Science.gov

Sample records for se faire une

  1. Une arthrite septique sur prothèse totale de genou à Pasteurella multocida: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Kouevidjin, Biova Teko; Bassinga, Jonathan Sylvanus

    2015-01-01

    Une arthrite septique sur PTG est due essentiellement au Staphylococcus aureus suivie des staphylocoques à coagulase négative, et les streptocoques. Au cours de ses 40 dernières années très peu de cas d'infection sur arthroplastie à Pasteurella multocida ont été rapporté. La présentation clinique n'a rien de spécifique.la contamination survient après une morsure, griffure ou léchage d'un chat. L'interrogatoire et l'examen bactériologique est la clé du diagnostique. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente de 84 ans qui présente une infection a Pasteurella multocida suite à une morsure du chat 06 jours au paravent. Elle a bénéficié d'une prise en charge chirurgicale par lavage et synovectomie et une bi-antibiothérapie avec bonne évolution. PMID:26523162

  2. Judging Fairs Fairly.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McBride, John W.; Silverman, Fredrick L.

    1988-01-01

    Discusses some of the problems associated with winners and losers at science fairs. Presents two alternatives to the traditional prize system: "The Scouting Concept" and "The County Fair Concept." Stresses the values and learnings that are associated with successful fairs. (CW)

  3. Dynamique d'une frontière libre : un siège fascinant de morphogénèse

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Misbah, Chaouqi; Müller-Kurmbhaar, Heiner

    Un front de solidification, dont le mouvement est limité par une simple diffusion, est le siège d'une myriade de morphogénèses statiques et dynamiques, allant d'une dendrite aux fractals, et d'un front cellulaire stationnaire au chaos spatio-temporel. Plusieurs de ces caractéristiques sont communes à une vaste liste de systèmes hors équilibre. Même l'organisation spatio-temporelle d'une population d'entités vivantes, telles que les bactéries, présente une forte similarité avec celle d'un front de croissance.

  4. Fair innings.

    PubMed

    Bognar, Greg

    2015-05-01

    In many societies, the aging of the population is becoming a major problem. This raises difficult issues for ethics and public policy. On what is known as the fair innings view, it is not impermissible to give lower priority to policies that primarily benefit the elderly. Philosophers have tried to justify this view on various grounds. In this article, I look at a consequentialist, a fairness-based, and a contractarian justification. I argue that all of them have implausible implications and fail to correspond to our moral intuitions. I end by outlining a different kind of consequentialist justification that avoids those implications and corresponds better to our considered moral judgments. PMID:24909449

  5. Aplasie cutane circonscrite du cuir chevelu chez un enfant rwandais: a propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Ntumba-Tshitenge, Olga; Kaputu-Kalala-Malu, Clestin; Mukampunga, Caritas; Mukendi, Kavulu Mayamba

    2014-01-01

    L'aplasie cutane circonscrite du cuir chevelu ou aplasia cutis congenita, en nomenclature latine, est une malformation rare du cuir chevelu caractrise par une absence de ce dernier. Elle peut intresser lpiderme ou toute la peau. La prise en charge d'une telle malformation est assez dlicate. Elle est gnralement chirurgicale et le pronostic dpend en grande partie de malformations vasculaires associes. Le risque infectieux et/ou hmorragique est lev. Cette malformation peut tre isole, ne se limitant qu la peau du cuir chevelu; tout comme elle peut faire partie d'un syndrome polymalformatif associant l'atteinte d'autres tissus ou organes tel qu'on peut l'observer dans le syndrome d'Adams-Oliver. Nous rapportons le cas d'un nouveau-n rwandais chez qui on a constat, la naissance, une absence du cuir chevelu, parcellaire, intressant une grande partie du vertex fronto-parital et la rgion paritale gauche. Une IRM avec squences angiograpiques ralise plusieurs jours plus tard, montre une agnsie de la partie frontale du sinus longitudinal suprieur. A notre connaissance, aucune observation faisant tat de cette malformation n'a jamais t publie en Afrique Centrale. PMID:25838854

  6. Tumeur d'Abrikossoff juxta axillaire: une localisation rare d'une tumeur très rare, à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Amourak, Sarah; Bouzoubaa, Wael; Jayi, Sofia; Alaoui, Fatimazahra Fdili; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2015-01-01

    Décrite pour la première fois en 1926 par Abrikossoff, les tumeurs à cellules granuleuses (TCG) sont bénignes et uniques dans la grande majorité des cas. Les principales localisations sont la cavité orale, puis les tissus sous-cutanés de la tête et du cou et les seins. La pathogenèse a été longtemps débattue, après avoir proposé initialement une origine musculaire striée les études récentes sont en faveur d'une origine neurogène schwannienne confirmées par une étude immunohistochimique. Le traitement de la tumeur à cellules granuleuses est un traitement chirurgical, il permet un diagnostic de certitude par l'examen anatomo-pathologique de la pièce d'exérèse qui doit rechercher les limites d'exérèse et la présence de critères de malignité. Leur évolution est souvent favorable si la résection chirurgicale est complète. Nous rapportons ici le cas d'une tumeur d'Abrikossoff à localisation juxta axillaire et nous profitons de faire une revue de la littérature afin de mettre le point sur cette entité rare. PMID:26328001

  7. How Are Science Fairs Fairing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2011-01-01

    For more than half a century, the annual science fair has been a fixture in many a school's academic life, both for science teachers, who guide classes through the hands-on experience of researching topics of interest, and for students, who often hectically put the finishing touches on their work the night before it is exhibited in the school gym

  8. How Are Science Fairs Fairing?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schachter, Ron

    2011-01-01

    For more than half a century, the annual science fair has been a fixture in many a school's academic life, both for science teachers, who guide classes through the hands-on experience of researching topics of interest, and for students, who often hectically put the finishing touches on their work the night before it is exhibited in the school gym…

  9. Planning a Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ebert, Jim

    1976-01-01

    Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)

  10. An Alternative Science Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Romjue, Mary Kalen; Clementson, John J.

    1992-01-01

    Proposes the organization of noncompetitive science fairs to create a more positive learning experience for children in the elementary grades. Describes methods of organizing and judging the fair, and provides a list of suggested resources for science fair projects. (MDH)

  11. Iowa State Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohrn, Deborah Gore, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This issue of the "Goldfinch" focuses on the Iowa state fair. The magazine begins with a map of the fair as it looks today. The article explains that the first Iowa state fair was held in 1854. After traveling from town to town for several years, the fair settled in the capital city of Des Moines in 1878. Eight years later, in 1886, the first fair

  12. Resizing Triathlons for Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wainer, Howard; De Veaux, Richard D.

    As currently configured, triathlons are dominated by cyclists and runners. The concept of fairness, as applied to triathlons, suggests that a cyclist, runner, and swimmer, all equally proficient, can each traverse the associated segment of the triathlon in approximately equal times. This definition of fairness is used to derive fair triathlon

  13. A Fair Proposition?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Grobman, Arnold

    1993-01-01

    Describes problems with school science fairs including poor judging and a lack of understanding by the students of their own projects. Suggests improvements to the system. One suggestion is for science fair projects to be displayed only in classrooms and not district or regional fairs. (PR)

  14. La tamponnade cardiaque: une manifestation rare de l'hypothyroïdie

    PubMed Central

    Arous, Salim; Ettaoumi, Youssef; Najih, Hayat; Makani, Said; Alami, Arroussi Aziz; Habbal, Rachida

    2015-01-01

    La survenue d'un épanchement péricardique au cours d'une hypothyroïdie est fréquente. Ce fait justifie la réalisation d'une échocardiographie lors du diagnostic et du suivi évolutif des hypothyroïdies. Les signes de mauvaise tolérance de cet épanchement sont rares et la constitution d'une tamponnade péricardique n'est que très rarement rapportée. Ce travail se base sur l’étude rétrospective de quatre cas de tamponnade cardiaque révélant une hypothyroïdie primaire. L’échocardiographie a permis de faire le diagnostic immédiat de la tamponnade. Orienté par l'aspect clinique, le diagnostic d'hypothyroïdie a été confirmé par dosage biologique. Le traitement a été à base de drainage péricardique chirurgical et d'hormonothérapie progressive, l’évolution a été favorable avec disparition de l’épanchement péricardique. Certaines particularités physiopathologiques, l'intérêt de l’échocardiographie et du drainage péricardique chirurgical, tant au plan diagnostique qu'au plan thérapeutique sont soulignés. PMID:26848351

  15. Polyradiculonvrite inflammatoire dmylinisante chronique rvlant une thrombocytmie essentielle

    PubMed Central

    Jaafoura, Neirouz Ghannouchi; Atig, Amira; Bouker, Ahmed; Alaoua, Omar; Khalifa, Mabrouk; Bahri, Fathi

    2014-01-01

    La polyradiculonvrite inflammatoire dmylinisante chronique est une affection rare qui se caractrise par une neuropathie sensitivo-motrice dmylinisante, segmentaire et multifocale de mcanisme probablement dys-immunitaire et rpondant un traitement immunomodulateur. Une tiologie sous jacente est retrouve dans prs de 40% des cas et peut tre infectieuse, auto-immune ou tumorales que ce soit les noplasies solides ou les hmopathies notamment les gammapathies monoclonales. Nous rapportons une association exceptionnelle de polyradiculonvrite inflammatoire dmylinisante chronique qui rvle une thrombocytmie essentielle. PMID:25722774

  16. Une masse palpbrale rvlant une fistule carotidocaverneuse

    PubMed Central

    Oulali, Noureddine; Moufid, Fayal; Khoulali, Mohammed; Sekhsoukh, Rachid; Housni, Brahim; Ghailan, Mohamed Rachid

    2012-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent une observation particulire, chez un homme de 48 ans ayant dans ces antcdents un traumatisme crnio-faciale grave il y'a dix ans, qui prsente depuis huit mois une masse palpbrale droite, avec une discrte exophtalmie et hmorragie sous conjonctivale, l'angio IRM a permis de confirmer le diagnostique d'une fistule carotidocaverneuse haut dbit, qui est responsable de cette symptomatologie. L'objectif de cet article est de mettre la lumire sur cette pathologie rare, en insistant sur les particularits cliniques de prsentation d'une part, et sur le plan thrapeutique d'autre part, en exposant l'intrt de la radiologie interventionnelle. PMID:23330040

  17. Allergie respiratoire et sunko: une association rare, propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Ngombe, Lon Kabamba; Kangulu, Ignace Bwana; Nzaji, Michel Kabamba

    2014-01-01

    Il est rapport dans ce texte un cas d'allergie respiratoire ayant fait probablement suite une consommation d'un tabac sans fum couramment utilis en Rpublique Dmocratique du Congo, le Sunko . Une rhinite et un asthme allergiques sont les cas. Cette observation permet d'attirer l'attention du monde scientifique mettre sur pieds des tudes concernant la composition et les effets du Sunko pour apprhender cette association, puis d'informer l'opinion sur les dangers que courent les consommateurs de ce type de tabac et de faire la revue de la littrature. PMID:25426218

  18. Fair Use and Copyright.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Scott; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Special section on fair use and copyright contains three articles: "The Management of Intellectual Property" (Scott Bennett); "The Meaning of Fair Use" (Kenneth Frazier), including electronic infringement and examples of court cases; and "Document Delivery" (Laura N. Gassaway), including copies for primary users, warning notices, electronic

  19. It's Not Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Is a "fair test" the only way to carry out science investigations? Many children (and primary teachers) following the National Curriculum in England and Wales would answer "yes" to this question. This is because fair test investigations have historically been promoted in national assessment, published curricula, schemes of work and assessment

  20. Fairness and Ability Grouping.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Strike, Kenneth A.

    1983-01-01

    A recent controversy regarding ability grouping is that it is often perceived as a means whereby racial or class bias can be subtly transformed into mechanisms of discrimination which exhibit the appearance of fairness and objectivity. This article addresses the question of fairness in ability grouping. (CJB)

  1. It's Not Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Jane

    2012-01-01

    Is a "fair test" the only way to carry out science investigations? Many children (and primary teachers) following the National Curriculum in England and Wales would answer "yes" to this question. This is because fair test investigations have historically been promoted in national assessment, published curricula, schemes of work and assessment…

  2. Super Science Fair Sourcebook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iritz, Maxine Haren

    This guide to science fair projects is designed for students and provides clear directions on how to complete a successful science project. Real projects are used as examples and information and advice is provided by teachers, judges, and participants and their families about the process. Topics covered in this book include choosing a science fair

  3. The Technology Fair Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mettas, Alexandros; Constantinou, Constantinos

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the technology fair is to enhance technological problem-solving skills. This article discusses a technology fair centered on a university/school partnership, which raised the level of complexity both with administrative and scientific issues. The end result of such partnerships is that schools have the opportunity to demonstrate an

  4. Rethinking the Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the authors reflect on whether the competitiveness of science fairs does anything to enhance the learning environment of schools. The authors narrate how a visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these gala events reminded them of why they so dislike science fairs. The authors mention that they applaud any sincere

  5. Rethinking the Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

    2008-01-01

    Spring is the season when thousands of creased cardboard pests can be found lodged under the armpits of students and teachers as they observe the educational rite of spring known as the school science fair. A recent visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these events reminded the authors of why they so dislike science fairs. In this

  6. Réponse radiologique complète d'un hémangiopéricytome méningé après radiothérapie adjuvante à une exérèse incomplète

    PubMed Central

    Bazine, Amine; Ogandaga, Etienne; Dossou, Serpos; Aissa, Abdellah; Oumellal, Jamal; Lalya, Issam; Saidi, Amar; Kebdani, Tayeb; Benjaafar, Noureddine

    2014-01-01

    L'hémangiopéricytome méningé (HM) est une tumeur vasculaire rare qui représente moins de 1% des tumeurs intracrâniennes. Son traitement reste à ce jour mal codifié et n'est basé que sur des données rétrospectives. La place de la radiothérapie adjuvante après chirurgie d'exérèse n'est pas bien établie. Ce présent travail décrit un cas d'HM chez une patiente de 42 ans, traité par chirurgie incomplète et radiothérapie adjuvante, avec réponse radiologique complète notée 1 an après la fin du traitement. PMID:25379118

  7. A fair test of the fair innings?

    PubMed

    Oliver, Adam

    2009-01-01

    Priority setting in health care under conventional rules of health economic evaluation is based upon the ethos of attempting to maximize post-treatment health gain given available health care resources. In his later years, Alan Williams advocated the "fair innings argument,'' which balances differences in whole lifetime experiences of health with differences in post-treatment outcomes when prioritizing people for health care. This article reports a study that presented respondents with a number of abstract health care decision contexts in an attempt to test the extent to which post-treatment health maximization, the fair innings argument, or, indeed other "decision rules,'' are evident in the respondents' answers. The results indicate that the most commonly observed decision rule differs substantially across health care contexts, and therefore imply that rather than pursue an overarching decision rule, it may be more appropriate to vary the rule according to the particular health care decision context under consideration. PMID:19506083

  8. Faut-il restreindre la mdication avant une RSOS?

    PubMed Central

    Konrad, Gerald; Katz, Alan

    2012-01-01

    Rsum Objectif Dterminer si des interventions de nature pharmacologique amliorent la sensibilit et la spcificit de la recherche de sang occulte dans les selles (RSOS) au gaac lors du dpistage du cancer colorectal (CCR). Sources des donnes Nous avons fait une recension dans les bases de donnes PubMed-MEDLINE, CINAHL et Cochrane laide des termes MeSH occult blood, feces/analysis et guaiac/analysis et nous avons fait une association avec les variations suivantes, notamment anticoagulants, heparin, warfarin, iron, aspirin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), clopidogrel, cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors et ascorbic acid (vitamin C). Nous avons limit la slection des tudes celles en anglais portant sur des sujets humains. Slection des tudes Tous les titres et les rsums cerns ont t examins pour dterminer sils mentionnaient lutilisation de mdicaments associe une RSOS au gaac. Sil ntait pas clair dans le rsum que ltude tait pertinente, larticle au complet tait examin. Cette recherche a produit 31 tudes pertinentes. Synthse Aucune tude ne portait sur les effets des interventions pharmacologiques sur la sensibilit ou la spcificit du dpistage par RSOS. Par ailleurs, des tudes contrles randomises nont pas dmontr de hausse des taux de rsultats positifs chez les personnes prenant des anti-inflammatoires non strodiens (AINS). Les ouvrages scientifiques ne sont pas unanimes quant leffet des AINS sur la valeur prdictive positive de rsultats positifs dune RSOS, quoiquaucun changement dans la valeur prdictive positive nait t dmontr pour la warfarine. Le fer ninfluence pas les rsultats in vivo de la RSOS. Lacide ascorbique inhibe les rsultats positifs de la RSOS tant in vivo quin vitro, mais il na pas fait lobjet dtudes dans les populations vises par le dpistage. Conclusion Les tudes qui valuent les effets des interventions lies aux mdicaments sur le dpistage du CCR par RSOS sont limites par leur moins bonne qualit et parce quelles ne se penchent pas sur la sensibilit et la spcificit. Par contre, les donnes probantes disponibles ne font pas valoir de bienfaits cesser les AINS, les mdicaments anticoagulants ou le fer durant la priode du dpistage. Ces recommandations devraient tre abandonnes de manire maximiser lobservance du dpistage. Les rsultats positifs dune RSOS chez les patients qui prennent ces mdicaments doivent faire lobjet dune valuation complte pour dpister un ventuel CCR. Jusqu ce que dautres tudes prcisent leffet de lacide ascorbique sur le dpistage par RSOS, il semble prudent de faire cesser ce mdicament avant les tests.

  9. Physics at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Chattopadhyay, Subhasis

    2014-11-01

    The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) is under construction at Darmstadt, Germany. It will deliver high intensity beams of ions and antiprotons for experiments in the fields of atomic physics, plasma physics, nuclear physics, hadron physics, nuclear matter physics, material physics and biophysics. One of the scientific pillars of FAIR is the Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment which is designed for the study of high density nuclear matter as it exists in the core of neutron stars. In this article the scientific program of FAIR will be reviewed with emphasis on the CBM experiment.

  10. The Fair Facility

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nilsson, Thomas

    2015-03-01

    The FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Beams), under construction at the GSI site in Darmstadt, Germany, will be addressing a wealth of outstanding questions within the realm of subatomic, atomic and plasma physics through a combination of novel accelerators, storage rings and innovative experimental setups. The envisaged programme of FAIR yields a breadth that is unprecedented at an accelerator-based infrastructure. A brief review of the FAIR infrastructure and scientific reach is made, together with an update of the status of the construction.

  11. Volvulus du grle sur msentre commun incomplet - une redoutable complication rare chez l'adulte: propos de 1 cas

    PubMed Central

    Coulibaly, Mahamadoun; Boukatta, Brahim; Derkaoui, Ali; Sbai, Hicham; Ousadden, Abdelmalek; Kanjaa, Nabil

    2015-01-01

    Le msentre commun rsulte d'une anomalie de rotation du tube digestif. Il est caractris par la persistance d'une disposition anatomique embryonnaire secondaire une anomalie de rotation de l'anse ombilicale primitive, constituant ainsi un mso commun toute l'anse intestinale et une racine du msentre extrmement courte. Cette insuffisance de rotation est le plus souvent associe un dfaut d'accolement. Ces anomalies de rotation intestinale peuvent aboutir des complications redoutables parfois mortelles, qui surviennent gnralement au cours de la priode nonatale o lge pdiatrique. On estime que la prvalence de ces malformations congnitales lge adulte est de l'ordre de 0,2% 0,5% ge auquel elles demeurent trs souvent asymptomatiques et donc non diagnostiques. Le diagnostic de volvulus total du grle peut se faire dans des circonstances trs varies: en urgence devant un tableau d'occlusion intestinale aigu, voire un tat de choc pouvant conduire au dcs, devant un tableau de douleurs abdominales rptes plus ou moins associes des troubles du transit. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient de 18 ans admis pour volvulus total du grle sur msentre commun incomplet chez qui lvolution tait favorable. PMID:26113900

  12. Science Fairs for All.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaw, Donna Gail; Cook, Cheryl; Ribelin, Teralyn

    2000-01-01

    Discusses a science fair project with a diverse group of K-2 urban school students. Students experienced the purpose and procedure for a scientific investigation, although they learned in different ways and at different rates. (ASK)

  13. Vehicle underbody fairing

    SciTech Connect

    Ortega, Jason M.; Salari, Kambiz; McCallen, Rose

    2010-11-09

    A vehicle underbody fairing apparatus for reducing aerodynamic drag caused by a vehicle wheel assembly, by reducing the size of a recirculation zone formed under the vehicle body immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly. The fairing body has a tapered aerodynamic surface that extends from a front end to a rear end of the fairing body with a substantially U-shaped cross-section that tapers in both height and width. Fasteners or other mounting devices secure the fairing body to an underside surface of the vehicle body, so that the front end is immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly and a bottom section of the tapered aerodynamic surface rises towards the underside surface as it extends in a downstream direction.

  14. Fairness in technological design.

    PubMed

    Shelley, Cameron

    2012-12-01

    This paper addresses an important multi-disciplinary issue of current interest, that is, the implications of technological design for fairness. A visual, graphical methodology centered on the Taylor-Russell diagram is proposed to address this issue. The Taylor-Russell diagram helps to identify and explore ways in which predictions built into designs can pit the interests of different constituencies against one another. The configuration of the design represents a trade-off between the interests of the communities involved. Whether or not the trade-off is appropriate constitutes a problem of fairness or distributive justice. The breadth of this methodology is supported by a diversity of examples analyzed. These include a surveillance system, an automotive safety system, a civic information system, and the international food distribution system. These examples provide models for application of the methodology to the analysis of designs in further areas of concern. Limitations of the methodology are also discussed. While it helps to identify and clarify issues of fairness in technology design, the methodology does not provide a general theory of fairness, nor can it provide fair solutions to such issues without appeal to further principles or concepts. PMID:21336527

  15. FAIR project at GSI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kester, Oliver; Spiller, Peter; Stoecker, Horst

    FAIR -- the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research in Europe -- constructed at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH in Darmstadt comprises an international centre of heavy ion accelerators that will drive heavy ion and antimatter research (FBTR, 2006). FAIR will provide worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities allowing a large variety of fore-front research in physics and applied science. FAIR will deliver antiproton and ion beams of unprecedented intensities and qualities. The main part of the FAIR facility is a sophisticated and cost efficient accelerator system, which delivers parallel beams to different experiments of the FAIR experimental collaborations -- APPA, NuSTAR, CBM and PANDA. The accelerated primary beams will then be employed to create new, often highly exotic particles in a series of parallel experimental programs. Experiments with exotic particles will explore fundamental processes which are expected to have taken place in the early phases and still happen in the on-going evolution of the Universe. These processes produced the basic constituents of matter and overall structure we observe today...

  16. Sport, Fair Play, and Children's Concepts of Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Covrig, Duane M.

    1996-01-01

    Examines concepts of fairness potentially available to children who participate in scholastic competitive sport. Reviews meanings of fair play and fairness, examines how sports involvement may nurture or distort such meanings, and suggests techniques for improving sport's effects on children's developing concepts of fairness. Advocates Starratt's…

  17. Nphrocalcinose compliquant une miliaire tuberculeuse chez un nourrisson

    PubMed Central

    El Maghraoui, Jaouad; Souilmi, Fatima Zahrae; Hbibi, Mohamed; Houssaini, Tarik Sqalli; Hida, Mustapha

    2015-01-01

    La nphrocalcinose se dfinit par la prsence anormale dans le parenchyme rnal de dpts calciques pouvant rsulter de diffrentes affections. Nous rapportons le cas d'un nourrisson de 7 mois chez qui nous avons diagnostiqu une hypercalcmie complique par une nphrocalcinose secondaire une tuberculose miliaire aggrave par l'intoxication la vitamine D amliore sous hyperhydratation, furosmide et glucocorticodes. A travers ce travail, nous insistons sur l'intrt de la recherche d'une hypercalcmie devant toute infection tuberculeuse, de la prise en charge rapide et adapte sans oubli d'interrompre la supplmentation en vitamine D. PMID:26309458

  18. The FAIR start

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoecker, H.; Sturm, C.

    2011-04-01

    At the 4th of October 2010 nine countries signed the international agreement on the construction of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR. Adjacent to the existing accelerator complex of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt/Germany, FAIR substantially expands research goals and technical possibilities. It will provide worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities allowing for a large variety of unprecedented fore-front research in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics as well as applied sciences which will be described in this article briefly.

  19. L’alimentation des enfants ayant une déficience neurologique

    PubMed Central

    2009-01-01

    La malnutrition, qu’il s’agisse de sous-alimentation ou de suralimentation, est courante chez les enfants ayant une déficience neurologique. Les besoins en énergie sont difficiles à définir au sein de cette population hétérogène. De plus, on manque d’information sur ce qui constitue la croissance normale chez ces enfants. Des facteurs non nutritionnels peuvent influer sur la croissance, mais des facteurs nutritionnels, tels qu’un apport calorique insuffisant, des pertes excessives d’éléments nutritifs et un métabolisme énergétique anormal, contribuent également au retard de croissance de ces enfants. La malnutrition est liée à une importante morbidité, tandis que la réadaptation nutritionnelle améliore l’état de santé global. Le soutien nutritionnel doit faire partie intégrante de la prise en charge des enfants ayant une déficience nutritionnelle et viser non seulement à améliorer l’état nutritionnel, mais également la qualité de vie des patients et de leur famille. Au moment d’envisager une intervention nutritionnelle, il faut tenir compte du dysfonctionnement oromoteur, du reflux gastro-œsophagien et de l’aspiration pulmonaire, et une équipe multidisciplinaire doit se concerter. Il faut repérer rapidement les enfants vulnérables à des troubles nutritionnels et procéder à une évaluation de leur état nutritionnel au moins une fois par année, et plus souvent chez les nourrissons et les jeunes enfants ou chez les enfants qui risquent de souffrir de malnutrition. Il faut optimiser l’apport oral s’il est sécuritaire, mais entreprendre une alimentation entérale chez les enfants ayant un dysfonctionnement oromoteur qui provoque une aspiration marquée ou chez ceux qui sont incapables de maintenir un état nutritionnel suffisant au moyen de l’apport oral. Il faut réserver l’alimentation par sonde nasogastrique aux interventions à court terme, mais si une intervention nutritionnelle prolongée s’impose, il faut envisager la gastrostomie. Il faut réserver les mesures antireflux aux enfants présentant un reflux gastro-œsophagien considérable. Il faut surveiller étroitement la réponse du patient à l’intervention nutritionnelle afin d’éviter une prise de poids excessive après l’amorce de l’alimentation entérale, et privilégier les préparations pédiatriques afin d’éviter les carences en micronutriments. PMID:20592968

  20. No Stress Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Robert

    2004-01-01

    Two recurring hurdles seem to reduce the effectiveness of science fairs--finding time in the regular curriculum and excessive parental involvement. The time issue too often manifests itself with the obviously last-minute, overnight project of dubious learning value. The pollution of parental handiwork ruins the student's opportunity to actually

  1. Welcome to Choctaw Fair!

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boykin, Deborah; And Others

    Designed to assist students in math, language, and reading, the booklet illustrates five events that may occur at the Choctaw Fair, such as a princess pageant, dancing, riding a ferris wheel, eating hominy, and throwing rabbit sticks. A teacher's guide on the last page offers four suggested activities for preschoolers based on the booklet.…

  2. Is flat fair?

    SciTech Connect

    Bunzl, Martin

    2010-07-15

    Dynamic pricing holds out the promise of shifting peak demand as well as reducing overall demand. But it also raises thorny issues of fairness. All practical pricing systems involve tradeoffs between equity and efficiency. I examine the circumstances under which equity ought to be allowed to trump efficiency and whether or not this constitutes a defense of flat pricing. (author)

  3. Bargaining and fairness

    PubMed Central

    Binmore, Kenneth

    2014-01-01

    The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth assessment of human morality by arguing that the evolution of our sense of fairness can be traced to the practicalities of food-sharing. When animals share food, they can be seen as enjoying the fruits of an implicit bargain to ensure each other against hunger. The implications of this observation are explored using the tools of game theory. The arguments lead to a structure for fair bargains that closely resembles the structure proposed by John Rawls, the leading moral philosopher of the last century. PMID:25024181

  4. Bargaining and fairness.

    PubMed

    Binmore, Kenneth

    2014-07-22

    The idea that human morality might be the product of evolution is not popular. The reason is partly that the moral principles that actually govern our day-to-day behavior have been idealized in a way that makes a natural origin seem impossible. This paper puts the case for a more down-to-earth assessment of human morality by arguing that the evolution of our sense of fairness can be traced to the practicalities of food-sharing. When animals share food, they can be seen as enjoying the fruits of an implicit bargain to ensure each other against hunger. The implications of this observation are explored using the tools of game theory. The arguments lead to a structure for fair bargains that closely resembles the structure proposed by John Rawls, the leading moral philosopher of the last century. PMID:25024181

  5. Hadron Physics at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Wiedner, Ulrich

    2011-10-24

    The new FAIR facility in Darmstadt has a broad program in the field of hadron and nuclear physics utilizing ion beams with unprecedented intensity and accuracy. The hadron physics program centers around the the high-energy storage ring HESR for antiprotons and the PANDA experiment that is integrated in it. The physics program includes among others topics like hadron spectroscopy in the charmonium mass region and below, hyperon physics, electromagnetic processes and charm in nuclei.

  6. Science Fair Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Kevin

    2004-01-01

    Sciences fair season is a time when seasoned non-science teachers typically give up all hope of cramming any more knowledge into the heads of their students. It's just too much. However, non-science types might be missing out on a pretty good deal. The science department has got these kids in a pretty tight grip as far as the process and the

  7. Fair trade international surrogacy.

    PubMed

    Humbyrd, Casey

    2009-12-01

    Since the development of assisted reproductive technologies, infertile individuals have crossed borders to obtain treatments unavailable or unaffordable in their own country. Recent media coverage has focused on the outsourcing of surrogacy to developing countries, where the cost for surrogacy is significantly less than the equivalent cost in a more developed country. This paper discusses the ethical arguments against international surrogacy. The major opposition viewpoints can be broadly divided into arguments about welfare, commodification and exploitation. It is argued that the only valid objection to international surrogacy is that surrogate mothers may be exploited by being given too little compensation. However, the possibility of exploitation is a weak argument for prohibition, as employment alternatives for potential surrogate mothers may be more exploitative or more harmful than surrogacy. It is concluded that international surrogacy must be regulated, and the proposed regulatory mechanism is termed Fair Trade Surrogacy. The guidelines of Fair Trade Surrogacy focus on minimizing potential harms to all parties and ensuring fair compensation for surrogate mothers. PMID:19508290

  8. Proton Microscopy at Fair

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Merrill, F. E.; Golubev, A. A.; Mariam, F. G.; Turtikov, V. I.; Varentsov, D.

    2009-12-01

    Proton radiography was invented in the 1990's at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as a diagnostic to study dynamic material properties under extreme pressures, strain and strain rate. Since this time hundreds of dynamic proton radiography experiments have been performed at LANL and a facility has been commissioned at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Russia for similar applications in dynamic material studies. Recently an international effort has investigated a new proton radiography capability for the study of dynamic material properties at the Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR) located in Darmstadt, Germany. This new Proton microscope for FAIR (PRIOR) will provide radiographic imaging of dynamic systems with unprecedented spatial, temporal and density resolution, resulting in a window for understanding dynamic material properties at new length scales. It is also proposed to install the PRIOR system at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung before installation at FAIR for dynamic experiments with different drivers including high explosives, pulsed power and lasers. The design of the proton microscope and expected radiographic performance is presented.

  9. Dcouverte d'une tumeur grlique suite une occlusion intestinale aigue chez une femme enceinte: propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Chouaib, Naoufal; Rafai, Mostafa; El Bouti, Anas; Belkouch, Ahmed; El bakkali, Hicham; Belyamani, Lahcen

    2015-01-01

    L'association d'un cancer digestif avec la grossesse est rare et concerne avant tout les cancers colorectaux, de l'estomac ainsi que ceux se rvlant par une tumeur de Krukenberg. Le diagnostic est souvent tardif expliquant la frquence leve des stades avancs. Nous rapportons un cas d'une femme enceinte qui a prsent une occlusion intestinale aigue sur tumeur colique. Il s'agissait d'une patiente enceinte de 32 semaines d'amnorrhes, admise pour syndrome occlusif voluant depuis trois jours. L'examen abdominal retrouvait une distension abdominale. Lchographie abdominopelvienne retrouvait une grossesse monofoetale volutive de 32 SA 2SA d'amnorrhe, ainsi qu'un panchement intrapritonal de moyenne abondance. Un scanner abdominal a montr une occlusion grlique sur processus de la dernire anse ilale. La patiente a t opre six heures aprs son admission. Le traitement consistait raliser une colostomie temporaire afin de driver les selles et de dcomprimer rapidement le clon et vacuer les gaz et les selles. Les suites postopratoires ont t marques par des contractions utrines jugules par la tocolyse intraveineuse. PMID:26175830

  10. Rupture traumatique du tendon tibial postérieur survenue lors d'une fracture fermée de la cheville: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Karabila, Mohamed Amine; Azouz, Mohamed; Mhamdi, Younes; Hmouri, Ismail; Kharmaz, Mohamed; Bardouni, Ahmed; Lahlou, Abdou; Mahfoud, Mustapha; Berrada, Mohamed Saleh

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'une rupture post-traumatique du tendon tibial postérieur survenue lors d'une fracture bimalléolaire de la cheville. Le diagnostic a été posé lors de l'intervention chirurgicale. La réparation du tendon, non dégénératif, a été réalisée en même temps que l'ostéosynthèse. Bien que rare, cette possibilité de lésion tendineuse lors des fractures de la cheville ne doit pas êtreoubliée. Des douleurs résiduelles, un déficit de l'inversion active du pied, une modification de l'arche médiane du pied et à terme une évolution vers un pied plat valgus doivent faire évoquer rétrospectivement le diagnostic.

  11. Fractions: How to Fair Share

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Edgington, Cynthia P.; Nguyen, Kenny H.; Pescosolido, Ryan S.; Confrey, Jere

    2011-01-01

    Children learn from a very early age what it means to get their "fair share." Whether it is candy or birthday cake, many children successfully create equal-size groups or parts of a collection or whole but later struggle to create fair shares of multiple wholes, such as fairly sharing four pies among a family of seven. Recent research suggests

  12. Masse pelvienne chez une jeune fille: penser l'hmatocolpos

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Amina Ben; Yahyaoui, Sana; Messoud, Amal; El Mhabrech, Houda; Faleh, Rajaa; Hafsa, Chiraz

    2014-01-01

    L'hmatocolpos est l'accumulation progressive du sang menstruel dans la cavit vaginale la pubert. Il est souvent la consquence d'une imperforation de l'hymen. Il se traduit sur le plan clinique par des douleurs pelviennes cycliques et une amnorrhe primaire. Plus rarement, il peut se rvler par une masse pelvienne. Lchographie est l'examen de choix pour le diagnostic de l'hmatocolpos sur imperforation de l'hymen. L'imagerie par rsonance magntique (IRM) est l'examen d'imagerie de rfrence pour confirmer l'hmatolcolpos et exclure d'autres malformations du canal de Muller ou des malformations urologiques associes. Nous rapportons un cas d'hmatocolpos secondaire une imperforation hymnale diagnostiqu chez une jeune fille prsentant une amnorrhe primaire et une masse pelvienne. Le diagnostic tait pos par lchographie et l'IRM et confirm par l'intervention chirurgicale. PMID:25452830

  13. Minimisation de l'effet de la grille collectrice dans une photopile solaire à haute concentration solaire

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cheknane, A.; Benyoucef, B.; Charles, J.-P.; Zerdoum, R.

