Note: This page contains sample records for the topic secondary school science from Science.gov.
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Last update: August 15, 2014.
1

Science Guide for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This six-chapter guide is designed to help Georgia teachers adopt or adapt various options into the local school's science curriculum. Major areas addressed in the chapters are: (1) secondary school curriculum development (focusing on performance objectives, sequencing the curriculum, evaluation, and scientific literacy); (2) teaching methods…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

2

Secondary School Science and Technology in Mauritius.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Traces the history of secondary school science in Mauritius to identify factors that may have influenced its link to technology of local significance. Reports that while there are many educational and vocational opportunities, the education system is founded on literary lines with examinations. Subsequent selection at different levels has become…

Hunma, Vandana

2002-01-01

3

Supporting Struggling Readers in Secondary School Science Classes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many secondary school students struggle to read complex expository text such as science textbooks. This article provides step-by-step guidance on how to foster expository reading for struggling readers in secondary school science classes. Two strategies are introduced: Text-to-Speech (TTS) Software as a reading compensatory strategy and the…

Roberts, Kelly D.; Takahashi, Kiriko; Park, Hye-Jin; Stodden, Robert A.

2012-01-01

4

Leadership styles in secondary school science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comparison of United States secondary school science teachers who mentor high quality student research and teachers who do not mentor research was conducted using a demographic survey and the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire-Form 5X. The major demographic difference between the two groups was a significantly greater number of years of teaching experience in the research group, a factor that correlated significantly with Extra Effort in students. Research group teachers self-reported higher mean scores than non-research group teachers on the five transformational leadership scales plus the transactional scale of Contingent Reward; however, a Multivariate Analysis of Variance found no significant difference between the groups. Independent t-tests found no significant difference between the groups based upon the remaining transactional scales. The research group was found to be significantly higher on the outcome variable of Extra Effort generated by students while the non-research group rated themselves significantly higher on Satisfaction of students. Transformational leadership in teachers should be addressed by future studies as a possible method of identifying motivational teachers.

Lawson, Michael A.

5

Secondary-School Earth Science: A Column for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six secondary school teachers describe their most successful earth science investigations. They include various outdoor field activities, road-map reading skills, student-prepared and conducted investigations, and use of several materials for studying volcanoes. (JN)

Christman, Robert

1984-01-01

6

Teaching controversial issues in the secondary school science classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A sample of fourteen secondary school biology teachers chosen from twelve schools were interviewed. The purpose was to determine their views on how controversial issues in science might be handled in the secondary school science classroom and whether the issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were suitable controversial issues for discussion in schools. In general, teachers indicated that controversial issues deserve a more prominent place in the science curriculum because they have the potential to foster thinking, learning, and interest in science. The issues of surrogacy and human embryo experimentation were seen as appropriate contexts for learning, provided that teachers were well informed and sensitive to both the students and to the school environment.

van Rooy, Wilhelmina

1993-12-01

7

The Formation of Science Choices in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I examine the formation of post-16 choices over 3 years among higher achieving students with respect to enrolment in post-compulsory science courses. Transcripts from four interviews carried out over 3 years with 72 secondary school students were qualitatively analysed. Students were found to shape their choices for science in a…

Cleaves, Anna

2005-01-01

8

Implementing and Supporting Earth Science Curriculum Reform in Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The American Geological Institute has been actively involved in developing earth science curricula for more thanm 40 years through programs like Earth Science Sourcebook and the Earth Science Curriculum Project. Recently, the AGI was funded by the National Science Foundation to develop curriculum for secondary school (grades 6-12) that would address the Earth science and inquiry content standards of the National Science Education Standards. The EarthComm (high school) and Investigating Earth Systems (middle school) curriculum programs were developed through funding from the National Science Foundation and corporate sponsors of the AGI Foundation, and published for the 2002-2003 schol year. The AGI is now actively involved in developing and refining systems for supporting the professional development of teachers who implement EarthComm and Investigating Earth Systems. The paper presentation will outline how AGI is supporting teachers through a combination of web-based programs, teacher workshops, and DVD and video materials.

Smith, M. J.

2003-12-01

9

Emirates Secondary School Science Teachers' Perspectives on the Nexus between Modern Science and Arab Culture.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study involving (n=286) secondary school science teachers from the seven Emirates which constitute the United Arab Emirates. Reports that Emirates secondary school science teachers did not view modern science as only a subculture of Western culture. (Contains 40 references.) (Author/YDS)

Haidar, Abdullateef H.

2002-01-01

10

Secondary School Science and Logical Thinking.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of this project was to disseminate materials and information contained in two projects previously funded by the National Science Foundation. "Science Teaching and the Development of Reasoning" (Robert Karplus) and "The Cognitive Analysis Project" (John Renner) were the project materials disseminated in a two-phase effort. The first phase…

Strickland, A. W.

11

Teaching Secondary School Science through Drama  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is substantial evidence that teaching science through creative methods increases pupils' motivation and their enjoyment of science. This has been found to be particularly true for those pupils who are not always self-motivated and who find learning easier when less formal techniques are used. Drama is an excellent method of bringing…

Darlington, Helen

2010-01-01

12

Investigating the Impact of Snacks on Secondary School Students' Science Learning and Science Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. This study also explored the relationship between teacher science self-efficacy and confidence. The study utilized thirteen (13) teachers participating in an inquiry science professional development that…

Knowles, Reco T.

2012-01-01

13

Investigating the Impact of Snacks on Secondary School Students' Science Learning and Science Self-efficacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. This study also explored the relationship between teacher science self-efficacy and confidence. The study utilized thirteen (13) teachers participating in an inquiry science professional development that occurred on July 24 -30, 2011 at a public state university. The study also employed seventy-five (75) students from a magnet secondary school. Qualitative methods such as interviews both focus group and semi-structured interviews and observations were employed to evaluate the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. The study revealed that Snacks had significant impact on knowledge, attitude, confidence and understanding for both students and teachers. The study also showed that Snacks helped to increase students and teachers' science engagement, interest and enthusiasm.

Knowles, Reco T.

14

Understanding understanding in secondary school science: An interpretive study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the teaching of secondary school science with an emphasis on promoting student understanding. In particular, I focused on two research questions: What are the possible meanings of teaching for understanding? And, how might one teach secondary school science for understanding? After semi-structured interviews were conducted with 13 secondary school science teachers, grounded theory methodology was used to interpret the data. As a result of the selective coding process, I was able to identify 14 connected components of teaching for understanding (TfU). The process of TfU involves: puzzle-solving, a specific pedagogy and a conscious decision. The teacher must be a reflective practitioner who has some knowledge of the facets of understanding. The teacher comes to a critical incident or crisis in his or her pedagogy and adopts a mindset which highlights TfU as a personal problematic. Teachers operate with student-centred rather than teacher-centred metaphors. TfU requires a firm belief in and passion for the process, a positive attitude and excellent pedagogical content knowledge. It hinges on a performance view of understanding and demands risk-taking in the science classroom. Abstracting these ideas to a theory led me to the notion of Purposive Teaching . In their purposive-driven role as pedagogues, these teachers have placed TfU at the core of their daily practice. Constraints and challenges facing TfU as well as implications of the findings are discussed. Keywords. science teaching, teaching for understanding, purposive teaching, constructivism, understanding, pedagogy, pedagogical content knowledge, memorization, meaningful learning, reflective practice.

O'Neill, Maureen Gail

15

Gender Stereotyping and Affective Attitudes towards Science in Chinese Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores explicit and implicit gender-science stereotypes and affective attitudes towards science in a sample of Chinese secondary school students. The results showed that (1) gender-science stereotyping was more and more apparent as the specialization of science subjects progresses through secondary school, becoming stronger from the…

Liu, Mingxin; Hu, Weiping; Jiannong, Shi; Adey, Philip

2010-01-01

16

Particles in Action. Study Guide. Unit C2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Stocklmayer, Sue

17

Particles in Action. Teacher's Guide. Unit C2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

18

Looking at Life. Study Guide. Unit A2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

19

What is Matter? Study Guide. Unit C1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a two-part unit…

Stocklmayer, Sue

20

Looking at Life. Teacher's Guide. Unit A2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

21

What Makes Things Happen? Teacher's Guide. Unit B. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dube, Peter

22

Developing a Project-Based Secondary School Science Academy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

For the past several years Deer Valley High School (Antioch, CA) has hosted a space academy known as the ESPACE academy (for Earth, Space Astronomy Center for Education). This academy has promoted original student primary research on astronomy and physics topics and initiated the school’s first entries into science fair and directed a number of students into science careers. During the next school year the Antioch Unified School District is supporting the expansion of the academy into a general science academy encompassing all areas of science, a move into a new building, and the development of a science academy model making it easier to integrate the academy into the larger school’s academic program. The presentation will discuss the design of the new academy and the involvement of students in projects connected to NASA’s WISE, Spitzer, and other missions.

Adkins, J.

2009-12-01

23

The ZIM-SCI Project. Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Progress Report No. 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) was started in 1981 with the aim of developing a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. Project activities included developing student study guides, corresponding teaching…

Dock, A. W.

24

Mentor teachers' perceptions of their own professional development within a secondary science professional development school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mentor teachers' perceptions of their professional development within a secondary science professional development school were studied using grounded theory within a postmodern lens. The driving questions which framed this study were: How do mentor teachers' perceive their own professional development in the context of an emerging secondary science Professional Development School? How is mentor professional development supported or inhibited in

Sherry Maureen Kreamer

2003-01-01

25

Improving Achievement in Science in Primary and Secondary Schools. Improving Series  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on inspections of science in primary and secondary schools carried out between September 2000 and March 2004. In addition to schools inspected as part of the generational cycle, HMI also visited other primary and secondary schools to observe and describe aspects of best practice. The report also draws on other major sources of…

Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Education, 2005

2005-01-01

26

An Investigation of Science Teaching Practices in Indonesian Rural Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study reports on teaching practices in science classrooms of Indonesian lower secondary schools in rural areas. Using six schools from three districts in the province of Kalimantan Selatan as the sample, this study found that most teaching practices in science classrooms in rural schools were teacher-centred with students copying notes.…

Wahyudi; Treagust, David F.

2004-01-01

27

SNOW SCIENCE IN A SECONDARY SCHOOL PHYSICS CURRICULUM  

Microsoft Academic Search

As high school physics teachers, we want students to experience a strong applied curriculum, and snow science\\/avalanche education provides a unique opportunity to meet that goal. We included snow science as a unit in 12th-grade Physics at Nathan Hale High School in Seattle, Washington, combining classroom preparation with expert lectures on snowpack mechanics and snowpack analysis. Students assembled field kits

Matthew J. Hinckley; Karl J. Englert

28

Reorganization of Science in Secondary Schools. Bulletin, 1920, No. 26  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The committee on science of the Commission on the Reorganization of Secondary Education has carried on its work by means of discussions, correspondence, and formulation of preliminary reports for over seven years. The discussion of preliminary reports by groups, committees, and at meetings of science teachers has revealed progressive work already…

Bureau of Education, Department of the Interior, 1920

1920-01-01

29

Parental Involvement, Interest in Schooling and Science Achievement of Junior Secondary School Students in Ogun State, Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the relative and combined influences of parental involvement and interest in schooling on science achievement of selected Junior Secondary School students in Ogun State, Nigeria. Twelve secondary schools were selected from the four administrative divisions of the State. A sample of 360 students participated in the study and…

Olatoye, R. A.; Ogunkola, B. J.

2008-01-01

30

English Secondary School Students' Perceptions of School Science and Science and Engineering  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Debates about school science, students' engagement with, and participation in Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), and the supply of suitably qualified people for STEM related fields have been ongoing in England since the early 20th Century. Recent key policy documents and STEM related organisations have highlighted a skills gap…

Bevins, Stuart; Byrne, Eleanor; Brodie, Marilyn; Price, Gareth

2011-01-01

31

Students' Views of Science: A Comparison between Tertiary and Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is relatively little research evidence that documents current students' views of science--particularly a comparison of secondary and tertiary science. Further, little is known about how students' views of science differ according to level of study. This study provides evidence of students' view of science from both school and university…

Hassan, Ghali

2011-01-01

32

An Analysis of Incident/Accident Reports from the Texas Secondary School Science Safety Survey, 2001  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated safety in Texas secondary school science laboratory, classroom, and field settings. The Texas Education Agency (TEA) drew a random representative sample consisting of 199 secondary public schools in Texas. Eighty-one teachers completed Incident/Accident Reports. The reports were optional, anonymous, and open-ended; thus,…

Stephenson, Amanda L.; West, Sandra S.; Westerlund, Julie F.; Nelson, Nancy C.

2003-01-01

33

Students' perceptions about science: The impact of transition from primary to secondary school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As students move through school, attitudes to school in general, and science in particular, become less positive. This paper reports on a longitudinal study which mapped, from the students' point of view, the transition between primary and secondary school in Western Australia. The study focused on the subject of science, and used both quantitative and qualitative methods. During the transition, there is a considerable change in the organisation of the school, the curriculum and the teacherstudent relationship. Students in this study, especially the girls, were generally disenchanted with the teaching strategies used in their secondary science classrooms, and regretted the loss of the close teacher-student relationship of their primary school years. Their perceptions were that science in secondary school was not what they had expected, and this experience may have long term implications for their subject and career choices.

Speering, Wendy; Rennie, Léonie

1996-09-01

34

Innovative Methods of Teaching Science and Engineering in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes the design of an interactive learning environment to increase student achievement in secondary schools by addressing students' preconceptions, and promoting purposeful social collaboration, distributed cognition, and contextual learning. The paper presents the framework that guided our design efforts to immerse all students in a progression of guided-inquiry hands-on activities. Students find compelling reasons to learn by responding

Nathan BALASUBRAMANIAN; Brent G. WILSON; Krzysztof J. CIOS

35

Post-Graduate Life Science Institute for Secondary School Teachers. Executive Summary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The goal of the project was to improve the quality and increase the amount of science knowledge of secondary school life science teachers through a series of workshops and summer institutes using medical school life scientists as the primary vehicle to transfer knowledge to teachers who would then transmit that knowledge to their students. A total…

Baylor Coll. of Medicine, Houston, TX.

36

To Improve Secondary School Science and Mathematics Teaching.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The first dozen years of the National Science Foundation's (NSF) Summer Institutes Program, 1954-65 are reviewed. The full report entitled "An Investment in Knowledge" is scheduled for publication in 1969. The forerunner of NSF Summer Institutes was held during July and August of 1954 at the University of Washington. Fifty-three high school

Krieghbaum, Hillier; Rawson, Hugh

37

A Multilevel Study on Trends in Malaysian Secondary School Students' Science Achievement and Associated School and Student Predictors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article aims to investigate variations in science achievement for secondary school students across the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) assessments and to examine the relations of several student- and school-level factors with achievement. The data were obtained from 5,577, 5,314, and 4,466 Malaysian eighth…

Mohammadpour, Ebrahim

2012-01-01

38

A Look at the 1959 National Science Foundation's "Summer Science Training Program for High-Ability Secondary School Students."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1959 National Science Foundation Summer Science Training for High-Ability Secondary School Students Program contained 117 programs offered by 105 institutions in 37 states and Puerto Rico. For this report, 11 of the 117 programs were selected for visits by an observer highly trained and experienced in mathematics and/or science education. In…

Richardson, Bellows, Henry and Co., Inc., New York, NY.

39

Factors That Lead to Positive or Negative Stress in Secondary School Teachers of Mathematics and Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the factors that contribute to the development of positive stress and distress in teachers within secondary schools in England. It draws on narrative interviews undertaken with 12 mathematics and science teachers in six schools and focuses on three of these teachers to explore issues in more depth. The findings demonstrate that…

Mujtaba, Tamjid; Reiss, Michael

2013-01-01

40

Students' Views about Secondary School Science Lessons: The Role of Practical Work  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports an interpretive study that sought students' views about the role that practical work plays in their school science lessons. Twenty-nine students aged between 13 and 16 years were selected from three secondary schools in England. Data were collected from initial lesson observations and in-depth interviews in order to explore…

Toplis, Rob

2012-01-01

41

Evaluation of authentic science projects on climate change in secondary schools: a focus on gender differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines secondary-school students’ opinions on participating in authentic science projects which are part of an international EU project on climate change research in seven countries. Partnerships between schools and research institutes result in student projects, in which students work with and learn from scientists about the global carbon cycle. This study focuses in particular on differences between male

Elma Dijkstra; Martin Goedhart

2011-01-01

42

Students, Schools, and Enrollment in Science and Humanity Courses in Israeli Secondary Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports the deteriorating status of the humanities and social sciences versus mathematics in Israeli secondary education that was revealed through a study of 19,047 academic-track students in 201 schools for four years. More able students tended to specialize in mathematics and science, for which student characteristics were the major determinants…

Ayalon, Hanna; Yogev, Abraham

1997-01-01

43

Effects of a Science Education Module on Attitudes towards Modern Biotechnology of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article evaluated the impact of a four-lesson science module on the attitudes of secondary school students. This science module (on cancer and modern biotechnology) utilises several design principles, related to a social constructivist perspective on learning. The expectation was that the module would help students become more articulate in…

Klop, Tanja; Severiens, Sabine E.; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Mil, Marc H. W.; Ten Dam, Geert T. M.

2010-01-01

44

Geology and Earth Sciences Sourcebook for Elementary and Secondary Schools, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This earth science resource book, designed for use by elementary and secondary school teachers, presents aspects of earth science which illustrate the significance of matter, energy, forces, motion, time, and space in the dynamics and history of the earth. The major content of this resource manual consists of authoritative information about earth…

Heller, Robert L.

45

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

46

The Chemicals of the Earth. Study Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Stocklmayer, Sue

47

Living Things and Their Food. Study Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

48

Energy for Living. Teacher's Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

49

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

50

The Chemicals of the Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

51

Learning to be a Scientist. Teacher's Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

52

Energy for Living. Study Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide includes activities and…

Hosking, Bunty

53

Atoms and Molecules. Study Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Mandizha, George

54

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

55

Using Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

56

Forces in Living Things. Study Guide. Unit H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty; Zesaguli, Josie

57

Forces in Action. Study Guide. Unit H1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Dube, Peter

58

Forces. 'O' Level Teacher's Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Udwin, Martin

59

Forces. 'O' Level Study Guide. Unit 1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a five-part unit…

Udwin, Martin

60

Learning to be a Scientist. Study Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide introduces students to…

Stocklmayer, Sue

61

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

62

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

63

Life, Beginning and Growing. Teacher's Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

64

Life, Beginning and Growing. Study Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Hosking, Bunty

65

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Teacher's Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Zesaguli, Josie

66

Reproducing by Flowers and Seeds. Study Guide. Unit E2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and environmental laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide consists of…

Zesaguli, Josie

67

Secondary school students' interests, attitudes and values concerning school science related to environmental issues in Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the relationship between students' interests in environmental issues, attitudes to environmental responsibility and biocentric values in school science education. The factors were investigated within the framework of three moderators: gender, school and residential area of the school. The survey was carried out using the international ROSE questionnaire with ninth?grade students (N = 3626) from 68 schools. Likert?type

Anna Uitto; Kalle Juuti; Jari Lavonen; Reijo Byman; Veijo Meisalo

2011-01-01

68

Secondary School Students' Interests, Attitudes and Values Concerning School Science Related to Environmental Issues in Finland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the relationship between students' interests in environmental issues, attitudes to environmental responsibility and biocentric values in school science education. The factors were investigated within the framework of three moderators: gender, school and residential area of the school. The survey was carried out using the…

Uitto, Anna; Juuti, Kalle; Lavonen, Jari; Byman, Reijo; Meisalo, Veijo

2011-01-01

69

Science and Mathematics Books for Elementary and Secondary Schools, A Bibliography from the Educational Materials Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an annotated bibliography of science and mathematics textbooks and juvenile trade books received in the Educational Materials Center between January, 1969 and February, 1970. The contents are divided into two major sections: Juvenile Literature, and Textbooks for Elementary and Secondary Schools. The first section includes only those books…

Watt, Lois B.; And Others

70

Metacognitive Strategies on Classroom Participation and Student Achievement in Senior Secondary School Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teachers constantly face the challenges of the most effective methods of instruction that could enhance academic achievement and match the diversity among students. This study therefore aimed at examining the effects of metacognitive strategies on classroom participation and student achievement in Senior Secondary School Science classrooms. One…

ibe, Helen Ngozi

2009-01-01

71

Pedagogic Thinking that Grounds E-Learning for Secondary School Science Students in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Course designers adopted a language-learners approach to the online teaching of New Zealand secondary school students in the subject of astronomy. This was possible because the curriculum for astronomy that was in 2004 established as a part of New Zealand's national curriculum was specifically designed to engage underachieving students in science

Shaw, Robert

2007-01-01

72

The Effects of a Course in Science and Culture Designed for Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to evaluate the success of an experimental secondary school course for fostering scientific literacy and the development of scientific attitudes. Students were matched using I.Q., sex, grade level, involvement with formal science courses, and cumulative grade point average. Twenty-one "self selected" eleventh and twelfth…

Cossman, George Wilford

73

The Investigation of Secondary School Science and Mathematics Pre-Service Teachers' Attitudes towards Teaching Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine how pedagogical content courses taken during teacher education programs affect the pre-service teachers' attitudes toward teaching profession. 239 secondary school science and Mathematics (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics) pre-service teachers participated in the study and "Teaching Professional…

Akbulut, Omer Engin; Karakus, Fatih

2011-01-01

74

Introduction of the Concepts of Plate Tectonics into Secondary-School Earth Science Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school earth-science textbooks in print from 1960 through 1979 were examined to determine how rapidly concepts of plate tectonics were incorporated into those texts during the period when scientists' views about these concepts were evolving most rapidly. Suggests that delays were probably due to an unwillingness to engage in speculation…

Glenn, William Harold

1992-01-01

75

Supporting and Resourcing Secondary Science Teachers in Rural and Regional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the outcomes of a pilot project to support secondary teachers of science in rural and regional Tasmania. The pilot project involved eight regional schools and was based on the provision of a kit of materials and an associated learning program that used brine shrimp or "sea-monkeys" to test for water quality. The unit was…

Kenny, John; Seen, Andrew; Purser, John

2008-01-01

76

A CRITICAL ANALYSIS OF THE PHYSICAL SCIENCE AND SUPPORTING MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF SOUTH DAKOTA.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

FACTORS WHICH WERE BELIEVED TO CONTRIBUTE TO STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT WERE INVESTIGATED. THE SAMPLE WAS TAKEN FROM 130 FOUR-YEAR SECONDARY PUBLIC AND NON-PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN SOUTH DAKOTA. STUDENT ACHIEVEMENT IN SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICS WAS COMPARED TO CLASS RANK, AND EXAMINED IN RELATION TO SUCH SCHOOL VARIABLES AS (1) SCHOOL ENROLLMENT, (2) SCIENCE AND…

BEDWELL, THOMAS HOWARD

77

A Science-Technology-Society Paradigm and Cross River State Secondary School Students' Scientific Literacy: Problem Solving and Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Science-Technology-Society (STS) curriculum on students' scientific literacy, problem solving and decision making. Four hundred and eighty (480) Senior Secondary two science and non-science students were randomly selected from intact classes in six secondary schools in Calabar Municipality of…

Umoren, Grace

2007-01-01

78

An Insight into Constructivism and Discovery Inquiry in the Teaching of Science by Secondary School Trainee Teachers during Practicum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the Post Graduate Diploma (KPLI) secondary school science trainee teachers' conceptions of constructivism and discovery inquiry and their related practice in the classroom during practicum. The study involved four KPLI participants undergoing practicum. Two of the participants taught science in the same school and did team teaching in Form four class. The third participant taught science in

Thangavelo Marimuthu; Maktab Perguruan Sultan; Abdul Halim

79

Science and Career Education in the Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recommends that science teachers plan units devoted to career education. A chemistry career oriented unit including motivational, study, occupational correlating, and research activities as well as evaluation techniques is presented. (CP)

Bradley, Loretta J.

1976-01-01

80

Secondary Schools Curriculum Guide, Science, Grades 7-9. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides instructional objectives and activities for teaching science in grades 7-9. It is intended to serve as a resource to teachers, students, department chairmen, curriculum planners, and anyone else involved in curriculum planning. At least one major objective is stated for each section. Numbered objectives are specific…

Cranston School Dept., RI.

81

Secondary Schools Curriculum Guide, Science, Grades 10-12. Revised.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide offers instructional objectives and activities for teaching science in grades 10-12. The objectives are stated in behavioral or performance terms and have been arranged in increasing levels of complexity according to Bloom's Taxonomy. The behavioral objectives generally include: (1) the objective statement, specifying the…

Cranston School Dept., RI.

82

IMPACTS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONS SUMMER SCIENCE PROGRAM FOR HIGH ABILITY SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EXAMINED ARE THE EFFECTS OF SUMMER SCIENCE PROGRAMS ON PARTICIPANTS, THEIR HIGH SCHOOLS, THEIR FUTURE EDUCATIONAL PLANS AND CAREERS, AND THE HOST INSTITUTION. ESTABLISHED CRITERIA WERE USED TO SELECT 18 OF 147 PROGRAMS SPONSORED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION IN 1960. ORIENTATION, CLASSROOM, AND RESEARCH PROGRAMS WERE INCLUDED IN THE SAMPLE.…

EDGERTON, HAROLD A.

83

Secondary school science teaching, 1970--1992: Objectives as stated in periodical literature  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose of the study. The major purpose of this study was to identify and classify objectives for teaching science in secondary schools in the United States during the period 1970--1992. These objectives were identified by objective statements in articles from selected professional periodicals. Procedure. The 1970--1992 period was divided into two subperiods on the basis of major historical events. Selected professional periodicals were searched for statements of objectives of secondary school science teaching. These statements were catalogued into Knowledge, Process, Attitude and Interest, or Cultural Awareness categories. The resulting data were classified within and across the two subperiods according to frequency of occurrence, category, authorship, and year. Findings. The major findings of this investigation included the following: (1) Authors in Higher Education produced the most articles, both research-oriented and nonresearch-oriented, and the most statements in each subperiod. Miscellaneous authors produced the least articles and statements. (2) Statements in the Process category were most frequent in the two subperiods. (3) The "most important" objectives for secondary school science teaching were Philosophical, sociological, and political aspects (from the Cultural Awareness category), Processes, skills, and techniques (from the Process category), and Major facts, principles, or fundamentals (from the Knowledge category). (4) Attitude and Interest objectives were consistently ranked as least important throughout the study. (5) The ranking of "most important" objectives in research-oriented articles generally agreed with the ranking in articles as a whole. Conclusions. Based on the findings of this investigation, the following conclusions were made: (1) The objectives for teaching secondary school science were influenced by historical events, especially the Vietnam War, the Cold War, the AIDS pandemic, and the publication of A Nation at Risk: The Imperative for Educational Reform. (2) Authors in Higher Education wrote more articles about the objectives for the teaching of secondary school science than those in the other categories. This was probably a reflection of the "publish or perish" environment in many colleges and universities. (3) The most important objectives for secondary school science teaching were Philosophical, sociological, and political aspects, Processes, skills, and techniques, and Major facts, principles, or fundamentals. The preponderance of these objectives is most likely a result of cultural and social unrest during this period. (4) The number of research-oriented articles, as a percentage of all articles, doubled from the first subperiod to the second subperiod. There appears to be a trend during the second subperiod toward more data-based articles.

Hemby, Brian Franklin

84

The effects of a professional development geoscience education institute upon secondary school science teachers in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The geographic and geologic settings of Puerto Rico served as the context to develop a mixed methods investigation on: (1) the effects of a five-day long constructivist and field-based earth science education professional development institute upon 26 secondary school science teachers' earth science conceptual knowledge, perceptions of fieldwork, and beliefs about teaching earth science; and (2) the implementation of participants'

Pablo Antonio Llerandi Roman

2007-01-01

85

Teaching Soil Science in Primary and Secondary Schools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earth's thin layer of soil is a fragile resource, made up of minerals, organic materials, air, water, and billions of living organisms. Soils plays a variety of critical roles that sustain life on Earth. If we think about soil, we tend to see it first as the source of most of the food we eat and the fibers we use, such as wood and cotton. Few students realize that soils also provide the key ingredients to many of the medicines (including antibiotics), cosmetics, and dyes that we use. Fewer still understand the importance of soils in integrating, controlling, and regulating the movement of air, water, materials, and energy between the hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Because soil sustains life, it offers both a context and a natural laboratory for investigating these interactions. The enclosed poster, which integrates soil profiles with typical landscapes in which soils form, can also help students explore the interrelationships of Earth systems and gain an understanding of our soil resources. The poster, produced jointly by the American Geological Institute and the Soil Science Society of America, aims to increase awareness of the importance of soil, as does the GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations To Benefit the Environment) Program. Vice President Al Gore instituted the GLOBE Program on Earth Day of 1993 to increase environmental awareness of individuals throughout the world, contribute to a better scientific understanding of the Earth, and help all students reach higher levels of achievement in science and mathematics. GLOBE functions as a partnership between scientists, students, and teachers in which scientists design protocols for specific measurements they need for their research that can be performed by K-12 students. Teachers are trained in the GLOBE protocols and teach them to their students. Students make the measurements, enter data via the Internet to a central data archive, and the data becomes available to scientists and the general community. Students benefit by having a "hands-on"experience in science, math, and technology, using their local environment as a learning laboratory, as well as contact with scientists and other students around the world. Soil investigations have become an essential component of GLOBE. The protocols that have been developed so far within the GLOBE program include GPS Location, Atmosphere/Climate, Soil Characterization, Soil Moisture and Temperature, Land Cover/Biometry, Hydrology, and Satellite Image Classification. For the GLOBE Soil Characterization Protocol, students explore the physical. chemical, and morphological properties of the soil at their study site. They are asked to dig a pit or use an auger to about 1 meter at at least 2 sites.

