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1

Perspectives of pupils, parents, and teachers on mental health problems among Vietnamese secondary school pupils  

PubMed Central

Background Secondary school can be a stressful period for adolescents, having to cope with many life changes. Very little research has been conducted on the mental health status of secondary school pupils in South East Asian countries, such as Vietnam. The study aimed to explore perceptions of mental health status, risk factors for mental health problems and strategies to improve mental health among Vietnamese secondary school students. Methods A qualitative design was used to address the main study question including: six in-depth interviews conducted with professionals (with two researchers, two psychiatrists, and two secondary school teachers) to learn about their experience of mental health problems among secondary school pupils; 13 focus group discussions (four with teachers, four with parents, and five with pupils); and 10 individual in-depth interviews with pupils who did not take part in the FGDs, to reflect on the collected data and to deepen the authors’ understanding. All interviews and FGDs were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed for the identification of emerging issues using qualitative techniques of progressive coding, analytic memoing and ongoing comparison. Results Our study confirms the need to pay attention to mental health of pupils in Vietnam. Depression, anxiety, stress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts were seen as major problems by all stakeholders. Mental health problems were mainly associated with academic pressure, resulting from an overloaded curriculum and pressure from teachers and parents to succeed. The study found that pupils’ mental health demands interventions at many levels, including at the level of government (Ministry of Education and Training), schools, communities, families and pupils themselves. Conclusions Vietnamese secondary school pupils feel that their mental health status is poor, because of many risk factors in their learning and living environment. The need now is to investigate further to identify and apply strategies to improve students’ mental health.

2013-01-01

2

School and pupil effects on secondary pupils' feelings of safety in school, around school, and at home.  

PubMed

In line with fear of crime research, schools should be secure places where pupils feel safe in order to function well. Various types of risk and promotive variables at school and pupil level may differently influence a pupil's feelings of safety in school, the school surroundings, and at home. The aim is to elaborate and test a theoretical two-level model on risk and promotive variables by using national data from an Internet-based survey in all types of Dutch secondary education. The cross-sectional research involves 71,560 pupils from 185 schools. Confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel logistic regression analysis including latent variables are used to analyze the data. The results demonstrate that school size, pupil attainment level in education, and intactness of a pupil's family have positive effects on a pupil's feelings of safety in and around school and at home; overall negative effects concern the school's curricular differentiation and a pupil's playing truant and not feeling most at home in the Netherlands. A school's social, teaching, and instructional qualities and a pupil's being older, being a boy, and being baptized positively affect the feelings of safety in and around school. A school's safety policy and rules of conduct have no effects. Attending a church or mosque has negative effects on a pupil's feelings of safety around school and at home. The findings confirm part of the two-level model. The Internet-based data collection and feedback procedure enable each school to longitudinally assess and evaluate own results at school level; in addition, cross-sectional comparison of school results with national benchmarks is possible. PMID:23248356

Mooij, Ton; Fettelaar, Daan

2013-04-01

3

Truancy in Secondary School Pupils: Prevalence, Trajectories and Pupil Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School absenteeism and particularly unauthorized absenteeism or truancy has been the focus of a number of, so far largely unsuccessful, recent policy initiatives. The paper draws upon two sources of data, the British Household Panel Survey and detailed interviews with a group of persistent truants, to consider the extent, consequences and…

Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul

2006-01-01

4

Cyberbullying: Its Nature and Impact in Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of…

Smith, Peter K.; Mahdavi, Jess; Carvalho, Manuel; Fisher, Sonja; Russell, Shanette; Tippett, Neil

2008-01-01

5

School Factors Associated with Mainstream Progress in Secondary Education for Included Pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research examined the factors promoting inclusion of young people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in mainstream secondary schools, and noted high levels of behavioral difficulties in these pupils. The size of the secondary school, and the class size, impacted positively on the pupils with Autism, and the number of other pupils with…

Osborne, Lisa A.; Reed, Phil

2011-01-01

6

School factors associated with mainstream progress in secondary education for included pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examined the factors promoting inclusion of young people with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in mainstream secondary schools, and noted high levels of behavioral difficulties in these pupils. The size of the secondary school, and the class size, impacted positively on the pupils with Autism, and the number of other pupils with Special Educational Needs (SEN) statements and the

Lisa A. Osborne; Phil Reed

2011-01-01

7

The Manchester Color Wheel: validation in secondary school pupils  

PubMed Central

Background As part of our research programme into facilitating improved ways of communicating with patients, especially about more sensitive clinical issues, we have been investigating whether there are any non-verbal methods that might aid this process. One such approach is to ask patients to choose a color in response to a particular question, for instance about health or psychological status, and for this purpose we developed the Manchester Color Wheel (MCW). This instrument consists of positive, neutral and negative colors and its validation in normal adults and those with anxiety or depression showed that it is responsive to change and reproducible. It also has the capacity to identify a positive frame of mind. We concluded that it might be a particularly useful instrument in adolescents and therefore this study aimed to validate it in a secondary school. Methods 620 pupils (aged 11–17?years, mean age 14.0?years, 298 (48.1%) males, 322 (51.9%) females) at Sale Grammar School in Greater Manchester were asked to relate their mood to a MCW color and also complete the Hospital Anxiety Depression (HAD) questionnaire. To give these pupils an experience in science, 197 were divided into four subgroups for an ‘experiment’ to ascertain whether, compared to controls, a change in mood color choice could be induced by participation in sport, music or art activities. Results Although mood color and HAD depression score are unlikely to be measuring exactly the same psychological state, a negative mood color was chosen by 62.5% of HAD depressed compared to only 14.5% of HAD normal pupils (p?pupils (p?

2012-01-01

8

Pupil Mobility, Choice and the Secondary School Market: Assumptions and Realities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines assumptions which underpin the promotion of a quasi-market in the English secondary school system in light of research findings on pupil mobility--that is, children joining and leaving schools at non-standard times. It draws principally on research funded by the Nuffield Foundation and reports findings of a study of pupil

Dobson, Janet

2008-01-01

9

Multi-level aspects of social cohesion of secondary schools and pupils' feelings of safety.  

PubMed

BACKGROUND. School safety and corresponding feelings of both pupils and school staff are beginning to receive more and more attention. The social cohesion characteristics of a school may be useful in promoting feelings of safety, particularly in pupils. AIMS. To conceptualize theoretically, and check empirically a two-level model of social cohesion between and within schools, in order to explain a pupil's feelings of safety at school. SAMPLES. Data were collected aided by a national Dutch survey in secondary education carried out via the Internet. In 2008, digital questionnaires were completed by about 78,800 pupils, 6,200 teachers and educational support staff, and 600 school managers. METHODS. Data were checked for reliability and representativity. Social cohesion was indicated by self-reported measures of individual pupils and by aggregating scale and item scores of school managers, teachers, and other support staff within schools. Multi-level analysis using individual pupil data and school-level data was performed using MLwiN. RESULTS. A pupil's age, educational attainment level, experience of mild physical violence, prosocial rules of conduct and joint control of these rules, and school measures against playing truant, show positive influences on a pupil's feelings of safety at school. Negative influences are exerted by not feeling most at home in The Netherlands, peers taking drugs and weapons into school, and by experiencing social violence, severe physical violence, and sexual violence. Negative school effects exist simultaneously in severe physical violence experienced by teachers and other staff, and in curriculum differentiation applied by teachers and other staff; a positive school effect is school size. Some interaction effects between pupil and school-level variables were explored. CONCLUSIONS. The variance at school level is relatively low compared with the variance at pupil level. However, a much higher percentage of variance at school level than at pupil level is explained with respect to the pupils' feelings of safety at school. The resulting two-level model also reflects the streaming of pupils in Dutch secondary schools. To improve school safety, the national results emphasize the need to enhance prosocial behaviour rules and to enhance the shared control of these rules between teachers and pupils. They also emphasize the need for the school to take measures that prevent truancy and redefine curriculum differentiation procedures. National educational policy and research can combine efforts to assist schools in developing reliable and valid procedures to increase effectively safety in and around schools. PMID:21770911

Mooij, Ton; Smeets, Ed; de Wit, Wouter

2011-09-01

10

Pupil Clustering in English Secondary Schools: One Pattern or Several?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous international work has shown that clustering pupils with similar characteristics in particular schools yields no clear academic benefit, and can be disadvantageous both socially and personally. Understanding how and why this clustering happens, and how it may be reduced, is therefore important for policy. Yet previous work has tended to…

Gorard, Stephen; Cheng, Shou Chen

2011-01-01

11

Truancy, Alcohol Use and Alcohol-Related Problems in Secondary School Pupils in Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses on a vulnerable group of pupils often missed by mainstream school surveys. It explores alcohol use and alcohol-related problems for a sample of truants of secondary school age, comparing behaviours with a school-based sample from the same geographical area. Analyses are based on a survey among truants (n = 107) and a school

Mounteney, J.; Haugland, S.; Skutle, A.

2010-01-01

12

Pupil Vulnerability and School Exclusion: Developing Responsive Pastoral Policies and Practices in Secondary Education in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How to best support pupils who are considered to be in danger of temporary or permanent exclusion from secondary school is an issue that is currently exercising policy makers, school managers and teachers in the UK. Using primary research data gained from interviews with secondary pupils, school managers and behaviour support staff in a group of…

Tucker, Stanley

2013-01-01

13

Factors Influencing Pupils' Acceptance of an E-Learning System for Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aims at investigating which factors are significant for pupils' acceptance of an E-Learning system introduced into secondary schools. The E-Learning system consisted of interactive learning modules for several school subjects and a Learning Management System (LMS). Research on IT acceptance and attitudes guided the specification…

Friedrich, Helmut Felix; Hron, Aemilian

2010-01-01

14

Neuropsychological consequences of volatile substance abuse: a population based study of secondary school pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVE--To examine the effects of volatile substance abuse on neuropsychological functioning. DESIGN--A sample of index children and matched controls were identified by a two stage procedure. Firstly, over 5000 secondary school pupils completed a screening questionnaire, and, secondly, a sample of those who acknowledged volatile substance abuse and a matched sample of those who denied the practice were assessed in

O. Chadwick; R. Anderson; M. Bland; J. Ramsey

1989-01-01

15

Stick to Your Own Kind: Pupils' Experiences of Identity and Diversity in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A national emphasis in Britain on community cohesion and citizenship has highlighted the need to explore understandings of difference within and between communities, particularly in school contexts. This paper reports on the first phase of a larger project exploring pupils' understandings and experiences of identity and diversity within secondary

Rhamie, Jasmine; Bhopal, Kalwant; Bhatti, Ghazala

2012-01-01

16

"Make Me Normal": The Views and Experiences of Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum in Mainstream Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Facilitating the learning and participation of pupils with Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism (herein referred to as AS) in mainstream schools is complex and poorly understood. We report on a small-scale qualitative study of the views and experiences of 20 such pupils drawn from four secondary schools in north-west England. Data were…

Humphrey, Neil; Lewis, Sarah

2008-01-01

17

The Influence of Gender, Grade Level and Favourite Subject on Czech Lower Secondary School Pupils' Perception of Geography  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Geography is an important school subject that brings pupils' description and explanation of social, economic and/or political aspects of the changing world. It has been affirmed that the interest in a subject depends on the attitude to this subject. This study investigates Czech lower secondary school pupils' perception of geography. The research…

Kubiatko, Milan; Janko, Tomas; Mrazkova, Katerina

2012-01-01

18

The inclusion of pupils with special educational needs in secondary school physical education  

Microsoft Academic Search

In light of the demands of the revised National Curriculum for Physical Education in England (DfEE\\/QCA, 1999) and the Special Educational Needs and Disability Discrimination Act (DfES, 2001a), this paper presents some preliminary observations on how PE teachers endeavour to include pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in secondary school physical education (PE). Findings from a small-scale study revealed that

Andrew Smith

2004-01-01

19

Inclusive Education for Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Secondary Mainstream Schools: Teacher Attitudes, Experience and Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current study was to examine the experience, attitudes and knowledge of school staff in relation to inclusive education for pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) in mainstream secondary schools. Fifty-three participants from 11 secondary schools in the north-west of England completed a survey that covered socio-demographic…

Humphrey, Neil; Symes, Wendy

2013-01-01

20

Knowledge about AIDS and self-reported behaviour among Zimbabwean secondary school pupils.  

PubMed

Knowledge about AIDS and self-reported sexual behaviour was studied among 1532 (893 male, 633 female) Zimbabwean secondary school pupils drawn from 12 schools. Most subjects knew that AIDS is fatal and incurable. However, over 40% of subjects believed that most people with AIDS in Africa are homosexual. Over 40% of respondents did not know that many HIV seropositive individuals look healthy. Nearly 40% of participants believed that HIV can be contracted from toilet seats and 54% of subjects believed that mosquitos can transmit HIV. Pupils from homes in urban areas were better informed about AIDS than were those from homes in rural areas. Forty-six percent of males and nearly 3% of females were reportedly sexually experienced. It is suggested that female under-reporting of sexual activity occurred. Nearly 16% of males reported coital experience with a prostitute. The implications of these findings for future AIDS awareness campaigns in Zimbabwe are considered. PMID:2711230

Wilson, D; Greenspan, R; Wilson, C

1989-01-01

21

Greek Mainstream Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions of Inclusive Education and of Having Pupils with Complex Learning Disabilities in the Classroom/School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine Greek mainstream secondary school teachers' perceptions of inclusive education and of having pupils with complex learning disabilities (cLD) in the classroom or school. Participants included 138 Greek mainstream secondary school teachers working in inclusive state schools in northern Greece. Findings…

Coutsocostas, Georgia-Gloria; Alborz, Alison

2010-01-01

22

The Effect of Changes in Published Secondary School Admissions on Pupil Composition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data from three school admissions surveys and the National Pupil Database are combined to investigate whether changes to the School Admissions Code appear to have altered the published admissions policies and the social composition of particular schools. We show that the 2003 and 2007 School Admissions Codes appear to have been at least in part…

Allen, Rebecca; Coldron, John; West, Anne

2012-01-01

23

Secondary Transition Experiences for Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Conditions (ASCs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explored the views and experiences of key stakeholders regarding inclusion into secondary phase schooling for pupils with Autistic Spectrum Conditions (ASCs). Six Year 6 pupils met the criteria for admission to a mainstream secondary school with attached specialist provision for ASCs. Three pupils transferred to this school, whilst…

Dann, Rachel

2011-01-01

24

Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary Pupils in Northern England: Are the Predictors at the Individual, School or Neighbourhood Level?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the Outgroup Prejudice Index (see "Research in Education," 83, 2010) to see what factors best predict levels of outgroup prejudice among adolescents living in northern England. A sample of 2,502 eleven- to sixteen-year-old secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire that included measures of outgroup prejudice,…

Brockett, Adrian; Wicker, Kate

2012-01-01

25

Asthma prevalence, knowledge, and perceptions among secondary school pupils in rural and urban coastal districts in Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Asthma is a common chronic disease of childhood that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among secondary school pupils in urban and rural areas of coast districts of Tanzania. The study also aimed to describe pupils’ perception towards asthma, and to assess their knowledge on symptoms, triggers, and treatment of asthma. Methods A total of 610 pupils from Ilala district and 619 pupils from Bagamoyo district formed the urban and rural groups, respectively. Using a modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire, a history of “diagnosed” asthma or the presence of a wheeze in the previous 12 months was obtained from all the studied pupils, along with documentation of their perceptions regarding asthma. Pupils without asthma or wheeze in the prior 12 months were subsequently selected and underwent a free running exercise testing. A???20% decrease in the post-exercise Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) values was the criterion for diagnosing exercise-induced asthma. Results The mean age of participants was 16.8 (±1.8) years. The prevalence of wheeze in the past 12 months was 12.1% in Bagamoyo district and 23.1% in Ilala district (p?pupils in Ilala and Bagamoyo districts, respectively (p?pupils. Non-asthmatic pupils feared sleeping, playing, and eating with their asthmatic peers. Conclusion The prevalence rates of self-reported asthma, wheezing in the past 12 months, and exercise-induced asthma were significantly higher among urban than rural pupils. Although bronchial asthma is a common disease, pupils’ perceptions about asthma were associated with fear of contact with their asthmatic peers in both rural and urban schools.

2014-01-01

26

Pupil and Staff Perceptions of Bullying in Secondary Schools: Comparing Behavioural Definitions and Their Perceived Seriousness  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: How bullying is understood by members of the school community is important because differences in definitions could result in an inconsistent approach and affect the success of intervention work. Research evidence suggests that pupils and teachers may have different interpretations of what constitutes bullying. This evidence has,…

Maunder, Rachel E.; Harrop, Alex; Tattersall, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

27

Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils  

PubMed Central

Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions) where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination) on suicide-risk is understudied. Our aim is to explore if school context is associated with rates of attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and self-harm at age 19, adjusting for confounders. Methods A longitudinal school-based survey of 1698 young people surveyed when aged 11, (primary school), 15 (secondary school) and in early adulthood (age 19). Participants provided data about attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and deliberate self-harm at 19. In addition, data were collected about mental health at age 11, social background (gender, religion, etc.), and at age 15, perception of local area (e.g. neighbourhood cohesion, safety/civility and facilities), school connectedness (school engagement, involvement, etc.) and school context (size, denomination, etc.). A dummy variable was created indicating a religious 'mismatch', where pupils held a different faith from their school denomination. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression. Results After adjustment for confounders, pupils attempted suicide, suicide-risk and self-harm were all more likely among pupils with low school engagement (15-18% increase in odds for each SD change in engagement). While holding Catholic religious beliefs was protective, attending a Catholic school was a risk factor for suicidal behaviours. This pattern was explained by religious 'mismatch': pupils of a different religion from their school were approximately 2-4 times more likely to attempt suicide, be a suicide-risk or self-harm. Conclusions With several caveats, we found support for the importance of school context for suicidality and self-harm. School policies promoting school connectedness are uncontroversial. Devising a policy to reduce risks to pupils holding a different faith from that of their school may be more problematic.

2011-01-01

28

Academic Outcomes in School Classes with Markedly Disruptive Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research is to investigate the degree to which average academic outcomes in secondary school classes are associated with the inclusion of markedly disruptive pupils. Findings are based on two separate studies among pupils in Norwegian secondary schools. The first study included a relatively large sample of 2,332 pupils from…

Bru, Edvin

2009-01-01

29

Pupils and School History in France and Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes five studies, based on questionnaires and interviews with pupils in primary and lower secondary schools, in France and in Switzerland, over the past two decades. It explores the ways in which pupils' attitudes to history change during the transition between primary and secondary school, and investigates pupils' views about the…

Audigier, Francois; Fink, Nadine

2010-01-01

30

The Use of Progressive Relaxation and Hypnosis in Counselling Secondary-School Pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Counselling methods involving progressive relaxation and hypnosis are sometimes regarded as being mysterious and alarmingly innovatory, particularly within the context of the secondary-school system. The implications for counselling practice of the use of such methods are considered. Some ways in which they have been used to help young people of secondary-school age are outlined. A number of illustrative case-studies are

David Cowell; Julie Franklin

1983-01-01

31

Assessment of Pupils' Practical Work in Technical/Practical Subjects in Secondary Schools in Zimbabwe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A descriptive study outlined the approaches used in the assessment of student performance in technical/practical subjects (e.g., agriculture, home economics, and woodworking) in Zimbabwe secondary schools. Eight schools participated in the study. Data on techniques used to evaluate student performance were collected by questionnaires received from…

Chinyamunzore, N. Nelson

32

The Efficacy of CWPT Used in Secondary Alternative School Classrooms with Small Teacher/Pupil Ratios and Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) is an evidence-based instructional strategy effective with students with and without disabilities. The evidence for efficacy is strong with respect to students in elementary schools learning basic academic skills in classrooms with large teacher-pupil ratios, and relatively less strong for students in secondary

Bowman-Perrott, Lisa J.; Greenwood, Charles R.; Tapia, Yolanda

2007-01-01

33

National Campaign Effects on Secondary Pupils' Bullying and Violence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on pupils' bullying (1991) and violence (1993) motivated the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science to initiate a national campaign on school safety. The government campaign was undertaken from 1995 to 2000. Aim: To test for differences in secondary pupils' bullying and violence before and after the campaign while…

Mooij, Ton

2005-01-01

34

The Efficacy of CWPT Used in Secondary Alternative School Classrooms with Small Teacher\\/Pupil Ratios and Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) is an evidence-based instructional strategy effective with students with and without disabilities. The evidence for efficacy is strong with respect to students in elementary schools learning basic academic skills in classrooms with large teacher-pupil ratios, and relatively less strong for students in secondary schools learning academic content skills in general education classrooms. Largely unknown, however, is

Lisa J. Bowman-Perrott; Charles R. Greenwood; Yolanda. Tapia

2007-01-01

35

The Relationships Among Pupil Control Ideology, Observed Behavior and Discipline Referrals of Public Secondary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rationale for the study of relationships between teacher-professed control ideology and their leader behavior, as observed by their pupils, was constructed from findings and conceptual assertions of Halpin, Winer, and Willower. Student discipline referral sheets were content-analyzed according to misbehavior categories. Significant ideological…

Ferguson, Jon S.; Miskel, Cecil G.

36

The Deployment, Training and Teacher Relationships of Teaching Assistants Supporting Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Mainstream Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing numbers of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are attending mainstream schools, and increasing numbers of additional staff are being deployed to support them. Recent research has cast doubt on the effectiveness of this support, by highlighting issues relating to deployment and training, and to relationships with class teachers.…

Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil

2011-01-01

37

EDUCATING GIFTED PUPILS IN REGULAR SCHOOLS: INTRACLASS DIFFERENTIATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

After introducing a differentiation model for the benefit of gifted pupils in regular schools, this article discusses some important findings of the research project “High giftedness in education”, carried out at the ISOR, the Educational Research Department at the University of Utrecht. Data from survey research indicate what special provision has been made for gifted pupils in secondary schools in

W. van Dijk; W. A. M. Kok; G. T. M. Poorthuis

1991-01-01

38

Disciplinary Technologies and Pupil Redisposition: School Equipment and Homework Diaries  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores disciplinary technologies and pupil redisposition through school and teacher focus on school equipment and homework diaries. During our field research in two contrasting secondary schools, we experienced the importance of missing school equipment to teacher and school control. We also concluded that forgotten or missing school

Zaborowski, Katrin U.; Breidenstein, Georg

2011-01-01

39

Invisible Care? The Role of Librarians in Caring for the "Whole Pupil" in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper draws on the "accidental" results of a UK national survey of school libraries to explore how school librarians can contribute to student pastoral care. Although the survey did not ask specific questions about student social development, responding librarians identified three key aspects of their contribution: support for learning;…

Shaper, Sue; Streatfield, David

2012-01-01

40

Positive Attendance for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Positive Attendance for Secondary Schools (PASS) is established to discourage pupils from absenting themselves from high school classes and/or frequently reporting late to class in violation of state law and school policies. This program shall be for pupils who exceed six truancies and/or unexcused…

Bristow, Richard O.

41

Development of a Questionnaire to Measure Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes to Computers and Robots.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The development, testing, and characteristics of an instrument--Computers and Robots Attitude Questionnaire--that can be used to measure the attitudes of secondary students towards computers and robots are described. Individual questionnaire items are largely content-free and may be answered by students with no specialist knowledge of…

Moore, J. L.

1985-01-01

42

The Effect of Month of Birth on the Attainments of Primary and Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous research has produced conflicting results regarding the effects of season of birth and age-position on cognitive attainments. In Northern Ireland the school year divides the summer season into two providing an opportunity to evaluate the relative contribution of season of birth and age-position effects. Aims: To investigate…

McPhillips, Martin; Jordan-Black, Julie-Anne

2009-01-01

43

Assessing Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary School Pupils in Northern England: Introducing the Outgroup Prejudice Index  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Outgroup Prejudice Index is a six-item scale that uses social distance to assess prejudice towards ethnic and religious out groups among Asians and whites. It was developed among a sample of 2,982 teenagers attending schools in northern England who indicated their religion as "Muslim", "Christian" or "No religion". The scale demonstrated…

Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew; Francis, Leslie J.

2010-01-01

44

What Does "Inclusion" Mean for Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum in Mainstream Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade has seen a groundswell of developments in educational policy in the UK relating to inclusive education for students with special educational needs (SEN). However, whether government policy has been fully implemented in schools remains a concern. The experience of students with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) provides an…

Humphrey, Neil; Lewis, Sarah

2008-01-01

45

Pupils' Views on School Transportation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main question that the present study attempted to throw some light upon is whether or not an organziation that forces substantial numbers of rural pupils to travel 10-15 kilometers or more twice a day is acting contradictory to the aim of making school life enjoyable. (Author/RK)

Solstad, Karl Johan

1975-01-01

46

An Evaluation of the Use of the PLUS Model To Develop Pupils' Information Skills in a Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of models of information skills focuses on an evaluation of the use of the PLUS (Purpose, Location, Use, and Self-Evaluation) model in a secondary school physics class in England. Topics include constructivism; mental models; brainstorming; concept-mapping; student opinions; teacher opinions; and the school librarian's perspective.…

Herring, James E.; Tarter, Anne-Marie; Naylor, Simon

2002-01-01

47

Cochlear Implanted Pupils in Scottish Schools: 4-Year School Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Achievements of Deaf Pupils in Scotland (ADPS) project has been tracking the educational attainment of deaf pupils in Scotland's schools since 2000. At the time of writing, the database contains records for 1,752 deaf pupils (2000--2005). Here 4-year aggregate educational attainment data are reported for a subset of 152 school-aged deaf pupils

Thoutenhoofd, Ernst

2006-01-01

48

Pupils as Consumers of School Psychological Services.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the results of an empirical investigation studying pupils' views of the work of school psychologists in Estonia. Pupils who had visited psychologists considered themselves to be less successful in school, to have more conflicts with parents, and to be more frequently in a bad mood. The work of school psychologists was evaluated…

Kikas, Eve

2003-01-01

49

Using Lesson Study to Develop Teaching Approaches for Secondary School Pupils with Moderate Learning Difficulties: Teachers' Concepts, Attitudes and Pedagogic Strategies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the findings from a project focused on teaching secondary aged pupils with moderate learning difficulties (MLD) using Lesson Study methodology--a collaborative approach for teachers to assess, evaluate and plan a sequence of lessons that focuses on the learning of one to two focus pupils identified as having MLD. The research…

Ylonen, Annamari; Norwich, Brahm

2012-01-01

50

The Meaning of Life among Secondary School Pupils. A Theoretical Framework and Some Initial Results. Research Bulletin 65.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This monograph reports on an empirical survey of 394 secondary school students investigating their desire to seek the meaning of their own lives. The theoretical framework upon which the study was based is that of Viktor E. Frankl's hypotheses that a human being wants to seek the meaning in his own life. The questionnaire consisted of tests…

Niemi, Hannele

51

An Emerging Program for Slow Learning Pupils in the Warwick Public Schools. Volume II, Guidelines for the Secondary Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a survey to determine the number of slow learners in the Warwick, Rhode Island, public schools are presented; guidelines are given for the emerging secondary program (grades 7 to 12). The slow learner is defined; and information is given concerning characteristics, identification, testing, placement, guidance and counseling, and…

Warwick School District, RI.

