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Sample records for sepetiba rj brasil

  1. Lignin phenols used to infer organic matter sources to Sepetiba Bay - RJ, Brasil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rezende, C. E.; Pfeiffer, W. C.; Martinelli, L. A.; Tsamakis, E.; Hedges, J. I.; Keil, R. G.

    2010-04-01

    Lignin phenols were measured in the sediments of Sepitiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in bedload sediments and suspended sediments of the four major fluvial inputs to the bay; São Francisco and Guandu Channels and the Guarda and Cação Rivers. Fluvial suspended lignin yields (?8 3.5-14.6 mgC 10 g dw -1) vary little between the wet and dry seasons and are poorly correlated with fluvial chlorophyll concentrations (0.8-50.2 ?gC L -1). Despite current land use practices that favor grassland agriculture or industrial uses, fluvial lignin compositions are dominated by a degraded leaf-sourced material. The exception is the Guarda River, which has a slight influence from grasses. The Lignin Phenol Vegetation Index, coupled with acid/aldehyde and 3.5 Db/V ratios, indicate that degraded leaf-derived phenols are also the primary preserved lignin component in the bay. The presence of fringe Typha sp. and Spartina sp. grass beds surrounding portions of the Bay are not reflected in the lignin signature. Instead, lignin entering the bay appears to reflect the erosion of soils containing a degraded signature from the former Atlantic rain forest that once dominated the watershed, instead of containing a significant signature derived from current agricultural uses. A three-component mixing model using the LPVI, atomic N:C ratios, and stable carbon isotopes (which range between -26.8 and -21.8‰) supports the hypothesis that fluvial inputs to the bay are dominated by planktonic matter (78% of the input), with lignin dominated by leaf (14% of the input) over grass (6%). Sediments are composed of a roughly 50-50 mixture of autochthonous material and terrigenous material, with lignin being primarily sourced from leaf.

  2. Rj (rj) genes involved in nitrogen-fixing root nodule formation in soybean

    PubMed Central

    Hayashi, Masaki; Saeki, Yuichi; Haga, Michiyo; Harada, Kyuya; Kouchi, Hiroshi; Umehara, Yosuke

    2012-01-01

    It has long been known that formation of symbiotic root nodules in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is controlled by several host genes referred to as Rj (rj) genes, but molecular cloning of these genes has been hampered by soybean’s complicated genome structure and large genome size. Progress in molecular identification of legume genes involved in root nodule symbiosis have been mostly achieved by using two model legumes, Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula, that have relatively simple and small genomes and are capable of molecular transfection. However, recent development of resources for soybean molecular genetic research, such as genome sequencing, large EST databases, and high-density linkage maps, have enabled us to isolate several Rj genes. This progress has been achieved in connection with systematic utilization of the information obtained from molecular genetics of the model legumes. In this review, we summarize the current status of knowledge of host-controlled nodulation in soybean based on information from recent studies on Rj genes, and discuss the future research prospects. PMID:23136493

  3. Analysis of the Body Distribution of Absorbed Dose in the Organs of Three Species of Fish from Sepetiba Bay

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pereira, Wagner de S.; Kelecom, Alphonse; dos Santos Gouvea, Rita de Cássia; Py Júnior, Delcy de Azevedo

    2008-08-01

    The body distribution of Polonium-210 in three fishes from the Sepetiba Bay (Macrodon ancylodon, Micropogonias furnieri and Mugil curema) has been studied under the approach of the Department of Energy of the United States of America (DOE) that set the limit of absorbed dose rate in biota equal to 3.5×103 ?Gy/y, and that also established the relation between dose rate (D) and radionuclide concentration (c) on a fish muscle fresh weight basis, as follows: D = 5.05 E×N×C, assuming that the radionuclide distribution is homogenous among organs. Two hypotheses were tested here, using statistical tools: 1) is the body distribution of absorbed dose homogenous among organs? and 2) is the body distribution of absorbed dose identical among studied fishes? It was concluded, as expected, that the distribution among organs is heterogeneous; but, unexpectedly, that the three fishes display identical body distribution pattern, although they belong to different trophic levels. Hence, concerning absorbed dose calculation, the statement that data distribution is homogenous must be understood merely as an approximation, at least in the case of Polonium-210.

  4. Analysis of the Body Distribution of Absorbed Dose in the Organs of Three Species of Fish from Sepetiba Bay

    SciTech Connect

    Pereira, Wagner de S; Kelecom, Alphonse; Santos Gouvea, Rita de Cassia dos; Azevedo Py Junior, Delcy de

    2008-08-07

    The body distribution of Polonium-210 in three fishes from the Sepetiba Bay (Macrodon ancylodon, Micropogonias furnieri and Mugil curema) has been studied under the approach of the Department of Energy of the United States of America (DOE) that set the limit of absorbed dose rate in biota equal to 3.5x10{sup 3} {mu}Gy/y, and that also established the relation between dose rate (D) and radionuclide concentration (c) on a fish muscle fresh weight basis, as follows: D = 5.05 ExNxC, assuming that the radionuclide distribution is homogenous among organs. Two hypotheses were tested here, using statistical tools: 1) is the body distribution of absorbed dose homogenous among organs? and 2) is the body distribution of absorbed dose identical among studied fishes? It was concluded, as expected, that the distribution among organs is heterogeneous; but, unexpectedly, that the three fishes display identical body distribution pattern, although they belong to different trophic levels. Hence, concerning absorbed dose calculation, the statement that data distribution is homogenous must be understood merely as an approximation, at least in the case of Polonium-210.

  5. Acid Volatile Sulfides (avs) and the Bioavailability of Trace Metals in the Channel of the SÃO Francisco River, Sepetiba Bay - de Janeiro-Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Monte, Christiane; Rodrigues, Ana Paula; Marinho, Matheus; Quaresma, Tássia; Machado, Wilson

    2014-05-01

    Sepetiba Bay has 430 Km2 of internal and 2,500 Km2 area of the drainage basin (Lacerda et al., 2007), located 60 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro. Sepetiba Bay has 430 Km2 of internal and 2,500 Km2 area of the drainage basin (Lacerda et al., 2007), located 60 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro.The San Francisco channel comes from the Guandu River and empties into Sepetiba Bay and is the main contributor of freshwater to the estuarine system. The Guandu River system/channel of San Francisco receives contribution of domestic and industrial effluents, which go largely to Sepetiba Bay. This work aimed to evaluate the .This work aimed to evaluate the ratio SEM/AVS as a way of predicting bioavailability trace metals from industrial sewage, mainly, in the estuarine system of Sepetiba. This model is based on the property of some Divalent metal cations (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), by presenting a low solubility constant, are removed from the soluble fraction by precipitation, forming secondary metal sulfides. Were held four transects, made up of three points each, the coast line to the center of the Bay. The surface sediment was collected with a van Veen sampler type ,packed in glass jars and kept frozen until analysis.The determination of SEM/AVS followed the methodology described by Allen et al. (1991). The variation between sulfide 159.88 ± 0.05 µmol/g on 12 points. The metals that entered the sum of simultaneous extraction were: Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn ranging from: 6.47 ± 0.11 µmol/g on sum.The means (± standard deviation) ratio SEM/AVS per transect were: 1.04 ± 1.20 (transect 1); 0.48 ± 0.53 (transect 2); 1.26 ± 1.32 (transect 3) and 0.18 ± 0.14 (transect 4). Only transects 1 and 3 had higher results than 1 , meaning that there are more divalent metal sulfides in the environment. This means that only the sulfides would not be capable of complex and may reflect the potential bioavailability of these in the aquatic environment. There is no statistical difference between the transects. According to the studies done previously in the area for concentrations of AVS MADDOCK et at. (2007) found values greater than 290 ?mol g-1, MACHADO et al. (2008) found concentrations between 5.2-121 ?mol g-1 in the Herons Cove and RODRIGUES (2013) found concentrations between 14.26 to 41.46 ?mol g-1 in the Engenho's Sac.The results may reflect the oxic conditions of the environment, which interferes with the reduction of SO4. Additionally, other mechanisms of metal retention in the sediment may be occurring at the site, together with the interfering sulfide. Key words: estuary sediment and simultaneous extraction of metals.

  6. Effect of Rj Genotype and Cultivation Temperature on the Community Structure of Soybean-Nodulating Bradyrhizobia

    PubMed Central

    Shiro, Sokichi; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki; Yoshida, Naoto; Nishiwaki, Aya; Yamakawa, Takeo

    2012-01-01

    The nodulation tendency and community structure of indigenous bradyrhizobia on Rj genotype soybean cultivars at cultivation temperatures of 33/28°C, 28/23°C, and 23/18°C for 16/8 h (day/night degrees, hours) were investigated using 780 bradyrhizobial DNA samples from an Andosol with 13 soybean cultivars of four Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj2Rj3, Rj4, and Rj2Rj3Rj4). A dendrogram was constructed based on restriction fragment length polymorphism of the PCR products (PCR-RFLP) of the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region. Eleven Bradyrhizobium U.S. Department of Agriculture strains were used as a reference. The dendrogram indicated seven clusters based on similarities among the reference strains. The occupancy rate of the Bj123 cluster decreased with increasing cultivation temperature, whereas the occupancy rates of the Bj110 cluster, Be76 cluster, and Be94 cluster increased with increasing cultivation temperature. In particular, the Rj2Rj3Rj4 genotype soybeans were infected with a number of Bj110 clusters, regardless of the increasing cultivation temperature, compared to other Rj genotype soybean cultivars. The ratio of beta diversity to gamma diversity (H??/H??), which represents differences in the bradyrhizobial communities by pairwise comparison among cultivation temperature sets within the same soybean cultivar, indicated that the bradyrhizobial communities tended to be different among cultivation temperatures. Multidimensional scaling analysis indicated that the infection of the Bj110 cluster and the Bj123 cluster by host soybean genotype and the cultivation temperature affected the bradyrhizobial communities. These results suggested that the Rj genotypes and cultivation temperatures affected the nodulation tendency and community structures of soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia. PMID:22156423

  7. Spatial, temporal and diel variations of fish assemblages at two sandy beaches in the Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pessanha, André Luiz Machado; Araújo, Francisco Gerson

    2003-08-01

    Fish assemblages from two beaches, one in the inner and the other in the outer Sepetiba Bay (latitude: 22°54'-23°04'S; longitude: 43°34'-44°10'W), Southeast Brazil, were sampled by beach seine net, simultaneously, on both seasonal and diel scales, between August 1998 and June 1999. Sites were selected to encompass different environmental conditions which reflect the two bay zones, thus providing a comprehensive assessment of the factors influencing surf zone fish assemblages, and their spatial, seasonal and diel variations. A total of 55 fish species was recorded, mostly young-of-the-year. Anchoa tricolor, Micropogonias furnieri, Gerres aprion, Diapterus rhombeus, Harengula clupeola, Atherinella brasiliensis and Mugil liza were numerically dominant and contributed to 95.2% of the total fish catches. Strong differences in fish assemblages were observed between the two areas, with higher number of species in the outer bay. Increases in fish numbers occurred in winter, while the highest biomass occurred in winter and summer. Transparency, followed by salinity, was responsible for most of the spatial variability and played an important role in structuring fish assemblages. Overall, diel patterns did not reveal any significant trends; however, if we consider each season separately, an increase in fish numbers during the day with peak at sunset was observed in winter, and a higher biomass occurred at night in winter and summer. Species preferences for various combinations of environmental variables are responsible for shifts in the structure and overall abundance of assemblages and dictated some patterns. The sciaenid M. furnieri, the second most abundant species, occurred only in the inner zone, being more abundant in winter. The species of Engraulidae were more abundant in the outer zone in winter/spring during the day. The gerreids G. aprion and D. rhombeus occurred mainly in summer. Overall, temporal fluctuations act more at a specific level than at a structural one, and may be linked to some particular stages of the fish life cycle, but do not significantly influence the spatial organization.

  8. Molybdenum in Nuclear Waste Glasses -Incorporation and Redox state R.J. Short, R.J. Hand, N.C. Hyatt,

    E-print Network

    Sheffield, University of

    Molybdenum in Nuclear Waste Glasses - Incorporation and Redox state R.J. Short, R.J. Hand, N or suppress crystallisation in simplified model waste glasses that contain molybdenum. Experiments molybdenum is `yellow phase'. Yellow phase accelerates corrosion of the inconel melters in the liquid state

  9. MOLYBDENUM IN GLASSES CONTAINING VITRIFIED NUCLEAR R.J. Hand, R.J. Short, S. Morgan, N.C. Hyatt, G. Mbus and W.E. Lee

    E-print Network

    Sheffield, University of

    MOLYBDENUM IN GLASSES CONTAINING VITRIFIED NUCLEAR WASTE R.J. Hand, R.J. Short, S. Morgan, N.hand@sheffield.ac.uk Immobilisation of molybdenum in high level nuclear waste glasses melted under oxidising, neutral and reducing). Molybdenum is present in all cases in the hexavalent oxidation state as the tetrahedral MoO4 2- molybdate

  10. 75 FR 75205 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky Lines, LLC-Trackage Rights Exemption-CSX...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-02

    ...Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35442] R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky...grant limited overhead trackage rights to R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky...2005.\\3\\ In the original notices, R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central...

  11. 75 FR 18253 - R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-NC Railroad, Inc.

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ...Board [STB Finance Docket No. 35363] R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC--Acquisition Exemption--NC Railroad, Inc. R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC (RJC Railroad...exemption in STB Finance Docket No. 35364, R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown...

  12. 75 FR 52818 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky Lines, LLC-Trackage Rights Exemption-CSX...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-27

    ...Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35386] R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky...limited overhead trackage rights \\1\\ to R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky...The original rights were obtained by R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC...

  13. FATE AND TOXICITY OF HIGH DENSITY MISSILE FUELS RJ-5 AND JP-9 IN AQUATIC TEST SYSTEMS

    EPA Science Inventory

    The high density missile fuels RJ-5 and JP-9 resisted biodegradation when incubated with water/sediment suspensions collected from aquatic habitats. RJ-5 and JP-9 were not toxic to the microbial communities at concentrations of 400 mg per liter, but RJ-5 was toxic to Mysidopsis b...

  14. Identification of Bradyrhizobium elkanii Genes Involved in Incompatibility with Soybean Plants Carrying the Rj4 Allele.

    PubMed

    Faruque, Omar M; Miwa, Hiroki; Yasuda, Michiko; Fujii, Yoshiharu; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Okazaki, Shin

    2015-10-01

    Symbioses between leguminous plants and soil bacteria known as rhizobia are of great importance to agricultural production and nitrogen cycling. While these mutualistic symbioses can involve a wide range of rhizobia, some legumes exhibit incompatibility with specific strains, resulting in ineffective nodulation. The formation of nodules in soybean plants (Glycine max) is controlled by several host genes, which are referred to as Rj genes. The soybean cultivar BARC2 carries the Rj4 gene, which restricts nodulation by specific strains, including Bradyrhizobium elkanii USDA61. Here we employed transposon mutagenesis to identify the genetic locus in USDA61 that determines incompatibility with soybean varieties carrying the Rj4 allele. Introduction of the Tn5 transposon into USDA61 resulted in the formation of nitrogen fixation nodules on the roots of soybean cultivar BARC2 (Rj4 Rj4). Sequencing analysis of the sequence flanking the Tn5 insertion revealed that six genes encoding a putative histidine kinase, transcriptional regulator, DNA-binding transcriptional activator, helix-turn-helix-type transcriptional regulator, phage shock protein, and cysteine protease were disrupted. The cysteine protease mutant had a high degree of similarity with the type 3 effector protein XopD of Xanthomonas campestris. Our findings shed light on the diverse and complicated mechanisms that underlie these highly host-specific interactions and indicate the involvement of a type 3 effector in Rj4 nodulation restriction, suggesting that Rj4 incompatibility is partly mediated by effector-triggered immunity. PMID:26187957

  15. 75 FR 18254 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line-Lease and Operation Exemption-R.J. Corman Railroad...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ...Transportation Board [STB Finance Docket No. 35364] R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line--Lease and Operation Exemption--R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line...

  16. 77 FR 30588 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc.-Construction and Operation Exemption-In...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-05-23

    ...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35116] R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc.-- Construction...the prior approval requirements of 49 U.S.C. 10901 for R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc....

  17. 75 FR 18254 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line-Lease and Operation Exemption-R.J. Corman Railroad...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-09

    ... Surface Transportation Board R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line--Lease and Operation Exemption--R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line (RJC Railroad Company... from R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC (RJC Railroad Property), and to operate approximately 42...

