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1

Cation exchange at the secondary building units of metal–organic frameworks  

E-print Network

Cation exchange is an emerging synthetic route for modifying the secondary building units (SBUs) of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). This technique has been used extensively to enhance the properties of nanocrystals and ...

Brozek, Carl Kavanaugh

2

Microporous Metal–Organic Framework Constructed from Heptanuclear Zinc Carboxylate Secondary Building Units  

Microsoft Academic Search

A novel, three-dimensional, noninterpenetrating microporous metal-organic framework (MOF), (Zn7O2ACHTUNGTRENNUNG(pda)5ACHTUNGTRENNUNG(H2O)2)·5 DMF·4 EtOH· 6H 2 O( 1 )( H 2PDA = p-phenylenedi- acrylic acid, DMF = N,N-dimethylform- amide, EtOH = ethanol), was synthe- sized by constructing heptanuclear zinc carboxylate secondary building units (SBUs) and by using rigid and linear aromatic carboxylate ligands, PDA. The X-ray crystallographic data reveals that the seven zinc

Qian-Rong Fang; Guang-Shan Zhu; Ming Xue; Qing-Lin Zhang; Jin-Yu Sun; Xiao-Dan Guo; Shi-Lun Qiu; Shi-Tao Xu; Ping Wang; De-Jun Wang; Yen Wei

2006-01-01

3

Formation mechanism of the secondary building unit in a chromium terephthalate metal-organic framework  

SciTech Connect

Based on density functional theory calculations and simulation, a detailed mechanism is presented on the formation of the secondary building unit (SBU) of MIL-101, a chromium terephthalate metal-organic framework (MOF). SBU formation is key to MOF nucleation, the rate-limiting step in the formation process of many MOFs. A series of reactions that lead to the formation of the SBU of MIL-101 is proposed in this work. Initial rate-limiting reactions form the metal cluster with three chromium (III) atoms linked to a central bridging oxygen. Terephthalate linkers play a key role as chromium (III) atoms are joined to linker carboxylate groups prior to the placement of the central bridging oxygen. Multiple linker addition reactions, which follow in different paths due to structural isomers, are limited by the removal of water molecules in the first chromium coordination shell. The least energy path is identified were all linkers on one face of the metal center plane are added first. A simple kinetic model based on transition state theory shows the rate of secondary building unit formation similar to the rate metal-organic framework nucleation. The authors are thankful to Dr. R. Rousseau for a critical reading of the manuscript. This research would not have been possible without the support of the Office of Fossil Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. This research was performed using EMSL, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research and the PNNL Institutional Computing (PIC) program located at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

Cantu Cantu, David; McGrail, B. Peter; Glezakou, Vassiliki Alexandra

2014-11-25

4

REACH. Electricity Units. Secondary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a part of the REACH (Refrigeration, Electro-Mechanical, Air-Conditioning, Heating) electromechanical cluster, this student manual contains individualized instructional units in the area of electricity. The instructional units focus on electricity fundamentals and electric motors. Each unit follows a typical format that includes a unit sheet,…

Smith, Gene; Sappe, Hoyt

5

Building a secondary containment system  

SciTech Connect

Retail fertilizer and pesticide dealers across the United States are installing secondary containment at their facilities or are seriously considering it. Much of this work is in response to new state regulations; however, many dealers not facing new regulations are upgrading their facilities to reduce their liability, lower their insurance costs, or comply with anticipated regulations. The Tennessee Valley Authority`s (TVA) National Fertilizer and Environmental Research Center (NFERC) has assisted dealers in 22 states in retrofitting containment to their facilities. Simultaneous improvements in the operational efficiency of the facilities have been achieved at many of the sites. This paper is based on experience gained in that work and details the rationale used in planning secondary containment and facility modifications.

Broder, M.F.

1994-10-01

6

Mississippi Curriculum Framework for Building Trades (Program CIP: 46.0490--Building Trades, General). Secondary Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which reflects Mississippi's statutory requirement that instructional programs be based on core curricula and performance-based assessment, contains outlines of the instructional units required in local instructional management plans and daily lesson plans for two secondary-level courses in the building trades: building trades I and…

Mississippi Research and Curriculum Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, State College.

7

Media Unit for Secondary English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a detailed description of a unit designed to explore the effectiveness of communication through the media that emphasizes all modes of communication--listening, speaking, reading, and writing. (AEA)

Dalzell, Pat

1983-01-01

8

Two elongated octahedral coordination cages constructed by M4-TC4A secondary building units (M = CoII and FeII) and 2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-dicarboxylic acids.  

PubMed

Two nanoscale coordination cages based on M4-TC4A (M = Co(II) and Fe(II); H4TC4A = p-tert-butylthiacalix[4]arene) and 2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid (H2bpdc) have been synthesized and characterized. In these isostructural structures, there are two kinds of shuttlecock-like M4-TC4A secondary building units, {M4(TC4A)(Cl)} and {M4(TC4A)(SO4)}, which have different coordination environments and are bridged by bpdc molecules into an elongated octahedron through a [6 + 8] condensation. The gas sorption and magnetic properties were studied. PMID:24988249

Tan, Huaqiao; Du, Shangchao; Bi, Yanfeng; Liao, Wuping

2014-07-21

9

40 CFR 267.1107 - Can a containment building itself be considered secondary containment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Can a containment building itself be considered... Containment buildings § 267.1107 Can a containment building itself be considered...secondary containment? Containment buildings can serve as secondary containment...

2010-07-01

10

40 CFR 267.1107 - Can a containment building itself be considered secondary containment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-07-01 2012-07-01 false Can a containment building itself be considered... Containment buildings § 267.1107 Can a containment building itself be considered...secondary containment? Containment buildings can serve as secondary containment...

2012-07-01

11

40 CFR 267.1107 - Can a containment building itself be considered secondary containment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...2014-07-01 2014-07-01 false Can a containment building itself be considered... Containment buildings § 267.1107 Can a containment building itself be considered...secondary containment? Containment buildings can serve as secondary containment...

2014-07-01

12

40 CFR 267.1107 - Can a containment building itself be considered secondary containment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Can a containment building itself be considered... Containment buildings § 267.1107 Can a containment building itself be considered...secondary containment? Containment buildings can serve as secondary containment...

2013-07-01

13

40 CFR 267.1107 - Can a containment building itself be considered secondary containment?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-07-01 2011-07-01 false Can a containment building itself be considered... Containment buildings § 267.1107 Can a containment building itself be considered...secondary containment? Containment buildings can serve as secondary containment...

2011-07-01

14

Microworlds: Building Powerful Ideas in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) developed a programming language called LOGO. Underpinning this invention was a profound new philosophy of how learners learn. This paper reviews research in the area and asks how one notion in particular, that of a microworld, may be used by secondary school educators to build powerful…

Jenkins, Craig William

2012-01-01

15

Interior of secondary building, first floor, ceilingmounted drive belt wheels, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior of secondary building, first floor, ceiling-mounted drive belt wheels, bevel gears and open pigment conveyor (center). Desk with paint labels below, vaulted brick ceiling above. - Tarr and Wonson Paint Factory, End of Horton Street, Gloucester, Essex County, MA

16

The American Government Information Unit: Curriculum Alternatives for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The laboratory has created this information unit to help answer curriculum planning questions for secondary school curriculum decision makers. It tells about the products and activities of nine selected curriculum development programs by organizing the following information in chart, summary, then complete report form for quick and easy review and…

Adelson, Nancy C.; Crosby, Sandra G.

17

13. BUILDING 106. PACKAGING UNIT. DETAILS OF HOT ROOM AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. BUILDING 106. PACKAGING UNIT. DETAILS OF HOT ROOM AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY ROOM. June 5, 1944 - Frankford Arsenal, Building No. 106, South of Tacony Street between Bridge Street & tracks of former Pennsylvania Railroad, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

18

12. BUILDING 106. PACKAGING UNIT. FLOOR PLAN AND ADDITION. March ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. BUILDING 106. PACKAGING UNIT. FLOOR PLAN AND ADDITION. March 11, 1944 - Frankford Arsenal, Building No. 106, South of Tacony Street between Bridge Street & tracks of former Pennsylvania Railroad, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

19

Natural ventilation possibilities for buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

In the United States, many of the commercial buildings built in the last few decades are completely mechanically air conditioned, without the capability to use natural ventilation. This habit has occurred in building designs ...

Dean, Brian N. (Brian Nathan), 1974-

2001-01-01

20

Guest-triggered supramolecular isomerism in a pillared-layer structure with unusual isomers of paddle-wheel secondary building units by reversible single-crystal-to-single-crystal transformation.  

PubMed

Solvothermal reaction of Zn(NO(3))(2)·4H(2)O, 1,4-bis[2-(4-pyridyl)ethenyl]benzene (bpeb) and 4,4'-oxybisbenzoic acid (H(2)obc) in the presence of dimethylacetamide (DMA) as one of the solvents yielded a threefold interpenetrated pillared-layer porous coordination polymer with pcu topology, [Zn(2)(bpeb)(obc)(2)]·5H(2)O (1), which comprised an unusual isomer of the well-known paddle-wheel building block and the trans-trans-trans isomer of the bpeb pillar ligand. When dimethylformamide (DMF) was used instead of DMA, a supramolecular isomer [Zn(2)(bpeb)(obc)(2)]·2DMF·H(2)O (2), with the trans-cis-trans isomer of the bpeb ligand with a slightly different variation of the paddle-wheel repeating unit, was isolated. In MeOH, single crystals of 2 were transformed by solvent exchange in a single-crystal-to-single-crystal (SCSC) manner to yield [Zn(2)(bpeb)(obc)(2)]·2H(2)O (3), which is a polymorph of 1. SCSC conversion of 3 to 2 was achieved by soaking 3 in DMF. Compounds 1 and 2 as well as 2 and 3 are supramolecular isomers. PMID:23303617

Park, In-Hyeok; Lee, Shim Sung; Vittal, Jagadese J

2013-02-18

21

[Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}(DABCO){sub 2}].0.5DABCO.4CH{sub 3}OH ('MFU-5'): Modular synthesis of a zeolite-like metal-organic framework constructed from tetrahedral {l_brace}Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}{r_brace} secondary building units and linear organic linkers  

SciTech Connect

A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) based on a tetranuclear copper cluster and a linear organic ligand formulated as [Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}(DABCO){sub 2}].0.5DABCO.4CH{sub 3}OH (denoted as MFU-5, MFU=Metal-Organic Framework, Ulm University; DABCO=1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane), was prepared via solvothermal synthesis. In contrast with common MOF synthesis strategies, MFU-5 is assembled from pre-defined molecular secondary building units, i.e. {l_brace}Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}{r_brace} moieties, which become the nodes of the coordination framework. The title compound was characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, variable temperature powder diffraction (VT-XRPD), thermal analysis, as well as IR- and UV/Vis spectroscopy. Crystal data for MFU-5: hexagonal, P6/mcc (no. 192), a=25.645(9), c=17.105(11) A, V=9742(8) A{sup 3}, Z=12, 1690 structure factors, R[F{sup 2}>2sigma(F{sup 2})]=0.049. MFU-5 is a 3D metal-organic framework with 1D channels running along the c-axis hosting DABCO and methanol solvent molecules. The framework displays a zeolite-like structure constructed from mso cages, which represents the composite building units in the zeolites SSF, MSO and SZR. Two-fold interpenetration is observed between these building units. TG/DTA-MS and VT-XRPD characterization reveal a stepwise release of methanol and DABCO molecules upon heating, eventually resulting in a structural change into a non-porous material. - Graphical abstract: The metal-organic framework [Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}(DABCO){sub 2}].0.5DABCO.4CH{sub 3}OH (MFU-5) is constructed from a molecular precursor containing {l_brace}Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}{r_brace} secondary building units which become cross-linked into a 3D zeolite-type network with hexagonal symmetry by linear DABCO ligands (DABCO=1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane).

Liu Yingya; Grzywa, Maciej [Ulm University, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry II-Materials and Catalysis, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm (Germany); Weil, Matthias [Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Division of Structural Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/164-SC, A-1060 Vienna (Austria); Volkmer, Dirk, E-mail: dirk.volkmer@uni-ulm.d [Ulm University, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry II-Materials and Catalysis, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm (Germany)

2010-01-15

22

Making God Known, Loved, and Served: The Future of Catholic Primary and Secondary Schools in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In June 2005, shortly before Rev. John I. Jenkins, CSC, became president of the University of Notre Dame, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops released a pastoral statement, "Renewing Our Commitment to Catholic Elementary and Secondary Schools in the Third Millennium." This document, building upon the rich experience of two hundred…

Catholic Education: A Journal of Inquiry and Practice, 2008

2008-01-01

23

An Integrated Air Handling Unit System for Large Commercial Buildings  

E-print Network

This paper presents an integrated air handling unit system (OAHU) for large commercial buildings. The system introduces outside air into the interior section and circulates the return air to the exterior section. Detailed analytical models...

Song, L.; Liu, M.

2001-01-01

24

Masonry. Teacher's Guide. Building Maintenance Units of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide on masonry building maintenance, one in a series of six publications designed for building maintenance instructors in Texas, is designed to give students an understanding of masonry construction. Introductory material provides teachers with information on use of the units of instruction and personalization and localization of…

Barnes, Bill

25

Building Maintenance: Introduction. Units of Instruction. Teacher's Guide. First Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume, the first in a series of publications that will provide entry-level competencies in the area of building maintenance, is designed as an introduction. The seven instructional units cover these areas in the shop program: (1) introduction to building maintenance, (2) leadership development, (3) personal development, (4) job application…

Barnes, Bill

26

Courting Controversy: How to Build Interdisciplinary Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By focusing on a polluted river and a visit to a rural Tennessee town, sixth-grade students from suburban Asheville, North Carolina, learned more about this controversy than many of their well-informed parents and teachers. Steps for creating similar interdisciplinary thematic units are described, along with the benefits of team teaching and…

Williams, Jackie; Reynolds, Terry Deal

1993-01-01

27

Advanced secondary recovery demonstration for the Sooner Unit  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the project are to demonstrate the effectiveness of geologically targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management to obtain maximum oil recovery from the Sooner Unit field using water injection and gas recycling as secondary methods. The first phase of the project involves an integrated multi-discipline approach to identify optimum well sites and development of a reservoir operations plan. The second phase will involve drilling of up to three geologically targeted infill wells and establishing production/injection schedules. Reservoir simulation, transient well tests and careful production monitoring will be used to evaluate the results. The third phase will involve technology transfer through a series of technical papers and presentations of a short course. Emphasis will be on the economics of the project and the implemented technologies. Summary of technical progress is presented for: Well drilling and completion; seismic data acquisition; and geologic and engineering interpretation.

Sippel, M.; Junkin, J.; Pritchett, R.; Hardage, B.

1993-02-24

28

An examination of reasoning and proof opportunities in three differently organized secondary mathematics textbook units  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Students' struggles in learning reasoning and proof (RP) in mathematics are well known. Despite the instantiation of RP opportunities in mathematics textbooks in the USA and the important role that textbooks play in teachers' instructional decisions, little research has been conducted on analyzing student textbook tasks and narrative sections of mathematics textbooks in the USA. One polynomial functions unit located within a reform-oriented, conventional, and hybrid secondary mathematics textbook was examined for RP instances. RP tasks comprised 4, 9, and 22 % of the student tasks in the conventional, hybrid, and reform-oriented textbook units, respectively. The textbook exposition of all three textbook units promoted the presentation of proof building blocks (e.g., definitions) with no occurrences of conjecture development or testing. Overall, only 19 % of the learning objectives across the three textbook units were validated. The conventional and hybrid textbook units had the potential to promote an authoritative proof scheme in students while the reform-oriented textbook unit had the potential to promote an empirical proof scheme in students.

Davis, Jon D.

2012-12-01

29

158. ARAIII Reactor building (ARA608) Secondary cooling loop and piping ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

158. ARA-III Reactor building (ARA-608) Secondary cooling loop and piping plan. This drawing was selected as a typical example of piping arrangements within reactor building. Aerojet/general 880-area/GCRE-608-P-16. Date: February 1958. INeel index code no. 063-0608-50-013-102641. - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Army Reactors Experimental Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

30

Better Buildings Alliance, Advanced Rooftop Unit Campaign: Rooftop Unit Measurement and Verification (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

This document provides facility managers and building owners an introduction to measurement and verification (M&V) methods to estimate energy and cost savings of rooftop units replacement or retrofit projects to estimate paybacks or to justify future projects.

Not Available

2014-09-01

31

STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plan, elevations, sections, details. Austin Willmott Earl, Consulting Engineer, 233 Sansome Street, San Francisco, California. Drawing no. 504. Various scales. January 20, 1945, no revisions. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76, amendments 4 & 5. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Electrical Services & Switching Station, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

32

Building Bridges: Transitions from Elementary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most young people leave elementary school and move into some form of secondary school during early adolescence. At precisely the time that young people are navigating multiple developmental challenges (social, intellectual, academic, physical), they are expected to move between these intuitions of public education. The transition is commonly…

Tilleczek, Kate

2008-01-01

33

Engine Tune-Up Service. Unit 4: Secondary Circuit. Student Guide. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student guide is for Unit 4, Secondary Circuit, in the Engine Tune-Up Service portion of the Automotive Mechanics Curriculum. It deals with how to test and service the secondary ignition circuit. A companion review exercise book and posttests are available separately as CE 031 215-216. An introduction tells how this unit fits into the total…

Bacon, E. Miles

34

Engine Tune-Up Service. Unit 4: Secondary Circuit. Posttests. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book of posttests is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 4, Secondary Circuit, available separately as CE 031 214. Focus of the posttests is testing and servicing the secondary ignition circuit. One multiple choice posttest is provided that covers the seven performance objectives contained in the unit. (No…

Morse, David T.

35

Microbial secondary metabolites in school buildings inspected for moisture damage in Finland, The Netherlands and Spain.  

PubMed

Secondary metabolites produced by fungi and bacteria are among the potential agents that contribute to adverse health effects observed in occupants of buildings affected by moisture damage, dampness and associated microbial growth. However, few attempts have been made to assess the occurrence of these compounds in relation to moisture damage and dampness in buildings. This study conducted in the context of the HITEA project (Health Effects of Indoor Pollutants: Integrating microbial, toxicological and epidemiological approaches) aimed at providing systematic information on the prevalence of microbial secondary metabolites in a large number of school buildings in three European countries, considering both buildings with and without moisture damage and/or dampness observations. In order to address the multitude and diversity of secondary metabolites a large number of more than 180 analytes was targeted in settled dust and surface swab samples using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC/MS) based methodology. While 42%, 58% and 44% of all samples collected in Spanish, Dutch and Finnish schools, respectively, were positive for at least one of the metabolites analyzed, frequency of detection for the individual microbial secondary metabolites - with the exceptions of emodin, certain enniatins and physcion - was low, typically in the range of and below 10% of positive samples. In total, 30 different fungal and bacterial secondary metabolites were found in the samples. Some differences in the metabolite profiles were observed between countries and between index and reference school buildings. A major finding in this study was that settled dust derived from moisture damaged, damp schools contained larger numbers of microbial secondary metabolites at higher levels compared to respective dust samples from schools not affected by moisture damage and dampness. This observation was true for schools in each of the three countries, but became statistically significant only when combining schools from all countries and thus increasing the sample number in the statistical analyses. PMID:22714101

Peitzsch, Mirko; Sulyok, Michael; Täubel, Martin; Vishwanath, Vinay; Krop, Esmeralda; Borràs-Santos, Alicia; Hyvärinen, Anne; Nevalainen, Aino; Krska, Rudolf; Larsson, Lennart

2012-08-01

36

A Collection of Teaching Units about Japan for Secondary Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a collection of eight selected secondary level units of study about Japan. Individual units were planned and written by teachers who participated in the first Southwest Program for Teaching about Japan (SPTAJ) study tour to that country during 1987. Unit topics include: (1) "An Introduction To Japanese Medicine" (G. Adams);…

Barker, Bruce, Comp; Christian, Duane, Comp.

37

Ethnic Heritage Studies Pertaining to Arabic Culture: Six Teaching Units for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six social studies units are presented to help secondary school classroom teachers introduce students to Arab American culture. A major objective is to make students recognize the many contributions made by the Arabs to the development of the United States. In the introduction, Arab Americans are identified as people in the United States who…

Swanson, Jon; Olson, Margarete

38

Truth: Humanities Unit (Middle and Secondary Grade Levels). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding concepts…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

39

The impact of building recirculation rates on secondary organic aerosols generated by indoor chemistry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous investigators have documented increases in the concentrations of airborne particles as a consequence of ozone\\/terpene reactions in indoor environments. This study examines the effect of building recirculation rates on the concentrations of secondary organic aerosol (SOA) resulting from reactions between indoor limonene and ozone. The experiments were conducted in a large environmental chamber using four recirculation rates (11, 14,

M. S. Zuraimi; C. J. Weschler; K. W. Tham; M. O. Fadeyi

2007-01-01

40

PBF Reactor Building (PER620). Piping in basement fills space. Secondary ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PBF Reactor Building (PER-620). Piping in basement fills space. Secondary coolant flowed through carbon steel pipe; primary coolant, through stainless steel. Photographer: Larry Page. Date: April 30, 1970. INEEL negative no. 70-2080 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, SPERT-I & Power Burst Facility Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

41

Secondary clocks for modern time-recording units  

Microsoft Academic Search

The quality of secondary clocks is determined by the design of the drive used in its counting mechanisms [1]. Until now the drive most often used has been that in which the mainspring system consists of a ratchet wheel and several ratchets (dogs) of which one pushes a tooth of the ratchet wheel as it turns and the others fix

F. M. Fedchenko

1974-01-01

42

Violence Prevention in United States Society of Jesus Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a representative number of Society of Jesus secondary schools, the researcher reports what these schools are doing to prevent violence, and tests an explanatory model of school violence he created. The researcher proposes that this model can be used to explain and prevent school violence by identifying and addressing the…

Simonds, Thomas Andrew

2009-01-01

43

United States History in the Secondary School. Government.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one unit of the series described in SO 000 378. To insure that his unit will go beyond the general treatment of government thought in Civics or American History classes, emphasis has been placed on the methods of inquiry which will help the student achieve the self-realization of his own role in government. An examination is made into the…

Point Pleasant Beach Board of Education, NJ.

44

Health Experiences, Concerns, and Interactions with Effectiveness of Secondary Agriculture Teachers in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication summarizes the findings of several initiatives in studying the health aspects of secondary agriculture teachers in the United States. The study was specifically conducted to determine the health experiences of secondary agriculture teachers, the health problems that cause them to miss work, their health care concerns, personal…

Lee, Jasper S.; Westrom, Lyle E.

45

Engine Tune-up Service. Unit 4: Secondary Circuit. Review Exercise Book. Automotive Mechanics Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book of pretests and review exercises is designed to accompany the Engine Tune-Up Service Student Guide for Unit 4, Secondary Circuit, available separately as CE 031 214. Focus of the exercises and pretests is testing and servicing the secondary ignition circuit. Pretests and performance checklists are provided for each of the seven…

Bacon, E. Miles

46

Cellular building unit integrated with microstrand-shaped bacterial cellulose.  

PubMed

In bottom-up tissue engineering, a method to integrate a pathway of nutrition and oxygen into the resulting macroscopic tissue has been highly desired, but yet to be established. This paper presents a cellular building unit made from microstrand-shaped bacterial cellulose (BC microstrand) covered with mammalian cells. The BC microstrands are fabricated by encapsulating Acetobacter xylinum with a calcium alginate hydrogel microtube using a double co-axial microfluidic device. The mechanical strength and porous property of the BC microstrands can be regulated by changing the initial density of the bacteria. By folding or reeling the building unit, we demonstrated the multiple shapes of millimeter-scale cellular constructs such as coiled and ball-of-yarn-shaped structures. Histological analysis of the cellular constructs indicated that the BC microstrand served as a pathway of nutrition and oxygen to feed the cells in the central region. These findings suggest that our approach facilitates creating functional macroscopic tissue used in various fields such as drug screening, wound healing, and plastic surgery. PMID:23332319

Hirayama, Kayoko; Okitsu, Teru; Teramae, Hiroki; Kiriya, Daisuke; Onoe, Hiroaki; Takeuchi, Shoji

2013-03-01

47

United States History in the Secondary School. American People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one of the series described in SO 000 378. When the student of American History seeks beneath the surface of the Dream of the Golden Door, the story he unearths is often one of prejudice, bigotry, and quiet tragedy. For the sake of relevance, the specific objectives of this unit y are: 1) to study the student's ancestors and their struggle…

Point Pleasant Beach Board of Education, NJ.

48

An Introduction to International Trade: Focus on Japan and the United States. A Secondary Teaching Unit. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This five-part unit, intended for secondary students, uses an activity-oriented approach in order to involve students in the workings of international trade. Part 1 introduces students to basic terms. Part 2 explores what would be missing from U.S. lifestyle if there were no international trade. Part 3 introduces students to the reasons why trade…

Stanford Univ., CA. Stanford Program on International and Cross Cultural Education.

49

Energy efficiency as a commodity: The emergence of a secondary market for efficiency savings in commercial buildings  

SciTech Connect

The energy efficiency industry is constrained by lack of financing. For example, in the United States, commercial and public buildings need an investment of $100 billion for cost-effective retrofits with an average payback of about four years. But the current level of financing is stagnant at only about 34% of this level per year. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has led the development of the North American Energy Measurement and Verification Protocol (NEMVP). This Protocol will increase the reliability and quality of estimated efficiency savings and improve realized savings. A critical element in the development of low cost financing and a secondary market--whether for homes or credit card debt--is the adoption of protocols to provide uniformity and reliability of the product. This is also true of energy efficiency installations, which have been characterized by inconsistency in the installation methodologies and, frequently, unreliability of savings. This Protocol, published in April 1996, is a DOE-led effort involving American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc. ASHRAE, National Association of Energy Service Companies NAESCO, National Association of Regulatory Utility Commissioners NARUC, National Association of State Energy Officials NASEO, US Environmental Protection Agency EPA, Canada`s Canadian Association of Energy Service Companies CAESCO, and Mexico`s Comision Nacional Para El Ahorro De Energia CONAE and Fideicomiso De Apoyo Al Programa De Ahorro De Energia Del Sector Electrico FIDE. DOE has begun to build on this Protocol to develop new forms of lower-cost financing including, ultimately, development of a secondary market for energy efficiency. This could double financing for building energy efficiency within five years.

Kats, G.H.; Rosenfield, A.H.; McIntosh, T.A.; McGaraghan, S.A.

1997-06-01

50

40 CFR 165.92 - What if I need both a containment pad and a secondary containment unit?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...92 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL Standards for Pesticide...secondary containment units as an integrated system provided the...

2010-07-01

51

40 CFR 165.92 - What if I need both a containment pad and a secondary containment unit?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...92 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL Standards for Pesticide...secondary containment units as an integrated system provided the...

2011-07-01

52

40 CFR 165.92 - What if I need both a containment pad and a secondary containment unit?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...92 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL Standards for Pesticide...secondary containment units as an integrated system provided the...

2014-07-01

53

40 CFR 165.92 - What if I need both a containment pad and a secondary containment unit?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...92 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL Standards for Pesticide...secondary containment units as an integrated system provided the...

2012-07-01

54

40 CFR 165.92 - What if I need both a containment pad and a secondary containment unit?  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...92 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PESTICIDE MANAGEMENT AND DISPOSAL Standards for Pesticide...secondary containment units as an integrated system provided the...

2013-07-01

55

Characterization of the Secondary Porosity of Some Cretaceous-Recent Jordanian Building Limestones  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Different types of limestone (including chalk, travertine, marble, wacke stone and packstone-grainstone) commonly used as building stones in Jordan with porosity ranging from around 1% to less than 30% have been covered in this study. The total porosity has been split into matrix and secondary porosity. Types (fracture/moldic) and amounts of secondary porosity have also been defined. The relationships of the different porosity types with the other measured or derived properties have been delineated using correlation. Mathematical formulae have been presented to derive complicated or difficult to measure properties from easily measured ones. As indicated by the calculated cementation exponent value m and documented petrographically, tight limestones are dominated by fracture porosity, whereas highly porous limestones are dominated by moldic porosity. This is well exemplified by Siwaqa travertine where vugs are dominant in the high porosity varieties and fractures in the low porosity samples. Practical implications of the present work and its limitations have also been discussed.

Moh`D, Basem K.

56

Historic building documentation in the united states, 1933-2000: the historic american buildings survey, a case study  

E-print Network

) __________________________ Vivian Paul (Member) May 2005 Major Subject: Architecture iii ABSTRACT Historic Building Documentation in the United States, 1933-2000: The Historic American Buildings Survey, A... to several individuals who participated on this project. Endless thanks are extended to Mardelle Shepley, Yvonna Lincoln, Vivian Paul, Richard Anderson, staff and former staff of HABS, and other respondents for their time, insight, and friendship during...

Komas, Tanya Wattenburg

2005-08-29

57

A Study of Secondary School Humanities Programs in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study attempted to: (1) identify and describe the nature of rationales, purposes and objectives, content and content organization, methods and materials, time and staff organization, general organization, and student populations of secondary school humanities programs in the United States; and (2) identify and describe the major common…

Oehler, John Summers, Jr.

58

Compassion Fatigue and Secondary Traumatization: Provider Self Care on Intensive Care Units for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionUnexpressed grief in health care providers who care for chronically ill children may lead to the development of some symptoms of compassion fatigue. The purpose of this study was to describe the scope of compassion fatigue in health care providers working on critical care units with children. A secondary aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of providing educational seminars on

Patrick Meadors; Angela Lamson

2008-01-01

59

Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

1 Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States Haojie activities in buildings. One area directly affected by climate change is the energy consumption for heating to systematically study the climate change impact on various types of residential and commercial buildings in all 7

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

60

Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007  

EIA Publications

Hospitals consume large amounts of energy because of how they are run and the many people that use them. They are open 24 hours a day; thousands of employees, patients, and visitors occupy the buildings daily; and sophisticated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems control the temperatures and air flow. In addition, many energy intensive activities occur in these buildings: laundry, medical and lab equipment use, sterilization, computer and server use, food service, and refrigeration.

2012-01-01

61

Guidelines for the evaluation of building systems in the United Arab Emirates  

E-print Network

The aim of this thesis is to explore the feasibility of an export-geared building industrialization in the United Arab Emirates, and to develop a tentative strategy for the implementation of such industrialization. The ...

Kadri, Toufic Elias

1982-01-01

62

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 2. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1942, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

63

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 3. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1943, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

64

ETR COMPRESSOR BUILDING, TRA643. CLARK COMPRESSOR UNIT, 4000 HORSEPOWER. ONE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ETR COMPRESSOR BUILDING, TRA-643. CLARK COMPRESSOR UNIT, 4000 HORSEPOWER. ONE OF TWO INSTALLED IN THE BUILDING. INL NEGATIVE NO. 56-3711. R.G. Larsen, Photographer, 11/13/1956 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

65

Atoms and Molecules. Study Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Mandizha, George

66

Building Basics & Beyond As we prepare for our Whole School Unit on BUILDING, how can  

E-print Network

3 and under in the Red Room. Well build together with a variety of materials, view recent video Childrens School Staff / Parent Discussion 1/28/11 Developmental Benefits of Block Building · Self the rules and cleaning up the space, managing emotions when structures fall, etc. · Interaction

67

Building Stone of the United States: The NIST Test Wall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This report explains how the NIST test wall was constructed to study the performance and durability of various building stones under uniform climatic conditions. It was built by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in 1948 and is currently located at their facility in Gaithersburg, Maryland. Users may read and see pictures of the wall's physical features, its orientation, and search among descriptions and pictures of the various types of stone which are incorporated into the wall.

Raz, Jaime; Stutzman, Paul

68

Nations United: The United Nations, the United States, and the Global Campaign Against Terrorism. A Curriculum Unit & Video for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum unit and 1-hour videotape are designed to help students understand the purpose and functions of the United Nations (UN) and explore the relationship between the United Nations and the United States. The UN's role in the global counterterrorism campaign serves as a case study for the unit. The students are asked to develop a basic…

Houlihan, Christina; McLeod, Shannon

69

A nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry study of dinoflagellate functional diversity in reef-building corals.  

