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1

Secondary Modern Schools: Are Their Pupils Disadvantaged?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There are still 10 English local educational authorities (LEAs) that are wholly selective and a further 10 with some grammar and secondary modern schools. This article examines the academic performance of pupils in secondary modern schools and the funding of these schools using national data sets matching pupils' performance at Key Stage 2 and…

Levacic, Rosalind; Marsh, Alan J.

2007-01-01

2

Secondary School Pupils Perceptions of Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the analysis of data collected by Durham University's YELLIS project, over the period of 1999 to 2004. Included in this data was the degree to which pupils in England at the end of their secondary education "liked" or "disliked" different subjects, and their expected examination grades in these subjects. The authors' study…

Barmby, Patrick; Defty, Neil

2006-01-01

3

Problematising Pupil Voice Using Visual Methods: Findings from a Study of Engaged and Disaffected Pupils in an Urban Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores how pupils and teachers in an 11-16 mixed secondary school in an area of urban disadvantage in the UK experience pupil voice. It used visual methods to unpick some of the ways in which official and unofficial discourses of pupil voice, engagement, discipline and inclusion were played out in this school. A typology of pupils,…

Cremin, Hilary; Mason, Carolynne; Busher, Hugh

2011-01-01

4

Perspectives of pupils, parents, and teachers on mental health problems among Vietnamese secondary school pupils  

PubMed Central

Background Secondary school can be a stressful period for adolescents, having to cope with many life changes. Very little research has been conducted on the mental health status of secondary school pupils in South East Asian countries, such as Vietnam. The study aimed to explore perceptions of mental health status, risk factors for mental health problems and strategies to improve mental health among Vietnamese secondary school students. Methods A qualitative design was used to address the main study question including: six in-depth interviews conducted with professionals (with two researchers, two psychiatrists, and two secondary school teachers) to learn about their experience of mental health problems among secondary school pupils; 13 focus group discussions (four with teachers, four with parents, and five with pupils); and 10 individual in-depth interviews with pupils who did not take part in the FGDs, to reflect on the collected data and to deepen the authors’ understanding. All interviews and FGDs were audio-taped, transcribed and analyzed for the identification of emerging issues using qualitative techniques of progressive coding, analytic memoing and ongoing comparison. Results Our study confirms the need to pay attention to mental health of pupils in Vietnam. Depression, anxiety, stress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts were seen as major problems by all stakeholders. Mental health problems were mainly associated with academic pressure, resulting from an overloaded curriculum and pressure from teachers and parents to succeed. The study found that pupils’ mental health demands interventions at many levels, including at the level of government (Ministry of Education and Training), schools, communities, families and pupils themselves. Conclusions Vietnamese secondary school pupils feel that their mental health status is poor, because of many risk factors in their learning and living environment. The need now is to investigate further to identify and apply strategies to improve students’ mental health. PMID:24192066

2013-01-01

5

Truancy in Secondary School Pupils: Prevalence, Trajectories and Pupil Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School absenteeism and particularly unauthorized absenteeism or truancy has been the focus of a number of, so far largely unsuccessful, recent policy initiatives. The paper draws upon two sources of data, the British Household Panel Survey and detailed interviews with a group of persistent truants, to consider the extent, consequences and…

Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul

2006-01-01

6

Minor psychiatric morbidity in South African secondary school pupils.  

PubMed

This study investigated minor psychiatric morbidity ("neurotic": anxiety and depression symptoms) in rural (Black) South African secondary school pupils. The sample included 622 Grade 11 pupils (254 boys and 368 girls) in the age range of 17 to 24 years with a mean age of 19.3 yr. The inventories used were a questionnaire on the socioeconomic and family background, a Cultural Orientation Scale, a Student Stress Scale, a General Self-efficacy Scale, a Perceived Stress Scale, and the Self-reporting Questionnaire-20. The findings are that 12.6% of the pupils had a possible clinically significant psychological disorder. Contributing factors identified were interpersonal, study, finance, illness, perceived stress, low self-efficacy, and low religious orientation. PMID:10611768

Peltzer, K; Cherian, V I; Cherian, L

1999-10-01

7

Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of findings from the first study, and investigate

Peter K. Smith; Jess Mahdavi; Manuel Carvalho; Sonja Fisher; Shanette Russell; Neil Tippett

2008-01-01

8

Cyberbullying: Its Nature and Impact in Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of…

Smith, Peter K.; Mahdavi, Jess; Carvalho, Manuel; Fisher, Sonja; Russell, Shanette; Tippett, Neil

2008-01-01

9

School and Pupil Effects on Secondary Pupils' Feelings of Safety in School, around School, and at Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In line with fear of crime research, schools should be secure places where pupils feel safe in order to function well. Various types of risk and promotive variables at school and pupil level may differently influence a pupil's feelings of safety in school, the school surroundings, and at home. The aim is to elaborate and test a theoretical…

Mooij, Ton; Fettelaar, Daan

2013-01-01

10

Pupil Mobility, Choice and the Secondary School Market: Assumptions and Realities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines assumptions which underpin the promotion of a quasi-market in the English secondary school system in light of research findings on pupil mobility--that is, children joining and leaving schools at non-standard times. It draws principally on research funded by the Nuffield Foundation and reports findings of a study of pupil

Dobson, Janet

2008-01-01

11

Grouping of Pupils in Secondary School Classrooms: Possible Links between Pedagogy and Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pupil groupings within classrooms are a constant social pedagogic factor which effect participation and learning. The grouping\\u000a of pupils provides a dynamic relationship between learning tasks and the classroom context within which learning takes place.\\u000a This paper explores types of pupil groupings found in secondary school classrooms related to themes of group size and composition,\\u000a learning task, group interaction and

Peter Kutnick; Peter Blatchford; Ed Baines

2005-01-01

12

Contradictions around Differentiation for Pupils with Dyslexia Learning English as a Foreign Language at Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article deals with differentiation of teaching methods and extra time in class for pupils with dyslexia by English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers in two Greek state secondary schools. Activity theory is applied to analyse the contradictions that emerge around the issue of differentiation for pupils with dyslexia from data compiled from…

Rontou, Maria

2012-01-01

13

Pupil Vulnerability and School Exclusion: Developing Responsive Pastoral Policies and Practices in Secondary Education in the UK  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

How to best support pupils who are considered to be in danger of temporary or permanent exclusion from secondary school is an issue that is currently exercising policy makers, school managers and teachers in the UK. Using primary research data gained from interviews with secondary pupils, school managers and behaviour support staff in a group of…

Tucker, Stanley

2013-01-01

14

Preferred social organization of learning formats among pupils experiencing different kinds of internalizing problems in secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aims of this study were to investigate the dimensionality of internalizing problems among secondary high school pupils and to find out about their preferences for the social organization of learning formats. We wanted to see if preferences varied for pupils reporting different kinds of internalizing problems. Five hundred and one pupils in Grades 8, 9 and 10 (aged 13–16

Erik Paulsen; Edvin Bru

2008-01-01

15

Personal, family and school influences on secondary pupils’ feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different types of variables seem to influence school safety and a pupil’s feelings of safety at school. The research question asks which risk and promotive variables should be integrated in a theoretical model to predict a pupil’s feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home; what the outcomes are of an empirical check of this model

Ton Mooij

2011-01-01

16

Personal, family and school influences on secondary pupils’ feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home  

Microsoft Academic Search

Different types of variables seem to influence school safety and a pupil’s feelings of safety at school. The research question asks which risk and promotive variables should be integrated in a theoretical model to predict a pupil’s feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home; what the outcomes are of an empirical check of this model

Ton Mooij

2012-01-01

17

`Make me normal'The views and experiences of pupils on the autistic spectrum in mainstream secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Facilitating the learning and participation of pupils with Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism (herein referred to as AS) in mainstream schools is complex and poorly understood. We report on a small-scale qualitative study of the views and experiences of 20 such pupils drawn from four secondary schools in north-west England. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and pupil diaries. Interpretive

Neil Humphrey; Sarah Lewis

2008-01-01

18

Inclusive Education for Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Secondary Mainstream Schools: Teacher Attitudes, Experience and Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the current study was to examine the experience, attitudes and knowledge of school staff in relation to inclusive education for pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) in mainstream secondary schools. Fifty-three participants from 11 secondary schools in the north-west of England completed a survey that covered socio-demographic…

Humphrey, Neil; Symes, Wendy

2013-01-01

19

Sexual and reproductive health among primary and secondary school pupils in Mwanza, Tanzania: need for intervention.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional questionnaire survey was conducted among 892 randomly selected pupils, aged 12 and above, attending 18 primary schools (PS) and five secondary schools (SS) in four communities of Mwanza Region in Tanzania. The goals were to assess the level of knowledge adolescents have about sexual and reproductive health (SRH), to assess the magnitude of SRH problems and to help design appropriate interventions. Median age of respondents was 15 years (range 12-20 years) and 14 years (range 12-19 years) for PS boys and girls, respectively, and 19 years (range 16-24 years) and 17 years (range 14-19 years) for SS boys and girls. Eighty per cent of PS boys and 68% of PS girls were already sexually active; the corresponding figures were 89% for SS boys and 48% for SS girls. Vaginal sex was the most common first sexual act reported by SS pupils, but 40% of PS pupils reported orogenital sex and 9% of PS pupils reported anal sex as their first sexual act. Almost half of PS girls have had sex with adults, including teachers and relatives. 'Forced sex' was reported by nearly half of PS and SS girls. Fourteen per cent of PS girls had already been pregnant, and over half of these pregnancies ended in illegally induced abortions. Despite a rather high (30%) lifetime rate of condom use, 33% and 25% of PS boys and girls, respectively, reported past experience of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). STD rates were lower among SS pupils who had a better knowledge of STDs/HIV and fertility issues and reported higher condom use. The survey demonstrated the great vulnerability of school-going adolescents of Mwanza Region to consequences of sexual intercourse. The response should urgently come in the from of comprehensive adolescent SRH programmes. PMID:9828954

Matasha, E; Ntembelea, T; Mayaud, P; Saidi, W; Todd, J; Mujaya, B; Tendo-Wambua, L

1998-10-01

20

Personal, Family and School Influences on Secondary Pupils' Feelings of Safety at School, in the School Surroundings and at Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Different types of variables seem to influence school safety and a pupil's feelings of safety at school. The research question asks which risk and promotive variables should be integrated in a theoretical model to predict a pupil's feelings of safety at school, in the school surroundings and at home; what the outcomes are of an empirical check of…

Mooij, Ton

2012-01-01

21

Injuries to primary school pupils and secondary school students during physical education classes and in their leisure time.  

PubMed

The study aimed to establish the frequency of injuries in primary and secondary schools during leisure time and physical education classes in school as well as in group and individual sports. The sample included 2842 pupils from nine primary schools and 1235 students from five secondary schools in Slovenia. The data were processed with the SPSS statistical software package and the frequencies and Crosstabs were calculated. The results showed that substantially more pupils and students were injured in their leisure time than during physical education classes. Girls were more frequently injured in group and individual sports practiced during physical education classes and in individual sports practiced in their leisure time, whereas boys suffered more injuries in group sports practiced in their leisure time. As regards group sports, pupils and students were most frequently injured while playing football in their leisure time whereas, during physical education classes, they suffered most injuries in volleyball, followed closely by basketball and football; as regards individual sports, pupils and students were most frequently injured while cycling and rollerblading in their leisure time, whereas during physical education classes they suffered most injuries in athletics. PMID:20977091

Videmsek, Mateja; Karpljuk, Damir; Mlinar, Suzana; Mesko, Maja; Stihec, Joze

2010-09-01

22

Greek Mainstream Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions of Inclusive Education and of Having Pupils with Complex Learning Disabilities in the Classroom/School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to examine Greek mainstream secondary school teachers' perceptions of inclusive education and of having pupils with complex learning disabilities (cLD) in the classroom or school. Participants included 138 Greek mainstream secondary school teachers working in inclusive state schools in northern Greece. Findings…

Coutsocostas, Georgia-Gloria; Alborz, Alison

2010-01-01

23

Secondary Transition Experiences for Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Conditions (ASCs)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research explored the views and experiences of key stakeholders regarding inclusion into secondary phase schooling for pupils with Autistic Spectrum Conditions (ASCs). Six Year 6 pupils met the criteria for admission to a mainstream secondary school with attached specialist provision for ASCs. Three pupils transferred to this school, whilst…

Dann, Rachel

2011-01-01

24

Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary Pupils in Northern England: Are the Predictors at the Individual, School or Neighbourhood Level?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines the Outgroup Prejudice Index (see "Research in Education," 83, 2010) to see what factors best predict levels of outgroup prejudice among adolescents living in northern England. A sample of 2,502 eleven- to sixteen-year-old secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire that included measures of outgroup prejudice,…

Brockett, Adrian; Wicker, Kate

2012-01-01

25

Talented Pupils in Physical Education: Secondary School Teachers' Experiences of Identifying Talent within the "Excellence in Cities" Scheme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study is part of an ongoing, funded project, which seeks to develop workable criteria for the identification of talented pupils in physical education. Using interviews with teachers and qualitative data analysis, it focuses on the experiences of practitioners in the secondary phase of schooling in one English city. The study found a…

Bailey, Richard; Tan, Jon Eng Chon; Morley, David

2004-01-01

26

Supporting Pupils and Families: A Case Study of Two English Extended Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Department for Education and Skills (DfES, 2005a) described an extended school as one providing activities and services, often beyond the school day, to address the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community. Extended schools have been established to provide a hub upon which services can be focused and where additional…

Rose, Richard; Smith, Andy; Feng Yan,

2009-01-01

27

Digital Bridge or Digital Divide? A Case Study Review of the Implementation of the "Computers for Pupils Programme" in a Birmingham Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Attempts to bridge the Digital Divide have seen vast investment in Information Communication Technology in schools. In the United Kingdom, the Computers for Pupils initiative has invested 60 million British Pounds of funds to help some of the most disadvantaged secondary school pupils by putting a computer in their home. This paper charts and…

Morris, Jonathan Padraig

2011-01-01

28

Asthma prevalence, knowledge, and perceptions among secondary school pupils in rural and urban coastal districts in Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background Asthma is a common chronic disease of childhood that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among secondary school pupils in urban and rural areas of coast districts of Tanzania. The study also aimed to describe pupils’ perception towards asthma, and to assess their knowledge on symptoms, triggers, and treatment of asthma. Methods A total of 610 pupils from Ilala district and 619 pupils from Bagamoyo district formed the urban and rural groups, respectively. Using a modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire, a history of “diagnosed” asthma or the presence of a wheeze in the previous 12 months was obtained from all the studied pupils, along with documentation of their perceptions regarding asthma. Pupils without asthma or wheeze in the prior 12 months were subsequently selected and underwent a free running exercise testing. A???20% decrease in the post-exercise Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) values was the criterion for diagnosing exercise-induced asthma. Results The mean age of participants was 16.8 (±1.8) years. The prevalence of wheeze in the past 12 months was 12.1% in Bagamoyo district and 23.1% in Ilala district (p?pupils in Ilala and Bagamoyo districts, respectively (p?pupils. Non-asthmatic pupils feared sleeping, playing, and eating with their asthmatic peers. Conclusion The prevalence rates of self-reported asthma, wheezing in the past 12 months, and exercise-induced asthma were significantly higher among urban than rural pupils. Although bronchial asthma is a common disease, pupils’ perceptions about asthma were associated with fear of contact with their asthmatic peers in both rural and urban schools. PMID:24754895

2014-01-01

29

Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils  

PubMed Central

Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions) where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination) on suicide-risk is understudied. Our aim is to explore if school context is associated with rates of attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and self-harm at age 19, adjusting for confounders. Methods A longitudinal school-based survey of 1698 young people surveyed when aged 11, (primary school), 15 (secondary school) and in early adulthood (age 19). Participants provided data about attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and deliberate self-harm at 19. In addition, data were collected about mental health at age 11, social background (gender, religion, etc.), and at age 15, perception of local area (e.g. neighbourhood cohesion, safety/civility and facilities), school connectedness (school engagement, involvement, etc.) and school context (size, denomination, etc.). A dummy variable was created indicating a religious 'mismatch', where pupils held a different faith from their school denomination. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression. Results After adjustment for confounders, pupils attempted suicide, suicide-risk and self-harm were all more likely among pupils with low school engagement (15-18% increase in odds for each SD change in engagement). While holding Catholic religious beliefs was protective, attending a Catholic school was a risk factor for suicidal behaviours. This pattern was explained by religious 'mismatch': pupils of a different religion from their school were approximately 2-4 times more likely to attempt suicide, be a suicide-risk or self-harm. Conclusions With several caveats, we found support for the importance of school context for suicidality and self-harm. School policies promoting school connectedness are uncontroversial. Devising a policy to reduce risks to pupils holding a different faith from that of their school may be more problematic. PMID:22093491

2011-01-01

30

The Effects of a Cognitive Acceleration Intervention Programme on the Performance of Secondary School Pupils in Malawi  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of the 'Cognitive Acceleration through Science Education' (CASE) intervention programme was explored in Malawi to see if the critical period for cognitive transition from concrete operations to formal operations at 12-14 years of age actually exists. The older pupils (16-17 years of age) in secondary school classes in Malawi made similar cognitive gains to younger English pupils after being taught CASE for 2 years. This was taken to suggest that the critical period does not exist. However, in Malawi, girls, who are on average a year younger than boys in the same class, and older boys, had lower academic achievement than younger boys. Explanations for this age and gender interaction are explored.

Mbano, Nellie

2003-01-01

31

Academic Outcomes in School Classes with Markedly Disruptive Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present research is to investigate the degree to which average academic outcomes in secondary school classes are associated with the inclusion of markedly disruptive pupils. Findings are based on two separate studies among pupils in Norwegian secondary schools. The first study included a relatively large sample of 2,332 pupils from…

Bru, Edvin

2009-01-01

32

The Efficacy of CWPT Used in Secondary Alternative School Classrooms with Small Teacher\\/Pupil Ratios and Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders  

Microsoft Academic Search

ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) is an evidence-based instructional strategy effective with students with and without disabilities. The evidence for efficacy is strong with respect to students in elementary schools learning basic academic skills in classrooms with large teacher-pupil ratios, and relatively less strong for students in secondary schools learning academic content skills in general education classrooms. Largely unknown, however, is

Lisa J. Bowman-Perrott; Charles R. Greenwood; Yolanda. Tapia

2007-01-01

33

Model for Calculating Cost per Pupil for Secondary Vocational, General and Transfer Curricula in Comprehensive High Schools, Shared Time Vocational Schools and Full Time Vocational Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the second phase of a project (see ED 114 494 for phase 1) a data collection and analysis model for determining the cost per pupil for vocational education programs was refined and tested in two comprehensive high schools, a shared time area vocational technical school, and a full-time area vocational technical school in New Jersey.…

Doty, Charles R.; And Others

34

The Deployment, Training and Teacher Relationships of Teaching Assistants Supporting Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Mainstream Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Growing numbers of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) are attending mainstream schools, and increasing numbers of additional staff are being deployed to support them. Recent research has cast doubt on the effectiveness of this support, by highlighting issues relating to deployment and training, and to relationships with class teachers.…

Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil

2011-01-01

35

Language Abilities of Secondary Age Pupils at Risk of School Exclusion: A Preliminary Report  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the UK, exclusions from school because of behaviour problems usually occur when other alternatives have proved unsuccessful. There is some evidence to suggest that behaviour problems and resulting school exclusions are associated with language impairment. In older children who are permanently excluded, expressive rather than receptive language…

Clegg, Judy; Stackhouse, Joy; Finch, Katy; Murphy, Claire; Nicholls, Shelley

2009-01-01

36

Working with a Secondary School to Improve Social Relationships, Pupil Behaviour, Motivation and Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper gives an account of a project undertaken by a multidisciplinary team, which included an educational psychologist, advisory teacher and behaviour consultant, to help revise and improve a school's behaviour policy and practice. At the onset, the team spent a great deal of time consulting with the teachers, parents but, above all, the…

Swinson, Jeremy

2010-01-01

37

Attitude toward Christianity among Secondary School Pupils in Northern Ireland: Shifts in Denominational Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Northern Ireland is a province that remains deeply divided between Protestants and Catholics and maintains a segregated system of schools. Purpose: The research builds on a series of studies conducted in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s to monitor the attitude toward Christianity of males and females educated in Protestant and Catholic…

Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy; Lewis, Christopher Alan; Barnes, L. Philip; Sion, Tania ap

2007-01-01

38

Promoting Pro-Environmental Behaviour: Collection of Used Batteries by Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is based on Kollmuss and Agyeman's mode, and aims to determine if the prerequisites for pro-environmental behaviour, such as the collection of used batteries at school, are ethical, cognitive and environmental. A questionnaire/opinionnaire was given to 102, 14-17-year-olds to gather data on: (1) their current recycling habits, (2)…

Rioux, Liliane

2011-01-01

39

What Does "Inclusion" Mean for Pupils on the Autistic Spectrum in Mainstream Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The last decade has seen a groundswell of developments in educational policy in the UK relating to inclusive education for students with special educational needs (SEN). However, whether government policy has been fully implemented in schools remains a concern. The experience of students with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) provides an…

Humphrey, Neil; Lewis, Sarah

2008-01-01

40

The Effect of Month of Birth on the Attainments of Primary and Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Previous research has produced conflicting results regarding the effects of season of birth and age-position on cognitive attainments. In Northern Ireland the school year divides the summer season into two providing an opportunity to evaluate the relative contribution of season of birth and age-position effects. Aims: To investigate…

McPhillips, Martin; Jordan-Black, Julie-Anne

2009-01-01

41

Entrepreneurship Projects and Pupils' Academic Performance: A Study of Norwegian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many European countries have launched policy strategies for entrepreneurship education in the past decade. The result is a significant increase of entrepreneurship education in schools and higher education institutions in Europe. Entrepreneurship education is supposed to promote entrepreneurial abilities and improve academic performance. This…

Johansen, Vegard; Schanke, Tuva

2014-01-01

42

The Impossibility of Minority Ethnic Educational "Success"? An Examination of the Discourses of Teachers and Pupils in British Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article argues that in Britain dominant educational discourses of "the ideal pupil" exclude minority ethnic pupils and prevent them from inhabiting a position of authentic "success". It suggests that "the successful pupil" is a desired yet refused subject position for many minority ethnic young people--even for those who are (to some extent)…

Archer, Louise

2008-01-01

43

Cochlear Implanted Pupils in Scottish Schools: 4-Year School Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Achievements of Deaf Pupils in Scotland (ADPS) project has been tracking the educational attainment of deaf pupils in Scotland's schools since 2000. At the time of writing, the database contains records for 1,752 deaf pupils (2000--2005). Here 4-year aggregate educational attainment data are reported for a subset of 152 school-aged deaf pupils

Thoutenhoofd, Ernst

2006-01-01

44

Study Behaviour and Achievement in Science of Form Five Pupils in Two Secondary Schools in Kuala Lumpur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to obtain insight into the pattern of relationships between students' achievement in science and study behavior variables. Surveyed were 17-year-olds in the science stream of two secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur. Sex differences were found. (MNS)

Gan, Siowck Lee

1984-01-01

45

Peer-Group Indicators of Social Inclusion among Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) in Mainstream Secondary Schools: A Comparative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) attending mainstream schools is increasing, but there is evidence that their needs may not be fully met. Previous research has suggested that such pupils are at an increased risk of social exclusion. In light of this, the aim of the current study was to examine the sociometric status,…

Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil

2010-01-01

46

Successful Placement or Displacement in the Transition from School to Vocational Training: The Case of Lower Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A system of qualification options has evolved that is complementary to company-based and school-based vocational training. Thus far, these alternatives have been largely disregarded by vocational education research. Yet with respect to the number of annual entries, those alternatives are currently nearly as significant as conventional vocational…

Skrobanek, Jan; Reissig, Birgit; Muller, Matthias

2011-01-01

47

Brief Report: Multilevel Analysis of School Smoking Policy and Pupil Smoking Behaviour in Wales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey involving 1941 pupils (in grades 10 and 11) and policy indicators developed from interviews with staff from 45 secondary schools in Wales examined the hypotheses that pupil smoking prevalence would be associated with: restrictive staff and pupil smoking policies; dissemination of school

Wiium, Nora; Burgess, Stephen; Moore, Laurence

2011-01-01

48

Pupils as GIS-Experts in the Context of Flood Risk - An Interactive Learning Environment for Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Floods and their destructive consequences for local residents are distributed in the media periodically and are, accordingly, noticed by students. Especially the discussion about the impacts of an anthropogenic climate change on the frequency of extreme events reinforces the importance of addressing the subject in school curricula. Remote sensing and GIS offer a wide range of methods for analyzing problems of vulnerability and risk, but are normally not recognized in school education. Reasons for this are: teachers have not been taught how to use and interpret remote sensing data, and there is only little material or software which can be integrated into school lessons without considerable effort. The main goal of the German FIS-project ("Fernerkundung in Schulen" - "Remote Sensing in Schools") is the development of easy-to-use e-learning material in order to apply remote sensing methods in schools and thereby enforcing learning mechanisms based on the moderate constructivist learning theory. The interactive learning unit "Floods - Dealing with a constant threat" is a learning module for a double lesson that enables young students from age 12 to 16 to use geo data for a site analysis especially focusing on the threat of floods. Following a guiding question from a real-world situation, the students are in demand as experts for site analyses and, in the process, need to identify problems arising with a location decision. Their investigation includes measurements in the three-dimensional space of a study area near the Rhine River. Therefore the students are provided with data from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), a satellite image and several GIS-layers. The different data sets have to be combined in order to achieve valuable results. At certain points the pupils need to reflect their decisions after incorporating new information against the background of flood risk. The presented learning module is designed in Flash and, thus, is platform-independent. It is freely available on the project's website. While animations impart background information, e.g. the generation of a DEM, the main module relies on real-time simulation. The learning module incorporates elements of game-based learning by making use of interactive simulations and design elements appealing to children and adolescents in order to engage them with the story, but it has a strong focus on the appropriate use of geo data in a scientific context all the same.

Goetzke, Roland; Hodam, Henryk; Rienow, Andreas; Voß, Kerstin

2013-04-01

49

Change in Myself-as-a-Learner Scale (MALS) Scores as Pupils Transfer to and Progress through Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal changes in pupils' academic self-perception (as measured by Myself-As-a-Learner Scale [MALS]) were investigated between Year 6 and Year 10. The possibility of there being gender and attainment differences was also explored. There was a significant drop in mean MALS scores between Years 6 and 7. There was a further drop between…

Norgate, Roger; Osborne, Cara; Warhurst, Amy

2013-01-01

50

"Possible Selves" of Young People in a Mainstream Secondary School and a Pupil Referral Unit: A Comparison  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research uses the psychological construct of "possible selves" to investigate the aspirations of 25 students in Year 11. "Possible selves" provide a conceptual link between self-concept and motivation. The study compared the positive, negative and impossible possible selves of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) attendees with participants from a…

Mainwaring, Deborah; Hallam, Susan

2010-01-01

51

CarboSchools: partnerships between climate researchers and secondary school teachers. CarboOcean's and CarboEurope's combined initiative to educate pupils in latest marine and terrestrial carbon cycle research  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

CarboSchools links researchers from several leading carbon science laboratories in Europe with secondary schools. In these partnerships, young Europeans conduct experiments on the impact of greenhouse gases and learn about climate research and the reduction of emissions. Scientists and teachers co-operate to give young people practical experience of research through true investiagtions and direct interactions with scientists. The pupils also have the opportunity to inform the wider community about climate change by producing a final output of articles, exhibitions, conferences etc. Nine research institutes in seven countries are exploring how they can best motivate and support such partnerships at the regional level across a wide variety of contexts, topics, and age-groups. European co-operation makes it possible to compare results, learn from each other and develop replicable good practive. Pupils can gain European experience by getting involved in the Europe-wide "school CO2-web" project. In order to assess the educational impact of the CarboSchools project, an in-depth evaluation of attitudes, beliefs, and skills will be carried out. Started in 2004 by CarboEurope and CarboOcean, two major European Integrated Projects on the terrestrial and marine carbon cycle, CarboSchools is currently funded by the Science and society programme of the EU with a target of ca 100 schools directly involved. Furthermore, EPOCA, a new EU project on ocean acidification, joins forces with CarboSchools.

Volbers, A.; Freibauer, A.; Saugier, P.; CarboSchools Consortium

2009-04-01

52

Exploring pupils' perceptions of the effects of residential schooling on children with emotional and behavioral difficulties  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is concerned with a study that was carried out into the effects of residential schooling on boys of secondary school age with emotional and behavioral difficulties (Cooper, 1989). The particular and original focus of the study was pupil experience in two residential schools as revealed through the perceptions of the pupils themselves. The paper reports the reasons for

Paul W. Cooper

1993-01-01

53

School Influence and Pupil Attitude towards Religion.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Religious attitudes of junior school pupils were studied in relation to their type of school religious education. Roman Catholic, Church of England, and state schools were compared, as were those providing no religious education and those using a "traditional" or "modern" syllabus. The attitude scales are included. (SJL)

Francis, L.

