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1

Cation exchange at the secondary building units of metal–organic frameworks  

E-print Network

Cation exchange is an emerging synthetic route for modifying the secondary building units (SBUs) of metal–organic frameworks (MOFs). This technique has been used extensively to enhance the properties of nanocrystals and ...

Brozek, Carl Kavanaugh

2

An EXAFS study of the formation of a nanoporous metal-organic framework: evidence for the retention of secondary building units during synthesis.  

PubMed

EXAFS data measured from amorphous intermediates and crystallisation solutions provides the first evidence that trimeric iron oxide secondary building units remain intact during crystallisation of the metal-organic framework MIL-89 from starting materials to products. PMID:16575446

Surblé, Suzy; Millange, Franck; Serre, Christian; Férey, Gérard; Walton, Richard I

2006-04-14

3

Secondary structure of short ?-peptides as the chiral expression of monomeric building units: a rational and predictive model.  

PubMed

Chirality of the monomeric residues controls and determines the prevalent folding of small oligopeptides (from di- to tetramers) composed of 2-aminocyclobutane-1-carboxylic acid (ACBA) derivatives with the same or different absolute and relative configuration. The cis-form of the monomeric ACBA gives rise to two conformers, namely, Z6 and Z8, while the trans-form manifests uniquely as an H8 structure. By combining these subunits in oligo- and polypeptides, their local structural preference remains, thus allowing the rational design of new short foldamers. A lego-type molecular architecture evolves; the overall look depends only on the conformational properties of the structural building units. A versatile and efficient method to predict the backbone folds of designed cyclobutane ?-peptides is based on QM calculations. Predictions are corroborated by high-resolution NMR studies on selected stereoisomers, most of them being new foldamers that have been synthesized and characterized for the first time. Thus, the chiral expression of monomeric building units results in the defined secondary structures of small oligomers. As a result of this study, a new set of chirality controlled foldamers is provided to probe as biocompatible biopolymers. PMID:23030251

Gorrea, Esther; Pohl, Gábor; Nolis, Pau; Celis, Sergio; Burusco, Kepa K; Branchadell, Vicenç; Perczel, András; Ortuño, Rosa M

2012-11-01

4

A Metal-Organic Framework Containing Unusual Eight-Connected Zr-Oxo Secondary Building Units and Orthogonal Carboxylic Acids for Ultra-sensitive Metal Detection.  

PubMed

Two metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) with Zr-oxo secondary building units (SBUs) were prepared by using p,p'-terphenyldicarboxylate (TPDC) bridging ligands pre-functionalized with orthogonal succinic acid (MOF-1) and maleic acid groups (MOF-2). Single-crystal X-ray structure analysis of MOF-1 provides the first direct evidence for eight-connected SBUs in UiO-type MOFs. In contrast, MOF-2 contains twelve-connected SBUs as seen in the traditional UiO MOF topology. These structural assignments were confirmed by extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) analysis. The highly porous MOF-1 is an excellent fluorescence sensor for metal ions with the detection limit of <0.5 ppb for Mn(2+) and three to four orders of magnitude greater sensitivity for metal ions than previously reported luminescent MOFs. PMID:25294005

Carboni, Michaël; Lin, Zekai; Abney, Carter W; Zhang, Teng; Lin, Wenbin

2014-11-10

5

Mississippi Curriculum Framework for Building Trades (Program CIP: 46.0490--Building Trades, General). Secondary Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which reflects Mississippi's statutory requirement that instructional programs be based on core curricula and performance-based assessment, contains outlines of the instructional units required in local instructional management plans and daily lesson plans for two secondary-level courses in the building trades: building trades I and…

Mississippi Research and Curriculum Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, State College.

6

Design and preliminary tests of the VLT secondary mirror unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mechanics of the secondary unit are located behind the secondary mirror as seen from the telescope focus. The secondary is undersized and defines the pupil of the telescope. There is a focusing and centering drive for slow adjustments of the secondary mirror. In addition, the secondary mirror has a fast beam steering mechanism for chopping and rapid guiding to

Stefano Stanghellini; Emmanuel Manil; M. Schmid; K. H. Dost

1997-01-01

7

Microworlds: Building Powerful Ideas in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) developed a programming language called LOGO. Underpinning this invention was a profound new philosophy of how learners learn. This paper reviews research in the area and asks how one notion in particular, that of a microworld, may be used by secondary school educators to build powerful…

Jenkins, Craig William

2012-01-01

8

REACH. Electricity Units, Post-Secondary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a part of the REACH (Refrigeration, Electro-Mechanical, Air-Conditioning, Heating) electromechanical cluster, this postsecondary student manual contains individualized instructional units in the area of electricity. The instructional units focus on electricity fundamentals, electric motors, electrical components, and controls and installation.…

Smith, Gene; And Others

9

Torture: A Unit for Secondary Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Torture is a worldwide, not an isolated, phenomenon. It is epidemic in the world. A human rights unit for high school students on torture as a tool of the state is presented. An interdisciplinary approach, involving social studies and language arts, is used. (RM)

Totten, Samuel

1985-01-01

10

Aerospace-Oriented Units for Use in Secondary School Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of nine units is intended to furnish aerospace-oriented resource material to help teachers include recent scientific and technological advances in the secondary school science curriculum. The units provided are as follows: history of astronomy, the solar system, beyond the solar system, history of flight, spaceflight facts, aerology,…

Williams, Mary H.; And Others

11

Design and preliminary tests of the VLT secondary mirror unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The mechanics of the secondary unit are located behind the secondary mirror as seen from the telescope focus. The secondary is undersized and defines the pupil of the telescope. There is a focusing and centering drive for slow adjustments of the secondary mirror. In addition, the secondary mirror has a fast beam steering mechanism for chopping and rapid guiding to remove atmospheric wavefront tilt during observations. The specified square wave chopping frequency is 5 Hz with a duty cycle larger than 80%. To achieve a high bandwidth, the secondary mirror is manufactured of light-weighted beryllium coated with nickel. The beam steering mechanism has a counter-vibrating mass to compensate for dynamic forces and moments. The chopping mechanism has been successfully tested. The code of the digital control used during the tests was generated using Matlab real time toolbox. The servos were implemented on a digital signal processor card equipped with a TMS 320C40. To compensate for resonances inside the bandwidth of the servos, a special filter is applied in the velocity loop. The design of the secondary unit is now completed and fabrication and assembly have begun.

Stanghellini, Stefano; Manil, Emmanuel; Schmid, M.; Dost, K. H.

1997-03-01

12

Expanding Secondary Attainment in the United States, 1940–80  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, the authors examine the growth of secondary school attainment in the United States between 1940 and 1980, exploring several different conceptual frames of reference. Using state-level data, the authors identify a diffusion model of educational expansion using a fixed-effects panel regression approach. This method is used to analyze change over time, with particular attention to evaluating nonlinear

John L. Rury; Argun Saatcioglu; William P. Skorupski

2010-01-01

13

Natural ventilation possibilities for buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

In the United States, many of the commercial buildings built in the last few decades are completely mechanically air conditioned, without the capability to use natural ventilation. This habit has occurred in building designs ...

Dean, Brian N. (Brian Nathan), 1974-

2001-01-01

14

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in the United States  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in U.S., including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial and residential buildings in the U.S.

Halverson, Mark A.; Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd

2009-04-30

15

[Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}(DABCO){sub 2}].0.5DABCO.4CH{sub 3}OH ('MFU-5'): Modular synthesis of a zeolite-like metal-organic framework constructed from tetrahedral {l_brace}Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}{r_brace} secondary building units and linear organic linkers  

SciTech Connect

A novel metal-organic framework (MOF) based on a tetranuclear copper cluster and a linear organic ligand formulated as [Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}(DABCO){sub 2}].0.5DABCO.4CH{sub 3}OH (denoted as MFU-5, MFU=Metal-Organic Framework, Ulm University; DABCO=1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane), was prepared via solvothermal synthesis. In contrast with common MOF synthesis strategies, MFU-5 is assembled from pre-defined molecular secondary building units, i.e. {l_brace}Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}{r_brace} moieties, which become the nodes of the coordination framework. The title compound was characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, variable temperature powder diffraction (VT-XRPD), thermal analysis, as well as IR- and UV/Vis spectroscopy. Crystal data for MFU-5: hexagonal, P6/mcc (no. 192), a=25.645(9), c=17.105(11) A, V=9742(8) A{sup 3}, Z=12, 1690 structure factors, R[F{sup 2}>2sigma(F{sup 2})]=0.049. MFU-5 is a 3D metal-organic framework with 1D channels running along the c-axis hosting DABCO and methanol solvent molecules. The framework displays a zeolite-like structure constructed from mso cages, which represents the composite building units in the zeolites SSF, MSO and SZR. Two-fold interpenetration is observed between these building units. TG/DTA-MS and VT-XRPD characterization reveal a stepwise release of methanol and DABCO molecules upon heating, eventually resulting in a structural change into a non-porous material. - Graphical abstract: The metal-organic framework [Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}(DABCO){sub 2}].0.5DABCO.4CH{sub 3}OH (MFU-5) is constructed from a molecular precursor containing {l_brace}Cu{sub 4}OCl{sub 6}{r_brace} secondary building units which become cross-linked into a 3D zeolite-type network with hexagonal symmetry by linear DABCO ligands (DABCO=1,4-diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane).

Liu Yingya; Grzywa, Maciej [Ulm University, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry II-Materials and Catalysis, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm (Germany); Weil, Matthias [Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics, Division of Structural Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/164-SC, A-1060 Vienna (Austria); Volkmer, Dirk, E-mail: dirk.volkmer@uni-ulm.d [Ulm University, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry II-Materials and Catalysis, Albert-Einstein-Allee 11, D-89081 Ulm (Germany)

2010-01-15

16

Three mile island unit 2 postaccident reactor building entry program  

Microsoft Academic Search

In May 1979, following the March 28, 1979, accident at Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2), Metropolitan Edison Company established the Containment Assessment Task Force (CATF). The overall objective of the CATF was to evaluate the environment inside the reactor building to determine the feasibility of reactor building entry and to enter the reactor building if conditions permitted to gather

Langenbach

1988-01-01

17

Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides the essential information architects need to fast-start a school design process and shares what leading architects have learned about elementary and secondary school design. It provides critical information on the process, potential problems, design concerns, and recent trends in school design, along with complete coverage of…

Perkins, Bradford

18

Building Bridges: Transitions from Elementary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most young people leave elementary school and move into some form of secondary school during early adolescence. At precisely the time that young people are navigating multiple developmental challenges (social, intellectual, academic, physical), they are expected to move between these intuitions of public education. The transition is commonly…

Tilleczek, Kate

2008-01-01

19

STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

STATION BUILDING. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plan, elevations, sections, details. Austin Willmott Earl, Consulting Engineer, 233 Sansome Street, San Francisco, California. Drawing no. 504. Various scales. January 20, 1945, no revisions. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76, amendments 4 & 5. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Electrical Services & Switching Station, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

20

52. Interior of launch support building, hydraulic pumping unit at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

52. Interior of launch support building, hydraulic pumping unit at lower center, service disconnect at right, view towards south - Ellsworth Air Force Base, Delta Flight, Launch Facility, On County Road T512, south of Exit 116 off I-90, Interior, Jackson County, SD

21

Preservation Building Survey Form for Freestanding Library Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A modification of a University of Michigan form, this survey form is designed to obtain information on a freestanding library unit for preservation. The questionnaire covers the following areas: (1) library facility construction--e.g., primary building materials, characteristics of the foundation and roof, recent problems; (2) heating and cooling…

Huff, Susan M.

22

PBF Reactor Building (PER620). Piping in basement fills space. Secondary ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PBF Reactor Building (PER-620). Piping in basement fills space. Secondary coolant flowed through carbon steel pipe; primary coolant, through stainless steel. Photographer: Larry Page. Date: April 30, 1970. INEEL negative no. 70-2080 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, SPERT-I & Power Burst Facility Area, Scoville, Butte County, ID

23

Patterns, Structures, and Amino Acid Frequencies in Structural Building Blocks, a Protein Secondary  

E-print Network

Patterns, Structures, and Amino Acid Frequencies in Structural Building Blocks, a Protein Secondary Structure Classification Scheme Jacquelyn S. Fetrow,1* Michael J. Palumbo,1 and George Berg2 Departments ABSTRACT To study local structures in proteins, we previously developed an autoasso- ciative artificial

Berg, George

24

Innovation in Construction of Small Secondary Schools in Thailand. Educational Building Report 19.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1987, a project was initiated in Thailand to develop a prototype to be used as a standard design for the construction of rural secondary schools in all areas of the country. The project had three objectives: (1) to derive architectural designs for classroom and auxiliary buildings that could be constructed within available budgets and would be…

Ministry of Education, Bangkok (Thailand).

25

Truth: Humanities Unit (Middle and Secondary Grade Levels). Programs for Gifted Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One in a series of instructional units designed for gifted students, this booklet describes a humanities unit for students in middle and secondary grades. The specific focus of the unit is on truth as it is perceived and expressed in philosophy, literature, art, music, drama, and the social sciences. The study of truth and its surrounding concepts…

Abbott, Barbara; Kolman, Peter

26

A Collection of Teaching Units about Japan for Secondary Social Studies Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document contains a collection of eight selected secondary level units of study about Japan. Individual units were planned and written by teachers who participated in the first Southwest Program for Teaching about Japan (SPTAJ) study tour to that country during 1987. Unit topics include: (1) "An Introduction To Japanese Medicine" (G. Adams);…

Barker, Bruce, Comp; Christian, Duane, Comp.

27

United States History in the Secondary School. Labor in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is one unit of the series described in SO 000 378. In the nineteen thirties and forties, government began to act as the fulcrum in a balance of power between labor and industry. It is necessary for the students to understand the importance of the role of all three in American Society today. The specific objectives of this unit are enumerated:…

Point Pleasant Beach Board of Education, NJ.

28

Three mile island unit 2 postaccident reactor building entry program  

SciTech Connect

In May 1979, following the March 28, 1979, accident at Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2), Metropolitan Edison Company established the Containment Assessment Task Force (CATF). The overall objective of the CATF was to evaluate the environment inside the reactor building to determine the feasibility of reactor building entry and to enter the reactor building if conditions permitted to gather data to be used to plan for reactor building decontamination, defueling, and cleanup. The decontamination of the containment atmosphere and the initial entry were considered to be the initial vital steps in the cleanup and the defueling of TMI-2. To accomplish the assigned duties, the CATF conducted a number of experiments to assess the in-containment environment. The data gathered from the experiments were utilized to prepare for the initial entries. The results of the entries demonstrated the conservatism in the preentry analysis, which assumed the worst case. The radiation levels were 100 to 1000 times less than the original estimates before the preentry experiments were performed and 2 to 3 times less than estimates based on the preentry experiments.

Langenbach, J.W.

1988-01-01

29

Nigeria: Teaching Resource Units for Use in American Elementary and Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty social studies units present an in-depth investigation of Nigerian geography, culture, history, and government. The guide is intended for use by elementary and secondary classroom teachers as they develop and implement educational programs on Nigeria. Providing general background information, the first two units focus on African geography…

Akinola, Joshua A.

30

24 CFR 983.56 - Cap on number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Cap on number of PBV units in each building...Selection of PBV Owner Proposals § 983.56 Cap on number of PBV units in each building. (a) 25 percent per building cap. Except as provided in...

2013-04-01

31

24 CFR 983.56 - Cap on number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Cap on number of PBV units in each building...Selection of PBV Owner Proposals § 983.56 Cap on number of PBV units in each building. (a) 25 percent per building cap. Except as provided in...

2012-04-01

32

24 CFR 983.56 - Cap on number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Cap on number of PBV units in each building...Selection of PBV Owner Proposals § 983.56 Cap on number of PBV units in each building. (a) 25 percent per building cap. Except as provided in...

2011-04-01

33

Model of Electron Cloud Build up with Secondary Ion-Electron Emission as a Source of Delayed Electrons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beam particle leaking to the gap and anomaly high reflectivity of low energy electrons in collision with pipe wall was proposed as explanation of anomalously long electron cloud survival after the gap between bunches. Another possibility of secondary electron generation with a long delay time after bunch passing is the secondary ion-electron emission. The model of electron cloud build up

V. Dudnikov; G. Dudnikova

2005-01-01

34

Compassion Fatigue and Secondary Traumatization: Provider Self Care on Intensive Care Units for Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionUnexpressed grief in health care providers who care for chronically ill children may lead to the development of some symptoms of compassion fatigue. The purpose of this study was to describe the scope of compassion fatigue in health care providers working on critical care units with children. A secondary aim was to evaluate the effectiveness of providing educational seminars on

Patrick Meadors; Angela Lamson

2008-01-01

35

Sharing British Columbia's Water Resources. A Teaching Unit for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seventeen student worksheets form a secondary school unit which focuses on the challenge of shared usage of water resources. Pressure currently exists for a more balanced approach in which all legitimate interests in a water source are served. The worksheets include readings which focus on enough water for all, the water cycle (including a…

Gunn, Angus M.

36

International Students in the United States: A Guide for Secondary School Administrators.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A secondary school principals' reference guide provides information on key issues concerning foreign students in the United States both in organized exchange programs and under sponsorship of relatives and friends. The topics discussed include: elements in promoting successful youth exchange programs; admissions and academic placement (initial…

National Association for Foreign Student Affairs, Washington, DC.

37

Electrical. Teacher's Guide. Building Maintenance Units of Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide on electrical building maintenance, one in a series of six publications designed for building maintenance instructors in Texas, is designed to give students an understanding of electricity in order to know how to make basic repairs to the electrical systems in a building. Introductory material provides teachers with information…

East Texas State Univ., Commerce. Occupational Curriculum Lab.

38

A case study of secondary teachers facilitating a historical problem-based learning instructional unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Current curriculum trends promote inquiry-based student-centered strategies as a way to foster critical thinking and learning. Problem-based learning (PBL), a type of inquiry focusing on an issue or "problem," is an instructional approach taught on the basis that science reform efforts increase scientific literacy. PBL is a constructivist approach to learning real life problems where understanding is a function of content, context, experiences, and learner goals; historical PBL situates the lesson in a historical context and provides opportunities for teaching NOS concepts. While much research exists on the benefits of historical PBL to student learning in general, more research is warranted on how teachers implement PBL in the secondary science curriculum. The purpose of this study was to examine the classroom-learning environment of four science teachers implementing a historical PBL instructional unit to identify the teachers' understandings, successes and obstacles. By identifying teachers' possible achievements and barriers with implementing a constructivist philosophy when executing historical PBL, educators and curriculum designers may improve alignment of the learning environment to constructivist principles. A qualitative interpretive case study guided this research study. The four participants of this study were purposefully and conveniently selected from biology teachers with at least three years of teaching experience, degrees in education, State Licensure, and completion of a PBL workshop. Data collection consisted of pre and post questionnaires, structured interviews, a card sort activity in which participants categorized instructional outcomes, and participant observations. Results indicated that the four teachers assimilated reform-based constructivist practices to fit within their preexisting routines and highlighted the importance of incorporating teachers' current systems into reform-based teacher instruction. While participating teachers addressed a few NOS tenets, emphasizing the full range of possible NOS objectives included in historical PBL is warranted. This study also revealed the importance of creating a collaborative classroom culture and building positive student-teacher relationships when implementing PBL instruction. The four teachers agreed that the historical PBL instructional unit provided a context for learning state standards, and they positively viewed their experiences teaching the lesson. Thus findings from this study suggest that teaching science in a historical context using PBL can be effective.

Pecore, John L.

39

Framework materials assembled from magnesium carboxylate building units.  

PubMed

Four coordination polymers containing magnesium metal nodes and di- or tricarboxylic acid organic connectors have been synthesised and structurally characterised with the aid of single crystal X-ray diffraction. Mg3(bdc)3(DMA)4 (1) and Mg3(bdc)3(EtOH)2 (2) were prepared from the 1 : 1 reaction of 1,4-benzenedicarboxylic acid (H(2)bdc) with Mg(NO3)2.6H2O in dimethylacetamide (DMA) or EtOH respectively. Both 1 and 2 contain tri-metallic magnesium carboxylate units which act as six-coordinate nodes for network construction. These tri-magnesium nodes are joined by the bdc ligands in 1 to give a 2D layered structure with coordinated DMA solvent molecules between the layers, whereas in 2 they stack end-on to form a novel 3D network containing 1D Mg carboxylate chains. Both 1 and 2 are moderately hygroscopic, and powder X-ray diffraction and thermogravimetric analysis studies show them to be interconvertible with Mg(bdc) and the hydrated complex Mg(bdc)(H2O)2 via a series of solid-state reactions. Reaction of magnesium nitrate with 4,4'-biphenyldicarboxylic acid (H(2)bpdc) in DMA gives Mg3(bpdc)3(DMA)4 (3), which in contrast to 2 forms a 'squashed' 3D cubic network as a result of the increased distance between the trinuclear nodes necessitated by the longer bpdc ligands. Reaction of magnesium nitrate with the triangular organic building block 1,3,5-tricarboxylic acid (H(3)btc) in DMA gives crystals of Mg(H(1.5)btc)2/3(btc)1/3(DMA)2.(DMA)1/3 (4). Compound 4 contains mono-metallic metal nodes which assemble with the btc ligands to give 2D 6(3) tessellated layers with Mg-coordinated DMA molecules lying perpendicular to the layers. Some free DMA is also present in 4, sited in small pores between the layers. PMID:17563788

Davies, Robert P; Less, Robert J; Lickiss, Paul D; White, Andrew J P

2007-06-28

40

Characterization of the Three Mile Island Unit-2 reactor building atmosphere prior to the reactor building purge  

SciTech Connect

The Three Mile Island Unit-2 reactor building atmosphere was sampled prior to the reactor building purge. Samples of the containment atmosphere were obtained using specialized sampling equipment installed through penetration R-626 at the 358-foot (109-meter) level of the TMI-2 reactor building. The samples were subsequently analyzed for radionuclide concentration and for gaseous molecular components (O/sub 2/, N/sub 2/, etc.) by two independent laboratories at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The sampling procedures, analysis methods, and results are summarized.

Hartwell, J.K.; Mandler, J.W.; Duce, S.W.; Motes, B.G.

1981-05-01

41

Large Hospital Buildings in the United States in 2007  

EIA Publications

Hospitals consume large amounts of energy because of how they are run and the many people that use them. They are open 24 hours a day; thousands of employees, patients, and visitors occupy the buildings daily; and sophisticated heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems control the temperatures and air flow. In addition, many energy intensive activities occur in these buildings: laundry, medical and lab equipment use, sterilization, computer and server use, food service, and refrigeration.

2012-01-01

42

Generation of sub-micron particles and secondary pollutants from building materials by ozone reaction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study reports results from two different experiments examining reactions between ozone and common building materials that can lead to the formation of secondary products and particulate-phase materials. Monitored species include sub-micron particles and volatile organic compounds (VOCs). In the first set of experiments, various building materials were placed in a 20 L stainless-steel chamber and exposed to ozone. The materials included expanded polystyrene, a natural rubber adhesive, cedar board, Japanese Cyprus board and silver fir board, as well as d-limonene, which is a known constituent of certain woods and cleaning products. The combination of ozone and either d-limonene, cedar board or cypress board produced sub-micron particles, with most of the increase occurring in the size range of 0.01- 0.5?m diameter. This was not observed for the other materials. In the case of cedar board, the consequence of ozone exposure over an extended time interval was monitored. As the exposure time elapsed, the concentration of sub-micron particles moderately decreased. In the second set of experiments, unwaxed or waxed plastic tiles were placed in the 20 L chamber and exposed to ozone. Sub-micron particles and organic compounds were measured during the course of the experiments. In the case of the waxed tile, the number of 0.01- 1.0?m size particles grew about 50×108particlesm-3; particle growth was significantly less for the un-waxed tile. For both the waxed and un-waxed tiles, the emission rates of heptane, nonane, nonanal, and decanal increased after ozone was added to the supply air. (However, it is not clear if some or all of this production was due to ozone reacting with the sorbent used for sampling or with compounds captured by the sorbent.) This study provides further evidence that ozone-initiated reactions with building materials can be a significant source of both sub-micron particles and secondary organic compounds in indoor environments.

Aoki, Taisuke; Tanabe, Shin-ichi

43

Green Building Performance Evaluation in the United States: Measured Results from LEED- New Construction Buildings  

E-print Network

, and the relatively few buildings constructed to similar standards. The growth of the LEED certification system and the development of the Energy Star tool for rating commercial building energy performance now make it possible to begin more comprehensive studies... suggest a promising trend. However, that most recent point was based on just 410 observations, across all building types, regions, sizes, etc. To further explore the impact of vintage in the benchmark choice for this study, the Results section does...

Hewitt, D.; Turner, C.; Frankel, M.

44

Guidelines for the evaluation of building systems in the United Arab Emirates  

E-print Network

The aim of this thesis is to explore the feasibility of an export-geared building industrialization in the United Arab Emirates, and to develop a tentative strategy for the implementation of such industrialization. The ...

Kadri, Toufic Elias

1982-01-01

45

Primary and secondary contributions to ambient PM in the midwestern United States.  

PubMed

Ambient PM2.5 samples were collected in five midwestern United States cities throughout 2004: East St. Louis, Illinois; Detroit Michigan; Cincinnati, Ohio; Bondville, Illinois; and Northbrook, Illinois. Monthly composites were analyzed using chemical derivatization coupled with GC-MS analysis to estimate the contributions of several sources to the total ambient organic carbon. A chemical mass balance (CMB) approach was used to estimate contributions from several primary sources. An additional, organic tracer-based technique was employed to estimate secondary contributions, including secondary organic carbon derived from isoprene, alpha-pinene, beta-caryophyllene, and toluene. The sum of these contributions was compared with the total organic carbon measured at each sampling site, and reasonable carbon mass balances were observed for four of the five sites. In Bondville, Northbrook, Cincinnati, and Detroit a strong correlation was observed between the sum of the estimated primary and secondary contributions and the measured organic carbon (R2 = 0.73). The estimated secondary organic carbon concentrations were observed to vary considerably with season, with the strongest contributions coming from isoprene and alpha-pinene during the summer. While further research is required, there is some evidence that the contribution estimates for alpha-pinene, beta-caryophyllene, and toluene SOC may to some degree represent the contributions from the broader classes of monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, and aromatics. PMID:18522110

Lewandowski, Michael; Jaoui, Mohammed; Offenberg, John H; Kleindienst, Tadeusz E; Edney, Edward O; Sheesley, Rebecca J; Schauer, James J

2008-05-01

46

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

22. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 2. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 2. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1942, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

47

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. BUILDING NO. 22L, SHEET NO. 3. United Engineering Company Ltd., Alameda Shipyard, Ship Repair Facilities. Plans, section, & detail. Alben Froberg, Architect, 3454 Harlan Street, Oakland, California. Sheet no. 3. Plan no. 10,525. Various scales. March 1, 1943, last revised 3/15/43. U.S. Navy, Bureau of Yards & Docks, Contract no. bs 76. Approved for construction October 9, 1943. blueprint - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

48

Building Schools for the Future in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

State-of-the-art school buildings can improve educational standards and have a positive effect on everyone who uses them. That is why England's Department for Education and Skills (DfES) launched an ambitious five year strategy to improve educational facilities for all children in the country and create high quality resources for the whole…

Patel, Mukund

2005-01-01

49

Venting krypton-85 from the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building  

Microsoft Academic Search

To permit the less restricted access to the reactor building necessary to maintain instrumentation and equipment, and to proceed towad the total decontamination of the facility, General Public Utilities, operators of the facility referred to hereafter as GPU, asked the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission, or NRC, for permission to remove the ⁸⁵Kr from the reactor building by venting it

1981-01-01

50

Life, Beginning and Growing. Study Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Hosking, Bunty

51

What Do You Know about Water? Study Guide. Unit D. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Dube, Peter

52

Forces. 'O' Level Study Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a five-part unit…

Udwin, Martin

53

Building Basics & Beyond As we prepare for our Whole School Unit on BUILDING, how can  

E-print Network

. · Discovery & Exploration ­ exploring concepts of gravity as they relate to balance and stability, counting, paper cups, paper towel tubes, Styrofoam containers, etc.) · Play building & balance games. Invented

54

Print Unit, Hastings Building University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RJ  

E-print Network

) and other graphics file formats � Professional DTP software (e.g. Quark XPress, InDesign) #12;Print Unit quality when you print it. For the purposes of printed publications, all your graphics should be a minimumPrint Unit, Hastings Building University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RJ T (01273) 678216 E

Sussex, University of

55

Comparison of building energy use data between the United States and China  

SciTech Connect

Buildings in the United States and China consumed 41percent and 28percent of the total primary energy in 2011, respectively. Good energy data are the cornerstone to understanding building energy performance and supporting research, design, operation, and policy making for low energy buildings. This paper presents initial outcomes from a joint research project under the U.S.-China Clean Energy Research Center for Building Energy Efficiency. The goal is to decode the driving forces behind the discrepancy of building energy use between the two countries; identify gaps and deficiencies of current building energy monitoring, data collection, and analysis; and create knowledge and tools to collect and analyze good building energy data to provide valuable and actionable information for key stakeholders. This paper first reviews and compares several popular existing building energy monitoring systems in both countries. Next a standard energy data model is presented. A detailed, measured building energy data comparison was conducted for a few office buildings in both countries. Finally issues of data collection, quality, sharing, and analysis methods are discussed. It was found that buildings in both countries performed very differently, had potential for deep energy retrofit, but that different efficiency measures should apply.

Xia , Jianjun; Hong , Tianzhen; Shen, Qi; Feng , Wei; Yang, Le; Im , Piljae; Lu, Alison; Bhandari , Mahabir

2013-10-30

56

PSTAR: Primary and secondary terms analysis and renormalization: A unified approach to building energy simulations and short-term monitoring  

SciTech Connect

This report presents a unified method of hourly simulation of a building and analysis of performance data. The method is called Primary and Secondary Terms Analysis and Renormalization (PSTAR). In the PSTAR method, renormalized parameters are introduced for the primary terms such that the renormalized energy balance equation is best satisfied in the least squares sense, hence, the name PSTAR. PSTAR allows extraction of building characteristics from short-term tests on a small number of data channels. These can be used for long-term performance prediction (''ratings''), diagnostics, and control of heating, ventilating, and air conditioning systems (HVAC), comparison of design versus actual performance, etc. By combining realistic building models, simple test procedures, and analysis involving linear equations, PSTAR provides a powerful tool for analyzing building energy as well as testing and monitoring. It forms the basis for the Short-Term Energy Monitoring (STEM) project at SERI.

Subbarao, K.

1988-09-01

57

The Resolution of Important Pharmaceutical Building Blocks by Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation of Secondary Alcohols  

E-print Network

The Resolution of Important Pharmaceutical Building Blocks by Palladium-Catalyzed Aerobic Oxidation and Mabel Beckman Laboratories of Chemical Synthesis, Division of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. Abstract: The palladium-catalyzed aerobic oxidative kinetic resolution of key pharmaceutical building

Stoltz, Brian M.

58

Evaluation of three common green building materials for ozone removal, and primary and secondary emissions of aldehydes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ozone reactions that occur on material surfaces can lead to elevated concentrations of oxidized products in the occupied space of buildings. However, there is little information on the impact of materials at full scale, especially for green building materials. Experiments were completed in a 68 m3 climate-controlled test chamber with three certified green building materials that can cover large areas in buildings: (1) recycled carpet, (2) perlite-based ceiling tile and (3) low-VOC paint and primer on recycled drywall. Ozone deposition velocity and primary and secondary emission rates of C1 to C10 saturated carbonyls were determined for two chamber mixing conditions and three values of relative humidity. A direct comparison was made between ozone deposition velocities and carbonyl yields observed for the same materials analyzed in small (10 L) chambers. Total primary carbonyl emission rates from carpet, ceiling tile and painted drywall ranged from 27 to 120 ?g m-2 h-1, 13 to 40 ?g m-2 h-1, 3.9 to 42 ?g m-2 h-1, respectively. Ozone deposition velocity to these three materials averaged 6.1 m h-1, 2.3 m h-1 and 0.32 m h-1, respectively. Total secondary carbonyl emissions from these materials ranged from 70 to 276 ?g m-2 h-1, 0 to 12 ?g m-2 h-1, and 0 to 30 ?g m-2 h-1, respectively. Carbonyl emissions were determined with a transient approximation, and were found to be in general agreement with those found in the literature. These results suggest that care should be taken when selecting green building materials due to potentially large differences in primary and secondary emissions.

Gall, Elliott; Darling, Erin; Siegel, Jeffrey A.; Morrison, Glenn C.; Corsi, Richard L.

2013-10-01

59

Unit-cell intergrowth of pyrochlore and hexagonal tungsten bronze structures in secondary tungsten minerals  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Structural relations between secondary tungsten minerals with general composition A x[(W,Fe)(O,OH) 3] ·yH 2O are described. Phyllotungstite ( A=predominantly Ca) is hexagonal, a=7.31(3) Å, c=19.55(1) Å, space group P6 3/ mmc. Pittongite, a new secondary tungsten mineral from a wolframite deposit near Pittong in Victoria, southeastern Australia ( A=predominantly Na) is hexagonal, a=7.286(1) Å, c=50.49(1) Å, space group P-6 m2. The structures of both minerals can be described as unit-cell scale intergrowths of (111) py pyrochlore slabs with pairs of hexagonal tungsten bronze (HTB) layers. In phyllotungstite, the (111) py blocks have the same thickness, 6 Å, whereas pittongite contains pyrochlore blocks of two different thicknesses, 6 and 12 Å. The structures can alternatively be described in terms of chemical twinning of the pyrochlore structure on (111) py oxygen planes. At the chemical twin planes, pairs of HTB layers are corner connected as in hexagonal WO 3.

Grey, Ian E.; Birch, William D.; Bougerol, Catherine; Mills, Stuart J.

2006-12-01

60

Evaluation of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building decontamination process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Decontamination activities from the cleanup of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor Building are generating a variety of waste streams. Solid wastes being disposed of in commercial shallow land burial include trash and rubbish, ion-exchange resins (Epicor-II) and strippable coatings. The radwaste streams arising from cleanup activities currently under way are characterized and classified under the waste classification scheme

D. Dougherty; J. W. Adams

1983-01-01

61

Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI2): reactor building venting experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

A major step in the cleanup of the damaged Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) plant was conducted in June and July of 1980. This step was the venting of radioactive gases, mostly Krypton 85 (Kr-85) from the TMI-2 reactor building. After a wait of more than 7 months from the time of submitting the request to the Nuclear Regulatory

Morrell

1982-01-01

62

Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States  

E-print Network

and cooling. To quantify the impact, this study used the HadCM3 Global Circulation Model (GCM) to generate1 Impact of Climate Change Heating and Cooling Energy Use in Buildings in the United States Haojie * Tel. (765)496-7562, Fax (765)494-0539, Email: yanchen@purdue.edu Abstract Global warming has drawn

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

63

Trek 21: Building Teachers' Capacity To Develop IT-Integrated Units with Student Engagement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Trek 21: Educating Teachers as Agents of Technological Change," is a 3-year PT3 implementation grant from the United States Department of Education designed to build the capacity in teacher educators (teacher education faculty, professional development school faculty, pre-service interns) to integrate technology into their teaching. The goal of…

White, Karissa; Kolar, Barry; Mitchem, Tim; Wells, John

64

ETR ELECTRICAL BUILDING, TRA648. EMERGENCY STANDBY GENERATOR AND DIESEL UNIT. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

ETR ELECTRICAL BUILDING, TRA-648. EMERGENCY STANDBY GENERATOR AND DIESEL UNIT. METAL ROOF AND PUMICE BLOCK WALLS. CAMERA FACING SOUTHWEST. INL NEGATIVE NO. 56-3708. R.G. Larsen, Photographer, 11/13/1956 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID

65

Competitive foods and beverages available for purchase in secondary schools--selected sites, United States, 2004.  