Levine, Elissa R.

1998-01-01

86

In Praise of Questions: Elevating the Role of Questions for Inquiry in Secondary School Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If scientific inquiry is to be part of the focus in secondary school science, teachers must develop learning situations in which question posing is essential and they must help students learn how to pose scientifically oriented questions. In focusing on questions, teachers and students both play an important role the classroom. Teachers provide rich inquiry-based opportunities for students, while students engage in exploring the phenomena they encounter in class.

Milne, Catherine

2008-01-01

87

Mathematics and Science Literacy of Final-Year Secondary School Students: Dutch Results in an International Context.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes and analyzes the design and outcomes of the Mathematics and Science Literacy Study of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in the Netherlands, focusing on students in the final year of secondary school. In comparison with students from other countries, final-year secondary students in the Netherlands seem to be…

Kuiper, Wilmad; Bos, Klaas; Plomp, Tjeerd

2001-01-01

88

Investigating how implementing interactive technologies in a secondary school science program influences student attitude and motivation towards science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study was an action research study comparing student attitudes and motivation toward science learning before and after the implementation of interactive technologies into secondary school science classrooms. Quantitative data were collected through survey questionnaires completed before and after the new technologies had been introduced. Results were analyzed using analysis of variance to determine if there were any statistically significant increases in students' motivation towards science learning. In the analysis of the student questionnaires, there were no quantitative data found to indicate that the inclusion of interactive technologies have increased student attitude or motivation towards learning science in this sample population. While the study did not generate any significant conclusions, it did provide information and recommendations into how technology could be better utilized in this secondary setting.

Cobb, Griffin Michael

89

An Innovative Environmental Science Education Program for Secondary School Science Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The investigator, after surveying 70 leading teaching institutions throughout the United States and concluding that there were no environmental science education programs that were both inter- and intra-disciplinary in approach to preparing teachers to teach environmental education at the secondary level, developed such a program. Using a course…

McKenna, Harold James, Jr.

90

Indigenous and Western Knowledges in Science Education: An Ethnographic Study of Rural and Urban Secondary Schools and Classrooms in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Kenya, indigenous knowledges related to the natural sciences are not considered in the formal science education of secondary students. Despite the prevalence of studies that examine indigenous knowledges in Kenyan school and community contexts, the perspectives of students and teachers concerning indigenous natural science knowledges and their…

O'Hern, Darren M.

2010-01-01

91

An evaluation of a professional development course for secondary school science teachers: Chesapeake Watershed Ecology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Concern about the quality of schools has grown to the point that it has become a national goal to improve education in the United States. Science education in particular has been under attack. Improvement requires not only changes in science content, but also in instructional approach. Implicit in this reform is an equally substantive change in professional development practice because too many science teachers are unprepared to meet these challenges. Unfortunately, courses to instruct secondary science teachers both in research techniques and instructional strategies are rare. Chesapeake Watershed Ecology, a professional development course, was created to meet this need. The course was evaluated within the framework of Stake's Countenance Model, using an objectives-based approach liberally embedded with qualitative methods. Research questions and findings focused on congruence between what was intended to occur and what was actually observed to occur before, during, and after instruction. Specifically, this formative study judged the effectiveness of the course at providing secondary science teachers with realistic research skills and strategies for the high school classroom. Research questions focused on 10 program features: teacher background, appropriate curriculum, resource availability, teacher participation, course choreography, classroom interactions, improved performance, teacher attitudes, intent of the teachers to use course activities in their own classrooms, and unexpected outcomes. Because nine of the ten features well exceeded criterion standards, the course was deemed effective and worthy of adoption. The findings of the evaluation led to four major implications beyond the course: (1) The Stake Model was an effective assessment tool that may be useful in other professional development course evaluations. (2) Chesapeake Watershed Ecology was an effective model for conceptual integration of scientific disciplines with pedagogical methods. (3) Developers of professional development courses need to insure against over-concentrated schedules. (4) School policy should address teacher concerns related to perceived administrative barriers to science field trips.

Wood, Barbara Bonsall

1997-12-01

92

Students' Views About Secondary School Science Lessons: The Role of Practical Work  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper reports an interpretive study that sought students' views about the role that practical work plays in their school science lessons. Twenty-nine students aged between 13 and 16 years were selected from three secondary schools in England. Data were collected from initial lesson observations and in-depth interviews in order to explore students' views about practical work. The findings suggest that students have three main reasons why practical work is important in their school science lessons: for interest and activity, including social and personal features such as participation and autonomy; as an alternative to other forms of science teaching involving a pedagogy of transmission, and as a way of learning, including memorizing and recall. The findings are discussed in the context of a critical view of previous work on the role of practical work, work on attitudes to science and on the student voice. The paper concludes that practical work is seen to provide opportunities for students to engage with and influence their own learning but that learning with practical work remains a complex issue that needs further research and evaluation about its use, effectiveness and of the role of scientific inquiry as a component of practical activity.

Toplis, Rob

2012-06-01

93

Spanish Secondary-School Science Teachers' Beliefs About Science-Technology-Society (STS) Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study analyzes the beliefs about science-technology-society, and other Nature of Science (NOS) themes, of a large sample (613) of Spanish pre- and in-service secondary education teachers through their responses to 30 items of the Questionnaire of Opinions on Science, Technology and Society. The data were processed by means of a multiple response model to generate the belief indices used as the bases for subsequent quantitative and qualitative analyses. Other studies have reported a negative profile of teachers' understanding in this area, but the diagnosis emerging from the present work is more complex. There was a mix of appropriate beliefs coexisting with others that are inappropriate on the topics analyzed. The overall assessment, however, is negative since clearly teachers need to have a better understanding of these questions. There were scant differences between the pre- and in-service teachers, and hence no decisive evidence that the practice of teaching contributes to improving the in-service teachers' understanding. These results suggest there is an urgent need to bring the initial and continuing education of science teachers up to date to improve their understanding of these topics of science curricula, and thus improve the teaching of science.

Vázquez-Alonso, Ángel; García-Carmona, Antonio; Manassero-Mas, María Antonia; Bennàssar-Roig, Antoni

2013-05-01

94

Effect of Constructivist-Based Teaching Strategy on Academic Performance of Students in Integrated Science at the Junior Secondary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Integrated science plays vital role in Nigerian science education programme because it prepares pupils at the Junior Secondary School level for the study of core science subjects at the Senior Secondary School level which in turn brings about students' interest in science oriented courses at the tertiary institutions. Despite government's efforts…

Bimbola, Oludipe; Daniel, Oludipe I.

2010-01-01

95

The Attitudes of First Year Senior Secondary School Students toward Their Science Classes in the Sudan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the influence of a set of relevant independent variables on students' decision to major in math or science disciplines, on the one hand, or arts or humanities disciplines, on the other. The independent variables of interest in the study were students' attitudes toward science, their gender, their socioeconomic status, their age, and the strength and direction of parents' and peers' influences on their academic decisions. The study answered five research questions that concerned students' intention in math or science, the association between students' attitudes and their choice to major in math or science, the extent to which parents' and peers' perspectives influence students' choice of major, and the influence of a combination of relevant variables on students' choice of major. The scholarly context for the study was literature relating to students' attitudes toward science and math, their likelihood of taking courses or majoring in science or math and various conditions influencing their attitudes and actions with respect to enrollment in science or math disciplines. This literature suggested that students' experiences, their gender, parents' and peers' influence, their socio-economic status, teachers' treatment of them, school curricula, school culture, and other variables may influence students' attitudes toward science and math and their decision regarding the study of these subjects. The study used a questionnaire comprised of 28 items to elicit information from students. Based upon cluster sampling of secondary schools, the researcher surveyed 1000 students from 10 secondary schools and received 987 responses. The researcher used SPSS to analyze students' responses. Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and multiple regression analyses to provide findings that address the study's research questions. The following are the major findings from the study: (1) The instrument used to measure students' attitudes toward science and mathematics was not highly reliable, perhaps contributing to an attenuation of the relationship between attitude toward science and mathematics and choice of a science or mathematics major (rather than an arts or humanities major). (2) Far more students than the researcher had anticipated provided responses indicating that they planned to major in a science or mathematics discipline rather than an arts or humanities discipline. (3) Students' attitudes towards math and science were more favorable than the researcher anticipated based on findings from previous related studies. This result suggests the possibility of social desirability bias in students' responses. (4) Three significant predicator variables contributed to a significant logistic regression equation in which choice of science or mathematics major was the dependent variable: gender (negative association), attitude toward science and math (positive association), and peer influence 1 (positive association). Gender was the strongest predictor. (5) Five significant predictor variables contributed to a significant multiple linear regression equation in which attitude toward science and mathematics was the dependent variable: peer influence 1 (positive association), parent influence 1 (positive association), parent influence 2 (positive association), books in home (positive association), and peer influence 2 (positive association). The results reveal that among the targeted variables (gender, attitude, peer influence 1, peer influence 2, parent influence 1, parent influence 2, books in home, and age) only gender, peer influence 1, and attitude were significant predictors of students' major in math or science.

Lado, Longun Moses

96

Challenges and opportunities: using a science-based video game in secondary school settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simulations and games are not new artifacts to the study of science in secondary school settings (Hug, Kriajcik and Marx 2005), however teachers remain skeptical as to their value, use and appropriateness (Rice 2006). The difficulty is not only the design and development of effective play environments that produce measurable changes in knowledge and/or understanding, but also in their on-the-ground use (Jaipal and Figg 2010). This paper reports on the use of a science-focused video game in five very different secondary school settings in Ontario, Canada. A mixed-methods approach was used in the study, and included data gathered on general gameplay habits and technology use, as well as informal interviews with teachers and students who played the game. In total, 161 participants played a series of games focused on the "life of a plant", and were given both a pre and post quiz to determine if the game helped them retain and/or change what they knew about scientific processes like plant cell anatomy and photosynthesis. Participants showed statistically significant improvement on quizzes that were taken after playing the game for approximately one-hour sessions, despite difficulties in some cases both accessing and playing the game for the full hour. Our findings also reveal the ongoing challenges in making use of technology in a variety of school sessions, even when using a browser-based game, that demanded very little other than a reliable internet connection.

Muehrer, Rachel; Jenson, Jennifer; Friedberg, Jeremy; Husain, Nicole

2012-12-01

97

In Search of Meaningful Integration: The Experiences of Developing Integrated Science Curricula in Junior Secondary Schools in China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is about the process of developing integrated science curricula at junior secondary schools in the Peoples' Republic of China in the past 20 years. The history has witnessed two stages of developing integrated science curricula during this period in China: one was at the provincial level in the 1980s/1990s, while the other was at the…

Wei, Bing

2009-01-01

98

In Search of Meaningful Integration: The experiences of developing integrated science curricula in junior secondary schools in China  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is about the process of developing integrated science curricula at junior secondary schools in the Peoples’ Republic of China in the past 20 years. The history has witnessed two stages of developing integrated science curricula during this period in China: one was at the provincial level in the 1980s\\/1990s, while the other was at the national level in

Bing Wei

2009-01-01

99

Teaching Geologic/Earth Science Remote Sensing at the Collegiate and the Secondary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes util satellite photography, satellite remote sensing, and high altitude aircraft photography for teaching environmental and ecological aspects of earth science at the secondary or college levels. (SL)

Fisher, John J.

1977-01-01

100

Improving math and science education in charter secondary schools through the use of technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was conducted to examine the promising practices of using technology in teaching math and science in charter schools in California. The study was conducted under the auspices of the Center for Educational Governance (CEG) which hopes to compile the promising practices into an Internet-based compendium to be replicated by others. The research employed an in-depth qualitative case study method. It was conducted in two secondary schools in different school districts in the state of California over a two-month period. The main participants were principals, lead teachers, teachers, and support staff. Interviews, observations, and archival documents were the main data collection tools. Face to face interviews were conducted with the principals, lead teachers of technology, teachers, and a support staff (Network Administrator). Technology lab and professional development activities were observed. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed. The study found that one school (MSA) has the promising practice of using technology to enhance the subject matter knowledge of students by using computers to further explore concepts already learned in the regular classroom. The other school (CART) has the promising practice of applying technology to real life situations as a teaching pedagogy. The result of these practices is the positive outcomes in the following areas: Increased student achievement in standardized teat scores, increased motivation, growth in mean GPA, less behavior problems from students, and improved school attendance by students. The implications for policy and practice include: Teachers having the knowledge of the benefits of constructive teaching in the classroom; principals understanding that professional development activities for technology integration will vary in complexities and depends on needs of teachers; policy makers identifying needs and establishing goals; and researchers conducting more qualitative studies to gather evidence to demonstrate the progression of learning in the technology classroom.

Ojose, Bobby

101

Using an Inquiry Approach to Teach Science to Secondary School Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders in science education have actively promoted inquiry science since the 1960s and continue to do so today. The US National Science Education Standards recommend that science instruction and learning should be well grounded in inquiry. In spite of these efforts, however, little has changed in the way science is taught. Teacher-talk and…

McBride, John W.; Bhatti, Muhammad I.; Hannan, Mohammad A.; Feinberg, Martin

2004-01-01

102

Using an inquiry approach to teach science to secondary school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leaders in science education have actively promoted inquiry science since the 1960s and continue to do so today. The US National Science Education Standards recommend that science instruction and learning should be well grounded in inquiry. In spite of these efforts, however, little has changed in the way science is taught. Teacher-talk and textbooks are still the primary providers of

John W. McBride; Muhammad I. Bhatti; Mohammad A. Hannan; Martin Feinberg

2004-01-01

103

Images of Science Linked to Labwork: A Survey of Secondary School and University Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents findings of the images of science drawn upon in laboratory work by upper secondary and university students in academic streams with a science focus. Questions required students to comment on laboratory investigations carried out by research scientists or science students. Shows that students' reasoning has an epistemological and an…

Sere, Marie-Genevieve; Fernandez-Gonzalez, Manuel; Gallegos, Jose A.; Gonzalez-Garcia, Francisco; De Manuel, Esteban; Perales, F. Javier; Leach, John

2001-01-01

104

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience,…

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-01-01

105

Safety in the Secondary Science Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet is made available by the National Science Teachers Association to provide district safety officers, school principals, science department heads, and secondary school science teachers with information on safety in schools, especially in science classrooms. The range of information includes Occupational Safety and Health Administration,…

Dean, Robert A.; And Others

106

Assessing In-service Secondary School Science Teachers knowledge base about global climate change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global climate change (GCC) is a crucial environmental issue that is challenging all Americans. With an effective collaboration between researchers, scientists and teachers, conceptual frameworks and methods can be developed for creating climate change content for classroom implementation. In this paper, we describe how teachers' conceptualize and understand global climate change. The information generated by this study can further be used to develop theme based, structured curricula to enhance teachers' understanding of the phenomenon of global climate change. Recent national documents concerning science education have focused on an Earth System approach and concentrate on the fundamental concepts and big ideas in earth science and climate change (e.g., The Earth Science Literacy Initiative (ESLI) (National Science Foundation (NSF), 2009) and Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), 2009)). Unfortunately, research related to teachers' earth science content knowledge has not focused on an earth systems approach rather researchers have examined teachers' misconceptions about isolated earth science concepts, such as moon phases and plate tectonics. While such research implies teachers' lack of knowledge and awareness of earth as a system, it does not provide direct information about teachers' earth system knowledge. Similarly, research on teachers' and students' knowledge of climate change has focused on isolated topics, such as the greenhouse effect and global warming. Our study focused on eliciting secondary school science teachers' understanding of global climate change using a multifaceted and integrated approach. We do so in the context of a 3-year teacher professional development program where the climate science content provided to the teachers was aligned with essential principles of climate science (EPCS-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), 2009). Our study was guided by the following research questions 1) What is the nature of teachers' climate literacy? 2)What is the structure of teachers' knowledge of climate change?3)What is the level of teachers' understanding of principles essential to understand Earth's climate system? This study employed a phenomenographical approach to analyze data for a qualitative measurement of different ways in which the teachers experienced and conceptualized climate change. We collected and analyzed data from the teachers' concept maps, supplemented it with the data from the Photo Elicitation Interviews and then aligned the outcomes with the seven essential principals of climate literacy (EPCS) to estimate the distribution of teacher knowledge. Our findings indicate that where teachers understand a diverse array of topics related to the science of global climate change, they need specific tools like place-based data simulations to correlate various local and global aspects of the phenomenon. Our findings also indicate teachers' perceptions about timescale, data projections using modeling and the level of uncertainty in the data. Our results will provide crucial information about providing conceptual knowledge and addressing misconceptions regarding the science of climate change and the educational approach towards teaching it in the best possible way.

Bhattacharya, D.; Roehrig, G. H.; Karahan, E.; Liu, S.

2012-12-01

107

Science and Technology Curriculum for Non-Science Students in the Secondary School (Technology for Social Action Curriculum - TSAC).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reported is a study focused on the construction and development of a model for guiding science curricula developers in designing the needed second generation programs for non-science secondary students in the seventies. The Technology (and Science) for Social Action Curriculum (TSAC) is presented as illustrative of the problems involved in…

Zoller, Uri

108

Science Cognitive and Activity Preferences and Their Relationship to Present Practices in Science Instruction in Secondary Schools in Penang, Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Described are science cognitive and activity preferences of a sample of secondary students in Georgetown, Malaysia whose perceptions of instructional practices in science were considered. Three instruments were used to collect data. The analysis considers the mean scores and F-test results for a Science Cognitive Preference Inventory, an Activity…

Dekkers, John; Allen, Leslie R.

109

Science choices and preferences of middle and secondary school students in Utah  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research sought to answer two questions: (1) What are Utah junior and senior high school students' preferences and choices regarding science subjects? (2) Could preferences and choices be related to the type of school, age or gender? Two thousand students from grades six through twelve participated in this study. Findings show that zoology and human anatomy and physiology were most preferred. Ecology was least prefered. Topics in the physical sciences were also low. There was a trend among girls to prefer natural sciences such as botany while boys tended to prefer the physical sciences. Generally, students' choices were limited to those subjects presently taught in the formal school curriculum. They appeared unaware of the many science related subjects outside the texts or the approved course of study.

Baird, J. Hugh; Lazarowitz, Reuven; Allman, Verl

110

An Analysis of Cognitive Style Profiles and Related Science Achievement Among Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to identify cognitive styles for successful and unsuccessful science students at the secondary level. Additional purposes were to identify common and unique elements in these composite cognitive styles and to substantiate the description of the groups of successful and unsuccessful science students according to the…

Ogden, William R.; Brewster, Patricia M.

111

South Korean and the US Secondary School Science Teachers' Conceptions of Creativity and Teaching for Creativity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined science teachers' conceptions of creativity in science education, pedagogical ideas, and contextual factors perceived as constraints on teaching for creativity and any differences in the conceptions of teachers from South Korea and the United States. Participants in the study consisted of 44 South Korean and 21 US secondary

Hong, Miyoung; Kang, Nam-Hwa

2010-01-01

112

Literacy learning in secondary school science classrooms: A cross-case analysis of three qualitative studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this cross-case analysis is to illustrate how and why literacy was incorporated into science teaching and learning in three secondary classrooms. Research questions guiding the analysis include: (a) How were literacy events shaped by the teachers' philosophies about teaching science content and teaching students? and (b) How was literacy (reading, writing, and oral language) structured by the

Deborah R. Dillon; David G. O'Brien; Elizabeth B. Moje; Roger A. Stewart

1994-01-01

113

A Technique for Evaluating the Relationships between Science-Related Attitudes in Secondary-School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study concurrently identified significant relationships between the attitudes of high school students toward nuclear energy, environmental issues, energy concepts, science concepts, space exploration, and metrication topical areas. Surveys indicated there were significant concurrent attitudinal relationships between specific science-related…

Dulski, Richard E.; Raven, Ronald J.

1994-01-01

114

The Research Dynamic: A Professional Development Model for Secondary School Science Teachers  

PubMed Central

This essay summarizes the author's 10 years of experience at the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation mentoring secondary school science teachers during 8-wk Summer Research Institutes. The summary is presented as a learning model, which we call the research dynamic. This model consists of three interlocked components: specified ignorance, peer interactions, and gateway experiments. Specified ignorance is based on the work of the sociologist Robert K. Merton. It is essentially the art of highlighting what is not known about a phenomenon but must become known for further progress. In practice, specified ignorance is framed as a hypothesis, a prediction, or a question. It is commonly the outcome of peer interactions, which are the second essential component of the research dynamic. Peer interactions are the inevitable outcome of having teachers work together in the same laboratory on related research topics. These topics are introduced as gateway experiments, the third component. The most important attribute of gateway experiments is their authenticity. These experiments, when first carried out, opened new scientific vistas. They are also technically, conceptually, and logically simple. We illustrate the research dynamic with a line of seminal experiments in biochemical genetics. We provide evidence that the research dynamic produced significantly positive effects on teachers' confidence in their professional preparedness.

2009-01-01

115

Motivating the Learning of Science Topics in Secondary School: A Constructivist Edutainment Setting for Studying Chaos  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we present an Edutainment (education plus entertainment) secondary school setting based on the construction of artifacts and manipulation of virtual contents (images, sound, and music) connected to Chaos. This interactive learning environment also foresees the use of a virtual theatre, by which students can manipulate 3D contents…

Bertacchini, Francesca; Bilotta, Eleonora; Pantano, Pietro; Tavernise, Assunta

2012-01-01

116

Science on the Web: Secondary School Students' Navigation Patterns and Preferred Pages' Characteristics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study aims to explore navigation patterns and preferred pages' characteristics of ten secondary school students searching the web for information about cloning. The students navigated the Web for as long as they wished in a context of minimum support of teaching staff. Their navigation patterns were analyzed using audit trail data software.…

Dimopoulos, Kostas; Asimakopoulos, Apostolos

2010-01-01

117

Re-Presenting the Social Construction of Science in Light of the Propositions of Bruno Latour: For a Renewal of the School Conception of Science in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Current opinion holds that school science has not been producing the expected outcomes. Highlighted by a considerable body of research, one of the concerns is that young people still mobilize a naive conception of science. Consequently, we must pursue the reflection process concerning ways of renewing the school conception of science so as to…

Richard, Vincent; Bader, Barbara

2010-01-01

118

Science Accommodation in Secondary Schools: A Design Guide. Building Bulletin 80 (Revised 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document offers guidance in the accommodation needs for teaching the sciences in secondary education, either through new construction or the adaptation of existing buildings. Section 1 outlines the range of spaces usually required and examines planning options in new and adapted departments. Section 2 describes the planning of an individual…

Holt, Diane; Watson, Lucy; Wadsworth, Alison

119

Analysis of the Junior Secondary School One (J.S.S. 1) Science Textbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates whether the junior high school textbook 1 meets the requirements of a standards textbook that identifies with 12 criteria set by the Science Teachers Association of Nigeria (STAN). Includes the criteria of coverage of topics in the syllabus, currency suitability of language, and coherency. (Contains 18 references.) (Author/YDS)

Otuka, J. O. E.; Nkrumah, Clifford N.

2001-01-01

120

Computer Science Education in Secondary Schools--The Introduction of a New Compulsory Subject  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2004 the German state of Bavaria introduced a new compulsory subject of computer science (CS) in its grammar schools ("Gymnasium"). The subject is based on a comprehensive teaching concept that was developed by the author and his colleagues during the years 1995-2000. It comprises mandatory courses in grades 6/7 for all students of grammar…

Hubwieser, Peter

2012-01-01

121

Important but not for me: students’ attitudes towards secondary school science in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents some of the results of the questionnaire?based Relevance of Science Education Project (ROSE) carried out in England in the latter half of 2003 as part of a wider international comparative study based at the University of Oslo. Data, drawn from 1277 students, most of whom were 14 or 15 years old, indicate their views about their school

Edgar W. Jenkins; N. W. Nelson

2005-01-01

122

Important but not for me: students' attitudes towards secondary school science in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article presents some of the results of the questionnaire-based Relevance of Science Education Project (ROSE) carried out in England in the latter half of 2003 as part of a wider international comparative study based at the University of Oslo. Data, drawn from 1277 students, most of whom were 14 or 15 years old, indicate their views about their school

Edgar W. Jenkins; N. W. Nelson

2005-01-01

123

Science on the Web: Secondary School Students’ Navigation Patterns and Preferred Pages’ Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore navigation patterns and preferred pages’ characteristics of ten secondary school students’ searching\\u000a the web for information about cloning. The students navigated the Web for as long as they wished in a context of minimum support\\u000a of teaching staff. Their navigation patterns were analyzed using audit trail data software. The characteristics of their preferred\\u000a Web pages

Kostas Dimopoulos; Apostolos Asimakopoulos

2010-01-01

124

Science textbooks for lower secondary schools in Brunei: issues of gender equity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper is concerned with issues affecting equity in science education for girls and boys. In the paper the results of an investigation into the recently published (1998-2000) series of textbooks entitled Lower Secondary Science for Brunei Darussalam are presented. In the first part of the paper, background issues of continuing gender inequality in science education and of the nature and scope of textbook analyses are outlined. Then the representation of males and females in both illustrations and text in the Bruneian textbooks is discussed. From this analysis a picture emerges of the extent to which science is portrayed as a pursuit of equal appropriateness for both boys and girls. The paper concludes with a consideration of the implications of the findings presented within the wider context of gender and education in Brunei.

Elgar, Ann G.

2004-07-01

125

Science Teachers' and Senior Secondary Schools Students' Perceptions of Earth and Environmental Science Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an evaluation of a new upper secondary Earth and Environmental Science (EES) course in Western Australia. Twenty-seven EES teachers were interviewed and 243 students were surveyed about the degree of difficulty, relevance and interest of EES topics in the course. The impact of the course on students' views about EES…

Dawson, Vaille; Carson, Katherine

2013-01-01

126

Science fair: Is it worth the work? A qualitative study on deaf students' perceptions and experiences regarding science fair in primary and secondary school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science fairs have a long history in American education. They play an important role for establishing inquiry-based experiences in a science classroom. Students may be more motivated to learn science content when they are allowed to choose their own science fair topics. The purpose of this study was to examine Deaf college students' perceptions and experiences regarding science fair participation during primary and/or secondary school and determine the influence of science fair involvement on the development of language skills, writing skills, and higher order thinking skills as well as its impact on choice of a STEM major. This study examined responses from Deaf students attending Gallaudet University and National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) majoring in a Science, Technology, Engineering, or Math (STEM) field. An electronic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview were used to collect data. The electronic questionnaire was divided into two strands: demographics and science fair experience. Twenty-one respondents participated in the questionnaire and ten participants were interviewed. A cross-case analysis revealed communication was the key to a successful science fair experience. Findings showed the educational background of participants influenced their perspective regarding the experience of a science fair. When communicating through American Sign Language, the science fair experience was more positive. When communicating through an interpreter or having no interpreter at all, the science fair experience was viewed in a negative light. The use of science fairs to enhance language development, writing skills, and higher order thinking skills was supported. Teachers and parents were strong influences for Deaf students participating in a science fair. Participation in a science fair did influence students to choose a STEM major but there were other considerations as well.

Smith, Vivian Lee

127

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 4, Harnessing Energy.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable to other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of Themes is described in SE 015 440…

Howard, Edgar

128

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 6, Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable for other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of materials is described in SE 015…

Richardson, W.; Tollyfield, J. K.

