Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara
Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary…
Background Secondary school can be a stressful period for adolescents, having to cope with many life changes. Very little research has been conducted on the mental health status of secondary school pupils in South East Asian countries, such as Vietnam. The study aimed to explore perceptions of mental health status, risk factors for mental health problems and strategies to improve mental health among Vietnamese secondary school students. Methods A qualitative design was used to address the main study question including: six in-depth interviews conducted with professionals (with two researchers, two psychiatrists, and two secondary school teachers) to learn about their experience of mental health problems among secondary school pupils; 13 focus group discussions (four with teachers, four with parents, and five with pupils); and 10 individual in-depth interviews with pupils who did not take part in the FGDs, to reflect on the collected data and to deepen the authors’ understanding. All interviews and FGDs were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed for the identification of emerging issues using qualitative techniques of progressive coding, analytic memoing and ongoing comparison. Results Our study confirms the need to pay attention to mental health of pupils in Vietnam. Depression, anxiety, stress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts were seen as major problems by all stakeholders. Mental health problems were mainly associated with academic pressure, resulting from an overloaded curriculum and pressure from teachers and parents to succeed. The study found that pupils’ mental health demands interventions at many levels, including at the level of government (Ministry of Education and Training), schools, communities, families and pupils themselves. Conclusions Vietnamese secondary school pupils feel that their mental health status is poor, because of many risk factors in their learning and living environment. The need now is to investigate further to identify and apply strategies to improve students’ mental health. PMID:24192066
Mooij, Ton; Fettelaar, Daan
In line with fear of crime research, schools should be secure places where pupils feel safe in order to function well. Various types of risk and promotive variables at school and pupil level may differently influence a pupil's feelings of safety in school, the school surroundings, and at home. The aim is to elaborate and test a theoretical two-level model on risk and promotive variables by using national data from an Internet-based survey in all types of Dutch secondary education. The cross-sectional research involves 71,560 pupils from 185 schools. Confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel logistic regression analysis including latent variables are used to analyze the data. The results demonstrate that school size, pupil attainment level in education, and intactness of a pupil's family have positive effects on a pupil's feelings of safety in and around school and at home; overall negative effects concern the school's curricular differentiation and a pupil's playing truant and not feeling most at home in the Netherlands. A school's social, teaching, and instructional qualities and a pupil's being older, being a boy, and being baptized positively affect the feelings of safety in and around school. A school's safety policy and rules of conduct have no effects. Attending a church or mosque has negative effects on a pupil's feelings of safety around school and at home. The findings confirm part of the two-level model. The Internet-based data collection and feedback procedure enable each school to longitudinally assess and evaluate own results at school level; in addition, cross-sectional comparison of school results with national benchmarks is possible. PMID:23248356
Marchis, Iuliana; Balogh, Timea
This article presents a research on 258 secondary school pupils' (10-15 years old, 5th-8th grades) self-regulated learning skills as self-efficacy, self-judgement, self-reaction and their interest for studying Mathematics.
Marchis, Iuliana; Molnár, Andrea Éva
Communicating on the mathematical language, problem solving, and reasoning are competencies tested on international test. The aim of this research is to study how secondary school pupils do geometrical constructions, how they give mathematical argumentation and use geometrical notions in their explanations.
Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul
School absenteeism and particularly unauthorized absenteeism or truancy has been the focus of a number of, so far largely unsuccessful, recent policy initiatives. The paper draws upon two sources of data, the British Household Panel Survey and detailed interviews with a group of persistent truants, to consider the extent, consequences and…
Peter K. Smith; Jess Mahdavi; Manuel Carvalho; Sonja Fisher; Shanette Russell; Neil Tippett
Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of findings from the first study, and investigate
Smith, Peter K.; Mahdavi, Jess; Carvalho, Manuel; Fisher, Sonja; Russell, Shanette; Tippett, Neil
Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of…
Strand, Steve; Demie, Feyisa
This paper is the second of two articles arising from a study of the association between pupil mobility and attainment in national tests and examinations in an inner London borough. Our first article examined the association of pupil mobility with attainment and progress during primary school. It concluded that pupil mobility had little impact on…
Trotman, Dave; Tucker, Stanley; Martyn, Madeline
Background: The research reported in this article was commissioned by a consortium of inner-city schools located in central England. It was commissioned in response to the consortium's concerns regarding increasing referrals of negative pupil behaviour amongst its secondary school pupils in Key Stage 3 (ages 11-14), resulting in temporary and…
Mooij, Ton; Fettelaar, Daan
In line with fear of crime research, schools should be secure places where pupils feel safe in order to function well. Various types of risk and promotive variables at school and pupil level may differently influence a pupil's feelings of safety in school, the school surroundings, and at home. The aim is to elaborate and test a theoretical…
Sagen, Line Melboe; Ytterhus, Borgunn
This article examines how the self-determination of pupils with intellectual disabilities is practised in secondary school in Norway and discusses possible challenges connected to this practice. The argumentation builds on the fieldwork of qualitative interviews (N?=?55) and participant observations in schools in Norway (pupils 13-16?years old).…
Blatchford, Peter; Bassett, Paul; Brown, Penelope
It is widely recognized that we need to know more about effects of class size on classroom interactions and pupil behavior. This paper extends research by comparing effects on pupil classroom engagement and teacher-pupil interaction, and examining if effects vary by pupil attainment level and between primary and secondary schools. Systematic…
Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed; de Wit, Wouter
BACKGROUND. School safety and corresponding feelings of both pupils and school staff are beginning to receive more and more attention. The social cohesion characteristics of a school may be useful in promoting feelings of safety, particularly in pupils. AIMS. To conceptualize theoretically, and check empirically a two-level model of social cohesion between and within schools, in order to explain a pupil's feelings of safety at school. SAMPLES. Data were collected aided by a national Dutch survey in secondary education carried out via the Internet. In 2008, digital questionnaires were completed by about 78,800 pupils, 6,200 teachers and educational support staff, and 600 school managers. METHODS. Data were checked for reliability and representativity. Social cohesion was indicated by self-reported measures of individual pupils and by aggregating scale and item scores of school managers, teachers, and other support staff within schools. Multi-level analysis using individual pupil data and school-level data was performed using MLwiN. RESULTS. A pupil's age, educational attainment level, experience of mild physical violence, prosocial rules of conduct and joint control of these rules, and school measures against playing truant, show positive influences on a pupil's feelings of safety at school. Negative influences are exerted by not feeling most at home in The Netherlands, peers taking drugs and weapons into school, and by experiencing social violence, severe physical violence, and sexual violence. Negative school effects exist simultaneously in severe physical violence experienced by teachers and other staff, and in curriculum differentiation applied by teachers and other staff; a positive school effect is school size. Some interaction effects between pupil and school-level variables were explored. CONCLUSIONS. The variance at school level is relatively low compared with the variance at pupil level. However, a much higher percentage of variance at school level than at pupil level is explained with respect to the pupils' feelings of safety at school. The resulting two-level model also reflects the streaming of pupils in Dutch secondary schools. To improve school safety, the national results emphasize the need to enhance prosocial behaviour rules and to enhance the shared control of these rules between teachers and pupils. They also emphasize the need for the school to take measures that prevent truancy and redefine curriculum differentiation procedures. National educational policy and research can combine efforts to assist schools in developing reliable and valid procedures to increase effectively safety in and around schools. PMID:21770911
Smees, Rebecca; Sammons, Pam; Thomas, Sally; Mortimore, Peter
A Scottish national study examined relationships between pupil background characteristics and performance in reading and mathematics at 80 primary and secondary schools. Age within the grade level, gender, and socioeconomic disadvantage had varying effects on achievement in different grades. School-level variations were more marked for primary…
Gorard, Stephen; Cheng, Shou Chen
Previous international work has shown that clustering pupils with similar characteristics in particular schools yields no clear academic benefit, and can be disadvantageous both socially and personally. Understanding how and why this clustering happens, and how it may be reduced, is therefore important for policy. Yet previous work has tended to…
Straub, William F.; And Others
This study was developed to determine if changes in the extent of lifetime sports instruction had taken place in New York State secondary schools since 1967. The subjects of this study were 530 randomly selected New York State secondary schools. Schools were classified into the following three levels according to the number of pupils in grades…
This article deals with differentiation of teaching methods and extra time in class for pupils with dyslexia by English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers in two Greek state secondary schools. Activity theory is applied to analyse the contradictions that emerge around the issue of differentiation for pupils with dyslexia from data compiled from…
Mounteney, J.; Haugland, S.; Skutle, A.
This study focuses on a vulnerable group of pupils often missed by mainstream school surveys. It explores alcohol use and alcohol-related problems for a sample of truants of secondary school age, comparing behaviours with a school-based sample from the same geographical area. Analyses are based on a survey among truants (n = 107) and a school…
How to best support pupils who are considered to be in danger of temporary or permanent exclusion from secondary school is an issue that is currently exercising policy makers, school managers and teachers in the UK. Using primary research data gained from interviews with secondary pupils, school managers and behaviour support staff in a group of…
Kelly, Anthony; Downey, Christopher
This paper presents findings from an exploratory survey of teachers' perceptions, understanding, and use of pupil performance data in English secondary schools and examines the extent to which these are associated with school-level performance and a range of factors, including teachers' positions of responsibility. The survey was supplemented by a…
Friedrich, Helmut Felix; Hron, Aemilian
The present study aims at investigating which factors are significant for pupils' acceptance of an E-Learning system introduced into secondary schools. The E-Learning system consisted of interactive learning modules for several school subjects and a Learning Management System (LMS). Research on IT acceptance and attitudes guided the specification…
Kutnick, Peter; Blatchford, Peter; Clark, Helen; MacIntyre, Helen; Baines, Ed
As part of a project designed to provide information on the nature and uses of within-class pupil groupings for teaching and learning in secondary schools in England, this paper focuses on qualitative interviews with 20 teachers from three core curriculum areas in six schools. Interviews concerned the range and explanations for teachers' choices…
Rhamie, Jasmine; Bhopal, Kalwant; Bhatti, Ghazala
A national emphasis in Britain on community cohesion and citizenship has highlighted the need to explore understandings of difference within and between communities, particularly in school contexts. This paper reports on the first phase of a larger project exploring pupils' understandings and experiences of identity and diversity within secondary…
Akarsu, Bayram; Kariper, Afsin
Students' attitudes towards natural science constitute an important area in science education as fewer students are interested in natural science and they do not choose corresponding science disciplines in postsecondary education. The current study reports preliminary results of a survey on high school students' interests and attitudes…
Different types of variables seem to influence school safety and a pupil's feelings of safety at school. The research question asks which risk and promotive variables should be integrated in a theoretical model to predict a pupil's feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home; what the outcomes are of an empirical check of…
Videmsek, Mateja; Karpljuk, Damir; Mlinar, Suzana; Mesko, Maja; Stihec, Joze
The study aimed to establish the frequency of injuries in primary and secondary schools during leisure time and physical education classes in school as well as in group and individual sports. The sample included 2842 pupils from nine primary schools and 1235 students from five secondary schools in Slovenia. The data were processed with the SPSS statistical software package and the frequencies and Crosstabs were calculated. The results showed that substantially more pupils and students were injured in their leisure time than during physical education classes. Girls were more frequently injured in group and individual sports practiced during physical education classes and in individual sports practiced in their leisure time, whereas boys suffered more injuries in group sports practiced in their leisure time. As regards group sports, pupils and students were most frequently injured while playing football in their leisure time whereas, during physical education classes, they suffered most injuries in volleyball, followed closely by basketball and football; as regards individual sports, pupils and students were most frequently injured while cycling and rollerblading in their leisure time, whereas during physical education classes they suffered most injuries in athletics. PMID:20977091
Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed; de Wit, Wouter
Background: School safety and corresponding feelings of both pupils and school staff are beginning to receive more and more attention. The social cohesion characteristics of a school may be useful in promoting feelings of safety, particularly in pupils. Aims: To conceptualize theoretically, and check empirically a two-level model of social…
Humphrey, Neil; Lewis, Sarah
Facilitating the learning and participation of pupils with Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism (herein referred to as AS) in mainstream schools is complex and poorly understood. We report on a small-scale qualitative study of the views and experiences of 20 such pupils drawn from four secondary schools in north-west England. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and pupil diaries. Interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to explore how pupils with AS make sense of their educational experiences. The central theme was how participants constructed their understanding of what their AS meant to them. This was often characterized by negative perceptions of their differences, such as being 'retarded' or having a 'bad brain'. The links between this understanding and reported difficulties with peers and teachers, the desire to 'fit in', and other themes are discussed. The implications of these findings for policy and practice in this area are also presented. PMID:18178595
Rose, Richard; Smith, Andy; Feng Yan,
The Department for Education and Skills (DfES, 2005a) described an extended school as one providing activities and services, often beyond the school day, to address the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community. Extended schools have been established to provide a hub upon which services can be focused and where additional…
The research available on the pupils’ point of view regarding schooling is limited, yet there is a degree of consensus in the findings. Primary schoolchildren state that they enjoy school, secondary pupils show a reverse tendency. The dissatisfaction with secondary schooling is stated by both successful and unsuccessful pupils. The pupils are often able to give constructive comments and state
Morris, Jonathan Padraig
Attempts to bridge the Digital Divide have seen vast investment in Information Communication Technology in schools. In the United Kingdom, the Computers for Pupils initiative has invested 60 million British Pounds of funds to help some of the most disadvantaged secondary school pupils by putting a computer in their home. This paper charts and…
Maunder, Rachel E.; Harrop, Alex; Tattersall, Andrew J.
Background: How bullying is understood by members of the school community is important because differences in definitions could result in an inconsistent approach and affect the success of intervention work. Research evidence suggests that pupils and teachers may have different interpretations of what constitutes bullying. This evidence has,…
Examined the permanent exclusion of Asian students from secondary schools in Birmingham (England). City school records show that exclusion of Asian male students, particularly of Muslims, is on the increase. Patterns of racial discrimination and racism were apparent. (SLD)
The use of the 'Cognitive Acceleration through Science Education' (CASE) intervention programme was explored in Malawi to see if the critical period for cognitive transition from concrete operations to formal operations at 12-14 years of age actually exists. The older pupils (16-17 years of age) in secondary school classes in Malawi made similar cognitive gains to younger English pupils after being taught CASE for 2 years. This was taken to suggest that the critical period does not exist. However, in Malawi, girls, who are on average a year younger than boys in the same class, and older boys, had lower academic achievement than younger boys. Explanations for this age and gender interaction are explored.
Paul Aveyard; Wolfgang A Markham; Emma Lancashire; Alison Bullock; Christine Macarthur; K. K. Cheng; Harry Daniels
School factors and not solely pupil composition probably cause variation in smoking prevalence amongst schools, but there are no theoretical models to explain why. In this paper we propose a hypothesis to explain schools’ influence on pupils’ smoking and test this using an existing cross-sectional survey of 23,282 pupils from 166 secondary schools in the West Midlands, UK. We hypothesise
The aim of the present research is to investigate the degree to which average academic outcomes in secondary school classes are associated with the inclusion of markedly disruptive pupils. Findings are based on two separate studies among pupils in Norwegian secondary schools. The first study included a relatively large sample of 2,332 pupils from…
Kyle, Catherine; Davies, Katherine
This survey of 53 students (ages 13-15) at a Leeds (England) secondary school found confusion between mental and physical handicap, confusion between mental handicap and mental illness, and confusion about causes of mental retardation. Most students felt that persons with mental handicap belonged in the community. (JDD)
Y. A. Jaffer; M. Afifi; F. Al Ajmi; K. Alouhaishi
We examined the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Omani adolescents with regard to re- productive health in a nationally representative secondary school-based sample of 1670 boys and 1675 girls. Through a self-administrated questionnaire the adolescents were asked about puberty, marriage, birth spac- ing and AIDS and sexually transmitted infections. Only half of the sample knew the changes at puberty of
Schools Council, London (England).
Most secondary schools in Great Britain today have implemented residential courses. They have built, bought, or adapted premises ranging from derelict colleges to country houses for use as residential centers where students may spend from a few days to several weeks studying, working, or learning to use leisure time. This publication examines…
This paper describes group work developed to enhance pupil self-esteem. The intervention was originally developed in response to an identified need that arose in a resourced provision for pupils identified as having dyslexia, attached to a mainstream secondary school. However, more recently the same intervention has been found to be beneficial for…
Background: Research on pupils' bullying (1991) and violence (1993) motivated the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to initiate a national campaign on school safety. The government campaign was undertaken from 1995 to 2000. Aim: To test for differences in secondary pupils' bullying and violence before and after the campaign while…
Bowman-Perrott, Lisa J.; Greenwood, Charles R.; Tapia, Yolanda
ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) is an evidence-based instructional strategy effective with students with and without disabilities. The evidence for efficacy is strong with respect to students in elementary schools learning basic academic skills in classrooms with large teacher-pupil ratios, and relatively less strong for students in secondary…
Results are presented of a comparative study of the reasons for parental choice of Scottish Gaelic-medium and Welsh-medium primary education in the year 2000 and of the reasons for pupils' decisions to continue with Gaelic or Welsh-medium education at secondary school in 2007. Parents in both contexts cited the quality of Celtic-medium…
Donohoe, Claire; Topping, Keith; Hannah, Elizabeth
This preliminary study investigated the impact of the online interactive programme Brainology (which aimed to encourage a growth mindset) on the mindset, resiliency and sense of mastery of secondary school pupils. A quasi-experimental pre-, post- and follow-up mixed-methods study was carried out with 33 participants aged 13-14 years. The measures…
Batanero, Carmen; And Others
Elementary combinatorial problems may be classified into three different combinatorial models: (1) selection; (2) partition; and (3) distribution. The main goal of this research was to determine the effect of the implicit combinatorial model on pupils' combinatorial reasoning before and after instruction. Gives an analysis of variance of the…
Ferguson, Jon S.; Miskel, Cecil G.
The rationale for the study of relationships between teacher-professed control ideology and their leader behavior, as observed by their pupils, was constructed from findings and conceptual assertions of Halpin, Winer, and Willower. Student discipline referral sheets were content-analyzed according to misbehavior categories. Significant ideological…
Model for Calculating Cost per Pupil for Secondary Vocational, General and Transfer Curricula in Comprehensive High Schools, Shared Time Vocational Schools and Full Time Vocational Schools. Final Report.
Doty, Charles R.; And Others
During the second phase of a project (see ED 114 494 for phase 1) a data collection and analysis model for determining the cost per pupil for vocational education programs was refined and tested in two comprehensive high schools, a shared time area vocational technical school, and a full-time area vocational technical school in New Jersey.…
CarboSchools: partnerships between climate researchers and secondary school teachers. CarboOcean's and CarboEurope's combined initiative to educate pupils in latest marine and terrestrial carbon cycle research
A. Volbers; A. Freibauer; P. Saugier
CarboSchools links researchers from several leading carbon science laboratories in Europe with secondary schools. In these partnerships, young Europeans conduct experiments on the impact of greenhouse gases and learn about climate research and the reduction of emissions. Scientists and teachers co-operate to give young people practical experience of research through true investiagtions and direct interactions with scientists. The pupils also
Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil
Growing numbers of pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are attending mainstream schools, and increasing numbers of teaching assistants (TAs) are being deployed into classrooms to support them. Evidence suggests, however, that pupils who have a TA may underperform academically, receive less attention from their teachers and be isolated…
Shaper, Sue; Streatfield, David
This paper draws on the "accidental" results of a UK national survey of school libraries to explore how school librarians can contribute to student pastoral care. Although the survey did not ask specific questions about student social development, responding librarians identified three key aspects of their contribution: support for learning;…
Clegg, Judy; Stackhouse, Joy; Finch, Katy; Murphy, Claire; Nicholls, Shelley
In the UK, exclusions from school because of behaviour problems usually occur when other alternatives have proved unsuccessful. There is some evidence to suggest that behaviour problems and resulting school exclusions are associated with language impairment. In older children who are permanently excluded, expressive rather than receptive language…
Thomas, Sally; Sammons, Pam; Mortimore, Peter; Smees, Rebecca
Describes the nature of school effects on academic achievement for different groups of students based on performance in selected subjects. Uses a "value added" approach, controlling for students' backgrounds. Indicates that schools that are more or less effective for one group of students are likely to be similarly effective for all students. (DSK)
Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew; Francis, Leslie J.