  18. Lightcurve Analysis of the Near-Earth Asteroid (162566) 2000 RJ34

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Warner, Brian D.; Benishek, Vladimir

    2014-04-01

    Analysis of CCD photometry observations of the near-Earth asteroid (162566) 2000 RJ34 indicates a period of 50.5 ± 0.1 h. The amplitude was 0.78 ± 0.03 mag. The long period nearly commensurate with an Earth day made it critical that at least two stations, well-separated in longitude, be involved in the observing campaign.

  19. The Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory (CAMO): System overview R.J. Weryk a,

    E-print Network

    Wiegert, Paul

    The Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory (CAMO): System overview R.J. Weryk a, , M.D. Campbell 10 January 2013 Accepted 19 April 2013 Available online 3 May 2013 Keywords: Meteors Image processing for the Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory (CAMO), an automated two-station video meteor system designed

  20. Nutrient-plankton models with nutrient recycling S. R.-J. Jang1

    E-print Network

    Baglama, James

    Nutrient-plankton models with nutrient recycling S. R.-J. Jang1 and J. Baglama2 1. Department with general uptake functions in which nutrient recycling is either instantaneous or de- layed is considered in both the instantaneous and the delayed nutrient recycling models. However, the delayed nutrient

  1. RPS/GMM Approach toward the Localization of Myocardial Infarction MA Mneimneh, RJ Povinelli

    E-print Network

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    RPS/GMM Approach toward the Localization of Myocardial Infarction MA Mneimneh, RJ Povinelli- lenge. In [1], de Luna and Wagner provided myocardial infarction localization rules that relate the Q on the ability to identify the segments, extent, and centroid of infarcts through ECG signals and body surface

  2. Draft Genome Sequence of Bradyrhizobium japonicum Is-1, Which Is Incompatible with Rj2 Genotype Soybeans

    PubMed Central

    Sakata, Tomoyuki; Kanesaki, Yu; Yoshikawa, Hirofumi; Tsurumaru, Hirohito

    2015-01-01

    We report the draft genome sequence of Bradyrhizobium japonicum Is-1, which is incompatible with Rj2 genotype soybeans. The estimated genome size of this strain is 8.9 Mb. Genome sequence information of this strain will help to identify a causal gene for this incompatibility. PMID:26494666

  3. Influence of the modern light environment on mood TA Bedrosian and RJ Nelson

    E-print Network

    Nelson, Randy J.

    cycles created by social and work schedules. Urban light pollution, night shift work, transmeridianREVIEW Influence of the modern light environment on mood TA Bedrosian and RJ Nelson Humans years the widespread adoption of electric light has transformed our environment. Instead of aligning

  4. Title: Tree Demography in the Tropical Rain Forest in Guyana Author: Zagt, R.J.

    E-print Network

    Machado, Jose-Luis

    Title: Tree Demography in the Tropical Rain Forest in Guyana Author: Zagt, R.J. Year: 1997 ISBN: 90 the results of a 4-year PhD study on the growth and survival of three tropical rain forest trees in Guyana in forest composition and evaluates the major factors that affect the course of succession. All demographic

  5. Rj4, a Gene Controlling Nodulation Specificity in Soybeans, Encodes a Thaumatin-Like Protein But Not the One Previously Reported.

    PubMed

    Tang, Fang; Yang, Shengming; Liu, Jinge; Zhu, Hongyan

    2016-01-01

    Rj4 is a dominant gene in soybeans (Glycine max) that restricts nodulation by many strains of Bradyrhizobium elkanii. The soybean-B. elkanii symbiosis has a low nitrogen-fixation efficiency, but B. elkanii strains are highly competitive for nodulation; thus, cultivars harboring an Rj4 allele are considered favorable. Cloning the Rj4 gene is the first step in understanding the molecular basis of Rj4-mediated nodulation restriction and facilitates the development of molecular tools for genetic improvement of nitrogen fixation in soybeans. We finely mapped the Rj4 locus within a small genomic region on soybean chromosome 1, and validated one of the candidate genes as Rj4 using both complementation tests and CRISPR/Cas9-based gene knockout experiments. We demonstrated that Rj4 encodes a thaumatin-like protein, for which a corresponding allele is not present in the surveyed rj4 genotypes, including the reference genome Williams 82. Our conclusion disagrees with the previous report that Rj4 is the Glyma.01G165800 gene (previously annotated as Glyma01g37060). Instead, we provide convincing evidence that Rj4 is Glyma.01g165800-D, a duplicated and unique version of Glyma.01g165800, that has evolved the ability to control symbiotic specificity. PMID:26582727

  6. Almerio B. Franca Petrobras-E&P-BC, Av. Chile 65, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil

    E-print Network

    Maynard, J. Barry

    AUTHORS Alme´rio B. Franc¸a Petrobra´s-E&P-BC, Av. Chile 65, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil Alme´rio B. Franc¸a received his B.S. degree in geology from the Universidade de Brasi´lia, Brazil in 1974 and his of glacially influenced deposits in the Gondwana of the Parana´ basin, southern Brazil. He joined Petrobra

  7. Implementation and usage of the RJ program Data Acquisition System Ground Station

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Quart, Barry; Mitchell, Rick

    The Data Acquisition System Ground Station (DASGS), is a system developed by Loral Data Systems (Loral) for CANADAIR Aerospace Group. The system implements the latest technologies in telemetry front-end equipment, host computers, networking, and graphic workstations. The goal of the DASGS is to supply Canadair with a telemetry acquisition and processing system that can satisfy the Regional Jet (RJ) program requirements and provide future expandability to service their needs throughout the 1990's.

  8. Endophytic Bacillus subtilis strain E1R-J is a promising biocontrol agent for wheat powdery mildew.

    PubMed

    Gao, Xiaoning; Gong, Yufei; Huo, Yunxia; Han, Qingmei; Kang, Zhensheng; Huang, Lili

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the biocontrol efficacies of 14 endophytic bacterial strains were tested against Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) in pot experiments under greenhouse conditions. Bacillus subtilis strain E1R-j significantly reduced disease index and exhibited the best control (90.97%). When different formulations of E1R-j were sprayed 24?h before Bgt inoculation, fermentation liquid without bacterial cell and crude protein suspension displayed the similar effects; and they reduced disease index more than bacterial cell suspension (10(9)?cfu?mL(-1)) and fermentation liquid without protein. The control effects were not significantly different between 10(11) and 10(9)?cfu?mL(-1) of bacterial cell suspension but were higher than 10(7)?cfu?mL(-1). Further observations showed that conidial germination and appressorial formation of Bgt were retarded by spraying E1R-j 24?h before Bgt inoculation. Compared with the water check, conidial germination and appressorial formation were decreased by 43.3% and 42.7%, respectively. In the treatment with E1R-j, the number of houstoria significantly reduced and the speed of mycelial extension was slowed down in the wheat leaves. Scanning electron microscopy observation revealed that E1R-j significantly suppressed the conidial germination and caused rupture and deformation of germ tubes. On the surface of wheat leaves, mycelia and conidiophores became shrinking. PMID:25759819

  9. Endophytic Bacillus subtilis Strain E1R-J Is a Promising Biocontrol Agent for Wheat Powdery Mildew

    PubMed Central

    Gong, Yufei; Huo, Yunxia; Han, Qingmei; Kang, Zhensheng; Huang, Lili

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the biocontrol efficacies of 14 endophytic bacterial strains were tested against Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (Bgt) in pot experiments under greenhouse conditions. Bacillus subtilis strain E1R-j significantly reduced disease index and exhibited the best control (90.97%). When different formulations of E1R-j were sprayed 24?h before Bgt inoculation, fermentation liquid without bacterial cell and crude protein suspension displayed the similar effects; and they reduced disease index more than bacterial cell suspension (109?cfu?mL?1) and fermentation liquid without protein. The control effects were not significantly different between 1011 and 109?cfu?mL?1 of bacterial cell suspension but were higher than 107?cfu?mL?1. Further observations showed that conidial germination and appressorial formation of Bgt were retarded by spraying E1R-j 24?h before Bgt inoculation. Compared with the water check, conidial germination and appressorial formation were decreased by 43.3% and 42.7%, respectively. In the treatment with E1R-j, the number of houstoria significantly reduced and the speed of mycelial extension was slowed down in the wheat leaves. Scanning electron microscopy observation revealed that E1R-j significantly suppressed the conidial germination and caused rupture and deformation of germ tubes. On the surface of wheat leaves, mycelia and conidiophores became shrinking. PMID:25759819

  10. DYNAMICS AND FUNCTION OF THE TEAR FILM IN RELATION TO THE BLINK CYCLE RJ Braun, PE King-Smith, CG Begley, Longfei Li and NR Gewecke

    E-print Network

    our understanding of the fluid dynamics of the tear film and its potential impact on the ocularDYNAMICS AND FUNCTION OF THE TEAR FILM IN RELATION TO THE BLINK CYCLE By RJ Braun, PE King and Function of the Tear Film in Relation to the Blink Cycle RJ Braun,1,4,6 PE King-Smith,2 CG Begley,3 Longfei

  11. Interactions of 3D mantle flow and continental lithosphere near passive margins R.J. Farrington a,

    E-print Network

    Sandiford, Mike

    northward drift commenced (Tikku and Cande, 1999). The continental insulation mechanism has also beenInteractions of 3D mantle flow and continental lithosphere near passive margins R.J. Farrington a and thick continental lithosphere. The resultant flow in the upper mantle is driven by a combination

  12. C.D. Hewitt R.J. Stouffer A.J. Broccoli J.F.B. Mitchell Paul J. Valdes

    E-print Network

    Broccoli, Anthony J.

    C.D. Hewitt Æ R.J. Stouffer Æ A.J. Broccoli J.F.B. Mitchell Æ Paul J. Valdes The effect of ocean model of the oceanic mixed layer and a sea ice model (e.g. Manabe and Broccoli 1985; Hewitt and Mitchell.J. Stouffer Æ A.J. Broccoli NOAA/Geophysical

  13. 76 FR 39155 - R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-NC Railroad, Inc

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-05

    ...Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35363] R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC--Acquisition Exemption--NC Railroad, Inc R. J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC (RJC Railroad...of exemption in Docket No. FD 35364, R. J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown...

  14. Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C.D. (1987) Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions during neural segmentation in the chick embryo. In: Mesenchymal-epithelial interactions in neural

    E-print Network

    Stern, Claudio

    1987-01-01

    and M. Berry, eds.). Berlin: Springer Verlag. (NATO/ASI Series H NE5) pp. 309-322. #12;Keynes, R, eds.). Berlin: Springer Verlag. (NATO/ASI Series H NE5) pp. 309-322. #12;Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C: Springer Verlag. (NATO/ASI Series H NE5) pp. 309-322. #12;Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C.D. (1987) Mesenchymal

  15. Spatial-temporal analysis of marine debris on beaches of Niterói, RJ, Brazil: Itaipu and Itacoatiara.

    PubMed

    da Silva, Melanie Lopes; de Araújo, Fábio Vieira; Castro, Rebeca Oliveira; Sales, Alessandro Souza

    2015-03-15

    In many areas of the world, studies of marine debris are conducted with an emphasis on analyzing their composition, quantification and distribution on sandy beaches. However, in Brazil, studies are still restricted to some areas of the coast, and the quantities and the spatial and temporal patterns are unknown. To enhance the marine debris information in these areas, we selected the Itaipu and Itacoatiara beaches in Niterói, RJ, to collect, quantify and qualify the solid residues present in their sands. We collected 12 samples and recorded 118.39 kg of residues in Itaipu and 62.94 kg in Itacoatiara. At both beaches, the largest portion of debris was located on the upper part of the beach. Several debris items were related to food and drink consumption on the beaches, which indicated the contribution of beach users to pollution. Most of the debris was plastic. The greatest amount of debris was found at Itaipu in January and February and at Itacoatiara in January and March, months related to both the holiday season and abundant rainfall. The results demonstrated the necessity to implement an Environmental Education project for these areas to reduce its degradation. PMID:25627197

  16. Results of the radiological survey at 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004)

    SciTech Connect

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

  17. Results of the radiological survey at 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004)

    SciTech Connect

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally [sup 232]Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

  18. Results of the radiological survey at 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003)

    SciTech Connect

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

  19. Results of the radiological survey at 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003)

    SciTech Connect

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally [sup 232]Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

  20. 1 Concha, M.L. and Adams, R.J. (1998) Oriented cell divisions and cellular morphogenesis in the zebrafish gastrula and neurula: a time-

    E-print Network

    Morris, Quaid

    1998-01-01

    References 1 Concha, M.L. and Adams, R.J. (1998) Oriented cell divisions and cellular morphogenesis) Planar cell polarity signalling controls cell division orientation during zebrafish gastrulation. Nature 430, 689­693 3 Keller, R. et al. (2000) Mechanisms of convergence and extension by cell intercalation

  1. 77 FR 1667 - Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909, Rio De Janeiro, R.J., Brazil 20531-070, Respondent...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-01-11

    ... of Industry and Security Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909, Rio De Janeiro, R.J., Brazil 20531-070, Respondent; Order Relating to Nelson S. Galgoul The Bureau of Industry and Security, U.S..., the most recent being that of August 12, 2011 (76 FR 50,661 (Aug. 16, 2011)), has continued...

  2. The Cabo Frio (rj) Coastal Upwelling during the Mid-Holocene

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dragaud, I. C.; de Freitas Assad, L.; Landau, L.

    2013-05-01

    Upwelling zones and other high sedimentation rate regions are considered key areas for the comprehension of Quaternary climatic changes, but little is known about temporal fluctuations of productivity in the southwestern Atlantic continental margin. The Brazilian Southeast continental shelf, in the vicinity of Cabo Frio, is characterized by a strong cross-shelf sea surface temperature gradient, reflecting the influence of persistent upwelling of relatively cold waters, especially during the austral spring and summer. Cold water plumes through strong air-sea interactions affect sea-breeze circulation, modulating the climate of this area. Wind stress curl (Ekman pumping) generates ocean-surface divergence (convergence), forcing upward (downward) water movements. Cabo Frio's climate is also influenced by the upwelling process. In the present study atmospheric and oceanic variables, and the Ekman pumping were analyzed in the region of the Southwest Atlantic in order to study the influence of atmospheric and oceanic dynamics on the process of coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio (RJ) during the mid-Holocene (MH). For execution of the study 10 years of results from climatic experiments for the period of MH and pre-industrial (PI) were used. These experiments were performed by Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project Phase II (PMIP 2) using the coupled model Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3) from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). It were made seasonal means to the summer (December, January, February), fall (March, April, May), spring (June, July, August) and winter (September, October, November). The variables were analyzed from horizontal fields, vertical and zonal sections in the ocean, vertical time sections and timely analysis of Ekman pumpin, being set at different coordinates for the dynamic and thermodynamic variables due to different positioning in the numerical grid model. For the thermodynamic variables, the sections were fixed in parallel 23.3° S and timely analyzes were made for longitude -41.7° W and parallel 23.3° S. To the dynamic variables, the sections were fixed in parallel 23.5° S and timely analyzes were made for longitude 41.1° W and parallel 23.5° S. The coordinates used for the analysis consisted at the numerical grid point model, the closest point to the region of Cabo Frio. During the spring and summer the upwelling index, the vertical velocity of sea water and the depth of the upper limit of the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) were found to be most favorable to the occurrence of coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio, while during the fall and winter these parameters were found less favorable. These results suggest that during the MH, the coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio presented a seasonal pattern, being more intense on spring and summer and weaker on winter and autumn. There is the possibility of occurrence during the mid-Holocene of the processes of coastal upwelling most intense at Cabo Frio when compared to the PI period, during periods of spring and summer seasons. This fact can be explained by the lower depth of the upper limit of SACW and higher values of the Ekman pumping and the vertical velocity of sea water during this period.

