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1

Faut-il faire une écho-endoscopie dans le cancer de l’estomac ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Résumé  Le groupe des enseignants en hépatogastro-entérologie écrivait en 1999 [1] sur le site de la SNFGE que le traitement du cancer\\u000a gastrique est chirurgical et qu’il n’est pas nécessaire de pratiquer d’autres examens que l’endoscopie pour le bilan gastrique\\u000a de l’extension du cancer.\\u000a \\u000a Ils confirmaient en cela une opinion généralement affirmée sur tous les continents dans la plupart des consensus

M. Witterwulghe

2004-01-01

2

De la nécessité d'une fine couche de nickel pour obtenir des couches minces de MoSe2 photoconductrices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A process to obtain photoconductive MoSe2 thin films is described. The films are obtained by annealing a multilayer Mo/Se/Mo...Se/Mo/Se structure evaporated onto a thin Ni layer. The films are stoichiometric and textured with the c axis of the crystallites perpendicular to the plane of the substrate. The films are photoconductive with a photocurrent of about 80~? A. Une méthode d'obtention de couches minces photoconductrices de MoSe2 a été mise au point. Ces couches sont obtenues à partir d'une structure multicouches Mo/Se/Mo/Se...Mo/Se déposée sur une fine couche de Ni. À l'issue d'un traitement thermique on a montré que des couches minces stœchiométriques, texturées et photoconductrices sont obtenues.

Ouerfelli, J.; Jlaïel, Z.; Guettari, N.; Gourmelon, E.; Pouzet, J.; Bernede, J. C.; Khelil, A.; Zoater, M.; Conan, A.

1998-08-01

3

En quels termes se pose le problème de la suprématie d'une classe  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Objet de la recherche hypothèses de départ Nature de la suprématie effet de domination Sous quelle forme il se présente pouvoir écono mique pouvoir politique pouvoir social La théorie des trois pouvoirs Sa mise en iuvre par la grande bourgeoisie sous la Monarchie de Juillet Portée de exemple choisi II Maintien de la suprématie Les obstacles que rencontre ce

Jean Lhomme

1956-01-01

4

Fair Sequences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter studies fair sequences and their applications in manu- facturing, hard real-time systems, computer and operating systems, the Internet and network services. One builds a fair sequence with n letters, where letter i = 1,...,n is to occur given number di of times in the sequence. The fair sequences will be those that allocate a fair share of positions

Wieslaw Kubiak

5

Exam fairness  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is widely agreed that exams must be fair; yet what this exactly means is not made clear. One may mean fairness of treatment, but this merely propagates the fairness or unfairness of pre-existing rules. Fairness of opportunity on the other hand necessarily leads to identical grades for everyone, which clearly makes it inapplicable. Neither view is helpful to make

Mathieu Bouville

2008-01-01

6

Fair Grades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair grading is modeled on two fundamental principles. The first principle is that grading should be impartial and consistent. The second prin- ciple is that a fair grade should be based on the student's competence in the academic content of the course. I derive corollary principles of fair grading from these two basic principles and use them to evaluate common

DARYL CLOSE

2009-01-01

7

Fair Procedures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These materials are part of the Project Benchmark series designed to teach secondary students about our legal concepts and systems. This unit focuses on individual rights and fair procedures under the law. The materials outline the Bill of Rights, due process guarantees, the right to a fair hearing, fair and unfair trials, search and seizure laws,…

Eaneman, Paulette S.; And Others

8

Les vaccins contre le m?ningocoque au Canada : une mise ? jour  

PubMed Central

RÉSUMÉ L’infection par le méningocoque est grave, car elle est souvent responsable d’une septicémie ou d’une méningite fulminantes. Il existe deux grands types de vaccin conjugué contre le méningocoque au Canada : le vaccin conjugué contre le méningocoque de sérotype C et le vaccin conjugué quadrivalent contre les sérogroupes A, C, Y et W-135. Les caractéristiques immunologiques qui étayent les politiques de vaccination continues, ainsi que certaines limites des connaissances actuelles, sont présentées. Tous les enfants canadiens devraient se faire administrer un vaccin conjugué contre le méningocoque de groupe C (MenC-C) à 12 mois, et soit une dose de rappel du vaccin MenC-C, soit le vaccin quadrivalent contre le méningocoque (MCV4), à l’adolescence. Les enfants très vulnérables à une infection invasive à méningocoque devraient recevoir le MenC-C dès l’âge de deux mois, puis le vaccin MCV4 dès deux ans.

Salvadori, MI; Bortolussi, R

2011-01-01

9

Science Fairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the educational values of participating in science fairs, and outlines the procedure used at Saint Ursula Academy, Toledo, to interest each biology student in an individual investigation. (JR)

Consentino, Mary Jane

1974-01-01

10

Fair Model  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Fair model web site includes a freely available United States macroeconomic econometric model and a multicounty econometric model. The models run on the Windows OS. Instructors can use the models to teach forecasting, run policy experiments, and evaluate historical episodes of macroeconomic behavior. The web site includes extensive documentation for both models. The simulation is for upper-division economics courses in macroeconomics or econometrics. The principle developer is Ray Fair at Yale University.

Blecha, Betty

11

FAIR - Fairness & Accuracy In Reporting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

FAIR is a media watch group that "seek[s] to invigorate the First Amendment by advocating for greater diversity in the press" and offers critical analysis and commentary on media bias and censorship issues. FAIR's Website includes selected articles from Extra!, the magazine of FAIR; current and archived broadcasts of CounterSpin, FAIR's weekly radio show; current and past editions of Media Beat, a weekly syndicated column on media and politics written by Norman Solomon; a section devoted to Media Activism; and a section called Media Watch Desks, which scrutinizes media from various perspectives. In addition, a section entitled Media Files organizes documents, broadcasts, and Websites by subject to help users locate specific information. FAIR also maintains a mailing list, that provides news, commentary, and action alerts to interested parties. [AO] To subscribe to FAIR-L, send a message to:    listserv@american.edu In the body of the message, type:    SUBSCRIBE FAIR-L firstname lastname

12

How Are Science Fairs Fairing?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|For more than half a century, the annual science fair has been a fixture in many a school's academic life, both for science teachers, who guide classes through the hands-on experience of researching topics of interest, and for students, who often hectically put the finishing touches on their work the night before it is exhibited in the school gym…

Schachter, Ron

2011-01-01

13

Planning a Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented are views, on planning science fairs and science fair projects, of a fair coordinator, a science teacher, and students. Also included are 25 questions which might result in science fair projects. (SL)|

Ebert, Jim

1976-01-01

14

An Alternative Science Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes the organization of noncompetitive science fairs to create a more positive learning experience for children in the elementary grades. Describes methods of organizing and judging the fair, and provides a list of suggested resources for science fair projects. (MDH)

Romjue, Mary Kalen; Clementson, John J.

1992-01-01

15

Pathomimie de l'enfant: ? propos d'une observation  

PubMed Central

La pathomimie cutanée se définit comme une maladie factice, provoquée dans un etat de conscience claire par le patient lui-même, au niveau du revêtement cutanéo-muqueux et/ou des phanères. Rare chez l'enfant, il s'agit d'une manifestation psychopathologique potentiellement grave et souvent difficile à prendre en charge. Nous rapportons le cas d'une fillette de 10 ans présentant une pathomimie sous forme de lésions excoriées multiples du visage.

Abilkassem, Rachid; Dini, Nezha; Ourai, Hakim; Kmari, Mohamed; Agadr, Aomar

2013-01-01

16

Minimisation de l'effet de la grille collectrice dans une photopile solaire à haute concentration solaire  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Une fois la croissance cristalline et la jonction sont réalisées, on collecte la puissance électrique délivrée par la photopile au moyen des contacts métalliques déposés sur deux faces. Sur la face arrière il n'y a pas de problèmes particuliers puisque toute la surface peut être utilisée ; la face avant pose essentiellement deux problèmes : Du point de vue optique, le taux de couverture doit être faible car la surface cachée par la métallisation est inactive ; Du point de vue électrique, le drainage des photoporteurs doit se faire avec le minimum de chutes de tension dans le semi-conducteur comme dans le métal. L'objectif de notre travail est de minimiser l'effet de la grille de collecte d'une photopile solaire à homojonction (Si n+p) d'une géométrie circulaire (rayon a=4.9cm), ayant une métallisation à l'argent (?M=1.610-6 ?.cm) et une résistance de contact ?C=10-5?.cm2. Nos calculs sont faits sous les conditions : AM1.5 et une concentration variant de 1à1000 soleils. Les différentes pertes causées par cette grille sont : - La puissance perdue par l'occultation de la grille (taux d'ombre), - Perte due au contact métal/semi-conducteur, - Puissance dissipée dans la résistance de couche entre barreaux, - Les pertes dans la métallisation de la grille. Nous résumons, dans cet article, les résultats de notre modélisation par : ast Dans l'intervalle [1, 200 soleils] le rendement de conversion varie de 14.7% à 18.1% pour un angle thêta (= 1/2 angle entre deux doigts consécutifs de grille) variant de 0.116 rad à 0.044 rad, ast Dans l'intervalle [ {200,1000 soleils} ] le rendement de conversion varie de 17.8% à 16.98% qui correspond ainsi à une variation de 0.041 rad à 0.026 rad de l'angle thêta.

Cheknane, A.; Benyoucef, B.; Charles, J.-P.; Zerdoum, R.

2005-05-01

17

Caracterisation de la cohesion de l'interface AMF/polymere dans une structure deformable adaptative  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Les structures déformables adaptatives (SDA) sont appelées à jouer un rôle important en aéronautique entre autres. Les alliages à mémoire de forme (AMF) sont un des candidats les plus prometteurs. Beaucoup de travail reste toutefois à faire avant que ces structures rencontrent les exigences élevées reliées à leur intégration dans un contexte aéronautique. Des travaux de recherche ont montré que la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère peut être un élément limitant dans la performance des SDA. Dans ce travail, l’effet sur la résistance à la décohésion de l’interface AMF/polymère de divers traitements de surface, géométries de fil et types de polymère est évalué. La géométrie du fil est modifiée par une combinaison spécifique de laminage à froid et de recuit postdéformation qui maintient les propriétés de mémoire de forme tout en permettant de réduire l’aire de la section transversale du fil. Le traitement thermomécanique le plus prometteur est proposé. Une nouvelle méthode d’évaluation de la résistance à la décohésion est développée. Plutôt que de tester les fils en arrachement et de mesurer la force maximale, les tests en contraction sont basés sur la capacité des fils d’AMF à se contracter s’ils ont été encastrés dans un état tiré et qu’ils sont chauffés par effet Joule. L’hypothèse qu’on pose est que ces tests sont une meilleure approximation des conditions rencontrées dans une SDA, où les fils se contractent plutôt qu’ils sont arrachés par une force externe à la structure. Bien qu’une décohésion partielle ait été observée pour tous les échantillons, l’aire de la surface où il y a décohésion tait plus grande pour les échantillons avec une pré-déformation plus grande. Le front de décohésion a semblé cesser de progresser après les cycles de chauffage initiaux lorsque la vitesse de chauffage était faible. Un modèle numérique simulant la réponse thermique transitoire du polymère et du fil d’AMF lors d’un chauffage par effet Joule est programmé à l’aide du logiciel ANSYS. Le comportement du modèle est validé avec des résultats expérimentaux où des thermocouples encastrés dans l’échantillon permettent des mesures locales de la température. Les résultats calculés sont en accord avec les résultats expérimentaux d’un point de vue qualitatif, mais accusent des différences significatives d’un point de vue quantitatif. La mesure du champ de déformation à l’interface du fil et du polymère dans une SDA permettrait de développer et valider un modèle numérique prenant en compte l’effet mémoire de forme d’un fil encastré dans une matrice polymère. Dans ce but, une machine de traction miniature permettant l’analyse par microspectrométrie Raman in situ est présentée. Elle a une capacité de 1 kN et un déplacement maximal de 20 mm dans une enveloppe de conception totale de 160 mm de diamètre. La machine est conçue pour que le milieu de l’échantillon soit immobile grâce au fait que le mouvement des deux extrémités soit symétrique. Les résultats montrent que du travail supplémentaire est nécessaire avant de pouvoir encastrer des fils d’AMF dans une structure déformable adaptative. Mots-clés: décohésion, structure active, alliage à mémoire de forme, AMF, tests d’arrachement.

Fischer-Rousseau, Charles

18

A Fair Proposition?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes problems with school science fairs including poor judging and a lack of understanding by the students of their own projects. Suggests improvements to the system. One suggestion is for science fair projects to be displayed only in classrooms and not district or regional fairs. (PR)

Grobman, Arnold

1993-01-01

19

1, 2, 3 … FAIR !  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR at Darmstadt/Germany will provide worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities allowing for a large variety of unprecedented forefront research in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics and applied sciences. The start version of FAIR, the so called Modularized Start Version includes a basic accelerator as well as three experimental modules - 1, 2, 3 FAIR!

Sturm, C.; Sharkov, B.; Stöcker, H.

2010-03-01

20

Resizing Triathlons for Fairness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As currently configured, triathlons are dominated by cyclists and runners. The concept of fairness, as applied to triathlons, suggests that a cyclist, runner, and swimmer, all equally proficient, can each traverse the associated segment of the triathlon in approximately equal times. This definition of fairness is used to derive fair triathlon…

Wainer, Howard; De Veaux, Richard D.

21

Sur le chaos Lagrangien dans une cuve elliptique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A viscous fluid is introduced into the annular space between two concentric, confocal ellipses. The inner and outer walls can be displaced along their circumference. A small quantity of fluorescent dye is introduced into the fluid and deformation and mixing are studied for the case of periodic boundary movement. An analytical solution in elliptical coordinates has been previously derived for creeping flow conditions. Poincaré sections for a given set of parameters indicate that counter-rotation leads to a more chaotic behaviour than co-rotation, this result is confirmed experimentally. This geometry can also be used as a heat exchanger. By a suitable choice of the parameters, the heat transfer for steady boundary motion can be increased by more than 50% with respect to the concentric cylinder system. If the inner and outer walls are displaced time-periodically, the heat transfer rate obtained can be more than double the rate obtained between concentric cylinders. Un fluide visqueux est introduit dans une cuve de géométrie elliptique, les parois interne et externe de cette cuve tournent suivant le périmètre de l'ellipse. Une petite quantité de traceur fluorescent est introduite dans le fluide et la déformation de l'élément marqué, lorsque le mouvement des deux parois est périodique, est étudiée. Pour cet écoulement où le nombre de Reynolds est très inférieur à 1 (régime de Stokes) et à partir d'une solution analytique récemmnent obtenue pour le cas stationnaire, des sections de Poincaré ont été tracées pour le cas d'une contra-rotation et d'une co-rotation. Les résultats expérimentaux montrent que, pour un protocole de mélange discontinu approprié, cette géométrie mène vers un mélange chaotique après un petit nombre de périodes. Par ailleurs, il est préférable de faire tourner les ellipses en contra-rotation. Ce résultat, en contradiction avec ceux déjà obtenus dans l'espace annulaire entre cylindres excentrés tournants, est confirmé numériquement par les sections de Poincaré. Enfin, ce système s'avère être un très bon échangeur de chaleur. Quand les parois interne et externe se déplacent par alternance, le transfert thermique entre la paroi et le fluide augmente considérablement. Par rapport au cas cylindrique concentrique, la géométrie elliptique conduit à un accroissement, d'un facteur supérieur à 2, du transfert thermique en régime de Couette.

Saatdjian, E.; Chassaing, M. I.; Midoux, N.; André, J. C.

1995-02-01

22

Fairness and nanotechnology concern.  

PubMed

Research suggests that fairness perceptions matter to people who are asked to evaluate the acceptability of risks or risk management. Two separate national random surveys (n?= 305 and?n?= 529) addressed Americans' concerns about and acceptance of nanotechnology risk management in the context of the degree to which they view scientists and risk managers as fair. The first survey investigated general views about scientists across four proposed dimensions of fairness (distributional, procedural, interpersonal, and informational). The results show that respondents who believe that the outcomes of scientific research tend to result in unequal benefits (distributional fairness) and that the procedures meant to protect the public from scientific research are biased (procedural fairness) were more concerned about nanotechnology. Believing scientists would treat them with respect (interpersonal fairness) and ensure access to information (informational fairness) were not significant predictors of concern. The second study also looked at these four dimensions of fairness but focused on perceptions of risk managers working for government, universities, and major companies. In addition to concern, it also examined acceptance of nanotechnology risk management. Study 2 results were similar to those of study 1 for concern; however, only perceived informational fairness consistently predicted acceptance of nanotechnology risk management. Overall, the study points to the value of considering fairness perceptions in the study of public perceptions of nanotechnology. PMID:21883336

McComas, Katherine A; Besley, John C

2011-08-29

23

Comment faire une IRM des mains dans la polyarthrite rhumatoïde ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

MRI of the hands in patients with rheumatoid arthritis is becoming routine. It is therefore necessary to develop simple standardized protocols providing fast imaging. It is best to image both hands simultaneously, from distal radioulnar to proximal interphalangeal joints, using a surface coil. Three imaging features are evaluated: synovitis, marrow edema and erosions. These can be quantified with the ‘RAMRIS’

C. Cyteval

2010-01-01

24

The Technology Fair Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the technology fair is to enhance technological problem-solving skills. This article discusses a technology fair centered on a university/school partnership, which raised the level of complexity both with administrative and scientific issues. The end result of such partnerships is that schools have the opportunity to demonstrate an…

Mettas, Alexandros; Constantinou, Constantinos

2006-01-01

25

It's Not Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Is a "fair test" the only way to carry out science investigations? Many children (and primary teachers) following the National Curriculum in England and Wales would answer "yes" to this question. This is because fair test investigations have historically been promoted in national assessment, published curricula, schemes of work and assessment…

Turner, Jane

2012-01-01

26

Cable Fairing Attachment.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This patent application discloses systems and methods for automatically applying fairings to a cable as the cable is deployed from a winch. Each fairing has two halves, with each half having a recess, or groove, to accommodate the cable. Like halves are c...

A. A. Ruffa

2010-01-01

27

It's Not Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Is a "fair test" the only way to carry out science investigations? Many children (and primary teachers) following the National Curriculum in England and Wales would answer "yes" to this question. This is because fair test investigations have historically been promoted in national assessment, published curricula, schemes of work and assessment…

Turner, Jane

2012-01-01

28

Rethinking the Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Spring is the season when thousands of creased cardboard pests can be found lodged under the armpits of students and teachers as they observe the educational rite of spring known as the school science fair. A recent visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these events reminded the authors of why they so dislike science fairs. In…

Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

2008-01-01

29

Rethinking the Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this article, the authors reflect on whether the competitiveness of science fairs does anything to enhance the learning environment of schools. The authors narrate how a visit to a local school's gymnasium to witness one of these gala events reminded them of why they so dislike science fairs. The authors mention that they applaud any sincere…

Craven, John; Hogan, Tracy

2008-01-01

30

Fair trade in tourism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tourism as an industry is increasing rapidly in developing countries. Due to historical inequality in global trading relationships on the basis of 'core-periphery' dependency, globalisation and liberalised free trade, mainstream mass tourism reinforces the social and economic disadvantages of southern destinations. The 'Fair Trade Movement' has sought to redress unequal trading by promoting fair trade in commodities with small producers

Robert Cleverdon; Angela Kalisch

2000-01-01

31

Fairness Doctrine in Advertising.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|After a decade of debate, numerous Federal Communications Commission (FCC) rulings, and many court decisions, the application of the "fairness doctrine"--an act that mandates objectivity in the presentation of facts concerning controversial issues--remains unsettled. This report discusses issues involved in the application of the fairness

Martin, Charles Vance

32

A fair test of the fair innings?  

PubMed

Priority setting in health care under conventional rules of health economic evaluation is based upon the ethos of attempting to maximize post-treatment health gain given available health care resources. In his later years, Alan Williams advocated the "fair innings argument,'' which balances differences in whole lifetime experiences of health with differences in post-treatment outcomes when prioritizing people for health care. This article reports a study that presented respondents with a number of abstract health care decision contexts in an attempt to test the extent to which post-treatment health maximization, the fair innings argument, or, indeed other "decision rules,'' are evident in the respondents' answers. The results indicate that the most commonly observed decision rule differs substantially across health care contexts, and therefore imply that rather than pursue an overarching decision rule, it may be more appropriate to vary the rule according to the particular health care decision context under consideration. PMID:19506083

Oliver, Adam

2009-06-08

33

Rééducation d’une épaule douloureuse, faire simple ou compliqué ? Faire compliqué  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physiotherapy is indicated in most if not all situations of painful shoulders. We have been using the Global Shoulder Concept over the last 25 years. After functional evaluation and careful examination of the shoulder (range of motion in flexion, abduction and horizontal adduction), we perform resisting tests for each tendinomuscular group and bursitis clinical tests. Based on the results, physiotherapy protocol

Thierry Marc; David Rifkin; Thierry Gaudin; Jacques Teissier; François Bonnel

2010-01-01

34

Science Fairs for All.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses a science fair project with a diverse group of K-2 urban school students. Students experienced the purpose and procedure for a scientific investigation, although they learned in different ways and at different rates. (ASK)|

Shaw, Donna Gail; Cook, Cheryl; Ribelin, Teralyn

2000-01-01

35

Vehicle underbody fairing  

SciTech Connect

A vehicle underbody fairing apparatus for reducing aerodynamic drag caused by a vehicle wheel assembly, by reducing the size of a recirculation zone formed under the vehicle body immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly. The fairing body has a tapered aerodynamic surface that extends from a front end to a rear end of the fairing body with a substantially U-shaped cross-section that tapers in both height and width. Fasteners or other mounting devices secure the fairing body to an underside surface of the vehicle body, so that the front end is immediately downstream of the vehicle wheel assembly and a bottom section of the tapered aerodynamic surface rises towards the underside surface as it extends in a downstream direction.

Ortega, Jason M. (Pacifica, CA); Salari, Kambiz (Livermore, CA); McCallen, Rose (Livermore, CA)

2010-11-09

36

Fair weather atmospheric electricity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Not long after Franklin's iconic studies, an atmospheric electric field was discovered in "fair weather" regions, well away from thunderstorms. The origin of the fair weather field was sought by Lord Kelvin, through development of electrostatic instrumentation and early data logging techniques, but was ultimately explained through the global circuit model of C.T.R. Wilson. In Wilson's model, charge exchanged by disturbed weather electrifies the ionosphere, and returns via a small vertical current density in fair weather regions. New insights into the relevance of fair weather atmospheric electricity to terrestrial and planetary atmospheres are now emerging. For example, there is a possible role of the global circuit current density in atmospheric processes, such as cloud formation. Beyond natural atmospheric processes, a novel practical application is the use of early atmospheric electrostatic investigations to provide quantitative information on past urban air pollution.

Harrison, R. G.

2011-06-01

37

Fairness in consumer pricing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two case studies illustrate problems of fairness in consumer pricing. The May D&F case involves charges of deceptive advertising as a result of the retailer's “high-low pricing”; customers were allegedly deceived by artificially inflated “regular” prices and discounts promoted from these prices. The GDC case involves charges that 10,000 consumers were deceived into purchasing homes at prices higher than “fair

Patrick J. Kaufmann; Gwen Ortmeyer; N. Craig Smith

1991-01-01

38

Scheme fair threads  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents Fair Threads, a new model for concurrent programming. This multi-threading model combines preemptive and cooperative scheduling. User threads execute according to a cooperative strategy. Service threads execute according to a preemptive strategy. User threads may ask services from service threads in order to improve performance by exploiting hardware parallelism and in order to execute non-blocking operations.Fair threads

Manuel Serrano; Frédéric Boussinot; Bernard P. Serpette

2004-01-01

39

Approche au diagnostic de la maladie coeliaque chez les patients ayant une faible densit? min?rale osseuse ou des fractures de fragilit?  

PubMed Central

Résumé Objectif Présenter aux cliniciens une mise à jour sur le diagnostic de la maladie cœliaque (MC), ainsi que des recommandations sur les indications de procéder au dépistage de la MC chez les patients présentant une faible densité minérale osseuse (DMO) ou des fractures de fragilité. Qualité des données Un groupe de travail multidisciplinaire a élaboré des questions cliniquement pertinentes relativement au diagnostic de la MC servant de fondement à une recherche documentaire dans les bases de données MEDLINE, EMBASE et CENTRAL (de janvier 2000 à janvier 2009) à l’aide des mots clés en anglais celiac disease, osteoporosis, osteopenia, low bone mass et fracture. Les ouvrages scientifiques existants comportent des études de niveaux I et II. Message principal La prévalence estimée de la MC asymptomatique est de 2 % à 3 % chez les personnes qui ont une faible DMO. Par ailleurs, un dépistage ciblé est recommandé pour les patients qui ont des T-scores de ?1,0 ou moins à la colonne vertébrale ou aux hanches ou des antécédents de fractures de fragilité associées à des symptômes ou à des problèmes reliés à la MC, des antécédents familiaux de MC ou de bas niveaux de calcium urinaire, une insuffisance en vitamine D et des niveaux à la hausse d’hormones parathyroïdiennes en dépit d’un apport suffisant en calcium et en vitamine D. Le dépistage de la MC devrait se faire pendant que le sujet consomme un régime alimentaire contenant du gluten. On procède au dépistage initial par le dosage d’immunoglobuline (Ig) A antitransglutaminase en utilisant la transglutaminase tissulaire humaine recombinante ou une autre transglutaminase tissulaire, en association avec l’immunofluorescence des IgA anti-endomysium. Une biopsie du duodénum est nécessaire pour confirmer le diagnostic de la MC. Le typage des antigènes des leucocytes humains peut aider à confirmer ou à exclure le diagnostic de la MC dans les cas où la sérologie et l’histologie ne concordent pas. Le diagnostic définitif se fonde sur les caractéristiques cliniques, sérologiques et histologiques combinées à une réponse positive à une alimentation sans gluten.

Rios, Lorena P.; Khan, Aliya; Sultan, Muhammad; McAssey, Karen; Fouda, Mona A.; Armstrong, David

2013-01-01

40

Fairness in technological design.  

PubMed

This paper addresses an important multi-disciplinary issue of current interest, that is, the implications of technological design for fairness. A visual, graphical methodology centered on the Taylor-Russell diagram is proposed to address this issue. The Taylor-Russell diagram helps to identify and explore ways in which predictions built into designs can pit the interests of different constituencies against one another. The configuration of the design represents a trade-off between the interests of the communities involved. Whether or not the trade-off is appropriate constitutes a problem of fairness or distributive justice. The breadth of this methodology is supported by a diversity of examples analyzed. These include a surveillance system, an automotive safety system, a civic information system, and the international food distribution system. These examples provide models for application of the methodology to the analysis of designs in further areas of concern. Limitations of the methodology are also discussed. While it helps to identify and clarify issues of fairness in technology design, the methodology does not provide a general theory of fairness, nor can it provide fair solutions to such issues without appeal to further principles or concepts. PMID:21336527

Shelley, Cameron

2011-02-19

41

The FAIR start  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the 4th of October 2010 nine countries signed the international agreement on the construction of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR. Adjacent to the existing accelerator complex of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt/Germany, FAIR substantially expands research goals and technical possibilities. It will provide worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities allowing for a large variety of unprecedented fore-front research in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics as well as applied sciences which will be described in this article briefly.

Stoecker, H.; Sturm, C.

2011-04-01

42

No Stress Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Two recurring hurdles seem to reduce the effectiveness of science fairs--finding time in the regular curriculum and excessive parental involvement. The time issue too often manifests itself with the obviously last-minute, overnight project of dubious learning value. The pollution of parental handiwork ruins the student's opportunity to actually…

Rose, Robert

2004-01-01

43

Super Science Fair Sourcebook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This guide to science fair projects is designed for students and provides clear directions on how to complete a successful science project. Real projects are used as examples and information and advice is provided by teachers, judges, and participants and their families about the process. Topics covered in this book include choosing a science…

Iritz, Maxine Haren

44

Conflicts and Fair Testing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper studies conflicts from a process-algebraic point of view and shows how they are related to the testing theory of fair testing. Conflicts have been introduced in the context of discrete event systems, where two concurrent systems are said to be in conflict if they can get trapped in a situation where they are waiting or running endlessly, forever

Robi Malik; David Streader; Steve Reeves

2006-01-01

45

Fair Housing and Latinos.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Latinos need the protection of the proposed Fair Housing Amendments of 1987 and the active support of the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) to overcome housing discrimination. Latinos are both disproportionately poor and inadequately housed, but low income alone cannot fully explain the poor housing conditions under which many…

Cubillos, Herminia L.

46

Aspects of Fair Division.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Provides an exposition of several elementary models of fair division as they occur in the theory of games, inclusive of: The Problem of the Nile, The Ham Sandwich Problem, and The Steinhaus Solution of Divide and Choose. The discussion is intended to be e...

A. A. Lewis

1980-01-01

47

Fair Credit Billing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Designed for the general public and possibly suitable also for high school economics students, this pamphlet explains how to resolve a billing dispute in a way that protects the customer's credit rating and legal rights. The pamphlet focuses on specific requirements of the Fair Credit Billing law and presents the following: (1) six legal criteria…

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, Washington, DC.

48

Science Fair Project Ideas  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science Buddies offers free science fair project ideas, answers, and tools for students and teachers in grades K-12. With a comprehensive offering of tools from the Topic Selection Wizard to the Teachers Guide to Science Projects, Science Buddies empowers teachers and students to explore science through hands on activities that are engaging and educational.

49

Remaking laissez-faire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Only ideas can overcome ideas', Ludwig von Mises once remarked. Exploring this contention in relation to the long and winding ascendancy of neoliberalism, the paper presents a spatialized genealogy of the free-market ideational programme. From its multiple beginnings, in a series of situated, sympathetic critiques of nineteenth-century laissez-faire, neoliberalism has always been an open-ended, plural and adaptable project. The prehistories

Jamie Peck

2008-01-01

50

FAIR@Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at GSI-Darmstadt, will be a source of exotic radionuclidic\\u000a beam and is expected to be operational in 2016. The facility will deliver 2 GeV\\/u to 45 GeV\\/u beam covering the entire range\\u000a of the periodic table with the intensities three orders of magnitude higher than that available anywhere in the world today.

Bikash Sinha

51

Science Fair Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sciences fair season is a time when seasoned non-science teachers typically give up all hope of cramming any more knowledge into the heads of their students. It's just too much. However, non-science types might be missing out on a pretty good deal. The science department has got these kids in a pretty tight grip as far as the process and the…

Sullivan, Kevin

2004-01-01

52

Hadron Physics at FAIR  

SciTech Connect

The new FAIR facility in Darmstadt has a broad program in the field of hadron and nuclear physics utilizing ion beams with unprecedented intensity and accuracy. The hadron physics program centers around the the high-energy storage ring HESR for antiprotons and the PANDA experiment that is integrated in it. The physics program includes among others topics like hadron spectroscopy in the charmonium mass region and below, hyperon physics, electromagnetic processes and charm in nuclei.

Wiedner, Ulrich [Institut f. Experimentalphysik I, Ruhr-University Bochum D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2011-10-24

53

Science Fair Projects Encyclopedia  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This comprehensive reference is intended to be used by students in researching background information on science fair projects. They can enter a keyword (e.g. scientific method, molecule, cloud, carbohydrate etc.), or choose from the listed categories. Categories for the Earth sciences include geology, meteorology, oceanography, and seismology. These links lead to further information with all technical words linked to their definition. There are no specific ideas for projects at this site.

54

PROTON MICROSCOPY AT FAIR  

SciTech Connect

Proton radiography was invented in the 1990's at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as a diagnostic to study dynamic material properties under extreme pressures, strain and strain rate. Since this time hundreds of dynamic proton radiography experiments have been performed at LANL and a facility has been commissioned at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Russia for similar applications in dynamic material studies. Recently an international effort has investigated a new proton radiography capability for the study of dynamic material properties at the Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR) located in Darmstadt, Germany. This new Proton microscope for FAIR(PRIOR) will provide radiographic imaging of dynamic systems with unprecedented spatial, temporal and density resolution, resulting in a window for understanding dynamic material properties at new length scales. It is also proposed to install the PRIOR system at the GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung before installation at FAIR for dynamic experiments with different drivers including high explosives, pulsed power and lasers. The design of the proton microscope and expected radiographic performance is presented.

Merrill, F. E.; Mariam, F. G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 87544 (United States); Golubev, A. A.; Turtikov, V. I. [Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, 117269 Moscow (Russian Federation); Varentsov, D. [GSI Helmoholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung GmbH, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany)

2009-12-28

55

Fractions: How to Fair Share  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Children learn from a very early age what it means to get their "fair share." Whether it is candy or birthday cake, many children successfully create equal-size groups or parts of a collection or whole but later struggle to create fair shares of multiple wholes, such as fairly sharing four pies among a family of seven. Recent research suggests…

Wilson, P. Holt; Edgington, Cynthia P.; Nguyen, Kenny H.; Pescosolido, Ryan S.; Confrey, Jere

2011-01-01

56

NCLEX fairness and sensitivity review.  