PubMed

The percentage of overweight youths aged 12-19 years in the United States more than tripled from 5% during 1976-1980 to 16% during 1999-2002. Overweight youths are at increased risk for cardiovascular consequences and other serious physical and psychosocial health problems. Because most youths are enrolled in school, the school nutrition environment is integral to any strategy to improve dietary behavior and reduce overweight among youths. In most schools, the nutrition environment has two components: the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) school meals program and the sale of competitive foods. USDA defines competitive foods as those foods and beverages, regardless of nutritional value, sold at a school separate from the USDA school meals program. To identify the types of competitive foods and beverages available for purchase from school vending machines or at school stores, canteens, or snack bars, CDC analyzed data from the 2004 School Health Profiles for public secondary schools in 27 states and 11 large urban school districts. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicated that, in 2004, the majority of secondary schools (median across states: 89.5%; median across large urban school districts: 81.5%) allowed students to purchase snack foods or beverages from vending machines or at the school store, canteen, or snack bar. In addition, the percentage of schools offering certain types of snack foods and beverages varied across states and large urban school districts. Although the majority of schools offered some nutritious foods and beverages in these settings, the majority of schools also offered less nutritious choices. Educators, families, and school and public health officials should work together to provide school nutrition environments that will help improve dietary behavior and reduce overweight among youths. PMID:16177681

2005-09-23

66

Serving Students, Science, or Society? The Secondary School Physics Curriculum in the United States, 1930-65.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the reform of secondary school physics in the United States from the 1930s through the mid-1960s. Describes the impact of progressive education, World War II, and the post-Sputnik reforms. Points out differences between past reform efforts and the current Project 2061 of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). (CFR)

Donahue, David M.

1993-01-01

67

Strategies for Implementing Postmodern Thinking for Improving Secondary Education in Public Education in the United States of America: National Impact  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to discuss strategies for the secondary, public school educators to implement postmodern thinking in the United States of America. Postmodernism is a set of strategic practices that erase limits or norms to abide by placed upon people in society. The time is now for educators to be recognizant of these changes.…

Jacobs, Karen Dupre; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

68

2005 Mississippi Curriculum Framework: Secondary Building Trades. (Program CIP: 46.0000 - Construction Trades, General)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary vocational-technical education programs in Mississippi are faced with many challenges resulting from sweeping educational reforms at the national and state levels. Schools and teachers are increasingly being held accountable for providing true learning activities to every student in the classroom. This accountability is measured through…

Jernigan, Jarvis; Manning, Phillip; Matkins, Billy

2005-01-01

69

Investigation of hydrogen-burn damage in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building  

SciTech Connect

About 10 hours after the March 28, 1979 Loss-of-Coolant Accident began at Three Mile Island Unit 2, a hydrogen deflagration of undetermined extent occurred inside the reactor building. Examinations of photographic evidence, available from the first fifteen entries into the reactor building, yielded preliminary data on the possible extent and range of hydrogen burn damage. These data, although sparse, contributed to development of a possible damage path and to an estimate of the extent of damage to susceptible reactor building items. Further information gathered from analysis of additional photographs and samples can provide the means for estimating hydrogen source and production rate data crucial to developing a complete understanding of the TMI-2 hydrogen deflagration. 34 figures.

Alvares, N.J.; Beason, D.G.; Eidem, G.R.

1982-06-01

70

How to Build the Master Schedule in 10 Easy Steps: A Guide for Secondary School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is an incredibly valuable resource to anyone involved in building a master schedule. The author provides a comprehensive description of the processes involved and makes the reader aware of what needs to be considered and done throughout the process. One of the most time-consuming tasks for school leaders is creating a master schedule…

Kussin, Steven S.

2007-01-01

71

Building Reciprocal Partnerships for Service-Learning: The Experiences of Hong Kong Secondary School Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the maturation of the service-learning field in recent years, school–community partnerships have emerged as an important area for studying the effectiveness of this type of experiential education. However, the paucity of studies of school–community partnerships indicates that they are only beginning to be understood and thus require further investigation. Drawing upon 5 focus group interviews with 22 secondary school

Steven Sek-Yum Ngai; Chau-Kiu Cheung; Ngan-Pun Ngai; Kwok-Bong Chan

2010-01-01

72

Addendum to the Corrective Action Decision Document\\/Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 & Building 03-58 Underground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 & Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada, Revision 0  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document constitutes an addendum to the March 2000, Corrective Action Decision Document \\/ Closure Report for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 & 03-58 Underground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 & Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points (TTR) as described in the document Recommendations and Justifications for Modifications for Use

Lynn Kidman

2008-01-01

73

Competitive Foods and Beverages Available for Purchase in Secondary Schools--Selected Sites, United States, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School Health Profiles is conducted biennially to assess characteristics of school health programs. State and local departments of education and health select either all public secondary schools within their jurisdictions or a systematic, equal-probability sample of public secondary schools to participate in School Health Profiles. At each school,…

Kann, L.; Grunbaum, J.; McKenna, M. L.; Wechsler, H.; Galuska, D. A.

2005-01-01

74

Study of cracking FCC naphtha in a secondary riser of the FCC unit for maximum propylene production  

Microsoft Academic Search

To satisfy the increasing propylene demand, reprocessing FCC naphtha in a secondary riser of the FCC unit was investigated. To this aim, a full range FCC naphtha was cracked over a mixture of two kinds of commercial equilibrium FCC catalysts, which contained 95 t.% Y zeolite-based catalyst and 5 wt.% ZSM-5 zeolite-based additive. The effects of operating parameters such as reaction temperature

Gang Wang; Chunming Xu; Jinsen Gao

2008-01-01

75

Enabling Efficient, Responsive, and Resilient Buildings: Collaboration Between the United States and India  

SciTech Connect

The United States and India have among the largest economies in the world, and they continue to work together to address current and future challenges in reliable electricity supply. The acceleration to efficient, grid-responsive, resilient buildings represents a key energy security objective for federal and state agencies in both countries. The weaknesses in the Indian grid system were manifest in 2012, in the country’s worst blackout, which jeopardized the lives of half of India’s 1.2 billion people. While both countries are investing significantly in power sector reform, India, by virtue of its colossal growth rate in commercial energy intensity and commercial floor space, is better placed than the United States to integrate and test state-of-art Smart Grid technologies in its future grid-responsive commercial buildings. This paper presents a roadmap of technical collaboration between the research organizations, and public-private stakeholders in both countries to accelerate the building-to-grid integration through pilot studies in India.

Basu, Chandrayee; Ghatikar, Girish

2013-09-25

76

Prevalence of nutritional wasting in populations: building explanatory models using secondary data.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: To understand how social context affects the nutritional status of populations, as reflected by the prevalence of wasting in children under 5 years of age from Africa, Latin America, and Asia; to present a systematic way of building models for wasting prevalence, using a conceptual framework for the determinants of malnutrition; and to examine the feasibility of using readily available data collected over time to build models of wasting prevalence in populations. METHODS: Associations between prevalence of wasting and environmental variables were examined in the three regions. General linear mixed models were fitted using anthropometric survey data for countries within each region. FINDINGS: Low birth weight (LBW), measles incidence, and access to a safe water supply explained 64% of wasting variability in Asia. In Latin America, LBW and survey year explained 38%; in Africa, LBW, survey year, and adult literacy explained 7%. CONCLUSION: LBW emerged as a predictor of wasting prevalence in all three regions. Actions regarding women's rights may have an effect on the nutritional status of children since LBW seems to reflect several aspects of the conditions of women in society. Databases have to be made compatible with each other to facilitate integrated analysis for nutritional research and policy decision-making. In addition, the validity of the variables representing the conceptual framework should be improved. PMID:12075364

Fernandez, Isabel D.; Himes, John H.; de Onis, Mercedes

2002-01-01

77

Expanded organic building units for the construction of highly porous metal-organic frameworks.  

PubMed

Two new organic building units that contain dicarboxylate sites for their self-assembly with paddlewheel [Cu2(CO2)4] units have been successfully developed to construct two isoreticular porous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), ZJU-35 and ZJU-36, which have the same tbo topologies (Reticular Chemistry Structure Resource (RCSR) symbol) as HKUST-1. Because the organic linkers in ZJU-35 and ZJU-36 are systematically enlarged, the pores in these two new porous MOFs vary from 10.8?Å in HKUST-1 to 14.4?Å in ZJU-35 and 16.5?Å in ZJU-36, thus leading to their higher porosities with Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface areas of 2899 and 4014?m(2) g(-1) for ZJU-35 and ZJU-36, respectively. High-pressure gas-sorption isotherms indicate that both ZJU-35 and ZJU-36 can take up large amounts of CH4 and CO2, and are among the few porous MOFs with the highest volumetric storage of CH4 under 60?bar and CO2 under 30?bar at room temperature. Their potential for high-pressure swing adsorption (PSA) hydrogen purification was also preliminarily examined and compared with several reported MOFs, thus indicating the potential of ZJU-35 and ZJU-36 for this important application. Studies show that most of the highly porous MOFs that can volumetrically take up the greatest amount of CH4 under 60?bar and CO2 under 30?bar at room temperature are those self-assembled from organic tetra- and hexacarboxylates that contain m-benzenedicarboxylate units with the [Cu2(CO2)4] units, because this series of MOFs can have balanced porosities, suitable pores, and framework densities to optimize their volumetric gas storage. The realization of the two new organic building units for their construction of highly porous MOFs through their self-assembly with [Cu2(CO2)4] units has provided great promise for the exploration of a large number of new tetra- and hexacarboxylate organic linkers based on these new organic building units in which different aromatic backbones can be readily incorporated into the frameworks to tune their porosities, pore structures, and framework densities, thus targeting some even better performing MOFs for very high gas storage and efficient gas separation under high pressure and at room temperature in the near future. PMID:24115143

Kong, Guo-Qiang; Han, Zhi-Da; He, Yabing; Ou, Sha; Zhou, Wei; Yildirim, Taner; Krishna, Rajamani; Zou, Chao; Chen, Banglin; Wu, Chuan-De

2013-10-25

78

Public Elementary-Secondary School Systems: Financial Statistics: Individual Unit Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Census Bureau has released public education finance tables from the 1994 Annual Survey of Local Government Finances. The tables provide revenue, expenditures and debt data for public elementary-secondary school systems.

79

Emergence of Secondary Airports and Dynamics of Regional Airport Systems in the United States  

E-print Network

With the growing demand for air transportation and limited capacity at major airports, there is a need to increase the capacity of airport systems at the metropolitan area level. The increased use of secondary airports has ...

Bonnefoy, Philippe A

2006-11-21

80

Emergence of secondary airports and dynamics of regional airport systems in the United States  

E-print Network

With the growing demand for air transportation and limited capacity at major airports, there is a need to increase the capacity of airport systems at the metropolitan area level. The increased use of secondary airports has ...

Bonnefoy, Philippe A

2005-01-01

81

Urban Ecology for Secondary Schools, Unit I - Technology and Environmental Pollution, Parts 1 and 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Materials for a course on Urban Ecology are developed in these two documents which represent the first unit - Technology and Environmental Pollution. The entire course consists of seven units dealing with the many aspects of our way of life that produce an effect on, and in turn affected by, the quality of our physical environment. Unit I treats…

New York City Board of Education, Brooklyn, NY. Bureau of Curriculum Development.

82

Building an organized knowledge base: Concept mapping and achievement in secondary school physics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Direct teaching of problem-solving methods to high school physics students met with little success. Expert problem solving depended upon an organized knowledge base. Concept mapping was found to be a key to organizing an effective knowledge base. The investigation of the effect of the degree of concept mapping on achievement was the purpose of this study. Six intact high school physics classes, taught by this investigator, took part in the study. Two classes were control groups and received standard instruction. Four classes received six weeks of concept-mapping instruction prior to the unit under study. Two of these four classes were the low-level treatment group and were required to submit concept maps at the conclusion of the instruction. The other two classes were the high-level treatment group and were required to submit concept maps at the beginning and at the conclusion of the unit under study. One class from each treatment group took a pretest prior to instruction. An analysis of the posttest results revealed no pretest sensitization. A one-way analysis of covariance indicated a significant main effect for the treatment level at the p < 0.05 level. A pair of single-df comparisons of the adjusted treatment means resulted in significant differences (p < 0.05) between the control group and the average of the treatment means as well as between the two experimental groups. It can be concluded that for this sample (upper-middle-class high school physics students) mapping concepts prior to, during, and subsequent to instruction led to greater achievement as measured by posttest scores.

Pankratius, William J.

83

Public Education in the United States. A Modularized Course. Elementary Education 3010. Secondary Education 3040.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This modularized, self-paced study program in Elementary and Secondary Education for K-12 majors is an evolving course of study designed for responsible students. The course is organized into six modules: Trends and Issues in Contemporary Education, Philosophical and Historical Foundations of Education, Administrative Structure and Financing of…

Lawrence, Joyce V.; Mamola, Claire Z.

84

Evaluation of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building decontamination process  

SciTech Connect

Decontamination activities from the cleanup of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor Building are generating a variety of waste streams. Solid wastes being disposed of in commercial shallow land burial include trash and rubbish, ion-exchange resins (Epicor-II) and strippable coatings. The radwaste streams arising from cleanup activities currently under way are characterized and classified under the waste classification scheme of 10 CFR Part 61. It appears that much of the Epicor-II ion-exchange resin being disposed of in commerical land burial will be Class B and require stabilization if current radionuclide loading practices continue to be followed. Some of the trash and rubbish from the cleanup of the reactor building so far would be Class B. Strippable coatings being used at TMI-2 were tested for leachability of radionuclides and chelating agents, thermal stability, radiation stability, stability under immersion and biodegradability. Actual coating samples from reactor building decontamination testing were evaluated for radionuclide leaching and biodegradation.

Dougherty, D.; Adams, J. W.

1983-08-01

85

Constitution for the United States of America. A Secondary Level Student Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book was designed to provide a basis for understanding constitutional government and for participating in U.S. society. Each lesson within the book's six units contains a statement of purpose and a list of review questions: most also contain problem solving exercises. Unit One introduces students to the study of political philosophy. The…

Center for Civic Education, Calabasas, CA.

86

Competitive foods and beverages available for purchase in secondary schools--selected sites, United States, 2004.  

PubMed

School Health Profiles is conducted biennially to assess characteristics of school health programs. State and local departments of education and health select either all public secondary schools within their jurisdictions or a systematic, equal-probability sample of public secondary schools to participate in School Health Profiles. At each school, the principal and lead health education teacher were sent questionnaires to be self-administered and returned to the state or local agency conducting the survey. In 2004, a total of 27 states and 11 large urban school districts obtained weighted data from their survey of principals. The findings in this report indicate that the majority of secondary schools in 27 states and 11 large urban school districts allow students to purchase snack foods or beverages from vending machines or at the school store, canteen, or snack bar. The types of competitive foods and beverages available for purchase varied across states and large urban school districts. Overall, fruits or vegetables were less likely to be available for purchase than the other types of foods or beverages. Bottled water and soft drinks, sports drinks, or fruit drinks that are not 100% juice were most likely to be available for purchase. PMID:16313507

Kann, L; Grunbaum, J; McKenna, M L; Wechsler, H; Galuska, D A

2005-12-01

87

Competitive foods and beverages available for purchase in secondary schools--selected sites, United States, 2006.  

PubMed

Schools are in a unique position to help improve youth dietary behaviors and prevent and reduce obesity. In most schools, foods and beverages are made available to students through the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) school meal programs and the sale of competitive foods, which are any foods and beverages sold at a school separately from the USDA school meal programs. Foods and beverages sold through the USDA school meal programs must meet federal nutrition requirements. Competitive foods are not subject to any federal nutrition standards unless they are sold inside the food service area during mealtimes. A 2007 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report concluded that schools should limit the availability of less nutritious competitive foods or include more nutritious foods and beverages if they make competitive foods available. To identify the types of competitive foods and beverages available for purchase from vending machines or at school stores, canteens, or snack bars, CDC analyzed data from the 2006 School Health Profiles for public secondary schools in 36 states and 12 large urban school districts. CDC also compared 2004 and 2006 data among 24 states and nine large urban school districts. This report summarizes the results of these analyses, which indicated that, from 2004 to 2006, the median percentage of secondary schools across states allowing students to purchase chocolate candy and salty snacks that are not low in fat decreased; however, in 2006, secondary schools still offered less nutritious foods and beverages that compete with school meals. School and public health officials should work together with families to provide foods and beverages at school that follow the IOM recommendations. PMID:18756192

2008-08-29

88

Development of 20 IEER Rooftop Units System Modeling and Building Energy Simulations  

SciTech Connect

Based on detailed steady-state system and component modeling, we developed a rooftop unit system design, which is able to achieve IEER (Integrated Energy Efficiency Ratio) higher than 20. We modeled fin-&-tube and micro-channel heat exchangers using segment-to-segment approach, and use AHRI 10-coefficient compressor map to simulate compressor performance. The system modeling is based on a component-based modeling approach, which facilitates flexible simulation of complicated system configurations. Starting with a baseline system having IEER of 16.6, we extensively investigated numerous technical options, i.e. varying compressor sizes, heat exchanger fin densities, fin-&-tube or micro-channel heat exchanger, suction line heat exchanger, desiccant wheel, tandem compressor, variable-speed compressor, and condenser evaporative pre-cooling; and developed an innovative system configuration combining a tandem compression system with a variable-speed compression system. The combined system can achieve high IEER as well as process the outdoor ventilation air over an extensive range. We successfully evaluated the design concept for a 20-ton (70.4 kW) unit as well as a 10-ton (35.2 kW) unit. All the selected components are readily accessible on the market, and we validated the performance predictions against existing Rooftop Unit (RTU) products at the rating condition. This paper illustrates a potentially cost-effective high IEER RTU design. In addtion, we conducted extensive building energy simulations using EnergyPlus to predict seasonal energy saving potentials and peak power reductions using the High IEER RTU in sixteen US cities, in comparison to a RTU with a minimum efficiency.

Shen, Bo [ORNL] [ORNL; Rice, C Keith [ORNL] [ORNL; Vineyard, Edward [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)] [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL)

2013-01-01

89

Building the capacity for public engagement with science in the United States.  

PubMed

This paper reviews efforts of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University (CNS-ASU) to begin to build capacity for public engagement with science in the United States. First, the paper sets a context in the US of the current challenges to democracy and for science. It then reviews the literature on the accomplishments of the National Citizens' Technology Forum (NCTF) on nanotechnology and human enhancement, held in 2008, as well as some caveats that emerged from that enterprise. It concludes with a brief discussion of two kinds of activities - participation in the World Wide Views process organized by the Danish Board of Technology, and methodological innovations that include more concrete and experiential modes of engagement - that have spun off from the NCTF. PMID:24434713

Guston, David H

2014-01-01

90

Novel building units with bimetallic rings in inorganic/organic hybrid chains and layers  

SciTech Connect

Hydrothermal synthesis has produced three new compounds constructed from novel building units containing vanadium-oxide (or oxyfluoride) subunits linked together via covalently bound cationic copper complexes. Each new compound exhibits novel structural features: [Cu(dipa)][VOF{sub 4}] (1) incorporates a corner-sharing octahedral vanadium(IV) oxyfluoride chain decorated by copper-(2,2'-dipyridyl amine) complexes which form intra-chain bridges. Within a similar reactant system [Cu(dipa)]{sub 2}[V{sub 6}O{sub 17}] (2) is produced, the structure of which exhibits edge-sharing trigonal bipyramidal vanadium(V) 'ladder-like' double chains which are bridged into layers by tetrahedral pyrovanadate dimers together with the copper-(2,2'-dipyridyl amine) complexes. [Cu(py){sub 4}]{sub 2}[V{sub 4}O{sub 12}] (3), is a 2-D structure featuring exclusively tetrahedral vanadium(V) in four-membered ring building blocks, linked through octahedral copper-pyridine complexes to form two crystallographically different bimetallic layers. - Graphical abstract: Hydrothermal synthesis is used to prepare hybrid mixed metal oxides and oxyfluorides with novel extended connectivities

Mahenthirarajah, Thushitha; Li Yang [EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST (United Kingdom); Lightfoot, Philip, E-mail: pl@st-and.ac.u [EaStCHEM, School of Chemistry, University of St. Andrews, St. Andrews, Fife KY16 9ST (United Kingdom)

2009-11-15

91

Advanced secondary recovery demonstration for the Sooner Unit. Annual report, October 1992--May 1993  

SciTech Connect

The objectives of this project are to demonstrate the effectiveness of a multi-diciplinary approach to targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management. The first phase involves geophysical, geological, and engineering data acquisition and analysis to identify optimum well sites and to develop a reservoir operations plan. This report summarizes activities concerned with phase I of the Sooner Unit Project.

Sippel, M.; Junkin, J.; Pritchett, R. [and others

1995-07-01

92

Biogenic secondary organic aerosol over the United States: Comparison of climatological simulations with observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

(1) Understanding the effects of global climate change on regional air quality is central in future air quality planning. We report here on the use of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) general circulation model (GCM) III to drive the GEOS-CHEM global atmospheric chemical transport model to simulate climatological present-day aerosol levels over the United States. Evaluation of model

Hong Liao; Daven K. Henze; John H. Seinfeld; Shiliang Wu; Loretta J. Mickley

2007-01-01

93

Biogenic secondary organic aerosol over the United States: Comparison of climatological simulations with observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the effects of global climate change on regional air quality is central in future air quality planning. We report here on the use of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) general circulation model (GCM) III to drive the GEOS-CHEM global atmospheric chemical transport model to simulate climatological present-day aerosol levels over the United States. Evaluation of model predictions

Hong Liao; Daven K. Henze; John H. Seinfeld; Shiliang Wu; Loretta J. Mickley

2007-01-01

94

24 CFR 983.261 - When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...false When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...261 When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...contract units in excess of the 25 percent cap pursuant to § 983.56(a)....

2012-04-01

95

24 CFR 983.261 - When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...false When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...261 When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...contract units in excess of the 25 percent cap pursuant to § 983.56(a)....

2010-04-01

96

24 CFR 983.261 - When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...false When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...261 When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...contract units in excess of the 25 percent cap pursuant to § 983.56(a)....

2013-04-01

97

24 CFR 983.261 - When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...false When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...261 When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...contract units in excess of the 25 percent cap pursuant to § 983.56(a)....

2011-04-01

98

24 CFR 983.261 - When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building.  

...false When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...261 When occupancy may exceed 25 percent cap on the number of PBV units in each building...contract units in excess of the 25 percent cap pursuant to § 983.56(a)....

2014-04-01

99

Advanced secondary recovery project for the Sooner D Sand Unit, Weld County, Colorado: Final report  

SciTech Connect

The objective of this project was to increase production at the Sooner D Sand Unit through geologically targeted infill drilling and improved reservoir management of waterflood operations. The Sooner D Sand Unit demonstration project should be an example for other operators to follow for reservoir characterization and exploitation methodologies to increase production by waterflood from the Cretaceous D Sandstone in the Denver-Julesburg (D-J) Basin. This project involved multi-disciplinary reservoir characterization using high-density 3D seismic, detailed stratigraphy and reservoir simulation studies. Infill drilling, water-injection conversion and re-completing some wells to add short-radius laterals were based on the results of the reservoir characterization studies. Production response were evaluated using reservoir simulation and production tests. Technology transfer utilized workshops, presentations and technical papers which emphasized the economic advantages of implementing the demonstrated technologies.

Sippel, M.A.; Cammon, T.J.

1986-06-01

100

Historic building documentation in the united states, 1933-2000: the historic american buildings survey, a case study  

E-print Network

fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY Approved as to style and content by: __________________________ David Woodcock (Chair of Committee) __________________________ Mardelle... Case Study. (May 2005) Tanya Wattenburg Komas, B.S., University of California, Davis; M.S., Columbia University Chair of Advisory Committee: Professor David Woodcock The objective of the study was to gain new insight into archival building...

Komas, Tanya Wattenburg

2005-08-29

101

J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, 1997 1501 Building units for N-backbone cyclic peptides. Part 4.1  

E-print Network

J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 1, 1997 1501 Building units for N-backbone cyclic peptides. Part 4 for the synthesis of backbone-cyclic peptides. They are orthogonally protected at the -amino position for their incorporation into peptides by solid phase peptide synthesis. Introduction Backbone-Cyclization is a method

Kasher, Roni

102

Polar alignment of ?-shaped basic building units within transition metal oxide fluoride materials.  

PubMed

A series of pseudosymmetrical structures of formula K10(M2OnF11-n)3X (M = V and Nb, n = 2, X = (F2Cl)1/3, Br, Br4/2,I4/2; M = Mo, n = 4, X = Cl, Br4/2, I4/2) illustrates generation of polar structures with the use of ?-shaped basic building units (BBUs). For a compound to belong to a polar space group, dipole moments of individual species must be partially aligned. Incorporation of d(0) early transition metal polyhedral BBUs into structures is a common method to create polar structures, owing to the second-order Jahn-Teller distortion these polyhedra contain. Less attention has been spent examining how to align the polar moments of BBUs. To address alignment, we present a study on previously reported bimetallic BBUs and synthesized compounds K10(M2OnF11-n)3X. These materials differ in their (non)centrosymmetry despite chemical and structural similarities. The vanadium compounds are centrosymmetric (space groups P3m1 or C2/m) while the niobium and molybdenum heterotypes are noncentrosymmetric (Pmn21). The difference in symmetry occurs owing to the presence of linear, bimetallic BBUs or ?-shaped bimetallic BBUs and related packing effects. These ?-shaped BBUs form as a consequence of the coordination environment around the bridging anion of the metal oxide fluoride BBUs. PMID:24328163

Holland, Michael; Donakowski, Martin D; Pozzi, Eric A; Rasmussen, Andrew M; Tran, Thanh Thao; Pease-Dodson, Shannon E; Halasyamani, P Shiv; Seideman, Tamar; Van Duyne, Richard P; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R

2014-01-01

103

Design and Build of Reactor Simulator for Fission Surface Power Technology Demonstrator Unit  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Nuclear Systems Team at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) focuses on technology development for state of the art capability in non-nuclear testing of nuclear system and Space Nuclear Power for fission reactor systems for lunar and Mars surface power generation as well as radioisotope power systems for both spacecraft and surface applications. Currently being designed and developed is a reactor simulator (RxSim) for incorporation into the Technology Demonstrator Unit (TDU) for the Fission Surface Power System (FSPS) Program, which is supported by multiple national laboratories and NASA centers. The ultimate purpose of the RxSim is to provide heated NaK to a pair of Stirling engines in the TDU. The RxSim includes many different systems, components, and instrumentation that have been developed at MSFC while working with pumped NaK systems and in partnership with the national laboratories and NASA centers. The main components of the RxSim are a core, a pump, a heat exchanger (to mimic the thermal load of the Stirling engines), and a flow meter for tests at MSFC. When tested at NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC) the heat exchanger will be replaced with a Stirling power conversion engine. Additional components include storage reservoirs, expansion volumes, overflow catch tanks, safety and support hardware, instrumentation (temperature, pressure, flow) for data collection, and power supplies. This paper will discuss the design and current build status of the RxSim for delivery to GRC in early 2012.

Godfroy, Thomas; Dickens, Ricky; Houts, Michael; Pearson, Boise; Webster, Kenny; Gibson, Marc; Qualls, Lou; Poston, Dave; Werner, Jim; Radel, Ross

2011-01-01

104

Unspeciated organic emissions from combustion sources and their influence on the secondary organic aerosol budget in the United States.  

PubMed

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formed from the atmospheric oxidation of nonmethane organic gases (NMOG) is a major contributor to atmospheric aerosol mass. Emissions and smog chamber experiments were performed to investigate SOA formation from gasoline vehicles, diesel vehicles, and biomass burning. About 10-20% of NMOG emissions from these major combustion sources are not routinely speciated and therefore are currently misclassified in emission inventories and chemical transport models. The smog chamber data demonstrate that this misclassification biases model predictions of SOA production low because the unspeciated NMOG produce more SOA per unit mass than the speciated NMOG. We present new source-specific SOA yield parameterizations for these unspeciated emissions. These parameterizations and associated source profiles are designed for implementation in chemical transport models. Box model calculations using these new parameterizations predict that NMOG emissions from the top six combustion sources form 0.7 Tg y(-1) of first-generation SOA in the United States, almost 90% of which is from biomass burning and gasoline vehicles. About 85% of this SOA comes from unspeciated NMOG, demonstrating that chemical transport models need improved treatment of combustion emissions to accurately predict ambient SOA concentrations. PMID:25002466

Jathar, Shantanu H; Gordon, Timothy D; Hennigan, Christopher J; Pye, Havala O T; Pouliot, George; Adams, Peter J; Donahue, Neil M; Robinson, Allen L

2014-07-22

105

Impact of 2003 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Earned Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of measuring the impact of government programs for improving the energy efficiency of the nation's building stock, this report uses the ImBuild II model to assess the future economic impacts of Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) FY 2003 portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. The

Michael J. Scott; Donna J. Hostick; Douglas B. Elliott; R. W. Schultz

2002-01-01

106

Clinical Practice Patterns of Lung Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy in the United States: A Secondary Analysis  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) is a technique used to deliver high, ablative doses of radiation in a limited number of fractions to ?1 extracranial target(s). While recent studies have shown that SBRT provides effective local tumor control in medically inoperable early stage lung cancer patients, its implementation in clinical practice is unknown. METHODS A random sample of 1600 American radiation oncologists was surveyed regarding lung SBRT usage, including year adopted, most common prescription, respiratory motion management, and target localization. A biological equivalent dose (BED) was calculated using the linear quadratic model with ?/?=10. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficients (rs) were calculated to identify factors associated with BED. RESULTS Of 1373 contactable physicians, 551 responses (40%) were received. Of 510 evaluable responses, 275 physicians (54%) reported using lung SBRT, over half of whom adopted it in 2008 or later. The most commonly reported prescriptions were 20 Gy × 3 (22%), 18 Gy × 3 (21%), and 12 Gy × 4 (17%). Three fraction regimens were most common (48%), with nearly all (89%) prescribing ?18 Gy/fraction. The median BED was 132 Gy, with 95% of reported prescriptions having BED ?100 Gy. Factors associated with increased BED included use of fiducial markers (rs=0.26, p<0.001), use of planar imaging (rs=0.18, p<0.01), and years experience with lung SBRT (rs=0.13, p=0.04). CONCLUSIONS Lung SBRT has rapidly become a widely adopted treatment approach in the United States with a range of varying implementations. Further research and additional prospective trials are necessary to optimize this novel approach. PMID:22495454

Pan, Hubert; Rose, Brent S.; Simpson, Daniel R.; Mell, Loren K.; Mundt, Arno J.; Lawson, Joshua D.

2012-01-01

107

Aerosol Precursor Emissions, Secondary Aerosol Production, and Climate-Forcing Gas Exchange in the Midwestern United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aerosol precursors in the Midwest are generated from a myriad of sources including biogenic emissions of terpenes from the Ozarks region, anthropogenic emissions of volatile and semivolatile aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons from the St. Louis airshed, and agricultural emissions of ammonia (NH3), amines, and nitrogen oxides (NOx) from animal husbandry and cropping systems of the Midwest Corn Belt. The deciduous and coniferous forests of the Ozarks region are significant sources of isoprene, monoterpenes, and sesquiterpenes that are sensitive to rising CO2 levels and temperature and generate light-scattering, secondary organic aerosol (SOA). Application of nitrogen fertilizers stimulates emissions of ammonia (NH3), nitric oxide (NO), and nitrous oxide (N2O) from agricultural soils and crops. Nitric acid, generated through photooxidation of NO emissions from fossil fuel combustion in urban air and from soil emissions in agroecosystems, reacts rapidly with NH3 to generate light-scattering, secondary inorganic aerosol (SIA). The atmospheric lifetime of N2O is about 120 years, making the substance a potent greenhouse gas with a global warming potential of 290 for a time horizon of 20 years relative to CO2. Emissions of CO2, N2O, and SIA precursors from the Midwest Corn Belt and surrounding areas are likely to increase in the near future as pastureland and prairie is converted to grow corn and other biofuel crops to meet the demand for renewable fuels. Several large river systems transport nutrients from fertilized fields of the Midwest agroecosystem to the Gulf of Mexico where plankton growth is accelerated. Microbial decomposition of plankton detritus consumes oxygen and creates a hypoxic zone, which might be a significant source of N2O.The presentation will discuss gaps in our knowledge of the production of climate-forcing species in the Midwestern United States.

Doskey, P. V.

2009-12-01

108

The role of polar, lamdba (?)-shaped building units in noncentrosymmetric inorganic structures.  

PubMed

A methodology for the design of polar, inorganic structures is demonstrated here with the packing of lambda (?)-shaped basic building units (BBUs). Noncentrosymmetric (NCS) solids with interesting physical properties can be created with BBUs that lack an inversion center and are likely to pack into a polar configuration; previous methods to construct these solids have used NCS octahedra as BBUs. Using this methodology to synthesize NCS solids, one must increase the coordination of the NCS octahedra with maintenance of the noncentrosymmetry of the bulk. The first step in this progression from an NCS octahedron to an inorganic NCS solid is the formation of a bimetallic BBU. This step is exemplified with the compound CuVOF(4)(H(2)O)(7): this compound, presented here, crystallizes in an NCS structure with ordered, isolated [Cu(H(2)O)(5)](2+) cations and [VOF(4)(H(2)O)](2-) anions into ?-shaped, bimetallic BBUs to form CuVOF(4)(H(2)O)(6)·H(2)O, owing to the Jahn-Teller distortion of Cu(2+). Conversely, the centrosymmetric heterotypes with the same formula MVOF(4)(H(2)O)(7) (M(II) = Co, Ni, and Zn) exhibit ordered, isolated [VOF(4)(H(2)O)](2-) and [M(H(2)O)(6)](2+) ionic species in a hydrogen bond network. CuVOF(4)(H(2)O)(7) exhibits a net polar moment while the heterotypes do not; this demonstrates that ?-shaped BBUs give a greater probability for and, in this case, lead to NCS structures. PMID:22335338

Donakowski, Martin D; Gautier, Romain; Yeon, Jeongho; Moore, Donald T; Nino, Juan C; Halasyamani, P Shiv; Poeppelmeier, Kenneth R

2012-05-01

109

Measuring Value Added in Higher Education: Do Any of the Recent Experiences in Secondary Education in the United Kingdom Suggest a Way Forward?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The United Kingdom (UK) has recently published secondary education value added measures. This paper examines whether the approach used could also offer a possible method for measuring value added in higher education (HE). Design/methodology/approach: Previous attempts to measure HE value added in the UK, such as comparative value added…

Rodgers, Timothy

2005-01-01

110

Putting "Energy" in Your Course: 1978. A Collection of Energy Teaching Units Designed by the Participants of the Energy Institute for Secondary Science and Social Science Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of energy teaching units is the contribution of participants in a U.S. Department of Energy sponsored institute for secondary science and social studies teachers. The objectives of the Institute were to: (1) provide an overview of past, present, and future energy problems, and (2) stimulate teachers to use this information in their…

Albert, Harold E., Ed.

