Sample records for secondary school pupils

  1. Knowledge of secondary school pupils regarding sexual health education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jo Westwood; Barbara Mullan

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health.Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two?phase intervention study.Setting: Nineteen mixed?sex, state secondary schools in central England.Participants: Year 8 pupils (350 male, 345 female), year

  2. Knowledge of Secondary School Pupils regarding Sexual Health Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary

  3. Problematising Pupil Voice Using Visual Methods: Findings from a Study of Engaged and Disaffected Pupils in an Urban Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cremin, Hilary; Mason, Carolynne; Busher, Hugh

    2011-01-01

    This article explores how pupils and teachers in an 11-16 mixed secondary school in an area of urban disadvantage in the UK experience pupil voice. It used visual methods to unpick some of the ways in which official and unofficial discourses of pupil voice, engagement, discipline and inclusion were played out in this school. A typology of pupils,…

  4. Cyberbullying: its nature and impact in secondary school pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter K. Smith; Jess Mahdavi; Manuel Carvalho; Sonja Fisher; Shanette Russell; Neil Tippett

    2008-01-01

    Background: Cyberbullying describes bullying using mobile phones and the internet. Most previous studies have focused on the prevalence of text message and email bullying. Methods: Two surveys with pupils aged 11-16 years: (1) 92 pupils from 14 schools, supplemented by focus groups; (2) 533 pupils from 5 schools, to assess the generalisability of findings from the first study, and investigate

  5. Transfer to and study at secondary school in Finnish school culture: developing schools on the basis of pupils’ experiences

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janne Pietarinen

    2000-01-01

    This chapter is a based on a study that examined, first, Finnish comprehensive school pupils’ transfer to secondary school and, second, the ways in which pupils’ experiences of schooling can contribute to the development and planning of an undivided comprehensive school system. Traditionally, Finnish discourse on the flexibility of the transfer has concentrated on the teacher's role as the central

  6. Contradictions around Differentiation for Pupils with Dyslexia Learning English as a Foreign Language at Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rontou, Maria

    2012-01-01

    This article deals with differentiation of teaching methods and extra time in class for pupils with dyslexia by English as a Foreign Language (EFL) teachers in two Greek state secondary schools. Activity theory is applied to analyse the contradictions that emerge around the issue of differentiation for pupils with dyslexia from data compiled from…

  7. Truancy, Alcohol Use and Alcohol-Related Problems in Secondary School Pupils in Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mounteney, J.; Haugland, S.; Skutle, A.

    2010-01-01

    This study focuses on a vulnerable group of pupils often missed by mainstream school surveys. It explores alcohol use and alcohol-related problems for a sample of truants of secondary school age, comparing behaviours with a school-based sample from the same geographical area. Analyses are based on a survey among truants (n = 107) and a school

  8. Pupil Vulnerability and School Exclusion: Developing Responsive Pastoral Policies and Practices in Secondary Education in the UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tucker, Stanley

    2013-01-01

    How to best support pupils who are considered to be in danger of temporary or permanent exclusion from secondary school is an issue that is currently exercising policy makers, school managers and teachers in the UK. Using primary research data gained from interviews with secondary pupils, school managers and behaviour support staff in a group of…

  9. Preferred Social Organization of Learning Formats among Pupils Experiencing Different Kinds of Internalizing Problems in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulsen, Erik; Bru, Edvin

    2008-01-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the dimensionality of internalizing problems among secondary high school pupils and to find out about their preferences for the social organization of learning formats. We wanted to see if preferences varied for pupils reporting different kinds of internalizing problems. Five hundred and one pupils in…

  10. Preferred social organization of learning formats among pupils experiencing different kinds of internalizing problems in secondary school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Erik Paulsen; Edvin Bru

    2008-01-01

    The aims of this study were to investigate the dimensionality of internalizing problems among secondary high school pupils and to find out about their preferences for the social organization of learning formats. We wanted to see if preferences varied for pupils reporting different kinds of internalizing problems. Five hundred and one pupils in Grades 8, 9 and 10 (aged 13–16

  11. Pupil Control Behavior, Classroom Robustness, and Self-Control: Public and Military Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sartori, Mary Ann; Bauske, Terri; Lunenburg, Fred C.

    2000-01-01

    Investigated students' perceptions of teachers pupil-control behavior, classroom robustness, and student self-control, highlighting possible differences between public and military secondary schools. Humanistic approaches had more positive, interrelated effects among these variables. Military (custodial) classrooms were perceived as less robust,…

  12. Neuropsychological consequences of volatile substance abuse: a population based study of secondary school pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    O. Chadwick; R. Anderson; M. Bland; J. Ramsey

    1989-01-01

    OBJECTIVE--To examine the effects of volatile substance abuse on neuropsychological functioning. DESIGN--A sample of index children and matched controls were identified by a two stage procedure. Firstly, over 5000 secondary school pupils completed a screening questionnaire, and, secondly, a sample of those who acknowledged volatile substance abuse and a matched sample of those who denied the practice were assessed in

  13. The Use of Models as a Form of Written Feedback to Secondary School Pupils of English

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esteban, Noelia Martinez; Roca de Larios, Julio

    2010-01-01

    The present study investigated how noticing is related to composing and subsequent feedback processing in individual and collaborative EFL writing. Participants were Spanish secondary school pupils at a low-intermediate proficiency level who completed a three-stage writing task that included writing a picture-based story (Stage 1), comparing their…

  14. The Influence of Gender, Grade Level and Favourite Subject on Czech Lower Secondary School Pupils' Perception of Geography

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kubiatko, Milan; Janko, Tomas; Mrazkova, Katerina

    2012-01-01

    Geography is an important school subject that brings pupils' description and explanation of social, economic and/or political aspects of the changing world. It has been affirmed that the interest in a subject depends on the attitude to this subject. This study investigates Czech lower secondary school pupils' perception of geography. The research…

  15. The inclusion of pupils with special educational needs in secondary school physical education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Smith

    2004-01-01

    In light of the demands of the revised National Curriculum for Physical Education in England (DfEE\\/QCA, 1999) and the Special Educational Needs and Disability Discrimination Act (DfES, 2001a), this paper presents some preliminary observations on how PE teachers endeavour to include pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in secondary school physical education (PE). Findings from a small-scale study revealed that

  16. Relationships with Peers and Use of the School Environment of Mainstream Secondary School Pupils with Asperger Syndrome (High-Functioning Autism): A Case-Control Study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jennifer J. Wainscot; Paul Naylor; Paul Sutcliffe; Digby Tantam; Jenna V. Williams

    2008-01-01

    This study is of the in-school social relationships with peers of mainstream secondary school pupils with Asperger syndrome\\/high-functioning autism (AS\\/HFA) and of matched controls. Fifty-seven pupils participated in the study (30 with AS\\/HFA and 27 controls), ranging from school years 7-13 (age 11-18 years). By comparison with controls, pupils with AS\\/HFA engaged in fewer social interactions during the school day,

  17. Upper Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes towards Natural Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Akarsu, Bayram; Kariper, Afsin

    2013-01-01

    Students' attitudes towards natural science constitute an important area in science education as fewer students are interested in natural science and they do not choose corresponding science disciplines in postsecondary education. The current study reports preliminary results of a survey on high school students' interests and attitudes…

  18. 'Make me normal': the views and experiences of pupils on the autistic spectrum in mainstream secondary schools.

    PubMed

    Humphrey, Neil; Lewis, Sarah

    2008-01-01

    Facilitating the learning and participation of pupils with Asperger syndrome and high-functioning autism (herein referred to as AS) in mainstream schools is complex and poorly understood. We report on a small-scale qualitative study of the views and experiences of 20 such pupils drawn from four secondary schools in north-west England. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and pupil diaries. Interpretive phenomenological analysis was used to explore how pupils with AS make sense of their educational experiences. The central theme was how participants constructed their understanding of what their AS meant to them. This was often characterized by negative perceptions of their differences, such as being 'retarded' or having a 'bad brain'. The links between this understanding and reported difficulties with peers and teachers, the desire to 'fit in', and other themes are discussed. The implications of these findings for policy and practice in this area are also presented. PMID:18178595

  19. Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary Pupils in Northern England: Are the Predictors at the Individual, School or Neighbourhood Level?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brockett, Adrian; Wicker, Kate

    2012-01-01

    This study examines the Outgroup Prejudice Index (see "Research in Education," 83, 2010) to see what factors best predict levels of outgroup prejudice among adolescents living in northern England. A sample of 2,502 eleven- to sixteen-year-old secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire that included measures of outgroup prejudice,…

  20. Supporting Pupils and Families: A Case Study of Two English Extended Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Richard; Smith, Andy; Feng Yan,

    2009-01-01

    The Department for Education and Skills (DfES, 2005a) described an extended school as one providing activities and services, often beyond the school day, to address the needs of its pupils, their families and the wider community. Extended schools have been established to provide a hub upon which services can be focused and where additional…

  1. Asthma prevalence, knowledge, and perceptions among secondary school pupils in rural and urban coastal districts in Tanzania

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Asthma is a common chronic disease of childhood that is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of asthma among secondary school pupils in urban and rural areas of coast districts of Tanzania. The study also aimed to describe pupils’ perception towards asthma, and to assess their knowledge on symptoms, triggers, and treatment of asthma. Methods A total of 610 pupils from Ilala district and 619 pupils from Bagamoyo district formed the urban and rural groups, respectively. Using a modified International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) questionnaire, a history of “diagnosed” asthma or the presence of a wheeze in the previous 12 months was obtained from all the studied pupils, along with documentation of their perceptions regarding asthma. Pupils without asthma or wheeze in the prior 12 months were subsequently selected and underwent a free running exercise testing. A???20% decrease in the post-exercise Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR) values was the criterion for diagnosing exercise-induced asthma. Results The mean age of participants was 16.8 (±1.8) years. The prevalence of wheeze in the past 12 months was 12.1% in Bagamoyo district and 23.1% in Ilala district (p?pupils in Ilala and Bagamoyo districts, respectively (p?pupils. Non-asthmatic pupils feared sleeping, playing, and eating with their asthmatic peers. Conclusion The prevalence rates of self-reported asthma, wheezing in the past 12 months, and exercise-induced asthma were significantly higher among urban than rural pupils. Although bronchial asthma is a common disease, pupils’ perceptions about asthma were associated with fear of contact with their asthmatic peers in both rural and urban schools. PMID:24754895

  2. Do schools differ in suicide risk? the influence of school and neighbourhood on attempted suicide, suicidal ideation and self-harm among secondary school pupils

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Rates of suicide and poor mental health are high in environments (neighbourhoods and institutions) where individuals have only weak social ties, feel socially disconnected and experience anomie - a mismatch between individual and community norms and values. Young people spend much of their time within the school environment, but the influence of school context (school connectedness, ethos and contextual factors such as school size or denomination) on suicide-risk is understudied. Our aim is to explore if school context is associated with rates of attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and self-harm at age 19, adjusting for confounders. Methods A longitudinal school-based survey of 1698 young people surveyed when aged 11, (primary school), 15 (secondary school) and in early adulthood (age 19). Participants provided data about attempted suicide and suicide-risk at age 15 and deliberate self-harm at 19. In addition, data were collected about mental health at age 11, social background (gender, religion, etc.), and at age 15, perception of local area (e.g. neighbourhood cohesion, safety/civility and facilities), school connectedness (school engagement, involvement, etc.) and school context (size, denomination, etc.). A dummy variable was created indicating a religious 'mismatch', where pupils held a different faith from their school denomination. Data were analysed using multilevel logistic regression. Results After adjustment for confounders, pupils attempted suicide, suicide-risk and self-harm were all more likely among pupils with low school engagement (15-18% increase in odds for each SD change in engagement). While holding Catholic religious beliefs was protective, attending a Catholic school was a risk factor for suicidal behaviours. This pattern was explained by religious 'mismatch': pupils of a different religion from their school were approximately 2-4 times more likely to attempt suicide, be a suicide-risk or self-harm. Conclusions With several caveats, we found support for the importance of school context for suicidality and self-harm. School policies promoting school connectedness are uncontroversial. Devising a policy to reduce risks to pupils holding a different faith from that of their school may be more problematic. PMID:22093491

  3. The influence of school culture on smoking among pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Aveyard; Wolfgang A Markham; Emma Lancashire; Alison Bullock; Christine Macarthur; K. K. Cheng; Harry Daniels

    2004-01-01

    School factors and not solely pupil composition probably cause variation in smoking prevalence amongst schools, but there are no theoretical models to explain why. In this paper we propose a hypothesis to explain schools’ influence on pupils’ smoking and test this using an existing cross-sectional survey of 23,282 pupils from 166 secondary schools in the West Midlands, UK. We hypothesise

  4. Provision for Pupils with Specific Learning Difficulties in Secondary Schools. A Report to SOED.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Alan; Skidmore, David

    Provisions for children with specific learning difficulties were studied in 27 secondary schools in 5 regions of Scotland. Specific learning difficulties were seen as functional weaknesses in students who might otherwise be intellectually able. Questionnaires were completed by the schools to determine: number of students with specific learning…

  5. Provision for Pupils with Specific Learning Difficulties: An Emerging Model in Scottish Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dyson, Alan; Skidmore, David

    1995-01-01

    Survey of provision for specific learning difficulties in 41 Scottish secondary schools examined dilemmas generated by the incompatibility of strategies for specific learning difficulties with established "learning support" approaches used for general learning disabilities. An emerging model of provision builds on learning support approaches but…

  6. Personality and Religion among Secondary School Pupils in the Czech Republic

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.; Quesnell, Michael; Lewis, Christopher A.

    2010-01-01

    The short-form Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire was completed by 1,780 boys and 1,634 girls attending secondary schools in the Czech Republic, together with the Francis Scale of Attitude towards Christianity. On the one hand, two of the findings are consistent with those from a series of studies employing the same measure of religiosity…

  7. Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, Fall 1969: Pupils, Teachers, Instruction Rooms, and Expenditures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Richard H.; Foster, Betty J.

    This 16th annual national survey of public elementary and secondary school statistics presents data as of fall 1969 for each State, the District of Columbia, 14 of the nation's 15 largest cities, and several outlying areas, including American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Summaries of trends are presented with…

  8. Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, Fall 1967. Pupils, Teachers, Instruction Rooms, and Expenditures.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barr, Richard H.; Foster, Betty J.

    This 14th annual national survey of public elementary and secondary school statistics presents data as of fall 1967 for each State, the District of Columbia, 13 of the nation's 15 largest cities, and several outlying areas including American Samoa, the Canal Zone, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. Summaries of trends are presented with…

  9. Choice of Scottish Gaelic-Medium and Welsh-Medium Education at the Primary and Secondary School Stages: Parent and Pupil Perspectives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Hanlon, Fiona

    2015-01-01

    Results are presented of a comparative study of the reasons for parental choice of Scottish Gaelic-medium and Welsh-medium primary education in the year 2000 and of the reasons for pupils' decisions to continue with Gaelic or Welsh-medium education at secondary school in 2007. Parents in both contexts cited the quality of Celtic-medium…

  10. The Efficacy of CWPT Used in Secondary Alternative School Classrooms with Small Teacher\\/Pupil Ratios and Students with Emotional and Behavioral Disorders

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lisa J. Bowman-Perrott; Charles R. Greenwood; Yolanda. Tapia

    2007-01-01

    ClassWide Peer Tutoring (CWPT) is an evidence-based instructional strategy effective with students with and without disabilities. The evidence for efficacy is strong with respect to students in elementary schools learning basic academic skills in classrooms with large teacher-pupil ratios, and relatively less strong for students in secondary schools learning academic content skills in general education classrooms. Largely unknown, however, is

  11. Model for Calculating Cost per Pupil for Secondary Vocational, General and Transfer Curricula in Comprehensive High Schools, Shared Time Vocational Schools and Full Time Vocational Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Doty, Charles R.; And Others

    During the second phase of a project (see ED 114 494 for phase 1) a data collection and analysis model for determining the cost per pupil for vocational education programs was refined and tested in two comprehensive high schools, a shared time area vocational technical school, and a full-time area vocational technical school in New Jersey.…

  12. School Factors that Facilitate or Hinder the Ability of Teaching Assistants to Effectively Support Pupils with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) in Mainstream Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Symes, Wendy; Humphrey, Neil

    2011-01-01

    Growing numbers of pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are attending mainstream schools, and increasing numbers of teaching assistants (TAs) are being deployed into classrooms to support them. Evidence suggests, however, that pupils who have a TA may underperform academically, receive less attention from their teachers and be isolated…

  13. Invisible Care? The Role of Librarians in Caring for the "Whole Pupil" in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaper, Sue; Streatfield, David

    2012-01-01

    This paper draws on the "accidental" results of a UK national survey of school libraries to explore how school librarians can contribute to student pastoral care. Although the survey did not ask specific questions about student social development, responding librarians identified three key aspects of their contribution: support for learning;…

  14. Assessing Outgroup Prejudice among Secondary School Pupils in Northern England: Introducing the Outgroup Prejudice Index

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brockett, Adrian; Village, Andrew; Francis, Leslie J.

    2010-01-01

    The Outgroup Prejudice Index is a six-item scale that uses social distance to assess prejudice towards ethnic and religious out groups among Asians and whites. It was developed among a sample of 2,982 teenagers attending schools in northern England who indicated their religion as "Muslim", "Christian" or "No religion". The scale demonstrated…

  15. The Effect of Month of Birth on the Attainments of Primary and Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McPhillips, Martin; Jordan-Black, Julie-Anne

    2009-01-01

    Background: Previous research has produced conflicting results regarding the effects of season of birth and age-position on cognitive attainments. In Northern Ireland the school year divides the summer season into two providing an opportunity to evaluate the relative contribution of season of birth and age-position effects. Aims: To investigate…

  16. Entrepreneurship Projects and Pupils' Academic Performance: A Study of Norwegian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansen, Vegard; Schanke, Tuva

    2014-01-01

    Many European countries have launched policy strategies for entrepreneurship education in the past decade. The result is a significant increase of entrepreneurship education in schools and higher education institutions in Europe. Entrepreneurship education is supposed to promote entrepreneurial abilities and improve academic performance. This…

  17. Supporting Pupils with DCD and ASD with the Transition to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foulder-Hughes, Lynda; Prior, Clare

    2014-01-01

    Children with autistic spectrum disorders (ASDs) and developmental coordination disorder (DCD) are at an increased risk for a range of motor, sensory and social challenges which affect their ability to function at school. The current small scale, qualitative study sought to investigate how children with ASD and/or DCD felt about the transition to…

  18. Promoting Pro-Environmental Behaviour: Collection of Used Batteries by Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rioux, Liliane

    2011-01-01

    This research is based on Kollmuss and Agyeman's mode, and aims to determine if the prerequisites for pro-environmental behaviour, such as the collection of used batteries at school, are ethical, cognitive and environmental. A questionnaire/opinionnaire was given to 102, 14-17-year-olds to gather data on: (1) their current recycling habits, (2)…

  19. Attitude toward Christianity among Secondary School Pupils in Northern Ireland: Shifts in Denominational Differences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy; Lewis, Christopher Alan; Barnes, L. Philip; Sion, Tania ap

    2007-01-01

    Background: Northern Ireland is a province that remains deeply divided between Protestants and Catholics and maintains a segregated system of schools. Purpose: The research builds on a series of studies conducted in the 1960s, 1970s and 1980s to monitor the attitude toward Christianity of males and females educated in Protestant and Catholic…

  20. Truancy and Well-Being among Secondary School Pupils in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Attwood, Gaynor; Croll, Paul

    2015-01-01

    The paper considers two problematic aspects of the lives of young people: the long-standing issues of truancy from school and more recent concerns about the extent of mental well-being. It uses data from a large-scale survey, the Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (LSYPE). LSYPE provides a very large sample which allows for robust…

  1. Perspective reports of corporal punishment by pupils in Lesotho schools.

    PubMed

    Monyooe, L A

    1993-10-01

    This study surveyed reports of practices of corporal punishment at secondary schools in Lesotho by 60 randomly selected pupils. There were 34 males and 26 females, whose mean age was 21 years, with a range between 14 and 29 years. Responses to a questionnaire confirmed that punishment was associated with pupils' reports of academic impairment, psychological damage, and physical injury. PMID:8234604

  2. School Outcomes: Sharing the Responsibility between Pupil and School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thanassoulis, Emmanuel; Portela, Maria Da Conceicao A. Silva

    2002-01-01

    Uses a Data Envelopment Analysis based approach to decompose pupil underattainment into that attributable to the school the pupil attends and that attributable to the pupil. Approach measures pupil attainment in terms of value added. Results suggest that at current levels of school effectiveness, a pupil's own application accounts for the major…

  3. Using Lesson Study to Develop Teaching Approaches for Secondary School Pupils with Moderate Learning Difficulties: Teachers' Concepts, Attitudes and Pedagogic Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ylonen, Annamari; Norwich, Brahm

    2012-01-01

    This paper reports the findings from a project focused on teaching secondary aged pupils with moderate learning difficulties (MLD) using Lesson Study methodology--a collaborative approach for teachers to assess, evaluate and plan a sequence of lessons that focuses on the learning of one to two focus pupils identified as having MLD. The research…

  4. Brief Report: Multilevel Analysis of School Smoking Policy and Pupil Smoking Behaviour in Wales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wiium, Nora; Burgess, Stephen; Moore, Laurence

    2011-01-01

    A multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from a survey involving 1941 pupils (in grades 10 and 11) and policy indicators developed from interviews with staff from 45 secondary schools in Wales examined the hypotheses that pupil smoking prevalence would be associated with: restrictive staff and pupil smoking policies; dissemination of school

  5. Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, Fall 1972: Pupils, Instructional and Noninstructional Staff, Expenditures and Salaries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Foster, Betty J.

    For the 19th consecutive year the U.S. Office of Education, assisted by education officials from the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and the outlying areas of the United States, has conducted a fall survey of public elementary and secondary day schools. Included are national trend data since fall 1968 on selected items of information. Data…

  6. Study Behaviour and Achievement in Science of Form Five Pupils in Two Secondary Schools in Kuala Lumpur.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gan, Siowck Lee

    1984-01-01

    This study sought to obtain insight into the pattern of relationships between students' achievement in science and study behavior variables. Surveyed were 17-year-olds in the science stream of two secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur. Sex differences were found. (MNS)

  7. Successful Placement or Displacement in the Transition from School to Vocational Training: The Case of Lower Secondary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Skrobanek, Jan; Reissig, Birgit; Muller, Matthias

    2011-01-01

    A system of qualification options has evolved that is complementary to company-based and school-based vocational training. Thus far, these alternatives have been largely disregarded by vocational education research. Yet with respect to the number of annual entries, those alternatives are currently nearly as significant as conventional vocational…

  8. Pupils as GIS-Experts in the Context of Flood Risk - An Interactive Learning Environment for Secondary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Goetzke, Roland; Hodam, Henryk; Rienow, Andreas; Voß, Kerstin

    2013-04-01

    Floods and their destructive consequences for local residents are distributed in the media periodically and are, accordingly, noticed by students. Especially the discussion about the impacts of an anthropogenic climate change on the frequency of extreme events reinforces the importance of addressing the subject in school curricula. Remote sensing and GIS offer a wide range of methods for analyzing problems of vulnerability and risk, but are normally not recognized in school education. Reasons for this are: teachers have not been taught how to use and interpret remote sensing data, and there is only little material or software which can be integrated into school lessons without considerable effort. The main goal of the German FIS-project ("Fernerkundung in Schulen" - "Remote Sensing in Schools") is the development of easy-to-use e-learning material in order to apply remote sensing methods in schools and thereby enforcing learning mechanisms based on the moderate constructivist learning theory. The interactive learning unit "Floods - Dealing with a constant threat" is a learning module for a double lesson that enables young students from age 12 to 16 to use geo data for a site analysis especially focusing on the threat of floods. Following a guiding question from a real-world situation, the students are in demand as experts for site analyses and, in the process, need to identify problems arising with a location decision. Their investigation includes measurements in the three-dimensional space of a study area near the Rhine River. Therefore the students are provided with data from a Digital Elevation Model (DEM), a satellite image and several GIS-layers. The different data sets have to be combined in order to achieve valuable results. At certain points the pupils need to reflect their decisions after incorporating new information against the background of flood risk. The presented learning module is designed in Flash and, thus, is platform-independent. It is freely available on the project's website. While animations impart background information, e.g. the generation of a DEM, the main module relies on real-time simulation. The learning module incorporates elements of game-based learning by making use of interactive simulations and design elements appealing to children and adolescents in order to engage them with the story, but it has a strong focus on the appropriate use of geo data in a scientific context all the same.

  9. FACTORS IN EDUCATIONAL DECISIONS AMONG PUBLIC SCHOOL PUPILS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    DOLE, ARTHUR A.

    THROUGH FACTOR ANALYSIS, THE STRUCTURE OF SELF-REPORTED REASONS FOR SELECTING SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDY PROGRAMS WAS EXPLORED. MAJOR FACTORS AFFECTING EDUCATIONAL DECISIONS WERE STUDY TARGETS. SAMPLES OF PUBLIC SCHOOL PUPILS, WHO VARIED IN HETEROGENEITY, SEX, EDUCATIONAL LEVEL, LOCALE, SOCIOECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS, AND ASPIRATIONS WERE SELECTED.…

  10. Tomorrow's Workforce: School Pupils' Views of a Career in Hospitality. Research Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tregaskis, Olga; And Others

    A survey involving 1,024 secondary pupils and 22 career educators from schools throughout the United Kingdom collected information on pupils' perceptions of entering the hotel and catering industry as a career. The research looked in detail at the job expectations of pupils, the status they associated with hotel and catering and nonhotel and…

  11. The Influence of Graphic Calculators on Secondary School Pupils' Ways of Thinking about the Topic "Positivity and Negativity of Functions"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abu-Naja, Muhammad

    2008-01-01

    Our research project examined the effects of graphic calculators amongst ninth grade pupils from Arab society in the Negev area in Israel. The goal of this research was to discover and characterise the ways of thinking in this population about the concept of positivity and negativity of functions. To perform this investigation we compared two…

  12. The Influence of Parents and Teachers on the Deep Learning Approach of Pupils in Norwegian Upper-Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elstad, Eyvind; Christophersen, Knut-Andreas; Turmo, Are

    2012-01-01

    Introduction: The purpose of this article was to explore the influence of parents and teachers on the deep learning approach of pupils by estimating the strength of the relationships between these factors and the motivation, volition and deep learning approach of Norwegian 16-year-olds. Method: Structural equation modeling for cross-sectional…

  13. Including pupils with special educational needs in secondary school physical education: a sociological analysis of teachers' views

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrew Smith; Ken Green

    2004-01-01

    This paper explores physical education (PE) teachers' views of the inclusion of pupils with special educational needs (SEN) in PE from a figurational sociological perspective. Starting from the premise that teachers' views cannot be adequately explained by studying the concept of inclusion or the teacher in isolation, it is argued that we can only begin to make sense of such

  14. Change in Myself-as-a-Learner Scale (MALS) Scores as Pupils Transfer to and Progress through Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Norgate, Roger; Osborne, Cara; Warhurst, Amy

    2013-01-01

    Longitudinal changes in pupils' academic self-perception (as measured by Myself-As-a-Learner Scale [MALS]) were investigated between Year 6 and Year 10. The possibility of there being gender and attainment differences was also explored. There was a significant drop in mean MALS scores between Years 6 and 7. There was a further drop between…

  15. Turkish Primary School Pupils' Views on Punishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aydin, Bahri

    2010-01-01

    Teachers meet with unwanted behavior when they are acting as facilitators of the learning process and they resort to certain tactics to deal with them. One of these tactics is punishment. This study aimed to identify the views held by Turkish primary school pupils on punishment. According to the results of the study, pupils were punished for…

  16. EAL Pupils in London Schools: A Success Story against the Odds

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wallace, Catherine

    2014-01-01

    In this lecture Professor Catherine Wallace explores the literacy and language development of two groups of EAL (English as an Additional Language) pupils in London schools: Year 5 pupils in a primary school and Year 8 new arrivals in a secondary school. As they navigate their way through the British educational system, the learners recount…

  17. CarboSchools: partnerships between climate researchers and secondary school teachers. CarboOcean's and CarboEurope's combined initiative to educate pupils in latest marine and terrestrial carbon cycle research

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Volbers, A.; Freibauer, A.; Saugier, P.; CarboSchools Consortium

    2009-04-01

    CarboSchools links researchers from several leading carbon science laboratories in Europe with secondary schools. In these partnerships, young Europeans conduct experiments on the impact of greenhouse gases and learn about climate research and the reduction of emissions. Scientists and teachers co-operate to give young people practical experience of research through true investiagtions and direct interactions with scientists. The pupils also have the opportunity to inform the wider community about climate change by producing a final output of articles, exhibitions, conferences etc. Nine research institutes in seven countries are exploring how they can best motivate and support such partnerships at the regional level across a wide variety of contexts, topics, and age-groups. European co-operation makes it possible to compare results, learn from each other and develop replicable good practive. Pupils can gain European experience by getting involved in the Europe-wide "school CO2-web" project. In order to assess the educational impact of the CarboSchools project, an in-depth evaluation of attitudes, beliefs, and skills will be carried out. Started in 2004 by CarboEurope and CarboOcean, two major European Integrated Projects on the terrestrial and marine carbon cycle, CarboSchools is currently funded by the Science and society programme of the EU with a target of ca 100 schools directly involved. Furthermore, EPOCA, a new EU project on ocean acidification, joins forces with CarboSchools.

