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Sample records for secondary school pupils

  1. Secondary Modern Schools: Are Their Pupils Disadvantaged?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levacic, Rosalind; Marsh, Alan J.

    2007-01-01

    There are still 10 English local educational authorities (LEAs) that are wholly selective and a further 10 with some grammar and secondary modern schools. This article examines the academic performance of pupils in secondary modern schools and the funding of these schools using national data sets matching pupils' performance at Key Stage 2 and…

  2. Knowledge of Secondary School Pupils regarding Sexual Health Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary…

  3. Assessing Pupil Concerns about Transition to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, Frances; Frederickson, Norah; Seymour, Joanna

    2011-01-01

    Background: The primary-secondary transition can negatively affect pupils' emotional and psychological adjustment. However, methods for assessing concerns regarding secondary school are limited. A reliable and valid measure of transition-related concerns would be useful both in evaluating and shaping the content and delivery of universal and

  4. Problematising Pupil Voice Using Visual Methods: Findings from a Study of Engaged and Disaffected Pupils in an Urban Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cremin, Hilary; Mason, Carolynne; Busher, Hugh

    2011-01-01

    This article explores how pupils and teachers in an 11-16 mixed secondary school in an area of urban disadvantage in the UK experience pupil voice. It used visual methods to unpick some of the ways in which official and unofficial discourses of pupil voice, engagement, discipline and inclusion were played out in this school. A typology of pupils,

  5. Perspectives of pupils, parents, and teachers on mental health problems among Vietnamese secondary school pupils

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Secondary school can be a stressful period for adolescents, having to cope with many life changes. Very little research has been conducted on the mental health status of secondary school pupils in South East Asian countries, such as Vietnam. The study aimed to explore perceptions of mental health status, risk factors for mental health problems and strategies to improve mental health among Vietnamese secondary school students. Methods A qualitative design was used to address the main study question including: six in-depth interviews conducted with professionals (with two researchers, two psychiatrists, and two secondary school teachers) to learn about their experience of mental health problems among secondary school pupils; 13 focus group discussions (four with teachers, four with parents, and five with pupils); and 10 individual in-depth interviews with pupils who did not take part in the FGDs, to reflect on the collected data and to deepen the authors’ understanding. All interviews and FGDs were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed for the identification of emerging issues using qualitative techniques of progressive coding, analytic memoing and ongoing comparison. Results Our study confirms the need to pay attention to mental health of pupils in Vietnam. Depression, anxiety, stress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts were seen as major problems by all stakeholders. Mental health problems were mainly associated with academic pressure, resulting from an overloaded curriculum and pressure from teachers and parents to succeed. The study found that pupils’ mental health demands interventions at many levels, including at the level of government (Ministry of Education and Training), schools, communities, families and pupils themselves. Conclusions Vietnamese secondary school pupils feel that their mental health status is poor, because of many risk factors in their learning and living environment. The need now is to investigate further to identify and apply strategies to improve students’ mental health. PMID:24192066

  6. Secondary School Pupils' Self-Regulated Learning Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marchis, Iuliana; Balogh, Timea

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a research on 258 secondary school pupils' (10-15 years old, 5th-8th grades) self-regulated learning skills as self-efficacy, self-judgement, self-reaction and their interest for studying Mathematics.

  7. Truancy in Secondary School Pupils: Prevalence, Trajectories and Pupil Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul

    2006-01-01

    School absenteeism and particularly unauthorized absenteeism or truancy has been the focus of a number of, so far largely unsuccessful, recent policy initiatives. The paper draws upon two sources of data, the British Household Panel Survey and detailed interviews with a group of persistent truants, to consider the extent, consequences and…

  8. Pupils' Attitudes to School and Music at the Start of Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kokotsaki, Dimitra

    2016-01-01

    This study aims to explore pupils' affective engagement with school and music during their transition to secondary school. A gender comparison is also being made to ascertain any differences that may exist between boys and girls during this time. A sample of 182 pupils completed two questionnaires (attitudes to school and attitudes to music) three…

  9. Cyberbullying: Its Nature and Impact in Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter K.; Mahdavi, Jess; Carvalho, Manuel; Fisher, Sonja; Russell, Shanette; Tippett, Neil

    2008-01-01

    Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of…

  10. Cyberbullying: Its Nature and Impact in Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Peter K.; Mahdavi, Jess; Carvalho, Manuel; Fisher, Sonja; Russell, Shanette; Tippett, Neil

    2008-01-01

    Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of

  11. School Factors Associated with Mainstream Progress in Secondary Education for Included Pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osborne, Lisa A.; Reed, Phil

    2011-01-01

    This research examined the factors promoting inclusion of young people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in mainstream secondary schools, and noted high levels of behavioral difficulties in these pupils. The size of the secondary school, and the class size, impacted positively on the pupils with Autism, and the number of other pupils with…

  12. School and Pupil Effects on Secondary Pupils' Feelings of Safety in School, around School, and at Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton; Fettelaar, Daan

    2013-01-01

    In line with fear of crime research, schools should be secure places where pupils feel safe in order to function well. Various types of risk and promotive variables at school and pupil level may differently influence a pupil's feelings of safety in school, the school surroundings, and at home. The aim is to elaborate and test a theoretical…

  13. Self-Determination of Pupils with Intellectual Disabilities in Norwegian Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagen, Line Melboe; Ytterhus, Borgunn

    2014-01-01

    This article examines how the self-determination of pupils with intellectual disabilities is practised in secondary school in Norway and discusses possible challenges connected to this practice. The argumentation builds on the fieldwork of qualitative interviews (N?=?55) and participant observations in schools in Norway (pupils 13-16?years old).…

  14. Self-Determination of Pupils with Intellectual Disabilities in Norwegian Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sagen, Line Melboe; Ytterhus, Borgunn

    2014-01-01

    This article examines how the self-determination of pupils with intellectual disabilities is practised in secondary school in Norway and discusses possible challenges connected to this practice. The argumentation builds on the fieldwork of qualitative interviews (N?=?55) and participant observations in schools in Norway (pupils 13-16?years old).

  15. Examining the Effect of Class Size on Classroom Engagement and Teacher-Pupil Interaction: Differences in Relation to Pupil Prior Attainment and Primary vs. Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blatchford, Peter; Bassett, Paul; Brown, Penelope

    2011-01-01

    It is widely recognized that we need to know more about effects of class size on classroom interactions and pupil behavior. This paper extends research by comparing effects on pupil classroom engagement and teacher-pupil interaction, and examining if effects vary by pupil attainment level and between primary and secondary schools. Systematic…

  16. Examining the Effect of Class Size on Classroom Engagement and Teacher-Pupil Interaction: Differences in Relation to Pupil Prior Attainment and Primary vs. Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blatchford, Peter; Bassett, Paul; Brown, Penelope

    2011-01-01

    It is widely recognized that we need to know more about effects of class size on classroom interactions and pupil behavior. This paper extends research by comparing effects on pupil classroom engagement and teacher-pupil interaction, and examining if effects vary by pupil attainment level and between primary and secondary schools. Systematic

  17. Multi-level aspects of social cohesion of secondary schools and pupils' feelings of safety.

    PubMed

    Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed; de Wit, Wouter

    2011-09-01

    BACKGROUND. School safety and corresponding feelings of both pupils and school staff are beginning to receive more and more attention. The social cohesion characteristics of a school may be useful in promoting feelings of safety, particularly in pupils. AIMS. To conceptualize theoretically, and check empirically a two-level model of social cohesion between and within schools, in order to explain a pupil's feelings of safety at school. SAMPLES. Data were collected aided by a national Dutch survey in secondary education carried out via the Internet. In 2008, digital questionnaires were completed by about 78,800 pupils, 6,200 teachers and educational support staff, and 600 school managers. METHODS. Data were checked for reliability and representativity. Social cohesion was indicated by self-reported measures of individual pupils and by aggregating scale and item scores of school managers, teachers, and other support staff within schools. Multi-level analysis using individual pupil data and school-level data was performed using MLwiN. RESULTS. A pupil's age, educational attainment level, experience of mild physical violence, prosocial rules of conduct and joint control of these rules, and school measures against playing truant, show positive influences on a pupil's feelings of safety at school. Negative influences are exerted by not feeling most at home in The Netherlands, peers taking drugs and weapons into school, and by experiencing social violence, severe physical violence, and sexual violence. Negative school effects exist simultaneously in severe physical violence experienced by teachers and other staff, and in curriculum differentiation applied by teachers and other staff; a positive school effect is school size. Some interaction effects between pupil and school-level variables were explored. CONCLUSIONS. The variance at school level is relatively low compared with the variance at pupil level. However, a much higher percentage of variance at school level than at pupil level is explained with respect to the pupils' feelings of safety at school. The resulting two-level model also reflects the streaming of pupils in Dutch secondary schools. To improve school safety, the national results emphasize the need to enhance prosocial behaviour rules and to enhance the shared control of these rules between teachers and pupils. They also emphasize the need for the school to take measures that prevent truancy and redefine curriculum differentiation procedures. National educational policy and research can combine efforts to assist schools in developing reliable and valid procedures to increase effectively safety in and around schools. PMID:21770911

  18. Pupil Clustering in English Secondary Schools: One Pattern or Several?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen; Cheng, Shou Chen

    2011-01-01

    Previous international work has shown that clustering pupils with similar characteristics in particular schools yields no clear academic benefit, and can be disadvantageous both socially and personally. Understanding how and why this clustering happens, and how it may be reduced, is therefore important for policy. Yet previous work has tended to…

  19. Pupil Clustering in English Secondary Schools: One Pattern or Several?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen; Cheng, Shou Chen

    2011-01-01

    Previous international work has shown that clustering pupils with similar characteristics in particular schools yields no clear academic benefit, and can be disadvantageous both socially and personally. Understanding how and why this clustering happens, and how it may be reduced, is therefore important for policy. Yet previous work has tended to

  20. Contradictions around Differentiation for Pupils with Dyslexia Learning English as a Foreign Language at Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rontou, Maria

    2012-01-01

    This article deals with differentiation of teaching methods and extra time in class for pupils with dyslexia by English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers in two Greek state secondary schools. Activity theory is applied to analyse the contradictions that emerge around the issue of differentiation for pupils with dyslexia from data compiled from…

  1. Truancy, Alcohol Use and Alcohol-Related Problems in Secondary School Pupils in Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mounteney, J.; Haugland, S.; Skutle, A.

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on a vulnerable group of pupils often missed by mainstream school surveys. It explores alcohol use and alcohol-related problems for a sample of truants of secondary school age, comparing behaviours with a school-based sample from the same geographical area. Analyses are based on a survey among truants (n = 107) and a school…

  2. Pupil Vulnerability and School Exclusion: Developing Responsive Pastoral Policies and Practices in Secondary Education in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Stanley

    2013-01-01

    How to best support pupils who are considered to be in danger of temporary or permanent exclusion from secondary school is an issue that is currently exercising policy makers, school managers and teachers in the UK. Using primary research data gained from interviews with secondary pupils, school managers and behaviour support staff in a group of…

  3. Pupil Vulnerability and School Exclusion: Developing Responsive Pastoral Policies and Practices in Secondary Education in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Stanley

    2013-01-01

    How to best support pupils who are considered to be in danger of temporary or permanent exclusion from secondary school is an issue that is currently exercising policy makers, school managers and teachers in the UK. Using primary research data gained from interviews with secondary pupils, school managers and behaviour support staff in a group of

  4. Teachers' Understandings of the Relationship between Within-Class (Pupil) Grouping and Learning in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kutnick, Peter; Blatchford, Peter; Clark, Helen; MacIntyre, Helen; Baines, Ed

    2005-01-01

    As part of a project designed to provide information on the nature and uses of within-class pupil groupings for teaching and learning in secondary schools in England, this paper focuses on qualitative interviews with 20 teachers from three core curriculum areas in six schools. Interviews concerned the range and explanations for teachers' choices…

  5. The Use of Models as a Form of Written Feedback to Secondary School Pupils of English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esteban, Noelia Martinez; Roca de Larios, Julio

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated how noticing is related to composing and subsequent feedback processing in individual and collaborative EFL writing. Participants were Spanish secondary school pupils at a low-intermediate proficiency level who completed a three-stage writing task that included writing a picture-based story (Stage 1), comparing their…

  6. The Influence of Gender, Grade Level and Favourite Subject on Czech Lower Secondary School Pupils' Perception of Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiatko, Milan; Janko, Tomas; Mrazkova, Katerina

    2012-01-01

    Geography is an important school subject that brings pupils' description and explanation of social, economic and/or political aspects of the changing world. It has been affirmed that the interest in a subject depends on the attitude to this subject. This study investigates Czech lower secondary school pupils' perception of geography. The research…

  7. The Influence of Gender, Grade Level and Favourite Subject on Czech Lower Secondary School Pupils' Perception of Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiatko, Milan; Janko, Tomas; Mrazkova, Katerina

    2012-01-01

    Geography is an important school subject that brings pupils' description and explanation of social, economic and/or political aspects of the changing world. It has been affirmed that the interest in a subject depends on the attitude to this subject. This study investigates Czech lower secondary school pupils' perception of geography. The research

  8. Self-medication among secondary school pupils in Hong Kong: a descriptive study.

    PubMed

    Tse, M H; Chung, J T; Munro, J G

    1989-12-01

    A self-completion questionnaire was used to survey self-medication among secondary school pupils in Hong Kong. Data were collected from 4793 pupils aged 10 to 23 years (55.9% female and 44.1% male). Nearly three quarters (72.1%) had taken self-medication without consulting a medical practitioner and 51.8% of the sample had done so without the knowledge of older family members. The prevalence of self-medication increased with age. More than half the pupils (50.4%) indicated that trivial illness did not warrant a consultation with a doctor. Information relating to the sources of self-administered drugs, types of drugs used and sources of information about these drugs was collected. Medicine cabinets at home and pharmacy shops were the two most common places from which the pupils obtained their drugs. Though the prevalence of taking tranquillizers and sleeping tablets was found to be low, the probability of young people, especially boys, obtaining dangerous drugs from these places should not be overlooked. The medical, nursing and teaching professions should take a more active role in health education, as the sources from which the pupils obtained their drug knowledge, in descending order of frequency, were: family members, previous illness experience, pharmacy shops, doctor or nurse, television or radio, newspapers or magazines, friends and teachers. PMID:2632309

  9. Upper Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes towards Natural Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akarsu, Bayram; Kariper, Afsin

    2013-01-01

    Students' attitudes towards natural science constitute an important area in science education as fewer students are interested in natural science and they do not choose corresponding science disciplines in postsecondary education. The current study reports preliminary results of a survey on high school students' interests and attitudes…

  10. Personal, Family and School Influences on Secondary Pupils' Feelings of Safety at School, in the School Surroundings and at Home

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2012-01-01

    Different types of variables seem to influence school safety and a pupil's feelings of safety at school. The research question asks which risk and promotive variables should be integrated in a theoretical model to predict a pupil's feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home; what the outcomes are of an empirical check of…

  11. Neuropsychological consequences of volatile substance abuse: a population based study of secondary school pupils.

    PubMed Central

    Chadwick, O.; Anderson, R.; Bland, M.; Ramsey, J.

    1989-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To examine the effects of volatile substance abuse on neuropsychological functioning. DESIGN--A sample of index children and matched controls were identified by a two stage procedure. Firstly, over 5000 secondary school pupils completed a screening questionnaire, and, secondly, a sample of those who acknowledged volatile substance abuse and a matched sample of those who denied the practice were assessed in detail by means of (a) individually conducted interviews and (b) toxicological examination of breath samples (to exclude those intoxicated at the time of testing). SETTING--16 Local education authority secondary schools in London. SUBJECTS--160 Pupils aged 13-16: 80 index children who had abused volatile substances to the point of intoxication at least once (confirmed by interview) and 80 controls (confirmed by interview) matched for school year, sex, and ethnic background. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS--Neuropsychological functioning tests provided 35 main outcome measures and were administered blind. Data on educational test performance before substance abuse began were obtained retrospectively. Information on potentially confounding social factors, such as number of siblings, tenure of housing, and parents' socioeconomic and employment state was also obtained. The index children performed significantly less well than the controls in tests of vocabulary, verbal intelligence quotient, full scale intelligence quotient, and a measure of impulsivity. When background social disadvantage was taken into account these differences were no longer significant. There were no significant associations between performance on psychological testing and frequency of abuse, and relations with other aspects of the children's history of abuse were generally weak or unsystematic. Comparisons between the results of these tests and of educational tests taken before substance abuse produced equivocal findings. CONCLUSION--Volatile substance abuse, as commonly practised by secondary school pupils, is unlikely to result in neuropsychological impairment. PMID:2503175

  12. Multi-Level Aspects of Social Cohesion of Secondary Schools and Pupils' Feelings of Safety

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed; de Wit, Wouter

    2011-01-01

    Background: School safety and corresponding feelings of both pupils and school staff are beginning to receive more and more attention. The social cohesion characteristics of a school may be useful in promoting feelings of safety, particularly in pupils. Aims: To conceptualize theoretically, and check empirically a two-level model of social…

  13. Injuries to primary school pupils and secondary school students during physical education classes and in their leisure time.

    PubMed

    Videmsek, Mateja; Karpljuk, Damir; Mlinar, Suzana; Mesko, Maja; Stihec, Joze

    2010-09-01

    The study aimed to establish the frequency of injuries in primary and secondary schools during leisure time and physical education classes in school as well as in group and individual sports. The sample included 2842 pupils from nine primary schools and 1235 students from five secondary schools in Slovenia. The data were processed with the SPSS statistical software package and the frequencies and Crosstabs were calculated. The results showed that substantially more pupils and students were injured in their leisure time than during physical education classes. Girls were more frequently injured in group and individual sports practiced during physical education classes and in individual sports practiced in their leisure time, whereas boys suffered more injuries in group sports practiced in their leisure time. As regards group sports, pupils and students were most frequently injured while playing football in their leisure time whereas, during physical education classes, they suffered most injuries in volleyball, followed closely by basketball and football; as regards individual sports, pupils and students were most frequently injured while cycling and rollerblading in their leisure time, whereas during physical education classes they suffered most injuries in athletics. PMID:20977091

  14. A FOLLOW-UP STUDY OF THE EFFECTS OF AURAL-ORAL FRENCH INSTRUCTION IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ON PUPILS' ACHIEVEMENT IN A SECONDARY SCHOOL PROGRAMME.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toronto Board of Education (Ontario).

    THE EFFECT OF AUDIOLINGUAL FRENCH INSTRUCTION IN THE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL ON THE PUPIL'S ACHIEVEMENT IN A SECONDARY SCHOOL LANGUAGE PROGRAM, AS SHOWN BY THIS FOLLOW-UP STUDY, IS DEPENDENT UPON PROGRAM ARTICULATION THROUGHOUT THE GRADES AND COORDINATION BETWEEN TESTING AND THE LEARNING SITUATION. THE PROCEDURE FOR THE STUDY INVOLVED 354 GRADE 9 PUPILS

  15. The Transfer of Pupils from Primary to Secondary School: A Case Study of a Foundation Subject, Physical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Capel, Susan; Zwozdiak-Myers, Paula; Lawrence, Julia

    2007-01-01

    A series of transitions, from class to class, year to year and school to school, is integral to the education system in England. The transfer of pupils from primary to secondary education is an important stage of transition. Models for managing this transfer highlight different aspects of the experience, including social/pastoral integration,…

  16. Transition Matters: Pupils' Experiences of the Primary-Secondary School Transition in the West of Scotland and Consequences for Well-Being and Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Patrick; Sweeting, Helen; Young, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The importance of school transitions for pupil adjustment, particularly their impact on later well-being and attainment, remains contested. This paper draws on data from a longitudinal, school-based study of over 2000 Scottish pupils, first surveyed in 135 primary schools (age 11) in 1994, and followed up in 43 secondary schools (age 13 and 15)…

  17. School Subject Preferences of Pupils in Single Sex and Co-educational Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Colley, Ann; And Others

    1994-01-01

    Reports on a study of school subject preference among 566 male and 567 female students in both single-sex and coeducational British secondary schools. Finds an effect of school type for younger students only. Also finds clear effects of gender with higher rankings given to mathematics and science by boys and to art by girls. (CFR)

  18. Challenges to Effective Implementation of Christian Religious Studies Curriculum: A Study of Secondary School Pupils in Ebonyi State of Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Njoku, N. C.; Njoku, D. I.

    2015-01-01

    The study is designed to investigate challenges to effective implementation of Christian Religious Studies among secondary school pupils in Ebonyi state. Two research questions were raised to guide the study. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. Ebonyi state is the area of study and the population comprised all the 232 CRS teachers in…

  19. Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary Pupils in Northern England: Are the Predictors at the Individual, School or Neighbourhood Level?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brockett, Adrian; Wicker, Kate

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the Outgroup Prejudice Index (see "Research in Education," 83, 2010) to see what factors best predict levels of outgroup prejudice among adolescents living in northern England. A sample of 2,502 eleven- to sixteen-year-old secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire that included measures of outgroup prejudice,…

  20. The Drumchapel Project: A Study of ICT Usage by School Pupils and Teachers in a Secondary School in a Deprived Area of Glasgow

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLelland, Dorothy; Crawford, John

    2004-01-01

    The Drumchapel Project was a joint exploratory project between Glasgow Caledonian University, a 1992 university, and Drumchapel High School, a secondary school in a deprived area of Glasgow. The initial aim was to explore ICT skill levels among the school pupils but an information literacy agenda emerged in the course of the Project. Focus groups…

  1. Stick to Your Own Kind: Pupils' Experiences of Identity and Diversity in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rhamie, Jasmine; Bhopal, Kalwant; Bhatti, Ghazala

    2012-01-01

    A national emphasis in Britain on community cohesion and citizenship has highlighted the need to explore understandings of difference within and between communities, particularly in school contexts. This paper reports on the first phase of a larger project exploring pupils' understandings and experiences of identity and diversity within secondary…

  2. Pupil and Staff Perceptions of Bullying in Secondary Schools: Comparing Behavioural Definitions and Their Perceived Seriousness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maunder, Rachel E.; Harrop, Alex; Tattersall, Andrew J.

    2010-01-01

    Background: How bullying is understood by members of the school community is important because differences in definitions could result in an inconsistent approach and affect the success of intervention work. Research evidence suggests that pupils and teachers may have different interpretations of what constitutes bullying. This evidence has,…

  3. A cross-sectional questionnaire study of the rules governing pupils' carriage of inhalers for asthma treatment in secondary schools in North East England.

    PubMed

    Funston, Wendy; Howard, Simon J

    2016-01-01

    Objectives. The primary objective of this study was to assess the rules governing secondary school pupils' carriage of inhalers for emergency treatment of asthma in the North East of England. Design. This study was based upon a postal questionnaire survey. Setting. The setting for this study was mainstream free-to-attend secondary schools which admit 16 year old pupils within the 12 Local Authority areas which make up the North East of England. Participants. All 153 schools meeting the inclusion criteria were invited to participate in the study, of which 106 (69%) took part. Main Outcome Measures. Our three main outcome measures were: whether pupils are permitted to carry inhalers on their person while at school; whether advance permission is required for pupils to carry inhalers, and from whom; and whether the school has an emergency 'standby' salbutamol inhaler for use in asthma emergencies, as permitted since October 2014 under recent amendments to The Human Medicines Regulations 2012. Results. Of 98 schools submitting valid responses to the question, 99% (n = 97) permitted pupils to carry inhalers on their person while at school; the remaining school stored pupils' inhalers in a central location within the school. A total of 22% of included schools (n = 22) required parental permission before pupils were permitted to carry inhalers. Of 102 schools submitting valid responses to the question, 44% (n = 45) had purchased a 'standby' salbutamol inhaler for use in asthma emergencies. Conclusions. Most secondary schools in North East England permit pupils to carry inhalers on their person. The requirement in a minority of schools for parental permission to be given possibly contravenes the standard ethical practices in clinical medicine for children of this age. Only a minority of schools hold a 'standby' salbutamol inhaler for use in asthma emergencies. Wider availability may improve outcomes for asthma emergencies occurring in schools. PMID:27168999

  4. Asthma prevalence, knowledge, and perceptions among secondary school pupils in rural and urban coastal districts in Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Asthma is a common chronic disease of childhood that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among secondary school pupils in urban and rural areas of coast districts of Tanzania. The study also aimed to describe pupils’ perception towards asthma, and to assess their knowledge on symptoms, triggers, and treatment of asthma. Methods A total of 610 pupils from Ilala district and 619 pupils from Bagamoyo district formed the urban and rural groups, respectively. Using a modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire, a history of “diagnosed” asthma or the presence of a wheeze in the previous 12 months was obtained from all the studied pupils, along with documentation of their perceptions regarding asthma. Pupils without asthma or wheeze in the prior 12 months were subsequently selected and underwent a free running exercise testing. A ≥ 20% decrease in the post-exercise Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) values was the criterion for diagnosing exercise-induced asthma. Results The mean age of participants was 16.8 (±1.8) years. The prevalence of wheeze in the past 12 months was 12.1% in Bagamoyo district and 23.1% in Ilala district (p < 0.001). Self-reported asthma was found in 17.6% and 6.4% of pupils in Ilala and Bagamoyo districts, respectively (p < 0.001). The prevalence of exercise-induced asthma was 2.4% in Bagamoyo, and 26.3% in Ilala (P < 0.002). In both districts, most information on asthma came from parents, and there was variation in symptoms and triggers of asthma reported by the pupils. Non-asthmatic pupils feared sleeping, playing, and eating with their asthmatic peers. Conclusion The prevalence rates of self-reported asthma, wheezing in the past 12 months, and exercise-induced asthma were significantly higher among urban than rural pupils. Although bronchial asthma is a common disease, pupils’ perceptions about asthma were associated with fear of contact with their asthmatic peers in both rural and urban schools. PMID:24754895

  5. Transitioning from Elementary to Secondary School: American Pupils' Scary Stories and Physical Education Folklore

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woodruff, Elizabeth A.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D.

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine scary stories that young American adults recalled being told about physical education as they transferred from elementary school to secondary school. Participants were 70 undergraduate students. They were required to write about any scary stories concerning (a) secondary schooling in general, and (b)…

  6. Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions) where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination) on suicide-risk is understudied. Our aim is to explore if school context is associated with rates of attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and self-harm at age 19, adjusting for confounders. Methods A longitudinal school-based survey of 1698 young people surveyed when aged 11, (primary school), 15 (secondary school) and in early adulthood (age 19). Participants provided data about attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and deliberate self-harm at 19. In addition, data were collected about mental health at age 11, social background (gender, religion, etc.), and at age 15, perception of local area (e.g. neighbourhood cohesion, safety/civility and facilities), school connectedness (school engagement, involvement, etc.) and school context (size, denomination, etc.). A dummy variable was created indicating a religious 'mismatch', where pupils held a different faith from their school denomination. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression. Results After adjustment for confounders, pupils attempted suicide, suicide-risk and self-harm were all more likely among pupils with low school engagement (15-18% increase in odds for each SD change in engagement). While holding Catholic religious beliefs was protective, attending a Catholic school was a risk factor for suicidal behaviours. This pattern was explained by religious 'mismatch': pupils of a different religion from their school were approximately 2-4 times more likely to attempt suicide, be a suicide-risk or self-harm. Conclusions With several caveats, we found support for the importance of school context for suicidality and self-harm. School policies promoting school connectedness are uncontroversial. Devising a policy to reduce risks to pupils holding a different faith from that of their school may be more problematic. PMID:22093491

  7. The Effects of a Cognitive Acceleration Intervention Programme on the Performance of Secondary School Pupils in Malawi

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mbano, Nellie

    2003-01-01

    The use of the 'Cognitive Acceleration through Science Education' (CASE) intervention programme was explored in Malawi to see if the critical period for cognitive transition from concrete operations to formal operations at 12-14 years of age actually exists. The older pupils (16-17 years of age) in secondary school classes in Malawi made similar cognitive gains to younger English pupils after being taught CASE for 2 years. This was taken to suggest that the critical period does not exist. However, in Malawi, girls, who are on average a year younger than boys in the same class, and older boys, had lower academic achievement than younger boys. Explanations for this age and gender interaction are explored.

  8. Pupils and School History in France and Switzerland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Audigier, Francois; Fink, Nadine

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes five studies, based on questionnaires and interviews with pupils in primary and lower secondary schools, in France and in Switzerland, over the past two decades. It explores the ways in which pupils' attitudes to history change during the transition between primary and secondary school, and investigates pupils' views about the…

  9. "I Prefer to Think for Myself": Upper Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes Towards Computer-Based Spanish Grammar Exercises

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fredholm, Kent

    2014-01-01

    There is an increasing pressure from school leaders in many countries for teaching to be based solely on ICT tools. The present study is interested in what this does to pupils' attitudes towards ICT in language classrooms. Is a digital monopoly a good way for pupils to learn languages? Is it what they want? To understand for which tasks students…

  10. Personality and Religion among Secondary School Pupils in the Czech Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.; Quesnell, Michael; Lewis, Christopher A.