111

Addressing Diversity in US Teacher Preparation Programs: A Survey of Elementary and Secondary Programs' Priorities and Challenges from across the United States of America  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data gathered from 142 public university elementary and secondary teacher preparation programs across the United States (representing the preparation of approximately 23,000-30,000 new teachers annually), indicated that race/ethnicity was the most emphasized diversity topic followed by special needs, language diversity, economic (social class),…

Jennings, Todd

2007-01-01

112

Studying the secondary coolant circuit rupture protection algorithm for the Novovoronezh NPP Unit 5 on a full-scale training simulator  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Performance of the secondary coolant circuit rupture algorithm in different operating modes of the Novovoronezh NPP Unit 5 is considered by carrying out studies on a full-scale training simulator. The revealed shortcomings of the algorithm causing excessive actuations of the protection are pointed out, and recommendations for removing them are outlined.

Kharchenko, K. S.; Vitkovskii, I. L.

2014-02-01

113

Mexican Influence on Contemporary Art and Architecture of the United States: A Model Lesson for Cross Cultural Understanding at the Secondary Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this model lesson, secondary students test the hypothesis that Mexican achievements have widely influenced art and architecture in the United States as a result of the cultural flow and exchange between the two nations. The lesson is designed to be presented in two to three class periods. To determine the validity of the hypothesis, students…

Finer, Neal

114

Characteristics of the 100 Largest Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts in the United States: 2008-09. Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2011-301  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the characteristics of the 100 largest public elementary and secondary school districts in the United States and its jurisdictions. These districts are defined as the 100 largest according to the size of their student population. The information in this report was provided by state education agency officials to the National…

Sable, Jennifer; Plotts, Chris; Mitchell, Lindsey

2010-01-01

115

Characteristics of the 100 Largest Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts in the United States: 2007-08. Statistical Analysis Report. NCES 2010-349  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the characteristics of the 100 largest public elementary and secondary school districts in the United States and its jurisdictions. These districts are defined as the 100 largest according to the size of their student population. The information in this report was provided by state education agency officials to the National…

Plotts, Chris; Sable, Jennifer

2010-01-01

116

Corrective Action Decision Document for Corrective Action Unit 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document (CADD) has been prepared for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 423, Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP) in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) of 1996 that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the U.S Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CADD provides or references the specific information necessary to recommend a preferred corrective action for the single Corrective Action Site (CAS), 03-02-002-0308, within CAU 423. Corrective Action Unit 423 is located at the Tonopah Test Range (TTR), Nevada. The TTR is approximately 255 kilometers (km) (140 miles[mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. The UDP is approximately 73 meters (m) (240 feet [ft]) northwest of the northwest corner of Building 03-60, the Auto Maintenance Shop. Corrective Action Unit 423 is comprised of the UDP and an associated discharge line extending from Building 03-60. The UDP received waste oil products from the Auto Maintenance Shop, a light-duty fleet maintenance shop in the Area 3 compound, from 1965 to 1989 or 1990 (DOE/NV, 1997).

DOE /NV

1999-06-19

117

A series of new phases containing three different asymmetric building units.  

PubMed

Systematic explorations of the new phases in the Pb(II)/Bi(III)-TM(d(0)/d(1))-Se(IV)-O systems by hydrothermal syntheses led to five new quaternary phases whose structures are composed of three different asymmetric building units, namely, Pb(2)V(V)(2)Se(2)O(11) (1), Pb(2)V(IV)(3)Se(5)O(18) (2), Pb(2)Nb(V)(2)Se(4)O(15) (3), Bi(2)V(V)(2)Se(4)O(16) (4), and Bi(2)Mo(VI)(2)Se(2)O(13) (5). The structure of 1 features a 3D network built by 1D anionic chains of [V(2)O(5)(SeO(3))(2)](4-) interconnected by Pb(2+) ions with six-membered-ring (MR) tunnels along the b axis. The structure of 2 features a 3D anionic framework composed of V(IV)O(6) octahedra corner-sharing with SeO(3) anions, with the Pb(2+) ions located at the resultant 8-MR tunnels. The oxidation state of the vanadium cation is 4+ due to the partial oxidation of V(2)O(3) by SeO(2) at high temperature. The structure of 3 features novel 1D double chains of [Nb(2)O(3)(SeO(3))(4)](4-) that are interconnected by Pb(2+) ions, forming a 3D network with 12-MR tunnels along the c axis. 4 features a 3D framework composed of 2D layers of [Bi(2)(SeO(3))(2)](2+) and 1D [(VO(2))(2)(SeO(3))(2)](2-) double chains. The structure of 5 features a 3D network composed of bismuth(III) selenite with large 10-MR tunnels along the a axis that are occupied by Mo(2)O(10) dimers. The results of optical diffuse-reflectance spectrum measurements and electronic structure calculations based on density functional theory methods indicate that all five compounds are wide-band-gap semiconductors. Luminescent property measurements for compounds 1-5 and magnetic measurements for compound 2 were also made. PMID:20527799

Li, Pei-Xin; Kong, Fang; Hu, Chun-Li; Zhao, Na; Mao, Jiang-Gao

2010-07-01

118

Building a Finnish Unit Selection TTS system Hanna Silen, Elina Helander,  

E-print Network

and prosodic coverage for a lan- guage. Speech is produced by cutting and concatenating units from the database of the synthesized speech follows the style of the database. There has been a vast amount of research on unit selec.silen|elina.helander|konsta.koppinen|moncef.gabbouj}@tut.fi Abstract Speech synthesis based on unit selection can produce far more natural speech than conventional

Gabbouj, Moncef

119

Impact of 2003 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

As part of measuring the impact of government programs for improving the energy efficiency of the nation's building stock, this report uses the ImBuild II model to assess the future economic impacts of Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) FY 2003 portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. The energy savings expected to be created by market penetration of the BTS programs have the potential of creating nearly 270,000 jobs and about $3.41 billion in wage income(1999$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2002-07-08

120

The Design of Industrial Arts Workshops for Secondary General Schools in the Asian Region. School Building Digest 13.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The curricula of industrial arts courses in the Asian Region are changing to a more general approach to arouse interest in, and simple understanding of, industry and industrial processes. Spaces for industrial arts should be less tightly tailored to the needs of specific subject fields than was the case in the past. In secondary general schools,…

Vickery, D. J.

121

Making Green Building Units By Using Some Wastes of Ceramic Industry  

E-print Network

were mixed with a chosen clayey raw material for making green building bricks. The mix contains 15% sludge and 85% clay shows a lower plasticity coefficient and an insensitive behaviour upon drying in addition to suitable physico-mechanical properties...

Abd El-Ghafour, N.G.

2010-01-01

122

Impact of building technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

As part of measuring the impact of government programs on improving the energy efficiency of the nation`s building stock, the Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the economic impacts of its portfolio of programs, specifically the potential impact on national employment and income. This assessment is being done for the first time in FY99 as a supplement to the Government Performance and Results Act (GPRA--formerly, Quality Metrics) estimates of primary energy savings and environmental and direct financial benefits of the BTS programs. The programmatic needs of BTS suggest that a simple, flexible, user-friendly method is needed to derive national employment and income impacts of individual BTS programs. Therefore, BTS funded Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to develop a special-purpose version of the Impact Analysis for Planning (IMPLAN) national input-output model (Minnesota IMPLAN Group, Inc. 1997) specifically to estimate the employment and income effects of building energy technologies. The special-purpose version of the IMPLAN model used in this study is called ImBuild. Extensive documentation and a user`s guide are provided in Scott et al. (1998). Compared with simple economic multiplier approaches, such as the published multipliers from the Department of Commerce Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS 2), ImBuild allows for more complete and automated analysis of the economic impacts of energy efficiency investments in buildings. ImBuild is also easier to use than existing macroeconomic simulation models. In this report, the authors use the ImBuild model to calculate the impact of all 32 BTS programs reported in the BTS GPRA Metrics Estimates, FY99 Budget Request, December 19, 1997.

Scott, M.J.; Hostick, D.J.; Elliott, D.B.; Schultz, R.W.

1998-04-01

123

Mn(II) coordination polymers based on bi-, tri-, and tetranuclear and polymeric chain building units: crystal structures and magnetic properties.  

PubMed

Five new Mn(II) coordination polymers, namely [Mn(2)(tbip)(2)(bix)] (1), [Mn(3)(tbip)(3)(bix)(2)] (2), [Mn(3)(tbip)(2)(Htbip)(2)(bib)(2)]·4H(2)O (3), [Mn(4)(tbip)(4)(bbp)(2)(H(2)O)(2)] (4), and [Mn(4)(tbip)(4)(bip)]·2H(2)O (5), were prepared by hydrothermal reactions of Mn(II) acetate with H(2)tbip (5-tert-butyl isophthalic acid) in the presence of different di-imidazolyl coligands (bix =1,4-bis(imidazol-1-ylmethyl)benzene, bib =1,4-bis(imidazol) butane, bbp =1,3-bis(benzimidazol)propane, bip =1,3-bis(imidazol)propane). All complexes were characterized by elemental analysis, IR spectra, thermogravimetric analysis, single-crystal X-ray crystallography, and powder X-ray diffraction. Single crystal X-ray studies show that these coordination polymers contain homometallic clusters varying from dimeric, trimeric, and tetrameric motifs to polymeric chains depending upon the coligands used. Complex 1 has a 3D 6-connected polycatenane network with dinuclear [Mn(2)O(2)] secondary building units. Complex 2 possesses a 3D 8-connected structure with trinuclear [Mn(3)(COO)(6)] units. Complex 3 shows a 3D pcu net based on trinuclear [Mn(3)(COO)(6)] clusters as nodes. Complex 4 features a 3D 8-connected structure constructed from the distorted square-grid tetranuclear [Mn(4)(?(2)-COO)(8)(?(2)-H(2)O)] units. Complex 5 shows a 3D (4,5,6)-connected net containing 1D ?-O/?-COO alternately bridged chains. Magnetic susceptibility measurements indicate that complexes 1 and 3-5 show weak antiferromagnetic interactions between the adjacent Mn(II) ions, whereas 2 is a three-spin center homometallic ferromagnetic system. PMID:22909349

Ma, Lu-Fang; Han, Min-Le; Qin, Jian-Hua; Wang, Li-Ya; Du, Miao

2012-09-01

124

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

125

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

126

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

127

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

128

Forces in Living Things. Study Guide. Unit H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty; Zesaguli, Josie

129

Forces. Teacher's Guide. Units H1 and H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dock, Alan; Hosking, Bunty

130

Understanding Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Chidume, Kwashira

131

Understanding Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

132

Observing Some Life Cycles. Teacher's Guide. Unit E3. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide contains instructional…

Chitepo, Thoko; And Others

133

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

134

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Study Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and environmental laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide consists of…

Zesaguli, Josie

135

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Teacher's Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Zesaguli, Josie

136

What Do You Know about Water? Teacher's Guide. Unit D. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dube, Peter

137

Forces in Action. Study Guide. Unit H1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Dube, Peter

138

Forces. 'O' Level Teacher's Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Udwin, Martin

139

Assessment of extent and degree of thermal damage to polymeric materials in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor building  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes assumptions and procedures used to perform thermal damage analysis caused by post loss-of-coolant-accident (LOCA) hydrogen deflagration at Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor. Examination of available photographic evidence yields data on the extent and range of thermal and burn damage. Thermal damage to susceptible material in accessible regions of the reactor building was distributed in non-uniform patterns. No clear explanation for non-uniformity was found in examined evidence, e.g., burned materials were adjacent to materials that appear similar but were not burned. Because these items were in proximity to vertical openings that extend the height of the reactor building, we assume the unburned materials preferentially absorbed water vapor during periods of high, local steam concentration. A control pendant from the polar crane located in the top of the reactor building sustained asymmetric burn damage of decreasing degree from top to bottom. Evidence suggests the polar-crane pendant side that experienced heaviest damage was exposed to intense radiant energy from a transient fire plume in the reactor containment volume. Simple hydrogen-fire-exposure tests and heat transfer calculations approximate the degree of damage found on inspected materials from the containment building and support for an estimated 8% pre-fire hydrogen.

Alvares, N.J.

1985-06-01

140

Building a Unit Assessment System: Creating Quality Evaluation of Candidate Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to meet the expectations of NCATE's Standard 2, a unit must create quality evaluations of candidate performance. In order to accomplish this goal, a unit must incorporate the principles of performance-based teacher education (PBTE) and the use of authentic assessments into its assessment system. The purpose of this paper will be to…

Sandoval, Pamela A.; Wigle, Stanley E.

2006-01-01

141

Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office

Olga V. Livingston; Michael J. Scott; Donna J. Hostick; Katherine A. Cort; Douglas B. Elliott

2008-01-01

142

Let's Talk about Friendship: An Anti-Bias Unit on Building Classroom Community  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many classrooms, children behave in rude and hateful ways. According to the American Association of University Women (AAUW), "Sexual harassment of girls by boys--from innuendo to actual assault--in the nation's schools is increasing" (AAUW, 2001). In this article, the author features the anti-bias curriculum approach to building friendships and…

Kieff, Judith

2005-01-01

143

"Boss of the United States" Kindergarteners' Concept of Voting: Five Scaffolded Lessons that Build Understanding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In any U.S. presidential election year, classroom teachers integrate lessons into their curriculum that help students understand their privileges, responsibilities, and rights as good citizens. Teaching about the electoral process and voting in primary classrooms is one way to build a foundation that promotes civic engagement. In this article, the…

Mulrey, Betty C.; Ackerman, Ann T.; Howson, Patricia H.

2012-01-01

144

Addressing diversity in US teacher preparation programs: A survey of elementary and secondary programs’ priorities and challenges from across the United States of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data gathered from 142 public university elementary and secondary teacher preparation programs across the United States (representing the preparation of approximately 23,000–30,000 new teachers annually), indicated that race\\/ethnicity was the most emphasized diversity topic followed by special needs, language diversity, economic (social class), gender, and sexual orientation. The majority of programs addressed diversity topics across program classes. States were similar

Todd Jennings

2007-01-01

145

Statistical Analysis and Interpretation of Building Characterization, Indoor Environmental Quality Monitoring and Energy Usage Data from Office Buildings and Classrooms in the United States  

SciTech Connect

Three independent tasks had been performed (Stetzenbach 2008, Stetzenbach 2008b, Stetzenbach 2009) to measure a variety of parameters in normative buildings across the United States. For each of these tasks 10 buildings were selected as normative indoor environments. Task 1 focused on office buildings, Task 13 focused on public schools, and Task 0606 focused on high performance buildings. To perform this task it was necessary to restructure the database for the Indoor Environmental Quality (IEQ) data and the Sound measurement as several issues were identified and resolved prior to and during the transfer of these data sets into SPSS. During overview discussions with the statistician utilized in this task it was determined that because the selection of indoor zones (1-6) was independently selected within each task; zones were not related by location across tasks. Therefore, no comparison would be valid across zones for the 30 buildings so the by location (zone) data were limited to three analysis sets of the buildings within each task. In addition, differences in collection procedures for lighting were used in Task 0606 as compared to Tasks 01 & 13 to improve sample collection. Therefore, these data sets could not be merged and compared so effects by-day data were run separately for Task 0606 and only Task 01 & 13 data were merged. Results of the statistical analysis of the IEQ parameters show statistically significant differences were found among days and zones for all tasks, although no differences were found by-day for Draft Rate data from Task 0606 (p>0.05). Thursday measurements of IEQ parameters were significantly different from Tuesday, and most Wednesday measures for all variables of Tasks 1 & 13. Data for all three days appeared to vary for Operative Temperature, whereas only Tuesday and Thursday differed for Draft Rate 1m. Although no Draft Rate measures within Task 0606 were found to significantly differ by-day, Temperature measurements for Tuesday and Thursday showed variation. Moreover, Wednesday measurements of Relative Humidity within Task 0606 varied significantly from either Tuesday or Thursday. The majority of differences in IEQ measurements by-zone were highly significant (p<0.001), with the exception of Relative Humidity in some buildings. When all task data were combined (30 buildings) neither the airborne culturable fungi nor the airborne non-culturable spore data differed in the concentrations found at any indoor location in terms of day of collection. However, the concentrations of surface-associated fungi varied among the day of collection. Specifically, there was a lower concentration of mold on Tuesday than on Wednesday, for all tasks combined. As expected, variation was found in the concentrations of both airborne culturable fungi and airborne non-culturable fungal spores between indoor zones (1-6) and the outdoor zone (zone 0). No variation was found among the indoor zones of office buildings for Task 1 in the concentrations of airborne culturable fungi. However, airborne non-culturable spores did vary among zones in one building in Task 1 and variation was noted between zones in surface-associated fungi. Due to the lack of multiple lighting measurements for Tasks 13 and 0606, by-day comparisons were only performed for Task 1. No statistical differences were observed in lighting with respect to the day of collection. There was a wide range of variability by-zone among seven of the office buildings. Although few differences were found for the brightest illumination of the worksurface (IllumWkSfcBrtst) and the darkest illumination of the worksurface (IllumWkSfcDrkst) in Task 1, there was considerable variation for these variables in Task 13 and Task 0606 (p < 0.001). Other variables that differed by-zone in Task 13 include CombCCT and AmbCCT1 for S03, S07, and S08. Additionally, AmbChromX1, CombChromY, and CombChromX varied by-zone for school buildings S02, S04, and S05, respectively. Although all tasks demonstrated significant differences in sound measurements by zone, some of the buil

Linda Stetzenbach; Lauren Nemnich; Davor Novosel

2009-08-31

146

Building equity : the evolution and efficacy of Montgomery County's moderately priced dwelling unit legislation  

E-print Network

This thesis describes the history of Montgomery County, Maryland's Moderately Priced Dwelling Unit (MPDU) law. Passed in 1973, it is the oldest inclusionary zoning legislation in the country. The law emerged out of three ...

Jakabovics, Andrew, 1976-

2004-01-01

147

Globalization and Community Organizing: Building Today’s Local-Global Movement in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Economic, political, and social crises are deeply affecting communities throughout the United States. In the United States\\u000a the long history of genocide of indigenous peoples, enslavement of African peoples, the economic exploitation of working people\\u000a including many immigrant communities, the inequality of women of these communities and classes, wars of conquest and expansion\\u000a of the continental U.S., and ecocide (the

Walda Katz-Fishman; Jerome Scott

148

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, state and community programs on United States employment and wage income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model allied In Build is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1995$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

MJ Scott; DJ Hostick; DB Elliott

2000-03-20

149

Impact of 2001 Building Technology, State and Community Programs on United States Employment and Wage Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of programs on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild is used in this study of all 38 BTS programs included in the FY2001 federal budget. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and wage income are reported by program for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings from these programs have the potential of creating a total of nearly 332,000 jobs and about $5.3 billion in wage income (1999$) by the year 2030. Because the required investments to achieve these savings are capital intensive, the net effect after investment is 304,000 jobs and $5.0 billion.

Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Elliott, Douglas B.

2000-03-20

150

Impact of the FY 2005 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of all 21 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2005 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget on February 2, 2004. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 396,000 jobs and about $5.6 billion in earned income (2003$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, Dave M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2004-08-31

151

Analysis of air-temperature measurements from the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building  

SciTech Connect

The performance of the ambient air resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) just after the hydrogen burn in the TMI-2 Reactor Building is examined. The performance of the sensors is compared with physical models of the sensor/ambient air system. With one exception, the RTD data appear to be valid for the period examined. Based on the data, the hydrogen burn ended considerably before the first data points were recorded.

Fryer, M.O.

1983-04-01

152

Building Program Acceptability: Perceptions of Gay and Bisexual Men on Peer or Prevention Case Manager Relationships in Secondary HIV Prevention Counseling.  

PubMed

There is growing interest in integrating HIV prevention counseling for HIV-infected gay and bisexual men into HIV primary care. HIV-infected peers and professionally trained prevention case managers (PCMs) have been used to provide prevention counseling services. The current qualitative study seeks to examine participant perceptions of the acceptability of HIV-infected peer counselors and of trained prevention case managers from the perspective of 41 HIV-infected gay and bisexual men. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with HIV-infected men who were currently receiving primary HIV health care. Positive peer counselor themes included shared experiences and para-professional. Positive themes specific to the PCM relationships included were provision of resources and professional skills and knowledge. Common themes identified across both peer and PCM counselor relationships were creating a comfortable environment, non-judgmental stance, and rapport building/communication skills. Recommendations for HIV secondary prevention interventions are presented. PMID:23710120

Driskell, Jeffrey R; O'Cleirigh, Conall; Covahey, Charles; Ripton, Jessica; Mayer, Kenneth; Perry, D'Hana; Salomon, Elizabeth; Safren, Steven

2010-07-01

153

Building a robust, scalable and standards-driven infrastructure for secondary use of EHR data: the SHARPn project.  

PubMed

The Strategic Health IT Advanced Research Projects (SHARP) Program, established by the Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology in 2010 supports research findings that remove barriers for increased adoption of health IT. The improvements envisioned by the SHARP Area 4 Consortium (SHARPn) will enable the use of the electronic health record (EHR) for secondary purposes, such as care process and outcomes improvement, biomedical research and epidemiologic monitoring of the nation's health. One of the primary informatics problem areas in this endeavor is the standardization of disparate health data from the nation's many health care organizations and providers. The SHARPn team is developing open source services and components to support the ubiquitous exchange, sharing and reuse or 'liquidity' of operational clinical data stored in electronic health records. One year into the design and development of the SHARPn framework, we demonstrated end to end data flow and a prototype SHARPn platform, using thousands of patient electronic records sourced from two large healthcare organizations: Mayo Clinic and Intermountain Healthcare. The platform was deployed to (1) receive source EHR data in several formats, (2) generate structured data from EHR narrative text, and (3) normalize the EHR data using common detailed clinical models and Consolidated Health Informatics standard terminologies, which were (4) accessed by a phenotyping service using normalized data specifications. The architecture of this prototype SHARPn platform is presented. The EHR data throughput demonstration showed success in normalizing native EHR data, both structured and narrative, from two independent organizations and EHR systems. Based on the demonstration, observed challenges for standardization of EHR data for interoperable secondary use are discussed. PMID:22326800

Rea, Susan; Pathak, Jyotishman; Savova, Guergana; Oniki, Thomas A; Westberg, Les; Beebe, Calvin E; Tao, Cui; Parker, Craig G; Haug, Peter J; Huff, Stanley M; Chute, Christopher G

2012-08-01

154

Building a two-dimensional network from mixed-valence copper units held together by acetone bridges.  

PubMed

The mixed-valence supramolecular product di-?2-acetone-di-?3-trifluoroacetato-deca-?2-trifluoroacetato-octacopper(I)dicopper(II), [Cu10(C2F3O2)12(C3H6O)2] or {[Cu(I)4(O2CCF3)4]2-{?2-OC(CH3)2}2-[Cu(II)2(O2CCF3)4]}, was prepared by co-deposition of two building units, namely a bis-acetone adduct of [Cu(II)2(O2CCF3)4] and a very electrophilic tetranuclear [Cu(I)4(O2CCF3)4] complex. The asymmetric unit contains one molecule of the compound with a total of ten independent Cu atoms. Acetone molecules serve as bridges between the [Cu(II)2(O2CCF3)4] and [Cu(I)4(O2CCF3)4] units. Additionally, the tetracopper(I) trifluoroacetate units are involved in intermolecular Cu···O interactions, forming a layered two-dimensional network in the extended structure. PMID:24311483

Hietsoi, Oleksandr; Filatov, Alexander S; Petrukhina, Marina A

2013-12-15

155

Evaluation of nuclear facility decommissioning projects. Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building decontamination. Summary status report. Volume 2  

SciTech Connect

This document summarizes information relating to decontamination of the Three Mile Island Unit 2 (TMI-2) reactor building. The report covers activities for the period of June 1, 1979 through March 29, 1985. The data collected from activity reports, reactor containment entry records, and other sources were entered into a computerized data system which permits extraction/manipulation of specific information which can be used in planning for recovery from an accident similar to that experienced at TMI-2 on March 28, 1979. This report contains summaries of man-hours, manpower, and radiation exposures incurred during decontamination of the reactor building. Support activities conducted outside of radiation areas are excluded from the scope of this report. Computerized reports included in this document are: a chronological summary listing work performed relating to reactor building decontamination for the period specified; and summary reports for each major task during the period. Each task summary is listed in chronological order for zone entry and subtotaled for the number of personnel entries, exposures, and man-hours. Manually-assembled table summaries are included for: labor and exposures by department and labor and exposures by major activity.

Doerge, D.H.; Miller, R.L.; Scotti, K.S.

1986-05-01

156

United We Learn: Team Effort Builds a Path to Equity and Alignment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a plan to create a united approach to improve high quality instruction in Robbinsdale Cooper High School in New Hope, Minnesota, a suburb of Minneapolis. Professional learning communities were in their infancy, conversations around data were about autopsies of annual standardized tests, and there was no description of what…

Kind, Jill

2014-01-01

157

An Introduction to Child Maltreatment: A Five-Unit Lesson Plan for Teachers of Psychology in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum was designed to provide teachers of psychology in secondary schools with information concerning teaching about child maltreatment. The materials contain information about child abuse and neglect that they can incorporate into their teaching. The curriculum contains a procedural outline that includes five lesson plans targeting the…

Miller-Perrin, Cindy L.

158

Impact of the FY 2009 Building Technologies Program on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of subprograms on national employment and income. A special purpose input-output model called ImSET is used in this study of 14 Building Technologies Program subprograms in the EERE final FY 2009 budget request to the Office of Management and Budget in February 2008. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by subprogram for selected years to the year 2025. Energy savings and investments from these subprograms have the potential of creating a total of 258,000 jobs and about $3.7 billion in earned income (2007$) by the year 2025.

Livingston, Olga V.; Scott, Michael J.; Hostick, Donna J.; Dirks, James A.; Cort, Katherine A.

2008-06-17

159

The Effects of an Intensive Unit of Instruction in Creative Writing on the Creative Compositions of Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test the teachability of creativity. An experimental design (including pretesting and posttesting, control and experimental groups, and a teaching unit) was used to test the general hypothesis that creativity can be enhanced by the treatment of a teaching unit using audio-visual materials. The subjects were 101…

Moslemi, Marlene Hache

160

Conducting water chemistry of the secondary coolant circuit of VVER-based nuclear power plant units constructed without using copper containing alloys  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The secondary coolant circuit water chemistry with metering amines began to be put in use in Russia in 2005, and all nuclear power plant units equipped with VVER-1000 reactors have been shifted to operate with this water chemistry for the past seven years. Owing to the use of water chemistry with metering amines, the amount of products from corrosion of structural materials entering into the volume of steam generators has been reduced, and the flow-accelerated corrosion rate of pipelines and equipment has been slowed down. The article presents data on conducting water chemistry in nuclear power plant units with VVER-1000 reactors for the secondary coolant system equipment made without using copper-containing alloys. Statistical data are presented on conducting ammonia-morpholine and ammonia-ethanolamine water chemistries in new-generation operating power units with VVER-1000 reactors with an increased level of pH. The values of cooling water leaks in turbine condensers the tube system of which is made of stainless steel or titanium alloy are given.

Tyapkov, V. F.

2014-07-01

161

Solar Water Heater Systems for Building Trades Class.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching unit serves as a guide for the installation of active solar water heating systems. It contains a project designed for use with secondary level students of a building trades class. Students typically would meet 2 to 3 hours per day and would be able to complete the activity within a 1-week time period. Objectives of this unit include:…

Ryan, Milton; And Others

162

IM-16: A new microporous germanosilicate with a novel framework topology containing d4 r and mtw composite building units  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The synthesis and the structure of IM-16 a new germanosilicate with a novel zeolitic topology prepared hydrothermally with the ionic liquid 3-ethyl-1-methyl-3 H-imidazol-1-ium as the organic structure-directing agent are reported. The structure of calcined and partially rehydrated IM-16 of chemical formula |(H 2O) 0.16|[Si 3.47Ge 2.53O 12] was solved from powder XRD data in space group Cmcm with a=15.0861(2) Å, b=17.7719(3) Å, c=19.9764(3) Å, V=5355.84(12) Å 3 ( Z=16). This new zeolite framework type contains 10-MRs channels and may be described from the d4 r and mtw composite building units.

Lorgouilloux, Yannick; Dodin, Mathias; Paillaud, Jean-Louis; Caullet, Philippe; Michelin, Laure; Josien, Ludovic; Ersen, Ovidiu; Bats, Nicolas

2009-03-01

163

Consumer Economics (Secondary): Teaching Strategies. Master Curriculum Guide in Economics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to build up concepts presented in the Master Curriculum Guide volume "A Framework for Teaching the Basic Concepts," this collection of teacher guidelines and classroom lessons focuses on how economic concepts and an economic way of thinking can be incorporated into various units in consumer education courses or in courses at the secondary…

Clow, John E., Ed.

164

Hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and fluorescence property of a novel layered fluorinated gallium phosphite with heptameric building unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new fluorinated gallium phosphite, Ga 3F 2(2,2'-bipy) 2(HPO 3) 2(H 1.5PO 3) 21, which is the first layered gallium phosphite with neutral framework, has been hydrothermally synthesized in the presence of 2,2'-bipyridine (2,2'-bipy) acting as a ligand. The as-synthesized product was characterized by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), ICP-AES and elemental analyses and fluorescent spectrum. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis reveals that compound 1 crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/ c (No. 15) with cell parameters a=17.633(3) Å, b=9.883(2) Å, c=16.793(3) Å, ?=109.88(3)°, V=2752.1(9) Å 3 and Z=4. The construction of two-dimensional (2D)-layered structure in compound 1 may be viewed as the assembly of heptameric building unit, which is the first to be found in gallium phosphate/phosphite. The heptameric building unit exists in two types of configuration, which alternately connect through oxygen atoms from HPO 3 pseudo-pyramids to form a layer with 10-membered ring windows viewed along the a-axis. The adjacent layers are stably packed together and exhibit interesting three-dimensional (3D) supramolecular array via ?- ? interactions of the 2,2'-bipy groups. Additionally, compound 1 shows strong fluorescent property in solid state at room temperature.

Huang, Liangliang; Song, Tianyou; Shi, Suhua; Tian, Zhenfen; Wang, Li; Zhang, Lirong

2008-06-01

165

Integration of Photovoltaics into Building Energy Usage through Advanced Control of Rooftop Unit  

SciTech Connect

This paper presents a computational approach to forecast photovoltaic (PV) power in kW based on a neural network linkage of publicly available cloud cover data and on-site solar irradiance sensor data. We also describe a control approach to utilize rooftop air conditioning units (RTUs) to support renewable integration. The PV forecasting method is validated using data from a rooftop PV panel installed on the Distributed Energy, Communications, and Controls (DECC) laboratory at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The validation occurs in multiple phases to ensure that each component of the approach is the best representation of the actual expected output. The control of the RTU is based on model predictive methods.

Starke, Michael R [ORNL] [ORNL; Nutaro, James J [ORNL] [ORNL; Irminger, Philip [ORNL] [ORNL; Ollis, Benjamin [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)] [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Kuruganti, Phani Teja [ORNL] [ORNL; Fugate, David L [ORNL] [ORNL

2014-01-01

166

Design Quality Indicator for Schools in the United Kingdom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In December 2005, the United Kingdom launched a process for evaluating the design quality of primary and secondary school buildings. The Design Quality Indicator (DQI) for Schools is a tool that can assist stakeholders--teachers, parents, school governors, students, community members, local authority clients and building professionals--to achieve…

PEB Exchange, 2006

2006-01-01

167

Guide for Consumer and Homemaking Education Programs in Virginia Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide contains sequential units of consumer and homemaking education instruction for grades 6-12. The units for each grade level build upon and expand concepts developed during the preceding level. Introductory material describes program goals, home economics offerings in Virginia secondary schools, and the development and use of the guide. A…

Virginia State Dept. of Education, Richmond. Home Economics Education Service.

168

Exploitation of secondary standard for calibration in units of Dw,1 cm and assessment of several HDR brachytherapy planning systems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A secondary standard of the BEV, calibrated at the PTB in terms of Dw,1 cm, was used for calibration of the well-type chamber-based measuring systems used in clinics. In addition to the calibration, we tried to employ it for assessment of treatment planning systems (TPS) used for each particular afterloader. The dose to water at 1 cm distance from the source position was calculated by the TPS, using reference data from the source producer certificate. The values were compared directly with the dose measured at the same distance from the source. The comparison has been carried out for GammaMed Plus and MicroSelectron HDR sources. Differences of secondary standard measurements and TPS calculations were lower than ±5%, which is below the achievable uncertainty of both dose measurement and dose determination by the TPS. Nevertheless, it is higher than generally accepted in the case of external beam radiotherapy. Additional direct measurements in terms of Dw,1 cm may improve the safety and reliability of patient treatment. Part of the EMRP JRP T02.J06 Project ‘Increasing Cancer Treatment Efficacy Using 3D Brachytherapy’.

Gabris, Frantisek; Zeman, Jozef; Valenta, Jiri; Selbach, Hans-Joachim

2012-10-01

169

"Possible Selves" of Young People in a Mainstream Secondary School and a Pupil Referral Unit: A Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research uses the psychological construct of "possible selves" to investigate the aspirations of 25 students in Year 11. "Possible selves" provide a conceptual link between self-concept and motivation. The study compared the positive, negative and impossible possible selves of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) attendees with participants from a…

Mainwaring, Deborah; Hallam, Susan

2010-01-01

170

Development of Knowledge Frameworks and Higher Order Cognitive Operations among Secondary School Students Who Studied a Unit on Ecology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interviews 9th and 10th grade students (n=13) who studied an ecology unit and analyzed tape-recorded data for changes in organization of knowledge, represented by ideational networks and the development of higher cognitive operations. Provides insights into how students developed knowledge schemata, ideational networks, and the capacity to express…

Bischoff, Paul J.; Anderson, O. Roger

2001-01-01

171

Analyzing In-State Post-Secondary Tuition Policies for Undocumented Illegal Aliens in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

For my research question I am focused on whether or not states should offer in-state tuition policies for undocumented illegal aliens who have graduated from the public K-12 school system in the United States. This question has been hotly debated over the past few years after the culmination of the Development, Relief and Education for Alien Minors Act (DREAM Act)

Jonathon Thompson

2011-01-01

172

SECONDARY WASTE MANAGEMENT STRATEGY FOR EARLY LOW ACTIVITY WASTE TREATMENT  

SciTech Connect

This study evaluates parameters relevant to River Protection Project secondary waste streams generated during Early Low Activity Waste operations and recommends a strategy for secondary waste management that considers groundwater impact, cost, and programmatic risk. The recommended strategy for managing River Protection Project secondary waste is focused on improvements in the Effiuent Treatment Facility. Baseline plans to build a Solidification Treatment Unit adjacent to Effluent Treatment Facility should be enhanced to improve solid waste performance and mitigate corrosion of tanks and piping supporting the Effiuent Treatment Facility evaporator. This approach provides a life-cycle benefit to solid waste performance and reduction of groundwater contaminants.

CRAWFORD TW

2008-07-17

173

Corrective action investigation plan for Corrective Action Unit Number 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at Corrective Action Unit (CAU) Number 423, the Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP), which is located in Area 3 at the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, part of the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 225 kilometers (140 miles) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada. CAU Number 423 is comprised of only one Corrective Action Site (CAS) which includes the Building 03-60 UDP and an associated discharge line extending from Building 03-60 to a point approximately 73 meters (240 feet) northwest. The UDP was used between approximately 1965 and 1990 to dispose of waste fluids from the Building 03-60 automotive maintenance shop. It is likely that soils surrounding the UDP have been impacted by oil, grease, cleaning supplies and solvents as well as waste motor oil and other automotive fluids released from the UDP.