The Outgroup Prejudice Index is a six-item scale that uses social distance to assess prejudice towards ethnic and religious out groups among Asians and whites. It was developed among a sample of 2,982 teenagers attending schools in northern England who indicated their religion as "Muslim", "Christian" or "No religion". The scale demonstrated…
This paper gives an account of a project undertaken by a multidisciplinary team, which included an educational psychologist, advisory teacher and behaviour consultant, to help revise and improve a school's behaviour policy and practice. At the onset, the team spent a great deal of time consulting with the teachers, parents but, above all, the…
Humphrey, Neil; Lewis, Sarah
The last decade has seen a groundswell of developments in educational policy in the UK relating to inclusive education for students with special educational needs (SEN). However, whether government policy has been fully implemented in schools remains a concern. The experience of students with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) provides an…
Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul
The paper considers two problematic aspects of the lives of young people: the long-standing issues of truancy from school and more recent concerns about the extent of mental well-being. It uses data from a large-scale survey, the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE). LSYPE provides a very large sample which allows for robust…
McPhillips, Martin; Jordan-Black, Julie-Anne
Background: Previous research has produced conflicting results regarding the effects of season of birth and age-position on cognitive attainments. In Northern Ireland the school year divides the summer season into two providing an opportunity to evaluate the relative contribution of season of birth and age-position effects. Aims: To investigate…
Johansen, Vegard; Schanke, Tuva
Many European countries have launched policy strategies for entrepreneurship education in the past decade. The result is a significant increase of entrepreneurship education in schools and higher education institutions in Europe. Entrepreneurship education is supposed to promote entrepreneurial abilities and improve academic performance. This…
Foulder-Hughes, Lynda; Prior, Clare
Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are at an increased risk for a range of motor, sensory and social challenges which affect their ability to function at school. The current small scale, qualitative study sought to investigate how children with ASD and/or DCD felt about the transition to…
Monyooe, L A
This study surveyed reports of practices of corporal punishment at secondary schools in Lesotho by 60 randomly selected pupils. There were 34 males and 26 females, whose mean age was 21 years, with a range between 14 and 29 years. Responses to a questionnaire confirmed that punishment was associated with pupils' reports of academic impairment, psychological damage, and physical injury. PMID:8234604
Charlton, Tony; Panting, Charlie; Willis, Hazel
This article begins with a cursory discussion on rates and causes of school exclusion as well as curriculum initiatives intended to minimise exclusion risks and improve school attendance. Focus is then placed upon an evaluation of an innovative programme designed to provide support to those at risk of exclusion from secondary schools.…
Cowie, Helen; Oztug, Ozhan
The research reported in this article was carried out in four secondary schools, two with a peer support system (PS) and two without (NPS) and involved a total of 931 pupils, (49.5 per cent males, and 50.5 per cent females). Participants were aged between 11 and 15 years of age, mean age 12.8 years. The aim was to compare the perceptions of safety…
Solstad, Karl Johan
The main question that the present study attempted to throw some light upon is whether or not an organziation that forces substantial numbers of rural pupils to travel 10-15 kilometers or more twice a day is acting contradictory to the aim of making school life enjoyable. (Author/RK)
Aveyard, Paul; Markham, Wolfgang A; Lancashire, Emma; Bullock, Alison; Macarthur, Christine; Cheng, K K; Daniels, Harry
School factors and not solely pupil composition probably cause variation in smoking prevalence amongst schools, but there are no theoretical models to explain why. In this paper we propose a hypothesis to explain schools' influence on pupils' smoking and test this using an existing cross-sectional survey of 23,282 pupils from 166 secondary schools in the West Midlands, UK. We hypothesise that school-level educational achievement scores would not be associated with smoking prevalence, but schools providing value-added education given the social background of pupils (authoritative schools) would provide effective support and control, have a relatively strong influence on pupils' lives and be associated with lower than average smoking prevalence. Schools providing value-denuded education (laissez-faire schools) would have a relatively weak influence on pupils' lives and be associated with higher than average smoking prevalence. The school achievement measures were the proportion of pupils achieving 5A-C General Certificates of Secondary Education (5A-Cs) grades and the proportion of half days lost to truancy. Value-added/denuded terms were created by regressing 5A-Cs and truancy on five markers of the social profile of pupils at the school. Authoritative schools achieved better than expected rates on both measures. Laissez-faire schools achieved worse than expected rates on both measures. All other schools were classed as indeterminate. Multilevel logistic regression was used to relate the risk of regular smoking to school culture in both achievement and authoritative/laissez-faire terms, both with and without adjustment for pupil-level risk factors for smoking. As predicted, schools' achievement measures were unrelated to pupils' smoking. The odds ratios (95% confidence intervals) for smoking in authoritative and laissez-faire schools relative to indeterminate schools were 0.80 (0.70-0.91) and 1.16 (1.07-1.27), respectively. Adjustment for pupil-level smoking risk factors had little effect. School culture is an independent risk factor for adolescent smoking. Schools providing effective support and control might protect pupils from smoking. PMID:14990377
Wiium, Nora; Burgess, Stephen; Moore, Laurence
A multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey involving 1941 pupils (in grades 10 and 11) and policy indicators developed from interviews with staff from 45 secondary schools in Wales examined the hypotheses that pupil smoking prevalence would be associated with: restrictive staff and pupil smoking policies; dissemination of school…
Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil
The number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) attending mainstream schools is increasing, but there is evidence that their needs may not be fully met. Previous research has suggested that such pupils are at an increased risk of social exclusion. In light of this, the aim of the current study was to examine the sociometric status,…
Gan, Siowck Lee
This study sought to obtain insight into the pattern of relationships between students' achievement in science and study behavior variables. Surveyed were 17-year-olds in the science stream of two secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur. Sex differences were found. (MNS)
Brown, Willis C.
One of the outstanding characteristics of American secondary education is the emphasis that it places upon individual and social needs. Most educators endorse student extraclass activities as an important way to obtain program flexibility, meet individual needs, and attain desirable education objectives. Among the purposes of this publication are…
Skrobanek, Jan; Reissig, Birgit; Muller, Matthias
A system of qualification options has evolved that is complementary to company-based and school-based vocational training. Thus far, these alternatives have been largely disregarded by vocational education research. Yet with respect to the number of annual entries, those alternatives are currently nearly as significant as conventional vocational…
Goetzke, Roland; Hodam, Henryk; Rienow, Andreas; Voß, Kerstin
Floods and their destructive consequences for local residents are distributed in the media periodically and are, accordingly, noticed by students. Especially the discussion about the impacts of an anthropogenic climate change on the frequency of extreme events reinforces the importance of addressing the subject in school curricula. Remote sensing and GIS offer a wide range of methods for analyzing problems of vulnerability and risk, but are normally not recognized in school education. Reasons for this are: teachers have not been taught how to use and interpret remote sensing data, and there is only little material or software which can be integrated into school lessons without considerable effort. The main goal of the German FIS-project ("Fernerkundung in Schulen" - "Remote Sensing in Schools") is the development of easy-to-use e-learning material in order to apply remote sensing methods in schools and thereby enforcing learning mechanisms based on the moderate constructivist learning theory. The interactive learning unit "Floods - Dealing with a constant threat" is a learning module for a double lesson that enables young students from age 12 to 16 to use geo data for a site analysis especially focusing on the threat of floods. Following a guiding question from a real-world situation, the students are in demand as experts for site analyses and, in the process, need to identify problems arising with a location decision. Their investigation includes measurements in the three-dimensional space of a study area near the Rhine River. Therefore the students are provided with data from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), a satellite image and several GIS-layers. The different data sets have to be combined in order to achieve valuable results. At certain points the pupils need to reflect their decisions after incorporating new information against the background of flood risk. The presented learning module is designed in Flash and, thus, is platform-independent. It is freely available on the project's website. While animations impart background information, e.g. the generation of a DEM, the main module relies on real-time simulation. The learning module incorporates elements of game-based learning by making use of interactive simulations and design elements appealing to children and adolescents in order to engage them with the story, but it has a strong focus on the appropriate use of geo data in a scientific context all the same.
Tregaskis, Olga; And Others
A survey involving 1,024 secondary pupils and 22 career educators from schools throughout the United Kingdom collected information on pupils' perceptions of entering the hotel and catering industry as a career. The research looked in detail at the job expectations of pupils, the status they associated with hotel and catering and nonhotel and…
Summers, James B.
This talk covers the seven major concepts or general parameters of pupil transportation within which a school board must function: (1) definition of school bus transportation, (2) responsibilities of a school board, (3) type of school board, (4) purchasing school buses, (5) contracting school buses, (6) operations, and (7) national standards.…
Our research project examined the effects of graphic calculators amongst ninth grade pupils from Arab society in the Negev area in Israel. The goal of this research was to discover and characterise the ways of thinking in this population about the concept of positivity and negativity of functions. To perform this investigation we compared two…
Mainwaring, Deborah; Hallam, Susan
This research uses the psychological construct of "possible selves" to investigate the aspirations of 25 students in Year 11. "Possible selves" provide a conceptual link between self-concept and motivation. The study compared the positive, negative and impossible possible selves of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) attendees with participants from a…
The selection of children in England's schools for different types of education can be seen operating at three levels: between schools, within schools and within classes. This article deals mainly with the second--the allocation of pupils to classes--but it also refers to selection for secondary education and to the grouping of pupils within…
In this lecture Professor Catherine Wallace explores the literacy and language development of two groups of EAL (English as an Additional Language) pupils in London schools: Year 5 pupils in a primary school and Year 8 new arrivals in a secondary school. As they navigate their way through the British educational system, the learners recount…
CarboSchools: partnerships between climate researchers and secondary school teachers. CarboOcean's and CarboEurope's combined initiative to educate pupils in latest marine and terrestrial carbon cycle research
Volbers, A.; Freibauer, A.; Saugier, P.; CarboSchools Consortium
CarboSchools links researchers from several leading carbon science laboratories in Europe with secondary schools. In these partnerships, young Europeans conduct experiments on the impact of greenhouse gases and learn about climate research and the reduction of emissions. Scientists and teachers co-operate to give young people practical experience of research through true investiagtions and direct interactions with scientists. The pupils also have the opportunity to inform the wider community about climate change by producing a final output of articles, exhibitions, conferences etc. Nine research institutes in seven countries are exploring how they can best motivate and support such partnerships at the regional level across a wide variety of contexts, topics, and age-groups. European co-operation makes it possible to compare results, learn from each other and develop replicable good practive. Pupils can gain European experience by getting involved in the Europe-wide "school CO2-web" project. In order to assess the educational impact of the CarboSchools project, an in-depth evaluation of attitudes, beliefs, and skills will be carried out. Started in 2004 by CarboEurope and CarboOcean, two major European Integrated Projects on the terrestrial and marine carbon cycle, CarboSchools is currently funded by the Science and society programme of the EU with a target of ca 100 schools directly involved. Furthermore, EPOCA, a new EU project on ocean acidification, joins forces with CarboSchools.
Fox, David J.; And Others
The summer program for junior high and intermediate school pupils in 1969, supported by the State Urban Education Aid Program in New York, offered a six-week remediation and enrichment program for public and non-public school pupils. The program included an Academy in the Creative Arts, an Institute in Mathematics and Science, a school for the…
The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…
Elovainio, Marko; Pietikäinen, Minna; Luopa, Pauliina; Kivimäki, Mika; Ferrie, Jane E; Jokela, Jukka; Suominen, Sakari; Vahtera, Jussi; Virtanen, Marianna
It has been shown that the psychosocial environment perceived by school staff is associated with children's academic performance and wellbeing. In this study we examined the associations between organizational justice (procedural and relational justice) as reported by school staff and pupils' perceptions of their school environment, health problems, academic performance, and absenteeism. We combined data from two surveys: for the staff (the Finnish Public Sector Study, n = 1946) and pupils (the Finnish school health promotion survey, n = 11,781 boys and 12,842 girls) of 136 secondary schools, collected during 2004-2005. Multilevel cumulative logistic regression analyses showed that after adjustment for potential individual and school-level confounding factors, low procedural justice was associated with pupils' dissatisfaction with school-going. Low relational justice was associated with a 1.30 times higher risk of poor academic performance, 1.15 times higher risk of psychosomatic symptoms and 1.13 times higher risk of depressive symptoms among pupils. Both organizational justice components were associated with truancy. We concluded that staff perceptions of organizational justice at school are associated with pupils' reports of their psychosocial school environment, health, performance, and absenteeism due to truancy. Improving managerial and decision making procedures among school personnel may be an important factor for protecting pupils' academic performance and wellbeing. PMID:22019366
The study was conducted during the Easter holidays of 2010 at Rawmarsh City Learning Centre with 16 students from school years 8 to 11 who had participated, during their infant years, in a gifted and talented Key Stage One Enrichment Cluster. The students represented a wide range of backgrounds, and five were identified as being on the autistic…
Brutsaert, Herman; Van Houtte, Mieke
In present analysis, an attempt is made to identify perceived social support mechanisms through which the gender composition of the school may influence pupils' stress responses. Use was made of data from 68 academically oriented secondary schools in Flanders, Belgium. Of these schools, 25 were mixed-sex schools and 43 were single-sex schools (21…
The analytical focus in this article is on how social categories intersect in daily school life and how intersections intertwine with other empirically relevant categories such as normality, pupilness and (in)appropriatedness. The point of empirical departure is a daily ritual where teams for football are selected. The article opens up for a…
Stevens, Peter A. J.
This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish-speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic…
Pupil Achievement-Comparison of Two Schools, Leflore County School District, Mississippi. Reports of Consultants and Advisory Specialists under Planning Grant, Title III, Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.
Curtis, Hazen A.
Student bodies in each of 2 Leflore County schools in rural Mississippi (1 school practically all Negro and the other mainly white) are described in terms of their academic achievement in principal subject matter areas. In both schools, pupils are enrolled from grades 1 through 12, and standardized tests were administered at selected grade levels.…
Andrea M. Mühlenweg
This paper examines educational outcomes of pupils selected to secondary school types by different tracking regimes in a German state: Pupils are alternatively streamed after fourth grade or after sixth grade. Regression results indicate that, estimated on the mean, there are no negative effects of later tracking on educational outcomes in the middle of secondary school. Positive effects are observed
Martin, Ralph R.
Student placements in schools to support Welsh-medium delivery and pupil experience of Welsh experience in local junior or secondary schools. Students have the choice to attend a Welsh-medium school and assist in subject-specific classes or English speaking schools to assist the Welsh teacher. The students
In this paper, single-sex and coeducational schools are compared in terms of pupils' perceptions of disciplinary and academic climates. Use was made of data from 68 secondary schools in Flanders (Belgium). Of these schools, 25 were mixed and 43 were single-sex (21 girls, and 22 boys, schools). Respondents were third-year students: 3370 girls and…
Koskela, Teija; Määttä, Kaarina; Uusiautti, Satu
The need for pupil welfare has increased in schools as has the need to renew the traditional teacher's work. The purpose of this article is to find out how committed the teachers are to pupil welfare work and how the school organisation supports pupil welfare work structurally and practically. The original research was carried out in northern…
Reviews research on elementary school pupils' ratings of teacher effectiveness. Concludes adequate research exists to generalize that pupils can rate reliably, pupils may be no more vulnerable than others to rating leniency and halo, psychometric characteristics and factor structures of rating scales resemble those of college students,…
This paper reviews clinical characteristics of depression in school children; prevalence of depression; assessment; outcome in adult life; etiological factors (including genetics, biochemical factors, psychological factors, adverse life experiences, and friends and achievements); and treatment through pharmacotherapy and psychological treatments.…
This study aimed to explore Japanese high school teachers' views of pupil misbehaviour in order to contribute to the growing international literature on discipline in schools. A total of 141 Japanese high school teachers completed a questionnaire which explored their views regarding the factors accounting for pupil misbehaviour, the frequency of…
Topping, K. J.; Thurston, A.; Tolmie, A.; Christie, D.; Murray, P.; Karagiannidou, E.
The use of cooperative learning in secondary school is reported--an area of considerable concern given attempts to make secondary schools more interactive and gain higher recruitment to university science courses. In this study the intervention group was 259 pupils aged 12-14 years in nine secondary schools, taught by 12 self-selected teachers.…
Pirrie, Anne; Macleod, Gale
This article explores the methodological challenges encountered during a study of destinations and outcomes for pupils permanently excluded from Pupil Referral Units (PRUs) and special schools in England. It outlines the manner in which the key phrases and assumptions embedded within the specification, terms such as routes and trajectories,…
Socially problematic and violent behaviour of pupils in and around schools is undesirable from pedagogical, social and societal perspectives. The motives underlying violence between different social actors in school may help explain and improve this behaviour. The aim is to investigate the relationship patterns between characteristics of secondary…
Bhopal, Kalwant; Myers, Martin
This paper examines inclusionary processes and examples of "good practice" in primary and secondary schools for Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in one inner London Borough in the UK. It will explore the role of the Traveller Education Service (TES) and argue that the support provided by the TES to schools is essential for the development of "good…
Cowie, Helen; Hutson, Nicky; Oztug, Ozhan; Myers, Carrie
The research was carried out in four secondary schools, two with a peer support system and two without, and involved a total of 931 pupils (49.5% males and 50.5% females). Participants were aged between 11 and 15 years of age, mean age 12.8 years. The aims were: to compare the perceptions of safety on the part of older and younger pupils in…
Indiscipline in schools in the UK continues to be the subject of fierce debate. The views of young people as pupils in these schools continue to be marginalised despite their centrality to this debate and their ability to offer a unique set of perspectives. An exploration of the views of a generality of pupils suggests the need to challenge many…
Gray, Shirley; Sproule, John; Wang, C. K. John
It has been claimed that young children in schools in Scotland cannot relate to the activities that are taught in the more "traditional" PE curriculum, activities that predominately include team invasion games (TIG) such as basketball, soccer and hockey (Scottish Executive, 2004). However, one of the issues with this claim is that it does not…
Head, George; Kane, Jean; Cogan, Nicola
This article gives findings from the first year of an evaluation of various behavior support programs in 21 secondary schools in Scotland. Focus is on analysis of exclusion data, school reports on the initiative, and case studies of 116 pupils receiving behavior support. Discussion notes difficulties reconciling the flexibility required for…
This article examines teachers' attitudes towards Gypsy and Traveller pupils in one primary and one secondary school in an inner-London borough in England, UK. The research is based on in-depth interviews with 20 teachers, heads, deputies and classroom assistants. The main aims of the study were to examine examples of "good practice" in schools…
This article reflects on the inequity of secondary modern school education. In doing so it draws heavily on the experience of the author while highlighting inputs from others who failed the 11+ examination and were banished to such schools. The article argues that selection undermines the self-esteem of secondary modern school pupils and places…
Krassel, Karl Fritjof; Heinesen, Eskil
We analyze class-size effects on academic achievement in secondary school in Denmark exploiting an institutional setting where pupils cannot predict class size prior to enrollment, and where post-enrollment responses aimed at affecting realized class size are unlikely. We identify class-size effects combining a regression discontinuity design with…
Swinson, Jeremy; Harrop, Alex
Nineteen teachers took part in a brief, one session, in-service course in which they were trained in behavioural techniques with the main aim of helping them increase their rates of approval contingent upon required behaviours from their pupils and to decrease their rates of disapproval. Subsidiary aims were that the teachers would be enabled to…
Hallam, Susan; Ireson, Judith; Davies, Jane
There has been little research on pupils' experiences of ability grouping. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of primary-aged pupils regarding the purpose and practice of within and between class ability grouping; their experiences of those practices; and how their attitudes to school, self-perceptions and behaviour were affected. The…
Knipe, Damian; Reynolds, Margaret; Milner, Sharon
The Department of Education in Northern Ireland has been reviewing the procedures for suspending and expelling pupils from school. This article reports the views of a random sample of 114 children (11-16 years) towards the proposed changes. Pupils' thoughts on: dealing with misbehaviour; setting rules; the decision-making process; appropriate…
Volman, Monique; van Eck, Edith; Heemskerk, Irma; Kuiper, Els
This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on…
This paper describes the support of secondary pupils at risk of school exclusion through a course of group work designed to promote individual responsibility for behaviour. Following self-reflection the young people are encouraged to write their own behavioural targets and consider their progress in working towards them throughout the six-session…
In this activity, learners explore their eye pupils and how they change. Learners use a magnifying glass, mirror, and flashlight to observe how their pupil changes size in response to changes in lighting. Learners also experiment to determine how light shining in one eye affects the size of the pupil in their other eye. This resource guide includes background information about pupils and why they change as well as information related to emotional stimuli, involuntary reflexes, and photography.
Subbarini, Moh'd S.
The attitudes toward the environment of elementary school pupils in Jordan were investigated. The results revealed favorable but not strong positive attitudes. Methods, instruments, and implications are discussed. (CW)
This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…
Garn, Joshua V; Caruso, Bethany A; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D; Kramer, Michael R; Brumback, Babette A; Rheingans, Richard D; Freeman, Matthew C
The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils' use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils' use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils' use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014
Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet
The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants…
Quicke, J. C.
This study examined pupils' knowledge of and feelings about mental handicap, through interviews with second year students in a British comprehensive school and a questionnaire survey of 179 students. Results indicated that girls felt that disabled persons were capable of benefiting from integration, whereas boys' attitudes were more ambiguous.…
West, Anne; Barham, Eleanor; Hind, Audrey
The distribution of pupils amongst schools is fundamental to concerns about equality of educational opportunity and it is for this reason that the process by which pupils are admitted to schools is of significance. This paper focuses on admissions criteria and practices used by English secondary schools in 2001 and 2008 in light of changes to…
Heitor, Teresa V.
Portugal has a total of 477 public secondary schools. Some date from the end of the 19th century but the majority were built after 1970, reflecting the period of expansion in the school network and the extension of compulsory schooling. The schools are heterogeneous in terms of building types, architectural features and quality. An assessment of…
In this article, Rachel Fyson of the Centre for Social Work in the School of Sociology and Social Policy at the University of Nottingham reports the findings of a study into sexually inappropriate or abusive behaviour occurring between pupils in special schools in four local authorities in England. The behaviours identified ranged from relatively…
Brook, U.; Heim, M.
This study explores the idea that accidents may be considered a "recurrent disease" in certain families (N=279). Prevalence and location of accidents, knowledge of accident and injury prevention, and sources of information about prevention were examined among high school pupils and families. An educational initiative for high school students is…
This article presents an account of a practical outdoor science project using the larvae of antlions with year 5 and 6 (age 10-11) pupils from Sir Harry Johnston International Primary School in Zomba, Malawi. Aim: To conduct a science project outdoors using scientific enquiry and knowledge in a typical African school environment and to see whether…
Minnesota State Dept. of Education, St. Paul.
This report on secondary school dropouts consists of an analysis of the scope and nature of the dropout problem, a discussion of successful programs and activities for dropouts, a description of a pilot study involving Minnesota public secondary schools and Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) agencies, and presentation of…
Aira, Tuula; Välimaa, Raili; Paakkari, Leena; Villberg, Jari; Kannas, Lasse
Only a few countries have introduced health education (HE) as a stand-alone school subject. In Finland every pupil in basic education grades 7-9 takes three obligatory courses in HE. This study investigated Finnish pupils' perceptions of the teaching and learning of HE. It also explored how school- and family-related background variables are associated with these perceptions. Nationally representative data were obtained from a 2010 school-based study on Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). A total of 4262 pupils from 7th and 9th grades (13 and 15 years old) responded anonymously to the questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between perceptions of HE and school- and family-related background variables. The majority of the pupils had positive perceptions of HE. In terms of their own learning, girls' perceptions were more positive than boys': 86% of 13- and 15-year-old girls agreed that HE classes had taught them to think about the advantages and disadvantages of various health behaviours, whereas only 79% of boys shared this opinion. School engagement had the strongest association with perceptions of HE: the more positive the attitudes towards school, the more positive were the perceptions of HE. Older girls perceived their learning and their participation in class discussions more positively than younger ones, and older boys were more critical of the teaching than younger ones. The pupils' educational aspirations were not associated with their perceptions of HE, and perceived family affluence was associated only with girls' perceptions of participation in HE classes. The pupils' feedback on HE was positive and encouraging. There is a demand for the subject in society, and HE seems to have the potential to augment young people's positive attitudes towards health issues, and to enhance their health literacy. PMID:24609436
Van Horn, Kathleen L.
Research assessed the effectiveness of the Utah Pupil/Teacher Self-Concept Program in changing specific teacher verbal behaviors related to self concept. Subjects were secondary school teachers in the Logan City and Cache County School Systems, Utah. An experimental pre-post control group design was employed with 12 teachers in the experimental…
Asotska, Julia; Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Brown, Veda E.; Kritsonis, Wiilliam Allan
The purpose of this article is to discuss whether Polish primary school pupils want to wear uniforms, and it is motivated by the Polish government's recently proposed policy: Zero Tolerance for Violence at School. Seventy one pupils, who attend Podstawowka Nr30 school in Cracow, were surveyed, and the authors found that most pupils are not in…
Pupils in middle schools should have ample opportunities to write with the use of word processors. Legible writing in longhand will always be necessary in selected situations but, nevertheless, much drudgery is taken care of when using a word processor. Word processors tend to be very user friendly in that few mechanical skills are needed by the…
These guidelines offer information on space planning and design for school principals, boards of management and designers to make permanent learning facilities available for pupils with special educational needs across the 26 counties of Ireland. The guidelines reflect many of the recent changes in the country's educational system, changes that…
Lufler, Henry S., Jr.