    2005-05-01

    Une fois la croissance cristalline et la jonction sont réalisées, on collecte la puissance électrique délivrée par la photopile au moyen des contacts métalliques déposés sur deux faces. Sur la face arrière il n'y a pas de problèmes particuliers puisque toute la surface peut être utilisée ; la face avant pose essentiellement deux problèmes : Du point de vue optique, le taux de couverture doit être faible car la surface cachée par la métallisation est inactive ; Du point de vue électrique, le drainage des photoporteurs doit se faire avec le minimum de chutes de tension dans le semi-conducteur comme dans le métal. L'objectif de notre travail est de minimiser l'effet de la grille de collecte d'une photopile solaire à homojonction (Si n+p) d'une géométrie circulaire (rayon a=4.9cm), ayant une métallisation à l'argent (ρM=1.610-6 Ω.cm) et une résistance de contact ρC=10-5Ω.cm2. Nos calculs sont faits sous les conditions : AM1.5 et une concentration variant de 1à1000 soleils. Les différentes pertes causées par cette grille sont : - La puissance perdue par l'occultation de la grille (taux d'ombre), - Perte due au contact métal/semi-conducteur, - Puissance dissipée dans la résistance de couche entre barreaux, - Les pertes dans la métallisation de la grille. Nous résumons, dans cet article, les résultats de notre modélisation par : ast Dans l'intervalle [1, 200 soleils] le rendement de conversion varie de 14.7% à 18.1% pour un angle thêta (= 1/2 angle entre deux doigts consécutifs de grille) variant de 0.116 rad à 0.044 rad, ast Dans l'intervalle [ {200,1000 soleils} ] le rendement de conversion varie de 17.8% à 16.98% qui correspond ainsi à une variation de 0.041 rad à 0.026 rad de l'angle thêta.

  14. Obesity, paternalism and fairness.

    PubMed

    Kniess, Johannes

    2015-11-01

    Many liberal theories are committed to the promotion of population health, and the principle of non-interference in individual life plans. Public health interventions often bring out a tension between these two values. In this paper, I examine this tension by assessing the justifiability of liberty-restricting policies in the field of obesity prevention. As I want to show, a 'soft' form of paternalism, which interferes with people's choices to safeguard their true interests, goes some way in justifying such policies, but it leaves unaddressed the problem of limiting the liberty of those whose true interest is in pursuing an unhealthy lifestyle. I argue that in this latter case, the key to reconcile the promotion of population health with the respect for individual liberty is distributive justice: when we cannot help those who care about their health without doing the same for those who do not, fairness will often require us to do so. PMID:26282279

  15. Thrombose veineuse msentrique suprieure compliquant une appendicite mconnue

    PubMed Central

    El Barni, Rachid; El Kharras, Abdennasser; Lahkim, Mohamed; Fihri, Jawad Fassi; Mejdane, Abdelhadi; Bouchama, Rachid; Achour, Abdessamad

    2013-01-01

    La thrombose veineuse msentrique suprieure (TVMS) peut se prsenter selon un mode aigu, subaigu ou chronique. Rpute rare, elle peut tre primitive ou secondaire. Les tiologies chirurgicales les plus frquemment identifies de TVMS sont la diverticulite colique et l'appendicite aigu. Les auteurs ont jug utile de rapporter une observation de TVMS compliquant une appendicite refroidie par les antibiotiques, tout en insistant sur la latence clinique de telle pathologie rendant son diagnostic et son traitement plus difficile. PMID:23504278

  16. Mningite rcurrente rvlant une maladie de Behet: propos de deux cas

    PubMed Central

    Lamzaf, Laila; Harmouche, Hicham; Alaoui-Bennesser, Habiba; Mezalek, Zoubida Tazi; Adnaoui, Mohamed; Aouni, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Les tiologies des mningites sont surtout infectieuses. Les causes non infectieuses, sont souvent de diagnostic difficile et incertain, tel est le cas de la maladie de Behet. Nous rapportons deux observations de patients ayant prsent des pisodes rcurrents de mningite. Dans un premier temps, la suspicion d'une tiologie infectieuse a conduit introduire un traitement anti-infectieux probabiliste. La dcouverte posteriori d'une aphtose bipolaire a permis de poser le diagnostic de maladie de Behet. Une corticothrapie s'est rvle efficace. La maladie de Behet doit toujours faire partie des diagnostics diffrentiels des mningites rcurrentes. PMID:25584126

  17. La miliaire hpatique: une prsentation chographique rare de la tuberculose hpatique dcouverte chez un adolescent immuno-comptent

    PubMed Central

    N'goran, Kouam; Akaffou, Evelyne; Konan, Anhum Nicaise; N'goan-Domoua, Anne-Marie

    2011-01-01

    Ce cas clinique rapporte un cas de tuberculose hpatique de prsentation chographique exceptionnelle. Nous avons ralis lchographie abdominale d'un adolescent de 12 ans, immuno-comptent, sans notion de contage tuberculeux, se plaignant de douleur abdominale chronique voluant depuis 8 mois associe des signes frustres dimprgnation tuberculeuse. L'examen chographique a t ralis l'aide d'un appareil cho-doppler de marque Logic 400 de la firme General Electric. Lchographie abdominale a mis en vidence, une hpatomgalie comportant de multiples micro-abcs hypochognes homognes, mesurant entre 3 et 4 mm de diamtre et dissmins dans tout le parenchyme hpatique donnant l'aspect de miliaire. Une ascite de moyenne abondance localise dans le pelvis a t objective. Il n'y avait pas d'adnopathies profondes ni de nodules pritonaux. La ponction biopsie hpatique sous guidage chographique a permis de faire le diagnostic de tuberculose hpatique l'histologie et la bactriologie. Le patient a t mis sous traitement spcifique avec une surveillance chographique mensuelle. La disparition des micro-abcs et le tarissement de l'ascite ont t obtenus au bout du 4me mois du traitement. Celle de l'hpatomgalie est survenue un mois plus tard. Lchographie joue un rle trs important dans la dtection prcoce de la tuberculose hpatique, son diagnostic prcis et la surveillance du traitement. Lors de sa ralisation dans un contexte de douleur abdominale chronique chez l'enfant, lchographiste devrait voquer le diagnostic de tuberculose hpatique devant une hpatomgalie multi-micro-abcde, mme chez l'enfant immuno-comptent. PMID:22355417

  18. Caracterisation de la cohesion de l'interface AMF/polymere dans une structure deformable adaptative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fischer-Rousseau, Charles

    Les structures déformables adaptatives (SDA) sont appelées à jouer un rôle important en aéronautique entre autres. Les alliages à mémoire de forme (AMF) sont un des candidats les plus prometteurs. Beaucoup de travail reste toutefois à faire avant que ces structures rencontrent les exigences élevées reliées à leur intégration dans un contexte aéronautique. Des travaux de recherche ont montré que la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère peut être un élément limitant dans la performance des SDA. Dans ce travail, l’effet sur la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère de divers traitements de surface, géométries de fil et types de polymère est évalué. La géométrie du fil est modifiée par une combinaison spécifique de laminage à froid et de recuit postdéformation qui maintient les propriétés de mémoire de forme tout en permettant de réduire l’aire de la section transversale du fil. Le traitement thermomécanique le plus prometteur est proposé. Une nouvelle méthode d’évaluation de la résistance à la décohésion est développée. Plutôt que de tester les fils en arrachement et de mesurer la force maximale, les tests en contraction sont basés sur la capacité des fils d’AMF à se contracter s’ils ont été encastrés dans un état tiré et qu’ils sont chauffés par effet Joule. L’hypothèse qu’on pose est que ces tests sont une meilleure approximation des conditions rencontrées dans une SDA, où les fils se contractent plutôt qu’ils sont arrachés par une force externe à la structure. Bien qu’une décohésion partielle ait été observée pour tous les échantillons, l’aire de la surface où il y a décohésion tait plus grande pour les échantillons avec une pré-déformation plus grande. Le front de décohésion a semblé cesser de progresser après les cycles de chauffage initiaux lorsque la vitesse de chauffage était faible. Un modèle numérique simulant la réponse thermique transitoire du polymère et du fil d’AMF lors d’un chauffage par effet Joule est programmé à l’aide du logiciel ANSYS. Le comportement du modèle est validé avec des résultats expérimentaux où des thermocouples encastrés dans l’échantillon permettent des mesures locales de la température. Les résultats calculés sont en accord avec les résultats expérimentaux d’un point de vue qualitatif, mais accusent des différences significatives d’un point de vue quantitatif. La mesure du champ de déformation à l’interface du fil et du polymère dans une SDA permettrait de développer et valider un modèle numérique prenant en compte l’effet mémoire de forme d’un fil encastré dans une matrice polymère. Dans ce but, une machine de traction miniature permettant l’analyse par microspectrométrie Raman in situ est présentée. Elle a une capacité de 1 kN et un déplacement maximal de 20 mm dans une enveloppe de conception totale de 160 mm de diamètre. La machine est conçue pour que le milieu de l’échantillon soit immobile grâce au fait que le mouvement des deux extrémités soit symétrique. Les résultats montrent que du travail supplémentaire est nécessaire avant de pouvoir encastrer des fils d’AMF dans une structure déformable adaptative. Mots-clés: décohésion, structure active, alliage à mémoire de forme, AMF, tests d’arrachement.

  19. Astronomy Science Fair Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pittichová, J.; Kadooka, M.-A.; Meech, K. J.

    2004-12-01

    ``Extrasolar Planet Transit", ``Lightcurve of a Variable Star", and ``Retrograde Motion of Mars" are some of the titles of high school students' projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. TOPS (Toward Other Planetary Systems) teachers who participated in the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy summer outreach program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech mentored their students. After attending the 3-week National Science Foundation Institute for several summers since 1999, these teachers in the summer of 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain images from telescopes, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software ``Astrometrica" to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year. These students made observing plans for images from the 31inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and/or from the 2.2m University of Hawaii Telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory. Learning about filters, exposure time, magnitude, frequency of taking CCD images, and ephemeris required many iterations between students, teachers, and astronomers and graduate students who were assisting. Poor weather conditions and other frustrations exposed the students to the realities of research. However, they were rewarded with projects that impressed the judges and that will be described.

  20. Fair society, healthy lives.

    PubMed

    Marmot, M; Bell, R

    2012-09-01

    The final report of the World Health Organization Commission on the Social Determinants of Health (CSDH), published in 2008, affirmed that social injustice was killing on a grand scale, with a toxic combination of 'poor social policies and programmes, unfair economic arrangements, and bad politics' being responsible for producing and reinforcing health inequalities. It provided a comprehensive evidence-based discussion of pervasive inequalities of health in many countries, demonstrating the presence of a social gradient in health outcomes associated with the unfair distribution of the social determinants of health. The social determinants of health include the conditions in which people are born, grow, live, work and age, and the fundamental drivers of these conditions: the distribution of power; money; and resources. Following publication of the CSDH report and recommendations for action, the UK Government commissioned a Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England. This article provides an overview and reflection on the findings from the CSDH and the Strategic Review of Health Inequalities in England, reviewing the case for putting fairness at the heart of all policy making. In the process, it highlights the need for action on the social determinants of health in order to address health inequalities and the social gradient in health outcomes. PMID:22784581

  1. Does market competition explain fairness?

    PubMed

    Descioli, Peter

    2013-02-01

    The target article by Baumard et al. uses their previous model of bargaining with outside options to explain fairness and other features of human sociality. This theory implies that fairness judgments are determined by supply and demand but humans often perceive prices (divisions of surplus) in competitive markets to be unfair. PMID:23445585

  2. Tamponnade pricardique rvlant un lupus rythmateux systmique au cours d'une leishmaniose viscrale atypique

    PubMed Central

    Ben Brahim, Hajer; Ben Nasr, Maha; Boussaid, Hela; Kooli, Ikbel; Aouam, Abir; Toumi, Adnene; Loussaief, Chawki; Chakroun, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    L'association de leishmaniose viscrale (LV) et lupus rythmateux systmique (LES) est rare et grave. La similitude des signes cliniques peut tre responsables de difficults diagnostiques surtout quand les deux pathologies se dclarent de faon concomitante. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une malade qui avait prsent une association grave et atypique de LV et LES qui se sont dclars en mme temps. La LV tait atypique par l'absence du syndrome tumoral, de la fivre et la ngativit de la srologie leishmaniose. Le LES jusque l mconnu tait rvl par une pousse svre avec diffrentes atteintes viscrales. Lvolution tait favorable sous amphotricine-B et corticothrapie. En cas d'association des deux pathologies une surveillance particulire est ncessaire fin de diagnostiquer temps une atteinte viscrale grave du LES et dmarrer prcocement une prise en charge tiologique et symptomatique qui est le seul garant de lvolution favorable. PMID:25478044

  3. La maladie de Fanconi: à propos d'une nouvelle observation

    PubMed Central

    Es-Seddiki, Anass; Ayyad, Anass; Messouadi, Sahar; Amrani, Rim

    2015-01-01

    La maladie de Fanconi ou l'anémie de Fanconi (AF) est une maladie génétique rare à transmission autosomique récessive. Elle est marquée par une hétérogénéité phénotypique. Certains symptômes et notamment la triade classique faite d'une petite taille, d'un syndrome malformatif varié et parfois discret et d'une insuffisance médullaire d'apparition précoce, doivent faire évoquer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons le cas d'un enfant âgé de sept ans, suivi et traité pour une luxation congénitale des hanches, qui présentait une pancytopénie avec à l'examen clinique on note un faciès dysmorphique triangulaire, une duplication du pouce droit, une surélévation de l’épaule gauche et un retard staturo-pondéral. PMID:26213593

  4. The Economics of Fair Play.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sigmund, Karl; Fehr, Ernst; Nowak, Martin A.

    2002-01-01

    Reports on the field of experimental economics and speculates about why we value fairness and cooperation over the seemingly more rational selfishness. Illustrates a typical decision making situation using the Ultimatum game. (DDR)

  5. Testing Orions Fairing Separation System

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martinez, Henry; Cloutier, Chris; Lemmon, Heber; Rakes, Daniel; Oldham, Joe; Schlagel, Keith

    2014-01-01

    Traditional fairing systems are designed to fully encapsulate and protect their payload from the harsh ascent environment including acoustic vibrations, aerodynamic forces and heating. The Orion fairing separation system performs this function and more by also sharing approximately half of the vehicle structural load during ascent. This load-share condition through launch and during jettison allows for a substantial increase in mass to orbit. A series of component-level development tests were completed to evaluate and characterize each component within Orion's unique fairing separation system. Two full-scale separation tests were performed to verify system-level functionality and provide verification data. This paper summarizes the fairing spring, Pyramidal Separation Mechanism and forward seal system component-level development tests, system-level separation tests, and lessons learned.

  6. Une hanche douloureuse révélatrice d'une histiocytose osseuse multifocale

    PubMed Central

    Lahrach, Kamal; Alaoui, Adil; el Kadi, Khalid Ibn; Marzouki, Amine; Boutayeb, Fawzi

    2014-01-01

    L'histiocytose langerhansienne est une maladie rare qui touche principalement l'enfant et l'adulte jeune. Elle peut prendre plusieurs aspects, L'atteinte osseuse peut être uni- ou multifocale. Nous rapportons une observation d'histiocytose langerhansienne osseuse multifocale, révélée chez un patient âgé de 23 ans et ayant touché le col fémoral droit. La scintigraphie osseuse a permis de retrouver plusieurs localisations: l'os temporal, humérale et scapulaire droite. En raison du risque fracturaire, le patient a bénéficié d'une ostéosynthèse par vis-plaque DHS avec curetage biopsie de la lésion. L'examen histologique a révélé une histiocytose langerhansienne. L'évolution fut favorable après chimiothérapie par voie générale. PMID:25018840

  7. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2014: FAIR Next Generation ScientistS 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    2015-04-01

    FAIRNESS 2014 was the third edition in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on September 22-27 2014 in Vietri sul Mare, Italy. The topics of the workshops cover a wide range of aspects in both theoretical developments and current experimental status, concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference is to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permanent position to present their work, to foster active informal discussions and build up of networks. Every participant in the meeting with the exception of the organizers gives an oral presentation, and all sessions are followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks, questions are anonymously collected in a box to stimulate discussions. The broad physics program at FAIR is reflected in the wide range of topics covered by the workshop: • Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point • Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions • Hadron Spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei • New developments in atomic and plasma physics • Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NUSTAR, APPA and related experiments For each of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2014 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of research that is dedicated to the physics at FAIR. February 2015, Organizers of FAIRNESS 2014: Marco Destefanis, Tetyana Galatyuk, Fernando Montes, Diana Nicmorus, Hannah Petersen, Claudia Ratti, Laura Tolos, and Sascha Vogel. Support for holding the conference was provided by: Conference photograph

  8. Optical demonstrations though science fairs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gregory, G. Groot; Biss, David P.; Darnell, Barbara

    2010-08-01

    The New England Section of the Optical Society of America (NES/OSA), founded in 1949, provides programming for the promotion of science and optics education. In recent years, the NES/OSA has combined funding to provide demonstrations during the Massachusetts Science Fairs for Middle and High School age groups and award prizes to the winners. This funding is supplied from the Section's operating budget, along with grants from the Optical Society of America (OSA). NES/OSA attends two annual science fairs comprised of the statewide finalists from 6 regional competitions. During these fairs, NES/OSA members conduct optics demonstrations using the Section's "Optics Suitcases". This talk will outline the NES/OSA's outreach program, some of the demonstrations and results.

  9. Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

    This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,

  10. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a fair hearing? A fair hearing is a...

  11. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a fair hearing? A fair hearing is a...

  12. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a fair hearing? A fair hearing is a...

  13. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a fair hearing? A fair hearing is a...

  14. Fair Textbooks: A Resource Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Commission on Civil Rights, Washington, DC.

    This guide was compiled in response to the need for a centralized system to catalogue resources designed to promote greater fairness in public school education. Part I, Materials Resources, includes sections on research, special issues, textbook evaluation instruments, nonprint materials, resource lists, and bibliographies. Part II, Procedural

  15. How "Fair" Should TV Be?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hentoff, Nat

    1974-01-01

    The "Fairness Doctrine" amendment to the 1934 Communications Act has had a negative impact on radio and television broadcasting in the United States. While the amendment was intended to prevent the nation's airwaves from monopolization by individuals or groups with specific interests or viewpoints, it has, in fact, restrained freedom of

  16. A Kinder-Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

    2007-01-01

    A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.

  17. Science Fair Projects: The Environment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

    This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured

  18. University--Science Fair Partnership.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tallman, Erika; Taylor, Karen

    1997-01-01

    Describes a partnership between a fifth-grade teacher and a university methods professor that involved developing an elementary science fair project mentored by university students. Provides opportunities for elementary students to conduct scientific investigations to learn about science, and opportunities for education majors to have firsthand

  19. Affirmative Action: Is it Fair?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dworkin, Ronald

    2000-01-01

    Addresses the fairness of affirmative action, suggesting it will be unfortunate if the Supreme Court reverses its ruling, because dramatic evidence of its value in elite higher education has just become available. After discussing legal rulings, the paper concludes that affirmative action makes the eventual economic and social structure of…

  20. See You at the Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brazil, Colleen; LaBorde, Pamela

    1997-01-01

    Describes efforts by the Redmond Library (Washington) to reach out to the senior citizen population by planning an all-day Senior Fair. Transportation, refreshments, an overview of library materials and services including Internet access, tours of the library, craft programs, participation by community groups, and funding are discussed. Sidebar

  1. Children's Concepts of Fair Sharing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Huntsman, Robert W.

    1984-01-01

    The Damon hierarchy of development of children's sense of positive justice is examined for its usefulness in predicting fairness in behavior and reliability in age patterning of its stated levels of reasoning. The hierarchy's value as a developmental schedule for teacher guidance may be questionable. (Author)

  2. Evolutionary dynamics of group fairness.

    PubMed

    Santos, Fernando P; Santos, Francisco C; Paiva, Ana; Pacheco, Jorge M

    2015-08-01

    The emergence and impact of fairness is commonly studied in the context of 2-person games, notably the Ultimatum Game. Often, however, humans face problems of collective action involving more than two individuals where fairness is known to play a very important role, and whose dynamics cannot be inferred from what is known from 2-person games. Here, we propose a generalization of the Ultimatum Game for an arbitrary number of players--the Multiplayer Ultimatum Game. Proposals are made to a group of responders who must individually reject or accept the proposal. If the total number of individual acceptances stands below a given threshold, the offer will be rejected; otherwise, the offer will be accepted, and equally shared by all responders. We investigate the evolution of fairness in populations of individuals by means of evolutionary game theory, providing both analytical insights and results from numerical simulations. We show how imposing stringent consensuses significantly increases the value of the proposals, leading to fairer outcomes and more tolerant players. Furthermore, we show how stochastic effects--such as imitation errors and/or errors when assessing the fitness of others--may further enhance the overall success in reaching fair collective action. PMID:25936348

  3. A Career Course and Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zechmeister, Eugene B.; Helkowski, Camille

    2001-01-01

    Describes a psychology career course that educated undergraduate psychology majors about the possible careers one can pursue with a master's degree. Explains that each student researched a career and prepared an extensive portfolio on the career. States that the students also participated in a career fair. (CMK)

  4. Dissection & Science Fairs. [Information Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

    This collection of pamphlets and articles reprinted from other National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) publications was compiled to address the issues of classroom laboratory dissection and the use of animals in science fair projects. Three of the pamphlets contained in this packet are student handbooks designed to help students of elementary,…

  5. Selected Bibliography on Fair Employment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Washington, DC.

    This select bibliography lists books, government documents, journal articles, monographs and legal citations about fair employment. The majority of entries relate to the employee selection and testing process and its ramifications. Titles are organized by topic: guidelines and standards, statistics, selection, legal aspects of testing, overviews

  6. Restauration adaptative des contours par une approche inspiree de la prediction des performances

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rousseau, Kami

    En teledetection, les cartes de contours peuvent servir, entre autres choses, a la restitution geometrique, a la recherche d'elements lineaires, ainsi qu'a la segmentation. La creation de ces cartes est faite relativement tot dans la chaine de traitements d'une image. Pour assurer la qualite des operations subsequentes, il faut veiller a obtenir une carte de contours precise. Notre problematique est de savoir s'il est possible de diminuer la perte de temps liee au choix d'algorithme et de parametre en corrigeant automatiquement la carte de contours. Nous concentrerons donc nos efforts sur le developpement d'une methode de detection/restauration de contours adaptative. Notre methode s'inspire d'une technique de prediction des performances d'algorithmes de bas niveau. Elle consiste a integrer un traitement par reseau de neurones a une methode " classique " de detection de contours. Plus precisement, nous proposons de combiner la carte de performances avec la carte de gradient pour permettre des decisions plus exactes. La presente etude a permis de developper un logiciel comprenant un reseau de neurones entraine pour predire la presence de contours. Ce reseau de neurones permet d'ameliorer les decisions de detecteurs de contours, en reduisant le nombre de pixels de fausses alarmes et de contours manques. La premiere etape de ce travail consiste en une methode d'evaluation de performance pour les cartes de contours. Une fois ce choix effectue, il devient possible de comparer les cartes entre elles. Il est donc plus aise de determiner, pour chaque image, la meilleure detection de contours. La revue de la litterature realisee simultanement a permis de faire un choix d'un groupe d'indicateurs prometteurs pour la restauration de contours. Ces derniers ont servi a la calibration et a l'entrainement d'un reseau de neurones pour modeliser les contours. Par la suite, l'information fournie par ce reseau a ete combinee par multiplication arithmetique avec les cartes d'amplitudes de detecteurs " classiques " afin de fournir de nouvelles cartes d'amplitude du gradient. Le seuillage de ces contours donne des cartes de contours " optimisees ". Sur les images aeroportees du jeu de donnees South Florida, la mediane des mesures-F de la pour l'algorithme de Sobel passe de 51,3 % avant la fusion a 56,4 % apres. La mediane des mesures-F pour l'algorithme de Kirsch ameliore est de 56,3 % et celle de Frei-Chen ameliore est de 56,3 %. Pour l'algorithme de Sobel avec seuillage adaptatif, la mesure-F mediane est de 52,3 % avant fusion et de 57,2 % apres fusion. En guise de comparaison, la mesure-F mediane pour le detecteur de Moon, mathematiquement optimal pour contours de type " rampe ", est de 53,3 % et celle de l'algorithme de Canny, est de 61,1 %. L'applicabilite de notre algorithme se limite aux images qui, apres filtrage, ont un rapport signal sur bruit superieur ou egal a 20. Sur les photos au sol du jeu de donnees de South Florida, les resultats sont comparables a ceux obtenus sur les images aeroportees. Par contre, sur le jeu de donnees de Berkeley, les resultats n'ont pas ete concluants. Sur une imagette IKONOS du campus de l'Universite de Sherbrooke, pour l'algorithme de Sobel, la mesure-F est de 45,7 % +/-0,9 % avant la fusion et de 50,8 % apres. Sur une imagette IKONOS de l'Agence Spatiale Canadienne, pour l'algorithme de Sobel avec seuillage adaptatif, la mesure-F est de 35,4 % +/-0,9 % avant la fusion et de 42,2 % apres. Sur cette meme image, l'algorithme de Argyle (Canny sans post-traitement) a une mesure-F de 35,1 % +/-0,9 % avant fusion et de 39,5 % apres. Nos travaux ont permis d'ameliorer la banque d'indicateurs de Chalmond, rendant possible le pretraitement avant le seuillage de la carte de gradient. A chaque etape, nous proposons un choix de parametres permettant d'utiliser efficacement la methode proposee. Les contours corriges sont plus fins, plus complets et mieux localises que les contours originaux. Une etude de sensibilite a ete effectuee et permet de mieux comprendre la contribution de chaque indicateur. L'efficacite de l'outil developpe est comparable a celle d'autres methodes de detection de contours et en fait un choix interessant pour la detection de contours. Les differences de qualite observees entre notre methode et celle de Canny semble etre dues a l'utilisation, ou non, de post-traitements. Grace au logiciel developpe, il est possible de reutiliser la methodologie; cette derniere a permis d'operationnaliser la methode proposee. La possibilite de reutiliser le filtre, sans reentrainement est interessante. La simplicite du parametrage lors de l'utilisation est aussi un avantage. Ces deux facteurs repondent a un besoin de reduire le temps d'utilisation du logiciel. Mots-cles: detection de signal adaptative, caracterisation des performances, reseaux de neurones, imagerie panchromatique, analyse de contours.

  7. Une angiocholite secondaire à un thrombus tumoral d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive du foie

    PubMed Central

    Baba, Hicham; Allaoui, Mohamed; Elfahssi, Mohammed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Oukabli, Mohamed; Sair, Khalid; Zentar, Aziz

    2015-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas exceptionnel d'une patiente de 54 ans prise en charge pour une angiocholite due à un thrombus tumoral, d'une tumeur neuroendocrine primitive (TNE Ive) du foie, dans la voie biliaire principale. PMID:26966504

  8. Fiches pratiques: Nouvelles histoires de modes; Pour se faire une tartine; Le Texte litteraire: "Decouverte" de Guy de Maupassant; Un Regiment dans un nuage (Practical Ideas: New Approaches to Grammatical Mood; How to Make Oneself Bread and Jam; The Literary Text: "Discovered" by Guy de Maupassant; A Regiment in a Cloud).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saraceni, Luisa; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Four activities are offered for French second-language classroom use: an exercise to aid comprehension of indicative and subjunctive mood; a lesson in making bread and jam, designed for young children; a study of narration within a novel, using a Guy de Maupassant story; and an exercise in discourse analysis. (MSE)

  9. Collector ring project at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolinskii, A.; Berkaev, D.; Blell, U.; Dimopoulou, C.; Gorda, O.; Leibrock, H.; Litvinov, S.; Laier, U.; Koop, I.; Schurig, I.; Starostenko, A.; Shatunov, P.; Weinrich, U.

    2015-11-01

    The collector ring is a dedicated ring for fast cooling of ions coming from separators at the FAIR project. To accommodate optimal technical solutions, a structure of a magnet lattice was recently reviewed and modified. Consequently, more appropriate technical solutions for the main magnets could be adopted. A general layout and design of the present machine is shown. The demanding extraction schemes have been detailed and open design issues were completed.

  10. Tumeur stromale du mésentère: une cause inhabituelle d'une masse abdominale

    PubMed Central

    Tarchouli, Mohamed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Boudhas, Adil; Ratbi, Moulay Brahim; Ndjota, Bobby Nguele; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales (GIST) sont les tumeurs mésenchymateuses les plus fréquentes du tractus digestif. Elles représentent une entité nosologique individualisée depuis la découverte de l'expression quasi-constante de la protéine c-Kit détectée par la coloration immunohistochimique de l'antigène CD117. Des tumeurs avec les mêmes caractéristiques morphologiques et immuno-phénotypiques peuvent rarement apparaître en dehors du tractus gastro-intestinal. Nous rapportons le cas d'une jeune patiente de 34 ans présentant une masse tumorale mésentérique se révélant être de nature stromale sans aucun contact avec la paroi intestinale. Il s'agit d'une localisation très rare des tumeurs stromales à laquelle il faut penser en préopératoire afin d'avoir une conduite thérapeutique adaptée et efficace. PMID:26327998

  11. Children develop a veil of fairness.

    PubMed

    Shaw, Alex; Montinari, Natalia; Piovesan, Marco; Olson, Kristina R; Gino, Francesca; Norton, Michael I

    2014-02-01

    Previous research suggests that children develop an increasing concern with fairness over the course of development. Research with adults suggests that the concern with fairness has at least 2 distinct components: a desire to be fair and a desire to signal to others that they are fair. We explore whether children's developing concern with behaving fairly toward others may in part reflect a developing concern with appearing fair to others. In Experiments 1 and 2, most 6- to 8-year-old children behaved fairly toward others when an experimenter was aware of their choices; fewer children opted to behave fairly, however, when they could be unfair to others yet appear fair to the experimenter. In Experiment 3, we explored the development of this concern with appearing fair by using a wider age range (6- to 11-year-olds) and a different method. In this experiment, children chose how to assign a good or bad prize to themselves and another participant by either unilaterally deciding who would get each prize or using a fair procedure--flipping a coin in private. Older children were much more likely to flip the coin than younger children, yet were just as likely as younger children to assign themselves the good prize by reporting winning the coin flip more than chance would dictate. Overall, the results of these experiments suggest that as children grow older they become increasingly concerned with appearing fair to others, which may explain some of their increased tendency to behave fairly. PMID:23317084

  12. A Reaction to Fairness in Dealing: Diversity, Psychology and Mathematics Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cossey, Ruth

    This paper is a reaction to a plenary address, "Fairness in Dealing: Diversity, Psychology, and Mathematics Education" by Suzanne Damarin (SE 057 179). Discussed are the importance of language in the repackaging of equity into the construct of fairness in dealing, the role of liberal feminism, race and ethnicity, physically structured

  13. Mylome multiple survenant au cours d'une Fivre Mditerranenne Familiale

    PubMed Central

    Salem, Bouomrani; Afef, Farah; Nadia, Bouassida; Nabil, Ayadi; Zouhir, Bahloul; Maher, Bji

    2013-01-01

    L'objectif de ce travail est de rapporter une observation particulire de mylome multiple survenant au cours d'une maladie priodique. Il s'agit d'un patient tunisien de 53 ans suivi depuis le jeune ge pour maladie priodique dont le diagnostic tait confirm par ltude gntique montrant l'homozygotie pour la mutation M694V du gne MEFV, fut admis pour exploration d'une douleur avec tumfaction fessire droite rcente. Les explorations biologiques et radiologiques ont permis de retenir le diagnostic d'un mylome multiple de type IgA chanes lgres kappa stade III B, associ une volumineuse localisation plasmocytaire trs agressive de l'aile iliaque droite envahissant les structures musculaires avoisinantes. Notre observation, qui notre connaissance est la deuxime signalant une telle association, se distingue par sa survenue brutale, sa progression rapide et le caractre trs agressif de l'hmopathie. PMID:24255729

  14. Fairness and Using Reflective Journals in Assessment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Clarkeburn, Henriikka; Kettula, Kirsi

    2012-01-01

    This study looks at the fairness of assessing learning journals both as the fairness in creating a valid and robust marking process as well as how different student groups may have unfair disadvantages in performing well in reflective assessment tasks. The fairness of a marking process is discussed through reflecting on the practical process and

  15. 7 CFR 51.1870 - Fairly smooth.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly smooth. 51.1870 Section 51.1870 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing... Standards for Fresh Tomatoes 1 Definitions 51.1870 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the tomato...

  16. Test Fairness and Toulmin's Argument Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunnan, Antony John

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the author's response to Xiaoming Xi's article titled "How do we go about investigating test fairness?" In this response, the author focuses on test fairness and Toulmin's model of argument structure, Xi's proposal, and the challenges the proposal brings. Xi proposes an approach to investigating test fairness to guide

  17. Inside the Science Fair: The Judge's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter; Zambo, Ron

    2011-01-01

    Science fair judges provide secrets to a successful science fair. Whether students are competing in science fairs at the high school, local, district, regional, state, or international level, their success is dependent on the judges' interpretation of their work. In this article, the authors present a series of questions and answers from past

  18. A Science Fair Companion. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCann, Wendy Sherman

    This digest comments on various aspects of school science fairs. General expectations for science fair projects and participants are discussed, and tips for choosing a topic and completing a project are given. Organizational strategies for teachers charged with conducting science fairs are presented. Guidelines for parents in helping children with

  19. Test Fairness and Toulmin's Argument Structure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunnan, Antony John

    2010-01-01

    This paper presents the author's response to Xiaoming Xi's article titled "How do we go about investigating test fairness?" In this response, the author focuses on test fairness and Toulmin's model of argument structure, Xi's proposal, and the challenges the proposal brings. Xi proposes an approach to investigating test fairness to guide…

  20. 75 FR 26271 - Fair Housing Initiatives Program

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Fair Housing Initiatives Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information Officer, HUD... receive funds under the Fair Housing Initiatives Program and carry our fair housing enforcement...

  1. Playing Fair: An Essential Element in Contracting

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peeler, Tom

    2012-01-01

    Playing fair has a value with which people are all familiar. From the sandboxes of childhood and the competitive sports of youth to the business transactions of adulthood, people have been told how important it is to play fair. Playing fair in contracting is not only essential, it's the legal and ethical thing to do. In this article, the author

  2. Inside the Science Fair: The Judge's Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter; Zambo, Ron

    2011-01-01

    Science fair judges provide secrets to a successful science fair. Whether students are competing in science fairs at the high school, local, district, regional, state, or international level, their success is dependent on the judges' interpretation of their work. In this article, the authors present a series of questions and answers from past…

  3. Fairness and dynamic pricing: comments

    SciTech Connect

    Hogan, William W.

    2010-07-15

    In ''The Ethics of Dynamic Pricing,'' Ahmad Faruqui lays out a case for improved efficiency in using dynamic prices for retail electricity tariffs and addresses various issues about the distributional effects of alternative pricing mechanisms. The principal contrast is between flat or nearly constant energy prices and time-varying prices that reflect more closely the marginal costs of energy and capacity. The related issues of fairness criteria, contracts, risk allocation, cost allocation, means testing, real-time pricing, and ethical policies of electricity market design also must be considered. (author)

  4. Le pronostic statural aprs une pseudo-pubert prcoce par dficit en 11 hydroxylase chez une fille de 7 ans: propos d'un cas avec revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Latrech, Hanane; Gaouzi, Ahmed

    2015-01-01

    L'hyperplasie congnitale des surrnales par dficit en 11 hydroxylase se voit dans 5 10% des cas et est diagnostique, habituellement, devant des signes de virilisation d'un nouveau n ou d'un ftus 46 XX et plus tard devant une HTA avec une hypokalimie. Le pronostic de taille chez ces patients est trs souvent compromis. Nous rapportons le cas d'un dficit en 11 hydroxylase chez une enfant ge de 7 ans rvl par une pseudo- pubert prcoce traite par hydrocortisone. La survenue d'une pubert prcoce centrale complique encore plus la situation par la mise en jeu du pronostic de taille finale et ncessitant une prise en charge thrapeutique particulire. PMID:26113905

  5. 75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-26

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan... forms to describe their intent for marketing to ensure that they meet the Fair Housing...

  6. Vers une mmoire quantique atomique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cviklinski, J.; Villa, F.; Dantan, A.; Bramati, A.; Giacobino, E.; Pinard, M.

    2006-10-01

    Nous prsentons une exprience en cours de ralisation dont le principe est d'utiliser un nuage d'atomes froids de csium pour stocker un tat non classique du champ lectromagntique dans les composantes du spin collectif des atomes, dans leur tat fondamental. Nous dcrivons le dispositif permettant de raliser cette exprience: pige sombre et source de vide comprim 852?nm.