NONE

1997-10-27

174

Long-Term Electronic Technology Trends: Forecasted Impacts on Education. Paper presented to Congress of the United States, House of Representatives, Committee on Education and Labor, Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education (April 25, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The technological-driven future will evolve through the next decades to massively impact elementary and secondary education, starting in the 1980 decade and building toward revolutionizing education in the 1990 decade. The evolving "silicon revolution" is producing a continuing list of new electronic technology poised at the threshold for massive…

Joseph, Earl C.

175

Absence of TLR4 Reduces Neurovascular Unit and Secondary Inflammatory Process after Traumatic Brain Injury in Mice  

PubMed Central

Background Traumatic brain injury (TBI) initiates a neuroinflammatory cascade that contributes to neuronal damage and behavioral impairment. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are signaling receptors in the innate immune system, although emerging evidence indicates their role in brain injury. We have therefore investigated the role played by TLR4 signaling pathway in the development of mechanisms of secondary inflammatory process in traumatic brain injury (TBI) differ in mice that lack a functional TLR4 signaling pathway. Methods/Principal Findings Controlled cortical impact injury was performed on TLR4 knockout (KO) mice (C57BL/10ScNJ) and wild-type (WT) mice (C57BL/10ScNJ). TBI outcome was evaluated by determination of infarct volume and assessment of neurological scores. Brains were collected at 24 h after TBI. When compared to WT mice, TLR4 KO mice had lower infarct volumes and better outcomes in neurological and behavioral tests (evaluated by EBST and rotarod test). Mice that lacked TLR4 had minor expression of TBI-induced GFAP, Chymase, Tryptase, IL-1?, iNOS, PARP and Nitrotyrosine mediators implicated in brain damage. The translocation of expression of p-JNK, I?B-? and NF-?B pathway were also lower in brains from TLR4 KO mice. When compared to WT mice, resulted in significant augmentation of all the above described parameters. In addition, apoptosis levels in TLR4 KO mice had minor expression of Bax while on the contrary with Bcl-2. Conclusions/Significance Our results clearly demonstrated that absence of TLR4 reduces the development of neuroinflammation, tissues injury events associated with brain trauma and may play a neuroprotective role in TBI in mice. PMID:23555560

Campolo, Michela; Genovese, Tiziana; Esposito, Emanuela; Cuzzocrea, Salvatore

2013-01-01

176

Administration of palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) protects the neurovascular unit and reduces secondary injury after traumatic brain injury in mice.  

PubMed

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of preventable death and morbidity in young adults. This complex condition is characterized by significant blood brain barrier leakage that stems from cerebral ischemia, inflammation, and redox imbalances in the traumatic penumbra of the injured brain. Recovery of function after TBI is partly through neuronal plasticity. In order to test whether treatments that enhance plasticity might improve functional recovery, a controlled cortical impact (CCI) in adult mice, as a model of TBI, in which a controlled cortical impactor produced full thickness lesions of the forelimb region of the sensorimotor cortex, was performed. Once trauma has occurred, combating these exacerbations is the keystone of an effective TBI therapy. The endogenous fatty acid palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is one of the members of N-acyl-ethanolamines family that maintain not only redox balance but also inhibit the mechanisms of secondary injury. Therefore, we tested whether PEA shows efficacy in a mice model of experimental TBI. PEA treatment is able to reduced edema and brain infractions as evidenced by decreased 2,3,5-triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining across brain sections. PEA-mediated improvements in tissues histology shown by reduction of lesion size and improvement in apoptosis level further support the efficacy of PEA therapy. The PEA treatment blocked infiltration of astrocytes and restored CCI-mediated reduced expression of PAR, nitrotyrosine, iNOS, chymase, tryptase, CD11b and GFAP. PEA inhibited the TBI-mediated decrease in the expression of pJNK and NF-?B. PEA-treated injured animals improved neurobehavioral functions as evaluated by behavioral tests. PMID:22884901

Ahmad, Akbar; Crupi, Rosalia; Impellizzeri, Daniela; Campolo, Michela; Marino, Angela; Esposito, Emanuela; Cuzzocrea, Salvatore

2012-11-01

177

Design, Analysis and Fabrication of Secondary Structural Components for the Habitat Demonstration Unit-Deep Space Habitat  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

In support of NASA s Habitat Demonstration Unit - Deep Space Habitat Prototype, a number of evolved structural sections were designed, fabricated, analyzed and installed in the 5 meter diameter prototype. The hardware consisted of three principal structural sections, and included the development of novel fastener insert concepts. The articles developed consisted of: 1) 1/8th of the primary flooring section, 2) an inner radius floor beam support which interfaced with, and supported (1), 3) two upper hatch section prototypes, and 4) novel insert designs for mechanical fastener attachments. Advanced manufacturing approaches were utilized in the fabrication of the components. The structural components were developed using current commercial aircraft constructions as a baseline (for both the flooring components and their associated mechanical fastener inserts). The structural sections utilized honeycomb sandwich panels. The core section consisted of 1/8th inch cell size Nomex, at 9 lbs/cu ft, and which was 0.66 inches thick. The facesheets had 3 plys each, with a thickness of 0.010 inches per ply, made from woven E-glass with epoxy reinforcement. Analysis activities consisted of both analytical models, as well as initial closed form calculations. Testing was conducted to help verify analysis model inputs, as well as to facilitate correlation between testing and analysis. Test activities consisted of both 4 point bending tests as well as compressive core crush sequences. This paper presents an overview of this activity, and discusses issues encountered during the various phases of the applied research effort, and its relevance to future space based habitats.

Smith, Russell W.; Langford, William M.

2012-01-01

178

Building condition monitoring  

E-print Network

The building sector of the United States currently consumes over 40% of the United States primary energy supply. Estimates suggest that between 5 and 30% of any building's annual energy consumption is unknowingly wasted ...

Samouhos, Stephen V. (Stephen Vincent), 1982-

2010-01-01

179

The predictors of chemistry achievement of 12th grade students in secondary schools in the United Arab Emirates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study is to explore variables related to chemistry achievement of 12th grade science students in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). The focus is to identify student, teacher, and school variables that predict chemistry achievement. The analysis sample included 204 males and 252 females in 66 classes in 60 schools from 10 districts or bureaus of education in the UAE. Thirty-two male and 33 female chemistry teachers and 60 school principals were included. The Khalaf Chemistry Achievement Test, GALT, the Student Questionnaire, Teacher Questionnaire, and School Information Questionnaire were administered. Descriptive statistics, correlations, analyses of variance, factor analysis, and stepwise multiple linear regression analyses were done. The results indicate that demographic, home environment, prior knowledge, scholastic ability, attitudes and perceptions related to chemistry and science, and student perception of instructional practices variables correlated with student chemistry achievement. The amount of help teachers received from the supervisor, class size, and courses in geology were teacher variables that correlated with class chemistry achievement. Nine school variables involving school, division, and class sizes correlated with school chemistry achievement. Analyses of variance revealed significant interaction effects: district by school size and district by student gender. In two districts, students in small schools achieved better than those in large schools. Generally female students achieved equal to or better than males. Three factors from the factor analysis: School Size, Prior Student Achievement, and Student Perception of Teacher Effectiveness, correlated with school chemistry achievement. The results of the multiple linear regression indicated that the factors of Prior Student Achievement, Student Perception of Teacher Effectiveness, and Teacher Experience and Expertise accounted for 45% of the variance in school chemistry achievement. Results indicate that the strongest predictors of chemistry achievement are prior achievement in science, Arabic language, and mathematics; student perception of teacher effectiveness; and teacher experience and expertise. Females tend to achieve better in chemistry than males. No nationality differences were found and the relationship of school size to chemistry achievement was inconclusive. Recommendations related to chemistry and science are presented. These include curriculum, school practice, teacher professional development, and future research.

Khalaf, Ali Khalfan

2000-10-01

180

Urban heat island phenomenon, urban morphology and building energy: The case of Chicago, United States of America  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this thesis is to integrate urban climate and urban design for predicting building energy using simulation approach. Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon as a function of urban climate change and street geometry for urban morphology is considered. This study is aimed at providing architects\\/urban designers more informed choices for building design in a changing urban climate. The

Pravin Bhiwapurkar

2007-01-01

181

Fast and informative flow simulations in a building by using fast fluid dynamics model on graphics processing unit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fast indoor airflow simulations are necessary for building emergency management, preliminary design of sustainable buildings, and real-time indoor environment control. The simulation should also be informative since the airflow motion, temperature distribution, and contaminant concentration are important. Unfortunately, none of the current indoor airflow simulation techniques can satisfy both requirements at the same time. Our previous study proposed a Fast

Wangda Zuo; Qingyan Chen

2010-01-01

182

TECHNICAL EVALUATION OF SOIL REMEDIATION ALTERNATIVES AT THE BUILDING 812 OPERABLE UNIT, LAWRENCE LIVERMORE NATIONAL LABORATORY SITE 300  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy Livermore Site Office requested a technical review of remedial alternatives proposed for the Building 812 Operable Unit, Site 300 at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The team visited the site and reviewed the alternatives proposed for soil remediation in the draft RI/FS and made the following observations and recommendations. Based on the current information available for the site, the team did not identify a single technology that would be cost effective and/or ecologically sound to remediate DU contamination at Building 812 to current remedial goals. Soil washing is not a viable alternative and should not be considered at the site unless final remediation levels can be negotiated to significantly higher levels. This recommendation is based on the results of soil washing treatability studies at Fernald and Ashtabula that suggest that the technology would only be effective to address final remediation levels higher than 50 pCi/g. The technical review team identified four areas of technical uncertainty that should be resolved before the final selection of a preferred remedial strategy is made. Areas of significant technical uncertainty that should be addressed include: (1) Better delineation of the spatial distribution of surface contamination and the vertical distribution of subsurface contamination in the area of the firing table and associated alluvial deposits; (2) Chemical and physical characterization of residual depleted uranium (DU) at the site; (3) Determination of actual contaminant concentrations in air particulates to support risk modeling; and (4) More realistic estimation of cost for remedial alternatives, including soil washing, that were derived primarily from vendor estimates. Instead of conducting the planned soil washing treatability study, the team recommends that the site consider a new phased approach that combines additional characterization approaches and technologies to address the technical uncertainty in the remedial decision making. The site should redo the risk calculations as the future use scenario has changed for the site. As a result, the existing model is based on very conservative assumptions that result in calculation of unreasonably low cleanup goals. Specifically, the review team proposes that LLNL consider: (1) Revising the industrial worker scenario to a reasonable maximum exposure (RME) for a site worker that performs a weekly walk down of the area for two hours for 25 years (or an alternative RME if the exposure scenario changes); (2) Revising the ESSI of 2 mg U per kg soil for the deer mouse to account for less than 0.05 of the total ingested uranium being adsorbed by the gut; (3) Revising bioaccumulation factors (BAFs) for vegetation and invertebrates that are based on 100 mg of soluble uranium per kg of soil, as the uranium concentration in the slope soil does not average 100 mg/kg and it is not all in a soluble form; and (4) Measuring actual contaminant concentrations in air particulates at the site and using the actual values to support risk calculations. The team recommends that the site continue a phased approach during remediation. The activities should focus on elimination of the principal threats to groundwater by excavating (1) source material from the firing table and alluvial deposits, and (2) soil hotspots from the surrounding slopes with concentrations of U-235 and U-238 that pose unacceptable risk. This phased approach allows the remediation path to be driven by the results of each phase. This reduces the possibility of costly 'surprises', such as failure of soil treatment, and reduces the impact of remediation on endangered habitat. Treatment of the excavated material with physical separation equipment may result in a decreased volume of soil for disposal if the DU is concentrated in the fine-grained fraction, which can then be disposed of in an offsite facility at a considerable cost savings. Based on existing data and a decision to implement the recommended phased approach, the cost of characterization, excavation and physical

Eddy-Dilek, C.; Miles, D.; Abitz, R.

2009-08-14

183

Building Trades.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides materials for a competency-based course in building trades at the secondary level. The curriculum design uses the curriculum infused model for the teaching of basic skills as part of vocational education and demonstrates the relationship of vocationally related skills to communication, mathematics, and science…

Gudzak, Raymond

184

An analysis of selected decision making variables and the effects they have on the post-secondary education plans of 16-21 year old youth from the United States  

E-print Network

The primary purpose of this study was to determine the importance of postsecondary education in the future plans of 16-21 year old youth from the United States. A secondary purpose of the study was to determine if selected individuals in their lives...

Takao, Marsha Jane McCord

2007-09-17

185

The thermal process diagram and equipment of the secondary coolant circuit of a nuclear power station unit based on the BREST-OD-300 reactor installation for subcritical steam conditions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 300-MWe power unit based on an experimental-demonstration two-circuit 700-MWt reactor installation with lead coolant is briefly described. The thermal process diagram of the secondary coolant circuit for the subcritical steam conditions 17 MPa and 505°C at the outlet from steam generators is presented.

Nesterov, Yu. V.; Lisyanskii, A. S.; Makarova, E. I.; Bal'Va, L. Ya.; Prikhod'Ko, P. Yu.

2011-06-01

186

Fast and Informative Flow Simulations in a Building by Using Fast Fluid Dynamics Model on Graphics Processing Unit  

E-print Network

States Fire Administration [1], 3,430 civilians and 118 firefighters lost their lives in fires in 2007/gas in buildings. If the prediction is in real-time or faster-than-real-time, firefighters can follow appropriate

Chen, Qingyan "Yan"

187

Urban heat island phenomenon, urban morphology and building energy: The case of Chicago, United States of America  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The objective of this thesis is to integrate urban climate and urban design for predicting building energy using simulation approach. Urban Heat Island (UHI) phenomenon as a function of urban climate change and street geometry for urban morphology is considered. This study is aimed at providing architects/urban designers more informed choices for building design in a changing urban climate. The microclimatic variation in the Chicago area is investigated. The effect of air temperature and cloud cover on building energy is investigated for the influence of UHI on building energy. Street width (W) and building height (H) are the geometric descriptors for defining the street geometry. Street geometry dealt with the street aspect ratio (H/W=1, 2, 4 and 8) and street orientation (N, NNW, NW, WNW and W). The sensitivity analysis is performed for street geometry parameters to investigate its effect on the building energy. The investigations are carried out in the varying microclimatic conditions within the Chicago area. Optimum street geometry from energy point of view is suggested. Street geometry is found out to have significant effect on cooling energy savings. Street aspect ratio is found out to be dominant parameter than street orientation. Further, applications of the street geometry in relation to the density of built-up area and climate suitability in the urban area are discussed.

Bhiwapurkar, Pravin

188

Building Together  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this Bob the Builder(TM)-themed activity, learners explore what it means to work together as a team. Learners repeat the phrase âCan We Build It?(TM) Yes We Can!â until they can chant it together as a team. Then, learners repeat the chant at each activity station. Learners rotate through the stations where they build with blocks, LEGO® bricks or other small manipulatives, hammer nails and wood, pump with water, and construct a building site by moving sand with toy trucks. This activity is featured on page 9 of the "Bob the Builder(TM) â Project: Build It" unit of study.

Indianapolis, The C.

2006-01-01

189

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit No. 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV), the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP), and the US Department of Defense. The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUS) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs) (FFACO, 1996). As per the FFACO (1996), CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites. Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at CAU No. 423, the Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP), which is located in Area 3 at the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, part of the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 225 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figures 1-1 and 1-2). Corrective Action Unit No. 423 is comprised of only one CAS (No. 03-02-002-0308), which includes the Building 03-60 UDP and an associated discharge line extending from Building 03-60 to a point approximately 73 meters (m) (240 feet [ft]) northwest as shown on Figure 1-3.

DOE /NV

1997-10-01

190

CORRECTIVE ACTION DECISION DOCUMENT FOR CORRECTIVE ACTION UNIT 423: BUILDING 03-60 UNDERGROUND DISCHARGE POINT, TONOPAH TEST RANGE, NEVADA, REVISION 0, JUNE 1998  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Decision Document has been prepared for the Area 3 Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (Corrective Action Unit 423) in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order of 1996 (FFACO, 1996). Corrective Action Unit 423 is located at the Tonopah Test Range and is comprised of Corrective Action Site 03-02-002-0308. The purpose of this Corrective Action Decision Document is to identify and provide a rationale for the selection of a recommended corrective action alternative for Corrective Action Unit 423. The scope of this Correction Action Decision Document consists of the following: ? Develop corrective action objectives. ? Identify corrective action alternative screening criteria. ? Develop corrective action alternatives. ? Perform detailed and comparative evaluations of the corrective action alternatives in relation to the corrective action objectives and screening criteria. ? Recommend and justify a preferred corrective action alternative for the Corrective Action Unit. In January 1998, a corrective action investigation was performed as set forth in the Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit No. 423: Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada (DOE/NV, 1997). A hydrocarbon plume was found to emanate from near the bottom of the Underground Discharge Point to the west. The plume encompasses approximately 65 square meters (700 square feet). The highest total petroleum hydrocarbon level detected was 2,400 milligrams per kilogram. No other contaminants were detected above preliminary action levels. Details of the investigation can be found in Appendix A of this document. Based on the potential exposure pathways identified during the Data Quality Objectives process, the following corrective action objectives have been identified for Corrective Action Unit 423: ? Prevent or mitigate human exposure to subsurface soil containing contaminants of concern. ? Prevent adverse impacts to groundwater quality. Based on the review of existing data, future land use assumption, and current operations at the Tonopah Test Range, the following alternatives were developed for consideration at the Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point: ? Alternative 1 - No Action ? Alternative 2 - Closure in Place with Administrative Controls ? Alternative 3 - Partial Excavation, Disposal, and Administrative Controls ? Alternative 4 - In Situ Bioremediation The corrective action alternatives were evaluated based on four general corrective action standards and five remedy selection decision factors. Based on the results of this evaluation, the preferred alternative for Corrective Action Unit 423 is Alternative 2, Closure in Place with Administrative Controls. The preferred corrective action alternative was evaluated on technical merit, focusing on performance, reliability, feasibility, and safety. The alternative was judged to meet all requirements for the technical components evaluated. The alternative also meets all applicable state and federal regulations for closure of the site and will reduce potential future exposure pathways to the contaminated soils.

NONE

1998-06-01

191

Local characteristics of cross-unit contamination around high-rise building due to wind effect: mean concentration and infection risk assessment.  

PubMed

In this present work, the characteristics of hazardous gas dispersion and possible cross-unit contamination around a complex-shaped high-rise residential building due to wind effect are thoroughly studied using physical modeling method. Experiments were performed in a boundary layer wind tunnel for a 1:30 scale model that represented a 10-story residential building in prototype. Tracer gas, simulating exhausted room air, was continuously released from different floor levels, and its concentrations on the adjacent envelope surfaces were measured using fast flame ionization detectors. The mean concentration fields were reported and analyzed under different configurations during the experiment to consider the effects on pollutant dispersion behavior due to changes in source position and approaching wind condition, with the main emphasis on the differences between open-window and closed-window conditions. In particular, the measured concentration fields were further examined from a practical point of view, with respect to hazard assessment. Understanding these hazardous plume dispersion features is useful for employing effective intervention strategies in modern residential building environment in case of hazardous substance release. The study on this physical process is not only helpful to reduce the hazardous effect of routine release of harmful pollutant near the building, but also useful for the purpose of prevention and control of accidental infectious diseases outbreak. PMID:21616594

Liu, X P; Niu, J L; Kwok, K C S; Wang, J H; Li, B Z

2011-08-15

192

Assessment of thermal damage to polymeric materials by hydrogen deflagration in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 Reactor Building  

SciTech Connect

Thermal damage to susceptible material in accessible regions of the reactor building was distributed in non-uniform patterns. No clear explanation for non-uniformity was found in examined evidence, e.g., burned materials were adjacent to materials that appear similar but were not burned. Because these items were in proximity to vertical openings that extend the height of the reactor building, we assume the unburned materials preferentially absorbed water vapor during periods of high, local steam concentration. Simple hydrogen-fire-exposure tests and heat transfer calculations duplicate the degree of damage found on inspected materials from the containment building. These data support estimated 8% pre-fire hydrogen concentration predictions based on various hydrogen production mechanisms.

Alvares, N.J.

1985-05-01

193

How to Build a 5Why Scaffolding Guided Questioning Teaching Case Film? Campus Insects Unit as an Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research is to set up a 5Why scaffolding guided questioning teaching case film for student teachers. The case can provide complete 5Why scaffolding guided questioning science teaching unit (campus insect unit) for the student teachers to observe and learn the curriculum design, teaching didactics and problem solving method. In…

Lu, Chow-Chin

2013-01-01

194

Classroom Temperature, Clothing and Thermal Comfort -- A Study of Secondary School Children in Summertime. Building Research Establishment Current Paper 22/74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a study of summertime classroom temperature and its relationship to the clothing worn by English secondary school children. Data on classroom temperatures and children's clothing were recorded during one summer for a total of 987 lessons. Analysis of the data showed that the strong clothing-temperature correlation could be…

Humphreys, M. A.

1974-01-01

195

Factors that Influence Participation of Students in Secondary Science and Mathematics Subjects in IB Schools Outside of the United States and Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affect the extent of international secondary students' participation in International Baccalaureate science and mathematics courses. The factors examined were gender, home region, size, percent host culture and age of the program, and coeducational and legal status of the school. Participation in math and science subjects was determined by analyzing the level and number of courses taken by students taking International Baccalaureate exams in 2010. Chi-Square and Cramer's V analysis were used to measure the effect of categorical variables on student participation and One-Way ANOVA and Bonferroni comparison of means were used to analyze the quantitative variables. All categorical variables were statistically significant (p<.01). Home region was the most important factor affecting participation in both math and science. Students from East, Southeast and South-Central Asia; and Eastern Europe have greater participation in math. The highest science participation came from students in East, Southern and Western Africa; and Southeast Asia. Top participators in science came from Australia/New Zealand, Northern Europe, East Africa and South-Central and Western Asia. State schools showed higher math and science participation. Science and math participation was also greater in all-male schools though associations were weak. Boys participated more than girls, especially in math. All quantitative variables were statistically significant. The program size had the largest effect size for both math and science with larger programs showing more participation at the higher level. A decreasing trend for age of the program and percent host culture was found for math participation. Three years of participation data were collected from an international school in Western Europe (n = 194). Variables included the influence of parent occupation, math preparedness (PSAT-Math), student achievement (GPA), and the importance of significant others in career and academic decisions. Findings indicate that performance on the PSAT- Math was the most important predictor of both science and mathematics participation. Twenty students were also interviewed. Results showed the importance of several key factors. These include the role of parents in student academic and career decisions, the importance of personal interest, and the contribution of early decisions in confidence-building.

Straffon, Elizabeth

196

A novel (3,4,8)-connected 3D topology framework based on [Gd 2(bpdc) 3(H 2O) 3] second building units  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new 3D coordination polymer {[Gd2(bpdc)3(H2O)3]·H2O}n(1) has been isolated from the reaction of 2,2?-bipyridine-4,4?-dicarboxylic acid (H2bpdc) and Gd(III) salts under hydrothermal conditions. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study shows that compound 1 is constructed from Gd2-based second building units (SBUs) [Gd2(bpdc)3(H2O)3] and displays a 3D (3,4,8)-connected net with (42·6)(32·42·52)(32·45·54·611·76) topology. A thermogravimetric analysis of 1 shows a high thermal stability. The magnetic

Rui-ping Liu; Jun Li; Gui-ping Yao; Yun Luo; Dario Braga; Feng-Xing Zhang

2011-01-01

197

Increased Market Power as a New Secondary Consideration in Patent Law A Review of Recent Decisions of the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Courts have developed several non-technical “secondary considerations” to help judges and juries in patent litigation decide whether a patent meets the crucial statutory requirement that a patent be non-obvious. This Article proposes a tenth secondary consideration to help judges and juries: increased market power. If a patent measurably increases its holders’ market power in the market into which it sells

Andrew Blair-Stanek

2009-01-01

198

The economic viability of micro units in New York City : when the market wants to build big  

E-print Network

Micro-Units are tiny apartments which are currently being discussed, developed, or prototyped in several major American cities. This thesis examines the assumption underlying the push to change regulations to allow micro ...

Disbrow, Rebecca L. (Rebecca Lynn)

2013-01-01

199

Secondary parkinsonism  

MedlinePLUS

Parkinsonism - secondary; Atypical Parkinson disease ... to be less responsive to medical therapy than Parkinson's disease. ... Unlike Parkinson disease, secondary parkinsonism may stabilize or even improve if the underlying cause is treated. Brain problems, such ...

200

Water chemistry used in the secondary coolant circuit of unit 3 at the rovno nuclear power station involving correction treatment of working medium with lithium hydroxide and ethanolamine  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The all-volatile water chemistry used in the secondary coolant circuit involving correction treatment of the steam generator's boiler water with lithium hydroxide and the ethanolamine water chemistry are analyzed from the viewpoint of their effect on the erosion-corrosion wear of equipment used in the secondary coolant system and damageability of heat-transfer tubes used in PGV-1000M steam generators.

Kozlov, V. Ya.; Vlasenko, N. I.; Kozlova, T. Yu.

2011-03-01

201

Building a World Fit for Children: The United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children, 8-10 May, 2002.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Nations Special Session on Children in May, 2002, was a landmark for children and human developmentthe first Special Session of the General Assembly devoted exclusively to children and the first to include them as official delegates. Participants came together to assess the progress made toward achieving the goals of the 1990 World…

United Nations Children's Fund, New York, NY.

202

The Connections among Immigration, Nation Building, and Adult Education English as a Second Language Instruction in the United States  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since its inception at the turn of the last century, adult education English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction in the United States has been entwined with immigration processes and ideas of the nation. In spite of current uncertainty about the overhauling of federal immigration policy, increasingly anti-immigrant laws in states such as…

Ullman, Char

2010-01-01

203

Mangroves Build Land. "Mangroves are a Valuable Resource." Grades 7 and 8. A Two Lesson Unit. Student Learning Activity Module.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is an activity and film-oriented unit focusing on the importance of mangroves in the South Florida ecosystem. The module is part of a series designed to be used by teachers, students, and community members to help them utilize community resources in developing and teaching environmental concepts and responsibility, and in seeking ways…

Frank, James

204

THE MODULATION OF ELECTRIC LOAD PROFILES IN DOMESTIC DWELLINGS WITH BUILDING INTEGRATED PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - AN INVESTIGATION FOR THE UNITED KINGDOM  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Germany, where due to the high feed-in tariffs of the Renewable Energy Source Act, the energy, generated by a photovoltaic system, is exclusively exported into the utility grid. The situation in the United Kingdom and other countries is very different. The purchase of the photovoltaic system and the costs of the installation are partly funded by the government, but

Nico Kreutzer; Hans Georg; Ian Knight

205

23. SITE BUILDING 002 SCANNER BUILDING RADAR CONTROL ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. SITE BUILDING 002 - SCANNER BUILDING - RADAR CONTROL INTERFACE "RCL NO. 2" WITH COMPUTER CONTROL DISC DRIVE UNITS IN FOREGROUND. - Cape Cod Air Station, Technical Facility-Scanner Building & Power Plant, Massachusetts Military Reservation, Sandwich, Barnstable County, MA

206

Overview of Commercial Buildings, 2003  

EIA Publications

The Energy Information Administration conducts the Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey (CBECS) to collect information on energy-related building characteristics and types and amounts of energy consumed in commercial buildings in the United States.

2008-01-01

207

Building Community.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this eight-unit course is to explore the values and issues of modern urban neighborhoods. It focuses on how community leaders can apply the broad principle of justice to problems of security, reciprocity, and fellowship that face most neighborhoods today. The course is intended for use by community leaders in building community…

Schwartz, Edward

208

(Si){sub 5-2y}(AlP){sub y} alloys assembled on Si(100) from Al-P-Si{sub 3} building units  

SciTech Connect

An original class of IV/III-V hybrid (Si){sub 5-2y}(AlP){sub y}/Si(100) semiconductors have been produced via tailored interactions of molecular P(SiH{sub 3}){sub 3} and atomic Al yielding tetrahedral ''Al-P-Si{sub 3}'' building blocks. Extensive structural, optical, and vibrational characterization corroborates that these units condense to assemble single-phase, monocrystalline alloys containing 60%-90% Si (y = 0.3-1.0) as nearly defect-free layers lattice-matched to Si. Spectroscopic ellipsometry and density functional theory band structure calculations indicate mild compositional bowing of the band gaps, suggesting that the tuning needed for optoelectronic applications should be feasible.

Watkins, T.; Chizmeshya, A. V. G.; Kouvetakis, J. [Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1604 (United States); Jiang, L.; Xu, C.; Smith, D. J.; Menendez, J. [Department of Physics, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona 85287-1504 (United States)

2012-01-09

209

Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration Plan for Corrective Action Unit 113: Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Building Nevada Test Site, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Streamlined Approach for Environmental Restoration (SAFER) Plan addresses the action necessary for the closure in place of Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 113 Area 25 Reactor Maintenance, Assembly, and Disassembly Facility (R-MAD). CAU 113 is currently listed in Appendix III of the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (NDEP, 1996). The CAU is located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and consists of Corrective Action Site (CAS) 25-04-01, R-MAD Facility (Figures 1-2). This plan provides the methodology for closure in place of CAU 113. The site contains radiologically impacted and hazardous material. Based on preassessment field work, there is sufficient process knowledge to close in place CAU 113 using the SAFER process. At a future date when funding becomes available, the R-MAD Building (25-3110) will be demolished and inaccessible radiologic waste will be properly disposed in the Area 3 Radiological Waste Management Site (RWMS).

J. L. Smith

2001-01-01

210

Corrective Action Plan for Corrective Action Unit 423: Area 3 Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

The Corrective Action Plan provides the closure methods for Corrective Action Unit (CAU) 423: Area 3 Building 03-60 Underground Discharge Point (UDP), Tonoopah Test Range, Nevada. CAU 423 consists of the UDP and an associated discharge pipeline extending from Building 03-60. Corrective action investigations were completed in January 1998, and are documented in the Corrective Action Decision Document (US DOE, 1998). Results indicate an asymmetrical hydrocarbon plume, measuring 11 meters (m) 35 ft in length, 6 m (20 ft) in width, and 4 to 20 m (14 to 65 ft) in depth, has formed beneath the UDP and migrated westward. Petroleum hydrocarbon levels were identified above the 100 miligrams per kilogram (mg/kg) action level specified in Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) 445A (NAC 1996). The highest petroleum hydrocarbon concentration detected was 2,4000 mg/kg at 6 m, 20 ft, below surface grade as diesel. Corrective actions will consist of administrative controls and in place closure of th e UDP and its associated discharge pipeline.

Bechtel Nevada

1998-10-31

211

A Five-Country Study of the Work Perceptions of Secondary School Teachers in England, the United States, Japan, Singapore and West Germany (1986-88).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a cross-cultural study of quality of teaching life among secondary school teachers by an international consortium of university research teams. Discusses the study's rationale; objectives; major concepts of job satisfaction, work centrality, and occupational stress; questionnaire development; and sampling techniques. Contains 55…

Menlo, Allen; Poppleton, Pam

1990-01-01

212

Science for Ladies, Classics for Gentlemen: A Comparative Analysis of Scientific Subjects in the Curricula of Boys' and Girls' Secondary Schools in the United States, 1794-1850.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a consistent body of evidence to support the conclusion that, from the earliest decades of the 19th century, scientific subjects represented a significant and popular part of the curriculum in schools for girls. Includes evidence from primary and secondary sources. (MJP)

Tolley, Kim

1996-01-01

213

SEASONAL AND REGIONAL VARIATIONS OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY ORGANIC AEROSOLS OVER THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: SEMI-EMPIRICAL ESTIMATES AND MODEL EVALUATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Seasonal and regional variations of primary (OCpri) and secondary (OCsec) organic carbon aerosols across the continental U.S. for the year 2001 were examined by a semi-empirical technique using observed OC and elemental carbon (EC) data from 142 routine moni...

214

Foreign Language Instruction in the United Sates: A National Survey of Elementary and Secondary Schools. Language in Education: Theory and Practice No. 93.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 1996-97 national survey of elementary and secondary schools investigated current patterns and shifts in foreign language enrollment, languages and programs offered, teaching methodologies, teacher qualifications and training, and reactions to national reform issues. An introductory section of the survey report offers background information on…

Rhodes, Nancy C.; Branaman, Lucinda E.

215

Secondary Market Activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association. Report to the Committee on Labor and Human Resources, United States Senate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Lending and secondary market activities of the Student Loan Marketing Association (Sallie Mae) since it began operations in 1973 were reviewed. Specific areas of review were: the Association's legislative development and financial activities, its profitability compared to commercial banks and other government-sponsored enterprises that provide…

General Accounting Office, Washington, DC.

216

Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 406: Area 3 Building 03-74 and Building 03-58 Under ground Discharge Points and Corrective Action Unit 429: Area 3 Building 03-55 and Area 9 Building 09-52 Underground Discharge Points, Tonopah Test Range, Nevada  

SciTech Connect

This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense (FFACO, 1996). The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO (1996), CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites. Corrective Action Units consist of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and the criteria for conducting site investigation activities at the Underground Discharge Points (UDPs) included in both CAU 406 and CAU 429. The CAUs are located in Area 3 and Area 9 of the Tonopah Test Range (TTR). The TTR, included in the Nellis Air Force Range, is approximately 255 kilometers (km) (140 miles [mi]) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada.

DOE/NV

1999-05-20

217

Molybdophosphonate clusters as building blocks in the oxomolybdate-organodiphosphonate/cobalt(II)-organoimine system: structural influences of secondary metal coordination preferences and diphosphonate tether lengths.  

PubMed

Hydrothermal conditions have been used in the preparation of a series of organic-inorganic hybrid materials of the cobalt-molybdophosphonate family. The reactions of MoO(3), cobalt(II) acetate or cobalt(II) acetylacetonate, tetra-2-pyridylpyrazine (tpyprz), and organodiphosphonic acids H(2)O(3)P(CH(2))nPO(3)H(2) (n = 1-5 and 9) of varying tether lengths yielded compounds of the general type {Co(2)(tpyprz)(H(2)O)(m)}4+/MoxOy{O(3)P(CH(2))(n)PO(3)}z. The recurring theme of the structural chemistry is the incorporation of {Mo(5)O(15)(O(3)PR)(2)}(4-) clusters as molecular building blocks observed in the structures of nine phases (compounds 2-9 and 11). The structural consequences of variations in reaction conditions are most apparent in the series with propylene diphosphonate, where four unique structures 4-7 are observed, including two distinct three-dimensional architectures for compounds 5 and 6 whose formulations differ only in the number of water molecules of crystallization. With pentyldiphosphonate, a second phase 10 is obtained which exhibits a unique cluster building block, the hexamolybdate [Mo(6)O(18){O(3)P(CH(2))(5)PO(3)}](4-). In the case of methylenediphosphonic acid, a third structural motif, the trinuclear {(Mo(3)O(8))(O(3)PCH(2)PO(3))}2- subunit, is observed in compound 1. The structural chemistry of compounds 1-11 of this study is quite distinct from that of the {Ni(2)(tpyprz)(H(2)O)(m)}(4+)/Mo(x)O(y){O(3)P(CH(2))(n)PO(3)}z family, as well as that of the copper-based family. The structural diversity of this general class of materials reflects the coordination preferences of the M(II) sites, the extent of aqua ligation to the M(II) sites, the participation of both phosphate oxygen atoms and molybdate oxo-groups in linking to the M(II) sites, and the variability in the number of attachment sites at the molybdophosphonate clusters. Since the charge densities at the peripheral oxygen atoms of the clusters are quite uniform, the attachment of {M(2)(tpyprz)}(4+) subunits to the molybdophosphonates appears to be largely determined by steric, coulombic, and packing factors, as shown by extensive density functional theory calculations. PMID:18181615

Armatas, N Gabriel; Allis, Damian G; Prosvirin, Andrew; Carnutu, Gabriel; O'Connor, Charles J; Dunbar, Kim; Zubieta, Jon

2008-02-01

218

Navigation Unit  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This unit on Navigation begins with a brief history of navigation and maps, including building a simple compass as an introduction to the magnetic field of Earth. Division of Earth navigation units in Lat/Long and UTM are explored in detail. Topographic maps as an expression of Earth's surface are used to integrate all of the pervious topics.