This chapter focuses on 1981 cases involving students. The author notes that litigation involving pupils occurred with greater frequency in the areas of handicapped students, student testing, and church-state separation. The most important cases involving students concerned circuit courts of appeal decisions in the handicapped and testing areas.…
Lufler, Henry S., Jr.; Bielsky, Donald J.
Litigation having to do with pupils occurred with greater frequency in 1980 than in the past. The greatest increase dealt with the handicapped and with substantive rights of students. Cases involving handicapped students generally focused on parent requests for residential treatment, extended-year programs, and in-class assistance for their…
Kasanen, Kati; Raty, Hannu; Eklund, Anna-Leena
Purpose: This study set out to investigate pupils' evaluations of their academic abilities in different school subjects and their ratings of their potential for improving their performance in those school subjects. Sample: Twenty-eight pupils from the third grade (approximately age nine) and 30 pupils from the sixth grade (approximately age 12) in…
Pupil dilation during visual target detection School of Optometry, University of California, USAMario Aguilar It has long been documented that emotional and sensory events elicit a pupillary dilation presentation (RSVP), pupil dilation was significantly associated with target detection. The amplitude
Kiboss, Joel K.; Ndirangu, Mwangi; Wekesa, Eric W.
Biology knowledge and understanding is important not only for the conversion of the loftiest dreams into reality for a better life of individuals but also for preparing secondary pupils for such fields as agriculture, medicine, biotechnology, and genetic engineering. But a recent study has revealed that many aspects of school science (biology…
Mearns, Tessa L.; Coyle, Do; de Graaff, Rick
This paper describes a research project conducted in collaboration with 10 "pupil co-researchers" (PCRs) and their classes in a secondary school in the Netherlands. The main research tools employed were online and face-to-face group discussions, in which PCRs contributed as consultants, co-designers and assistants. The research proved a…
In this article, the concept of school discipline will be explored in relation to that of educational interest. Initially, Clark's account of two different kinds of school order (discipline and control) will be explained. The interest-based theory of school discipline advanced by Pat Wilson will thereafter be analysed. It will be argued that both…
Hinkle, Kerry; And Others
The monograph includes three papers on the provision of school psychological services in secondary schools. "Perspectives in Psychological Services at the Secondary School Level" (by K. Hinkle and S. Sommers) provides a state of the art review of past, present, and future trends. D. McEchron's paper "School Psychological Services in the Secondary…
Derek Glover; Gerry Gough; Michael Johnson
Summary This paper outlines an investigation of the incidence and impact of physical, verbal and property-violation bullying in 25 secondary schools within a partner- ship operating with Keele University. The investigation also considers the impact of antisocial behaviour on pupils and the effectiveness of intervention to secure improved behaviour patterns. Evidence shows that in any year 75 per cent of
Davies, Peter; Telhaj, Shqiponje; Hutton, David; Adnett, Nick; Coe, Robert
The performance of departments has been largely neglected in previous studies of subject choice in secondary schools. This is a significant omission because analysis at departmental level enables a fuller assessment of the effects of competition and specialisation on pupil performance. This paper examines relationships between both absolute and…
The number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) being educated in mainstream schools is increasing. However, there is growing concern about their educational experiences. Research suggests that such pupils make easy targets for bullies, and are considered difficult to teach by teachers. Furthermore, pupils with ASD are more than 20…
Within a theoretical framework drawn from sociologists of education Bourdieu and Bernstein, this paper will examine some of the findings of an ethnographic case study conducted with a secondary school music teacher and one class of her pupils in Wales. This teacher attracted 25% of Year 10 (14-year-old) pupils to study music as an optional subject…
Dupriez, Vincent; Dumay, Xavier; Vause, Anne
School systems worldwide respond in particular ways to students' academic heterogeneity, and different countries have developed different strategies to manage such heterogeneity. Whereas some countries separate children according to distinctive educational routes (or tracks) at early ages, others rely on intensive use of grade retention, while…
Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina
A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…
Pavic Simetin, Ivana; Kern, Josipa; Kuzman, Marina; Pförtner, Timo-Kolja
The socioeconomic inequality in pupils' risk behaviors has been the topic of many studies with quite contradictory findings. Furthermore, the role of socioeconomic environment has been analyzed much less often than the role of individual socioeconomic status (SES). This study examined the association between school/area-level socioeconomic environment and Croatian pupils' risk behaviors (tobacco use, drunkenness, cannabis use, early sexual initiation and fighting). Data from the WHO-Collaborative 'Health Behavior in School-aged Children' study conducted in Croatia in 2006 (1601 secondary schools' pupils, aged 15) and census data were used. Multilevel logistic regression analyses, adjusted by gender, were performed. The individual level of SES explained the majority of differences in all risk behaviors among adolescents. Differences in tobacco use, early sexual initiation and fighting were more closely attributed to school level than area level, which was more closely associated with differences in adolescent drunkenness and cannabis use. At the individual level, high individual SES was associated with higher probability for tobacco use and drunkenness compared to low individual SES. Furthermore, school heterogeneity (compared to school homogeneity) and medium school-level SES (compared to low school-level SES) were associated with higher probability for cannabis use. Compared to the most advanced schools (gymnasiums), attending the least advanced schools (industrial and crafts schools) was associated with higher probability for fighting. Compared to low area-level SES, medium area-level SES was associated with higher probability for cannabis use and fighting. Conclusively, it was found that low SES at individual, school and area levels, school homogeneity and advanced school attendance play a protective role against risk behaviors. To reduce inequalities in pupils' risk behaviors, there is a need for community and school-based programs that take into consideration not only individual SES but also school- and area-level socioeconomic circumstances. PMID:24331894
The aim of this field study was to investigate the hidden curriculum of school rules delimited to the moral construction of "the good pupil" embedded in the system of school rules in two primary schools. According to the findings, the rule system mediates a moral construction of the good pupil to the children, and this actually includes two…
Selwyn, Neil; Potter, John; Cranmer, Sue
Based on survey data from 612 pupils in five English primary schools, this paper investigates children's engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs) inside and outside the school context. Analysis of the data shows pupils' engagements with ICTs to be often perfunctory and unspectacular, especially within the school setting,…
Brown, Cynthia L.; And Others
The Secondary School Taxonomy (SST) was developed as part of an analysis of the high school course-taking behavior of high school graduates between 1969 and 1987. Based on high school transcripts, it is intended to answer questions about secondary vocational education, such as: (1) who took vocational education and how much did they take?; (2)…
Initiating Realistic Programmes for Gifted Pupils in Secondary Schools in the Cape Province within the Boundaries of the Present Educational System, with Special Reference to the Problems Surrounding this Transitional Period.
The paper describes steps taken in initiating a program for gifted students undertaken in 11 secondary schools in Cape Province, South Africa. The development of an identification model was made difficult because the fixed South African educational system inhibits creativity and productive thinking abilities. Factors used to select students for…
Francis, Becky; Archer, Louise; Mau, Ada
Pupils' experiences of complementary education are neglected in the research literature, yet they are highly important in terms of understanding complementary schools and their impact on pupils' educational and social identities. This article explores British-Chinese pupils' discursive constructions of the purposes and benefits of Chinese…
Tsang, Kwan Lan Vicky
The primary aim of this research study was to investigate and compare the attitudes and perceptions of secondary pupils, with and without Special Education Needs, towards studying together on the same campus. Both qualitative and quantitative data were gathered from the use of the "On the Same Campus" questionnaire by surveying 216…
Violence assessment can potentially be improved by Item Response Theory, that is, ordinal Mokken Scale Analysis. The research question is as follows: Does Mokken Scale Analysis of secondary pupils' experience of violence result in a homogeneous, reliable, and valid unidimensional scale that fits all the requirements of Mokken scaling? The method…
This article examines the concept of "White racism" in relation to the experiences of Gypsy and Traveller groups in England. It is based on ethnographic research conducted in two secondary schools during the years 2006-2009. Interviews were carried out with pupils attending the secondary schools, their mothers and members of the Traveller…
Lin, Linda H. F.; Morrison, Bruce
Following the hand-over of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the medium of instruction in most secondary schools in Hong Kong was changed from English to Chinese. Concerns have been expressed that the English language proficiency level of pupils whose secondary school medium of instruction (MOI) is Chinese is lower than that of those whose MOI is…
Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina
This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…
This paper attempts to elucidate pupils’ experience of school and to interpret the meaning of their experiences. The theoretical roots of this study are to be found within the phenomenology of the lifeworld. The pupils’ experience of school is made apparent with the aid of creative activity in the form of the production of drawings, combined with subsequent oral comments.
Demie, Feyisa; Lewis, Kirstin
The aim of the research was to study the experiences of Portuguese heritage pupils in British schools. The main findings from empirical data suggest Portuguese children are underachieving at the end of primary education but the case study confirms that in good schools Portuguese pupils do well and have made huge improvements over the periods. The…
Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.
This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…
PAUL NAYLOR; HELEN COWIE
This large-scale questionnaire survey (n=2313) has sought teachers' and pupils' perceptions and experiences of peer support systems in challenging bullying in U.K. (mainly English) secondary schools and colleges (n=51). In general, these systems have been found to be effective in reducing the negative effects of bullying for victims. Collectively, the respondents also perceive many important benefits to users of these
Djordjevic, G. S.; Pavlovic-Babic, D.
The "High school class for students with special abilities in physics" was founded in Nis, Serbia (www.pmf.ni.ac.yu/f_odeljenje) in 2003. The basic aim of this project has been introducing a broadened curriculum of physics, mathematics, computer science, as well as chemistry and biology. Now, six years after establishing of this specialized class, and 3 years after the previous report, we present analyses of the pupils' skills in solving rather problem oriented test, as PISA test, and compare their results with the results of pupils who study under standard curricula. More precisely results are compared to the progress results of the pupils in a standard Grammar School and the corresponding classes of the Mathematical Gymnasiums in Nis. Analysis of achievement data should clarify what are benefits of introducing in school system track for gifted students. Additionally, item analysis helps in understanding and improvement of learning strategies' efficacy. We make some conclusions and remarks that may be useful for the future work that aims to increase pupils' intrinsic and instrumental motivation for physics and sciences, as well as to increase the efficacy of teaching physics and science.
Strand, Steve; Demie, Feyisa
This article presents an analysis of the association between pupil mobility and educational attainment in the 2002 national end of Key Stage 2 (KS2) tests for 11-year-old pupils in an inner London education authority. The results show that pupil mobility is strongly associated with low attainment in the end of key stage tests. However, the…
Van Aalsvoort, Joke
Secondary school chemical education has a problem: namely, the seeming irrelevance to the pupils of chemistry. Chemical education prepares pupils for participation in society. Therefore, it must imply a model of society, of chemistry, and of the relation between them. In this article it is hypothesized that logical positivism currently offers this…
Cross, Beth; Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen
This article critically examines pupil councils as a means of developing pupils' citizenship participation. It draws on findings across two research projects. The first study is a mixed method study commissioned by Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS) that reviews the range of participatory activities in Scottish schools and their…
Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Olatundun, Sunday Adekojo
This study investigated the impact of outdoor educational activities on pupils' knowledge of some environmental issues and problems. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and eighty primary 5 pupils from 12 randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria, constituted the subjects…
Jong, Cindy; Pedulla, Joseph J.; Reagan, Emilie Mitescu; Salomon-Fernandez, Yves; Cochran-Smith, Marilyn
This study examined the classroom practices of beginning elementary school teachers' instruction of mathematics and how it connected to their pupils' learning. The Reformed Teaching Observation Protocol (RTOP) was used to measure the extent to which beginning teachers used reformed teaching practices. As a measure of pupil learning, we utilized…
This study aims to explore pupils' views on how a teacher should be and the reasons for their decisions. Based on qualitative research design, focus group interviews were done with ten 5th graders from a public primary school in Turkey. These pupils were asked the following questions: "how do you think a teacher should be?" and…
This article is based on empirical research into headteachers'/principals' perception of the meaning of spiritual education and the provision they make and the strategies they use in order to meet the statutory requirement to promote the spiritual development of pupils/students through the curriculum in the special school setting for pupils with…
Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula
This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…
Topolovcan, Tomislav; Matijevic, Milan
The aim of this study was to establish whether there are differences between the computer self-efficacy of pupils and teachers (N = 507) in the context of the classroom, as a developing workplace of the teacher in elementary education. The survey covered 184 teachers and 323 pupils in elementary school. The results show that there is no…
Most pupils, if asked, might be expected to have a view about their school and increasingly the value and significance of including pupils' perspectives in matters and decisions which affect them and their lives appears to be gaining recognition. The rationale for, and importance of, including the views and perceptions of those we have described…
The present study compared AIDS knowledge, attitude and sources of information of 1724 students in three different high schools (academic, vocational and religious) in Holon. Forty-two percent of the students are anxious concerning the possibility of AIDS contamination; they expressed a willingness to be tested for HIV and AIDS. Pupils attending the academic school proved to have the highest knowledge concerning AIDS topics; those in the vocational school placed second; and those in the religious school came last. The knowledge increased with age (p < 0.001). Results indicated that misconceptions were still found in a second decade of that epidemic concerning the following areas: etiology, ways of exposure; symptomatology; and prognosis. Their intolerant attitudes reflect social anxiety and vulnerability to AIDS. The most liberal and comprehensive attitudes toward AIDS patients were presented by pupils attending the academic school and after that came pupils from the vocational school, while pupils in the religious school presented the most conservative and intolerant attitudes. The sources of pupils' information primarily included: the media--TV (92.3%): newspapers (87.6%); and school (66.1%) occupied the third place. It is remarkable that physicians and nurses at school and outside clinics were placed in the seventh (and last) place, as only 25.3% mentioned them at all. Only one third of the pupils agreed to participate as volunteers in medical and rehabilitation centers which help AIDS patients. PMID:14528562
Lee, Clare; Johnston-Wilder, Sue
Pupil voice is an emerging force for change and improvement in many UK schools, but what is not fully understood is how best to access pupil voice within the specific context of secondary mathematics departments. This paper presents a research project designed to use pupils as co-researchers in increasing knowledge about how to improve learning in…
Siddiqui, Nadia; Gorard, Stephen; See, Beng Huat
In England, some children have not reached what are considered to be expected levels in literacy and maths by the time they move from primary to secondary school. This is more likely for children living in disadvantaged areas. One proposal to address this is the provision of summer holiday schools for potentially disadvantaged pupils who are…
Governor Jerry Brown has called for a major overhaul of California's school finance policies. His proposal for a weighted pupil funding system would simplify the rules that govern the distribution of funds to schools and school districts, while targeting a larger share of available resources to the schools and students with the greatest needs. In…
Ayanniyi, A A; Mahmoud, O A; Olatunji, F O; Ayanniyi, R O
To report the pattern of ocular trauma among school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria, a cross sectional survey of primary school children in 10 randomly selected primary schools within Ilorin, Nigeria was carried out between July 2005 and January 2006. Relevant ocular history and basic ocular examinations were carried out on the children that were selected from a multi-stage sampling process. Diagnosis of ocular trauma was based on historical recollection together with corroborating ocular signs among affected pupils. Ocular trauma was found among 11 (8 boys and 3 girls) out of 1393 (0.8%) pupils and their ages ranged from 5 to 13 years. The trauma related ocular pathology found among the 11 pupils included unilateral phthisis bulbi (2, 0.14%), couching (1, 0.07%) and retinal detachment (1, 0.07%) all leading to blindness in the affected eyes. There was also a unilateral visual impairment caused by traumatic optic atrophy. Others included eyelid bruises (2, 0.14%) and one pupil (0.07%) each with hyphema, eyelid ecchymosis, eyelid laceration, and subconjunctival haemorrhage. The ocular trauma occurred following unsupervised play (4, 36.40%), corporal punishment at school and at home (3, 27.30%), fight (2, 18.20%), home accident (1, 9.10%) and couching (1, 9.10%). School pupils can lose vision to preventable traumatic eye injuries both at school and at home. Measures to minimize ocular trauma both in the home and at school are advocated. PMID:20175424
Irene Whitney; Peter K. Smith
As part of a survey service developed to assess bullying in schools, anonymous questionnaires were given to over 6,000 pupils in 17 junior\\/middle and seven secondary schools in the Sheffield LEA. The results are analysed in terms of frequencies of being bullied, and bullying others; year differences; gender differences; types of bullying; where bullying occurs; whether teachers and parents are
Wolke, Dieter; Samara, Muthanna M.
Background: The association of bullying victimisation by siblings with a) involvement in bullying at school and b) behaviour problems among lower secondary school children in Israel was investigated. Method: Self-report questionnaires of sibling victimisation, peer bullying experiences and behaviour problems were completed by 921 pupils aged 12-15…
Whitney, Irene; Smith, Peter K.
Over 6,700 junior/middle and secondary pupils in Sheffield, England, reported high rates of bullying, which varied with year, gender, and school location. School size, class size, and ethnic mix were not linked with bullying; social disadvantage was to a small extent. (SK)
Kessler, S.; And Others
Case studies showed that inequality between women and men is a very general feature of the Australian secondary school system. New approaches to the reform of sex inequalities in education are proposed. (RM)
This BULLETIN describes a secondary school at Arnold, Nottinghamshire, designed by the Development Group of the Architects and Building Branch of the Ministry of Education in collaboration with the Local Education Authority. It was the sixth...
Pyhalto, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina; Pietarinen, Janne
Basic education has two main goals: to promote high quality learning outcomes and pupils' personal growth and well-being. The interrelated nature of learning and well-being is here referred to as pedagogical well-being. In this study, we explore Finnish comprehensive school pupils' (N = 518) experienced pedagogical well-being by examining the…
Background Though seen as a convenient method of carrying books and other scholastic materials including food items, schoolbags are believed to contribute to back and other musculoskeletal problems in school going children. This study set out to determine the prevalence of low back and other musculoskeletal pains and describe their relationship with schoolbag use in pupils. Results This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 532 pupils from six primary schools with a mean age of 13.6 years. Analyses included the chi- square test, independent t tests, regression analysis and test for trend across ordered groups. Backpacks were the most common type of schoolbag and younger children carried disproportionately heavier bags. Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils, About 30.8% of the pupils carried schoolbags which were more than 10% of their body weight. About 88.2% of pupils reported having body pain especially in the neck, shoulders and upper back. About 35.4% of the children reported that carrying the schoolbag was the cause of their musculoskeletal pain. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. There was significant association between low back pain and; method of bag carriage (p?0.0001), long duration of walking (odds ratio 2.67, 95% CI 1.38- 5.16) and the time spent sitting after school (p?=?0.02). Only 19% had lockers at school. Conclusion Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils. The majority of pupils complained of musculoskeletal pain of which 35.4% was attributed to the schoolbags. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. Schools need to provide lockers and functional libraries in order to avoid excessive loading and repetitive strain injuries. PMID:24713177
Research in this effort attempted to review evidence of the construct validity of certain measures of intellectual potential for Canadian native pupils, and to examine the relative predictive validity, over a four-year period, of several measures of general intellectual ability for a sample of Metis pupils at Faust, Alberta, and 2 samples of…
Mori, Kazuo; Uchida, Akitoshi
Longitudinal change in the average Z scores for four groups of pupils sorted by quartiles was examined for its stability over three years. The data, collected from 1998 to 2009, was obtained from nine cohorts of Japanese junior high school pupils totaling 1,962 subjects. It showed illusionary declines among the mid-range pupils but improvements…
Boulton, Michael John
Bullying affects a substantial proportion of school pupils, and peer counselling services have been established to help tackle this problem. The present study aimed to further the understanding of why affected pupils do or do not choose to utilise this form of social support. Pupils ("N" = 99, aged 12-16 years) from the UK were asked…
Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.
This six-chapter guide is designed to help Georgia teachers adopt or adapt various options into the local school's science curriculum. Major areas addressed in the chapters are: (1) secondary school curriculum development (focusing on performance objectives, sequencing the curriculum, evaluation, and scientific literacy); (2) teaching methods…
Veugelers, Wiel; Zijlstra, Henk
Faced with government-mandated restructuring, Dutch secondary schools and universities are networking to tackle school and professional development concerns. The collegial network helps teachers interpret and influence government policies, learn from one anothers' experience, tap into external expertise, and develop new educational approaches,…
Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.
The guide is intended to help teachers and administrators evaluate secondary level art programs and establish new programs. Two major sections outline a junior high/middle school program and a senior high school program. Each section includes a brief analysis of the developmental stages of early and maturing adolescents; objectives; a course…
The key aim of the research summarised in this article was to examine pupils' perception of music and to determine whether or not these perceptions were the same for both female and male pupils. The empirical enquiry consisted of the administration of a questionnaire to six secondary schools in the north-east of England followed by semi-structured…
This article outlines some themes that have emerged from research investigating the European dimension in education at three European Schools. It focuses on pupils' perceptions of the conditions in place at these schools that make a significant contribution to the European dimension. Findings are presented on the school environment and community,…
Lasselle, Laurence; Keir, Fraser; Smith, Ian
The Sutton Trust Summer School offers to S5/Year 12 pupils the opportunity to sample student life for a week at one of five selecting universities in the UK. Most of the participants on the Sutton Trust Summer School will be the first generation in their family to attend university and have come from schools which traditionally send low numbers to…
Poutiainen, Hannele; Holopainen, Arja; Hakulinen-Viitanen, Tuovi; Laatikainen, Tiina
Objective: To describe the concerns and modes of action of Finnish school nurses during pupils' health check-ups. Methods: Focus group interviews with 17 school nurses were performed in 2011 and again in 2013. Data were analysed using inductive content analysis. Results: School nurses' concerns were mostly associated with the psychosocial…
Tippeconnic, John W., III
Testing the hypothesis that there is a positive relationship between the degree of teacher humanism in pupil control ideology and the degree of favorable student attitude toward school, classmates, and teachers, comparisons were made relative to public and Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) schools. Derived from 6 public and 7 BIA boarding schools…
Bakx, Anouke; Koopman, Maaike; de Kruijf, Judith; den Brok, Perry
This article reports on results of a study on pupils' perceptions on teacher quality in primary education. Pupils' perceptions of desired characteristics of good teachers in primary education were compared to results of research into teacher quality from different perspectives: (1) perception studies of ideal teaching-and-learning environments;…
Todd, J; Changalucha, J; Ross, D; Mosha, F; Obasi, A; Plummer, M; Balira, R; Grosskurth, H; Mabey, D; Hayes, R
Background/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before the implementation of an innovative sexual health intervention in 58 of the schools. Methods: A cross sectional survey of primary school pupils in rural Tanzania was carried out. The study population comprised pupils registered in years 4 to 6 of 121 primary schools in 20 rural communities in 1998. Basic demographic information was collected from all pupils seen. Those born before 1 January 1985 (aged approximately 14 years and over) were invited to participate in the survey, and asked about their knowledge and attitudes towards sexual health issues, and their sexual experience. A urine specimen was requested and tested for HIV, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and, for females, pregnancy. Results: 9283 pupils born before 1 January 1985 were enrolled and provided demographic information and a urine sample. Male pupils were significantly older than females (mean age 15.5 years v 14.8 years, p<0.001), but all other demographic characteristics were similar between the sexes. 14 (0.2%) of the enrolled pupils (four male and 10 female) were HIV positive, 83 (0.9%) were positive for CT, and 12 (0.1%) for NG. 32 female pupils (0.8%) were positive by pregnancy test. Sexual experience was reported by one fifth of primary school girls, and by almost half of boys. Only 45/114 (39%) girls with biological markers of sexual activity reported having had sex. Conclusions: HIV, CT, NG, and pregnancy were present though at relatively low levels among pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary school. A high proportion of pupils with a biological marker of sexual activity denied ever having had sex. Alternative ways of collecting sensitive data about the sexual behaviour of school pupils should be explored. PMID:14755033
Investigates how 11th graders think with respect to evolution and the development of species. Reports that the pupils have extensive factual knowledge, but have difficulty in relating these facts in coherent descriptions and explanations. (Author/YP)
Charnley, Fiona; Fleming, Paul; Fleming, Margaret; Mill, Greig
The UK Government's Building Schools for the Future programme has provided schools with a unique opportunity to improve education for sustainable development substantially by giving pupils the chance to study within a real-life context. This article documents an engagement project in which experts in low-energy building design are facilitating…
This paper reports on a study which surveyed and interviewed teachers on their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) pupils in school. The outcomes indicated that there was a silencing of diverse sexualities in schools. In theory, teachers had adopted an individual liberal humanitarian…
Fortenberry, Robert N.; Tadlock, James A.