  7. Une cause rare de plexopathie brachiale: une metastase d'un cancer du sein

    PubMed Central

    Maroufi, Mustapha; Kamaoui, Imane; Boubbou, Meriem; Sqalli, Nadia; Tizniti, Siham

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente de 50 ans ayant une histoire de cancer du sein et qui accuse une symptomatologie d'atteinte du plexus brachial. L'IRM montre une masse qui envahie le plexus brachial compatible avec une mtastase. L'IRM est trs utile pour le diagnostic et l'orientation thrapeutique des plexopathies brachiales chez les femmes prsentant un cancer du sein PMID:25360196

  8. The PANDA experiment at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Destefanis, M.

    2013-12-01

    The PANDA (antiProton ANnihilation at DArmstadt) experiment is one of the major projects in preparation at the upcoming FAIR facility in Darmstadt, Germany. It will study interactions between antiprotons and protons or nuclei in the momentum range from 1.5 GeV/c to 15 GeV/c. The PANDA scientific program will address a wide range of topics, all aiming at improving our understanding of the strong interaction and hadron structure. The PANDA detector is a general-purpose spectrometer that will collect high quality and high statistics data in the fields of meson spectroscopy, baryon-antibaryon production, baryon spectroscopy, hypernuclear physics, hadron properties in the nuclear medium, and nucleon structure. This paper reviews some of the main physics topics of the experiment, together with a presentation of the detector.

  9. Science Fairs for Science Literacy

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mackey, K. R.

    2014-12-01

    Science literacy is imperative for well informed civic and personal decision making, yet only a quarter of American adults are proficient enough in science to understand science stories reported in the popular press. Hands-on research increases confidence in and understanding of science. When guiding students in designing and conducting science fair projects, mentors can foster science literacy by helping students focus on three goals: (1) articulating hypotheses or questions, (2) designing feasible projects, and (3) learning to make and interpret graphs. These objectives introduce students to the methodological nature of scientific research and give them the tools to interpret scientific facts and data in order to make informed decisions for themselves and society.

  10. Nuclation, ascension et clatement d'une bulle de champagne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Liger-Belair, G.

    2006-03-01

    People have long been fascinated by bubbles and foams dynamics, and since the pioneering work of Leonardo da Vinci in the early 16th century, this subject has generated a huge bibliography. However, only quite recently, much interest was devoted to bubbles in Champagne wines and carbonated beverages. Since the time of the benedictine monk dom Pierre Perignon (1638-1715), champagne is the wine of celebration. This fame is largely linked to the elegance of its effervescence and foaming properties. In this book, the latest results about the chemical physics behind the bubbling properties of Champagne and sparkling wines are collected and fully illustrated. The first chapter is devoted to the history of champagne and to a presentation of the tools of the physical chemistry of interfaces needed for a whole comprehension of the book. Then, the three main steps of a fleeting champagne bubble's life are presented in chronological order, that is, the bubble nucleation on the glass wall (Chap.2), the bubble ascent and growth through the liquid matrix (Chap.3), and the bursting of bubbles at the liquid surface (Chap.4), which constitutes the most intriguing, functional, and visually appealing step. L'objectif gnral de ce travail consacr l'tude des processus physicochimiques lis l'effervescence des vins de Champagne tait de dcortiquer les diffrentes tapes de la vie d'une bulle de champagne en conditions relles de consommation, dans une flte. Nous rsumons ci-aprs les principaux rsultats obtenus pour chacune des tapes de la vie de la bulle, depuis sa naissance sur les parois d'une flte, jusqu' son clatement en surface. Nuclation l'aide d'une camra rapide munie d'un objectif de microscope, nous avons pu mettre mal une ide largement rpandue. Ce ne sont pas les anfractuosits de la surface du verre ou de la flte qui sont responsable de la nuclation htrogne des bulles, mais des particules adsorbes sur les parois du verre ou de la flte. Dans la majorit des cas, il s'agit de fibres de cellulose creuses dont les proprits gomtriques permettent le pigeage d'une poche d'air en leur sein au moment du versement. Un modle de pigeage a t construit et met en avant le rle fondamental jou par la vitesse du versement. Plus cette vitesse augmente, plus on augmente la probabilit de piger des poches d'air au sein de ces fibres, provoquant ainsi une effervescence plus importante. La dynamique de production des bulles a galement t filme in situ l'aide de la camra, puis modlise en utilisant les quations de la diffusion adaptes la gomtrie de notre fibre suppose approximativement cylindrique. Nous avons montr que le temps caractristique de production d'une bulle par la fibre est largement gouvern par la croissance de cette petite poche de gaz par diffusion du CO{2} dissous vers la poche. Nous avons dmontr que la convection du liquide joue un rle essentiel lors du transfert de masse du CO{2} dissous vers la poche. En effet, un modle purement diffusif ne permet pas du tout de reproduire la dynamique de croissance exprimentale de ces poches de gaz piges au cur des fibres. Nous avons galement pu mettre en vidence des changements spectaculaires dans la dynamique de bullage de certains sites de nuclation suivis au cours du temps pendant le processus de dgazage. Ces observations font de la fibre de cellulose immerge dans le champagne le plus petit systme de bullage non-linaire observ ce jour. Dynamique ascensionnelle Pour mesurer la vitesse d'une bulle tout au long de son trajet vers la surface libre du champagne, nous avons tir profit de la production rptitive de bulles au niveau des sites de nuclation. Par la mise en place d'un dispositif exprimental simple qui associe une lumire stroboscopique et un appareil photographique muni de bagues macros, nous avons pu accder l'observation fine des trains de bulles ainsi qu' la dtermination de la vitesse ascensionnelle des bulles. Les mesures exprimentales du rayon et de la vitesse d'une bulle nous ont permis de dterminer le coefficient de trane d'une bulle montante qui constitue une mesure indirecte de son tat de surface en termes de mobilit interfaciale. Ces mesures nous ont montr que l'interface d'une bulle de champagne conserve une grande mobilit interfaciale pendant sa phase ascensionnelle, la diffrence des bulles de taille fixe qui montent dans une solution de macromolcules tensioactives. C'est la faible dilution du champagne en macromolcules tensioactives et le grossissement continu des bulles pendant l'ascension qui assurent aux bulles une faible contamination de leur interface. Pour comparaison, nous avons ralis le mme type de mesures sur des bulles de bire. Le contenu en macromolcules tensioactives tant beaucoup plus important dans une bire, l'effet de dilution du matriel tensioactif la surface des bulles li l'accroissement de la surface des bulles ne compense plus l'adsorption massive des tensioactifs la surface des bulles. Contrairement aux bulles du champagne, les bulles de bire adoptent vite un comportement de type sphre rigide. Nous avons galement discut l'influence relative de certains paramtres sur la taille des bulles lorsqu'elles parviennent en surface. Il a notamment t montr que le rle thorique jou par la temprature du champagne sur la taille des bulles est quasiment ngligeable. Pour finir, nous avons propos d'essayer de faire du train de bulles une sorte d'empreinte digitale du liquide effervescent dans lequel il volue en analysant la dynamique ascensionnelle des bulles via la mesure de leur coefficient de frottement. Nous avons pu diffrencier ce jour par cette mthode trois grandes familles de boissons gazeuses : les vins effervescents au sens large (champagne compris), les bires et les eaux gazeuses. clatement En utilisant les techniques classiques de la macrophotographie, nous avons obtenu des instantans de la situation qui suit immdiatement la rupture du mince film liquide qui constitue la partie merge d'une bulle isole en surface. Nous avons ainsi pu mettre en vidence l'existence des jets de liquide engendrs par les clatements de bulle, et leur rupture en gouttelettes suite au dveloppement trs rapide de l'instabilit de Rayleigh-Plateau. En faisant un parallle lgitime entre le ptillement des bulles la surface du champagne et le ptillement de l'ocan, nous avons mis l'ide que les gouttelettes de jet taient beaucoup plus concentres en matriel tensioactif (et potentiellement aromatique) que le cur de phase du liquide. Il semble donc que l'clatement de bulles joue un rle essentiel dans l'effet exhausteur d'armes au cours de la dgustation d'un champagne. Pendant les quelques secondes qui suivent le versement du champagne dans la flte, nous avons galement ralis des clichs macrophotographiques et des films haute vitesse d'clatements de bulles en monocouche (ou radeau de bulles). Les premiers rsultats de ces observations font apparatre des dformations spectaculaires dans le film liquide des bulles premires voisines littralement aspires par succion capillaire dans la cavit laisse vacante par la bulle centrale en train d'clater. Ces premires images suggrent des contraintes, dans le mince film des bulles dformes, trs suprieures celles qui existent dans le sillage d'une bulle isole qui clate. Nous avons galement pu mettre en vidence des diffrences structurales entre les jets de liquide qui suivent l'clatement des bulles isoles et celles qui clatent dans un radeau de bulles.

  11. Le kyste hydatique du cordon spermatique: une localisation exceptionnelle

    PubMed Central

    Hamdane, Mohamed Moncef; Bougrine, Fethi; Msakni, Issam; Dhaoui-Ghozzi, Amen; Bouziani, Ammar

    2011-01-01

    L’ hydatidose est une anthropo-zoonose due au développement chez l'homme de la forme larvaire du taenia Echinococcus granulosis. La plupart des kystes hydatiques se localisent dans le foie et les poumons. Le kyste hydatique du cordon spermatique est extrêmement rare avec seulement 4 cas rapportés dans la littérature. Les auteurs rapportent dans cet article un nouveau cas d'hydatidose du cordon spermatique. Il s'agissait d'un homme de 40 ans qui consultait pour des douleurs scrotales évoluant depuis huit mois. L'examen clinique a mis en évidence une tuméfaction mobile, inguino-scrotale, droite. L’échographie testiculaire a objectivé une hernie inguinale droite associée à deux kystes épididymaires bilatéraux. Le patient a été opéré pour cure de son hernie avec découverte en per-opératoire d'un kyste du cordon spermatique qui a été réséqué. L'examen anatomopathologique a conclu à une hydatidose du cordon spermatique. PMID:22384304

  12. Une cause rare de dysurie chez la femme : le liomyome de lurtre et du col vsical

    PubMed Central

    Benazzouz, Mohamed Hicham; Laadam, Karima; Essatara, Younes; Sayegh, Hachem El; Iken, Ali; Benslimane, Lounis; Jahid, Ahmed; Nouini, Yassine

    2014-01-01

    Rsum Le liomyome de lurtre est une tumeur bnigne rare constitue de tissus musculaires lisses. Cette tumeur se traduit par une varit de signes cliniques ; le recours lhistologie est donc ncessaire pour poser le diagnostic. Le traitement de choix est lexrse chirurgicale. Aucun cas de dgnrescence maligne na t signal jusqu prsent, mais une rcidive locale est possible en cas dexrse incomplte. Les auteurs font tat dun nouveau cas de liomyome intressant la fois le col vsical et lurtre, et se traduisant par la dysurie chez une patiente ; ils proposent galement une revue de la littrature concernant cette pathologie. PMID:25553165

  13. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does...

  14. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Definitions § 51.772 Fairly smooth texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does...

  15. Fairness and the development of inequality acceptance.

    PubMed

    Alms, Ingvild; Cappelen, Alexander W; Srensen, Erik ; Tungodden, Bertil

    2010-05-28

    Fairness considerations fundamentally affect human behavior, but our understanding of the nature and development of people's fairness preferences is limited. The dictator game has been the standard experimental design for studying fairness preferences, but it only captures a situation where there is broad agreement that fairness requires equality. In real life, people often disagree on what is fair because they disagree on whether individual achievements, luck, and efficiency considerations of what maximizes total benefits can justify inequalities. We modified the dictator game to capture these features and studied how inequality acceptance develops in adolescence. We found that as children enter adolescence, they increasingly view inequalities reflecting differences in individual achievements, but not luck, as fair, whereas efficiency considerations mainly play a role in late adolescence. PMID:20508132

  16. The ontogeny of fairness in seven societies.

    PubMed

    Blake, P R; McAuliffe, K; Corbit, J; Callaghan, T C; Barry, O; Bowie, A; Kleutsch, L; Kramer, K L; Ross, E; Vongsachang, H; Wrangham, R; Warneken, F

    2015-12-10

    A sense of fairness plays a critical role in supporting human cooperation. Adult norms of fair resource sharing vary widely across societies, suggesting that culture shapes the acquisition of fairness behaviour during childhood. Here we examine how fairness behaviour develops in children from seven diverse societies, testing children from 4 to 15 years of age (n = 866 pairs) in a standardized resource decision task. We measured two key aspects of fairness decisions: disadvantageous inequity aversion (peer receives more than self) and advantageous inequity aversion (self receives more than a peer). We show that disadvantageous inequity aversion emerged across all populations by middle childhood. By contrast, advantageous inequity aversion was more variable, emerging in three populations and only later in development. We discuss these findings in relation to questions about the universality and cultural specificity of human fairness. PMID:26580018

  17. Eviscration transanale de l'intestin grle chez l'enfant secondaire une contusion de l'abdomen: propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    B, Papa Abdoulaye; Soumah, Skou Amadou; Diop, Balla; Traor, Mamadou Mour; Mahdi, Charfi; Mbaye, Elhadji Malick; Fall, Babacar

    2011-01-01

    Lviscration transanale de l'intestin grle au cours d'un traumatisme ferm de l'abdomen est une situation exceptionnelle. Nous rapportons le cas d'une fille de 7 ans, reue pour un tat de choc hmorragique avec une viscration transanale de l'intestin grle suite une contusion de l'abdomen. Ce tableau clinique est survenu au dcours d'un accident de la circulation. La laparotomie exploratrice permettait de dcouvrir une plaie longitudinale de la face antrieure du rectum, situe au dessus de la rflexion pritonale, travers laquelle passaient les anses grles. Une suture de la plaie rectale associe une ilostomie double aprs rsection du grle viscr et un drainage du cul-de-sac de Douglas ont t raliss. L'enfant est dcd en postopratoire prcoce. A travers cette observation, les auteurs se proposent de revoir les cas prcdemment dcrits et de discuter les options thrapeutiques. PMID:22384296

  18. 19 CFR 147.44 - Entry for another fair.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Disposition of Articles Entered for Fairs § 147.44 Entry for another fair. Articles entered for a fair which are to be entered for another fair under the provisions of this part... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Entry for another fair. 147.44 Section...

  19. Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kadooka, M.; Meech, K. J.

    2004-11-01

    Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF workshops from 1999, these teachers in 2003 were trained to do observing plans to obtain telescope images, use image processing software MIRA for photometry, and produce light curves of variable stars and extrasolar planet transits. Others used the software Astrometrica to do astrometry of Kuiper Belt Objects. Using Compaq laptop computers on long term loan, our teachers mentored their students for astronomy projects during the 2003-2004 school year with the assistance of IfA astronomers and graduate students. Observing plans for images from the 31 inch Lowell Telescope in Arizona and the 2.2 meter UH telescope at Mauna Kea Observatory were followed. Students had to learn about variables such as exposure time, magnitude, frequency requirements, and ephemeris. The many iterations were time consuming and demanded patience and perseverance. Poor weather conditions exposed the students to the realities of astronomy research, so they experienced the highs of successful projects. Future projects will be related to the UH NAI team research using the 2.0 meter Faulkes Telescope located on Haleakala on island of Maui. The TOPS program is funded by National Science Foundation.

  20. The NUSTAR project at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Nilsson, Thomas; for the NUSTAR collaboration

    2015-11-01

    The FAIR facility, under construction at the GSI site in Darmstadt, will be addressing a wealth of outstanding questions within the realm of subatomic, atomic, plasma, bio-physics and applications through a combination of novel accelerators, storage rings and innovative experimental set-ups. One of the key installations is the fragment separator Super-FRS that will be able to deliver an unprecedented range of radioactive ion beams in the energy range of 0–1.5 GeV u‑1. These beams will be distributed to three branches, each with its unique domain with respect to beam energies and properties. The high-energy branch will permit reactions with radioactive beams at relativistic energies, whereas the low-energy branch will supply decelerated beams for high-resolution spectroscopy, traps and laser spectroscopy. Finally, the ring branch will uniquely permit stored and cooled exotic beams for a range of methods only possible in a storage ring. Thus, by developing experimental set-ups tailored for these beams, there are several complementary possibilities to gain information on key nuclei and reaction, to further our understanding on contemporary questions within nuclear structure and nuclear astrophysics. This ambitious programme is to be exploited within the nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions collaboration.

  1. Elementary school teachers and successful science fairs

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cook, Helen Mounce

    The purpose of this research was to examine the knowledge, skills and attitudes of elementary school teachers who have led their students to successful experiences in science fairs. Six research questions guided the study: (1) What knowledge, skills and attitudes do the five selected elementary school teachers draw upon to enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? (2) How do the five selected elementary school teachers enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? (3) Why are the five selected elementary school teachers capable of enabling their students to have a successful science fair experience? (4) How do the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the five selected elementary school teachers compare to the knowledge, skills and attitudes that the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996) recommend for science teachers? (5) What are the commonalities in the knowledge, skills and attitudes among the five selected elementary school teachers who enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? (6) What are the differences in the knowledge, skills and attitudes among the five selected elementary school teachers who enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? A qualitative multiple-case research design was used to focus on five elementary school teachers who have a history of leading their students to successful experiences in science fairs. Data sources included classroom observations, formal and informal interviews, focus groups, science fair visitations and perusal of documents related to the teachers' science fair preparation of their students. In addition, questionnaires were given to the teachers and their students assessing their views about science and science fairs. A cross-case analysis revealed that the teachers had become knowledgeable about science fairs and science by non-traditional means including attending staff development workshops, traveling and reading about science and science fairs. Their practice matched well with the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996). All of the teachers displayed positive attitudes toward science and science fairs. There appeared to be a relationship between completing a science fair project at school and very positive attitudes toward science fairs and science. The five teachers had more commonalities than differences in their knowledge base, their skills and their attitudes.

  2. Approche au diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque chez les patients ayant une faible densité minérale osseuse ou des fractures de fragilité

    PubMed Central

    Rios, Lorena P.; Khan, Aliya; Sultan, Muhammad; McAssey, Karen; Fouda, Mona A.; Armstrong, David

    2013-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Présenter aux cliniciens une mise à jour sur le diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque (MC), ainsi que des recommandations sur les indications de procéder au dépistage de la MC chez les patients présentant une faible densité minérale osseuse (DMO) ou des fractures de fragilité. Qualité des données Un groupe de travail multidisciplinaire a élaboré des questions cliniquement pertinentes relativement au diagnostic de la MC servant de fondement à une recherche documentaire dans les bases de données MEDLINE, EMBASE et CENTRAL (de janvier 2000 à janvier 2009) à l’aide des mots clés en anglais celiac disease, osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone mass et fracture. Les ouvrages scientifiques existants comportent des études de niveaux I et II. Message principal La prévalence estimée de la MC asymptomatique est de 2 % à 3 % chez les personnes qui ont une faible DMO. Par ailleurs, un dépistage ciblé est recommandé pour les patients qui ont des T-scores de −1,0 ou moins à la colonne vertébrale ou aux hanches ou des antécédents de fractures de fragilité associées à des symptômes ou à des problèmes reliés à la MC, des antécédents familiaux de MC ou de bas niveaux de calcium urinaire, une insuffisance en vitamine D et des niveaux à la hausse d’hormones parathyroïdiennes en dépit d’un apport suffisant en calcium et en vitamine D. Le dépistage de la MC devrait se faire pendant que le sujet consomme un régime alimentaire contenant du gluten. On procède au dépistage initial par le dosage d’immunoglobuline (Ig) A antitransglutaminase en utilisant la transglutaminase tissulaire humaine recombinante ou une autre transglutaminase tissulaire, en association avec l’immunofluorescence des IgA anti-endomysium. Une biopsie du duodénum est nécessaire pour confirmer le diagnostic de la MC. Le typage des antigènes des leucocytes humains peut aider à confirmer ou à exclure le diagnostic de la MC dans les cas où la sérologie et l’histologie ne concordent pas. Le diagnostic définitif se fonde sur les caractéristiques cliniques, sérologiques et histologiques combinées à une réponse positive à une alimentation sans gluten.

  3. Une cytolyse hpatique rvlant un ganglioneurome surrnalien

    PubMed Central

    Bazri, Hicham; Zoubeir, Youssef; Elhadri, Sanae; Elanzaoui, Jihad; Chahbi, Zakaria; Kaddouri, Said; Qacif, Hassan; Touiti, Driss; Zyani, Mohammad

    2014-01-01

    Le ganglioneurome est une tumeur nerveuse bnigne rare, d'origine neuroectodermique et de localisation rtropritonale frquente. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient de 55 ans dont la tumeur est rvle fortuitement sur une chographie abdominale demande dans le cadre d'une cytolyse hpatique secondaire une hpatite virale C. Le patient est opr aprs la ralisation d'un scanner abdominal et d'un bilan hormonal. L'examen anatomopathologique de la pice opratoire est en faveur d'un ganglioneurome. Devant une volumineuse masse rtropritonale avec tat gnral conserv, on doit envisager le diagnostic de ganglioneurome car l'exrse chirurgicale complte permet une gurison sans rcidive. Pralablement, l'ensemble des autres diagnostics diffrentiels doit tre limin. PMID:25170368

  4. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair Play. 9.168 Section 9.168 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS AMERICAN VITICULTURAL AREAS Approved American Viticultural Areas § 9.168 Fair Play....

  5. Landing gear noise control using perforated fairings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boorsma, K.; Zhang, X.; Molin, N.

    2010-05-01

    Landing gears of commercial aircraft make an important contribution to total aircraft noise in the approach configuration. Using fairings to shield components from high speed impingement reduces noise. Furthermore, perforating these fairings has been confirmed by flight tests to further enable noise reduction. Following an earlier fundamental study of the application of perforated fairings, a study has been performed to investigate and optimize the benefits of bleeding air through landing gear fairings. By means of wind tunnel tests, an aerodynamic and acoustic survey has been performed on a simplified generic main landing gear to explore the influence of (perforated) fairings on the lower part of the gear. The results show that for this specific case, the application of impermeable fairings reduces noise in the mid- and high frequency range by shielding sharp edged components from high velocity impingement. However, below 1 kHz the noise is shown to increase significantly. Application of the perforations is shown to diminish this low frequency increase whilst maintaining the reduction in the mid- and high frequency range. The aerodynamic and acoustic measurements point in the direction of the separated flow of the fairings interacting with the downstream gear components responsible for the low frequency noise increase. Bleeding of the air through the fairings reduces the large scale turbulence in the proximity of these components and hence diminishes the low frequency noise increase.

  6. Helicopter hub fairing and pylon interference drag

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Graham, D. R.; Sung, D. Y.; Young, L. A.; Louie, A. W.; Stroub, R. H.

    1989-01-01

    A wind tunnel test was conducted to study the aerodynamics of helicopter hub and pylon fairings. The test was conducted in the 7-by 10 Foot Subsonic Wind Tunnel (Number 2) at Ames Research Center using a 1/5-scale XH-59A fuselage model. The primary focus of the test was on the rotor hub fairing and pylon mutual interference drag. Parametric studies of pylon and hub fairing geometry were also conducted. This report presents the major findings of the test as well as tabulated force and moment data, flow visualization photographs, and graphical presentations of the drag data. The test results indicate that substantial drag reduction can be attained through the use of a cambered hub fairing with circular arc upper surface and flat lower surface. Furthermore, a considerable portion of the overall drag reduction is attributed to the reduction in the hub-on-pylon interference drag. It is also observed that the lower surface curvature of the fairing has a strong influence on the hub fairing and on pylon interference drag. However, the drag reduction benefit that was obtained by using the cambered hub fairing with a flat lower surface was adversely affected by the clearance between the hub fairing and the pylon.

  7. Theory of Mind Enhances Preference for Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takagishi, Haruto; Kameshima, Shinya; Schug, Joanna; Koizumi, Michiko; Yamagishi, Toshio

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of theory of mind in fairness-related behavior in preschoolers and to introduce a tool for examining fairness-related behavior in children. A total of 68 preschoolers played the Ultimatum Game in a face-to-face setting. Acquisition of theory of mind was defined as the understanding of false

  8. What Do We Mean by FAIR?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Liz

    2011-01-01

    "Fair" is a word people are hearing a lot at the moment if they listen to political discussion. There is much debate about how it means different things to politicians of different hues and can be used to justify seemly contradictory courses of action. In science, "fair" is also a word that is used by children and teachers in different ways.

  9. The First New York Book Fair Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warm Neck, Cambridge, MA.

    The organizers of the First New York Book Fair have listed the alternative presses that brought exhibits to the fair, as well as organizations interested in the non-establishment publications scene. According to the introduction, some directions taken by the new publishers are "new life-styles, ecology, mysticism, and spiritual awareness,

  10. Experiencing Fairness at School: An International Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2012-01-01

    This paper uses survey responses from around 13,000 grade 9 pupils in French-speaking Belgium, the Czech Republic, England, France and Italy to examine their experiences of fairness in schools. Can differences between countries, types of schools or interactions with teachers, influence what pupils regard as fair, either at school or more widely?

  11. The First New York Book Fair Catalog.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Warm Neck, Cambridge, MA.

    The organizers of the First New York Book Fair have listed the alternative presses that brought exhibits to the fair, as well as organizations interested in the non-establishment publications scene. According to the introduction, some directions taken by the new publishers are "new life-styles, ecology, mysticism, and spiritual awareness,…

  12. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair housing. 3560.104 Section 3560.104 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  13. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... 7 Agriculture 15 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair housing. 3560.104 Section 3560.104 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  14. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... 7 Agriculture 15 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair housing. 3560.104 Section 3560.104 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  15. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... 7 Agriculture 15 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair housing. 3560.104 Section 3560.104 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  16. The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary…

  17. NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

    THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE

  18. A Standards-Based Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rillero, Peter

    2011-01-01

    In standards-based science fairs, children learn more about what they are interested in. They deepen understandings of how science works and improve inquiry skills--including the ability to communicate and share research results. Parents learn more about science inquiry and their child's science abilities. The standards-based science fair builds

  19. Science Fair Project Index 1981-1984.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bishop, Cynthia, Ed.; Crowe, Deborah, Ed.

    This second supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1981 through 1984. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,

  20. Science Fair Project Index 1973-1980.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akron - Summit County Public Library, OH.

    This supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1973 through 1980. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,

  1. Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, David R.

    1991-01-01

    Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

  2. Fair Shares, Matey, or Walk the Plank

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, P. Holt; Myers, Marrielle; Edgington, Cyndi; Confrey, Jere

    2012-01-01

    Whether sharing a collection of toys among friends or a pie for dessert, children as young as kindergarten age are keen on making sure that everyone gets their "fair share." In the classroom, fair-sharing activities call for creating equal-size groups from a collection of objects or creating equal-size parts of a whole and are generally used by

  3. 12 CFR 1011.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair housing. 1011.27 Section 1011.27 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND STANDARDS (REGULATION K) Sales Practices and Standards 1011.27 Fair housing. Title VIII of the...

  4. 12 CFR 1011.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair housing. 1011.27 Section 1011.27 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND STANDARDS (REGULATION K) Sales Practices and Standards 1011.27 Fair housing. Title VIII of the...

  5. 12 CFR 1011.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 8 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair housing. 1011.27 Section 1011.27 Banks and Banking BUREAU OF CONSUMER FINANCIAL PROTECTION PURCHASERS' REVOCATION RIGHTS, SALES PRACTICES AND STANDARDS (REGULATION K) Sales Practices and Standards 1011.27 Fair housing. Title VIII of the...

  6. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing 735.111 Fair treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair and reasonable manner with persons storing, or seeking to store, an agricultural product in the warehouse if...

  7. The Entrepreneur Fair: Fifth Grade Student Businesses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moore, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In twenty years of teaching, the author has never been involved in a project that sparked as much enthusiasm from students, parents, the administration, and other teachers as the Entrepreneur Fair. In an effort to challenge students to become entrepreneurs, the author developed a one-day market called the Entrepreneur Fair at Stonewall Elementary

  8. 7 CFR 273.15 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair hearings. 273.15 Section 273.15 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FOOD STAMP AND FOOD DISTRIBUTION PROGRAM CERTIFICATION OF ELIGIBLE HOUSEHOLDS § 273.15 Fair hearings. (a) Availability of hearings. Except...

  9. Science Fairs in Elementary School. ERIC Digest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Balas, Andrea K.

    This digest presents a summary discussion of the value of holding science fairs in the elementary school context. Reasons for conducting science fairs for elementary students are discussed in terms of several learning theories. Developmentally appropriate types of elementary science projects are suggested. Goals for elementary school science fairs…

  10. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing 735.111 Fair treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair and reasonable manner with persons storing, or seeking to store, an agricultural product in the warehouse if...

  11. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing 735.111 Fair treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair and reasonable manner with persons storing, or seeking to store, an agricultural product in the warehouse if...

  12. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing 735.111 Fair treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair and reasonable manner with persons storing, or seeking to store, an agricultural product in the warehouse if...

  13. 7 CFR 735.111 - Fair treatment.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... REGULATIONS FOR WAREHOUSES REGULATIONS FOR THE UNITED STATES WAREHOUSE ACT Warehouse Licensing 735.111 Fair treatment. (a) Contingent upon the capacity of a warehouse, a warehouse operator will deal in a fair and reasonable manner with persons storing, or seeking to store, an agricultural product in the warehouse if...

  14. Theory of Mind Enhances Preference for Fairness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Takagishi, Haruto; Kameshima, Shinya; Schug, Joanna; Koizumi, Michiko; Yamagishi, Toshio

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the current study was to examine the role of theory of mind in fairness-related behavior in preschoolers and to introduce a tool for examining fairness-related behavior in children. A total of 68 preschoolers played the Ultimatum Game in a face-to-face setting. Acquisition of theory of mind was defined as the understanding of false…

  15. How To Host a Library Technology Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaudin, Charles

    2000-01-01

    Describes how the Northwestern State University library organized a successful technology fair that focused on the library and campus technology. Discusses reasons for organizing the fair, including the introduction of new workstations; academic department participation; vendor participation; marketing strategies and communication; and student…

  16. The Quest for Fairness in Language Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karami, Hossein

    2013-01-01

    The search for fairness in language testing is distinct from other areas of educational measurement as the object of measurement, that is, language, is part of the identity of the test takers. So, a host of issues enter the scene when one starts to reflect on how to assess people's language abilities. As the quest for fairness in language testing

  17. The Quest for Fairness in Language Testing

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karami, Hossein

    2013-01-01

    The search for fairness in language testing is distinct from other areas of educational measurement as the object of measurement, that is, language, is part of the identity of the test takers. So, a host of issues enter the scene when one starts to reflect on how to assess people's language abilities. As the quest for fairness in language testing…

  18. 7 CFR 247.33 - Fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair hearings. 247.33 Section 247.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS COMMODITY SUPPLEMENTAL FOOD PROGRAM 247.33 Fair hearings. (a) What is a...

  19. Fibromatose desmode du sein: propos d'un cas et une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Amourak, Sarah; Alaoui, Fatimazahra Fdili; Jayi, Sofia; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2015-01-01

    La fibromatose desmode mammaire est une entit rare, mimant sur le plan clinique et chographique un cancer du sein. Seule l'histologie apportera le diagnostic en objectivant une prolifration de cellule fusiforme (fibro et myofibroblastique sans atypies nuclaires), agence en faisceaux, mls des bandes de collagne, sans composante pithliale. Le diagnostic diffrentiel se pose essentiellement avec le carcinome mtaplasique cellules fusiformes. Lvolution est strictement locale, avec un grand pouvoir rcidivant. L'exrse chirurgicale complte avec des marges saines (jusqu 3cm) est le traitement de choix, la radiothrapie reste une option thrapeutique en complment de la chirurgie dans les exrses incompltes et en cas de rcidives multiples. A travers notre cas et une revue de la littrature, nous essayerons de mettre le point sur le diagnostic de cette entit rare et de sa prise en charge puisqu'elle va conditionner le pronostic. PMID:26491531

  20. Fasciite ncrosante orbito-palpbrale, compliquant une pansinusite chez une patiente diabtique

    PubMed Central

    Benatiya Andaloussi, Idriss; Abdellaoui, Meryem; Bhallil, Salima; Tahri, Hicham

    2011-01-01

    La fasciite ncrosante est un processus infectieux grave des tissus sous-cutans avec une gangrne cutane et des thromboses vasculaires. Elle reste grave mais heureusement rare. La localisation orbito-palpbrale est exceptionnelle. Le pronostic dpend de la prcocit du diagnostic et du traitement. Nous rapportons un rare cas compliquant une pansinusite chez une patiente diabtique ge de 17 ans. PMID:22187592

  1. Manipulation coherente de qubits de spin dans une boite quantique triple

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaudreau, Louis

    Nous presentons dans cette these une etude detaillee du moment magnetique intrinseque de l'electron, i.e. le spin electronique, incluant la manipulation quantique coherente des etats de spin de trois electrons couples. A cette fin, nous utilisons des boites quantiques laterales pour confiner les electrons. Ces nano-structures, d'une grandeur autour de 1 pm, permettent de confiner un nombre precis d'electrons de facon controlee, allant jusqu'a zero electrons. Les developpements technologiques et d'ingeniosite durant la derniere decennie ont permis de coupler trois boites quantiques, ainsi l'interaction entre plusieurs electrons confines peut etre controlee comme par exemple le couplage quantique tunnel et l'interaction d'echange entre les spins de chacun d'entre eux. A l'aide de boites quantiques couplees, il est possible de realiser des experiences dans plusieurs domaines de la physique moderne : les etats up et down du spin des electrons confines peuvent etre utilisees comme etats quantiques binaires (qubits) dans le domaine de l'informatique quantique, la non-localite quantique peut etre testee en separant spatialement deux electrons enchevetres, il est possible de creer des 'courants de spin enchevetres' utiles en spintronique, et bien d'autres. La manipulation coherente des etats de spin du systeme a trois electrons se fait de facon purement electrique grace a des pulses a haute frequence qui permettent d'augmenter le couplage entre les electrons et de faire la mesure de l'etat resultant apres la manipulation. Nous utilisons l'interaction hyperfine entre les spins des electrons et ceux des noyaux du cristal dans lequel ils resident pour creer les rotations quantiques entre les etats, notamment les etats |Q +3/2> et (D+1/2>. Les resultats obtenus indiquent un temps de coherence de l'ordre de 10 ns. Ces experiences demontrent un niveau de controle sans precedant de boites quantiques triples et pavent la voie vers des nano-structures plus sophistiquees dans lesquelles un plus grand nombre de qubits peuvent etre couples.

  2. Fair share on high performance computing systems : what does fair really mean?

    SciTech Connect

    Clearwater, Scott Harvey; Kleban, Stephen David

    2003-03-01

    We report on a performance evaluation of a Fair Share system at the ASCI Blue Mountain supercomputer cluster. We study the impacts of share allocation under Fair Share on wait times and expansion factor. We also measure the Service Ratio, a typical figure of merit for Fair Share systems, with respect to a number of job parameters. We conclude that Fair Share does little to alter important performance metrics such as expansion factor. This leads to the question of what Fair Share means on cluster machines. The essential difference between Fair Share on a uni-processor and a cluster is that the workload on a cluster is not fungible in space or time. We find that cluster machines must be highly utilized and support checkpointing in order for Fair Share to function more closely to the spirit in which it was originally developed.

  3. Teaching Fair Use with Astronomy Imagery

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wilson, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Plagiarism among students is most common because of a misunderstanding of copyright and fair use. Images and text are frequently used without proper credit to the original author, and works are frequently acknowledged improperly. For example, space imagery is often used in posters, presentations, on the web, on Facebook, and even in the classrooms, but often are not properly cited. A lesson plan on fair use is presented, outlining what constitutes fair use and how to properly acknowledge the work done by artists and authors everywhere, with examples drawn from the Astronomy Picture of the Day (APOD).

  4. How Do We Go about Investigating Test Fairness?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Xi, Xiaoming

    2010-01-01

    Previous test fairness frameworks have greatly expanded the scope of fairness, but do not provide a means to fully integrate fairness investigations and set priorities. This article proposes an approach to guide practitioners on fairness research and practices. This approach treats fairness as an aspect of validity and conceptualizes it as

  5. Science Fairs: A Primer for Parents.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamrick, Linda; Harty, Harold

    1983-01-01

    Guidelines for parents whose children may be involved in preparing a science fair project are outlined and discussed. Suggests that this article (or a teacher prepared letter) be sent home with students when they are assigned a science project. (JN)

  6. Idaho State University Bookstore Features Microcomputer Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ogg, Robert; Hill, Leland R.

    1983-01-01

    A microcomputer fair held during homecoming and in conjunction with the opening of the ISU Microcomputer Learning Facility resulted in an unprecedented explosion of interest and buying. The store was also selling computer books, supplies, and software. (Author/MLW)

  7. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ....1555 Fairly well matured. Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ....1555 Fairly well matured. Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the...

  9. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does not average more than 1/2 inch...

