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1

Science Guide for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This six-chapter guide is designed to help Georgia teachers adopt or adapt various options into the local school's science curriculum. Major areas addressed in the chapters are: (1) secondary school curriculum development (focusing on performance objectives, sequencing the curriculum, evaluation, and scientific literacy); (2) teaching methods…

Georgia State Dept. of Education, Atlanta. Office of Instructional Services.

2

Secondary School Science Department Chairs Leading Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders…

Gaubatz, Julie A.

2012-01-01

3

Cooperative learning in science: intervention in the secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of cooperative learning in secondary school is reported – an area of considerable concern given attempts to make secondary schools more interactive and gain higher recruitment to university science courses. In this study the intervention group was 259 pupils aged 12–14 years in nine secondary schools, taught by 12 self?selected teachers. Comparison pupils came from both intervention and

K. J. Topping; A. Thurston; A. Tolmie; D. Christie; P. Murray; E. Karagiannidou

2011-01-01

4

Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx  

E-print Network

Computer Science in Elementary and Secondary Schools Viera K. Proulx College of Computer Science In this paper we examine the current computer science curriculum in elementary schools and identify its shortcomings. We then presents a new approach to teaching computer science at the elementary school level. We

Proulx, Viera K.

5

Secondary school science department chairs leading change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Secondary school department chairs are content area specialists in their schools and are responsible for providing students with the most appropriate curricula. However, most secondary school department chairs have limited authority to institute change unilaterally (Gmelch, 1993; Hannay & Erb, 1999). To explore how these educational leaders navigate the change process within their departments, this study examined the change stories of six secondary school science department chairs who had led change attempts. In total, these department chairs shared six stories of successful change attempts and four unsuccessful change attempts. The topics of leadership and change were accessed through department chair interviews, document analysis, and a leadership inventory. Department chair leadership was analyzed with Blake and McCanse's (1991) Leadership Grid, and further explored using Yukl, Gordon, and Taber's (2002) detailed characterization of this grid. The change processes described in these department chair stories were analyzed using the frameworks provided by Ely's (1990) conditions of change, and Havelock and Zlotolow (1995) CREATER change stages model. In general, the findings of this study support Havelock and Zlotolow's CREATER model, as well as Ely's conditions of change, with dissatisfaction with the status quo emerging as the essential condition for successful change. This study connects these change process frameworks to specific leadership strategies and behaviors, and uses these connections to illuminate differences between successful and unsuccessful instances of change. These findings, along with other unanticipated findings emerging from department chair stories of change, such as the adverse influence of contentious resistors and the importance of team construction, add both to the literature on change and leadership and to the crucial point where these concepts intersect.

Gaubatz, Julie A.

6

Bringing Science Research into Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finite element modelling software has been used to allow secondary school students to study nanoscale magnetic materials for hard drive recording applications. The students were introduced to the basic concepts of finite element modelling using a freely available internet game before modelling the magnetization reversal of single magnetic grains.…

Allwood, Dan A.; Dean, Julian; Bryan, Matthew T.; Baker, Alan

2009-01-01

7

Secondary-School Earth Science: A Column for Teachers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Six secondary school teachers describe their most successful earth science investigations. They include various outdoor field activities, road-map reading skills, student-prepared and conducted investigations, and use of several materials for studying volcanoes. (JN)

Christman, Robert

1984-01-01

8

Secondary School Students' Motivation and Achievement in Combined Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated students' motivation and achievement in combined science. A sample of 324 Year 11 students from eight government secondary schools in Brunei Darussalam participated in the study. Of the sample, 141 were boys and 183 were girls and their average age was 16.4 years. The motivation instrument used was adapted from the science

Chow, Shean Jen; Yong, Bob Chui Seng

2013-01-01

9

Attitudes toward Science among Australian Tertiary and Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main purpose of this study was to investigate the factors that might be associated with students' attitudes towards science. The participants were 1745 students from secondary schools and universities across Australia. The results of factor analysis, descriptive statistics, Tukey's post hoc test and correlation analysis demonstrate that there…

Hassan, Ghali

2008-01-01

10

Secondary school students' understanding of the nature of science  

Microsoft Academic Search

A stratified random sample of 32 secondary students chosen from nine schools in eastern and central Newfoundland, Canada,\\u000a were interviewed to determine their views of the nature of science. The interview transcripts were reduced to a set of individualized\\u000a conceptual inventories. A number of general trends were identified. Most students were found to have difficulty establishing\\u000a the domain of science,

Alan K. Griffiths; Maurice Barry

1991-01-01

11

The Secondary School Curriculum and Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two important topics are discussed: (1) adoption of the applications and social interactions of science as a predominant theme in general education; (2) educational problems associated with this development are presented. (DF)

Layton, David

1973-01-01

12

Constructivist practices: Middle and secondary school science teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to examine the instructional practices used by middle and secondary school science teachers from the State of Ohio. Specifically, the study focused on the use of constructivist practices in their teaching. The participants in this study were science teachers from the State of Ohio. A databank including the names and addresses of teachers were received from the State Department of Education. The surveys were mailed to four hundred and sixty five teachers. A survey instrument was mailed to science teachers from the databank along with the cover letter explaining the study and participation agreement. Two hundred and two completed surveys were returned (43%). The survey was categorized into three groups such as Presenting New Information (PNI), Using Learning Activities (ULA), and Assessing Students (AS). Multivariate analysis was used to determine the statistical difference between teachers grade levels of the teachers who reported using constructivist practice sin their classrooms. Results showed that the majority of teachers (70%) report that they use constructivist practices in their classrooms. Results also revealed that teachers use constructivist practices mostly during the presentation of new information. Results also reveal that middle school science teachers use constructivist practices more than the secondary school science teachers. The results of this study hold implications for more research in the area of instructional practices and also careful examination of the beliefs of science teachers.

Star, Rachel Padma

13

Investigating the Impact of Snacks on Secondary School Students' Science Learning and Science Self-Efficacy  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. This study also explored the relationship between teacher science self-efficacy and confidence. The study utilized thirteen (13) teachers participating in an inquiry science professional development that…

Knowles, Reco T.

2012-01-01

14

An Assessment of Science Teachers' Perceptions of Secondary School Environments in Taiwan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the psychosocial environments of secondary schools from science teachers' perspectives, as well as associated variables. Using a sample of 900 secondary science teachers from 52 schools in Taiwan, the results attest to the validity and reliability of the instrument, the Science Teacher School Environment Questionnaire, and…

Huang, Shwu-yong L.

2006-01-01

15

Investigating the Impact of Snacks on Secondary School Students' Science Learning and Science Self-efficacy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. This study also explored the relationship between teacher science self-efficacy and confidence. The study utilized thirteen (13) teachers participating in an inquiry science professional development that occurred on July 24 -30, 2011 at a public state university. The study also employed seventy-five (75) students from a magnet secondary school. Qualitative methods such as interviews both focus group and semi-structured interviews and observations were employed to evaluate the impact of Snacks on secondary school students' science learning and science self-efficacy. The study revealed that Snacks had significant impact on knowledge, attitude, confidence and understanding for both students and teachers. The study also showed that Snacks helped to increase students and teachers' science engagement, interest and enthusiasm.

Knowles, Reco T.

16

Gender Stereotyping and Affective Attitudes towards Science in Chinese Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores explicit and implicit gender-science stereotypes and affective attitudes towards science in a sample of Chinese secondary school students. The results showed that (1) gender-science stereotyping was more and more apparent as the specialization of science subjects progresses through secondary school, becoming stronger from the…

Liu, Mingxin; Hu, Weiping; Jiannong, Shi; Adey, Philip

2010-01-01

17

What Makes Things Happen? Study Guide. Unit B. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Dube, Peter

18

Science Choices in Norwegian Upper Secondary School: What Matters?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

There is international concern about young people's participation in science. This study investigated the relevant importance of various issues in 1628 Norwegian upper secondary students' choices of postcompulsory subject combinations: natural science and mathematics (henceforth Science) or languages, social science and economics (henceforth…

Boe, Maria Vetleseter

2012-01-01

19

Upper Secondary School Pupils' Attitudes towards Natural Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students' attitudes towards natural science constitute an important area in science education as fewer students are interested in natural science and they do not choose corresponding science disciplines in postsecondary education. The current study reports preliminary results of a survey on high school students' interests and attitudes…

Akarsu, Bayram; Kariper, Afsin

2013-01-01

20

An Assessment of Science Teachers' Perceptions of Secondary School Environments in Taiwan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigates the psychosocial environments of secondary schools from science teachers’ perspectives, as well as associated variables. Using a sample of 900 secondary science teachers from 52 schools in Taiwan, the results attest to the validity and reliability of the instrument, the Science Teacher School Environment Questionnaire, and its ability to differentiate among schools. The descriptive results show that a majority of science teachers positively perceived their school environments. The teachers reported high collegiality, good teacher student relations, effective principal leadership, strong professional interest, and low work pressure—but also low staff freedom. Multiple regression results further indicate that policy-relevant variables like school level, school location, and teachers’ intentions to stay in teaching were associated with science teachers’ perceptions of their school environments. Qualitative data analysis based on interviews of 34 science teachers confirmed and enriched these findings.

Huang, Shwu-Yong L.

2006-01-01

21

Parental Involvement, Interest In Schooling And Science Achievement Of Junior Secondary School Students In Ogun State, Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the relative and combined influences of parental involvement and interest in schooling on science achievement of selected Junior Secondary School students in Ogun State, Nigeria. Twelve secondary schools were selected from the four administrative divisions of the State. A sample of 360 students participated in the study and three instruments were used to collect data. The combined

R. A. Olatoye

22

New Mexico State Secondary School Science-Based Nutrition Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide provides instructional materials for a 10-unit secondary-level science-based nutrition course. Each unit contains some or all of the following components: a summary sheet for each function, including generalizations with corresponding objectives, additional learning activities, and additional resources; unit outline; pretest;…

Ecklund, Susan, Ed.; Smalley, Katherine, Ed.

23

Evaluation of Authentic Science Projects on Climate Change in Secondary Schools: A Focus on Gender Differences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background and purpose: This study examines secondary-school students' opinions on participating in authentic science projects which are part of an international EU project on climate change research in seven countries. Partnerships between schools and research institutes result in student projects, in which students work with and learn from…

Dijkstra, Elma; Goedhart, Martin

2011-01-01

24

Upper Secondary School Physical Science Curricula in New Zealand after the National Qualifications Framework Reforms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent structural reforms in New Zealand education have given schools and teachers unprecedented freedom in curricular design and delivery. Using official educational award statistics for 2004 and data arising from a study of 23 schools' upper secondary science curricula in the same year, this study represents an early monitoring of the impact…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Taylor, T. G. Neil

2007-01-01

25

Growing Collegial Cultures in Subject Departments in Secondary Schools: Working with Science Staff.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Considers how particular approaches to leading and managing laboratory technicians in some (British) secondary-school science departments enhanced collegiality. In some schools, lab paraprofessionals are involved in decision-making. Trust, delegation based on ability, cooperative values, inclusive leadership styles, and a sense of belonging were…

Busher, Hugh; Blease, Derek

2000-01-01

26

Secondary School Teachers' Perspectives on Teaching about Topics That Bridge Science and Religion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The question of where to locate teaching about the relationships between science and religion has produced a long-running debate. Currently, science and religious education (RE) are statutory subjects in England and are taught in secondary schools by different teachers. This paper reports on an interview study in which 16 teachers gave their…

Billingsley, Berry; Riga, Fran; Taber, Keith S.; Newdick, Helen

2014-01-01

27

Effects of a Science Education Module on Attitudes towards Modern Biotechnology of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article evaluated the impact of a four-lesson science module on the attitudes of secondary school students. This science module (on cancer and modern biotechnology) utilises several design principles, related to a social constructivist perspective on learning. The expectation was that the module would help students become more articulate in…

Klop, Tanja; Severiens, Sabine E.; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Mil, Marc H. W.; Ten Dam, Geert T. M.

2010-01-01

28

Perspectives and Visions of Computer Science Education in Primary and Secondary (K-12) Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In view of the recent developments in many countries, for example, in the USA and in the UK, it appears that computer science education (CSE) in primary or secondary schools (K-12) has reached a significant turning point, shifting its focus from ICT-oriented to rigorous computer science concepts. The goal of this special issue is to offer a…

Hubwieser, Peter; Armoni, Michal; Giannakos, Michail N.; Mittermeir, Roland T.

2014-01-01

29

Teaching and Learning with ICT within the Subject Culture of Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports some of the findings from the science subject design initiative team in the ESRC Interactive Education Project at the University of Bristol. The subject culture of secondary school science, characterised by a content-laden curriculum and assessment, but also with a tradition and requirement for practical work, is briefly…

la Velle, Linda Baggott; Wishart, Jocelyn; McFarlane, Angela; Brawn, Richard; John, Peter

2007-01-01

30

Upper Secondary School Science and Mathematics Enrolment Patterns in Australia, 1970-1985.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Any consideration of the status of science and mathematics education at the upper secondary school level in Australia must take into account the range of courses offered and the number of students enrolled in the different courses. This monograph describes science and mathematics curricula at national and state levels, and provides full enrollment…

Dekkers, John; And Others

31

Geology and Earth Sciences Sourcebook for Elementary and Secondary Schools, Second Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This earth science resource book, designed for use by elementary and secondary school teachers, presents aspects of earth science which illustrate the significance of matter, energy, forces, motion, time, and space in the dynamics and history of the earth. The major content of this resource manual consists of authoritative information about earth…

Heller, Robert L.

32

Still a stranger here: attitudes among secondary school students towards computer science  

Microsoft Academic Search

Numerous studies have examined the possible explanations for the paucity of women with computer science majors in undergraduate studies. Much of this work has focused on the undergraduate years themselves. We present results from a survey of American secondary school students in advanced mathematics and computer science classes. We conclude that both male and female students continue to see computer

Phoenix Moorman; Elizabeth Johnson

2003-01-01

33

Life, Beginning and Growing. Study Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a three-part unit…

Hosking, Bunty

34

Life, Beginning and Growing. Teacher's Guide. Unit E1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

35

Atoms and Molecules. 'O' Level. Teacher's Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Mandizha, George

36

Sense from Senses. Teacher's Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Simango, Sam

37

Sense from Senses. Study Guide. Unit J. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Simango, Sam

38

Understanding Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

39

Understanding Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Chidume, Kwashira

40

Atoms and Molecules. Study Guide. Unit 2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 3.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the third year of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide is a four-part unit…

Mandizha, George

41

The Chemicals of the Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

42

The Chemicals of the Earth. Study Guide. Unit F2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Stocklmayer, Sue

43

Living Things and Their Food. Teacher's Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

44

Living Things and Their Food. Study Guide. Unit G2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Hosking, Bunty

45

Using Electricity. Study Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities…

Chidume, Kwashira

46

Using Electricity. Teacher's Guide. Unit I2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be used in…

Chidume, Kwashira

47

Forces. Teacher's Guide. Units H1 and H2. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Dock, Alan; Hosking, Bunty

48

Learning to be a Scientist. Study Guide. Unit A1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide introduces students to…

Stocklmayer, Sue

49

Our Planet Earth. Study Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Stocklmayer, Sue

50

Our Planet Earth. Teacher's Guide. Unit F1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide presents activities,…

Stocklmayer, Sue

51

Energy for Living. Teacher's Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This teaching guide, designed to be read in…

Hosking, Bunty

52

Energy for Living. Study Guide. Unit G1. ZIM-SCI, Zimbabwe Secondary School Science Project. Year 2.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Zimbabe Secondary School Science Project (ZIM-SCI) developed student study guides, corresponding teaching guides, and science kits for a low-cost science course which could be taught during the first 2 years of secondary school without the aid of qualified teachers and conventional laboratories. This ZIM-SCI study guide includes activities and…

Hosking, Bunty

53

A Look at the 1959 National Science Foundation's "Summer Science Training Program for High-Ability Secondary School Students."  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 1959 National Science Foundation Summer Science Training for High-Ability Secondary School Students Program contained 117 programs offered by 105 institutions in 37 states and Puerto Rico. For this report, 11 of the 117 programs were selected for visits by an observer highly trained and experienced in mathematics and/or science education. In…

Richardson, Bellows, Henry and Co., Inc., New York, NY.

54

Chinese Secondary School Science Teachers' Understanding of the Nature of Science--Emerging from Their Views of Nature  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The findings reported in this paper report on an investigation of Chinese people's understanding of the nature of science in relation to their conceptualisations of Nature. As an exploratory and interpretive study, it uses semi-structured interviews with 25 Chinese secondary school science teachers. The paper first presents these teachers'…

Ma, Hongming

2009-01-01

55

Quality Science Education at Secondary School Level in Delta State: Are the Libraries and Science Books Available for Use?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to find out the state of science books in libraries in Public Schools in Delta State of Nigeria and to particularly determine the positioning of the libraries for the effective implementation of the senior secondary science curriculum - in the areas of kinds of books available, their quantity, quality and relevance. The design employed

Ajaja O. Patrick; Emperor Kpangban

2007-01-01

56

Mathematics and Science Achievement in the Final Year of Secondary School: IEA's Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) covered five different grade levels, with more than 40 countries collecting data in more than 30 different languages. More than a million students were tested. The present report contains the TIMSS results for students in the final year of secondary school. Mathematics and science

Mullis, Ina V. S.; Martin, Michael O.; Beaton, Albert E.; Gonzalez, Eugenio J.; Kelly, Dana L.; Smith, Teresa A.

57

Challenges and Opportunities: Using a Science-Based Video Game in Secondary School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Simulations and games are not new artifacts to the study of science in secondary school settings (Hug, Kriajcik and Marx 2005), however teachers remain skeptical as to their value, use and appropriateness (Rice 2006). The difficulty is not only the design and development of effective play environments that produce measurable changes in knowledge…

Muehrer, Rachel; Jenson, Jennifer; Friedberg, Jeremy; Husain, Nicole

2012-01-01

58

Collaboration between Science and Religious Education Teachers in Scottish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The article reports on quantitative research that examines: (1) the current practice in collaboration; and (2) potential for collaboration between Science and Religious Education teachers in a large sample of Scottish secondary schools. The authors adopt and adapt three models ("conflict"; "concordat" and…

Hall, Stuart; McKinney, Stephen; Lowden, Kevin; Smith, Marjorie; Beaumont, Paul

2014-01-01

59

Pedagogic Thinking that Grounds E-Learning for Secondary School Science Students in New Zealand  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Course designers adopted a language-learners approach to the online teaching of New Zealand secondary school students in the subject of astronomy. This was possible because the curriculum for astronomy that was in 2004 established as a part of New Zealand's national curriculum was specifically designed to engage underachieving students in science

Shaw, Robert

2007-01-01

60

Implementation and Evaluation of Computer Science in an Indian Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses various factors involved in planning and implementing an introductory computer science course in an Indian secondary school located in Bahrain. Topics discussed include computer literacy; selection criteria for microcomputers; funding; computer laboratories; teacher training; criteria for student selection; students' viewpoints; teaching…

Khan, Emdad H.; Sharma, Anil K.

1990-01-01

61

Introduction of the Concepts of Plate Tectonics into Secondary-School Earth Science Textbooks.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school earth-science textbooks in print from 1960 through 1979 were examined to determine how rapidly concepts of plate tectonics were incorporated into those texts during the period when scientists' views about these concepts were evolving most rapidly. Suggests that delays were probably due to an unwillingness to engage in speculation…

Glenn, William Harold

1992-01-01

62

Teachers' Quality, Instructional Strategies and Students' Performance in Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the instruction between two independent variables of Teacher Quality and Instructional Strategy on Students Performance in Secondary School Science. In trying to examine the problem of this study, three null hypotheses were generated for testing at 0.05 level of significance Factorial Analysis of variance design with one…

Okoye, Nnamid S.; Momoh, Solomon O.; Aigbomian, Daniel O.; Okecha, Rita Ebele

2008-01-01

63

The Investigation of Secondary School Science and Mathematics Pre-Service Teachers' Attitudes towards Teaching Profession  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to determine how pedagogical content courses taken during teacher education programs affect the pre-service teachers' attitudes toward teaching profession. 239 secondary school science and Mathematics (Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Mathematics) pre-service teachers participated in the study and "Teaching Professional…

Akbulut, Omer Engin; Karakus, Fatih

2011-01-01

64

Supporting and Resourcing Secondary Science Teachers in Rural and Regional Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports on the outcomes of a pilot project to support secondary teachers of science in rural and regional Tasmania. The pilot project involved eight regional schools and was based on the provision of a kit of materials and an associated learning program that used brine shrimp or "sea-monkeys" to test for water quality. The unit was…

Kenny, John; Seen, Andrew; Purser, John

2008-01-01

65

The Research Dynamic: A Professional Development Model for Secondary School Science Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay summarizes the author's 10 years of experience at the Oklahoma Medical Research Foundation mentoring secondary school science teachers during 8-wk Summer Research Insti- tutes. The summary is presented as a learning model, which we call the research dynamic. This model consists of three interlocked components: specified ignorance, peer interactions, and gateway experiments. Specified ignorance is based on the

Philip M. Silverman

2009-01-01

66

SuperQuest: A Historical Retrospective on a Computational Science Program for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 10 years high performance computers and communications have had a profound impact on the way science is done at research universities. This impact has extended into the undergraduate curriculum and has also been felt at the secondary school level through programs such as the SuperQuest program. This paper describes the background and…

Doerr, Helen M.

67

Selective Attentional Effects of Adjunct Study Questions on Achievement in Nigerian Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study investigated the selective attentional effects of adjunct study questions inserted before or after the presentation of science flow diagrams. The basic design for the study was a post-test only control group design involving a total of 252 students randomly selected from six secondary schools in Ile-Ife, Oshun State Nigeria. These were…

Okoye, Nnamdi S.

2008-01-01

68

Science and Mathematics Books for Elementary and Secondary Schools, A Bibliography from the Educational Materials Center.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an annotated bibliography of science and mathematics textbooks and juvenile trade books received in the Educational Materials Center between January, 1969 and February, 1970. The contents are divided into two major sections: Juvenile Literature, and Textbooks for Elementary and Secondary Schools. The first section includes only those books…

Watt, Lois B.; And Others

69

Students’ Views About Secondary School Science Lessons: The Role of Practical Work  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports an interpretive study that sought students' views about the role that practical work plays in their school\\u000a science lessons. Twenty-nine students aged between 13 and 16 years were selected from three secondary schools in England.\\u000a Data were collected from initial lesson observations and in-depth interviews in order to explore students’ views about practical\\u000a work. The findings suggest that

Rob Toplis

2011-01-01

70

Mentor teachers' perceptions of their own professional development within a secondary science professional development school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Mentor teachers' perceptions of their professional development within a secondary science professional development school were studied using grounded theory within a postmodern lens. The driving questions which framed this study were: How do mentor teachers' perceive their own professional development in the context of an emerging secondary science Professional Development School? How is mentor professional development supported or inhibited in this secondary science PDS? How do mentor teachers' perceive teaching science through inquiry in the context of this secondary science Professional Development School? In what ways do mentor teachers view themselves as participants in a community of learners within the PDS context? Seven secondary science mentor teachers were purposefully selected as participants based on their commitment to mentor a pre-service science education intern for one school year. The primary sources of data were two semi-structured interviews, one taken early in the school year, and the other taken near or at the end of the school year. Other sources of data were participant mentor journal entries, focus group notes, written mentor responses to an inquiry prompt and professional development prompt, and the Secondary Science Professional Development Handbook which the participant/focus group generated. These additional data sources were used to help reach consensus as well as add richness to the study. Data were analyzed initially using the grounded theory qualitative software ATLASti (1997), to discover codes and patterns of connectivity. Results of initial analysis were compared with subsequent data analysis, and member check for clarification and consensus. Mentors in this study identified six dimensions which influenced their professional development. Five of these enhanced their practice. These were: benefits, roles, goals, preparation, and support. Participants also identified barriers which inhibited their professional growth. The most significant of these was isolation. In addition, multiple and diverse patterns of connectivity which cut across all six of the previous dimensions and changed with time were identified. These were: (1) Mentors' reflection on their practice, and (2) Mentors' focus and self-view which connected them to their interns and their practice. The theory generated from this study is: Mentor teachers' professional development is mediated by interns in the context of a science PDS. The three supporting assertions for this theory are: (1) Mentors' reflection, focus and self-view influenced the extent of their professional development, (2) The PDS partnership mentor/intern pair successfully negotiated and collaborated, but in isolation, and (3) Mentor/intern pairs developed models of teaching science through inquiry. This study's finding were used as a basis of recommendations for research and practice.

Kreamer, Sherry Maureen

71

Environmental earth science course development for preservice secondary school science teachers in the Republic of Korea  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purposes of this study were: (1) evaluating the opinions of Korean professors, in departments of earth science education and departments of geology about the science concepts related to environmental issues that might be important for secondary, preservice earth science teachers in Korea, (2) ranking the environmental education topics to be included in a one-semester, sophomore-level, earth science courses for

Donghee Sheen Shin

1997-01-01

72

A Science-Technology-Society Paradigm and Cross River State Secondary School Students' Scientific Literacy: Problem Solving and Decision Making  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of Science-Technology-Society (STS) curriculum on students' scientific literacy, problem solving and decision making. Four hundred and eighty (480) Senior Secondary two science and non-science students were randomly selected from intact classes in six secondary schools in Calabar Municipality of…

Umoren, Grace

2007-01-01

73

Educator Preparedness to Teach Environmental Science in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assesses the environmental proficiency of Texas life science educators certified from 2003 to 2011 by analyzing their TExES 138 8-12 exam results in domains V and VI. The sample consisted of all the individuals that took and passed the TExES 138 life science 8-12 exam. During this period, approximately 41% of the individuals who took…

Guillory, Linus Joseph, Jr.

2012-01-01

74

Computer-Integrated Instruction Inservice Notebook: Secondary School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this notebook is to assist educators who are designing and implementing inservice education programs to facilitate the effective use of computer integrated instruction (CII) in schools. It is divided into the following five sections: (1) Effective Inservice (a brief summary of inservice literature focused on inservice dimensions and…

Franklin, Sharon, Ed.; Strudler, Neal, Ed.

75

Spanish Secondary-School Science Teachers' Beliefs about Science-Technology-Society (STS) Issues  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes the beliefs about science-technology-society, and other Nature of Science (NOS) themes, of a large sample (613) of Spanish pre- and in-service secondary education teachers through their responses to 30 items of the Questionnaire of Opinions on Science, Technology and Society. The data were processed by means of a multiple…

Vazquez-Alonso, Angel; Garcia-Carmona, Antonio; Manassero-Mas, Maria Antonia; Bennassar-Roig, Antoni

2013-01-01

76

Instructional strategies in science classrooms of specialized secondary schools for the gifted  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the extent to which science teachers in Academic Year Governor's Schools were adhering to the national standards for suggested science instruction and providing an appropriate learning environment for gifted learners. The study asked 13 directors, 54 instructors of advanced science courses, and 1190 students of advanced science courses in 13 Academic Year Governor's Schools in Virginia to respond to researcher-developed surveys and to participate in classroom observations. The surveys and classroom observations collected demographic data as well as instructors' and students' perceptions of the use of various instructional strategies related to national science reform and gifted education recommendations. Chi-square analyses were used to ascertain significant differences between instructors' and students' perceptions. Findings indicated that instructors of advanced science classes in secondary schools for the gifted are implementing nationally recognized gifted education and science education instructional strategies with less frequency than desired. Both students and instructors concur that these strategies are being implemented in the classroom setting, and both concur as to the frequency with which the implementation occurs. There was no significant difference between instructors' and students' perceptions of the frequency of implementation of instructional strategies. Unfortunately, there was not a single strategy that students and teachers felt was being implemented on a weekly or daily basis across 90% of the sampled classrooms. Staff development in gifted education was found to be minimal as an ongoing practice. While this study offers some insights into the frequency of strategy usage, the study needs more classroom observations to support findings; an area of needed future research. While this study was conducted at the secondary level, research into instructional practices at the middle school and elementary school gifted science classroom settings would be appropriate and warranted.

Poland, Donna Lorraine

77

In Praise of Questions: Elevating the Role of Questions for Inquiry in Secondary School Science  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

If scientific inquiry is to be part of the focus in secondary school science, teachers must develop learning situations in which question posing is essential and they must help students learn how to pose scientifically oriented questions. In focusing on questions, teachers and students both play an important role the classroom. Teachers provide rich inquiry-based opportunities for students, while students engage in exploring the phenomena they encounter in class.

Catherine Milne

2008-01-01

78

The effects of a professional development geoscience education institute upon secondary school science teachers in Puerto Rico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The geographic and geologic settings of Puerto Rico served as the context to develop a mixed methods investigation on: (1) the effects of a five-day long constructivist and field-based earth science education professional development institute upon 26 secondary school science teachers' earth science conceptual knowledge, perceptions of fieldwork, and beliefs about teaching earth science; and (2) the implementation of participants'

Pablo Antonio Llerandi Roman

2007-01-01

79

Impacts of an Inquiry Teaching Method on Earth Science Students' Learning Outcomes and Attitudes at the Secondary School Level.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper summarizes two companion studies that were designed to investigate the impacts of an inquiry teaching method on Earth science students' achievement and attitudes towards Earth science in secondary schools. Subjects were 557 students (9th grade) enrolled in 14 Earth science classes. Two Earth science units, including topics of astronomy…

Mao, Song-Ling; Chang, Chun-Yen

80

Teaching Soil Science in Primary and Secondary Schools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Earth's thin layer of soil is a fragile resource, made up of minerals, organic materials, air, water, and billions of living organisms. Soils plays a variety of critical roles that sustain life on Earth. If we think about soil, we tend to see it first as the source of most of the food we eat and the fibers we use, such as wood and cotton. Few students realize that soils also provide the key ingredients to many of the medicines (including antibiotics), cosmetics, and dyes that we use. Fewer still understand the importance of soils in integrating, controlling, and regulating the movement of air, water, materials, and energy between the hydrosphere, lithosphere, atmosphere, and biosphere. Because soil sustains life, it offers both a context and a natural laboratory for investigating these interactions. The enclosed poster, which integrates soil profiles with typical landscapes in which soils form, can also help students explore the interrelationships of Earth systems and gain an understanding of our soil resources. The poster, produced jointly by the American Geological Institute and the Soil Science Society of America, aims to increase awareness of the importance of soil, as does the GLOBE (Global Learning and Observations To Benefit the Environment) Program. Vice President Al Gore instituted the GLOBE Program on Earth Day of 1993 to increase environmental awareness of individuals throughout the world, contribute to a better scientific understanding of the Earth, and help all students reach higher levels of achievement in science and mathematics. GLOBE functions as a partnership between scientists, students, and teachers in which scientists design protocols for specific measurements they need for their research that can be performed by K-12 students. Teachers are trained in the GLOBE protocols and teach them to their students. Students make the measurements, enter data via the Internet to a central data archive, and the data becomes available to scientists and the general community. Students benefit by having a "hands-on"experience in science, math, and technology, using their local environment as a learning laboratory, as well as contact with scientists and other students around the world. Soil investigations have become an essential component of GLOBE. The protocols that have been developed so far within the GLOBE program include GPS Location, Atmosphere/Climate, Soil Characterization, Soil Moisture and Temperature, Land Cover/Biometry, Hydrology, and Satellite Image Classification. For the GLOBE Soil Characterization Protocol, students explore the physical. chemical, and morphological properties of the soil at their study site. They are asked to dig a pit or use an auger to about 1 meter at at least 2 sites.