PubMed

Nutritional interactions between corals and symbiotic dinoflagellate algae lie at the heart of the structural foundation of coral reefs. Whilst the genetic diversity of Symbiodinium has attracted particular interest because of its contribution to the sensitivity of corals to environmental changes and bleaching (i.e. disruption of coral-dinoflagellate symbiosis), very little is known about the in hospite metabolic capabilities of different Symbiodinium types. Using a combination of stable isotopic labelling and nanoscale secondary ion mass spectrometry (NanoSIMS), we investigated the ability of the intact symbiosis between the reef-building coral Isopora palifera, and Symbiodinium?C or D types, to assimilate dissolved inorganic carbon (via photosynthesis) and nitrogen (as ammonium). Our results indicate that Symbiodinium types from two clades naturally associated with I.?palifera possess different metabolic capabilities. The Symbiodinium?C type fixed and passed significantly more carbon and nitrogen to its coral host than the D type. This study provides further insights into the metabolic plasticity among different Symbiodinium types in hospite and strengthens the evidence that the more temperature-tolerant Symbiodinium?D type may be less metabolically beneficial for its coral host under non-stressful conditions. PMID:24902979

Pernice, Mathieu; Dunn, Simon R; Tonk, Linda; Dove, Sophie; Domart-Coulon, Isabelle; Hoppe, Peter; Schintlmeister, Arno; Wagner, Michael; Meibom, Anders

2014-06-01

70

Reactions between ozone and building products: Impact on primary and secondary emissions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Reactions of ozone on common building products were studied in a dedicated emission test chamber system. Fourteen new and unused products were exposed to 100-160 ppb of ozone at 23 °C and 50% RH during 48 h experiments. Ozone deposition velocities calculated at steady state were between 0.003 cm s -1 (alkyd paint on polyester film) and 0.108 cm s -1 (pine wood board). All tested product showed modified emissions when exposed to ozone and secondary emissions of several aldehydes were identified. Carpets and wall coverings emitted mainly C 5-C 10n-aldehydes, typical by-products of surface reactions. Linoleum, polystyrene tiles and pine wood boards also showed increased emissions of formaldehyde, benzaldehyde and hexanal associated with reduced emissions of unsaturated compounds suggesting the occurrence of gas-phase reactions. The ozone removal on the different tested products was primarily associated with surface reactions. The relative contribution of gas-phase reactions to the total ozone removal was estimated to be between 5% and 30% for pine wood boards depending on relative humidity (RH) and on the incoming ozone concentration and 2% for polystyrene tiles. On pine wood board, decreasing ozone deposition velocities were measured with increasing ozone concentrations and with RH increasing in the range 30-50%.

Nicolas, Mélanie; Ramalho, Olivier; Maupetit, François

71

THE GREAT RECESSION AND RECENT EMPLOYMENT TRENDS AMONG SECONDARY STUDENTS IN THE UNITED STATES*  

PubMed Central

The Great Recession had substantial effects on the labor market in the United States, as elsewhere. To what extent did secondary students’ employment decline during this time? Which students are leaving the labor market? Are reductions in employment concentrated in particular jobs? To answer these questions, we use data from the Monitoring the Future study, an ongoing study of secondary students in the United States. More specifically, we examine recent trends in teenage employment using 6 cohorts each of 8th, 10th, and 12th graders (from 2006 to 2011, spanning before, during and after the Great Recession). Results show a gradual decline in school year employment since 2006, including the years after the official end of the recession. Employment during the school year is especially low among 8th and 10th graders, Hispanic and non-Hispanic Black youth, and students from disadvantaged backgrounds (based upon parental education), though the recent drop in work has varied little by population subgroups. The decline in employment is, however, concentrated among the oldest students, and working intensely (over 20 hours per week) has dropped more than working moderate hours. Students are more likely to babysit and do lawn work and less likely to hold jobs in office, clerical, and sales positions than in years past. These patterns and recent shifts in job type suggest some degree of job replacement by older workers. PMID:25642296

Staff, Jeremy; Johnson, Monica Kirkpatrick; Patrick, Megan E.; Schulenberg, John E.

2014-01-01

72

PSTAR: Primary and secondary terms analysis and renormalization: A unified approach to building energy simulations and short-term monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a unified method of hourly simulation of a building and analysis of performance data. The method is called Primary and Secondary Terms Analysis and Renormalization (PSTAR). In the PSTAR method, renormalized parameters are introduced for the primary terms such that the renormalized energy balance equation is best satisfied in the least squares sense, hence, the name PSTAR. PSTAR allows extraction of building characteristics from short-term tests on a small number of data channels. These can be used for long-term performance prediction (''ratings''), diagnostics, and control of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems (HVAC), comparison of design versus actual performance, etc. By combining realistic building models, simple test procedures, and analysis involving linear equations, PSTAR provides a powerful tool for analyzing building energy as well as testing and monitoring. It forms the basis for the Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) project at SERI.

Subbarao, K.

1988-09-01

73

Venting krypton-85 from the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building  

SciTech Connect

To permit the less restricted access to the reactor building necessary to maintain instrumentation and equipment, and to proceed towad the total decontamination of the facility, General Public Utilities, operators of the facility referred to hereafter as GPU, asked the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or NRC, for permission to remove the /sup 85/Kr from the reactor building by venting it to the environment. GPU supported their request with the Safety Analysis and Environmental Assessment Report on the proposed reactor building venting plan. On June 12, 1980, after seven months of licensing deliberations and numerous public hearings, the NRC granted GPU's request. The actual venting took place between June 28 and July 11, 1980. This report presents an overview of the detailed effort involved in the TMI-2 reactor building venting program. The findings reported here are condensed from a published report entitled TMI-2 Reactor Building Purge--Kr-85 Venting.

Burton, H. M.

1981-01-01

74

Advanced secondary recovery demonstration for the Sooner Unit. [Quarterly] report, February--April 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the project are to demonstrate the effectiveness of geologically targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management to obtain maximum oil recovery from the Sooner Unit field using water injection and gas recycling as secondary methods. The first phase of the project involves an integrated multi-discipline approach to identify optimum well sites and development of a reservoir operations plan. The second phase will involve drilling of up to three geologically targeted infill wells and establishing production/injection schedules. Reservoir simulation, transient well tests and careful production monitoring will be used to evaluate the results. The third phase will involve technology transfer through a series of technical papers and presentations of a short course. Emphasis will be on the economics of the project and the implemented technologies.

Sippel, M.; Junkin, J.; Pritchett, R.; Hardage, B.

1993-05-20

75

Advanced secondary recovery demonstration for the Sooner Unit. [Quarterly] report, October 1992--January 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of the project are to demonstrate the effectiveness of geologically targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management to obtain maximum oil recovery from the Sooner Unit field using water injection and gas recycling as secondary methods. The first phase of the project involves an integrated multi-discipline approach to identify optimum well sites and development of a reservoir operations plan. The second phase will involve drilling of up to three geologically targeted infill wells and establishing production/injection schedules. Reservoir simulation, transient well tests and careful production monitoring will be used to evaluate the results. The third phase will involve technology transfer through a series of technical papers and presentations of a short course. Emphasis will be on the economics of the project and the implemented technologies. Summary of technical progress is presented for: Well drilling and completion; seismic data acquisition; and geologic and engineering interpretation.

Sippel, M.; Junkin, J.; Pritchett, R.; Hardage, B.

1993-02-24

76

Evaluation of three common green building materials for ozone removal, and primary and secondary emissions of aldehydes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ozone reactions that occur on material surfaces can lead to elevated concentrations of oxidized products in the occupied space of buildings. However, there is little information on the impact of materials at full scale, especially for green building materials. Experiments were completed in a 68 m3 climate-controlled test chamber with three certified green building materials that can cover large areas in buildings: (1) recycled carpet, (2) perlite-based ceiling tile and (3) low-VOC paint and primer on recycled drywall. Ozone deposition velocity and primary and secondary emission rates of C1 to C10 saturated carbonyls were determined for two chamber mixing conditions and three values of relative humidity. A direct comparison was made between ozone deposition velocities and carbonyl yields observed for the same materials analyzed in small (10 L) chambers. Total primary carbonyl emission rates from carpet, ceiling tile and painted drywall ranged from 27 to 120 ?g m-2 h-1, 13 to 40 ?g m-2 h-1, 3.9 to 42 ?g m-2 h-1, respectively. Ozone deposition velocity to these three materials averaged 6.1 m h-1, 2.3 m h-1 and 0.32 m h-1, respectively. Total secondary carbonyl emissions from these materials ranged from 70 to 276 ?g m-2 h-1, 0 to 12 ?g m-2 h-1, and 0 to 30 ?g m-2 h-1, respectively. Carbonyl emissions were determined with a transient approximation, and were found to be in general agreement with those found in the literature. These results suggest that care should be taken when selecting green building materials due to potentially large differences in primary and secondary emissions.

Gall, Elliott; Darling, Erin; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Morrison, Glenn C.; Corsi, Richard L.

2013-10-01

77

Standardized Curriculum for Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Standardized curricula are provided for two courses for the secondary vocational education program in Mississippi: building trades I and II. The eight units in building trades I are as follows: safety; measurement; tools, equipment, and hardware; building plans and blueprints; introduction to carpentry; introduction to plumbing; introduction to…

Mississippi State Dept. of Education, Jackson. Office of Vocational, Technical and Adult Education.

78

Unspeciated Organic Emissions From Combustion Sources And Their Influence On The Secondary Organic Aerosol Budget In The United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Combustion sources are a major source of organic emissions and therefore a potentially important source for secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation in the atmosphere. Although speciated organic emissions from combustion sources are considered in models to form SOA, a large fraction of the organics are unspeciated. In this work, we analyze data from numerous smog chamber experiments, which photo-oxidized dilute emissions from different combustion sources (on-road gasoline vehicles, aircraft, on-road diesel vehicles, wood burning and open biomass burning), to determine the contribution that unspeciated emissions make to SOA formation. An SOA model based on speciated organics is able to explain, on average, 8-31% of the SOA measured in the experiments. We hypothesize that the remainder results from the gas-phase oxidation of unspeciated emissions, which account on average for 25-75% of the non-methane organic gas (NMOG) emissions. Using the SOA data, we develop, for the first time, source-specific parameterizations to model SOA from unspeciated emissions; all sources seem to have median SOA yields similar to large n-alkanes (C12+). To assess the influence of unspeciated emissions on SOA formation regionally, we use the parameterization to predict SOA production in the United States. Using emissions data collected during the smog chamber experiments and data available in literature, we build a gross inventory for unspeciated emissions in the United States. We discover that unspeciated organics might be included in the current generation of SOA models but misallocated in terms of its SOA potential. The top six combustion sources (on- and off-road gasoline, on- and off-road diesel, open biomass and wood burning) emit 2.61 Tg yr-1 of unspeciated emissions (20% of US anthropogenic VOC emissions from combustion sources) and are estimated to form a minimum of 0.68 Tg yr-1 of SOA; the estimate is a third of the biogenic SOA produced in the US. We predict that accounting for SOA from unspeciated emissions will double modeled SOA formation from anthropogenic combustion sources. Primary organic aerosol (POA) emission factors and secondary organic aerosol (SOA) box-plots for five source categories. The colored bars on the right show the median range for the entire data.

Jathar, S.; Gordon, T.; Hennigan, C. J.; Pye, H. O.; Donahue, N. M.; Adams, P. J.; Robinson, A. L.

2012-12-01

79

CANADA RUSSIA UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES Building / Launching / Operating first ever high definition,  

E-print Network

Google Earth #12;Medium Res Camera · RALCAM3 ­ existing design · Build-to-print solution for the ISS;9 BUSINESS MODEL Application Platform Sales Scenario - Social gaming and commercial apps Customers - Apple, Blackberry Android via UrtheCast open Application Program Interface UrtheCast will have truly unique content

80

Selection of Environmentally Friendly Solvents for the Extravehicular Mobility Unit Secondary Oxygen Pack Cold Trap Testing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Freon-113(TradeMark) has been used as a chemistry lab sampling solvent at NASA/JSC for EMU (extravehicular Mobility Unit) SOP (Secondary Oxygen Pack) oxygen testing Cold Traps utilized at the USA (United Space Alliance) Houston facility. Similar testing has occurred at the HSWL (Hamilton Sundstrand Windsor Locks) facility. A NASA Executive Order bans the procurement of all ODS (ozone depleting substances), including Freon-113 by the end of 2009. In order to comply with NASA direction, HSWL began evaluating viable solvents to replace Freon-113 . The study and testing effort to find Freon-113 replacements used for Cold Trap sampling is the subject of this paper. Test results have shown HFE-7100 (a 3M fluorinated ether) to be an adequate replacement for Freon-113 as a solvent to remove and measure the non-volatile residue collected in a Cold Trap during oxygen testing. Furthermore, S-316 (a Horiba Instruments Inc. high molecular weight, non-ODS chlorofluorocarbon) was found to be an adequate replacement for Freon-113 as a solvent to reconstitute non-volatile residue removed from a Cold Trap during oxygen testing for subsequent HC (hydrocarbon) analysis via FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy).

Steele, John; Chullen, Cinda; Morenz, Jesse; Stephenson, Curtis

2010-01-01

81

Building Bridges: Effective Post-Secondary Transitions for Girls in Developing Countries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transitions between education cycles represent one of the greatest hazards for girls in their educational journey throughout the developing world. It is not uncommon across sub-Saharan Africa for girls' secondary enrollment rates to drop 75% from primary enrollment rates. Between the secondary level and the tertiary level, enrollment rates often…

Academy for Educational Development, 2012

2012-01-01

82

ETR ELECTRICAL BUILDING, TRA648. EMERGENCY STANDBY GENERATOR AND DIESEL UNIT. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ETR ELECTRICAL BUILDING, TRA-648. EMERGENCY STANDBY GENERATOR AND DIESEL UNIT. METAL ROOF AND PUMICE BLOCK WALLS. CAMERA FACING SOUTHWEST. INL NEGATIVE NO. 56-3708. R.G. Larsen, Photographer, 11/13/1956 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

83

Building a Finnish Unit Selection TTS system Hanna Silen, Elina Helander,  

E-print Network

-based concatenative speech synthesis. It uses a large pre-recorded speech inventory to provide a sufficient phonetic to work independently from it. 2. Finnish phonetics and phonology Although a unit selection synthesizer principles of Finnish phonetics and phonology from the viewpoint of what is needed for build- ing a speech

Gabbouj, Moncef

84

Monitoring thirty years of land cover change: Secondary forest succession in the Artvin Forest planning unit of Northeastern Turkey  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a major topic in forest ecosystems, determining plant successional changes is crucial to understanding the vegetation dynamics, composition and environmental disturbance of forest landscapes. This study is designed to evaluate the consequences of human and natural impacts on changes in secondary forest succession land cover from 1972 to 2002 in the Artvin Forest Planning Unit, in NE Turkey. This

Günay Çakir; Fatih Sivrikaya; Salih Terzioglu; Sedat Keles; Emin Zeki Baskent

2007-01-01

85

Self-Assembly and Tissue Fusion of Toroid-Shaped Minimal Building Units  

PubMed Central

A significant challenge of tissue engineering is to build tissues whose size is not limited by diffusion. We are investigating the use of scaffold-free lumen containing toroid-shaped microtissues as minimal building units. Monodispersed H35 cells, a rat hepatocyte cell line, were seeded onto micromolded agarose, forming self-assembled multicellular toroids within 48?h. Toroid and lumen diameter were easily controlled by micromold design, and toroid thickness was controlled by seeding density. When harvested, toroids were stable, but underwent predictable changes over time with their lumens narrowing. When brought into contact, these building units fused in the x–y plane, forming a double-lumen structure, as well as the z plane, forming a tubular structure, which completed within 72?h. Large, multi-luminal structures were assembled by multidimensional fusion of many toroids. Toroid settling was not entirely random, with most toroids lying flat with their lumens oriented along the z axis. The rapid production of toroid building units of controlled dimension and lumen size that undergo predictable changes and that can be fused to form larger structures is a step closer to tissue engineering large porous three-dimensional tissues with high cell density. PMID:20109063

Livoti, Christine M.

2010-01-01

86

United Nations Seminar of Experts on Building Codes and Regulations in Developing Countries  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Seminar explored ways in which governments and the international community might build upon the recommendations adopted by HABITAT: the United Nations Conference on Human Settlements. Effort concentrated on examining how building codes and regulations can be adapted to meet the basic needs of the poor. Programs for a graduated or a step-by-step improvement in the quality of life of the least advantaged on a continuous basis is recommended, thus ensuring that the total population can achieve an acceptable standard of living within a reasonable period of time. Within this framework, ten detailed recommendations were approved and are presented.

1980-03-01

87

Experience in connecting the power generating units of thermal power plants to automatic secondary frequency regulation within the united power system of Russia  

SciTech Connect

The principles of central control of the power generating units of thermal power plants by automatic secondary frequency and active power overcurrent regulation systems, and the algorithms for interactions between automatic power control systems for the power production units in thermal power plants and centralized systems for automatic frequency and power regulation, are discussed. The order of switching the power generating units of thermal power plants over to control by a centralized system for automatic frequency and power regulation and by the Central Coordinating System for automatic frequency and power regulation is presented. The results of full-scale system tests of the control of power generating units of the Kirishskaya, Stavropol, and Perm GRES (State Regional Electric Power Plants) by the Central Coordinating System for automatic frequency and power regulation at the United Power System of Russia on September 23-25, 2008, are reported.

Zhukov, A. V.; Komarov, A. N.; Safronov, A. N.; Barsukov, I. V. [JSC 'Sistemnyi operator EES' (Russian Federation)

2009-05-15

88

Building research capacity in south-west Sydney through a Primary and Community Health Research Unit.  

PubMed

The Primary and Community Health Research Unit was established in 2010 in south-west Sydney to build research capacity in primary and community health services and help generate evidence to underpin clinical activities. In 2011, six project teams participated in a 12-month researcher mentoring program, undertaking projects in quality improvement and service evaluation. Project teams were linked with academic mentors and participated in four research skill development workshops covering research design, research ethics, statistical analysis and academic writing. All project teams presented their work at two or more research conferences, and all are preparing manuscripts for publication in peer-reviewed journals. The Primary and Community Health Research Unit's approach to research capacity building in primary and community health services appears to be effective in supporting novice researchers to undertake research in their clinical settings. Sustainability is dependent on securing ongoing funding. Further analysis is needed to identify strengths and weaknesses of this approach. PMID:23050636

Friesen, Emma L; Comino, Elizabeth J; Reath, Jennifer; Derrett, Alison; Johnson, Maree; Davies, Gawaine Powell; Teng-Liaw, Siaw; Kemp, Lynn

2014-01-01

89

Expanding Opportunities and Building Competencies for Young People: A New Agenda for Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this report is to set forth policy options for supporting developing countries and transition economies in adapting their secondary education systems to demands arising from the successful expansion of primary education and the socioeconomic challenges presented by globalization and the knowledge-based economy. The report analyzes…

Cuadra, Ernesto; Moreno, Juan Manuel

2005-01-01

90

2005 Mississippi Curriculum Framework: Secondary Building Trades. (Program CIP: 46.0000 - Construction Trades, General)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary vocational-technical education programs in Mississippi are faced with many challenges resulting from sweeping educational reforms at the national and state levels. Schools and teachers are increasingly being held accountable for providing true learning activities to every student in the classroom. This accountability is measured through…

Jernigan, Jarvis; Manning, Phillip; Matkins, Billy

2005-01-01

91

Spherical TiO2 aggregates with different building units for dye-sensitized solar cells.  

PubMed

Tailoring the architectures of spherical TiO2 aggregates is crucial to obtain superior photovoltaic properties and promote their application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Herein, we synthesized spherical TiO2 aggregates using different building units, including nanocrystallites, nanorods, nanosheets, and nanotubes, via a hydrothermal method, and studied the effect of the building units on the performances of DSSCs. The aggregates assembled by uniform nanosheet and nanotube building units were synthesized with the use of spherical TiO2 nanorod aggregates as titanium sources in an alkaline hydrothermal reaction. Compared with TiO2 nanoparticles, the spherical TiO2 aggregates possess higher surface area, more efficient light scattering ability, and better electron transport properties. Among the four types of spherical TiO2 aggregates; the nanorod, nanotube, and nanosheet aggregates demonstrate better electron transport properties than the nanocrystallite aggregates; the nanotube and nanosheet aggregates exhibit more efficient light scattering than the nanocrystallite and nanorod aggregates; and the nanotube aggregates show the highest surface area. Thus the DSSC based on nanotube aggregates exhibited the highest energy conversion efficiency of 7.48%, which is 16.0%, 9.7%, and 19.5% higher than those of the DSSCs based on the nanosheet, nanorod, and nanocrystallite aggregates, respectively. PMID:23892684

Liu, Zhaohui; Su, Xunjia; Hou, Genliang; Bi, Song; Xiao, Zhou; Jia, Haipeng

2013-09-01

92

Capacity building of teachers for using computers in a government secondary school in Karachi  

Microsoft Academic Search

This manual is prepared to fulfill teachers need in the government technical school. The ultimate purpose to prepare this manual is to build teachers' capacities to use computers in their teaching and learning. Teachers professional development is a key feature of teachers' on the job learning however in government school, teachers face lack of resources and poor facilitation. I have

Zafar Iqbal

2006-01-01

93

?-Casein terminates casein micelle build-up by its "soft" secondary structure.  

PubMed

In our previous paper (Nagy et al. in J Biol Chem 285:38811-38817, 2010) by using a multilayered model system, we showed that, from ?-casein, aggregates (similar to natural casein micelles) can be built up step by step if Ca-phosphate nanocluster incorporation is ensured between the protein adsorption steps. It remained, however, an open question whether the growth of the aggregates can be terminated, similarly to in nature with casein micelles. Here, we show that, in the presence of Ca-phosphate nanoclusters, upon adsorbing onto earlier ?-casein surfaces, the secondary structure of ?-casein remains practically unaffected, but ?-casein exhibits considerable changes in its secondary structure as manifested by a shift toward having more ?-structures. In the absence of Ca-phosphate, only ?-casein can still adsorb onto the underlying casein surface; this ?-casein also expresses considerable shift toward ?-structures. In addition, this ?-casein cover terminates casein aggregation; no further adsorption of either ?- or ?-casein can be achieved. These results, while obtained on a model system, may show that the Ca-insensitive ?-casein can, indeed, be the outer layer of the casein micelles, not only because of its "hairy" extrusion into the water phase, but because of its "softer" secondary structure, which can "occlude" the interacting motifs serving casein aggregation. We think that the revealed nature of the molecular interactions, and the growth mechanism found here, might be useful to understand the aggregation process of casein micelles also in vivo. PMID:23015063

Nagy, Krisztina; Váró, György; Szalontai, Balázs

2012-11-01

94

Competitive Foods and Beverages Available for Purchase in Secondary Schools--Selected Sites, United States, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School Health Profiles is conducted biennially to assess characteristics of school health programs. State and local departments of education and health select either all public secondary schools within their jurisdictions or a systematic, equal-probability sample of public secondary schools to participate in School Health Profiles. At each school,…

Kann, L.; Grunbaum, J.; McKenna, M. L.; Wechsler, H.; Galuska, D. A.

2005-01-01

95

Particles in Action. Teacher's Guide. Unit C2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

96

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2013-10-01

97

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2011-10-01

98

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2014-10-01

99

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2012-10-01

100

48 CFR 3036.104-90 - Authority for one-step turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). 3036.104-90 Section...turn-key design-build contracting for the United States Coast Guard (USCG). The Head of the Contracting Activity...

2010-10-01

101

Rod Packings and Metal-Organic Frameworks Constructed from Rod-Shaped Secondary Building Units  

E-print Network

" of the underlying net. MOFs based on discrete shapes (triangles, squares, tetrahedra, etc.) have been synthesized-organic frameworks (MOFs). Accordingly, we present the preparation, characterization, and crystal structures of 14 new MOFs (named MOF-69A-C and MOF-70-80) of 12 different structure types, belonging to rod packing

Yaghi, Omar M.

102

Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India  

SciTech Connect

The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

2013-09-25

103

Emergence of secondary airports and dynamics of regional airport systems in the United States  

E-print Network

With the growing demand for air transportation and limited capacity at major airports, there is a need to increase the capacity of airport systems at the metropolitan area level. The increased use of secondary airports has ...

Bonnefoy, Philippe A

2005-01-01

104

Emergence of Secondary Airports and Dynamics of Regional Airport Systems in the United States  

E-print Network

With the growing demand for air transportation and limited capacity at major airports, there is a need to increase the capacity of airport systems at the metropolitan area level. The increased use of secondary airports has ...

Bonnefoy, Philippe A

2006-11-21

105

Spherical TiO2 aggregates with different building units for dye-sensitized solar cells  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Tailoring the architectures of spherical TiO2 aggregates is crucial to obtain superior photovoltaic properties and promote their application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Herein, we synthesized spherical TiO2 aggregates using different building units, including nanocrystallites, nanorods, nanosheets, and nanotubes, via a hydrothermal method, and studied the effect of the building units on the performances of DSSCs. The aggregates assembled by uniform nanosheet and nanotube building units were synthesized with the use of spherical TiO2 nanorod aggregates as titanium sources in an alkaline hydrothermal reaction. Compared with TiO2 nanoparticles, the spherical TiO2 aggregates possess higher surface area, more efficient light scattering ability, and better electron transport properties. Among the four types of spherical TiO2 aggregates; the nanorod, nanotube, and nanosheet aggregates demonstrate better electron transport properties than the nanocrystallite aggregates; the nanotube and nanosheet aggregates exhibit more efficient light scattering than the nanocrystallite and nanorod aggregates; and the nanotube aggregates show the highest surface area. Thus the DSSC based on nanotube aggregates exhibited the highest energy conversion efficiency of 7.48%, which is 16.0%, 9.7%, and 19.5% higher than those of the DSSCs based on the nanosheet, nanorod, and nanocrystallite aggregates, respectively.Tailoring the architectures of spherical TiO2 aggregates is crucial to obtain superior photovoltaic properties and promote their application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). Herein, we synthesized spherical TiO2 aggregates using different building units, including nanocrystallites, nanorods, nanosheets, and nanotubes, via a hydrothermal method, and studied the effect of the building units on the performances of DSSCs. The aggregates assembled by uniform nanosheet and nanotube building units were synthesized with the use of spherical TiO2 nanorod aggregates as titanium sources in an alkaline hydrothermal reaction. Compared with TiO2 nanoparticles, the spherical TiO2 aggregates possess higher surface area, more efficient light scattering ability, and better electron transport properties. Among the four types of spherical TiO2 aggregates; the nanorod, nanotube, and nanosheet aggregates demonstrate better electron transport properties than the nanocrystallite aggregates; the nanotube and nanosheet aggregates exhibit more efficient light scattering than the nanocrystallite and nanorod aggregates; and the nanotube aggregates show the highest surface area. Thus the DSSC based on nanotube aggregates exhibited the highest energy conversion efficiency of 7.48%, which is 16.0%, 9.7%, and 19.5% higher than those of the DSSCs based on the nanosheet, nanorod, and nanocrystallite aggregates, respectively. Electronic supplementary information (ESI) available: Additional TEM and SEM images, XRD pattern, and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherms. See DOI: 10.1039/c3nr01767b

Liu, Zhaohui; Su, Xunjia; Hou, Genliang; Bi, Song; Xiao, Zhou; Jia, Haipeng

2013-08-01

106

Urban Ecology for Secondary Schools, Unit I - Technology and Environmental Pollution, Parts 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials for a course on Urban Ecology are developed in these two documents which represent the first unit - Technology and Environmental Pollution. The entire course consists of seven units dealing with the many aspects of our way of life that produce an effect on, and in turn affected by, the quality of our physical environment. Unit I treats…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

107

TMI2 (Three Mile Island Unit 2) reactor building basement concrete activity distribution  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a result of the March 1979 accident, the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor building basement wall and floors were submerged in up to 2.6 m (8.5 ft) of water at an activity concentration of 4.8 BBq{center dot}l⁻¹ (0.13 mCi{center dot}ml⁻¹) of ¹³⁷Cs. This radioactivity penetrated the coated and uncoated concrete surfaces to various depths over a 2.5-yr

P. J. Babel; R. E. Lancaster; C. H. Distenfeld

1988-01-01

108

Functions in Contemporary Secondary Mathematics Textbook Series in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks play a central role in US mathematics classrooms (Stein, Remillard, & Smith, 2007) and functions are a key topic in secondary mathematics (Carlson, Jacobs, Coe, Larsen, & Hsu, 2002). This study presents results from an analysis of this essential topic in the latest editions of three textbook series: the Glencoe Mathematics…

Ross, Daniel J.

2011-01-01

109

The Current State of Secondary School Marine Science Education in the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Information was requested in late 1976 and early 1977 from the Departments of Education of each of the 50 states and Puerto Rico on the current status of secondary school marine science education. Thirty-five states and Puerto Rico responded. Some of the results are as follows: (1) Marine science assignments accounted for 1.94% of the total number…

Schlenker, Richard M.; Qureshi, Zahir

110

Resource Supplement of Student Materials for Six Teaching Units for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This materials package supplements a high school level social studies curriculum unit on Arab American culture and the contributions of Arabs to development of the United States (SO 012 253). The duplicated materials are presented in six categories--the family, geography of the Middle East, Arab history and its contribution to the West,…

Livonia Public Schools, MI.

111

The identification of recurrent tertiary motifs by interactions of protein secondary structure units  

E-print Network

. Computer Resources Partitioning of Secondary Structure . . . . . . . . . . ?. Contact Determination Defining a Motif with Energetic Potentials Clustering Contact Maps. . 5 5 8 8 11 12 15 RESULTS 16 Helix:Helix Helix:Hairpin Helix: Strand... Helix:Loop Hairpin:Hairpin Hairpin: Strand Hairpin:Loop . Strand: Strand Strand:Loop Loop:Loop 21 25 28 31 34 37 37 42 45 45 DISCUSSION REFERENCES 46 47 VITA 52 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE I RMSD Cutoff Distribution for Clusters Page...

Hodges, Hamilton Courtney

2013-02-22

112

Development of 20 IEER Rooftop Units System Modeling and Building Energy Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Based on detailed steady-state system and component modeling, we developed a rooftop unit system design, which is able to achieve IEER (Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio) higher than 20. We modeled fin-&-tube and micro-channel heat exchangers using segment-to-segment approach, and use AHRI 10-coefficient compressor map to simulate compressor performance. The system modeling is based on a component-based modeling approach, which facilitates flexible simulation of complicated system configurations. Starting with a baseline system having IEER of 16.6, we extensively investigated numerous technical options, i.e. varying compressor sizes, heat exchanger fin densities, fin-&-tube or micro-channel heat exchanger, suction line heat exchanger, desiccant wheel, tandem compressor, variable-speed compressor, and condenser evaporative pre-cooling; and developed an innovative system configuration combining a tandem compression system with a variable-speed compression system. The combined system can achieve high IEER as well as process the outdoor ventilation air over an extensive range. We successfully evaluated the design concept for a 20-ton (70.4 kW) unit as well as a 10-ton (35.2 kW) unit. All the selected components are readily accessible on the market, and we validated the performance predictions against existing Rooftop Unit (RTU) products at the rating condition. This paper illustrates a potentially cost-effective high IEER RTU design. In addtion, we conducted extensive building energy simulations using EnergyPlus to predict seasonal energy saving potentials and peak power reductions using the High IEER RTU in sixteen US cities, in comparison to a RTU with a minimum efficiency.

Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL] [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2013-01-01

113

Aggregate material formulated with MSWI bottom ash and APC fly ash for use as secondary building material.  