1979-01-01

54

Summer Mathematics Remediation for Incoming Pupils; 1975 High School Umbrella Number 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Funded under Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I, the Summer Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975 High School Umbrella #2 program (RIP) was designed to provide remedial instruction in mathematics to incoming ninth and tenth grade pupils who had attended Title I junior high or intermediate schools. The program was designed to bridge the gap…

Siegelman, Marvin

55

Academic Achievement, Pupil Participation and Integration of Group Work Skills in Secondary School Classrooms in Trinidad and Barbados  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studies have shown a positive relationship between a rise in schooling levels and economic production [World Bank, 2005. A Time to Choose: Caribbean Development in the 21st Century. World Bank, Washington, DC; Jules, V., Panneflek, A., 2000. EFA in the Caribbean: Assessment 2000, Sub-Regional Report, vol. 2, The State of Education in the Caribbean…

Layne, Anthony; Jules, Vena; Kutnick, Peter; Layne, Clarissa

2008-01-01

56

Capturing the Pupil Voice of Secondary Gifted and Talented Students Who Had Attended an Enrichment Programme in Their Infant School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was conducted during the Easter holidays of 2010 at Rawmarsh City Learning Centre with 16 students from school years 8 to 11 who had participated, during their infant years, in a gifted and talented Key Stage One Enrichment Cluster. The students represented a wide range of backgrounds, and five were identified as being on the autistic…

Houghton, Chris

2014-01-01

57

Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

Mosothwane, Modise

2011-01-01

58

An Investigation into Sex Differences in Certain Aspects of Science Practical Work with First-year Secondary School Pupils in Single Sex and Mixed Teaching Groups.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This investigation showed no sex difference between boys and girls with regard to practical work at the end of their first year of secondary school and no difference between schools and groupings (all boys, all girls, mixed schools with mixed science classes, and mixed schools with single sex science classes). (JN)

Harvey, T. J.; Wareham, M.

1984-01-01

59

An Evaluation of the Speech Therapy Program for Disadvantaged Pupils in Non-Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This program, funded under Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act, is designed to provide speech therapy for approximately 6500 disadvantaged pupils in New York City non-public schools who have the additional handicap of defective speech. The objectives of the program were as follows: (1) to identify pupils with speech defects, (2)…

New York Univ., NY. Center for Field Research and School Services.

60

Helping Pupils who Refuse School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A special unit for children failing to attend school addressed the needs of students with school phobia, psychosomatic symptoms, fantasies, difficulties with parents, problems with clothes and behavior, poor self-image, and gaps in knowledge. The program aimed for reintegration into ordinary schools. (CL)

Church, Jean; Edwards, Berwyn

1984-01-01

61

Shaping Attitude toward Christianity among Year Seven Pupils: The Influence of Sex, Church, Home and Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study set out to examine the differences in attitude toward Christianity among year seven secondary school pupils who had undertaken their primary education either in a Church of England voluntary aided school or a non-denominational state-maintained school. Data were provided by 492 year-seven pupils attending three Church of England…

Swindells, Tracy; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

2010-01-01

62

Exploring Pupils' Perceptions of Teacher Racism in Their Context: A Case Study of Turkish and Belgian Vocational Education Pupils in a Belgian School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish-speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic…

Stevens, Peter A. J.

2008-01-01

63

Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary School Tracking Regimes in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines educational outcomes of pupils selected to secondary school types by different tracking regimes in a German state: Pupils are alternatively streamed after fourth grade or after sixth grade. Regression results indicate that, estimated on the mean, there are no negative effects of later tracking on educational outcomes in the middle of secondary school. Positive effects are observed

Andrea M. Mühlenweg

2008-01-01

64

Pupils' and teachers' experiences of school-based physical education: a qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objectives To explore pupils’ and teachers’ experiences of physical education (PE). Study design A qualitative investigation employing semistructured interviews. Self Determination Theory was used as a guiding theory and Template Analysis was used to analyse the data. Setting A secondary school in the North East of England. Participants 14 pupils (aged 13 and 14, boys and girls) with a range of self-perceived competencies regarding PE and four PE teachers of the pupils (3 male, 1 female). Primary and secondary outcomes (1) Attitudes and perceptions of PE pupils regarding their experiences of compulsory school PE lessons. (2) PE teachers’ experiences of teaching PE. Results Key results from pupils and teachers suggest pupils enjoy participation in PE when they feel competent, in control and supported by others. Feeling competent depended on (1) the activity within PE and (2) the pupils perceived physical capabilities/aptitude. Feeling in control related to (1) having a choice of activities, (2) being able to set exertion levels and (3) control over clothes worn while taking part. Relationships within pupil groups and between pupils and teachers were perceived as important. Teachers could positively influence their pupils’ enjoyment by understanding and supporting their personal goals, as opposed to dictating and controlling what they did and for how long, and by promoting a non-threatening atmosphere between pupils. Conclusions Rising obesity levels and concerns over the fitness of children and young people has returned the focus of PE to its potential as a vehicle for promoting health. This study suggests schools and PE teachers in particular can positively influence the PE experience of both boys and girls by providing more choice of activities and letting pupils make their own decisions based on their personal needs. PMID:25227625

Lewis, Kiara

2014-01-01

65

Crossing the humpback bridge: primary–secondary school transition in music education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the process of transferring from primary to secondary school in music from the perspective of the pupil. Seventy-five pupils from five schools were interviewed in small focus groups during their last weeks in primary school and follow-up interviews on 68 of the original pupils, representing 13 schools, took place one year later following a full year in

Nigel A. Marshall; David J. Hargreaves

2007-01-01

66

School-based theories of pupil assessment: a case study.  

PubMed

Case study design was used in this investigation of the pupil assessment theories of two middle school physical education teachers whose program was identified as a good program in which pupil assessment was taking place. An assumption guiding the study was that teachers' actions are rational and are designed to produce desired results. Therefore, a comparison is made only between two theories of action (espoused and enacted) rather than between theory and practice. Informal and semistructured interviews were employed to elicit teachers' espoused theories, and enacted theories were identified during field visits over a semester in which classes were observed and school documents examined. Teachers' theories of assessment are identified for the categories of participation, effort, and improvement; grading; written tests; fitness testing; performance tests; and formative recordkeeping. Espoused and enacted theories are then examined for congruency. The highest level of incongruency was found in the areas of performance tests and formative recordkeeping. Barriers to the use of pupil assessment techniques in this program include organizational, knowledge, and contextual factors. Change in the assessment practices of secondary teachers may be facilitated, however, through the identification and examination of teachers' theories of assessment by both preservice and inservice teachers. PMID:1574661

Veal, M L

1992-03-01

67

Cooperative Learning in Science: Intervention in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of cooperative learning in secondary school is reported--an area of considerable concern given attempts to make secondary schools more interactive and gain higher recruitment to university science courses. In this study the intervention group was 259 pupils aged 12-14 years in nine secondary schools, taught by 12 self-selected teachers.…

Topping, K. J.; Thurston, A.; Tolmie, A.; Christie, D.; Murray, P.; Karagiannidou, E.

2011-01-01

68

Pupils' Perceptions of and Experiences in Team Invasion Games: A Case Study of a Scottish Secondary School and Its Three Feeder Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been claimed that young children in schools in Scotland cannot relate to the activities that are taught in the more "traditional" PE curriculum, activities that predominately include team invasion games (TIG) such as basketball, soccer and hockey (Scottish Executive, 2004). However, one of the issues with this claim is that it does not…

Gray, Shirley; Sproule, John; Wang, C. K. John

2008-01-01

69

Faith Schools and Pupils' Progress through Primary Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The impact of faith schools on the performance and progress of their pupils has been studied using data from the National Pupil Database (NPD). The value-added analysis was carried out using multilevel modelling, controlling for prior attainment as well as a range of background variables, including ethnicity, sex, eligibility for free school meals…

Yeshanew, Tilaye; Schagen, Ian; Evans, Suzanne

2008-01-01

70

Literacy Acceleration and the Key Stage 3 English Strategy - Comparing Two Approaches for Secondary-Age Pupils with Literacy Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Literacy for pupils in the secondary phase of education is a key concern for practitioners and policy makers alike. Tony Lingard is the SENCo at a large comprehensive school in the south-west of England but he is also involved in staff development and school improvement initiatives across the UK. Literacy Acceleration is an intervention strategy…

Lingard, Tony

2005-01-01

71

An Examination of the Effects of a Short Course Aimed at Enabling Teachers in Infant, Junior and Secondary Schools to Alter the Verbal Feedback Given to Their Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nineteen teachers took part in a brief, one session, in-service course in which they were trained in behavioural techniques with the main aim of helping them increase their rates of approval contingent upon required behaviours from their pupils and to decrease their rates of disapproval. Subsidiary aims were that the teachers would be enabled to…

Swinson, Jeremy; Harrop, Alex

2005-01-01

72

Class-Size Effects in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyze class-size effects on academic achievement in secondary school in Denmark exploiting an institutional setting where pupils cannot predict class size prior to enrollment, and where post-enrollment responses aimed at affecting realized class size are unlikely. We identify class-size effects combining a regression discontinuity design with…

Krassel, Karl Fritjof; Heinesen, Eskil

2014-01-01

73

Feedback in Educational Communication in Czech Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces an empirical study that examines how teachers evaluate pupils' responses. The study draws on research undertaken at four secondary schools in the Czech Republic. It transpires that feedback has a stable position in the structure of communication; however, it is used only to verify pupils' responses and not to elaborate them.…

Sedova, Klara; Svaricek, Roman

2012-01-01

74

"Over to You": Group Work to Help Pupils Avoid School Exclusion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the support of secondary pupils at risk of school exclusion through a course of group work designed to promote individual responsibility for behaviour. Following self-reflection the young people are encouraged to write their own behavioural targets and consider their progress in working towards them throughout the six-session…

Burton, Sheila

2006-01-01

75

Factors associated with pupil toilet use in kenyan primary schools.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils' use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils' use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils' use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V; Caruso, Bethany A; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D; Kramer, Michael R; Brumback, Babette A; Rheingans, Richard D; Freeman, Matthew C

2014-09-01

76

Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

Garn, Joshua V.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D.; Kramer, Michael R.; Brumback, Babette A.; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

2014-01-01

77

Pupil  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In this activity, learners explore their eye pupils and how they change. Learners use a magnifying glass, mirror, and flashlight to observe how their pupil changes size in response to changes in lighting. Learners also experiment to determine how light shining in one eye affects the size of the pupil in their other eye. This resource guide includes background information about pupils and why they change as well as information related to emotional stimuli, involuntary reflexes, and photography.

Exploratorium, The

2012-06-26

78

New technologies, new differences. Gender and ethnic differences in pupils' use of ICT in primary and secondary education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on participation, ICT skills and learning results, ICT attitudes and

Monique Volman; Edith Van Eck; I. M. C. C. Heemskerk; Els Kuiper

2005-01-01

79

Motivation and Attribution at Secondary School: the role of gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 1068 secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire concerned with enjoyment of school, enjoyment of subjects and what they attributed academic success to. Gender differences were shown in the overall enjoyment of school (girls expressing greater enjoyment). Girls also reported liking friends, teachers, outings and lessons more than boys, while boys reported liking sports and school clubs more.

Pauline Lightbody; Gerda Siann; Ruth Stocks; David Walsh

1996-01-01

80

Ethnic School Segregation and Self-Esteem: The Role of Teacher-Pupil Relationships  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants…

Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet

2012-01-01

81

Civil Liability of Schools, Teachers and Pupils for Careless Behaviour.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Identifies elements that (British) courts consider in school or teacher negligence cases. Reviews significant case law establishing liability of schools and teachers for harm sustained by pupils and children's personal liability for careless acts leading to personal harm. Discusses implications of a recent child negligence case. (Contains 14…

Wenham, David

1999-01-01

82

The Antlion Project with School Pupils in Zomba, Malawi  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an account of a practical outdoor science project using the larvae of antlions with year 5 and 6 (age 10-11) pupils from Sir Harry Johnston International Primary School in Zomba, Malawi. Aim: To conduct a science project outdoors using scientific enquiry and knowledge in a typical African school environment and to see whether…

Young, Simon

2013-01-01

83

Finnish pupils' perceptions of health education as a school subject.  

PubMed

Only a few countries have introduced health education (HE) as a stand-alone school subject. In Finland every pupil in basic education grades 7-9 takes three obligatory courses in HE. This study investigated Finnish pupils' perceptions of the teaching and learning of HE. It also explored how school- and family-related background variables are associated with these perceptions. Nationally representative data were obtained from a 2010 school-based study on Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC). A total of 4262 pupils from 7th and 9th grades (13 and 15 years old) responded anonymously to the questionnaire. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify the associations between perceptions of HE and school- and family-related background variables. The majority of the pupils had positive perceptions of HE. In terms of their own learning, girls' perceptions were more positive than boys': 86% of 13- and 15-year-old girls agreed that HE classes had taught them to think about the advantages and disadvantages of various health behaviours, whereas only 79% of boys shared this opinion. School engagement had the strongest association with perceptions of HE: the more positive the attitudes towards school, the more positive were the perceptions of HE. Older girls perceived their learning and their participation in class discussions more positively than younger ones, and older boys were more critical of the teaching than younger ones. The pupils' educational aspirations were not associated with their perceptions of HE, and perceived family affluence was associated only with girls' perceptions of participation in HE classes. The pupils' feedback on HE was positive and encouraging. There is a demand for the subject in society, and HE seems to have the potential to augment young people's positive attitudes towards health issues, and to enhance their health literacy. PMID:24609436

Aira, Tuula; Välimaa, Raili; Paakkari, Leena; Villberg, Jari; Kannas, Lasse

2014-09-01

84

School Bus and School Pupil Activity Bus Inspection and Maintenance Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication deals with suggested maintenance standards that apply to vehicles used for pupil transportation in California and covers all the safety-related systems that are common to most buses. The guide has been prepared to help all school bus and school pupil activity bus operators set up an inspection and preventive maintenance program…

Sowash, Fred W.

85

Teachers and Secondary School Bullying: A Postmodern Discourse Analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses a set of accounts from within a postmodern discursive framework. Interviews were conducted with secondary school teachers and were semi-structured, focusing on school bullying. The aim of analysis was to tackle the problem of bullying at a discursive level. This marks a shift away from seeing bullying as something situated within the interpersonal relations of pupils, or

Alexa Hepburn

1997-01-01

86

Shaping adolescent attitude towards the church: Comparison between Church of England and county secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Five hundred and forty?six year 10 pupils attending the four county and one Church of England voluntary secondary schools serving the area around the same town completed a detailed questionnaire concerning their religious beliefs, practices and attitudes, together with some information regarding parental religiosity. The data demonstrate that the Church of England school recruits a higher proportion of pupils from

Leslie J. Francis; Alan Jewell

1992-01-01

87

Moving to Secondary School: On the Role of Affective Expectations in a Tracking School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transition to secondary school implies basic changes in social, instructional and organisational aspects of school life which afford the pupils' adjustment. As transition takes place at a predictable point in time, children develop expectations about the start at their new school. In order to analyse predictors and consequences of these…

van Ophuysen, Stefanie

2009-01-01

88

School differences in pupil smoking: a consequence of a trade-off between health and education agendas?  

PubMed

Current policy documents stress that raising standards in education and health are inextricably linked, with schools identified as well placed to advance both agendas. This paper considers these assumptions in the light of data derived from 27 staff interviews conducted in two secondary schools. These schools served relatively disadvantaged communities, but differed in their pupil smoking rates with one school being 'high-smoking', the other 'low-smoking'. It explores whether this difference reflects the differential emphasis placed by each school on education or health. Analysis reveals that the 'low-smoking' school subscribes to holistic values and operates according to a child-centred bottom-up philosophy offering a differentiated programme of pupil support contingent on needs. In contrast, the 'high-smoking' school maintains a narrow focus on educational outcomes, and its high expectations are viewed as running counter to those held by pupils and parents. The contrasting school philosophies bring different unintended consequences. The holistic focus of the low-smoking school is associated with tempered educational expectations, thus conflicting with recommendations in education policies. The singular education focus of the high-smoking school leaves little room for a health agenda, and can overlook and disenfranchise the educationally disinclined. The school systems' impact on pupil engagement may explain their different smoking rates. PMID:14572018

Gordon, J; Turner, K M

2003-10-01

89

Effectiveness of a Computer-Mediated Simulations Program in School Biology on Pupils' Learning Outcomes in Cell Theory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Biology knowledge and understanding is important not only for the conversion of the loftiest dreams into reality for a better life of individuals but also for preparing secondary pupils for such fields as agriculture, medicine, biotechnology, and genetic engineering. But a recent study has revealed that many aspects of school science (biology…

Kiboss, Joel K.; Ndirangu, Mwangi; Wekesa, Eric W.

2004-01-01

90

Aspirations and Assumptions: A Researcher's Account of Pupil Involvement in School-Based Research  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes a research project conducted in collaboration with 10 "pupil co-researchers" (PCRs) and their classes in a secondary school in the Netherlands. The main research tools employed were online and face-to-face group discussions, in which PCRs contributed as consultants, co-designers and assistants. The research proved a…

Mearns, Tessa L.; Coyle, Do; de Graaff, Rick

2014-01-01

91

Attitudes toward school of high school pupils from three income levels  

Microsoft Academic Search

When 878 pupils from nine Indiana high schools were divided into three income groups, it was found that they responded similarly to attitudinal items on school, school personnel, school program, and the value of an education. The responses varied significantly with income level, however, on items related to interpersonal relationships. The items on which differences were observed pertained to social

John K. Coster

1958-01-01

92

The reading interests of high school pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

165 boys and 275 girls of high school were given a list containing names of 110 authors and 79 of their books, listed by title. The Ss were required to indicate for each book, the time needed for reading it, degree of liking and reasons for liking or disliking the books. Results indicated that (a) light fiction formed the largest

J. Carleton Bell; Itasca B. Sweet

1916-01-01

93

Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

2013-01-01

94

How Do School Systems Manage Pupils' Heterogeneity?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School systems worldwide respond in particular ways to students' academic heterogeneity, and different countries have developed different strategies to manage such heterogeneity. Whereas some countries separate children according to distinctive educational routes (or tracks) at early ages, others rely on intensive use of grade retention, while…

Dupriez, Vincent; Dumay, Xavier; Vause, Anne

2008-01-01

95

Autistic Spectrum and Inclusion: Including Pupils with Autistic Spectrum Disorders in Mainstream Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The number of pupils with autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) being educated in mainstream schools is increasing. However, there is growing concern about their educational experiences. Research suggests that such pupils make easy targets for bullies, and are considered difficult to teach by teachers. Furthermore, pupils with ASD are more than 20…

Humphrey, Neil

2008-01-01

96

Learning the Routines: "Professionalization" of Newcomers in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on how new students become positioned and position themselves as "professional pupils," or students who can conduct themselves competently without making mistakes or getting into conflict. Based on an ethnographic study of two secondary schools in Helsinki, Finland in 1994-95. (CMK)

Gordon, Tuula; Lahelma, Elina; Hynninen, Pirkko; Metso, Tuija; Palmu, Tarja; Tolonen, Tarja

1999-01-01

97

Appraising Composing in Secondary-School Music Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this paper is to define music appraisal and to explore the role that talk plays in the process of helping pupils in secondary school music lessons to develop their appraisal skills. This paper offers a definition of appraisal, and traces its developing role in the National Curriculum in England since the early 1990s. The role of…

Major, Angela E.

2008-01-01

98

THE LEARNING OF NIGERIAN SECONDARY SCHOOL CHILDREN FROM PROGRAMMED MATERIAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

A general science program and a criterion test were written in Northern Nigeria. Accompanying questionnaires to investigate attitude and socio?economic background were designed and four ability tests were selected. The program, tests and questionnaires were administered to 81 first?form pupils of a secondary school over a period of eight weeks. From the five test scores a correlation matrix was produced.

John Bun yard

1971-01-01

99

Bullying in 25 secondary schools: incidence, impact and intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This paper outlines an investigation of the incidence and impact of physical, verbal and property-violation bullying in 25 secondary schools within a partner- ship operating with Keele University. The investigation also considers the impact of antisocial behaviour on pupils and the effectiveness of intervention to secure improved behaviour patterns. Evidence shows that in any year 75 per cent of

Derek Glover; Gerry Gough; Michael Johnson

2000-01-01

100

School Effects on Pupils' Health Behaviours: Evidence in Support of the Health Promoting School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compared with the volume of research on school effects on educational outcomes, and in spite of growing interest in the health promoting school, there are very few studies that have investigated the way schools influence pupils' health behaviours. This paper reports the results of a longitudinal study of over 2000 young people in the West of…

West, P.; Sweeting, H.; Leyland, A.

2004-01-01

101

Inequalities in Croatian pupils' risk behaviors associated to socioeconomic environment at school and area level: a multilevel approach.  

PubMed

The socioeconomic inequality in pupils' risk behaviors has been the topic of many studies with quite contradictory findings. Furthermore, the role of socioeconomic environment has been analyzed much less often than the role of individual socioeconomic status (SES). This study examined the association between school/area-level socioeconomic environment and Croatian pupils' risk behaviors (tobacco use, drunkenness, cannabis use, early sexual initiation and fighting). Data from the WHO-Collaborative 'Health Behavior in School-aged Children' study conducted in Croatia in 2006 (1601 secondary schools' pupils, aged 15) and census data were used. Multilevel logistic regression analyses, adjusted by gender, were performed. The individual level of SES explained the majority of differences in all risk behaviors among adolescents. Differences in tobacco use, early sexual initiation and fighting were more closely attributed to school level than area level, which was more closely associated with differences in adolescent drunkenness and cannabis use. At the individual level, high individual SES was associated with higher probability for tobacco use and drunkenness compared to low individual SES. Furthermore, school heterogeneity (compared to school homogeneity) and medium school-level SES (compared to low school-level SES) were associated with higher probability for cannabis use. Compared to the most advanced schools (gymnasiums), attending the least advanced schools (industrial and crafts schools) was associated with higher probability for fighting. Compared to low area-level SES, medium area-level SES was associated with higher probability for cannabis use and fighting. Conclusively, it was found that low SES at individual, school and area levels, school homogeneity and advanced school attendance play a protective role against risk behaviors. To reduce inequalities in pupils' risk behaviors, there is a need for community and school-based programs that take into consideration not only individual SES but also school- and area-level socioeconomic circumstances. PMID:24331894

Pavic Simetin, Ivana; Kern, Josipa; Kuzman, Marina; Pförtner, Timo-Kolja

2013-12-01

102

Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary

Howard, A. E.

2008-01-01

103

A Comparative Study of Pupil Attitudes toward New and Old School Buildings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Student attitudes toward the physical environment of a school opened in 1980 are compared to student attitudes toward two older schools: one constructed in 1923, the other in 1936. The control group consisted of all the 119 pupils in grades 2, 3, and 4 in the 1936-era school. The experimental group consisted of all the 96 pupils in grades 2, 3,…

Chan, Tak Cheung

104

Primary Pupils' Use of Information and Communication Technologies at School and Home  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Based on survey data from 612 pupils in five English primary schools, this paper investigates children's engagement with information and communication technologies (ICTs) inside and outside the school context. Analysis of the data shows pupils' engagements with ICTs to be often perfunctory and unspectacular, especially within the school setting,…

Selwyn, Neil; Potter, John; Cranmer, Sue

2009-01-01

105

Kicking the habitus: power, culture and pedagogy in the secondary school music curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

Within a theoretical framework drawn from sociologists of education Bourdieu and Bernstein, this paper will examine some of the findings of an ethnographic case study conducted with a secondary school music teacher and one class of her pupils in Wales. This teacher attracted 25% of Year 10 (14-year-old) pupils to study music as an optional subject against a national background

Ruth Wright

2008-01-01

106

34 CFR 300.36 - Secondary school.  

...Definitions Used in This Part § 300.36 Secondary school. Secondary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school that provides secondary education, as determined under State...

2014-07-01

107

High School Class for Gifted Pupils in Physics and Sciences and Pupils` Skills Measured by Standard and Pisa Test  

E-print Network

The ``High school class for students with special abilities in physics`` was founded in Nis, Serbia in 2003. The basic aim of this project has been introducing a broadened curriculum of physics, mathematics, computer science, as well as chemistry and biology. We present analysis of the pupils` skills in solving rather problem oriented test, as PISA test, and compare their results with the results of pupils who study under standard curricula. Analysis of achievement data should clarify what are benefits of introducing in school system track for gifted students. Additionally, item analysis helps in understanding and improvement of learning strategies efficacy.

Djordjevic, G S

2009-01-01

108

Pupil mobility, attainment and progress in primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents an analysis of the association between pupil mobility and educational attainment in the 2002 national end of Key Stage 2 (KS2) tests for 11?year?old pupils in an inner London education authority. The results show that pupil mobility is strongly associated with low attainment in the end of key stage tests. However, the negative association with pupil mobility

Steve Strand; Feyisa Demie

2006-01-01

109

Body piercing and tattoo: awareness of health related risks among 4,277 Italian secondary school adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The awareness of health risks associated with body art among secondary school pupils has never previously been studied in depth. A large sample of secondary school adolescents from the Veneto Region (North East Italy) were investigated in order to inform health education programs. METHODS: 6 public secondary schools from each of the 7 Provinces of the Veneto Region were

Luca Cegolon; Enrico Miatto; Melania Bortolotto; Mirca Benetton; Francesco Mazzoleni; Giuseppe Mastrangelo

2010-01-01

110

Musical exploration using ICT in the middle and secondary school classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, I explore musical creativity through Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This article aims to show that secondary school pupils can compose freely using ICT in the classroom, easing and `democratizing' the creative process, enabling a high standard for all, regardless of formal musical training. The fieldwork project was conducted across one secondary school (Years 9—13, ages 14—18)

Christopher J. Ward

2009-01-01

111

"What about Us?" Gypsies, Travellers and "White Racism" in Secondary Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the concept of "White racism" in relation to the experiences of Gypsy and Traveller groups in England. It is based on ethnographic research conducted in two secondary schools during the years 2006-2009. Interviews were carried out with pupils attending the secondary schools, their mothers and members of the Traveller…

Bhopal, Kalwant

2011-01-01

112

Social Position of Special Needs Pupils in the Classroom: A Comparison between German Special Schools for Pupils with Learning Difficulties and Integrated Primary School Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rejection of pupils with behaviour problems is a serious problem for inclusive education schools. Sometimes parents prefer special schools because they do not want their children to become outsiders in integration classes. Are they right? The study presented here surveys children with behaviour problems in integrated primary school classes and…

Mand, Johannes

2007-01-01

113

The effectiveness of peer support systems in challenging school bullying: the perspectives and experiences of teachers and pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

This large-scale questionnaire survey (n=2313) has sought teachers' and pupils' perceptions and experiences of peer support systems in challenging bullying in U.K. (mainly English) secondary schools and colleges (n=51). In general, these systems have been found to be effective in reducing the negative effects of bullying for victims. Collectively, the respondents also perceive many important benefits to users of these

PAUL NAYLOR; HELEN COWIE

1999-01-01

114

OUT-OF-SCHOOL CLINICAL AND GUIDANCE CENTERS FOR DISADVANTAGED PUPILS IN NON-PUBLIC SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EVALUATION WAS MADE OF A PROGRAM WHICH PROVIDED PROFESSIONAL CLINICAL AND GUIDANCE SERVICES TO DISADVANTAGED NONPUBLIC SCHOOL PUPILS TO DEVELOP THEIR EDUCATIONAL MOTIVATION, PERSONAL ADJUSTMENT, DEVELOPMENT OF SELF-WORTH, AND "WHOLESOME MENTAL HEALTH." CLINICAL CENTERS WERE OPENED TO PROVIDE A RANGE OF PROFESSIONAL SERVICES, AND A…

SEBALD, DOROTHY D.