129

Primary-Secondary Transfer: A Science Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a recurring debate many people have probably been engaged in: why do pupils appear to under-perform in the lower years of secondary school? In the latest in their "Perspectives on education" series, "Primary-secondary transfer in science" (Wellcome Trust, 2009), the Wellcome Trust addresses this problematic area with respect to UK science

Watkins, Richard

2010-01-01

130

Needs assessment of science teachers in secondary schools in Kumasi, Ghana: A basis for in-service education training programs at the Science Resource Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it identified the priority needs common to all science teachers in secondary schools in Kumasi, Ghana. Second, it investigated the relationship existing between the identified priority needs and the teacher demographic variables (type of school, teacher qualification, teaching experience, subject discipline, and sex of teacher) to be used as a basis for implementing in-service education training programs at the Science Resource Centers in Kumasi Ghana. An adapted version of the Moore Assessment Profile (MAP) survey instrument and a set of open-ended questions were used to collect data from the science teachers. The researcher handed out one hundred and fifty questionnaire packets, and all one hundred and fifty (100%) were collected within a period of six weeks. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, content analysis, and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics reported the frequency of responses, and it was used to calculate the Need Index (N) of the identified needs of teachers. Sixteen top-priority needs were identified, and the needs were arranged in a hierarchical order according to the magnitude of the Need Index (0.000 ? N ? 1.000). Content analysis was used to analyze the responses to the open-ended questions. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses of the study on each of the sixteen identified top-priority needs and the teacher demographic variables. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) The science teachers identified needs related to "more effective use of instructional materials" as a crucial area for in-service training. (2) Host and Satellite schools exhibited significant difference on procuring supplementary science books for students. Subject discipline of teachers exhibited significant differences on utilizing the library and its facilities by students, obtaining information on where to get help on effective science teaching, procuring supplementary science books for students, and developing greater understanding of child psychology. Teaching experience exhibited significant difference on developing a greater understanding of learning psychology. (3) The majority of the science teachers (55%) have not participated in any form of an in-service training program. (4) The majority of the science teachers (about 65%) are satisfied with their job as science teachers. (5) The majority of the science teachers (60%) are not satisfied with the use of Science Resource Center for teaching. A major implication of the study is that science teachers using the Science Resource Centers for teaching should be paid teaching allowances. It is also recommended that the Ghana Education Service (GES) should create a center for distribution and repairs of laboratory equipment of the Science Resource Centers. Five studies are suggested for future research.

Gyamfi, Alexander

131

The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

2013-12-01

132

Water Science School  

MedlinePLUS

The USGS Water Science School The USGS Water Science School Welcome to the U.S. Geological Survey's ( USGS ) Water Science School. We offer information on many aspects of water, along with pictures, ...

133

Essential Laboratory Activities Guide. Secondary Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This teacher's guide was developed for use in junior and senior high schools in Duval County, Jacksonville, Florida, for the purpose of identifying those secondary science laboratory experiences which are essential to the development of science content knowledge and competency in handling science laboratory equipment and consumables. The guide…

Duval County Schools, Jacksonville, FL.

134

Assessing the psychosocial environment of science classes in Catholic secondary schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much Catholic school and church rhetoric suggests that Catholic schools possess distinctive learning environments. Research into this aspect of Catholic schooling has been hampered by the lack of an appropriate assessment instrument. By drawing on contemporary church literature, the perceptions of personnel involved in Catholic education and existing classroom environment questionnaires, a new instrument was developed to assess student perceptions of classroom psychosocial environment in Catholic schools. The use of this instrument in 64 classrooms in Catholic and Government schools indicated significant differences on some scales. The distinctive nature of Catholic schooling did not extend to all classroom environment dimensions deemed important to Catholic education.

Dorman, Jeffrey P.; McRobbie, Campbell J.; Fraser, Barry J.

1993-12-01

135

Teaching about the Epistemology of Science in Upper Secondary Schools: An Analysis of Teachers' Classroom Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We begin by drawing upon the available literature to identify four characteristics of teacher talk likely to support student learning about the epistemology of science: making appropriate statements about the epistemology of science in the classroom, linking the epistemology of science with specific science concepts, stating and justifying…

Ryder, Jim; Leach, John

2008-01-01

136

Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary

Howard, A. E.

2008-01-01

137

Key Competencies, Science Education: Secondary Schools (Junior High, J-G Sci) (Senior High, S-Bio).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a list of behavioral objectives which can be used to evaluate mastery of the competency of students in junior high school science and senior high school biology. These competencies were prepared by the School District of Philadelphia. The lists are comprehensive and coded for easy reference. (CS)

Kelner, Bernard G.; Hofkin, Fred M.

138

How Can the Teaching of Woodwork and Science at Secondary School Level Be Integrated?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was made of how to integrate science instruction (specifically, science for Zimbabwe syllabus number 50006) and woodworking. In order to formulate its recommendations, the study sought to analyze course syllabi; collect data on teachers' years of teaching within and without their areas of specialization (woodworking and science); analyze…

Assani, Sydney P.

139

Secondary School Science Predictors of Academic Performance in University Bioscience Subjects  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2009 the Faculty of Health Sciences at La Trobe University in Melbourne, Australia is introducing a common first year for 11 different undergraduate courses in the faculty. Current prerequisite science entry requirements vary with course and range from none to at least two science or mathematics subjects and from [approximately]50 to 99 in…

Green, Rod; Brown, Elizabeth; Ward, Alex

2009-01-01

140

Innovative Methods in Science Education in Japan--Strategic Methods on Smooth Transition from Upper Secondary School to the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief introduction of the science education in Japan with an overview of the educational contents and standards laid by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). It highlights the results of the International Education Association (IEA) on science education in Japan at upper secondary

Shinohara, Fumihiko

2006-01-01

141

Teacher representations of the successful use of computer-based tools and resources in secondary-school English, mathematics and science  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated professional thinking about pedagogical aspects of technology use in mainstream classroom practice. It focuses on the systems of ideas which frame teacher accounts of the successful use of computer-based tools and resources in the core subjects of English, Mathematics and Science at secondary-school level. These accounts were elicited through group interviews with the relevant subject departments in

Kenneth Ruthven; Sara Hennessy; Sue Brindley

2004-01-01

142

Maximizing the Usage of Technology-Enhanced Teaching and Learning of Science and Mathematics in English Program in the Malaysian Secondary Schools System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is attempting to examine the effectiveness in the application of ICT (information and communication technology) and standardize courseware in ETeMS (English for Teaching Mathematics and Science) or PPSMI (Pengajaran and Pembelajaran Sains and Matematic dalam Bahasa Inggeris) in English program in the Malaysian secondary school

Luck, Lee Tan; Peng, Chew Fong

2010-01-01

143

Knowing the Subject Matter of a Secondary-School Science Subject  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the fundamental yet largely neglected distinction between school subjects and academic disciplines in the discourse on teachers' specialized subject-matter knowledge. It analyses and critiques the curricular positions embedded in that discourse in the light of five possible relationships between school subjects and academic…

Deng, Zongyi

2007-01-01

144

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to which each of these four selected variables individually and jointly affected the teachers' report of their instructional assessment practices. A sample of 55 science teachers from nine secondary schools in Barbados was randomly selected to participate in this study. Data was collected by means of a survey and was analyzed using the means and standard deviations of the instructional assessment practices scores and linear, multiple and binary logistic regression. The results of the study were such that the majority of the sample reported good overall instructional assessment practices while only a few participants reported moderate assessment practices. The instructional assessment practices in the area of student knowledge were mostly moderate as indicated by the sample. There were no statistically significant differences between or among the mean scores of the teachers' reported instructional assessment practices based on sex ( t = 0.10; df = 53; p = 0.992), teaching experience ( F[4,50] = 1.766; p = 0.150), the level of professional qualification (F[3,45] = 0.2117; p = 0.111) or the level of academic qualification (F[2,52] = 0.504; p = 0.607). The independent variables (teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification or teacher academic qualification) were not significant predictors of the instructional assessment practices scores. However, teacher sex was a significant predictor of the teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices. The study also found that the joint effect of the variables teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification and teacher academic qualification was not significant in predicting the instructional assessment practices scores of the science teachers. However, the joint effect of these variables was statistically significant ( X 2 = 18.482; df = 10; p = 0.047) in predicting the teachers' reported use of good instructional assessment practices. The best predictor of teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices, though not statistically significant, was the diploma in education professional qualification.

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-02-01

145

Evaluation of the Use of Remote Laboratories for Secondary School Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory experimentation is generally considered central to science-based education. Allowing students to "experience" science through various forms of carefully designed practical work, including experimentation, is often claimed to support their learning and motivate their engagement while fulfilling specific curriculum requirements. However,…

Lowe, David; Newcombe, Peter; Stumpers, Ben

2013-01-01

146

The Attitudes of First Year Senior Secondary School Students toward Their Science Classes in the Sudan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of a set of relevant independent variables on students' decision to major in math or science disciplines, on the one hand, or arts or humanities disciplines, on the other. The independent variables of interest in the study were students' attitudes toward science, their gender, their socioeconomic status, their…

Lado, Longun Moses

2011-01-01

147

Relation between Classroom Climate and Achievement in Physical Science of Secondary School Pupils  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study estimates the extent of relationship between "Achievement in Physical Science" and "Classroom Climate" for the total sample and Sub sample based on gender. The tools used for collecting the data are scale of classroom climate and achievement test in physical science. The study reveals that boys show indifferent or negligible but…

R., Smitha; Sajan, K. S.

2010-01-01

148

A Comparative Study of Problem-Based and Lecture-Based Learning in Junior Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study is to compare problem based learning (PBL) and lecture-based learning (LBL) in Hong Kong secondary students' science achievement. Secondary One students were divided into two groups: group A (n = 37), was taught two topics: "Human Reproduction" and "Density" through PBL; group B (n = 38) was taught the same topics by LBL.…

Wong, Kenson Kin Hang; Day, Jeffrey Richard

2009-01-01

149

Philosophic stance of secondary school science teachers, curriculum experiences, and children's understanding of science: Some preliminary findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to establish whether teachers' views about the nature of science and scientific inquiry are reflected in their choice and design of learning experiences and, therefore, are significant influences on children's understanding of science. Even those teachers who hold clear and coherent views about science do not plan laboratory-based activities consistently in relation to those views, concentrating instead

Derek Hodson

1993-01-01

150

A Survey of Science Teaching in Public Schools of the United States (1971), Volume 1, Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to collect "bench mark" data on the teaching of science that could serve as a basis of comparison for trend analysis. The information obtained in this survey presents a description of science teaching practices and selected science teacher characteristics in the United States. Descriptive information obtained in the…

Schlessinger, Fred R.; And Others

151

Status of Science Education in Italy: A Proposal for Better Physics Education in the Lower Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that science teaching be based upon experimental work of the students, but most Italian schools are not equipped for this. This implies the development of inexpensive kits and syllabuses which can realistically be used in the schools. Provides one example of a suitable kit for individual experiments on electricity and magnetism. (GS)

De Paz, M.; And Others

1975-01-01

152

Using the Learning Sciences and Knowledge about How People Learn to Support Reluctant and Disengaged Secondary School Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As secondary educators seek strategies to support reluctant and disengaged learners, a greater understanding of the learning sciences (how people learn) becomes more important. This article examines the emerging knowledge base on the learning sciences and investigates how what has been discoveries about how and why people learn have practical…

Turner, Steven L.

2008-01-01

153

Teaching and learning about energy in New Zealand secondary school junior science classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Describes three case studies of the use of the Learning in Science Project (Energy) in New Zealand. Themes discussed include systems undergoing change, defining initial and final conditions, energy as a nonmaterial factor of change, forms of energy and conservation of energy. Mentions other issues and research.

Carr, Malcolm; Kirkwood, Valda

2005-11-03

154

The Value and Difficulties of Teaching the History of Science and Technology in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning does not happen in the minds of passive listeners who record into notebooks the anecdotes and chronological information about the history of science presented during a lecture. Lectures address lower levels of cognitive skills and are, therefore, unable to stimulate the higher level skills of application, analysis, and synthesis. At…

Steffens, Henry

155

34 CFR 300.36 - Secondary school.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...school. Secondary school means a nonprofit institutional day or residential school, including a public secondary charter school that provides secondary education, as determined under State law, except that it does not include any...

2013-07-01

156

Secondary School Students' Epistemic Insight into the Relationships Between Science and Religion—A Preliminary Enquiry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of previous studies have shown that there is a widespread view among young people that science and religion are opposed. In this paper, we suggest that it requires a significant level of what can be termed "epistemic insight" to access the idea that some people see science and religion as compatible while others do not. To explore this further, we draw on previous work to devise a methodology to discover students' thinking about apparent contradictions between scientific and religious explanations of the origins of the universe. In our discussion of the findings, we highlight that students' epistemic insight in this context does seem in many cases to be limited and we outline some of the issues emerging from the study that seem to boost or limit students' progress in this area.

Billingsley, Berry; Taber, Keith; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

2013-08-01

157

E-Learning for Secondary School Teachers: Inclusive Science and Math Instruction for Students with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is conducting a research and development project to enhance the capacities\\u000a of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) teachers to educate students with disabilities. The project has\\u000a conducted online surveys, focus groups and longitudinal studies to discover the training and knowledge needs of teachers.\\u000a The ongoing research has identified significant gaps in teacher

Robert L. Todd

2008-01-01

158

Challenges to Reform: Botswana Junior Secondary School Science Teachers' Perceptions of the Development Functions of Science Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

When surveyed concerning their views on science education's development functions, Botswana junior-level science teachers reported mediocre performance for socioeconomic developmental functions over the past decade. The system seems to work well at combatting the HIV/AIDS virus, preparing students for further study, and instilling some…

Vlaardingbroek, Barend

1998-01-01

159

Behavioral Sciences in Secondary Schools: An Inquiry-Oriented Interdisciplinary Approach to the Human Behavioral Sciences in Social Studies. Professional Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in secondary-level behavioral science curriculum development, informational background, and strategies for teaching behavioral science concepts are provided in this book. Chapters one through three define the behavioral sciences and examine their changing role and status in social studies education. Chapters four through six develop…

Anderson, Randall C.

160

Science Education and the Material Culture of the Nineteenth-Century Classroom: Physics and Chemistry in Spanish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a large number of Spanish secondary schools have preserved an important scientific heritage, including large scientific instrument collections, this heritage has never been officially protected. Their current state is very diverse, and although several research projects have attempted to initiate their recovery and use, their lack of…

Simon, Josep; Cuenca-Lorente, Mar

2012-01-01

161

Positive Attendance for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE FOLLOWING IS THE FULL TEXT OF THIS DOCUMENT: Positive Attendance for Secondary Schools (PASS) is established to discourage pupils from absenting themselves from high school classes and/or frequently reporting late to class in violation of state law and school policies. This program shall be for pupils who exceed six truancies and/or unexcused…

Bristow, Richard O.

162

"Comets, Origins, and Life:” Promoting Interdisciplinary Science in Secondary and Middle Schools in the Washington, DC and Saint Louis, MO Metro Areas  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing a full-year program to support secondary and middle school science education is a key part of the "broader impact” component of NSF Grant AST- 0807939 (PI/Co-PI Bonev/Gibb). This program is realized at two stages: (1) a professional development course for teachers is offered during the summer; (2) during the subsequent academic year we collaborate with educators in lessons planning or curriculum development as demanded in their particular schools. We successfully offered the course “ Comets, Origins, and Life: Interdisciplinary Science in the Secondary Classroom ” (45 contact hours; 3 credits) in the summers of 2009 and 2010 at the Catholic University of America. This class demonstrates how a complex hypothesis - for the delivery of water and prebiotic organic matter to early Earth - is being tested by integrating astronomy, physics, chemistry, biology, and Earth and planetary science. Collaborations with participants from the 2009 class include curriculum development within the Earth Science program in Prince Georges county, MD and strengthening science in Washington DC public schools. Our next step is to offer our class in the Saint Louis, MO area. The main challenge in our work with educators is not to present them with "interesting information", but to fit what we offer within the very particular curriculum expectations of their school districts. These curriculum expectations often vary from district to district and sometimes from year to year. We gratefully acknowledge the support by the NSF, allowing to fully integrate our research area into education. We also gratefully acknowledge our collaborations with the Goddard Center for Astrobiology and the Howard B. Owens Science Center (both in MD) in developing our class curriculum. Educators interested in this program can contact Boncho Bonev (bonev@cua.edu; for the Washington DC and Baltimore, MD areas) and Erika Gibb (gibbe@umsl.edu; for the Saint Louis, MO area).

Bonev, Boncho; Gibb, E. L.; Brewer, G.; Novak, R.; Mandell, A. M.; Seaton, P.; Price, J.; Long, T.; Bahar, S.; Edwards, S. S.

2010-10-01

163

Investigating Interaction between Science and Design & Technology (D&T) in the Secondary School--A Case Study Approach  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Interaction between science and design and technology (D&T) in schools is seen by many educationalists and industrialists as being desirable. During the period 1970 to 1990 progress was made in the UK, however the advent of the national curriculum compartmentalised subjects thus hindering further progress. Bodies in the UK such as the Office for…

Lewis, Tim; Barlex, David; Chapman, Colin

2007-01-01

164

A Multilevel Modelling Approach to Investigating Factors Impacting Science Achievement for Secondary School Students: PISA Hong Kong Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study utilized data from the 2006 Programme for International Student Assessment Hong Kong sample to investigate the factors that impact the science achievement of 15-year-old students. A multilevel model was used to examine the factors from both student and school perspectives. At the student level, the results indicated that male students,…

Sun, Letao; Bradley, Kelly D.; Akers, Kathryn

2012-01-01

165

A new protocol in La Spezia for elementary and secondary school students for monitoring Perception towards Science and Performance in Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technological and scientific research in La Spezia (an Italian town with a population of 95.378) is, unfortunately, unknown to most people and often the existence of excellent research Centres (such as CNR-ISMAR, CNR-IENI, ENEA-UTMAR, INGV, CMRE, CSSN and University) is barely known, even just outside the La Spezia area. The current economic crisis has played a major role in determining the decline in maritime business (affecting all companies in the area and particularly SMEs). Therefore it is important to re-establish the relationship with the traditional maritime culture of the city. This objective can be achieved by enhancing research visibility (national and european) by dissemination of the activities carried out by research institutions, university and local enterprises. La Spezia has a long maritime tradition and it is vital for these customs to be kept alive and cultivated within the community. The cultural scene is positive: in fact, in the last decade the general public's perception on the importance of science in the context of human activities has been considerably strengthened. In La Spezia, especially since 2007, an increasing number of disseminating activities (carried out by CNR-ISMAR, CNR-IENI, ENEA-UTMAR, INGV, CMRE, CSSN, LABTER - the La Spezia association for environmental education- ASSOCIAZIONE FESTIVAL DELLA SCIENZA - the association that organizes the Genoa Science Festival- Genoa University and ISA 2 - "2 GIUGNO" - a local primary and secondary public school that has started a pilot project for marine biology), has revealed an educational and cultural path which now requires a monitoring protocol to be carried out for at least two years. In this paper we will present a new test that will be administered to the entire student population (aged 6 to 18 years) with the aim to fully understand the effectiveness of initiatives for popularizing science and the impact that they are having on new generations (professional choices, scientific careers, environmental awareness, etc..).

Stroobant, Mascha; Mori, Anna; Merlino, Silvia; Bianucci, Marco; Delfanti, Roberta; Furia, Stefania; Carmisciano, Cosmo; Locritani, Marina; Muccini, Filippo; La Tassa, Hebert; Talamoni, Roberta; Nacini, Francesca; Benedetti, Alessandro; Nardi, Elisabetta; Parodi, Alice; Giacomazzi, Fabio; Mioni, Erika; Festival della Scienza, Associazione

2014-05-01

166

Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

Thomas, Paul F.

167

Secondary Education in Computational Science Project, The (SPECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Secondary Education in Computational Science (SPECS) project is a collaborative effort between Twin Cities local school districts and the Institute of Technology's Laboratory for Computational Science and Engineering (LCSE) at the University of Minnesota. It is designed to develop instructional materials intended to expose high school students to computational science.

168

Sources of Information about Promising and Exemplary Programs and Materials for Secondary School Science. ERIC/SMEAC Science Education Digest No. 2, 1989.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many school staff and their client communities are concerned about student achievement, skills, and attitudes related to science. To respond to these concerns, staff need to determine how they can improve their science programs by modifying the content and skills emphasized in the curriculum, changing and supplementing instructional materials,…

Helgeson, Stanley L.; Howe, Robert W.

169

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides science activities and teaching hints appropriate for the middle school sciences including making a domino "gunpowder fuse" that detonates a mousetrap "bomb," using fishing rods and bicycles as teaching aids, constructing lead holders, and teaching chromatography. (DC)

School Science Review, 1981

1981-01-01

170

Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

2009-01-01

171

Technology and science in classroom and interview talk with Swiss lower secondary school students: a Marxist sociological approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In much of science education research, the content of talk tends to be attributed to the persons who produce the sound-words in a speech situation. A radically different, sociological perspective on language-in-use grounded in Marxism derives from the work of L. S. Vygotsky and the members of the circle around M. M. Bakhtin. Accordingly, each word belongs to speaker and recipient simultaneously. It represents collective consciousness and, therefore, shared ideology, which can no longer be attributed to the individual. The purpose of this study is to develop a sociological perspective on language in science education, a perspective in which language continuously changes. I articulate this position in the context of classroom and interview talk with 14-year-old Swiss non-academically streamed lower secondary students about technology and science. In this context, science classrooms and interviews are shown to be microcosms of Swiss (German) culture and society reproduced in and through the situated talk about science and technology.

Roth, Wolff-Michael

2013-06-01

172

Tasks for Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The editors present here another in a series of articles, begun in December 1977, by influential Americans. On the following pages the director of the Central Intelligence Agency shares his percep tions of the direction schools should be taking.

Stansfield Turner

1978-01-01

173

National School Science Safety Indexing Project: A Beginning; Developing a National Indexing System to Evaluate Secondary School Facilities and Safety Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past studies reveal that science safety in the nation's schools needs significant attention (Gerlovich and Parsa 2002; Gerlovich et al. 2002; Gerlovich, Wilson, and Parsa 1998; and Young 1972). These studies have focused on individual states and the issues and hazards specific to those states. A comprehensive study is needed to identify and…

Gerlovich, Jack A.; McElroy, Dennis; Parsa, Rahul; Wazlaw, Brian

2005-01-01

174

A Schools Science Exhibition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article evaluates student science projects encouraged by a South African Science Exposition using the criteria of secondary science educator, J.R. Campbell, and the task descriptors of the educator of the gifted, J.S. Renzulli. It is concluded the preparation of such projects meets the educational standards cited. (DB)

Gray, Derek J.

1990-01-01

175

Factors that Influence Participation of Students in Secondary Science and Mathematics Subjects in IB Schools Outside of the United States and Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affect the extent of international secondary students' participation in International Baccalaureate science and mathematics courses. The factors examined were gender, home region, size, percent host culture and age of the program, and coeducational and legal status of the school. Participation in math and science subjects was determined by analyzing the level and number of courses taken by students taking International Baccalaureate exams in 2010. Chi-Square and Cramer's V analysis were used to measure the effect of categorical variables on student participation and One-Way ANOVA and Bonferroni comparison of means were used to analyze the quantitative variables. All categorical variables were statistically significant (p<.01). Home region was the most important factor affecting participation in both math and science. Students from East, Southeast and South-Central Asia; and Eastern Europe have greater participation in math. The highest science participation came from students in East, Southern and Western Africa; and Southeast Asia. Top participators in science came from Australia/New Zealand, Northern Europe, East Africa and South-Central and Western Asia. State schools showed higher math and science participation. Science and math participation was also greater in all-male schools though associations were weak. Boys participated more than girls, especially in math. All quantitative variables were statistically significant. The program size had the largest effect size for both math and science with larger programs showing more participation at the higher level. A decreasing trend for age of the program and percent host culture was found for math participation. Three years of participation data were collected from an international school in Western Europe (n = 194). Variables included the influence of parent occupation, math preparedness (PSAT-Math), student achievement (GPA), and the importance of significant others in career and academic decisions. Findings indicate that performance on the PSAT- Math was the most important predictor of both science and mathematics participation. Twenty students were also interviewed. Results showed the importance of several key factors. These include the role of parents in student academic and career decisions, the importance of personal interest, and the contribution of early decisions in confidence-building.

Straffon, Elizabeth

176

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 1, Interdependence of Living Things.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of Themes is described in SE 015 440. Each Theme is a teachers' guide to a…

Marson, J. Eric

177

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 5, Extension of Sense Perception.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable for other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of Themes is described in SE 015 440…

Howard, Edgar

178

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 3, Biology of Man.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable to other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of Themes is described in SE 015 440…

Fox, Dennis

179

High school science enrollment of black students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

How can the high school science enrollment of black students be increased? School and home counseling and classroom procedures could benefit from variables identified as predictors of science enrollment. The problem in this study was to identify a set of variables which characterize science course enrollment by black secondary students. The population consisted of a subsample of 3963 black high school seniors from The High School and Beyond 1980 Base-Year Survey. Using multiple linear regression, backward regression, and correlation analyses, the US Census regions and grades mostly As and Bs in English were found to be significant predictors of the number of science courses scheduled by black seniors.

Goggins, Ellen O.; Lindbeck, Joy S.

180

Barriers and facilitators for integrating digital narratives in secondary school science instruction: A media specialist's action research study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Media specialists are increasingly assuming professional development roles as they collaborate with teachers to design instruction that combines content with technology. I am a media specialist in an independent school, and collaborated with two science teachers over a three-year period to integrate technology with their instruction. This action study explored integration of a digital narrative project in three eighth-grade earth science units and one ninth-grade physics unit with each unit serving as a cycle of research. Students produced short digital documentaries that combined still images with an accompanying narration. Students participating in the project wrote scripts based on selected science topics. The completed scripts served as the basis for the narratives. These projects were compared with a more traditional science writing project. Barriers and facilitators for implementation of this type of media project in a science classroom were identified. Lack of adequate access to computers proved to be a significant mechanical barrier. Acquisition of a laptop cart reduced but did not eliminate the technology access issues. The complexity of the project increased implementation time in comparison with traditional alternatives. Evaluation of the completed media projects presented problems. Scores by outside evaluators reflected evaluator unfamiliarity with assessing multimedia projects rather than student performance. Despite several revisions of the assessment rubric, low inter-rater reliability remained a concern even in the last cycle. This suggests that evaluation of media could present issues for teachers who attempt projects of this kind. A writing frame was developed to facilitate production of scripts. This reduced the time required to produce the scripts, but produced writing that was formulaic in the teacher's estimate. A graphic organizer was adopted in the final cycle to address this concern. New insights emerged as the study progressed through the four cycles of the study. At the conclusion of the study, the two teachers and I had a better understanding of barriers that can prevent smooth integration of a technology-based project.

Midland, Susan

181

Scientists of tomorrow - Geophysics School Lab for Secondary School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.

Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas

2014-05-01

182

Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be a tough thing to admit: Despite hearing so much about the importance of inquiry-based science education, you may not be exactly sure what it is--not to mention how to do it. But now this engaging new book takes the intimidation out of inquiry. Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting gives you an overview of what inquiry can be like in middle and high school and explores how to incorporate more inquiry-centered practices into your own teaching. In 11 concise chapters, leading researchers raise and resolve such key questions as: � What is inquiry? � What does inquiry look like in specific classes, such as the Earth science lab or the chemistry lab? � What are the basic features of inquiry instruction? � How do you assess science as inquiry? Science as Inquiry was created to fill a vacuum. No other book serves as such a compact, easy-to-understand orientation to inquiry. It's ideal for guiding discussion, fostering reflection, and helping you enhance your own classroom practices. As chapter author Mark Windschitl writes, "The aim of doing more authentic science in schools is not to mimic scientists, but to develop the depth of content knowledge, the habits of mind, and the critical reasoning skills that are so crucial to basic science literacy." This volume guides you to find new ways of helping students further along the path to science literacy.

2007-12-01

183

Science in School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Crafted by the EIRO Forum, the Science in School website aims "to promote inspiring science teaching by encouraging communication between teachers, scientists, and everyone else." Along the top of the page, visitors can look over the various categories of information offered here which include chemistry, earth science, education, and physics. Each of these areas includes fact sheets, classroom activities, and lecture outlines. Visitors can also dive into the Highlighted Articles, which offer up everything from "Bread-making: Teaching Science in Primary School" to "On Your Bike: How Muscles Respond." Additionally, the Scientist Profiles offer thoughtful interviews with scientists from across the European Union.

184

Numeracy in Secondary School Mathematics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a project that focuses on numeracy in secondary school mathematics. During the course of the project a teacher had the chance to develop and trial new tasks and styles of teaching and learning numeracy. She became increasingly comfortable with using more extended tasks for learning mathematics. However, she believes that it…

Gibbs, Melissa; Goos, Merrilyn; Geiger, Vince; Dole, Shelley

2012-01-01

185

Mechanics. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

186

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes activities, demonstrations, and materials suitable for middle school science, including investigations on solar energy, surface tension, exploding cottages, worms and light, airplanes, depolarizing simple cells, and the thermal expansion of metals. (JN)

School Science Review, 1981

1981-01-01

187

A Comparative Study of Problem-Based and Lecture-Based Learning in Junior Secondary School Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study is to compare problem based learning (PBL) and lecture-based learning (LBL) in Hong Kong secondary students’ science achievement. Secondary One students were divided into two groups: group A ( n = 37), was taught two topics: “Human Reproduction” and “Density” through PBL; group B ( n = 38) was taught the same topics by LBL. Multiple choice questions and short structured response items were used to assess students’ academic performance. Pre and post tests were categorized into three domains: knowledge, comprehension and application according to Bloom’s Taxonomy (Bloom 1956). The results of this study suggest first that PBL is at least as effective as LBL in gaining the knowledge required to achieve the syllabus’ learning objectives; secondly, the PBL group shows a significant improvement in students’ comprehension and application of knowledge over an extended time. Seemingly, PBL is favored for knowledge retention compared to a more conventional teaching approach, by these early adolescent children in Hong Kong. An ongoing longitudinal study on students’ interactions will further determine whether students taught through PBL develop improved learning in relation to high order skills, in a local situation which still tends to focus on factual recall but where higher skills are being demanded by systemic reform.