PubMed

The main goal of this paper is to obtain a granular material formulated with Municipal Solid Waste Incineration (MSWI) bottom ash (BA) and air pollution control (APC) fly ash to be used as secondary building material. Previously, an optimum concrete mixture using both MSWI residues as aggregates was formulated. A compromise between the environmental behavior whilst maximizing the reuse of APC fly ash was considered and assessed. Unconfined compressive strength and abrasion resistance values were measured in order to evaluate the mechanical properties. From these results, the granular mixture was not suited for certain applications owing to the high BA/APC fly ash content and low cement percentages used to reduce the costs of the final product. Nevertheless, the leaching test performed showed that the concentrations of all heavy metals were below the limits established by the current Catalan legislation for their reutilization. Therefore, the material studied might be mainly used in embankments, where high mechanical properties are not needed and environmental safety is assured. PMID:23102641

del Valle-Zermeño, R; Formosa, J; Chimenos, J M; Martínez, M; Fernández, A I

2013-03-01

114

The Impact of Accountability on Student Performance in a Secondary Physical Education Badminton Unit  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of accountability on the quality of student motor responses during a 10-day badminton unit with female high school students enrolled in a required physical education class. Students in the control class participated in the same learning activities taught by the same teacher as the treatment…

Lund, Jacalyn; Shanklin, Jennifer

2011-01-01

115

Advanced secondary recovery demonstration for the Sooner Unit. Annual report, October 1992--May 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this project are to demonstrate the effectiveness of a multi-diciplinary approach to targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management. The first phase involves geophysical, geological, and engineering data acquisition and analysis to identify optimum well sites and to develop a reservoir operations plan. This report summarizes activities concerned with phase I of the Sooner Unit Project.

Sippel, M.; Junkin, J.; Pritchett, R. [and others

1995-07-01

116

Computational Design of Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on Stable Zirconium Building Units for Storage and Delivery of Methane  

E-print Network

between 65 and 5.8 bar is 167 cc(STP)/cc (0.215 g/g), the highest among zirconium-based MOFs. HighComputational Design of Metal-Organic Frameworks Based on Stable Zirconium Building Units-organic framework (MOF) with high volumetric deliverable capacity for methane was synthesized after being identified

117

Assessment of the Technical Potential for Micro-Cogeneration in Small Commerical Buildings across the United States: Preprint  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents an assessment of the technical potential for micro-cogeneration in small commercial buildings throughout the United States. The cogeneration devices are simulated with the computer program EnergyPlus using models developed by Annex 42, a working group of the International Energy Agency's Energy Efficiency in Buildings and Community Systems (IEA/ECBCS). Although the Annex 42 models were developed for residential applications, this study applies them to small commercial buildings, assumed to have a total floor area of 500 m2 or less. The potential for micro-cogeneration is examined for the entire existing stock of small U.S. commercial buildings using a bottom-up method based on 1,236 EnergyPlus models.

Griffith, B.

2008-05-01

118

Design and Build of Reactor Simulator for Fission Surface Power Technology Demonstrator Unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Nuclear Systems Team at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) focuses on technology development for state of the art capability in non-nuclear testing of nuclear system and Space Nuclear Power for fission reactor systems for lunar and Mars surface power generation as well as radioisotope power systems for both spacecraft and surface applications. Currently being designed and developed is a reactor simulator (RxSim) for incorporation into the Technology Demonstrator Unit (TDU) for the Fission Surface Power System (FSPS) Program, which is supported by multiple national laboratories and NASA centers. The ultimate purpose of the RxSim is to provide heated NaK to a pair of Stirling engines in the TDU. The RxSim includes many different systems, components, and instrumentation that have been developed at MSFC while working with pumped NaK systems and in partnership with the national laboratories and NASA centers. The main components of the RxSim are a core, a pump, a heat exchanger (to mimic the thermal load of the Stirling engines), and a flow meter for tests at MSFC. When tested at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) the heat exchanger will be replaced with a Stirling power conversion engine. Additional components include storage reservoirs, expansion volumes, overflow catch tanks, safety and support hardware, instrumentation (temperature, pressure, flow) for data collection, and power supplies. This paper will discuss the design and current build status of the RxSim for delivery to GRC in early 2012.

Godfroy, Thomas; Dickens, Ricky; Houts, Michael; Pearson, Boise; Webster, Kenny; Gibson, Marc; Qualls, Lou; Poston, Dave; Werner, Jim; Radel, Ross

2011-01-01

119

3D Sensing Algorithms Towards Building an Intelligent Intensive Care Unit  

PubMed Central

Intensive Care Units (ICUs) are chaotic places where hundreds of tasks are carried out by many different people. Timely and coordinated execution of these tasks are directly related to quality of patient outcomes. An improved understanding of the current care process can aid in improving quality. Our goal is to build towards a system that automatically catalogs various tasks being performed by the bedside. We propose a set of techniques using computer vision and machine learning to develop a system that passively senses the environment and identifies seven common actions such as documenting, checking up on a patient, and performing a procedure. Preliminary evaluation of our system on 5.5 hours of data from the Pediatric ICU obtains overall task recognition accuracy of 70%. Furthermore, we show how it can be used to summarize and visualize tasks. Our system provides a significant departure from current approaches used for quality improvement. With further improvement, we think that such a system could realistically be deployed in the ICU. PMID:24303253

Lea, Colin; Facker, James; Hager, Gregory; Taylor, Russell; Saria, Suchi

120

Design and Build of Reactor Simulator for Fission Surface Power Technology Demonstrator Unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Nuclear Systems Team at Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) focuses on technology development for state of the art capability in non-nuclear testing of nuclear system and Space Nuclear Power for fission reactor systems for lunar and mars surface power generation as well as radioisotope power systems for both spacecraft and surface applications. Currently being designed and developed is a reactor simulator (RxSim) for incorporation into the Technology Demonstrator Unit (TDU) for the Fission Surface Power System (FSPS) Program which is supported by multiple national laboratories and NASA centers. The ultimate purpose of the RxSim is to provide heated NaK to a pair of Stirling engines in the TDU. The RxSim includes many different systems, components, and instrumentation that have been developed at MSFC while working with pumped NaK systems and in partnership with the national laboratories and NASA centers. The main components of the RxSim are a core, a pump, a heat exchanger (to mimic the thermal load of the Stirling engines), and a flow meter when being tested at MSFC. When tested at GRC the heat exchanger will be replaced with a Stirling power conversion engine. Additional components include storage reservoirs, expansion volumes, overflow catch tanks, safety and support hardware, instrumenta- tion (temperature, pressure, flow) data collection, and power supplies. This paper will discuss the design and current build status of the RxSim for delivery to GRC in early 2012.

Godfroy, T.; Dickens, R.; Houts, M.; Pearson, B.; Webster, K.; Gibson, M.; Qualls, L.; Poston, D.; Werner, J.; Radel, R.

121

Unspeciated organic emissions from combustion sources and their influence on the secondary organic aerosol budget in the United States  

PubMed Central

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed from the atmospheric oxidation of nonmethane organic gases (NMOG) is a major contributor to atmospheric aerosol mass. Emissions and smog chamber experiments were performed to investigate SOA formation from gasoline vehicles, diesel vehicles, and biomass burning. About 10–20% of NMOG emissions from these major combustion sources are not routinely speciated and therefore are currently misclassified in emission inventories and chemical transport models. The smog chamber data demonstrate that this misclassification biases model predictions of SOA production low because the unspeciated NMOG produce more SOA per unit mass than the speciated NMOG. We present new source-specific SOA yield parameterizations for these unspeciated emissions. These parameterizations and associated source profiles are designed for implementation in chemical transport models. Box model calculations using these new parameterizations predict that NMOG emissions from the top six combustion sources form 0.7 Tg y?1 of first-generation SOA in the United States, almost 90% of which is from biomass burning and gasoline vehicles. About 85% of this SOA comes from unspeciated NMOG, demonstrating that chemical transport models need improved treatment of combustion emissions to accurately predict ambient SOA concentrations. PMID:25002466

Jathar, Shantanu H.; Gordon, Timothy D.; Hennigan, Christopher J.; Pye, Havala O. T.; Pouliot, George; Adams, Peter J.; Donahue, Neil M.; Robinson, Allen L.

2014-01-01

122

Unspeciated organic emissions from combustion sources and their influence on the secondary organic aerosol budget in the United States.  

PubMed

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed from the atmospheric oxidation of nonmethane organic gases (NMOG) is a major contributor to atmospheric aerosol mass. Emissions and smog chamber experiments were performed to investigate SOA formation from gasoline vehicles, diesel vehicles, and biomass burning. About 10-20% of NMOG emissions from these major combustion sources are not routinely speciated and therefore are currently misclassified in emission inventories and chemical transport models. The smog chamber data demonstrate that this misclassification biases model predictions of SOA production low because the unspeciated NMOG produce more SOA per unit mass than the speciated NMOG. We present new source-specific SOA yield parameterizations for these unspeciated emissions. These parameterizations and associated source profiles are designed for implementation in chemical transport models. Box model calculations using these new parameterizations predict that NMOG emissions from the top six combustion sources form 0.7 Tg y(-1) of first-generation SOA in the United States, almost 90% of which is from biomass burning and gasoline vehicles. About 85% of this SOA comes from unspeciated NMOG, demonstrating that chemical transport models need improved treatment of combustion emissions to accurately predict ambient SOA concentrations. PMID:25002466

Jathar, Shantanu H; Gordon, Timothy D; Hennigan, Christopher J; Pye, Havala O T; Pouliot, George; Adams, Peter J; Donahue, Neil M; Robinson, Allen L

2014-07-22

123

Aerosol Precursor Emissions, Secondary Aerosol Production, and Climate-Forcing Gas Exchange in the Midwestern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aerosol precursors in the Midwest are generated from a myriad of sources including biogenic emissions of terpenes from the Ozarks region, anthropogenic emissions of volatile and semivolatile aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from the St. Louis airshed, and agricultural emissions of ammonia (NH3), amines, and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from animal husbandry and cropping systems of the Midwest Corn Belt. The deciduous and coniferous forests of the Ozarks region are significant sources of isoprene, monoterpenes, and sesquiterpenes that are sensitive to rising CO2 levels and temperature and generate light-scattering, secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Application of nitrogen fertilizers stimulates emissions of ammonia (NH3), nitric oxide (NO), and nitrous oxide (N2O) from agricultural soils and crops. Nitric acid, generated through photooxidation of NO emissions from fossil fuel combustion in urban air and from soil emissions in agroecosystems, reacts rapidly with NH3 to generate light-scattering, secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA). The atmospheric lifetime of N2O is about 120 years, making the substance a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming potential of 290 for a time horizon of 20 years relative to CO2. Emissions of CO2, N2O, and SIA precursors from the Midwest Corn Belt and surrounding areas are likely to increase in the near future as pastureland and prairie is converted to grow corn and other biofuel crops to meet the demand for renewable fuels. Several large river systems transport nutrients from fertilized fields of the Midwest agroecosystem to the Gulf of Mexico where plankton growth is accelerated. Microbial decomposition of plankton detritus consumes oxygen and creates a hypoxic zone, which might be a significant source of N2O.The presentation will discuss gaps in our knowledge of the production of climate-forcing species in the Midwestern United States.

Doskey, P. V.

2009-12-01

124

Characteristics of the 100 Largest Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts in the United States: 2008-09. Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2011-301  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the characteristics of the 100 largest public elementary and secondary school districts in the United States and its jurisdictions. These districts are defined as the 100 largest according to the size of their student population. The information in this report was provided by state education agency officials to the National…

Sable, Jennifer; Plotts, Chris; Mitchell, Lindsey

2010-01-01

125

Evaluation of radionuclide penetration of structural concrete surfaces in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building  

Microsoft Academic Search

The March 28, 1979 loss-of-coolant accident at Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) resulted in the exposure of \\/approx\\/3000 m² of reactor building internal concrete surfaces to both liquid-and vapor-borne contaminants. The period of contact between the major structural concrete surfaces and the aqueous solutions of mixed fission products ranged from a few days to several years. Exclusive of the

1988-01-01

126

The Design of Industrial Arts Workshops for Secondary General Schools in the Asian Region. School Building Digest 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curricula of industrial arts courses in the Asian Region are changing to a more general approach to arouse interest in, and simple understanding of, industry and industrial processes. Spaces for industrial arts should be less tightly tailored to the needs of specific subject fields than was the case in the past. In secondary general schools,…

Vickery, D. J.

127

The Building Blocks for JWST I and T (Integrations and Test) to Operations - From Simulator to Flight Units  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) Project has an extended integration and test (I&T) phase due to long procurement and development times of various components as well as recent launch delays. The JWST Ground Segment and Operations group has developed a roadmap of the various ground and flight elements and their use in the various JWST I&T test programs. The JWST Project s building block approach to the eventual operational systems, while not new, is complex and challenging; a large-scale mission like JWST involves international partners, many vendors across the United States, and competing needs for the same systems. One of the challenges is resource balancing so simulators and flight products for various elements congeal into integrated systems used for I&T and flight operations activities. This building block approach to an incremental buildup provides for early problem identification with simulators and exercises the flight operations systems, products, and interfaces during the JWST I&T test programs. The JWST Project has completed some early I&T with the simulators, engineering models and some components of the operational ground system. The JWST Project is testing the various flight units as they are delivered and will continue to do so for the entire flight and operational system. The JWST Project has already and will continue to reap the value of the building block approach on the road to launch and flight operations.

Fatig, Curtis; Ochs, William; Johns, Alan; Seaton, Bonita; Adams, Cynthia; Wasiak, Francis; Jones, Ronald; Jackson, Wallace

2012-01-01

128

The Chemicals of the Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

129

Understanding Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

130

Understanding Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Chidume, Kwashira

131

Learning to be a Scientist. Study Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide introduces students to…

Stocklmayer, Sue

132

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

133

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

134

Living Things and Their Food. Teacher's Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

135

Living Things and Their Food. Study Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

136

Energy for Living. Study Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide includes activities and…

Hosking, Bunty

137

Energy for Living. Teacher's Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

138

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

139

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

140

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

141

Using Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

142

How to Build a Unit of Work. Bulletin, 1946, No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Units of work represent an effort on the part of the school to relate subject matter and the development of skills in the organization of children's learning about important interests, topics, or problems. The units are made by teachers with their children and are designed to fit the situation in which they are to be used. There is no single…

Strickland, Ruth G.

1946-01-01

143

Integrating Content Knowledge-Building and Student-Regulated Comprehension Practices in Secondary English Language Arts Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this experimental study we examined the effects of integrating teacher-directed knowledge-building and student-regulated comprehension practices in 7th- to 10th-grade English language arts classes. We also investigated the effect of instructional quality and whether integrating practices differentially benefitted students with lower entry-level…

Simmons, Deborah; Fogarty, Melissa; Oslund, Eric L.; Simmons, Leslie; Hairrell, Angela; Davis, John; Anderson, Leah; Clemens, Nathan; Vaughn, Sharon; Roberts, Greg; Stillman, Stephanie; Fall, Anna-Maria

2014-01-01

144

Building Aautomation system embedded air-handling unit performance degradation detector  

E-print Network

Virtual sensors Reference energy use Impact ? Career transition Bes-Tech Inc./industry to academia ? Varied academic and professional experience (project manager, professional engineer, teaching instructor and researcher) ? Focused on improving building..., September 14-17, 2014 Building Energy Efficiency Laboratory @ OU 9 Virtual Energy Meters in an AHU 0.0 2.5 5.0 7.5 10.0 12.5 15.0 17.5 20.0 0 50 100 150 200 H o u r l y w a t e r f l o w r a t e ( g p m ) Hours Ultrasonic Virtual Results show 0...

Song, L.; Wang, G.

2014-01-01

145

Let's Talk about Friendship: An Anti-Bias Unit on Building Classroom Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many classrooms, children behave in rude and hateful ways. According to the American Association of University Women (AAUW), "Sexual harassment of girls by boys--from innuendo to actual assault--in the nation's schools is increasing" (AAUW, 2001). In this article, the author features the anti-bias curriculum approach to building friendships and…

Kieff, Judith

2005-01-01

146

Utilization of Latent Heat Storage Unit for Comfort Ventilation of Buildings in Hot and Dry Climates  

Microsoft Academic Search

In hot and dry climatic conditions of South Asia, summer night temperatures are low, and phase change material (PCM) based heat storage technique could be used as heat sink to reduce ambient air temperature during hot day times, as an alternate of current ventilation techniques for the building sector. This can help in reducing electricity consumption and consequently reducing green

A. Waqas; S. Kumar

2011-01-01

147

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model allied In Build is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1995$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

MJ Scott; DJ Hostick; DB Elliott

2000-03-20

148

Camel Single-domain Antibodies as Modular Building Units in Bispecific and Bivalent Antibody Constructs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Single-domain antibodies against various antigens are isolated from the unique heavy-chain antibodies of immunized camels and llamas. These minimal sized binders are very robust and bind the antigen with high affinity in a monomeric state. We evaluated the feasibil- ity to produce soluble, functional bispecific and bivalent antibodies in Escherichia coli with camel single-domain antibody fragments as building blocks. Two

Katja Els Conrath; Mark Lauwereys; Lode Wyns; Serge Muyldermans

2001-01-01

149

Responding To Changes in the Decommissioning Plans for Demolition of a Former Active Handling Building at The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Establishment Winfrith  

Microsoft Academic Search

The full decommissioning of the former Active Handling Building A59 at Winfrith in Dorset is being carried out by RWE NUKEM Limited under contract from the site owners and nuclear site licence holder, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA). Following recent government changes, the United Kingdom's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) has now set up contracts with UKAEA for delivery of

N. Brown; S. J. Parkinson; R. M. Cornell; A. T. Staples

2006-01-01

150

IM-16: A new microporous germanosilicate with a novel framework topology containing d4r and mtw composite building units  

SciTech Connect

The synthesis and the structure of IM-16 a new germanosilicate with a novel zeolitic topology prepared hydrothermally with the ionic liquid 3-ethyl-1-methyl-3H-imidazol-1-ium as the organic structure-directing agent are reported. The structure of calcined and partially rehydrated IM-16 of chemical formula |(H{sub 2}O){sub 0.16}|[Si{sub 3.47}Ge{sub 2.53}O{sub 12}] was solved from powder XRD data in space group Cmcm with a=15.0861(2) A, b=17.7719(3) A, c=19.9764(3) A, V=5355.84(12) A{sup 3} (Z=16). This new zeolite framework type contains 10-MRs channels and may be described from the d4r and mtw composite building units. - Graphical abstract: The synthesis and the structure of IM-16 a new germanosilicate with a novel zeolitic topology prepared hydrothermally with the ionic liquid 3-ethyl-1-methyl-3H-imidazol-1-ium as the organic structure-directing agent are reported. This new zeolite framework type contains 10-MRs channels and may be described from the d4r and mtw composite building units.

Lorgouilloux, Yannick; Dodin, Mathias [Laboratoire de Materiaux a Porosite Controlee (UMR 7016 CNRS, ENSCMu, UHA), 3 rue Alfred Werner, 68093 Mulhouse Cedex (France); Paillaud, Jean-Louis [Laboratoire de Materiaux a Porosite Controlee (UMR 7016 CNRS, ENSCMu, UHA), 3 rue Alfred Werner, 68093 Mulhouse Cedex (France)], E-mail: Jean-Louis.Paillaud@uha.fr; Caullet, Philippe; Michelin, Laure; Josien, Ludovic [Laboratoire de Materiaux a Porosite Controlee (UMR 7016 CNRS, ENSCMu, UHA), 3 rue Alfred Werner, 68093 Mulhouse Cedex (France); Ersen, Ovidiu [IPCMS-GSI, UMR 7504 (CNRS, ULP), 23 rue du Loess, BP 43, 67034 Strasbourg, Cedex 2 (France); Bats, Nicolas [IFP-Lyon, BP3, 69360 Solaize (France)

2009-03-15

151

Evaluation of nuclear facility decommissioning projects. Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building decontamination. Summary status report. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes information relating to decontamination of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor building. The report covers activities for the period of June 1, 1979 through March 29, 1985. The data collected from activity reports, reactor containment entry records, and other sources were entered into a computerized data system which permits extraction/manipulation of specific information which can be used in planning for recovery from an accident similar to that experienced at TMI-2 on March 28, 1979. This report contains summaries of man-hours, manpower, and radiation exposures incurred during decontamination of the reactor building. Support activities conducted outside of radiation areas are excluded from the scope of this report. Computerized reports included in this document are: a chronological summary listing work performed relating to reactor building decontamination for the period specified; and summary reports for each major task during the period. Each task summary is listed in chronological order for zone entry and subtotaled for the number of personnel entries, exposures, and man-hours. Manually-assembled table summaries are included for: labor and exposures by department and labor and exposures by major activity.

Doerge, D.H.; Miller, R.L.; Scotti, K.S.

1986-05-01

152

A Methodology for Building Faculty Support for the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence from extant literature indicates that faculty support is a critical driver for implementing the United Nations Principles for Responsible Management Education (PRME), particularly for schools pursuing an advanced, cross-disciplinary level of sustainability integration. However, there is limited existing research offering insight into how…

Maloni, Michael J.; Smith, Shane D.; Napshin, Stuart

2012-01-01

153

Building Regional Threat-Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Estuaries are ecologically and economically valuable and have been highly degraded from both land and sea. Estuarine habitats in the coastal zone are under pressure from a range of human activities. In the United States and elsewhere, very few conservation plans focused on estuaries are regional in scope; fewer still address threats to estuary long term viability.We have compiled basic

Matthew S. Merrifield; Ellen Hines; Xiaohang Liu; Michael W. Beck; Simon Thrush

2011-01-01

154

Web-Enhanced, Standards-Oriented Teaching Units on Post-Wall Germany for the Secondary School Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the creation and use of Web sites developed by secondary school teachers of German and European history who participated in an NEH-sponsored summer institute titled "Post-Wall Germany: Integrating Post-Unification German Culture into the High School Curriculum. Teacher participants also offer suggestions for using sites they created in…

Van Handle, Donna C.; Ayres, Evelyn; Cimino, Ellen; Dunn, Bryan; Foell, Kimberly; McCarthy, Jennifer K.

2001-01-01

155

Design Quality Indicator for Schools in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In December 2005, the United Kingdom launched a process for evaluating the design quality of primary and secondary school buildings. The Design Quality Indicator (DQI) for Schools is a tool that can assist stakeholders--teachers, parents, school governors, students, community members, local authority clients and building professionals--to achieve…

PEB Exchange, 2006

2006-01-01

156

Metal–organic frameworks constructed from monomeric, dimeric and trimeric phenanthroline citrate zinc building units  

PubMed Central

Adduct of mononuclear and dinuclear citrate zinc complex [Zn(Hcit)(phen)(H2O)][Zn2(Hcit)(phen)2(H2O)3]·13.5H2O (1) and its aggregate [Zn3(Hcit)2(phen)4]n·14nH2O (2) (H4cit = citric acid, phen = 1,10-phenanthroline) were synthesized in weak acidic solutions. The former was obtained from the reaction of zinc nitrate, citric acid and phenanthroline in a molar ratio of 3 : 2 : 3, while a slightly excess of phenanthroline results in the formation of the polymeric product 2 in a molar ratio of 3 : 2 : 4. Transformation of 1 to 2 was finished by the reaction of 1 with an equimolar of phenanthroline in 72% yield. Reverse conversion of 2 to 1 is obtained in 77% yield, showing an equilibrium between 1 and 2. Neutral compound 1 consists of one monomeric anionic unit [Zn(Hcit)(phen)(H2O)]? and one dimeric cationic unit [Zn2(Hcit)(phen)2(H2O)3]+ that connect each other by strong hydrogen bonds [O6?O4w 2.636(2); O7?O3w 2.630(3) Å]. In 2, the citrate ligand links each trinuclear unit [Zn3(Hcit)2(phen)4] to generate an infinite 1D chain that extents into a 3D supramolecular structure by intra- and inter-molecular hydrogen bonds. Moreover, 1 and 2 exhibit strong fluorescence at room temperature. PMID:23516124

Zhang, Rong-Hua; Xia, Wen-Sheng; Wang, Hong-Xin; Zhou, Zhao-Hui

2013-01-01

157

Integration of Photovoltaics into Building Energy Usage through Advanced Control of Rooftop Unit  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a computational approach to forecast photovoltaic (PV) power in kW based on a neural network linkage of publicly available cloud cover data and on-site solar irradiance sensor data. We also describe a control approach to utilize rooftop air conditioning units (RTUs) to support renewable integration. The PV forecasting method is validated using data from a rooftop PV panel installed on the Distributed Energy, Communications, and Controls (DECC) laboratory at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The validation occurs in multiple phases to ensure that each component of the approach is the best representation of the actual expected output. The control of the RTU is based on model predictive methods.

Starke, Michael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL] [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL] [ORNL; Ollis, Benjamin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL] [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

158

Open frameworks based on mono-lanthanide-substituted polyoxometaloaluminate building units: Syntheses, structures and properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Metal-substituted polyoxometalates are one of the most important research branch in polyoxometalate chemistry and have attached an increasing attention due to not only their intriguing structural diversity but also their special properties applicable to material science. In this paper, A series of novel lanthanide-substituted polyoxometaloaluminates (LSPs), K2(H2O)4Ln(H2O)7[Ln(H2O)3HAlW11O39]·nH2O (Ln=Pr 1, Nd 2, Sm 3, Eu 4, Gd 5, Tb 6; for 1, n=8; for 2,4,5,6, n=7; for 3, n=9), have been hydrothermally made and characterized by infrared (IR) spectra, thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction, respectively. The experimental results indicate these compounds exhibit 3-D frameworks with Gra-type topology constructed by lanthanide cations, mono- lanthanide-substituted [Gd(H2O)3HAlW11O39]5- cluster units and K+ cations. The photoluminescence measurements show that Compounds 2, 4, 6 exhibit the characteristic emission for Nd3+, Eu3+ and Tb3+ cations, respectively. In addition, this series of LSPs show weak second harmonic generation effects and ferroelectric properties. The success in making 1-6 not only provides innovative examples in search of new POM species, but also may open up possibilities for the design of LSP-based materials with related functions.

Li, Xin-Xiong; Cheng, Lin; Yang, Guo-Yu

2013-07-01

159

Building Regional Threat-Based Networks for Estuaries in the Western United States  

PubMed Central

Estuaries are ecologically and economically valuable and have been highly degraded from both land and sea. Estuarine habitats in the coastal zone are under pressure from a range of human activities. In the United States and elsewhere, very few conservation plans focused on estuaries are regional in scope; fewer still address threats to estuary long term viability.We have compiled basic information about the spatial extent of threats to identify commonalities. To do this we classify estuaries into hierarchical networks that share similar threat characteristics using a spatial database (geodatabase) of threats to estuaries from land and sea in the western U.S.Our results show that very few estuaries in this region (16%) have no or minimal stresses from anthropogenic activity. Additionally, one quarter (25%) of all estuaries in this study have moderate levels of all threats. The small number of un-threatened estuaries is likely not representative of the ecological variability in the region and will require working to abate threats at others. We think the identification of these estuary groups can foster sharing best practices and coordination of conservation activities amongst estuaries in any geography. PMID:21387006

Merrifield, Matthew S.; Hines, Ellen; Liu, Xiaohang; Beck, Michael W.

2011-01-01

160

LBT adaptive secondary electronics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The adaptive secondary mirror is a fundamental part in the LBT adaptive optics architecture. The thin, continuous mirror is controlled by 672 electromagnetic actuators (voice coil motors) with local position feedback (capacitive sensor) and allows to perform from tip-tilt to high order wavefront correction, but also chopping. The adaptive secondary is controlled by a DSP-based dedicated electronics. The control electronics does not only implement the mirror position control tasks, but does also realize the Real Time Reconstructor (RTR). The control system, while maintaining a similar architecture to the MMT adaptive secondary one, shows a substantial enhancement in terms of computational power, rising in the range of hundreds of Gigaflops. This allows to minimize the computational time required to apply the wavefront correction pattern from the wavefront sensor acquisition, even in case of high order reconstructor dynamics. The electronics is housed in compact cooled crates placed in the adaptive secondary hub. Apart from the power supply lines, it is connected to the other components of the adaptive control system just through a very high speed fiber optic link, capable of 2.9 Gigabit/s of actual data throughput. The control system has been designed according to modular concept, so that the number of channels can be easily increased or reduced for adapting the electronics to different correctors. A substantial effort has been dedicated to the flexibility and on-field configurability of system. In this frame, the same electronics (or part of it) can be easily adapted to become the building block for the data processing unit required for Multi-Conjugated Adaptive Optics

Biasi, Roberto; Andrighettoni, Mario; Veronese, Daniele; Biliotti, Valdemaro; Fini, Luca; Riccardi, Armando; Mantegazza, Paolo; Gallieni, Daniele

2003-02-01

161

Development of Knowledge Frameworks and Higher Order Cognitive Operations among Secondary School Students Who Studied a Unit on Ecology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews 9th and 10th grade students (n=13) who studied an ecology unit and analyzed tape-recorded data for changes in organization of knowledge, represented by ideational networks and the development of higher cognitive operations. Provides insights into how students developed knowledge schemata, ideational networks, and the capacity to express…

Bischoff, Paul J.; Anderson, O. Roger

2001-01-01

162

Musical Preference, Identification, and Familiarity: A Multicultural Comparison of Secondary Students from Singapore and the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors investigate whether there were significant differences in preferences for, familiarity with, and identification of Chinese, Malay, and Indian music between adolescent students from Singapore (n = 78) and the United Kingdom (n = 53). Also explored are the relationships among these three variables. Students were asked to rate their…

Teo, Timothy; Hargreaves, David J.; Lee, June

2008-01-01

163

Secondary amenorrhea  

MedlinePLUS

Amenorrhea - secondary; No periods - secondary; Absent periods - secondary; Absent menses - secondary; Absence of periods - secondary ... In addition to having no menstrual periods, other symptoms can ... gain or weight loss Discharge from the breast ( galactorrhea ) or ...

164

Addendum to the Corrective Action Decision Document/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 & Building 03-58 Underground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 & Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This document constitutes an addendum to the March 2000, Corrective Action Decision Document / Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 & 03-58 Underground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 & Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points (TTR) as described in the document Recommendations and Justifications for Modifications for Use Restrictions Established under the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (UR Modification document) dated February 2008. The UR Modification document was approved by NDEP on February 26, 2008. The approval of the UR Modification document constituted approval of each of the recommended UR modifications. In conformance with the UR Modification document, this addendum consists of: • This cover page that refers the reader to the UR Modification document for additional information • The cover and signature pages of the UR Modification document • The NDEP approval letter • The corresponding section of the UR Modification document This addendum provides the documentation justifying the cancellation of the UR for CAS 03-51-001-0355 – Photo Shop UDP, Drains in CAU 429. It should be noted that there are no changes to CAU 406. This UR was established as part of a Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) corrective action and is based on the presence of contaminants at concentrations greater than the action levels established at the time of the initial investigation (FFACO, 1996; as amended August 2006). Since this UR was established, practices and procedures relating to the implementation of risk-based corrective actions (RBCA) have changed. Therefore, this UR was re-evaluated against the current RBCA criteria as defined in the Industrial Sites Project Establishment of Final Action Levels (NNSA/NSO, 2006c). This re-evaluation consisted of comparing the original data (used to define the need for the UR) to risk-based final action levels (FALs) developed using the current Industrial Sites RBCA process. The re-evaluation resulted in a recommendation to remove the UR because contamination is not present at the site above the risk-based FALs. Requirements for inspecting and maintaining this UR will be canceled, and the postings and signage at this site will be removed. Fencing and posting may be present at this site that are unrelated to the FFACO UR such as for radiological control purposes as required by the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual (NNSA/NSO, 2004f). This modification will not affect or modify any non-FFACO requirements for fencing, posting, or monitoring at this site.

Lynn Kidman

2008-10-01

165

Theory Building and Modeling in a Sinking and Floating Unit: A Case Study of Third and Fourth Grade Students' Developing Epistemologies of Science. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to carefully examine the evolution of students' theory building and modeling, critical components of scientific epistemologies, over a unit of study on sinking and floating in one third/fourth grade classroom. The study described in this paper follows in the tradition of Design Experiments (Brown 1992, Collins 1990)…

Kawasaki, Keiko; Herrenkohl, Leslie Rupert; Yeary, Sherry A.

2004-01-01

166

Theory Building and Modeling in a Sinking and Floating Unit: A Case Study of Third and Fourth Grade Students' Developing Epistemologies of Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to carefully examine the evolution of students' theory building and modeling, critical components of scientific epistemologies, over a unit of study on sinking and floating in one third/fourth grade classroom. The study described in this paper follows in the tradition of Design Experiments ( Brown 1992 , Collins 1990 )…

Kawasaki, Keiko; Rupert Herrenkohl, Leslie; Yeary, Sherry

2004-01-01

167

Corrective action investigation plan for Corrective Action Unit Number 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at Corrective Action Unit (CAU) Number 423, the Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP), which is located in Area 3 at the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, part of the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 225 kilometers (140 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. CAU Number 423 is comprised of only one Corrective Action Site (CAS) which includes the Building 03-60 UDP and an associated discharge line extending from Building 03-60 to a point approximately 73 meters (240 feet) northwest. The UDP was used between approximately 1965 and 1990 to dispose of waste fluids from the Building 03-60 automotive maintenance shop. It is likely that soils surrounding the UDP have been impacted by oil, grease, cleaning supplies and solvents as well as waste motor oil and other automotive fluids released from the UDP.