  10. 7 CFR 51.772 - Fairly smooth texture.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... texture. Fairly smooth texture means that the skin is fairly thin and not coarse for the variety and size of the fruit. “Fairly thin” means that the skin thickness does not average more than 1/2 inch...

  11. Tumeur stromale rectale: à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Rejab, Haitham; Kridis, Wala Ben; Ben Ameur, Hazem; Feki, Jihene; Frikha, Mounir; Beyrouti, Mohamed Issam

    2014-01-01

    Les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales sont des tumeurs mésenchymateuses peu fréquentes. Elles sont localisées préférentiellement eu niveau de l'estomac. La localisation rectale reste rare. A un nouveau cas de tumeur stromale du rectum ainsi qu'une bref revue de la littérature, on se propose d’étudier les particularités cliniques, radiologiques et thérapeutiques de cette entité rare. PMID:25120863

  12. Software Development Infrastructure for the FAIR Experiments

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Uhlig, F.; Al-Turany, M.; Bertini, D.; Karabowicz, R.

    2011-12-01

    The proposed project FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research) is an international accelerator facility of the next generation. It builds on top of the experience and technological developments already made at the existing GSI facility, and incorporate new technological concepts. The four scientific pillars of FAIR are NUSTAR (nuclear structure and astrophysics), PANDA (QCD studies with cooled beams of anti-protons), CBM (physics of hadronic matter at highest baryon densities), and APPA (atomic physics, plasma physics, and applications). The FairRoot framework used by all of the big FAIR experiments as a base for their own specific developments, provides basic functionality like IO, geometry handling etc. The challenge is to support all the different experiments with their heterogeneous requirements. Due to the limited manpower, one of the first design decisions was to (re)use as much as possible already available and tested software and to focus on the development of the framework. Beside the framework itself, the FairRoot core team also provides some software development tools. We will describe the complete set of tools in this article. The Makefiles for all projects are generated using CMake. For software testing and the corresponding quality assurance, we use CTest to generate the results and CDash as web front end. The tools are completed by subversion as source code repository and trac as tool for the complete source code management. This set of tools allows us to offer the full functionality we have for FairRoot also to the experiments based on FairRoot.

  13. Syndrome coronarien aigu en post-partum secondaire à une dissection coronaire spontanée: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    El Malki Berrada, Nabil; Zaimi, Achraf; Ezzouak, Abdellatif; Belhachmi, Hassan; Lagziri, Alaeeddine; Ratbi, Sara; eddine Elyounassi, Badre

    2015-01-01

    L'IDM per gravidique est une complication grave qui entraine une morbidité et une mortalité maternelle élevée. Bien que l'athérosclérose soit la cause d'IDM la plus fréquente dans la population générale, elle n'est observée que chez un tiers des femmes enceintes. Chez ces dernières, la cause la plus fréquente d'IDM était la dissection coronaire. Nous rapportons l'observation clinique d'une jeune femme de 24 ans, sans facteur de risque cardiovasculaire, qui a présenté un IDM antérieur étendu 15 jours après un accouchement, en rapport avec une dissection de la partie proximale de l'artère inter ventriculaire antérieure. Le traitement de cette pathologie n'est pas consensuel, et peut faire appel, selon la présentation clinique et angiographique, au traitement médical, à une revascularisation par pontage aorto-coronaire avec une résection de l'hématome de la paroi artérielle, ou à l'angioplastie transluminale. Le pronostic semble assez favorable quoique controversé. PMID:26161172

  14. Maladie de Kaposi compliquant une aplasie mdullaire

    PubMed Central

    Lamchahab, Mouna; Oukkache, Bouchra; Marouan, Sofia; Quessar, Asmae; Benchekroun, Said

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient marocain de 40 ans, suivi pour aplasie mdullaire sous traitement immunosuppresseur et ayant prsent 6 mois aprs le dbut du traitement une MK iatrogne. L'histologie cutane a permis de poser le diagnostic et tait en faveur d'une MK. Le traitement consistait des cures de Blomycine avec une volution favorable. Notre cas illustre l'intrt d'un suivi rgulier des patients sous immunosuppresseurs. Cette forme particulire de MK constitue un vrai dfi thrapeutique pour le praticien. PMID:25422687

  15. Statose hpatique aigu gravidique avec une pylonphrite aigu droite sur une grossesse gmellaire: une association trs rare

    PubMed Central

    Benali, Zine el Abidine; Rachidi, Karim; Omari, Driss

    2013-01-01

    La Statose hpatique aigu gravidique est une complication rare de la grossesse, et l'association avec la pylonphrite aigu est encore plus rarissime survenant le plus souvent dans le troisime trimestre. Le diagnostic est affirm par un faisceau d'argument clinique et biologique si non par l'histologie hpatique en dehors de trouble de la crase sanguine. Autrefois rgulirement mortelle, cette pathologie bnficie actuellement d'un meilleur pronostic maternel et ftal, du fait du diagnostic plus prcoce, d'une dlivrance rapide et du traitement symptomatique. Les auteurs ont jug utile de rapporter une observation travers d'un cas clinique d'une grossesse gmellaire associe la pylonphrite aigue droite avec statose hpatique aigu en milieu de ranimation. PMID:24396557

  16. Alphabetisation conscientisante comme base d'une education permanente

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ndimurukundo, Nicephore

    1994-05-01

    D'aprs la pratique et les enseignements vcus, nous pensons qu'une alphabtisation fonctionnelle et conscientisante est susceptible de constituer la base d'une ducation permanente (life long education), condition que: Une philosophie et une anthropologie de la libration de l'homme soient le fondement de 1'alphabtisation;

  17. Partner choice creates fairness in humans.

    PubMed

    Debove, Stphane; Andr, Jean-Baptiste; Baumard, Nicolas

    2015-06-01

    Many studies demonstrate that partner choice has played an important role in the evolution of human cooperation, but little work has tested its impact on the evolution of human fairness. In experiments involving divisions of money, people become either over-generous or over-selfish when they are in competition to be chosen as cooperative partners. Hence, it is difficult to see how partner choice could result in the evolution of fair, equal divisions. Here, we show that this puzzle can be solved if we consider the outside options on which partner choice operates. We conduct a behavioural experiment, run agent-based simulations and analyse a game-theoretic model to understand how outside options affect partner choice and fairness. All support the conclusion that partner choice leads to fairness only when individuals have equal outside options. We discuss how this condition has been met in our evolutionary history, and the implications of these findings for our understanding of other aspects of fairness less specific than preferences for equal divisions of resources. PMID:25972467

  18. Modeling for fairness: A Rawlsian approach.

    PubMed

    Diekmann, Sven; Zwart, Sjoerd D

    2014-06-01

    In this paper we introduce the overlapping design consensus for the construction of models in design and the related value judgments. The overlapping design consensus is inspired by Rawls' overlapping consensus. The overlapping design consensus is a well-informed, mutual agreement among all stakeholders based on fairness. Fairness is respected if all stakeholders' interests are given due and equal attention. For reaching such fair agreement, we apply Rawls' original position and reflective equilibrium to modeling. We argue that by striving for the original position, stakeholders expel invalid arguments, hierarchies, unwarranted beliefs, and bargaining effects from influencing the consensus. The reflective equilibrium requires that stakeholders' beliefs cohere with the final agreement and its justification. Therefore, the overlapping design consensus is not only an agreement to decisions, as most other stakeholder approaches, it is also an agreement to their justification and that this justification is consistent with each stakeholders' beliefs. For supporting fairness, we argue that fairness qualifies as a maxim in modeling. We furthermore distinguish values embedded in a model from values that are implied by its context of application. Finally, we conclude that for reaching an overlapping design consensus communication about properties of and values related to a model is required. PMID:25051870

  19. L'ostéogenèse imparfaite: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Hsayaoui, Najeh; Mbarki, Chaouki; Melliti, Saoussen; El Cadhi, Youssef; Douik, Fatma; Mezghanni, Sana; Oueslati, Hedhili

    2015-01-01

    L'ostéogenèse imparfaite est une maladie héréditaire caractérisée par une fragilité osseuse secondaire à un défaut de synthèse du collagène de type I. Le diagnostic est suspecté devant des signes échographiques évocateurs et confirmé par une étude génétique. Nous rapportons un cas d'ostéogenèse imparfaite de découverte tardive au troisième trimestre chez une patiente qui n'a pas suivi sa grossesse. PMID:26491526

  20. A Spoonful of Fairness: Training in Fairness Principles Helps Communicate Bad News

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Streicher, Bernhard; Graupmann, Verena; Weisweiler, Silke

    2014-01-01

    Fairness training was examined in its effect on resulting third party perceptions of communicating a negative outcome. Twenty-nine students were videotaped communicating an unfavourable decision twice within a one-week interval: before and after having participated in fairness training, or--in the control group--remaining untrained. Results showed…

  1. Getting a Fair Share: Attitudes and Perceptions of Biobank Stakeholders Concerning the Fairness of Sample Sharing.

    PubMed

    Colledge, Flora; Elger, Bernice

    2015-07-01

    Biobanks are essential tools for furthering a broad range of medical research areas. However, despite the plethora of national and international laws and guidelines which apply to them, the access and sharing policies of biobanks are only sparsely addressed by regulatory bodies. The 'give and take' process of biosample sharing is largely left up to biobank stakeholders themselves to oversee; it is therefore both in stakeholders' power, and in their interest, to ensure that sample accessibility is fair. This is an important step in motivating researchers to collaborate and pool samples, and is crucial to fostering trust in the absence of universally accepted standard practices. To date, little attention has been paid to how fairness considerations affect scientific material sharing, and no empirical research has been carried out to determine the role that fairness plays in collaborative studies. In order to begin to gain understanding in this area, we interviewed 36 biobank stakeholders currently working in Switzerland, focusing on their perceptions of current and optimal fair sharing practices. Our findings reveal that fairness is an important feature of exchange situations for these stakeholders, and that they have well-formed notions about the practical elements of fair sample access, although ideas about the concept of fairness itself are vague. In order to support efforts to network biobanks, attention should be paid to this issue to reassure all involved that they are getting a fair share in their cooperative efforts. PMID:25425240

  2. What's fair is fair--or is it? Value differences underlying public views about social justice.

    PubMed

    Rasinski, K A

    1987-07-01

    Individual differences in judgments of the fairness of various sociopolitical phenomena were examined in three surveys. Scales measuring two value dimensions thought to underlie the meaning of fairness were constructed, and survey respondents endorsing these different values were compared on their evaluation of the procedural and distributive fairness of political objects. Those endorsing the value of proportionality, hypothesized by equity theorists to underlie fairness judgments, judged equity-based public policies to be fairer than equality-based policies and judged that Ronald Reagan would be a fairer president than Walter Mondale. These people also emphasized the procedural aspects of government when judging government fairness. Respondents endorsing the value of egalitarianism, hypothesized by developmental theorists and some political philosophers to underlie fairness judgments, judged equality-based public policies to be fairer than equity-based policies and judged that Mondale would be a fairer president than Reagan. These people emphasized the distributive aspects of government when judging government fairness. Results support the naive moral philosopher image of the individual as judge of political objects (Tyler, 1984a). Political fairness judgments are ideological responses and are subject to the influence of the value structure of the judge (Tetlock, 1986). PMID:3612490

  3. Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McQueen, David R.

    1991-01-01

    Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

  4. Trust, confidence, procedural fairness, outcome fairness, moral conviction, and the acceptance of GM field experiments.

    PubMed

    Siegrist, Michael; Connor, Melanie; Keller, Carmen

    2012-08-01

    In 2005, Swiss citizens endorsed a moratorium on gene technology, resulting in the prohibition of the commercial cultivation of genetically modified crops and the growth of genetically modified animals until 2013. However, scientific research was not affected by this moratorium, and in 2008, GMO field experiments were conducted that allowed us to examine the factors that influence their acceptance by the public. In this study, trust and confidence items were analyzed using principal component analysis. The analysis revealed the following three factors: "economy/health and environment" (value similarity based trust), "trust and honesty of industry and scientists" (value similarity based trust), and "competence" (confidence). The results of a regression analysis showed that all the three factors significantly influenced the acceptance of GM field experiments. Furthermore, risk communication scholars have suggested that fairness also plays an important role in the acceptance of environmental hazards. We, therefore, included measures for outcome fairness and procedural fairness in our model. However, the impact of fairness may be moderated by moral conviction. That is, fairness may be significant for people for whom GMO is not an important issue, but not for people for whom GMO is an important issue. The regression analysis showed that, in addition to the trust and confidence factors, moral conviction, outcome fairness, and procedural fairness were significant predictors. The results suggest that the influence of procedural fairness is even stronger for persons having high moral convictions compared with persons having low moral convictions. PMID:22150405

  5. 78 FR 36011 - Region VII Regulatory Fairness Board; Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-06-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION Region VII Regulatory Fairness Board; Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open meeting of the Regional (Region VII)...

  6. Thrombose veineuse profonde tendue du membre inferieur compliquant une procration mdicalement assiste: une observation

    PubMed Central

    Abdellah, Amine; Jamal, Fatihi

    2015-01-01

    La survenue d'une maladie thromboembolique veineuse (MTEV) fait partie des effets indsirables de la procration mdicalement assiste (PMA). Le risque de survenue semble faible mais peu dtudes ont estim l'incidence de la MTEV en absence de syndrome d'hyperstimulation ovarienne (SHO). L'estimation du risque dvnement thromboembolique veineux chez les femmes risque doit tre identifie avant une PMA. Nous rapportons un cas clinique d'une thrombose veineuse profonde du membre inferieur suite une PMA sans syndrome d'hyperstimulation ovarienne.

  7. L'intérêt du dosage de la calcémie devant une tumeur maxillaire: découverte d'une hyperparathyroïdie primitive

    PubMed Central

    Esselmani, Hicham; Bouabdellah, Mounya; Benchekroun, Laila; Elalami, Sanae; Handor, Najat; Chabraoui, Layachi

    2014-01-01

    L'hyperparathyroïdie primaire (HPP) est une affection fréquente, aujourd'hui découverte fortuitement dans 75 à 80% des cas par un dosage systématique de la calcémie biologique. Le diagnostic de cette affection se base sur la mise en évidence concomitante d'une calcémie élevée, d'un taux de parathormone (PTH) élevé (80% des cas) ou normal (20% des cas), et d'une calciurie supérieure à 150 mg/24 heures. Les manifestations squelettiques graves (ostéite fibrokystique, tumeurs brunes, fractures pathologiques) sont rares de nos jours. Les tumeurs brunes constituent un mode de révélation rare de l'hyperparathyroïdie primaire et leur localisation au niveau des maxillaires est exceptionnelle. Nous rapportons ici la longue histoire de la maladie d'un homme de 42 ans atteint d'une hyperparathyroïdie primitive découverte devant une tuméfaction jugale, une hypercalcémie majeure à 3.92 mmol/l et une tumeur brune maxillaire et nous soulignant le rôle du bilan biologique raisonné et de son interprétation en tant que révélateur diagnostique pour orienter le clinicien vers l'hyperparathyroïdie primaire. PMID:25469208

  8. Volvulus grlique sur hydatidose pritonale: une cause rare d'occlusion

    PubMed Central

    Bouassria, Abdesslam; Mazine, Khalid; Elbouhaddouti, Hicham; Mouaqit, Ouadii; Ousadden, Abdelmalek; Mazaz, Khalid; Benjelloun, Elbachir; Taleb, Khalid Ait

    2014-01-01

    L'hydatidose pritonale peut tre primitive, hmatogne ou htrotopique, comme elle peut tre secondaire et rsulte de la fissuration d'un kyste hydatique, le plus souvent hpatique. Cliniquement polymorphe, elle peut se rvler par des douleurs abdominales ou par la palpation d'une masse abdominale. Nous rapportons le cas d'une patiente chez qui l'hydatidose pritonale tait rvle par un accident occlusif: un volvulus grlique d un volumineux kyste hydatique msentrique. Le traitement de l'hydatidose pritonale est chirurgical, coupl un traitement mdical base d'albendazole. PMID:25400846

  9. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... to articles for a fair. (b) After entry. Upon the entry being made, a permit may be issued by...

  10. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision § 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  11. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  12. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612....612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky inner heart branches for its size....

  13. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612....612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky inner heart branches for its size....

  14. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  15. 7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612... STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a moderate number of fairly stocky...

  16. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33...) 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect... site. The FAIRS User's Manual contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  17. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33...) 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect... site. The FAIRS User's Manual contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  18. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33...) 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect... site. The FAIRS User's Manual contains the business rules for using the system and is available...

  19. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Estimating the fair market...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair market price of the work to be performed by the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market...

  20. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147... THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator. All... reimbursed by the fair operator to the Government, payment to be made on demand to the port director...

  1. Brulure par Foudre. A Propos dune Observation

    PubMed Central

    Mradmi, W.; Fassi-Fihri, J.; Mehaji, G.; Ezzoubi, M.; Diouri, M.; Bahechar, N.; Boukind, E.H.

    2005-01-01

    Summary Aussi loin que lon remonte dans la littrature, on retrouve des rcits relatant des accidents conscutifs la fulguration chez lhomme. La foudre tait alors associe la colre des dieux ou la notion de chtiment. La fulguration correspond un transfert dnergie entre un cumulonimbus de charge ngative et un objet de charge positive se trouvant au niveau du sol. Les lsions dtermines sont la fois thermiques et lectrothermiques. Bien que larrt cardiorespiratoire soit une cause bien documente de dcs, la plupart des cas rapports dans la littrature dcrivent un ventail trs disparate des squelles qui surviennent suite cet accident. Les Auteurs rapportent le cas dun patient atteint par la foudre en insistant particulirement sur les complications neurologiques qui sont survenues en cours dvolution. Se basant sur cette observation et sur une revue de la littrature, les Auteurs soulignent que le pronostic des patients atteints par la foudre est plus favorable que gnralement rapport. PMID:21990993

  2. Bilan d’une cure chirurgicale d’aspergillome pulmonaire secondaire a une lesion sequellaire de tuberculose au CHU/JRA

    PubMed Central

    Razafimanjato, Narindra Njarasoa Mihaja; Rakotoarisoa, Andriamihaja Jean Claude; Ravoatrarilandy, Manjakaniaina; Rakototiana, Auberlin Felantsoa; Hunald, Francis Allen; Samison, Luc Hervé; Ravalisoa, Agnès Marie Lydia; Rakotovao, Danitrala Jean Louis

    2013-01-01

    La prise en charge d’un aspergillome pulmonaire, dans le cas des lésions limitées accessibles, est une des activités courantes en chirurgie thoracique dans les pays endémique à la tuberculose comme Madagascar. Sur une période allant de janvier 2005 en mars 2010, 15 patients, ancien tuberculeux, atteints d’une aspergillome pulmonaire sont traités par une résection segmentaire ou une lobectomie. La circonstance de découverte repose sur la clinique par des tableaux très polymorphes. L’imagerie garde une place importante. L’examen histologique des pièces d’exérèse chirurgicale confirme le diagnostic. Tous les patients ont été opérés de manière élective. Le résultat a été pour l’ensemble des patients jugés satisfaisant. Ces patients sont suivis pendant 1 à 39 mois. L’étude des résultats à distance est encore en cours et est fondamentale si le traitement chirurgical a un effet bénéfique sur la survie et la qualité de vie des malades. Le but de ce travail a été, à partir de la revue de la littérature et de notre petite expérience, de définir quels éléments pertinents mis en exergue sur le sujet. PMID:23646219

  3. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolognese, Jeff; Walden, Harvey; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    This report describes the development of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair, including its history and outgrowth from the traditional regional science fairs supported by NASA. The results of the 1999 Virtual Science Fair pilot program, the mechanics of running the 2000 Virtual Science Fair and its results, and comments and suggestions for future Virtual Science Fairs are provided. The appendices to the report include the original proposal for this project, the judging criteria, the user's guide and the judge's guide to the Virtual Science Fair Web site, the Fair publicity brochure and the Fair award designs, judges' and students' responses to survey questions about the Virtual Science Fair, and lists of student entries to both the 1999 and 2000 Fairs.

  4. The NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Bolognese, Jeff; Walden, Harvey; Obenschain, Arthur F. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    This report describes the development of the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center Virtual Science Fair, including its history and outgrowth from the traditional regional science fairs supported by NASA. The results of the 1999 Virtual Science Fair pilot program, the mechanics of running the 2000 Virtual Science Fair and its results, and comments and suggestions for future Virtual Science Fairs are provided. The appendices to the report contain supporting documentation, including the original proposal for this project, the judging criteria, the user's guide and the judge's guide to the Virtual Science Fair Web site, the Fair publicity brochure and the Fair award designs, judges' and students' responses to survey questions about the Virtual Science Fair, and lists of student entries to both the 1999 and 2000 Fairs.

  5. Lymphdme unilatral du membre suprieur au cours d'une polyarthrite rhumatode

    PubMed Central

    Bouomrani, Salem; Nouma, Hanne; Slama, Alaeddine; Chebbi, Safouane; Neffoussi, Marwa; Fara, Afef; Beji, Maher

    2015-01-01

    Les lymphdmes chroniques et localiss des membres ne sont qu'exceptionnellement signals au cours de la polyarthrite rhumatode (PR). Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente ge de 63 ans ayant une PR diagnostique depuis dix ans et traite par hydroxychloroquine, prednisone et mthotrexate avec une bonne volution ft explore pour une tumfaction du membre suprieur gauche voluant depuis deux ans. l'examen clinique on notait un membre infiltr en totalit, indolore, lastique et recouvert d'une peau tendue, luisante mais d'aspect normal. Le reste de l'examen somatique tait sans particularits. La biologie ne montrait pas d'anomalies. L'imagerie mdicale (radiographies-X standards des os de l'avant bras et du thorax, scanner-X thoracique, chographie des parties molles et du creux axillaire, doppler artriel et veineux du membre atteint et cho-mammographie) se rvlait normale. La lympho-scintigraphie concluait l'absence de visualisation du rseau lymphatique superficiel gauche. Le diagnostic de lymphdme secondaire associ la PR tait retenu devant la ngativit du bilan tiologique. Une kinsithrapie de drainage lymphatique ft prescrite en association des assauts cortisoniques mais l'amlioration ntait que partielle. Parmi les manifestations extra articulaires de la PR, les lymphdmes chroniques localiss des membres restent inhabituels et souvent mconnus. Leurs mcanismes physiopathologiques sont mal lucids et leur traitement ne fait pas encore l'unanimit. Ils gardent en revanche une implication pronostique fonctionnelle majeure. PMID:26448809

  6. 7 CFR 51.1012 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly firm. 51.1012 Section 51.1012 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF...

  7. 7 CFR 51.1012 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly firm. 51.1012 Section 51.1012 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF...

  8. 7 CFR 51.1012 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly firm. 51.1012 Section 51.1012 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND...

  9. 7 CFR 51.1012 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly firm. 51.1012 Section 51.1012 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1012 - Fairly firm.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly firm. 51.1012 Section 51.1012 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF...

  11. Getting a Jump on the Science Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fort, Deborah C.

    1985-01-01

    Success of the Murch Elementary School (Washington, DC) science fair is due to many factors which are applicable to other schools. Suggestions, ideas, and hints are given in this description of the school's program. Projects with an electrocardiogram, water weeds, and preserving ice are also discussed. (DH)

  12. 78 FR 43709 - Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-19

    ... the Regulatory Impact Analysis that accompanies this rule, HUD estimates net annual compliance costs... primary determinants that account for those issues, and set forth fair housing priorities and goals. The... analysis that the proposed rule seeks to establish. Summary of Costs and Benefits As detailed in...

  13. Reverse Your Science Fair with Educational Partnerships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Jordan; Zardetto-Smith, Andrea; Mu, Keli; Demetrikopoulos, Melissa K.

    2004-01-01

    This article suggests several ways teachers can get their students really excited about science by bringing scientists to the science fair in a different role than the traditional "judge." With a bit more effort, scientists can become actively involved as presenters of hands-on activities. This article discusses: what happens when the tables are

  14. Fair Use: Articulating the Liberal Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Anthony, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Within the context of "Cambridge University Press et al. v. Patton et al.", this article provides the rationale for the academic distribution of scholarly articles without requesting copyright permission or paying the corresponding fees. The fair use of scholarly articles is examined legally, historically, and in an economic context. This article

  15. The Third International San Francisco Book Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalmon, Winn; And Others

    Friends of Books and Comics presents its catalog of the Third International San Francisco Book Fair, a marketplace of alternative books, comics, and magazines. Nearly 200 alternative and small presses are listed alphabetically with address, telephone number, names of principal people involved, and a brief description of type and subject of…

  16. Four Tools for Science Fair Success

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Sherry Weaver; Messmer, Barbara; Storm, Bill; Weaver, Cheryl

    2007-01-01

    These teacher-tested ideas will guide students in creating true inquiry-based projects. Two of the ideas, the Topic Selection Wizard and Science Project Timeline, are appropriate for all science fair programs, even new ones. For existing programs, the Black Box of Project Improvement and After-School Project Clinic improve project quality and

  17. Fair Use: Articulating the Liberal Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Anthony, Jr.

    2012-01-01

    Within the context of "Cambridge University Press et al. v. Patton et al.", this article provides the rationale for the academic distribution of scholarly articles without requesting copyright permission or paying the corresponding fees. The fair use of scholarly articles is examined legally, historically, and in an economic context. This article…

  18. Practical Aspects of Fair Employment Litigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Joseph B.

    1977-01-01

    Examines the burden of proof between employer and employee in fair employment lawsuits, highlighting related court rulings. Reviews problems of existing procedures that magnify testing as a legal issue, and considers back pay and plaintiff attorney fees as added costs to employers who lose such cases. (Author/JG)

  19. The HADES-at-FAIR project

    SciTech Connect

    Lapidus, K.; Agakishiev, G.; Balanda, A.; Bassini, R.; Behnke, C.; Belyaev, A.; Blanco, A.; Boehmer, M.; Cabanelas, P.; Carolino, N.; Chen, J. C.; Chernenko, S.; Diaz, J.; Dybczak, A.; Collaboration: HADES Collaboration; and others

    2012-05-15

    After the completion of the experimental program at SIS18 the HADES setup will migrate to FAIR, where it will deliver high-quality data for heavy-ion collisions in an unexplored energy range of up to 8 A GeV. In this contribution, we briefly present the physics case, relevant detector characteristics and discuss the recently completed upgrade of HADES.

  20. Fair Play: Accepting Responsibility for Student Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karns, Michelle S.; Parker, Dennis R.

    2007-01-01

    Equity in education relies on equal access to learning experiences and fair play during those experiences. Too often policy makers, voters and even some educators define equity only in terms of equal access. Equity is less about the same treatment for all and more about holding everyone to the same high standards and high expectations. All

  1. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carter, Constance, Comp.

    This bibliography assists junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, executing, and evaluating science fair projects. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are listed. This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography but is designed to put the reader "on target."

  2. 7 CFR 3560.104 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Borrower Management and Operations Responsibilities § 3560... prepare and maintain an Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan (AFHMP) as defined in 24 CFR part 200... rights compliance reviews. Plans will be updated as needed. (c) Accommodations and communication....

  3. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  4. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  5. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  6. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  7. 7 CFR 51.2084 - Fairly bright.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly bright. 51.2084 Section 51.2084 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE REGULATIONS AND STANDARDS UNDER THE AGRICULTURAL MARKETING ACT OF 1946 FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES...

  8. A Geometric Approach to Fair Division

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbanel, Julius

    2010-01-01

    We wish to divide a cake among some collection of people (who may have very different notions of the comparative value of pieces of cake) in a way that is both "fair" and "efficient." We explore the meaning of these terms, introduce two geometric tools to aid our analysis, and present a proof (due to Dietrich Weller) that establishes the existence…

  9. Culture-Fair Prediction of Academic Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fagan, Joseph F.; Holland, Cynthia R.

    2009-01-01

    A theoretically based, culture-fair test of new learning ability is predictive of academic achievement. A sample of 633 adults, 121 of minority status, drawn from urban private universities, colleges, and community colleges were given information as to the meanings of previously unknown words, sayings, similarities, and analogies. They were also

  10. 24 CFR 1715.27 - Fair housing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair housing. 1715.27 Section 1715.27 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development (Continued) OFFICE OF ASSISTANT SECRETARY FOR HOUSING-FEDERAL HOUSING COMMISSIONER, DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND...

  11. Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howland, Joyce, Comp.

    The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

  12. Are High School Chemistry Textbooks Gender Fair?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bazler, Judith A.; Simonis, Doris A.

    1991-01-01

    Study compared two generations of seven high school chemistry texts (1970/1973) and current editions analyzed for gender fairness in illustrations and concrete analogies. Among conclusions was there were significant differences between the old textbooks and newer textbooks in relative frequencies of illustrations of men and woman and no…

  13. [Law Enforcement Standards of Decency and Fairness].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saxbe, William B.

    Effective policemen need to have as much knowledge as possible about society; they need to be fair, like the criminal justice system they represent. Society cannot be protected unless there is full accordance with the law. Questions of concern are whether the poor man or the black man are receiving the same treatment as the rich or influential

  14. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  15. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  16. 27 CFR 9.168 - Fair Play.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... located in El Dorado County, California and is located entirely within the existing Sierra Foothills and El Dorado viticultural areas. The boundary for Fair Play is as follows: (1) The beginning point of... medium-duty road (Mt. Aukum Road or El Dorado County Road E-16) just as it crosses onto the...

  17. The Third International San Francisco Book Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kalmon, Winn; And Others

    Friends of Books and Comics presents its catalog of the Third International San Francisco Book Fair, a marketplace of alternative books, comics, and magazines. Nearly 200 alternative and small presses are listed alphabetically with address, telephone number, names of principal people involved, and a brief description of type and subject of

  18. Fair and optimistic quantum contract signing

    SciTech Connect

    Paunkovic, N.; Mateus, P.; Bouda, J.

    2011-12-15

    We present a fair and optimistic quantum-contract-signing protocol between two clients that requires no communication with the third trusted party during the exchange phase. We discuss its fairness and show that it is possible to design such a protocol for which the probability of a dishonest client to cheat becomes negligible and scales as N{sup -1/2}, where N is the number of messages exchanged between the clients. Our protocol is not based on the exchange of signed messages: Its fairness is based on the laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, it is abuse free, and the clients do not have to generate new keys for each message during the exchange phase. We discuss a real-life scenario when measurement errors and qubit-state corruption due to noisy channels and imperfect quantum memories occur and argue that for a real, good-enough measurement apparatus, transmission channels, and quantum memories, our protocol would still be fair. Apart from stable quantum memories, the other segments of our protocol could be implemented by today's technology, as they require in essence the same type of apparatus as the one needed for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) cryptographic protocol. Finally, we briefly discuss two alternative versions of the protocol, one that uses only two states [based on the Bennett 1992 (B92) protocol] and the other that uses entangled pairs, and show that it is possible to generalize our protocol to an arbitrary number of clients.

  19. A Geometric Approach to Fair Division

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barbanel, Julius

    2010-01-01

    We wish to divide a cake among some collection of people (who may have very different notions of the comparative value of pieces of cake) in a way that is both "fair" and "efficient." We explore the meaning of these terms, introduce two geometric tools to aid our analysis, and present a proof (due to Dietrich Weller) that establishes the existence

  20. A World of Discovery Online: Science Fairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joseph, Linda C.

    1996-01-01

    K-12 students and teachers can use the Internet for planning science fair activities--for project ideas, resources, and interactive Web sites. Lists 26 science Web sites specializing in question answering, activities, experiments, optics, math, dissection, inventions, physics, space, genetics, cockroaches and worms, and Twinkies (sponge cakes).

  1. Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joint Committee on Testing Practices, Washington, DC.

    Guidelines for test developers and users are provided to insure that construction and selection of test instruments are conducted fairly. In addition to development and selection, issues of interpretation of scores; provision of information to test takers; and prevention of test bias based on race, gender, or ethnicity are addressed. Twenty-one

  2. The Search for Fairness in Testing.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewiski, Raymond L.

    This document begins with an outline of events seen as noteworthy in the search for fairness in general and includes a brief discussion of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972, and the Tower Amendment (Title VII). These events are placed in perspective with recent events which have impacted the notion of

  3. Schools and the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Joyce, Robert P.

    1986-01-01

    Traces the history of the Fair Labor Standards Act's applicability to public employees. Beginning in April 1986, schools must pay covered employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek time-and-a-half (in money or compensatory time off). Defines terms and lists recordkeeping requirements. (MLF)

  4. Putting Science into Elementary Science Fairs.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Helen Ross

    In a world where science has become too confined to books and too reliant on technology, and science fairs have been taken over by parents, this paper offers suggestions to help young people have actual hands-on experience with nature. Topics include soil formation; ants; earthworms; temperature; weather predictions; rain acidity; physical science…

  5. Copyright Law, Fair Use, and Multimedia.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Bergen, Marilyn A.

    1992-01-01

    Examines issues related to copyright and how they affect the creation, protection, and distribution of multimedia materials. Topics discussed include a definition of copyright, the relevance of copyright, the concept of fair use, derivative and collective works, copyright and constitutional law, and information guides to copyright issues. (10

  6. Living Learning Theory through My Fair Lady

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glenzer, Holly

    2005-01-01

    In My Fair Lady ( Lerner & Lowe, 1956), the play, the renowned linguistics professor, Henry Higgins, attempts to instruct the common flower-vendor, Eliza Doolittle, in proper English etiquette and speech. Revisit the colourful story from the perspective of a twenty-first century instructional designer. Set in the 1910s, but written in the heyday

  7. Une cause rare du choc septique chez le diabétique: la cystite emphysémateuse compliquée d'une rupture vésicale

    PubMed Central

    Shimi, Abdelkarim; Boumedian, Abderrahman; Elbakouri, Nabil; Derkaoui, Ali; Khatouf, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    La cystite emphysémateuse est une affection rare rencontrée principalement chez les patients diabétiques mal équilibrés. Elle se caractérise par la présence de l'air dans la paroi et/ou la lumière vesicale. La tomodensitométrie abdomino-pelvienne reste l'examen clé pour confirmer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente diabétique ayant présentée une cystite emphysémateuse favorisée par un diabète déséquilibré et compliquée d'une rupture vésicale intrapéritonéale avec évolution défavorable. PMID:26301019

  8. Fairing Separation Analysis Using SepTOOL

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Zalewski, Bart F.; Dial, William B.; Kosareo, Daniel N.

    2015-01-01

    This document describes the relevant equations programmed in spreadsheet software, SepTOOL, developed by ZIN Technologies, Inc. (ZIN) to determine the separation clearance between a launch vehicle payload fairing and remaining stages. The software uses closed form rigid body dynamic solutions of the vehicle in combination with flexible body dynamics of the fairing, which is obtained from flexible body dynamic analysis or from test data, and superimposes the two results to obtain minimum separation clearance for any given set of flight trajectory conditions. Using closed form solutions allows SepTOOL to perform separation calculations several orders of magnitude faster compared to numerical methods which allows users to perform real time parameter studies. Moreover, SepTOOL can optimize vehicle performance to minimize separation clearance. This tool can evaluate various shapes and sizes of fairings along with different vehicle configurations and trajectories. These geometries and parameters are inputted in a user friendly interface. Although the software was specifically developed for evaluating the separation clearance of launch vehicle payload fairings, separation dynamics of other launch vehicle components can be evaluated provided that aerodynamic loads acting on the vehicle during the separation event are negligible. This document describes the development of SepTOOL providing analytical procedure and theoretical equations whose implementation of these equations is not disclosed. Realistic examples are presented, and the results are verified with ADAMS (MSC Software Corporation) simulations. It should be noted that SepTOOL is a preliminary separation clearance assessment software for payload fairings and should not be used for final clearance analysis.

  9. Tumeur pseudopapillaire et solide du pancréas: une cause rare de masse abdominale

    PubMed Central

    Hasbi, Samir; Menfaa, Mohammed; Sakit, Fouad; Laaroussi, Jamal; Choho, Abdelkrim

    2015-01-01

    La tumeur pseudopapillaire et solide du pancréas (TPPSP) est une tumeur rare, c'est une cause rare de masse abdominale. Elle touche surtout les jeunes femmes. Elle est d’étiopathogénie encore peu connue, caractérisée par un potentiel malin atténué avec un risque d'extension locale faible et d’évolution métastatique rare. Elle reste de bon pronostic après exérèse chirurgicale complète. Nous rapportons un cas chez une adolescente révélé par une masse épigastrique peu douloureuse. L’échographie abdominale complétée par la tomodensitométrie ont confirmés le diagnostique de tumeur pancréatique. L’étude anatomopathologique et immunohistologique étaient en faveur d'une TPPSP. PMID:26985279

  10. 75 FR 17793 - Public Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing; Region III Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS.... Small Business Administration (SBA) Region III Regulatory Fairness Board and the SBA Office of the... Business Organizations, Trade Associations, Chambers of Commerce and related organizations serving...