The school effectiveness movement stresses a safe and orderly learning environment for students. Concern for students' and parents' legal rights, coupled with recent criticism of school practices regarding corporal punishment, suspension, and expulsion, has spawned research into theoretical, practical, and legal implications related to pupil…
Smith, Chris M. M.; Sutherland, Margaret J.
In 1996 Her Majesty's Inspectors of schools published a report entitled "Achievement for All" (SOEID, 1996). This report identified a number of key principles governing the organisation of pupils by class, or within class, in Scottish schools and concluded that: The application of these principles does not give rise to one, universally best method…
Abel, J. F.
The rural school project of the continental United States consists in educating over 18 million young people between the ages of 5 and 20 who live in small towns and villages, or in the open country. The 300,000 or more schools classified as rural enrolled nearly 12.5 million pupils in 1920, employed 425,00 teachers, supervisors, and principals,…
Dennison, W. F.
Considers the problems inherent in British secondary school organization, the resistance to change built into the organizational systems, and possible organizational concepts that could serve the same general purposes (curricular oversight and student services) while adapting more successfully to changing needs and conditions. (PGD)
Department of Education and Science, London (England).
Current trends in physical education in secondary schools in England are analysed in relation to the design of indoor physical education facilities. Spaces needed for the study of movement in dance and modern gymnastics are outlined; and the indoor provisions necessary for games, athletics, contests, and swimming are discussed, with comments on…
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.
This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…
Powers, David A.
The author examines frequently-voiced objections to mainstreaming educable mentally retarded (EMR) students at the secondary level. These focus on the inability of school structures and curriculum to adapt to EMR students' special needs. He finds in these objections not a case against mainstreaming, but a case for school change. (SJL)
Allen, Rebecca; West, Anne
This paper explores reasons why secondary schools with a religious character have pupil intakes that are of a higher social background and ability than their secular counterparts. We show that this is especially true across all regions in England once the characteristics of the pupils living in the local neighbourhoods are taken into account. Data…
Maitles, Henry; McKelvie, Erin
This paper reports on and discusses one Scottish secondary school's attempts to develop an understanding of discrimination and prejudice with S1 (Year 7 in England) pupils using a simulation based on a truncated version of Jane Elliott's "Blue Eyes/Brown Eyes" experiment of the 1960s. The research questions were: (1) Did the pupils learn anything…
This paper considers the pupil intakes to Academies in England, and their attainment, based on a re-analysis of figures from the Annual Schools Census 1989-2012, the Department for Education School Performance Tables 2004-2012 and the National Pupil Database. It looks at the national picture, and the situation for Local Education Authorities, and…
Guven, Sibel; Sahin Taskin, Cigdem
This research aims to understand to what extent primary school pupils who stay at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories participate in social science lessons. Data were obtained from pupils staying at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories and attending primary schools in Istanbul and…
Millar, Rob; Shevlin, Mark
This article describes the development and psychometric assessment of a multidimensional, domain-specific Career Locus of Control Scale (CLOC) designed for use with adolescent school pupils engaged in the career development and decision-making process. A 47-item version was administered to 743 school pupils, age 15 or 16 years evenly split between…
Oortwijn, Michiel Bastiaan; Boekaerts, Monique; Vedder, Paul; Fortuin, Janna
In this study we investigated popularity and perceived non-cooperativeness in multiethnic elementary schools. A sample of 94 pupils aged 10-12 years, from five multiethnic elementary schools, were divided into 26 teams and participated in a structured cooperative learning (SCL) curriculum of 11 lessons. Neither teachers nor pupils had prior SCL…
Jacobs, Andrea; Goodman, Joyce
This article adopts a Bourdieusian and gendered frame of analysis to examine how the aesthetic education increasingly extended to the "ordinary" pupil in English girls' secondary schools during the interwar period, and the music curriculum in particular, related to the reproduction of culture, class and gender for secondary schoolgirls. In a…
Lesar, Irena; Cuk, Ivan; Pecek, Mojca
When looking for answers to the question of academic (non)achievement of regular pupils and pupils with special needs, it is necessary to take into account the extraordinary complexity of factors, ranging from psychological across instructional to home environment variables. The academic achievement is not only a reflection of the pupil's…
Evans, A. B.; Bright, J. L.; Brown, L. J.
Frequently an unquestioned belief is held in British schools in the value of "normalized" ability in physical education (PE). Consequently inclusion of disabled students can be problematic. Negative perceptions of disability are rarely challenged. This study investigated the embodied experiences of 49 non-disabled secondary school pupils…
Constantino, Steven M.
The challenges to engaging families in secondary schools can be daunting. Although family engagement in schools improves the academic achievement of students, families of students in secondary schools have fewer, not more, conversations about school, and families and teachers communicate much less frequently than in elementary years. A survey that…
S. Ruggiero; A. Cartelli; F. Duprè; M. Vicentini-Missoni
The research reports an investigation concerned with schemes of commonsense knowledge connecting the three elements weight, air and gravity to the phenomenon of free fall. Inferences about the mental representations of Italian middle school pupils (12?13 years of age) have been gathered by interviewing a sample of 40 children, using a number of different questions and searching for the possible
Day, Christopher; Sammons, Pam; Hopkins, David; Leithwood, Kenneth; Kington, Alison
This paper extends the introduction to the authors' study of successful school leadership and how it influences pupil outcomes begun in the Editorial introduction. Critical to an appreciation especially of the external validity of their results is an understanding of the policy context in which the English leaders in their study found themselves;…
Kaldi, Stavroula; Filippatou, Diamanto; Govaris, Christos
This study focuses upon the effectiveness of project-based learning on primary school pupils regarding their content knowledge and attitudes towards self-efficacy, task value, group work, teaching methods applied and peers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. A cross-curricular project was implemented within the curriculum area of environmental…
McKenna, Bernard H.
The emerging educational tasks of developing in pupils interpersonal attitudes and behaviors are not being accomplished by such technological devices as computer instruction and educational television and such school organizational patterns as team teaching and nongraded plans because they mainly offer ways for promoting current learning task…
Watson, Jane; Beswick, Kim
This paper reports on the evaluation of a six-day programme that provided professional learning to middle school teachers with the aim of equipping them to assist their pupils to achieve improved numeracy outcomes. A teacher profiling instrument designed to measure varied aspects of teachers' knowledge for teaching mathematics was administered to…
J Todd; J Changalucha; D A Ross; F Mosha; A I N Obasi; M Plummer; R Balira; H Grosskurth; D C W Mabey; R Hayes
Background\\/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before
Boman, Eva; Enmarker, Ingela
This article reports two studies intended to develop and assess conceptual models of how different factors mediate and moderate the annoyance reaction in school environments. In the first, a survey of 207 pupils was conducted where assumptions about mediators and moderators were formulated and tested. In the best model, general sensitivity and…
Keehner, Lorraine H.
This bibliography lists a variety of articles, books, and other publications related to the general topic of pupil transportation. Many of the publications listed were developed by individual school systems or by state departments of education. Citations are organized in nine topical sections that focus on bus drivers, transportation finances,…
This article assesses the extent to which indigenous grants administered to school pupils and university students in Chile can be considered affirmative action towards social justice. Drawing on Fraser's framework for parity of participation, I question whether the grants are able to provide both redistribution and recognition for indigenous…
Mutisya, Sammy M.; Barker, Miles
This study was carried out with 276 standard eight pupils in eleven primary schools in the rural town of Narok in Kenya's Rift Valley. It evaluated their awareness of key environmental issues in their local area and their knowledge about the causes, effects and solutions pertaining to these environmental issues. A descriptive research design was…
Smith, Mary; Tett, Lyn
A study examined the potential role of Scotland's New Community Schools (NCS) program in dealing with pupils with social, emotional, and behavioral difficulties (SEBD). Interviews with 15 parents of children with SEBD found common experiences of poor coordination of services and nonproductive engagement with professionals. NCS could promote…
Matteucci, Maria Cristina; Tomasetto, Carlo; Selleri, Patrizia; Carugati, Felice
Achievement evaluation in school contexts may be considered as a kind of social judgment, which is affected by social and moral determinants since it is not merely an estimation of pupils' accomplishment (Dompnier, Pansu, & Bressoux, 2006; Weiner, 2003). Teachers' judgments have been investigated starting from the analysis of two theoretical…
Tierney, Daniel; Gallastegi, Lore
This article considers the attitudes of pupils aged 9-11 years in Scotland towards their learning of a foreign language in primary school. It also considers their perception of difficulty, what they tell us causes them difficulty, their language preferences and the reasons for these. The article identifies any significant differences between boys…
Gasior, Albert G.; And Others
The study was designed to develop a model for the collection and analysis of cost data for defining the cost per pupil per program per type of school (area vocational or comprehensive). An advisory committee of New Jersey State Department of Education personnel and vocational educators was selected to provide unbiased input. The selected programs…
Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Center for Fiscal and Shared Services.
This handbook is a compilation of fiscal procedures and instructions to assist Illinois local education agencies in claiming reimbursement for special education services for the 1998-99 school year. It contains: (1) general instructions for completing the Special Education Pupil Reimbursement form; (2) instructions for filling out sections…
Language learning strategy research has focused on the actions of the individual language learner and investigated the links between successful learning and the strategies that such learners use. At the same time, researchers studying beginner bilingual pupils learning English and learning to read in English in UK schools have also been interested…
Chemistry is an important subject due to understanding the composition and structure of the things around us. The main aim of the study was to find out the perception of chemistry by lower secondary school pupils. The partial aims were to find out the influence of gender, year of study and favorite subject on the perception of chemistry. The…
Lohman, Maurice A.
Evaluated is an extended school day program initiated with Elementary and Secondary Education Act, Title I, funds. To alleviate learning difficulties faced by disadvantaged children in the classroom, this after school program provided additional teacher time, attention, and instruction. The program offered tutorial services in reading and…
Keskin-Samanci, Nilay; Özer-Keskin, Melike; Arslan, Orhan
This study has led to the development of the "Bioethical Values Inventory" that can be used to reveal secondary school students' ethical values in decisions that they make during ethical debates regarding the application of biological sciences. An original inventory development model was used, consisting of four steps and involving…
Pirrie, Anne; Macleod, Gale; Cullen, Mairi Ann; McCluskey, Gillean
There is widespread consensus in the research and policy-related literature over the last decade that young people who have been permanently excluded from school are at a far greater risk of a variety of negative outcomes than young people who have not had this experience. These negative outcomes include prolonged periods out of education and/or…
Bimbola, Oludipe; Daniel, Oludipe I.
Integrated science plays vital role in Nigerian science education programme because it prepares pupils at the Junior Secondary School level for the study of core science subjects at the Senior Secondary School level which in turn brings about students' interest in science oriented courses at the tertiary institutions. Despite government's efforts…
Inglis, Gillian H.
As curricular development in Scotland espoused the importance of pupil participation, the extent to which this has been embedded across teachers' pedagogy into assessment and reporting practices warranted investigation. This article reports a mixed-methods study with parents, pupils and teachers from three Scottish primary schools that…
FISCH, ADELE; JUSTMAN, JOSEPH
THIS STATISTICAL REPORT PRESENTS DATA ON THE ETHNIC COMPOSTION OF PUPILS IN NEW YORK CITY PUBLIC SCHOOLS. THE ETHNIC GROUPS IN THE CLASSIFICATION ARE "NEGROES,""PUERTO RICANS," AND "OTHERS." THE ETHNIC COMPOSITION FIGURES AND CHANGES IN PUPIL REGISTERS ARE PRESENTED IN TABULAR FORM FOR EACH BOROUGH AND FOR THE CITY AS A WHOLE. DATA ARE FURTHER…
Hussain, Shakir; Lindh, Jorgen; Shukur, Ghazi
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of one year of regular "LEGO" training on pupils' performances in schools. The underlying pedagogical perspective is the constructivist theory, where the main idea is that knowledge is constructed in the mind of the pupil by active learning. The investigation has been made in two steps. The…
Gary D. Kinchin; Ann Macphail; Deirdre Ni Chroinin
Background: While there is considerable literature on Sport Education, little attention has been afforded to an investigation into the use of a specific festival as a culmination to a season.Aims: The purpose of this paper is to examine primary school pupils' and teachers' perceptions of an inter-school festival.Methods: Pupils from eight classes in four Irish primary schools participated in a
Ensaff, H; Canavon, C; Crawford, R; Barker, M E
This study explored the impact of a school-based kitchen project at a large inner London school. Timetabled kitchen classroom sessions (90 min every fortnight) were held with all 7-9 year old pupils. Semi-structured focus group discussions (with 76 pupils, 16 parents) and interviews (with headteachers, catering managers and specialist staff) were conducted at the intervention school and a matched control school. Categories and concepts were derived using a grounded theory approach. Data analysis provided three main categories each with their related concepts: Pupil factors (enthusiasm and enjoyment of cooking, trying new foods, food knowledge and awareness, producing something tangible); School factors (learning and curriculum links, resource implications and external pressures) and Home factors (take home effects, confidence in cooking and self-esteem, parents' difficulties cooking at home with children). Children's engagement and the opportunity to cook supported increased food awareness, skills and food confidence. In the grounded theory that emerged, take home effects beyond the school gate dominate, as children act as agents of change and influence cooking and food choice at home. These short term outcomes have the potential to lead to longer term outcomes including changing eating behaviour and diet. PMID:26254277
Devonshire, Ian M.; Davis, Jenny; Fairweather, Sophie; Highfield, Lauren; Thaker, Chandni; Walsh, Ashleigh; Wilson, Rachel; Hathway, Gareth J.
Risk heightens motivation and, if used appropriately, may have the potential to improve engagement in the classroom. We have developed a risk-based learning game for school pupils in order to test whether such learning games can improve later recall of information. The study was performed during a series of public engagement workshops delivered by undergraduate students. Undergraduate neuroscience students delivered 90-minute science workshops to 9–10 year old school pupils (n?=?448) that were divided into ‘Risk’, ‘No risk’ and ‘Control’ classes. ‘Risk’ classes received periodic multiple-choice questions (MCQs) during the workshops which required small teams of pupils to assign tokens to the answer(s) they believed to be correct. Tokens assigned to the correct answer were returned to the group and an equal number given back as a prize; tokens assigned to incorrect answers were lost. Participation was incentivised by the promise of a brain-related prize to the team with the most tokens at the end of the workshop. ‘No risk’ classes received MCQs without the risk component whilst the ‘Control’ classes received no MCQs. When presented with a neuroscience quiz based on workshop content at the end of the workshop, pupils in the ‘Risk’ classes exhibited significantly greater recall of information one week later. Quiz scores were higher than scores from the day of the workshop which suggested pupils may have discussed the workshop content outside of the classroom, thereby increasing knowledge over and above what was learned during the workshop. This is supported by feedback from pupils in ‘Risk’ classes which indicated that ‘Risk’ workshops were more interesting than ‘No risk’ and ‘Control’ workshops. These data suggest that there is a role for risk in the classroom but further investigations are required to elucidate the causal mechanisms of improved retention of information. PMID:25072799
Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Jamal Hisham; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Bloom, Erica; Larsson, Lennart; Lampa, Erik; Norbäck, Dan
While there is a large variation of prevalence of asthma symptoms worldwide, what we do know is that it is on the rise in developing countries. However, there are few studies on allergens, moulds and mycotoxin exposure in schools in tropical countries. The aims were to measure selected fungal DNA, furry pet allergens and mycotoxins in dust samples from schools in Malaysia and to study associations with pupils' respiratory health effects. Eight secondary schools and 32 classrooms in Johor Bahru, Malaysia were randomly selected. A questionnaire with standardized questions was used for health assessment in 15 randomly selected pupils from each class. The school buildings were inspected and both indoor and outdoor climate were measured. Dust samples were collected by cotton swabs and Petri dishes for fungal DNA, mycotoxins and allergens analysis. The participation rate was 96% (462/480 invited pupils), with a mean age of 14 yr (range 14-16). The pupils mostly reported daytime breathlessness (41%), parental asthma or allergy (22%), pollen or pet allergy (21%) and doctor-diagnosed asthma (13%) but rarely reported night-time breathlessness (7%), asthma in the last 12 months (3%), medication for asthma (4%) or smoking (5%). The inspection showed that no school had any mechanical ventilation system, but all classrooms had openable windows that were kept open during lectures. The mean building age was 16 yr (range 3-40) and the mean indoor and outdoor CO(2) levels were 492 ppm and 408 ppm, respectively. The mean values of indoor and outdoor temperature and relative humidity were the same, 29°C and 70% respectively. In cotton swab dust samples, the Geometric Mean (GM) value for total fungal DNA and Aspergillus/Penicillium (Asp/Pen) DNA in swab samples (Cell Equivalents (CE)/m(2)) was 5.7*10(8) and 0.5*10(8), respectively. The arithmetic mean (CE/m(2)) for Aspergillus versicolor DNA was 8780, Stachybotrys chartarum DNA was 26 and Streptomyces DNA was 893. The arithmetic means (pg/m(2)) for the mycotoxins sterigmatocystin and verrucarol were 2547 and 17, respectively. In Petri dish dust samples, the GM value for total fungal DNA and Asp/Pen DNA (CE/m(2) per day) was 9.2*10(6) and 1.6*10(6), respectively. The arithmetic mean (CE/m(2) per day) for A. versicolor DNA was 1478, S. chartarum DNA was 105 and Streptomyces DNA was 1271, respectively. The GM value for cat (Fel d1) allergen was 5.9 ng/m(2) per day. There were positive associations between A. versicolor DNA, wheeze and daytime breathlessness and between Streptomyces DNA and doctor-diagnosed asthma. However, the associations were inverse between S. chartarum DNA and daytime breathlessness and between verrucarol and daytime breathlessness. In conclusion, fungal DNA and cat allergen contamination were common in schools from Malaysia and there was a high prevalence of respiratory symptoms among pupils. Moreover, there were associations between levels of some fungal DNA and reported respiratory health in the pupils. PMID:21457336
Gaubatz, Julie A.
Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders…
Broyles, India L.
The Teachers for Secondary Schools Program (TSSP) is a one-year, intensive program for the preparation and certification of secondary school teachers. The program is inquiry-oriented, utilizing clinical training schools for program planning and delivery continuously during the year. Preservice interns from the University of Southern Maine are…
Nakpodia, E. D.
This paper examined the usefulness of record management in Nigerian Secondary Schools. Record keeping is one of the administrative principles in secondary school administration and it cannot be overemphasized in any organisation. The continuity of any school organisation depends on availability of useful records of past activities. In a complex…
Crossman, Alf; Harris, Penelope
Low job satisfaction has been cited as a possible cause of the current teaching crisis in the UK. This article reports on a study that examined job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in different types of secondary school. The results indicate a significant difference in the overall job satisfaction scores of teachers by type of school.…
The self-esteem of pupils has long been regarded as a key variable affecting both pupils' learning and behaviour, although the relationship between the two may not be as strong as many in education have always assumed. In this article, Jeremy Swinson, an educational psychologist and honorary lecturer in educational psychology at Liverpool John…
Mortimore, Peter; And Others
A large-scale longitudinal study of the progress of elementary school students, focusing on effects of school membership upon cognitive outcomes, attainment in verbal abilities, and noncognitive outcomes such as attendance, attitudes, behavior, and self-concept, found that school membership is far more influential in these areas than are…
Describes a survey on how school cleaning is carried out in 103 countries throughout the world. Based on a comparative analysis of the collected data, the countries are classified into three types: 1) janitorial type, where janitors, or special cleansing personnel, clean the school, 2) janitor-pupillary type, where janitors do the school cleaning…
...2011-10-01 false Elementary and secondary schools. 7.8 Section...Programs-General § 7.8 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...with respect to any elementary or secondary school or school system...
...2010-10-01 false Elementary and secondary schools. 7.8 Section...Programs-General § 7.8 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...with respect to any elementary or secondary school or school system...
Describes Irish secondary science and discusses the management of science in schools. Identifies two key features of Irish school science, the collegiate nature of science departments and the difficulties in carrying out practical work. (MM)
Vaz, Sharmila; Falkmer, Marita; Ciccarelli, Marina; Passmore, Anne; Parsons, Richard; Black, Melissa; Cuomo, Belinda; Tan, Tele; Falkmer, Torbjörn
It is unknown if, and how, students redefine their sense of school belongingness after negotiating the transition to secondary school. The current study used longitudinal data from 266 students with, and without, disabilities who negotiated the transition from 52 primary schools to 152 secondary schools. The study presents the 13 most significant personal student and contextual factors associated with belongingness in the first year of secondary school. Student perception of school belongingness was found to be stable across the transition. No variability in school belongingness due to gender, disability or household-socio-economic status (SES) was noted. Primary school belongingness accounted for 22% of the variability in secondary school belongingness. Several personal student factors (competence, coping skills) and school factors (low-level classroom task-goal orientation), which influenced belongingness in primary school, continued to influence belongingness in secondary school. In secondary school, effort-goal orientation of the student and perception of their school’s tolerance to disability were each associated with perception of school belongingness. Family factors did not influence belongingness in secondary school. Findings of the current study highlight the need for primary schools to foster belongingness among their students at an early age, and transfer students’ belongingness profiles as part of the hand-over documentation. Most of the factors that influenced school belongingness before and after the transition to secondary are amenable to change. PMID:26372554
Dart, Gareth; Nkanotsang, Tiroyaone; Chizwe, Ose; Kowa, Lily
Pupils with albinism potentially face a number of challenges in accessing quality education in schools in Botswana. Physical issues such as poor eyesight related to the condition and the problems of sensitive skin in such a dry and warm climate are both contributing factors to making learning problematic for some pupils. This study by Gareth Dart…
This article, created by L.W. Gates of Gillingham Technical High School, describes complete instructions for two probability experiments targeting middle school aged students. The author states, "Probability theory is taught as part of the normal curriculum in most secondary schools, but it is not usually possible, due to shortage of time, lack of equipment, or teacher reluctance to perform probability experiments." This lesson attempts to alleviate these issues in a secondary school setting.