    2010-01-01

    The short-form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was completed by 1,780 boys and 1,634 girls attending secondary schools in the Czech Republic, together with the Francis Scale of Attitude towards Christianity. On the one hand, two of the findings are consistent with those from a series of studies employing the same measure of religiosity…

  11. Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, Fall 1969: Pupils, Teachers, Instruction Rooms, and Expenditures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Richard H.; Foster, Betty J.

    This 16th annual national survey of public elementary and secondary school statistics presents data as of fall 1969 for each State, the District of Columbia, 14 of the nation's 15 largest cities, and several outlying areas, including American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Summaries of trends are presented with…

  12. Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, Fall 1967. Pupils, Teachers, Instruction Rooms, and Expenditures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Richard H.; Foster, Betty J.

    This 14th annual national survey of public elementary and secondary school statistics presents data as of fall 1967 for each State, the District of Columbia, 13 of the nation's 15 largest cities, and several outlying areas including American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Summaries of trends are presented with…

  13. National Campaign Effects on Secondary Pupils' Bullying and Violence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2005-01-01

    Background: Research on pupils' bullying (1991) and violence (1993) motivated the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to initiate a national campaign on school safety. The government campaign was undertaken from 1995 to 2000. Aim: To test for differences in secondary pupils' bullying and violence before and after the campaign while…

  14. The Impact of an Online Intervention (Brainology) on the Mindset and Resiliency of Secondary School Pupils: A Preliminary Mixed Methods Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Donohoe, Claire; Topping, Keith; Hannah, Elizabeth

    2012-01-01

    This preliminary study investigated the impact of the online interactive programme Brainology (which aimed to encourage a growth mindset) on the mindset, resiliency and sense of mastery of secondary school pupils. A quasi-experimental pre-, post- and follow-up mixed-methods study was carried out with 33 participants aged 13-14 years. The measures…

  15. "Cooling the Mark Out": Experienced Teaching Assistants' Perceptions of Their Work in the Inclusion of Pupils with Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehane, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Experienced teaching assistants' (TAs') perceptions and constructions of their work in the inclusion of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) within mainstream secondary schools are the focus of this study. In a field where much research has focussed on the technicist (TA characteristics and deployment), exploration of "inclusion"

  16. A Comparative Study of the Academic Performance of Secondary School Pupils at Grade Twelve Level in English, French and Zambian Languages (1998-2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chishiba, G. M.; Mukuka, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    The study compared the performance of pupils at grade 12 level in Zambian languages, French and English during a period of ten years (1998-2008). Grade 12 is the final year of Secondary School Education in Zambia. This exercise was aimed at establishing the language with the best performance during the aforementioned period. The study, which was

  17. A Comparative Study of the Academic Performance of Secondary School Pupils at Grade Twelve Level in English, French and Zambian Languages (1998-2008)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chishiba, G. M.; Mukuka, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    The study compared the performance of pupils at grade 12 level in Zambian languages, French and English during a period of ten years (1998-2008). Grade 12 is the final year of Secondary School Education in Zambia. This exercise was aimed at establishing the language with the best performance during the aforementioned period. The study, which was…

  18. Choice of Scottish Gaelic-Medium and Welsh-Medium Education at the Primary and Secondary School Stages: Parent and Pupil Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hanlon, Fiona

    2015-01-01

    Results are presented of a comparative study of the reasons for parental choice of Scottish Gaelic-medium and Welsh-medium primary education in the year 2000 and of the reasons for pupils' decisions to continue with Gaelic or Welsh-medium education at secondary school in 2007. Parents in both contexts cited the quality of Celtic-medium…

  19. "Cooling the Mark Out": Experienced Teaching Assistants' Perceptions of Their Work in the Inclusion of Pupils with Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lehane, Teresa

    2016-01-01

    Experienced teaching assistants' (TAs') perceptions and constructions of their work in the inclusion of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) within mainstream secondary schools are the focus of this study. In a field where much research has focussed on the technicist (TA characteristics and deployment), exploration of "inclusion"…

  20. Knowledge, attitudes and practices of secondary-school pupils in Oman: I. health-compromising behaviours.

    PubMed

    Jaffer, Y A; Afifi, M; Al Ajmi, F; Alouhaishi, K

    2006-01-01

    We investigated the practice of some of health-compromising behaviours among Omani adolescents and their correlates in a nationally representative secondary school-based sample of 1670 boys and 1675 girls. The mean age of the sample was 17.13 (SD 1.35) years. Through a self-administrated questionnaire the adolescents were asked about 6 risky behaviours: current smoking, ever use of alcohol, succumbing to peer pressure to take illicit drugs, driving without a licence, speeding while driving and being involved in a physical fight in the month prior to the survey. Demographic and psychosocial variables related to their risk behaviours were also assessed. The results indicated that 4.6 % were current smokers, 4.3% had drunk alcohol and 4.6% had taken drugs. About 20% had been involved in a physical fight in the month prior to the survey, 33.4% drove without a licence and 33.9% liked to speed. Male sex and low self-esteem were the strongest predictors of risky behaviour. PMID:17037220

  1. The Deployment, Training and Teacher Relationships of Teaching Assistants Supporting Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Mainstream Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil

    2011-01-01

    Growing numbers of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are attending mainstream schools, and increasing numbers of additional staff are being deployed to support them. Recent research has cast doubt on the effectiveness of this support, by highlighting issues relating to deployment and training, and to relationships with class teachers.…

  2. Invisible Care? The Role of Librarians in Caring for the "Whole Pupil" in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaper, Sue; Streatfield, David

    2012-01-01

    This paper draws on the "accidental" results of a UK national survey of school libraries to explore how school librarians can contribute to student pastoral care. Although the survey did not ask specific questions about student social development, responding librarians identified three key aspects of their contribution: support for learning;

  3. School Factors that Facilitate or Hinder the Ability of Teaching Assistants to Effectively Support Pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in Mainstream Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil

    2011-01-01

    Growing numbers of pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are attending mainstream schools, and increasing numbers of teaching assistants (TAs) are being deployed into classrooms to support them. Evidence suggests, however, that pupils who have a TA may underperform academically, receive less attention from their teachers and be isolated…

  4. Truancy and Well-Being among Secondary School Pupils in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul

    2015-01-01

    The paper considers two problematic aspects of the lives of young people: the long-standing issues of truancy from school and more recent concerns about the extent of mental well-being. It uses data from a large-scale survey, the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE). LSYPE provides a very large sample which allows for robust

  5. Assessing Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary School Pupils in Northern England: Introducing the Outgroup Prejudice Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew; Francis, Leslie J.

    2010-01-01

    The Outgroup Prejudice Index is a six-item scale that uses social distance to assess prejudice towards ethnic and religious out groups among Asians and whites. It was developed among a sample of 2,982 teenagers attending schools in northern England who indicated their religion as "Muslim", "Christian" or "No religion". The scale demonstrated…

  6. Attitude toward Christianity among Secondary School Pupils in Northern Ireland: Shifts in Denominational Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy; Lewis, Christopher Alan; Barnes, L. Philip; Sion, Tania ap

    2007-01-01

    Background: Northern Ireland is a province that remains deeply divided between Protestants and Catholics and maintains a segregated system of schools. Purpose: The research builds on a series of studies conducted in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s to monitor the attitude toward Christianity of males and females educated in Protestant and Catholic…

  7. Promoting Pro-Environmental Behaviour: Collection of Used Batteries by Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rioux, Liliane

    2011-01-01

    This research is based on Kollmuss and Agyeman's mode, and aims to determine if the prerequisites for pro-environmental behaviour, such as the collection of used batteries at school, are ethical, cognitive and environmental. A questionnaire/opinionnaire was given to 102, 14-17-year-olds to gather data on: (1) their current recycling habits, (2)

  8. Supporting Pupils with DCD and ASD with the Transition to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foulder-Hughes, Lynda; Prior, Clare

    2014-01-01

    Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are at an increased risk for a range of motor, sensory and social challenges which affect their ability to function at school. The current small scale, qualitative study sought to investigate how children with ASD and/or DCD felt about the transition to…

  9. Entrepreneurship Projects and Pupils' Academic Performance: A Study of Norwegian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansen, Vegard; Schanke, Tuva

    2014-01-01

    Many European countries have launched policy strategies for entrepreneurship education in the past decade. The result is a significant increase of entrepreneurship education in schools and higher education institutions in Europe. Entrepreneurship education is supposed to promote entrepreneurial abilities and improve academic performance. This…

  10. Entrepreneurship Projects and Pupils' Academic Performance: A Study of Norwegian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansen, Vegard; Schanke, Tuva

    2014-01-01

    Many European countries have launched policy strategies for entrepreneurship education in the past decade. The result is a significant increase of entrepreneurship education in schools and higher education institutions in Europe. Entrepreneurship education is supposed to promote entrepreneurial abilities and improve academic performance. This

  11. Truancy and Well-Being among Secondary School Pupils in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul

    2015-01-01

    The paper considers two problematic aspects of the lives of young people: the long-standing issues of truancy from school and more recent concerns about the extent of mental well-being. It uses data from a large-scale survey, the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE). LSYPE provides a very large sample which allows for robust…

  12. Supporting Pupils with DCD and ASD with the Transition to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foulder-Hughes, Lynda; Prior, Clare

    2014-01-01

    Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are at an increased risk for a range of motor, sensory and social challenges which affect their ability to function at school. The current small scale, qualitative study sought to investigate how children with ASD and/or DCD felt about the transition to

  13. Working with a Secondary School to Improve Social Relationships, Pupil Behaviour, Motivation and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swinson, Jeremy

    2010-01-01

    This paper gives an account of a project undertaken by a multidisciplinary team, which included an educational psychologist, advisory teacher and behaviour consultant, to help revise and improve a school's behaviour policy and practice. At the onset, the team spent a great deal of time consulting with the teachers, parents but, above all, the…

  14. Promoting Pro-Environmental Behaviour: Collection of Used Batteries by Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rioux, Liliane

    2011-01-01

    This research is based on Kollmuss and Agyeman's mode, and aims to determine if the prerequisites for pro-environmental behaviour, such as the collection of used batteries at school, are ethical, cognitive and environmental. A questionnaire/opinionnaire was given to 102, 14-17-year-olds to gather data on: (1) their current recycling habits, (2)…

  15. Positive Attendance for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bristow, Richard O.

    THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Positive Attendance for Secondary Schools (PASS) is established to discourage pupils from absenting themselves from high school classes and/or frequently reporting late to class in violation of state law and school policies. This program shall be for pupils who exceed six truancies and/or unexcused…

  16. Seen and Heard, and Then Not Heard: Scottish Pupils' Experience of Democratic Educational Practice during the Transition from Primary to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Deuchar, Ross

    2009-01-01

    Education for citizenship is firmly on the policy agenda throughout Britain, and there is an expectation that teachers will create a participative, consultative ethos in schools. This paper identifies three main vehicles for pupil consultation: elected pupil councils, democratic and participative classrooms and opportunities for pupils to engage…

  17. Teacher Verbal Feedback Directed towards Secondary Pupils with Challenging Behaviour and Its Relationship to Their Behaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swinson, J.; Knight, R.

    2007-01-01

    There is a body of evidence that has linked teachers' verbal feedback to pupils with pupil behaviour. In this study teacher verbal behaviour that was directed towards those pupils that the teachers had nominated as being especially difficult to teach was examined. A series of lessons was observed in a secondary school. The quality and quantity of

  18. Disciplinary Technologies and Pupil Redisposition: School Equipment and Homework Diaries

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zaborowski, Katrin U.; Breidenstein, Georg

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores disciplinary technologies and pupil redisposition through school and teacher focus on school equipment and homework diaries. During our field research in two contrasting secondary schools, we experienced the importance of missing school equipment to teacher and school control. We also concluded that forgotten or missing school…

  19. Perspective reports of corporal punishment by pupils in Lesotho schools.

    PubMed

    Monyooe, L A

    1993-10-01

    This study surveyed reports of practices of corporal punishment at secondary schools in Lesotho by 60 randomly selected pupils. There were 34 males and 26 females, whose mean age was 21 years, with a range between 14 and 29 years. Responses to a questionnaire confirmed that punishment was associated with pupils' reports of academic impairment, psychological damage, and physical injury. PMID:8234604

  20. Pupils' Perceptions of Safety at School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cowie, Helen; Oztug, Ozhan

    2008-01-01

    The research reported in this article was carried out in four secondary schools, two with a peer support system (PS) and two without (NPS) and involved a total of 931 pupils, (49.5 per cent males, and 50.5 per cent females). Participants were aged between 11 and 15 years of age, mean age 12.8 years. The aim was to compare the perceptions of safety…

  1. School Outcomes: Sharing the Responsibility between Pupil and School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thanassoulis, Emmanuel; Portela, Maria Da Conceicao A. Silva

    2002-01-01

    Uses a Data Envelopment Analysis based approach to decompose pupil underattainment into that attributable to the school the pupil attends and that attributable to the pupil. Approach measures pupil attainment in terms of value added. Results suggest that at current levels of school effectiveness, a pupil's own application accounts for the major…

  2. School Lights and Problem Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treichel-Arehart, Joan

    1974-01-01

    Pilot project results indicate that under certain conditions, fluorescent lighting may cause or aggravate hyperactivity in school children. Drawing on observations made in photobiological research, a new type of lighting was developed. Teachers in two experimental classrooms reported improvement in hyperactive pupils, which was also verified by

  3. Middle School Pupils Write Haiku.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Pupils in the middle school can be motivated to enjoy and write haiku poetry. A student teacher taught two lessons to a sixth grade class in haiku writing. First, the student teacher read three haikus aloud to students. After discovering the characteristics of a haiku from two models, the class as a whole wrote a haiku based on slides from their…

  4. School Lights and Problem Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Treichel-Arehart, Joan

    1974-01-01

    Pilot project results indicate that under certain conditions, fluorescent lighting may cause or aggravate hyperactivity in school children. Drawing on observations made in photobiological research, a new type of lighting was developed. Teachers in two experimental classrooms reported improvement in hyperactive pupils, which was also verified by…

  5. Pupils' Views on School Transportation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Solstad, Karl Johan

    1975-01-01

    The main question that the present study attempted to throw some light upon is whether or not an organziation that forces substantial numbers of rural pupils to travel 10-15 kilometers or more twice a day is acting contradictory to the aim of making school life enjoyable. (Author/RK)

  6. The Impossibility of Minority Ethnic Educational "Success"? An Examination of the Discourses of Teachers and Pupils in British Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archer, Louise

    2008-01-01

    This article argues that in Britain dominant educational discourses of "the ideal pupil" exclude minority ethnic pupils and prevent them from inhabiting a position of authentic "success". It suggests that "the successful pupil" is a desired yet refused subject position for many minority ethnic young people--even for those who are (to some extent)…

  7. The Meaning of Life among Secondary School Pupils. A Theoretical Framework and Some Initial Results. Research Bulletin 65.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Niemi, Hannele

    This monograph reports on an empirical survey of 394 secondary school students investigating their desire to seek the meaning of their own lives. The theoretical framework upon which the study was based is that of Viktor E. Frankl's hypotheses that a human being wants to seek the meaning in his own life. The questionnaire consisted of tests…

  8. Study Behaviour and Achievement in Science of Form Five Pupils in Two Secondary Schools in Kuala Lumpur.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gan, Siowck Lee

    1984-01-01

    This study sought to obtain insight into the pattern of relationships between students' achievement in science and study behavior variables. Surveyed were 17-year-olds in the science stream of two secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur. Sex differences were found. (MNS)

  9. Brief Report: Multilevel Analysis of School Smoking Policy and Pupil Smoking Behaviour in Wales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiium, Nora; Burgess, Stephen; Moore, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    A multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey involving 1941 pupils (in grades 10 and 11) and policy indicators developed from interviews with staff from 45 secondary schools in Wales examined the hypotheses that pupil smoking prevalence would be associated with: restrictive staff and pupil smoking policies; dissemination of school

  10. Successful Placement or Displacement in the Transition from School to Vocational Training: The Case of Lower Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skrobanek, Jan; Reissig, Birgit; Muller, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    A system of qualification options has evolved that is complementary to company-based and school-based vocational training. Thus far, these alternatives have been largely disregarded by vocational education research. Yet with respect to the number of annual entries, those alternatives are currently nearly as significant as conventional vocational…

  11. Pupil Control in the School Climate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schmidt, Linda J.; Jacobson, Michael H.

    Pupil control (discipline) takes on different forms in different schools, and among different teachers in the same school. Pupil control has been described as existing along a continuum from humanistic to custodial. The prototype of the custodial orientation is the school that provides a rigid and highly controlled setting concerned primarily with…

  12. Pupils as GIS-Experts in the Context of Flood Risk - An Interactive Learning Environment for Secondary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goetzke, Roland; Hodam, Henryk; Rienow, Andreas; Voß, Kerstin

    2013-04-01

    Floods and their destructive consequences for local residents are distributed in the media periodically and are, accordingly, noticed by students. Especially the discussion about the impacts of an anthropogenic climate change on the frequency of extreme events reinforces the importance of addressing the subject in school curricula. Remote sensing and GIS offer a wide range of methods for analyzing problems of vulnerability and risk, but are normally not recognized in school education. Reasons for this are: teachers have not been taught how to use and interpret remote sensing data, and there is only little material or software which can be integrated into school lessons without considerable effort. The main goal of the German FIS-project ("Fernerkundung in Schulen" - "Remote Sensing in Schools") is the development of easy-to-use e-learning material in order to apply remote sensing methods in schools and thereby enforcing learning mechanisms based on the moderate constructivist learning theory. The interactive learning unit "Floods - Dealing with a constant threat" is a learning module for a double lesson that enables young students from age 12 to 16 to use geo data for a site analysis especially focusing on the threat of floods. Following a guiding question from a real-world situation, the students are in demand as experts for site analyses and, in the process, need to identify problems arising with a location decision. Their investigation includes measurements in the three-dimensional space of a study area near the Rhine River. Therefore the students are provided with data from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), a satellite image and several GIS-layers. The different data sets have to be combined in order to achieve valuable results. At certain points the pupils need to reflect their decisions after incorporating new information against the background of flood risk. The presented learning module is designed in Flash and, thus, is platform-independent. It is freely available on the project's website. While animations impart background information, e.g. the generation of a DEM, the main module relies on real-time simulation. The learning module incorporates elements of game-based learning by making use of interactive simulations and design elements appealing to children and adolescents in order to engage them with the story, but it has a strong focus on the appropriate use of geo data in a scientific context all the same.

  13. Negation Frequencies in Pupils' Aural School Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irving, Eugene; Lazerson, Barbara Hunt

    1975-01-01

    This paper extended the investigation of the concept of negation into actual classroom environments by ascertaining the frequency with which pupils at three different elementary school academic levels are expected to process teacher-initiated oral statements (the pupils' aural school environment) which contain selected negation elements.…

  14. Tomorrow's Workforce: School Pupils' Views of a Career in Hospitality. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tregaskis, Olga; And Others

    A survey involving 1,024 secondary pupils and 22 career educators from schools throughout the United Kingdom collected information on pupils' perceptions of entering the hotel and catering industry as a career. The research looked in detail at the job expectations of pupils, the status they associated with hotel and catering and nonhotel and…

  15. Brief Report: Multilevel Analysis of School Smoking Policy and Pupil Smoking Behaviour in Wales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiium, Nora; Burgess, Stephen; Moore, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    A multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey involving 1941 pupils (in grades 10 and 11) and policy indicators developed from interviews with staff from 45 secondary schools in Wales examined the hypotheses that pupil smoking prevalence would be associated with: restrictive staff and pupil smoking policies; dissemination of school…

  16. The Influence of Parents and Teachers on the Deep Learning Approach of Pupils in Norwegian Upper-Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elstad, Eyvind; Christophersen, Knut-Andreas; Turmo, Are

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this article was to explore the influence of parents and teachers on the deep learning approach of pupils by estimating the strength of the relationships between these factors and the motivation, volition and deep learning approach of Norwegian 16-year-olds. Method: Structural equation modeling for cross-sectional…

  17. The Influence of Parents and Teachers on the Deep Learning Approach of Pupils in Norwegian Upper-Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elstad, Eyvind; Christophersen, Knut-Andreas; Turmo, Are

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this article was to explore the influence of parents and teachers on the deep learning approach of pupils by estimating the strength of the relationships between these factors and the motivation, volition and deep learning approach of Norwegian 16-year-olds. Method: Structural equation modeling for cross-sectional

  18. Including Pupils with Special Educational Needs in Secondary School Physical Education: A Sociological Analysis of Teachers' Views

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Andrew; Green, Ken

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores physical education (PE) teachers' views of the inclusion of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in PE from a figurational sociological perspective. Starting from the premise that teachers' views cannot be adequately explained by studying the concept of inclusion or the teacher in isolation, it is argued that we can only…

  19. Metalinguistic Awareness and Academic Achievement in a Linguistically Diverse School Setting: A Study of Lower Secondary Pupils in Denmark

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spellerberg, Stine Marie

    2016-01-01

    This study focuses on metalinguistic awareness (MLA) and its relation to academic achievement for mono-, bi- and multilingual adolescents in Denmark. While MLA is one of several cognitive measures positively related to bilingualism and bilingualism is associated with academic advantages, Danish bi-/multilingual pupils appear not to benefit from…

  20. The Influence of Graphic Calculators on Secondary School Pupils' Ways of Thinking about the Topic "Positivity and Negativity of Functions"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu-Naja, Muhammad

    2008-01-01

    Our research project examined the effects of graphic calculators amongst ninth grade pupils from Arab society in the Negev area in Israel. The goal of this research was to discover and characterise the ways of thinking in this population about the concept of positivity and negativity of functions. To perform this investigation we compared two

  1. Cochlear Implanted Pupils in Scottish Schools: 4-Year School Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thoutenhoofd, Ernst

    2006-01-01

    The Achievements of Deaf Pupils in Scotland (ADPS) project has been tracking the educational attainment of deaf pupils in Scotland's schools since 2000. At the time of writing, the database contains records for 1,752 deaf pupils (2000--2005). Here 4-year aggregate educational attainment data are reported for a subset of 152 school-aged deaf pupils…

  2. Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Bahri

    2010-01-01

    Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for

  3. Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Bahri

    2010-01-01

    Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

  4. Organizational justice at school and its associations with pupils' psychosocial school environment, health, and wellbeing.

    PubMed

    Elovainio, Marko; Pietikäinen, Minna; Luopa, Pauliina; Kivimäki, Mika; Ferrie, Jane E; Jokela, Jukka; Suominen, Sakari; Vahtera, Jussi; Virtanen, Marianna

    2011-12-01

    It has been shown that the psychosocial environment perceived by school staff is associated with children's academic performance and wellbeing. In this study we examined the associations between organizational justice (procedural and relational justice) as reported by school staff and pupils' perceptions of their school environment, health problems, academic performance, and absenteeism. We combined data from two surveys: for the staff (the Finnish Public Sector Study, n = 1946) and pupils (the Finnish school health promotion survey, n = 11,781 boys and 12,842 girls) of 136 secondary schools, collected during 2004-2005. Multilevel cumulative logistic regression analyses showed that after adjustment for potential individual and school-level confounding factors, low procedural justice was associated with pupils' dissatisfaction with school-going. Low relational justice was associated with a 1.30 times higher risk of poor academic performance, 1.15 times higher risk of psychosomatic symptoms and 1.13 times higher risk of depressive symptoms among pupils. Both organizational justice components were associated with truancy. We concluded that staff perceptions of organizational justice at school are associated with pupils' reports of their psychosocial school environment, health, performance, and absenteeism due to truancy. Improving managerial and decision making procedures among school personnel may be an important factor for protecting pupils' academic performance and wellbeing. PMID:22019366

  5. Capturing the Pupil Voice of Secondary Gifted and Talented Students Who Had Attended an Enrichment Programme in Their Infant School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houghton, Chris

    2014-01-01

    The study was conducted during the Easter holidays of 2010 at Rawmarsh City Learning Centre with 16 students from school years 8 to 11 who had participated, during their infant years, in a gifted and talented Key Stage One Enrichment Cluster. The students represented a wide range of backgrounds, and five were identified as being on the autistic

  6. Capturing the Pupil Voice of Secondary Gifted and Talented Students Who Had Attended an Enrichment Programme in Their Infant School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houghton, Chris

    2014-01-01

    The study was conducted during the Easter holidays of 2010 at Rawmarsh City Learning Centre with 16 students from school years 8 to 11 who had participated, during their infant years, in a gifted and talented Key Stage One Enrichment Cluster. The students represented a wide range of backgrounds, and five were identified as being on the autistic…

  7. Academic Achievement, Pupil Participation and Integration of Group Work Skills in Secondary School Classrooms in Trinidad and Barbados

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layne, Anthony; Jules, Vena; Kutnick, Peter; Layne, Clarissa

    2008-01-01

    Studies have shown a positive relationship between a rise in schooling levels and economic production [World Bank, 2005. A Time to Choose: Caribbean Development in the 21st Century. World Bank, Washington, DC; Jules, V., Panneflek, A., 2000. EFA in the Caribbean: Assessment 2000, Sub-Regional Report, vol. 2, The State of Education in the Caribbean…

  8. North Yorkshire Schools' Responses to Pupil Bereavement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Holland, John; McLennan, Derek

    2015-01-01

    This was a research project carried out in North Yorkshire schools by the loss and bereavement research group of the Educational Psychology Service. The background was an interest in how schools responded to bereaved pupils, whether they had a structured response, trained staff and training needs, from where they sought support and the level of…

  9. Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mosothwane, Modise

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average

  10. Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mosothwane, Modise

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

  11. Middle School Pupils Write Legends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    A sixth-grade student teacher developed and implemented a unit on creative writing, and one lesson in the unit on writing legends was particularly successful. A discussion of Davy Crockett and the legends surrounding his life, began the lesson. The student teacher then introduced trade books from the library station for the pupils to read.…

  12. Gender Context of Schooling and Levels of Stress among Early Adolescent Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brutsaert, Herman; Van Houtte, Mieke

    2004-01-01

    In present analysis, an attempt is made to identify perceived social support mechanisms through which the gender composition of the school may influence pupils' stress responses. Use was made of data from 68 academically oriented secondary schools in Flanders, Belgium. Of these schools, 25 were mixed-sex schools and 43 were single-sex schools (21…

  13. Manual for School Administrators on Pupil Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tennessee State Dept. of Education, Nashville.

    Guiding principles, state laws, and state board rules and regulations are covered, providing school administrators with a ready reference in the field of pupil transportation. Divided into three sections, the manual initially covers administrative procedures including--(1) the purchase of buses, (2) bus maintenance, (3) employment of drivers, (4)…

  14. Appropriate Pupilness: Social Categories Intersecting in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kofoed, Jette

    2008-01-01

    The analytical focus in this article is on how social categories intersect in daily school life and how intersections intertwine with other empirically relevant categories such as normality, pupilness and (in)appropriatedness. The point of empirical departure is a daily ritual where teams for football are selected. The article opens up for a…

  15. Negative Home Influence and Pupil School Success.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Soar, Robert S.; Soar, Ruth M.

    The study was devised to examine the empirical relations between selected home influences and a number of aspects of pupil growth in school, both academic and personal-social. Data was compiled on 559 children, in grades 3 through 6, from a metropolitan area in South Carolina. Data from a concurrent project noted that these were atypical…

  16. Shaping Attitude toward Christianity among Year Seven Pupils: The Influence of Sex, Church, Home and Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swindells, Tracy; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2010-01-01

    This study set out to examine the differences in attitude toward Christianity among year seven secondary school pupils who had undertaken their primary education either in a Church of England voluntary aided school or a non-denominational state-maintained school. Data were provided by 492 year-seven pupils attending three Church of England…

  17. Shaping Attitude toward Christianity among Year Seven Pupils: The Influence of Sex, Church, Home and Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swindells, Tracy; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2010-01-01

    This study set out to examine the differences in attitude toward Christianity among year seven secondary school pupils who had undertaken their primary education either in a Church of England voluntary aided school or a non-denominational state-maintained school. Data were provided by 492 year-seven pupils attending three Church of England

  18. Exploring Pupils' Perceptions of Teacher Racism in Their Context: A Case Study of Turkish and Belgian Vocational Education Pupils in a Belgian School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Peter A. J.