Suzanne M (Suki) Smaglik

219

Secondary Abdominoplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Abdominoplasty is the most frequent excisional body contour procedure performed in aesthetic surgery. Secondary abdominoplasty\\u000a refers to a new excisional procedure for a patient who has previously undergone an excisional abdominoplasty. In the authors’\\u000a practice, more than 7% of abdominoplasties are secondary cases and deserve special consideration.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  The authors present a retrospective analysis of their experience with 21 secondary cases

P. S. Cormenzana; N. M. Samprón; F. J. Escudero-Nafs

2008-01-01

220

Solar buildings. Overview: The Solar Buildings Program  

SciTech Connect

Buildings account for more than one third of the energy used in the United States each year, consuming vast amounts of electricity, natural gas, and fuel oil. Given this level of consumption, the buildings sector is rife with opportunity for alternative energy technologies. The US Department of Energy`s Solar Buildings Program was established to take advantage of this opportunity. The Solar Buildings Program is engaged in research, development, and deployment on solar thermal technologies, which use solar energy to produce heat. The Program focuses on technologies that have the potential to produce economically competitive energy for the buildings sector.

Not Available

1998-04-01

221

Spatial and seasonal variations of fine particle water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) over the Southeastern United States: implications for secondary organic aerosol formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in the Southeastern US is investigated by analyzing the spatial-temporal distribution of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) and other PM2.5 components from 900 archived 24 h Teflon filters collected at 15 urban or rural EPA Federal Reference Method (FRM) network sites throughout 2007. Online measurements of WSOC at an urban/rural-paired site in Georgia in the summer of 2008 are contrasted to the filter data. Based on FRM filters, excluding biomass-burning events (levoglucosan < 50 ng m-3), WSOC and sulfate were highly correlated with PM2.5 mass and both comprised a large mass fraction of PM2.5 (13% and 35%, respectively). Sulfate and WSOC both tracked ambient temperature throughout the year, suggesting the temperature effects were mainly on the photochemical processes that lead to secondary formation. FRM WSOC, and to a lesser extent sulfate, were spatially homogeneous throughout the region, yet WSOC was moderately enhanced (27%) in locations of greater predicted isoprene emissions in summer. A Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) analysis identified two major source types for the summer WSOC; 22% of the WSOC were associated with ammonium sulfate, and 56% of the WSOC was associated with brown carbon and oxalate. A small urban excess of FRM WSOC (10%) was observed in the summer of 2007, however, comparisons of online WSOC measurements at one urban/rural pair (Atlanta/Yorkville) in August 2008 showed substantially greater difference in WSOC (31%) relative to the FRM data, suggesting a low bias for urban filters. The measured Atlanta urban excess, combined with the estimated boundary layer heights, gave an estimated Atlanta daily WSOC production rate in August of 0.55 mg C m-2 h-1 between mid-morning and mid-afternoon. This study characterizes the regional nature of fine particles in the Southeastern US, confirming the importance of secondary organic aerosol and the roles of both biogenic and anthropogenic emissions.

Zhang, X.; Liu, Z.; Hecobian, A.; Zheng, M.; Frank, N. H.; Edgerton, E. S.; Weber, R. J.

2012-04-01

222

Building Design  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Building Design site bills itself as "the architects" website", and it is a claim that is quite accurate and apropos. Designed to complement their print publication, the site is a treasure-trove of material for just about anyone who is involved in any aspect of building, including architects, design theorists, planners, and so on. As the magazine is based in the United Kingdom, there's definitely a British Isles focus. Readers probably won't mind as the site offers excellent coverage of the field in the "News" section, where they can sign up to receive email updates, watch some slideshows of new and proposed buildings, and read long-form pieces. Not surprisingly, the site is keeping up with the proverbial Joneses" by offering a smattering of intelligent and lively blogs, coupled with podcasts that mix contemporary interviews and discussions with archived materials such as talks with Buckminster Fuller on his environmental philosophy.

223

Defining conservation units in a stocking-induced genetic melting pot: unraveling native and multiple exotic genetic imprints of recent and historical secondary contact in Adriatic grayling  

PubMed Central

The definition of conservation units is crucial for the sustainable management of endangered species, though particularly challenging when recent and past anthropogenic and natural gene flow might have played a role. The conservation of the European grayling, Thymallus thymallus, is particularly complex in its southern distribution area, where the Adriatic evolutionary lineage is endangered by a long history of anthropogenic disturbance, intensive stocking and potentially widespread genetic introgression. We provide mtDNA sequence and microsatellite data of 683 grayling from 30 sites of Adriatic as well as Danubian and Atlantic origin. We apply Bayesian clustering and Approximate Bayesian Computation (ABC) to detect microgeographic population structure and to infer the demographic history of the Adriatic populations, to define appropriate conservation units. Varying frequencies of indigenous genetic signatures of the Adriatic grayling were revealed, spanning from marginal genetic introgression to the collapse of native gene pools. Genetic introgression involved multiple exotic source populations of Danubian and Atlantic origin, thus evidencing the negative impact of few decades of stocking. Within the Adige River system, a contact zone of western Adriatic and eastern Danubian populations was detected, with ABC analyses suggesting a historical anthropogenic origin of eastern Adige populations, most likely founded by medieval translocations. Substantial river-specific population substructure within the Adriatic grayling Evolutionary Significant Unit points to the definition of different conservation units. We finally propose a catalog of management measures, including the legal prohibition of stocking exotic grayling and the use of molecular markers in supportive- and captive-breeding programs. PMID:24834328

Meraner, Andreas; Cornetti, Luca; Gandolfi, Andrea

2014-01-01

224

Sources of particulate matter in the northeastern United States in summer: 1. Direct emissions and secondary formation of organic matter in urban plumes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ship and aircraft measurements of aerosol organic matter (OM) and water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) were made in fresh and aged pollution plumes from major urban areas in the northeastern United States in the framework of the 2004 International Consortium for Atmospheric Research on Transport and Transformation (ICARTT) study. A large part of the variability in the data was quantitatively described

J. A. de Gouw; C. A. Brock; E. L. Atlas; T. S. Bates; F. C. Fehsenfeld; P. D. Goldan; J. S. Holloway; W. C. Kuster; B. M. Lerner; B. M. Matthew; A. M. Middlebrook; T. B. Onasch; R. E. Peltier; P. K. Quinn; C. J. Senff; A. Stohl; A. P. Sullivan; C. Warneke; R. J. Weber; E. J. Williams

2008-01-01

225

China Curriculum for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist secondary teachers in teaching about China, this guide presents six units about the cultural and political patterns of Chinese life. Following a list of resources and audiovisual distributors, unit 1 provides opportunities to examine similarities and differences in Chinese and American world views, particularly attitudes of…

McBride, Marjorie; And Others

226

World Concerns and the United Nations: Model Teaching Units for Primary, Secondary, and Teacher Education Based on the Work of Participants in the UN Fellowship Programme for Educators and the UNESCO Associated Schools Project. Second Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's educators face the daunting challenge of preparing new generations of young people for life in a world undergoing economic, political, and cultural changes on a scale unmatched in history. After five decades, the United Nations remains at the center of the global effort to ensure peace and the equitable enjoyment of the planet's resources.…

Arkin, Linda, Ed.

227

World Concerns and the United Nations: Model Teaching Units for Primary, Secondary and Teacher Educators Based on the Work of Participants in the UN Fellowship Programme for Educators (1975-1981) and the UNESCO Associated Schools Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This sourcebook is designed to provide prototype materials on world issues suitable for adaptation to national and regional needs. Materials can also be adapted for many curriculum subjects at levels ranging from kindergarten to grade 12. A total of 26 units are organized into five sections. Following a foreword, introduction, and guidelines, a…

United Nations, New York, NY.

228

Evaluation Unit: An Experimental Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

These evaluation activities are posttests on ethnicity, transnational linkages, and ethnocentric attitudes. The tests can be used to measure the content and skills that secondary students have acquired as a result of participating in the four units comprising the Ethnic Heritage Studies Curriculum. With a few minor modifications, the tests can…

Smith, Gary R.

229

Parkinsonismi secondari  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a La diagnosi di malattia di Parkinson (MP) presuppone — oltre ai segni cardinali e alle modalità evolutive — la presenza di\\u000a una buona e persistente risposta alla terapia con levodopa. É questo un elemento essenziale nella diagnosi differenziale della\\u000a MP idiopatica dai parkinsonismi secondari, in cui la risposta alla levodopa è solitamente scarsa e di durata limitata.

Floriano Girotti; Vincenza Fetoni

230

Spatial and seasonal variations of fine particle water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) over the southeastern United States: implications for secondary organic aerosol formation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) in the southeastern US is investigated by analyzing the spatial-temporal distribution of water-soluble organic carbon (WSOC) and other PM2.5 components from 900 archived 24-h Teflon filters collected at 15 urban or rural EPA Federal Reference Method (FRM) network sites throughout 2007. Online measurements of WSOC at an urban/rural-paired site in Georgia in the summer of 2008 are contrasted to the filter data. Based on FRM filters, excluding biomass-burning events (levoglucosan < 50 ng m-3), WSOC and sulfate were highly correlated with PM2.5 mass (r2~0.7). Both components comprised a large mass fraction of PM2.5 (13% and 31%, respectively, or ~25% and 50% for WSOM and ammonium sulfate). Sulfate and WSOC both tracked ambient temperature throughout the year, suggesting the temperature effects were mainly linked to faster photochemistry and/or synoptic meteorology and less due to enhanced biogenic hydrocarbon emissions. FRM WSOC, and to a lesser extent sulfate, were spatially homogeneous throughout the region, yet WSOC was moderately enhanced (27%) in locations of greater predicted isoprene emissions in summer. A Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) analysis identified two major source types for the summer WSOC; 22% of the WSOC were associated with ammonium sulfate, and 56% of the WSOC were associated with brown carbon and oxalate. A small urban excess of FRM WSOC (10%) was observed in the summer of 2007, however, comparisons of online WSOC measurements at one urban/rural pair (Atlanta/Yorkville) in August 2008 showed substantially greater difference in WSOC (31%) relative to the FRM data, suggesting a low bias for urban filters. The measured Atlanta urban excess, combined with the estimated boundary layer heights, gave an estimated Atlanta daily WSOC production rate in August of 0.55 mgC m-2 h-1 between mid-morning and mid-afternoon. This study characterizes the regional nature of fine particles in the southeastern US, confirming the importance of SOA and the roles of both biogenic and anthropogenic emissions.

Zhang, X.; Liu, Z.; Hecobian, A.; Zheng, M.; Frank, N. H.; Edgerton, E. S.; Weber, R. J.

2012-07-01

231

Using Secondary Data for Grounded Theory Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Grounded theory is well utilised in qualitative research for building theoretical understanding of complex social processes. Grounded theory data analysis strategies can be used with different types of data, including secondary data. Despite the potential advantages of secondary data, it is rarely used for grounded theory studies, largely due to a perception that researchers are unable to follow the guidelines

Mary Whiteside; Jane Mills; Janya McCalman

2012-01-01

232

GMT adaptive secondary design  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The GMT adaptive secondary mirror (ASM) is based on a "segmented" concept following the primary segment layout: seven 1.05m diameter circular, independent adaptive mirrors are fed by the primaries and focus to the main telescope focal stations. The adaptive unit's design is based on the consolidated thin mirror, contactless technology already employed in several units (MMT, LBT, Magellan, VLT and one of the proposed E-ELT M4 designs), but nevertheless the mirror's topology reveals several design challenges. In particular, the off-axis units are strongly aspheric and therefore they require aspheric shaping of both thin mirror surfaces and of the thick reference body. The strong tilt of the off-axis units forced us to consider a peculiar fine positioning hexapod design, maximizing its stiffness and also implementing a special design of the last three rings of actuators to remain within the prescribed obstruction. From the control point of view, the actuator density of the adaptive mirrors is remarkably lower than in all previous units: 672 actuators with 36mm spacing compared to 30mm typical separation adopted so far. This choice is validated by static and dynamic performance computation though a sophisticated numerical simulator based on a full state space model incorporating mechanics, control and fluid dynamics. The control system fulfills the dimensional constraints of the unit. The design has completed the feasibility phase, including the cost estimate. The choice of making the GMT adaptive secondary mirrors similar to the already existing ones strongly reduces the implementation risks and allows shortening the remaining design path.

Biasi, R.; Veronese, D.; Andrighettoni, M.; Angerer, G.; Gallieni, D.; Mantegazza, M.; Tintori, M.; Lazzarini, P.; Manetti, M.; Johns, M. W.; Hinz, P. M.; Kern, J.

2010-07-01

233

Secondary Syphilitic Lesions  

PubMed Central

An important theme that emerges from all early historical accounts is that in addition to the decreased virulence of Treponema pallidum, the incidence of secondary syphilis has decreased drastically over the past three centuries. Even in the early 20th century, most syphilologists were of the opinion that the disease had undergone changes in its manifestations and that they were dealing with an attenuated form of the spirochete. Such opinions were based primarily on the observations that violent cutaneous reactions and fatalities associated with the secondary stage had become extremely rare. The rate of primary and secondary syphilis in the United States increased in 2002 for the second consecutive year. After a decade-long decline that led to an all-time low in 2000, the recent trend is attributable, to a large extent, by a increase in reported syphilis cases among men, particularly homosexual and bisexual men having sex with men. The present review addresses the clinical and diagnostic criteria for the recognition of secondary syphilis, the clinical course and manifestations of the disease if allowed to proceed past the primary stage of disease in untreated individuals, and the treatment for this stage of the disease. PMID:15653827

Baughn, Robert E.; Musher, Daniel M.

2005-01-01

234

Turbine building hazards  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the aftermath of the turbine overspeed event and the ensuing fires and explosions in the turbine building at Salem Unit 2 on November 9, 1991, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Office for Analysis and Evaluation of Operational Data (AEOD) initiated studies on turbine overspeed events and turbine building hazards. The turbine overspeed study has been discussed in an article

H. L. Ornstein; F. J. Zarzuela

1993-01-01

235

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

Pharmacy S Planning, Architecture and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy V Centre for Cancer Research and Cell Biology (CCRCB) 20 Chrono 13 Counselling Service 9 Crèches 10 David Bates Building 29 David Keir Building 1n Development and Alumni Relations 13 Disability Services 8 Drama

Paxton, Anthony T.

236

The Desolate Desert Controversy: Should Presto Power Company Build a Nuclear Plant? Instructor's Guide [and] Student Materials. A Business-in-the-Classroom Lesson Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of units designed to acquaint secondary school students with business issues, this packet focuses on the complex and controversial topic of energy technology. In a 5-day simulation, students play the roles of energy commission members, and business, local, and public interest group witnesses who must determine whether to build

Maxey, Phyllis F.

237

11. BUILDING NO. 18 (ENGINEERING BUILDING), CENTER, IN RELATION TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. BUILDING NO. 18 (ENGINEERING BUILDING), CENTER, IN RELATION TO BUILDING NO. 19 (BENDING SHOP AND OVEN) AT FAR LEFT, AND TO THE WET BASIN AT FAR RIGHT. VIEW TO NORTH-NORTHWEST. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

238

"Misunderstanding China" Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The short unit, designed around the use of the film "Misunderstanding China", is a secondary level study of American stereotypes of China. The major objective of the unit is to help students understand the origins and causes of stereotypes. While the case in point is China, the unit can be used in any context where stereotyping is relevant.…

Bay Area China Education Project, Stanford, CA.

239

Reflections of Post-Secondary Educational Experiences of Selected Women of the United Arab Emirates (UAE): A Qualitative Analysis Investigating the Motivations, Supports, Rewards, and Challenges Encountered by Seven Emirati Women in the Year 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the post-secondary experiences of seven Emirati women to investigate reasons for the female dominated post-secondary educational persistence which was at the time of the study 65% female to 35% male. The study used internet text messaging to interview the women about issues surrounding their post-secondary educational…

Daleure, Georgia

2005-01-01

240

Does Traffic-related Air Pollution Explain Associations of Aircraft and Road Traffic Noise Exposure on Children's Health and Cognition? A Secondary Analysis of the United Kingdom Sample From the RANCH Project  

PubMed Central

The authors examined whether air pollution at school (nitrogen dioxide) is associated with poorer child cognition and health and whether adjustment for air pollution explains or moderates previously observed associations between aircraft and road traffic noise at school and children's cognition in the 2001–2003 Road Traffic and Aircraft Noise Exposure and Children's Cognition and Health (RANCH) project. This secondary analysis of a subsample of the United Kingdom RANCH sample examined 719 children who were 9–10 years of age from 22 schools around London's Heathrow airport for whom air pollution data were available. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling. Air pollution exposure levels at school were moderate, were not associated with a range of cognitive and health outcomes, and did not account for or moderate associations between noise exposure and cognition. Aircraft noise exposure at school was significantly associated with poorer recognition memory and conceptual recall memory after adjustment for nitrogen dioxide levels. Aircraft noise exposure was also associated with poorer reading comprehension and information recall memory after adjustment for nitrogen dioxide levels. Road traffic noise was not associated with cognition or health before or after adjustment for air pollution. Moderate levels of air pollution do not appear to confound associations of noise on cognition and health, but further studies of higher air pollution levels are needed. PMID:22842719

Clark, Charlotte; Crombie, Rosanna; Head, Jenny; van Kamp, Irene; van Kempen, Elise; Stansfeld, Stephen A.

2012-01-01

241

Does traffic-related air pollution explain associations of aircraft and road traffic noise exposure on children's health and cognition? A secondary analysis of the United Kingdom sample from the RANCH project.  

PubMed

The authors examined whether air pollution at school (nitrogen dioxide) is associated with poorer child cognition and health and whether adjustment for air pollution explains or moderates previously observed associations between aircraft and road traffic noise at school and children's cognition in the 2001-2003 Road Traffic and Aircraft Noise Exposure and Children's Cognition and Health (RANCH) project. This secondary analysis of a subsample of the United Kingdom RANCH sample examined 719 children who were 9-10 years of age from 22 schools around London's Heathrow airport for whom air pollution data were available. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling. Air pollution exposure levels at school were moderate, were not associated with a range of cognitive and health outcomes, and did not account for or moderate associations between noise exposure and cognition. Aircraft noise exposure at school was significantly associated with poorer recognition memory and conceptual recall memory after adjustment for nitrogen dioxide levels. Aircraft noise exposure was also associated with poorer reading comprehension and information recall memory after adjustment for nitrogen dioxide levels. Road traffic noise was not associated with cognition or health before or after adjustment for air pollution. Moderate levels of air pollution do not appear to confound associations of noise on cognition and health, but further studies of higher air pollution levels are needed. PMID:22842719

Clark, Charlotte; Crombie, Rosanna; Head, Jenny; van Kamp, Irene; van Kempen, Elise; Stansfeld, Stephen A

2012-08-15

242

American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) FEMP Technical Assistance - United States Pacific Command (PACOM) Guam, Task 3.3: Building Retuning Training  

SciTech Connect

Document describes an onsite workshop and building retuning training conducted in Guam in August 2010. Document reports on issues identified during an audit of several buildings and recommendations to save energy throughout the site. During the workshop, it became apparent that as site personnel maintain the facilities at Guam, the following retuning efforts and strategies should be prioritized: (1) Controlling the mechanical systems operational hours and zone temperature set points appeared to present the best opportunities for savings; (2) Zone temperature set points in some buildings are excessively low, especially at night, when the zone temperatures are so cold that they approached the dewpoint; and (3) Manually-set outside air dampers are providing excessive outside air, especially for spaces that are unoccupied. Two of the larger schools, one on the Naval Base and one on Anderson AFB, are in need of a significant recommissioning effort. These facilities are relatively new, with direct digital controls (DDC) but are significantly out of balance. The pressure in one school is extremely negative, which is pulling humid air through the facility each time a door is opened. The draft can be felt several feet down the halls. The pressure in the other school is extremely positive relative to the outside, and you can stand 20-feet outside and still feel cool drafts of air exiting the building. It is recommended that humidity sensors be installed in all new projects and retrofitted into exist facilities. In this humid climate, control of humidity is very important. There are significant periods of time when the mechanical systems in many buildings can be unloaded and dehumidification is not required. The use of CO{sub 2} sensors should also be considered in representative areas. CO{sub 2} sensors determine whether spaces are occupied so that fresh air is only brought into the space when needed. By reducing the amount of outside air brought into the space, the humidity load is also substantially reduced. CO{sub 2} and humidity sensors, combined with outside air sensors, can be used to predict whether conditions are amenable to mold growth and to automatically adjust systems to help prevent mold without using extra energy. The goal of this training is to give the building operators the knowledge needed to make positive changes in the operation of building systems. As class participants apply this knowledge, building systems will run more efficiently, occupant comfort should improve, while saving energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Hatley, Darrel D.; Underhill, Ronald M.

2010-09-30

243

A franchising of retail operations : the case of the United States Postal Service building a retail network for the 21st century  

E-print Network

This thesis is about the effects of changing customer preferences on the United States Postal Service's retail network and offers a process for wider adoption of its current retail partnership program. The Contract Postal ...

Sigmon, Kelly M. (Kelly Marie Berg)

2010-01-01

244

Final Safety Analysis Document for Building 693 Chemical Waste Storage Building at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Safety Analysis Document (SAD) for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Building 693, Chemical Waste Storage Building (desipated as Building 693 Container Storage Unit in the Laboratory`s RCRA Part B permit application), provides the necessary information and analyses to conclude that Building 693 can be operated at low risk without unduly endangering the safety of the building operating personnel

R. J. Salazar

1992-01-01

245

Final Safety Analysis Document for Building 693 Chemical Waste Storage Building at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory  

Microsoft Academic Search

This Safety Analysis Document (SAD) for the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) Building 693, Chemical Waste Storage Building (desipated as Building 693 Container Storage Unit in the Laboratory's RCRA Part B permit application), provides the necessary information and analyses to conclude that Building 693 can be operated at low risk without unduly endangering the safety of the building operating personnel

R. J. Salazar

1992-01-01

246

University Buildings Landmark Buildings  

E-print Network

and Civil Engineering T Politics, International Studies and Philosophy V Psychology W Sociology, Social at Queen's 1 Canada Room/Council Chamber 13 Careers, Employability and Skills 24 Centre for Cancer Research Building 1n Development and Alumni Relations 13 Disability Services 8 Drama and Film Centre at Queen's (inc

Müller, Jens-Dominik

247

Impact of 2004 Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Buildings-Related Projects on United States Employment and Earned Income  

SciTech Connect

The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) is interested in assessing the potential economic impacts of its portfolio of projects on national employment and income. A special purpose version of the IMPLAN input-output model called ImBuild II is used in this study of all 37 buildings-related projects reported to the Office of Management and Budget on February 3, 2003 for inclusion in the revised FY 2004 budget request. Energy savings, investments, and impacts on U.S. national employment and earned income are reported by project for selected years to the year 2030. Energy savings and investments from these projects have the potential of creating a total of 297,000 jobs and about $4.16 billion in earned income (2002$) by the year 2030.

Scott, Michael J.; Anderson, David M.; Belzer, David B.; Cort, Katherine A.; Dirks, James A.; Elliott, Douglas B.; Hostick, Donna J.

2003-04-01

248

Ga{sub 3}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 4}F{sub 4}(H{sub 3}DETA) (DETA=diethylenetriamine): A new open-framework fluorinated gallium phosphite with pentameric building unit  

SciTech Connect

Ga{sub 3}(HPO{sub 3}){sub 4}F{sub 4}(H{sub 3}DETA) is a new open-framework fluorinated gallium phosphite obtained by mild hydrothermal synthesis using diethylenetriamine as templated agent and characterized by single crystal X-ray diffraction, the powder X-ray diffraction, IR spectroscopy, TGA, ICP and elemental analyses. It crystallizes in the monoclinic space group C2/c, a=12.741(6) A, b=12.068(6) A, c=11.988(5) A, {beta}=94.902(8){sup o}, V=1836.6(15) A{sup 3}, Z=4. The construction of 3D open-framework structure in the title compound may be viewed as the assembly of pentameric building units and HPO{sub 3} groups. The pentameric building unit is the first to be found, which lead to form the three types of channels along a-, b- and c-axes, respectively, in gallium phosphite. The triprotonated DETA cations are inserted within the 10-membered ring channels and interact with anions of the framework via hydrogen bonds.

Wang Li [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Song Tianyou [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Fan Yong [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Wang Ying [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Xu Jianing [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China); Shi Suhua [Key Laboratory of Inorganic Synthesis and Preparative Chemistry, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)]. E-mail: shish@mail.jlu.edu.cn; Zhu Tao [Key Laboratory for Supramolecular Structure and Materials of Ministry of Education, Jilin University, Changchun 130012 (China)

2006-03-15

249

Moon Munchies: Human Exploration Project Engineering Design Challenge--A Standards-Based Elementary School Model Unit Guide--Design, Build, and Evaluate (Lessons 1-6). Engineering By Design: Advancing Technological Literacy--A Standards-Based Program Series. EP-2007-08-92-MSFC  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this unit, elementary students design and build a lunar plant growth chamber using the Engineering Design Process. The purpose of the unit is to help students understand and apply the design process as it relates to plant growth on the moon. This guide includes six lessons, which meet a number of national standards and benchmarks in…

Weaver, Kim M.

2005-01-01

250

Youth United through Health Education: Building Capacity through a Community Collaborative Intervention to Prevent HIV/STD in Adolescents Residing in a High STD Prevalent Neighborhood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The early detection and treatment of STDs is an effective strategy for slowing the sexual transmission of HIV. The goal of the YUTHE (Youth United Through Health Education) program, a collaborative effort between the San Francisco Department of Public Health (SFDPH) and the University of California, San Francisco, is to increase sexually…

Sieverding, John; Boyer, Cherrie B.; Siller, Jacqueline; Gallaread, Alonzo; Krone, Melissa; Chang, Y. Jason

2005-01-01

251

Assessment of extent and degree of thermal damage to polymeric materials in the Three Mile Island Unit 2 reactor building. Volume VI  

SciTech Connect

Thermal damage to susceptible materials in accessible regions shows damage-distribution patterns that indicate nonuniform intensity of exposure. No clear explanation for nonuniformity is found in existing evidence; e.g., in some regions a lack of thermally susceptible materials frustrates analysis. Elsewhere, burned materials are present next to materials that seem similar but appear unscathed - leading to conjecture that the latter materials preferentially absorb water vapor during periods of high local steam concentration. Most of the polar crane pendant shows heavy burns on one half of its circumferential surface. This evidence suggests that the polar crane pendant side that experienced heaviest burn damage was exposed to intense radiant energy from a transient fire plume in the reactor containment volume. Tests and simple heat-transfer calculations based on pressure and temperature records from the accident show that the atmosphere inside the reactor building was probably 8% hydrogen in air, a value not inconsistent with the extent of burn damage. Burn-pattern geography indicates uniform thermal exposure in the dome volume to the 406-ft level (about 6 ft below the polar crane girder), partial thermal exposure in the volume between the 406- and 347-ft levels as indicated by the polar crane cable, and lack of damage to most thermally susceptible materials in the west quadrant of the reactor building; some evidence of thermal exposure is seen in the free volume between the 305- and 347-ft levels.

Alvares, N.J.

1984-02-01

252

5. Office and warehouse building. Rear elevation. View to southeast. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. Office and warehouse building. Rear elevation. View to southeast. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

253

10. Office and warehouse building. Detail of window at office ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

10. Office and warehouse building. Detail of window at office area, north side wall. View to southwest. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

254

4. Office and warehouse building. North side and rear (west) ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. Office and warehouse building. North side and rear (west) elevation. View to south. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

255

3. Office and warehouse building. North side. View to southwest. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. Office and warehouse building. North side. View to southwest. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

256

7. Office and warehouse building. South side. View to northeast. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

7. Office and warehouse building. South side. View to northeast. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

257

2. Office and warehouse building. Front elevation and north side. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. Office and warehouse building. Front elevation and north side. View to west. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

258

8. Office and warehouse building. South side and front elevation. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

8. Office and warehouse building. South side and front elevation. View to north. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

259

1. Office and warehouse building. Front (east) elevation. View to ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Office and warehouse building. Front (east) elevation. View to northwest. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

260

6. Office and warehouse building. Rear elevation and south side. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. Office and warehouse building. Rear elevation and south side. View to east. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

261

24 CFR 576.55 - Building standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...units, when rehabilitation costs are: (1) 75 percent or more of the replacement cost of the building, that project must meet the requirements...percent of the replacement cost of the building, that project must meet the...

2010-04-01

262

24 CFR 576.55 - Building standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...units, when rehabilitation costs are: (1) 75 percent or more of the replacement cost of the building, that project must meet the requirements...percent of the replacement cost of the building, that project must meet the...

2011-04-01

263

An unusual hybrid fluoride featuring a [V 7F 27] 6- chain motif based on a pyrochlore-like building unit  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A new hybrid vanadium (III) fluoride [C 4H 12N 2] 3[V 7F 27] has been synthesised solvothermally. The crystal structure (trigonal, R3¯ c; a=17.367(2) Å, c=19.604(2) Å) reveals an unusual and novel chain motif consisting of pyrochlore-like heptameric units of corner-sharing octahedra, which are further linked into linear chains of alternating triple and single octahedral groups. The chains are separated by hydrogen-bonded piperazinium moieties. Magnetic susceptibility data show moderate antiferromagnetic interactions but no long-range order above 2 K, consistent with pronounced one-dimensional character, as well as frustration arising within the triangular units of magnetic ions in the chains.

Aldous, David W.; Slawin, Alexandra M. Z.; Lightfoot, Philip

2008-11-01

264

Elementary and Secondary Education: An International Perspective.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report compares elementary and secondary schools in the United States to schools in 11 other countries. It analyzes the role of schools in preparing students either to continue their education or to enter the labor force. It addresses such questions as "Are there more children in poverty in the United States than in other countries?" and…

Perie, Marianne; Sherman, Joel D.; Phillips, Gabriele; Riggan, Matthew; Snyder, Thomas D.

265

Technical assessment of radiation overexposures at Three Mile Island from the August 28, 1979, entry into the Unit 2 Fuel-Handling Building Makeup Valve Room  

SciTech Connect

An entry into the TMI North Makeup Valve Room of the Fuel Handling Building on August 28, 1979, resulted in high indicated beta doses to five operators and an HP foreman/surveyor. Due to the complexity of the working environment, the high-level, fission-product beta fields, and inadequate personnel dosimetry, an extensive study was undertaken to establish the personnel doses received. The Metropolitan Edison Company (Met Ed) submitted a formal over-exposure report of the results of this study to the NRC on December 5, 1979, who in turn issued a contract for an independent evaluation of the dose assessment. The independent evaluation verified that the assigned doses to the skin of the legs and hands were limiting and were conservatively assigned and that the penetrating gamma dose to the body was overly conservative. It was determined that the report did not adequately reflect the quality of the technical evaluation performed in assigning the legal doses of record.

Rich, B.L.; Adams, S.R.

1980-06-01

266

Decomposing Uncertainty in Climate, Socioeconomics and Technological Change for a Decision to Impose Aggressive Building Energy Standards across the United States  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This analysis presents quantification and decomposition of key sources of uncertainty associated with state-level decisions on whether to impose aggressive building energy standards. The research compares uncertainty in future climate model projections, national and international emissions policy, population and economic growth, and technology cost and performance across several states and focuses on three decision criteria--energy savings, savings in greenhouse gas emissions, and costs of the standards. The research utilizes a version of the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), an integrated assessment model that has been regionalized to represent energy demand and supply within each of the 50 U.S. states. A Monte Carlo sampling approach provides 12,000 GCAM runs that are post-processed to provide a rigorous comparison of the relative importance of the modeled sources of uncertainty at the state level when aggressive standards are imposed and identifies the key 'game changers.'

Scott, M. J.; Daly, D. S.; Lansing, C. S.; McJeon, H. C.; Patel, P. L.; Peterson, M. J.; Rice, J.; Zhou, Y.

2013-12-01

267

Burnout and Secondary Trauma Among Forensic Interviewers of Abused Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined factors associated with burnout and secondary trauma among forensic interviewers of abused children. Sixty-six forensic interviewers who are affiliated with advocacy centers across the United States completed an online survey. The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory and Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale were used to measure burnout and secondary trauma, respectively. Results indicate that organizational satisfaction has a moderate inverse

Brian E. Perron; Barbara S. Hiltz

2006-01-01

268

Primary and Secondary Sources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Use these links to learn more about primary and secondary sources. 1. Explore the links below to learn about primary and secondary sources. When you have finished, you should be able to: Tell the difference between primary and secondary sources. Give at least three examples of primary sources and three examples of secondary sources. Explain why primary sources are important in research. Examples of Primary Sources Examples of Primary and Secondary Sources on the Same Topic Genres/Formats of Primary Sources 2. ...

Bates, Albion M.

2010-01-23

269

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

VIEW OF BUILDING 440 LOOKING WEST, NORTHWEST. BUILDING 440, THE TRANSPORT MODIFICATION CENTER, CONSISTS OF FOUR HIGH-BAY CORRUGATED METAL STRUCTURES. BUILDING 440 WAS USED FOR PACKAGING AND STAGING SPECIAL NUCLEAR MATERIALS AND DEPLETED URANIUM FOR SHIPMENT AND TO MODIFY VEHICLES TO MEET SPECIFIC UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY REQUIREMENTS. (2/8/84) - Rocky Flats Plant, Transport Modification Center, North of Cactus Avenue, approximately 400 feet east of Third Street, Golden, Jefferson County, CO

270

Firm responses to secondary stakeholder action  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we explore the conditions under which secondary stakeholder groups are likely to elicit positive firm responses. To this end, we build upon and advance Mitchell, Agle, and Wood's (1997) stakeholder saliency and identification framework by defining saliency in terms of actions, not perceptions, and by proposing that power, legitimacy, and urgency arise out of the nature of

Charles Eesley; Michael J. Lenox

2006-01-01

271

Building Migratory Bridges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Building Migratory Bridges (BOMB) program--a collaboration between the Marvel wood School and Audubon Sharon in Connecticut and Conservation Research Education Action (CR EA), a U.S. not-for-profit in Panama--uses nontropical migratory bird research in the United States and Panama to demonstrate how negative environmental impacts in one…

Roy, Michael; Doss, Laurie K.