PubMed

The National Council Licensing Examination is an examination that is used for the purpose of licensing registered nurses and practical/vocational nurses. To help ensure that the examination questions (items) are fair and unbiased, all items undergo a fairness and sensitivity review as part of the item development process. This article focuses on the fairness and sensitivity review. PMID:19726969

Wendt, Anne; Kenny, Lorraine; Riley, Michelle

57

Fairness in multicultural assessment systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about fairness (equity) in large?scale assessment systems within multicultural societies. It makes the key assumptions that fairness is fundamentally a sociocultural, rather than a technical, issue and that fair assessment cannot be considered in isolation from both the curriculum and the educational opportunities of the students. Equity is defined as a qualitative concern for what is just.

Gordon Stobart

2005-01-01

58

The status of FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article provides an overall technical and scientific description of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR), an international accelerator facility for research in Europe, to be constructed at the site of the GSI Laboratory at Darmstadt, Germany. The article includes: i) an outline of the accelerator systems and their performance characteristics; ii) a brief description of the research programs and the associated experimental facilities; iii) an overview of the legal and administrative framework; iv) a summary of the current status (as of January 2009).

Beier, Thomas

2009-11-01

59

Urban Fair: How Cities Celebrate Themselves.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Designed to help communities plan their first urban fair, this guide describes 10 successful urban fairs and then discusses elements that must be considered in planning and staging a new fair. The descriptions of individual fairs cover their history, majo...

N. Lee B.C. May J. Porter

1981-01-01

60

La perception d’une discipline scolaire par les elèves. Représentation et effets identitaires  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  La perception d’une discipline par les élèves est abordée comme relevant d’une construction visant à donner un sens à leur\\u000a réalité scolaire quotidienne et ne se réalisant donc pas indépendamment des conditions sociales de son élaboration, ni des\\u000a significations sociales attribuées à cette discipline et à ses contenus. Les résultats d’une enquête mennée en France auprès\\u000a d’élèves de niveau Collège

Michel Chambon

1990-01-01

61

Le kyste hydatique du cordon spermatique: une localisation exceptionnelle  

PubMed Central

L’ hydatidose est une anthropo-zoonose due au développement chez l'homme de la forme larvaire du taenia Echinococcus granulosis. La plupart des kystes hydatiques se localisent dans le foie et les poumons. Le kyste hydatique du cordon spermatique est extrêmement rare avec seulement 4 cas rapportés dans la littérature. Les auteurs rapportent dans cet article un nouveau cas d'hydatidose du cordon spermatique. Il s'agissait d'un homme de 40 ans qui consultait pour des douleurs scrotales évoluant depuis huit mois. L'examen clinique a mis en évidence une tuméfaction mobile, inguino-scrotale, droite. L’échographie testiculaire a objectivé une hernie inguinale droite associée à deux kystes épididymaires bilatéraux. Le patient a été opéré pour cure de son hernie avec découverte en per-opératoire d'un kyste du cordon spermatique qui a été réséqué. L'examen anatomopathologique a conclu à une hydatidose du cordon spermatique.

Hamdane, Mohamed Moncef; Bougrine, Fethi; Msakni, Issam; Dhaoui-Ghozzi, Amen; Bouziani, Ammar

2011-01-01

62

Vers une fiscalité européenne ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] L'achèvement prochain du grand marché intérieur européen a fait apparaître l'urgence de l'harmonisation de certains impôts. Mais le débat a porté jusqu'à présent, pour l'essentiel, sur les impôts qui peuvent avoir une incidence directe sur l'instauration de la libre circulation des biens et des capitaux : les taxes indirectes et l'imposition des revenus de placements. Bien que probablement modeste

Marie-Hélène Blonde; Gérard Cornilleau; Pascal Helwaser; Henri Sterdyniak; Bill Robinson; Stephen Smith

1990-01-01

63

Une architecture multiagent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Les systèmes tutoriels intelligents (STI) existants sont, pour la plupart, destinés à l'enseignement d'un domaine restreint. Le STI considéré dans ce papier s'attaque à l'enseignement d'un domaine entier du savoir. L'enseignement est une activité humaine qui revêt un caractère fondamentalement opportuniste. Aussi, le «mécanisme» qu'incarne le STI est perçu comme un processus de planification opportuniste au sens de la résolution

Jean Girard; Gilles Gauthier; Sylvie Levesque

1992-01-01

64

Planning a School Book Fair.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Everything needed to know about putting on a school book fair is presented in this volume. The information is based on explicit incidents and experiences from the oldest continuous annual PTA book fair in America at Marion Street School in Lynbrook, New Y...

S. C. Gross

1970-01-01

65

Nuclear Astrophysics at FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An overview about the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research -FAIR- is given, with especial emphasis on the astrophysical aspects of the NUSTAR (NUclear StrucTure, Astrophysics and Reactions) project. Many types of astrophysically relevant experiments will be performed at NUSTAR. A common tool in all of them will be the large acceptance superconducting in-flight fragment separator (Super-FRS). Rare isotopes of all elements up to Uranium will be produced and spatially separated, thus allowing for the study of very short-lived nuclei. At the low energy branch of the SuperFRS the DESPEC-setup will allow for precise ?-decay measurements, including neutron emission probabilities, and for the study of the nuclear structure of very exotic species. High precision Penning trap mass measurements will be carried out with the MATS setup installed at the low-energy branch. Large scale mass measurements will be performed using a complex of storage and cooler rings, the NESR and the CR. In summary, a vast amount of new data far off stability will become available. This will be particularly interesting for the study of explosive nucleosynthesis events, like the rapid neutron capture and the rapid proton capture processes. At the high-energy branch of the SuperFRS, the R3B setup will provide access to a large variety of kinematically complete measurements at relativistic energies, such as heavy ion induced electromagnetic excitation, knockout and breakup reactions or light-ion (in)elastic scattering in inverse kinematics. This will enable e.g. to study Gamow-Teller strengths or to determine astrophysical S-factors on exotic nuclei.

Domingo-Pardo, C.

2010-08-01

66

Stochastic Fair Blue: A Queue Management Algorithm for Enforcing Fairness  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes and evaluates Stochastic Fair Blue(SFB), a novel technique for enforcing fairness among a large number of flows. SFB scalably detects and rate-limits non-responsive flows through the use of a marking probability derived from the BLUE queue management algorithm and a Bloom filter. Using analysis and simulation, SFB is shown to effectively handle non-responsive flows using an extremely

Wu-chang Feng; Dilip D. Kandlur; Debanjan Saha; Kang G. Shin

2001-01-01

67

Angels Ever Bright and Fair  

Microsoft Academic Search

O worse than Death indeed! lead me, ye guards\\u000aLead me, or to the rack, or to the flames,\\u000aI'll thank your gracious mercy.\\u000aAngels ever bright and fair. Angels ever bright and fair,\\u000aTake, O take me Take, O take me to your care;\\u000atake me, Take, O, take me Angels every bright and fair.\\u000aTake, O take me

George Frideric handel; Thomas Morell; Christine Nilsson

1872-01-01

68

Fair Use: Law, Ethics and Librarians  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fair use doctrine allows the use of copyrighted works without the permission of the copyright owner. Fair use is a legal concept, and the test for determining if a use is fair is contained in the Copyright Act of 1976. But fair use is also an ethical concept because it involves a determination of when it is fair to

Rebecca R. Pressman

2008-01-01

69

La miliaire h?patique: une pr?sentation ?chographique rare de la tuberculose h?patique d?couverte chez un adolescent immuno-comp?tent  

PubMed Central

Ce cas clinique rapporte un cas de tuberculose hépatique de présentation échographique exceptionnelle. Nous avons réalisé l’échographie abdominale d'un adolescent de 12 ans, immuno-compétent, sans notion de contage tuberculeux, se plaignant de douleur abdominale chronique évoluant depuis 8 mois associée à des signes frustres d‘imprégnation tuberculeuse. L'examen échographique a été réalisé à l'aide d'un appareil écho-doppler de marque Logic 400 de la firme General Electric. L’échographie abdominale a mis en évidence, une hépatomégalie comportant de multiples micro-abcès hypoéchogènes homogènes, mesurant entre 3 et 4 mm de diamètre et disséminés dans tout le parenchyme hépatique donnant l'aspect de miliaire. Une ascite de moyenne abondance localisée dans le pelvis a été objectivée. Il n'y avait pas d'adénopathies profondes ni de nodules péritonéaux. La ponction biopsie hépatique sous guidage échographique a permis de faire le diagnostic de tuberculose hépatique à l'histologie et à la bactériologie. Le patient a été mis sous traitement spécifique avec une surveillance échographique mensuelle. La disparition des micro-abcès et le tarissement de l'ascite ont été obtenus au bout du 4ème mois du traitement. Celle de l'hépatomégalie est survenue un mois plus tard. L’échographie joue un rôle très important dans la détection précoce de la tuberculose hépatique, son diagnostic précis et la surveillance du traitement. Lors de sa réalisation dans un contexte de douleur abdominale chronique chez l'enfant, l’échographiste devrait évoquer le diagnostic de tuberculose hépatique devant une hépatomégalie multi-micro-abcédée, même chez l'enfant immuno-compétent.

N'goran, Kouame; Akaffou, Evelyne; Konan, Anhum Nicaise; N'goan-Domoua, Anne-Marie

2011-01-01

70

CyberFair school contest  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"CyberFair 96: Share & Unite" will be showcased as part of the Internet 1996 World Exposition, modeled after the great world's fairs at the turn of the 20th century. This is an international, project-based, Internet learning activity that is open to all schools (grade levels K-12) in all countries. International CyberFair participants will create curricular content for use by students around the world by showcasing their local communities via the World Wide Web. Participating schools will be asked to conduct a research project involving community resources and to publish their project on a Web site. In addition to the incredible learning experience, every school that participates will receive a "thank you for playing" prize donated by businesses who believe the Internet can positively impact education. Complete information on CyberFair 96 is available at the Web site.

71

Fairness, Efficiency, Risk, and Time  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a model of a 2-person-2-period-economy with specific (human) capital. Although the individuals are purely selfish, the outcome is seemingly guided by pro-social behavior. We find in our model economy that fairness and effi ciency are positively related whereas risk aversion seems to have no major impact on the seemingly fair behavior. A rise in the time preference increases

Gerald Seidel

72

Fistule art?rio-ur?t?rale apr?s une pelvectomie ant?rieure : Complication rare et grave  

PubMed Central

Résumé La fistule artério-urétérale (FAU), qui survient immédiatement après une cystectomie, est une complication exceptionnelle et grave. De nos jours, seulement quelques cas sporadiques ont été signalés dans la littérature. Elle se manifeste presque exclusivement par une hématurie brutale, massive et intermittente pouvant être à l’origine d’une instabilité hémodynamique menaçant le pronostic vital du patient à court terme. Son diagnostic doit être fait sans retard. Les explorations radiologiques restent peu spécifiques et peu sensibles et se basent essentiellement sur l’artériographie. Le traitement est non codifié selon l’état général du patient et surtout de la nature de la fistule. Nous décrivons un cas de FAU faisant suite à une pelvectomie antérieure et nous discuterons à l’aide d’une revue de la littérature les aspects diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques de cette complication.

Zine el abidine, Mohamed Hosni; Hmida, Wissem; Slama, Adel; Hidoussi, Adnene; Jaidane, Mehdi; Ben Sorba, Nabil; Mosbah, Ali Fawzi

2012-01-01

73

Restauration adaptative des contours par une approche inspiree de la prediction des performances  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

En teledetection, les cartes de contours peuvent servir, entre autres choses, a la restitution geometrique, a la recherche d'elements lineaires, ainsi qu'a la segmentation. La creation de ces cartes est faite relativement tot dans la chaine de traitements d'une image. Pour assurer la qualite des operations subsequentes, il faut veiller a obtenir une carte de contours precise. Notre problematique est de savoir s'il est possible de diminuer la perte de temps liee au choix d'algorithme et de parametre en corrigeant automatiquement la carte de contours. Nous concentrerons donc nos efforts sur le developpement d'une methode de detection/restauration de contours adaptative. Notre methode s'inspire d'une technique de prediction des performances d'algorithmes de bas niveau. Elle consiste a integrer un traitement par reseau de neurones a une methode " classique " de detection de contours. Plus precisement, nous proposons de combiner la carte de performances avec la carte de gradient pour permettre des decisions plus exactes. La presente etude a permis de developper un logiciel comprenant un reseau de neurones entraine pour predire la presence de contours. Ce reseau de neurones permet d'ameliorer les decisions de detecteurs de contours, en reduisant le nombre de pixels de fausses alarmes et de contours manques. La premiere etape de ce travail consiste en une methode d'evaluation de performance pour les cartes de contours. Une fois ce choix effectue, il devient possible de comparer les cartes entre elles. Il est donc plus aise de determiner, pour chaque image, la meilleure detection de contours. La revue de la litterature realisee simultanement a permis de faire un choix d'un groupe d'indicateurs prometteurs pour la restauration de contours. Ces derniers ont servi a la calibration et a l'entrainement d'un reseau de neurones pour modeliser les contours. Par la suite, l'information fournie par ce reseau a ete combinee par multiplication arithmetique avec les cartes d'amplitudes de detecteurs " classiques " afin de fournir de nouvelles cartes d'amplitude du gradient. Le seuillage de ces contours donne des cartes de contours " optimisees ". Sur les images aeroportees du jeu de donnees South Florida, la mediane des mesures-F de la pour l'algorithme de Sobel passe de 51,3 % avant la fusion a 56,4 % apres. La mediane des mesures-F pour l'algorithme de Kirsch ameliore est de 56,3 % et celle de Frei-Chen ameliore est de 56,3 %. Pour l'algorithme de Sobel avec seuillage adaptatif, la mesure-F mediane est de 52,3 % avant fusion et de 57,2 % apres fusion. En guise de comparaison, la mesure-F mediane pour le detecteur de Moon, mathematiquement optimal pour contours de type " rampe ", est de 53,3 % et celle de l'algorithme de Canny, est de 61,1 %. L'applicabilite de notre algorithme se limite aux images qui, apres filtrage, ont un rapport signal sur bruit superieur ou egal a 20. Sur les photos au sol du jeu de donnees de South Florida, les resultats sont comparables a ceux obtenus sur les images aeroportees. Par contre, sur le jeu de donnees de Berkeley, les resultats n'ont pas ete concluants. Sur une imagette IKONOS du campus de l'Universite de Sherbrooke, pour l'algorithme de Sobel, la mesure-F est de 45,7 % +/-0,9 % avant la fusion et de 50,8 % apres. Sur une imagette IKONOS de l'Agence Spatiale Canadienne, pour l'algorithme de Sobel avec seuillage adaptatif, la mesure-F est de 35,4 % +/-0,9 % avant la fusion et de 42,2 % apres. Sur cette meme image, l'algorithme de Argyle (Canny sans post-traitement) a une mesure-F de 35,1 % +/-0,9 % avant fusion et de 39,5 % apres. Nos travaux ont permis d'ameliorer la banque d'indicateurs de Chalmond, rendant possible le pretraitement avant le seuillage de la carte de gradient. A chaque etape, nous proposons un choix de parametres permettant d'utiliser efficacement la methode proposee. Les contours corriges sont plus fins, plus complets et mieux localises que les contours originaux. Une etude de sensibilite a ete effectuee et permet de mieux comprendre la contributio

Rousseau, Kami

74

Une recension des ?crits concernant la r?alit? psychoaffective des femmes ayant une vulvodynie : Difficult?s rencontr?es et strat?gies d?velopp?es  

PubMed Central

HISTORIQUE : Au cours des trois dernières décennies, une attention grandissante a été portée à l’étude du syndrome de vulvodynie, soit un inconfort vulvaire chronique inexpliqué, éprouvé en l’absence de pathologie précisée. En plus d’avoir des répercussions physiques, l’expérience de la vulvodynie comporte une dimension psychosociale. OBJECTIF : Cet article vise à faire une recension des écrits sur la réalité psychoaffective des femmes qui éprouvent une vulvodynie. MÉTHODE : Une recherche documentaire basée sur une exploration systématique de textes présentant des résultats de recherche et recensés dans les principales banques de données en sciences sociales, dont Dissertation Abstracts, Current Contents et PsycINFO, a été réalisée. RÉSULTATS : Cette recension des écrits révèle, malgré la présence de certains résultats divergents, que les femmes ayant une vulvodynie affrontent souvent des difficultés identitaires et psychologiques, qui sont influencées notamment par les normes sociales de sexualité et de féminité. Pour composer avec ces difficultés, les femmes développent différentes stratégies visant à diminuer le stress occasionné par la douleur et à améliorer leur bien-être psychologique. CONCLUSION : Les difficultés relationnelles et psychologiques vécues par les femmes ayant une vulvodynie ne découlent pas seulement de la douleur physique, mais aussi du sens qu’elles lui accordent, souvent influencé par les discours sociaux sur l’hétérosexualité et la féminité. Il importe donc d’intervenir auprès des femmes en tenant compte de l’influence du contexte social tout en poursuivant le développement des connaissances sur les aspects psychosociaux de cette expérience.

Cantin-Drouin, Maude; Damant, Dominique; Turcotte, Daniel

2008-01-01

75

Future Facility: FAIR at GSI  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research, FAIR, is a new particle accelerator facility to be built at the GSI site in Germany. The research at FAIR will cover a wide range of topics in nuclear and hadron physics, high density plasma and atomic physics, and applications in condensed matter physics and biology. A 1.1 km circumference double ring of rapidly cycling 100 and 300 Tm synchrotrons, will be FAIR's central accelerator system. It will be used to produce, inter alia, high intensity secondary beams of antiprotons and short-lived radioactive nuclei. A subsequent suite of cooler and storage rings will deliver heavy ion and antiproton beams of unprecedented quality. Large experiments are presently being designed by the NUSTAR, PANDA, PAX, CBM, SPARC, FLAIR, HEDgeHOB and BIOMAT collaborations.

Rosner, Guenther

2007-05-01

76

International Schools Cyber Fair 2005  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

International Schools CyberFair is an international program used by schools and youth organizations to provide learning experiences that encourage youth "to connect the knowledge they learn in school to real world applications." Through the Web, youths can conduct research, publish their findings, connect with peers worldwide, and discuss global issues. Participants are eligible for an award within one of eight categories: local leaders, businesses, community organizations, historical landmarks, environment, music, art, and local specialties. The program is sponsored by the World Future Society, a nonprofit, nonpartisan association, although the website also boasts that the program is endorsed by the White House. The theme for the 2005 CyberFair is "Prepare and Unite!" and addresses conditions that will affect communities worldwide. Registration forms for the July 2005 fair are available online along with additional information on rules, suggested timelines, and previous winners. The Success Stories section provides some examples of the ways in which the program has benefited students.

77

Environmental Science: 49 Science Fair Projects. Science Fair Projects Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 49 science fair projects designed for 6th to 9th grade students. Projects are organized by the topics of soil, ecology (projects in habitat and life cycles), pests and controls (projects in weeds and insects), recycling (projects in resources and conservation), waste products (projects in decomposition), microscopic organisms,…

Bonnet, Robert L.; Keen, G. Daniel

78

WF2Q: Worst-Case Fair Weighted Fair Queueing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract The Generalized Processor Sharing (GPS) disci - pline is proven to have two desirable properties: (a) it can provide an end - to - end bounded - delay service to a session whose tra c is constrained by a leaky bucket; (b) it can ensure fair allocation of bandwidth among all backlogged sessions regardless of whether or not their

Jon C. R. Bennett; Hui Zhang

1996-01-01

79

Le contrôle de commutations dans une cellule bidirectionnelle bicommandable  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A Power electronics static converter modulate the energy flowing between two different source types. This induce constraints in converter topology which need to be taken into account to drive the switches specially during the changeover between two switches belonging to the same cell. If the control logic is well known when using current or voltage bidirectionnal switches, we propose a method which fits to bidrivable, current and voltage bidirectionnal switches. Petri net are usefull tools to describe the switches themselves. Aplied to the cell description they permit us to generate a component logic drive in respect with energy constraints. Un convertisseur statique réalise une fonction de modulation de l'énergie transitant entre deux sources de nature différente. La nécessaire continuité énergétique induit des contraintes dans la topologie du convertisseur qui se répercutent sur la commande des composants qui le constituent, notamment lors de la phase de commutation entre deux interrupteurs d'une même cellule. Si les principes de commande sont bien connus pour les interrupteurs bidirectionnels en courant ou en tension, nous proposons dans cet article une méthode s'appliquant aux interrupteurs bicommandables et bidirectionnels à la fois en courant et en tension. Les réseaux de Petri constituent d'abord un outil de description précis des interrupteurs. Appliqués ensuite à la description du fonctionnement d'une cellule de commutation, ils deviennent alors un outil de synthèse conduisant à l'élaboration d'une logique de commande respectant les contraintes énergétiques dans tous les cas de figure.

Guillaud, X.; Deleu, A.; Degobert, P.; Hautier, J. P.

1996-01-01

80

Family Nights, Fairs, and Competitions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource guide from the Middle School Portal 2 project, written specifically for teachers, provides links to exemplary resources including background information, lessons, career information, and related national science education standards. We think that math nights, fairs, and competitions can motivate students by answering not only cognitive needs but also social needs of the middle school student. This resource guide offers math content for family nights as well as investigations and activities for math fairs, including project ideas. For those students interested in testing their skills, we have included national math competitions created for middle school students.

Herrera, Terese A.

2010-01-01

81

Take the Science Fair Online!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The kids in today's classrooms spend lots of time playing video games, surfing the net, listening to iPods, and text messaging on cell phones. Known as Digital Kids and the Net Generation, they have grown up surrounded by digital media of all types (Tapscott 1999). Because they are already knowledgeable, why not use digital technologies to capture students' interest in science through an Online Science Fair? The interactive nature of the project engages students and brings a modern twist to the classic science fair experience.

Tubbs, James

2007-12-01

82

Print Media Representations of Science Fairs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science fairs are an almost unavoidable experience for students at some stage in public school. This paper examines how student projects and science fairs—and, by extension, professional science—are portrayed in newspaper media coverage of national and local science fairs. Despite a high student participation rate and a high number of science fairs (100+ regional fairs\\/year), media coverage is infrequent. Of

G. Michael Bowen; J. Lawrence Bencze

2009-01-01

83

University--Science Fair Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a partnership between a fifth-grade teacher and a university methods professor that involved developing an elementary science fair project mentored by university students. Provides opportunities for elementary students to conduct scientific investigations to learn about science, and opportunities for education majors to have firsthand…

Tallman, Erika; Taylor, Karen

1997-01-01

84

Ongoing Issues in Test Fairness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In the attempt to identify or prevent unfair tests, both quantitative analyses and logical evaluation are often used. For the most part, fairness evaluation is a pragmatic attempt at determining whether procedural or substantive due process has been accorded to either a group of test takers or an individual. In both the individual and comparative…

Camilli, Gregory

2013-01-01

85

A Kinder-Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A science fair might be the last thing you think of when planning a kindergarten science curriculum, but the authors found it to be the perfect avenue for teaching their students science-process skills. Here they share their steps in teaching science-process skills and assembling student projects in a kindergarten classroom throughout the year.…

Torres, Angelica; Vitti, Debbye

2007-01-01

86

University--Science Fair Partnership.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes a partnership between a fifth-grade teacher and a university methods professor that involved developing an elementary science fair project mentored by university students. Provides opportunities for elementary students to conduct scientific investigations to learn about science, and opportunities for education majors to have firsthand…

Tallman, Erika; Taylor, Karen

1997-01-01

87

Dissection & Science Fairs. [Information Packet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of pamphlets and articles reprinted from other National Anti-Vivisection Society (NAVS) publications was compiled to address the issues of classroom laboratory dissection and the use of animals in science fair projects. Three of the pamphlets contained in this packet are student handbooks designed to help students of elementary,…

National Anti-Vivisection Society, Chicago, IL.

88

Fairness Conceptualizations and Comparable Worth.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines wage-setting policies as different conceptualizations of fairness. Focuses on comparable worth as an alternative to existing wage-setting policies. Analyzes the contributions of social psychology research on distributive justice and procedural justice to understanding the determination of job worth and the dynamics of implementing…

Hegtvedt, Karen A.

1989-01-01

89

Science Fair Projects: The Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

90

An efficient fair payment system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many proposed payment systems allow the payer to remain anonymous during a transaction. However, this unconditional privacy protection could be misused by criminals, e.g. for blackmailing or money laundering. With a fair payment system, anonymous payments are still possible, but the anonymity can be removed with the help of a trusted party which need not be involved in the transaction

Jan Camenisch; Jean-Marc Piveteau; Markus Stadler

1996-01-01

91

Creating a Fair Classroom Environment  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Reduce your students' first day jitters by implementing these specific classroom management suggestions that are designed to reduce student anxiety and create a fair environment. These strategies will effectively help all students to participate and feel more at ease, and simultaneously help them to perceive you as a teacher who listens to their ideas and encourages thinking rather than as an unjust autocrat.

Hand, Richard

2004-09-01

92

Price Discrimination and Fairness Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyze the profitability of third degree price discrimination under consideration of consumers' fairness concerns within an experiment and explain the results within a theoretical framework. We find that with an increase in the price differential negative reciprocal reactions by disadvantaged consumers become stronger compared to positive reciprocal reactions by advantaged consumers. Consequently, the profit maximizing price differential lies below

Florian Englmaier; Linda Gratz; Markus Reisinger

2012-01-01

93

Negotiating a fair compensation package.  

PubMed

At the end of the day, compensation packages must be fair for both you and your employer. Employers should conduct an economic analysis to determine what they can afford to offer and calculate the economic return that they should rightfully receive. Understanding the employer's side of the equation is equally important in developing a win/win compensation package for yourself. PMID:16001883

Snyder, Thomas L

2005-01-01

94

Astrobiology Student Science Fair Projects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Extrasolar Planet Transit and The Light Curve of a Variable Star are some titles of high school student projects entered in the Hawaii State Science Fair. These students were mentored by teachers who participated in the UH Institute for Astronomy Toward Other Planetary Systems summer program under the direction of professor Karen J. Meech. After attending several 3-week TOPS NSF

M. Kadooka; K. J. Meech

2004-01-01

95

Science Fair Projects: The Environment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book approaches the development of science fair projects from the point of view that science should be enjoyable, interesting, and thought-provoking. The scientific concepts introduced here will later help young students to understand more advanced scientific principles. These projects develop skills such as classification, making measured…

Bonnet, Bob; Keen, Dan

96

Le e-commerce renforcé par les réseaux sociaux numériques : résultats d'une application expérimentale de la méthode Delphi  

Microsoft Academic Search

Le potentiel des réseaux sociaux numériques (RSN) reste à démontrer lorsqu'ils sont utilisés conjointement aux sites web marchands. Pour réussir à utiliser les RSN en vue de faire des profits, les organisations de toutes tailles qui pratiquent déjà le commerce électronique doivent acquérir une expertise sur les usages et la technicité nécessaires à la création d'un tandem \\

Jean-Eric Pelet; Sébastien Nouet

2011-01-01

97

Une d?mangeaison incurable  

PubMed Central

Résumé Question Dans de nombreuses communautés, on continue à voir survenir des infestations de poux de tête. Certains enfants ont besoin de multiples traitements avant que les poux soient éradiqués. Quels sont les traitements actuellement recommandés pour se débarrasser des poux de tête? Réponse Les infestations de poux de tête (Pediculus humanus capitis) sont fréquentes, surtout chez les enfants d’âge scolaire. Pour minimiser la résistance des poux, l’utilisation des insecticides et la stigmatisation sociale, on devrait limiter le diagnostic et le traitement à ceux qui ont des poux vivants sur le cuir chevelu. Les options de prise en charge prennent surtout la forme de thérapies topiques ou de l’enlèvement physique. Il y a peu d’études importantes qui comparent l’efficacité de ces traitements. Si on utilise des insecticides topiques, il faut répéter le traitement environ 7 jours après et si on a recours au peigne fin sur cheveux mouillés, il faut le faire aux 2 à 3 jours pendant 2 semaines. Les tendances dans la résistance des poux varient grandement selon la région et la résistance est maintenant la cause la plus fréquente de l’échec du traitement.

Smith, Christine H.; Goldman, Ran D.

2012-01-01

98

Fiches pratiques: Nouvelles histoires de modes; Pour se faire une tartine; Le Texte litteraire: "Decouverte" de Guy de Maupassant; Un Regiment dans un nuage (Practical Ideas: New Approaches to Grammatical Mood; How to Make Oneself Bread and Jam; The Literary Text: "Discovered" by Guy de Maupassant; A Regiment in a Cloud).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Four activities are offered for French second-language classroom use: an exercise to aid comprehension of indicative and subjunctive mood; a lesson in making bread and jam, designed for young children; a study of narration within a novel, using a Guy de Maupassant story; and an exercise in discourse analysis. (MSE)

Saraceni, Luisa; And Others

1993-01-01

99

Fiches pratiques: Nouvelles histoires de modes; Pour se faire une tartine; Le Texte litteraire: "Decouverte" de Guy de Maupassant; Un Regiment dans un nuage (Practical Ideas: New Approaches to Grammatical Mood; How to Make Oneself Bread and Jam; The Literary Text: "Discovered" by Guy de Maupassant; A Regiment in a Cloud).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Four activities are offered for French second-language classroom use: an exercise to aid comprehension of indicative and subjunctive mood; a lesson in making bread and jam, designed for young children; a study of narration within a novel, using a Guy de Maupassant story; and an exercise in discourse analysis. (MSE)|

Saraceni, Luisa; And Others

1993-01-01

100

75 FR 4100 - Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...FR-5376-N-01] Affirmative Fair Housing, Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Multifamily Housing, Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-Single Family Housing and Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan-...

2010-01-26

101

Equality, fairness, and social conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

There are three generic problems that arise in the use of the concept of equality as a principle of fairness. These problems\\u000a concern (i) determining when equality is appropriate as opposed to some other principle, (ii) deciding how equality is to\\u000a be operationalized, and (iii) determining how to implement equality. The proposal is made that these intrapersonal decision\\u000a conflicts are

David M. Messick

1995-01-01

102

Fair Exchange with Guardian Angels  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper we propose a new probabilistic Fair Exchange Protocol which requires no central Trusted Third Party. Instead,\\u000a it relies on a virtually distributed and decentralized Trusted Third Party which is formalized as a Guardian Angel: a kind\\u000a of Observer e.g. a tamper proof security device. We thus introduce a network model with Pirates and Guardian Angels which\\u000a is

Gildas Avoine; Serge Vaudenay

103

The FairRoot framework  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The FairRoot framework is an object oriented simulation, reconstruction and data analysis framework based on ROOT. It includes core services for detector simulation and offline analysis. The framework delivers base classes which enable the users to easily construct their experimental setup in a fast and convenient way. By using the Virtual Monte Carlo concept it is possible to perform the simulations using either Geant3 or Geant4 without changing the user code or the geometry description. Using and extending the task mechanism of ROOT it is possible to implement complex analysis tasks in a convenient way. Moreover, using the FairCuda interface of the framework it is possible to run some of these tasks also on GPU. Data IO, as well as parameter handling and data base connections are also handled by the framework. Since some of the experiments will not have an experimental setup with a conventional trigger system, the framework can handle also free flowing input streams of detector data. For this mode of operation the framework provides classes to create the needed time sorted input streams of detector data out of the event based simulation data. There are also tools to do radiation studies and to visualize the simulated data. A CMake-CDash based building and monitoring system is also part of the FairRoot services which helps to build and test the framework on many different platforms in an automatic way, including also Continuous Integration.

Al-Turany, M.; Bertini, D.; Karabowicz, R.; Kresan, D.; Malzacher, P.; Stockmanns, T.; Uhlig, F.

2012-12-01

104

Epargne de precaution et chomage : une evaluation quantitative de l'auto-assurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

L'ambition de ce travail est d'evaluer quantitativement la capacite de l'epargne de precaution a s'assurer contre le risque de chomage dans le cadre d'une economie caracterisee par des risques idiosyncratiques se traduisa nt par une heterogeneite sur le marche du travail. Il apparaît que l'epargne de precaution permet de reduire considerablement le cout des fluctuations associees au risque de chomage.

Y. Algan; J.-O. Hairault

2000-01-01

105

7 CFR 51.608 - Fairly compact.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.608 Fairly compact. Fairly compact means that the...