    2008-01-01

    This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish-speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic…

  19. Pupils' Perceptions of Discipline and Academic Standards in Belgian Coeducational and Single-Sex Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brutsaert, Herman

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, single-sex and coeducational schools are compared in terms of pupils' perceptions of disciplinary and academic climates. Use was made of data from 68 secondary schools in Flanders (Belgium). Of these schools, 25 were mixed and 43 were single-sex (21 girls, and 22 boys, schools). Respondents were third-year students: 3370 girls and…

  20. Pupil Welfare in Finnish Schools -- Communal or Falling Apart?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koskela, Teija; Määttä, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu

    2013-01-01

    The need for pupil welfare has increased in schools as has the need to renew the traditional teacher's work. The purpose of this article is to find out how committed the teachers are to pupil welfare work and how the school organisation supports pupil welfare work structurally and practically. The original research was carried out in northern…

  1. Pupil Welfare in Finnish Schools -- Communal or Falling Apart?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koskela, Teija; Mtt, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu

    2013-01-01

    The need for pupil welfare has increased in schools as has the need to renew the traditional teacher's work. The purpose of this article is to find out how committed the teachers are to pupil welfare work and how the school organisation supports pupil welfare work structurally and practically. The original research was carried out in northern

  2. Pupil Composition and Accountability: An Analysis in English Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauder, Hugh; Kounali, Daphne; Robinson, Tony; Goldstein, Harvey

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the role of social class and prior achievement composition effects on pupils' progress and the judgements made about school performance. It finds that there are small but significant compositional effects on pupil progress raising questions about how pupils can best be allocated to schools. Comparisons between the official…

  3. Vocationalizing Secondary Education: The Junior Secondary Schooling Reform of 1987 in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Osei, George M.

    2007-01-01

    This study addresses educational reform in Ghana with reference to the junior secondary schooling. The empirical data on junior secondary teachers and pupils used here is taken from a larger case study of the junior secondary school innovation in Ghana. This offers some new perspectives on the realities of Ghanaian junior secondary schooling,…

  4. Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975; High School Umbrella Number 2, School Year 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toledo, Victor

    The Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I program, Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975, had two goals: to improve reading skills by supplying an intensive program of remediation in reading and to orient incoming students to their new school environment and its staff. Participating in the program were 2807 ninth and tenth grade…

  5. Elementary Public School Pupil Rating of Teacher Effectiveness.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Follman, John

    1995-01-01

    Reviews research on elementary school pupils' ratings of teacher effectiveness. Concludes adequate research exists to generalize that pupils can rate reliably, pupils may be no more vulnerable than others to rating leniency and halo, psychometric characteristics and factor structures of rating scales resemble those of college students,…

  6. Depression among Pupils at School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Goodyer, Ian

    1993-01-01

    This paper reviews clinical characteristics of depression in school children; prevalence of depression; assessment; outcome in adult life; etiological factors (including genetics, biochemical factors, psychological factors, adverse life experiences, and friends and achievements); and treatment through pharmacotherapy and psychological treatments.…

  7. Japanese High School Teachers' Views on Pupil Misbehaviour

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyriacou, Chris

    2010-01-01

    This study aimed to explore Japanese high school teachers' views of pupil misbehaviour in order to contribute to the growing international literature on discipline in schools. A total of 141 Japanese high school teachers completed a questionnaire which explored their views regarding the factors accounting for pupil misbehaviour, the frequency of…

  8. Cooperative Learning in Science: Intervention in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topping, K. J.; Thurston, A.; Tolmie, A.; Christie, D.; Murray, P.; Karagiannidou, E.

    2011-01-01

    The use of cooperative learning in secondary school is reported--an area of considerable concern given attempts to make secondary schools more interactive and gain higher recruitment to university science courses. In this study the intervention group was 259 pupils aged 12-14 years in nine secondary schools, taught by 12 self-selected teachers.…

  9. Literacy Acceleration and the Key Stage 3 English Strategy - Comparing Two Approaches for Secondary-Age Pupils with Literacy Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lingard, Tony

    2005-01-01

    Literacy for pupils in the secondary phase of education is a key concern for practitioners and policy makers alike. Tony Lingard is the SENCo at a large comprehensive school in the south-west of England but he is also involved in staff development and school improvement initiatives across the UK. Literacy Acceleration is an intervention strategy…

  10. Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Pupils in Schools in the UK: Inclusion and "Good Practice"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhopal, Kalwant; Myers, Martin

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines inclusionary processes and examples of "good practice" in primary and secondary schools for Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in one inner London Borough in the UK. It will explore the role of the Traveller Education Service (TES) and argue that the support provided by the TES to schools is essential for the development of "good…

  11. Pupils' Perceptions of and Experiences in Team Invasion Games: A Case Study of a Scottish Secondary School and Its Three Feeder Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gray, Shirley; Sproule, John; Wang, C. K. John

    2008-01-01

    It has been claimed that young children in schools in Scotland cannot relate to the activities that are taught in the more "traditional" PE curriculum, activities that predominately include team invasion games (TIG) such as basketball, soccer and hockey (Scottish Executive, 2004). However, one of the issues with this claim is that it does not…

  12. Exclusion from School: What Can "Included" Pupils Tell Us?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McCluskey, Gillean

    2008-01-01

    Indiscipline in schools in the UK continues to be the subject of fierce debate. The views of young people as pupils in these schools continue to be marginalised despite their centrality to this debate and their ability to offer a unique set of perspectives. An exploration of the views of a generality of pupils suggests the need to challenge many…

  13. Faith Schools and Pupils' Progress through Primary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeshanew, Tilaye; Schagen, Ian; Evans, Suzanne

    2008-01-01

    The impact of faith schools on the performance and progress of their pupils has been studied using data from the National Pupil Database (NPD). The value-added analysis was carried out using multilevel modelling, controlling for prior attainment as well as a range of background variables, including ethnicity, sex, eligibility for free school meals…

  14. "Art Can Be Beautiful--If You Understand It...": Learning Effects of Arts Education Projects among Secondary School Pupils in the Netherlands.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haanstra, Folkert; Van Hoorn, Marjo

    2002-01-01

    Describes Dutch experimental theatre and dance projects in which the artists themselves participated in the preparatory lessons and/or subsequent workshop. Compares learning experiences of pupils 14 to 16 years of age who participated in the projects. Shows that besides gender and level of education, the involvement of the artist significantly

  15. Class-Size Effects in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krassel, Karl Fritjof; Heinesen, Eskil

    2014-01-01

    We analyze class-size effects on academic achievement in secondary school in Denmark exploiting an institutional setting where pupils cannot predict class size prior to enrollment, and where post-enrollment responses aimed at affecting realized class size are unlikely. We identify class-size effects combining a regression discontinuity design with…

  16. Feedback in Educational Communication in Czech Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedova, Klara; Svaricek, Roman

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces an empirical study that examines how teachers evaluate pupils' responses. The study draws on research undertaken at four secondary schools in the Czech Republic. It transpires that feedback has a stable position in the structure of communication; however, it is used only to verify pupils' responses and not to elaborate them.…

  17. Pupil Services for the Inner-City "House" School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bowden, Delbert Anton

    A model program of pupil services for Chicago's inner-city high schools is proposed. It is based on the house plan of school organization, wherein a large comprehensive high school is divided into small sub-divisions called houses. The deficiencies and unmet goals of Chicago's inner-city high schools (e.g., low attendance, high dropout rate) are…

  18. Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Garber, Lee O.; Seitz, Reynolds C.

    1971-01-01

    Discusses recent court litigation concerning legal rights and responsibilities of pupils covering procedural due process, grooming and appearance, regulation of speech and publications, liability for pupil injuries, and racial integration. (JF)

  19. Factors associated with pupil toilet use in kenyan primary schools.

    PubMed

    Garn, Joshua V; Caruso, Bethany A; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D; Kramer, Michael R; Brumback, Babette A; Rheingans, Richard D; Freeman, Matthew C

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils' use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils' use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils' use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

  20. Education about environmental issues, conservation, and management: a study of form four secondary school pupils' concerns about environmental issues in Kenya

    SciTech Connect

    Maghenda, W.M.

    1985-01-01

    The purpose of this study is threefold: first, to develop and administer a questionnaire designed to determine Kenyan students' concerns about environmental issues; second to investigate the primary environmental factors facing the country; and finally, to utilize the findings of the study to develop a conceptual framework for environmental education in Kenya. To develop an environmental education framework for Kenya, baseline data was obtained from a survey of Form IV secondary school students' concerns about environmental issues. A split-half technique was used to establish the reliability of the questionnaire. Factor analysis was used to test the construct validity of the questionnaire and as a data reduction method. This technique resulted in reducing the 81 items developed for the study to eight Factor as follows: (F1) Land use and health stresses; (F2) Community environmental risks; (F3) National environmental problems; (F4) Careless land use practices at community level; (F5) Socioeconomic elements; (F6) Sources of environmental information; (F7) Careless land use at national level; and (F8) Primary population pressures. Results are presented briefly.

  1. Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Helena

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…

  2. Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Helena

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire

  3. REPORT OF SPECIAL STUDY OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PUPILS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    JOHNSON, THERON A.

    TO IDENTIFY THE ETHNIC BACKGROUNDS OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN NEW YORK STATE, THE DIVISION OF INTERCULTURAL RELATIONS MAILED QUESTIONNAIRES TO 882 SCHOOL DISTRICTS WITH AT LEAST ONE ELEMENTARY SCHOOL BUILDING. FOR THE QUESTIONNAIRE ETHNIC GROUPS WERE DESIGNATED AS "NEGRO,""WHITE,""PUERTO RICAN," AND "OTHER." AS OF THE PRINTING OF THIS REPORT,…

  4. Central ESEA Title I Remedial Services for Eligible Nonpublic School Pupils: Clinical and Guidance Services, School Year 1975-1976.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesser, Saal D.; Mishken, Mark

    The purpose of the clinical and guidance services component of the Central Elementary and Secondary Education Act Title I Remedial Services for Eligible Nonpublic School Pupils Program was to enhance the behavior of children in relation to specific instructional skills areas. The component included students who were diagnosed as needing various…

  5. Ethnic School Segregation and Self-Esteem: The Role of Teacher-Pupil Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet

    2012-01-01

    The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants…

  6. Ethnic School Segregation and Self-Esteem: The Role of Teacher-Pupil Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet

    2012-01-01

    The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants

  7. Modernising Portugal's Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heitor, Teresa V.

    2008-01-01

    Portugal has a total of 477 public secondary schools. Some date from the end of the 19th century but the majority were built after 1970, reflecting the period of expansion in the school network and the extension of compulsory schooling. The schools are heterogeneous in terms of building types, architectural features and quality. An assessment of…

  8. Modernising Portugal's Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heitor, Teresa V.

    2008-01-01

    Portugal has a total of 477 public secondary schools. Some date from the end of the 19th century but the majority were built after 1970, reflecting the period of expansion in the school network and the extension of compulsory schooling. The schools are heterogeneous in terms of building types, architectural features and quality. An assessment of

  9. School Environment and Satisfaction with Schooling among Primary School Pupils in Ondo State, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aina, Stephen Ileoye

    2015-01-01

    Modern school environments put emphasis on adequate and qualitative facilities to promote conducive teaching and learning environments, the deplorable conditions of the primary schools has become worrisome to the state government and education stakeholders. The study investigated the school environment and pupils' satisfaction with schooling in…

  10. Sexually Inappropriate or Abusive Behaviour among Pupils in Special Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fyson, Rachel

    2009-01-01

    In this article, Rachel Fyson of the Centre for Social Work in the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Nottingham reports the findings of a study into sexually inappropriate or abusive behaviour occurring between pupils in special schools in four local authorities in England. The behaviours identified ranged from relatively…

  11. The Antlion Project with School Pupils in Zomba, Malawi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an account of a practical outdoor science project using the larvae of antlions with year 5 and 6 (age 10-11) pupils from Sir Harry Johnston International Primary School in Zomba, Malawi. Aim: To conduct a science project outdoors using scientific enquiry and knowledge in a typical African school environment and to see whether

  12. The Antlion Project with School Pupils in Zomba, Malawi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an account of a practical outdoor science project using the larvae of antlions with year 5 and 6 (age 10-11) pupils from Sir Harry Johnston International Primary School in Zomba, Malawi. Aim: To conduct a science project outdoors using scientific enquiry and knowledge in a typical African school environment and to see whether…

  13. Does the Index of Segregation Matter? The Composition of Secondary Schools in England since 1996

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a new analysis of segregation between schools in terms of pupils living in poverty, for all secondary schools in England from 1996 to 2005. This shows that the clustering of similar pupils in specific schools increased noticeably from 1996 to 2001, but then settled at a level still below that of 1989 when official records…

  14. Does the Index of Segregation Matter? The Composition of Secondary Schools in England since 1996

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a new analysis of segregation between schools in terms of pupils living in poverty, for all secondary schools in England from 1996 to 2005. This shows that the clustering of similar pupils in specific schools increased noticeably from 1996 to 2001, but then settled at a level still below that of 1989 when official records

  15. Measuring Gains in Pupils' Foreign Language Competence as a Result of Participation in a School Exchange Visit: The Case of Y9 Pupils at Three Comprehensive Schools in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, Michael; Fisher, Linda

    2005-01-01

    This article examines evidence provided by quantitative and qualitative measurement of second language (L2) proficiency by elementary-level learners of French, following participation in a school foreign exchange visit. Based on a study consisting of a controlled analysis of test results from 68 pupils studying French at three secondary schools in…

  16. Finnish pupils' perceptions of health education as a school subject.

    PubMed

    Aira, Tuula; Välimaa, Raili; Paakkari, Leena; Villberg, Jari; Kannas, Lasse

    2014-09-01

    Only a few countries have introduced health education (HE) as a stand-alone school subject. In Finland every pupil in basic education grades 7-9 takes three obligatory courses in HE. This study investigated Finnish pupils' perceptions of the teaching and learning of HE. It also explored how school- and family-related background variables are associated with these perceptions. Nationally representative data were obtained from a 2010 school-based study on Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). A total of 4262 pupils from 7th and 9th grades (13 and 15 years old) responded anonymously to the questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between perceptions of HE and school- and family-related background variables. The majority of the pupils had positive perceptions of HE. In terms of their own learning, girls' perceptions were more positive than boys': 86% of 13- and 15-year-old girls agreed that HE classes had taught them to think about the advantages and disadvantages of various health behaviours, whereas only 79% of boys shared this opinion. School engagement had the strongest association with perceptions of HE: the more positive the attitudes towards school, the more positive were the perceptions of HE. Older girls perceived their learning and their participation in class discussions more positively than younger ones, and older boys were more critical of the teaching than younger ones. The pupils' educational aspirations were not associated with their perceptions of HE, and perceived family affluence was associated only with girls' perceptions of participation in HE classes. The pupils' feedback on HE was positive and encouraging. There is a demand for the subject in society, and HE seems to have the potential to augment young people's positive attitudes towards health issues, and to enhance their health literacy. PMID:24609436

  17. The Island of Terra: A Computer-Aided Simulation of World Resources Problems Designed for Lower-Achieving Secondary School Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watson, Robert

    1983-01-01

    Describes the computer-assisted environmental-educational game TERRA, which is designed to encourage lower-ability high school students to think at their own level about the future of their world. Based on "The Limits to Growth" (Meadows et al., 1972), the game comprises four programs: Terra Firma, Terradactyl, Inflation, and Doubles. (EAO)

  18. Are Polish Primary School Pupils in Favor of Wearing Uniforms? Snapshot Comment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asotska, Julia; Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Brown, Veda E.; Kritsonis, Wiilliam Allan

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss whether Polish primary school pupils want to wear uniforms, and it is motivated by the Polish government's recently proposed policy: Zero Tolerance for Violence at School. Seventy one pupils, who attend Podstawowka Nr30 school in Cracow, were surveyed, and the authors found that most pupils are not in…

  19. School Bus and School Pupil Activity Bus Inspection and Maintenance Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sowash, Fred W.

    This publication deals with suggested maintenance standards that apply to vehicles used for pupil transportation in California and covers all the safety-related systems that are common to most buses. The guide has been prepared to help all school bus and school pupil activity bus operators set up an inspection and preventive maintenance program…

  20. Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools

    PubMed Central

    Garn, Joshua V.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D.; Kramer, Michael R.; Brumback, Babette A.; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

  1. Middle School Pupil Writing and the Word Processor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Pupils in middle schools should have ample opportunities to write with the use of word processors. Legible writing in longhand will always be necessary in selected situations but, nevertheless, much drudgery is taken care of when using a word processor. Word processors tend to be very user friendly in that few mechanical skills are needed by the…

  2. Including Pupils with Special Educational Needs in Schools in Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Greville, Eamonn

    2009-01-01

    These guidelines offer information on space planning and design for school principals, boards of management and designers to make permanent learning facilities available for pupils with special educational needs across the 26 counties of Ireland. The guidelines reflect many of the recent changes in the country's educational system, changes that…

  3. Early Career Challenges in Secondary School Music Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Welch, G.; Purves, R.; Hargreaves, D.; Marshall, N.

    2011-01-01

    The article reports an Economic and Social Research Council-funded study of the early career experiences of secondary school music teachers in England, set within a wider national picture of decreasing age-related pupil engagement with school music, career perceptions of music teaching, variable patterns of teacher recruitment and possible…

  4. Standards for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Southern Association of Colleges and Schools, Atlanta, GA. Commission on Secondary Schools.

    This bulletin, a companion piece to that described in TM 000 112, describes the role of the Commission on Secondary Schools in the development of standards and the formulation of accreditation procedures aimed at improving the schools of the South. It delineates the broad principles and standards required for accreditation and indicates the…

  5. [Effectiveness of School-Based Life Skills Programmes on Secondary Schoolchildren in a High Risk Sample].

    PubMed

    Menrath, I; Prüßmann, M; Müller-Godeffroy, E; Prüßmann, C; Ottova, V; Ravens-Sieberer, U; Thyen, U

    2015-09-01

    Based on a randomized controlled multicentre-design the effect of school-based life skills programmes was investigated in a sample of 102 classes of secondary schools (Hauptschulen) in northern Germany. Self-reports of 1,057 pupils showed positive effects of the programmes on the reduction of smoking. Pupils' life skills improved in the teachers' assessment. The social and the migration status did not moderate the results. Both pupils and teachers evaluated the programmes very positive. PMID:24081558

  6. Pupils' Perceptions of Sex and Reproductive Health Education in Primary Schools in Tanzania: A Phenomenological Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kapinga, Orestes Silverius; Hyera, Daniel Frans

    2015-01-01

    This study explored pupils' perceptions of sex and reproductive health education in primary schools in Tanzania. Specifically, the study aimed at (i) exploring pupils' views on sex and reproductive health education in primary schools; (ii) determining opinions on the appropriateness of sex and reproductive health education for pupils in primary…

  7. School Discipline, Educational Interest and Pupil Wisdom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    MacAllister, James

    2013-01-01

    In this article, the concept of school discipline will be explored in relation to that of educational interest. Initially, Clark's account of two different kinds of school order (discipline and control) will be explained. The interest-based theory of school discipline advanced by Pat Wilson will thereafter be analysed. It will be argued that both…

  8. Effectiveness of a Computer-Mediated Simulations Program in School Biology on Pupils' Learning Outcomes in Cell Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiboss, Joel K.; Ndirangu, Mwangi; Wekesa, Eric W.

    2004-01-01

    Biology knowledge and understanding is important not only for the conversion of the loftiest dreams into reality for a better life of individuals but also for preparing secondary pupils for such fields as agriculture, medicine, biotechnology, and genetic engineering. But a recent study has revealed that many aspects of school science (biology

  9. Effectiveness of a Computer-Mediated Simulations Program in School Biology on Pupils' Learning Outcomes in Cell Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiboss, Joel K.; Ndirangu, Mwangi; Wekesa, Eric W.

    2004-01-01

    Biology knowledge and understanding is important not only for the conversion of the loftiest dreams into reality for a better life of individuals but also for preparing secondary pupils for such fields as agriculture, medicine, biotechnology, and genetic engineering. But a recent study has revealed that many aspects of school science (biology…

  10. Aspirations and Assumptions: A Researcher's Account of Pupil Involvement in School-Based Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mearns, Tessa L.; Coyle, Do; de Graaff, Rick

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a research project conducted in collaboration with 10 "pupil co-researchers" (PCRs) and their classes in a secondary school in the Netherlands. The main research tools employed were online and face-to-face group discussions, in which PCRs contributed as consultants, co-designers and assistants. The research proved a…

  11. Determining Pupil Participation Through School Mapping Procedures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iqbal, Shahid; Eastmond, Jefferson N.

    As part of the project to universalize primary education in Pakistan by the mid-1980's, 1977 participation rates of boys and girls in rural primary schools in the Federal Capitol Territory have been determined through school mapping procedures. In three of four Territorial headquarters areas about 35% of boys and between 7% and 16% of girls attend…

  12. LEA Inclusion Trends in England, 1997-2001: Statistics on Special School Placements & Pupils with Statements in Special Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norwich, Brahm

    This is the seventh analysis of the percentages of pupils aged 5 to 15 in special schools and the percentages of pupils aged 5 to 15 with statements in special schools. The analysis is based on the official Department for Education and Skills data of indicators for England. Findings indicate the national percentage of 5- to 15-year-old pupils in…

  13. A qualitative study exploring pupil and school staff perceptions of school meal provision in England.

    PubMed

    Day, Rhiannon E; Sahota, Pinki; Christian, Meaghan S; Cocks, Kim

    2015-11-14

    Despite recent attempts to improve the quality of school meals in England through the introduction of school meal standards, uptake remains low. Since the introduction of the universal infant free school meal (UIFSM) scheme in September 2014 all pupils in Reception, Year 1 and Year 2 in English state-funded primary schools are eligible to receive a free lunch. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of pupils, catering managers and head teachers concerning school meal provision in eight primary schools in North England and provides a unique insight into each school's preparation for implementation of UIFSM. A total of thirty-two focus groups were conducted with sixty-four pupils aged 7-8 years (Year 3) and sixty-four pupils aged 9-10 years (Year 5) in June-July 2014, to explore perceptions of school meals. Interviews were carried out with six catering managers and five head teachers concerning catering and the impending implementation of UIFSM. Increasing acceptance of school meals could lead to improved uptake. Pupils desired increased choice and menu variety, including greater variety of vegetables and fruit. Caterers can influence the quantity and types of foods offered to pupils, and there are opportunities for them to promote healthy eating behaviours in the dining room. The important roles of school meal providers, caterers, pupils and parents need to be recognised to improve delivery and acceptability of school meals and ultimately school meal uptake. There were practical challenges to implementation of UIFSM, with some concerns expressed over its feasibility. Head teachers were mainly positive about the potential beneficial impacts of the scheme. PMID:26329922

  14. Religious Identity Development of Adolescents in Christian Secondary Schools: Effects of School and Religious Backgrounds of Adolescents and Their Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bertram-Troost, Gerdien D.; de Roos, Simone A.; Miedema, Siebren

    2007-01-01

    This study examines religious identity development of pupils at Dutch schools for secondary education (mean age 16.4). With the help of a theoretical conceptualization of "religious identity development" empirical research is carried out. Main question is whether differences in terms of religious commitment and exploration between pupils of the…

  15. Autistic Spectrum and Inclusion: Including Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Mainstream Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Humphrey, Neil

    2008-01-01

    The number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) being educated in mainstream schools is increasing. However, there is growing concern about their educational experiences. Research suggests that such pupils make easy targets for bullies, and are considered difficult to teach by teachers. Furthermore, pupils with ASD are more than 20…

  16. How Pupils with Severe Visual Impairment Describe Coping with Reading Activities in the Norwegian Inclusive School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vik, Astrid Kristin; Lassen, Liv M.

    2010-01-01

    This article explores how 11 pupils with severe visual impairment cope with reading activities in inclusive Norwegian schools. All pupils received instruction in braille and print, and used an audio-text format. Having multiple reading options provided possibilities for pupils to achieve reading skills, but also generated stress. Theories of…

  17. Pupils' Thinking and Course Requirements in Science Teaching (EKNA). Newsletter School Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersson, Bjorn; And Others

    The ENKA Project is concerned with two major problem areas: the conceptions of physical and chemical phenomena, central to an upper level course, held by compulsory school pupils (grades 7-9) and the implications from descriptions of pupils' conceptions and ways of reasoning for current teaching practice. To determine conceptions held, pupils were

  18. Alienation and Achievement Among Oglala Sioux Secondary School Students. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spilka, Bernard

    As a final report on alienation and achievement among 753 Oglala Sioux secondary school students on the Pine Ridge Reservation, this document attempts to portray the circumstances affecting the Indian child in school. To provide a basis for comparison, the sample also contained 855 white secondary school pupils. General findings which are believed…

  19. Appraising Composing in Secondary-School Music Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Major, Angela E.

    2008-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to define music appraisal and to explore the role that talk plays in the process of helping pupils in secondary school music lessons to develop their appraisal skills. This paper offers a definition of appraisal, and traces its developing role in the National Curriculum in England since the early 1990s. The role of…

  20. The Effect of School Size on Exam Performance in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bradley, Steve; Taylor, Jim

    1998-01-01

    Examines the effects of school size on exam performance for pupils in their final year of compulsory education in England. Background information about English secondary schools and the determinants of exam performance are discussed along with a description of the variables used in the econometric analysis and their expected effects on exam…

  1. Pupil behaviour on school buses and potential risk factors for injury: an observational study

    PubMed Central

    Peleg, Kobi

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Objective To observe pupil behaviour on school buses in Israel and identify hazards as a basis for improving school bus safety. Methods Data on student, bus driver and chaperone behaviours and on hazards associated with school buses, bus loading zones and bus stops were collected during an observational study conducted on school buses in rural communities in Israel. This report focuses on observations of student behaviour during school bus rides. Future reports will discuss the other findings. Student behaviours were assessed by means of χ2 tests and logistic regression models. Findings Observations were made on 362 rides on 125 buses on which 11 000 pupils travelled to and from school. Seatbelt use among the pupils was limited: on 23% of the rides all pupils fastened seatbelts, while on 42% none did. Seatbelt use was more frequent among primary school pupils than among older pupils. Pupil behaviours, such as rowdiness, noisiness, conflicts between pupils and not remaining seated were observed. These and other unsafe behaviours were more frequent on afternoon bus rides (odds ratio, OR: 3.2, 95% confidence interval, CI: 2.1–5.3), on routes with 5+ bus stops (OR: 4.1; 95% CI: 2.5–6.5) and on rides with primary school pupils (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.2–2.9). Conclusion Without enforcement, government regulations and seatbelt availability on school buses are not enough to ensure seatbelt usage among pupils. Bus drivers cannot be expected to enforce seatbelt use and deal with pupil misconduct while also driving safely. Innovative strategies for improving pupil behaviour on school buses are needed to increase pupil safety. PMID:20680121

  2. Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

    2013-01-01

    A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

  3. A SCHOOL'S WORK WITH URBAN DISADVANTAGED PUPILS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SCHREIBER, DANIEL

    THE "DEMONSTRATION GUIDANCE PROJECT" (PROJECT 43) WAS PLANNED IN ORDER TO DISCOVER, IDENTIFY, AND STIMULATE ACADEMICALLY ABLE STUDENTS FROM LESS PRIVILEGED GROUPS. THE TALENT SEARCH BEGAN IN 1956 AND WAS PLANNED TO RUN FOR A 6-YEAR PERIOD. STUDENT PARTICIPANTS WERE FROM NEW YORK CITY'S MANHATTANVILLE JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOL. FORTY-THREE LATER ATTENDED…

  4. Environmental Education: Pupils' Perspectives on Classroom Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hopwood, Nick

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents findings from research about pupils' experiences of environmental education in UK secondary schools. The study focused on six pupils aged 13- to 14-years-old and nearing the end of their compulsory geography education. Geography provided a relevant a curricular context for exploring pupils' experiences of environmental…

  5. Inequalities in Croatian pupils' risk behaviors associated to socioeconomic environment at school and area level: a multilevel approach.