52

Exploring pupils' perceptions of teacher racism in their context: A case study of Turkish and Belgian vocational education pupils in a Belgian school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish?speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic interactionist framework is employed to explore how pupils define teacher racism and

Peter A. J. Stevens

2008-01-01

53

Summer Mathematics Remediation for Incoming Pupils; 1975 High School Umbrella Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funded under Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I, the Summer Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975 High School Umbrella #2 program (RIP) was designed to provide remedial instruction in mathematics to incoming ninth and tenth grade pupils who had attended Title I junior high or intermediate schools. The program was designed to bridge the gap…

Siegelman, Marvin

54

School Social Capital and Pupils' Academic Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is widely acknowledged that there are important ties among pupils, parents and schools affecting children's educational outcome. Using NELS: 88, a nationally representative sample of eighth graders in the United States, this study explores the role of schools in their academic performance. The study suggests that, with other things equal,…

Haghighat, Elhum

2005-01-01

55

Gender Context of Schooling and Levels of Stress among Early Adolescent Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In present analysis, an attempt is made to identify perceived social support mechanisms through which the gender composition of the school may influence pupils' stress responses. Use was made of data from 68 academically oriented secondary schools in Flanders, Belgium. Of these schools, 25 were mixed-sex schools and 43 were single-sex schools (21…

Brutsaert, Herman; Van Houtte, Mieke

2004-01-01

56

Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

Mosothwane, Modise

2011-01-01

57

Working with 11-16-year-old pupils with language and communication difficulties in the mainstream school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The need for appropriate provision for 11-16 year-olds (secondary school pupils) with language and communication difficulties is increasingly appar ent. This paper discusses the needs of pupils and the characteristics of secondary schools, identified by a group of teachers and speech and language therapists. Their experience provides suggestions for specific aspects of guid ance and the content of professional development

Carol Miller; Judy Roux

1997-01-01

58

Pupils' Perceptions of Discipline and Academic Standards in Belgian Coeducational and Single-Sex Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, single-sex and coeducational schools are compared in terms of pupils' perceptions of disciplinary and academic climates. Use was made of data from 68 secondary schools in Flanders (Belgium). Of these schools, 25 were mixed and 43 were single-sex (21 girls, and 22 boys, schools). Respondents were third-year students: 3370 girls and…

Brutsaert, Herman

2002-01-01

59

Harnessing the Potential of Pupils to Influence School Development  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent focus on pupil involvement in all aspects of education, including the school improvement agenda, has led to an increasing number of pupils being consulted on various aspects of school life and involved in a range of peer support schemes. Accompanying the proliferation of pupil involvement has been the development of training initiatives…

Watts, Ruth; Youens, Bernadette

2007-01-01

60

Pupil Composition and Accountability: An Analysis in English Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the role of social class and prior achievement composition effects on pupils' progress and the judgements made about school performance. It finds that there are small but significant compositional effects on pupil progress raising questions about how pupils can best be allocated to schools. Comparisons between the official…

Lauder, Hugh; Kounali, Daphne; Robinson, Tony; Goldstein, Harvey

2010-01-01

61

Helping Pupils who Refuse School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special unit for children failing to attend school addressed the needs of students with school phobia, psychosomatic symptoms, fantasies, difficulties with parents, problems with clothes and behavior, poor self-image, and gaps in knowledge. The program aimed for reintegration into ordinary schools. (CL)

Church, Jean; Edwards, Berwyn

1984-01-01

62

Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This chapter reviews court decisions in education during 1986 that addressed issues related to student rights and the jurisdiction of schools with respect to pupils. The first section of the review covers the issues of public school assignment, tuition, transportation, and compulsory attendance. This is followed by short discussions of cases…

Lufler, Henry S., Jr.

63

Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary School Tracking Regimes in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines educational outcomes of pupils selected to secondary school types by different tracking regimes in a German state: Pupils are alternatively streamed after fourth grade or after sixth grade. Regression results indicate that, estimated on the mean, there are no negative effects of later tracking on educational outcomes in the middle of secondary school. Positive effects are observed

Andrea M. Mühlenweg

2008-01-01

64

Crossing the humpback bridge: primary–secondary school transition in music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the process of transferring from primary to secondary school in music from the perspective of the pupil. Seventy-five pupils from five schools were interviewed in small focus groups during their last weeks in primary school and follow-up interviews on 68 of the original pupils, representing 13 schools, took place one year later following a full year in

Nigel A. Marshall; David J. Hargreaves

2007-01-01

65

Crossing the Humpback Bridge: Primary-Secondary School Transition in Music Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the process of transferring from primary to secondary school in music from the perspective of the pupil. Seventy-five pupils from five schools were interviewed in small focus groups during their last weeks in primary school and follow-up interviews on 68 of the original pupils, representing 13 schools, took place one year…

Marshall, Nigel A.; Hargreaves, David J.

2007-01-01

66

Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Cases involving searches of public school pupils in order to obtain evidence of drug sales or use, and litigation challenging the punishments meted out to students found with drugs, continued to occupy the attention of courts in 1989. Also continuing a trend seen in previous years, religion-based challenges to state regulation of both home…

Lufler, Henry S., Jr.

67

Pupil Mobility in Schools and Implications for Raising Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the causes of pupil mobility and good practice in schools to address mobility issues. Pupil mobility is defined as 'a child joining or leaving school at a point other than the normal age at which children start or finish their education at that school'. The first part draws upon evidence of a survey, which explores the views of…

Demie, Feyisa; Lewis, Kirstin; Taplin, Anne

2005-01-01

68

Japanese High School Teachers' Views on Pupil Misbehaviour  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aimed to explore Japanese high school teachers' views of pupil misbehaviour in order to contribute to the growing international literature on discipline in schools. A total of 141 Japanese high school teachers completed a questionnaire which explored their views regarding the factors accounting for pupil misbehaviour, the frequency of…

Kyriacou, Chris

2010-01-01

69

Locked Out: Researching Destinations and Outcomes for Pupils Excluded from Special Schools and Pupil Referral Units  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the methodological challenges encountered during a study of destinations and outcomes for pupils permanently excluded from Pupil Referral Units (PRUs) and special schools in England. It outlines the manner in which the key phrases and assumptions embedded within the specification, terms such as routes and trajectories,…

Pirrie, Anne; Macleod, Gale

2009-01-01

70

Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Pupils in Schools in the UK: Inclusion and "Good Practice"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines inclusionary processes and examples of "good practice" in primary and secondary schools for Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in one inner London Borough in the UK. It will explore the role of the Traveller Education Service (TES) and argue that the support provided by the TES to schools is essential for the development of "good…

Bhopal, Kalwant; Myers, Martin

2009-01-01

71

Teaching Rapid and Slow Learners in High Schools: The Status of Adaptations in Junior, Senior, and Regular High Schools Enrolling More than 300 Pupils. Bulletin, 1954, No. 5  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin represents a cooperative effort of nine secondary school specialists in the Office of Education to picture the provisions used in large high schools to adapt teaching methods in different subjects for pupils who are not average. It is recognized that a pupil may be a rapid learner in one subject and a slow learner in another. Each of…

Jewett, Arno; Hull, J. Dan; Brown, Kenneth E.; Cummings, Howard H.; Johnson, Philip G.; Laxson, Mary; Ludington, John R.; Mallory, Berenice; Segel, David

1954-01-01

72

The Impact of Peer Support Schemes on Pupils' Perceptions of Bullying, Aggression and Safety at School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research was carried out in four secondary schools, two with a peer support system and two without, and involved a total of 931 pupils (49.5% males and 50.5% females). Participants were aged between 11 and 15 years of age, mean age 12.8 years. The aims were: to compare the perceptions of safety on the part of older and younger pupils in…

Cowie, Helen; Hutson, Nicky; Oztug, Ozhan; Myers, Carrie

2008-01-01

73

Secondary Counselors' Perceptions of Role and Function of Guidance Service Delivery to Mainstreamed, Educable Mentally Retarded Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the current delivery system of counseling services to mainstreamed educable mentally retarded students by secondary school counselors as a result of a state mandate and examines the present perceptions held by secondary counselors regarding their services to these pupils. Focusing on the counselor's preparation, background…

Cousins, Althea L.

74

Differences in Pupil Characteristics and Motives in Being a Victim, Perpetrator and Witness of Violence in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Socially problematic and violent behaviour of pupils in and around schools is undesirable from pedagogical, social and societal perspectives. The motives underlying violence between different social actors in school may help explain and improve this behaviour. The aim is to investigate the relationship patterns between characteristics of secondary

Mooij, Ton

2011-01-01

75

How Greek Teachers Perceive School Functioning of Pupils with ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study Greek teachers assessed school functioning in 26 pupils with the possibility of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) subtypes, i.e. combined (C) type, inattentive (IA) type and hyperactive-impulsive (HI) type, and 26 controls. Results showed that C and IA pupils were evaluated as impaired in all areas of academic and…

Kakouros, Efthymios; Maniadaki, Katerina; Papaeliou, Christina

2004-01-01

76

Maslow's hierarchy and pupils’ suggestions for developing school meals  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – Maslow's hierarchy of needs is little used in research when analysing pupils’ needs, wants, and motivations related to food. To fill that gap, the purpose of this paper is to introduce the pupils’ suggestions for developing school meals in Finland from the viewpoint of Maslow's hierarchy. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Previous research on Maslow's hierarchy of needs, as well as

Irma Tikkanen

2009-01-01

77

Feedback in Educational Communication in Czech Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces an empirical study that examines how teachers evaluate pupils' responses. The study draws on research undertaken at four secondary schools in the Czech Republic. It transpires that feedback has a stable position in the structure of communication; however, it is used only to verify pupils' responses and not to elaborate them.…

Sedova, Klara; Svaricek, Roman

2012-01-01

78

Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses recent court litigation concerning legal rights and responsibilities of pupils covering procedural due process, grooming and appearance, regulation of speech and publications, liability for pupil injuries, and racial integration. (JF)

Garber, Lee O.; Seitz, Reynolds C.

1971-01-01

79

Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…

Marsh, Helena

2012-01-01

80

Civil Liability of Schools, Teachers and Pupils for Careless Behaviour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies elements that (British) courts consider in school or teacher negligence cases. Reviews significant case law establishing liability of schools and teachers for harm sustained by pupils and children's personal liability for careless acts leading to personal harm. Discusses implications of a recent child negligence case. (Contains 14…

Wenham, David

1999-01-01

81

School, Pupils, and Examination Results: Contextualising School "Performance."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates the extent to which school-level performance in the British General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) program is underpinned by variations in the socioeconomic backgrounds of students. Concludes that uncontextualized performance statistics are flawed, and that policies for school improvement must address underlying constraints…

Gibson, Alex; Asthana, Sheena

1998-01-01

82

Pupils with special educational needs’: a study of the assessments and categorising processes regarding pupilsschool difficulties in Sweden  

Microsoft Academic Search

One important goal of Swedish educational policies is to integrate all pupils within regular education, irrespective of disability or difficulties in school, and to adjust education to individual needs. The aim of this paper was to explore how schools ‘socially construct’, i.e. identify and support, pupils with special educational needs. Another aim was to explore if there were any dominant

Joakim Isaksson; Rafael Lindqvist; Erik Bergström

2010-01-01

83

Does the Index of Segregation Matter? The Composition of Secondary Schools in England since 1996  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a new analysis of segregation between schools in terms of pupils living in poverty, for all secondary schools in England from 1996 to 2005. This shows that the clustering of similar pupils in specific schools increased noticeably from 1996 to 2001, but then settled at a level still below that of 1989 when official records…

Gorard, Stephen

2009-01-01

84

Secondary School Admissions in England 2001 to 2008: Changing Legislation, Policy and Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The distribution of pupils amongst schools is fundamental to concerns about equality of educational opportunity and it is for this reason that the process by which pupils are admitted to schools is of significance. This paper focuses on admissions criteria and practices used by English secondary schools in 2001 and 2008 in light of changes to…

West, Anne; Barham, Eleanor; Hind, Audrey

2011-01-01

85

Creativity and Pupils' Experience of School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on the analysis of interviews with children, this article links what we know about the way in which they learn with their views of creativity. Whilst pupils have a crisp view of the nature of creativity, which links them to well-established philosophical views, this contrasts both with the vaguer notions of the term and with their experience…

Cullingford, Cedric

2007-01-01

86

The Island of Terra: A Computer-Aided Simulation of World Resources Problems Designed for Lower-Achieving Secondary School Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the computer-assisted environmental-educational game TERRA, which is designed to encourage lower-ability high school students to think at their own level about the future of their world. Based on "The Limits to Growth" (Meadows et al., 1972), the game comprises four programs: Terra Firma, Terradactyl, Inflation, and Doubles. (EAO)

Watson, Robert

1983-01-01

87

Moving to Secondary School: On the Role of Affective Expectations in a Tracking School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transition to secondary school implies basic changes in social, instructional and organisational aspects of school life which afford the pupils' adjustment. As transition takes place at a predictable point in time, children develop expectations about the start at their new school. In order to analyse predictors and consequences of these…

van Ophuysen, Stefanie

2009-01-01

88

Transfer from middle to secondary school: a New Zealand study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues related to pupils’ transfer into secondary schools have been well-documented (Brown and Armstrong, in: M.B. Youngman (Ed.), Mid-schooling transfer: Problems and proposals, NFER-Nelson, Windsor, UK, 1986; Hargreaves, Two cultures of schooling: The case of middle schools, Falmer Press, Basingstoke, UK, 1986; Power and Cotterell, ERDC Report No. 27. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1981). A common feature of the

Richard Ward

2000-01-01

89

Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

2013-01-01

90

Pupil behaviour on school buses and potential risk factors for injury: an observational study  

PubMed Central

Abstract Objective To observe pupil behaviour on school buses in Israel and identify hazards as a basis for improving school bus safety. Methods Data on student, bus driver and chaperone behaviours and on hazards associated with school buses, bus loading zones and bus stops were collected during an observational study conducted on school buses in rural communities in Israel. This report focuses on observations of student behaviour during school bus rides. Future reports will discuss the other findings. Student behaviours were assessed by means of ?2 tests and logistic regression models. Findings Observations were made on 362 rides on 125 buses on which 11?000 pupils travelled to and from school. Seatbelt use among the pupils was limited: on 23% of the rides all pupils fastened seatbelts, while on 42% none did. Seatbelt use was more frequent among primary school pupils than among older pupils. Pupil behaviours, such as rowdiness, noisiness, conflicts between pupils and not remaining seated were observed. These and other unsafe behaviours were more frequent on afternoon bus rides (odds ratio, OR: 3.2, 95% confidence interval, CI: 2.1–5.3), on routes with 5+ bus stops (OR: 4.1; 95% CI: 2.5–6.5) and on rides with primary school pupils (OR: 1.8; 95% CI: 1.2–2.9). Conclusion Without enforcement, government regulations and seatbelt availability on school buses are not enough to ensure seatbelt usage among pupils. Bus drivers cannot be expected to enforce seatbelt use and deal with pupil misconduct while also driving safely. Innovative strategies for improving pupil behaviour on school buses are needed to increase pupil safety.

Peleg, Kobi

2010-01-01

91

Religious Identity Development of Adolescents in Christian Secondary Schools: Effects of School and Religious Backgrounds of Adolescents and Their Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines religious identity development of pupils at Dutch schools for secondary education (mean age 16.4). With the help of a theoretical conceptualization of "religious identity development" empirical research is carried out. Main question is whether differences in terms of religious commitment and exploration between pupils of the…

Bertram-Troost, Gerdien D.; de Roos, Simone A.; Miedema, Siebren

2007-01-01

92

The Moral Construction of the Good Pupil Embedded in School Rules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this field study was to investigate the hidden curriculum of school rules delimited to the moral construction of "the good pupil" embedded in the system of school rules in two primary schools. According to the findings, the rule system mediates a moral construction of the good pupil to the children, and this actually includes two…

Thornberg, Robert

2009-01-01

93

Improving Achievement in Mathematics in Primary and Secondary Schools. Improving Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on inspections of mathematics in primary and secondary schools carried out between August 2002 and April 2005. In addition to schools inspected, Her Majesty's (HM) Inspectors also visited primary and secondary schools to observe and describe aspects of best practice. This report also draws on pupils' attainment in Scottish…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

94

Appraising Composing in Secondary-School Music Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to define music appraisal and to explore the role that talk plays in the process of helping pupils in secondary school music lessons to develop their appraisal skills. This paper offers a definition of appraisal, and traces its developing role in the National Curriculum in England since the early 1990s. The role of…

Major, Angela E.

2008-01-01

95

Pupils' Attitudes towards Technical/Vocational Subjects: An Exploratory Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An exploratory investigation was conducted in a secondary school in Zimbabwe to determine pupils' attitudes toward technical/vocational subjects. It also investigated the relationship of those attitudes to: (1) pupils' perceptions of the world of work; and (2) the pupils' homes. In the first part of the study, 200 pupils completed an attitude…

Mandebvu, Onward

96

Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary

Howard, A. E.

2008-01-01

97

Kicking the Habitus: Power, Culture and Pedagogy in the Secondary School Music Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within a theoretical framework drawn from sociologists of education Bourdieu and Bernstein, this paper will examine some of the findings of an ethnographic case study conducted with a secondary school music teacher and one class of her pupils in Wales. This teacher attracted 25% of Year 10 (14-year-old) pupils to study music as an optional subject…

Wright, Ruth

2008-01-01

98

Drug use and anticipated parental reaction among rural school pupils in Zimbabwe.  

PubMed

Study participants included 285 secondary school pupils in Zimbabwe who responded to a questionnaire assessing alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use, and anticipated parental reaction to the pupil's drug-taking behavior. Results showed nearly 17% of the sample had used alcohol, 8% used tobacco, and 5% had used marijuana during the past seven days prior to questionnaire administration. Results regarding intentions to use alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana in the future show pupils' interest highest in using alcohol. Nearly 34% indicated intentions to use alcohol during the next year, while 16% reported intentions to use tobacco, and 12.9% indicated intentions to use marijuana. Nearly 17% reported they felt their parents would be favorable to their use of alcohol. Anticipated parental approval for tobacco and marijuana was 13.6% and 10.8%, respectively. Though current use and future intentions among the sample are not as high compared to similar populations in developed countries, this study suggests Zimbabwe should consider expanding its drug education effort in the school setting. Research to identify effective educational strategies to curb further increases in adolescent drug taking behavior also needs to be explored and identified. PMID:1289658

Munodawafa, D; Marty, P J; Gwede, C

1992-12-01

99

Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…

Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

2005-01-01

100

Environmental education: pupils’ perspectives on classroom experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents findings from research about pupils’ experiences of environmental education in UK secondary schools. The study focused on six pupils aged 13? to 14?years?old and nearing the end of their compulsory geography education. Geography provided a relevant a curricular context for exploring pupils’ experiences of environmental education as it is one of the main subject areas dealing with

Nick Hopwood

2007-01-01

101

Environmental Education: Pupils' Perspectives on Classroom Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from research about pupils' experiences of environmental education in UK secondary schools. The study focused on six pupils aged 13- to 14-years-old and nearing the end of their compulsory geography education. Geography provided a relevant a curricular context for exploring pupils' experiences of environmental…

Hopwood, Nick

2007-01-01

102

The social position and development of pupils with SEN in mainstream Dutch primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since August 2003, pupils with auditory, communicative, motor, mental or multiple disabilities, as well as severe behavioural\\/emotional problems, in The Netherlands have been entitled to receive a pupil?bound budget when attending a mainstream school. The first experiences with this budget in regular Dutch primary schools are described in this paper. The focus is on the social position and development of

Marloes Koster; Sip Jan Pijl; Els van Houten; Han Nakken

2007-01-01

103

Individual Educational Plans in Swedish Schools -- Forming Identity and Governing Functions in Pupils' Documentation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The documentation of pupils in Swedish schools is extensive and a documentation culture has come to characterize the schools in recent years. In the context of decentralization and changing governance, focus has increasingly been directed towards assessment, follow-up and evaluation of pupils' learning and social development. This article…

Andreasson, Ingela; Carlsson, Maj Asplund

2013-01-01

104

The Social Position and Development of Pupils with SEN in Mainstream Dutch Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since August 2003, pupils with auditory, communicative, motor, mental or multiple disabilities, as well as severe behavioural/emotional problems, in The Netherlands have been entitled to receive a pupil-bound budget when attending a mainstream school. The first experiences with this budget in regular Dutch primary schools are described in this…

Koster, Marloes; Pijl, Sip Jan; van Houten, Els; Nakken, Han

2007-01-01

105

[Pupil Performance in the Elementary Schools of Atlanta, Ga.] Research and Development Report, Volume 6, Numbers 15, 16, and 19, December 1972, March 1973.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since a large number of the pupils at each of the three schools examined in this document had shown a need for compensatory services, they were classified as Title I schools and thus were qualified to receive supplementary funds and additional personnel through Title I, 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act grant allocations. In addition,…

Vivona, Carol; And Others

106

25 CFR 31.3 - Non-Indian pupils in Indian schools.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...will not exclude Indian pupils eligible under § 31.1. (b) In day schools in areas where there are no other adequate free school facilities available, tuition fees may be charged for such enrollment at the discretion of the...

2011-04-01

107

Comparing Slovenian Year 8 and Year 9 Elementary School Pupils' Knowledge of Electrolyte Chemistry and Their Intrinsic Motivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…

Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.

2009-01-01

108

The Impact of the Medium of Instruction in Hong Kong Secondary Schools on Tertiary Students' Vocabulary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Following the hand-over of Hong Kong to China in 1997, the medium of instruction in most secondary schools in Hong Kong was changed from English to Chinese. Concerns have been expressed that the English language proficiency level of pupils whose secondary school medium of instruction (MOI) is Chinese is lower than that of those whose MOI is…

Lin, Linda H. F.; Morrison, Bruce

2010-01-01

109

34 CFR 300.36 - Secondary school.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...school. Secondary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school that provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that it does not include any...

2013-07-01

110

Could the peer group explain school differences in pupil smoking rates? An exploratory study.  

PubMed

Schools differ in the proportion of their pupils who smoke. Such differences transcend pupil intake characteristics and relate to the internal life of the school. Although adolescents' smoking behaviour has been associated with that of their peers, little consideration has been given to whether peer structures and processes contribute to school differences in pupil smoking rates. In two relatively deprived Scottish schools, one with a higher and one with a lower rate of pupil smoking, 13 and 15 year-olds were surveyed. Sociometric data and information on pupils' smoking behaviour and views were gathered. Twenty-five single-sex discussion groups were then held with a sub-sample of the 13 year-olds in order to explore in detail their views on smoking, smokers and fellow pupils. Findings showed that in the higher smoking school, pupils were more often in groups, smokers were identified as popular, and attitudes (especially among non-smoking females) were more pro-smoking. In the lower smoking school, by contrast, there were more isolates and dyads, there were no popular smokers and attitudes (especially among non-smoking females) were much less pro-smoking. Thus, evidence suggests peer group structures and related influences could be one explanation for school differences in smoking, and that the popularity of smokers together with the views of non-smoking females may be particularly important in creating such differences. PMID:16364527

Turner, Katrina; West, Patrick; Gordon, Jacki; Young, Robert; Sweeting, Helen

2006-05-01

111

[Physically handicapped pupils at a regular school - experiences of the school experiment "Lichtenau" (author's transl)].  

PubMed

As an experiment in integration, the joint placement of physically handicapped and non-disabled pupils into the regular class settings of a school belonging to the Hessisch-Lichtenau experiment makes special social and educational measures necessary both at school and in the residential home. The main activities have to be directed towards scientific studies of existing problems and their practical solutions. The following article describes the problems arising from the integrational efforts and suggests possible solutions. PMID:153569

Jung, M; Steinke, T

1978-11-01

112

"Not a university type": focus group study of social class, ethnic, and sex differences in school pupils' perceptions about medical school  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate what going to medical school means to academically able 14-16 year olds from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds in order to understand the wide socioeconomic variation in applications to medical school. Design Focus group study. Setting Six London secondary schools. Participants 68 academically able and scientifically oriented pupils aged 14-16 years from a wide range of social and ethnic backgrounds. Main outcome measures Pupils' perceptions of medical school, motivation to apply, confidence in ability to stay the course, expectations of medicine as a career, and perceived sources of information and support. Results There were few differences by sex or ethnicity, but striking differences by socioeconomic status. Pupils from lower socioeconomic groups held stereotyped and superficial perceptions of doctors, saw medical school as culturally alien and geared towards “posh” students, and greatly underestimated their own chances of gaining a place and staying the course. They saw medicine as having extrinsic rewards (money) but requiring prohibitive personal sacrifices. Pupils from affluent backgrounds saw medicine as one of a menu of challenging career options with intrinsic rewards (fulfilment, achievement). All pupils had concerns about the costs of study, but only those from poor backgrounds saw costs as constraining their choices. Conclusions Underachievement by able pupils from poor backgrounds may be more to do with identity, motivation, and the cultural framing of career choices than with low levels of factual knowledge. Policies to widen participation in medical education must go beyond a knowledge deficit model and address the complex social and cultural environment within which individual life choices are embedded.

Greenhalgh, Trisha; Seyan, Kieran; Boynton, Petra

2004-01-01

113

"Closer to the Ground": Pupil "Voice" and the Development of Knowledge about Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most pupils, if asked, might be expected to have a view about their school and increasingly the value and significance of including pupils' perspectives in matters and decisions which affect them and their lives appears to be gaining recognition. The rationale for, and importance of, including the views and perceptions of those we have described…

Wood, Margaret

2011-01-01

114

Researching Bangladeshi pupils' strategies for learning to read in (UK) primary school settings  

Microsoft Academic Search

Language learning strategy research has focused on the actions of the individual language learner and investigated the links between successful learning and the strategies that such learners use. At the same time, researchers studying beginner bilingual pupils learning English and learning to read in English in UK schools have also been interested in the strategies that such pupils employ in

Sue Walters

2007-01-01

115

Pupils' Perceptions of Bullying and Disruptions to Concentration and Attention to School Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well known that many pupils are bullied and suffer in a variety of ways as a result. This study looks at a largely overlooked outcome of bullying that may have direct consequences for academic success--disrupted concentration and attention to school work. Using pupil perceptions as the source of data, the two main aims were to quantify the…

Boulton, Michael

2008-01-01

116

Pupils' Voice: "My Primary School Teacher''  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore pupils' views on how a teacher should be and the reasons for their decisions. Based on qualitative research design, focus group interviews were done with ten 5th graders from a public primary school in Turkey. These pupils were asked the following questions: "how do you think a teacher should be?" and…

Alkan, Vesile

2013-01-01

117

Primary School Pupils' Perceptions of Water in the Context of STS Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…

Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula

2011-01-01

118

Personality Correlates of Academic Achievement and Laboratory Learning of Elementary School Pupils. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports three studies designed to determine if significant increases could be made in the prediction of elementary school pupils' academic achievement by adding personality measures to intellectual measures after mental age and intelligent quotient leveling. A fourth study examined the utility of leveling pupils on socioeconomic…

Butterfield, Earl C.; Weaver, S. Joseph

119

The Barriers to Achievement for White/Black Caribbean Pupils in English Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pupils of White and Black Caribbean descent make up the largest category of mixed heritage pupils in the United Kingdom. As a group they are at risk of underachieving and are proportionally over-represented in school exclusions. Yet little is known to date about the barriers to their achievement. The common-sense explanation for their…

Haynes, Jo; Tikly, Leon; Caballero, Chamion

2006-01-01

120

A Mokken Scale to Assess Secondary Pupils' Experience of Violence in Terms of Severity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Violence assessment can potentially be improved by Item Response Theory, that is, ordinal Mokken Scale Analysis. The research question is as follows: Does Mokken Scale Analysis of secondary pupils' experience of violence result in a homogeneous, reliable, and valid unidimensional scale that fits all the requirements of Mokken scaling? The method…

Mooij, Ton

2012-01-01

121

1976-77 California Public Schools Selected Statistics: Operating Units, Revenues, Teachers and Pupils, Expenditures.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Statistics on the California school system presented in this publication are prerequisites to the determination of policy at the state and local levels. This publication lists the number of pupils, teachers, and schools in the California school system and associated programs in the 1976-77 school year. It also records the expenditures of public…

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau of School Apportionments and Reports.