NONE

1997-10-27

168

Long-Term Electronic Technology Trends: Forecasted Impacts on Education. Paper presented to Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, Committee on Education and Labor, Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education (April 25, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The technological-driven future will evolve through the next decades to massively impact elementary and secondary education, starting in the 1980 decade and building toward revolutionizing education in the 1990 decade. The evolving "silicon revolution" is producing a continuing list of new electronic technology poised at the threshold for massive…

Joseph, Earl C.

169

Chiropractic management of mechanical low back pain secondary to multiple-level lumbar spondylolysis with spondylolisthesis in a United States Marine Corps veteran: a case report  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective This case report describes the evaluation and conservative management of mechanical low back pain secondary to multiple-level lumbar spondylolysis with spondylolisthesis in a United States Marine Corps veteran within a Veterans Affairs Medical Center chiropractic clinic. Clinical Features The 43-year–old patient had a 20-year history of mechanical back pain secondary to an injury sustained during active military duty. He had intermittent radiation of numbness and tingling involving the right lower extremity distal to the knee. Radiographs of the lumbosacral region demonstrated a grade I spondylolisthesis of L3 in relation to L4 and a grade II spondylolisthesis of L4 in relation to L5 secondary to bilateral pars interarticularis defects. There was marked narrowing of the L4-5 disk space with associated subchondral sclerosis. Intervention and Outcome A course of conservative management consisting of 10 treatments including lumbar flexion/distraction and activity modification was provided over an 8-week period. Despite the long-standing nature of the complaint and underlying multiple-level lumbar spondylolysis with spondylolisthesis, there was a 25% reduction in low back pain severity on the numeric rating scale and a 22% reduction in perceived disability related to low back pain on the Revised Oswestry Disability Questionnaire. Conclusions Conservative management is considered to be the standard of care for spondylolysis and should be explored in its various forms for symptomatic low back pain patients who present without neurologic deficits and with spondylolisthesis below grade III. The response to treatment for the veteran patient in this case suggests that lumbar flexion/distraction may serve as a safe and effective component of conservative management of mechanical low back pain for some patients with spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis. PMID:19703668

Dunn, Andrew S.; Baylis, Shayne; Ryan, Danielle

2009-01-01

170

Improved secondary recovery demonstration for the Sooner Unit. Quarterly technical report, January 1, 1995--March 31, 1995  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project is to demonstrate the effectiveness of geologically targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management to obtain maximum oil recovery from the Sooner Unit in the Denver-Julesburg (D-J) Basin. The Sooner Unit Field is located about 100 miles northeast from Denver, Colorado and produces from the fluvial-deltaic Cretaceous {open_quotes}D{close_quotes} Sand formation at an average depth of 6,200 ft. The first phase of the project will involve multi-disciplinary reservoir characterization and recovery identification in which high-density 3-D seismic. detailed stratigraphy and engineering analysis will be used to identify optimum infill well sites and production/withdrawal schedules. One well will be drilled during this phase to obtain data pertinent to seismic activities. The second phase will involve implementation of the selected technologies by drilling geologically targeted infill wells and establishing production/injection schedules. Evaluation of results from the second phase will be performed using reservoir simulation. transient well tests and careful production tests of producing wells. The objective will be to compare the prediction of ultimate recovery resulting from the implementation of these technologies with that which would have occurred in the absence of these technologies. The third phase of the project will involve technology transfer through a series of technical papers and presentations of a short course. Emphasis will be on the economics of the project and implemented technologies. Small to medium sized independents will be targeted. The success of this project and effective technology transfer should prompt-re-appraisal of older waterflood projects and implementation of new projects in oil provinces such as the D-J Basin.

NONE

1995-05-08

171

Ag(I)/V(V) heterobimetallic frameworks generated from novel-type {Ag2(VO2F2)2(triazole)4} secondary building blocks: a new aspect in the design of SVOF hybrids.  

PubMed

A series of new silver(I)-containing MOFs [Ag(2)(tr(2)ad)(2)](ClO(4))(2) (1), [Ag(2)(VO(2)F(2))(2)(tr(2)ad)(2)]·H(2)O (2), [Ag(2)(VO(2)F(2))(2)(tr(2)eth)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (3), and [Ag(2)(VO(2)F(2))(2)(tr(2)cy)(2)]·4H(2)O (4) supported by 4-substituted bifunctional 1,2,4-triazole ligands (tr(2)ad = 1,3-bis(1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)adamantane, tr(2)eth = 1,2-bis(1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)ethane, tr(2)cy = trans-1,4-bis(1,2,4-triazol-4-yl)cyclohexane) were hydrothermally synthesized and structurally characterized. In these complexes, the triazole heterocycle as an N(1),N(2)-bridge links either two adjacent Ag-Ag or Ag-V centers at short distances forming polynuclear clusters. The crystal structure of compound 1 is based on cationic {Ag(2)(tr)(4)}(2+) fragments connected in a 2D rhombohedral grid network with (4,4) topology. The neighboring layers are tightly packed into a 3D array by means of argentophilic interactions (Ag···Ag 3.28 Å). Bridging between different metal atoms through the triazole groups assists formation of heterobimetallic Ag(I)/V(V) secondary building blocks in a linear V-Ag-Ag-V sequence that is observed in complexes 2-4. These unprecedented tetranuclear {Ag(2)(VO(2)F(2))(2)(tr)(4)} units (the intermetal Ag-Ag and Ag-V distances are 4.24-4.36 and 3.74-3.81 Å, respectively), in which vanadium(V) oxofluoride units possess distorted trigonal bipyramidal environment {VO(2)F(2)N}¯, are incorporated into 1D ribbon (2) or 2D square nets (3, 4) using bitopic ?(4)-triazole ligands. The valence bond calculation for vanadium atoms shows +V oxidation state in the corresponding compounds. Thermal stability and photoluminescence properties were studied for all reported coordination polymers. PMID:22831832

Senchyk, Ganna A; Bukhan'ko, Valeriy O; Lysenko, Andrey B; Krautscheid, Harald; Rusanov, Eduard B; Chernega, Alexandr N; Karbowiak, Miroslaw; Domasevitch, Konstantin V

2012-08-01

172

TECHNICAL EVALUATION OF SOIL REMEDIATION ALTERNATIVES AT THE BUILDING 812 OPERABLE UNIT, LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY SITE 300  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Livermore Site Office requested a technical review of remedial alternatives proposed for the Building 812 Operable Unit, Site 300 at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The team visited the site and reviewed the alternatives proposed for soil remediation in the draft RI/FS and made the following observations and recommendations. Based on the current information available for the site, the team did not identify a single technology that would be cost effective and/or ecologically sound to remediate DU contamination at Building 812 to current remedial goals. Soil washing is not a viable alternative and should not be considered at the site unless final remediation levels can be negotiated to significantly higher levels. This recommendation is based on the results of soil washing treatability studies at Fernald and Ashtabula that suggest that the technology would only be effective to address final remediation levels higher than 50 pCi/g. The technical review team identified four areas of technical uncertainty that should be resolved before the final selection of a preferred remedial strategy is made. Areas of significant technical uncertainty that should be addressed include: (1) Better delineation of the spatial distribution of surface contamination and the vertical distribution of subsurface contamination in the area of the firing table and associated alluvial deposits; (2) Chemical and physical characterization of residual depleted uranium (DU) at the site; (3) Determination of actual contaminant concentrations in air particulates to support risk modeling; and (4) More realistic estimation of cost for remedial alternatives, including soil washing, that were derived primarily from vendor estimates. Instead of conducting the planned soil washing treatability study, the team recommends that the site consider a new phased approach that combines additional characterization approaches and technologies to address the technical uncertainty in the remedial decision making. The site should redo the risk calculations as the future use scenario has changed for the site. As a result, the existing model is based on very conservative assumptions that result in calculation of unreasonably low cleanup goals. Specifically, the review team proposes that LLNL consider: (1) Revising the industrial worker scenario to a reasonable maximum exposure (RME) for a site worker that performs a weekly walk down of the area for two hours for 25 years (or an alternative RME if the exposure scenario changes); (2) Revising the ESSI of 2 mg U per kg soil for the deer mouse to account for less than 0.05 of the total ingested uranium being adsorbed by the gut; (3) Revising bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) for vegetation and invertebrates that are based on 100 mg of soluble uranium per kg of soil, as the uranium concentration in the slope soil does not average 100 mg/kg and it is not all in a soluble form; and (4) Measuring actual contaminant concentrations in air particulates at the site and using the actual values to support risk calculations. The team recommends that the site continue a phased approach during remediation. The activities should focus on elimination of the principal threats to groundwater by excavating (1) source material from the firing table and alluvial deposits, and (2) soil hotspots from the surrounding slopes with concentrations of U-235 and U-238 that pose unacceptable risk. This phased approach allows the remediation path to be driven by the results of each phase. This reduces the possibility of costly 'surprises', such as failure of soil treatment, and reduces the impact of remediation on endangered habitat. Treatment of the excavated material with physical separation equipment may result in a decreased volume of soil for disposal if the DU is concentrated in the fine-grained fraction, which can then be disposed of in an offsite facility at a considerable cost savings. Based on existing data and a decision to implement the recommended phased approach, the cost of characterization, excavation and physical

Eddy-Dilek, C.; Miles, D.; Abitz, R.

2009-08-14

173

Case mix, outcomes and comparison of risk prediction models for admissions to adult, general and specialist critical care units for head injury: a secondary analysis of the ICNARC Case Mix Programme Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

INTRODUCTION: This report describes the case mix and outcome (mortality, intensive care unit (ICU) and hospital length of stay) for admissions to ICU for head injury and evaluates the predictive ability of five risk adjustment models. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from the Intensive Care National Audit and Research Centre (ICNARC) Case Mix Programme, a high quality

Jonathan A Hyam; Catherine A Welch; David A Harrison; David K Menon

2006-01-01

174

Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides materials for a competency-based course in building trades at the secondary level. The curriculum design uses the curriculum infused model for the teaching of basic skills as part of vocational education and demonstrates the relationship of vocationally related skills to communication, mathematics, and science…

Gudzak, Raymond

175

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase “Can We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!” until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) — Project: Build It" unit of study.

The Children's Museum of Indianapolis

2006-01-01

176

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit No. 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV), the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP), and the US Department of Defense. The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUS) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs) (FFACO, 1996). As per the FFACO (1996), CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites. Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at CAU No. 423, the Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP), which is located in Area 3 at the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, part of the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 225 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figures 1-1 and 1-2). Corrective Action Unit No. 423 is comprised of only one CAS (No. 03-02-002-0308), which includes the Building 03-60 UDP and an associated discharge line extending from Building 03-60 to a point approximately 73 meters (m) (240 feet [ft]) northwest as shown on Figure 1-3.

DOE /NV

1997-10-01

177

Responding To Changes in the Decommissioning Plans for Demolition of a Former Active Handling Building at The United Kingdom Atomic Energy Establishment Winfrith  

SciTech Connect

The full decommissioning of the former Active Handling Building A59 at Winfrith in Dorset is being carried out by RWE NUKEM Limited under contract from the site owners and nuclear site licence holder, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority (UKAEA). Following recent government changes, the United Kingdom's Nuclear Decommissioning Authority (NDA) has now set up contracts with UKAEA for delivery of the site clean-up programme. The building contains two heavily shielded suites of caves originally used to carry out remote examination of irradiated nuclear fuel elements together with other supporting facilities. The original intention was to demolish the caves ahead of the building but after detailed consideration it was concluded that demolition of the building in advance of the caves was more operationally effective. As a result, the original decommissioning plan had to be reworked to reflect these changes. The paper briefly explains how this situation arose and the means by which the problems experienced were overcome by a complete revision to the decommissioning programme. The updated plan has been adopted by UKAEA and work is now proceeding apace to clear the building of redundant items, to complete decontamination of all remaining areas and facilities and to carry out detailed radiological surveys to confirm that the building structure is clean and ready for demolition. Both cave lines have been completely decontaminated to low residual levels of activity and are essentially ready for controlled demolition. This paper describes some of the significant tasks undertaken during the past year with particular reference to the decommissioning techniques that gave the greatest success and the limitations of others originally considered. Some of these processes were aimed at minimising the volume of low level waste (LLW) generated by using standard off-the-shelf equipment to remove contamination from {approx}5 Ton concrete blocks recovered from both cave line structures. A novel hot-cutting technique used to remove steel coatings from sections of each block was also instrumental in assisting with achieving this objective. Finally, the paper sets out the plans that have been developed for the sequenced demolition of the building structure, the two heavily reinforced concrete cave lines and the base slab. This will include details of the means by which residually contaminated and partly inaccessible items will be recovered for disposal during the demolition process. The decommissioning programme remains on schedule and has been achieved by the employment of a non-adversarial team working approach between client and contractor. This has greatly assisted in developing cost-effective and safe solutions to a number of problems that have arisen during the programme, demonstrating the worth of adopting this co-operative approach for mutual benefit. (authors)

Brown, N.; Parkinson, S.J.; Cornell, R.M. [RWE NUKEM Limited, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset (United Kingdom); Staples, A.T. [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, Winfrith Technology Centre, Dorchester, Dorset (United Kingdom)

2006-07-01

178

The role of irregular unit, GAAS, on the secondary structure of Bombyx mori silk fibroin studied with 13C CP/MAS NMR and wide-angle X-ray scattering  

PubMed Central

Bombyx mori silk fibroin is a fibrous protein whose fiber is extremely strong and tough, although it is produced by the silkworm at room temperature and from an aqueous solution. The primary structure is mainly Ala-Gly alternative copolypeptide, but Gly-Ala-Ala-Ser units appear frequently and periodically. Thus, this study aims at elucidating the role of such Gly-Ala-Ala-Ser units on the secondary structure. The sequential model peptides containing Gly-Ala-Ala-Ser units selected from the primary structure of B. mori silk fibroin were synthesized, and their secondary structure was studied with 13C CP/MAS NMR and wide-angle X-ray scattering. The 13C isotope labeling of the peptides and the 13C conformation-dependent chemical shifts were used for the purpose. The Ala-Ala units take antiparallel ?-sheet structure locally, and the introduction of one Ala-Ala unit in (Ala-Gly)15 chain promotes dramatical structural changes from silk I (repeated ?-turn type II structure) to silk II (antiparallel ?-sheet structure). Thus, the presence of Ala-Ala units in B. mori silk fibroin chain will be one of the inducing factors of the structural transition for silk fiber formation. The role of Tyr residue in the peptide chain was also studied and clarified to induce "locally nonordered structure." PMID:12142441

Asakura, Tetsuo; Sugino, Rena; Okumura, Tatsushi; Nakazawa, Yasumoto

2002-01-01

179

Secondary infection and clinical aspects after pandemic swine–origin influenza a (H1N1) admission in an Iranian critical care unite  

PubMed Central

Objective: A new flu virus (H1N1) swine origin and cause of human infection with acute lung disease was published in the world and led to many patients were admitted in intensive care unit (ICU). Materials and Methods: In a prospective descriptive study, all ICU patients in a pulmonary disease specialist hospital between April 2010 and July 2011 with confirmed infection (H1N1) were evaluated. Information including demographic, clinical and microbiology using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version 16 was studied and classified. Results: Of 46 patients hospitalized with confirmed diagnosis of swine flu pneumonia (H1N1), 20 cases (43.7%) admitted in ICU out of which 10 cases were males (50%), the mean age was 36.9 and the range was 21-66 years. Nine patients (45%) had underlying diseases. Most underlying disease was respiratory disease in which four cases (20%) were of asthma and one patient had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). No admission of pregnant patient with swine flu was reported in the ICU. Cough and sputum were the most frequent symptoms (19 patients equal 95%). Four patients (20%) were admitted with decreased level of consciousness and five cases (25%) died during hospitalization. Conclusion: It seems, swine flu with high mortality and transfer rates is a worldwide health problem. Because of limited treatment regimen, the risk of secondary infection and high need to intensive care in H1N1 pneumonia, environmental control, including vaccination of high risk people and public announcement, make determining role in controlling of this disease.

Hashemian, Seyed Mohammadreza; Tabarsi, Payam; Nadji, Seyed Alireza; Jamaati, Hamidreza; Mohajerani, Seyed Amir; Shamaee, Massoud; Chitsazan, Mandana; Radmand, Golnar; Maadani, Mohammadreza; Mansouri, Seyed Davoud

2014-01-01

180

Development projects: Secondary school, Arnold   

E-print Network

This BULLETIN describes a secondary school at Arnold, Nottinghamshire, designed by the Development Group of the Architects and Building Branch of the Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Local Education Authority. It was the sixth...

Anonymous

181

The economic viability of micro units in New York City : when the market wants to build big  

E-print Network

Micro-Units are tiny apartments which are currently being discussed, developed, or prototyped in several major American cities. This thesis examines the assumption underlying the push to change regulations to allow micro ...

Disbrow, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lynn)

2013-01-01

182

Classroom Temperature, Clothing and Thermal Comfort -- A Study of Secondary School Children in Summertime. Building Research Establishment Current Paper 22/74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study of summertime classroom temperature and its relationship to the clothing worn by English secondary school children. Data on classroom temperatures and children's clothing were recorded during one summer for a total of 987 lessons. Analysis of the data showed that the strong clothing-temperature correlation could be…

Humphreys, M. A.

1974-01-01

183

Factors that Influence Participation of Students in Secondary Science and Mathematics Subjects in IB Schools Outside of the United States and Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affect the extent of international secondary students' participation in International Baccalaureate science and mathematics courses. The factors examined were gender, home region, size, percent host culture and age of the program, and coeducational and legal status of the school. Participation in math and science subjects was determined by analyzing the level and number of courses taken by students taking International Baccalaureate exams in 2010. Chi-Square and Cramer's V analysis were used to measure the effect of categorical variables on student participation and One-Way ANOVA and Bonferroni comparison of means were used to analyze the quantitative variables. All categorical variables were statistically significant (p<.01). Home region was the most important factor affecting participation in both math and science. Students from East, Southeast and South-Central Asia; and Eastern Europe have greater participation in math. The highest science participation came from students in East, Southern and Western Africa; and Southeast Asia. Top participators in science came from Australia/New Zealand, Northern Europe, East Africa and South-Central and Western Asia. State schools showed higher math and science participation. Science and math participation was also greater in all-male schools though associations were weak. Boys participated more than girls, especially in math. All quantitative variables were statistically significant. The program size had the largest effect size for both math and science with larger programs showing more participation at the higher level. A decreasing trend for age of the program and percent host culture was found for math participation. Three years of participation data were collected from an international school in Western Europe (n = 194). Variables included the influence of parent occupation, math preparedness (PSAT-Math), student achievement (GPA), and the importance of significant others in career and academic decisions. Findings indicate that performance on the PSAT- Math was the most important predictor of both science and mathematics participation. Twenty students were also interviewed. Results showed the importance of several key factors. These include the role of parents in student academic and career decisions, the importance of personal interest, and the contribution of early decisions in confidence-building.

Straffon, Elizabeth

184

Modernising Portugal's Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Portugal has a total of 477 public secondary schools. Some date from the end of the 19th century but the majority were built after 1970, reflecting the period of expansion in the school network and the extension of compulsory schooling. The schools are heterogeneous in terms of building types, architectural features and quality. An assessment of…

Heitor, Teresa V.

2008-01-01

185

Development and application of an information-analytic system on the problem of flow accelerated corrosion of pipeline elements in the secondary coolant circuit of VVER-440-based power units at the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Specific features relating to development of the information-analytical system on the problem of flow-accelerated corrosion of pipeline elements in the secondary coolant circuit of the VVER-440-based power units at the Novovoronezh nuclear power plant are considered. The results from a statistical analysis of data on the quantity, location, and operating conditions of the elements and preinserted segments of pipelines used in the condensate-feedwater and wet steam paths are presented. The principles of preparing and using the information-analytical system for determining the lifetime to reaching inadmissible wall thinning in elements of pipelines used in the secondary coolant circuit of the VVER-440-based power units at the Novovoronezh NPP are considered.

Tomarov, G. V.; Povarov, V. P.; Shipkov, A. A.; Gromov, A. F.; Kiselev, A. N.; Shepelev, S. V.; Galanin, A. V.

2015-02-01

186

Carbohydrate receptors combining both a macrocyclic building block and flexible side arms as recognition units: design, syntheses, and binding studies.  

PubMed

Carbohydrate receptors combining a macrocyclic building block and two flexible side arms were designed on the base of the analysis of the binding motifs found in the crystal structures of the complexes formed between artificial receptors and monosaccharides, reported previously by our group. Binding studies in two-phase systems, such as extractions of sugars from water into organic phase, as well as in homogeneous organic media, using (1)H NMR and fluorescence spectroscopic titrations, confirmed the suitability of the designed compounds to act as highly effective and selective carbohydrate receptors. Depending on the nature of the bridges and side arms used as the building blocks, various receptors with different binding properties could be developed. The obtained results confirmed the validity of the receptor design and revealed that crystalline receptor-sugar complexes are particularly a valuable basis for the design of new effective receptor systems. PMID:25531805

Lippe, Jan; Mazik, Monika

2015-02-01

187

Closure report for decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) category, Corrective Action Unit 95, EPA Farm Laboratory Building 15-06, Nevada Test Site  

SciTech Connect

The EPA Farm Laboratory Building 15-06 was located in Area 15 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS), Nye County, Nevada. The facility is identified as Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 95, Corrective Action Site 15-41-01, in the Federal Facilities Agreement and Consent Order and was assigned to Functional Category 41 (Decontamination and Decommissioning [D and D] Facility.) In August 1997, the Department of Energy/Nevada (DOE/NV) accelerated the corrective actions for CAU 95. A final Corrective Action Decision Document and a draft Corrective Action Plan were submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP) and notification was made to the NDEP that work would proceed at the site while the documents were reviewed. The NDEP approved the decontamination and demolition of the Laboratory Building as the corrective action alternative most suitable for the closure of CAU 95. Closure activities were initiated on September 2, 1997 and completed October 23, 1997. The decontamination of Building 15-06 was accomplished in conference with the D and D Subproject Characterization Work Plan and the Quality Assurance Project Plan.

NONE

1998-02-01

188

Comorbidity and health-related quality of life in patients with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease attending Swedish secondary care units  

PubMed Central

Introduction Our understanding of how comorbid diseases influence health-related quality of life (HRQL) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is limited and in need of improvement. The aim of this study was to examine the associations between comorbidities and HRQL as measured by the instruments EuroQol-5 dimension (EQ-5D) and the COPD Assessment Test (CAT). Methods Information on patient characteristics, chronic bronchitis, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, renal impairment, musculoskeletal symptoms, osteoporosis, depression, and EQ-5D and CAT questionnaire results was collected from 373 patients with Forced Expiratory Volume in one second (FEV1) <50% of predicted value from 27 secondary care respiratory units in Sweden. Correlation analyses and multiple linear regression models were performed using EQ-5D index, EQ-5D visual analog scale (VAS), and CAT scores as response variables. Results Having more comorbid conditions was associated with a worse HRQL as assessed by all instruments. Chronic bronchitis was significantly associated with a worse HRQL as assessed by EQ-5D index (adjusted regression coefficient [95% confidence interval] ?0.07 [?0.13 to ?0.02]), EQ-5D VAS (?5.17 [?9.42 to ?0.92]), and CAT (3.78 [2.35 to 5.20]). Musculoskeletal symptoms were significantly associated with worse EQ-5D index (?0.08 [?0.14 to ?0.02]), osteoporosis with worse EQ-5D VAS (?4.65 [?9.27 to ?0.03]), and depression with worse EQ-5D index (?0.10 [?0.17 to ?0.04]). In stratification analyses, the associations of musculoskeletal symptoms, osteoporosis, and depression with HRQL were limited to female patients. Conclusion The instruments EQ-5D and CAT complement each other and emerge as useful for assessing HRQL in patients with COPD. Chronic bronchitis, musculoskeletal symptoms, osteoporosis, and depression were associated with worse HRQL. We conclude that comorbid conditions, in particular chronic bronchitis, depression, osteoporosis, and musculoskeletal symptoms, should be taken into account in the clinical management of patients with severe COPD. PMID:25653516

Sundh, Josefin; Johansson, Gunnar; Larsson, Kjell; Lindén, Anders; Löfdahl, Claes-Göran; Janson, Christer; Sandström, Thomas

2015-01-01

189

Mangroves Build Land. "Mangroves are a Valuable Resource." Grades 7 and 8. A Two Lesson Unit. Student Learning Activity Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is an activity and film-oriented unit focusing on the importance of mangroves in the South Florida ecosystem. The module is part of a series designed to be used by teachers, students, and community members to help them utilize community resources in developing and teaching environmental concepts and responsibility, and in seeking ways…

Frank, James

190

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003  

EIA Publications

The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States.

2008-01-01

191

The Influence of Anthropogenic Sources on Fluxes of Secondary Organic Aerosol Precursors From a Deciduous Forest in the Southeastern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The dynamic, bi-directional exchange of trace chemical species between forests and the atmosphere has important impacts on both the forest ecosystem and atmospheric composition, with potentially profound consequences on air quality, climate and global ecosystem functioning. Forests are a dominant source of biogenic volatile organic compound (BVOC) emissions into the earth's atmosphere and thus play an important role in the formation of secondary organic aerosol (SOA). To arrive at a better scientific understanding of the complex chemical and physical processes of forest-atmosphere exchange and provide a platform for robust analysis of field measurements of these processes, a process-level, multiphase model of the atmospheric chemistry and physics of forest canopies is being developed. This model, the Atmospheric Chemistry and Canopy Exchange Simulation System (ACCESS) is being used to investigate various aspects of forest-atmosphere exchange and chemistry including gas, aqueous and aerosol phases. ACCESS currently includes processes accounting for the emission of BVOCs from the canopy, turbulent vertical transport within and above the canopy and throughout the height of the planetary boundary layer, detailed chemical reactions, mixing with the background atmosphere and bi-directional exchange between the atmosphere and the canopy and the forest floor. The Walker Branch Watershed (WBW) is a dedicated ecosystem research area on the U. S. Department of Energy's Oak Ridge Reservation in eastern Tennessee. The 97.5 ha watershed has been the site of long-term ecosystem and atmospheric research activities since the mid-1960's. A flux tower located within the watershed (35°57'30"N, 84°17'15"W; 365 m above mean sea level) and 10 km southwest of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, has served as a focal point for previous atmospheric turbulence and chemical flux measurements and the canopy morphology of the forest surrounding the flux tower has been extensively documented. The forest is broadleaf deciduous consisting of chestnut oak (Quercus prinus), tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), white oak (Quercus alba), red oak (Quercus rubra), red maple (Acer rubrum), and various hickory species (Carya sp.) in order of decreasing biomass density. At the time of isoprene flux measurements made at the tower in 1999, the stand was approximately 50 years old, the overstory canopy height was 24 m, and the whole canopy leaf area index was 4.9 m2 leaf/m2 ground area. In this presentation, the model formulation is described and results from the application of ACCESS to the WBW forest are presented and compared to measurements made at the site to investigate the influence of background anthropogenic sources on above canopy fluxes of SOA precursors in an isoprene emission dominated landscape in the unique atmospheric chemical environment of the southeastern United States. In particular, levels of background NOx concentrations are found to significantly influence both the magnitude and chemical composition of fluxes of SOA precursors from the canopy.

Saylor, R. D.; Stein, A. F.

2012-12-01

192

BUILDING OF A LIFE SIZE TESTING UNIT FOR AIR CONDITIONNING BY USING TBAB HYDRATE SLURRY AS A SECONDARY TWO-PHASE  

E-print Network

the night in an isolated tank. Phase change materials based on ice slurries have been developed by Heat to the air-conditioning heat exchangers. The prototype is instrumented in order to check the energy balances in TBAB hydrates in a second step. Keywords: gas hydrates, quaternary ammoniums, phase change materials

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

193

Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association. Report to the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lending and secondary market activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) since it began operations in 1973 were reviewed. Specific areas of review were: the Association's legislative development and financial activities, its profitability compared to commercial banks and other government-sponsored enterprises that provide…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

194

SEASONAL AND REGIONAL VARIATIONS OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY ORGANIC AEROSOLS OVER THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: SEMI-EMPIRICAL ESTIMATES AND MODEL EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Seasonal and regional variations of primary (OCpri) and secondary (OCsec) organic carbon aerosols across the continental U.S. for the year 2001 were examined by a semi-empirical technique using observed OC and elemental carbon (EC) data from 142 routine moni...

195

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 and Building 03-58 Under ground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 and Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO (1996), CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites. Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at the Underground Discharge Points (UDPs) included in both CAU 406 and CAU 429. The CAUs are located in Area 3 and Area 9 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, included in the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 255 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

DOE/NV

1999-05-20

196

Secondary parkinsonism  

MedlinePLUS

Secondary parkinsonism may be caused by health problems, including: Brain injury Diffuse Lewy body disease (a type of dementia ) Encephalitis HIV/AIDS Meningitis Multiple system atrophy Progressive ...

197

Field Testing and Evaluation of a Research and Instructional Unit for Increasing the Utilization of Research and Development Information and Techniques in a Secondary School System. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to determine the effectiveness of a Research and Instructional Unit (R & I Unit) in promoting increased use of research data and methodology in curricular decisionmaking at the classroom level, the Far West Laboratory for Educational Research and Development, in cooperation with Tamalpais Union High School District, conducted a pilot…

Torrey, Robert D.

198

Automatic Building Detection Using LIDAR Data and Multispectral Imagery  

Microsoft Academic Search

An automatic building detection technique using LIDAR data and multispectral imagery has been proposed. Two masks are obtained from the LIDAR data: a 'primary building mask' and a 'secondary building mask'. The primary building mask indicates the void areas where the laser does not reach below a certain height threshold. The secondary building mask indicates the filled areas, from where

Mohammad Awrangjeb; Mehdi Ravanbakhsh; Clive S. Fraser

2010-01-01

199

Molybdophosphonate clusters as building blocks in the oxomolybdate-organodiphosphonate/cobalt(II)-organoimine system: structural influences of secondary metal coordination preferences and diphosphonate tether lengths.  

PubMed

Hydrothermal conditions have been used in the preparation of a series of organic-inorganic hybrid materials of the cobalt-molybdophosphonate family. The reactions of MoO(3), cobalt(II) acetate or cobalt(II) acetylacetonate, tetra-2-pyridylpyrazine (tpyprz), and organodiphosphonic acids H(2)O(3)P(CH(2))nPO(3)H(2) (n = 1-5 and 9) of varying tether lengths yielded compounds of the general type {Co(2)(tpyprz)(H(2)O)(m)}4+/MoxOy{O(3)P(CH(2))(n)PO(3)}z. The recurring theme of the structural chemistry is the incorporation of {Mo(5)O(15)(O(3)PR)(2)}(4-) clusters as molecular building blocks observed in the structures of nine phases (compounds 2-9 and 11). The structural consequences of variations in reaction conditions are most apparent in the series with propylene diphosphonate, where four unique structures 4-7 are observed, including two distinct three-dimensional architectures for compounds 5 and 6 whose formulations differ only in the number of water molecules of crystallization. With pentyldiphosphonate, a second phase 10 is obtained which exhibits a unique cluster building block, the hexamolybdate [Mo(6)O(18){O(3)P(CH(2))(5)PO(3)}](4-). In the case of methylenediphosphonic acid, a third structural motif, the trinuclear {(Mo(3)O(8))(O(3)PCH(2)PO(3))}2- subunit, is observed in compound 1. The structural chemistry of compounds 1-11 of this study is quite distinct from that of the {Ni(2)(tpyprz)(H(2)O)(m)}(4+)/Mo(x)O(y){O(3)P(CH(2))(n)PO(3)}z family, as well as that of the copper-based family. The structural diversity of this general class of materials reflects the coordination preferences of the M(II) sites, the extent of aqua ligation to the M(II) sites, the participation of both phosphate oxygen atoms and molybdate oxo-groups in linking to the M(II) sites, and the variability in the number of attachment sites at the molybdophosphonate clusters. Since the charge densities at the peripheral oxygen atoms of the clusters are quite uniform, the attachment of {M(2)(tpyprz)}(4+) subunits to the molybdophosphonates appears to be largely determined by steric, coulombic, and packing factors, as shown by extensive density functional theory calculations. PMID:18181615

Armatas, N Gabriel; Allis, Damian G; Prosvirin, Andrew; Carnutu, Gabriel; O'Connor, Charles J; Dunbar, Kim; Zubieta, Jon

2008-02-01

200

[C(6)H(5)NH(CH(3))(2)](2)Te(2)I(10): secondary I...I bonds build up a 3D network.  