  18. UK high school pupils' conceptions of geography: research findings and methodological implications

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nick Hopwood

    2009-01-01

    This paper explores substantive and methodological issues in relation to pupils' conceptions of geography. It draws on an in-depth qualitative study with 13–14-year-old pupils from three secondary schools. Selected pupils were interviewed numerous times about their geography classroom experiences and ideas about the subject in general. A detailed analysis revealed that these pupils' ideas are multifaceted in nature, often representing

  19. Cooperative learning in science: intervention in the secondary school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. J. Topping; A. Thurston; A. Tolmie; D. Christie; P. Murray; E. Karagiannidou

    2011-01-01

    The use of cooperative learning in secondary school is reported – an area of considerable concern given attempts to make secondary schools more interactive and gain higher recruitment to university science courses. In this study the intervention group was 259 pupils aged 12–14 years in nine secondary schools, taught by 12 self?selected teachers. Comparison pupils came from both intervention and

  20. Technology enhancing learning: analysing uses of information and communication technologies by primary and secondary school pupils with learning frameworks

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Don Passey

    2006-01-01

    Successive national policy in England has striven to develop uses of information and communication technologies (ICT) to support teaching and learning, and has promoted the adoption of ICT in schools over a period of some 25 years (since the ‘Microcomputer in schools initiative’ of 1981). The current level of deployment of ICT in schools is high. Not only are current

  1. School Social Capital and Pupils' Academic Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haghighat, Elhum

    2005-01-01

    It is widely acknowledged that there are important ties among pupils, parents and schools affecting children's educational outcome. Using NELS: 88, a nationally representative sample of eighth graders in the United States, this study explores the role of schools in their academic performance. The study suggests that, with other things equal,…

  2. Home Tutoring in Ouagadougou: Situation and Influence on the Results of Secondary Education Pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Afsata PARE-KABORE

    To fight against school at secondary school and to improve the results of the pupils, parents and children recourse to what is called « home tutoring». This means that teachers are paid by the parents on a task basis to tutor children outside the class (usually at home). This phenomenon is increasingly frequent in Burkina Faso, particularly in the capital

  3. Capturing the Pupil Voice of Secondary Gifted and Talented Students Who Had Attended an Enrichment Programme in Their Infant School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Houghton, Chris

    2014-01-01

    The study was conducted during the Easter holidays of 2010 at Rawmarsh City Learning Centre with 16 students from school years 8 to 11 who had participated, during their infant years, in a gifted and talented Key Stage One Enrichment Cluster. The students represented a wide range of backgrounds, and five were identified as being on the autistic…

  4. Success in Writing: A Classroom Study with Slower Learning Pupils in Three Scottish Secondary Schools. (S3/S4).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Peacock, Colin; Roger, Angela

    A small scale research project involving teaching writing skills to slower learning students in three different Scottish schools is the focus of this volume. Chapter 1 discusses the context and nature of the project, while chapter 2 presents teachers' accounts of their professional practices in teaching writing, including their perceptions of…

  5. Academic Achievement, Pupil Participation and Integration of Group Work Skills in Secondary School Classrooms in Trinidad and Barbados

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Layne, Anthony; Jules, Vena; Kutnick, Peter; Layne, Clarissa

    2008-01-01

    Studies have shown a positive relationship between a rise in schooling levels and economic production [World Bank, 2005. A Time to Choose: Caribbean Development in the 21st Century. World Bank, Washington, DC; Jules, V., Panneflek, A., 2000. EFA in the Caribbean: Assessment 2000, Sub-Regional Report, vol. 2, The State of Education in the Caribbean…

  6. School Pupils' Beliefs about Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Black, Paul; Swann, Joanna; Wiliam, Dylan

    2006-01-01

    The Learning How to Learn (LHTL) Projects study of learning was comprehensive in attempting to explore learning practices from several different perspectives. This paper reports one of these explorations: into the beliefs and attitudes of pupils. This was carried out using questionnaires composed of questions exploring beliefs about, and attitudes…

  7. Appropriate Pupilness: Social Categories Intersecting in School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kofoed, Jette

    2008-01-01

    The analytical focus in this article is on how social categories intersect in daily school life and how intersections intertwine with other empirically relevant categories such as normality, pupilness and (in)appropriatedness. The point of empirical departure is a daily ritual where teams for football are selected. The article opens up for a…

  8. Exploring Pupils' Perceptions of Teacher Racism in Their Context: A Case Study of Turkish and Belgian Vocational Education Pupils in a Belgian School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stevens, Peter A. J.

    2008-01-01

    This article employs ethnographic data gathered from one Belgian (Flemish) secondary school to explore the meaning Belgian and Turkish-speaking minority pupils enrolled in technical and vocational education attach to teacher racism and racial discrimination, and to explore variations between pupils in making claims of teacher racism. A symbolic…

  9. Shaping Attitude toward Christianity among Year Seven Pupils: The Influence of Sex, Church, Home and Primary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swindells, Tracy; Francis, Leslie J.; Robbins, Mandy

    2010-01-01

    This study set out to examine the differences in attitude toward Christianity among year seven secondary school pupils who had undertaken their primary education either in a Church of England voluntary aided school or a non-denominational state-maintained school. Data were provided by 492 year-seven pupils attending three Church of England…

  10. Pupil Composition and Accountability: An Analysis in English Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lauder, Hugh; Kounali, Daphne; Robinson, Tony; Goldstein, Harvey

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines the role of social class and prior achievement composition effects on pupils' progress and the judgements made about school performance. It finds that there are small but significant compositional effects on pupil progress raising questions about how pupils can best be allocated to schools. Comparisons between the official…

  11. Home, School and Pupil Attitudes.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dolan, Lawrence J.

    1980-01-01

    Data from 346 urban, Black elementary school students, their parents, and their teachers were analyzed for: (1) prediction of achievement from quality of instruction/home concern and support (HCS); (2) mutual impact of school and home on achievement; and (3) relationship between school membership and the level of HCS. (RL)

  12. Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975; High School Umbrella Number 2, School Year 1975.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toledo, Victor

    The Elementary Secondary Education Act Title I program, Summer Reading Remediation for Incoming Pupils 1975, had two goals: to improve reading skills by supplying an intensive program of remediation in reading and to orient incoming students to their new school environment and its staff. Participating in the program were 2807 ninth and tenth grade…

  13. Pupils’ and teachers’ experiences of school-based physical education: a qualitative study

    PubMed Central

    Lewis, Kiara

    2014-01-01

    Objectives To explore pupils’ and teachers’ experiences of physical education (PE). Study design A qualitative investigation employing semistructured interviews. Self Determination Theory was used as a guiding theory and Template Analysis was used to analyse the data. Setting A secondary school in the North East of England. Participants 14 pupils (aged 13 and 14, boys and girls) with a range of self-perceived competencies regarding PE and four PE teachers of the pupils (3 male, 1 female). Primary and secondary outcomes (1) Attitudes and perceptions of PE pupils regarding their experiences of compulsory school PE lessons. (2) PE teachers’ experiences of teaching PE. Results Key results from pupils and teachers suggest pupils enjoy participation in PE when they feel competent, in control and supported by others. Feeling competent depended on (1) the activity within PE and (2) the pupils perceived physical capabilities/aptitude. Feeling in control related to (1) having a choice of activities, (2) being able to set exertion levels and (3) control over clothes worn while taking part. Relationships within pupil groups and between pupils and teachers were perceived as important. Teachers could positively influence their pupils’ enjoyment by understanding and supporting their personal goals, as opposed to dictating and controlling what they did and for how long, and by promoting a non-threatening atmosphere between pupils. Conclusions Rising obesity levels and concerns over the fitness of children and young people has returned the focus of PE to its potential as a vehicle for promoting health. This study suggests schools and PE teachers in particular can positively influence the PE experience of both boys and girls by providing more choice of activities and letting pupils make their own decisions based on their personal needs. PMID:25227625

  14. Language Varieties and Educational Achievement of Indigenous Primary School Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Driessen, Geert; Withagen, Virgie

    1999-01-01

    Explores relationships between standard language and arithmetic-test performance and a range of language-related family characteristics in the Netherlands. The sample consists of 7730 pupils from nearly 700 primary schools. The main question is whether pupils who use standard Dutch perform better than pupils from another language variety, such as…

  15. Gypsy, Roma and Traveller Pupils in Schools in the UK: Inclusion and "Good Practice"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhopal, Kalwant; Myers, Martin

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines inclusionary processes and examples of "good practice" in primary and secondary schools for Gypsy, Roma and Traveller pupils in one inner London Borough in the UK. It will explore the role of the Traveller Education Service (TES) and argue that the support provided by the TES to schools is essential for the development of "good…

  16. Artists in Cypriot Primary Schools: The Pupils' Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sanderson, Patricia; Savva, Andri

    2004-01-01

    Musicians and visual artists are appointed to work as specialist teachers in Cypriot primary schools because of their artistic expertise. However, little information is available concerning these artists and their work in schools, including the perceptions of the pupils. This paper reports on an investigation into the nature of the pupils'…

  17. "This Is a School, It's Not a Site": Teachers' Attitudes towards Gypsy and Traveller Pupils in Schools in England, UK

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhopal, Kalwant

    2011-01-01

    This article examines teachers' attitudes towards Gypsy and Traveller pupils in one primary and one secondary school in an inner-London borough in England, UK. The research is based on in-depth interviews with 20 teachers, heads, deputies and classroom assistants. The main aims of the study were to examine examples of "good practice" in schools

  18. Development and testing of school furniture suitable for disabled pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Huwiler; A. Martens

    At the School for Physically and Mentally Disabled Children in Zurich, it was decided to replace all the furniture. The new furniture was required to meet ergonomic regulations, as well as the very individual needs of the disabled pupils. In regard to the pupils' desks and chairs, the aim was to shift from individually tailored solutions to products with a

  19. Class-Size Effects in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Krassel, Karl Fritjof; Heinesen, Eskil

    2014-01-01

    We analyze class-size effects on academic achievement in secondary school in Denmark exploiting an institutional setting where pupils cannot predict class size prior to enrollment, and where post-enrollment responses aimed at affecting realized class size are unlikely. We identify class-size effects combining a regression discontinuity design with…

  20. Raising the achievement of African heritage pupils: a case study of good practice in British schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feyisa Demie; Christabel McLean

    2007-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to investigate how pupils from black African backgrounds are helped to achieve high standards in schools and to identify the factors that contribute to the success of raising achievement. Two complementary methodological approaches were adopted, each contributing a particular set of data to the study. First, General Certificate of Secondary Education (GCSE) empirical investigation

  1. Feedback in Educational Communication in Czech Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sedova, Klara; Svaricek, Roman

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces an empirical study that examines how teachers evaluate pupils' responses. The study draws on research undertaken at four secondary schools in the Czech Republic. It transpires that feedback has a stable position in the structure of communication; however, it is used only to verify pupils' responses and not to elaborate them.…

  2. Pupil

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    The Exploratorium

    2012-06-26

    In this activity, learners explore their eye pupils and how they change. Learners use a magnifying glass, mirror, and flashlight to observe how their pupil changes size in response to changes in lighting. Learners also experiment to determine how light shining in one eye affects the size of the pupil in their other eye. This resource guide includes background information about pupils and why they change as well as information related to emotional stimuli, involuntary reflexes, and photography.

  3. Factors Associated With Pupil Toilet Use in Kenyan Primary Schools

    PubMed Central

    Garn, Joshua V.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D.; Kramer, Michael R.; Brumback, Babette A.; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils’ use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils’ use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils’ use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

  4. Factors associated with pupil toilet use in kenyan primary schools.

    PubMed

    Garn, Joshua V; Caruso, Bethany A; Drews-Botsch, Carolyn D; Kramer, Michael R; Brumback, Babette A; Rheingans, Richard D; Freeman, Matthew C

    2014-09-01

    The purpose of this study was to quantify how school sanitation conditions are associated with pupils' use of sanitation facilities. We conducted a longitudinal assessment in 60 primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya, using structured observations to measure facility conditions and pupils' use at specific facilities. We used multivariable mixed regression models to characterize how pupil to toilet ratio was associated with toilet use at the school-level and also how facility conditions were associated with pupils' use at specific facilities. We found a piecewise linear relationship between decreasing pupil to toilet ratio and increasing pupil toilet use (p < 0.01). Our data also revealed significant associations between toilet use and newer facility age (p < 0.01), facility type (p < 0.01), and the number of toilets in a facility (p < 0.01). We found some evidence suggesting facility dirtiness may deter girls from use (p = 0.06), but not boys (p = 0.98). Our study is the first to rigorously quantify many of these relationships, and provides insight into the complexity of factors affecting pupil toilet use patterns, potentially leading to a better allocation of resources for school sanitation, and to improved health and educational outcomes for children. PMID:25233014

  5. New Technologies, New Differences. Gender and Ethnic Differences in Pupils' Use of ICT in Primary and Secondary Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volman, Monique; van Eck, Edith; Heemskerk, Irma; Kuiper, Els

    2005-01-01

    This paper investigates the accessibility and attractiveness of different types of ICT applications in education for girls and boys and for pupils from families with an ethnic minority background and from the majority population in the Netherlands. A study was conducted in seven schools (primary and secondary). Data were collected on…

  6. Relationships for Learning: Using Pupil Voice to Define Teacher-Pupil Relationships that Enhance Pupil Engagement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh, Helena

    2012-01-01

    This paper is a summary of a pupil voice research project conducted to investigate the influence that teacher-pupil relationships have on pupils' feelings of engagement with their school. The study involved two year groups (12-13 and 14-15 year olds) in a rural secondary school in Cambridgeshire. Data sources were collected through a questionnaire…

  7. Motivation and Attribution at Secondary School: the role of gender

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pauline Lightbody; Gerda Siann; Ruth Stocks; David Walsh

    1996-01-01

    A total of 1068 secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire concerned with enjoyment of school, enjoyment of subjects and what they attributed academic success to. Gender differences were shown in the overall enjoyment of school (girls expressing greater enjoyment). Girls also reported liking friends, teachers, outings and lessons more than boys, while boys reported liking sports and school clubs more.

  8. Ethnic School Segregation and Self-Esteem: The Role of Teacher-Pupil Relationships

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Agirdag, Orhan; Van Houtte, Mieke; Van Avermaet, Piet

    2012-01-01

    The authors examine whether school segregation is related to pupils' global self-esteem and whether this association is mediated by teacher-pupil relationships. Multilevel analyses based on a survey of 2,845 pupils (aged 10 to 12) in 68 primary schools in Belgian urban areas reveal that, for native-Belgian pupils, a higher proportion of immigrants…

  9. School building investment and impact on pupil performance

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Daniel Green; Patricia Turrell

    2005-01-01

    Purpose – To provide information on a small-scale study that explores the impact on pupil performance of the recent significant government investment in school buildings in a single county of England. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – The design approach was to focus on the schools and those involved in teaching in order to explore their perspective of the link between investment and improved

  10. Achievement of Black Caribbean pupils: good practice in Lambeth schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Feyisa Demie

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this research article is to investigate how pupils from Black Caribbean backgrounds are helped to achieve high standards in British schools and to identify a number of significant common themes for success in raising the achievement. It draws evidence of good practice from 13 case study schools in the local education authority (LEA). The main findings of

  11. School Democratic Meetings: Pupil Control Discourse in Disguise

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornberg, Robert

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this qualitative case study is to investigate how learning in "democratic participation" is constituted by the social interaction and conversation pattern in school democratic meetings in a Swedish primary school. According to the findings, a pupil control discourse and the Initiation-Response-Evaluation pattern dominates the…

  12. Efficiency and Economy in School Bus Pupil Transportation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Larsen, Robert A.

    1980-01-01

    Areas to analyze in any evaluation of a school bus pupil transportation program are the administrator's role, operations and administration of the program, maps and map system coordination, time schedules for all schools, the recordkeeping system, the reimbursement aid formula, and specifications and bidding on transportation equipment.…

  13. The Antlion Project with School Pupils in Zomba, Malawi

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Young, Simon

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an account of a practical outdoor science project using the larvae of antlions with year 5 and 6 (age 10-11) pupils from Sir Harry Johnston International Primary School in Zomba, Malawi. Aim: To conduct a science project outdoors using scientific enquiry and knowledge in a typical African school environment and to see whether…

  14. Secondary School Admissions in England 2001 to 2008: Changing Legislation, Policy and Practice

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, Anne; Barham, Eleanor; Hind, Audrey

    2011-01-01

    The distribution of pupils amongst schools is fundamental to concerns about equality of educational opportunity and it is for this reason that the process by which pupils are admitted to schools is of significance. This paper focuses on admissions criteria and practices used by English secondary schools in 2001 and 2008 in light of changes to…

  15. Are Polish Primary School Pupils in Favor of Wearing Uniforms? Snapshot Comment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Asotska, Julia; Butler, Norman L.; Davidson, Barry S.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Brown, Veda E.; Kritsonis, Wiilliam Allan

    2007-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to discuss whether Polish primary school pupils want to wear uniforms, and it is motivated by the Polish government's recently proposed policy: Zero Tolerance for Violence at School. Seventy one pupils, who attend Podstawowka Nr30 school in Cracow, were surveyed, and the authors found that most pupils are not in…

  16. Operation C.O.D. "Curtailment of Dropouts." A Program Designed to Improve Pupil Self-Esteem Thereby Reducing Future School Dropouts. Maxi II Practicum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bennett, Edward C.

    The purpose of this study was to develop and test a counseling program designed to improve pupil self-esteem, thereby hopefully reducing the number of future school dropouts The program was conducted at Cooley Education and Vocational Guidance Center and served 87 pupils. The need for such a program was apparent when the high rate of secondary

  17. Middle School Pupil Writing and the Word Processor.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Pupils in middle schools should have ample opportunities to write with the use of word processors. Legible writing in longhand will always be necessary in selected situations but, nevertheless, much drudgery is taken care of when using a word processor. Word processors tend to be very user friendly in that few mechanical skills are needed by the…

  18. How Pervasive Are Relative Age Effects in Secondary School Education?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stephen Cobley; Jim McKenna; Joeseph Baker; Nick Wattie

    2009-01-01

    Relative age effects (RAEs; R. H. Barnsley, A. H. Thompson, & P. E. Barnsley, 1985) convey school attainment (dis)advantages depending on whether one is relatively older or younger within annually age-grouped cohorts. In the present study, the authors examined the pervasiveness of RAEs by examining (a) attainment in 4 secondary school subjects, (b) attainment consistency across subjects, (c) pupils enrolled

  19. How Large are Secondary School Effects in Northern Ireland?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Daly

    1991-01-01

    This study is concerned with estimates of secondary school effect size in Northern Ireland. Utilising data from a random sample of the region's schools, four indices of pupil achievement variation in public examinations are employed. These outcome measures are (i) overall examination achievement ? a composite weighted measure ?together with achievement in General Certificate of Education examinations in (ii) English,

  20. Effectiveness of a Computer-Mediated Simulations Program in School Biology on Pupils' Learning Outcomes in Cell Theory

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kiboss, Joel K.; Ndirangu, Mwangi; Wekesa, Eric W.

    2004-01-01

    Biology knowledge and understanding is important not only for the conversion of the loftiest dreams into reality for a better life of individuals but also for preparing secondary pupils for such fields as agriculture, medicine, biotechnology, and genetic engineering. But a recent study has revealed that many aspects of school science (biology…

  1. Aspirations and Assumptions: A Researcher's Account of Pupil Involvement in School-Based Research

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mearns, Tessa L.; Coyle, Do; de Graaff, Rick

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes a research project conducted in collaboration with 10 "pupil co-researchers" (PCRs) and their classes in a secondary school in the Netherlands. The main research tools employed were online and face-to-face group discussions, in which PCRs contributed as consultants, co-designers and assistants. The research proved a…

  2. Pupils' Thinking and Course Requirements in Science Teaching (EKNA). Newsletter School Research.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Andersson, Bjorn; And Others

    The ENKA Project is concerned with two major problem areas: the conceptions of physical and chemical phenomena, central to an upper level course, held by compulsory school pupils (grades 7-9) and the implications from descriptions of pupils' conceptions and ways of reasoning for current teaching practice. To determine conceptions held, pupils were…

  3. Persistent Absenteeism among Irish Primary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornton, Maeve; Darmody, Merike; McCoy, Selina

    2013-01-01

    A growing number of international studies document the importance of regular school attendance. There is a consensus among authors that absenteeism has negative implications for academic achievement as well as the social development of the child and may put them at a disadvantage in terms of their position in the education and labour market. Most…

  4. Inequalities in Croatian pupils' risk behaviors associated to socioeconomic environment at school and area level: a multilevel approach.

    PubMed

    Pavic Simetin, Ivana; Kern, Josipa; Kuzman, Marina; Pförtner, Timo-Kolja

    2013-12-01

    The socioeconomic inequality in pupils' risk behaviors has been the topic of many studies with quite contradictory findings. Furthermore, the role of socioeconomic environment has been analyzed much less often than the role of individual socioeconomic status (SES). This study examined the association between school/area-level socioeconomic environment and Croatian pupils' risk behaviors (tobacco use, drunkenness, cannabis use, early sexual initiation and fighting). Data from the WHO-Collaborative 'Health Behavior in School-aged Children' study conducted in Croatia in 2006 (1601 secondary schools' pupils, aged 15) and census data were used. Multilevel logistic regression analyses, adjusted by gender, were performed. The individual level of SES explained the majority of differences in all risk behaviors among adolescents. Differences in tobacco use, early sexual initiation and fighting were more closely attributed to school level than area level, which was more closely associated with differences in adolescent drunkenness and cannabis use. At the individual level, high individual SES was associated with higher probability for tobacco use and drunkenness compared to low individual SES. Furthermore, school heterogeneity (compared to school homogeneity) and medium school-level SES (compared to low school-level SES) were associated with higher probability for cannabis use. Compared to the most advanced schools (gymnasiums), attending the least advanced schools (industrial and crafts schools) was associated with higher probability for fighting. Compared to low area-level SES, medium area-level SES was associated with higher probability for cannabis use and fighting. Conclusively, it was found that low SES at individual, school and area levels, school homogeneity and advanced school attendance play a protective role against risk behaviors. To reduce inequalities in pupils' risk behaviors, there is a need for community and school-based programs that take into consideration not only individual SES but also school- and area-level socioeconomic circumstances. PMID:24331894

  5. School Effects on Pupils' Health Behaviours: Evidence in Support of the Health Promoting School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    West, P.; Sweeting, H.; Leyland, A.

    2004-01-01

    Compared with the volume of research on school effects on educational outcomes, and in spite of growing interest in the health promoting school, there are very few studies that have investigated the way schools influence pupils' health behaviours. This paper reports the results of a longitudinal study of over 2000 young people in the West of…

  6. The Moral Construction of the Good Pupil Embedded in School Rules

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thornberg, Robert

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this field study was to investigate the hidden curriculum of school rules delimited to the moral construction of "the good pupil" embedded in the system of school rules in two primary schools. According to the findings, the rule system mediates a moral construction of the good pupil to the children, and this actually includes two…

  7. RUSSIAN FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany.

    THE NEW YORK STATE SYLLABUS FOR RUSSIAN IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS FOLLOWS THE SAME FORMAT AS THOSE FOR FRENCH, GERMAN, AND SPANISH, AND FOR COMPLETE TEXT, INCLUDING GENERAL SECTIONS ON TEACHING LANGUAGES, THE READER MUST REFER TO ONE OF THOSE THREE BOOKS. THIS GUIDE DELINEATES THE AIMS, TECHNIQUES, CONTENT, AND SCOPE OF RUSSIAN INSTRUCTION FOR A 6-YEAR…

  8. GUIDANCE GUIDELINES. A HANDBOOK FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL COUNSELORS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    EHLERS, DOROTHY; AND OTHERS

    DIRECTIONAL PROCEDURES AND TECHNIQUES FOR ADMINISTERING THE OVERALL PROGRAM OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GUIDANCE ARE PRESENTED. THE MAJOR EMPHASIS OF THIS GUIDANCE PROGRAM IS UPON OCCUPATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT OF ALL THE PUPILS. SERVICES OF THE GUIDANCE PROGRAM ARE DESCRIBED AT LENGTH. THE KEY IS COUNSELING, OF INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS.…

  9. Bullying in 25 secondary schools: incidence, impact and intervention

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Derek Glover; Gerry Gough; Michael Johnson

    2000-01-01

    Summary This paper outlines an investigation of the incidence and impact of physical, verbal and property-violation bullying in 25 secondary schools within a partner- ship operating with Keele University. The investigation also considers the impact of antisocial behaviour on pupils and the effectiveness of intervention to secure improved behaviour patterns. Evidence shows that in any year 75 per cent of

  10. Self-Esteem and School Interest of Black Fifth-Grade Pupils as a Function of Demographic Categorization.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Beers, Joan S.

    This report identifies significant differences in self-esteem and school interest among black fifth-grade pupils when the following differ: (1) the school's racial composition; (2) the pupil's sex; (3) the pupil's socioeconomic status; and (4) the school's socioeconomic composition. The report concludes that while school districts can neither…

  11. Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howard, A. E.

    2008-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary

  12. [Pupil Performance in the Elementary Schools of Atlanta, Ga.] Research and Development Report, Volume 6, Numbers 15, 16, and 19, December 1972, March 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vivona, Carol; And Others

    Since a large number of the pupils at each of the three schools examined in this document had shown a need for compensatory services, they were classified as Title I schools and thus were qualified to receive supplementary funds and additional personnel through Title I, 1965 Elementary and Secondary Education Act grant allocations. In addition,…

  13. Gender Issues in Internet Access and Favourite Internet Activities among Greek High School Pupils inside and outside School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Papastergiou, Marina; Solomonidou, Christina

    2005-01-01

    This study investigates gender differences in Internet use by Greek high school pupils within school and out of school environments. A sample of 340 pupils (170 boys and 170 girls), aged 12-16 years, completed a written questionnaire on their attainability, location, frequency and purposes of Internet access. The data analysis showed that more…

  14. Secondary Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences towards Studying in an Inclusive Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tsang, Kwan Lan Vicky

    2013-01-01

    The primary aim of this research study was to investigate and compare the attitudes and perceptions of secondary pupils, with and without Special Education Needs, towards studying together on the same campus. Both qualitative and quantitative data were gathered from the use of the "On the Same Campus" questionnaire by surveying 216…

  15. A Mokken Scale to Assess Secondary Pupils' Experience of Violence in Terms of Severity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2012-01-01

    Violence assessment can potentially be improved by Item Response Theory, that is, ordinal Mokken Scale Analysis. The research question is as follows: Does Mokken Scale Analysis of secondary pupils' experience of violence result in a homogeneous, reliable, and valid unidimensional scale that fits all the requirements of Mokken scaling? The method…

  16. Body piercing and tattoo: awareness of health related risks among 4,277 Italian secondary school adolescents

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Luca Cegolon; Enrico Miatto; Melania Bortolotto; Mirca Benetton; Francesco Mazzoleni; Giuseppe Mastrangelo

    2010-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The awareness of health risks associated with body art among secondary school pupils has never previously been studied in depth. A large sample of secondary school adolescents from the Veneto Region (North East Italy) were investigated in order to inform health education programs. METHODS: 6 public secondary schools from each of the 7 Provinces of the Veneto Region were

  17. Comparing Slovenian Year 8 and Year 9 Elementary School Pupils' Knowledge of Electrolyte Chemistry and Their Intrinsic Motivation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Devetak, Iztok; Lorber, Erna Drofenik; Jurisevic, Mojca; Glazar, Sasa A.

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the differences between eight-year elementary school pupils (before the curriculum reform) and nine-year elementary school pupils (soon after the curriculum reform) in Slovenia, as regards specific chemistry knowledge and motivation to learn chemistry. Altogether, 191 elementary school pupils participated in the study. The…

  18. "What about Us?" Gypsies, Travellers and "White Racism" in Secondary Schools in England

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bhopal, Kalwant

    2011-01-01

    This article examines the concept of "White racism" in relation to the experiences of Gypsy and Traveller groups in England. It is based on ethnographic research conducted in two secondary schools during the years 2006-2009. Interviews were carried out with pupils attending the secondary schools, their mothers and members of the Traveller…

  19. Musical exploration using ICT in the middle and secondary school classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christopher J. Ward

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I explore musical creativity through Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This article aims to show that secondary school pupils can compose freely using ICT in the classroom, easing and `democratizing' the creative process, enabling a high standard for all, regardless of formal musical training. The fieldwork project was conducted across one secondary school (Years 9—13, ages 14—18)

  20. The effectiveness of peer support systems in challenging school bullying: the perspectives and experiences of teachers and pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    PAUL NAYLOR; HELEN COWIE

    1999-01-01

    This large-scale questionnaire survey (n=2313) has sought teachers' and pupils' perceptions and experiences of peer support systems in challenging bullying in U.K. (mainly English) secondary schools and colleges (n=51). In general, these systems have been found to be effective in reducing the negative effects of bullying for victims. Collectively, the respondents also perceive many important benefits to users of these

  1. High School Class for Gifted Pupils in Physics and Sciences and Pupils' Skills Measured by Standard and Pisa Test

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Djordjevic, G. S.; Pavlovic-Babic, D.

    2010-01-01

    The "High school class for students with special abilities in physics" was founded in Nis, Serbia (www.pmf.ni.ac.yu/f_odeljenje) in 2003. The basic aim of this project has been introducing a broadened curriculum of physics, mathematics, computer science, as well as chemistry and biology. Now, six years after establishing of this specialized class, and 3 years after the previous report, we present analyses of the pupils' skills in solving rather problem oriented test, as PISA test, and compare their results with the results of pupils who study under standard curricula. More precisely results are compared to the progress results of the pupils in a standard Grammar School and the corresponding classes of the Mathematical Gymnasiums in Nis. Analysis of achievement data should clarify what are benefits of introducing in school system track for gifted students. Additionally, item analysis helps in understanding and improvement of learning strategies' efficacy. We make some conclusions and remarks that may be useful for the future work that aims to increase pupils' intrinsic and instrumental motivation for physics and sciences, as well as to increase the efficacy of teaching physics and science.