  3. A Historical Review of R.?J. Reynolds’ Strategies for Marketing Tobacco to Hispanics in the United States

    PubMed Central

    Parascandola, Mark

    2013-01-01

    Hispanics are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the United States, and smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among this population. We analyzed tobacco industry documents on R.?J. Reynolds’ marketing strategies toward the Hispanic population using tobacco industry document archives from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu) between February–July 2011 and April–August 2012. Our analysis revealed that by 1980 the company had developed a sophisticated surveillance system to track the market behavior of Hispanic smokers and understand their psychographics, cultural values, and attitudes. This information was translated into targeted marketing campaigns for the Winston and Camel brands. Marketing targeted toward Hispanics appealed to values and sponsored activities that could be perceived as legitimating. Greater understanding of tobacco industry marketing strategies has substantial relevance for addressing tobacco-related health disparities. PMID:23488493

  4. 2006/3/13 IVIGIVIG --Instituto Virtual Internacional de MudanInstituto Virtual Internacional de Mudanas Globaisas Globais Centro de Tecnologia, Bloco I, Sala 129 CEP: 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro RJ

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    USINAVERDE POWER UPGRADE. PART 3 ADAPTATION OF NATURAL GAS BOILER TO BURN MSW. PART 4 COGENERATION AT FOOD-970 ­ Rio de Janeiro ­ RJ Telefax:(21) 2270-1586 ­ Site:www.Ivig.com.br BRESCIA WTE PLANTBRESCIA WTE PLANT

  5. Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.

    PubMed

    Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K

    2007-08-01

    The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

  6. !"1 lsl NtTs r)Ir rr;1jh r|gcli'rj to mist rrr.ts iS ,t:. ir-rll.,rrsl

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    !"1 lsl NtTs r)Ir rr;1jh r|gcli'rj to mist rrr.ts iS ,t:. ir-rll.,rrsl L The cr,i; :ourr,,: of nets,,ri,:i i,,': cf netr irei: ^ i'.:, ', i"r:1i:r. t,i r,cci's shou i rl nor:e thlL thrre i : ,rnr tr;.., I yeli sure r,ir:ther tiir .i .,.:on':r.:e h,t r; ur)ilcr'j: :Lt, trt mol.te a sir.. l.' shr, lf u

  7. Draft Genome Sequence of Corynebacterium striatum 1961 BR-RJ/09, a Multidrug-Susceptible Strain Isolated from the Urine of a Hospitalized 37-Year-Old Female Patient

    PubMed Central

    Guimarães, Luis C.; Santos, Carolina S.; Veras, Adonney A. O.; Carneiro, Adriana R.; Soares, Siomar C.; Ramos, Juliana N.; Souza, Cassius; Vieira, Veronica V.; Hirata, Raphael; Azevedo, Vasco; Pacheco, Luis G. C.; Silva, Artur

    2015-01-01

    Corynebacterium striatum commonly colonizes the normal skin and nasopharyngeal tract of humans; however, this potentially pathogenic bacterium has been identified as the causative agent of several nosocomial infections. The current study describes the draft genome of strain 1961 BR-RJ/09, isolated from the urine of a hospitalized patient from Brazil. PMID:26251495

  8. Draft Genome Sequence of Corynebacterium striatum 1961 BR-RJ/09, a Multidrug-Susceptible Strain Isolated from the Urine of a Hospitalized 37-Year-Old Female Patient.

    PubMed

    Mattos-Guaraldi, Ana L; Guimarães, Luis C; Santos, Carolina S; Veras, Adonney A O; Carneiro, Adriana R; Soares, Siomar C; Ramos, Juliana N; Souza, Cassius; Vieira, Veronica V; Hirata, Raphael; Azevedo, Vasco; Pacheco, Luis G C; Silva, Artur; Ramos, Rommel T J

    2015-01-01

    Corynebacterium striatum commonly colonizes the normal skin and nasopharyngeal tract of humans; however, this potentially pathogenic bacterium has been identified as the causative agent of several nosocomial infections. The current study describes the draft genome of strain 1961 BR-RJ/09, isolated from the urine of a hospitalized patient from Brazil. PMID:26251495

  9. In Usability Evaluation and Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and Virtual Reality, MJ Smith, G Salvendy, D Harris, & RJ Koubek (eds.), (Proc HCI International 2001, New Orleans, 5-10 August), NJ: Erlbaum, 604-608.

    E-print Network

    Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara G.

    In Usability Evaluation and Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and Virtual Reality, MJ Smith, G Salvendy, D Harris, & RJ Koubek (eds.), (Proc HCI International 2001, New Orleans, 5-10 August), NJ: Erlbaum, 604-608. Creating three dimensions in virtual auditory displays**** Barbara Shinn

  10. Review of structural health and cure monitoring techniques for large wind turbine P.J. Schubel*, R.J. Crossley, E.K.G. Boateng, J.R. Hutchinson

    E-print Network

    McCalley, James D.

    .J. Schubel*, R.J. Crossley, E.K.G. Boateng, J.R. Hutchinson University of Nottingham, Faculty of Engineering, acoustic, ultrasonic, thermal and fibre optic monitoring methods. This review highlights the need is currently limited to experimental prototypes such as the Enercon 4.5 MW, retro fitted with a fibre optic FBG

  11. “And they told two friends…and so on”: RJ Reynolds’ viral marketing of Eclipse and its potential to mislead the public

    PubMed Central

    Anderson, S J; Ling, P M

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore viral marketing strategies for Eclipse cigarettes used by the RJ Reynolds Company (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA). Methods Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents and multimedia materials. Results The failure of RJ Reynolds’ (RJR) 1988 “smokeless” cigarette, Premier, was in part due to widespread bad word of mouth about the product’s flavour, quality and difficulty of use. In 1994 RJR introduced an updated version of Premier, the ostensibly “reduced risk” Eclipse cigarette. RJR developed viral marketing channels to promote Eclipse using (1) exploratory interviews to motivate consumers to spread the word about Eclipse prior to market release, (2) promotional videos featuring positive feedback from test group participants to portray majority consensus among triers, (3) “Tupperware”-like parties for Eclipse where participants received samples to pass around in their social circles and (4) the Eclipse website’s bulletin board as a forum for potential users to discuss the brand in their own words. These strategies targeted the brand’s likeliest adopters, recruited informal and credible representatives of the product unaffiliated with RJR, and controlled the information spread about the product. Conclusions Viral marketing techniques may be particularly useful to promote new tobacco products such as Eclipse that have limited appeal and need a highly motivated audience of early adopters and acceptors. Such techniques help evade the mass rejection that could follow mass promotion, circumvent marketing restrictions, and allow tobacco companies to benefit from health claims made by consumers. Cigarette manufacturers must be held accountable for perceived health benefits encouraged by all promotional activities including viral marketing. PMID:18332064

  12. Submitted on February 16, 2007. Accepted on May 8, 2007. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CCS, IB, Departamento de Zoologia. Ilha do Fundo, 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.

    E-print Network

    Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

    Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, v.65, n.3, p.357-362, jul./set.2007 ISSN 0365-4508 AMPHINOMIDAE (ANNELIDA. Key words: Amphinomidae. Eurythoe. Hermodice. Linopherus. Rocas Atoll. RESUMO: Amphinomidae (Annelida

  13. Paulo Cesar de Paiva1 1. Departamento de Zoologia Instituto de Biologia. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro CCS -Bloco A -Ilha do Fundo CEP 21940-590 -Rio de Janeiro -RJ -Brasil

    E-print Network

    Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

    . Capítulo 7 Filo Annelida Classe Polychaeta PAIVA, P.C. 2006. Capítulo 7. Filo Annelida. Classe Polychaeta, biogeography. #12;263CAPÍTULO 7 ­ FILO ANNELIDA. CLASSE POLYCHAETA 7.1. Introdução 7.1.1. Caracterização e importância Os Annelida Polychaeta são um dos grupos de inver- tebrados mais abundantes e diversos em

  14. coleo explorando o ensino o brasil e o meio ambiente antrtico

    E-print Network

    coleção explorando o ensino 10 volume o brasil e o meio ambiente antártico #12;#12;coleção explorando o ensino volume 10 ensino fundamental e ensino médio o brasil e o meio ambiente antártico #12 Dados Internacionais de Catalogação na Publicação (CIP) O Brasil e o meio ambiente antártico : ensino

  15. Clarke, P.J., Collins, R.J., Hiskett, P.A., Garca-Martnez, M.-J., Krichel, N.J., McCarthy, A., Tanner, M.G., O'Connor, J.A., Natarajan, C.M., Miki,

    E-print Network

    Clarke, P.J., Collins, R.J., Hiskett, P.A., García-Martínez, M.-J., Krichel, N.J., McCarthy, A in a gigahertz clock rate quantum key distribution system Patrick J Clarke1 , Robert J Collins1 , Philip A Hiskett1,5 , María-José García-Martínez1,6 , Nils J Krichel1 , Aongus McCarthy1 , Michael G Tanner1 , John

  16. Respostas religiosas à aids no Brasil: impressões de pesquisa1

    PubMed Central

    Seffner, Fernando; da Silva, Cristiane Gonçalves Meireles; Maksud, Ívia; Garcia, Jonathan; Rios, Luís Felipe; Natividade, Marcelo; Borges, Priscila Rodrigues; Parker, Richard; Terto, Veriano

    2009-01-01

    Resumo O texto encontra-se estruturado em quatro partes. Na primeira delas, apresentamos um conjunto de considerações e informações acerca da situação da aids no Brasil, das relações entre religião, sexualidade, aids e estado laico, bem como uma descrição mais clara do Projeto Respostas Religiosas ao HIV/Aids no Brasil, do qual este texto apresenta algumas impressões de pesquisa preliminares. A seguir, dedicamos um item a apresentação da Pastoral de DST/Aids, sua história, estrutura e objetivos. No item seguinte problematizamos diversas questões em particular no âmbito das relações Estado e Igreja, relações entre agentes de pastoral e hierarquia da Igreja, e questões ligadas mais diretamente à sexualidade e aids, todas referenciadas ao trabalho da Pastoral de DST/Aids. Ao final, apresentamos a bibliografia e fontes consultadas. PMID:20428503

  17. Publication Mani, RJ, Metcalf, JA, Clinkenbeard,

    E-print Network

    . Starkey is the Bayer Resident in Veterinary Parasitology in the National Center for Veterinary and the veterinary student who worked on this project. Congratulations, Dr. Starkey! Lindsay Starkey, DVM ('11), Ph NIH National Veterinary Scholars Symposium. Starkey's abstract was selected from 47 submissions

  18. Cohort Profile: Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

    PubMed Central

    Schmidt, Maria Inês; Duncan, Bruce B; Mill, José Geraldo; Lotufo, Paulo A; Chor, Dóra; Barreto, Sandhi Maria; Aquino, Estela ML; Passos, Valéria Maria Azeredo; Matos, Sheila MA; Molina, Maria del Carmen B; Carvalho, Marilia S; Bensenor, Isabela M

    2015-01-01

    Chronic diseases are a global problem, yet information on their determinants is generally scant in low- and middle-income countries. The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) aims to contribute relevant information regarding the development and progression of clinical and subclinical chronic diseases, particularly cardiovascular diseases and diabetes, in one such setting. At Visit 1, we enrolled 15 105 civil servants from predefined universities or research institutes. Baseline assessment (2008–10) included detailed interviews and measurements to assess social and biological determinants of health, as well as various clinical and subclinical conditions related to diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and mental health. A second visit of interviews and examinations is under way (2012–14) to enrich the assessment of cohort exposures and to detect initial incident events. Annual surveillance has been conducted since 2009 for the ascertainment of incident events. Biological samples (sera, plasma, urine and DNA) obtained at both visits have been placed in long-term storage. Baseline data are available for analyses, and collaboration via specific research proposals directed to study investigators is welcome. PMID:24585730

  19. Laboratorio VISGRAF Instituto de Matematica Pura e Aplicada

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    Castorina, 110, Jardim Bot^anico, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil 22460-320 Tel.: +55 21 2529 5000 Fax.: +55 21 of the art of Discrete Geodesic computation and present a simple description of the algorithm given by [18

  20. 1Neotrop Entomol 40(1): 1-13 2011 Sociedade Entomolgica do Brasil Neotropical Entomology

    E-print Network

    Wahlberg, Niklas

    3 , N W 4 , SI U 1 1 Grupo de Inves gación en Sistemá ca Molecular, Univ Nacional de Colombia Biologia Animal e Museu de Zoologia, Ins tuto de Biologia, Univ Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, SP, Brasil, Neotropics, rapid radia on, Satyrini Correspondence M A M , Grupo de Inves gación en Sistemática Molecular

  1. Guia do calouro 2 2014 B823u Brasil. Universidade de Braslia

    E-print Network

    Zalesskii, Pavel

    Marques de Toledo Camargo Reitor Profa. Sônia Nair Báo Vice-reitora Prof. Mauro Luiz Rabelo Decano deGuia do calouro 2º 2014 #12;B823u Brasil. Universidade de Brasília A UnB que você vê. Guia do : Editora UnB, 2014. 125 p. ; 21 cm. 1. Normas UnB. 2. Manual do calouro. I. Título CDU: 061.27 (035) (81

  2. Explicación de las disparidades raciales en la salud neonatal en Brasil*

    PubMed Central

    Nyarko, Kwame A.; López-Camelo, Jorge; Castilla, Eduardo E.; Wehby, George L.

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos. Buscamos cuantificar la manera en que los efectos socioeconómicos, demográficos, geográficos y de atención de salud explican las disparidades raciales en las tasas de bajo peso al nacer y prematuridad en Brasil. Métodos. Utilizamos una muestra de 8?949 niños nacidos entre 1995 y el 2009 en 15 ciudades y 7 provincias de Brasil. Nos centramos en las disparidades en la prevalencia de bajo peso al nacer (< 2?500 g) y prematuridad (< 37 semanas de gestación) en recién nacidos de ascendencia solo africana o mezclada con otras ascendencias y de ascendencia solo europea. Usamos un modelo de descomposición para cuantificar la contribución de los factores conceptualmente pertinentes a esas disparidades. Resultados. El modelo permitió explicar entre 45% y 94% de las disparidades en cuanto al bajo peso al nacer y entre 64% y 94% de las disparidades en cuanto a la prematuridad entre los grupos de ascendencia africana y de ascendencia europea. Las diferencias en el uso de atención prenatal y en la ubicación geográfica fueron los factores más importantes, seguidos por las diferencias socioeconómicas. El modelo permitió explicar la mayoría de las disparidades en los recién nacidos de ascendencia africana mezclada y parte de las disparidades en los de ascendencia solo africana. Conclusiones. En las políticas públicas para mejorar la salud infantil se deben abordar las diferencias en cuanto a la atención prenatal y la ubicación geográfica a fin de reducir las disparidades en materia de salud entre los recién nacidos de ascendencia africana y los de ascendencia europea en Brasil.

  3. LAJAM 8(1-2): 25-29, December 2010 e-ISSN 2236-1057 / ISSN 1676-7497 Laboratrio de Biodiversidade Molecular, Dept. de Gentica, Inst. Biologia, Ilha do Fundo, Sl. A2-098, Universidade Federal do Rio

    E-print Network

    Solé-Cava, Antonio M.

    Biodiversidade Molecular, Dept. de Genética, Inst. Biologia, Ilha do Fundão, Sl. A2-098, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, RJ Brasil 2 Laboratorio de Ecología Molecular de Vertebrados Acuáticos Industrial, Manaus, AM, 69075-830 Brasil *Corresponding author, e-mail: sole@biologia.ufrj.br 8 CUNHA, H

  4. Tendências De Teses e Dissertações Sobre Educação em Astronomia No Brasil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bretones, Paulo Sergio; Megid Neto, Jorge

    2005-07-01

    Apresentam-se os resultados de uma pesquisa do tipo estado da arte sobre teses e dissertações defendidas no Brasil e relativas ao ensino de Astronomia, com objetivo de identificar essa produção e conhecer as principais tendências da pesquisa nesse campo. Foram localizadas 13 dissertações de mestrado e 3 teses de doutorado, as quais foram estudadas em função dos seguintes aspectos: isntituição, ano de defesa, nível escolar abrangido no estudo, foco temático do estudo e gênero de trabalho acadêmico. Pretende-se assim colaborar com a divulgação ampla da produção acadêmica na área. Ao mesmo tempo o estudo possibilita, a partir de investigações decorrentes, apontar as contribuições dessa produção para o ensino e sinalizar com necessidades a serem supridas por futuras pesquisas.

  5. [Science, aesthetics and race: images and texts inO Brasil Médico, 1928-1945].