PubMed

The crystal structure of [C(6)H(5)NH(CH(3))(2)](2)Te(2)I(10) consists of the N,N-dimethylanilinium cation and a hitherto unreported tellurium iodide anion Te(2)I(10)(2)(-) [crystal data: C(8)H(12)NTeI(5), monoclinic, P2(1)/c, a = 9.4787(2) A, b = 14.2874(3) A, c = 13.6869(3) A, beta = 95.1918(8) degrees, V = 1845.96(7) A(3), Z = 4]. The Te(2)I(10)(2)(-) dianion is based on two edge-sharing TeI(6)(2)(-) octahedra, and interestingly, it builds up a three-dimensional Te(IV)-I open framework through extensive interconnecting I.I contacts. These I.I contacts (3.66-3.80 A) are significantly shorter than the corresponding sum of van der Waals radii (4.0 A) and may potentially promote charge carrier migration throughout the Te-I network. This material can also be drop-cast into thin films from a heated DMF solution. PMID:15236517

Ryan, Jacqueline M; Xu, Zhengtao

2004-07-12

201

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01

202

[Secondary rhinoplasty].  

PubMed

Secondary rhinoplasty is very usual. Some patients are not satisfied by the previous surgery because the result is poor with obvious defaults but, sometimes, the result is good but the patient expects perfection. These two different situations will not lead to the same answer from the surgeon. Techniques of secondary rhinoplasty are the same than primary, but are often more difficult to perform because of scar tissue, retraction and loss of lining. The authors analyse the more frequent deformities in secondary rhinoplasty and the way they fix them. PMID:25213488

Duron, J-B; Nguyen, P S; Bardot, J; Aiach, G

2014-12-01

203

At the new General Motors, we are passionate about designing, building and selling the world's best vehicles. This vision unites us as a team each and every day and is the hallmark  

E-print Network

At the new General Motors, we are passionate about designing, building and selling the world's best vehicles. This vision unites us as a team each and every day and is the hallmark of our customer experience to our customers around the world. General Motors continues to develop innovative technologies

Ghosh, Joydeep

204

Building Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Building Design site bills itself as "the architects" website", and it is a claim that is quite accurate and apropos. Designed to complement their print publication, the site is a treasure-trove of material for just about anyone who is involved in any aspect of building, including architects, design theorists, planners, and so on. As the magazine is based in the United Kingdom, there's definitely a British Isles focus. Readers probably won't mind as the site offers excellent coverage of the field in the "News" section, where they can sign up to receive email updates, watch some slideshows of new and proposed buildings, and read long-form pieces. Not surprisingly, the site is keeping up with the proverbial Joneses" by offering a smattering of intelligent and lively blogs, coupled with podcasts that mix contemporary interviews and discussions with archived materials such as talks with Buckminster Fuller on his environmental philosophy.

205

Secondary Headaches  

MedlinePLUS

... Migraine and Other Headaches Headache Journal - Public Site Art Gallery Art Gallery Support the AMF American Migraine Foundation The ... but there are usually clues in the medical history or examination to suggest secondary headache. Headache can ...

206

Peritonitis - secondary  

MedlinePLUS

... hole may be caused by a ruptured appendix, stomach ulcer, or perforated colon. It may also come from an injury, such as a gunshot or knife wound. Secondary peritonitis ... affect premature babies who have necrotizing enterocolitis .

207

Poor Mothers' Rights to Education: Access and Support for Post-secondary Education in Aotearoa\\/New Zealand and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the 1996 Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA), commonly known as welfare reform, women in the United States who were previously eligible to attend college while receiving welfare benefits now need to meet mandatory work requirements. Public discourse on social welfare and welfare reform holds up an ideal of equal respect and reciprocity that is consistent with

Jill McLean Taylor

208

Cascading the Use of Web 2.0 Technology in Secondary Schools in the United Kingdom: Identifying the Barriers beyond Pre-Service Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on research that took place at two universities in the United Kingdom, over two years. The research focuses on the use of Web 2.0 technology, specifically blogs, with pre-service teachers, both during their university programme and the first year of teaching as full-time newly qualified teachers (NQTs). The purpose of this…

Boulton, Helen; Hramiak, Alison

2014-01-01

209

Sources of particulate matter in the northeastern United States in summer: 1. Direct emissions and secondary formation of organic matter in urban plumes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ship and aircraft measurements of aerosol organic matter (OM) and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) were made in fresh and aged pollution plumes from major urban areas in the northeastern United States in the framework of the 2004 International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation (ICARTT) study. A large part of the variability in the data was quantitatively described

J. A. de Gouw; C. A. Brock; E. L. Atlas; T. S. Bates; F. C. Fehsenfeld; P. D. Goldan; J. S. Holloway; W. C. Kuster; B. M. Lerner; B. M. Matthew; A. M. Middlebrook; T. B. Onasch; R. E. Peltier; P. K. Quinn; C. J. Senff; A. Stohl; A. P. Sullivan; C. Warneke; R. J. Weber; E. J. Williams

2008-01-01

210

[Conservation Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional units deal with each aspect of conservation: forests, wildlife, rangelands, water, minerals, and soil. The area of the secondary school curriculum with which each is correlated is indicated. Lists of general and specific objectives are followed by suggested teaching procedures, including ideas for introducing the topic, questions to…

Texas Education Agency, Austin.

211

Commercial Buildings Characteristics, 1992  

SciTech Connect

Commercial Buildings Characteristics 1992 presents statistics about the number, type, and size of commercial buildings in the United States as well as their energy-related characteristics. These data are collected in the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS), a national survey of buildings in the commercial sector. The 1992 CBECS is the fifth in a series conducted since 1979 by the Energy Information Administration. Approximately 6,600 commercial buildings were surveyed, representing the characteristics and energy consumption of 4.8 million commercial buildings and 67.9 billion square feet of commercial floorspace nationwide. Overall, the amount of commercial floorspace in the United States increased an average of 2.4 percent annually between 1989 and 1992, while the number of commercial buildings increased an average of 2.0 percent annually.

Not Available

1994-04-29

212

[Secondary dyslipidemias].  

PubMed

Dyslipidemias rank among the most important preventabile factors of atherogenesis and its progression. This topic is increasingly being discussed as e.g. more than 50% of Slovak population die on atherosclerotic complications. According to etiology we distinguish primary dyslipidemias with strictly genetic background and secondary ones with origin in other disease or pathological state. Secondary dyslipidemias accompany various diseases, from common (endocrinopathies, renal diseases etc) to rare ones (thesaurismosis etc.) and represents one of symptoms of these diseases. Apart from particular clinical follow up of diagnosed dysipidemias, basic screening and secondary causes as well as treatment due to updated guidelines is recuired. In this review we present the most frequent dyslipidemias of clinical practice. PMID:22486289

Vargová, V; Pytliak, M; Mechírová, V

2012-03-01

213

Aging Curriculum. Secondary, 7-12.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Units of study to help secondary students learn about the aging process are provided. There are five units. Major concepts taught in the first unit, "Chronological Aging," are that aging is a continual process, that generational cycles ensure survival, and that species depend on each other for survival. In the second unit, students learn that…

Minnesota Board on Aging, St. Paul.

214

World Concerns and the United Nations: Model Teaching Units for Primary, Secondary and Teacher Educators Based on the Work of Participants in the UN Fellowship Programme for Educators (1975-1981) and the UNESCO Associated Schools Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook is designed to provide prototype materials on world issues suitable for adaptation to national and regional needs. Materials can also be adapted for many curriculum subjects at levels ranging from kindergarten to grade 12. A total of 26 units are organized into five sections. Following a foreword, introduction, and guidelines, a…

United Nations, New York, NY.

215

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Student Centre 1n International Office 33 INTO at Queen's 13 and Student Affairs 3 Administration Building 32 Ashby Building 27 Belfast City Hospital 28 Bernard Crossland

Paxton, Anthony T.

216

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Student Centre's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir Building School Offices

Paxton, Anthony T.

217

Joint China-United States Report for Year 1 Insulation Materials and Systems Project Area Clean Energy Research Center Building Energy Efficiency (CERC-BEE)  

SciTech Connect

In November of 2009, the presidents of China and the U.S. announced the establishment of the Clean Energy Research Center (CERC). This broad research effort is co-funded by both countries and involves a large number of research centers and universities in both countries. One part of this program is focused on improving the energy efficiency of buildings. One portion of the CERC-BEE was focused on building insulation systems. The research objective of this effort was to Identify and investigate candidate high performance fire resistant building insulation technologies that meet the goal of building code compliance for exterior wall applications in green buildings in multiple climate zones. A Joint Work Plan was established between researchers at the China Academy of Building Research and Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Efforts in the first year under this plan focused on information gathering. The objective of this research program is to reduce building energy use in China via improved building insulation technology. In cold regions in China, residents often use inefficient heating systems to provide a minimal comfort level within inefficient buildings. In warmer regions, air conditioning has not been commonly used. As living standards rise, energy consumption in these regions will increase dramatically unless significant improvements are made in building energy performance. Previous efforts that defined the current state of the built environment in China and in the U.S. will be used in this research. In countries around the world, building improvements have typically followed the implementation of more stringent building codes. There have been several changes in building codes in both the U.S. and China within the last few years. New U.S. building codes have increased the amount of wall insulation required in new buildings. New government statements from multiple agencies in China have recently changed the requirements for buildings in terms of energy efficiency and fire safety. A related issue is the degree to which new standards are adopted and enforced. In the U.S., standards are developed using a consensus process, and local government agencies are free to implement these standards or to ignore them. For example, some U.S. states are still using 2003 versions of the building efficiency standards. There is also a great variation in the degree to which the locally adopted standards are enforced in different U.S. cities and states. With a more central process in China, these issues are different, but possible impacts of variable enforcement efficacy may also exist. Therefore, current building codes in China will be compared to the current state of building fire-safety and energy-efficiency codes in the U.S. and areas for possible improvements in both countries will be explored. In particular, the focus of the applications in China will be on green buildings. The terminology of 'green buildings' has different meanings to different audiences. The U.S. research is interested in both new, green buildings, and on retrofitting existing inefficient buildings. An initial effort will be made to clarify the scope of the pertinent wall insulation systems for these applications.

Stovall, Therese K [ORNL; Biswas, Kaushik [ORNL; Song, Bo [China Academy of Building Research; Zhang, Sisi [China Academy of Building Research

2012-08-01

218

Secondary hypoadrenalism  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary adrenal insufficiency (SAI) is a clinical disorder that results from hypothalamic or hypophyseal damage or from\\u000a prolonged administration of supraphysiological doses of glucocorticoids. Since glucocorticoids are widely used for a variety\\u000a of diseases, the prevalence of SAI is by far exceeding that of primary adrenal insufficiency. Although the presentation of\\u000a adrenal insufficiency may be insidious and difficult to recognize,

Giuseppe Reimondo; Silvia Bovio; Barbara Allasino; Massimo Terzolo; Alberto Angeli

2008-01-01

219

Building for Changing Functions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Northside Hall on the South Bend Campus of Indiana University is the first unit of a planned megastructure and is planned so that it is possible to make complete changes in the building rather than mere modifications. (Author/MLF)

American School and University, 1976

1976-01-01

220

GMT adaptive secondary design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The GMT adaptive secondary mirror (ASM) is based on a "segmented" concept following the primary segment layout: seven 1.05m diameter circular, independent adaptive mirrors are fed by the primaries and focus to the main telescope focal stations. The adaptive unit's design is based on the consolidated thin mirror, contactless technology already employed in several units (MMT, LBT, Magellan, VLT and one of the proposed E-ELT M4 designs), but nevertheless the mirror's topology reveals several design challenges. In particular, the off-axis units are strongly aspheric and therefore they require aspheric shaping of both thin mirror surfaces and of the thick reference body. The strong tilt of the off-axis units forced us to consider a peculiar fine positioning hexapod design, maximizing its stiffness and also implementing a special design of the last three rings of actuators to remain within the prescribed obstruction. From the control point of view, the actuator density of the adaptive mirrors is remarkably lower than in all previous units: 672 actuators with 36mm spacing compared to 30mm typical separation adopted so far. This choice is validated by static and dynamic performance computation though a sophisticated numerical simulator based on a full state space model incorporating mechanics, control and fluid dynamics. The control system fulfills the dimensional constraints of the unit. The design has completed the feasibility phase, including the cost estimate. The choice of making the GMT adaptive secondary mirrors similar to the already existing ones strongly reduces the implementation risks and allows shortening the remaining design path.

Biasi, R.; Veronese, D.; Andrighettoni, M.; Angerer, G.; Gallieni, D.; Mantegazza, M.; Tintori, M.; Lazzarini, P.; Manetti, M.; Johns, M. W.; Hinz, P. M.; Kern, J.

2010-07-01

221

Secondary Syphilitic Lesions  

PubMed Central

An important theme that emerges from all early historical accounts is that in addition to the decreased virulence of Treponema pallidum, the incidence of secondary syphilis has decreased drastically over the past three centuries. Even in the early 20th century, most syphilologists were of the opinion that the disease had undergone changes in its manifestations and that they were dealing with an attenuated form of the spirochete. Such opinions were based primarily on the observations that violent cutaneous reactions and fatalities associated with the secondary stage had become extremely rare. The rate of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States increased in 2002 for the second consecutive year. After a decade-long decline that led to an all-time low in 2000, the recent trend is attributable, to a large extent, by a increase in reported syphilis cases among men, particularly homosexual and bisexual men having sex with men. The present review addresses the clinical and diagnostic criteria for the recognition of secondary syphilis, the clinical course and manifestations of the disease if allowed to proceed past the primary stage of disease in untreated individuals, and the treatment for this stage of the disease. PMID:15653827

Baughn, Robert E.; Musher, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

222

The State of Music in Secondary Schools: The Principal's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to profile secondary school music programs in the United States and investigate principals' perceptions of those curricula. A survey form was sent to 1,000 secondary school principals, yielding a 54% response rate. That form was designed to answer the following questions: What is the profile of secondary music programs in the United States? How

Carlos R. Abril; Brent M. Gault

2008-01-01

223

Addendum to the Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 423: Area 3 Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, Revision 0  

SciTech Connect

This document constitutes an addendum to the July 1999, Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 423: Area 3 Building 0360 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada as described in the document Recommendations and Justifications for Modifications for Use Restrictions Established under the U.S. Department of Energy, National Nuclear Security Administration Nevada Site Office Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (UR Modification document) dated February 2008. The UR Modification document was approved by NDEP on February 26, 2008. The approval of the UR Modification document constituted approval of each of the recommended UR modifications. In conformance with the UR Modification document, this addendum consists of: • This cover page that refers the reader to the UR Modification document for additional information • The cover and signature pages of the UR Modification document • The NDEP approval letter • The corresponding section of the UR Modification document This addendum provides the documentation justifying the cancellation of the UR for CAS 03-02-002-0308, Underground Discharge Point. This UR was established as part of a Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) corrective action and is based on the presence of contaminants at concentrations greater than the action levels established at the time of the initial investigation (FFACO, 1996; as amended August 2006). Since this UR was established, practices and procedures relating to the implementation of risk-based corrective actions (RBCA) have changed. Therefore, this UR was re-evaluated against the current RBCA criteria as defined in the Industrial Sites Project Establishment of Final Action Levels (NNSA/NSO, 2006c). This re-evaluation consisted of comparing the original data (used to define the need for the UR) to risk-based final action levels (FALs) developed using the current Industrial Sites RBCA process. The re-evaluation resulted in a recommendation to remove the UR because contamination is not present at the site above the risk-based FALs. Requirements for inspecting and maintaining this UR will be canceled, and the postings and signage at this site will be removed. Fencing and posting may be present at this site that are unrelated to the FFACO UR such as for radiological control purposes as required by the NV/YMP Radiological Control Manual (NNSA/NSO, 2004f). This modification will not affect or modify any non-FFACO requirements for fencing, posting, or monitoring at this site.

Lynn Kidman

2008-10-01

224

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

(Student Accommodation) 5 Harty Room, School of Music 26 Health Sciences Building 3 Human Resources 11 Information Services 34 Institute of Professional Legal Studies (IPLS) 4 International and Postgraduate Accommodation Queen's University Belfast Campus Map The Lanyon Building The Students' Union The David Keir

Müller, Jens-Dominik

225

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH Joseph Black Building  

E-print Network

THE UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH Joseph Black Building King's Buildings A GUIDE TO ACCESS AND FACILITIES Joseph Black Building King's Buildings Edinburgh EH9 3JF United Kingdom http Access Guide for the Joseph Black Building Introduction. Joseph Black was born in Bordeaux

Edinburgh, University of

226

11. BUILDING NO. 18 (ENGINEERING BUILDING), CENTER, IN RELATION TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. BUILDING NO. 18 (ENGINEERING BUILDING), CENTER, IN RELATION TO BUILDING NO. 19 (BENDING SHOP AND OVEN) AT FAR LEFT, AND TO THE WET BASIN AT FAR RIGHT. VIEW TO NORTH-NORTHWEST. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

227

Smart buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Can building automation systems overcome interoperability problems to assert control over our offices, hotels, and airports? Efforts to make buildings smarter are focusing on cutting costs by streamlining building operations like air conditioning and lighting. Building automation is critical to these efforts, mainly because it could reduce the annual operating costs of buildings. This article outlines the latest building automation

D. Snoonian

2003-01-01

228

Building Trades 1. Course Outline.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to assist building trades instructors, this course outline to a prevocational building trades program for junior and senior high school students covers four occupational areas: carpentry, masonry, plumbing, and electricity. Specific notes to the administrator and teacher and the course goals precede the four occupational units. Each unit…

Hill, Clair S.

229

Improving Citizenship Education: Secondary Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to enrich secondary level social studies education, this manual provides teaching strategies and units on local, state, and federal government; global education; law and individual rights; and citizenship skills. Teaching strategies include case studies, using community resources, using the newspaper, quantitative inquiry, simulation…

Jackson, Edwin L., Ed.

230

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

231

Does traffic-related air pollution explain associations of aircraft and road traffic noise exposure on children's health and cognition? A secondary analysis of the United Kingdom sample from the RANCH project.  

PubMed

The authors examined whether air pollution at school (nitrogen dioxide) is associated with poorer child cognition and health and whether adjustment for air pollution explains or moderates previously observed associations between aircraft and road traffic noise at school and children's cognition in the 2001-2003 Road Traffic and Aircraft Noise Exposure and Children's Cognition and Health (RANCH) project. This secondary analysis of a subsample of the United Kingdom RANCH sample examined 719 children who were 9-10 years of age from 22 schools around London's Heathrow airport for whom air pollution data were available. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling. Air pollution exposure levels at school were moderate, were not associated with a range of cognitive and health outcomes, and did not account for or moderate associations between noise exposure and cognition. Aircraft noise exposure at school was significantly associated with poorer recognition memory and conceptual recall memory after adjustment for nitrogen dioxide levels. Aircraft noise exposure was also associated with poorer reading comprehension and information recall memory after adjustment for nitrogen dioxide levels. Road traffic noise was not associated with cognition or health before or after adjustment for air pollution. Moderate levels of air pollution do not appear to confound associations of noise on cognition and health, but further studies of higher air pollution levels are needed. PMID:22842719

Clark, Charlotte; Crombie, Rosanna; Head, Jenny; van Kamp, Irene; van Kempen, Elise; Stansfeld, Stephen A

2012-08-15

232

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance - United States Pacific Command (PACOM) Guam, Task 3.3: Building Retuning Training  

SciTech Connect

Document describes an onsite workshop and building retuning training conducted in Guam in August 2010. Document reports on issues identified during an audit of several buildings and recommendations to save energy throughout the site. During the workshop, it became apparent that as site personnel maintain the facilities at Guam, the following retuning efforts and strategies should be prioritized: (1) Controlling the mechanical systems operational hours and zone temperature set points appeared to present the best opportunities for savings; (2) Zone temperature set points in some buildings are excessively low, especially at night, when the zone temperatures are so cold that they approached the dewpoint; and (3) Manually-set outside air dampers are providing excessive outside air, especially for spaces that are unoccupied. Two of the larger schools, one on the Naval Base and one on Anderson AFB, are in need of a significant recommissioning effort. These facilities are relatively new, with direct digital controls (DDC) but are significantly out of balance. The pressure in one school is extremely negative, which is pulling humid air through the facility each time a door is opened. The draft can be felt several feet down the halls. The pressure in the other school is extremely positive relative to the outside, and you can stand 20-feet outside and still feel cool drafts of air exiting the building. It is recommended that humidity sensors be installed in all new projects and retrofitted into exist facilities. In this humid climate, control of humidity is very important. There are significant periods of time when the mechanical systems in many buildings can be unloaded and dehumidification is not required. The use of CO{sub 2} sensors should also be considered in representative areas. CO{sub 2} sensors determine whether spaces are occupied so that fresh air is only brought into the space when needed. By reducing the amount of outside air brought into the space, the humidity load is also substantially reduced. CO{sub 2} and humidity sensors, combined with outside air sensors, can be used to predict whether conditions are amenable to mold growth and to automatically adjust systems to help prevent mold without using extra energy. The goal of this training is to give the building operators the knowledge needed to make positive changes in the operation of building systems. As class participants apply this knowledge, building systems will run more efficiently, occupant comfort should improve, while saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Hatley, Darrel D.; Underhill, Ronald M.

2010-09-30

233

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Reforming Secondary Science Instruction offers detailed advice for changing your methods of teaching so that students are prepared for life and work. Follow along as your fellow teachers learn about inquiry, implement change strategies, try out innovative instructional materials, build professional learning communities and partnerships, use data from student assessments, and address the needs of linguistically diverse learners. The underlying message, as one author puts it, is "science education reform will not occur by simply adding occasional new activities to your teaching repertoire. Reform requires thought, work, and persistence." Every chapter offers you the opportunity to assess your own teaching techniques and find room for improvement. Whether you are early in your career or a seasoned professional, Reforming Secondary Science Instruction will help you craft a workable plan for giving your students the tools they need to succeed beyond your classroom.

2009-02-15

234

Partnerships in Pharma--An Economist Intelligence Unit Seminar--Building Innovation into Alliances and Business Models. 1 October 2010, London, UK.  

PubMed

The Partnerships in Pharma seminar, held in London, included topics related to building innovation into alliances and business models within the pharmaceutical industry. This conference report highlights selected presentations on strategies for successful partnering, partnering alongside an evolving CRO industry, considering the pharma value chain, and partnerships between industry and academia. Approaches used by Ipsen, Merck Serono, Pfizer and ViiV Healthcare are also described. PMID:21154130

Kibble, Alexandra

2010-12-01

235

Ga{sub 3}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 4}F{sub 4}(H{sub 3}DETA) (DETA=diethylenetriamine): A new open-framework fluorinated gallium phosphite with pentameric building unit  

SciTech Connect

Ga{sub 3}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 4}F{sub 4}(H{sub 3}DETA) is a new open-framework fluorinated gallium phosphite obtained by mild hydrothermal synthesis using diethylenetriamine as templated agent and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, the powder X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, TGA, ICP and elemental analyses. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c, a=12.741(6) A, b=12.068(6) A, c=11.988(5) A, {beta}=94.902(8){sup o}, V=1836.6(15) A{sup 3}, Z=4. The construction of 3D open-framework structure in the title compound may be viewed as the assembly of pentameric building units and HPO{sub 3} groups. The pentameric building unit is the first to be found, which lead to form the three types of channels along a-, b- and c-axes, respectively, in gallium phosphite. The triprotonated DETA cations are inserted within the 10-membered ring channels and interact with anions of the framework via hydrogen bonds.

Wang Li [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Song Tianyou [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Fan Yong [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Wang Ying [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Xu Jianing [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Shi Suhua [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)]. E-mail: shish@mail.jlu.edu.cn; Zhu Tao [Key Laboratory for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

2006-03-15

236

Linking Regulation of Practitioner School Psychology and the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child: The Need to Build a Bridge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2014, the 25th anniversary of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child presents an opportunity for school psychology to evaluate its achievements relevant to the Convention, as well as its current and future strategic adherence to the Convention's principles. With analysis of key school psychology documentation from the UK,…

Woods, Kevin; Bond, Caroline

2014-01-01

237

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares elementary and secondary schools in the United States to schools in 11 other countries. It analyzes the role of schools in preparing students either to continue their education or to enter the labor force. It addresses such questions as "Are there more children in poverty in the United States than in other countries?" and…

Perie, Marianne; Sherman, Joel D.; Phillips, Gabriele; Riggan, Matthew; Snyder, Thomas D.

238

Burnout and Secondary Trauma Among Forensic Interviewers of Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined factors associated with burnout and secondary trauma among forensic interviewers of abused children. Sixty-six forensic interviewers who are affiliated with advocacy centers across the United States completed an online survey. The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale were used to measure burnout and secondary trauma, respectively. Results indicate that organizational satisfaction has a moderate inverse

Brian E. Perron; Barbara S. Hiltz

2006-01-01

239

ETR HEAT EXCHANGER BUILDING, TRA644. METAL FRAME OF BUILDING GOES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ETR HEAT EXCHANGER BUILDING, TRA-644. METAL FRAME OF BUILDING GOES UP IN BACKGROUND AS WORKERS PLACE A SECTION OF WATER LINE THAT WILL CARRY SECONDARY COOLANT BETWEEN HEAT EXCHANGER BUILDING AND THE COOLING TOWER. INL NEGATIVE NO. 56-2205. Jack L. Anderson, Photographer, 6/28/1956 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

240

Software for fault detection in HVAC systems in commercial buildings  

E-print Network

The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 41% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

Deshmukh, Suhrid Avinash

2014-01-01

241

Primary and Secondary Sources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use these links to learn more about primary and secondary sources. 1. Explore the links below to learn about primary and secondary sources. When you have finished, you should be able to: Tell the difference between primary and secondary sources. Give at least three examples of primary sources and three examples of secondary sources. Explain why primary sources are important in research. Examples of Primary Sources Examples of Primary and Secondary Sources on the Same Topic Genres/Formats of Primary Sources 2. ...

Albion Middle School Library--Mrs. Bates

2010-01-23

242

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE TRANSPORT MODIFICATION CENTER, CONSISTS OF FOUR HIGH-BAY CORRUGATED METAL STRUCTURES. BUILDING 440 WAS USED FOR PACKAGING AND STAGING SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND DEPLETED URANIUM FOR SHIPMENT AND TO MODIFY VEHICLES TO MEET SPECIFIC UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REQUIREMENTS. (2/8/84) - Rocky Flats Plant, Transport Modification Center, North of Cactus Avenue, approximately 400 feet east of Third Street, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

243

Building with Triangles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 3 lesson instructional unit helps students investigate many different aspects of triangles including basic properties of triangles, building other shapes from triangles, the dependence of the third side length on the other two (Triangle Inequality Theorem), and the Sierpinski Triangle fractal. The lesson includes student activity sheets and links to interactive applets.

Channel, Marea W.

1993-01-01

244

Building a Better World  

Microsoft Academic Search

Professor William Felice is dismayed by his students' lack of faith in the future. In his new book, The Global New Deal, he sets out to convince them that it is possible to build a new and better world order. In pursuing this task, he finds inspiration in Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal that helped the United States to escape

David Finegold; Edward E. Lawler III; Jay Conger

1999-01-01

245

Building With Triangles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This 3 lesson instructional unit helps students investigate many different aspects of triangles including basic properties of triangles, building other shapes from triangles, the dependence of the third side length on the other two (Triangle Inequality Theorem), and the Sierpinski Triangle fractal. The lesson includes student activity sheets and links to interactive applets.

Channel, Marea W.

1993-01-01

246

Building Migratory Bridges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Migratory Bridges (BOMB) program--a collaboration between the Marvel wood School and Audubon Sharon in Connecticut and Conservation Research Education Action (CR EA), a U.S. not-for-profit in Panama--uses nontropical migratory bird research in the United States and Panama to demonstrate how negative environmental impacts in one…

Roy, Michael; Doss, Laurie K.

2007-01-01

247

Building Trades II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains a curriculum guide, a set of lesson plans, a student manual, and a competency test packet for the Building Trades II course, the second year of a 2-year, 2-unit (350 hour) preemployment program for students in grades 11-12. This technical course is designed to develop the basic skills associated with builders. An additional…

Hamlin, Larry

248

40 CFR 241.3 - Standards and procedures for identification of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Standards and procedures for identification of non-hazardous secondary materials that are...IN COMBUSTION UNITS Identification of Non-Hazardous Secondary Materials That Are...Standards and procedures for identification of non-hazardous secondary materials that...

2011-07-01

249

Building America  

SciTech Connect

IBACOS researched the constructability and viability issues of using high performance windows as one component of a larger approach to building houses that achieve the Building America 70% energy savings target.

Brad Oberg

2010-12-31

250

Building national public health capacity for managing chemical events: A case study of the development of health protection services in the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

The revised International Health Regulations (2005) require that countries develop plans for chemical threats. In 2012, the World Health Assembly reported that most countries had not yet achieved ‘adequate capacity'. We review the evolution of chemical hazards services in the United Kingdom, the result of 15 years of grass-roots pressure and an accumulating weight of chemical incidents that eventually convinced the UK Department of Health of the need for a new national public health function, culminating, in 2003, in the creation of the Chemical Hazards Division of the new Health Protection Agency. Ten years later, public health services are again being radically reorganized with the creation of Public Health England, potentially destabilizing health protection arrangements and creating confusion among roles in managing chemical emergencies. Incorporating health protection into a broader public health organization, however, offers a new opportunity to broaden the scope of health protection services to embrace prevention of non-infectious environmental diseases. PMID:23447032

Palmer, Stephen; Coleman, Gary

2013-01-01

251

Building Bingo  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this on site "field trip" activity (located on pages 6-9 of PDF), learners get hands-on experience identifying building materials by playing "Building Bingo". To play, teams of learners locate interior and exterior building materials at their site, use the Natural Materials chart to complete the Building Materials Facts label, and cross off the boxes on their Bingo cards. This lesson guide includes suggestions/tips and game hand-outs.

2012-05-09

252

Collapsed Building  

USGS Multimedia Gallery

This masonry office building in the downtown area of Concepcion, Chile collapsed as a result of the M 8.8 earthquake on Feb. 27, 2010. The construction of this building predates the establishment of strict building codes in Chile, put in place following the devastating earthquake of 1960. ...

2010-03-30

253

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

254

Perceptions of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers towards Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers' perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their…

Bataineh, Osamah; Alazzi, Khaled F.

2009-01-01

255

Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in intensive care unit patients in a hospital with building construction: is there an association?  

PubMed Central

Background Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) has emerged globally as a significant pathogen in hospitals. It is also present in soil and water. In a previous study, we discovered that the A. baumannii class 2 integron occurred most frequently. Here, we determined whether the A. baumannii class 2 integron is in the soil around our hospital, and if the soil is the cause for increasing numbers of A. baumannii infections in our intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Methods This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted in two ICUs at Loghman-Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from November 2012 to March 2013. Patient, soil, and hospital environment samples were collected. All isolates were identified using standard bacteriologic and biochemical methods. The phenotypes and genotypes were characterized. The standard disc diffusion method was utilized to test antimicrobial susceptibility. Integron identification was performed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Results A total of 42 A. baumannii clinical strains were isolated, all from patient samples; 65% of the isolated species were classified as class 2 integrons. The strains were 100% resistant to piperacillin, piperacillin-tazobactam, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cotrimoxazole, cefepime, ceropenem, and cefotaxime. However, all of the strains were sensitive to polymyxin B. A. baumannii was detected around the lip of one patient. Conclusions Further research is necessary to establish a relationship between A. baumannii and soil, (especially in regards to its bioremediation), as well as to determine its importance in nosocomial infections and outbreaks in the ICU. PMID:24851165

Kamalbeik, Sepideh; Talaie, Haleh; Mahdavinejad, Arezou; Karimi, Abdollah

2014-01-01

256

Building Maintenance. Student Learning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This student learning guide contains one module for completing a course in building maintenance. It is designed especially for use in secondary schools in Palm Beach County, Florida. The module covers one task, and consists of a purpose, performance objective, enabling objectives, learning activities keyed to resources, information sheets, student…

Palm Beach County Board of Public Instruction, West Palm Beach, FL.