122

School Finance Reform: A Weighted Pupil Formula for California. Report 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governor Jerry Brown has called for a major overhaul of California's school finance policies. His proposal for a weighted pupil funding system would simplify the rules that govern the distribution of funds to schools and school districts, while targeting a larger share of available resources to the schools and students with the greatest needs. In…

Perry, Mary

2012-01-01

123

Pupils’ pedagogical well-being in comprehensive school—significant positive and negative school experiences of Finnish ninth graders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Basic education has two main goals: to promote high quality learning outcomes and pupils’ personal growth and well-being.\\u000a The interrelated nature of learning and well-being is here referred to as pedagogical well-being. In this study, we explore\\u000a Finnish comprehensive school pupils’ (N?=?518) experienced pedagogical well-being by examining the kinds of situations that pupils themselves find either highly\\u000a positive or highly

Kirsi Pyhältö; Tiina Soini; Janne Pietarinen

2010-01-01

124

Pupils' Pedagogical Well-Being in Comprehensive School--Significant Positive and Negative School Experiences of Finnish Ninth Graders  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Basic education has two main goals: to promote high quality learning outcomes and pupils' personal growth and well-being. The interrelated nature of learning and well-being is here referred to as pedagogical well-being. In this study, we explore Finnish comprehensive school pupils' (N = 518) experienced pedagogical well-being by examining the…

Pyhalto, Kirsi; Soini, Tiina; Pietarinen, Janne

2010-01-01

125

[Some life style elements in students from public and non-public secondary schools].  

PubMed

The studies were performed on 825 school-children 16-17 years old (512 girls and 313 boys) from first and second classes of secondary schools in some district towns in our country. 406 school-children attended public and 419 non-public schools. In the study was used a questionnaire worked out in the Institute for Children and Youth in Berlin. The analysis of the data collected by our co-workers of the District Sanitary-Epidemiological Stations enable the following conclusions: In both groups of pupils from the public and non-public secondary schools similar abnormalities in their everyday life detrimental for health were found. Improper dietary habits, sleep deficits, short time for physical activity belonged to the most important and most frequent lifestyle abnormalities. 18% of the respondents went to school without eating breakfast at home, 19% took their breakfast not every day and 3% of the examined pupils don't eat breakfast at all. During the working-days 14% of pupils were eating no warm meal. This was the cause more frequent in pupils from non-public schools (19%) than from public schools (4%). 18% of the respondents were eating not always dinner on working days. 82% of pupils were going to bed too late: 49% after 10 o'clock p.m. and 34% after 11 o'clock p.m. Greater irregularities were found among boys (92%) than among girls (76%). 13% of pupils from the public and non-public schools spent only 30 minutes, the way to school included, in the fresh air and 54% pupils in the public schools and 43% in non-public schools--about 1 hour. PMID:9026902

Polus-Szeniawska, E

1996-01-01

126

Misunderstandings in multilingual counselling settings involving school nurses and obese/overweight pupils.  

PubMed

School nurses' counselling is pivotal in stemming the obesity epidemic. Barriers for good counselling such as nurses' misunderstandings and ambiguities when relating to overweight and obesity need to be addressed. In this study, we explored misunderstandings in school nurses' counselling of overweight pupils in multilingual settings, together with how school nurses talk about the condition. Counselling sessions involving eight nurses and 20 pupils (aged 8-16 years) were audio-recorded and analysed using theme-oriented discourse analysis. Statistical methods were used as a complement. The focal themes were misunderstandings and nurses' talk about overweight and obesity. Analytical themes were framing, footing and facework. Data analyses revealed three main origins of misunderstandings occurring in school nurses' counselling of obese and overweight pupils: (1) nurses' illusion that they know what advice the pupils need; (2) nurses' insensitivity to the pupils' and parents' concerns; and (3) lack of lingual understanding. School nurses' apparent difficulties to talk about overweight and obesity suggest a need to reflect on how to name these issues during counselling. School nurses' dominance and pupils'passivity were obvious. We suggest that counselling should be regarded as learning contexts and be subjected to possible quality assurance in the future. PMID:20635552

Magnusson, Maria B; Hulthén, Lena; Kjellgren, Karin I

2009-01-01

127

Musculoskeletal pain and school bag use: a cross-sectional study among Ugandan pupils  

PubMed Central

Background Though seen as a convenient method of carrying books and other scholastic materials including food items, schoolbags are believed to contribute to back and other musculoskeletal problems in school going children. This study set out to determine the prevalence of low back and other musculoskeletal pains and describe their relationship with schoolbag use in pupils. Results This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 532 pupils from six primary schools with a mean age of 13.6 years. Analyses included the chi- square test, independent t tests, regression analysis and test for trend across ordered groups. Backpacks were the most common type of schoolbag and younger children carried disproportionately heavier bags. Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils, About 30.8% of the pupils carried schoolbags which were more than 10% of their body weight. About 88.2% of pupils reported having body pain especially in the neck, shoulders and upper back. About 35.4% of the children reported that carrying the schoolbag was the cause of their musculoskeletal pain. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. There was significant association between low back pain and; method of bag carriage (p?school (p?=?0.02). Only 19% had lockers at school. Conclusion Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils. The majority of pupils complained of musculoskeletal pain of which 35.4% was attributed to the schoolbags. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. Schools need to provide lockers and functional libraries in order to avoid excessive loading and repetitive strain injuries.

2014-01-01

128

Teachers' Conceptualization of Pupil Control in Elementary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a framework of techniques teachers used to manage elementary physical education students and foster pupil self-control. Audiotapes and interviews resulted in development of the Physical Education Pupil Control Inventory. Facilitating self-control involved selecting tutorial control techniques, using indirect technique forms, and…

Henkel, Steven A.

1991-01-01

129

Trends in Disparities in School District Level Expenditures per Pupil  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This statistical analysis report, posted in December by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), "examines disparities between school districts in instructional expenditures in elementary and secondary schools for each state and also for geographic regions and the nation as a whole for the period from 1979-80 to 1993-94." The report indicates declining disparities for most states during this period, but cautions that such results may not always reflect a "more equitable distribution of education expenditures" since "the percentage and distribution of special needs students may have changed over that period."

130

Pennies from Heaven? Using Exogenous Tax Variation to Identify Effects of School Resources on Pupil Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence on the effectiveness of school inputs remains inconclusive, partly due to the challenge of identification as families sort themselves into school districts and resources are potentially allocated to compensate (or reinforce) differences in pupil abilities. Using variation in school resources induced by the location of waterfalls in…

Haegeland, Torbjorn; Raaum, Oddbjorn; Salvanes, Kjell G.

2012-01-01

131

The Impact of Drama on Pupils' Language, Mathematics, and Attitude in Two Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on research which examined the impact of The National Theatre's Transformation drama project on young pupils' reading, mathematics, attitude, self-concept and creative writing in primary schools. Two of the schools taking part in Transformation were matched to two Control schools in the first two years of the project.…

Fleming, Mike; Merrell, Christine; Tymms, Peter

2004-01-01

132

The Effects of a Schools Without Failure Program Upon Classroom Interaction Patterns, Pupil Achievement and Teacher, Pupil and Parent Attitudes (Summary Report of First Year of Program).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document summarizes an evaluation of William Glasser's Schools Without Failure (SWF) program carried out during the program's first year of operation in the New Castle, Pa. School District. Ten elementary schools were paired on the basis of size, socioeconomic status, and pupils' past achievement. One school of each pair was randomly assigned…

Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

133

The Effects of a Schools Without Failure Program Upon Classroom Interaction Patterns, Pupil Achievement and Teacher, Pupil and Parent Attitudes. (Report of First Year of Program).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An evaluation of William Glasser's Schools Without Failure (SWF) program was carried out during the program's first year of operation in the New Castle, Pa. School District. Ten elementary schools were paired on the basis of size, socioeconomic status, and pupils' past achievement. One school of each pair was randomly assigned to begin teacher…

Masters, James R.; Laverty, Grace E.

134

Bullied by Siblings: Association with Peer Victimisation and Behaviour Problems in Israeli Lower Secondary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The association of bullying victimisation by siblings with a) involvement in bullying at school and b) behaviour problems among lower secondary school children in Israel was investigated. Method: Self-report questionnaires of sibling victimisation, peer bullying experiences and behaviour problems were completed by 921 pupils aged 12-15…

Wolke, Dieter; Samara, Muthanna M.

2004-01-01

135

A survey of the nature and extent of bullying in junior\\/middle and secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a survey service developed to assess bullying in schools, anonymous questionnaires were given to over 6,000 pupils in 17 junior\\/middle and seven secondary schools in the Sheffield LEA. The results are analysed in terms of frequencies of being bullied, and bullying others; year differences; gender differences; types of bullying; where bullying occurs; whether teachers and parents are

Irene Whitney; Peter K. Smith

1993-01-01

136

Art Accommodation in Secondary Schools. A Design Guide. Building Bulletin 89.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Schools vary in the way they choose to deliver their art curriculum, and this affects their accommodation needs. This document provides guidance on accommodation for art and design in secondary schools, concentrating on the needs of 11- to 16-year-old pupils. (No specific advice on the specific needs of special education students is provided.)…

Watson, Lucy; Wadsworth, Alison; Daniels, Richard; Wonnacott, Geoff

137

The Leading Group Effect: Illusionary Declines in Scholastic Standard Scores of Mid-Range Japanese Junior High School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal change in the average Z scores for four groups of pupils sorted by quartiles was examined for its stability over three years. The data, collected from 1998 to 2009, was obtained from nine cohorts of Japanese junior high school pupils totaling 1,962 subjects. It showed illusionary declines among the mid-range pupils but improvements…

Mori, Kazuo; Uchida, Akitoshi

2012-01-01

138

Science Guide for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This six-chapter guide is designed to help Georgia teachers adopt or adapt various options into the local school's science curriculum. Major areas addressed in the chapters are: (1) secondary school curriculum development (focusing on performance objectives, sequencing the curriculum, evaluation, and scientific literacy); (2) teaching methods…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

139

Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

2009-01-01

140

The Potential Role of Schools and Teachers in the Character Development of Young People in England: Perspectives from Pupils and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper considers the potential role of schools and teachers in the character development of pupils aged 10-19. It is based largely on the views of 5207 pupils in England, drawn from 25 state schools, including five primaries. Data include document contents, interviews and surveys with pupils and their teachers. Pupil accounts suggest that…

See, Beng Huat; Arthur, James

2011-01-01

141

Tasks for Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors present here another in a series of articles, begun in December 1977, by influential Americans. On the following pages the director of the Central Intelligence Agency shares his percep tions of the direction schools should be taking.

Stansfield Turner

1978-01-01

142

Adding Value to Public Schools: Investigating Teacher Education, Teaching, and Pupil Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research investigated the value added to middle school public education by pedagogically trained college students. An experimental design was employed in which 680 middle school pupils were randomly assigned to instructional groups. University arts and sciences students were put into two groups on the basis of those with formal teacher…

Konold, Tim; Jablonski, Brian; Nottingham, Anthony; Kessler, Lara; Byrd, Stephen; Imig, Scott; Berry, Robert; McNergney, Robert

2008-01-01

143

Teacher Discourse on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Pupils in Scottish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which surveyed and interviewed teachers on their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) pupils in school. The outcomes indicated that there was a silencing of diverse sexualities in schools. In theory, teachers had adopted an individual liberal humanitarian…

McIntyre, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

144

Diverse Perspectives on Pupil Health among Professionals in School-Based Multi-Professional Teams  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Internationally, educators have proposed a shift from a narrow diagnostic view to a holistic and salutogenic perspective on pupils' school-related difficulties. There is, however, little evidence to suggest that such a shift has taken place, despite being talked about by school administrators. In Sweden such a shift is proposed through a new…

Guva, Gunilla; Hylander, Ingrid

2012-01-01

145

Funding Formulas for California Schools III: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his 2012-13 budget Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. By all accounts the current system is complex and opaque. In contrast, the proposed system--a weighted pupil funding formula--is simple and transparent. Using the PPIC School Finance Model, we compare how this formula would…

Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret

2012-01-01

146

Use of School Resource Centre-Based Computers in Leisure Time by Teenage Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has investigated young people's use of school computers outside lessons, a deficiency that prompted the writing of this paper. The ICT-related behaviour of pupils within the Resource Centre of an English high school is scrutinized, with data collected through observation and online questionnaire. The computers, which were…

Shenton, Andrew K.

2008-01-01

147

Setting or Mixed Ability?: Pupils' Views of the Organisational Arrangement in Their School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1996 Her Majesty's Inspectors of schools published a report entitled "Achievement for All" (SOEID, 1996). This report identified a number of key principles governing the organisation of pupils by class, or within class, in Scottish schools and concluded that: The application of these principles does not give rise to one, universally best method…

Smith, Chris M. M.; Sutherland, Margaret J.

2006-01-01

148

School Camping Program. Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund, Fund Number 97-8: 1971-1972 Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund School Camping Program respresented local educational efforts for the sixth consecutive year to extend classroom learning experiences into the natural environment. The Project sponsored a five-day long resident school-oriented camping program which attempted to offer an integrated balance of typical learning…

Halasa, Ofelia; Fleming, Margaret

149

Engaging Pupils in the Science, Engineering and Technology of a Low-Energy School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK Government's Building Schools for the Future programme has provided schools with a unique opportunity to improve education for sustainable development substantially by giving pupils the chance to study within a real-life context. This article documents an engagement project in which experts in low-energy building design are facilitating…

Charnley, Fiona; Fleming, Paul; Fleming, Margaret; Mill, Greig

2010-01-01

150

Science Investigation: The Views of 14 to 16 Year Old Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports research about upper secondary school pupils' views about science investigations in school. Although researchers, teachers and examiners have expressed opinions about investigative work in science, there have been relatively few studies of pupils' experiences. The present study identified pupils' concerns about the limited time…

Toplis, Rob; Cleaves, Anna

2006-01-01

151

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006). First Look. NCES 2008-345  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2005-06. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil. It presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2005-06…

Zhou, Lei

2008-01-01

152

Key Stage 3 Pupils' Perception of Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The key aim of the research summarised in this article was to examine pupils' perception of music and to determine whether or not these perceptions were the same for both female and male pupils. The empirical enquiry consisted of the administration of a questionnaire to six secondary schools in the north-east of England followed by semi-structured…

Button, Stuart

2006-01-01

153

The Development and Factor Structure of a Career Locus of Control Scale for Use with School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and psychometric assessment of a multidimensional, domain-specific Career Locus of Control Scale (CLOC) designed for use with adolescent school pupils engaged in the career development and decision-making process. A 47-item version was administered to 743 school pupils, age 15 or 16 years evenly split between…

Millar, Rob; Shevlin, Mark

2007-01-01

154

[Smoking in students in secondary schools in Burkina Faso].  

PubMed

A multi-centre enquiry in 12 of 30 provinces of Burkina Faso was carried out to study smoking in pupils at secondary schools. The prevalence of smoking was 13.6 per cent. Amongst the smokers, occasional smoking was the most common, involving 62 per cent. Boys smoked more than girls. The average age of starting smoking was early, at 13.4 years. The majority of smokers consumed less than five cigarettes a day and the favourite place for consumption was the home of their parents or guardian and at school. The determinants of school smokers were above all environmental: the influence of friends and advertising. The students showed a good knowledge of the harmful effects of smoking. This knowledge was linked to their educational level and to their status as a smoker or non-smoker. The proportion of pupils who had obtained good results in the term which preceded the enquiry was more significant amongst the non-smokers than amongst the smokers. An awareness of the significance of smoking amongst pupils by their parents, guardians and teachers involves health education and rigorous legislative measures on advertising and these would contribute to some reduction in the extent of the phenomenon in educational establishments. PMID:8999476

Sondo, B; Testa, J; Soura, Y

1996-10-01

155

Numeracy in Secondary School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project that focuses on numeracy in secondary school mathematics. During the course of the project a teacher had the chance to develop and trial new tasks and styles of teaching and learning numeracy. She became increasingly comfortable with using more extended tasks for learning mathematics. However, she believes that it…

Gibbs, Melissa; Goos, Merrilyn; Geiger, Vince; Dole, Shelley

2012-01-01

156

Mechanics. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

157

Survey of administration of medicines to pupils in primary schools within the London area  

PubMed Central

Objective: To examine the policy, administration, and supervision of medicine administration in primary schools within the Greater London area (GLA). Design: A prospective survey using postal questionnaires sent to 172 randomly selected primary schools within the GLA. Participants: Head teachers of primary schools. Results: Some 65% of head teachers replied. Less than 50% of responding head teachers had actually read the national guidelines Supporting Pupils with Medical Needs and only 30% of respondents were aware of other members of staff who had read the document. A total of 95% of respondents followed a policy/procedure in caring for the medical needs of pupils. Over 80% of respondents had staff handling the pupils' medical needs, staff handling access to stored medicines, and prior arrangements for staff training. However, it is worrying that a quarter of the schools did not keep a written record of medicines given to children in schools. The majority of staff with responsibility for medicine administration in schools are support staff. The most encouraging findings were that for the majority of schools with children using the EpiPen and rectal diazepam, there were trained staff to administer these medicines. Conclusions: The majority of schools had a policy in place to deal with medicine administration, although further work should be conducted to analyse the content of such policies. It is very important that training is directed at staff responsible for medicine administration and not just at teachers. Most schools were willing to administer rectal diazepam and EpiPen treatment in an emergency.

Wong, I; Awolowo, T; Gordon, K; Mo, Y

2004-01-01

158

Welcoming the Stranger: A Qualitative Analysis of Teachers' Views Regarding the Integration of Refugee Pupils into Schools in Newcastle upon Tyne  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The arrival of refugee pupils in UK schools has presented significant challenges to staff, pupils and families. The aim of this study was to record and analyse the views of teaching staff regarding their experiences of integrating these pupils into schools in Newcastle upon Tyne. A questionnaire was sent to 53 schools in the city known to have…

Whiteman, Ruth

2005-01-01

159

Winter indoor air quality, thermal comfort and acoustic performance of newly built secondary schools in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous studies have found that classrooms are often inadequately ventilated, with the resultant increased risk of negative impacts on the pupils. This paper describes a series of field measurements that investigated the indoor air quality, thermal comfort and acoustic performance of nine recently built secondary schools in England. The most significant conclusion is that the complex interaction between ventilation, thermal

D. Mumovic; J. Palmer; M. Davies; M. Orme; I. Ridley; T. Oreszczyn; C. Judd; R. Critchlow; H. A. Medina; G. Pilmoor; C. Pearson

2009-01-01

160

Creativity, Originality, Identity: Investigating Computer-Based Composition in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates computer-based music composition using the CD Rom "Dance eJay" with pupils from a secondary school setting (13-15 years). Three issues are explored: the extent to which participants adopted different strategies during the composition process, how the strategies differed with respect to prior experience of formal…

Mellor, Liz

2008-01-01

161

Musical Exploration Using ICT in the Middle and Secondary School Classroom  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, I explore musical creativity through Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This article aims to show that secondary school pupils can compose freely using ICT in the classroom, easing and "democratizing" the creative process, enabling a high standard for all, regardless of formal musical training. The fieldwork project…

Ward, Christopher J.

2009-01-01

162

The Paired-Placement of Student Teachers: An Alternative to Traditional Placements in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the paired-placement of student teachers in secondary school settings. Would such placements foster the learning and development of student teachers and the learning of their pupils? Participants were 23 student teachers who were placed as partners, their mentor teachers, and a sample of…

Nokes, Jeffery D.; Bullough, Robert V., Jr.; Egan, Winston M.; Birrell, James R.; Hansen, J. Merrell

2008-01-01

163

Music Accommodation in Secondary Schools. A Design Guide. Building Bulletin 86.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document provides guidance on accommodations in secondary schools, concentrating on the needs of 11- to 16-year-old pupils. The guidance is intended to assist all those who may be involved in the briefing and design process. It discusses the issues that arise when considering both new and existing accommodations. The document covers the range…

Watson, Lucy; Wadsworth, Alison; Nichols, Helen; Daniels, Richard; Marshall, Christopher; Orlowski, Rafal

164

Pupil Evaluation of Student Teachers and Their Supervisors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the first completed study from a larger project called Teacher Aides in a Secondary School. Pupils in 55 seventh-grade public school classes completed the Pupil Observation Survey Report (POSR) twice--once to describe their student teacher and once to describe the regular (cooperating-supervising) teacher. All teachers involved were…

Veldman, Donald J.

165

Predicting career information-seeking behavior of school pupils using the theory of planned behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The variation in the extent to which adolescents engage in career exploratory behavior is large. This study examined the utility of the Theory of Planned Behavior, augmented by the addition of a past behavior variable, in predicting information-seeking behavior in a school pupil sample. A sample of 278 adolescents completed a questionnaire administered six weeks into the first term and

Rob Millar; Mark Shevlin

2003-01-01

166

Fitness as "Social Heritage": A Study of Elementary School Pupils in Berlin  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Health and fitness among children and adolescents is a subject currently receiving public attention. This article focuses on the fitness of German pupils (third and fourth grades) in five schools in Berlin with widely differing social catchment areas as well as children from differing social backgrounds. Besides an orthopaedic examination and…

Pfister, Gertrud; Reeg, Annemarie

2006-01-01

167

Students' Overreliance on Proportionality: Evidence from Primary School Pupils Solving Arithmetic Word Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Building on previous research on the tendency in students of diverse ages to overrely on proportionality in different domains of mathematics (e.g., geometry, probability), this study shows that--when confronted with missing-value word problems--Flemish primary school pupils strongly tend to apply proportional solution strategies, also in cases…

Van Dooren, Wim; De Bock, Dirk; Hessels, An; Janssens, Dirk; Verschaffel, Lieven

2004-01-01

168

Pupils' Experience of Being Motivated to Learn in School: An Empirical Phenomenological Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to explore and describe the essence of pupils' experiences of motivation in school. The empirical material has been gathered in Sweden through self-reports and focus groups and analysed by means of an empirical phenomenological method. The research results show that two constituents--interest and progress--are…

Szklarski, Andrzej

2011-01-01

169

The Nature, Extent and Effects of Emotional Abuse on Primary School Pupils by Teachers in Zimbabwe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data of reported cases of emotional abuse were collected from six Zimbabwe education offices and a questionnaire was administered to 150 primary school teacher trainees and 300 teachers. The majority of participants believe that shouting, scolding, use of vulgarities, humiliation, and negative labeling of pupils is done by female teachers.…

Shumba, Almon

2002-01-01

170

The Peer Relationships of Primary School Pupils with Poor Attendance Records  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research study presented in this article was conducted because of the surprising paucity of research findings on the effect of significant absence from primary school on peer relationships. Participants in the study were Year 6 pupils, 140 of whom had attendance records of 80% or less in both Years 2 and 6. Of the 140, 133 were matched with…

Carroll, H. C. M.

2011-01-01

171

The Views of Primary Pupils on School Attendance at Key Stage 2 in Wales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides new empirical evidence on primary pupils' views on school attendance in Wales at Key Stage 2. The research was conducted as part of the specific evidence commissioned by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) for the National Behaviour and Attendance Review (NBAR) in Wales which was chaired by the lead author. The findings…

Reid, Ken; Challoner, Caroline; Lancett, Ann; Jones, Glenda; Rhysiart, Gwion Ap; Challoner, Sally

2010-01-01

172

The Views of Primary Pupils at Key Stage 2 on School Behaviour in Wales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides empirical evidence on primary pupils' views on school behaviour in Wales at Key Stage 2. The research was conducted as part of the specific evidence commissioned by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) for the National Behaviour and Attendance Review (NBAR) in Wales which was chaired by the lead author. The findings indicate…

Reid, Ken; Challoner, Caroline; Lancett, Ann; Jones, Glenda; Rhysiart, Gwion Ap; Challoner, Sally

2010-01-01

173

Applying Solution-Focused Questions with Primary School Pupils: A Hong Kong Teacher's Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a reality of schools today that most teachers are overwhelmed by daily demands on their time and energy. In particular, they find it difficult to allocate enough extra time for purposes of counselling individual pupils with problems. Any arrangement that enables them to fulfil this counselling role quickly and effectively--and with positive…

Lam, Cici; Yuen, Mantak

2008-01-01

174

Fiscal Procedures for Special Education Pupil Reimbursement. Revised for 1998-99 School Year.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is a compilation of fiscal procedures and instructions to assist Illinois local education agencies in claiming reimbursement for special education services for the 1998-99 school year. It contains: (1) general instructions for completing the Special Education Pupil Reimbursement form; (2) instructions for filling out sections…

Illinois State Board of Education, Springfield. Center for Fiscal and Shared Services.

175

Reading Strategies and Approaches to Learning of Bilingual Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported here investigated primary school pupils' use of reading strategies. The study differed from most of the previous studies on reading strategies in that (1) the participants were young bilinguals in multicultural Singapore; (2) the data were examined within the Student Approaches to Learning (SAL) framework developed by John…

Rao, Zhenhui; Gu, Peter Yongqi; Zhang, Lawrence Jun; Hu, Guangwei

2007-01-01

176

Respiratory Health among Korean Pupils in Relation to Home, School and Outdoor Environment  

PubMed Central

There are few studies about school-environment in relation to pupils' respiratory health, and Korean school-environment has not been characterized. All pupils in 4th grade in 12 selected schools in three urban cities in Korea received a questionnaire (n = 2,453), 96% participated. Gaseous pollutants and ultrafine particles (UFPs) were measured indoors (n = 34) and outdoors (n = 12) during winter, 2004. Indoor dampness at home was investigated by the questionnaire. To evaluate associations between respiratory health and environment, multiple logistic- and multi-level regression models were applied adjusting for potential confounders. The mean age of pupils was 10 yr and 49% were boys. No school had mechanical ventilation and CO2-levels exceeded 1,000 ppm in all except one of the classrooms. The indoor mean concentrations of SO2, NO2, O3 and formaldehyde were 0.6 µg/m3, 19 µg/m3, 8 µg/m3 and 28 µg/m3, respectively. The average level of UFPs was 18,230 pt/cm3 in the classrooms and 16,480 pt/cm3 outdoors. There were positive associations between wheeze and outdoor NO2, and between current asthma and outdoor UFPs. With dampness at home, pupils had more wheeze. In conclusion, outdoor UFPs and even low levels of NO2 may adversely contribute to respiratory health in children. High CO2-levels in classrooms and indoor dampness/mold at home should be reduced.

Elfman, Lena; Wieslander, Gunilla; Ferm, Martin; Toren, Kjell; Norback, Dan

2011-01-01

177

Why Do Faith Secondary Schools Have Advantaged Intakes? The Relative Importance of Neighbourhood Characteristics, Social Background and Religious Identification amongst Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores reasons why secondary schools with a religious character have pupil intakes that are of a higher social background and ability than their secular counterparts. We show that this is especially true across all regions in England once the characteristics of the pupils living in the local neighbourhoods are taken into account. Data…

Allen, Rebecca; West, Anne

2011-01-01

178

Dampness, food habits, and sick building syndrome symptoms in elementary school pupils  

PubMed Central

Objectives We investigated dampness/mold in schools and dwellings, and food habits and subjective symptoms in elementary school pupils, in order to clarify the effect of dampness and food habits on subjective symptoms in elementary school pupils. Methods Questionnaires were used to investigate dampness in classrooms and dwellings in Hokkaido, Japan, and its effect on subjective symptoms in 1,077 pupils in 8 elementary schools. We used a dampness index for both the home and classroom; the index was the sum of the presence of four dampness indicators: (1) visible mold, (2) moldy odor, (3) water leakage, and (4) condensation on windowpanes. The questionnaire also contained queries about food habits, as follows: the frequency of eating breakfast, whether the energy provided by the school lunch was sufficient, and whether eating too many snacks and/or sweets were consumed. Adjusted logistic regression was used to determine whether dampness and food habits were related to the subjective symptoms. Results In fully adjusted models, the home dampness index was significantly related to cough, general symptoms, and having at least one symptom; the classroom dampness index was significantly related to nasal symptoms. In addition, usually not eating breakfast was significantly related to eye symptoms, and too many snacks and/or sweets was significantly related to eye, nasal, and general symptoms. Conclusions Both home and classroom dampness can affect pupils’ health. Home dampness, in particular, was significantly related to cough and general symptoms, and classroom dampness was significantly related to nasal symptoms. Furthermore, favorable food habits have a positive effect on pupils’ subjective symptoms.