Levine, Elissa R.

1998-01-01

81

IMPACTS OF THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATIONS SUMMER SCIENCE PROGRAM FOR HIGH ABILITY SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

EXAMINED ARE THE EFFECTS OF SUMMER SCIENCE PROGRAMS ON PARTICIPANTS, THEIR HIGH SCHOOLS, THEIR FUTURE EDUCATIONAL PLANS AND CAREERS, AND THE HOST INSTITUTION. ESTABLISHED CRITERIA WERE USED TO SELECT 18 OF 147 PROGRAMS SPONSORED BY THE NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION IN 1960. ORIENTATION, CLASSROOM, AND RESEARCH PROGRAMS WERE INCLUDED IN THE SAMPLE.…

EDGERTON, HAROLD A.

82

Science/Technology/Society: A Framework for Curriculum Reform in Secondary School Science and Social Studies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Science/Technology/Society (STS) theme describes a contemporary trend in education which focuses on the teaching of issues such as air quality, nuclear power, land use, and water resources but justification for including STS in the high school core curriculum has a precedence based on historical connections among science, technology, and…

Hickman, Faith M.; And Others

83

Investigating how implementing interactive technologies in a secondary school science program influences student attitude and motivation towards science learning  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research study was an action research study comparing student attitudes and motivation toward science learning before and after the implementation of interactive technologies into secondary school science classrooms. Quantitative data were collected through survey questionnaires completed before and after the new technologies had been introduced. Results were analyzed using analysis of variance to determine if there were any statistically significant increases in students' motivation towards science learning. In the analysis of the student questionnaires, there were no quantitative data found to indicate that the inclusion of interactive technologies have increased student attitude or motivation towards learning science in this sample population. While the study did not generate any significant conclusions, it did provide information and recommendations into how technology could be better utilized in this secondary setting.

Cobb, Griffin Michael

84

Challenges and opportunities: using a science-based video game in secondary school settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simulations and games are not new artifacts to the study of science in secondary school settings (Hug, Kriajcik and Marx 2005), however teachers remain skeptical as to their value, use and appropriateness (Rice 2006). The difficulty is not only the design and development of effective play environments that produce measurable changes in knowledge and/or understanding, but also in their on-the-ground use (Jaipal and Figg 2010). This paper reports on the use of a science-focused video game in five very different secondary school settings in Ontario, Canada. A mixed-methods approach was used in the study, and included data gathered on general gameplay habits and technology use, as well as informal interviews with teachers and students who played the game. In total, 161 participants played a series of games focused on the "life of a plant", and were given both a pre and post quiz to determine if the game helped them retain and/or change what they knew about scientific processes like plant cell anatomy and photosynthesis. Participants showed statistically significant improvement on quizzes that were taken after playing the game for approximately one-hour sessions, despite difficulties in some cases both accessing and playing the game for the full hour. Our findings also reveal the ongoing challenges in making use of technology in a variety of school sessions, even when using a browser-based game, that demanded very little other than a reliable internet connection.

Muehrer, Rachel; Jenson, Jennifer; Friedberg, Jeremy; Husain, Nicole

2012-12-01

85

Organizational health and the achievement level of students in science at the secondary-level schools in Sri Lanka  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study sought to identify those organizational health factors that might have overriding influence on the achievement level of students in science in Sri Lankan secondary schools. This study involved 752 students, 33 science teachers, and 10 principals from two different districts, Ampara and Colombo, in Sri Lanka. Ten Tamil medium, secondary level, public schools were selected to participate in this study. Data were collected using four types of instruments: a questionnaire for pupils; interview schedules for science teachers and principals; checklists for classroom/school facilities, science laboratory facilities, and science practicals; and a science achievement test. The analysis focused on the collective perceptions of students, science teachers, and principals. Regression and path analyses were used as major analysis techniques, and the qualitative data provided by science teachers and principals were considered for a crosschecking of the quantitative inferences. The researcher found teacher affiliation, academic emphasis, and instructional leadership of the principal, in descending order, were the overriding influential factors on the achievement level of students in science in Sri Lankan secondary schools. At the same time a similar descending order was found in their mean values and qualities. The researcher concluded that increasing the quality of the organizational health factors in Sri Lankan secondary schools would result in improved better achievement in science. The findings further indicate that instructional leadership of the principal had both direct and indirect effects on students' achievement in science when academic emphasis and teacher affiliation were taken into account. In addition, the resource support of the principal did not make any difference in students' science achievement and the findings stress the availability of the resources for individual students instead of assuming the general facilities of the school are available to all students of the school.

Pakkeer-Jaufar, Pakkeer Cadermohideen

86

Evaluation of the Use of Remote Laboratories for Secondary School Science Education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Laboratory experimentation is generally considered central to science-based education. Allowing students to "experience" science through various forms of carefully designed practical work, including experimentation, is often claimed to support their learning and motivate their engagement while fulfilling specific curriculum requirements. However, logistical constraints (most especially related to funding) place significant limitations on the ability of schools to provide and maintain high-quality science laboratory experiences and equipment. One potential solution that has recently been the subject of growing interest is the use of remotely accessible laboratories to either supplant, or more commonly to supplement, conventional hands-on laboratories. Remote laboratories allow students and teachers to use high-speed networks, coupled with cameras, sensors, and controllers, to carry out experiments on real physical laboratory apparatus that is located remotely from the student. Research has shown that when used appropriately this can bring a range of potential benefits, including the ability to share resources across multiple institutions, support access to facilities that would otherwise be inaccessible for cost or technical reasons, and provide augmentation of the experimental experience. Whilst there has been considerable work on evaluating the use of remote laboratories within tertiary education, consideration of their role within secondary school science education is much more limited. This paper describes trials of the use of remote laboratories within secondary schools, reporting on the student and teacher reactions to their interactions with the laboratories. The paper concludes that remote laboratories can be highly beneficial, but considerable care must be taken to ensure that their design and delivery address a number of critical issues identified in this paper.

Lowe, David; Newcombe, Peter; Stumpers, Ben

2013-06-01

87

The Attitudes of First Year Senior Secondary School Students toward Their Science Classes in the Sudan  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study examined the influence of a set of relevant independent variables on students' decision to major in math or science disciplines, on the one hand, or arts or humanities disciplines, on the other. The independent variables of interest in the study were students' attitudes toward science, their gender, their socioeconomic status, their age, and the strength and direction of parents' and peers' influences on their academic decisions. The study answered five research questions that concerned students' intention in math or science, the association between students' attitudes and their choice to major in math or science, the extent to which parents' and peers' perspectives influence students' choice of major, and the influence of a combination of relevant variables on students' choice of major. The scholarly context for the study was literature relating to students' attitudes toward science and math, their likelihood of taking courses or majoring in science or math and various conditions influencing their attitudes and actions with respect to enrollment in science or math disciplines. This literature suggested that students' experiences, their gender, parents' and peers' influence, their socio-economic status, teachers' treatment of them, school curricula, school culture, and other variables may influence students' attitudes toward science and math and their decision regarding the study of these subjects. The study used a questionnaire comprised of 28 items to elicit information from students. Based upon cluster sampling of secondary schools, the researcher surveyed 1000 students from 10 secondary schools and received 987 responses. The researcher used SPSS to analyze students' responses. Descriptive statistics, logistic regression, and multiple regression analyses to provide findings that address the study's research questions. The following are the major findings from the study: (1) The instrument used to measure students' attitudes toward science and mathematics was not highly reliable, perhaps contributing to an attenuation of the relationship between attitude toward science and mathematics and choice of a science or mathematics major (rather than an arts or humanities major). (2) Far more students than the researcher had anticipated provided responses indicating that they planned to major in a science or mathematics discipline rather than an arts or humanities discipline. (3) Students' attitudes towards math and science were more favorable than the researcher anticipated based on findings from previous related studies. This result suggests the possibility of social desirability bias in students' responses. (4) Three significant predicator variables contributed to a significant logistic regression equation in which choice of science or mathematics major was the dependent variable: gender (negative association), attitude toward science and math (positive association), and peer influence 1 (positive association). Gender was the strongest predictor. (5) Five significant predictor variables contributed to a significant multiple linear regression equation in which attitude toward science and mathematics was the dependent variable: peer influence 1 (positive association), parent influence 1 (positive association), parent influence 2 (positive association), books in home (positive association), and peer influence 2 (positive association). The results reveal that among the targeted variables (gender, attitude, peer influence 1, peer influence 2, parent influence 1, parent influence 2, books in home, and age) only gender, peer influence 1, and attitude were significant predictors of students' major in math or science.

Lado, Longun Moses

88

An Investigation of Science Teaching Practices in Indonesian Rural Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study reports on teaching practices in science classrooms of Indonesian lower secondary schools in rural areas. Using six schools from three districts in the province of Kalimantan Selatan as the sample, this study found that most teaching practices in science classrooms in rural schools were teacher-centred with students copying notes. However, the study also found unique teaching practices of an exemplary science teacher whose teaching style can be described as both student-centred and teacher-centred, with students encouraged to be active learners. Four features of exemplary teaching practices were identified: The teacher managed the classroom effectively; used a variety of questioning techniques; employed various teaching approaches instead of traditional methods; and created a favourable learning environment. Data from classroom observations, interviews with teachers, and students responses to a questionnaire were used to compare the exemplary teacher and his colleagues. This study identified internal factors that may affect teaching practices such as a teachers content knowledge and beliefs about teaching. Compared to the other teachers, the exemplary teacher possessed more content knowledge and had a relatively stronger belief in his ability to teach.

Wahyudi; Treagust, David F.

2004-08-01

89

Study Behaviour and Achievement in Science of Form Five Pupils in Two Secondary Schools in Kuala Lumpur.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study sought to obtain insight into the pattern of relationships between students' achievement in science and study behavior variables. Surveyed were 17-year-olds in the science stream of two secondary schools in Kuala Lumpur. Sex differences were found. (MNS)

Gan, Siowck Lee

1984-01-01

90

INTEC: Professional Development for Middle School and Secondary Math/Science Teachers  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

INTEC, the International Netcourse Teacher Enhancement Coalition Project, offers a unique opportunity for middle and secondary math and science teachers to participate in a web course that emphasizes inquiry-based learning in a collaborative environment. INTEC provides teachers with inquiry-based curricular materials, including in some cases, software and equipment, to craft their own lessons. Web discussions, local study group meetings, and a net-seminar are part of the course. Dr. Raymond Rose directs this National Science Foundation funded project, which is a part of the Massachusetts based Concord Consortium. Recruitment for Fall 1998 focuses on groups of teachers and school districts rather than on individuals. The course is free of charge, although the option to take the course for four graduate credits for a fee is available.

1998-01-01

91

Spanish Secondary-School Science Teachers' Beliefs About Science-Technology-Society (STS) Issues  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study analyzes the beliefs about science-technology-society, and other Nature of Science (NOS) themes, of a large sample (613) of Spanish pre- and in-service secondary education teachers through their responses to 30 items of the Questionnaire of Opinions on Science, Technology and Society. The data were processed by means of a multiple response model to generate the belief indices used as the bases for subsequent quantitative and qualitative analyses. Other studies have reported a negative profile of teachers' understanding in this area, but the diagnosis emerging from the present work is more complex. There was a mix of appropriate beliefs coexisting with others that are inappropriate on the topics analyzed. The overall assessment, however, is negative since clearly teachers need to have a better understanding of these questions. There were scant differences between the pre- and in-service teachers, and hence no decisive evidence that the practice of teaching contributes to improving the in-service teachers' understanding. These results suggest there is an urgent need to bring the initial and continuing education of science teachers up to date to improve their understanding of these topics of science curricula, and thus improve the teaching of science.

Vázquez-Alonso, Ángel; García-Carmona, Antonio; Manassero-Mas, María Antonia; Bennàssar-Roig, Antoni

2013-05-01

92

An investigation into the attitudes of secondary school science teachers toward professional development in a northern Delaware school district  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Teachers' feelings toward staff development have a powerful influence toward the efficacy and productivity of these inservice days. The success of inservice days for secondary science teachers depends, in large part, on how the teachers perceive these days and how much of a success they allow them to be. Inservices thrust upon teachers without their input and without regard to their needs and preferences are generally viewed as ineffective, nonproductive, and something to be resented. The school district in northern Delaware featured in this study does not solicit the input of its staff in planning professional development opportunities and inservice offerings. Math and English teachers are on the front lines of change and increased efforts to find and use more effective methods of professional development. With an eye to improving science test scores via increased efficiency in the science classroom, it makes sense to get an initial, district-wide impression of the state of science professional development before effort is further expended in this area. The purpose of this study is to gauge how the attitudes and perceptions of staff development by secondary science teachers in a school district in northern Delaware are influenced by the inservice offerings of that district. It is also an attempt to pinpoint the secondary science teachers' attitudes toward professional development in that school district. The results of this study typify a district that does not plan professional development with the goal of increasing student performance via best practices, but rather one that uses convenient, arbitrary objectives as an end to their planning. Teacher attitudes are what may be expected from working in a system where professional respect is absent with regard to treating them like professionals who know what they want and need to help their students achieve academically. This district, like thousands of others in the country, can expect to get the same results from professional development if they keep doing the same thing. However, another implication from this study is that the district can break out of their cycle of ineffective professional development. Several approaches for improvement have been identified in this study.

Feil, Mark Richard

93

Teaching Geologic/Earth Science Remote Sensing at the Collegiate and the Secondary School Level  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes util satellite photography, satellite remote sensing, and high altitude aircraft photography for teaching environmental and ecological aspects of earth science at the secondary or college levels. (SL)

Fisher, John J.

1977-01-01

94

Improving math and science education in charter secondary schools through the use of technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study was conducted to examine the promising practices of using technology in teaching math and science in charter schools in California. The study was conducted under the auspices of the Center for Educational Governance (CEG) which hopes to compile the promising practices into an Internet-based compendium to be replicated by others. The research employed an in-depth qualitative case study method. It was conducted in two secondary schools in different school districts in the state of California over a two-month period. The main participants were principals, lead teachers, teachers, and support staff. Interviews, observations, and archival documents were the main data collection tools. Face to face interviews were conducted with the principals, lead teachers of technology, teachers, and a support staff (Network Administrator). Technology lab and professional development activities were observed. Interviews were tape-recorded and transcribed. The study found that one school (MSA) has the promising practice of using technology to enhance the subject matter knowledge of students by using computers to further explore concepts already learned in the regular classroom. The other school (CART) has the promising practice of applying technology to real life situations as a teaching pedagogy. The result of these practices is the positive outcomes in the following areas: Increased student achievement in standardized teat scores, increased motivation, growth in mean GPA, less behavior problems from students, and improved school attendance by students. The implications for policy and practice include: Teachers having the knowledge of the benefits of constructive teaching in the classroom; principals understanding that professional development activities for technology integration will vary in complexities and depends on needs of teachers; policy makers identifying needs and establishing goals; and researchers conducting more qualitative studies to gather evidence to demonstrate the progression of learning in the technology classroom.

Ojose, Bobby

95

Environmental Education Course Development for Preservice Secondary School Science Teachers in the Republic of Korea.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Uses an opinionnaire survey to evaluate the opinions of Korean professors in earth science education and geology departments on science concepts related to environmental issues that might be important for secondary preservice earth science teachers. Respondents favored an environmental earth science course that emphasized human impact on the…

Shin, Donghee S.

2000-01-01

96

Investigating the Use of Integrated Instructions to Reduce the Cognitive Load Associated with Doing Practical Work in Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the effects of integrated illustrations on understanding instructions for practical work in science. Ninety-six secondary school students who were unfamiliar with the target content knowledge and practical equipment took part. The students were divided into two conditions: (1) modified instructions containing integrated…

Haslam, Carolyn Yvonne; Hamilton, Richard Joseph

2010-01-01

97

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience,…

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-01-01

98

The Development and Evaluation of Physical Science Curriculum Materials Designed to Improve the Attitudes of the Secondary School Slow Learner.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate physical science curriculum materials suitable for secondary school age slow learners. A unit on measuring heat and temperature was developed, using guidelines based on a study of the characteristics of students of below-average intelligence (I.Q. between 75 to 90) and reading ability at or…

Milson, James Lee

99

Sources of Job Satisfaction in Science Secondary School Teachers in Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates job satisfaction of Chilean secondary school teachers. Determines that teachers were most satisfied with interactions with students, relationships within the school, and opportunities to contribute to the development of individuals, future generations, and society. Shows that the main dissatisfactions are poor salary, excessive…

Hean, Sarah; Garrett, Roger

2001-01-01

100

The Integration of Modern Sciences into the American Secondary School, 1890--1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

School reforms in the late 19th century, mirroring larger social, economic, and political changes in American society, account für the permanent lodging of science into the high school curriculum. Major changes in science courses, texts, and instruction occurred in these years. These changes then and since, however, were marked by ideological struggles among groups of reformers representing university academics, policy

Larry Cuban

1999-01-01

101

Indigenous and Western knowledges in science education: An ethnographic study of rural and urban secondary schools and classrooms in Kenya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In Kenya, indigenous knowledges related to the natural sciences are not considered in the formal science education of secondary students. Despite the prevalence of studies that examine indigenous knowledges in Kenyan school and community contexts, the perspectives of students and teachers concerning indigenous natural science knowledges and their function in the formal educational arena are remarkably absent from discussions of indigenous knowledges. How do Kenyan students and teachers view indigenous natural science knowledges and their role in formal educational formats and contexts? In this dissertation, I draw on ethnographic data collected in rural and urban public secondary schools in Kenya to explore the dichotomization of indigenous and Western science knowledges agriculture, biology, and geography classrooms. The dichotomization of these knowledges is well established in Kenya due to historical factors, state control of curricula and evaluation, and the politicization of indigenous knowledges and people. However, the research carried out for this dissertation in rural and urban secondary schools in Kenya also shows that this dichotomy is present in student and teacher voices as well. In order to move beyond the binary representations of these knowledges, I suggest the use of curricular and critical perspectives to (re)envision a more contextualized and relevant natural science education for all Kenyans.

O'Hern, Darren M.

102

Changes in perceptions and attitudes of pre-service post-graduate secondary school science teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article deals with perceptual and attitudinal changes of British post?graduate pre?service secondary science teachers during and following their education and training year at the University of Keele, UK. Specifically, the following aspects were addressed: views about education through science; views about the aims and goals of science education, classroom management, teaching schemes and instructional strategies; their self?concepts as science

Nir Orion; David B. Thompson

1996-01-01

103

Using an Inquiry Approach to Teach Science to Secondary School Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Leaders in science education have actively promoted inquiry science since the 1960s and continue to do so today. The US National Science Education Standards recommend that science instruction and learning should be well grounded in inquiry. In spite of these efforts, however, little has changed in the way science is taught. Teacher-talk and…

McBride, John W.; Bhatti, Muhammad I.; Hannan, Mohammad A.; Feinberg, Martin

2004-01-01

104

A Qualitative Study of Secondary Science Teachers in a Public School and a Conservative Christian School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study incorporated classroom observations and taped interviews designed to reveal what each teacher believed about such matters as the nature of science and knowledge, the nature and purpose of education in general and science education in particular, and basic beliefs regarding God and purpose in life. Classroom practices of the…

Groves, Fred H.

105

Assessing In-service Secondary School Science Teachers knowledge base about global climate change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Global climate change (GCC) is a crucial environmental issue that is challenging all Americans. With an effective collaboration between researchers, scientists and teachers, conceptual frameworks and methods can be developed for creating climate change content for classroom implementation. In this paper, we describe how teachers' conceptualize and understand global climate change. The information generated by this study can further be used to develop theme based, structured curricula to enhance teachers' understanding of the phenomenon of global climate change. Recent national documents concerning science education have focused on an Earth System approach and concentrate on the fundamental concepts and big ideas in earth science and climate change (e.g., The Earth Science Literacy Initiative (ESLI) (National Science Foundation (NSF), 2009) and Climate Literacy: The Essential Principles of Climate Science (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), 2009)). Unfortunately, research related to teachers' earth science content knowledge has not focused on an earth systems approach rather researchers have examined teachers' misconceptions about isolated earth science concepts, such as moon phases and plate tectonics. While such research implies teachers' lack of knowledge and awareness of earth as a system, it does not provide direct information about teachers' earth system knowledge. Similarly, research on teachers' and students' knowledge of climate change has focused on isolated topics, such as the greenhouse effect and global warming. Our study focused on eliciting secondary school science teachers' understanding of global climate change using a multifaceted and integrated approach. We do so in the context of a 3-year teacher professional development program where the climate science content provided to the teachers was aligned with essential principles of climate science (EPCS-National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA), 2009). Our study was guided by the following research questions 1) What is the nature of teachers' climate literacy? 2)What is the structure of teachers' knowledge of climate change?3)What is the level of teachers' understanding of principles essential to understand Earth's climate system? This study employed a phenomenographical approach to analyze data for a qualitative measurement of different ways in which the teachers experienced and conceptualized climate change. We collected and analyzed data from the teachers' concept maps, supplemented it with the data from the Photo Elicitation Interviews and then aligned the outcomes with the seven essential principals of climate literacy (EPCS) to estimate the distribution of teacher knowledge. Our findings indicate that where teachers understand a diverse array of topics related to the science of global climate change, they need specific tools like place-based data simulations to correlate various local and global aspects of the phenomenon. Our findings also indicate teachers' perceptions about timescale, data projections using modeling and the level of uncertainty in the data. Our results will provide crucial information about providing conceptual knowledge and addressing misconceptions regarding the science of climate change and the educational approach towards teaching it in the best possible way.

Bhattacharya, D.; Roehrig, G. H.; Karahan, E.; Liu, S.

2012-12-01

106

Science Education and the Material Culture of the Nineteenth-Century Classroom: Physics and Chemistry in Spanish Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although a large number of Spanish secondary schools have preserved an important scientific heritage, including large scientific instrument collections, this heritage has never been officially protected. Their current state is very diverse, and although several research projects have attempted to initiate their recovery and use, their lack of coordination and wide range of methodological approaches has limited their impact. This paper presents a case-study integrated in a new project supported by the Catalan Scientific Instrument Commission (COMIC) whose final aim is the establishment of a research hub for the preservation, study and use of Spanish scientific instrument collections. Major aims in this project are promoting a better coordination of Spanish projects in this field, and furthering international research on science pedagogy and the material culture of science. The major focus of COMIC is currently the recovery of secondary school collections. This paper provides first, a historical account of the development of secondary education in Spain, and the contemporary establishment of physics and chemistry school collections. Second, we focus on a case-study of three Spanish schools (Valencia, Castellón, and Alicante). Finally, we provide a brief overview of current projects to preserve Spanish school collections, and discuss how COMIC can contribute to help to coordinate them, and to take a step forward interdisciplinary research in this context.

Simon, Josep; Cuenca-Lorente, Mar

2010-04-01

107

The Use of Constructivist Teaching Practices by Four New Secondary School Science Teachers: A Comparison of New Teachers and Experienced Constructivist Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines the use of constructivist teaching practices by four new secondary school science teachers (NSTs) from a preparation program with a focus on constructivism. Data of the NSTs is compared to data of secondary school teachers from two different sources: (i) new teachers (NTs) from a broad-scale nationally-funded project involving…

Lew, Lee Yuen

2010-01-01

108

Ability Grouping in English Secondary School: Effects on Attainment in English, Mathematics, and Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Studied the impact of ability grouping on attainment in a cohort of year-9 students in 45 mixed secondary schools in England representing a variety of grouping practices. In mathematics, students at higher levels by year 6 make more progress in sets, but those in lower levels make more progress in mixed ability classes. Discusses educational…

Ireson, Judith; Hallam, Susan; Hack, Sarah; Clark, Helen; Plewis, Ian

2002-01-01

109

Computer Science Education in French Secondary Schools: Historical and Didactical Perspectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer science as a school subject in France is characterized by a succession of promising starts that have not yet been transformed into perennial solutions. The main goal of this article is to analyze this complex situation from a historical perspective, and describe the current rebirth of an optional Computer Science course in the last year…

Baron, Georges-Louis; Drot-Delange, Beatrice; Grandbastien, Monique; Tort, Françoise

2014-01-01

110

A Technique for Evaluating the Relationships between Science-Related Attitudes in Secondary-School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study concurrently identified significant relationships between the attitudes of high school students toward nuclear energy, environmental issues, energy concepts, science concepts, space exploration, and metrication topical areas. Surveys indicated there were significant concurrent attitudinal relationships between specific science-related…

Dulski, Richard E.; Raven, Ronald J.

1994-01-01

111

RUSSIAN FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE NEW YORK STATE SYLLABUS FOR RUSSIAN IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS FOLLOWS THE SAME FORMAT AS THOSE FOR FRENCH, GERMAN, AND SPANISH, AND FOR COMPLETE TEXT, INCLUDING GENERAL SECTIONS ON TEACHING LANGUAGES, THE READER MUST REFER TO ONE OF THOSE THREE BOOKS. THIS GUIDE DELINEATES THE AIMS, TECHNIQUES, CONTENT, AND SCOPE OF RUSSIAN INSTRUCTION FOR A 6-YEAR…

New York State Education Dept., Albany.

112

Transformative practices in secondary school science classrooms: Life histories of Black South African teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the construction of teaching practices that are aimed at including all students in learning the key ideas of science and helping them to develop a voice for participating in the discourses in and outside of the science classroom. Such practices define what in this study is referred to as transformative practice. The study tells the stories of three Black secondary school teachers in South Africa who have worked to construct a transformative practice in their biology and physical science classrooms. Using a life history perspective, the study explored the relationships between teachers' identities and the changes in their classroom practices. Data were collected mainly through periodic interviews with the teachers and observations of their teaching practices over a period of 18 months. An important finding of the study was that the classroom practices of all three teachers were defined by three similar themes of: (1) "covering the content" and preparing their students to succeed in the national examinations, (2) developing deep conceptual understandings of the subject matter, and (3) including all students in their teaching by constructing what other researchers have called a "culturally-relevant" pedagogy. This finding was consistent despite the observed variations of context and personal histories. A major finding of this study on the question of the relationship between identity and teaching practice was that despite the importance of context, subject matter, material and social resources, another category of resources---the "resources of biography"---proved to be crucial for each of the teachers in crafting a transformative pedagogy. These "resources of biography" included such things as the teachers' own experiences of marginalization, the experiences of growing up or living in a particular culture, and the experiences of participating in certain kinds of social, political, religious or professional activities. The study suggests that it is not only the experiences that provide a person with the resources for crafting a transformative practice, but a conscious reflection on and willingness to learn from these experiences that makes them available as resources for crafting such a practice. Further research is needed to better understand what the rubric of "resources of biography" includes and to explore the interactions between these kinds of resources and the material, human, and social resources that teachers need to reform their classroom practices.

Jita, Loyiso Currell

1999-11-01

113

Science Accommodation in Secondary Schools: A Design Guide. Building Bulletin 80 (Revised 1999).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document offers guidance in the accommodation needs for teaching the sciences in secondary education, either through new construction or the adaptation of existing buildings. Section 1 outlines the range of spaces usually required and examines planning options in new and adapted departments. Section 2 describes the planning of an individual…

Holt, Diane; Watson, Lucy; Wadsworth, Alison

114

Secondary School Students' Attitudes to Nanotechnology: What Are the Implications for Science Curriculum Development?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nanotechnology is guided by the assumption that with the ability to shape or re-shape at the molecular level, we could manipulate the physical world. Some speculate that this ability will be the beginning of the next technological revolution. Hence, an aim of secondary science education should be the development of scientifically literate citizens…

Murcia, Karen

2013-01-01

115

Technical Subjects in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper aims to examine technical education in various types of secondary schools, and suggests three levels of technical courses to be taught in secondary schools. Design/methodology/approach: The paper discusses the differences between technical schools and colleges, and vocational technical courses taught in "academic" secondary

Howard, A. E.

2008-01-01

116

Science on the Web: Secondary School Students’ Navigation Patterns and Preferred Pages’ Characteristics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to explore navigation patterns and preferred pages’ characteristics of ten secondary school students’ searching\\u000a the web for information about cloning. The students navigated the Web for as long as they wished in a context of minimum support\\u000a of teaching staff. Their navigation patterns were analyzed using audit trail data software. The characteristics of their preferred\\u000a Web pages

Kostas Dimopoulos; Apostolos Asimakopoulos

2010-01-01

117

Science Choices and Preferences of Middle and Secondary School Students in Utah.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined grades 6-12 students' (N=2000) preferences and choices regarding science subjects and relationships of these preferences to school type, age, and sex. Findings indicate that zoology and human anatomy/physiology were most preferred while ecology was least preferred. These and other findings are related to a previous study conducted in…

Baird, J. Hugh; And Others

1984-01-01

118

The effects of a professional development geoscience education institute upon secondary school science teachers in Puerto Rico  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The geographic and geologic settings of Puerto Rico served as the context to develop a mixed methods investigation on: (1) the effects of a five-day long constructivist and field-based earth science education professional development institute upon 26 secondary school science teachers' earth science conceptual knowledge, perceptions of fieldwork, and beliefs about teaching earth science; and (2) the implementation of participants' newly acquired knowledge and experience in their science lessons at school. Qualitative data included questionnaires, semi-structured interviews, reflective journals, pre-post concept maps, and pre-post lesson plans. The Geoscience Concept Inventory and the Science Outdoor Learning Environment Inventory were translated into Spanish and culturally validated to collect quantitative data. Data was analyzed through a constructivist grounded theory methodology, descriptive statistics, and non-parametric methods. Participants came to the institute with serious deficiencies in earth science conceptual understanding, negative earth science teaching perspectives, and inadequate earth science teaching methodologies. The institute helped participants to improve their understanding of earth science concepts, content, and processes mostly related to the study of rocks, the Earth's structure, plate tectonics, maps, and the geology of Puerto Rico. Participants also improved their earth science teaching beliefs, perceptions on field-based education, and reflected on their environmental awareness and social responsibility. Participants greatly benefited from the field-based learning environment, inquiry-based teaching approaches modeled, the attention given to their affective domain, and reflections on their teaching practice as part of the institute's activities. The constructivist learning environment and the institute's contextualized and meaningful learning conceptual model were effective in generating interest and confidence in earth science teaching. Some participants successfully integrated inquiry-based lessons on the nature of science and earth science at their schools, but were unsuccessful in integrating field trips. The lack of teacher education programs and the inadequacy of earth science conceptual and pedagogical understanding held by in-service teachers are the main barriers for effective earth science teaching in Puerto Rico. This study established a foundation for future earth science education projects for Latino teachers. Additionally, as a result of this investigation various recommendations were made to effectively implement earth science teacher education programs in Puerto Rico and internationally.