    PubMed

    Pavic Simetin, Ivana; Kern, Josipa; Kuzman, Marina; Pförtner, Timo-Kolja

    2013-12-01

    The socioeconomic inequality in pupils' risk behaviors has been the topic of many studies with quite contradictory findings. Furthermore, the role of socioeconomic environment has been analyzed much less often than the role of individual socioeconomic status (SES). This study examined the association between school/area-level socioeconomic environment and Croatian pupils' risk behaviors (tobacco use, drunkenness, cannabis use, early sexual initiation and fighting). Data from the WHO-Collaborative 'Health Behavior in School-aged Children' study conducted in Croatia in 2006 (1601 secondary schools' pupils, aged 15) and census data were used. Multilevel logistic regression analyses, adjusted by gender, were performed. The individual level of SES explained the majority of differences in all risk behaviors among adolescents. Differences in tobacco use, early sexual initiation and fighting were more closely attributed to school level than area level, which was more closely associated with differences in adolescent drunkenness and cannabis use. At the individual level, high individual SES was associated with higher probability for tobacco use and drunkenness compared to low individual SES. Furthermore, school heterogeneity (compared to school homogeneity) and medium school-level SES (compared to low school-level SES) were associated with higher probability for cannabis use. Compared to the most advanced schools (gymnasiums), attending the least advanced schools (industrial and crafts schools) was associated with higher probability for fighting. Compared to low area-level SES, medium area-level SES was associated with higher probability for cannabis use and fighting. Conclusively, it was found that low SES at individual, school and area levels, school homogeneity and advanced school attendance play a protective role against risk behaviors. To reduce inequalities in pupils' risk behaviors, there is a need for community and school-based programs that take into consideration not only individual SES but also school- and area-level socioeconomic circumstances. PMID:24331894

  6. School Effects on Pupils' Health Behaviours: Evidence in Support of the Health Promoting School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, P.; Sweeting, H.; Leyland, A.

    2004-01-01

    Compared with the volume of research on school effects on educational outcomes, and in spite of growing interest in the health promoting school, there are very few studies that have investigated the way schools influence pupils' health behaviours. This paper reports the results of a longitudinal study of over 2000 young people in the West of…

  7. A Report on the Achievement of Elementary Pupils in Integrated Schools. McAteer Project M9-14.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purl, Mabel C.; Dawson, Judith

    Four years after the inception of a school desegregation busing program, the average reading achievement test scores of the bused pupils showed the same trends as those among the receiving pupils and pupils at unaffected schools. Tests scores among all kindergarten pupils showed an upward trend, as well as scores in the first, second, and third…

  8. Free Primary Education Policy and Pupil School Mobility in Urban Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oketch, Moses; Mutisya, Maurice; Ngware, Moses; Ezeh, Alex C.; Epari, Charles

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines pupil school mobility in urban Kenya using African Population and Health Research Centre (APHRC) household survey data which contain information on pupil transfers between schools. The aim is to identify which school characteristics attract the greatest demand for incoming transfers. The analysis reveals that there are frequent…

  9. 25 CFR 31.3 - Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR INDIANS § 31.3 Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. Indian and non-Indian children who are not eligible...

  10. 25 CFR 31.3 - Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

    2012-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2012-04-01 2011-04-01 true Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR INDIANS § 31.3 Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. Indian and non-Indian children who are not eligible...

  11. 25 CFR 31.3 - Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR

    2014-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR INDIANS § 31.3 Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. Indian and non-Indian children who are not eligible...

  12. 25 CFR 31.3 - Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

    2013-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR INDIANS § 31.3 Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. Indian and non-Indian children who are not eligible...

  13. 25 CFR 31.3 - Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. 31.3 Section 31.3 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR EDUCATION FEDERAL SCHOOLS FOR INDIANS § 31.3 Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools. Indian and non-Indian children who are not eligible...

  14. The Moral Construction of the Good Pupil Embedded in School Rules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornberg, Robert

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this field study was to investigate the hidden curriculum of school rules delimited to the moral construction of "the good pupil" embedded in the system of school rules in two primary schools. According to the findings, the rule system mediates a moral construction of the good pupil to the children, and this actually includes two

  15. School Profile: Kaitaa Secondary School, Espoo, Finland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindstrom, Marina

    1979-01-01

    Describes an international understanding program at the UNESCO Associated School, Kaitaa Secondary School in Espoo, Finland. Objectives of the program are to promote international awareness and readiness for cooperation among students in our school and abroad. (CK)

  16. Secondary Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences towards Studying in an Inclusive Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsang, Kwan Lan Vicky

    2013-01-01

    The primary aim of this research study was to investigate and compare the attitudes and perceptions of secondary pupils, with and without Special Education Needs, towards studying together on the same campus. Both qualitative and quantitative data were gathered from the use of the "On the Same Campus" questionnaire by surveying 216…

  17. A Mokken Scale to Assess Secondary Pupils' Experience of Violence in Terms of Severity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2012-01-01

    Violence assessment can potentially be improved by Item Response Theory, that is, ordinal Mokken Scale Analysis. The research question is as follows: Does Mokken Scale Analysis of secondary pupils' experience of violence result in a homogeneous, reliable, and valid unidimensional scale that fits all the requirements of Mokken scaling? The method…

  18. Is there a “school effect” on pupil outcomes? A review of multilevel studies

    PubMed Central

    Sellström, E; Bremberg, S

    2006-01-01

    Study objective The school environment is of importance for child outcomes. Multilevel analyses can separate determinants operating at an individual level from those operating at a contextual level. This paper aims to systematically review multilevel studies of school contextual effects on pupil outcomes. Design Key word searching of five databases yielded 17 cross sectional or longitudinal studies meeting the inclusion criteria. Results are summarised with reference to type of school contextual determinant. Main results Four main school effects on pupil outcomes were identified. Having a health policy or antismoking policy, a good school climate, high average socioeconomic status, and urban location had a positive effect on pupil outcomes. Outcomes under study were smoking habits, wellbeing, problem behaviour, and school achievement. Conclusions Despite the different pupil outcomes and the variety of determinants used in the included papers, a school effect was evident. However, to improve our understanding of school effects, presentations of results from multilevel studies need to be standardised. Intraclass correlation and explained between school variance give relevant information on factors in the school environment influencing pupil outcomes, and should be included in all multilevel studies. Inclusion of pupil level predictors in the multilevel models should be based on theoretical considerations of how schools and communities are interconnected and how pupils and their families are influenced by school contextual factors. PMID:16415266

  19. Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more

  20. Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…

  1. Raising the Achievement of Portuguese Pupils in British Schools: A Case Study of Good Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Demie, Feyisa; Lewis, Kirstin

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the research was to study the experiences of Portuguese heritage pupils in British schools. The main findings from empirical data suggest Portuguese children are underachieving at the end of primary education but the case study confirms that in good schools Portuguese pupils do well and have made huge improvements over the periods. The…

  2. An Examination of the Role of Nursery Education on Primary School Pupils in Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Oniwon, H. O. Evelyn

    2015-01-01

    This study examines the role of Nursery education among primary school pupils. The sole objective of the study was to find out the differences in academic achievement between primary school pupils who received nursery education and those who did not. Descriptive survey research design was adopted to achieve the study objective. Consequently, 20…

  3. Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, A. E.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary…

  4. Reading in the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Teaching English, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The topic of discussion of this issue of the journal "Teaching English" is reading instruction in the secondary school. Articles include "Reading in the Primary School" (Alastair Hendry), "Patterns of Progress" (Fergus McBride), "Teaching Reading--Whose Business?" (James Maxwell), "A Reading Policy for the Secondary School" (Iain McGillivray),…

  5. The Relationship between Schools' Costs per Pupil and Nevada School Performance Framework Index Scores in Clark County School District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rice, John; Huang, Min

    2015-01-01

    Clark County School District (CCSD) asked the Western Regional Education Laboratory (REL West) to examine the relationship between spending per pupil and Nevada School Performance Framework (NSPF) index scores in the district's schools. Data were examined from three school years (2011/12, 2012/13, 2013/14) and for three types of schools…

  6. Pupil Perspectives on the Purposes and Benefits of Studying History in High School: A View from the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haydn, Terry; Harris, Richard

    2010-01-01

    Drawing on data from 1740 pupil questionnaires and 160 pupils in focus-group interviews, the study aimed to gain insight into British pupils' ideas about why they study history at school. The paper considers the implications of these ideas for history teachers and teacher educators. The data suggest that many pupils have very vague ideas about the…

  7. Comparing Slovenian Year 8 and Year 9 Elementary School Pupils' Knowledge of Electrolyte Chemistry and Their Intrinsic Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The

  8. Comparing Slovenian Year 8 and Year 9 Elementary School Pupils' Knowledge of Electrolyte Chemistry and Their Intrinsic Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…

  9. High School Class for Gifted Pupils in Physics and Sciences and Pupils' Skills Measured by Standard and Pisa Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Djordjevic, G. S.; Pavlovic-Babic, D.

    2010-01-01

    The "High school class for students with special abilities in physics" was founded in Nis, Serbia (www.pmf.ni.ac.yu/f_odeljenje) in 2003. The basic aim of this project has been introducing a broadened curriculum of physics, mathematics, computer science, as well as chemistry and biology. Now, six years after establishing of this specialized class, and 3 years after the previous report, we present analyses of the pupils' skills in solving rather problem oriented test, as PISA test, and compare their results with the results of pupils who study under standard curricula. More precisely results are compared to the progress results of the pupils in a standard Grammar School and the corresponding classes of the Mathematical Gymnasiums in Nis. Analysis of achievement data should clarify what are benefits of introducing in school system track for gifted students. Additionally, item analysis helps in understanding and improvement of learning strategies' efficacy. We make some conclusions and remarks that may be useful for the future work that aims to increase pupils' intrinsic and instrumental motivation for physics and sciences, as well as to increase the efficacy of teaching physics and science.

  10. Educational Effectiveness in Chilean Secondary Education: Comparing Different "Value Added" Approaches to Evaluate Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muñoz-Chereau, B.; Thomas, S. M.

    2016-01-01

    This article reports an original investigation into school performance measures and the multilevel nature of pupil achievement data in the Chilean school system using a sample of 177,461 students, nested within 7146 classrooms, 2283 secondary schools and 313 municipalities. The data-set comprised Year 10 students' 2006 SIMCE test's results in two…

  11. Educational Effectiveness in Chilean Secondary Education: Comparing Different "Value Added" Approaches to Evaluate Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Muoz-Chereau, B.; Thomas, S. M.

    2016-01-01

    This article reports an original investigation into school performance measures and the multilevel nature of pupil achievement data in the Chilean school system using a sample of 177,461 students, nested within 7146 classrooms, 2283 secondary schools and 313 municipalities. The data-set comprised Year 10 students' 2006 SIMCE test's results in two

  12. Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates? An exploratory study.

    PubMed

    Turner, Katrina; West, Patrick; Gordon, Jacki; Young, Robert; Sweeting, Helen

    2006-05-01

    Schools differ in the proportion of their pupils who smoke. Such differences transcend pupil intake characteristics and relate to the internal life of the school. Although adolescents' smoking behaviour has been associated with that of their peers, little consideration has been given to whether peer structures and processes contribute to school differences in pupil smoking rates. In two relatively deprived Scottish schools, one with a higher and one with a lower rate of pupil smoking, 13 and 15 year-olds were surveyed. Sociometric data and information on pupils' smoking behaviour and views were gathered. Twenty-five single-sex discussion groups were then held with a sub-sample of the 13 year-olds in order to explore in detail their views on smoking, smokers and fellow pupils. Findings showed that in the higher smoking school, pupils were more often in groups, smokers were identified as popular, and attitudes (especially among non-smoking females) were more pro-smoking. In the lower smoking school, by contrast, there were more isolates and dyads, there were no popular smokers and attitudes (especially among non-smoking females) were much less pro-smoking. Thus, evidence suggests peer group structures and related influences could be one explanation for school differences in smoking, and that the popularity of smokers together with the views of non-smoking females may be particularly important in creating such differences. PMID:16364527

  13. The Effects of Selected School Related Variables on Geographic Knowledge of Elementary School Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Charles; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Presents results of a study determining the level of place name knowledge and map skills of middle school pupils. Explores place location, symbols, legend, scale, seasons, directions, time zones, latitude, and longitude. Reports higher scores for males, transient students, and previous students of geography. Concludes that increased instruction is

  14. The Effects of Selected School Related Variables on Geographic Knowledge of Elementary School Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Charles; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Presents results of a study determining the level of place name knowledge and map skills of middle school pupils. Explores place location, symbols, legend, scale, seasons, directions, time zones, latitude, and longitude. Reports higher scores for males, transient students, and previous students of geography. Concludes that increased instruction is…

  15. The Barriers to Achievement for White/Black Caribbean Pupils in English Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haynes, Jo; Tikly, Leon; Caballero, Chamion

    2006-01-01

    Pupils of White and Black Caribbean descent make up the largest category of mixed heritage pupils in the United Kingdom. As a group they are at risk of underachieving and are proportionally over-represented in school exclusions. Yet little is known to date about the barriers to their achievement. The common-sense explanation for their…

  16. Impact of Some Environmental Education Outdoor Activities on Nigerian Primary School Pupils' Environmental Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Olatundun, Sunday Adekojo

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of outdoor educational activities on pupils' knowledge of some environmental issues and problems. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and eighty primary 5 pupils from 12 randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria, constituted the subjects…

  17. The Last Place to Look: The Place of Pupil Councils within Citizen Participation in Scottish Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Beth; Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This article critically examines pupil councils as a means of developing pupils' citizenship participation. It draws on findings across two research projects. The first study is a mixed method study commissioned by Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS) that reviews the range of participatory activities in Scottish schools and their…

  18. Pupils' Perceptions of Bullying and Disruptions to Concentration and Attention to School Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton, Michael

    2008-01-01

    It is well known that many pupils are bullied and suffer in a variety of ways as a result. This study looks at a largely overlooked outcome of bullying that may have direct consequences for academic success--disrupted concentration and attention to school work. Using pupil perceptions as the source of data, the two main aims were to quantify the…

  19. Pupils' Voice: "My Primary School Teacher''

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Alkan, Vesile

    2013-01-01

    This study aims to explore pupils' views on how a teacher should be and the reasons for their decisions. Based on qualitative research design, focus group interviews were done with ten 5th graders from a public primary school in Turkey. These pupils were asked the following questions: "how do you think a teacher should be?" and

  20. The Rating System of the Rural School Pupils' Assessment of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bibigul, Almurzayeva; Orynkul, Shunkeyeva; Lyudmila, Karavanova; Aelita, Sagiyeva

    2015-01-01

    Currently, comprehensive school teachers of the Republic of Kazakhstan pay special attention to assessment system of pupils' knowledge based on personally oriented approach. In work "A black box: what there inside? An assessment of knowledge of pupils as a way of increase of efficiency of teaching and educational process" P. Blek and D.…

  1. Primary School Pupils' Perceptions of Water in the Context of STS Study Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…

  2. Distinctions between Computer Self-Efficacy of Pupils and Teachers in Elementary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Topolovcan, Tomislav; Matijevic, Milan

    2014-01-01

    The aim of this study was to establish whether there are differences between the computer self-efficacy of pupils and teachers (N = 507) in the context of the classroom, as a developing workplace of the teacher in elementary education. The survey covered 184 teachers and 323 pupils in elementary school. The results show that there is no…

  3. Understanding and Enhancing Pupils' Learning Progress in Schools in Deprived Communities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dann, Ruth

    2016-01-01

    This paper draws on data from the "Raising Pupil Attainment in Key Stage 1 in Stoke-on-Trent" research project. The particular focus is on how teachers, head teachers and teaching assistants (n?=?59) articulate pupils' learning success in five highly achieving schools in deprived communities. Six key themes are highlighted which are…

  4. "Closer to the Ground": Pupil "Voice" and the Development of Knowledge about Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    Most pupils, if asked, might be expected to have a view about their school and increasingly the value and significance of including pupils' perspectives in matters and decisions which affect them and their lives appears to be gaining recognition. The rationale for, and importance of, including the views and perceptions of those we have described…

  5. Impact of Some Environmental Education Outdoor Activities on Nigerian Primary School Pupils' Environmental Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Olatundun, Sunday Adekojo

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of outdoor educational activities on pupils' knowledge of some environmental issues and problems. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and eighty primary 5 pupils from 12 randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria, constituted the subjects

  6. Logical Positivism as a Tool to Analyse the Problem of Chemistry's Lack of Relevance in Secondary School Chemical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Aalsvoort, Joke

    2004-01-01

    Secondary school chemical education has a problem: namely, the seeming irrelevance to the pupils of chemistry. Chemical education prepares pupils for participation in society. Therefore, it must imply a model of society, of chemistry, and of the relation between them. In this article it is hypothesized that logical positivism currently offers this…

  7. School Finance Reform: A Weighted Pupil Formula for California. Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Governor Jerry Brown has called for a major overhaul of California's school finance policies. His proposal for a weighted pupil funding system would simplify the rules that govern the distribution of funds to schools and school districts, while targeting a larger share of available resources to the schools and students with the greatest needs. In…

  8. [Some life style elements in students from public and non-public secondary schools].

    PubMed

    Polus-Szeniawska, E

    1996-01-01

    The studies were performed on 825 school-children 16-17 years old (512 girls and 313 boys) from first and second classes of secondary schools in some district towns in our country. 406 school-children attended public and 419 non-public schools. In the study was used a questionnaire worked out in the Institute for Children and Youth in Berlin. The analysis of the data collected by our co-workers of the District Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations enable the following conclusions: In both groups of pupils from the public and non-public secondary schools similar abnormalities in their everyday life detrimental for health were found. Improper dietary habits, sleep deficits, short time for physical activity belonged to the most important and most frequent lifestyle abnormalities. 18% of the respondents went to school without eating breakfast at home, 19% took their breakfast not every day and 3% of the examined pupils don't eat breakfast at all. During the working-days 14% of pupils were eating no warm meal. This was the cause more frequent in pupils from non-public schools (19%) than from public schools (4%). 18% of the respondents were eating not always dinner on working days. 82% of pupils were going to bed too late: 49% after 10 o'clock p.m. and 34% after 11 o'clock p.m. Greater irregularities were found among boys (92%) than among girls (76%). 13% of pupils from the public and non-public schools spent only 30 minutes, the way to school included, in the fresh air and 54% pupils in the public schools and 43% in non-public schools--about 1 hour. PMID:9026902

  9. Learning Mathematics--Letting the Pupils Have Their Say

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Clare; Johnston-Wilder, Sue

    2013-01-01

    Pupil voice is an emerging force for change and improvement in many UK schools, but what is not fully understood is how best to access pupil voice within the specific context of secondary mathematics departments. This paper presents a research project designed to use pupils as co-researchers in increasing knowledge about how to improve learning in

  10. Is a Summer School Programme a Promising Intervention in Preparation for Transition from Primary to Secondary School?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siddiqui, Nadia; Gorard, Stephen; See, Beng Huat

    2014-01-01

    In England, some children have not reached what are considered to be expected levels in literacy and maths by the time they move from primary to secondary school. This is more likely for children living in disadvantaged areas. One proposal to address this is the provision of summer holiday schools for potentially disadvantaged pupils who are…

  11. Pattern of ocular trauma among primary school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ayanniyi, A A; Mahmoud, O A; Olatunji, F O; Ayanniyi, R O

    2009-06-01

    To report the pattern of ocular trauma among school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria, a cross sectional survey of primary school children in 10 randomly selected primary schools within Ilorin, Nigeria was carried out between July 2005 and January 2006. Relevant ocular history and basic ocular examinations were carried out on the children that were selected from a multi-stage sampling process. Diagnosis of ocular trauma was based on historical recollection together with corroborating ocular signs among affected pupils. Ocular trauma was found among 11 (8 boys and 3 girls) out of 1393 (0.8%) pupils and their ages ranged from 5 to 13 years. The trauma related ocular pathology found among the 11 pupils included unilateral phthisis bulbi (2, 0.14%), couching (1, 0.07%) and retinal detachment (1, 0.07%) all leading to blindness in the affected eyes. There was also a unilateral visual impairment caused by traumatic optic atrophy. Others included eyelid bruises (2, 0.14%) and one pupil (0.07%) each with hyphema, eyelid ecchymosis, eyelid laceration, and subconjunctival haemorrhage. The ocular trauma occurred following unsupervised play (4, 36.40%), corporal punishment at school and at home (3, 27.30%), fight (2, 18.20%), home accident (1, 9.10%) and couching (1, 9.10%). School pupils can lose vision to preventable traumatic eye injuries both at school and at home. Measures to minimize ocular trauma both in the home and at school are advocated. PMID:20175424

  12. The effectiveness of peer support systems in challenging school bullying: the perspectives and experiences of teachers and pupils.

    PubMed

    Naylor, P; Cowie, H

    1999-08-01

    This large-scale questionnaire survey (n=2313) has sought teachers' and pupils' perceptions and experiences of peer support systems in challenging bullying in U.K. (mainly English) secondary schools and colleges (n=51). In general, these systems have been found to be effective in reducing the negative effects of bullying for victims. Collectively, the respondents also perceive many important benefits to users of these systems, to peer supporters and to the school as a whole, including helping to create a socio-emotional climate of "care". The respondents also perceive problems with these systems and, importantly, how they have been overcome and might be further improved. PMID:10469511

  13. 34 CFR 300.36 - Secondary school.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Secondary school. 300.36 Section 300.36 Education... DISABILITIES General Definitions Used in This Part § 300.36 Secondary school. Secondary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school that...

  14. Costs of Secondary School Athletic Programs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wray, Jerome A.

    1972-01-01

    A case study utilizing cross sectional regression analysis to predict whether or not the correct expenditures are being made for school athletics. Regressions are run for athletic cost per pupil vs school population, number of coaching assignments vs school population, and coaching expenditures vs coaching assignments. (DN)

  15. A Trend towards Inclusion: Statistics on Special School Placements & Pupils with Statements in Ordinary Schools, England 1992-96.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norwich, Brahm

    This study of English (United Kingdom) local education authority (LEA) data reports on the number of pupils (ages 5-15) with disabilities in special schools and ordinary schools for 1993, 1994, and 1996. Results indicate: (1) the overall percentage of pupils in special schools decreased from 1.49 percent in 1992 to 1.46 percent in 1993, to 1.45…

  16. Teachers and Tests: Assessing Pupils' Reading Achievement in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansson, Stefan; Myrberg, Eva; Rosen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine validity aspects of teachers' judgements of pupils' reading skills. Data come from Sweden's participation in the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2001, for Grades 3 and 4. For pupils at the same achievement levels, as measured by PIRLS 2001 test, teachers' judgements of…

  17. Teachers and Tests: Assessing Pupils' Reading Achievement in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansson, Stefan; Myrberg, Eva; Rosen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine validity aspects of teachers' judgements of pupils' reading skills. Data come from Sweden's participation in the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2001, for Grades 3 and 4. For pupils at the same achievement levels, as measured by PIRLS 2001 test, teachers' judgements of

  18. Injuries to Swedish school pupils: Distribution and patterns by type of school and type of municipality.

    PubMed

    Laflamme, Lucie; Menckel, Ewa; Schelp, Lothar

    1999-01-01

    The study examines the distribution of injuries and their patterns among Swedish school pupils. Data were gathered from an injury register created during the school year 1996/97, with the help of 79 schools and using a standardized registration form. Injury ratios (IRs) by gender, type of municipality, and type of school were measured all injuries aggregated and for five injury patterns. IRs did not vary much by gender, but showed considerable variation by type of school and type of municipality. A strong association was found between injury pattern and gender. Taken as a whole, the findings shed light on the circumstances under which school injuries are incurred. They suggest that targets for prevention may vary by gender, school level and, to some extent, by type of municipality. The extent to which the findings are generalizable is uncertain. PMID:12441558

  19. The Effects of a Schools Without Failure Program Upon Classroom Interaction Patterns, Pupil Achievement and Teacher, Pupil and Parent Attitudes (Summary Report of First Year of Program).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

    This document summarizes an evaluation of William Glasser's Schools Without Failure (SWF) program carried out during the program's first year of operation in the New Castle, Pa. School District. Ten elementary schools were paired on the basis of size, socioeconomic status, and pupils' past achievement. One school of each pair was randomly assigned…

  20. The Effects of a Schools Without Failure Program Upon Classroom Interaction Patterns, Pupil Achievement and Teacher, Pupil and Parent Attitudes. (Report of First Year of Program).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

    An evaluation of William Glasser's Schools Without Failure (SWF) program was carried out during the program's first year of operation in the New Castle, Pa. School District. Ten elementary schools were paired on the basis of size, socioeconomic status, and pupils' past achievement. One school of each pair was randomly assigned to begin teacher…

  1. Secondary School Burnout Scale (SSBS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aypay, Ayse

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop "Secondary School Burnout Scale." Study group included 728 students out of 14 schools in four cities in Turkey. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data. A seven-factor solution emerged. The seven factors explained 61% of the total variance. The model…

  2. Implications for Secondary School Principals

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okoroma, N. S.; Robert-Okah, I.

    2007-01-01

    The school system is a green pasture for inexhaustible investigations for the purpose of enhancing academic achievement. The reason is that factors and variables within the confines of educational activities appear also to be inexhaustible. One such factor that attracted an investigation is "administrative stress" as it affects secondary school

  3. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

  4. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the

  5. Raising the Achievement of White Working Class Pupils: Good Practice in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Kirstin; Demie, Feyisa

    2015-01-01

    This research identifies strategies that schools have used to raise achievement among white working class pupils in multiracial schools. The methodological approach comprises case studies of schools and focus group interviews to ascertain the views of teachers, parents and children about strategies that worked to raise achievement. The study…

  6. School Nurses' Descriptions of Concerns Arising during Pupils' Health Check-Ups: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poutiainen, Hannele; Holopainen, Arja; Hakulinen-Viitanen, Tuovi; Laatikainen, Tiina

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe the concerns and modes of action of Finnish school nurses during pupils' health check-ups. Methods: Focus group interviews with 17 school nurses were performed in 2011 and again in 2013. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results: School nurses' concerns were mostly associated with the psychosocial…

  7. Enhancing Pupils' Aspirations to University: The St Andrews Sutton Trust School Experience

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lasselle, Laurence; Keir, Fraser; Smith, Ian

    2009-01-01

    The Sutton Trust Summer School offers to S5/Year 12 pupils the opportunity to sample student life for a week at one of five selecting universities in the UK. Most of the participants on the Sutton Trust Summer School will be the first generation in their family to attend university and have come from schools which traditionally send low numbers to

  8. School Nurses' Descriptions of Concerns Arising during Pupils' Health Check-Ups: A Qualitative Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Poutiainen, Hannele; Holopainen, Arja; Hakulinen-Viitanen, Tuovi; Laatikainen, Tiina

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To describe the concerns and modes of action of Finnish school nurses during pupils' health check-ups. Methods: Focus group interviews with 17 school nurses were performed in 2011 and again in 2013. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results: School nurses' concerns were mostly associated with the psychosocial

  9. Pennies from Heaven? Using Exogenous Tax Variation to Identify Effects of School Resources on Pupil Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haegeland, Torbjorn; Raaum, Oddbjorn; Salvanes, Kjell G.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence on the effectiveness of school inputs remains inconclusive, partly due to the challenge of identification as families sort themselves into school districts and resources are potentially allocated to compensate (or reinforce) differences in pupil abilities. Using variation in school resources induced by the location of waterfalls in…

  10. The European Dimension in Education: Exploring Pupils' Perceptions at Three European Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Savvides, Nicola

    2008-01-01

    This article outlines some themes that have emerged from research investigating the European dimension in education at three European Schools. It focuses on pupils' perceptions of the conditions in place at these schools that make a significant contribution to the European dimension. Findings are presented on the school environment and community,…

  11. Pennies from Heaven? Using Exogenous Tax Variation to Identify Effects of School Resources on Pupil Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haegeland, Torbjorn; Raaum, Oddbjorn; Salvanes, Kjell G.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence on the effectiveness of school inputs remains inconclusive, partly due to the challenge of identification as families sort themselves into school districts and resources are potentially allocated to compensate (or reinforce) differences in pupil abilities. Using variation in school resources induced by the location of waterfalls in

  12. Raising the Achievement of White Working Class Pupils: Good Practice in Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lewis, Kirstin; Demie, Feyisa

    2015-01-01

    This research identifies strategies that schools have used to raise achievement among white working class pupils in multiracial schools. The methodological approach comprises case studies of schools and focus group interviews to ascertain the views of teachers, parents and children about strategies that worked to raise achievement. The study

  13. High School Pupils' Understanding of Peer Counselling and Willingness to Use it for Different Types of Bullying

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton, Michael John

    2014-01-01

    Bullying affects a substantial proportion of school pupils, and peer counselling services have been established to help tackle this problem. The present study aimed to further the understanding of why affected pupils do or do not choose to utilise this form of social support. Pupils ("N" = 99, aged 12-16 years) from the UK were asked

  14. Deaf Pupils' Reasoning about Scientific Phenomena: School Science as a Framework for Understanding or as Fragments of Factual Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molander, B. O.; Pedersen, Svend; Norell, Kia

    2001-01-01

    A Swedish interview study of how deaf pupils reason about phenomena in a science context revealed significant variation in the extent to which pupils used scientific principles for reasoning about science phenomena, which suggests that for some pupils, school science offers little as a framework for reasoning. (Contains references.) (DB)

  15. Primary School Pupils' Views of Characteristics of Good Primary School Teachers: An Exploratory, Open Approach for Investigating Pupils' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bakx, Anouke; Koopman, Maaike; de Kruijf, Judith; den Brok, Perry