Nakagi, Yoshihiko; Ito, Toshihiro; Sugioka, Yoshihiko; Endo, Hitoshi; Yoshida, Takahiko

2010-01-01

179

Does Teacher Training Affect Pupil Learning? Evidence from Matched Comparisons in Jerusalem Public Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most research on the relationship between teacher characteristics and pupil achievement focuses on salaries, experience, and education. The effect of in-service training has received less attention. We estimate the effect of in-service teacher training on achievements in Jerusalem elementary schools using a matched-comparison design. Differences-in-differences, regression, and matching estimates suggest training in secular schools lead to an improvement in test

Victor Lavy

2001-01-01

180

Mainstreaming EMR Pupils at the Secondary Level: A Consideration of the Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines frequently-voiced objections to mainstreaming educable mentally retarded (EMR) students at the secondary level. These focus on the inability of school structures and curriculum to adapt to EMR students' special needs. He finds in these objections not a case against mainstreaming, but a case for school change. (SJL)

Powers, David A.

1979-01-01

181

The Actual and Potential Participation of Primary School Pupils at Parents' Evenings: A Challenge to the Established Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As curricular development in Scotland espoused the importance of pupil participation, the extent to which this has been embedded across teachers' pedagogy into assessment and reporting practices warranted investigation. This article reports a mixed-methods study with parents, pupils and teachers from three Scottish primary schools that…

Inglis, Gillian H.

2014-01-01

182

The Effect of LEGO Training on Pupils' School Performance in Mathematics, Problem Solving Ability and Attitude: Swedish Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of one year of regular "LEGO" training on pupils' performances in schools. The underlying pedagogical perspective is the constructivist theory, where the main idea is that knowledge is constructed in the mind of the pupil by active learning. The investigation has been made in two steps. The…

Hussain, Shakir; Lindh, Jorgen; Shukur, Ghazi

2006-01-01

183

Influence of a Physical Education Teacher's Disability on Middle School Pupils' Learning and Perceptions of Teacher Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Limited research has investigated the problems encountered by physical education teachers who have disabilities and instruct able-bodied pupils. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a physical education teacher's disability on middle school pupils' perceptions of the teacher's competence and their learning. Participants were…

Bryant, Lance G.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D.

2009-01-01

184

‘You realise it could happen to you’: the benefits to pupils of young mothers delivering school sex education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents data from a study of four projects in which young mothers deliver school sex education sessions, with the aim of giving pupils ‘informed choices’ regarding their sexual behaviour. Eleven focus group discussions were carried out with pupils, and semi?structured interviews were carried out with 14 young mothers in order to assess the extent to which the sessions

Judi Kidger

2004-01-01

185

Evaluation and Participation in Secondary Education: Designing and Validating a Self-Evaluation Instrument for Teachers to Solicit Feedback from Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the validation of a self-evaluation instrument for teachers in secondary education to solicit feedback from their pupils regarding specific aspects of the teacher's practice in class. This 92-item instrument--Teachers Learn from Pupils-Secondary Education (TLP-SE)--assesses 10 relevant classroom environment dimensions:…

Van Petegem, Peter; Deneire, Alexia; De Maeyer, Sven

2008-01-01

186

Pupil mobility and educational achievement in schools: an empirical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the problems facing education policy-makers is how to raise achievement in schools. Improving schools and raising achievement requires, at the very least, an understanding of the factors influencing performance in schools. Previous research has looked at a number of factors, including quality of teaching and learning, patterns of resource use, gender, ethnicity, social class and socio-economic background in

Feyisa Demie

2002-01-01

187

Pupil Participation in School Cleaning: A Comparative Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a survey on how school cleaning is carried out in 103 countries throughout the world. Based on a comparative analysis of the collected data, the countries are classified into three types: 1) janitorial type, where janitors, or special cleansing personnel, clean the school, 2) janitor-pupillary type, where janitors do the school cleaning…

Okihara, Yutaka

1978-01-01

188

Science in Primary Schools: An Investigation into Differences in the Attainment and Attitudes of Pupils across Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Performance Indicators in Primary Schools (PIPS) project monitors the attainment and self-concept of pupils from the age of 4 to age 11. The relationships between achievement and self-concept in science and a series of other variables including home circumstances, homework, television viewing, and teasing are considered. Very significant…

Tymms, Peter

1997-01-01

189

Fungal DNA, allergens, mycotoxins and associations with asthmatic symptoms among pupils in schools from Johor Bahru, Malaysia.  

PubMed

While there is a large variation of prevalence of asthma symptoms worldwide, what we do know is that it is on the rise in developing countries. However, there are few studies on allergens, moulds and mycotoxin exposure in schools in tropical countries. The aims were to measure selected fungal DNA, furry pet allergens and mycotoxins in dust samples from schools in Malaysia and to study associations with pupils' respiratory health effects. Eight secondary schools and 32 classrooms in Johor Bahru, Malaysia were randomly selected. A questionnaire with standardized questions was used for health assessment in 15 randomly selected pupils from each class. The school buildings were inspected and both indoor and outdoor climate were measured. Dust samples were collected by cotton swabs and Petri dishes for fungal DNA, mycotoxins and allergens analysis. The participation rate was 96% (462/480 invited pupils), with a mean age of 14 yr (range 14-16). The pupils mostly reported daytime breathlessness (41%), parental asthma or allergy (22%), pollen or pet allergy (21%) and doctor-diagnosed asthma (13%) but rarely reported night-time breathlessness (7%), asthma in the last 12 months (3%), medication for asthma (4%) or smoking (5%). The inspection showed that no school had any mechanical ventilation system, but all classrooms had openable windows that were kept open during lectures. The mean building age was 16 yr (range 3-40) and the mean indoor and outdoor CO(2) levels were 492 ppm and 408 ppm, respectively. The mean values of indoor and outdoor temperature and relative humidity were the same, 29°C and 70% respectively. In cotton swab dust samples, the Geometric Mean (GM) value for total fungal DNA and Aspergillus/Penicillium (Asp/Pen) DNA in swab samples (Cell Equivalents (CE)/m(2)) was 5.7*10(8) and 0.5*10(8), respectively. The arithmetic mean (CE/m(2)) for Aspergillus versicolor DNA was 8780, Stachybotrys chartarum DNA was 26 and Streptomyces DNA was 893. The arithmetic means (pg/m(2)) for the mycotoxins sterigmatocystin and verrucarol were 2547 and 17, respectively. In Petri dish dust samples, the GM value for total fungal DNA and Asp/Pen DNA (CE/m(2) per day) was 9.2*10(6) and 1.6*10(6), respectively. The arithmetic mean (CE/m(2) per day) for A. versicolor DNA was 1478, S. chartarum DNA was 105 and Streptomyces DNA was 1271, respectively. The GM value for cat (Fel d1) allergen was 5.9 ng/m(2) per day. There were positive associations between A. versicolor DNA, wheeze and daytime breathlessness and between Streptomyces DNA and doctor-diagnosed asthma. However, the associations were inverse between S. chartarum DNA and daytime breathlessness and between verrucarol and daytime breathlessness. In conclusion, fungal DNA and cat allergen contamination were common in schools from Malaysia and there was a high prevalence of respiratory symptoms among pupils. Moreover, there were associations between levels of some fungal DNA and reported respiratory health in the pupils. PMID:21457336

Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Jamal Hisham; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Bloom, Erica; Larsson, Lennart; Lampa, Erik; Norbäck, Dan

2011-05-01

190

Nutrient-based standards for school lunches complement food-based standards and improve pupils' nutrient intake profile.  

PubMed

Following concerns about the nutritional content of school lunches and the increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UK, changes to the standards of school meals were made. From September 2008, all primary schools in England were required, by law, to be fully compliant with the new food-based standards (FBS) and nutrient-based standards (NBS) for school lunches. The aim of the present survey was to evaluate the introduction of the NBS for school lunches on the nutritional profile of food and drink items provided by schools and chosen by pupils at lunchtime. A nationally representative sample of 6696 pupils from 136 primary schools in England aged 3-12 years and having school lunches was recruited. Data were collected on lunchtime food and drink provision at each school and on pupil food and drink choices at lunchtime. Caterers also provided planned menus, recipes and other cooking information. Compliance with both the FBS and NBS was then assessed. Results show that even when the FBS was met, many schools did not provide a school lunch that met the NBS as well. The average school lunch eaten was significantly lower in fat, saturated fat and Na in schools that met both the FBS and NBS for school lunches compared with schools that met only the FBS. Change in school lunch policy has contributed to improvements in pupils' choices and the nutritional profile of foods selected at lunchtime. PMID:21736822

Haroun, Dalia; Wood, Lesley; Harper, Clare; Nelson, Michael

2011-08-01

191

Towards the development of self-regulation in pupils experiencing social and emotional behavioural difficulties (SEBD)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper focuses upon the development of self-regulation as it pertains to pupils experiencing social and emotional behavioural difficulties (SEBD) within the context of a case study evaluating an intervention, designed and implemented by the author, to support such pupils within a Scottish secondary school situated in an area of multiple deprivation. The paper examines the extent to which pupils

Joan Gaynor Mowat

2010-01-01

192

Pupils' perspectives on racism and differential treatment by teachers: on stragglers, the ill and being deviant  

Microsoft Academic Search

While British educational researchers have given considerable attention to issues of racism, little attention has been given to how pupils themselves perceive differential teacher treatment and how such views relate to pupils' claims of teacher racism and racial discrimination. This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one English and two Flemish (Belgian) secondary schools to investigate pupils' perceptions of teachers'

Peter A. J. Stevens

2009-01-01

193

What Kind of Place Is Secondary School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school introduces students to a public space that differs from the private spaces commonly found in elementary schools. One of the markers signaling a transition from private to public space is the use of discourse. Secondary schools are places where social practices reject the democratic and caring activities found in the elementary…

Hayes, Monie; Vivian, Craig

2008-01-01

194

Preventive oral health practices of school pupils in Southern Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Background One of the goals of the World Health Organisation goal is to ensure increased uptake of preventive oral self-care by 2020. This would require the design public health programmes that will ensure children place premium on preventive oral health care uptake. One effort in that direction is the need for countries to define baseline measures on use of preventive oral self-care measures by their population as well as identify factors that impact on its use. This study aims to determine the prevalence and the impact of age and sex on the use of recommended oral self-care measures by pupils in Southern Nigeria. Methods Pupils age 8 to 16 years (N?=?2,676) in two urban sites in Southern Nigeria completed a questionnaire about recommended oral self-care (use of fluoridated toothpaste, flossing, regularity of consuming sugary snacks between main meals), time of the last dental check-up and cigarette smoking habit. Chi square was used to test association between age (8-10years, 11–16 years), sex, and use of recommended oral self-care. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of use of recommended oral self-care. Results Only 7.8% of the study population practiced the recommended oral self-care. Older adolescents had an 8.0% increased odds (OR: 1.08; CI:0.81–1.43; p?=?0.61) and males had a 20.0% decreased odds (OR: 0.80; CI:0.60-1.06; p?=?0.12) of practicing recommended oral self-care though observed differences were not statistically significant. Very few respondents (12.7%) had visited the dental clinic for a check-up in the last one year. Majority of the respondents (92.2%) were non-smokers. Conclusions The use of a combination of oral self-care approaches was very low for this study population. Age and sex were predictive factors for the use of components of the oral self-care measures but not significant predictors of use of recommended oral self-care. Future studies would be required to understand ‘why’ and ‘how’ age and sex impacts on the use of caries preventive oral self-care measures to be able to design effective prevention educational programmes for the study population.

2014-01-01

195

Effect of Constructivist-Based Teaching Strategy on Academic Performance of Students in Integrated Science at the Junior Secondary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrated science plays vital role in Nigerian science education programme because it prepares pupils at the Junior Secondary School level for the study of core science subjects at the Senior Secondary School level which in turn brings about students' interest in science oriented courses at the tertiary institutions. Despite government's efforts…

Bimbola, Oludipe; Daniel, Oludipe I.

2010-01-01

196

The Self-Esteem of Pupils in Schools for Pupils with Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties: Myth and Reality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The self-esteem of pupils has long been regarded as a key variable affecting both pupils' learning and behaviour, although the relationship between the two may not be as strong as many in education have always assumed. In this article, Jeremy Swinson, an educational psychologist and honorary lecturer in educational psychology at Liverpool John…

Swinson, Jeremy

2008-01-01

197

75 FR 65975 - Exchange Visitor Program-Secondary School Students  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exchange Visitor Program--Secondary School Students AGENCY: United States Department...Department is revising existing Secondary School Student regulations regarding the screening, selection, school enrollment, orientation, and...

2010-10-27

198

Probability Experiments in the Secondary School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article, created by L.W. Gates of Gillingham Technical High School, describes complete instructions for two probability experiments targeting middle school aged students. The author states, "Probability theory is taught as part of the normal curriculum in most secondary schools, but it is not usually possible, due to shortage of time, lack of equipment, or teacher reluctance to perform probability experiments." This lesson attempts to alleviate these issues in a secondary school setting.

Gates, L. W.

2009-04-17

199

Solid waste management problems in secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Inappropriate solid waste management practices in schools in less-developed countries, particularly in major urban communities, constitute one of the major factors leading to declining environmental health conditions. The objective of the authors' descriptive, cross-sectional study was to assess solid waste management problems in selected urban schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Eight secondary schools with average pupil populations not less than 500 per school were selected randomly. Four hundred questionnaires (50 per school) were administered. In addition, an observational checklist was used to assess the physical environment. Paper and plastics were the most frequently generated wastes. Common methods of solid waste disposal reported were use of dustbins for collection and open burning. Major problems perceived with current refuse disposal methods by the study students were odors, pest infestation, and spillages. Littering and spillages of solid waste were also common features reported. Data suggested inadequate waste management facilities and practices in study schools. The lack of refuse bins may have contributed to waste spillages and the burning practices. Odors may have arisen from both the decay of overstored organic waste rich in moisture and emissions from refuse burning. This scenario poses a community environmental health nuisance and may compromise school environmental quality. PMID:21949981

Ana, G R E E; Oloruntoba, E O; Shendell, D; Elemile, O O; Benjamin, O R; Sridhar, M K C

2011-09-01

200

How Class Size Reduction Mediates Secondary Students' Learning: Hearing the Pupil Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the question of why and how class size can make a difference to teaching and learning from the students' perspective. Secondary school contexts and, in particular, the students' own voice on the issue of class size represent an under-researched area for class size studies. This paper draws on data from three case studies that…

Harfitt, Gary James

2012-01-01

201

Albinism in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools: A Double Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pupils with albinism potentially face a number of challenges in accessing quality education in schools in Botswana. Physical issues such as poor eyesight related to the condition and the problems of sensitive skin in such a dry and warm climate are both contributing factors to making learning problematic for some pupils. This study by Gareth Dart…

Dart, Gareth; Nkanotsang, Tiroyaone; Chizwe, Ose; Kowa, Lily

2010-01-01

202

Effective Schools: Do Elementary Prescriptions Fit Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the recent research identifying organizational characteristics that seem to make schools unusually effective has been conducted at the elementary level and may not be applicable to secondary schools. Research currently underway suggests that the basic organizational structures of elementary and secondary schools dictate two different…

Firestone, William A.; Herriott, Robert E.

203

School Bullying as a Creator of Pupil Peer Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research into school bullying has a long tradition but a rather narrow scope. Many prevention programmes have been designed, but despite extensive investigation, most studies suggest that bullying is not decreasing. There is something paradoxical in this phenomenon. In order to have any real impact on some phenomena, thorough…

Hamarus, Paivi; Kaikkonen, Pauli

2008-01-01

204

Subject Choice and Occupational Aspirations among Pupils at Girls' Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Various studies have found that British girls' curriculum subject preferences and future aspirations have changed and diversified in recent years. Other work has suggested that girls educated in single-sex schools might have a different (perhaps less gender-stereotypical) experience of education in comparison with their contemporaries at…

Francis, Becky; Hutchings, Merryn; Archer, Louise; Amelling, Lindsay

2003-01-01

205

Negotiating Language, Culture and Pupil Agency in Complementary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, I examine the teaching of language and culture and in particular the use of songs as curriculum in two London Turkish complementary schools. Drawing on a series of interconnected classroom vignettes, I look at how children weave together their semiotic resources to negotiate and transform two songs and the talk and action around…

Lytra, Vally

2011-01-01

206

A study of Nigerian pupils' understanding of selected biological concepts  

Microsoft Academic Search

120 Nigerian Secondary school biology pupils, mostly aged 16–18, were interviewed individually to assess their level of understanding of a range of biological concepts. The concepts were related to growth, reproduction, and transport mechanisms within living organisms. The responses of each pupil were scored and examined to determine whether they revealed concrete or formal operational thinking. Given 21 opportunities to

Eunice A. C. Okeke; Colin Wood-Robinson

1980-01-01

207

Secondary School Teachers' Personal and School Characteristics, Experience of Violence and Perceived Violence Motives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social cohesion in school is reflected in social discrimination processes and the complementary social roles of teachers, pupils, other staff and pupils' relatives. School social cohesion varies in level from high, characterised by prosocial interactions, to low, characterised by antisocial or violent interactions. Antisocial behaviour is usually…

Mooij, Ton

2011-01-01

208

Using Pupil Perspective Research to Inform Teacher Pedagogy: What Caribbean Pupils with Dyslexia Say about Teaching and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transformative potential of pupils' voices is well documented in past research by Pedder and McIntyre; and Cooper and McIntyre. In this qualitative research, I utilise a social constructivist framework by Vygotsky to ask pupils with dyslexia about the kinds of teacher strategies that they find helpful to their learning at secondary school in…

Blackman, Stacey

2011-01-01

209

THE ENGLISH CURRICULUM IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AT THE INVITATION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS (NASSP), A SPECIAL COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF TEACHERS OF ENGLISH HAS PREPARED A SYMPOSIUM OF PAPERS ON NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE ENGLISH SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM. ARTICLES ON IMPORTANT ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH ARE--(1) "SIX MAJOR…

SEYFERT, WARREN C.

210

Reported heterosexual intercourse and related behaviours among primary school pupils in Kinondoni district, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 2820 pupils in 22 randomly selected primary schools in Kinondoni district, Tanzania. The objective was to identify the proportion of pupils who reported ever having had sexual intercourse, as well as sociodemographic and psychosocial factors and other sexual-related behaviours associated with heterosexual intercourse among pupils. About 13% (376) of participating pupils reported having had heterosexual intercourse. The proportion of pupils who reported doing so varied significantly by age, sex, school grade and parents' education. Regarding psychosocial factors, pupils who agreed that having sexual intercourse implies love for a partner and that sexual intercourse creates peer approval were significantly more likely to report having had heterosexual intercourse. Pupils who reported having a girl/boy friend, kissed a boy/girl, engaged in light petting, engaged in heavy petting or practised oral sex and anal sex were more likely to report ever having heterosexual intercourse. The implications for programme and intervention development are discussed. PMID:23140465

Kakoko, Deodatus C V

2013-01-01

211

Female Dropouts in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A serious problem in Botswana is the large number of girls and young women who drop out of school. Just over half of the female population attends secondary schools, and the percentage of school-enrolled females has fallen in recent years. Few researchers have studied the dropout problem in Botswana. Twenty-four individuals selected for this study…

Makwinja-Morara, Veronica

2009-01-01

212

Evaluating Montbrillant Lower Secondary School in Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does Geneva's Montbrillant lower secondary school, which has now been in use for one year, meet the objectives targeted when it was designed? Does the new school respond to the needs and expectations of staff and students? Questions such as these serve to evaluate the quality of a school building once in use and tie in with work supported by PEB…

Simioni, Sandro

2004-01-01

213

Principals' Leadership Behaviors in Gang-Impacted High Schools and Their Effects on Pupil Climate.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although viable leadership models for schools with differing social contexts are in great demand, empirical studies of high school principals have not produced consistent results. This paper summarizes part of a larger project designed to identify leadership behaviors of principals in "gang-impacted" and other secondary schools. The research was…

Schwartz, Audrey J.

214

Pupil Disaffection in Areas of Socio-Economic Disadvantage: Implications for Effective School Leadership  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines specific elements of a much wider study that attempted to ascertain the reasons for under-achievement in a large comprehensive school in the Welsh valleys. Specific Academic performance at General Certificate of Secondary Education (G.C.S.E.) level was poor in Randall, the main case school, in relation to other schools with…

Lloyd-Nesling, Norma

2006-01-01

215

Guidelines for the Development and Implementation of School District Governing Board Policies Related to Pupil-Passenger Conduct.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the level of school transportation services being provided Statewide in California, there is a need for the establishment and enforcement of realistic school board policies to assure the efficient and effective administration and operation of pupil transportation systems. The purpose of this bulletin is to provide guidelines for…

Decker, Erwin A., Comp.; McDougall, Stanley, Comp.

216

Using Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Intervention in School Settings with Pupils Who Have Externalizing Behavioural Difficulties: An Unexpected Result  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a growing interest in the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in school settings by educational psychologists in England. This small-scale study set out to explore the effectiveness of a school-based, eight-session CBT intervention for 12-13-year-old children with externalizing behavioural difficulties. Twelve pupils were…

Squires, Garry; Caddick, Katie

2012-01-01

217

Pupils' Perceptions of Geography in Dutch Primary Schools: Goals, Outcomes, Classrooms Environment, and Teacher Knowledge and Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concerns about the decreasing quality of geography education within primary schools can be linked to a decrease of time spent on geography education and, for example, to low achievement on national or school-specific tests. Learning outcomes for geography stay behind in relation to what experts believe that pupils should perform. Results indicate…

Bent, Gert Jan; Bakx, Anouke; den Brok, Perry

2014-01-01

218

Preliminary Results of a Comprehensive Approach to Prevent Antisocial Behaviour in Preschool and Primary School Pupils in Luxembourg  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pilot study evaluated the preliminary short- and middle-term impact of a nation-wide, school-based prevention initiative on antisocial behaviour of preschool and primary school pupils in Luxembourg. Seventeen preschool and reception classes (n = 183) were assigned to intervention and comparison conditions. The intervention included…

Petermann, Franz; Natzke, Heike

2008-01-01

219

Reproductive knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of secondary school students in akure, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Adolescents are subject to many life changes as their secondary sexual characteristics emerge. Contrary to parents' and society's wishes, these young people are more sexually active then previous generations and thus at greater risk of unwanted pregnancies, sexually transmitted diseases, and related problems. Adolescents enrolled in school have the potential opportunity to learn ways to prevent these reproductive and sexual health problems, but there is concern whether schools are living up to this challenge. Therefore, this study was designed to learn whether adolescents in secondary school in the Ondo State capital of Akure have reproductive health education and are practicing healthy sexual behaviors. The study was based on a sample of six of the twenty-eight secondary schools in Akure that fell under the jurisdiction of the Ondo State Post-Primary Schools' Management Board. Focus was placed on pupils in the final years of both Junior Secondary School (JSS 3) and Senior Secondary School (SSS 3). Overall, 30 percent of the young people reported having sexual intercourse: 21 percent of females and 38 percent of males. Also 39 percent in SSS 3 reported having had sex compared to 21 percent in JSS 3. Forty percent of students in coeducational school compared to 19 percent in boy's school and 8 percent in girl's school had sex. Respondents averaged only 11 points on a 33-point scale of reproductive health knowledge. Students in the senior classes and those in single sex schools scored higher. The mass media was stated to be the major source of reproductive health knowledge; only one-third reported that they had actually talked with someone about their reproductive health concerns. Attitudes toward pre-marital sex were more favorable among male students, pupils in mixed sex schools and those whose parents had lower levels of education. These findings suggest not only that the schools must take a more active role in providing reproductive health education, but that this should be done in the junior secondary years before most pupils become sexually active. PMID:20841055

Oladapo, M M; Brieger, W R

1996-01-01

220

Pupils’ attitudes towards mathematics: a comparative study of Norwegian and English secondary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparing English and Norwegian pupils’ attitude towards mathematics, in this article I develop a deeper understanding of\\u000a the factors that may shape and influence ‘pupil attitude towards mathematics’, and argue for it as a socio-cultural construct\\u000a embedded in and shaped by students’ environment and context in which they learn mathematics. The theoretical framework leans\\u000a on work by Zan and Di

Birgit Pepin

2011-01-01

221

Hiring Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's effective school counselors are integral in education reform, school leadership, and student achievement. It is typically the responsibility of building principals to hire effective school counselors. This article builds on previous literature and provides principals with questions to ask and information to gather that may be helpful in…

McGlothlin, Jason M.; Miller, Lynne Guillot

2008-01-01

222

Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

O'Connell, William P.

2012-01-01

223

Sleep disturbances are associated with reduced school achievements in first-grade pupils.  

PubMed

Several previous studies have demonstrated deteriorated scholastic achievements in school-aged children who experience sleep disturbances. In the current study, we examined the association between sleep disturbances during kindergarten (fifth to sixth year of children), and behavior, neurocognitive skills, as well as the children's future academic performance in first grade. The population included 98 kindergarten students who were scheduled to attend first grade. All children/parents filled out a sleep questionnaire and underwent one week of actigraphic sleep/wake study, as well as cognitive and behavioral assessments. Toward the end of first grade achievement evaluation in reading, writing, and arithmetic as well as teachers' evaluations were administrated. Of the 98 pupils, 6 failed the end of first grade's achievement tests (6.1%). When looking at their sleep patterns a year earlier, they had significantly longer sleep latencies (41 +/- 14 vs. 21 +/- 12 min, p < .05), increased arousals from sleep (4.1 +/- 0.9 vs. 1.8 +/- 1.1, p < .01), and lower sleep efficiencies (89.5 +/- 1.1 vs. 94.3 +/- 2.7%, p < .05) than pupils who passed the tests. There were significant correlations between sleep variables and cognitive and behavioral scores. The correlation between sleep efficiency in kindergarten and grades at the end of first year of school was r = .64 (p < .01). Children who failed first grade had significantly inferior sleep patterns. Sleep disturbances were associated with cognitive and emotional immaturity. PMID:20183720

Ravid, Sarit; Afek, Iris; Suraiya, Suheir; Shahar, Eli; Pillar, Giora

2009-01-01

224

Team Approaches to Leadership in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the concept of a dual cultural and political perspective for analyzing interaction. It also illustrates how this dual perspective can explain how senior management teams (SMTs) operate in English secondary schools, in which senior faculty profess commitment to teamwork. Methodology included: (1) case studies of six secondary

Wallace, Mike; Hall, Valerie

225

Functional Learning Curricula in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author addresses the issue of the match between traditional secondary school curriculum and the skills/competencies needed by many handicapped students. A functional model used by the Department of Defense Dependents Schools is discussed in terms of individualized programing, modification/addition of competencies, scheduling, generalizability…

Wimmer, Diane

1981-01-01

226

Alternative schools for troublesome secondary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of a field experiment indicate that a certain kind of secondary school program reduced the disruptive behavior and improved the scholastic performance of students who were about to be suspended or expelled from their conventional schools. The research indicates that the program was demonstrably effective only with those students who were not at the outset extremely depressed and anxious.

Martin Gold; David W. Mann

1982-01-01

227

Endotoxin, ergosterol, fungal DNA and allergens in dust from schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia- associations with asthma and respiratory infections in pupils.  