2013-01-01

106

7 CFR 51.1581 - Fairly clean.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1581 Fairly clean. Fairly clean means that from the...

2013-01-01

107

7 CFR 51.1910 - Fairly smooth.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1910 Fairly smooth. Fairly smooth means that the...

2013-01-01

108

What Is Not Fair with Investigations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Defines six types of investigations: (1) classifying and identifying; (2) fair testing; (3) pattern seeking; (4) exploring; (5) investigating models; and (6) making things or developing systems. Challenges the dominance of fair testing in school science investigations. (Author/WRM)|

Watson, Rod; Goldsworthy, Anne; Wood-Robinson, Valerie

1999-01-01

109

Fairness of Selection Tests: A Critical Analysis.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report defines three incompatible ethical positions in regard to fair and unbiased use of psychological tests for selection in majority and minority groups, and reviews five statistical definitions of 'test fairness.' It relates the ethical positions ...

J. E. Hunter F. L. Schmidt

1976-01-01

110

Identity, Representation and Community in Lilith Fair  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lilith Fair: A Celebration of Women in Music was the first all female music festival to tour North America. Its founder, Canadian singer\\/songwriter Sarah McLachlan, hoped that Lilith Fair would demonstrate the \\

Jennifer Taylor

2005-01-01

111

Evisc?ration transanale de l'intestin gr?le chez l'enfant secondaire ? une contusion de l'abdomen: ? propos d'un cas  

PubMed Central

L’éviscération transanale de l'intestin grêle au cours d'un traumatisme fermé de l'abdomen est une situation exceptionnelle. Nous rapportons le cas d'une fille de 7 ans, reçue pour un état de choc hémorragique avec une éviscération transanale de l'intestin grêle suite à une contusion de l'abdomen. Ce tableau clinique est survenu au décours d'un accident de la circulation. La laparotomie exploratrice permettait de découvrir une plaie longitudinale de la face antérieure du rectum, située au dessus de la réflexion péritonéale, à travers laquelle passaient les anses grêles. Une suture de la plaie rectale associée à une iléostomie double après résection du grêle éviscéré et un à drainage du cul-de-sac de Douglas ont été réalisés. L'enfant est décédé en postopératoire précoce. A travers cette observation, les auteurs se proposent de revoir les cas précédemment décrits et de discuter les options thérapeutiques.

Ba, Papa Abdoulaye; Soumah, Sekou Amadou; Diop, Balla; Traore, Mamadou Mour; Mahdi, Charfi; Mbaye, Elhadji Malick; Fall, Babacar

2011-01-01

112

Procedural Fairness, Blame Attributions, and Presidential Leadership  

Microsoft Academic Search

The removal of the President of the United States from office is a rare and significant event. This study investigated the influence of procedural fairness and blame attributions on punishment and support attitudes during the 1998 impeachment of President Clinton. This study assessed the influence of the procedural fairness of Clinton's behavior, procedural fairness of the Kenneth Starr\\/Congress investigation, satisfaction

Trace S. Kershaw; Sheldon Alexander

2003-01-01

113

Proportional Fair Multiuser Scheduling in LTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The challenge of scheduling user transmissions on the downlink of a long term evolution (LTE) cellular communication system is addressed. A maximum rate algorithm which does not consider fairness among users was proposed in . Here, a multiuser scheduler with proportional fairness (PF) is proposed. Numerical results show that the proposed PF scheduler provides a superior fairness performance with a

Raymond Kwan; Cyril Leung; Jie Zhang

2009-01-01

114

Fair Trial: The History of an Idea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The right to a fair trial is a basic human right and essential for the prevention of the abuse of all other human rights. This is a history of the meaning and use of fair trial based on examples of use from over 100,000 trials and appeal cases heard between the years 1674–2005. For several hundred years fair trial meant

Ian Langford

2009-01-01

115

Inside the Science Fair: The Judge's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science fair judges provide secrets to a successful science fair. Whether students are competing in science fairs at the high school, local, district, regional, state, or international level, their success is dependent on the judges' interpretation of their work. In this article, the authors present a series of questions and answers from past…

Rillero, Peter; Zambo, Ron

2011-01-01

116

Fairness in Routing and Load Balancing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider the issue of network routing subject to explicit fairness conditions. The optimization of fairness criteria interacts in a complex fashion with the optimization of network utilization and throughput; in this work, we undertake an investigation of this relationship through the framework of approximation algorithms. In a range of settings including both high-speed networks and Internet applications, max-min fairness

Jon M. Kleinberg; Yuval Rabani; Éva Tardos

1999-01-01

117

Test Fairness and Toulmin's Argument Structure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper presents the author's response to Xiaoming Xi's article titled "How do we go about investigating test fairness?" In this response, the author focuses on test fairness and Toulmin's model of argument structure, Xi's proposal, and the challenges the proposal brings. Xi proposes an approach to investigating test fairness to guide…

Kunnan, Antony John

2010-01-01

118

The case for fair budgetary procedures  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – To summarize the findings of empirical studies the authors have conducted regarding budgetary procedures fairness and to discuss key implications of these findings. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Summary and synthesis of the authors' empirical research. Findings – Identifies criteria for, and types of attitudinal and behavioral reactions that managers have toward, formal budgetary procedures fairness and budgetary procedures implementation fairness.

Nace R. Magner; Gary G. Johnson; Harold T. Little; A. Blair Staley; Robert B. Welker

2006-01-01

119

Playing Fair: An Essential Element in Contracting  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Playing fair has a value with which people are all familiar. From the sandboxes of childhood and the competitive sports of youth to the business transactions of adulthood, people have been told how important it is to play fair. Playing fair in contracting is not only essential, it's the legal and ethical thing to do. In this article, the author…

Peeler, Tom

2012-01-01

120

Fairness and Using Reflective Journals in Assessment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study looks at the fairness of assessing learning journals both as the fairness in creating a valid and robust marking process as well as how different student groups may have unfair disadvantages in performing well in reflective assessment tasks. The fairness of a marking process is discussed through reflecting on the practical process and…

Clarkeburn, Henriikka; Kettula, Kirsi

2012-01-01

121

Une nouvelle voie pour la conception des implants intervertébraux  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

L'objectif de notre travail est la conception d'une nouvelle génération d'implants intersomatiques qui s'adapte parfaitement à la géométrie des plateaux vertébraux en se déformant. Pour cela, nous avons utilisé une nouvelle démarche qui consiste à simuler entièrement le procédé de fabrication en l'occurrence l'emboutissage, Cette simulation, en concervant l'historique des sollicitations exercées sur le matériau lors de sa mise en œuvre permet de valider très précisément sa résistance mécanique en fin de cycle. Au cours de cette étude, nous avons mené en parallèle deux analyses dites “ coopératives ” : l'une fondée sur un modèle phénoménologique de type HILL et l'autre sur un modèle multi-échelles prenant en compte des phénomènes plus physiques afin d'acquérir une bonne connaissance du comportement du matériau lors de la déformation. C'est pour sa bonne résistance, sa biocompatibilité et ses propriétés radiologiques que nous avons choisi le T40 (titane pur) comme matériau.

Gradel, T.; Tabourot, L.; Arrieux, R.; Balland, P.

2002-12-01

122

Fairness and dynamic pricing: comments  

SciTech Connect

In ''The Ethics of Dynamic Pricing,'' Ahmad Faruqui lays out a case for improved efficiency in using dynamic prices for retail electricity tariffs and addresses various issues about the distributional effects of alternative pricing mechanisms. The principal contrast is between flat or nearly constant energy prices and time-varying prices that reflect more closely the marginal costs of energy and capacity. The related issues of fairness criteria, contracts, risk allocation, cost allocation, means testing, real-time pricing, and ethical policies of electricity market design also must be considered. (author)

Hogan, William W.

2010-07-15

123

Nuclear isoscaling and fair sampling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The isoscaling phenomenon was first observed in nuclear multifragmentation experiments and has become a hot topic as it could provide a probe of the nuclear equation of state to understand nuclear matter at extreme condition of isospin such as in neutron stars. The present work studies isoscaling using 1) classical molecular dynamics simulations, 2) percolation and 3) probabilistic arguments, and determines that isoscaling is a general phenomenon that can exist independent of the nuclear reaction, and it is expected to occur in disassemblying systems with no more than fair sampling. In collaboration with Alan Davila, University of Texas at Austin; Claudio Dorso, Universidad de Buenos Aires; Carlos Hernandez, Universidad de Colima; Christian Escudero, University of Texas at El Paso; and Jorge Muñoz, CalTech.

Lopez, Jorge

2008-10-01

124

Fair Trade and the Depersonalization of Ethics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair Trade has changed considerably since its early days. In this article, we argue that these changes have led to a depersonalization\\u000a of ethics, thus raising serious questions about the future of Fair Trade. In particular, the depersonalization of ethics which\\u000a is seen to accompany the current changes has led to greater variety in the interpretations of Fair Trade. Hiding

Jérôme Ballet; Aurélie Carimentrand

2010-01-01

125

Understanding TCP fairness over Wireless LAN  

Microsoft Academic Search

As local area wireless networks based on the IEEE 802.11 standard see increasing public deployment, it is important to ensure that access to the network by different users remains fair. While fairness issues in 802.11 networks have been studied before, this paper is the first to focus on TCP fairness in 802.11 networks in the presence of both mobile senders

Saar Pilosof; Ramachandran Ramjee; Danny Raz; Yuval Shavitt; Prasun Sinha

2003-01-01

126

New York World's Fair 1964-1965  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Bill Young has created a fascinating and well-thought out tribute to the New York World's Fair of 1964-1965, whose theme was "Peace Through Understanding." Easily navigated, the site features a navigation tutorial, which may be helpful, as there is a substantial amount of material contained here. Visitors to the site can search for different information about the Fair by clicking one of the maps of the fairgrounds, or by going to an alphabetical list of the pavilions at the Fair. Within the People, Places, Things section of the site, visitors can read the reminisces of Greg Dawson, the public relations director for the fair and about Mr. Young's own encounter with the legendary Robert Moses, who was the director of the World's Fair. The Stories section features essays and commentaries by visitors to the Web site on the Fair. From the main site, visitors can also send virtual postcards of the Fair, along with shopping for a number of items related to the Fair's history and development. For anyone with an interest in the history of World's Fairs, or American cultural history more generally, this site is quite essential.

2000-01-01

127

Fair play in energy policy decisions: Procedural fairness, outcome fairness and acceptance of the decision to rebuild nuclear power plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

To raise public acceptance of new energy policies, promoting the fairness of the outcomes and of the decision-making procedure has been suggested. Very few studies have examined the role of fairness in public acceptance of rebuilding nuclear power plants. Therefore, using a large mail survey, we investigated the public’s acceptance of the decision to rebuild nuclear power plants in Switzerland

Vivianne H. M. Visschers; Michael Siegrist

2012-01-01

128

NEW IDEAS FOR SCIENCE FAIR PROJECTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS GUIDE FOR THE SCIENCE FAIR PARTICIPANTS BEGINS WITH A CHAPTER ON THE NATURE OF SCIENCE, AND THE SCIENCE FAIR, AND CONTINUES THROUGH THE FIVE CHAPTERS OF PART ONE, PLANNING AND EXECUTING YOUR PROJECT, TO EXPLAIN THE DETAILS INVOLVED IN SELECTING, DEVELOPING, AND EXHIBITING A PROJECT. PART II OF THE VOLUME CONSIDERS THE STRUCTURE OF SCIENCE…

FARMER, ROBERT A.; SAWYER, ROGER WILLIAMS

129

Science Fair Project Index 1973-1980.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1973 through 1980. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

Akron - Summit County Public Library, OH.

130

Science Fair Scene: Turning Ideas into Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlines the steps necessary to conduct a science fair project and examines two specific examples of how a basic idea for a science fair topic can be followed to its completion. Provides examples of day-to-day operational science in a basic botany project and a lunar geography project. (JJK)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

131

Elementary school teachers and successful science fairs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to examine the knowledge, skills and attitudes of elementary school teachers who have led their students to successful experiences in science fairs. Six research questions guided the study: (1) What knowledge, skills and attitudes do the five selected elementary school teachers draw upon to enable their students to have a successful science fair experience?

Helen Mounce Cook

2003-01-01

132

Science Fair Project Index 1981-1984.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This second supplement to the "Science Fair Project Index 1960-1972" indexes science projects and experiments found in books and magazines published from 1981 through 1984. This index is intended for use by students in grade five through high school and by teachers who are involved in creating science fair projects. Emphasis is on actual projects,…

Bishop, Cynthia, Ed.; Crowe, Deborah, Ed.

133

How To Host a Library Technology Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how the Northwestern State University library organized a successful technology fair that focused on the library and campus technology. Discusses reasons for organizing the fair, including the introduction of new workstations; academic department participation; vendor participation; marketing strategies and communication; and student…

Gaudin, Charles

2000-01-01

134

Making sense of fairness in sports.  

PubMed

Cheating evolves constantly. Dozens of athletes were barred from the Winter Olympics for taking banned substances. Gene doping is on the horizon. Questions have arisen about which athletes count as "female." What does it take to keep sports fair? And what does fairness require? PMID:20394123

Murray, Thomas H

135

Botany: High-School Science Fair Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book for high school students presents 20 different science fair projects that provide an opportunity to learn how plants are affected by natural and man-made influences on their environments. Many experiments in the book were adapted from original International Science and Engineering Fair projects. Each project includes in-depth background…

Dashefsky, H. Steven

136

A Standards-Based Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In standards-based science fairs, children learn more about what they are interested in. They deepen understandings of how science works and improve inquiry skills--including the ability to communicate and share research results. Parents learn more about science inquiry and their child's science abilities. The standards-based science fair builds…

Rillero, Peter

2011-01-01

137

Software Development Infrastructure for the FAIR Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The proposed project FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research) is an international accelerator facility of the next generation. It builds on top of the experience and technological developments already made at the existing GSI facility, and incorporate new technological concepts. The four scientific pillars of FAIR are NUSTAR (nuclear structure and astrophysics), PANDA (QCD studies with cooled beams of

F Uhlig; M Al-Turany; D Bertini; R Karabowicz

2011-01-01

138

Fair Shares, Matey, or Walk the Plank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Whether sharing a collection of toys among friends or a pie for dessert, children as young as kindergarten age are keen on making sure that everyone gets their "fair share." In the classroom, fair-sharing activities call for creating equal-size groups from a collection of objects or creating equal-size parts of a whole and are generally used by…

Wilson, P. Holt; Myers, Marrielle; Edgington, Cyndi; Confrey, Jere

2012-01-01

139

On Guarded Commands with Fair Choice  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a For the purpose of program development, fairness is typically formalized by verification rules or, alternatively, through\\u000a refinement rules. In this paper we give an account of (weak) fairness in an algebraic style, extending recently proposed algebraic\\u000a accounts of iterations and loops using the predicate transformer model of statements.

Emil Sekerinski

2000-01-01

140

Asynchronous Protocols for Optimistic Fair Exchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

The optimistic approach of involving a third party only in the case of exceptions is a useful technique to build secure, yet practical fair exchange protocols. Previous solutions using this approach implicitly assumed that players had reliable communication channels to the third party. In this paper, we present a set of optimistic fair exchange protocols which tolerate temporary failures in

N. Asokan; Victor Shoup; Michael Waidner

1998-01-01

141

Editor's Note: Science Fairs and Beyond  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The rigid nature of most science fairs can cause panic among parents, students, and teachers alike over "doing it the right way." In this issue, we present alternative views of a standard science fair. These views represent the process of science as more dynamic and varied than the traditional view of how science is done.

2007-12-01

142

Editor's Note: Science Fairs and Beyond  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The rigid nature of most science fairs can cause panic among parents, students, and teachers alike over "doing it the right way." In this issue, we present alternative views of a standard science fair. These views represent the process of science as more

Ohana, Chris

2007-12-01

143

Fair Shares, Matey, or Walk the Plank  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Whether sharing a collection of toys among friends or a pie for dessert, children as young as kindergarten age are keen on making sure that everyone gets their "fair share." In the classroom, fair-sharing activities call for creating equal-size groups from a collection of objects or creating equal-size parts of a whole and are generally used by…

Wilson, P. Holt; Myers, Marrielle; Edgington, Cyndi; Confrey, Jere

2012-01-01

144

What Do We Mean by FAIR?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|"Fair" is a word people are hearing a lot at the moment if they listen to political discussion. There is much debate about how it means different things to politicians of different hues and can be used to justify seemly contradictory courses of action. In science, "fair" is also a word that is used by children and teachers in different ways.…

Lawrence, Liz

2011-01-01

145

Conference structures and fair allocation rules  

Microsoft Academic Search

To describe how the outcome of a cooperative game might depend on which groups of players hold cooperative planning conferences, we study allocation rules, which are functions mapping conference structures to payoff allocations. An allocation rule is fair if every conference always gives equal benefits to all its members. Any characteristic function game without sidepayments has a unique fair allocation

R. B. Myerson

1980-01-01

146

Strategic options in fair trade retailing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notes that there has been a significant increase in the market for fair trade products in the UK over the past five years. Provides a definition of fair trade and goes on to set a context for the expansion of this market by examining the key drivers behind it, particularly noting the growth of ethical consumerism as a contributory factor.

Alexander James Nicholls

2002-01-01

147

Botany: High-School Science Fair Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book for high school students presents 20 different science fair projects that provide an opportunity to learn how plants are affected by natural and man-made influences on their environments. Many experiments in the book were adapted from original International Science and Engineering Fair projects. Each project includes in-depth background…

Dashefsky, H. Steven

148

Fair Trade: A Cup at a Time?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair Trade coffee campaigns have improved the lives of small-scale coffee farmers and their families by raising wages, creating direct trade links to farming coopera- tives, and providing access to affordable credit and technological assistance. Con- sumer demand for Fair Trade certified coffee is at an all-time high, yet cooperatives that produce it are only able to sell about half

MARGARET LEVI; APRIL LINTON

2003-01-01

149

How To Host a Library Technology Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Describes how the Northwestern State University library organized a successful technology fair that focused on the library and campus technology. Discusses reasons for organizing the fair, including the introduction of new workstations; academic department participation; vendor participation; marketing strategies and communication; and student…

Gaudin, Charles

2000-01-01

150

Fairness and Aggregation: A Primal Decomposition Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examine the fair allocation of capacity to a large popu- lation of best-efiort connections in a typical multiple access communica- tion system supporting some bandwidth on demand processes. Because of stringent limitations on the signalling overhead and time available to transmit and process information, it is not possible to solve the allocation globally to obtain the optimally fair allocation

André Girard; Catherine Rosenberg; Mohammed Khemiri

2000-01-01

151

Family WorkWomen's Sense of Fairness  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this article is to use a distributive justice approach to understand women's sense of fairness about family work. Previous research on family work is reviewed and organized around three factors that contribute to sense of fairness: Outcome values, comparison referents, and justifications. Women sense an injustice if they lack some outcome they desire, have a high standard

LINDA THOMPSON

1991-01-01

152

The Quest for Fairness in Language Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The search for fairness in language testing is distinct from other areas of educational measurement as the object of measurement, that is, language, is part of the identity of the test takers. So, a host of issues enter the scene when one starts to reflect on how to assess people's language abilities. As the quest for fairness in language testing…

Karami, Hossein

2013-01-01

153

Substitutes for Procedural Fairness: Prototypical Leaders Are Endorsed Whether They Are Fair or Not  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article extends research on leader procedural fairness as well as the social identity model of leadership effectiveness (SIMOL) by demonstrating that leader prototypicality can act as a substitute for procedural fairness. Although procedural fairness in general and voice in particular have been found to have a robust positive influence on leader endorsement, the authors showed in an experimental scenario

Johannes Ullrich; Oliver Christ; Rolf van Dick

2009-01-01

154

Une méthode d'analyse de l'investissement communal. Communes de plus de 10.000 habitants  

Microsoft Academic Search

La décentralisation et le contexte de crise économique élargissent le champ d'intervention des communes tout en limitant leurs ressources. La planification communale devient donc une nécessité et demande de nouveaux moyens d'analyse et d'aide à la décision. Dans ce cadre il importe de connaître l'évolution antérieure de l'investissement communal, tant il est vrai que les choix futurs ne peuvent faire

Dominique Mignot

1987-01-01

155

Fair share on high performance computing systems : what does fair really mean?  

SciTech Connect

We report on a performance evaluation of a Fair Share system at the ASCI Blue Mountain supercomputer cluster. We study the impacts of share allocation under Fair Share on wait times and expansion factor. We also measure the Service Ratio, a typical figure of merit for Fair Share systems, with respect to a number of job parameters. We conclude that Fair Share does little to alter important performance metrics such as expansion factor. This leads to the question of what Fair Share means on cluster machines. The essential difference between Fair Share on a uni-processor and a cluster is that the workload on a cluster is not fungible in space or time. We find that cluster machines must be highly utilized and support checkpointing in order for Fair Share to function more closely to the spirit in which it was originally developed.

Clearwater, Scott Harvey (Woodside, CA); Kleban, Stephen David

2003-03-01

156

Obsessions with Fair Skin: Color Discourses in Indian Advertising  

Microsoft Academic Search

In India, the idea of beauty is often associated with fairness. Fairness creams abound in the market, and advertisements glorify fair skin. An analysis of television advertisements of fairness products shows how they connect fairness with achieving other personal goals, such as marriage, success, empowerment, job opportunities, and confidence. Focus-group interviews with Indian women reveal that most agree that an

Kavita Karan

2008-01-01

157

Alphabetisation conscientisante comme base d'une education permanente  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

D'après la pratique et les enseignements vécus, nous pensons qu'une alphabétisation fonctionnelle et conscientisante est susceptible de constituer la base d'une éducation permanente (life long education), à condition que: Une philosophie et une anthropologie de la libération de l'homme soient le fondement de 1'alphabétisation;

Ndimurukundo, Nicephore

1994-05-01

158

Science Fairs: A Primer for Parents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines for parents whose children may be involved in preparing a science fair project are outlined and discussed. Suggests that this article (or a teacher prepared letter) be sent home with students when they are assigned a science project. (JN)

Hamrick, Linda; Harty, Harold

1983-01-01

159

Fair Labor Standards Act: Selected Enforcement Activities.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Department of Labor administers the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), enacted in 1938 and amended several times, for workers of firms engaged in interstate and foreign commerce. The act sets standards for minimum wage and overtime pay and requirements ...

1987-01-01

160

2004 Federal Activities Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act  

NSF Publications Database

... Johnson III Deputy Director for Management Office of Management and Budget Executive Office of the ... Inventory Reform (FAIR) Act (P.L. 105-270), the FY 2004 Commercial Activities Inventory for the ...

161

Cancer du col et VIH en afrique: une revue de la littérature  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé\\u000a Objectifs  Déterminer la prévalence du cancer du col chez les femmes séropositives au virus de l’immunodéficience humaine (VIH), décrire\\u000a les déterminants de l’association VIH et cancer du col et faire des recommandations par rapport au dépistage et à la prise\\u000a en charge du cancer du col chez ces patientes.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Méthodologie  Nous avons procédé à une revue non systématique de la littérature

S. Ouattara; D. A. Some; M. Bambara; B. Dao

2009-01-01

162

The Sunny Side of Fairness Preference for Fairness Activates Reward Circuitry (and Disregarding Unfairness Activates Self-Control Circuitry)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little is known about the positive emotional impact of fairness or the process of resolving conflict be- tween fairness and financial interests. In past research, fairness has covaried with monetary payoff, such that the mental processes underlying preference for fairness and thoseunderlyingpreferenceforgreatermonetaryoutcome couldnotbedistinguished.Weexaminedself-reportedhap- piness and neural responses to fair and unfair offers while controlling for monetary payoff. Compared with unfair

Golnaz Tabibnia; Ajay B. Satpute; Matthew D. Lieberman

163

Incorporating Fairness into Game Theory and Economics  

Microsoft Academic Search

People like to help those who are helping them and to hurt those who are hurting them. Outcomes rejecting such motivations are called fairness equilibria. Outcomes are mutual-max when each person maximizes the other's material payoffs, and mutual-min when each person minimizes the other's payoffs. It is shown that every mutual-max or mutual-min Nash equilibrium is a fairness equilibrium. If

Matthew Rabin

1993-01-01

164

Weighted fair bandwidth sharing using SCALE technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently there is not enough work on the Internet weighted fair bandwidth sharing without per-flow management, especially when both UDP and TCP flows of different RTTs and d ifferent bandwidth targets coexist. This paper contains two contributions: 1) A mechanism called SCALE-WFS, Scalable Core with Aggregation Level l abEling - Weighted Fair bandwidth-Sharing, is presented to achieve near-optimal Max-Min weighted

Haifeng Zhu; Aimin Sang; San-qi Li

2001-01-01

165

It's so hard to be fair.  

PubMed

When employees believe they are being treated fairly-when they feel heard, when they understand how and why important decisions are made, and when they believe they are respected-their companies will benefit. Research shows that practicing process fairness reduces legal costs from wrongful-termination suits, lowers employee turnover, helps generate support for new strategic initiatives, and fosters a culture that promotes innovation. What's more, it costs little financially to implement Yet few companies practice it consistently. Joel Brockner examines this paradox, exploring psychological and other reasons that cause managers to resist embracing process fairness. The fact that it's relatively inexpensive to implement, for instance, may be why some numbers-oriented executives undervalue it. Many managers believe that they practice process fairness, but 360-degree feedback tells another story. Some corporate policies actually undermine it--such as when the legal department won't let managers fully explain decisions for fear that disclosure could expose the firm to lawsuits. And, frequently, managers simply follow the all-too-human tendency to avoid uncomfortable situations. But the good news is that organizations can take concrete steps to promote greater process fairness. Many studies have shown that training programs make a big difference, and the author describes the most effective format. In addition, warning your managers that they may experience negative emotions when practicing fair process will help prepare them to cope with those feelings. Finally, role modeling fair process on the executive level will help spread the practice throughout the organization. The fact is, process fairness is the responsibility of all executives, at all levels and in all functions; it cannot be delegated to HR. The sooner managers realize that and work to make it a company norm, the better off the organization will be. PMID:16515160

Brockner, Joel

2006-03-01

166

Against Fairness: In Favor of Favoritism  

Microsoft Academic Search

From the school yard to the workplace, there’s no charge more damning than “You’re being unfair!” Born out of democracy and raised in open markets, fairness has become our de facto modern creed. The very symbol of American ethics—Lady Justice—wears a blindfold as she weighs the law on her impartial scale. In our zealous pursuit of fairness, we have banished

Stephen T Asma

2012-01-01

167

Fair Scheduling for Input-Queued Switches  

Microsoft Academic Search

Input-queued switch architecture has become attractive for implementing high performance routers because the switching fabric and the buffer need not run at a multiple of input link's rate. It is challenging to provide a scheduling technique that is both highly efficient and fair in resource allocation. We propose an iterative cell-based fair scheduling (iCFS) scheme, based on SLIP that support

C. Roidel; N. Razavi; M. Analoui

2006-01-01

168

Construction d'une échelle d'attachement au lieu de travail : une démarche exploratoire  

Microsoft Academic Search

Notre article présente les résultats d'une série de cinq études visant la construction et la validation d'une échelle d'attachement au lieu de travail (ÉALT). S'appuyant sur la Théorie de l'attachement au lieu (Place attachment) définie par Shumaker et Taylor (1983) et concevant l'attachement au lieu de travail comme un lien affectif résultant de l'interaction dynamique entre une personne et son

Liliane Rioux

2006-01-01

169

24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. 200.625 Section 200...625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation...indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with the...

2010-04-01

170

24 CFR 200.625 - Affirmative fair housing marketing plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. 200.625 Section 200...625 Affirmative fair housing marketing plan. Each applicant for participation...indicating his affirmative fair housing marketing plan to comply with the...

2009-04-01

171

Mainstreaming Fair Trade Through Corporate Participation In The Fair Trade Market  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demand for and availability of Fair Trade products in the United States has increased dramatically since Fair Trade certification began in the U.S. through TransFair USA in 1998. The movement that began as a niche market driven by activists and frequently misunderstood as a charity, has become recognized by business leaders as a viable economic model and consumer-driven. What

Sara Stender

2007-01-01

172

Soins primaires aux adultes ayant une d?ficience d?veloppementale  

PubMed Central

Résumé Objectif Mettre à jour les lignes directrices canadiennes de 2006 sur les soins primaires aux adultes ayant une déficience développementale (DD) et présenter des recommandations pratiques fondées sur les connaissances actuelles pour traiter des problèmes de santé particuliers chez des adultes ayant une DD. Qualité des preuves Des professionnels de la santé expérimentés participant à un colloque et un groupe de travail subséquent ont discuté et convenu des révisions aux lignes directrices de 2006 en se fondant sur une recherche documentaire exhaustive, la rétroaction obtenue des utilisateurs du guide de pratique et les expériences cliniques personnelles. La plupart des preuves disponibles dans ce domaine viennent de l’opinion d’experts ou de déclarations consensuelles publiées (niveau III). Message principal Les adultes ayant une DD ont des problèmes de santé complexes, dont plusieurs diffèrent de ceux de la population en général. De bons soins primaires permettent d’identifier les problèmes de santé particuliers dont souffrent les adultes ayant une DD pour améliorer leur qualité de vie et leur accès aux soins de santé et prévenir la morbidité et le décès prématuré. Ces lignes directrices résument les problèmes de santé générale, physique, comportementale et mentale des adultes ayant une DD que devraient connaître les professionnels des soins primaires et présentent des recommandations pour le dépistage et la prise en charge en se basant sur les connaissances actuelles que les cliniciens peuvent mettre en pratique. En raison de l’interaction des facteurs biologiques, psychoaffectifs et sociaux qui contribuent à la santé et au bien-être des adultes ayant une DD, ces lignes directrices insistent sur la participation des aidants, l’adaptation des interventions, au besoin, et la consultation auprès de divers professionnels de la santé quand ils sont accessibles. Elles mettent aussi en évidence la nature éthique des soins. Les lignes directrices sont formulées dans le contexte d’un cadre éthique qui tient compte des questions comme le consentement éclairé et l’évaluation des bienfaits pour la santé par rapport aux risques de préjudice. Conclusion La mise en œuvre des lignes directrices proposées ici améliorerait la santé des adultes ayant une DD et minimiserait les disparités sur les plans de la santé et des soins de santé entre les adultes ayant une DD et la population en général.

Sullivan, William F.; Berg, Joseph M.; Bradley, Elspeth; Cheetham, Tom; Denton, Richard; Heng, John; Hennen, Brian; Joyce, David; Kelly, Maureen; Korossy, Marika; Lunsky, Yona; McMillan, Shirley

2011-01-01

173

Panaches chargés résultant de l'injection d'ions dans un liquide isolant par une lame ou une pointe placée en face d'un plan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When applying a high enough potential difference to a blade or a point opposite a plane in an insulating liquid, an injection of ions is produced in that liquid. The Coulomb force due to the action of the electric field on the space charge, plays a role analogous to buoyancy in thermal convection. It induces a convection which takes the form of a charged plume going from blade to plane. Following what has been done in the thermal case, simple models in geometries with planar or axial symmetry are presented which give the width and the characteristic velocity of these plumes in both laminar and turbulent cases. We report also on a preliminary flow visualization in blade-plane geometry using Schlieren observation technique. This experiment suggests the plume is laminar. Une lame (ou une pointe) acérée placée dans un liquide isolant en face d'un plan produit, lorsqu'on applique une différence de potentiel suffisante, une injection d'ions dans ce liquide. La force électrique de Coulomb résultant de l'action du champ électrique sur la charge d'espace ainsi créée joue un rôle analogue à la poussée d'Archimède en convection thermique et produit une convection sous la forme d'un panache chargé se dirigeant de la lame vers le plan. Des modélisations simples, calquées sur le cas thermique, en géométrie bidimensionnelle (lame-plan) et à symétrie de révolution (pointe-plan) permettent d'obtenir largeur et vitesse caractéristique de ces panaches dans le cas turbulent ainsi que dans le cas laminaire. On a effectué une expérience préliminaire en géométrie lame-plan et on discute des observations faites par strioscopie. Celles-ci suggèrent que l'on est en présence d'un panache laminaire.

Malraison, B.; Atten, P.; Perez, A. T.