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on results of a study on pupils' perceptions on teacher quality in primary education. Pupils' perceptions of desired characteristics of good teachers in primary education were compared to results of research into teacher quality from different perspectives: (1) perception studies of ideal teaching-and-learning environments;

  16. Primary School Pupils' Views of Characteristics of Good Primary School Teachers: An Exploratory, Open Approach for Investigating Pupils' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bakx, Anouke; Koopman, Maaike; de Kruijf, Judith; den Brok, Perry

    2015-01-01

    This article reports on results of a study on pupils' perceptions on teacher quality in primary education. Pupils' perceptions of desired characteristics of good teachers in primary education were compared to results of research into teacher quality from different perspectives: (1) perception studies of ideal teaching-and-learning environments;…

  17. Pupil Participation: Comments from a Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wilson, Lyn

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: This paper sets out to describe a small case study which aimed to unravel the complexity of pupil participation in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: A secondary school in the south of England was selected as the case. Four group interviews, one individual interview and collection of relevant Healthy School documents provided…

  18. Science Investigation: The Views of 14 to 16 Year Old Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toplis, Rob; Cleaves, Anna

    2006-01-01

    This paper reports research about upper secondary school pupils' views about science investigations in school. Although researchers, teachers and examiners have expressed opinions about investigative work in science, there have been relatively few studies of pupils' experiences. The present study identified pupils' concerns about the limited time…

  19. Key Stage 3 Pupils' Perception of Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Button, Stuart

    2006-01-01

    The key aim of the research summarised in this article was to examine pupils' perception of music and to determine whether or not these perceptions were the same for both female and male pupils. The empirical enquiry consisted of the administration of a questionnaire to six secondary schools in the north-east of England followed by semi-structured…

  20. Attitudes of Elementary Schools Pupils to the Physical and Sport Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolofík, Tomáš

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the research was to find out the attitudes of the pupils of the seventh, eighth and ninth year-classes of the elementary schools in Banská Bystrica to the physical and sport education. The research sample comprised 1092 pupils, out of which 584 were boys and 508 were girls. A standardised questionnaire according to Sivák et al. (2000)…

  1. Struggling for recognition and inclusion-parents' and pupils' experiences of special support measures in school.

    PubMed

    Isaksson, Joakim; Lindqvist, Rafael; Bergström, Erik

    2010-01-01

    During the last decade an increasing use of differentiated support measures for pupils with special educational needs, indicative of a discrepancy between educational policies and practices, has been witnessed in Sweden. Another trend has been the increased use of medical diagnoses in school. The aim of this study was to explore the main concern of support given to pupils with special educational needs and how pupils and parents experience and handle this. Interviews were conducted with eight pupils in Grades 7-9-and their parents-at two compulsory schools in a city in northern Sweden. A grounded theory approach was used for analyzing the interview data. A conceptual model was generated illuminating the main concern of special support measures for pupils and parents. The core category of the model, struggling for recognition and inclusion, was related to two categories, which further described how this process was experienced and handled by the participants. These categories were labeled negotiating expertise knowledge within a fragmented support structure and coping with stigma, ambivalence, and special support measures. The developed conceptual model provides a deeper understanding of an ongoing process of struggle for recognition and inclusion in school as described by the pupils and parents. PMID:20640030

  2. Struggling for recognition and inclusion—parents' and pupils' experiences of special support measures in school

    PubMed Central

    Isaksson, Joakim; Lindqvist, Rafael; Bergström, Erik

    2010-01-01

    During the last decade an increasing use of differentiated support measures for pupils with special educational needs, indicative of a discrepancy between educational policies and practices, has been witnessed in Sweden. Another trend has been the increased use of medical diagnoses in school. The aim of this study was to explore the main concern of support given to pupils with special educational needs and how pupils and parents experience and handle this. Interviews were conducted with eight pupils in Grades 7–9—and their parents—at two compulsory schools in a city in northern Sweden. A grounded theory approach was used for analyzing the interview data. A conceptual model was generated illuminating the main concern of special support measures for pupils and parents. The core category of the model, struggling for recognition and inclusion, was related to two categories, which further described how this process was experienced and handled by the participants. These categories were labeled negotiating expertise knowledge within a fragmented support structure and coping with stigma, ambivalence, and special support measures. The developed conceptual model provides a deeper understanding of an ongoing process of struggle for recognition and inclusion in school as described by the pupils and parents. PMID:20640030

  3. An Extra Radiator? Teachers' Views of Support Teaching and Withdrawal in Developing the English of Bilingual Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Williamson, John

    1989-01-01

    Explores the attitudes of British secondary school teachers toward withdrawal and mainstream support as ways of helping bilingual pupils develop competence in English. Suggests that the results allow for envisaging an ideal classroom situation for teaching bilingual pupils. (KO)

  4. [Environmental dependence of cigarette smoking among adolescents of upper-secondary schools in Poland in 2005. Initial results].

    PubMed

    Tabak, Izabela; Małkowska, Agnieszka; Jodkowska, Maria; Oblacińska, Anna

    2005-01-01

    This study was designed to evaluate the current smoking status among adolescents of upper-secondary schools in Poland and to examine potential relationships between environmental factors (place of living and school type) and current cigarette smoking, smoking experimentation and age of first cigarette. Questionnaire survey was conducted in February - March 2005 as a project: "Health perception, life satisfaction and health behavior of upper-secondary school pupils in Poland in psychosocial and economical determinants' context". The data was collected from representative sample of pupils in Poland (N=3123), Ist and IIIrd grade students at upper-secondary schools of different school types. Almost 3/4 adolescents had reported the attempts of smoking, 1/4 declared current smoking. The smoking prevalence among boys was higher than among girls, among older pupils (18 y.) than younger (16y.) and among students living in towns. Especially there was a significant difference of rate of smoking among young women from towns than from rural areas. Special risk group of cigarette smoking were pupils of basic vocational schools. Risk of current smoking was more than 4 times higher among them, than among pupils from general secondary schools. Strategies aimed at influencing smoking behavior need to be directed especially to basic vocational schools students and girls in towns. PMID:16521965

  5. Just How Much Can School Pupils Learn from School Gardening? A Study of Two Supervised Agricultural Experience Approaches in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okiror, John James; Matsiko, Biryabaho Frank; Oonyu, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    School systems in Africa are short of skills that link well with rural communities, yet arguments to vocationalize curricula remain mixed and school agriculture lacks the supervised practical component. This study, conducted in eight primary (elementary) schools in Uganda, sought to compare the learning achievement of pupils taught using…

  6. Differences in Pupil Characteristics and Motives in Being a Victim, Perpetrator and Witness of Violence in Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2011-01-01

    Socially problematic and violent behaviour of pupils in and around schools is undesirable from pedagogical, social and societal perspectives. The motives underlying violence between different social actors in school may help explain and improve this behaviour. The aim is to investigate the relationship patterns between characteristics of secondary…

  7. The Elimination of Pupils from School. Bulletin, 1907, No. 4. Whole Number 379

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thorndike, Edward L.

    1908-01-01

    The rapid dwindling of classes in the upper grades of U.S. grammar and high schools has been often noted, and many suggestions as to the improvement of the system of education have been emphasized by reference to this tendency. It is clear that after all that has been done, the attendance of pupils, particularly in the elementary schools, is still…

  8. Engaging Pupils in the Science, Engineering and Technology of a Low-Energy School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charnley, Fiona; Fleming, Paul; Fleming, Margaret; Mill, Greig

    2010-01-01

    The UK Government's Building Schools for the Future programme has provided schools with a unique opportunity to improve education for sustainable development substantially by giving pupils the chance to study within a real-life context. This article documents an engagement project in which experts in low-energy building design are facilitating…

  9. From Social Class to Self-Efficacy: Internalization of Low Social Status Pupils' School Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiederkehr, Virginie; Darnon, Céline; Chazal, Sébastien; Guimond, Serge; Martinot, Delphine

    2015-01-01

    Previous research has largely documented that socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong and consistent predictor of pupils' school performance in several countries. In this research, we argue that children internalize the SES achievement gap in the form of a lower/higher sense of school self-efficacy. In two studies, teenaged students' (Study 1) and…

  10. Setting or Mixed Ability?: Pupils' Views of the Organisational Arrangement in Their School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Chris M. M.; Sutherland, Margaret J.

    2006-01-01

    In 1996 Her Majesty's Inspectors of schools published a report entitled "Achievement for All" (SOEID, 1996). This report identified a number of key principles governing the organisation of pupils by class, or within class, in Scottish schools and concluded that: The application of these principles does not give rise to one, universally best method

  11. Use of School Resource Centre-Based Computers in Leisure Time by Teenage Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shenton, Andrew K.

    2008-01-01

    Little research has investigated young people's use of school computers outside lessons, a deficiency that prompted the writing of this paper. The ICT-related behaviour of pupils within the Resource Centre of an English high school is scrutinized, with data collected through observation and online questionnaire. The computers, which were…

  12. Funding Formulas for California Schools III: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    In his 2012-13 budget Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. By all accounts the current system is complex and opaque. In contrast, the proposed system--a weighted pupil funding formula--is simple and transparent. Using the PPIC School Finance Model, we compare how this formula would…

  13. School Counsellors Working with Immigrant Pupils: Changes in Their Approaches after 10 Years

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tatar, Moshe

    2012-01-01

    Counselling culturally diverse populations poses several challenges for mental health professionals in schools as well as the wider community. In 1998, the author interviewed counsellors working in Israeli schools, and categorised their approaches to immigrant pupils in four broad categories: culturally encapsulated assimilator, self-facilitator,…

  14. From Social Class to Self-Efficacy: Internalization of Low Social Status Pupils' School Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiederkehr, Virginie; Darnon, Cline; Chazal, Sbastien; Guimond, Serge; Martinot, Delphine

    2015-01-01

    Previous research has largely documented that socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong and consistent predictor of pupils' school performance in several countries. In this research, we argue that children internalize the SES achievement gap in the form of a lower/higher sense of school self-efficacy. In two studies, teenaged students' (Study 1) and

  15. School Camping Program. Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund, Fund Number 97-8: 1971-1972 Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halasa, Ofelia; Fleming, Margaret

    The Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund School Camping Program respresented local educational efforts for the sixth consecutive year to extend classroom learning experiences into the natural environment. The Project sponsored a five-day long resident school-oriented camping program which attempted to offer an integrated balance of typical learning…

  16. Setting or Mixed Ability?: Pupils' Views of the Organisational Arrangement in Their School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Chris M. M.; Sutherland, Margaret J.

    2006-01-01

    In 1996 Her Majesty's Inspectors of schools published a report entitled "Achievement for All" (SOEID, 1996). This report identified a number of key principles governing the organisation of pupils by class, or within class, in Scottish schools and concluded that: The application of these principles does not give rise to one, universally best method…

  17. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006). First Look. NCES 2008-345

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lei

    2008-01-01

    This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2005-06. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil. It presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2005-06…

  18. Interim Report for an Interdisciplinary Institute for In-Service Training of Teachers and Other School Personnel to Accelerate the School Acceptance of Indian, Negro, and Spanish-Speaking Pupils from the Southwest.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Willey, Darrell S.

    This report of an Institute for inservice training of teachers and other school personnel to accelerate the acceptance of Indian, Negro, and Spanish-speaking pupils in the Southwest involved 40 participants consisting of elementary and secondary teachers and principals, special education teachers, and guidance personnel selected from 35 schools…

  19. Flexible Structures and Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dennison, W. F.

    1985-01-01

    Considers the problems inherent in British secondary school organization, the resistance to change built into the organizational systems, and possible organizational concepts that could serve the same general purposes (curricular oversight and student services) while adapting more successfully to changing needs and conditions. (PGD)

  20. Secondary School Design: Physical Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Department of Education and Science, London (England).

    Current trends in physical education in secondary schools in England are analysed in relation to the design of indoor physical education facilities. Spaces needed for the study of movement in dance and modern gymnastics are outlined; and the indoor provisions necessary for games, athletics, contests, and swimming are discussed, with comments on…

  1. Mechanics. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

  2. Professional Development in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haile, Brian

    1980-01-01

    Citing information gained in his study of professional development programs in industry, retailing, and banking, the author proposes a new model for staff development in England's secondary schools, one based on self-assessment of individual needs and diversified training strategies. (SJL)

  3. Dual processes of false recognition in kindergarten children and elementary school pupils.

    PubMed

    Tempel, Tobias; Frings, Christian; Mecklenbräuker, Silvia

    2015-10-01

    We investigated the contribution of monitoring processes to the emergence of false memories in children. Two age groups were compared, assuming lower monitoring ability at preschool age compared with older children. We also manipulated whether elementary school pupils responded in the memory test with or without time pressure. Furthermore, the frequency of list presentation was manipulated within participants. We found that presenting lists thrice compared with only once increased the number of false memories in kindergarten children and in elementary school pupils responding under time pressure but reduced false memories in elementary school pupils responding without time pressure. These findings indicate that kindergarten children still lack the ability to monitor the source of the activation of critical items of Deese-Roediger-McDermott lists. PMID:26032974

  4. Evaluation and Participation in Secondary Education: Designing and Validating a Self-Evaluation Instrument for Teachers to Solicit Feedback from Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Petegem, Peter; Deneire, Alexia; De Maeyer, Sven

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the validation of a self-evaluation instrument for teachers in secondary education to solicit feedback from their pupils regarding specific aspects of the teacher's practice in class. This 92-item instrument--Teachers Learn from Pupils-Secondary Education (TLP-SE)--assesses 10 relevant classroom environment dimensions:

  5. Evaluation and Participation in Secondary Education: Designing and Validating a Self-Evaluation Instrument for Teachers to Solicit Feedback from Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Petegem, Peter; Deneire, Alexia; De Maeyer, Sven

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes the validation of a self-evaluation instrument for teachers in secondary education to solicit feedback from their pupils regarding specific aspects of the teacher's practice in class. This 92-item instrument--Teachers Learn from Pupils-Secondary Education (TLP-SE)--assesses 10 relevant classroom environment dimensions:…

  6. Pupil Participation in Scottish Schools: How Far Have We Come?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen; Hall, Stuart; Cross, Beth

    2011-01-01

    The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989), which applies to all children under the age of 18, established the overarching principles guiding pupil participation. In most European states, signatories to the Convention have enacted policies to promote the voice of the child or young person in decisions that affect them. In…

  7. University Involvement in Pupil Appraisal Services in Louisiana Public Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Detraz, Kirby; And Others

    The pupil appraisal process in Louisiana special education services features resource teams from eight universities throughout the state working through interagency agreements between the universities and the State Department of Education. The university teams provide technical assistance, annual compliance reviews, and inservice workshops on…

  8. The Confidentiality of Pupil School Records. A Legal Memorandum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

    Court decisions generally establish the right of students and parents to have access to confidential pupil records. In general, common law gives persons with a "real interest" (such as parents) the right to inspect student records. This doctrine is supported by the ruling in Marmo v. New York City Board of Education that an individual charged with…

  9. The Link between Academies in England, Pupil Outcomes and Local Patterns of Socio-Economic Segregation between Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the pupil intakes to Academies in England, and their attainment, based on a re-analysis of figures from the Annual Schools Census 1989-2012, the Department for Education School Performance Tables 2004-2012 and the National Pupil Database. It looks at the national picture, and the situation for Local Education Authorities, and

  10. Conceptions Associated with Sense of Belonging in Different School Placements for Finnish Pupils with Special Education Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pesonen, Henri; Kontu, Elina; Saarinen, Minna; Pirttimaa, Raija

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to examine conceptions associated with sense of belonging (SEBE) in Finnish general and special school placements for pupils with special education needs. Five pupils were selected for this study by means of purposive sampling. They had a history of several school placements prior to arriving at their current special…

  11. Participation of Primary School Pupils Who Stay at Institution of Social Services and Child Protection Dormitories in Social Science Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Guven, Sibel; Sahin Taskin, Cigdem

    2008-01-01

    This research aims to understand to what extent primary school pupils who stay at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories participate in social science lessons. Data were obtained from pupils staying at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories and attending primary schools in Istanbul and…

  12. The Link between Academies in England, Pupil Outcomes and Local Patterns of Socio-Economic Segregation between Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the pupil intakes to Academies in England, and their attainment, based on a re-analysis of figures from the Annual Schools Census 1989-2012, the Department for Education School Performance Tables 2004-2012 and the National Pupil Database. It looks at the national picture, and the situation for Local Education Authorities, and…

  13. Investigation of Secondary School Students' Understanding of the Mole Concept in Italy.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cervellati, R.; And Others

    1982-01-01

    Discusses: (1) how mole concept is defined/used in textbooks; (2) development and administration of a multiple-choice test to secondary school pupils (N=783) in Bologna and the surrounding district; and (3) results of the diagnostic examination, focusing on student mistakes and misconceptions. (Author/JN)

  14. Student Transition from Primary to Lower Secondary School in Cambodia: Narrative Insights into Complex Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, D. Brent, Jr.; Zimmermann, Thomas; Sitha, Chhinh; Williams, James H.; Kitamura, Yuto

    2014-01-01

    This article has three purposes. First, it presents findings from a study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia, as pupils transition from primary to lower secondary school. Second, it aims to understand from an in-depth, emic perspective the dynamics of this process and the challenges that individual families and their students face around

  15. Survival and Success at Secondary School Stage: Looking beyond the Explanation of Socio-Cultural Deprivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarangi, Dibakar; Panda, Smita Rani

    2013-01-01

    A wide spectrum of research literature pointed out socio-cultural deprivation as the dominant explanation for student survival and success in schools. This paper, contending socio-cultural deprivation as inadequate explanation for dropout and detention at secondary level, probed into the role of pupils' foundation knowledge in their survival…

  16. Musical Exploration Using ICT in the Middle and Secondary School Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I explore musical creativity through Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This article aims to show that secondary school pupils can compose freely using ICT in the classroom, easing and "democratizing" the creative process, enabling a high standard for all, regardless of formal musical training. The fieldwork project…

  17. Survival and Success at Secondary School Stage: Looking beyond the Explanation of Socio-Cultural Deprivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarangi, Dibakar; Panda, Smita Rani

    2013-01-01

    A wide spectrum of research literature pointed out socio-cultural deprivation as the dominant explanation for student survival and success in schools. This paper, contending socio-cultural deprivation as inadequate explanation for dropout and detention at secondary level, probed into the role of pupils' foundation knowledge in their survival

  18. Accelerated Reader as a Literacy Catch-Up Intervention during Primary to Secondary School Transition Phase

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siddiqui, Nadia; Gorard, Stephen; See, Beng Huat

    2016-01-01

    This paper describes an evaluation of an internet-based reading programme called Accelerated Reader (AR), which is widely used in UK schools and worldwide. AR is a whole-group reading management and monitoring programme that aims to stimulate the habit of independent reading among primary and secondary age pupils. The evaluation involved 349…

  19. Creativity, Originality, Identity: Investigating Computer-Based Composition in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mellor, Liz

    2008-01-01

    This article investigates computer-based music composition using the CD Rom "Dance eJay" with pupils from a secondary school setting (13-15 years). Three issues are explored: the extent to which participants adopted different strategies during the composition process, how the strategies differed with respect to prior experience of formal…

  20. Why Do Faith Secondary Schools Have Advantaged Intakes? The Relative Importance of Neighbourhood Characteristics, Social Background and Religious Identification amongst Parents

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allen, Rebecca; West, Anne

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores reasons why secondary schools with a religious character have pupil intakes that are of a higher social background and ability than their secular counterparts. We show that this is especially true across all regions in England once the characteristics of the pupils living in the local neighbourhoods are taken into account. Data…

  1. Noise and Stress in Primary and Secondary School Children: Noise Reduction and Increased Concentration Ability through a Short but Regular Exercise and Relaxation Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norlander, Torsten; Moas, Leif; Archer, Trevor

    2005-01-01

    The present study examined whether a short but regularly used program of relaxation, applied to Primary and Secondary school children, could (a) reduce noise levels (in decibels), (b) reduce pupils' experienced stress levels, and (c) increase the pupils' ability to concentrate, as measured by teachers' estimates. Noise levels in 5 classrooms (84…

  2. Welcoming the Stranger: A Qualitative Analysis of Teachers' Views Regarding the Integration of Refugee Pupils into Schools in Newcastle upon Tyne

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Whiteman, Ruth

    2005-01-01

    The arrival of refugee pupils in UK schools has presented significant challenges to staff, pupils and families. The aim of this study was to record and analyse the views of teaching staff regarding their experiences of integrating these pupils into schools in Newcastle upon Tyne. A questionnaire was sent to 53 schools in the city known to have…

  3. Teachers on Perceived Traits and Academic Achievements of Regular Pupils and Pupils with Special Needs in Mainstream Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesar, Irena; Cuk, Ivan; Pecek, Mojca

    2014-01-01

    When looking for answers to the question of academic (non)achievement of regular pupils and pupils with special needs, it is necessary to take into account the extraordinary complexity of factors, ranging from psychological across instructional to home environment variables. The academic achievement is not only a reflection of the pupil's…

  4. Teachers on Perceived Traits and Academic Achievements of Regular Pupils and Pupils with Special Needs in Mainstream Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesar, Irena; Cuk, Ivan; Pecek, Mojca

    2014-01-01

    When looking for answers to the question of academic (non)achievement of regular pupils and pupils with special needs, it is necessary to take into account the extraordinary complexity of factors, ranging from psychological across instructional to home environment variables. The academic achievement is not only a reflection of the pupil's

  5. A Comparison of Parents and Teachers' Evaluations about School Readiness among First-Grade Pupils of Primary Schools in Tehran

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kakia, Lida; Popov, Habil Nikolay; Arani, Abbas Madandar

    2015-01-01

    Children's school readiness has received much attention from professionals in the field of education. Nevertheless, scholars in Middle East countries have not investigated this topic in a major way. The purpose of the present study was to determine (i) the most common parent-child activities for first-grade pupils in Tehran primary schools as…

  6. Music in the "Common" Life of the School: Towards an Aesthetic Education for All in English Girls' Secondary Schools in the Interwar Period

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Andrea; Goodman, Joyce

    2006-01-01

    This article adopts a Bourdieusian and gendered frame of analysis to examine how the aesthetic education increasingly extended to the "ordinary" pupil in English girls' secondary schools during the interwar period, and the music curriculum in particular, related to the reproduction of culture, class and gender for secondary schoolgirls. In a

  7. Tips for Moving Parents to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Constantino, Steven M.

    2007-01-01

    The challenges to engaging families in secondary schools can be daunting. Although family engagement in schools improves the academic achievement of students, families of students in secondary schools have fewer, not more, conversations about school, and families and teachers communicate much less frequently than in elementary years. A survey that…

  8. Research into the Impact of School Leadership on Pupil Outcomes: Policy and Research Contexts

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Day, Christopher; Sammons, Pam; Hopkins, David; Leithwood, Kenneth; Kington, Alison

    2008-01-01

    This paper extends the introduction to the authors' study of successful school leadership and how it influences pupil outcomes begun in the Editorial introduction. Critical to an appreciation especially of the external validity of their results is an understanding of the policy context in which the English leaders in their study found themselves;…

  9. Action Research to Encourage Pupils' Active Participation in the Sustainable School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katsenou, Christina; Flogaitis, Evgenia; Liarakou, Georgia

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to explore the contribution of action research to the development of active participation of pupils in the context of the sustainable school. Action research is looked at not simply as a methodological tool for the exploration of participation, but as a key element of the educational actions that promote the active participation…

  10. Factors Affecting Pupils' Noise Annoyance in Schools: The Building and Testing of Models

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boman, Eva; Enmarker, Ingela

    2004-01-01

    This article reports two studies intended to develop and assess conceptual models of how different factors mediate and moderate the annoyance reaction in school environments. In the first, a survey of 207 pupils was conducted where assumptions about mediators and moderators were formulated and tested. In the best model, general sensitivity and…

  11. Primary School Pupils' Response to Audio-Visual Learning Process in Port-Harcourt

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olube, Friday K.

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine primary school children's response on the use of audio-visual learning processes--a case study of Chokhmah International Academy, Port-Harcourt (owned by Salvation Ministries). It looked at the elements that enhance pupils' response to educational television programmes and their hindrances to these…

  12. Pupils' Environmental Awareness and Knowledge: A Springboard for Action in Primary Schools in Kenya's Rift Valley

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mutisya, Sammy M.; Barker, Miles

    2011-01-01

    This study was carried out with 276 standard eight pupils in eleven primary schools in the rural town of Narok in Kenya's Rift Valley. It evaluated their awareness of key environmental issues in their local area and their knowledge about the causes, effects and solutions pertaining to these environmental issues. A descriptive research design was…

  13. Lessons Learned: Student Voice at a School for Pupils Experiencing Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sellman, Edward

    2009-01-01

    Student voice and pupil empowerment projects are common in many mainstream schools. However, such initiatives are more challenging to implement in provision for students experiencing (social), emotional and behavioural difficulties (SEBD). As a consequence, they are less frequently attempted. This article reports one such attempt at an SEBD…

  14. Model for Cost Per Pupil for Vocational Education Programs and Types of Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gasior, Albert G.; And Others

    The study was designed to develop a model for the collection and analysis of cost data for defining the cost per pupil per program per type of school (area vocational or comprehensive). An advisory committee of New Jersey State Department of Education personnel and vocational educators was selected to provide unbiased input. The selected programs…

  15. Respiratory health among Korean pupils in relation to home, school and outdoor environment.

    PubMed

    Kim, Jeong-Lim; Elfman, Lena; Wieslander, Gunilla; Ferm, Martin; Torén, Kjell; Norbäck, Dan

    2011-02-01

    There are few studies about school-environment in relation to pupils' respiratory health, and Korean school-environment has not been characterized. All pupils in 4th grade in 12 selected schools in three urban cities in Korea received a questionnaire (n = 2,453), 96% participated. Gaseous pollutants and ultrafine particles (UFPs) were measured indoors (n = 34) and outdoors (n = 12) during winter, 2004. Indoor dampness at home was investigated by the questionnaire. To evaluate associations between respiratory health and environment, multiple logistic- and multi-level regression models were applied adjusting for potential confounders. The mean age of pupils was 10 yr and 49% were boys. No school had mechanical ventilation and CO(2)-levels exceeded 1,000 ppm in all except one of the classrooms. The indoor mean concentrations of SO(2), NO(2), O(3) and formaldehyde were 0.6 µg/m(3), 19 µg/m(3), 8 µg/m(3) and 28 µg/m(3), respectively. The average level of UFPs was 18,230 pt/cm(3) in the classrooms and 16,480 pt/cm(3) outdoors. There were positive associations between wheeze and outdoor NO(2), and between current asthma and outdoor UFPs. With dampness at home, pupils had more wheeze. In conclusion, outdoor UFPs and even low levels of NO(2) may adversely contribute to respiratory health in children. High CO(2)-levels in classrooms and indoor dampness/mold at home should be reduced. PMID:21286005

  16. Action Research to Encourage Pupils' Active Participation in the Sustainable School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Katsenou, Christina; Flogaitis, Evgenia; Liarakou, Georgia

    2015-01-01

    This article aims to explore the contribution of action research to the development of active participation of pupils in the context of the sustainable school. Action research is looked at not simply as a methodological tool for the exploration of participation, but as a key element of the educational actions that promote the active participation

  17. The Attitudes of the Pupils towards Modern Languages in the Primary School (MLPS) in Scotland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tierney, Daniel; Gallastegi, Lore

    2011-01-01

    This article considers the attitudes of pupils aged 9-11 years in Scotland towards their learning of a foreign language in primary school. It also considers their perception of difficulty, what they tell us causes them difficulty, their language preferences and the reasons for these. The article identifies any significant differences between boys…

  18. Project-Based Learning in Primary Schools: Effects on Pupils' Learning and Attitudes

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaldi, Stavroula; Filippatou, Diamanto; Govaris, Christos

    2011-01-01

    This study focuses upon the effectiveness of project-based learning on primary school pupils regarding their content knowledge and attitudes towards self-efficacy, task value, group work, teaching methods applied and peers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. A cross-curricular project was implemented within the curriculum area of environmental…

  19. The Nature, Extent and Effects of Emotional Abuse on Primary School Pupils by Teachers in Zimbabwe.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shumba, Almon

    2002-01-01

    Data of reported cases of emotional abuse were collected from six Zimbabwe education offices and a questionnaire was administered to 150 primary school teacher trainees and 300 teachers. The majority of participants believe that shouting, scolding, use of vulgarities, humiliation, and negative labeling of pupils is done by female teachers.…

  20. Fiscal Procedures for Special Education Pupil Reimbursement. Revised for 1998-99 School Year.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Center for Fiscal and Shared Services.