PubMed

There are few studies on associations between respiratory health and allergens, fungal and bacterial compounds in schools in tropical countries. The aim was to study associations between respiratory symptoms in pupils and ethnicity, chemical microbial markers, allergens and fungal DNA in settled dust in schools in Malaysia. Totally 462 pupils (96%) from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated. Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of different types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol, allergens and five fungal DNA sequences. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 13.1% pupils reported doctor's diagnosed asthma, 10.3% wheeze and 21.1% pollen or pet allergy. Indian and Chinese children had less atopy and asthma than Malay. Carbon dioxide levels were low (380-690 ppm). No cat (Fel d1), dog (Can f 1) or horse allergens (Ecu cx) were detected. The levels of Bloomia tropicalis (Blo t), house dust mite allergens (Der p 1, Der f 1, Der m 1) and cockroach allergens (Per a 1 and Bla g 1) were low. There were positive associations between levels of Aspergillus versicolor DNA and daytime breathlessness, between C14 3-OH and respiratory infections and between ergosterol and doctors diagnosed asthma. There were negative (protective) associations between levels of C10 3-OH and wheeze, between C16 3-OH and day time and night time breathlessness, between cockroach allergens and doctors diagnosed asthma. Moreover there were negative associations between amount of fine dust, total endotoxin (LPS) and respiratory infections. In conclusion, endotoxin at school seems to be mainly protective for respiratory illness but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. Fungal contamination measured as ergosterol and Aspergillus versicolor DNA can be risk factors for respiratory illness. The ethnical differences for atopy and asthma deserve further attention. PMID:24523884

Norbäck, Dan; Markowicz, Pawel; Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Zheng, Yi-Wu; Lai, Xu-Xin; Spangfort, Michael Dho; Larsson, Lennart; Hashim, Jamal Hisham

2014-01-01

228

Trauma symptoms in pupils involved in school bullying--a cross sectional study conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

PubMed

To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12-14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check List for Children (TSCC). The pupils involved in the school violence, either as victims, bullies, bully/victims had significantly more trauma symptoms than the not involved. Involvement in school bullying as a bully/ victim was a strong indicator of trauma symptoms, particularly anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, obvious dissociation, and dissociation fantasy symptoms, while the victims of school violence had the highest odds ratio for the development of depressive symptoms. There is strong association between bullying and trauma symptoms in young adolescents. From our results, emphasis should be placed at the regularly screening on bullying in praxis of family physicians and regularly conduction of preventive measures and early intervention in every primary school. PMID:23697244

Obrdalj, Edita Cerni; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klari?, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

2013-03-01

229

ESTEEM - Encouraging School Transportation Effective Energy Management - Fuel Economy Management Handbook for Directors of Pupil Transportation, School District Administrators, Transportation Department Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is a guide for school districts to reduce pupil transportation costs and save energy. The information presented is based upon: (1) energy saving programs implemented by school districts; (2) government and industry research efforts in fuel economy; (3) the successful experiences of commercial trucking fleets to save fuel; and (4)…

BRI Systems, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.

230

School Achievement of Pupils from the Lower Strata in Public, Private Government-Dependent and Private Government-Independent Schools: A Cross-National Test of the Coleman-Hoffer Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the PISA 2000 data on European high schools. In the eighty's, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance of these pupils was better at religious…

Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap

2006-01-01

231

Who Makes It to Secondary School? Determinants of Transition to Secondary Schools in Rural India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite considerable progress made, a significant proportion of children continue to drop out before reaching secondary school in India. This study investigates factors influencing parental decision-making with regard to children's secondary schooling in the context of a rural area of Uttar Pradesh. The study finds that cost, distance to the…

Siddhu, Gaurav

2011-01-01

232

Social Competency Training Goes to School: Pupil Involvement in the Classroom through Problem-Solving with People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a "systems" approach to school-based social competency training has been highlighted by a national commission and the U.S. Department of Education. The Pupil Involvement/Problem-Solving with People (PI/PSP) curriculum has adapted numerous, well-researched social compentency training models targeted for elementary classroom use.…

Hallarman, Prudence R.; And Others

233

"Inclusion Is More than a Place": Exploring Pupil Views and Voice in Belfast Schools through Visual Narrative  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research reported in this article by David Ryan, an adviser for special educational needs and inclusion in Belfast, was based on a participatory approach in which young people in a number of schools were encouraged to develop their ideas about inclusion. The project set out to explore any differences in perceptions between pupils with special…

Ryan, David

2009-01-01

234

Impact of Mainstreaming and Disability Visibility on Social Representations of Disability and Otherness Held by Junior High School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study sought to gauge the impact of integrating pupils with disabilities in ordinary schools on the social representations of disability and otherness held by their classmates. In particular, we studied the effects of the disability's visibility--a visible disability (i.e., cerebral palsy) versus a non-visible disability (i.e.,…

Harma, Kahina; Gombert, Anne; Roussey, Jean-Yves

2013-01-01

235

Socio-Economic Background as an Influence Factor in Pupils' Achievement in Primary Schools in Embu District, Kenya. African Studies in Curriculum Development & Evaluation No. 69.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made to investigate factors contributing to the low performance of primary school pupils in Embu District, Eastern Province, Kenya, both in classrooms and on the Certificate of Primary Education Examination. Two rich rural schools, two urban schools, and two poor rural schools were selected for comparison. From each school, three…

Waweru, Julius Macharia

236

HIV infection among secondary school students in Djibouti, horn of Africa: knowledge, exposure and prevalence.  

PubMed

A study of HIV infection among secondary school students was conducted in Djibouti in February 1990 during a national hepatitis survey. Serology was negative for HIV and syphilis among 294 students (ages 14 to 20 years) in spite of a dramatic increase of HIV seropositivity (as high as 41%), and a high level of syphilis positive serology (up to 46%) among adult high-risk groups such as street prostitutes. Results of a face-to-face interview of these pupils indicated that 64% had a basic knowledge of AIDS. As expected, a much better knowledge of AIDS was found among those who recently received AIDS education. However, 80% of secondary school teenagers did not consider themselves at risk for acquiring HIV. Transmission of HIV among school-children would be possible through sexual activity (22% stated to be sexually active) or parenteral therapy (75% had received at least one intramuscular injection), and not likely through blood transfusion or intravenous drug abuse. Results, close to those of a similar study in Zimbabwe, suggest that AIDS education programme should be given to all secondary school pupils and include public health lectures on syphilis, tuberculosis, and HIV infection. PMID:8293699

Rodier, G R; Morand, J J; Olson, J S; Watts, D M; Said-Salah

1993-07-01

237

Pupil Consultation: The Importance of Social Capital  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We studied how teachers use ideas that pupils offer when they are consulted. Six teachers (two each in English, Maths and Science) and their Year 8 classes at three secondary schools were involved. In this paper we explore the importance of social capital for understanding the processes and dispositions that underpin classroom consultation.…

Pedder, David; McIntyre, Donald

2006-01-01

238

Gender-based violence against female pupils at a high school in northern Zambia  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryGender-based violence was commonly directed against female pupils by teachers and male pupils using non-consensual sex, corporal punishment and abusive language. The victims didn't report the matter for fear of reprisals.ResultsThe pupils were aged between 10 and 21 years (with majority between 16 and 20 years old) and equal gender representation. 29 (58%) pupils reported being sexually abused by teachers,

R E Mtonga

2010-01-01

239

China Curriculum for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist secondary teachers in teaching about China, this guide presents six units about the cultural and political patterns of Chinese life. Following a list of resources and audiovisual distributors, unit 1 provides opportunities to examine similarities and differences in Chinese and American world views, particularly attitudes of…

McBride, Marjorie; And Others

240

Career: Secondary School Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the handbook is to provide a resource to teachers for integrating career education into secondary level subject areas in order to reveal to students the broad range of career possibilities and the relevance of subject matter to the world of work. The first 19 pages of the document discuss the broad objectives of the program, the…

Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC. Pacific Area.

241

HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

PAGE, RAY

242

Key Competencies: Art, Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major competencies are presented for art education courses in grades seven through 12 in the Philadelphia school system. The goal of art education is to promote an understanding of elements and principles of composition and design such as color, line, shape, mass, and texture. Art education should involve students in evaluating, creating, and…

Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

243

Nurture Groups in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nurture groups are school-based interventions that offer specialist support for children and young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties. Initially developed as an early years intervention in the 1970s, nurture groups dwindled in the 1980s but have enjoyed something of a renaissance over the last 15 years. There are now more…

Colley, David

2009-01-01

244

Learning a Musical Instrument: The Influence of Interpersonal Interaction on Outcomes for School-Aged Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in recent years have increasingly placed an emphasis on seeking pupils' perceptions of educational settings. Alongside this shift towards attaching value to the pupil viewpoint has been a growing interest concerning how interpersonal relationships, manifested as control or responsiveness between teachers and pupils or parents and…

Creech, Andrea; Hallam, Susan

2011-01-01

245

Consulting pupils about classroom teaching and learning: policy, practice and response in one school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reports on an ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council) doctoral study which investigated how teachers consulted pupils about teaching and learning in classrooms. Interest in consulting pupils has increased over the last decade; existing research suggests pupils have valuable perspectives on teaching and learning which teachers can usefully draw upon to inform thinking and planning. However, little research

Bethan Morgan

2009-01-01

246

Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…

Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

2013-01-01

247

The impact of a school-based water supply and treatment, hygiene, and sanitation programme on pupil diarrhoea: a cluster-randomized trial.  

PubMed

The impact of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) access on mitigating illness is well documented, although impact of school-based WASH on school-aged children has not been rigorously explored. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial in Nyanza Province, Kenya to assess the impact of a school-based WASH intervention on diarrhoeal disease in primary-school pupils. Two study populations were used: schools with a nearby dry season water source and those without. Pupils attending 'water-available' schools that received hygiene promotion and water treatment (HP&WT) and sanitation improvements showed no difference in period prevalence or duration of illness compared to pupils attending control schools. Those pupils in schools that received only the HP&WT showed similar results. Pupils in 'water-scarce' schools that received a water-supply improvement, HP&WT and sanitation showed a reduction in diarrhoea incidence and days of illness. Our study revealed mixed results on the impact of improvements to school WASH improvements on pupil diarrhoea. PMID:23702047

Freeman, M C; Clasen, T; Dreibelbis, R; Saboori, S; Greene, L E; Brumback, B; Muga, R; Rheingans, R

2014-02-01

248

An Analysis of the Effect of Training and Opportunity to Provide Feedback to Teachers on Pupil Achievement of Specific Objectives in Elementary School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The differences in the change of pupil achievement in elementary school science were analyzed, using a written response, for pupils trained to give immediate feedback to the teacher during instruction and for those trained to give delayed feedback to the teacher at the conclusion of each instructional session. The study also analyzed the effects…

Geer, Charles Emerson

249

What Makes a Test Score? The Respective Contributions of Pupils, Schools and Peers in Achievement in English Primary Education. CEE DP 102  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

What makes a test score? There is a great deal of uncertainty surrounding the exact contribution of school quality, pupil background, and peers in educational achievement. If peers make most of the difference, then diversity and heterogeneous classrooms may narrow the gap between high- and low-performing students. If pupil background is the first…

Kramarz, Francis; Machin, Stephen; Ouazad, Amine

2009-01-01

250

Pupil Accounting for Local and State School Systems. State Educational Records and Reports Series: Handbook V. Bulletin, 1964, No. 39. OE-23035  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin provides a basic guide for the items of information to be used in pupil accounting in the local and State school systems of the United States. Meeting at the call of the U.S. Commissioner of Education in April 1960, a policy committee for the pupil accounting project defined the project's purpose as the development of a manual of…

Putnam, John F., Comp.; Tankard, George G., Jr., Comp.

1964-01-01

251

Does Attendance Kindergarten Affect on Pupils' Mathematics Achievement of Primary School in Makkah, Saudi Arabia? And What Are the Teachers' Expectations?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate if there are any significant differences in the mathematical attainment of pupils' grade one of primary school in Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A) between those pupils who had attended kindergarten and their peers who had not, and whether this effect continued into the second and third grades in…

Kashkary, Samera Y.; Robinson, John F.

2006-01-01

252

Health Risks Information Reaches Secondary School Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess smoking prevention and cessation education delivered as part of the UK National Curriculum and to evaluate the relative effectiveness of health, social influence and other/non-health components. In all, 1789 students aged 11-15 from 12 secondary schools completed online surveys assessing smoking status,…

Ridout, Fran; Charlton, Anne; Hutchison, Iain

2008-01-01

253

Construction: Masonry. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This construction curriculum guide on masonry for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

254

Interests of public secondary-school boys  

Microsoft Academic Search

A summary of investigations concerned with the relation between interest and academic achievement reveals conflicting results. These differences are attributed to 5 inadequacies of the methods of investigation. There follows a report of the construction and administration of an interest inventory for secondary-school boys. A \\

J. W. M. Rothney

1937-01-01

255

Computer Use by Secondary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was firstly to identify the extent to which Iranian secondary school principals used computers and secondly to explore the relationship between a number of variables related to the use of information and communications technology (ICT). Findings indicated that four factors played a role in explaining the level of computer…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Afshari, Marjan; Fooi, Foo Say; Samah, Bahaman Abu

2010-01-01

256

Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

257

Nuclear Arms Education in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference-based report is designed to help secondary school educators with the difficult and important task of deciding how and what to teach about nuclear arms and national security. The booklet intends to build a rationale and to develop a context or framework to assist in selecting approaches, teaching strategies, and appropriate materials…

Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

258

Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

259

Modern Physics In Brazilian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current work reports a research that aimed to update the curriculum for the teaching of Physics. Topics from modern and contemporaneous theories are generally put aside in secondary school classes, for both course programs and formal university background designed to teachers of Physics focus on classic topics. We present the results of some…

Pietrocola, Mauricio

2005-01-01

260

Using the Internet in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides practical information for secondary school teachers on using the Internet to enhance learning. The first chapter looks at how to make the best use of a World Wide Web browser, gives some general tips for using the Web, and examines more advanced topics such as downloading, plug-ins, and using the Web "offline." Tips on searching…

De Cicco, Eta; Farmer, Mike; Hargrave, James

261

Online Catalogs in Secondary School Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer/automated catalogs have been in use in secondary schools for some time and have numerous advantages. A public access catalog (PAC) allows networking with other libraries, use of the Boolean search function, and the retrieval of bibliographic citations from a variety of access points. Moreover, PAC's have recently become more user…

Smith, Donald R.

262

Teaching about Korea in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

Van Decar, Patricia

1988-01-01

263

Are Secondary Schools Spending Enough on Books?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence is provided to illustrate that the current level of spending on books by English secondary schools is low with regard to maintaining existing book stocks and that parental expenditure is not making up the shortfall. An analysis of the inspection regime suggests a tendency to emphasise information and communications technology (ICT) to the…

Hurd, Steve; Mangan, Jean; Adnett, Nick

2005-01-01

264

Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

Thomas, Paul F.

265

Secondary School Curriculum Guide: Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cranston Secondary School Curriculum Guide (9-12) for Industrial Arts is intended to serve as a resource for teachers, students, department chairman, guidance personnel, curriculum planners, and others involved in present or future curriculum planning. At least one broadly stated major objective is provided for each section, encompassing the…

Cranston School Dept., RI.

266

Teaching about Japan in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that a good starting point for social studies curriculum units on Japan at the secondary school level is an analysis of the interrelationships between Japan and the United States. Information is presented on population figures, industrialization, standard of living indicators, consumer price indexes, and crude birth and death rates for…

Richardson, Helen W.

1981-01-01

267

Engaging Secondary School Students in Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "lifelong learning" orientation to education is seen as vital if young people are to thrive in the knowledge rich, constantly-changing world of today and the immediate future. This study identifies ways that the foundations for lifelong learning can be built in secondary schools. "Lifelong Learning" is interpreted as engaging people with…

Bryce, Jennifer; Withers, Graeme

2003-01-01

268

Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

2010-01-01

269

Secondary School Science and Technology in Mauritius.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of secondary school science in Mauritius to identify factors that may have influenced its link to technology of local significance. Reports that while there are many educational and vocational opportunities, the education system is founded on literary lines with examinations. Subsequent selection at different levels has become…

Hunma, Vandana

2002-01-01

270

A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Supply and Pupils' Enrolment in Public and Private Primary Schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2012-01-01

271

Scientists of tomorrow - Geophysics School Lab for Secondary School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.

Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas

2014-05-01

272

The Role of Assessment for Learning in the Management of Primary to Secondary Transition: Implications for Language Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Among the transitions during a pupil's school career, the transfer from primary to secondary school arguably has the most impact. Far from being linear, this transition is a kind of "pupil pilgrim's progress"; a journey with orientations, stops and reorientations, checking and refining skills that the pupils bring with them from primary to…

Jones, Jane

2010-01-01

273

Quality Circles Go to School: Improving School Climate through Pupil, Staff, and Community Involvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Educators concerned with effectiveness outcomes have become increasingly involved with participative organizational and teaching practices designed to improve school climate. Since schools have traditionally emphasized "top down" management and decision-making procedures, few school districts have the experience or expertise to develop and…

Dignan, Patricia J.; Schelkun, Ruth

274

The Identification of More Able Pupils in Comprehensive Schools. Final Report. Part I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A 2-year project investigated the ability of secondary school teachers to identify the top 10 percent of students in each of four subjects, English, French, physics, and mathematics. The students were tested on a wide range of aptitudes and attitudes at the beginning of their third form (ninth grade). Teachers were asked to list students they…

Denton, Cliff; Postlethwaite, Keith

275

Teaching Secondary School Science through Drama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is substantial evidence that teaching science through creative methods increases pupils' motivation and their enjoyment of science. This has been found to be particularly true for those pupils who are not always self-motivated and who find learning easier when less formal techniques are used. Drama is an excellent method of bringing…

Darlington, Helen

2010-01-01

276

Smoking Intensity among Nigerian Secondary Schools Adolescent Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined smoking intensity among secondary school adolescent smokers. A total of 800 students, made up of 685 males and 115 females who have at least tasted a cigarette once, from twenty secondary schools (5 private and 15 public secondary schools) in Benin City, Nigeria participated in the study. A questionnaire was used in collecting…

Imhonde, Henry O.; Aluede, Oyaziwo

2007-01-01

277

Supporting Gifted Students in Hong Kong Secondary Schools: School Policies and Students' Perspectives.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A case study of four Hong Kong schools investigated the perceptions of gifted students towards the regular classroom environment before and after they attended enrichment courses. The schools examined had not developed explicit policies and most pupils were dissatisfied with regular classroom learning, particularly after attending enrichment…

Fai, Pang Ming

2000-01-01

278

Physics: Frightful, but fun. Pupils' and teachers' views of physics and physics teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is widespread concern for the situation of school physics regarding recruitment, contents, teaching methods, etc. In this study based on questionnaire and focus group data, we explore how upper secondary pupils and teachers perceive physics as a subject, how they experience physics instruction, and how physics compares to other subjects.Our study shows that pupils find physics interesting, but difficult and work-intensive; formalistic in nature, but still describing the world and everyday phenomena. Pupils express that exoti topics like astrophysics are closer to their life-world than mechanics etc. Whereas teachers complain about pupils' poor mathematics skills, pupils do not see this as a major problem. Physics instruction is still dominated by traditional content knowledge and seems to attract and reward pupils with this orientation. Pupils have a relatively weak understanding of the central role of experiments in science. Generally, pupils appear conservative in their views on teaching and learning; however, they would like stronger emphasis on qualitative and pupil-centred approaches.Based on our findings, we suggest that an upper secondary physics education preparing pupils for tomorrow's society should be characterized by variety, both within and among courses, integration of mathematics in the physics courses, more pupil-centred instruction, and a stronger emphasis on knowledge in context.

Angell, Carl; Guttersrud, Øystein; Henriksen, Ellen K.; Isnes, Anders

2004-09-01

279

THE EFFECT OF IDENTIFICATION AND DIFFERENTIAL TREATMENT OF GIFTED ELEMENTARY SCHOOL PUPILS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within the framework of a comprehensive research project entitled “The effects of identification and specific treatment of gifted pupils”, this paper deals with the problem of the effects of such a procedure on the attitudes of pupils, their parents, and teachers regarding giftedness and gifted individuals. Attention was mainly directed towards the effects of identification on the development of personality

Vladimir Kolesaric; Ivan Koren

1992-01-01

280

Differential Ability and Attainment in Language and Arithmetic of Dutch Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In preschool and primary education, pupils differ in many abilities and competences (giftedness). Yet mainstream educational practice seems rather homogeneous in providing age-based or grade-class subject matter approaches. Aims: To clarify whether pupils scoring initially at high ability level do develop and attain differently at…

Mooij, Ton; Driessen, Geert

2008-01-01

281

Junior High School Pupils' Understanding of the Particulate Nature of Matter: An Interview Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of eighth grade Israeli pupils was interviewed to assess their understanding of some aspects of the particle model of matter. Results show that a significant position of the sample failed to internalize important aspects of the model. Reinforcement of these aspects in pupils' ongoing learning is recommended. (HM)

Novick, Shimshon; Nussbaum, Joseph

1978-01-01

282

Self-concept, social position and social participation of pupils with SEN in mainstream primary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on a recent research project, this paper questions the literature’s dominant representation of children with special educational needs (SEN) as holding negative perceptions of themselves and being socially isolated. The study examined dimensions of pupils’ self-concept and their social position in their class network. Contrary to previous research, pupils with SEN were found to hold positive perceptions in all

Elias Avramidis

2012-01-01

283

Factors Associated with Student Mobility in Nigerian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to find out why secondary school students changed schools, the trends and the frequency of change of school among them. The data was collected by means of a set of questionnaires administered to 251 final-year students who had moved from one school to another in the course of their secondary education. Analysis showed that…

Ejieh, Michael U. C.

2004-01-01

284

Health Rights in Secondary Schools: Student and Staff Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the perspectives of secondary school students and staff about the extent to which young people's health rights are catered for at school. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the concept of Health-Promoting Schools encourage the provision of healthy school environments. A postal survey of secondary

Smith, Anne B.; Gaffney, Michael; Nairn, Karen

2004-01-01

285

Issues in Pupil Transportation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this book is to present the critical issues in pupil transportation that will confront pupil transportation supervisors in local school districts. The following issues are discussed: (1) demands for extended service from community pressure groups; (2) reductions in budget requests by governing bodies; (3) unrest among driver…

Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

286

Pupil Transportation Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The safest means of transportation in the United States is the school bus fleet. Each school day, over 350,000 school buses transport about 22,000,000 children ages 3 to 21--from wheelchair pupils to varsity football players--to and from school in weather conditions ranging from those for Fairbanks, Alaska, to those typical of Cave Creek, Arizona.…

Miller, Anthony R.

287

Local school policies increase physical activity in Norwegian secondary schools  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The implementation of school policies to support the adoption of physical activity is one of the main strategies recommended to increase physical activity levels among this age group. However, documentation of the effect of such policies is so far limited. The purpose of this study was to explore policy-related practices to support physical activity in Norwegian secondary schools and their association with recess physical activity. Emphasis was given to examine the association between policies and physical activity, over and beyond, individual level interests and environmental factors and to examine cross-level interaction effects. This cross-sectional study was based on a nationally representative sample of Norwegian secondary schools and grade 8 students who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2005/06 study. The final sample comprised 68 schools and 1347 students. Data were collected through questionnaires. The results showed that schools with a written policy for physical activity and schools offering organized non-curricular physical activity several times a week had a higher proportion of students reporting daily participation in recess physical activity. Multilevel logistic regression analysis demonstrated a cross-level main effect of the policy index after controlling for sex, socio-economic status, individual-level interests and the physical environment. A significant contribution of adding the policy index to the prediction of recess physical activity above that provided by the individual-level interests and the physical environment was demonstrated. The results are encouraging and give scientific support to policy documents recommending the implementation of school policies to increase physical activity.

Haug, Ellen; Torsheim, Torbj?rn; Samdal, Oddrun

2010-01-01

288

Medication Management in Primary and Secondary Schools  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify whether and how pharmacy faculty members are addressing the issue of medication management in primary or secondary schools in their teaching, research, and service activities, and to ascertain the extent to which they think the issue is an important one. Methods Four hundred ninety-nine faculty members completed a questionnaire inquiring about the research, teaching, and service activities in which they participated that related to medication management in schools. Results Only 33 subjects (6.6%) addressed the topic of medication management in schools in their courses; only 13 (2.6%) conducted research on the topic; and only 30 (6%) were involved in service in this area. On the other hand, 432 respondents (86.6%) believed that the issue of medication management in schools was either somewhat or extremely important. Conclusions There is a large gap between the number of subjects that think medication management in schools is an important topic and the number who actually include the topic in teaching, research, and or service.

Reutzel, Thomas; Watkins, Melissa

2006-01-01

289

The Secondary Teacher: A Study of the Characteristics and Supply/Demand Relations of Ontario Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is the second in a series of reports on the characteristics and supply/demand of Ontario teachers. The enrollment of secondary school pupils, the size of the secondary school teacher force from 1959-71, and the relationship between pupil/teacher ratios are analyzed. The characteristics of this teacher force are presented statistically from…

Watson, Cicely; And Others

290

The Development of Student Teachers' Views on Pupil Misbehaviour during an Initial Teacher Training Programme in England and Norway  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A group of postgraduate (secondary school) student teachers attending a teacher training course in York (England) and Stavanger (Norway) completed a questionnaire at the start (N = 174) and at the end (N = 128) of their course which explored their views regarding the factors accounting for pupil misbehavior, the frequency of pupil misbehavior, the…

Kyriacou, Chris; Avramidis, Elias; Hoie, Harald; Stephens, Paul; Hultgren, Age

2007-01-01

291

Sex education: the effect of a peer programme on pupils (aged 13-14 years) and their peer leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1992 and 1993, 66 selected, trained peer leaders (aged 16-17 years) worked with 38 secondary school classes in the Southwest of England. Questionnaires elicited the views of the class teachers (N = 12), peer leaders (N = 54) and pupils (N = 884; 98 per cent). The majority of the pupils (aged 13-14 years), including those with low self-esteem

F. A. Phelps; A. R. Mellanby; N.J. Crichton; J. H. Tripp

1994-01-01

292

EXTENDED SCHOOL YEAR DESIGNS--AN INTRODUCTION TO NEW PLANS OF SCHOOL ORGANIZATION WHICH CAN RESULT IN FINANCIAL ECONOMIES AND PROVIDE MORE EDUCATION FOR ALL PUPILS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT EXPLORES PLANS OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL ORGANIZATION BASED UPON THE LENGTHENING OF THE SCHOOL YEAR TO REDUCE BY ONE OR MORE YEARS THE TOTAL PERIOD OF SCHOOLING. PRACTICAL INFORMATION IS PRESENTED CONCERNING (1) THE CONTINUOUS SCHOOL YEAR PLAN, (2) THE TRIMESTER PLAN, (3) THE QUADRIMESTER PLAN, (4) THE MODIFIED SUMMER SCHOOL

THOMAS, GEORGE ISAIAH

293

Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has initiated the Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools (SSIP-S), an annual nationwide competition to select student proposals for experiments suitable for flight aboard the Space Shuttle. The objective of the project is to stimulate the study of science and technology in grades 9 through 12 by directly relating students to a space research program. This paper will analyze the first year of the project from a standpoint of how the competition was administered; the number and types of proposals that were submitted; and will discuss the process involved in preparing the winning experiments for eventual flight.

Wilson, G. P.; Ladwig, A.

1981-01-01

294

The State of Music in Secondary Schools: The Principal's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to profile secondary school music programs in the United States and investigate principals' perceptions of those curricula. A survey form was sent to 1,000 secondary school principals, yielding a 54% response rate. That form was designed to answer the following questions: What is the profile of secondary music programs in the United States? How

Carlos R. Abril; Brent M. Gault

2008-01-01

295

The State of Music in Secondary Schools: The Principal's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to profile secondary school music programs in the United States and investigate principals' perceptions of those curricula. A survey form was sent to 1,000 secondary school principals, yielding a 54% response rate. That form was designed to answer the following questions: What is the profile of secondary music…

Abril, Carlos R.; Gault, Brent M.

2008-01-01

296

Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

Villaverde, Leila E.