115

The Last Place to Look: The Place of Pupil Councils within Citizen Participation in Scottish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article critically examines pupil councils as a means of developing pupils' citizenship participation. It draws on findings across two research projects. The first study is a mixed method study commissioned by Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS) that reviews the range of participatory activities in Scottish schools and their…

Cross, Beth; Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen

2014-01-01

116

"Closer to the Ground": Pupil "Voice" and the Development of Knowledge about Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most pupils, if asked, might be expected to have a view about their school and increasingly the value and significance of including pupils' perspectives in matters and decisions which affect them and their lives appears to be gaining recognition. The rationale for, and importance of, including the views and perceptions of those we have described…

Wood, Margaret

2011-01-01

117

"Not a university type": focus group study of social class, ethnic, and sex differences in school pupils' perceptions about medical school  

PubMed Central

Objective To investigate what going to medical school means to academically able 14-16 year olds from different ethnic and socioeconomic backgrounds in order to understand the wide socioeconomic variation in applications to medical school. Design Focus group study. Setting Six London secondary schools. Participants 68 academically able and scientifically oriented pupils aged 14-16 years from a wide range of social and ethnic backgrounds. Main outcome measures Pupils' perceptions of medical school, motivation to apply, confidence in ability to stay the course, expectations of medicine as a career, and perceived sources of information and support. Results There were few differences by sex or ethnicity, but striking differences by socioeconomic status. Pupils from lower socioeconomic groups held stereotyped and superficial perceptions of doctors, saw medical school as culturally alien and geared towards “posh” students, and greatly underestimated their own chances of gaining a place and staying the course. They saw medicine as having extrinsic rewards (money) but requiring prohibitive personal sacrifices. Pupils from affluent backgrounds saw medicine as one of a menu of challenging career options with intrinsic rewards (fulfilment, achievement). All pupils had concerns about the costs of study, but only those from poor backgrounds saw costs as constraining their choices. Conclusions Underachievement by able pupils from poor backgrounds may be more to do with identity, motivation, and the cultural framing of career choices than with low levels of factual knowledge. Policies to widen participation in medical education must go beyond a knowledge deficit model and address the complex social and cultural environment within which individual life choices are embedded. PMID:15217871

Greenhalgh, Trisha; Seyan, Kieran; Boynton, Petra

2004-01-01

118

[Physically handicapped pupils at a regular school - experiences of the school experiment "Lichtenau" (author's transl)].  

PubMed

As an experiment in integration, the joint placement of physically handicapped and non-disabled pupils into the regular class settings of a school belonging to the Hessisch-Lichtenau experiment makes special social and educational measures necessary both at school and in the residential home. The main activities have to be directed towards scientific studies of existing problems and their practical solutions. The following article describes the problems arising from the integrational efforts and suggests possible solutions. PMID:153569

Jung, M; Steinke, T

1978-11-01

119

Prevalence, attitudes and knowledge of high school pupils towards drugs and other addictions: implications for school health education in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

One hundred and fifteen high school pupils from Holon (a city in the center of Israel) participated in a study about the prevalence, knowledge and attitudes of these pupils towards drugs and other addictions (cigarettes and alcohol). Their mean age was 16.13 (±1.59) years; 43.9% were boys and 56.1% were girls. A total of 1.6% of the pupils regularly used

U Brook; R Feigin; M Sherer; D Geva

2001-01-01

120

School Finance Reform: A Weighted Pupil Formula for California. Report 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Governor Jerry Brown has called for a major overhaul of California's school finance policies. His proposal for a weighted pupil funding system would simplify the rules that govern the distribution of funds to schools and school districts, while targeting a larger share of available resources to the schools and students with the greatest needs. In…

Perry, Mary

2012-01-01

121

The negotiation of sexual relationships among school pupils in south-western Uganda  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the study was to explore how school-going adolescents in south-western Uganda negotiate sexual relationships. Qualitative data were obtained from 15 boys and 15 girls (14-18 years old), during a series of role plays, focus group discussions and one-to-one interviews. A questionnaire was administered to 80 pupils (12-20 years old) from the same school. Most of the pupils

S. Nyanzi; R. Pool; J. Kinsman

2001-01-01

122

Teachers' Conceptualization of Pupil Control in Elementary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a framework of techniques teachers used to manage elementary physical education students and foster pupil self-control. Audiotapes and interviews resulted in development of the Physical Education Pupil Control Inventory. Facilitating self-control involved selecting tutorial control techniques, using indirect technique forms, and…

Henkel, Steven A.

1991-01-01

123

Musculoskeletal pain and school bag use: a cross-sectional study among Ugandan pupils  

PubMed Central

Background Though seen as a convenient method of carrying books and other scholastic materials including food items, schoolbags are believed to contribute to back and other musculoskeletal problems in school going children. This study set out to determine the prevalence of low back and other musculoskeletal pains and describe their relationship with schoolbag use in pupils. Results This was a cross-sectional descriptive study involving 532 pupils from six primary schools with a mean age of 13.6 years. Analyses included the chi- square test, independent t tests, regression analysis and test for trend across ordered groups. Backpacks were the most common type of schoolbag and younger children carried disproportionately heavier bags. Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils, About 30.8% of the pupils carried schoolbags which were more than 10% of their body weight. About 88.2% of pupils reported having body pain especially in the neck, shoulders and upper back. About 35.4% of the children reported that carrying the schoolbag was the cause of their musculoskeletal pain. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. There was significant association between low back pain and; method of bag carriage (p?school (p?=?0.02). Only 19% had lockers at school. Conclusion Urban pupils were younger, carried significantly heavier bags, and less likely to complain about schoolbag weight than the rural pupils. The majority of pupils complained of musculoskeletal pain of which 35.4% was attributed to the schoolbags. The prevalence of lower back pain was 37.8%. Schools need to provide lockers and functional libraries in order to avoid excessive loading and repetitive strain injuries. PMID:24713177

2014-01-01

124

Learning Mathematics--Letting the Pupils Have Their Say  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pupil voice is an emerging force for change and improvement in many UK schools, but what is not fully understood is how best to access pupil voice within the specific context of secondary mathematics departments. This paper presents a research project designed to use pupils as co-researchers in increasing knowledge about how to improve learning in…

Lee, Clare; Johnston-Wilder, Sue

2013-01-01

125

The Avon prevalence study: a survey of cigarette smoking in secondary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

AS PART of a project to design educational materials for use in secondary schools, 10,500 11-16 year olds in Bristol schools were asked about their smoking beliefs, attitudes and behaviour. One per cent of 11 year olds smoked regularly (more than six cigarettes a week), compared with 27 per cent of 16 year olds. Pupils significantly overestimated the number of

Susan C. Nelson; Richard J. Budd; J. Richard Eiser; Michelle Morgan; Philip Gammage; Elspeth Gray

1985-01-01

126

A survey of the nature and extent of bullying in junior\\/middle and secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a survey service developed to assess bullying in schools, anonymous questionnaires were given to over 6,000 pupils in 17 junior\\/middle and seven secondary schools in the Sheffield LEA. The results are analysed in terms of frequencies of being bullied, and bullying others; year differences; gender differences; types of bullying; where bullying occurs; whether teachers and parents are

Irene Whitney; Peter K. Smith

1993-01-01

127

Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education in Catholic Secondary Schools: Stakeholders' Views  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During 1999-2000, the writer carried out a survey of six randomly selected Catholic secondary schools in England to examine the attitudes of stakeholder groups towards Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education. Questionnaires were completed by six governors, 12 parents, 139 pupils, 12 teachers and six school leaders, providing insight…

Fincham, David

2007-01-01

128

Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education in Catholic Secondary Schools: Stakeholders' Views  

Microsoft Academic Search

During 1999–2000, the writer carried out a survey of six randomly selected Catholic secondary schools in England to examine the attitudes of stakeholder groups towards Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education. Questionnaires were completed by six governors, 12 parents, 139 pupils, 12 teachers and six school leaders, providing insight into perceptions of the purposes of selected components of Citizenship

David Fincham

2007-01-01

129

Science Guide for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This six-chapter guide is designed to help Georgia teachers adopt or adapt various options into the local school's science curriculum. Major areas addressed in the chapters are: (1) secondary school curriculum development (focusing on performance objectives, sequencing the curriculum, evaluation, and scientific literacy); (2) teaching methods…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

130

Implications for Secondary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school system is a green pasture for inexhaustible investigations for the purpose of enhancing academic achievement. The reason is that factors and variables within the confines of educational activities appear also to be inexhaustible. One such factor that attracted an investigation is "administrative stress" as it affects secondary school

Okoroma, N. S.; Robert-Okah, I.

2007-01-01

131

The Impact of Drama on Pupils' Language, Mathematics, and Attitude in Two Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on research which examined the impact of The National Theatre's Transformation drama project on young pupils' reading, mathematics, attitude, self-concept and creative writing in primary schools. Two of the schools taking part in Transformation were matched to two Control schools in the first two years of the project.…

Fleming, Mike; Merrell, Christine; Tymms, Peter

2004-01-01

132

Drawing digital pictures: an investigation of primary pupils’ representations of ICT and schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relatively restricted nature of children’s use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) inside the school setting has long been noted by researchers. With this in mind, this article offers a grounded analysis of drawings collected from 355 primary pupils (years three to six) from five English primary schools depicting desired future forms of school ICT provision. The article contends

Neil Selwyn; Daniela Boraschi; Suay Melisa Özkula

2009-01-01

133

Responding to the Death of a Pupil -- Reflections on One School's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article written by Peter Lloyd Bennett, educational psychologist, and Carole Dyehouse, headteacher, provides a personal account of how one primary school responded to the death of a pupil. The authors describe the process by which bereavement within the school community became a valued learning opportunity within the school curriculum.…

Bennett, Peter Lloyd; Dyehouse, Carole

2005-01-01

134

High School Pupils' Understanding of Peer Counselling and Willingness to Use it for Different Types of Bullying  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Bullying affects a substantial proportion of school pupils, and peer counselling services have been established to help tackle this problem. The present study aimed to further the understanding of why affected pupils do or do not choose to utilise this form of social support. Pupils ("N" = 99, aged 12-16 years) from the UK were asked…

Boulton, Michael John

2014-01-01

135

The Leading Group Effect: Illusionary Declines in Scholastic Standard Scores of Mid-Range Japanese Junior High School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Longitudinal change in the average Z scores for four groups of pupils sorted by quartiles was examined for its stability over three years. The data, collected from 1998 to 2009, was obtained from nine cohorts of Japanese junior high school pupils totaling 1,962 subjects. It showed illusionary declines among the mid-range pupils but improvements…

Mori, Kazuo; Uchida, Akitoshi

2012-01-01

136

The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania  

PubMed Central

Background/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before the implementation of an innovative sexual health intervention in 58 of the schools. Methods: A cross sectional survey of primary school pupils in rural Tanzania was carried out. The study population comprised pupils registered in years 4 to 6 of 121 primary schools in 20 rural communities in 1998. Basic demographic information was collected from all pupils seen. Those born before 1 January 1985 (aged approximately 14 years and over) were invited to participate in the survey, and asked about their knowledge and attitudes towards sexual health issues, and their sexual experience. A urine specimen was requested and tested for HIV, Chlamydia trachomatis (CT), Neisseria gonorrhoeae (NG) and, for females, pregnancy. Results: 9283 pupils born before 1 January 1985 were enrolled and provided demographic information and a urine sample. Male pupils were significantly older than females (mean age 15.5 years v 14.8 years, p<0.001), but all other demographic characteristics were similar between the sexes. 14 (0.2%) of the enrolled pupils (four male and 10 female) were HIV positive, 83 (0.9%) were positive for CT, and 12 (0.1%) for NG. 32 female pupils (0.8%) were positive by pregnancy test. Sexual experience was reported by one fifth of primary school girls, and by almost half of boys. Only 45/114 (39%) girls with biological markers of sexual activity reported having had sex. Conclusions: HIV, CT, NG, and pregnancy were present though at relatively low levels among pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary school. A high proportion of pupils with a biological marker of sexual activity denied ever having had sex. Alternative ways of collecting sensitive data about the sexual behaviour of school pupils should be explored. PMID:14755033

Todd, J; Changalucha, J; Ross, D; Mosha, F; Obasi, A; Plummer, M; Balira, R; Grosskurth, H; Mabey, D; Hayes, R

2004-01-01

137

Secondary School Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents five complete lesson plans for activities that teach high school students about search and seizure, due process, freedom of assembly, right to counsel, and other individual liberties, through the use of case study techniques, a jury simulation, the analysis of historical material, and discussions. (JDH)

O'Brien, Joseph; And Others

1986-01-01

138

Struggling for recognition and inclusion—parents' and pupils' experiences of special support measures in school  

PubMed Central

During the last decade an increasing use of differentiated support measures for pupils with special educational needs, indicative of a discrepancy between educational policies and practices, has been witnessed in Sweden. Another trend has been the increased use of medical diagnoses in school. The aim of this study was to explore the main concern of support given to pupils with special educational needs and how pupils and parents experience and handle this. Interviews were conducted with eight pupils in Grades 7–9—and their parents—at two compulsory schools in a city in northern Sweden. A grounded theory approach was used for analyzing the interview data. A conceptual model was generated illuminating the main concern of special support measures for pupils and parents. The core category of the model, struggling for recognition and inclusion, was related to two categories, which further described how this process was experienced and handled by the participants. These categories were labeled negotiating expertise knowledge within a fragmented support structure and coping with stigma, ambivalence, and special support measures. The developed conceptual model provides a deeper understanding of an ongoing process of struggle for recognition and inclusion in school as described by the pupils and parents. PMID:20640030

Isaksson, Joakim; Lindqvist, Rafael; Bergström, Erik

2010-01-01

139

Key Stage 3 Pupils' Perception of Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The key aim of the research summarised in this article was to examine pupils' perception of music and to determine whether or not these perceptions were the same for both female and male pupils. The empirical enquiry consisted of the administration of a questionnaire to six secondary schools in the north-east of England followed by semi-structured…

Button, Stuart

2006-01-01

140

Consolidation of Schools and Transportation of Pupils. Bulletin, 1923, No. 41  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rural school project of the continental United States consists in educating over 18 million young people between the ages of 5 and 20 who live in small towns and villages, or in the open country. The 300,000 or more schools classified as rural enrolled nearly 12.5 million pupils in 1920, employed 425,00 teachers, supervisors, and principals,…

Abel, J. F.

1923-01-01

141

School Camping Program. Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund, Fund Number 97-8: 1971-1972 Evaluation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund School Camping Program respresented local educational efforts for the sixth consecutive year to extend classroom learning experiences into the natural environment. The Project sponsored a five-day long resident school-oriented camping program which attempted to offer an integrated balance of typical learning…

Halasa, Ofelia; Fleming, Margaret

142

The Elimination of Pupils from School. Bulletin, 1907, No. 4. Whole Number 379  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The rapid dwindling of classes in the upper grades of U.S. grammar and high schools has been often noted, and many suggestions as to the improvement of the system of education have been emphasized by reference to this tendency. It is clear that after all that has been done, the attendance of pupils, particularly in the elementary schools, is still…

Thorndike, Edward L.

1908-01-01

143

Use of School Resource Centre-Based Computers in Leisure Time by Teenage Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Little research has investigated young people's use of school computers outside lessons, a deficiency that prompted the writing of this paper. The ICT-related behaviour of pupils within the Resource Centre of an English high school is scrutinized, with data collected through observation and online questionnaire. The computers, which were…

Shenton, Andrew K.

2008-01-01

144

Funding Formulas for California Schools III: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In his 2012-13 budget Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. By all accounts the current system is complex and opaque. In contrast, the proposed system--a weighted pupil funding formula--is simple and transparent. Using the PPIC School Finance Model, we compare how this formula would…

Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret

2012-01-01

145

Teacher Discourse on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Pupils in Scottish Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on a study which surveyed and interviewed teachers on their perceptions of the barriers and facilitators to the inclusion of lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) pupils in school. The outcomes indicated that there was a silencing of diverse sexualities in schools. In theory, teachers had adopted an individual liberal humanitarian…

McIntyre, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

146

Engaging Pupils in the Science, Engineering and Technology of a Low-Energy School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The UK Government's Building Schools for the Future programme has provided schools with a unique opportunity to improve education for sustainable development substantially by giving pupils the chance to study within a real-life context. This article documents an engagement project in which experts in low-energy building design are facilitating…

Charnley, Fiona; Fleming, Paul; Fleming, Margaret; Mill, Greig

2010-01-01

147

EFFECTIVE INTERACTION BETWEEN OLDER AND YOUNGER PUPILS IN AN ELEMENTARY SCHOOL "PEACE CORPS" PROJECT. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS REPORT IS AN EVALUATION OF A PROGRAM WHICH PAIRED STUDENTS FROM TWO "SLOW" SECOND-GRADE CLASSES IN A HARLEM ELEMENTARY SCHOOL WITH STUDENTS IN TWO HIGH ACHIEVEMENT FIFTH-GRADE CLASSES. THESE PUPILS LUNCHED TOGETHER WEEKLY AND PLAYED TOGETHER AFTERWARD. ONCE A WEEK THEY MET FOR DIRECTED CLASSROOM ACTIVITIES. ALSO THEY WENT ON SCHOOL TRIPS…

FOX, DAVID J.; SCHWARZ, PEGGY M.

148

Prevalence, attitudes and knowledge of high school pupils towards drugs and other addictions: implications for school health education in Israel.  

PubMed

One hundred and fifteen high school pupils from Holon (a city in the center of Israel) participated in a study about the prevalence, knowledge and attitudes of these pupils towards drugs and other addictions (cigarettes and alcohol). Their mean age was 16.13 (+/-1.59) years; 43.9% were boys and 56.1% were girls. A total of 1.6% of the pupils regularly used illicit drugs, and an additional 11.3% were offered drugs. A total of 24% of the pupils smoked regularly (at least during the past year), and 42% consumed alcoholic beverages regularly. Their knowledge concerning illicit drugs was found to be inadequate; they correctly answered only 50% of the total study questions. A more liberal attitude towards illicit drugs was found with increasing age. Pupils who consumed illicit drugs received a higher scoring for their knowledge concerning the characteristics of various illicit drugs, as well as to having a more liberal attitude. The self image of the pupils who had experience with illicit drugs was lower (in two separate tests) in comparison to their peers. As a result of our study, our recommendation is to include the subject of illicit drugs, their dangers and prevention of their use in the official school curriculum from elementary school and during all subsequent school years. PMID:11369153

Brook, U; Feigin, R; Sherer, M; Geva, D

2001-05-01

149

Athletic Trainers in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the role of athletic trainers in New York State secondary schools. Discusses the need for trainers to provide emergency medical care for sports injuries and to develop prevention programs. Reviews efforts to obtain certification for trainers from the New York State Education Department. (FMW)

Scott, Sandra E.

1989-01-01

150

Secondary School Music Teachers Talking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article sets out to investigate the realities of the working lives of a small group of secondary school music teachers. More specifically, it focuses upon their views of the National Curriculum, Music Teaching as a Career, the Intersections between institutional roles and personal musical lives, and the Highs and Lows of teaching music. The central dilemma is seen to

Gordon Cox

1999-01-01

151

Swedish Upper Secondary School English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the English vocabulary of English textbooks used in Swedish upper secondary schools to distinguish differences between the vocabulary of the textbooks and modern, everyday English as represented by newspapers, books and the colloquial language. Fifty-six books were included in the sample. In the selection process, account was made…

Ljung, Magnus

1989-01-01

152

Mechanics. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

153

Pupil participation in Scottish schools: How far have we come?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989), which applies to all children under the age of 18, established the overarching principles guiding pupil participation. In most European states, signatories to the Convention have enacted policies to promote the voice of the child or young person in decisions that affect them. In education systems strategies to

Moira Hulme; Stephen McKinney; Stuart Hall; Beth Cross

2011-01-01

154

Pupil Participation in Scottish Schools: How Far Have We Come?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989), which applies to all children under the age of 18, established the overarching principles guiding pupil participation. In most European states, signatories to the Convention have enacted policies to promote the voice of the child or young person in decisions that affect them. In…

Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen; Hall, Stuart; Cross, Beth

2011-01-01

155

The Impact of a Cooperative Learning Experience on Pupils' Popularity, Non-Cooperativeness, and Interethnic Bias in Multiethnic Elementary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we investigated popularity and perceived non-cooperativeness in multiethnic elementary schools. A sample of 94 pupils aged 10-12 years, from five multiethnic elementary schools, were divided into 26 teams and participated in a structured cooperative learning (SCL) curriculum of 11 lessons. Neither teachers nor pupils had prior SCL…

Oortwijn, Michiel Bastiaan; Boekaerts, Monique; Vedder, Paul; Fortuin, Janna

2008-01-01

156

Participation of Primary School Pupils Who Stay at Institution of Social Services and Child Protection Dormitories in Social Science Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aims to understand to what extent primary school pupils who stay at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories participate in social science lessons. Data were obtained from pupils staying at the Institution of Social Services and Child Protection dormitories and attending primary schools in Istanbul and…

Guven, Sibel; Sahin Taskin, Cigdem

2008-01-01

157

The Development and Factor Structure of a Career Locus of Control Scale for Use with School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the development and psychometric assessment of a multidimensional, domain-specific Career Locus of Control Scale (CLOC) designed for use with adolescent school pupils engaged in the career development and decision-making process. A 47-item version was administered to 743 school pupils, age 15 or 16 years evenly split between…

Millar, Rob; Shevlin, Mark

2007-01-01

158

Pupils' and Teachers' Perceptions of a Culminating Festival within a Sport Education Season in Irish Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: While there is considerable literature on Sport Education, little attention has been afforded to an investigation into the use of a specific festival as a culmination to a season. Aims: The purpose of this paper is to examine primary school pupils' and teachers' perceptions of an inter-school festival. Methods: Pupils from eight…

Kinchin, Gary D.; Macphail, Ann; Chroinin, Deirdre Ni

2009-01-01

159

What makes a good senior secondary school?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Identifies characteristics of good senior secondary schools when defined as those providing post-school options for students. The most successful schools were found to be the larger independent girls’ schools with predominantly transformational leadership practices that promoted positive teacher perceptions of school organisation and of students’ learning, attitudes, and school involvement. Path analysis was used to test a model of school

Halia C. Silins; Rosalind Murray-Harvey

1999-01-01

160

Survival and Success at Secondary School Stage: Looking beyond the Explanation of Socio-Cultural Deprivation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A wide spectrum of research literature pointed out socio-cultural deprivation as the dominant explanation for student survival and success in schools. This paper, contending socio-cultural deprivation as inadequate explanation for dropout and detention at secondary level, probed into the role of pupils' foundation knowledge in their survival…

Sarangi, Dibakar; Panda, Smita Rani

2013-01-01

161

Investigation of Secondary School Students' Understanding of the Mole Concept in Italy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses: (1) how mole concept is defined/used in textbooks; (2) development and administration of a multiple-choice test to secondary school pupils (N=783) in Bologna and the surrounding district; and (3) results of the diagnostic examination, focusing on student mistakes and misconceptions. (Author/JN)

Cervellati, R.; And Others

1982-01-01

162

Student Transition from Primary to Lower Secondary School in Cambodia: Narrative Insights into Complex Systems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article has three purposes. First, it presents findings from a study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia, as pupils transition from primary to lower secondary school. Second, it aims to understand from an in-depth, emic perspective the dynamics of this process and the challenges that individual families and their students face around…

Edwards, D. Brent, Jr.; Zimmermann, Thomas; Sitha, Chhinh; Williams, James H.; Kitamura, Yuto

2014-01-01

163

SCHOOL SIZE AND STUDENTS' MOTIVATION IN KWARA STATE SECONDARY SCHOOLS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to investigate the influence of school size on students' motivation in selected secondary schools in Kwara State. Two instruments were designed for the study. Namely: (a) Principals Assessment of influence of School Size on Students' Motivation. (b) Teachers Assessment of Influence of School Size on Student's Motivation Thirty Schools were chosen out of seventy eight Secondary schools

N. B. Oyedeji

164

Evaluation and Participation in Secondary Education: Designing and Validating a Self-Evaluation Instrument for Teachers to Solicit Feedback from Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the validation of a self-evaluation instrument for teachers in secondary education to solicit feedback from their pupils regarding specific aspects of the teacher's practice in class. This 92-item instrument--Teachers Learn from Pupils-Secondary Education (TLP-SE)--assesses 10 relevant classroom environment dimensions:…

Van Petegem, Peter; Deneire, Alexia; De Maeyer, Sven

2008-01-01

165

Teachers on Perceived Traits and Academic Achievements of Regular Pupils and Pupils with Special Needs in Mainstream Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When looking for answers to the question of academic (non)achievement of regular pupils and pupils with special needs, it is necessary to take into account the extraordinary complexity of factors, ranging from psychological across instructional to home environment variables. The academic achievement is not only a reflection of the pupil's…

Lesar, Irena; Cuk, Ivan; Pecek, Mojca

2014-01-01

166

Noise and Stress in Primary and Secondary School Children: Noise Reduction and Increased Concentration Ability through a Short but Regular Exercise and Relaxation Program  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study examined whether a short but regularly used program of relaxation, applied to Primary and Secondary school children, could (a) reduce noise levels (in decibels), (b) reduce pupils' experienced stress levels, and (c) increase the pupils' ability to concentrate, as measured by teachers' estimates. Noise levels in 5 classrooms (84…

Norlander, Torsten; Moas, Leif; Archer, Trevor

2005-01-01

167

"Why Does Wearing a Yellow Bib Make Us Different"?: A Case Study of Explaining Discrimination in a West of Scotland Secondary (High) School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on and discusses one Scottish secondary school's attempts to develop an understanding of discrimination and prejudice with S1 (Year 7 in England) pupils using a simulation based on a truncated version of Jane Elliott's "Blue Eyes/Brown Eyes" experiment of the 1960s. The research questions were: (1) Did the pupils learn anything…

Maitles, Henry; McKelvie, Erin

2010-01-01

168

Why Do Faith Secondary Schools Have Advantaged Intakes? The Relative Importance of Neighbourhood Characteristics, Social Background and Religious Identification amongst Parents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores reasons why secondary schools with a religious character have pupil intakes that are of a higher social background and ability than their secular counterparts. We show that this is especially true across all regions in England once the characteristics of the pupils living in the local neighbourhoods are taken into account. Data…

Allen, Rebecca; West, Anne

2011-01-01

169

Respiratory Health among Korean Pupils in Relation to Home, School and Outdoor Environment  

PubMed Central

There are few studies about school-environment in relation to pupils' respiratory health, and Korean school-environment has not been characterized. All pupils in 4th grade in 12 selected schools in three urban cities in Korea received a questionnaire (n = 2,453), 96% participated. Gaseous pollutants and ultrafine particles (UFPs) were measured indoors (n = 34) and outdoors (n = 12) during winter, 2004. Indoor dampness at home was investigated by the questionnaire. To evaluate associations between respiratory health and environment, multiple logistic- and multi-level regression models were applied adjusting for potential confounders. The mean age of pupils was 10 yr and 49% were boys. No school had mechanical ventilation and CO2-levels exceeded 1,000 ppm in all except one of the classrooms. The indoor mean concentrations of SO2, NO2, O3 and formaldehyde were 0.6 µg/m3, 19 µg/m3, 8 µg/m3 and 28 µg/m3, respectively. The average level of UFPs was 18,230 pt/cm3 in the classrooms and 16,480 pt/cm3 outdoors. There were positive associations between wheeze and outdoor NO2, and between current asthma and outdoor UFPs. With dampness at home, pupils had more wheeze. In conclusion, outdoor UFPs and even low levels of NO2 may adversely contribute to respiratory health in children. High CO2-levels in classrooms and indoor dampness/mold at home should be reduced. PMID:21286005

Elfman, Lena; Wieslander, Gunilla; Ferm, Martin; Toren, Kjell; Norback, Dan

2011-01-01

170

Project-Based Learning in Primary Schools: Effects on Pupils' Learning and Attitudes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focuses upon the effectiveness of project-based learning on primary school pupils regarding their content knowledge and attitudes towards self-efficacy, task value, group work, teaching methods applied and peers from diverse ethnic backgrounds. A cross-curricular project was implemented within the curriculum area of environmental…

Kaldi, Stavroula; Filippatou, Diamanto; Govaris, Christos

2011-01-01

171

Applying Solution-Focused Questions with Primary School Pupils: A Hong Kong Teacher's Reflections  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a reality of schools today that most teachers are overwhelmed by daily demands on their time and energy. In particular, they find it difficult to allocate enough extra time for purposes of counselling individual pupils with problems. Any arrangement that enables them to fulfil this counselling role quickly and effectively--and with positive…

Lam, Cici; Yuen, Mantak

2008-01-01

172

Designing for Pupils with Special Educational Needs: Special Schools. Building Bulletin 77.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The legal requirement that special needs students have access to a balanced and broadly based curriculum carries implications for accommodation in special schools. This document offers advice and guidance on the provision of accommodation which takes account of the special educational needs of the pupils, and also explains those factors relating…

Department for Education and Employment, London (England). Architects and Building Branch.