    This handbook is a compilation of fiscal procedures and instructions to assist Illinois local education agencies in claiming reimbursement for special education services for the 1998-99 school year. It contains: (1) general instructions for completing the Special Education Pupil Reimbursement form; (2) instructions for filling out sections…

  1. School Staffing Patterns and Pupil Interpersonal Behavior: Implications for Teacher Education.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McKenna, Bernard H.

    The emerging educational tasks of developing in pupils interpersonal attitudes and behaviors are not being accomplished by such technological devices as computer instruction and educational television and such school organizational patterns as team teaching and nongraded plans because they mainly offer ways for promoting current learning task…

  2. Indigenous Schooling Grants in Chile: The Impacts of an Integrationist Affirmative Action Policy among Mapuche Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    This article assesses the extent to which indigenous grants administered to school pupils and university students in Chile can be considered affirmative action towards social justice. Drawing on Fraser's framework for parity of participation, I question whether the grants are able to provide both redistribution and recognition for indigenous…

  3. The Views of Primary Pupils on School Attendance at Key Stage 2 in Wales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Ken; Challoner, Caroline; Lancett, Ann; Jones, Glenda; Rhysiart, Gwion Ap; Challoner, Sally

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides new empirical evidence on primary pupils' views on school attendance in Wales at Key Stage 2. The research was conducted as part of the specific evidence commissioned by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) for the National Behaviour and Attendance Review (NBAR) in Wales which was chaired by the lead author. The findings…

  4. Indigenous Schooling Grants in Chile: The Impacts of an Integrationist Affirmative Action Policy among Mapuche Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webb, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    This article assesses the extent to which indigenous grants administered to school pupils and university students in Chile can be considered affirmative action towards social justice. Drawing on Fraser's framework for parity of participation, I question whether the grants are able to provide both redistribution and recognition for indigenous

  5. The Peer Relationships of Primary School Pupils with Poor Attendance Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, H. C. M.

    2011-01-01

    The research study presented in this article was conducted because of the surprising paucity of research findings on the effect of significant absence from primary school on peer relationships. Participants in the study were Year 6 pupils, 140 of whom had attendance records of 80% or less in both Years 2 and 6. Of the 140, 133 were matched with…

  6. Non-Disabled Secondary School Children's Lived Experiences of a Wheelchair Basketball Programme Delivered in the East of England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Evans, A. B.; Bright, J. L.; Brown, L. J.

    2015-01-01

    Frequently an unquestioned belief is held in British schools in the value of "normalized" ability in physical education (PE). Consequently inclusion of disabled students can be problematic. Negative perceptions of disability are rarely challenged. This study investigated the embodied experiences of 49 non-disabled secondary school pupils

  7. Re: Legislative Purposes of Chapter 241, 1974 Legislation on State Aid for Elementary and Secondary Schools. Occasional Paper #2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fowler, William J., Jr.

    New York's 1973-74 Task Force on State Aid for Elementary and Secondary Schools adopted the following nine "working principles" to guide efforts at legislative reform: (1) equalization of resources available to school districts, (2) improved coordination among districts, (3) inclusion of the impact of urban wealth and pupil population in fiscal…

  8. The Construction of the "Ideal Pupil" and Pupils' Perceptions of "Misbehaviour" and Discipline: Contrasting Experiences from a Low-Socio-Economic and a High-Socio-Economic Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hempel-Jorgensen, Amelia

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the effect of school social class composition on pupil learner identities in British primary schools. In the current British education system, high-stakes testing has a pervasive effect on the pedagogical relationship between teachers and pupils. The data in this paper, from ethnographic research in a working-class school and a…

  9. Is Chemistry Attractive for Pupils? Czech Pupils' Perception of Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiatko, Milan

    2015-01-01

    Chemistry is an important subject due to understanding the composition and structure of the things around us. The main aim of the study was to find out the perception of chemistry by lower secondary school pupils. The partial aims were to find out the influence of gender, year of study and favorite subject on the perception of chemistry. The

  10. Is Chemistry Attractive for Pupils? Czech Pupils' Perception of Chemistry

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiatko, Milan

    2015-01-01

    Chemistry is an important subject due to understanding the composition and structure of the things around us. The main aim of the study was to find out the perception of chemistry by lower secondary school pupils. The partial aims were to find out the influence of gender, year of study and favorite subject on the perception of chemistry. The…

  11. How Class Size Reduction Mediates Secondary Students' Learning: Hearing the Pupil Voice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harfitt, Gary James

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses the question of why and how class size can make a difference to teaching and learning from the students' perspective. Secondary school contexts and, in particular, the students' own voice on the issue of class size represent an under-researched area for class size studies. This paper draws on data from three case studies that…

  12. Mobile Learning in Secondary Education: Perceptions and Acceptance of Tablets of Teachers and Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Montrieux, Hannelore; Courtois, Cédric; De Grove, Frederik; Raes, Annelies; Schellens, Tammy; De Marez, Lieven

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports on the introduction of the tablet computer as a personal, mobile learning tool in a secondary school in Flanders, Belgium. In this longitudinal research project, drawing upon the Theory of Planned Behavior, we question the relative extent to which attitude, subjective norm, and self-efficacy explain the prospective uptake of the…

  13. Development of "Bioethical Values Inventory" for Pupils in Secondary Education within the Scope of Bioethical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keskin-Samanci, Nilay; zer-Keskin, Melike; Arslan, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    This study has led to the development of the "Bioethical Values Inventory" that can be used to reveal secondary school students' ethical values in decisions that they make during ethical debates regarding the application of biological sciences. An original inventory development model was used, consisting of four steps and involving

  14. Development of "Bioethical Values Inventory" for Pupils in Secondary Education within the Scope of Bioethical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keskin-Samanci, Nilay; Özer-Keskin, Melike; Arslan, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    This study has led to the development of the "Bioethical Values Inventory" that can be used to reveal secondary school students' ethical values in decisions that they make during ethical debates regarding the application of biological sciences. An original inventory development model was used, consisting of four steps and involving…

  15. A qualitative study of a food intervention in a primary school: Pupils as agents of change.

    PubMed

    Ensaff, H; Canavon, C; Crawford, R; Barker, M E

    2015-12-01

    This study explored the impact of a school-based kitchen project at a large inner London school. Timetabled kitchen classroom sessions (90 min every fortnight) were held with all 7-9 year old pupils. Semi-structured focus group discussions (with 76 pupils, 16 parents) and interviews (with headteachers, catering managers and specialist staff) were conducted at the intervention school and a matched control school. Categories and concepts were derived using a grounded theory approach. Data analysis provided three main categories each with their related concepts: Pupil factors (enthusiasm and enjoyment of cooking, trying new foods, food knowledge and awareness, producing something tangible); School factors (learning and curriculum links, resource implications and external pressures) and Home factors (take home effects, confidence in cooking and self-esteem, parents' difficulties cooking at home with children). Children's engagement and the opportunity to cook supported increased food awareness, skills and food confidence. In the grounded theory that emerged, take home effects beyond the school gate dominate, as children act as agents of change and influence cooking and food choice at home. These short term outcomes have the potential to lead to longer term outcomes including changing eating behaviour and diet. PMID:26254277

  16. The Actual and Potential Participation of Primary School Pupils at Parents' Evenings: A Challenge to the Established Order

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inglis, Gillian H.

    2014-01-01

    As curricular development in Scotland espoused the importance of pupil participation, the extent to which this has been embedded across teachers' pedagogy into assessment and reporting practices warranted investigation. This article reports a mixed-methods study with parents, pupils and teachers from three Scottish primary schools that

  17. Impact of Discipline on Academic Performance of Pupils in Public Primary Schools in Muhoroni Sub-County, Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simba, Nicholas Odoyo; Agak, John Odwar; Kabuka, Eric K.

    2016-01-01

    In Muhoroni Sub-County, Kenya, pupils' academic performance has received little attention in relation to discipline. The objectives of this study were to determine the level of discipline and extent of impact of discipline on academic performance among class eight pupils in the sub-county's public primary schools. The study adopted descriptive…

  18. Risk-Based Learning Games Improve Long-Term Retention of Information among School Pupils

    PubMed Central

    Devonshire, Ian M.; Davis, Jenny; Fairweather, Sophie; Highfield, Lauren; Thaker, Chandni; Walsh, Ashleigh; Wilson, Rachel; Hathway, Gareth J.

    2014-01-01

    Risk heightens motivation and, if used appropriately, may have the potential to improve engagement in the classroom. We have developed a risk-based learning game for school pupils in order to test whether such learning games can improve later recall of information. The study was performed during a series of public engagement workshops delivered by undergraduate students. Undergraduate neuroscience students delivered 90-minute science workshops to 9–10 year old school pupils (n = 448) that were divided into ‘Risk’, ‘No risk’ and ‘Control’ classes. ‘Risk’ classes received periodic multiple-choice questions (MCQs) during the workshops which required small teams of pupils to assign tokens to the answer(s) they believed to be correct. Tokens assigned to the correct answer were returned to the group and an equal number given back as a prize; tokens assigned to incorrect answers were lost. Participation was incentivised by the promise of a brain-related prize to the team with the most tokens at the end of the workshop. ‘No risk’ classes received MCQs without the risk component whilst the ‘Control’ classes received no MCQs. When presented with a neuroscience quiz based on workshop content at the end of the workshop, pupils in the ‘Risk’ classes exhibited significantly greater recall of information one week later. Quiz scores were higher than scores from the day of the workshop which suggested pupils may have discussed the workshop content outside of the classroom, thereby increasing knowledge over and above what was learned during the workshop. This is supported by feedback from pupils in ‘Risk’ classes which indicated that ‘Risk’ workshops were more interesting than ‘No risk’ and ‘Control’ workshops. These data suggest that there is a role for risk in the classroom but further investigations are required to elucidate the causal mechanisms of improved retention of information. PMID:25072799

  19. Risk-based learning games improve long-term retention of information among school pupils.

    PubMed

    Devonshire, Ian M; Davis, Jenny; Fairweather, Sophie; Highfield, Lauren; Thaker, Chandni; Walsh, Ashleigh; Wilson, Rachel; Hathway, Gareth J

    2014-01-01

    Risk heightens motivation and, if used appropriately, may have the potential to improve engagement in the classroom. We have developed a risk-based learning game for school pupils in order to test whether such learning games can improve later recall of information. The study was performed during a series of public engagement workshops delivered by undergraduate students. Undergraduate neuroscience students delivered 90-minute science workshops to 9-10 year old school pupils (n = 448) that were divided into 'Risk', 'No risk' and 'Control' classes. 'Risk' classes received periodic multiple-choice questions (MCQs) during the workshops which required small teams of pupils to assign tokens to the answer(s) they believed to be correct. Tokens assigned to the correct answer were returned to the group and an equal number given back as a prize; tokens assigned to incorrect answers were lost. Participation was incentivised by the promise of a brain-related prize to the team with the most tokens at the end of the workshop. 'No risk' classes received MCQs without the risk component whilst the 'Control' classes received no MCQs. When presented with a neuroscience quiz based on workshop content at the end of the workshop, pupils in the 'Risk' classes exhibited significantly greater recall of information one week later. Quiz scores were higher than scores from the day of the workshop which suggested pupils may have discussed the workshop content outside of the classroom, thereby increasing knowledge over and above what was learned during the workshop. This is supported by feedback from pupils in 'Risk' classes which indicated that 'Risk' workshops were more interesting than 'No risk' and 'Control' workshops. These data suggest that there is a role for risk in the classroom but further investigations are required to elucidate the causal mechanisms of improved retention of information. PMID:25072799

  20. Effect of Constructivist-Based Teaching Strategy on Academic Performance of Students in Integrated Science at the Junior Secondary School Level

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bimbola, Oludipe; Daniel, Oludipe I.

    2010-01-01

    Integrated science plays vital role in Nigerian science education programme because it prepares pupils at the Junior Secondary School level for the study of core science subjects at the Senior Secondary School level which in turn brings about students' interest in science oriented courses at the tertiary institutions. Despite government's efforts…

  1. What Kind of Place Is Secondary School?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Monie; Vivian, Craig

    2008-01-01

    Secondary school introduces students to a public space that differs from the private spaces commonly found in elementary schools. One of the markers signaling a transition from private to public space is the use of discourse. Secondary schools are places where social practices reject the democratic and caring activities found in the elementary…

  2. Secondary Schools Included: A Literature Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Vroey, Annet; Struyf, Elke; Petry, Katja

    2016-01-01

    For over a decade, inclusive discourse comprises the development of a school for all, both in primary and in secondary education. Facing long-standing barriers for effective comprehensive education, secondary schools show specific interests, strengths and needs in a school-wide movement towards inclusion. Reviewing literature of recent research in…

  3. Secondary School Science Department Chairs Leading Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaubatz, Julie A.

    2012-01-01

    Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders…

  4. Record Management in Nigerian Secondary School Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakpodia, E. D.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examined the usefulness of record management in Nigerian Secondary Schools. Record keeping is one of the administrative principles in secondary school administration and it cannot be overemphasized in any organisation. The continuity of any school organisation depends on availability of useful records of past activities. In a complex…

  5. Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossman, Alf; Harris, Penelope

    2006-01-01

    Low job satisfaction has been cited as a possible cause of the current teaching crisis in the UK. This article reports on a study that examined job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in different types of secondary school. The results indicate a significant difference in the overall job satisfaction scores of teachers by type of school.…

  6. Exploring Pupil Segregation between Specialist and Non-Specialist Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Exley, Sonia R.

    2009-01-01

    One of the most significant developments within English education over the last decade has been the expansion of specialist schools as a means by which to promote diversity and drive improvement. While much research has examined the impact of specialist schools on outcomes such as attainment, little attention has been paid to the schools'…

  7. School Effects on Pupil Progress: Research Findings and Policy Implications.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutter, Michael

    1983-01-01

    Argues that, in the assessment of school "effects," multiple indicators of school effectiveness are required, including scholastic attainment, classroom behavior, absenteeism, attitudes to learning, continuation in education, employment, and social functioning. Assesses empirical evidence on the extent to which schools may be effective in raising…

  8. Pupil Participation in School Cleaning: A Comparative Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okihara, Yutaka

    1978-01-01

    Describes a survey on how school cleaning is carried out in 103 countries throughout the world. Based on a comparative analysis of the collected data, the countries are classified into three types: 1) janitorial type, where janitors, or special cleansing personnel, clean the school, 2) janitor-pupillary type, where janitors do the school cleaning…

  9. Using Pupil Perspective Research to Inform Teacher Pedagogy: What Caribbean Pupils with Dyslexia Say about Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackman, Stacey

    2011-01-01

    The transformative potential of pupils' voices is well documented in past research by Pedder and McIntyre; and Cooper and McIntyre. In this qualitative research, I utilise a social constructivist framework by Vygotsky to ask pupils with dyslexia about the kinds of teacher strategies that they find helpful to their learning at secondary school in…

  10. First Year Adjustment in the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loosemore, Jean Ann

    1978-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between adjustment to secondary school and 17 cognitive and noncognitive variables, including intelligence (verbal and nonverbal reasoning), academic achievement, extraversion-introversion, stable/unstable, social adjustment, endeavor, age, sex, and school form. (CP)

  11. Per Pupil Expenditures and Academic Achievement in Georgia School Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    van Beurden, Krista

    2011-01-01

    Student achievement and public school funding are national concerns. Federal, state, and local funding vary across the nation and within systems in each state. In the past several years, Georgia school systems have faced austerity cuts by the state legislature and governor, and function with less money while trying to improve student achievement…

  12. Minority Ethnic Pupils in Mainly White Schools. Research Report .

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Tony; de Abreu, Guida; Fihosy, Cornelius; Gray, Hilary; Lambert, Hannah; Neale, Jo

    This study investigated the situation of ethnic minority students in predominantly white British schools, highlighting factors affecting their educational achievement and examining the perspectives of ethnic minority students and their parents and teachers. Surveys of the performance of over 34,000 students in predominantly white schools in 35

  13. Albinism in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools: A Double Case Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dart, Gareth; Nkanotsang, Tiroyaone; Chizwe, Ose; Kowa, Lily

    2010-01-01

    Pupils with albinism potentially face a number of challenges in accessing quality education in schools in Botswana. Physical issues such as poor eyesight related to the condition and the problems of sensitive skin in such a dry and warm climate are both contributing factors to making learning problematic for some pupils. This study by Gareth Dart…

  14. Solid waste management problems in secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ana, G R E E; Oloruntoba, E O; Shendell, D; Elemile, O O; Benjamin, O R; Sridhar, M K C

    2011-09-01

    Inappropriate solid waste management practices in schools in less-developed countries, particularly in major urban communities, constitute one of the major factors leading to declining environmental health conditions. The objective of the authors' descriptive, cross-sectional study was to assess solid waste management problems in selected urban schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Eight secondary schools with average pupil populations not less than 500 per school were selected randomly. Four hundred questionnaires (50 per school) were administered. In addition, an observational checklist was used to assess the physical environment. Paper and plastics were the most frequently generated wastes. Common methods of solid waste disposal reported were use of dustbins for collection and open burning. Major problems perceived with current refuse disposal methods by the study students were odors, pest infestation, and spillages. Littering and spillages of solid waste were also common features reported. Data suggested inadequate waste management facilities and practices in study schools. The lack of refuse bins may have contributed to waste spillages and the burning practices. Odors may have arisen from both the decay of overstored organic waste rich in moisture and emissions from refuse burning. This scenario poses a community environmental health nuisance and may compromise school environmental quality. PMID:21949981

  15. Occupational Education: Whose Responsibility? Secondary or Post-Secondary Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McDougle, Larry G.

    1974-01-01

    Article considered a number of factors that supported the need for specialized occupational training at the high school level and at post secondary institutions and the weight of educational evidence favored productive change toward a more positive balance. (RK)

  16. Pupils' Beliefs in Cultural Interpretations of "Heat" Associated with Anger: A Comparative Study of Ten Ethnic Communities in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okere, Mark I. O.; Keraro, Fred N.; Anditi, Zephania

    2012-01-01

    Emerging evidence indicates that culture influences pupils learning of science. However, the influence of culture on science learning is usually not considered when developing science curricular for both primary and secondary schools. This study investigated the extent to which primary and secondary school pupils believe in cultural

  17. Belongingness in Early Secondary School: Key Factors that Primary and Secondary Schools Need to Consider.

    PubMed

    Vaz, Sharmila; Falkmer, Marita; Ciccarelli, Marina; Passmore, Anne; Parsons, Richard; Black, Melissa; Cuomo, Belinda; Tan, Tele; Falkmer, Torbjörn

    2015-01-01

    It is unknown if, and how, students redefine their sense of school belongingness after negotiating the transition to secondary school. The current study used longitudinal data from 266 students with, and without, disabilities who negotiated the transition from 52 primary schools to 152 secondary schools. The study presents the 13 most significant personal student and contextual factors associated with belongingness in the first year of secondary school. Student perception of school belongingness was found to be stable across the transition. No variability in school belongingness due to gender, disability or household-socio-economic status (SES) was noted. Primary school belongingness accounted for 22% of the variability in secondary school belongingness. Several personal student factors (competence, coping skills) and school factors (low-level classroom task-goal orientation), which influenced belongingness in primary school, continued to influence belongingness in secondary school. In secondary school, effort-goal orientation of the student and perception of their school's tolerance to disability were each associated with perception of school belongingness. Family factors did not influence belongingness in secondary school. Findings of the current study highlight the need for primary schools to foster belongingness among their students at an early age, and transfer students' belongingness profiles as part of the hand-over documentation. Most of the factors that influenced school belongingness before and after the transition to secondary are amenable to change. PMID:26372554

  18. The Act of Collective Worship: Pupils' Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gill, Jeannette

    2004-01-01

    Data gathered as part of a recent research project into the provision of collective worship in schools in England and Wales reveals the existence of a marked variation in approach and provision between schools in the primary and secondary sectors. Consequently, the point of transfer often becomes a watershed in pupils' experience. This sudden…

  19. Belongingness in Early Secondary School: Key Factors that Primary and Secondary Schools Need to Consider

    PubMed Central

    Vaz, Sharmila; Falkmer, Marita; Ciccarelli, Marina; Passmore, Anne; Parsons, Richard; Black, Melissa; Cuomo, Belinda; Tan, Tele; Falkmer, Torbjörn

    2015-01-01

    It is unknown if, and how, students redefine their sense of school belongingness after negotiating the transition to secondary school. The current study used longitudinal data from 266 students with, and without, disabilities who negotiated the transition from 52 primary schools to 152 secondary schools. The study presents the 13 most significant personal student and contextual factors associated with belongingness in the first year of secondary school. Student perception of school belongingness was found to be stable across the transition. No variability in school belongingness due to gender, disability or household-socio-economic status (SES) was noted. Primary school belongingness accounted for 22% of the variability in secondary school belongingness. Several personal student factors (competence, coping skills) and school factors (low-level classroom task-goal orientation), which influenced belongingness in primary school, continued to influence belongingness in secondary school. In secondary school, effort-goal orientation of the student and perception of their school’s tolerance to disability were each associated with perception of school belongingness. Family factors did not influence belongingness in secondary school. Findings of the current study highlight the need for primary schools to foster belongingness among their students at an early age, and transfer students’ belongingness profiles as part of the hand-over documentation. Most of the factors that influenced school belongingness before and after the transition to secondary are amenable to change. PMID:26372554

  20. Knowledge and attitudes of high school pupils towards children with special health care needs: an Israeli exploration.

    PubMed

    Brook, U; Galili, A

    2000-04-01

    One hundred seventy-one pupils of a high school in Holon (Israel) were questioned regarding their attitudes towards chronically disabled individuals who have special health-care needs. The level of pupils' knowledge concerning the etiology, symptoms and complications of these chronic conditions was approximately 72%; it did not increase in four years of study. Previous personal knowledge of a child or adolescent with a chronic disease or handicap influenced the understanding of that particular ailment. The pupils' attitude towards handicapped individuals become more positive and tolerant with increasing age (and class level). A correlation was found between the level of knowledge about special medical-health needs and tolerant attitudes toward chronic patients. Most of the pupils think that the following occupational and recreational interests for the disabled will help to increase their self-image and improve their feelings of acceptance: computers, music (playing and listening), sports and domestic pets. The pupils believe the topics of chronic diseases and patients should be studied as a regular part of the school curriculum and these subjects should be taught with the participation of both physicians and teachers. The pupils stressed the role of the teacher in handling children with the chronic disease. Only half of the pupils think that their class peers should also know about the chronic disease of this individual pupil. The information sources of pupils concerning chronic disease are mainly TV, newspapers, adolescent periodicals, books, physicians and nurses, and lastly, the school. Conclusions are presented concerning health promotion activities in the school. PMID:10705059

  1. THE ENGLISH CURRICULUM IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    SEYFERT, WARREN C.

    AT THE INVITATION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS (NASSP), A SPECIAL COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF TEACHERS OF ENGLISH HAS PREPARED A SYMPOSIUM OF PAPERS ON NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE ENGLISH SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM. ARTICLES ON IMPORTANT ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH ARE--(1) "SIX MAJOR…

  2. Religious Identity Choices in English Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moulin, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    This paper explores religious adolescents' reported experiences of secondary schools. Fifty-four qualitative interviews were conducted in places of worship in three cities in England with Christians (n = 46), Jews (n = 38) and Muslims (n = 15). Secondary schools of a religious and non-religious character were reported as not providing a suitable…

  3. Mathematical Modeling in the Secondary School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swetz, Frank, Ed.; Hartzler, J. S., Ed.

    Over the past 10 years, national conferences and committees investigating the state of American mathematics education have advocated an increased emphasis on problem solving and mathematical modeling situations in the secondary school curriculum. However, little effort has been made to prepare secondary school teachers to use mathematical modeling…

  4. The Inclusive Secondary School Teacher in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, Michelle

    2009-01-01

    As a result of the 1992 Disability Discrimination Act in Australia and parental support for inclusion, regular teachers now include students with disabilities in their classes. Inclusion has been more successful in primary than in secondary schools. Secondary schools remain a challenge due to their traditional focus on curriculum, examinations,…

  5. [Digestive system diseases and style of nutrition among secondary school students].

    PubMed

    Chemperek, E; Jeleniewski, M

    2001-03-01

    In the paper there was examined 246 pupils from secondary school. The auditorial survey including 23 questions was drawn up. The questions referred to digestive diseases occurrence among members of family, pupils under the survey, their style of nutrition, financial status of their family. It was interesting how kind of food, keeping regular hours, behaviour during eating is connected with frequency of digestive disease occurrence. 14.5% of pupils suffered from alimentary tract diseases especially constipation and peptic ulcer. A large percentage (46.2%) do not eat regularly, and 85% is in a hurry, doing something else during eating. 39.4% of examined use spices, ketchup, mustard every time, 17.5% do not eat vegetables, fruit at all, 45.9% eat sweets every day. Before leaving for school 45.9% pupils do not even eat breakfast. 69.1% of subjects claimed that stress is a reason of occurence their digestive disorders. In the paper abnormal style of nutrition is more frequent among pupils complaining of digestive system diseases. PMID:11398515

  6. Effective Schools: Do Elementary Prescriptions Fit Secondary Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firestone, William A.; Herriott, Robert E.

    Most of the recent research identifying organizational characteristics that seem to make schools unusually effective has been conducted at the elementary level and may not be applicable to secondary schools. Research currently underway suggests that the basic organizational structures of elementary and secondary schools dictate two different…

  7. Educational Leadership and Pupil Achievement: The Choice of a Valid Conceptual Model to Test Effects in School Effectiveness Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Maeyer, Sven; Rymenans, Rita; Van Petegem, Peter; van den Bergh, Huub; Rijlaarsdam, Gert

    2007-01-01

    School effectiveness research often uses multilevel models in which only direct effects of characteristics of schools on pupil achievement are modelled. Recently, more attention is given to conceptual models that assume indirect and antecedent effects. In this paper, we elaborate on these models and show that the findings from school effectiveness…

  8. Initial Teacher Education Programmes: Providing a Space to Address the Disproportionate Exclusion of Black Pupils from Schools in England?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gazeley, Louise; Dunne, Máiréad

    2013-01-01

    Exclusion from school is a disciplinary sanction used in English schools to manage behaviour by limiting a young person's attendance at school and the over-representation of Black pupils in national exclusions statistics has been a long-standing cause of concern. This paper reports on the findings of a small-scale, qualitative study that…

  9. School Bus Ridership Orientation and Training. Pupil Transportation Safety Program. Implementation & Reference Guide for D.O.T. Standard 17.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, R. A.

    Designed to assist pupil transportation supervisors, safety instructors, school bus drivers, curriculum writers, teachers, and others who have some type of responsibility for school bus safety, this suggestion-type booklet provides practical tips for educating student school bus riders. The items covered are (1) going to the bus stop; (2) at the

  10. The Legal Status (Historical Development, Current Statutes and Court Decisions) of Pupil Transportation in the Public Schools of the United States. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Forsythe, Ralph A.

    To determine the historical-legal development and current legal status of pupil transportation as practiced in U.S. public schools, State constitutional provisions, State legislation, and court decisions related to pupil transportation are analyzed. Legal constraints affecting the following areas of pupil transportation programs are reviewed: (1)…

  11. Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status Indicators of Participant and Nonparticipant Pupils of a Parent-Supported School Lunch Program in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walingo, Mary K.; Musamali, Betty

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To compare nutrient intake and indicators of nutritional status of western Kenyan pupil participants and nonparticipants of a parent-supported school lunch program. Design: Pupils and their caregivers were interviewed to assess their 24-hour dietary intake and the socioeconomic status of the family. Pupils' weights and heights were…

  12. "I'm Not Seen as One of the Clever Children": Consulting Primary School Pupils about the Social Conditions of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reay, Diane

    2006-01-01

    Bernstein (1996) suggests that we need to engage critically with what it would mean to extend democracy in schools through pupil consultation. This paper explores the ways in which pupil consultation can uncover aspects of both pupil peer group cultures and classroom dynamics that work against fairness, collegiality and a sense of community in…

  13. Challenging Sexism? Gender and Ethnicity in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohrn, Elisabet

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses understandings of girls confronting sexism in a Swedish multiethnic urban school. The empirical study includes school observations, conversations and formal group interviews with 15-16-year-old pupils from seven classes in four schools. The article provides an analysis of one of the schools, where the fieldwork showed gender…

  14. 6 Steps to Pupil Participation in Democratic School Control

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bolmeier, E. C.