    PubMed

    Silva, Eliana Gesteira da; Fonseca, Alexandre Brasil

    2013-11-30

    This study addresses the formation of discourse about race and eugenics in texts and images published in O Brasil Médico, between 1928 and 1945. The documental analysis inspired on Foucault's theoretical and methodological perspectives, especially the concept of biopolitics, encountered references to the problems of eugenics amongst the Brazilian population, as well as a set of illustrations, mostly photographs of black people's bodies. A contradiction was identified, where a universalistic discourse about race was expressed at the same time that discourses about eugenics and biotypes revealed concerns about the degeneration of the formation of the Brazilian race. These discourses describe a Brazilian race with an idealized standard of physical and moral normality to serve as a model for the development and modernization of the nation. PMID:24346202

  6. Tendências de teses e dissertações sobre ensino de astronomia no Brasil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bretones, P. S.; Megid Neto, J.

    2003-08-01

    Neste trabalho são apresentados os resultados de uma pesquisa do tipo estado da arte sobre teses e dissertações defendidas no Brasil e relativas ao ensino de Astronomia. Teve por objetivo identificar essa produção e conhecer as principais tendências da pesquisa nesse campo. O procedimento inicial consistiu de um levantamento bibliográfico junto ao Centro de Documentação em Ensino de Ciências (CEDOC) da Faculdade de Educação da UNICAMP e ao Banco de Teses da CAPES disponível na Internet. Foram localizadas 13 dissertações de mestrado e 3 teses de doutorado, as quais foram estudadas em função dos seguintes aspectos: instituição, ano de defesa, nível escolar abrangido no estudo, foco temático do estudo e gênero de trabalho acadêmico. Deste conjunto de pesquisas, 13 (81,3%) delas foram defendidas a partir da segunda metade dos anos 90, indicando uma preocupação mais recente com temas relativos ao ensino de Astronomia no conjunto da produção acadêmica em programas de pós-graduação no Brasil. Verificou-se que 43,7% dos trabalhos foram produzidas na USP e 18,8% na UNICAMP. Quanto ao nível escolar abrangido nos estudos, predominaram os estudos direcionados ao Ensino Fundamental de 5a a 8a séries (62,5%). No que diz respeito ao foco temático das pesquisas, as principais tendências voltaram-se: 56,3% para Conteúdo e Método; 43,8% para Concepções do Professor; 37,5% para Currículo e Programas; 37,5% para Recursos Didáticos. Quanto ao gênero de trabalho acadêmico, verificou-se que 43,8% são de Pesquisa Experimental e 31,3% de Pesquisa de Análise de Conteúdo. Estudos de revisão bibliográfica como este visam colaborar com a divulgação ampla da produção acadêmica em determinada área, traçando algumas de suas tendências. Ao mesmo tempo possibilita, a partir de investigações decorrentes, apontar as suas contribuições para o ensino e sinalizar com necessidades a serem supridas por futuras pesquisas.

  7. Respostas religiosas à aids no Brasil: impressões de pesquisa acerca da Pastoral de DST/Aids da Igreja Católica1

    PubMed Central

    Seffner, Fernando; Silva, Cristiane Gonçalves Meireles da; Maksud, Ívia; Garcia, Jonathan; Rios, Luís Felipe; Natividade, Marcelo; Borges, Priscila Rodrigues; Parker, Richard; Terto, Veriano

    2009-01-01

    O texto encontra-se estruturado em quatro partes. Na primeira delas, apresentamos um conjunto de considerações e informações acerca da situação da aids no Brasil, das relações entre religião, sexualidade, aids e estado laico, bem como uma descrição mais clara do Projeto Respostas Religiosas ao HIV/Aids no Brasil, do qual este texto apresenta algumas impressões de pesquisa preliminares. A seguir, dedicamos um item a apresentação da Pastoral de DST/Aids, sua história, estrutura e objetivos. No item seguinte problematizamos diversas questões em particular no âmbito das relações Estado e Igreja, relações entre agentes de pastoral e hierarquia da Igreja, e questões ligadas mais diretamente à sexualidade e aids, todas referenciadas ao trabalho da Pastoral de DST/Aids. Ao final, apresentamos a bibliografia e fontes consultadas. PMID:20442806

  8. B823u Brasil. Universidade de Braslia A UnB que voc v. Guia do calouro

    E-print Network

    Maier, Rudolf Richard

    #12;Prof. Ivan Marques de Toledo Camargo Reitor Profa. Sônia Nair Báo Vice-reitora Prof. Mauro Luiz1 1º/2015 GUIA CALOURO DO #12;B823u Brasil. Universidade de Brasília A UnB que você vê. Guia do. ­ Brasília: Editora UnB, 2014. 125 p. ; 21 cm. ISBN 978-85-230-1334-9 1. Normas UnB. 2. Manual do calouro. I

  9. FDA Bans Sale of New R.J. Reynolds Cigarettes

    MedlinePLUS

    ... different from existing Reynolds tobacco products on the market and need a full agency review before they ... four brands of cigarettes were put on the market during a "grace period" granted under the 2009 ...

  10. ISSN 0103-9741 Monografias em Cincia da Computao

    E-print Network

    Barbosa, Alberto

    in more remote locations, ultra-deep water reservoirs or in hostile environments. A bottom-line business-900 Rio de Janeiro RJ Brasil Tel. +55 21 3527-1516 Fax: +55 21 3527-1530 E-mail: bib-di@inf.puc-rio.br Web

  11. Crack Nucleation Sensitivity Analysis N. Van Goethem,a

    E-print Network

    Lisbon, University of

    Crack Nucleation Sensitivity Analysis N. Van Goethem,a , A.A. Novotnyb aCentro de Matem´atica e´ulio Vargas 333, 25651-075 Petr´opolis - RJ, Brasil Abstract A simple analytical expression for crack-type surface energy of an elastic cracked body is calculated. As the main results we derive a crack nucleation

  12. Body Image and Nutritional Status Are Associated with Physical Activity in Men and Women: The ELSA-Brasil Study

    PubMed Central

    Coelho, Carolina G.; Giatti, Luana; Molina, Maria D. C. B.; Nunes, Maria A. A.; Barreto, Sandhi M.

    2015-01-01

    The association of body image dissatisfaction and obesity with physical activity is likely to differ according to gender. To investigate this hypothesis, we conducted a cross-sectional study among the ELSA-Brasil cohort members aged 34–65 years (n = 13,286). The body image dissatisfaction was present even among normal weight individuals of both sexes and was associated with lesser chances of practicing moderate physical activity in women and intense physical activity in men. Men and women with central obesity were less prone to practice physical activity of high or moderate intensity. Overweight and obese men were more likely to report vigorous physical activity while obese women were less likely to report this level of physical activity. Body images as well as nutritional status are related to physical activity in both sexes, but the association with physical activity differs by gender. PMID:26035664

  13. DEZ ANOS DE EXPERIÊNCIA DO COMITÊ DE ÉTICA EM PESQUISA DA SECRETARIA DE SAÚDE DO DISTRITO FEDERAL, BRASIL

    PubMed Central

    Novaes, Maria Rita C. G.; Guilhem, Dirce; Lolas, Fernando

    2009-01-01

    O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a experiência do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Secretaria de Estado de Saúde do Distrito Federal (CEP/SES/DF) Brasil, durante o período de 10 anos a partir de sua fundação. Trata-se de uma avaliação descritiva e documental, na modalidade estudo de caso, utilizando-se a totalidade de projetos protocolados no CEP/SES/DF (N° 052/08) nesse período. As pendências mais freqüentes dos projetos foram: termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido (30%), folha de rosto (25%), metodologia (20%), curriculum vitae (12%), planilha de orçamento (9%), outros (4%). O relato das atividades do CEP/SES/DF no período de 10 anos revelou, através de sua produtividade, a legitimidade do processo de análise ética dos protocolos visando à proteção dos participantes da pesquisa. PMID:19888441

  14. MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF AMERICAN CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN THE TRI?BORDER AREA OF ASSIS BRASIL, ACRE STATE, BRAZIL

    PubMed Central

    TELES, Carolina Bioni Garcia; MEDEIROS, Jansen Fernandes; dos SANTOS, Ana Paula de Azevedo; de FREITAS, Luís Antônio Rodrigues; KATSURAGAWA, Tony Hiroshi; CANTANHÊDE, Lilian Motta; FERREIRA, Ricardo de Godoi Mattos; CAMARG, Luís Marcelo Aranha

    2015-01-01

    SUMMARY In this study, Leishmaniaspecies were identified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The epidemiology of patients suspected of having American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the municipality of Assis Brasil, Acre State, located in the Brazil/Peru/Bolivia triborder was also investigated. By PCR, the DNA of Leishmaniawas detected in 100% of the cases (37 samples) and a PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) of the hsp 70gene identified the species in 32 samples: Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis (65.6%) , L. (V.) shawi (28.1%) , L. (V.) guyanensis (3.1%) and mixed infection L. (V.) guyanensis and L. (Leishmania) amazonensis (3.1%)This is the first report of L. (V.) shawiand L. (L.) amazonensis in Acre. The two predominant species were found in patients living in urban and rural areas. Most cases were found in males living in rural areas for at least three years and involved in rural work. This suggests, in most cases, a possible transmission of the disease from a rural/forest source, although some patients had not engaged in activities associated with permanence in forestall areas, which indicate a possible sandflies adaptation to the periurban setting. PMID:26422160

  15. MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF AMERICAN CUTANEOUS LEISHMANIASIS IN THE TRI?BORDER AREA OF ASSIS BRASIL, ACRE STATE, BRAZIL.

    PubMed

    Teles, Carolina Bioni Garcia; Medeiros, Jansen Fernandes; dos Santos, Ana Paula de Azevedo; de Freitas, Luís Antônio Rodrigues; Katsuragawa, Tony Hiroshi; Cantanhêde, Lilian Motta; Ferreira, Ricardo de Godoi Mattos; Camarg, Luís Marcelo Aranha

    2015-01-01

    In this study, Leishmania species were identified by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR). The epidemiology of patients suspected of having American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in the municipality of Assis Brasil, Acre State, located in the Brazil/Peru/Bolivia tri-border was also investigated. By PCR, the DNA of Leishmania was detected in 100% of the cases (37 samples) and a PCR-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) of the hsp 70 gene identified the species in 32 samples: Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis (65.6%) , L. (V.) shawi (28.1%) , L. (V.) guyanensis (3.1%) and mixed infection L. (V.) guyanensis and L. (Leishmania) amazonensis(3.1%)This is the first report of L. (V.) shawi and L. (L.) amazonensis in Acre. The two predominant species were found in patients living in urban and rural areas. Most cases were found in males living in rural areas for at least three years and involved in rural work. This suggests, in most cases, a possible transmission of the disease from a rural/forest source, although some patients had not engaged in activities associated with permanence in forestall areas, which indicate a possible sandflies adaptation to the periurban setting. PMID:26422160

  16. RJ 10253 (A0208-026) August 21, 2002 Computer Science

    E-print Network

    Zhai, Shumin

    for non-keyboard input devices", research and testing of computer input system in recent years have. Furthermore, important properties can be hidden when TP is used as a single metric to input system evaluation, Evaluation/methodology, Graphical user interfaces, Input devices and strategies, Standardization, Theory

  17. Prince, RJ. 2012. HIV and the Moral Economy of Survival in an East African City.

    E-print Network

    Prince, Ruth J.

    2012-01-01

    , bread and potatoes. She or he is well aware that few people eat much other than ugali (the staple, made from refined maize) and sekumawiki (collard greens), and many find it difficult to make one substantial meal a day for their families. Counselors...

  18. Use of elephant grass for energy production in Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Daher, R F; Souza, L B; Gravina, G A; Machado, J C; Ramos, H C C; Silva, V Q R; Menezes, B R S; Schneider, L S A; Oliveira, M L F; Gottardo, R D

    2014-01-01

    Elephant grass is a tropical forage plant widely distributed throughout Brazil. It was first exclusively used in the livestock sector as cattle feed. The grass is characterized by its high productivity and photosynthetic capacity and is considered as an alternative source of renewable energy. Here, we estimated the general combining ability of the parents and specific combining ability of the hybrids based on morpho-agronomic biomass-quality traits. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with 3 replicates. The diallel was composed of 16 hybrids and 2 groups of genitors. In the diallel analysis of variance, we observed a significant difference among treatments. A significant difference was observed among genitors for dry matter production (DMP). For the general combining ability of group 1, the traits leaf blade width, DMP, height, percentage of neutral detergent fiber, percentage of hemicellulose, percentage of lignin, percentage of acid detergent fiber, and percentage of cellulose were significant. For the estimates of general combining ability of DMP, parents Porto Rico 534-B, Vruckwona, Taiwan A-146, and Mercker S. E. A. were 0.4748, 3.2819, 1.1659, and 0.4317. The parents of Mercker S. E. A. and Porto Rico 534-B produced the highest percentage of detergent fiber and percentage of lignin with values of 0.1482 and 0.0856. Thus, parents Vruckwona, Porto Rico 534-B, and Taiwan A-146 are promising for integration into breeding programs. The best hybrid combinations for DMP were 1 x 5, 1 x 8, 2 x 6, 3 x 7, and 4 x 5. PMID:25526210

  19. Preliminary statistical studies concerning the Campos RJ sugar cane area, using LANDSAT imagery and aerial photographs

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Parada, N. D. J. (principal investigator); Costa, S. R. X.; Paiao, L. B. F.; Mendonca, F. J.; Shimabukuro, Y. E.; Duarte, V.

    1983-01-01

    The two phase sampling technique was applied to estimate the area cultivated with sugar cane in an approximately 984 sq km pilot region of Campos. Correlation between existing aerial photography and LANDSAT data was used. The two phase sampling technique corresponded to 99.6% of the results obtained by aerial photography, taken as ground truth. This estimate has a standard deviation of 225 ha, which constitutes a coefficient of variation of 0.6%.

  20. Western Nanofabrication Facility Richard O. Oviasuyi, Ph.D. candidate, supervisor: Prof. R.J. Klassen

    E-print Network

    Lennard, William N.

    to nuclear power generating organizations worldwide. This necessitates the use of highly effective methods of Engineering, London, ON, Canada The safe operation of nuclear power plants is of paramount importance components located in a nuclear reactor core experience high levels of neutron irradiation which cause

  1. Outbreak of tinea capitis by Trichophyton tonsurans and Microsporum canis in Niterói, RJ, Brazil.

    PubMed

    Towersey, L; Hay, R J; Monteiro, M H; Lago, M B; Martins, E de C; Estrella, R R

    1992-01-01

    18 girls from an orphanage (Orfanato Santo Antônio) in Niterói presented tinea capitis due to Trichophyton tonsurans (15 cases-83.3%) and Microsporum canis (3 cases-26.7%). Comments are made about clinical, mycological and therapeutic aspects of this microepidemic. PMID:1342076

  2. PERMANENT GENETIC RESOURCES NOTE 871 Franken RJ, Hik DS (2004) Influence of habitat quality, patch size,

    E-print Network

    2004-01-01

    collaris). Journal of Animal Ecology, 73, 889­896. Hamilton MB, Pincus EL, Di Fiore A, Fleischer RC (1999 patterns. Journal of Animal Ecology, 76, 899­907. Park SDE (2001) Trypanotolerance in West African cattle of statistical tests. Evolution, 43, 223­225. Rousset F (2008) genepop'007: a complete re

  3. POPULATION OF FERAL CATS FELIS CATUS. R.J. van Aarde

    E-print Network

    Pretoria, University of

    , or trapped and then killed with Euthabarb (Goldfields Veterinary Medical Supplies) for humane euthanasia and may ap proach 20% of the human population in a given area (Todd 1977b). Density depen dent

  4. rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org Cite this article: Ganusov VV, De Boer RJ.

    E-print Network

    de Boer, Rob J.