1994-01-01

174

Variabilite temporelle des naines T et construction d'une camera infrarouge a grand champ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Le travail de thèse décrit ici se divise en deux sections distinctes: la première porte sur une étude de la variabilité temporelle des naines T et la seconde sur la construction et les performances de la Caméra PAnoramique Proche InfraRouge (CPAPIR). Les naines brunes sont des objets qui se forment comme les étoiles, lors de l'effondrement gravitationnel d'un nuage de

Etienne Artigau

2006-01-01

175

Formation et Evolution des Structures dans le Milieu interstellaire. Une Approche théorique, numérique et observationnelle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Le milieu interstellaire, au sein duquel se forme les étoiles,présente d'importants contrastes de densités. Ces structures se forment sous l'action couplée de processus magnétohydrodynamiques, thermiques et chimiques. La première partie de cette thèse est un travail théorique et numérique sur la condensation induite dynamiquement de gaz chaud et diffus en une phase froide et condensée. Nous montrons, tout d'aborddans le

Patrick Hennebelle

2000-01-01

176

Software Development Infrastructure for the FAIR Experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed project FAIR (Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research) is an international accelerator facility of the next generation. It builds on top of the experience and technological developments already made at the existing GSI facility, and incorporate new technological concepts. The four scientific pillars of FAIR are NUSTAR (nuclear structure and astrophysics), PANDA (QCD studies with cooled beams of anti-protons), CBM (physics of hadronic matter at highest baryon densities), and APPA (atomic physics, plasma physics, and applications). The FairRoot framework used by all of the big FAIR experiments as a base for their own specific developments, provides basic functionality like IO, geometry handling etc. The challenge is to support all the different experiments with their heterogeneous requirements. Due to the limited manpower, one of the first design decisions was to (re)use as much as possible already available and tested software and to focus on the development of the framework. Beside the framework itself, the FairRoot core team also provides some software development tools. We will describe the complete set of tools in this article. The Makefiles for all projects are generated using CMake. For software testing and the corresponding quality assurance, we use CTest to generate the results and CDash as web front end. The tools are completed by subversion as source code repository and trac as tool for the complete source code management. This set of tools allows us to offer the full functionality we have for FairRoot also to the experiments based on FairRoot.

Uhlig, F.; Al-Turany, M.; Bertini, D.; Karabowicz, R.

2011-12-01

177

Science Fair Scene: How to Conduct a Science-Fair Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Advice on how to transform a practical idea into a first-class science fair project is provided. How to do scientific research, what to include in a science fair report, how to pick a topic, when to begin, writing the report, and making the display are topics of discussion. (KR)

McQueen, David R.

1991-01-01

178

Fairness and throughput analysis for generalized proportional fair frequency scheduling in OFDMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, a generalized proportional fair (GPF) scheduling algorithm is presented, which allows tweaking the trade-off between fairness and throughput performance for best effort traffic in a cellular downlink scenario. The GPF is extended to frequency scheduling in an OFDMA system by performing dynamic channel allocation on a subband basis including link adaptation by adaptive modulation and coding. In

Christian Wengerter; Jan Ohlhorst; A. G. E. von Elbwart

2005-01-01

179

Keeping trade fair: governance challenges in the fair trade coffee initiative  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair trade has gained attention as an innovative market-based mechanism for addressing social and environmental problems exacerbated by conventional global markets. Yet such initiatives are also regulatory mechanisms that establish voluntary alternative arrangements for governing production, commercialization and consumption of global commodities. Based on a recent study of fair trade coffee experiences in Latin America, this paper explores the changes

Peter Leigh Taylor; Douglas L. Murray; Laura T. Raynolds

2005-01-01

180

Fairness: How to Achieve It and How to Optimize in a Fair-Division Procedure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A simple and practical application of mathematics is for fairly resolving the dispute of division of items for which two parties have equal claim. Basic properties of fair division are explained, which would enable students to learn concepts on optimization without introducing calculus.|

Jones, Michael A.; Cohen, Stanley F.

2004-01-01

181

A proportional-fair power allocation scheme for fair and efficient multiuser OFDM systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate adaptive resource allocation schemes in multiuser OFDM systems for fair share of resources and efficient operation. We employ the CDF-based scheduling (CS) algorithm for the subcarrier allocation, taking advantage of its distinctive feature of analyzability and multiuser diversity. Noting that conventional power allocation schemes do not exhibit efficient and fair operations in heterogeneous user channel

Hanbyul Seo; Byeong Gi Lee

2004-01-01

182

Les nanomatériaux : une caractérisation difficile ...  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of nanomaterials is of widespread interest since the beginning of the nineties. We describe several methods of synthesis of nanophased materials and of nanostructured materials. The problems related to the characterization of nanosized particles and to the influence of the synthesis method on their properties are illustrated first from a comparison of nanometric titanoferrites synthesized by two different methods, then by a phase transformation from face-centered cubic to hexagonal which takes place in Ni at a nanometer crystallite size and finally by the Rietveld analysis of phases found in TiO2 powders ground for short times. Depuis le début des années 90, les recherches sur les nanomatériaux ont connu un essor considérable. Nous décrivons ici différentes méthodes de synthèse de nanoparticules et de matériaux nanostructurés. Les problèmes liés à la caractérisation des particules nanométriques et à l'influence de la méthode de synthèse sur les propriétés sont illustrés par la comparaison de ferrites de titane nanométriques élaborés par deux méthodes différentes, par l'étude d'une transition Ni hexagonal - Ni cubique faces centrées liée à la taille et par la quantification par la méthode de Rietveld des phases présentes dans des poudres de TiO2 broyées.

Bégin-Colin, S.; Le Caër, G.; Girot, T.

2002-07-01

183

Some guidelines for conducting a health fair.  

PubMed Central

Health professionals are being asked with increasing frequency to participate in, or to conduct, health fairs. There is, however, a lack of published practical advice available to persons undertaking such an event for the first time. Based upon my experience in this area, participants are advised to (a) clearly define in advance the objectives to be achieved by this activity, (b) give careful attention to the timing, location, and financing of the event, (c) encourage the active participation in the event of both professionals and lay persons in the community, (d) pay particular attention to publicizing the event, since the fair's success will be directly related to visitor attendance, and (e) evaluate the event to determine whether the sponsors' objective were met, whether additional health fairs should be conducted, and what changes should be made when similar events are held in the future.

Richie, N D

1976-01-01

184

Network Dynamics and Market Structure: The Case of Art Fairs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Annual art fairs are a crucial element of the contemporary art market. Art galleries represent artists and exhibit their work at fairs all over the world. These fairs expose the gallery and its artists and create and maintain relationships with key actors in the global art market. Using data recording artists and galleries presenting at art fairs alongside qualitative interviews

Tamar Yogev; Thomas Grund

2012-01-01

185

The University and the Moral Imperative of Fair Trade Coffee  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the relationship between the university and fair trade coffee campaigns in North America. In recent years, fair trade coffee sales internationally have increased substantially but have still not grown large enough to meet the needs of fair trade producers in the South. In consequence, fair trade activists have sought to expand the market by pressuring public institutions

Gavin Fridell

2004-01-01

186

An effective fair bandwidth allocation in resilient packet ring  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we propose an effective fuzzy local fair-Rate generator (FLFG) for resilient packet ring (RPR) to achieve better utilization fairness and convergence time. The FLFG is composed of three components: adaptive fairRate calculator (AFC), fuzzy congestion detector (FCD), and fuzzy fairRate generator (FFG). AFC produces an estimated fairRate in the meantime FCD indicates the congestion degree of station.

Wen-Shiang Tang; Wei-Chien Wang; Chung-Ju Chang; Yao-Ting Hsieh

2010-01-01

187

How fairly do chimpanzees play the ultimatum game?  

PubMed Central

Humans can behave fairly, but can other species? Recently we tested chimpanzees on a classic human test for fairness, the Ultimatum Game, and found that they behaved similarly to humans. In humans, Ultimatum Game behavior is cited as evidence for a human sense of fairness. By that same logic, we concluded that chimpanzees behaved fairly in our recent study. However, we make a distinction between behavior and motivation. Both humans and chimpanzees behaved fairly, but determining why they did so is more challenging.

Proctor, Darby; Brosnan, Sarah F.; de Waal, Frans B. M.

2013-01-01

188

[Law Enforcement Standards of Decency and Fairness].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Effective policemen need to have as much knowledge as possible about society; they need to be fair, like the criminal justice system they represent. Society cannot be protected unless there is full accordance with the law. Questions of concern are whether the poor man or the black man are receiving the same treatment as the rich or influential…

Saxbe, William B.

189

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sources listed in this document are selected to provide guidance to students, parents, and teachers throughout the process of planning, developing, implementing, and competing in science fair activities. While sources range in suitability from elementary to high school levels, the emphasis is on materials for grades 9-12. This guide updates LC…

Howland, Joyce, Comp.

190

The Science fair in our school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in alternative learning incentives led us to a peculiar kind of learning resulting in remarkable outcomes. We are currently under a Science Fair Project -being outlined in this review - which was presented in our school on the 3rd & 4th of March 2008. The approach which was expanded (by the pupils of the 1st Primary School class SIXTH2)

M. Vavoulidou

191

Science Fair Projects. LC Science Tracer Bullet.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bibliography assists junior and senior high school students and teachers in planning, preparing, executing, and evaluating science fair projects. A few books with experiments suitable for elementary grade students are listed. This publication is not intended to be a comprehensive bibliography but is designed to put the reader "on target."…

Carter, Constance, Comp.

192

Current status of the fair project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The idea of an Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) has been developed during the past years to provide the international community a world-leading infrastructure for nuclear and hadron research [1]. It is planned to realize the project within an international cooperation of 14 partner states: Austria, China, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britan, Greece, India, Italy, Poland, Romania, Russia,

D. Kramer

2007-01-01

193

Four Tools for Science Fair Success  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

These teacher-tested ideas will guide your students in creating true inquiry-based projects. Two of the ideas, the Topic Selection Wizard and Science Project Timeline, are appropriate for all science fair programs, even new ones. For existing programs, the Black Box of Project Improvement and After-School Project Clinic improve project quality and broaden participation.

Messmer, Barbara; Storm, Bill; Weaver, Cheryl; Smith, Sherry W.

2007-12-01

194

A World of Discovery Online: Science Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

K-12 students and teachers can use the Internet for planning science fair activities--for project ideas, resources, and interactive Web sites. Lists 26 science Web sites specializing in question answering, activities, experiments, optics, math, dissection, inventions, physics, space, genetics, cockroaches and worms, and Twinkies (sponge cakes).…

Joseph, Linda C.

1996-01-01

195

Schools and the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of the Fair Labor Standards Act's applicability to public employees. Beginning in April 1986, schools must pay covered employees who work more than 40 hours in a workweek time-and-a-half (in money or compensatory time off). Defines terms and lists recordkeeping requirements. (MLF)

Joyce, Robert P.

1986-01-01

196

The fair lending laws and their enforcement  

Microsoft Academic Search

ournalists, businessmen, politicians, and regulators are paying increasing attention to the subject of discrimination in lending, with particular em- phasis on mortgage lending. It sometimes seems as though the main issues in antidiscrimination efforts have shifted from education and labor markets to the credit markets. Two different federal laws deal with discrimination in lending: the Fair Housing Act (FHAct) and

John R. Walter

1995-01-01

197

A Future Fair: Building Tomorrow Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gifted intermediate-level students in Greenville, South Carolina, held a Future Fair in which students completed projects and developed critical and creative thinking skills as they investigated real problems. Projects such as models, inventions, photo essays, and creative writing focused on future schools, art, fashions, space travel, and other…

Weatherly, Myra S.

1992-01-01

198

Responsible retailing: Regulating fair and ethical trade  

Microsoft Academic Search

Deregulation in the 1980s and 1990s reaffirmed a market approach to the global trading of goods. Suggestions that this contributed to unfair terms of trade and poor labour conditions led to calls for greater corporate accountability. Following pressure to improve conditions, companies embraced a range of voluntary initiatives under the umbrella of fair and ethical sourcing. This article examines these

Pamela K. Robinson

2009-01-01

199

Four Tools for Science Fair Success  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|These teacher-tested ideas will guide students in creating true inquiry-based projects. Two of the ideas, the Topic Selection Wizard and Science Project Timeline, are appropriate for all science fair programs, even new ones. For existing programs, the Black Box of Project Improvement and After-School Project Clinic improve project quality and…

Smith, Sherry Weaver; Messmer, Barbara; Storm, Bill; Weaver, Cheryl

2007-01-01

200

Reverse Your Science Fair with Educational Partnerships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article suggests several ways teachers can get their students really excited about science by bringing scientists to the science fair in a different role than the traditional "judge." With a bit more effort, scientists can become actively involved as presenters of hands-on activities. This article discusses: what happens when the tables are…

Rose, Jordan; Zardetto-Smith, Andrea; Mu, Keli; Demetrikopoulos, Melissa K.

2004-01-01

201

Program Development to Study Faired Towlines.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A computer program has been developed to study the interactions beween hydrodynamic loading and structural response of flexible, faired, underwater towing cables. The equilibrium shape of the cable's cross-section when it is moving at an angle of attack i...

J. B. Eades V. Majer

1979-01-01

202

Putting Science into Elementary Science Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In a world where science has become too confined to books and too reliant on technology, and science fairs have been taken over by parents, this paper offers suggestions to help young people have actual hands-on experience with nature. Topics include soil formation; ants; earthworms; temperature; weather predictions; rain acidity; physical science…

Russell, Helen Ross

203

Fair and optimistic quantum contract signing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a fair and optimistic quantum-contract-signing protocol between two clients that requires no communication with the third trusted party during the exchange phase. We discuss its fairness and show that it is possible to design such a protocol for which the probability of a dishonest client to cheat becomes negligible and scales as N-1/2, where N is the number of messages exchanged between the clients. Our protocol is not based on the exchange of signed messages: Its fairness is based on the laws of quantum mechanics. Thus, it is abuse free, and the clients do not have to generate new keys for each message during the exchange phase. We discuss a real-life scenario when measurement errors and qubit-state corruption due to noisy channels and imperfect quantum memories occur and argue that for a real, good-enough measurement apparatus, transmission channels, and quantum memories, our protocol would still be fair. Apart from stable quantum memories, the other segments of our protocol could be implemented by today's technology, as they require in essence the same type of apparatus as the one needed for the Bennett-Brassard 1984 (BB84) cryptographic protocol. Finally, we briefly discuss two alternative versions of the protocol, one that uses only two states [based on the Bennett 1992 (B92) protocol] and the other that uses entangled pairs, and show that it is possible to generalize our protocol to an arbitrary number of clients.

Paunkovi?, N.; Bouda, J.; Mateus, P.

2011-12-01

204

Fairness concerns in digital right management models  

Microsoft Academic Search

Digital piracy is threatening the global multimedia content industry and blindly applied coercive Digital Right Management (DRM) policies do nothing but legitimise this piracy. This paper presents new software and hardware infrastructure aimed at reconciling the content providers' and consumers' points of view by giving the ability to develop fair business models (i.e., that preserve the interest of both parties).

Luc Bouganim; Philippe Pucheral

2007-01-01

205

A Future Fair: Building Tomorrow Today.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Gifted intermediate-level students in Greenville, South Carolina, held a Future Fair in which students completed projects and developed critical and creative thinking skills as they investigated real problems. Projects such as models, inventions, photo essays, and creative writing focused on future schools, art, fashions, space travel, and other…

Weatherly, Myra S.

1992-01-01

206

Fairness, errors and the power of competition  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we investigate the effects of competition on bargained outcomes. We show that the neglect of either fairness concerns or decision errors will prevent a satisfactory understanding of how competition affects bargaining. We conducted experiments which demonstrate that introducing a small amount of competition to a bilateral ultimatum game – by adding just one competitor – induces large

Urs Fischbacher; Christina M. Fong; Ernst Fehr

2009-01-01

207

Culture-Fair Prediction of Academic Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A theoretically based, culture-fair test of new learning ability is predictive of academic achievement. A sample of 633 adults, 121 of minority status, drawn from urban private universities, colleges, and community colleges were given information as to the meanings of previously unknown words, sayings, similarities, and analogies. They were also…

Fagan, Joseph F.; Holland, Cynthia R.

2009-01-01

208

Role of Farmers' Fair in Adult Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Guidelines and objectives for organizing an educationally oriented farmers' fair for rural Indians are presented. Various activities are suggested and described, including: research farm visits, question and answer sessions between farmers and experts, farm equipment demonstrations, agro-industrial exhibitions, and competitions. (LH)|

Sohoni, A. W.; Varma, Harish

1975-01-01

209

Employer Expectations of Students Attending Job Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on a survey about employer expectations of students attending job fairs, including how students should conduct themselves and dress. More than one-third indicated they expect students to be knowledgeable about their company. According to respondents, lack of clear career objectives accounts for the most common mistake made by students.…

Palomares, Amber

2000-01-01

210

Fair Use: Articulating the Liberal Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Within the context of "Cambridge University Press et al. v. Patton et al.", this article provides the rationale for the academic distribution of scholarly articles without requesting copyright permission or paying the corresponding fees. The fair use of scholarly articles is examined legally, historically, and in an economic context. This article…

Davis, Anthony, Jr.

2012-01-01

211

Putting Science into Elementary Science Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a world where science has become too confined to books and too reliant on technology, and science fairs have been taken over by parents, this paper offers suggestions to help young people have actual hands-on experience with nature. Topics include soil formation; ants; earthworms; temperature; weather predictions; rain acidity; physical…

Russell, Helen Ross

212

Copyright and Fair Use: A Policy Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes potential changes in federal copyright law and the fair use doctrine in the digital age. Discusses three policy options for balancing the rights of copyright owners and users--maintaining the status quo; adopting the Information Infrastructure Copyright Act; and adopting proposed revisions of the Digital Future Coalition--using the…

Rupp-Serrano, Karen

1997-01-01

213

The HADES-at-FAIR project  

SciTech Connect

After the completion of the experimental program at SIS18 the HADES setup will migrate to FAIR, where it will deliver high-quality data for heavy-ion collisions in an unexplored energy range of up to 8 A GeV. In this contribution, we briefly present the physics case, relevant detector characteristics and discuss the recently completed upgrade of HADES.

Lapidus, K., E-mail: kirill.lapidus@ph.tum.de [Excellence Cluster 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' (Germany); Agakishiev, G. [Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Balanda, A. [Jagiellonian University, Smoluchowski Institute of Physics (Poland); Bassini, R. [Sezione di Milano, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy); Behnke, C. [J.W.Goethe-Universitaet, Institut fuer Kernphysik (Germany); Belyaev, A. [Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Blanco, A. [LIP-Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas (Portugal); Boehmer, M. [Technische Universitaet Muenchen, Physik Department E12 (Germany); Cabanelas, P. [Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Departamento de Fisica de Particulas (Spain); Carolino, N. [LIP-Laboratorio de Instrumentacao e Fisica Experimental de Particulas (Portugal); Chen, J. C. [Excellence Cluster 'Origin and Structure of the Universe' (Germany); Chernenko, S. [Joint Institute of Nuclear Research (Russian Federation); Diaz, J. [Universidad de Valencia-CSIC, Instituto de Fisica Corpuscular (Spain); Dybczak, A. [Jagiellonian University, Smoluchowski Institute of Physics (Poland); Collaboration: HADES Collaboration; and others

2012-05-15

214

Copyright Law, Fair Use, and Multimedia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines issues related to copyright and how they affect the creation, protection, and distribution of multimedia materials. Topics discussed include a definition of copyright, the relevance of copyright, the concept of fair use, derivative and collective works, copyright and constitutional law, and information guides to copyright issues. (10…

Van Bergen, Marilyn A.

1992-01-01

215

OPERATION MODES AND CONTROLS ASPECTS OF FAIR  

Microsoft Academic Search

An international accelerator Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) has been proposed by GSI in 2001. This facility will provide the whole range of particle beams from protons and antiprotons to ion beams of all chemical elements up to uranium as well as beams of short-lived (rare isotope) beams. The proposed facility consists of a double-ring synchrotron and a

P. Schütt; U. Krause; R. Bär; B. Franczak; G. Fröhlich; L. Hechler; A. Redelbach; S. Richter; V. Schaa; W. Schiebel

216

An anonymous fair offline micropayment scheme  

Microsoft Academic Search

A micropayment scheme provides an efficient way for electronic payment with small face value. It is suitable for environments that require frequent transactions such as pay-per­ view movie, video streaming, etc. Recent researches on micropay­ ment introduce additional properties such as user anonymity and fairness in micropayments. However, existing schemes may lose efficiency while achieving the new properties. In this

Chun-I Fan; Yu-Kuang Liang; Chien-Nan Wu

2011-01-01

217

A World of Discovery Online: Science Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|K-12 students and teachers can use the Internet for planning science fair activities--for project ideas, resources, and interactive Web sites. Lists 26 science Web sites specializing in question answering, activities, experiments, optics, math, dissection, inventions, physics, space, genetics, cockroaches and worms, and Twinkies (sponge cakes).…

Joseph, Linda C.

1996-01-01

218

A Geometric Approach to Fair Division  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We wish to divide a cake among some collection of people (who may have very different notions of the comparative value of pieces of cake) in a way that is both "fair" and "efficient." We explore the meaning of these terms, introduce two geometric tools to aid our analysis, and present a proof (due to Dietrich Weller) that establishes the…

Barbanel, Julius

2010-01-01

219

Second Careers in Art and Craft Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much research has focused on retirees and disengagement from prior work roles. One neglected variation is entry into second careers. Seventy persons, aged 50 to 87, who had retired from or left one occupation and taken up a second career selling their work at art and craft fairs, were interviewed. Respondents had held a variety of responsible…

Lieberman, Leslie; Lieberman, Leonard

220

Participación en el deporte y fair play  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudio examinó si la participación en deportes de contacto medio repercute en las opiniones so- bre las conductas y actitudes de fair play en el contexto deportivo, y si estos efectos están mediatiza- dos por la orientación al ego. Los participantes fueron deportistas universitarios de alto nivel y depor- tistas profesionales (N= 131) de baloncesto y fútbol. Completaron cuestionarios

José A. Cecchini Estrada; Carmen González González-Mesa; Javier Montero Méndez

2007-01-01

221

Selecting Fair and Equitable Learning Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The media selection guidelines in this booklet have been developed to further emphasize fairness and respect for all individuals in Saskatchewan (Canada) schools. The six forms of bias that may appear in learning materials include: (1) invisibility--underrepresenting certain groups; (2) stereotyping--assigning rigid roles or attributes to a…

Saskatchewan Dept. of Education, Regina.

222

The Third International San Francisco Book Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Friends of Books and Comics presents its catalog of the Third International San Francisco Book Fair, a marketplace of alternative books, comics, and magazines. Nearly 200 alternative and small presses are listed alphabetically with address, telephone number, names of principal people involved, and a brief description of type and subject of…

Kalmon, Winn; And Others

223

[Law Enforcement Standards of Decency and Fairness].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Effective policemen need to have as much knowledge as possible about society; they need to be fair, like the criminal justice system they represent. Society cannot be protected unless there is full accordance with the law. Questions of concern are whether the poor man or the black man are receiving the same treatment as the rich or influential…

Saxbe, William B.

224

Second Careers in Art and Craft Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviewed middle aged and older persons (N=70) who left their former occupations and took up second careers as artists or craftspersons selling through arts and crafts fairs. Most reported personal satisfaction and pleasure in the camaraderie. Nearly all reported that successful participation depended upon collaboration with spouses. (Author/JAC)

Lieberman, Leslie; Lieberman, Leonard

1983-01-01

225

Association d'une cytost?aton?crose n?onatale, d'une hypertriglyc?ridemie et d'une hypercalc?mie: ? propos d'une observation  

PubMed Central

La cytostéatonécrose du nouveau-né est une hypodermite aigue qui apparaît dans les premières semaines de vie. Nous rapportons les caractéristiques cliniques et histologiques d’une cytostéatonécrose chez un nourrisson âgé de trois semaines, admis pour des lésions cutanées à type de placards sous-cutanées dures, localisées sur le dos. Le nouveau-né a développé une hypercalcémie et une hypertriglycéridemie d’évolution favorable sous traitement symptomatique de même que les lésions cutanées qui ont disparu en quelques semaines.

Abilkassem, Rachid; Dini, Nezha; Oukabli, Mohamed; Kmari, Mohamed; Agadr, Aomar

2012-01-01

226

Surveillance géodésique par GPS: une approche régionale  

Microsoft Academic Search

Depuis quelques années les réseaux géodésiques nationaux\\u000a sont équipés d'un certain nombre de stations GPS\\u000a permanentes. Les systèmes et cadres de coordonnées sont\\u000a ainsi disponibles aisément et permettent un rattachement\\u000a efficace et cohérent d'autres réseaux géodésiques. C'est\\u000a dans ce contexte que s'inscrit cet article qui présente\\u000a une approche régionale de la surveillance géodésique avec\\u000a l'étude d'un réseau pilote couvrant une

Ludovic Rey; Pierre-Yves Gilliéron; Adrian Waegli

2006-01-01

227

Tumeur du canal anal révélée par une fistule rectovaginale  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Résumé  La fistule rectovaginale (FRV) est une pathologie rare, une cause néoplasique en est exceptionnellement responsable. Nous\\u000a rapportons un cas de tumeur avancée du canal anal, révélée par une grosse FRV associée à de multiples fistules périnéales\\u000a externes.

M. Tamzaourte; I. Errabih; M. Fadlouallah; S. Tahri; H. Elkoundi; M. Lahmiri; H. Krami; H. Ouazzani

2010-01-01

228

Me, Myself, Fairness, and I: On the Self-Related Aspects of Fairness Reactions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current dissertation focuses on the psychology of justice as a self-related process. Six experiments within three justice domains are reported in which specific self-related aspects and their influence on fairness reactions are investigated. \\u000a\\u000aThe construction of one’s self-image (i.e., the self-concept) is presumed to be involved in the experience of fair and unfair treatments by others. That is, how

A. Loseman

2011-01-01

229

L'adaptation au secteur spatial d'une méthode de gestion prévisionnelle de projets issue de l'ingénierie du BTP  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cette contribution étudie une tentative d'adaptation de pratiques de gestion prévisionnelle de projets d'ingénierie de précontrainte du BTP à un programme spatial scientifique. Une telle démarche s'inscrit dans la problématique plus générale et non résolue de la maitrise des couts des grands projets de haute technologie. Le processus décrit se focalise sur la question de l'anticipation des coûts. L'actualisation des

Christophe Belleval

2004-01-01

230

Vers une proposition d'integration de l'approche objective et subjective de la situation d'achat dans l'etude du comportement du consommateur  

Microsoft Academic Search

Si l'influence de la situation d'achat sur le comportement du consommateur est admise, les problèmes quant au choix d'une mesure objective ou subjective de cette variable se posent toujours. Dans le but de montrer que l'approche objective et subjective du contexte d'achat fournissent des informations complémentaires sur les agissements de l'individu, nous avons mené une étude empirique auprès de 200

Jean-François LEMOINE

2000-01-01

231

Antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus Faecium Fair-E 198 against gram-positive pathogens  

PubMed Central

ABSTRACT This study investigated the antimicrobial activity of Enterococcus faecium FAIR-E 198 against Bacillus cereus, Listeria monocytogenes and Staphylococcus aureus. Using the critical-dilution method, the bacteriocin produced by E. faecium FAIR-E 198 inhibited all L. monocytogenes strains evaluated (1,600 to 19,200 AU mL-1). However, none of the B. cereus and S. aureus strains investigated were inhibited. The maximum activity of this bacteriocin (800 AU mL-1) was observed in MRS broth, while the activity in milk was 100 AU mL-1. In the co-cultivation test in milk, B. cereus K1-B041 was reduced to below the detection limit (1.00 log CFU mL-1) after 48 h. E. faecium reduced the initial L. monocytogenes Scott A population by 1 log CFU mL-1 after 3 h at 35°C, However, the pathogen regained growth, reaching 3.68 log CFU mL-1 after 48 h. E. faecium did not influence the growth of S. aureus ATCC 27154 during the 48 h of co-cultivation, Therefore, it can be concluded that the effectiveness of the antimicrobial activity of E. faecium FAIR-E 198 is strictly related to the species and strain of the target microorganism and to the culture medium,

do Nascimento, Maristela da Silva; Moreno, Izildinha; Kuaye, Arnaldo Yoshiteru

2010-01-01

232

FAIR: a Horizon for Future Charming Physics  

SciTech Connect

The science goals underlying the future international Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research--FAIR--[1] that is being realized in Darmstadt span a broad range of research activities on the structure of matter. One component of this facility is directed towards studies of hadronic matter at the sub-nuclear level with beams of antiprotons. These studies focus on two key aspects: confinement of quarks and the generation of the hadron masses. These goals will be pursued by performing precision measurements of charged and neutral decay products from antiproton-proton annihilation in the charmonium mass region. In this talk I present some of the issues connected to FAIR in which the groups in Cracow and Juelich are extending and intensifying our cooperation.

Ritman, James [Nuclear Physics Institute (IKP) Forschungszentrum Juelich D-52425 Juelich (Germany)

2007-11-07

233

The health beliefs of health fair participants.  

PubMed

The motivations and health beliefs of adults who participate in community-based health promotion were studied through a survey of 303 adults attending five community health fairs. Subjects were predominately female (69.9%), over age 60 (66.8%), and had at least yearly contact with a family physician (85.3%). Obtaining laboratory testing services was the sole reason for attendance for 47% of participants, was thought to be of much greater importance than health educational materials also offered at the health fair, and identified as providing a sense of control over personal health care. Receiving their own normal test results was perceived as assuring a "healthy" future for 86% of participants and few used these results to support erroneous health beliefs. A theme of "positive health feedback", identified through factor analysis of survey responses, may prove useful for family physicians to incorporate into more directed and useful health promotion efforts for enhanced patient participation and satisfaction. PMID:1918436

Heath, J M; Lucic, K S; Hollifield, D; Kues, J R

1991-08-01

234

Emergence of Fairness in Repeated Group Interactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Often groups need to meet repeatedly before a decision is reached. Hence, most individual decisions will be contingent on decisions taken previously by others. In particular, the decision to cooperate or not will depend on one’s own assessment of what constitutes a fair group outcome. Making use of a repeated N-person prisoner’s dilemma, we show that reciprocation towards groups opens a window of opportunity for cooperation to thrive, leading populations to engage in dynamics involving both coordination and coexistence, and characterized by cycles of cooperation and defection. Furthermore, we show that this process leads to the emergence of fairness, whose level will depend on the dilemma at stake.

Van Segbroeck, S.; Pacheco, J. M.; Lenaerts, T.; Santos, F. C.

2012-04-01

235

Classification Framework for Fair Content Tracing Protocols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fair content tracing (FaCT) protocols have been proposed by many authors to allow content tracing based on digital watermarking to be performed in a manner that does not discriminate either the client who downloads content or the distributor who provides content. We propose a general design framework for fair content tracing (FaCT) protocols. This framework provides a means to address the ad hoc design issues arising for many existing protocols, several of which have been broken through poor design. We then classify existing FaCT protocols based on this framework, which allows for a more systematic approach to FaCT protocol analysis. We further provide general comparisons and evaluation criteria for FaCT protocols.

Poh, Geong Sen; Martin, Keith M.

236

Validating nursing competencies using a fair format.  

PubMed

Across the healthcare system, staff development specialists and nurse leaders have been challenged with the development, implementation, and evaluation of processes by which clinical nursing staff demonstrate competence in an efficient and effective manner. The purpose of this article is to describe one approach used in an acute care setting. Staff development specialists and nurse leaders played key roles in assessing, developing, and evaluating a nursing competency validation fair. PMID:18525415

Carney, Diane M; Bistline, Betty

237

Hadron Physics with PANDA at FAIR  

SciTech Connect

The recently established FAIR facility in Darmstadt has a broad program in the field of hadron and nuclear physics utilizing ion beams with unprecedented intensity and accuracy. The PANDA experiment, which is integrated in the HESR storage ring for antiprotons is at the center of the hadron physics program. It includes among others topics like hadron spectroscopy in the charmonium mass region and below, hyperon physics and electromagnetic processes.

Wiedner, Ulrich [Institut f. Experimentalphysik I, Ruhr-University Bochum, D-44780 Bochum (Germany)

2011-10-21

238

Timeslot Weighted Fair Scheduling in EPFTS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based on the technology of EPFTS (ethernet-like physical frame timeslot switching), this paper introduces a new scheduling algorithm call TWFS (timeslot weighted fair scheduling) which could be implemented in EPFTS nodes to fit the requirement of fast data switching and QoS (quality of service) guarantee in SUPANET (single physical layer user-data platform architecture network). By analyzing merits and shortcomings of

Ji LI; ZENG Hua-Xin

2006-01-01

239

Cluster mass estimation through fair galaxies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyse a catalogue of simulated clusters within the theoretical framework of the Spherical Collapse Model (SCM), and demonstrate that the relation between the infall velocity of member galaxies and the cluster matter overdensity can be used to estimate the mass profile of clusters, even though we do not know the full dynamics of all the member galaxies. In fact, we are able to identify a limited subset of member galaxies, the `fair galaxies', which are suitable for this purpose. The fair galaxies are identified within a particular region of the galaxy distribution in the redshift (line-of-sight velocity versus sky-plane distance from the cluster centre). This `fair region' is unambiguously defined through statistical and geometrical assumptions based on the SCM. These results are used to develop a new technique for estimating the mass profiles of observed clusters and subsequently their masses. We tested our technique on a sample of simulated clusters; the mass profiles estimates are proved to be efficient from 1 up to 7 virialization radii, within a typical uncertainty factor of 1.5, for more than 90 per cent of the clusters considered. Moreover, as an example, we used our technique to estimate the mass profiles and the masses of some observed clusters of the Cluster Infall Regions in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey catalogue. The technique is shown to be reliable also when it is applied to sparse populated clusters. These characteristics make our technique suitable to be used in clusters of large observational catalogues.