Wong, Kenson Kin Hang; Day, Jeffrey Richard

2009-11-01

188

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes equipment, experiments, and activities useful in middle school science instruction, including demonstrating how strong paper can be, the inclined plane illusion, a simplified diet calculation, a magnetic levitator, science with soap bubbles, a model motor and dynamo, and a pocketed sorter for safety glasses. (SK)

School Science Review, 1980

1980-01-01

189

Quantitative Analysis of Representations of Nature of Science in Nordic Upper Secondary School Textbooks Using Framework of Analysis Based on Philosophy of Chemistry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of this study was to assess how the different aspects of nature of science (NOS) were represented in Finnish and Swedish upper secondary school chemistry textbooks. The dimensions of NOS were analyzed from five popular chemistry textbook series. The study provides a quantitative method for analysis of representations of NOS in chemistry textbooks informed by domain-specific research on the philosophy of chemistry and chemical education. The selection of sections analyzed was based on the four themes of scientific literacy: knowledge of science, investigate nature of science, science as a way of thinking, and interaction of science, technology and society. For the second round of analysis the theme of science as a way of thinking was chosen for a closer inspection. The units of analysis in this theme were analyzed using seven domain specific dimensions of NOS: tentative, empirical, model-based, inferential, technological products, instrumentation, and social and societal dimensions. Based on the inter-rater agreement, the procedure and frameworks of analysis presented in this study was a reliable way of assessing the emphasis given to the domain specific aspects of NOS. All textbooks have little emphasis on the theme science as a way of thinking on a whole. In line with the differences of curricula, Swedish textbooks emphasize the tentative dimension of NOS more than Finnish textbooks. To provide teachers with a sufficiently wide variety of examples to discuss the different dimensions of NOS changes to the national core curricula are needed. Although changing the emphasis of the curricula would be the most obvious way to affect the emphasis of the textbooks, other efforts such as pre- and in-service courses for developing teachers understanding of NOS and pedagogic approaches for NOS instruction to their classroom practice might also be needed.

Vesterinen, Veli-Matti; Aksela, Maija; Lavonen, Jari

2013-07-01

190

Disparity in Student Achievement within and across Secondary Schools: An Analysis of Department Results in English, Maths and Science in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It has been reported in the literature that the disparities of student achievement within schools are often larger than the disparity across schools. In the secondary school context, analysing student achievement data at department level enables a fine-grained approach to identifying particular departments and teachers within them that are…

Highfield, Camilla

2010-01-01

191

Evaluation of Science Laboratories in Palestinian Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides background information and considers a number of issues raised with reference to science education in Palestine. Presents survey results that show a need for more science laboratory rooms in all secondary schools, a reorganization of current rooms, improvements in the evaluation process in the laboratory class, and greater coverage of…

Sabri, Khawla Shakhshir

1996-01-01

192

School of Ocean Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The School of Ocean Sciences, one of the largest university Marine Science departments in Europe, is a multi-disciplinary department located on the shores of the Menai Strait, North Wales, United Kingdom. The program is divided into four research groups: physics of the shelf seas, sedimentary processes, biogeochemistry, and marine biology. Site features information on faculty, courses, current research, and the Research Vessel Prince Madog.

193

Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has initiated the Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools (SSIP-S), an annual nationwide competition to select student proposals for experiments suitable for flight aboard the Space Shuttle. The objective of the project is to stimulate the study of science and technology in grades 9 through 12 by directly relating students to a space research program. This paper will analyze the first year of the project from a standpoint of how the competition was administered; the number and types of proposals that were submitted; and will discuss the process involved in preparing the winning experiments for eventual flight.

Wilson, G. P.; Ladwig, A.

1981-01-01

194

Basic teaching methods in physics and social science classroom: Reality and upper secondary school students' expectations in Norway and Finland  

Microsoft Academic Search

During the 1990s, there was a worldwide discussion about the decreasing interest in science and technology studies on all levels. Much research has been organised to clarify what might affect student motivation to study science and, in particular, physics. The answers to what might motivate students are typically sought by investigating their interests or attitudes to (i) science (or domains

Jari Lavonen; Carl Angell; Reijo Byman; Ellen Henriksen; Ismo Koponen

195

African American Women in Science: Experiences from High School through the Post-Secondary Years and Beyond  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay uses data from the National Education Longitudinal Survey (NELS) to provide information on the science achievement, access (course-taking), and attitudes of young African American women at various points in the science education system. In addition, it uses recent data from the NELS 2000 panel to examine these young women’s entry into science occupations in the early adult years.

Sandra L. Hanson

2004-01-01

196

A Schools Science Exhibition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preparation of school Science Fair Projects provides a medium to assess the qualities of ‘good’ teaching practice described by Campbell (1986) and to examine these qualities in the context of Renzulli's three task levels (1977). It would seem that the preparation of an exhibit fulfils both Campbell's criteria and Renzulli's task descriptors.

Derek J. Gray

1990-01-01

197

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrations, experiments, and classroom activities/materials for middle school science are presented. These include: additive color mixing demonstration; electricity activity and worksheet; atmospheric pressure "magic" demonstration; homemade microbalance; energy from soap bubbles; and a model used to demonstrate muscle pairs and how they work…

School Science Review, 1983

1983-01-01

198

Teaching High School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet, replacing an earlier edition with the same title, reviews the research related to science instruction in high schools with reference to its implications for teaching. Recommendations for particular teaching methods are made when the evidence is strong, and, where it is weak, implications of the trends discerned are stated, and…

Koran, John J., Jr.

199

Island Natural Science School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Prepared for students in grade six attending the Island Natural Science School, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, this booklet offers information and suggests activities in the areas of ecology, conservation, natural resources, and outdoor recreation. Introductory material describes island lore, its formation and significant features, followed by units of…

Toronto Board of Education (Ontario).

200

Secondary School Science Minority Achievement Registry. Volume I. S3MAR Program Directory 1996-97. Project 3000 by 2000.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Association of American Medical Colleges launched Project 3000 by 2000 in November 1991 to address the under-representation of Blacks, American Indians, Mexican Americans, and Mainland Puerto Ricans in medical schools. Its aim is to increase the number of under-represented minorities entering medical schools to 3,000 by the year 2000. As part…

Ang, Tina, Ed.

201

PERCEPTIONS OF OREGON SECONDARY PRINCIPALS REGARDING INTEGRATING SCIENCE INTO AGRICULTURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRAMS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Secondary principals that had an Agricultural Science and Technology Program in their school were targeted for this study to determine their support for integrating science into Agricultural Education Programs in Oregon. The data indicated that principals have responded positively to the call to integrate science into the agricultural education curriculum. Principals agreed that students were more aware of the connection

Gregory W. Thompson

202

What Kind of Place Is Secondary School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school introduces students to a public space that differs from the private spaces commonly found in elementary schools. One of the markers signaling a transition from private to public space is the use of discourse. Secondary schools are places where social practices reject the democratic and caring activities found in the elementary…

Hayes, Monie; Vivian, Craig

2008-01-01

203

Using Photo Elicitation Interview to Conceptualize In-Service Secondary School Science Teachers' Knowledge Base For Teaching Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photo Elicitation Interviews (PEI) were used for assessing in-service secondary school teachers' conceptual understanding about global climate change (GCC). We selected PEI over attitude surveys, multiple-choice content assessments and interviews because we believe that evaluating knowledge about GCC requires an understanding of the system as a whole (Papadimitriou, 2004). Hence we conducted interviews with ten teachers using visual representations of GCC. The 8 images used in this approach were obtained from NASA image collection and local climatology websites. Questions associated with these images were developed, aligned with Essential Principles for Climate Literacy (NOAA, 2009) and interviews were conducted following a weeklong, summer professional development workshop based on propagating climate literacy. Image1 elicited teachers' understanding about global warming. Almost all said that they were intrigued but they needed for more evidence to fully understand the issue. Image 2 was designed to elicit teachers' understandings of weather vs. climate. All ten teachers were able to distinguish between weather and climate but were aware of how many years of weather data was needed to make climate predictions. Their answers varied from 10 years to 100 years. Image 3 showed the Greenhouse effect, which most of the teachers were able to describe but they were not able, describe 'enhanced green house effect'. Gaps in knowledge about 'earth as a radiating body' and 'long wave and short wave radiations' also became evident during the process. Similar to Grima et al., 2010, Gautier, 2006 and Kempton, 1991, three participants attributed the increase in global temperatures to the size of the ozone hole, which is a commonly held misconception. Image 4 showed an image of the Keeling curve, which was well explained by most, but only five teachers were able to identify the cause of seasonal fluctuations in the amount of carbon dioxide gas released in the atmosphere. Image 5 and 6 were a pictorial representation of the carbon dioxide levels and increasing temperatures in our atmosphere that all ten participants were able to describe confidently. Images7, 8 represented a flooding event in the Mississippi River in the Midwest USA. When asked about the direct and indirect impacts of changing climate especially in regards to flooding and droughts, all the participants mentioned that increasing temperatures are correlated with the increased chances of drought or precipitation. They attributed this to the global circulation pattern of winds. Most participants were not sure about the interplay of several factors at a very local scale. Using this process of PEI, we were able to analyze teachers' overall understanding of GCC along with their misconceptions. We also observed that all ten participants of this study displayed their strongest knowledge towards climate literacy principles 6 and 7 related to the causes and implications in a GCC scenario. There was a general lack of appreciation for feedbacks that occur within the climate system, with almost no mentions of the connection between the greenhouse effect and the hydrological cycle.

Bhattacharya, D.; Roehrig, G.; Karahan, E.; Liu, S.

2013-12-01

204

75 FR 65975 - Exchange Visitor Program-Secondary School Students  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Exchange Visitor Program--Secondary School Students AGENCY: United States Department...Department is revising existing Secondary School Student regulations regarding the screening, selection, school enrollment, orientation, and...

2010-10-27

205

Astronomy Teaching in Europe's Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EU/ESO Workshop for European Physics Teachers A joint Workshop of the European Union (EU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will take place on November 25 - 30, 1994 under the auspices of the European Week for Scientific Culture. The Workshop is entitled "Astronomy: Science, Culture and Technology". It will bring together at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) more than 100 secondary school teachers and ministerial representatives from 17 European countries to discuss all aspects of this broad subject. It is the first and very visible part of a new, sustained effort to stimulate and modernize the teaching of the subjects of Astronomy and Astrophysics in European secondary schools. During the Workshop, the participants will experience the present state of this multi-disciplinary science in its most general context, that is as a human, long-term scientific and technological endeavour with great cultural implications. They will exchange views on how the various elements of Astronomy can best be utilized within the educational schemes of the individual countries, both as subjects in their own rights, and especially in support of many other items on the present teaching agenda. Why This Workshop ? Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Since innumerable millenia, it has continued to have a great influence on mankind's perception of itself and its surroundings. In our days, Astronomy and Astrophysics have become a central area of the natural sciences with many direct links to other sciences (e.g., many aspects of physics, mathematics, chemistry, the geo-sciences, etc.); it has an important cultural content (including our distant origins, the recognition of the location and restricted extent of our niche in space and time, cosmological considerations as well as philosophy in general); its recent successes are to a large amount dependent on advanced technologies and methodologies (e.g., optics, electronics, detector techniques at all wavelengths, computer techniques like image processing and the transfer, storage and retrieval of enormous data sets). Astronomy is undoubtedly one of the sciences that enjoys the most intense public interest and it also has a great media appeal, in part because of its exploratory ("adventurous") character and ability to produce spectacular images, cf. the recent, dramatic collision between a comet and Jupiter. Moreover, with the increasing public awareness of the Earth's fragile ecosystems and the obvious influence of external, i.e., "astronomical" forces (solar irradiation, variations in the Earth's orbit, collisions with other bodies, radiative effects from nearby cosmic explosions, etc.), this science has taken on a new significance in the minds of many people. Nevertheless, the teaching of Astronomy in European secondary schools has been the subject of many vacillations during the past decades. In several countries it is taught at a quite rudimentary and "old-fashioned" level, in others, some of its elements are included, but most often in a seemingly haphazard way; it is very rare, that an overall, holistic view is presented. This is despite the obvious fact that many areas of Astronomy are relatively easy to comprehend (at least qualitatively) and that this science is a most illustrative example of the interplay between science, culture and technology in all its historical and modern aspects. It moreover demonstrates the unity of science, gives a host of educationally useful examples of the scientific method, and may also serve as a natural stepping stone into a large number of other areas of human knowledge and activities. The Workshop Programme The Workshop will begin in the afternoon of Friday, November 25, when the participants gather at the ESO Headquarters in Garching near Munich. It ends after four busy days in the evening of Tuesday, November 29. To begin with, specialist speakers will provide reviews of some of the scientific subjects now at the forefront of Astronomy and Astrophysics, overviews of selected astronomical tech

1994-11-01

206

Probability Experiments in the Secondary School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article, created by L.W. Gates of Gillingham Technical High School, describes complete instructions for two probability experiments targeting middle school aged students. The author states, "Probability theory is taught as part of the normal curriculum in most secondary schools, but it is not usually possible, due to shortage of time, lack of equipment, or teacher reluctance to perform probability experiments." This lesson attempts to alleviate these issues in a secondary school setting.

Gates, L. W.

2009-04-17

207

Cognitive development in a secondary science setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observations were made of the progressive change in the cognitive development of 141 students over the course of their secondary education in an Australian private school. Cognitive development was measured in years 8, 10 and 12 using Bond's Logical Orerations Test. Rasch analysis of each of the data sets provided ability estimates for students in the year groups of 1993 (year 8), 1995 (year 10) and 1997 (year 12). Twenty-nine students from the year group of 1993 were tested on all three occasions. We analysed data from these 29 students in order to investigate the children's cognitive development across years 8, 10 and 12. We also examined the influence of the Cognitive Acceleration through Science Education (CASE) Thinking Science program on the cognitive development and scholastic achievement of these students. We found increased mental growth between years 8 and 10 for most students in the Thinking Science cohort, which could not be predicted from their starting levels. There was a significant correlation between cognitive development and the scholastic achievement of these students. Although boys as a group were more advanced in cognitive development than girls in years 8 and 10, no difference was found in the rate of cognitive change based on sex up to year 10. However girls showed cognitive gains across years 10-12 which were not found in boys. The students who were new to the school also showed increased cognitive development in years 11 and 12. Students who had experienced the Thinking Science course were more cognitively developed than students who joined the school after the intervention had taken place. This study supports the claim of Adey and Shayer that there is a relationship between cognitive development and scholastic achievement, even though we used different measures of cognitive development and scholastic achievement.

Endler, Lorna C.; Bond, Trevor

2000-12-01

208

A Content Analysis of the History of Science in the National Science Educational Standards Documents and Four Secondary Science Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses both the extent and manner in which the history of science is included in current secondary school physics textbooks. The study investigates what qualifies as history of science in a physics textbook; the focus, extent, and pervasiveness of the history of science content as it actually appears in a textbook; the focus of…

Wang, HsingChi A.

209

Authentic science and school science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Current concerns about inappropriate views that students have about science and suggested remedies such as more philosophy of science courses for science teachers are similar to those advanced during the 1960s curriculum reform movement. However, evidence from the ‘60s and the ‘80s is that additional courses in the philosophy of science have little effect on science teachers’ classroom behaviour or

P. James Gaskell

1992-01-01

210

Effective Schools: Do Elementary Prescriptions Fit Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the recent research identifying organizational characteristics that seem to make schools unusually effective has been conducted at the elementary level and may not be applicable to secondary schools. Research currently underway suggests that the basic organizational structures of elementary and secondary schools dictate two different…

Firestone, William A.; Herriott, Robert E.

211

What Research Says about Increasing the Numbers of Female Students Taking Math and Science in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Increasing the numbers of female students in math and science courses where female participation rates are low relative to male rates has been a goal of educators for many years. A major purpose of reducing the gap is to ensure that women do not prematurely exclude themselves from career opportunities by dropping college and university…

Tsuji, Gerry; Ziegler, Suzanne

1990-01-01

212

Learning effects of active involvement of secondary school students in scientific research within the Sparkling Science project "FlussAu:WOW!"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to immense technological and economic developments, human activities producing greenhouse gases, destructing ecosystems, changing landscapes and societies are influencing the world to such a degree, that the environment and human well-being are significantly affected. This results in a need to educate citizens towards a scientific understanding of complex socio-environmental systems. The OECD programme for international student assessment (PISA - http://www.pisa.oecd.org) investigated in detail the science competencies of 15-year-old students in 2006. The report documented that teenagers in OECD countries are mostly well aware of environmental issues but often know little about their causes or options to tackle these challenges in the future. For the integration of science with school learning and involving young people actively into scientific research Sparkling Science projects are funded by the Federal Ministry of Science and Research in Austria. Within the Sparkling Science Project "FlussAu:WOW!" (http://www.sparklingscience.at/de/projekte/574-flussau-wow-/) scientists work together with 15 to 18-year-old students of two Austrian High Schools over two years to assess the functions and processes in near natural and anthropogenically changed river floodplains. Within the first year of collaboration students, teachers and scientists elaborated on abiotic, biotic and spatial indicators for assessing and evaluating the ecological functionality of riverine systems. After a theoretical introduction students formulated research questions, hypotheses and planned and conducted field work in two different floodplain areas in Lower Austria. From the second year on, students are going to develop qualitative models on processes in river floodplain systems by means of the learning software "DynaLearn". The "DynaLearn" software is an engaging, interactive, hierarchically structured learning environment that was developed within the EU-FP7 project "DynaLearn" (http://www.dynalearn.eu) to capture and simulate qualitative causal relationships across disciplines and scales. In "FlussAu:WOW!" students work in groups of two and are guided to think about processes and interactions of hydrological, biological, ecological, spatial and societal elements within a river catchment. They can develop their own causal models and scenarios (e.g., hydrological changes in river run off due to landscape changes in the upper catchment) but also can compare their conceptions to expert models that will be provided. As main benefit, the models help students to reflect their own conceptions in the light of scientific knowledge but also scientists learn about the viewpoints and conceptions young students might have from their environment. The comparison of pre- and post-tests conducted within the "FlussAu:WOW!" project showed that students increased significantly their factual knowledge on different processes in river systems during the first year. Questions regarding functions, processes and elements of riverine landscapes were answered more extensively. This can be ascribed to students` active involvement in scientific research. However, the causal understanding still showed room for improvement, which will be tackled during the next qualitative modelling exercises. Summarizing, involvement of secondary school students in research projects is an effective means to increase scientific literacy when active participation with reflective integration are combined. Ensuring that young people are proficient in system knowledge and understanding makes it more likely that environmental and sustainable considerations are soundly addressed in the future.

Poppe, Michaela; Zitek, Andreas; Scheikl, Sigrid; Heidenreich, Andrea; Kurz, Roman; Schrittwieser, Martin; Muhar, Susanne

2014-05-01

213

Implementation Science and School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The APA Division 16 Working Group on Translating Science to Practice contends that implementation science is essential to the process of translating evidence-based interventions (EBIs) into the unique context of the schools, and that increasing attention to implementation will lead to the improvement of school psychological services and school

Forman, Susan G.; Shapiro, Edward S.; Codding, Robin S.; Gonzales, Jorge E.; Reddy, Linda A.; Rosenfield, Sylvia A.; Sanetti, Lisa M. H.; Stoiber, Karen C.

2013-01-01

214

THE ENGLISH CURRICULUM IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

AT THE INVITATION OF THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS (NASSP), A SPECIAL COMMITTEE OF THE NATIONAL COUNCIL OF TEACHERS OF ENGLISH HAS PREPARED A SYMPOSIUM OF PAPERS ON NEW DIRECTIONS IN THE ENGLISH SECONDARY SCHOOL CURRICULUM. ARTICLES ON IMPORTANT ISSUES AND DEVELOPMENTS IN THE TEACHING OF ENGLISH ARE--(1) "SIX MAJOR…

SEYFERT, WARREN C.

215

Establishing Working Relationships with Secondary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

College political science departments can derive several benefits by offering computer utilization and survey research courses to secondary social science teachers. Presently, attitudes of both teachers and students toward the relationship between the "hard sciences" and the social sciences account for the lack of computer utilization in that area…

Buss, Terry F.; Binning, William C.

216

Summer Institutes for Secondary Teachers of Science, Mathematics and Social Science. 1972 Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory lists the institutions awarded support by the National Science Foundation for 276 summer institutes in 1972 for secondary school teachers of science and/or mathematics. The introduction gives information on "unitary" and "sequential" institutes, eligibility and selection of participants, applications, and information concerning…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

217

Female Dropouts in Botswana Junior Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A serious problem in Botswana is the large number of girls and young women who drop out of school. Just over half of the female population attends secondary schools, and the percentage of school-enrolled females has fallen in recent years. Few researchers have studied the dropout problem in Botswana. Twenty-four individuals selected for this study…

Makwinja-Morara, Veronica

2009-01-01

218

Evaluating Montbrillant Lower Secondary School in Switzerland  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Does Geneva's Montbrillant lower secondary school, which has now been in use for one year, meet the objectives targeted when it was designed? Does the new school respond to the needs and expectations of staff and students? Questions such as these serve to evaluate the quality of a school building once in use and tie in with work supported by PEB…

Simioni, Sandro

2004-01-01

219

The Science For Our Schools (SFOS) Program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Science For Our Schools (SFOS) program at California State University at Los Angeles places graduate students from Astronomy, Biology, Chemistry, Geology, and Physics with science teachers in secondary classrooms throughout the Los Angeles area. The program implements activities and demonstrations based on California's new science content standards. Graduate Fellows act as science communicators to bring the excitement of scientific research to high school classrooms. Fellows are partnered with highly experienced science teachers in seven different middle and high schools, most of which have high minority enrollment and large numbers of students from low-income families. In addition to curriculum development, our Fellows plan field trips, scout funding opportunities, facilitate lab equipment purchases, and help organize special events such as science fairs and "Ask a Scientist" nights. SFOS Fellows and PI's meet weekly to exchange ideas and experiences, to review current science education literature, and to preview curriculum developed for our middle and high school science classrooms. All SFOS participants gather at quarterly workshops to share the results of program activities through presentations and discussions. We thank the National Science Foundation for funding through the GK-12 program.

Terebey, S.; Mayo, D.; Strauss, J.

2004-12-01

220

Applied aerodynamics experience for secondary science teachers and students  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Department of Aerospace Engineering, Mechanics & Engineering Science at the University of Florida in conjunction with the Alachua County, Florida School Board has embarked on a four-year project of university-secondary school collaboration designed to enhance mathematics and science instruction in secondary school classrooms. The goals are to provide teachers with a fundamental knowledge of flight sciences, and to stimulate interest among students, particularly women and minorities, toward careers in engineering, mathematics, and science. In the first year of the project, all thirteen of the eighth grade physical science teachers and all 1200 of the eighth grade physical science students in the county participated. The activities consisted of a three-day seminar taught at the college level for the teachers, several weeks of classroom instruction for all the students, and an airport field trip for a subgroup of about 430 students that included an orientation flight in a Cessna 172 aircraft. The project brought together large numbers of middle school students, teachers, undergraduate and graduate engineering students, school board administrators, and university engineering faculty.

Abbitt, John D., III; Carroll, Bruce F.

1992-01-01

221

On the Attitude of Secondary 1 Students towards Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The understanding of students' attitude towards science will give a sense of direction when designing pedagogical approaches and lesson packages so that reasons for not liking science is arrested and eventually the nation's need for science oriented workforce is addressed in the future. This study is part of a 3-year research project entitled PbI1atSchool: A large scale study on the effect of ``Physics by Inquiry'' pedagogy on Secondary One students' attitude and aptitude in science, involving school, National Institute of Education (NIE) Singapore, University of Washington at Seattle and the Ministry of Education (MOE) of Singapore. The results from a survey conducted on a sample size of 215 secondary 1 students indicate that fun in studying science is a major reason for their interest towards the subject. Those who do not like science dislike the idea of surface learning such as memorizing facts and information. Besides, all these students in our sample appear to be inquisitive. We believe that the teaching and learning system needs to be modified to increase or at least sustain the students' interest in science and capitalize on students' inquisitiveness. Although the results obtained are interesting and give an insight on secondary 1 students' attitude towards science, we intend to carry out a more rigorous study to identify correlations between students' responses for different attitude questions to understand deeply their attitude towards science.

Kuppan, L.; Munirah, S. K.; Foong, S. K.; Yeung, A. S.

2010-07-01

222

Science for Ladies, Classics for Gentlemen: A Comparative Analysis of Scientific Subjects in the Curricula of Boys' and Girls' Secondary Schools in the United States, 1794-1850.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a consistent body of evidence to support the conclusion that, from the earliest decades of the 19th century, scientific subjects represented a significant and popular part of the curriculum in schools for girls. Includes evidence from primary and secondary sources. (MJP)

Tolley, Kim

1996-01-01

223

Pennsylvania's Energy Curriculum for the Secondary Grades: Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dozen energy-related earth science lessons comprise this guide for secondary school teachers. Intended to provide information about energy issues that exist in Pennsylvania and throughout the world, the activities cover topics such as coal mining, radioactivity, and the distribution of oil and gas in Pennsylvania. Lessons include objectives,…

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.

224

A Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Course for Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a course for reinforcing the knowledge of biochemistry in secondary school science teachers. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona designed a course to bring these teachers up to date with this discipline. In addition to updating their knowledge of biochemistry and molecular…

Fernandez-Novell, J. M.; Cid, E.; Gomis, R.; Barbera, A.; Guinovart, J. J.

2004-01-01

225

Aerospace-Oriented Units for Use in Secondary School Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This set of nine units is intended to furnish aerospace-oriented resource material to help teachers include recent scientific and technological advances in the secondary school science curriculum. The units provided are as follows: history of astronomy, the solar system, beyond the solar system, history of flight, spaceflight facts, aerology,…

Williams, Mary H.; And Others

226

Mathematical Fiction: Its Place in Secondary-School Mathematics Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article contains a small selection of mathematical fiction chosen with the teaching of mathematics in secondary school in mind. However, an attempt is made to classify the works and provide a few ideas about how these items may be used by mathematics teachers, sometimes, but not necessarily, in collaboration with science and humanities…

Padula, Janice

2005-01-01

227

Investigating Secondary School Students' Unmediated Peer Assessment Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate secondary school students' unmediated peer assessment skills. Specifically, 36 seventh graders, without receiving any kind of support, were anonymously assigned to reciprocally assess their peers' science web-portfolios. Additionally, students' attitudes towards and intentions about the use of…

Tsivitanidou, Olia E.; Zacharia, Zacharias C.; Hovardas, Tasos

2011-01-01

228

A comparative study of instructional efficacy between first and second-career teachers in secondary school math and science courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to use Dr. James Stronge’s taxonomy of the qualities of effective teachers to determine whether there are significant differences in the instructional efficacy between first- and second-career teachers who teach math and science. Methodology: A causal-comparative study examined the effects of variables that cannot be manipulated experimentally. The survey instrument was a 50-tem self-identifying questionnaire addressing the 6 research questions used to determine significance between first- and second-career teachers in their classroom efficacy. Findings: A Mann-Whitney U-test determined there was an overall significant difference [p < 0.01] between first- and second-career teachers in their classroom efficacy, with second-career teachers being more aligned with research-based best practices for efficacy. Conclusions: The existing construct for hiring teachers should be reconsidered, so that teachers identified as effective by research-based methods are employed from the outset. Adult maturation patterns suggest that early adults serving as instructors are less effective for at least the first 3 to 5 years of the teachers’ career. This could be resolved by amending the criteria for teacher entry into the classroom. Maturity of the teacher plays a significant role in their classroom efficacy. Existing research has provided a construct for identifying effective teachers. Recommendations: Require teaching graduates to gain at least 5 years of practical experience in the disciplines in which they seek a license to teach before entering the classroom. Increase the age for teachers entering the profession to at least 26 before allowing them into the classroom to allow for adult maturation processes to occur. Increase the rigor for a teaching certification to the point where only high content knowledge instructors could pass. Require all potential teachers to be certified on a regular basis so that they have to keep up with the technology and the most current information of their professions. Develop an assessment to allow the instructor to display knowledge of the research-based best practices for instruction.