Abiodun, Adedeji G.; Egwu, Michael O.; Adedoyin, Rufus A.
Purpose. This study investigated the anthropometric indices associated with variations in cardiovascular parameters among primary school pupils in Ile-Ife. Method. One thousand and twenty-six pupils (age range 6–14 years, mean age 10.12 years) from ten schools were recruited with parents' informed consent. Anthropometric (Height (Ht), Weight (Wt), Abdominal Circumference (AC)) and cardiovascular (Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Heart Rate (HR)) parameters were measured using standard instruments and procedures. Blood pressure (BP) was measured after ten minutes of quiet sitting. Body Mass Index (BMI), Rate Pressure Product (RPP) and Pulse Pressure (PP) were estimated. Results. Age, Ht, Wt, BMI, and AC correlated significantly (P < .01) with BP and PP. AC and BMI were predictors of BP, HR, RPP, and PP. Conclusion. Significant correlations exist between age, Ht, Wt, BMI, AC, and BP with weight being a more viable predictor of SBP and age a more viable predictor of DBP. PMID:21747972
Cline, Tony; de Abreu, Guida; Fihosy, Cornelius; Gray, Hilary; Lambert, Hannah; Neale, Jo
This study investigated the situation of ethnic minority students in predominantly white British schools, highlighting factors affecting their educational achievement and examining the perspectives of ethnic minority students and their parents and teachers. Surveys of the performance of over 34,000 students in predominantly white schools in 35…
National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.
This memorandum discusses the major legal issues related to the confidentiality of students' school records, stressing in particular the requirements of the Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. Major provisions of the act are summarized, and guidelines are offered to aid school officials in complying with the act's requirements. Separate…
Swetz, Frank, Ed.; Hartzler, J. S., Ed.
Over the past 10 years, national conferences and committees investigating the state of American mathematics education have advocated an increased emphasis on problem solving and mathematical modeling situations in the secondary school curriculum. However, little effort has been made to prepare secondary school teachers to use mathematical modeling…
This paper explores religious adolescents' reported experiences of secondary schools. Fifty-four qualitative interviews were conducted in places of worship in three cities in England with Christians (n = 46), Jews (n = 38) and Muslims (n = 15). Secondary schools of a religious and non-religious character were reported as not providing a suitable…
Walingo, Mary K.; Musamali, Betty
Objective: To compare nutrient intake and indicators of nutritional status of western Kenyan pupil participants and nonparticipants of a parent-supported school lunch program. Design: Pupils and their caregivers were interviewed to assess their 24-hour dietary intake and the socioeconomic status of the family. Pupils' weights and heights were…
Doubt, Lorna; McColl, Mary Ann
A phenomenological study of seven teenagers with physical disabilities attending a regular secondary school focused on social integration and the factors influencing it. Results showed extrinsic and intrinsic factors that facilitate or limit integration. Occupational therapists can ensure that schools are inclusive and that clients are capable of…
Perkins and Will, Architects, Chicago, IL.
THE PROGRAM FOR A JUNIOR-SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL FACILITY REQUIRED A ONE-STORY BUILDING FOR 1000 PUPILS WITH THE POTENTIAL FOR ACCOMMODATING AN INCREASE OF 200 PUPILS. EMPHASIS WAS TO BE PLACED ON--(1) SHARED SPACES, WHICH WOULD OFFER EVERY GRADE LEVEL COMPLETE PHYSICAL EDUCATION, AUDITORIUM, SCIENCE, ARTS, AND LIBRARY FACILITIES, (2) SEPARATION OF…
Turner, Sarah; Ireson, Gren; Twidle, John
The poor attitude of pupils towards science continues to be a topic of concern within secondary schools. This article considers research and highlights what we can learn as teachers to persevere in tackling the problem. Alongside this review, a case study was undertaken with a sample of year 7 pupils (ages 11-12) in English schools who reported…
Gazeley, Louise; Dunne, Máiréad
Exclusion from school is a disciplinary sanction used in English schools to manage behaviour by limiting a young person's attendance at school and the over-representation of Black pupils in national exclusions statistics has been a long-standing cause of concern. This paper reports on the findings of a small-scale, qualitative study that…
Larsen, R. A.
Designed to assist pupil transportation supervisors, safety instructors, school bus drivers, curriculum writers, teachers, and others who have some type of responsibility for school bus safety, this suggestion-type booklet provides practical tips for educating student school bus riders. The items covered are (1) going to the bus stop; (2) at the…
A qualitative research project was carried out in order to explore the views of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) and mainstream school staff regarding the process of re-integration of secondary school age pupils from the PRU to mainstream school. The views of 11 PRU staff members, six mainstream staff members and a member of the Behaviour Support Service…
This article discusses understandings of girls confronting sexism in a Swedish multiethnic urban school. The empirical study includes school observations, conversations and formal group interviews with 15-16-year-old pupils from seven classes in four schools. The article provides an analysis of one of the schools, where the fieldwork showed gender…
Social cohesion in school is reflected in social discrimination processes and the complementary social roles of teachers, pupils, other staff and pupils' relatives. School social cohesion varies in level from high, characterised by prosocial interactions, to low, characterised by antisocial or violent interactions. Antisocial behaviour is usually…
Nyikana, H. K.
The study examined the phenomenon of repeaters as a part of wastage via a review of the literature on the subject and a 5-year study (1977-81) of primary schools in Ciskei. The literature revealed that the impact of repeaters on educational system manifests itself in different ways, i.e., large classes, high drop-out rate, the demoralizing effect…
Travellers with their distinctive cultures and lifestyles have been part of Scotland for centuries. The two main groups are the traditional Travelling People (Gypsies) and the Showground Community. Mobility and migration patterns have implications for Traveller children's education and for schools. Scottish national surveys show Travellers…
Marie-Alsana, Wisam; Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M.; Greenbaum, Charles W.
This article examines the prevalence of violence in primary schools attended by Arab children in Israel and the relationship between such exposure and violent behavior among these children. Participants are 388 Arab children (aged 10 to 12 years) living in three localities in Israel. The research focuses on three of the child's roles in relation…
Endepohls-Ulpe, Martina; Ruf, Heike
Which are the characteristics leading teachers to judge a child as "gifted"? To answer this question 384 German primary school teachers were asked to describe a gifted child in their own words as well as on a 90 item rating scale. A total of 192 teachers, who declared they had never instructed a gifted child, described a fictitious child; the…
In this paper, I examine the teaching of language and culture and in particular the use of songs as curriculum in two London Turkish complementary schools. Drawing on a series of interconnected classroom vignettes, I look at how children weave together their semiotic resources to negotiate and transform two songs and the talk and action around…
Riglin, Lucy; Frederickson, Norah; Shelton, Katherine H; Rice, Frances
This longitudinal study of adolescents in the first year of secondary school, examined the relationship between psychological functioning at the beginning of year 7 (mean age 11.25 years) with attainment at the end of year 7 (mean age 11.78 years). Depressive symptoms, school liking and conduct problems predicted lower attainment across time having controlled for the temporal stability in psychological functioning and attainment. School concerns predicted lower attainment for boys only, and the effects of depressive symptoms on later attainment were significantly stronger for boys compared to girls. School liking - and school concerns for boys - remained significant predictors of attainment when controlling for conduct problems. The transition to secondary school may represent a window of opportunity for developing interventions aimed at improving both pupil psychological functioning and attainment. PMID:23582980
A serious problem in Botswana is the large number of girls and young women who drop out of school. Just over half of the female population attends secondary schools, and the percentage of school-enrolled females has fallen in recent years. Few researchers have studied the dropout problem in Botswana. Twenty-four individuals selected for this study…
Za?tseva, B P; Kondrat'eva, I I
The authors provide data obtained in the course of studying energy expenditures in choreographic students of the city of Perm depending on age and sex. Present scientifically validated food and energy requirements with regard to which approximate daily sets of foods and weekly diets for different age groups with regard to sex have been developed. It has been established that these diets tried during school year at the Perm choreographic college exert a beneficial effect on the students. PMID:2932853
Saaristo, Vesa; Kulmala, Jenni; Raisamo, Susanna; Rimpelä, Arja; Ståhl, Timo
Finnish national data sets on schools (N = 496) and pupils (N = 74,143; 14-16 years) were used to study whether a systematic documenting policy for the violations of school smoking bans was associated with pupils' smoking and their perceptions on the enforcement of smoking bans. Attending a school with a systematic documenting policy was…
Toplis, Rob; Cleaves, Anna
This paper reports research about upper secondary school pupils' views about science investigations in school. Although researchers, teachers and examiners have expressed opinions about investigative work in science, there have been relatively few studies of pupils' experiences. The present study identified pupils' concerns about the limited time available, timing of the investigations, lack of familiarity with apparatus and the association of investigation almost exclusively with assessment, all factors which contributed to stress. One exceptional school apart, pupils perceived the teacher's role as a didactic supporter of strategies to maximise performance for assessment. We discuss these views and examine the potential for putting policy into practice.
Abaya, Joel Ondieki
The most successful school leaders are those who have been able to transform their schools into centers of deep and ongoing learning by managing relationships (Kaser & Halbert, 2009). Consequently, strong levels of trust are preconditions for successful school improvement initiative. Research confirms that no cooperation strategy works in high…
Marie-Alsana, Wisam; Haj-Yahia, Muhammad M; Greenbaum, Charles W
This article examines the prevalence of violence in primary schools attended by Arab children in Israel and the relationship between such exposure and violent behavior among these children. Participants are 388 Arab children (aged 10 to 12 years) living in three localities in Israel. The research focuses on three of the child's roles in relation to violence: witness, victim, and perpetrator. An adapted Arabic translation of the Violence Exposure Scale-Revised is administered to children in group settings. The children report more exposure to moderate levels than to severe levels of violence. Boys are exposed to more violence as victims, and witness and perpetrate more violence than girls do. Multiple regression analysis shows that the experience of being a victim predicts violent behavior in the children, above the effects of age and gender. The limitations of the study and its implications for future research and theory development are discussed. PMID:16399924
Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Rizvi, Syed; Al-Jabri, Abdullah; Almamari, Sufyan; Al-Baluki, Wafaa
Research about bullying among school pupils in the Arab/Muslim population is scarce. This study evaluates the characteristics of bullying and its impact among school pupils in Oman via cross-sectional survey among eighth grade school pupils (n = 1,229) during the academic year 2006-2007. The participants were selected using stratified random selection among 6 administrative divisions of one the governorates in the country. Data were collected using self-completed structured questionnaires. This study found similar percentages of males and females (76%) have experienced one form of bullying, and the majority of the incidents (80%) occurred in the vicinity of the school. In almost half of the cases, the bullying was initiated by a student of the same age or older than the victim. The most common type of bullying encountered in this study was verbal (47.7%), followed by misuse (45.9%), physical (43.9%), and, finally, social isolation/exclusion (22.5%). Although the failure of an academic year was uncommon among victims of bullying, the number of pupils who missed 4–6 and ?7 school days was higher among bullied pupils. If this study will withstand further research, educational initiatives are needed to mitigate the rate of bullying in Oman. PMID:25541623
Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Farsi, Yahya M; Rizvi, Syed; Al-Sharbati, Marwan; Al-Jabri, Abdullah; Almamari, Sufyan; Al-Baluki, Wafaa; Al-Adawi, Samir
Research about bullying among school pupils in the Arab/Muslim population is scarce. This study evaluates the characteristics of bullying and its impact among school pupils in Oman via cross-sectional survey among eighth grade school pupils (n = 1,229) during the academic year 2006-2007. The participants were selected using stratified random selection among 6 administrative divisions of one the governorates in the country. Data were collected using self-completed structured questionnaires. This study found similar percentages of males and females (76%) have experienced one form of bullying, and the majority of the incidents (80%) occurred in the vicinity of the school. In almost half of the cases, the bullying was initiated by a student of the same age or older than the victim. The most common type of bullying encountered in this study was verbal (47.7%), followed by misuse (45.9%), physical (43.9%), and, finally, social isolation/exclusion (22.5%). Although the failure of an academic year was uncommon among victims of bullying, the number of pupils who missed 4-6 and ? 7 school days was higher among bullied pupils. If this study will withstand further research, educational initiatives are needed to mitigate the rate of bullying in Oman. PMID:25541623
... ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...school that provides secondary education, as determined under State...that it does not include any education beyond grade 12. (Authority: 20...
... ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...school that provides secondary education, as determined under State...that it does not include any education beyond grade 12. (Authority: 20...
... ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES...school that provides secondary education, as determined under State...that it does not include any education beyond grade 12. (Authority: 20...
Discusses an experimental curriculum project in Hungary that introduces quantum mechanics into the secondary school. Briefly covers the following topics: superposition and intensity of waves, de Broglie wavelength, the uncertainty principle, ground states, quantum numbers, and symmetry. (MLH)
Petermann, Franz; Natzke, Heike
This pilot study evaluated the preliminary short- and middle-term impact of a nation-wide, school-based prevention initiative on antisocial behaviour of preschool and primary school pupils in Luxembourg. Seventeen preschool and reception classes (n = 183) were assigned to intervention and comparison conditions. The intervention included…
Uitto, Anna; Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Meisalo, Veijo
How to make learning more interesting is a basic challenge for school education. In this Finnish study, the international ROSE questionnaire was used to survey, during spring of 2003, the relationship between interest in biology and out-of-school experiences for 3626 ninth-grade pupils. Interest and experience factors were extracted by using the…
The empirical investigation in this paper develops the perspective of media in education by focusing on how the use of film in education stimulates the production of cultural, societal and social values and norms in school when pupils talk about "the police" in school cinema activities in Sweden. "Police" is regarded as a…
Emam, Mahmoud Mohamed
The number of pupils with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who join mainstream schools in the UK has been increasing over the last decade. Given the difficulties in social and emotional understanding which these children have, their inclusion in schools is likely to be challenging. Their ASD-related manifestations, moreover, tend to allow for…
Kastner, Sheldon B.
This report is an evaluation of a New York City school district educational project funded under Title I of the Elementary and Secondary Act of 1965. The major objective of the program was to increase student competency in math computational skills. Approximately 3,000 high school students in grades 9 through 11 from 32 high schools were selected…
A study documenting and describing dialogue journal writing in a group of nine tenth graders in an Australian secondary school English class is reported. The overall purpose was to understand the nature of dialogue journal writing and to assess its value as a suitable mode of encouraging writing among secondary students. Specific aspects of…
Cherednichenko, G. A.
This article discusses the personal plans of secondary school seniors. The author discusses the research projects concerning problems of young people's orientation and choice of profession. Furthermore, the author examines the role played by objective and subjective factors in the shaping of the personal plans of senior students in secondary…
Zenk, Shannon N; Powell, Lisa M
We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805 m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the lowest-income versus the highest-income neighborhoods have more fast food restaurants and convenience stores, while schools in African-American versus White neighborhoods generally have fewer food outlets. Furthermore, urban neighborhoods with a high school versus no secondary school have more food outlets. Curbing the obesity epidemic among adolescents requires addressing the food environment surrounding schools. PMID:17881277
Müürsepp, Mare; Kikkull, Andry
The aim of the study is to clear the significance of craft skills for the pupils in age nine and twelve years. More than 200 pupils were asked to define, what are the most important skills for the pupils of their age. The results bring out that category of the skills related to craft subject is of the most presented categories in pupils' self…
Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Directorate for Scientific Affairs.
The 1959 Royaumont seminar "New Thinking in School Mathematics," having agreed on the need for modernization, recommended that a second group of experts work out detailed synopses of the entire subject matter of secondary school mathematics. This book is the report of the second seminar and contains the Dubrovnik Program which stimulated much…
Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.
A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…
The transfer to secondary education can be an anxious time and planning ahead can help. This article offers practical advice about what to consider, when to start planning and discusses many of the issues involved in the transition to later schooling. Written from the perspective of the English school system, many of the issues and principles are…
This paper presents the results of an analysis of the admissions criteria used by the first two waves of secondary Free Schools in England. The type of criteria and their ranked order is explored and their potential impact on the school composition is considered. The findings demonstrate the diversity of criteria being used by this new type of…
Levine, Elinor; Thompson, Donald
This document presents a model curriculum for secondary school counselor education programs at the Master's level. Brief descriptions of data collection methods and development of the model program are given. The framework of the program is outlined including the core required courses: Introduction to School Counseling, Counseling Theory and…
Hesketh, Anthony J.; Knight, Peter T.
Examines the 1996 prospectuses of secondary schools, whose 1991 prospectuses were reviewed in earlier research, in order to consider the ways in which schools present themselves in the educational market place. Shows that the business of marketing through prospectuses is taken seriously and can be modeled using game theories. (DSK)
Marsh (Reginald E.) and Associates, New York, NY.
THE DESIGN OF THIS ECONOMICALLY PLANNED SCHOOL IS DEVELOPED TO SUIT A GENERALIZED SET OF AREA CHARACTERISTICS. PHYSICAL SEPARATION OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR PUPILS IS EFFECTED THROUGH USE OF THE "SCHOOLS-WITHIN-A-SCHOOL" PLAN. PROVISIONS FOR ADOPTION OF--(1) TEAM TEACHING, (2) MACHINE TEACHING, (3) EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION, AND (4) AURAL-ORAL LANGUAGE…
O'Connell, William P.
The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…
Oladepo, O; Akintayo, T
The success of any sexuality education programme in the school is directly related to the expertise of teachers and their willingness to provide instructions. This study assesses the knowledge of human sexuality education among 351 secondary school teachers in Ibadan, Nigeria, and their attitude towards inclusion of sex education in the schools' curriculum. Results revealed that none of the respondents was able to define sex education adequately and 34.8% could not identify content areas of sex education for inclusion in the schools' curriculum. Surprisingly, married female teachers and those aged 40 years and above were less favourably disposed to the introduction of sex education in schools. PMID:1791594
The problem of school bullying among Greek primary and secondary school children was investigated by using a translated version of the Olweus Questionnaire with a total of 1,758 students, mainly aged 10-14, from 20 schools in the greater Thessaloniki area. Overall, 8.2 percent of all students were victims, 5.8 percent were bullies and 1.1 percent…
van Aalsvoort, Joke
Secondary school chemical education has a problem: namely, the seeming irrelevance to the pupils of chemistry. Chemical education prepares pupils for participation in society. Therefore, it must imply a model of society, of chemistry, and of the relation between them. In this article it is hypothesized that logical positivism currently offers this model. Logical positivism is a philosophy of science that creates a divide between science and society. It is therefore further hypothesized that the adoption of logical positivism causes chemistry's lack of relevance in chemical education. Both hypotheses could be confirmed by an analysis of a grade nine course.
Norbäck, Dan; Markowicz, Pawel; Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Zheng, Yi-Wu; Lai, Xu-Xin; Spangfort, Michael Dho; Larsson, Lennart; Hashim, Jamal Hisham
There are few studies on associations between respiratory health and allergens, fungal and bacterial compounds in schools in tropical countries. The aim was to study associations between respiratory symptoms in pupils and ethnicity, chemical microbial markers, allergens and fungal DNA in settled dust in schools in Malaysia. Totally 462 pupils (96%) from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated. Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of different types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol, allergens and five fungal DNA sequences. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 13.1% pupils reported doctor’s diagnosed asthma, 10.3% wheeze and 21.1% pollen or pet allergy. Indian and Chinese children had less atopy and asthma than Malay. Carbon dioxide levels were low (380–690 ppm). No cat (Fel d1), dog (Can f 1) or horse allergens (Ecu cx) were detected. The levels of Bloomia tropicalis (Blo t), house dust mite allergens (Der p 1, Der f 1, Der m 1) and cockroach allergens (Per a 1 and Bla g 1) were low. There were positive associations between levels of Aspergillus versicolor DNA and daytime breathlessness, between C14 3-OH and respiratory infections and between ergosterol and doctors diagnosed asthma. There were negative (protective) associations between levels of C10 3-OH and wheeze, between C16 3-OH and day time and night time breathlessness, between cockroach allergens and doctors diagnosed asthma. Moreover there were negative associations between amount of fine dust, total endotoxin (LPS) and respiratory infections. In conclusion, endotoxin at school seems to be mainly protective for respiratory illness but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. Fungal contamination measured as ergosterol and Aspergillus versicolor DNA can be risk factors for respiratory illness. The ethnical differences for atopy and asthma deserve further attention. PMID:24523884
...the screening, selection, school enrollment, orientation...widespread interest in secondary school student exchange programs among...practices in the secondary school student exchange industry...99-399 (Omnibus Diplomatic Security and Antiterrorism Act of...
At a time when "trust" is argued by many to be on the wane within post-industrial societies this article examines a case study of pupil voice brought about through collaboration between a secondary school (for pupils aged 11-16) and a university located in a large conurbation in southern England. Building on data from focus groups and individual…
Obrdalj, Edita Cerni; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klari?, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana
To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12-14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check List for Children (TSCC). The pupils involved in the school violence, either as victims, bullies, bully/victims had significantly more trauma symptoms than the not involved. Involvement in school bullying as a bully/ victim was a strong indicator of trauma symptoms, particularly anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, obvious dissociation, and dissociation fantasy symptoms, while the victims of school violence had the highest odds ratio for the development of depressive symptoms. There is strong association between bullying and trauma symptoms in young adolescents. From our results, emphasis should be placed at the regularly screening on bullying in praxis of family physicians and regularly conduction of preventive measures and early intervention in every primary school. PMID:23697244
Emam, Mahmoud M.; Farrell, Peter
The number of pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who receive their education in mainstream schools in the UK has increased considerably over the last 10 years. Despite this increase, teachers and other support staff face a number of challenges in order to ensure that these inclusive arrangements bring maximum benefits to the children…
Rowold, Milam C.; Cook, Gillian E.