173

Weight, gravity and air pressure: Mental representations by Italian middle school pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reports an investigation concerned with schemes of commonsense knowledge connecting the three elements weight, air and gravity to the phenomenon of free fall. Inferences about the mental representations of Italian middle school pupils (12?13 years of age) have been gathered by interviewing a sample of 40 children, using a number of different questions and searching for the possible

S. Ruggiero; A. Cartelli; F. Duprè; M. Vicentini-Missoni

1985-01-01

174

Recreation in the Area of River Ardas: The Views of Elementary School Pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

River Ardas in Greece is an area of outstanding natural beauty and used as a recreation area. Each year the area is visited by people of all ages. Children visit the place either with their school or with their parents. It is important to study their views about the river as a recreation area. The children asked were pupils of

Evangelos Manolas; Stylianos Tampakis; Stergios Gkaintatzis; Soultana Mavridou-Mavroudi

2009-01-01

175

The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background\\/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before

J Todd; J Changalucha; D A Ross; F Mosha; A I N Obasi; M Plummer; R Balira; H Grosskurth; D C W Mabey; R Hayes

2004-01-01

176

Model for Cost Per Pupil for Vocational Education Programs and Types of Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was designed to develop a model for the collection and analysis of cost data for defining the cost per pupil per program per type of school (area vocational or comprehensive). An advisory committee of New Jersey State Department of Education personnel and vocational educators was selected to provide unbiased input. The selected programs…

Gasior, Albert G.; And Others

177

The Views of Primary Pupils on School Attendance at Key Stage 2 in Wales  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper provides new empirical evidence on primary pupils' views on school attendance in Wales at Key Stage 2. The research was conducted as part of the specific evidence commissioned by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) for the National Behaviour and Attendance Review (NBAR) in Wales which was chaired by the lead author. The findings…

Reid, Ken; Challoner, Caroline; Lancett, Ann; Jones, Glenda; Rhysiart, Gwion Ap; Challoner, Sally

2010-01-01

178

The views of primary pupils at Key Stage 2 on school behaviour in Wales  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides empirical evidence on primary pupils’ views on school behaviour in Wales at Key Stage 2. The research was conducted as part of the specific evidence commissioned by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) for the National Behaviour and Attendance Review (NBAR) in Wales which was chaired by the lead author. The findings indicate that nearly every child and

Ken Reid; Caroline Challoner; Ann Lancett; Glenda Jones; Gwion Ap Rhysiart; Sally Challoner

2010-01-01

179

Music in the "Common" Life of the School: Towards an Aesthetic Education for All in English Girls' Secondary Schools in the Interwar Period  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article adopts a Bourdieusian and gendered frame of analysis to examine how the aesthetic education increasingly extended to the "ordinary" pupil in English girls' secondary schools during the interwar period, and the music curriculum in particular, related to the reproduction of culture, class and gender for secondary schoolgirls. In a…

Jacobs, Andrea; Goodman, Joyce

2006-01-01

180

[The factors influencing tobacco smoking in the middle school age pupils of Moscow].  

PubMed

The high prevalence of tobacco smoking among modern-day children and adolescents largely determines a poor prognosis of human health in future. Smoking prevention among children and adolescents in general educational facilities is the most promising measure to solve this sociomedical problem. The investigation was undertaken to study smoking prevalence among middle school age pupils, to identify the major factors contributing to their taking up smoking, and to define information sources and the pupils' awareness about the negative impact of smoking. PMID:21845771

Dedukh, E L; Ruchkina, N A; Mirskaia, N B

2011-01-01

181

Pupils' perspectives on racism and differential treatment by teachers: on stragglers, the ill and being deviant  

Microsoft Academic Search

While British educational researchers have given considerable attention to issues of racism, little attention has been given to how pupils themselves perceive differential teacher treatment and how such views relate to pupils' claims of teacher racism and racial discrimination. This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one English and two Flemish (Belgian) secondary schools to investigate pupils' perceptions of teachers'

Peter A. J. Stevens

2009-01-01

182

Risk-based learning games improve long-term retention of information among school pupils.  

PubMed

Risk heightens motivation and, if used appropriately, may have the potential to improve engagement in the classroom. We have developed a risk-based learning game for school pupils in order to test whether such learning games can improve later recall of information. The study was performed during a series of public engagement workshops delivered by undergraduate students. Undergraduate neuroscience students delivered 90-minute science workshops to 9-10 year old school pupils (n?=?448) that were divided into 'Risk', 'No risk' and 'Control' classes. 'Risk' classes received periodic multiple-choice questions (MCQs) during the workshops which required small teams of pupils to assign tokens to the answer(s) they believed to be correct. Tokens assigned to the correct answer were returned to the group and an equal number given back as a prize; tokens assigned to incorrect answers were lost. Participation was incentivised by the promise of a brain-related prize to the team with the most tokens at the end of the workshop. 'No risk' classes received MCQs without the risk component whilst the 'Control' classes received no MCQs. When presented with a neuroscience quiz based on workshop content at the end of the workshop, pupils in the 'Risk' classes exhibited significantly greater recall of information one week later. Quiz scores were higher than scores from the day of the workshop which suggested pupils may have discussed the workshop content outside of the classroom, thereby increasing knowledge over and above what was learned during the workshop. This is supported by feedback from pupils in 'Risk' classes which indicated that 'Risk' workshops were more interesting than 'No risk' and 'Control' workshops. These data suggest that there is a role for risk in the classroom but further investigations are required to elucidate the causal mechanisms of improved retention of information. PMID:25072799

Devonshire, Ian M; Davis, Jenny; Fairweather, Sophie; Highfield, Lauren; Thaker, Chandni; Walsh, Ashleigh; Wilson, Rachel; Hathway, Gareth J

2014-01-01

183

The Effect of LEGO Training on Pupils' School Performance in Mathematics, Problem Solving Ability and Attitude: Swedish Data  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of one year of regular "LEGO" training on pupils' performances in schools. The underlying pedagogical perspective is the constructivist theory, where the main idea is that knowledge is constructed in the mind of the pupil by active learning. The investigation has been made in two steps. The…

Hussain, Shakir; Lindh, Jorgen; Shukur, Ghazi

2006-01-01

184

The Actual and Potential Participation of Primary School Pupils at Parents' Evenings: A Challenge to the Established Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As curricular development in Scotland espoused the importance of pupil participation, the extent to which this has been embedded across teachers' pedagogy into assessment and reporting practices warranted investigation. This article reports a mixed-methods study with parents, pupils and teachers from three Scottish primary schools that…

Inglis, Gillian H.

2014-01-01

185

Perceptions of School Life among Physically Disabled Mainstreamed Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses a study that examined the perceptions of school life among physically disabled students aged nine to twelve. Also discusses implications for designing more appropriate school environments for mainstreamed physically disabled students. (JOW)

Rich, Yisrael; And Others

1984-01-01

186

Comparative analysis of the perception of school violence in teachers, pupils, and families.  

PubMed

The main aim of the present study is to analyze the opinion of pupils, families and teachers in four European countries (Spain, Hungary, Austria and the Czech Republic) on the prevalence of violent behavior and other problematic aspects related to coexistence in schools, and on the way in which individuals are personally affected by them. For this purpose, a single instrument was used. From the results obtained it emerges, first of all, that there are significant differences depending on who is analyzing the school problems. Generally, families perceive the problems analyzed as less common and feel less affected by them personally. Hungary was considered to be the country with the lowest levels of school violence. Pupils indicate their concern about the high levels of lack of motivation or boredom, whilst teachers are more preoccupied about the serious problems of coexistence, due in particular to the presence or use of weapons and drugs and to intercultural conflicts. PMID:18988430

Gázquez Linares, José Jesús; Cangas Diaz, Adolfo Javier; Pérez Fuentes, Maria del Carmen; Lucas Acién, Francisca

2008-11-01

187

Pupil mobility and educational achievement in schools: an empirical analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the problems facing education policy-makers is how to raise achievement in schools. Improving schools and raising achievement requires, at the very least, an understanding of the factors influencing performance in schools. Previous research has looked at a number of factors, including quality of teaching and learning, patterns of resource use, gender, ethnicity, social class and socio-economic background in

Feyisa Demie

2002-01-01

188

Pupil Participation in School Cleaning: A Comparative Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a survey on how school cleaning is carried out in 103 countries throughout the world. Based on a comparative analysis of the collected data, the countries are classified into three types: 1) janitorial type, where janitors, or special cleansing personnel, clean the school, 2) janitor-pupillary type, where janitors do the school cleaning…

Okihara, Yutaka

1978-01-01

189

Teachers' Opinions of School Counseling Programmes in Nigerian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school teachers' opinions about their school counselling programmes were investigated. The teachers were asked how they perceived the school counselling services being implemented in their schools, and how they rate the counselling activities provided by school counsellors in their schools. Results indicate that majority of the teachers…

Aluede, Oyaziwo; Egbochuku, Elizabeth

2009-01-01

190

Promoting mathematical investigation in class: reflections on the rle of the teacher on the basis of experiences conducted in the secondary school  

E-print Network

of experiences conducted in the secondary school Angela Pesci Department of Mathematics, University of Pavia of a collaborative endeavour with secondary school teachers and is based on several didactic experiences, that can and memorization of formulas and concepts, but that of promoting, in the pupils, the qualities of a researcher

Spagnolo, Filippo

191

Effect of Constructivist-Based Teaching Strategy on Academic Performance of Students in Integrated Science at the Junior Secondary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrated science plays vital role in Nigerian science education programme because it prepares pupils at the Junior Secondary School level for the study of core science subjects at the Senior Secondary School level which in turn brings about students' interest in science oriented courses at the tertiary institutions. Despite government's efforts…

Bimbola, Oludipe; Daniel, Oludipe I.

2010-01-01

192

More Teachers, Fewer Pupils: A Study of the 1:20 Teacher-Pupil Ratio Policy in the Junior School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using information gathered through a study funded by the New Zealand Minister of Education, this document examines the history and implementation of the New Zealand government's 1:20 teacher-pupil ratio policy first set in motion in 1985, pupil progress associated with the policy, and related literature about class size. The following papers, each…

McDonald, Geraldine; And Others

193

How well may pupils be prepared for high school work without studying arithmetic, grammar, etc., in the grades?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Compares the preparation of pupils from a school where no arithmetic, grammar and other formal work in common branches is done, with the general average of students in a high school. The distribution of 5 high school grades and their corresponding percentages in the 2 schools were studied. The results indicated no significant differences between the two groups. It was

J. L. Meriam

1915-01-01

194

Individual School Buildings: Accounting for Differences in Measured Pupil Performance.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sample of 20 elementary schools in Detroit is used in a study of school effects reported in this article. Regression analysis (controlling for previous performance) is used to demonstrate that specific buildings do have an impact on student achievement. (Author/EB)

Lezotte, Lawrence W.; Passalacqua, Joseph

1978-01-01

195

Exclusion and Excluded Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The voices of pupils excluded from school for disciplinary reasons are infrequently heard. This article draws together the views of a small sample of pupils, gathered over three separate projects, and identifies common themes. The pupils' voices are reported in the more general context of the role of schools in promoting social inclusion and in a…

Munn, Pamela; Lloyd, Gwynedd

2005-01-01

196

The Effects of Pupil Self?recording of On?task Behaviour on Primary School Children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two studies are reported on the effects of pupil self?recording of on?task behaviour in primary school classes. In the first (pilot) study an ABA design was employed with a third year junior class in self?recording their on?task behaviour. In the second study, a multiple baseline design was employed with second, third and fourth year junior classes. In both studies there

Kevin Wheldall

1991-01-01

197

Albinism in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools: A Double Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pupils with albinism potentially face a number of challenges in accessing quality education in schools in Botswana. Physical issues such as poor eyesight related to the condition and the problems of sensitive skin in such a dry and warm climate are both contributing factors to making learning problematic for some pupils. This study by Gareth Dart…

Dart, Gareth; Nkanotsang, Tiroyaone; Chizwe, Ose; Kowa, Lily

2010-01-01

198

Solid waste management problems in secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria.  

PubMed

Inappropriate solid waste management practices in schools in less-developed countries, particularly in major urban communities, constitute one of the major factors leading to declining environmental health conditions. The objective of the authors' descriptive, cross-sectional study was to assess solid waste management problems in selected urban schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Eight secondary schools with average pupil populations not less than 500 per school were selected randomly. Four hundred questionnaires (50 per school) were administered. In addition, an observational checklist was used to assess the physical environment. Paper and plastics were the most frequently generated wastes. Common methods of solid waste disposal reported were use of dustbins for collection and open burning. Major problems perceived with current refuse disposal methods by the study students were odors, pest infestation, and spillages. Littering and spillages of solid waste were also common features reported. Data suggested inadequate waste management facilities and practices in study schools. The lack of refuse bins may have contributed to waste spillages and the burning practices. Odors may have arisen from both the decay of overstored organic waste rich in moisture and emissions from refuse burning. This scenario poses a community environmental health nuisance and may compromise school environmental quality. PMID:21949981

Ana, G R E E; Oloruntoba, E O; Shendell, D; Elemile, O O; Benjamin, O R; Sridhar, M K C

2011-09-01

199

Physical health status of pupils in a school for the mentally disabled in Lagos.  

PubMed

The study set out to assess the health status of pupils of a school for children with mental disability. The school is Modupe Cole Memorial Child Care and Treatment Home School, Akoka, Lagos. The records of 211 pupils were reviewed and the pupils were clinically examined by the author. Seventy-four (35.1%) of the subjects had complete immunization, 48(22.7%) had incomplete immunization while 44(20.9%) received no immunization. The probable aetiology of mental disability in the subjects was due to postnatal causes (96; 45.5%), natal causes (44; 20.8%), prenatal causes (12; 5.7%) and unknown (59; 28.0%). The most abnormal findings on physical examination were in the central nervous system (199; 94.3%), the musculoskeletal system (137; 64.9%), the mouth/teeth (125; 59.2%) and the skin (98; 46.4%). These findings were worse amongst the residential students than in the non-residential students (p < 0.001). The information obtained from this study will help to serve as a reference for purposes of health planning and policy formulation for children with mental disability. PMID:15045018

Ezeaka, V C; Iroha, E O

2003-12-01

200

Transition to Secondary - an Experiment in a Scottish Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attainments, attitudes, personality characteristics and friendship relations of three successive year groups of children (n254, 252 and 234) were assessed towards the end of their first term in secondary school. (Editor/RK)

Dutch, R. D.; McCall, J.

1974-01-01

201

Secondary School Students: Prevention Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This prevention resource guide (compiled from a variety of publications and data bases and representing the most currently available information) focuses on secondary school students, and is divided into four sections. The first section contains facts from current research about substance abuse prevention for secondary school students. For…

Alcohol, Drug Abuse, and Mental Health Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Office for Substance Abuse Prevention.

202

School Bullying as a Creator of Pupil Peer Pressure  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research into school bullying has a long tradition but a rather narrow scope. Many prevention programmes have been designed, but despite extensive investigation, most studies suggest that bullying is not decreasing. There is something paradoxical in this phenomenon. In order to have any real impact on some phenomena, thorough…

Hamarus, Paivi; Kaikkonen, Pauli

2008-01-01

203

Use of Medication in School Programs for Behaviorally Disordered Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article presents information on psychotrophic drugs used with behaviorally disordered students (stimulants, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and lithium), including desired effects and side effects. Guidelines for teachers and other school personnel who work with students on medication are also provided. (Author/JW)

Epstein, Michael H.; Olinger, Ellen

1987-01-01

204

Investigating Good Practice in Supporting Deaf Pupils in Mainstream Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A survey of parents, teachers, therapists, psychologists, and deaf adults (n=628) and 15 case study sites were used to identify the following good practices supporting deaf students in mainstream schools: direct support for teachers of the deaf, joint planning by support and mainstream teachers, student involvement in decision making, and…

Powers, Steve

2001-01-01

205

SEN Inclusion and Pupil Achievement in English Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents and discusses the key findings from a study funded by the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) that explored the relationship between achievement and inclusion in mainstream schools in England. Overall the results indicate that, although there is a small statistical relationship between inclusion and academic achievement,…

Farrell, Peter; Dyson, Alan; Polat, Filiz; Hutcheson, Graeme; Gallannaugh, Frances

2007-01-01

206

Challenging Sexism? Gender and Ethnicity in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses understandings of girls confronting sexism in a Swedish multiethnic urban school. The empirical study includes school observations, conversations and formal group interviews with 15-16-year-old pupils from seven classes in four schools. The article provides an analysis of one of the schools, where the fieldwork showed gender…

Ohrn, Elisabet

2009-01-01

207

Pupils’ attitudes towards mathematics: a comparative study of Norwegian and English secondary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparing English and Norwegian pupils’ attitude towards mathematics, in this article I develop a deeper understanding of\\u000a the factors that may shape and influence ‘pupil attitude towards mathematics’, and argue for it as a socio-cultural construct\\u000a embedded in and shaped by students’ environment and context in which they learn mathematics. The theoretical framework leans\\u000a on work by Zan and Di

Birgit Pepin

2011-01-01

208

Secondary School Teachers' Personal and School Characteristics, Experience of Violence and Perceived Violence Motives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social cohesion in school is reflected in social discrimination processes and the complementary social roles of teachers, pupils, other staff and pupils' relatives. School social cohesion varies in level from high, characterised by prosocial interactions, to low, characterised by antisocial or violent interactions. Antisocial behaviour is usually…

Mooij, Ton

2011-01-01

209

Secondary school teachers' personal and school characteristics, experience of violence and perceived violence motives  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social cohesion in school is reflected in social discrimination processes and the complementary social roles of teachers, pupils, other staff and pupils' relatives. School social cohesion varies in level from high, characterised by prosocial interactions, to low, characterised by antisocial or violent interactions. Antisocial behaviour is usually embedded in specific interaction patterns between different social actors and is based on

Ton Mooij

2011-01-01

210

Dissent and Disruption in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The nature of student-school conflict was studied through interviews and discussions with students in several crisis-torn secondary schools across the country. Complaints were widely repeated that high school curriculum was not geared to the needs of the noncollege-bound student. Grievances were also expressed over the traditional character of…

Chesler, Mark A.

211

Secondary Schools for Academically Talented Youth  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many American high school students are bored with the slow pace and lack of intellectual challenge of the standard, inclusive, school curriculum (Feldhusen and Kroll, 1991; Feldhusen, Wood, Dai, 1997). With increased public funding and awareness in gifted education over the last three decades (U.S.O.E., 1993), there has been large growth in the number of secondary schools in the United

John F. Feldhusen; Jeremy Boggess

2000-01-01

212

Alcohol consumption in Polish middle and high school pupils - has this rapidly increased during 2009-11?  

PubMed

Introduction. The dynamic rise of alcohol consumption in adolescents is a matter of serious concern, requiring frequently updated monitoring. By such means, it is possible to optimise preventative measures for dealing with this problem. Objective. To estimate the magnitude/amount and frequency of alcohol consumed by middle and high school pupils in Poland, including the circumstances when alcohol was first drunk. Materials and Methods. A randomised survey was performed throughout Poland on middle school (junior high school) pupils, (n=9360) in 2009, followed by both middle and high school pupils in 2011 (n=7971). The questionnaire was devised by the Polish Chief Sanitary Inspectorate (GIS). Results. A strikingly sharp increase in alcohol consumption (29%) was observed in subjects between 2009 - 2011. In the latter year, 1 month prior to survey, respectively, 50% and 71% of middle school and high school pupils drank alcohol, and correspondingly, 36% and 63% of these pupils ever became intoxicated/drunk. Conclusions. 1) Adolescent alcohol consumption increases with age and is highest in girls. Monitoring as well as in-depth analysis thus becomes necessary. 2) Systematic monitoring and analysis of changing healthy lifestyle behaviour should be used for taking the necessary corrective action. This should happen concurrently and consist of planned health education programmes, including health promotion. PMID:25292127

Wojty?a-Buciora, Paulina; Wojty?a, Cezary; Urbaniak, Monika; Kapka-Skrzypczak, Lucyna; Wojty?a, Andrzej; Diatczyk, Julia; Klimberg, Aneta; Piotrowski, Krzysztof; Marcinkowski, Jerzy T

2014-09-01

213

Tobacco Use Documenting Policy and Its Association with Pupils' Smoking and Their Perception of the Enforcement of School Smoking Bans in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finnish national data sets on schools (N = 496) and pupils (N = 74,143; 14-16 years) were used to study whether a systematic documenting policy for the violations of school smoking bans was associated with pupils' smoking and their perceptions on the enforcement of smoking bans. Attending a school with a systematic documenting policy was…

Saaristo, Vesa; Kulmala, Jenni; Raisamo, Susanna; Rimpelä, Arja; Ståhl, Timo

2014-01-01

214

Integrating Technology in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using technology as part of learning paradigms is rapidly integrating into many schools' curriculums. To successfully integrate technology into a school's curriculum, the following groups must become actively involved in the integration process: (1) local school boards; (2) administrators; and (3) teachers. Two schools in San Antonio, Texas are…

Curriculum Report, 1994

1994-01-01

215

Using Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Intervention in School Settings with Pupils Who Have Externalizing Behavioural Difficulties: An Unexpected Result  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There has been a growing interest in the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in school settings by educational psychologists in England. This small-scale study set out to explore the effectiveness of a school-based, eight-session CBT intervention for 12-13-year-old children with externalizing behavioural difficulties. Twelve pupils were…

Squires, Garry; Caddick, Katie

2012-01-01

216

Evaluation of the Indianapolis Public Schools' Montessori Option (K-6) Pupil Progress Report. Volume I: Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents and guardians of children in the Indianapolis Public Schools' Montessori Option Program for kindergartners through sixth graders were surveyed. Parents and guardians were surveyed on: (1) the pupil progress report, which was used on a pilot basis during the 1988-89 school year; (2) the Montessori method; (3) strengths and weaknesses of the…

Guynn, Stephen J.

217

‘Boring and stressful’ or ‘ideal’ learning spaces? Pupils’ constructions of teaching and learning in Chinese supplementary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chinese supplementary schools have been accused of having ‘old?fashioned’ and ineffective teaching methods, with most teaching being undertaken by ‘unqualified’ volunteer parent teachers. But how do pupils themselves interpret and experience the complementary school setting and to what extent do they feel it affects their learning? Drawing on empirical data from an ESRC study, including classroom observations and interviews with

Louise Archer; Becky Francis; Ada Mau

2009-01-01

218

Atoms in the Secondary School: Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an experimental curriculum project in Hungary that introduces quantum mechanics into the secondary school. Briefly covers the following topics: superposition and intensity of waves, de Broglie wavelength, the uncertainty principle, ground states, quantum numbers, and symmetry. (MLH)

Marx, George

1976-01-01

219

ALASKAN NATIVE SECONDARY SCHOOL DROPOUTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

DETERMINATIONS WERE MADE OF THE DROPOUT RATE AMONG NATIVE ALASKAN HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND THE VARIOUS REASONS FOR FAILURE TO FINISH SCHOOL. THE STUDY SAMPLE WAS DRAWN FROM NINE ALASKAN HIGH SCHOOLS WITH OVER ONE-HALF NATIVE STUDENT ENROLLEES. NATIVES WERE DEFINED AS PERSONS BEING ONE-FOURTH OR MORE ESKIMO, INDIAN, OR ALEUT. APPROXIMATELY 1,200…

RAY, CHARLES K.; AND OTHERS

220

[Hygienic assessment of organization of motor activity in primary class pupils of full-day schools].  

PubMed

The impact of a routine with the traditional organization of motor activity, a more extensive motor regimen with additional lessons of physical training, eurhythmics, and swimming, as well as a motor regimen of prophylactic and health-improving orientation of the Health School, which is at the most integrated into an educational process, on exercise performance, lung capacity, carpal muscle strength, physical fitness, and nonspecific resistance was studied in 156 first-to-second-form pupils at a two-year follow-up. The traditional motor regimen was found to fail to significantly increase functional parameters. Higher increment rates of the study parameters were observed with the extensive motor regimen. The Health School motor regimen providing a uniform motor activity distribution in the first and second half of a day and a predominance of a dynamic component over a statistical one was also favorable to the maintenance of increment rates of the parameters at 2 years of the follow-up, which implies the developing nature of this regimen. Hygienic recommendations to optimize the traditional motor regimen were worked out for full-day school pupils. PMID:19517594

Khramtsov, P I; Bakanov, I M

2009-01-01

221

The best, the worst and the average: secondary school choice and education performance in East London  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we investigate whether the distance between school and the pupil’s home is related to social background in a six borough area of East London. Also investigated is the extent to which schools in the area perform in line with expectations on the basis of the social composition of their intake. The research involves analysis of the Pupil

Tim Butler; Chris Hamnett; Mark Ramsden; Richard Webber

2007-01-01

222

Synopses for Modern Secondary School Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1959 Royaumont seminar "New Thinking in School Mathematics," having agreed on the need for modernization, recommended that a second group of experts work out detailed synopses of the entire subject matter of secondary school mathematics. This book is the report of the second seminar and contains the Dubrovnik Program which stimulated much…

Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development, Paris (France). Directorate for Scientific Affairs.

223

Secondary School Transition: Planning for Success.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parents of adolescents with attention deficit disorders are offered suggestions for easing the transition of their teen from elementary to secondary school. Careful scheduling of classes with the guidance counselor to "fit" the individual teen's needs is urged. The importance of ongoing communication with the school concerning class progress,…

Hemphill, Rae

224

Minimum Standards: Elementary and Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Ohio State Board of Education is required by state law to "formulate and prescribe minimum standards to be applied to all elementary and secondary schools in the state." This document, the first in a series, presents the revised minimum standards (effective September 1983) established by the State Board of Education for Ohio schools, under the…

Ohio State Dept. of Education, Columbus. Div. of Elementary and Secondary Education.

225

Alternative schools for troublesome secondary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of a field experiment indicate that a certain kind of secondary school program reduced the disruptive behavior and improved the scholastic performance of students who were about to be suspended or expelled from their conventional schools. The research indicates that the program was demonstrably effective only with those students who were not at the outset extremely depressed and anxious.

Martin Gold; David W. Mann

1982-01-01

226

Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

227

Secondary School Design: Workshop Crafts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Design features are described for school shop facilities. Some general requirements common to most workshops are discussed; and specific design information is provided for general woodwork, general metalwork, and combined wood and metalwork facilities. The grouping of the workshop crafts and their relation to other parts of the school are also…

Department of Education and Science, London (England).

228

US secondary schools and food outlets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the lowest-income versus the highest-income neighborhoods have more fast food restaurants and

Shannon N. Zenk; Lisa M. Powell

2008-01-01

229

Social Developmental Parameters in Primary Schools: Inclusive Settings' and Gender Differences on Pupils' Aggressive and Social Insecure Behaviour and Their Attitudes towards Disability  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the present study was to examine whether gender and inclusion settings are associated with elementary school pupils' aspects of social development such as aggression, social insecurity and attitudes toward disability. The sample consisted of 658 pupils (M[subscript age]=11[plus or minus]1 years) of 15 primary schools (306 boys and 352…

Arampatzi, Athina; Mouratidou, Katerina; Evaggelinou, Christina; Koidou, Eirini; Barkoukis, Vassilis

2011-01-01

230

Sleep disturbances are associated with reduced school achievements in first-grade pupils.  

PubMed

Several previous studies have demonstrated deteriorated scholastic achievements in school-aged children who experience sleep disturbances. In the current study, we examined the association between sleep disturbances during kindergarten (fifth to sixth year of children), and behavior, neurocognitive skills, as well as the children's future academic performance in first grade. The population included 98 kindergarten students who were scheduled to attend first grade. All children/parents filled out a sleep questionnaire and underwent one week of actigraphic sleep/wake study, as well as cognitive and behavioral assessments. Toward the end of first grade achievement evaluation in reading, writing, and arithmetic as well as teachers' evaluations were administrated. Of the 98 pupils, 6 failed the end of first grade's achievement tests (6.1%). When looking at their sleep patterns a year earlier, they had significantly longer sleep latencies (41 +/- 14 vs. 21 +/- 12 min, p < .05), increased arousals from sleep (4.1 +/- 0.9 vs. 1.8 +/- 1.1, p < .01), and lower sleep efficiencies (89.5 +/- 1.1 vs. 94.3 +/- 2.7%, p < .05) than pupils who passed the tests. There were significant correlations between sleep variables and cognitive and behavioral scores. The correlation between sleep efficiency in kindergarten and grades at the end of first year of school was r = .64 (p < .01). Children who failed first grade had significantly inferior sleep patterns. Sleep disturbances were associated with cognitive and emotional immaturity. PMID:20183720

Ravid, Sarit; Afek, Iris; Suraiya, Suheir; Shahar, Eli; Pillar, Giora

2009-01-01

231

A Survey of Student Attitudes Towards Two Vancouver Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An informal, non-standardized, 83-item instrument for measuring students' attitudes toward education was administered. Pupils indicated strong agreement, agreement, disagreement, or strong disagreement toward the following aspects of school: teacher, learning, school social structure and climate, peer, and general. Results are listed according to…

Moodie, Allan G.