Gardner, Royal Anthony

229

Environmental Education: Module for Pre-Service Training of Social Science Teachers and Supervisors for Secondary Schools. Environmental Educational Series 9.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The International Environmental Education Program (IEEP) of UNESCO has developed a series of experimental teacher training modules in environmental education. This module focuses on the pre-service training of secondary social science teachers and supervisors in environmental education. Chapter 1 introduces the module and presents specific…

Sinha, Savita; And Others

230

Beginning secondary science teachers' instructional use of educational technology during the induction year  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study explored how 10 beginning secondary science teachers who had completed the newly revised technology-integrated science teacher education program at the University of Virginia used educational technology in their science instruction during the induction year. Nine of the beginning teachers taught in Virginia or Maryland high schools, while one taught overseas in an international school. Participants taught biology, earth

Rebecca Lee McNall

2004-01-01

231

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

232

Epistemological Foundations of School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a theoretical framework that provides foundations for school science and defines some research problems. Begins with what is already known about students' models and cognition in order to construct proposals of didactical intervention. Proposes an analogous model for school science in which experimentation and language play the key roles.…

Izquierdo-Aymerich, Merce; Aduriz-Bravo, Agustin

2003-01-01

233

On-line learning & thinking in science: Uncovering how secondary school students learn about velocity in a Web-based environment  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Research suggests it is important to understand students' metacognition and how they make meaning of science (Craig & Yore, 1992). This qualitative case study investigates the effects (if at all) of Web-based instruction on students' metacognition about learning science. More specifically, this study examines how students' metacognition is developed when learning science in a Web-based environment that is supposed to promote metacognitive thinking. The units of analysis are four middle school students. Data for this study include transcripts of interviews, reflective essays, field observation notes, and students' responses to prompts in the Web-based learning environment. The findings show that an online learning environment provides a platform for students to make their thinking visible and develop their metacognition as they learn science with peers and with the purposeful instructional intervention of their teacher. This study has implications for educational stakeholders concerned about improving science learning for all students.

Harrison, Christopher D.

234

Hiring Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's effective school counselors are integral in education reform, school leadership, and student achievement. It is typically the responsibility of building principals to hire effective school counselors. This article builds on previous literature and provides principals with questions to ask and information to gather that may be helpful in…

McGlothlin, Jason M.; Miller, Lynne Guillot

2008-01-01

235

Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

O'Connell, William P.

2012-01-01

236

Procedural apprenticeship in school science: Constructivist enabling of connoisseurship  

Microsoft Academic Search

In many parts of the world, school science, especially at the secondary school level, is a sort of selection and training camp for future scientists and engineers. For most students, their general lack of cultural capital (Apple, 1990) minimizes their opportunities to survive the rapid coverage of large volumes of abstract, decontextualized laws, theories, and inventions so typical of school

J. Lawrence Bencze

2000-01-01

237

Team Approaches to Leadership in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the concept of a dual cultural and political perspective for analyzing interaction. It also illustrates how this dual perspective can explain how senior management teams (SMTs) operate in English secondary schools, in which senior faculty profess commitment to teamwork. Methodology included: (1) case studies of six secondary

Wallace, Mike; Hall, Valerie

238

Risk and School Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I consider a role for risk understanding in school science education. Grounds for this role are described in terms of current sociological analyses of the contemporary world as a "risk society" and recent public understanding of science studies where science and risk are concerns commonly linked within the wider community. These…

Christensen, Clare

2009-01-01

239

Functional Learning Curricula in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author addresses the issue of the match between traditional secondary school curriculum and the skills/competencies needed by many handicapped students. A functional model used by the Department of Defense Dependents Schools is discussed in terms of individualized programing, modification/addition of competencies, scheduling, generalizability…

Wimmer, Diane

1981-01-01

240

Alternative schools for troublesome secondary students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of a field experiment indicate that a certain kind of secondary school program reduced the disruptive behavior and improved the scholastic performance of students who were about to be suspended or expelled from their conventional schools. The research indicates that the program was demonstrably effective only with those students who were not at the outset extremely depressed and anxious.

Martin Gold; David W. Mann

1982-01-01

241

Missouri Secondary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. This manual contains information on standards, legal aspects, and responsibilities for science safety; general laboratory safety for…

Lemons, Judith L.

242

Evaluation of the Effects of the Medium of Instruction on Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Students' Self-Concept in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study has been conducted to explore the impact of a new language policy for Hong Kong secondary schools on science learning. According to this policy, only schools that recruit the best 25% of students can teach science in English, the students' second language, while the other schools have to teach science in Chinese, the students'…

Yip, Din Yan; Tsang, Wing Kwong

2007-01-01

243

Who Makes It to Secondary School? Determinants of Transition to Secondary Schools in Rural India  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite considerable progress made, a significant proportion of children continue to drop out before reaching secondary school in India. This study investigates factors influencing parental decision-making with regard to children's secondary schooling in the context of a rural area of Uttar Pradesh. The study finds that cost, distance to the…

Siddhu, Gaurav

2011-01-01

244

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Re

2009-06-17

245

Educational Productivity in Science Education: Secondary Analysis of National Assessment in Science Data.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study used data collected during 1981-82 from a random sample of 1,960 9-year-old students from 124 elementary schools involved in a national assessment of educational progress in science. The database was used in secondary analyses which probed the validity of a model of educational productivity involving a set of nine aptitudinal,…

Fraser, Barry J.; And Others

246

China Curriculum for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed to assist secondary teachers in teaching about China, this guide presents six units about the cultural and political patterns of Chinese life. Following a list of resources and audiovisual distributors, unit 1 provides opportunities to examine similarities and differences in Chinese and American world views, particularly attitudes of…

McBride, Marjorie; And Others

247

Career: Secondary School Career Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the handbook is to provide a resource to teachers for integrating career education into secondary level subject areas in order to reveal to students the broad range of career possibilities and the relevance of subject matter to the world of work. The first 19 pages of the document discuss the broad objectives of the program, the…

Dependents Schools (DOD), Washington, DC. Pacific Area.

248

A Vocationalized School Science Curriculum?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article is concerned with the meaning and legitimacy of the view that the secondary science curriculum can be given a vocational emphasis, and with a current attempt to create such a curriculum. Although this perspective on the science curriculum has a long history, in recent decades it has received little attention. This article examines recent research into the vocational

Jacqueline Bell; Jim Donnelly

2006-01-01

249

HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

PAGE, RAY

250

Key Competencies: Art, Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Major competencies are presented for art education courses in grades seven through 12 in the Philadelphia school system. The goal of art education is to promote an understanding of elements and principles of composition and design such as color, line, shape, mass, and texture. Art education should involve students in evaluating, creating, and…

Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

251

Nurture Groups in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nurture groups are school-based interventions that offer specialist support for children and young people with social, emotional and behavioural difficulties. Initially developed as an early years intervention in the 1970s, nurture groups dwindled in the 1980s but have enjoyed something of a renaissance over the last 15 years. There are now more…

Colley, David

2009-01-01

252

Space Mathematics: A Resource for Secondary School Teachers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of mathematical problems related to NASA space science projects is presented. In developing the examples and problems, attention was given to preserving the authenticity and significance of the original setting while keeping the level of mathematics within the secondary school curriculum. Computation and measurement, algebra, geometry, probability and statistics, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, matrix algebra, conic sections, and calculus are among the areas addressed.

Kastner, Bernice

1985-01-01

253

Scientists and Science Educators Mentoring Secondary Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines secondary science teachers' perspectives of the role that mentoring by a scientist and science educator pair played in their professional development. Multiple data sources from three years of a professional development project, including interviews, participant reflections, and a focus group, were used to examine the benefits,…

Pegg, Jerine M.; Schmoock, Heidi I.; Gummer, Edith S.

2010-01-01

254

Multiple influences: Latinas, middle school science, and school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the multiple school and school science experiences of eight Latina students of Central American descent in a tracked, urbanized, middle school setting. Framed by a sociocultural perspective, I describe how eight seventh and eighth grade Latino girls interacted with school science. Implications for the concept "science for all" are discussed.

Parker, Carolyn

2014-04-01

255

Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be a tough thing to admit: Despite hearing so much about the importance of inquiry-based science education, you may not be exactly sure what it is--not to mention how to do it. But now this engaging new book takes the intimidation out of inquiry. Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting gives you an overview of what inquiry can be like in middle and high school and explores how to incorporate more inquiry-centered practices into your own teaching. In 11 concise chapters, leading researchers raise and resolve such key questions as: � What is inquiry? � What does inquiry look like in specific classes, such as the Earth science lab or the chemistry lab? � What are the basic features of inquiry instruction? � How do you assess science as inquiry? Science as Inquiry was created to fill a vacuum. No other book serves as such a compact, easy-to-understand orientation to inquiry. It's ideal for guiding discussion, fostering reflection, and helping you enhance your own classroom practices. As chapter author Mark Windschitl writes, "The aim of doing more authentic science in schools is not to mimic scientists, but to develop the depth of content knowledge, the habits of mind, and the critical reasoning skills that are so crucial to basic science literacy." This volume guides you to find new ways of helping students further along the path to science literacy.

2007-12-01

256

Supporting ICT Based Pedagogies in Science in Rural School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recent research has demonstrated a significant disadvantage for rural teachers in a variety of aspects of ICT use. This context provides a backdrop for two professional learning programs designed to support ICT-based pedagogies in teaching science in Victorian rural primary and secondary schools. In both programs the school-based workshops…

Hubber, Peter; Chittleborough, Gail; Campbell, Coral; Jobling, Wendy; Tytler, Russell

2010-01-01

257

Health Risks Information Reaches Secondary School Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This cross-sectional study aimed to assess smoking prevention and cessation education delivered as part of the UK National Curriculum and to evaluate the relative effectiveness of health, social influence and other/non-health components. In all, 1789 students aged 11-15 from 12 secondary schools completed online surveys assessing smoking status,…

Ridout, Fran; Charlton, Anne; Hutchison, Iain

2008-01-01

258

Construction: Masonry. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This construction curriculum guide on masonry for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

259

Interests of public secondary-school boys  

Microsoft Academic Search

A summary of investigations concerned with the relation between interest and academic achievement reveals conflicting results. These differences are attributed to 5 inadequacies of the methods of investigation. There follows a report of the construction and administration of an interest inventory for secondary-school boys. A \\

J. W. M. Rothney

1937-01-01

260

Computer Use by Secondary School Principals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was firstly to identify the extent to which Iranian secondary school principals used computers and secondly to explore the relationship between a number of variables related to the use of information and communications technology (ICT). Findings indicated that four factors played a role in explaining the level of computer…

Afshari, Mojgan; Bakar, Kamariah Abu; Luan, Wong Su; Afshari, Marjan; Fooi, Foo Say; Samah, Bahaman Abu

2010-01-01

261

Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

262

Nuclear Arms Education in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The conference-based report is designed to help secondary school educators with the difficult and important task of deciding how and what to teach about nuclear arms and national security. The booklet intends to build a rationale and to develop a context or framework to assist in selecting approaches, teaching strategies, and appropriate materials…

Stanley Foundation, Muscatine, IA.

263

Ideas for Secondary School Physical Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book contains descriptions of secondary school physical education programs. The programs described fall into the following categories: (1) career/leadership programs, (2) contract/individualized instruction programs, (3) elective physical education programs, (4) motivational programs, (5) outdoor/environmental programs, (6)…

Barry, Patricia E., Ed.

264

Modern Physics In Brazilian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current work reports a research that aimed to update the curriculum for the teaching of Physics. Topics from modern and contemporaneous theories are generally put aside in secondary school classes, for both course programs and formal university background designed to teachers of Physics focus on classic topics. We present the results of some…

Pietrocola, Mauricio

2005-01-01

265

Using the Internet in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides practical information for secondary school teachers on using the Internet to enhance learning. The first chapter looks at how to make the best use of a World Wide Web browser, gives some general tips for using the Web, and examines more advanced topics such as downloading, plug-ins, and using the Web "offline." Tips on searching…

De Cicco, Eta; Farmer, Mike; Hargrave, James

266

Online Catalogs in Secondary School Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer/automated catalogs have been in use in secondary schools for some time and have numerous advantages. A public access catalog (PAC) allows networking with other libraries, use of the Boolean search function, and the retrieval of bibliographic citations from a variety of access points. Moreover, PAC's have recently become more user…

Smith, Donald R.

267

Teaching about Korea in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

Van Decar, Patricia

1988-01-01

268

Are Secondary Schools Spending Enough on Books?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Evidence is provided to illustrate that the current level of spending on books by English secondary schools is low with regard to maintaining existing book stocks and that parental expenditure is not making up the shortfall. An analysis of the inspection regime suggests a tendency to emphasise information and communications technology (ICT) to the…

Hurd, Steve; Mangan, Jean; Adnett, Nick

2005-01-01

269

Secondary School Curriculum Guide: Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cranston Secondary School Curriculum Guide (9-12) for Industrial Arts is intended to serve as a resource for teachers, students, department chairman, guidance personnel, curriculum planners, and others involved in present or future curriculum planning. At least one broadly stated major objective is provided for each section, encompassing the…

Cranston School Dept., RI.

270

Teaching about Japan in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Suggests that a good starting point for social studies curriculum units on Japan at the secondary school level is an analysis of the interrelationships between Japan and the United States. Information is presented on population figures, industrialization, standard of living indicators, consumer price indexes, and crude birth and death rates for…

Richardson, Helen W.

1981-01-01

271

Engaging Secondary School Students in Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "lifelong learning" orientation to education is seen as vital if young people are to thrive in the knowledge rich, constantly-changing world of today and the immediate future. This study identifies ways that the foundations for lifelong learning can be built in secondary schools. "Lifelong Learning" is interpreted as engaging people with…

Bryce, Jennifer; Withers, Graeme

2003-01-01

272

Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

2010-01-01

273

Building Bridges between Primary and Secondary Science for Children and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors introduce the Improving Science Together (IST) project (2000-2002), funded by the AstraZeneca Science Teaching Trust. The project was a partnership between 20 primary and 4 secondary schools in Bristol and South Gloucestershire, LEA advisory staff, BAE Systems, and the primary science team at Bath Spa University…

McMahon, Kendra; Davies, Dan

2003-01-01

274

Equity and what secondary science teachers bring to the classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demographics of people working in science-based careers do not match the demographics of the larger society. In particular, people who self-identify as Hispanic are underrepresented among working scientists. One reason may be the influence of formal schooling and more specifically, the behaviors of teachers in secondary science classrooms. This study looks at the practices of eight secondary science teachers at two schools at which 62% of the enrolled students declare their ethnicity as Hispanic. All of the teachers have at least three years of experience. Through interviews with the teachers, classroom observation, and interviews with other faculty, this research elucidates typical behaviors and attitudes surrounding teaching science in these settings. In spite of having a deficit view of their students, they all express interest in and concern about the students they teach. Their characterizations of teaching practices and classroom behaviors do not incorporate strategies designed to promote content learning through culturally relevant curriculum. Instead, they use mainstream-situated approaches that develop science content knowledge, vocabulary, procedures, and skills targeted toward high achievement on state and district standardized tests leading toward graduation or success in college. These approaches are consistent with a view of equity that increases the participation of underrepresented groups in science based careers in that it gives students the skills and knowledge they will need in order to successfully pursue these careers. Additionally, they behave in ways that are consistent with equitable strategies such as using inquiry based teaching, serving as role models, and providing a structured learning environment. This research informs the literature base for instructional systems designers by identifying what that teachers situated in culturally diverse classrooms bring to professional development programs targeted toward making secondary science teaching more equitable.

Austin, Barbara Anne

275

Individual and Collective Leadership in School Science Departments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given that the subject department is recognised by subject specialist teachers as the central and immediate unit of organization in secondary schools it is surprising that so little attention has been paid by researchers to the leadership dynamics within science departments. The leadership dynamics within the science departments of two…

Ritchie, Stephen M.; Mackay, Gail; Rigano, Donna L.

2006-01-01

276

Meteorology and Climate Inspire Secondary Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its National Science and Engineering Week activities in 2009 and 2010, the University of Reading organised two open days for 60 local key stage 4 pupils. The theme of both open days was "How do we predict weather and climate?" Making use of the students' familiarity with weather and climate, several concepts of relevance to secondary

Charlton-Perez, Andrew; Dacre, Helen; Maskell, Kathy; Reynolds, Ross; South, Rachel; Wood, Curtis

2010-01-01

277

Questioning Profiles in Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we are concerned with the role of both teachers and students' questioning in classroom interaction. Bearing in mind that the current guidelines point out to student centred teaching, our aim is to analyse and characterise the questioning patterns of contemporary secondary science classes and compare them to the questioning profiles…

Almeida, Patricia; de Souza, Francisle Neri

2010-01-01

278

Home Culture, Science, School and Science Learning: Is Reconciliation Possible?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to Meyer and Crawford's article on how nature of science and authentic science inquiry strategies can be used to support the learning of science for underrepresented students, I explore the possibly of reconciliation between the cultures of school, science, school science as well as home. Such reconciliation is only possible when…

Tan, Aik-Ling

2011-01-01

279

Recent trends in secondary science education in New Jersey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article compares the results of two surveys sent to New Jersey science supervisors in 1978 and 1982 regarding the status of secondary science education in their schools. It discusses trends that have developed during the four-year period and compares them to national trends revealed in recent studies. The comparison shows that New Jersey faces many of the same problems in science education found across the country. Instruction time in science, double laboratory periods, and the use of national curriculum studies have all declined. Respondents also reported a marked increase in the number of science teachers leaving the classroom for jobs in business and industry. The recruiting of qualified teachers was a difficult task and over 9% of the public schools reported having to use teachers with emergency certification in science to meet their staffing requirements. Difficulties in using staff effectively, in obtaining adequate financial support, and in providing professional development programs were the major concerns of science supervisors.Received: 12 April 1983

Sousa, David

280

Middle School Science Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlined are 10 experiments, demonstrations, and helpful hints for elementary science classes utilizing common, inexpensive materials. Topics include mixing colored lights, detergents, weightlessness, solar energy, and hydrogen gas. (SL)

School Science Review, 1976

1976-01-01

281

Evaluation of the Effects of Medium of Instruction on the Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Performance on the Science Achievement Test.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the effects of a new Hong Kong policy requiring Chinese as the language of instruction on secondary students' learning of science. Science achievement test scores at 100 secondary schools indicate that previous use of English to teach science may have hampered students' ability to grasp material due to the high-level thinking…

Yip, Din Yan; Tsang, Wing Kwong; Cheung, Sin Pui

2003-01-01

282

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses indoor rocketry and use of a vivid model of human birth. Also discusses information (momentum/force) indicating how a motorcycle can be driven up around the increasing slope of an elliptical path, a food testing worksheet, and a worksheet on light for upper elementary/lower middle school students. Includes sample worksheets. (Author/JN)

School Science Review, 1982

1982-01-01

283

Smoking Intensity among Nigerian Secondary Schools Adolescent Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined smoking intensity among secondary school adolescent smokers. A total of 800 students, made up of 685 males and 115 females who have at least tasted a cigarette once, from twenty secondary schools (5 private and 15 public secondary schools) in Benin City, Nigeria participated in the study. A questionnaire was used in collecting…

Imhonde, Henry O.; Aluede, Oyaziwo

2007-01-01

284

Faith Schools, Social Capital and Academic Attainment: Evidence from TIMSS-R Mathematics Scores in Flemish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social capital theory, recent developments in the theory of identity and a small econometric literature all suggest positive attainment effects from faith schooling. To test this hypothesis, the authors use a unique data set on Flemish secondary school students from the 1999 repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study to…

Pugh, Geoff; Telhaj, Shqiponje

2008-01-01

285

Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Alabama A and M University Elementary and Middle School Science Improvement Project (Project SIP) was instituted to improve the science knowledge of elementary and middle school teachers using the experimental or hands-on approach. Summer workshops we...

S. Y. Mcguire

1989-01-01

286

Connecting university science experiences to middle school science teaching  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Science teachers naturally rely on their university science experiences as a foundation for teaching middle school science.\\u000a This foundation consists of knowledge far too complex for the middle level students to comprehend. In order for middle school\\u000a science teachers to utilize their university science training they must search for ways to adapt their college experiences\\u000a into appropriate middle school learning

Gordon Johnson; Laura Laughran; Ray Tamppari; Perry Thomas

1991-01-01

287

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a variety of laboratory procedures, discussions, and demonstrations including centripedal force apparatus, model ear drum, hot air balloons, air as a real substance, centering a ball, simple test tube rack, demonstration fire extinguisher, pin-hole camera, and guidelines for early primary science education (5-10 years) concepts and lesson…

School Science Review, 1981

1981-01-01

288

Middle School Science Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes methods for using harmonographs in demonstrating motion of pendulums, constructing an electrostatic "bell," inverting mirror images, demonstrating the corrosion rate of steel, demonstrating expansion, studying rate of reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid, using matchboxes in science for containers, problem boxes, building…

School Science Review, 1977

1977-01-01

289

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes construction and use of pivots for science equipment and a pin-hole camera (made out of newspaper) for observing solar eclipses. Also describes a method for displaying spectra with a raybox and modification/use of a one-shot submarine (used in floating/sinking activities). (JN)

School Science Review, 1983

1983-01-01

290

Science Teacher Learning of MBL-Supported Student-Centered Science Education in the Context of Secondary Education in Tanzania  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Science teachers from secondary schools in Tanzania were offered an in-service arrangement to prepare them for the integration of technology in a student-centered approach to science teaching. The in-service arrangement consisted of workshops in which educative curriculum materials were used to prepare teachers for student-centered education and…

Voogt, Joke; Tilya, Frank; van den Akker, Jan

2009-01-01

291

Factors Associated with Student Mobility in Nigerian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was designed to find out why secondary school students changed schools, the trends and the frequency of change of school among them. The data was collected by means of a set of questionnaires administered to 251 final-year students who had moved from one school to another in the course of their secondary education. Analysis showed that…

Ejieh, Michael U. C.

2004-01-01

292

Health Rights in Secondary Schools: Student and Staff Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines the perspectives of secondary school students and staff about the extent to which young people's health rights are catered for at school. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the concept of Health-Promoting Schools encourage the provision of healthy school environments. A postal survey of secondary

Smith, Anne B.; Gaffney, Michael; Nairn, Karen

2004-01-01

293

Integrating Astronomy into High School Science Courses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although many states include astronomy standards at a high school level, teachers, schools, and school districts, often struggle to find a way to address these standards. The typical high school science sequence of Biology-Chemistry-Physics leaves little place for Astronomy, except perhaps as an elective class. Yet, if the revised New Jersey Science Standards are any indication, Astronomy could become an

Theresa R. Moody; W. van der Veen; E. Drobnes; A. Littleton

2010-01-01

294

Science Fairs in Elementary School. ERIC Digest.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This digest presents a summary discussion of the value of holding science fairs in the elementary school context. Reasons for conducting science fairs for elementary students are discussed in terms of several learning theories. Developmentally appropriate types of elementary science projects are suggested. Goals for elementary school science fairs…

Balas, Andrea K.

295

Local school policies increase physical activity in Norwegian secondary schools  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY The implementation of school policies to support the adoption of physical activity is one of the main strategies recommended to increase physical activity levels among this age group. However, documentation of the effect of such policies is so far limited. The purpose of this study was to explore policy-related practices to support physical activity in Norwegian secondary schools and their association with recess physical activity. Emphasis was given to examine the association between policies and physical activity, over and beyond, individual level interests and environmental factors and to examine cross-level interaction effects. This cross-sectional study was based on a nationally representative sample of Norwegian secondary schools and grade 8 students who participated in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) 2005/06 study. The final sample comprised 68 schools and 1347 students. Data were collected through questionnaires. The results showed that schools with a written policy for physical activity and schools offering organized non-curricular physical activity several times a week had a higher proportion of students reporting daily participation in recess physical activity. Multilevel logistic regression analysis demonstrated a cross-level main effect of the policy index after controlling for sex, socio-economic status, individual-level interests and the physical environment. A significant contribution of adding the policy index to the prediction of recess physical activity above that provided by the individual-level interests and the physical environment was demonstrated. The results are encouraging and give scientific support to policy documents recommending the implementation of school policies to increase physical activity.

Haug, Ellen; Torsheim, Torbj?rn; Samdal, Oddrun

2010-01-01

296

Effectiveness of Secondary Family and Consumer Sciences Programs (1985-2004)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article highlights results of a review of available literature (1985 to 2004) to substantiate the effectiveness of family and consumer sciences (FCS) secondary-level public school programs. Commissioned by AAFCS, the study found limited research-based evidence supporting the impact of secondary FCS programs. In addition to recommending more…

Browne, Lorna B.; Myers, Lori; Gentzler, Yvonne S.; Hausafus, Cheryl O.

2006-01-01

297

Science Sampler: School yard geology  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

"Can we break rocks again today?" This statement is typical of the excitement students show for identifying rock types after they apply their rock identification knowledge to the geology in the school yard. Many school yards, although bulldozed during construction, still exhibit telling outcrops of the underlying bedrock. Armed with a few materials, you can discover what is just outside your door while modeling the joy of doing science. This activity fits into the curriculum after the rock cycle and igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock identification labs.

Hagberg, Beverly; Sterling, Donna R.

2008-12-01

298

Medication Management in Primary and Secondary Schools  

PubMed Central

Objectives To identify whether and how pharmacy faculty members are addressing the issue of medication management in primary or secondary schools in their teaching, research, and service activities, and to ascertain the extent to which they think the issue is an important one. Methods Four hundred ninety-nine faculty members completed a questionnaire inquiring about the research, teaching, and service activities in which they participated that related to medication management in schools. Results Only 33 subjects (6.6%) addressed the topic of medication management in schools in their courses; only 13 (2.6%) conducted research on the topic; and only 30 (6%) were involved in service in this area. On the other hand, 432 respondents (86.6%) believed that the issue of medication management in schools was either somewhat or extremely important. Conclusions There is a large gap between the number of subjects that think medication management in schools is an important topic and the number who actually include the topic in teaching, research, and or service.

Reutzel, Thomas; Watkins, Melissa

2006-01-01

299

Peer Mentoring in the Development of Beginning Secondary Science Teachers: Three Case Studies  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study, the researchers examined the effectiveness of a reflective model of peer mentoring in the professional growth of early-career science teachers. The study was carried out over one academic year with three beginning secondary science teachers. The public school teachers in this study reported that participation in peer mentoring…

Forbes, Cory T.

2004-01-01

300

Mathematical Modelling at Secondary School: The MACSI-Clongowes Wood College Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Ireland, to encourage the study of STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects and particularly mathematics, the Mathematics Applications Consortium for Science and Industry (MACSI) and Clongowes Wood College (County Kildare, Ireland) organized a mathematical modelling workshop for senior cycle secondary school students.…

Charpin, J. P. F.; O'Hara, S.; Mackey, D.

2013-01-01

301

Design and Implementation of a Genomics Field Trip Program Aimed at Secondary School Students  

PubMed Central

With the rapid pace of advancements in biological research brought about by the application of computer science and information technology, we believe the time is right for introducing genomics and bioinformatics tools and concepts to secondary school students. Our approach has been to offer a full-day field trip in our research facility where secondary school students carry out experiments at the laboratory bench and on a laptop computer. This experience offers benefits for students, teachers, and field trip instructors. In delivering a wide variety of science outreach and education programs, we have learned that a number of factors contribute to designing a successful experience for secondary school students. First, it is important to engage students with authentic and fun activities that are linked to real-world applications and/or research questions. Second, connecting with a local high school teacher to pilot programs and linking to curricula taught in secondary schools will enrich the field trip experience. Whether or not programs are linked directly to local teachers, it is important to be flexible and build in mechanisms for collecting feedback in field trip programs. Finally, graduate students can be very powerful mentors for students and should be encouraged to share their enthusiasm for science and to talk about career paths. Our experiences suggest a real need for effective science outreach programs at the secondary school level and that genomics and bioinformatics are ideal areas to explore.

Fox, Joanne A.

2012-01-01

302

Design and implementation of a genomics field trip program aimed at secondary school students.  

PubMed

With the rapid pace of advancements in biological research brought about by the application of computer science and information technology, we believe the time is right for introducing genomics and bioinformatics tools and concepts to secondary school students. Our approach has been to offer a full-day field trip in our research facility where secondary school students carry out experiments at the laboratory bench and on a laptop computer. This experience offers benefits for students, teachers, and field trip instructors. In delivering a wide variety of science outreach and education programs, we have learned that a number of factors contribute to designing a successful experience for secondary school students. First, it is important to engage students with authentic and fun activities that are linked to real-world applications and/or research questions. Second, connecting with a local high school teacher to pilot programs and linking to curricula taught in secondary schools will enrich the field trip experience. Whether or not programs are linked directly to local teachers, it is important to be flexible and build in mechanisms for collecting feedback in field trip programs. Finally, graduate students can be very powerful mentors for students and should be encouraged to share their enthusiasm for science and to talk about career paths. Our experiences suggest a real need for effective science outreach programs at the secondary school level and that genomics and bioinformatics are ideal areas to explore. PMID:22956895

McQueen, Jennifer; Wright, Jody J; Fox, Joanne A

2012-01-01

303

The State of Music in Secondary Schools: The Principal's Perspective  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to profile secondary school music programs in the United States and investigate principals' perceptions of those curricula. A survey form was sent to 1,000 secondary school principals, yielding a 54% response rate. That form was designed to answer the following questions: What is the profile of secondary music programs in the United States? How

Carlos R. Abril; Brent M. Gault

2008-01-01

304

Senior Secondary School Children's Understanding of Plant Nutrition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to assess children's understanding of plant nutrition. The research was done on a sample of secondary school pupils in the age range of 16 to 19 years in two senior secondary schools in Botswana. The sample contained 137 senior secondary pupils all in their final year of study. These children were above average…

Mosothwane, Modise

2011-01-01

305

The State of Music in Secondary Schools: The Principal's Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to profile secondary school music programs in the United States and investigate principals' perceptions of those curricula. A survey form was sent to 1,000 secondary school principals, yielding a 54% response rate. That form was designed to answer the following questions: What is the profile of secondary music…

Abril, Carlos R.; Gault, Brent M.