Llerandi Roman, Pablo Antonio

119

South Dakota secondary school students' science attitudes and the implementation of NASA's Digital Learning Network's "Can a Shoebox Fly? Challenge"  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study utilized a mixed-methods approach to data collection from secondary science students. A parallel pre- and post science attitudes survey, developed by Ingrid Novodvorsky, was used in addition to face-to-face interviews and evidence collected from the students' notebooks. The findings in this study indicate the students' attitude towards science was more positive after the "Can A Shoebox Fly? Challenge" with regards to interest in science class and activities in science class (Factor 1); confidence in their ability to do science (Factor 2) as well as their overall interest in science in general. Additionally, both genders showed a positive change in attitudes for the above factors and there was no significant difference between males and females. A negative change in attitudes occurred pertaining to student interest in science-related activities outside of school (Factor 3). The same negative change occurred among males and females with no significant difference between the two genders. The implication of this study provides future research with all of NASA's Digital Learning Network modules to enhance students' interest in STEM careers and STEM student achievement.

Brown, Lisa Ogle

2011-12-01

120

Science Teachers' and Senior Secondary Schools Students' Perceptions of Earth and Environmental Science Topics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents an evaluation of a new upper secondary Earth and Environmental Science (EES) course in Western Australia. Twenty-seven EES teachers were interviewed and 243 students were surveyed about the degree of difficulty, relevance and interest of EES topics in the course. The impact of the course on students' views about EES…

Dawson, Vaille; Carson, Katherine

2013-01-01

121

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 6, Movement.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable for other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of materials is described in SE 015…

Richardson, W.; Tollyfield, J. K.

122

Primary-Secondary Transfer: A Science Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is a recurring debate many people have probably been engaged in: why do pupils appear to under-perform in the lower years of secondary school? In the latest in their "Perspectives on education" series, "Primary-secondary transfer in science" (Wellcome Trust, 2009), the Wellcome Trust addresses this problematic area with respect to UK science

Watkins, Richard

2010-01-01

123

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 7, Using Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable for other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of materials is described in SE 015…

Blackledge, J.; And Others

124

A DNA Science research and training programme for Secondary School and Junior College teachers and students on genetic polymorphisms in human, animals and plants in Singapore  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this project is to train teachers and students to be competent in the principles and practice of DNA science by working on genetic polymorphisms of humans, animals and plants in Singapore. MOE has provided JC and Secondary Schools in Singapore the life sciences research facilities and equipment which cost millions of dollar s. This project is therefore

Koh CL; Chin HLC; Lum SKY; Tan J; Ang DTJ

125

The GeoBus project: a mobile Earth science outreach project for secondary schools in the UK  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

GeoBus is an educational outreach project that was developed in 2012 by the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at the University of St Andrews. It is sponsored jointly by industry and the UK Research Councils (NERC and EPSRC). The aims of GeoBus are to support the teaching of Earth Science in secondary (high) schools by providing teaching resources that are not readily available to educators, to inspire young learners by incorporating new science research outcomes in teaching activities, and to provide a bridge between industry, higher education institutions, research councils and schools. These linkages are important for introducing career opportunities in Earth sciences. Since its launch, GeoBus has visited over 140 different schools across the length and breadth of Scotland. Over 20,000 pupils will have been involved in practical hands-on Earth science learning activities by December 2013, including many in remote and disadvantaged regions. The resources that GeoBus brings to schools include all the materials and equipment needed to run workshops, field excursions and Enterprise Challenges. GeoBus provides 16 workshops which can be adapted for different learning levels. Workshops are 50 to 80 minute sessions for up to 30 pupils and topics include minerals, rocks, fossils, geological time, natural resources, climate change, volcanoes, earthquakes, and geological mapping. As with all GeoBus activities, the inclusion of equipment and technology otherwise unavailable to schools substantially increases the engagement of pupils in workshops. Field excursions are popular, as many teachers have little or no field trainng and feel unable to lead this type of activity. The excursions comprise half or full day sessions for up to 30 pupils and are tailored to cover the local geology or geomorphology. The Enterprise Challenges are half or full day sessions for up to 100 pupils. Current topics are Drilling for Oil, Renewable Energy, a Journey to Mars and Scotland's Rock Story. Drilling for Oil and Renewable Energy were designed to incorporate ideas and datasets from Maersk Oil Ltd, Centrica Upstream Research and Shell. Pupils are assigned roles (geologists, geophysicists and engineers) and work in teams on the datasets provided. These challenges develop geological skills, team working, spatial (3D) and mathematical skills, and provide insight on career opportunities in the natural resources sector. In order to keep all GeoBus materials as current and engaging as possible, university academics from different disciplines, students and industry professionals are all involved in developing its resources.

Robinson, R. A.; Roper, K. A.; Macfarlane, D.; Pike, C.

2013-12-01

126

Science fair: Is it worth the work? A qualitative study on deaf students' perceptions and experiences regarding science fair in primary and secondary school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Science fairs have a long history in American education. They play an important role for establishing inquiry-based experiences in a science classroom. Students may be more motivated to learn science content when they are allowed to choose their own science fair topics. The purpose of this study was to examine Deaf college students' perceptions and experiences regarding science fair participation during primary and/or secondary school and determine the influence of science fair involvement on the development of language skills, writing skills, and higher order thinking skills as well as its impact on choice of a STEM major. This study examined responses from Deaf students attending Gallaudet University and National Technical Institute for the Deaf (NTID) majoring in a Science, Technology, Engineering, or Math (STEM) field. An electronic questionnaire and a semi-structured interview were used to collect data. The electronic questionnaire was divided into two strands: demographics and science fair experience. Twenty-one respondents participated in the questionnaire and ten participants were interviewed. A cross-case analysis revealed communication was the key to a successful science fair experience. Findings showed the educational background of participants influenced their perspective regarding the experience of a science fair. When communicating through American Sign Language, the science fair experience was more positive. When communicating through an interpreter or having no interpreter at all, the science fair experience was viewed in a negative light. The use of science fairs to enhance language development, writing skills, and higher order thinking skills was supported. Teachers and parents were strong influences for Deaf students participating in a science fair. Participation in a science fair did influence students to choose a STEM major but there were other considerations as well.

Smith, Vivian Lee

127

Needs assessment of science teachers in secondary schools in Kumasi, Ghana: A basis for in-service education training programs at the Science Resource Centers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was twofold. First, it identified the priority needs common to all science teachers in secondary schools in Kumasi, Ghana. Second, it investigated the relationship existing between the identified priority needs and the teacher demographic variables (type of school, teacher qualification, teaching experience, subject discipline, and sex of teacher) to be used as a basis for implementing in-service education training programs at the Science Resource Centers in Kumasi Ghana. An adapted version of the Moore Assessment Profile (MAP) survey instrument and a set of open-ended questions were used to collect data from the science teachers. The researcher handed out one hundred and fifty questionnaire packets, and all one hundred and fifty (100%) were collected within a period of six weeks. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, content analysis, and inferential statistics. The descriptive statistics reported the frequency of responses, and it was used to calculate the Need Index (N) of the identified needs of teachers. Sixteen top-priority needs were identified, and the needs were arranged in a hierarchical order according to the magnitude of the Need Index (0.000 ? N ? 1.000). Content analysis was used to analyze the responses to the open-ended questions. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to test the null hypotheses of the study on each of the sixteen identified top-priority needs and the teacher demographic variables. The findings of this study were as follows: (1) The science teachers identified needs related to "more effective use of instructional materials" as a crucial area for in-service training. (2) Host and Satellite schools exhibited significant difference on procuring supplementary science books for students. Subject discipline of teachers exhibited significant differences on utilizing the library and its facilities by students, obtaining information on where to get help on effective science teaching, procuring supplementary science books for students, and developing greater understanding of child psychology. Teaching experience exhibited significant difference on developing a greater understanding of learning psychology. (3) The majority of the science teachers (55%) have not participated in any form of an in-service training program. (4) The majority of the science teachers (about 65%) are satisfied with their job as science teachers. (5) The majority of the science teachers (60%) are not satisfied with the use of Science Resource Center for teaching. A major implication of the study is that science teachers using the Science Resource Centers for teaching should be paid teaching allowances. It is also recommended that the Ghana Education Service (GES) should create a center for distribution and repairs of laboratory equipment of the Science Resource Centers. Five studies are suggested for future research.

Gyamfi, Alexander

128

Assessing the psychosocial environment of science classes in Catholic secondary schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Much Catholic school and church rhetoric suggests that Catholic schools possess distinctive learning environments. Research into this aspect of Catholic schooling has been hampered by the lack of an appropriate assessment instrument. By drawing on contemporary church literature, the perceptions of personnel involved in Catholic education and existing classroom environment questionnaires, a new instrument was developed to assess student perceptions of classroom psychosocial environment in Catholic schools. The use of this instrument in 64 classrooms in Catholic and Government schools indicated significant differences on some scales. The distinctive nature of Catholic schooling did not extend to all classroom environment dimensions deemed important to Catholic education.

Dorman, Jeffrey P.; McRobbie, Campbell J.; Fraser, Barry J.

1993-12-01

129

Maximizing the Usage of Technology-Enhanced Teaching and Learning of Science and Mathematics in English Program in the Malaysian Secondary Schools System  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research is attempting to examine the effectiveness in the application of ICT (information and communication technology) and standardize courseware in ETeMS (English for Teaching Mathematics and Science) or PPSMI (Pengajaran and Pembelajaran Sains and Matematic dalam Bahasa Inggeris) in English program in the Malaysian secondary school

Luck, Lee Tan; Peng, Chew Fong

2010-01-01

130

Peer Assessment among Secondary School Students: Introducing a Peer Feedback Tool in the Context of a Computer Supported Inquiry Learning Environment in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this study we introduced a peer feedback tool to secondary school students while aiming at investigating whether this tool leads to a feedback dialogue when using a computer supported inquiry learning environment in science. Moreover, we aimed at examining what type of feedback students ask for and receive and whether the students use the…

Tsivitanidou, Olia; Zacharia, Zacharias C.; Hovardas, Tasos; Nicolaou, Aphrodite

2012-01-01

131

Quantitative Analysis of Representations of Nature of Science in Nordic Upper Secondary School Textbooks Using Framework of Analysis Based on Philosophy of Chemistry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess how the different aspects of nature of science (NOS) were represented in Finnish and Swedish upper secondary school chemistry textbooks. The dimensions of NOS were analyzed from five popular chemistry textbook series. The study provides a quantitative method for analysis of representations of NOS in chemistry…

Vesterinen, Veli-Matti; Aksela, Maija; Lavonen, Jari

2013-01-01

132

Global Education at Streetsville Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 1973 an innovative, interdisciplinary global studies course was instituted at a secondary school in Ontario. Designed for advanced students at the grade 13 level, the course emphasized science, language arts, and mathematics issues in terms of the world's environmental and social problems. Rationale for the course included an awareness of the…

Thomas, Paul F.

133

Teaching about the Epistemology of Science in Upper Secondary Schools: An Analysis of Teachers' Classroom Talk  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We begin by drawing upon the available literature to identify four characteristics of teacher talk likely to support student learning about the epistemology of science: making appropriate statements about the epistemology of science in the classroom, linking the epistemology of science with specific science concepts, stating and justifying…

Ryder, Jim; Leach, John

2008-01-01

134

Innovative Methods in Science Education in Japan--Strategic Methods on Smooth Transition from Upper Secondary School to the University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents a brief introduction of the science education in Japan with an overview of the educational contents and standards laid by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT). It highlights the results of the International Education Association (IEA) on science education in Japan at upper secondary

Shinohara, Fumihiko

2006-01-01

135

Implications of changes in the secondary school: mathematics curriculum for the computer science and computer engineering curricula  

Microsoft Academic Search

Many professors of computer science and computer engineering are relatively unaware of the changes in the secondary mathematics curriculum in the last decade. The changes in mathematics have major implications for the design of computer science and computer engineering curricula in the colleges and universities. The thesis of this paper is that changes can be made in computer science courses

M. E. Sloan

1974-01-01

136

Portugal's Secondary School Modernisation Programme  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the Secondary School Modernisation Programme, being implemented in Portugal by "Parque Escolar, EPE", is based on the pursuit of quality and makes Portuguese education a potential international benchmark. This paper discusses the strategies adopted to reorganise school spaces. It describes the conceptual model and highlights the…

Heitor, Teresa V.; Freire da Silva, Jose M. R.

2009-01-01

137

Secondary School Burnout Scale (SSBS)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to develop "Secondary School Burnout Scale." Study group included 728 students out of 14 schools in four cities in Turkey. Both Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis were conducted on the data. A seven-factor solution emerged. The seven factors explained 61% of the total variance. The model…

Aypay, Ayse

2012-01-01

138

Teacher Quality Indicators as Predictors of Instructional Assessment Practices in Science Classrooms in Secondary Schools in Barbados  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the self-reported instructional assessment practices of a selected sample of secondary school science teachers in Barbados. The study sought to determine if there were statistically significant differences in the instructional assessment practices of teachers based on their sex and teacher quality (teaching experience, professional qualification and teacher academic qualification). It also sought to determine the extent to which each of these four selected variables individually and jointly affected the teachers' report of their instructional assessment practices. A sample of 55 science teachers from nine secondary schools in Barbados was randomly selected to participate in this study. Data was collected by means of a survey and was analyzed using the means and standard deviations of the instructional assessment practices scores and linear, multiple and binary logistic regression. The results of the study were such that the majority of the sample reported good overall instructional assessment practices while only a few participants reported moderate assessment practices. The instructional assessment practices in the area of student knowledge were mostly moderate as indicated by the sample. There were no statistically significant differences between or among the mean scores of the teachers' reported instructional assessment practices based on sex ( t = 0.10; df = 53; p = 0.992), teaching experience ( F[4,50] = 1.766; p = 0.150), the level of professional qualification (F[3,45] = 0.2117; p = 0.111) or the level of academic qualification (F[2,52] = 0.504; p = 0.607). The independent variables (teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification or teacher academic qualification) were not significant predictors of the instructional assessment practices scores. However, teacher sex was a significant predictor of the teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices. The study also found that the joint effect of the variables teacher sex, teaching experience, teacher professional qualification and teacher academic qualification was not significant in predicting the instructional assessment practices scores of the science teachers. However, the joint effect of these variables was statistically significant ( X 2 = 18.482; df = 10; p = 0.047) in predicting the teachers' reported use of good instructional assessment practices. The best predictor of teachers' report of good instructional assessment practices, though not statistically significant, was the diploma in education professional qualification.

Ogunkola, Babalola J.; Archer-Bradshaw, Ramona E.

2013-02-01

139

Poor readers in secondary school  

Microsoft Academic Search

A follow-up of a representative sample of poor readers through secondary schooling confirmed persisting reading problems for most children. As a group, poor readers fell further behind a normal-reading comparison group during their early teens. Later reading progress was unrelated to gender, SES background, behavior problems or non-school attendance, though these factors did influence wider school attainments. Poor readers were

Barbara Maughan; Ann Hagell; Michael Rutter; William Yule

1994-01-01

140

The Design and Development of a Collaborative mLearning Prototype for Malaysian Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Collaborative problem-solving in science instruction allows learners to build their knowledge and understanding through interaction, using the language of science. Computer-mediated communication (CMC) tools facilitate collaboration and may provide the opportunity for interaction when using the language of science in learning. There seems to be…

DeWitt, Dorothy; Alias, Norlidah; Siraj, Saedah

2014-01-01

141

Some Sociocultural Factors Militating against Drift towards Science and Technology in Secondary Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although it is a truism that the natural sciences do transcend cultural and national boundaries, the issue of the effect of culture on the teaching and learning of science continues to preoccupy the minds of researchers. The learning of the natural sciences calls into question, very often, beliefs and practices that are part of the contemporary culture in an environment.

Olugbemiro J. Jegede; Peter A. Okebukola

1989-01-01

142

Identifying the Predictors of Secondary School Performance in Agricultural Science in Nigeria  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Introduction: Increasing Awareness of the importance of vocational agricultural education has driven various regimes in government and Educators to embark on several review of agricultural curriculum at both secondary and tertiary institutions and as well provided policies and incentives towards motivating young ones to study and take agriculture…

Waheed, Olowa Olatomide

2009-01-01

143

The Attitudes of First Year Senior Secondary School Students toward Their Science Classes in the Sudan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the influence of a set of relevant independent variables on students' decision to major in math or science disciplines, on the one hand, or arts or humanities disciplines, on the other. The independent variables of interest in the study were students' attitudes toward science, their gender, their socioeconomic status, their…

Lado, Longun Moses

2011-01-01

144

Evaluation of the Use of Remote Laboratories for Secondary School Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Laboratory experimentation is generally considered central to science-based education. Allowing students to "experience" science through various forms of carefully designed practical work, including experimentation, is often claimed to support their learning and motivate their engagement while fulfilling specific curriculum requirements. However,…

Lowe, David; Newcombe, Peter; Stumpers, Ben

2013-01-01

145

Towards the Reform of Science Teaching in Spain: The Social and Personal Relevance of Junior Secondary School Science Projects for a Socially Responsible Understanding of Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses aspects of more than a decade of research and implementation of cross-curriculum themes as part of the curriculum for secondary school students in Spain. Comments on theoretical and practical issues encountered in developing similar projects. Contains 45 references. (Author/WRM)

Membiela, Pedro

1999-01-01

146

Secondary School Science Predictors of Academic Performance in University Bioscience Subjects  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This article focuses on the development of a common entry year curriculum for science students in the Health Science department at the University of Melbourne. Concerns over having a diverse range of student education backgrounds in a common curriculum led to faculty seeking a set of measures that would predict success of students in the curriculum. 12th year ENTER scores (Australian specific) were the best predictors for certain courses, but not for anatomy unites.

Rod Green (La Trobe University Human Biosciences)

2009-05-01

147

Finding Science in Ice Cream -- An Experiment for Secondary School Classrooms  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Get the scoop on Ice Cream Science. Dr. Doug Goff, a professor of food science at University of Guelph, Ontario created this site to provide educators with supplemental information for a classroom experiment on ice cream making. This website provides information on many aspects of ice cream including the history, composition, manufacturing process, and structure. This site is designed for teachers from different disciplines and illustrates how ice cream making has applications to various scientific fields such as biology, chemistry, and physics. Dr. Goff includes an ice cream making experiment description and provides links to other recipes and experiment descriptions. The site even describes an alternative experiment using liquid nitrogen instead of ice!

Goff, Douglas

148

Improving the Reading of Visual Materials in Intermediate and Junior Secondary School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In helping students to read materials in intermediate level science classes, teachers should first motivate them to read and should set a purpose and a focus for their reading. A postreading discussion should follow each reading task, in order to help students share, integrate, and apply insights obtained from the written materials. Books and…

Yore, Larry; Quorn, Kerry

149

The Value and Difficulties of Teaching the History of Science and Technology in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Learning does not happen in the minds of passive listeners who record into notebooks the anecdotes and chronological information about the history of science presented during a lecture. Lectures address lower levels of cognitive skills and are, therefore, unable to stimulate the higher level skills of application, analysis, and synthesis. At…

Steffens, Henry

150

Principled Improvement in Science: Forces and Proportional Relations in Early Secondary-School Teaching  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In response to continuing concerns about student attainment and participation in science and mathematics, the "epiSTEMe" project took a novel approach to pedagogy in these two disciplines. Using principles identified as effective in the research literature (and combining these in a fashion not previously attempted), the project developed…

Howe, Christine; Ilie, Sonia; Guardia, Paula; Hofmann, Riikka; Mercer, Neil; Riga, Fran

2015-01-01

151

Science Education and the Material Culture of the Nineteenth-Century Classroom: Physics and Chemistry in Spanish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although a large number of Spanish secondary schools have preserved an important scientific heritage, including large scientific instrument collections, this heritage has never been officially protected. Their current state is very diverse, and although several research projects have attempted to initiate their recovery and use, their lack of…

Simon, Josep; Cuenca-Lorente, Mar

2012-01-01

152

Secondary School Students' Epistemic Insight into the Relationships Between Science and Religion—A Preliminary Enquiry  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A number of previous studies have shown that there is a widespread view among young people that science and religion are opposed. In this paper, we suggest that it requires a significant level of what can be termed "epistemic insight" to access the idea that some people see science and religion as compatible while others do not. To explore this further, we draw on previous work to devise a methodology to discover students' thinking about apparent contradictions between scientific and religious explanations of the origins of the universe. In our discussion of the findings, we highlight that students' epistemic insight in this context does seem in many cases to be limited and we outline some of the issues emerging from the study that seem to boost or limit students' progress in this area.

Billingsley, Berry; Taber, Keith; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

2013-08-01

153

E-Learning for Secondary School Teachers: Inclusive Science and Math Instruction for Students with Disabilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Georgia Institute of Technology (Georgia Tech) is conducting a research and development project to enhance the capacities\\u000a of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) teachers to educate students with disabilities. The project has\\u000a conducted online surveys, focus groups and longitudinal studies to discover the training and knowledge needs of teachers.\\u000a The ongoing research has identified significant gaps in teacher

Robert L. Todd

2008-01-01

154

Conceptualizing In-service Secondary School Science Teachers' Knowledge Base for Climate Change Content  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The need to deepen teachers' knowledge of the science of climate change is crucial under a global climate change (GCC) scenario. With effective collaboration between researchers, scientists and teachers, conceptual frameworks can be developed for creating climate change content for classroom implementation. Here, we discuss how teachers' conceptualized content knowledge about GCC changes over the course of a professional development program in which they are provided with place-based and culturally congruent content. The NASA-funded Global Climate Change Education (GCCE) project, "CYCLES: Teachers Discovering Climate Change from a Native Perspective", is a 3-year teacher professional development program designed to develop culturally-sensitive approaches for GCCE in Native American communities using traditional knowledge, data and tools. As a part of this program, we assessed the progression in the content knowledge of participating teachers about GCC. Teachers were provided thematic GCC content focused on the elements of the medicine wheel-Earth, Fire, Air, Water, and Life -during a one week summer workshop. Content was organized to emphasize explanations of the natural world as interconnected and cyclical processes and to align with the Climate and Earth Science Literacy Principles and NASA resources. Year 1 workshop content was focused on the theme of "Earth" and teacher knowledge was progressively increased by providing content under the themes of 1) understanding of timescale, 2) understanding of local and global perspectives, 3) understanding of proxy data and 4) ecosystem connectivity. We used a phenomenographical approach for data analysis to qualitatively investigate different ways in which the teachers experienced and conceptualized GCC. We analyzed categories of teachers' climate change knowledge using information generated by tools such as photo elicitation interviews, concept maps and reflective journal perceptions. Preliminary findings from the pre-workshop interviews indicate teachers' different perceptions about timescale, their understanding about data projections using modeling, and their acceptance of the level of uncertainty in the data. Preliminary results from the progressive mapping of the core concepts highlighted 1) a direct correlation between the content provided and the concepts generated. 2) misconceptions generated during the process and 3) connections between various concepts related to the science of global climate change. Analysis of the responses of teachers to the content-based questions revealed a gradual progression in understanding of the science behind GCC. While the initial responses were limited to what causes GCC, later ones were based on local and global implications of GCC and possible adaptive solutions for the same. Our results will provide crucial information about providing conceptual knowledge and addressing misconceptions regarding the science of climate change. The information generated by this study can be used to further develop theme-based structured curricula to enhance teachers' understanding of the phenomenon of GCC.

Campbell, K. M.; Roehrig, G.; Dalbotten, D. M.; Bhattacharya, D.; Nam, Y.; Varma, K.; Wang, J.

2011-12-01

155

EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

THE REPORT CAN BE USED AS A GUIDE IN THE PREPARATION OF EDUCATIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS. NEW CURRICULA, METHODS OF INSTRUCTION, AND TEACHING AIDS ADD TO THE SOPHISTICATION OF EDUCATION. PROGRAMS ENCOMPASS MANY AREAS OF EDUCATION, EACH REQUIRING PROFESSIONAL DECISIONS. THESE DECISIONS MUST BE ORGANIZED INTO WRITTEN SPECIFICATIONS…

FLANIGAN, VIRGINIA; AND OTHERS

156

Mechanics. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document, a curriculum guide for auto mechanics for secondary students, is one of six guides developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

157

Changing Secondary School Physical Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evidence suggests that many secondary school physical education programs fail to achieve their objectives. A disturbing number of students report associating required attendance with strong negative feelings about the class, physical activity, and themselves. Teachers report that workplace conditions do not allow any serious effort to provide instruction. The nature of these problems is such that neither improving instruction nor

Lawrence F. Locke

1992-01-01

158

Science, Levels 7-12. Secondary Core Curriculum Standards.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document presents the core science curriculum standards which must be completed by all students as a requisite for graduation from Utah's secondary schools. Contained within are the elementary and secondary school program of studies and high school graduation requirements. Each course entry for grades 7-12 contains: course title, unit of…

Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City. Div. of Curriculum and Instruction.

159

Scientists of tomorrow - Geophysics School Lab for Secondary School Students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Starting in 2012, the Geophysical Institute (GPI) at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) developed several geophysical experiments for secondary school students which are now part of the Geophysics School Lab at the GPI. Usually, the students visit the School Lab as a class together with their teacher (Physics, Geography, Science), but the School Lab can also be used for extracurricular learning of individual students. The experiments carried out deal with the topics Seismology, Geoelectrics, and Fluid Dynamics: A horizontal seismometer is decoupled from its registration unit for the time of the visit of the students. With this setup, the students can measure the natural period of the pendulum, and adjust the seismometer accordingly. At different experimental stations, students can analyse seismic data registered with this unit, locate earthquakes, or get to know and understand an accelerometer. The accelerometer is attached to a registration unit and data can be visualized in real time. In another experimental setup, the students can measure the viscosity of a fluid as a function of temperature in order to get a better understanding of different magma types and their viscosity. Furthermore, a geoelectric experiment is carried out in a sandbox: The students experience with non-destructive testing, and try to reveal the subsurface structure. For our experiments, secondary school teachers can receive free supportive materials for the preparation of the visit. The aim of the Geophysics School Lab is to encourage and acquaint secondary school students to the concepts of Geophysics, and to enthuse them with the applied issues of Geosciences.

Gottschämmer, Ellen; Bohlen, Thomas

2014-05-01

160

Water Science School  

MedlinePLUS

The USGS Water Science School The USGS Water Science School Welcome to the U.S. Geological Survey's ( USGS ) Water Science School. We offer information on many aspects of water, along with pictures, ...

161

Behavioral Sciences in Secondary Schools: An Inquiry-Oriented Interdisciplinary Approach to the Human Behavioral Sciences in Social Studies. Professional Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Trends in secondary-level behavioral science curriculum development, informational background, and strategies for teaching behavioral science concepts are provided in this book. Chapters one through three define the behavioral sciences and examine their changing role and status in social studies education. Chapters four through six develop…

Anderson, Randall C.

162

Equity and what secondary science teachers bring to the classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The demographics of people working in science-based careers do not match the demographics of the larger society. In particular, people who self-identify as Hispanic are underrepresented among working scientists. One reason may be the influence of formal schooling and more specifically, the behaviors of teachers in secondary science classrooms. This study looks at the practices of eight secondary science teachers

Barbara Anne Austin

2004-01-01

163

Secondary Education in Computational Science Project, The (SPECS)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Secondary Education in Computational Science (SPECS) project is a collaborative effort between Twin Cities local school districts and the Institute of Technology's Laboratory for Computational Science and Engineering (LCSE) at the University of Minnesota. It is designed to develop instructional materials intended to expose high school students to computational science.

164

Better Science: Building Primary-Secondary Links. Curriculum Guide 10.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is one in a series of 12 giving the recommendations that were made for a broad and balanced education program in science for young people. This guide attempts to answer the questions regarding what science is taught in primary schools, what skills good primary science gives children, and how secondary schools build on primary…

Barber, Brenda, Comp.; Michell, Mick, Comp.

165

A new protocol in La Spezia for elementary and secondary school students for monitoring Perception towards Science and Performance in Science Classrooms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Technological and scientific research in La Spezia (an Italian town with a population of 95.378) is, unfortunately, unknown to most people and often the existence of excellent research Centres (such as CNR-ISMAR, CNR-IENI, ENEA-UTMAR, INGV, CMRE, CSSN and University) is barely known, even just outside the La Spezia area. The current economic crisis has played a major role in determining the decline in maritime business (affecting all companies in the area and particularly SMEs). Therefore it is important to re-establish the relationship with the traditional maritime culture of the city. This objective can be achieved by enhancing research visibility (national and european) by dissemination of the activities carried out by research institutions, university and local enterprises. La Spezia has a long maritime tradition and it is vital for these customs to be kept alive and cultivated within the community. The cultural scene is positive: in fact, in the last decade the general public's perception on the importance of science in the context of human activities has been considerably strengthened. In La Spezia, especially since 2007, an increasing number of disseminating activities (carried out by CNR-ISMAR, CNR-IENI, ENEA-UTMAR, INGV, CMRE, CSSN, LABTER - the La Spezia association for environmental education- ASSOCIAZIONE FESTIVAL DELLA SCIENZA - the association that organizes the Genoa Science Festival- Genoa University and ISA 2 - "2 GIUGNO" - a local primary and secondary public school that has started a pilot project for marine biology), has revealed an educational and cultural path which now requires a monitoring protocol to be carried out for at least two years. In this paper we will present a new test that will be administered to the entire student population (aged 6 to 18 years) with the aim to fully understand the effectiveness of initiatives for popularizing science and the impact that they are having on new generations (professional choices, scientific careers, environmental awareness, etc..).

Stroobant, Mascha; Mori, Anna; Merlino, Silvia; Bianucci, Marco; Delfanti, Roberta; Furia, Stefania; Carmisciano, Cosmo; Locritani, Marina; Muccini, Filippo; La Tassa, Hebert; Talamoni, Roberta; Nacini, Francesca; Benedetti, Alessandro; Nardi, Elisabetta; Parodi, Alice; Giacomazzi, Fabio; Mioni, Erika; Associazione Festival della Scienza

2014-05-01

166

Job Satisfaction of Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low job satisfaction has been cited as a possible cause of the current teaching crisis in the UK. This article reports on a study that examined job satisfaction among secondary school teachers in different types of secondary school. The results indicate a significant difference in the overall job satisfaction scores of teachers by type of school.…

Crossman, Alf; Harris, Penelope

2006-01-01

167

What Kind of Place Is Secondary School?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary school introduces students to a public space that differs from the private spaces commonly found in elementary schools. One of the markers signaling a transition from private to public space is the use of discourse. Secondary schools are places where social practices reject the democratic and caring activities found in the elementary…

Hayes, Monie; Vivian, Craig

2008-01-01

168

Record Management in Nigerian Secondary School Administration  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examined the usefulness of record management in Nigerian Secondary Schools. Record keeping is one of the administrative principles in secondary school administration and it cannot be overemphasized in any organisation. The continuity of any school organisation depends on availability of useful records of past activities. In a complex…

Nakpodia, E. D.