  11. Justice and Organizational Citizenship Behavior Intentions: Fair Rewards versus Fair Treatment.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williams, Steve; Pitre, Richard; Zainuba, Mohamed

    2002-01-01

    Presents the results of a study that focused on employees (n=114) from various industries and organizations. Reports that organizational citizenship behaviors increased when employees viewed fair treatment by supervisors as more positive. Includes references. (CMK)

  12. Hmorragie mninge et hmatome parenchymateux rvlant une thrombose veineuse crbrale

    PubMed Central

    Joulali, Toufik; Derkaoui, Ali; Besri, Sophia; Malki, Mohammed; Shimi, Abdelkarim; Khatouf, Mohammed

    2015-01-01

    La thrombophlbite crbrale (TVC) est une cause non ngligeable des accidents vasculaires crbraux avec une grande diversit de leur prsentation Clinique source d'errance et de retard thrapeutique. Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente prsentant une TVC rvle par une hmorragie mninge. Le diagnostic a t suspect l'artriographie ralise dans le cadre du bilan tiologique et thrapeutique de l'hmorragie mninge et confirm par la suite sur l'angio-scanner. La particularit de cette observation est la difficult aussi bien diagnostique de la TVC et sa rvlation par une hmorragie mninge, que thrapeutique concernant l'utilisation des anticoagulants. PMID:26161216

  13. An Experimental Investigation of Helicopter Rotor Hub Fairing Drag Characteristics

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Sung, D. Y.; Lance, M. B.; Young, L. A.; Stroub, R. H.

    1989-01-01

    A study was done in the NASA 14- by 22-Foot Wind Tunnel at Langley Research Center on the parasite drag of different helicopter rotor hub fairings and pylons. Parametric studies of hub-fairing camber and diameter were conducted. The effect of hub fairing/pylon clearance on hub fairing/pylon mutual interference drag was examined in detail. Force and moment data are presented in tabular and graphical forms. The results indicate that hub fairings with a circular-arc upper surface and a flat lower surface yield maximum hub drag reduction; and clearance between the hub fairing and pylon induces high mutual-interference drag and diminishes the drag-reduction benefit obtained using a hub fairing with a flat lower surface. Test data show that symmetrical hub fairings with circular-arc surfaces generate 74 percent more interference drag than do cambered hub fairings with flat lower surfaces, at moderate negative angle of attack.

  14. Etude de l'impact de la valorisation energetique de pneus hors d'usage, dans une cimenterie, sur les emissions gazeuses par modelisation de la dispersion atmospherique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bredin, Nathalie

    La gnration incssante de dchets ncessite le dveloppement de nouvelles technologies, telle que la valorisation nergtique, pour en disposer. Une filire approprie pour valoriser nergtiquement les dchets est le procd cimentier. L'industrie du ciment est une des grandes consommatrices d'nergie. La temprature ncessaire la prparation du ciment se situe aux environs de 1450C pour faire ragir la matire premire (cru) qui est sous forme poudreuse et constitue principalement de roches calcaires, argileuses, schisteuses,... Les gaz de combustion ont un long temps de rsidence dans les fours. De plus, le mode de fonctionnement des fours est responsable d'un effet de lessivage des gaz acides par le cru alcalin. Ces proprits font du procd cimentier un bon candidat pour la valorisation nergtique des dchets. Les dchets interessants pour les cimenteries sont, entre autres, les huiles uses, les solvants uss et les pneus uss qui ont un pouvoir calorifique quivalent celui du charbon. Les rejets l'atmosphre des cimenteries sont principalement des missions gazeuses. Ainsi, l'impact de la valorisation de pneus uss sur les missions gazeuses de la cimenterie Saint-Laurent de Joliette a t tudi, l'aide de l'outil qu'est la modlisation de la dispersion atmosphrique. Le modle utilis ISC-ST2, Industrial Source Complex-Short Term, est de type gaussien. L'analyse des concentrations maximales horaires et moyennes sur diffrentes priodes de temps (1 heure, 8 heures, ..., 1 an) des missions gazeuses dans l'air ambiant montre que celles-ci sont en de des normes mises par le gouvernement qubcois et par la Communaut Urbaine de Montral. L'tude de la distribution gographique des polluants, d'aprs les concentrations annuelles, dans un rayon de 5 km autour de la cimenterie montre que le fait d'utiliser des pneus comme combustible de substitution n'a qu'un faible impact sur la concentration des contaminants au niveau du sol. L'tude du modle gaussien de dispersion a permis de mettre au point un nouvel outil: la corrlation existant entre les concentrations latrales et verticales des polluants dans le panache. Cet outil utilis pour tudier les schmas de dispersion atmosphrique de Turner en milieu rural, et de Briggs en milieux urbain et rural, montre que, en milieu rural, le schma de dispersion propos par Briggs prsente une dispersion plus importante que celui de Turner pour les classes neutres et instables et moins importantes pour les classes stables. La comparaison des schmas de Briggs (rural et urbain) confirme que la dispersion en milieu urbain est plus importante qu'en milieu rural.

  15. Antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus Faecium Fair-E 198 against gram-positive pathogens

    PubMed Central

    do Nascimento, Maristela da Silva; Moreno, Izildinha; Kuaye, Arnaldo Yoshiteru

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 198 against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Using the critical-dilution method, the bacteriocin produced by E. faecium FAIR-E 198 inhibited all L. monocytogenes strains evaluated (1,600 to 19,200 AU mL-1). However, none of the B. cereus and S. aureus strains investigated were inhibited. The maximum activity of this bacteriocin (800 AU mL-1) was observed in MRS broth, while the activity in milk was 100 AU mL-1. In the co-cultivation test in milk, B. cereus K1-B041 was reduced to below the detection limit (1.00 log CFU mL-1) after 48 h. E. faecium reduced the initial L. monocytogenes Scott A population by 1 log CFU mL-1 after 3 h at 35C, However, the pathogen regained growth, reaching 3.68 log CFU mL-1 after 48 h. E. faecium did not influence the growth of S. aureus ATCC 27154 during the 48 h of co-cultivation, Therefore, it can be concluded that the effectiveness of the antimicrobial activity of E. faecium FAIR-E 198 is strictly related to the species and strain of the target microorganism and to the culture medium, PMID:24031466

  16. Localisation humérale d'une tumeur à cellules géantes récidivantes (à propos d'un cas)

    PubMed Central

    Nader, Youssef; Serghini, Issam; Koulali, Idrissi Khalid; Salahi, Hicham; Galwia, Farid

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de localisation rare d'une tumeur à cellules géantes au niveau de la palette humérale du coude droit chez un militaire de 36 ans de sexe masculin, la radio standard montrait une image kystique ne soufflant pas la corticale. L'examen anatomo-pathologique a permis d’ établir le diagnostic et le traitement a fait appel: au début a une Exérèse chirurgicale totale et une greffe osseuse par un greffon iliaque de la totalité de la palette huméral qui s'est compliquée à 6 mois de recule d une récidive locale. PMID:25995809

  17. Antiproton chain of the FAIR storage rings

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Katayama, T.; Kamerdzhiev, V.; Lehrach, A.; Maier, R.; Prasuhn, D.; Stassen, R.; Stockhorst, H.; Herfurth, F.; Lestinsky, M.; Litvinov, Yu A.; Steck, M.; Sthlker, T.

    2015-11-01

    In the Modularized Start Version of the Facility of Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt Germany, the 3 GeV antiprotons are precooled in the collector ring and accumulated in the high energy storage ring (HESR). They are further accelerated to 14 GeV or decelerated to 1 GeV for the experiments with a high-density internal target. The powerful beam cooling devices, stochastic cooling and electron cooling will support the provision of a high-resolution antiproton beam. The other option of FAIR is to prepare the low energy, 300 keV antiproton beam connecting the existing storage rings ESR and CRYRING with HESR. Beam physics issues related with these concepts are described.

  18. The health beliefs of health fair participants.

    PubMed

    Heath, J M; Lucic, K S; Hollifield, D; Kues, J R

    1991-08-01

    The motivations and health beliefs of adults who participate in community-based health promotion were studied through a survey of 303 adults attending five community health fairs. Subjects were predominately female (69.9%), over age 60 (66.8%), and had at least yearly contact with a family physician (85.3%). Obtaining laboratory testing services was the sole reason for attendance for 47% of participants, was thought to be of much greater importance than health educational materials also offered at the health fair, and identified as providing a sense of control over personal health care. Receiving their own normal test results was perceived as assuring a "healthy" future for 86% of participants and few used these results to support erroneous health beliefs. A theme of "positive health feedback", identified through factor analysis of survey responses, may prove useful for family physicians to incorporate into more directed and useful health promotion efforts for enhanced patient participation and satisfaction. PMID:1918436

  19. Evolution of responses to (un)fairness

    PubMed Central

    Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2015-01-01

    The human sense of fairness is an evolutionary puzzle. To study this, we can look to other species, in which this can be translated empirically into responses to reward distribution. Passive and active protest against receiving less than a partner for the same task is widespread in species that cooperate outside kinship and mating bonds. There is less evidence that nonhuman species seek to equalize outcomes to their own detriment, yet the latter has been documented in our closest relatives, the apes. This reaction probably reflects an attempt to forestall partner dissatisfaction with obtained outcomes and its negative impact on future cooperation. We hypothesize that it is the evolution of this response that allowed the development of a complete sense of fairness in humans, which aims not at equality for its own sake but for the sake of continued cooperation. PMID:25324394

  20. The NUSTAR Project at GSI and FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gerl, J.

    2015-11-01

    NUSTAR comprises the current nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions programme at GSI and its proposed continuation and extension at FAIR. NUSTAR relies on the availability of exotic rare-isotope beams produced by fragmentation reactions and fission of relativistic heavy ions. The fragment separator FRS and a versatile set of instruments, including gamma arrays, particle spectrometers and a storage ring, enable unique experiments at GSI. The Super-FRS at the FAIR facility will provide several orders of magnitude stronger beams, providing access to the extremes of nuclear stability. To exploit these opportunities novel experimental set-ups are in preparation. R&D efforts have already resulted in improved detectors and enable the NUSTAR collaboration to steadily enhance the sensitivity and selectivity limits of their experiments. Current NUSTAR physics highlights, as well as development projects and activities, will be discussed.

  1. FAIR: a Horizon for Future Charming Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ritman, James

    2007-11-01

    The science goals underlying the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion ResearchFAIR[1] that is being realized in Darmstadt span a broad range of research activities on the structure of matter. One component of this facility is directed towards studies of hadronic matter at the sub-nuclear level with beams of antiprotons. These studies focus on two key aspects: confinement of quarks and the generation of the hadron masses. These goals will be pursued by performing precision measurements of charged and neutral decay products from antiproton-proton annihilation in the charmonium mass region. In this talk I present some of the issues connected to FAIR in which the groups in Cracow and Jlich are extending and intensifying our cooperation.

  2. FAIR: a Horizon for Future Charming Physics

    SciTech Connect

    Ritman, James

    2007-11-07

    The science goals underlying the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research--FAIR--[1] that is being realized in Darmstadt span a broad range of research activities on the structure of matter. One component of this facility is directed towards studies of hadronic matter at the sub-nuclear level with beams of antiprotons. These studies focus on two key aspects: confinement of quarks and the generation of the hadron masses. These goals will be pursued by performing precision measurements of charged and neutral decay products from antiproton-proton annihilation in the charmonium mass region. In this talk I present some of the issues connected to FAIR in which the groups in Cracow and Juelich are extending and intensifying our cooperation.

  3. Photopolymrisation des monomres multifonctionnels dans une matrice polymre Effet de diffrents paramtres sur la ractivit des monomres

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bendaikha, T.; Boussaad, S.; Boutamdja, M.

    2005-05-01

    Un matriau polymre semi-interpntr a t obtenu par polymrisation d'un monomre diacrylate, le tripropylne glycol diacrylate (TPGDA) ou le 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate (HDDA) dispers dans une matrice organique qui est le polystyrne ou le copolymre lastomrique SBS. L'amorage de la raction se fait par voie photochimique en utilisant des photoamorceurs qui se dcomposent rapidement sous l'action des radiations UV mises par une lampe vapeur de mercure. La cintique de la raction a t suivie quantitativement par spectroscopie IR. Les effets de plusieurs paramtres sur la vitesse de la polymrisation ont t tudis.

  4. Hadron Physics with PANDA at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Wiedner, Ulrich

    2011-10-21

    The recently established FAIR facility in Darmstadt has a broad program in the field of hadron and nuclear physics utilizing ion beams with unprecedented intensity and accuracy. The PANDA experiment, which is integrated in the HESR storage ring for antiprotons is at the center of the hadron physics program. It includes among others topics like hadron spectroscopy in the charmonium mass region and below, hyperon physics and electromagnetic processes.

  5. Validating nursing competencies using a fair format.

    PubMed

    Carney, Diane M; Bistline, Betty

    2008-01-01

    Across the healthcare system, staff development specialists and nurse leaders have been challenged with the development, implementation, and evaluation of processes by which clinical nursing staff demonstrate competence in an efficient and effective manner. The purpose of this article is to describe one approach used in an acute care setting. Staff development specialists and nurse leaders played key roles in assessing, developing, and evaluating a nursing competency validation fair. PMID:18525415

  6. FAIR Cosmic Matter in the Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stcker, Horst; Sthlker, Thomas; Sturm, Christian

    To explore cosmic matter in the laboratory??this fascinating research prospect becomes available at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR. The new facility is being constructed within the next five years adjacent to the existing accelerator complex of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt/Germany, expanding the research goals and technical possibilities substantially. This includes new insights into the dynamics of supernovae depending on the properties of short-lived neutron-rich nuclei which will be investigated with intense rare isotope beams. New insights will be provided into the interior of stars by exploring dense plasmas with intense heavy-ion beams combined with a high-performance laser??or into neutron star cores by probing the highest baryon densities in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions at unprecedented collision rates. To the latter, the properties of hadrons play an important part which will be systematically studied by high precision hadron spectroscopy with antiproton beams at unmatched intensities. The worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities of FAIR will open the way for a broad spectrum of unprecedented fore-front research supplying a large variety of experiments in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics as well as biomedical and material science which will be briefly described in this article. This article is based on the FAIR Green Paper [4] and gives an update of former publications [5]-[11].

  7. FAIR - Cosmic matter in the laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stoecker, H.; Sturm, C.

    2014-09-01

    To explore cosmic matter in the laboratory - this fascinating research prospect becomes available in 2018 at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR. The new facility is being constructed within the next five years adjacent to the existing accelerator complex of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt/Germany, expanding the research goals and technical possibilities substantially. This includes new insights into the dynamics of supernovae depending on the properties of short-lived neutron-rich nuclei which will be investigated with intense rare isotope beams. New insights will be provided into the interior of stars by exploring dense plasmas with intense heavy-ion beams combined with a high-performance laser - or into neutron star cores by probing the highest baryon densities in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions at unprecedented collision rates. To the latter, the properties of hadrons play an important part which will be systematically studied by high precision hadron spectroscopy with antiproton beams at unmatched intensities. The worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities of FAIR will open the way for a broad spectrum of unprecedented fore-front research supplying a large variety of experiments in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics as well as biomedical and material science which will be briefly described in this article. This article is based on the FAIR Green Paper \

  8. Cryogenics for Super-FRS at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Xiang, Yu; Kauschke, Marion; Schroeder, Claus H.; Kollmus, Holger

    The challenge of cooling down the huge cold mass up to 1100 tons (dominated by iron) to 4.5 K is addressed as one of the most important features for Super-FRS cryogenics at FAIR. For such large cold mass precooling with LN2 is necessary due to the reason that approximately 80% of the cool down load is from 300K to 80K. The capacity of the LN2 precooler at 80 K as well as the 4.5 K cooling power have been specified in order to reach a reasonable cooldown time of three to four weeks. In the paper we will also discuss the technical issues for Super-FRS magnet testing at CERN in terms of the limitations of the cooldown / warmup rates on magnets, interface definition, and the magnet cryostat protection against over-pressure under worst-case scenarios, i.e., quench and insulation vacuum sudden loss to air, which are the key issues for the cryogenic test facility planning and machine protection at FAIR. Meanwhile the important features of the refrigerator and the cryogenic distribution system for the Super-FRS at FAIR will be discussed.

  9. FAIR - Cosmic Matter in the Laboratory

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stcker, Horst; Sthlker, Thomas; Sturm, Christian

    2015-06-01

    To explore cosmic matter in the laboratory - this fascinating research prospect becomes available at the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR. The new facility is being constructed within the next five years adjacent to the existing accelerator complex of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt/Germany, expanding the research goals and technical possibilities substantially. This includes new insights into the dynamics of supernovae depending on the properties of short-lived neutron-rich nuclei which will be investigated with intense rare isotope beams. New insights will be provided into the interior of stars by exploring dense plasmas with intense heavy-ion beams combined with a high-performance laser - or into neutron star cores by probing the highest baryon densities in relativistic nucleus-nucleus collisions at unprecedented collision rates. To the latter, the properties of hadrons play an important part which will be systematically studied by high precision hadron spectroscopy with antiproton beams at unmatched intensities. The worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities of FAIR will open the way for a broad spectrum of unprecedented fore-front research supplying a large variety of experiments in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics as well as biomedical and material science which will be briefly described in this article. This article is based on the FAIR Green Paper [4] and gives an update of former publications [5] - [12].

  10. Interactivity vs. fairness in networked linux systems

    SciTech Connect

    Wu, Wenji; Crawford, Matt; ,

    2007-01-01

    In general, the Linux 2.6 scheduler can ensure fairness and provide excellent interactive performance at the same time. However, our experiments and mathematical analysis have shown that the current Linux interactivity mechanism tends to incorrectly categorize non-interactive network applications as interactive, which can lead to serious fairness or starvation issues. In the extreme, a single process can unjustifiably obtain up to 95% of the CPU! The root cause is due to the facts that: (1) network packets arrive at the receiver independently and discretely, and the 'relatively fast' non-interactive network process might frequently sleep to wait for packet arrival. Though each sleep lasts for a very short period of time, the wait-for-packet sleeps occur so frequently that they lead to interactive status for the process. (2) The current Linux interactivity mechanism provides the possibility that a non-interactive network process could receive a high CPU share, and at the same time be incorrectly categorized as 'interactive.' In this paper, we propose and test a possible solution to address the interactivity vs. fairness problems. Experiment results have proved the effectiveness of the proposed solution.

  11. Une rare cause de sciatique non discale: une polyarthrite rhumatoïde

    PubMed Central

    Akasbi, Nessrine; Abourazzak, Fatima Ezzahra; Harzy, Taoufik

    2014-01-01

    La polyarthrite rhumatoïde est le rhumatisme inflammatoire chronique le plus fréquent. Ses complications neurologiques sont dominées par les neuropathies périphériques, cliniquement asymptomatiques, mais peuvent être détectées sur l’électromyogramme (EMG). Nous rapportons l'observation d'une patiente qui a présenté une neuropathie sensitivo-motrice aux deux membres inférieurs associée à une sciatique de topographie L5 d'origine rhumatoïde. PMID:25709734

  12. 75 FR 77048 - Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-10

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations AGENCY: Office of... on the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing... person from using certain information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for...

  13. 75 FR 61842 - Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-06

    ... Office of Thrift Supervision Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing Regulations AGENCY: Office of... concerning the following information collection. Title of Proposal: Fair Credit Reporting Affiliate Marketing... person from using certain information received from an affiliate to make a solicitation for...

  14. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  15. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  16. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions 51.580 Fairly well developed. Fairly well... midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the center of the stalk....

  17. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an...

  18. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  19. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  20. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an...

  1. 7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. “Fairly well formed” means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts materially from...

  2. Carcinome mucineux primitif cutan: propos de deux cas et d'une revue de la literature

    PubMed Central

    Souaf, Ihsane; Ameurtesse, Hassania; Debbagh, Fatema Zehra; Idrissi, Karima; Znati, Kawter; Amarti, Affaf

    2014-01-01

    Le carcinome mucineux primitif cutan est une tumeur annexielle rare, dveloppe partir des glandes sudoripares. Il se localise en gnrale l'extrmit cphalique, surtout la rgion priorbitaire. Nous rapportons deux observations d'un carcinome mucineux primitif de la face et de la rgion axillaire, chez deux patients gs de 60 ans. Ltude histologique montrait une prolifration tumorale dermohypodermique, faite de cellules organises en cordons, en amas et en massif cribriformes, au sein d'une substance mucode. En immunohistochimie les cellules tumorales exprimaient la cytokratine 7, l'EMA et les rcepteurs hormonaux. L'actine musculaire lisse a bien marqu les cellules myopithliales au niveau de la composante in situ dans un seul cas. Le carcinome mucineux primitif cutan est difficile diffrencier d'une mtastase mammaire ou digestive. La mise en vidence de carcinome in situ ou de cellules myopithliale est en faveur de l'origine cutane primitive. C'est une tumeur croissance lente, avec des mtastases exceptionnelles. Le traitement est chirurgical et le taux de rcidive est trs lev. Et travers ces deux observations, les auteurs mettent en relief les principaux aspects cliniques, histologiques, thrapeutiques de cette entit avec une revue de la littrature. PMID:25574316

  3. Une démangeaison incurable

    PubMed Central

    Smith, Christine H.; Goldman, Ran D.

    2012-01-01

    Résumé Question Dans de nombreuses communautés, on continue à voir survenir des infestations de poux de tête. Certains enfants ont besoin de multiples traitements avant que les poux soient éradiqués. Quels sont les traitements actuellement recommandés pour se débarrasser des poux de tête? Réponse Les infestations de poux de tête (Pediculus humanus capitis) sont fréquentes, surtout chez les enfants d’âge scolaire. Pour minimiser la résistance des poux, l’utilisation des insecticides et la stigmatisation sociale, on devrait limiter le diagnostic et le traitement à ceux qui ont des poux vivants sur le cuir chevelu. Les options de prise en charge prennent surtout la forme de thérapies topiques ou de l’enlèvement physique. Il y a peu d’études importantes qui comparent l’efficacité de ces traitements. Si on utilise des insecticides topiques, il faut répéter le traitement environ 7 jours après et si on a recours au peigne fin sur cheveux mouillés, il faut le faire aux 2 à 3 jours pendant 2 semaines. Les tendances dans la résistance des poux varient grandement selon la région et la résistance est maintenant la cause la plus fréquente de l’échec du traitement.

  4. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... port director for the transfer of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to...

  5. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... port director for the transfer of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to...

  6. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... port director for the transfer of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to...

  7. 19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13... TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Procedure for Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a... port director for the transfer of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to...

  8. 78 FR 79410 - Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-12-30

    ... PROTECTION Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice regarding charges for certain disclosures under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. SUMMARY: The Bureau... Section 612(f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) will remain unchanged at $11.50 for 2014....

  9. 16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR AND PLASTIC-WRAPPED ACTUATOR FOR FAIRING THAT WILL ENCLOSE A DMSP SATELLITE. (FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR COMPRESSES TO ONE-THIRD OF ITS SIZE.) - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  10. 77 FR 20011 - Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-04-03

    ... PROTECTION RIN 3170-AA06 Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice regarding charges for certain disclosures under the Fair Credit Reporting Act... charges under Section 612(f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (``FCRA'') will increase from $11.00 to...

  11. 77 FR 74831 - Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-12-18

    ... PROTECTION Fair Credit Reporting Act Disclosures AGENCY: Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection. ACTION: Notice regarding charges for certain disclosures under the Fair Credit Reporting Act. SUMMARY: The Bureau... Section 612(f) of the Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) will remain unchanged at $11.50 for 2013....

  12. Connections to Career Opportunities. A Multi-Purpose Career Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lammers, Gale; Gregory, B. J., Ed.

    This publication provides a description of the Phillips Community College (Arkansas) multipurpose career fair as well as a step-by-step planning and implementation guide for putting on a career fair. The Phillips career fair provides an exchange of information and interaction for persons seeking employment, career awareness and employment, and

  13. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  14. 17 CFR 201.1100 - Creation of Fair Fund.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Creation of Fair Fund. 201.1100 Section 201.1100 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Fair Fund and Disgorgement Plans 201.1100 Creation of Fair Fund. In any agency process...

  15. 23 CFR 710.709 - Determination of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Determination of fair market value. 710.709 Section 710... RIGHT-OF-WAY AND REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements 710.709 Determination of fair market value. (a) Fair market value may be determined either on a best value basis, highest net present value of...

  16. 25 CFR 700.119 - Establishment of fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Establishment of fair market value. 700.119 Section 700... PROCEDURES Acquisition and Disposal of Habitations and/or Improvements 700.119 Establishment of fair market value. (a) General. The Commission shall establish the amount of fair market value to be offered to...

  17. 50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section... (CONTINUED) THE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE SYSTEM REFUGE REVENUE SHARING WITH COUNTIES 34.7 Fair market value... procedures in order to estimate the fair market value of each area as a whole. The evaluation will...

  18. 23 CFR 710.707 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 23 Highways 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market value. 710.707 Section 710.707 Highways... REAL ESTATE Concession Agreements 710.707 Fair market value. A highway agency shall receive fair market value for any concession agreement involving a federally funded highway....

  19. 25 CFR 700.61 - Fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Fair market value. 700.61 Section 700.61 Indians THE OFFICE OF NAVAJO AND HOPI INDIAN RELOCATION COMMISSION OPERATIONS AND RELOCATION PROCEDURES General Policies and Instructions Definitions 700.61 Fair market value. Fair market value shall mean the...

  20. 41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false What is FAIRS? 102-33.395 Section 102-33.395 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management...) 102-33.395 What is FAIRS? FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to...

  1. Guidelines for Sex-Fair Vocational Education Materials.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Women on Words and Images, Princeton, NJ.

    Guidelines for sex-fair vocational education materials are presented based on the following criteria: a fifty-fifty balance of males and females in any material, sex neutral or sex-fair language, specific mention of issues involved in nontraditional career choices for males and females, and sex-fair occupational descriptions that accurately…

  2. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085... Definitions 51.2085 Fairly uniform color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color, whether bleached or natural....

  3. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407... Definitions 51.1407 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color to materially detract from the general appearance of the lot....

  4. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... 51.1447 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  5. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... 51.1447 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  6. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085... Definitions 51.2085 Fairly uniform color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color, whether bleached or natural....

  7. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407... Definitions 51.1407 Fairly uniform in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color to materially detract from the general appearance of the lot....

  8. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147.33 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator....

  9. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147.33 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator....

  10. 19 CFR 147.33 - Reimbursement by fair operator.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Reimbursement by fair operator. 147.33 Section 147.33 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TRADE FAIRS Customs Supervision 147.33 Reimbursement by fair operator....

  11. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  12. Science Fairs: Promoting Positive Attitudes Towards Science from Student Participation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Janell D.; Cordry, Sheila; Unline, Carol

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of the article is to describe step by step procedures teachers can use to successfully engage their students in the development of science fair projects. The article further explains how the student should prepare their science fair project for science fair competition. It is expected that increasing student participation in science

  13. Travelling the Road beyond the Curriculum through a Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avraamidou, Lucy; Evagorou, Maria

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we describe a model for a science fair, within the context of an elementary science methods course. We first describe the theoretical perspectives from which the idea of science fairs derives and we provide definitions as we sketch the characteristics of commonly used science fairs. We then describe the context and processes of a

  14. The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects, Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bochinski, Julianne Blair

    Science fairs have become an important key to gathering valuable science experience while pursuing independent projects. This book serves as a guide to every aspect of science fairs and science fair projects. It provides information on finding suitable topics, researching them properly, developing experiments, and giving meaning to data results.

  15. Is the Market Fair? Series on Public Issues No. 8.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keim, Gerald

    In this booklet, one of a series intended to apply economic principles to major social and political issues of the day, the position is taken that questions of fairness have little meaning when discussing economic issues like prices, wages, and profits. It is argued that one reason for the frequent use of terms like fair and fairness is ignorance

  16. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair... the case of an affected farmer who markets his whole milk through a milk handler, by multiplying...

  17. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair... the case of an affected farmer who markets his whole milk through a milk handler, by multiplying...

  18. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5... Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall determine the fair... the case of an affected farmer who markets his whole milk through a milk handler, by multiplying...

  19. Technology Is Changing What's "Fair Use" in Teaching.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howe-Steiger, Linda; Donohue, Brian

    2002-01-01

    Describes the ways in which technology is changing the Doctrine of Fair Use. Desktop publishing and Internet and Web-based teaching are expected to erode traditional applications of Fair Use for educational purposes. Makes the case that instructors and researchers should assume that there is no Fair Use on the Internet. (SLD)

  20. 7 CFR 3565.353 - Affirmative fair housing marketing.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Affirmative fair housing marketing. 3565.353 Section... fair housing marketing. As a condition of the guarantee, the lender must ensure that the lender and borrower are in compliance with the approved Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. This plan must...

  1. 24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT GENERAL INTRODUCTION TO FHA PROGRAMS Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Regulations § 200.625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation in FHA housing... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Affirmative fair housing...

  2. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture... Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1...

  3. 7 CFR 51.771 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.771 Section 51.771 Agriculture..., CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Grapefruit Definitions § 51.771 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that except for an aggregate area of green color...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored as applied to common oranges and tangelos means that except for an aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch...

  5. 32 CFR 151.7 - Fair trial guarantees.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Fair trial guarantees. 151.7 Section 151.7 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE REGULATIONS PERTAINING TO MILITARY JUSTICE STATUS OF FORCES POLICIES AND INFORMATION 151.7 Fair trial guarantees. The following is a listing of fair trial safeguards...

  6. Description matricielle de l'anisotropie de la transition inter-sous-bande d'une structure multi-puits quantiques

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Boucher, Y. G.; Le Rouzo, J.; Ribet, I.; Hadar, R.; Gurineau, N.

    2006-10-01

    Dans un puits quantique, les transitions radiatives inter-sous-bande sont telles que seule la composante du champ lectrique parallle l'axe de croissance est affecte. Cette spcificit confre l'absorption un caractre foncirement anisotrope. Nous tablissons la matrice de transfert d'une structure multi-puits quantiques en assimilant chaque puits une couche mince anisotrope uniaxe. l'anisotropie intrinsque (rgles de slection) se superpose une anisotropie structurelle (birfringence de forme). Les symtries du systme permettent nanmoins de dcoupler les tats de polarisation (s) et (p).

  7. Epiplooplastie médiastinale dans le traitement d'une médiastinite post chirurgie cardiaque: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Labsaili, Hicham; Borik, Waseem; Demondion, Pierre; Leprince, Pascal

    2014-01-01

    Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient diabétique et obèse, opéré d'une chirurgie de revascularisation myocardique avec l'utilisation des deux artères mammaires internes comme greffon. L'intervention s'est compliquée d'une médiastinite traitée premièrement à thorax fermé et secondairement par une épiplooplastie. Cette technique reste efficace dans les médiastinites graves et délabrantes. Tout chirurgien cardiaque et digestif doit la connaitre. PMID:25883735

  8. [QALYs and fairness: health economic approaches to the fairness issue and their problems].

    PubMed

    Klonschinski, A; Lübbe, W

    2011-10-01

    Empirical studies have shown that QALY-maximization leads to results that are perceived as unfair. Health economists have attempted to integrate fairness aspects in Cost-Utility Analysis by means of equity weighting. A well-known example is Cost-Value Analysis (Nord et al.). Over and above the value of individual health related utilities, it tries to capture the value of distributing resources fairly. The debate has shown, however, that these approaches face several problems. The present contribution argues that the difficulties are of a more fundamental nature than most contributors to the debate have hitherto assumed. Cost-utility analysis, we believe, cannot consistently be adjusted to meet fairness objections by means of weighting schemes. PMID:21259190

  9. Expanded HTA: Enhancing Fairness and Legitimacy

    PubMed Central

    Daniels, Norman; Porteny, Thalia; Urritia, Julian

    2016-01-01

    All societies face the need to make judgments about what interventions (both public health and personal medical) to provide to their populations under reasonable resource constraints. Their decisions should be informed by good evidence and arguments from health technology assessment (HTA). But if HTA restricts itself to evaluations of safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness, it risks being viewed as insufficient to guide health decision-makers; if it addresses other issues, such as budget impact, equity, and financial protection, it may be accused of overreaching. But the risk of overreaching can be reduced by embedding HTA in a fair, deliberative process that meets the conditions required by accountability for reasonableness. PMID:26673643

  10. Expanded HTA: Enhancing Fairness and Legitimacy.

    PubMed

    Daniels, Norman; Porteny, Thalia; Urritia, Julian

    2015-01-01

    All societies face the need to make judgments about what interventions (both public health and personal medical) to provide to their populations under reasonable resource constraints. Their decisions should be informed by good evidence and arguments from health technology assessment (HTA). But if HTA restricts itself to evaluations of safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness, it risks being viewed as insufficient to guide health decision-makers; if it addresses other issues, such as budget impact, equity, and financial protection, it may be accused of overreaching. But the risk of overreaching can be reduced by embedding HTA in a fair, deliberative process that meets the conditions required by accountability for reasonableness. PMID:26673643

  11. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2012: FAIR NExt Generation of ScientistS 2012

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arcones, Almudena; Bleicher, Marcus; Fritsch, Miriam; Galatyuk, Tetyana; Nicmorus, Diana; Petersen, Hannah; Ratti, Claudia; Tolos, Laura

    2013-03-01

    FAIRNESS 2012 was the first in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on 3-8 September 2012 in Hersonissos, Greece. The workshop covered a wide range of topics, both theoretical developments and current experimental status, that concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference was to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permament position to present their work and to foster active informal discussions and the build-up of networks. Every participant at the meeting, with the exception of the organizers, gave an oral presentation and all sessions were followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks questions were collected anonymously in a circulating box to stimulate these discussions. Since the physics program of FAIR is very broad, this was reflected in the wide range of topics covered at the conference: Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions Hadron Spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NuSTAR, as well as NICA and the RHIC low beam energy scan New developments in atomic and plasma physics In each of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2012 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of research that is dedicated to the physics of FAIR. February 2013, Organizers of FAIRNESS 2012: Almudena Arcones, Marcus Bleicher, Miriam Fritsch, Tetyana Galatyuk, Diana Nicmorus, Hannah Petersen, Claudia Ratti and Laura Tolos Support for holding the conference was provided by: logos

  12. PREFACE: FAIRNESS 2013: FAIR NExt generation of ScientistS 2013

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petersen, Hannah; Destefanis, Marco; Galatyuk, Tetyana; Montes, Fernando; Nicmorus, Diana; Ratti, Claudia; Tolos, Laura; Vogel, Sascha

    2014-04-01

    FAIRNESS 2013 was the second edition in a series of workshops designed to bring together excellent international young scientists with research interests focused on physics at FAIR (Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research) and was held on 16-21 September 2013 in Berlin, Germany. The topics of the workshop cover a wide range of aspects in both theoretical developments and current experimental status, concentrated around the four scientific pillars of FAIR. FAIR is a new accelerator complex with brand new experimental facilities, that is currently being built next to the existing GSI Helmholtzzentrum for Schwerionenforschung close to Darmstadt, Germany. The spirit of the conference is to bring together young scientists, e.g. advanced PhD students and postdocs and young researchers without permanent position to present their work, to foster active informal discussions and build up of networks. Every participant in the meeting with the exception of the organizers gives an oral presentation, and all sessions are followed by an hour long discussion period. During the talks, questions are anonymously collected in box to stimulate discussions. Since the physics program of FAIR is very broad, this is reflected in the wide range of topics covered at the Conference: Physics of hot and dense nuclear matter, QCD phase transitions and critical point Nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions Hadron spectroscopy, Hadrons in matter and Hypernuclei Special emphasis is put on the experiments CBM, HADES, PANDA, NuSTAR, as well as NICA and the RHIC low beam energy scan New developments in atomic and plasma physics For all of these different areas one invited speaker was selected to give a longer introductory presentation. The write-ups of the talks presented at FAIRNESS 2013 are the content of this issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series and have been refereed according to the IOP standard for peer review. This issue constitutes therefore a collection of the forefront of research that is dedicated to the physics of FAIR. February 2014. Organizers of FAIRNESS 2013: Marco Destefanis, Tetyana Galatyuk, Fernando Montes, Diana Nicmorus, Hannah Petersen, Claudia Ratti, Laura Tolos, and Sascha Vogel. Support for holding the conference was provided by: Logos

  13. Une recension des écrits concernant la réalité psychoaffective des femmes ayant une vulvodynie : Difficultés rencontrées et stratégies développées

    PubMed Central

    Cantin-Drouin, Maude; Damant, Dominique; Turcotte, Daniel

    2008-01-01

    HISTORIQUE : Au cours des trois dernières décennies, une attention grandissante a été portée à l’étude du syndrome de vulvodynie, soit un inconfort vulvaire chronique inexpliqué, éprouvé en l’absence de pathologie précisée. En plus d’avoir des répercussions physiques, l’expérience de la vulvodynie comporte une dimension psychosociale. OBJECTIF : Cet article vise à faire une recension des écrits sur la réalité psychoaffective des femmes qui éprouvent une vulvodynie. MÉTHODE : Une recherche documentaire basée sur une exploration systématique de textes présentant des résultats de recherche et recensés dans les principales banques de données en sciences sociales, dont Dissertation Abstracts, Current Contents et PsycINFO, a été réalisée. RÉSULTATS : Cette recension des écrits révèle, malgré la présence de certains résultats divergents, que les femmes ayant une vulvodynie affrontent souvent des difficultés identitaires et psychologiques, qui sont influencées notamment par les normes sociales de sexualité et de féminité. Pour composer avec ces difficultés, les femmes développent différentes stratégies visant à diminuer le stress occasionné par la douleur et à améliorer leur bien-être psychologique. CONCLUSION : Les difficultés relationnelles et psychologiques vécues par les femmes ayant une vulvodynie ne découlent pas seulement de la douleur physique, mais aussi du sens qu’elles lui accordent, souvent influencé par les discours sociaux sur l’hétérosexualité et la féminité. Il importe donc d’intervenir auprès des femmes en tenant compte de l’influence du contexte social tout en poursuivant le développement des connaissances sur les aspects psychosociaux de cette expérience. PMID:18592063

  14. The use of health fairs in health promotion.

    PubMed

    Burron, Alice; Chapman, Larry S

    2011-01-01

    Health fairs have been a typical intervention for most worksite and community health promotion programs. They are often one of the first types of intervention selected for use. Historically, they can be traced back to public health interventions conducted at 19th century county and state fairs, and have shown considerable sustaining resilience over time. A proposed 21st-century modification includes the concept of virtual health fairs, which use the Internet and provide a cyber version of the traditional health fair. Various programming strategies are proposed that have the potential to enhance the behavior change, risk mitigation, and economic return associated with health fairs. PMID:21721953

  15. How fairly do chimpanzees play the ultimatum game?

    PubMed Central

    Proctor, Darby; Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

    2013-01-01

    Humans can behave fairly, but can other species? Recently we tested chimpanzees on a classic human test for fairness, the Ultimatum Game, and found that they behaved similarly to humans. In humans, Ultimatum Game behavior is cited as evidence for a human sense of fairness. By that same logic, we concluded that chimpanzees behaved fairly in our recent study. However, we make a distinction between behavior and motivation. Both humans and chimpanzees behaved fairly, but determining why they did so is more challenging. PMID:23713135

  16. How fairly do chimpanzees play the ultimatum game?

    PubMed

    Proctor, Darby; Brosnan, Sarah F; de Waal, Frans B M

    2013-05-01

    Humans can behave fairly, but can other species? Recently we tested chimpanzees on a classic human test for fairness, the Ultimatum Game, and found that they behaved similarly to humans. In humans, Ultimatum Game behavior is cited as evidence for a human sense of fairness. By that same logic, we concluded that chimpanzees behaved fairly in our recent study. However, we make a distinction between behavior and motivation. Both humans and chimpanzees behaved fairly, but determining why they did so is more challenging. PMID:23713135

  17. The Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Heuser, Johann M.

    2013-05-01

    The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment will explore the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter in the region of high net baryon densities. The experiment is being laid out for nuclear collision rates from 0.1 to 10 MHz to access a unique wide spectrum of probes, including rarest particles like hadrons containing charm quarks, or multi-strange hyperons. The physics programme will be performed with ion beams of energies up to 45 GeV/nucleon. Those will be delivered by the SIS-300 synchrotron at the completed FAIR accelerator complex. Parts of the research programme can already be addressed with the SIS-100 synchrotron at the start of FAIR operation in 2018. The initial energy range of up to 11 GeV/nucleon for heavy nuclei, 14 GeV/nucleon for light nuclei, and 29 GeV for protons, allows addressing the equation of state of compressed nuclear matter, the properties of hadrons in a dense medium, the production and propagation of charm near the production threshold, and exploring the third, strange dimension of the nuclide chart.In this article we summarize the CBM physics programme, the preparation of the detector, and give an outline of the recently begun construction of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research.