2008-01-01

306

Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

Villaverde, Leila E.

307

Influences of block scheduling on secondary science teaching practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing the length of class periods has become one of the most frequently implemented recommendations from the secondary school restructuring movement. Many schools have changed to a block schedule in which the students have four 90--100 minute periods each day. The needs of science classes, such as time to set up and perform lab experiments, suggest the block schedule may be particularly appropriate for science. A case study design was used to explore the instructional and attitudinal changes that accompany the restructuring of the daily schedule. Classroom observations were conducted before and after the implementation of block scheduling to document the student-teacher interactions and the instructional strategies used by the science teachers. Teacher and student surveys were administered to obtain information about attitudes towards the block schedule as well as self-reported instructional strategies. Interviews were conducted to elicit beliefs about good teaching practices. Changes in instructional strategies and learning climate were considered within the context of teacher beliefs, state standards, and the organizational change to the school schedule. The results support other studies that have found positive attitudes toward block scheduling. Teachers in this study changed their instructional strategies, although not necessarily in line with the theorized changes. In several instances, the changes were closely aligned with the teachers' beliefs about good science instruction. Test scores and grades were not strongly influenced. Teachers met more of the state science standards and spent more time interacting with small groups during the block schedule. The results suggest teachers' beliefs about good teaching practice play an important role in the influences of restructuring efforts. The block schedule, preferred by teachers, provides an opportunity for improvement in science instruction and learning climate. How this popular form of restructuring manifests itself at the classroom level is largely a function of the individual teacher. Practical implications can be used to guide teachers and administrators in making scheduling decisions. Theoretical implications based on increased knowledge of teacher change emerge from the results. This study adds to the literature on the relationships among teacher beliefs, practices, and the process of organizational change in secondary school restructuring efforts.

Ross, Donna Louise

308

Parents' Views on Mixed and Single-Sex Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on two studies of British parental attitudes toward coeducational and single-sex secondary schools. Finds few differences between the parents of primary school girls and boys who will attend secondary schools in the future. Also finds a large majority of boys' parents believe that social advantages accrue for boys educated with girls. (CFR)

West, Anne; Hunter, Jay

1993-01-01

309

The Relationship between Stress and Bullying among Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…

Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan

2009-01-01

310

EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR THE SECONDARY SCHOOLS OF MADISON.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS DOCUMENT OUTLINES THE EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR NEW SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANTS FOR THE MADISON, WISCONSIN SCHOOL DISTRICT. THE PHILOSOPHY OF THE DISTRICT IS OUTLINED AND RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESSES OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL WHICH INCLUDES TEACHER-DIRECTED ACTIVITIES AND INDIVIDUAL STUDY PROVISIONS. IT RELATES OBJECTIVES AND GOALS TO…

GILBERTS, ROBERT D.

311

On the Allocation of Resources for Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the optimal allocation of resources--in terms of school management, teachers, supporting employees and materials--in secondary schools. We use a flexible budget constrained output distance function model to estimate both technical and allocative efficiency scores for 448 Dutch secondary schools between 2002 and 2007. The results…

Haelermans, Carla; De Witte, Kristof; Blank, Jos L. T.

2012-01-01

312

The Performance of Portuguese Secondary Schools: An Exploratory Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to measure and compare the performance of Portuguese secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: Some data on the schools were collected via an electronic questionnaire sent to 103 secondary schools of the centre region of Portugal; other needed data were available through the Centre Regional Education…

Sarrico, Claudia S.; Rosa, Maria J.; Coelho, Ines P.

2010-01-01

313

Secondary school physics availability in an urban setting: Issues related to academic achievement and course offerings  

Microsoft Academic Search

High school physics is a gateway course for post-secondary study in science, and an essential component in the formation of students' scientific literacy. The opportunity to study physics is not universally available for children in U.S. schools, particularly in urban areas. Restricted science opportunities result in inequitable participation and a barrier to future participation in STEM-related fields. Although the national

Angela M. Kelly; Keith Sheppard

2009-01-01

314

Informal Learning at School. Science Fairs in Basic Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

The work herein reports on the implementation of science fairs in a systematic way in basic schools. In particular we will present the second edition of the annual Science Fair at basic school Externato Maria Auxiliadora, in Viana do Castelo, Portugal, focusing on the evolution advised by the evaluation of the previous edition of the science fair. We will stress

Zita Esteves; Andreia Cabral; Manuel F. M. Costa

315

Achievement Goals and School Achievement: The Transition to Different School Tracks in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the transition from elementary school to secondary school, in Germany, students are assigned to different school tracks, academic or non-academic, that differ markedly in compositional and institutional characteristics, e.g., the level of cognitive activation and performance standards are higher in academic tracks than in non-academic…

Paulick, Isabell; Watermann, Rainer; Nuckles, Matthias

2013-01-01

316

Improving Primary Science: Schools Experience of Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides insight into a school's experience of improving its science with the School Innovation in Science (SIS) project. Describes major elements and critical parts of the SIS project. Discusses outcomes of the project in primary schools, teachers' open responses from the component mapping survey, and understanding the change process. (KHR)

Tytler, Russell; Waldrip, Bruce

2002-01-01

317

Eye and Face Protection in School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Choosing what eye and face protection to provide for the high school science laboratory is often a challenge. Science teachers and school administrators may not fully understand the relevant safety regulations and standards or be able to correctly identify the various types of eye protection devices. Although some schools have received training…

Kaufman, Jim

2006-01-01

318

Challenging traditional assumptions of secondary science through the PET curriculum  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This study seeks to illustrate aspects of a physics classroom experience in an underserved high school through the perspective of the students. This context was chosen with the intent of determining factors that lead to successful secondary physics education outcomes for populations historically underrepresented in STEM. Two class periods of physics were observed and interviewed in an urban high school while using the Physics and Everyday Thinking (PET) curriculum. Findings indicate that students came to value and positively identify with the activities of physics through instruction that fosters a more dignified student experience than traditional approaches. Specifically, this experience was characterized by the valuing of studentsâ naïve and developing understandings and shifting the authority for validating science knowledge from the instructor to laboratory evidence and social consensus.

Ross, Michael J.; Otero, Valerie K.

2013-07-18

319

Challenging traditional assumptions of secondary science through the PET curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study seeks to illustrate aspects of a physics classroom experience in an underserved high school through the perspective of the students. This context was chosen with the intent of determining factors that lead to successful secondary physics education outcomes for populations historically underrepresented in STEM. Two class periods of physics were observed and interviewed in an urban high school while using the Physics and Everyday Thinking (PET) curriculum. Findings indicate that students came to value and positively identify with the activities of physics through instruction that fosters a more dignified student experience than traditional approaches. Specifically, this experience was characterized by the valuing of students' naïve and developing understandings and shifting the authority for validating science knowledge from the instructor to laboratory evidence and social consensus.

Ross, Mike; Otero, Valerie

2013-01-01

320

Secondary school athletes: a study of mouthguards.  

PubMed Central

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of mouthguard awareness and use, as well as the amount and type of oro-facial trauma associated with and without mouthguard wear in adolescent Nigerian athletes. A 13-item self-completion questionnaire was completed and returned by 1,127 secondary school athletes (completion rate of 93.9%) comprising 683 (60.6%) males and 444 (39.4%) females ranging in age from 12- to 19 years (mean age 15.18+/-2.97 SD). The athletes were randomly drawn from 23 secondary schools located in different parts of Ibadan city in Nigeria. Sixty-five-and-a-third percent of the athletes professed awareness of the need for mouthguards for sports, but only 19.6% claimed usage of the device. Thirty-four-and-a-half percent of the athletes reported having sustained one form of oro-facial injury or the other previously. The prevalence of oro-facial injuries was significantly lower while wearing a mouthguard (p<0.05), and most of the injuries occurred during contact sports. The study supports the need for the enforcement of mandatory mouthguard use in contact sports. Images Figure 1

Onyeaso, Chukwudi Ochi

2004-01-01

321

A smooth trajectory: Developing continuity and progression between primary and secondary science education through a jointly-planned projectiles project  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article reports on findings from a two-year project--'Improving Science Together'--undertaken in 20 primary and four secondary schools in and around Bristol, UK. The project was funded by the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca PLC as part of their national Science Teaching Trust initiative, and had as one of its aims the development of cross-phase liaison between secondary school science departments and their feeder primary schools. Our findings suggest that, as a result of joint planning and implementation of a bridging unit, there had been an increase in the secondary school teachers' understanding of both the range of the science curriculum covered in primary schools and pupils' levels of attainment in the procedures of scientific enquiry. There was also evidence that transfer assessment information was informing planning and that pupils were experiencing greater continuity in their science education.

Davies, Dan; McMahon, Kendra

2004-08-01

322

Impacting Marion City Schools' science program  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ohio Department of Education has funded an innovative program that targets all middle school science teachers in the Marion City Schools. There is one consolidated middle school, Grant Middle School, in Marion. All the teachers have opted into a program to increase inquiry teaching. I will give the background and indicate how teachers are responding.

Aubrecht, Gordon

2009-04-01

323

Gypsum: A School-Industry Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the British Gypsum, a school-industry science project, designed to link the school with local industry. Teaching strategy, some experiments, and evaluation of the project are also included. (HM)

May, P. F.; And Others

1980-01-01

324

Violence Prevention in United States Society of Jesus Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a representative number of Society of Jesus secondary schools, the researcher reports what these schools are doing to prevent violence, and tests an explanatory model of school violence he created. The researcher proposes that this model can be used to explain and prevent school violence by identifying and addressing the…

Simonds, Thomas Andrew

2009-01-01

325

Comparison of a traditional and an inclusive secondary school culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research methods were used to conduct case studies of two secondary schools in Australia, focusing on the provision of support for students with different learning needs. Interview data were used to report differences in collective beliefs, values and descriptions of school practice that foster two contrasting school cultures. One of these school cultures is described as more inclusive and

Suzanne Carrington; John Elkins

2002-01-01

326

Instructional Leadership in Eight Secondary Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined instructional leadership in eight diverse secondary schools in four urban, suburban, and small-city school districts in one western state. The aim was to gain access to a set of schools that provided both variety in instructional leadership and diversity in school size, organization, grade level, faculty and student…

Bird, Thomas D.; Little, Judith Warren

327

Chicago's Private Elementary and Secondary Schools: Enrollment Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…

Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.

328

Recruiting Science Majors into Secondary Science Teaching: Paid Internships in Informal Science Settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the importance of recruiting highly qualified individuals into the science teaching profession, little is known about the effectiveness of particular recruitment strategies. Over 3 years, 34 college science majors and undecided students were recruited into paid internships in informal science settings to consider secondary science teaching as a career. Analysis of interns' subsequent career plans revealed the internships were not effective in recruiting the interns into the secondary science teacher education program, although many interns thought they might consider becoming teachers later in their lives. Reasons for not pursuing teaching included continued indecisiveness, inflexibility of required plans of study, and concerns about teachers' pay and classroom management.

Worsham, Heather M.; Friedrichsen, Patricia; Soucie, Marilyn; Barnett, Ellen; Akiba, Motoko

2014-02-01

329

School Sports Opportunities Influence Physical Activity in Secondary School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…

Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer

2011-01-01

330

Resources for Teaching Elementary School Science.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Selecting resources to teach elementary school science can be confusing and difficult, but few decisions have greater impact on the effectiveness of science teaching. Educators will find a wealth of information and expert guidance to meet this need in thi...

1996-01-01

331

School Records and Students' Academic Performance in llorin West Local Government Secondary Schools of Kwara State  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study investigates the effects of school records on students academic performance in llorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State. Ten secondary schools were used as sample Stratified-sampling technique was employed to choose the schools. Out of the ten schools, six fall into schools without adequate records while the remaining four fall into schools with adequate records. Two thousand

N. B. Oyedeji

332

Science school and culture school: improving the efficiency of high school science teaching in a system of mass science education.  

PubMed

Educational expansion in western countries has been achieved mainly by adding years to full-time education; however, this process has probably reduced efficiency. Sooner or later, efficiency must improve, with a greater educational attainment per year. Future societies will probably wish more people to study science throughout high school (aged c. 11-19 years) and the first college degree. 'Science' may be defined as any abstract, systematic and research-based discipline: including mathematics, statistics and the natural sciences, economics, music theory, linguistics, and the conceptual or quantitative social sciences. Since formal teaching is usually necessary to learn science, science education should be regarded as the core function of high schools. One standard way to improve efficiency is the 'division of labour', with increased specialization of function. Modern schools are already specialized: teachers are specialized according to age-group taught, subject matter expertise, and administrative responsibilities. School students are stratified by age and academic aptitude. I propose a further institutional division of school function between science education, and cultural education (including education in arts, sports, ethics, social interaction and good citizenship). Existing schools might split into 'science school' and 'culture school', reflected in distinct buildings and zones, separate administrative structures, and the recruitment of differently-specialized teaching personnel. Science school would be distinguished by its focus on education in disciplines which promote abstract systematic cognition. All students would spend some part of each day (how much would depend on their aptitude and motivation) in the 'science school'; experiencing a traditional-style, didactic, disciplined and rigorous academic education. The remainder of the students' time at school would be spent in the cultural division, which would focus on broader aspects, and aim to generate a more rounded and social individual. For this to happen depends upon a recognition that science is relatively difficult to teach, requiring non-spontaneous and un-natural cognitive processes from students. Furthermore, it is much easier to learn science when young--if science is missed at school, it can be difficult or impossible to make up the ground later. Modern schools currently try to do too many things, and end-up doing none very well: the one big thing all schools should do for all students is to teach them science. For this to happen, schools need to specialize in their core function. PMID:16517090

Charlton, Bruce G

2006-01-01

333

The Influence of Personal Characteristics on Secondary School Teachers' Beliefs about School Guidance and Counselling Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigated how personal characteristics of secondary school teachers influence their beliefs about their school guidance and counselling programs. Two hundred and sixteen senior secondary school teachers responded to the "Teachers Beliefs about School Guidance and Counselling Programs Inventory (TBSG &CI)". When teachers' opinion…

Aluede, Oyaziwo; Egbochuku, ELizabeth

2007-01-01

334

Elementary school teachers and successful science fairs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this research was to examine the knowledge, skills and attitudes of elementary school teachers who have led their students to successful experiences in science fairs. Six research questions guided the study: (1) What knowledge, skills and attitudes do the five selected elementary school teachers draw upon to enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? (2) How do the five selected elementary school teachers enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? (3) Why are the five selected elementary school teachers capable of enabling their students to have a successful science fair experience? (4) How do the knowledge, skills and attitudes of the five selected elementary school teachers compare to the knowledge, skills and attitudes that the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996) recommend for science teachers? (5) What are the commonalities in the knowledge, skills and attitudes among the five selected elementary school teachers who enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? (6) What are the differences in the knowledge, skills and attitudes among the five selected elementary school teachers who enable their students to have a successful science fair experience? A qualitative multiple-case research design was used to focus on five elementary school teachers who have a history of leading their students to successful experiences in science fairs. Data sources included classroom observations, formal and informal interviews, focus groups, science fair visitations and perusal of documents related to the teachers' science fair preparation of their students. In addition, questionnaires were given to the teachers and their students assessing their views about science and science fairs. A cross-case analysis revealed that the teachers had become knowledgeable about science fairs and science by non-traditional means including attending staff development workshops, traveling and reading about science and science fairs. Their practice matched well with the National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, 1996). All of the teachers displayed positive attitudes toward science and science fairs. There appeared to be a relationship between completing a science fair project at school and very positive attitudes toward science fairs and science. The five teachers had more commonalities than differences in their knowledge base, their skills and their attitudes.

Cook, Helen Mounce

335

Developing Options for Managing NSF's (National Science Foundation's) Middle School Science Education Programs. Final Report.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: The goals of middle school science education; Problems in middle school science education; NSF's Directorate for science and engineering education; Alternative NSF/SEE approaches for improving middle school science curriculum and instruction; Al...

I. R. Weiss

1986-01-01

336

The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

Pfleger, Margo

337

Attitude toward Democracy in Pakistan: Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers' perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore…

Sarwar, Muhammad; Yousuf, Muhammad Imran; Hussain, Shafqat

2010-01-01

338

Secondary School Success for Students with Asperger's Syndrome  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many students approach the transition to secondary school with feelings of both excitement and apprehension, but it is excitement that usually prevails. For students with Asperger's Syndrome, however, those aspects of secondary school that most students anticipate with great enthusiasm, such as being in a new and larger environment, having…

Konza, Deslea

2005-01-01

339

Secondary School Students: Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs Resource Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This resource guide contains a list of materials on drug and alcohol prevention for secondary school students. The information is divided into three sections: (1) prevention materials, including information on inhalants, AIDS, sports and drugs, and sex and alcohol; (2) studies, articles, and reports on secondary school students, including…

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (DHHS/PHS), Rockville, MD. Center for Substance Abuse Prevention.

340

Applying a Knowledge Management Taxonomy to Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…

Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy

2012-01-01

341

Recognising Language Impairment in Secondary School Student Populations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Up to 16% of students in mainstream secondary schools present with language impairment (LI). As with other learning difficulties, students with LI experience many academic, social, emotional and behavioral problems. Associated presenting behaviors may, however, be masking the primary language impairment. As a result, secondary school students with…

Starling, Julia; Munro, Natalie; Togher, Leanne; Arciuli, Joanne

2011-01-01

342

Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools

Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

2004-01-01

343

Secondary Public School Teachers' Perceptions about Organizational Justice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present study is to determine secondary public school teachers' perceptions about organizational justice and whether these perceptions differ across gender, age, seniority, branch, educational background, the number of students and the number of teachers. The participants of the study consisted of 222 secondary public school

Yilmaz, Kursad

2010-01-01

344

SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY. FINAL REPORT.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THIS SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS CURRICULUM IMPROVEMENT STUDY GROUP (SSMCIS), COMPOSED OF BOTH AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN EDUCATORS, WAS GUIDED BY TWO MAIN OBJECTIVES--(1) TO CONSTRUCT AND EVALUATE A UNIFIED SECONDARY SCHOOL MATHEMATICS PROGRAM FOR GRADES 7-12 THAT WOULD TAKE THE CAPABLE STUDENT WELL INTO CURRENT COLLEGE MATHEMATICS, AND (2) DETERMINE…

FEHR, HOWARD F.

345

Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report describes the planning, writing, evaluation, and results and recommendations of the Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study. This study was begun "to formulate and test a unified secondary school mathematics program (7-12) that will take capable students well into current collegiate mathematics" and to "determine the…

Fehr, Howard F.

346

Levels of Proof in Lower Secondary School Mathematics.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Establishes six levels from an inductive proof to an algebraic demonstration on the bases of three axes in lower secondary school mathematics. Examines the meanings of demonstration and proof in lower secondary school mathematics and shows the relationships between them. Illustrates the discussion with a seventh grade student's activities.…

Miyazaki, Mikio

2000-01-01

347

Design Education and the Teaching of Woodwork in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to review and, if necessary, update the curriculum, a study investigated the prevalence of problem-solving and design approaches in the teaching of woodworking courses in secondary schools in Zimbabwe. Woodworking classes in forms one and three were studied in an urban secondary school where woodworking is taught up to form four and…

Nherera, Charles M.

348

Oral business english network course design in secondary vocational school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Oral Business English is a required course for E- commerce major students of secondary vocational school. This paper describes the design of Oral Business English network course of secondary vocational school on the aspects of the general design concept, basic structure, modules design and technology application, to explore the efficient use of the various teaching resources based on websites, the

Huang Xingyun; Ou Qizhong

2011-01-01

349

Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

2010-01-01

350

Secondary School Advanced Mathematics, Chapter 3, Formal Geometry. Teacher's Commentary.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual was designed for use with the second of five texts in the Secondary School Advanced Mathematics (SSAM) series. Developed for students who have completed the Secondary School Mathematics (SSM) program and wish to continue their studies in mathematics, this series is designed to review, strengthen, and fill gaps in the material covered…

Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.

351

Secondary School Advanced Mathematics, Chapter 3, Formal Geometry. Student's Text.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This text is the second of five in the Secondary School Advanced Mathematics (SSAM) series which was designed to meet the needs of students who have completed the Secondary School Mathematics (SSM) program, and wish to continue their study of mathematics. This volume is devoted to a rigorous development of theorems in plane geometry from 22…

Stanford Univ., CA. School Mathematics Study Group.

352

Perceptions of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers towards Critical Thinking  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers’ perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their perspectives of teaching critical thinking skills in their classrooms. All

Osamah Bataineh; Khaled F. Alazzi

2009-01-01

353

Perceptions of Jordanian Secondary Schools Teachers towards Critical Thinking  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to discover themes or concepts, generated from the collected data, that formed building blocks of grounded theory in the study of secondary school social studies teachers' perspectives. This research study was conducted in Jordan, where secondary school social studies teachers were interviewed regarding their…

Bataineh, Osamah; Alazzi, Khaled F.

2009-01-01

354

Secondary School Students' Views of Inhibiting Factors in Seeking Counselling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examines secondary school students' perceptions of inhibiting factors in seeking counselling. Responses to a questionnaire completed by 1346 secondary school students were analysed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Exploratory factor analysis highlighted that within 21 pre-defined inhibiting factors, items loaded strongly on…

Chan, Stephanie; Quinn, Philip

2012-01-01

355

Educational Effects of Alternative Secondary School Tracking Regimes in Germany  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines educational outcomes of pupils selected to secondary school types by different tracking regimes in a German state: Pupils are alternatively streamed after fourth grade or after sixth grade. Regression results indicate that, estimated on the mean, there are no negative effects of later tracking on educational outcomes in the middle of secondary school. Positive effects are observed

Andrea M. Mühlenweg

2008-01-01

356

Secondary School Reading: What Research Reveals for Classroom Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Intended to help the secondary school classroom teacher make use of some of the current research related to reading instruction, this book contains reviews of the literature on the various aspects of secondary school reading. Each of the 12 chapters begins with an introduction to set the stage and ends with a conclusion to put the ideas into…

Berger, Allen, Ed.; Robinson, H. Alan, Ed.

357

Preferential Policies and Secondary School Attainment in Peninsular Malaysia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the effects of Malaysia's preferential educational policies regarding secondary school attainment for the nation's three ethnic groups. Investigates trends in gender and socioeconomic differences within each ethnic group. Finds that, over time, Malays were increasingly more likely to attain secondary school than were non-Malays. (CFR)

Pong, Suet-ling

1993-01-01

358

School Subject Departments as Sites for Science Teachers Learning Pedagogical Content Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports a study that explored science teacher learning of pedagogical content knowledge and the factors that facilitated this in their workplace, schools. The research design employed interview and observation in two secondary school science departments in England. A seven part construct of PCK was used to analyse all data and the…

McNicholl, Jane; Childs, Ann; Burn, Katharine

2013-01-01

359

Science Teacher Learning of MBL-Supported Student-Centered Science Education in the Context of Secondary Education in Tanzania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Science teachers from secondary schools in Tanzania were offered an in-service arrangement to prepare them for the integration\\u000a of technology in a student-centered approach to science teaching. The in-service arrangement consisted of workshops in which\\u000a educative curriculum materials were used to prepare teachers for student-centered education and for the use and application\\u000a of Microcomputer Based Laboratories (MBL)—a specific technology application

Joke Voogt; Frank Tilya; Jan van den Akker

2009-01-01

360

Elementary school teachers and successful science fairs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this research was to examine the knowledge, skills and attitudes of elementary school teachers who have led their students to successful experiences in science fairs. Six research questions guided the study: (1) What knowledge, skills and attitudes do the five selected elementary school teachers draw upon to enable their students to have a successful science fair experience?

Helen Mounce Cook

2003-01-01

361

Using Science Notebooks in Middle School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many middle school teachers across the United States use student science notebooks as part of their classroom instruction. Some middle school teachers have a systematic approach for their use and some do not. Many who are not using student science noteboo

Klentschy, Michael P.

2010-05-01

362

Beginning a Study in Elementary School Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several professional scientists at the University of California in Berkeley have established a collaboration with educators to study problems of science teaching in the elementary schools. The objective is to help educators prepare a scientifically and psychologically sound program for elementary school science instruction. Scientific subject matter is presented in an inductive problem-solving approach. The first year's experience with laboratory

Robert Karplus

1962-01-01

363

Science for All: Empowering Elementary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article addresses issues that are related to the empowerment of elementary teachers through teaching and learning science in socially and culturally meaningful contexts. It is based on the analysis of the attitudes and relationship to science of 10 elementary school teachers from inner city schools in Caracas, Venezuela. In the context of a…

Plonczak, Irene

2008-01-01

364

Participation in and Views Concerning Inservice Training Among High School Science and Mathematics Teachers in Israel - A Survey  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the participation of secondary school mathematics and science teachers in inservice training activities in Israel. Results indicate the majority of inservice training participation occurs during summer months with little involvement, other than reading, occurring during the school year. (SL)

Kagan, Martin H.; Tamir, Pinchas

1977-01-01

365

Building Potemkin Schools: Science Curriculum Reform in a STEM School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Potemkin schools" is used as the phrase to capture what a US science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) public speciality high school becomes as a result of its institutional branding. By way of an examination of the efforts of one teacher drawn into school branding through his "inquiry-based reform" of an Advanced Chemistry course,…

Teo, Tang Wee

2012-01-01

366

In-school and out-of-school physical activity in primary and secondary school children  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to compare in-school and out-of-school physical activity within a representative sample. Socio-demographic, physical activity, and anthropometric data were collected from a random sample of children (250 boys, 253 girls) aged 3–16 years attending nine primary and two secondary schools. Actigraph GT1M accelerometers, worn for seven days, were used to estimate physical activity levels for

Christopher J. Gidlow; Tom Cochrane; Rachel Davey; Hannah Smith

2008-01-01

367

Best Practice in Middle-School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using socio-ecological theory, this study explores best practice (educational practices correlated with higher student performance) in middle-school science. Seven schools with consistently higher student performance were compared with three demographically similar, average-performing schools. Best practice included instructional approaches…

Oliveira, Alandeom W.; Wilcox, Kristen C.; Angelis, Janet; Applebee, Arthur N.; Amodeo, Vincent; Snyder, Michele A.

2013-01-01

368

Cultural learning environment of upper secondary science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aims of this research were to validate the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire in the Brunei context and to evaluate culturally sensitive factors (gender equity, collaboration, deference, competition, teacher authority, modelling and congruence) of upper secondary students’ learning environment. The subjects of this study were 831 upper secondary science students from coeducational schools in Brunei. The data were collected by administering the Cultural Learning Environment Instrument developed by Fisher and Waldrip. Factor analysis and reliability results showed that the instrument was suitable for evaluating the six culturally sensitive factors associated with the cultural learning environment of Bruneian upper secondary students. The results also suggested that students believed both genders were treated equally in their classes. The students viewed that they were to some extent dependent learners; however, they were willing to give their independent views in their classes. The data also suggest that students perceived that they were equally cooperative and competitive. The culturally sensitive factors of the students’ cultural learning environment were not influenced by their gender, but regional variations in values for some of these factors were observed. Further research has been recommended to investigate how the students were equally cooperative and competitive, as well as what factors contributed to the regional differences.

Dhindsa, Harkirat S.

2005-05-01

369

Making the Science Literacy Connection: After-School Science Clubs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Children make discoveries spontaneously while participating in hands-on science learning experiences. The students in this study were attending an after-school science program that was organized around authentic literacy activities and hands-on science learning experiences related to the theme of wetlands. Literacy connections formed natural…

Moore-Hart, Margaret A.; Liggit, Peggy; Daisey, Peggy

2004-01-01

370

School science and citizenship: whose science and whose citizenship?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempts to link school science education with citizenship are not new. They range from the General Science movement of the first half of the last century to more recent initiatives such as 21st Century Science in the UK and ChemCom in the USA. This article reviews some of these earlier attempts, with particular reference to the UK, examines their rationale

Edgar W. Jenkins

2006-01-01

371

Secondary Schools and the Central Office: Partners for Improvement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To explore themes previously identified among successful schools from the perspective of the school district, this report organizes its discussion of the nine themes developed by T.B. Corcoran and B.L. Wilson (1986) around the role of the central office administration and the ways in which it might cooperate with schools in supporting secondary

Miller, Rima; And Others

372

Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to…

Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Van Loan, Christopher L.; Barber, Brian R.