2009-01-01

169

Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) has initiated the Shuttle Student Involvement Project for Secondary Schools (SSIP-S), an annual nationwide competition to select student proposals for experiments suitable for flight aboard the Space Shuttle. The objective of the project is to stimulate the study of science and technology in grades 9 through 12 by directly relating students to a space research program. This paper will analyze the first year of the project from a standpoint of how the competition was administered; the number and types of proposals that were submitted; and will discuss the process involved in preparing the winning experiments for eventual flight.

Wilson, G. P.; Ladwig, A.

1981-01-01

170

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 1, Interdependence of Living Things.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of Themes is described in SE 015 440. Each Theme is a teachers' guide to a…

Marson, J. Eric

171

Racial and Gender Science Achievement Gaps in Secondary Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

A substantial disparity exists for academic achievement in science between Black and White primary-school children. A similar gap exists between boys and girls. The extent to which secondary education influences these achievement gaps has not been established. The authors report analyses showing how these science achievement gaps change as a function of secondary education. Analyses of data from a large,

Verne R. Bacharach; Alfred A. Baumeister; R. Michael Furr

2003-01-01

172

Technology and science in classroom and interview talk with Swiss lower secondary school students: a Marxist sociological approach  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In much of science education research, the content of talk tends to be attributed to the persons who produce the sound-words in a speech situation. A radically different, sociological perspective on language-in-use grounded in Marxism derives from the work of L. S. Vygotsky and the members of the circle around M. M. Bakhtin. Accordingly, each word belongs to speaker and recipient simultaneously. It represents collective consciousness and, therefore, shared ideology, which can no longer be attributed to the individual. The purpose of this study is to develop a sociological perspective on language in science education, a perspective in which language continuously changes. I articulate this position in the context of classroom and interview talk with 14-year-old Swiss non-academically streamed lower secondary students about technology and science. In this context, science classrooms and interviews are shown to be microcosms of Swiss (German) culture and society reproduced in and through the situated talk about science and technology.

Roth, Wolff-Michael

2013-06-01

173

Continental Drift: A Discussion Strategy for Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper describes a discussion strategy for secondary school students. The strategy focus the various dimensions of Science, especially the internal sociological and philosophical dimensions. Students are expected to learn more about Science, namely the role of controversy for scientific progress. The article contains key questions for the…

Paixao, Isabel; Calado, Silvia; Ferreira, Silvia; Salves, Vanda; Smorais, Ana M.

2004-01-01

174

Factors that Influence Participation of Students in Secondary Science and Mathematics Subjects in IB Schools Outside of the United States and Canada  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this study was to investigate factors that affect the extent of international secondary students' participation in International Baccalaureate science and mathematics courses. The factors examined were gender, home region, size, percent host culture and age of the program, and coeducational and legal status of the school. Participation in math and science subjects was determined by analyzing the level and number of courses taken by students taking International Baccalaureate exams in 2010. Chi-Square and Cramer's V analysis were used to measure the effect of categorical variables on student participation and One-Way ANOVA and Bonferroni comparison of means were used to analyze the quantitative variables. All categorical variables were statistically significant (p<.01). Home region was the most important factor affecting participation in both math and science. Students from East, Southeast and South-Central Asia; and Eastern Europe have greater participation in math. The highest science participation came from students in East, Southern and Western Africa; and Southeast Asia. Top participators in science came from Australia/New Zealand, Northern Europe, East Africa and South-Central and Western Asia. State schools showed higher math and science participation. Science and math participation was also greater in all-male schools though associations were weak. Boys participated more than girls, especially in math. All quantitative variables were statistically significant. The program size had the largest effect size for both math and science with larger programs showing more participation at the higher level. A decreasing trend for age of the program and percent host culture was found for math participation. Three years of participation data were collected from an international school in Western Europe (n = 194). Variables included the influence of parent occupation, math preparedness (PSAT-Math), student achievement (GPA), and the importance of significant others in career and academic decisions. Findings indicate that performance on the PSAT- Math was the most important predictor of both science and mathematics participation. Twenty students were also interviewed. Results showed the importance of several key factors. These include the role of parents in student academic and career decisions, the importance of personal interest, and the contribution of early decisions in confidence-building.

Straffon, Elizabeth

175

An Examination of Secondary School Students' Academic Achievement in Science Course and Achievement Scores in Performance Assignments with Regard to Different Variables: A Boarding School Example  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of the study is to explore the academic achievement and performance tasks of students studying in a regional primary boarding school in science course with regard to different variables. The study was carried out via survey method and total 96 students, 57 of them boarding students and 39 of them non-boarding students studying in the 5th,…

Bozdogan, Aykut Emre; Günaydin, Esra; Okur, Alperen

2014-01-01

176

National School Science Safety Indexing Project: A Beginning; Developing a National Indexing System to Evaluate Secondary School Facilities and Safety Practices  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Past studies reveal that science safety in the nation's schools needs significant attention (Gerlovich and Parsa 2002; Gerlovich et al. 2002; Gerlovich, Wilson, and Parsa 1998; and Young 1972). These studies have focused on individual states and the issues and hazards specific to those states. A comprehensive study is needed to identify and…

Gerlovich, Jack A.; McElroy, Dennis; Parsa, Rahul; Wazlaw, Brian

2005-01-01

177

Science in Schools Project  

Microsoft Academic Search

As part of a program to increase learning and engagement in science classes 124 Victorian schools are trialing a best practice teaching model. The Science in Schools Research Project is a DEET funded project under the Science in Schools Strategy, developed in response to recent research and policy decisions at national and state levels through which literacy, numeracy and science

Mike Waugh

2002-01-01

178

Transition to Secondary - an Experiment in a Scottish Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The attainments, attitudes, personality characteristics and friendship relations of three successive year groups of children (n254, 252 and 234) were assessed towards the end of their first term in secondary school. (Editor/RK)

Dutch, R. D.; McCall, J.

1974-01-01

179

Effective Schools: Do Elementary Prescriptions Fit Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most of the recent research identifying organizational characteristics that seem to make schools unusually effective has been conducted at the elementary level and may not be applicable to secondary schools. Research currently underway suggests that the basic organizational structures of elementary and secondary schools dictate two different…

Firestone, William A.; Herriott, Robert E.

180

Mathematical Modeling in the Secondary School Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the past 10 years, national conferences and committees investigating the state of American mathematics education have advocated an increased emphasis on problem solving and mathematical modeling situations in the secondary school curriculum. However, little effort has been made to prepare secondary school teachers to use mathematical modeling…

Swetz, Frank, Ed.; Hartzler, J. S., Ed.

181

The Inclusive Secondary School Teacher in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As a result of the 1992 Disability Discrimination Act in Australia and parental support for inclusion, regular teachers now include students with disabilities in their classes. Inclusion has been more successful in primary than in secondary schools. Secondary schools remain a challenge due to their traditional focus on curriculum, examinations,…

Pearce, Michelle

2009-01-01

182

A Comparative Study of Problem-Based and Lecture-Based Learning in Junior Secondary School Science  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study is to compare problem based learning (PBL) and lecture-based learning (LBL) in Hong Kong secondary students’ science achievement. Secondary One students were divided into two groups: group A ( n = 37), was taught two topics: “Human Reproduction” and “Density” through PBL; group B ( n = 38) was taught the same topics by LBL. Multiple choice questions and short structured response items were used to assess students’ academic performance. Pre and post tests were categorized into three domains: knowledge, comprehension and application according to Bloom’s Taxonomy (Bloom 1956). The results of this study suggest first that PBL is at least as effective as LBL in gaining the knowledge required to achieve the syllabus’ learning objectives; secondly, the PBL group shows a significant improvement in students’ comprehension and application of knowledge over an extended time. Seemingly, PBL is favored for knowledge retention compared to a more conventional teaching approach, by these early adolescent children in Hong Kong. An ongoing longitudinal study on students’ interactions will further determine whether students taught through PBL develop improved learning in relation to high order skills, in a local situation which still tends to focus on factual recall but where higher skills are being demanded by systemic reform.

Wong, Kenson Kin Hang; Day, Jeffrey Richard

2009-11-01

183

Barriers and facilitators for integrating digital narratives in secondary school science instruction: A media specialist's action research study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Media specialists are increasingly assuming professional development roles as they collaborate with teachers to design instruction that combines content with technology. I am a media specialist in an independent school, and collaborated with two science teachers over a three-year period to integrate technology with their instruction. This action study explored integration of a digital narrative project in three eighth-grade earth science units and one ninth-grade physics unit with each unit serving as a cycle of research. Students produced short digital documentaries that combined still images with an accompanying narration. Students participating in the project wrote scripts based on selected science topics. The completed scripts served as the basis for the narratives. These projects were compared with a more traditional science writing project. Barriers and facilitators for implementation of this type of media project in a science classroom were identified. Lack of adequate access to computers proved to be a significant mechanical barrier. Acquisition of a laptop cart reduced but did not eliminate the technology access issues. The complexity of the project increased implementation time in comparison with traditional alternatives. Evaluation of the completed media projects presented problems. Scores by outside evaluators reflected evaluator unfamiliarity with assessing multimedia projects rather than student performance. Despite several revisions of the assessment rubric, low inter-rater reliability remained a concern even in the last cycle. This suggests that evaluation of media could present issues for teachers who attempt projects of this kind. A writing frame was developed to facilitate production of scripts. This reduced the time required to produce the scripts, but produced writing that was formulaic in the teacher's estimate. A graphic organizer was adopted in the final cycle to address this concern. New insights emerged as the study progressed through the four cycles of the study. At the conclusion of the study, the two teachers and I had a better understanding of barriers that can prevent smooth integration of a technology-based project.

Midland, Susan

184

School of Life Sciences 1 Life Sciences  

E-print Network

School of Life Sciences · 1 School of Life Sciences Undergraduate Brochure Biological Sciences Biochemistry Biomedical Science Medical Microbiology and Virology #12;School of Life Sciences · 3 Welcome to the School of Life Sciences The School of Life Sciences provides excellent teaching, delivered by world

Davies, Christopher

185

Describing students' talk about physical science phenomena outside and inside the classroom: A case of secondary school students from Maragoli, western region of Kenya  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Because of cultural and linguistic influences on science learning involving students from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds, calls have been made for teachers to enact teaching that is sensitive to these students' backgrounds. However, most of the research involving such students has tended to focus on students at elementary grade levels from predominantly two linguistic backgrounds, Hispanic and Haitian Creole, learning science concepts mainly in the life sciences. Also, most of the studies examined classroom interactions between teachers and the students and among students. Not much attention had been paid to how students talk about ideas inherent in scientific phenomena in an outside-the-classroom context and much less on how that talk relates to that of the classroom. Thus, this research extends knowledge in the area of science learning involving students learning science in a language other than their first language to include students from a language background other than Hispanic and Haitian Creole at not only the high school level but also their learning of ideas in a content area other than the life science (i.e., the physical sciences). More importantly, this research extends knowledge in the area by relating science learning outside and inside the classroom. This dissertation describes this exploratory research project that adopted a case study strategy. The research involved seven Form Two (tenth grade) students (three boys and four girls) from one public, mixed gender day secondary school in rural Kenya. I collected data from the students through focus group discussions as they engaged in talking about ideas inherent in selected physical science phenomena and activities they encountered in their everyday lives, as well as learned about in their science classrooms. I supplemented these data with data from one-on-one semi-structured interviews with two teachers (one for chemistry and one for physics) on their teaching of ideas investigated in this research, the secondary school syllabus (KIE, 2002) as well as the students' responses to questions on teacher-made assessments involving the ideas investigated. Three main findings emerged through this research. The findings are: (1) the students adopted everyday ways of making sense of the world (i.e., everyday language and everyday observations) in talking about ideas investigated both outside- and inside-the-classroom contexts, (2) cultural knowledge emerged from the student's talk related to the nature and form of lightning different from that emphasized in science, and (3) students who may initially seem uninterested in participating in discussions involving science ideas showed possibilities for participation in such discussions. Drawing on the work of scholars such as Aikenhead (2001), Ballenger (1997), Brock-Utne (2007), Herbel-Eisenmann (2002) and Warren et al. (2001), I argue that students' everyday ways of makings sense of the world are rich starting points from which to leverage students towards meaningful learning in science. However, this may happen only if instructional materials such as the syllabus are explicit in not only giving examples of phenomena and students' experiences with them in outside the classroom contexts, but also acknowledging that possibilities exist for cultural understanding and talk about ideas inherent in the phenomena involving ideas students learn about in their science classrooms.

Oberrecht, Stephen Patrick

186

Astronomy Teaching in Europe's Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

EU/ESO Workshop for European Physics Teachers A joint Workshop of the European Union (EU) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) will take place on November 25 - 30, 1994 under the auspices of the European Week for Scientific Culture. The Workshop is entitled "Astronomy: Science, Culture and Technology". It will bring together at the ESO Headquarters in Garching (Germany) more than 100 secondary school teachers and ministerial representatives from 17 European countries to discuss all aspects of this broad subject. It is the first and very visible part of a new, sustained effort to stimulate and modernize the teaching of the subjects of Astronomy and Astrophysics in European secondary schools. During the Workshop, the participants will experience the present state of this multi-disciplinary science in its most general context, that is as a human, long-term scientific and technological endeavour with great cultural implications. They will exchange views on how the various elements of Astronomy can best be utilized within the educational schemes of the individual countries, both as subjects in their own rights, and especially in support of many other items on the present teaching agenda. Why This Workshop ? Astronomy is probably the oldest science. Since innumerable millenia, it has continued to have a great influence on mankind's perception of itself and its surroundings. In our days, Astronomy and Astrophysics have become a central area of the natural sciences with many direct links to other sciences (e.g., many aspects of physics, mathematics, chemistry, the geo-sciences, etc.); it has an important cultural content (including our distant origins, the recognition of the location and restricted extent of our niche in space and time, cosmological considerations as well as philosophy in general); its recent successes are to a large amount dependent on advanced technologies and methodologies (e.g., optics, electronics, detector techniques at all wavelengths, computer techniques like image processing and the transfer, storage and retrieval of enormous data sets). Astronomy is undoubtedly one of the sciences that enjoys the most intense public interest and it also has a great media appeal, in part because of its exploratory ("adventurous") character and ability to produce spectacular images, cf. the recent, dramatic collision between a comet and Jupiter. Moreover, with the increasing public awareness of the Earth's fragile ecosystems and the obvious influence of external, i.e., "astronomical" forces (solar irradiation, variations in the Earth's orbit, collisions with other bodies, radiative effects from nearby cosmic explosions, etc.), this science has taken on a new significance in the minds of many people. Nevertheless, the teaching of Astronomy in European secondary schools has been the subject of many vacillations during the past decades. In several countries it is taught at a quite rudimentary and "old-fashioned" level, in others, some of its elements are included, but most often in a seemingly haphazard way; it is very rare, that an overall, holistic view is presented. This is despite the obvious fact that many areas of Astronomy are relatively easy to comprehend (at least qualitatively) and that this science is a most illustrative example of the interplay between science, culture and technology in all its historical and modern aspects. It moreover demonstrates the unity of science, gives a host of educationally useful examples of the scientific method, and may also serve as a natural stepping stone into a large number of other areas of human knowledge and activities. The Workshop Programme The Workshop will begin in the afternoon of Friday, November 25, when the participants gather at the ESO Headquarters in Garching near Munich. It ends after four busy days in the evening of Tuesday, November 29. To begin with, specialist speakers will provide reviews of some of the scientific subjects now at the forefront of Astronomy and Astrophysics, overviews of selected astronomical tech

1994-11-01

187

[Secondary Career Education Activities: Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The guide is one of a series developed in a pilot project to integrate career education concepts with subject matter in secondary grades. The units are designed to reveal career orientation aspects of traditional topics within five major subject areas: English, social studies, mathematics, science, and health and physical education. The lesson…

Radford City Schools, VA.

188

Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be a tough thing to admit: Despite hearing so much about the importance of inquiry-based science education, you may not be exactly sure what it is--not to mention how to do it. But now this engaging new book takes the intimidation out of inquiry. Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting gives you an overview of what inquiry can be like in middle and high school and explores how to incorporate more inquiry-centered practices into your own teaching. In 11 concise chapters, leading researchers raise and resolve such key questions as: ? What is inquiry? ? What does inquiry look like in specific classes, such as the Earth science lab or the chemistry lab? ? What are the basic features of inquiry instruction? ? How do you assess science as inquiry? Science as Inquiry was created to fill a vacuum. No other book serves as such a compact, easy-to-understand orientation to inquiry. It's ideal for guiding discussion, fostering reflection, and helping you enhance your own classroom practices. As chapter author Mark Windschitl writes, "The aim of doing more authentic science in schools is not to mimic scientists, but to develop the depth of content knowledge, the habits of mind, and the critical reasoning skills that are so crucial to basic science literacy." This volume guides you to find new ways of helping students further along the path to science literacy.

2007-12-01

189

How Secondary School Principals Build Trust in Kenyan Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The most successful school leaders are those who have been able to transform their schools into centers of deep and ongoing learning by managing relationships (Kaser & Halbert, 2009). Consequently, strong levels of trust are preconditions for successful school improvement initiative. Research confirms that no cooperation strategy works in high…

Abaya, Joel Ondieki

2011-01-01

190

Influences of block scheduling on secondary science teaching practices  

Microsoft Academic Search

Increasing the length of class periods has become one of the most frequently implemented recommendations from the secondary school restructuring movement. Many schools have changed to a block schedule in which the students have four 90--100 minute periods each day. The needs of science classes, such as time to set up and perform lab experiments, suggest the block schedule may

Donna Louise Ross

1998-01-01

191

Atoms in the Secondary School: Part 1  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses an experimental curriculum project in Hungary that introduces quantum mechanics into the secondary school. Briefly covers the following topics: superposition and intensity of waves, de Broglie wavelength, the uncertainty principle, ground states, quantum numbers, and symmetry. (MLH)

Marx, George

1976-01-01

192

Deoxyribonucleic Acid and Other Words Students Avoid Speaking Aloud: Evaluating the Role of Pronunciation on Participation in Secondary School Science Classroom Conversations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Student's verbal participation in science classrooms is an essential element in building the skills necessary for proficiency in scientific literacy and discourse. The myriad of new, multisyllabic vocabulary terms introduced in one year of secondary school biology instruction can overwhelm students and further impede the self-efficacy needed for concise constructions of scientific explanations and arguments. Factors inhibiting students' inclination to answer questions, share ideas and respond to peers in biology classrooms include confidence and self-perceived competence in appropriately speaking the language of science. Providing students with explicit, engaging instruction in methods to develop vocabulary for use in expressing conclusions is critical for expanding comprehension of science concepts. This study fused the recommended strategies for engaging vocabulary instruction with linguistic practices for teaching pronunciation to examine the relationship between a student's ability to pronounce challenging bio-terminology and their propensity to speak in teacher-led, guided classroom discussions. Interviews, surveys, and measurements quantifying and qualifying students' participation in class discussions before and after explicit instruction in pronunciation were used to evaluate the potential of this strategy as an appropriate tool for increasing students' self-efficacy and willingness to engage in biology classroom conversations. The findings of this study showed a significant increase in student verbal participation in classroom discussions after explicit instruction in pronunciation combined with vocabulary literacy strategies. This research also showed an increase in the use of vocabulary words in student comments after the intervention.

Beck, Stacie Elizabeth

193

An Empirical Analysis of Teacher Spillover Effects in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines whether educational production in secondary school involves joint production among teachers across subjects. In doing so, it also provides insights into the reliability of value-added modeling. Teacher value-added to reading test scores is estimated for four different teacher types: English, math, science and social-studies.…

Koedel, Cory

2009-01-01

194

A Tracer Study of Lebanese Upper Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents data arising from a tracer study of 90 terminating Beirut upper secondary school students. Nearly all the students intended to transit to university, about half of them to science and technology programmes, and subsequently did so. Median anticipated earnings upon graduation were realistic, but a lack of information or guidance…

Vlaardingerbroek, Barend; Dallal, Kamel; Rizkallah, George; Rabah, Jihan

2007-01-01

195

A Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Course for Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a course for reinforcing the knowledge of biochemistry in secondary school science teachers. The Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona designed a course to bring these teachers up to date with this discipline. In addition to updating their knowledge of biochemistry and molecular…

Fernandez-Novell, J. M.; Cid, E.; Gomis, R.; Barbera, A.; Guinovart, J. J.

2004-01-01

196

Investigating Secondary School Students' Unmediated Peer Assessment Skills  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate secondary school students' unmediated peer assessment skills. Specifically, 36 seventh graders, without receiving any kind of support, were anonymously assigned to reciprocally assess their peers' science web-portfolios. Additionally, students' attitudes towards and intentions about the use of…

Tsivitanidou, Olia E.; Zacharia, Zacharias C.; Hovardas, Tasos

2011-01-01

197

A tracer study of Lebanese upper secondary school students  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents data arising from a tracer study of 90 terminating Beirut upper secondary school students. Nearly all the students intended to transit to university, about half of them to science and technology programmes, and subsequently did so. Median anticipated earnings upon graduation were realistic, but a lack of information or guidance about higher education and career options was

Barend Vlaardingerbroek; Kamel Dallal; George Rizkallah; Jihan Rabah

2007-01-01

198

Hiring Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Today's effective school counselors are integral in education reform, school leadership, and student achievement. It is typically the responsibility of building principals to hire effective school counselors. This article builds on previous literature and provides principals with questions to ask and information to gather that may be helpful in…

McGlothlin, Jason M.; Miller, Lynne Guillot

2008-01-01

199

The Personal Plans of Secondary School Seniors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the personal plans of secondary school seniors. The author discusses the research projects concerning problems of young people's orientation and choice of profession. Furthermore, the author examines the role played by objective and subjective factors in the shaping of the personal plans of senior students in secondary

Cherednichenko, G. A.

2006-01-01

200

Secondary School Subcultures and the Implementation of Nontraditional School Schedules.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers who view schools as cultural organizations have tended to assume that they are monocultural entities. This paper presents a view of complex secondary schools as multicultural organizations. It discusses findings of a year-long study that examined the professional culture within two high schools in Washington State as each attempted to…

Isaacson, Nancy S.; Wilson, Sandra M.

201

Secondary School Administrators' Attitudes toward Confidentiality in School Counseling  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The school counseling literature emphasizes the importance of confidentiality in the counseling relationship. In some circumstances, school policy may require disclosure of content discussed in counseling unrelated to threat of harm to self or others. This pilot study investigated secondary school principals' attitudes toward the practice of…

O'Connell, William P.

2012-01-01

202

The Admissions Criteria of Secondary Free Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents the results of an analysis of the admissions criteria used by the first two waves of secondary Free Schools in England. The type of criteria and their ranked order is explored and their potential impact on the school composition is considered. The findings demonstrate the diversity of criteria being used by this new type of…

Morris, Rebecca

2014-01-01

203

Bold Ideas for Secondary School Reform  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Every day, principals across the country are taking courageous action to reform struggling schools and make a difference in students' lives. As the assistant secretary of education for elementary and secondary education, the author has been fortunate to meet with school and district leaders and see some of those transformations firsthand. The…

de Santa Ana, Thelma Melendez

2011-01-01

204

Secondary School Department Chair Roles: Principal Expectations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The literature on the principalship is extensive, revealing ways in which principals can foster or impede school success. At the same time, another formal secondary school-level position, the department chair, has garnered little scholarly attention. Thus far, the literature offers a limited account of the roles that chairs should or do perform in…

Brent, Brian O.; Deangelis, Karen J.; Surash, Barbara M.

2014-01-01

205

Reading Interests of Gifted Secondary School Writers.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study investigated the relationship between reading and the writings of gifted secondary school writers, especially their developmental reading interests, leisure reading selections, and the influence of others on their literary choices. Subjects, 79 students from rural and urban Arkansas schools were participating in a gifted writers'…

Sullivan, Emilie P.; Donoho, Grace E.

206

Laboratory Technicians in Australian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of reports have argued that secondary science education needs to be more inquiry oriented and involve authentic and practical investigations to develop scientific literacy and better engage students in learning science. Inquiry-oriented approaches, such as those advocated in the new science national curriculum, require that teachers have…

Hackling, Mark W.

2009-01-01

207

The changes in open inquiry understandings and teaching among pre-service secondary science teachers during their pre-service school practica and student teaching  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the study was to examine the development of pre-service science teachers' understandings of inquiry and their change in teaching abilities central to inquiry as they continued through the Secondary Science Teacher Education Program at The University of Iowa. The research procedures consisted of both qualitative and quantitative methods. Quantitatively, the Repeated Measure Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) was utilized to check for statistical variance. The Open Inquiry Assessment Rubric was developed as along with the Modified Open Inquiry Framework. The Modified OIF was used to interpret the quantitative data obtained from the OIAR into categorical levels of inquiry. The interview data were assessed in many ways. Specific criteria were created in quantifying subjects' responses. Qualitative data were obtained through student teacher interviews. Qualitative data were used to assist the researcher in explaining results of quantitative data as well as measuring topics that are difficult to measure using quantitative methods. Major findings include: (1) Statistically significant positive trends in the means indicate that change is taking place over time in secondary science pre-service teachers' understanding and ability to teach using an inquiry method. (2) Pre-service teachers are generally in the developmental stage of actualization regarding inquiry teaching. They are able to teach an inquiry lesson yet it is not a regular part of their teaching. (3) Pre-service teachers indicate through interview responses that cooperating teachers do have an influence upon their views of inquiry, whether positive or negative. (4) Student teachers, during student teaching, revert somewhat to their former understandings of science teaching similar to their own high school learning experiences. (5) As additional science teaching methods courses are completed, there is a positive trend, statistically significant, in pre-service teachers' understandings of inquiry. (6) Pre-service teachers deal with roadblocks to teaching using an inquiry approach. The results from the study imply that a gradual approach to introducing strategies of teaching with inquiry should be used along with explicit examples of different inquiry lessons. If possible, cooperating teachers open to the idea of inquiry teaching need to be assigned to student teachers.

Martin, Lisa Michelle

2001-07-01

208

US secondary schools and food outlets  

Microsoft Academic Search

We examined the availability of fast food restaurants and convenience stores within walking distance (0.5 miles or 805m) of US public secondary schools. We found that one-third of schools nationwide have at least one fast food restaurant or convenience store within walking distance. In multivariate analyses, schools in the lowest-income versus the highest-income neighborhoods have more fast food restaurants and

Shannon N. Zenk; Lisa M. Powell

2008-01-01

209

Primary and Secondary Teachers' Ideas on School Visits to Science Centres in the Basque Country  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent decades, research has shown the challenge posed to teachers by science education in informal contexts such as science museums or centres. In addition, there is consensus that in the case of pupils visiting a science centre, learning improves when the visit is connected to the classroom curriculum, so the teachers' involvement in…

Morentin, Maite; Guisasola, Jenaro

2015-01-01

210

Using Photo Elicitation Interview to Conceptualize In-Service Secondary School Science Teachers' Knowledge Base For Teaching Climate Change  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Photo Elicitation Interviews (PEI) were used for assessing in-service secondary school teachers' conceptual understanding about global climate change (GCC). We selected PEI over attitude surveys, multiple-choice content assessments and interviews because we believe that evaluating knowledge about GCC requires an understanding of the system as a whole (Papadimitriou, 2004). Hence we conducted interviews with ten teachers using visual representations of GCC. The 8 images used in this approach were obtained from NASA image collection and local climatology websites. Questions associated with these images were developed, aligned with Essential Principles for Climate Literacy (NOAA, 2009) and interviews were conducted following a weeklong, summer professional development workshop based on propagating climate literacy. Image1 elicited teachers' understanding about global warming. Almost all said that they were intrigued but they needed for more evidence to fully understand the issue. Image 2 was designed to elicit teachers' understandings of weather vs. climate. All ten teachers were able to distinguish between weather and climate but were aware of how many years of weather data was needed to make climate predictions. Their answers varied from 10 years to 100 years. Image 3 showed the Greenhouse effect, which most of the teachers were able to describe but they were not able, describe 'enhanced green house effect'. Gaps in knowledge about 'earth as a radiating body' and 'long wave and short wave radiations' also became evident during the process. Similar to Grima et al., 2010, Gautier, 2006 and Kempton, 1991, three participants attributed the increase in global temperatures to the size of the ozone hole, which is a commonly held misconception. Image 4 showed an image of the Keeling curve, which was well explained by most, but only five teachers were able to identify the cause of seasonal fluctuations in the amount of carbon dioxide gas released in the atmosphere. Image 5 and 6 were a pictorial representation of the carbon dioxide levels and increasing temperatures in our atmosphere that all ten participants were able to describe confidently. Images7, 8 represented a flooding event in the Mississippi River in the Midwest USA. When asked about the direct and indirect impacts of changing climate especially in regards to flooding and droughts, all the participants mentioned that increasing temperatures are correlated with the increased chances of drought or precipitation. They attributed this to the global circulation pattern of winds. Most participants were not sure about the interplay of several factors at a very local scale. Using this process of PEI, we were able to analyze teachers' overall understanding of GCC along with their misconceptions. We also observed that all ten participants of this study displayed their strongest knowledge towards climate literacy principles 6 and 7 related to the causes and implications in a GCC scenario. There was a general lack of appreciation for feedbacks that occur within the climate system, with almost no mentions of the connection between the greenhouse effect and the hydrological cycle.

Bhattacharya, D.; Roehrig, G.; Karahan, E.; Liu, S.

2013-12-01

211

Geometry for the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A sequential but non-axiomatic high school geometry course which includes Euclidean, transformation, and analytic geometry and vectors and matrices, and emphasizes the invariance property of transformations, is outlined. Sample problems, solutions, and comments are included. (MN)

Moalem, D.

1977-01-01

212

Preservice Teachers' Memories of Their Secondary Science Education Experiences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Understanding preservice teachers' memories of their education may aid towards articulating high-impact teaching practices. This study describes 246 preservice teachers' perceptions of their secondary science education experiences through a questionnaire and 28-item survey. ANOVA was statistically significant about participants' memories of science with 15 of the 28 survey items. Descriptive statistics through SPSS further showed that a teacher's enthusiastic nature (87%) and positive attitude towards science (87%) were regarded as highly memorable. In addition, explaining abstract concepts well (79%), and guiding the students' conceptual development with practical science activities (73%) may be considered as memorable secondary science teaching strategies. Implementing science lessons with one or more of these memorable science teaching practices may "make a difference" towards influencing high school students' positive long-term memories about science and their science education. Further research in other key learning areas may provide a clearer picture of high-impact teaching and a way to enhance pedagogical practices.