  18. Towards Proton Therapy and Radiography at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prall, M.; Lang, P. M.; LaTessa, C.; Mariam, F.; Merrill, F.; Shestov, L.; Simoniello, P.; Varentsov, D.; Durante, M.

    2015-04-01

    Protons having energies in the GeV range have been proposed as an alternative to Bragg-peak hadron therapy. This strategy reduces lateral scattering and overcomes uncertainties of particle range and relative biological effectiveness. GeV protons could additionally be used for targeting in image guided stereotactic radiosurgery. We experimentally demonstrated the potential of GeV protons for imaging of biological samples using E=0.8 GeV protons and the pRad setup at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL). In this setup, a system of magnetic lenses creates a point-to-point mapping from object to detector. This mapping compensates image blur due to lateral scattering inside the imaged (biological) object. We produced 2-dim proton radiographs of biological samples, an anthropomorphic phantom and performed simple dosimetry. High resolution tomographic reconstructions were derived from the 2-dim proton radiographs. Our experiment was performed within the framework of the PANTERA (Proton Therapy and Radiography) project. In the future, the proton microscope PRIOR (Proton Microscope for FAIR) located in the FAIR facility (Darmstadt), will focus on optimizing the technique for imaging of lesions implanted in animals and couple the irradiation with standard radiotherapy.

  19. Proton microscopy at GSI and FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Merrill, Frank E; Mariam, Fesseha G; Golubev, A A; Turtikov, V I; Varentsov, D

    2009-01-01

    Proton radiography was invented in the 1990's at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as a diagnostic to study dynamic material properties under extreme pressures, strain and strain rate. Since this time hundreds of dynamic proton radiography experiments have been performed at LANL and facilities have been commissioned at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Russia for similar applications in dynamic material studies. Recently an international collaboration was formed to develop a new proton radiography capability for the study of dynamic material properties at the Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR) located at Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. This new Proton microscope for FAIR (PRIOR) will provide radiographic imaging of dynamic systems with unprecedented spatial, temporal and density resolution, resulting in a window for understanding dynamic material properties at new length scales. These dynamic experiments will be driven with many energy sources including heavy ions, high explosives and lasers. The design of the proton microscope and expected radiographic performance is presented.

  20. Centaur D-1A nose fairing jettison test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Prati, W. M.

    1976-01-01

    An experimental investigation was conducted to verify the functional and structural capability of the Centaur D-1A nose fairing. A full-scale flight-type nose fairing was jettisoned at the Lewis Research Center Space Power Chamber at simulated altitude. Two complete jettisons of the nose fairing were performed, one without aft helper springs and one with aft helper springs. A ''static'' rotation test was also performed to verify capability of the helper springs and to allow clearance measurements between the nose fairing and spacecraft envelope mock-up at certain discrete nose fairing rotation angles. Nose fairing trajectories, structural deflections, clearances, and hinge forces during jettison are presented. Data from subsequent Centaur D-1A flights, relative to nose fairing jettisons, are compared with the experimental results.

  1. Cr^{2+}: ZnSe polycristallin ; matriau laser pour le MIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herriot, S.; Pocholle, J. P.; Berger, V.; Pham-Thi, M.; Lallier, E.; Julien, F.; Triboulet, R.; Fusil, S.

    2002-06-01

    Le semi-conducteur II-VI, ZnSe, dop au Cr2+ prsente une mission laser dans le moyen infrarouge entre 2 et 3 ?m 300 K. Une accordabilit en longueur d'onde entre 2.2 et 2.62 ?m a dj t observe. L'intrt des polycristaux de ZnSe en tant que matriau hte pour le Cr^{2+} est non ngligeable en terme de cot et de dimension comparativement aux monocristaux. L'tude des deux types de matrice a permis de quantifier les pertes et les efficacits laser. En rgime de commutation de gain, le polycristal prsente une efficacit optique-optique de 28% contre 33% pour un monocristal de Cr^{2+}: ZnSe.

  2. 78 FR 30384 - Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing; Region X Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-05-22

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS.... Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open meeting of the Regional (Region X) Small Business Regulatory Fairness Board. SUMMARY: The (SBA) Office of the National Ombudsman is issuing...

  3. 75 FR 18245 - Public Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing Region IX Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS.... Small Business Administration (SBA) Region IX Regulatory Fairness Board and the SBA Office of the... Conference Room, 3851 Rosecrans Street, San Diego, CA 92110-3115. The purpose of the meeting is for...

  4. 76 FR 26333 - National Federal Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Hearing Region III Regulatory Fairness Board

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-05-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office SMALL BUSINESS... AGENCY: U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA). ACTION: Notice of open hearing of the Regional (Region III) Small Business Regulatory Fairness Board. SUMMARY: The SBA, Office of the National Ombudsman...

  5. Fairly Pretty or Pretty Fair? On the Development and Grammaticalization of English Downtowners.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nevalainen, Terttu; Rissanen, Matti

    2002-01-01

    Discuses the adverbialization of two roughly synonymous present-day English intensifiers, "pretty" and "fairly." Based on electronic corpora, a quantitative analysis of their long-term history is provided using the framework of adverb functions proposed by Quirk et al (1995). (Author/VWL)

  6. La duplication rectale de l'adulte: une cause exceptionnelle de masse pelvienne

    PubMed Central

    El Fahssi, Mohammed; Baba, Hicham; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    La duplication rectale est une anomalie constitutionnelle rare du tube digestif, elle représente 5% des duplications digestives son diagnostic se fait habituellement au tour de la période néonatale ou pendant les premières années de vie et ce n'est qu'exceptionnellement que son diagnostic reste méconnu jusqu’à l’âge adulte. Nous rapportant le cas d'une duplication rectale chez une femme de 41 ans se plaignant de douleurs pelviennes, l'examen clinique suivi des examens complémentaires ont suspecté le diagnostic la patiente est opérée par un abord antérieur isolé, permettant l'exérèse de la totalité de la masse kystique dont examen anatomo-pathologique confirme le diagnostic de duplication rectale kystique postérieure non communicante. L’évolution postopératoire est satisfaisante sans morbidité sur un recul de 20 mois. PMID:26985264

  7. The sunny side of fairness: preference for fairness activates reward circuitry (and disregarding unfairness activates self-control circuitry).

    PubMed

    Tabibnia, Golnaz; Satpute, Ajay B; Lieberman, Matthew D

    2008-04-01

    Little is known about the positive emotional impact of fairness or the process of resolving conflict between fairness and financial interests. In past research, fairness has covaried with monetary payoff, such that the mental processes underlying preference for fairness and those underlying preference for greater monetary outcome could not be distinguished. We examined self-reported happiness and neural responses to fair and unfair offers while controlling for monetary payoff. Compared with unfair offers of equal monetary value, fair offers led to higher happiness ratings and activation in several reward regions of the brain. Furthermore, the tendency to accept unfair proposals was associated with increased activity in right ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, a region involved in emotion regulation, and with decreased activity in the anterior insula, which has been implicated in negative affect. This work provides evidence that fairness is hedonically valued and that tolerating unfair treatment for material gain involves a pattern of activation resembling suppression of negative affect. PMID:18399886

  8. Compressed baryonic matter at FAIR: JINR participation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kurilkin, P.; Ladygin, V.; Malakhov, A.; Senger, P.

    2015-11-01

    The scientific mission of the Compressed Baryonic Matter(CBM) experiment is the study of the nuclear matter properties at the high baryon densities in heavy ion collisions at the Facility of Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. We present the results on JINR participation in the CBM experiment. JINR teams are responsible on the design, the coordination of superconducting(SC) magnet manufacture, its testing and installation in CBM cave. Together with Silicon Tracker System it will provide the momentum resolution better 1% for different configuration of CBM setup. The characteristics and technical aspects of the magnet are discussed. JINR plays also a significant role in the manufacture of two straw tracker station for the muon detection system. JINR team takes part in the development of new method for simulation, processing and analysis experimental data for different basic detectors of CBM.

  9. Privacy, Liveliness and Fairness for Reputation

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Schiffner, Stefan; Clauß, Sebastian; Steinbrecher, Sandra

    In various Internet applications, reputation systems are typical means to collect experiences users make with each other. We present a reputation system that balances the security and privacy requirements of all users involed. Our system provides privacy in the form of information theoretic relationship anonymity w.r.t. users and the reputation provider. Furthermore, it preserves liveliness, i.e., all past ratings can influence the current reputation profile of a user. In addition, mutual ratings are forced to be simultaneous and self rating is prevented, which enforces fairness. What is more, without performing mock interactions - even if all users are colluding - users cannot forge ratings. As far as we know, this is the first protocol proposed that fulfills all these properties simultaneously.

  10. Do infants have a sense of fairness?

    PubMed Central

    Sloane, Stephanie; Baillargeon, Renée; Premack, David

    2012-01-01

    Two experiments examined infants’ expectations about how an experimenter should distribute resources and rewards to others. In Experiment 1, 19-month-olds expected an experimenter to divide two items equally, as opposed to unequally, between two individuals. Infants held no particular expectation when the individuals were replaced with inanimate objects, or when the experimenter simply removed covers in front of the individuals to reveal the items (instead of distributing them). In Experiment 2, 21-month-olds expected an experimenter to give a reward to each of two individuals when both had worked to complete an assigned chore, but not when one of the individuals had done all the work while the other played. Infants held this expectation only when the experimenter could determine through visual inspection who had worked and who had not. Together, these results provide converging evidence that infants in the second year of life already possess context sensitive-expectations relevant to fairness. PMID:22258431

  11. Nuclear astrophysics with radioactive ions at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reifarth, R.; Altstadt, S.; Göbel, K.; Heftrich, T.; Heil, M.; Koloczek, A.; Langer, C.; Plag, R.; Pohl, M.; Sonnabend, K.; Weigand, M.; Adachi, T.; Aksouh, F.; Al-Khalili, J.; AlGarawi, M.; AlGhamdi, S.; Alkhazov, G.; Alkhomashi, N.; Alvarez-Pol, H.; Alvarez-Rodriguez, R.; Andreev, V.; Andrei, B.; Atar, L.; Aumann, T.; Avdeichikov, V.; Bacri, C.; Bagchi, S.; Barbieri, C.; Beceiro, S.; Beck, C.; Beinrucker, C.; Belier, G.; Bemmerer, D.; Bendel, M.; Benlliure, J.; Benzoni, G.; Berjillos, R.; Bertini, D.; Bertulani, C.; Bishop, S.; Blasi, N.; Bloch, T.; Blumenfeld, Y.; Bonaccorso, A.; Boretzky, K.; Botvina, A.; Boudard, A.; Boutachkov, P.; Boztosun, I.; Bracco, A.; Brambilla, S.; Briz Monago, J.; Caamano, M.; Caesar, C.; Camera, F.; Casarejos, E.; Catford, W.; Cederkall, J.; Cederwall, B.; Chartier, M.; Chatillon, A.; Cherciu, M.; Chulkov, L.; Coleman-Smith, P.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Crespi, F.; Crespo, R.; Cresswell, J.; Csatlós, M.; Déchery, F.; Davids, B.; Davinson, T.; Derya, V.; Detistov, P.; Diaz Fernandez, P.; DiJulio, D.; Dmitry, S.; Doré, D.; Dueñas, J.; Dupont, E.; Egelhof, P.; Egorova, I.; Elekes, Z.; Enders, J.; Endres, J.; Ershov, S.; Ershova, O.; Fernandez-Dominguez, B.; Fetisov, A.; Fiori, E.; Fomichev, A.; Fonseca, M.; Fraile, L.; Freer, M.; Friese, J.; Borge, M. G.; Galaviz Redondo, D.; Gannon, S.; Garg, U.; Gasparic, I.; Gasques, L.; Gastineau, B.; Geissel, H.; Gernhäuser, R.; Ghosh, T.; Gilbert, M.; Glorius, J.; Golubev, P.; Gorshkov, A.; Gourishetty, A.; Grigorenko, L.; Gulyas, J.; Haiduc, M.; Hammache, F.; Harakeh, M.; Hass, M.; Heine, M.; Hennig, A.; Henriques, A.; Herzberg, R.; Holl, M.; Ignatov, A.; Ignatyuk, A.; Ilieva, S.; Ivanov, M.; Iwasa, N.; Jakobsson, B.; Johansson, H.; Jonson, B.; Joshi, P.; Junghans, A.; Jurado, B.; Körner, G.; Kalantar, N.; Kanungo, R.; Kelic-Heil, A.; Kezzar, K.; Khan, E.; Khanzadeev, A.; Kiselev, O.; Kogimtzis, M.; Körper, D.; Kräckmann, S.; Kröll, T.; Krücken, R.; Krasznahorkay, A.; Kratz, J.; Kresan, D.; Krings, T.; Krumbholz, A.; Krupko, S.; Kulessa, R.; Kumar, S.; Kurz, N.; Kuzmin, E.; Labiche, M.; Langanke, K.; Lazarus, I.; Le Bleis, T.; Lederer, C.; Lemasson, A.; Lemmon, R.; Liberati, V.; Litvinov, Y.; Löher, B.; Lopez Herraiz, J.; Münzenberg, G.; Machado, J.; Maev, E.; Mahata, K.; Mancusi, D.; Marganiec, J.; Martinez Perez, M.; Marusov, V.; Mengoni, D.; Million, B.; Morcelle, V.; Moreno, O.; Movsesyan, A.; Nacher, E.; Najafi, M.; Nakamura, T.; Naqvi, F.; Nikolski, E.; Nilsson, T.; Nociforo, C.; Nolan, P.; Novatsky, B.; Nyman, G.; Ornelas, A.; Palit, R.; Pandit, S.; Panin, V.; Paradela, C.; Parkar, V.; Paschalis, S.; Pawłowski, P.; Perea, A.; Pereira, J.; Petrache, C.; Petri, M.; Pickstone, S.; Pietralla, N.; Pietri, S.; Pivovarov, Y.; Potlog, P.; Prokofiev, A.; Rastrepina, G.; Rauscher, T.; Ribeiro, G.; Ricciardi, M.; Richter, A.; Rigollet, C.; Riisager, K.; Rios, A.; Ritter, C.; Rodriguez Frutos, T.; Rodriguez Vignote, J.; Röder, M.; Romig, C.; Rossi, D.; Roussel-Chomaz, P.; Rout, P.; Roy, S.; Söderström, P.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Sakuta, S.; Salsac, M.; Sampson, J.; Sanchez, J.; Rio Saez, del; Sanchez Rosado, J.; Sanjari, S.; Sarriguren, P.; Sauerwein, A.; Savran, D.; Scheidenberger, C.; Scheit, H.; Schmidt, S.; Schmitt, C.; Schnorrenberger, L.; Schrock, P.; Schwengner, R.; Seddon, D.; Sherrill, B.; Shrivastava, A.; Sidorchuk, S.; Silva, J.; Simon, H.; Simpson, E.; Singh, P.; Slobodan, D.; Sohler, D.; Spieker, M.; Stach, D.; Stan, E.; Stanoiu, M.; Stepantsov, S.; Stevenson, P.; Strieder, F.; Stuhl, L.; Suda, T.; Sümmerer, K.; Streicher, B.; Taieb, J.; Takechi, M.; Tanihata, I.; Taylor, J.; Tengblad, O.; Ter-Akopian, G.; Terashima, S.; Teubig, P.; Thies, R.; Thoennessen, M.; Thomas, T.; Thornhill, J.; Thungstrom, G.; Timar, J.; Togano, Y.; Tomohiro, U.; Tornyi, T.; Tostevin, J.; Townsley, C.; Trautmann, W.; Trivedi, T.; Typel, S.; Uberseder, E.; Udias, J.; Uesaka, T.; Uvarov, L.; Vajta, Z.; Velho, P.; Vikhrov, V.; Volknandt, M.; Volkov, V.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; von Schmid, M.; Wagner, A.; Wamers, F.; Weick, H.; Wells, D.; Westerberg, L.; Wieland, O.; Wiescher, M.; Wimmer, C.; Wimmer, K.; Winfield, J. S.; Winkel, M.; Woods, P.; Wyss, R.; Yakorev, D.; Yavor, M.; Zamora Cardona, J.; Zartova, I.; Zerguerras, T.; Zgura, M.; Zhdanov, A.; Zhukov, M.; Zieblinski, M.; Zilges, A.; Zuber, K.

    2016-01-01

    The nucleosynthesis of elements beyond iron is dominated by neutron captures in the s and r processes. However, 32 stable, proton-rich isotopes cannot be formed during those processes, because they are shielded from the s-process flow and r-process, β-decay chains. These nuclei are attributed to the p and rp process. For all those processes, current research in nuclear astrophysics addresses the need for more precise reaction data involving radioactive isotopes. Depending on the particular reaction, direct or inverse kinematics, forward or time-reversed direction are investigated to determine or at least to constrain the desired reaction cross sections. The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) will offer unique, unprecedented opportunities to investigate many of the important reactions. The high yield of radioactive isotopes, even far away from the valley of stability, allows the investigation of isotopes involved in processes as exotic as the r or rp processes.

  12. Ceramic Fairings for A Hypersonic Flight Experiment

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Churchward, Rex; Piquette, R.; Smith, D.; Arnold, M.; Rasky, Daniel J. (Technical Monitor)

    1998-01-01

    Fairings composed of Rigid Fibrous Insulations (RSI) were fabricated, instrumented, and coated using techniques that were recently developed at NASA Ames Research Center. These RSI components are part of a specific assembly of materials which were built onto a wing of a Pegasus flight vehicle. The assembly was designed to collect aerothermal data during a designated mission to deliver a satellite to earth orbit. The objective of the flight experiment is to validate the theory of boundary layer transition at flight speeds in excess of Mach 3. The actual flight experiment is scheduled to occur during the summer of 1998. Fabrication and installation methodologies will be discussed with a brief description of the wing glove assembly.

  13. The Compressed Baryonic Matter Experiment at FAIR

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Senger, Peter

    Substantial experimental and theoretical efforts worldwide are devoted to explore the phase diagram of strongly interacting matter. At top RHIC and LHC energies, the QCD phase diagram is studied at very high temperatures and very low net-baryon densities. These conditions presumably existed in the early universe about a microsecond after the big bang. For larger net-baryon densities and lower temperatures, it is expected that the QCD phase diagram exhibits a rich structure such as a critical point, a first order phase transition between hadronic and partonic matter, or new phases like quarkyonic matter. The experimental discovery of these prominent landmarks of the QCD phase diagram would be a major breakthrough in our understanding of the properties of nuclear matter. The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment will be one of the major scientific pillars of the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. The goal of the CBM research program is to explore the QCD phase diagram in the region of high baryon densities using high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. This includes the study of the equation-of-state of nuclear matter at neutron star core densities, and the search for the deconfinement and chiral phase transitions. The CBM detector is designed to measure rare diagnostic probes such as multi-strange hyperons, charmed particles and vector mesons decaying into lepton pairs with unprecedented precision and statistics. Most of these particles will be studied for the first time in the FAIR energy range. In order to achieve the required precision, the measurements will be performed at very high reaction rates of 100?kHz to 10?MHz. This requires very fast and radiation-hard detectors, and a novel data read-out and analysis concept based on free streaming front-end electronics and a high-performance computing cluster for online event selection. The layout, the physics performance, and the status of the proposed CBM experimental facility will be discussed.

  14. Hub and pylon fairing integration for helicopter drag reduction

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Martin, D. M.; Mort, R. W.; Squires, P. K.; Young, L. A.

    1991-01-01

    The results of testing hub and pylon fairings mounted on a one-fifth scale helicopter with the goal of reducing parasite drag are presented. Lift, drag, and pitching moment, as well as side force and yawing moment, were measured. The primary objective of the test was to validate the drag reduction capability of integrated hub and pylon configurations in the aerodynamic environment produced by a rotating hub in forward flight. In addition to the baseline helicopter without fairings, three hub fairings and three pylon fairings were tested in various combinations. The three hub fairings tested reflect two different conceptual design approaches to implementing an integrated fairing configuration on an actual aircraft. The design philosophy is discussed in detail and comparisons are made between the wind tunnel models and potential full-scale prototypes. The data show that model drag can be reduced by as much as 20.8 percent by combining a small hub fairing with circular arc upper and flat lower surfaces and a nontapered 34-percent thick pylon fairing. Aerodynamic effects caused by the fairings, which may have a significant impact on static longitudinal and directional stability, were observed. The results support previous research which showed that the greatest reduction in model drag is achieved if the hub and pylon fairings are integrated with minimum gap between the two.

  15. Jumeaux conjoints au niveau d’une omphalocèle commune avec extrophie cloacale et ambigüité sexuelle

    PubMed Central

    Boujoual, Majdouline; Madani, Hamid; Benhaddou, Housain; Belahcen, Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Les jumeaux conjoints sont considérés comme étant une complication rare et grave des grossesses monozygotes. Le diagnostic anténatal permet de définir avec précision les structures communes, de rechercher une anomalie congénitale associée, d'organiser l´accouchement et la prise en charge néonatale. Nous présentons un cas rare de jumeaux conjoints dont la fusion se situait au niveau d'une omphalocèle commune associée à une extrophie cloacale, ambiguïté sexuelle et pieds bots. Le diagnostic a été méconnu pendant la grossesse, ce qui a engendré une dystocie lors de l'accouchement. L'issue a été fatale malgré une tentative de séparation et des mesures de réanimation. Ce cas illustre la difficulté liée d'une part à la méconnaissance du diagnostic, d'autre part au caractère urgent de la césarienne et de la séparation chirurgicale. PMID:25170387

  16. How to do research fairly in an unjust world.

    PubMed

    Ballantyne, Angela J

    2010-06-01

    International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining have been popular solutions to this problem, but I argue that they are insufficient to protect against exploitation. I argue instead that a maximin principle of fair distribution provides a more compelling normative account of fairness in relationships characterised by extreme vulnerability and inequality of bargaining potential between the parties. A global tax on international research would provide a mechanism for implementing the maximin account of fair benefits. This model has the capacity to ensure fair benefits and thereby prevent exploitation in international research. PMID:20526966

  17. Parallel job scheduling policies to improve fairness : a case study.

    SciTech Connect

    Leung, Vitus Joseph; Sabin, Gerald; Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy

    2008-02-01

    Balancing fairness, user performance, and system performance is a critical concern when developing and installing parallel schedulers. Sandia uses a customized scheduler to manage many of their parallel machines. A primary function of the scheduler is to ensure that the machines have good utilization and that users are treated in a 'fair' manner. A separate compute process allocator (CPA) ensures that the jobs on the machines are not too fragmented in order to maximize throughput. Until recently, there has been no established technique to measure the fairness of parallel job schedulers. This paper introduces a 'hybrid' fairness metric that is similar to recently proposed metrics. The metric uses the Sandia version of a 'fairshare' queuing priority as the basis for fairness. The hybrid fairness metric is used to evaluate a Sandia workload. Using these results, multiple scheduling strategies are introduced to improve performance while satisfying user and system performance constraints.

  18. Lannonce dune dficience motrice crbrale : Une relation de confiance construire entre les parents, le personnel paramdical et les mdecins

    PubMed Central

    Pelchat, Diane; Lefebvre, Hlne; Bouchard, Jean-Marie

    2001-01-01

    RSUM : Lannonce dune dficience motrice crbrale et des incapacits qui en dcoulent est une situation difficile vivre pour les parents et les dispensateurs de soins (personnel paramdical et mdecins). Un examen de la documentation mdicale dmontre que depuis vingt ans, le nombre de parents insatisfaits na pas chang. Ltude de type qualitatif et exploratoire, effectue la demande de milieux de radaptation, vise dcrire le processus dannonce dun diagnostic de dficience motrice crbrale (DMC) partir de lexprience des diffrents acteurs en cause et dterminer les facteurs qui facilitent ou compliquent la relation de confiance. Les rsultats indiquent que les parents et les dispensateurs de soins vivent dans deux mondes de perception diffrents au moment de lannonce, lesquels se rejoignent difficilement. Les parents sont envahis par le drame quils vivent, tandis que les mdecins sont concentrs sur le contenu transmettre aux parents. Cette annonce provoque une importante incertitude qui bloque la communication entre les partenaires, mais elle pourrait devenir un stimulant de nouvelles stratgies dadaptation. PMID:20084263

  19. The developmental origins of fairness: the knowledge-behavior gap.

    PubMed

    Blake, Peter R; McAuliffe, Katherine; Warneken, Felix

    2014-11-01

    Recent research in developmental psychology shows that children understand several principles of fairness by 3 years of age, much earlier than previously believed. However, children's knowledge of fairness does not always align with their behavior, and immediate self-interest alone cannot explain this gap. In this forum paper, we consider two factors that influence the relation between fairness knowledge and behavior: relative advantage and how rewards are acquired. PMID:25175834

  20. 7 CFR 51.1830 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1830 Section 51.1830... Definitions § 51.1830 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that the surface of the fruit may have green color which does not exceed the aggregate area of a circle 1-1/4 inches (31.8 mm) in diameter...

  1. Forme pseudo tumorale d'une pneumopathie chronique à éosinophiles d’évolution fatale

    PubMed Central

    Hammoune, Nabil; El Guendouz, Faycal; Elhaddad, Siham; Janah, Hicham; Hommadi, Abdelaziz

    2015-01-01

    La pneumopathie chronique idiopathique à éosinophile est une pathologie rare, de cause inconnue, caractérisée par des opacités pulmonaires périphériques, une éosinophilie périphérique >1000/mm3 et /ou une éosinophilie alvéolaire >25%. Le diagnostic est difficile à cause de la non spécificité des signes cliniques et radiologiques. Le traitement se base essentiellement sur la corticothérapie. L’évolution est généralement favorable. Nous rapportons un cas de cette entité rare dans sa forme pseudotumorale sans hyperéosinophilie, de diagnostic tardif suite à l’étude histologique de la lobectomie chirurgicale et d’évolution fatale. PMID:26113897

  2. Toxoplasmose oculaire atypique chez une femme congolaise de 72 ans: à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Bienvenu, Yogolelo Asani; Angel, Musau Nkola; Eric, Kasamba Ilunga; Socrate, Kapalu Mwangala; Sebastien, Mbuyi Musanzayi; Philippe, Cilundika Mulenga; Leon, Kabamba Ngombe; Bruno, Iye Ombamba Kayimba; Gaby, Chenge Borasisi

    2015-01-01

    Les auteurs rapportent un cas de toxoplasmose oculaire binoculaire, rarement décrit dans la littérature, chez une personne âgée de 72 ans, de sexe féminin, à laquelle s'associe une rétinite pigmentaire unilatérale. Cette observation permet d'attirer l'attention de la communauté scientifique sur les autres formes ou variétés de présentation moins courantes, « atypiques », pouvant être rencontrées ou associées à la toxoplasmose oculaire. PMID:26958130

  3. Fistule artério-urétérale après une pelvectomie antérieure : Complication rare et grave

    PubMed Central

    Zine el abidine, Mohamed Hosni; Hmida, Wissem; Slama, Adel; Hidoussi, Adnene; Jaidane, Mehdi; Ben Sorba, Nabil; Mosbah, Ali Fawzi

    2012-01-01

    Résumé La fistule artério-urétérale (FAU), qui survient immédiatement après une cystectomie, est une complication exceptionnelle et grave. De nos jours, seulement quelques cas sporadiques ont été signalés dans la littérature. Elle se manifeste presque exclusivement par une hématurie brutale, massive et intermittente pouvant être à l’origine d’une instabilité hémodynamique menaçant le pronostic vital du patient à court terme. Son diagnostic doit être fait sans retard. Les explorations radiologiques restent peu spécifiques et peu sensibles et se basent essentiellement sur l’artériographie. Le traitement est non codifié selon l’état général du patient et surtout de la nature de la fistule. Nous décrivons un cas de FAU faisant suite à une pelvectomie antérieure et nous discuterons à l’aide d’une revue de la littérature les aspects diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques de cette complication. PMID:23283100

  4. BOOK REVIEW: Science Fair Projects: Physics

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Reynolds, Helen

    2000-11-01

    I have often thought that the notion of a Science Fair is intrinsically a good one but have never set one up. With this book such an undertaking is possible, with 47 projects from which you can choose. Each project has a clearly stated purpose with an overview that contains the physics you need to get started. A hypothesis, or sometimes two, and a procedure detailing what the student should do follow this. The materials to be used are those you should be able to find at home, and safety guidelines as well as places the student needs adult help are clearly marked. Every project asks the student to write down the results of their experiment and decide whether or not their hypothesis was correct. There are also suggestions for taking each project further. Some of these projects are standard experiments that you may already do with students in class, for example, making plasticine boats, string telephones and levers. Most are interesting twists on standard experiments such as using a wedge as a simple machine, home-made spinning toys and the experiments with light bulbs. The latter are the only real cause for concern if students were to do these things at home as adult supervision would be essential. This is obviously an American book, though. Teachers in British classrooms would need to work out how to deal with the references to temperature in Fahrenheit and mass in ounces. Length is usually given in centimetres as well as inches. Translations of soda bottles and bobby pins would also be needed. This book is designed to be full of ideas and to give structure to projects students can do at home, not to provide ideas that you can transport into the classroom. It does this very well and I would recommend it to anyone thinking of starting up a Science Fair. Alternatively, this is an excellent resource for more interesting homework assignments that would put more responsibility on the student and give them something fun to do.

  5. Léiomyosarcome gastrique simulant une tumeur du hile splénique: à propos d'un cas

    PubMed Central

    Tarchouli, Mohamed; Bounaim, Ahmed; Ratbi, Moulay Brahim; Belhamidi, Mohamed Said; Bensal, Abdelhak; Aitidir, Badr; Boudhas, Adil; Ali, Abdelmounaim Ait; Sair, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Depuis la découverte de leur phénotype particulier, les tumeurs stromales gastro-intestinales représentent les tumeurs mésenchymateuses les plus fréquentes du tractus digestif et ne sont plus confondues avec les vrais léiomyosarcomes gastriques devenant ainsi exceptionnellement rencontrés dans la pratique médicale. Nous rapportons le cas d'une jeune femme de 32 ans admise pour une masse douloureuse de l'hypochondre gauche et chez qui le bilan radiologique objectivait une volumineuse tumeur occupant le hile splénique. Une résection monobloc emportant la masse, la rate, le grand épiploon et une collerette de la paroi gastrique a été effectuée et l'examen histologique a confirmé le diagnostic d'un léiomyosarcome gastrique. Il est extrêmement important de différencier les autres tumeurs mésenchymateuses du tractus digestif des léiomyosarcomes gastriques dont l'exérèse chirurgicale complète reste, jusqu’à présent, le seul traitement à visée curative. PMID:26526400

  6. Le chondrome extra osseux de la cuisse: une localisation exceptionnelle (à propos d'un cas)

    PubMed Central

    Chafry, Bouchaib; Sasbou, Youness; Boussaidane, Mohammed; Nkaoui, Mustafa; Benchebba, Driss; Chagar, Belkacem

    2015-01-01

    Le chondrome extra-osseux est une tumeur cartilagineuse bénigne et rare. Il siège généralement au niveau des extrémités, nous rapportons un cas exceptionnel d'un chondrome des parties molles de la cuisse chez un homme de 35 ans qui s'est manifesté par une tuméfaction douloureuse de la face interne de la cuisse droite. L'histologie a confirmé le diagnostic sur la pièce d'exérèse. Un suivi clinique et radiologique après un recul de 24 mois n'a pas objectivé de signe de récidive. PMID:26405480

  7. The Antiproton-Ion-Collider at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Kruecken, R.; Fabbietti, L.; Faestemann, T.; Homolka, J.; Kienle, P.; Ring, P.; Suzuki, K.; Bosch, F.; Franzke, B.; Kozhuharov, Ch.; Litvinov, Y.; Nolden, F.; Cargnelli, M.; Fuhrmann, H.; Hirtl, A.; Marton, J.; Widmann, E.; Zmeskal, J.; Hayano, R. S.; Lenske, H.