232

China Curriculum for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist secondary teachers in teaching about China, this guide presents six units about the cultural and political patterns of Chinese life. Following a list of resources and audiovisual distributors, unit 1 provides opportunities to examine similarities and differences in Chinese and American world views, particularly attitudes of…

McBride, Marjorie; And Others

233

Trauma symptoms in pupils involved in school bullying--a cross sectional study conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.  

PubMed

To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12-14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check List for Children (TSCC). The pupils involved in the school violence, either as victims, bullies, bully/victims had significantly more trauma symptoms than the not involved. Involvement in school bullying as a bully/ victim was a strong indicator of trauma symptoms, particularly anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, obvious dissociation, and dissociation fantasy symptoms, while the victims of school violence had the highest odds ratio for the development of depressive symptoms. There is strong association between bullying and trauma symptoms in young adolescents. From our results, emphasis should be placed at the regularly screening on bullying in praxis of family physicians and regularly conduction of preventive measures and early intervention in every primary school. PMID:23697244

Obrdalj, Edita Cerni; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klari?, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

2013-03-01

234

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Specialist Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In England, the government has encouraged state secondary schools to be more diverse by becoming specialist. This paper reports estimates of the relative effectiveness of specialist schools for pupils' attainment in General Certificate of Secondary School examinations in 2001 compared to nonspecialist comprehensive schools, controlling for pupils'…

Levacic, Rosalind; Jenkins, Andrew

2006-01-01

235

Social Competency Training Goes to School: Pupil Involvement in the Classroom through Problem-Solving with People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for a "systems" approach to school-based social competency training has been highlighted by a national commission and the U.S. Department of Education. The Pupil Involvement/Problem-Solving with People (PI/PSP) curriculum has adapted numerous, well-researched social compentency training models targeted for elementary classroom use.…

Hallarman, Prudence R.; And Others

236

The Use of Several Diverse Methodologies for Increasing Pupil Achievement: Wesley Avenue Elementary School, 1972-73.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Since many of the children attending Wesley School come from homes which have a low income base, it qualifies for federally funded compensatory services. The educational program at Wesley was unique in that the various compensatory programs in operation reflected the use of several diverse methodologies for improving pupil achievement. The total…

Russell, Gail; Gaskin, Comer

237

Developing Critical and Creative Thinking Strategies in Primary School Pupils: an inter-cultural study of teachers' learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This project involved schools and teachers in England and China. It was designed to explore the ways in which teachers in two very different cultural settings took on ideas and strategies focused on the fostering of creative and critical thinking in their pupils. The authors were particularly interested to explore the extent to which challenges to teachers' thinking and learning

David S. Martin; Anna R. Craft; Harm H. Tillema

2002-01-01

238

What Happens to Textbooks in the Classroom? Pupils' Access to Literacy in an Urban Primary School in Ghana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Textbooks research over the last two to three decades tends to suggest that the availability of textbooks, especially in schools in developing countries, is associated with student achievement. Such conclusions based largely on quantitative studies provide very little information about pupils' access to and use of books, and the actual interaction…

Opoku-Amankwa, Kwasi

2010-01-01

239

Gender-based violence against female pupils at a high school in northern Zambia  

Microsoft Academic Search

SummaryGender-based violence was commonly directed against female pupils by teachers and male pupils using non-consensual sex, corporal punishment and abusive language. The victims didn't report the matter for fear of reprisals.ResultsThe pupils were aged between 10 and 21 years (with majority between 16 and 20 years old) and equal gender representation. 29 (58%) pupils reported being sexually abused by teachers,

R E Mtonga

2010-01-01

240

Consulting Pupils about Classroom Teaching and Learning: Policy, Practice and Response in One School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an ESRC (Economic and Social Research Council) doctoral study which investigated how teachers consulted pupils about teaching and learning in classrooms. Interest in consulting pupils has increased over the last decade; existing research suggests pupils have valuable perspectives on teaching and learning which teachers can…

Morgan, Bethan

2011-01-01

241

Learning a Musical Instrument: The Influence of Interpersonal Interaction on Outcomes for School-Aged Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers in recent years have increasingly placed an emphasis on seeking pupils' perceptions of educational settings. Alongside this shift towards attaching value to the pupil viewpoint has been a growing interest concerning how interpersonal relationships, manifested as control or responsiveness between teachers and pupils or parents and…

Creech, Andrea; Hallam, Susan

2011-01-01

242

Changing School Autonomy: Academy Schools and Their Introduction to England's Education. CEE DP 123  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we study a high profile case--the introduction of academy schools into the English secondary school sector--that has allowed schools to gain more autonomy and flexible governance by changing their school structure. We consider the impact of an academy school conversion on their pupil intake and pupil performance and possible…

Machin, Stephen; Vernoit, James

2011-01-01

243

Impact of Regular Soap Provision to Primary Schools on Hand Washing and E. coli Hand Contamination among Pupils in Nyanza Province, Kenya: A Cluster-Randomized Trial  

PubMed Central

We assessed whether supplying soap to primary schools on a regular basis increased pupil hand washing and decreased Escherichia coli hand contamination. Multiple rounds of structured observations of hand washing events after latrine use were conducted in 60 Kenyan schools, and hand rinse samples were collected one time in a subset of schools. The proportion of pupils observed practicing hand washing with soap (HWWS) events was significantly higher in schools that received a soap provision intervention (32%) and schools that received soap and latrine cleaning materials (38%) compared with controls (3%). Girls and boys had similar hand washing rates. There were non-significant reductions in E. coli contamination among intervention school pupils compared with controls. Removing the barrier of soap procurement can significantly increase availability of soap and hand washing among pupils; however, we discuss limitations in the enabling policy and institutional environment that may have prevented reaching desired levels of HWWS. PMID:23939707

Saboori, Shadi; Greene, Leslie E.; Moe, Christine L.; Freeman, Matthew C.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Akoko, Daniel; Rheingans, Richard D.

2013-01-01

244

The impact of a school-based water supply and treatment, hygiene, and sanitation programme on pupil diarrhoea: a cluster-randomized trial.  

PubMed

The impact of improved water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) access on mitigating illness is well documented, although impact of school-based WASH on school-aged children has not been rigorously explored. We conducted a cluster-randomized trial in Nyanza Province, Kenya to assess the impact of a school-based WASH intervention on diarrhoeal disease in primary-school pupils. Two study populations were used: schools with a nearby dry season water source and those without. Pupils attending 'water-available' schools that received hygiene promotion and water treatment (HP&WT) and sanitation improvements showed no difference in period prevalence or duration of illness compared to pupils attending control schools. Those pupils in schools that received only the HP&WT showed similar results. Pupils in 'water-scarce' schools that received a water-supply improvement, HP&WT and sanitation showed a reduction in diarrhoea incidence and days of illness. Our study revealed mixed results on the impact of improvements to school WASH improvements on pupil diarrhoea. PMID:23702047

Freeman, M C; Clasen, T; Dreibelbis, R; Saboori, S; Greene, L E; Brumback, B; Muga, R; Rheingans, R

2014-02-01

245

Repositioning Trust: A Challenge to Inauthentic Neoliberal Uses of Pupil Voice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

At a time when "trust" is argued by many to be on the wane within post-industrial societies this article examines a case study of pupil voice brought about through collaboration between a secondary school (for pupils aged 11-16) and a university located in a large conurbation in southern England. Building on data from focus groups and individual…

Czerniawski, Gerry

2012-01-01

246

Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

247

Computer science for secondary schools: Course content  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computers and computing are topics of discussion in many curriculum areas in secondary school. The four courses recommended by this task group, however, have computing as their primary content. The courses are: 1) Introduction to Computer Science I (a full year course) 2) Introduction to Computer Science II (a full year course) 3) Introduction to a High-level Computer Language (a

1984-01-01

248

Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This bulletin contains: (1) a summary and conclusions of a study of mathematics curricula in Europe and Japan, and (2) a description of beginning efforts to evaluate the Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study (SSMCIS) project. Some of the conclusions of the European and Japanese study are: (1) the study of Euclidean synthetic…

Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

249

Teacher Burnout in Metro Manila Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores and defines teacher burnout and lists characteristics; (1) loss of idealism; (2) loss of motivation; (3) loss of concern; and (4) loss of energy. Specifically focuses on secondary teachers attitudes toward burnout in the Metro-Manila School System. Includes a list of responses to selected questions from the survey on burnout and…

Mercado, Nenita

1987-01-01

250

Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

Thomas, Paul F.

251

Secondary School Capacity, Room Needs or Utilization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents a computer program for aiding prediction of how to make maximum use of the physical plant to accommodate the instructional program at a secondary school. It uses Conrad's formula for determining capacity, room needs, and utilization of facilities. The formula, BASIC program, and a sample table are provided. (DCS)

Gibbins, Neil L.

1985-01-01

252

Organic Horticulture in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In…

Marrocco, Aldo

2009-01-01

253

Informatics Education in Italian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes the state of informatics education in the Italian secondary schools, highlighting how the learning objectives set up by the Ministry of Education are difficult to meet, due to the fact that the subject is often taught by teachers not holding an informatics degree, the lack of suitable teaching material and the expectations…

Bellettini, Carlo; Lonati, Violetta; Malchiodi, Dario; Monga, Mattia; Morpurgo, Anna; Torelli, Mauro; Zecca, Luisa

2014-01-01

254

Secondary School Children and Their Television.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of teenage television viewing focuses on a study of secondary school students in Belfast (Northern Ireland) that examined viewing habits. Highlights include the amount of television watched; effects on reading; the influence of violence; parents' responsibility and control over viewing; models for behavior; and negative views of…

Collins, Jude

1992-01-01

255

Secondary School Students' Representations of Solids.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines secondary school students' ability to interpret representations of three-dimensional objects including prototypes of component, perspective drawings, orthogonal views, descriptions by coordinates, verbal descriptions, and verbal quasi-descriptions. Students were given four identical wooden cubes and asked to construct the objects. Reports…

Cooper, Martin; Sweller, John

1989-01-01

256

Electricity: Residential Wiring. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on residential wiring for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

257

Physical Fitness in the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author, Executive Director of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports, examines the state of physical education in secondary school programs and presents twelve commonalities of quality physical education programs. Those common characteristics are identified as: (1) high student and staff morale; (2) frequent methods…

Conrad, C. Carson

258

Teaching English at Polish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this paper are to determine: 1. if Polish secondary school learners are studying English so that they can obtain jobs in the UK and Ireland and 2. whether they prefer to learn how to speak English from a native speaker teacher than from a non-native instructor. Eighteen students, who study at ZESPOL SZKOL MECHANICZNYCH NR 2 in Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.; Pirog, Renata; Kritsonis, William Allan

2010-01-01

259

The extent of nonmedical use of psychoactive substances among secondary school students in Greater Cairo.  

PubMed

The present paper reports on an epidemiological study of the nonmedical use of psychoactive substances among male secondary school students in Greater Cairo. A standardized questionnaire was administered to 5530 male pupils constituting a representative sample of all male students in Cairo secondary schools. The main aim of the study was to provide factual answers to questions pertaining to, (a) the extent of the use of psychoactive drugs, and (b) the aetiology of such use, among secondary school students. Methodological steps undertaken to provide for representativeness of the sample and credibility of the tool are described. Among the interesting results were the following: (1) consistently more arts students than pupils reading science and maths were immersed in the drug culture; (2) sizable numbers of young people get exposed to the drug culture through well defined psychosocial channels; (3) the role of mass media in effecting this exposure seems to be quite serious, ranking in most cases after the role of personal friends; (4) a differentiation between "activists" and "passivists" among subjects who "ever used" drugs seems to be important in understanding more about drug use phenomena, and (5) some findings add a new dimension to the operational definition of high risk groups: a subgroup of nonusers could be labeled "potential users". PMID:7084022

Soueif, M I; El-Sayed, A M; Darweesh, Z A; Hannourah, M A

1982-02-01

260

Devil in the Detail: Using a Pupil Questionnaire Survey in an Evaluation of Out-of-School Classes for Gifted and Talented Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of questionnaires to evaluate educational initiatives is widespread, but often problematic. This paper examines four aspects of an evaluation survey carried out with very able pupils attending out-of-school classes: ethics, design, bias and interpretation. There is a particular focus on the interpretation and analysis of pupils' answers to…

Lambert, Mike

2008-01-01

261

Knowledge and Experiences of Risks among Pupils in Vocational Education  

PubMed Central

Background Young male and female workers are over-represented in statistics concerning negative outcomes of poor work environment and risky work. Young workers often have low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introduction to the work. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge and experiences of pupils of vocational schools concerning potential work environment risks in their future work. Methods The study design was a dual one, and included a questionnaire and focus group interviews. The study group consisted of 239 pupils from 10 upper secondary schools, who were graduating pupils in four vocational programs: the Industrial Technology Programme, the Restaurant Management and Food Programme, the Transport Programme, and the Handicraft Programme (in which students specialize in wood products). The upper secondary schools were located in the central region of Sweden. Results The pupils had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. Many felt that they themselves are mainly responsible for performing their tasks safely. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the greatest risk at work. The theoretical education about safety at work was provided in the 1st year of the 3-year vocational programs. Conclusion A systematic approach to pupils' training in work environment, which is a basis for a safe and healthy workplace, is lacking. The study findings indicate that pupils are offered knowledge far from that intended by laws and by state-of-the-art occupational health risk research. PMID:25379328

Andersson, Ing-Marie; Gunnarsson, Kristina; Rosèn, Gunnar; Moström Åberg, Marie

2014-01-01

262

Scientists of tomorrow - Geophysics School Lab for Secondary School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.

Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas

2014-05-01

263

A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Supply and Pupils' Enrolment in Public and Private Primary Schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…

Adeyemi, T. O.

2012-01-01

264

Physics: Frightful, but fun. Pupils' and teachers' views of physics and physics teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There is widespread concern for the situation of school physics regarding recruitment, contents, teaching methods, etc. In this study based on questionnaire and focus group data, we explore how upper secondary pupils and teachers perceive physics as a subject, how they experience physics instruction, and how physics compares to other subjects.Our study shows that pupils find physics interesting, but difficult and work-intensive; formalistic in nature, but still describing the world and everyday phenomena. Pupils express that exoti topics like astrophysics are closer to their life-world than mechanics etc. Whereas teachers complain about pupils' poor mathematics skills, pupils do not see this as a major problem. Physics instruction is still dominated by traditional content knowledge and seems to attract and reward pupils with this orientation. Pupils have a relatively weak understanding of the central role of experiments in science. Generally, pupils appear conservative in their views on teaching and learning; however, they would like stronger emphasis on qualitative and pupil-centred approaches.Based on our findings, we suggest that an upper secondary physics education preparing pupils for tomorrow's society should be characterized by variety, both within and among courses, integration of mathematics in the physics courses, more pupil-centred instruction, and a stronger emphasis on knowledge in context.

Angell, Carl; Guttersrud, Øystein; Henriksen, Ellen K.; Isnes, Anders

2004-09-01

265

Enhancing Outcomes in School Science for Pupils during Transition from Elementary School Using Cooperative Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports data from a 2-year longitudinal study on cooperative learning in school science. The study reported the effects of cooperative learning in science on science attainment, effective development and social connectedness, and interactions during transition from elementary to high school in rural and urban school settings. The…

Thurston, Allen; Christie, Donald; Karagiannidou, Eleni; Murray, Pauline; Tolmie, Andrew; Topping, Keith

2010-01-01

266

Understanding understanding in secondary school science: An interpretive study  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the teaching of secondary school science with an emphasis on promoting student understanding. In particular, I focused on two research questions: What are the possible meanings of teaching for understanding? And, how might one teach secondary school science for understanding? After semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 secondary school science teachers, grounded theory methodology was used to

Maureen Gail O'Neill

2006-01-01

267

Smoking Intensity among Nigerian Secondary Schools Adolescent Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined smoking intensity among secondary school adolescent smokers. A total of 800 students, made up of 685 males and 115 females who have at least tasted a cigarette once, from twenty secondary schools (5 private and 15 public secondary schools) in Benin City, Nigeria participated in the study. A questionnaire was used in collecting…

Imhonde, Henry O.; Aluede, Oyaziwo

2007-01-01

268

Issues in Pupil Transportation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of this book is to present the critical issues in pupil transportation that will confront pupil transportation supervisors in local school districts. The following issues are discussed: (1) demands for extended service from community pressure groups; (2) reductions in budget requests by governing bodies; (3) unrest among driver…

Association of School Business Officials International, Reston, VA.

269

Summer ESL Remediation for Incoming Pupils, 1975 High School Umbrella #2, Title I.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Summer Remediation for Incoming Pupils Program was designed to provide remedial instruction in mathematics, reading, or English as a second language (ESL) to selected incoming 9th and 10th grade pupils in New York City. This report describes the program and evaluates its effectiveness for the summer of 1975. A major goal of the program was to…

Shore, Marietta S.

270

The Beliefs and Behaviors of Pupils in an Experimental School: School Settings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on various settings in an intermediate school--the library, the gym, art class, and the homeroom--described from the point of view of a participant observer. It reports the results of a year-long study conducted at Longbranch, an experimental school associated with the Learning Research and Development Center at the University…

Lancy, David F.

271

Citizenship initiatives and pupil values: a case study of one Scottish school’s experience  

Microsoft Academic Search

As the education for citizenship agenda continues to impact on schools, there is a need to discuss and examine the kind of initiatives that can push it forward. In Scotland the proposals should, it is argued, permeate the curriculum throughout the school. Yet there is the fear that the responsibility of all can become the responsibility of none. This research

Henry Maitles

2010-01-01

272

Conditions for Learning: Partnerships for Engaging Secondary Pupils with Contemporary Art  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the findings of the London Cluster research, "Critical Minds", in which the Institute of Education, University of London (IoE) worked in collaboration with Whitechapel Chapel Art Gallery (the lead London gallery), Bow Arts, Chisenhale Gallery and Space-The Triangle, and four east London comprehensive schools. By collaborating…

Burgess, Lesley; Addison, Nicholas

2007-01-01

273

Kraków secondary school students and contemporary threats to human health such as alcoholism and drug addiction.  

PubMed

The paper presents the results of empirical research which is an attempt to reconstruct the attitude of Kraków pupils of secondary schools to the problem of alcohol and drug intoxication and to show the stereotypes of an alcoholic and drug addict existing in their consciousness. The knowledge of this problem was acquired by means of own research done in a group of 488 pupils of first and third classes of acclaimed secondary schools as well as of vocational and artistic schools. The main objective of this research was the assumption that the attitude to both problems results from the situation in which the respondents are, and typical of the generation structures of axiology. The theoretical base of the research derives from two notions: firstly, from the concept of young people as a generation with specific experience. Secondly, from the analysis of both phenomena as the symptoms of deviant behaviour among young people. In the research the technique of audience survey was used. The main research instrument was the survey questionnaire. The empirical material which was gathered underwent the study of quality and quantity. In the statistical dependency analysis H. Kruskall-Wallis' importance test was used. The categories which were the most influential in differentiating the acquired results were successively: age, type of school, sex. Results obtained in empiric material analysis can be observed in following conclusions: (1) The age of respondents is determined by the students who have contacts with addicted people. (2) Drinking alcohol and experimenting with drugs is connected with older students attending Kraków secondary schools. (3) The examined students' direct contact with alcohol and psychoactive substances is 68.7% and 15.2% of all. (4) Alcoholic and drug intoxication among the examined students is determined by the influence of the peer-group PMID:16225066

Stanek, Lucyna

2005-01-01

274

Inadequate and inappropriate?: The assessment of young disabled people and pupils with special educational needs in National Curriculum Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Based upon focus groups with 12 secondary school physical education (PE) teachers working in north-west England, this paper examines: (i) how young disabled people and pupils with special educational needs (SEN) were assessed in National Curriculum Physical Education (NCPE) 2000; and (ii) how teachers managed the constraints on them to assess these pupils in the same manner as other young

David Haycock; Andy Smith

2010-01-01

275

Sex education: the effect of a peer programme on pupils (aged 13-14 years) and their peer leaders  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 1992 and 1993, 66 selected, trained peer leaders (aged 16-17 years) worked with 38 secondary school classes in the Southwest of England. Questionnaires elicited the views of the class teachers (N = 12), peer leaders (N = 54) and pupils (N = 884; 98 per cent). The majority of the pupils (aged 13-14 years), including those with low self-esteem

F. A. Phelps; A. R. Mellanby; N.J. Crichton; J. H. Tripp

1994-01-01

276

Physical Activity Breaks and Facilities in US Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on physical activity breaks and facilities (indoor and outdoor) in secondary schools is relatively limited. Methods: School administrators and students in nationally representative samples of 8th (middle school) and 10th/12th grade (high school) students were surveyed annually from 2008-2009 to 2011-2012. School administrators…

Hood, Nancy E.; Colabianchi, Natalie; Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.

2014-01-01

277

The Poor at School in Canada; Observational Studies of Canadian Schools, Classrooms and Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The document presents 8 observational studies of interaction of the poor and the Canadian school system in an effort to gather data on inequalities in education. An ad hoc committee formed by the Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF) asked the member organizations to undertake observational studies following 1 of 2 main types of designs: (1) an…

Chalmers, John W.; And Others

278

Patterns of Drug Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to establish the association between substance abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of secondary school students. All the students of 17 randomly stratified public secondary schools in Nairobi were required to complete self-administered sociodemographic and the School Toolkit questionnaires in a…

Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln I.; Mutiso, Victoria; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca A.; Kokonya, Donald A.

2009-01-01

279

The Relationship between Stress and Bullying among Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…

Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan

2009-01-01

280

On the Allocation of Resources for Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the optimal allocation of resources--in terms of school management, teachers, supporting employees and materials--in secondary schools. We use a flexible budget constrained output distance function model to estimate both technical and allocative efficiency scores for 448 Dutch secondary schools between 2002 and 2007. The results…

Haelermans, Carla; De Witte, Kristof; Blank, Jos L. T.

2012-01-01

281

Toward a Social History of the Secondary Modern Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Maintains that surprisingly little attention has been given to secondary modern schools by historians. Maintains that a new approach is needed to examine the impact of social differentiation in English and Welsh schools. Asserts that a more current history of secondary schools will provide new insights into British social history. (CFR)

McCulloch, Gary; Sobell, Liz

1994-01-01

282

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN OSUN STATE, NIGERIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the management of conflicts in the administration of secondary schools in Osun State, Nigeria. It also identifies, discusses and analyses the causes as well as the various ways conflicts manifested in the administration of secondary schools in the state. The effects of conflicts on school administration are equally examined. Quantitative and qualitative data were generated from both

OLU OKOTONI; ABOSEDE OKOTONI

2003-01-01

283

"They're gonna Think We're the Dumb Lot Because We Go to the Special School": A Teacher Research Study of How Mainstream and Special School Pupils View Each Other  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on a small piece of teacher research that examined the preconceptions held by pupils in mainstream and special schools about themselves, each other and their educational setting. A "circle time"-style interview was used in both educational settings to access the opinions of sixteen pupils with moderate learning difficulties.…

Griffiths, Eve

2007-01-01

284

School violence reduction: a model Jamaican secondary school program.  

PubMed

Violence in United States' schools is epidemic. Solutions are rare. Community mental health centers are now being challenged to become part of the solution. The Montego Bay Secondary School project presents an example of how violence reduction can be achieved using almost no physical resources and the special effect, called the "Bruno Effect", created by one Jamaican police officer with the consultation of a psychodynamically-led training and intervention team. The "Bruno Effect" resulted in a dramatic reduction in the number of physical attacks from an observed 5 fights per day (3 out of the 5 involved knives and cutting) to 1 per week. The violence rate returned immediately to its former level as soon as "Bruno" left the school. The dramatic violence reduction appears related to establishing an adult protective shield. Results stem from the unique personality of the adult protector, as well as a combination of the special role of the police and the outside intervention team. PMID:9211042

Sacco, F C; Twemlow, S W

1997-06-01

285

A comparative analysis of pupil attitudes toward selected oral language activities used with fifth graders in the public schools of Brazos County, Texas  

E-print Network

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUPIL ATTITUDES TOWARD SELECTED ORAL LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES USED WITH FIFTH GRADERS IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OF BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS A Thesis By FRANCES WILLIAMS BRUSSE Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM... University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1967 Major Subject Education A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PUPIL ATTITUDES TOWARD SELECTED ORAL LANGUAGE ACTIVITIES USED WITH FIFTH GRADERS IN THE PUBLIC...

Brusse, Frances Williams

2012-06-07

286

A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

287

In Search of Credibility: Pupils' Information Practices in Learning Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: We aim to create an in-depth understanding of how pupils in upper secondary school negotiate the credibility and authority of information as part of their practices of learning. Particular focus is on the use of user-created resources, such as "Wikipedia", where authorship is collective and/or hard to determine. Method: An…

Sundin, Olof; Francke, Helena

2009-01-01

288

Should We Be Encouraging Pupils to Ask More Questions?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article investigates the issue of secondary school pupils asking questions. This is an important topic on which very little has been published to date. The article reviews the current literature, which almost exclusively reports the lack of student initiated, content related questioning in classrooms. A small study is described that…

Whittaker, Andrew

2012-01-01

289

Creating Change in Academic Self-Concept and School Behavior in Alienated Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A described intervention evaluates the effect of both a psychology course and the active service component of tutoring upon alienated underachieving adolescents and the elementary school pupils who receive their services. Results indicate that both the class and tutoring effectively improved the academic self-concept of the students. (Author/PN)

Zeeman, Roger D.

1982-01-01

290

This paper concerns educational projects implemented at a number of Moscow secondary schools (high schools) and,  

E-print Network

with each other and sharing experiences helps build better and more versatile tools to teach solar energy solar radiation. The processed data can then be used to evaluate the performance of solar energy systems solar photovoltaic modules installed on the school's roof. Pupils monitor, in real-time, the electricity

Oregon, University of

291

Speech Therapy for Disadvantaged Pupils in Non-public Schools. Evaluation of ESEA Title I Projects in New York City, 1967-68.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This New York City school district educational project was designed to provide speech therapy for educationally disadvantaged pupils with severely defective speech who were in attendance in nonpublic schools. The speech therapy was provided by 42 teachers for 7,385 children. Participants met for one-half hour in small therapy groups. The project…

Duker, Sam

292

Curiosity and Creativity Among Pupils in Open Plan and Architecturally Conventional Schools -- A Progress Report. Studies of Open Education No. 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two open plan elementary schools were chosen together with the two traditional schools that most matched in size, location, and socioeconomic backgrounds of pupils; and standardized tests of curiosity and creativity were administered to students in grades 2 and 5. The results of the analyses show that some differences exist on a few of the tests…

York County Board of Education, Aurora (Ontario).

293

A Study on the Implementation of the Ecotran Systems, Inc. Computerized Routing and Scheduling Pupil Transportation System. San Diego Unified School District, Superintendent's Organizational Study Team.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The San Diego Unified School District (California) began operating a computerized routing and scheduling system for its pupil transportation services at the beginning of the 1985-86 academic school year. The computerized system, provided by Ecotran Systems, Inc. (ECO) of Cleveland, Ohio experienced an inordinate number of difficulties. A…

Carriedo, Ruben; And Others

294

Chicago's Private Elementary and Secondary Schools: Enrollment Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…

Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.