Cupani, Guido; Mezzetti, Marino; Mardirossian, Fabio

2010-04-01

240

Y a-t-il une vie (possible) après une résection intestinale étendue ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé  Assurer la survie de patients avec ischémie mésentérique conduit souvent à des résections intestinales étendues. La plupart\\u000a des cliniciens considèrent que de telles résections ne sont pas raisonnables et non compatibles avec une survie à court ou\\u000a long terme. Pourtant, il est bien documenté que le syndrome de grêle court (SGC) peut avoir une bonne survie prolongée. Il\\u000a a ainsi

F. Joly; O. Corcos

2010-01-01

241

Une théorie des années quatre-vingt  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Les années quatre-vingt présentent, pour les analyses macroéconomiques habituelles, des énigmes majeures, dont, aux premiers rangs, la persistance d'un chômage élevé en Europe et la désynchronisation des conjonctures américaine et européennes pendant la première moitié de la décennie. Des «faits» nouveaux, qui distinguent la période considérée sont mal pris en compte par les modèles usuels. Cet article propose une

Jacques Le Cacheux; Jean-Paul Fitoussi

1989-01-01

242

Une application de la métrique circum-radiale à l'étude des déplacements urbains  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Une application de la métrique circum-radiale à l'étude des déplacements urbains. . Dans un certain nombre de villes, la métrique rectilinéaire peut être utilisée pour analyser les déplacements. Toutefois, pour les villes anciennes, cette représentation ne convient pas. Pour se rendre d'un point à un autre, les agents passent par le centre ou par le périphérique de manière à

Jacky Perreur; Jacques-François Thisse

1974-01-01

243

UNE SECURISATION GLOBALISEE DES SYSTEMES D'INFORMATION DE GESTION GLOBALIZED SECURIZATION OF MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé : Depuis la fin de la décennie 1980, nombre d'organisations construisent ou se font construire leur site Web. Ce site peut, selon le cas, servir de support au commerce électronique en ligne, à la présentation de l'entrepris e, à l'information sur celle-ci. Le site Web peut aussi servir de moyen de comm unication entre une organisation et ses filiales

Pierre E. EDORH

2005-01-01

244

La réforme du Welfare aux Etats-Unis : une tentative d'évaluation  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Les Etats-Unis se sont engagés, au cours des années quatre-vingt-dix et notamment à partir de 1996, dans une réforme de leur protection sociale. Les dispositifs d'allocations sous conditions de ressources ont été remaniés et durcis dans le but de renforcer les incitations au retour à l'emploi des bénéficiaires. De fait, le nombre des bénéficiaires s'est considérablement réduit, mais les

Michel Dollé

2001-01-01

245

Interactions élèves-information et construction d'une culture informationnelle  

Microsoft Academic Search

Résumé : En appui sur les travaux de l'ERTé Culture informationnelle et curriculum documentaire (Lille 3, Béguin dir.), cette communication étudie le rôle des interactions élèves- information dans la construction d'une culture informationnelle. Les dynamiques dégagées montrent que la culture informationnelle, véritable expérience sociale, se développe dans l'interaction avec l'information, en faisant le lien entre ses dimensions humaine, physique, technique.

Yolande Maury

246

Variabilite temporelle des naines T et construction d'une camera infrarouge a grand champ  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Le travail de thèse décrit ici se divise en deux sections distinctes: la première porte sur une étude de la variabilité temporelle des naines T et la seconde sur la construction et les performances de la Caméra PAnoramique Proche InfraRouge (CPAPIR). Les naines brunes sont des objets qui se forment comme les étoiles, lors de l'effondrement gravitationnel d'un nuage de gaz moléculaire, mais dont la masse est trop faible pour leur permettre d'entretenir des réactions de fusion nucléaire. Environ 70% des naines brunes de type L, qui ont des températures comprises entre 2200 K et 1500 K, présentent une variabilité temporelle dont les mécanismes exacts font toujours l'objet de débats. Nous avons étendu la recherche de variabilité temporelle aux naines brunes ayant des températures inférieures à ~1500 K et qui présentent les signatures du méthane, soit les naines T. Nos observations menées à l'Observatoire du mont Mégantic montrent qu'une fraction importante des naines T sont variables à 1.2 mm et 1.6 mm à des niveaux allant de 17 mmag à 53 mmag RMS. Les propriétés photométriques de cette variabilité sont consistantes avec une évolution de la couverture de nuages de poussière à la surface de plusieurs naines T. Des observations complémentaires menées en spectroscopie au télescope Canada-France-Hawaii montrent, pour une naine T, une variabilité spectroscopique dans le proche infrarouge qui est aussi consistante avec l'évolution de tels nuages de poussière. CPAPIR est une caméra infrarouge con=E7ue pour être utilisée à l'Observatoire du mont Mégantic. Elle possède un champ de 30' × 30', soit le plus grand champ de vue parmi les caméras infrarouges astronomiques actuellement en service. CPAPIR est équipé d'un détecteur de type Hawaii-II sensible de 0.8 mm à 2.4 mm avec 2048×2048 pixels. L'optique cryogénique de CPAPIR comprend 8 lentilles cryogéniques et 10 filtres disposés dans deux roues à filtres. Les observations menées au télescope avec CPAPIR montrent que la qualité d'image obtenue et la transmission globale sont conformes aux prédictions faites à partir du design optique et des courbes de transmission des revêtements utilisées pour ses différentes composantes optiques. Mots-clefs . astronomie, naines brunes, naines T, instrumentation, caméra, relevé, infrarouge

Artigau, Etienne

247

7 CFR 51.1580 - Fairly well shaped.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Potatoes Definitions § 51.1580 Fairly well shaped. Fairly well shaped means that...

2013-01-01

248

7 CFR 51.611 - Fairly well developed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Celery Stalks Definitions § 51.611 Fairly well developed. Fairly well developed...

2013-01-01

249

7 CFR 51.1909 - Fairly well formed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...INSPECTION ACT FRESH FRUITS, VEGETABLES AND OTHER PRODUCTS 1,2 (INSPECTION, CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Consumer Standards for Fresh Tomatoes Definitions § 51.1909 Fairly well formed. Fairly well formed...

2013-01-01

250

7 CFR 51.315 - Fairly well formed.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...CERTIFICATION, AND STANDARDS) United States Standards for Grades of Apples Definitions § 51.315 Fairly well formed. âFairly well formedâ means that the apple may be slightly abnormal in shape but not to an extent which detracts...

2013-01-01

251

Systematic Development of a Family of Fair Exchange Protocols.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Fair exchange protocols play an important role in application areas such as ecommerce where protocol participants require mutual guarantees that a transaction involving exchange of items has taken place in a specific manner. A protocol is fair if no proto...

P. D. Ezhilchelvan S. K. Shrivastava

2003-01-01

252

7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2010-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture...Housing § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the...

2010-01-01

253

7 CFR 3560.626 - Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

... 2009-01-01 false Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. 3560.626 Section 3560.626 Agriculture...Housing § 3560.626 Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing Plan. On-farm labor housing must meet the...

2009-01-01

254

7 CFR 760.5 - Fair market value of milk.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 false Fair market value of milk. 760.5 Section 760.5 Agriculture ...Payment Program Payments to Dairy Farmers for Milk § 760.5 Fair market value of milk. (a) The county committee shall...

2013-01-01

255

Empowering Women through Fair Trade? Lessons from Asia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair Trade is promoted as a system of trade that empowers women producers. Yet there is little empirical evidence with which to evaluate this claim. To what extent are women empowered through Fair Trade? While some suggest that focusing on handicrafts would advance the goal of women's empowerment, an analysis of the Fair Trade craft industry from the perspective of

Anna Hutchens

2010-01-01

256

College Camp Fairs: Tips for Hosts, Directors, and Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Camp fairs are held on college campuses to recruit students for summer camp positions. Provides marketing and promotion strategies, recruiting suggestions for camp directors, tips for students helping to organize the fair, and suggestions for students who want to secure a summer camp position. Includes a sample camp fair evaluation. (LP)

Gaskill, Paul L.; Campbell, Don

1995-01-01

257

Fairness of Change in the Military Retirement System.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis addresses the issue of fairness as it relates to changing military retired pay. Taxpayers, as well as retirees, are seen as central to the discussion of fairness. Determination of fairness is accomplished by examining the purposes of retired p...

D. S. Mazenko

1995-01-01

258

7 CFR 51.612 - Fairly good heart formation.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Fairly good heart formation. 51.612 Section 51.612 Agriculture...Stalks Definitions § 51.612 Fairly good heart formation. Fairly good heart formation means that the stalk has a...

2013-01-01

259

Is the Market Fair? Series on Public Issues No. 8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this booklet, one of a series intended to apply economic principles to major social and political issues of the day, the position is taken that questions of fairness have little meaning when discussing economic issues like prices, wages, and profits. It is argued that one reason for the frequent use of terms like fair and fairness is ignorance…

Keim, Gerald

260

Impartiality, Justice and Fairness: The Ethics of Concurrent Termination  

Microsoft Academic Search

The method of well founded structures for proving termination of programs is extended to concurrent programs. The more complicated case is when a program terminates only for fair executions. Different versions of fairness are introduced: Impartiality, Fairness and Justice, and Methods for proving their termination are presented.

Daniel J. Lehmann; Amir Pnueli; Jonathan Stavi

1981-01-01

261

Science Fairs: Promoting Positive Attitudes Towards Science from Student Participation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of the article is to describe step by step procedures teachers can use to successfully engage their students in the development of science fair projects. The article further explains how the student should prepare their science fair project for science fair competition. It is expected that increasing student participation in science…

Wilson, Janell D.; Cordry, Sheila; Unline, Carol

2004-01-01

262

The Complete Handbook of Science Fair Projects, Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science fairs have become an important key to gathering valuable science experience while pursuing independent projects. This book serves as a guide to every aspect of science fairs and science fair projects. It provides information on finding suitable topics, researching them properly, developing experiments, and giving meaning to data results.…

Bochinski, Julianne Blair

263

Checking Progress with Action Priority: Is it Fair?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The liveness characteristics of a system are intimately related to the notion of fairness. However, the task of explicitly modelling fairness constraints is complicated in practice. To address this issue, we propose to check LTS (La- belled Transition System) models under a strong fairness assumption, which can be relaxed with the use of action priority. The combination of the two

Dimitra Giannakopoulou; Jeff Magee; Jeff Kramer

1999-01-01

264

Efficient fair queueing algorithms for packet-switched networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abslmcl-Although wcightcd fair queueing (WFQ) has been re- gnrdcd ns an ideal scheduling algorithm in terms of its combined dclny bound and proportional fairness properties, its asymp- totic time complexity increases linearly with the number of sessions scrviccd by the scheduler, thus limiting its use in high- speed networks. An algorithm that combines the delay and fairness bounds of WFQ

Dimitrios Stiliadis; Anujan Varma

1998-01-01

265

Young female consumers' intentions toward fair trade consumption  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine young female consumers' purchase behaviours related to non-food fair trade products. Interrelationships among beliefs, attitudes, perceived behavioural control, and purchase intentions in regard to fair trade products were examined within a framework of the theory of planned behaviour to arrive at an in-depth understanding of young female consumers' fair trade

Yoon Jin Ma; Mary A. Littrell; Linda Niehm

2012-01-01

266

7 CFR 51.1448 - Fairly uniform in size.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in size. 51.1448 Section 51.1448 Agriculture...Definitions § 51.1448 Fairly uniform in size. Fairly uniform in size means that, in a representative sample of 100 halves, the 10 smallest halves...

2013-01-01

267

7 CFR 51.2131 - Fairly uniform in size.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-01-01 false Fairly uniform in size. 51.2131 Section 51.2131 Agriculture...Definitions § 51.2131 Fairly uniform in size. Fairly uniform in size means that, in a representative sample, the weight of 10 percent, by...

2013-01-01

268

Cooperation and fairness depend on self-regulation.  

PubMed

Any evolved disposition for fairness and cooperation would not replace but merely compete with selfish and other antisocial impulses. Therefore, we propose that human cooperation and fairness depend on self-regulation. Evidence shows reductions in fairness and other prosocial tendencies when self-regulation fails. PMID:23445576

Ainsworth, Sarah E; Baumeister, Roy F

2013-02-01

269

Rethinking Admission Policy: Is Affirmative Action Compatible with Fairness?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article is a critique of the Dworkinian theory of fairness in the context of Affirmative Action. Although Dworkin committed tremendous endeavors in an attempt to give a fairness argument backed by an empirical study, the question of whether affirmative action is fair remains inconclusive. The sample used in the study is unrepresentative, and…

Yu, Chong Ho

2005-01-01

270

48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Estimating the fair market price. 19.807...the 8(a) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The...the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market price for an...

2009-10-01

271

48 CFR 19.807 - Estimating the fair market price.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Estimating the fair market price. 19.807...the 8(a) Program) 19.807 Estimating the fair market price. (a) The...the 8(a) contractor. (b) In estimating the fair market price for an...

2010-10-01

272

Payload fairing separation analysis using constraint force equation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dynamics associated with the jettisoning of the payload fairings from the parent launch vehicle is investigated. The separation dynamics of the fairings is derived using the constraint force equation (CFE) methodology. The analysis considers a spring and a hinge type separation system employed to jettison the fairings from the accelerating on-going stage. This study presents the results of determining

Choong-Seok Oh; Byung-Chan Sun; Yong-Kyu Park; Woong-Rae Roh

2010-01-01

273

College Camp Fairs: Tips for Hosts, Directors, and Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Camp fairs are held on college campuses to recruit students for summer camp positions. Provides marketing and promotion strategies, recruiting suggestions for camp directors, tips for students helping to organize the fair, and suggestions for students who want to secure a summer camp position. Includes a sample camp fair evaluation. (LP)|

Gaskill, Paul L.; Campbell, Don

1995-01-01

274

Pay fairness and intrinsic motivation: the role of pay transparency  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fairness of managerial pay can be judged in terms of its distributive justice properties (‘is my pay fair when compared to others’) and its procedural justice properties (‘is my pay fairly determined’). While both types of justice have been studied extensively in the organizational literature, their relative importance in predicting work-related outcomes is still open to debate. In this

Frank Hartmann; Sergeja Slapni?ar

2012-01-01

275

16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. DETAIL OF TOOL FOR COMPRESSING SPRING IN FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR AND PLASTIC-WRAPPED ACTUATOR FOR FAIRING THAT WILL ENCLOSE A DMSP SATELLITE. (FAIRING SEPARATION ACTUATOR COMPRESSES TO ONE-THIRD OF ITS SIZE.) - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Vehicle Support Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

276

[QALYs and fairness: health economic approaches to the fairness issue and their problems].  

PubMed

Empirical studies have shown that QALY-maximization leads to results that are perceived as unfair. Health economists have attempted to integrate fairness aspects in Cost-Utility Analysis by means of equity weighting. A well-known example is Cost-Value Analysis (Nord et al.). Over and above the value of individual health related utilities, it tries to capture the value of distributing resources fairly. The debate has shown, however, that these approaches face several problems. The present contribution argues that the difficulties are of a more fundamental nature than most contributors to the debate have hitherto assumed. Cost-utility analysis, we believe, cannot consistently be adjusted to meet fairness objections by means of weighting schemes. PMID:21259190

Klonschinski, A; Lübbe, W

2011-01-21

277

Hypernuclear studies at FAIR with PANDA  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The construction of the recently approved Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at GSI will allow to produce a large number of different double ?-hypernucleus species by exploiting p¯-nucleus annihilations at energies just above the ?? pair creation threshold. Among other physics goals, the P¯ANDA (antiProton ANnihilation at DArmstadt) Collaboration is aiming to carry on an extensive program of high resolution ?-spectroscopy of such systems. The double ?-hypernucleus production method and the proposed experimental setup are briefly discussed.

Feliciello, A.; PANDA Collaboration

2007-06-01

278

The compressed baryonic matter experiment at FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment will be one of the major scientific pillars of the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. The goal of the CBM research program is to explore the QCD phase diagram in the region of high baryon densities using high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. This includes the study of the equation-of-state of nuclear matter at high densities, and the search for the deconfinement and chiral phase transitions. The CBM detector is designed to measure both bulk observables with large acceptance and rare diagnostic probes such as charmed particles and vector mesons decaying into lepton pairs.

Senger, Peter

2012-12-01

279

FAIR: A server for internal sequence repeats  

PubMed Central

An Internet computing server has been developed to identify all the occurrences of the internal sequence repeats in a protein and DNA sequences. Further, an option is provided for the users to check the occurrence(s) of the resultant sequence repeats in the other sequence and structure (Protein Data Bank) databases. The databases deployed in the proposed computing engine are up-to-date and thus the users will get the latest information available in the respective databases. The server is freely accessible over the World Wide Web (WWW). Availability http://bioserver1.physics.iisc.ernet.in/fair/

Senthilkumar, Ramaswamy; Sabarinathan, Radhakrishnan; Hameed, Bazil Shaahul; Banerjee, Nirjhar; Chidambarathanu, Narayanan; Karthik, Rajadurai; Sekar, Kanagaraj

2010-01-01

280

Healthy Choices: A Family A-Fair  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Learners and their families celebrate and recognize the importance of making healthy choices every day by participating in a health fair. This activity is intended to use a culminating experience at the end of a unit on health. Learners review the healthy choices they have made throughout the unit, make healthy choice calendars, and participate in activities related to nutrition, active play, and healthy habits. This activity is featured on pp.33-34 of the "Health House: Food, Fitness, & Fun 24/7!" unit of study for K-2 learners.

Reitsma, Beverly A.; Indianapolis, Children'S M.

2012-06-26

281

Proton microscopy at GSI and FAIR  

SciTech Connect

Proton radiography was invented in the 1990's at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) as a diagnostic to study dynamic material properties under extreme pressures, strain and strain rate. Since this time hundreds of dynamic proton radiography experiments have been performed at LANL and facilities have been commissioned at the Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP) in Russia for similar applications in dynamic material studies. Recently an international collaboration was formed to develop a new proton radiography capability for the study of dynamic material properties at the Facility for Anti-proton and Ion Research (FAIR) located at Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung (GSI) in Darmstadt, Germany. This new Proton microscope for FAIR (PRIOR) will provide radiographic imaging of dynamic systems with unprecedented spatial, temporal and density resolution, resulting in a window for understanding dynamic material properties at new length scales. These dynamic experiments will be driven with many energy sources including heavy ions, high explosives and lasers. The design of the proton microscope and expected radiographic performance is presented.

Merrill, Frank E [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mariam, Fesseha G [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Golubev, A A [RUSSIA; Turtikov, V I [RUSSIA; Varentsov, D [GERMANY

2009-01-01

282

The FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project.  

PubMed

The goal of the FAIR-INNOVATION dissemination project (FLAIR-FLOW 3) (1997-2000) was to disseminate R&D results from the EU FAIR programme to small and medium-sized food enterprises (SMEs), health professionals (HPs) and consumer groups (CGs) in 19 European countries. The dissemination routes were: (i) one-page technical documents on research results; (ii) their reproduction on the internet; (iii) their reproduction in journals Europe-wide; (iv) workshops on results from EU-supported food research programmes; and (v) lectures and poster presentations by FLAIR-FLOW network personnel. Of the 135 one-pagers produced, 62% were targeted at SMEs, 18% at HPs and 5% at CGs. The remaining 15% were on food safety and were common to the three target groups. There were 1047 publications arising from one-pages in trade journals, and over 8000 requests (paper route) were received for follow-up information. These were in addition to 240 k downloads from the FLAIR-FLOW 3 web site (www.flair-flow.com). Initiatives for HPs included specially collated versions of the one-pagers for major conferences, 20 focused workshops, and interaction with the European Federation of Associations of Dieticians. Currently, dissemination is continuing through FLAIR-FLOW 4 (2001-2003) in 24 countries. FLAIR-FLOW 4 is co-ordinated by M. Jean François Quillien from INRA-CRIAA (FR) at criaa@rennes.inra.fr. PMID:11894751

Gormley, R

2001-08-01

283

Getting Started in Science Fairs: From Planning to Judging. The Teacher's Science Fair Survival Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is provided as a helpful tool in ensuring a successful and satisfying elementary school science fair. The book clarifies the roles of teachers, parents, and students and provides information about types of projects, practical tips, and possible topics for research. Included are short bibliographies, sample forms (which are teacher…

Perry, Phyllis J.

284

Fairness overrides reputation: the importance of fairness considerations in altruistic cooperation  

PubMed Central

Behavioral findings in several strategic games indicate that people punish others if they think they are being treated unequally, even at the cost of minimizing their own material payoff. We investigated the primary driving force behind such non-self-regarding behavior, so-called, altruistic cooperation. In all of our studies, a mini ultimatum game was played either one-shot (in Experiment 1a and 1b) or repeatedly (Experiment 2), and rejections of inequitable distribution were taken as a measure of altruistic cooperation. In Experiment 1a, we replicated previous findings indicating that the key mechanism contributing to the emergence of altruistic cooperation is fairness considerations. In Experiment 1b, we delved into the relative importance of two aspects of fairness considerations (i.e., outcome fairness and intentions) and showed that both aspects were effective in determining the level of altruistic cooperation, with the contribution of intentions being more important. In Experiment 2, we investigated the effect of the opportunity for reputation building and future interaction on altruistic cooperation. We found that these factors became influential only when fairness considerations were weakened, particularly, as a result of the removal of the possible intentions behind an offer.

Guney, Sule; Newell, Ben R.

2013-01-01

285

Getting Started in Science Fairs: From Planning to Judging. The Teacher's Science Fair Survival Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book is provided as a helpful tool in ensuring a successful and satisfying elementary school science fair. The book clarifies the roles of teachers, parents, and students and provides information about types of projects, practical tips, and possible topics for research. Included are short bibliographies, sample forms (which are teacher…

Perry, Phyllis J.

286

Détection et caractérisation optiques d'une nanoparticule métallique isolée  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

La détection optique d'une nanoparticule métallique unique par une nouvelle technique de microscopie par modulation spatiale est décrite. Dans le cas d'un nano-objet de métal noble, la mesure quantitative de son spectre d'absorption au voisinage de la résonance plasmon de surface et sa comparaison précise à un modèle théorique permettent une identification optique complète de l'objet étudié: taille, forme et orientation sur la surface sont déterminées.

Del Fatti, N.; Muskens, O.; Vallée, F.; Huntzinger, J. R.; Billaud, P.; Broyer, M.

2006-10-01

287

Future Experiments with HADES at FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Dielectron Spectrometer HADES installed at GSI Darmstadt recently provided new intriguing results on production of electron pairs and strangeness from elementary and nucleus-nucleus collisions. The obtained data call for further systematic investigations of heavier systems and/or at higher energies. For this purpose, the HADES spectrometer has been upgraded with a high-granularity RPC time-of-flight wall. In addition, a completely new detector read-out and data-acquisition system has been implemented which will greatly improve our data-taking rates. We describe the current status of the HADES spectrometer and our plans for experiments on heavy system collisions at energies up to 10 A GeV on the upcoming FAIR facility.

Tlustý, P.

2010-12-01

288

Nuclear Few-Body Physics at FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The FAIR facility, to be constructed at the GSI site in Darmstadt, will be addressing a wealth of outstanding questions within the realm of subatomic, atomic and plasma physics through a combination of novel accelerators, storage rings and innovative experimental set-ups. One of the key installations is the fragment separator Super-FRS that will be able to deliver an unprecedented range of radioactive ion beams (RIBs) in the energy range of 0-1.5 GeV/u to the envisaged experiments collected within the NuSTAR collaboration. This will in particular permit new experimental investigations of nuclear few-body systems at extreme isospins, also reaching beyond the drip-lines, using the NuSTAR-R3B set-up. The outcome of pilot experiments on unbound systems are reported, as well as crucial detector upgrades.

Nilsson, Thomas

2011-05-01

289

The compressed baryonic matter experiment at FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The compressed baryonic matter (CBM) experiment will be one of the major scientific activities at the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. The goal of the CBM research program is to explore the QCD phase diagram in the region of high-baryon densities using high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. This includes the study of the equation-of-state of nuclear matter at high densities, and the search for the deconfinement and chiral phase transitions. The CBM detector is designed to measure both bulk observables with large acceptance and rare diagnostic probes such as charmed particles and vector mesons decaying into lepton pairs. The layout and the physics performance of the proposed CBM experimental facility will be discussed.

Senger, P.; Galatyuk, T.; Kiseleva, A.; Kresan, D.; Lebedev, A.; Lebedev, S.; Lymanets, A.

2009-06-01

290

The Compressed Baryonic Matter experiment at FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Compressed Baryonic Matter (CBM) experiment will be one of the major scientific pillars of the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) in Darmstadt. The goal of the CBM research program is to explore the QCD phase diagram in the region of high baryon densities using high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. This includes the study of the equation-of-state of nuclear matter at high densities, and the search for the deconfinement and chiral phase transitions. The CBM detector is designed to measure both bulk observables with large acceptance and rare diagnostic probes such as charmed particles and vector mesons decaying into lepton pairs. The layout and the physics performance of the proposed CBM experimental facility will be discussed.

Senger, P.

2011-07-01

291

41 CFR 102-33.400 - How must we report to FAIRS?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...FAIRS? You must report to FAIRS electronically through a secure Web interface to the FAIRS application on the Internet. For information on becoming a FAIRS user, call GSA, Aircraft Management Policy Division,...

2013-01-01

292

How to do research fairly in an unjust world.  

PubMed

International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining have been popular solutions to this problem, but I argue that they are insufficient to protect against exploitation. I argue instead that a maximin principle of fair distribution provides a more compelling normative account of fairness in relationships characterised by extreme vulnerability and inequality of bargaining potential between the parties. A global tax on international research would provide a mechanism for implementing the maximin account of fair benefits. This model has the capacity to ensure fair benefits and thereby prevent exploitation in international research. PMID:20526966

Ballantyne, Angela J

2010-06-01

293

Neural segregation of objective and contextual aspects of fairness  

PubMed Central

Perception of fairness can influence outcomes in human exchange. However, an inherent subjectivity in attribution renders it difficult to manipulate fairness experimentally. Here using a modified Ultimatum Game, within a varying social context, we induced a bias in human subjects’ acceptance of objectively identical offers. To explain this fairness-related behaviour we use a computational model to specify metrics for the objective and contextual aspects of fairness, testing for correlations between these model parameters and brain activity determined using fMRI. We show that objective social inequality, as defined by our model, is tracked in posterior insula cortex. Crucially, this inequality is integrated with social context in posterior and mid-insula, consistent with construction of a fairness motivation that flexibly adapted to the social environment. We suggest the dual importance of objective and contextual aspects to fairness we highlight might explain seemingly inconsistent societal phenomena, including public attitudes to income disparities.

Wright, Nicholas D; Symmonds, Mkael; Fleming, Stephen M; Dolan, Raymond J

2011-01-01

294

Parallel job scheduling policies to improve fairness : a case study.  

SciTech Connect

Balancing fairness, user performance, and system performance is a critical concern when developing and installing parallel schedulers. Sandia uses a customized scheduler to manage many of their parallel machines. A primary function of the scheduler is to ensure that the machines have good utilization and that users are treated in a 'fair' manner. A separate compute process allocator (CPA) ensures that the jobs on the machines are not too fragmented in order to maximize throughput. Until recently, there has been no established technique to measure the fairness of parallel job schedulers. This paper introduces a 'hybrid' fairness metric that is similar to recently proposed metrics. The metric uses the Sandia version of a 'fairshare' queuing priority as the basis for fairness. The hybrid fairness metric is used to evaluate a Sandia workload. Using these results, multiple scheduling strategies are introduced to improve performance while satisfying user and system performance constraints.

Leung, Vitus Joseph; Sabin, Gerald (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH); Sadayappan, Ponnuswamy (Ohio State University, Columbus, OH)

2008-02-01

295

The Fair Wage-Effort Hypothesis and Unemployment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper introduces the fair wage-effort hypothesis and explores its implications. This hypothesis is motivated by equity theory in social psychology and social exchange theory in sociology. According to the fair wage-effort hypothesis, workers proportionately withdraw effort as their actual wage falls short of their fair wage. Such behavior causes unemployment and is also consistent with observed cross-section wage differentials

George A Akerlof; Janet L Yellen

1990-01-01

296

Weighted fairness guarantee for scalable DiffServ assured forwarding  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a new mechanism of weighted fair bandwidth sharing for differentiated services (DiffServ) assured forwarding (AF) services. The mechanism is named SCALE-WFS, i.e. Scalable Core with Aggregation Level labEling-Weighted Fair bandwidth-Sharing. It aims to achieve near-optimal max-min weighted fairness without per-flow management at core routers. Through extensive simulation and simple analysis, we show its advantages over the current

Aimin Sang; Haifeng Zhu; San-qi Li

2001-01-01

297

Exact GPS simulation and optimal fair scheduling with logarithmic complexity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Generalized Processor Sharing (GPS) is a fluid scheduling policy providing perfect fairness over both constant-rate and variable-rate links. The minimum deviation (lead\\/lag) with respect to the GPS service achievable by a packet scheduler is one maximum packet size. To the best of our knowledge, the only packet scheduler guaranteeing the minimum deviation is Worst-case Fair Weighted Fair Queueing (WF2Q), which

Paolo Valente

2007-01-01

298

An Asymptotically Fair Subcarrier Allocation Algorithm in OFDM Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dynamic subcarrier allocation improves the performance of OFDM systems by exploiting multi-user diversity. Fairness index is a parameter which indicates how fairly the sub-carriers are allocated among the users in a system. A greedy sub-carrier allocation algorithm optimizes the system performance in terms of throughput, but it sacrifices the instantaneous fairness. In this paper, we define a new term called

Hamed Rasouli; Alagan Anpalagan

2009-01-01

299

When Do the Ends Justify the Means? Evaluating Procedural Fairness  

Microsoft Academic Search

How do people decide whether a political process is fair or unfair? Concerned about principles of justice, people might carefully\\u000a evaluate procedural fairness based on the facts of the case. Alternately, people could be guided by their prior preferences,\\u000a endorsing the procedures that produce favored policy outcomes as fair and rating those that generate disliked outcomes as\\u000a unfair. Using an

David Doherty; Jennifer Wolak

300

Generation X, Baby Boomers, and Swing: marketing fair trade apparel  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – This study focused on two research questions: How do generational cohorts of fair trade consumers differ in their product attitudes and behaviors, retail preferences, shopping orientations, and socio-political attitudes? How do factors influencing purchase intentions for fair trade apparel differ among generational cohorts? Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Data from 1,055 current customers of four North American fair trade businesses were

Mary A. Littrell; Yoon Jin Ma; Jaya Halepete

2005-01-01

301

The Role of Trade Fairs in the Global Fashion Business  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyses the role played by trade fairs in fashion production today. It uses Goffman's concept of frames to analyse the way in which trade fairs constitute a kind of ‘neutral ground’ onto which exhibitors inscribe their relative position vis-a-vis other exhibitors. The article includes both a macro-analysis of the changing function of fairs as buyer–supplier relations have become

Lise Skov

2006-01-01

302

PbSe/CdSe and PbSe/CdSe/ZnSe hierarchical nanocrystals and their photoluminescence.  