  2. What Was It Like for You? Former Pupils' Reflections on Their Placement at a Residential School for Pupils with Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polat, Filiz; Farrell, Peter

    2002-01-01

    Findings from 26 former pupils of a residential school for boys (ages 7-19) with emotional/behavioral disorders indicate that, despite some concerns, the former pupils have very positive memories of the school and felt that it had helped them to overcome their learning and behavioral difficulties. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)

  3. The Effects of Selected School Related Variables on Geographic Knowledge of Elementary School Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Berryman, Charles; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Presents results of a study determining the level of place name knowledge and map skills of middle school pupils. Explores place location, symbols, legend, scale, seasons, directions, time zones, latitude, and longitude. Reports higher scores for males, transient students, and previous students of geography. Concludes that increased instruction is…

  4. Personality Correlates of Academic Achievement and Laboratory Learning of Elementary School Pupils. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butterfield, Earl C.; Weaver, S. Joseph

    This paper reports three studies designed to determine if significant increases could be made in the prediction of elementary school pupils' academic achievement by adding personality measures to intellectual measures after mental age and intelligent quotient leveling. A fourth study examined the utility of leveling pupils on socioeconomic…

  5. The Last Place to Look: The Place of Pupil Councils within Citizen Participation in Scottish Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cross, Beth; Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This article critically examines pupil councils as a means of developing pupils' citizenship participation. It draws on findings across two research projects. The first study is a mixed method study commissioned by Learning and Teaching Scotland (LTS) that reviews the range of participatory activities in Scottish schools and their…

  6. Pupils' Perceptions of Bullying and Disruptions to Concentration and Attention to School Work

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boulton, Michael

    2008-01-01

    It is well known that many pupils are bullied and suffer in a variety of ways as a result. This study looks at a largely overlooked outcome of bullying that may have direct consequences for academic success--disrupted concentration and attention to school work. Using pupil perceptions as the source of data, the two main aims were to quantify the…

  7. "Closer to the Ground": Pupil "Voice" and the Development of Knowledge about Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wood, Margaret

    2011-01-01

    Most pupils, if asked, might be expected to have a view about their school and increasingly the value and significance of including pupils' perspectives in matters and decisions which affect them and their lives appears to be gaining recognition. The rationale for, and importance of, including the views and perceptions of those we have described…

  8. Impact of Some Environmental Education Outdoor Activities on Nigerian Primary School Pupils' Environmental Knowledge

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ajiboye, Josiah O.; Olatundun, Sunday Adekojo

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the impact of outdoor educational activities on pupils' knowledge of some environmental issues and problems. A pretest, posttest, control group, quasi-experimental design was adopted for the study. Four hundred and eighty primary 5 pupils from 12 randomly selected primary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria, constituted the subjects…

  9. Primary School Pupils' Perceptions of Water in the Context of STS Study Approach

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Havu-Nuutinen, Sari; Karkkainen, Sirpa; Keinonen, Tuula

    2011-01-01

    This paper focuses on pupils' perceptions of water issues. The instructional situations take place in a Finnish primary school and aim at introducing the Science-Technology-Society (STS) study approach. The primary aim of this study is, in the context of STS instruction, to describe issues that pupils associate with water. This paper involves…

  10. Dampness, food habits, and sick building syndrome symptoms in elementary school pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Yasuaki Saijo; Yoshihiko Nakagi; Toshihiro Ito; Yoshihiko Sugioka; Hitoshi Endo; Takahiko Yoshida

    2010-01-01

    Objectives  We investigated dampness\\/mold in schools and dwellings, and food habits and subjective symptoms in elementary school pupils,\\u000a in order to clarify the effect of dampness and food habits on subjective symptoms in elementary school pupils.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  Questionnaires were used to investigate dampness in classrooms and dwellings in Hokkaido, Japan, and its effect on subjective\\u000a symptoms in 1,077 pupils in 8 elementary

  11. School Finance Reform: A Weighted Pupil Formula for California. Report 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Perry, Mary

    2012-01-01

    Governor Jerry Brown has called for a major overhaul of California's school finance policies. His proposal for a weighted pupil funding system would simplify the rules that govern the distribution of funds to schools and school districts, while targeting a larger share of available resources to the schools and students with the greatest needs. In…

  12. Learning Mathematics--Letting the Pupils Have Their Say

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lee, Clare; Johnston-Wilder, Sue

    2013-01-01

    Pupil voice is an emerging force for change and improvement in many UK schools, but what is not fully understood is how best to access pupil voice within the specific context of secondary mathematics departments. This paper presents a research project designed to use pupils as co-researchers in increasing knowledge about how to improve learning in…

  13. Pattern of ocular trauma among primary school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ayanniyi, A A; Mahmoud, O A; Olatunji, F O; Ayanniyi, R O

    2009-06-01

    To report the pattern of ocular trauma among school pupils in Ilorin, Nigeria, a cross sectional survey of primary school children in 10 randomly selected primary schools within Ilorin, Nigeria was carried out between July 2005 and January 2006. Relevant ocular history and basic ocular examinations were carried out on the children that were selected from a multi-stage sampling process. Diagnosis of ocular trauma was based on historical recollection together with corroborating ocular signs among affected pupils. Ocular trauma was found among 11 (8 boys and 3 girls) out of 1393 (0.8%) pupils and their ages ranged from 5 to 13 years. The trauma related ocular pathology found among the 11 pupils included unilateral phthisis bulbi (2, 0.14%), couching (1, 0.07%) and retinal detachment (1, 0.07%) all leading to blindness in the affected eyes. There was also a unilateral visual impairment caused by traumatic optic atrophy. Others included eyelid bruises (2, 0.14%) and one pupil (0.07%) each with hyphema, eyelid ecchymosis, eyelid laceration, and subconjunctival haemorrhage. The ocular trauma occurred following unsupervised play (4, 36.40%), corporal punishment at school and at home (3, 27.30%), fight (2, 18.20%), home accident (1, 9.10%) and couching (1, 9.10%). School pupils can lose vision to preventable traumatic eye injuries both at school and at home. Measures to minimize ocular trauma both in the home and at school are advocated. PMID:20175424

  14. Requirements for Certification: Teachers, Counselors, Librarians, Administrators for Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools, Junior Colleges. 45th Edition, 1980/81.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Woellner, Elizabeth H.

    This book presents up to date information on the state and regional certification differences and changes in the various educational fields. Certification standards for early childhood, elementary, and secondary teachers, pupil personnel services, administrators, special educators, special school service personnel, counselors, school librarians,…

  15. Teachers and Tests: Assessing Pupils' Reading Achievement in Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Johansson, Stefan; Myrberg, Eva; Rosen, Monica

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to examine validity aspects of teachers' judgements of pupils' reading skills. Data come from Sweden's participation in the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) 2001, for Grades 3 and 4. For pupils at the same achievement levels, as measured by PIRLS 2001 test, teachers' judgements of…

  16. Trends in Disparities in School District Level Expenditures per Pupil

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    This statistical analysis report, posted in December by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), "examines disparities between school districts in instructional expenditures in elementary and secondary schools for each state and also for geographic regions and the nation as a whole for the period from 1979-80 to 1993-94." The report indicates declining disparities for most states during this period, but cautions that such results may not always reflect a "more equitable distribution of education expenditures" since "the percentage and distribution of special needs students may have changed over that period."

  17. The Leading Group Effect: Illusionary Declines in Scholastic Standard Scores of Mid-Range Japanese Junior High School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mori, Kazuo; Uchida, Akitoshi

    2012-01-01

    Longitudinal change in the average Z scores for four groups of pupils sorted by quartiles was examined for its stability over three years. The data, collected from 1998 to 2009, was obtained from nine cohorts of Japanese junior high school pupils totaling 1,962 subjects. It showed illusionary declines among the mid-range pupils but improvements…

  18. Deaf Pupils' Reasoning about Scientific Phenomena: School Science as a Framework for Understanding or as Fragments of Factual Knowledge.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Molander, B. O.; Pedersen, Svend; Norell, Kia

    2001-01-01

    A Swedish interview study of how deaf pupils reason about phenomena in a science context revealed significant variation in the extent to which pupils used scientific principles for reasoning about science phenomena, which suggests that for some pupils, school science offers little as a framework for reasoning. (Contains references.) (DB)

  19. Pennies from Heaven? Using Exogenous Tax Variation to Identify Effects of School Resources on Pupil Achievement

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haegeland, Torbjorn; Raaum, Oddbjorn; Salvanes, Kjell G.

    2012-01-01

    Evidence on the effectiveness of school inputs remains inconclusive, partly due to the challenge of identification as families sort themselves into school districts and resources are potentially allocated to compensate (or reinforce) differences in pupil abilities. Using variation in school resources induced by the location of waterfalls in…

  20. Free Textbooks for Public-School Pupils. Bulletin, 1923, No. 50

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hood, William R.

    1924-01-01

    It is now more than a hundred years since textbooks were first furnished free to the pupils of a public school in this country. The movement began in the administration of city schools and, generally speaking, was confined to cities for many years. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, made provision for free textbooks in its public schools in 1818, and…

  1. Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education in Catholic Secondary Schools: Stakeholders' Views

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fincham, David

    2007-01-01

    During 1999-2000, the writer carried out a survey of six randomly selected Catholic secondary schools in England to examine the attitudes of stakeholder groups towards Citizenship and Personal, Social and Health Education. Questionnaires were completed by six governors, 12 parents, 139 pupils, 12 teachers and six school leaders, providing insight…

  2. Bullied by Siblings: Association with Peer Victimisation and Behaviour Problems in Israeli Lower Secondary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wolke, Dieter; Samara, Muthanna M.

    2004-01-01

    Background: The association of bullying victimisation by siblings with a) involvement in bullying at school and b) behaviour problems among lower secondary school children in Israel was investigated. Method: Self-report questionnaires of sibling victimisation, peer bullying experiences and behaviour problems were completed by 921 pupils aged 12-15…

  3. A survey of the nature and extent of bullying in junior\\/middle and secondary schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Irene Whitney; Peter K. Smith

    1993-01-01

    As part of a survey service developed to assess bullying in schools, anonymous questionnaires were given to over 6,000 pupils in 17 junior\\/middle and seven secondary schools in the Sheffield LEA. The results are analysed in terms of frequencies of being bullied, and bullying others; year differences; gender differences; types of bullying; where bullying occurs; whether teachers and parents are

  4. Directory: Public Elementary and Secondary Day Schools, 1968-69. Volume I, North Atlantic Region.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gertler, Diane B.

    This is the first of five volumes comprising a directory of public and nonpublic elementary and secondary day schools in the United States and outlying areas for 1968-69. This volume lists names and addresses of public schools in the North Atlantic Region. Institutional information includes grade span; number of pupils in prekindergarten and…

  5. National Survey of Secondary Education. Bulletin, 1932, No. 17. Monograph No. 10: Articulation of High School and College

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brammell, P. Roy

    1933-01-01

    At a time when a large portion of the pupils who have completed the work of the secondary school continues into higher institutions of learning, neither the group of secondary schools nor the aggregation of colleges has a right to consider its problems out of relation to the level of education above or below it. During the past few years a…

  6. Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

  7. Secondary School Burnout Scale (SSBS)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aypay, Ayse

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to develop "Secondary School Burnout Scale." Study group included 728 students out of 14 schools in four cities in Turkey. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data. A seven-factor solution emerged. The seven factors explained 61% of the total variance. The model…

  8. Science Guide for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

    This six-chapter guide is designed to help Georgia teachers adopt or adapt various options into the local school's science curriculum. Major areas addressed in the chapters are: (1) secondary school curriculum development (focusing on performance objectives, sequencing the curriculum, evaluation, and scientific literacy); (2) teaching methods…

  9. Poor readers in secondary school

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Barbara Maughan; Ann Hagell; Michael Rutter; William Yule

    1994-01-01

    A follow-up of a representative sample of poor readers through secondary schooling confirmed persisting reading problems for most children. As a group, poor readers fell further behind a normal-reading comparison group during their early teens. Later reading progress was unrelated to gender, SES background, behavior problems or non-school attendance, though these factors did influence wider school attainments. Poor readers were

  10. Just How Much Can School Pupils Learn from School Gardening? A Study of Two Supervised Agricultural Experience Approaches in Uganda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okiror, John James; Matsiko, Biryabaho Frank; Oonyu, Joseph

    2011-01-01

    School systems in Africa are short of skills that link well with rural communities, yet arguments to vocationalize curricula remain mixed and school agriculture lacks the supervised practical component. This study, conducted in eight primary (elementary) schools in Uganda, sought to compare the learning achievement of pupils taught using…

  11. Drawing Digital Pictures: An Investigation of Primary Pupils' Representations of ICT and Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Selwyn, Neil; Boraschi, Daniela; Ozkula, Suay Melisa

    2009-01-01

    The relatively restricted nature of children's use of information and communications technologies (ICTs) inside the school setting has long been noted by researchers. With this in mind, this article offers a grounded analysis of drawings collected from 355 primary pupils (years three to six) from five English primary schools depicting desired…

  12. School Size and Pupil Costs Reviewed for 1974-75. 1975 APS Planning Document 2.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Albuquerque Public Schools, NM.

    The material contained in this review is a continuation of studies of school size related to per-pupil-costs undertaken in the years 1971 through 1974. The comparisons made in this study have utilized 1974-75 fiscal year salary information as a direct cost factor related to school size. The study tends to confirm previous relationships between…

  13. Engaging Pupils in the Science, Engineering and Technology of a Low-Energy School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Charnley, Fiona; Fleming, Paul; Fleming, Margaret; Mill, Greig

    2010-01-01

    The UK Government's Building Schools for the Future programme has provided schools with a unique opportunity to improve education for sustainable development substantially by giving pupils the chance to study within a real-life context. This article documents an engagement project in which experts in low-energy building design are facilitating…

  14. A methodological and substantive review of the evidence that schools cause pupils to smoke

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul Aveyard; Wolfgang A. Markham; K. K. Cheng

    2004-01-01

    The objectives of this review were to examine whether smoking prevalence varies between schools independently of health promotion programmes and pupil composition, to show which school characteristics are responsible for this variation, and to examine the methodological adequacy of such studies. Searches for published studies were performed on medical, educational and social science databases, relevant articles’ reference lists, and citation

  15. School Camping Program. Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund, Fund Number 97-8: 1971-1972 Evaluation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Halasa, Ofelia; Fleming, Margaret

    The Disadvantaged Pupil Program Fund School Camping Program respresented local educational efforts for the sixth consecutive year to extend classroom learning experiences into the natural environment. The Project sponsored a five-day long resident school-oriented camping program which attempted to offer an integrated balance of typical learning…

  16. Funding Formulas for California Schools III: An Analysis of Governor Brown's Weighted Pupil Funding Formula

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rose, Heather; Sonstelie, Jon; Weston, Margaret

    2012-01-01

    In his 2012-13 budget Governor Brown proposed a new system for allocating state revenue among California school districts. By all accounts the current system is complex and opaque. In contrast, the proposed system--a weighted pupil funding formula--is simple and transparent. Using the PPIC School Finance Model, we compare how this formula would…

  17. Preliminary Statistics on the Urban Impact of Changes in State Aid/Pupil, Local Revenues/Pupil and Local School Property Taxes: 1972-73 to 1973-74 in Selected States Which Enacted Major School Finance Reforms in 1973.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bothwell, Robert O.; Costello, Jack

    The five States represented include Florida, Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas, and California. For each State the data are presented in terms of the changes occurring in State aid/pupil, the changes in local revenues/pupil, and the changes in local school property tax rates. A final column lists the change in total taxable property for schools, 1972-73…

  18. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2005-06 (Fiscal Year 2006). First Look. NCES 2008-345

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lei

    2008-01-01

    This brief publication contains basic revenue and expenditure data, by state, for public elementary and secondary education for school year 2005-06. It contains state-level data on revenues by source and expenditures by function, including expenditures per pupil. It presents data from the School District Finance Survey for School Year 2005-06…

  19. Pupil Participation in Scottish Schools: How Far Have We Come?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hulme, Moira; McKinney, Stephen; Hall, Stuart; Cross, Beth

    2011-01-01

    The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (UN, 1989), which applies to all children under the age of 18, established the overarching principles guiding pupil participation. In most European states, signatories to the Convention have enacted policies to promote the voice of the child or young person in decisions that affect them. In…

  20. The Confidentiality of Pupil School Records. A Legal Memorandum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    National Association of Secondary School Principals, Reston, VA.

    Court decisions generally establish the right of students and parents to have access to confidential pupil records. In general, common law gives persons with a "real interest" (such as parents) the right to inspect student records. This doctrine is supported by the ruling in Marmo v. New York City Board of Education that an individual charged with…

  1. The Link between Academies in England, Pupil Outcomes and Local Patterns of Socio-Economic Segregation between Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gorard, Stephen

    2014-01-01

    This paper considers the pupil intakes to Academies in England, and their attainment, based on a re-analysis of figures from the Annual Schools Census 1989-2012, the Department for Education School Performance Tables 2004-2012 and the National Pupil Database. It looks at the national picture, and the situation for Local Education Authorities, and…

  2. ‘If there’s going to be a subject that you don’t have to do …’ Findings from a mapping study of PSHE education in English secondary schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eleanor Formby; Claire Wolstenholme

    2012-01-01

    This article discusses some key findings about secondary schools from a mapping study of Personal, Social, Health and Economic (PSHE) education in England. The secondary school elements of the study combined a nationally representative survey of 617 secondary schools with follow-up in-depth case studies in five of these schools. These case studies involved interviews and discussion groups with pupils, parents

  3. Teachers on Perceived Traits and Academic Achievements of Regular Pupils and Pupils with Special Needs in Mainstream Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lesar, Irena; Cuk, Ivan; Pecek, Mojca

    2014-01-01

    When looking for answers to the question of academic (non)achievement of regular pupils and pupils with special needs, it is necessary to take into account the extraordinary complexity of factors, ranging from psychological across instructional to home environment variables. The academic achievement is not only a reflection of the pupil's…

  4. EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    FLANIGAN, VIRGINIA; AND OTHERS

    THE REPORT CAN BE USED AS A GUIDE IN THE PREPARATION OF EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS. NEW CURRICULA, METHODS OF INSTRUCTION, AND TEACHING AIDS ADD TO THE SOPHISTICATION OF EDUCATION. PROGRAMS ENCOMPASS MANY AREAS OF EDUCATION, EACH REQUIRING PROFESSIONAL DECISIONS. THESE DECISIONS MUST BE ORGANIZED INTO WRITTEN SPECIFICATIONS…

  5. Mechanics. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

  6. Changing Secondary School Physical Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lawrence F. Locke

    1992-01-01

    Evidence suggests that many secondary school physical education programs fail to achieve their objectives. A disturbing number of students report associating required attendance with strong negative feelings about the class, physical activity, and themselves. Teachers report that workplace conditions do not allow any serious effort to provide instruction. The nature of these problems is such that neither improving instruction nor

  7. Musical Exploration Using ICT in the Middle and Secondary School Classroom

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ward, Christopher J.

    2009-01-01

    In this article, I explore musical creativity through Information and Communication Technology (ICT). This article aims to show that secondary school pupils can compose freely using ICT in the classroom, easing and "democratizing" the creative process, enabling a high standard for all, regardless of formal musical training. The fieldwork project…

  8. Motivational Interviewing Strategies for Disaffected Secondary School Students: A Case Example

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Atkinson, Cathy; Woods, Kevin

    2003-01-01

    This study considers the application and effectiveness of Motivational Interviewing (MI) as an intervention strategy for secondary school pupils experiencing disaffection. Using a case study example, the process of intervention and the use of specific techniques from other psychological approaches are described. Results identify issues concerning…

  9. Student Transition from Primary to Lower Secondary School in Cambodia: Narrative Insights into Complex Systems

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Edwards, D. Brent, Jr.; Zimmermann, Thomas; Sitha, Chhinh; Williams, James H.; Kitamura, Yuto

    2014-01-01

    This article has three purposes. First, it presents findings from a study of student retention and dropout in Cambodia, as pupils transition from primary to lower secondary school. Second, it aims to understand from an in-depth, emic perspective the dynamics of this process and the challenges that individual families and their students face around…

  10. The Paired-Placement of Student Teachers: An Alternative to Traditional Placements in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nokes, Jeffery D.; Bullough, Robert V., Jr.; Egan, Winston M.; Birrell, James R.; Hansen, J. Merrell

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to test the effectiveness of the paired-placement of student teachers in secondary school settings. Would such placements foster the learning and development of student teachers and the learning of their pupils? Participants were 23 student teachers who were placed as partners, their mentor teachers, and a sample of…

  11. "Why Does Wearing a Yellow Bib Make Us Different"?: A Case Study of Explaining Discrimination in a West of Scotland Secondary (High) School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maitles, Henry; McKelvie, Erin

    2010-01-01

    This paper reports on and discusses one Scottish secondary school's attempts to develop an understanding of discrimination and prejudice with S1 (Year 7 in England) pupils using a simulation based on a truncated version of Jane Elliott's "Blue Eyes/Brown Eyes" experiment of the 1960s. The research questions were: (1) Did the pupils learn anything…

  12. Fitness as "Social Heritage": A Study of Elementary School Pupils in Berlin

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfister, Gertrud; Reeg, Annemarie

    2006-01-01

    Health and fitness among children and adolescents is a subject currently receiving public attention. This article focuses on the fitness of German pupils (third and fourth grades) in five schools in Berlin with widely differing social catchment areas as well as children from differing social backgrounds. Besides an orthopaedic examination and…

  13. Reading Strategies and Approaches to Learning of Bilingual Primary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rao, Zhenhui; Gu, Peter Yongqi; Zhang, Lawrence Jun; Hu, Guangwei

    2007-01-01

    The research reported here investigated primary school pupils' use of reading strategies. The study differed from most of the previous studies on reading strategies in that (1) the participants were young bilinguals in multicultural Singapore; (2) the data were examined within the Student Approaches to Learning (SAL) framework developed by John…

  14. The Views of Primary Pupils on School Attendance at Key Stage 2 in Wales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Reid, Ken; Challoner, Caroline; Lancett, Ann; Jones, Glenda; Rhysiart, Gwion Ap; Challoner, Sally

    2010-01-01

    This paper provides new empirical evidence on primary pupils' views on school attendance in Wales at Key Stage 2. The research was conducted as part of the specific evidence commissioned by the Welsh Assembly Government (WAG) for the National Behaviour and Attendance Review (NBAR) in Wales which was chaired by the lead author. The findings…

  15. Residential Property Composition of School Districts: Its Effect on Tax Rate and Per Pupil Revenue.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lundeen, Virginia; And Others

    This study related tax rate and per pupil revenue to residential assessed valuation, percent residential of total assessed valuation, and selected socioeconomic independent variables for school districts in Cook, DeKalb, DuPage, Kane, and Lake counties in Illinois. Findings suggest that for homeowners and the students of these counties in 1976,…

  16. The sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of primary schools in rural Tanzania

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J Todd; J Changalucha; D A Ross; F Mosha; A I N Obasi; M Plummer; R Balira; H Grosskurth; D C W Mabey; R Hayes

    2004-01-01

    Background\\/objectives: There is an urgent need for effective interventions to improve the sexual and reproductive health of adolescents. Reliable data on the sexual health of adolescents are needed to guide the development of such interventions. The aim was to describe the sexual health of pupils in years 4 to 6 of 121 rural primary schools in north western Tanzania, before

  17. Pupils' Environmental Awareness and Knowledge: A Springboard for Action in Primary Schools in Kenya's Rift Valley

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mutisya, Sammy M.; Barker, Miles

    2011-01-01

    This study was carried out with 276 standard eight pupils in eleven primary schools in the rural town of Narok in Kenya's Rift Valley. It evaluated their awareness of key environmental issues in their local area and their knowledge about the causes, effects and solutions pertaining to these environmental issues. A descriptive research design was…

  18. The Peer Relationships of Primary School Pupils with Poor Attendance Records

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Carroll, H. C. M.

    2011-01-01

    The research study presented in this article was conducted because of the surprising paucity of research findings on the effect of significant absence from primary school on peer relationships. Participants in the study were Year 6 pupils, 140 of whom had attendance records of 80% or less in both Years 2 and 6. Of the 140, 133 were matched with…

  19. Pupil Race and Elementary School Ability Grouping: Are Teachers Biased Against Black Children?

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emil J. Haller

    1985-01-01

    This study investigates the claim that pupil race affects the reading grouping decisions of elementary school teachers, causing black children to be overrepresented in lower ability groups. Analyses were carried out of teachers' remarks made while engaged in the process of grouping children, and of the racial composition of the groups they actually formed. Taken together, these analyses failed to

  20. Music in the "Common" Life of the School: Towards an Aesthetic Education for All in English Girls' Secondary Schools in the Interwar Period

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jacobs, Andrea; Goodman, Joyce

    2006-01-01

    This article adopts a Bourdieusian and gendered frame of analysis to examine how the aesthetic education increasingly extended to the "ordinary" pupil in English girls' secondary schools during the interwar period, and the music curriculum in particular, related to the reproduction of culture, class and gender for secondary schoolgirls. In a…

  1. What Happens to Pupils Permanently Excluded from Special Schools and Pupil Referral Units in England?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pirrie, Anne; Macleod, Gale; Cullen, Mairi Ann; McCluskey, Gillean

    2011-01-01

    There is widespread consensus in the research and policy-related literature over the last decade that young people who have been permanently excluded from school are at a far greater risk of a variety of negative outcomes than young people who have not had this experience. These negative outcomes include prolonged periods out of education and/or…

  2. Using group cognitive behavioural therapy intervention in school settings with pupils who have externalizing behavioural difficulties: an unexpected result

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Garry Squires; Katie Caddick

    2012-01-01

    There has been a growing interest in the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in school settings by educational psychologists in England. This small-scale study set out to explore the effectiveness of a school-based, eight-session CBT intervention for 12–13-year-old children with externalizing behavioural difficulties. Twelve pupils were referred by a school's pastoral manager as having externalizing behavioural difficulties. Pupils were

  3. The Effect of LEGO Training on Pupils' School Performance in Mathematics, Problem Solving Ability and Attitude: Swedish Data

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hussain, Shakir; Lindh, Jorgen; Shukur, Ghazi

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of one year of regular "LEGO" training on pupils' performances in schools. The underlying pedagogical perspective is the constructivist theory, where the main idea is that knowledge is constructed in the mind of the pupil by active learning. The investigation has been made in two steps. The…

  4. What happens to textbooks in the classroom? Pupils’ access to literacy in an urban primary school in Ghana

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2010-01-01

    Textbooks research over the last two to three decades tends to suggest that the availability of textbooks, especially in schools in developing countries, is associated with student achievement. Such conclusions based largely on quantitative studies provide very little information about pupils’ access to and use of books, and the actual interaction between teachers, pupils and texts. This case study of

  5. Influence of a Physical Education Teacher's Disability on Middle School Pupils' Learning and Perceptions of Teacher Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Lance G.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew D.

    2009-01-01

    Limited research has investigated the problems encountered by physical education teachers who have disabilities and instruct able-bodied pupils. The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a physical education teacher's disability on middle school pupils' perceptions of the teacher's competence and their learning. Participants were…

  6. Risk-based learning games improve long-term retention of information among school pupils.

    PubMed

    Devonshire, Ian M; Davis, Jenny; Fairweather, Sophie; Highfield, Lauren; Thaker, Chandni; Walsh, Ashleigh; Wilson, Rachel; Hathway, Gareth J

    2014-01-01

    Risk heightens motivation and, if used appropriately, may have the potential to improve engagement in the classroom. We have developed a risk-based learning game for school pupils in order to test whether such learning games can improve later recall of information. The study was performed during a series of public engagement workshops delivered by undergraduate students. Undergraduate neuroscience students delivered 90-minute science workshops to 9-10 year old school pupils (n?=?448) that were divided into 'Risk', 'No risk' and 'Control' classes. 'Risk' classes received periodic multiple-choice questions (MCQs) during the workshops which required small teams of pupils to assign tokens to the answer(s) they believed to be correct. Tokens assigned to the correct answer were returned to the group and an equal number given back as a prize; tokens assigned to incorrect answers were lost. Participation was incentivised by the promise of a brain-related prize to the team with the most tokens at the end of the workshop. 'No risk' classes received MCQs without the risk component whilst the 'Control' classes received no MCQs. When presented with a neuroscience quiz based on workshop content at the end of the workshop, pupils in the 'Risk' classes exhibited significantly greater recall of information one week later. Quiz scores were higher than scores from the day of the workshop which suggested pupils may have discussed the workshop content outside of the classroom, thereby increasing knowledge over and above what was learned during the workshop. This is supported by feedback from pupils in 'Risk' classes which indicated that 'Risk' workshops were more interesting than 'No risk' and 'Control' workshops. These data suggest that there is a role for risk in the classroom but further investigations are required to elucidate the causal mechanisms of improved retention of information. PMID:25072799

  7. Risk-Based Learning Games Improve Long-Term Retention of Information among School Pupils

    PubMed Central

    Devonshire, Ian M.; Davis, Jenny; Fairweather, Sophie; Highfield, Lauren; Thaker, Chandni; Walsh, Ashleigh; Wilson, Rachel; Hathway, Gareth J.

    2014-01-01

    Risk heightens motivation and, if used appropriately, may have the potential to improve engagement in the classroom. We have developed a risk-based learning game for school pupils in order to test whether such learning games can improve later recall of information. The study was performed during a series of public engagement workshops delivered by undergraduate students. Undergraduate neuroscience students delivered 90-minute science workshops to 9–10 year old school pupils (n?=?448) that were divided into ‘Risk’, ‘No risk’ and ‘Control’ classes. ‘Risk’ classes received periodic multiple-choice questions (MCQs) during the workshops which required small teams of pupils to assign tokens to the answer(s) they believed to be correct. Tokens assigned to the correct answer were returned to the group and an equal number given back as a prize; tokens assigned to incorrect answers were lost. Participation was incentivised by the promise of a brain-related prize to the team with the most tokens at the end of the workshop. ‘No risk’ classes received MCQs without the risk component whilst the ‘Control’ classes received no MCQs. When presented with a neuroscience quiz based on workshop content at the end of the workshop, pupils in the ‘Risk’ classes exhibited significantly greater recall of information one week later. Quiz scores were higher than scores from the day of the workshop which suggested pupils may have discussed the workshop content outside of the classroom, thereby increasing knowledge over and above what was learned during the workshop. This is supported by feedback from pupils in ‘Risk’ classes which indicated that ‘Risk’ workshops were more interesting than ‘No risk’ and ‘Control’ workshops. These data suggest that there is a role for risk in the classroom but further investigations are required to elucidate the causal mechanisms of improved retention of information. PMID:25072799

  8. Fungal DNA, allergens, mycotoxins and associations with asthmatic symptoms among pupils in schools from Johor Bahru, Malaysia.