    A mechanistic model for bromodeoxy- uridine dilution naturally explains labelling data of self-renewing T cell that can be provided in the drinking water. One is bromodeoxy- uridine (BrdU), which is an analogue

  5. rspb.royalsocietypublishing.org Cite this article: Hua F, Fletcher RJ Jr, Sieving

    E-print Network

    Sieving, Kathryn E.

    and empirical studies suggest that life-history and natural-history traits are linked to animals' sensitivity structure, birds, life-history traits, natural-history traits Author for correspondence: Fangyuan Hua e- erally considered predictable from species life-history and natural-history traits, but rigorous tests

  6. Chemistry 450 Final Exam Instructor: R.J. Le Roy 8 April 2006 Instructions

    E-print Network

    Le Roy, Robert J.

    meaning. · Beer's law · transition dipole function · vibrational satellite (in a rotational spectrum and Kc selection rules would be. 5. (a) Describe how a Birge-Sponer plot is used to determine the dissociation energy of a diatomic molecule (using sketches or plots for illustration), clearly identifying

  7. Print Unit, Hastings Building University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RJ

    E-print Network

    Sussex, University of

    £60.00 B/W printing ­ per side (including standard paper) 3p Card covers ­ each 5p Binding (plastic binding screw) 50p All prices shown are guide prices only ­ individual jobs may be subject to additional on 250gsm card Supplied with clear plastic pin badge holder 90x60mm 141021 #12;Print Unit, Hastings

  8. Results of the radiological survey at 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ005)

    SciTech Connect

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956.MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from thisthorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy(DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJO05), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

  9. Results of the radiological survey at 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ005)

    SciTech Connect

    Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

    1992-10-01

    Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956.MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from thisthorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy(DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally [sup 232]Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJO05), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

  10. Short snooze can do you good BY R.J. IGNELZI COPLEY NEWS

    E-print Network

    Mednick, Sara C.

    to be more alert and have more energy and stamina, a 15- to 20-minute power nap is all you need. Have and take a nap. The only thing you lose when you take a short snooze is inefficiency, a lax memory, dull wit and a little clumsiness. "Napping can make you more productive at work and home," says Sara

  11. Negative life events and migraine: a cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline data

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Stress is a typical migraine trigger. However, the impact of negative life events on migraine activity is poorly studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between negative life events and migraine using data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline assessment. Methods ELSA-Brasil is a multicenter cohort study conducted in six Brazilian cities. Baseline assessment included validated questionnaires for headache classification and the occurrence of five pre-specified negative life events (financial hardship, hospitalization other than for childbirth, death of a close relative, robbery and end of a love relationship), focusing on a 12-month period before evaluation. We built crude and adjusted logistic regression models to study the association between the occurrences of negative life events and migraine diagnosis and activity. Results We included 4,409 individuals with migraine and 4,457 participants without headache (reference). After adjustment for age, sex, race, income and educational level, we found that the occurrence of a negative life event (Odds ratio?=?1.31; 95% confidence interval?=?1.19 – 1.45) was associated with migraine. However, after stratifying with subgroup analyses, only financial hardship (Odds ratio?=?1.65; 95% confidence interval?=?1.47 – 1.87) and hospitalization (Odds ratio?=?1.47; 95% confidence interval?=?1.25 – 1.72) were independently associated with migraine. Further adjustment for a current major depression episode and report of religious activity did not significantly change the results. Considering migraine frequency as (a) less than once per month, (b) once per month to once per week, or (c) more than once per week, financial hardship and hospitalization remained significantly associated with migraine in all episode frequency strata, with higher odds ratios for higher frequencies in adjusted models. We also observed a significant association between the death of a close relative and the highest migraine frequency stratum (Odds ratio?=?1.38; 95% confidence interval?=?1.09 – 1.75) in full-adjusted model. Conclusions The occurrence of financial hardship and hospitalization had a direct and independent association with migraine diagnosis and frequency. The death of a close relative was also independently associated with the highest migraine frequency stratum. PMID:24993032

  12. ANÁLISE DA INSERÇÃO DOS TEMAS DE HUMANIDADES E ÉTICA, COM METODOLOGIA DE APRENDIZAGEM BASEADA EM PROBLEMAS, EM CURRICULO MÉDICO INTEGRADO EM ESCOLA PÚBLICA NO DISTRITO FEDERAL, BRASIL

    PubMed Central

    Novaes, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi; Novaes, Luiz Carlos Garcez; Guilhem, Dirce; Lolas, Fernando; Silveira, Carla; Guiotti, Murilo

    2009-01-01

    Objetivo Realizar uma análise da inserção da ética e humanidades no currículo do Curso de Medicina da Escola Superior em Ciências da Saúde - ESCS, escola pública do Distrito Federal, Brasil, de forma a contribuir com o processo de gestão curricular. Metodologia O Estudo é de coorte e documental. Foram pesquisados 37 termos relacionados à ética e 36 referentes à humanização nos objetivos educacionais e conteúdo dos módulos temáticos, habilidades e atitudes e interação ensino-serviço-comunidade, de 1a a 4a série e no programa do internato no currículo (ano 2006) e no projeto pedagógico do Curso de Medicina (2001). Resultados Maior inserção da humanização, ética e bioética na 1a e 2a série, quando comparado à inserção na 3a e 4a série e no internato, (IC95%-?=0,034, pvalue=0,007). Unidade de habilidades e atitudes: freqüência das 3 temáticas no currículo da 1a a 4a séries (IC95%-?=0,026, pvalue=0,013). Quando comparada a inserção entre o internato e as quatro primeiras séries, observa-se que nestas a inserção da temática humanização é superior (IC95%-?=0,042, pvalue=0,029). Conclusão O currículo desenvolvido no ano de 2006 na ESCS apresentou correlação com o projeto pedagógico do curso e contemplou a temática de forma abrangente, em todas as séries e internato. PMID:20396594

  13. [Self-rated oral health among Brazilian adults and older adults in Southeast Brazil: results from the SB-Brasil Project, 2003].

    PubMed

    Matos, Divane Leite; Lima-Costa, Maria Fernanda

    2006-08-01

    The aim of this study was to determine which characteristics (predisposing and enabling, oral health, perceived need for dental treatment, and behavior) are independently associated with self-rated oral health among adults and older adults in Southeast Brazil. The study was based on 3,240 participants in the SB-Brasil Project/ Southeast. The characteristics of those who rated their oral health as good/very good were compared to those who rated it as fair, poor, or very poor. The following characteristics were significantly and independently associated with better self-rated oral health among adults: monthly household income > US 60.00 dollars, no current perceived need for dental treatment, place of residence in cities with > 50,000 inhabitants, and visit to the dentist > 3 years previously. Among older adults the factors were: monthly household income > US 60.00 dollars, no current perceived need for dental treatment, and 1-19 permanent teeth. Our results confirm those observed in other countries, showing associations between self-rated oral health and predisposing and enabling factors, oral health, perceived need for dental treatment, and behavior. PMID:16832541

  14. Relations of Digital Vascular Function, Cardiovascular Risk Factors, and Arterial Stiffness: The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA?Brasil) Cohort Study

    PubMed Central

    Brant, Luisa C. C.; Hamburg, Naomi M.; Barreto, Sandhi M.; Benjamin, Emelia J.; Ribeiro, Antonio L. P.

    2014-01-01

    Background Vascular dysfunction is an early expression of atherosclerosis and predicts cardiovascular (CV) events. Peripheral arterial tonometry (PAT) evaluates basal pulse amplitude (BPA), endothelial function (PAT ratio), and wave reflection (PAT?AIx) in the digital microvessels. In Brazilian adults, we investigated the correlations of PAT responses to CV risk factors and to carotid?femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV), a measure of arterial stiffness. Methods and Results In a cross?sectional study, 1535 participants of the ELSA?Brasil cohort underwent PAT testing (52±9 years; 44% women). In multivariable analyses, more?impaired BPA and PAT ratios were associated with male sex, higher body mass index (BMI), and total cholesterol/high?density lipoprotein. Higher age and triglycerides were related to higher BPA, whereas lower systolic blood pressure, hypertension (HTN) treatment, and prevalent CV disease (CVD) were associated with lower PAT ratio. PAT?AIx correlated positively with female sex, advancing age, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, and smoking and inversely to heart rate, height, BMI, and prevalent CVD. Black race was associated with lower BPA, higher PAT ratio, and PAT?AIx. Microvessel vasodilator function was not associated with PWV. Higher PAT?AIx was modestly correlated to higher PWV and PAT ratio and inversely correlated to BPA. Conclusion Metabolic risk factors are related to impaired microvessel vasodilator function in Brazil. However, in contrast to studies from the United States, black race was not associated with an impaired microvessel vasodilator response, implying that vascular function may vary by race across populations. PAT?AIx relates to HTN, may be a valid measure of wave reflection, and provides distinct information from arterial stiffness. PMID:25510401

  15. Prevalence, Awareness, Treatment and Influence of Socioeconomic Variables on Control of High Blood Pressure: Results of the ELSA-Brasil Study

    PubMed Central

    Chor, Dóra; Pinho Ribeiro, Antonio Luiz; Sá Carvalho, Marilia; Duncan, Bruce Bartholow; Andrade Lotufo, Paulo; Araújo Nobre, Aline; de Aquino, Estela Mota Lima Leão; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Griep, Rosane Härter; Molina, Maria Del Carmen Bisi; Barreto, Sandhi Maria; Passos, Valéria Maria de Azeredo; Benseñor, Isabela Judith Martins; Matos, Sheila Maria Alvim; Mill, José Geraldo

    2015-01-01

    High blood pressure (HBP) is the leading risk factor for years of life lost in Brazil. Factors associated with HBP awareness, treatment and control need to be understood better. Our aim is to estimate prevalence, awareness, and types of anti-hypertensive treatment and to investigate the association of HBP control with social position. Data of 15,103 (54% female) civil servants in six Brazilian state capitals collected at the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline (2008-2010) were used to estimate prevalence and cross-sectional association of HBP control with education, per capita family income and self-reported race, using multiple logistic regression. Blood pressure was measured by the oscillometric method. 35.8% were classified as presenting HBP; 76.8% of these used anti-hypertensive medication. Women were more aware than men (84.8% v. 75.8%) and more often using medication (83.1% v. 70.7%). Adjusted HBP prevalence was, in ascending order, Whites (30.3%), Browns (38.2%) and Blacks (49.3%). The therapeutic schemes most used were angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, in isolation (12.4%) or combined with diuretics (13.3%). Among those in drug treatment, controlled blood pressure was more likely in the (postgraduate) higher education group than among participants with less than secondary school education (PR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.14–1.28), and among Asian (PR = 1.21; 95% CI: 1.12–1.32) and ‘Whites (PR = 1.19; 95% CI: 1.12–1.26) compared to Blacks. Socioeconomic and racial inequality—as measured by different indicators—are strongly associated with HBP control, beyond the expected influence of health services access. PMID:26102079

  16. Presentation of the Multimédia Game "Geolover" Concept, to Educational Enchancement of the Geolocical Heritage of the Following Regions: "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal (Portugal) and Açores (Portugal)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cabral, João; Gomes, Ana; Alfama, Vera; Oliveira, Sirlene; Pinharandas, Carlos; Fonseca, Pedro; Campos, José; Nobre, José

    2013-04-01

    "Geolover" - Presentation of the multimédia game concept, to educational enchancement of the geolocical heritage of the following regions: : "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal and Açores (Portugal). "Geolover" is a multitouch game, played by four players simultaneously, identified by 4 mascots and using as sceneries, the four regions landscapes, aimed to the young people with ages between 8 and 12 years old. The main objective is value the geological heritage of the Ilha do Fogo (Cabo Verde), Seridó in State of Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil) , Sabugal in Beira Alta province (Portugal) and Arquipélago dos Açores (Portuguese autonomous region). These regions have a great geological heritage like volcanology, plutonic rocks, sedimentar formations, metamorphic, paleontologic, mineralogic, geomorphologic, hydric and mining resources. Such heritage is being used in the different regions has base of studies to senior scientists and were used to great scientific researches. The diversified and distinguished cultural heritage of these four regions is referenced and it's a value to the union of the students from these three continents, with the Portuguese language as communication tool. The variety of the geological wealth and cultural of these regions, results in the common objective of their valuing like Geoparks. His creation on these three regions is a strategy with a great relevance to the socio-economic development. With the creation of this game, we promote the union of these 3 countries from these three continents, the universal values of the heritage richness that are offered by our planet.

  17. Coffee Consumption, Newly Diagnosed Diabetes, and Other Alterations in Glucose Homeostasis: A Cross-Sectional Analysis of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

    PubMed Central

    Yarmolinsky, James; Mueller, Noel T.; Duncan, Bruce B.; Bisi Molina, Maria del Carmen; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Schmidt, Maria Inês

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Observational studies have reported fairly consistent inverse associations between coffee consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes, but this association has been little investigated with regard to lesser degrees of hyperglycemia and other alterations in glucose homeostasis. Additionally, the association between coffee consumption and diabetes has been rarely investigated in South American populations. We examined the cross-sectional relationships of coffee intake with newly diagnosed diabetes and measures of glucose homeostasis, insulin sensitivity, and insulin secretion, in a large Brazilian cohort of middle-aged and elderly individuals. Methods We used baseline data from 12,586 participants of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Logistic regression analyses were performed to examine associations between coffee consumption and newly diagnosed diabetes. Analysis of covariance was used to assess coffee intake in relation to two-hour glucose from an oral glucose tolerance test, fasting glucose, glycated hemoglobin, fasting and –2-hour postload insulin and measures of insulin sensitivity. Results We found an inverse association between coffee consumption and newly diagnosed diabetes, after adjusting for multiple covariates [23% and 26% lower odds of diabetes for those consuming coffee 2–3 and >3 times per day, respectively, compared to those reporting never or almost never consuming coffee, (p = .02)]. An inverse association was also found for 2-hour postload glucose [Never/almost never: 7.57 mmol/L, ?1 time/day: 7.48 mmol/L, 2-3 times/day: 7.22 mmol/L, >3 times/day: 7.12 mol/L, p<0.0001] but not with fasting glucose concentrations (p = 0.07). Coffee was additionally associated with 2-hour postload insulin [Never/almost never: 287.2 pmol/L, ?1 time/day: 280.1 pmol/L, 2–3 times/day: 275.3 pmol/L, >3 times/day: 262.2 pmol/L, p = 0.0005) but not with fasting insulin concentrations (p = .58). Conclusion Our present study provides further evidence of a protective effect of coffee on risk of adult-onset diabetes. This effect appears to act primarily, if not exclusively, through postprandial, as opposed to fasting, glucose homeostasis. PMID:25978631

  18. THE DUTCH OPEN TELESCOPE R.J. RUTTEN, R.H. HAMMERSCHLAG AND F.M. BETTONVIL

    E-print Network

    Rutten, Rob

    is achieved in four steps with freely floating self-aligning gear wheels. The support tower is 15 m high. Its, pointing to the Northern horizon from the lower part of the hour angle wheel so that it fits below

  19. 75 FR 27959 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ... 12866; 2. Is not a ``significant rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034... have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling pulleys in the aileron interconnect circuit in the cabin roof area. Interference between the cable and the insulation bag causes...

  20. 75 FR 49377 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ...We are adopting a new airworthiness directive (AD) for the products listed above. This AD results from mandatory continuing airworthiness information (MCAI) originated by an aviation authority of another country to identify and correct an unsafe condition on an aviation product. The MCAI describes the unsafe condition...

  1. 75 FR 63045 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ... July 1, 2010 (75 FR 38058). That NPRM proposed to correct an unsafe condition for the specified... Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant... subsequently been found on aircraft post modification HCM01447A. Inspections of the post-mod HCM01447A...

  2. 75 FR 1560 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ... rule'' under the DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will... related to the subject addressed by this AD), corrosion was found on the wing fixed leading edge structure... not have detected the corrosion or fatigue damage. Corrosion or fatigue damage in this area, if...

  3. 76 FR 31459 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-01

    ...requiring repetitive Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) crack inspections on the upper end of...AD 2009-0043-E to require repetitive NDT inspections of each affected NLG unit and...threshold and interval of the repetitive NDT inspections and required repetitive...

  4. 76 FR 6575 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-02-07

    ...requiring repetitive Non-Destructive Testing (NDT) crack inspections on the upper end of...AD 2009-0043-E to require repetitive NDT inspections of each affected NLG unit and...threshold and interval of the repetitive NDT inspections and required repetitive...

  5. 75 FR 38953 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-07

    ...227-1149. Before using any approved AMOC on any airplane to which the AMOC applies, notify your principal maintenance inspector (PMI) or principal avionics inspector (PAI), as appropriate, or lacking a principal inspector, your local Flight Standards...

  6. 75 FR 27419 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-17

    ...227-1149. Before using any approved AMOC on any airplane to which the AMOC applies, notify your principal maintenance inspector (PMI) or principal avionics inspector (PAI), as appropriate, or lacking a principal inspector, your local Flight Standards...