295

Extension and transition programme for secondary school students  

E-print Network

in these STAR courses. School STAR Coordinator signature Date School STAR Coordinator name STAR Arts distanceExtension and transition programme for secondary school students STAR at UC * Certification at school in 2014 (e.g. Year 13): Family name: Given name(s): Postal address: Telephone no. (landline

Hickman, Mark

296

Departmental Differences in Attitudes to Special Educational Needs in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As trends in favour of inclusion continue, questions arise concerning the extent to which teachers in mainstream schools feel prepared for the task of meeting pupils' special educational needs. Little previous research has considered how the subject taught impacts upon the attitudes of mainstream teachers towards pupils with special educational…

Ellins, Jean; Porter, Jill

2005-01-01

297

School Sports Opportunities Influence Physical Activity in Secondary School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…

Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer

2011-01-01

298

Prevalence and correlates for school truancy among pupils in grades 7-10: results from the 2004 Zambia Global School-based Health Survey  

PubMed Central

Background There are limited data on the prevalence and associated factors of truancy in southern Africa. Yet truancy should attract the attention of public health professionals, educators and policy makers as it may be associated with adolescent problem behaviours. The objectives of the study were to estimate the prevalence and determine correlates of school truancy among pupils in Zambia. Findings We used data collected in 2004 in the Zambia Global School-based Health Survey. Logistic regression analysis was conducted to identify factors associated with truancy. A total of 2257 pupils participated in the survey of whom 53.9% were male. Overall 58.8% of the participants (58.1% of males and 58.4% of females) reported being truant in the past 30 days. Factors associated with truancy were having been bullied (AOR = 1.34, 95% CI [1.32, 1.36]), current alcohol use (AOR = 2.19, 95% CI [2.16, 2.23]), perception that other students were kind and helpful (AOR = 1.12, 95% CI [1.10, 1.14]), being male and being from the lowest school grade. Pupils whose parents or guardians checked their homework (AOR = 0.91 95% CI, [0.89, 0.92]) and those who reported parental supervision (AOR = 0.94, 95% CI [0.92-0.95]) were less likely to report being truant. Conclusions We found a high prevalence of truancy among pupils in grades 7-10 in Zambia. Interventions aimed to reduce truancy should be designed and implemented with due consideration of the associated factors. PMID:22260248

2012-01-01

299

Nonphysical forms of bullying among school pupils: a cause for concern  

Microsoft Academic Search

Considers which behaviours pupils and teachers regard as bullying. Finds that a substantial proportion of people fail to include non-physical acts - such as deliberately leaving somebody out of activities, laughing at someone’s misfortunes, and name-calling - in their definition of bullying. Reports on the frequency with which various behaviours were experienced by young people, and how they might affect

Michael J. Boulton; David S. Hawker

1997-01-01

300

Designing Instruction and Learning for Cognitively Gifted Pupils in Preschool and Primary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Young gifted children perform in the top 10% in assessments of cognitive, social, expressive or other abilities. The study first considers why, and how, cognitively gifted pupils in particular may face enforced underachievement as early as in preschool. A longitudinal multilevel model is developed to represent various types of interaction between…

Mooij, Ton

2013-01-01

301

The Social Position of Pupils with Special Needs in Regular Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inclusive education places much value on implementing the conditions that foster good relationships between students. Research has shown that pupils with special needs can have difficulty in building relationships with peers without special needs. This study describes their social position in regular education. It applies different indexes for social position and compares these with each other and with other judgments

Sip Jan Pijl; Per Frostad; Annlaug Flem

2008-01-01

302

Self-Concept, Social Position and Social Participation of Pupils with SEN in Mainstream Primary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Drawing on a recent research project, this paper questions the literature's dominant representation of children with special educational needs (SEN) as holding negative perceptions of themselves and being socially isolated. The study examined dimensions of pupils' self-concept and their social position in their class network. Contrary to…

Avramidis, Elias

2013-01-01

303

Scaffolding School Pupils' Scientific Argumentation with Evidence-Based Dialogue Maps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This chapter reports pilot work investigating the potential of Evidence-based Dialogue Mapping to scaffold young teenagers’ scientific argumentation. Our research objective is to better understand pupils’ usage of dialogue maps created in Compendium to write scientific explanations. The participants were 20 pupils, 12-13 years old, in a summer science course for “gifted and talented” children in the UK. Through qualitative analysis of three case studies, we investigate the value of dialogue mapping as a mediating tool in the scientific reasoning process during a set of learning activities. These activities were published in an online learning environment to foster collaborative learning. Pupils mapped their discussions in pairs, shared maps via the online forum and in plenary discussions, and wrote essays based on their dialogue maps. This study draws on these multiple data sources: pupils’ maps in Compendium, writings in science and reflective comments about the uses of mapping for writing. Our analysis highlights the diversity of ways, both successful and unsuccessful, in which dialogue mapping was used by these young teenagers.

Okada, Alexandra

304

Decline in Interest in Biology among Elementary School Pupils during a Generation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A decline in biology interest has often been claimed but seldom with an empirically substantiation. This study was based on a sample of 3rd and 4th grade pupils within the same geographical area as Lowe's (1987, 1992) previous results from southwest Germany from the year 1983. We used a four-point Likert-type questionnaire to assess interest with…

Randler, Christoph; Osti, Janina; Hummel, Eberhard

2012-01-01

305

Developing the Emotional Competence of Teachers and Pupils in School Contexts  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: This paper describes the evaluation of two training programmes, one targeted at teachers and the other at pupils, the aim of both being to improve personal and social well-being through the development of emotional competence (emotional awareness, emotional regulation, emotional autonomy, social competence and life competencies).…

Perez-Escoda, N.; Filella, G.; Alegre, A.; Bisquerra, R.

2012-01-01

306

Turning Pupils on to Learning: Creative Classrooms in Action. Creative Teaching/Creative Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Turning Pupils on to Learning" documents and makes visible how creative learning approaches can engage and motivate children in their learning. The book features six case studies of creative learning projects that cover the early years through to Key Stage 3 which are written by the teachers and creative practitioners involved. From the creation…

Elkington, Rob, Ed.

2011-01-01

307

An Analysis of the Writing Disposition of Fourth and Fifth Grade Elementary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study is the evaluation of the writing disposition of fourth and fifth grade pupils from the perspective of different variables using the Writing Dispositions Scale developed by Piazza and Siebert (2008) and adopted into Turkish by Iseri and Unal (2010). The working group for this study is made up of fourth and fifth grade…

Unal, Emre

2010-01-01

308

75 FR 23196 - Exchange Visitor Program-Secondary School Students  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...opportunity to study in the United...private secondary schools for an academic...assurance monitoring on behalf of student...there is no uniform criminal history...jurisdictions, no uniform practice in...General's Report on Criminal History...the Secondary School Student program's...higher-education studies but who...

2010-05-03

309

75 FR 65975 - Exchange Visitor Program-Secondary School Students  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...placement based on athletic ability...would establish a uniform policy across the Secondary School Student program...points of view on this issue, the...eligibility. Secondary school student exchange...full course of study at an accredited...program is conducted on a U.S....

2010-10-27

310

Are Korean Secondary School Girls Physically Active During Leisure Time?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Our aims in this study were to identify the types of physical activity during leisure time and to determine if Korean secondary school girls participate in enough physical activity during leisure time to promote health. Of the 1,088 girls randomly selected by a multistaged cluster sampling technique, 705 girls completed questionnaires. Seventy-five percent of Korean secondary school girls spent time

Minhaeng Cho; Wook-Dong Kwon; Yong-Bae Jeon

2010-01-01

311

Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools

Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

2004-01-01

312

Secondary School Students' Views of Inhibiting Factors in Seeking Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines secondary school students' perceptions of inhibiting factors in seeking counselling. Responses to a questionnaire completed by 1346 secondary school students were analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Exploratory factor analysis highlighted that within 21 pre-defined inhibiting factors, items loaded strongly on…

Chan, Stephanie; Quinn, Philip

2012-01-01

313

The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

Pfleger, Margo

314

Investigating the Use of Learning Objects for Secondary School Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on the impact of learning objects in secondary school mathematics classes is limited. To date, only two investigations have been reported in this area. The current study presents a comprehensive analysis of the use and effect of learning objects in secondary school mathematics classrooms. T eacher and student attitudes, as well as student performance, were used to assess the

Robin Kay; Liesel Knaack

2008-01-01

315

Preferential Policies and Secondary School Attainment in Peninsular Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of Malaysia's preferential educational policies regarding secondary school attainment for the nation's three ethnic groups. Investigates trends in gender and socioeconomic differences within each ethnic group. Finds that, over time, Malays were increasingly more likely to attain secondary school than were non-Malays. (CFR)

Pong, Suet-ling

1993-01-01

316

Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…

Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.

2014-01-01

317

Secondary School Success for Students with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students approach the transition to secondary school with feelings of both excitement and apprehension, but it is excitement that usually prevails. For students with Asperger's Syndrome, however, those aspects of secondary school that most students anticipate with great enthusiasm, such as being in a new and larger environment, having…

Konza, Deslea

2005-01-01

318

The Effectiveness of Selective and Non-Selective Schools: An Experiment of Nature.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive or nonselective schools have been in existence in the United Kingdom for over 40 years, having gradually replaced the old selective system of grammar schools for able pupils and secondary modern schools for less able pupils. In spite of their growth in numbers, comprehensive schools have been subject to continual controversy, and…

Reynolds, David

319

Implementing a free school-based fruit and vegetable programme: barriers and facilitators experienced by pupils, teachers and produce suppliers in the Boost study  

PubMed Central

Background Multi-component interventions which combine educational and environmental strategies appear to be most effective in increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in adolescents. However, multi-component interventions are complex to implement and often poorly implemented. Identification of barriers and facilitators for implementation is warranted to improve future interventions. This study aimed to explore implementation of two intervention components which addressed availability and accessibility of FV in the multi-component, school-based Boost study which targeted FV intake among Danish 13-year-olds and to identify barriers and facilitators for implementation among pupils, teachers and FV suppliers. Methods We conducted focus group interviews with 111 13-year-olds and 13 teachers, completed class observations at six schools, and conducted telephone interviews with all involved FV suppliers. Interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed using qualitative analytical procedures. Results FV suppliers affected the implementation of the FV programme at schools and thereby pupils’ intake through their timing of delivery and through the quality, quantity and variety of the delivered FV. Teachers influenced the accessibility and appearance of FV by deciding if and when the pupils could eat FV and whether FV were cut up. Different aspects of time acted as barriers for teachers’ implementation of the FV programme: time spent on having a FV break during lessons, time needed to prepare FV and time spent on pupils’ misbehaviour and not being able to handle getting FV. Teacher timing of cutting up and serving FV could turn into a barrier for pupils FV intake due to enzymatic browning. The appearance of FV was important for pupils’ intake, especially for girls. FV that did not appeal to the pupils e.g. had turned brown after being cut up were thrown around as a part of a game by the pupils, especially boys. Girls appreciated the social dimension of eating FV together to a larger extent than boys. Conclusions Limited time and pupils’ misbehaviour were barriers for teachers’ implementation. Establishing FV delivery to schools as a new routine challenged FV suppliers’ implementation. Food aesthetics were important for most pupils’ FV intake while the social dimension of eating FV together seemed more important to girls than boys. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11666034. PMID:24512278

2014-01-01

320

The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

2013-12-01

321

Relationship among School Size, School Culture and Students' Achievement at Secondary Level in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to determine the relationship among school size, school culture and students' achievement at secondary level in Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach: The study was descriptive (survey type). It was conducted on a sample of 90 secondary school head teachers and 540 primary, elementary and high school teachers working in…

Ahmad Salfi, Naseer; Saeed, Muhammad

2007-01-01

322

The Influence of Personal Characteristics on Secondary School Teachers' Beliefs about School Guidance and Counselling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigated how personal characteristics of secondary school teachers influence their beliefs about their school guidance and counselling programs. Two hundred and sixteen senior secondary school teachers responded to the "Teachers Beliefs about School Guidance and Counselling Programs Inventory (TBSG &CI)". When teachers' opinion…

Aluede, Oyaziwo; Egbochuku, ELizabeth

2007-01-01

323

Public Education Resources and Pupil Performance Models.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report details three models quantifying the relationships between educational means (resources) and ends (pupil achievements) to analyze resource allocation problems within school districts: (1) the Pupil Performance Model; (2) the Goal Programming Model; and (3) the Operational Structure of a School and Pupil Performance Model. These models…

Spottheim, David; And Others

324

Taking Risks with Literature: An Exploration into the Resilience of Pupil Responses to the Study of a Challenging Text at GCSE  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores and compares the impact of studying a challenging literary text at GCSE on pupils with and without learning difficulties. It is based on the findings of a qualitative classroom-based research project that analysed taped pupil conversations to measure the resilience of the response of secondary school students to reading…

Erricker, Katherine

2014-01-01

325

Putting Pupils' Needs First.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper points out contradictions in a British government report titled "Discipline in Schools" (the Elton Report), and highlights undesirable consequences of recent legal and administrative changes in education. The paper argues that the needs of pupils with emotional and behavioral difficulties would be better met using school-based…

Cooper, Paul; Upton, Graham

1991-01-01

326

Learning: The pupil's voice  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summaries are given of research on the learner's role in learning and pupils' attitudes to school and it is argued that few studies have collected the views of young children on learning. This provides the rationale for a pilot study which probed the perceptions of a sample of 44 Year 2 and Year 6 children in schools in and around

Bet McCallum; Eleanore Hargreaves; Caroline Gipps

2000-01-01

327

Laser experiments for the secondary school classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Laser Applications in Science Education (LASE) project at San Jose State University explores the use of HeNe and visible diode lasers as key teaching tools for an introductory, inquiry-based, precollege laboratory course in electro-optics. Since 1990, National Science Foundation grants and cost-sharing funds from industrial supporters have allowed over one hundred elementary, middle, and high school teachers to attend workshops designed to show the teachers how to present the course material later to their students as prescribed exercises. This experience then leads the students into open-ended 'menus' of further things to try, and perhaps publish their results in the project journal LASE LOG or compete in science fairs. This paper describes course content (set experiments and menus) ranging from laser surveying, refractive index measurements, fiber optics, lenses, scanning and chopping systems, irradiance measurements, polarization, diffraction, visible diode lase construction, and holography. The place of such a course, both potential and realized, in secondary education is also discussed.

Williams, Gareth T.

1995-10-01

328

Leadership styles in secondary school science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparison of United States secondary school science teachers who mentor high quality student research and teachers who do not mentor research was conducted using a demographic survey and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Form 5X. The major demographic difference between the two groups was a significantly greater number of years of teaching experience in the research group, a factor that correlated significantly with Extra Effort in students. Research group teachers self-reported higher mean scores than non-research group teachers on the five transformational leadership scales plus the transactional scale of Contingent Reward; however, a Multivariate Analysis of Variance found no significant difference between the groups. Independent t-tests found no significant difference between the groups based upon the remaining transactional scales. The research group was found to be significantly higher on the outcome variable of Extra Effort generated by students while the non-research group rated themselves significantly higher on Satisfaction of students. Transformational leadership in teachers should be addressed by future studies as a possible method of identifying motivational teachers.

Lawson, Michael A.

329

Sparking up — smoking and style in school  

Microsoft Academic Search

THE sociological concept of style has been employed to explore the social significance of cigarette smok ing to adolescent school pupils. A qualitative case study in one secondary school was undertaken to explore the phenomenon. Smoking was found to be an important source of self-esteem and fraternity to pupils who saw themselves as being in conflict with the authority of

John Nash

1987-01-01

330

The Culture of Sexual Harassment in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The frequency, severity, and consequences of sexual harassment in American secondary schools was studied using 1993 survey data of 1,203 students in grades 8-11 from 79 public schools. Overall, 83% of females and 60% of males reported they received unwanted sexual advances in school. (MAK)

Lee, Valerie E.; Croninger, Robert G.; Linn, Eleanor; Chen, Xianglei

1996-01-01

331

Building Type Basics for Elementary and Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides the essential information architects need to fast-start a school design process and shares what leading architects have learned about elementary and secondary school design. It provides critical information on the process, potential problems, design concerns, and recent trends in school design, along with complete coverage of…

Perkins, Bradford

332

Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx  

E-print Network

Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science In this paper we examine the current computer science curriculum in elementary schools and identify its shortcomings. We then presents a new approach to teaching computer science at the elementary school level. We

Proulx, Viera K.

333

Teachers’ Attitudes Towards Disruptive Behaviour in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey was carried out of the opinions of a sample of management and pastoral care staff in six Scottish secondary schools with respect to the issue of disruptive behaviour in schools. Overall the respondents tended to see factors in the home as being the most important causes of disruptive behaviour but they saw school?based strategies as the responses most

William S. Maxwell

1987-01-01

334

The Culture of Sexual Harassment in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the frequency, severity, and consequences of sexual harassment in American secondary schools, using 1993 survey data from a nationally representative sample of 1,203 8th to 11th graders in 79 public schools. We found that 83% of girls and 60% of boys receive unwanted sexual attention in school. Except for gender, social background is unrelated to either the

Valerie E. Lee; Robert G. Croninger; Eleanor Linn; Xianglei Chen

1996-01-01

335

Challenges of the Secondary School Context for Inclusive Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Senate and State Government reviews into inclusion in Australian schools during the last two decades have revealed that the inclusion of students with disabilities in schools has proved challenging. A qualitative study involving interviews with 50 leaders in inclusive education suggest that currently the secondary school context is a barrier to…

Pearce, Michelle; Gray, Jan; Campbell-Evans, Glenda

2010-01-01

336

Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to…

Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Van Loan, Christopher L.; Barber, Brian R.

2011-01-01

337

Administrator Perceptions of Transition Programs in International Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which transition programs are offered to students at international secondary schools. Components of professional development, orientation and departure programs, and transition support teams were examined. Participants included school administrators at 11 international schools across five continents. Findings…

Bates, Jessica

2013-01-01

338

Working with "Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning" (SEAL): Associations with School Ethos, Pupil Social Experiences, Attendance, and Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A programme of resources and activities relating to "Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning" (SEAL) has been rolled out nationally to primary and secondary schools in the UK, but we know little about how variations in the implementation of this work relate to key indicators of school success. In the present study, a team of experienced…

Banerjee, Robin; Weare, Katherine; Farr, William

2014-01-01

339

The Contrast Between Title I and Non-Title I Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problem addressed in this paper is to compare the schools identified as participating in Title I, 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act programs, with those identified as not participating in Title I, with regard to percentage of pupils on welfare, number of target group pupils, percentage of pupils reading below grade level, percentage of…

Fortune, Jim C.; Hutchinson, Thomas E.

340

Choice Paths in the Swedish Upper Secondary Education--A Critical Discourse Analysis of Recent Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Decentralisation policy in Sweden emphasises school capitation allowance, the local upper secondary schools' decision-making and pupils' choices in contrast to previous bureaucratic governing. The aim of this article is to discuss how pupils' educational choice paths are a part of the different kinds of integration and differentiation processes…

Lund, Stefan

2008-01-01

341

Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Social Valorization among Pupils and the Effect on Teachers' Judgments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is transposed from a work context, in which it was developed, to secondary school. Two studies test the assumption of a social valorization of OCB declaration in a school context. In Study 1, 445 pupils (sixth-graders to ninth-graders) answered an OCB questionnaire,…

Esnard, Catherine; Jouffre, Stephane

2008-01-01

342

National Testing of Pupils in Europe: Objectives, Organisation and Use of Results. Italy 2009  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The evaluation at Italian Primary and Lower Secondary school levels in Italy is mainly defined by the continuous assessment performed by teachers. It is based on both the oral and written pupils' outputs, on the fulfilment of school projects and on the assignment and carrying out of homeworks. It may be both a formative assessment and/or a…

Ricci, Roberto

2009-01-01

343

The Effect of Group Orientated Classroom Management Procedures on Individual Pupils  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This study was designed to test the hypothesis that group orientated classroom management procedures may achieve their apparent success merely by raising still further the on?task behaviour of non?troublesome pupils. To this end, 1812?13 year old pupils in a secondary school remedial class were observed and their individual levels of on?task behaviour recorded. The class teacher's use of approval

E. McNamara; A. Harrop; F. Owen

1987-01-01

344

Secondary Trauma in Children and School Personnel  

Microsoft Academic Search

A review of childhood secondary trauma is presented. Secondary trauma involves the transfer and acquisition of negative affective and dysfunctional cognitive states due to prolonged and extended contact with others, such as family members, who have been traumatized. As such, secondary trauma refers to a spread of trauma reactions from the victim to those who have close contact with the

Robert W. Motta

2012-01-01

345

Oblici ucenicke samouprava o skolskoj praski (Forms of Pupils' Self-Management in School Practice). Pupils' Self-Management (Part 4, Chapter 5).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is an English-language abstract (approximately 1,500 words) of a book which deals with the inception and development of pupils' self-management (student government) from the earliest times to the present. It opens with a general review of developments. Student government in the United States is discussed in the second part. Part…

Leko, I.

346

The Availability and Utilization of School Library Resources in Some Selected Secondary Schools (High School) in Rivers State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the availability and utilization of school library resources by Secondary School (High School) Students. Eight Selected Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria were chosen based on their performance in external examinations and geographic locations. In carrying out the research, questionnaires were administered to both…

Owate, C. N.; Iroha, Okpa

2013-01-01

347

Contrasting Knowledge for Elementary and Secondary Mathematics Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes and analyses two mathematics lessons, one with very young pupils, about subtraction, the other for lower secondary school pupils, about gradients [slopes] and graphs. The focus of the analysis is on teacher knowledge, and on the fundamental mathematical and mathematics-pedagogical prerequisites that underpin teaching these…

Rowland, Tim

2012-01-01

348

School Size and Pupil Costs, Reviewed for 1979-80. 1980 APS Planning Document 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The ninth annual report on optimal school size for New Mexico's Albuquerque Public Schools presents enrollment and cost figures for the district's elementary, middle, and high schools and for its special education programs. From these data are drawn the minimum school size for economic operation and the maximum school size for effective learning…

Albuquerque Public Schools, NM.

349

Getting Books to School Pupils in Africa: Case Studies from Ghana and Tanzania, Mali, South Africa, Mozambique, and Kenya. Education Research Paper.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

One of the fundamental requirements of all educational systems is the adequate provision of relevant and appropriate reading and other instructional and learning materials for use by teachers and their pupils. A study examined some of the modalities through which the school population in Africa gains access to supplementary reading materials and…

Rosenberg, Diana, Ed.

350

Pupils' Perceptions of Foreign Language Learning in the Primary School--Findings from the Key Stage 2 Language Learning Pathfinder Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents findings on pupil attitudes towards learning foreign languages in Key Stage 2 (ages 7-11) in primary schools in England. As a consequence of the National Languages Strategy, the University of Warwick was commissioned by the then Department for Education and Skills to undertake an evaluation between 2003 and 2005 of 19…

Martin, Cynthia

2012-01-01

351

AN ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTS OF LOCAL CULTURES ON SPORTS PARTICIPATION BY DISABLED PUPILS IN MASVINGO URBAN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ZIMBABWE  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigated the influence of local cultures or superstitions on pupils with physical disabilities' participation in sports and the Physical Education curriculum. The main purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which the invisible hand of culture impedes the implementation of the inclusive policy in primary schools in Zimbabwe. The data to address the research questions

Mudyahoto Tapiwa; Mswazie Jonathan

2013-01-01

352

"Not Everyone Is Cut out to Be the Entrepreneur Type": How Finnish School Teachers Construct the Meaning of Entrepreneurship Education and the Related Abilities of the Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study set out to explore how a group of Finnish school teachers constructs the meaning of entrepreneurship education and produces related characterizations of the abilities of the pupils in their interviews. In their discussions, the teachers deployed the discourses of "internal entrepreneurship" and "external entrepreneurship".…

Korhonen, Maija; Komulainen, Katri; Raty, Hannu

2012-01-01

353

The Usual Suspects: Alcohol, Tobacco and Other Drug Use in 15-To 16-Year-Old School Pupils--Prevalence, Feelings and Perceived Health Risks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings of a five-year study of year-11 pupils (15?16 years old), based on a sample drawn from seven schools in the North West of England. It examines: use, feelings about close friend's use and perceptions of the health-related risks of specific drugs. The findings conform with those examining other similar populations,…

Roy, Alastair: Wibberley, Christopher; Lamb, Jon

2005-01-01

354

Evaluation of the Physical Components in Algerian High-School Pupils (16-19 Years): Determination of the Somatotype in Relation to Choice of Sports Activity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore the somatotype of Algerian high-school pupils of 16-19 years old. Various works in the field of sport have shown that athletic performance is a result of multiple factors that could be classified under psychological, physiological and physical. This last factor relates to the physical aspects. It gathers anthropometric…

Sebbane, M.; Remaoun, M.; Harchaoui, Y.; Abdelkader, A.; Karrou, M.

2009-01-01

355

MIR IN SCHOOL? LESSONS FROM ETHNOGRAPHIC OBSERVATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL MUSIC CLASSES  

E-print Network

MIR IN SCHOOL? LESSONS FROM ETHNOGRAPHIC OBSERVATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL MUSIC CLASSES Dan Stowell and Simon Dixon Centre for Digital Music, Queen Mary University of London dan an ethnographic study of music lessons in secondary schools in London, UK. The purpose is to understand better how

Dixon, Simon

356

Organizational Climate of Elementary Schools and Reading Achievement of Sixth Grade Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Concludes that there is a strong positive relationship between an elementary school's organizational climate (whether the school is "open" or "closed") and student reading performance, with achievement being greater in the more open schools. (FL)

Mikkelsen, Vincent P.; Joyner, Wilton

1982-01-01

357

FIRST LEVEL ARABIC, ELEMENTARY LITERARY ARABIC FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION REPRESENTS A 1-YEAR COURSE IN LITERARY ARABIC FOR THE SECONDARY SCHOOL LEVEL. AN AUDIOLINGUAL APPROACH IS TAKEN, EMPHASIZING, AT FIRST, ORAL COMMUNICATION AND CORRECT PRONUNCIATION, AND INTRODUCING ARABIC SCRIPT AFTER SPOKEN LANGUAGE ELEMENTS ARE MASTERED. (GD)

MCCARUS, ERNEST N.; RAMMUNY, RAJI M.

358

Educational Strategies for Gifted Students in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a national survey conducted in 1983 that investigated teachers', administrators', and parents' preferred strategies for educating gifted secondary school students; reviews related program evaluation data, particularly as regards accelerated courses and independent study programs. (MCG)

Gallagher, James J.

1985-01-01

359

Secondary-School Earth Science: A Column for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six secondary school teachers describe their most successful earth science investigations. They include various outdoor field activities, road-map reading skills, student-prepared and conducted investigations, and use of several materials for studying volcanoes. (JN)

Christman, Robert

1984-01-01

360

A secondary school course in family psychology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this project is a course in family psychology for high school juniors and seniors. The teaching of psychology in the high school can trace its origins back over a century and has become increasingly widespread over the past several decades. Psychology as a subject is now offered in the majority of high schools. This has been recognized

Carolyn Fried Sutton

1992-01-01

361

Towards Sustainability at a Secondary Comprehensive School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the development of sustainability at Ringwood School in Hampshire between 2005 and 2010 using two different routes. The author, herself a scientist and sustainability coordinator at the school, shows how the school has explored a range of initiatives, starting with those most straightforward for a biologist and culminating in…

Hickman, Gill

2010-01-01

362

Leadership Forces in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An attempt was made to formulate a theoretical framework of leadership forces in school organisations, which includes bureaucratic linkage, cultural linkage, tight coupling and loose coupling. Two instruments, the School Values Inventory (SVI) and the Teachers' School Life Questionnaire (TSLQ), were created and developed for this study to assess…

Pang, Nicholas Sun Keung

2010-01-01

363

Evaluating HIV\\/AIDS education programmes in Ugandan secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although not part of the national curriculum until 2004, HIV\\/AIDS education has been taught for some time in Ugandan secondary schools through a variety of extracurricular means, including the media, youth groups, drama, music, and Parent–Teacher Associations. This article identifies and evaluates the integration of HIV\\/AIDS information into the national curriculum in Ugandan secondary schools between 2002 and 2004, based

W. James Jacob; Stacey S. Mosman; Steven J. Hite; Donald E. Morisky; Yusuf K. Nsubuga

2007-01-01

364

Swedish high-school pupils' attitudes towards drugs in relation to drug usage, impulsiveness and other risk factors.  

PubMed

Background. Illicit drug use influences people's lives and elicits unwanted behaviour. Current research shows that there is an increase in young people's drug use in Sweden. The aim was to investigate Swedish high-school pupils' attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Risk and protective factors relative to drug use were also a focus of interest. Method. High school pupils (n = 146) aged 17-21 years, responded to the Adolescent Health and Development Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and Knowledge, and the Attitudes and Beliefs. Direct logistic, multiple regression analyses, and Multivariate Analysis of Variance were used to analyze the data. Results. Positive Attitudes towards drugs were predicted by risk factors (odds ratio = 37.31) and gender (odds ratio = .32). Risk factors (odds ratio = 46.89), positive attitudes towards drugs (odds ratio = 4.63), and impulsiveness (odds ratio = 1.11) predicted drug usage. Risk factors dimensions Family, Friends and Individual Characteristic were positively related to impulsiveness among drug users. Moreover, although boys reported using drugs to a greater extent, girls expressed more positive attitude towards drugs and even reported more impulsiveness than boys. Conclusion. This study reinforces the notion that research ought to focus on gender differences relative to pro-drug attitudes along with testing for differences in the predictors of girls' and boys' delinquency and impulsiveness. Positive attitudes towards drugs among adolescents seem to be part of a vicious circle including risk factors, such as friendly drug environments (e.g., friends who use drugs) and unsupportive family environments, individual characteristics, and impulsiveness. PMID:24949233

Mousavi, Fariba; Garcia, Danilo; Jimmefors, Alexander; Archer, Trevor; Ewalds-Kvist, Béatrice

2014-01-01

365

Pennies from Heaven? Using Exogeneous Tax Variation to Identify Effects of School Resources on Pupil Achievements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Despite important policy implications associated with the allocation of education resources, evidence on the effectiveness of school inputs remains inconclusive. In part, this is due to endogenous allocation; families sort themselves non-randomly into school districts and school districts allocate money based in order to compensate (or reinforce) differences in child abilities, which leaves estimates of school input effects likely to

Kjell Gunnar Salvanes

2007-01-01

366

The Secondary School/University Interface.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two surveys taken in Ontario, Canada, in 1970 and 1978 covering university instructor assessment of incoming student preparedness, secondary teacher attitudes, and student evaluation of two secondary geography courses. Journal available from Mrs. Helen Horner, Box 438, Postal Station "O", Toronto, M4A 2P1, Ontario. (CK)

Helleiner, F. M.