    PubMed

    Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Jamal Hisham; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Bloom, Erica; Larsson, Lennart; Lampa, Erik; Norbäck, Dan

    2011-05-01

    While there is a large variation of prevalence of asthma symptoms worldwide, what we do know is that it is on the rise in developing countries. However, there are few studies on allergens, moulds and mycotoxin exposure in schools in tropical countries. The aims were to measure selected fungal DNA, furry pet allergens and mycotoxins in dust samples from schools in Malaysia and to study associations with pupils' respiratory health effects. Eight secondary schools and 32 classrooms in Johor Bahru, Malaysia were randomly selected. A questionnaire with standardized questions was used for health assessment in 15 randomly selected pupils from each class. The school buildings were inspected and both indoor and outdoor climate were measured. Dust samples were collected by cotton swabs and Petri dishes for fungal DNA, mycotoxins and allergens analysis. The participation rate was 96% (462/480 invited pupils), with a mean age of 14 yr (range 14-16). The pupils mostly reported daytime breathlessness (41%), parental asthma or allergy (22%), pollen or pet allergy (21%) and doctor-diagnosed asthma (13%) but rarely reported night-time breathlessness (7%), asthma in the last 12 months (3%), medication for asthma (4%) or smoking (5%). The inspection showed that no school had any mechanical ventilation system, but all classrooms had openable windows that were kept open during lectures. The mean building age was 16 yr (range 3-40) and the mean indoor and outdoor CO(2) levels were 492 ppm and 408 ppm, respectively. The mean values of indoor and outdoor temperature and relative humidity were the same, 29°C and 70% respectively. In cotton swab dust samples, the Geometric Mean (GM) value for total fungal DNA and Aspergillus/Penicillium (Asp/Pen) DNA in swab samples (Cell Equivalents (CE)/m(2)) was 5.7*10(8) and 0.5*10(8), respectively. The arithmetic mean (CE/m(2)) for Aspergillus versicolor DNA was 8780, Stachybotrys chartarum DNA was 26 and Streptomyces DNA was 893. The arithmetic means (pg/m(2)) for the mycotoxins sterigmatocystin and verrucarol were 2547 and 17, respectively. In Petri dish dust samples, the GM value for total fungal DNA and Asp/Pen DNA (CE/m(2) per day) was 9.2*10(6) and 1.6*10(6), respectively. The arithmetic mean (CE/m(2) per day) for A. versicolor DNA was 1478, S. chartarum DNA was 105 and Streptomyces DNA was 1271, respectively. The GM value for cat (Fel d1) allergen was 5.9 ng/m(2) per day. There were positive associations between A. versicolor DNA, wheeze and daytime breathlessness and between Streptomyces DNA and doctor-diagnosed asthma. However, the associations were inverse between S. chartarum DNA and daytime breathlessness and between verrucarol and daytime breathlessness. In conclusion, fungal DNA and cat allergen contamination were common in schools from Malaysia and there was a high prevalence of respiratory symptoms among pupils. Moreover, there were associations between levels of some fungal DNA and reported respiratory health in the pupils. PMID:21457336

  9. Development of "Bioethical Values Inventory" for Pupils in Secondary Education within the Scope of Bioethical Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Keskin-Samanci, Nilay; Özer-Keskin, Melike; Arslan, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    This study has led to the development of the "Bioethical Values Inventory" that can be used to reveal secondary school students' ethical values in decisions that they make during ethical debates regarding the application of biological sciences. An original inventory development model was used, consisting of four steps and involving…

  10. Pupil Participation in School Cleaning: A Comparative Survey

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Okihara, Yutaka

    1978-01-01

    Describes a survey on how school cleaning is carried out in 103 countries throughout the world. Based on a comparative analysis of the collected data, the countries are classified into three types: 1) janitorial type, where janitors, or special cleansing personnel, clean the school, 2) janitor-pupillary type, where janitors do the school cleaning…

  11. Nutrient-based standards for school lunches complement food-based standards and improve pupils' nutrient intake profile.

    PubMed

    Haroun, Dalia; Wood, Lesley; Harper, Clare; Nelson, Michael

    2011-08-01

    Following concerns about the nutritional content of school lunches and the increased prevalence of overweight and obesity in the UK, changes to the standards of school meals were made. From September 2008, all primary schools in England were required, by law, to be fully compliant with the new food-based standards (FBS) and nutrient-based standards (NBS) for school lunches. The aim of the present survey was to evaluate the introduction of the NBS for school lunches on the nutritional profile of food and drink items provided by schools and chosen by pupils at lunchtime. A nationally representative sample of 6696 pupils from 136 primary schools in England aged 3-12 years and having school lunches was recruited. Data were collected on lunchtime food and drink provision at each school and on pupil food and drink choices at lunchtime. Caterers also provided planned menus, recipes and other cooking information. Compliance with both the FBS and NBS was then assessed. Results show that even when the FBS was met, many schools did not provide a school lunch that met the NBS as well. The average school lunch eaten was significantly lower in fat, saturated fat and Na in schools that met both the FBS and NBS for school lunches compared with schools that met only the FBS. Change in school lunch policy has contributed to improvements in pupils' choices and the nutritional profile of foods selected at lunchtime. PMID:21736822

  12. Preventive oral health practices of school pupils in Southern Nigeria

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background One of the goals of the World Health Organisation goal is to ensure increased uptake of preventive oral self-care by 2020. This would require the design public health programmes that will ensure children place premium on preventive oral health care uptake. One effort in that direction is the need for countries to define baseline measures on use of preventive oral self-care measures by their population as well as identify factors that impact on its use. This study aims to determine the prevalence and the impact of age and sex on the use of recommended oral self-care measures by pupils in Southern Nigeria. Methods Pupils age 8 to 16 years (N?=?2,676) in two urban sites in Southern Nigeria completed a questionnaire about recommended oral self-care (use of fluoridated toothpaste, flossing, regularity of consuming sugary snacks between main meals), time of the last dental check-up and cigarette smoking habit. Chi square was used to test association between age (8-10years, 11–16 years), sex, and use of recommended oral self-care. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictors of use of recommended oral self-care. Results Only 7.8% of the study population practiced the recommended oral self-care. Older adolescents had an 8.0% increased odds (OR: 1.08; CI:0.81–1.43; p?=?0.61) and males had a 20.0% decreased odds (OR: 0.80; CI:0.60-1.06; p?=?0.12) of practicing recommended oral self-care though observed differences were not statistically significant. Very few respondents (12.7%) had visited the dental clinic for a check-up in the last one year. Majority of the respondents (92.2%) were non-smokers. Conclusions The use of a combination of oral self-care approaches was very low for this study population. Age and sex were predictive factors for the use of components of the oral self-care measures but not significant predictors of use of recommended oral self-care. Future studies would be required to understand ‘why’ and ‘how’ age and sex impacts on the use of caries preventive oral self-care measures to be able to design effective prevention educational programmes for the study population. PMID:25001584

  13. Using Pupil Perspective Research to Inform Teacher Pedagogy: What Caribbean Pupils with Dyslexia Say about Teaching and Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Blackman, Stacey

    2011-01-01

    The transformative potential of pupils' voices is well documented in past research by Pedder and McIntyre; and Cooper and McIntyre. In this qualitative research, I utilise a social constructivist framework by Vygotsky to ask pupils with dyslexia about the kinds of teacher strategies that they find helpful to their learning at secondary school in…

  14. Anthropometric Indices Associated with Variation in Cardiovascular Parameters among Primary School Pupils in Ile-Ife

    PubMed Central

    Abiodun, Adedeji G.; Egwu, Michael O.; Adedoyin, Rufus A.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. This study investigated the anthropometric indices associated with variations in cardiovascular parameters among primary school pupils in Ile-Ife. Method. One thousand and twenty-six pupils (age range 6–14 years, mean age 10.12 years) from ten schools were recruited with parents' informed consent. Anthropometric (Height (Ht), Weight (Wt), Abdominal Circumference (AC)) and cardiovascular (Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Heart Rate (HR)) parameters were measured using standard instruments and procedures. Blood pressure (BP) was measured after ten minutes of quiet sitting. Body Mass Index (BMI), Rate Pressure Product (RPP) and Pulse Pressure (PP) were estimated. Results. Age, Ht, Wt, BMI, and AC correlated significantly (P < .01) with BP and PP. AC and BMI were predictors of BP, HR, RPP, and PP. Conclusion. Significant correlations exist between age, Ht, Wt, BMI, AC, and BP with weight being a more viable predictor of SBP and age a more viable predictor of DBP. PMID:21747972

  15. Anthropometric Indices Associated with Variation in Cardiovascular Parameters among Primary School Pupils in Ile-Ife.

    PubMed

    Abiodun, Adedeji G; Egwu, Michael O; Adedoyin, Rufus A

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. This study investigated the anthropometric indices associated with variations in cardiovascular parameters among primary school pupils in Ile-Ife. Method. One thousand and twenty-six pupils (age range 6-14 years, mean age 10.12 years) from ten schools were recruited with parents' informed consent. Anthropometric (Height (Ht), Weight (Wt), Abdominal Circumference (AC)) and cardiovascular (Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP), Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP), Heart Rate (HR)) parameters were measured using standard instruments and procedures. Blood pressure (BP) was measured after ten minutes of quiet sitting. Body Mass Index (BMI), Rate Pressure Product (RPP) and Pulse Pressure (PP) were estimated. Results. Age, Ht, Wt, BMI, and AC correlated significantly (P < .01) with BP and PP. AC and BMI were predictors of BP, HR, RPP, and PP. Conclusion. Significant correlations exist between age, Ht, Wt, BMI, AC, and BP with weight being a more viable predictor of SBP and age a more viable predictor of DBP. PMID:21747972

  16. Minority Ethnic Pupils in Mainly White Schools. Research Report .

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cline, Tony; de Abreu, Guida; Fihosy, Cornelius; Gray, Hilary; Lambert, Hannah; Neale, Jo

    This study investigated the situation of ethnic minority students in predominantly white British schools, highlighting factors affecting their educational achievement and examining the perspectives of ethnic minority students and their parents and teachers. Surveys of the performance of over 34,000 students in predominantly white schools in 35…

  17. Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Crossman, Alf; Harris, Penelope

    2006-01-01

    Low job satisfaction has been cited as a possible cause of the current teaching crisis in the UK. This article reports on a study that examined job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in different types of secondary school. The results indicate a significant difference in the overall job satisfaction scores of teachers by type of school.…

  18. What Kind of Place Is Secondary School?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hayes, Monie; Vivian, Craig

    2008-01-01

    Secondary school introduces students to a public space that differs from the private spaces commonly found in elementary schools. One of the markers signaling a transition from private to public space is the use of discourse. Secondary schools are places where social practices reject the democratic and caring activities found in the elementary…

  19. Secondary School Science Department Chairs Leading Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gaubatz, Julie A.

    2012-01-01

    Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders…

  20. Record Management in Nigerian Secondary School Administration

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nakpodia, E. D.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examined the usefulness of record management in Nigerian Secondary Schools. Record keeping is one of the administrative principles in secondary school administration and it cannot be overemphasized in any organisation. The continuity of any school organisation depends on availability of useful records of past activities. In a complex…

  1. Solid waste management problems in secondary schools in Ibadan, Nigeria.

    PubMed

    Ana, G R E E; Oloruntoba, E O; Shendell, D; Elemile, O O; Benjamin, O R; Sridhar, M K C

    2011-09-01

    Inappropriate solid waste management practices in schools in less-developed countries, particularly in major urban communities, constitute one of the major factors leading to declining environmental health conditions. The objective of the authors' descriptive, cross-sectional study was to assess solid waste management problems in selected urban schools in Ibadan, Nigeria. Eight secondary schools with average pupil populations not less than 500 per school were selected randomly. Four hundred questionnaires (50 per school) were administered. In addition, an observational checklist was used to assess the physical environment. Paper and plastics were the most frequently generated wastes. Common methods of solid waste disposal reported were use of dustbins for collection and open burning. Major problems perceived with current refuse disposal methods by the study students were odors, pest infestation, and spillages. Littering and spillages of solid waste were also common features reported. Data suggested inadequate waste management facilities and practices in study schools. The lack of refuse bins may have contributed to waste spillages and the burning practices. Odors may have arisen from both the decay of overstored organic waste rich in moisture and emissions from refuse burning. This scenario poses a community environmental health nuisance and may compromise school environmental quality. PMID:21949981

  2. SEN Inclusion and Pupil Achievement in English Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farrell, Peter; Dyson, Alan; Polat, Filiz; Hutcheson, Graeme; Gallannaugh, Frances

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents and discusses the key findings from a study funded by the Department for Education and Skills (DfES) that explored the relationship between achievement and inclusion in mainstream schools in England. Overall the results indicate that, although there is a small statistical relationship between inclusion and academic achievement,…

  3. Traveller Pupils and Scottish Schools. SCRE Spotlights 76.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jordan, Elizabeth

    Travellers with their distinctive cultures and lifestyles have been part of Scotland for centuries. The two main groups are the traditional Travelling People (Gypsies) and the Showground Community. Mobility and migration patterns have implications for Traveller children's education and for schools. Scottish national surveys show Travellers…

  4. Negotiating Language, Culture and Pupil Agency in Complementary School Classrooms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lytra, Vally

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, I examine the teaching of language and culture and in particular the use of songs as curriculum in two London Turkish complementary schools. Drawing on a series of interconnected classroom vignettes, I look at how children weave together their semiotic resources to negotiate and transform two songs and the talk and action around…

  5. Use of Medication in School Programs for Behaviorally Disordered Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Epstein, Michael H.; Olinger, Ellen

    1987-01-01

    The article presents information on psychotrophic drugs used with behaviorally disordered students (stimulants, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and lithium), including desired effects and side effects. Guidelines for teachers and other school personnel who work with students on medication are also provided. (Author/JW)

  6. Transition to Secondary - an Experiment in a Scottish Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dutch, R. D.; McCall, J.

    1974-01-01

    The attainments, attitudes, personality characteristics and friendship relations of three successive year groups of children (n254, 252 and 234) were assessed towards the end of their first term in secondary school. (Editor/RK)

  7. What Makes for a Successful Re-Integration from a Pupil Referral Unit to Mainstream Education? An Applied Research Project

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    A qualitative research project was carried out in order to explore the views of Pupil Referral Unit (PRU) and mainstream school staff regarding the process of re-integration of secondary school age pupils from the PRU to mainstream school. The views of 11 PRU staff members, six mainstream staff members and a member of the Behaviour Support Service…

  8. Tobacco Use Documenting Policy and Its Association with Pupils' Smoking and Their Perception of the Enforcement of School Smoking Bans in Finland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Saaristo, Vesa; Kulmala, Jenni; Raisamo, Susanna; Rimpelä, Arja; Ståhl, Timo

    2014-01-01

    Finnish national data sets on schools (N = 496) and pupils (N = 74,143; 14-16 years) were used to study whether a systematic documenting policy for the violations of school smoking bans was associated with pupils' smoking and their perceptions on the enforcement of smoking bans. Attending a school with a systematic documenting policy was…

  9. Effective Schools: Do Elementary Prescriptions Fit Secondary Schools?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Firestone, William A.; Herriott, Robert E.

    Most of the recent research identifying organizational characteristics that seem to make schools unusually effective has been conducted at the elementary level and may not be applicable to secondary schools. Research currently underway suggests that the basic organizational structures of elementary and secondary schools dictate two different…

  10. Mathematical Modeling in the Secondary School Curriculum.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Swetz, Frank, Ed.; Hartzler, J. S., Ed.

    Over the past 10 years, national conferences and committees investigating the state of American mathematics education have advocated an increased emphasis on problem solving and mathematical modeling situations in the secondary school curriculum. However, little effort has been made to prepare secondary school teachers to use mathematical modeling…

  11. The Inclusive Secondary School Teacher in Australia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pearce, Michelle

    2009-01-01

    As a result of the 1992 Disability Discrimination Act in Australia and parental support for inclusion, regular teachers now include students with disabilities in their classes. Inclusion has been more successful in primary than in secondary schools. Secondary schools remain a challenge due to their traditional focus on curriculum, examinations,…

  12. Challenging Sexism? Gender and Ethnicity in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ohrn, Elisabet

    2009-01-01

    This article discusses understandings of girls confronting sexism in a Swedish multiethnic urban school. The empirical study includes school observations, conversations and formal group interviews with 15-16-year-old pupils from seven classes in four schools. The article provides an analysis of one of the schools, where the fieldwork showed gender…

  13. Secondary School Teachers' Personal and School Characteristics, Experience of Violence and Perceived Violence Motives

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton

    2011-01-01

    Social cohesion in school is reflected in social discrimination processes and the complementary social roles of teachers, pupils, other staff and pupils' relatives. School social cohesion varies in level from high, characterised by prosocial interactions, to low, characterised by antisocial or violent interactions. Antisocial behaviour is usually…

  14. The Effect of a Cross-Curricular Study Programme in Physical Education on the Attitudes and Perceptions of Greek Children towards Traditional (Folk) Dance in the First Year of Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stivaktaki, Chrysi; Mountakis, Costas; Bournelli, Pagona

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to assess the effect of a cross-curricular programme for the teaching of traditional dances on the attitudes and perceptions of Greek pupils in the First Year of Secondary School. At the outset we anticipated that the programme would have positive results in terms of: (a) the pupils' enjoyment of the activity;…

  15. The Magnitude and Impact of Bullying among School Pupils in Muscat, Oman: A Cross-Sectional Study

    PubMed Central

    Al-Saadoon, Muna; Al-Farsi, Yahya M.; Rizvi, Syed; Al-Jabri, Abdullah; Almamari, Sufyan; Al-Baluki, Wafaa

    2014-01-01

    Research about bullying among school pupils in the Arab/Muslim population is scarce. This study evaluates the characteristics of bullying and its impact among school pupils in Oman via cross-sectional survey among eighth grade school pupils (n = 1,229) during the academic year 2006-2007. The participants were selected using stratified random selection among 6 administrative divisions of one the governorates in the country. Data were collected using self-completed structured questionnaires. This study found similar percentages of males and females (76%) have experienced one form of bullying, and the majority of the incidents (80%) occurred in the vicinity of the school. In almost half of the cases, the bullying was initiated by a student of the same age or older than the victim. The most common type of bullying encountered in this study was verbal (47.7%), followed by misuse (45.9%), physical (43.9%), and, finally, social isolation/exclusion (22.5%). Although the failure of an academic year was uncommon among victims of bullying, the number of pupils who missed 4–6 and ?7 school days was higher among bullied pupils. If this study will withstand further research, educational initiatives are needed to mitigate the rate of bullying in Oman. PMID:25541623

  16. A longitudinal study of psychological functioning and academic attainment at the transition to secondary school.

    PubMed

    Riglin, Lucy; Frederickson, Norah; Shelton, Katherine H; Rice, Frances

    2013-06-01

    This longitudinal study of adolescents in the first year of secondary school, examined the relationship between psychological functioning at the beginning of year 7 (mean age 11.25 years) with attainment at the end of year 7 (mean age 11.78 years). Depressive symptoms, school liking and conduct problems predicted lower attainment across time having controlled for the temporal stability in psychological functioning and attainment. School concerns predicted lower attainment for boys only, and the effects of depressive symptoms on later attainment were significantly stronger for boys compared to girls. School liking - and school concerns for boys - remained significant predictors of attainment when controlling for conduct problems. The transition to secondary school may represent a window of opportunity for developing interventions aimed at improving both pupil psychological functioning and attainment. PMID:23582980

  17. The Challenges of Implementing Group Work in Primary School Classrooms and Including Pupils with Special Educational Needs

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baines, Ed; Blatchford, Peter; Webster, Rob

    2015-01-01

    Findings from two studies are discussed in relation to the experiences and challenges faced by teachers trying to implement effective group work in schools and classrooms and to reflect on the lessons learnt about how to involve pupils with special educational needs (SEN). The first study reports on UK primary school teachers' experiences of…

  18. State Incentive Grant To Improve Pupil Performance (High School Component) 1986-87. Final Report. OEA Evaluation Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Ronald C.; And Others

    The report documents the evaluation of a New York City program, the State Incentive Grant to Improve Pupil Performance, in which high school special education teachers received training in general education curriculum and instructional techniques to fulfill a new regulation allowing high school special education students to meet general education…

  19. The Importance of Pupils' Interests and Out-of-School Experiences in Planning Biology Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Uitto, Anna; Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Meisalo, Veijo

    2008-01-01

    How to make learning more interesting is a basic challenge for school education. In this Finnish study, the international ROSE questionnaire was used to survey, during spring of 2003, the relationship between interest in biology and out-of-school experiences for 3626 ninth-grade pupils. Interest and experience factors were extracted by using the…

  20. Pupils' Perceptions of Geography in Dutch Primary Schools: Goals, Outcomes, Classrooms Environment, and Teacher Knowledge and Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bent, Gert Jan; Bakx, Anouke; den Brok, Perry

    2014-01-01

    Concerns about the decreasing quality of geography education within primary schools can be linked to a decrease of time spent on geography education and, for example, to low achievement on national or school-specific tests. Learning outcomes for geography stay behind in relation to what experts believe that pupils should perform. Results indicate…

  1. Using Group Cognitive Behavioural Therapy Intervention in School Settings with Pupils Who Have Externalizing Behavioural Difficulties: An Unexpected Result

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Squires, Garry; Caddick, Katie

    2012-01-01

    There has been a growing interest in the use of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) in school settings by educational psychologists in England. This small-scale study set out to explore the effectiveness of a school-based, eight-session CBT intervention for 12-13-year-old children with externalizing behavioural difficulties. Twelve pupils were…

  2. Tensions experienced by teachers and their views of support for pupils with autism spectrum disorders in mainstream schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mahmoud M. Emam; Peter Farrell

    2009-01-01

    The number of pupils with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who receive their education in mainstream schools in the UK has increased considerably over the last 10 years. Despite this increase, teachers and other support staff face a number of challenges in order to ensure that these inclusive arrangements bring maximum benefits to the children themselves, their parents and the school

  3. STATE OF NEW YORK STANDARD SCHOOL PLAN TYPE D-1, ONE-STORY JUNIOR-SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL 800 EXPANDABLE TO 1000 PUPILS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marsh (Reginald E.) and Associates, New York, NY.

    THE DESIGN OF THIS ECONOMICALLY PLANNED SCHOOL IS DEVELOPED TO SUIT A GENERALIZED SET OF AREA CHARACTERISTICS. PHYSICAL SEPARATION OF JUNIOR AND SENIOR PUPILS IS EFFECTED THROUGH USE OF THE "SCHOOLS-WITHIN-A-SCHOOL" PLAN. PROVISIONS FOR ADOPTION OF--(1) TEAM TEACHING, (2) MACHINE TEACHING, (3) EDUCATIONAL TELEVISION, AND (4) AURAL-ORAL LANGUAGE…

  4. How Secondary School Principals Build Trust in Kenyan Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abaya, Joel Ondieki

    2011-01-01

    The most successful school leaders are those who have been able to transform their schools into centers of deep and ongoing learning by managing relationships (Kaser & Halbert, 2009). Consequently, strong levels of trust are preconditions for successful school improvement initiative. Research confirms that no cooperation strategy works in high…

  5. National Cross Sectional Study Of Views On Sexual Violence And Risk Of Hiv Infection And Aids Among South African School Pupils

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neil Andersson; Ari Ho-Foster; Judith Matthis; Nobantu Marokoane; Vincent Mashiane; Sharmila Mhatre; Steve Mitchell; Tamara Mokoena; Lorenzo Monasta; Ncumisa Ngxowa; Manuel Pascual Salcedo; Heidi Sonnekus

    2004-01-01

    Objective To investigate the views of school pupils on sexual violence and on the risk of HIV infection and AIDS and their experiences of sexual violence. Design National cross sectional study. Setting 5162 classes in 1418 South African schools. Participants 269 705 pupils aged 10-19 years in grades 6-11. Main outcome measure Answers to questions about sexual violence and about

  6. The negative influence of significant others on high academic achieving school pupils' choice of nursing as a career.

    PubMed

    Neilson, Gavin R; McNally, Jim

    2013-03-01

    The International Council of Nurses proposes that the shortage of nurses is global in scale and is expected to become much worse in the years ahead. A major factor impacting on the worldwide nursing shortage is the diminishing number of young people choosing nursing as a career (International Council of Nurses, 2008). One important dimension of the school pupils' career choice process is their interactions with significant others and the influence of these significant others (Hodkinson and Sparkes, 1997). As Schools/Departments of Nursing endeavour to attract more intellectual school leavers it is important to examine what advice and opinions are significant others giving regarding nursing as a career choice and how influential is this advice. This paper is based on interview data from 20 high academic achieving 5th and 6th year school pupils in Scotland, paradigmatic cases from a larger sample, who had considered nursing as a possible career choice within their career preference cluster, but then later disregarded nursing and decided to pursue medicine or another health care profession. The data was particularly striking in revealing the negative influence of significant others on high academic achieving school pupils' choice of nursing as a career. The influence of significant others, these being specifically parents, guardians, guidance teachers and career advisors was very apparent in the data in that they had a very negative view regarding nursing as a career choice for high academic achieving school pupils. PMID:22464633

  7. Sleep disturbances are associated with reduced school achievements in first-grade pupils.

    PubMed

    Ravid, Sarit; Afek, Iris; Suraiya, Suheir; Shahar, Eli; Pillar, Giora

    2009-01-01

    Several previous studies have demonstrated deteriorated scholastic achievements in school-aged children who experience sleep disturbances. In the current study, we examined the association between sleep disturbances during kindergarten (fifth to sixth year of children), and behavior, neurocognitive skills, as well as the children's future academic performance in first grade. The population included 98 kindergarten students who were scheduled to attend first grade. All children/parents filled out a sleep questionnaire and underwent one week of actigraphic sleep/wake study, as well as cognitive and behavioral assessments. Toward the end of first grade achievement evaluation in reading, writing, and arithmetic as well as teachers' evaluations were administrated. Of the 98 pupils, 6 failed the end of first grade's achievement tests (6.1%). When looking at their sleep patterns a year earlier, they had significantly longer sleep latencies (41 +/- 14 vs. 21 +/- 12 min, p < .05), increased arousals from sleep (4.1 +/- 0.9 vs. 1.8 +/- 1.1, p < .01), and lower sleep efficiencies (89.5 +/- 1.1 vs. 94.3 +/- 2.7%, p < .05) than pupils who passed the tests. There were significant correlations between sleep variables and cognitive and behavioral scores. The correlation between sleep efficiency in kindergarten and grades at the end of first year of school was r = .64 (p < .01). Children who failed first grade had significantly inferior sleep patterns. Sleep disturbances were associated with cognitive and emotional immaturity. PMID:20183720

  8. Atoms in the Secondary School: Part 1

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marx, George

    1976-01-01

    Discusses an experimental curriculum project in Hungary that introduces quantum mechanics into the secondary school. Briefly covers the following topics: superposition and intensity of waves, de Broglie wavelength, the uncertainty principle, ground states, quantum numbers, and symmetry. (MLH)

  9. Hiring Effective Secondary School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGlothlin, Jason M.; Miller, Lynne Guillot

    2008-01-01

    Today's effective school counselors are integral in education reform, school leadership, and student achievement. It is typically the responsibility of building principals to hire effective school counselors. This article builds on previous literature and provides principals with questions to ask and information to gather that may be helpful in…

  10. The Personal Plans of Secondary School Seniors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherednichenko, G. A.

    2006-01-01

    This article discusses the personal plans of secondary school seniors. The author discusses the research projects concerning problems of young people's orientation and choice of profession. Furthermore, the author examines the role played by objective and subjective factors in the shaping of the personal plans of senior students in secondary

  11. After Secondary School, What? The Transition of Deaf Young People from School to Independent Living

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Polat, Filiz; Kalambouka, Afroditi; Boyle, Bill

    2004-01-01

    This paper presents some of the findings of the first wave of a national longitudinal study on the transition of deaf young people from school to adult life. The baseline data were gathered on 184 year 11 deaf pupils across England over the course of 15 months. The findings presented focus on the range of activities provided to pupils as a part of…

  12. Endotoxin, ergosterol, fungal DNA and allergens in dust from schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia- associations with asthma and respiratory infections in pupils.

    PubMed

    Norbäck, Dan; Markowicz, Pawel; Cai, Gui-Hong; Hashim, Zailina; Ali, Faridah; Zheng, Yi-Wu; Lai, Xu-Xin; Spangfort, Michael Dho; Larsson, Lennart; Hashim, Jamal Hisham

    2014-01-01

    There are few studies on associations between respiratory health and allergens, fungal and bacterial compounds in schools in tropical countries. The aim was to study associations between respiratory symptoms in pupils and ethnicity, chemical microbial markers, allergens and fungal DNA in settled dust in schools in Malaysia. Totally 462 pupils (96%) from 8 randomly selected secondary schools in Johor Bahru, Malaysia, participated. Dust was vacuumed from 32 classrooms and analysed for levels of different types of endotoxin as 3-hydroxy fatty acids (3-OH), muramic acid, ergosterol, allergens and five fungal DNA sequences. Multiple logistic regression was applied. Totally 13.1% pupils reported doctor's diagnosed asthma, 10.3% wheeze and 21.1% pollen or pet allergy. Indian and Chinese children had less atopy and asthma than Malay. Carbon dioxide levels were low (380-690 ppm). No cat (Fel d1), dog (Can f 1) or horse allergens (Ecu cx) were detected. The levels of Bloomia tropicalis (Blo t), house dust mite allergens (Der p 1, Der f 1, Der m 1) and cockroach allergens (Per a 1 and Bla g 1) were low. There were positive associations between levels of Aspergillus versicolor DNA and daytime breathlessness, between C14 3-OH and respiratory infections and between ergosterol and doctors diagnosed asthma. There were negative (protective) associations between levels of C10 3-OH and wheeze, between C16 3-OH and day time and night time breathlessness, between cockroach allergens and doctors diagnosed asthma. Moreover there were negative associations between amount of fine dust, total endotoxin (LPS) and respiratory infections. In conclusion, endotoxin at school seems to be mainly protective for respiratory illness but different types of endotoxin could have different effects. Fungal contamination measured as ergosterol and Aspergillus versicolor DNA can be risk factors for respiratory illness. The ethnical differences for atopy and asthma deserve further attention. PMID:24523884

  13. Secondary School Subcultures and the Implementation of Nontraditional School Schedules.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isaacson, Nancy S.; Wilson, Sandra M.