  7. 42. Vonsattel JP, Myers RH, Stevens TJ, Ferrante RJ, Bird ED, Richardson EP Jr. Neuropathological classification of Hun-

    E-print Network

    Fischl, Bruce

    factors for the treatment of Huntington's disease: is neuroprotection possible? Exp Neurol 1999;159:4­20. CME Regional and progressive thinning of the cortical ribbon in Huntington's disease H.D. Rosas, MD; A, PhD; B.G. Jenkins, PhD; A.M. Dale, PhD; and B. Fischl, PhD Abstract--Background: Huntington's disease

  8. Book Chapter in Strategies for Cartilage Repair, Ed. RJ Williams, Pub. Humana Press CARTILAGE REPAIR WITH CHITOSAN/GLYCEROL-PHOSPHATE

    E-print Network

    Buschmann, Michael

    repair has been developed and investigated in animal studies and in a clinical cohort. The biomaterial-induced exudation of fluid from the highly hydrated extracellular matrix (62) in addition to molecular lubrication

  9. Retail promotions and perceptions of R.J. Reynolds' novel dissolvable tobacco in a US test market

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background With declining cigarette sales, tobacco manufacturers have been developing and marketing new smokeless products, such as R. J. Reynolds' dissolvable tobacco, Camel Sticks, Strips and Orbs. This study assessed the availability, price and point-of-purchase promotional strategies for Camel Dissolvables, and investigated consumer awareness, interest and perception of these products in the Indiana test market. Methods An exploratory retail audit of point-of-purchase promotions was conducted in a random sample of retailers from 6 store categories (n = 81) in the test market area. Data included: store type, location, product placement, forms/flavors carried, price, types and locations of advertisements and promotions, and ad messages. An Awareness-Attitude-Usage (AAU) survey was used to gauge consumer awareness and knowledge of tobacco products including Camel Dissolvables. Respondents were shown promotional materials from a package onsert and perceptions and interest in the Camel Dissolvables were assessed. An Intended Target Survey (ITS) compared subjects' perceptions of ad targets for several non-tobacco products, as well as Camel Snus, Camel No. 9 and Camel Dissolvables. Respondents were asked to identify each ad's intended target category, perceived targetedness, and purchase intent. Results The products were carried by 46% of stores, most frequently gas stations (100%) and convenience stores (75%). They were shelved near smokeless tobacco (70%), cigarettes (25%) or candy (5%). Prices ranged from $3.59 -$4.19 per package; most stores carried at least 1 promotional item. Ad messages included: "Dissolvable Tobacco" (60%). "Free Trial" (24%), "Special Price" (24%), "What's Your Style?" (22%). At 14% of stores, free trial packs of Camel Dissolvables were offered with another Camel purchase. Awareness was reported by 42% of respondents (n = 243), and trial by 3%. Consumer interest was very low, but younger respondents (< 40 years) were more familiar with Camel Dissolvables (60% vs. 45% for those > 40 years, p < .01). Males, as well as current and former smokers had higher rates of interest and trial; only 1% of never smokers reported trial. In the ITS, only for the 3 tobacco product ads, was perceived targetedness for smokers significantly higher than for non-smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers perceived that the ads targeted smokers. Conclusions Current retail promotional strategies for Camel Sticks, Strips & Orbs appear to be targeting a select audience, primarily current smokers. Overall, consumer awareness, interest and trial were low. PMID:21569637

  10. Mobbs, D., Petrovic, P., Marchant, J.L., Hassabis, D., Weiskopf, N., Seymour, B., Dolan, R.J., and

    E-print Network

    Reber, Paul J.

    -Israel, 2009). Sleep quality is also altered in many pathological conditions, including primary sleep disorders (e.g., sleep apnea) and many psychiatric disorders (e.g., depression). Even in individuals., and Nakanishi, S. (2013). Neuron 78, this issue, 537­544. Reinforcing Rhythms in the Sleeping Brain

  11. 75 FR 27959 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-05-19

    ...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling pulleys...Interference between the cable and the insulation bag causes the material to be drawn...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling...

  12. 75 FR 53855 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-09-02

    ...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling pulleys...Interference between the cable and the insulation bag causes the material to be drawn...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling...

  13. , 20140831, published 9 July 20142812014Proc. R. Soc. B R.-J. Spencer and F. J. Janzen

    E-print Network

    Janzen, Fredric

    .0831 Received: 7 April 2014 Accepted: 10 June 2014 Subject Areas: evolution, physiology Keywords: turtle environmental sex determination in a turtle A novel hypothesis for the adaptive maintenance of Supplementary)physiology (1819 articles)evolution Articles on similar topics can be found in the following collections Email

  14. 76 FR 36398 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-06-22

    ...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. Investigation...exposed material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...

  15. 76 FR 59011 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-23

    ...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. Investigation...exposed material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...

  16. 75 FR 38058 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ... Procedures (44 FR 11034, February 26, 1979); and 3. Will not have a significant economic impact, positive or... fuel leaks and loose or broken bolts. Modification HCM01447A introduced tension bolts in the attachment... Doing either an ultrasonic inspection for damaged bolts or torque check of the tension bolts....

  17. A historical review of R.J. Reynolds' strategies for marketing tobacco to Hispanics in the United States.

    PubMed

    Iglesias-Rios, Lisbeth; Parascandola, Mark

    2013-05-01

    Hispanics are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the United States, and smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among this population. We analyzed tobacco industry documents on R. J. Reynolds' marketing strategies toward the Hispanic population using tobacco industry document archives from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu) between February-July 2011 and April-August 2012. Our analysis revealed that by 1980 the company had developed a sophisticated surveillance system to track the market behavior of Hispanic smokers and understand their psychographics, cultural values, and attitudes. This information was translated into targeted marketing campaigns for the Winston and Camel brands. Marketing targeted toward Hispanics appealed to values and sponsored activities that could be perceived as legitimating. Greater understanding of tobacco industry marketing strategies has substantial relevance for addressing tobacco-related health disparities. PMID:23488493

  18. 75 FR 12158 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-03-15

    ...replacements of all the wing links that are not within the specified tolerance must be done before the airplane reaches its MRBR airframe...AMOC applies, notify your principal maintenance inspector (PMI) or principal avionics inspector (PAI), as...

  19. 75 FR 49377 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-08-13

    ...replacements of all the wing links that are not within the specified tolerance must be done before the airplane reaches its MRBR airframe life...AMOC applies, notify your principal maintenance inspector (PMI) or principal avionics inspector (PAI), as...

  20. 75 FR 38058 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-07-01

    ...reported] in the region of the rear spar root joint attachment fitting at wing rib 2...failures in the region of the rear spar root joint attachment fitting at wing rib 2...fasteners in the region of the rear spar root joint attachment fitting at wing rib...

  1. 75 FR 63045 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-10-14

    ...reported] in the region of the rear spar root joint attachment fitting at wing rib 2...failures in the region of the rear spar root joint attachment fitting at wing rib 2...fasteners in the region of the rear spar root joint attachment fitting at wing rib...

  2. REFERENCE: Steighner RJ, Tully LA, Karjala JD, Coble MD, Holland MM. Comparative identity and homogeneity testing of the

    E-print Network

    -amplifying contaminating or heteroplasmic sequences than is presently available. KEYWORDS: forensic science, DNA typing and homogeneity testing of the mtDNA HV1 region using denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis. J Forensic Sci 1999 identification Mitochondrial DNA sequence analysis is utilized in a number of fields including forensic science

  3. PHOTO BY RJ SANGOSTI: 6 2012 THE DCNVH POiT. MEDIANEWS GROUP 12 Planning Juiy2013

    E-print Network

    Handy, Susan L.

    , chairman of the California Fire Safe Council. Experts blame intensifying drought, ris- ing temperatures.S. in recent years. In May 2012, a fire threatened 4,000 homes in California's Ventura County, north of Los

  4. 75 FR 1560 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-12

    ...the removal of the wing removable leading edge on a BAe 146 aircraft for a repair...corrosion was found on the wing fixed leading edge structure. The investigation determined...the removal of the wing removable leading edge on a BAe 146 aircraft for a...

  5. Memories of Astronomy Education in Brazil: Clippings from the Discourses of Interviewed Researchers on the Subject. (Spanish Title: Memorias de la Educación en Astronomía en Brasil: Recortes de los Discursos de Investigadores Entrevistados Acerca del Tema ) Memórias da Educação em Astronomia no Brasil: Recortes a Partir das Falas de Pesquisadores Entrevistados sobre o Tema

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Iachel, Gustavo; Nardi, Roberto

    2014-12-01

    This paper presents a historical retrospective concerning data from a research in Astronomy Education in Brazil, after 1973. It was organized on the basis of the speech analysis of national researchers considered references in this field by their peers. Furthermore, it was elaborated on the basis of other studies from the areas of Science Education, Physics and Astronomy. This historical overview was developed in order to facilitate understanding of the contexts in which the interviewed researchers have developed professionally. Moreover, we attempted to recover the memory of the growing field of research in Astronomy Education in the country. We believe that the history presented can help those trying to understand the past in an attempt to resolve current and future demands. Se presenta en este artículo una retrospectiva histórica referente a datos provenientes de la investigación en enseñanza de la astronomía en el Brasil, después de 1973, organizada sobre la base del análisis de los discursos de los investigadores nacionales considerados referencias en este campo, y también en la lectura de las publicaciones en las áreas de Enseñanza de las Ciencias, Física y Astronomía. Este repaso histórico se desarrolló con el fin de facilitar la comprensión de los contextos en los que los investigadores entrevistados se han desarrollado profesionalmente. Por otra parte, se intentó recuperar la memoria del creciente campo de la investigación en Educación en Astronomía en el país. Creemos que el relato presentado puede contribuir a quien trata de comprender el pasado, en un intento de resolver las demandas actuales y futuras. Relata-se neste artigo uma retrospectiva histórica referente a dados provenientes de pesquisa em Educação em Astronomia no país, pós 1973, organizada com base na análise das falas de pesquisadores considerados referências nacionais nesse campo, como também na leitura de publicações das áreas de ensino de Ciências, Física e Astronomia. Tal panorama histórico foi desenvolvido com o intuito de favorecer nossa compreensão sobre os contextos nos quais os pesquisadores entrevistados se desenvolveram profissionalmente. Ademais, buscou-se recobrar a memória do crescente campo de pesquisa em Educação em Astronomia no país. Entendemos que o histórico apresentado possa contribuir para com os que buscam entender o passado na tentativa de solucionar demandas atuais e futuras.

  6. Astronomy, Art and Mythology in a Public Elementary School in Itaocara/rj. (Spanish Title: Astronomía, Arte y Mitologia en el Ensino Fundamental en Una Escuela de la Red Estatal en ITAOCARA/RJ.) Astronomia, Arte e Mitologia no Ensino Fundamental em Escola da Rede Estadual em ITAOCARA/RJ

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveira Bernardes, Adriana; Ramos dos Santos, Arleidimar

    2008-12-01

    Volunteer advisors at Itaocara Astronomy Club Marcos Pontes(CAIMP), in their majority high school students, introduced students at Teotônio Brandão Vilela Elementary School to basic concepts in Astronomy, Physics, and Mythology. Computer Science, Arts, puppetry, and educational videos were used to stimulate students to share their feelings and test their knowledge of the concepts presented. The work done by the volunteers helped boost the student's self-esteem and improved their oral skills by applying their knowledge of Physics and Astronomy in Lab experiments. The main goals of the CAIMP are the possibility of including astronomy in Elementary school curricula and developing an interdisciplinary work involving Astronomy, Arts, and Mythology. Through tests and reports, the students who participated in the Brazilian Astronomy Olympics, showed an increase in their knowldge of the sujects presented during the volunteer work. Durante el curso de un trabajo voluntario con estudiantes de nivel primario (1 º a 4 º grado), los guías de Astronomía miembros del CAIMP (Club de Astronomía de Itaocara "Marcos Puentes"), en su mayoría estudiantes secundarios, desarrollaron un trabajo de introducción a las Ciencias y Astronomía con alumnos del colegio estatal Teotônio Vilela Brandão. A través de talleres de informática, artes, videos educativos y teatro de títeres, los estudiantes pudieron expresar sus conocimientos y emociones frente a las leyendas mitológicas con las que se inició el trabajo de introducción. La labor desarrollada por los guías con los alumnos promovió la integración entre las aulas del colegio haciéndolos participar en actividades con el fin de estimular su expresión verbal y aumentar su autoestima. Trabajando diversas formas de expresión, los alumnos pudieron realizar experimentos y conocer algunos conceptos de Física y Astronomía al mismo tiempo que adquirían autonomía para la libre expresión de sus sentimientos y de los conocimientos recibidos. El trabajo en sí ha mostrado además de la posibilidad de la inclusión de la Astronomía en la Educación Primaria, la posibilidad de un trabajo interdisciplinario en los niveles iniciales incluyendo Astronomía, Arte y Mitología. Los resultados presentados por los estudiantes en las Olimpiadas promovidas en la escuela y por la OBA (Olimpiada Brasilera de Astronomía) permitieron verificar un creciente aprendizaje y estimulo hacia las materias científicas, comprobados por la apropiada expresión de los conceptos adquiridos de astronomía y presentados en evaluaciones o en informes obtenidos de ellos mismos, sus familias y profesores. Desenvolvendo um trabalho voluntário junto aos alunos do ensino fundamental no 1º ciclo (1ª a 4ª série), os monitores de Astronomia membros do CAIMP (Clube de Astronomia de Itaocara Marcos Pontes), que eram em sua maioria alunos do ensino médio, desenvolveram um trabalho de aproximação entre os alunos do Colégio Estadual Teotônio Brandão Vilela e os temas envolvendo Ciências e Astronomia. Através de oficinas de informática, artes, vídeos educativos e teatros de fantoches, os alunos puderam expressar seus conhecimentos e emoções diante das lendas mitológicas com as quais começaram a ter contato. O trabalho desenvolvido pelos monitores junto aos alunos proporcionou a integração entre as turmas do colégio e os levou a participação em atividades de maneira a estimular sua oralidade e aumentar sua auto-estima. Trabalhando várias formas de expressões, os alunos puderam realizar seus experimentos e conhecer alguns conceitos de Física e Astronomia, enquanto adquiriam autonomia para se expressarem de acordo com seus sentimentos e conhecimentos adquiridos. O trabalho em si mostrou além da possibilidade de inserção de Astronomia no Ensino Fundamental, a possibilidade de realização de um trabalho interdisciplinar nas séries iniciais envolvendo Astronomia, Arte e Mitologia. Os resultados apresentados pelos alunos nas Olimpíadas promovidas na escola e pela OBA (Olimpíada Brasileir

  7. Efectos combinados de la ampliación de la atención primaria de salud y de las transferencias condicionadas de dinero en efectivo sobre la mortalidad infantil en Brasil, 1998–2010*

    PubMed Central

    Guanais, Frederico C.

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos. Examiné los efectos combinados del acceso a la atención primaria mediante el Programa de Salud Familiar (PSF) y las transferencias condicionadas de dinero en efectivo del Programa Bolsa Familia (PBF) sobre la mortalidad infantil posneonatal (MIPN) en Brasil. Métodos. Empleé un análisis ecológico longitudinal usando datos en panel de 4?583 municipios brasileños de 1998 al 2010, con 54?253 observaciones en total. Estimé modelos de regresión de efectos fijos por mínimos cuadrados ordinarios, con la tasa de MIPN como la variable dependiente y el PSF, el PBF y sus interacciones como las principales variables independientes de interés. Resultados. La asociación de una mayor cobertura del PSF con una menor tasa de MIPN se volvió más fuerte conforme aumentaba la cobertura del PBF. En los promedios de todas las demás variables, cuando la cobertura de PBF era 25%, la MIPN predicha fue 5,24 (intervalo de confianza [IC] de 95% = 4,95, 5,53) para una cobertura del PSF de 0%, y de 3,54 (IC de 95% = 2,77, 4,31) para una cobertura del PSF de 100%. Cuando la cobertura del PBF era de 60%, la MIPN predicha fue 4,65 (IC de 95% = 4,36, 4,94) para una cobertura del PSF de 0%, y de 1,38 (IC de 95% = 0,88, 1,89) para una cobertura del PSF de 100%. Conclusiones. El efecto del PSF depende de la ampliación del PBF. Para las poblaciones empobrecidas y subatendidas, la combinación de intervenciones tanto del lado de la oferta como del lado de la demanda podría ser necesaria para mejorar los resultados en salud.

  8. The association between mood and anxiety disorders, and coronary heart disease in Brazil: a cross-sectional analysis on the Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health (ELSA-Brasil)

    PubMed Central

    Kemp, Andrew H.; Brunoni, Andre R.; Nunes, Maria A.; Santos, Itamar S.; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Ribeiro, Antonio L.; Benseñor, Isabela M.; Lotufo, Paulo A.