297

Parents' Views on Mixed and Single-Sex Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on two studies of British parental attitudes toward coeducational and single-sex secondary schools. Finds few differences between the parents of primary school girls and boys who will attend secondary schools in the future. Also finds a large majority of boys' parents believe that social advantages accrue for boys educated with girls. (CFR)

West, Anne; Hunter, Jay

1993-01-01

298

The Relationship between Stress and Bullying among Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…

Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan

2009-01-01

299

EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF MADISON.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS DOCUMENT OUTLINES THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANTS FOR THE MADISON, WISCONSIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE DISTRICT IS OUTLINED AND RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL WHICH INCLUDES TEACHER-DIRECTED ACTIVITIES AND INDIVIDUAL STUDY PROVISIONS. IT RELATES OBJECTIVES AND GOALS TO…

GILBERTS, ROBERT D.

300

On the Allocation of Resources for Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the optimal allocation of resources--in terms of school management, teachers, supporting employees and materials--in secondary schools. We use a flexible budget constrained output distance function model to estimate both technical and allocative efficiency scores for 448 Dutch secondary schools between 2002 and 2007. The results…

Haelermans, Carla; De Witte, Kristof; Blank, Jos L. T.

2012-01-01

301

The Performance of Portuguese Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to measure and compare the performance of Portuguese secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: Some data on the schools were collected via an electronic questionnaire sent to 103 secondary schools of the centre region of Portugal; other needed data were available through the Centre Regional Education…

Sarrico, Claudia S.; Rosa, Maria J.; Coelho, Ines P.

2010-01-01

302

The Relationship between Secondary Principals' Evaluation of Teachers and Pupil Achievement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between teacher effectiveness, as measured by residualized student grades, and teacher evaluations by secondary principals is analyzed in this study. The two-step methodology involved baseline data collection and an effectiveness development phase. In the first phase, demographic variables were obtained from personnel files of 145…

Purser, Susan R.; And Others

303

Achievement Goals and School Achievement: The Transition to Different School Tracks in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the transition from elementary school to secondary school, in Germany, students are assigned to different school tracks, academic or non-academic, that differ markedly in compositional and institutional characteristics, e.g., the level of cognitive activation and performance standards are higher in academic tracks than in non-academic…

Paulick, Isabell; Watermann, Rainer; Nuckles, Matthias

2013-01-01

304

Pupil-Perceived Needs Assessment Package.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Pupil-Perceived Needs Assessment (PPNA) is designed to assist school personnel in collecting information on pupil attitudes, reactions, and feelings towards new and existing curricular and extracurricular programs or towards education in general, and to assess pupils' needs from the pupils' perspective. The package is not meant to be used as…

DeLorme, Hsuan L.; And Others

305

Conditions for Learning: Partnerships for Engaging Secondary Pupils with Contemporary Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the findings of the London Cluster research, "Critical Minds", in which the Institute of Education, University of London (IoE) worked in collaboration with Whitechapel Chapel Art Gallery (the lead London gallery), Bow Arts, Chisenhale Gallery and Space-The Triangle, and four east London comprehensive schools. By collaborating…

Burgess, Lesley; Addison, Nicholas

2007-01-01

306

Secondary school athletes: a study of mouthguards.  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of mouthguard awareness and use, as well as the amount and type of oro-facial trauma associated with and without mouthguard wear in adolescent Nigerian athletes. A 13-item self-completion questionnaire was completed and returned by 1,127 secondary school athletes (completion rate of 93.9%) comprising 683 (60.6%) males and 444 (39.4%) females ranging in age from 12- to 19 years (mean age 15.18+/-2.97 SD). The athletes were randomly drawn from 23 secondary schools located in different parts of Ibadan city in Nigeria. Sixty-five-and-a-third percent of the athletes professed awareness of the need for mouthguards for sports, but only 19.6% claimed usage of the device. Thirty-four-and-a-half percent of the athletes reported having sustained one form of oro-facial injury or the other previously. The prevalence of oro-facial injuries was significantly lower while wearing a mouthguard (p<0.05), and most of the injuries occurred during contact sports. The study supports the need for the enforcement of mandatory mouthguard use in contact sports. Images Figure 1

Onyeaso, Chukwudi Ochi

2004-01-01

307

Raising Standards for Pupils Who Have English as an Additional Language (EAL) through Monitoring and Evaluation of Provision in Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the research is to further knowledge and understand how monitoring and evaluation of pupils who have English as an additional language (EAL) is undertaken in primary schools. This is a comparative study across primary schools using qualitative approaches to help gain insight into current good practice and identify future needs in EAL.…

Mistry, Malini; Sood, Krishan

2012-01-01

308

Developing Education for Global Citizenship through International Placements for School Leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Schools in England are being encouraged to develop a global dimension in the curriculum to develop pupils as global citizens. This paper presents data from school leaders, teachers, pupils and governors in eight English primary and secondary schools where the headteacher or deputy headteacher had just undertaken a three-month placement in an African school. It illustrates how different conceptions of

Sarah Smart; Merryn Hutchings

309

Violence Prevention in United States Society of Jesus Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a representative number of Society of Jesus secondary schools, the researcher reports what these schools are doing to prevent violence, and tests an explanatory model of school violence he created. The researcher proposes that this model can be used to explain and prevent school violence by identifying and addressing the…

Simonds, Thomas Andrew

2009-01-01

310

Comparison of a traditional and an inclusive secondary school culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research methods were used to conduct case studies of two secondary schools in Australia, focusing on the provision of support for students with different learning needs. Interview data were used to report differences in collective beliefs, values and descriptions of school practice that foster two contrasting school cultures. One of these school cultures is described as more inclusive and

Suzanne Carrington; John Elkins

2002-01-01

311

Instructional Leadership in Eight Secondary Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined instructional leadership in eight diverse secondary schools in four urban, suburban, and small-city school districts in one western state. The aim was to gain access to a set of schools that provided both variety in instructional leadership and diversity in school size, organization, grade level, faculty and student…

Bird, Thomas D.; Little, Judith Warren

312

Chicago's Private Elementary and Secondary Schools: Enrollment Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…

Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.

313

School Sports Opportunities Influence Physical Activity in Secondary School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…

Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer

2011-01-01

314

Should We Be Encouraging Pupils to Ask More Questions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the issue of secondary school pupils asking questions. This is an important topic on which very little has been published to date. The article reviews the current literature, which almost exclusively reports the lack of student initiated, content related questioning in classrooms. A small study is described that…

Whittaker, Andrew

2012-01-01

315

In Search of Credibility: Pupils' Information Practices in Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We aim to create an in-depth understanding of how pupils in upper secondary school negotiate the credibility and authority of information as part of their practices of learning. Particular focus is on the use of user-created resources, such as "Wikipedia", where authorship is collective and/or hard to determine. Method: An…

Sundin, Olof; Francke, Helena

2009-01-01

316

Conceptions of french pupils concerning electric circuits: Structure and evolution  

Microsoft Academic Search

A wide investigation on French pupils, ranging from the start of secondary school (grade 6, 12 years old) up to the fourth year of university has enabled the effect of the teaching of conceptions of basic electricity to be evaluated. The simplest ones disappear with teaching, but other stronger ones (exhaustion of current, constant current generator) resist even after many

Jean-Jacques Dupin; Samuel Johsua

1987-01-01

317

Departmental Differences in Attitudes to Special Educational Needs in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As trends in favour of inclusion continue, questions arise concerning the extent to which teachers in mainstream schools feel prepared for the task of meeting pupils' special educational needs. Little previous research has considered how the subject taught impacts upon the attitudes of mainstream teachers towards pupils with special educational…

Ellins, Jean; Porter, Jill

2005-01-01

318

School Records and Students' Academic Performance in llorin West Local Government Secondary Schools of Kwara State  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigates the effects of school records on students academic performance in llorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State. Ten secondary schools were used as sample Stratified-sampling technique was employed to choose the schools. Out of the ten schools, six fall into schools without adequate records while the remaining four fall into schools with adequate records. Two thousand

N. B. Oyedeji

319

The Influence of Personal Characteristics on Secondary School Teachers' Beliefs about School Guidance and Counselling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigated how personal characteristics of secondary school teachers influence their beliefs about their school guidance and counselling programs. Two hundred and sixteen senior secondary school teachers responded to the "Teachers Beliefs about School Guidance and Counselling Programs Inventory (TBSG &CI)". When teachers' opinion…

Aluede, Oyaziwo; Egbochuku, ELizabeth

2007-01-01

320

Implementing a free school-based fruit and vegetable programme: barriers and facilitators experienced by pupils, teachers and produce suppliers in the Boost study  

PubMed Central

Background Multi-component interventions which combine educational and environmental strategies appear to be most effective in increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in adolescents. However, multi-component interventions are complex to implement and often poorly implemented. Identification of barriers and facilitators for implementation is warranted to improve future interventions. This study aimed to explore implementation of two intervention components which addressed availability and accessibility of FV in the multi-component, school-based Boost study which targeted FV intake among Danish 13-year-olds and to identify barriers and facilitators for implementation among pupils, teachers and FV suppliers. Methods We conducted focus group interviews with 111 13-year-olds and 13 teachers, completed class observations at six schools, and conducted telephone interviews with all involved FV suppliers. Interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed using qualitative analytical procedures. Results FV suppliers affected the implementation of the FV programme at schools and thereby pupils’ intake through their timing of delivery and through the quality, quantity and variety of the delivered FV. Teachers influenced the accessibility and appearance of FV by deciding if and when the pupils could eat FV and whether FV were cut up. Different aspects of time acted as barriers for teachers’ implementation of the FV programme: time spent on having a FV break during lessons, time needed to prepare FV and time spent on pupils’ misbehaviour and not being able to handle getting FV. Teacher timing of cutting up and serving FV could turn into a barrier for pupils FV intake due to enzymatic browning. The appearance of FV was important for pupils’ intake, especially for girls. FV that did not appeal to the pupils e.g. had turned brown after being cut up were thrown around as a part of a game by the pupils, especially boys. Girls appreciated the social dimension of eating FV together to a larger extent than boys. Conclusions Limited time and pupils’ misbehaviour were barriers for teachers’ implementation. Establishing FV delivery to schools as a new routine challenged FV suppliers’ implementation. Food aesthetics were important for most pupils’ FV intake while the social dimension of eating FV together seemed more important to girls than boys. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11666034.

2014-01-01

321

Associations between Physical Activity and Health Parameters in Adolescent Pupils in Egypt  

PubMed Central

Physical activity (PA) could be protective against hypertension, atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease and cardiovascular disease. This quantitative study assessed the association between a PA intervention and three anthropometric parameters (weight, body mass index, body fat) and four physiological parameters (cholesterol level, systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate) among secondary school pupils (N = 160) in Egypt through the school term. The pupils were randomised to an intervention group (80 pupils) and controls (80 pupils). Measurements were obtained for all pupils twice: at baseline; and then again after three months. The PA intervention programme comprised an ‘afterschool’ one hour of moderate exercise three times a week for three months. Both the controls and the intervention pupils attended the ‘normal’ exercise schedule provided by the school; in addition, the intervention group attended afterschool PA programme from about 2–3 o’clock in the afternoon. At baseline, employing pupil’s BMI, 27.5% and 28.8% of the intervention and control pupils respectively were classified as overweight. After three months, the percentage of overweight decreased to 12.5% in the intervention pupils, while it increased to 37.3% in the controls. At the end of the three months period, there were significant improvements across most anthropometric and physiological parameters of the intervention pupils when compared with the control children. The correlation coefficient of the improvements for the boys and the girls was 0.97, indicating clearly that the intervention was having nearly the same beneficial effect for boys and girls. A moderate PA programme for a modest period of 3 months could be effective in maintaining or enhancing pupil’s anthropometric and physiological parameters in comparison to the controls where there was deterioration in both parameters. Policy makers and secondary schools in Egypt might need to pay more attention to PA programmes conducted on school days, in order to motivate pupils to attend such programmes. There is also an urgent need to look at current PA systems within schools in Egypt in order to assess PA outside school times.

Ansari, Walid El; Ashker, Said El; Moseley, Laurence

2010-01-01

322

Pupil Migration in the New York City Public Schools, 1956-1957 to 1965-1966.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A statistical report provides data from 1956 to 1966 on city-wide in-and-out-migration, the migration balance, and the total city-wide movement of the pupil population in New York City. Findings are presented in 24 tables. (NH)

Morrissey, Madeline M.; Zouzoulas, Gary

323

Condensed Task Report on Pupil Transportation for the Ohio School System.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report, one of a series of eight, provides findings from a study of the Ohio pupil transportation system, a locally administered system partly regulated and financially supported by the State. After reviewing current transportation facilities for both regular and special education students, the study assesses various alternatives.…

Byers, R. H.; Virgin, W. P.

324

Self-Concept, Social Position and Social Participation of Pupils with SEN in Mainstream Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on a recent research project, this paper questions the literature's dominant representation of children with special educational needs (SEN) as holding negative perceptions of themselves and being socially isolated. The study examined dimensions of pupils' self-concept and their social position in their class network. Contrary to…

Avramidis, Elias

2013-01-01

325

"Steps and Strides": Planning for Progress in Science with Pupils in Special Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the development and trialing of a model called Steps and Strides for assessing the progress of pupils with profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD), severe learning difficulties (SLD), moderate learning difficulties (MLD), and emotional and behavioral difficulties (EBD). Applies Steps and Strides to science and other curriculum…

Singleton, Liz

2002-01-01

326

Scaffolding School Pupils' Scientific Argumentation with Evidence-Based Dialogue Maps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter reports pilot work investigating the potential of Evidence-based Dialogue Mapping to scaffold young teenagers’ scientific argumentation. Our research objective is to better understand pupils’ usage of dialogue maps created in Compendium to write scientific explanations. The participants were 20 pupils, 12-13 years old, in a summer science course for “gifted and talented” children in the UK. Through qualitative analysis of three case studies, we investigate the value of dialogue mapping as a mediating tool in the scientific reasoning process during a set of learning activities. These activities were published in an online learning environment to foster collaborative learning. Pupils mapped their discussions in pairs, shared maps via the online forum and in plenary discussions, and wrote essays based on their dialogue maps. This study draws on these multiple data sources: pupils’ maps in Compendium, writings in science and reflective comments about the uses of mapping for writing. Our analysis highlights the diversity of ways, both successful and unsuccessful, in which dialogue mapping was used by these young teenagers.

Okada, Alexandra

327

School Achievement Of Pupils From The Lower Strata In Public, Private Government-Dependent And Private Government-Independent Schools: A Cross-National Test Of The Coleman-Hoffer Thesis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000 data on European high schools. In the 1980s, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance…

Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap

2006-01-01

328

Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2004-05 (Fiscal Year 2005). First Look. NCES 2007-355  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This brief publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2004-05. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of…

Zhou, Lei; Gaviola, Nick

2007-01-01

329

The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

2013-12-01

330

Public Education Resources and Pupil Performance Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details three models quantifying the relationships between educational means (resources) and ends (pupil achievements) to analyze resource allocation problems within school districts: (1) the Pupil Performance Model; (2) the Goal Programming Model; and (3) the Operational Structure of a School and Pupil Performance Model. These models…

Spottheim, David; And Others

331

Religious Attitudes and Thinking in Belfast Pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1979, a sample of 2,149 pupils aged 8?16 was selected from schools in Belfast and a questionnaire administered which included Peatling's instrument ‘Thinking about the Bible’ and Francis’ ‘Religious Attitude Scale’. Pupils had an increasing preference for abstract thinking and a decreasing preference for concrete thinking as they got older. Grammar school pupils were more inclined to prefer abstract

J. E. Greer

1981-01-01

332

Characteristics of the 100 Largest Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts in the United States: 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides descriptive information about the 100 largest school districts, including average and median school size, pupil/teacher ratios, number of high school graduates, number of pupils receiving special education services, and minority enrollment as a proportion of total enrollment. (Author/SLD)

Young, Beth Aronstamm

1999-01-01

333

The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

Pfleger, Margo

334

Supporting Struggling Readers in Secondary School Science Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many secondary school students struggle to read complex expository text such as science textbooks. This article provides step-by-step guidance on how to foster expository reading for struggling readers in secondary school science classes. Two strategies are introduced: Text-to-Speech (TTS) Software as a reading compensatory strategy and the…

Roberts, Kelly D.; Takahashi, Kiriko; Park, Hye-Jin; Stodden, Robert A.

2012-01-01

335

Attitude toward Democracy in Pakistan: Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers' perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore…

Sarwar, Muhammad; Yousuf, Muhammad Imran; Hussain, Shafqat

2010-01-01

336

Secondary School Success for Students with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students approach the transition to secondary school with feelings of both excitement and apprehension, but it is excitement that usually prevails. For students with Asperger's Syndrome, however, those aspects of secondary school that most students anticipate with great enthusiasm, such as being in a new and larger environment, having…

Konza, Deslea

2005-01-01

337

Secondary School Students: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide contains a list of materials on drug and alcohol prevention for secondary school students. The information is divided into three sections: (1) prevention materials, including information on inhalants, AIDS, sports and drugs, and sex and alcohol; (2) studies, articles, and reports on secondary school students, including…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

338

Applying a Knowledge Management Taxonomy to Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…

Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy

2012-01-01

339

Recognising Language Impairment in Secondary School Student Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Up to 16% of students in mainstream secondary schools present with language impairment (LI). As with other learning difficulties, students with LI experience many academic, social, emotional and behavioral problems. Associated presenting behaviors may, however, be masking the primary language impairment. As a result, secondary school students with…

Starling, Julia; Munro, Natalie; Togher, Leanne; Arciuli, Joanne

2011-01-01

340

Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools

Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

2004-01-01

341

Secondary Public School Teachers' Perceptions about Organizational Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to determine secondary public school teachers' perceptions about organizational justice and whether these perceptions differ across gender, age, seniority, branch, educational background, the number of students and the number of teachers. The participants of the study consisted of 222 secondary public school

Yilmaz, Kursad

2010-01-01

342

SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY GROUP (SSMCIS), COMPOSED OF BOTH AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN EDUCATORS, WAS GUIDED BY TWO MAIN OBJECTIVES--(1) TO CONSTRUCT AND EVALUATE A UNIFIED SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS PROGRAM FOR GRADES 7-12 THAT WOULD TAKE THE CAPABLE STUDENT WELL INTO CURRENT COLLEGE MATHEMATICS, AND (2) DETERMINE…

FEHR, HOWARD F.

343

Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the planning, writing, evaluation, and results and recommendations of the Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study. This study was begun "to formulate and test a unified secondary school mathematics program (7-12) that will take capable students well into current collegiate mathematics" and to "determine the…

Fehr, Howard F.

344

Levels of Proof in Lower Secondary School Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishes six levels from an inductive proof to an algebraic demonstration on the bases of three axes in lower secondary school mathematics. Examines the meanings of demonstration and proof in lower secondary school mathematics and shows the relationships between them. Illustrates the discussion with a seventh grade student's activities.…

Miyazaki, Mikio

2000-01-01

345

Design Education and the Teaching of Woodwork in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to review and, if necessary, update the curriculum, a study investigated the prevalence of problem-solving and design approaches in the teaching of woodworking courses in secondary schools in Zimbabwe. Woodworking classes in forms one and three were studied in an urban secondary school where woodworking is taught up to form four and…

Nherera, Charles M.

346

Oral business english network course design in secondary vocational school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oral Business English is a required course for E- commerce major students of secondary vocational school. This paper describes the design of Oral Business English network course of secondary vocational school on the aspects of the general design concept, basic structure, modules design and technology application, to explore the efficient use of the various teaching resources based on websites, the

Huang Xingyun; Ou Qizhong

2011-01-01

347

Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

2010-01-01

348

Secondary School Advanced Mathematics, Chapter 3, Formal Geometry. Teacher's Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was designed for use with the second of five texts in the Secondary School Advanced Mathematics (SSAM) series. Developed for students who have completed the Secondary School Mathematics (SSM) program and wish to continue their studies in mathematics, this series is designed to review, strengthen, and fill gaps in the material covered…

Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.

349

Secondary School Advanced Mathematics, Chapter 3, Formal Geometry. Student's Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is the second of five in the Secondary School Advanced Mathematics (SSAM) series which was designed to meet the needs of students who have completed the Secondary School Mathematics (SSM) program, and wish to continue their study of mathematics. This volume is devoted to a rigorous development of theorems in plane geometry from 22…

Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.

350

Perceptions of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers towards Critical Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers’ perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their perspectives of teaching critical thinking skills in their classrooms. All

Osamah Bataineh; Khaled F. Alazzi

2009-01-01

351

Perceptions of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers towards Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers' perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their…

Bataineh, Osamah; Alazzi, Khaled F.

2009-01-01

352

Secondary School Students' Views of Inhibiting Factors in Seeking Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines secondary school students' perceptions of inhibiting factors in seeking counselling. Responses to a questionnaire completed by 1346 secondary school students were analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Exploratory factor analysis highlighted that within 21 pre-defined inhibiting factors, items loaded strongly on…

Chan, Stephanie; Quinn, Philip

2012-01-01

353

Secondary School Reading: What Research Reveals for Classroom Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help the secondary school classroom teacher make use of some of the current research related to reading instruction, this book contains reviews of the literature on the various aspects of secondary school reading. Each of the 12 chapters begins with an introduction to set the stage and ends with a conclusion to put the ideas into…

Berger, Allen, Ed.; Robinson, H. Alan, Ed.

354

Preferential Policies and Secondary School Attainment in Peninsular Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of Malaysia's preferential educational policies regarding secondary school attainment for the nation's three ethnic groups. Investigates trends in gender and socioeconomic differences within each ethnic group. Finds that, over time, Malays were increasingly more likely to attain secondary school than were non-Malays. (CFR)

Pong, Suet-ling

1993-01-01

355

In-school and out-of-school physical activity in primary and secondary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to compare in-school and out-of-school physical activity within a representative sample. Socio-demographic, physical activity, and anthropometric data were collected from a random sample of children (250 boys, 253 girls) aged 3–16 years attending nine primary and two secondary schools. Actigraph GT1M accelerometers, worn for seven days, were used to estimate physical activity levels for

Christopher J. Gidlow; Tom Cochrane; Rachel Davey; Hannah Smith

2008-01-01

356

"It Wasn't Too Easy, Which Is Good if You Want to Learn": An Exploration of Pupil Participation and Learning to Learn  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the process of Learning to Learn from the pupils' perspective. The Learning to Learn in Schools Project started in 2003 and includes teachers and pupils from primary and secondary age phases in four local authorities. Key to the project has been a focus on the collaborative exploration of metacognition in practice. With the…

Wall, Kate

2012-01-01

357

Astronomy Teaching in Europe's Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EU/ESO Workshop for European Physics Teachers A joint Workshop of the European Union (EU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will take place on November 25 - 30, 1994 under the auspices of the European Week for Scientific Culture. The Workshop is entitled "Astronomy: Science, Culture and Technology". It will bring together at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) more than 100 secondary school teachers and ministerial representatives from 17 European countries to discuss all aspects of this broad subject. It is the first and very visible part of a new, sustained effort to stimulate and modernize the teaching of the subjects of Astronomy and Astrophysics in European secondary schools. During the Workshop, the participants will experience the present state of this multi-disciplinary science in its most general context, that is as a human, long-term scientific and technological endeavour with great cultural implications. They will exchange views on how the various elements of Astronomy can best be utilized within the educational schemes of the individual countries, both as subjects in their own rights, and especially in support of many other items on the present teaching agenda. Why This Workshop ? Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Since innumerable millenia, it has continued to have a great influence on mankind's perception of itself and its surroundings. In our days, Astronomy and Astrophysics have become a central area of the natural sciences with many direct links to other sciences (e.g., many aspects of physics, mathematics, chemistry, the geo-sciences, etc.); it has an important cultural content (including our distant origins, the recognition of the location and restricted extent of our niche in space and time, cosmological considerations as well as philosophy in general); its recent successes are to a large amount dependent on advanced technologies and methodologies (e.g., optics, electronics, detector techniques at all wavelengths, computer techniques like image processing and the transfer, storage and retrieval of enormous data sets). Astronomy is undoubtedly one of the sciences that enjoys the most intense public interest and it also has a great media appeal, in part because of its exploratory ("adventurous") character and ability to produce spectacular images, cf. the recent, dramatic collision between a comet and Jupiter. Moreover, with the increasing public awareness of the Earth's fragile ecosystems and the obvious influence of external, i.e., "astronomical" forces (solar irradiation, variations in the Earth's orbit, collisions with other bodies, radiative effects from nearby cosmic explosions, etc.), this science has taken on a new significance in the minds of many people. Nevertheless, the teaching of Astronomy in European secondary schools has been the subject of many vacillations during the past decades. In several countries it is taught at a quite rudimentary and "old-fashioned" level, in others, some of its elements are included, but most often in a seemingly haphazard way; it is very rare, that an overall, holistic view is presented. This is despite the obvious fact that many areas of Astronomy are relatively easy to comprehend (at least qualitatively) and that this science is a most illustrative example of the interplay between science, culture and technology in all its historical and modern aspects. It moreover demonstrates the unity of science, gives a host of educationally useful examples of the scientific method, and may also serve as a natural stepping stone into a large number of other areas of human knowledge and activities. The Workshop Programme The Workshop will begin in the afternoon of Friday, November 25, when the participants gather at the ESO Headquarters in Garching near Munich. It ends after four busy days in the evening of Tuesday, November 29. To begin with, specialist speakers will provide reviews of some of the scientific subjects now at the forefront of Astronomy and Astrophysics, overviews of selected astronomical tech

1994-11-01

358

Secondary Schools and the Central Office: Partners for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore themes previously identified among successful schools from the perspective of the school district, this report organizes its discussion of the nine themes developed by T.B. Corcoran and B.L. Wilson (1986) around the role of the central office administration and the ways in which it might cooperate with schools in supporting secondary

Miller, Rima; And Others

359

Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to…

Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Van Loan, Christopher L.; Barber, Brian R.

2011-01-01

360

Administrator Perceptions of Transition Programs in International Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which transition programs are offered to students at international secondary schools. Components of professional development, orientation and departure programs, and transition support teams were examined. Participants included school administrators at 11 international schools across five continents. Findings…

Bates, Jessica

2013-01-01

361

Secondary School Leadership Practice in Botswana: Implications for Effective Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the views of selected headteachers on the impact of the 10-year basic education policy on the leadership skills of secondary school headteachers in Botswana. Research literature on school leadership and management in Botswana is sparse. Despite this, demands for effective leadership in schools have continued as the education…

Pheko, Bolelang

2008-01-01

362

Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform: Compendium Of Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), through the Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform project, seeks to strengthen the capacity of state education agencies and districts to improve delivery of educational services to English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in high schools undergoing reform. This compendium was developed…

Spaulding, Shelley; Carolino, Barbara; Amen, Kali-Ahset; Smith; Kimberly Ball, Ed

2004-01-01

363

The Innovative Capacity of Secondary Schools: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a preliminary investigation into the innovative capacities of Dutch secondary schools. Defines "innovative capacity" based on a number of factors found in a review of the literature. Finds that transformational school leadership plays a particularly crucial role in the development of the innovative capacities of schools.…

Berg, Rudolf van den; Sleegers, Peter

1996-01-01

364

The Availability and Utilization of School Library Resources in Some Selected Secondary Schools (High School) in Rivers State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the availability and utilization of school library resources by Secondary School (High School) Students. Eight Selected Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria were chosen based on their performance in external examinations and geographic locations. In carrying out the research, questionnaires were administered to both…

Owate, C. N.; Iroha, Okpa

2013-01-01

365

National Testing of Pupils in Europe: Objectives, Organisation and Use of Results. Italy 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation at Italian Primary and Lower Secondary school levels in Italy is mainly defined by the continuous assessment performed by teachers. It is based on both the oral and written pupils' outputs, on the fulfilment of school projects and on the assignment and carrying out of homeworks. It may be both a formative assessment and/or a…

Ricci, Roberto

2009-01-01

366

Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Social Valorization among Pupils and the Effect on Teachers' Judgments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is transposed from a work context, in which it was developed, to secondary school. Two studies test the assumption of a social valorization of OCB declaration in a school context. In Study 1, 445 pupils (sixth-graders to ninth-graders) answered an OCB questionnaire,…

Esnard, Catherine; Jouffre, Stephane

2008-01-01

367

Leadership styles in secondary school science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparison of United States secondary school science teachers who mentor high quality student research and teachers who do not mentor research was conducted using a demographic survey and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Form 5X. The major demographic difference between the two groups was a significantly greater number of years of teaching experience in the research group, a factor that correlated significantly with Extra Effort in students. Research group teachers self-reported higher mean scores than non-research group teachers on the five transformational leadership scales plus the transactional scale of Contingent Reward; however, a Multivariate Analysis of Variance found no significant difference between the groups. Independent t-tests found no significant difference between the groups based upon the remaining transactional scales. The research group was found to be significantly higher on the outcome variable of Extra Effort generated by students while the non-research group rated themselves significantly higher on Satisfaction of students. Transformational leadership in teachers should be addressed by future studies as a possible method of identifying motivational teachers.