1979-01-01

367

Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

2005-01-01

368

Integration of Informal Music Technologies in Secondary School Music Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary

Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon

2014-01-01

369

A longitudinal study of sick building syndrome among pupils in relation to microbial components in dust in schools in China.  

PubMed

There are few longitudinal studies on sick building syndrome (SBS), which include ocular, nasal, throat, and dermal symptoms, headache, and fatigue. We studied the associations between selected microbial components, fungal DNA, furry pet allergens, and incidence and remission of SBS symptoms in schools in Taiyuan, China. The study was based on a two-year prospective analysis in pupils (N=1143) in a random sample of schools in China. Settled dust in the classrooms was collected by vacuum cleaning and analyzed for lipopolysaccharide (LPS), muramic acid (MuA), and ergosterol (Erg). Airborne dust was collected in Petri dishes and analyzed for cat and dog allergens and fungal DNA. The relationship between the concentration of allergens and microbial compounds and new onset of SBS was analyzed by multi-level logistic regression. The prevalence of mucosal and general symptoms was 33% and 28%, respectively, at baseline, and increased during follow-up. At baseline, 27% reported at least one symptom that improved when away from school (school-related symptoms). New onset of mucosal symptoms was negatively associated with concentration of MuA, total LPS, and shorter lengths of 3-hydroxy fatty acids from LPS, C14, C16, and C18. Onset of general symptoms was negatively associated with C18 LPS. Onset of school-related symptoms was negatively associated with C16 LPS, but positively associated with total fungal DNA. In general, bacterial compounds (LPS and MuA) seem to protect against the development of mucosal and general symptoms, but fungal exposure measured as fungal DNA could increase the incidence of school-related symptoms. PMID:21943723

Zhang, Xin; Zhao, Zhuohui; Nordquist, Tobias; Larsson, Lennart; Sebastian, Aleksandra; Norback, Dan

2011-11-15

370

The Voice of the Pupils: An Experimental Comparison of Decisions Made by Elected Pupil Councils, Pupils in Referenda, and Teaching Staff  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article tests whether the form of decision-making used in school environments affects pupils' views on the legitimacy of the decisions made, and of the decision-making procedure. Building on political science theory on democratic decision-making, it compares pupils' reactions towards decisions made by pupil councils, by pupils via referendum,…

Gilljam, Mikael; Esaiasson, Peter; Lindholm, Torun

2010-01-01

371

The Colour Of The Stars And The Pupils In The Kindergarten And The Primary School  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A collaboration between the author of this article and the 7th Primary school of Naousa has been established eight years ago. It started with the kindergarten of the school and has been extended to the other classes of the school, as well as to other primary schools in Naousa, including the school with physically and mentally handicapped children. The collaboration with the kindergarten has as a result the production of some handicrafts, paintings or even theatrical plays. Last school year's project was the colour of the stars and the product was a year calendar with paintings of planets, star clusters, nebulae and stars.

Tomboulides, Hariton

2006-08-01

372

Metaphors Developed by Secondary School Students towards "Earthquake" Concept  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to reveal the metaphors of Secondary school students about "earthquake" concept. About 105 students in two schools in Karabuk city centre participated in the research within 2009-2010 academic year. The research Data were obtained by students' completing the statement "Earthquake is like..., because...". Content…

Kaya, Huseyin

2010-01-01

373

Ambiguous Legacy: Instituting Student Diversity at a Spanish Secondary School  

Microsoft Academic Search

Critical ethnographic inquiry guides this examination of the ways in which a group of experienced teachers at an urban secondary school in Spain have responded to a series of new regulations of their practice in the context of markedly increased student diversity at the school. The analysis centers on the ideological stances represented and produced through the educators’ discourse and

Cathryn Teasley

2005-01-01

374

Bullying in Scottish Secondary Schools. SCRE Spotlights 23.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Pursuant to a European teachers' seminar on bullying in school held in Stavangar, Norway in 1987, a comparative research project in Scotland identified variations in the incidence of bullying in Scottish secondary schools and investigated and described successful coping strategies. Bullying was defined as "long standing violence, mental or…

Mellor, Andrew

375

Central Park East Secondary School: Teaching and Learning through Freire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article connects the theoretical perspective of Paulo Freire's Pedagogy of the Oppressed with the teaching and learning styles of teachers and students at Central Park East Secondary School (CPESS) in East Harlem, New York. It examines some of the ways the Freireian model has worked within the public school system and considers some of the…

Tyner-Mullings, Alia R.

2012-01-01

376

Establishing a Self-Access Centre in a Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on establishing and running a Self-Access Centre (SAC) in a secondary school in Hong Kong. The impetus for establishing the SAC came from new government curriculum guidelines with a focus on promoting greater autonomy for school students in their English language education. The approach taken in establishing the SAC was to…

Miller, Lindsay; Shuk-Ching, Elza Tsang; Hopkins, Mark

2007-01-01

377

Improving the Utilisation of Management Information Systems in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most secondary schools do use management information systems (MISs), these systems tend not to be used to support higher order managerial activities but are currently primarily used for clerical purposes. This situation is unsatisfactory as MISs fully utilised could offer invaluable support to schools, which are increasingly being granted…

Bosker, R. J.; Branderhorst, E. M.; Visscher, A. J.

2007-01-01

378

Quid Pro Quo? Initial Teacher Education in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The trend towards giving British secondary schools a fuller role in initial teacher education (ITE) has been gathering pace for much of the second half of this century. The impetuses driving this development have been partly professional and partly political. However, a recent political initiative (Circular 9\\/92, Department for Education, 1992) precipitated the development of school?based ITE beyond what the

Val Brooks; Sue Barker; Peter Swatton

1997-01-01

379

Economic Change, Educational Needs, and Secondary School Reform in Sweden  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines educational trends and economic change in Swedish secondary schools since 1960. Topics discussed include job structure, labor needs, labor organizations, curriculum reform, objectives of the nine-year basic school, aptitude and achievement, vocational versus academic courses, and instructional innovation. (Author/DB)

Willmann, Bodo

1977-01-01

380

Public School Choice. Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To achieve President Obama's stated goal of making increased expectations for students and schools a national priority, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). The new "ESEA" will support effective public school

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

381

A Systematic Evaluation of Learning Objects for Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Empirical research evaluating the effectiveness of learning objects is noticeably absent. No formal research has been done on the use of learning objects in secondary schools. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of learning objects by high school students. The evaluation metric used to assess benefits and quality of learning objects…

Kay, Robin

2007-01-01

382

The Role of Alternative Education Programs in American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to explore the various types of alternative programs offered in American secondary schools, the ways in which they differ from traditional programs, and their success in educating their students, particularly those classified as at risk. The question "Should students have a choice of schools?" is examined in annotated…

Urbach, Sherry

383

1980 Elementary and Secondary Schools Civil Rights Survey, National Summaries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This national summary of data on the characteristics of students in United States public schools is based on results of Fall 1980 Elementary and Secondary Schools Civil Rights Survey. Table 1 presents national projections of survey data on rates of enrollment, disciplinary measures imposed, participation in special and bilingual education…

DBS Corp., Arlington, VA.

384

Classroom Management: Help for the Beginning Secondary School Teacher  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Beginning secondary school teachers need support. Although no panacea is available for assuring successful classroom practice, the authors provide suggestions resulting from thirty plus years experience as classroom teachers, school administrators, and university professors. These suggestions focus on classroom management, and they include helping…

Palumbo, Anthony; Sanacore, Joseph

2007-01-01

385

Post-Secondary Safe Schools, 1999. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on safety in Minnesota's secondary and postsecondary schools assesses and evaluates the impact of existing laws and programs on school safety and anti-violence and recommends changes in law or policy to increase safety and curb violence. The report is based on a 1995-97 survey of postsecondary students, interviews with campus security…

Minnesota State Office of the Attorney General, St. Paul.

386

The Improvement of Reading in the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended for reading curriculum designers and teachers, this manual presents suggestions for developing a balanced reading program at the junior and senior high school levels. The first section discusses the organization and administration of a secondary school reading program, including the essentials of a balanced program and the evaluation of…

Texas Education Agency, Austin. Div. of Curriculum Development.

387

Building Bridges: Transitions from Elementary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most young people leave elementary school and move into some form of secondary school during early adolescence. At precisely the time that young people are navigating multiple developmental challenges (social, intellectual, academic, physical), they are expected to move between these intuitions of public education. The transition is commonly…

Tilleczek, Kate

2008-01-01

388

Momentum and Kinetic Energy: Confusable Concepts in Secondary School Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and practitioners alike express concerns about the conceptual difficulties associated with the concepts of momentum and kinetic energy currently taught in school physics. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the treatment given to them in 44 published textbooks written for UK secondary school certificate courses. This is set…

Bryce, T. G. K.; MacMillan, K.

2009-01-01

389

The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools. 2010 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive volume offers a snapshot profile of every public school district in the United States serving 1,500 or more students and provides pertinent evaluative and demographic statistics necessary to evaluate educational programs nationwide. "The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools" is a comprehensive compilation…

Grey House Publishing, 2009

2009-01-01

390

Extension and transition programme for secondary school students  

E-print Network

Extension and transition programme for secondary school students STAR at UC School Registration: ................................................................................................ Student's family name Given name(s) Preferred name Course code Note 1: Entry into CHEM 111, CHEM 112, ECON for STAR-Arts distance courses, as specified below. This is usually provided by the relevant subject

Hickman, Mark

391

Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this dissertation was to compare Canadian community colleges with post-secondary vocational schools in Poland. The comparison concentrated upon programs in nursing, tourism and information technology delivered by the following three Polish schools Krakowska Szkola Medyczna, (Cracow, Poland), Policealne Studium Zawodowe, (Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.

2005-01-01

392

Urban Secondary School Students Evaluate Their Reading Program.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In order to structure reading class activities that would motivate secondary school students, a questionnaire was developed and administered to students in two urban junior high school reading programs. The questionnaire elicited student opinions about the reading class activities they liked and disliked, their reading skills, the materials they…

Alexander, Clara Franklin

393

A Secondary Analysis of the Impact of School Management Practices on School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis of the impact of school management practices on school performance utilizing a survey design of School and Staffing (SASS) data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the U.S. Department of Education, 1999-2000. The study identifies those school management…

Talbert, Dale A.

2009-01-01

394

URI WILENSKY STATISTICAL MECHANICS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL  

E-print Network

, is made accessible to these students through the medium of a computer-based modeling environment, NetLogo of a secondary teacher and students constructing and exploring NetLogo models of statistical mech- anical

Wilensky, Uri

395

Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are turning to response to intervention (RTI) models to meet the needs of their students. The promise of RTI is that it will enable schools to better and more efficiently meet the learning needs of a large continuum of students by providing evidence-based schoolwide instruction, supplemental supports, and intensive individualized…

Feuerborn, Laura L.; Sarin, Kathryn; Tyre, Ashli D.

2011-01-01

396

Training for Secondary School Headship in France.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Comprehensive schools are responsible for compulsory education for students from the ages of 6-16 in France. There is a trend to devolve administrative duties from the Central Ministry of Education to the "academies" or regional bodies and to delegate powers to the schools. The responsibilities of the headteacher include making detailed decisions…

Esp, D. G.

397

Climate Control. Secondary School Course Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This course guide is oriented toward developing skills in air conditioning and refrigeration installation and service. Although primarily designed as a 2-year program for high school students at the junior and senior levels, it is equally acceptable for the post high school student as an occupational training program, or as a refresher course for…

DuPlantis, Ernest P.

398

Classics and the Reorganisation of Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With widespread reform of the English grammar and public schools imminent, the development of new structures within the "common" or "comprehensive" schools to assure the continuation of classics and Latin studies is suggested in this booklet. Current educational trends are clarified in articles on: (1) the present situation, (2) the practical…

Morton, D. J.; And Others

399

Combating Student Tobacco Addiction in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Neither health education nor suspension appears to help tobacco-addicted students cut back or stop smoking completely. This article describes a Long Island high school's efforts to help 27 (volunteer) students develop their own smoke-cessation program. Most participants, who had begun smoking in middle school, reduced their tobacco dependency, and…

Fibkins, William L.

1993-01-01

400

Response to Intervention With Secondary School Students With Reading Difficulties  

PubMed Central

The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities with older students with intractable reading disabilities, (c) the reliability, validity, and use of screening and progress monitoring measures with middle school students, and (d) the implications of implementing response to intervention (RTI) practices at the middle school level. The authors provide guidance about prevailing questions about remediating reading difficulties with secondary students and discuss future directions for research using RTI frameworks for students at the secondary level. PMID:22491811

Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

2012-01-01

401

Discussing Discrimination: children's construction of sexism between pupils in primary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Primary school children's interview responses are examined to investigate whether they construct gender as a source of discrimination in their school lives. Their reported experiences and descriptions of sexism in school are discussed, as well as their reports of strategies they employ to cope with or resist it. As social?constructionist analysis is applied to the data, the children's discussion and

Becky Francis

1997-01-01

402

School Size and Pupil Costs Reviewed for 1977-78. 1978 APS Planning Document 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This basic planning document is intended for use by the Albuquerque, New Mexico, board of education and school district administrative staff for educational programming and more effective utilization of school facilities. The results of this study tend to confirm previously established relationships between school population size and the cost of…

Albuquerque Public Schools, NM.

403

Researching Pupils, Schools and Oneself. Teachers as Integrators of Theory and Practice in Initial Teacher Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researching can be viewed as a way of analysing issues of schooling by linking theoretical knowledge with perceptions of educational reality already during teacher education. Not only does practicing teaching provide a context for analysing instruction, learning, school culture, diversity, or any other issue related to schooling, also researching…

Maaranen, Katriina; Krokfors, Leena

2008-01-01

404

Individual School Buildings Do Account for Differences in Measured Pupil Performance. Occasional Paper No. 6.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study it is found that individual school buildings (the complex human social systems found in schools, not the buildings themselves) do affect student performance and achievement. A grade equivalent achievement test (total reading and total math score only) was used to measure achievement of 2,500 Detroit elementary school children in the…

Lezotte, Lawrence W.; Passalacqua, Joseph

405

The Relationship between the Organization Climate of Elementary Schools and Reading Achievement of Third Grade Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted in three city school districts in eastern North Carolina to examine the relationship between the organizational climate of elementary schools and the reading achievement of third grade students. The Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire was given to the staff of ten elementary schools to determine whether the…

Mikkelsen, Vincent P.; Joyner, Wilton

406

Exploring the Impact of Supplementary Schools on Black and Minority Ethnic Pupils’ Mainstream Attainment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports findings from a study commissioned by the (then) Department for Children, Schools and Families. The research mapped the provision, and explored the impact, of supplementary schools and aimed specifically to develop further understanding as to how supplementary schools might raise the attainment of Black and Minority Ethnic…

Maylor, Uvanney; Rose, Anthea; Minty, Sarah; Ross, Alistair; Issa, Tozun; Kuyok, Kuyok Abol

2013-01-01

407

Supporting Pupils with Dyspraxia in the Visual Arts: Does Drawing from Observation Function as an Official and Discriminatory Discourse?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the demands that pupils with dyspraxia may face when engaging with the secondary art and design curriculum in a mainstream secondary school. It explores the possibility that there is an exclusive approach to art and design, prioritising a formalist approach to the teaching of specific skills and mastery of techniques, and…

Penketh, Claire

2007-01-01

408

‘If you don't want to tell anyone else you can tell her’: young people's views on school counselling  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the research was to assess the views of young people about school counselling. In total, 415 pupils from five secondary schools took part in the survey. A smaller number of these pupils took part in focus groups (n=9) to explore their views in more depth. In general, the young people seemed to value having a school counsellor.

Claire L. Fox; Ian Butler

2007-01-01

409

[Use of painkillers by Polish secondary school students and the influence of TV commercials].  

PubMed

This article refers to the results of research conducted in 2008 with financial support (as a grant) of UMCS vice-chancellor. The topic was: Environmental and personal circumstances of taking painkillers available without prescription by secondary school students. 276 high school pupils in Lublin (equivalent of higher grammar-school level in Germany) were examined with a copyright questionnaire to check, among other things, how TV commercials affect taking painkillers. 40.6% of participants take analgesics very often, almost half of them (47.1%) reach for drugs which they know from commercials. 75% of students can indicate at least four examples of specific commercials advertising painkillers. In their depiction of these analgesics by metaphors a great number of analogies with TV advertisements can be found. Those who claim frequent intake of painkillers describe them as 'necessary, essential' (31.3%) or as 'convenient (giving comfort)' (19.6%). At the same time the majority of students (94.6%) is convinced that reaching for painkillers is socially accepted. Such attitude is probably reinforced by ubiquitous advertising of those drugs in Polish media. PMID:20063261

Buczak, A; Lukasik, I M; Witek, A

2010-11-01

410

SECONDARY SCHOOL FAILURE IN TONGA: IMPLICATIONS FOR IN-SERVICE AND PRE-SERVICE TEACHER DEVELOPMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The failure of Tongan secondary school students to achieve a satisfactory outcome from secondary schooling as measured by early school leaving (before the completion of Form 5) and failure in the Tongan School Certificate Examinations has been systematically documented by Tatafu in 1997. His study tracked all the students from a two-year cohort (1989 and 1990) from five secondary schools.

Edward Booth; Michael Wilson

411

Promoting photonics learning and research among secondary school students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As a premier institute of learning in Singapore, The Chinese High School (CHS) is committed to nurturing the high academic achievers in the country to be forerunners and leaders in research, technology, business and government. We have chosen to stimulate our talented young minds by constantly exposing them to new frontiers of knowledge and technology as one would find in photonics. Our strategies of achieving the objectives are the following: (1) Prepare a series of activity-based lessons that cater for all levels, particularly the juniors, so as to get students interested in the subject. (2) Organize talks and seminars by renowned scientists and entrepreneurs to motivate and to expose our pupils to new applications and developments in photonics. (3) Provide the students with top-notch facilities within the campus to encourage and to support more students to do research. (4) Establish strategic alliances with local and international organizations through mentorship, attachment and immersion programs. (5) Encourage teachers to upgrade themselves to keep abreast with the latest developments in photonics through participation in workshops and conferences. (6) Attract talented primary school students with special interest in photonics to join our school. The CHS Photonics Learning and Research Center was set up in 2000. We are very fortunate to continue to obtain full support from the school administration, various professional bodies and institutes of higher learning, be it locally or from abroad, in running our programs.

Lam, Yoong K.; Lim, Tuan-Kay

2002-05-01

412

Economies of Scale and Cost-Quality Relationships in Elementary and Secondary Schools: A Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Within the context of declining enrollment, this paper considers the questions of economies of scale, cost-quality interrelationships, and rigidities in the Ontario school system. From a survey of the pertinent literature, the author concludes that economies of scale are linked to the level, size, and pupil/teacher ratio of a school and operate…

Dawson, D. A.

413

The Best, the Worst and the Average: Secondary School Choice and Education Performance in East London  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper we investigate whether the distance between school and the pupil's home is related to social background in a six borough area of East London. Also investigated is the extent to which schools in the area perform in line with expectations on the basis of the social composition of their intake. The research involves analysis of the…

Butler, Tim; Hamnett, Chris; Ramsden, Mark; Webber, Richard

2007-01-01

414

Physical Education for Inner City Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-part document addresses problems facing teachers of inner-city secondary students. Part 1 discusses the adverse influences of society on the inner city, and their effects on education and physical education. Part 2 focuses on competencies and expertise needed by physical education instructors to work effectively with inner-city students.…

Ridini, Leonard M.; Madden, John E.

415

Secondary Schools Online: Are High School Web Sites Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High schools have traditionally focused on the in-depth instruction of specific subject matter and have served as both a preparatory phase for higher education for some students and an institution that prepares others to enter the workforce. One method to help high schools accomplish these goals is through the creation and maintenance of a school

Hartshorne, Richard; Friedman, Adam; Algozzine, Bob; Isibor, Theresa

2006-01-01

416

65 FR 6302 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education-Public Charter Schools Program (PCSP); Notice...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secondary Education--Public Charter Schools Program; Inviting Applications...Secondary Education--Public Charter Schools Program (PCSP); Notice Inviting...the number of high-quality charter schools available to students...

2000-02-08

417

65 FR 76546 - Office of Elementary and Secondary Education-Public Charter Schools Program (PCSP); Notice...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Secondary Education--Public Charter Schools Program (PCSP); Notice Inviting...Secondary Education--Public Charter Schools Program (PCSP); Notice inviting...the number of high-quality charter schools available to students...

2000-12-06

418

Pupil Membership and Related Information--Fall 1990.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Seven tables and two bar graphs present data concerning pupil membership in Colorado public school districts as of fall 1990. The tables include: state trends in pupil membership from fall 1986 through fall 1990; summary of selected school district data (number of schools, staff, students, pupil/teacher ratios, and dropout rate); fall membership…

Keith, Jo Ann; MacKenzie, Stella

419

How substance use differs among American secondary schools.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to examine (1) the extent to which student drug use and related measures vary among American secondary schools, and (2) how substance use varies among schools by certain school characteristics. Data come from the Monitoring the Future project's annual surveys of nationally representative samples of 8th-, 10th-, and 12th-grade students from 1991 to 2002. The results show that the preponderance of variance in drug use and related variables lies within schools; only a relatively small amount of variance is between schools. Although the variance lies primarily within schools, there remain important school-to-school differences in the extent to which students are exposed to drug use. The analyses of school characteristics show that schools do indeed differ in drug use by their students, particularly by school type, socioeconomic status, and race/ethnicity. Eighth and 10th grade (but not 12th grade) students in public schools are more likely to be cigarette smokers than students in private schools. Students in public middle schools are at higher risk for use of alcohol and marijuana; however, among 12th graders, students in Catholic schools are at higher risk. School size is generally unrelated to substance use, with few exceptions. For the most part, there is a negative association between school socioeconomic status and student substance use among 8th graders; but by 12th grade, the association tends to be positive or not significant. Racial/ethnic composition is significantly associated with student substance use, with majority African American schools typically showing the lowest rates of use at all grades. PMID:16900406

O'Malley, Patrick M; Johnston, Lloyd D; Bachman, Jerald G; Schulenberg, John E; Kumar, Revathy

2006-12-01

420

Citizenship Initiatives and Pupil Values: A Case Study of One Scottish School's Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As the education for citizenship agenda continues to impact on schools, there is a need to discuss and examine the kind of initiatives that can push it forward. In Scotland the proposals should, it is argued, permeate the curriculum throughout the school. Yet there is the fear that the responsibility of all can become the responsibility of none.…

Maitles, Henry

2010-01-01

421

Promoting Inclusive Practices in Primary Schools in Cyprus: Empowering Pupils to Build Supportive Networks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Having ownership of a dream is a core element for school improvement and effectiveness. Believing in the effectiveness of a programme is the beginning of reviving a school's internal capacities for improvement. Any improvement and development programme needs to be inviting and non-threatening, a holistic process involving all stakeholders. In this…

Nicolaidou, Maria; Sophocleous, Antreas; Phtiaka, Helen

2006-01-01

422

Some measurements of mental fatigue in adolescent pupils in evening schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Measured mental fatigue under actual school conditions and with school material [Concluded in Journal. of Edu. Psychol., 1910, Vol 1(2), pp 83-100]. A class of artisans was tested with problems in arithmetics; a class of telegraph messengers with substance memory of a passage of prose; and classes of mixed occupations with shorthand exercises. Each class was divided into two equal

W. H. Winch

1910-01-01

423

The Beliefs and Behaviors of Pupils in an Experimental School: The Science Lab.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet, the second in a series, reports on the results of a year-long research project conducted in an experimental school associated with the Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh. Specifically, this is a report of findings pertaining to one major setting in the experimental school, the science lab. The science…

Lancy, David F.

424

Teachers' and Pupils' Perceptions of the School Nurse in Relation to Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current government in the United Kingdom has made a commitment to reducing the high rates of teenage conceptions and sexually transmitted infections by implementing various sexual health strategies. It emphasises an increased public health role for school nurses by identifying that they have access to the school-age population and the…

Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

2009-01-01

425

Diversity, Deprivation and the Common Good: Pupil Attainment in Catholic Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite there being significant numbers of state maintained Catholic schools in England, they have until recently proved to be of interest only to a minority of researchers, usually those directly involved in their promotion. New Government initiatives encouraging further diversity in the provision of schools have proved controversial and, in…

Morris, Andrew B.

2005-01-01

426

Off-Reservation Boarding School Survey.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigating the Bureau of Indian Affairs' (BIA) boarding schools, a survey team of researchers in law, accounting, education, and psychology gathered data from the 18 BIA off-reservation boarding schools (3 elementary, 12 secondary, and 3 post secondary schools). Data were utilized to examine: student characteristics; teacher-pupil ratios;…

Underwood, George W.

427

Evaluation of High School Programme for Gifted Pupils in Physics and Sciences in Serbia - Experience in Regional Cooperation -- SEENET-MTP Network  

E-print Network

The "High school class for students with special abilities in physics" was founded in Nis, Serbia (http://tesla.pmf.ni.ac.rs/f_odeljenje/) in 2003. The basic aim of this project has been introducing a broadened curriculum of physics, mathematics, computer science, as well as chemistry and biology. Now, eight years after establishing of this specialized class, we present analyses of the pupils' skills in solving rather problem oriented test, as PISA test, and compare their results with the results of pupils who study under standard curricula. Also, an external evaluation conducted more recently, shows that Special physics class students performed higher on science knowledge test in comparison with students from control groups (grammar school and special math class students). Establishing of the Special physics class as an interesting educational experiment and its development has been connected, in a sense, with activities of the Southeastern European Network in Mathematical and Theoretical Physics. We present...

Djordjevic, Goran S; Stankovic, Jelena

2011-01-01

428

Construction Carpentry. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document is intended to help construction carpentry instructors in the State of Truk, Truk, Federated States of Micronesia, to prepare their senior high school students uniformly to design and build residential structures capable of withstanding typhoons. Because of the threat of typhoons, the carpentry curriculum contained in the guide has a…

Tellei, Patrick U.

429

Outline on Secondary School Moral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moral education is political, ideological, moral, and psychological quality education conducted for students. It plays a decisive and guiding role in upholding the socialist nature of schools, assuring the correct political direction in cultivating talent, and promoting the all-around development of students. Guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong…

Chinese Education and Society, 2006

2006-01-01

430

Spacemathematics: A Resource for Secondary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to serve as a supplement for high school level mathematics, this publication contains activities which aim to enhance mathematical knowledge and skills and to assist students in understanding aerospace technology and its achievements. This volume updates an earlier supplement that was published in 1972. Problems are grouped into chapters…

Kastner, Bernice

431

Best Practices for Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent wave of accountability reform movements has largely overlooked the needs of middle and high school counselors, yet has generated daunting pressure for guidance programs to be standards-based and data-driven. Written from the perspective of a practicing, certified counselor, this guide contains essential information needed to implement…

Shelton, Carla F.; James, Edward L.

2004-01-01

432

Planning Guide for Secondary School Music Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide focuses on the fundamental requirements for planning and designing school music suites. The guide provides brief explanations of critical factors affecting music suites so that music directors and other stakeholders can more quickly and clearly communicate music area fundamentals to architects and administrators. Topics cover…

Wenger Corp., Owatonna, MN.

433

Community Expectations and the Secondary School Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reacts to public criticism by reassessing the role of Australian public school education. It recounts the philosophical traditions that have separated instruction and teaching professionals from the realities of the present economy. The paper concludes by suggesting that not only is public input into curricular reform needed, but that…

Collins, C. W.

434

Improving Student Services in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No single comprehensive student services delivery model exists, and "student services" terminology remains problematic. The Office of Student Services has defined student services as those services provided by educational institutions to facilitate learning and the successful transition from school to work, military, or more education. To be…

Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn; Cunanan, Esmeralda S.