    Researchers who view schools as cultural organizations have tended to assume that they are monocultural entities. This paper presents a view of complex secondary schools as multicultural organizations. It discusses findings of a year-long study that examined the professional culture within two high schools in Washington State as each attempted to…

  14. Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    O'Connell, William P.

    2012-01-01

    The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

  15. The Admissions Criteria of Secondary Free Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morris, Rebecca

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the results of an analysis of the admissions criteria used by the first two waves of secondary Free Schools in England. The type of criteria and their ranked order is explored and their potential impact on the school composition is considered. The findings demonstrate the diversity of criteria being used by this new type of…

  16. Bold Ideas for Secondary School Reform

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    de Santa Ana, Thelma Melendez

    2011-01-01

    Every day, principals across the country are taking courageous action to reform struggling schools and make a difference in students' lives. As the assistant secretary of education for elementary and secondary education, the author has been fortunate to meet with school and district leaders and see some of those transformations firsthand. The…

  17. Secondary School Department Chair Roles: Principal Expectations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brent, Brian O.; Deangelis, Karen J.; Surash, Barbara M.

    2014-01-01

    The literature on the principalship is extensive, revealing ways in which principals can foster or impede school success. At the same time, another formal secondary school-level position, the department chair, has garnered little scholarly attention. Thus far, the literature offers a limited account of the roles that chairs should or do perform in…

  18. Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

    A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

  19. Trauma symptoms in pupils involved in school bullying--a cross sectional study conducted in Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    PubMed

    Obrdalj, Edita Cerni; Sesar, Kristina; Santic, Zarko; Klari?, Miro; Sesar, Irena; Rumboldt, Mirjana

    2013-03-01

    To determine the association between involvement in school bullying and trauma symptoms and to find whether children with presence of trauma symptoms participate in school bullying more as victims, as bullies or as bully/victims. The study included 1055, 6th to 8th grade (12-14 years of age) elementary school pupils from the western part of Mostar, The pupils were self-interviewed using a Questionnaire on School Violence developed in 2003 and validated in Croatia, and Trauma Symptoms Check List for Children (TSCC). The pupils involved in the school violence, either as victims, bullies, bully/victims had significantly more trauma symptoms than the not involved. Involvement in school bullying as a bully/ victim was a strong indicator of trauma symptoms, particularly anxiety, anger, posttraumatic stress, dissociation, obvious dissociation, and dissociation fantasy symptoms, while the victims of school violence had the highest odds ratio for the development of depressive symptoms. There is strong association between bullying and trauma symptoms in young adolescents. From our results, emphasis should be placed at the regularly screening on bullying in praxis of family physicians and regularly conduction of preventive measures and early intervention in every primary school. PMID:23697244

  20. US secondary schools and food outlets

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Shannon N. Zenk; Lisa M. Powell

    2008-01-01

    We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the lowest-income versus the highest-income neighborhoods have more fast food restaurants and

  1. Asthmatic Symptoms among Pupils in Relation to Winter Indoor and Outdoor Air Pollution in Schools in Taiyuan, China

    PubMed Central

    Zhao, Zhuohui; Zhang, Zheng; Wang, Zhuanhua; Ferm, Martin; Liang, Yanling; Norbäck, Dan

    2008-01-01

    Background There are few studies on associations between children’s respiratory heath and air pollution in schools in China. The industrial development and increased traffic may affect the indoor exposure to air pollutants in school environment. Moreover, there is a need to study respiratory effects of environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) and emissions from new building materials in homes in China. Objectives We studied the associations between pupils’ asthmatic symptoms and indoor and outdoor air pollution in schools, as well as selected home exposures, in a coal-burning city in north China. Methods A questionnaire survey was administered to pupils (11–15 years of age) in 10 schools in urban Taiyuan, collecting data on respiratory health and selected home environmental factors. Indoor and outdoor school air pollutants and climate factors were measured in winter. Results A total of 1,993 pupils (90.2%) participated; 1.8% had cumulative asthma, 8.4% wheezing, 29.8% had daytime attacks of breathlessness. The indoor average concentrations of sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and formaldehyde by class were 264.8, 39.4, 10.1, and 2.3 ?g/m3, respectively. Outdoor levels were two to three times higher. Controlling for possible confounders, either wheeze or daytime or nocturnal attacks of breathlessness were positively associated with SO2, NO2, or formaldehyde. In addition, ETS and new furniture at home were risk factors for wheeze, daytime breathlessness, and respiratory infections. Conclusions Indoor chemical air pollutants of mainly outdoor origin could be risk factors for pupils’ respiratory symptoms at school, and home exposure to ETS and chemical emissions from new furniture could affect pupils’ respiratory health. PMID:18197305

  2. Career Education: An Application of Latent Growth Curve Modelling to Career Information-Seeking Behaviour of School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shevlin, Mark; Millar, Rob

    2006-01-01

    Background: This study applied the theory of planned behaviour (TPB) in an attempt to predict longitudinal growth of career exploratory behaviour in school pupils. The importance of information for making considered career decisions is indicated in theories of career development and choice, career education programmes, and concepts of career…

  3. What Happens to Textbooks in the Classroom? Pupils' Access to Literacy in an Urban Primary School in Ghana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Opoku-Amankwa, Kwasi

    2010-01-01

    Textbooks research over the last two to three decades tends to suggest that the availability of textbooks, especially in schools in developing countries, is associated with student achievement. Such conclusions based largely on quantitative studies provide very little information about pupils' access to and use of books, and the actual interaction…

  4. School Achievement of Pupils from the Lower Strata in Public, Private Government-Dependent and Private Government-Independent Schools: A Cross-National Test of the Coleman-Hoffer Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap

    2006-01-01

    We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the PISA 2000 data on European high schools. In the eighty's, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance of these pupils was better at religious…

  5. Roma Pupils' Identification with School in Slovenia and Serbia: Case Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Macura-Milovanovic, Suncica; Munda, Milanka; Pecek, Mojca

    2013-01-01

    The research presented in this paper aims to challenge the belief held by some education professionals that Roma pupils do not value education. The research sample included groups of Roma pupils from two countries (Slovenia and Serbia) and from different socio-economic backgrounds. The results suggest that the majority of the pupils are aware of…

  6. ESTEEM - Encouraging School Transportation Effective Energy Management - Fuel Economy Management Handbook for Directors of Pupil Transportation, School District Administrators, Transportation Department Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    BRI Systems, Inc., Phoenix, AZ.

    This publication is a guide for school districts to reduce pupil transportation costs and save energy. The information presented is based upon: (1) energy saving programs implemented by school districts; (2) government and industry research efforts in fuel economy; (3) the successful experiences of commercial trucking fleets to save fuel; and (4)…

  7. Geometry for the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moalem, D.

    1977-01-01

    A sequential but non-axiomatic high school geometry course which includes Euclidean, transformation, and analytic geometry and vectors and matrices, and emphasizes the invariance property of transformations, is outlined. Sample problems, solutions, and comments are included. (MN)

  8. Impact of Regular Soap Provision to Primary Schools on Hand Washing and E. coli Hand Contamination among Pupils in Nyanza Province, Kenya: A Cluster-Randomized Trial

    PubMed Central

    Saboori, Shadi; Greene, Leslie E.; Moe, Christine L.; Freeman, Matthew C.; Caruso, Bethany A.; Akoko, Daniel; Rheingans, Richard D.

    2013-01-01

    We assessed whether supplying soap to primary schools on a regular basis increased pupil hand washing and decreased Escherichia coli hand contamination. Multiple rounds of structured observations of hand washing events after latrine use were conducted in 60 Kenyan schools, and hand rinse samples were collected one time in a subset of schools. The proportion of pupils observed practicing hand washing with soap (HWWS) events was significantly higher in schools that received a soap provision intervention (32%) and schools that received soap and latrine cleaning materials (38%) compared with controls (3%). Girls and boys had similar hand washing rates. There were non-significant reductions in E. coli contamination among intervention school pupils compared with controls. Removing the barrier of soap procurement can significantly increase availability of soap and hand washing among pupils; however, we discuss limitations in the enabling policy and institutional environment that may have prevented reaching desired levels of HWWS. PMID:23939707

  9. Knowledge and Experiences of Risks among Pupils in Vocational Education

    PubMed Central

    Andersson, Ing-Marie; Gunnarsson, Kristina; Rosèn, Gunnar; Moström Åberg, Marie

    2014-01-01

    Background Young male and female workers are over-represented in statistics concerning negative outcomes of poor work environment and risky work. Young workers often have low awareness of risk, a lack of safety training, and inadequate introduction to the work. The aim of this study was to identify the knowledge and experiences of pupils of vocational schools concerning potential work environment risks in their future work. Methods The study design was a dual one, and included a questionnaire and focus group interviews. The study group consisted of 239 pupils from 10 upper secondary schools, who were graduating pupils in four vocational programs: the Industrial Technology Programme, the Restaurant Management and Food Programme, the Transport Programme, and the Handicraft Programme (in which students specialize in wood products). The upper secondary schools were located in the central region of Sweden. Results The pupils had limited knowledge that employers must, by law, conduct risk analyses and prevent risks. Many felt that they themselves are mainly responsible for performing their tasks safely. Pupils in all programs mentioned acute risk as the greatest risk at work. The theoretical education about safety at work was provided in the 1st year of the 3-year vocational programs. Conclusion A systematic approach to pupils' training in work environment, which is a basis for a safe and healthy workplace, is lacking. The study findings indicate that pupils are offered knowledge far from that intended by laws and by state-of-the-art occupational health risk research. PMID:25379328

  10. Equity Lessons for Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

    Secondary students will develop an awareness of the many facets of sex-role stereotyping through these mini-unit activities. The units can serve as the basis for a mini-course or can be integrated into social studies courses, especially U.S. history. The foci of the mini-units are reflected in their titles: (1) Recognizing and Challenging…

  11. Development of a short-form version of the Physical Education Classroom Instrument: measuring secondary pupils' disruptive behaviours

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Paul R. Krech; Pamela H. Kulinna; Donetta Cothran

    2010-01-01

    Background: Effective classroom management is the cornerstone of successful teaching. Behavioural issues affect the classroom climate as well as the time available for learning. Pupil misbehaviours can also contribute to teacher stress and burn out resulting in teachers leaving the profession. It is important for us to understand more about pupil misbehaviours from teachers' and pupils' perspectives in order to

  12. Enseigner la France en gographie aux jeunes coliers (1788-2008) Teaching geography at school to teach France to the young pupils (1788-

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Enseigner la France en géographie aux jeunes écoliers (1788-2008) Teaching geography at school to teach France to the young pupils (1788- 2008) Summary For the last two centuries, the ways of teaching geography of France to the young French pupils from 9 to 11 years old have known many transformations

  13. Extended Visits to Pakistan by Primary-Aged Pupils in Peterborough Schools: An Exploratory Study into the Associated Educational and Social Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gamman, Richard

    2001-01-01

    Describes research based in one primary school in Peterborough in the English Midlands into the phenomenon of extended visits to Pakistan by pupils of Pakistani ethnic origin. Data were gathered from parents, teachers, and pupils to investigate the educational challenges and opportunities presented in the situation. (Author/VWL)

  14. Devil in the Detail: Using a Pupil Questionnaire Survey in an Evaluation of Out-of-School Classes for Gifted and Talented Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lambert, Mike

    2008-01-01

    The use of questionnaires to evaluate educational initiatives is widespread, but often problematic. This paper examines four aspects of an evaluation survey carried out with very able pupils attending out-of-school classes: ethics, design, bias and interpretation. There is a particular focus on the interpretation and analysis of pupils' answers to…

  15. What Makes a Test Score? The Respective Contributions of Pupils, Schools and Peers in Achievement in English Primary Education. CEE DP 102

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kramarz, Francis; Machin, Stephen; Ouazad, Amine

    2009-01-01

    What makes a test score? There is a great deal of uncertainty surrounding the exact contribution of school quality, pupil background, and peers in educational achievement. If peers make most of the difference, then diversity and heterogeneous classrooms may narrow the gap between high- and low-performing students. If pupil background is the first…

  16. Does Attendance Kindergarten Affect on Pupils' Mathematics Achievement of Primary School in Makkah, Saudi Arabia? And What Are the Teachers' Expectations?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kashkary, Samera Y.; Robinson, John F.

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate if there are any significant differences in the mathematical attainment of pupils' grade one of primary school in Makkah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (K.S.A) between those pupils who had attended kindergarten and their peers who had not, and whether this effect continued into the second and third grades in…

  17. [The world of computer games II: a demographic study on prevalence of computer players in secondary school students].

    PubMed

    Boro?, J; Zyss, T

    1996-01-01

    The article presents the results of the first stage of our own research on the popularization of computer games among adolescents. A questionnaire was filled by 2678 class one pupils of secondary schools (born in 1979). The investigations were aimed at selecting a group of secondary school pupils particularly interested in computers and computer games. The investigations proved that the problem of computer games playing regards more than a half of the school pupils population we examined. There are twice as many boys as girls among the computer games players. Also, boys have better knowledge of computer games, they start to play at a younger age, devote more time to playing these games. The most popular hardware are Amiga or IBM compatible PCs. As many as 3/4 of computer games players have their own computers. The most significant information was the data concerning the time devoted to playing, both daily and weekly. The investigations show that boys spend much more time playing computer games than girls do. The selected group of pupils will undergo detailed clinical as well as psychological examination. PMID:8650288

  18. HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    PAGE, RAY

    A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

  19. PLANNING THE SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANT. SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING SERIES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

    ONE OF A SERIES OF NINE SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING GUIDES, THIS REPORT OUTLINES SPECIFIC AS WELL AS GENERAL PLANNING PRINCIPLES. A PHILOSOPHICAL BASIS OF PLANNING IS RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT. PLANNING PROCEDURES INCLUDE LONG RANGE PLANNING AND STEPS FOR OVERALL PLANNING. INCLUDED IN THE STEPS ARE PREPARING…

  20. Are Schools Drifting Apart? Intake Stratification in English Secondary Schools. CEE DP 64

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Stephen; Telhaj, Shqiponja

    2006-01-01

    The issue of social segregation in schools has seen a recent resurgence of interest--in the US, UK and internationally--as the debate rages on about whether policies that expand families' freedom to choose amongst schools encourage divergence or convergence in the types of pupil different schools admit. Most attention has been focussed on…

  1. Ability Grouping in Schools: An Analysis of Effects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ireson, Judith; Hallam, Susan; Mortimore, Peter; Hack, Sarah; Clark, Helen

    This paper presents preliminary findings from a large-scale study of ability grouping in English secondary schools. Forty-five secondary schools representing three levels of grouping took part in the research. Within these schools, data have been collected from a cohort of Year 9 pupils, aged 13-14 years. All these pupils took tests in English,…

  2. Using the Internet in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    De Cicco, Eta; Farmer, Mike; Hargrave, James

    This book provides practical information for secondary school teachers on using the Internet to enhance learning. The first chapter looks at how to make the best use of a World Wide Web browser, gives some general tips for using the Web, and examines more advanced topics such as downloading, plug-ins, and using the Web "offline." Tips on searching…

  3. Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thomas, Paul F.

    In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

  4. Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

  5. Construction: Masonry. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This construction curriculum guide on masonry for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

  6. Online Catalogs in Secondary School Libraries.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Smith, Donald R.

    Computer/automated catalogs have been in use in secondary schools for some time and have numerous advantages. A public access catalog (PAC) allows networking with other libraries, use of the Boolean search function, and the retrieval of bibliographic citations from a variety of access points. Moreover, PAC's have recently become more user…

  7. Language Attitudes of Estonian Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ehala, Martin; Niglas, Katrin

    2006-01-01

    The results of a survey of language attitudes of Estonian secondary school students, ages 15 to 18, are presented, and the implications for the practice of language maintenance are discussed. The survey revealed that Estonian is valued as a token of identity but not much as a commodity in the sense of linguistic economy. It is argued that…

  8. Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

  9. Engaging Secondary School Students in Lifelong Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryce, Jennifer; Withers, Graeme

    2003-01-01

    A "lifelong learning" orientation to education is seen as vital if young people are to thrive in the knowledge rich, constantly-changing world of today and the immediate future. This study identifies ways that the foundations for lifelong learning can be built in secondary schools. "Lifelong Learning" is interpreted as engaging people with…

  10. Modern Physics In Brazilian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pietrocola, Mauricio

    2005-01-01

    The current work reports a research that aimed to update the curriculum for the teaching of Physics. Topics from modern and contemporaneous theories are generally put aside in secondary school classes, for both course programs and formal university background designed to teachers of Physics focus on classic topics. We present the results of some…

  11. Electricity: Residential Wiring. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

    This curriculum guide on residential wiring for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

  12. Teaching about Korea in Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Van Decar, Patricia

    1988-01-01

    Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

  13. Teaching English at Polish Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Norman L.; Pirog, Renata; Kritsonis, William Allan

    2010-01-01

    The aims of this paper are to determine: 1. if Polish secondary school learners are studying English so that they can obtain jobs in the UK and Ireland and 2. whether they prefer to learn how to speak English from a native speaker teacher than from a non-native instructor. Eighteen students, who study at ZESPOL SZKOL MECHANICZNYCH NR 2 in Cracow,…

  14. SQL APPLICATION FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL LEAVING EXAMINATION

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lorentz JÄNTSCHI; Mariana MARCU

    2003-01-01

    This paper main objective is to present SQL power of use for a case of data management with heterogeneous data classification. The article is based on a PHP application developed to manage a real situation of secondary school leaving examination in August 2003 at Bra?ov city, Romania at exams center no. 29, where the first author was president of the

  15. Preparing to Teach in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brooks, Valerie, Ed.; Abbott, Ian, Ed.; Bills, Liz, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    This book is key reading for all trainee secondary school teachers. It covers the range of core professional skills that student teachers need to acquire irrespective of their subject specialism or their training route. It also considers recent developments in teaching, exploring the opportunities and challenges they present for those about to…

  16. Organic Horticulture in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marrocco, Aldo

    2009-01-01

    This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In…

  17. Secondary School Curriculum Guide: Industrial Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cranston School Dept., RI.

    The Cranston Secondary School Curriculum Guide (9-12) for Industrial Arts is intended to serve as a resource for teachers, students, department chairman, guidance personnel, curriculum planners, and others involved in present or future curriculum planning. At least one broadly stated major objective is provided for each section, encompassing the…

  18. Topics in English for the Secondary School.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Summerfield, Geoffrey

    Written primarily for the secondary school English teacher, this book suggests specific projects to extend the range and variety of the English curriculum and to develop the students' language skills and imaginations. Part I contains discussions of the nature and purposes of English lessons, the place of literature in education, methods for…

  19. Bringing Science Research into Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Allwood, Dan A.; Dean, Julian; Bryan, Matthew T.; Baker, Alan

    2009-01-01

    Finite element modelling software has been used to allow secondary school students to study nanoscale magnetic materials for hard drive recording applications. The students were introduced to the basic concepts of finite element modelling using a freely available internet game before modelling the magnetization reversal of single magnetic grains.…

  20. Should Secondary Schools Buy Local Area Networks?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hyde, Hartley

    1986-01-01

    The advantages of microcomputer networks include resource sharing, multiple user communications, and integrating data processing and office automation. This article nonetheless favors stand-alone computers for Australian secondary school classrooms because of unreliable hardware, software design, and copyright problems, and individual progress…

  1. Integrating Physically Handicapped Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hodgson, Ann

    1984-01-01

    Intended for regular class teachers working with mainstreamed physically handicapped pupils, the article offers guidelines regarding school organization, conditions directly affecting the pupil, and classroom considerations. A brief review of the major conditions (such as allergies, cerebral palsy, and muscular dystrophy) is presented. (CL)

  2. Nonpublic School Pupils: How Many Are There, Really? A Validation Check on NCES Surveys.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McLaughlin, Donald H.; Bakke, Thomas W.

    Concern about the thoroughness of surveys conducted by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) to collect descriptive data on the nation's nonpublic elementary and secondary schools prompted the NCES to conduct a validation study. A stratified random sample of 21 geographic areas was selected. Site visits were made to six of these…

  3. A Comparative Analysis of Teacher Supply and Pupils' Enrolment in Public and Private Primary Schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adeyemi, T. O.

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated teacher supply and pupils' enrolment in public and private primary schools in Kwara and Ekiti States, Nigeria. The study population comprised all the 811 primary schools in Kwara State and 810 primary schools in Ekiti State. Out of the forty-seven higher institutions that supply teachers to primary schools in the two…

  4. School smoking policies and smoking prevalence among adolescents: multilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from Wales

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laurence Moore; Chris Roberts; Chris Tudor-Smith

    2001-01-01

    OBJECTIVETo examine the association between school smoking policies and smoking prevalence among pupils.DESIGNMultilevel analysis of cross-sectional data from surveys of schools and pupils.SETTING55 secondary schools in Wales.SUBJECTS55 teachers and 1375 pupils in year 11 (aged 15–16).MAIN OUTCOME MEASURESSelf-reported smoking behaviour.RESULTSThe prevalence of daily smoking in schools with a written policy on smoking for pupils, teachers, and other adults, with no

  5. Activities and preferences of a secondary-school group

    Microsoft Academic Search

    P. Witty; A. Coomer

    1943-01-01

    A questionnaire-checklist study revealed the interests of 480 high school pupils as shown, during one week, by the frequency of and time spent in reading comic magazines and strips, reading books, reading magazines, listening to radio, and attending movies. A qualitative analysis was possible through classification of the specific items read, heard, or seen, and preferred. Grade and sex differences

  6. Enhancing Outcomes in School Science for Pupils during Transition from Elementary School Using Cooperative Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thurston, Allen; Christie, Donald; Karagiannidou, Eleni; Murray, Pauline; Tolmie, Andrew; Topping, Keith

    2010-01-01

    This article reports data from a 2-year longitudinal study on cooperative learning in school science. The study reported the effects of cooperative learning in science on science attainment, effective development and social connectedness, and interactions during transition from elementary to high school in rural and urban school settings. The…

  7. Scientists of tomorrow - Geophysics School Lab for Secondary School Students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas

    2014-05-01

    Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.

  8. Pupil Control Behavior, Classroom Robustness, and Self-Control: Public and Military High Schools Compared.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sartori, Mary Ann; Bauske, Terri; Lunenburg, Fred C.

    This study investigates students' perceptions of teachers' pupil control behavior, classroom robustness, and student self-control. Results reveal an association between humanistic pupil control behavior of teachers and high levels of classroom robustness, high levels of classroom robustness and high student self-control, and teacher humanism in…

  9. Differential Ability and Attainment in Language and Arithmetic of Dutch Primary School Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mooij, Ton; Driessen, Geert

    2008-01-01

    Background: In preschool and primary education, pupils differ in many abilities and competences (giftedness). Yet mainstream educational practice seems rather homogeneous in providing age-based or grade-class subject matter approaches. Aims: To clarify whether pupils scoring initially at high ability level do develop and attain differently at…

  10. The Development of Student Teachers' Views on Pupil Misbehaviour during an Initial Teacher Training Programme in England and Norway

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kyriacou, Chris; Avramidis, Elias; Hoie, Harald; Stephens, Paul; Hultgren, Age

    2007-01-01

    A group of postgraduate (secondary school) student teachers attending a teacher training course in York (England) and Stavanger (Norway) completed a questionnaire at the start (N = 174) and at the end (N = 128) of their course which explored their views regarding the factors accounting for pupil misbehavior, the frequency of pupil misbehavior, the…

  11. Inadequate and inappropriate?: The assessment of young disabled people and pupils with special educational needs in National Curriculum Physical Education

    Microsoft Academic Search

    David Haycock; Andy Smith

    2010-01-01

    Based upon focus groups with 12 secondary school physical education (PE) teachers working in north-west England, this paper examines: (i) how young disabled people and pupils with special educational needs (SEN) were assessed in National Curriculum Physical Education (NCPE) 2000; and (ii) how teachers managed the constraints on them to assess these pupils in the same manner as other young

  12. Pupil Transportation Management.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Anthony R.

    The safest means of transportation in the United States is the school bus fleet. Each school day, over 350,000 school buses transport about 22,000,000 children ages 3 to 21--from wheelchair pupils to varsity football players--to and from school in weather conditions ranging from those for Fairbanks, Alaska, to those typical of Cave Creek, Arizona.…

  13. Smoking Intensity among Nigerian Secondary Schools Adolescent Smokers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Imhonde, Henry O.; Aluede, Oyaziwo

    2007-01-01

    This study examined smoking intensity among secondary school adolescent smokers. A total of 800 students, made up of 685 males and 115 females who have at least tasted a cigarette once, from twenty secondary schools (5 private and 15 public secondary schools) in Benin City, Nigeria participated in the study. A questionnaire was used in collecting…

  14. Contributions of Learning through Analogies to the Construction of Secondary Education Pupils' Verbal Discourse about Chemical Change

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Aragón, María del Mar; Oliva, José M.; Navarrete, Antonio

    2014-01-01

    This article analyzes the relationship between pupils' level of understanding of the analogies proposed in class while working with a model of chemical change and their competence at constructing a coherent verbal discourse of that model in both its macroscopic and submicroscopic representations. The study participants were 35 pupils in their…

  15. Conditions for Learning: Partnerships for Engaging Secondary Pupils with Contemporary Art

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Burgess, Lesley; Addison, Nicholas

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the findings of the London Cluster research, "Critical Minds", in which the Institute of Education, University of London (IoE) worked in collaboration with Whitechapel Chapel Art Gallery (the lead London gallery), Bow Arts, Chisenhale Gallery and Space-The Triangle, and four east London comprehensive schools. By collaborating…

  16. Vocational-Technical Facilities for Secondary Schools: A Planning Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nerden, Joseph T.

    Data provided by national agencies indicate that only 15 to 18 percent of all young people who begin school continue on to earn the baccalaureate degree. The others exit from formal education on or before graduation from secondary schools to enter the labor market. Public secondary schools, as well as junior high and elementary schools, must…

  17. Secondary school science department chairs leading change

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gaubatz, Julie A.

    Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders navigate the change process within their departments, this study examined the change stories of six secondary school science department chairs who had led change attempts. In total, these department chairs shared six stories of successful change attempts and four unsuccessful change attempts. The topics of leadership and change were accessed through department chair interviews, document analysis, and a leadership inventory. Department chair leadership was analyzed with Blake and McCanse's (1991) Leadership Grid, and further explored using Yukl, Gordon, and Taber's (2002) detailed characterization of this grid. The change processes described in these department chair stories were analyzed using the frameworks provided by Ely's (1990) conditions of change, and Havelock and Zlotolow (1995) CREATER change stages model. In general, the findings of this study support Havelock and Zlotolow's CREATER model, as well as Ely's conditions of change, with dissatisfaction with the status quo emerging as the essential condition for successful change. This study connects these change process frameworks to specific leadership strategies and behaviors, and uses these connections to illuminate differences between successful and unsuccessful instances of change. These findings, along with other unanticipated findings emerging from department chair stories of change, such as the adverse influence of contentious resistors and the importance of team construction, add both to the literature on change and leadership and to the crucial point where these concepts intersect.

  18. "They're gonna Think We're the Dumb Lot Because We Go to the Special School": A Teacher Research Study of How Mainstream and Special School Pupils View Each Other

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Griffiths, Eve

    2007-01-01

    This article reports on a small piece of teacher research that examined the preconceptions held by pupils in mainstream and special schools about themselves, each other and their educational setting. A "circle time"-style interview was used in both educational settings to access the opinions of sixteen pupils with moderate learning difficulties.…

  19. In Search of Credibility: Pupils' Information Practices in Learning Environments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sundin, Olof; Francke, Helena

    2009-01-01

    Introduction: We aim to create an in-depth understanding of how pupils in upper secondary school negotiate the credibility and authority of information as part of their practices of learning. Particular focus is on the use of user-created resources, such as "Wikipedia", where authorship is collective and/or hard to determine. Method: An…

  20. Conceptions of french pupils concerning electric circuits: Structure and evolution

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Jacques Dupin; Samuel Johsua

    1987-01-01

    A wide investigation on French pupils, ranging from the start of secondary school (grade 6, 12 years old) up to the fourth year of university has enabled the effect of the teaching of conceptions of basic electricity to be evaluated. The simplest ones disappear with teaching, but other stronger ones (exhaustion of current, constant current generator) resist even after many

  1. Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Villaverde, Leila E.