    2015-01-01

    Background: Associations between major depressive disorder (MDD) and coronary heart disease (CHD) have been established, and these associations increase risk of future morbidity and mortality. Prior research has been carried out in high-income countries. Here we examine associations between the mood and anxiety disorders, and CHD in a large cohort at baseline from Brazil, a country facing a variety of challenges that may affect these associations. Methods: Participants included 15,105 civil servants aged 35 to 74 at baseline (2008–2010) from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). CHD (N = 721) included self-reported angina pectoris (n = 305), myocardial infarction (n = 259) and coronary revascularization (n = 239). Hierarchical logistic regression analyses were conducted to estimate odds ratios and confidence intervals. Results: Major findings indicate that comorbid MDD and anxiety disorders (n = 434) are associated with a threefold increase in CHD, MDD alone (n = 170) with a twofold increase in CHD, while generalized anxiety disorder alone (n = 1,394) and mixed anxiety and depression disorder (n = 1,844) – symptoms present, but diagnostic threshold not reached – are associated with a 1.5-fold increase in CHD, after full adjustment for covariates. Conclusion: The association with CHD is greatest in those with psychiatric comorbidity, while associations were also observed in MDD and generalized anxiety disorder without comorbidity. While findings are limited by the cross-sectional design of the study, given the known risks associated with comorbidity of the mood and anxiety disorders with CHD, findings reinforce the importance of comprehensive health assessment in Brazil. PMID:25762963

  9. Life Course Socioeconomic Position and C-Reactive Protein: Mediating Role of Health-Risk Behaviors and Metabolic Alterations. The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)

    PubMed Central

    Camelo, Lidyane V.; Giatti, Luana; Neves, Jorge Alexandre Barbosa; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Benseñor, Isabela M.; Chor, Dóra; Griep, Rosane Härter; da Fonseca, Maria de Jesus Mendes; Vidigal, Pedro Guatimosim; Kawachi, Ichiro; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Barreto, Sandhi Maria

    2014-01-01

    Background Chronic inflammation has been postulated to be one mediating mechanism explaining the association between low socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We sought to examine the association between life course SEP and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in adulthood, and to evaluate the extent to which health-risk behaviors and metabolic alterations mediate this association. Additionally, we explored the possible modifying influence of gender. Methods and Findings Our analytical sample comprised 13,371 participants from ELSA-Brasil baseline, a multicenter prospective cohort study of civil servants. SEP during childhood, young adulthood, and adulthood were considered. The potential mediators between life course SEP and CRP included clusters of health-risk behaviors (smoking, low leisure time physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption), and metabolic alterations (obesity, hypertension, low HDL, hypertriglyceridemia, and diabetes). Linear regression models were performed and structural equation modeling was used to evaluate mediation. Although lower childhood SEP was associated with higher levels of CRP in adult life, this association was not independent of adulthood SEP. However, CRP increased linearly with increasing number of unfavorable social circumstances during the life course (p trend <0.001). The metabolic alterations were the most important mediator between cumulative SEP and CRP. This mediation path accounted for 49.5% of the total effect of cumulative SEP on CRP among women, but only 20.2% among men. In consequence, the portion of the total effect of cumulative SEP on CRP that was mediated by risk behaviors and metabolic alterations was higher among women (55.4%) than among men (36.8%). Conclusions Cumulative SEP across life span was associated with elevated systemic inflammation in adulthood. Although health-risk behaviors and metabolic alterations were important mediators of this association, a sizable fraction of this association was not mediated by these factors, suggesting that other pathways might play a role, especially among men. PMID:25309988

  10. Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307

    E-print Network

    Goda, Keisuke

    Community D EIB European Investment Bank D FAO Food and Agriculture Organization D ILO International of Mutual Economic Assistance of Communist Nations D ECB European Central Bank D EEC European Economic 307 USSRUz 307 ADB Asia Development Bank D BIS Bank for International Settlement D COMECON Council

  11. Brazil = Brasil. America = Las Americas [Series].

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Toro, Leonor; And Others

    Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades, this bilingual English/Spanish social studies resource booklet provides an encyclopedia-style overview of Brazil's history, geography, economy, and culture. Topics include Brazil's form of government; geographic regions; holidays; climate; people; music; carnaval celebration;…

  12. Future of alcohol fuels programs in Brasil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carvalho, A. V., Jr.; Rechtschaffen, E.; Goldstein, L., Jr.

    An updating is given of the Brazilian National Alcohol Program's production and utilization achievements to date in the substitution of ethanol and methanol for imported oil products. A series of Eucalyptus forestry and processing-industry projections are made for fuel output and jobs creation that may be expected by the year 2000. With few exceptions, methanol produced from wood grown on poorer soils than can now be used for sugarcane substitute for oil products and result in jobs creation several orders of magnitude higher than petroleum fuels.

  13. [Climatic and anthropic influence on the abundance and richness of Calliphoridae (Diptera) in a forest fragment in the Tinguá Biological Reserve, RJ, Brazil].

    PubMed

    Ferraz, Adriana C P; Gadelha, Bárbara Q; Aguiar-Coelho, Valéria M

    2010-01-01

    Monthly collections were made using two traps 5 m apart exposed for 48h, containing sardines and installed at points: A at the edge (500 m from the entrance of the Reserve); B 1200 m from the entrance and 1000 m inside the forest; and C 1700 m from the entrance and 500 m inside the forest. The purpose was to evaluate the abundance and richness of calliphorid species as a function of the environmental conditions using Pearson's correlation, compare the richness of the areas using ANOVA and Tukey's test, compare the abundances of the areas by the Kruskal-Wallis test, and also assess the possible influence of the anthropic presence. Rare, intermediary and common species were identified. The collection totalized 8515 Calliphoridae belonging to 26 species, with a predominance of females. None of the 13 species considered common presented a correlation between abundance and temperature: only Cochliomyia hominivorax (Coquerel) and Chrysomya megacephala (Fabricius) were correlated with humidity and only Mesembrinella semihyalina Mello with precipitation. This parameter was the only climatic variable correlated with richness. The greatest abundance and richness of calliphorids occurred in September 2006. From the 13 common species, seven were considered synanthropic, indicating the effect of anthropic action in this site. PMID:20877981

  14. Use of GIS for the evaluation of heavy metal contamination in the Cunha Canal watershed and west of the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.

    PubMed

    Borges, Renata Coura; Caldas, Vanessa Godoy; Filho, Francisco Fernando Lamego Simões; Ferreira, Marcos Manoel; Lapa, Celso Marcelo Franklin

    2014-12-15

    The Cunha Canal watershed, which is located in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, suffered severe environmental degradation in recent decades due to rapid urban population growth. However, this substantial growth did not result in social development; instead, it exacerbated existing environmental and social problems. This study aimed to evaluate the pollution of the Canal do Cunha and Guanabara Bay, using GIS for mapping based on the result of the heavy metal concentrations obtained by spectrometry (ICP-OES). The analyzed data were monitored at five collection points. Five heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni and Zn) were evaluated. The results showed that the waters of the Cunha Canal watershed and the west side of Guanabara Bay have been altered and degraded. The concentration of heavy metals in the water was lower than the concentration in the sediments. The behaviors of the studied metals differed during the rainy and dry periods. PMID:25455374

  15. Kinship and Leprosy in the Contacts of Leprosy Patients: Cohort at the Souza Araújo Outpatient Clinic, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 1987–2010

    PubMed Central

    dos Santos, Daiane Santos; Duppre, Nadia Cristina; Nery, José Augusto da Costa; Sarno, Euzenir Nunes; Hacker, Mariana Andréa

    2013-01-01

    A broad variety of factors have been associated with leprosy among contacts, including socioeconomic, epidemiological, and genetic characteristics. Data from 7,174 contacts of leprosy patients from a leprosy outpatient clinic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1987–2010, were analyzed to investigate the effects of kinship, individual, and contextual factors on leprosy. Multivariate analyses were performed using a robust estimation method. In the prevalence analysis, close kinship (sibling OR = 2.75, offspring OR = 2.00, and other relatives OR = 1.70), socioeconomic factors, and the duration of exposure to the bacillus were associated to leprosy. In the incidence analysis, significant risks were found for all categories of kinship (parents RR = 10.93, spouse, boyfriend/girlfriend, and bride/groom RR = 7.53, sibling RR = 7.03, offspring RR = 5.34, and other relatives RR = 3.71). Once the treatment of the index case was initiated, other factors lost their significance, and the index case bacteriological index and BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine) protection had a greater impact. Our findings suggested that both genetic susceptibility and physical exposure play an important role in the epidemiology of leprosy, but it was not possible establishing the role of genetic factor. Analyses of other factors related to the genotype of individuals, such as genetic polymorphisms, are needed. PMID:23690793

  16. Kinship and Leprosy in the Contacts of Leprosy Patients: Cohort at the Souza Araújo Outpatient Clinic, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 1987-2010.

    PubMed

    Dos Santos, Daiane Santos; Duppre, Nadia Cristina; Sales, Anna Maria; Nery, José Augusto da Costa; Sarno, Euzenir Nunes; Hacker, Mariana Andréa

    2013-01-01

    A broad variety of factors have been associated with leprosy among contacts, including socioeconomic, epidemiological, and genetic characteristics. Data from 7,174 contacts of leprosy patients from a leprosy outpatient clinic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1987-2010, were analyzed to investigate the effects of kinship, individual, and contextual factors on leprosy. Multivariate analyses were performed using a robust estimation method. In the prevalence analysis, close kinship (sibling OR = 2.75, offspring OR = 2.00, and other relatives OR = 1.70), socioeconomic factors, and the duration of exposure to the bacillus were associated to leprosy. In the incidence analysis, significant risks were found for all categories of kinship (parents RR = 10.93, spouse, boyfriend/girlfriend, and bride/groom RR = 7.53, sibling RR = 7.03, offspring RR = 5.34, and other relatives RR = 3.71). Once the treatment of the index case was initiated, other factors lost their significance, and the index case bacteriological index and BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine) protection had a greater impact. Our findings suggested that both genetic susceptibility and physical exposure play an important role in the epidemiology of leprosy, but it was not possible establishing the role of genetic factor. Analyses of other factors related to the genotype of individuals, such as genetic polymorphisms, are needed. PMID:23690793

  17. Progress on "pico" air vehicles R.J. Wood, B. Finio, M. Karpelson, K. Ma, N.O. Perez-Arancibia, P.S. Sreetharan,

    E-print Network

    Wood, Robert

    present progress in the essential technologies for insect-scale robots, or "pico" air vehicles. 1 developing a flying robot on the scale of a common house- fly, all hardware must be developed from scratch for fabrication and assembly of the aeromechanical components: the scale and complexity of the mechanical features

  18. Electron Holography of Naturally Occurring Nanomagnets in Rocks R.E. Dunin-Borkowski,* R.J. Harrison,** and A. Putnis***

    E-print Network

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    Electron Holography of Naturally Occurring Nanomagnets in Rocks R.E. Dunin-Borkowski,* R such as subsolvus exsolution, are the dominant carriers of strong and stable remanent magnetization in rocks. Here

  19. Using metallic interlayers to stabilize abrupt, epitaxial metal-metal interfaces C. V. Ramana, P. Masse and R.J. Smith

    E-print Network

    Smith, Richard J.

    and channeling techniques along with low-energy electron diffraction and keV He + backscattering are used for stabilizing metal-metal epitaxial interfaces using a thin metallic interlayer. Rutherford backscattering applicable for a large class of metal-metal interfaces. Rutherford backscattering and channeling (RBS

  20. Publications from GCRC Protocols -2006 16573786 Fontana RJ, Sanyal AJ, Mehta S, Doherty MC, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Everson GT, Kahn JA,

    E-print Network

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    and compensated cirrhosis: results from the HALT-C trial. Am J Gastroenterol 101: 983-92, 2006 16518754 Morishima, Rothman AL, Koziel MJ, Lindsay KL, Hepatitis C Antiviral Long-Term Treatment Against Cirrhosis Trial Group

  1. Testing the marine and continental fossil records M. J. Benton Department of Geology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, United Kingdom

    E-print Network

    Benton, Michael

    Testing the marine and continental fossil records M. J. Benton Department of Geology, University The fossil record of continental vertebrates is as good as that of echinoderms at the family level, as shown and vertebrates are typical of their environments, the continental fossil record is not worse than the marine

  2. This is a preprint of a paper which appeared in the Proceedings of 2010 IEEE/RJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (IROS)

    E-print Network

    Stryk, Oskar von

    are developed which are capable of autonomously driving in traffic and performing complex maneuvers. Other in Autonomous Robot Software Dirk Thomas and Oskar von Stryk, Member IEEE Abstract-- Software for autonomous are transparent to the maybe already existing components. Experimental results in the scenario of autonomous

  3. B. Gabrys, R.J. Howlett, and L.C. Jain (Eds.): KES 2006, Part I, LNAI 4251, pp. 968 975, 2006. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006

    E-print Network

    Impotence) that concerns 10% of the male population requires expertise and great experience. Different) for diagnosis of male impotence is presented. The rule-base of GADIS has been constructed by using a genetic impotence) is characterized by disturbances in sexual desire and in psychophysiological changes associated

  4. Prevalence and factors associated with frailty in an older population from the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: the FIBRA-RJ Study

    PubMed Central

    Moreira, Virgílio Garcia; Lourenço, Roberto Alves

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Frailty syndrome can be defined as a state of vulnerability to stressors resulting from a decrease in functional reserve across multiple systems and compromising an individual's capacity to maintain homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of frailty and its association with social and demographic factors, functional capacity, cognitive status and self-reported comorbidities in a sample of community-dwelling older individuals who are clients of a healthcare plan. METHODS: We evaluated 847 individuals aged 65 years or older who lived in the northern area of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The subjects were selected by inverse random sampling and stratified by gender and age. To diagnose frailty, we used the scale proposed by the Cardiovascular Health Study, which consisted of the following items: low gait speed, grip strength reduction, feeling of exhaustion, low physical activity and weight loss. The data were collected between 2009 and 2010, and the frailty prevalence was calculated as the proportion of individuals who scored positive for three or more of the five items listed above. To verify the association between frailty and risk factors, we applied a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of frailty syndrome was 9.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.3-11.3); 43.6% (95% CI, 40.3-47) of the individuals were considered robust, and 47.3% (95% CI 43.8-50.8) were considered pre-frail (p<0.001). The frail individuals tended to be older (odds ratio [OR] 13.2, 95% CI, 8.7-20) and have lower education levels (OR 2.1, 95% CI, 1-4.6), lower cognitive performance (OR 0.76, 95% CI, 0.73-0.79) and reduced health perception (OR 65.8, 95% CI, 39.1-110.8). Frail individuals also had a greater number of comorbidities (OR 6.6, 95% CI, 4.4-9.9) and worse functional capacity (OR 3.8, 95% CI, 2.9-5). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of frailty was similar to that seen in other international studies and was significantly associated with educational level, cognition, comorbidities, functional capacity, perception of health and old age. PMID:23917663

  5. Nichols WJ Jr, Bartelt RJ, Coss AA, King BH. 2010. Methyl 6-methylsalicylate: a female-produced pheromone component of the parasitoid wasp Spalangia endius.

    E-print Network

    King, Bethia H.

    -produced pheromone component of the parasitoid wasp Spalangia endius. Journal of Chemical Ecology 36-Produced Pheromone Component of the Parasitoid Wasp Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) William J. Nichols-pheromone-related behavior and chemistry were studied in the wasp Spalangia endius Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae

  6. v//////// / / / / / / / / / /rJ T_Number 8 Sep~ember, 1928 10 Cents /1t~/ z # ./ ~ 4 ? ? 7" / ..!', ~ ;> -??' "';. I ~~ ~ . ~I .".. ..... '

    E-print Network

    " ......: .....: " ·i . i '.. ·1 i ,1 . .! '. i . iI l (An outline 0/ the proojs 0/ evol,ution Kill be presented educated man could not tell whether evolution was going to live or die. In 1830 he had 10 be dubious

  7. Simple pulmonary eosinophilia

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Cordier JF. Eosinophilic lung diseases. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and ... LM, Tanowitz HB. Parasitic infections. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and ...

  8. Teatro no Brasil: Como transmitir sinais de dentro das chamas.

    E-print Network

    Peixoto, Fernando

    1973-10-01

    intelectualmente morrem sem consciência. Para outros, a consciência é a causa mortis. E o que acontece com o teatro, acontece também com o cinema, com a literatura, com a música, com as artes plásticas, etc. O impasse do teatro, acentuado à partir da crise... sérias são ainda superficiais. Em essência permanece um teatro alienado e, mesmo quando se propõe ao contrário, alienante. A esperança é que um novo saia das cinzas. Um teatro que mergulhe com firmeza e decisão na realidade do país e dela consiga...