    2006-04-26

    An antiproton-ion collider (AIC) has been proposed for the FAIR Project at Darmstadt to independently determine rms radii for protons and neutrons in stable and short lived nuclei by means of antiproton annihilation at medium energies. The AIC makes use of the ELISe electron ion collider complex to store, cool and collide antiprotons of 30 MeV energy with short lived radioactive ions in the NESR. The exotic nuclei are produced by projectile fragmentation or projectile fission and separated in the Super FRS. By detecting the loss of stored ions using the Schottky method the total absorption cross-section for antiprotons on the stored ions with mass A will be measured. Cross sections for the absorption on protons and neutrons, respectively, will be measured by the detection of residual nuclei with A-1 either by the Schottky method or by detecting them in recoil detectors after the first dipole stage of the NESR following the interaction zone. The absorption cross sections are in first order directly proportional to the mean square radii.

  8. The Antiproton-Ion-Collider at FAIR

    SciTech Connect

    Kruecken, R.; Fabbietti, L.; Faestermann, T.; Homolka, J.; Kienle, P.; Ring, P.; Suzuki, K.; Bosch, F.; Frankze, B.; Kozhuharov, Ch.; Litvinov, Y.; Nolden, F.; Cargnelli, M.; Fuhrmann, H.; Hirtl, A.; Marton, J.; Widmann, E.; Zmeskal, J.; Hayano, R.S.; Lenske, H.

    2005-10-26

    For the FAIR Project at Darmstadt an antiproton-ion collider has been proposed to independently determine rms radii for protons and neutrons in stable and short lived nuclei by means of antiproton absorption at medium energies. The experiment makes use of the electron ion collider complex to store, cool and collide antiprotons of 30 MeV energy with short lived radioactive ions in the NESR that are produced by projectile fragmentation and projectile fission separated in the Super FRS. The total absorption cross-section for antiprotons on the stored ions with mass A will be measured by detecting the loss of stored ions by means of the Schottky method. Cross sections for the absorption on protons and neutrons, respectively, will be measured by the detection of residual nuclei with A-1 either by the Schottky method or by detecting them in recoil detectors after the first dipole stage of the NESR following the interaction zone. Theoretical calculations show that the absorption cross sections are in first order directly proportional to the mean square radii.

  9. Fair loss-tolerant quantum coin flipping

    SciTech Connect

    Berlin, Guido; Brassard, Gilles; Bussieres, Felix; Godbout, Nicolas

    2009-12-15

    Coin flipping is a cryptographic primitive in which two spatially separated players, who do not trust each other, wish to establish a common random bit. If we limit ourselves to classical communication, this task requires either assumptions on the computational power of the players or it requires them to send messages to each other with sufficient simultaneity to force their complete independence. Without such assumptions, all classical protocols are so that one dishonest player has complete control over the outcome. If we use quantum communication, on the other hand, protocols have been introduced that limit the maximal bias that dishonest players can produce. However, those protocols would be very difficult to implement in practice because they are susceptible to realistic losses on the quantum channel between the players or in their quantum memory and measurement apparatus. In this paper, we introduce a quantum protocol and we prove that it is completely impervious to loss. The protocol is fair in the sense that either player has the same probability of success in cheating attempts at biasing the outcome of the coin flip. We also give explicit and optimal cheating strategies for both players.

  10. Fair loss-tolerant quantum coin flipping

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Berln, Guido; Brassard, Gilles; Bussires, Flix; Godbout, Nicolas

    2009-12-01

    Coin flipping is a cryptographic primitive in which two spatially separated players, who do not trust each other, wish to establish a common random bit. If we limit ourselves to classical communication, this task requires either assumptions on the computational power of the players or it requires them to send messages to each other with sufficient simultaneity to force their complete independence. Without such assumptions, all classical protocols are so that one dishonest player has complete control over the outcome. If we use quantum communication, on the other hand, protocols have been introduced that limit the maximal bias that dishonest players can produce. However, those protocols would be very difficult to implement in practice because they are susceptible to realistic losses on the quantum channel between the players or in their quantum memory and measurement apparatus. In this paper, we introduce a quantum protocol and we prove that it is completely impervious to loss. The protocol is fair in the sense that either player has the same probability of success in cheating attempts at biasing the outcome of the coin flip. We also give explicit and optimal cheating strategies for both players.

  11. Soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale

    PubMed Central

    Sullivan, William F.; Berg, Joseph M.; Bradley, Elspeth; Cheetham, Tom; Denton, Richard; Heng, John; Hennen, Brian; Joyce, David; Kelly, Maureen; Korossy, Marika; Lunsky, Yona; McMillan, Shirley

    2011-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Mettre à jour les lignes directrices canadiennes de 2006 sur les soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale (DD) et présenter des recommandations pratiques fondées sur les connaissances actuelles pour traiter des problèmes de santé particuliers chez des adultes ayant une DD. Qualité des preuves Des professionnels de la santé expérimentés participant à un colloque et un groupe de travail subséquent ont discuté et convenu des révisions aux lignes directrices de 2006 en se fondant sur une recherche documentaire exhaustive, la rétroaction obtenue des utilisateurs du guide de pratique et les expériences cliniques personnelles. La plupart des preuves disponibles dans ce domaine viennent de l’opinion d’experts ou de déclarations consensuelles publiées (niveau III). Message principal Les adultes ayant une DD ont des problèmes de santé complexes, dont plusieurs diffèrent de ceux de la population en général. De bons soins primaires permettent d’identifier les problèmes de santé particuliers dont souffrent les adultes ayant une DD pour améliorer leur qualité de vie et leur accès aux soins de santé et prévenir la morbidité et le décès prématuré. Ces lignes directrices résument les problèmes de santé générale, physique, comportementale et mentale des adultes ayant une DD que devraient connaître les professionnels des soins primaires et présentent des recommandations pour le dépistage et la prise en charge en se basant sur les connaissances actuelles que les cliniciens peuvent mettre en pratique. En raison de l’interaction des facteurs biologiques, psychoaffectifs et sociaux qui contribuent à la santé et au bien-être des adultes ayant une DD, ces lignes directrices insistent sur la participation des aidants, l’adaptation des interventions, au besoin, et la consultation auprès de divers professionnels de la santé quand ils sont accessibles. Elles mettent aussi en évidence la nature éthique des soins. Les lignes directrices sont formulées dans le contexte d’un cadre éthique qui tient compte des questions comme le consentement éclairé et l’évaluation des bienfaits pour la santé par rapport aux risques de préjudice. Conclusion La mise en œuvre des lignes directrices proposées ici améliorerait la santé des adultes ayant une DD et minimiserait les disparités sur les plans de la santé et des soins de santé entre les adultes ayant une DD et la population en général.

  12. Rponse d'un chantillon mtallique structure fractale une excitation lectrique frquence variable

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cisse Haba, T.; Ablart, G.; Camps, T.

    1998-08-01

    The enormous interest aroused by materials with fractal structure since last few decades led us to undertake studies more particularly on the electrical behaviour of the Fractal-tree patterned metallic samples. The characteristics specific to these structures, such as the self-similarity and the fractional (or fractal) dimension D_f, confer on these materials particular physical properties. The analysis of these structures is envisaged by developing a MIS (Metal-Insulator-Semiconductor) type of capacitor having one of the plates with a fractal dimension, the other plate being flat and the dielectric in between made up of silicon dioxide (SiO2). The simulations and the measurements performed have brought into evidence a frequency evolution of the impedance of such a structure, closely related to the sample structure itself. This particular behaviour, which will be designated as fractal later on, can be summarized as follows: the sample, when subjected to an electrical excitation at a variable frequency, has a complex impedance which presents a constant phase, i.e., it's real and imaginary parts observe the same law of frequency dependence beyond a particular frequency which is characteristic of the sample under study. We give here the way to put in evidence this behavior and how to adjust according to the frequency, the fractal behavior zone. Le grand intrt suscit par les matriaux structure fractale ces dernires dcennies nous a conduits tudier tout particulirement le comportement lectrique d'chantillons mtalliques dont les motifs sont du type Arbre fractal. Les caractristiques singulires de ces structures telles l'autosimilarit et la dimension fractionnaire D_f confrent des proprits physiques particulires ces matriaux. L'analyse de ces structures est envisage en ralisant un condensateur de type MIS (Mtal-Isolant-Semi-conducteur) dont une des armatures prsente une dimension fractionnaire, l'autre est plane et l'isolant est un oxyde de silicium (SiO2). Les simulations et les mesures effectues ont permis de mettre en vidence sur l'impdance d'une telle structure, une volution frquentielle troitement corrle la structure mme de l'chantillon. Ce comportement que l'on qualifiera par la suite de fractal, peut se rsumer ainsi : soumis une excitation lectrique frquence variable, cet chantillon se caractrise par une impdance complexe qui, partir d'une frquence caractristique, prsente une phase constante c'est--dire que ses parties relle et imaginaire ont la mme loi de dpendance frquentielle. L'tude que nous prsentons concerne d'une part, la mise en vidence de ce comportement et d'autre part, les conditions permettant d'ajuster la plage de frquence sur laquelle ce comportement apparat.

  13. Fair Trade Flowers: Global Certification, Environmental Sustainability, and Labor Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the organization of the fair trade flower industry, integration of Ecuadorian enterprises into these networks, and power of certification to address key environmental and social concerns on participating estates. Pursuing a social regulatory approach, I locate fair trade within the field of new institutions that establish and…

  14. The Myth of Fair Prices: A Graphical Analysis.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yanchus, Dennis; de Vanssay, Xavier

    2003-01-01

    Illustrates how fair price policies can be explained to undergraduate students by applying simple graphical methods normally used in general equilibrium trade theory. Indicates that fair price strategies can be looked upon as a suboptimal device for redistributing the gains from trade as compared with a transfer of funds. (JEH)

  15. Evaluation of the FAIR Program: Teaching Gender Equality to Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkman, Britney G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of the Fairness for All Individuals through Respect (FAIR) program on fifth grade students' understanding of gender as a diversity issue. In particular, this project examined the influence of this program on students' knowledge, self-identity, attitudes about gender roles, experiences of gender

  16. Development of Teachers' Attitude Scale towards Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tortop, Hasan Said

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to develop a new scale for measuring teachers' attitude towards science fair. Teacher Attitude Scale towards Science Fair (TASSF) is an inventory made up of 19 items and five dimensions. The study included such stages as literature review, the preparation of the item pool and the reliability and validity analysis. First of…

  17. 45 CFR 400.83 - Mediation and fair hearings.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mediation and fair hearings. 400.83 Section 400.83... Employment 400.83 Mediation and fair hearings. (a) Mediation(1) Public/private RCA program. The State must ensure that a mediation period prior to imposition of sanctions is provided to refugees by...

  18. North Carolina State Science Fair Handbook. 1988-89.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    North Carolina State Board of Education, Raleigh.

    Science fairs represent the culmination of student research efforts under the guidance of teachers and other persons interested in science topics. The total scientific process should be involved in the development of a project which results in a science fair exhibition. The student should learn to recognize problems, plan an experiment, gather and

  19. Development of Teachers' Attitude Scale towards Science Fair

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tortop, Hasan Said

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted to develop a new scale for measuring teachers' attitude towards science fair. Teacher Attitude Scale towards Science Fair (TASSF) is an inventory made up of 19 items and five dimensions. The study included such stages as literature review, the preparation of the item pool and the reliability and validity analysis. First of

  20. Assessing Statistical Aspects of Test Fairness with Structural Equation Modelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Rex B.

    2013-01-01

    Test fairness and test bias are not synonymous concepts. Test bias refers to statistical evidence that the psychometrics or interpretation of test scores depend on group membership, such as gender or race, when such differences are not expected. A test that is grossly biased may be judged to be unfair, but test fairness concerns the broader, more

  1. Fair Trade: Social Regulation in Global Food Markets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the theoretical and empirical parameters of social regulation in contemporary global food markets, focusing on the rapidly expanding Fair Trade initiative. Fair Trade seeks to transform North/South relations by fostering ethical consumption, producer empowerment, and certified commodity sales. This initiative joins an array…

  2. 36 CFR 223.60 - Determining fair market value.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-07-01

    ... (36 CFR 200.4). Valid methods to determine fair market value include, but are not limited to... SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER, SPECIAL FOREST PRODUCTS, AND FOREST BOTANICAL PRODUCTS Timber Sale Contracts Appraisal and Pricing 223.60 Determining fair market value. The...

  3. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    .... Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the skin missing or “feathered.”...

  4. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    .... Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the skin missing or “feathered.”...

  5. 7 CFR 51.1555 - Fairly well matured.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    .... Fairly well matured means that the skins of the potatoes are generally fairly firmly set and not more than 10 percent of the potatoes in the lot have more than one-fourth of the skin missing or “feathered.”...

  6. Russian Adolescents' Perceptions of Fairness in the Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bempechat, Janine; Ronfard, Samuel; Mirny, Anna; Li, Jin; Holloway, Susan D.

    2013-01-01

    The influence of teacher care and support in students' learning and motivation underscores the critical importance of fairness perceptions in the classroom. In this qualitative study we examined perceptions of unfairness and fairness among Russian grade nine students. We interviewed a total of 32 students in two traditional Moscow high

  7. Teaching in Science and Career Fairs: An Application using Dolls.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berry, E. Helen

    2001-01-01

    Focuses on the setting of a science and career fair; and discusses the use of cultural artifacts. Examines the use of folk dolls in a science and career fair. Includes background information and addresses the reasons for using the dolls. Includes references. (CMK)

  8. 12 CFR 338.4 - Fair housing poster.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... Department of Housing and Urban Development's regulations (24 CFR 110.25(a)), in a central location within... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Fair housing poster. 338.4 Section 338.4 Banks... HOUSING Advertising § 338.4 Fair housing poster. (a) Each bank engaged in extending loans for the...

  9. 12 CFR 338.4 - Fair housing poster.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... Department of Housing and Urban Development's regulations (24 CFR 110.25(a)), in a central location within... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fair housing poster. 338.4 Section 338.4 Banks... HOUSING Advertising § 338.4 Fair housing poster. (a) Each bank engaged in extending loans for the...

  10. 12 CFR 338.4 - Fair housing poster.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... Department of Housing and Urban Development's regulations (24 CFR 110.25(a)), in a central location within... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair housing poster. 338.4 Section 338.4 Banks... HOUSING Advertising § 338.4 Fair housing poster. (a) Each bank engaged in extending loans for the...

  11. 12 CFR 338.4 - Fair housing poster.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... Department of Housing and Urban Development's regulations (24 CFR 110.25(a)), in a central location within... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fair housing poster. 338.4 Section 338.4 Banks... HOUSING Advertising § 338.4 Fair housing poster. (a) Each bank engaged in extending loans for the...

  12. 12 CFR 338.4 - Fair housing poster.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... Department of Housing and Urban Development's regulations (24 CFR 110.25(a)), in a central location within... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fair housing poster. 338.4 Section 338.4 Banks... HOUSING Advertising § 338.4 Fair housing poster. (a) Each bank engaged in extending loans for the...

  13. Is the Tenure Process Fair? What Faculty Think

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Janet H.; Celis, Sergio; Ott, Molly

    2014-01-01

    A conceptual framework grounded on procedural justice theory was created to explain how judgments about the fairness of tenure decision-making evolved among faculty who had not yet undergone the review. The framework posits that faculty beliefs about fairness are influenced directly by their workplace experiences and both directly and indirectly

  14. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. 200.929a Section 200.929a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  15. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color...

  16. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  17. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  18. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color,...

  19. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color...

  20. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color,...

  1. 7 CFR 51.2085 - Fairly uniform color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Fairly uniform color. 51.2085 Section 51.2085 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... color. Fairly uniform color means that the shells do not show excessive variation in color,...

  2. 7 CFR 51.1447 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1447 Section 51.1447... color. Fairly uniform in color means that 90 percent or more of the kernels in the lot have skin color within the range of one or two color classifications....

  3. 7 CFR 51.1407 - Fairly uniform in color.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly uniform in color. 51.1407 Section 51.1407 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards... in color. Fairly uniform in color means that the shells do not show sufficient variation in color...

  4. Boulder Experiments: An Environmental Fair. Profiles of Promise 24.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiley, Karen B.

    A group of Boulder, Colorado, high school students and townspeople conducted a two-day community environmental fair in the downtown street of Boulder. The fair, providing various instructive experiments depicting alternatives for Boulder's future social and physical environment, grew out of the Student Assisted Development of Materials for

  5. 7 CFR 3565.354 - Fair housing accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair housing accommodations. 3565.354 Section 3565.354 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL HOUSING SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.354 Fair housing accommodations. The lender must ensure that...

  6. A Social Justice Data Fair: Questioning the World through Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Beth; Munk, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the Social Justice Data Fair that has been held at the Linden School in Toronto for the past several years. It is an opportunity for math students to use data management skills to study issues they are concerned about. The fair takes place in April, after nearly a full year of practicing inquiry skills in math…

  7. The Need to Explore: Nonexperimental Science Fair Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McNay, Margaret

    1985-01-01

    For the sake of grade school entrants in particular, nonexperimental science fair projects should be encouraged and accepted for science fairs. Support for this approach is given along with several suggestions for projects. Guidelines for judging nonexperimental projects are also included. (DH)

  8. The Science Fair: A New Look at an Old Tradition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McComas, William F.

    2011-01-01

    As a science teacher educator and former science teacher, the author has long known that the science fair should be part of his professional experience, but he had not given it much thought until recently. As he worked with his daughter's project, he became convinced that it is time to reconsider the range of activities one calls "science fairs."

  9. Non-Traditional Characteristics of a Successful Science Fair Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sumrall, William; Schillinger, Don

    2004-01-01

    Science fairs offer students the opportunity to develop skills in inquiry, writing research proposals, working with peers, verifying results, and sharing experimental findings. However, the science fair itself does not necessarily translate into a student's attainment of such skills. Project quality and a student's successful achievement of good

  10. Science Fair Projects: Teaching Science or Something Else?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cornell, Elizabeth A.

    1981-01-01

    Frequently, science fair projects have little relevance to the goals of science. Criteria for judging projects are not evident to students, parents, judges, and other participants. Listed are seven steps to a better fair project which emphasize methodology and presentation. Also included are hints for involving parents. (DC)

  11. The Road to Stress-Free Science Fairs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carrier, Sarah J.

    2006-01-01

    While few disagree that science fair projects have great potential for student learning, the preparation and execution of projects can be stressful for teachers, students, and parents alike. While working as a fourth-grade teacher, the author's goal was to provide students with a science fair experience minus the pressure of trying to figure out

  12. Students Inspiring Students: An Online Tool for Science Fair Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seeman, Jeffrey I.; Lawrence, Tom

    2011-01-01

    One goal of 21st-century education is to develop mature citizens who can identify issues, solve problems, and communicate solutions. What better way for students to learn these skills than by participating in a science and engineering fair? Fair participants face the same challenges as professional scientists and engineers, even Nobel laureates.…

  13. 7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FARM SERVICE AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SPECIAL PROGRAMS INDEMNITY PAYMENT PROGRAMS Dairy Indemnity Payment Program Payments to Dairy Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value...

  14. On the Fairness of the Higher Education in China

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Li, Min

    2012-01-01

    With the establishment of the socialist market economic system in China, the issue of social fairness has been paid more and more attentions. The fairness issue of higher education, which is responsible for training high-quality talents for the national economy construction, has become the focus of attention. We discuss and research on the

  15. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. 200.929a Section 200.929a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  16. 24 CFR 200.929a - Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... with the Fair Housing Act. The Guidelines may be found in the 24 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter A, Appendix... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Fair Housing Accessibility Guidelines. 200.929a Section 200.929a Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and...

  17. Evaluation of the FAIR Program: Teaching Gender Equality to Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brinkman, Britney G.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the impact of the Fairness for All Individuals through Respect (FAIR) program on fifth grade students' understanding of gender as a diversity issue. In particular, this project examined the influence of this program on students' knowledge, self-identity, attitudes about gender roles, experiences of gender…

  18. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 5, including the prohibition on inquiries regarding sexual orientation or gender identity set forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR...

  19. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 5, including the prohibition on inquiries regarding sexual orientation or gender identity set forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR...

  20. 24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... administered in accordance with: (a) The nondiscrimination and fair housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 5, including the prohibition on inquiries regarding sexual orientation or gender identity set forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24 CFR...

  1. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-10-01

    ...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair... shall use cost or price analysis and consider commercial prices for similar products and services, available in-house cost estimates, data (including certified cost or pricing data) submitted by the SBA...

  2. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-10-01

    ...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair... shall use cost or price analysis and consider commercial prices for similar products and services, available in-house cost estimates, data (including certified cost or pricing data) submitted by the SBA...

  3. 48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-10-01

    ...) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The contracting officer shall estimate the fair... shall use cost or price analysis and consider commercial prices for similar products and services, available in-house cost estimates, data (including certified cost or pricing data) submitted by the SBA...

  4. 76 FR 73987 - Redelegation of Fair Housing Assistance Program Authority

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT Redelegation of Fair Housing Assistance Program Authority AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, HUD. ACTION: Notice of redelegation of...

  5. A Social Justice Data Fair: Questioning the World through Math

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alexander, Beth; Munk, Michelle

    2010-01-01

    In this article, the authors discuss the Social Justice Data Fair that has been held at the Linden School in Toronto for the past several years. It is an opportunity for math students to use data management skills to study issues they are concerned about. The fair takes place in April, after nearly a full year of practicing inquiry skills in math

  6. 7 CFR 51.2652 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades for Sweet Cherries 1 Definitions § 51.2652 Fairly well colored. Fairly well colored means that at least 95 percent of the surface of the cherry shows characteristic color for mature cherries of the variety....

  7. Students Inspiring Students: An Online Tool for Science Fair Participants

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Seeman, Jeffrey I.; Lawrence, Tom

    2011-01-01

    One goal of 21st-century education is to develop mature citizens who can identify issues, solve problems, and communicate solutions. What better way for students to learn these skills than by participating in a science and engineering fair? Fair participants face the same challenges as professional scientists and engineers, even Nobel laureates.

  8. Fair Trade Flowers: Global Certification, Environmental Sustainability, and Labor Standards

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the organization of the fair trade flower industry, integration of Ecuadorian enterprises into these networks, and power of certification to address key environmental and social concerns on participating estates. Pursuing a social regulatory approach, I locate fair trade within the field of new institutions that establish and

  9. 7 CFR 51.1830 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1830 Section 51.1830... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Tangerines Definitions § 51.1830 Fairly well... exceed the aggregate area of a circle 1-1/4 inches (31.8 mm) in diameter and that the remainder of...

  10. 7 CFR 51.1164 - Fairly well colored.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Fairly well colored. 51.1164 Section 51.1164... STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Florida Oranges and Tangelos Definitions § 51.1164 Fairly... aggregate area of green color which does not exceed the area of a circle 1 inch (25.4 mm) in diameter,...

  11. Fair Trade: Social Regulation in Global Food Markets

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Raynolds, Laura T.

    2012-01-01

    This article analyzes the theoretical and empirical parameters of social regulation in contemporary global food markets, focusing on the rapidly expanding Fair Trade initiative. Fair Trade seeks to transform North/South relations by fostering ethical consumption, producer empowerment, and certified commodity sales. This initiative joins an array

  12. The Majors Fair: Helping College Students Decide on Majors.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berg-Kolin, Helene; Krueger, Gretchen; Thomas-Clark, Cheryl; Finck, Brian

    The Majors Fair is a campus event that showcases academic departments and programs for undergraduate college students deciding majors and minors. Including elements of career counseling, academic advising, and peer mentoring, the purpose of the Majors Fair is to provide information needed for decision making through easy access to faculty, staff,

  13. Fair and Equitable Assessment Practices for All Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scott, Shelleyann; Webber, Charles F.; Lupart, Judy L.; Aitken, Nola; Scott, Donald E.

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on promoting fairness and equity in student assessment practices. The researchers used questionnaires and interviews and the study encompassed a total of 3312 individuals representing a range of stakeholders. The paper is presented in two parts: fairness and discrimination, and challenging policy and practice. Five key

  14. Assessing Statistical Aspects of Test Fairness with Structural Equation Modelling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kline, Rex B.

    2013-01-01

    Test fairness and test bias are not synonymous concepts. Test bias refers to statistical evidence that the psychometrics or interpretation of test scores depend on group membership, such as gender or race, when such differences are not expected. A test that is grossly biased may be judged to be unfair, but test fairness concerns the broader, more…

  15. Fair Use Challenges in Academic and Research Libraries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Association of Research Libraries, 2010

    2010-01-01

    This report summarizes research into the current application of fair use to meet the missions of U.S. academic and research libraries. Sixty-five librarians were interviewed confidentially by telephone for around one hour each. They were asked about their employment of fair use in five key areas of practice: support for teaching and learning,

  16. A Trustworthy Internet Auction Model with Verifiable Fairness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Liao, Gen-Yih; Hwang, Jing-Jang

    2001-01-01

    Describes an Internet auction model achieving verifiable fairness, a requirement aimed at enhancing the trust of bidders in auctioneers. Analysis results demonstrate that the proposed model satisfies various requirements regarding fairness and privacy. Moreover, in the proposed model, the losing bids remain sealed. (Author/AEF)

  17. Présentation atypique d'une granulomatose avec polyangeite: à propos d'une observation pédiatrique

    PubMed Central

    Berriche, Olfa; Younes, Samia; Ammari, Wafa; Alaya, Wafa; Kessomtini, Wassia; Hammami, Sonia

    2015-01-01

    La granulomatose avec polyangéite (GPA) est une vascularite nécrosante systémique, caractérisée par une inflammation granulomateuse, une nécrose tissulaire et une vascularite touchant les vaisseaux de moyen et, surtout, de petit calibre, elle touche rarement l'enfant. PMID:26327978

  18. Hepatic Angiosarcoma May Have Fair Survival Nowadays

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Neng-Chyan; Kuo, Yau-Chang; Chiang, Jui-Chin; Hung, Shih-Yuan; Wang, Huay-Min; Hung, Yao-Min; Chang, Yun-Te; Wann, Shue-Ren; Chang, Hong-Tai; Wang, Jyh-Seng; Ho, Sheng-Yow; Guo, How-Ran

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Hepatic angiosarcoma (HAS) is rare but often fatal. A review of literature in 1979 found that only 3% of the 70 patients lived for more than 2 years, but the survival might have been improved over the years. We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the medical records of patients who visited a teaching hospital in Taiwan from January 2000 to August 2010 and had pathological proof of HAS. In addition, we conducted a review of literature and compared those who survived for 2 years or more to those who did not. Of the 3503 patients with primary liver cancer we identified, 9 had HAS, of whom 3 (33.3%) survived for 2 years or more. One survived for 24 months without surgical resection, and the other two received surgery with postoperative chemotherapy and were still alive 32 and 37 months later, respectively. Through reviewing literature, we identified 3 more patients in Taiwan who had survived for 2 years or more. One survived for 42 months without surgical resection, the other two received segmentectomy with postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. We also identified 8 such cases outside Taiwan, including 1 who received chemotherapy without surgery and survived for 53 months. None of the differences in the clinical characteristics between those who had and had not survived for 2 years or more reached statistical significance. In conclusion, we believe the combination of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy may be able to achieve long-term survival in some HAS patients nowadays, and it is even possible to achieve fair survival using chemotherapy alone. PMID:25984668

  19. Hepatic angiosarcoma may have fair survival nowadays.

    PubMed

    Huang, Neng-Chyan; Kuo, Yau-Chang; Chiang, Jui-Chin; Hung, Shih-Yuan; Wang, Huay-Min; Hung, Yao-Min; Chang, Yun-Te; Wann, Shue-Ren; Chang, Hong-Tai; Wang, Jyh-Seng; Ho, Sheng-Yow; Guo, How-Ran

    2015-05-01

    Hepatic angiosarcoma (HAS) is rare but often fatal. A review of literature in 1979 found that only 3% of the 70 patients lived for more than 2 years, but the survival might have been improved over the years. We conducted a retrospective study and reviewed the medical records of patients who visited a teaching hospital in Taiwan from January 2000 to August 2010 and had pathological proof of HAS. In addition, we conducted a review of literature and compared those who survived for 2 years or more to those who did not. Of the 3503 patients with primary liver cancer we identified, 9 had HAS, of whom 3 (33.3%) survived for 2 years or more. One survived for 24 months without surgical resection, and the other two received surgery with postoperative chemotherapy and were still alive 32 and 37 months later, respectively. Through reviewing literature, we identified 3 more patients in Taiwan who had survived for 2 years or more. One survived for 42 months without surgical resection, the other two received segmentectomy with postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. We also identified 8 such cases outside Taiwan, including 1 who received chemotherapy without surgery and survived for 53 months. None of the differences in the clinical characteristics between those who had and had not survived for 2 years or more reached statistical significance. In conclusion, we believe the combination of surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy may be able to achieve long-term survival in some HAS patients nowadays, and it is even possible to achieve fair survival using chemotherapy alone. PMID:25984668

  20. Fairness influences early signatures of reward-related neural processing.

    PubMed

    Massi, Bart; Luhmann, Christian C

    2015-12-01

    Many humans exhibit a strong preference for fairness during decision-making. Although there is evidence that social factors influence reward-related and affective neural processing, it is unclear if this effect is mediated by compulsory outcome evaluation processes or results from slower deliberate cognition. Here we show that the feedback-related negativity (FRN) and late positive potential (LPP), two signatures of early hedonic processing, are modulated by the fairness of rewards during a passive rating task. We find that unfair payouts elicit larger FRNs than fair payouts, whereas fair payouts elicit larger LPPs than unfair payouts. This is true both in the time-domain, where the FRN and LPP are related, and in the time-frequency domain, where the two signals are largely independent. Ultimately, this work demonstrates that fairness affects the early stages of reward and affective processing, suggesting a common biological mechanism for social and personal reward evaluation. PMID:25962511

  1. Students' Sources of Motivation for Participating in Science Fairs: An Exploratory Study within the Canada-Wide Science Fair 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dionne, Liliane; Reis, Giuliano; Trudel, Louis; Guillet, Gabriel; Kleine, Leonard; Hancianu, Corina

    2012-01-01

    Science fairs have been for many years a popular school activity in North America. They are a venue for the popularization of science and consequently an important encouragement for the pursuit of careers in science or engineering. However, little is known about students' perceived motives for participating in local or national science fairs and

  2. Students' Sources of Motivation for Participating in Science Fairs: An Exploratory Study within the Canada-Wide Science Fair 2008

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dionne, Liliane; Reis, Giuliano; Trudel, Louis; Guillet, Gabriel; Kleine, Leonard; Hancianu, Corina

    2012-01-01

    Science fairs have been for many years a popular school activity in North America. They are a venue for the popularization of science and consequently an important encouragement for the pursuit of careers in science or engineering. However, little is known about students' perceived motives for participating in local or national science fairs and…

  3. Maladie de Takayasu et polyarthrite rhumatoïde: une association rare - à propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Frikha, Faten; Maazoun, Fatma; Snoussi, Mouna; Abid, Leila; Abid, Hanen; Bouassida, Walid; Kaddour, Neila; Bahloul, Zouhir

    2012-01-01

    L'artérite de Takayasu ou maladie de Takayasu (MT) et la polyarthrite rhumatoïde (PR) et sont deux maladies inflammatoires chroniques et leur association a été rapportée dans la littérature à travers quelques observations de cas sporadiques. Nous rapportons une nouvelle observation d'une telle association. Une patiente âgée de 44 ans, diagnostiquée avec une polyarthrite rhumatoïde à facteur rhumatoïde positif, qui a développé des céphalées avec des vertiges de caractère permanent. L'examen révélait un pouls radial et huméral abolis à droite, un souffle carotidien bilatéral et une tension artérielle imprenable à droite. L'artériographie a confirmé la présence d'une atteinte de l'arc aortique type MT. Le diagnostic d'une maladie de Takayasu associée à une polyarthrite rhumatoïde était retenu. La patiente était traitée par une corticothérapie (prednisone à la dose de 0,5 mg/kg par jour) et un traitement de fond par Méthotrexate avec une bonne réponse initiale. A travers notre observation et une revue de la littérature, les caractéristiques épidémiologiques, étiopathogéniques, cliniques, thérapeutiques et évolutives de cette association seront discutées. PMID:22937201

  4. Syndrome de blpharophimosis: une forme particulire du ptosis congnital

    PubMed Central

    Handor, Hanan; Hafidi, Zouheir; Laghmari, Mina; Sabrane, Ihsane; Mastanga, Olive Rosine; Daoudi, Rajae

    2015-01-01

    Le syndrome de blpharophimosis est une malformation palpbrale congnitale caractrise par l'association d'un ptosis majeur bilatral d'autres anomalies palpbrales. Il constitue une forme particulire du ptosis congnital qui doit tre connue par tout ophtalmologue afin d'optimiser la prise en charge des patients prsentant cette affection. PMID:26161205

  5. SE-FIT

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Chen, Yongkang; Weislogel, Mark; Schaeffer, Ben; Semerjian, Ben; Yang, Lihong; Zimmerli, Gregory

    2012-01-01

    The mathematical theory of capillary surfaces has developed steadily over the centuries, but it was not until the last few decades that new technologies have put a more urgent demand on a substantially more qualitative and quantitative understanding of phenomena relating to capillarity in general. So far, the new theory development successfully predicts the behavior of capillary surfaces for special cases. However, an efficient quantitative mathematical prediction of capillary phenomena related to the shape and stability of geometrically complex equilibrium capillary surfaces remains a significant challenge. As one of many numerical tools, the open-source Surface Evolver (SE) algorithm has played an important role over the last two decades. The current effort was undertaken to provide a front-end to enhance the accessibility of SE for the purposes of design and analysis. Like SE, the new code is open-source and will remain under development for the foreseeable future. The ultimate goal of the current Surface Evolver Fluid Interface Tool (SEFIT) development is to build a fully integrated front-end with a set of graphical user interface (GUI) elements. Such a front-end enables the access to functionalities that are developed along with the GUIs to deal with pre-processing, convergence computation operation, and post-processing. In other words, SE-FIT is not just a GUI front-end, but an integrated environment that can perform sophisticated computational tasks, e.g. importing industry standard file formats and employing parameter sweep functions, which are both lacking in SE, and require minimal interaction by the user. These functions are created using a mixture of Visual Basic and the SE script language. These form the foundation for a high-performance front-end that substantially simplifies use without sacrificing the proven capabilities of SE. The real power of SE-FIT lies in its automated pre-processing, pre-defined geometries, convergence computation operation, computational diagnostic tools, and crash-handling capabilities to sustain extensive computations. SE-FIT performance is enabled by its so-called file-layer mechanism. During the early stages of SE-FIT development, it became necessary to modify the original SE code to enable capabilities required for an enhanced and synchronized communication. To this end, a file-layer was created that serves as a command buffer to ensure a continuous and sequential execution of commands sent from the front-end to SE. It also establishes a proper means for handling crashes. The file layer logs input commands and SE output; it also supports user interruption requests, back and forward operation (i.e. undo and redo), and others. It especially enables the batch mode computation of a series of equilibrium surfaces and the searching of critical parameter values in studying the stability of capillary surfaces. In this way, the modified SE significantly extends the capabilities of the original SE.

  6. Etude numerique du sillage tourbillonnaire d'une eolienne

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sibuet Watters, Christophe

    Cette these formalise le concept de la surface actuatrice (SA) et en presente l'implantation dans deux methodes de mecanique des fluides assistee par ordinateur (CFD) bidimensionnelle (2D) et tridimensionnelle (3D), la validation et l'application au probleme de modelisation du sillage tourbillonnaire d'une eolienne. En termes cinetiques, une SA est une nappe tourbillonnaire qui resulte en une discontinuite de vitesse tandis qu'en termes dynamiques, elle est associee a un systeme de forces dont la composante dans la direction normale a la SA resulte en une discontinuite de pression. Les methodes CFD utilisees sont des methodes aux volumes finis, adaptees pour prendre en compte l'action de la SA sur l'ecoulement. L'approche de la SA est validee pour des problemes 2D: aile infinie et disque actuateur, ainsi que pour le probleme 3D de l'aile en translation (aile effilee), avant d'etre appliquee a plusieurs eoliennes.