Hudson, Peter; Usak, Muhammet; Fan?ovi?ová, Jana; Erdo?an, Mehmet; Prokop, Pavol

2010-12-01

213

Secondary School Students' Epistemic Insight into the Relationships between Science and Religion--A Preliminary Enquiry  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of previous studies have shown that there is a widespread view among young people that science and religion are opposed. In this paper, we suggest that it requires a significant level of what can be termed "epistemic insight" to access the idea that some people see science and religion as compatible while others do not. To…

Billingsley, Berry; Taber, Keith; Riga, Fran; Newdick, Helen

2013-01-01

214

Science Education in Our Elementary and Secondary Schools: A Guide for Technical Professionals Who Want To Help.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Across the nation grassroots efforts are springing up in which technical professionals are helping enhance science education. This guide has been prepared to help technical professionals become productively involved in enhancing K-12 science education. It has been prepared by scientists and engineers at Sandia National Laboratories who have been…

Eckelmeyer, Kenneth H., Ed.

215

Equity Lessons for Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Secondary students will develop an awareness of the many facets of sex-role stereotyping through these mini-unit activities. The units can serve as the basis for a mini-course or can be integrated into social studies courses, especially U.S. history. The foci of the mini-units are reflected in their titles: (1) Recognizing and Challenging…

Philadelphia School District, PA. Office of Curriculum and Instruction.

216

Facilitating interest and out-of-school engagement in science in secondary school girls: Increasing the effectiveness of the teaching for transformative experience in science model through parental involvement  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the impact of adding a parental involvement intervention to the Teaching for Transformative Experience in Science (TTES) model in science courses (biology and chemistry) in an all-girl middle and high school (N = 89). Specifically, the goal was to increase out-of-school engagement, interest, parental involvement, and achievement. Analysis showed that TTES with the addition of a parent intervention (TTES+PI) facilitated more out-of-school engagement and parent involvement than a comparison. Furthermore, a high initial level of situational and individual interest was maintained in the TTES+PI condition; whereas both forms of interest decreased in the comparison. A content analysis of transformative experience journal entries suggested that when parents showed value for science concepts, students' experiential value increased. The results provide evidence that the addition of a parent intervention may increase the effectiveness of TTES and maintain girl's interest in science, which has theoretical and practical implications.

Heddy, Benjamin Charles

217

What Do You Know about Alternative Energy? Development and Use of a Diagnostic Instrument for Upper Secondary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The need for renewable and non-fossil fuels is now recognised by nations throughout the world. Consequently, an understanding of alternative energy is needed both in schools and in everyday life-long learning situations. This study developed a two-tier instrument to diagnose students' understanding and alternative conceptions about…

Cheong, Irene Poh-Ai; Johari, Marliza; Said, Hardimah; Treagust, David F.

2015-01-01

218

Enzymes: A Workshop for Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the weekend science workshop on enzymes and includes several projects that involve students directly, parts of which can be incorporated into a traditional chemistry, biology, or physical science course at the secondary level. Subjects include catalysts and catalytic converters in cars, enzymes as consumer products and in industrial…

Bering, C. Larry

1994-01-01

219

HEALTH EDUCATION IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A DIVIDED CURRICULUM OF LESSON PLANS FOR GRADES 7, 8, 9, THEN GRADES 10, 11, 12 WAS DESIGNED. BOTH GROUPS COVER GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, BODY CARE AND GROOMING, DENTAL HEALTH EDUCATION, NUTRITION, MENTAL HEALTH, FAMILY LIFE, FIRST AID AND SAFETY, CONSUMER HEALTH, COMMUNITY HEALTH, AND COMMUNICABLE AND NONCOMMUNICABLE DISEASES. SCHOOL HEALTH…

PAGE, RAY

220

Cognitive development in a secondary science setting  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Observations were made of the progressive change in the cognitive development of 141 students over the course of their secondary education in an Australian private school. Cognitive development was measured in years 8, 10 and 12 using Bond's Logical Orerations Test. Rasch analysis of each of the data sets provided ability estimates for students in the year groups of 1993 (year 8), 1995 (year 10) and 1997 (year 12). Twenty-nine students from the year group of 1993 were tested on all three occasions. We analysed data from these 29 students in order to investigate the children's cognitive development across years 8, 10 and 12. We also examined the influence of the Cognitive Acceleration through Science Education (CASE) Thinking Science program on the cognitive development and scholastic achievement of these students. We found increased mental growth between years 8 and 10 for most students in the Thinking Science cohort, which could not be predicted from their starting levels. There was a significant correlation between cognitive development and the scholastic achievement of these students. Although boys as a group were more advanced in cognitive development than girls in years 8 and 10, no difference was found in the rate of cognitive change based on sex up to year 10. However girls showed cognitive gains across years 10-12 which were not found in boys. The students who were new to the school also showed increased cognitive development in years 11 and 12. Students who had experienced the Thinking Science course were more cognitively developed than students who joined the school after the intervention had taken place. This study supports the claim of Adey and Shayer that there is a relationship between cognitive development and scholastic achievement, even though we used different measures of cognitive development and scholastic achievement.

Endler, Lorna C.; Bond, Trevor

2000-12-01

221

PLANNING THE SECONDARY SCHOOL PLANT. SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING SERIES.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ONE OF A SERIES OF NINE SCHOOL PLANT PLANNING GUIDES, THIS REPORT OUTLINES SPECIFIC AS WELL AS GENERAL PLANNING PRINCIPLES. A PHILOSOPHICAL BASIS OF PLANNING IS RELATED TO THE EDUCATIONAL NEEDS OF THE SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENT. PLANNING PROCEDURES INCLUDE LONG RANGE PLANNING AND STEPS FOR OVERALL PLANNING. INCLUDED IN THE STEPS ARE PREPARING…

Utah State Board of Education, Salt Lake City.

222

Integration of computers with teaching of science at the lower secondary level  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of computers has been increasing worldwide for teaching of Science in secondary schools. Also in Pakistan, computers are now available in most of the private schools and their use is steadily increasing for teaching and learning. Government also intends to equip public secondary schools with computer labs. Various research studies suggest that appropriate and effective use of computers

Muhammad Umer Daraz

2007-01-01

223

Forensic Science: Middle School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This resource guide from the Middle School Portal 2 project, written specifically for teachers, provides links to exemplary resources including background information, lessons, career information, and related national science education standards. This resource guide for middle school educators provides background content knowledge, lessons and activities, career information, and ideas for integrating forensics topics and concepts into existing units commonly taught in middle level science - for example, nature of science, methods of science, biology, engineering or genetics units. One section shows the alignment of resources to the National Science Education Standards.

Mary LeFever

224

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT WINNERS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR  

E-print Network

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR PROJECT WINNERS ELEMENTARY SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR SWEEPSTAKES WINNER FAIR PROJECT WINNERS MIDDLE SCHOOL SCIENCE FAIR SWEEPSTAKES WINNER! Kirsten Blanton, Cram Middle School Academy of Science Las Vegas 2 nd : Allie O'Bier, Montessori Visions Academy 3 rd : Moonis Ghani, Omar

Hemmers, Oliver

225

Using the Internet in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides practical information for secondary school teachers on using the Internet to enhance learning. The first chapter looks at how to make the best use of a World Wide Web browser, gives some general tips for using the Web, and examines more advanced topics such as downloading, plug-ins, and using the Web "offline." Tips on searching…

De Cicco, Eta; Farmer, Mike; Hargrave, James

226

Agriculture: Horticulture. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This agricultural curriculum guide on horticulture for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

227

Construction: Masonry. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This construction curriculum guide on masonry for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

228

Online Catalogs in Secondary School Libraries.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Computer/automated catalogs have been in use in secondary schools for some time and have numerous advantages. A public access catalog (PAC) allows networking with other libraries, use of the Boolean search function, and the retrieval of bibliographic citations from a variety of access points. Moreover, PAC's have recently become more user…

Smith, Donald R.

229

Class-Size Effects in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We analyze class-size effects on academic achievement in secondary school in Denmark exploiting an institutional setting where pupils cannot predict class size prior to enrollment, and where post-enrollment responses aimed at affecting realized class size are unlikely. We identify class-size effects combining a regression discontinuity design with…

Krassel, Karl Fritjof; Heinesen, Eskil

2014-01-01

230

Language Attitudes of Estonian Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The results of a survey of language attitudes of Estonian secondary school students, ages 15 to 18, are presented, and the implications for the practice of language maintenance are discussed. The survey revealed that Estonian is valued as a token of identity but not much as a commodity in the sense of linguistic economy. It is argued that…

Ehala, Martin; Niglas, Katrin

2006-01-01

231

Multiculturalism in Secondary School Physical Education Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study focused on how textbook authors in secondary school physical education used multicultural education concepts, using Banks' (2006a) dimensions and Sleeter and Grant's (1999) approaches. Data collection methods included examination of textbooks' chapters, indexes, and references in five textbooks. Constant comparison method…

Hsu, Shan-Hui; Chepyator-Thomson, Rose

2010-01-01

232

Engaging Secondary School Students in Lifelong Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A "lifelong learning" orientation to education is seen as vital if young people are to thrive in the knowledge rich, constantly-changing world of today and the immediate future. This study identifies ways that the foundations for lifelong learning can be built in secondary schools. "Lifelong Learning" is interpreted as engaging people with…

Bryce, Jennifer; Withers, Graeme

2003-01-01

233

Modern Physics In Brazilian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The current work reports a research that aimed to update the curriculum for the teaching of Physics. Topics from modern and contemporaneous theories are generally put aside in secondary school classes, for both course programs and formal university background designed to teachers of Physics focus on classic topics. We present the results of some…

Pietrocola, Mauricio

2005-01-01

234

Electricity: Residential Wiring. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This curriculum guide on residential wiring for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective delivery of…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

235

Teaching about Korea in Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents 12 study guides for teaching secondary school students about Korean history and culture. The study guides deal with ancient legends, history, family, women's roles, traditions, folk customs, economic development, the division of Korea, the Korean War, links with the United States, and comparisons between North and South Korea. (GEA)

Van Decar, Patricia

1988-01-01

236

Teaching English at Polish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aims of this paper are to determine: 1. if Polish secondary school learners are studying English so that they can obtain jobs in the UK and Ireland and 2. whether they prefer to learn how to speak English from a native speaker teacher than from a non-native instructor. Eighteen students, who study at ZESPOL SZKOL MECHANICZNYCH NR 2 in Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.; Pirog, Renata; Kritsonis, William Allan

2010-01-01

237

SQL APPLICATION FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL LEAVING EXAMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper main objective is to present SQL power of use for a case of data management with heterogeneous data classification. The article is based on a PHP application developed to manage a real situation of secondary school leaving examination in August 2003 at Bra?ov city, Romania at exams center no. 29, where the first author was president of the

Lorentz JÄNTSCHI; Mariana MARCU

2003-01-01

238

Preparing to Teach in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book is key reading for all trainee secondary school teachers. It covers the range of core professional skills that student teachers need to acquire irrespective of their subject specialism or their training route. It also considers recent developments in teaching, exploring the opportunities and challenges they present for those about to…

Brooks, Valerie, Ed.; Abbott, Ian, Ed.; Bills, Liz, Ed.

2004-01-01

239

Organic Horticulture in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report is based on five years experience working with primary and secondary school teachers in Italy to develop organic farming as an activity for students. The tasks involved were intended to develop our students' environmental awareness, allow them to produce food organically and show that market gardening could be a productive hobby. In…

Marrocco, Aldo

2009-01-01

240

Secondary School Curriculum Guide: Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Cranston Secondary School Curriculum Guide (9-12) for Industrial Arts is intended to serve as a resource for teachers, students, department chairman, guidance personnel, curriculum planners, and others involved in present or future curriculum planning. At least one broadly stated major objective is provided for each section, encompassing the…

Cranston School Dept., RI.

241

Topics in English for the Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written primarily for the secondary school English teacher, this book suggests specific projects to extend the range and variety of the English curriculum and to develop the students' language skills and imaginations. Part I contains discussions of the nature and purposes of English lessons, the place of literature in education, methods for…

Summerfield, Geoffrey

242

Should Secondary Schools Buy Local Area Networks?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The advantages of microcomputer networks include resource sharing, multiple user communications, and integrating data processing and office automation. This article nonetheless favors stand-alone computers for Australian secondary school classrooms because of unreliable hardware, software design, and copyright problems, and individual progress…

Hyde, Hartley

1986-01-01

243

British Columbia Secondary School Admission Requirements  

E-print Network

and Second Language Education, Modern Languages (German, Italian, Spanish), Philosophy, Political Science**, Philosophy, Political Science, Psychology, Social Justice**, Sociology, Visual Arts**, Women's Studies. · French majors require French. · Majors in all other languages do not require prior high school language

244

Critical Evaluation of a Web Site: Secondary School Level  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This is a checklist designed to help secondary school users critically evaluate web resources. By answering the questions in the checklist, students can then assess if the site would be a good one to use for their science research projects. There is a series of "How does it look?" questions and a series of "What did you learn?" questions that challenge students to think critically about what they are looking at and then summarize the effectiveness of the web site.

Kathleen Schrock

245

Space Mathematics: A Resource for Secondary School Teachers  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A collection of mathematical problems related to NASA space science projects is presented. In developing the examples and problems, attention was given to preserving the authenticity and significance of the original setting while keeping the level of mathematics within the secondary school curriculum. Computation and measurement, algebra, geometry, probability and statistics, exponential and logarithmic functions, trigonometry, matrix algebra, conic sections, and calculus are among the areas addressed.

Kastner, Bernice

1985-01-01

246

Secondary Science Teachers' Classroom Assessment and Grading Practices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated the assessment and grading practices of 213 secondary science teachers representing urban, suburban, and rural schools. Teachers indicated the extent to which they used various factors in grading students, the types of assessments used, and the cognitive level of these assessments. The results indicate a wide variation in…

McMillan, James H.; Lawson, Sonya R.

247

Pennsylvania's Energy Curriculum for the Secondary Grades: Earth Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Two dozen energy-related earth science lessons comprise this guide for secondary school teachers. Intended to provide information about energy issues that exist in Pennsylvania and throughout the world, the activities cover topics such as coal mining, radioactivity, and the distribution of oil and gas in Pennsylvania. Lessons include objectives,…

Pennsylvania State Dept. of Education, Harrisburg.

248

Science in School  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Crafted by the EIRO Forum, the Science in School website aims "to promote inspiring science teaching by encouraging communication between teachers, scientists, and everyone else." Along the top of the page, visitors can look over the various categories of information offered here which include chemistry, earth science, education, and physics. Each of these areas includes fact sheets, classroom activities, and lecture outlines. Visitors can also dive into the Highlighted Articles, which offer up everything from "Bread-making: Teaching Science in Primary School" to "On Your Bike: How Muscles Respond." Additionally, the Scientist Profiles offer thoughtful interviews with scientists from across the European Union.

249

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents procedures, demonstrations, activities, and teaching suggestions on topics appropriate for middle school science including a simple electrolysis cell, conversion factors, energy, solubilities of salts, condensers, and a worksheet for studying coppice woodlands. (DC)

School Science Review, 1982

1982-01-01

250

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes activities, demonstrations, and materials suitable for middle school science, including investigations on solar energy, surface tension, exploding cottages, worms and light, airplanes, depolarizing simple cells, and the thermal expansion of metals. (JN)

School Science Review, 1981

1981-01-01

251

Practical Work in Biology, Chemistry and Physics at Lower Secondary and General Upper Secondary Schools in Slovenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Syllabi in the science subjects, biology, chemistry and physics at lower and general upper secondary school are compared in the light of their underlying philosophies, goals, objectives and recognized importance in science teaching. Even though all syllabi were prepared within the same framework, great differences among syllabi concerning…

Sorgo, Andrej; Spernjak, Andreja

2012-01-01

252

Secondary Students' Perceptions of Assessments in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The problems of the decreasing enrolment of science students at secondary school level as well as the lagging science and mathematics achievement and literacy of Malaysian secondary students in international assessment studies point to a serious challenge for the government to improve Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM)…

Meng, Chew Cheng; Idris, Noraini; Eu, Leong Kwan

2014-01-01

253

Research School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

1 Research School of Computer Science Student Handbook #12;2 © The Australian National University 2013 Research School of Computer Science College of Engineering and Computer Science The Australian effectively in the Research School of Computer Science, ANU College of Engineering and Computer Science. Our

Botea, Adi

254

An Annotated Bibliography of Teaching Bioethics in the Public Secondary School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study was conducted to identify bioethical topics of possible interest for a high school science curriculum, focusing on advantages and disadvantages of bioethical education and emphasizing the procedure to incorporate bioethics instruction into the secondary school science curriculum. Researched material is presented as an annotated…

Jennings, Bruce D.

255

Learning Activities That Combine Science Magic Activities with the 5E Instructional Model to Influence Secondary-School Students' Attitudes to Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate how learning materials based on Science Magic activities affect student attitudes to science. A quasi-experimental design was conducted to explore the combination of Science Magic with the 5E Instructional Model to develop learning materials for teaching a science unit about friction. The participants…

Lin, Jang-Long; Cheng, Meng-Fei; Chang, Ying-Chi; Li, Hsiao-Wen; Chang, Jih-Yuan; Lin, Deng-Min

2014-01-01

256

Smoking Intensity among Nigerian Secondary Schools Adolescent Smokers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined smoking intensity among secondary school adolescent smokers. A total of 800 students, made up of 685 males and 115 females who have at least tasted a cigarette once, from twenty secondary schools (5 private and 15 public secondary schools) in Benin City, Nigeria participated in the study. A questionnaire was used in collecting…

Imhonde, Henry O.; Aluede, Oyaziwo

2007-01-01

257

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explains some middle school science demonstrations and experiments: included are a simplified circuit board, a scheme for the identification of plastics, a soot-free bunsen burner, science in a packet of cornflakes, and perceptual ambiguities with a "Chinese Compass." (GA)

School Science Review, 1978

1978-01-01

258

School Students' Science Achievement  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper is a report of the impact of an externally funded, multiyear systemic reform project on students' science achievement on a modified version of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) test in 33 small, rural school districts in two Midwest states. The systemic reform effort utilized a cascading leadership strategy…

Shymansky, James; Wang, Tzu-Ling; Annetta, Leonard; Everett, Susan; Yore, Larry D.

2013-01-01

259

A study of the access for girl students to science group at the secondary level  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low enrollment of girls in science is a general concern for every one. It seems that girls are not getting full advantage from the study of science. This study is aimed at developing a better understanding of the issue of low participation in science at the secondary school level. The qualitative study was conducted in two urban schools , a

Imdad Shafi Bikak

1998-01-01

260

Summer Institutes for Secondary Teachers of Science, Mathematics and Social Science. 1972 Directory.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This directory lists the institutions awarded support by the National Science Foundation for 276 summer institutes in 1972 for secondary school teachers of science and/or mathematics. The introduction gives information on "unitary" and "sequential" institutes, eligibility and selection of participants, applications, and information concerning…

National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

261

Preservice Secondary Science Teachers' Experiences and Ideas about Bullying in Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Given the prevalence of bullying in schools, it is imperative that preservice secondary science teachers (PSSTs) know how to deal with this issue in the classroom. This is especially important in science, as the content covered in classes can sometimes lead to discussions of race, religion, and sexual orientation, which can be sensitive topics. In…

Raven, Sara; Jurkiewicz, Melissa A.

2014-01-01

262

Preparing Future Secondary Computer Science Educators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although nearly every college offers a major in computer science, many computer science teachers at the secondary level have received little formal training. This paper presents details of a project that could make a significant contribution to national efforts to improve computer science education by combining teacher education and professional…

Ajwa, Iyad

2007-01-01

263

Vocational-Technical Facilities for Secondary Schools: A Planning Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data provided by national agencies indicate that only 15 to 18 percent of all young people who begin school continue on to earn the baccalaureate degree. The others exit from formal education on or before graduation from secondary schools to enter the labor market. Public secondary schools, as well as junior high and elementary schools, must…

Nerden, Joseph T.

264

Research School of Computer Science  

E-print Network

1 Research School of Computer Science Student Handbook #12;2 © The Australian National University 2012 Research School of Computer Science College of Engineering and Computer Science The Australian effectively in the Research Research School of Computer Science, ANU College of Engineering and Computer

Botea, Adi

265

Assessing Ethics in Secondary Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasing number of science courses now include consideration of the ethical implications of science. However, there is little agreement about how ethical reasoning in science should be assessed. This article highlights the conclusions of a seminar on the assessment of ethics in science that was organized by the Nuffield Foundation Curriculum…

Reiss, Michael J.

2011-01-01

266

Secondary Science Teacher Certification Requirements Undergraduate Program  

E-print Network

BIOL 305 Comparative Animal Physiology BIOL 304L Plant Biology Laboratory OR BIOL 305L ComparativeSecondary Science Teacher Certification Requirements Biology Undergraduate Program Candidate:______________ Date:______________ Biology Requirements: BIOL 100 Concepts of Biology BIOL 100L Concepts of Biology

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

267

School of Ocean Sciences  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The School of Ocean Sciences, one of the largest university Marine Science departments in Europe, is a multi-disciplinary department located on the shores of the Menai Strait, North Wales, United Kingdom. The program is divided into four research groups: physics of the shelf seas, sedimentary processes, biogeochemistry, and marine biology. Site features information on faculty, courses, current research, and the Research Vessel Prince Madog.

268

Nuffield Secondary Science, Theme 8, The Earth and Its Place in the Universe.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nuffield Secondary Science is a set of tested materials from which teachers can prepare courses for students in grades 9-11 (approximately) who do not intend to major in science. The materials are designed for British secondary schools but are adaptable for other countries. The Teachers' Guide to the entire set of materials is described in SE 015…

Leigh, R.

269

Faith Schools, Social Capital and Academic Attainment: Evidence from TIMSS-R Mathematics Scores in Flemish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Social capital theory, recent developments in the theory of identity and a small econometric literature all suggest positive attainment effects from faith schooling. To test this hypothesis, the authors use a unique data set on Flemish secondary school students from the 1999 repeat of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study to…

Pugh, Geoff; Telhaj, Shqiponje

2008-01-01

270

Secondary Schools: A Reference Handbook. Contemporary Education Issues.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book attempts to serve as a compendium and a chronology of secondary education in the United States, taking a broad rather than a narrow approach and touching on a great many topics and issues. Chapters 1 and 2 present a history of secondary schools and a discussion of adolescence. Chapter 3 discusses curriculum in secondary schools,…

Villaverde, Leila E.

271

SCHOOL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT  

E-print Network

development (TPD) #12;Areas of Work Curriculum development and evaluation Classroom interaction CognitiveSCHOOL SCIENCE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT Jayashree Ramadas HBCSE Review, October 19, 2014 Grade IV students of Gram-Mangal school Vikramgad using the Small Science curriculum #12;School Science R&D 40 years

Shyamasundar, R.K.

272

Modernized Newtonian Cosmology in Secondary Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modern cosmology is founded on general relativity. Therefore, it lies outside the syllabus of classical physics and mathematics in most secondary schools. Nevertheless, it is desirable to introduce its concepts, methods and results to interested students. This is possible by assuming modified principles of homogeneity and isotropy and applying Newtonian dynamics with an extra repulsive force including Einstein's cosmological constant. With suitable simplifications and approximations several cosmological models can be derived with basic calculus from the Friedmann-Lemaitre equation, e.g. today's accelerating universe. The derivation is supplemented by examples of hypothetical universes to illustrate the theory.

Sigurdsson, Thorir

2007-08-01

273

A Schools Science Exhibition  

Microsoft Academic Search

The preparation of school Science Fair Projects provides a medium to assess the qualities of ‘good’ teaching practice described by Campbell (1986) and to examine these qualities in the context of Renzulli's three task levels (1977). It would seem that the preparation of an exhibit fulfils both Campbell's criteria and Renzulli's task descriptors.

Derek J. Gray

1990-01-01

274

Physical Activity Breaks and Facilities in US Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Research on physical activity breaks and facilities (indoor and outdoor) in secondary schools is relatively limited. Methods: School administrators and students in nationally representative samples of 8th (middle school) and 10th/12th grade (high school) students were surveyed annually from 2008-2009 to 2011-2012. School administrators…

Hood, Nancy E.; Colabianchi, Natalie; Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.

2014-01-01

275

Patterns of Drug Abuse in Public Secondary Schools in Kenya  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The objective of this study was to establish the association between substance abuse and the sociodemographic characteristics of secondary school students. All the students of 17 randomly stratified public secondary schools in Nairobi were required to complete self-administered sociodemographic and the School Toolkit questionnaires in a…

Ndetei, David M.; Khasakhala, Lincoln I.; Mutiso, Victoria; Ongecha-Owuor, Francisca A.; Kokonya, Donald A.

2009-01-01

276

On the Allocation of Resources for Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper studies the optimal allocation of resources--in terms of school management, teachers, supporting employees and materials--in secondary schools. We use a flexible budget constrained output distance function model to estimate both technical and allocative efficiency scores for 448 Dutch secondary schools between 2002 and 2007. The results…

Haelermans, Carla; De Witte, Kristof; Blank, Jos L. T.

2012-01-01

277

The Relationship between Stress and Bullying among Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: In Hong Kong, secondary school students face high levels of stress due to the examination oriented curricula. According to Sun (2006), some secondary school students cannot bear the pressure when facing the examinations, and some of them may exhibit destructive behaviors such as suicide and bullying. Therefore, cases of school bullying…

Leung, Chi-hung; To, Hing-kwan

2009-01-01

278

National Survey of Secondary Education. Bulletin, 1932, No. 17. Monograph No. 6: The Smaller Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is concerned with the smaller secondary schools, those schools which in the main afford the opportunities for secondary education to the children of the smaller centers of population and rural areas. In order to make the picture as complete as possible, the study has included high schools with enrollments ranging from fewer than…

Ferriss, Emery N.; Gaumnitz, W. H.; Brammell, P. Roy

1933-01-01

279

Missouri Secondary Science Safety Manual.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this safety manual is to provide a resource to help manage and minimize potential risks in science classrooms where students spend up to 60% of instructional time engaged in hands-on activities. This manual contains information on standards, legal aspects, and responsibilities for science safety; general laboratory safety for…

Lemons, Judith L.

280

Pre-Teacher Secondary Education College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Center  

E-print Network

school teacher should major in the subject area that they want to teach. Prospective high school teachers (physical education); history, anthropology, sociology, philosophy, political science, geographyPre-Teacher Secondary Education College of Liberal Arts and Sciences Advising Center 387 Cramer

281

A Selected and Annotated Environmental Education Bibliography for Elementary, Secondary and Post-Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This is an environmental education bibliography for elementary, secondary, and post-secondary schools. Eighteen environmental categories are included. They consist of attitudes, bibliographies, careers, conservation, ecology, energy, environmental education, law and citizen action, organic farming, other resources, periodicals, pesticides,…

Howell, Jerry F., Jr.; Osborne, Jeanne S.

282

What Characterizes the Algebraic Competence of Norwegian Upper Secondary School Students? Evidence from TIMSS Advanced  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Algebra is the fundamental language of mathematics, and a profound understanding of school algebra is an important prerequisite for further studies in mathematical sciences. The aim of this study is to characterize the algebraic competence of the Norwegian upper secondary school students participating in Trends in International Mathematics and…

Pedersen, Ida Friestad

2015-01-01

283

Evaluation of the Effects of the Medium of Instruction on Science Learning of Hong Kong Secondary Students: Students' Self-Concept in Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A longitudinal study has been conducted to explore the impact of a new language policy for Hong Kong secondary schools on science learning. According to this policy, only schools that recruit the best 25% of students can teach science in English, the students' second language, while the other schools have to teach science in Chinese, the students'…

Yip, Din Yan; Tsang, Wing Kwong

2007-01-01

284

Reforming Secondary Science Instruction (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Science education reform can seem a daunting task to high school science teachers. So, you might ask, why should I be bothered? The answer is that today's students simply do not have the skill sets necessary for life in our global economy. Re

2009-06-17

285

The Australian Science and Mathematics School, Flinders University, South Australia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the design of the secondary school named in the title, including the educational context and design goals. In conjunction with the science faculty of Flinders University, the school will offer adult learning approaches and develop curriculum based on new sciences such as nano- technology. Describes the design innovations that incorporate…

PEB Exchange, 2002

2002-01-01

286

Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre Bulletin No. 55.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Instructions for the construction of the following apparatus for the secondary school science laboratory are included in this issue of the Scottish Schools Science Equipment Research Centre Bulletin: a cheap water purifier using an expendable deionizer can; a simple amplifier suitable for detecting or displaying D. C. currents of 1 microamp or…

1972

287

Design and Implementation of a Genomics Field Trip Program Aimed at Secondary School Students  

PubMed Central

With the rapid pace of advancements in biological research brought about by the application of computer science and information technology, we believe the time is right for introducing genomics and bioinformatics tools and concepts to secondary school students. Our approach has been to offer a full-day field trip in our research facility where secondary school students carry out experiments at the laboratory bench and on a laptop computer. This experience offers benefits for students, teachers, and field trip instructors. In delivering a wide variety of science outreach and education programs, we have learned that a number of factors contribute to designing a successful experience for secondary school students. First, it is important to engage students with authentic and fun activities that are linked to real-world applications and/or research questions. Second, connecting with a local high school teacher to pilot programs and linking to curricula taught in secondary schools will enrich the field trip experience. Whether or not programs are linked directly to local teachers, it is important to be flexible and build in mechanisms for collecting feedback in field trip programs. Finally, graduate students can be very powerful mentors for students and should be encouraged to share their enthusiasm for science and to talk about career paths. Our experiences suggest a real need for effective science outreach programs at the secondary school level and that genomics and bioinformatics are ideal areas to explore. PMID:22956895

Fox, Joanne A.

2012-01-01

288

Achievement Goals and School Achievement: The Transition to Different School Tracks in Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

During the transition from elementary school to secondary school, in Germany, students are assigned to different school tracks, academic or non-academic, that differ markedly in compositional and institutional characteristics, e.g., the level of cognitive activation and performance standards are higher in academic tracks than in non-academic…

Paulick, Isabell; Watermann, Rainer; Nuckles, Matthias

2013-01-01

289

Between training and popularization: Regulating science textbooks in secondary education.  

PubMed

Recruitment into the scientific community is one oft-stated goal of science education--in the post-Sputnik United States, for example--but this obscures the fact that science textbooks are often read by people who will never be scientists. It cannot be presupposed that science textbooks for younger audiences, students in primary and secondary schools, function in this way. For this reason, precollegiate-level science textbooks are sometimes discussed as a subset of literature popularizing science. The high school science classroom and the textbook are forums for exposing the public to science. The role of governments and educational institutions in regulating the consumption of these texts not only determines which books are used; it influences how they are written, read, and deemed authoritative. Therefore such science textbooks should not be seen as (at best) the disjunction of texts-for-training and books-for-popularization. A changing sense of what "textbooks" are compels a different understanding of their use in the history of science. PMID:22655341

Shapiro, Adam R

2012-03-01

290

Mathematical Modelling at Secondary School: The MACSI-Clongowes Wood College Experience  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In Ireland, to encourage the study of STEM (science, technology, engineering and mathematics) subjects and particularly mathematics, the Mathematics Applications Consortium for Science and Industry (MACSI) and Clongowes Wood College (County Kildare, Ireland) organized a mathematical modelling workshop for senior cycle secondary school students.…

Charpin, J. P. F.; O'Hara, S.; Mackey, D.