    2006-01-01

    Democracy within the school without participation of the students in planning and carrying out the program is just as lacking as it is within a state where the people who are governed are denied the privilege of determining the scope and processes of the government. There is no one who is more directly concerned with and affected by the…

  15. Negotiating Language, Culture and Pupil Agency in Complementary School Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lytra, Vally

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, I examine the teaching of language and culture and in particular the use of songs as curriculum in two London Turkish complementary schools. Drawing on a series of interconnected classroom vignettes, I look at how children weave together their semiotic resources to negotiate and transform two songs and the talk and action around…

  16. Social Obstacles Towards Success of Pupils in Polish Primary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakielska, Zofia

    In 1973, the Polish Minister of Education ordered objective competitions at the primary school level in the fields of Polish studies, Russian language, and math. In order to determine whether such subject competitions were justified and if they contributed equally to the development of interests and abilities among the rural and urban and…

  17. School Bullying as a Creator of Pupil Peer Pressure

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hamarus, Paivi; Kaikkonen, Pauli

    2008-01-01

    Background: Research into school bullying has a long tradition but a rather narrow scope. Many prevention programmes have been designed, but despite extensive investigation, most studies suggest that bullying is not decreasing. There is something paradoxical in this phenomenon. In order to have any real impact on some phenomena, thorough…

  18. Violence among Arab Elementary School Pupils in Israel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marie-Alsana, Wisam; Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M.; Greenbaum, Charles W.

    2006-01-01

    This article examines the prevalence of violence in primary schools attended by Arab children in Israel and the relationship between such exposure and violent behavior among these children. Participants are 388 Arab children (aged 10 to 12 years) living in three localities in Israel. The research focuses on three of the child's roles in relation

  19. Use of Medication in School Programs for Behaviorally Disordered Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Michael H.; Olinger, Ellen

    1987-01-01

    The article presents information on psychotrophic drugs used with behaviorally disordered students (stimulants, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and lithium), including desired effects and side effects. Guidelines for teachers and other school personnel who work with students on medication are also provided. (Author/JW)

  20. A cross-sectional questionnaire study of the rules governing pupils’ carriage of inhalers for asthma treatment in secondary schools in North East England

    PubMed Central

    Funston, Wendy

    2016-01-01

    Objectives. The primary objective of this study was to assess the rules governing secondary school pupils’ carriage of inhalers for emergency treatment of asthma in the North East of England. Design. This study was based upon a postal questionnaire survey. Setting. The setting for this study was mainstream free-to-attend secondary schools which admit 16 year old pupils within the 12 Local Authority areas which make up the North East of England. Participants. All 153 schools meeting the inclusion criteria were invited to participate in the study, of which 106 (69%) took part. Main Outcome Measures. Our three main outcome measures were: whether pupils are permitted to carry inhalers on their person while at school; whether advance permission is required for pupils to carry inhalers, and from whom; and whether the school has an emergency ‘standby’ salbutamol inhaler for use in asthma emergencies, as permitted since October 2014 under recent amendments to The Human Medicines Regulations 2012. Results. Of 98 schools submitting valid responses to the question, 99% (n = 97) permitted pupils to carry inhalers on their person while at school; the remaining school stored pupils’ inhalers in a central location within the school. A total of 22% of included schools (n = 22) required parental permission before pupils were permitted to carry inhalers. Of 102 schools submitting valid responses to the question, 44% (n = 45) had purchased a ‘standby’ salbutamol inhaler for use in asthma emergencies. Conclusions. Most secondary schools in North East England permit pupils to carry inhalers on their person. The requirement in a minority of schools for parental permission to be given possibly contravenes the standard ethical practices in clinical medicine for children of this age. Only a minority of schools hold a ‘standby’ salbutamol inhaler for use in asthma emergencies. Wider availability may improve outcomes for asthma emergencies occurring in schools. PMID:27168999

  1. Secondary School Teachers' Personal and School Characteristics, Experience of Violence and Perceived Violence Motives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2011-01-01

    Social cohesion in school is reflected in social discrimination processes and the complementary social roles of teachers, pupils, other staff and pupils' relatives. School social cohesion varies in level from high, characterised by prosocial interactions, to low, characterised by antisocial or violent interactions. Antisocial behaviour is usually…

  2. The Impact of Lack of Resources on Declining Students' Enrolments in Design and Technology in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaotlhobogwe, Michael

    2012-01-01

    Lack of resources has resulted in declining students' enrolment in design and technology in Botswana junior secondary schools by up to 6% per year over 10 years, despite positive encouragement by the government. Based on the PATT (pupils' attitude towards technology) theoretical framework this study indicated how a lack of resources in Botswana…

  3. Accelerating the Development of Formal Thinking in Pakistan Secondary School Students: Achievement Effects and Professional Development Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Iqbal, Hafiz M.; Shayer, Michael

    2000-01-01

    Reports on the results of using, in the context of secondary education in Pakistan, an intervention program which earlier was shown in British schools to have a substantial effect over a two-year period on the cognitive development of pupils. (Author/CCM)

  4. [Thermoregulation changes in secondary vocational and technical school students during the summer job experience].

    PubMed

    Shpangenberg, S; Lazarova, R; Mineva, T; Miteva, B

    1980-01-01

    Ninety pupils from a secondary polytechnical school for non-ferrous metallurgy, studying locksmith-mounter specialty, were examined during their summer industrial practice. The changes in body temperature, skin temperature and skin-electric resistance (SER) were studied. It was found that the diurnal and weekly variations in body and skin temperature and SER follow the diurnal and weekly biorhythm of these parameters and directly reflect the environment temperature changes and the duration and intensity of the work performed. PMID:7443657

  5. Enthusiasm, Relevance and Creativity: Could These Teaching Qualities Stop Us Alienating Pupils from Science?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turner, Sarah; Ireson, Gren; Twidle, John

    2010-01-01

    The poor attitude of pupils towards science continues to be a topic of concern within secondary schools. This article considers research and highlights what we can learn as teachers to persevere in tackling the problem. Alongside this review, a case study was undertaken with a sample of year 7 pupils (ages 11-12) in English schools who reported…

  6. Make pupils young researchers!

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gouhier, Armelle

    2015-04-01

    With the 2011 educational reform in France, a new course has been created in secondary schools : Methods & Practices in Science (MPS). The main goal was to improve the pupils working methods in science, including laboratory and field works. In addition, the pedagogy develops pupils autonomy and creativity, a key factor in a research process. Three teachers are working together (Mathematics, Physics and Geology-Biology), showing how different disciplines complement one another. Eventually, this is aimed at attracting more students in scientific sections. This course is optional, in the "seconde" class in French secondary schools (i.e., for 15 years old students). For the next class, they will have to choose between scientific, economic and literature sections : it is a useful option for them to decide which section has their preference. In my high-school in Clermont-Ferrand, we have chosen a research subject on hydrogeology & water quality improvement in region "Auvergne". The pupils will have to develop and set up appropriate tools to check and improve the water quality, related to different disciplines : - Geology & Biology: hydrogeology, effects of different pollutants on aquatic life, solutions to improve water quality (example of the natural water treatment zone in the lake of "Aydat, Auvergne, France"). - Physics & Chemistry: water potability criteria, pollution tests in water, water treatment plants working. - Mathematics: algorithm development, modeling on excel of the dispersion of pollutants The pedagogy of this course is new in French high-schools : pupils work in groups of three, so as to develop cooperation and autonomy. The teachers give the guidelines at the beginning of each working session, and answer the students questions when necessary. The evaluation is competence-based : instead of a mark, which is the main evaluation method in France, the pupils have to evaluate their own skills. Then, the teachers make an evaluation, and the global process is called "co-evaluation". The final purpose for each group of pupils is to present their scientific results to the others (poster, slide show). They will have to answer the questions from their colleagues & the three teachers. Eventually, the teachers evaluate specific skills about this oral presentation.

  7. What Makes for a Successful Re-Integration from a Pupil Referral Unit to Mainstream Education? An Applied Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    A qualitative research project was carried out in order to explore the views of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) and mainstream school staff regarding the process of re-integration of secondary school age pupils from the PRU to mainstream school. The views of 11 PRU staff members, six mainstream staff members and a member of the Behaviour Support Service

  8. What Makes for a Successful Re-Integration from a Pupil Referral Unit to Mainstream Education? An Applied Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    A qualitative research project was carried out in order to explore the views of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) and mainstream school staff regarding the process of re-integration of secondary school age pupils from the PRU to mainstream school. The views of 11 PRU staff members, six mainstream staff members and a member of the Behaviour Support Service…

  9. The Effect of a Cross-Curricular Study Programme in Physical Education on the Attitudes and Perceptions of Greek Children towards Traditional (Folk) Dance in the First Year of Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stivaktaki, Chrysi; Mountakis, Costas; Bournelli, Pagona

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of a cross-curricular programme for the teaching of traditional dances on the attitudes and perceptions of Greek pupils in the First Year of Secondary School. At the outset we anticipated that the programme would have positive results in terms of: (a) the pupils' enjoyment of the activity;…

  10. Female Dropouts in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Makwinja-Morara, Veronica

    2009-01-01

    A serious problem in Botswana is the large number of girls and young women who drop out of school. Just over half of the female population attends secondary schools, and the percentage of school-enrolled females has fallen in recent years. Few researchers have studied the dropout problem in Botswana. Twenty-four individuals selected for this study…

  11. Secondary Schools for Academically Talented Youth.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldhusen, John F.; Boggess, Jeremy

    2000-01-01

    A study of nine secondary schools serving academically talented students found criteria for admissions included teacher recommendations, grades, standardized achievement tests, and IQ tests. Teachers were dynamic, there were more courses offered at schools for the academically talented, and schools offered a wide array of non-academic courses.…

  12. Tobacco Use Documenting Policy and Its Association with Pupils' Smoking and Their Perception of the Enforcement of School Smoking Bans in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saaristo, Vesa; Kulmala, Jenni; Raisamo, Susanna; Rimpel, Arja; Sthl, Timo

    2014-01-01

    Finnish national data sets on schools (N = 496) and pupils (N = 74,143; 14-16 years) were used to study whether a systematic documenting policy for the violations of school smoking bans was associated with pupils' smoking and their perceptions on the enforcement of smoking bans. Attending a school with a systematic documenting policy was

  13. Tobacco Use Documenting Policy and Its Association with Pupils' Smoking and Their Perception of the Enforcement of School Smoking Bans in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saaristo, Vesa; Kulmala, Jenni; Raisamo, Susanna; Rimpelä, Arja; Ståhl, Timo

    2014-01-01

    Finnish national data sets on schools (N = 496) and pupils (N = 74,143; 14-16 years) were used to study whether a systematic documenting policy for the violations of school smoking bans was associated with pupils' smoking and their perceptions on the enforcement of smoking bans. Attending a school with a systematic documenting policy was…

  14. A Final Program Report from Jane Addams School of Social Work, University of Illinois, Urbana: The School-Community Pupil-Training Program, 1971-1974.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Midwest Center/Consortium for Planned Change in Pupil Personnel Programs for Urban Schools, Bloomington, IN.

    The primary goal of the School-Community-Pupil (SCP) Project at the Jane Addams School of Social Work at the University of Illinois, Urbana was to train a new kind of professional school social worker who would work to improve the way school systems respond to children, particularly minority children. The SCP Project was based on the hope that…

  15. How Secondary School Principals Build Trust in Kenyan Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abaya, Joel Ondieki

    2011-01-01

    The most successful school leaders are those who have been able to transform their schools into centers of deep and ongoing learning by managing relationships (Kaser & Halbert, 2009). Consequently, strong levels of trust are preconditions for successful school improvement initiative. Research confirms that no cooperation strategy works in high…

  16. Reproductive knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of secondary school students in akure, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Oladapo, M M; Brieger, W R

    1996-01-01

    Adolescents are subject to many life changes as their secondary sexual characteristics emerge. Contrary to parents' and society's wishes, these young people are more sexually active then previous generations and thus at greater risk of unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, and related problems. Adolescents enrolled in school have the potential opportunity to learn ways to prevent these reproductive and sexual health problems, but there is concern whether schools are living up to this challenge. Therefore, this study was designed to learn whether adolescents in secondary school in the Ondo State capital of Akure have reproductive health education and are practicing healthy sexual behaviors. The study was based on a sample of six of the twenty-eight secondary schools in Akure that fell under the jurisdiction of the Ondo State Post-Primary Schools' Management Board. Focus was placed on pupils in the final years of both Junior Secondary School (JSS 3) and Senior Secondary School (SSS 3). Overall, 30 percent of the young people reported having sexual intercourse: 21 percent of females and 38 percent of males. Also 39 percent in SSS 3 reported having had sex compared to 21 percent in JSS 3. Forty percent of students in coeducational school compared to 19 percent in boy's school and 8 percent in girl's school had sex. Respondents averaged only 11 points on a 33-point scale of reproductive health knowledge. Students in the senior classes and those in single sex schools scored higher. The mass media was stated to be the major source of reproductive health knowledge; only one-third reported that they had actually talked with someone about their reproductive health concerns. Attitudes toward pre-marital sex were more favorable among male students, pupils in mixed sex schools and those whose parents had lower levels of education. These findings suggest not only that the schools must take a more active role in providing reproductive health education, but that this should be done in the junior secondary years before most pupils become sexually active. PMID:20841055

  17. The Magnitude and Impact of Bullying among School Pupils in Muscat, Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study

    PubMed Central

    Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Rizvi, Syed; Al-Jabri, Abdullah; Almamari, Sufyan; Al-Baluki, Wafaa

    2014-01-01

    Research about bullying among school pupils in the Arab/Muslim population is scarce. This study evaluates the characteristics of bullying and its impact among school pupils in Oman via cross-sectional survey among eighth grade school pupils (n = 1,229) during the academic year 2006-2007. The participants were selected using stratified random selection among 6 administrative divisions of one the governorates in the country. Data were collected using self-completed structured questionnaires. This study found similar percentages of males and females (76%) have experienced one form of bullying, and the majority of the incidents (80%) occurred in the vicinity of the school. In almost half of the cases, the bullying was initiated by a student of the same age or older than the victim. The most common type of bullying encountered in this study was verbal (47.7%), followed by misuse (45.9%), physical (43.9%), and, finally, social isolation/exclusion (22.5%). Although the failure of an academic year was uncommon among victims of bullying, the number of pupils who missed 46 and ?7 school days was higher among bullied pupils. If this study will withstand further research, educational initiatives are needed to mitigate the rate of bullying in Oman. PMID:25541623

  18. Relations between Secondary Pupils' Conceptions about Functions and Problem Solving in Different Representations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elia, Iliada; Panaoura, Areti; Eracleous, Anastasia; Gagatsis, Athanasios

    2007-01-01

    The present study explores pupils' constructed definitions of the concept of function in relation to their abilities in dealing with tasks of functions involving different forms of representations and problem solving tasks. A major concern is also to examine the interrelations between these three ways of thinking about or dealing with the concept…

  19. Investigating Nature on the Way to School: Responses to an Educational Programme by Teachers and Their Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindemann-Matthies, Petra

    2006-01-01

    In this study, the responses of teachers and their pupils to the educational programme "Nature on the Way to School" were investigated with the help of questionnaires. The main objectives of the programme were the promotion of opportunities for children to experience nature first-hand on the way to school, the promotion of children's awareness of

  20. "Boring and Stressful" or "Ideal" Learning Spaces? Pupils' Constructions of Teaching and Learning in Chinese Supplementary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Archer, Louise; Francis, Becky; Mau, Ada

    2009-01-01

    Chinese supplementary schools have been accused of having "old-fashioned" and ineffective teaching methods, with most teaching being undertaken by "unqualified" volunteer parent teachers. But how do pupils themselves interpret and experience the complementary school setting and to what extent do they feel it affects their learning? Drawing on…

  1. The Effect of Implementation of Education for Sustainable Development in Swedish Compulsory Schools--Assessing Pupils' Sustainability Consciousness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsson, D.; Gericke, N.; Chang Rundgren, S.-N.

    2016-01-01

    During the past decade, numerous schools in Sweden have implemented education for sustainable development (ESD) as an explicit guiding approach in teaching. In this paper, we investigate the effect of this approach in comparison with that of pupils taught in ordinary schools. Accordingly, we introduce the concept of sustainability consciousness to

  2. Independent Christian Schools and Pupil Values: An Empirical Investigation among 13-15-Year-Old Boys

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.

    2005-01-01

    Nineteen independent Christian schools participated in the teenage religion and values survey, contributing to the overall database of nearly 34,000 Year 9 and Year 10 pupils. The present analysis demonstrates that 13-15-year-old boys educated within independent Christian schools display a distinctive values profile, in comparison with pupils…

  3. Using Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Intervention in School Settings with Pupils Who Have Externalizing Behavioural Difficulties: An Unexpected Result

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Squires, Garry; Caddick, Katie

    2012-01-01

    There has been a growing interest in the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in school settings by educational psychologists in England. This small-scale study set out to explore the effectiveness of a school-based, eight-session CBT intervention for 12-13-year-old children with externalizing behavioural difficulties. Twelve pupils were…

  4. The Closeness of Fit: Towards an Ecomap for the Inclusion of Pupils with ASD in Mainstream Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Emam, Mahmoud Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    The number of pupils with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who join mainstream schools in the UK has been increasing over the last decade. Given the difficulties in social and emotional understanding which these children have, their inclusion in schools is likely to be challenging. Their ASD-related manifestations, moreover, tend to allow for…

  5. Pupils' Perceptions of Geography in Dutch Primary Schools: Goals, Outcomes, Classrooms Environment, and Teacher Knowledge and Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bent, Gert Jan; Bakx, Anouke; den Brok, Perry

    2014-01-01

    Concerns about the decreasing quality of geography education within primary schools can be linked to a decrease of time spent on geography education and, for example, to low achievement on national or school-specific tests. Learning outcomes for geography stay behind in relation to what experts believe that pupils should perform. Results indicate…

  6. A Comparison of Zimbabwe's Rural and Urban Primary School Pupils' Views about Homework: A Case of Masvingo District

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mapako, Felix Petros; Mareva, Rugare; Chindedza, Winnet

    2013-01-01

    The study sought to establish and compare the views of rural and urban primary school pupils on homework in Zimbabwe, using six purposively sampled Masvingo rural and urban primary schools. The inquiry employed a qualitative methodology in which data were gathered through semi-structured personal interviews and document analysis. A sample of…

  7. Preliminary Results of a Comprehensive Approach to Prevent Antisocial Behaviour in Preschool and Primary School Pupils in Luxembourg

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Petermann, Franz; Natzke, Heike

    2008-01-01

    This pilot study evaluated the preliminary short- and middle-term impact of a nation-wide, school-based prevention initiative on antisocial behaviour of preschool and primary school pupils in Luxembourg. Seventeen preschool and reception classes (n = 183) were assigned to intervention and comparison conditions. The intervention included…

  8. Stereotypes at Work in Classroom Interactions: Pupils Talk about the Police in School Cinema Activities in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindgren, Anne-Li

    2015-01-01

    The empirical investigation in this paper develops the perspective of media in education by focusing on how the use of film in education stimulates the production of cultural, societal and social values and norms in school when pupils talk about "the police" in school cinema activities in Sweden. "Police" is regarded as a…

  9. Pupils' Perceptions of Geography in Dutch Primary Schools: Goals, Outcomes, Classrooms Environment, and Teacher Knowledge and Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bent, Gert Jan; Bakx, Anouke; den Brok, Perry

    2014-01-01

    Concerns about the decreasing quality of geography education within primary schools can be linked to a decrease of time spent on geography education and, for example, to low achievement on national or school-specific tests. Learning outcomes for geography stay behind in relation to what experts believe that pupils should perform. Results indicate

  10. Stereotypes at Work in Classroom Interactions: Pupils Talk about the Police in School Cinema Activities in Sweden

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lindgren, Anne-Li

    2015-01-01

    The empirical investigation in this paper develops the perspective of media in education by focusing on how the use of film in education stimulates the production of cultural, societal and social values and norms in school when pupils talk about "the police" in school cinema activities in Sweden. "Police" is regarded as a

  11. The Challenges of Implementing Group Work in Primary School Classrooms and Including Pupils with Special Educational Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baines, Ed; Blatchford, Peter; Webster, Rob

    2015-01-01

    Findings from two studies are discussed in relation to the experiences and challenges faced by teachers trying to implement effective group work in schools and classrooms and to reflect on the lessons learnt about how to involve pupils with special educational needs (SEN). The first study reports on UK primary school teachers' experiences of

  12. Development and Initial Validation of the NyTid Test: A Movement Assessment Tool for Compulsory School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tidén, Anna; Lundqvist, Carolina; Nyberg, Marie

    2015-01-01

    This study presents the development process and initial validation of the NyTid test, a process-oriented movement assessment tool for compulsory school pupils. A sample of 1,260 (627 girls and 633 boys; mean age of 14.39) Swedish school children participated in the study. In the first step, exploratory factor analyses (EFAs) were performed in…

  13. The Effect of Implementation of Education for Sustainable Development in Swedish Compulsory Schools--Assessing Pupils' Sustainability Consciousness

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Olsson, D.; Gericke, N.; Chang Rundgren, S.-N.

    2016-01-01

    During the past decade, numerous schools in Sweden have implemented education for sustainable development (ESD) as an explicit guiding approach in teaching. In this paper, we investigate the effect of this approach in comparison with that of pupils taught in ordinary schools. Accordingly, we introduce the concept of sustainability consciousness to…

  14. The Importance of Pupils' Interests and Out-of-School Experiences in Planning Biology Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uitto, Anna; Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Meisalo, Veijo

    2008-01-01

    How to make learning more interesting is a basic challenge for school education. In this Finnish study, the international ROSE questionnaire was used to survey, during spring of 2003, the relationship between interest in biology and out-of-school experiences for 3626 ninth-grade pupils. Interest and experience factors were extracted by using the…

  15. Evaluation of Title I ESEA Projects, 1971-1972. Volume IV, Auxiliary Services to Schools and Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chern, Hermine J.; And Others

    This final volume of reports on the evaluation of ESEA Title I projects in Philadelphia 1971-1972 is concerned with the cluster "Auxiliary Services to Schools and Pupils." In this report are examined the theoretical bases for the creation and integration of projects directed toward the broad-based career development goals of the School District of

  16. Principals' Leadership Behaviors in Gang-Impacted High Schools and Their Effects on Pupil Climate.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schwartz, Audrey J.

    Although viable leadership models for schools with differing social contexts are in great demand, empirical studies of high school principals have not produced consistent results. This paper summarizes part of a larger project designed to identify leadership behaviors of principals in "gang-impacted" and other secondary schools. The research was

  17. Atoms in the Secondary School: Part 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marx, George

    1976-01-01

    Discusses an experimental curriculum project in Hungary that introduces quantum mechanics into the secondary school. Briefly covers the following topics: superposition and intensity of waves, de Broglie wavelength, the uncertainty principle, ground states, quantum numbers, and symmetry. (MLH)

  18. Science investigation: the views of 14 to 16 year old pupils

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Toplis, Rob; Cleaves, Anna

    2006-05-01

    This paper reports research about upper secondary school pupils' views about science investigations in school. Although researchers, teachers and examiners have expressed opinions about investigative work in science, there have been relatively few studies of pupils' experiences. The present study identified pupils' concerns about the limited time available, timing of the investigations, lack of familiarity with apparatus and the association of investigation almost exclusively with assessment, all factors which contributed to stress. One exceptional school apart, pupils perceived the teacher's role as a didactic supporter of strategies to maximise performance for assessment. We discuss these views and examine the potential for putting policy into practice.

  19. The Effects of a Schools Without Failure Program Upon Classroom Interaction Patterns, Pupil Achievement and Teacher, Pupil and Parent Attitudes (Report of a Two-Year Study); Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; And Others

    A two-year evaluation of William Glasser's Schools Without Failure (SWF) program was carried out in the New Castle School District in Pennsylvania. In the first year, ten elementary schools were paired on the basis of size, socioeconomic status, and past achievement of pupils. One school of each pair was randomly assigned to begin teacher-training…

  20. The Effects of a Schools Without Failure Program Upon Classroom Interaction Patterns, Pupil Achievement and Teacher, Pupil and Parent Attitudes (Summary Report of a Two-Year Study). Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Masters, James R.; And Others

    A two-year evaluation of William Glasser's Schools Without Failure (SWF) program was carried out in the New Castle School District in Pennsylvania. Ten elementary schools were paired on the basis of size, socioeconomic status, and past achievement of pupils. In the first year, one school of each pair was randomly assigned to begin teacher training…

  1. Hiring Effective Secondary School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGlothlin, Jason M.; Miller, Lynne Guillot

    2008-01-01

    Today's effective school counselors are integral in education reform, school leadership, and student achievement. It is typically the responsibility of building principals to hire effective school counselors. This article builds on previous literature and provides principals with questions to ask and information to gather that may be helpful in…

  2. Dialogue Journal Writing in the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Turewicz, Evelyn

    A study documenting and describing dialogue journal writing in a group of nine tenth graders in an Australian secondary school English class is reported. The overall purpose was to understand the nature of dialogue journal writing and to assess its value as a suitable mode of encouraging writing among secondary students. Specific aspects of

  3. Cooking and Hammering: Primary School Pupils' Concepts of Their Craft Skills

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Müürsepp, Mare; Kikkull, Andry

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study is to clear the significance of craft skills for the pupils in age nine and twelve years. More than 200 pupils were asked to define, what are the most important skills for the pupils of their age. The results bring out that category of the skills related to craft subject is of the most presented categories in pupils' self…

  4. STATE OF NEW YORK STANDARD SCHOOL PLAN TYPE D-1, ONE-STORY JUNIOR-SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 800 EXPANDABLE TO 1000 PUPILS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh (Reginald E.) and Associates, New York, NY.

    THE DESIGN OF THIS ECONOMICALLY PLANNED SCHOOL IS DEVELOPED TO SUIT A GENERALIZED SET OF AREA CHARACTERISTICS. PHYSICAL SEPARATION OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR PUPILS IS EFFECTED THROUGH USE OF THE "SCHOOLS-WITHIN-A-SCHOOL" PLAN. PROVISIONS FOR ADOPTION OF--(1) TEAM TEACHING, (2) MACHINE TEACHING, (3) EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION, AND (4) AURAL-ORAL LANGUAGE…

  5. Sustaining Secondary Transition Programs in Local Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Benz, M. R.; Lindstrom, L.; Unruh, D.; Waintrup, M.

    2004-01-01

    This article reports on factors that influence the sustainability of secondary transition innovations in local schools. We used a two-stage research process, which combined broad survey methods and an embedded case study design, to investigate the sustainability of a specific school-to-community transition model for youth with disabilities. We…

  6. Inclusion and Equity in Australian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paterson, David; Graham, Lorraine; Stevens, Robert

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a large-scale, in-depth study of secondary schools in one Australian state that were achieving exceptional outcomes. The element of that study on which this paper focuses is equity and inclusion. We examine the Equity programs operating in seven sites where schools were including students experiencing some form of…

  7. The Admissions Criteria of Secondary Free Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an analysis of the admissions criteria used by the first two waves of secondary Free Schools in England. The type of criteria and their ranked order is explored and their potential impact on the school composition is considered. The findings demonstrate the diversity of criteria being used by this new type of…

  8. Synopses for Modern Secondary School Mathematics.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Directorate for Scientific Affairs.

    The 1959 Royaumont seminar "New Thinking in School Mathematics," having agreed on the need for modernization, recommended that a second group of experts work out detailed synopses of the entire subject matter of secondary school mathematics. This book is the report of the second seminar and contains the Dubrovnik Program which stimulated much…

  9. Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

    A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

  10. Model Secondary School Counselor Education Program.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Elinor; Thompson, Donald

    This document presents a model curriculum for secondary school counselor education programs at the Master's level. Brief descriptions of data collection methods and development of the model program are given. The framework of the program is outlined including the core required courses: Introduction to School Counseling, Counseling Theory and…

  11. Introducing Environmental Education To the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carson, Sean

    1995-01-01

    Contains part of a paper written in 1980 by a pioneer of environmental education examining the lack of extensive introduction of environmental education into secondary schools. Argues that school administrators and staff must consider the situation and implement environmental education in some form. Offers a widely accepted brief to help them.

  12. Desegregation Instruction Unit: Secondary School Teacher Packet.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saint Louis Public Schools, MO.

    This guide provides St. Louis, Missouri, secondary school teachers with information about desegregation that would be useful to parents and students in that city. The guide contains instructional materials to be used by teachers to reduce anxieties caused by school desegregation. The background information on St. Louis desegregation includes: (1)…

  13. Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, William P.

    2012-01-01

    The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

  14. Secondary School Subcultures and the Implementation of Nontraditional School Schedules.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacson, Nancy S.; Wilson, Sandra M.