257

3. ROADWAY TO THE SOUTH OF BUILDING NO. 1. AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ROADWAY TO THE SOUTH OF BUILDING NO. 1. AT FAR LEFT IS THE SHADOW OF BUILDING NO. 6 (WAREHOUSE). ALSO VISIBLE AT THE LEFT IS BUILDING NO. 4 (BOILER HOUSE), BUILDING NO. 3 (GATE HOUSE), AND BUILDING NO. 2 (OFFICE BUILDING). IN THE RIGHT FOREGROUND IS BUILDING NO. 10 (ELECTRICAL SERVICES AND SWITCHING STATION). - United Engineering Company Shipyard, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

258

Educational Technology. Hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session, on Examining Legislation Authorizing Funds for the Elementary Secondary Education Act, Focusing on Education Technology Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing before the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on examining legislation authorizing funds for the Elementary Secondary Education Act, focusing on educational technology programs, contains statements by: James M Jeffords, Chairman, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions; Barbara Means, Assistant…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

259

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY ORGANIC AEROSOLS OVER THE UNITED STATES: ESTIMATES ON THE BASIS OF OBSERVED ORGANIC CARBON (OC) AND ELEMENTAL CARBON (EC), AND AIR QUALITY MODELED PRIMARY (OC/EC) RATIOS  

EPA Science Inventory

The temporal and spatial distributions of primary and secondary organic carbon aerosols (OC) over the continental US during June 15 to August 31, 1999, were estimated by using observational OC and elemental carbon (EC) data from Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environm...

260

The Benefits of Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Elementary and Secondary Education. A Briefing before the United States Commission on Civil Rights Held in Washington, D.C., July 28, 2006. Briefing Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On July 28, 2006, a panel of experts briefed members of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights on the putative benefits of racial and ethnic diversity in elementary and secondary education. Four experts presented written statements to the Commissioners that assessed the social science literature on this issue. They also addressed whether or not…

US Commission on Civil Rights, 2006

2006-01-01

261

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

262

High Performance Buildings Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The High Performance Buildings Database is a shared resource for the building industry, a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad. The database includes information on the energy use, environmental performance, design process, finances, and other aspects of each project. Members of the design and construction teams are listed, as are sources for additional information. In total, up to twelve screens of detailed information are provided for each project profile. Projects range in size from small single-family homes or tenant fit-outs within buildings to large commercial and institutional buildings and even entire campuses. The database is a data repository as well. A series of Web-based data-entry templates allows anyone to enter information about a building project into the database. Once a project has been submitted, each of the partner organizations can review the entry and choose whether or not to publish that particular project on its own Web site.

263

Living with adaptive secondary mirrors 365/7/24  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Large Binocular Telescope has two adaptive secondary mirrors which are used for regular observing in both seeinglimited mode and for diffraction-limited mode unlike the adaptive secondaries at the MMT and Magellan telescopes which are swapped in for diffraction-limited observing only. The LBTO secondary mirrors have been in routine operation for ~ 4 years for the first and for ~ 2 years for the second. We review the operational history of these units and discuss the various failure modes unique to adaptive secondaries as compared with rigid secondaries for seeing-limited observing and more conventional adaptive optics systems for diffraction-limited observing.

Christou, Julian C.; Brusa, Guido; Guerra, Juan Carlos; Lefebvre, Michael; Miller, Douglas; Rahmer, Gustavo; Sosa, Richard; Wagner, Michael

2014-08-01

264

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

265

“Systematic Synthesis of a Metal Organic Framework Based on Triangular Cu3(?3-OH) Secondary Building Units: From a 0-D Complex, to an 1-D Chain and a 3-D Lattice”  

PubMed Central

Reactions of Cu(CF3SO3)2 and pyrazole in methanolic solutions in the presence of stoichiometric amounts of py, py/4,4?-bpy, or 4,4?-bpy have yielded two new complexes [Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(py)3](CF3SO3)2·0.5H2O (1) and [{Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(py)2}2(?-4,4?-bpy)](CF3SO3)4 (2), a one-dimensional coordination polymer, {[Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(py)(?-4,4?-bpy)](CF3SO3)2·0.5H2O}n (3), and a three-dimensional, eight-fold interpenetrated extended lattice, {[Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(?-4,4?-bpy)1.5](CF3SO3)2·1.5H2O}n (4). PMID:20625464

Rivera-Carrillo, Marlyn; Chakraborty, Indranil; Raptis, Raphael G.

2010-01-01

266

Building Blocks of Matter  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students are introduced to atoms, molecules, and elements. Learners will build constructions out of different types of building materials as a metaphor for atoms and molecules. They interpret different symbolic representations for molecules and kinesthetically model the bonding of different atoms into molecules. The lesson models scientific inquiry using the 5E instructional model and includes teacher notes, prerequisite concepts, common misconceptions, student journal and reading. This is the second lesson in the Astro-Venture Atmospheric Science Training Unit. The purpose of the unit is to increase studentsâ awareness of and interest in astrobiology and the many career opportunities that utilize science, math and technology skills. The lessons are designed for educators to use in conjunction with the Astro-Venture multimedia modules.

267

Building Green  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

There's a great deal of talk about "building green" in the architecture and design world, but to many, this phrase may not mean a great deal. This website, created by the Building Green company, can help the uninitiated learn more about this subject. First-time visitors should click on the "Green Building Information" area. Here they can get answers to such question as "What is green?" and also learn more about green design strategies and the LEED rating system. Right next to this section is the "Case Studies" area, which features green building projects like elementary schools, commercial facilities, and university buildings. The site is rounded out by a "News" area and a detailed bibliography of websites, print resources, and so on.

268

Whales of New England. Secondary Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructional materials and suggestions for conducting a whale watching field trip are contained in this curriculum packet for secondary science teachers. It is one unit in a series of curricular programs developed by the New England Aquarium Education Department. Activities and information are organized into three sections: (1) pre-trip…

New England Aquarium, Boston, MA.

269

Teaching about Korea in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

Van Decar, Patricia

1988-01-01

270

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

271

DIAMOND SECONDARY EMITTER  

SciTech Connect

We present the design and experimental progress on the diamond secondary emitter as an electron source for high average power injectors. The design criteria for average currents up to 1 A and charge up to 20 nC are established. Secondary Electron Yield (SEY) exceeding 200 in transmission mode and 50 in emission mode have been measured. Preliminary results on the design and fabrication of the self contained capsule with primary electron source and secondary electron emitter will also be presented.

BEN-ZVI, I.; RAO, T.; BURRILL, A.; CHANG, X.; GRIMES, J.; RANK, J.; SEGALOV, Z.; SMEDLEY, J.

2005-10-09

272

ETR HEAT EXCHANGER BUILDING, TRA644. WORKERS CHECK INTERIOR OF ONE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ETR HEAT EXCHANGER BUILDING, TRA-644. WORKERS CHECK INTERIOR OF ONE OF THE TWELVE HEAT EXCHANGER UNITS. COOLANT FROM ETR WILL ENTER EXCHANGERS AT TEMPERATURE OF 137.5 DEGREES F. AND LEAVE THE SYSTEM AT 110 DEGREES F. SECONDARY WATER WILL ENTER AT 78 DEGREES F. AND LEAVE SYSTEM AT 110 DEGREES F. INL NEGATIVE NO. 56-3712. R.G. Larsen, Photographer, 11/13/1956 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

273

Leadership Development. Unit A-2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary curriculum guide is comprised of thirteen jobs (units of instruction) that focus on the area of leadership development. An introductory section lists the jobs included in the guide, intended use, unit objectives, and references. Among the jobs included are (1) Examining the History of the Future Farmers of America (FFA); (2)…

Luft, Vernon D.; Backlund, Paul

274

Building Big  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building Big is a very informative site about the engineering principles required to build large structures, including bridges, domes, skyscrapers, dams, and tunnels. The interactive labs presented on the site discuss the various factors (e.g. forces, materials, loads, shapes) that need to be considered when designing large buildings. Fun challenges test these concepts for each of the five structures by putting students in charge of various construction projects. The student needs to weigh the pros and cons of particular designs and choose which is best for a given scenario. There are also many interviews with different structural engineers that will help students understand what working in this field is like.

2000-01-01

275

A Model and Strategies for Realizing Secondary Level Interdisciplinary Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses strategies that can be used to realize interdisciplinary instruction at the secondary level and details a sample curriculum that employs themes related to human nutrition. The Secondary Level Interdisciplinary Curriculum is organized around five thematic units that present nutrition issues highly relevant to adolescents:…

Rye, James A.; Campbell, Star; Bardwell, Jenny

276

The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

Pfleger, Margo

277

Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

2005-01-01

278

Static and dynamic responses of an ultrathin adaptive secondary mirror  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of a compete set of static and dynamic runs of the FEA model of the MMT adaptive secondary. The thin mirror is the most delicate component of the MMT adaptive secondary unit, as it provides the deformable optical surface able to correct the incoming wavefront. The static performances are evaluated as a function of the various

Ciro del Vecchio; Guido Brusa; Daniele Gallieni; Michael Lloyd-Hart; Warren B. Davison

1999-01-01

279

Occupational Therapists' Beliefs and Involvement with Secondary Transition Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate the involvement and beliefs toward possible involvement of occupational therapy in one geographical area of the United States in regard to secondary transition planning for students with disabilities. Secondary transition planning is mandated by federal legislature and occurs while the student is…

Mankey, Tina A.

2011-01-01

280

Our Buildings, Ourselves.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews in detail environmental impacts associated with buildings. Discusses building construction, internal environments, building life spans, building materials, protection from climate, and amenities. (LZ)

Roodman, David Malin; Lenssen, Nicholas

1994-01-01

281

Better Buildings  

E-print Network

on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01

282

Integrating Building Information Modeling and Green Building Certification: The BIM-LEED Application Model Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building information modeling (BIM) and green building are currently two major trends in the architecture, engineering and construction (AEC) industry. This research recognizes the market demand for better solutions to achieve green building certification such as LEED in the United States. It proposes a new strategy based on the integration of BIM…

Wu, Wei

2010-01-01

283

Secondary electric power generation with minimum engine bleed  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Secondary electric power generation with minimum engine bleed is discussed. Present and future jet engine systems are compared. The role of auxiliary power units is evaluated. Details of secondary electric power generation systems with and without auxiliary power units are given. Advanced bleed systems are compared with minimum bleed systems. A cost model of ownership is given. The difference in the cost of ownership between a minimum bleed system and an advanced bleed system is given.

Tagge, G. E.

1983-01-01

284

Secondary condenser Cooling water  

E-print Network

Receiver Secondary condenser LC LC Reboiler TC PC Cooling water PC FCPC Condenser LC XC Throttling valve ¨ mx my l© ª y s § y m «¬ ly my wx l n® ® x np © ¯ Condenser Column Compressor Receiver Super-heater Decanter Secondary condenser Reboiler Throttling valve Expansion valve Cooling water

Skogestad, Sigurd

285

Secondary fuel delivery system  

DOEpatents

A secondary fuel delivery system for delivering a secondary stream of fuel and/or diluent to a secondary combustion zone located in the transition piece of a combustion engine, downstream of the engine primary combustion region is disclosed. The system includes a manifold formed integral to, and surrounding a portion of, the transition piece, a manifold inlet port, and a collection of injection nozzles. A flowsleeve augments fuel/diluent flow velocity and improves the system cooling effectiveness. Passive cooling elements, including effusion cooling holes located within the transition boundary and thermal-stress-dissipating gaps that resist thermal stress accumulation, provide supplemental heat dissipation in key areas. The system delivers a secondary fuel/diluent mixture to a secondary combustion zone located along the length of the transition piece, while reducing the impact of elevated vibration levels found within the transition piece and avoiding the heat dissipation difficulties often associated with traditional vibration reduction methods.

Parker, David M. (Oviedo, FL); Cai, Weidong (Oviedo, FL); Garan, Daniel W. (Orlando, FL); Harris, Arthur J. (Orlando, FL)

2010-02-23

286

6. A VIEW TOWARD THE EAST SIDE OF BUILDING NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. A VIEW TOWARD THE EAST SIDE OF BUILDING NO. 1, SHOWING THE OFFICE SECTION AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER. BUILDING NO. 18 (ENGINEERING BUILDING) IS VISIBLE IN THE CENTER DISTANCE, AND BUILDING NO. 12 (OFFICE/SUBSTATION) AT THE RIGHT. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

287

Statistical deterioration models for condition assessment of older buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Upgrade and rehabilitation of existing building have become such significant issues that more than half of the total construction budget has gone to some form of renovation, remodeling or reutilization of existing buildings for the last decade in the United States (3, 86). In large urban areas, building rehabilitation economics is becoming more favorable. This is because buildings are viewed

Jin Ho Lee

1996-01-01

288

Outdoorsman, Unit III.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The third and final unit of the 4-H Outdoorsman Program covers the most advanced and challenging campcraft skills for 4-H members in British Columbia, Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba. Survival camping (including building shelters and finding food), in-depth map-reading and orienteering, game management, hiking themes and recordkeeping are all…

Alberta Dept. of Agriculture, Edmonton.

289

Building and Fire Research Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute of Science and Technologyâ??s (NIST) building and fire research programs look to forecast the needs of the building and fire industries in the United States, and provide tools for innovative technologies. This web site is loaded with fresh ideas about net-zero energy high-performance buildings, construction productivity, sustainable infrastructure materials, fire protection, and disaster-resilient structures and communities. Read about Construction Integration, Cybernetic Building Systems, and Disaster and Failure Studies. Peruse the site by Instruments, Latest Publications, and News and Events. An especially interesting Related Link takes readers to the World Trade Center Disaster Investigation, a FEMA funded analysis of the building failures that contributed to the September 11, 2001 tragedy.

2010-02-19

290

4. DETAIL ALONG WEST SIDE, SHOWING EXTERIOR STAIRWAY, BUILDING NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. DETAIL ALONG WEST SIDE, SHOWING EXTERIOR STAIRWAY, BUILDING NO. 1 IN THE CENTER DISTANCE, AND ONE OF THE BENDING SHOPS AT RIGHT. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

291

78 FR 27968 - Federal Management Regulation; Redesignations of Federal Buildings  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Pennsylvania Avenue NW. Washington, DC 20004 Washington, DC 20004 George Mahon Federal Building George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush United States Courthouse and George Mahon Federal Building 200 East Wall Street 200 East Wall Street Midland,...

2013-05-13

292

RNA Secondary Structure Analysis Using RNAstructure.  

PubMed

RNAstructure is a user-friendly program for the prediction and analysis of RNA secondary structure. It is available as a Web server, as a program with a graphical user interface, or as a set of command-line tools. The programs are available for Microsoft Windows, Macintosh OS X, or Linux. This unit provides protocols for RNA secondary structure prediction (using the Web server or the graphical user interface) and prediction of high-affinity oligonucleotide biding sites to a structured RNA target (using the graphical user interface). Curr. Protoc. Bioinform. 46:12.6.1-12.6.25. © 2014 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. PMID:24939127

Mathews, David H

2014-01-01

293

Space Station Freedom secondary power wiring requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Secondary power is produced by DDCU's (direct current to direct current converter units) and routed to and through secondary power distribution assemblies (SPDA's) to loads or tertiary distribution assemblies. This presentation outlines requirements of Space Station Freedom (SSF) EEE (electrical, electronic, and electromechanical) parts wire and the approved electrical wire and cable. The SSF PDRD (Program Definition and Requirements Document) language problems and resolution are reviewed. The cable routing to and from the SPDA's is presented as diagrams and the wire recommendations and characteristics are given.

Sawyer, C. R.

1994-01-01

294

Online unit checklist Unit code______________ Unit title_____________________________  

E-print Network

Online unit checklist Unit code______________ Unit title_____________________________ Teaching are provided Resources for this unit - textbook listed including 13 digit ISBN number other references online/WebCT, Lectopia, ECMS, Wimba/Live Classroom all weblinks work Study schedule ­ no dates in session column day

295

Building Tall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this engineering activity (page 2 of PDF), young learners investigate how a wide base can make a building more stable. Learners use blocks or boxes of different sizes to construct stable towers. Learners will compare and contrast different structures, document their observations, experiment with different materials, and conduct stability tests. This activity is part of the Curious George "Under Construction" lesson plan and related to the show Curious George on PBS, specifically the episode "Curious George's Home for Pigeons." The lesson plan includes several activities that explore building engineering. Activities are connected to fiction and non-fiction books and include family extension projects.

PBS Kids

2006-01-01

296

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Korea  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Korea, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial buildings in Korea.

Evans, Meredydd; McJeon, Haewon C.; Shui, Bin; Lee, Seung Eon

2009-04-17

297

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02

298

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07

299

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in China  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in China, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope and HVAC) for commercial and residential buildings in China.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Lin, H.; Jiang, Wei; Liu, Bing; Song, Bo; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-15

300

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Japan  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Japan, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Japan.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Takagi, T.

2009-04-15

301

Secondary containment system  

SciTech Connect

This patent describes a pumping system for fluid products, such as gasoline, diesel fuel and chemicals, and including a pump for pumping such products from a storage tank through a primary pipeline to a product dispenser. The improvement consists of a secondary containment system for the pipeline between the storage tank and the product dispenser and including a secondary pipe system surrounding the primary pipeline. The secondary pipe system includes telescoping pipe sections of different diameters, which are installed around the primary pipeline and which are, prior to final installation, movable between intermediate and final positions, for enabling completion, testing and inspection of the primary pipeline prior to final completion of the secondary containment system.

Webb, M.C.

1989-02-21

302

Secondary Procedures in Replantation  

PubMed Central

The success of replantation surgery is not judged by survival of the replanted part, but by the functional outcome attained. Hence, primary repair of all injured structures is the preferred aim. At times, constraints induced by the ischemia time and nature of injury preclude primary repair. In such situations, secondary procedures are inevitable. Secondary procedures are also frequently required to improve the function and appearance of the replanted extremity. The incidence of secondary procedures will vary with the level of replantation and the type of patient population. Secondary procedures are difficult because they carry risk of injury to the vital neurovascular structures that now lay at nonanatomical locations. Nevertheless, when indicated and performed with caution they could significantly raise the functional status of the individuals. PMID:24872769

Sabapathy, S. Raja; Bhardwaj, Praveen

2013-01-01

303

Personalizing Secondary Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To facilitate "personalizing" and individualizing secondary school curriculum, the author presents eight conceptual aspects of individualization and discusses the relationship of these concepts to program design and implementation of an individual learning program. (HMD)

Bailey, William J.

1974-01-01

304

[Secondary myelodysplastic syndrome].  

PubMed

Secondary or therapy related myelodysplastic syndrome may develop following treatment with alkylating agents and radiotherapy. The condition may also follow high dose therapy for malignant lymphomas. We describe two patients who developed secondary myelodysplasia. The first is a 76-year old female with a low grade lymphoma who developed pancytopenia with monosomy 7. Secondary myelodysplasia was diagnosed 24 months after treatment with chlorambucil (total dose of 900 mg) and 12 months after treatment with trophosphamide (total dose of 24 g). The second patient was a 48-year old male who underwent autologous bone marrow transplantation for a relapsed low grade lymphoma. Following autografting he had persistent anemia and trombocytopenia. Secondary myelodysplastic syndrome with complex karyotype was diagnosed 54 months after high dose therapy. He died nine months later of bone marrow failure. PMID:9441464

Shammas, F V; Heikkilä, R

1997-11-30

305

Secondary chondrosarcoma: radiopathological correlation.  

PubMed

Chondrosarcomas are malignant bone tumors originating in cartilage. Chondrosarcoma is the third most common malignant bone tumor after multiple myeloma and osteosarcoma. About 75% of chondrosarcomas are primary lesions. The remaining 25% belong to special categories such as histologic variants and secondary forms. A secondary chondrosarcoma is one that appears in a pre-existing benign chondral lesion; the different types of secondary chondrosarcomas include solitary osteochondroma, multiple osteochondromatosis, enchondroma, the different types of enchondromatosis, and primary synovial chondromatosis. The incidence of this malignant transformation varies widely in function of the type of lesion. In this article, we discuss and illustrate the different types of secondary chondrosarcomas, placing special emphasis on the imaging findings that should alert to these lesions and give radiologists a key role in the diagnosis, management, and follow-up of these patients. PMID:25002353

Lozano Martínez, G A; Llauger Rosselló, J

2014-07-01

306

Secondary Endolymphatic Hydrops (SEH)  

MedlinePLUS

... as Ménière’s disease) occurs for no known reason. Secondary endolymphatic hydrops appears to occur in response to an event or underlying condition. For example, it can follow head trauma or ear surgery, and it can occur with ...

307

Secondary extinctions of biodiversity.  

PubMed

Extinctions beget further extinctions when species lose obligate mutualists, predators, prey, or hosts. Here, we develop a conceptual model of species and community attributes affecting secondary extinction likelihood, incorporating mechanisms that buffer organisms against partner loss. Specialized interactors, including 'cryptic specialists' with diverse but nonredundant partner assemblages, incur elevated risk. Risk is also higher for species that cannot either evolve new traits following partner loss or obtain novel partners in communities reorganizing under changing environmental conditions. Partner loss occurs alongside other anthropogenic impacts; multiple stressors can circumvent ecological buffers, enhancing secondary extinction risk. Stressors can also offset each other, reducing secondary extinction risk, a hitherto unappreciated phenomenon. This synthesis suggests improved conservation planning tactics and critical directions for research on secondary extinctions. PMID:25445878

Brodie, Jedediah F; Aslan, Clare E; Rogers, Haldre S; Redford, Kent H; Maron, John L; Bronstein, Judith L; Groves, Craig R

2014-12-01

308

Phosphomolybdate clusters as molecular building blocks in the design of one-, two- and three-dimensional organic inorganic hybrid materials  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An attractive approach to the design of inorganic solids exploits the tethering of inorganic clusters through organic spacers to produce hybrid materials with composite properties. We have recently described a modified strategy in which polyoxometalate clusters are linked through organic subunits to give an anionic hybrid substructure which may be further modified through the introduction of secondary metal-ligand complex (SMLC) cations, serving as a third component building block. In this application, the molybdophosphonate cluster {Mo 5O 15(O 3PR) 2} 4- serves as a secondary building unit (SBU) with alkyl (CH 2) n or aromatic -(C 6H 4) n- tethers providing one-dimensional structural expansion. A binucleating ligand such as tetrapyridylpyrazine (tpyprz) is used to bridge secondary metal sites into a binuclear {Cu 2(tpyprz)} 4+ SBU which may link phosphomolybdate clusters into two- or three-dimensional structures. The influence of a variety of structural determinants is discussed, including the tether length of the diphosphonate ligand, the coordination preferences of the secondary metal, expansion of the ligand component of the SMLC, and substitution of As for P in the oxide SBU.

Gabriel Armatas, N.; Burkholder, Eric; Zubieta, Jon

2005-08-01

309

Bacteriophage secondary infection.  

PubMed

Phages are credited with having been first described in what we now, officially, are commemorating as the 100(th) anniversary of their discovery. Those one-hundred years of phage history have not been lacking in excitement, controversy, and occasional convolution. One such complication is the concept of secondary infection, which can take on multiple forms with myriad consequences. The terms secondary infection and secondary adsorption, for example, can be used almost synonymously to describe virion interaction with already phage-infected bacteria, and which can result in what are described as superinfection exclusion or superinfection immunity. The phrase secondary infection also may be used equivalently to superinfection or coinfection, with each of these terms borrowed from medical microbiology, and can result in genetic exchange between phages, phage-on-phage parasitism, and various partial reductions in phage productivity that have been termed mutual exclusion, partial exclusion, or the depressor effect. Alternatively, and drawing from epidemiology, secondary infection has been used to describe phage population growth as that can occur during active phage therapy as well as upon phage contamination of industrial ferments. Here primary infections represent initial bacterial population exposure to phages while consequent phage replication can lead to additional, that is, secondary infections of what otherwise are not yet phage-infected bacteria. Here I explore the varying meanings and resultant ambiguity that has been associated with the term secondary infection. I suggest in particular that secondary infection, as distinctly different phenomena, can in multiple ways influence the success of phage-mediated biocontrol of bacteria, also known as, phage therapy. PMID:25595214

Abedon, Stephen T

2015-02-01

310

Secondary psychoses: an update  

PubMed Central

Psychotic disorders due to a known medical illness or substance use are collectively termed secondary psychoses. In this paper, we first review the historic evolution of the concept of secondary versus primary psychosis and how this distinction supplanted the earlier misleading classification of psychoses into organic and functional. We then outline the clinical features and approach to the diagnosis of secondary psychotic disorders. Features such as atypical presentation, temporal relation to detectable medical cause, evidence of direct physiological causal relationship to the etiological agent, and the absence of evidence of a primary psychotic illness that may better explain the presentation suggest consideration of a secondary psychosis. Finally, we discuss how careful studies of secondary psychotic disorders can help elucidate the pathophysiology of primary, or idiopathic, psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. We illustrate this issue through a discussion of three secondary psychotic disorders — psychoses associated with temporal lobe epilepsy, velocardiofacial syndrome, and N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis — that can, respectively, provide neuroanatomical, genetic, and neurochemical models of schizophrenia pathogenesis. PMID:23471787

Keshavan, Matcheri S; Kaneko, Yoshio

2013-01-01

311

Building Sinusoids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the development and implementation of a measurement-based group activity designed to support students in understanding the connection between angle magnitude and the shape of the sine function. She explains that the benefit of this activity is that it allows students to build their trigonometric knowledge…

Landers, Mara G.

2013-01-01

312

Building Height  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Working in pairs, students create a clinometer and use isosceles right triangles to find the height of a building. The class will compare measurements, discuss their results, and select the best measure of central tendency to report the most accurate height. All handouts and excellent class discussion questions are provided.

Hendrickson, Katie

2000-01-01

313

Building towards the Future  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students are introduced to some basic civil engineering concepts in an exciting and interactive manner. Bridges and skyscrapers, the two most visible structures designed by civil engineers, are discussed in depth, including the design principles behind them. To help students visualize in three dimensions, one hands-on activity presents three-dimensional coordinate systems and gives students practice finding and describing points in space. After learning about skyscrapers, tower design principles and how materials absorb different types of forces, students compete to build their own newspaper towers to meet specific design criteria.The unit concludes with student groups using balsa wood and glue to design and build tower structures to withstand vertical and lateral forces.

2014-09-18

314

19. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 LEFT PORTION, WEST ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

315

34. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

34. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL, MAIN STAIR. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

316

26. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF GREAT ROOM. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

317

31. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

31. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 LEFT PORTION, EAST FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

318

23. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 CENTER PORTION, EAST FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

319

7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 LEFT PORTION, NORTH FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

320

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy: engraving published by Myer, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy: engraving published by Myer, 1851 - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

321

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 RIGHT HALF, WEST ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

322

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 SANSON STREET FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

323

2. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 GENERAL VIEW, SOUTH FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

324

18. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 CENTRAL PORTION, WEST ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

325

29. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

29. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF FIREPLACE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

326

16. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 SANSON STREET FACADE, DETAIL. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

327

22. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF GREAT HALL. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

328

14. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF COLUMN CAPITALS. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

329

9. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 GENERAL VIEW, WEST ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

330

10. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 WINDOW DETAIL, NORTH ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

331

30. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

30. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL IRONWORK, SOUTH FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

332

Designing Spaces: Visualizing, Planning, and Building. Seeing and Thinking Mathematically in the Middle Grades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this unit of the Seeing and Thinking Mathematically series, students use geometry to analyze buildings from around the world, design and build their own house models, create plans for their designs, and build from each other's plans. Students start out the unit building with cubes and later move to other geometric shapes. As they learn to…

Kleiman, Glenn; Zweig, Karen

333

Curriculum Guide for Art in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary school curriculum guide is written in outline form to simplify the planning of a design-oriented art program. For each of 15 design units, a step-by-step set of instructions is given. Each unit is presented in three stages, each of which is a complete lesson in design. Materials and tools necessary for lesson preparation, motivation…

Chicago Board of Education, IL.

334

A Blessing or a Curse: An Environmental Decision Case for Secondary and Higher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decision cases have been used in the United States for higher education in agriculture and natural resources, as well as in extension education. Few cases have been developed for secondary education audiences and fewer yet for both secondary and higher education applications. This case was developed for use in both secondary- and university-level…

Autrey, Ann; Simmons, Steve; Aikin, Royace

2006-01-01

335

Biomedical Engineering and Cognitive Science Secondary Science Curriculum Development: A Three Year Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on a multi-year effort to create and evaluate cognitive-based curricular materials for secondary school science classrooms. A team of secondary teachers, educational researchers, and academic biomedical engineers developed a series of curriculum units that are based in biomedical engineering for secondary level students in…

Klein, Stacy S.; Sherwood, Robert D.

2005-01-01

336

Energy Efficiency: Transportation and Buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a condensed version of the American Physical Society's 2008 analysis of energy efficiency in the transportation and buildings sectors in the United States with updated numbers. In addition to presenting technical findings, we include the report's recommendations for policy makers that we believe are in the best interests of the nation.

Lubell, Michael S.; Richter, Burton

2011-11-01

337

Creating Energy-Efficient Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was presented during the time the author was president of the Council of Educational Facility Planners, International, (CEFP/I). The presentation begins with a summary of the state of the world's natural gas and petroleum supplies and states that since one-third of all energy consumed in the United States is to heat and cool buildings

Burr, Donald F.

338

Remediation of the site of a former active handling building at UKAEA- Winfrith  

SciTech Connect

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Since July 2000, NUKEM Limited has been carrying out the decommissioning of the former Active Handling Building, A59 at Winfrith, Dorset, United Kingdom (UK) under contract from the nuclear site licence holder, United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority, (UKAEA). The building contained two heavily shielded suites of caves originally used to carry out remote examination of irradiated nuclear fuel elements and other supporting facilities which have all been decontaminated ready to permit building demolition. The demolition of the building structure and the removal of one cave line was completed during 2006 and the second cave line was demolished by March 2007. The remaining operations to be completed concern removal of the building slab and remediation of underlying soils to the final end point, free for unrestricted use without planning or nuclear regulatory control. Within the building base slab there are a range of contaminated items including secondary drain pipes, filter pits, storage hole liners and ventilation ducts which all have to be recovered for disposal along with around 4,000 m{sup 3} of surrounding concrete. In order to characterise the slab before its removal, supporting information has been obtained from site investigation work including a collimated low resolution, high sensitivity gamma survey using the GroundhogTM system of the foundation slab and the recovery and analysis of 27 cores obtained by drilling through the slab into the underlying soil. During removal of the slab it will be necessary to employ a variety of monitoring techniques to locate and remove the contaminated sections and then expose and monitor the underlying soil for evidence of any residual radioactivity. (authors)

Armitage, Jack; Brown, Nick; Cornell, Rowland [NUKEM Ltd., Kelburn Court, Daten Park, Birchwood, Warrington, WA3 6TW (United Kingdom); Jessop, Gareth [United Kingdom Atomic Energy Authority - UKAEA (United Kingdom)

2007-07-01

339

Building Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank building shows that, while MASTERSPEC saves time and money, its use involves no sacrfice in architectural design freedom. The Naval Engineering Facilities Command employs an automated specifications system based on SPECSINTACT. The Public Buildings Service of the General Services Administration used SPECSINTACT as a starting point in a plan to make its guideline specifications available to architects and engineers on a nationwide computer network. Public Technology, Inc., a NASA Technology Application Team, is working with Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., to promote widespread use of the system by state and local governments for cost benefits to taxpayers.