    This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

  2. Stunting and soil-transmitted-helminth infections among school-age pupils in rural areas of southern China

    PubMed Central

    2010-01-01

    Background Stunting and soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections including ascariasis, trichuriasis and hookworm remain major public health problems in school-age pupils in developing countries. The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of stunting for children and its association with three major soil-transmitted helminths (STH) in rural areas of southern China. The study also aims to determine risk factors for stunting and to provide guidance on the prevention and control of stunting and STH infections for future studies in this field. Results A cross-sectional survey was carried out in the poor rural areas in Guangxi Autonomous Regional and Hainan Province where STH prevalence was higher between September and November 2009. Pupils were from 15 primary schools. All the school-age pupils aged between 9 and 12 years old (mean age 11.2 ± 3.2 years), from grades three to six took part in this study. Study contents include questionnaire surveys, physical examination and laboratory methods (stool checking for eggs of three major STH infections and haemoglobin determination was performed for the anaemia test). Finally 1031 school-age pupils took part in survey. The results showed that the overall prevalence of stunting (HAZ < 2SD) was 25.6%, based on the WHO Child Growth Standards (2007). Risk factors for stunting based on logistic regression analyses were: (1) STH moderate-to-heavy intensity infections (OR = 1.93;95%CI:1.19,3.11); (2) anaemia (OR = 3.26;95%CI: 2.02,5.27); (3) education level of mother (OR = 2.13; 95%CI: 1.39,3.25). The overall prevalence of major STH infections was 36.7%, STH moderate-to-heavy intensity infections was 16.7%. The overall prevalence of ascariasis, trichuriasis, hookworm and co-infection were 18.5%, 11.2%, 14.7% and 9.1% respectively. The prevalence of anaemic children (HB < 12 g/dl) was 13.1%. Conclusion The present study showed that stunting was highly prevalent among the study population and STH infection is one of the important risk factors for stunting, with moderate-to-heavy intensity infections being the main predictor of stunting. Hence, additional interventions measures such as to promote de-worming treatment, to enhance health education and to improve hygiene and sanitation in order to reduce stunting in this population, are needed throughout the primary school age group. PMID:20942948

  3. Modernized Newtonian Cosmology in Secondary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sigurdsson, Thorir

    2007-08-01

    Modern cosmology is founded on general relativity. Therefore, it lies outside the syllabus of classical physics and mathematics in most secondary schools. Nevertheless, it is desirable to introduce its concepts, methods and results to interested students. This is possible by assuming modified principles of homogeneity and isotropy and applying Newtonian dynamics with an extra repulsive force including Einstein's cosmological constant. With suitable simplifications and approximations several cosmological models can be derived with basic calculus from the Friedmann-Lemaitre equation, e.g. today's accelerating universe. The derivation is supplemented by examples of hypothetical universes to illustrate the theory.

  4. Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Wilson, G. P.; Ladwig, A.

    1981-01-01

    The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has initiated the Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools (SSIP-S), an annual nationwide competition to select student proposals for experiments suitable for flight aboard the Space Shuttle. The objective of the project is to stimulate the study of science and technology in grades 9 through 12 by directly relating students to a space research program. This paper will analyze the first year of the project from a standpoint of how the competition was administered; the number and types of proposals that were submitted; and will discuss the process involved in preparing the winning experiments for eventual flight.

  5. Physical Activity Breaks and Facilities in US Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hood, Nancy E.; Colabianchi, Natalie; Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.

    2014-01-01

    Background: Research on physical activity breaks and facilities (indoor and outdoor) in secondary schools is relatively limited. Methods: School administrators and students in nationally representative samples of 8th (middle school) and 10th/12th grade (high school) students were surveyed annually from 2008-2009 to 2011-2012. School administrators…

  6. Patterns of Drug Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln I.; Mutiso, Victoria; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca A.; Kokonya, Donald A.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this study was to establish the association between substance abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of secondary school students. All the students of 17 randomly stratified public secondary schools in Nairobi were required to complete self-administered sociodemographic and the School Toolkit questionnaires in a…

  7. On the Allocation of Resources for Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Haelermans, Carla; De Witte, Kristof; Blank, Jos L. T.

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the optimal allocation of resources--in terms of school management, teachers, supporting employees and materials--in secondary schools. We use a flexible budget constrained output distance function model to estimate both technical and allocative efficiency scores for 448 Dutch secondary schools between 2002 and 2007. The results…

  8. The Relationship between Stress and Bullying among Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan

    2009-01-01

    Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…

  9. National Survey of Secondary Education. Bulletin, 1932, No. 17. Monograph No. 6: The Smaller Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ferriss, Emery N.; Gaumnitz, W. H.; Brammell, P. Roy

    1933-01-01

    The present study is concerned with the smaller secondary schools, those schools which in the main afford the opportunities for secondary education to the children of the smaller centers of population and rural areas. In order to make the picture as complete as possible, the study has included high schools with enrollments ranging from fewer than…

  10. Facilitating the Adjustment to and Participation in the Life of the School and Community by Newly Arrived Puerto Rican Pupils and their Parents. Maxi I Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dixon, Margaret A.; Duncan, Nellie R.

    This document describes the planning and implementation of a comprehensive program to facilitate the adjustment of newly arrived Puerto Rican pupils and parents to the school and the surrounding East New York community. The program encompassed the following areas: improvement of school atmosphere, training of teachers and para-professionals, more…

  11. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2007-08 (Fiscal Year 2008). First Look. NCES 2010-323

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Honegger, Steven D.

    2010-01-01

    This publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2007-08. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of school

  12. Public Education Resources and Pupil Performance Models.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spottheim, David; And Others

    This report details three models quantifying the relationships between educational means (resources) and ends (pupil achievements) to analyze resource allocation problems within school districts: (1) the Pupil Performance Model; (2) the Goal Programming Model; and (3) the Operational Structure of a School and Pupil Performance Model. These models…

  13. A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

    This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

  14. School Memories Situating School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tanggaard, Lene; Nielsen, Klaus

    2013-01-01

    This paper reports the results of an interview study of 18 current and former pupils in the Danish "Folkeskole" (primary and secondary public school) from 1930 up to the present. The aim of the study is to provide a forum for usually unheard voices on the subject of everyday life in school. The study pays special attention to relational…

  15. Creating Change in Academic Self-Concept and School Behavior in Alienated Secondary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zeeman, Roger D.

    1982-01-01

    A described intervention evaluates the effect of both a psychology course and the active service component of tutoring upon alienated underachieving adolescents and the elementary school pupils who receive their services. Results indicate that both the class and tutoring effectively improved the academic self-concept of the students. (Author/PN)

  16. Departmental Differences in Attitudes to Special Educational Needs in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ellins, Jean; Porter, Jill

    2005-01-01

    As trends in favour of inclusion continue, questions arise concerning the extent to which teachers in mainstream schools feel prepared for the task of meeting pupils' special educational needs. Little previous research has considered how the subject taught impacts upon the attitudes of mainstream teachers towards pupils with special educational…

  17. Implementing a free school-based fruit and vegetable programme: barriers and facilitators experienced by pupils, teachers and produce suppliers in the Boost study

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Multi-component interventions which combine educational and environmental strategies appear to be most effective in increasing fruit and vegetable (FV) intake in adolescents. However, multi-component interventions are complex to implement and often poorly implemented. Identification of barriers and facilitators for implementation is warranted to improve future interventions. This study aimed to explore implementation of two intervention components which addressed availability and accessibility of FV in the multi-component, school-based Boost study which targeted FV intake among Danish 13-year-olds and to identify barriers and facilitators for implementation among pupils, teachers and FV suppliers. Methods We conducted focus group interviews with 111 13-year-olds and 13 teachers, completed class observations at six schools, and conducted telephone interviews with all involved FV suppliers. Interviews were transcribed, coded and analysed using qualitative analytical procedures. Results FV suppliers affected the implementation of the FV programme at schools and thereby pupils’ intake through their timing of delivery and through the quality, quantity and variety of the delivered FV. Teachers influenced the accessibility and appearance of FV by deciding if and when the pupils could eat FV and whether FV were cut up. Different aspects of time acted as barriers for teachers’ implementation of the FV programme: time spent on having a FV break during lessons, time needed to prepare FV and time spent on pupils’ misbehaviour and not being able to handle getting FV. Teacher timing of cutting up and serving FV could turn into a barrier for pupils FV intake due to enzymatic browning. The appearance of FV was important for pupils’ intake, especially for girls. FV that did not appeal to the pupils e.g. had turned brown after being cut up were thrown around as a part of a game by the pupils, especially boys. Girls appreciated the social dimension of eating FV together to a larger extent than boys. Conclusions Limited time and pupils’ misbehaviour were barriers for teachers’ implementation. Establishing FV delivery to schools as a new routine challenged FV suppliers’ implementation. Food aesthetics were important for most pupils’ FV intake while the social dimension of eating FV together seemed more important to girls than boys. Trial registration Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN11666034. PMID:24512278

  18. Chemistry, A Syllabus for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    This is a 1971 reprint of the chemistry syllabus printed in 1966 for the state of New York. This course of study presents a modern view of chemistry suitable for pupils with a wide range of skills and abilities. The outline of topics provides the unifying principles of chemistry together with related facts. The principles included in the outline…

  19. Chemistry, A Syllabus for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    New York State Education Dept., Albany. Bureau of Secondary Curriculum Development.

    Presented is a modern view of chemistry suitable for pupils with a wide range of skills and abilities. The outline of topics provides the unifying principles of chemistry together with related facts. The principles included in the outline are basic to man's understanding of his environment. The topical outline is divided into nine major units:…

  20. Decline in Interest in Biology among Elementary School Pupils during a Generation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Randler, Christoph; Osti, Janina; Hummel, Eberhard

    2012-01-01

    A decline in biology interest has often been claimed but seldom with an empirically substantiation. This study was based on a sample of 3rd and 4th grade pupils within the same geographical area as Lowe's (1987, 1992) previous results from southwest Germany from the year 1983. We used a four-point Likert-type questionnaire to assess interest with…

  1. Turning Pupils on to Learning: Creative Classrooms in Action. Creative Teaching/Creative Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elkington, Rob, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    "Turning Pupils on to Learning" documents and makes visible how creative learning approaches can engage and motivate children in their learning. The book features six case studies of creative learning projects that cover the early years through to Key Stage 3 which are written by the teachers and creative practitioners involved. From the creation…

  2. Scaffolding School Pupils' Scientific Argumentation with Evidence-Based Dialogue Maps

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Okada, Alexandra

    This chapter reports pilot work investigating the potential of Evidence-based Dialogue Mapping to scaffold young teenagers’ scientific argumentation. Our research objective is to better understand pupils’ usage of dialogue maps created in Compendium to write scientific explanations. The participants were 20 pupils, 12-13 years old, in a summer science course for “gifted and talented” children in the UK. Through qualitative analysis of three case studies, we investigate the value of dialogue mapping as a mediating tool in the scientific reasoning process during a set of learning activities. These activities were published in an online learning environment to foster collaborative learning. Pupils mapped their discussions in pairs, shared maps via the online forum and in plenary discussions, and wrote essays based on their dialogue maps. This study draws on these multiple data sources: pupils’ maps in Compendium, writings in science and reflective comments about the uses of mapping for writing. Our analysis highlights the diversity of ways, both successful and unsuccessful, in which dialogue mapping was used by these young teenagers.

  3. Self-Concept, Social Position and Social Participation of Pupils with SEN in Mainstream Primary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Avramidis, Elias

    2013-01-01

    Drawing on a recent research project, this paper questions the literature's dominant representation of children with special educational needs (SEN) as holding negative perceptions of themselves and being socially isolated. The study examined dimensions of pupils' self-concept and their social position in their class network. Contrary to…

  4. Achievement Goals and School Achievement: The Transition to Different School Tracks in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paulick, Isabell; Watermann, Rainer; Nuckles, Matthias

    2013-01-01

    During the transition from elementary school to secondary school, in Germany, students are assigned to different school tracks, academic or non-academic, that differ markedly in compositional and institutional characteristics, e.g., the level of cognitive activation and performance standards are higher in academic tracks than in non-academic…

  5. NEMO educational kit on micro-optics at the secondary school

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flores-Arias, M. T.; Bao-Varela, Carmen

    2014-07-01

    NEMO was the "Network of Excellence in Micro-Optics" granted in the "Sixth Framework Program" of the European Union. It aimed at providing Europe with a complete Micro-Optics food-chain, by setting up centers for optical modeling and design; measurement and instrumentation; mastering, prototyping and replication; integration and packaging and reliability and standardization. More than 300 researchers from 30 groups in 12 countries participated in the project. One of the objectives of NEMO was to spread excellence and disseminate knowledge on micro-optics and micro-photonics. To convince pupils, already from secondary school level on, about the crucial role of light and micro-optics and the opportunities this combination holds, several partners of NEMO had collaborate to create this Educational Kit. In Spain the partner involved in this aim was the "Microoptics and GRIN Optics Group" at the University of Santiago of Compostela (USC). The educational kits provided to the Secondary School were composed by two plastic cards with the following microoptical element: different kinds of diffractive optical elements or DOES and refractive optical elements or ROEs namely arrays of micro-lenses. The kit also included a DVD with a handbook for performing the experiments as well as a laser pointer source. This kit was distributed free of charge in the countries with partners in NEMO. In particular in Spain was offered to around 200 Secondary School Centers and only 80 answered accepting evaluate the kit.

  6. Chicago's Private Elementary and Secondary Schools: Enrollment Trends.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.

    Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…

  7. Secondary Art: Arkansas Public School Course Content Guide.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

    Designed as a framework upon which secondary school curriculum can be developed, this Arkansas state curriculum guide provides specific guidelines for middle school/junior high school art programs and for a basic high school art course. Specific student learning objectives are presented in three instructional tracks that include: (1) basic skills…

  8. Comparison of a traditional and an inclusive secondary school culture

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Suzanne Carrington; John Elkins

    2002-01-01

    Qualitative research methods were used to conduct case studies of two secondary schools in Australia, focusing on the provision of support for students with different learning needs. Interview data were used to report differences in collective beliefs, values and descriptions of school practice that foster two contrasting school cultures. One of these school cultures is described as more inclusive and

  9. Violence Prevention in United States Society of Jesus Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simonds, Thomas Andrew

    2009-01-01

    Using data from a representative number of Society of Jesus secondary schools, the researcher reports what these schools are doing to prevent violence, and tests an explanatory model of school violence he created. The researcher proposes that this model can be used to explain and prevent school violence by identifying and addressing the…

  10. Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joseph Calvin Gagnon; Christopher L. Van Loan; Brian R. Barber

    2011-01-01

    This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to region, public versus nonpublic, enrollment, or locale. More than 80% of schools were

  11. The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

    2013-12-01

    GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

  12. Parents' involvement in school administration as a correlate of effectiveness of secondary schools in Nigeria

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. A. Ajayi; T. Ekundayo Haastrup; B. B. Arogundade

    2009-01-01

    The study examined the relationship between parents' involvement in school administration and effectiveness of secondary schools in Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population consisted of all the teachers, principals and parents of the students in public secondary schools in South-West Nigeria. The sample comprised 1200 teachers, 300 parents and 60 principals from 60 secondary

  13. School Sports Opportunities Influence Physical Activity in Secondary School and beyond

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…

  14. Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Social Valorization among Pupils and the Effect on Teachers' Judgments

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Esnard, Catherine; Jouffre, Stephane

    2008-01-01

    In this article, the concept of Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) is transposed from a work context, in which it was developed, to secondary school. Two studies test the assumption of a social valorization of OCB declaration in a school context. In Study 1, 445 pupils (sixth-graders to ninth-graders) answered an OCB questionnaire,…

  15. Choice Paths in the Swedish Upper Secondary Education--A Critical Discourse Analysis of Recent Reforms

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lund, Stefan

    2008-01-01

    Decentralisation policy in Sweden emphasises school capitation allowance, the local upper secondary schools' decision-making and pupils' choices in contrast to previous bureaucratic governing. The aim of this article is to discuss how pupils' educational choice paths are a part of the different kinds of integration and differentiation processes…

  16. Immigrants’ children’s transition to secondary school in Italy

    PubMed Central

    Barban, Nicola; White, Michael J

    2014-01-01

    Choosing a secondary school represents an important step in the lives of students in Italy, in that it has a strong bearing on their ultimate educational achievement and labor force trajectory. In this paper, we analyze the effect of generational status and length of residence on the transition to secondary school among immigrants living in Italy. Using data from the ITAGEN2 follow-up, we analyze scholastic results from the middle school final exam and the choice of secondary school among the adolescents in Italy. Children of immigrants are more likely to have inferior outcomes on the middle school exam and to enroll in vocational and polytechnic schools. Our multivariate results indicate that, after controlling for the family’s human capital and other key background factors, immigrant students show greater propensity to choose a vocational path. Differences between immigrants and natives in secondary school tracks are also manifest when previous scholastic results are taken into account. PMID:25587204

  17. School Finance: Per-Pupil Spending Differences between Selected Inner City and Suburban Schools Varied by Metropolitan Area. Report to the Ranking Minority Member, Committee on Ways and Means, House of Representatives.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shaul, Marnie S.

    This is a report of a study by the U.S. General Accounting Office for the U.S. Congress. Using data from the 2000-01 school year, the study focused on per-pupil spending, factors influencing spending, and other similarities and differences among selected high-poverty inner-city elementary schools and selected suburban elementary schools. From 42…

  18. School Achievement Of Pupils From The Lower Strata In Public, Private Government-Dependent And Private Government-Independent Schools: A Cross-National Test Of The Coleman-Hoffer Thesis

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap

    2006-01-01

    We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2000 data on European high schools. In the 1980s, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance…

  19. Revenues and Expenditures for Public Elementary and Secondary School Districts: School Year 2004-05 (Fiscal Year 2005). First Look. NCES 2007-355

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhou, Lei; Gaviola, Nick

    2007-01-01

    This brief publication contains data on revenues and expenditures per pupil made by school districts for school year 2004-05. Median per pupil revenue and expenditure data are reported by state, as well as values at the 5th and 95th percentiles. Data for charter schools are reported separately. There are also discussions on the different types of…

  20. Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

  1. Attitude toward Democracy in Pakistan: Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sarwar, Muhammad; Yousuf, Muhammad Imran; Hussain, Shafqat

    2010-01-01

    The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers' perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore…

  2. Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

    2004-01-01

    This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools

  3. Promoting occupational health in secondary schools through virtual patients

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Laura Wengenroth; Inga Hege; Katja Förderreuther; Elena Riu; Heinz Mandl; Peter Kujath; Katja Radon

    2010-01-01

    Adolescents with asthma or allergies do not consider their disease when making their career choice. Therefore the aim of this project was to sensitize secondary school students for occupational diseases before they start working.Four virtual patients for secondary school students were created. They present their experiences as apprentices. Occupational diseases as well as prevention methods are discussed. Evaluation and longterm

  4. Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.

    2014-01-01

    Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…

  5. Te Piringa -Faculty of Law Secondary Schools Mooting Competition Scholarship

    E-print Network

    Waikato, University of

    Te Piringa - Faculty of Law Secondary Schools Mooting Competition Scholarship R E G U L A T I O N shall be known as the Te Piringa - Faculty of Law Secondary Schools Mooting Competition Scholarship. 2 at The University of Waikato Faculty of Law in the year of tenure. 3. Candidates for the Scholarship may have either

  6. Identifying the Comparative Academic Performance of Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bendikson, Linda; Hattie, John; Robinson, Viviane

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: One of the features of the New Zealand secondary schools system is that achievement closely reflects the taught curriculum. The National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) directly assesses student achievement on the secondary school curriculum through a combination of criterion-based internal and external assessments. The…

  7. Leadership Style of Principals and Organisational Process in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cheng, Yin Cheong

    1991-01-01

    Investigates the relationship between principal leadership style and organizational process in secondary schools and identifies effective leadership styles, based on a survey involving 64 secondary schools and 672 teachers in Hong Kong. Results indicate a strong relationship of leadership to organizational process. (37 references) (MLH)

  8. Design Education and the Teaching of Woodwork in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nherera, Charles M.

    In an attempt to review and, if necessary, update the curriculum, a study investigated the prevalence of problem-solving and design approaches in the teaching of woodworking courses in secondary schools in Zimbabwe. Woodworking classes in forms one and three were studied in an urban secondary school where woodworking is taught up to form four and…

  9. The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pfleger, Margo

    A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

  10. Applying a Knowledge Management Taxonomy to Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…

  11. Rank Last Name First Name School 1 HU ALBERT NORTHERN SECONDARY SCHOOL,TORONTO,ON

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    Rank Last Name First Name School 1 HU ALBERT NORTHERN SECONDARY SCHOOL,TORONTO,ON 2 WANG JIXUAN DON SHAWN BURNABY NORTH SECONDARY SCHOOL,BURNABY,BC 5 ZHAO WENYI ONTARIO INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE,TORONTO,ON 6 RICHARD UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO SCHOOLS,TORONTO,ON 13 LI HEQUN GEORGE S HENRY ACADEMY,NORTH YORK,ON 14 YU

  12. Relationship among School Size, School Culture and Students' Achievement at Secondary Level in Pakistan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ahmad Salfi, Naseer; Saeed, Muhammad

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: This paper seeks to determine the relationship among school size, school culture and students' achievement at secondary level in Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach: The study was descriptive (survey type). It was conducted on a sample of 90 secondary school head teachers and 540 primary, elementary and high school teachers working in…

  13. Contrasting Knowledge for Elementary and Secondary Mathematics Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rowland, Tim

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes and analyses two mathematics lessons, one with very young pupils, about subtraction, the other for lower secondary school pupils, about gradients [slopes] and graphs. The focus of the analysis is on teacher knowledge, and on the fundamental mathematical and mathematics-pedagogical prerequisites that underpin teaching these…

  14. Free Secondary Education in France before and after the Revolution

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Palmer, R. R.

    1974-01-01

    Before the French Revolution, in 1789, 46 percent of the pupils in public secondary schools received free instruction compared to 13 percent of the pupils in 1842. The article examines the means by which the conclusion is arrived at, assesses its validity, and comments on some of its implications. (Author/SM)

  15. Working with "Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning" (SEAL): Associations with School Ethos, Pupil Social Experiences, Attendance, and Attainment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Banerjee, Robin; Weare, Katherine; Farr, William

    2014-01-01

    A programme of resources and activities relating to "Social and Emotional Aspects of Learning" (SEAL) has been rolled out nationally to primary and secondary schools in the UK, but we know little about how variations in the implementation of this work relate to key indicators of school success. In the present study, a team of experienced…

  16. Grade inflation and school competition: an empirical analysis based on the Swedish upper secondary schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Christina Wikström; Magnus Wikström

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the connection between grade inflation and school competition by studying graduates from the Swedish upper secondary schools in 1997. The final grades are compared to the SweSAT national test scores. Single school municipalities are compared with multiple school municipalities in order to study if potential intra-municipal school competition leads to grade inflation. We also compare independent schools

  17. Pupil participation and curriculum relevance

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ramadas, Jayashree; Kulkarni, V. G.

    Some results of formative research carried out in primary schools in rural India have been presented. The relationship between the lesson content and the participation of the pupils has been investigated. The spontaneous participation of pupils in teacher-directed classrooms is shown to be correlated with the time spent by the teacher in relating the content of the textbook to the natural experiences of the pupils. The use of an experiment or a teaching aid is also found to be useful in drawing participation from the pupils. The results of the study are relevant for teachers working in a traditional, teacher-dominated sytem of education.

  18. Astronomy Teaching in Europe's Secondary Schools

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    1994-11-01

    EU/ESO Workshop for European Physics Teachers A joint Workshop of the European Union (EU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will take place on November 25 - 30, 1994 under the auspices of the European Week for Scientific Culture. The Workshop is entitled "Astronomy: Science, Culture and Technology". It will bring together at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) more than 100 secondary school teachers and ministerial representatives from 17 European countries to discuss all aspects of this broad subject. It is the first and very visible part of a new, sustained effort to stimulate and modernize the teaching of the subjects of Astronomy and Astrophysics in European secondary schools. During the Workshop, the participants will experience the present state of this multi-disciplinary science in its most general context, that is as a human, long-term scientific and technological endeavour with great cultural implications. They will exchange views on how the various elements of Astronomy can best be utilized within the educational schemes of the individual countries, both as subjects in their own rights, and especially in support of many other items on the present teaching agenda. Why This Workshop ? Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Since innumerable millenia, it has continued to have a great influence on mankind's perception of itself and its surroundings. In our days, Astronomy and Astrophysics have become a central area of the natural sciences with many direct links to other sciences (e.g., many aspects of physics, mathematics, chemistry, the geo-sciences, etc.); it has an important cultural content (including our distant origins, the recognition of the location and restricted extent of our niche in space and time, cosmological considerations as well as philosophy in general); its recent successes are to a large amount dependent on advanced technologies and methodologies (e.g., optics, electronics, detector techniques at all wavelengths, computer techniques like image processing and the transfer, storage and retrieval of enormous data sets). Astronomy is undoubtedly one of the sciences that enjoys the most intense public interest and it also has a great media appeal, in part because of its exploratory ("adventurous") character and ability to produce spectacular images, cf. the recent, dramatic collision between a comet and Jupiter. Moreover, with the increasing public awareness of the Earth's fragile ecosystems and the obvious influence of external, i.e., "astronomical" forces (solar irradiation, variations in the Earth's orbit, collisions with other bodies, radiative effects from nearby cosmic explosions, etc.), this science has taken on a new significance in the minds of many people. Nevertheless, the teaching of Astronomy in European secondary schools has been the subject of many vacillations during the past decades. In several countries it is taught at a quite rudimentary and "old-fashioned" level, in others, some of its elements are included, but most often in a seemingly haphazard way; it is very rare, that an overall, holistic view is presented. This is despite the obvious fact that many areas of Astronomy are relatively easy to comprehend (at least qualitatively) and that this science is a most illustrative example of the interplay between science, culture and technology in all its historical and modern aspects. It moreover demonstrates the unity of science, gives a host of educationally useful examples of the scientific method, and may also serve as a natural stepping stone into a large number of other areas of human knowledge and activities. The Workshop Programme The Workshop will begin in the afternoon of Friday, November 25, when the participants gather at the ESO Headquarters in Garching near Munich. It ends after four busy days in the evening of Tuesday, November 29. To begin with, specialist speakers will provide reviews of some of the scientific subjects now at the forefront of Astronomy and Astrophysics, overviews of selected astronomical tech

  19. The Educational Experiences of Pupils with a Statement for Special Educational Needs in Mainstream Primary Schools: Results from a Systematic Observation Study

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Webster, Rob; Blatchford, Peter

    2013-01-01

    Findings from the Deployment and Impact of Support Staff project showed that day-to-day support for pupils with special education needs (SEN) in mainstream UK schools is often provided by teaching assistants (TAs), instead of teachers. This arrangement is the main explanation for other results from the project, which found TA support had a more…

  20. Evaluation of the physical components in Algerian high-school pupils (16-19 years): Determination of the somatotype in relation to choice of sports activity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sebbane; M. Remaoun; Y. Harchaoui; A. Abdelkader; M. Karrou

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to explore the somatotype of Algerian high-school pupils of 16-19 years old. Various works in the field of sport have shown that athletic performance is a result of multiple factors that could be classified under psychological, physiological and physical. This last factor relates to the physical aspects. It gathers anthropometric dimensions, the body indices and the somatotypes.

  1. Inequality in Language Achievement Growth? An Investigation into the Impact of Pupil Socio-Ethnic Background and School Socio-Ethnic Composition

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Belfi, Barbara; Goos, Mieke; Pinxten, Maarten; Verhaeghe, Jean Pierre; Gielen, Sarah; De Fraine, Bieke; Van Damme, Jan

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates how pupils' growth trajectories in three language domains (reading fluency, spelling, and reading comprehension) are related to their own socioeconomic and ethnic background and to the socioeconomic and ethnic composition of their primary school. Using multilevel piecewise growth curve analysis, the growth trajectories…

  2. Evaluation of the Physical Components in Algerian High-School Pupils (16-19 Years): Determination of the Somatotype in Relation to Choice of Sports Activity

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sebbane, M.; Remaoun, M.; Harchaoui, Y.; Abdelkader, A.; Karrou, M.

    2009-01-01

    This study aims to explore the somatotype of Algerian high-school pupils of 16-19 years old. Various works in the field of sport have shown that athletic performance is a result of multiple factors that could be classified under psychological, physiological and physical. This last factor relates to the physical aspects. It gathers anthropometric…

  3. What Can the Self-Conscious Emotion of Guilt Tell Us about Primary School Teachers' Moral Purpose and the Relationships They Have with Their Pupils?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Farouk, Shaalan

    2012-01-01

    Based on interviews and adopting and phenomenological approach this article explores primary school teachers' experiences of guilt. Teachers described feeling guilty when they held themselves responsible for having let down or upset their pupils and on occasion their colleagues. Some teachers also recalled experiencing guilt when some of their…

  4. Poor sleep in adolescents: a study of 869 17-year-old Italian secondary school students.

    PubMed

    Manni, R; Ratti, M T; Marchioni, E; Castelnovo, G; Murelli, R; Sartori, I; Galimberti, C A; Tartara, A

    1997-03-01

    Subjective sleep quality and its related factors were investigated in 869 (530 F, 339 M) 17-year-old adolescents, who were selected from the pupils of state-run secondary schools in the city of Pavia in the north west of Italy. The study was conducted cross sectionally, and it consisted of a questionnaire based survey. One hundred and forty-two subjects (16.5% of the whole sample, 19% of the females and 11.7% of the males) met the criteria chosen for definition as poor sleepers (namely, a complaint of 'non restorative nocturnal sleep', 'often' or 'always' over the previous 12 mo). A significant association was found between chronic poor sleep and (1) gender (female) (2) emotional factors, such as worries, anxiety and depression (3) poor sleep hygiene (4) arousal related parasomnia. Only 4% of poor sleepers took sleep promoting drugs (including benzodiazepines, homeopathic products and other medications), generally without seeking medical advice. PMID:9125698

  5. Architectural Competition for a Secondary School in Switzerland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Eric Biéler; Michael Hacker

    1998-01-01

    The provision of new schools in established urban areas poses specific design challenges that are not common to schools on green field sites: Proposals to build a new secondary school close to the busy commercial centre of the city of Geneva posed just such a challenge and to meet it the authorities organised a two stage architectural competition.

  6. Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx

    E-print Network

    Proulx, Viera K.

    Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science In this paper we examine the current computer science curriculum in elementary schools and identify its shortcomings. We then presents a new approach to teaching computer science at the elementary school level. We

  7. A Secondary School Cooperative: Recovery at Solace Academy, Chaska, Minnesota

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monique Bourgeois

    2008-01-01

    The recovery school movement exploded across the nation in the late nineties and early part of the twenty-first century. Secondary and postsecondary recovery schools have become a vital part of the chemical dependency continuum of care and our nation's educational system. Solace Academy is a restorative practices high school designed for recovering chemically dependent students. Through the collaboration of professionals

  8. Administrator Perceptions of Transition Programs in International Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bates, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the extent to which transition programs are offered to students at international secondary schools. Components of professional development, orientation and departure programs, and transition support teams were examined. Participants included school administrators at 11 international schools across five continents. Findings…

  9. Spatial Thinking Ability Assessment in Rwandan Secondary Schools: Baseline Results

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tomaszewski, Brian; Vodacek, Anthony; Parody, Robert; Holt, Nicholas

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses use and modification of Lee and Bednarz's (2012) Spatial Thinking Ability Test (STAT) as a spatial thinking assessment device in Rwandan secondary schools. After piloting and modifying the STAT, 222 students total from our rural and urban test schools and one control school were tested. Statistical analysis revealed…

  10. Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Van Loan, Christopher L.; Barber, Brian R.

    2011-01-01

    This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to…

  11. Architectural Competition for a Secondary School in Switzerland.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bieler, Eric; Hacker, Michael

    1998-01-01

    Examines the planning and development process for building a new secondary school close to a busy commercial center in Geneva, Switzerland. The use of a two-stage architectural competition to help meet the proposal's challenges is described. Geneva's need for a new school, traditional school designs, and educational trends are also discussed. (GR)

  12. The Voice of the Pupils: An Experimental Comparison of Decisions Made by Elected Pupil Councils, Pupils in Referenda, and Teaching Staff

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gilljam, Mikael; Esaiasson, Peter; Lindholm, Torun

    2010-01-01

    This article tests whether the form of decision-making used in school environments affects pupils' views on the legitimacy of the decisions made, and of the decision-making procedure. Building on political science theory on democratic decision-making, it compares pupils' reactions towards decisions made by pupil councils, by pupils via referendum,…

  13. Good practice for pupils learning English as an additional language: Lessons from effective literacy teachers in inner-city primary schools

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Naomi Flynn

    2007-01-01

    This article presents observations and discussion of the successful teaching of English to pupils, in English primary schools, for whom English is an additional language (EAL). It draws on research in Year 2 (6—7-year old) classes in three inner-city primary schools carried out in 2003 and 2005. Three recognized, effective teachers of literacy were selected for case study; all worked

  14. Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes towards drugs in relation to drug usage, impulsiveness and other risk factors

    PubMed Central

    Jimmefors, Alexander; Archer, Trevor; Ewalds-Kvist, Béatrice

    2014-01-01

    Background. Illicit drug use influences people’s lives and elicits unwanted behaviour. Current research shows that there is an increase in young people’s drug use in Sweden. The aim was to investigate Swedish high-school pupils’ attitudes, impulsiveness and gender differences linked to drug use. Risk and protective factors relative to drug use were also a focus of interest. Method. High school pupils (n = 146) aged 17–21 years, responded to the Adolescent Health and Development Inventory, Barratt Impulsiveness Scale and Knowledge, and the Attitudes and Beliefs. Direct logistic, multiple regression analyses, and Multivariate Analysis of Variance were used to analyze the data. Results. Positive Attitudes towards drugs were predicted by risk factors (odds ratio = 37.31) and gender (odds ratio = .32). Risk factors (odds ratio = 46.89), positive attitudes towards drugs (odds ratio = 4.63), and impulsiveness (odds ratio = 1.11) predicted drug usage. Risk factors dimensions Family, Friends and Individual Characteristic were positively related to impulsiveness among drug users. Moreover, although boys reported using drugs to a greater extent, girls expressed more positive attitude towards drugs and even reported more impulsiveness than boys. Conclusion. This study reinforces the notion that research ought to focus on gender differences relative to pro-drug attitudes along with testing for differences in the predictors of girls’ and boys’ delinquency and impulsiveness. Positive attitudes towards drugs among adolescents seem to be part of a vicious circle including risk factors, such as friendly drug environments (e.g., friends who use drugs) and unsupportive family environments, individual characteristics, and impulsiveness. PMID:24949233

  15. Secondary Trauma in Children and School Personnel

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Motta, Robert W.

    2012-01-01

    A review of childhood secondary trauma is presented. Secondary trauma involves the transfer and acquisition of negative affective and dysfunctional cognitive states due to prolonged and extended contact with others, such as family members, who have been traumatized. As such, secondary trauma refers to a spread of trauma reactions from the victim…

  16. The Availability and Utilization of School Library Resources in Some Selected Secondary Schools (High School) in Rivers State

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Owate, C. N.; Iroha, Okpa

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the availability and utilization of school library resources by Secondary School (High School) Students. Eight Selected Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria were chosen based on their performance in external examinations and geographic locations. In carrying out the research, questionnaires were administered to both…

  17. To What Extent Are School Drop-In Clinics Meeting Pupils' Self-Identified Health Concerns?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kay, C. M.; Morgan, D. L.; Tripp, J. H.; Davies, C.; Sykes, S.

    2006-01-01

    Objective: This paper explores young peoples' health concerns and their knowledge and views of school nurse drop-in clinics (drop-ins) held in their schools. Design: Cross section survey of adolescents using questionnaires delivered in schools to 10 per cent of the population, and school drop-in monitoring data from the Primary Care Trust (PCT).…

  18. The Relationship between the Emotional Intelligence of Secondary Public School Principals and School Performance

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ashworth, Stephanie R.

    2013-01-01

    The study examined the relationship between secondary public school principals' emotional intelligence and school performance. The correlational study employed an explanatory sequential mixed methods model. The non-probability sample consisted of 105 secondary public school principals in Texas. The emotional intelligence characteristics of…

  19. Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 2001-02.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    McGraw Hoffman, Lee

    This report summarizes information about public elementary and secondary schools and local education agencies in the United States during the 2001-2002 school year. The information is provided by state education agencies through the Common Core of Data survey system. States reported 94,112 public elementary and secondary schools in the 2001-2002…

  20. The Pupil and Poetry.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ediger, Marlow

    Pupils should develop a thorough appreciation for poetry. Poetry may be correlated with different curriculum areas in elementary schools, such as science, math, and health. Students can be introduced to various poetic forms, such as couplets, triplets, limericks, haiku, and free verse. Teachers should encourage experimentation and novel ideas in…

  1. Still Worlds Apart: The Worldviews of Adolescent Males Attending Protestant and Catholic Secondary Schools in Northern Ireland

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Robbins, Mandy; Francis, Leslie J.

    2008-01-01

    This study draws together two research traditions: John Greer's pioneering research among pupils in Protestant and Catholic schools in Northern Ireland and Leslie J. Francis's research concerning teenage religion and values in England and Wales. A sample of 1,585 13- to 15-year-old male pupils attending Catholic schools (n = 712) and Protestant…

  2. Teachers' and parents' views on the Internet and social media usage by pupils with intellectual disabilities.

    PubMed

    Molin, Martin; Sorbring, Emma; Löfgren-Mårtenson, Lotta

    2015-03-01

    This article reports experiences from a Swedish study, discussing teachers' and parents' views on how young people with intellectual disabilities use the Internet and social media. Five semi-structured focus group interviews were conducted with teachers (n = 8) in special programmes in upper secondary schools for pupils with intellectual disabilities and parents (n = 5) of pupils in the same form of schooling, and they were analysed with thematic analysis. Teachers more strongly emphasize a pupil's use of the Internet for interactive purposes. Parents had expectations that the Internet could be a tool for gaining more awareness of one's own disability and a way to meet other peer group pupils. Teachers' and parents' perspectives on the Internet and social media usage are important since it is imperative to show how support can be provided for young people with intellectual disabilities. PMID:25524596

  3. Supporting Pupils with Dyspraxia in the Visual Arts: Does Drawing from Observation Function as an Official and Discriminatory Discourse?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Penketh, Claire

    2007-01-01

    This article examines the demands that pupils with dyspraxia may face when engaging with the secondary art and design curriculum in a mainstream secondary school. It explores the possibility that there is an exclusive approach to art and design, prioritising a formalist approach to the teaching of specific skills and mastery of techniques, and…

  4. Strategies for Preventing Behavioral Incidents in the Nation's Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Purvis, Johnny; Leonard, Rex

    1985-01-01

    Discusses strategies that can be used to prevent the five most common behavioral problems in secondary schools: (1) failure to complete assigned work, (2) tardiness, (3) inattentiveness, (4) littering, and (5) failure to bring materials to class. (FL)

  5. Secondary-School Earth Science: A Column for Teachers.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Christman, Robert

    1984-01-01

    Six secondary school teachers describe their most successful earth science investigations. They include various outdoor field activities, road-map reading skills, student-prepared and conducted investigations, and use of several materials for studying volcanoes. (JN)

  6. Gender representations in English literature texts in Tanzanian secondary schools

    E-print Network

    Gwajima, Elizabeth Kilines Sekwiha

    2011-11-24

    The study explores gender representations in English literature texts used in Tanzanian secondary schools. The aim of this research is to raise awareness of, and contribute to, the general discussion regarding gender ...

  7. Structural Reform in Secondary School Education--Tendencies and Strategies.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Zhenye, Gao; Mingan, Xiong

    1988-01-01

    This article describes structural changes in China which have given secondary education a double task: to provide general education beyond elementary school, and to train mid-level professional personnel and technically skilled workers. (IAH)

  8. ‘If you don't want to tell anyone else you can tell her’: young people's views on school counselling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Claire L. Fox; Ian Butler

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the research was to assess the views of young people about school counselling. In total, 415 pupils from five secondary schools took part in the survey. A smaller number of these pupils took part in focus groups (n=9) to explore their views in more depth. In general, the young people seemed to value having a school counsellor.

  9. Urban Density and Pupil Attainment. CEE DP 80

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbons, Stephen; Silva, Olmo

    2007-01-01

    We explore the association between urban density and pupil attainment using three cohorts of pupils in schooling in England. Although--as widely recognised--attainment in dense urban places is low on average, this is not because urban environments disadvantage pupils, but because the most disadvantaged pupils with low average attainments attend…

  10. Career Needs of Eastern Cape Pupils in South Africa.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Euvrard, George

    1996-01-01

    If school group guidance lessons are to meet the pupils' needs and are to be experienced by the pupils as being relevant to their lives, then they must address the expressed needs of the pupils. A methodological approach to defining such needs is presented that emphasizes the importance of the pupils' self-expression. (KW)

  11. Behavior Problems in Secondary Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Feldhusen, John F.

    This paper reviews the problems of antisocial student behavior in schools, tries to identify causes, and examines programs and procedures for remediating and preventing such behavior. This review focuses particularly on senior and junior high schools and all forms of antisocial, aggressive, disruptive behaviors that interfere with school

  12. A Boy's Secondary School Changes to Coeducation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ryan, Erica Clare

    2004-01-01

    In this paper, factors that influence academic achievement and self-concept of Year 12 students in their final year of schooling at a Catholic co-educational school in Adelaide, Australia were investigated. The study hypothesised there were differences in attitudes and academic performance due to prior schooling experiences, sex, home experiences,…

  13. Towards Sustainability at a Secondary Comprehensive School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hickman, Gill

    2010-01-01

    This article explores the development of sustainability at Ringwood School in Hampshire between 2005 and 2010 using two different routes. The author, herself a scientist and sustainability coordinator at the school, shows how the school has explored a range of initiatives, starting with those most straightforward for a biologist and culminating in…

  14. The Educational Challenge of Academic Freedom in the Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hart, Ann Weaver

    1983-01-01

    Issues and responsibilities related to academic freedom in secondary schools are addressed, indicating that the issues are as diverse as the institutions and individuals involved. Legislation limiting academic freedom, parental control, comparisons between academic freedom in secondary and higher education, as well as specific cases are among the…

  15. Bridging the Gap in Biochemistry between Secondary School and University

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez-Novell, Josep M.; Gomis, Roger R.; Cid, Emili; Barbera, Albert; Guinovart, Joan J.

    2002-01-01

    This manuscript describes a new strategy for introducing secondary school students to biochemistry. To bridge the gap between secondary education and the university, the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona, in collaboration with the SEBBM (The Spanish Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology),…

  16. Integration of Informal Music Technologies in Secondary School Music Lessons

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon

    2014-01-01

    Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary

  17. Secondary School Counselors as Counselors: Emerging from the Paper Shuffle.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    House, Gerry; Brown, Sandra

    This paper addresses the discrepancies between expectations and the reality of the counselor's role in secondary schools and the problems of counselors who find themselves spending too much time in clerical work and not enough time in counseling students. The design and implementation of an effective secondary counseling program at Chapel Hill…

  18. Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

    2005-01-01

    Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

  19. School and Home Co-operation and the Reading Achievement of First Grade Pupils.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rosenquist, Arthur Richard

    This study assessed the effect on reading achievement scores of school-recommended reading activities completed in the home by first graders as assisted by older members of the family during non-school hours and apart from the school program. The families of 90 first graders from a high socioeconomic level and small urban-residential district were…

  20. Democratic Governance for Inclusion: A Case Study of a Greek Primary School Welcoming Roma Pupils

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Noula, Ioanna; Cowan, Steven; Govaris, Christos

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this paper is how changes in school governance in one state primary school in a city in central Greece have resulted in a significant degree of inclusion for Roma children. This inclusivity runs counter to the disturbing occurrence of the social and ethnic segregation of a group of locally resident Roma children within schools. This…

  1. School Related Alienation: Perceptions of Secondary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kunkel, Richard C.; And Others

    Responses to questionnaires administered to 10,000 senior high school students to ascertain their feelings of alienation as related to their schools are presented. The questionnaire items concerned: School as an Institution, The School as Teacher, Authority--Autonomy, and Parental Interest in School. The findings that resulted from the…

  2. Course Outlines for Secondary School Offerings. Revised Edition.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cherry Creek School District 5, Englewood, CO.

    "Secondary School Offerings" provides a brief annotated outline of the general education courses offered in two middle units and one senior unit in the Cherry Creek Schools during 1971-72. The purpose of this summary is to supply a guide for new staff members, interested students, and parents. An overall instructional goal is to individualize…

  3. How Pervasive Are Relative Age Effects in Secondary School Education?

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cobley, Stephen; McKenna, Jim; Baker, Joeseph; Wattie, Nick

    2009-01-01

    Relative age effects (RAEs; R. H. Barnsley, A. H. Thompson, & P. E. Barnsley, 1985) convey school attainment (dis)advantages depending on whether one is relatively older or younger within annually age-grouped cohorts. In the present study, the authors examined the pervasiveness of RAEs by examining (a) attainment in 4 secondary school subjects,…

  4. Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System Handbook.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Nelson, C. Richard

    This handbook is the basic accounting document for Wisconsin's public school systems; it presents the means to achieve uniformity in reporting on the efficacy of the Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System (WESSAS). Its purpose is to provide financial information that will promote reporting, auditing, interdistrict comparison,…

  5. Computer Education in Bahrain's Secondary Schools (a Pilot Project).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chaudhry, Farouk I.; Fakhro, Samir Q.

    1986-01-01

    Discussion of implementation plans for the introduction of microcomputers into secondary schools in Bahrain highlights the establishment of training programs for teachers, selection of appropriate hardware, and development of an Arabic Standard for software design. A brief overview of the structure of Bahrain's school system is given. (Author/LRW)

  6. Managing to Learn: Instructional Leadership in South African Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hoadley, Ursula; Christie, Pam; Ward, Catherine L.

    2009-01-01

    This article reports on an empirical study of the management of curriculum and instruction in South African secondary schools. Drawing on data collected from 200 schools in 2007, a series of regression analyses tested the relationship between various dimensions of leadership and student achievement gains over time. Whilst the research confirms…

  7. Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Butler, Norman L.

    2005-01-01

    The aim of this dissertation was to compare Canadian community colleges with post-secondary vocational schools in Poland. The comparison concentrated upon programs in nursing, tourism and information technology delivered by the following three Polish schools Krakowska Szkola Medyczna, (Cracow, Poland), Policealne Studium Zawodowe, (Cracow,…

  8. The Teaching of English in Colombian Public Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stansfield, Charles W.

    This study describes and analyzes the state of English teaching in Colombian public secondary schools in 1971. Examined are the present status of the Colombian school system, the English curriculum, the attitudes of English students, and the organizations which contribute to the study of English in Colombia. The methods used to teach the language…

  9. Guidance Program Assessment. Secondary School. Comprehensive Career Guidance Projects.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Miller, Yvonne Cecil; And Others

    This manual explains how to administer the instrument, Guidance Program Assessment--Secondary School, and suggests ways to interpret the data obtained. The assessment instrument is comprised of five sections that are directed toward areas of importance in implementing a guidance program: school helping processes, teacher feedback inventory,…

  10. Treating Chemical Equilibrium Mathematically in Secondary Schools: A Preliminary Investigation.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Case, James B.

    This report presents the procedures, results, and conclusions of a study to determine the characteristics of secondary school chemistry students who were successful in grasping a mathematical approach to learning chemical equilibrium. Subjects were eighty-nine students enrolled in chemistry at a rural-suburban high school; each student had…

  11. Principals' Engagement of Low Ability Students in Singapore Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ong, Chye Hin; Dimmock, Clive

    2013-01-01

    This article describes a grounded theory constructed from a study of Singapore neighbourhood secondary school principals' engagement of their lowest stream, the Normal Technical students, in their schools. This substantive theory is labelled the "theory of selective engagement". It implies that how principals engage their lowest streamed students…

  12. Building Bridges: Transitions from Elementary to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Tilleczek, Kate

    2008-01-01

    Most young people leave elementary school and move into some form of secondary school during early adolescence. At precisely the time that young people are navigating multiple developmental challenges (social, intellectual, academic, physical), they are expected to move between these intuitions of public education. The transition is commonly…

  13. Metaphors Developed by Secondary School Students towards "Earthquake" Concept

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kaya, Huseyin

    2010-01-01

    This research was conducted to reveal the metaphors of Secondary school students about "earthquake" concept. About 105 students in two schools in Karabuk city centre participated in the research within 2009-2010 academic year. The research Data were obtained by students' completing the statement "Earthquake is like..., because...". Content…

  14. Improving the Utilisation of Management Information Systems in Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bosker, R. J.; Branderhorst, E. M.; Visscher, A. J.

    2007-01-01

    Although most secondary schools do use management information systems (MISs), these systems tend not to be used to support higher order managerial activities but are currently primarily used for clerical purposes. This situation is unsatisfactory as MISs fully utilised could offer invaluable support to schools, which are increasingly being granted…

  15. Perceptions of Adult to Student Bullying in Secondary School Settings

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Boyle, Ricki M.

    2012-01-01

    Despite the volumes of research on peer-to-peer bullying little research has been done regarding teacher to student bullying. Educational professionals recognize that bullying and intimidation have a negative effect on school climate. The purpose of the study was to explore the prevalence of teacher to student bullying in secondary schools from…

  16. The Managerial Behavior of Secondary School Heads in Punjab (Pakistan)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Naeemullah, Khan; Muhammad, Inamullah Hafiz; Muhammad, Sarwar; Uddin, Muhammad Naseer; Shafqat, Hussain

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to explore the perception of secondary school heads and their managerial roles. The sample of the study consisted of 56 school heads including 34 males and 22 females. A five-point scale was designed by the researchers for data collection. One of the researchers personally collected and recorded the information from…

  17. Momentum and Kinetic Energy: Confusable Concepts in Secondary School Physics

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryce, T. G. K.; MacMillan, K.

    2009-01-01

    Researchers and practitioners alike express concerns about the conceptual difficulties associated with the concepts of momentum and kinetic energy currently taught in school physics. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the treatment given to them in 44 published textbooks written for UK secondary school certificate courses. This is set…

  18. Language genre transitions in a secondary school physics classroom

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. W. Bower; N. F. Ellerton

    2007-01-01

    The research reported in this paper addressed the nature of transitions between language genres in school physics. In this qualitative study, quasi-ethnographic methods were employed to understand the culture of one secondary school physics classroom in the USA. One teacher and his physics students were the participants. The teacher was interviewed and class sessions were observed over the course of

  19. Elementary and Secondary Schools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

    This pamphlet provides general information and guidelines concerning the application of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act to employees of elementary and secondary schools, as of January 1974. Separate short sections of the pamphlet examine various provisions of the act, emphasizing their impact on employer-employee relations in the schools.…

  20. Gendered Harassment in Secondary Schools: Understanding Teachers' (Non) Interventions

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Meyer, Elizabeth J.

    2008-01-01

    This article provides an analysis of teachers' perceptions of and responses to gendered harassment in Canadian secondary schools based on in-depth interviews with six teachers in one urban school district. Gendered harassment includes any behaviour that polices and reinforces traditional heterosexual gender norms such as (hetero)sexual harassment,…

  1. The Impact of Secondary School Occupational Education in Massachusetts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Conroy, William G., Jr.; Diamond, Daniel E.

    The six-year study examined the impact of various secondary school occupational education programs upon the lifestyle of Massachusetts students, classes of 1969 and 1973. Focusing upon school-labor market relations, the report aims to provide a base for improving policies to prepare and guide students into successful careers. Four substantive…

  2. Adolescent Suicide and the Role of the School as Seen by Secondary School Principals, Research Monograph.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cochran, Kent S.; Turner, A. Lynn

    By means of a survey of secondary school principals, whose schools are members of the East Texas School Study Council, a regional cooperative of over 80 schools in the North East Texas area, this study sought to determine the desired and existing roles of the principals in dealing with the adolescent suicide problem. The study also identified the…

  3. Grade Inflation and School Competition: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Swedish Upper Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wikstrom, C.; Wikstrom, M.

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the connection between grade inflation and school competition by studying graduates from the Swedish upper secondary schools in 1997. The final grades are compared to the SweSAT national test scores. Single school municipalities are compared with multiple school municipalities in order to study if potential intra-municipal…

  4. Comprehensive School Mental Health: An Integrated "School-Based Pathway to Care" Model for Canadian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wei, Yifeng; Kutcher, Stan; Szumilas, Magdalena

    2011-01-01

    Adolescence is a critical period for the promotion of mental health and the treatment of mental disorders. Schools are well-positioned to address adolescent mental health. This paper describes a school mental health model, "School-Based Pathway to Care," for Canadian secondary schools that links schools with primary care providers and mental…

  5. Survey of administration of medicines to pupils in primary schools within the London area

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I C K Wong; T Awolowo; K Gordon; Y W Mo

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To examine the policy, administration, and supervision of medicine administration in primary schools within the Greater London area (GLA).Design: A prospective survey using postal questionnaires sent to 172 randomly selected primary schools within the GLA.Participants: Head teachers of primary schools.Results: Some 65% of head teachers replied. Less than 50% of responding head teachers had actually read the national guidelines

  6. Comparison of Self-Concepts and Delinquent Behaviours in Junior Secondary School Students from Prevocational Schools and Grammar Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Leung, Jin-pang

    1990-01-01

    Surveyed 1,148 Chinese junior, prevocational, secondary school students to investigate self-concepts and delinquent behaviors when compared to grammar secondary school counterparts. Examined data from an earlier study of junior grammar school students. Finds earlier group had higher self-esteem whereas the prevocational students were more likely…

  7. Primary-Secondary Transfer: A Science Perspective

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Watkins, Richard

    2010-01-01

    It is a recurring debate many people have probably been engaged in: why do pupils appear to under-perform in the lower years of secondary school? In the latest in their "Perspectives on education" series, "Primary-secondary transfer in science" (Wellcome Trust, 2009), the Wellcome Trust addresses this problematic area with respect to UK science…

  8. [Use of painkillers by Polish secondary school students and the influence of TV commercials].

    PubMed

    Buczak, A; Lukasik, I M; Witek, A

    2010-11-01

    This article refers to the results of research conducted in 2008 with financial support (as a grant) of UMCS vice-chancellor. The topic was: Environmental and personal circumstances of taking painkillers available without prescription by secondary school students. 276 high school pupils in Lublin (equivalent of higher grammar-school level in Germany) were examined with a copyright questionnaire to check, among other things, how TV commercials affect taking painkillers. 40.6% of participants take analgesics very often, almost half of them (47.1%) reach for drugs which they know from commercials. 75% of students can indicate at least four examples of specific commercials advertising painkillers. In their depiction of these analgesics by metaphors a great number of analogies with TV advertisements can be found. Those who claim frequent intake of painkillers describe them as 'necessary, essential' (31.3%) or as 'convenient (giving comfort)' (19.6%). At the same time the majority of students (94.6%) is convinced that reaching for painkillers is socially accepted. Such attitude is probably reinforced by ubiquitous advertising of those drugs in Polish media. PMID:20063261

  9. Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1997-98

    NSDL National Science Digital Library

    1999-01-01

    Released by the National Center for Education Statistics, this report presents overview data on the 87,631 elementary and secondary public schools in the US who provided instruction to 46.1 million students during the 1997-98 school year. The thirteen-page report provides statistical information on school districts, public schools, and students in K-12 public schools. Included are seven detailed data tables that profile the total number of students in public schools and in public school districts, the distribution of schools and students by instructional level and urbanicity, the rate of high school dropouts, and several other student characteristics.

  10. The Development of Intrapersonal Intelligence in Pupils Experiencing Social, Emotional and Behavioural Difficulties

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mowat, Joan Gaynor

    2011-01-01

    This article draws from an evaluative case study of a group work approach--Support Groups--designed by the author to support pupils perceived as having Social and Emotional Behavioural Difficulties within a Secondary school situated in an area of multiple deprivation in Scotland. The study, which is principally qualitative, draws from the accounts…

  11. Gender and Technology in Hong Kong: A Study of Pupils' Attitudes toward Technology.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Volk, Kenneth S.; Ming, Yip Wai

    1999-01-01

    Discussion of attitudes toward traditional male and female roles and technology focuses on a study of Hong Kong secondary school students that used a Pupils' Attitudes toward Technology (PATT) instrument to investigate perceptions of the difficulty of technology, technology in the curriculum, pursuing technology careers, parents' careers, home…

  12. Physics: Frightful, but Fun. Pupils' and Teachers' Views of Physics and Physics Teaching

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Angell, Carl; Guttersrud, Oystein; Henriksen, Ellen K.; Isnes, Anders

    2004-01-01

    There is widespread concern for the situation of school physics regarding recruitment, contents, teaching methods, etc. In this study based on questionnaire and focus group data, we explore how upper secondary pupils and teachers perceive physics as a subject, how they experience physics instruction, and how physics compares to other subjects. Our…

  13. Girls' Participation in Post-16 Mathematics: A View from Pupils in Wales

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cann, Rosemary

    2009-01-01

    A number of studies have highlighted that anxiety, confidence and enjoyment are influential factors on students' participation in mathematics, and in particular girls' participation. This paper, based upon data collected as part of a PhD thesis, examines the effect of these influences on pupil choices within different types of secondary schools in…

  14. Evaluation of High School Programme for Gifted Pupils in Physics and Sciences in Serbia - Experience in Regional Cooperation -- SEENET-MTP Network

    E-print Network

    Djordjevic, Goran S; Stankovic, Jelena

    2011-01-01

    The "High school class for students with special abilities in physics" was founded in Nis, Serbia (http://tesla.pmf.ni.ac.rs/f_odeljenje/) in 2003. The basic aim of this project has been introducing a broadened curriculum of physics, mathematics, computer science, as well as chemistry and biology. Now, eight years after establishing of this specialized class, we present analyses of the pupils' skills in solving rather problem oriented test, as PISA test, and compare their results with the results of pupils who study under standard curricula. Also, an external evaluation conducted more recently, shows that Special physics class students performed higher on science knowledge test in comparison with students from control groups (grammar school and special math class students). Establishing of the Special physics class as an interesting educational experiment and its development has been connected, in a sense, with activities of the Southeastern European Network in Mathematical and Theoretical Physics. We present...

  15. Classics and the Reorganisation of Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Morton, D. J.; And Others

    With widespread reform of the English grammar and public schools imminent, the development of new structures within the "common" or "comprehensive" schools to assure the continuation of classics and Latin studies is suggested in this booklet. Current educational trends are clarified in articles on: (1) the present situation, (2) the practical…

  16. Secondary School Projects and the Microchip.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Irvine, A. F.

    This study of the applications of microelectronic devices in industry, together with an assessment of their value for use in schools, emphasizes the basic principles underlying the new technology and the practical ways in which these can contribute to associated work in computing and other disciplines in the school curriculum. Following a…

  17. MOOC Integration into Secondary School Courses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Najafi, Hedieh; Evans, Rosemary; Federico, Christopher

    2014-01-01

    We investigated how high school students taking a university preparatory economics course would engage with the learning and assessment components of a Behavioural Economics MOOC that was integrated into their school-based course. Students were divided into two groups, MOOC-only, with no teacher support, and blended-mode, with weekly tutorials.…

  18. Mentoring of Student Teachers and Its Impact on Pupils and Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Isik, Halil

    2004-01-01

    Initial teacher training was a new concept in the beginning of the 19th century and has undergone a tremendous amount of change since then. Currently, the common element of this change process is to invoke more practical training in schools. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of the mentoring activities within schools. This study…

  19. The Beliefs and Behaviors of Pupils in an Experimental School: The Science Lab.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Lancy, David F.