1995-01-01

435

Readability and Science Worksheets in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Applying the concept of ‘readability’ the study examines by means of a questionnaire the claims made by science teachers about the way they write and use science worksheets. It proceeds to validate these claims against an analysis of worksheets collected from schools in the area from which the teacher sample was taken. On the whole the claims which teachers make,

David Reid

1984-01-01

436

Norwegian Secondary School Teachers and ICT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ICT is meant to be integrated in all subjects in Norwegian schools; nevertheless many teachers are reluctant to use ICT in their own teaching. This paper explores to what extent teachers use ICT in their classroom teaching and what teacher-level factors influence the use of ICT. It draws on an analysis of 10 focus-group interviews with 10 teachers…

Wikan, Gerd; Molster, Terje

2011-01-01

437

Helwan University Project Developing Primary School Pupils' Abilities and Skills at Some Egyptian Underprivileged Areas (Slums). (Field Study)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Through directing concerted efforts and educational services of seven Faculties of Helwan University towards socially underprivileged pupils in slum areas (EL-Marg area in big Cairo) this research project had two main aims: firstly, modifying a set of arbitrary behaviors of those pupils, in a trial to develop some behavior skills associated with…

El-Tayeb, Mahmoud N.; El Nashar, Mohamed; Zeid, Mai M.; El-Sayed, Magda; Ramadan, Mohamed A.; Hamdi, Safia M.; El-Affy, Nabila; Ebeid, Amina K.; El-Marasi, Sonia S.; Abou-Elmahty, Maher

2010-01-01

438

LONGITUDINAL ANALYSIS OF PUPIL PROGRESS IN A PUBLIC SCHOOL. (PRESENTED AT--AMERICAN EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH ASSOCIATION, FEBRUARY 10, 1965.)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A STUDY WAS MADE TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH SCORES REPRESENTING PUPILS' STATUS ON CERTAIN DEVELOPMENTAL FACTORS CAN PREDICT THE ACHIEVEMENT IN READING, ARITHMETIC, AND THE MEDIAN OF THE BATTERY OF ACHIEVEMENT TESTS. THE STUDY COVERED A PERIOD OF 4 YEARS DURING WHICH THE SAME GROUP OF PUPILS WAS STUDIED IN THE THIRD, FOURTH, FIFTH, AND SIXTH…

BROWN, ROSCOE C.; HENDERSON, EDWARD

439

Effect of a Physical Education Teacher's Disability on High School Pupils' Learning and Perceptions of Teacher Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: To date, most of the work done by those who do research in adapted sport pedagogy (a sub-discipline of sport pedagogy focused on modified forms of physical education that address the needs of pupils with disabilities) has focused on the experience of pupils with disabilities and relatively little work has examined the difficulties…

Bryant, Lance G.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew

2009-01-01

440

Principals and School Reform: Barriers to Inclusion in Three Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses explanatory case studies to examine three midwestern secondary schools' adoption of inclusion, based on Michael Fullan's views concerning the principal's pivotal role in school reform efforts. Findings support Fullan's perspectives and indicate lack of understanding about inclusion. Although the schools claimed to have implemented inclusive…

Powell, Donna; Hyle, Adrienne E.

1997-01-01

441

Portraits of High Schools. A Supplement to High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles of selected high schools represent part of the research done in preparation for the Carnegie Foundation's report, High Schools: A Report on Secondary Education in America. The testimony and behavior of youths and adults in real schools, and detailed descriptions of representative institutions, reflect the major themes of the report. These…

Perrone, Vito

442

School Bullying and the Mental Health of Junior Secondary School Students in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the phenomenon of school bullying and its effect on the mental health of junior secondary school students in Hong Kong. The participants (N = 364, mean age = 13.55) reported on a survey that included a bullying scale, the Chinese General Health Questionnaire-30, and a psychosocial scale. Verbal bullying was the most frequently performed and experienced school

Josephine W. Y. Ng; Sandra K. M. Tsang

2008-01-01

443

Secondary School Students' Interest in Homework: What about Race and School Location?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined models of homework interest at the secondary school level to assess whether homework interest varies across race and school location and whether the influence of race on homework interest depends on characteristics of the context (e.g., school location and teacher feedback). Student- and class-level predictors of homework…

Xu, Jianzhong

2012-01-01

444

The pendulum: a stumbling block of secondary school mechanics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article we refer to the somewhat surprising fact that questions connected with the mechanics of such popular physical models as the simple and conical pendulum seem to be difficult not only for secondary school students but even for those taking introductory university courses in physics. Two tests concerning both the simple pendulum and the conical pendulum were examined by groups of 50 students. We give a brief analysis of their unsatisfactory results as well as a correct presentation of the problem at the secondary school level.

Czudková, Lenka; Musilová, Jana

2000-11-01

445

Pupil Transportation Safety Program Plan.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study has been undertaken to assess the magnitude of the school bus safety problem and to develop a plan to improve pupil transportation safety. The resulting report provides estimates of school bus population and daily usage, gives an account of injuries and fatalities that occur annually, and compares the safety records of school buses to…

Delahanty, Joseph F.; And Others

446

Recess Activity and General Health Status among Iranian Elementary Schools' Pupils  

PubMed Central

Background: Regular and daily physical activity during childhood and at school is one of the important part of requirements of normal growth, development and well-being. To achieve physical activity promotion among school child aged population recess as outside of class time efforts is scheduled and allows students to engage in physical and social activities. The purpose of the present study was to assess recess activities as well as status of physical activities among a sample of Iranian students at the primary schools. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in four randomly selected schools from a list of 26 elementary schools in March, 2012 in the city of Shahindej, located in North-west of Iran. Participants were 439 (10–12 years) elementary schools’. Physical activity level by self-reporting, mental health using the parent-completed Child Health Questionnaire, and happiness was assessed using a Persian translated version of the Subjective Happiness Scale. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was applied in two steps using the enter method to analyze data in the SPSS version 17. Results: Backward logistic regression analysis showed that gender of the parent who answered the study questions, father’s education, educational grade of children, BMI, physical function, physical health, health status of the children and family function were significantly related to the children’s physical activity level. Conclusion: Promoting parents’ awareness and schools’ staff about importance of physical activities especially in recess times must be an important part of school and community mental health promotion programs. PMID:24688952

Shaghaghi, Abdolreza; Piri, Massumeh; Allahverdipour, Hamid; Asghari- Jafarabadi, Mohammad

2013-01-01

447

Educational Aspirations in Inner City Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research aimed to assess the nature and level of pupils' educational aspirations and to elucidate the factors that influence these aspirations. A sample of five inner city comprehensive secondary schools were selected by their local authority because of poor pupil attendance, below-average examination results and low rates of continuing in…

Strand, Steve; Winston, Joe

2008-01-01

448

Competitive Foods and Beverages Available for Purchase in Secondary Schools--Selected Sites, United States, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School Health Profiles is conducted biennially to assess characteristics of school health programs. State and local departments of education and health select either all public secondary schools within their jurisdictions or a systematic, equal-probability sample of public secondary schools to participate in School Health Profiles. At each school,…

Kann, L.; Grunbaum, J.; McKenna, M. L.; Wechsler, H.; Galuska, D. A.

2005-01-01

449

Knowledge, practice and attitude toward epilepsy among primary and secondary school teachers in South Gezira locality, Gezira State, Sudan  

PubMed Central

Objective: The attitudes toward school pupils with epilepsy are influenced by the degree of school teachers’ knowledge of the disorder. Teachers usually do not receive any formal instructions on epilepsy during their training. This study aims to assess school teachers’ knowledge, attitude and practice when dealing with epilepsy in school children. Materials and Methods: This study was part of a series mandated by the Gezira Epilepsy Care Programme (GECP), to obtain baseline data for a community-adapted epilepsy education program. A pretested, semi-structured, 35-items questionnaire was the investigational tool. It was used to evaluate the knowledge of the basic facts about epilepsy among school teachers in this cross-sectional study. The questionnaire allowed teachers to express their opinions by means of free answers. The schools were chosen at random but not in a systematic equiprobability design. Two hundred teachers from public primary (100) and secondary (100) schools in the rural area of south Gezira Locality, Gezira State, Central Sudan, were recruited. Results: In this study, the majority of respondents had never been informed about epilepsy and therefore gave evasive answers to many questions. Few of the respondents considered epilepsy as contagious. None of participants objected to having epileptic children in their classes. Only 47 teachers (47%) in the primary schools had any knowledge of the initial procedures to help a child in seizure, presenting reasonable answers, compared to 64 (64%) teachers in the secondary schools. Recommendations: All school teachers should be given some kind of training in health services. The GECP should involve teachers in its current training programs for caregivers and lay association to help epileptic patients. PMID:21694955

Babikar, Haydar E.; Abbas, Islam M.

2011-01-01

450

Teaching critical thinking skills in a Hong Kong secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hong Kong education has always been regarded as examination-oriented and students were taught only to memorize and not to\\u000a think. This paper gives an account of a school project in teaching critical thinking in the junior classes of a secondary\\u000a school. This project is a collaboration between lecturers in teacher education and teachers working in the frontline. As a\\u000a first

Fok Shui Che

2002-01-01

451

Combined physics course for future elementary and secondary school teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

In order to improve the preparation of both future elementary school teachers to teach physical science and secondary school teachers to teach physics, a combined physics course which includes both groups of students has been developed. The course content, which emphasizes depth of understanding, is discussed in some detail. A description is given of the techniques used to encourage the development of the skills and attitudes necessary for teaching the new nationally developed, inquiry-oriented science curricula.

Mcdermott, Lillian C.

2006-06-08

452

SOCIAL CLASS BACKGROUND OF 8TH GRADE PUPILS, SOCIAL CLASS COMPOSITION OF THEIR SCHOOLS, THEIR ACADEMIC ASPIRATIONS AND SCHOOL ADJUSTMENT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AN EXPLANATION OF DIFFERENCES AMONG EIGHTH GRADE BOYS AND GIRLS IN REGARD TO THEIR LEVEL OF EDUCATIONAL ASPIRATION AND THEIR ADJUSTMENT IN THE SCHOOL SITUATION WAS PRESENTED. THE STUDENTS STUDIED ATTENDED SEVEN DIFFERENT JUNIOR HIGH SCHOOLS. FOUR OF THE SCHOOLS WERE PREDOMINANTLY COMPOSED OF CHILDREN FROM MIDDLE-CLASS FAMILIES, AND THREE, OF…

WALDO, LESLIE C.; WALLIN, PAUL

453

Relation between Classroom Climate and Achievement in Physical Science of Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study estimates the extent of relationship between "Achievement in Physical Science" and "Classroom Climate" for the total sample and Sub sample based on gender. The tools used for collecting the data are scale of classroom climate and achievement test in physical science. The study reveals that boys show indifferent or negligible but…

R., Smitha; Sajan, K. S.

2010-01-01

454

Conflicting Cultures: Reflections on the Reading and Viewing of Secondary-School Pupils.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the reading and viewing habits of British teenagers. Discovers that, although U.S. horror fiction (R. L. Stine, Stephen King) tops the lists, a wide diversity exists among the less popular authors. Reveals marked gender differences in amount of time spent viewing videos, television, and computer games. (MJP)

Benton, Peter

1995-01-01

455

Adolescents' views about a proposed rewards intervention to promote healthy food choice in secondary school canteens.  

PubMed

Using rewards may be an effective method to positively influence adolescent eating behaviour, but evidence regarding this approach is limited. The aim of this study was to explore young adolescent views about a proposed reward intervention associated with food choice in school canteens. Focus groups were held in 10 schools located in lower socioeconomic areas within Northern Ireland and involved 90 pupils aged 11-12 years (54 girls, 36 boys). Our findings indicated a high degree of acceptability for a reward scheme but there was major diversity in the type of rewards valued by pupils, largely defined by geographical area and socio-cultural differences. Pupils from rural areas tended to emphasize group-based and longer-term rewards, whereas pupils from urban-city schools tended to suggest individualistic and immediate rewards. The major factors influencing food choice were food price, value for money, taste and visual appearance. Pupils felt that factors outside of their control, such as being assigned to the second lunch sitting placed considerable constraints on their food choice. This research not only indicated a high degree of acceptability for a rewards-based intervention but also highlighted a number of socio-cultural and environmental factors that should be considered by researchers when developing such an intervention. PMID:24851865

McEvoy, C T; Lawton, J; Kee, F; Young, I S; Woodside, J V; McBratney, J; McKinley, M C

2014-10-01

456

Towards a More Authentic Science Curriculum: The Contribution of Out-of-School Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In many developed countries of the world, pupil attitudes to school science decline progressively across the age range of secondary schooling while fewer students are choosing to study science at higher levels and as a career. Responses to these developments have included proposals to reform the curriculum, pedagogy, and the nature of pupil

Braund, Martin; Reiss, Michael

2006-01-01

457

Effects of Ability Grouping on Elementary School Pupils: A Meta-Analysis.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A meta-analysis of findings from 31 separate studies showed that ability grouping has significant positive effects on the academic performance of elementary school children. The benefits of grouping tended to be small in the typical study of achievement --an increase from the 50th to the 58th percentile for the typical student in a grouped class.…

Kulik, Chen-Lin C.; Kulik, James A.

458

Perceptions of School Superintendents and Board Presidents on Improved Pupil Performance and Superintendent Evaluation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is well documented that the demands on school superintendents have not only become more taxing but have also changed in recent years. The superintendent needs to possess a high degree of knowledge and skills in a diverse number of areas, including psychology, finances, personnel, and general education while functioning at a very high level in…

Moffett, Josephine

2011-01-01

459

Consultation in Schools: Helping Staff and Pupils with Unresolved Loss and Mourning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes how an application of psychodynamic principles and techniques in a school setting can open up perspectives and insights into aspects of loss and mourning, which result in the personal and professional growth of individuals. It discusses applied psychoanalytic work in relation to its clinical base in the consulting room, in…

Maltby, Jane

2008-01-01

460

BCRMD Program for Multiply Handicapped Pupils: Evaluation Report. School Year 1975-1976.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is an evaluation of a program which provided supplementary pre-reading and mathematics instruction to multiply handicapped children (physically and mentally handicapped) in six elementary and two intermediate schools. It is explained that students were individually instructed on objectives which they failed on the McGraw Hill Test of…

Echternacht, Gary

461

The Emergence of Cyberbullying: A Survey of Primary School Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is little research that has examined cyberbullying among children under the age of 11 years. The current study explored the nature and extent of the phenomenon among primary school children aged 7- to 11-years-old (N = 220; 116 boys and 104 girls) and investigated their perceptions of the distress caused to victims, how victims would feel,…

Monks, Claire P.; Robinson, Susanne; Worlidge, Penny

2012-01-01

462

The Presentation of Projects by High School Pupils in a Gifted Programme.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Guidelines are offered for helping gifted high school students present oral and written presentations of individual learning projects. Students need to work toward a goal and accept responsibility for presenting the project formally. Written reports foster discipline, completed projects, and documentation for further study. Verbal reports offer…

Peires, Juliette

463

School Adjustment of Pupils with ADHD: Cognitive, Emotional and Temperament Risk Factors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

From different research perspectives, the cognitive and emotional characteristics associated with ADHD in children have been identified as risk factors for the development of diverse adjustment problems in the school context. Research in nonclinical population can additionally help in understanding ADHD deficits, since children with specific…

Sanchez-Perez, Noelia; Gonzalez-Salinas, Carmen

2013-01-01

464

Training School Pupils in the Scientific Method: Student Participation in an International VLF Radio Experiment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report on a school-university collaboration to involve students in the deployment, testing, and operation of a very low frequency (VLF) radio receiver as part of an international network of such experiments. A background to the collaboration is presented, along with a summary of planning and development, and the ultimate deployment of the…

Denton, J. J.; Denton, M. H.; Kavanagh, A. J.; Harron, H.; Ulich, T.; Denton, J. S.

2012-01-01

465

PLANNING FOR DEVELOPMENTAL READING IN KANSAS SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS PUBLICATION IS A PLANNING GUIDE FOR THE FORMATION OF DEVELOPMENTAL READING PROGRAMS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS. DEVELOPMENTAL READING IS NOT A REMEDIAL PROGRAM FOR SLOW READERS. INSTEAD, IT IS A SYSTEMATIC INSTRUCTIONAL PROGRAM TO DEVELOP EACH STUDENT'S ATTITUDE TOWARD READING, HIS VOCABULARY AND BACKGROUND CONCEPTS, HIS READING INTERESTS AND…

SPENCER, CLAUDE E.

466

Transferring Post-Secondary Schools: Student Perceptions, Rationales, and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is an empirical investigation of the experience of students transferring from one post-secondary institution to another. Positioned within several theories, most notably emerging adulthood theory, the findings imply that transferring schools represents a positive growth experience for the student who recognizes an inappropriate…

Wintre, Maxine Gallander; Morgan, Ashley S.

2009-01-01

467

Pedagogy in diverse secondary school classes: Legacies for higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As university teachers we find ourselves grappling with the increasingly diverse legacies of students' prior pedagogic experiences – some of which seem to work against the quality intellectual outcomes now demanded from higher education. In this context, this paper reports a descriptive study of pedagogy created for Chinese students in a mainstream Australian secondary school with a high level of

Karen Dooley

2004-01-01

468

Dental Caries Prevalence in Secondary School Students in Iraq  

Microsoft Academic Search

Caries data from 952 secondary school students in Iraq representing three geographic regions were obtained and analyzed on the basis of sex, geographic, and urban-rural differences. A DMFT of 5.47 and a DFS of 6.17 were recorded for the total sample. Greater caries experience was noted in urban residents, females, and those from the Central region.

Donald W. Legler; Wael Al-Alousi; Homer C. Jamison

1980-01-01

469

Female Students and Achievement in Secondary School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Achievement and the experiences of women in secondary school mathematics have been well documented in the research literature (e.g., Benbow & Stanley, 1980, 1983; Tartre & Fennema, 1995; Sherman, 1982; Ryckman & Peckham, 1987; Keller & Dauenheimer, 2003). With respect to achievement, the research literature primarily focuses on how women are…

Shildneck, Barry P., IV

2009-01-01

470

A Tracer Study of Lebanese Upper Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents data arising from a tracer study of 90 terminating Beirut upper secondary school students. Nearly all the students intended to transit to university, about half of them to science and technology programmes, and subsequently did so. Median anticipated earnings upon graduation were realistic, but a lack of information or guidance…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Dallal, Kamel; Rizkallah, George; Rabah, Jihan

2007-01-01

471

What Greek Secondary School Students Believe about Climate Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate what Greek secondary school students (grades 8 and 11) believe about the greenhouse effect and climate change. A total of 626 students completed a closed-form questionnaire consisting of statements regarding the causes, impacts and solutions for this global environmental issue. The possible influence of…

Liarakou, Georgia; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Gavrilakis, Costas

2011-01-01

472

Beginning Secondary School Teacher's Guide. Some Problems and Suggested Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book addresses the classroom problems faced by beginning secondary school teachers with an emphasis on classroom control. Solutions to problem situations are suggested and an appendix of further readings on the subject is included. The following topics are covered: (1) developing a good learning atmosphere; (2) introducing subject matter; (3)…

Keene, Melvin

473

Finnish Secondary School Students' Interreligious Sensitivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the self-evaluations of Finnish secondary school students' (N?=?549) interreligious sensitivity. The data were collected from 12-16-year-old young people with a 15-item Interreligious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRRSSQ). The IRRSSQ is based on Abu-Nimer's Developmental Model of Interreligious…

Holm, Kristiina; Nokelainen, Petri; Tirri, Kirsi

2014-01-01

474

Secondary School Integrated Programs (IPs): Evolutionary Directions for Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1970s, Ontario secondary schools started to adopt the semester system, four courses over the day where there had been seven. With this change, a creative outdoor educator realized that one teacher could take a group of students for all four credits, eliminating the restrictions of the timetable and addressing opportunities to learn in the…

Kozak, Stan

2011-01-01

475

Gendered Conflicts in Secondary School: Fun or Enactment of Power?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationships and conflicts between secondary school boys and girls, noting the fine line between playing "just for fun" and harassment. Data from classroom observations, interviews with younger adolescents, and reminiscences of the same adolescents a few years later revealed diverse interpretations of gendered interactions. Incidents…

Lahelma, Elina

2002-01-01

476

Contextualized Magnetism in Secondary School: Learning from the LHC (CERN)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physics teachers in secondary schools usually mention the world's largest particle physics laboratory--CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)--only because of the enormous size of the accelerators and detectors used there, the number of scientists involved in their activities and also the necessary international scientific…

Cid, Ramon

2005-01-01

477

Curriculum Guide for Art in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary school curriculum guide is written in outline form to simplify the planning of a design-oriented art program. For each of 15 design units, a step-by-step set of instructions is given. Each unit is presented in three stages, each of which is a complete lesson in design. Materials and tools necessary for lesson preparation, motivation…

Chicago Board of Education, IL.

478

Secondary School Graduates and the Unified State Examination  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sociological surveys have shown that education in Russian society today still remains a valued priority to young people. It is in demand by a substantial portion of secondary school graduates who are hoping to continue their education in an institution of higher learning. The modernization of graduation and entrance tests, associated with the…

Makarova, M. N.

2012-01-01

479

Principal Leadership in Hong Kong Christian Secondary Schools after 1997.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This thesis proposal investigates principal leadership in Hong Kong Christian secondary schools after the turnover of Hong Kong to China in July 1997. Principal and teacher perceptions will be used to describe three aspects of leadership: the leadership role of the principal; the changes, if any, to that role due to the turnover; and the degree of…

Yu, Chuen Ying Connie

480

Mathematical Fiction: Its Place in Secondary-School Mathematics Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article contains a small selection of mathematical fiction chosen with the teaching of mathematics in secondary school in mind. However, an attempt is made to classify the works and provide a few ideas about how these items may be used by mathematics teachers, sometimes, but not necessarily, in collaboration with science and humanities…

Padula, Janice

2005-01-01

481

Microworlds: Building Powerful Ideas in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) developed a programming language called LOGO. Underpinning this invention was a profound new philosophy of how learners learn. This paper reviews research in the area and asks how one notion in particular, that of a microworld, may be used by secondary school educators to build powerful…

Jenkins, Craig William

2012-01-01

482

Mentoring Beginning Teachers in Secondary Schools: An Analysis of Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conditions that promote best practice in the mentoring of beginning teachers in secondary schools are explored in this paper in relation to the experiential model of learning put forward by Kolb [(1984). "Experiential learning: Experience as the source of learning and development." New York: Prentice-Hall]. The underpinning processes of this…

Harrison, Jennifer; Dymoke, Sue; Pell, Tony

2006-01-01

483

LATIN FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS (A GUIDE TO MINIMUM ESSENTIALS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A SET OF MINIMUM ESSENTIALS FOR EACH LEVEL OF A 4-YEAR SEQUENCE OF LATIN IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IS PRESENTED IN THIS CURRICULUM GUIDE. FOLLOWING STATEMENTS OF THE OBJECTIVES OF LATIN STUDY--READING THE LATIN OF THE GREAT ROMAN AUTHORS, ATTAINING A LINGUISTIC PROFICIENCY, AND ACQUIRING A WIDER HISTORICAL AND CULTURAL AWARENESS--THE GUIDE OUTLINES FOR…

LEAMON, M. PHILLIP; AND OTHERS

484

Body Image and Physical Activity in British Secondary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the relationship between children's body image and physical activity and examined any variation in these variables. Two hundred and seventy seven British secondary school children aged 11 to 14 (mean age [plus or minus] SD = 12.5 [plus or minus] 0.8 years) participated in this study. Results indicated no significant…

Duncan, Michael J.; Al-Nakeeb, Yahya; Nevill, Alan; Jones, Marc V.

2004-01-01

485

Lebanese Secondary School Students' Environmental Knowledge and Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to (a) assess Lebanese secondary school students' environmental knowledge and attitudes, and (b) explore the relationship between participants' knowledge and attitudes, biographical and academic variables, and commitment to environmental friendly behavior. Participants were 660 grade 10 and grade 11 students. They were administered a questionnaire to assess their environmental knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, affect, and intentions, and commitment

MAHA HAIDAR MAKKI; FOUAD ABD-EL-KHALICK; SAOUMA BOUJAOUDE

2003-01-01

486

A Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Course for Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a course for reinforcing the knowledge of biochemistry in secondary school science teachers. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona designed a course to bring these teachers up to date with this discipline. In addition to updating their knowledge of biochemistry and molecular…

Fernandez-Novell, J. M.; Cid, E.; Gomis, R.; Barbera, A.; Guinovart, J. J.

2004-01-01

487

Entrepreneurship Education in Lesotho Secondary Schools: Pedagogical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the extent to which the entrepreneurship education component of the business education curriculum in Lesotho secondary education is being implemented. The study was undertaken in 18 schools during 1998, 1999 and 2000. Different research methods such as video recording, interviews and document analysis were used. Results indicate…

Nketekete, Malefetsane E.; Motebang, Maletele B.

2008-01-01

488

The pendulum: a stumbling block of secondary school mechanics  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we refer to the somewhat surprising fact that questions connected with the mechanics of such popular physical models as the simple and conical pendulum seem to be difficult not only for secondary school students but even for those taking introductory university courses in physics. Two tests concerning both the simple pendulum and the conical pendulum were examined

Lenka Czudková; Jana Musilová

2000-01-01

489

The Pendulum: A Stumbling Block of Secondary School Mechanics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Refers to the somewhat surprising fact that questions connected with the mechanics of such popular physical models as the simple and conical pendulum seem to be difficult not only for secondary school students but for those taking introductory university courses in physics. Briefly analyzes two tests concerning both simple pendulum and conical…

Czudkova, Lenka; Musilova, Jana

2000-01-01

490

Drinking, Socioemotional Functioning, and Academic Progress in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary schools are sites of academic instruction but also contexts of socioemotional development, and the intertwining of these two functions has consequences for adolescents' future health and education. Drawing on nationally representative data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health (n = 8,271), this study explored the…

Crosnoe, Robert; Benner, Aprile D.; Schneider, Barbara

2012-01-01

491

The Malvern Project. Closed Circuit Television in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A three-year project investigated the use of closed circuit television (CCTV) in four Australian secondary schools. Particular attention was paid to the ability of CCTV to make classroom teaching more effective and individualized and to promote team teaching. CCTV equipment, including a mobile production unit, was made available and teachers…

Hawkins, Bernard

492

Web-based teaching in Secondary School Mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the study of teaching mathematics by means of designed web-based exercises in a Finnish secondary school. The intention was to study if additional web- based exercises improve the learning results. The web-based exercises were designed particularly for this course: Numbers. Two classes were joining to the study almost for two months. The experimental group consisted of 15

Johanna Lehtinen

493

School Turnarounds. Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To help achieve President Obama's stated goal of ensuring that every student has meaningful opportunities to choose from upon graduating from high school, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). This new vision…

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

494

Gender Differences in Science Preferences on Starting Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students in their first weeks of secondary school were asked to select from a list those topics they would be interested in studying in science. Gender differences were found in that boys predominately selected topics with a mechanical connection, whereas girls predominantly selected topics related to human biology. (Author)

Taber, Keith S.

1991-01-01

495

Evaluating the Use of Learning Objects for Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A learning object is an interactive web-based tool that supports learning by enhancing, amplifying, and guiding the cognitive processes of a learner. To date, no formal research has been done on the use of learning objects in secondary school science classrooms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of learning objects developed for…

Kay, Robin; Knaack, Liesel

2007-01-01

496

A Humanistic Approach to Teaching Secondary School English.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed for teachers and prospective teachers of English, this book briefly discusses the theoretical constructs of humanistic approaches to each aspect of English education in the secondary school and illustrates practical designs for humanistic learning which teach each aspect of the language arts and which are intended to draw the methods…

Lee, Helen C.

497

Investigating Secondary School Leaders' Perceptions of Performance Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the research into teacher appraisal and performance management has focused on the experience of the classroom teacher. In this article, I will: (1) concentrate on the perspectives of the senior managers in secondary schools; (2) consider their views of the purpose of performance management; (3) compare their methods of implementation of…

Moreland, Jan

2009-01-01

498

Body image and physical activity in British secondary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assessed the relationship between children’s body image and physical activity and examined any variation in these variables. Two hundred and seventy seven British secondary school children aged 11 to 14 (mean age ± SD = 12.5 ± 0.8 years) participated in this study. Results indicated no significant relationships between body image and physical activity (all p> .05). Boys

Michael J. Duncan; Yahya Al-Nakeeb; Alan Nevill; Marc V. Jones

2004-01-01

499

Stalking and Related Harassment of Secondary School Counselors  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a study of stalking in secondary schools, 140 respondents reported they had been stalked, with perpetrators being evenly distributed between students and non-students. The largest non-student group of perpetrators was parents of students. Harassing phone calls and threatening correspondence constituted most of the stalking behaviors, but respondents also reported being followed, being watched, encountring a student with a weapon,

John S. C. Romans; Joni R. Hays; Christy Pearson; L. Chris Duroy; Barbara Carlozzi

2006-01-01

500

Activism in the Secondary Schools: Analysis and Recommendations.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet analyzes the manifestations of student unrest in the secondary schools, discusses the causes of activism, and recommends ways for dealing with these forces. Alienated students and various types of activist students are defined. Examples are given of such activist-oriented activities as underground publications, sit-ins, picketing,…

Erickson, Kenneth; And Others