1978-01-01

340

Building a Workforce Investment System for America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With the United States' choice for future employment being "high skills or low wages," the challenge to business and industry is to build, in partnership with public agencies, a cohesive management system that would invest in three critical areas of the work force: building a strong foundation of basic skills to help noncollege-bound youth enter…

Feldman, Lloyd

341

Energy flux optimization in future buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the steadily increase of electrical power demand, the pressure on the power grid as well as electricity power bills keep rising. One way of resolving the first issue consists of building more traditional power generation units (fossil, nuclear, hydroelectric …) and building a stronger grid. However, with the democratization of alternative green energy sources more elegant solutions are now

Y. Stauffer; E. Onillon; L. Lisowski; C. Meier; P. Theurillat; B. Roustom; G. Francecscutto; R. Marquis; A. Closset; A. Toth

2011-01-01

342

Building Systems: Passing Fad or Basic Tool?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building systems can be traced back to a 1516 A.D. project by Leonardo da Vinci and to a variety of prefabrication projects in every succeeding century. When integrated into large and repetitive spatial units through careful design, building systems can produce an architecture of the first order, as evidenced in the award winning design of…

Rezab, Donald

343

Five-axis secondary system for UKIRT  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a progress report on the development of the tip-tilt secondary mirror for the United Kingdom Infrared Telescope on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. The concept-- with emphasis on the electromechanical and optomechanical design--was published in an earlier paper. The reader is kindly requested to refer to the background information given there. Here, we present the electronics, system control and data handling considerations along with updated design drawings of the mirror and the combined piezoelectric/hexapod mirror mounts.

Pitz, Eckhart; Rohloff, Ralf-Rainer; Hippler, Stefan; Wagner, Karl; Marth, Harry

1994-06-01

344

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers several sets of questions for students to answer about where mountain ranges are located and why they are where they are. Many of the questions have links to more information and/or images. Questions address the role of plate tectonics in the process of mountain building. A computer isn't necessary to answer the questions, but is highly recommended so that the students can use the links provided. These questions require some prior knowledge of the content.

345

Bridge Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a quick activity (on page 2 of the PDF) about how the arrangement of carbon atoms determines carbon's different properties. Learners will build bridges with Post-It notes that model two types of carbon molecules, graphite and carbon nanotubes, and test which structure of the same material can bear the weight of the most pennies. Also relates to linked video, DragonflyTV Nano: Hockey Sticks.

Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.

2008-01-01

346

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of a series of lessons in a continuing study of change. It is designed to give students hands-on experience manipulating and controlling the variables involved in the process of soil erosion. They will be able to identify variables that influence rates of change and use group consensus to design and build what they believe to be the strongest mountain possible.

1998-01-01

347

Building Bridges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students build bridges from arithmetical to algebraic thinking by exploring problems that are not limited to single-solution responses. Values organized into tables and graphs are used to move toward symbolic representations. Problem situations at the middle school level involve linear, quadratic, and exponential models. The site is valuable not only for its problems for students but also for the teaching strategy illustrated here.

Roger Day

2000-01-01

348

Intelligent buildings.  

PubMed

The maturing of technologies in computer capabilities, particularly direct digital signals, has provided an exciting variety of new communication and facility control opportunities. These include telecommunications, energy management systems, security systems, office automation systems, local area networks, and video conferencing. New applications are developing continuously. The so-called "intelligent" or "smart" building concept evolves from the development of this advanced technology in building environments. Automation has had a dramatic effect on facility planning. For decades, communications were limited to the telephone, the typewritten message, and copy machines. The office itself and its functions had been essentially unchanged for decades. Office automation systems began to surface during the energy crisis and, although their newer technology was timely, they were, for the most part, designed separately from other new building systems. For example, most mainframe computer systems were originally stand-alone, as were word processing installations. In the last five years, the advances in distributive systems, networking, and personal computer capabilities have provided opportunities to make such dramatic improvements in productivity that the Selectric typewriter has gone from being the most advanced piece of office equipment to nearly total obsolescence. PMID:10282446

Williams, W E

1987-01-01

349

Vienna RNA secondary structure server  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Vienna RNA secondary structure server provides a web interface to the most frequently used functions of the Vienna RNA software package for the analysis of RNA secondary structures. It currently offers prediction of secondary structure from a single sequence, prediction of the consensus secondary structure for a set of aligned sequences, and the design of sequences that will fold

Ivo L. Hofacker

2003-01-01

350

Einstein/Roosevelt Letters: A Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The letters in this unit of study intended for secondary students are facsimile reproductions of the correspondence between Albert Einstein and President Roosevelt on the possibility of constructing an atomic bomb. Classroom activities are also suggested. (RM)

Bodle, Walter S.

1985-01-01

351

Build a Wind Turbine  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This hands-on project provides step-by-step instructions for building a vertical axis wind turbine in secondary classrooms. The 17-page construction plans may be freely downloaded and are organized for first-time builders. Comprehensive background information on wind energy and renewable energy are provided. Registered teacher-users also have access to supporting lesson plans. All of the materials are readily available in hardware or grocery stores. This resource, which meets multiple national science standards, was developed to spark students' interest in learning more about renewable energy sources and the science and engineering principles that underlie the harnessing of renewable power. Editor's Note: Wind turbines work by using an internal generator to convert the mechanical energy of the spinning turbine shaft into electricity. This particular project is modeled after the Savonius rotor system, which uses uses drag -- not lift -- to capture energy for making electricity. Although it isn't as efficient as a conventional horizontal axis turbine, it is much easier to build.

2007-10-25

352

Simplified Floor-Area-Based Energy-Moisture-Economic Model for Residential Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, 21% of all energy is used in residential buildings (40% of which is for heating and cooling homes). Promising improvements in residential building energy efficiency are underway such as the Building America Program and the Passive House Concept. The ability of improving energy efficiency in buildings is enhanced by building…

Martinez, Luis A.

2009-01-01

353

Teaching Guide for Building Maintenance Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for building maintenance is one of a series of five performance- and employer-based secondary level vocational education guides. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes a comprehensive overview of the…

Kempton, Robert F.

354

Increasing Secondary Teachers' Capacity to Integrate the Arts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examples from a team of collaborating secondary teachers--one visual arts teacher and one science teacher--highlight key aspects of this professional development project in arts integration. The article traces a regional network designed to build teacher capacity with implications for the design, effectiveness, and sustainability of professional…

Richard, Byron; Treichel, Christa J.

2013-01-01

355

Innovation. Collaboration. Value BC Public Post-Secondary  

E-print Network

Innovation. Collaboration. Value BC Public Post-Secondary Collaborative Services 2013/14 Progress innovation, collaboration and supply management expertise. #12;Building on success Creating a new partnership is never simple, but when you start with an already strong culture of collaboration and innovation, you can

Victoria, University of

356

Life cycle energy assessment of Australian secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Australian Department of Commerce builds many secondary schools in New South Wales every year, and the impact of energy consumption for such a type of construction has rarely been done before in Australia. Although there is a particular responsibility to ensure that public-owned projects contribute to the future well-being of the natural environment, environmental performance and energy efficiency of

Grace K. C. Ding

2007-01-01

357

Building Stones of Our Nation's Capital  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The buildings of our Nation's Capital have been constructed with rocks from quarries throughout the United States and many distant lands. Each building shows important features of various stones and the geologic environment in which they were formed. This United States Geological Survey (USGS) booklet describes the source and appearance of many of the stones found in Washington, D.C.'s monuments, memorials, statues, and buildings. The geologic setting of D.C. and acid rain effects on the Capital region are also discussed.

358

Aircraft Electric Secondary Power  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Technologies resulted to aircraft power systems and aircraft in which all secondary power is supplied electrically are discussed. A high-voltage dc power generating system for fighter aircraft, permanent magnet motors and generators for aircraft, lightweight transformers, and the installation of electric generators on turbine engines are among the topics discussed.

1983-01-01

359

Secondary emission gas chamber  

E-print Network

For a hadron calorimeter active element there is considered a gaseous secondary emis-sion detector (150 micron gap, 50 kV/cm). Such one-stage parallel plate chamber must be a radiation hard, fast and simple. A model of such detector has been produced, tested and some characteristics are presented.

In'shakov, V; Skvortsov, V

2014-01-01

360

Secondary Services in Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic characteristics of sixty-nine secondary services in physics were analyzed in terms of sponsorship and distribution by: (1) country of origin, (2) language, (3) age, (4) frequency of publication, (5) subject and geographical coverage and (6) size. The eight major services, in terms of size, are identified. The use of the services by the…

Cooper, Marianne; Terry, Edward

361

User guide for single-building controllers  

SciTech Connect

A tremendous opportunity exists for the Navy to save energy used for heating and cooling buildings by using single-building controllers. Thompson Laboratory at China Lake NWC, California is one example. A single-building controller was installed with pre- and post-metering. A simple pulley change on the air-handling units resulted in a 40% energy savings. The single-building controller contributed another 40% savings, resulting in a payback of 6 months with a total cost of $20,000.00. There was no impact on comfort and all building ventilation requirements were met. A few prerequisites are necessary for effective installation of single-building controllers. One person needs to be excited about energy conservation and willing to work. That person needs the support of the commander and active cooperation from the building occupants. Buildings that are suitable for single-building controllers are those that consume at least $10,000.00 of energy a year for heating and cooling, are not occupied on a 24-hour basis, and do not have temperature-sensitive equipment or material inside the building. Excellent candidate buildings are administration and office buildings.

Canfield, K.

1987-04-01

362

Electrocardiograph Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building on concepts taught in the associated lesson, students learn about bioelectricity, electrical circuits and biology as they use deductive and analytical thinking skills in connection with an engineering education. Students interact with a rudimentary electrocardiograph circuit (made by the teacher) and examine the simplicity of the device. They get to see their own cardiac signals and test the device themselves. During the second part of the activity, a series of worksheets, students examine different EKG print-outs and look for irregularities, as is done for heart disease detection.

Biomedical Engineering,

363

Secondary impact hazard assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A series of light gas gun shots (4 to 7 km/sec) were performed with 5 mg nylon and aluminum projectiles to determine the size, mass, velocity, and spatial distribution of spall and ejecta from a number of graphite/epoxy targets. Similar determinations were also performed on a few aluminum targets. Target thickness and material were chosen to be representative of proposed Space Station structure. The data from these shots and other information were used to predict the hazard to Space Station elements from secondary particles resulting from impacts of micrometeoroids and orbital debris on the Space Station. This hazard was quantified as an additional flux over and above the primary micrometeoroid and orbital debris flux that must be considered in the design process. In order to simplify the calculations, eject and spall mass were assumed to scale directly with the energy of the projectile. Other scaling systems may be closer to reality. The secondary particles considered are only those particles that may impact other structure immediately after the primary impact. The addition to the orbital debris problem from these primary impacts was not addressed. Data from this study should be fed into the orbital debris model to see if Space Station secondaries make a significant contribution to orbital debris. The hazard to a Space Station element from secondary particles above and beyond the micrometeoroid and orbital debris hazard is categorized in terms of two factors: (1) the 'view factor' of the element to other Space Station structure or the geometry of placement of the element, and (2) the sensitivity to damage, stated in terms of energy. Several example cases were chosen, the Space Station module windows, windows of a Shuttle docked to the Space Station, the habitat module walls, and the photovoltaic solar cell arrays. For the examples chosen the secondary flux contributed no more than 10 percent to the total flux (primary and secondary) above a given calculated critical energy. A key assumption in these calculations is that above a certain critical energy, significant damage will be done. This is not true for all structures. Double-walled, bumpered structures are an example for which damage may be reduced as energy goes up. The critical energy assumption is probably conservative, however, in terms of secondary damage. To understand why the secondary impacts seem to, in general, contribute less than 10 percent of the flux above a given critical energy, consider the case of a meteoroid impact of a given energy on a fixed, large surface. This impact results in a variety of secondary particles, all of which have much less energy than the original impact. Conservation of energy prohibits any other situation. Thus if damage is linked to a critical energy of a particle, the primary flux will always deliver particles of much greater energy. Even if all the secondary particles impacted other Space Station structures, none would have a kinetic energy more than a fraction of the primary impact energy.

1986-01-01

364

An Industrial Building Converted into a Girls School in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how an industrial building in Perth, Western Australia, has been converted into a secondary school to suit the particular needs of girls with educational and social difficulties. The aim of the building project was to provide a small school for approximately 30 students that caters to the needs of adolescent girls who are…

Broderick, Eamon

2003-01-01

365

Schoolboys' attitudes to careers in the building industry  

Microsoft Academic Search

An investigation into the vocational preferences of secondary modern school children, aged 13–15, in which answers to questionnaires were related to intelligence test findings, has brought to light the following facts about boys' attitudes to careers in the building industry.1. i. All the building trades except masonry and plastering were fairly popular occupations among these school leavers.2. ii. Carpentry was

Mary D. Wilson

1953-01-01

366

Criterion-Referenced Test (CRT) Items for Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This test item bank is intended to help instructors construct criterion-referenced tests for secondary-level courses in building trades. The bank is keyed to the Missouri Building Trades Competency Profile, which was developed by industry and education professionals in Missouri, and is designed to be used in conjunction with the Vocational…

Davis, Diane, Ed.

367

21. Detail of typical refrigeration unit in the southwest corner ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Detail of typical refrigeration unit in the southwest corner of the fruit and vegetable storage room - Fort Hood, World War II Temporary Buildings, Cold Storage Building, Seventeenth Street, Killeen, Bell County, TX

368

Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 9: Human Comfort and Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the ninth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 10, and 11). The objective of this module is to…

Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

369

Building Construction. Competency-Based Education Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Developed and field-tested over a 2-year period by vocational teachers in West Virginia, this competency-based building construction curriculum contains five units of study: Safety, form carpentry, carpentry, masonry, and plumbing. Each unit is subdivided into several competencies, and for each competency taught the performance objectives,…

West Virginia State Vocational Curriculum Lab., Cedar Lakes.

370

Building Trades. Block III. Floor Framing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains three units of a course on floor framing to be used as part of a building trades program. Each unit consists, first, of an informational lesson, with complete lesson plan for the teacher's use. Included in each lesson plan are the lesson aim; lists of teaching aids, materials, references, and prerequisites for students;…

Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Vocational Instructional Services.

371

Packing Up for the Moon: Human Exploration Project Engineering Design Challenge. Design, Build and Evaluate. A Standards-Based Middle School Unit Guide. Engineering By Design: Advancing Technological Literacy--A Standards-Based Program Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Human Exploration Project (HEP) units have several common characteristics. All units: (1) Are based upon the Technological Literacy standards (ITEA, 2000/2002); (2) Coordinate with Science (AAAS, 1993) and Mathematics standards (NCTM, 2000); (3) Utilize a standards-based development approach (ITEA, 2005); (4) Stand alone and coordinate with…

NASA Educator Resource Center at Marshall Space Flight Center, 2007

2007-01-01

372

Cultural Issues in Secondary Education Development in West Africa: Away from Colonial Survivals, towards Neocolonial Influences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In urban Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), cultural factors arising from West Africa's "triple cultural heritage" (African, Euro-Christian, and Islamic) and globalization place considerable strains on secondary education and have implications for postcolonial nation-building and development. Surveys of 200 secondary students in the two…

Quist, Hubert O.

2001-01-01

373

A Cloistered Ethos? Landscapes of Learning and English Secondary Schools for Girls: An Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nineteenth-century founders of academic girls' secondary schools in England often used an existing building, frequently a former dwelling-house, adding to it as resources increased and curricula developed, before moving to a purpose-built school as the venture prospered. As municipal secondary schools for girls developed in England in the wake…

Goodman, Joyce

2005-01-01

374

Small Buildings = Big Opportunity for Energy Savings (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Small buildings have a big impact on energy use. In the United States, 44.6 million small buildings consume 44% of the overall energy used in buildings, presenting an enormous opportunity to cut costs, energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Not Available

2013-12-01

375

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, August, 1971 SOUTH (FRONT) ELEVATIONS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, August, 1971 SOUTH (FRONT) ELEVATIONS OF CORNER OF UNITED STATES HOTEL (FAR LEFT), JUDGE AND NUNAN'S SADDLERY, P.J. RYAN'S FIRST BRICK STORE BUILDING (JACKSONVILLE INN). - P. J. Ryan's First Brick Store Building, 175 East California Street, Jacksonville, Jackson County, OR

376

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings  

EIA Publications

Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

2010-01-01

377

Secondary aortoesophageal fistula.  

PubMed

Secondary aortoesophageal fistula is the rarest type of aortopeptic fistula, characterized by communication between the reconstructed aorta and the esophagus. This condition has been reported to be uniformly fatal, even after prompt diagnosis and treatment. We report what may be the first case of a successfully managed secondary aortoesophageal fistula that occurred 14 months after repair of a Crawford type II thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm. The entity was diagnosed with a combination of esophagogastroduodenoscopy and aortography. At exploration, a communication between the proximal anastomosis and the esophagus with otherwise minimal mediastinal contamination was encountered. The anastomosis was replaced with an interposition polytetrafluoroethylene graft, and the esophageal defect was debrided, primarily closed, and reinforced with adjacent old aneurysm wall. There were no postoperative complications, and the patient remains well 18 months after fistula repair. PMID:9240335

Pipinos, I I; Reddy, D J

1997-07-01

378

Nonaqueous secondary batteries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The object of the present invention is to make possible the repeated use for a long period of time of nonaqueous secondary battery that contains in the battery case a negative electrode of a carbonized organic substance, a positive electrode with Li(x)MO2 (where M is at least one of Co and Ni; x being 0.05 less than or = x

Takayuki Yamahira; Masanori Anzai

1991-01-01

379

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept American Diabetes Association (2012) Region 3 (South Central) ­ Judith Basin, Fergus, Petroleum* #12; Petroleum County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2 Socioeconomic Measures1

Maxwell, Bruce D.

380

Nonlinear development and secondary instability of traveling crossflow vortices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Building upon the prior research targeting the laminar breakdown mechanisms associated with stationary crossflow instability over a swept-wing configuration, this paper investigates the secondary instability of traveling crossflow modes as an alternate scenario for transition. For the parameter range investigated herein, this alternate scenario is shown to be viable unless the initial amplitudes of the traveling crossflow instability are lower than those of the stationary modes by considerably more than one order of magnitude. The linear growth predictions based on the secondary instability theory are found to agree well with both parabolized stability equations and direct numerical simulation, and the most significant discrepancies among the various predictions are limited to spatial regions of relatively weak secondary growth, i.e., regions where the primary disturbance amplitudes are smaller in comparison to their peak values. Nonlinear effects on secondary instability evolution are also investigated and found to be initially stabilizing when they first come into play.

Li, Fei; Choudhari, Meelan M.; Duan, Lian; Chang, Chau-Lyan

2014-06-01

381

Physical Units  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page describes units of measurement, unit conversions, dimensional analysis and basic mechanical quantities. Length, Mass and Time link to separate pages that go into more detail on the physical quantities and their definitions. Also included is a link to a page that does unit conversions for the user.

Nave, Carl R.

2004-12-15

382

Concerning Units.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SI units come in two distinct types: fundamental (kilogram, meter) and descriptive (atom, molecule). Proper/improper uses of atom/molecule from historical cases are presented followed by a re-introduction of a light "wave (cycle)" unit and the clearly defined photon model which is deduced. Also examines omission of the fundamental unit "radon."…

Wadlinger, Robert L.

1983-01-01

383

GOTHIC MODEL OF BWR SECONDARY CONTAINMENT DRAWDOWN ANALYSES  

SciTech Connect

This article introduces a GOTHIC version 7.1 model of the Secondary Containment Reactor Building Post LOCA drawdown analysis for a BWR. GOTHIC is an EPRI sponsored thermal hydraulic code. This analysis is required by the Utility to demonstrate an ability to restore and maintain the Secondary Containment Reactor Building negative pressure condition. The technical and regulatory issues associated with this modeling are presented. The analysis includes the affect of wind, elevation and thermal impacts on pressure conditions. The model includes a multiple volume representation which includes the spent fuel pool. In addition, heat sources and sinks are modeled as one dimensional heat conductors. The leakage into the building is modeled to include both laminar as well as turbulent behavior as established by actual plant test data. The GOTHIC code provides components to model heat exchangers used to provide fuel pool cooling as well as area cooling via air coolers. The results of the evaluation are used to demonstrate the time that the Reactor Building is at a pressure that exceeds external conditions. This time period is established with the GOTHIC model based on the worst case pressure conditions on the building. For this time period the Utility must assume the primary containment leakage goes directly to the environment. Once the building pressure is restored below outside conditions the release to the environment can be credited as a filtered release.

Hansen, P.N.

2004-10-06

384

Secondary Education Graduate Program Manual  

E-print Network

Secondary Teacher Education Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 3 SECTION 2: INTERNSHIP RESOURCES Internship Forms 1Secondary Education Graduate Program Manual 2014-2015 The University of Vermont College it helpful. #12;UVM Secondary Teacher Education Graduate Handbook 2014-2015 2 University of Vermont College

Hayden, Nancy J.

385

Issues in secondary teacher preparation  

Microsoft Academic Search

As teacher educators who have had extensive experience working in the field?based secondary programs of two universities, the authors recognize the benefits, as well as the challenges, of forming partnerships with secondary educators to design and deliver collaboratively the teacher preparation program. In this article, experiences are shared and some of the major issues related to secondary teacher preparation that

Virginia Resta; Billy E. Askins; Leslie Huling

1999-01-01

386

Fetch, plug, and play: How secondary science instructors use digital learning objects in their classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This mixed methods exploratory research study describes how United States science teachers who used digital learning objects in their secondary classrooms implemented them. The types of digital learning objects and frequency of use in addition to instructional strategies used with digital learning objects and instructors' reasons for using them were explored. An online survey and four interviews were conducted with instructors who used digital learning objects in traditional classrooms, and artifacts that included sample digital learning objects and lesson plans that integrate them in classrooms were collected and analyzed. Data from this exploratory research study indicates that digital learning objects shift the focus of education from the instructor to the learner. Participants talked and wrote about students' active engagement in their learning with instructors as facilitators providing scaffolding and support for student learning. Interactive digital learning objects providing immediate feedback opportunities allowed students to control the learning pace, manipulate and extend learning in new ways that are difficult to find in other learning activities. Models and visualizations extended and enriched learning, making abstract concepts more concrete by providing multiple perspectives that provoke learner reflection and restructuring of their knowledge leading to higher levels of learning. Digital learning objects were used to motivate students by gaining their attention, providing relevant content, encouraging learner confidence, and gaining learner satisfaction. This study may benefit secondary instructors by helping them build upon the experiences described by study participants. Results indicate that digital learning objects promoted learner-centered classrooms and exhibited instructional strategies consistent with constructivist learning theory.

Looser, Theresa A.

387

40 CFR 241.3 - Standards and procedures for identification of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid wastes when used as fuels or ingredients in combustion units...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES USED AS FUELS OR INGREDIENTS IN COMBUSTION UNITS...

2012-07-01

388

40 CFR 241.3 - Standards and procedures for identification of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid wastes when used as fuels or ingredients in combustion units...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES USED AS FUELS OR INGREDIENTS IN COMBUSTION UNITS...

2013-07-01

389

40 CFR 241.3 - Standards and procedures for identification of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

...of non-hazardous secondary materials that are solid wastes when used as fuels or ingredients in combustion units...ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) SOLID WASTES SOLID WASTES USED AS FUELS OR INGREDIENTS IN COMBUSTION UNITS...

2014-07-01

390

Foods and Nutrition Resource Unit. Entertaining.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource unit, a supplement to the foods and nutrition curriculum guide (see related note), was designed to help secondary education home economics teachers provide students with additional food study and plan for learning experiences in the art of entertaining. The unit covers four principle topics regarding the art of entertaining in a…

Gantt, Sara

391

Building America  

SciTech Connect

Builders generally use a 'spec and purchase' business management system (BMS) when implementing energy efficiency. A BMS is the overall operational and organizational systems and strategies that a builder uses to set up and run its company. This type of BMS treats building performance as a simple technology swap (e.g. a tank water heater to a tankless water heater) and typically compartmentalizes energy efficiency within one or two groups in the organization (e.g. purchasing and construction). While certain tools, such as details, checklists, and scopes of work, can assist builders in managing the quality of the construction of higher performance homes, they do nothing to address the underlying operational strategies and issues related to change management that builders face when they make high performance homes a core part of their mission. To achieve the systems integration necessary for attaining 40% + levels of energy efficiency, while capturing the cost tradeoffs, builders must use a 'systems approach' BMS, rather than a 'spec and purchase' BMS. The following attributes are inherent in a systems approach BMS; they are also generally seen in quality management systems (QMS), such as the National Housing Quality Certification program: Cultural and corporate alignment, Clear intent for quality and performance, Increased collaboration across internal and external teams, Better communication practices and systems, Disciplined approach to quality control, Measurement and verification of performance, Continuous feedback and improvement, and Whole house integrated design and specification.

Brad Oberg

2010-12-31

392

Effective Energy Conservation in the Operating Unit  

E-print Network

plant to improve upon the energy conservation program within each operating unit. Guidelines based on proven experience were developed to build a broad-based program that effectively manages energy usage and its reduction at its end use....

Korich, R. D.

1982-01-01

393

Biology Education in Secondary Schools of the United States.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes aspects of the current status of biology teaching at the pre-college level, from an analysis of data collected from three NSF surveys, the NAEP, current textbooks, and other sources. Discusses previous and prospective viewpoints regarding goals of biology education, its curriculum, teachers, laboratory, and contemporary status. (CS)…

Hurd, Paul De Hart; And Others

1980-01-01

394

Climate forcing of the secondary organic aerosols  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In recent years, several field measurement campaigns have highlighted the importance of the organic fraction of aerosol mass, and with such spatial diversity that one may assert that these aerosols are ubiquitous in the troposphere, with particular importance in continental areas. Investigation of the chemical composition of organic aerosol remains a work in progress, but it is now clear that a significant portion of the total organic mass is composed of secondary organic material, that is, aerosol that is not emitted to the atmosphere in particulate form, but formed in situ from gaseous volatile organic carbon (VOC) precursors. A number of such precursors, of both biogenic and anthropogenic origin, have been identified. Experimental, inventory building and modelling studies have followed, with the empirical effort elucidating the chemical pathways that lead to secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation, and providing means to estimate the aerosol yields from a given precursor-oxidation reaction. Other empirical studies have focused on the biogenic precursors, and have found that such emissions depend upon plant species, temperature, and, in certain cases, photosynthetically active radiation. Global inventories of anthropogenic VOC emissions, and of biogenic VOC emitter species distribution and their emission potential have been constructed. Building upon the results of empirical and inventory-building efforts, global models have been developed that provide estimates of global SOA precursor VOC emissions, SOA formation and atmospheric burdens of these species. Yet few attempts have been made to estimate the climate forcing due to these aerosols. Here we describe both the direct (radiative) aerosol forcing and the indirect forcing due to changes in cloud properties as calculated with the global aerosol-climate model ECHAM5/HAM.

O'Donnell, D.; Feichter, J.

2009-04-01

395

Building safeguards infrastructure  

SciTech Connect

Much has been written in recent years about the nuclear renaissance - the rebirth of nuclear power as a clean and safe source of electricity around the world. Those who question the nuclear renaissance often cite the risk of proliferation, accidents or an attack on a facility as concerns, all of which merit serious consideration. The integration of these three areas - sometimes referred to as 3S, for safety, security and safeguards - is essential to supporting the growth of nuclear power, and the infrastructure that supports them should be strengthened. The focus of this paper will be on the role safeguards plays in the 3S concept and how to support the development of the infrastructure necessary to support safeguards. The objective of this paper has been to provide a working definition of safeguards infrastructure, and to discuss xamples of how building safeguards infrastructure is presented in several models. The guidelines outlined in the milestones document provide a clear path for establishing both the safeguards and the related infrastructures needed to support the development of nuclear power. The model employed by the INSEP program of engaging with partner states on safeguards-related topics that are of current interest to the level of nuclear development in that state provides another way of approaching the concept of building safeguards infrastructure. The Next Generation Safeguards Initiative is yet another approach that underscored five principal areas for growth, and the United States commitment to working with partners to promote this growth both at home and abroad.

Stevens, Rebecca S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mcclelland - Kerr, John [NNSA/NA-242

2009-01-01

396

The spectroscopic study of building composites containing natural sorbents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work presents the results of FT-IR spectroscopic studies of heavy metal cations (Ag +, Pb 2+, Zn 2+, Cd 2+ and Cr 3+) immobilization from aqueous solutions on natural sorbents. The sorption has been conducted on sodium forms of zeolite (clinoptilolite) and clay minerals (mixtures containing mainly montmorillonite and kaolinite) which have been separated from natural Polish deposit. In the next part of the work both sorbents were used to obtain new building composites. It was proven those heavy metal cations' sorption causes changes in IR spectra of the zeolite and clay minerals. These alterations are dependent on the way the cations were sorbed. In the case of zeolite, variations of the bands corresponding to the characteristic ring vibrations have been observed. These rings occur in pseudomolecular complexes 4-4-1 (built of alumino- and silicooxygen tetrahedra) which constitute the secondary building units (SBU) and form spatial framework of the zeolite. The most significant changes have been determined in the region of pseudolattice vibrations (650-700 cm -1). In the instance of clay minerals, changes in the spectra occur at two ranges: 1200-800 cm -1 - the range of the bands assigned to asymmetric Si-O(Si,Al) and bending Al-OH vibrations and 3800-3000 cm -1 - the range of the bands originating from OH - groups stretching vibrations. Next results indicate possibilities of applying the used natural sorbents for the obtainment of new building materials having favourable composition and valuable properties. The zeolite was used for obtaining autoclaved materials with an addition of CaO, and the clay minerals for ceramic sintered materials with an addition of quartz and clinoptilolite were produced. FT-IR studies were also conducted on the obtained materials.

Król, M.; Mozgawa, W.

2011-08-01

397

The spectroscopic study of building composites containing natural sorbents.  

PubMed

This work presents the results of FT-IR spectroscopic studies of heavy metal cations (Ag(+), Pb(2+), Zn(2+), Cd(2+) and Cr(3+)) immobilization from aqueous solutions on natural sorbents. The sorption has been conducted on sodium forms of zeolite (clinoptilolite) and clay minerals (mixtures containing mainly montmorillonite and kaolinite) which have been separated from natural Polish deposit. In the next part of the work both sorbents were used to obtain new building composites. It was proven those heavy metal cations' sorption causes changes in IR spectra of the zeolite and clay minerals. These alterations are dependent on the way the cations were sorbed. In the case of zeolite, variations of the bands corresponding to the characteristic ring vibrations have been observed. These rings occur in pseudomolecular complexes 4-4-1 (built of alumino- and silicooxygen tetrahedra) which constitute the secondary building units (SBU) and form spatial framework of the zeolite. The most significant changes have been determined in the region of pseudolattice vibrations (650-700 cm(-1)). In the instance of clay minerals, changes in the spectra occur at two ranges: 1200-800 cm(-1)--the range of the bands assigned to asymmetric Si-O(Si,Al) and bending Al-OH vibrations and 3800-3000 cm(-1)--the range of the bands originating from OH(-) groups stretching vibrations. Next results indicate possibilities of applying the used natural sorbents for the obtainment of new building materials having favourable composition and valuable properties. The zeolite was used for obtaining autoclaved materials with an addition of CaO, and the clay minerals for ceramic sintered materials with an addition of quartz and clinoptilolite were produced. FT-IR studies were also conducted on the obtained materials. PMID:20869299

Król, M; Mozgawa, W

2011-08-15

398

What next for accessory dwellings? : getting from bylaws to buildings  

E-print Network

Accessory dwellings-secondary, self-contained housing units on the same property as a primary residence, either attached to or detached from the main dwelling, and subordinate in size, location and appearance-are recognized ...

Stege, Elinor Hope

2009-01-01

399

The Chemistry of Polymers, Proteins, and Nucleic Acids: A Short Course on Macromolecules for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a unit on macromolecules that has been used in the 12th grade of many Israeli secondary schools. Topic areas in the unit include synthetic polymers, biological macromolecules, and nucleic acids. A unit outline is provided in an appendix. (JN)

Lulav, Ilan; Samuel, David

1985-01-01

400

Building 1100--NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Building 1100 is the NASA administrative building. Services located in this building include two banks, a post office, barber shop, cafeteria, snack bar, travel agency, dry cleaners, the NASA Exchange retail store and medical facilities for employees.