PubMed

Multiple CdSe and ZnSe semiconductor shells were grown on PbSe semiconductor spherical cores with monolayer control. For CdSe shell coating, we found that there was little room to further increase the quantum yields of freshly-made high-quality PbSe nanocrystals that already owned very high initial values because of their good surface status; but there was great improvement for the PbSe nanocrystals with low initial quantum yields because of the poor surface status. Nonetheless, the quantum yield for the latter case could not reach the former's value. Additional ZnSe shells on PbSe/CdSe could further increase the quantum yield and protect the nanocrystals from air oxidation. The observed phenomena in the synthesis of the PbSe/CdSe and PbSe/CdSe/ZnSe core/shell structures were explained through the carrier wave function expansion and the surface polarization. PMID:21699236

Zhang, Yu; Dai, Quanqin; Li, Xinbi; Liang, Jianyu; Colvin, Vicki L; Wang, Yiding; Yu, William W

2011-07-07

303

Evolution de la charge électrique d'une particule heurtant une paroi solide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study, essentially experimental, relates the electric charge generated by the shock of particles on a conducting wall (copper) and on an insulating one (polyethylene). The experiments are realised with an equipment connected to a data acquisition system. We have analysed the influence of differents parameters: impact angle; particle size; initial charge of the particles; impact velocity. Then from these experiments it is possible to point out the charging process of a particle for successive shocks. Le travail que nous présentons est une étude expérimentale du phénomène de génération de charges par collisions sur des surfaces métallique (cuivre) et isolante (polyéthylène). Les expériences sont réalisées sur un dispositif relié à un système d'acquisition de données. Nous avons procédé à l'étude de l'influence de plusieurs paramètres sur ce phénomène tels que : l'angle de choc ; les dimensions des particules ; la charge initiale des particules ; la vitesse au moment du choc. Nous avons aussi mis en évidence l'existence d'une charge de saturation qu'acquiert une particule après un grand nombre de chocs avec une paroi solide.

Touchard, G.; Zerghouni, A.; Watanabe, S.; Borzeix, J.

1991-07-01

304

Fair Queueing with Feedback-Based Policing: Promoting Fairness and Preventing Congestion Collapse in the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

End-to-end congestion control is an important reason why the Internet is robust, scalable and simple to use. Unfortunately, purely end-to-end congestion control algorithms are incapable of preventing the unfair bandwidth allocations and congestion col- lapse caused by unresponsive applications, which are becoming increasingly prevalent in the Internet. In this paper, we propose a new mechanism called Fair Queueing with Feedback-based

Célio Albuquerque; Tatsuya Suda; Brett J. Vickers

1999-01-01

305

Hard Fairness Versus Proportional Fairness in Wireless Communications: The Single-Cell Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

We consider a wireless communication system formed by a single cell with one base station and K user terminals. User channels are characterized by frequency-selective fading due to small-scale effects, modeled as a set of M parallel block-fading channels, and a frequency-flat distance-dependent path loss. We compare delay-limited systems with variable-rate systems under fairness constraints, in terms of the achieved

Giuseppe Caire; Ralf R. Müller; Raymond Knopp

2007-01-01

306

Substitutes for procedural fairness: prototypical leaders are endorsed whether they are fair or not.  

PubMed

This article extends research on leader procedural fairness as well as the social identity model of leadership effectiveness (SIMOL) by demonstrating that leader prototypicality can act as a substitute for procedural fairness. Although procedural fairness in general and voice in particular have been found to have a robust positive influence on leader endorsement, the authors showed in an experimental scenario study and a correlational field study that the influence of voice on leader endorsement is substantially reduced when leaders are perceived as prototypical for the group that they lead and followers are highly identified with their group. Additionally, supportive of predictions of the SIMOL, leader prototypicality interacted with follower identification in predicting leader endorsement, such that prototypicality had a positive effect on leader endorsement, which was enhanced among high identifiers. Overall, these results suggest that leaders who are attuned to their followers' group identity can afford to go it alone, for the better or the worse. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2009 APA, all rights reserved). PMID:19186908

Ullrich, Johannes; Christ, Oliver; van Dick, Rolf

2009-01-01

307

Une équipe de recherches face aux problèmes de développement  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] A la demande des organisations professionnelles des Vosges, une équipe de recherches pluridisciplinaire a été constituée en vue d'analyser les principaux problèmes posés par le choix d'une politique de développement agricole pour ce département. . Après avoir rappelé les principales étapes de la démarche suivie par l'équipe de recherche (études analytiques, essai de synthèse présentée sous forme de «

M. Petit; J.-P. Deffontaines; A. Brun; P.-L. Osty

1974-01-01

308

Fair loss-tolerant quantum coin flipping  

SciTech Connect

Coin flipping is a cryptographic primitive in which two spatially separated players, who do not trust each other, wish to establish a common random bit. If we limit ourselves to classical communication, this task requires either assumptions on the computational power of the players or it requires them to send messages to each other with sufficient simultaneity to force their complete independence. Without such assumptions, all classical protocols are so that one dishonest player has complete control over the outcome. If we use quantum communication, on the other hand, protocols have been introduced that limit the maximal bias that dishonest players can produce. However, those protocols would be very difficult to implement in practice because they are susceptible to realistic losses on the quantum channel between the players or in their quantum memory and measurement apparatus. In this paper, we introduce a quantum protocol and we prove that it is completely impervious to loss. The protocol is fair in the sense that either player has the same probability of success in cheating attempts at biasing the outcome of the coin flip. We also give explicit and optimal cheating strategies for both players.

Berlin, Guido; Brassard, Gilles [Departement d'informatique et de recherche operationnelle, Universite de Montreal, CP 6128, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Bussieres, Felix [Laboratoire des fibres optiques, Departement de genie physique, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, CP 6079, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3A7 (Canada); Department of Physics and Astronomy and Institute for Quantum Information Science, University of Calgary, 2500 University Drive NW, Calgary, Alberta, T2N 1N4 (Canada); Godbout, Nicolas [Laboratoire des fibres optiques, Departement de genie physique, Ecole Polytechnique de Montreal, CP 6079, Succursale Centre-Ville, Montreal, Quebec, H3C 3A7 (Canada)

2009-12-15

309

Etude numerique du sillage tourbillonnaire d'une eolienne  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Cette these formalise le concept de la surface actuatrice (SA) et en presente l'implantation dans deux methodes de mecanique des fluides assistee par ordinateur (CFD) bidimensionnelle (2D) et tridimensionnelle (3D), la validation et l'application au probleme de modelisation du sillage tourbillonnaire d'une eolienne. En termes cinetiques, une SA est une nappe tourbillonnaire qui resulte en une discontinuite de vitesse tandis qu'en termes dynamiques, elle est associee a un systeme de forces dont la composante dans la direction normale a la SA resulte en une discontinuite de pression. Les methodes CFD utilisees sont des methodes aux volumes finis, adaptees pour prendre en compte l'action de la SA sur l'ecoulement. L'approche de la SA est validee pour des problemes 2D: aile infinie et disque actuateur, ainsi que pour le probleme 3D de l'aile en translation (aile effilee), avant d'etre appliquee a plusieurs eoliennes.

Sibuet Watters, Christophe

310

Lifetimes in 73 Se  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifetimes of 8 levels in73Se have been measured by the recoil distance Doppler shift technique via the reaction60Ni(16O, 2pn)73Se. Energies of negative and positive parity states as well asE 2 transition strengths are compared with theoretical values obtained from a symmetric rotor plus particle model and a triaxial rotor model.

A. Dewald; A. Gelberg; U. Kaup; R. Richter; K. O. Zell; P. von Brentano

1987-01-01

311

Fair Trade Flowers: Global Certification, Environmental Sustainability, and Labor Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes the organization of the fair trade flower industry, integration of Ecuadorian enterprises into these networks, and power of certification to address key environmental and social concerns on participating estates. Pursuing a social regulatory approach, I locate fair trade within the field of new institutions that establish…

Raynolds, Laura T.

2012-01-01

312

Science Fair Projects: Teaching Science or Something Else?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Frequently, science fair projects have little relevance to the goals of science. Criteria for judging projects are not evident to students, parents, judges, and other participants. Listed are seven steps to a better fair project which emphasize methodology and presentation. Also included are hints for involving parents. (DC)

Cornell, Elizabeth A.

1981-01-01

313

The Need to Explore: Nonexperimental Science Fair Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

For the sake of grade school entrants in particular, nonexperimental science fair projects should be encouraged and accepted for science fairs. Support for this approach is given along with several suggestions for projects. Guidelines for judging nonexperimental projects are also included. (DH)

McNay, Margaret

1985-01-01

314

Principles for Fair Student Assessment Practices for Education in Canada  

Microsoft Academic Search

Developed in response to examples of unacceptable assessment practices, the Principles for Fair Student Assessment Practices for Education in Canada contains a set of principles and guidelines generally accepted by professional organisations as indicative of fair assessment practice within the Canadian educational context. Assessments depend on professional judgment: the ’Principles’ identify the issues to consider in exercising this professional judgment

W. Todd Rogers

1996-01-01

315

Packet Scheduling Algorithms with Fairness Control for CDMA Reverse Link  

Microsoft Academic Search

A larger amount of works has been reported for forward link CDMA scheduling compared to its reverse link case. In this paper, we propose generalized proportional fair (GPF) scheduling algorithms for uplink CDMA packet services, which have the ability to control the degree of fairness (DoF). We first establish a framework for GPF scheduling in wireless networks which render a

Jaehwi Shin; Youngnam Han; Seokhun Kim

2008-01-01

316

Fair end-to-end window-based congestion control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: In this paper, we demonstrate the existence of fair end-to-end window-based congestioncontrol protocols for packet-switched networks with FCFS routers. Our de#nition of fairnessgeneralizes proportional fairness and includes arbitrarily close approximations of max-minfairness. The protocols use only information that is available to end hosts and are designedto converge reasonably fast.

Jeonghoon Mo; Jean C. Walrand

2000-01-01

317

Assessing Statistical Aspects of Test Fairness with Structural Equation Modelling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Test fairness and test bias are not synonymous concepts. Test bias refers to statistical evidence that the psychometrics or interpretation of test scores depend on group membership, such as gender or race, when such differences are not expected. A test that is grossly biased may be judged to be unfair, but test fairness concerns the broader, more…

Kline, Rex B.

2013-01-01

318

Development of Teachers' Attitude Scale towards Science Fair  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study was conducted to develop a new scale for measuring teachers' attitude towards science fair. Teacher Attitude Scale towards Science Fair (TASSF) is an inventory made up of 19 items and five dimensions. The study included such stages as literature review, the preparation of the item pool and the reliability and validity analysis. First…

Tortop, Hasan Said

2013-01-01

319

The Science Fair: A New Look at an Old Tradition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|As a science teacher educator and former science teacher, the author has long known that the science fair should be part of his professional experience, but he had not given it much thought until recently. As he worked with his daughter's project, he became convinced that it is time to reconsider the range of activities one calls "science fairs."…

McComas, William F.

2011-01-01

320

Non-Traditional Characteristics of a Successful Science Fair Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science fairs offer students the opportunity to develop skills in inquiry, writing research proposals, working with peers, verifying results, and sharing experimental findings. However, the science fair itself does not necessarily translate into a student's attainment of such skills. Project quality and a student's successful achievement of good…

Sumrall, William; Schillinger, Don

2004-01-01

321

Students Inspiring Students: An Online Tool for Science Fair Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|One goal of 21st-century education is to develop mature citizens who can identify issues, solve problems, and communicate solutions. What better way for students to learn these skills than by participating in a science and engineering fair? Fair participants face the same challenges as professional scientists and engineers, even Nobel laureates.…

Seeman, Jeffrey I.; Lawrence, Tom

2011-01-01

322

Teaching in Science and Career Fairs: An Application using Dolls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on the setting of a science and career fair; and discusses the use of cultural artifacts. Examines the use of folk dolls in a science and career fair. Includes background information and addresses the reasons for using the dolls. Includes references. (CMK)|

Berry, E. Helen

2001-01-01

323

The Road to Stress-Free Science Fairs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|While few disagree that science fair projects have great potential for student learning, the preparation and execution of projects can be stressful for teachers, students, and parents alike. While working as a fourth-grade teacher, the author's goal was to provide students with a science fair experience minus the pressure of trying to figure out…

Carrier, Sarah J.

2006-01-01

324

Fair Trade Tourism South Africa: consumer virtue or moral selving?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The academic focus on tourism impacts has raised questions regarding stakeholder responsibility. From a consumption perspective, many ethical consumers, by enacting their political and moral concerns through their consumer choice demonstrate their virtuous qualities and at the same time construct themselves as ethical. Ethical consumption and the consumption of Fairtrade, Fair Trade Tourism and Fair Trade Tourism South Africa (FTTSA)

Karla Aileen Boluk

2011-01-01

325

Perceptions of People with Disabilities: When is Accommodation Fair?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We experimentally examined fairness perceptions of accommodating people with disabilities by manipulating the granting of an accommodation, reward structure, and the best performer on a word search task. Data from 134 undergraduate students indicated that granting an accommodation was seen as less fair than not granting it, that having a person with a disability excel in performance was seen as

Ramona L. Paetzold; María Fernanda García; Adrienne Colella; Lily Run Ren; María del Carmen Triana; Monique Ziebro

2008-01-01

326

Drug Testing and Procedural Fairness: The Influence of Situational Variables  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the effect of four variables (i.e., interpersonal treatment, organizational reputation, testing context, and consequence of testing) on perceptions of the procedural fairness of a drug-testing program. Main effects for each of these variables on perceptions of procedural fairness were expected. In addition, interactions were predicted between interpersonal treatment and organizational reputation, testing context and consequence, and testing

Maureen L. Ambrose

2000-01-01

327

An Adaptive Fairness Control Model in Wireless Sensor Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Transmitting data to base station is the important task in wireless sensor network. Fairness control aims at sharing the equal bandwidth of all of data source node. Different event has the different priority in the wireless sensor network. The expectation reliability of event represents the priority of the event in this paper. An adaptive fairness definition is proposed based on

Kuang Zhufang; Yang Guogui

2009-01-01

328

The Majors Fair: Helping College Students Decide on Majors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Majors Fair is a campus event that showcases academic departments and programs for undergraduate college students deciding majors and minors. Including elements of career counseling, academic advising, and peer mentoring, the purpose of the Majors Fair is to provide information needed for decision making through easy access to faculty, staff,…

Berg-Kolin, Helene; Krueger, Gretchen; Thomas-Clark, Cheryl; Finck, Brian

329

The fair: Experimental psychology for high school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discusses the college psychology fair as a vehicle for providing the public with a view of experimental psychology. In the 1-day fair for high school students and teachers described here, psychology students prepared demonstrations and exhibits depicting most areas of psychology. Such exhibits can assist in balancing the nonexperimental nature of most high school psychology courses.

Ludy T. Benjamin; Clifford L. Fawl; Marty Klein

1977-01-01

330

Fair Game-Theoretic Resource Management in Dedicated Grids  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study two problems directly resulting from organi- zational decentralization of the Grid. Firstly, the problem of fair scheduling in systems in which the grid scheduler has complete control of processors' schedules. Secondly, the problem of fair and feasible scheduling in decentralized case, in which the grid scheduler can only suggest a sched- ule, which can be later modified by

Krzysztof Rzadca; Denis Trystram; Adam Wierzbicki

2007-01-01

331

19 CFR 147.13 - Transfer to fair building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 false Transfer to fair building. 147.13 Section 147.13 Customs...Importation § 147.13 Transfer to fair building. (a) Immediate delivery. The...of the articles covered thereby to the buildings in which they are to be exhibited...

2013-04-01

332

Fair trade and ethical trade: are there moves towards convergence?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair trade and ethical trade have traditionally had quite different aims, scope and modalities, the former principally focused on terms of trade with small scale producers and the latter on working conditions in mainstream production. Global value chain analysis suggests that this coincided with different forms of governance in the chain: fair trade reflecting relational governance based on trust and

Sally Smith; Stephanie Barrientos

2005-01-01

333

Fair Trade: Social Regulation in Global Food Markets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article analyzes the theoretical and empirical parameters of social regulation in contemporary global food markets, focusing on the rapidly expanding Fair Trade initiative. Fair Trade seeks to transform North/South relations by fostering ethical consumption, producer empowerment, and certified commodity sales. This initiative joins an array…

Raynolds, Laura T.

2012-01-01

334

Leadership and fairness: Taking stock and looking ahead  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognizing that leader fairness is an important concern to employees, leadership research is increasingly engaging with insights from the study of organizational justice. This special issue provides a state of the art selection of research in the emerging field of leadership and fairness. This introductory article provides a brief outline of this emerging field of research and introduces the studies

Daan van Knippenberg; David de Cremer

2008-01-01

335

Benefit-Cost Economics of the FAIR Act  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Agricultural Market Transition Act (AMTA) title of the 1996 FAIR Act is a novel departure in farm policy. Its fixed payments, no acreage set-asides, and avoidance of CCC commodity stockpiles provide a possible means of transition to a market-based agriculture that would not require governmental intervention to prop up the agricultural economy. Some now argue that the FAIR Act

Bruce L. Gardner

336

The Dtmb Mark 1 Cable-Fairing Restrainer.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The DTMB Mark 1 Cable-Fairing Restrainer was developed for cable-towed-body systems that use TMB T-3 (modified no. 7) rubber cable fairing and 1.34-inch-diameter towcable. This restrainer was designed to eliminate breaking, bunching, and kiting of the tow...

A. P. Brisbane

1965-01-01

337

How to Do Research Fairly in an Unjust World  

Microsoft Academic Search

International research, sponsored by for-profit companies, is regularly criticised as unethical on the grounds that it exploits research subjects in developing countries. Many commentators agree that exploitation occurs when the benefits of cooperative activity are unfairly distributed between the parties. To determine whether international research is exploitative we therefore need an account of fair distribution. Procedural accounts of fair bargaining

Angela J. Ballantyne

2010-01-01

338

Is School Funding Fair? A National Report Card  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building a more accurate, reliable and consistent method of analyzing how states fund public education starts with a critical question: What is fair school funding? In this report, "fair" school funding is defined as a state finance system that ensures equal educational opportunity by providing a sufficient level of funding distributed to…

Baker, Bruce D.; Sciarra, David G.; Farrie, Danielle

2010-01-01

339

The Fair Trade Movement: Parameters, Issues and Future Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Fair Trade has been in existence for more than 40 years, discussion in the business and business ethics literature of this unique trading and campaigning movement between Southern producers and Northern buyers and consumers has been limited. This paper seeks to redress this deficit by providing a description of the characteristics of Fair Trade, including definitional issues, market size

Geoff Moore

2004-01-01

340

Science Fairs in the Eighth, Seventh, or Sixth Grades?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents comments on problems voiced by teachers about conducting science fairs with middle school children, also cites some advantages of science fairs. A list of simple experiments is offered that are considered within the interests and intellectual range of middle school children. (Author/EB)

Knapp, John, II

1975-01-01

341

Income Tax Fairness and the Taxpayers' Compliance in Jordan  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is to know how income taxpayers perceive the Jordanian income tax fairness and to determine the degree of income taxpayers' compliance in Jordan. Moreover, the study aims to investigate the effect of income tax fairness on taxpayers' compliance degree in Jordan. An empirical survey using self-administered questionnaire has been carried out to achieve the objectives

Mohammed Ibrahim; Mohamed Abdullah

2008-01-01

342

A comparison of four strategies to promote fair trade products  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is, first, to assess the influence of four promotional strategies on students' purchase intention for fair trade coffee; and second to examine the effect of attractiveness and credibility of two university sports celebrities on purchase intention for fair-trade coffee in a campus convenience store. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A survey of 100 college students at

Shih-Mei Chen; Patricia Huddleston

2009-01-01

343

Guidelines for empirically assessing the fairness of a lineup  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues regarding the fairness of lineups used for criminal identification are discussed in the context of a distinction between nominal size and functional size. Nominal size (the number of persons in the lineup) is less important for determining the fairness of a lineup than is functional size (the number of lineup members resembling the criminal). Functional size decreases to the

Gary L. Wells; Michael R. Leippe; Thomas M. Ostromw

1979-01-01

344

Interactional fairness judgments: The influence of causal accounts  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been an increasing amount of research conducted on issues of procedural justice. Although this research has demonstrated that the type of procedure used to allocate outcomes has an independent influence on people's judgments of the fairness of a decision, there is growing empirical evidence that such judgments are influenced by the enactment of the procedure as well. Fairness

Robert J. Bies; Debra L. Shapiro

1987-01-01

345

Going Mainstream: Fair trade in Germany and England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair trade is an alternative system of trade which guarantees that producers in the developing world are given a price for their goods that at least covers the amount it cost them to produce the goods plus provides an additional profit. In a fair trade arrangement, importers cut out the ?middlemen? and work more directly with farmers and farmers' groups

Ellen Roggemann

2004-01-01

346

More on benchmarks of fairness: response to Ballantyne.  

PubMed

This paper challenges the fitness of Angela Ballantyne's proposed theory of exploitation by situating her 'fair risk account' in an ongoing dialogue about the adequacy conditions for benchmarks of fairness. It identifies four adequacy conditions: (1) the ability to focus on level rather than type of benefit; (2) the ability to focus on micro-level rather than macro-level fairness; (3) the ability to prevent discrimination based on need; and (4) the ability to prescribe a certain distribution as superior to all others. While the fair risk account satisfies the first condition, this paper argues that it has difficulty satisfying the last three conditions. Ballantyne's proposal includes several new and promising features, but in order for the fair risk account to be useful in identifying and preventing exploitation, Ballantyne must either clarify and augment her theory or challenge the relevance of the adequacy conditions it fails to meet. PMID:20459429

Phillips, Trisha

2010-05-10

347

Development of a Tracking System of Exotic Nuclear Beams for FAIR  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New accelerators like SPIRAL2 (GANIL, France) or FAIR (GSI, Germany) will be soon constructed, and they will be able to produce radioactive ion beams (RIB) with high intensities of current (>=106 pps). These beams, at low energy, lower than 20 MeV/n, usually have high emittance, which imposes the use of tracking detectors before the target in order to reconstruct the trajectory of the ions. The group of Nuclear Physics at CNA (Centro Nacional de Aceleradores), is in charge of developing a tracking system for the low energy branch of FAIR (the HISPEC/DESPEC project). A collaboration with CEA-SACLAY was established, with the aim of developing, building and testing low pressure Secondary electron Detectors (SeD). Within this proposal we have projected and constructed a new Nuclear Physics Line in the CNA in order to be able to receive any kind of detector tests and the associated nuclear instruments.

Fernández, B.; Pancin, J.; Abou-Haidar, Z.; Alvarez, M. A. G.; Drouart, A.; Kebbiri, M.; Riallot, M.

2010-04-01

348

Development of a Tracking System of Exotic Nuclear Beams for FAIR  

SciTech Connect

New accelerators like SPIRAL2 (GANIL, France) or FAIR (GSI, Germany) will be soon constructed, and they will be able to produce radioactive ion beams (RIB) with high intensities of current (>=10{sup 6} pps). These beams, at low energy, lower than 20 MeV/n, usually have high emittance, which imposes the use of tracking detectors before the target in order to reconstruct the trajectory of the ions. The group of Nuclear Physics at CNA (Centro Nacional de Aceleradores), is in charge of developing a tracking system for the low energy branch of FAIR (the HISPEC/DESPEC project). A collaboration with CEA-SACLAY was established, with the aim of developing, building and testing low pressure Secondary electron Detectors (SeD). Within this proposal we have projected and constructed a new Nuclear Physics Line in the CNA in order to be able to receive any kind of detector tests and the associated nuclear instruments.

Fernandez, B.; Abou-Haidar, Z.; Alvarez, M. A. G. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Universidad de Sevilla, 41012 Sevilla (Spain); CNA-Centro Nacional de Aceleradores, Universidad de Sevilla, 41092 Sevilla (Spain); Pancin, J. [GANIL-Caen (France); Drouart, A.; Kebbiri, M.; Riallot, M. [CEA-Saclay (France)

2010-04-26

349

Fair Labor Standards: Federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, As Amended. Legal Modules for Vocational Cooperative Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for use by cooperative education program coordinators, this module deals with fair labor standards as they are specified in the amended version of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. The module, which is designed to be a self-paced instructional package, includes a pre-test, answer key, scoring instructions, a reinforcement…

Western Michigan Univ., Kalamazoo.

350

Students' Sources of Motivation for Participating in Science Fairs: An Exploratory Study within the Canada-Wide Science Fair 2008  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Science fairs have been for many years a popular school activity in North America. They are a venue for the popularization of science and consequently an important encouragement for the pursuit of careers in science or engineering. However, little is known about students' perceived motives for participating in local or national science fairs and…

Dionne, Liliane; Reis, Giuliano; Trudel, Louis; Guillet, Gabriel; Kleine, Leonard; Hancianu, Corina

2012-01-01

351

77 FR 69651 - Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market Rent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Final Fair Market Rents for the Housing Choice Voucher Program for Small Area Fair Market...notice publishes the FMRs for the Housing Choice Voucher (HCV) Program for those PHAs...primary goal of improving tenants' housing choices in areas of opportunity while also...

2012-11-20

352

Proportional-fair power allocation with CDF-based scheduling for fair and efficient multiuser OFDM systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate adaptive resource allocation schemes in multiuser OFDM systems for fair share of resources and efficient operation. We employ the CDF-based scheduling (CS) algorithm for the subcarrier allocation, taking advantage of its distinctive feature of analyzability and multiuser diversity. Noting that conventional power allocation schemes do not exhibit efficient and fair operations in heterogeneous user channel

Hanbyul Seo; Byeong Gi Lee

2006-01-01

353

Étude de dispositifs optiques à microcavité verticale pour une émission laser polarisée  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nous rapportons la caractérisation d'un VCSEL fonctionnant à 1.55 ? m en pompage optique et à température ambiante. Ce composant est constitué d'une zone active à base de puits quantiques épitaxié sur substrat InP et de deux miroirs diélectriques. La croissance de nouvelles structures quantiques, se présentant sous forme de fils, a été réalisée en épitaxie par jets moléculaires. L'étude de ces structures quantiques semble indiquer des propriétés intéressantes pour obtenir un VCSEL stable en polarisation.

Levallois, C.; Caroff, P.; Paranthoen, C.; Dehaese, O.; Le Corre, A.; Folliot, H.; Loualiche, S.

2006-10-01

354

Le recours à l’Aide complémentaire santé : les enseignements d’une expérimentation sociale à Lille  

Microsoft Academic Search

Le dispositif de l’Aide complémentaire santé (ACS) a été mis en place au 1er janvier 2005 afin d’inciter les ménages dont le niveau de vie se situe juste au dessus du plafond CMU-C à acquérir une couverture complémentaire santé (CS). Même si le nombre de bénéficiaires a lentement progressé depuis son introduction, le recours à l’ACS reste faible. Deux hypothèses

Sophie Guthmuller; Florence Jusot; Jérôme Wittwer; Caroline Despres

2010-01-01

355

Transport de particules massives dans un fluide turbulent: Application a l'erosion due au sable sur les parois d'une turbine hydraulique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Le transport de particules massives par un champ turbulent est un vaste domaine de la mécanique des fluides. Il possède de nombreuses applications comme par exemple le transport de sable dans une turbine hydraulique. En raison de la dureté des grains de quartz et des grandes vitesses de collision avec les parois métalliques, un phénomène d'érosion intensif se produit. Les

Stephen Bergeron

1999-01-01

356

Une France un peu plus sportive qu'il y a vingt ans... grâce aux femmes  

Microsoft Academic Search

[fre] Contrairement à une idée répandue, tout le monde ne fait pas de sport. Moins d'un Français sur deux a pratiqué une activité sportive au moins une fois en 1988 et seulement un sur cinq une fois par semaine. . En vingt ans, la France est seulement devenue un peu plus sportive et la palette des sports s'est agrandie. Les

Pascal Garrigues

1989-01-01

357

Properties of ZnSe crystals doped with phosphorus  

SciTech Connect

Preparation of ZnSe crystals that would exhibit hole conduction and dominant edge luminescence at 300 K is vital for optoelectronic applications. To solve this problem, several interrelated methods for producing p-type conductivity in ZnSe are now used: ion implantation of Group I and V elements, annealing in elemental Se vapor molecular beam epitaxy, and annealing in Se melt with Li additions. Doping of n-type ZnSe crystals with acceptor impurities via high-temperature diffusion is not utilized for this purpose, first, because it provides relatively low hole conductivity and, second, because the resultant crystals exhibit mainly long-wavelength, red-orange emission at 300 K. At the same time, the results presented demononstrate that, under certain conditions, the diffusion method can be used to obtain p-type ZnSe with fairly intense edge emission.

Makhnii, E.V.; Mel`nik, V.V. [Fed`kovich State Univ., Chernovtsy (Ukraine)

1995-10-01

358

Active structural-acoustic control for composite payload fairings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Launch loads, both mechanical and acoustic, are the prime driver of spacecraft structural design. Passive approaches for acoustic attenuation are limited in their low frequency effectiveness by constraints on total fairing mass and payload volume constraints. Active control offers an attractive approach for low frequency acoustic noise attenuation inside the payload fairing. Smart materials such as piezoceramics can be exploited as actuators for structural-acoustic control. In one active approach, structural actuators are attached to the walls of the fairing and measurements from structural sensors and/or acoustic sensors are fed back to the actuators to reduce the transmission of acoustic energy into the inside of the payload fairing. In this paper, structural-acoustic modeling and test results for a full scale composite launch vehicle payload fairing are presented. These analytical and experimental results fall into three categories: structural modal analysis, acoustic modal analysis, and coupled structural-acoustic transmission analysis. The purpose of these analysis and experimental efforts is to provide data and validated models that will be used for active acoustic control of the payload fairing. In the second part of the paper, this closed-loop acoustic transmission reduction is implemented and measured on a full-scale composite payload fairing.

Glaese, Roger M.; Anderson, Eric H.

1999-06-01

359

Émission d'une nouvelle monnaie nationaleproblèmes stratégiques, institutionnels et techniques  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ces dernières années, un certain nombre de pays issus de l'ex-URSS et de pays d'Europe centrale ont accédé à l'indépendance ou recouvré leur indépendance. Beaucoup ont décidé d'émettre leur propre monnaie et d'autres vont probablement le faire. Cette étude se propose de tirer les leçons de ces changements - et d'autres du même genre qui les ont précédés - afin

Richard Abrams; Hernán Cortés-Douglas

1993-01-01

360

Reputational Implications of Procedural Fairness for Personal and Relational Self-Esteem  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four studies showed that procedural fairness (fair vs. unfair treatment by an authority figure) has reputational implications for personal and relational self-esteem. Participants relied on procedural fairness to infer their reputation, especially when they were identifiable (Study 1). Furthermore, concern for reputation moderated the influence of procedural fairness on self-esteem: Variations in procedural fairness were more strongly associated with the

David De Cremer; Constantine Sedikides

2008-01-01

361

Design of Fair Weights for Heterogeneous Traffic Scheduling in Multichannel Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fair weights have been implemented to maintain fairness in recent resource allocation schemes. However, designing fair weights for multiservice wireless networks is not trivial because users' rate requirements are heterogeneous and their channel gains are variable. In this paper, we design fair weights for opportunistic scheduling of heterogeneous traffic in orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) networks. The fair weights

Mehri Mehrjoo; Mohamad Khattar Awad; Mehrdad Dianati; Sherman X. Shen

2010-01-01

362

Aphtose buccale r?cidivante, et si c'?tait une maladie coeliaque  

PubMed Central

L'aphtose buccale récidivante est une maladie le plus souvent bénigne mais parfois invalidante qui évolue de façon chronique et récidivante. Elle peut être isolée ou associé à d'autre pathologie, d'où l'intérêt de la recherche d'une maladie sous jacente. Nous rapportons le cas d'une aphtose buccale récidivante révélant une maladie coeliaque chez une patiente âgée de 45 ans.

Zinelabidine, Kaoutar; Rhizlane, Idrissi; Meziane, Meriame; Zahra Mernissi, Fatima

2012-01-01

363

50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section 34.7 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED)...

2010-10-01

364

50 CFR 34.7 - Fair market value appraisals.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2009-10-01 2009-10-01 false Fair market value appraisals. 34.7 Section 34.7 Wildlife and Fisheries UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR (CONTINUED)...

2009-10-01

365

Department of Labor's Enforcement of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

GAO reviewed the actions taken to correct the problems in detecting and collecting wage underpayments that were identified in its 1981 report on the Department of Labor's enforcement of the Fair Labor Standards Act's minimum wage and overtime provisions. ...

1985-01-01

366

Changes Needed to Deter Violations of Fair Labor Standards Act.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report describes the Department of Labor's problems in administering the Fair Labor Standards Act and recommends legislative and administrative changes needed to deter recordkeeping, minimum wage, and overtime violations of the act and prevent employe...

1981-01-01

367

41 CFR 51-2.7 - Fair market price.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Management Other Provisions Relating to Public Contracts COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED 2-COMMITTEE FOR PURCHASE FROM PEOPLE WHO ARE BLIND OR SEVERELY DISABLED § 51-2.7 Fair market...

2013-07-01

368

Improving fairness in per-packet reservation MAC protocols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent and future communications networks have to provide QoS guarantees for a rapidly growing number of various telecommunication services, which can be ensured by application of an efficient MAC layer. Particularly, per-packet reservation MAC protocols are efficient ensuring a good network utilization and realization of QoS for various telecommunications services. However, per-packet reservation protocols suffers from an unfairness because network stations achieve different relative data throughput depending on the traffic characteristics of used services. A fair scheduling between network stations can be ensured if offered data rate per station is known, which is unfortunately not the case. In this investigation it is shown that the offered data rate can be successfully estimated by calculation of so-called effective requesting period per network station, which can be used for implementation of a fair scheduling mechanism. The results show a significant improvement of the fairness behavior in the network if the fair scheduling is applied.