2011-01-01

373

Administrator Perceptions of Transition Programs in International Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which transition programs are offered to students at international secondary schools. Components of professional development, orientation and departure programs, and transition support teams were examined. Participants included school administrators at 11 international schools across five continents. Findings…

Bates, Jessica

2013-01-01

374

Secondary School Leadership Practice in Botswana: Implications for Effective Training  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article analyses the views of selected headteachers on the impact of the 10-year basic education policy on the leadership skills of secondary school headteachers in Botswana. Research literature on school leadership and management in Botswana is sparse. Despite this, demands for effective leadership in schools have continued as the education…

Pheko, Bolelang

2008-01-01

375

Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform: Compendium Of Best Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), through the Immigrant Students and Secondary School Reform project, seeks to strengthen the capacity of state education agencies and districts to improve delivery of educational services to English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in high schools undergoing reform. This compendium was developed…

Spaulding, Shelley; Carolino, Barbara; Amen, Kali-Ahset; Smith; Kimberly Ball, Ed

2004-01-01

376

The Innovative Capacity of Secondary Schools: A Qualitative Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a preliminary investigation into the innovative capacities of Dutch secondary schools. Defines "innovative capacity" based on a number of factors found in a review of the literature. Finds that transformational school leadership plays a particularly crucial role in the development of the innovative capacities of schools.…

Berg, Rudolf van den; Sleegers, Peter

1996-01-01

377

The Availability and Utilization of School Library Resources in Some Selected Secondary Schools (High School) in Rivers State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the availability and utilization of school library resources by Secondary School (High School) Students. Eight Selected Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria were chosen based on their performance in external examinations and geographic locations. In carrying out the research, questionnaires were administered to both…

Owate, C. N.; Iroha, Okpa

2013-01-01

378

The efficacy beliefs of preservice science teachers in professional development school and traditional school settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers' efficacy beliefs have been shown to correlate positively with to the successful implementation of science reform measures (National Research Council, 1996) and are context specific (Koul & Rubba, 1999). Studies on teacher efficacy in specific contexts have been conducted including the availability of resources and parent support (Tschannen-Moran & Hoy, 2002), classroom management (Emmer & Hickman, 1990; Raudenbush, Rowen, & Cheong, 1992); and institutional climate and behavior of the principal (Hoy & Woolfolk, 1993). The purpose of this study was to compare the science teaching efficacy beliefs of teacher interns prepared in professional development schools with those of student teachers prepared in traditional school settings. Other variables examined included academic level, academic major, and area of science concentration. Preservice science teacher efficacy beliefs were measured using the Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Instrument for Preservice Science Teachers, STEBI Form B (Enoch & Riggs, 1990) with demographic information being collected by an accompanying questionnaire. Analyses included scoring the surveys on two scales, Personal Science Teaching Efficacy Beliefs Scale and the Outcome Expectancy Scale, calculating descriptive statistics, as well as performing MANOVAS and correlations. Results indicate that preservice science teachers working in professional development schools exhibit higher personal science teaching efficacy beliefs. This finding corroborates previous studies on the efficacy beliefs of preservice teachers working in PDS schools (Long, 1996; Sandholtz & Dadlez, 2000). Results also show a strong correlation between the personal science teaching efficacy beliefs and the setting where student teaching takes place. In addition, significant differences were found in the personal science teaching efficacy beliefs between elementary education majors and science majors, science education majors, and secondary education majors. Findings of the study have implications for the design of preservice science teacher clinical experiences including providing longer, organized clinical experiences and preferential selection of preservice science teachers for PDS practicum assignments.

Newsome, Demetria Lynn

379

Transitions in Texas: The development of secondary science curricula, 1886--1917  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation reports an exploration of one statewide case in the remarkable expansion of the American public high school in the early twentieth century. Specifically, it focuses on the curricula of early twentieth century secondary school system of the state of Texas. In particular, its development was shepherded, from 1886--1917, by the University of Texas. The vehicle was the university's program of affiliation with its approval of high schools in the state. Affiliation essentially was a system of accreditation of the state's high schools. It contributed the first systematic effort to provide guidance for the academic programs, teachers, and facilities for the state's rapidly developing high schools. A variety of social, political, and economic conditions affected the University's affiliation system. These conditions external and internal to the state constituted the formative circumstances for the development of secondary curricula in Texas. Mathematics, history, English, and Latin were the primary affiliated subjects during the late 1800's. Science offerings did not become affiliated subjects in the University of Texas affiliation program until the early 1900's. This study focused on the development and inclusion of science offerings in the curricula of affiliated high schools. It probed the nature and extent of the science course offerings in the growing number of affiliated Texas high schools. Its findings identify among other matters, the science courses that were offered in affiliated Texas high schools, textbooks used, and laboratory facilities. The involvement of The University of Texas at Austin in establishing high school curricular standards, the reconfiguration of the school day, the redesign of the curricula, the inspection and affiliation process, all provided standards for improvements in school districts that lacked effective state governmental guidance and supervision. This endeavor by the university, assumed by the State Department of Public Education in 1917, clearly influenced the nature of the high schools of the state at the time and for the century to come.

Kelly, Larry Joe

380

Newspaper science, school science: friends or enemies?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Learning through newspapers is considered an instance of informal science learning ? an area of learning which is notoriously difficult to assess, and its relationship with formal learning hard to unravel. It is argued that the science presented in newspapers can be of value in formal science education if used carefully and critically. From the other perspective, it is suggested

J. Wellington

1991-01-01

381

Professional Development of Secondary Science Teachers of English Learners in Immigrant Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is a research study of secondary science teacher professional development, in which 30 teachers learned about and implemented a series of teaching strategies aimed at increasing the participation and learning of English Learners in schools serving largely Latino immigrant communities within California's Central Valley. This study focuses on…

Manzo, Rosa D.; Cruz, Lisceth; Faltis, Christian; de la Torre, Adela

2011-01-01

382

A Bibliography of Elementary and Secondary Marine Science Curriculum Projects and Educational Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography reviews marine science curriculum projects and other educational resource materials. The items are listed in a concise form for value to both elementary and secondary teachers, as well as students. It includes about 40 publishers--industries, school systems and governmental agencies--with entries from 14 of the 21 ocean…

Morgan, Myra J.

383

More Equal than Others? Meeting the Professional Development Needs of Rural Primary and Secondary Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is often assumed that teachers in rural and remote schools are at a disadvantage when it comes to accessing professional development. But is there sufficient evidence to support this assumption? This paper reports findings from two national surveys comparing the professional development priorities of primary and secondary science teachers from…

Lyons, Terry

2008-01-01

384

A Comparison of Astronomy/Science Attitudes Among Students and Secondary Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomy Summer School of East Texas was designed to address the needs of rural schools in the Walker County region of East Texas. This region is populated by poorer schools with fewer science resources and underperforming students on standardized tests, resulting in many of the school districts being rated as “academically unacceptable”. The goal of the workshop was to provide a suite of active learning modules to regional 6 - 12 grade teachers, which they can then use in their classrooms to actively engage their students in the use of real science data. As part of the workshop, we administered Zeilik’s pre/post attitude survey towards astronomy/science to assess whether the participant’s attitudes changed over the course of the two-week workshop. While we found no statistically significant shift in attitudes, we were surprised at some of the attitudes that secondary science teachers held. We will summarize their attitudes and compare them with attitude data gathered from their students, along with those of college students enrolled in introductory astronomy courses at Sam Houston State University. With this data, we will present the differences in attitudes with age between middle school, high school and college students, along with difference in attitudes between teachers and students. This project is supported by the NASA Science Mission Directorate Education and Public Outreach for Earth and Space Science (EPOESS), which is part of the Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES), Grant Number NNX12AH11G.

Kareva, Anna; Miller, S.; Foster, A.; James, C. R.

2014-01-01

385

Teaching the History of Chemistry in New South Wales Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys the interest in teaching chemistry by retracing its historical development. Head science teachers in 75 secondary schools were surveyed as to their opinions concerning this methodology. Results indicated a lack of articulation with other curricula, and less than adequate teacher background and instructional materials. (CP)

Oldroyd, David R.

1977-01-01

386

A Teaching-Learning Method Enhancing Problem Solving and Motivation in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a teaching-learning method for enhancing problem solving and motivation for studying science in secondary schools. Emerges from a former survey which, found that the motivation of 14-18-year-olds as measured by the Kozekik-Entwistle test was at a rather low level. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/YDS)

Markoczi-Revak, Ibolya

2003-01-01

387

Propositions of Schroedinger and Dyson: Implications for program development in secondary school biology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study is to ascertain whether there is a linkage between the special case of New Jersey Core Curriculum Content Standards for Science as they represent biology, and the propositions of Schrodinger and Dyson. The aim of the study is to derive implications for program development in secondary school biology. Critical review reveals that the New Jersey

Roxanne Kaiser-Antonowich

2001-01-01

388

Drama at the Heart of the Secondary School: Projects to Promote Authentic Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Drama at the Heart of the Secondary School" provides a rationale for the curricular centrality of drama together with rich and detailed examples of cross-phase thematic projects which are drama-led, but which promote learning across a wide range of curriculum areas, from the humanities and other arts, to English and literacy, science and PSHE.…

Rainer, John; Lewis, Martin

2012-01-01

389

Expanding Secondary School Chinese Language Programs: A Study of Potential Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current interest in learning Chinese has been fueled by the growing strength of the Chinese economy and the need for Americans who are able to communicate at an advanced level in fields of business, science, and government. The present study reports the results of a survey of secondary school students enrolled in Chinese language classes with…

Dretzke, Beverly J.; Jordan, Kelly

2010-01-01

390

Writing in elementary school science: Factors that influence teacher beliefs and practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent calls for scientifically literate citizens have prompted science educators to examine the roles that literacy holds in students' science learning processes. Although many studies have investigated the cognitive gains students acquire when they write in science, these writing-to-learn studies have typically been conducted with only middle and secondary school students. Few studies have explored how teachers, particularly elementary teachers,

Nicole J. Glen

2008-01-01

391

Exploration of secondary students' creativity by integrating web-based technology into an innovative science curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the study was to investigate how web-based technology could be utilized and integrated with real-life scientific materials to stimulate the creativity of secondary school students. One certified science teacher and 31 seventh graders participated in this study. Several real-life experience science sessions integrated with online teaching were used for one semester. The study used an interpretive methodology,

Syh-jong Jang

2009-01-01

392

Transfer from middle to secondary school: a New Zealand study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Issues related to pupils’ transfer into secondary schools have been well-documented (Brown and Armstrong, in: M.B. Youngman (Ed.), Mid-schooling transfer: Problems and proposals, NFER-Nelson, Windsor, UK, 1986; Hargreaves, Two cultures of schooling: The case of middle schools, Falmer Press, Basingstoke, UK, 1986; Power and Cotterell, ERDC Report No. 27. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra, 1981). A common feature of the

Richard Ward

2000-01-01

393

Talking about science: An interpretation of the effects of teacher talk in a high school science classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper builds on research in science education, secondary education, and sociolinguistics by arguing that high school classrooms can be considered speech communities in which language may be selectively used and imposed on students as a means of fostering academic speech community identification. To demonstrate the ways in which a high school teacher's language use may encourage subject area identification,

Elizabeth B. Moje

1995-01-01

394

Indiana secondary students' evolution learning experiences and demarcations of science from non-science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous research has documented students' conceptual difficulties learning evolution and how student learning may be related to students' views of evolution and science. This mixed methods study addressed how 74 high school biology students from six Indiana high schools viewed their evolution learning experiences, the demarcations of science from non-science, and evolution understanding and acceptance. Data collection entailed qualitative and quantitative methods including interviews, classroom observations, surveys, and assessments to address students' views of science and non-science, evolution learning experiences, and understanding and acceptance of evolution. Qualitative coding generated several demarcation and evolution learning experience codes that were subsequently used in quantitative comparisons of evolution understanding and acceptance. The majority of students viewed science as empirical, tentative but ultimately leading to certain truth, compatible with religion, the product of experimental work, and the product of human creativity. None of the students offered the consensus NOS view that scientific theories are substantiated explanations of phenomena while scientific laws state relationships or patterns between phenomena. About half the students indicated that scientific knowledge was subjectively and socio-culturally influenced. The majority of students also indicated that they had positive evolution learning experiences and thought evolution should be taught in secondary school. The quantitative comparisons revealed how students who viewed scientific knowledge as subjectively and socio-culturally influenced had higher understanding than their peers. Furthermore, students who maintained that science and religion were compatible did not differ with respect to understanding but had higher acceptance than their peers who viewed science and religion as conflicting. Furthermore, students who maintained that science must be consistent with their religious views had lower understanding and acceptance than their peers who did not hold this view. Students who had positive evolution learning experiences did not differ with respect to understanding but had higher acceptance than their peers with negative evolution learning experiences. Students who thought evolution should be taught had higher understanding and acceptance than their peers who thought evolution should not be taught. These relationships are synthesized together within the framework of cultural border crossing. Several implications for evolution instruction and future research are explored.

Donnelly, Lisa A.

395

Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School (PASS) Project  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project (PASS) Project was granted a one-year no cost extension for 2001-2002. In year three of the project, objectives and strategies were modified based on the previous year-end evaluation. The recommendations were incorporated and the program was replicated within most of the remaining elementary schools in Portsmouth, Virginia and continued in the four middle schools. The Portsmouth Atmospheric Science School Project is a partnership, which includes Norfolk State University, Cooperating Hampton Roads Organizations for Minorities in Engineering (CHROME), NASA Langley Research Center, and the City of Portsmouth, Virginia Public Schools. The project seeks to strengthen the knowledge of Portsmouth Public Schools students in the field of atmospheric sciences and enhance teacher awareness of hands on activities in the atmospheric sciences. The project specifically seeks to: 1) increase the interest and participation of elementary and middle school students in science and mathematics; 2) strengthen existing science programs; and 3) facilitate greater achievement in core subjects, which are necessary for math, science, and technical careers. Emphasis was placed on providing training activities, materials and resources for elementary students (grades 3 - 5) and middle school students (grades 6 - 8), and teachers through a CHROME club structure. The first year of the project focused on introducing elementary students to concepts and activities in atmospheric science. Year two of the project built on the first year's activities and utilizes advanced topics and activities appropriate for middle school students. During the third year of the project, in addition to the approaches used in years one and two, emphasis was placed on activities that enhanced the Virginia Standards of Learning (SOL).

Coleman, Clarence D.; Hathaway, Roger (Technical Monitor)

2002-01-01

396

Bringing Science Public Outreach to Elementary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Many science "museums” already offer fantastic programs for the general public, and even some aimed at elementary school kids. However, these venues are usually located in large cities and are only occasionally used as tools for enriching science education in public schools. Here we present preliminary work to establish exciting educational enrichment environments for public schools that do not easily have access to such facilities. This program is aimed at motivating children's interest in science beyond what they learn in the classroom setting. In this program, we use the experience and experiments/demonstrations developed at a large science museum (in this case, The St. Louis Science Center) and take them into a local elementary school. At the same time, students from the University of Missouri are getting trained on how to present these outreach materials and work with the local elementary schools. Our pilot study has started with implementation of presentations/demonstrations at Benton Elementary School within the Columbia Public School district, Missouri. The school has recently adopted a STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) centered learning system throughout all grade levels (K-5), and is therefore receptive to this effort. We have implemented a program in which we have given a series of scientific demonstrations at each grade level's lunch hour. Further enrichment ideas and plans include: addition demonstrations, hands-on experiments, and question and answer sessions. However, the application of these events would be to compliment the curriculum for the appropriate grade level at that time. The focus of this project is to develop public communications which links science museums, college students and local public schools with an emphasis on encouraging college science majors to share their knowledge and to strengthen their ability to work in a public environment.

Miller, Lucas; Speck, A.; Tinnin, A.

2012-01-01

397

Integrating Astronomy into High School Science Courses  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although many states include astronomy standards at a high school level, teachers, schools, and school districts, often struggle to find a way to address these standards. The typical high school science sequence of Biology-Chemistry-Physics leaves little place for Astronomy, except perhaps as an elective class. Yet, if the revised New Jersey Science Standards are any indication, Astronomy could become an even larger part of the nation's high school standards in the near future. Other than the need to meet standards, there are many additional benefits to teaching and integrating astronomy into high school Biology, Chemistry and Physics courses. If Astronomy can be integrated with other sciences, students are more likely to learn and remember the content when it connects to other science content that they have learned. Astronomy can often provide an opportunity to apply Physics, Chemistry, and Biology science content in a new context; which can help to push students toward higher levels of understanding. Lastly, education research has shown that many conceptually challenging topics in Astronomy are best understood beyond grade eight (eg. seasons and moon phases). Thus it is beneficial if this content is addressed or revisited in high school. With support from NASA, the New Jersey Astronomy Center (NJACE), in collaboration with the New Jersey Institute of Technology and NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, has developed a framework to assist high school science teachers. NJACE identified a variety of experiences in Astronomy that are suitable for integration into high school Physics, Chemistry, or Biology courses. These resources are available from a website hosted by NASA Goddard and are searchable by typical high school science topics in Physics, Chemistry, or Biology. Several examples of easily integrated astronomy experiences, and the associated professional development for teachers, will be presented.

Moody, Theresa R.; van der Veen, W.; Drobnes, E.; Littleton, A.

2010-01-01

398

Home culture, science, school and science learning: is reconciliation possible?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In response to Meyer and Crawford's article on how nature of science and authentic science inquiry strategies can be used to support the learning of science for underrepresented students, I explore the possibly of reconciliation between the cultures of school, science, school science as well as home. Such reconciliation is only possible when science teachers are cognizant of the factors affecting the cultural values and belief systems of underrepresented students. Using my experience as an Asian learner of WMS, I suggest that open and honest dialogues in science classrooms will allow for greater clarity of the ideals that WMS profess and cultural beliefs of underrepresented students. This in-depth understanding will eliminate guesswork and unrealistic expectations and in the process promote tolerance and acceptance of diversity in ways of knowing.

Tan, Aik-Ling

2011-09-01

399

Comprehensive School Mental Health: An Integrated "School-Based Pathway to Care" Model for Canadian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescence is a critical period for the promotion of mental health and the treatment of mental disorders. Schools are well-positioned to address adolescent mental health. This paper describes a school mental health model, "School-Based Pathway to Care," for Canadian secondary schools that links schools with primary care providers and mental…

Wei, Yifeng; Kutcher, Stan; Szumilas, Magdalena

2011-01-01

400

Analysis of Hawaii Secondary School Discipline Variables.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It was the intent of this study to examine student discipline problems in twenty-one high schools on the island of Oahu in Hawaii. Literature was reviewed concerning the youth revolution as it affects students in Hawaiian public schools and concerning discipline problems unique to Hawaiian public schools. Data were collected through a…

Kalus, Janet Marie Wolcott

401

The Relationship between Students' Connections to Out-of-School Experiences and Factors Associated with Science Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the relationship between students' out?of?school experiences and various factors associated with science learning. Participants were 1,014 students from two urban high schools (secondary schools). They completed a survey questionnaire and science assessment describing their science learning experiences across contexts and science understanding. Using multilevel statistical modelling, accounting for the multilevel structure of the data with students (Level

Natalie A. Tran

2011-01-01

402

The Library and American Education: Education through Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between elementary and secondary education and the public library throughout the nation's history are reviewed through educational historians' writings. It is noted that libraries, like schools, were not above political, class, religious, and cultural conflicts. (Author/MBR)

Fain, Elaine

1979-01-01

403

An Investigation of Piagetian Stages in Italian Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports results of a study examining the Piagetian stages of Italian secondary school students in which student responses to three puzzles were analyzed. Compares results with studies done in the United States and the United Kingdom. (CS)

Violino, Paolo; Di Giacomo, Beatrice Semino

1981-01-01

404

Planning the Middle School Science Classroom.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the planning requirements for designing a middle school's science classroom, including the areas of casework and sinks, surfaces, furniture, gas, storage, power, ventilation, and safety issues. Photographs are included. (GR)

Biehle, James T.

2000-01-01

405

Middle School Physical Science Resource Center: Reviews  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a collection of reviews of resources for middle school physical science classes. Materials reviewed include textbooks, videos, and web-based materials. The reviewers point out both scientific inaccuracies and sections that might be confusing for students.

Hubisz, John

2004-03-30

406

Exploring Secondary Science Teachers' Perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform movement since the 1990s has led the secondary earth science curriculum in Taiwan into a stage of reshaping. The present study investigated secondary earth science teachers' perceptions on the Goals of Earth Science Education (GESE). The GESE should express the statements of philosophy and purpose toward which educators…

Chang, Chun-Yen; Chang, Yueh-Hsia; Yang, Fang-Ying

2009-01-01

407

A Secondary Analysis of the Impact of School Management Practices on School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a secondary analysis of the impact of school management practices on school performance utilizing a survey design of School and Staffing (SASS) data collected by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) of the U.S. Department of Education, 1999-2000. The study identifies those school management…

Talbert, Dale A.

2009-01-01

408

Grade Inflation and School Competition: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Swedish Upper Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the connection between grade inflation and school competition by studying graduates from the Swedish upper secondary schools in 1997. The final grades are compared to the SweSAT national test scores. Single school municipalities are compared with multiple school municipalities in order to study if potential intra-municipal…

Wikstrom, C.; Wikstrom, M.

2005-01-01

409

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1997-98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released by the National Center for Education Statistics, this report presents overview data on the 87,631 elementary and secondary public schools in the US who provided instruction to 46.1 million students during the 1997-98 school year. The thirteen-page report provides statistical information on school districts, public schools, and students in K-12 public schools. Included are seven detailed data tables that profile the total number of students in public schools and in public school districts, the distribution of schools and students by instructional level and urbanicity, the rate of high school dropouts, and several other student characteristics.

1999-01-01

410

Facilitating Science Literacy in a Rural School  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effects of an issue-based science teaching strategy on middle school students in a rural Idaho school. Two eighth-grade classes investigated an issue of local significance—the use of the Bear River. Using the Jurisprudential Inquiry Model of Science, Technology and Society (STS) as a guide, students researched and debated the issue. They attempted to create a Worldwide

Rebecca M. Monhardt; Leigh Monhardt

1998-01-01

411

Girls' Entry into Higher Secondary Sciences.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined how encouragement and teachers' expectations influenced the way female students actively position themselves as high achievers in science classrooms. Results with 43 Year 10 Australian students show the importance of encouragement in student attitudes about science achievement. (SLD)

Hatchell, Helen

1998-01-01

412

School Safety, Severe Disciplinary Actions, and School Characteristics: A Secondary Analysis of the School Survey on Crime and Safety  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

On the basis of a secondary analysis of survey data collected from 1,872 secondary school principals in the 2005-2006 School Survey on Crime and Safety, we examined the frequency of and reasons for severe disciplinary actions and the relationship between school characteristics and severe disciplinary actions. We found that severe disciplinary…

Han, Seunghee; Akiba, Motoko

2011-01-01

413

Development of a Performance Assessment Task and Rubric to Measure Prospective Secondary School Mathematics Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge and Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this paper is to share a performance assessment task and rubric designed to assess secondary school mathematics preservice teachers' pedagogical content knowledge and skills. The assessment task and rubric were developed in collaboration with five education faculty, four arts and sciences faculty, and four high school teachers over…

Koirala, Hari P.; Davis, Marsha; Johnson, Peter

2008-01-01

414

Science in Elementary School: Generalist Genes and School Environments  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using a genetically sensitive design, we investigated the etiology of academic performance in Science in elementary school, and its etiological links with other academic abilities and general cognitive ability ("g"). The sample consisted of over 2000 pairs of twins at 10 years of age from the Twins Early Development Study. Science performance, as…

Haworth, Claire M. A.; Kovas, Yulia; Dale, Philip S.; Plomin, Robert

2008-01-01

415

The Science fair in our school  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research in alternative learning incentives led us to a peculiar kind of learning resulting in remarkable outcomes. We are currently under a Science Fair Project -being outlined in this review - which was presented in our school on the 3rd & 4th of March 2008. The approach which was expanded (by the pupils of the 1st Primary School class SIXTH2)

M. Vavoulidou

416

Girls Disengage from High School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High school girls are bored, disengaged, and stressed in science classes, according to preliminary results of a study led by Northern Illinois University researchers Jennifer Schmidt and M. Cecil Smith. The two professors in the College of Education's Department of Leadership, Educational Psychology, and Foundations studied 244 high school

Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 2010

2010-01-01

417

Middle School Classroom Predictors of Science Persistence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the question of whether variables associated with middle school classroom practices and instructional emphasis would contribute to a prediction of science course placement in later grades. Concludes that what happens in early schooling does have a direct and substantive impact on later education. (ZWH)

Gallagher, Shelagh A.

1994-01-01

418

Science Study Abroad For High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This capstone paper presents the design for a study abroad program for high school students at City on a Hill Charter Public School, located in Boston, MA. This paper is written as a proposal for funding. The research question addressed was why and how to design a science-based, study abroad program that best serves the needs of urban, low-income, minority

Emma Lichtenstein

2009-01-01

419

Factors Influencing the Science Career Plans of High School Students. Report of Poll No. 101 of the Purdue Opinion Panel.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The primary purpose of the study reported was to provide information related to high school students choosing or not choosing to pursue science careers. The survey included high school students in public and private secondary schools throughout the nation. Information was obtained relating to educational levels, school subjects, self-concepts,…

Erlick, Arline C.; LeBold, William K.

420

Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools: Considerations for Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school administrators are increasingly finding themselves in the position of implementing Response to Intervention (RTI). This system of providing progressively intensive levels of intervention for the purposes of preventing academic failure and identifying children with learning disability may be useful at the secondary level. However,…

King, Seth A.; Lemons, Christopher J.; Hill, David R.

2012-01-01

421

Response to Intervention with Secondary School Students with Reading Difficulties  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities…

Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

2012-01-01

422

Bridging the Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The transition from primary to secondary school can often be a difficult time for children, and managing the transition smoothly has posed a problem for teachers at both upper primary and lower secondary level. At a time when "childhood" recedes and "adulthood" beckons, the inequalities between individual children can widen, and meeting the needs…

Howe, Alan, Ed.; Richards, Val, Ed.

2011-01-01

423

Integration of Informal Music Technologies in Secondary School Music Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary

Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon

2014-01-01

424

Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

2005-01-01

425

Experiential learning for pre-service science and mathematics teachers: Applications to secondary classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Southeast Eisenhower Regional Consortium for Mathematics and Science Education at SERVE is one of ten regional consortia created by Congress to improve mathematics and science education throughout the nation. The Consortium has three objectives: coordinating mathematics and science resources, disseminating exemplary mathematics and science educational instructional materials, and providing assistance for the implementation of teaching methods and assessment tools for use by elementary and secondary school students, staff, and administrators. This monograph is part of an effort to create a community of practicing science teachers and research scientists into which future science and mathematics teachers can enter, having gained an understanding of the nature and culture of science. In this monograph, the writers offer the field a significant view of what happens when pre-service teachers, practicing teachers, and practicing scientists work together as co-learners. These co-learning experiences create professional learning communities that stimulate changes and growth for all of the learners.

Gilmer, P. J.; Hahn, L.; Spaid, M. R.

2009-06-24

426

Momentum and Kinetic Energy: Confusable Concepts in Secondary School Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and practitioners alike express concerns about the conceptual difficulties associated with the concepts of momentum and kinetic energy currently taught in school physics. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the treatment given to them in 44 published textbooks written for UK secondary school certificate courses. This is set…

Bryce, T. G. K.; MacMillan, K.

2009-01-01

427

The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools. 2010 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This comprehensive volume offers a snapshot profile of every public school district in the United States serving 1,500 or more students and provides pertinent evaluative and demographic statistics necessary to evaluate educational programs nationwide. "The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools" is a comprehensive compilation…

Grey House Publishing, 2009

2009-01-01

428

Public School Choice. Reauthorizing the Elementary and Secondary Education Act  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To achieve President Obama's stated goal of making increased expectations for students and schools a national priority, the administration has designed a blueprint for a reenvisioned federal role in education through the reauthorization of the "Elementary and Secondary Education Act" ("ESEA"). The new "ESEA" will support effective public school

US Department of Education, 2010

2010-01-01

429

How Literature Learning Shapes Thinking in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines, in a five-year ethnographic study in secondary schools, issues of how literature learning shapes thinking. Follows 10 students from their English classes into their academic classes over their high school careers. Analyzes literacy events in their literature and content-area classes, including how literacy events functioned and what they…

Miller, Suzanne M.

1998-01-01

430

Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this dissertation was to compare Canadian community colleges with post-secondary vocational schools in Poland. The comparison concentrated upon programs in nursing, tourism and information technology delivered by the following three Polish schools Krakowska Szkola Medyczna, (Cracow, Poland), Policealne Studium Zawodowe, (Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.

2005-01-01

431

Understanding the Experiences of Beginning Secondary School Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a study which sought to obtain insights into the experiences of beginning secondary school teachers in Swaziland during 1997. Describes these teachers' experiences, finding that beginning teachers are overwhelmingly isolated in schools, and that they experience difficulties that can destroy their enthusiasm for teaching. Discusses some…

Mazibuko, Edmund Z.

1999-01-01

432

Recommended Organization for Wyoming Public Elementary and Secondary School Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report of a management consultant firm details 11 major recommendations to improve the public elementary and secondary school system in Wyoming. (1) The State should articulate objectives to serve as guidelines for public school education. (2) The State Department of Education (SDE) should be administered through a…

Booz, Allen and Hamilton, Inc., Chicago, IL.