2013-01-01

291

School of Computer Science Welcome to the School of  

E-print Network

School of Computer Science Welcome to the School of Computer Science #12;School of Computer Science to meeting many of you during your time here." Head of School #12;School of Computer Science All MSc students - Registration Tuesday 23 September, Admin Office A31, Computer Science - PGT Group Meeting Wednesday 24

Qu, Rong

292

Motivation and Attribution at Secondary School: the role of gender  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 1068 secondary school pupils completed a questionnaire concerned with enjoyment of school, enjoyment of subjects and what they attributed academic success to. Gender differences were shown in the overall enjoyment of school (girls expressing greater enjoyment). Girls also reported liking friends, teachers, outings and lessons more than boys, while boys reported liking sports and school clubs more.

Pauline Lightbody; Gerda Siann; Ruth Stocks; David Walsh

1996-01-01

293

Chicago's Private Elementary and Secondary Schools: Enrollment Trends.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nearly one out of every four students enrolled in Chicago's elementary and secondary schools during the 1987-88 school year attended one of the city's 450 private schools. Although frequently overlooked by city-wide educational reform programs, the private schools contribute to the urbanization of newcomers to the city, to the stability of…

Institute of Urban Life, Chicago, IL.

294

Secondary Art: Arkansas Public School Course Content Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Designed as a framework upon which secondary school curriculum can be developed, this Arkansas state curriculum guide provides specific guidelines for middle school/junior high school art programs and for a basic high school art course. Specific student learning objectives are presented in three instructional tracks that include: (1) basic skills…

Arkansas State Dept. of Education, Little Rock.

295

Comparison of a traditional and an inclusive secondary school culture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Qualitative research methods were used to conduct case studies of two secondary schools in Australia, focusing on the provision of support for students with different learning needs. Interview data were used to report differences in collective beliefs, values and descriptions of school practice that foster two contrasting school cultures. One of these school cultures is described as more inclusive and

Suzanne Carrington; John Elkins

2002-01-01

296

Violence Prevention in United States Society of Jesus Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using data from a representative number of Society of Jesus secondary schools, the researcher reports what these schools are doing to prevent violence, and tests an explanatory model of school violence he created. The researcher proposes that this model can be used to explain and prevent school violence by identifying and addressing the…

Simonds, Thomas Andrew

2009-01-01

297

Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to region, public versus nonpublic, enrollment, or locale. More than 80% of schools were

Joseph Calvin Gagnon; Christopher L. Van Loan; Brian R. Barber

2011-01-01

298

Implementation Science and School Psychology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The APA Division 16 Working Group on Translating Science to Practice contends that implementation science is essential to the process of translating evidence-based interventions (EBIs) into the unique context of the schools, and that increasing attention to implementation will lead to the improvement of school psychological services and school

Forman, Susan G.; Shapiro, Edward S.; Codding, Robin S.; Gonzales, Jorge E.; Reddy, Linda A.; Rosenfield, Sylvia A.; Sanetti, Lisa M. H.; Stoiber, Karen C.

2013-01-01

299

Parents' involvement in school administration as a correlate of effectiveness of secondary schools in Nigeria  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the relationship between parents' involvement in school administration and effectiveness of secondary schools in Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. The population consisted of all the teachers, principals and parents of the students in public secondary schools in South-West Nigeria. The sample comprised 1200 teachers, 300 parents and 60 principals from 60 secondary

I. A. Ajayi; T. Ekundayo Haastrup; B. B. Arogundade

2009-01-01

300

School Sports Opportunities Influence Physical Activity in Secondary School and beyond  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: The purpose of the present study was to examine whether the availability of intramural or extramural sports in secondary schools is associated with physical activity levels in youth throughout secondary school and at age 20. Methods: Eight hundred and eight adolescents from 10 secondary schools in Montreal, Canada, provided physical…

Fuller, Daniel; Sabiston, Catherine; Karp, Igor; Barnett, Tracie; O'Loughlin, Jennifer

2011-01-01

301

School of Food Science and Nutrition  

E-print Network

School of Food Science and Nutrition FACULTY OF MATHEMATICS AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES Food Science: ................................................................................................................................................................ School/College Name and Address IS IT Activities will be held in the School of Food Science and Nutrition on the University of Leeds campus

Haase, Markus

302

Immigrants’ children’s transition to secondary school in Italy  

PubMed Central

Choosing a secondary school represents an important step in the lives of students in Italy, in that it has a strong bearing on their ultimate educational achievement and labor force trajectory. In this paper, we analyze the effect of generational status and length of residence on the transition to secondary school among immigrants living in Italy. Using data from the ITAGEN2 follow-up, we analyze scholastic results from the middle school final exam and the choice of secondary school among the adolescents in Italy. Children of immigrants are more likely to have inferior outcomes on the middle school exam and to enroll in vocational and polytechnic schools. Our multivariate results indicate that, after controlling for the family’s human capital and other key background factors, immigrant students show greater propensity to choose a vocational path. Differences between immigrants and natives in secondary school tracks are also manifest when previous scholastic results are taken into account. PMID:25587204

Barban, Nicola; White, Michael J

2014-01-01

303

Building Bridges between Primary and Secondary Science for Children and Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors introduce the Improving Science Together (IST) project (2000-2002), funded by the AstraZeneca Science Teaching Trust. The project was a partnership between 20 primary and 4 secondary schools in Bristol and South Gloucestershire, LEA advisory staff, BAE Systems, and the primary science team at Bath Spa University…

McMahon, Kendra; Davies, Dan

2003-01-01

304

A Preliminary Study of Teacher Codeswitching in Secondary English and Science in Malaysia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines functions of teacher code-switching in secondary school English and science classrooms in Malaysia, where English has recently been implemented as the language of instruction for science. Classroom interaction data were obtained from two English lessons and a science lesson. Analysis of the teachers' code- switching using Gumperz's (1982) semantic model show that code-switching in the two English

305

Web-Based Collaborative Inquiry to Bridge Gaps in Secondary Science Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As secondary students' interest in science is decreasing, schools are faced with the challenging task of providing adequate instruction to engage students--and more particularly the disadvantaged students--to learn science and improve their science inquiry skills. In this respect, the integration of Web-based collaborative inquiry can be seen…

Raes, Annelies; Schellens, Tammy; De Wever, Bram

2014-01-01

306

Qualities of effective secondary science teachers: Perspectives of university biology students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This research was an attempt to hear the student voice concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and to share that voice with those who impact the educational process. It was a snapshot of university freshmen biology students' opinions of the qualities of effective secondary science teachers based on their high school science experiences. The purpose of this study was to compile a list of effective secondary science teacher qualities as determined through a purposeful sampling of university second semester biology students and determine the role of the secondary science teacher in promoting interest and achievement in science, as well as the teacher's influence on a students' choice of a science career. The research was a mixed methods design using both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through the use of a 24 question electronic survey. There were 125 participants who provided information concerning their high school science teachers. Respondents provided information concerning the qualities of effective secondary science teachers and influences on the students' present career choice. The quantitative data was used to construct a hierarchy of qualities of effective secondary science teachers, divided into personal, professional, and classroom management qualities. The qualitative data was used to examine individual student responses to questions concerning secondary science teacher effectiveness and student career choice. The results of the research indicated that students highly value teachers who are both passionate about the subject taught and passionate about their students. High school science students prefer teachers who teach science in a way that is both interesting and relevant to the student. It was determined that the greatest influence on a secondary student's career choice came from family members and not from teachers. The secondary teacher's role was to recognize the student's interest in the career and provide encouragement, motivation, and success in support of the chosen career.

McCall, Madelon J.

307

A Systematic Appraoch at the Departmental Level to the Provision of Outreach Programs Aimed Towards Local Elementary and Secondary School Students and Teachers  

Microsoft Academic Search

The School of Geography and Geology (SGG) at McMaster University has developed a set of opportunities to provide linkages between University geoscientists and local elementary and secondary school students and their teachers. These opportunities include an open invitation to all local secondary schools (> 200 schools) to bring their senior classes to attend an introductory environmental science lecture, and university

V. Susan; D. Maynard; C. H. Eyles

2002-01-01

308

Smith college secondary math and science outreach program  

SciTech Connect

The Smith College Secondary Math and Science Outreach Program works collaboratively with front-line educators to encourage young women students of all abilities, especially underrepresented and underserved minorities, to continue studying math and science throughout high school. The program includes three main components: (1) Twenty-five to thirty teams of math/science teachers and guidance counselors participate in a year-long program which begins with a three-day Current Students/Future Scientists and Engineering Workshop. This event includes a keynote address, presentations and workshops by successful women in science and engineering, and hands-on laboratory sessions. Each participant receives a stipend and free room and board. Returning to their schools, the teacher-counselor teams implement ongoing plans designed to counteract gender bias in the sciences and to alert female students to the broad range of math, science, and engineering career choices open to them. A follow-up session in the spring allows the teams to present and discuss their year-long activities. (2) TRI-ON, a day of science for 120 ninth- and tenth- grade girls from schools with a large underserved and underrepresented population, is held in early spring. Girls discover the excitement of laboratory investigation and interact with female college science and math majors. (3) Teaching Internships, initiated in 1991, involve ten to fifteen Smith College math and science majors in teaching in public schools. The teaching interns experience the rewards and challenges of classroom teaching, and they also serve as role models for younger students.

Powell, J.A.; Clark, C. [Smith College, Northhampton, MA (United States)

1994-12-31

309

Equity and what secondary science teachers bring to the classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The demographics of people working in science-based careers do not match the demographics of the larger society. In particular, people who self-identify as Hispanic are underrepresented among working scientists. One reason may be the influence of formal schooling and more specifically, the behaviors of teachers in secondary science classrooms. This study looks at the practices of eight secondary science teachers at two schools at which 62% of the enrolled students declare their ethnicity as Hispanic. All of the teachers have at least three years of experience. Through interviews with the teachers, classroom observation, and interviews with other faculty, this research elucidates typical behaviors and attitudes surrounding teaching science in these settings. In spite of having a deficit view of their students, they all express interest in and concern about the students they teach. Their characterizations of teaching practices and classroom behaviors do not incorporate strategies designed to promote content learning through culturally relevant curriculum. Instead, they use mainstream-situated approaches that develop science content knowledge, vocabulary, procedures, and skills targeted toward high achievement on state and district standardized tests leading toward graduation or success in college. These approaches are consistent with a view of equity that increases the participation of underrepresented groups in science based careers in that it gives students the skills and knowledge they will need in order to successfully pursue these careers. Additionally, they behave in ways that are consistent with equitable strategies such as using inquiry based teaching, serving as role models, and providing a structured learning environment. This research informs the literature base for instructional systems designers by identifying what that teachers situated in culturally diverse classrooms bring to professional development programs targeted toward making secondary science teaching more equitable.

Austin, Barbara Anne

310

Meteorology and Climate Inspire Secondary Science Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

As part of its National Science and Engineering Week activities in 2009 and 2010, the University of Reading organised two open days for 60 local key stage 4 pupils. The theme of both open days was "How do we predict weather and climate?" Making use of the students' familiarity with weather and climate, several concepts of relevance to secondary

Charlton-Perez, Andrew; Dacre, Helen; Maskell, Kathy; Reynolds, Ross; South, Rachel; Wood, Curtis

2010-01-01

311

Questioning Profiles in Secondary Science Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we are concerned with the role of both teachers and students' questioning in classroom interaction. Bearing in mind that the current guidelines point out to student centred teaching, our aim is to analyse and characterise the questioning patterns of contemporary secondary science classes and compare them to the questioning profiles…

Almeida, Patricia; de Souza, Francisle Neri

2010-01-01

312

Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting (e-book)  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

It can be a tough thing to admit: Despite hearing so much about the importance of inquiry-based science education, you may not be exactly sure what it is--not to mention how to do it. But now this engaging new book takes the intimidation out of inquiry. Science as Inquiry in the Secondary Setting gives you an overview of what inquiry can be like in middle and high school and explores how to incorporate more inquiry-centered practices into your own teaching. In 11 concise chapters, leading researchers raise and resolve such key questions as: ? What is inquiry? ? What does inquiry look like in specific classes, such as the Earth science lab or the chemistry lab? ? What are the basic features of inquiry instruction? ? How do you assess science as inquiry? Science as Inquiry was created to fill a vacuum. No other book serves as such a compact, easy-to-understand orientation to inquiry. It's ideal for guiding discussion, fostering reflection, and helping you enhance your own classroom practices. As chapter author Mark Windschitl writes, "The aim of doing more authentic science in schools is not to mimic scientists, but to develop the depth of content knowledge, the habits of mind, and the critical reasoning skills that are so crucial to basic science literacy." This volume guides you to find new ways of helping students further along the path to science literacy.

2007-12-01

313

Level of Depression in Intellectually Gifted Secondary School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the present research was to investigate the difference in depression between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children. After a detailed review of literature the following hypothesis was formulated; there would be a significant difference between intellectually gifted and non-gifted secondary school children on…

Shahzad, Salman; Begume, Nasreen

2010-01-01

314

Attitude toward Democracy in Pakistan: Secondary School Teachers' Perceptions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed at exploring the public sector secondary school teachers' perceptions for development of democratic values and strategies to improve the democratic system and attitudes toward democracy. Sixty secondary school teachers were selected as a sample. The qualitative data in the form of interview responses were collected to explore…

Sarwar, Muhammad; Yousuf, Muhammad Imran; Hussain, Shafqat

2010-01-01

315

Sanctions Connected to Dress Code Violations in Secondary School Handbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study identifies and evaluates sanctions for dress code violations in secondary school handbooks. Sanctions, or consequences for breaking rules, vary along seven interrelated dimensions: source, formality, retribution, obtrusiveness, magnitude, severity, and pervasiveness. A content analysis of handbooks from 155 public secondary schools

Workman, Jane E.; Freeburg, Elizabeth W.; Lentz-Hees, Elizabeth S.

2004-01-01

316

Promoting occupational health in secondary schools through virtual patients  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents with asthma or allergies do not consider their disease when making their career choice. Therefore the aim of this project was to sensitize secondary school students for occupational diseases before they start working.Four virtual patients for secondary school students were created. They present their experiences as apprentices. Occupational diseases as well as prevention methods are discussed. Evaluation and longterm

Laura Wengenroth; Inga Hege; Katja Förderreuther; Elena Riu; Heinz Mandl; Peter Kujath; Katja Radon

2010-01-01

317

Personality Type and Academic Achievement of Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Personality is the man. The successful living of an individual, as a man, depends to a large extent on the academic achievement of that individual, as a student. This article attempts to find out personality type, academic achievement of secondary school students and relationship between them by selecting a sample of 300 secondary school students…

Lawrence, Arul A. S.; Lawrence, John A.

2014-01-01

318

Te Piringa -Faculty of Law Secondary Schools Mooting Competition Scholarship  

E-print Network

Te Piringa - Faculty of Law Secondary Schools Mooting Competition Scholarship R E G U L A T I O N shall be known as the Te Piringa - Faculty of Law Secondary Schools Mooting Competition Scholarship. 2 at The University of Waikato Faculty of Law in the year of tenure. 3. Candidates for the Scholarship may have either

Waikato, University of

319

Identifying the Comparative Academic Performance of Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: One of the features of the New Zealand secondary schools system is that achievement closely reflects the taught curriculum. The National Certificate of Educational Achievement (NCEA) directly assesses student achievement on the secondary school curriculum through a combination of criterion-based internal and external assessments. The…

Bendikson, Linda; Hattie, John; Robinson, Viviane

2011-01-01

320

Leadership Style of Principals and Organisational Process in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the relationship between principal leadership style and organizational process in secondary schools and identifies effective leadership styles, based on a survey involving 64 secondary schools and 672 teachers in Hong Kong. Results indicate a strong relationship of leadership to organizational process. (37 references) (MLH)

Cheng, Yin Cheong

1991-01-01

321

Design Education and the Teaching of Woodwork in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In an attempt to review and, if necessary, update the curriculum, a study investigated the prevalence of problem-solving and design approaches in the teaching of woodworking courses in secondary schools in Zimbabwe. Woodworking classes in forms one and three were studied in an urban secondary school where woodworking is taught up to form four and…

Nherera, Charles M.

322

The PASS Program: Preparation for American Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A program to prepare refugee adolescents for secondary school experiences in the United States is described. The program, conducted in overseas refugee camps, began in 1985 as a complement to adult transitional programs. The daily program is designed to simulate the schedule and classroom procedures of a typical U.S. secondary school. Classes…

Pfleger, Margo

323

Applying a Knowledge Management Taxonomy to Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to examine the relevance of a corporate-based taxonomy of knowledge management to secondary schooling. Do the principles of knowledge management from the corporate world translate to the world of education; specifically, secondary schooling? This article examines categories of knowledge management articulated in…

Thambi, Melinda; O'Toole, Paddy

2012-01-01

324

Rank Last Name First Name School 1 HU ALBERT NORTHERN SECONDARY SCHOOL,TORONTO,ON  

E-print Network

Rank Last Name First Name School 1 HU ALBERT NORTHERN SECONDARY SCHOOL,TORONTO,ON 2 WANG JIXUAN DON SHAWN BURNABY NORTH SECONDARY SCHOOL,BURNABY,BC 5 ZHAO WENYI ONTARIO INTERNATIONAL COLLEGE,TORONTO,ON 6 RICHARD UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO SCHOOLS,TORONTO,ON 13 LI HEQUN GEORGE S HENRY ACADEMY,NORTH YORK,ON 14 YU

Le Roy, Robert J.

325

Relationship among School Size, School Culture and Students' Achievement at Secondary Level in Pakistan  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: This paper seeks to determine the relationship among school size, school culture and students' achievement at secondary level in Pakistan. Design/methodology/approach: The study was descriptive (survey type). It was conducted on a sample of 90 secondary school head teachers and 540 primary, elementary and high school teachers working in…

Ahmad Salfi, Naseer; Saeed, Muhammad

2007-01-01

326

Grade inflation and school competition: an empirical analysis based on the Swedish upper secondary schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the connection between grade inflation and school competition by studying graduates from the Swedish upper secondary schools in 1997. The final grades are compared to the SweSAT national test scores. Single school municipalities are compared with multiple school municipalities in order to study if potential intra-municipal school competition leads to grade inflation. We also compare independent schools

Christina Wikström; Magnus Wikström

2005-01-01

327

Science/Technology/Society: Model Lessons for Secondary Science Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume contains 35 lessons designed to be used in secondary science classes to introduce the science/technology/society (STS) themes and issues. While the first 11 lessons focus on general STS themes, the other 24 lessons cover specific STS issues that fall under such categories as population growth, water resources, world hunger, food…

Pearson, Janice V., Ed.

328

Recent trends in secondary science education in New Jersey  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This article compares the results of two surveys sent to New Jersey science supervisors in 1978 and 1982 regarding the status of secondary science education in their schools. It discusses trends that have developed during the four-year period and compares them to national trends revealed in recent studies. The comparison shows that New Jersey faces many of the same problems in science education found across the country. Instruction time in science, double laboratory periods, and the use of national curriculum studies have all declined. Respondents also reported a marked increase in the number of science teachers leaving the classroom for jobs in business and industry. The recruiting of qualified teachers was a difficult task and over 9% of the public schools reported having to use teachers with emergency certification in science to meet their staffing requirements. Difficulties in using staff effectively, in obtaining adequate financial support, and in providing professional development programs were the major concerns of science supervisors.Received: 12 April 1983

Sousa, David

329

SCHOOL OF THE BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES School of the Biological Sciences  

E-print Network

of Education Lauterpacht Research Centre for International Law Gender Studies Criminology Politics,Psychology,Sociology and International Studies School Finance Manager - Bev Housden; Finance Adviser - Paula Frattaroli History Materials Science & Metallurgy Centre of African Studies Development Studies SCHOOL OF THE PHYSICAL SCIENCES

de Gispert, Adrià

330

Bodily experiences in secondary school biology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This is a study of teaching about the human body. It is based on transcribed material from interviews with 15-year-old students and teachers about their experiences of sex education and from recordings of classroom interactions during a dissection. The analysis is focused on the relationship between what students are supposed to learn about the biological body and their expressed experiences and meaning making of bodies in the schoolwork. The results indicate that the negotiations associated with the encounters between the bodies of the classroom (student, teacher, and animal bodies) are important for what directions meaning making takes and what students are afforded to learn about bodies, biologically as well as in terms of values. We suggest that these negotiations should be taken into account at schools, be regarded as an important part of the learning processes in science education and in that way open up for new possibilities for students' meaning making.

Orlander, Auli Arvola; Wickman, Per-Olof

2011-09-01

331

Secondary Science and Mathematics Teacher Preparation Program  

E-print Network

, students teach lessons in elementary classrooms to obtain firsthand experience in planning and implementation. In STEP 2, students continue developing the lesson planning skills learned in STEP 1 math or science degree! The UTeach degree plans are rigorous enough for graduate or medical school

Huang, Haiying

332

Exploring the Influencing Factors in Students' Acquisition of Manipulative Skills during Transition from Primary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the contributing factors that influence students' acquisition of manipulative skills. Incompetence in manipulative skills in science at a primary level may impede science learning at secondary school. Thus, to confront these issues, an in-depth study was conducted. The research involved 10 primary school students who were…

Fadzil, Hidayah Mohd; Saat, Rohaida Mohd

2014-01-01

333

Architectural Competition for a Secondary School in Switzerland  

Microsoft Academic Search

The provision of new schools in established urban areas poses specific design challenges that are not common to schools on green field sites: Proposals to build a new secondary school close to the busy commercial centre of the city of Geneva posed just such a challenge and to meet it the authorities organised a two stage architectural competition.

Eric Biéler; Michael Hacker

1998-01-01

334

A Secondary School Cooperative: Recovery at Solace Academy, Chaska, Minnesota  

Microsoft Academic Search

The recovery school movement exploded across the nation in the late nineties and early part of the twenty-first century. Secondary and postsecondary recovery schools have become a vital part of the chemical dependency continuum of care and our nation's educational system. Solace Academy is a restorative practices high school designed for recovering chemically dependent students. Through the collaboration of professionals

Monique Bourgeois

2008-01-01

335

Administrator Perceptions of Transition Programs in International Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the extent to which transition programs are offered to students at international secondary schools. Components of professional development, orientation and departure programs, and transition support teams were examined. Participants included school administrators at 11 international schools across five continents. Findings…

Bates, Jessica

2013-01-01

336

Spatial Thinking Ability Assessment in Rwandan Secondary Schools: Baseline Results  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses use and modification of Lee and Bednarz's (2012) Spatial Thinking Ability Test (STAT) as a spatial thinking assessment device in Rwandan secondary schools. After piloting and modifying the STAT, 222 students total from our rural and urban test schools and one control school were tested. Statistical analysis revealed…

Tomaszewski, Brian; Vodacek, Anthony; Parody, Robert; Holt, Nicholas

2015-01-01

337

Secondary Psychiatric Schools: Characteristics and Approaches to Curriculum  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study focused on approaches to curriculum, as well as school, principal, and student characteristics in secondary day treatment and residential psychiatric schools. A national random sample of 148 principals responded to a survey. No statistically significant differences existed between respondent and nonrespondent schools with regard to…

Gagnon, Joseph Calvin; Van Loan, Christopher L.; Barber, Brian R.

2011-01-01

338

Architectural Competition for a Secondary School in Switzerland.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the planning and development process for building a new secondary school close to a busy commercial center in Geneva, Switzerland. The use of a two-stage architectural competition to help meet the proposal's challenges is described. Geneva's need for a new school, traditional school designs, and educational trends are also discussed. (GR)

Bieler, Eric; Hacker, Michael

1998-01-01

339

02 College of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School o  

E-print Network

of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of InformaticsCollege of Information Science, School of Informatics

Tanaka, Jiro

340

Secondary Trauma in Children and School Personnel  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A review of childhood secondary trauma is presented. Secondary trauma involves the transfer and acquisition of negative affective and dysfunctional cognitive states due to prolonged and extended contact with others, such as family members, who have been traumatized. As such, secondary trauma refers to a spread of trauma reactions from the victim…

Motta, Robert W.

2012-01-01

341

The Availability and Utilization of School Library Resources in Some Selected Secondary Schools (High School) in Rivers State  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the availability and utilization of school library resources by Secondary School (High School) Students. Eight Selected Secondary Schools in Rivers State, Nigeria were chosen based on their performance in external examinations and geographic locations. In carrying out the research, questionnaires were administered to both…

Owate, C. N.; Iroha, Okpa

2013-01-01

342

The Relationship between the Emotional Intelligence of Secondary Public School Principals and School Performance  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study examined the relationship between secondary public school principals' emotional intelligence and school performance. The correlational study employed an explanatory sequential mixed methods model. The non-probability sample consisted of 105 secondary public school principals in Texas. The emotional intelligence characteristics of…

Ashworth, Stephanie R.

2013-01-01

343

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 2001-02.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report summarizes information about public elementary and secondary schools and local education agencies in the United States during the 2001-2002 school year. The information is provided by state education agencies through the Common Core of Data survey system. States reported 94,112 public elementary and secondary schools in the 2001-2002…

McGraw Hoffman, Lee

344

Strategies for Preventing Behavioral Incidents in the Nation's Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses strategies that can be used to prevent the five most common behavioral problems in secondary schools: (1) failure to complete assigned work, (2) tardiness, (3) inattentiveness, (4) littering, and (5) failure to bring materials to class. (FL)

Purvis, Johnny; Leonard, Rex

1985-01-01

345

Gender representations in English literature texts in Tanzanian secondary schools  

E-print Network

The study explores gender representations in English literature texts used in Tanzanian secondary schools. The aim of this research is to raise awareness of, and contribute to, the general discussion regarding gender ...

Gwajima, Elizabeth Kilines Sekwiha

2011-11-24

346

Structural Reform in Secondary School Education--Tendencies and Strategies.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes structural changes in China which have given secondary education a double task: to provide general education beyond elementary school, and to train mid-level professional personnel and technically skilled workers. (IAH)

Zhenye, Gao; Mingan, Xiong

1988-01-01

347

School Science: A Questionable Construct?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

I explore the emergence of science and scientific method as political constructs in the 19th century and argue that the associated rhetoric continues to have significant consequences for contemporary school science education. It allows science to be promoted as a coherent curriculum component and fosters an untenable but enduring notion of a…

Jenkins, Edgar

2007-01-01

348

Knowledge of secondary school pupils regarding sexual health education  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health.Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two?phase intervention study.Setting: Nineteen mixed?sex, state secondary schools in central England.Participants: Year 8 pupils (350 male, 345 female), year

Jo Westwood; Barbara Mullan

2006-01-01

349

Gender Differences in the Role of Emotional Intelligence during the Primary-Secondary School Transition  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The relationship between components of emotional intelligence (EI) (interpersonal ability, intrapersonal ability, adaptability and stress management) and academic performance in English, maths and science was examined in a sample of 86 children (49 males and 37 females) aged 11-12 years during the primary-secondary school transition period.…

Jordan, Julie-Ann; McRorie, Margaret; Ewing, Cathy

2010-01-01

350

Exploring the Use of Web-Based Learning Tools in Secondary School Classrooms  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored the impact of Web-Based Learning Tools (WBLTs), also known as learning objects, in secondary school mathematics and science classrooms. Surveys, open-ended questions, and student performance data were collected from a sample of 8 teachers and 333 students. Teachers rated the learning benefits, quality, and engagement value of…

Kay, Robin

2014-01-01

351

An Empirical Analysis of Teacher Spillover Effects in Secondary School. Working Paper 2008-25  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines whether educational production in secondary school involves joint production among teachers across subjects. In doing so, it also provides insights into the reliability of value-added modeling. Teacher value-added to reading test scores is estimated for four different teacher types: English, math, science, and social studies.…

Koedel, Cory

2009-01-01

352

Teaching Acoustic Properties of Materials in Secondary School: Testing Sound Insulators  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teaching the acoustic properties of materials is a good way to teach physics concepts, extending them into the technological arena related to materials science. This article describes an innovative approach for teaching sound and acoustics in combination with sound insulating materials in secondary school (15-16-year-old students). Concerning the…

Hernandez, M. I.; Couso, D.; Pinto, R.

2011-01-01

353

Job Satisfaction Levels of Secondary School Physics, Chemistry and Biology Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study is to determine the job satisfaction levels of the teachers participating in the study and to investigate whether their job satisfaction levels differ with respect to certain variables. The participants of the study were 297 science teachers (physics: 104, chemistry: 105, biology: 87 and 1 N/A) from secondary schools in…

Maskan, A. Kadir

2014-01-01

354

Drama at the Heart of the Secondary School: Projects to Promote Authentic Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Drama at the Heart of the Secondary School" provides a rationale for the curricular centrality of drama together with rich and detailed examples of cross-phase thematic projects which are drama-led, but which promote learning across a wide range of curriculum areas, from the humanities and other arts, to English and literacy, science and PSHE.…

Rainer, John; Lewis, Martin

2012-01-01

355

A Teaching-Learning Method Enhancing Problem Solving and Motivation in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a teaching-learning method for enhancing problem solving and motivation for studying science in secondary schools. Emerges from a former survey which, found that the motivation of 14-18-year-olds as measured by the Kozekik-Entwistle test was at a rather low level. (Contains 16 references.) (Author/YDS)

Markoczi-Revak, Ibolya

2003-01-01

356

Practical Work: Its Effectiveness in Primary and Secondary Schools in England  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We report here on the first of two evaluations of a national project (Getting Practical: Improving Practical Work in Science--IPWiS) designed to improve the effectiveness of practical work in both primary and secondary schools in England. This first baseline evaluation of the effectiveness of practical work is based on a study of a diverse range…

Abrahams, Ian; Reiss, Michael J.

2012-01-01

357

Behavior Problems in Secondary Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reviews the problems of antisocial student behavior in schools, tries to identify causes, and examines programs and procedures for remediating and preventing such behavior. This review focuses particularly on senior and junior high schools and all forms of antisocial, aggressive, disruptive behaviors that interfere with school

Feldhusen, John F.

358

A Boy's Secondary School Changes to Coeducation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, factors that influence academic achievement and self-concept of Year 12 students in their final year of schooling at a Catholic co-educational school in Adelaide, Australia were investigated. The study hypothesised there were differences in attitudes and academic performance due to prior schooling experiences, sex, home experiences,…

Ryan, Erica Clare

2004-01-01

359

Towards Sustainability at a Secondary Comprehensive School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article explores the development of sustainability at Ringwood School in Hampshire between 2005 and 2010 using two different routes. The author, herself a scientist and sustainability coordinator at the school, shows how the school has explored a range of initiatives, starting with those most straightforward for a biologist and culminating in…

Hickman, Gill

2010-01-01

360

The Educational Challenge of Academic Freedom in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues and responsibilities related to academic freedom in secondary schools are addressed, indicating that the issues are as diverse as the institutions and individuals involved. Legislation limiting academic freedom, parental control, comparisons between academic freedom in secondary and higher education, as well as specific cases are among the…

Hart, Ann Weaver

1983-01-01

361

Bridging the Gap in Biochemistry between Secondary School and University  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manuscript describes a new strategy for introducing secondary school students to biochemistry. To bridge the gap between secondary education and the university, the Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of the University of Barcelona, in collaboration with the SEBBM (The Spanish Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology),…

Fernandez-Novell, Josep M.; Gomis, Roger R.; Cid, Emili; Barbera, Albert; Guinovart, Joan J.