Lawson, Michael A.

368

Evaluation of the Physical Components in Algerian High-School Pupils (16-19 Years): Determination of the Somatotype in Relation to Choice of Sports Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore the somatotype of Algerian high-school pupils of 16-19 years old. Various works in the field of sport have shown that athletic performance is a result of multiple factors that could be classified under psychological, physiological and physical. This last factor relates to the physical aspects. It gathers anthropometric…

Sebbane, M.; Remaoun, M.; Harchaoui, Y.; Abdelkader, A.; Karrou, M.

2009-01-01

369

The Educational Experiences of Pupils with a Statement for Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Primary Schools: Results from a Systematic Observation Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Findings from the Deployment and Impact of Support Staff project showed that day-to-day support for pupils with special education needs (SEN) in mainstream UK schools is often provided by teaching assistants (TAs), instead of teachers. This arrangement is the main explanation for other results from the project, which found TA support had a more…

Webster, Rob; Blatchford, Peter

2013-01-01

370

Pupils' Perceptions of Foreign Language Learning in the Primary School--Findings from the Key Stage 2 Language Learning Pathfinder Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings on pupil attitudes towards learning foreign languages in Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11) in primary schools in England. As a consequence of the National Languages Strategy, the University of Warwick was commissioned by the then Department for Education and Skills to undertake an evaluation between 2003 and 2005 of 19…

Martin, Cynthia

2012-01-01

371

The Usual Suspects: Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Use in 15-To 16-Year-Old School Pupils--Prevalence, Feelings and Perceived Health Risks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a five-year study of year-11 pupils (15?16 years old), based on a sample drawn from seven schools in the North West of England. It examines: use, feelings about close friend's use and perceptions of the health-related risks of specific drugs. The findings conform with those examining other similar populations,…

Roy, Alastair: Wibberley, Christopher; Lamb, Jon

2005-01-01

372

Getting Books to School Pupils in Africa: Case Studies from Ghana and Tanzania, Mali, South Africa, Mozambique, and Kenya. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the fundamental requirements of all educational systems is the adequate provision of relevant and appropriate reading and other instructional and learning materials for use by teachers and their pupils. A study examined some of the modalities through which the school population in Africa gains access to supplementary reading materials and…

Rosenberg, Diana, Ed.

373

A Microscope on Magnet Schools, 1983-1986. Volume 2: Pupil and Parent Outcomes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is the fifth in a series of studies on 14 elementary magnet schools in the Montgomery County Public Schools in Maryland. The focus is over a three-year period from 1983 through the 1985-86 school year. Ten of the elementary schools are from the Montgomery Blair High School area and four are in the Bethesda-Chevy Chase High School area.…

Larson, John C.; Allen, Brenda A.

374

To What Extent Are School Drop-In Clinics Meeting Pupils' Self-Identified Health Concerns?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: This paper explores young peoples' health concerns and their knowledge and views of school nurse drop-in clinics (drop-ins) held in their schools. Design: Cross section survey of adolescents using questionnaires delivered in schools to 10 per cent of the population, and school drop-in monitoring data from the Primary Care Trust (PCT).…

Kay, C. M.; Morgan, D. L.; Tripp, J. H.; Davies, C.; Sykes, S.

2006-01-01

375

Swedish high-school pupils' attitudes towards drugs in relation to drug usage, impulsiveness and other risk factors  

PubMed Central

Background. Illicit drug use influences people’s lives and elicits unwanted behaviour. Current research shows that there is an increase in young people’s drug use in Sweden. The aim was to investigate Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Risk and protective factors relative to drug use were also a focus of interest. Method. High school pupils (n = 146) aged 17–21 years, responded to the Adolescent Health and Development Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and Knowledge, and the Attitudes and Beliefs. Direct logistic, multiple regression analyses, and Multivariate Analysis of Variance were used to analyze the data. Results. Positive Attitudes towards drugs were predicted by risk factors (odds ratio = 37.31) and gender (odds ratio = .32). Risk factors (odds ratio = 46.89), positive attitudes towards drugs (odds ratio = 4.63), and impulsiveness (odds ratio = 1.11) predicted drug usage. Risk factors dimensions Family, Friends and Individual Characteristic were positively related to impulsiveness among drug users. Moreover, although boys reported using drugs to a greater extent, girls expressed more positive attitude towards drugs and even reported more impulsiveness than boys. Conclusion. This study reinforces the notion that research ought to focus on gender differences relative to pro-drug attitudes along with testing for differences in the predictors of girls’ and boys’ delinquency and impulsiveness. Positive attitudes towards drugs among adolescents seem to be part of a vicious circle including risk factors, such as friendly drug environments (e.g., friends who use drugs) and unsupportive family environments, individual characteristics, and impulsiveness.

Jimmefors, Alexander; Archer, Trevor; Ewalds-Kvist, Beatrice

2014-01-01

376

Risk factors related to deaf-mutism among pupils attending the Alexandria governmental deaf-mute schools.  

PubMed

Childhood deafness interferes with the cognitive development of the child, so it is considered a major handicap. The present work was carried out to reveal possible risk factors of deaf-mutism and the magnitude of each. The case control design was chosen as a research methodology. A 50% sample of deaf-mute pupils at the primary level were selected at random from each of the two governmental schools for the deaf-mutes in Alexandria (boys=96, & girls=76). A control group chosen at random from a main stream governmental school and matched by age and sex of the pupils as well as with education and occupation of the father. Matching was carried out at the sampling phase, pairing each case to its control. Data were collected by interviewing the mothers using an interviewing schedule. Matched analysis was carried out where pairing of cases and controls was retained. The likelihood estimate of Odds ratio conditional on the number of discordant pairs was estimated using McNemer's test. The 5% level was chosen as the level of significance. The study revealed 172 deaf-mute pupils. Their mean age was 9.48+/-1.981 years. Boys outnumbered girls (55.8% and 44.2% respectively). In 59.4% parents were cousins. Deafness was first noticed at 6 to 60 months of age with a mean of 14.70+/-10.2 months. Most fathers and mothers were illiterate (48.84% and 61.63%). Heredity was a risk factor, where 84.82% of cases had a positive family history compared to none of the controls. Moreover, in case of consanguinity the Odds ratio=5.60. Acquired deafness constituted the second important group of all causes of deafness. Meningitis featured as the most important cause of acquired deafness with an estimated relative risk of 18.5, followed by fever (Odds ratio=4.67), then repeated attacks of acute tonsillitis and ear disease where the case control percent difference was 8.72% and 4.65% respectively. PMID:17214165

Shazly, M K; Kamel, N M; Hassanein, M H; Salama, O E; Nawar, N M

1995-01-01

377

Comprehensive School Mental Health: An Integrated "School-Based Pathway to Care" Model for Canadian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescence is a critical period for the promotion of mental health and the treatment of mental disorders. Schools are well-positioned to address adolescent mental health. This paper describes a school mental health model, "School-Based Pathway to Care," for Canadian secondary schools that links schools with primary care providers and mental…

Wei, Yifeng; Kutcher, Stan; Szumilas, Magdalena

2011-01-01

378

Still Worlds Apart: The Worldviews of Adolescent Males Attending Protestant and Catholic Secondary Schools in Northern Ireland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study draws together two research traditions: John Greer's pioneering research among pupils in Protestant and Catholic schools in Northern Ireland and Leslie J. Francis's research concerning teenage religion and values in England and Wales. A sample of 1,585 13- to 15-year-old male pupils attending Catholic schools (n = 712) and Protestant…

Robbins, Mandy; Francis, Leslie J.

2008-01-01

379

Analysis of Hawaii Secondary School Discipline Variables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the intent of this study to examine student discipline problems in twenty-one high schools on the island of Oahu in Hawaii. Literature was reviewed concerning the youth revolution as it affects students in Hawaiian public schools and concerning discipline problems unique to Hawaiian public schools. Data were collected through a…

Kalus, Janet Marie Wolcott

380

Language Development Component, Secondary Developmental Reading Program. Final Evaluation Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report evaluates the Secondary Developmental Reading Program, a component of the Ohio Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund (DPPF), in terms of the 1982-83 program objectives. Twelve project reading teachers worked in eight Columbus senior high schools with 843 pupils scoring at or below the 36th percentile in reading achievement. A pilot project…

Beck, Donald; Chamberlain, Ed

381

The Colour Of The Stars And The Pupils In The Kindergarten And The Primary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A collaboration between the author of this article and the 7th Primary school of Naousa has been established eight years ago. It started with the kindergarten of the school and has been extended to the other classes of the school, as well as to other primary schools in Naousa, including the school with physically and mentally handicapped children. The collaboration with the kindergarten has as a result the production of some handicrafts, paintings or even theatrical plays. Last school year's project was the colour of the stars and the product was a year calendar with paintings of planets, star clusters, nebulae and stars.

Tomboulides, Hariton

2006-08-01

382

The Library and American Education: Education through Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between elementary and secondary education and the public library throughout the nation's history are reviewed through educational historians' writings. It is noted that libraries, like schools, were not above political, class, religious, and cultural conflicts. (Author/MBR)

Fain, Elaine

1979-01-01

383

An Investigation of Piagetian Stages in Italian Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a study examining the Piagetian stages of Italian secondary school students in which student responses to three puzzles were analyzed. Compares results with studies done in the United States and the United Kingdom. (CS)

Violino, Paolo; Di Giacomo, Beatrice Semino

1981-01-01

384

Secondary-School Earth Science: A Column for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six secondary school teachers describe their most successful earth science investigations. They include various outdoor field activities, road-map reading skills, student-prepared and conducted investigations, and use of several materials for studying volcanoes. (JN)

Christman, Robert

1984-01-01

385

A Secondary Analysis of the Impact of School Management Practices on School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis of the impact of school management practices on school performance utilizing a survey design of School and Staffing (SASS) data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the U.S. Department of Education, 1999-2000. The study identifies those school management…

Talbert, Dale A.

2009-01-01

386

Grade Inflation and School Competition: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Swedish Upper Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the connection between grade inflation and school competition by studying graduates from the Swedish upper secondary schools in 1997. The final grades are compared to the SweSAT national test scores. Single school municipalities are compared with multiple school municipalities in order to study if potential intra-municipal…

Wikstrom, C.; Wikstrom, M.

2005-01-01

387

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1997-98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released by the National Center for Education Statistics, this report presents overview data on the 87,631 elementary and secondary public schools in the US who provided instruction to 46.1 million students during the 1997-98 school year. The thirteen-page report provides statistical information on school districts, public schools, and students in K-12 public schools. Included are seven detailed data tables that profile the total number of students in public schools and in public school districts, the distribution of schools and students by instructional level and urbanicity, the rate of high school dropouts, and several other student characteristics.

1999-01-01

388

Key Statistics on Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies: School Year 1995-96. Survey Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

During the 1995-96 school year, there were more than 16,000 local education agencies in the 50 states and the District of Columbia, and almost 15,000 of these were regular school districts directly responsible for providing free, public education to pupil...

L. M. Hoffman

1999-01-01

389

Asthma, eczema, and reports on pollen and cat allergy among pupils in Shanxi province, China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To study self-reported asthma, eczema, and pollen and furry pet allergy among pupils (9–20 years) in Shanxi province, China,\\u000a in relation to dietary and environmental factors.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  A standardised questionnaire was distributed to pupils in two primary and two secondary schools, one in Taiyuan city (3.0\\u000a milj. inhabitants), the others in Qingxu county, a rural area 30 km outside Taiyuan. Totally, 2,116 pupils

D. Norbäck; Z.-H. Zhao; Z.-H. Wang; G. Wieslander; Y.-H. Mi; Z. Zhang

2007-01-01

390

School and Home Co-operation and the Reading Achievement of First Grade Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the effect on reading achievement scores of school-recommended reading activities completed in the home by first graders as assisted by older members of the family during non-school hours and apart from the school program. The families of 90 first graders from a high socioeconomic level and small urban-residential district were…

Rosenquist, Arthur Richard

391

School Safety, Severe Disciplinary Actions, and School Characteristics: A Secondary Analysis of the School Survey on Crime and Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of a secondary analysis of survey data collected from 1,872 secondary school principals in the 2005-2006 School Survey on Crime and Safety, we examined the frequency of and reasons for severe disciplinary actions and the relationship between school characteristics and severe disciplinary actions. We found that severe disciplinary…

Han, Seunghee; Akiba, Motoko

2011-01-01

392

Conceptions of French pupils concerning electric circuits: structure and evolution  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

A longitudinal investigation of French pupils, ranging from the start of secondary school (grade 6, 12 years old) to the fourth year of university evaluated whether teachers have an effect on students' preconceptions about basic electricity. The simplest ones disappear with teaching, but other stronger ones ("exhaustion" of current, constant current generator) resist even after many years of teaching. The authors propose that certain misconceptions could be produced by the very way in which pupils overcome the first difficulties they meet, which poses a difficult problem for physics teaching.

Dupin, Jean-Jacques; Johsua, Samuel

2006-05-22

393

Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools: Considerations for Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school administrators are increasingly finding themselves in the position of implementing Response to Intervention (RTI). This system of providing progressively intensive levels of intervention for the purposes of preventing academic failure and identifying children with learning disability may be useful at the secondary level. However,…

King, Seth A.; Lemons, Christopher J.; Hill, David R.

2012-01-01

394

Response to Intervention with Secondary School Students with Reading Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities…

Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

2012-01-01

395

Bridging the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from primary to secondary school can often be a difficult time for children, and managing the transition smoothly has posed a problem for teachers at both upper primary and lower secondary level. At a time when "childhood" recedes and "adulthood" beckons, the inequalities between individual children can widen, and meeting the needs…

Howe, Alan, Ed.; Richards, Val, Ed.

2011-01-01

396

Integration of Informal Music Technologies in Secondary School Music Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary

Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon

2014-01-01

397

Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

2005-01-01

398

Momentum and Kinetic Energy: Confusable Concepts in Secondary School Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and practitioners alike express concerns about the conceptual difficulties associated with the concepts of momentum and kinetic energy currently taught in school physics. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the treatment given to them in 44 published textbooks written for UK secondary school certificate courses. This is set…

Bryce, T. G. K.; MacMillan, K.

2009-01-01

399

The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools. 2010 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive volume offers a snapshot profile of every public school district in the United States serving 1,500 or more students and provides pertinent evaluative and demographic statistics necessary to evaluate educational programs nationwide. "The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools" is a comprehensive compilation…

Grey House Publishing, 2009

2009-01-01

400

Public School Choice. Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To achieve President Obama's stated goal of making increased expectations for students and schools a national priority, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). The new "ESEA" will support effective public school

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

401

How Literature Learning Shapes Thinking in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines, in a five-year ethnographic study in secondary schools, issues of how literature learning shapes thinking. Follows 10 students from their English classes into their academic classes over their high school careers. Analyzes literacy events in their literature and content-area classes, including how literacy events functioned and what they…

Miller, Suzanne M.

1998-01-01

402

Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this dissertation was to compare Canadian community colleges with post-secondary vocational schools in Poland. The comparison concentrated upon programs in nursing, tourism and information technology delivered by the following three Polish schools Krakowska Szkola Medyczna, (Cracow, Poland), Policealne Studium Zawodowe, (Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.

2005-01-01

403

Understanding the Experiences of Beginning Secondary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study which sought to obtain insights into the experiences of beginning secondary school teachers in Swaziland during 1997. Describes these teachers' experiences, finding that beginning teachers are overwhelmingly isolated in schools, and that they experience difficulties that can destroy their enthusiasm for teaching. Discusses some…

Mazibuko, Edmund Z.

1999-01-01

404

Recommended Organization for Wyoming Public Elementary and Secondary School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a management consultant firm details 11 major recommendations to improve the public elementary and secondary school system in Wyoming. (1) The State should articulate objectives to serve as guidelines for public school education. (2) The State Department of Education (SDE) should be administered through a…

Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Chicago, IL.

405

Understanding the Tensions between Equity and Quality of Secondary Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inherent tensions exist between equity and quality of schooling in meeting diverse student needs. The goals of providing equity are clarified in light of the analysis by Bruce Fuller. Alternative goals, based on research studies and classroom observations, are presented with concerns for equity in American secondary schools. (Author/VM)

Montero-Sieburth, Martha

1988-01-01

406

Treating Chemical Equilibrium Mathematically in Secondary Schools: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the procedures, results, and conclusions of a study to determine the characteristics of secondary school chemistry students who were successful in grasping a mathematical approach to learning chemical equilibrium. Subjects were eighty-nine students enrolled in chemistry at a rural-suburban high school; each student had…

Case, James B.

407

Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is the basic accounting document for Wisconsin's public school systems; it presents the means to achieve uniformity in reporting on the efficacy of the Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System (WESSAS). Its purpose is to provide financial information that will promote reporting, auditing, interdistrict comparison,…

Nelson, C. Richard

408

AN INVESTIGATION OF MARKING PRACTICES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE MARKING PRACTICES OF 39 SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS FROM TWO SCHOOLS IN METROPOLITAN NASHVILLE-DAVIDSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE, WERE STUDIED. SPECIAL MARKING EXERCISES CONTAINING STANDARD DATA ON HYPOTHETICAL STUDENTS WERE USED TO STUDY THE MARKING PRACTICES OF TEACHERS UNDER MORE UNIFORM CONDITIONS THAN EXIST IN THE CLASSROOM. A…

TERWILLIGER, JAMES S.

409

Political Activism and Civic Education among Australian Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the impact of school variables on student political knowledge and political activity using questionnaire responses from 1,311 secondary school students in South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory. Findings show that many students have had experience with normative forms of political activity, but fewer have engaged in…

Saha, Lawrence J.

2000-01-01

410

Managing Women: Secondary School Principals in Trinidad and Tobago.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the experiences of 12 women secondary school principals managing small schools in Trinidad and Tobago. Demonstrates the ways their personal and professional lives are intertwined and how race, class, and gendered positions impact their career choice, promotional opportunities, and management practice. (SLD)

Morris, Jeanette

1999-01-01

411

Education with Production in Conventional Secondary Schools: Understanding and Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a study that investigated how the concept of education with production (EWP) can be understood in Zimbabwe and the capacity of conventional secondary schools in Zimbabwe to implement EWP. Chapter 1 of the document describes the concept of EWP as the application, in developing nations, of ideology in the school curriculum…

Mhlanga, Michael J.

412

Post-Secondary Safe Schools, 1999. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on safety in Minnesota's secondary and postsecondary schools assesses and evaluates the impact of existing laws and programs on school safety and anti-violence and recommends changes in law or policy to increase safety and curb violence. The report is based on a 1995-97 survey of postsecondary students, interviews with campus security…

Minnesota State Office of the Attorney General, St. Paul.

413

Selection by Attainment and Aptitude in English Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from a study of the admission arrangements for all secondary schools in England. We sketch the history of selection, answer questions about the scale and extent of selection by attainment or aptitude including an account of partially selective schools, consider the similarity and differences between selection by…

Coldron, John; Willis, Ben; Wolstenholme, Claire

2009-01-01

414

Principals' Engagement of Low Ability Students in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a grounded theory constructed from a study of Singapore neighbourhood secondary school principals' engagement of their lowest stream, the Normal Technical students, in their schools. This substantive theory is labelled the "theory of selective engagement". It implies that how principals engage their lowest streamed students…

Ong, Chye Hin; Dimmock, Clive

2013-01-01

415

The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools, 2006 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Updated for 2006, this comprehensive volume offers a snapshot profile of every public school district in the United States serving 1,500 or more students and provides pertinent evaluative and demographic statistics necessary to evaluate educational programs nationwide. "The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools" is a…

Grey House Publishing, 2006

2006-01-01

416

Cost Analysis of Secondary School Vocational Technical Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Delivery costs per contact hour for secondary school vocational technical education in Tennessee were gathered from January to June 1973. A sample of six selected schools teaching 58 courses in 109 separate classes was used. Data were analyzed to determine direct and indirect costs per student contact hour for each course with and without…

Harris, George W.; O'Fallon, O. Kenneth

417

Correlates of Job and Professional Satisfaction among Secondary School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the job and growth satisfaction of secondary school administrators. Three sets of variables (job, organizational, and personal characteristics) were tested in terms of their impact on 2 related but distinct dependent variables: job and growth satisfaction. The participants included 153 school administrators, 66 principals, and…

Conley, Sharon; Shaw, Shirley; Glasman, Naftaly

2007-01-01

418

INCLUSION in Secondary Schools: Bold Initiatives Challenging Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of stories from secondary school educators who have included students with disabilities in their classrooms. It profiles inclusive school systems in urban, suburban, and rural communities across the nation, and describes strategies teachers have used to successfully include all students. Specific chapters include: (1)…

Sage, Daniel D., Ed.

419

Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are turning to response to intervention (RTI) models to meet the needs of their students. The promise of RTI is that it will enable schools to better and more efficiently meet the learning needs of a large continuum of students by providing evidence-based schoolwide instruction, supplemental supports, and intensive individualized…

Feuerborn, Laura L.; Sarin, Kathryn; Tyre, Ashli D.

2011-01-01

420

TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IT IS THE EXPRESSED HOPE OF THE AUTHORS THAT THE PRACTICES DESCRIBED HERE WILL STIMULATE READER MODIFICATIONS OF THE MATERIAL PRESENTED, FOR EFFECTIVENESS IN ANY SCHOOL SITUATION. THE BOOK PRESENTS METHODS, PROCEDURES, AND TECHNIQUES FOR TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING IN JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL. CRITICAL THINKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING, USED…

DULL, LLOYD W.; AND OTHERS

421

Developing African Secondary School Libraries. A Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for the non-librarian or educated layperson, this manual provides step-by-step information on how to establish a school library. Although it is targeted for an African audience, the manual is general enough to provide information on school library development regardless of geographic location. The handbook begins by addressing the value of…

Touchard, Wolfhard

422

Off-Reservation Boarding School Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigating the Bureau of Indian Affairs' (BIA) boarding schools, a survey team of researchers in law, accounting, education, and psychology gathered data from the 18 BIA off-reservation boarding schools (3 elementary, 12 secondary, and 3 post secondary schools). Data were utilized to examine: student characteristics; teacher-pupil ratios;…

Underwood, George W.

423

Response to Intervention With Secondary School Students With Reading Difficulties  

PubMed Central

The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities with older students with intractable reading disabilities, (c) the reliability, validity, and use of screening and progress monitoring measures with middle school students, and (d) the implications of implementing response to intervention (RTI) practices at the middle school level. The authors provide guidance about prevailing questions about remediating reading difficulties with secondary students and discuss future directions for research using RTI frameworks for students at the secondary level.

Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

2012-01-01

424

The Pupil Appraisal Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of the Pupil Appraisal Center (PAC) is to promote teacher education by providing teachers and students direct experience in resolving behavioral disorders and learning problems. PAC provides specialized teacher training in counseling, reading, hearing, speech, and language development and provides service to area schools for…

Wilborn, Bobbie; Gentile, Lance M.

425

Smoke-free schools? Results of a secondary school smoking policies survey 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim To describe the cigarette-smoking policies of a sample of New Zealand secondary schools. Methods Schools randomly selected from six geographical regions for participation in the Health Sponsorship Council's 2002 Youth Lifestyle Study (YLS) were invited to also participate in the School Smoking Policies Survey (SSPS). Results Eighty one of 82 schools responded (response rate 98.8%); 64 schools (79.0%) provided

Helen Darling; Anthony Reeder

426

Secondary Schools Online: Are High School Web Sites Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High schools have traditionally focused on the in-depth instruction of specific subject matter and have served as both a preparatory phase for higher education for some students and an institution that prepares others to enter the workforce. One method to help high schools accomplish these goals is through the creation and maintenance of a school

Hartshorne, Richard; Friedman, Adam; Algozzine, Bob; Isibor, Theresa

2006-01-01

427

Working Together: Cross Sectoral Provision of Vocational Education for Scotland's School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help schools and colleges to manage better their partnerships for vocational education and in response to an undertaking in "Lifelong Partners," HMIE has recently published a self-evaluation guide for use with school-college partnerships. Against this background of policy initiatives, it is timely to examine the current state of play…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

428

The Effects of Nonpromotion on Elementary and Junior High School Pupils: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Because studies have variously analyzed the effects of nonpromotion on elementary and junior high school students--with some studies selecting control groups from within the same school and others without, some from age-peers and others from grade-peers--this meta-analysis mathematically integrates the research findings to coordinate their…

Holmes, C. Thomas; Matthews, Kenneth M.

429

The Beliefs and Behaviors of Pupils in an Experimental School: The Science Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, the second in a series, reports on the results of a year-long research project conducted in an experimental school associated with the Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh. Specifically, this is a report of findings pertaining to one major setting in the experimental school, the science lab. The science…

Lancy, David F.

430

Unexpected Learning Competencies of Grades 5 and 6 Pupils in Public Elementary Schools: A Philippine Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study tested the assumption of a positive and linear relation between years of schooling and school learning in the Philippine setting. It replicated a 1976 study that had cast doubt on this assumption in the Philippine public educational system. It tested three competing hypotheses for that finding: common sense, the 1976 arrested…

Felipe, Abraham I.

2006-01-01

431

A STUDY OF TEACHER-PUPIL INTERACTION IN HIGH SCHOOL BIOLOGY CLASSES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A CATEGORY SYSTEM FOR SYSTEMATIC OBSERVATION OF HIGH SCHOOL BIOLOGY LABORATORY AND LECTURE-DISCUSSION-RECITATION CLASSES WAS DEVELOPED AND USED TO QUANTIFY, ANALYZE, AND DESCRIBE OBSERVED CLASSROOM BEHAVIOR. THE CATEGORY SYSTEM WAS DEVELOPED BY OBSERVING EIGHT HIGH SCHOOL BIOLOGY TEACHERS ONCE EACH MONTH FOR FOUR SUCCESSIVE MONTHS. THE OBSERVER…

PARAKH, JAL SOHRAB

432

Citizenship Initiatives and Pupil Values: A Case Study of One Scottish School's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the education for citizenship agenda continues to impact on schools, there is a need to discuss and examine the kind of initiatives that can push it forward. In Scotland the proposals should, it is argued, permeate the curriculum throughout the school. Yet there is the fear that the responsibility of all can become the responsibility of none.…

Maitles, Henry

2010-01-01

433

Economies of Scale and Cost-Quality Relationships in Elementary and Secondary Schools: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of declining enrollment, this paper considers the questions of economies of scale, cost-quality interrelationships, and rigidities in the Ontario school system. From a survey of the pertinent literature, the author concludes that economies of scale are linked to the level, size, and pupil/teacher ratio of a school and operate…

Dawson, D. A.

434

Statistics of Public and Nonpublic Elementary and Secondary Day Schools 1968-69.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report makes readily available the summary data from a universe survey made to establish a current population frame for sampling public and nonpublic schools. Ten charts and 41 tables document the statistics covering the number of schools, pupils, and teachers (in full-time equivalents); and provide data on program offerings by the…

Gertler, Diane B.; Barker, Linda A.