    This booklet, the second in a series, reports on the results of a year-long research project conducted in an experimental school associated with the Learning Research and Development Center, University of Pittsburgh. Specifically, this is a report of findings pertaining to one major setting in the experimental school, the science lab. The science…

  20. Home and School Numeracy Experiences for Young Somali Pupils in Britain.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jones, Lesley

    1998-01-01

    Examined the home and school numeracy experiences of young Somali children living in the United Kingdom. Results indicated that the home numeracy experience was in a more formal setting than the majority of school learning experiences. Explored cultural conflicts and recommended that teachers take into account children's home learning experiences.…

  1. Teachers' and Pupils' Perceptions of the School Nurse in Relation to Sexual Health Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

    2009-01-01

    The current government in the United Kingdom has made a commitment to reducing the high rates of teenage conceptions and sexually transmitted infections by implementing various sexual health strategies. It emphasises an increased public health role for school nurses by identifying that they have access to the school-age population and the…

  2. Fostering Humaneness in Our Schools: Pupil Services Teach Conference: Vehicle for Helping Atypical Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Sussman, Charles; And Others

    1973-01-01

    A series of articles on how a Maryland school system utilized the team conference concept in fostering humaneness in its schools. Discussions on the role of the principal; an alternative program for disruptive, low-achieving students; a teaching program in human behavior; and a sociopsychological approach to drug education were included. Presented…

  3. A Study of the Effect of Secondary School Leadership Styles on Student Achievement in Selected Secondary School in Louisiana

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harris, Cydnie Ellen Smith

    2012-01-01

    The effect of the leadership style of the secondary school principal on student achievement in select public schools in Louisiana was examined in this study. The null hypothesis was that there was no statistically significant difference between principal leadership style and student academic achievement. The researcher submitted the LEAD-Self…

  4. Cognitive ability of preschool, primary and secondary school children in costa rica.

    PubMed

    Rindermann, Heiner; Stiegmaier, Eva-Maria; Meisenberg, Gerhard

    2015-05-01

    Cognitive abilities of children in Costa Rica and Austria were compared using three age groups (N=385/366). Cognitive ability tests (mental speed, culture reduced/fluid intelligence, literacy/crystallized intelligence) were applied that differed in the extent to which they refer to school-related knowledge. Preschool children (kindergarten, 5-6 years old, N CR=80, N Au=51) were assessed with the Coloured Progressive Matrices (CPM), primary school children (4th grade, 9-11 years old, N CR=71, N Au=71) with ZVT (a trail-making test), Standard Progressive Matrices (SPM) and items from PIRLS-Reading and TIMSS-Mathematics, and secondary school students (15-16 years old, N CR=48, N Au=48) with ZVT, Advanced Progressive Matrices (APM) and items from PISA-Reading and PISA-Mathematics. Additionally, parents and pupils were given questionnaires covering family characteristics and instruction. Average cognitive abilities were higher in Austria (Greenwich-IQ M CR=87 and M Au=99, d IQ=12 points) and differences were smaller in preschool than in secondary school (d IQ=7 vs 20 points). Differences in crystallized intelligence were larger than in fluid intelligence (mental speed: d IQ=12, Raven: d IQ=10, student achievement tests: d IQ=17 IQ points). Differences were larger in comparisons at the level of g-factors. Austrian children were also taller (6.80 cm, d=1.07 SD), but had lower body mass index (BMICR=19.35 vs BMIAu=17.59, d=-0.89 SD). Different causal hypotheses explaining these differences are compared. PMID:24597991

  5. Helwan University Project Developing Primary School Pupils' Abilities and Skills at Some Egyptian Underprivileged Areas (Slums). (Field Study)

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    El-Tayeb, Mahmoud N.; El Nashar, Mohamed; Zeid, Mai M.; El-Sayed, Magda; Ramadan, Mohamed A.; Hamdi, Safia M.; El-Affy, Nabila; Ebeid, Amina K.; El-Marasi, Sonia S.; Abou-Elmahty, Maher

    2010-01-01

    Through directing concerted efforts and educational services of seven Faculties of Helwan University towards socially underprivileged pupils in slum areas (EL-Marg area in big Cairo) this research project had two main aims: firstly, modifying a set of arbitrary behaviors of those pupils, in a trial to develop some behavior skills associated with…

  6. Effect of a Physical Education Teacher's Disability on High School Pupils' Learning and Perceptions of Teacher Competence

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bryant, Lance G.; Curtner-Smith, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    Background: To date, most of the work done by those who do research in adapted sport pedagogy (a sub-discipline of sport pedagogy focused on modified forms of physical education that address the needs of pupils with disabilities) has focused on the experience of pupils with disabilities and relatively little work has examined the difficulties…

  7. Gendered Perceptions of Schooling: Classroom Dynamics and Inequalities within Four Caribbean Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Younger, Mike; Cobbett, Mary

    2014-01-01

    This paper sets out to interrogate the reality of secondary schooling in one part of the Caribbean, through a case study exploration of the "gender regimes" of four secondary schools in the small Eastern Caribbean nation state of Antigua and Barbuda. In Antigua, as in the Caribbean region more broadly, the focus of attention has been on…

  8. Organizational health and the achievement level of students in science at the secondary-level schools in Sri Lanka

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pakkeer-Jaufar, Pakkeer Cadermohideen

    This study sought to identify those organizational health factors that might have overriding influence on the achievement level of students in science in Sri Lankan secondary schools. This study involved 752 students, 33 science teachers, and 10 principals from two different districts, Ampara and Colombo, in Sri Lanka. Ten Tamil medium, secondary level, public schools were selected to participate in this study. Data were collected using four types of instruments: a questionnaire for pupils; interview schedules for science teachers and principals; checklists for classroom/school facilities, science laboratory facilities, and science practicals; and a science achievement test. The analysis focused on the collective perceptions of students, science teachers, and principals. Regression and path analyses were used as major analysis techniques, and the qualitative data provided by science teachers and principals were considered for a crosschecking of the quantitative inferences. The researcher found teacher affiliation, academic emphasis, and instructional leadership of the principal, in descending order, were the overriding influential factors on the achievement level of students in science in Sri Lankan secondary schools. At the same time a similar descending order was found in their mean values and qualities. The researcher concluded that increasing the quality of the organizational health factors in Sri Lankan secondary schools would result in improved better achievement in science. The findings further indicate that instructional leadership of the principal had both direct and indirect effects on students' achievement in science when academic emphasis and teacher affiliation were taken into account. In addition, the resource support of the principal did not make any difference in students' science achievement and the findings stress the availability of the resources for individual students instead of assuming the general facilities of the school are available to all students of the school.

  9. Promoting photonics learning and research among secondary school students

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Lam, Yoong K.; Lim, Tuan-Kay

    2002-05-01

    As a premier institute of learning in Singapore, The Chinese High School (CHS) is committed to nurturing the high academic achievers in the country to be forerunners and leaders in research, technology, business and government. We have chosen to stimulate our talented young minds by constantly exposing them to new frontiers of knowledge and technology as one would find in photonics. Our strategies of achieving the objectives are the following: (1) Prepare a series of activity-based lessons that cater for all levels, particularly the juniors, so as to get students interested in the subject. (2) Organize talks and seminars by renowned scientists and entrepreneurs to motivate and to expose our pupils to new applications and developments in photonics. (3) Provide the students with top-notch facilities within the campus to encourage and to support more students to do research. (4) Establish strategic alliances with local and international organizations through mentorship, attachment and immersion programs. (5) Encourage teachers to upgrade themselves to keep abreast with the latest developments in photonics through participation in workshops and conferences. (6) Attract talented primary school students with special interest in photonics to join our school. The CHS Photonics Learning and Research Center was set up in 2000. We are very fortunate to continue to obtain full support from the school administration, various professional bodies and institutes of higher learning, be it locally or from abroad, in running our programs.

  10. Literacy Education for Nursery School Children of Cross-National Marriages in Taiwan

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Yeh, Yu-ching

    2014-01-01

    In the past decade, more and more Taiwanese men have married women from Southeast Asian countries and China. Children of cross-national marriages now account for one-tenth of primary school pupils. Previous research on primary and secondary school pupils' performance in different subjects has indicated that the children of cross-national…

  11. Recess Activity and General Health Status among Iranian Elementary SchoolsPupils

    PubMed Central

    Shaghaghi, Abdolreza; Piri, Massumeh; Allahverdipour, Hamid; Asghari- Jafarabadi, Mohammad

    2013-01-01

    Background: Regular and daily physical activity during childhood and at school is one of the important part of requirements of normal growth, development and well-being. To achieve physical activity promotion among school child aged population recess as outside of class time efforts is scheduled and allows students to engage in physical and social activities. The purpose of the present study was to assess recess activities as well as status of physical activities among a sample of Iranian students at the primary schools. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in four randomly selected schools from a list of 26 elementary schools in March, 2012 in the city of Shahindej, located in North-west of Iran. Participants were 439 (10–12 years) elementary schools’. Physical activity level by self-reporting, mental health using the parent-completed Child Health Questionnaire, and happiness was assessed using a Persian translated version of the Subjective Happiness Scale. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was applied in two steps using the enter method to analyze data in the SPSS version 17. Results: Backward logistic regression analysis showed that gender of the parent who answered the study questions, father’s education, educational grade of children, BMI, physical function, physical health, health status of the children and family function were significantly related to the children’s physical activity level. Conclusion: Promoting parents’ awareness and schools’ staff about importance of physical activities especially in recess times must be an important part of school and community mental health promotion programs. PMID:24688952

  12. A RESEARCH APPROACH TO ESTABLISHING PUPIL SERVICES.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    GILBERTSON, CARLYLE W.; PERRONE, PHILIP A.

    THE AUTHORS STATE THAT A MORE COMPREHENSIVE APPROACH FOR DETERMINING PUPIL PERSONNEL AND RELATED SERVICES NEEDED IN A SCHOOL SYSTEM IS DESIRABLE. THIS STUDY TOOK PLACE IN THE WISCONSIN COOPERATIVE EDUCATION SERVICE AGENCY 13 AND INVOLVED 87 PERCENT OF THE TEACHERS IN 30 SCHOOLS. THESE TEACHERS IDENTIFIED 2,300 PUPILS IN NEED OF REMEDIAL HELP. FROM…

  13. A Study of the Effects of School Size and Single-Sex Education in English Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spielhofer, Thomas; Benton, Tom; Schagen, Sandie

    2004-01-01

    National value-added datasets have recently become available that record a pupil's progress from Key Stage 2 right through to GCSE. Such a dataset is clearly a useful tool for assessing the impact various characteristics of secondary schools have on pupil performance. This paper reports on a research project which involved the use of a variety of…

  14. Evaluating Accounting Software in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chalupa, Marilyn

    1988-01-01

    The secondary accounting curriculum must be modified to include computers and software. Educators must be aware of the computer skills needed on the job and of the accounting software that is available. Software selection must be tailored to fit the curriculum and the time available. (JOW)

  15. Cocurricular Activity Programs in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gholson, Ronald E.; Buser, Robert L.

    This booklet provides a history of the role played by extracurricular activities in American secondary education, summarizing their objectives, principles, and problems, and classifying their types. The student-activity concept is traced through four stages of historical development in the United States. Noting that the objectives of cocurricular…

  16. Enzymes: A Workshop for Secondary School Students.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Bering, C. Larry

    1994-01-01

    Describes the weekend science workshop on enzymes and includes several projects that involve students directly, parts of which can be incorporated into a traditional chemistry, biology, or physical science course at the secondary level. Subjects include catalysts and catalytic converters in cars, enzymes as consumer products and in industrial…

  17. Laboratory Technicians in Australian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hackling, Mark W.

    2009-01-01

    A number of reports have argued that secondary science education needs to be more inquiry oriented and involve authentic and practical investigations to develop scientific literacy and better engage students in learning science. Inquiry-oriented approaches, such as those advocated in the new science national curriculum, require that teachers have…

  18. The Structure of Primary and Secondary Teachers' Attributions for Pupils' Misbehaviour: A Preliminary Cross-Phase and Cross-Cultural Investigation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gibbs, Simon; Gardiner, Marianne

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to see if systematic contrasts in educational culture and curricular emphases might affect the underlying structure of teachers' attributions for children's behaviour. Thus, responses to a questionnaire developed from earlier work by Miller and colleagues (2000, 2002) were gathered from primary and secondary school

  19. Public Education Resources and Pupil Performance Models: A Summary Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Spottheim, David; And Others

    This is a summary of a report which presents three models quantifying the relationships between educational means (resources) and ends (pupil achievements) to analyze resource allocation problems within school districts: (1) the Pupil Performance Model; (2) the Goal Programming Model; and (3) the Operational Structure of a School and Pupil

  20. Competitive Foods and Beverages Available for Purchase in Secondary Schools--Selected Sites, United States, 2004

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kann, L.; Grunbaum, J.; McKenna, M. L.; Wechsler, H.; Galuska, D. A.

    2005-01-01

    School Health Profiles is conducted biennially to assess characteristics of school health programs. State and local departments of education and health select either all public secondary schools within their jurisdictions or a systematic, equal-probability sample of public secondary schools to participate in School Health Profiles. At each school,…

  1. Physical Activity and School Performance: A Survey among Students Not Qualified for Upper Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ericsson, Ingegerd; Cederberg, Margareta

    2015-01-01

    Background: Many students leave compulsory school without being qualified to apply for national upper secondary school programmes. Despite efforts, the number of unqualified students in Sweden has increased. Grades from compulsory school have direct implications for students' educational futures and the requirement to qualify for an upper…

  2. Ideal versus School Learning: Analyzing Israeli Secondary School Students' Conceptions of Learning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hadar, Linor

    2009-01-01

    This study explored 130 secondary school students' conceptions of learning using an open-ended task, analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Students' reality of learning comprised two separate spheres, ideal learning and school learning, which rarely interacted. Generally, students commented more about school than ideal learning. Factor…

  3. Best Practices for Effective Secondary School Counselors

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Shelton, Carla F.; James, Edward L.

    2004-01-01

    The recent wave of accountability reform movements has largely overlooked the needs of middle and high school counselors, yet has generated daunting pressure for guidance programs to be standards-based and data-driven. Written from the perspective of a practicing, certified counselor, this guide contains essential information needed to implement…

  4. British Columbia Secondary School Admission Requirements

    E-print Network

    and Second Language Education, Modern Languages (German, Italian, Spanish), Philosophy, Political Science**, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Social Justice**, Sociology, Visual Arts**, Women's Studies. · French majors require French. · Majors in all other languages do not require prior high school language

  5. Improving Student Services in Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn; Cunanan, Esmeralda S.

    1995-01-01

    No single comprehensive student services delivery model exists, and "student services" terminology remains problematic. The Office of Student Services has defined student services as those services provided by educational institutions to facilitate learning and the successful transition from school to work, military, or more education. To be…

  6. Outline on Secondary School Moral Education

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chinese Education and Society, 2006

    2006-01-01

    Moral education is political, ideological, moral, and psychological quality education conducted for students. It plays a decisive and guiding role in upholding the socialist nature of schools, assuring the correct political direction in cultivating talent, and promoting the all-around development of students. Guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong…

  7. Norwegian Secondary School Teachers and ICT

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wikan, Gerd; Molster, Terje

    2011-01-01

    ICT is meant to be integrated in all subjects in Norwegian schools; nevertheless many teachers are reluctant to use ICT in their own teaching. This paper explores to what extent teachers use ICT in their classroom teaching and what teacher-level factors influence the use of ICT. It draws on an analysis of 10 focus-group interviews with 10 teachers…

  8. Collaborative Teaming in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Knackendoffel, E. Ann

    2005-01-01

    Adolescents with learning disabilities are not educated in a vacuum. Successful programming for these students involves many school professionals working together to integrate their programs for the benefit of students with learning disabilities. Collaborative teaming probably can best be described as an attitude rather than a certain way of…

  9. The Emergence of Cyberbullying: A Survey of Primary School Pupils' Perceptions and Experiences

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Monks, Claire P.; Robinson, Susanne; Worlidge, Penny

    2012-01-01

    There is little research that has examined cyberbullying among children under the age of 11 years. The current study explored the nature and extent of the phenomenon among primary school children aged 7- to 11-years-old (N = 220; 116 boys and 104 girls) and investigated their perceptions of the distress caused to victims, how victims would feel,…

  10. Perceptions of School Superintendents and Board Presidents on Improved Pupil Performance and Superintendent Evaluation

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Moffett, Josephine

    2011-01-01

    It is well documented that the demands on school superintendents have not only become more taxing but have also changed in recent years. The superintendent needs to possess a high degree of knowledge and skills in a diverse number of areas, including psychology, finances, personnel, and general education while functioning at a very high level in…

  11. Training School Pupils in the Scientific Method: Student Participation in an International VLF Radio Experiment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Denton, J. J.; Denton, M. H.; Kavanagh, A. J.; Harron, H.; Ulich, T.; Denton, J. S.

    2012-01-01

    We report on a school-university collaboration to involve students in the deployment, testing, and operation of a very low frequency (VLF) radio receiver as part of an international network of such experiments. A background to the collaboration is presented, along with a summary of planning and development, and the ultimate deployment of the…

  12. Consultation in Schools: Helping Staff and Pupils with Unresolved Loss and Mourning

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maltby, Jane

    2008-01-01

    This paper describes how an application of psychodynamic principles and techniques in a school setting can open up perspectives and insights into aspects of loss and mourning, which result in the personal and professional growth of individuals. It discusses applied psychoanalytic work in relation to its clinical base in the consulting room, in…

  13. Adolescents' views about a proposed rewards intervention to promote healthy food choice in secondary school canteens.

    PubMed

    McEvoy, C T; Lawton, J; Kee, F; Young, I S; Woodside, J V; McBratney, J; McKinley, M C

    2014-10-01

    Using rewards may be an effective method to positively influence adolescent eating behaviour, but evidence regarding this approach is limited. The aim of this study was to explore young adolescent views about a proposed reward intervention associated with food choice in school canteens. Focus groups were held in 10 schools located in lower socioeconomic areas within Northern Ireland and involved 90 pupils aged 11-12 years (54 girls, 36 boys). Our findings indicated a high degree of acceptability for a reward scheme but there was major diversity in the type of rewards valued by pupils, largely defined by geographical area and socio-cultural differences. Pupils from rural areas tended to emphasize group-based and longer-term rewards, whereas pupils from urban-city schools tended to suggest individualistic and immediate rewards. The major factors influencing food choice were food price, value for money, taste and visual appearance. Pupils felt that factors outside of their control, such as being assigned to the second lunch sitting placed considerable constraints on their food choice. This research not only indicated a high degree of acceptability for a rewards-based intervention but also highlighted a number of socio-cultural and environmental factors that should be considered by researchers when developing such an intervention. PMID:24851865

  14. Social and School Connectedness in Early Secondary School as Predictors of Late Teenage Substance Use, Mental Health, and Academic Outcomes

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Lyndal Bond; Helen Butler; G. Dip; John Carlin; Sara Glover; Glenn Bowes; George Patton

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: To examine associations between social relationships and school engagement in early secondary school and mental health, substance use, and educational achievement 2- 4 years later. Methods: School-based longitudinal study of secondary school students, surveyed at school in Year 8 (13-14-years-old) and Year 10 (16-years-old), and 1-year post-secondary school. A total of 2678 Year 8 students (74%) participated in the

  15. The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post–secondary Schooling

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pedro Carneiro; James J. Heckman

    2002-01-01

    This paper examines the family income -- college enrollment relationship and the evidence on credit constraints in post-secondary schooling. We distinguish short-run liquidity constraints from the long-term factors that promote cognitive and noncognitive ability. Long-run factors crystallized in ability are the major determinants of the family income -- schooling relationship, although there is some evidence that up to 8% of

  16. A cluster-randomized trial assessing the impact of school water, sanitation, and hygiene improvements on pupil enrollment and gender parity in enrollment

    PubMed Central

    Garn, Joshua V.; Greene, Leslie E.; Dreibelbis, Robert; Saboori, Shadi; Rheingans, Richard D.; Freeman, Matthew C.

    2013-01-01

    We employed a cluster randomized trial design to measure the impact of a school based water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) improvement on pupil enrollment and on gender parity in enrollment, in primary schools in Nyanza Province, Kenya (2007-2009). Among schools with poor water access during the dry season, those that received a water supply, hygiene promotion and water treatment (HP&WT) and sanitation improvement, demonstrated increased enrollment (?=0.091 [0.009, 0.173] p=0.03), which translates to 26 additional pupils per school on average. The proportion of girls enrolled in school also increased by 4% (prevalence ratio (PR)=1.04 [1.00, 1.07] p=0.02). Among schools with better baseline water access during the dry season (schools that didn't receive a water source), we found no evidence of increased enrollment in schools that received a HP&WT intervention (?=0.016 [-0.039, 0.072] p=0.56) or the HP&WT and sanitation intervention (?=0.027 [-0.028, 0.082]p=0.34), and there was no evidence of improved gender parity (PR=0.99 [0.96, 1.02] p=0.59, PR=1.00 [0.97, 1.02] p=0.75, respectively). Our findings suggest that increased school enrollment and improved gender parity may be influenced by a comprehensive WASH program that includes an improved water source; schools with poor water access during the dry season may benefit most from these interventions. PMID:24392220

  17. Moving On: The Challenges for Foreign Language Learning on Transition from Primary to Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hunt, Marilyn; Barnes, Ann; Powell, Bob; Martin, Cynthia

    2008-01-01

    Europe's commitment to language learning has resulted in higher percentages of pupils studying foreign languages during primary education. In England, recent policy decisions to expand foreign language learning at primary level by 2010 create major implications for transition to secondary. This paper presents findings on transition issues from…

  18. Musculoskeletal Pain Disorders among Secondary School Saudi Female Teachers.

    PubMed

    Darwish, Magdy A; Al-Zuhair, Shatha Z

    2013-01-01

    Objective. This study was conducted to estimate prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal pain disorders among secondary school Saudi female teachers in Al-Khobar area and the psychodemographic and psychosocial factors that may affect them. Material and Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted using sample of secondary schools teachers (governmental and private school) in Al-Khobar area, Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire. Result. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders was 79.17%. Main sites of pain were lower back (63.8%) followed by shoulder (45.4%), neck (42.1%), leg (40.0%), wrist (16.2%), and elbow joint (10.0%). Factors that showed significant relationship were type of school (p value 0.038), age (p value 0.002), weight (p value 0.007), number of children (p value 0.006), shoe type (p value 0.000), teaching years (p value 0.003), and working daily hours (p value 0.027). Conclusion. Secondary school female teachers showed high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders in most anatomic sites, namely, the back, shoulder, neck, legs, wrist, and elbow joint. Risk factors associated with significant pain were type of school, age, weight, number of children, and number of teaching years. PMID:23970968

  19. The Effect of Immigration on the School Performance of Natives: Cross Country Evidence Using PISA Test Scores

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brunello, Giorgio; Rocco, Lorenzo

    2013-01-01

    We use aggregate PISA data for 19 countries over the period 2000-2009 to study whether a higher share of immigrant pupils affects the school performance of natives. We find evidence of a negative and statistically significant relationship. The size of the estimated effect is small: doubling the share of immigrant pupils in secondary schools from…

  20. Parental Involvement in the Secondary Schools in Bangladesh: Challenges and a Way Forward

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kabir, Ariful Haq; Akter, Farjana

    2014-01-01

    Parental involvement with secondary schools is a relatively new concept in the Bangladeshi education perspective. The formation of School Management Committee (SMC) and various programs carried out by the secondary schools have created opportunities for parents as community members to be involved in secondary schools in Bangladesh. This article…

  1. The pupils' view of electricity

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Joan Solomon; Paul Black; Valerie Oldham; Heather Stuart

    1985-01-01

    The sight and use of electrical appliances, the folklore and attitudes towards them, and the vague pre?concepts about the nature of electricity, all precede and influence school learning about it. This research into the young pupils’ views was undertaken by a group of practising school teachers who used free writing, similes, and pictures, as well as group interviews. The results

  2. An Empirical Analysis of Teacher Spillover Effects in Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Koedel, Cory

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines whether educational production in secondary school involves joint production among teachers across subjects. In doing so, it also provides insights into the reliability of value-added modeling. Teacher value-added to reading test scores is estimated for four different teacher types: English, math, science and social-studies.…

  3. A Survey of Computing Activities in Secondary Schools. Final Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Korotkin, Arthur L.; And Others

    Results of a survey of secondary schools indicate that the use of computers, especially for instructional purposes, has grown rapidly. However, the diversity of use is still limited. The most prevalent applications are problem solving and Electronic Data Processing (EDP) skills training. The major emphasis of computer application is on teaching…

  4. Continental Drift: A Discussion Strategy for Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Paixao, Isabel; Calado, Silvia; Ferreira, Silvia; Salves, Vanda; Smorais, Ana M.

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes a discussion strategy for secondary school students. The strategy focus the various dimensions of Science, especially the internal sociological and philosophical dimensions. Students are expected to learn more about Science, namely the role of controversy for scientific progress. The article contains key questions for the…

  5. Philosophy and Ethics in Western Australian Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Millett, Stephan; Tapper, Alan

    2014-01-01

    The introduction of Philosophy and Ethics to the Western Australian Certificate of Education courses in 2008 brought philosophy into the Western Australian secondary school curriculum for the first time. How philosophy came to be included is part of a larger story about the commitment and perseverance of a relatively small number of Australian…

  6. A Tracer Study of Lebanese Upper Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Dallal, Kamel; Rizkallah, George; Rabah, Jihan

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents data arising from a tracer study of 90 terminating Beirut upper secondary school students. Nearly all the students intended to transit to university, about half of them to science and technology programmes, and subsequently did so. Median anticipated earnings upon graduation were realistic, but a lack of information or guidance…

  7. Organisational Change in Secondary Schools: An Action Approach.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, Ronald

    1982-01-01

    Presents the results of a longitudinal study that identified changes in the organization of British secondary schools from 1969-1979. There were changes in grouping practices, grading frequency, the prefectorial system, sex differentiation, and activities. The results are explained in terms of an action approach derived from Weber. (AM)

  8. Microworlds: Building Powerful Ideas in the Secondary School

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jenkins, Craig William

    2012-01-01

    In the 1960s, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) developed a programming language called LOGO. Underpinning this invention was a profound new philosophy of how learners learn. This paper reviews research in the area and asks how one notion in particular, that of a microworld, may be used by secondary school educators to build powerful…

  9. Digital Libraries in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers' Conception

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and…

  10. Attitudes toward Science among Australian Tertiary and Secondary School Students

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hassan, Ghali

    2008-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that might be associated with students' attitudes towards science. The participants were 1745 students from secondary schools and universities across Australia. The results of factor analysis, descriptive statistics, Tukey's post hoc test and correlation analysis demonstrate that there…

  11. The American Government Information Unit: Curriculum Alternatives for Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Adelson, Nancy C.; Crosby, Sandra G.

    The laboratory has created this information unit to help answer curriculum planning questions for secondary school curriculum decision makers. It tells about the products and activities of nine selected curriculum development programs by organizing the following information in chart, summary, then complete report form for quick and easy review and…

  12. Evaluation of Section Heads' Performance at Kuwait Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Al-Hamdan, Jasem M.; Al-Yacoub, Ali M.

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: The study attempts to examine the viewpoints of those involved in evaluating the performance of section heads in Kuwait secondary schools; mainly section heads themselves, supervisors and principals. It sets out to determine the strength and weaknesses in the performance evaluation form designed for section heads.…

  13. Feelings of Existential Fulfilment and Burnout among Secondary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Loonstra, Bert; Brouwers, Andre; Tomic, Welko

    2009-01-01

    Teacher burnout is recognized as a serious problem. In research it has been related to many person-specific variables; one of these, the variable of existential fulfilment, has received very little attention thus far. The present study focuses on the relationship between existential fulfilment and burnout among secondary school teachers in the…

  14. Integrated Arts Curriculum in Hong Kong Secondary Schools

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Wong, Marina Wai-yee

    2012-01-01

    This longitudinal study (2001-09) of two Hong Kong secondary schools highlights six issues with an integrated arts curriculum: first, integration of knowledge and skills negatively precedes the integration of learners' construction of meaning; second, integration is perceived as challenging the profession's status; third, teachers are unaccustomed…

  15. A Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Course for Secondary School Teachers

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Fernandez-Novell, J. M.; Cid, E.; Gomis, R.; Barbera, A.; Guinovart, J. J.

    2004-01-01

    This article describes a course for reinforcing the knowledge of biochemistry in secondary school science teachers. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona designed a course to bring these teachers up to date with this discipline. In addition to updating their knowledge of biochemistry and molecular…

  16. Conflicting Concepts of Participation in Secondary School Citizenship

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mead, Nick

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines a rare response by Ofsted to academics' concerns about a prevailing compliance model of Citizenship in secondary schools. Ofsted's defence of a non-compliance model is then tested against a small sample of Ofsted inspection data. The limited evidence suggests that Ofsted's defence is undermined by the adoption of an…

  17. Overlooked & Underserved: Immigrant Students in U.S. Secondary Schools.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Ruiz-de-Velasco, Jorge; Fix, Michael

    The Program in Immigrant Education (PRIME) was created in 1993 by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to focus on immigrant secondary education and the challenges faced by older limited English proficient students and the high-poverty schools they attend. This report documents the changes in immigrant student populations and notes the challenges faced…

  18. Transition to College: Perspectives of Secondary School Students. ACAATO Document

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    King, A. J. C.; Warren, W. K.

    2006-01-01

    This research report represents the first phase of a multi-year collaborative research initiative of the Association of Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology of Ontario. The initiative is designed to develop a cohesive picture of the pathways from secondary school to college. The major purpose of this phase of the research was to identify…

  19. Model Spacecraft Construction, Units for Secondary School Industrial Arts.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Dean, C. Thomas; And Others

    This publication provides twelve model spacecraft construction plans for use by secondary school teachers in industrial arts classes. These models were adopted and developed from plans supplied by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and are representative selections from the many spacecraft used in space exploration programs. Some…

  20. Secondary School Students' Motivation and Achievement in Combined Science

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Chow, Shean Jen; Yong, Bob Chui Seng

    2013-01-01

    This study investigated students' motivation and achievement in combined science. A sample of 324 Year 11 students from eight government secondary schools in Brunei Darussalam participated in the study. Of the sample, 141 were boys and 183 were girls and their average age was 16.4 years. The motivation instrument used was adapted from the science…