2002-01-01

362

Integration of Informal Music Technologies in Secondary School Music Lessons  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Technologies such as YouTube, mobile phones and MP3 players are increasingly integrated into secondary school music in the UK. At the same time, the gap between formal and informal music learning is being bridged by the incorporation of students' preferred music into class activities. We conducted an ethnographic study in two secondary

Stowell, Dan; Dixon, Simon

2014-01-01

363

Secondary School Counselors as Counselors: Emerging from the Paper Shuffle.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper addresses the discrepancies between expectations and the reality of the counselor's role in secondary schools and the problems of counselors who find themselves spending too much time in clerical work and not enough time in counseling students. The design and implementation of an effective secondary counseling program at Chapel Hill…

House, Gerry; Brown, Sandra

364

Single-Sex versus Secondary Schooling: A Systematic Review  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Single-sex education refers most generally to education at the elementary, secondary, or postsecondary level in which males or females attend school exclusively with members of their own sex. This report deals primarily with single-sex education at the elementary and secondary levels. Research in the United States on the question of whether public…

Mael, Fred; Alonso, Alex; Gibson, Doug; Rogers, Kelly; Smith, Mark

2005-01-01

365

Knowledge of Secondary School Pupils regarding Sexual Health Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To assess the sexual health knowledge of secondary school pupils in order to ascertain whether the current government public health and education policies are having any impact on pupils' sexual health. Design: Results obtained from a questionnaire as part of a two-phase intervention study. Setting: Nineteen mixed-sex, state secondary

Westwood, Jo; Mullan, Barbara

2006-01-01

366

Challenging traditional assumptions of secondary science through the PET curriculum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study seeks to illustrate aspects of a physics classroom experience in an underserved high school through the perspective of the students. This context was chosen with the intent of determining factors that lead to successful secondary physics education outcomes for populations historically underrepresented in STEM. Two class periods of physics were observed and interviewed in an urban high school while using the Physics and Everyday Thinking (PET) curriculum. Findings indicate that students came to value and positively identify with the activities of physics through instruction that fosters a more dignified student experience than traditional approaches. Specifically, this experience was characterized by the valuing of students' naïve and developing understandings and shifting the authority for validating science knowledge from the instructor to laboratory evidence and social consensus.

Ross, Mike; Otero, Valerie

2013-01-01

367

School Related Alienation: Perceptions of Secondary School Students.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Responses to questionnaires administered to 10,000 senior high school students to ascertain their feelings of alienation as related to their schools are presented. The questionnaire items concerned: School as an Institution, The School as Teacher, Authority--Autonomy, and Parental Interest in School. The findings that resulted from the…

Kunkel, Richard C.; And Others

368

Influences of block scheduling on secondary science teaching practices  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Increasing the length of class periods has become one of the most frequently implemented recommendations from the secondary school restructuring movement. Many schools have changed to a block schedule in which the students have four 90--100 minute periods each day. The needs of science classes, such as time to set up and perform lab experiments, suggest the block schedule may be particularly appropriate for science. A case study design was used to explore the instructional and attitudinal changes that accompany the restructuring of the daily schedule. Classroom observations were conducted before and after the implementation of block scheduling to document the student-teacher interactions and the instructional strategies used by the science teachers. Teacher and student surveys were administered to obtain information about attitudes towards the block schedule as well as self-reported instructional strategies. Interviews were conducted to elicit beliefs about good teaching practices. Changes in instructional strategies and learning climate were considered within the context of teacher beliefs, state standards, and the organizational change to the school schedule. The results support other studies that have found positive attitudes toward block scheduling. Teachers in this study changed their instructional strategies, although not necessarily in line with the theorized changes. In several instances, the changes were closely aligned with the teachers' beliefs about good science instruction. Test scores and grades were not strongly influenced. Teachers met more of the state science standards and spent more time interacting with small groups during the block schedule. The results suggest teachers' beliefs about good teaching practice play an important role in the influences of restructuring efforts. The block schedule, preferred by teachers, provides an opportunity for improvement in science instruction and learning climate. How this popular form of restructuring manifests itself at the classroom level is largely a function of the individual teacher. Practical implications can be used to guide teachers and administrators in making scheduling decisions. Theoretical implications based on increased knowledge of teacher change emerge from the results. This study adds to the literature on the relationships among teacher beliefs, practices, and the process of organizational change in secondary school restructuring efforts.

Ross, Donna Louise

369

Course Outlines for Secondary School Offerings. Revised Edition.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

"Secondary School Offerings" provides a brief annotated outline of the general education courses offered in two middle units and one senior unit in the Cherry Creek Schools during 1971-72. The purpose of this summary is to supply a guide for new staff members, interested students, and parents. An overall instructional goal is to individualize…

Cherry Creek School District 5, Englewood, CO.

370

How Pervasive Are Relative Age Effects in Secondary School Education?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Relative age effects (RAEs; R. H. Barnsley, A. H. Thompson, & P. E. Barnsley, 1985) convey school attainment (dis)advantages depending on whether one is relatively older or younger within annually age-grouped cohorts. In the present study, the authors examined the pervasiveness of RAEs by examining (a) attainment in 4 secondary school subjects,…

Cobley, Stephen; McKenna, Jim; Baker, Joeseph; Wattie, Nick

2009-01-01

371

How Pervasive Are Relative Age Effects in Secondary School Education?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Relative age effects (RAEs; R. H. Barnsley, A. H. Thompson, & P. E. Barnsley, 1985) convey school attainment (dis)advantages depending on whether one is relatively older or younger within annually age-grouped cohorts. In the present study, the authors examined the pervasiveness of RAEs by examining (a) attainment in 4 secondary school subjects, (b) attainment consistency across subjects, (c) pupils enrolled

Stephen Cobley; Jim McKenna; Joeseph Baker; Nick Wattie

2009-01-01

372

Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook is the basic accounting document for Wisconsin's public school systems; it presents the means to achieve uniformity in reporting on the efficacy of the Wisconsin Elementary and Secondary School Accounting System (WESSAS). Its purpose is to provide financial information that will promote reporting, auditing, interdistrict comparison,…

Nelson, C. Richard

373

Computer Education in Bahrain's Secondary Schools (a Pilot Project).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discussion of implementation plans for the introduction of microcomputers into secondary schools in Bahrain highlights the establishment of training programs for teachers, selection of appropriate hardware, and development of an Arabic Standard for software design. A brief overview of the structure of Bahrain's school system is given. (Author/LRW)

Chaudhry, Farouk I.; Fakhro, Samir Q.

1986-01-01

374

Managing to Learn: Instructional Leadership in South African Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports on an empirical study of the management of curriculum and instruction in South African secondary schools. Drawing on data collected from 200 schools in 2007, a series of regression analyses tested the relationship between various dimensions of leadership and student achievement gains over time. Whilst the research confirms…

Hoadley, Ursula; Christie, Pam; Ward, Catherine L.

2009-01-01

375

Polish Post-Secondary Vocational Schools and Canadian Community Colleges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this dissertation was to compare Canadian community colleges with post-secondary vocational schools in Poland. The comparison concentrated upon programs in nursing, tourism and information technology delivered by the following three Polish schools Krakowska Szkola Medyczna, (Cracow, Poland), Policealne Studium Zawodowe, (Cracow,…

Butler, Norman L.

2005-01-01

376

The Teaching of English in Colombian Public Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study describes and analyzes the state of English teaching in Colombian public secondary schools in 1971. Examined are the present status of the Colombian school system, the English curriculum, the attitudes of English students, and the organizations which contribute to the study of English in Colombia. The methods used to teach the language…

Stansfield, Charles W.

377

Guidance Program Assessment. Secondary School. Comprehensive Career Guidance Projects.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This manual explains how to administer the instrument, Guidance Program Assessment--Secondary School, and suggests ways to interpret the data obtained. The assessment instrument is comprised of five sections that are directed toward areas of importance in implementing a guidance program: school helping processes, teacher feedback inventory,…

Miller, Yvonne Cecil; And Others

378

Treating Chemical Equilibrium Mathematically in Secondary Schools: A Preliminary Investigation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This report presents the procedures, results, and conclusions of a study to determine the characteristics of secondary school chemistry students who were successful in grasping a mathematical approach to learning chemical equilibrium. Subjects were eighty-nine students enrolled in chemistry at a rural-suburban high school; each student had…

Case, James B.

379

Principals' Engagement of Low Ability Students in Singapore Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article describes a grounded theory constructed from a study of Singapore neighbourhood secondary school principals' engagement of their lowest stream, the Normal Technical students, in their schools. This substantive theory is labelled the "theory of selective engagement". It implies that how principals engage their lowest streamed students…

Ong, Chye Hin; Dimmock, Clive

2013-01-01

380

Building Bridges: Transitions from Elementary to Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Most young people leave elementary school and move into some form of secondary school during early adolescence. At precisely the time that young people are navigating multiple developmental challenges (social, intellectual, academic, physical), they are expected to move between these intuitions of public education. The transition is commonly…

Tilleczek, Kate

2008-01-01

381

Metaphors Developed by Secondary School Students towards "Earthquake" Concept  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research was conducted to reveal the metaphors of Secondary school students about "earthquake" concept. About 105 students in two schools in Karabuk city centre participated in the research within 2009-2010 academic year. The research Data were obtained by students' completing the statement "Earthquake is like..., because...". Content…

Kaya, Huseyin

2010-01-01

382

Improving the Utilisation of Management Information Systems in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although most secondary schools do use management information systems (MISs), these systems tend not to be used to support higher order managerial activities but are currently primarily used for clerical purposes. This situation is unsatisfactory as MISs fully utilised could offer invaluable support to schools, which are increasingly being granted…

Bosker, R. J.; Branderhorst, E. M.; Visscher, A. J.

2007-01-01

383

Perceptions of Adult to Student Bullying in Secondary School Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the volumes of research on peer-to-peer bullying little research has been done regarding teacher to student bullying. Educational professionals recognize that bullying and intimidation have a negative effect on school climate. The purpose of the study was to explore the prevalence of teacher to student bullying in secondary schools from…

Boyle, Ricki M.

2012-01-01

384

How Large are Secondary School Effects in Northern Ireland?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is concerned with estimates of secondary school effect size in Northern Ireland. Utilising data from a random sample of the region's schools, four indices of pupil achievement variation in public examinations are employed. These outcome measures are (i) overall examination achievement ? a composite weighted measure ?together with achievement in General Certificate of Education examinations in (ii) English,

Peter Daly

1991-01-01

385

The Managerial Behavior of Secondary School Heads in Punjab (Pakistan)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of the study was to explore the perception of secondary school heads and their managerial roles. The sample of the study consisted of 56 school heads including 34 males and 22 females. A five-point scale was designed by the researchers for data collection. One of the researchers personally collected and recorded the information from…

Naeemullah, Khan; Muhammad, Inamullah Hafiz; Muhammad, Sarwar; Uddin, Muhammad Naseer; Shafqat, Hussain

2010-01-01

386

Momentum and Kinetic Energy: Confusable Concepts in Secondary School Physics  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Researchers and practitioners alike express concerns about the conceptual difficulties associated with the concepts of momentum and kinetic energy currently taught in school physics. This article presents an in-depth analysis of the treatment given to them in 44 published textbooks written for UK secondary school certificate courses. This is set…

Bryce, T. G. K.; MacMillan, K.

2009-01-01

387

Language genre transitions in a secondary school physics classroom  

Microsoft Academic Search

The research reported in this paper addressed the nature of transitions between language genres in school physics. In this qualitative study, quasi-ethnographic methods were employed to understand the culture of one secondary school physics classroom in the USA. One teacher and his physics students were the participants. The teacher was interviewed and class sessions were observed over the course of

M. W. Bower; N. F. Ellerton

2007-01-01

388

Elementary and Secondary Schools Under the Fair Labor Standards Act.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This pamphlet provides general information and guidelines concerning the application of the federal Fair Labor Standards Act to employees of elementary and secondary schools, as of January 1974. Separate short sections of the pamphlet examine various provisions of the act, emphasizing their impact on employer-employee relations in the schools.…

Employment Standards Administration (DOL), Washington, DC. Wage and Hour Div.

389

Gendered Harassment in Secondary Schools: Understanding Teachers' (Non) Interventions  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article provides an analysis of teachers' perceptions of and responses to gendered harassment in Canadian secondary schools based on in-depth interviews with six teachers in one urban school district. Gendered harassment includes any behaviour that polices and reinforces traditional heterosexual gender norms such as (hetero)sexual harassment,…

Meyer, Elizabeth J.

2008-01-01

390

The Impact of Secondary School Occupational Education in Massachusetts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The six-year study examined the impact of various secondary school occupational education programs upon the lifestyle of Massachusetts students, classes of 1969 and 1973. Focusing upon school-labor market relations, the report aims to provide a base for improving policies to prepare and guide students into successful careers. Four substantive…

Conroy, William G., Jr.; Diamond, Daniel E.

391

A confluence of traditions: Examining teacher practice in the merging of secondary science and environmental education  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Embedding environmental education within secondary science curriculum presents both philosophical and practical difficulties for teachers. This ethnographic/narrative study, with its methodology grounded in eco-feminism and realism/constructivism, examines the work of six secondary science teachers as they engage in an action research project focused on merging environmental education in their science lessons. Over the course of several months the teachers examine and discuss their views and their professional development related to the project. In the place of definitive conclusions, eight propositions relating the work of secondary science teachers to environmental education, form the basis for a discussion of the implications of the study. The implications are particularly relevant to secondary schools in Ontario, Canada, where the embedding of environmental education in science studies has been mandated.

Astrid, Steele

392

Adolescent Suicide and the Role of the School as Seen by Secondary School Principals, Research Monograph.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

By means of a survey of secondary school principals, whose schools are members of the East Texas School Study Council, a regional cooperative of over 80 schools in the North East Texas area, this study sought to determine the desired and existing roles of the principals in dealing with the adolescent suicide problem. The study also identified the…

Cochran, Kent S.; Turner, A. Lynn

393

Grade Inflation and School Competition: An Empirical Analysis Based on the Swedish Upper Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the connection between grade inflation and school competition by studying graduates from the Swedish upper secondary schools in 1997. The final grades are compared to the SweSAT national test scores. Single school municipalities are compared with multiple school municipalities in order to study if potential intra-municipal…

Wikstrom, C.; Wikstrom, M.

2005-01-01

394

Comprehensive School Mental Health: An Integrated "School-Based Pathway to Care" Model for Canadian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescence is a critical period for the promotion of mental health and the treatment of mental disorders. Schools are well-positioned to address adolescent mental health. This paper describes a school mental health model, "School-Based Pathway to Care," for Canadian secondary schools that links schools with primary care providers and mental…

Wei, Yifeng; Kutcher, Stan; Szumilas, Magdalena

2011-01-01

395

Comparison of Self-Concepts and Delinquent Behaviours in Junior Secondary School Students from Prevocational Schools and Grammar Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveyed 1,148 Chinese junior, prevocational, secondary school students to investigate self-concepts and delinquent behaviors when compared to grammar secondary school counterparts. Examined data from an earlier study of junior grammar school students. Finds earlier group had higher self-esteem whereas the prevocational students were more likely…

Leung, Jin-pang

1990-01-01

396

Multiple influences: Latinas, middle school science, and school  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the multiple school and school science experiences of eight Latina students of Central American descent in a tracked, urbanized, middle school setting. Framed by a sociocultural perspective, I describe how eight seventh and eighth grade Latino girls interacted with school science. Implications for the concept "science for all" are discussed.

Parker, Carolyn

2014-06-01

397

Multiple Influences: Latinas, Middle School Science, and School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper describes the multiple school and school science experiences of eight Latina students of Central American descent in a tracked, urbanized, middle school setting. Framed by a sociocultural perspective, I describe how eight seventh and eighth grade Latino girls interacted with school science. Implications for the concept "science for…

Parker, Carolyn

2014-01-01

398

Overview of Public Elementary and Secondary Schools and Districts: School Year 1997-98  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Released by the National Center for Education Statistics, this report presents overview data on the 87,631 elementary and secondary public schools in the US who provided instruction to 46.1 million students during the 1997-98 school year. The thirteen-page report provides statistical information on school districts, public schools, and students in K-12 public schools. Included are seven detailed data tables that profile the total number of students in public schools and in public school districts, the distribution of schools and students by instructional level and urbanicity, the rate of high school dropouts, and several other student characteristics.

1999-01-01

399

Classics and the Reorganisation of Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

With widespread reform of the English grammar and public schools imminent, the development of new structures within the "common" or "comprehensive" schools to assure the continuation of classics and Latin studies is suggested in this booklet. Current educational trends are clarified in articles on: (1) the present situation, (2) the practical…

Morton, D. J.; And Others

400

Secondary School Projects and the Microchip.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study of the applications of microelectronic devices in industry, together with an assessment of their value for use in schools, emphasizes the basic principles underlying the new technology and the practical ways in which these can contribute to associated work in computing and other disciplines in the school curriculum. Following a…

Irvine, A. F.

401

MOOC Integration into Secondary School Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

We investigated how high school students taking a university preparatory economics course would engage with the learning and assessment components of a Behavioural Economics MOOC that was integrated into their school-based course. Students were divided into two groups, MOOC-only, with no teacher support, and blended-mode, with weekly tutorials.…

Najafi, Hedieh; Evans, Rosemary; Federico, Christopher

2014-01-01

402

A Study of the Effect of Secondary School Leadership Styles on Student Achievement in Selected Secondary School in Louisiana  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The effect of the leadership style of the secondary school principal on student achievement in select public schools in Louisiana was examined in this study. The null hypothesis was that there was no statistically significant difference between principal leadership style and student academic achievement. The researcher submitted the LEAD-Self…

Harris, Cydnie Ellen Smith

2012-01-01

403

Secondary school physics availability in an urban setting: Issues related to academic achievement and course offerings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High school physics is a gateway course for post-secondary study in science, and an essential component in the formation of students' scientific literacy. The opportunity to study physics is not universally available for children in U.S. schools, particularly in urban areas. Restricted science opportunities result in inequitable participation and a barrier to future participation in STEM-related fields. Although the national trend in physics enrollment has recently shown an increase, the percentage of participation is much lower for students in urban schools. We examined the availability of physics in New York City, and whether access was related to academic achievement measures, such as prior science performance, and graduation and college attendance percentages. High schools that offered physics were compared to those that did not, and patterns in types of available physics courses were examined. The findings substantiate the compelling need to explore the barriers to increased physics access and participation for urban youth.

Kelly, Angela M.; Sheppard, Keith

2009-10-01

404

The Effectiveness of Smart Schooling in Terms of Student Achievement in Science: A Study of Malaysian Practice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper reports the relative effectiveness of Smart and Mainstream schooling in terms of student achievement in science. The participants comprised 770 secondary school Form 3 (15-year-old) students from two Smart Schools and two Mainstream Schools in Malaysia. Using students' Standardised National Examination (SNE) primary-school science

Ong, Eng-Tek; Ruthven, Kenneth

2012-01-01

405

Gendered Perceptions of Schooling: Classroom Dynamics and Inequalities within Four Caribbean Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper sets out to interrogate the reality of secondary schooling in one part of the Caribbean, through a case study exploration of the "gender regimes" of four secondary schools in the small Eastern Caribbean nation state of Antigua and Barbuda. In Antigua, as in the Caribbean region more broadly, the focus of attention has been on…

Younger, Mike; Cobbett, Mary

2014-01-01

406

ASE and Primary School Science  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article focuses on the role of the Association for Science Education (ASE) in supporting and developing policy and practice in primary school science. It first sets the events after the formation of ASE in 1963 in the context of what went before. It then takes a mainly chronological view of some, but by no means all, of ASE's activities…

Harlen, Wynne

2013-01-01

407

Earth Sciences and Public Schools  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

More than a year ago (Eos 85(49), 523, 2004), the Eos Forum column featured in article by Vice Admiral Conrad Lautenbacher, administrator for the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, and Charles Groat, who at that time was Director of the U.S. Geological Survey, concerning the status of the Earth sciences in the public school curriculum. A very small percentage of high school students take and Earth science course, and that number is dropping every day. As a retired high school Earth science teacher and science department chair, I often found myself defending our Earth science requirement to some parents and school committee members. There were always those who looked to replace our Earth science program with a `more rigorous' course. Very often it was suggested that we drop the Earth science requirement for ninth graders in order to make room for Advanced Placement courses later on. In response, we constructed an `honors Earth science' course to challenge the more `gifted' students.

Kitchen, Robert

2006-06-01

408

Measurement of Level of Intellectual Development in Australian Secondary Schools: A Report to the Education Research and Development Committee.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document reports data on 610 secondary level Australian high school students drawn from 36 urban and rural high schools to determine levels of Piagetian cognitive development, provide a profile of field independence (FDI) across the urban population, validate the Understanding in Science Test instrument, and determine influence of reading…

Blake, Anthony J. D.

409

International Implications: Are Polish Higher School Learners in Favour of Darwin's Theory of Evolution Being Taught in Primary and Secondary Schools?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this article is to determine if Polish higher school learners are in favour of Darwin's evolutionary theory being included in the primary and secondary school curriculum. Thirty three students at AGH University of Science and Technology, Poland were surveyed, and the author found that all of them are in agreement with it. The…

Butler, Norman L.; Griffith, Kimberly Grantham; Kritsonis, William Allan

2007-01-01

410

Evaluating Accounting Software in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The secondary accounting curriculum must be modified to include computers and software. Educators must be aware of the computer skills needed on the job and of the accounting software that is available. Software selection must be tailored to fit the curriculum and the time available. (JOW)

Chalupa, Marilyn

1988-01-01

411

Cocurricular Activity Programs in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This booklet provides a history of the role played by extracurricular activities in American secondary education, summarizing their objectives, principles, and problems, and classifying their types. The student-activity concept is traced through four stages of historical development in the United States. Noting that the objectives of cocurricular…

Gholson, Ronald E.; Buser, Robert L.

412

Transfer to and study at secondary school in Finnish school culture: developing schools on the basis of pupils’ experiences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter is a based on a study that examined, first, Finnish comprehensive school pupils’ transfer to secondary school and, second, the ways in which pupils’ experiences of schooling can contribute to the development and planning of an undivided comprehensive school system. Traditionally, Finnish discourse on the flexibility of the transfer has concentrated on the teacher's role as the central

Janne Pietarinen

2000-01-01

413

Recruiting Science Majors into Secondary Science Teaching: Paid Internships in Informal Science Settings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite the importance of recruiting highly qualified individuals into the science teaching profession, little is known about the effectiveness of particular recruitment strategies. Over 3 years, 34 college science majors and undecided students were recruited into paid internships in informal science settings to consider secondary science teaching…

Worsham, Heather M.; Friedrichsen, Patricia; Soucie, Marilyn; Barnett, Ellen; Akiba, Motoko

2014-01-01

414

Competitive Foods and Beverages Available for Purchase in Secondary Schools--Selected Sites, United States, 2004  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

School Health Profiles is conducted biennially to assess characteristics of school health programs. State and local departments of education and health select either all public secondary schools within their jurisdictions or a systematic, equal-probability sample of public secondary schools to participate in School Health Profiles. At each school,…

Kann, L.; Grunbaum, J.; McKenna, M. L.; Wechsler, H.; Galuska, D. A.

2005-01-01

415

Cultural learning environment of upper secondary science students  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aims of this research were to validate the Cultural Learning Environment Questionnaire in the Brunei context and to evaluate culturally sensitive factors (gender equity, collaboration, deference, competition, teacher authority, modelling and congruence) of upper secondary students’ learning environment. The subjects of this study were 831 upper secondary science students from coeducational schools in Brunei. The data were collected by administering the Cultural Learning Environment Instrument developed by Fisher and Waldrip. Factor analysis and reliability results showed that the instrument was suitable for evaluating the six culturally sensitive factors associated with the cultural learning environment of Bruneian upper secondary students. The results also suggested that students believed both genders were treated equally in their classes. The students viewed that they were to some extent dependent learners; however, they were willing to give their independent views in their classes. The data also suggest that students perceived that they were equally cooperative and competitive. The culturally sensitive factors of the students’ cultural learning environment were not influenced by their gender, but regional variations in values for some of these factors were observed. Further research has been recommended to investigate how the students were equally cooperative and competitive, as well as what factors contributed to the regional differences.

Dhindsa, Harkirat S.

2005-05-01

416

Physical Activity and School Performance: A Survey among Students Not Qualified for Upper Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Many students leave compulsory school without being qualified to apply for national upper secondary school programmes. Despite efforts, the number of unqualified students in Sweden has increased. Grades from compulsory school have direct implications for students' educational futures and the requirement to qualify for an upper…

Ericsson, Ingegerd; Cederberg, Margareta

2015-01-01

417

Ideal versus School Learning: Analyzing Israeli Secondary School Students' Conceptions of Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored 130 secondary school students' conceptions of learning using an open-ended task, analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Students' reality of learning comprised two separate spheres, ideal learning and school learning, which rarely interacted. Generally, students commented more about school than ideal learning. Factor…

Hadar, Linor

2009-01-01

418

Best Practices for Effective Secondary School Counselors  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The recent wave of accountability reform movements has largely overlooked the needs of middle and high school counselors, yet has generated daunting pressure for guidance programs to be standards-based and data-driven. Written from the perspective of a practicing, certified counselor, this guide contains essential information needed to implement…

Shelton, Carla F.; James, Edward L.

2004-01-01

419

Improving Student Services in Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

No single comprehensive student services delivery model exists, and "student services" terminology remains problematic. The Office of Student Services has defined student services as those services provided by educational institutions to facilitate learning and the successful transition from school to work, military, or more education. To be…

Maddy-Bernstein, Carolyn; Cunanan, Esmeralda S.

1995-01-01

420

Outline on Secondary School Moral Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Moral education is political, ideological, moral, and psychological quality education conducted for students. It plays a decisive and guiding role in upholding the socialist nature of schools, assuring the correct political direction in cultivating talent, and promoting the all-around development of students. Guided by Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong…

Chinese Education and Society, 2006

2006-01-01

421

Norwegian Secondary School Teachers and ICT  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

ICT is meant to be integrated in all subjects in Norwegian schools; nevertheless many teachers are reluctant to use ICT in their own teaching. This paper explores to what extent teachers use ICT in their classroom teaching and what teacher-level factors influence the use of ICT. It draws on an analysis of 10 focus-group interviews with 10 teachers…

Wikan, Gerd; Molster, Terje

2011-01-01

422

Collaborative Teaming in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents with learning disabilities are not educated in a vacuum. Successful programming for these students involves many school professionals working together to integrate their programs for the benefit of students with learning disabilities. Collaborative teaming probably can best be described as an attitude rather than a certain way of…

Knackendoffel, E. Ann

2005-01-01

423

Social and School Connectedness in Early Secondary School as Predictors of Late Teenage Substance Use, Mental Health, and Academic Outcomes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: To examine associations between social relationships and school engagement in early secondary school and mental health, substance use, and educational achievement 2- 4 years later. Methods: School-based longitudinal study of secondary school students, surveyed at school in Year 8 (13-14-years-old) and Year 10 (16-years-old), and 1-year post-secondary school. A total of 2678 Year 8 students (74%) participated in the

Lyndal Bond; Helen Butler; G. Dip; John Carlin; Sara Glover; Glenn Bowes; George Patton

2007-01-01

424

The Evidence on Credit Constraints in Post–secondary Schooling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines the family income -- college enrollment relationship and the evidence on credit constraints in post-secondary schooling. We distinguish short-run liquidity constraints from the long-term factors that promote cognitive and noncognitive ability. Long-run factors crystallized in ability are the major determinants of the family income -- schooling relationship, although there is some evidence that up to 8% of

Pedro Carneiro; James J. Heckman

2002-01-01

425

Science for Fun? Try a High School Science Club!  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Unravel the mysteries, intricacies, and delights of science by starting a high school science club in your school. Through a school science club, students develop teamwork, communication, and leadership skills. This article addresses the positive impact and benefits that science clubs have on students and teachers alike.

Joan Twillman

2006-01-01

426

Musculoskeletal Pain Disorders among Secondary School Saudi Female Teachers.  

PubMed

Objective. This study was conducted to estimate prevalence and pattern of musculoskeletal pain disorders among secondary school Saudi female teachers in Al-Khobar area and the psychodemographic and psychosocial factors that may affect them. Material and Method. A cross-sectional study was conducted using sample of secondary schools teachers (governmental and private school) in Al-Khobar area, Saudi Arabia (KSA). Data were collected using a structured self-administered questionnaire. Result. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders was 79.17%. Main sites of pain were lower back (63.8%) followed by shoulder (45.4%), neck (42.1%), leg (40.0%), wrist (16.2%), and elbow joint (10.0%). Factors that showed significant relationship were type of school (p value 0.038), age (p value 0.002), weight (p value 0.007), number of children (p value 0.006), shoe type (p value 0.000), teaching years (p value 0.003), and working daily hours (p value 0.027). Conclusion. Secondary school female teachers showed high prevalence of musculoskeletal pain disorders in most anatomic sites, namely, the back, shoulder, neck, legs, wrist, and elbow joint. Risk factors associated with significant pain were type of school, age, weight, number of children, and number of teaching years. PMID:23970968

Darwish, Magdy A; Al-Zuhair, Shatha Z

2013-01-01

427

Safety in School Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of pesticides in the schools is discussed. Some potential hazards include seeds dressed with fungicide/insecticide mixtures, fumigation of animal houses and greenhouses, and storage and disposal of pesticides. (SA)

Education in Science, 1979

1979-01-01

428

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents (1) suggestions on teaching volume and density in the elementary school; (2) ideas for teaching about floating and sinking; (3) a simple computer program on color addition; and (4) an illustration of Newton's second law of motion. (JN)

School Science Review, 1984

1984-01-01

429

Software for Secondary-School Learning About Robotics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The ROVer Ranch is an interactive computer program designed to help secondary-school students learn about space-program robotics and related basic scientific concepts by involving the students in simplified design and programming tasks that exercise skills in mathematics and science. The tasks involve building simulated robots and then observing how they behave. The program furnishes (1) programming tools that a student can use to assemble and program a simulated robot and (2) a virtual three-dimensional mission simulator for testing the robot. First, the ROVer Ranch presents fundamental information about robotics, mission goals, and facts about the mission environment. On the basis of this information, and using the aforementioned tools, the student assembles a robot by selecting parts from such subsystems as propulsion, navigation, and scientific tools, the student builds a simulated robot to accomplish its mission. Once the robot is built, it is programmed and then placed in a three-dimensional simulated environment. Success or failure in the simulation depends on the planning and design of the robot. Data and results of the mission are available in a summary log once the mission is concluded.