2007-01-01

272

Building Trades II.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This packet contains a curriculum guide, a set of lesson plans, a student manual, and a competency test packet for the Building Trades II course, the second year of a 2-year, 2-unit (350 hour) preemployment program for students in grades 11-12. This technical course is designed to develop the basic skills associated with builders. An additional…

Hamlin, Larry

273

Healthy Buildings?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health problems related to school buildings can be categorized in five major areas: sick-building syndrome; health-threatening building materials; environmental hazards such as radon gas and asbestos; lead poisoning; and poor indoor air quality due to smoke, chemicals, and other pollutants. This paper provides an overview of these areas,…

Grubb, Deborah

274

Building Resonance  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This demonstration of how buildings respond to seismic shaking uses cardboard and stiff paper (such as postcards or computer cards). The effects of building resonance can be found by experimenting with taller and shorter buildings, and varying the frequency of shaking.

Barker, Jeffrey

275

Building national public health capacity for managing chemical events: A case study of the development of health protection services in the United Kingdom  

PubMed Central

The revised International Health Regulations (2005) require that countries develop plans for chemical threats. In 2012, the World Health Assembly reported that most countries had not yet achieved ‘adequate capacity'. We review the evolution of chemical hazards services in the United Kingdom, the result of 15 years of grass-roots pressure and an accumulating weight of chemical incidents that eventually convinced the UK Department of Health of the need for a new national public health function, culminating, in 2003, in the creation of the Chemical Hazards Division of the new Health Protection Agency. Ten years later, public health services are again being radically reorganized with the creation of Public Health England, potentially destabilizing health protection arrangements and creating confusion among roles in managing chemical emergencies. Incorporating health protection into a broader public health organization, however, offers a new opportunity to broaden the scope of health protection services to embrace prevention of non-infectious environmental diseases. PMID:23447032

Palmer, Stephen; Coleman, Gary

2013-01-01

276

Multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii infection in intensive care unit patients in a hospital with building construction: is there an association?  

PubMed Central

Background Acinetobacter baumannii (A. baumannii) has emerged globally as a significant pathogen in hospitals. It is also present in soil and water. In a previous study, we discovered that the A. baumannii class 2 integron occurred most frequently. Here, we determined whether the A. baumannii class 2 integron is in the soil around our hospital, and if the soil is the cause for increasing numbers of A. baumannii infections in our intensive care unit (ICU) patients. Methods This cross-sectional prospective study was conducted in two ICUs at Loghman-Hakim Hospital, Tehran, Iran, from November 2012 to March 2013. Patient, soil, and hospital environment samples were collected. All isolates were identified using standard bacteriologic and biochemical methods. The phenotypes and genotypes were characterized. The standard disc diffusion method was utilized to test antimicrobial susceptibility. Integron identification was performed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Results A total of 42 A. baumannii clinical strains were isolated, all from patient samples; 65% of the isolated species were classified as class 2 integrons. The strains were 100% resistant to piperacillin, piperacillin-tazobactam, ceftazidime, ceftriaxone, cotrimoxazole, cefepime, ceropenem, and cefotaxime. However, all of the strains were sensitive to polymyxin B. A. baumannii was detected around the lip of one patient. Conclusions Further research is necessary to establish a relationship between A. baumannii and soil, (especially in regards to its bioremediation), as well as to determine its importance in nosocomial infections and outbreaks in the ICU. PMID:24851165

Kamalbeik, Sepideh; Talaie, Haleh; Mahdavinejad, Arezou; Karimi, Abdollah

2014-01-01

277

Syntheses, structures and properties of two 2-D layered hybrid organic-inorganic materials based on different V4O12 building units.  

PubMed

Two new layered hybrid organic-inorganic compounds [Zn(pyim)]2V4O12 () (pyim = 2-(2-pyridyl)imidazole) and [Cu(bim)2]2V4O12(H2O)·CH3CH2OH () (bim = bis(1-imidazolyl)methane) based on polyoxovanadates (POVs) and organic ligands decorated transition metal units have been synthesized by hydrothermal and solvothermal methods respectively. Single crystal XRD, fluorescence spectrum, magnetic measurement, IR spectra, powder XRD and thermogravimetric (TG) measurements were performed to analyze the structures and properties of and . The structural analysis reveals that compound features a two-dimensional {[Zn(pyim)]2V4O12}n layered structure, constructed by sine wave-like {V4O12}n(4n-) chains, Zn(2+) ions and pyim ligands. In the layered structure of , {V4O12}(4-) circles are connected by Cu(2+) ions to form {Cu(V4O12)}n(2n-) chains, which are further linked by {Cu(bim)4}(2+) subunits to generate a hybrid layer of . The magnetic susceptibility measurement indicates strong antiferromagnetic interactions between Cu(2+) ions in . PMID:24154680

Hou, Wentao; Guo, Jiuyu; Xu, Xiao; Wang, Zuoxiang; Zhang, Deng; Wan, Hongxiang; Song, You; Zhu, Dunru; Xu, Yan

2014-01-14

278

Building long-term constituencies for space exploration: The challenge of raising public awareness and engagement in the United States and in Europe  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Space exploration is a multifaceted endeavor and will be a "grand challenge" of the 21st century. It has already become an element of the political agenda of a growing number of countries worldwide. However, the public is largely unaware of space exploration activities and in particular does not perceive any personal benefit. In order to achieve highly ambitious space exploration goals to explore robotically and with humans the inner solar system, space agencies must improve and expand their efforts to inform and raise the awareness of the public about what they are doing, and why. Therefore adopting new techniques aiming at informing and engaging the public using participatory ways, new communication techniques to reach, in particular, the younger generation will be a prerequisite for a sustainable long-term exploration program: as they will enable it and carry most of the associated financial burden. This paper presents an environmental analysis of space exploration in the United States and Europe and investigates the current branding stature of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the European Space Agency (ESA). We discuss how improved market research and new branding methods can increase public space awareness and improve the image of NASA and ESA. We propose a new participatory approach to engage the public as major stakeholder (along governments, the industrial space sector and the science community) that may provide sufficient resources for and sustainability of a long-term space exploration program.

Ehrenfreund, P.; Peter, N.; Billings, L.

2010-08-01

279

Sampling variability for redesign buildings  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of the relative sampling variability of budget percentiles for building type HDD/CDD matrices are presented for small and large offices, elementary and secondary schools, clinics, gyms, community centers, theaters, stores, shopping centers, storage, nursing homes, hotels, motels, high- and low-rise apartments. (MCW)

Not Available

1980-01-05

280

3. ROADWAY TO THE SOUTH OF BUILDING NO. 1. AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. ROADWAY TO THE SOUTH OF BUILDING NO. 1. AT FAR LEFT IS THE SHADOW OF BUILDING NO. 6 (WAREHOUSE). ALSO VISIBLE AT THE LEFT IS BUILDING NO. 4 (BOILER HOUSE), BUILDING NO. 3 (GATE HOUSE), AND BUILDING NO. 2 (OFFICE BUILDING). IN THE RIGHT FOREGROUND IS BUILDING NO. 10 (ELECTRICAL SERVICES AND SWITCHING STATION). - United Engineering Company Shipyard, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

281

Educational Technology. Hearing of the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions, United States Senate, One Hundred Sixth Congress, First Session, on Examining Legislation Authorizing Funds for the Elementary Secondary Education Act, Focusing on Education Technology Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This hearing before the Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions on examining legislation authorizing funds for the Elementary Secondary Education Act, focusing on educational technology programs, contains statements by: James M Jeffords, Chairman, Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions; Barbara Means, Assistant…

Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions.

282

Secondary Deformation Within the Huckleberry Ridge Tuff and Subjacent Pliocene Units Near the Teton Dam: Road Log to the Regional Geology of the Eastern Margin of the Snake River Plain, Idaho  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed geologic mapping has revealed that a 20 km by 20 km area between the south flank of Big Bend Ridge and the Teton River, has been involved in gravity sliding and secondary flow. A sheet consisting of 130 m of 2 Ma Huckleberry Ridge Tuff and at least 30 m of underlying alluvial gravel, basalts, and tuffaceous lacustrine sediments

Glenn F. Embree; Roger D. Hoggan

283

A Survey of Science Teaching in the Public Secondary Schools of the Plains, Rocky Mountain, and Southeast Regions of the United States in the 1970-71 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to obtain information relevant to the practices, policies, and conditions related to the teaching of science in the public secondary schools. Subproblems investigated selected material characteristics, selected teacher characteristics as they related to science teachers, to the selection of specific learning…

Baker, James Houston

284

Building Houses  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Build a house you can fit inside, using cardboard tubes. Variations of this activity include building for a toy (easier) or building a house the right size for a stuffed animal or a garage for a toy car. Also included is an option to build houses inspired by those around the world (harder). This activity focuses on the understanding of sizes and shapes: Can I fit in this if I stand up? if I sit? Do we have enough cardboard tubes to make a triangular roof? This activity is available as a webpage and a downloadable pdf. Students should have the ability to use scissors and tape well.

2010-01-01

285

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations  

E-print Network

UNECE United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization Economic Commission for Europe of the United Nations TRADE OF SECONDARY PROCESSED WOOD AND PAPER PRODUCTS 2000 - 2003 UNITED NATIONS #12;UNECE/FAO Trade of Secondary Processed Wood and Paper Products, 2000-2003 2 Table of Contents Notes

286

Building Technology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

From residential houses to hundred-story skyscrapers, many different technologies come together to make a building safe and comfortable. Building design is a continually changing industry, and new advances are being made possible as research progresses.Sustainable development is gaining popularity worldwide in an effort to minimize environmental impact. The Center for Resourceful Building Technology (1) maintains an online guide that describes building practices that are resource-efficient; some information on the center's research projects is also available. Similar in topic is this report from the National Association of Home Builders Research Center (2). The 70-page document is the final report of an April 2003 conference on green building; it gives day-by-day summaries of presentations and activities in which the conference participants were involved. Office buildings have a number of design issues that need to be considered to make a productive work environment. One such issue is the acoustics in a cubicle workspace. The Canadian Institute for Research in Construction (3) discusses some design factors that can improve privacy even in the very open atmosphere of closely spaced cubicles. In the wake of the 2001 anthrax scare, a research project at Pennsylvania State University has garnered significant attention. This paper (4) introduces immune buildings, which have advanced ventilation and air filtration systems that can mitigate the danger caused by airborne pathogens. Experimental results from the project are also presented. The US Department of Energy High Performance Building Initiative (5) is investigating new technologies to make commercial buildings more comfortable and cost effective. Several interesting technical papers and introductory reports are given on the initiative's homepage, including a technology road map for high performance buildings. This essay from the June 2003 issue of Constructech Magazine (6) highlights a movement toward integrated control systems for all types of buildings. The author notes that having a unified system that automatically manages security, lighting, energy, and several other building operations can save time and money in the long run. Another article, written by a member of the Partnership for Advanced Technology in Housing (7), discusses building materials and practices that can improve residential installation's resistance to major storms and natural disasters. An example of an area that is using these weather resistant designs is in Florida; the article cites the vulnerability of coastal homes to hurricanes and outlines some efforts to build them in a more structurally sound manner. Lastly, the Commercial Modular Construction Magazine (8) is a quarterly publication that centers on permanent and temporary modular building design. The second issue of 2003 has, among other things, a good article that describes the basics and benefits of modular construction.

Leske, Cavin.

287

High Performance Buildings Database  

DOE Data Explorer

The High Performance Buildings Database is a shared resource for the building industry, a unique central repository of in-depth information and data on high-performance, green building projects across the United States and abroad. The database includes information on the energy use, environmental performance, design process, finances, and other aspects of each project. Members of the design and construction teams are listed, as are sources for additional information. In total, up to twelve screens of detailed information are provided for each project profile. Projects range in size from small single-family homes or tenant fit-outs within buildings to large commercial and institutional buildings and even entire campuses. The database is a data repository as well. A series of Web-based data-entry templates allows anyone to enter information about a building project into the database. Once a project has been submitted, each of the partner organizations can review the entry and choose whether or not to publish that particular project on its own Web site.

288

"Systematic Synthesis of a Metal Organic Framework Based on Triangular Cu3(?3-OH) Secondary Building Units: From a 0-D Complex, to an 1-D Chain and a 3-D Lattice"  

PubMed Central

Reactions of Cu(CF3SO3)2 and pyrazole in methanolic solutions in the presence of stoichiometric amounts of py, py/4,4?-bpy, or 4,4?-bpy have yielded two new complexes [Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(py)3](CF3SO3)2·0.5H2O (1) and [{Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(py)2}2(?-4,4?-bpy)](CF3SO3)4 (2), a one-dimensional coordination polymer, {[Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(py)(?-4,4?-bpy)](CF3SO3)2·0.5H2O}n (3), and a three-dimensional, eight-fold interpenetrated extended lattice, {[Cu3(?3-OH)(?-pz)3(?-4,4?-bpy)1.5](CF3SO3)2·1.5H2O}n (4). PMID:20625464

Rivera-Carrillo, Marlyn; Chakraborty, Indranil; Raptis, Raphael G.

2010-01-01

289

DIAMOND SECONDARY EMITTER  

SciTech Connect

We present the design and experimental progress on the diamond secondary emitter as an electron source for high average power injectors. The design criteria for average currents up to 1 A and charge up to 20 nC are established. Secondary Electron Yield (SEY) exceeding 200 in transmission mode and 50 in emission mode have been measured. Preliminary results on the design and fabrication of the self contained capsule with primary electron source and secondary electron emitter will also be presented.

BEN-ZVI, I.; RAO, T.; BURRILL, A.; CHANG, X.; GRIMES, J.; RANK, J.; SEGALOV, Z.; SMEDLEY, J.

2005-10-09

290

New Mexico State Secondary School Science-Based Nutrition Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides instructional materials for a 10-unit secondary-level science-based nutrition course. Each unit contains some or all of the following components: a summary sheet for each function, including generalizations with corresponding objectives, additional learning activities, and additional resources; unit outline; pretest;…

Ecklund, Susan, Ed.; Smalley, Katherine, Ed.

291

Nigeria: Teaching Plans and Materials for Secondary Teachers and Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication contains teacher developed units of study to teach secondary students about Nigerian history, government, geography, industry, and family life. The units are: Sources of Historical Information; History of Benin; Constitutions; Nigeria and the United States; Elections in Nigeria; Nigerian Diplomacy; and Family in Nigeria.…

Andriot, Karen; And Others

292

Building a Spectroscope  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students learn about the variations of white light in this Moveable Museum unit, in which they build a pocket-sized spectroscope from readily available materials and examine different light sources in school, at home, and around their town or city. The seven-page PDF guide includes suggested general background readings for educators, activity and safety notes, step-by-step directions, and a spectroscope template.

293

Hyperaldosteronism - primary and secondary  

MedlinePLUS

... hormone aldosterone into the blood. Hyperaldosteronism can be primary or secondary. ... Primary hyperaldosteronism is due to a problem of the adrenal glands themselves, causing them to release too ...

294

Secondary Mathematics Teachers' Knowledge of Slope  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study, conducted in the United States, investigated secondary mathematics teachers' concept definitions, mathematical understanding, and pedagogical content knowledge of slope. Surveys were collected from 18 preservice and 21 inservice teachers; 8 teachers from each group were also interviewed. Geometric ratios dominated teachers' concept definitions of slope. Problems involving the recognition of parameters, the interpretation of graphs, and rate of

Sheryl Stump

1999-01-01

295

Secondary Schools for Academically Talented Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many American high school students are bored with the slow pace and lack of intellectual challenge of the standard, inclusive, school curriculum (Feldhusen and Kroll, 1991; Feldhusen, Wood, Dai, 1997). With increased public funding and awareness in gifted education over the last three decades (U.S.O.E., 1993), there has been large growth in the number of secondary schools in the United

John F. Feldhusen; Jeremy Boggess

2000-01-01

296

Secondary Literacy Coaching: A Macedonian Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Vocational high schools in the Republic of Macedonia are making efforts to add content literacy and learning strategies to their curricula through Secondary Education Activity (SEA). SEA is a collaboration of the government of Macedonia, the International Reading Association, the American Institutes for Research, and the United States Agency for…

Sturtevant, Elizabeth G.; Linek, Wayne M.

2007-01-01

297

Building debris  

E-print Network

This thesis relates architectural practices to intelligent use of resources and the reuse of derelict spaces. The initial investigation of rammed earth as a building material is followed by site-specific operations at the ...

Dahmen, Joseph (Joseph F. D.)

2006-01-01

298

Library Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines a century of library architecture in relation to the changing perceptions of library functions, the development of building techniques and materials, fluctuating esthetic fashions and sometimes wildly erratic economic climates. (Author)

Allen, Walter C.

1976-01-01

299

Building Sandcastles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this interactive application young children become familiar with 3-dimensional shapes by matching a variety of shapes in order to build a sandcastle. There are two levels of play, parent pointers, and hints to help out along the way.

2014-01-01

300

Team Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Employee involvement, teams, and employee empowerment enable people to make decisions about their work. This employee involvement, teambuilding approach, and employee empowerment increases loyalty and fosters ownership. These links tell you how to do team building and effectively involve people.

About.com (About.com)

2011-08-18

301

Better Buildings  

E-print Network

on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent... on capital ? Delaware State University secured construction financing via the Delaware Sustainable Energy Utility?s Energy Efficiency Construction Bonds for an energy services performance contract across 26 buildings that will result in 25 percent...

Neukomm, M.

2012-01-01

302

Future of Secondary Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the major forces related to economic factors that effect the future of secondary services are growth of primary literature and expansion of secondary products; migration of use from print products to tape products; new technology and impact on production of products and services; and redefinition of user as end user. (EJS)

Neufeld, M. Lynne

1983-01-01

303

Secondary fuel delivery system  

DOEpatents

A secondary fuel delivery system for delivering a secondary stream of fuel and/or diluent to a secondary combustion zone located in the transition piece of a combustion engine, downstream of the engine primary combustion region is disclosed. The system includes a manifold formed integral to, and surrounding a portion of, the transition piece, a manifold inlet port, and a collection of injection nozzles. A flowsleeve augments fuel/diluent flow velocity and improves the system cooling effectiveness. Passive cooling elements, including effusion cooling holes located within the transition boundary and thermal-stress-dissipating gaps that resist thermal stress accumulation, provide supplemental heat dissipation in key areas. The system delivers a secondary fuel/diluent mixture to a secondary combustion zone located along the length of the transition piece, while reducing the impact of elevated vibration levels found within the transition piece and avoiding the heat dissipation difficulties often associated with traditional vibration reduction methods.

Parker, David M. (Oviedo, FL); Cai, Weidong (Oviedo, FL); Garan, Daniel W. (Orlando, FL); Harris, Arthur J. (Orlando, FL)

2010-02-23

304

75 FR 23196 - Exchange Visitor Program-Secondary School Students  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...opportunity to study in the United...private secondary schools for an academic...assurance monitoring on behalf of student...there is no uniform criminal history...jurisdictions, no uniform practice in...General's Report on Criminal History...the Secondary School Student program's...higher-education studies but who...

2010-05-03

305

Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

2005-01-01

306

The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

Pfleger, Margo

307

Occupational Therapists' Beliefs and Involvement with Secondary Transition Planning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to investigate the involvement and beliefs toward possible involvement of occupational therapy in one geographical area of the United States in regard to secondary transition planning for students with disabilities. Secondary transition planning is mandated by federal legislature and occurs while the student is…

Mankey, Tina A.

2011-01-01

308

A Model and Strategies for Realizing Secondary Level Interdisciplinary Instruction.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses strategies that can be used to realize interdisciplinary instruction at the secondary level and details a sample curriculum that employs themes related to human nutrition. The Secondary Level Interdisciplinary Curriculum is organized around five thematic units that present nutrition issues highly relevant to adolescents:…

Rye, James A.; Campbell, Star; Bardwell, Jenny

309

Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings  

SciTech Connect

Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the Solar Savings Fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit-to-unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several-day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top-floor and south-wall variations.

Balcomb, J.D.

1982-01-01

310

Passive solar concepts for multistory buildings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Multistory buildings long in the east-west direction and short in the north-south direction offer good opportunity for passive solar application. If each unit within the building is designed so that the solar savings fraction is the same, each will respond to the weather the same way and no unit to unit heat distribution is needed. A numerical example for Denver is given indicating excellent thermal performance and a several day thermal response time. Solutions involving distribution of heat from unit to unit are also discussed as well as top floor and south wall variations.

Balcomb, J. D.

311

6. A VIEW TOWARD THE EAST SIDE OF BUILDING NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. A VIEW TOWARD THE EAST SIDE OF BUILDING NO. 1, SHOWING THE OFFICE SECTION AT THE SOUTHEAST CORNER. BUILDING NO. 18 (ENGINEERING BUILDING) IS VISIBLE IN THE CENTER DISTANCE, AND BUILDING NO. 12 (OFFICE/SUBSTATION) AT THE RIGHT. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

312

Building and Fire Research Portal  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The National Institute of Science and TechnologyâÂÂs (NIST) building and fire research programs look to forecast the needs of the building and fire industries in the United States, and provide tools for innovative technologies. This web site is loaded with fresh ideas about net-zero energy high-performance buildings, construction productivity, sustainable infrastructure materials, fire protection, and disaster-resilient structures and communities. Read about Construction Integration, Cybernetic Building Systems, and Disaster and Failure Studies. Peruse the site by Instruments, Latest Publications, and News and Events. An especially interesting Related Link takes readers to the World Trade Center Disaster Investigation, a FEMA funded analysis of the building failures that contributed to the September 11, 2001 tragedy.

2010-02-19

313

Building Tall  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this engineering activity (page 2 of PDF), young learners investigate how a wide base can make a building more stable. Learners use blocks or boxes of different sizes to construct stable towers. Learners will compare and contrast different structures, document their observations, experiment with different materials, and conduct stability tests. This activity is part of the Curious George "Under Construction" lesson plan and related to the show Curious George on PBS, specifically the episode "Curious George's Home for Pigeons." The lesson plan includes several activities that explore building engineering. Activities are connected to fiction and non-fiction books and include family extension projects.

Kids, Pbs

2006-01-01

314

Secondary Alkaline Batteries.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report on secondary alkaline batteries covers the overall reactions (charge/discharge characteristics), electrode structures and materials, and cell construction. The following batteries are studied, nickel oxide-cadmium, nickel oxide-iron, nickel ox...

J. McBreen

1984-01-01

315

Neuropathy secondary to drugs  

MedlinePLUS

Neuropathy secondary to drugs is a loss of sensation or movement in a part of the body ... weakness. Many medications may affect the development of neuropathy, including: Heart or blood pressure medications Amiodarone Hydralazine ...

316

Are colors Secondary Qualities?  

E-print Network

Introduction: Seventeenth- and eighteenth-century discussions of the senses are often thought to contain a profound truth: some perceptible properties are secondary qualities, dispositions to produce certain sorts of ...

Byrne, Alex

317

4. DETAIL ALONG WEST SIDE, SHOWING EXTERIOR STAIRWAY, BUILDING NO. ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. DETAIL ALONG WEST SIDE, SHOWING EXTERIOR STAIRWAY, BUILDING NO. 1 IN THE CENTER DISTANCE, AND ONE OF THE BENDING SHOPS AT RIGHT. - United Engineering Company Shipyard, Engineering Building, 2900 Main Street, Alameda, Alameda County, CA

318

6. BUILDING 22 WITH A VARIETY OF LANDSCAPING STYLES IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

6. BUILDING 22 WITH A VARIETY OF LANDSCAPING STYLES IN FOREGROUND, BUILDING 23 IN REAR, FACING NORTHEAST. - Aluminum City Terrace, 2-3 Bedroom Unit Type, East Hill Drive, New Kensington, Westmoreland County, PA

319

Space Station Freedom secondary power wiring requirements  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Secondary power is produced by DDCU's (direct current to direct current converter units) and routed to and through secondary power distribution assemblies (SPDA's) to loads or tertiary distribution assemblies. This presentation outlines requirements of Space Station Freedom (SSF) EEE (electrical, electronic, and electromechanical) parts wire and the approved electrical wire and cable. The SSF PDRD (Program Definition and Requirements Document) language problems and resolution are reviewed. The cable routing to and from the SPDA's is presented as diagrams and the wire recommendations and characteristics are given.

Sawyer, C. R.

1994-01-01

320

Secondary psychoses: an update  

PubMed Central

Psychotic disorders due to a known medical illness or substance use are collectively termed secondary psychoses. In this paper, we first review the historic evolution of the concept of secondary versus primary psychosis and how this distinction supplanted the earlier misleading classification of psychoses into organic and functional. We then outline the clinical features and approach to the diagnosis of secondary psychotic disorders. Features such as atypical presentation, temporal relation to detectable medical cause, evidence of direct physiological causal relationship to the etiological agent, and the absence of evidence of a primary psychotic illness that may better explain the presentation suggest consideration of a secondary psychosis. Finally, we discuss how careful studies of secondary psychotic disorders can help elucidate the pathophysiology of primary, or idiopathic, psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia. We illustrate this issue through a discussion of three secondary psychotic disorders — psychoses associated with temporal lobe epilepsy, velocardiofacial syndrome, and N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor encephalitis — that can, respectively, provide neuroanatomical, genetic, and neurochemical models of schizophrenia pathogenesis. PMID:23471787

Keshavan, Matcheri S; Kaneko, Yoshio

2013-01-01

321

Building Optimisation: Re-commissioning Your Building to Deliver Peak Performance  

E-print Network

Building Optimisation: Re-commissioning Your Building to Deliver Peak Performance Tamer Qazi Energy Solutions Architect Schneider Electric Dubai, United Arab Emirates ABSTRACT Every building undergoes changes over time..., it is possible, with minimal expense, to bring a building to the best possible operation level, resulting in improved comfort and energy savings of 5 to 15%. WHAT IS RECOMMISSIONING? In it simplest terms, recommissioning is defined as a recalibration...

Qazi, T.

2010-01-01

322

Building Sinusoids  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the author describes the development and implementation of a measurement-based group activity designed to support students in understanding the connection between angle magnitude and the shape of the sine function. She explains that the benefit of this activity is that it allows students to build their trigonometric knowledge…

Landers, Mara G.

2013-01-01

323

Building Trust.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes how an initial $1,500 grant helped build a desperately needed health clinic on the Pine Ridge Reservation. Provides the history of the clinic, from its beginning as a small grant to its ultimate development into a $400,000 solar-heated health clinic with a staff of 9 people, including a full-time physician. (MAB)

Ambler, Marjane

1994-01-01

324

Laboratory Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for flexibility in science research facilities is discussed, with emphasis on the effect of that need on the design of laboratories. The relationship of office space, bench space, and special equipment areas, and the location and distribution of piping and air conditioning, are considered particularly important. This building type study…

Barnett, Jonathan

325

Implications of Secondary Aftershocks for Failure Processes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

When a seismic sequence with more than one mainshock or an unusually large aftershock occurs, there is a compound aftershock sequence. The secondary aftershocks need not have exactly the same decay as the primary sequence, with the differences having implications for the failure process. When the stress step from the secondary mainshock is positive but not large enough to cause immediate failure of all the remaining primary aftershocks, failure processes which involve accelerating slip will produce secondary aftershocks that decay more rapidly than primary aftershocks. This is because the primary aftershocks are an accelerated version of the background seismicity, and secondary aftershocks are an accelerated version of the primary aftershocks. Real stress perturbations may be negative, and heterogeneities in mainshock stress fields mean that the real world situation is quite complicated. I will first describe and verify my picture of secondary aftershock decay with reference to a simple numerical model of slipping faults which obeys rate and state dependent friction and lacks stress heterogeneity. With such a model, it is possible to generate secondary aftershock sequences with perturbed decay patterns, quantify those patterns, and develop an analysis technique capable of correcting for the effect in real data. The secondary aftershocks are defined in terms of frequency linearized time s(T), which is equal to the number of primary aftershocks expected by a time T, $ s ? ? t=0T n(t) dt, where the start time t=0 is the time of the primary aftershock, and the primary aftershock decay function n(t) is extrapolated forward to the times of the secondary aftershocks. In the absence of secondary sequences the function s(T)$ re-scales the time so that approximately one event occurs per new time unit; the aftershock sequence is gone. If this rescaling is applied in the presence of a secondary sequence, the secondary sequence is shaped like a primary aftershock sequence, and can be fit by the same modeling techniques applied to simple sequences. The later part of the presentation will concern the decay of Hector Mine aftershocks as influenced by the Landers aftershocks. Although attempts to predict the abundance of Hector aftershocks based on stress overlap analysis are not very successful, the analysis does do a good job fitting the decay of secondary sequences.

Gross, S. J.

2001-12-01

326

2. PRINTING AND ADVERTISING BUILDING, ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, MERCHANDISE BUILDING, AND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. PRINTING AND ADVERTISING BUILDING, ADMINISTRATION BUILDING, MERCHANDISE BUILDING, AND GARDEN, VIEW TO SOUTHWEST - Sears Roebuck & Company Mail Order Plant, Bounded by Lexington & Grenshaw Streets, Kedzie Avenue & Independence Boulevard, Chicago, Cook County, IL

327

Methodology for Rating a Building's Overall Performance based on the ASHRAE/CIBSE/USGBC Performance Measurement Protocols for Commercial Buildings  

E-print Network

This study developed and applied a field test to evaluate the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE)/Chartered Institute of Building Services Engineers (CIBSE)/United States Green Building Council (USGBC...

Kim, Hyojin 1981-

2012-11-14

328

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in Australia  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America (U.S.). This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in Australia, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, and lighting) for commercial and residential buildings in Australia.

Shui, Bin; Evans, Meredydd; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-02

329

Country Report on Building Energy Codes in India  

SciTech Connect

This report is part of a series of reports on building energy efficiency codes in countries associated with the Asian Pacific Partnership (APP) - Australia, South Korea, Japan, China, India, and the United States of America. This reports gives an overview of the development of building energy codes in India, including national energy policies related to building energy codes, history of building energy codes in India, recent national projects and activities to promote building energy codes. The report also provides a review of current building energy codes (such as building envelope, HVAC, lighting, and water heating) for commercial buildings in India.

Evans, Meredydd; Shui, Bin; Somasundaram, Sriram

2009-04-07

330

Modeling Data- Building Permit Data  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson uses data from the United States Federal Statistics database to help students in understanding how to determine a mathematical model that best fits a data set. Students will plot building permit data over a period of time for specific cities in the United States. They will also make predictions about the number of permits issued for a particular year. Student materials are available for download here (first row, second column of table).

2010-12-22

331

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations  

E-print Network

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Economic Commission markets and policies, 2002-2004 Highlights · Forest law enforcement, governance and trade policies are being developed as countries build partnerships to control illegal logging and the trade of forest

332

Building Specifications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The building in the top photo is the new home of the National Permanent Savings Bank in Washington, D.C., designed by Hartman-Cox Architects. Its construction was based on a money-saving method of preparing building specifications which derived from NASA technology developed to obtain quality construction while holding down cost of launch facilities, test centers and other structures. Written technical specifications spell out materials and components to be used on construction projects and identify the quality tests each item must pass. Specifications can have major impact on construction costs. Poorly formulated specifications can lead to unacceptable construction which must be replaced, unnecessarily high materials costs, safety hazards, disputes and often additional costs due to delays and litigation. NASA's Langley Research Center developed a novel approach to providing accurate, uniform, cost-effective specifications which can be readily updated to incorporate new building technologies. Called SPECSINTACT, it is a computerized - system accessible to all NASA centers involved in construction programs. The system contains a comprehensive catalog of master specifications applicable to many types of construction. It enables designers of any structure to call out relevant sections from computer storage and modify them to fit the needs of the project at hand. Architects and engineers can save time by concentrating their efforts on needed modifications rather than developing all specifications from scratch. Successful use of SPECSINTACT has led to a number of spinoff systems. One of the first was MASTERSPEC, developed from NASA's experience by Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., an organization established by the American Institute of Architects. MASTERSPEC, used in construction of the bank building pictured, follows the same basic format as SPECSINTACT and can be used in either automated or manual modes. The striking appearance of the bank building shows that, while MASTERSPEC saves time and money, its use involves no sacrfice in architectural design freedom. The Naval Engineering Facilities Command employs an automated specifications system based on SPECSINTACT. The Public Buildings Service of the General Services Administration used SPECSINTACT as a starting point in a plan to make its guideline specifications available to architects and engineers on a nationwide computer network. Public Technology, Inc., a NASA Technology Application Team, is working with Production Systems for Architects and Engineers, Inc., to promote widespread use of the system by state and local governments for cost benefits to taxpayers.

1978-01-01

333

Building Buildings with Triangular Numbers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Triangular numbers are used to unravel a new sequence of natural numbers here-to-fore not appearing on the Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences website. Insight is provided on the construction of the sequence using "buildings" as a viewable model of the sequence entries. A step-by-step analysis of the sequence pattern reveals a method for generating…

Pagni, David L.

2006-01-01

334

Mississippi Curriculum Framework for Electronics (Program CIP: 47.0190--Electronics (Secondary)). Secondary Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, which reflects Mississippi's statutory requirement that instructional programs be based on core curricula and performance-based assessment, contains outlines of the instructional units required in local instructional management plans and daily lesson plans for two secondary-level courses in electronics: electronics I and II.…

Mississippi Research and Curriculum Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, State College.

335

Secondary Education and Emancipation: Secondary Schools for Freed Slaves in the American South, 1862-1875  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Slavery in the United States denied education to the enslaved. Yet within fifteen years of the beginning of the American Civil War and the freeing of four million American slaves, the freed people and their supporters elaborated a full system of universal education in the South, including over 120 secondary and higher institutions. Historians have…

Butchart, Ronald E.; Rolleri, Amy F.

2004-01-01

336

E-Cloud Build-up in Grooved Chambers  

SciTech Connect

We simulate electron cloud build-up in a grooved vacuumchamber including the effect of space charge from the electrons. Weidentify conditions for e-cloud suppression and make contact withprevious estimates of an effective secondary electron yield for groovedsurfaces.

Venturini, Marco

2007-05-01

337

Build a Hydro Generator  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource for secondary physical science gives step-by-step instructions for building a water-powered electric generator from plastic spoons. The model closely resembles real micro-hydro designs, and can produce enough electricity to light a small light bulb. The 9-page construction plans may be freely downloaded and are organized for first-time builders. Comprehensive background information is provided on water power and renewable energy. All materials can be readily purchased from hardware or grocery stores. Links are also provided to animated tours of hydroelectric plants and giant turbines. This item is part of a collection of K-12 projects on renewable energy sources and clean energy technology. Registered teacher-users have access to a complete lesson plan with tips for teaching.

2007-11-27

338

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This site offers several sets of questions for students to answer about where mountain ranges are located and why they are where they are. Many of the questions have links to more information and/or images. Questions address the role of plate tectonics in the process of mountain building. A computer isn't necessary to answer the questions, but is highly recommended so that the students can use the links provided. These questions require some prior knowledge of the content.

339

Building Bridges  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this lesson, students build bridges from arithmetical to algebraic thinking by exploring problems that are not limited to single-solution responses. Values organized into tables and graphs are used to move toward symbolic representations. Problem situations at the middle school level involve linear, quadratic, and exponential models. The site is valuable not only for its problems for students but also for the teaching strategy illustrated here.

Day, Roger; Illustrations, Nctm

2000-01-01

340

Bridge Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a quick activity (on page 2 of the PDF) about how the arrangement of carbon atoms determines carbon's different properties. Learners will build bridges with Post-It notes that model two types of carbon molecules, graphite and carbon nanotubes, and test which structure of the same material can bear the weight of the most pennies. Also relates to linked video, DragonflyTV Nano: Hockey Sticks.

Twin Cities Public Television, Inc.

2008-01-01

341

Mountain Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity is part of a series of lessons in a continuing study of change. It is designed to give students hands-on experience manipulating and controlling the variables involved in the process of soil erosion. They will be able to identify variables that influence rates of change and use group consensus to design and build what they believe to be the strongest mountain possible.