433

Understanding the Tensions between Equity and Quality of Secondary Schooling.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inherent tensions exist between equity and quality of schooling in meeting diverse student needs. The goals of providing equity are clarified in light of the analysis by Bruce Fuller. Alternative goals, based on research studies and classroom observations, are presented with concerns for equity in American secondary schools. (Author/VM)

Montero-Sieburth, Martha

1988-01-01

434

Treating Chemical Equilibrium Mathematically in Secondary Schools: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the procedures, results, and conclusions of a study to determine the characteristics of secondary school chemistry students who were successful in grasping a mathematical approach to learning chemical equilibrium. Subjects were eighty-nine students enrolled in chemistry at a rural-suburban high school; each student had…

Case, James B.

435

Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is the basic accounting document for Wisconsin's public school systems; it presents the means to achieve uniformity in reporting on the efficacy of the Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System (WESSAS). Its purpose is to provide financial information that will promote reporting, auditing, interdistrict comparison,…

Nelson, C. Richard

436

AN INVESTIGATION OF MARKING PRACTICES OF SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

VARIOUS ASPECTS OF THE MARKING PRACTICES OF 39 SECONDARY SCHOOL TEACHERS FROM TWO SCHOOLS IN METROPOLITAN NASHVILLE-DAVIDSON COUNTY, TENNESSEE, WERE STUDIED. SPECIAL MARKING EXERCISES CONTAINING STANDARD DATA ON HYPOTHETICAL STUDENTS WERE USED TO STUDY THE MARKING PRACTICES OF TEACHERS UNDER MORE UNIFORM CONDITIONS THAN EXIST IN THE CLASSROOM. A…

TERWILLIGER, JAMES S.

437

Political Activism and Civic Education among Australian Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the impact of school variables on student political knowledge and political activity using questionnaire responses from 1,311 secondary school students in South Australia and the Australian Capital Territory. Findings show that many students have had experience with normative forms of political activity, but fewer have engaged in…

Saha, Lawrence J.

2000-01-01

438

Managing Women: Secondary School Principals in Trinidad and Tobago.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the experiences of 12 women secondary school principals managing small schools in Trinidad and Tobago. Demonstrates the ways their personal and professional lives are intertwined and how race, class, and gendered positions impact their career choice, promotional opportunities, and management practice. (SLD)

Morris, Jeanette

1999-01-01

439

Education with Production in Conventional Secondary Schools: Understanding and Implementation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document describes a study that investigated how the concept of education with production (EWP) can be understood in Zimbabwe and the capacity of conventional secondary schools in Zimbabwe to implement EWP. Chapter 1 of the document describes the concept of EWP as the application, in developing nations, of ideology in the school curriculum…

Mhlanga, Michael J.

440

Post-Secondary Safe Schools, 1999. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report on safety in Minnesota's secondary and postsecondary schools assesses and evaluates the impact of existing laws and programs on school safety and anti-violence and recommends changes in law or policy to increase safety and curb violence. The report is based on a 1995-97 survey of postsecondary students, interviews with campus security…

Minnesota State Office of the Attorney General, St. Paul.

441

Selection by Attainment and Aptitude in English Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the findings from a study of the admission arrangements for all secondary schools in England. We sketch the history of selection, answer questions about the scale and extent of selection by attainment or aptitude including an account of partially selective schools, consider the similarity and differences between selection by…

Coldron, John; Willis, Ben; Wolstenholme, Claire

2009-01-01

442

Principals' Engagement of Low Ability Students in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a grounded theory constructed from a study of Singapore neighbourhood secondary school principals' engagement of their lowest stream, the Normal Technical students, in their schools. This substantive theory is labelled the "theory of selective engagement". It implies that how principals engage their lowest streamed students…

Ong, Chye Hin; Dimmock, Clive

2013-01-01

443

The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools, 2006 Edition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Updated for 2006, this comprehensive volume offers a snapshot profile of every public school district in the United States serving 1,500 or more students and provides pertinent evaluative and demographic statistics necessary to evaluate educational programs nationwide. "The Comparative Guide to American Elementary & Secondary Schools" is a…

Grey House Publishing, 2006

2006-01-01

444

Cost Analysis of Secondary School Vocational Technical Education Programs.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Delivery costs per contact hour for secondary school vocational technical education in Tennessee were gathered from January to June 1973. A sample of six selected schools teaching 58 courses in 109 separate classes was used. Data were analyzed to determine direct and indirect costs per student contact hour for each course with and without…

Harris, George W.; O'Fallon, O. Kenneth

445

Correlates of Job and Professional Satisfaction among Secondary School Administrators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the job and growth satisfaction of secondary school administrators. Three sets of variables (job, organizational, and personal characteristics) were tested in terms of their impact on 2 related but distinct dependent variables: job and growth satisfaction. The participants included 153 school administrators, 66 principals, and…

Conley, Sharon; Shaw, Shirley; Glasman, Naftaly

2007-01-01

446

INCLUSION in Secondary Schools: Bold Initiatives Challenging Change.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is a collection of stories from secondary school educators who have included students with disabilities in their classrooms. It profiles inclusive school systems in urban, suburban, and rural communities across the nation, and describes strategies teachers have used to successfully include all students. Specific chapters include: (1)…

Sage, Daniel D., Ed.

447

School science and citizenship: retrospect and  

Microsoft Academic Search

Attempts by the science teaching profession and others to ally school science with citizenship are not new. They include public lectures, new syllabuses and examinations and a range of curriculum projects. This article reviews some of the attempts that have been made in the last hundred or so years and comments briefly upon their significance for the most recent innovation,

Edgar Jenkins

448

"Probeware" on Increase in Schools' Science Labs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Though the term, "probeware" may not be a household word, it has grown more familiar to science educators over the past decade, as a new generation of high-tech instruments for collecting and analyzing data from the physical world have been introduced into school science labs. Today, those tools include digital scientific probes or sensors that…

Trotter, Andrew

2008-01-01

449

Box Cello Middle School Science Clubs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Box Cello is a middle school science club which is attempting to (1) understand the cello and (2) design a low-cost starter instrument. We can support and justify this research by adding a third goal: (3) to help supply local science classes with equipment. My policy of spending one entire day each week away from the university, out in

Guy Vandegrift

1998-01-01

450

for Middle School Science and Mathematics Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is based on an online graduate program for middle school science and mathematics teachers in Texas titled Integration of Science, Mathematics and Reflective Teaching (iSMART). Launching the program for its first cohort in fall 2010, the authors attempted to answer the following two questions in this paper: (a) How do the members of the…

Lee, Mimi Miyoung; Chauvot, Jennifer B.; Vowell, Julie; Culpepper, Shea Mosley; Plankis, Brian J.

2013-01-01

451

Culturally Relevant Science Teaching in Middle School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

To respond to calls for more research on culturally relevant science teaching, we present findings from one middle school science teacher's practices in an effort to contribute to this research. We describe how a discussion lab centered on Derrick Bell's (1992) short story "The Space Traders" was purposively included in a lesson on scientific bias…

Laughter, Judson C.; Adams, Amelia D.

2012-01-01

452

New Trends in School Science Equipment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This four-part volume examines trends, problems, and issues related to school science equipment. Part 1 focuses on laboratory work and practical activities in science and technology education, considering equipment and curriculum development, equipment development related to curricula in Brazil, uses of local resources for practical work,…

Lowe, Norman K., Ed.

453

Language and Student Performance in Junior Secondary Science Examinations: The Case of Second Language Learners in Botswana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching and testing in science in junior secondary schools in Botswana, takes place in English which is a second language for the majority of Batswana (Citizens of Botswana are called Batswana [sing. Motswana] and the national language is Setswana.) students and a third language for many. The understanding of textual material in science has been…

Prophet, Robert B.; Badede, Nandkishor B.

2009-01-01

454

A Smooth Trajectory: Developing Continuity and Progression between Primary and Secondary Science Education through a Jointly-Planned Projectiles Project  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on findings from a two-year project--'Improving Science Together'--undertaken in 20 primary and four secondary schools in and around Bristol, UK. The project was funded by the pharmaceutical company AstraZeneca PLC as part of their national Science Teaching Trust initiative, and had as one of its aims the development of…

Davies, Dan; McMahon, Kendra

2004-01-01

455

Strategic Alliance to Advanced Technological Education through Enhanced Mathematics, Science, Technology, and English Education at the Secondary Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document (book) reports on the Strategic Alliance to Advance Technological Education through Enhanced Mathematics, Science, Technology, and English Education at the Secondary Level, funded by National Science Foundation. It was a collaborative partnership involving the Rockford Public Schools, Rock Valley College, and Northern Illinois…

Scarborough, Jule Dee

2004-01-01

456

Philosophically correct science stories? Examining the implications of heroic science stories for school science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Some people think that science is a set of facts that can be presented in plain and unadorned language. This fosters a belief that science has few stories. Actually, stories are very important in school science. In an examination of science textbooks, I have identified four different types of science stories which I call (a) heroic, (b) discovery, (c) declarative,

Catherine Milne

1998-01-01

457

Response to Intervention in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Many schools are turning to response to intervention (RTI) models to meet the needs of their students. The promise of RTI is that it will enable schools to better and more efficiently meet the learning needs of a large continuum of students by providing evidence-based schoolwide instruction, supplemental supports, and intensive individualized…

Feuerborn, Laura L.; Sarin, Kathryn; Tyre, Ashli D.

2011-01-01

458

TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING IN THE SECONDARY SCHOOL.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

IT IS THE EXPRESSED HOPE OF THE AUTHORS THAT THE PRACTICES DESCRIBED HERE WILL STIMULATE READER MODIFICATIONS OF THE MATERIAL PRESENTED, FOR EFFECTIVENESS IN ANY SCHOOL SITUATION. THE BOOK PRESENTS METHODS, PROCEDURES, AND TECHNIQUES FOR TEACHING CRITICAL THINKING IN JUNIOR AND SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL. CRITICAL THINKING AND PROBLEM SOLVING, USED…

DULL, LLOYD W.; AND OTHERS

459

Developing African Secondary School Libraries. A Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for the non-librarian or educated layperson, this manual provides step-by-step information on how to establish a school library. Although it is targeted for an African audience, the manual is general enough to provide information on school library development regardless of geographic location. The handbook begins by addressing the value of…

Touchard, Wolfhard

460

Homework and Science Learning in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Offers a conceptual framework for studying and analyzing potential benefits/disadvantages of homework. Also describes studies (measurement of conditions, practices, and attitudes toward homework). Findings show that students value homework, that few teachers regularly check homework, and that there are sex differences between Arab and Jewish…

Tamir, Pinchas

1985-01-01

461

Middle school classroom predictors of science persistence  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Very little research has been conducted to determine whether instructional practices experienced by young adolescents have lasting effects that can be connected to persistence in the study of science years later. The current study examined the question of whether variables associated with middle school classroom practices and instructional emphasis would contribute to a prediction of science course placement in the 11th grade. A LISREL analysis was performed to create a model that ties middle school classroom experiences to later course placement. Variables associated with a holistic approach to science and with clarity of presentation were retained in the final model.Received: 7 July 1993; Revised: 6 February 1994;

Gallagher, Shelagh A.

462

Models and Materials: Bridging Art and Science in the Secondary Curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Creating and sustaining student engagement in science is one challenge facing secondary teachers. The visual arts provide an alternative means of communicating scientific concepts to students who may not respond to traditional formats or identify themselves as interested in science. We have initiated a three-year teacher professional development program at U C Santa Barbara focused on bridging art and science in secondary curricula, to engage students underrepresented in science majors, including girls, English language learners and non-traditional learners. The three-year format provides the teams of teachers with the time and resources necessary to create innovative learning experiences for students that will enhance their understanding of both art and science content. Models and Materials brings together ten secondary art and science teachers from six Santa Barbara County schools. Of the five participating science teachers, three teach Earth Science and two teach Life Science. Art and science teachers from each school are teamed and challenged with the task of creating integrated curriculum projects that bring visual art concepts to the science classroom and science concepts to the art classroom. Models and Materials were selected as unifying themes; understanding the concept of models, their development and limitations, is a prominent goal in the California State Science and Art Standards. Similarly, the relationship between composition, structure and properties of materials is important to both art and science learning. The program began with a 2-week institute designed to highlight the natural links between art and science through presentations and activities by both artists and scientists, to inspire teachers to develop new ways to present models in their classrooms, and for the teacher teams to brainstorm ideas for curriculum projects. During the current school year, teachers will begin to integrate science and art and the themes of modeling and materials into their classrooms. Initial results indicate that the participating teachers developed a clearer understanding of the uses and limitations of models the classroom, better understanding of materials science, and strong initial ideas for integrated curricula.

Pak, D.; Cavazos, L.

2006-12-01

463

Best Practice in Middle-School Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Using socio-ecological theory, this study explores best practice (educational practices correlated with higher student performance) in middle-school science. Seven schools with consistently higher student performance were compared with three demographically similar, average-performing schools. Best practice included instructional approaches (relevance and engagement, inquiry, differentiated instruction, collaborative work, moderate amounts of homework, and integration of language literacy and science) and administrative practices (nurturing a climate of opportunity to succeed in science, offering professional development based on data and dialogue, engaging teachers in standards-based curriculum revision and alignment, and recruiting the right fit of teacher). It is argued that best practice entails multiple levels of teaching and administrative praxis that together form a school-wide socio-ecological system conducive to higher performance.

Oliveira, Alandeom W.; Wilcox, Kristen C.; Angelis, Janet; Applebee, Arthur N.; Amodeo, Vincent; Snyder, Michele A.

2013-03-01

464

Box Cello Middle School Science Clubs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Box Cello is a middle school science club which is attempting to (1) understand the cello and (2) design a low-cost starter instrument. We can support and justify this research by adding a third goal: (3) to help supply local science classes with equipment. My policy of spending one entire day each week away from the university, out in a local school is essential to this project. This schedule also permits me to conduct lessons on optics and music in the schools. And, it permits circulation of tools and equipment. A simple calculation demonstrates the great economy achieved by combining science clubs with academic year school visits. Consider the cost of letting 10,000 students in 10 middle schools each learn about and play with a pair of "upside-down" glasses for one hour. A visit to each school for three consecutive weeks would easily permit such a circulation if only 30 pairs were constructed. Assume rhetorically, that the construction of 30 pairs of glasses were to consume the entire estimated annual budget of $100,000. The cost per student would be only ten dollars! The visits, guest lectures, and equipment loans permit informal networking (including lunch) with math, science and music teachers in 10 schools. For more information, visit the http://www.utep.edu/boxcello/

Vandegrift, Guy

1998-10-01

465

The Nature of Laboratory Learning Experiences in Secondary Science Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching science to secondary students in an online environment is a growing international trend. Despite this trend, reports of empirical studies of this phenomenon are noticeably missing. With a survey concerning the nature of laboratory activities, this study describes the perspective of 35-secondary teachers from 15-different U.S. states who…

Crippen, Kent J.; Archambault, Leanna M.; Kern, Cindy L.

2013-01-01

466

The Science Curriculum and the Secondary Student in Sierra Leone.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the new primary and secondary-level science curriculum in Sierra Leone as well as new teacher roles and instructional approaches. Indicates that curricular changes in this country should address needs related to job opportunities, the environment, and citizenship. Results of 1972-80 secondary-level biology, chemistry, and physics…

Sawyerr, Ebun S.

1985-01-01

467

Response to Intervention With Secondary School Students With Reading Difficulties  

PubMed Central

The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities with older students with intractable reading disabilities, (c) the reliability, validity, and use of screening and progress monitoring measures with middle school students, and (d) the implications of implementing response to intervention (RTI) practices at the middle school level. The authors provide guidance about prevailing questions about remediating reading difficulties with secondary students and discuss future directions for research using RTI frameworks for students at the secondary level.

Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M.

2012-01-01

468

Smoke-free schools? Results of a secondary school smoking policies survey 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim To describe the cigarette-smoking policies of a sample of New Zealand secondary schools. Methods Schools randomly selected from six geographical regions for participation in the Health Sponsorship Council's 2002 Youth Lifestyle Study (YLS) were invited to also participate in the School Smoking Policies Survey (SSPS). Results Eighty one of 82 schools responded (response rate 98.8%); 64 schools (79.0%) provided

Helen Darling; Anthony Reeder

469

Secondary Schools Online: Are High School Web Sites Effective?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

High schools have traditionally focused on the in-depth instruction of specific subject matter and have served as both a preparatory phase for higher education for some students and an institution that prepares others to enter the workforce. One method to help high schools accomplish these goals is through the creation and maintenance of a school

Hartshorne, Richard; Friedman, Adam; Algozzine, Bob; Isibor, Theresa

2006-01-01

470

The distinctiveness and effectiveness of science teaching in the Malaysian `Smart school'  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent reform initiative in the Malaysian educational system has sought to develop ‘Smart schools’, intended to better prepare students for adult life in a developing economy and to increase the flow of young people prepared for scientific and technological careers. The study reported in this paper examined lower?secondary science teaching, comparing two Smart schools officially judged to be successfully

Eng Tek Ong; Kenneth Ruthven

2010-01-01

471

Science concept learning by English as second language junior secondary students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent Chinese migrant students from Taiwan studying science in two Australian secondary schools were found to explain the meanings of selected science concept labels in English by translating from Chinese. The research strategy involved interviewing the students concerning their recognition and comprehension of the science concept labels firstly in Chinese and then in English. Mean recognition and comprehension scores were higher in Chinese than in English, with indications that Chinese language and science knowledge learnt in Chinese deteriorated with increasing time of residence in Australia. Rudimentary signs of the students being able to switch between Chinese and English knowledge bases in science were also found. Implications for teaching science to ESL students and suggestions for further research are discussed.

Lai, Pui-Kwong; Lucas, Keith B.; Burke, Ed V.

1995-03-01

472

Improving Science Achievement at High-Poverty Urban Middle Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A large percentage of U.S. students attending high-poverty urban middle schools achieve low levels of science proficiency, posing significant challenges to their success in high school science and to national and local efforts to reform science education. Through its work in Philadelphia schools, the Center for Social Organization of Schools at…

Ruby, Allen

2006-01-01

473

Rationale and Approaches for Embedding Scientific Literacy into the New Junior Secondary School Chemistry Curriculum in the People's Republic of China  

Microsoft Academic Search

Taking the recently released Junior Secondary School Chemistry Curriculum (JSSCC) in the People's Republic of China as a case, this paper approaches the issue of how to realize the idea of scientific literacy within a secondary school science curriculum. Subject matter and its companion meanings were used as the framework to explore the embedding of scientific literacy. Two methods were

Bing Wei; Gregory P. Thomas

2005-01-01

474

Rationale and Approaches for Embedding Scientific Literacy into the New Junior Secondary School Chemistry Curriculum in the People's Republic Of China  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Taking the recently released Junior Secondary School Chemistry Curriculum (JSSCC) in the People's Republic of China as a case, this paper approaches the issue of how to realize the idea of scientific literacy within a secondary school science curriculum. Subject matter and its companion meanings were used as the framework to explore the embedding…

Wei, Bing; Thomas, Gregory P.

2005-01-01

475

Integrating the history of science into a middle school science curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the effect of incorporating the history of science into a middle school physical science curriculum on student attitudes toward science and the work of scientists. While there is wide support for including some science history in middle school science lessons within both the science and science-education communities, there is little curriculum designed to meet that objective. A

Jeanne Marie Huybrechts

2000-01-01

476

The Relationships between School Guidance and Discipline: Critical Contrasts in Two Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Hong Kong secondary schools have difficulty in integrating guidance, or counselling, and discipline into schooling. In some schools, discipline is overdeveloped while guidance is underdeveloped. The positive aspect of the caring system is distorted as part of the provision of discipline. This article looks at the distinction between guidance and…

Hue, Ming-Tak

2007-01-01

477

Moving to Secondary School: On the Role of Affective Expectations in a Tracking School System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Transition to secondary school implies basic changes in social, instructional and organisational aspects of school life which afford the pupils' adjustment. As transition takes place at a predictable point in time, children develop expectations about the start at their new school. In order to analyse predictors and consequences of these…

van Ophuysen, Stefanie

2009-01-01

478

Portraits of High Schools. A Supplement to High School: A Report on Secondary Education in America.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Profiles of selected high schools represent part of the research done in preparation for the Carnegie Foundation's report, High Schools: A Report on Secondary Education in America. The testimony and behavior of youths and adults in real schools, and detailed descriptions of representative institutions, reflect the major themes of the report. These…

Perrone, Vito

479

Shunning the Bird's Eye View: General Science in the Schools of Ontario and Quebec  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper considers the adoption of general science courses in two Canadian provinces, Ontario and Quebec, during the 1930s. In Ontario, a few science teachers had followed the early general science movements in the United States and Britain with interest. During the 1930s, several developments made the cross-disciplinary, applied thrust of general science particularly appealing to Ontario educationists. These developments included a new demand for vocational education, renewed reservations about pedagogical rationales based on transfer of training, and a growing professional divide between high school science teachers and university scientists. Around the same time, scientists in the Quebec's French-language universities were engaged in a concerted campaign to expand the place of science in the province's francophone secondary schools. The province's prestigious classical colleges, which were the scientists' principal target for reform, privileged an inductive view of science that had little in common with the applied, cross-disciplinary emphasis of the general science courses gaining support in English-speaking school systems. In 1934, however, a popular American general science textbook was adopted in a workers' cooperative devoted to adult education. Comparing the fate of general science within these two education systems draws attention to the fact that general science made inroads in francophone Quebec but had little influence in public and private schools. In light of the growing support general science enjoyed elsewhere, we are led to explore why general science met with little overt interest by Quebec scientists pushing for school science reform during the 1930s.

Hoffman, Michelle

2013-04-01

480

Secondary Science Teacher Preparation at the University of Arizona  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Undergraduate students at the University of Arizona who wish to become middle or high school science teachers have a unique opportunity to pursue their goal in the company of other science majors under the guidance of science educators and experienced mentor teachers. In this article, some of the central ideas that guide this teacher preparation program, and how those ideas are implemented are presented. It is concluded with information about program enrollment and teacher retention.

Novodvorsky, Ingrid

2010-11-10

481

Perceptions of Leadership and Student Performance in Science from Campus Leaders in Selected High Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This naturalistic study focused on the perceptions of leadership and student performance in science from campus leaders in three purposefully selected secondary campuses of ninth through twelfth grades. Each school had experienced an improvement in student passing rates on the science TAKS test that exceeded the state's percent improvement in…

Wilder, Sharon Mae

2010-01-01

482

The Role of the Internet in the Adoption of Computer Modeling as Legitimate High School Science  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a recent project that explored combined use of Internet client-server technology and interactive computer modeling software for improving secondary science teaching. We envisioned a constructivist network in which teachers make contributions to the resources available. The purpose of the network was to promote the emerging field of computer modeling in high school science. Our approach coupled the networking

Bill Barowy; Catalina Laserna

1997-01-01

483

The Rise and Fall of the Schools Science Project in East Africa.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews problems associated with implementing the School Science Project (SSP) in Kenya, and the subsequent downfall of the project in the late 1970s. Concludes that the SSP experience raises fundamental questions about secondary science education in Kenya and the rest of the developing world. (BSR)

Lillis, Kevin M.; Lowe, John

1987-01-01

484

Opinions of Primary School Science and Technology Teachers about Developing Students' Affective Competence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study aimed to determine the primary school secondary level science and technology teachers' opinions about developing students' affective competence. It was designed as a case study with qualitative research method. The participants of the study consisted of 19 science and technology teachers with at least five years of experience,…

Eristi, Bahadir; Tunca, Nihal

2012-01-01

485

Fostering Model-Based School Scientific Argumentation Among Prospective Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper aims both to foster and to assess "school scientific argumentation" among secondary science teachers during their pre-service education. For these purposes, the paper uses the meta-scientific construct of "theoretical model" (proposed by the so-called semantic view of scientific theories from contemporary philosophy of science) in three…

Aduriz-Bravo, Agustin

2011-01-01

486

Vocationalism and School Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reviews an important but neglected area of the science curriculum: connections with work and the workplace. The first section offers some historical background, arguing that economic and practical relevance has from the beginning been an important theme within science education. The article then undertakes a broader exploration of the…

Donnelly, James

2009-01-01

487

Vocationalism and school science education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews an important but neglected area of the science curriculum: connections with work and the workplace. The first section offers some historical background, arguing that economic and practical relevance has from the beginning been an important theme within science education. The article then undertakes a broader exploration of the intellectual background, usage and meaning of the term vocationalism

James Donnelly

2009-01-01

488

Science Activities for School Trips.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes ways in which physics-learning activity packets can be used by high school students participating in trips organized by other departments. Provides an example of physics activities incorporated into an airplane trip to Disney World. (CS)

Quint, Walter C.

1980-01-01

489

Technology in the Secondary Science Classroom  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If you're waiting to be convinced that computers offer more than pricey bells and whistles in the classroom, this is the book that will open your mind to technology's potential. But even if you're an early (and avid) adopter, you'll discover intriguing new concepts for technology-based teaching strategies that help students really learn science concepts. The featured technologies range from the easy to master (such as digital cameras) to the more complex (such as Probeware and geographic information systems). Among the chapter topics: � Digital images and video for teaching science � Using computer simulations � Probeware tools for science investigations � Extending inquiry with geo-technologies � Acquiring online data for scientific analysis � Web-based inquiry projects � Online assessments and hearing students think about science The book's emphasis is never on technology for technology's sake. Each chapter includes a summary of current research on the technology's effectiveness in the classroom; best-practice guidelines drawn from the research and practitioner literature; and innovative ideas for teaching with the particular technology. The goal is to stimulate your thinking about using these tools--and deepen your students' engagement in science content.

2007-12-01

490

American Surveys in Secondary Schools and Colleges.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary and college level curriculum development projects that integrated women's history into American survey courses are described, and conclusions are drawn. The college level projects consisted of lecture outlines and bibliographies written and field tested by teachers and an annotated bibliography and six-week curriculum unit developed by…

Campbell, D'Ann

491

Secondary School Students' Attitudes toward Fitness Testing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this investigation was to develop an instrument that has scores that are valid and reliable for measuring students' attitudes toward fitness testing. A second purpose of the study was to determine the attitudes of secondary students toward fitness testing. A review of literature, an elicitation study, and a pilot study were…

Mercier, Kevin John

2011-01-01

492

Software for Secondary-School Learning About Robotics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ROVer Ranch is an interactive computer program designed to help secondary-school students learn about space-program robotics and related basic scientific concepts by involving the students in simplified design and programming tasks that exercise skills in mathematics and science. The tasks involve building simulated robots and then observing how they behave. The program furnishes (1) programming tools that a student can use to assemble and program a simulated robot and (2) a virtual three-dimensional mission simulator for testing the robot. First, the ROVer Ranch presents fundamental information about robotics, mission goals, and facts about the mission environment. On the basis of this information, and using the aforementioned tools, the student assembles a robot by selecting parts from such subsystems as propulsion, navigation, and scientific tools, the student builds a simulated robot to accomplish its mission. Once the robot is built, it is programmed and then placed in a three-dimensional simulated environment. Success or failure in the simulation depends on the planning and design of the robot. Data and results of the mission are available in a summary log once the mission is concluded.

Shelton, Robert O.; Smith, Stephanie L.; Truong, Dat; Hodgson, Terry R.

2005-01-01

493

The princeton junior high school science project  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author of this article is well known as the person who was primarily responsible for developing the tests which accompanied the new secondary school curricula (PSSC Physics et al). He has recently returned to geology, the field in which he took his doctorate, and as a member of the Geology Department at Princeton, is presently devoting full time to

Frederick L. Ferris Jr.

1963-01-01

494

Outline on Secondary School Moral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moral education is political, ideological, moral, and psychological quality education conducted for students. It plays a decisive and guiding role in upholding the socialist nature of schools, assuring the correct political direction in cultivating talent, and promoting the all-around development of students. Guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong…

Chinese Education and Society, 2006

2006-01-01

495

Portraits of Exemplary Secondary Schools: Highland Park.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the effects of community values on Highland Park High School's strong emphasis on academic achievement. The author concludes that high achievers benefit from this approach while mediocre or nonacademically inclined students are neglected. For journal availability, see SO 509 295. (AM)

Lightfoot, Sara Lawrence

1981-01-01

496

Planning Guide for Secondary School Music Facilities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This planning guide focuses on the fundamental requirements for planning and designing school music suites. The guide provides brief explanations of critical factors affecting music suites so that music directors and other stakeholders can more quickly and clearly communicate music area fundamentals to architects and administrators. Topics cover…

Wenger Corp., Owatonna, MN.

497

Best Practices for Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent wave of accountability reform movements has largely overlooked the needs of middle and high school counselors, yet has generated daunting pressure for guidance programs to be standards-based and data-driven. Written from the perspective of a practicing, certified counselor, this guide contains essential information needed to implement…

Shelton, Carla F.; James, Edward L.

2004-01-01

498

Secondary Schooling for Children of the Poor.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses Atlanta's George Washington Carver Comprehensive High School as an example to critiq