Shelton, Robert O.; Smith, Stephanie L.; Truong, Dat; Hodgson, Terry R.

2005-01-01

430

Assessing Technology Enhanced Instruction: A Case Study in Secondary Science.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an evaluation program designed to assess the effectiveness of technology enhanced instruction within the context of the Technology Enhanced Secondary Science Instruction (TESSI) project, a field-based research program of technology integration into secondary science. Includes analyses of student enrollment and achievement, ethnographic…

Woodrow, Janice E. J.; Mayer-Smith, Jolie A.; Pedretti, Erminia G.

2000-01-01

431

Parental Involvement in the Secondary Schools in Bangladesh: Challenges and a Way Forward  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Parental involvement with secondary schools is a relatively new concept in the Bangladeshi education perspective. The formation of School Management Committee (SMC) and various programs carried out by the secondary schools have created opportunities for parents as community members to be involved in secondary schools in Bangladesh. This article…

Kabir, Ariful Haq; Akter, Farjana

2014-01-01

432

Knowledge and Values in Science Textbooks Concerning Complexity in Ecological Systems and Environmental Problems: A Cross-cultural Study on Secondary School Manuals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study was carried out within the European research project "Biology, Health and Environmental Education for Better Citizenship" that joined 18 European and North-African countries. We report here the methodology and some of the conclusions drawn from an analysis of science textbooks that considered the topics ecology and environmental…

Boujemaa, Agorram; Silvia, Caravita; Adriana, Valente; Daniela, Luzi; Nicola, Margnelli

2009-01-01

433

Identifying productive resources in secondary school students' discourse about energy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A growing program of research in science education acknowledges the beginnings of disciplinary reasoning in students' ideas and seeks to inform instruction that responds productively to these disciplinary progenitors in the moment to foster their development into sophisticated scientific practice. This dissertation examines secondary school students' ideas about energy for progenitors of disciplinary knowledge and practice. Previously, researchers argued that students' ideas about energy were constrained by stable and coherent conceptual structures that conflicted with an assumed unified scientific conception and therefore needed to be replaced. These researchers did not attend to the productive elements in students' ideas about energy. To analyze the disciplinary substance in students' ideas, a theoretical perspective was developed that extends Hammer and colleagues' resources framework. This elaboration allows for the identification of disciplinary productive resources---i.e., appropriately activated declarative and procedural pieces of knowledge---in individual students' utterances as well as in the interactions of multiple learners engaged in group learning activities. Using this framework, original interview transcripts from one of the most influential studies of students' ideas about energy (Watts, 1983. Some alternative views of energy. Physics Education, 18/5, 213-217) were analyzed. Disciplinary productive resources regarding the ontology of energy, indicators for energy, and mechanistic reasoning about energy were found to be activated by interviewed students. These valuable aspects were not recognized by the original author. An interpretive analysis of video recorded student-centered discourse in rural Maine middle schools was carried out to find cases of resource activation in classroom discussions. Several cases of disciplinary productive resources regarding the nature of energy and its forms as well as the construction of a mechanistic energy story were identified and richly described. Like energy, resources are manifested in various ways. The results of this study imply the necessity of appropriate disciplinary training for teachers that enables them to recognize and productively respond to disciplinary progenitors of the energy concept in students' ideas.

Harrer, Benedikt

434

More Equal than Others? Meeting the Professional Development Needs of Rural Primary and Secondary Science Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

It is often assumed that teachers in rural and remote schools are at a disadvantage when it comes to accessing professional development. But is there sufficient evidence to support this assumption? This paper reports findings from two national surveys comparing the professional development priorities of primary and secondary science teachers from…

Lyons, Terry

2008-01-01

435

Infusing the Teaching of Critical and Creative Thinking into Secondary Science: A Lesson Design Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book explores what can be accomplished when effective classroom techniques for teaching students to become good thinkers are combined with effective strategies to engage students in thoughtful learning of the regular secondary school science curriculum. The technique of lesson design and instruction that results is called infusing critical…

Swartz, Robert J.; Fischer, Stephen David; Parks, Sandra

436

"Sex Hormones" in Secondary School Biology Textbooks  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the extent to which the term "sex hormone" is used in science textbooks, and whether the use of the term "sex hormone" is associated with pre-empirical concepts of sex dualism, in particular the misconceptions that these so-called "sex hormones" are sex specific and restricted to sex-related physiological functioning. We found…

Nehm, Ross H.; Young, Rebecca

2008-01-01

437

Visuospatial Learning in School Science Jayashree Ramadas  

E-print Network

Visuospatial Learning in School Science Jayashree Ramadas HBCSE, TIFR, Mumbai Research in science with the practice of science as well as of education. I will illustrate research at the Homi Bhabha Centre for Science Education using the example of visuospatial learning and reasoning in school science. challenges

Shyamasundar, R.K.

438

A Survey of Computing Activities in Secondary Schools. Final Report.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results of a survey of secondary schools indicate that the use of computers, especially for instructional purposes, has grown rapidly. However, the diversity of use is still limited. The most prevalent applications are problem solving and Electronic Data Processing (EDP) skills training. The major emphasis of computer application is on teaching…

Korotkin, Arthur L.; And Others

439

Philosophy and Ethics in Western Australian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The introduction of Philosophy and Ethics to the Western Australian Certificate of Education courses in 2008 brought philosophy into the Western Australian secondary school curriculum for the first time. How philosophy came to be included is part of a larger story about the commitment and perseverance of a relatively small number of Australian…

Millett, Stephan; Tapper, Alan

2014-01-01

440

Organisational Change in Secondary Schools: An Action Approach.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents the results of a longitudinal study that identified changes in the organization of British secondary schools from 1969-1979. There were changes in grouping practices, grading frequency, the prefectorial system, sex differentiation, and activities. The results are explained in terms of an action approach derived from Weber. (AM)

King, Ronald

1982-01-01

441

Microworlds: Building Powerful Ideas in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the 1960s, the MIT (Massachusetts Institute of Technology) developed a programming language called LOGO. Underpinning this invention was a profound new philosophy of how learners learn. This paper reviews research in the area and asks how one notion in particular, that of a microworld, may be used by secondary school educators to build powerful…

Jenkins, Craig William

2012-01-01

442

Digital Libraries in the Classroom: Secondary School Teachers' Conception  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper presents findings from a case study investigating secondary school teachers' understanding of the term digital libraries and their relationship with learning. The study addresses two research questions: (1) How do teachers conceptualize digital libraries, their relevance and issues relating to their integration into the curriculum? and…

Abrizah, A.; Zainab, A. N.

2011-01-01

443

The American Government Information Unit: Curriculum Alternatives for Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The laboratory has created this information unit to help answer curriculum planning questions for secondary school curriculum decision makers. It tells about the products and activities of nine selected curriculum development programs by organizing the following information in chart, summary, then complete report form for quick and easy review and…

Adelson, Nancy C.; Crosby, Sandra G.

444

GUIDANCE GUIDELINES. A HANDBOOK FOR SECONDARY SCHOOL COUNSELORS.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

DIRECTIONAL PROCEDURES AND TECHNIQUES FOR ADMINISTERING THE OVERALL PROGRAM OF SECONDARY SCHOOL GUIDANCE ARE PRESENTED. THE MAJOR EMPHASIS OF THIS GUIDANCE PROGRAM IS UPON OCCUPATIONAL, EDUCATIONAL, AND SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT OF ALL THE PUPILS. SERVICES OF THE GUIDANCE PROGRAM ARE DESCRIBED AT LENGTH. THE KEY IS COUNSELING, OF INDIVIDUALS OR GROUPS.…

EHLERS, DOROTHY; AND OTHERS

445

Evaluation of Section Heads' Performance at Kuwait Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Purpose: The study attempts to examine the viewpoints of those involved in evaluating the performance of section heads in Kuwait secondary schools; mainly section heads themselves, supervisors and principals. It sets out to determine the strength and weaknesses in the performance evaluation form designed for section heads.…

Al-Hamdan, Jasem M.; Al-Yacoub, Ali M.

2005-01-01

446

Feelings of Existential Fulfilment and Burnout among Secondary School Teachers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Teacher burnout is recognized as a serious problem. In research it has been related to many person-specific variables; one of these, the variable of existential fulfilment, has received very little attention thus far. The present study focuses on the relationship between existential fulfilment and burnout among secondary school teachers in the…

Loonstra, Bert; Brouwers, Andre; Tomic, Welko

2009-01-01

447

Integrated Arts Curriculum in Hong Kong Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This longitudinal study (2001-09) of two Hong Kong secondary schools highlights six issues with an integrated arts curriculum: first, integration of knowledge and skills negatively precedes the integration of learners' construction of meaning; second, integration is perceived as challenging the profession's status; third, teachers are unaccustomed…

Wong, Marina Wai-yee

2012-01-01

448

Conflicting Concepts of Participation in Secondary School Citizenship  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper examines a rare response by Ofsted to academics' concerns about a prevailing compliance model of Citizenship in secondary schools. Ofsted's defence of a non-compliance model is then tested against a small sample of Ofsted inspection data. The limited evidence suggests that Ofsted's defence is undermined by the adoption of an…

Mead, Nick

2010-01-01

449

Overlooked & Underserved: Immigrant Students in U.S. Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Program in Immigrant Education (PRIME) was created in 1993 by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation to focus on immigrant secondary education and the challenges faced by older limited English proficient students and the high-poverty schools they attend. This report documents the changes in immigrant student populations and notes the challenges faced…

Ruiz-de-Velasco, Jorge; Fix, Michael

450

Transition to College: Perspectives of Secondary School Students. ACAATO Document  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This research report represents the first phase of a multi-year collaborative research initiative of the Association of Colleges of Applied Arts and Technology of Ontario. The initiative is designed to develop a cohesive picture of the pathways from secondary school to college. The major purpose of this phase of the research was to identify…

King, A. J. C.; Warren, W. K.

2006-01-01

451

Model Spacecraft Construction, Units for Secondary School Industrial Arts.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication provides twelve model spacecraft construction plans for use by secondary school teachers in industrial arts classes. These models were adopted and developed from plans supplied by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and are representative selections from the many spacecraft used in space exploration programs. Some…

Dean, C. Thomas; And Others

452

State Differences in Achievement among Secondary School Students in Australia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of recent national studies of student achievement in secondary school have reported differences between the Australian states and territories. State differences are often viewed as insubstantial or as simply reflecting sociodemographic factors, or differences between the states in the grades or ages of the students sampled. In this…

Marks, Gary N.; Cresswell, John

2005-01-01

453

Adaptive use patterns of secondary school classroom environments  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to investigate how secondary school teachers adaptively make use of the classroom learning environment. The approach illustrates the intimate relationship between teaching style, learning style and the adaptive use of space as well as the preferences for different learning environments. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – A multi method study approach was used to carry out

Aleksander Sztejnberg; Edward F. Finch

2006-01-01

454

Entrepreneurship Education in Lesotho Secondary Schools: Pedagogical Challenges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper explores the extent to which the entrepreneurship education component of the business education curriculum in Lesotho secondary education is being implemented. The study was undertaken in 18 schools during 1998, 1999 and 2000. Different research methods such as video recording, interviews and document analysis were used. Results indicate…

Nketekete, Malefetsane E.; Motebang, Maletele B.

2008-01-01

455

Secondary School Vice-Principals: Commitment, Challenge, Efficacy and Synchrony  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study sought to investigate Hong Kong secondary school vice-principals' job facets leading to overall job satisfaction, and to differentiate the satisfaction of vice-principals of different career orientations and gender groups. The findings indicated that there are four main facets of satisfaction, in rank order of influence on overall…

Yu-kwong, Paula Kwan; Walker, Allan

2010-01-01

456

Clothing Construction and Design. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this guide is to assist clothing construction and design instructors in the State of Truk, Federated States of Micronesia, in planning instructional programs for secondary school students. Specifically, it is designed to: (1) provide uniformity and direction for all vocational clothing programs in the State of Truk; (2) provide…

Chung, Diane

457

Computers and Curricula in the New Jersey Secondary Public Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This 1978 survey of 408 New Jersey secondary public schools found that 242 of them use a computer for instructional purposes. Primarily the computer is used in teaching students to write programs and as a computational aid to problem solving, with mathematics departments making the greatest use of these applications. The survey results justify the…

Versteegh-Limberg, Joyce E. A.

458

Investigating Secondary School Leaders' Perceptions of Performance Management  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Much of the research into teacher appraisal and performance management has focused on the experience of the classroom teacher. In this article, I will: (1) concentrate on the perspectives of the senior managers in secondary schools; (2) consider their views of the purpose of performance management; (3) compare their methods of implementation of…

Moreland, Jan

2009-01-01

459

Teacher Development in State Secondary Schools: A Pilot Study.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored teacher perceptions of professional development in secondary schools in New Zealand, including the degree of teachers' involvement in, and satisfaction with, the professional development programs available to them and whether or not access to professional development is equitable. The survey of 181 teachers in New Zealand's…

Renwick, Margery

460

Teaching Composing in Secondary School: A Case Study Analysis  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article reports a case study of an experienced teacher of composing working with secondary school students in a large urban centre in Ontario, Canada. Results suggest authentic assignments connect student composing to the "real world", and so have meaning and life beyond the music classroom. Teachers can facilitate the development of…

Bolden, Benjamin

2009-01-01

461

Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study Information Bulletin 7.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The background, objectives, and design of Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study (SSMCIS) are summarized. Details are given of the content of the text series, "Unified Modern Mathematics," in the areas of algebra, geometry, linear algebra, probability and statistics, analysis (calculus), logic, and computer programming.…

Secondary School Mathematics Curriculum Improvement Study, New York, NY.

462

Bullying in 25 secondary schools: incidence, impact and intervention  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary This paper outlines an investigation of the incidence and impact of physical, verbal and property-violation bullying in 25 secondary schools within a partner- ship operating with Keele University. The investigation also considers the impact of antisocial behaviour on pupils and the effectiveness of intervention to secure improved behaviour patterns. Evidence shows that in any year 75 per cent of

Derek Glover; Gerry Gough; Michael Johnson

2000-01-01

463

Constructing the Cosmopolitan Subject: Teaching Secondary School Literature in Singapore  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the ambitious educational reforms of the Singapore government in response to the challenges of globalization vis-a-vis the specific issues arising from the case of teaching Literature in secondary schools. It shows how the Singapore state is invested in a particular view of globalization and argues how recent scholarly moves…

Poon, Angelia Mui Cheng

2010-01-01

464

Entrepreneurial Attitude and Entrepreneurial Efficacy of Technical Secondary School Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy are considered to be two important factors influencing students' intention and success in becoming entrepreneurs. This study was conducted to determine the entrepreneurial attitude and entrepreneurial efficacy of 3000 students following technical subjects in the secondary schools of Malaysia.…

Zaidatol Akmaliah, Lope Pihie; Bagheri, Afsaneh

2010-01-01

465

What Greek Secondary School Students Believe about Climate Change?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to investigate what Greek secondary school students (grades 8 and 11) believe about the greenhouse effect and climate change. A total of 626 students completed a closed-form questionnaire consisting of statements regarding the causes, impacts and solutions for this global environmental issue. The possible influence of…

Liarakou, Georgia; Athanasiadis, Ilias; Gavrilakis, Costas

2011-01-01

466

The Secondary School Principalship: The Task and the Constraints.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by Franz Kafka's predatory leopard anecdote, this speech explores the plight of Canadian secondary school principals trying to meet students' educational needs within the constraints imposed by politics and finance. A cross-country survey of 60 principals disclosed some typical problems. Principals must be reponsive to public opinion…

Watts, O. B.

467

Working towards a Model of Secondary School Culture  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contemporary secondary schools in Canada and the United States are complex institutions whose organizational structures, program delivery mechanisms, and institutional community members combine to produce distinctive mini-societies within their walls. Replete with complex arrays of rituals, ceremonies, as well as traditions and founded on a…

Brady, Patrick

2008-01-01

468

The Professional Identity of English Teachers in the Secondary School  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The paper reports on a research study investigating the professional identity of English teachers in the secondary school in the UK, and the effects of their subject philosophies and their conceptions of learning on their teaching. The various and often competing definitions of the subject have a long history, and a number of factors have been…

Findlay, Kate

2010-01-01

469

Contextualized Magnetism in Secondary School: Learning from the LHC (CERN)  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Physics teachers in secondary schools usually mention the world's largest particle physics laboratory--CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research)--only because of the enormous size of the accelerators and detectors used there, the number of scientists involved in their activities and also the necessary international scientific…

Cid, Ramon

2005-01-01

470

Feedback in Educational Communication in Czech Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper introduces an empirical study that examines how teachers evaluate pupils' responses. The study draws on research undertaken at four secondary schools in the Czech Republic. It transpires that feedback has a stable position in the structure of communication; however, it is used only to verify pupils' responses and not to elaborate them.…

Sedova, Klara; Svaricek, Roman

2012-01-01

471

Gendered Conflicts in Secondary School: Fun or Enactment of Power?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined relationships and conflicts between secondary school boys and girls, noting the fine line between playing "just for fun" and harassment. Data from classroom observations, interviews with younger adolescents, and reminiscences of the same adolescents a few years later revealed diverse interpretations of gendered interactions. Incidents…

Lahelma, Elina

2002-01-01

472

American Indian Secondary School Students' Preferences for Counselors.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined preferences of 242 American Indian secondary school students for counselor age, sex, educational level, attitudes and values, personality, and ethnicity, across personal and academic problem types, and through assessment of cultural involvement. Found primary preference for talking with American Indian counselor, although this was true…

Bigfoot-Sipes, Dolores Subia; And Others

1992-01-01

473

Transferring Post-Secondary Schools: Student Perceptions, Rationales, and Experiences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present study is an empirical investigation of the experience of students transferring from one post-secondary institution to another. Positioned within several theories, most notably emerging adulthood theory, the findings imply that transferring schools represents a positive growth experience for the student who recognizes an inappropriate…

Wintre, Maxine Gallander; Morgan, Ashley S.

2009-01-01

474

Paradoxical Inequalities: Adolescent Peer Relations in Indian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Peer relationships in secondary schools in two different cultural areas of India are compared. A general theory of status relations and a specification of the distinctive cultural features of each area are used to explain the observed differences in peer inequality, clique formation, petty deviance, putdowns, fashion consciousness, romantic…

Milner, Murray, Jr.

2013-01-01

475

Stress and Job Satisfaction among Secondary School Principals in Texas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The role of a secondary school principal continues to expand and increase principals' daily workload. The high stakes testing environment also places pressure on principals to ensure that students score high on standardized tests. With a heavy workload, principals find themselves faced with numerous work-related stressors that influence job…

Romney, Angela G.

2012-01-01

476

Home Economics: Foods and Nutrition. Secondary Schools. Curriculum Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This home economics curriculum guide on foods and nutrition for secondary students is one of six developed for inservice teachers at Marianas High School in Saipan. The guide provides the rationale, description, goals, and objectives of the program; the program of studies and performance objectives by levels; samples of lesson plans for effective…

Trust Territory of the Pacific Islands Dept. of Education, Saipan.

477

Pedagogy in diverse secondary school classes: Legacies for higher education  

Microsoft Academic Search

As university teachers we find ourselves grappling with the increasingly diverse legacies of students' prior pedagogic experiences – some of which seem to work against the quality intellectual outcomes now demanded from higher education. In this context, this paper reports a descriptive study of pedagogy created for Chinese students in a mainstream Australian secondary school with a high level of

Karen Dooley

2004-01-01

478

Finnish Secondary School Students' Interreligious Sensitivity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to assess the self-evaluations of Finnish secondary school students' (N?=?549) interreligious sensitivity. The data were collected from 12-16-year-old young people with a 15-item Interreligious Sensitivity Scale Questionnaire (IRRSSQ). The IRRSSQ is based on Abu-Nimer's Developmental Model of Interreligious…

Holm, Kristiina; Nokelainen, Petri; Tirri, Kirsi

2014-01-01

479

Curriculum Guide for Art in the Secondary Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This secondary school curriculum guide is written in outline form to simplify the planning of a design-oriented art program. For each of 15 design units, a step-by-step set of instructions is given. Each unit is presented in three stages, each of which is a complete lesson in design. Materials and tools necessary for lesson preparation, motivation…

Chicago Board of Education, IL.

480

Waseda University Graduate Schools of Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

Waseda University Graduate Schools of Science and Engineering Graduate School of Fundamental Science and Engineering Graduate School of Creative Science and Engineering Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Admission to Graduate Application Guidelines For Master's Program For Research

Kaji, Hajime

481

Waseda University Graduate Schools of Science and Engineering  

E-print Network

Waseda University Graduate Schools of Science and Engineering Graduate School of Fundamental Science and Engineering Graduate School of Creative Science and Engineering Graduate School of Advanced Science and Engineering Admission to Graduate Application Guidelines For Doctoral Program For Research

Kaji, Hajime

482

Catholic Secondary Schools and the Educational Reform Movement in American Secondary Education. NCEA Special Bulletin.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The educational reform of America's secondary schools has been the subject of conferences and documents. The National Catholic Education Association concurs with many of the ideas presented by proponents of this renewal, but the association believes there are omissions in philosophy and proposals espoused by the reformers. In this bulletin,…

National Catholic Educational Association, Washington, DC.

483

``Sex Hormones'' in Secondary School Biology Textbooks  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study explores the extent to which the term “sex hormone” is used in science textbooks, and whether the use of the term “sex hormone” is associated with pre-empirical concepts of sex dualism, in particular the misconceptions that these so-called “sex hormones” are sex specific and restricted to sex-related physiological functioning. We found that: (1) all the texts employed the term “sex hormone”; (2) in all texts estrogen is characterized as restricted to females and testosterone is characterized as restricted to males; and (3) in all texts testosterone and estrogen are discussed as exclusively involved in sex-related physiological roles. We conclude that (1) contemporary science textbooks preserve sex-dualistic models of steroid hormones (one sex, one “sex hormone”) that were rejected by medical science in the early 20th century and (2) use of the term “sex hormone” is associated with misconceptions regarding the presence and functions of steroid hormones in male and female bodies.

Nehm, Ross H.; Young, Rebecca

2008-11-01

484

Recruiting Science Majors into Secondary Science Teaching: Paid Internships in Informal Science Settings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the importance of recruiting highly qualified individuals into the science teaching profession, little is known about the effectiveness of particular recruitment strategies. Over 3 years, 34 college science majors and undecided students were recruited into paid internships in informal science settings to consider secondary science teaching as a career. Analysis of interns' subsequent career plans revealed the internships were not effective in recruiting the interns into the secondary science teacher education program, although many interns thought they might consider becoming teachers later in their lives. Reasons for not pursuing teaching included continued indecisiveness, inflexibility of required plans of study, and concerns about teachers' pay and classroom management.

Worsham, Heather M.; Friedrichsen, Patricia; Soucie, Marilyn; Barnett, Ellen; Akiba, Motoko

2014-02-01

485

Middle School Science Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Outlined are 10 experiments, demonstrations, and helpful hints for elementary science classes utilizing common, inexpensive materials. Topics include mixing colored lights, detergents, weightlessness, solar energy, and hydrogen gas. (SL)

School Science Review, 1976

1976-01-01

486

Research-Based Astronomy Workshops for Secondary School Students in Thailand  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of the Learning Center for Earth Sciences and Astronomy (LESA). Thai-land organizes a series of research-based astronomical workshops for secondary school students in the country during 2006 present. The goal of LESA is to apply the research-based learn-ing approach to complement astronomy education, which has been included in the national curriculum since 2002, and to let

Wiphu Rujopakarn; Thagoon Kirdkao

2010-01-01

487

School of Nursing Oregon Health & Science University  

E-print Network

School of Nursing Oregon Health & Science University http://nursing.ohsufoundation.org The OHSU School of Nursing, part of Oregon Health & Science University, is consistently ranked one of the nation's best and most innovative nursing schools. The school is dedicated to exceptional nursing education

Chapman, Michael S.

488

An Assessment of Secondary School Teachers Uses of ICT's: Implications for Further Development of ICT's Use in Nigerian Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The use of ICTs in Nigeria and African countries generally is increasing and dramatically growing. However, while there is a great deal of knowledge about how ICTs are being used in developed countries, there is not much information on how ICTs are being used by teachers in developing countries. This study examined Nigeria secondary school

Tella, Adeyinka; Tella, Adedeji; Toyobo, Oluwole Majekodunmi; Adika, Lawrence O.; Adeyinka, Adewuyi Ayodele

2007-01-01

489

A Comparison of Astronomy/Science Attitudes Among Students and Secondary Teachers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Astronomy Summer School of East Texas was designed to address the needs of rural schools in the Walker County region of East Texas. This region is populated by poorer schools with fewer science resources and underperforming students on standardized tests, resulting in many of the school districts being rated as “academically unacceptable”. The goal of the workshop was to provide a suite of active learning modules to regional 6 - 12 grade teachers, which they can then use in their classrooms to actively engage their students in the use of real science data. As part of the workshop, we administered Zeilik’s pre/post attitude survey towards astronomy/science to assess whether the participant’s attitudes changed over the course of the two-week workshop. While we found no statistically significant shift in attitudes, we were surprised at some of the attitudes that secondary science teachers held. We will summarize their attitudes and compare them with attitude data gathered from their students, along with those of college students enrolled in introductory astronomy courses at Sam Houston State University. With this data, we will present the differences in attitudes with age between middle school, high school and college students, along with difference in attitudes between teachers and students. This project is supported by the NASA Science Mission Directorate Education and Public Outreach for Earth and Space Science (EPOESS), which is part of the Research Opportunities in Space and Earth Sciences (ROSES), Grant Number NNX12AH11G.

Kareva, Anna; Miller, S.; Foster, A.; James, C. R.

2014-01-01

490

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes construction and use of pivots for science equipment and a pin-hole camera (made out of newspaper) for observing solar eclipses. Also describes a method for displaying spectra with a raybox and modification/use of a one-shot submarine (used in floating/sinking activities). (JN)

School Science Review, 1983

1983-01-01

491

Middle School Science Notes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a variety of laboratory procedures, discussions, and demonstrations including centripedal force apparatus, model ear drum, hot air balloons, air as a real substance, centering a ball, simple test tube rack, demonstration fire extinguisher, pin-hole camera, and guidelines for early primary science education (5-10 years) concepts and lesson…

School Science Review, 1981

1981-01-01

492

Middle School Science Notes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Includes methods for using harmonographs in demonstrating motion of pendulums, constructing an electrostatic "bell," inverting mirror images, demonstrating the corrosion rate of steel, demonstrating expansion, studying rate of reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid, using matchboxes in science for containers, problem boxes, building…

School Science Review, 1977

1977-01-01

493

Science Integration in Secondary Agriculture: A Review of Research  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (No Child Left Behind) has put pressure on schools to increase their academic achievement, even if that means schools must eliminate courses that do not seem to have as much effect on that achievement. Because agricultural education has had a reputation for many years of being strictly vocational with no apparent academic qualities, agricultural

Mary H. Brister; Kirk A. Swortzel

2007-01-01

494

Bioinformatics in High School Biology Curricula: A Study of State Science Standards  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The proliferation of bioinformatics in modern biology marks a modern revolution in science that promises to influence science education at all levels. This study analyzed secondary school science standards of 49 U.S. states (Iowa has no science framework) and the District of Columbia for content related to bioinformatics. The bioinformatics…

Wefer, Stephen H.; Sheppard, Keith

2008-01-01

495

School News School of Science and Technology 2011  

E-print Network

School News School of Science and Technology 2011 #12;Welcome 2011 is an exciting time for students), the home to the School of Science and Technology, and students who have got involved with career enhancing activities alongside their studies (page 6). Don't miss our article on `Top 10 things you need to know before

Evans, Paul

496

Literacy and Secondary Science--Building on Primary Experience.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Provides an insight into the scope and practice of Literacy Strategy which encourages primary children in England to read and write non-fiction more effectively, the way it is being used to complement primary science, and how it provides secondary science teachers with an exciting opportunity to improve pupil achievement in science. (Contains 18…

McKeon, Frankie

2000-01-01

497

Cardiff School of Earth and Ocean Sciences  

E-print Network

Cardiff School of Earth and Ocean Sciences Undergraduate Degree Programmes www.cardiff.ac.uk/earth of studying Earth Sciences at University. You've probably not studied Earth Sciences much in school although you may have touched on some aspects in Geography. Earth Sciences is, like medicine, very broad

Davies, Christopher

498

Tanzania post-colonial educational system and perspectives on secondary science education, pedagogy, and curriculum: A qualitative study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The development of technology and innovation in any country depends on a strong investment in science education from the lower to the upper levels of education. In most of the Sub-Saharan African nations, science education curriculum and teaching still faces many issues and problems that are inhibiting the growth of technology and innovation in these nations. In order to address these issues, an interpretive qualitative study that aims to examine how Tanzanian secondary science educators perceive secondary science education was conducted in the summer of 2013. The purpose of this study is to investigate problems and educational issues that might be limiting the growth of science, technology, and innovation in the Tanzanian society. Additionally, this research investigates the impacts of the colonial legacy that relates to language, politics, and economics, as they affect science education in Tanzania secondary schools. This study focuses on the governmental four-year ordinary level secondary science education; it took place in Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania. The researcher interviewed nine secondary science educators: three secondary science teachers and six secondary science education administrators. The researcher also conducted classroom observations. The data results from both interview and classroom observations were contextualized with data from existing documentation on Tanzanian secondary science education and data from previous research. The emergent themes from the study indicate that most of the problems and issues that are currently facing secondary science education are historically connected to the impact of the colonization period in 19th and 20th centuries. This study suggests that in order to improve science education in Tanzanian society, the people, especially the elites, need to break away from an "Orientalist" mindset and start integrating the Tanzanian culture and science into the still existing Eurocentric science curriculum. In addition, the Tanzanian government needs to invest in industries and economic initiatives that will support strong science education at all levels of education, as well as the graduates produced through this system.

Wandela, Eugenia L.

499

The Quality of School Physical Education in Flemish Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article the importance of a quality care system within school physical education is emphasized. Taking into account the fact that education is a critical part of human development and a government concern, striving towards an optimization of the quantity and quality requirements of education can be regarded as a necessity. This applies as…

De Knop, Paul; Theeboom, Marc; Huts, Kristof; Van Hoecke, Jo; De Martelaer, Kristine

2004-01-01

500

How Schools Do Policy: Policy Enactments in Secondary Schools  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Over the last 20 years, international attempts to raise educational standards and improve opportunities for all children have accelerated and proliferated. This has generated a state of constant change and an unrelenting flood of initiatives, changes and reforms that need to be "implemented" by schools. In response to this, a great deal of…

Ball, Stephen J.; Maguire, Meg; Braun, Annette

2011-01-01