The field independent/field dependent tendencies of one-hundred and forty-three (143) Mexican American pupils in two rural, South Texas high schools was assessed. Teachers were given training in the educational implications of cognitive style on the learning process, and training to operate a classroom model designed to accommodate a specific…
Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves
The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e.,…
Female High School Pupils Orit Hazzan1 , Dalit Levy1 , Ayellet Tal2 1 Department of Education Technion Israel Institute of Technology Abstract: This article explores how outstanding female high EE is. In addition, we explore the pros and cons of studying EE, as were expressed by the female high
Shevlin, Mark; Millar, Rob
Background: This study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in an attempt to predict longitudinal growth of career exploratory behaviour in school pupils. The importance of information for making considered career decisions is indicated in theories of career development and choice, career education programmes, and concepts of career…
Hallarman, Prudence R.; And Others
The need for a "systems" approach to school-based social competency training has been highlighted by a national commission and the U.S. Department of Education. The Pupil Involvement/Problem-Solving with People (PI/PSP) curriculum has adapted numerous, well-researched social compentency training models targeted for elementary classroom use.…
Bishop, Laura J; Szobota, Lola
Recognition that it is both possible and important to teach secondary school students about bioethics issues and theory has grown slowly within the field of bioethics. In the late 1970s and 1980s, a few first-generation pioneers recognized the teaching and learning opportunities inherent in bioethics and obtained pilot grants to educate high school teachers about bioethics issues. In the 1990s and 2000s, second-generation efforts explored the possibilities of bioethics in secondary schools using a range of approaches, models, and funding sources. A third generation of programs that are now emerging benefits from more stable funding and offers materials that may be accessed by teachers across a country or around the world; a number of these programs are endorsed by national entities. An historical overview of these efforts to teach bioethics in high schools highlights some essential steps that must be taken to meet the challenge of teaching bioethics in pre-college settings. PMID:26413762
Aldridge, Bill G.
Urges educators to concentrate on science education for the majority of students, not a select few. Explains the major cause of disinterest and failure--the way science courses are structured, sequenced, and taught. Proposes a revised U.S. high school curriculum requiring ongoing courses in biology, chemistry, and physics for all students. (MLH)
Creech, Andrea; Hallam, Susan
Researchers in recent years have increasingly placed an emphasis on seeking pupils' perceptions of educational settings. Alongside this shift towards attaching value to the pupil viewpoint has been a growing interest concerning how interpersonal relationships, manifested as control or responsiveness between teachers and pupils or parents and…
Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca
The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…
This article reports on an ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council) doctoral study which investigated how teachers consulted pupils about teaching and learning in classrooms. Interest in consulting pupils has increased over the last decade; existing research suggests pupils have valuable perspectives on teaching and learning which teachers can…
Male, Dawn B.; Rayner, Matthew
This article focuses on aspects of policy and provision for pupils with profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD) who attend special schools in England. The findings reported below are from a larger study, which aimed to answer the question: "Who Goes to SLD Schools in England?"
ESTEEM - Encouraging School Transportation Effective Energy Management - Fuel Economy Management Handbook for Directors of Pupil Transportation, School District Administrators, Transportation Department Management.
BRI Systems, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.
This publication is a guide for school districts to reduce pupil transportation costs and save energy. The information presented is based upon: (1) energy saving programs implemented by school districts; (2) government and industry research efforts in fuel economy; (3) the successful experiences of commercial trucking fleets to save fuel; and (4)…
Soueif, M I; El-Sayed, A M; Darweesh, Z A; Hannourah, M A
The present paper reports on an epidemiological study of the nonmedical use of psychoactive substances among male secondary school students in Greater Cairo. A standardized questionnaire was administered to 5530 male pupils constituting a representative sample of all male students in Cairo secondary schools. The main aim of the study was to provide factual answers to questions pertaining to, (a) the extent of the use of psychoactive drugs, and (b) the aetiology of such use, among secondary school students. Methodological steps undertaken to provide for representativeness of the sample and credibility of the tool are described. Among the interesting results were the following: (1) consistently more arts students than pupils reading science and maths were immersed in the drug culture; (2) sizable numbers of young people get exposed to the drug culture through well defined psychosocial channels; (3) the role of mass media in effecting this exposure seems to be quite serious, ranking in most cases after the role of personal friends; (4) a differentiation between "activists" and "passivists" among subjects who "ever used" drugs seems to be important in understanding more about drug use phenomena, and (5) some findings add a new dimension to the operational definition of high risk groups: a subgroup of nonusers could be labeled "potential users". PMID:7084022
Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.
ONE OF A SERIES OF NINE SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING GUIDES, THIS REPORT OUTLINES SPECIFIC AS WELL AS GENERAL PLANNING PRINCIPLES. A PHILOSOPHICAL BASIS OF PLANNING IS RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT. PLANNING PROCEDURES INCLUDE LONG RANGE PLANNING AND STEPS FOR OVERALL PLANNING. INCLUDED IN THE STEPS ARE PREPARING…
Mitzner, Kris Doreen
This mixed method study examined perceptions and experiences of secondary school administrators in Texas regarding cyberbullying. It was designed to gather quantitative information related to cyberbullying in secondary ...
Saboori, Shadi; Greene, Leslie E.; Moe, Christine L.; Freeman, Matthew C.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Akoko, Daniel; Rheingans, Richard D.
We assessed whether supplying soap to primary schools on a regular basis increased pupil hand washing and decreased Escherichia coli hand contamination. Multiple rounds of structured observations of hand washing events after latrine use were conducted in 60 Kenyan schools, and hand rinse samples were collected one time in a subset of schools. The proportion of pupils observed practicing hand washing with soap (HWWS) events was significantly higher in schools that received a soap provision intervention (32%) and schools that received soap and latrine cleaning materials (38%) compared with controls (3%). Girls and boys had similar hand washing rates. There were non-significant reductions in E. coli contamination among intervention school pupils compared with controls. Removing the barrier of soap procurement can significantly increase availability of soap and hand washing among pupils; however, we discuss limitations in the enabling policy and institutional environment that may have prevented reaching desired levels of HWWS. PMID:23939707
Saboori, Shadi; Greene, Leslie E; Moe, Christine L; Freeman, Matthew C; Caruso, Bethany A; Akoko, Daniel; Rheingans, Richard D
We assessed whether supplying soap to primary schools on a regular basis increased pupil hand washing and decreased Escherichia coli hand contamination. Multiple rounds of structured observations of hand washing events after latrine use were conducted in 60 Kenyan schools, and hand rinse samples were collected one time in a subset of schools. The proportion of pupils observed practicing hand washing with soap (HWWS) events was significantly higher in schools that received a soap provision intervention (32%) and schools that received soap and latrine cleaning materials (38%) compared with controls (3%). Girls and boys had similar hand washing rates. There were non-significant reductions in E. coli contamination among intervention school pupils compared with controls. Removing the barrier of soap procurement can significantly increase availability of soap and hand washing among pupils; however, we discuss limitations in the enabling policy and institutional environment that may have prevented reaching desired levels of HWWS. PMID:23939707
Angell, Carl; Guttersrud, Øystein; Henriksen, Ellen K.; Isnes, Anders
There is widespread concern for the situation of school physics regarding recruitment, contents, teaching methods, etc. In this study based on questionnaire and focus group data, we explore how upper secondary pupils and teachers perceive physics as a subject, how they experience physics instruction, and how physics compares to other subjects.Our study shows that pupils find physics interesting, but difficult and work-intensive; formalistic in nature, but still describing the world and everyday phenomena. Pupils express that exoti topics like astrophysics are closer to their life-world than mechanics etc. Whereas teachers complain about pupils' poor mathematics skills, pupils do not see this as a major problem. Physics instruction is still dominated by traditional content knowledge and seems to attract and reward pupils with this orientation. Pupils have a relatively weak understanding of the central role of experiments in science. Generally, pupils appear conservative in their views on teaching and learning; however, they would like stronger emphasis on qualitative and pupil-centred approaches.Based on our findings, we suggest that an upper secondary physics education preparing pupils for tomorrow's society should be characterized by variety, both within and among courses, integration of mathematics in the physics courses, more pupil-centred instruction, and a stronger emphasis on knowledge in context.
Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Afshari, Marjan; Fooi, Foo Say; Samah, Bahaman Abu
The purpose of this study was firstly to identify the extent to which Iranian secondary school principals used computers and secondly to explore the relationship between a number of variables related to the use of information and communications technology (ICT). Findings indicated that four factors played a role in explaining the level of computer…
Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose
The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…
American Civil Liberties Union, New York, NY.
A policy statement recommends application of the principles of academic freedom and civil liberties to the secondary schools. Teachers' rights are discussed in terms of (1) appointments and dismissals, (2) loyalty oaths, (3) curriculum, (4) selection of texts and supplementary instructional resources, (5) freedom to teach controversial issues, (6)…
Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.
This bulletin contains: (1) a summary and conclusions of a study of mathematics curricula in Europe and Japan, and (2) a description of beginning efforts to evaluate the Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study (SSMCIS) project. Some of the conclusions of the European and Japanese study are: (1) the study of Euclidean synthetic…
Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.
This construction curriculum guide on masonry for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…
Barry, Patricia E., Ed.
This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…
Valavicius, Eugenijus; Babravicius, Kestutis
The paper analyses the results of the computer literacy survey conducted among the 11th and 12th form students in gymnasiums and secondary schools in Lithuania. The basis for the questionnaire was taken from previous surveys carried out in Vilnius Pedagogical University. The questionnaire is divided into five topics, such as computer hardware and…
Explores and defines teacher burnout and lists characteristics; (1) loss of idealism; (2) loss of motivation; (3) loss of concern; and (4) loss of energy. Specifically focuses on secondary teachers attitudes toward burnout in the Metro-Manila School System. Includes a list of responses to selected questions from the survey on burnout and…
Beach, Richard; Marshall, James
Working from case studies of teachers and from the actual language used by teachers and students, this book provides a rationale for and a description of a response-centered approach to the teaching of literature in the secondary school. Embedded throughout the book are student activities. Each chapter gives suggested readings of related articles…
The current work reports a research that aimed to update the curriculum for the teaching of Physics. Topics from modern and contemporaneous theories are generally put aside in secondary school classes, for both course programs and formal university background designed to teachers of Physics focus on classic topics. We present the results of some…
Ridout, Fran; Charlton, Anne; Hutchison, Iain
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess smoking prevention and cessation education delivered as part of the UK National Curriculum and to evaluate the relative effectiveness of health, social influence and other/non-health components. In all, 1789 students aged 11-15 from 12 secondary schools completed online surveys assessing smoking status,…
Suydam, Marilyn N., Comp.; And Others
This booklet was designed to provide information on secondary school mathematics courses being developed or revised, reinforcing a National Council of Teachers of Mathematics recommendation calling for "a flexible curriculum with a greater range of options." A survey of mathematics supervisors led to the identification of over 450 persons who…
Brooks, Valerie, Ed.; Abbott, Ian, Ed.; Bills, Liz, Ed.
This book is key reading for all trainee secondary school teachers. It covers the range of core professional skills that student teachers need to acquire irrespective of their subject specialism or their training route. It also considers recent developments in teaching, exploring the opportunities and challenges they present for those about to…
This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In…
Schalock, Robert L.
Study of mentally handicapped secondary school students (N=108) participating in a community-based job training and placement model indicated that family involvement, hours in vocational programing, and teacher's experience were among predictor variables for employment success. The Individual Transition Plan and financial incentives will further…
Cranston School Dept., RI.
The Cranston Secondary School Curriculum Guide (9-12) for Industrial Arts is intended to serve as a resource for teachers, students, department chairman, guidance personnel, curriculum planners, and others involved in present or future curriculum planning. At least one broadly stated major objective is provided for each section, encompassing the…
Ehala, Martin; Niglas, Katrin
The results of a survey of language attitudes of Estonian secondary school students, ages 15 to 18, are presented, and the implications for the practice of language maintenance are discussed. The survey revealed that Estonian is valued as a token of identity but not much as a commodity in the sense of linguistic economy. It is argued that…
Hurd, Steve; Mangan, Jean; Adnett, Nick
Evidence is provided to illustrate that the current level of spending on books by English secondary schools is low with regard to maintaining existing book stocks and that parental expenditure is not making up the shortfall. An analysis of the inspection regime suggests a tendency to emphasise information and communications technology (ICT) to the…
Allwood, Dan A.; Dean, Julian; Bryan, Matthew T.; Baker, Alan
Finite element modelling software has been used to allow secondary school students to study nanoscale magnetic materials for hard drive recording applications. The students were introduced to the basic concepts of finite element modelling using a freely available internet game before modelling the magnetization reversal of single magnetic grains.…
Thomas, Paul F.
In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…
New York State Div. of the Budget, Albany.
Uneven access to taxable real property wealth currently produces wide disparities in per pupil expenditures among New York state school districts. The state's operating aid formula does not compensate for the inequities in low wealth districts having an operating expense level of more than $1,500 per pupil. In the last decade several proposals…
This observational study illustrates how teachers' use of motivational utterances is expressed to pupils with learning difficulties in special education in Norwegian compulsory schooling. The term motivational utterances refers to teacher utterances that can help increase pupils' expectancy of success and task value. Video recordings were made of…
Putnam, John F., Comp.; Tankard, George G., Jr., Comp.
This bulletin provides a basic guide for the items of information to be used in pupil accounting in the local and State school systems of the United States. Meeting at the call of the U.S. Commissioner of Education in April 1960, a policy committee for the pupil accounting project defined the project's purpose as the development of a manual of…
The use of questionnaires to evaluate educational initiatives is widespread, but often problematic. This paper examines four aspects of an evaluation survey carried out with very able pupils attending out-of-school classes: ethics, design, bias and interpretation. There is a particular focus on the interpretation and analysis of pupils' answers to…
Ireson, Judith; Hallam, Susan; Mortimore, Peter; Hack, Sarah; Clark, Helen
This paper presents preliminary findings from a large-scale study of ability grouping in English secondary schools. Forty-five secondary schools representing three levels of grouping took part in the research. Within these schools, data have been collected from a cohort of Year 9 pupils, aged 13-14 years. All these pupils took tests in English,…
Gibbons, Stephen; Telhaj, Shqiponja
The issue of social segregation in schools has seen a recent resurgence of interest--in the US, UK and internationally--as the debate rages on about whether policies that expand families' freedom to choose amongst schools encourage divergence or convergence in the types of pupil different schools admit. Most attention has been focussed on…
Mistry, Malini; Sood, Krishan
This study aims to explore how leaders are helping to close gaps of attainment for minority ethnic pupils in English schools, and in particular those pupils who have English as an Additional Language (EAL) in the primary and secondary sector. This is a comparative study across selected schools using qualitative approaches to help gain an insight…
There is substantial evidence that teaching science through creative methods increases pupils' motivation and their enjoyment of science. This has been found to be particularly true for those pupils who are not always self-motivated and who find learning easier when less formal techniques are used. Drama is an excellent method of bringing…
Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas
Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.
Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.
The primary purpose of this book is to present the critical issues in pupil transportation that will confront pupil transportation supervisors in local school districts. The following issues are discussed: (1) demands for extended service from community pressure groups; (2) reductions in budget requests by governing bodies; (3) unrest among driver…
Intended for regular class teachers working with mainstreamed physically handicapped pupils, the article offers guidelines regarding school organization, conditions directly affecting the pupil, and classroom considerations. A brief review of the major conditions (such as allergies, cerebral palsy, and muscular dystrophy) is presented. (CL)
Bognar, Branko; Šimic, Vesna
This article presents an action research, which aimed to improve pupils' literary creativity and enable them to use computers connected to the internet. The study was conducted in a small district village school in Croatia. Creating a pupils' internet magazine appeared to be an excellent way for achieving the educational aims of almost all…
Liew Kok-Pun, Michael; And Others
The focus of this document is on the design of educational facilities, especially workshops, in Singapore. Chapter 1 discusses secondary schools, including the general curriculum and specifications-of-space provision in a standard secondary school. In chapter 2 the position of technical education within general secondary schools is addressed.…
Indicates serious shortcomings in the case for small secondary schools as presented in the past several years in South Australia. An unwarranted acceptance of the argument in favor of small secondary schools would exert a deleterious effect on secondary school provision. (Author/IRT)
Imhonde, Henry O.; Aluede, Oyaziwo
This study examined smoking intensity among secondary school adolescent smokers. A total of 800 students, made up of 685 males and 115 females who have at least tasted a cigarette once, from twenty secondary schools (5 private and 15 public secondary schools) in Benin City, Nigeria participated in the study. A questionnaire was used in collecting…
Sriring, Srinual; Erawan, Prawit; Sriwarom, Monoon
The objective of this research was to: 1) involved a survey of information relating to secondary school health, 2) involved the construction of a model of health assessment and a handbook for using the model in secondary school, 3) develop an assessment model for secondary school. The research included 3 phases. (1) involved a survey of…
Adeyemi, T. O.
This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…
Rutland, Marion; Barlex, David
This paper is based on work carried out as part of a research study into the professional practices of secondary design and technology teachers in England. It focused on fostering creativity or teaching for creativity as defined by the Robinson Report (1999, All our futures: creativity, culture and education. London: Department for Education and…
Davies, Peter; Davies, Rhys
"Enlivening Secondary History" is the ideal handbook for busy history teachers who want to do something different in their classrooms, but have little time to plan and organise their lessons. Featuring tried-and-tested practical ideas complete with relevant exemplars and step-by-step advice, this best-selling book is a compendium of creative…
Fran Ridout; Anne Charlton; Iain Hutchison
This cross-sectional study aimed to assess smoking prevention and cessation education de- livered as part of the UK National Curriculum and to evaluate the relative effectiveness of health, social influence and other\\/non-health components. In all, 1789 students aged 11-15 from 12 secondary schools completed online surveys assessing smoking status, factors known to be related to smoking and experience of smoking
Dallas Independent School District, TX. Dept. of Research, Evaluation, and Information Systems.
Each year, through its system-wide testing program, the Dallas Independent School District collects and reports assessment data on the achievement of its pupils. The data are summarized in a variety of ways in different reports to meet the needs of a particular audience. The three reports in this year's series were produced by computer, using a…
Bobek, Joanne R., Comp.
This listing contains 2003-04 secondary enrollments for private and nonpublic schools that reported to the Division of Data Services. Listed are the school name, location address and affiliation of each reporting school having secondary enrollments. These enrollments reflect private-pay students only. An asterisk (*) preceding the school name…
Extension and transition programme for secondary school students STAR at UC * Certification for concerns related to my child's STAR study is the STAR coordinator at their secondary school or the UC STAR courses: School tutor name: School tutor email address: Declaration I understand that although successful
Krech, Paul R.; Kulinna, Pamela H.; Cothran, Donetta
Background: Effective classroom management is the cornerstone of successful teaching. Behavioural issues affect the classroom climate as well as the time available for learning. Pupil misbehaviours can also contribute to teacher stress and burn out resulting in teachers leaving the profession. It is important for us to understand more about pupil…
Aragón, María del Mar; Oliva, José M.; Navarrete, Antonio
This article analyzes the relationship between pupils' level of understanding of the analogies proposed in class while working with a model of chemical change and their competence at constructing a coherent verbal discourse of that model in both its macroscopic and submicroscopic representations. The study participants were 35 pupils in their…
Lindberg, J. Ola; Sahlin, Susanne
Purpose: The aim of this paper is to report how Swedish upper secondary schools involved in a European Union-financed collaborative project intertwined aspects of subject integration and international collaboration with the use of ICT. Design/methodology/approach: The methodology used is a case study in which aspects of subject integration and…
Couture, Caroline; Massé, Line
This article presents a description of ACE (Accompagnement collaboratif des enseignants (Collaborative teacher accompaniment)), a new program designed to guide secondary school teachers in integrating students with behavioral problems in their classrooms. ACE proposes collaborative accompaniment inspired by behavioral and mental health…
Burgess, Lesley; Addison, Nicholas
This article examines the findings of the London Cluster research, "Critical Minds", in which the Institute of Education, University of London (IoE) worked in collaboration with Whitechapel Chapel Art Gallery (the lead London gallery), Bow Arts, Chisenhale Gallery and Space-The Triangle, and four east London comprehensive schools. By collaborating…
Mooij, Ton; Driessen, Geert
Background: In preschool and primary education, pupils differ in many abilities and competences (giftedness). Yet mainstream educational practice seems rather homogeneous in providing age-based or grade-class subject matter approaches. Aims: To clarify whether pupils scoring initially at high ability level do develop and attain differently at…
Thurston, Allen; Christie, Donald; Karagiannidou, Eleni; Murray, Pauline; Tolmie, Andrew; Topping, Keith
This article reports data from a 2-year longitudinal study on cooperative learning in school science. The study reported the effects of cooperative learning in science on science attainment, effective development and social connectedness, and interactions during transition from elementary to high school in rural and urban school settings. The…
Dignan, Patricia J.; Schelkun, Ruth
Educators concerned with effectiveness outcomes have become increasingly involved with participative organizational and teaching practices designed to improve school climate. Since schools have traditionally emphasized "top down" management and decision-making procedures, few school districts have the experience or expertise to develop and…
Thomas, Sally; Mortimore, Peter
Value-added measures of school effectiveness are reviewed in relation to the British government's requirement for schools to publish raw examination results. A series of multilevel analyses of examination results found that most variation in pupil outcomes could be explained by pupil intake factors suggesting the greater importance of…
Poland, J L
The Department of Physiology at the Medical College of Virginia/Virginia Commonwealth University offered a human physiology course to middle school and high school science teachers in the Richmond, VA, area. It was a three-credit course, team taught, and given at a location convenient to many area teachers. This course served the community by contributing to the continuing education efforts of teachers and concurrently enhanced our recruitment program by advertising "physiology" to teachers who will influence college-bound students for years to come. In addition, we established ties between teachers and physiology faculty such that continuing interactions (e.g., collaborative research during the summer) should be facilitated. The success of the course suggests that this is an effective way to serve local communities, enhance efforts to recruit graduate students into the basic sciences, and at the same time help reverse the educational crisis in the US by bolstering the backgrounds of secondary school teachers. PMID:1616062
Rense Corten; Jaap Dronkers
We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000 data on European high schools. In the 1980s, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance of these pupils was better at religious schools than
Miller, Anthony R.
The safest means of transportation in the United States is the school bus fleet. Each school day, over 350,000 school buses transport about 22,000,000 children ages 3 to 21--from wheelchair pupils to varsity football players--to and from school in weather conditions ranging from those for Fairbanks, Alaska, to those typical of Cave Creek, Arizona.…
Kendall, Lesley; Rutt, Simon; Schagen, Ian
The Excellence in Cities (EiC) policy was launched in 1999 with the aim of improving the attainment of all pupils in disadvantaged urban areas. Further Phases were launched in 2000 and 2001, by when EiC covered about a third of the secondary schools in England and over 60 per cent of the minority ethnic pupils in England attended schools in EiC…
Gaubatz, Julie A.
Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders navigate the change process within their departments, this study examined the change stories of six secondary school science department chairs who had led change attempts. In total, these department chairs shared six stories of successful change attempts and four unsuccessful change attempts. The topics of leadership and change were accessed through department chair interviews, document analysis, and a leadership inventory. Department chair leadership was analyzed with Blake and McCanse's (1991) Leadership Grid, and further explored using Yukl, Gordon, and Taber's (2002) detailed characterization of this grid. The change processes described in these department chair stories were analyzed using the frameworks provided by Ely's (1990) conditions of change, and Havelock and Zlotolow (1995) CREATER change stages model. In general, the findings of this study support Havelock and Zlotolow's CREATER model, as well as Ely's conditions of change, with dissatisfaction with the status quo emerging as the essential condition for successful change. This study connects these change process frameworks to specific leadership strategies and behaviors, and uses these connections to illuminate differences between successful and unsuccessful instances of change. These findings, along with other unanticipated findings emerging from department chair stories of change, such as the adverse influence of contentious resistors and the importance of team construction, add both to the literature on change and leadership and to the crucial point where these concepts intersect.
Hinton, Denise; Kirk, Susan
Teachers are supporting an increasing number of pupils with long-term health conditions in mainstream schools. The aim of this literature review was to critically appraise and synthesise research that has examined teachers' perceptions of the key barriers and facilitators to supporting pupils with long-term conditions, teachers' training needs and interventions that aim to improve teachers' knowledge of long-term conditions, and teachers' confidence in supporting children and young people. A narrative literature review was conducted using a systematic search of computerised databases and manual searches of key journals and reference lists to retrieve studies published between 2003 and 2013. Studies were critically appraised and key themes across studies identified. In total, 61 papers from 58 studies were included in the review. The findings suggest that teachers receive little formal training relevant to long-term condition management and are fearful of the risks involved in teaching children and young people with long-term conditions. Communication between families, school and health and social care services appears to be poor. Educational programmes developed in conjunction with and/or delivered by healthcare professionals seem to have the potential to increase teachers' knowledge and confidence. This review suggests that healthcare professionals have an important role to play in supporting teachers in identifying and meeting the needs of pupils with long-term conditions. It is vital that pupils with long-term conditions receive appropriate care and support in schools to ensure their safety and help them to integrate with their peers and achieve their academic potential. Limitations in the current evidence are highlighted and implications for future research are identified. PMID:24666555
Pike, C. J.; Robinson, R. A. J.; Roper, K. A.
GeoBus (www.geobus.org.uk) is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews, and it is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (middle and high) schools by providing teaching support to schools that have no or little expertise of teaching Earth science, to share the outcomes of new science research and the experiences of young researchers with school pupils, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 160 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 30,000 pupils will have been involved in experiential Earth science learning activities by December 2014, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The challenge with secondary school experiential learning as outreach is that activities need to be completed in either 50 or 80 minutes to fit within the school timetables in the UK, and this can limit the amount of hands-on activities that pupils undertake in one session. However, it is possible to dedicate a whole or half day of linked activities to Earth science learning in Scotland and this provides a long enough period to undertake field work, conduct group projects, or complete more complicated experiments. GeoBus has developed a suite of workshops that all involve experiential learning and are targeted for shorter and longer time slots, and the lessons learned in developing and refining these workshops to maximise the learning achieved will be presented. Three potentially unsurprising observations hold true for all the schools that GeoBus visits: young learners like to experiment and use unfamiliar equipment to make measurements, the element of competition stimulates learners to ask questions and maintain focus and enthusiasum, and role playing is an effective way to get learners to participate in group projects and to communicate with each other. Examples of our workshops and experiential learning activities for a range of ages will be presented along with feedback from teachers and young learners.
Robinson, Ruth; Pike, Charlotte; Roper, Kathryn
GeoBus (www.geobus.org.uk) is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews, and it is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 160 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Just under 35,000 pupils have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities since the project began in 2012, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run 50 - 80 minute workshops, and half- or whole-day Enterprise Challenges and field excursions. Workshops are aimed at a class of up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are increasingly popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. Enterprise Challenge are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Topics include "Journey to Mars", "Scotland's Rocks", "Drilling for Oil", and "Renewable Energy". Both of the energy Enterprise Challenges were designed to incorporates ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. Journey to Mars involves pupils learning about remote sensing techniques, the technology that the Mars Science Laboratory carries, and use NASA data to explore how we search for signs of water and life on Mars. These challenges develop geological and research skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in Earth and space sciences. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.
Wilson, G. P.; Ladwig, A.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has initiated the Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools (SSIP-S), an annual nationwide competition to select student proposals for experiments suitable for flight aboard the Space Shuttle. The objective of the project is to stimulate the study of science and technology in grades 9 through 12 by directly relating students to a space research program. This paper will analyze the first year of the project from a standpoint of how the competition was administered; the number and types of proposals that were submitted; and will discuss the process involved in preparing the winning experiments for eventual flight.
This article investigates the issue of secondary school pupils asking questions. This is an important topic on which very little has been published to date. The article reviews the current literature, which almost exclusively reports the lack of student initiated, content related questioning in classrooms. A small study is described that…
Sundin, Olof; Francke, Helena
Introduction: We aim to create an in-depth understanding of how pupils in upper secondary school negotiate the credibility and authority of information as part of their practices of learning. Particular focus is on the use of user-created resources, such as "Wikipedia", where authorship is collective and/or hard to determine. Method: An…
Gotts, Edward E.
Because a review of the literature showed little systematic knowledge about effective school-home communication at the secondary level, a survey of parents of secondary-level students was undertaken in a large West Virginia school system that had begun to achieve apparently effective school-home rapport. A stratified, random sample of parents was…
GILBERTS, ROBERT D.
THIS DOCUMENT OUTLINES THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANTS FOR THE MADISON, WISCONSIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE DISTRICT IS OUTLINED AND RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL WHICH INCLUDES TEACHER-DIRECTED ACTIVITIES AND INDIVIDUAL STUDY PROVISIONS. IT RELATES OBJECTIVES AND GOALS TO…
Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan
Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…
Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln I.; Mutiso, Victoria; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca A.; Kokonya, Donald A.
The objective of this study was to establish the association between substance abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of secondary school students. All the students of 17 randomly stratified public secondary schools in Nairobi were required to complete self-administered sociodemographic and the School Toolkit questionnaires in a…
Haelermans, Carla; De Witte, Kristof; Blank, Jos L. T.
This paper studies the optimal allocation of resources--in terms of school management, teachers, supporting employees and materials--in secondary schools. We use a flexible budget constrained output distance function model to estimate both technical and allocative efficiency scores for 448 Dutch secondary schools between 2002 and 2007. The results…
Hood, Nancy E.; Colabianchi, Natalie; Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.
Background: Research on physical activity breaks and facilities (indoor and outdoor) in secondary schools is relatively limited. Methods: School administrators and students in nationally representative samples of 8th (middle school) and 10th/12th grade (high school) students were surveyed annually from 2008-2009 to 2011-2012. School administrators…
Spencer Earl Boyle; Georgina L Jones; Stephen J Walters
BACKGROUND: Recent initiatives have been introduced by the UK government into secondary schools to increase pupils' access to physical activity (PA). Despite this, not enough is known about pupils' levels of physical activity or whether the delivery of these initiatives in schools facilitates or creates a barrier for pupils' PA. The aim of this study was to gain an understanding
Brusse, Frances Williams
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUPIL ATTITUDES TOWARD SELECTED ORAL LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES USED WITH FIFTH GRADERS IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis By FRANCES WILLIAMS BRUSSE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM... University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1967 Major Subject Education A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUPIL ATTITUDES TOWARD SELECTED ORAL LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES USED WITH FIFTH GRADERS IN THE PUBLIC...
In this paper, history of secondary school science in Mauritius is traced to identifyfactors, which may have influenced its link to technology of local significance. Theeconomy was based on agriculture. Sugar research was not only well developed, itwas crucial for sustaining the social status of the Franco Mauritian economic elite.Secondary school science on the other hand was unaffected by locally conductedscientific and technical research. It prepared students for examinations of Britishexamination boards and for further education in British universities. This resultedin narrowing of the curriculum to the detriment of important but `non-examinable'components of the syllabus. This `teaching to test' was further enhanced by limitededucational opportunities at each level. All attempts at introducing agriculture andpractical work in the curriculum were also futile because of the apathy descendantsof Indian and African immigrants had for agriculture.Today, there are many educational and vocational opportunities still the educationsystem founded on literary lines with examinations and subsequent selection atdifferent levels has become so deep rooted that any deflection from examinationrequirements is difficult.
Onyeaso, Chukwudi Ochi
The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of mouthguard awareness and use, as well as the amount and type of oro-facial trauma associated with and without mouthguard wear in adolescent Nigerian athletes. A 13-item self-completion questionnaire was completed and returned by 1,127 secondary school athletes (completion rate of 93.9%) comprising 683 (60.6%) males and 444 (39.4%) females ranging in age from 12- to 19 years (mean age 15.18+/-2.97 SD). The athletes were randomly drawn from 23 secondary schools located in different parts of Ibadan city in Nigeria. Sixty-five-and-a-third percent of the athletes professed awareness of the need for mouthguards for sports, but only 19.6% claimed usage of the device. Thirty-four-and-a-half percent of the athletes reported having sustained one form of oro-facial injury or the other previously. The prevalence of oro-facial injuries was significantly lower while wearing a mouthguard (p<0.05), and most of the injuries occurred during contact sports. The study supports the need for the enforcement of mandatory mouthguard use in contact sports. Images Figure 1 PMID:14977285
The social space this paper is concerned with is a particular school: it is local in that it ostensibly serves a local community in West London; however, it is global in that the student body is formed from families with connections all over the world. During an intensive period of 3 weeks, I observed a group of 12-year-olds in three classes:…
Honegger, Steven D.
This publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2007-08. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of school…
...2010-07-01 true Elementary and secondary schools. 101-6.205-3...101-6.205-3 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...with respect to any elementary or secondary school or school system...
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.
This is a 1971 reprint of the chemistry syllabus printed in 1966 for the state of New York. This course of study presents a modern view of chemistry suitable for pupils with a wide range of skills and abilities. The outline of topics provides the unifying principles of chemistry together with related facts. The principles included in the outline…
New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.
Presented is a modern view of chemistry suitable for pupils with a wide range of skills and abilities. The outline of topics provides the unifying principles of chemistry together with related facts. The principles included in the outline are basic to man's understanding of his environment. The topical outline is divided into nine major units:…
Comprehensive or nonselective schools have been in existence in the United Kingdom for over 40 years, having gradually replaced the old selective system of grammar schools for able pupils and secondary modern schools for less able pupils. In spite of their growth in numbers, comprehensive schools have been subject to continual controversy, and…
This article describes an enquiry into whether role models in science have an effect on ethnic minority engagement and aspirations. It discusses whether incorporating scientists from across the globe into lessons could have a positive impact on ethnic minority and white pupils. Pupils at a Sheffield school were introduced to scientists from across…
Ellins, Jean; Porter, Jill
As trends in favour of inclusion continue, questions arise concerning the extent to which teachers in mainstream schools feel prepared for the task of meeting pupils' special educational needs. Little previous research has considered how the subject taught impacts upon the attitudes of mainstream teachers towards pupils with special educational…
Zeeman, Roger D.
A described intervention evaluates the effect of both a psychology course and the active service component of tutoring upon alienated underachieving adolescents and the elementary school pupils who receive their services. Results indicate that both the class and tutoring effectively improved the academic self-concept of the students. (Author/PN)
A Study on the Implementation of the Ecotran Systems, Inc. Computerized Routing and Scheduling Pupil Transportation System. San Diego Unified School District, Superintendent's Organizational Study Team.
Carriedo, Ruben; And Others
The San Diego Unified School District (California) began operating a computerized routing and scheduling system for its pupil transportation services at the beginning of the 1985-86 academic school year. The computerized system, provided by Ecotran Systems, Inc. (ECO) of Cleveland, Ohio experienced an inordinate number of difficulties. A…
Mhishi, Misheck; Mandoga, Edward; Tunjera, Nyarai; Bhukuvhani, Crispen Erinos
School-Based Assessment (SBA) can help achieve a holistic, child-centred and qualitative account of a pupil's performance. The same method has been criticised for being subjective, informal and open to teacher bias hence the reluctance by the Zimbabwe Schools Examination Council (ZIMSEC) to embrace it for certification and selection into further…
Flores-Arias, M. T.; Bao-Varela, Carmen
NEMO was the "Network of Excellence in Micro-Optics" granted in the "Sixth Framework Program" of the European Union. It aimed at providing Europe with a complete Micro-Optics food-chain, by setting up centers for optical modeling and design; measurement and instrumentation; mastering, prototyping and replication; integration and packaging and reliability and standardization. More than 300 researchers from 30 groups in 12 countries participated in the project. One of the objectives of NEMO was to spread excellence and disseminate knowledge on micro-optics and micro-photonics. To convince pupils, already from secondary school level on, about the crucial role of light and micro-optics and the opportunities this combination holds, several partners of NEMO had collaborate to create this Educational Kit. In Spain the partner involved in this aim was the "Microoptics and GRIN Optics Group" at the University of Santiago of Compostela (USC). The educational kits provided to the Secondary School were composed by two plastic cards with the following microoptical element: different kinds of diffractive optical elements or DOES and refractive optical elements or ROEs namely arrays of micro-lenses. The kit also included a DVD with a handbook for performing the experiments as well as a laser pointer source. This kit was distributed free of charge in the countries with partners in NEMO. In particular in Spain was offered to around 200 Secondary School Centers and only 80 answered accepting evaluate the kit.
Paulick, Isabell; Watermann, Rainer; Nuckles, Matthias
During the transition from elementary school to secondary school, in Germany, students are assigned to different school tracks, academic or non-academic, that differ markedly in compositional and institutional characteristics, e.g., the level of cognitive activation and performance standards are higher in academic tracks than in non-academic…
Ajaheb-Jahangeer, Shamim; Jahangeer, Abdul Cayum
This paper presents a case study of the school culture in a secondary school in Mauritius. It analyses how the school culture has an impact on the effectiveness of an educational organisation. The literature on school culture is reviewed and discussed. The education system in the Mauritian context is described; and its advantages and drawbacks…
Simonds, Thomas Andrew
Using data from a representative number of Society of Jesus secondary schools, the researcher reports what these schools are doing to prevent violence, and tests an explanatory model of school violence he created. The researcher proposes that this model can be used to explain and prevent school violence by identifying and addressing the…
Bird, Thomas D.; Little, Judith Warren
This study examined instructional leadership in eight diverse secondary schools in four urban, suburban, and small-city school districts in one western state. The aim was to gain access to a set of schools that provided both variety in instructional leadership and diversity in school size, organization, grade level, faculty and student…
Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.
Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…
Taylor, Richard L.
The secondary school principal of a large Model Schools Project (MSP) urban school (1) examines the communication characteristics of the school, and (2) evaluates a communication instrument with respect to its possible general use as an administrative tool to help administrators examine the effectiveness of the communication characteristics of…
Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer
Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…
Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.
GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.
Barban, Nicola; White, Michael J
Choosing a secondary school represents an important step in the lives of students in Italy, in that it has a strong bearing on their ultimate educational achievement and labor force trajectory. In this paper, we analyze the effect of generational status and length of residence on the transition to secondary school among immigrants living in Italy. Using data from the ITAGEN2 follow-up, we analyze scholastic results from the middle school final exam and the choice of secondary school among the adolescents in Italy. Children of immigrants are more likely to have inferior outcomes on the middle school exam and to enroll in vocational and polytechnic schools. Our multivariate results indicate that, after controlling for the family’s human capital and other key background factors, immigrant students show greater propensity to choose a vocational path. Differences between immigrants and natives in secondary school tracks are also manifest when previous scholastic results are taken into account. PMID:25587204
Fortune, Jim C.; Hutchinson, Thomas E.
The problem addressed in this paper is to compare the schools identified as participating in Title I, 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act programs, with those identified as not participating in Title I, with regard to percentage of pupils on welfare, number of target group pupils, percentage of pupils reading below grade level, percentage of…
Sarwar, Muhammad; Yousuf, Muhammad Imran; Hussain, Shafqat
The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers' perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore…
Examines the effects of Malaysia's preferential educational policies regarding secondary school attainment for the nation's three ethnic groups. Investigates trends in gender and socioeconomic differences within each ethnic group. Finds that, over time, Malays were increasingly more likely to attain secondary school than were non-Malays. (CFR)
Tutak, Tayfun; Güder, Yunus
The aim of this study is to identify the opinions of secondary school mathematics teachers about mathematical modelling. Qualitative research was used. The participants of the study were 40 secondary school teachers working in the Bingöl Province in Turkey during 2012-2013 education year. Semi-structured interview form prepared by the researcher…
This paper argues that the success of schools in disadvantaged township communities is shaped by an interplay of four dimensions: strategy, regulation, pedagogy and compensation. The paper presents these dimensions of successful leadership in secondary schools by drawing on a research study focusing on cases of three Soweto township secondary…
Starling, Julia; Munro, Natalie; Togher, Leanne; Arciuli, Joanne
Up to 16% of students in mainstream secondary schools present with language impairment (LI). As with other learning difficulties, students with LI experience many academic, social, emotional and behavioral problems. Associated presenting behaviors may, however, be masking the primary language impairment. As a result, secondary school students with…
Polesel, John; Clarke, Kira
It has been argued that the culture and traditions of secondary schooling explicitly exclude vocational learning from the mission of secondary schools. Analyses have further highlighted the role played by vocational learning in sifting and sorting students by social background. In many continental systems, Germany, France or Italy for example, the…
Bataineh, Osamah; Alazzi, Khaled F.
The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers' perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their…
Emmiyati, Nuri; Rasyid, Muhammad Amin; Rahman, M. Asfah; Arsyad, Azhar; Dirawan, Gufran Darma
This study aimed to investigate the Multiple Intelligences profiles of the students at junior secondary school in Makassar. The Multiple Intelligences Inventory was used to identify the dominant intelligence among the students. The sample of this research was 302 junior secondary schools students in Makassar Indonesia who willing to participated…
Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy
The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…
Extension and transition programme for secondary school students STAR at UC Entry into CHEM 111 is the STAR coordinator at their secondary school or the UC STAR Coordinator. Parent's/Caregiver's signature that although successful completion of this course entitles me to be awarded credit towards a University
Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.
Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…
Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen
The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…
Background Multi-component interventions which combine educational and environmental strategies appear to be most effective in increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in adolescents. However, multi-component interventions are complex to implement and often poorly implemented. Identification of barriers and facilitators for implementation is warranted to improve future interventions. This study aimed to explore implementation of two intervention components which addressed availability and accessibility of FV in the multi-component, school-based Boost study which targeted FV intake among Danish 13-year-olds and to identify barriers and facilitators for implementation among pupils, teachers and FV suppliers. Methods We conducted focus group interviews with 111 13-year-olds and 13 teachers, completed class observations at six schools, and conducted telephone interviews with all involved FV suppliers. Interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed using qualitative analytical procedures. Results FV suppliers affected the implementation of the FV programme at schools and thereby pupils’ intake through their timing of delivery and through the quality, quantity and variety of the delivered FV. Teachers influenced the accessibility and appearance of FV by deciding if and when the pupils could eat FV and whether FV were cut up. Different aspects of time acted as barriers for teachers’ implementation of the FV programme: time spent on having a FV break during lessons, time needed to prepare FV and time spent on pupils’ misbehaviour and not being able to handle getting FV. Teacher timing of cutting up and serving FV could turn into a barrier for pupils FV intake due to enzymatic browning. The appearance of FV was important for pupils’ intake, especially for girls. FV that did not appeal to the pupils e.g. had turned brown after being cut up were thrown around as a part of a game by the pupils, especially boys. Girls appreciated the social dimension of eating FV together to a larger extent than boys. Conclusions Limited time and pupils’ misbehaviour were barriers for teachers’ implementation. Establishing FV delivery to schools as a new routine challenged FV suppliers’ implementation. Food aesthetics were important for most pupils’ FV intake while the social dimension of eating FV together seemed more important to girls than boys. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11666034. PMID:24512278
Beck, Donald; Chamberlain, Ed
This report evaluates the Secondary Developmental Reading Program, a component of the Ohio Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund (DPPF), in terms of the 1982-83 program objectives. Twelve project reading teachers worked in eight Columbus senior high schools with 843 pupils scoring at or below the 36th percentile in reading achievement. A pilot project…
This paper describes and analyses two mathematics lessons, one with very young pupils, about subtraction, the other for lower secondary school pupils, about gradients [slopes] and graphs. The focus of the analysis is on teacher knowledge, and on the fundamental mathematical and mathematics-pedagogical prerequisites that underpin teaching these…
Ryan, James J.
This project was initiated (1) to determine the effects of three experimental "modern" programs in secondary mathematics--the Ball State, University of Illinois Committee on School Mathematics (UICSM), and the School Mathematics Study Group programs--on the attitudes and interests pupils develop toward mathematics and (2) to examine factors and…
Esnard, Catherine; Jouffre, Stephane
In this article, the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is transposed from a work context, in which it was developed, to secondary school. Two studies test the assumption of a social valorization of OCB declaration in a school context. In Study 1, 445 pupils (sixth-graders to ninth-graders) answered an OCB questionnaire,…
Downes, Thomas A.; Shah, Mona P.
In response to court rulings, states such as California and Washington have sought to promote greater equality in per pupil spending by shifting from local financing of public education to state financing. In this article, we investigate how constraints on local discretion resulting from this shift to state financing influence the level and growth…
Young gifted children perform in the top 10% in assessments of cognitive, social, expressive or other abilities. The study first considers why, and how, cognitively gifted pupils in particular may face enforced underachievement as early as in preschool. A longitudinal multilevel model is developed to represent various types of interaction between…
Six hundred and six essays written during 1969 and 1970 are compared in terms of the main themes or events described; the pupils individually chose to write on either the topic of What happened on Saturday night' or My Street.' (JM)
Drawing on a recent research project, this paper questions the literature's dominant representation of children with special educational needs (SEN) as holding negative perceptions of themselves and being socially isolated. The study examined dimensions of pupils' self-concept and their social position in their class network. Contrary to…
Elkington, Rob, Ed.
"Turning Pupils on to Learning" documents and makes visible how creative learning approaches can engage and motivate children in their learning. The book features six case studies of creative learning projects that cover the early years through to Key Stage 3 which are written by the teachers and creative practitioners involved. From the creation…
This chapter reports pilot work investigating the potential of Evidence-based Dialogue Mapping to scaffold young teenagers’ scientific argumentation. Our research objective is to better understand pupils’ usage of dialogue maps created in Compendium to write scientific explanations. The participants were 20 pupils, 12-13 years old, in a summer science course for “gifted and talented” children in the UK. Through qualitative analysis of three case studies, we investigate the value of dialogue mapping as a mediating tool in the scientific reasoning process during a set of learning activities. These activities were published in an online learning environment to foster collaborative learning. Pupils mapped their discussions in pairs, shared maps via the online forum and in plenary discussions, and wrote essays based on their dialogue maps. This study draws on these multiple data sources: pupils’ maps in Compendium, writings in science and reflective comments about the uses of mapping for writing. Our analysis highlights the diversity of ways, both successful and unsuccessful, in which dialogue mapping was used by these young teenagers.