1996-01-01

401

Application of expert networks for predicting proteins secondary structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study utilizes expert neural networks for the prediction of proteins secondary structure. We use three independent networks, one for each structure (alpha, beta and coil) as the first-level processing unit; decision upon the chosen structure for each residue is carried out by a second-level, post-processing unit, which utilizes the Chou and Fasman frequency values F? and F? in

Sarit Sivan; Orna Filo; Hava Siegelmann

2007-01-01

402

USGS Educational Resources For Secondary Grades  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This portal provides links to selected United States Geological Survey (USGS) educational resources that may be useful to educators in secondary school grades. Many of these resources can be used directly in the classroom, as preparation for lessons or demonstrations, or as resources for teacher education and curriculum development. Major topic areas include biology, geography, geology, and water resources. Resources (indicated by symbols) include complete teaching modules, classroom activities, and web-based resources. Items that have costs beyond basic printing or on-line viewing costs are also indicated by a symbol.

403

Metal, mineral waste processing and secondary recovery  

SciTech Connect

Approximately 40 million tons of precious metals chemical wastes are produced in the United States every year. An estimated five percent of these wastes are being reused/recycled to recover the precious and critical metals they contain. The rest of these chemical wastes are disposed of by the methods incineration, dumping at sea and dumping on land. In this paper, an attempt is made to review the research work published during 1985-1986 on metal, mineral waste processing, secondary recovery and safe disposal.

Reddy, R.G.

1987-04-01

404

Building emulation computer program for testing of energy management and control system algorithms  

SciTech Connect

A building emulator can be used to test energy management and control systems (EMCS). The emulator uses a computer program to simulate the responses of a building including the equipment, building space, and building envelope to EMCS commands. Building model software for the emulator has been developed at the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) in an effort to assist the United States Naval Civil Engineering Laboratory (NCEL), which is developing a sophisticated building emulator. The concept of the building emulator and the building emulator computer program are described in this report. The program includes the weather, the air handling unit, the zone, and the comfort model. In addition, the energy compilation routine is also included. The models presented here are simplified models. With these abridged models, a single zone building with exterior walls and a single deck air handling unit are simulated. A complete FORTRAN source code of the building emulator computer program is appended.

May, W.B.; Park, C.

1985-12-01

405

Building a sustainable future: Bioclimatic house  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The application of bioclimatic principles is a critical factor in reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions. This poster develops a sequence of experiments and building working models in order to form students of secondary school and make progress towards real applications of new energy technologies. The activity has been carried out by 14 and 15-year-old students using a Power House building kit. Scientific method and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) were used as an effective system of acquiring new knowledge. Students were asked to form cooperative groups. Firstly, each group had to choose the best location and orientation in the imaginary Dragon Island for the construction of the house. The house consisted of eight Styrofoam parts and one transparent plastic part. The Styrofoam parts formed the house structure (floor, walls and roof) with two interior chambers and the attached greenhouse. Once the house was assembled in a few steps, it was ready for the students to start adding more components. Students then conducted several experiments related to the heat and light energy of the Sun and the energy of the wind. Some of the experiments and building projects realized were: how to capture the Sun to heat the house by passive solar heating, how to collect the Sun's rays to heat water using a Sun Collector and how to extract electricity current from Sun Power station and from wind power plant. For most of the assays it was necessary to record the temperature and students used for that purpose a temperature sensor that comes with Multilog Pro, a portable, graphic data collection and analysis system. Groups of students were really engaged in the project and each of them ran a different test with the house. Finally they proved if their initial hypothesis was correct and they had to expose the results to the rest of the class members. Students demonstrated how we can transform and use renewable forms of energy. With the experiments students demonstrated that the air can circulate between the house and the greenhouse through the windows. The heated air in the greenhouse rose through the windows into the main house. It was cooled off as it delivered heat and returned again to the greenhouse. It happened naturally due to the materials and the configuration of the house. A solar collector gathered heat from the Sun in order to heat water until 40° C, what was enough for showering, laundry, and washing dishes. Solar cells and homemade wind power unit delivered electricity to light up a small light bulb. With these experiments and building kit we explored and used natural, renewable forms of energy. These are forms of energy that we can use without damaging our natural environment and ourselves. Perhaps this kit will give students the incentive to build something on a larger scale after they have learned from the smaller scale model devices.

Gomez Mallen, Esther; Rivera Fusalba, Oriol

2010-05-01

406

Build a Hydro Generator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource for secondary physical science gives step-by-step instructions for building a water-powered electric generator from plastic spoons. The model closely resembles real micro-hydro designs, and can produce enough electricity to light a small light bulb. The 9-page construction plans may be freely downloaded and are organized for first-time builders. Comprehensive background information is provided on water power and renewable energy. All materials can be readily purchased from grocery or hardware store. Links are also provided to animated tours of hydroelectric plants and giant turbines. This item is part of a collection of K-12 projects on renewable energy sources and clean energy technology. Registered teacher-users have access to a complete lesson plan with teaching tips. Editor's Note: Although this resource is designated for use in Grades 6-12, the reading level for the student guide is Grade 9, and for background information is Grade 10. Overall, the concepts are appropriate for the cognitive level of Grades 7-8, but teacher scaffolding may be needed for unfamiliar vocabulary. High school students should be expected to complete the activity with minimal scaffolding.

407

Unit Conversions  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource is a digital tool for performing unit conversions. It provides the additional feature of displaying cancellation of terms, enabling users to gain a deeper understanding of the mathematical processes involved in converting units. Users can convert among 25 quantities, including units such as force, temperature, energy, and current. Also available are less commonly used units, such as illuminance and magnetic flux. In addition, the calculations respect the number of significant figures. It is part of Web-Based Computer Aided Instruction, a set of free resources for teachers and learners.

Taha Mzoughi

408

Building Integrated Aquaculture.  

E-print Network

??Exploratory research into a fresh concept, building integrated aquaculture, has found new information on the topic. Motives indicating building integrated aquaculture is important for sustainable… (more)

Woodin, Erik A

2011-01-01

409

Interior Design Standards in the Secondary FCS Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with a study on interior design standards in the secondary FCS curriculum. This study assessed the importance FCS teachers placed on content standards in the interior design curriculum to help determine the amount of time and emphasis to place on the units within the courses. A cover letter and questionnaire were sent…

Katz, Shana H.; Smith, Bettye P.

2006-01-01

410

Modifying Flag Football for Gender Equitable Engagement in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Flag or touch football is a popular activity unit in American secondary physical education curricula. However, unlike other sports its stigmatization as a masculine-typed activity and frequent inequitable distribution of game play opportunities at the skill positions (e.g., receiver, quarterback) results in the marginalization of female…

Kahan, David

2008-01-01

411

Geography in Elementary and Secondary Education: Tradition to Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper on the pre-college teaching of geography documents the teaching of geography in the United States from 1800 to the present and projects it into the future. Analyses of how views on physical, regional, and human geography have affected the elementary and secondary curricula and a history of the incorporation of geography into the social…

Vuicich, George; Stoltman, Joseph

412

The Malvern Project. Closed Circuit Television in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year project investigated the use of closed circuit television (CCTV) in four Australian secondary schools. Particular attention was paid to the ability of CCTV to make classroom teaching more effective and individualized and to promote team teaching. CCTV equipment, including a mobile production unit, was made available and teachers…

Hawkins, Bernard

413

Identifying Obstacles to Incorporating Ocean Content into California Secondary Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ocean is the dominant feature on this planet that makes all life on Earth possible. Marine educators and scientists across the country have identified essential principles and concepts that define what an "ocean literate" person should know, but there is a lack of comprehensive ocean content coverage in secondary classrooms across the United…

Stock, Jennifer

2010-01-01

414

Cooling energy savings potential of light-colored roofs for residential and commercial buildings in 11 US metropolitan areas  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsored this project to estimate potential energy and monetary savings resulting from the implementation of light-colored roofs on residential and commercial buildings in major U.S. metropolitan areas. Light-colored roofs reflect more sunlight than dark roofs, so they keep buildings cooler and reduce air-conditioning demand. Typically, rooftops in the United States are dark, and thus there is a potential for saving energy and money by changing to reflective roofs. Naturally, the expected savings are higher in southern, sunny, and cloudless climates. In this study, we make quantitative estimates of reduction in peak power demand and annual cooling electricity use that would result from increasing the reflectivity of the roofs. Since light-colored roofs also reflect heat in the winter, the estimates of annual electricity savings are a net value corrected for the increased wintertime energy use. Savings estimates only include direct reduction in building energy use and do not account for the indirect benefit that would also occur from the reduction in ambient temperature, i.e. a reduction in the heat island effect. This analysis is based on simulations of building energy use, using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. Our methodology starts with specifying 11 prototypical buildings: single-family residential (old and new), office (old and new), retail store (old and new), school (primary and secondary), health (hospital and nursing home), and grocery store. Most prototypes are simulated with two heating systems: gas furnace and heat pumps. We then perform DOE-2 simulations of the prototypical buildings, with light and dark roofs, in a variety of climates and obtain estimates of the energy use for air conditioning and heating.

Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.; Gartland, L. [and others

1997-05-01

415

UNIT, PETROLOGY.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS TEACHER'S GUIDE FOR A UNIT ON PETROLOGY IS SUITABLE FOR ADAPTATION AT EITHER THE UPPER ELEMENTARY OR THE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL LEVELS. THE UNIT BEGINS WITH A STORY THAT INTRODUCES VOLCANIC ACTION AND IGNEOUS ROCK FORMATION. SELECTED CONCEPTS ARE LISTED FOLLOWED BY SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES. A BIBLIOGRAPHY, FILM LIST, VOCABULARY LIST, AND QUESTION AND…

Louisiana Arts and Science Center, Baton Rouge.

416

UNIT, ALASKA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE UNIT DESCRIBED IN THIS BOOKLET DEALS WITH THE GEOGRAPHY OF ALASKA. THE UNIT IS PRESENTED IN OUTLINE FORM. THE FIRST SECTION DEALS PRINCIPALLY WITH THE PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF ALASKA. DISCUSSED ARE (1) THE SIZE, (2) THE MAJOR LAND REGIONS, (3) THE MOUNTAINS, VOLCANOES, GLACIERS, AND RIVERS, (4) THE NATURAL RESOURCES, AND (5) THE CLIMATE. THE…

Louisiana Arts and Science Center, Baton Rouge.

417

Hypoparathyroidism and Subclinical Hypothyroidism with Secondary Hemochromatosis  

PubMed Central

Hemochromatosis is an inherited genetic disorder of iron metabolism which can also occur as a secondary result of iron-overload. It leads to organ damage such as cardiomyopathy, liver cirrhosis, hypogonadism, and diabetes. This paper discusses a case of secondary hemochromatosis associated with repeated transfusions, presenting as asymptomatic hypoparathyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism with multiple organ involvement. The 29-year-old female, who had severe aplastic anemia, received multiple transfusions totaling approximately 1,400 units of red blood cells over 15 years. During her routine laboratory examination, hypocalcemia was detected with decreased intact parathyroid hormone and increased thyroid stimulating hormone. Serum ferritin, iron, and total iron binding capacity had increased to 27,583.03 ng/mL, 291 µg/dL, and 389 µg/dL, respectively. She had unusually bronze skin and computed tomography revealed iron deposition in the thyroid, liver, and heart. Multiorgan involvement as seen in this case is rare in hemochromatosis associated with secondary transfusions. To the best of the author's knowledge, this is the first case report in Korea of hypoparathyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism due to iron deposition in the parathyroid and thyroid gland. PMID:24741460

Jeong, Hyung Ki; An, Joon Hwan; Kim, Hyoung Sang; Cho, Eun Ae; Han, Min Gui; Moon, Jung Sik; Kang, Ho-Cheol

2014-01-01

418

Nonlinear Development and Secondary Instability of Traveling Crossflow Vortices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Transition research under NASA's Aeronautical Sciences Project seeks to develop a validated set of variable fidelity prediction tools with known strengths and limitations, so as to enable "sufficiently" accurate transition prediction and practical transition control for future vehicle concepts. This paper builds upon prior effort targeting the laminar breakdown mechanisms associated with stationary crossflow instability over a swept-wing configuration relevant to subsonic aircraft with laminar flow technology. Specifically, transition via secondary instability of traveling crossflow modes is investigated as an alternate scenario for transition. Results show that, for the parameter range investigated herein, secondary instability of traveling crossflow modes becomes insignificant in relation to the secondary instability of the stationary modes when the relative initial amplitudes of the traveling crossflow instability are lower than those of the stationary modes by approximately two orders of magnitudes or more. Linear growth predictions based on the secondary instability theory are found to agree well with those based on PSE and DNS, with the most significant discrepancies being limited to spatial regions of relatively weak secondary growth, i.e., regions where the primary disturbance amplitudes are smaller in comparison to its peak amplitude. Nonlinear effects on secondary instability evolution is also investigated and found to be initially stabilizing, prior to breakdown.

Li, Fei; Choudhari, Meelan M.; Duan, Lian; Chang, Chau-Lyan

2014-01-01

419

Famous building stones of our Nation's capital  

USGS Publications Warehouse

The buildings of our Nation's Capital are constructed with rocks from quarries located throughout the United States and many distant lands. The earliest Government buildings, however, were constructed with stones from nearby sources because it was too difficult and expensive to move heavy materials such as stone any great distance without the aid of modern transportation methods, including large cargo ships, trains, and trucks. This fact sheet describes the source and appearance of three frequently used local stones employed in building Washington, D.C., and the geologic environment in which they were formed.

U.S. Geological Survey

2012-01-01

420

Also Known As (Room or Building)  

E-print Network

Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Adam Smith Building Anderson College Adam Smith

Mottram, Nigel

421

Modular Buildings Buying Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that child care program directors who are expanding their programs or opening new child care centers investigate the possibility of renting, leasing, or purchasing a modular building. Discusses the advantages of modular buildings over conventional building construction or rented space in an occupied building. Provides information about…

Morris, Susan

1991-01-01

422

53. VIEW LOOKING S.E. AT THE CATALYZER BUILDINGS, COOLING SHEDS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

53. VIEW LOOKING S.E. AT THE CATALYZER BUILDINGS, COOLING SHEDS AND ABSORPTION BUILDINGS IN THE BACKGROUND. MAY 29, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

423

5. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, 1936. (North Elevation) Building No. 5 - USED FOR MANUFACTURE OF POWDER + AMMUNITION - United States Arsenal, Second & Arsenal Streets, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

424

6. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, 1936. (South Elevation) Building No. 6 - USED FOR MANUFACTURE OF POWDER + AMMUNITION - United States Arsenal, Second & Arsenal Streets, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

425

7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, 1936. (North Elevation) Building No. 7 - USED FOR MANUFACTURE OF POWDER AND AMMUNITION - United States Arsenal, Second & Arsenal Streets, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

426

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey, Theodore LaVack, Photographer. June 23, 1936. (Northt Elevation) Building No. 8 - USED FOR MANUFACTURE OF POWDER AND AMMUNITION - United States Arsenal, Second & Arsenal Streets, Saint Louis, Independent City, MO

427

Processor Units Reduce Satellite Construction Costs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the effort to build the Fast Affordable Science and Technology Satellite (FASTSAT), Marshall Space Flight Center developed a low-cost telemetry unit which is used to facilitate communication between a satellite and its receiving station. Huntsville, Alabama-based Orbital Telemetry Inc. has licensed the NASA technology and is offering to install the cost-cutting units on commercial satellites.

2014-01-01

428

EMERGING TECHNOLOGY REPORT: RECLAMATION OF LEAD FROM SUPERFUND WASTE MATERIAL USING SECONDARY LEAD SMELTERS  

EPA Science Inventory

There are over 3,000 sites across the United States contaminated with lead. Techniques to remediate these sites include standard stabilization/disposal technologies, reclamation of lead using secondary lead smelters, soil washing, and biological removal technologies. Throu...

429

Academic Motivation in Post-Secondary Students: Effects of Career Outcome Expectations and Type of Aspiration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a social cognitive theory framework, we examined the effects of career outcome expectations (COE) and aspiration to enter a science, technology, or math (STM) career on post-secondary academic motivation. Data were collected online from a sample of 380 post-secondary students in Canada and the United States. Analysis of covariance revealed…

Domene, Jose F.; Socholotiuk, Krista D.; Woitowicz, Lyndsay A.

2011-01-01

430

The History of Post-Secondary Finance in Alberta - An Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-secondary systems throughout Canada and the United States have struggled with funding issues during most of the last decade of the 20th Century, and the new millennium did not open with great enthusiasm for change. This article examines the impact of post-secondary education funding changes in Alberta, Canada, by tracing the historical…

Hauserman, Calvin P.; Stick, Sheldon L.

2005-01-01

431

Unit: Solar Energy, Inspection Pack, National Trial Print.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This unit is one of a series developed by the Australian Science Education Project (ASEP) for use by students at the junior secondary level (grades 7-10) in Australian schools. The unit is a trial version dealing with solar energy, and may be used independently or integrated into a sequential program with other units. All students complete the…

Australian Science Education Project, Toorak, Victoria.

432

Research-Based Teaching Unit on the Tides. Research Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to develop a new research-based learning unit for tides to be used in lower secondary schools. The learning unit was based on the scientific theory of tides, textbooks, and also an analysis of students' conceptions. Descriptions are included of the content and the teaching-learning activities of the unit. The teacher talk…

Viiri, Jouni; Saari, Heikki

2004-01-01

433

Automotive Computer Units. Vocational Trade and Industrial Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials included in "Automotive Computer Units" represent a unit of instruction to acquaint auto mechanics at all skill levels with the use of computers in today's automobiles. The unit is designed for use in full-time secondary and postsecondary classes and part-time adult classes. It may be adapted to open-entry, open-exit programs for…

Kenney, Jerry

434

BUILDING PROCTOR rev. April 2014  

E-print Network

...............................................................................................................................8 SAFETY, SECURITY AND RISK MANAGEMENT.............................................................................................11 Building / Department Notification System...................................................................................11 Building Safety Plan Template

435

Veggies Unite!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Veggies Unite! is a searchable index of vegetarian recipes. The site also includes information on topics such as storage tips, vitamins, and links to many nutrition and health WWW and gopher sites all over the world.

436

Analysis and Optimization of Building Energy Consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy is one of the most important resources required by modern human society. In 2010, energy expenditures represented 10% of global gross domestic product (GDP). By 2035, global energy consumption is expected to increase by more than 50% from current levels. The increased pace of global energy consumption leads to significant environmental and socioeconomic issues: (i) carbon emissions, from the burning of fossil fuels for energy, contribute to global warming, and (ii) increased energy expenditures lead to reduced standard of living. Efficient use of energy, through energy conservation measures, is an important step toward mitigating these effects. Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime target for energy conservation, comprising 21% of global energy consumption and 40% of the total energy consumption in the United States. This thesis describes techniques for the analysis and optimization of building energy consumption. The thesis focuses on building retrofits and building energy simulation as key areas in building energy optimization and analysis. The thesis first discusses and evaluates building-level renewable energy generation as a solution toward building energy optimization. The thesis next describes a novel heating system, called localized heating. Under localized heating, building occupants are heated individually by directed radiant heaters, resulting in a considerably reduced heated space and significant heating energy savings. To support localized heating, a minimally-intrusive indoor occupant positioning system is described. The thesis then discusses occupant-level sensing (OLS) as the next frontier in building energy optimization. OLS captures the exact environmental conditions faced by each building occupant, using sensors that are carried by all building occupants. The information provided by OLS enables fine-grained optimization for unprecedented levels of energy efficiency and occupant comfort. The thesis also describes a retrofit-oriented building energy simulator, ROBESim, that natively supports building retrofits. ROBESim extends existing building energy simulators by providing a platform for the analysis of novel retrofits, in addition to simulating existing retrofits. Using ROBESim, retrofits can be automatically applied to buildings, obviating the need for users to manually update building characteristics for comparisons between different building retrofits. ROBESim also includes several ease-of-use enhancements to support users of all experience levels.

Chuah, Jun Wei

437

Language Study in Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Calls for the study of language in secondary schools, discusses components of language study, notes the failure of the Bullock Report to point out the importance of language study, and discusses four characteristics of language that could serve as starting points for the study of language in secondary schools. (GT)

Stork, F. C.

1980-01-01

438

Carbon County Secondary Data Analysis  

E-print Network

Carbon County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 1 1 Community Health Data, MT Dept, Wheatland, Golden Valley, Musselshell, Sweet Grass, Stillwater, Yellowstone, Big Horn, and Carbon. CLRD* #12; Carbon County Secondary Data Analysis July 23, 2012 2 Socioeconomic Measures1

Maxwell, Bruce D.

439

INDUCED SECONDARY COMBUSTION IN WOODSTOVES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper provides information useful for woodstove designers concerned with reducing emissions. A dual-chamber woodstove was modified to induce secondary combustion by utilizing an ignition source and forced flow of secondary air. The ignition source was an electric glow plug in...

440

Performance Art at Secondary Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article considers the far-reaching potential and the particular characteristics of performance art within the secondary art curriculum. It discusses the means by which an art department has incorporated it into their teaching curriculum at a state secondary school with reference to installations and the work of different performance artists…

Horn, Sheridan

2009-01-01

441

An approach to management of critical indoor air problems in school buildings.  

PubMed Central

This study was conducted in a school center that had been the focus of intense public concern over 2 years because of suspected mold and health problems. Because several attempts to find solutions to the problem within the community were not satisfactory, outside specialists were needed for support in solving the problem. The study group consisted of experts in civil engineering, indoor mycology, and epidemiology. The studies were conducted in close cooperation with the city administration. Structures at risk were opened, moisture and temperature were measured, and the causes of damage were analyzed. Microbial samples were taken from the air, surfaces, and materials. Health questionnaires were sent to the schoolchildren and personnel. Information on the measurements and their results was released regularly to school employees, students and their parents, and to the media. Repairs were designed on the basis of this information. Moisture damage was caused mainly by difficult moisture conditions at the building site, poor ventilation, and water leaks. Fungal genera (concentrations <200 colony-forming units (cfu)/m(3), <3000 cfu/cm(2)) typical to buildings with mold problems (e.g., Aspergillus versicolor, Eurotium) were collected from the indoor air and surfaces of the school buildings. Where moisture-prone structures were identified and visible signs of damage or elevated moisture content were recorded, the numbers of microbes also were high; thus microbial results from material samples supported the conclusions made in the structural studies. Several irritative and recurrent symptoms were common among the upper secondary and high school students. The prevalence of asthma was high (13%) among the upper secondary school students. During the last 4 years, the incidence of asthma was 3-fold that of the previous 4-year period. Images Figure 1 PMID:10423392

Haverinen, U; Husman, T; Toivola, M; Suonketo, J; Pentti, M; Lindberg, R; Leinonen, J; Hyvärinen, A; Meklin, T; Nevalainen, A

1999-01-01

442

Control Dewar Secondary Vacuum Container  

SciTech Connect

This engineering note provides background information regarding the control dewar secondary vacuum container. The secondary vacuum container has it's origin with the CDP control dewar design. The name secondary vacuum container replaced the CDP term 'Watt can' which was named after Bob Watt (SLAC), a PAC/DOE review committee member who participated in a review of CDP and recommended a secondary vacuum enclosure. One of the most fragile parts of the control dewar design is the ceramic electrical feed throughs located in the secondary vacuum container. The secondary vacuum container is provided to guard against potential leaks in these ceramic insulating feed throughs. The secondary vacuum container has a pumping line separate from the main solenoid/control dewar insulating vacuum. This pumping line is connected to the inlet of the turbo pump for initial pumpdown. Under normal operation the container is isolated. Should a feedthrough develop a small leak, alternate pumping arrangements for the secondary vacuum container could be arranged. The pressure in the secondary vacuum container should be kept in a range that the breakdown voltage is kept at a maximum. The breakdown voltage is known to be a function of pressure and is described by a Paschen curve. I cannot find a copy of the curve at this time, but from what I remember, the breakdown voltage is a minimum somewhere around 10-3 torr. Ideally the pressure in the secondary vacuum can should be kept very low, around 10 E-6 or 10 E-7 torr for maximum breakdown voltage. If however a leak developed and this was not possible, then one could operate at a pressure higher than the minima point.

Rucinski, R.; /Fermilab

1993-10-04

443

67. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEUTRALIZER BUILDING, LOOKING AT CONDENSERS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

67. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEUTRALIZER BUILDING, LOOKING AT CONDENSERS, NEUTRALIZERS AND STORAGE TANKS, APRIL 11, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

444

PERSPECTIVE VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST AT THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PERSPECTIVE VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST AT THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING, AMMONIA SPHERES IN FOREGROUND. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

445

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING NORTHEAST AT A C. 1932 CHICAGO PNEUMATIC COMPRESSOR. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

446

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING WEST AT INGERSOLL-RAND COMPRESSORS #BE565 & 564. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

447

63. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

63. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT THE FIRE BOX AND KILN FOR DILLUTANT. APRIL 22, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

448

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING NORTHWEST AT A C. 1932 CHICAGO PNEUMATIC COMPRESSOR. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

449

60. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE RAW MATERIALS BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE RAW MATERIALS BUILDING, LOOKING AT THE POIDOMETER AND WEIGHING MACHINE. MAY 5, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

450

62. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

62. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT THE LIME KILNS AND MOTOR DRIVES FOR THE KILNS. (DATE UNKNOWN). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

451

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT INGERSOLL-RAND COMPRESSORS #BE565 & 564. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

452

66. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COOLING BUILDING, LOOKING AM DAMPERS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

66. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COOLING BUILDING, LOOKING AM DAMPERS, HIGH TEMPERATURE AND LOW TEMPERATURE COOLERS. APRIL 11, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

453

69. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE ABSORPTION TOWER BUILDING, ABSORPTION TOWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

69. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE ABSORPTION TOWER BUILDING, ABSORPTION TOWER UNDER CONSTRUCTION. (DATE UNKNOWN). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

454

61. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COKE DRYER BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

61. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COKE DRYER BUILDING, LOOKING AT FIRE BOXES AND SILOS FOR COKE DRYERS. APRIL 22, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

455

58. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

58. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew Theatre Archives, Courtesy, The Columbus Association for the Performing Arts LADIES COSMETIC ROOM, 1928. - Loew's & United Artists Ohio Theatre, 39 East State Street, Columbus, Franklin County, OH

456

57. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

57. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew Theatre Archives, Courtesy, The Columbus Association for the Performing Arts LADIES COSMETIC ROOM, BASEMENT, 1928. - Loew's & United Artists Ohio Theatre, 39 East State Street, Columbus, Franklin County, OH

457

59. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

59. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew Theatre Archives, Courtesy, The Columbus Association for the Performing Arts LADIES COSMETIC ROOM, FIRST MEZZANINE, 1928. - Loew's & United Artists Ohio Theatre, 39 East State Street, Columbus, Franklin County, OH

458

Energy efficiency indicators for high electric-load buildings  

SciTech Connect

Energy per unit of floor area is not an adequate indicator for energy efficiency in high electric-load buildings. For two activities, restaurants and computer centres, alternative indicators for energy efficiency are discussed.

Aebischer, Bernard; Balmer, Markus A.; Kinney, Satkartar; Le Strat, Pascale; Shibata, Yoshiaki; Varone, Frederic

2003-06-01

459

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 GENERAL VIEW FROM SANSON STREET. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

460

24. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 GREAT ROOM, VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

461

10. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 INSIDE THE NORTH PORTICO - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

462

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy from Harpers, vol. 20 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy from Harpers, vol. 20 1859 Courtesy of Library of Congress NORTH AND EAST FRONTS - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

463

8. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 COURTYARD, LOOKING NORTH - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

464

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy: Courtesy of Library of ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey Photocopy: Courtesy of Library of Congress undated (after c. 1873) NORTH AND WEST SIDES - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

465

5. Historic American Buildings Survey COPY OF OLD (UNDATED) NEGATIVE, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey COPY OF OLD (UNDATED) NEGATIVE, UNITED STATES COAST GUARD DISTRICT OFFICE 427 COMMERCIAL STREET, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS - Portland Breakwater Lighthouse, Northeast end of Portland Breakwater, Portland Harbor, South Portland, Cumberland County, ME

466

9. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 COURTYARD, LOOKING SOUTHEAST - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

467

20. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 STAIR, SOUTH PORTION - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

468

15. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 TYPICAL OFFICE, FIRST FLOOR (ROOM 102) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

469

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSINGBARRITT ENGRAVING FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSING-BARRITT ENGRAVING FROM CHARLES NORDHOFF'S COMMUNISTIC SOCIETIES OF THE UNITED STATES (1875), p. 130. - Shaker Church Family Seed House, Shaker Road, New Lebanon, Columbia County, NY

470

21. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 DETAIL OF DOME OVER STAIRCASE, SOUTH PORTION - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

471

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 NORTH ELEVATION - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

472

4. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 WEST AND SOUTH SIDES - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

473

15. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

15. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 LEFT HALF, SANSOM STREET FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

474

21. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

21. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL RIGHT HALF, EAST ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

475

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSINGBARRITT ENGRAVING FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSING-BARRITT ENGRAVING FROM CHARLES NORDHOFF'S COMMUNISTIC SOCIETIES OF THE UNITED STATES (1875) p. 162. - Shaker Church Family Trustees' Office, Shaker Road, New Lebanon, Columbia County, NY

476

2. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, August ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Historic American Buildings Survey W. N. Manning, Photographer, August 16, 1935 VIEW OF REAR (EAST) AND NORTH END - United States Hotel, North Broadnax & East Green Streets, Dadeville, Tallapoosa County, AL

477

25. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 CENTRAL ROOM, E STREET SIDE, THIRD FLOOR - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

478

22. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 HALL, EIGHTH STREET SIDE, SECOND FLOOR - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

479

33. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

33. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF WINDOWS IN GREAT HALL. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

480

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSINGBARRITT ENGRAVING FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSING-BARRITT ENGRAVING FROM CHARLES NORDHOFF'S COMMUNISTIC SOCIETIES OF THE UNITED STATES (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1875), p. 155. - Shaker Church Family Herb House, Shaker Road, New Lebanon, Columbia County, NY

481

14. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

14. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 DETAIL OF CEILING - EIGHTH STREET ENTRANCE - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

482

27. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 TYPICAL OFFICE, THIRD FLOOR (ROOM 344) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

483

28. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

28. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ATTIC OF WEST WING - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

484

13. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 HALL, SEVENTH STREET SIDE, FIRST FLOOR - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

485

18. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

18. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 TYPICAL OFFICE, SECOND FLOOR (ROOM 276) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

486

25. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

25. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 GREAT ROOM, VIEW LOOKING NORTHWEST. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

487

19. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

19. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 HALL, E STREET SIDE, FIRST FLOOR - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

488

24. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

24. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 UPPER PART OF DEAD-LETTER OFFICE (NOW HEARING ROOM, THIRD FLOOR) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

489

20. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

20. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF LEFT HALF, EAST ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

490

11. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 DETAIL OF COLUMNS, NORTH ELEVATION. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

491

26. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

26. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 DETAIL OF DOME IN CENTER ROOM, SOUTH SIDE, THIRD FLOOR - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

492

7. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 DETAIL OF SOUTH ENTRANCE (E STREET) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

493

6. Historic American Buildings Survey COPY OF UNDATED DRAWING OF ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey COPY OF UNDATED DRAWING OF ELEVATION, PLANS, AND SECTION, UNITED STATES COAST GUARD DISTRICT OFFICE 427 COMMERCIAL STREET, BOSTON, MASSACHUSETTS - Portland Breakwater Lighthouse, Northeast end of Portland Breakwater, Portland Harbor, South Portland, Cumberland County, ME

494

5. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Historic American Buildings Survey, Frederick D. Nichols, Photographer June, 1939 GENERAL VIEW OF NORTHEAST FACADE. - Second Bank of the United States, 420 Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Philadelphia County, PA

495

12. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 VESTIBULE: SEVENTH STREET ENTRANCE - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

496

23. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 DOORWAY, THIRD FLOOR - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

497

17. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

17. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 HALL, SECOND FLOOR (E STREET SIDE) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

498

6. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 EAST AND NORTH SIDES - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

499

11. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 DETAIL, EIGHTH STREET ENTRANCE (WEST) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

500

16. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

16. Historic American Buildings Survey Ronald Comedy, Photographer July 1969 TYPICAL OFFICE, FIRST FLOOR (ROOM 132) - United States General Post Office, Between Seventh, Eighth, E, & F Streets, Northwest, Washington, District of Columbia, DC