Hrasnica, Halid

2005-10-01

369

Separation testing of the Titan IV 86-ft payload fairing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the successful testing of the 86-ft Titan IV payload fairing and the analysis effort used to predict structural response. The test article, test setup, and correlation of the structural dynamics model with test data are reviewed.

John F. Steinmeyer; John T. Hofeditz; John M. Brierley

1991-01-01

370

Separation testing of the Titan IV 86-ft payload fairing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the successful testing of the 86-ft Titan IV payload fairing and the analysis effort used to predict structural response. The test article, test setup, and correlation of the structural dynamics model with test data are reviewed.

Steinmeyer, John F.; Hofeditz, John T.; Brierley, John M.

371

32 CFR Appendix B to Part 513 - Standards of Fairness  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY AID OF CIVIL AUTHORITIES AND PUBLIC RELATIONS INDEBTEDNESS OF MILITARY PERSONNEL Pt. 513, App. B Appendix B to Part 513âStandards of Fairness...

2013-07-01

372

Performance Limits of Fair-Access in Underwater Sensor Networks.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper investigates fundamental performance limits of medium access control (MAC) protocols for particular underwater multi-hop sensor networks under a fair-access criterion requiring that sensors have an equal rate of underwater frame delivery to a b...

D. Du G. G. Xie J. Gibson M. Peng Y. Xiao

2009-01-01

373

Fairness and the Willingness to Accept Plea Bargain Offers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In contrast with the typical assumption in plea bargaining law and economics, we show defendants may reject plea offers based on fairness considerations. Specifically, offers where the sanction clearly appears excessive for the crime (\\

Avishalom Tor; Oren Gazal-Ayal; Stephen M. Garcia

2010-01-01

374

Evaluation of Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing in Region IV.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The effectiveness and impact of the Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Program were investigated. Multifamily housing occupancy data were examined and HUD personnel, management agents, and resident managers were interviewed in HUD Region IV. A majo...

1980-01-01

375

24 CFR 200.300 - Nondiscrimination and fair housing policy.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...housing requirements set forth in 24 CFR part 5, including the prohibition on inquiries regarding sexual orientation or gender identity set forth in 24 CFR 5.105(a)(2); and (b) The affirmative fair housing marketing requirements in 24...

2013-04-01

376

41 CFR 102-33.395 - What is FAIRS?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... FAIRS is a management information system operated by GSA (MTA) to collect, maintain, analyze, and report information...is available from GSA, Aircraft Management Policy Division (MTA), 1800 F Street, NW., Washington, DC...

2013-01-01

377

Experimental Determination of Hydrodynamic Loading for Ten Cable Fairing Models.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The David W. Taylor Naval Ship Research and Development Center has undertaken the measurement of the two-dimensional hydrodynamic loading on faired cable models as the first part of a program to improve towing configuration prediction capability. The expe...

R. Folb

1975-01-01

378

Case Study: Environmental Learning Fairs in Reading, Massachusetts.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In the Town of Reading, the authors chose to raise awareness, generate concern and stimulate children to action through one day environmental learning fairs at each of Reading's seven schools. Townspeople from many different sectors were part of the effor...

B. F. McAllister

1990-01-01

379

Fair value and original cost: The economic identity  

SciTech Connect

Indiana is a {open_quotes}fair value{close_quotes} state. According to Indiana statute, the public utility regulatory commission shall value the used and useful property of public utilities at its fair value, considering all valuations that may be presented for consideration. Recently, a number of utilities have advanced ratemaking proposals requesting earnings entitlements justified on the basis of fixed assets valued at replacement cost. According to the utilities, replacement cost is the appropriate measure of the fair market value of utility property. In support, utilities cite the {open_quotes}opportunity cost standard{close_quotes} - the sale of utility property at replacement cost, and the subsequent investment of all proceeds. According to the utilities, any approach to earnings determination that produces earnings less than that available under the opportunity cost standard does not compensate investors for the fair value of their property and confiscates investors` wealth.

Polito, J.

1995-12-31

380

Discuter de la pr?maturit? : une conduite ?thique possible  

PubMed Central

Le contexte éthique de la prématurité est particulier. Aujourd’hui, plusieurs intervenants s’engagent dans les soins des patients. De plus, les parents sont de mieux en mieux informés et demandent que l’on tienne compte de leurs opinions dans le choix thérapeutique offert à leur enfant prématuré naissant. Dans une telle situation, plusieurs principes éthiques entrent en jeu, dont la notion centrale de l’intérêt primordial de l’enfant. Il devrait être plus important de découvrir comment arriver à prendre une décision consensuelle entre les différents intervenants que de décider qui doit prendre la décision dans le contexte de la naissance à la limite de la viabilité. Cet article propose une description des étapes pouvant permettre une décision consensuelle.

Daboval, Thierry

2005-01-01

381

Une tumeur exceptionnelle du doigt: la tumeur fibreuse solitaire  

PubMed Central

La tumeur Fibreuse solitaire (TFS) est une prolifération fusocellulaire rare, souvent de localisation intra-thoracique. Nous rapportons le cas d'une localisation exceptionnelle au niveau du 3ème doigt de la main droite. En l'absence de marqueur spécifique l'interprétation de l'immuno-marquage dépend du contexte histo-morphologique. La similitude avec les différents néoplasmes à cellules fusiformes des tissus mous rend le diagnostic de ces tumeurs mésenchymateuses difficile et tardif. Dans 20à 30% des cas le comportement de la TFS est celui d'une tumeur maligne localement agressive et récidivante, avec des métastases rares et tardives. Ce comportement impose une surveillance prolongée après exérèse chirurgicale.

Harmouch, Taoufiq; Hamas, Nawal; Daoudi, Abdelkrim; Amarti, Afaf

2011-01-01

382

Active Queue Management for Fair Resource Allocation in Wireless Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the interaction between end-to-end flow control and MAC-layer scheduling on wireless links. We consider a wireless network with multiple users receiving information from a common access point; each user suffers fading, and a scheduler allocates the channel based on channel quality, but subject to fairness and latency considerations. We show that the fairness property of the scheduler

Lachlan L. H. Andrew; Stephen V. Hanly; Rami G. Mukhtar

2008-01-01

383

Achieving MAC layer fairness in wireless packet networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Link-layer fairness models that have been proposed for wireline and packet cellular networks cannot be generalized for shared channel wireless networks because of the unique characteristics of the wireless channel, such as location-dependent contention, inherent conflict between optimizing channel utilization and achieving fairness, and the absence of any centralized control.In this paper, we propose a general analytical framework that captures

Thyagarajan Nandagopal; Tae-Eun Kim; Xia Gao; Vaduvur Bharghavan

2000-01-01

384

Fairness in International Trade and Business Ethics: A Japanese Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Fairness in International Trade and Investment (FITI) project raised three questions. The purpose of this chapter is to\\u000a answer those three questions. With regard to the first question, we describe that although the Japanese Government considers\\u000a a part of the WTO process (the Dispute Settlement Body) to be fair and effective, it sees that the outcome of the WTO

Iwao Taka

385

Efficient ID-Based Optimistic Fair Exchange with Provable Security  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The notion of identity based cryptosystem was introduced by Shamir in 1984, and has attracted much interest since it eliminates\\u000a the need of certificates and simplify the key management. In this paper, we propose an optimistic fair exchange protocol for\\u000a identity-based signatures. A semi-trust third party (ttp) is still involved in our protocol to ensure fairness. However, there is no

Zhenfeng Zhang; Dengguo Feng; Jing Xu; Yongbin Zhou

2005-01-01

386

An Examination of the Perceived Fairness of Workplace Romance Policies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fairness perceptions regarding several workplace romance policies (i.e., no action, counsel, verbal reprimand, written warning, transfer, terminate) applied to different types of couples (e.g., lateral vs. hierarchical) in a variety of situations (e.g., couple's performance improves vs. declines) were examined. We found the counsel policy was perceived more fair than any other policy. Stricter workplace romance policies (verbal reprimand, written

Katherine A. Karl; Cynthia L. Sutton

2000-01-01

387

Fair Trade in Italy: Too Much ‘Movement’ in the Shop?  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyse the development of Fair Trade in Italy by examining its principles, structure, performance, dilemmas and potential\\u000a solutions and identifying its main distinctive features. These lead us to develop a specifically Italian model. Fair Trade\\u000a in Italy is younger than its more established North European counterparts and more focussed on broad social justice issues\\u000a in addition to its concern

Leonardo Becchetti; Marco Costantino

2010-01-01

388

Acoustic fill factors for a 120 inch diameter fairing  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Data from the acoustic test of a 120-inch diameter payload fairing were collected and an analysis of acoustic fill factors were performed. Correction factors for obtaining a weighted spatial average of the interior sound pressure level (SPL) were derived based on this database and a normalized 200-inch diameter fairing database. The weighted fill factors were determined and compared with statistical energy analysis (VAPEPS code) derived fill factors. The comparison is found to be reasonable.

Lee, Y. Albert

1992-09-01

389

Regents Guide to Understanding Copyright and Educational Fair Use  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Regents Guide to Copyright and Educational Fair Use, adopted by the Regents of the University System of Georgia, is the most comprehensive statement on copyright and educational fair use ever adopted by a major university system. The purpose of this comment is to provide a brief background for readers and users of the document.\\u000aThe Regents Copyright Committee, appointed

L. Ray Patterson

1997-01-01

390

Fair Bandwidth Allocation in Optical Burst Switching Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Optical burst switching (OBS) is a promising switching technology for next-generation Internet backbone networks. One of the design challenges is how to provide fair bandwidth allocation in OBS networks; the schemes proposed for general store-and-forward IP switching networks can not be used because of the non-buffering and un-fully utilized bandwidth characteristics of OBS networks. We propose a rate fairness preemption

Tananun Orawiwattanakul; Yusheng Ji; Yongbing Zhang; Jie Li

2009-01-01

391

Fair Trade Coffee and Human Rights in Guatemala  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores how the fair trade coffee market translates consumer action and shopping habits into the promotion of\\u000a human rights in distant locales. This process does not occur through direct producer–consumer contact. Instead, it is channeled\\u000a through two interrelated avenues. First, the fair trade certification system which requires producer groups to be democratic,\\u000a transparent, and accountable and second, the

Sarah Lyon

2007-01-01

392

Fair prioritized scheduling in an input-buffered switch  

Microsoft Academic Search

The rapid growth of inter-networking and the popularity of ATM have resulted in a need for high-speed low-cost network components. This paper presents a new algorithm, Fair Arbitrated Round Robin (FARR), for scheduling the crossbar of a high-speed input-buffered switch. FARR respects virtual circuit (VC) priorities and has per-VC fairness properties that have previously only been achieved in output-buffered switches.

Carsten Lund; Steven Phillips; Nick Reingold

1996-01-01

393

Une utilisation de la modélisation qualitative pour la planification pédagogique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dans cet article, nous présentons une technique de planification pédagogique basée sur une séparation entre les connaissances et les mécanismes d'inférence. La modélisation qualitative est utilisée pour représenter les connaissances. Le modéle, qui n'inclut pas de contrôle pédagogique, n'impose pas un ordonnancement de tâches a priori. II fournit des critères d'évaluation du travail de l'élève permettant 1'adaptation. Le contrôle est

Frédéric Blanc

1996-01-01

394

Pour une retraite choisie : l'emploi des seniors  

Microsoft Academic Search

En France, l'emploi des seniors est en panne, tandis que nos voisins européens ont mieux réussi dans ce domaine depuis le milieu des années 1990. Existe-t-il une spécificité, voire une fatalité française, ou nos réformes sont-elles inadaptées, donc inopérantes? Cet opuscule propose d'aller beaucoup plus loin dans les politiques d'incitation à la prolongation d'activité, encore bien timides en France. Il

Jean-Olivier Hairault; François Langot; Thepthida Sopraseuth

395

The flexible fairness: equality, earned entitlement, and self-interest.  

PubMed

The current study explored whether earned entitlement modulated the perception of fairness in three experiments. A preliminary resource earning task was added before players decided how to allocate the resource they jointly earned. Participants' decision in allocation, their responses to equal or unequal offers, whether advantageous or disadvantageous, and subjective ratings of fairness were all assessed in the current study. Behavioral results revealed that participants proposed more generous offers and showed enhanced tolerance to disadvantageous unequal offers from others when they performed worse than their presumed "partners," while the reverse was true in the better-performance condition. The subjective ratings also indicated the effect of earned entitlement, such that worse performance was associated with higher perceived feelings of fairness for disadvantageous unequal offers, while better performance was associated with higher feelings of fairness for advantageous unequal offers. Equal offers were considered "fair" only when earned entitlement was even between two parties. In sum, the perception of fairness is modulated by an integration of egalitarian motivation and entitlement. In addition to justice principles, participants were also motivated by self-interest, such that participants placed more weight on entitlement in the better-performance condition than in the worse-performance condition. These results imply that earned entitlement is evaluated in a self-serving way. PMID:24039867

Feng, Chunliang; Luo, Yi; Gu, Ruolei; Broster, Lucas S; Shen, Xueyi; Tian, Tengxiang; Luo, Yue-Jia; Krueger, Frank

2013-09-09

396

The Flexible Fairness: Equality, Earned Entitlement, and Self-Interest  

PubMed Central

The current study explored whether earned entitlement modulated the perception of fairness in three experiments. A preliminary resource earning task was added before players decided how to allocate the resource they jointly earned. Participants’ decision in allocation, their responses to equal or unequal offers, whether advantageous or disadvantageous, and subjective ratings of fairness were all assessed in the current study. Behavioral results revealed that participants proposed more generous offers and showed enhanced tolerance to disadvantageous unequal offers from others when they performed worse than their presumed “partners,” while the reverse was true in the better-performance condition. The subjective ratings also indicated the effect of earned entitlement, such that worse performance was associated with higher perceived feelings of fairness for disadvantageous unequal offers, while better performance was associated with higher feelings of fairness for advantageous unequal offers. Equal offers were considered “fair” only when earned entitlement was even between two parties. In sum, the perception of fairness is modulated by an integration of egalitarian motivation and entitlement. In addition to justice principles, participants were also motivated by self-interest, such that participants placed more weight on entitlement in the better-performance condition than in the worse-performance condition. These results imply that earned entitlement is evaluated in a self-serving way.

Gu, Ruolei; Broster, Lucas S.; Shen, Xueyi; Tian, Tengxiang; Luo, Yue-Jia; Krueger, Frank

2013-01-01

397

29 CFR 785.49 - Applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.49 Section 785...Applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. (a) Section 6. Section 6 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29...

2010-07-01

398

29 CFR 785.49 - Applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. 785.49 Section 785...Applicable provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act. (a) Section 6. Section 6 of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 (29...

2013-07-01

399

12 CFR 702.402 - Full and fair disclosure of financial condition.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Full and fair disclosure of financial condition...CORRECTIVE ACTION Reserves § 702.402 Full and fair disclosure of financial condition. (a) Full and fair disclosure defined....

2013-01-01

400

78 FR 38070 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing (AFHM) Plan  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Information Collection: Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...Information Officer, HUD. ACTION: Notice...and HUD-935.2C Affirmative Fair Housing Marketing...applicant's proposed actions to carry out the Affirmative Fair Housing...

2013-06-25

401

40 CFR 33.404 - When must a recipient negotiate fair share objectives with EPA?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...must a recipient negotiate fair share objectives with EPA? 33.404 Section 33...PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS Fair Share Objectives § 33.404 When must a recipient negotiate fair share objectives with EPA? A recipient must...

2009-07-01

402

Core stateless fair queueing: a scalable architecture to approximate fair bandwidth allocations in high-speed networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

Router mechanisms designed to achieve fair bandwidth allocations, such as Fair Queueing, have many desirable properties for congestion control in the Internet. However, such mechanisms usually need to maintain state, manage buffers, and\\/or perform packet scheduling on a per-flow basis, and this complexity may prevent them from being cost-effectively implemented and widely deployed. In this paper, we propose an architecture

Ion Stoica; Scott Shenker; Hui Zhang

2003-01-01

403

Biochemical and Genetic Characterization of the Two-Peptide Bacteriocin Enterocin 1071 Produced by Enterococcus faecalis FAIR-E 309  

PubMed Central

The structural genes for the two-peptide bacteriocin enterocin 1071 (Ent1071) in Enterococcus faecalis FAIR-E 309 were cloned. DNA sequence analysis showed that the enterocin 1071A (Ent1071A) peptide of strain FAIR-E 309 differed by two amino acids from the Ent1071A reported for E. faecalis BFE 1071 (E. Balla, L. M. T. Dicks, M. Du Toit, M. J. van der Merwe, and W. H. Holzapfel, Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 66:1298-1304, 2000), while the Ent1071B gene encoded identical peptides in these strains. However, resequencing of ent1071A from E. faecalis BFE 1071 showed that the Ent1071A peptide sequence reported previously was incorrect in two amino acids. Also, ent1071B in E. faecalis FAIR-E 309 encoded a prepeptide that was three amino acids shorter than that previously reported for E. faecalis BFE 1071 Ent1071B. A presumptive immunity gene (eni1071) was located downstream of the bacteriocin structural genes. This gene was cloned into the heterologous host E. faecalis ATCC 19433 and was shown to confer immunity. A truncated ABC transporter gene was located upstream of the Ent1071 structural genes.

Franz, Charles M. A. P.; Grube, Alexandra; Herrmann, Anette; Abriouel, Hikmate; Starke, Joachim; Lombardi, Angiolella; Tauscher, Bernhard; Holzapfel, Wilhelm H.

2002-01-01

404

Les causes d'une récession  

Microsoft Academic Search

[spa] Causas de una recesión - Los países de la OCDE registraron, a partir de 1983, un crecimiento sostenido que alcanzô un porcentaje superior al 2,5%. En 1990 se inicia un retroceso : el crecimiento se situa en un porcentaje inferior al 2,5%. En 1991 esta inversion debería amplificarse con un crecimiento del orden de un 1%. . Las causas

Éric Dubois; Jean-Pierre Villetelle; Catherine Meunier

1991-01-01

405

Silence et divulgation dans des familles d'adolescents vivant avec le VIH depuis la naissance : une exploration qualitative  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIF : Les études ciblant les enfants nés avec le VIH se sont principalement intéressées à la période précédant l’annonce du diagnostic à l’enfant. L’objectif de cette étude est d’explorer les dynamiques de communication intrafamiliale suivant l’annonce du diagnostic. MÉTHODOLOGIE : Vingt-neuf jeunes (de dix à 18 ans) vivant avec le VIH depuis la naissance ont accordé des entrevues individuelles semi-dirigées portant sur : 1) le dévoilement du statut sérologique, 2) leurs relations familiales et 3) l’éducation sexuelle en milieu familial. Les témoignages ont fait l’objet d’une analyse de contenu. RÉSULTATS : Les jeunes ont appris en moyenne à l’âge de 11 ans leur diagnostic VIH+. La dynamique qui s’installe après cette annonce apparaît régie par le silence : les échanges qui s’ensuivent portent en majorité sur des questions relatives à la médication et à la prévention d’une transmission sexuelle du virus. Ce silence préserverait l’équilibre familial en occupant trois fonctions : protéger la mère d’un sentiment de culpabilité à l’égard de la transmission, assurer l’harmonie familiale, se sentir normal face aux autres. Le diagnostic de l’adolescent n’est généralement pas révélé à la famille élargie, préservant ainsi leur intégration au sein de la famille en les protégeant du rejet, de la trahison et du jugement. EXPOSÉ : Les fonctions du silence et du secret occupent une place stabilisatrice importante au sein de la famille. Toutefois, elles contribuent à isoler les adolescents d’une forme de soutien affectif dont ils ont pourtant besoin. Des pistes d’intervention sont suggérées.

Proulx-Boucher, Karene; Blais, Martin; Fernet, Mylene; Richard, Marie-Eve; Otis, Joanne; Josy Levy, Joseph; Samson, Johanne; Lapointe, Normand; Morin, Guylaine; Theriault, Jocelyne; Trottier, Germain

2011-01-01

406

Teaching Community Pediatrics: A Community Resource Fair for Residents  

PubMed Central

Background Pediatric residency programs are required to provide community and child advocacy experiences, but providing such community knowledge within the context of a busy, largely hospital-based training program can be challenging. Objective To assess the effectiveness of a community resource fair as a tool for increasing residents' knowledge of community-oriented care resources. Design/Methods We organized a community resource fair for pediatrics and family medicine residents. Exhibitors (n??=??31) represented a wide range of pediatric resources. An anonymous preassessment and postassessment was administered. Results Thirty-two trainees participated in the resource fair. On the basis of the preassessment, 62% (8 of 13) of the pediatrics residents reported that they had little or no knowledge about community resources, while 38% (5 of 13) were neutral; none felt somewhat or very knowledgeable. After the fair, 91% (10 of 11) of residents felt somewhat knowledgeable and 9% (1 of 11) felt very knowledgeable about community resources. Of the resident participants, 92% (12 of 13) found this to be a “worthwhile experience.” Conclusions The community resource fair provides an interactive format that brings residents and community organizations face-to-face to discuss what services are offered and how they can work together to coordinate patient care.

Keeley, Meg; Pappas, Diane

2010-01-01

407

Zoonotic fecal pathogens and antimicrobial resistance in county fair animals.  

PubMed

Livestock fairs present a unique opportunity for the public to experience close contact with animals, but may also expose people to zoonotic pathogens through contact with animal feces. The goal of this study was to screen cattle, sheep, goat, chicken, rabbit and horse feces from a livestock fair in California for the potentially zoonotic pathogens Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella, Campylobacter, Vibrio, Cryptosporidium and Giardia spp., as well as determining the level of antimicrobial resistance in E. coli and Salmonella. Notably, E. coli O157:H7 was reported for the first time in a pig at a county fair in California. Campylobacter jejuni as well as Salmonella enterica serovars Derby and Thompson were also isolated from pigs, cattle, sheep, goats or chickens, whereas horses and rabbits were negative for all target pathogens. The prevalence of antimicrobial resistance as well as multi-drug resistance patterns were highest for E. coli and Salmonella spp. cultured from pigs and chickens, were generally widespread but at lower levels for other animal groups, and included resistance to ampicillin and streptomycin, two antimicrobial drugs of importance for human medicine. This study provides data that highlight the importance of practicing good hygiene in livestock fair settings to avoid transmission of zoonotic microbes, particularly pathogens with antimicrobial resistance, to fair visitors and among animal populations. PMID:23260373

Roug, A; Byrne, B A; Conrad, P A; Miller, W A

2012-12-20

408

The Georgia State Fair, Macon, 1886-1960  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Seven decades ago, one "Jaydee the Great" wowed crowds at the Georgia State Fair in Macon with his high trapeze novelty act. That wasn't all that was happening at the State Fair of course and visitors with an interest in American history, entertainment, state fairs, and Georgia history will find plenty to hold their attention within this nice digital collection. The collection was created by the Digital Library of Georgia, and it documents the evolution of the state fair in Macon from 1886 to 1960. Here visitors can look over 150 black and white photographs, along with a selection of fliers advertising the fair. Most of the photographs depict county agricultural exhibits whose function was to promote a variety of farm produce and homemade items. The collection also has a number of photographs documenting community canning projects which took place during World War II. Visitors can search the collection via a search engine, or they may just wish to just browse around, which can be pretty fun as well.

409

Fairness modulates non-conscious facial mimicry in women  

PubMed Central

In societies with high cooperation demands, implicit consensus on social norms enables successful human coexistence. Mimicking other people's actions and emotions has been proposed as a means to synchronize behaviour, thereby enhancing affiliation. Mimicry has long been thought to be reflexive, but it has recently been suggested that mimicry might also be motivationally driven. Here, we show during an economic bargaining game that automatic happy mimicry of those making unfair offers disappears. After the bargaining game, when the proposers have acquired either a fair or unfair reputation, we observe increased angry mimicry of proposers with an unfair reputation and decreased angry mimicry of fair proposers. These findings provide direct empirical evidence that non-conscious mimicry is modulated by fairness. We interpret the present results as reflecting that facial mimicry in women functions conditionally, dependent on situational demands.

Hofman, Dennis; Bos, Peter A.; Schutter, Dennis J. L. G.; van Honk, Jack

2012-01-01

410

Justice- and fairness-related behaviors in nonhuman primates  

PubMed Central

A distinctive feature across human societies is our interest in justice and fairness. People will sometimes invest in extremely costly behavior to achieve fair outcomes for themselves and others. Why do people care so much about justice? One way to address this is comparatively, exploring behaviors related to justice and fairness in other species. In this paper, I review work exploring responses to inequity, prosocial behavior, and other relevant behaviors in nonhuman primates in an effort to understand both the potential evolutionary function of these behaviors and the social and ecological reasons for the individual differences in behavior. I also consider how these behaviors relate to human behavior, particularly in the case of experimental studies using games derived from experimental economics to compare nonhuman primates’ responses to those of humans in similar experimental conditions. These results emphasize the importance of a comparative approach to better understand the function and diversity of human behavior.

Brosnan, Sarah F.

2013-01-01

411

Procedural fairness in medical investigations and disciplinary proceedings.  

PubMed

In recent times, certain well-publicised cases involving allegations of inadequate and dangerous medical practice have led to a number of reviews into, and consequent changes to, the New South Wales medical regulatory and disciplinary system. The overwhelming focus has been upon both whether the existing system provided sufficient protection for the public from dangerous or under-performing medical practitioners and what was needed to ensure such protection. While the focus upon public protection is unquestionable and laudable, this still leaves considerable scope for ensuring a medical practitioner is afforded procedural fairness during the course of investigative and disciplinary processes. It is questionable whether procedural fairness is being afforded where to do so does not compromise the protection of the public. It is argued that only limited changes are required to create a system which affords procedural fairness without compromising the integrity of the system. PMID:19205311

Bowen, Timothy; Saxton, Andrew

2008-12-01

412

Use of health fairs to develop public health nursing competencies.  

PubMed

This paper describes a community-campus partnership for health education established through the effort of faculty, students, and the community. Health fairs designed to address issues of concern to a community agency were originally conducted with nursing students. This partnership between nursing and a community was expanded to include social work, physical therapy, and medical students. A shared learning experience was structured through the presentation of health fairs in collaboration with agencies in Burlington, Vermont. One goal of nursing education is to produce professionals who have the beginning competencies of public health nursing. Reflection on the process, relationships, and outcomes of the health fairs revealed that students attained these beginning competencies in all eight public health nursing competency domains. Combining community-campus partnerships and an interdisciplinary focus enabled nursing students to become more responsive to community needs and to learn to work collaboratively toward creating healthier communities, thus building skills required for public health nursing. PMID:16684193

Maltby, Hendrika

413

Fair Water Allocation in Complex International River Systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conflicts over water allocation in international freshwater systems are recurring phenomena, and climatic changes are likely to make existing problems worse in many parts of the world. Science-based proposals for water allocation frequently focus on allocating water to the economically most efficient purposes. In reality, allocation outcomes are often shaped by political and economic power, rather than considerations of economic efficiency. This paper develops a new approach to fair international water allocation in complex international freshwater systems. This approach covers both needs-based criteria - if acute water scarcity is present - and criteria for fair water allocation pertaining to relative gains in water-abundant situations. The usefulness of the approach is illustrated with a case study on the Zambezi River Basin (ZRB). Based on a hydrological model, and scenarios for water availability and demand in the ZRB until 2050, the paper shows how the waters of the ZRB could be allocated in a way that fairly distributes costs and benefits.

Beck, L.; Bernauer, T.

2011-12-01

414

Implementation and evaluation of church-based health fairs.  

PubMed

From a comprehensive, community health-needs assessment based on the Neuman Systems Model (Neuman, 1995), cardiovascular disease was identified as the priority health concern in one quadrant of a small Midwestern city. The Plan, Do, Check, Act program planning model (Dees & Garcia, 1995) was the basis for the planning, implementation, and evaluation of a mini cardiovascular health fair held at 3 churches. Congruence of the program planning model with the roles of the clinical specialist in community health nursing is discussed, followed by a discussion of the health fair goals and objectives, implementation, and formative and summative evaluations. PMID:10778028

Wilson, L C

2000-01-01

415

The Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research Fair  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On October 4th, 2010, nine countries signed the international agreement on the construction of the Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research FAIR. The new facility is going to be constructed within the next eight years adjacent to the existing accelerator complex of the GSI Helmholtz Centre for Heavy Ion Research at Darmstadt/Germany, expanding the research goals and technical possibilities substantially. Providing a broad spectrum of unprecedented fore-front research at worldwide unique accelerator and experimental facilities, FAIR will open the way for a large variety of experiments in hadron, nuclear, atomic and plasma physics as well as applied sciences which will be briefly described in this article.

Stöecker, H.; Sturm, C.

2012-01-01

416

Budget Participation's Influence on Budget Slack: The Role of Fairness Perceptions, Trust and Goal Commitment  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research uses structural equation modelling to investigate a comprehensive model of the relationships between budget participation, procedural fairness, distributive fairness, trust, goal commitment and managers' propensity to create slack. To this end, data from 163 U.S. individual managers were used for the study. The results show that budget participation impacts both procedural fairness and distributive fairness which, in turn,

Adam S. Maiga; Fred A. Jacobs

417

On the Impossibility of Fair Exchange without a Trusted Third Party  

Microsoft Academic Search

We attempt to formally define the strong fair exchange problem and present a proof that it isimpossible to solve strong fair exchange without a trusted third party. The proof is established byrelating strong fair exchange to the problem of consensus and adapting the impossibility result ofFischer, Lynch and Paterson. We show that strong fair exchange is at least as hard

Henning Pagnia; Felix C. Gartner Darmstadt

1999-01-01

418

The impact of corporate fairness on the bank-SME relationship  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The United Kingdom Financial Services Authority's treating customers fairly initiative has drawn attention to a current trend that involves regulators using regulatory principles to enhance the relationship between financial institutions and customers. The term corporate fairness is introduced to facilitate the understanding of the construction of fairness. The purpose of this study is to investigate corporate fairness as

Fatima Vegholm; Lars Silver

2008-01-01

419

40 CFR 33.403 - What is a fair share objective?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 false What is a fair share objective? 33.403 Section 33.403 Protection...PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS Fair Share Objectives § 33.403 What is a fair share objective? A fair share objective is...

2010-07-01

420

40 CFR 33.403 - What is a fair share objective?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2009-07-01 false What is a fair share objective? 33.403 Section 33.403 Protection...PROTECTION AGENCY PROGRAMS Fair Share Objectives § 33.403 What is a fair share objective? A fair share objective is...

2009-07-01

421

The Road to Stress-Free Science Fairs: A long-term approach to learning inquiry takes the stress out of science fairs  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If the words "science fair" strike fear in your heart, you're not alone. While few disagree that science fair projects have great potential for student learning, the preparation and execution of projects can be stressful for teachers, students, and parents alike. One teacher tackles this fear head on by providing students with a science fair experience minus the pressure of trying to figure out how to complete a project without prior experience. Instead of presenting science fair projects as a homework assignment, she wanted her students to develop inquiry skills with science fair investigations in mind all year long. Having become comfortable with the process involved with designing and implementing a science fair project, students completed their science fair projects in class and presented them at the school fair.

Carrier, Sarah J.

2006-09-01

422

ZnSe/ZnSeTe Superlattice Nanotips  

PubMed Central

The authors report the growth of ZnSe/ZnSeTe superlattice nanotips on oxidized Si(100) substrate. It was found the nanotips exhibit mixture of cubic zinc-blende and hexagonal wurtzite structures. It was also found that photoluminescence intensities observed from the ZnSe/ZnSeTe superlattice nanotips were much larger than that observed from the homogeneous ZnSeTe nanotips. Furthermore, it was found that activation energies for the ZnSe/ZnSeTe superlattice nanotips with well widths of 16, 20, and 24 nm were 76, 46, and 19 meV, respectively.

2010-01-01

423

ZnSe/ZnSeTe Superlattice Nanotips  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The authors report the growth of ZnSe/ZnSeTe superlattice nanotips on oxidized Si(100) substrate. It was found the nanotips exhibit mixture of cubic zinc-blende and hexagonal wurtzite structures. It was also found that photoluminescence intensities observed from the ZnSe/ZnSeTe superlattice nanotips were much larger than that observed from the homogeneous ZnSeTe nanotips. Furthermore, it was found that activation energies for the ZnSe/ZnSeTe superlattice nanotips with well widths of 16, 20, and 24 nm were 76, 46, and 19 meV, respectively.