Randler, Christoph; Osti, Janina; Hummel, Eberhard
A decline in biology interest has often been claimed but seldom with an empirically substantiation. This study was based on a sample of 3rd and 4th grade pupils within the same geographical area as Lowe's (1987, 1992) previous results from southwest Germany from the year 1983. We used a four-point Likert-type questionnaire to assess interest with…
Miller, Joyce; McKenna, Ursula
This paper builds on and develops the English findings of the qualitative study of European teenagers' perspectives on religion and religious education (RE), part of "Religion in Education: a Contribution to Dialogue or a Factor of Conflict in Transforming Societies of European Countries?" (REDCo) project. It uses data gathered from 27 pupils,…
Nanaimo School District #68 (British Columbia).
In August 1986, at the request of the Board of School Trustees of Nanaimo, British Columbia, a Secondary school Reorganization Task Force was established to develop an implementation plan for Grades 8-12 reorganization of four of the six secondary schools in School District 68. This report outlines how such reorganization would occur and what its…
Mok, Yan Fung; Kwong, Tsz Man
This study investigated the effects of school-level and individual-level factors influencing the participation and nonparticipation of secondary school teachers in continuing professional education (CPE). Researchers randomly selected 25 out of Hong Kong's 442 secondary schools to participate. All teachers in the schools were invited to complete a…
Bet McCallum; Eleanore Hargreaves; Caroline Gipps
Summaries are given of research on the learner's role in learning and pupils' attitudes to school and it is argued that few studies have collected the views of young children on learning. This provides the rationale for a pilot study which probed the perceptions of a sample of 44 Year 2 and Year 6 children in schools in and around
EU/ESO Workshop for European Physics Teachers A joint Workshop of the European Union (EU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will take place on November 25 - 30, 1994 under the auspices of the European Week for Scientific Culture. The Workshop is entitled "Astronomy: Science, Culture and Technology". It will bring together at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) more than 100 secondary school teachers and ministerial representatives from 17 European countries to discuss all aspects of this broad subject. It is the first and very visible part of a new, sustained effort to stimulate and modernize the teaching of the subjects of Astronomy and Astrophysics in European secondary schools. During the Workshop, the participants will experience the present state of this multi-disciplinary science in its most general context, that is as a human, long-term scientific and technological endeavour with great cultural implications. They will exchange views on how the various elements of Astronomy can best be utilized within the educational schemes of the individual countries, both as subjects in their own rights, and especially in support of many other items on the present teaching agenda. Why This Workshop ? Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Since innumerable millenia, it has continued to have a great influence on mankind's perception of itself and its surroundings. In our days, Astronomy and Astrophysics have become a central area of the natural sciences with many direct links to other sciences (e.g., many aspects of physics, mathematics, chemistry, the geo-sciences, etc.); it has an important cultural content (including our distant origins, the recognition of the location and restricted extent of our niche in space and time, cosmological considerations as well as philosophy in general); its recent successes are to a large amount dependent on advanced technologies and methodologies (e.g., optics, electronics, detector techniques at all wavelengths, computer techniques like image processing and the transfer, storage and retrieval of enormous data sets). Astronomy is undoubtedly one of the sciences that enjoys the most intense public interest and it also has a great media appeal, in part because of its exploratory ("adventurous") character and ability to produce spectacular images, cf. the recent, dramatic collision between a comet and Jupiter. Moreover, with the increasing public awareness of the Earth's fragile ecosystems and the obvious influence of external, i.e., "astronomical" forces (solar irradiation, variations in the Earth's orbit, collisions with other bodies, radiative effects from nearby cosmic explosions, etc.), this science has taken on a new significance in the minds of many people. Nevertheless, the teaching of Astronomy in European secondary schools has been the subject of many vacillations during the past decades. In several countries it is taught at a quite rudimentary and "old-fashioned" level, in others, some of its elements are included, but most often in a seemingly haphazard way; it is very rare, that an overall, holistic view is presented. This is despite the obvious fact that many areas of Astronomy are relatively easy to comprehend (at least qualitatively) and that this science is a most illustrative example of the interplay between science, culture and technology in all its historical and modern aspects. It moreover demonstrates the unity of science, gives a host of educationally useful examples of the scientific method, and may also serve as a natural stepping stone into a large number of other areas of human knowledge and activities. The Workshop Programme The Workshop will begin in the afternoon of Friday, November 25, when the participants gather at the ESO Headquarters in Garching near Munich. It ends after four busy days in the evening of Tuesday, November 29. To begin with, specialist speakers will provide reviews of some of the scientific subjects now at the forefront of Astronomy and Astrophysics, overviews of selected astronomical tech
Meijer, H. A. J.; Keij, M. A.; Goedhart, M. J.
Three years ago, we initiated a project in which pupils from secondary schools get hand-on experience with real CO2 measurements. Initially, three schools close to our university have been provided with a suitable CO2 sensor, installed on the roof of the school building, combined with basic meteorological instruments and appropriate software. All data are stored quasi on-line in a central database. Newly, the project has been extended, and integrated into the lager, EU-funded Carboschools+ programme. The database is now on-line through the carboschools website (www.carboschools.org), and is open to everyone. A continuous record is being built up, in which for instance day-night cycles (depending on the current weather), and wind-directional effects are clearly visible. Depending on the site of the school (large city, small city, rural) different aspects of the carbon cycle and the anthropogenic influences become apparent. At the time of writing, seven schools are on-line, and the number is expected to at least double in the coming year. At the schools, the sensor can eventually also be used to monitor CO2 in a number of environments, such as close to a busy road, in woods, meadows etc. For these measurement campaigns the system is made hand-held using a portable data-logger and read-out system. Educational material based on the schoolCO2web facilities is being developed by all partners participating in carboschools, and is shared wherever possible through the web platform. Additional to the educational benefits, the network is potentially valuable for carbon cycle research as well. Provided the calibration of the instruments can be improved and maintained, this schoolCO2web will become the densest CO2 observing network available, and will then be useful for e.g. validation of local scale models. Such use of data for scientific purposes is also relevant for the educational benefits, as it makes the efforts of the schools more rewarding for staff and pupils, and guarantees the long-term financing of the projects.
Ghodsi, S Zahra; Orawa, Helmut; Zouboulis, Christos C
A cross-sectional, community-based study was performed to determine the prevalence and severity of acne vulgaris in adolescents and of factors influencing the acne severity risk. The presence of acne was clinically determined and the secondary outcome measures of family acne history and the relation of acne to nutrition habits, emotional stress, menstruation, and smoking were recorded in a questionnaire. A representative sample of 1,002 pupils aged 16+/-0.9 years was enrolled. The overall acne prevalence was 93.3, 94.4% for boys and 92.0% for girls. Moderate to severe acne was observed in 14%. The prevalence of moderate to severe acne was 19.9% in pupils with and 9.8% in those without a family history of acne (P<0.0005; OR: 2.3). Acne severity risk increased with the number of family members with acne history. A mother with acne history influenced the severity of acne the most. Increasing pubertal age, seborrhea, the premenstrual phase, mental stress, and sweet and oily foods were recognized as risk factors for moderate to severe acne. In contrast, gender, spicy foods, and smoking were not associated with acne severity. In conclusion, acne is a common disorder in Iranian adolescents, with a low rate of moderate to severe acne. A genetic background is suggested, with mother's acne history being the most important prognostic factor. Skin quality and certain nutrition habits may affect acne severity. PMID:19282841
Rogers, Everett M.; And others
A study was conducted to determine the diffusion of educational innovations to urban and rural government secondary schools of Thailand and to teachers within these schools. Data were acquired by selecting 38 schools at random and having 629 teachers, 38 principals, and 66 changwad (provincial) education officers complete questionnaires. Some of…
Proulx, Viera K.
Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science In this paper we examine the current computer science curriculum in elementary schools and identify its shortcomings. We then presents a new approach to teaching computer science at the elementary school level. We
Mills, Thomas J.
Determined were the educational and professional backgrounds, and some aspects of the operational environment of teachers of secondary school science and mathematics (Grades 7-12) in the public and private schools of the United States during the school year 1960-61. A stratified random sampling method was used to ensure proportional representation…
This study investigates the extent to which transition programs are offered to students at international secondary schools. Components of professional development, orientation and departure programs, and transition support teams were examined. Participants included school administrators at 11 international schools across five continents. Findings…
Pearce, Michelle; Gray, Jan; Campbell-Evans, Glenda
Senate and State Government reviews into inclusion in Australian schools during the last two decades have revealed that the inclusion of students with disabilities in schools has proved challenging. A qualitative study involving interviews with 50 leaders in inclusive education suggest that currently the secondary school context is a barrier to…
McCray, Carlos R.; Wright, James V.; Beachum, Floyd D.
The purpose of this study was to investigate secondary school principals' perceptions of multicultural education. This survey research study used a four point Likert-type scale instrument. It sought to determine how such independent variables as school and community characteristics i.e., whether the school was located in an urban, suburban, or…
Williams, Gareth T.
The Laser Applications in Science Education (LASE) project at San Jose State University explores the use of HeNe and visible diode lasers as key teaching tools for an introductory, inquiry-based, precollege laboratory course in electro-optics. Since 1990, National Science Foundation grants and cost-sharing funds from industrial supporters have allowed over one hundred elementary, middle, and high school teachers to attend workshops designed to show the teachers how to present the course material later to their students as prescribed exercises. This experience then leads the students into open-ended 'menus' of further things to try, and perhaps publish their results in the project journal LASE LOG or compete in science fairs. This paper describes course content (set experiments and menus) ranging from laser surveying, refractive index measurements, fiber optics, lenses, scanning and chopping systems, irradiance measurements, polarization, diffraction, visible diode lase construction, and holography. The place of such a course, both potential and realized, in secondary education is also discussed.
Lawson, Michael A.
A comparison of United States secondary school science teachers who mentor high quality student research and teachers who do not mentor research was conducted using a demographic survey and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Form 5X. The major demographic difference between the two groups was a significantly greater number of years of teaching experience in the research group, a factor that correlated significantly with Extra Effort in students. Research group teachers self-reported higher mean scores than non-research group teachers on the five transformational leadership scales plus the transactional scale of Contingent Reward; however, a Multivariate Analysis of Variance found no significant difference between the groups. Independent t-tests found no significant difference between the groups based upon the remaining transactional scales. The research group was found to be significantly higher on the outcome variable of Extra Effort generated by students while the non-research group rated themselves significantly higher on Satisfaction of students. Transformational leadership in teachers should be addressed by future studies as a possible method of identifying motivational teachers.
Banerjee, Robin; Weare, Katherine; Farr, William
A programme of resources and activities relating to "Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning" (SEAL) has been rolled out nationally to primary and secondary schools in the UK, but we know little about how variations in the implementation of this work relate to key indicators of school success. In the present study, a team of experienced…
This study by Lio Moscardini of the University of Strathclyde shows how a group of 24 children in three Scottish primary schools for pupils with moderate learning difficulties responded to word problems following their teachers' introduction to the principles of Cognitively Guided Instruction (CGI). CGI is a professional development programme in…
State sector education policy in England aims to deliver raised standards of attainment and equality of educational opportunity by offering fair access to schools for all pupils from any background. During the lifetime of the previous Labour government (May 1997 to April 2010) a key policy tool used to tackle entrenched low levels of academic…
Humphrey, Neil; Symes, Wendy
Increasing numbers of pupils with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are attending mainstream schools. However, the available evidence suggests that they face a number of barriers that may prevent them from making the most of their education. In particular, recent research has suggested that they are more likely to be bullied, and typically report…
This article presents findings on pupil attitudes towards learning foreign languages in Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11) in primary schools in England. As a consequence of the National Languages Strategy, the University of Warwick was commissioned by the then Department for Education and Skills to undertake an evaluation between 2003 and 2005 of 19…
Belfi, Barbara; Goos, Mieke; Pinxten, Maarten; Verhaeghe, Jean Pierre; Gielen, Sarah; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan
This paper investigates how pupils' growth trajectories in three language domains (reading fluency, spelling, and reading comprehension) are related to their own socioeconomic and ethnic background and to the socioeconomic and ethnic composition of their primary school. Using multilevel piecewise growth curve analysis, the growth trajectories…
Korhonen, Maija; Komulainen, Katri; Raty, Hannu
The present study set out to explore how a group of Finnish school teachers constructs the meaning of entrepreneurship education and produces related characterizations of the abilities of the pupils in their interviews. In their discussions, the teachers deployed the discourses of "internal entrepreneurship" and "external entrepreneurship".…
Sebbane, M.; Remaoun, M.; Harchaoui, Y.; Abdelkader, A.; Karrou, M.
This study aims to explore the somatotype of Algerian high-school pupils of 16-19 years old. Various works in the field of sport have shown that athletic performance is a result of multiple factors that could be classified under psychological, physiological and physical. This last factor relates to the physical aspects. It gathers anthropometric…
Owate, C. N.; Iroha, Okpa
This study investigates the availability and utilization of school library resources by Secondary School (High School) Students. Eight Selected Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria were chosen based on their performance in external examinations and geographic locations. In carrying out the research, questionnaires were administered to both…
The effective, sustained implementation of literacy across the curriculum in secondary schools is still a relatively rare phenomenon. This is because such an approach to literacy requires secondary schools to undergo extensive and complex processes of school change, involving altering teachers' thinking, attitudes and behaviour in relation to…
Ashworth, Stephanie R.
The study examined the relationship between secondary public school principals' emotional intelligence and school performance. The correlational study employed an explanatory sequential mixed methods model. The non-probability sample consisted of 105 secondary public school principals in Texas. The emotional intelligence characteristics of…
Alker, Heather J.; Wang, Monica L.; Pbert, Lori; Thorsen, Nancy; Lemon, Stephenie C.
Background: Healthy, productive employees are an integral part of school health programs. There have been few assessments of work productivity among secondary school staff. This study describes the frequency of 3 common health risk factors--obesity, depressive symptoms, and smoking--and their impact on work productivity in secondary school…
Curcio, Claire Cole; Mathai, Christina; Roberts, Jane
Presents an evaluation of a secondary counseling program of a school district. Discusses steps involved in planning the evaluation and an analysis of counselor interviews, counselor log sheet data, principal interviews and parent focused group interviews. (Contains 20 references.) (GCP)
...AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS (FEMA REG. 5) Nondiscrimination in FEMA-Assisted Programs-General § 7.8 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...
...AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS (FEMA REG. 5) Nondiscrimination in FEMA-Assisted Programs-General § 7.8 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...
...AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY GENERAL NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY-ASSISTED PROGRAMS (FEMA REG. 5) Nondiscrimination in FEMA-Assisted Programs-General § 7.8 Elementary and secondary schools. The requirements...
Six secondary school teachers describe their most successful earth science investigations. They include various outdoor field activities, road-map reading skills, student-prepared and conducted investigations, and use of several materials for studying volcanoes. (JN)
Sprinthall, Norman A.
Suggests that psychology as a discipline in secondary schools should include, in addition to academic content, a focus on value development and psychological growth, thus balancing the intellectual and experiential realms. (Author/GC)
Robbins, Mandy; Francis, Leslie J.
This study draws together two research traditions: John Greer's pioneering research among pupils in Protestant and Catholic schools in Northern Ireland and Leslie J. Francis's research concerning teenage religion and values in England and Wales. A sample of 1,585 13- to 15-year-old male pupils attending Catholic schools (n = 712) and Protestant…
This article examines the demands that pupils with dyspraxia may face when engaging with the secondary art and design curriculum in a mainstream secondary school. It explores the possibility that there is an exclusive approach to art and design, prioritising a formalist approach to the teaching of specific skills and mastery of techniques, and…
Butler, R; Orion, R
Both dispositional and attributional perspectives on perceptions of control assume that people have some idea of outcome determinants. This, however, may not always be so. This study tested the hypothesis that pupils do not always understand the determinants of their learning outcomes, and that such a sense of unknown control will be associated with poor achievement in school. The study was unusual in that it tapped both dispositional control perceptions, using the new MMPCC, and causal attributions for success and failure in a school examination. Subjects were 186 10-year-old Israeli pupils of heterogeneous SES. Results confirmed that unknown control emerged as a distinct dimension of perceived control in both dispositional and attributional measures, and was consistently associated with poor achievement in school. Attributions of test outcomes to unknown causes were strongly related to dispositional unknown control, and were not affected by success or failure. In contrast, dispositional and attributional internality were unrelated, and did not predict achievement. It is argued that internal beliefs reflect internalised social-educational norms, and as a result have less impact on motivation than perceptions of unknown control. The implications of these findings for educational practice and motivational interventions are discussed. PMID:2344434
Grosse, Christine Uber
Investigation of the extent to which the 20 most populous states had secondary school programs featuring foreign language for business covered state policies, curriculum guides, teachers, and courses. Results, which indicated that few states offer foreign language for business at the secondary level, are presented for each state. (CB)
Howe, Alan, Ed.; Richards, Val, Ed.
The transition from primary to secondary school can often be a difficult time for children, and managing the transition smoothly has posed a problem for teachers at both upper primary and lower secondary level. At a time when "childhood" recedes and "adulthood" beckons, the inequalities between individual children can widen, and meeting the needs…
Becker, James M.; East, Maurice A.
Globalized or "spaceship earth" approaches in secondary school curricula are reviewed in this booklet which is the second in a series of four. SO 003 090 is an abstract of the state of the art review of the globalized curriculum in the elementary grades. Perspectives on social education are discussed. A survey of international studies in secondary…
Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon
Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary…
Cranston School Dept., RI.
The Cranston (Rhode Island) Secondary School Curriculum Guides are intended to serve as a resource to teachers, students, department heads, guidance personnel, curriculum planners, and anyone else involved in curriculum planning. The guides are also useful for describing and communicating secondary curriculum goals to the public when such a need…
Fernandez-Novell, Josep M.; Gomis, Roger R.; Cid, Emili; Barbera, Albert; Guinovart, Joan J.
This manuscript describes a new strategy for introducing secondary school students to biochemistry. To bridge the gap between secondary education and the university, the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona, in collaboration with the SEBBM (The Spanish Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology),…
Larson, John C.; Allen, Brenda A.
This report is the fifth in a series of studies on 14 elementary magnet schools in the Montgomery County Public Schools in Maryland. The focus is over a three-year period from 1983 through the 1985-86 school year. Ten of the elementary schools are from the Montgomery Blair High School area and four are in the Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School area.…
Jimmefors, Alexander; Archer, Trevor; Ewalds-Kvist, Béatrice
Background. Illicit drug use influences people’s lives and elicits unwanted behaviour. Current research shows that there is an increase in young people’s drug use in Sweden. The aim was to investigate Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Risk and protective factors relative to drug use were also a focus of interest. Method. High school pupils (n = 146) aged 17–21 years, responded to the Adolescent Health and Development Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and Knowledge, and the Attitudes and Beliefs. Direct logistic, multiple regression analyses, and Multivariate Analysis of Variance were used to analyze the data. Results. Positive Attitudes towards drugs were predicted by risk factors (odds ratio = 37.31) and gender (odds ratio = .32). Risk factors (odds ratio = 46.89), positive attitudes towards drugs (odds ratio = 4.63), and impulsiveness (odds ratio = 1.11) predicted drug usage. Risk factors dimensions Family, Friends and Individual Characteristic were positively related to impulsiveness among drug users. Moreover, although boys reported using drugs to a greater extent, girls expressed more positive attitude towards drugs and even reported more impulsiveness than boys. Conclusion. This study reinforces the notion that research ought to focus on gender differences relative to pro-drug attitudes along with testing for differences in the predictors of girls’ and boys’ delinquency and impulsiveness. Positive attitudes towards drugs among adolescents seem to be part of a vicious circle including risk factors, such as friendly drug environments (e.g., friends who use drugs) and unsupportive family environments, individual characteristics, and impulsiveness. PMID:24949233
Pang, Nicholas Sun Keung
An attempt was made to formulate a theoretical framework of leadership forces in school organisations, which includes bureaucratic linkage, cultural linkage, tight coupling and loose coupling. Two instruments, the School Values Inventory (SVI) and the Teachers' School Life Questionnaire (TSLQ), were created and developed for this study to assess…
This article explores the development of sustainability at Ringwood School in Hampshire between 2005 and 2010 using two different routes. The author, herself a scientist and sustainability coordinator at the school, shows how the school has explored a range of initiatives, starting with those most straightforward for a biologist and culminating in…
Kalus, Janet Marie Wolcott
It was the intent of this study to examine student discipline problems in twenty-one high schools on the island of Oahu in Hawaii. Literature was reviewed concerning the youth revolution as it affects students in Hawaiian public schools and concerning discipline problems unique to Hawaiian public schools. Data were collected through a…
Carolyn Fried Sutton
The focus of this project is a course in family psychology for high school juniors and seniors. The teaching of psychology in the high school can trace its origins back over a century and has become increasingly widespread over the past several decades. Psychology as a subject is now offered in the majority of high schools. This has been recognized
To evaluate pupil achievement in the area of elementary school social studies, selected evaluation techniques are discussed and practical suggestions for implementation are offered. The discussed techniques include: (1) work samples, (2) rating scales, (3) checklists, (4) teacher observation, (5) sociometric devices, (6) anecdotal records, (7)…
York County Board of Education, Aurora (Ontario).
The first phase of a study to assess York County's new open plan schools is reported in this document. The study focused on the behavioral outcomes for students exposed to the open plan schools' programs. Three control county elementary schools were matched with the four open plan schools on age, socioeconomic conditions in attendance areas, and…
It is a recurring debate many people have probably been engaged in: why do pupils appear to under-perform in the lower years of secondary school? In the latest in their "Perspectives on education" series, "Primary-secondary transfer in science" (Wellcome Trust, 2009), the Wellcome Trust addresses this problematic area with respect to UK science…
Cooper, Mick; Hough, Mike; Loynd, Claire
This paper presents the findings of two independent questionnaire studies that examined Scottish secondary school teachers' attitudes towards, and conceptualisation of, school counselling. Seventy-one teachers in a first study, and 33 teachers in a second study, responded to a range of qualitative and quantitative response-format questions that…
Boyle, Ricki M.
Despite the volumes of research on peer-to-peer bullying little research has been done regarding teacher to student bullying. Educational professionals recognize that bullying and intimidation have a negative effect on school climate. The purpose of the study was to explore the prevalence of teacher to student bullying in secondary schools from…