1998-01-01

342

Creating Energy-Efficient Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper was presented during the time the author was president of the Council of Educational Facility Planners, International, (CEFP/I). The presentation begins with a summary of the state of the world's natural gas and petroleum supplies and states that since one-third of all energy consumed in the United States is to heat and cool buildings

Burr, Donald F.

343

Protein secondary structure prediction.  

PubMed

While the prediction of a native protein structure from sequence continues to remain a challenging problem, over the past decades computational methods have become quite successful in exploiting the mechanisms behind secondary structure formation. The great effort expended in this area has resulted in the development of a vast number of secondary structure prediction methods. Especially the combination of well-optimized/sensitive machine-learning algorithms and inclusion of homologous sequence information has led to increased prediction accuracies of up to 80%. In this chapter, we will first introduce some basic notions and provide a brief history of secondary structure prediction advances. Then a comprehensive overview of state-of-the-art prediction methods will be given. Finally, we will discuss open questions and challenges in this field and provide some practical recommendations for the user. PMID:20221928

Pirovano, Walter; Heringa, Jaap

2010-01-01

344

Curriculum Guide for Art in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary school curriculum guide is written in outline form to simplify the planning of a design-oriented art program. For each of 15 design units, a step-by-step set of instructions is given. Each unit is presented in three stages, each of which is a complete lesson in design. Materials and tools necessary for lesson preparation, motivation…

Chicago Board of Education, IL.

345

Building Systems: Passing Fad or Basic Tool?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building systems can be traced back to a 1516 A.D. project by Leonardo da Vinci and to a variety of prefabrication projects in every succeeding century. When integrated into large and repetitive spatial units through careful design, building systems can produce an architecture of the first order, as evidenced in the award winning design of…

Rezab, Donald

346

Energy flux optimization in future buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

With the steadily increase of electrical power demand, the pressure on the power grid as well as electricity power bills keep rising. One way of resolving the first issue consists of building more traditional power generation units (fossil, nuclear, hydroelectric …) and building a stronger grid. However, with the democratization of alternative green energy sources more elegant solutions are now

Y. Stauffer; E. Onillon; L. Lisowski; C. Meier; P. Theurillat; B. Roustom; G. Francecscutto; R. Marquis; A. Closset; A. Toth

2011-01-01

347

Children's Perspectives on Building Science Models  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes the experiences of 10- and 11-year-old students with building science models during a unit on weather. With the teacher, we prepared and gathered materials for the students to use in the building of dynamic physical models demonstrating the key features of the weather concepts they were learning. An important aspect of the…

Sherman, Ann; MacDonald, A. Leo

2006-01-01

348

Secondary syphilis and HIV  

PubMed Central

Syphilis has been termed the “great mimic” due to its versatile and varied disease presentations. Dermatological findings are associated with the secondary phase of the disease and typically consist of a generalized papular eruption that can involve the palms and soles, genitals, and mucous membranes. Patients with syphilis and concomitant HIV infection may have altered presentations. We report a case of a 41-year-old HIV-positive man who presented with a papular rash of a few months' duration and was diagnosed with secondary syphilis. PMID:22275795

Dhaliwal, Shagun; Patel, Mahir

2012-01-01

349

Jamming, Two-Fluid Behavior, and ``Self-Filtration'' in Concentrated Particulate Suspensions School of Physics, University of Edinburgh, Kings Buildings, Mayfield Road, Edinburgh EH9 3JZ, United Kingdom  

E-print Network

and granular media with a ``two-fluid-like'' picture of the flow of concentrated suspensions. Results are also of particles in liquid solvents are ubiquitous in ``soft matter'' technology (cosmetics, foods, building

Weeks, Eric R.

350

Integrated power unit combustion apparatus and method  

Microsoft Academic Search

The invention relates to secondary power system apparatus and method for use aboard aircraft in place of conventional auxiliary power units (APU's) and emergency power units (EPU's). The invention integrated power unit (IPU) performs the function of both an APU and an EPU, while avoiding the use of hazardous monofuels. The IPU includes a turbine engine operable on pressurized ambient

R. M. Klaass; B. J. Minshall; F. J. Suriano; W. Caan

1994-01-01

351

Teaching About the United States in Europe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies five major aims for teaching about the United States in European secondary schools. Presents the content of eight themes for achieving these aims: (1) stereotypes; (2) location; (3) environmental diversity; (4) human response; (5) the peopling of the United States; (6) the U. S. political system; (7) the United States as a global power;…

Robinson, Alastair

1986-01-01

352

TEACHERS' CONCEPTIONS OF PROOF IN THE CONTEXT OF SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current reform efforts in the United States are calling for substantial changes in the nature and role of proof in secondary school mathematics - changes designed to provide all students with rich opportunities and experiences with proof throughout the entire secondary school mathematics curriculum. This study examined 17 experienced secondary school mathematics teachers' conceptions of proof from their perspectives as

ERIC J. KNUTH

2002-01-01

353

Cosmetology. Secondary Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide is designed to offer guidelines along with supporting resources and teaching ideas from which the local secondary instructor can extract a cosmetology curriculum that meets local needs. Following an outline of the philosophy and goals underlying state and local vocational education programs in Georgia, the purpose and…

Moye, Michael D.; And Others

354

Secondary metabolism in tobacco  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tobacco has been quite well studied phytochemically, more than 2500 compounds have been identified. Here, the secondary metabolism in tobacco will be reviewed in a biosynthetic perspective. Major groups of compounds which have extensively been studied are the isoprenoids, alkaloids, cinnamoylputrescines, flavonoids, and anthocyanins. Their biosynthetic pathways and its regulation, and their occurrence in cell cultures and in intact plants

Laurentius H. Nugroho; Robert Verpoorte

2002-01-01

355

Dynamics of secondary forests  

Microsoft Academic Search

The succession of tropical secondary forests on abandoned agricultural fields has been studied since long, most often by comparing stands of different age since abandonment. These so-called chronosequence studies have yielded much insight in general patterns of succession and the constraints and conditions that affect the course of succession (shortly reviewed in chapter 1). Successional dynamics, however, are inferred rather

Breugel van M

2007-01-01

356

Secondary alkaline batteries  

SciTech Connect

This report on secondary alkaline batteries covers the overall reactions (charge/discharge characteristics), electrode structures and materials, and cell construction. The following batteries are studied, nickel oxide-cadmium, nickel oxide-iron, nickel oxide-hydrogen, nickel oxide-zinc, silver oxide-zinc, and silver oxide-cadmium, silver oxide-iron, and manganese dioxide-zinc batteries.

McBreen, J.

1984-03-01

357

Secondary Services in Physics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The basic characteristics of sixty-nine secondary services in physics were analyzed in terms of sponsorship and distribution by: (1) country of origin, (2) language, (3) age, (4) frequency of publication, (5) subject and geographical coverage and (6) size. The eight major services, in terms of size, are identified. The use of the services by the…

Cooper, Marianne; Terry, Edward

358

Electrocardiograph Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Building on concepts taught in the associated lesson, students learn about bioelectricity, electrical circuits and biology as they use deductive and analytical thinking skills in connection with an engineering education. Students interact with a rudimentary electrocardiograph circuit (made by the teacher) and examine the simplicity of the device. They get to see their own cardiac signals and test the device themselves. During the second part of the activity, a series of worksheets, students examine different EKG print-outs and look for irregularities, as is done for heart disease detection.

Biomedical Engineering

359

Building with landscape  

E-print Network

All buildings have a relationship with their immediate site and their larger landscape: some buildings simply occupy their site while other buildings define and intensify their landscape. The relationship between building ...

Parker, Cola Godden

1994-01-01

360

Secondary impact hazard assessment  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A series of light gas gun shots (4 to 7 km/sec) were performed with 5 mg nylon and aluminum projectiles to determine the size, mass, velocity, and spatial distribution of spall and ejecta from a number of graphite/epoxy targets. Similar determinations were also performed on a few aluminum targets. Target thickness and material were chosen to be representative of proposed Space Station structure. The data from these shots and other information were used to predict the hazard to Space Station elements from secondary particles resulting from impacts of micrometeoroids and orbital debris on the Space Station. This hazard was quantified as an additional flux over and above the primary micrometeoroid and orbital debris flux that must be considered in the design process. In order to simplify the calculations, eject and spall mass were assumed to scale directly with the energy of the projectile. Other scaling systems may be closer to reality. The secondary particles considered are only those particles that may impact other structure immediately after the primary impact. The addition to the orbital debris problem from these primary impacts was not addressed. Data from this study should be fed into the orbital debris model to see if Space Station secondaries make a significant contribution to orbital debris. The hazard to a Space Station element from secondary particles above and beyond the micrometeoroid and orbital debris hazard is categorized in terms of two factors: (1) the 'view factor' of the element to other Space Station structure or the geometry of placement of the element, and (2) the sensitivity to damage, stated in terms of energy. Several example cases were chosen, the Space Station module windows, windows of a Shuttle docked to the Space Station, the habitat module walls, and the photovoltaic solar cell arrays. For the examples chosen the secondary flux contributed no more than 10 percent to the total flux (primary and secondary) above a given calculated critical energy. A key assumption in these calculations is that above a certain critical energy, significant damage will be done. This is not true for all structures. Double-walled, bumpered structures are an example for which damage may be reduced as energy goes up. The critical energy assumption is probably conservative, however, in terms of secondary damage. To understand why the secondary impacts seem to, in general, contribute less than 10 percent of the flux above a given critical energy, consider the case of a meteoroid impact of a given energy on a fixed, large surface. This impact results in a variety of secondary particles, all of which have much less energy than the original impact. Conservation of energy prohibits any other situation. Thus if damage is linked to a critical energy of a particle, the primary flux will always deliver particles of much greater energy. Even if all the secondary particles impacted other Space Station structures, none would have a kinetic energy more than a fraction of the primary impact energy.

1986-01-01

361

2. View northwest of main hospital building complex, hospital building ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. View northwest of main hospital building complex, hospital building (Building 90), administration and clinical hospital building (Building 88), and hospital building (Building 91) - National Home for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers Western Branch, 4101 South Fourth Street, Leavenworth, Leavenworth County, KS

362

Teaching Guide for Building Maintenance Occupations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teaching guide for building maintenance is one of a series of five performance- and employer-based secondary level vocational education guides. Part 1 provides tools, resources, and a process to be used at the local level to develop a training curriculum and supporting instructional activities. It includes a comprehensive overview of the…

Kempton, Robert F.

363

Building a sustainable future: Bioclimatic house  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of bioclimatic principles is a critical factor in reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions. This poster develops a sequence of experiments and building working models in order to form students of secondary school and make progress towards real applications of new energy technologies. The activity has been carried out by 14 and 15-year-old students using a Power House

Esther Gomez Mallen; Oriol Rivera Fusalba

2010-01-01

364

Simplified Floor-Area-Based Energy-Moisture-Economic Model for Residential Buildings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the United States, 21% of all energy is used in residential buildings (40% of which is for heating and cooling homes). Promising improvements in residential building energy efficiency are underway such as the Building America Program and the Passive House Concept. The ability of improving energy efficiency in buildings is enhanced by building…

Martinez, Luis A.

2009-01-01

365

Coating concrete secondary containment structures exposed to agrichemicals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concrete has traditionally been the material of choice for building secondary containment structures because it is relatively inexpensive and has structural properties which make it ideal for supporting the loads of vehicles and large tanks. However, concrete`s chemical properties make it susceptible to corrosion by some common fertilizers. Though fairly impervious to water movement, concrete is easily penetrated by vapors

M. F. Broder; D. T. Nguyen

1995-01-01

366

User guide for single-building controllers  

SciTech Connect

A tremendous opportunity exists for the Navy to save energy used for heating and cooling buildings by using single-building controllers. Thompson Laboratory at China Lake NWC, California is one example. A single-building controller was installed with pre- and post-metering. A simple pulley change on the air-handling units resulted in a 40% energy savings. The single-building controller contributed another 40% savings, resulting in a payback of 6 months with a total cost of $20,000.00. There was no impact on comfort and all building ventilation requirements were met. A few prerequisites are necessary for effective installation of single-building controllers. One person needs to be excited about energy conservation and willing to work. That person needs the support of the commander and active cooperation from the building occupants. Buildings that are suitable for single-building controllers are those that consume at least $10,000.00 of energy a year for heating and cooling, are not occupied on a 24-hour basis, and do not have temperature-sensitive equipment or material inside the building. Excellent candidate buildings are administration and office buildings.

Canfield, K.

1987-04-01

367

Building Stones of Our Nation's Capital  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The buildings of our Nation's Capital have been constructed with rocks from quarries throughout the United States and many distant lands. Each building shows important features of various stones and the geologic environment in which they were formed. This United States Geological Survey (USGS) booklet describes the source and appearance of many of the stones found in Washington, D.C.'s monuments, memorials, statues, and buildings. The geologic setting of D.C. and acid rain effects on the Capital region are also discussed.

368

9. Office and warehouse building. Detail of front door at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Office and warehouse building. Detail of front door at office area, north end of front elevation. View to northwest. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

369

13. Office and warehouse building. Interior view of warehouse area ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

13. Office and warehouse building. Interior view of warehouse area from south end of room looking north toward second-story loft. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

370

12. Office and warehouse building. Detail of freight entry at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. Office and warehouse building. Detail of freight entry at warehouse area, south end of rear elevation. View to southeast. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

371

11. Office and warehouse building. Detail of freight entry at ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

11. Office and warehouse building. Detail of freight entry at warehouse area, south end of front elevation. View to northwest. - Conrad Refining Company Oil Refinery, Office & Warehouse Building, 60 feet northwest of centerline at Montana Secondary Highway 219, Conrad, Pondera County, MT

372

An Industrial Building Converted into a Girls School in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes how an industrial building in Perth, Western Australia, has been converted into a secondary school to suit the particular needs of girls with educational and social difficulties. The aim of the building project was to provide a small school for approximately 30 students that caters to the needs of adolescent girls who are…

Broderick, Eamon

2003-01-01

373

Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 9: Human Comfort and Energy Conservation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the ninth in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself or as part of a sequence of four modules on energy conservation in building construction and operation (see also modules 8, 10, and 11). The objective of this module is to…

Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

374

Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey - Office Buildings  

EIA Publications

Provides an in-depth look at this building type as reported in the 2003 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey. Office buildings are the most common type of commercial building and they consumed more than 17% of all energy in the commercial buildings sector in 2003. This special report provides characteristics and energy consumption data by type of office building (e.g. administrative office, government office, medical office) and information on some of the types of equipment found in office buildings: heating and cooling equipment, computers, servers, printers, and photocopiers.

2010-01-01

375

Einstein/Roosevelt Letters: A Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The letters in this unit of study intended for secondary students are facsimile reproductions of the correspondence between Albert Einstein and President Roosevelt on the possibility of constructing an atomic bomb. Classroom activities are also suggested. (RM)

Bodle, Walter S.

1985-01-01

376

Packing Up for the Moon: Human Exploration Project Engineering Design Challenge. Design, Build and Evaluate. A Standards-Based Middle School Unit Guide. Engineering By Design: Advancing Technological Literacy--A Standards-Based Program Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Human Exploration Project (HEP) units have several common characteristics. All units: (1) Are based upon the Technological Literacy standards (ITEA, 2000/2002); (2) Coordinate with Science (AAAS, 1993) and Mathematics standards (NCTM, 2000); (3) Utilize a standards-based development approach (ITEA, 2005); (4) Stand alone and coordinate with…

NASA Educator Resource Center at Marshall Space Flight Center, 2007

2007-01-01

377

Secondary batteries: Recent advances  

Microsoft Academic Search

Information drawn from U.S. patents issued since July 1975 is incorporated in this discussion of secondary batteries and their commercial technology. Topics include lead-acid batteries, zinc electrodes and batteries, nickel-cadmium and other alkaline batteries, sodium-sulfur solid electrolyte batteries, lithium batteries, and other battery systems. Besides providing technical information, the book serves as a guide to U.S. patent literature, and a

R. W. Graham

1978-01-01

378

Measured results of energy conservation retrofits in residential buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study summarizes measured data on energy savings from conservation retrofits in existing residential buildings. Retrofits to the building shell, principally insulation of exterior surfaces, window treatments, and infiltration-reduction measures, are the most popular, although data on various heating system retrofits are now available. The average retrofit investment per unit in multifamily buildings is approximately $700, far lower than the

Goldman

1982-01-01

379

Measured results of energy conservation retrofits in residential buildings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study summarizes measured data on energy savings from conservation retrofits in existing residential buildings to the building shell, principally insulation of exterior surfaces, window treatments, and infiltration-reduction measures, are the most popular, although data on various heating system retrofits are now available. The average retrofit investment per unit in multifamily buildings is approximately $700, far lower than the average

Goldman

1985-01-01

380

Small Buildings = Big Opportunity for Energy Savings (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

Small buildings have a big impact on energy use. In the United States, 44.6 million small buildings consume 44% of the overall energy used in buildings, presenting an enormous opportunity to cut costs, energy use, and greenhouse gas emissions.

Not Available

2013-12-01

381

Building information modeling for sustainable design and LEED ® rating analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Today, there is a high level of demand for sustainable buildings. The most important decisions regarding a building's sustainable features are made during the design and preconstruction stages. Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED®) is the most widely adopted sustainable building rating system in the United States. For projects pursuing LEED® certification, designers have to conduct in-depth sustainability analyses

Salman Azhar; Wade A. Carlton; Darren Olsen; Irtishad Ahmad

2011-01-01

382

Cultural Issues in Secondary Education Development in West Africa: Away from Colonial Survivals, towards Neocolonial Influences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In urban Ghana and Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast), cultural factors arising from West Africa's "triple cultural heritage" (African, Euro-Christian, and Islamic) and globalization place considerable strains on secondary education and have implications for postcolonial nation-building and development. Surveys of 200 secondary students in the two…

Quist, Hubert O.

2001-01-01

383

A Cloistered Ethos? Landscapes of Learning and English Secondary Schools for Girls: An Historical Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nineteenth-century founders of academic girls' secondary schools in England often used an existing building, frequently a former dwelling-house, adding to it as resources increased and curricula developed, before moving to a purpose-built school as the venture prospered. As municipal secondary schools for girls developed in England in the wake…

Goodman, Joyce

2005-01-01

384

Tracking the surface figure error of the pick off mirror throughout build and environmental testing of the focus and alignment mechanism qualification unit of the near-infrared camera of JWST  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Pick Off Mirror (POM) is the business end of the Focus and Alignment Mechanism (FAM) of NIRCam. The POM harnesses the light delivered by the telescope and steers it into the Near Infrared Camera. At strategic points during the build and test of the Pick Off Mirror and its mechanism (the FAM) the surface figure error (SFE) of the

Bear Witherspoon; Lynn Huff; Greg Feller; Paul Mammini

2011-01-01

385

Nitrogen Containing Organic Compounds and Oligomers in Secondary Organic Aerosol Formed by Photooxidation of Isoprene  

SciTech Connect

Electrospray ionization high-resolution mass spectrometry (ESI HR-MS) was used to probe molecular structures of oligomers in secondary organic aerosol (SOA) generated in laboratory experiments on isoprene photooxidation at low- and high-NOx conditions. Up to 80-90% of the observed products are oligomers and up to 33% are nitrogen-containing organic compounds (NOC). We observe oligomers with up to 8 monomer units in length. Tandem mass spectrometry (MSn) confirms NOC compounds are organic nitrates and elucidates plausible chemical building blocks contributing to oligomer formation. Most organic nitrates are comprised of methylglyceric acid units. Other important multifunctional C2-C5 monomer units are identified including methylglyoxal, hydroxyacetone, hydroxyacetic acid, glycolaldehyde, and 2-methyltetrols. The majority of the NOC oligomers contain only one nitrate moiety resulting in a low average N:C ratio of 0.019. Average O:C ratios of the detected SOA compounds are 0.54 under the low-NOx conditions and 0.83 under the high-NOx conditions. Our results underscore the importance of isoprene photooxidation as a source of NOC in organic particulate matter.

Nguyen, Tran B.; Laskin, Julia; Laskin, Alexander; Nizkorodov, Serguei

2011-07-06

386

Abstract--Energy efficiency for the buildings is vital for the environment and sustainability. Buildings are responsible for  

E-print Network

1 Abstract--Energy efficiency for the buildings is vital for the environment and sustainability. Buildings are responsible for significant energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions in the United for a multi-disciplinary research project on energy efficiency. We collected the building energy data

Jain, Raj

387

Real-Time Building Energy Modeling, fault Detection and Diagnostic for a DoD Building  

E-print Network

ME 4343 HVAC Design Real-Time Building Energy Modeling and Fault Detection and Diagnostics for a DoD Building Bing Dong1, Zheng O’Neill2 1 University of Texas, San Antonio, TX, USA 2 University of Alabama, AL, USA The work was done at the United...

Dong, B.

2013-01-01

388

Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary…

Howard, A. E.

2008-01-01

389

Lunar secondary craters, part K  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Formation of V-shaped structures surrounding the fresh Copernicus Crater and its secondary craters are reviewed, and preliminary observations of the more extensively eroded secondary crater field of Theophilus are presented. Results of laboratory simulation of secondary lunar craters to examine their effects on V-shaped ridges are also described.

Overbeck, V. R.; Morrison, R. H.; Wedekind, J.

1972-01-01

390

Nonlinear development and secondary instability of traveling crossflow vortices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Building upon the prior research targeting the laminar breakdown mechanisms associated with stationary crossflow instability over a swept-wing configuration, this paper investigates the secondary instability of traveling crossflow modes as an alternate scenario for transition. For the parameter range investigated herein, this alternate scenario is shown to be viable unless the initial amplitudes of the traveling crossflow instability are lower than those of the stationary modes by considerably more than one order of magnitude. The linear growth predictions based on the secondary instability theory are found to agree well with both parabolized stability equations and direct numerical simulation, and the most significant discrepancies among the various predictions are limited to spatial regions of relatively weak secondary growth, i.e., regions where the primary disturbance amplitudes are smaller in comparison to their peak values. Nonlinear effects on secondary instability evolution are also investigated and found to be initially stabilizing when they first come into play.

Li, Fei; Choudhari, Meelan M.; Duan, Lian; Chang, Chau-Lyan

2014-06-01

391

GOTHIC MODEL OF BWR SECONDARY CONTAINMENT DRAWDOWN ANALYSES  

SciTech Connect

This article introduces a GOTHIC version 7.1 model of the Secondary Containment Reactor Building Post LOCA drawdown analysis for a BWR. GOTHIC is an EPRI sponsored thermal hydraulic code. This analysis is required by the Utility to demonstrate an ability to restore and maintain the Secondary Containment Reactor Building negative pressure condition. The technical and regulatory issues associated with this modeling are presented. The analysis includes the affect of wind, elevation and thermal impacts on pressure conditions. The model includes a multiple volume representation which includes the spent fuel pool. In addition, heat sources and sinks are modeled as one dimensional heat conductors. The leakage into the building is modeled to include both laminar as well as turbulent behavior as established by actual plant test data. The GOTHIC code provides components to model heat exchangers used to provide fuel pool cooling as well as area cooling via air coolers. The results of the evaluation are used to demonstrate the time that the Reactor Building is at a pressure that exceeds external conditions. This time period is established with the GOTHIC model based on the worst case pressure conditions on the building. For this time period the Utility must assume the primary containment leakage goes directly to the environment. Once the building pressure is restored below outside conditions the release to the environment can be credited as a filtered release.

Hansen, P.N.

2004-10-06

392

Building America  

SciTech Connect

Builders generally use a 'spec and purchase' business management system (BMS) when implementing energy efficiency. A BMS is the overall operational and organizational systems and strategies that a builder uses to set up and run its company. This type of BMS treats building performance as a simple technology swap (e.g. a tank water heater to a tankless water heater) and typically compartmentalizes energy efficiency within one or two groups in the organization (e.g. purchasing and construction). While certain tools, such as details, checklists, and scopes of work, can assist builders in managing the quality of the construction of higher performance homes, they do nothing to address the underlying operational strategies and issues related to change management that builders face when they make high performance homes a core part of their mission. To achieve the systems integration necessary for attaining 40% + levels of energy efficiency, while capturing the cost tradeoffs, builders must use a 'systems approach' BMS, rather than a 'spec and purchase' BMS. The following attributes are inherent in a systems approach BMS; they are also generally seen in quality management systems (QMS), such as the National Housing Quality Certification program: Cultural and corporate alignment, Clear intent for quality and performance, Increased collaboration across internal and external teams, Better communication practices and systems, Disciplined approach to quality control, Measurement and verification of performance, Continuous feedback and improvement, and Whole house integrated design and specification.

Brad Oberg

2010-12-31

393

Secondary Waste Form Development and Optimization—Cast Stone  

SciTech Connect

Washington River Protection Services is considering the design and construction of a Solidification Treatment Unit (STU) for the Effluent Treatment Facility (ETF) at Hanford. The ETF is a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act-permitted, multi-waste, treatment and storage unit and can accept dangerous, low-level, and mixed wastewaters for treatment. The STU needs to be operational by 2018 to receive secondary liquid wastes generated during operation of the Hanford Tank Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). The STU to ETF will provide the additional capacity needed for ETF to process the increased volume of secondary wastes expected to be produced by WTP.

Sundaram, S. K.; Parker, Kent E.; Valenta, Michelle M.; Pitman, Stan G.; Chun, Jaehun; Chung, Chul-Woo; Kimura, Marcia L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Um, Wooyong; Westsik, Joseph H.

2011-07-14

394

Physical Units  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This page, authored by Rod Nave at Georgia State University, describes units of measurement, unit conversions, dimensional analysis and basic mechanical quantities. Length, Mass and Time link to separate pages that go into more detail on the physical quantities and their definitions. Also included is a link to a page that does unit conversions for the user.

Nave, Rod

2010-01-14

395

Fetch, plug, and play: How secondary science instructors use digital learning objects in their classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This mixed methods exploratory research study describes how United States science teachers who used digital learning objects in their secondary classrooms implemented them. The types of digital learning objects and frequency of use in addition to instructional strategies used with digital learning objects and instructors' reasons for using them were explored. An online survey and four interviews were conducted with instructors who used digital learning objects in traditional classrooms, and artifacts that included sample digital learning objects and lesson plans that integrate them in classrooms were collected and analyzed. Data from this exploratory research study indicates that digital learning objects shift the focus of education from the instructor to the learner. Participants talked and wrote about students' active engagement in their learning with instructors as facilitators providing scaffolding and support for student learning. Interactive digital learning objects providing immediate feedback opportunities allowed students to control the learning pace, manipulate and extend learning in new ways that are difficult to find in other learning activities. Models and visualizations extended and enriched learning, making abstract concepts more concrete by providing multiple perspectives that provoke learner reflection and restructuring of their knowledge leading to higher levels of learning. Digital learning objects were used to motivate students by gaining their attention, providing relevant content, encouraging learner confidence, and gaining learner satisfaction. This study may benefit secondary instructors by helping them build upon the experiences described by study participants. Results indicate that digital learning objects promoted learner-centered classrooms and exhibited instructional strategies consistent with constructivist learning theory.

Looser, Theresa A.

396

Building 1100--NASA  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Building 1100 is the NASA administrative building. Services located in this building include two banks, a post office, barber shop, cafeteria, snack bar, travel agency, dry cleaners, the NASA Exchange retail store and medical facilities for employees.

1996-01-01

397

Building Technology MSc Programme  

E-print Network

, dealing with the newest technology and interacting with the current market. This programme offers a balance between applied research and design of buildings and building elements. Core building technology

Langendoen, Koen

398

Large pores generated by the combination of different inorganic units in a zinc hydroxide ethynylene diisophthalate MOF.  

PubMed

An ethynylene diisophthalic acid linker molecule was synthesized and used to form a zinc carboxylate-based metal organic framework (MOF) with very large pores and unit cell volume resulting from the unusual combination of structurally different inorganic units forming the secondary building blocks (SBUs). The structure is the first zinc hydroxide carboxylate structure where the inorganic units do not form layers or ribbons but isolated islands. The structure forms true pores with a significantly narrowed pore entry similar to zeolites. The pores are, thus, not created simply by intersecting channels as in most other MOF structures. Although the pore shape is highly asymmetric the spherical free volume is with 10.8 A still large. The stability of the SBUs in respect to exchange and removal of coordinated solvent molecules is investigated. PMID:19322480

Hausdorf, Steffen; Seichter, Wilhelm; Weber, Edwin; Mertens, Florian O R L

2009-02-21

399

Facility Focus: Science Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides examples of four university science buildings whose design fosters interdisciplinary interaction among students coupled with lab flexibility. Design concepts, innovations, and building layouts are examined. (GR)

College Planning & Management, 1999

1999-01-01

400

3. INTERIOR VIEW OF SMOKEHOUSE UNIT; NOTE STAINLESS STEEL NOZZLES ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

3. INTERIOR VIEW OF SMOKEHOUSE UNIT; NOTE STAINLESS STEEL NOZZLES THAT INTRODUCED SMOKE INTO UNIT; FLOOR IS UNPAINTED STEEL - Rath Packing Company, Smokehouse-Hog Chilling Building, Sycamore Street between Elm & Eighteenth Streets, Waterloo, Black Hawk County, IA

401

Family Life Education Resource Unit. Single Living.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource unit, a supplement to the family life education curiculum guide (see related note), was designed to help secondary education home economics teachers provide students with learning experiences related to living as a single person. The unit covers two principle topics regarding single living, each including an overall objective,…

Hite, Joyce

402

34 CFR 300.36 - Secondary school.  

...Definitions Used in This Part § 300.36 Secondary school. Secondary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school that provides secondary education, as determined under State...

2014-07-01

403

What next for accessory dwellings? : getting from bylaws to buildings  

E-print Network

Accessory dwellings-secondary, self-contained housing units on the same property as a primary residence, either attached to or detached from the main dwelling, and subordinate in size, location and appearance-are recognized ...

Stege, Elinor Hope

2009-01-01

404

Laboratory Air Handling Unit System  

E-print Network

An innovative AHU system is presented in this paper. The proposed AHU system is called a Laboratory Air Handling Unit (LAHU) system since it is most suitable for the buildings where one section (laboratory) has 100% exhaust while the other section...

Cui, Y.; Liu, M.

2001-01-01

405

Studied a Building Lately?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a report of a community studies program in which high school students prepared an architectural and historical study of interesting and historic community buildings. Presents general information on how and why students should study buildings, including selecting a building, photographing the building and site, interviewing individuals who…

Patton, Thomas W.

1981-01-01

406

South Pole CARA Building  

NSF Publications Database

During the 1991-92 season the ASTRO building which houses related CARA activities was constructed. The proposed building would house activities of the Center for Astrophysical Research in Antarctica (CARA). The proposed building is to be located approximately 61 meters West of the ASTRO building (see attached site plan).

407

Two Integrated Teaching Buildings Two Integrated Teaching Buildings  

E-print Network

Draft Plan Two Integrated Teaching Buildings #12;Two Integrated Teaching Buildings Effort to avoid sightline and to reduce screening effect. #12;Two Integrated Teaching Buildings Perspective #12;Two Integrated Teaching Buildings Perspective #12;Two Integrated Teaching Buildings Perspective #12;Two

Huang, Jianwei

408

51 2013-14 Suggested Course Plan CIVIL (BUILDING SCIENCE)  

E-print Network

51 2013-14 Suggested Course Plan CIVIL (BUILDING SCIENCE) FIRST YEAR FALL: 18-19 units SPRING: 17 of Phys. and Engr. SCIENCE (16 UNItS) CHEM 105AL: General Chemistry GEOL 305L: Intro. to Engineering Geology PHYS 151L: Mechanics and Thermodynamics PHYS 152L: Electricity and Magnetism GENEraL EDUCatIoN (27

Zhou, Chongwu

409

Secondary traumatic stress in oncology staff.  

PubMed

As empathetic caregivers, oncology staff may be prone to secondary traumatic stress (STS). Secondary traumatic stress results from exposure to persons who have experienced trauma and from giving care to such persons. The presence of STS among oncology staff has not been documented. This correlational descriptive study examined STS among oncology staff at a 500-bed Magnet-designated community hospital by determining the presence of individual symptoms and frequency with which diagnostic criteria for STS are met. Also determined were associations between STS demographic characteristics and specific stress-reduction activities.In this study, 43 staff members from an inpatient oncology unit completed mailed surveys. The Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale assessed the frequency of intrusion, avoidance, and arousal symptoms associated with STS; also assessed were use/helpfulness of stress-reduction activities. In this first study to document the prevalence of STS among oncology staff, prevalence ranged from 16% (Bride's method) to 37% (cutoff-score method). Most common symptoms were difficulty sleeping, intrusive thoughts about patients, and irritability. Least common were avoidance of people, places, and things and disturbing dreams about patients. Current use of massage was significantly predictive of not having STS. Ethnicity of staff member was related to having STS. Further research is warranted evaluating STS prevalence in different groups of oncology staff along with the effect of STS on burnout and job retention. PMID:19444086

Quinal, Leonida; Harford, Stephanie; Rutledge, Dana N

2009-01-01

410

Hypoparathyroidism and Subclinical Hypothyroidism with Secondary Hemochromatosis  

PubMed Central

Hemochromatosis is an inherited genetic disorder of iron metabolism which can also occur as a secondary result of iron-overload. It leads to organ damage such as cardiomyopathy, liver cirrhosis, hypogonadism, and diabetes. This paper discusses a case of secondary hemochromatosis associated with repeated transfusions, presenting as asymptomatic hypoparathyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism with multiple organ involvement. The 29-year-old female, who had severe aplastic anemia, received multiple transfusions totaling approximately 1,400 units of red blood cells over 15 years. During her routine laboratory examination, hypocalcemia was detected with decreased intact parathyroid hormone and increased thyroid stimulating hormone. Serum ferritin, iron, and total iron binding capacity had increased to 27,583.03 ng/mL, 291 µg/dL, and 389 µg/dL, respectively. She had unusually bronze skin and computed tomography revealed iron deposition in the thyroid, liver, and heart. Multiorgan involvement as seen in this case is rare in hemochromatosis associated with secondary transfusions. To the best of the author's knowledge, this is the first case report in Korea of hypoparathyroidism and subclinical hypothyroidism due to iron deposition in the parathyroid and thyroid gland. PMID:24741460

Jeong, Hyung Ki; An, Joon Hwan; Kim, Hyoung Sang; Cho, Eun Ae; Han, Min Gui; Moon, Jung Sik; Kang, Ho-Cheol

2014-01-01

411

Reorienting Secondary Education in Asia and the Pacific.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The National Institute for Educational Research (NIER), Tokyo (Japan) and the Asia-Pacific Centre of Educational Innovation for Development (APEID) of the United Nations Scientific, Cultural, and Educational Organization (UNESCO) organized a regional seminar to explore issues related to secondary education in Asia and the Pacific and to formulate…

National Inst. for Educational Research, Tokyo (Japan).

412

Earth and Space Science. A Guide for Secondary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for use in Pennsylvania secondary school science classes, this guide is intended to provide fundamental information in each of the various disciplines of the earth sciences. Some of the material contained in the guide is intended as background material for teachers. Five units are presented: The Earth, The Oceans, The Space Environment,…

Bolles, William H.; And Others

413

Protein Secondary Structure Prediction Using Sigmoid Belief Networks to Parameterize  

E-print Network

of these methods have utilized neural networks. A major improvement in the prediction accuracy of these methodsProtein Secondary Structure Prediction Using Sigmoid Belief Networks to Parameterize Segmental Semi-Markov Models Wei Chu , Zoubin Ghahramani Gatsby Computational Neuroscience Unit, University College London

Ghahramani, Zoubin

414

Oral History: A Look at the Literature for Secondary Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for secondary school teachers, the bibliographic essay lists publications on oral history available in the United States and Canada. The first section deals with access to the literature through Library of Congress subject headings, indexes (e.g., "Reader's Guide to Periodical Literature"), general bibliographies, an abstract review, and…

Pierce, Preston E.