Hsiao, C. H.; Hung, S. C.; Chih, S. H.; Wang, S. B.; Cheng, Y. C.; Huang, B. R.; Young, S. J.; Chang, S. J.

2010-06-01

424

Une tumeur rare de la paroi thoracique: le synovialosarcome  

PubMed Central

Les sarcomes ténosynoviaux ou synovialosarcomes sont des tumeurs malignes des tissus mous, l'atteinte primitive de la paroi thoracique est rare. Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient suivi pour des douleurs thoraciques avec à l'examen une masse pariétale, le bilan radiologique a montré un développement également endothoracique de la tumeur. L'analyse anatomopathologique de la biopsie de la masse a conclu à un synovialosarcome, le patient a eu une résection de la tumeur associé à une radio chimiothérapie, le suivi a été marqué par la récidive au bout d'un an. A travers cette observation, nous insistons sur la rareté de la localisation, les caractères histologiques, les différentes approches thérapeutiques et le pronostic de ces tumeurs qui reste péjoratif.

Ouadnouni, Yassine; Smahi, Mohamed; Bouchikh, Mohammed; Achir, Abdellah; Msougar, Yassine; Lakranbi, Marouane; Benosman, Abdelatif

2011-01-01

425

L'annonce d'une d?ficience motrice c?r?brale : Une relation de confiance ? construire entre les parents, le personnel param?dical et les m?decins  

PubMed Central

RÉSUMÉ : L’annonce d’une déficience motrice cérébrale et des incapacités qui en découlent est une situation difficile à vivre pour les parents et les dispensateurs de soins (personnel paramédical et médecins). Un examen de la documentation médicale démontre que depuis vingt ans, le nombre de parents insatisfaits n’a pas changé. L’étude de type qualitatif et exploratoire, effectuée à la demande de milieux de réadaptation, vise à décrire le processus d’annonce d’un diagnostic de déficience motrice cérébrale (DMC) à partir de l’expérience des différents acteurs en cause et à déterminer les facteurs qui facilitent ou compliquent la relation de confiance. Les résultats indiquent que les parents et les dispensateurs de soins vivent dans deux mondes de perception différents au moment de l’annonce, lesquels se rejoignent difficilement. Les parents sont envahis par le drame qu’ils vivent, tandis que les médecins sont concentrés sur le contenu à transmettre aux parents. Cette annonce provoque une importante incertitude qui bloque la communication entre les partenaires, mais elle pourrait devenir un stimulant à de nouvelles stratégies d’adaptation.

Pelchat, Diane; Lefebvre, Helene; Bouchard, Jean-Marie

2001-01-01

426

Etude des caractéristiques d'une cavité laser en X de forte puissance  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study is devoted to a new ring cavity, an X geometry. It allows to obtain about 280W in opposite to the 450W of the initial linear cavity. The difference in the values comes from the formation of an instable cavity due to the length of the cavity which is longer. Expecting that, the quality factor of the beam is lower for the X configuration and consequently power density are higher and cutting speed are 50% greater than for the linear system. Concerning welding, due to the higher level of power density, the key hole is more easily formed than with the linear configuration and the penetration increases. So, even if the optical way is difficult to adjust, cutting and welding performances are interesting. Cette étude est relative à une nouvelle cavité en anneau, avec une géométrie en “X”. Elle permet d'obtenir un faisceau de meilleure qualité que lorsque la cavité est sous forme linéaire, et par suite les puissances spécifiques peuvent être multipliées par un facteur 10 au moins. Ce gain, qui se fait au détriment de la puissance moyenne maximale délivrable (75% de celle atteinte avec la configuration linéaire) reste intéressant car les vitesses de découpe et de soudage en faibles épaisseurs sont augmentées d'environ 50%.

Grevey, D. F.; Badawi, K. F.; Boquillon, J. P.; Taisne, B.; Jacrot, G.

1992-05-01

427

Étude par simulation numérique de l'annihilation en surface d'une dislocation coin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nous avons étudié par simulation numérique à l'échelle atomique la stabilité d'une dislocation coin, de plan de glissement proche et parallèle à une surface libre. La même étude à été conduite pour le débris idéalisé d'annihilation d'une telle dislocation : une cavité de longueur infinie, de section rectangulaire et de profondeur variable, créée par élimination partielle d'atomes appartenant à deux

P. Geysermans; V. Pontikis

2003-01-01

428

The Health Fair as a Health Promotion Strategy: Effects on Health Risk Behaviors and the Utility of Specific Health Fair Activities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health fairs, carnivals, and exhibitions are health promotion strategies that have been frequently discussed in recent health-related literature. The primary purpose of this study was to determine if students attending a university health fair experienced greater reductions in health risk behavior compared with those not attending the fair. A second purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of

Chudley E. Werch; David A. Schroeder; Linda L. Matthews

1986-01-01

429

Mixed TimeScale Generalized Fair Scheduling for Amplify-and-Forward Relay Networks  

Microsoft Academic Search

We devise an optimization framework for generalized proportional fairness (GPF) under different time scales for amplify-and-forward (AF) relay networks. In GPF scheduling, a single input parameter is used to change the fairness from throughput optimal, to proportionally fair and asymptotically to max-min fair. We extend the GPF scheduling to include a new input parameter, which determines the time-scale of fairness

Alireza Sharifian; Petar Djukic; Halim Yanikomeroglu; Jietao Zhang

2010-01-01

430

A Cross-National Investigation on How Ethical Consumers Build Loyalty Toward Fair Trade Brands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Fair Trade has recently experienced rapid growth around the world, there is lack of consumer research that investigates\\u000a what determines consumers’ loyalty toward Fair Trade brands. In this research, we investigate how ethical consumption values\\u000a (ECV) and two mediating variables, Fair Trade product beliefs (FTPB) and Fair Trade corporate evaluation, (FTCE) determine\\u000a Fair Trade brand loyalty (FTBL). On the

Gwang-Suk Kim; Grace Y. Lee; Kiwan Park

2010-01-01

431

DRMs, fair use and users' experience of sharing music  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a mismatch between the law relating to fair use, personal use and copying; the central thrust of Digital Rights Management (DRM) and users' behavior relating to the listening and sharing of music. This paper reports on the different copyright regimes in the United States and Australia. It describes some of the current DRM systems. Against this background, the

Margaret Jackson; Supriya Singh; Jenine P. Beekhuyzen; Jennifer Waycott

2005-01-01

432

Teacher Opinions Concerning Science Projects and Science Fairs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys about science projects and science fairs of (n=191) high school science department chairpersons found strong support for preservice training in structuring independent science research projects, belief that doing science research projects taught lessons that could not be duplicated by classroom instruction, and a slight majority agreement…

Grote, Michael

1995-01-01

433

How to Judge a Science Fair. Use the Consensus Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussed is a method for judging science fair projects considered to be more accurate than just an averaging of scores. The use of many categories so that the number of projects in each is relatively small is proposed. The advantages of using the consensus method are described. (KR)

Levin, Karen Noel; Levin, Robert E.

1991-01-01

434

Science 101: What makes for a good science fair project?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

One way to address this issue is to name a few questions that are not good for science fair projects. Why is the sky blue? Can plants survive without water? and What causes volcanoes? are examples of questions that aren't so great. The reason t

Robertson, William C.

2007-12-01

435

From Pirates to Patriots: Fair Use for Digital Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dangers of current and proposed legislation to our freedom to research, develop, and publish about digital media technologies requires a fundamental shift in our research focus. We need to invent technologies that aren't designed to protect copyright in a way that makes the exercise of fair use rights impossible-for private, noncommercial purposes; educational and research purposes; and, in certain

Marc Davis

2002-01-01

436

Institutions of Higher Education Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Fair Labor Standards Act contains provisions and standards concerning minimum wages, equal pay, maximum hours and overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor. These basic requirements apply to employees engaged in interstate commerce or in the production of goods for interstate commerce and also to employees in certain enterprises that are so…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

437

Preschools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act. (Revised).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet provides general information concerning the application of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to employees of preschool centers. The contents include discussion of the purview of the Act regarding preschools; monetary requirements such as minimum wages and employee facilities; provisions for equal pay, overtime pay, work hours,…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

438

The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938, as Amended.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains the original text of the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 with revisions effected by twenty-three Amendments. (Different typefaces are used to represent the original text and subsequent amendments grouped as pre-1961, 1961, 1966, 1972, 1974, and 1977.) Sections covered in the Act include minimum wages, maximum workweek…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

439

Handy Reference Guide to the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides general information about the application of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), as amended. Topics covered are basic wage standards, employees covered, tipped employees, employer-furnished facilities, subminimum wage provisions, equal pay provisions, exemptions, child labor provisions, recordkeeping, terms used in the FLSA,…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

440

Preschools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, July 1972.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet provides general information concerning the application of the Fair Labor Standards Act to employees of preschool centers. Included is a discussion of: (1) Basic Monetary Requirements, including minimum wages and facilities furnished to the preschool employees, (2) Equal Pay Provisions, (3) Overtime, (4) Hours Worked, (5) Exemptions,…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

441

DEMOCRATIC OPPOSITION TO THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT OF 1938  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article uses roll-call voting and constituency data to provide an improved understanding of how and why the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938 divided the Democratic Party. The evidence suggests, first, that the predominance of southerners among Democrats who opposed the FLSA resulted in part from the widespread disfranchisement of low-wage workers in the South and, second, that

Robert K. Fleck

2002-01-01

442

Elementary and Secondary Schools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet provides general information and guidelines concerning the application of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act to employees of elementary and secondary schools, as of January 1974. Separate short sections of the pamphlet examine various provisions of the act, emphasizing their impact on employer-employee relations in the schools.…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

443

The Fair Labor Standards Act Today: A Primer  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) requires employers to pay a minimum wage and overtime pay to their employees. Certain executive, administrative and professional employees are exempt from these requirements if their duties satisfy specific criteria and if they receive a weekly salary in excess of specified rate. Many issues exist in determining whether employers are in compliance with FLSA,

Jeffrey C. Freedman

2002-01-01

444

The Fair Labor Standards Act: Continuing Issues in the Debate  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Excerpt] On May 25, 2007, the President signed into law changes in the minimum wage under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): P.L. 110-28. Although the wage issue may now have been momentary settled, the act includes other provisions that have been subject to legislation through the years and may again become the focus of legislative consideration. Examples include the

William G Whittaker

2008-01-01

445

Enforcing Fair Sharing of Peer-to-Peer Resources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cooperative peer-to-peer applications are designed to share the resources of each computer in an overlay net- work for the common good of everyone. However, users do not necessarily have an incentive to donate resources to the system if they can get the system's resources for free. This paper presents architectures for fair sharing of storage resources that are robust against

Tsuen-wan Ngan; Dan S. Wallach; Peter Druschel

2003-01-01

446

Does fairness prevent market clearing? An experimental investigation  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports the results of an experiment that was designed to test the impact of fairness on market prices. Prices were determined in a one-sided oral auction, with buyers as pricemakers. Upon acceptance of an offer, sellers determined the quality of the good. Buyers offered prices that were substantially above the market-clearing level and expected sellers to respond with

Georg Kirchsteiger; George Kirchsteiger; Arno Riedl

1993-01-01

447

Drug Testing, Drug Treatment, and Marijuana Use: A Fairness Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The authors conducted a random statewide telephone survey of 1,484 individuals to study the relationship between marijuana use (in terms of participants' history of marijuana use) and reactions to drug testing and to study 2 hypothetical drug-treatment policies. Job safety sensitivity was related to perceived fairness of drug testing for the participant's job, and more recent marijuana use was associated

Matthew E. Paronto; Donald M. Truxillo; Talya N. Bauer; Michael C. Leo

2002-01-01

448

A History of Vanity Fair: A Modernist Journal in America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Vanity Fair, published in New York by Condé Nast from 1913 to 1936, and edited by Frank Crowinshield, defies easy classification. Dedicated to the pursuit of good taste in all realms of activity, the magazine ranged freely among various levels of culture from \\

Kitty Hoffman

1979-01-01

449

Ideology and the symbolic construction of fairness in organizational change  

Microsoft Academic Search

The theory of an interest-driven ideology is applied with the intention of revealing ways that ideological discourse constructs perceptions of fairness, legitimacy and defensibility in organizational change. A framework for analyzing ideological content in change discourse is presented and several corporate communications addressing layoffs and the new work relationship are evaluated. Results reveal the many ways that ideologies are invoked

George W. Watson

2003-01-01

450

Sex-Fair Counseling Practices: A Descriptive Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972 challenged school counselors to provide sex fair guidance and counseling practices. To determine Connecticut counselors' compliance with the law, and to examine factors affecting their compliance, 147 secondary school counselors completed surveys. The questionnaire was designed to examine counseling…

Griffin, Barbara

451

Fairly sustainable forestry: seven key concepts for defining local ...  

Treesearch

Fairly sustainable forestry: seven key concepts for defining local sustainability in a global ecosystem ... export to other nations the environmental, economic, and other social consequences (both ... Resource Type: Management Plans and Reports ... US Forest Service | Research & Development | Treesearch | NBII Crawl List.

452

Multi-QoS-Aware Fair Scheduling for LTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

the MAC scheduler is an important and crucial entity of the Long Term Evolution (LTE) and is responsible for efficiently allocating the radio resources among mobile users who have different QoS demands. The scheduler takes different considerations into account such as throughput and fairness when deciding the allocation of the scarce radio resources. LTE is an all IP packet system

Yasir Zaki; Thushara Weerawardane; Carmelita Gorg; Andreas Timm-Giel

2011-01-01

453

Physics at the International Science and Engineering Fair.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A judge for the physics projects for the 1979 International Science and Engineering Fair describes many of the more popular science projects. Projects described include the following: carbon dioxide and helium-neon lasers, reverse flame investigations, holography, construction of a magnetic bottle to confine plasma, and aerodynamic drag. (BT)|

Walker, Jearl

1979-01-01

454

Fair wages, unemployment and technological change in a global economy  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the effects of global and national technological change on employment and relative wages in an integrated two-country world (“Europe” and “America”), where both countries are characterized by equilibrium unemployment due to fair wage constraints. The asymmetry between the countries arises from country-specific preferences towards wage inequality, with Europe's preferences being more egalitarian. Furthermore, we look at integration

Udo Kreickemeier; Douglas Nelson

2006-01-01

455

ENHANCING FAIRNESS AND JUSTICE IN THE ETHICAL COMPLAINT PROCESS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through requests for anonymous case studies, a Conversation Hour discussion at the 1988 CPA Conference, letters and interviews, the CPA Committee on Ethics identified three main concerns of Canadian psychologists about fairness and justice in the ethical complaint process: inappropriate or vindictive complaints from colleagues, non-compliance with principles of natural justice, and lack of more constructive ways to resolve problems.

JEAN PETTIFOR; CAROLE SINCLAIR

1991-01-01

456

Achieving Ethics and Fairness in Hiring: Going Beyond the Law  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since the passage of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and more recent Federal legislation, managers, regulators, and attorneys have been busy in sorting out the legal meaning of fairness in employment. While ethical managers must follow the law in their hiring practices, they cannot be satisfied with legal compliance. In this article, we first briefly summarize

G. Stoney Alder; Joseph Gilbert

2006-01-01

457

Democratization: The Contribution of Fair Trade and Ethical Trading Movements  

Microsoft Academic Search

De-democratization and institutional corruption threaten equality among the expanding global market community. International treaties have been largely unsuccessful because they are designed to favor the more politically and economically advantaged players. In addition to meeting these challenges, there are many additional benefits to be gained from adopting the principles of the Fair Trade and Ethical Trading movements. Finally, international law

Janet Dine

2008-01-01

458

Science Fairs Plus: Reinventing an Old Favorite. Grades K-8.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book presents a selection of articles published in "Science and Children", "Science Scope", and "The Science Teacher", all journals published by the National Science Teachers Association (NSTA), that cover all grade levels from elementary through secondary education. It describes how to organize and conduct a successful science fair.…

Cusick, Judy, Ed.; Duval, Carol, Ed.; Smith, Betty, Ed.

459

A National Science Fair: Exhibiting Support for the Knowledge Economy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Student-directed, open-ended scientific investigations and invention projects may serve to deepen and broaden students' scientific and technological literacy, and, in so doing, enable them to succeed in democracies greatly affected by processes and products of science and technology. Science fairs, events at which student-led projects are…

Bencze, John Lawrence; Bowen, Gervase Michael

2009-01-01

460

Agricultural Science Fairs: Are Students Truly Learning from This Activity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A pretest/posttest administered to 480 fourth-graders revealed an increase in correct responses for 9 of 10 questions following participation in an agricultural science fair. Significant increases were related to knowledge of how agriculture affects everyday life. A teacher survey (n=89) indicated that it was a positive learning experience but…

Boleman, C. T.; Burrell, F., Jr.

2003-01-01

461

Examining Perceptions of the Science Fair Project: Content or Process?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses student research, information literacy and research skills, and the role of inquiry in the research process. Presents a case study of a middle school science fair project that examined what students should accomplish in their research and what the role of stakeholders is, including teachers, parents, and school library media…

Watson, Jinx Stapleton

2003-01-01

462

Procedural fairness and work group responses to performance evaluation systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a variety of settings, procedures that permit predecision input by those affected by the decision in question have been found to have positive effects on fairness judgments, independent of the favorability of the decision. Two major models of the psychology of procedural justice make contrary predictions about whether repeated negative outcomes attenuate such input effects. If such attenuation occurs,

Paul W. Paese; E. Allan Lind; Ruth Kanfer

1988-01-01

463

Environmental Science: High-School Science Fair Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book contains 23 suggestions for experiments involving environmental science that can be used to create a science fair project. Aimed at grades 10-12, a wide range of environmental topics is covered. These topics include soil ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems, applied ecology, global warming and the greenhouse effect, deforestation and…

Dashefsky, H. Steven

464

Exploration of Fairness in Health Services: A Qualitative Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

A content analysis of fair and unfair experiences described by students as customers of health care services was made. The way customers had been treated by the staff during the implementation of procedures, along with the information exchange between client and service providers turned out to have a strong impact on justice perception. An outstanding point is the reciprocity on

Diana Pérez-Arechaederra; Carmen Herrero; Allan Lind; Jaume Masip

2010-01-01

465

Radioactive Ion Beams at FAIR-NuSTAR  

SciTech Connect

The future FAIR facility will open up an unprecedented range of exotic nuclear beams in the energy interval between 0-1.5 GeV/u produced by the Super-FRS. The envisaged experimental programme with radioactive beams, being prepared within the NuSTAR collaboration, will cover most aspects of contemporary physics within nuclear structure, astrophysics and reactions.

Nilsson, Thomas [Fundamental Physics, Chalmers Tekniska Hogskola, Gothenburg (Sweden)

2009-06-03

466

Notes from Underground: The Job Fair for Historians.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the harsh job search process for historians, exemplified by the "Pit," an interview fair held at the annual meeting of the American Historical Association. Offers insights from interviewers and interviewees on the "labyrinth"-like process for often undesirable teaching positions. (EV)

Sharlet, Jeff

2001-01-01

467

HEAVY ION INJECTOR FOR THE FAIR-ACCELERATOR COMPLEX  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present GSI-accelerator complex, consisting of the linear accelerator UNILAC and the heavy ion synchrotron SIS 18, is foreseen to serve as an U 28+ -injector for up to 1012 particles\\/s for the future Facility for Antiproton and Ion Research (FAIR) at Darmstadt. In 2003 and 2004 different hardware measures and careful fine tuning in all sections of the UNILAC

W. Barth; L. Dahl; L. Groening; S. Yaramishev

468

Environmental Science: High-School Science Fair Experiments.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains 23 suggestions for experiments involving environmental science that can be used to create a science fair project. Aimed at grades 10-12, a wide range of environmental topics is covered. These topics include soil ecosystems, aquatic ecosystems, applied ecology, global warming and the greenhouse effect, deforestation and…

Dashefsky, H. Steven

469

Achieving inter-session fairness for layered video multicast  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Internet is increasingly used to deliver multimedia services. Since there are heterogeneous receivers and changing network conditions, it has been proposed to use adaptive rate control techniques such as layered video multicast to adjust the video traffic according to the available Internet resources. A problem of layered video multicast is unable to provide fair bandwidth sharing between competing video

Wei Kuang Lai; Chieh Ying Pan

2002-01-01

470

Religion in Public Schools: In Search of Fairness.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Oddly, most religious controversy in public schools concerns school-sponsored rituals or student expression outside the classroom, not teaching of religious ideas. Reforms such as vouchers or tax credits would not violate the Establishment Clause, as they do not favor a particular religion. Instead, they demonstrate fairness to all parents,…

Glanzer, Perry

1998-01-01

471

Work\\/Family Benefits: Variables Related to Employees' Fairness Perceptions  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated relations between several individual (parental status and gender) and situational (organization size, task interdependence, and productivity maintenance) variables with perceptions of the fairness of work\\/family benefits. Benefit availability, personal use, and coworker use along with age and race were included as control variables. A total of 283 employees from a variety of organizations participated. Results indicated that

Lauren Parker; Tammy D. Allen

2001-01-01

472

Opportunity Knocks: Perceptions of Fairness in Employee Benefits  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article considers potential conflicts between the principles of equity, equality and need in perceptions of fairness regarding employee benefits, based on self-interest bias, and makes specific predictions regarding perceptions of distributive justice in specific benefit plans. It includes predictions regarding perceptions of procedural justice. A survey of 497 employees in seven Canadian organizations tested the predictions. Findings indicate that

Nina D. Cole; Douglas H. Flint

2005-01-01

473

Copyright Compliance: Conducting a Fair Use Training Session  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article contains a teaching module on copyright compliance for higher education for faculty, staff, and administrators. The training class discusses fair use and its four factors. Those factors include purpose and characters of use, nature of the work, quantity to be borrowed, marketability of the work.

Kozumplik, Cindy; Kreutziger, John

2010-01-01

474

Fairness, Errors and the Power of Competition1  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the most basic questions in economics concerns the effects of competition on market prices. We show that the neglect of both fairness concerns and decision errors prevents a satisfactory understanding of how competition affects prices. We conducted experiments which demonstrate that the introduction of even a very small amount of competition to a bilateral exchange situation - by

Urs Fischbacher; Christina M. Fong; Ernst Fehr

475

Preferences For Redistribution and Perception of Fairness: An Experimental Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Why is there significant political support for progressive taxation and equalizing government transfers in western democracies? Possibilities include individual socail preferences for a less unequal distribution than what market forces alone would dictate, demand for social insurance, or successful political coalitions to redistribute away from the rich. We study the relative importance of fairness preferences, risk aversion, and self-interest in

Ruben Durante; Louis Putterman

2007-01-01

476

Defectives at the World's Fair: Constructing Disability in 1904.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines exhibits and discourses about three prominent groups of disabilities at the 1904 World's Fair: individuals with blindness or deafness; individuals with mental retardation; and babies who were premature. The identification of disabled who could improve and the use of education and science to control disabled are discussed. (CR)|

Trent, James W., Jr.

1998-01-01

477

A Compact Submersible Winch for a Faired Towline.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The report documents the first two phases of the development of a research model of a submersible winch for high density storage of a faired towline. Phase I encompassed the determination of the technological feasibility of the concept through a prelimina...

L. W. Bonde

1973-01-01

478

Fairness and Discounts: The Subjective Value of a Bargain  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this work, we examined the surprising value consumers attach to getting a bargain. Past re- search has largely understood this phenomenon in terms of the impact discounts have on per- ceptions of fairness. However, the evidence for this explanation is inconclusive due to a number of viable alternatives as well as issues relating to construct and external validity. The

Peter R. Darke; Darren W. Dahl

2003-01-01

479

Imitation on the Web: Flattery, Fair Use, or Felony?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses copyright and fair use on the Internet and describes how to investigate library Web sites that have been copied without permission. Highlights include the importance of using META tags to help prove authorship; the need to document with printed copies; how to register a Web site; and image watermarks. (LRW)

Logan, Debra

2000-01-01

480

Equity Matters: Doing Fairness in the Context of Family Caregiving  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although family scholars conceptualize caregiving in terms of networks of carers, little attention has been given to equity within these groups. Siblings comprise a prevalent caregiving network of members who feel responsible for parent care, expect to share these responsibilities with each other, and look to each other to evaluate the fairness of…

Lashewicz, Bonnie; Manning, Gerald; Hall, Margaret; Keating, Norah

2007-01-01

481

Fair Exchange with a Semi-Trusted Third Party  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present new protocols for two parties to exchange documents with fairness, i.e., such that no party can gain an advantage by quitting prematurely or otherwise misbe- having. We use a third party that is L'semi-trusted\\

Matthew K. Franklin; Michael K. Reiter

1997-01-01

482

Preschools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act. (Revised).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This pamphlet provides general information concerning the application of the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) to employees of preschool centers. The contents include discussion of the purview of the Act regarding preschools; monetary requirements such as minimum wages and employee facilities; provisions for equal pay, overtime pay, work hours,…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

483

News Media in the Courtroom: Free Press or Fair Trial.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The news media's interaction with the criminal justice system and the public--specifically, whether or not the news media's presence inside and outside the courtroom affects a defendant's right to a fair trial--is examined. In 1965, Dr. Sam Sheppard was convicted for the murder of his pregnant wife in their Cleveland suburban home. Since this case…

Pearlstein, Allan

484

Nearest Neighbor Spacing of Fair Weather Cumulus Clouds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Histograms of nearest neighbor spacings of fair weather cumulus at 15 locations Over the world's oceans are presented based on the analysis of high resolution LANDSAT 3 Multispectral Scanner images for amounts of cloud cover ranging from 0.6% to 37.6%. These histograms are found to be essentially the same at all locations analysed, similarly to our previous findings on the

Joachim H. Joseph; Robert F. Cahalan

1990-01-01

485

Quality Certification, Regulation and Power in Fair Trade  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines governance changes and shifting power relations within the fair-labelling network. These shifts are framed analytically by reference to broader changes in the agrofoods sector tied to the increasingly key role played by quality relations and standards in the production and marketing of food. The author argues that evident…

Renard, Marie-Christine

2005-01-01

486

Greed, Efficiency and Fairness in Resource Management Situations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Whereas rational choice theory predicts that harvesting in resource management situations is completely determined by greed, being the dominant choice, the GEF hypothesis predicts that although individuals are greedy (G), their greed is constrained by two other motives: the desire to use the resource efficiently (E) and the desire to realize fairness (F), referring to equal outcomes for all participants.

Henk A. M. Wilke

1991-01-01

487

The Di-culty of Being Fair Job Market Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent experimental economic studies and predictions adapted from behavioral economic theories of fairness suggest that individuals who respond to those that afiect them are in?uenced primarily by the actions or intentions of those they are respond- ing to and not the outcomes their actions produce. We present an experiment and an alternative framework that demonstrate and rationalize the opposite conclusion,

Mehmet Gurdal; Joshua Miller; Aldo Rustichini

488

The Di-culty of Being Fair Working Paper  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent experimental economic studies and predictions adapted from behavioral economic theories of fairness suggest that individuals are in?uenced primarily by the actions or intentions of those they are responding to and not the outcomes their actions produce. We present an experiment and an alternative framework, which demonstrate that people place a signiflcant and substantial weight on outcomes that are irrelevant

Mehmet Gurdal; Joshua Miller; Aldo Rustichini

489

The Big Bang: UK Young Scientists' and Engineers' Fair 2010  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The Big Bang: UK Young Scientists' and Engineers' Fair is an annual three-day event designed to promote science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) careers to young people aged 7-19 through experiential learning. It is supported by stakeholders from business and industry, government and the community, and brings together people from various…

Allison, Simon

2010-01-01

490

FAIR MARKET IDEOLOGY: ITS COGNITIVE-MOTIVATIONAL UNDERPINNINGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public opinion research indicates that most people espouse egalitarian ideals and acknowledge substantial income inequality in society, but they consistently perceive the economic system to be highly fair and legitimate. In an attempt to better understand this paradox by considering the cognitive and motivational bases of ideological support for the free market system, we draw on and integrate a number

John T. Jost; Sally Blount; Jeffrey Pfeffer; György Hunyady

2003-01-01

491

Asset Management with Price Impact and Fair Treatment of Clients  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of recent regulatory initiatives focusing on fair treatment of customers in financial markets, this paper examines the agency problem created by an asset manager with market impact, segregated accounts and preference-based contracts. It illustrates how aggregate client welfare and assets under management are affected by the order in which clients' accounts are sequentially traded and demonstrates that the

M. Jezek; S. Satchell

2010-01-01

492

Developments in Micrographics, Video Technology, and "Fair Use," 1983.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Summary of 1983 activities and publications in the micrographic industry focuses on meetings and organizational activities, microforms in libraries and bibliographic control, business applications of microforms, micropublishing, standards, microform reading equipment, video/optical disk technology, and fair use and the copyright law. A 182-item…

Nadeski, Karen; Pontius, Jack

1984-01-01

493

Unfair? It depends: Neural correlates of fairness in social context  

PubMed Central

Fairness is a key concept in social interactions and is influenced by intentionality considerations. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging study, we investigated the neural correlates of fairness by focusing on responder behavior to unfair offers in an Ultimatum Game paradigm with conditions that differed in their intentionality constraints. Brain activity underlying rejection vs acceptance of unfair offers appeared highly dependent on intentionality. Rejection of unfair offers when the proposer had no-alternative as well as acceptance of offers when the proposer had a fair- or hyperfair-alternative was associated with activation in a network of regions including the insula and the dorsal medial prefrontal cortex. These activations were interpreted as neural responses to norm violations because they were mostly involved when behavior was inconsistent with socially accepted behavior patterns. Rejection of unfair offers in the no-alternative condition further resulted in activity in the anterior medial prefrontal cortex and the temporoparietal junction, which was interpreted in terms of higher moral mentalizing demands required in social decision-making when rejection could not be readily justified. Together, results highlight the significance of intentionality considerations in fairness-related social decision-making processes.

van den Bos, Wouter; Rombouts, Serge A.R.B.; Crone, Eveline A.

2010-01-01

494

Fairness and Justice from an I/O Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This document is in semi-outline form and served as the basis of a conference presentation on how the discipline of industrial/organizational psychology addresses issues of fairness and justice. The paper begins with a comparison of personnel and organizational psychology (their application to job analysis, job selection systems, and performance…

Thomas, Kecia M.; Landau, Harriet I.

495

Combining Health Promotion Classroom Lessons with Health Fair Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article focuses on the important role of the school nurse in promoting healthy lifestyle choices through networking, resource identification, and working with community partners. "Everyone Is Healthy at Northeast" was a health promotion program designed and presented in two ways: classroom lessons and a health fair. There were interactive…

Cooper, Leslie; Eliason, Kathy; True, Alexandra

2004-01-01

496

Measuring the Effectiveness and the Fairness of Relation Hiding Systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we develop a framework for measuring the level of protection offered by relation hiding systems. The framework provides a uniform way to define a variety of privac y notions, including anonymity and unlinkability, by means of information-theoretic metrics. Moreover, based on the frame- work, a fairness metric for relation hiding systems is proposed. It is envisioned that,

Andreas Pashalidis

2008-01-01

497

Trade Show\\/Fair Piracy and Industrial Espionage  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article raises the concern that piracy and industrial espionage at trade shows and international fairs can adversely affect a firm's competitive advantage. Trade shows are one of the premier opportunities for market intelligence gathering. Corporate intellectual property owners paint a dark picture of lost sales, lowered profits, and damaged brand reputations. Initial discussion examines the unique impact of trade

Frederick A. Palumbo

2008-01-01

498

Combining Health Promotion Classroom Lessons with Health Fair Activities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the important role of the school nurse in promoting healthy lifestyle choices through networking, resource identification, and working with community partners. "Everyone Is Healthy at Northeast" was a health promotion program designed and presented in two ways: classroom lessons and a health fair. There were interactive…

Cooper, Leslie; Eliason, Kathy; True, Alexandra

2004-01-01

499

Opinion and Debate Medical Referees: How fair is the verdict?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In broader terms, a 'referee' is a judge1 who is responsible for a fair and unbiased verdict. In medical training, career and appointments, the role of a 'medical referee' is very important. A medical referee is a senior medical consultant, supervisor or administrator responsible to observe the performance of a doctor under a specific jurisdiction. Of late, references have become

Amin A. Muhammad Gadit; Muhammad Hanif Shiwani

500

Economic Macrojustice : Fair Optimum Income Distribution, Taxation and Transfers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Judgments about distribution follow various rationales depending on the specific issues. The fairness of the overall distribution and of the corresponding general income taxes and transfers (beyond the specific relief of misery) appears to be directly concerned with people's means, possibilities, and liberties. Concepts of equal liberty imply a specific structure of distributive taxes and transfers, applied with more or

Serge-Christophe KOLM