    Researchers who view schools as cultural organizations have tended to assume that they are monocultural entities. This paper presents a view of complex secondary schools as multicultural organizations. It discusses findings of a year-long study that examined the professional culture within two high schools in Washington State as each attempted to…

  15. The Prevalence of Cyberbullying and the Views of 5-12 Grade Pupils and Teachers on Cyberbullying Prevention in Lithuanian Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baraldsnes, Dziuginta

    2015-01-01

    This article analyses the views of cyberbullying prevention among 5-12 grade pupils and teachers in Lithuanian schools. It defines the concept of cyberbullying in the context of school pupils, and analyses the theoretical grounds for prevention of this form of bullying. The article also presents the results of the survey (which was conducted in…

  16. Social Developmental Parameters in Primary Schools: Inclusive Settings' and Gender Differences on Pupils' Aggressive and Social Insecure Behaviour and Their Attitudes towards Disability

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arampatzi, Athina; Mouratidou, Katerina; Evaggelinou, Christina; Koidou, Eirini; Barkoukis, Vassilis

    2011-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to examine whether gender and inclusion settings are associated with elementary school pupils' aspects of social development such as aggression, social insecurity and attitudes toward disability. The sample consisted of 658 pupils (M[subscript age]=11[plus or minus]1 years) of 15 primary schools (306 boys and 352…

  17. Bullying in Greek Primary and Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sapouna, Maria

    2008-01-01

    The problem of school bullying among Greek primary and secondary school children was investigated by using a translated version of the Olweus Questionnaire with a total of 1,758 students, mainly aged 10-14, from 20 schools in the greater Thessaloniki area. Overall, 8.2 percent of all students were victims, 5.8 percent were bullies and 1.1 percent…

  18. Sleep disturbances are associated with reduced school achievements in first-grade pupils.

    PubMed

    Ravid, Sarit; Afek, Iris; Suraiya, Suheir; Shahar, Eli; Pillar, Giora

    2009-01-01

    Several previous studies have demonstrated deteriorated scholastic achievements in school-aged children who experience sleep disturbances. In the current study, we examined the association between sleep disturbances during kindergarten (fifth to sixth year of children), and behavior, neurocognitive skills, as well as the children's future academic performance in first grade. The population included 98 kindergarten students who were scheduled to attend first grade. All children/parents filled out a sleep questionnaire and underwent one week of actigraphic sleep/wake study, as well as cognitive and behavioral assessments. Toward the end of first grade achievement evaluation in reading, writing, and arithmetic as well as teachers' evaluations were administrated. Of the 98 pupils, 6 failed the end of first grade's achievement tests (6.1%). When looking at their sleep patterns a year earlier, they had significantly longer sleep latencies (41 +/- 14 vs. 21 +/- 12 min, p < .05), increased arousals from sleep (4.1 +/- 0.9 vs. 1.8 +/- 1.1, p < .01), and lower sleep efficiencies (89.5 +/- 1.1 vs. 94.3 +/- 2.7%, p < .05) than pupils who passed the tests. There were significant correlations between sleep variables and cognitive and behavioral scores. The correlation between sleep efficiency in kindergarten and grades at the end of first year of school was r = .64 (p < .01). Children who failed first grade had significantly inferior sleep patterns. Sleep disturbances were associated with cognitive and emotional immaturity. PMID:20183720

  19. Pupil Consultation: The Importance of Social Capital

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pedder, David; McIntyre, Donald

    2006-01-01

    We studied how teachers use ideas that pupils offer when they are consulted. Six teachers (two each in English, Maths and Science) and their Year 8 classes at three secondary schools were involved. In this paper we explore the importance of social capital for understanding the processes and dispositions that underpin classroom consultation.…

  20. Endotoxin, ergosterol, fungal DNA and allergens in dust from schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia- associations with asthma and respiratory infections in pupils.

    PubMed

    Norbäck, Dan; Markowicz, Pawel; Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Zheng, Yi-Wu; Lai, Xu-Xin; Spangfort, Michael Dho; Larsson, Lennart; Hashim, Jamal Hisham

    2014-01-01

    There are few studies on associations between respiratory health and allergens, fungal and bacterial compounds in schools in tropical countries. The aim was to study associations between respiratory symptoms in pupils and ethnicity, chemical microbial markers, allergens and fungal DNA in settled dust in schools in Malaysia. Totally 462 pupils (96%) from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated. Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of different types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol, allergens and five fungal DNA sequences. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 13.1% pupils reported doctor's diagnosed asthma, 10.3% wheeze and 21.1% pollen or pet allergy. Indian and Chinese children had less atopy and asthma than Malay. Carbon dioxide levels were low (380-690 ppm). No cat (Fel d1), dog (Can f 1) or horse allergens (Ecu cx) were detected. The levels of Bloomia tropicalis (Blo t), house dust mite allergens (Der p 1, Der f 1, Der m 1) and cockroach allergens (Per a 1 and Bla g 1) were low. There were positive associations between levels of Aspergillus versicolor DNA and daytime breathlessness, between C14 3-OH and respiratory infections and between ergosterol and doctors diagnosed asthma. There were negative (protective) associations between levels of C10 3-OH and wheeze, between C16 3-OH and day time and night time breathlessness, between cockroach allergens and doctors diagnosed asthma. Moreover there were negative associations between amount of fine dust, total endotoxin (LPS) and respiratory infections. In conclusion, endotoxin at school seems to be mainly protective for respiratory illness but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. Fungal contamination measured as ergosterol and Aspergillus versicolor DNA can be risk factors for respiratory illness. The ethnical differences for atopy and asthma deserve further attention. PMID:24523884

  1. Endotoxin, Ergosterol, Fungal DNA and Allergens in Dust from Schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia- Associations with Asthma and Respiratory Infections in Pupils

    PubMed Central

    Norbäck, Dan; Markowicz, Pawel; Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Zheng, Yi-Wu; Lai, Xu-Xin; Spangfort, Michael Dho; Larsson, Lennart; Hashim, Jamal Hisham

    2014-01-01

    There are few studies on associations between respiratory health and allergens, fungal and bacterial compounds in schools in tropical countries. The aim was to study associations between respiratory symptoms in pupils and ethnicity, chemical microbial markers, allergens and fungal DNA in settled dust in schools in Malaysia. Totally 462 pupils (96%) from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated. Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of different types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol, allergens and five fungal DNA sequences. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 13.1% pupils reported doctor’s diagnosed asthma, 10.3% wheeze and 21.1% pollen or pet allergy. Indian and Chinese children had less atopy and asthma than Malay. Carbon dioxide levels were low (380–690 ppm). No cat (Fel d1), dog (Can f 1) or horse allergens (Ecu cx) were detected. The levels of Bloomia tropicalis (Blo t), house dust mite allergens (Der p 1, Der f 1, Der m 1) and cockroach allergens (Per a 1 and Bla g 1) were low. There were positive associations between levels of Aspergillus versicolor DNA and daytime breathlessness, between C14 3-OH and respiratory infections and between ergosterol and doctors diagnosed asthma. There were negative (protective) associations between levels of C10 3-OH and wheeze, between C16 3-OH and day time and night time breathlessness, between cockroach allergens and doctors diagnosed asthma. Moreover there were negative associations between amount of fine dust, total endotoxin (LPS) and respiratory infections. In conclusion, endotoxin at school seems to be mainly protective for respiratory illness but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. Fungal contamination measured as ergosterol and Aspergillus versicolor DNA can be risk factors for respiratory illness. The ethnical differences for atopy and asthma deserve further attention. PMID:24523884

  2. Who Makes It to Secondary School? Determinants of Transition to Secondary Schools in Rural India

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Siddhu, Gaurav

    2011-01-01

    Despite considerable progress made, a significant proportion of children continue to drop out before reaching secondary school in India. This study investigates factors influencing parental decision-making with regard to children's secondary schooling in the context of a rural area of Uttar Pradesh. The study finds that cost, distance to the…

  3. Subject Preference and Attitude to Religion in Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, William K.

    1981-01-01

    Of 14 English public and private schools surveyed, only in the case of one girls' convent school could differences between beliefs and attitudes of arts and science-preferring pupils be found. In all other cases subject specialism or preference did not affect attitude to religion or a fundamental religious belief. (Author/SJL)

  4. Geometry for the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moalem, D.

    1977-01-01

    A sequential but non-axiomatic high school geometry course which includes Euclidean, transformation, and analytic geometry and vectors and matrices, and emphasizes the invariance property of transformations, is outlined. Sample problems, solutions, and comments are included. (MN)

  5. Logical positivism as a tool to analyse the problem of chemistry's lack of relevance in secondary school chemical education

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Aalsvoort, Joke

    2004-09-01

    Secondary school chemical education has a problem: namely, the seeming irrelevance to the pupils of chemistry. Chemical education prepares pupils for participation in society. Therefore, it must imply a model of society, of chemistry, and of the relation between them. In this article it is hypothesized that logical positivism currently offers this model. Logical positivism is a philosophy of science that creates a divide between science and society. It is therefore further hypothesized that the adoption of logical positivism causes chemistry's lack of relevance in chemical education. Both hypotheses could be confirmed by an analysis of a grade nine course.

  6. Equity Lessons for Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

    Secondary students will develop an awareness of the many facets of sex-role stereotyping through these mini-unit activities. The units can serve as the basis for a mini-course or can be integrated into social studies courses, especially U.S. history. The foci of the mini-units are reflected in their titles: (1) Recognizing and Challenging…

  7. The Use of Several Diverse Methodologies for Increasing Pupil Achievement: Wesley Avenue Elementary School, 1972-73.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Russell, Gail; Gaskin, Comer

    Since many of the children attending Wesley School come from homes which have a low income base, it qualifies for federally funded compensatory services. The educational program at Wesley was unique in that the various compensatory programs in operation reflected the use of several diverse methodologies for improving pupil achievement. The total…

  8. "Inclusion Is More than a Place": Exploring Pupil Views and Voice in Belfast Schools through Visual Narrative

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, David

    2009-01-01

    The research reported in this article by David Ryan, an adviser for special educational needs and inclusion in Belfast, was based on a participatory approach in which young people in a number of schools were encouraged to develop their ideas about inclusion. The project set out to explore any differences in perceptions between pupils with special…

  9. Career Education: An Application of Latent Growth Curve Modelling to Career Information-Seeking Behaviour of School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shevlin, Mark; Millar, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in an attempt to predict longitudinal growth of career exploratory behaviour in school pupils. The importance of information for making considered career decisions is indicated in theories of career development and choice, career education programmes, and concepts of career

  10. Impact of Mainstreaming and Disability Visibility on Social Representations of Disability and Otherness Held by Junior High School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves

    2013-01-01

    The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e.,…

  11. Teachers' Professional Beliefs about Their Roles and the Pupils' Roles in the School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahonen, Elsi; Pyhlt, Kirsi; Pietarinen, Janne; Soini, Tiina

    2014-01-01

    In recent decades, many educational reforms have been implemented that aim to effect a change in teachers' and pupils' roles by promoting meaningful learning. Yet, little is known about how teachers perceive these roles as a part of their professional belief system. In this study, 68 Finnish comprehensive school teachers were

  12. Comparison of the Use of the Internet by Partially-Sighted and Blind Pupils Placed in a Special School Environment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Rob

    2004-01-01

    A questionnaire investigation was undertaken at a special needs school into pupils' knowledge of, and use of, the Internet following the general up-grading of ICT facilities, including the installation of a network providing high-speed Internet connection in every classroom, and prior to the development of a planned new and specific teaching…

  13. Career Education: An Application of Latent Growth Curve Modelling to Career Information-Seeking Behaviour of School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shevlin, Mark; Millar, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in an attempt to predict longitudinal growth of career exploratory behaviour in school pupils. The importance of information for making considered career decisions is indicated in theories of career development and choice, career education programmes, and concepts of career…

  14. Religious Education in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Schools Council, London (England).

    The overall objective of this working paper, developed by the Schools Council Project on Religious Education (RE) is to encourage curriculum research and development. The specific objective is to examine the nature of RE and related issues, raising questions for public discussion and commentary feedback to the project. Part one looks at RE by: 1)

  15. Distributed Leadership in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leithwood, Kenneth; And Others

    The study reported in this paper inquired about the extent to which perceptions of teacher leadership were influenced by factors similar to those that influence perceptions of transformational principal leadership. The study consisted of a survey of all staff members in one large school district and interviews with teachers in six secondary…

  16. Key Competencies: Art, Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

    Major competencies are presented for art education courses in grades seven through 12 in the Philadelphia school system. The goal of art education is to promote an understanding of elements and principles of composition and design such as color, line, shape, mass, and texture. Art education should involve students in evaluating, creating, and…

  17. Repositioning Trust: A Challenge to Inauthentic Neoliberal Uses of Pupil Voice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czerniawski, Gerry

    2012-01-01

    At a time when "trust" is argued by many to be on the wane within post-industrial societies this article examines a case study of pupil voice brought about through collaboration between a secondary school (for pupils aged 11-16) and a university located in a large conurbation in southern England. Building on data from focus groups and individual

  18. Repositioning Trust: A Challenge to Inauthentic Neoliberal Uses of Pupil Voice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Czerniawski, Gerry

    2012-01-01

    At a time when "trust" is argued by many to be on the wane within post-industrial societies this article examines a case study of pupil voice brought about through collaboration between a secondary school (for pupils aged 11-16) and a university located in a large conurbation in southern England. Building on data from focus groups and individual…

  19. School Achievement of Pupils from the Lower Strata in Public, Private Government-Dependent and Private Government-Independent Schools: A Cross-National Test of the Coleman-Hoffer Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap

    2006-01-01

    We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the PISA 2000 data on European high schools. In the eighty's, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance of these pupils was better at religious…

  20. ESTEEM - Encouraging School Transportation Effective Energy Management - Fuel Economy Management Handbook for Directors of Pupil Transportation, School District Administrators, Transportation Department Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BRI Systems, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.

    This publication is a guide for school districts to reduce pupil transportation costs and save energy. The information presented is based upon: (1) energy saving programs implemented by school districts; (2) government and industry research efforts in fuel economy; (3) the successful experiences of commercial trucking fleets to save fuel; and (4)…

  1. Changing School Autonomy: Academy Schools and Their Introduction to England's Education. CEE DP 123

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Machin, Stephen; Vernoit, James

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we study a high profile case--the introduction of academy schools into the English secondary school sector--that has allowed schools to gain more autonomy and flexible governance by changing their school structure. We consider the impact of an academy school conversion on their pupil intake and pupil performance and possible…

  2. Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…

  3. Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of

  4. Impact of Regular Soap Provision to Primary Schools on Hand Washing and E. coli Hand Contamination among Pupils in Nyanza Province, Kenya: A Cluster-Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Saboori, Shadi; Greene, Leslie E.; Moe, Christine L.; Freeman, Matthew C.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Akoko, Daniel; Rheingans, Richard D.

    2013-01-01

    We assessed whether supplying soap to primary schools on a regular basis increased pupil hand washing and decreased Escherichia coli hand contamination. Multiple rounds of structured observations of hand washing events after latrine use were conducted in 60 Kenyan schools, and hand rinse samples were collected one time in a subset of schools. The proportion of pupils observed practicing hand washing with soap (HWWS) events was significantly higher in schools that received a soap provision intervention (32%) and schools that received soap and latrine cleaning materials (38%) compared with controls (3%). Girls and boys had similar hand washing rates. There were non-significant reductions in E. coli contamination among intervention school pupils compared with controls. Removing the barrier of soap procurement can significantly increase availability of soap and hand washing among pupils; however, we discuss limitations in the enabling policy and institutional environment that may have prevented reaching desired levels of HWWS. PMID:23939707

  5. Impact of regular soap provision to primary schools on hand washing and E. coli hand contamination among pupils in Nyanza Province, Kenya: a cluster-randomized trial.

    PubMed

    Saboori, Shadi; Greene, Leslie E; Moe, Christine L; Freeman, Matthew C; Caruso, Bethany A; Akoko, Daniel; Rheingans, Richard D

    2013-10-01

    We assessed whether supplying soap to primary schools on a regular basis increased pupil hand washing and decreased Escherichia coli hand contamination. Multiple rounds of structured observations of hand washing events after latrine use were conducted in 60 Kenyan schools, and hand rinse samples were collected one time in a subset of schools. The proportion of pupils observed practicing hand washing with soap (HWWS) events was significantly higher in schools that received a soap provision intervention (32%) and schools that received soap and latrine cleaning materials (38%) compared with controls (3%). Girls and boys had similar hand washing rates. There were non-significant reductions in E. coli contamination among intervention school pupils compared with controls. Removing the barrier of soap procurement can significantly increase availability of soap and hand washing among pupils; however, we discuss limitations in the enabling policy and institutional environment that may have prevented reaching desired levels of HWWS. PMID:23939707

  6. The extent of nonmedical use of psychoactive substances among secondary school students in Greater Cairo.

    PubMed

    Soueif, M I; El-Sayed, A M; Darweesh, Z A; Hannourah, M A

    1982-02-01

    The present paper reports on an epidemiological study of the nonmedical use of psychoactive substances among male secondary school students in Greater Cairo. A standardized questionnaire was administered to 5530 male pupils constituting a representative sample of all male students in Cairo secondary schools. The main aim of the study was to provide factual answers to questions pertaining to, (a) the extent of the use of psychoactive drugs, and (b) the aetiology of such use, among secondary school students. Methodological steps undertaken to provide for representativeness of the sample and credibility of the tool are described. Among the interesting results were the following: (1) consistently more arts students than pupils reading science and maths were immersed in the drug culture; (2) sizable numbers of young people get exposed to the drug culture through well defined psychosocial channels; (3) the role of mass media in effecting this exposure seems to be quite serious, ranking in most cases after the role of personal friends; (4) a differentiation between "activists" and "passivists" among subjects who "ever used" drugs seems to be important in understanding more about drug use phenomena, and (5) some findings add a new dimension to the operational definition of high risk groups: a subgroup of nonusers could be labeled "potential users". PMID:7084022

  7. Knowledge and Experiences of Risks among Pupils in Vocational Education

    PubMed Central

    Andersson, Ing-Marie; Gunnarsson, Kristina; Rosèn, Gunnar; Moström Åberg, Marie

    2014-01-01

    Background Young male and female workers are over-represented in statistics concerning negative outcomes of poor work environment and risky work. Young workers often have low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introduction to the work. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge and experiences of pupils of vocational schools concerning potential work environment risks in their future work. Methods The study design was a dual one, and included a questionnaire and focus group interviews. The study group consisted of 239 pupils from 10 upper secondary schools, who were graduating pupils in four vocational programs: the Industrial Technology Programme, the Restaurant Management and Food Programme, the Transport Programme, and the Handicraft Programme (in which students specialize in wood products). The upper secondary schools were located in the central region of Sweden. Results The pupils had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. Many felt that they themselves are mainly responsible for performing their tasks safely. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the greatest risk at work. The theoretical education about safety at work was provided in the 1st year of the 3-year vocational programs. Conclusion A systematic approach to pupils' training in work environment, which is a basis for a safe and healthy workplace, is lacking. The study findings indicate that pupils are offered knowledge far from that intended by laws and by state-of-the-art occupational health risk research. PMID:25379328

  8. Secondary School Students' Opinions about Readers' Theatre

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Karabag, S. Gulin

    2015-01-01

    In this article, a teaching strategy which not only blends yesterday and today in a meaningful way but also powerfully integrates literacy and history will be examined. Firstly Readers' Theatre as a technique will be introduced. Secondly, the usage guidelines of Readers' Theatre will be presented. Finally the opinions of secondary school students…

  9. Should Secondary Schools Buy Local Area Networks?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyde, Hartley

    1986-01-01

    The advantages of microcomputer networks include resource sharing, multiple user communications, and integrating data processing and office automation. This article nonetheless favors stand-alone computers for Australian secondary school classrooms because of unreliable hardware, software design, and copyright problems, and individual progress…

  10. Nuclear Arms Education in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

    The conference-based report is designed to help secondary school educators with the difficult and important task of deciding how and what to teach about nuclear arms and national security. The booklet intends to build a rationale and to develop a context or framework to assist in selecting approaches, teaching strategies, and appropriate materials…

  11. Teaching Secondary School Biology for Social Relevance.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, G. Rex; And Others

    Since the 1960's biology teaching in secondary schools has been transformed from a formal approach reflecting the structure of the discipline and mirroring the concerns of the scientific community to a broad-based approach reflecting the concerns of society as a whole. The aim of biology education today is to heighten awareness, improve students'…

  12. Certified Athletic Trainers in Our Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stopka, Christine; Shimon, Jane M.; Horodyski, MaryBeth; Deere, Randy; Bolger, Christine

    2002-01-01

    Describes the medical, legal, and educational benefits of having a certified athletic trainer in the secondary school, explaining that they can prevent or lessen the severity of an injury or chance of re-injury. The article presents eight options for hiring a certified athletic trainer and offers suggestions and resources for locating one. (SM)

  13. Informatics Education in Italian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bellettini, Carlo; Lonati, Violetta; Malchiodi, Dario; Monga, Mattia; Morpurgo, Anna; Torelli, Mauro; Zecca, Luisa

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the state of informatics education in the Italian secondary schools, highlighting how the learning objectives set up by the Ministry of Education are difficult to meet, due to the fact that the subject is often taught by teachers not holding an informatics degree, the lack of suitable teaching material and the expectations…

  14. Academic Freedom in the Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    American Civil Liberties Union, New York, NY.

    A policy statement recommends application of the principles of academic freedom and civil liberties to the secondary schools. Teachers' rights are discussed in terms of (1) appointments and dismissals, (2) loyalty oaths, (3) curriculum, (4) selection of texts and supplementary instructional resources, (5) freedom to teach controversial issues, (6)…

  15. Organic Horticulture in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marrocco, Aldo

    2009-01-01

    This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In

  16. Preparing to Teach in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Valerie, Ed.; Abbott, Ian, Ed.; Bills, Liz, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    This book is key reading for all trainee secondary school teachers. It covers the range of core professional skills that student teachers need to acquire irrespective of their subject specialism or their training route. It also considers recent developments in teaching, exploring the opportunities and challenges they present for those about to…

  17. Teaching Literature in the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beach, Richard; Marshall, James

    Working from case studies of teachers and from the actual language used by teachers and students, this book provides a rationale for and a description of a response-centered approach to the teaching of literature in the secondary school. Embedded throughout the book are student activities. Each chapter gives suggested readings of related articles…

  18. Organic Horticulture in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marrocco, Aldo

    2009-01-01

    This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In…

  19. Knowledge of ICT of Secondary School Graduates

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Valavicius, Eugenijus; Babravicius, Kestutis

    2012-01-01

    The paper analyses the results of the computer literacy survey conducted among the 11th and 12th form students in gymnasiums and secondary schools in Lithuania. The basis for the questionnaire was taken from previous surveys carried out in Vilnius Pedagogical University. The questionnaire is divided into five topics, such as computer hardware and…

  20. Middle Management in Secondary Schools: Introduction.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Nigel

    1999-01-01

    The five papers in this special section explore basic middle-management issues at the secondary level in various countries, including subject leader/department heads' range of responsibilities and effects of school cultures. New training standards demand a blending of line management, accountability, leadership, followership, and collegial…

  1. Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

  2. Teaching about Korea in Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Decar, Patricia

    1988-01-01

    Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

  3. Electricity: Residential Wiring. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This curriculum guide on residential wiring for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

  4. Teaching Basic Reading Skills in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carnine, Linda

    1980-01-01

    This document presents diagnostic and prescriptive techniques that will enable teachers to enhance secondary school students' learning through reading in content areas. Three terms used in the document are defined in Section I: "vocabulary skills" include word attack skills, sight word skills, and word meanings; "comprehension skills" are literal,…

  5. Prejudices against Immigrants in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Etxeberria, Felix; Murua, Hilario; Arrieta, Elisabet; Garmendia, Joxe; Etxeberria, Juan

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the results of a study of prejudice against immigrants in secondary schools in the Basque Country, in Spain. We carried out a review of the best-known questionnaires and catalogues on prejudices regarding immigration and we drew up a new questionnaire, with positive and negative scales of prejudices, in order to apply them to…

  6. Bringing Science Research into Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allwood, Dan A.; Dean, Julian; Bryan, Matthew T.; Baker, Alan

    2009-01-01

    Finite element modelling software has been used to allow secondary school students to study nanoscale magnetic materials for hard drive recording applications. The students were introduced to the basic concepts of finite element modelling using a freely available internet game before modelling the magnetization reversal of single magnetic grains.…

  7. Bringing Science Research into Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allwood, Dan A.; Dean, Julian; Bryan, Matthew T.; Baker, Alan

    2009-01-01

    Finite element modelling software has been used to allow secondary school students to study nanoscale magnetic materials for hard drive recording applications. The students were introduced to the basic concepts of finite element modelling using a freely available internet game before modelling the magnetization reversal of single magnetic grains.

  8. Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

  9. Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Paul F.

    In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the

  10. Construction: Masonry. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This construction curriculum guide on masonry for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of

  11. Teacher Burnout in Metro Manila Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mercado, Nenita

    1987-01-01

    Explores and defines teacher burnout and lists characteristics; (1) loss of idealism; (2) loss of motivation; (3) loss of concern; and (4) loss of energy. Specifically focuses on secondary teachers attitudes toward burnout in the Metro-Manila School System. Includes a list of responses to selected questions from the survey on burnout and…

  12. Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Paul F.

    In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

  13. Technologies and the Secondary School Writing Center

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Inman, James A.

    2006-01-01

    Although the use of computers in secondary school writing centers has been pioneering in some instances, it has at other times been problematic. It is important to be clear at the outset that using particular technologies for the sake of those particular technologies is a bad idea. While technologies are always present in our lives, they are…

  14. The Experiences of Pupils with SEN and Their Parents at the Stage of Pre-Transition from Primary to Post-Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Scanlon, Geraldine; Barnes-Holmes, Yvonne; McEnteggart, Ciara; Desmond, Deirdre; Vahey, Nigel

    2016-01-01

    The experiences of pupils with Special Educational Needs (SEN) and their parents at pre-transition from primary to post-primary school have received little attention in the literature. The current study investigated these experiences using a mixed methods approach within the Irish educational system. Thirty-two pupils with SEN and 42 parents of…

  15. Does Attendance Kindergarten Affect on Pupils' Mathematics Achievement of Primary School in Makkah, Saudi Arabia? And What Are the Teachers' Expectations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashkary, Samera Y.; Robinson, John F.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if there are any significant differences in the mathematical attainment of pupils' grade one of primary school in Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A) between those pupils who had attended kindergarten and their peers who had not, and whether this effect continued into the second and third grades in…

  16. Pupil Accounting for Local and State School Systems. State Educational Records and Reports Series: Handbook V. Bulletin, 1964, No. 39. OE-23035

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Putnam, John F., Comp.; Tankard, George G., Jr., Comp.

    1964-01-01

    This bulletin provides a basic guide for the items of information to be used in pupil accounting in the local and State school systems of the United States. Meeting at the call of the U.S. Commissioner of Education in April 1960, a policy committee for the pupil accounting project defined the project's purpose as the development of a manual of…

  17. Teachers' Use of Motivational Utterances in Special Education in Norwegian Compulsory Schooling. A Contribution Aimed at Fostering an Inclusive Education for Pupils with Learning Difficulties?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nyborg, Geir

    2011-01-01

    This observational study illustrates how teachers' use of motivational utterances is expressed to pupils with learning difficulties in special education in Norwegian compulsory schooling. The term motivational utterances refers to teacher utterances that can help increase pupils' expectancy of success and task value. Video recordings were made of…

  18. Devil in the Detail: Using a Pupil Questionnaire Survey in an Evaluation of Out-of-School Classes for Gifted and Talented Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Mike

    2008-01-01

    The use of questionnaires to evaluate educational initiatives is widespread, but often problematic. This paper examines four aspects of an evaluation survey carried out with very able pupils attending out-of-school classes: ethics, design, bias and interpretation. There is a particular focus on the interpretation and analysis of pupils' answers to…

  19. Do "Good Students" Make Better Entrepreneurs than "Bad Learners?" Ninth-Grade Pupils' Perceptions of Entrepreneurial Abilities within the School's Discursive Practices

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korhonen, Maija; Komulainen, Katri; Räty, Hannu; Mattanen, Johanna; Hirva, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Research on entrepreneurship education (EE) has not discussed the comprehensive school's traditional discourse of abilities and the related aim of categorising pupils according to their "natural" talents. It has also neglected pupils' perceptions of entrepreneurial abilities; however, these perceptions are important for understanding the…

  20. The Effects of Performance Objectives on the Achievement Level of Selected Eighth-Grade Science Pupils in Four Predominantly Black Inner City Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Napoleon, Jr.

    Reported is a study to determine the effects of performance objectives on the achievement level of low achieving science pupils in four predominantly black inner city schools. Six teachers and 210 pupils were involved in the study. Three teachers were trained to develop and use performance objectives as an instructional technique. Pedagogical…