415

The Malvern Project. Closed Circuit Television in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year project investigated the use of closed circuit television (CCTV) in four Australian secondary schools. Particular attention was paid to the ability of CCTV to make classroom teaching more effective and individualized and to promote team teaching. CCTV equipment, including a mobile production unit, was made available and teachers…

Hawkins, Bernard

416

Geography in Elementary and Secondary Education: Tradition to Opportunity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper on the pre-college teaching of geography documents the teaching of geography in the United States from 1800 to the present and projects it into the future. Analyses of how views on physical, regional, and human geography have affected the elementary and secondary curricula and a history of the incorporation of geography into the social…

Vuicich, George; Stoltman, Joseph

417

1980 Elementary and Secondary Schools Civil Rights Survey, National Summaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This national summary of data on the characteristics of students in United States public schools is based on results of Fall 1980 Elementary and Secondary Schools Civil Rights Survey. Table 1 presents national projections of survey data on rates of enrollment, disciplinary measures imposed, participation in special and bilingual education…

DBS Corp., Arlington, VA.

418

Energy Activities and Resources for the Secondary Student.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The materials in this guide provide secondary level students (7-12 grade) the opportunity to become aware, knowledgeable, and motivated to find possible solutions to our urgent and complex energy related problems. Five interdisciplinary units are presented in the guide: Uses of Energy, Present and Future Sources of Energy, Conservation of Energy,…

Kingsport City Schools, TN.

419

Latin America in World Geography Textbooks for the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to quantitatively analyze the Latin American content of contemporary world geography textbooks published for United States secondary schools. A preliminary review of the literature indicated that Latin America was generally omitted from world geography texts, Central America was given minimal attention, and…

Andereck, Mary E.; Dixon, Clifton V., Jr.

420

The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools. 2010 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive volume offers a snapshot profile of every public school district in the United States serving 1,500 or more students and provides pertinent evaluative and demographic statistics necessary to evaluate educational programs nationwide. "The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools" is a comprehensive compilation…

Grey House Publishing, 2009

2009-01-01

421

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Health and Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

422

Modifying Flag Football for Gender Equitable Engagement in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Flag or touch football is a popular activity unit in American secondary physical education curricula. However, unlike other sports its stigmatization as a masculine-typed activity and frequent inequitable distribution of game play opportunities at the skill positions (e.g., receiver, quarterback) results in the marginalization of female…

Kahan, David

2008-01-01

423

Cooling energy savings potential of light-colored roofs for residential and commercial buildings in 11 US metropolitan areas  

SciTech Connect

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) sponsored this project to estimate potential energy and monetary savings resulting from the implementation of light-colored roofs on residential and commercial buildings in major U.S. metropolitan areas. Light-colored roofs reflect more sunlight than dark roofs, so they keep buildings cooler and reduce air-conditioning demand. Typically, rooftops in the United States are dark, and thus there is a potential for saving energy and money by changing to reflective roofs. Naturally, the expected savings are higher in southern, sunny, and cloudless climates. In this study, we make quantitative estimates of reduction in peak power demand and annual cooling electricity use that would result from increasing the reflectivity of the roofs. Since light-colored roofs also reflect heat in the winter, the estimates of annual electricity savings are a net value corrected for the increased wintertime energy use. Savings estimates only include direct reduction in building energy use and do not account for the indirect benefit that would also occur from the reduction in ambient temperature, i.e. a reduction in the heat island effect. This analysis is based on simulations of building energy use, using the DOE-2 building energy simulation program. Our methodology starts with specifying 11 prototypical buildings: single-family residential (old and new), office (old and new), retail store (old and new), school (primary and secondary), health (hospital and nursing home), and grocery store. Most prototypes are simulated with two heating systems: gas furnace and heat pumps. We then perform DOE-2 simulations of the prototypical buildings, with light and dark roofs, in a variety of climates and obtain estimates of the energy use for air conditioning and heating.

Konopacki, S.; Akbari, H.; Gartland, L. [and others

1997-05-01

424

Nonlinear Development and Secondary Instability of Traveling Crossflow Vortices  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Transition research under NASA's Aeronautical Sciences Project seeks to develop a validated set of variable fidelity prediction tools with known strengths and limitations, so as to enable "sufficiently" accurate transition prediction and practical transition control for future vehicle concepts. This paper builds upon prior effort targeting the laminar breakdown mechanisms associated with stationary crossflow instability over a swept-wing configuration relevant to subsonic aircraft with laminar flow technology. Specifically, transition via secondary instability of traveling crossflow modes is investigated as an alternate scenario for transition. Results show that, for the parameter range investigated herein, secondary instability of traveling crossflow modes becomes insignificant in relation to the secondary instability of the stationary modes when the relative initial amplitudes of the traveling crossflow instability are lower than those of the stationary modes by approximately two orders of magnitudes or more. Linear growth predictions based on the secondary instability theory are found to agree well with those based on PSE and DNS, with the most significant discrepancies being limited to spatial regions of relatively weak secondary growth, i.e., regions where the primary disturbance amplitudes are smaller in comparison to its peak amplitude. Nonlinear effects on secondary instability evolution is also investigated and found to be initially stabilizing, prior to breakdown.

Li, Fei; Choudhari, Meelan M.; Duan, Lian; Chang, Chau-Lyan

2014-01-01

425

UNIT, TIBET.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE UNIT OF STUDY DESCRIBED IN THIS BOOKLET DEALS WITH THE GEOGRAPHY AND HISTORY OF TIBET. THE UNIT COVERS SOME OF THE GENERAL FEATURES OF THE COUNTRY AND THEIR EFFECT UPON THE LIVES OF THE TIBETAN PEOPLE. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS ARE INSERTED TO STIMULATE THOUGHT. THE RELIGION OF TIBET IS DISCUSSED IN RELATION TO ITS INFLUENCE ON THE ART AND CULTURE…

Louisiana Arts and Science Center, Baton Rouge.

426

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Rrr of... - Summary of Operating Requirements for New and Existing Affected Sources and Emission Units  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Maintain reactive flux injection rate at or below rate used during the performance...secondary of aluminum processing unit). Bag leak detector or...secondary aluminum processing unit) Reactive flux injection rate Maintain reactive flux...

2010-07-01

427

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Rrr of... - Summary of Operating Requirements for New and Existing Affected Sources and Emission Units  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...Maintain reactive flux injection rate at or below rate used during the performance...secondary of aluminum processing unit). Bag leak detector or...secondary aluminum processing unit) Reactive flux injection rate Maintain reactive flux...

2012-07-01

428

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Rrr of... - Summary of Operating Requirements for New and Existing Affected Sources and Emission Units  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...Maintain reactive flux injection rate at or below rate used during the performance...secondary of aluminum processing unit). Bag leak detector or...secondary aluminum processing unit) Reactive flux injection rate Maintain reactive flux...

2011-07-01

429

40 CFR Table 2 to Subpart Rrr of... - Summary of Operating Requirements for New and Existing Affected Sources and Emission Units  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...Maintain reactive flux injection rate at or below rate used during the performance...secondary of aluminum processing unit). Bag leak detector or...secondary aluminum processing unit) Reactive flux injection rate Maintain reactive flux...

2013-07-01

430

Tracking the surface figure error of the pick off mirror throughout build and environmental testing of the focus and alignment mechanism qualification unit of the near-infrared camera of JWST  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Pick Off Mirror (POM) is the business end of the Focus and Alignment Mechanism (FAM) of NIRCam. The POM harnesses the light delivered by the telescope and steers it into the Near Infrared Camera. At strategic points during the build and test of the Pick Off Mirror and its mechanism (the FAM) the surface figure error (SFE) of the mirror was monitored. This metric was used to track the health of the mirror throughout this testing regime. For example, the team ran an SFE test before and after Vibration testing the FAM. In this paper, we will provide an overview of the testing regime and the results of these periodic SFE tests. These results lead to the qualification of the POM and FAM designs for flight on the James Webb Space Telescope.

Witherspoon, Bear; Huff, Lynn; Feller, Greg; Mammini, Paul

2011-10-01

431

Energy Conservation Curriculum for Secondary and Post-Secondary Students. Module 1: Awareness of the Energy Dilemma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This module is the first in a series of eleven modules in an energy conservation curriculum for secondary and postsecondary vocational students. It is designed for use by itself, to be integrated with the other ten modules into a program on energy conservation, or to be integrated into conventional vocational courses as a unit of instruction. The…

Navarro Coll., Corsicana, TX.

432

INDUCED SECONDARY COMBUSTION IN WOODSTOVES  

EPA Science Inventory

The paper provides information useful for woodstove designers concerned with reducing emissions. A dual-chamber woodstove was modified to induce secondary combustion by utilizing an ignition source and forced flow of secondary air. The ignition source was an electric glow plug in...

433

7, 40854126, 2007 Secondary organic  

E-print Network

Chemistry and Physics Discussions Secondary organic aerosol formation from m-xylene, toluene, and benzene N Secondary organic aerosol (SOA) formation from the photooxidation of m-xylene, toluene, and benzene-NOx conditions they react5 only with HO2. For all three aromatics studied (m-xylene, toluene, and benzene

Boyer, Edmond

434

Secondary Special Education Program Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this programming guide is to assist local and intermediate Michigan school districts in planning, developing, and implementing programs and services for secondary special education. The first chapter, "Delivery of Secondary Programs and Services," outlines the program's philosophy, effective program development, a program continuum,…

Lee, Frank M., Ed.

435

Metabolomics for Secondary Metabolite Research  

PubMed Central

Metabolomics, the global characterization of metabolite profiles, is becoming an increasingly powerful tool for research on secondary metabolite discovery and production. In this review we discuss examples of recent technological advances and biological applications of metabolomics in the search for chemical novelty and the engineered production of bioactive secondary metabolites. PMID:24958266

Breitling, Rainer; Ceniceros, Ana; Jankevics, Andris; Takano, Eriko

2013-01-01

436

36 CFR 1150.2 - Applicability: Buildings and facilities subject to guidelines and standards.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...use of the United States. Primarily for...personnel. Examples of buildings so intended are... Privately owned residential structure means...subunit of Federal, state, or local government. (b) Buildings and facilities...

2010-07-01

437

53. VIEW LOOKING S.E. AT THE CATALYZER BUILDINGS, COOLING SHEDS ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

53. VIEW LOOKING S.E. AT THE CATALYZER BUILDINGS, COOLING SHEDS AND ABSORPTION BUILDINGS IN THE BACKGROUND. MAY 29, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

438

Analysis and Optimization of Building Energy Consumption  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Energy is one of the most important resources required by modern human society. In 2010, energy expenditures represented 10% of global gross domestic product (GDP). By 2035, global energy consumption is expected to increase by more than 50% from current levels. The increased pace of global energy consumption leads to significant environmental and socioeconomic issues: (i) carbon emissions, from the burning of fossil fuels for energy, contribute to global warming, and (ii) increased energy expenditures lead to reduced standard of living. Efficient use of energy, through energy conservation measures, is an important step toward mitigating these effects. Residential and commercial buildings represent a prime target for energy conservation, comprising 21% of global energy consumption and 40% of the total energy consumption in the United States. This thesis describes techniques for the analysis and optimization of building energy consumption. The thesis focuses on building retrofits and building energy simulation as key areas in building energy optimization and analysis. The thesis first discusses and evaluates building-level renewable energy generation as a solution toward building energy optimization. The thesis next describes a novel heating system, called localized heating. Under localized heating, building occupants are heated individually by directed radiant heaters, resulting in a considerably reduced heated space and significant heating energy savings. To support localized heating, a minimally-intrusive indoor occupant positioning system is described. The thesis then discusses occupant-level sensing (OLS) as the next frontier in building energy optimization. OLS captures the exact environmental conditions faced by each building occupant, using sensors that are carried by all building occupants. The information provided by OLS enables fine-grained optimization for unprecedented levels of energy efficiency and occupant comfort. The thesis also describes a retrofit-oriented building energy simulator, ROBESim, that natively supports building retrofits. ROBESim extends existing building energy simulators by providing a platform for the analysis of novel retrofits, in addition to simulating existing retrofits. Using ROBESim, retrofits can be automatically applied to buildings, obviating the need for users to manually update building characteristics for comparisons between different building retrofits. ROBESim also includes several ease-of-use enhancements to support users of all experience levels.

Chuah, Jun Wei

439

Secondary containment options for ASTs  

SciTech Connect

Widespread publicity generated by several large overfill incidents and tank ruptures questioned the integrity of above ground petroleum storage tanks (ASTs). In response, several states have enacted requirements for the installation of adequate secondary containment at most above ground fuel tank locations. The federal government is also considering regulations for above ground fuel storage tanks. Secondary containment usually consists of a combination of dikes, liners, ponds, impoundments, curbs, ditches, sumps, receiving tanks, or other equipment capable of containing the products stored. Secondary containment facilities may contain single or multiple storage tanks. A secondary containment system should be constructed so that spills do not escape to ground or surface waters before cleanup occurs. Construction of diking and storage capacity of the diked area should be in accordance with National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) recommendations. Factors to consider when designing secondary containment systems include capacity, liner type, and spill cleanup.

McFarland, W.E.; Heintz, J.V. (Petroleum Engineer, Stearns and Wheler, Cazenovia, NY (United States))

1994-01-01

440

Library Research and Statistics. Research on Libraries and Librarianship in 2002; Number of Libraries in the United States and Canada; Highlights of NCES Surveys; Library Acquisition Expenditures, 2001-2002: U.S. Public, Academic, Special, and Government Libraries; LJ Budget Report: A Precarious Holding Pattern; Price Indexes for Public and Academic Libraries; Library Buildings 2002: The Building Buck Doesn't Stop Here.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes seven reports that discuss research on libraries and librarianship, including academic, public, and school libraries; awards and grants; number of libraries in the United States and Canada; National Center for Education Statistics results; library expenditures for public, academic, special, and government libraries; library budgets; price…

Lynch, Mary Jo; Oder, Norman; Halstead, Kent; Fox, Bette-Lee

2003-01-01

441

Portable Power And Digital-Communication Units  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Conceptual network of electronic-equipment modules provides electrical power and digital radio communications at multiple sites not served by cables. System includes central communication unit and portable units powered by solar photovoltaic arrays. Useful to serve equipment that must be set up quickly at remote sites or buildings that cannot be modified to provide cable connections.

Levin, Richard R.; Henry, Paul K.; Rosenberg, Leigh S.

1992-01-01

442

Processor Units Reduce Satellite Construction Costs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

As part of the effort to build the Fast Affordable Science and Technology Satellite (FASTSAT), Marshall Space Flight Center developed a low-cost telemetry unit which is used to facilitate communication between a satellite and its receiving station. Huntsville, Alabama-based Orbital Telemetry Inc. has licensed the NASA technology and is offering to install the cost-cutting units on commercial satellites.

2014-01-01

443

Assessing Teachers' of Religion in U.S. Post Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessing Teachers' of Religion in U.S. Post Secondary Education is a review of religion's various meanings, how it is taught, where it is taught and how it is evaluated on the post secondary campuses of the United States. Kollar reports the results of a National Survey of chairs and directors of all the schools, departments, and programs of…

Kollar, Nathan R.

2005-01-01

444

A Study in Iowa. Teaching Food Safety in Secondary FCS Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Food safety is a significant issue in the United States and yet minimal research has been done on the inclusion of food safety in secondary school curricula. This study examined the feasibility of including food safety in Iowa FCS middle and secondary classes. Teachers reported food safety was important; only a few believed students were…

Ellis, Jason D.; Henroid, Daniel H., Jr.

2005-01-01

445

The History of Post-Secondary Finance in Alberta - An Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Post-secondary systems throughout Canada and the United States have struggled with funding issues during most of the last decade of the 20th Century, and the new millennium did not open with great enthusiasm for change. This article examines the impact of post-secondary education funding changes in Alberta, Canada, by tracing the historical…

Hauserman, Calvin P.; Stick, Sheldon L.

2005-01-01

446

Predictors of Secondary Traumatic Stress among Children's Advocacy Center Forensic Interviewers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined various predictor variables that were hypothesized to impact secondary traumatic stress in forensic interviewers (n = 257) from children's advocacy centers across the United States. Data were examined to investigate the relationship between organizational satisfaction, organizational buffers, and job support with secondary…

Bonach, Kathryn; Heckert, Alex

2012-01-01

447

Research and the Secondary School Curriculum = La Recherche et le Programme d'Enseignement Secondaire.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper outlines the diversity of support for educational research and the relatively little influence that educational research has had on recent United Kingdom policy for the secondary school curriculum. The document goes on to describe the major change facing U.K. secondary schools: the introduction of the national curriculum and a related…

Ruddock, Jean

448

Teachers' Conceptions of Proof in the Context of Secondary School Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current reform efforts in the United States arecalling for substantial changes in the natureand role of proof in secondary schoolmathematics – changes designed to provideall students with rich opportunities andexperiences with proof throughout theentire secondary school mathematicscurriculum. This study examined 17 experiencedsecondary school mathematics teachers'conceptions of proof from their perspectives asteachers of school mathematics. The resultssuggest that implementing ``proof for

Eric J. Knuth

2002-01-01

449

Academic Motivation in Post-Secondary Students: Effects of Career Outcome Expectations and Type of Aspiration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a social cognitive theory framework, we examined the effects of career outcome expectations (COE) and aspiration to enter a science, technology, or math (STM) career on post-secondary academic motivation. Data were collected online from a sample of 380 post-secondary students in Canada and the United States. Analysis of covariance revealed…

Domene, Jose F.; Socholotiuk, Krista D.; Woitowicz, Lyndsay A.

2011-01-01

450

3Building a Business Building a Business  

E-print Network

15 3Building a Business Building a Business This section provides direction on the kinds of business-related issues that the academic entrepre- neur is likely to confront. Is It a Product: "What are the growth prospects of this enterprise?" Thus when reviewing a business plan, venture capi

Arnold, Jonathan

451

Automatical identification of secondary craters with crater spatial distribution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We can estimate relative and absolute ages of geological units on the lunar surface with crater counting. This method is called as crater chronology and based on an assumption that each impact cratering occurs randomly to the surface. In contrast to these primary craters, secondary craters are impact craters formed by ejecta blocks and constitute clustering craters. As a result of the clustering, the secondary craters show a biased spatial distribution of craters. For the crater chronology, researchers have to exclude secondary craters and their regions from the surface image including primary and secondary craters based on his or her subjective views. We can identify most of secondary craters with unique shape and spatial distribution of craters. However, the secondary craters produced by high-velocity ejecta fragments are more circular and may be less clustered than the adjacent secondary craters, and it can therefor be difficult to distinguish from primary craters. So, it has been suggested that individual differences in the recognition of secondary craters exist. We propose an algorithm for evaluating spatial distribution of craters on the lunar images. We have developed two procedures. In these procedures, we evaluated the spatial distribution of craters by using the group average method in one of the hierarchical clustering, or by using the Voronoi diagram. In these procedures, we compare the result of evaluation for observed spatial distribution of craters with the result of evaluation for ideal random spatial distribution of craters. We demonstrated for some regions on the lunar surface. As a result, almost of clustered secondary craters are identified quantitatively by our algorithm.

Kinoshita, T.; Honda, C.; Hirata, N.; Morota, T.

2013-12-01

452

Transition to Secondary - an Experiment in a Scottish Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attainments, attitudes, personality characteristics and friendship relations of three successive year groups of children (n254, 252 and 234) were assessed towards the end of their first term in secondary school. (Editor/RK)

Dutch, R. D.; McCall, J.

1974-01-01

453

Adventures in United States History. Unit 4: The Civil War Divides the North and South.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Unit Four of a series on American history for secondary school students in Los Angeles is devoted to the Civil War. The three chapters discuss slavery, the war, and the return of South to the union. Each chapter contains a summary reading, various activities, some enrichment material, and a review discussion. For other units in this series, see UD…

Phelps, Eugene; And Others

454

Energy use in office buildings. Volume 1. Analysis of 1977 office building energy use as reported in the Building Owners and Managers Association Data Base  

SciTech Connect

This report presents the results of Task IA of the Energy Use in Office Buildings Project: an analysis in tabular form of the 1977 office building energy use data base of the Building Owners and Managers Association (BOMA). BOMA's approximately 4000 members directly manage over 500 million ft/sup 2/ of commercial office space, which is approximately 16% of total commercial office building space. BOMA annually collects data on office building characteristics and operating performance for presentation in its Experience Exchange Report. Data are collected from BOMA member and non-member buildings electing to participate in the reporting process; and, in addition, a number of Federal, state, and local government buildings have been participating since 1977. Summaries of the data are published by BOMA on an aggregate basis; the summaries, which are developed on a city or regional basis, provide a benchmark for use by building managers in comparing the results of specific building operations with the industry's aggregate experience. Access to the 1977 BOMA data base was obtained under a subcontract with BOMA. Data for 1342 buildings - 1059 commercial office buildings and 283 government office buildings in the United States and Canada - were delivered. Of the 1059 commercial office buildings, 999 were located in the US. A total of 233 Federal-, state-, and local-government-operated buildings located in the US were also in the data base. Energy use data were reported by BOMA in terms of kWh of electricity, ft/sup 3/ of gas, gal of oil, and lb of steam. The data were converted to BTU's, and all building energy measures were expressed in terms of Btu/ft/sup 2/. Section II presents analysis for commercial office buildings; and Section III presents the analysis for government office buildings.

None

1980-08-29

455

Targets and Secondary Beam Extraction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Several applications make use of secondary beams of particles generated by the interaction of a primary beam of particles with a target. Spallation neutrons, bremsstrahlung photon-produced neutrons, radioactive ions and neutrinos are available to users at state-of-the-art facilities worldwide. Plans for even higher secondary beam intensities place severe constraints on the design of targets. This article reports on the main targetry challenges and highlights a variety of solutions for targetry and secondary beam extraction. Issues related to target station layout, instrumentation at the beam-target interface, safety and radioprotection are also discussed.

Noah, Etam

2014-02-01

456

A Laboratory Practical on the House Building Behaviour of Caddis Larvae  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a laboratory practical on animal behavior suitable for senior secondary school or university biology classes. Several separate exercises relating to the house building behavior of caddis fly larvae are detailed, together with the time required for preparation. (JR)

Hansell, M. H.

1973-01-01

457

Basic Teaching Units, BTU's on Energy. Nebraska Energy Conservation Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of 21 teaching units is designed for use in energy education within various disciplines of the secondary curriculum. Each unit is designed to stand alone. Suggested teaching times range from five to fifteen days. No particular order of presentation is implied. Each unit is organized as follows: abstract, recommended level, time…

Lay, Gary A., Ed.; McCurdy, Donald, Ed.

458

Canada in the International Economy: A Teaching Unit.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of a series of teaching units designed to introduce secondary school students to the Canadian economy, this handbook contains instructional materials on Canada's role in the world economy. Ten sections contain readings and suggestions for activities related to Canadian trade, tariffs, the Canada-United States automobile pact, Canada-United…

Hunter, William T.; Staunton, Ted, Ed.

459

Change in historic buildings  

E-print Network

Change in historic buildings is inevitable. If these changes are not well-managed, the cityscape will be threatened because a city is composed of buildings. A good city should combine both growth and preservation. Controlling ...

Yin, Chien-Ni

1992-01-01

460

Building Blueprints: Making Music.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Depicts how Cornell University renovated its civil engineering and architecture building to include space for musical performances, teaching, and rehearsals. The article highlights the facility's contemporary design, which also compliments the form and massing of the original building. (GR)

College Planning & Management, 2002

2002-01-01

461

Financing green buildings  

E-print Network

An emerging trend in real estate is the development of sustainable buildings, partially due to the huge environmental impact of the design, construction and operation of commercial buildings. This thesis provides a brief ...

Pierce, Christopher John, S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2013-01-01

462

Building & Fire Assist Director  

E-print Network

Design Review Lab / Shop Safety Surveys Regulated Building Materials Public Health (Food, Water, PestsBuilding & Fire Safety Assist Director Mark Murray Environmental Programs Assist Director Dave Lundstrom Research & Occupational Safety Assist Director Katia Harb Radiation Safety Radiation Safety

Yetisgen-Yildiz, Meliha

463

BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS  

E-print Network

BUILDING MANAGEMENT & RESTRICTED ACCESS Plan Annex 2014 VIII #12;#12;#12;The University of Texas at Austiniv #12;Building Management & Restricted Access Plan Annex v CONTENTS RECORD OF CHANGES.................................................................................................................................13 I. CLASSROOM EVACUATION

Johnston, Daniel

464

Building the Channel Tunnel  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

How do you build a tunnel 32 miles long -- under water? This video segment adapted from Building Big, follows the construction of the Channel Tunnel (nicknamed Chunnel), the engineering wonder that connects England to France.

Foundation, Wgbh E.

2004-01-22

465

Building, landscape and section  

E-print Network

All buildings have in their section a relationship to the landscape on which they are sited. Therefore we as inhabitants of these buildings may or may not have a relationship with the landscape. It is the supposition of ...

Johnson, Daniel B. (Daniel Bryant)

1992-01-01

466

Sick Building Syndrome (SBS)  

MedlinePLUS

... 1989). Chemical contaminants from indoor sources: Most indoor air pollution comes from sources inside the building. For example, ... a building can be a source of indoor air pollution. For example, pollutants from motor vehicle exhausts; plumbing ...

467

John Anderson Campus UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS  

E-print Network

John Anderson Campus UNIVERSITY BUILDINGS 1 McCance Building 2 Collins Building 3 Livingstone Tower Colville Building 21 John Anderson Building 22 Lord Hope Building 23 Curran Building (Library) 24 Birbeck Street NorthPortlandStreet George Street Martha St Cochrane St Ingram St George Street Bath Street

Mottram, Nigel

468

Building Perspectives with Active Galaxies  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, students build a model of an active galaxy. From this, they will learn about the geometry of the components of an active galaxy and develop an understanding that different viewing angles can lead to dramatically different interpretations of a galaxy's appearance. The activity includes background information, glossary, essential questions, extension activities, transfer activities, adaptations for visually-impaired students, and an answer key. Additional materials needed to do this activity include a compass. This is activity one of three in the Active Galaxies education unit.

469

Energy Efficiency for Building Construction Technology.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended primarily but not solely for use at the postsecondary level, this curriculum guide contains five units of materials on energy efficiency that were designed to be incorporated into an existing program in building construction. The following topics are examined: conservation measures (residential energy use and methods for reducing…

Scharmann, Larry, Ed.

470

Energy Efficient Architectural Design and Model Building  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A unit designed for middle to high school level math teachers who want to illustrate the principles of scaling, ratio, and proportion in a concrete way through model building, and for science teachers who want to teach practical energy efficient design principles, with particular emphasis on passive solar design. Recommended for 7th-12th grade basic math and science.

Kass, Stephen

2007-07-29

471

Building Trades. Carpentry, Electrical Wiring, Plumbing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide contains 21 units of self-paced, self-contained instructional materials in the complete building trades curriculum. It is divided into vocational areas of carpentry, electrical wiring, and plumbing. The purpose of the curriculum is to provide minimum skills for disadvantaged and handicapped students entering mainstream…

Missouri Univ., Columbia. Instructional Materials Lab.

472

Plumbing. Building Maintenance. Module III. Instructor's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide, one of six modules keyed to the building maintenance competency profile developed by industry and education professionals, provides materials for a plumbing procedures unit of seven lessons. Lesson topics are: safety procedures, joining pipes, water systems, fixtures and appliances, maintenance and repair, drainage systems,…

Brunk, Art

473

PhilanthroPy Creating Opportunity, Building Wealth,  

E-print Network

the asset building framework to advance the impact of their work. the FactS In the United States: n 44 their households at the poverty level for three months if they lose their income.1 n 36% oF all Senior citizen

Fraden, Seth

474

Gatton Campus LEGEND Building Bldg Map  

E-print Network

Call Points Information Directories Cafe/Food Outlets Library Residential Colleges Nyamul Child Care & Rural Systems Management Building 8117A AU-26 Nyamul Child Care Centre - Free Range Kids Gatton 8157 AW and Torres Strait Islander Studies Unit Morrison Hall 8123 AV-29 Animal Welfare and Ethics, Centre for Merv

Goodhill, Geoffrey J.

475

54. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

54. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew Theatre Archives, Courtesy, The Columbus Association for the Performing Arts SMOKING ROOM, LADIES LOUNGE, FIRST MEZZANNINE, 1928. - Loew's & United Artists Ohio Theatre, 39 East State Street, Columbus, Franklin County, OH

476

52. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

52. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew Theatre Archives, Courtesy, The Columbus Association for the Performing Arts LADIES' (SMOKING) LOUNGE, BASEMENT SUITE, 1928. - Loew's & United Artists Ohio Theatre, 39 East State Street, Columbus, Franklin County, OH

477

View of EPA Farm cattle shelters (Building 1506 in background), ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

View of EPA Farm cattle shelters (Building 15-06 in background), facing southeast - Nevada Test Site, Environmental Protection Agency Farm, Shelter Unit Type, Area 15, Yucca Flat, 10-2 Road near Circle Road, Mercury, Nye County, NV

478

Austin's Green Building Program: A Tool for Sustainable Development  

E-print Network

and Development (UNCED), called the "Earth Summit," when the Green Building Program was selected as one of twelve finalists worldwide for the United Nations Local Government Honours Programme. The most recent of several awards was the Award for Innovation...

Seiter, D. L.

1994-01-01

479

65. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

65. Historic American Buildings Survey, Photocopy of Photograph from Loew Theatre Archives, Courtesy, The Columbus Association for the Performing Arts STAGE RIGGING, 1928. - Loew's & United Artists Ohio Theatre, 39 East State Street, Columbus, Franklin County, OH

480

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSINGBARRITT ENGRAVING FROM ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. Historic American Buildings Survey, PHOTOCOPY OF LOSSING-BARRITT ENGRAVING FROM CHARLES NORDHOFF'S COMMUNISTIC SOCIETIES OF THE UNITED STATES (New York: Harper and Brothers, 1875), p. 155. - Shaker Church Family Herb House, Shaker Road, New Lebanon, Columbia County, NY

481

12. SOUTH END OF ORIGINAL CROSSCUT DIESEL PLANT BUILDING BEFORE ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

12. SOUTH END OF ORIGINAL CROSSCUT DIESEL PLANT BUILDING BEFORE RENOVATIONS TO HOUSE STEAM UNITS. December 6, 1940 - Crosscut Steam Plant, North side Salt River near Mill Avenue & Washington Street, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

482

62. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

62. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT THE LIME KILNS AND MOTOR DRIVES FOR THE KILNS. (DATE UNKNOWN). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

483

69. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE ABSORPTION TOWER BUILDING, ABSORPTION TOWER ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

69. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE ABSORPTION TOWER BUILDING, ABSORPTION TOWER UNDER CONSTRUCTION. (DATE UNKNOWN). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

484

67. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEUTRALIZER BUILDING, LOOKING AT CONDENSERS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

67. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE NEUTRALIZER BUILDING, LOOKING AT CONDENSERS, NEUTRALIZERS AND STORAGE TANKS, APRIL 11, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

485

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING WEST AT INGERSOLL-RAND COMPRESSORS #BE565 & 564. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

486

63. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

63. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME KILN BUILDING, LOOKING AT THE FIRE BOX AND KILN FOR DILLUTANT. APRIL 22, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

487

71. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIQUID AIR BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

71. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIQUID AIR BUILDING, LOOKING AT A BANK OF AIR COMPRESSORS. JANUARY 29, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

488

PERSPECTIVE VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST AT THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

PERSPECTIVE VIEW LOOKING SOUTHWEST AT THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING, AMMONIA SPHERES IN FOREGROUND. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

489

60. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE RAW MATERIALS BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

60. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE RAW MATERIALS BUILDING, LOOKING AT THE POIDOMETER AND WEIGHING MACHINE. MAY 5, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

490

61. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COKE DRYER BUILDING, LOOKING AT ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

61. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COKE DRYER BUILDING, LOOKING AT FIRE BOXES AND SILOS FOR COKE DRYERS. APRIL 22, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

491

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING NORTHEAST AT A C. 1932 CHICAGO PNEUMATIC COMPRESSOR. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

492

65. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIMENITROGEN (CALCIUM CYANAMIDE) OVEN BUILDING, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

65. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE LIME-NITROGEN (CALCIUM CYANAMIDE) OVEN BUILDING, LOOKING AT 2 BANKS OF OVENS. MARCH 2, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

493

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING NORTHWEST AT A C. 1932 CHICAGO PNEUMATIC COMPRESSOR. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

494

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (LN) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

DETAIL INTERIOR VIEW OF THE CYANAMIDE (L-N) OVEN BUILDING LOOKING SOUTHEAST AT INGERSOLL-RAND COMPRESSORS #BE565 & 564. (NOT ORIGINAL LOCATION). - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

495

66. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COOLING BUILDING, LOOKING AM DAMPERS, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

66. INTERIOR VIEW OF THE COOLING BUILDING, LOOKING AM DAMPERS, HIGH TEMPERATURE AND LOW TEMPERATURE COOLERS. APRIL 11, 1919. - United States Nitrate Plant No. 2, Reservation Road, Muscle Shoals, Muscle Shoals, Colbert County, AL

496

23. STEAM PLANT TURBINE DECK FROM NORTH END OF BUILDING, ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

23. STEAM PLANT TURBINE DECK FROM NORTH END OF BUILDING, SHOWING FOURTH STEAM UNIT IN PLACE AT FAR SOUTH END. April 6, 1950 - Crosscut Steam Plant, North side Salt River near Mill Avenue & Washington Street, Tempe, Maricopa County, AZ

497

5. LOOKING SOUTHWEST INSIDE OF ELECTRIC FURNACE BUILDING ON GROUND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

5. LOOKING SOUTHWEST INSIDE OF ELECTRIC FURNACE BUILDING ON GROUND FLOOR OF POURING AISLE. VIEW OF THE NATION'S FIRST VACUUM DEGASSING UNIT (1956). - U.S. Steel Duquesne Works, Electric Furnace Steelmaking Plant, Along Monongahela River, Duquesne, Allegheny County, PA

498

JWST Secondary Mirror Deploy Timelapse  

NASA Video Gallery

Setting up NASA's James Webb Space Telescope's secondary mirror in space will require special arms that resemble a tripod that was recently demonstrated in a NASA cleanroom. TRT: 1:25 / Credit: NAS...

499

Assessment of building diagnostics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The building diagnostics requirements for in-situ or field measurements on energy consumption in conditioned spaces and on heat gain and loss in residential and nonresidential buildings are evaluated. Energy audit programs, energy performance monitoring, energy flow in buildings, and use of computer technology are considered. A diagnostics program is outlined.

Courville, G. E.

1981-07-01

500

Library Buildings and Equipment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six articles discuss library buildings and construction: (1) library buildings and their parts; (2) the North Campus Library of California State University at Long Beach in 1995; (3) new structures for teaching libraries; (4) construction standards for California public libraries; (5) Sick (Library) Building Syndrome; and (6) using focus-group…

Oringdulph, Robert E.; And Others

1990-01-01