  7. Neurortinite unilatrale: une manifestation rare du syndrome post streptococcique

    PubMed Central

    Iferkhass, Said; Elkhoyaali, Adil; Elasri, Fouad; Reda, Karim; Laktaoui, Abdelkader; Oubaaz, Abdelbar

    2014-01-01

    La streptocoque ? hmolytique est responsable de plusieurs complications d'origine immunitaire, de localisation cardiaque, articulaire, dermatologique, rnale, crbrale et oculaire. Nous rapportons le premier cas au Maroc d'une uvite postrieure unilatrale post- streptococcique prsentant une vascularite rtinienne avec dme papillaire et des hmorragies rtiniennes en tache profondes et superficielles. Notre patient g de 56 ans, ayant comme antcdents pathologiques une notion d'angine et d rythme noueux rptition d'origine streptococcique. Le bilan tiologique d'uvite est revenu normal. En revanche, le titrage des anticorps antistreptococciques tait significativement lev: 430 IU /ml. Le patient a t mis sous amoxicilline protge une dose de 2 g par jour pendant 10 jours, associe une corticothrapie dose rgressive sur un mois. Lvolution tait favorable avec rcupration totale de l'acuit visuelle (AV) et disparition des lsions neurortiniennes PMID:25745528

  8. D-1A nose fairing separation fitting load test

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Vanvleet, J. O.

    1976-01-01

    Structural testing of the D-1A Centaur nose fairing was completed to determine the loads imposed during flight on the latch bolts of the fairing separation system. This testing was conducted to supplement and/or verify the analytic techniques used in calculating bolt loads for the D-1A, and to gain insight into the general structural behavior of separation latch systems. It was shown that the assumed bolt load magnification due to prying action of the latch fittings on the bolt does occur, but is strongly dependent on fairing shell stiffness.

  9. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS On-Farm Labor Housing 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  10. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS On-Farm Labor Housing 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  11. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS On-Farm Labor Housing 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  12. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS On-Farm Labor Housing 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  13. 7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE DIRECT MULTI-FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS On-Farm Labor Housing 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the requirements...

  14. Effects of social value orientations on fairness judgments.

    PubMed

    Anderson, William D; Patterson, Miles L

    2008-04-01

    The authors assessed the impact that social value orientations--prosocial (i.e., concerned about outcomes for both oneself and others) versus proself (i.e., concerned about one's own outcome only)--had on fairness judgments in a non-negotiation setting. The results indicated that prosocials generally formed fairness judgments in a manner suggested by equity theory: Given the same input as a comparison other, they saw an equal outcome as fairer than a favorable or unfavorable outcome. The fairness determinations of proselfs, however, tended to follow the tenets of self-interest theory: Given the same input as a comparison other, they saw a favorable outcome as fairer than an unfavorable outcome. Contrary to self-interest theory, proselfs did not find a favorable outcome fairer than an equal outcome. These findings indicate that social value orientations differentially affect the evaluation of outcome information in the formation of fairness judgments. PMID:18512420

  15. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 2-COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee...

  16. 41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 2-COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 51-2.7 Fair market price. (a) The Committee...

  17. 7 CFR 3565.354 - Fair housing accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management 3565.354 Fair housing... in the development of the property, the selection of applicants for housing, and ongoing...

  18. 7 CFR 3565.354 - Fair housing accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management 3565.354 Fair housing... in the development of the property, the selection of applicants for housing, and ongoing...

  19. 7 CFR 3565.354 - Fair housing accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management 3565.354 Fair housing... in the development of the property, the selection of applicants for housing, and ongoing...

  20. 7 CFR 3565.354 - Fair housing accommodations.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GUARANTEED RURAL RENTAL HOUSING PROGRAM Project Management § 3565.354 Fair housing... in the development of the property, the selection of applicants for housing, and ongoing...

  1. Teaching Ideas. Cardiovascular Health. Have a Heart Health Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tevis, Betty

    1982-01-01

    Demonstration activities that can be developed by teachers and presented at health fairs to increase student awareness of cardiovascular disease risk factors include: (1) blood pressure measurement; (2) exercise and heart action; and (3) healthy snacks. (CJ)

  2. Electromagnetic Cavity Effects from Transmitters Inside a Launch Vehicle Fairing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Trout, Dawn H.; Wahid, Parveen F.; Stanley, James E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper provides insight into the difficult analytical issue for launch vehicles and spacecraft that has applicability outside of the launch industry. Radiation from spacecraft or launch vehicle antennas located within enclosures in the launch vehicle generates an electromagnetic environment that is difficult to accurately predict. This paper discusses the test results of power levels produced by a transmitter within a representative scaled vehicle fairing model and provides preliminary modeling results at the low end of the frequency test range using a commercial tool. Initially, the walls of the fairing are aluminum and later, layered with materials to simulate acoustic blanketing structures that are typical in payload fairings. The effects of these blanketing materials on the power levels within the fairing are examined.

  3. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-01-01

    ... (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions 51.580 Fairly well... to the length of midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the...

  4. 7 CFR 51.580 - Fairly well developed.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-01-01

    ... (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Celery Definitions 51.580 Fairly well... to the length of midribs and type of celery and that there is not excessive open space in the...

  5. Ground test program for new Atlas payload fairings

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Robbins, Michael J.

    1990-01-01

    To establish the competitiveness of the revitalized family of Atlas launch vehicles (I, II, IIA, and IIAS) a new series of payload fairings, an 11-foot and a 14-foot diameter version, were designed to accommodate the widest possible variety of satellites. Because these aluminum fairings are new designs, the plant at which they are produced is new, and launch customers are very anxious to fly their payloads, an ambitious and efficient test program is essential. Five major tests have been planned for completion within the span of one calendar year. One of these has been completed, with every indication that it was a success, one is currently under way, and two more are scheduled to start in the month of April. Through effective use of test assets, facilities, and personnel, all testing will be completed, allowing the fairing design to be completely characterized and then qualified through analysis prior to first launch of each of the fairings.

  6. Add School Spice: Whip Up Enthusiasm with a Math Fair.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Glassman, Jerrold

    1984-01-01

    A mathematics fair sponsored by the 25 schools in Brooklyn Community School District 15, New York, acquainted many students with the excitement of mathematics and let the community see the district's commitment to mathematics. (MLF)

  7. 7. DETAIL OF TYPICAL PURGE PANEL THAT ACCOMPANIES ASSEMBLED FAIRING ...

    Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

    7. DETAIL OF TYPICAL PURGE PANEL THAT ACCOMPANIES ASSEMBLED FAIRING TO LAUNCH PAD - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

  8. Variabilite temporelle des naines T et construction d'une camera infrarouge a grand champ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Artigau, Etienne

    Le travail de thèse décrit ici se divise en deux sections distinctes: la première porte sur une étude de la variabilité temporelle des naines T et la seconde sur la construction et les performances de la Caméra PAnoramique Proche InfraRouge (CPAPIR). Les naines brunes sont des objets qui se forment comme les étoiles, lors de l'effondrement gravitationnel d'un nuage de gaz moléculaire, mais dont la masse est trop faible pour leur permettre d'entretenir des réactions de fusion nucléaire. Environ 70% des naines brunes de type L, qui ont des températures comprises entre 2200 K et 1500 K, présentent une variabilité temporelle dont les mécanismes exacts font toujours l'objet de débats. Nous avons étendu la recherche de variabilité temporelle aux naines brunes ayant des températures inférieures à ~1500 K et qui présentent les signatures du méthane, soit les naines T. Nos observations menées à l'Observatoire du mont Mégantic montrent qu'une fraction importante des naines T sont variables à 1.2 mm et 1.6 mm à des niveaux allant de 17 mmag à 53 mmag RMS. Les propriétés photométriques de cette variabilité sont consistantes avec une évolution de la couverture de nuages de poussière à la surface de plusieurs naines T. Des observations complémentaires menées en spectroscopie au télescope Canada-France-Hawaii montrent, pour une naine T, une variabilité spectroscopique dans le proche infrarouge qui est aussi consistante avec l'évolution de tels nuages de poussière. CPAPIR est une caméra infrarouge con=E7ue pour être utilisée à l'Observatoire du mont Mégantic. Elle possède un champ de 30' × 30', soit le plus grand champ de vue parmi les caméras infrarouges astronomiques actuellement en service. CPAPIR est équipé d'un détecteur de type Hawaii-II sensible de 0.8 mm à 2.4 mm avec 2048×2048 pixels. L'optique cryogénique de CPAPIR comprend 8 lentilles cryogéniques et 10 filtres disposés dans deux roues à filtres. Les observations menées au télescope avec CPAPIR montrent que la qualité d'image obtenue et la transmission globale sont conformes aux prédictions faites à partir du design optique et des courbes de transmission des revêtements utilisées pour ses différentes composantes optiques. Mots-clefs . astronomie, naines brunes, naines T, instrumentation, caméra, relevé, infrarouge

  9. Disentangling the sense of ownership from the sense of fairness.

    PubMed

    Tummolini, Luca; Scorolli, Claudia; Borghi, Anna M

    2013-02-01

    Both evolutionary and developmental research indicate that humans are adapted to respecting property rights, independently (and possibly orthogonally) of considerations of fairness. We offer evidence from psychological experiments suggesting that enforcing ones rights and respecting others possessions are basic cognitive mechanisms automatically activated and grounded in humans sensory-motor system. This may entail an independent motivation that is more profound than considerations of fairness and impartiality. PMID:23445601

  10. Stark laws and fair market value exceptions: an introduction.

    PubMed

    Siebrasse, Paul B

    2007-01-01

    This article will focus on one aspect of complexity in modern healthcare, namely the implications of Stark laws and other fraud and abuse provisions, including anti-kickback statutes and HIPAA. Also, this article explores the prevalence of fair market value as an exception in the Stark laws and discusses the meanings of those exceptions. Finally, the article explores basic approaches to assessing fair market value, including cost, income, and marketing approaches. PMID:17828843

  11. Acoustic fill factors for a 120 inch diameter fairing

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Lee, Y. Albert

    1992-01-01

    Data from the acoustic test of a 120-inch diameter payload fairing were collected and an analysis of acoustic fill factors were performed. Correction factors for obtaining a weighted spatial average of the interior sound pressure level (SPL) were derived based on this database and a normalized 200-inch diameter fairing database. The weighted fill factors were determined and compared with statistical energy analysis (VAPEPS code) derived fill factors. The comparison is found to be reasonable.

  12. The flexible fairness: equality, earned entitlement, and self-interest.

    PubMed

    Feng, Chunliang; Luo, Yi; Gu, Ruolei; Broster, Lucas S; Shen, Xueyi; Tian, Tengxiang; Luo, Yue-Jia; Krueger, Frank

    2013-01-01

    The current study explored whether earned entitlement modulated the perception of fairness in three experiments. A preliminary resource earning task was added before players decided how to allocate the resource they jointly earned. Participants' decision in allocation, their responses to equal or unequal offers, whether advantageous or disadvantageous, and subjective ratings of fairness were all assessed in the current study. Behavioral results revealed that participants proposed more generous offers and showed enhanced tolerance to disadvantageous unequal offers from others when they performed worse than their presumed "partners," while the reverse was true in the better-performance condition. The subjective ratings also indicated the effect of earned entitlement, such that worse performance was associated with higher perceived feelings of fairness for disadvantageous unequal offers, while better performance was associated with higher feelings of fairness for advantageous unequal offers. Equal offers were considered "fair" only when earned entitlement was even between two parties. In sum, the perception of fairness is modulated by an integration of egalitarian motivation and entitlement. In addition to justice principles, participants were also motivated by self-interest, such that participants placed more weight on entitlement in the better-performance condition than in the worse-performance condition. These results imply that earned entitlement is evaluated in a self-serving way. PMID:24039867

  13. Attack and improvements of fair quantum blind signature schemes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zou, Xiangfu; Qiu, Daowen

    2013-06-01

    Blind signature schemes allow users to obtain the signature of a message while the signer learns neither the message nor the resulting signature. Therefore, blind signatures have been used to realize cryptographic protocols providing the anonymity of some participants, such as: secure electronic payment systems and electronic voting systems. A fair blind signature is a form of blind signature which the anonymity could be removed with the help of a trusted entity, when this is required for legal reasons. Recently, a fair quantum blind signature scheme was proposed and thought to be safe. In this paper, we first point out that there exists a new attack on fair quantum blind signature schemes. The attack shows that, if any sender has intercepted any valid signature, he (she) can counterfeit a valid signature for any message and can not be traced by the counterfeited blind signature. Then, we construct a fair quantum blind signature scheme by improved the existed one. The proposed fair quantum blind signature scheme can resist the preceding attack. Furthermore, we demonstrate the security of the proposed fair quantum blind signature scheme and compare it with the other one.

  14. Le shwannome extrathoracique solitaire du nerf intercostal: une localisation rare

    PubMed Central

    Ankouz, Amal; Louchi, Abdellatif; Taleb, Khalid Ait

    2014-01-01

    Le shwannome thoracique solitaire est une tumeur nerveuse bnigne. La localisation est le plus souvent intra-thoracique au niveau du mdiastin postrieur. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un schwannome solitaire du nerf intercostal de dveloppement extra-thoracique imitant une tumeur sous-cutane du thorax. La biopsie-exrse nous a permis dtablir le diagnostic histologique. Aprs un recul de 14 mois aucune rcidive n'a t note. Le diagnostic de schwannome doit tre suspect devant toute tumeur sous cutane du thorax. La certitude diagnostique est histologique. L'exrse totale est le seul garant d'une gurison sans rcidive. PMID:25419305

  15. 40 CFR 33.404 - When must a recipient negotiate fair share objectives with EPA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-07-01

    ... negotiate fair share objectives with EPA? A recipient must submit its proposed MBE and WBE fair share... the recipient. MBE and WBE fair share objectives must be agreed upon by the recipient and EPA...

  16. 40 CFR 33.404 - When must a recipient negotiate fair share objectives with EPA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-07-01

    ... negotiate fair share objectives with EPA? A recipient must submit its proposed MBE and WBE fair share... the recipient. MBE and WBE fair share objectives must be agreed upon by the recipient and EPA...

  17. 40 CFR 33.404 - When must a recipient negotiate fair share objectives with EPA?

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-07-01

    ... negotiate fair share objectives with EPA? A recipient must submit its proposed MBE and WBE fair share... the recipient. MBE and WBE fair share objectives must be agreed upon by the recipient and EPA...

  18. 75 FR 5799 - Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Fair Housing Initiatives Program Grant...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-02-04

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Comment Request Fair Housing Initiatives Program Grant Application and Monitoring Reports AGENCY: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Fair... Regulation: 24 CFR Part 125, Fair Housing Initiatives Program. OMB Control Number, if applicable:...

  19. Abstracts of the Finalists of the International Science and Engineering Fair (35th, Columbus, Ohio, May 8-13, 1984).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Service, Inc., Washington, DC.

    A science and engineering fair is a competition based on the quality of projects done by students, the results of which are reported through exhibits and oral presentations at the fair. Fairs operate on a step basis. Students who win in small fairs such as a local fair, move to a city fair, then to a regional fair, and may be chosen to represent

  20. Abstracts of the Finalists of the International Science and Engineering Fair (39th, Knoxville, Tennessee, May 8-14, 1988).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Science Service, Inc., Washington, DC.

    A science and engineering fair is a competition based on the quality of projects done by students, the results of which are reported through exhibits and oral presentations at the fair. Fairs operate on a step basis. Students who win in small, local fairs, move to a city fair, then to a regional fair, and may be chosen to represent that fair in

  1. L'appendagite piploque primitive: une cause rare de douleur abdominal

    PubMed Central

    Yazough, Issam; El bouhadouti, Hecham; Mazaz, Khalid

    2015-01-01

    Les appendagites sont une cause rare de douleur abdominale chez l'adulte, elles simulent souvent le tableau d'une appendicite aigu ou une sigmodite, le diagnostic est souvent poser par une TDM ou lors d'un acte chirurgicale, le traitement est essentiellement mdicale. PMID:26113913

  2. Mechanical properties of layered InSe and GaSe single crystals

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mosca, D. H.; Mattoso, N.; Lepienski, C. M.; Veiga, W.; Mazzaro, I.; Etgens, V. H.; Eddrief, M.

    2002-01-01

    The mechanical properties of InSe and GaSe single crystals have been studied by means of nanoindentation tests. Both bulk crystals are well ordered and present a predominant ?-type interlayer stacking sequence as determined by x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements. The course of plastic deformation induced in the crystals by application of a definite shear stress through the penetration of a Berkovich tip indicates that the deformation occurs predominantly by pop-in events along easy slip directions having a fairly elastic character between displacements. Hardness anisotropy along crystal axes is clearly seen and the measured elastic modulus presents a discrepancy smaller than 5% in comparison with theoretical calculations performed using previous experimental values of the elastic constants.

  3. Syndrome d'Apert chez un congolais de 60 ans: propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Ngombe, Lon Kabamba; Kabamba, Christophe Mwamba; Nday, David Kakez; Fundi, Jimmy Ngoie; Kitenge, Tony Kayembe; Numbi, Luboya

    2015-01-01

    Le syndrome d'Apert est une rare acrocphalosyndactylie caractrise par une dysmorphie crnio-faciale avec une crniostnose, une syndactylie aux mains et aux pieds et d'autres malformations crbrales. La coexistence de plusieurs malformations avec un important lot de prjudices esthtiques constitue la gravit de ce syndrome. Une prise en charge prcoce et multidisciplinaire s'avre important. Les auteurs rapportent une observation rare d'un syndrome d'apert chez un patient congolais g de 60 ans qui n'a jamais bnfici d'une prise en charge. Ainsi, cette observation dcrit les aspects cliniques et volutifs de cette affection. PMID:26309466

  4. Association d’une cytostéatonécrose néonatale, d’une hypertriglycéridemie et d’une hypercalcémie: à propos d’une observation

    PubMed Central

    Abilkassem, Rachid; Dini, Nezha; Oukabli, Mohamed; Kmari, Mohamed; Agadr, Aomar

    2012-01-01

    La cytostéatonécrose du nouveau-né est une hypodermite aigue qui apparaît dans les premières semaines de vie. Nous rapportons les caractéristiques cliniques et histologiques d’une cytostéatonécrose chez un nourrisson âgé de trois semaines, admis pour des lésions cutanées à type de placards sous-cutanées dures, localisées sur le dos. Le nouveau-né a développé une hypercalcémie et une hypertriglycéridemie d’évolution favorable sous traitement symptomatique de même que les lésions cutanées qui ont disparu en quelques semaines. PMID:22514760

  5. Quand la biopsie cutane peut tiqueter une pilepsie

    PubMed Central

    Harmouch, Taoufiq; Gallouj, Salim; Znati, Kaoutar; Sennou, Aicha Slassi; Belahcen, Faouzi; Amarti, Afaf

    2011-01-01

    La maladie de Lafora (ML) reprsente une forme rare et grave dpilepsie myoclonique progressive. C'est une affection transmission autosomique rcessive, htrogne sur le plan gntique. Nous rapportons le cas d'une adolescente de 16 ans, issue de parents consanguins de premier degr, qui prsente depuis lge de 14 ans des crises dpilepsie et des myoclonies. L'examen neurologique a montr un syndrome crbelleux et une dtrioration intellectuelle. La biopsie cutane tait indispensable pour orienter le diagnostic. La ML a un pronostic constamment fatal. Ltude histologique confirme le diagnostic et ltude molculaire peut aider tablir un conseil gntique. PMID:22187608

  6. Une vie active saine pour les enfants et les adolescents

    PubMed Central

    2002-01-01

    De mauvais modes de vie, comme une alimentation malsaine et l’inactivité physique, sont d'importants facteurs contributifs à une augmentation de la morbidité et de la mortalité secondaires à des maladies chroniques à l’âge adulte. Depuis dix ans, on remarque une augmentation du mode de vie sédentaire et de l’obésité chez les enfants et les adolescents, tant en Amérique du Nord qu’ailleurs dans le monde. Les médecins doivent être conscients de l’importance du problème, fournir des conseils de prévention aux familles et promouvoir une vie active saine dans leur pratique.

  7. Abcs hypophysaire chez un hmodialys chronique trait mdicalement: propos d'une observation

    PubMed Central

    Zajjari, Yassir; El Guendouz, Faycal; Akhaddar, Ali; Benyahia, Mohamed

    2015-01-01

    L'abcs hypophysaire est une pathologie rare et fatale en absence de traitement adquat. Il est voquer devant un tableau clinique d'hypertension intracrnienne, une dysrgulation hormonale hypophysaire et un contexte infectieux. Une conduite thrapeutique base sur une antibiothrapie pourrait tre tent si diagnostic prcoce. Nous rapportons un cas d'abcs hypophysaire survenant chez un hmodialys chronique pris en charge par une antibiothrapie seule dont lvolution tait favorable avec un recul de 2 ans. PMID:26090055

  8. Une spondylodiscite tuberculeuse chez une transplantée rénale compliquée d’une mycose systémique

    PubMed Central

    Haddiya, Intissar; El Housni, Siham; El Harraqui, Ryme; Rhou, Hakima; Benamar, Loubna; Eziatouni, Fatima; Ouzeddoun, Naima; Bayahia, Rabia

    2014-01-01

    En transplantation, les complications infectieuses sont fréquentes et de diagnostic souvent délicat. Elles peuvent coexister chez le transplanté rénal rendant leur diagnostic encore plus difficile. Le but de ce cas clinique est de discuter les difficultés diagnostiques et de surveillance de deux types de pathologies assez fréquentes chez le transplanté rénal, qui sont la tuberculose et la mycose, à travers l’observation clinique d’une patiente de 24 ans transplantée rénale qui présente une spondylodiscite tuberculeuse et qui développe secondairement une septicémie à Candida non albicans à point de départ urinaire dont le seul point d’appel est la fièvre post opératoire. PMID:25667684

  9. tude thorique et exprimentale de la propagation des vibrations mises par un trafic ferroviaire se dplaant vitesse constante

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Picoux, B.; Le Houdec, D.

    2002-12-01

    Dans cet article, nous prsentons un modle numrique spcialement conu pour l'tude des vibrations basses frquences couplant un sol stratifi une voie ferre supportant un train se dplaant vitesse constante. Les rsultats ainsi obtenus sont en accord avec les observations exprimentales suivantes: pour une augmentation des vitesses, on note une majoration des dplacements la surface du sol et dans la voie. Dans le but de la validation qualitative du modle numrique, des mesures sur sites dont le sol est particulirement mou ont galement t ralises. Une chane de mesures compose d'une camra vido numrique rapide, d'un vlocimtre laser et de plusieurs acclromtres est dispose aux abords d'une voie ferre dans la rgion d'Amiens. Des tests gomcaniques et sismiques pralables sont mis en uvre pour valuer les paramtres mcaniques du sol. A l'issue de ces mesures, la vitesse des ondes de Rayleigh est calcule (proche de 100m/s). Les rsultats issus des mesures de vido numrique rapide sont compars ceux du modle. Les dplacements maximum ainsi que les vitesses particulaires la surface du sol peuvent alors tre retrouvs bien que la totalit du signal n'ait pas t prise en compte dans le modle.

  10. Optimizing fairness and blocking probability for optical networks

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Junjie; Li, Yanhe; Zhang, Hanyi; Zhou, Bingkun

    2005-02-01

    In the study of dynamic routing and wavelength assignment (DRWA) algorithms and protocols in optical networks, blocking probability is a chief criterion for performance evaluation. But it does not always capture the full effect of a particular algorithm on other aspects, such as fairness problem, which refers to the variability in blocking probabilities experienced by connection requests between various node pairs. Most commercial routing protocols, such as OSPF, prefers to adopt the shortest path for a particular connection, also brings unfairness to diverse connection requests, and such an unfairness becomes more serious in optical networks without wavelength conversion due to wavelength continuity constraint. Some literature have concerned this fairness problem and proposed several fairness enhancement methods. But unfortunately, they will deteriorate the overall blocking probability. In this paper, we try to optimize the fairness and blocking probability simultaneously via the alternate routing strategy, and a novel classified alternate routing (CAR) approach will be adopted. In our investigations, we will consider the optimization of alternate path set determination strategy, wavelength assignment and path selection method, and link weight function, etc. Comparisons and collaborations with formerly proposed fairness enhancement methods will be also presented.

  11. Social distance and anonymity modulate fairness consideration: An ERP study

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Rongjun; Hu, Pan; Zhang, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Previous research indicated that fairness consideration can be influenced by social distance. However, it is not clear whether social distance and anonymity have an interactive impact on fairness evaluation during asset distribution and whether these processes can be documented in brain activity. Using a modified ultimatum game combined with measures of event related potential (ERP), we examined how social distance and anonymity modulate brain response to inequality. At the behavior level, we found that acceptance rate and reaction time can be substantially modified by social distance and anonymity. Feedback-related negativity, an ERP component associated with conflict between cognitive and emotion motives, was more negative in response to unfairness than fairness from strangers; however, it showed an opposite trend for unfair offers provided by friends, suggesting that the influence of social distance on fairness perception is relatively fast. The P300 in response to fair offers was more positive when the proposers made offers when uncertain about partner identity than when certain about partner identity. These results suggest that unfairness is evaluated in a fast conflict detection stage and a slower stage that integrates more complex social contextual factors such as anonymity. PMID:26293456

  12. Hosting a Successful Science Fair to Boost Interest in Science

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sullivan, James; Cruse, Thomas

    2008-10-01

    Science fairs are a popular way for junior and senior high school students (grades 7 through 12) to display science and engineering projects and participate in a competition for prizes and honors. In the state of Ohio students can advance through their school fairs to district science fairs and then on to the State Science Day in early May. The University of Cincinnati (UC) has hosted one of the Ohio district science fairs since 2005 - the official name is the UC Science and Engineering Expo (UCSEE). The University hosts between 300 and 400 student projects at this event. The day itself includes the training of the 200+ judges, the actual judging, activities for the students' families and friends, tours of the UC campus facilities, and culminates with a guest speaker and an awards ceremony. The students compete for prizes and scholarships worth approximately 50k and over 100 of the UCSEE projects typically advance to participate in State Science Day. Additionally some top projects from the UCSEE are also sent directly to the International Science and Engineering Fair (ISEF). The authors have been heavily involved in the planning, organization and production of the UCSEE since UC began offering it in 2005. Much of the planning and background work, as well as memories, from this major project will be discussed in this presentation.

  13. ALFA: The new ALICE-FAIR software framework

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Al-Turany, M.; Buncic, P.; Hristov, P.; Kollegger, T.; Kouzinopoulos, C.; Lebedev, A.; Lindenstruth, V.; Manafov, A.; Richter, M.; Rybalchenko, A.; Vande Vyvre, P.; Winckler, N.

    2015-12-01

    The commonalities between the ALICE and FAIR experiments and their computing requirements led to the development of large parts of a common software framework in an experiment independent way. The FairRoot project has already shown the feasibility of such an approach for the FAIR experiments and extending it beyond FAIR to experiments at other facilities[1, 2]. The ALFA framework is a joint development between ALICE Online- Offline (O2) and FairRoot teams. ALFA is designed as a flexible, elastic system, which balances reliability and ease of development with performance using multi-processing and multithreading. A message- based approach has been adopted; such an approach will support the use of the software on different hardware platforms, including heterogeneous systems. Each process in ALFA assumes limited communication and reliance on other processes. Such a design will add horizontal scaling (multiple processes) to vertical scaling provided by multiple threads to meet computing and throughput demands. ALFA does not dictate any application protocols. Potentially, any content-based processor or any source can change the application protocol. The framework supports different serialization standards for data exchange between different hardware and software languages.

  14. Social distance and anonymity modulate fairness consideration: An ERP study.

    PubMed

    Yu, Rongjun; Hu, Pan; Zhang, Ping

    2015-01-01

    Previous research indicated that fairness consideration can be influenced by social distance. However, it is not clear whether social distance and anonymity have an interactive impact on fairness evaluation during asset distribution and whether these processes can be documented in brain activity. Using a modified ultimatum game combined with measures of event related potential (ERP), we examined how social distance and anonymity modulate brain response to inequality. At the behavior level, we found that acceptance rate and reaction time can be substantially modified by social distance and anonymity. Feedback-related negativity, an ERP component associated with conflict between cognitive and emotion motives, was more negative in response to unfairness than fairness from strangers; however, it showed an opposite trend for unfair offers provided by friends, suggesting that the influence of social distance on fairness perception is relatively fast. The P300 in response to fair offers was more positive when the proposers made offers when uncertain about partner identity than when certain about partner identity. These results suggest that unfairness is evaluated in a fast conflict detection stage and a slower stage that integrates more complex social contextual factors such as anonymity. PMID:26293456

  15. How fair is access to more prestigious UK universities?

    PubMed

    Boliver, Vikki

    2013-06-01

    Now that most UK universities have increased their tuition fees to 9,000 a year and are implementing new Access Agreements as required by the Office for Fair Access, it has never been more important to examine the extent of fair access to UK higher education and to more prestigious UK universities in particular. This paper uses Universities and Colleges Admissions Service (UCAS) data for the period 1996 to 2006 to explore the extent of fair access to prestigious Russell Group universities, where 'fair' is taken to mean equal rates of making applications to and receiving offers of admission from these universities on the part of those who are equally qualified to enter them. The empirical findings show that access to Russell Group universities is far from fair in this sense and that little changed following the introduction of tuition fees in 1998 and their initial increase to 3,000 a year in 2006. Throughout this period, UCAS applicants from lower class backgrounds and from state schools remained much less likely to apply to Russell Group universities than their comparably qualified counterparts from higher class backgrounds and private schools, while Russell Group applicants from state schools and from Black and Asian ethnic backgrounds remained much less likely to receive offers of admission from Russell Group universities in comparison with their equivalently qualified peers from private schools and the White ethnic group. PMID:23713563

  16. The Society-Deciders Model and Fairness in Nations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flomenbom, Ophir

    2015-05-01

    Modeling the dynamics in nations from economical and sociological perspectives is a central theme in economics and sociology. Accurate models can predict and therefore help all the world's citizens. Yet, recent years have show that the current models are missing. Here, we develop a dynamical society-deciders model that can explain the stability in a nation, based on concepts from dynamics, ecology and socio-econo-physics; a nation has two groups that interconnect, the deciders and the society. We show that a nation is either stable or it collapses. This depends on just two coefficients that we relate with sociological and economical indicators. We define a new socio-economic indicator, fairness. Fairness can measure the stability in a nation and how probable a change favoring the society is. We compute fairness among all the world's nations. Interestingly, in comparison with other indicators, fairness shows that the USA loses its rank among Western democracies, India is the best among the 15 most populated nations, and Egypt, Libya and Tunisia have significantly improved their rankings as a result of recent revolutions, further increasing the probability of additional positive changes. Within the model, long lasting crises are solved rather than with increasing governmental spending or cuts with regulations that reduce the stability of the deciders, namely, increasing fairness, while, for example, shifting wealth in the direction of the people, and therefore increasing further opportunities.

  17. Fair sharing of resources in a supply network with constraints

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvalho, Rui; Buzna, Lubos; Just, Wolfram; Helbing, Dirk; Arrowsmith, David K.

    2012-04-01

    This paper investigates the effect of network topology on the fair allocation of network resources among a set of agents, an all-important issue for the efficiency of transportation networks all around us. We analyze a generic mechanism that distributes network capacity fairly among existing flow demands. The problem can be solved by semianalytical methods on a nearest-neighbor graph with one source and sink pair, when transport occurs over shortest paths. For this setup, we uncover a broad range of patterns of intersecting shortest paths as a function of the distance between the source and the sink. When the number of intersections is the maximum and the distance between the source and the sink is large, we find that a fair allocation implies a decrease of at least 50% from the maximum throughput. We also find that the histogram of the flow allocations assigned to the agents decays as a power law with exponent -1. Our semianalytical framework suggests possible explanations for the well-known reduction of the throughput in fair allocations. It also suggests that the combination of network topology and routing rules can lead to highly uneven (but fair) distributions of resources, a remark of caution to network designers.

  18. Pontage fémoro-fémoral croisé avec tunnulisation périnéale sous-scrotale pour une infection grave du triangle de scarpa

    PubMed Central

    Mrad, Melek Ben; Miri, Rim; Kaouel, Karim; Derbel, Bilel; Tarzi, Mariem; Ghedira, Faker; Kalfat, Tawfik; Mizouni, Hbiba; Khayati, Adel

    2015-01-01

    Nous décrivons dans cet article une technique de revascularisation des patients ayant une infection de prothèse vasculaire sus-crurale au niveau dutriangle de scarpa, et qui minimise le risque d'infection récurrente du greffon. Cette technique consiste en un pontage fémoro-fémoral croisé avec un tunnel périnéal sous-cutané loin du scarpa infecté que le tunnel classique sus-pubiensous-cutané ne permet pas. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient âgé de 52 ans, artéritique, multi-opérés, admis pour infection du scarpa droit sur un pontage fémoro-fémoral prothétique perméable, le patient a eu une explantation de ce pontage et une revascularisation par un pontage périnéal sous-scrotal veineux loin du site infectieux; l’évolution a été excellente et le pontage est encore perméable après deux ans de suivi. Le pontage fémoro-fémoral périnéal est une procédure exceptionnellement réalisée, mais qui peut constituer une vraie option thérapeutique de revascularisation chez les patients avec une infection du scarpa. PMID:26955419

  19. Ralisation d'un rseau de piges annulaires : une premire tape vers une porte logique quantique avec des atomes froids

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dpret, B.; Verkerk, P.; Hennequin, D.

    2002-06-01

    L'objectif de ce projet est de raliser une porte logique quantique base sur l'interaction d'atomes dans deux sites voisins dans un rseau optique trs dsaccord. Le principal obstacle rencontr vient du faible taux d'occupation des sites de tels rseaux. Nous proposons ici de mettre en oeuvre un nouveau type de rseaux optiques qui devraient pallier cette limitation. Il s'agit d'un rseau unidimensionnel de piges annulaires empils avec une priode de ?/2. L'utilisation d'axicons conduit une gomtrie adapte des faisceaux et donne le confinement radial dans les anneaux. Le mouvement azimutal peut galement tre limit par une force auxiliaire. Le bon taux d'occupation est li au faible nombre de sites remplis partir du nuage d'atomes froids initial.

  20. Soins primaires des personnes victimes dune lsion mdullaire

    PubMed Central

    McColl, Mary Ann; Aiken, Alice; McColl, Alexander; Sakakibara, Brodie; Smith, Karen

    2012-01-01

    Rsum Objectif Effectuer une tude de la porte des donnes empiriques, entre 1980 et 2009, concernant les soins primaires aux adultes victimes dune lsion mdullaire (LME). Sources des donnes Une recension dans des revues rvises par des pairs de1980 2009 laide de CINAHL, PubMed-MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Social Sciences Abstracts et Social Work Abstracts. Slection des tudes La recherche lectronique au moyen de mots-cls a permis de cerner 42 articles sur les soins primaires et les LME. Des critres dinclusion ont servi rduire la liste un ensemble de 21 articles publis en anglais qui portaient sur un chantillon de plus de 3 et prsentaient une analyse empirique. Synthse Environ 90 % des personnes atteintes dune LME ont identifi leur mdecin de famille comme tant leur docteur habituel; 63 % avaient un spcialiste des LME. Les personnes vivant long terme avec une LME dveloppent des rubriques complexes pour naviguer dans leurs systmes de soins de sant personnels. Les donnes scientifiques ne sont pas unanimes quant lefficacit des programmes dintervention directe pour le maintien de la sant et la prvention des complications la suite dune LME. Les donnes appuient cependant le suivi priodique par une quipe spcialise et un bilan de sant annuel complet. La recherche fait valoir un fort degr duniformit dans lidentification des problmes les plus courants soulevs par les personnes atteintes dune LME en soins primaires, dont la plupart concernent lincapacit, plus prcisment les complications secondaires, comme la dysfonction intestinale ou vsicale et la douleur. Il existe aussi de bonnes donnes probantes leffet que de nombreux problmes de sant gnraux exigent de lattention dans une telle population, comme les problmes de la densit osseuse, la dpression et les questions entourant la sant sexuelle et la reproduction. Il y a des donnes de niveaux 4 et 5 concernant des besoins en matire de sant non satisfaits quont des personnes victimes dune LME vivant dans la communaut. En dpit du fait que les patients atteints dune LME utilisent beaucoup les soins primaires et les services de sant en gnral, les donnes scientifiques font valoir que les besoins de renseignements de ces patients en particulier ne sont pas adquatement satisfaits. Conclusion Un solide systme de soins primaires reprsente la meilleure assurance de bons rsultats sur le plan de la sant et dune utilisation raisonnable des services de sant chez les personnes victimes dune LME, notamment un bilan de sant annuel complet, un recours appropri aux autres spcialistes et une attention accorde laccessibilit et aux besoins insatisfaits.