435

Butt in, butt out: pupils' views on the extent to which staff could and should enforce smoking restrictions.  

PubMed

Schools which enforce a no-smoking policy may experience lower rates of pupil smoking. Little is known, however, about how young people view such restrictions and it has been argued that smoking bans might actually encourage adolescent smoking. This paper presents pupils' views on the extent to which staff could, and should, enforce smoking restrictions. Twenty-five single-sex discussion groups were held with 13-year-old pupils who had been purposively selected from two Scottish secondary schools. Both schools served relatively deprived communities and ostensibly had no-smoking policies, but varied in their pupil smoking rates. The pupils' accounts suggested that staff enforcement could interrupt pupil smoking and discourage smoking on school premises, but did not affect whether or not they actually smoked. Pupils viewed staff efforts as ineffective and felt staff did not always have the authority or status needed to enforce a ban. Differences were found between the schools, but these did not explain the variation in their smoking profiles. PMID:15020544

Turner, K M; Gordon, J

2004-02-01

436

Teaching controversial issues in the secondary school science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sample of fourteen secondary school biology teachers chosen from twelve schools were interviewed. The purpose was to determine their views on how controversial issues in science might be handled in the secondary school science classroom and whether the issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were suitable controversial issues for discussion in schools. In general, teachers indicated that controversial issues deserve a more prominent place in the science curriculum because they have the potential to foster thinking, learning, and interest in science. The issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were seen as appropriate contexts for learning, provided that teachers were well informed and sensitive to both the students and to the school environment.

van Rooy, Wilhelmina

1993-12-01

437

Supporting Pupils with Dyspraxia in the Visual Arts: Does Drawing from Observation Function as an Official and Discriminatory Discourse?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the demands that pupils with dyspraxia may face when engaging with the secondary art and design curriculum in a mainstream secondary school. It explores the possibility that there is an exclusive approach to art and design, prioritising a formalist approach to the teaching of specific skills and mastery of techniques, and…

Penketh, Claire

2007-01-01

438

Belonging and "Achieving" in the Free Market of Education: A Study on Students' Sensibilities in an Aotearoa/New Zealand School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School reform in New Zealand in the 1990s greatly affected funding strategies and school social dynamics. This paper investigates the effects of per-pupil funding and the track system on the sensibilities of students in one New Zealand secondary school. Per-pupil funding and the track system are used in an effort to attract parents (consumers) and…

Doerr, Neriko Musha

439

Educational Aspirations in Inner City Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to assess the nature and level of pupils' educational aspirations and to elucidate the factors that influence these aspirations. A sample of five inner city comprehensive secondary schools were selected by their local authority because of poor pupil attendance, below-average examination results and low rates of continuing in…

Strand, Steve; Winston, Joe

2008-01-01

440

The Relationships between School Guidance and Discipline: Critical Contrasts in Two Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hong Kong secondary schools have difficulty in integrating guidance, or counselling, and discipline into schooling. In some schools, discipline is overdeveloped while guidance is underdeveloped. The positive aspect of the caring system is distorted as part of the provision of discipline. This article looks at the distinction between guidance and…

Hue, Ming-Tak

2007-01-01

441

Portraits of High Schools. A Supplement to High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles of selected high schools represent part of the research done in preparation for the Carnegie Foundation's report, High Schools: A Report on Secondary Education in America. The testimony and behavior of youths and adults in real schools, and detailed descriptions of representative institutions, reflect the major themes of the report. These…

Perrone, Vito

442

Encouraging School Transportation Effective Energy Management (ESTEEM). Fuel Economy Management Handbook for Directors of Pupil Transportation; School District Administrators; Transportation Department Management.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook offers a practical approach for pupil transportation energy management by suggesting ideas to save fuel in the purchasing, planning, routing, scheduling, driving, and maintenance areas of the pupil transportation operation. The handbook is divided into seven parts. Part 1 and 2 provide insight into energy management in pupil

BRI Systems, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.

443

American Surveys in Secondary Schools and Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary and college level curriculum development projects that integrated women's history into American survey courses are described, and conclusions are drawn. The college level projects consisted of lecture outlines and bibliographies written and field tested by teachers and an annotated bibliography and six-week curriculum unit developed by…

Campbell, D'Ann

444

Establishing Working Relationships with Secondary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College political science departments can derive several benefits by offering computer utilization and survey research courses to secondary social science teachers. Presently, attitudes of both teachers and students toward the relationship between the "hard sciences" and the social sciences account for the lack of computer utilization in that area…

Buss, Terry F.; Binning, William C.

445

Secondary School Students' Attitudes toward Fitness Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to develop an instrument that has scores that are valid and reliable for measuring students' attitudes toward fitness testing. A second purpose of the study was to determine the attitudes of secondary students toward fitness testing. A review of literature, an elicitation study, and a pilot study were…

Mercier, Kevin John

2011-01-01

446

Helwan University Project Developing Primary School Pupils' Abilities and Skills at Some Egyptian Underprivileged Areas (Slums). (Field Study)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through directing concerted efforts and educational services of seven Faculties of Helwan University towards socially underprivileged pupils in slum areas (EL-Marg area in big Cairo) this research project had two main aims: firstly, modifying a set of arbitrary behaviors of those pupils, in a trial to develop some behavior skills associated with…

El-Tayeb, Mahmoud N.; El Nashar, Mohamed; Zeid, Mai M.; El-Sayed, Magda; Ramadan, Mohamed A.; Hamdi, Safia M.; El-Affy, Nabila; Ebeid, Amina K.; El-Marasi, Sonia S.; Abou-Elmahty, Maher

2010-01-01

447

Effect of a Physical Education Teacher's Disability on High School Pupils' Learning and Perceptions of Teacher Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To date, most of the work done by those who do research in adapted sport pedagogy (a sub-discipline of sport pedagogy focused on modified forms of physical education that address the needs of pupils with disabilities) has focused on the experience of pupils with disabilities and relatively little work has examined the difficulties…

Bryant, Lance G.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew

2009-01-01

448

Enrollment [in California] of Educable Mentally Retarded Pupils. School Years 1968-69 to 1973-74.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The chart provides enrollment figures of educable mentally retarded (EMR) pupils in each California county from 1968 to 1974. Also given are the differences between high and low enrollment figures which show large decreases in enrollment of EMR pupils for almost all counties in 1973-74. (DB)

California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento. Bureau for Mentally Exceptional Children.

449

Knowledge, practice and attitude toward epilepsy among primary and secondary school teachers in South Gezira locality, Gezira State, Sudan  

PubMed Central

Objective: The attitudes toward school pupils with epilepsy are influenced by the degree of school teachers’ knowledge of the disorder. Teachers usually do not receive any formal instructions on epilepsy during their training. This study aims to assess school teachers’ knowledge, attitude and practice when dealing with epilepsy in school children. Materials and Methods: This study was part of a series mandated by the Gezira Epilepsy Care Programme (GECP), to obtain baseline data for a community-adapted epilepsy education program. A pretested, semi-structured, 35-items questionnaire was the investigational tool. It was used to evaluate the knowledge of the basic facts about epilepsy among school teachers in this cross-sectional study. The questionnaire allowed teachers to express their opinions by means of free answers. The schools were chosen at random but not in a systematic equiprobability design. Two hundred teachers from public primary (100) and secondary (100) schools in the rural area of south Gezira Locality, Gezira State, Central Sudan, were recruited. Results: In this study, the majority of respondents had never been informed about epilepsy and therefore gave evasive answers to many questions. Few of the respondents considered epilepsy as contagious. None of participants objected to having epileptic children in their classes. Only 47 teachers (47%) in the primary schools had any knowledge of the initial procedures to help a child in seizure, presenting reasonable answers, compared to 64 (64%) teachers in the secondary schools. Recommendations: All school teachers should be given some kind of training in health services. The GECP should involve teachers in its current training programs for caregivers and lay association to help epileptic patients.

Babikar, Haydar E.; Abbas, Islam M.

2011-01-01

450

Smoking prevalence in 15-16-year-old pupils in Solihull, 1987-93: impact on health education practice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1987, a survey of the prevalence of cigarette smoking among 15-16-year-olds in Solihull has been carried out every two years (1987, 1989, 1991 and 1993). The information was gathered by an anonymous self-administered questionnaire, distributed to a one-in-five random sample of Year 11 pupils from all Solihull Local Authority secondary schools. The percentage of pupils who smoked (defined as

Wendy Robertson; Sara Bedford; Angela Gabb; David Parfitt; Neil Field

1994-01-01

451

Biennial Survey of Education in the United States, 1934-1936. Bulletin, 1937, No. 2. Volume I. Chapter II: Trends in Secondary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Education in the United States faces important problems in the large and increasing enrollments in secondary schools, in the wide variety of interests and the extensive range of capacities represented in the pupils coming to these schools, and in the peculiar needs by pupils of early adolescent age for advice and guidance on social, moral,…

Jessen, Carl A.

1937-01-01

452

Outline on Secondary School Moral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moral education is political, ideological, moral, and psychological quality education conducted for students. It plays a decisive and guiding role in upholding the socialist nature of schools, assuring the correct political direction in cultivating talent, and promoting the all-around development of students. Guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong…

Chinese Education and Society, 2006

2006-01-01

453

Portraits of Exemplary Secondary Schools: Highland Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the effects of community values on Highland Park High School's strong emphasis on academic achievement. The author concludes that high achievers benefit from this approach while mediocre or nonacademically inclined students are neglected. For journal availability, see SO 509 295. (AM)

Lightfoot, Sara Lawrence

1981-01-01

454

Planning Guide for Secondary School Music Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide focuses on the fundamental requirements for planning and designing school music suites. The guide provides brief explanations of critical factors affecting music suites so that music directors and other stakeholders can more quickly and clearly communicate music area fundamentals to architects and administrators. Topics cover…

Wenger Corp., Owatonna, MN.

455

Best Practices for Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent wave of accountability reform movements has largely overlooked the needs of middle and high school counselors, yet has generated daunting pressure for guidance programs to be standards-based and data-driven. Written from the perspective of a practicing, certified counselor, this guide contains essential information needed to implement…

Shelton, Carla F.; James, Edward L.

2004-01-01

456

Secondary Schooling for Children of the Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses Atlanta's George Washington Carver Comprehensive High School as an example to critique education for disadvantaged youth. The author found both academic and vocational training there inadequate to help students escape the limitations of their socio-economic backgrounds. For journal availability, see SO 509 295. (AM)

Jackson, Philip W.

1981-01-01

457

The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post–secondary Schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the family income -- college enrollment relationship and the evidence on credit constraints in post-secondary schooling. We distinguish short-run liquidity constraints from the long-term factors that promote cognitive and noncognitive ability. Long-run factors crystallized in ability are the major determinants of the family income -- schooling relationship, although there is some evidence that up to 8% of

Pedro Carneiro; James J. Heckman

2002-01-01

458

A Study of the Effects of School Size and Single-Sex Education in English Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

National value-added datasets have recently become available that record a pupil's progress from Key Stage 2 right through to GCSE. Such a dataset is clearly a useful tool for assessing the impact various characteristics of secondary schools have on pupil performance. This paper reports on a research project which involved the use of a variety of…

Spielhofer, Thomas; Benton, Tom; Schagen, Sandie

2004-01-01

459

Social Studies for EMR Pupils: A Course of Study for Senior High Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented are 10 units of study for educable mentally retarded (EMR) senior high school students in the area of social studies. The outlined sequence and suggested time allotment for each unit covers grades 10-12. Subject matter content of each unit is outlined in detail; particular teaching methods and materials are not specified. Units cover the…

Casler, Al; And Others

460

SUMMER PROGRAM IN MUSIC AND ART FOR DISADVANTAGED PUPILS IN PUBLIC AND NON-PUBLIC SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EIGHTY-SEVEN SUMMER MUSIC AND ART PROGRAMS FOR PUBLIC AND NONPUBLIC SCHOOL DISADVANTAGED FIRST TO SIXTH GRADERS WERE EVALUATED. THE PARTICIPANTS WERE SELECTED BECAUSE OF THEIR INTEREST AND THEIR ABILITY TO READ AT GRADE LEVEL. THE AIMS OF THE PROGRAMS WERE TO PROVIDE AN EXPERIENCE IN THE ARTS, IDENTIFY AND ENCOURAGE THE TALENTED, AND BROADEN THE…

STEINHOFF, CARL R.

461

Sleep Disturbances are Associated With Reduced School Achievements in First-Grade Pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several previous studies have demonstrated deteriorated scholastic achievements in school-aged children who experience sleep disturbances. In the current study, we examined the association between sleep disturbances during kindergarten (fifth to sixth year of children), and behavior, neurocognitive skills, as well as the children's future academic performance in first grade. The population included 98 kindergarten students who were scheduled to attend

Sarit Ravid; Iris Afek; Suheir Suraiya; Eli Shahar; Giora Pillar

2009-01-01

462

Training School Pupils in the Scientific Method: Student Participation in an International VLF Radio Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on a school-university collaboration to involve students in the deployment, testing, and operation of a very low frequency (VLF) radio receiver as part of an international network of such experiments. A background to the collaboration is presented, along with a summary of planning and development, and the ultimate deployment of the…

Denton, J. J.; Denton, M. H.; Kavanagh, A. J.; Harron, H.; Ulich, T.; Denton, J. S.

2012-01-01

463

What Do Pupils with Disabilities Have To Say about Their Experience in High School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of 52 high school students with disabilities found that 15 reported negative experiences when interacting with general education peers, students wanted to disassociate themselves from special education and special education students, and several indicated that they did not like special education. Recommendations for teachers are provided.…

Lovitt, Thomas C.; Plavins, Maris; Cushing, Suzanne

1999-01-01

464

The Emergence of Cyberbullying: A Survey of Primary School Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research that has examined cyberbullying among children under the age of 11 years. The current study explored the nature and extent of the phenomenon among primary school children aged 7- to 11-years-old (N = 220; 116 boys and 104 girls) and investigated their perceptions of the distress caused to victims, how victims would feel,…

Monks, Claire P.; Robinson, Susanne; Worlidge, Penny

2012-01-01

465

Home-School Learning of Science: The Culture of Homes, and Pupils' Difficult Border Crossing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes science activities for home in terms of sociological theory to understand activities in the home. Demonstrates the existence of differences that cannot fail to affect children's learning in both home and school situations. Illustrates a variation in attitude affecting children as they daily cross boundaries from one culture to another,…

Solomon, Joan

2003-01-01

466

School Adjustment of Pupils with ADHD: Cognitive, Emotional and Temperament Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From different research perspectives, the cognitive and emotional characteristics associated with ADHD in children have been identified as risk factors for the development of diverse adjustment problems in the school context. Research in nonclinical population can additionally help in understanding ADHD deficits, since children with specific…

Sanchez-Perez, Noelia; Gonzalez-Salinas, Carmen

2013-01-01

467

Development of a Test of Process Skills for Grade 3 Elementary School Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although the development of process skills has been accepted as being an important part of elementary school curricula in science and in other subjects, few valid and reliable tests exist for their assessment. Therefore, a test is currently being developed to assess these skills. It is designed to meet seven criteria (such as testing process…

Isaacs, Patricia A.

468

Pre-Teenage Pupils' Experiences of Education in School on the Subject of Illegal Drugs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is mounting evidence that the age at which children are using and becoming exposed to illegal drugs is declining and that such use and exposure is becoming an increasing problem within pre-teenage populations. This suggests that there is an important role for drug education in primary schools in encouraging and helping young children to…

McIntosh, James; MacDonald, Fiona; McKeganey, Neil

2004-01-01

469

"The Perfect Pupil": Changing Aims and Changing Measures of Success in School RE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England and Wales, religious education (RE) in non-faith schools has gradually changed from Christian education to the study of many religions and philosophies. However, the core values of RE have continued to be related to concerns about social cohesion and the building of shared values. The article briefly discusses changes in RE since 1944…

Levitt, Mairi; Muir, Fiona

2014-01-01

470

Musculoskeletal Pain Disorders among Secondary School Saudi Female Teachers  

PubMed Central

Objective. This study was conducted to estimate prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal pain disorders among secondary school Saudi female teachers in Al-Khobar area and the psychodemographic and psychosocial factors that may affect them. Material and Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted using sample of secondary schools teachers (governmental and private school) in Al-Khobar area, Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire. Result. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders was 79.17%. Main sites of pain were lower back (63.8%) followed by shoulder (45.4%), neck (42.1%), leg (40.0%), wrist (16.2%), and elbow joint (10.0%). Factors that showed significant relationship were type of school (p value 0.038), age (p value 0.002), weight (p value 0.007), number of children (p value 0.006), shoe type (p value 0.000), teaching years (p value 0.003), and working daily hours (p value 0.027). Conclusion. Secondary school female teachers showed high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders in most anatomic sites, namely, the back, shoulder, neck, legs, wrist, and elbow joint. Risk factors associated with significant pain were type of school, age, weight, number of children, and number of teaching years.

Darwish, Magdy A.; Al-Zuhair, Shatha Z.

2013-01-01

471

School Effectiveness and the "Other Outcomes" of Secondary Schooling: A Reassessment of Three Decades of British Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has long been assumed that schools which were "effective" with respect to one set of outcomes (usually academic performance) were generally more "effective" in relation to others. This article reviews the last three decades of British evidence across a range of affective, social and other non-cognitive outcomes including: pupils' attitudes to…

Gray, John

2004-01-01

472

Physics: Frightful, but Fun. Pupils' and Teachers' Views of Physics and Physics Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is widespread concern for the situation of school physics regarding recruitment, contents, teaching methods, etc. In this study based on questionnaire and focus group data, we explore how upper secondary pupils and teachers perceive physics as a subject, how they experience physics instruction, and how physics compares to other subjects. Our…

Angell, Carl; Guttersrud, Oystein; Henriksen, Ellen K.; Isnes, Anders

2004-01-01

473

London Challenge: Surveys of Pupils and Teachers, 2005. Research Report RR718  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The London Challenge is a Department for Education and Skills (DfES) initiative, which aims to raise levels of attainment in London secondary schools and to create a world class education system in the capital. In 2005, London Challenge commissioned the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to carry out a survey of Year 7 pupils,…

Ridley, Kate; Knight, Sarah; Scott, Emma; Benton, Tom; Woodthorpe, Adrian

2006-01-01

474

Characteristics of the 100 Largest Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts in the United States: 1991-92.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report provides basic descriptive information about the 100 largest school districts in the United States and its outlying areas. Almost one in four public school students in the country is served by one of these districts. Characteristics, which include average and median school size, pupil/teacher ratios, number of high school graduates,…

Sietsema, John

475

Primary-Secondary Transfer: A Science Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a recurring debate many people have probably been engaged in: why do pupils appear to under-perform in the lower years of secondary school? In the latest in their "Perspectives on education" series, "Primary-secondary transfer in science" (Wellcome Trust, 2009), the Wellcome Trust addresses this problematic area with respect to UK science…

Watkins, Richard

2010-01-01

476

Skin infections in male pupils of primary schools in Al Ahsa  

PubMed Central

Objectives: To determine the prevalence, the nature, and the possible socio-demographic risk factors involved in the development of common transmissible skin disorders (TSD) among the studied population. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional consecutive survey was carried out from November 15, 2008 to May 14, 2009 in Al-Ahsa governorate. This study included 1337 male primary school children. Data were collected using the following tools: Socio-demographics and hygienic habits according to pre-established forms and a thorough dermatological examination of all the included children. Results: The prevalence of TSD was 27.15% with a statistically significant difference according to rural/urban locations (33.74% vs. 22.27%). Fungal infections were the leading diseases (9.1%) followed by bacterial infections (8.9%), parasitic infestations (4.3%), and viral infections (4.1%). TSD were significantly more frequent in students whose fathers have a primary or preparatory educational status and in the students having the habit to play barefooted. Conclusion: Our study found that TSD was relatively frequent among male primary school students in Al-Ahsa. Our study has several limitations. One major limitation is that female primary school students were excluded from the study. Despite this major limitation, we hope the findings may be useful in planning health care programs for Saudi children with the hope of reducing the prevalence of TSD in the future.

Amri, Montassar; Amin, Tarek; Sulaiman, Waseem

2013-01-01

477

Pupil Master Record System: History and Outlook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Montgomery County, Maryland Public Schools, working with Operations Research, Incorporated, developed a Pupil Master File (PLMF). PLMF is one of the several applications included within the Pupil Subsystem of the district's overall computerized School Information System. The PLMF is designed to provide: 1) a master file which enables users to…

Miller, J. J.; Skees, W. D.

478

Planning and Analysis Needs for Pupil Transportation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was initiated to determine the pupil transportation planning and analysis needs of Alberta school systems and, based on these needs, to define an action plan for the development of an information or analytical package that would assist school boards with their pupil transportation activities. Based on the data collected from indepth…

Stanley Associates, Edmonton (Alberta).

479

Prior-to-Secondary School Course Classification System: School Codes for Exchange of Data (SCED).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Prior-to-Secondary SCED provides a taxonomy and course descriptions intended to help schools and education agencies maintain longitudinal information about students coursework in an efficient, standardized format that facilitates the exchange of recor...

2011-01-01

480

Key Statistics on Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Agencies: School Year 1997-98.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents universe data on the organization, students, staff, and financial resources of public elementary and secondary education agencies and schools. Data are from the National Center for Education Statistics Common Core of Data Program. (Author/SLD)

Hoffman, Lee M.

2001-01-01

481

Crossing the Primary and Secondary School Divide in Teacher Preparation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher education courses at universities qualify graduates to teach in age-related contexts of primary/early childhood/secondary that reflect the organisational structure of schools. In terms of teacher employment, for some considerable time, these longstanding organisational divisions have been by-passed whereby a shortage of teachers in…

Knipe, Sally

2012-01-01

482

Digital Libraries in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers' Conception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and…

Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.

2011-01-01

483

Instructional Supervision in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports some findings of study regarding practices and procedures of internal instructional supervision in public secondary schools in Kenya. The findings are part of a large-scale project undertaken in Kenya to determine the perceptions of headteachers, teachers and senior government education officers regarding the practices of…

Wanzare, Zachariah

2012-01-01

484

An Examination of Indiscipline in Secondary Schools in the Congo.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to: (1) investigate some of the causes of lack of discipline in secondary schools in the Congo Republic according to teachers, students, and parents; (2) look into the effects that discipline problems have on the students' performances and their development as responsible citizens and (3) suggest or recommend measures…

Bafoua, Justin

485

Entrepreneurial Attitude and Entrepreneurial Efficacy of Technical Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy are considered to be two important factors influencing students' intention and success in becoming entrepreneurs. This study was conducted to determine the entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy of 3000 students following technical subjects in the secondary schools of Malaysia.…

Zaidatol Akmaliah, Lope Pihie; Bagheri, Afsaneh

2010-01-01

486

Predictors of Global Awareness and Concern among Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study evaluates global education at the secondary school level covering several regions of the United States and including programs which use contrasting educational approaches and conceptualizations. The programs represent a wide range of positions including the following: the period of time the program has been functioning, the extent of…

Torney-Purta, Judith

487

Secondary School Vice-Principals: Commitment, Challenge, Efficacy and Synchrony  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study sought to investigate Hong Kong secondary school vice-principals' job facets leading to overall job satisfaction, and to differentiate the satisfaction of vice-principals of different career orientations and gender groups. The findings indicated that there are four main facets of satisfaction, in rank order of influence on overall…

Yu-kwong, Paula Kwan; Walker, Allan

2010-01-01

488

School Turnarounds. Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help achieve President Obama's stated goal of ensuring that every student has meaningful opportunities to choose from upon graduating from high school, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). This new vision…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

489

The Formation of Science Choices in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I examine the formation of post-16 choices over 3 years among higher achieving students with respect to enrolment in post-compulsory science courses. Transcripts from four interviews carried out over 3 years with 72 secondary school students were qualitatively analysed. Students were found to shape their choices for science in a…

Cleaves, Anna

2005-01-01

490

Innovative Methods of Teaching Science and Engineering in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the design of an interactive learning environment to increase student achievement in secondary schools by addressing students' preconceptions, and promoting purposeful social collaboration, distributed cognition, and contextual learning. The paper presents the framework that guided our design efforts to immerse all students in a progression of guided-inquiry hands-on activities. Students find compelling reasons to learn by responding

Nathan BALASUBRAMANIAN; Brent G. WILSON; Krzysztof J. CIOS

491

A Comparison of Teaching Techniques in Secondary School Chemistry.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report concerns a seven-year longitudinal study of one teacher using a variety of teaching techniques to determine (1) the constancy of a teacher's final grade with regard to a number of independent variables, assessed over such a period, and (2) the effect upon achievement in secondary school chemistry of these independent variables.…

Kurek, Dolores B.; Buell, Robert R.

492

Model Spacecraft Construction, Units for Secondary School Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides twelve model spacecraft construction plans for use by secondary school teachers in industrial arts classes. These models were adopted and developed from plans supplied by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and are representative selections from the many spacecraft used in space exploration programs. Some…

Dean, C. Thomas; And Others

493

Media and Sexism (An Instructional Manual for Secondary School Teachers).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual presents background information and teaching activities for secondary school instruction on the relationship of sex roles and the media in American society. Section I provides background for teachers by defining basic terms, presenting a brief history of the mass media, and discussing why media are thought to play a strong role in…

Byerly, Carolyn M.

494

A Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Course for Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a course for reinforcing the knowledge of biochemistry in secondary school science teachers. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona designed a course to bring these teachers up to date with this discipline. In addition to updating their knowledge of biochemistry and molecular…

Fernandez-Novell, J. M.; Cid, E.; Gomis, R.; Barbera, A.; Guinovart, J. J.

2004-01-01

495

The Pendulum: A Stumbling Block of Secondary School Mechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refers to the somewhat surprising fact that questions connected with the mechanics of such popular physical models as the simple and conical pendulum seem to be difficult not only for secondary school students but for those taking introductory university courses in physics. Briefly analyzes two tests concerning both simple pendulum and conical…

Czudkova, Lenka; Musilova, Jana

2000-01-01

496

Aerospace-Oriented Units for Use in Secondary School Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of nine units is intended to furnish aerospace-oriented resource material to help teachers include recent scientific and technological advances in the secondary school science curriculum. The units provided are as follows: history of astronomy, the solar system, beyond the solar system, history of flight, spaceflight facts, aerology,…

Williams, Mary H.; And Others

497

Female Students and Achievement in Secondary School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement and the experiences of women in secondary school mathematics have been well documented in the research literature (e.g., Benbow & Stanley, 1980, 1983; Tartre & Fennema, 1995; Sherman, 1982; Ryckman & Peckham, 1987; Keller & Dauenheimer, 2003). With respect to achievement, the research literature primarily focuses on how women are…

Shildneck, Barry P., IV

2009-01-01

498

Secondary School Graduates and the Unified State Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociological surveys have shown that education in Russian society today still remains a valued priority to young people. It is in demand by a substantial portion of secondary school graduates who are hoping to continue their education in an institution of higher learning. The modernization of graduation and entrance tests, associated with the…

Makarova, M. N.

2012-01-01

499

Pedagogy in diverse secondary school classes: Legacies for higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As university teachers we find ourselves grappling with the increasingly diverse legacies of students' prior pedagogic experiences – some of which seem to work against the quality intellectual outcomes now demanded from higher education. In this context, this paper reports a descriptive study of pedagogy created for Chinese students in a mainstream Australian secondary school with a high level of

Karen Dooley

2004-01-01

500

Microworlds: Building Powerful Ideas in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) developed a programming language called LOGO. Underpinning this invention was a profound new philosophy of how learners learn. This paper reviews research in the area and asks how one notion in particular, that of a microworld, may be used by secondary school educators to build powerful…

Jenkins, Craig William

2012-01-01