  9. The mineral economy of Brazil--Economia mineral do Brasil

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Gurmendi, Alfredo C.; Barboza, Frederico Lopes; Thorman, Charles H.

    1999-01-01

    This study depicts the Brazilian government structure, mineral legislation and investment policy, taxation, foreign investment policies, environmental laws and regulations, and conditions in which the mineral industry operates. The report underlines Brazil's large and diversified mineral endowment. A total of 37 mineral commodities, or groups of closely related commodities, is discussed. An overview of the geologic setting of the major mineral deposits is presented. This report is presented in English and Portuguese in pdf format.

  10. Curriculum Studies in Brasil: A Study of the Teaching Practice.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marcondes, Maria Ines; Tura, Maria de Lourdes Rangel; de Macedo, Elizabeth Fernandes

    This study analyzes how undergraduate university teachers are thinking in the classroom about the theoretical and practical contents related to the subject called "Curriculum Studies." The study focuses on the aspects of the theory-practice relationship, the idea of curriculum, and the theoretical references used by the undergraduate teachers. The…

  11. Situation Reports--Bahamas, Brasil, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Uruguay.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in four foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahamas, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where appropriate and if it is available. General…

  12. Constraining depth of anisotropy in the Amazon region (Northern Brasil)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bianchi, Irene; Willy Corrêa Rosa, João; Bokelmann, Götz

    2014-05-01

    Seismic data recorded between November 2009 and September 2013, at the permanent station PTGA of the Brazilian seismic network were used to constrain the depth of anisotropy in the lithosphere beneath the station. 90 receiver functions (RF) have been computed, covering the backazimuthal directions from 0° to 180°. Both radial (R) and transverse (T) components of the RF contain useful information about the subsurface structure. The isotropic part of the seismic velocity profile at depth mainly affects the R-RF component, while anisotropy and dipping structures produce P-to-S conversion recorded on the T-RF component (Levin and Park, 1998; Savage, 1998). The incoming (radially polarized) S waves, when passing through an anisotropic crust, splits and part of it is projected onto the transverse component. The anisotropy symmetry orientations (?) can be estimated by the polarity change of the observed phases. The arrival times of the phases is related to the depth of the conversion. Depth and ? are estimated by isolating phases at certain arrival times. SKS shear-wave splitting results from previous studies in this area (Krüger et al., 2002, Rosa et al., 2014), suggest the presence of anisotropy in the mantle with orientation of the fast splitting axis (about E-W) following major deep tectonic structures. The observed splitting orientation correlates well with the current South America plate motion (i.e. relative to mesosphere), and with observed aeromagnetic trends. This similarity leaves open the possibility of a linkage between the upper mantle fabric imaged by shear wave splitting analysis and the lower crustal structure imaged by aeromagnetometry. In this study we unravel, from RF data, two layers in which anisotropy concentrates, i.e. the lower crust and the upper mantle. Lower crustal and upper mantle anisotropy retrieved by RFs give some new hints in order to interpret the previously observed anisotropic orientations from SKS and the aeromagnetic anomalies.

  13. Combined landings of two halfbeaks species, ballyhoo (Hemiramphus brasil-

    E-print Network

    ) and found that the numbers of halfbeak eggs and larvae were too few for char- acterizing the spawning underestimate the abundance of halfbeak eggs or larvae for three reasons. First, halfbeak eggs appear to attach to vegetation; therefore oblique tows may not target the appro- priate habitats (i.e. benthic or floating

  14. Queda dos homicídios em São Paulo, Brasil: uma análise descritiva

    PubMed Central

    Peres, Maria Fernanda Tourinho; Vicentin, Diego; Nery, Marcelo Batista; de Lima, Renato Sérgio; de Souza, Edinilsa Ramos; Cerda, Magdalena; Cardia, Nancy; Adorno, e Sérgio

    2012-01-01

    Objetivo Descrever a evolução da mortalidade por homicídios no Município de São Paulo segundo tipo de arma, sexo, raça ou cor, idade e áreas de exclusão/inclusão social entre 1996 e 2008. Métodos Estudo ecológico de série temporal. Os dados sobre óbitos ocorridos no Município foram coletados da base de dados do Programa de Aprimoramento das Informações sobre Mortalidade, seguindo a Classificação Internacional de Doenças, Décima Revisão (CID-10). Foram calculadas as taxas de mortalidade por homicídio (TMH) para a população total, por sexo, raça ou cor, faixa etária, tipo de arma e área de exclusão/inclusão social. As TMH foram padronizadas por idade pelo método direto. Foram calculados os percentuais de variação no período estudado. Para as áreas de exclusão/inclusão social foram calculados os riscos relativos de morte por homicídio. Resultados As TMH apresentaram queda de 73,7% entre 2001 e 2008. Foi observada redução da TMH em todos os grupos analisados, mais pronunciada em homens (?74,5%), jovens de 15 a 24 anos (?78,0%) e moradores de áreas de exclusão social extrema (?79,3%). A redução ocorreu, sobretudo, nos homicídios cometidos com armas de fogo (?74,1%). O risco relativo de morte por homicídio nas áreas de exclusão extrema (tendo como referência áreas com algum grau de exclusão social) foi de 2,77 em 1996, 3,9 em 2001 e 2,13 em 2008. Nas áreas de alta exclusão social, o risco relativo foi de 2,07 em 1996 e 1,96 em 2008. Conclusões Para compreender a redução dos homicídios no Município, é importante considerar macrodeterminantes que atingem todo o Município e todos os subgrupos populacionais e microdeterminantes que atuam localmente, influenciando de forma diferenciada os homicídios com armas de fogo e os homicídios na população jovem, no sexo masculino e em residentes em áreas de alta exclusão social. PMID:21390415

  15. The Scientific program with RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)

    SciTech Connect

    Lichtenthaeler, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Mendes, D. R. Jr.; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Hussein, M. S.; Barioni, A.; Condori, R. Pampa; Morais, M. C.; Alcantara Nunez, J.; Camargo, O. Jr.; Otani, Y.; Leistenschneider, E.; Scarduelli, V.; Benjamim, E. A.; Arazi, A.; Assuncao, M.

    2009-06-03

    The Radioactive Ion Beams Facility (RIBRAS) is in operation since 2004 at the Pelletron Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Sao Paulo and consists of two superconducting solenoids capable of producing low energy secondary beams of light exotic nuclei. Measurements of the elastic scattering, breakup and transfer reactions with radioactive projectiles such as {sup 6}He,{sup 8}Li,{sup 7}Be on several targets have been performed. A review of the research program carried on along the last four years using the RIBRAS facility is presented.

  16. Materials Synthesis and Processing Using Ion Beams, R.J. Culbertson, O.W. Holland, K.S. Jones, and K Maex, eds. (Mat. Res. Soc. Proc., Pittsburgh, PA, 1994), pp. 197-204.

    E-print Network

    Dunham, Scott

    . This work focuses on enhanced di#11;usion following silicon implants below the amorphization threshold as a function of dose, energy and time. Initial Defect/Damage Pro#12;les Enhanced di#11;usion during implant.g., divacancies). In this work, we use de- fect pro#12;les generated using TRIM- CSR [1, 2], a Monte

  17. Please cite this article in press as: R.J. Monnat Jr, From broken to old: DNA damage, IGF1 endocrine suppression and aging, Dna Repair (2007), doi:10.1016/j.dnarep.2007.03.018

    E-print Network

    Monnat, Ray

    2007-01-01

    - naling. This endocrine signaling system is a deeply conserved, key regulator of metabolism and longevity endocrine suppression and aging, Dna Repair (2007), doi:10.1016/j.dnarep.2007.03.018 ARTICLE IN PRESSDNAREP endocrine suppression and aging Raymond J. Monnat Jr a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 16

  18. Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C.D. (1988) The development of neural segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: The making of the nervous system. (J. Parnavelas, C.D. Stern and R.V. Stirling,

    E-print Network

    Stern, Claudio

    1988-01-01

    . In: The making of the nervous system. (J. Parnavelas, C.D. Stern and R.V. Stirling, eds.). Oxford in vertebrate embryos. In: The making of the nervous system. (J. Parnavelas, C.D. Stern and R.V. Stirling, eds segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: The making of the nervous system. (J. Parnavelas, C.D. Stern and R

  19. Screening for pulmonary tuberculosis in Teresópolis, RJ, Brazil: the search for respiratory symptomatic patients in emergency service of "Hospital das Clínicas de Teresópolis Costantino Ottaviano, Fundação Educacional Serra dos Orgãos".

    PubMed

    Siqueira-Batista, Rodrigo; Gomes, Andréia Patrícia; Bisaglia, Joana B; Borlot, Paulo Estevão W; D'avila Junior, Heraldo X; Faria, Carolina Gonçalves P P de; Braga, Bernardo D; Bezerra, Tiago S; Cedrola, Juan Pedro V; Almeida, Guilherme C; Couto, Lílian S; Nacif, Marcelo; Crivano, Elvira

    2005-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the detection percentage of tuberculosis among patients that are respiratory symptomatic (TB suspects). In this work, we present the preliminary results of research carried out at "Hospital das Clínicas de Teresópolis Costantino Ottaviano da Fundacao Educacional Serra dos Orgãos (FESO)" from November 2003 to April 2004. Among the 40 respiratory symptomatic individuals identified and referred to the Tuberculosis Control Program in Teresópolis , two (5.0%) were characterized as smear-positive. These results confirm reports in the literature and underscore the need for and importance of this strategy. PMID:15880227

  20. Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C.D. (1987) Mechanisms of segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development, Alan Liss Inc., New York. pp. 177-194.

    E-print Network

    Stern, Claudio

    1987-01-01

    .D. (1987) Mechanisms of segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate of segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development, Alan Liss Inc., New York. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development, Alan Liss Inc., New York. pp. 177-194. #12;Keynes

  1. Comment on “Effect of the vapor phase on the salinity of halite-bearing aqueous fluid inclusions estimated from the halite dissolution temperature”, by M. Steele-MacInnis and R.J. Bodnar

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bakker, Ronald J.

    2014-06-01

    Recently Steele-MacInnis and Bodnar reported an experimental study on the estimation of the salinity of halite bearing fluid inclusions from dissolution temperatures of halite crystals, in the presence and absence of a vapour phase Steele-MacInnis and Bodnar (2013). The authors present new purely empirical equations to calculate fluid inclusion bulk salinity, which is mainly determined by dissolution temperature of halite (SLV?LV) with a minor correction due to presence of a vapour phase at higher temperatures, similar to the study of Bakker (2012). The experimental approach in their work is inappropriate, it does not provide experimental data, and it does not illustrate an estimate of uncertainty, accuracy and precision of the results. The mathematical modelling with purely empirical best-fit equations is insufficient, and partly erroneous. Comparison with the model from Bakker (2012) results in highly incorrect, inconsistent and imprecise statements about the quality of the results from Bakker (2012). Furthermore, the authors use “supplementary data” to continue a discussion without peer-review.

  2. A.W.D., Larkum, R.J. Orth, C.M. Duarte (eds.), 2006, Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation, Springer, ISBN: 978-1-4020-2942-4 (hardback), US$ 99.00, 691 pages.

    SciTech Connect

    Thom, Ronald M.

    2008-01-01

    The relish of scientists for, and funding of research on, seagrasses probably stems from two sources: seagrasses are a defined taxonomic unit often growing in monotypic stands, making academic study tractable; and, seagrasses are increasingly recognized globally as important components of shallow water systems, and potential key indicators of ecosystem health. The 26 chapters covering ~700 pages provide a long overdue treatment of the state of the science on seagrasses. This book is an honest, thorough and heroic attempt to compile a mass of knowledge by a herd of 80 researcher “cats” representing 15 countries. The chapters “…provide the necessary background on what brought each topic where it is today and indicate where future research needs to go to advance the field to the next level.” Seagrass science is in its infancy, but, as demonstrated, is advancing rapidly. Volumes with recent topical treatments of seagrasses include World Atlas of Seagrasses (Green and Short 2003), Seagrass Ecology (Hemminga and Duarte 2000), and Global Seagrass Research Methods (Short and Coles 2001) are useful compliments to this book.

  3. A. Burns, A. Kusiak, and T. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, M.Gh. Negoita, R.J.

    E-print Network

    Kusiak, Andrew

    A. Burns, A. Kusiak, and T. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th, Vol. I, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, 2004, pp. 148-154. 148 Mi ni ng Transformed Data Sets Alex. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge

  4. 978-1-4244-7467-7/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE 2010 IREP Symposium-Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control VIII (IREP), August 1-6, 2010, Buzios, RJ, Brazil

    E-print Network

    Oren, Shmuel S.

    The prevalent market mechanism for defining transmission rights in North American restructured electricity and Transmission Performance Incentives in FTR/FGR Markets Shmuel S. Oren, IEEE Fellow and Kory W. Hedman, Student adequacy in Financial Transmission Rights (FTR) Markets and address two questions: a) How should revenue

  5. High Power Testing of a 17 GHz Photocathode RF Gun S.C. Chen, B.G. Danly, J. Gonichon, C.L. Lin, R.J. Temkin, S.R. Trotz, J.S. Wurtele,

    E-print Network

    Wurtele, Jonathan

    High Power Testing of a 17 GHz Photocathode RF Gun S.C. Chen, B.G. Danly, J. Gonichon, C.L. Lin, R photocathode gun. The 11 2 cell, -mode, copper cavity was tested with 5-10 MW, 100 ns, 17.145 GHz pulses from without breakdown, a compact system, and high brightness. While existing RF guns operate from 144 M Hz

  6. In-depth phosphoproteomic analysis of royal jelly derived from western and eastern honeybee species.

    PubMed

    Han, Bin; Fang, Yu; Feng, Mao; Lu, Xiaoshan; Huo, Xinmei; Meng, Lifeng; Wu, Bin; Li, Jianke

    2014-12-01

    The proteins in royal jelly (RJ) play a pivotal role in the nutrition, immune defense, and cast determination of honeybee larvae and have a wide range of pharmacological and health-promoting functions for humans as well. Although the importance of post-translational modifications (PTMs) in protein function is known, investigation of protein phosphorylation of RJ proteins is still very limited. To this end, two complementary phosphopeptide enrichment materials (Ti(4+)-IMAC and TiO2) and high-sensitivity mass spectrometry were applied to establish a detailed phosphoproteome map and to qualitatively and quantitatively compare the phosphoproteomes of RJ produced by Apis mellifera ligustica (Aml) and Apis cerana cerana (Acc). In total, 16 phosphoproteins carrying 67 phosphorylation sites were identified in RJ derived from western bees, and nine proteins phosphorylated on 71 sites were found in RJ produced by eastern honeybees. Of which, eight phosphorylated proteins were common to both RJ samples, and the same motif ([S-x-E]) was extracted, suggesting that the function of major RJ proteins as nutrients and immune agents is evolutionary preserved in both of these honeybee species. All eight overlapping phosphoproteins showed significantly higher abundance in Acc-RJ than in Aml-RJ, and the phosphorylation of Jelleine-II (an antimicrobial peptide, TPFKLSLHL) at S(6) in Acc-RJ had stronger antimicrobial properties than that at T(1) in Aml-RJ even though the overall antimicrobial activity of Jelleine-II was found to decrease after phosphorylation. The differences in phosphosites, peptide abundance, and antimicrobial activity of the phosphorylated RJ proteins indicate that the two major honeybee species employ distinct phosphorylation strategies that align with their different biological characteristics shaped by evolution. The phosphorylation of RJ proteins are potentially driven by the activity of extracellular serine/threonine protein kinase FAM20C-like protein (FAM20C-like) through the [S-x-E] motif, which is supported by evidence that mRNA and protein expression of FAM20C-like protein kinase are both found in the highest level in the hypopharyngeal gland of nurse bees. Our data represent the first comprehensive RJ phosphorylation atlas, recording patterns of phosphorylated RJ protein abundance and antibacterial activity of some RJ proteins in two major managed honeybee species. These data constitute a firm basis for future research to better understand the biological roles of each RJ protein for honeybee biology and human health care. PMID:25265229

  7. Royal jelly proteome comparison between A. mellifera ligustica and A. cerana cerana.

    PubMed

    Yu, Fang; Mao, Feng; Jianke, Li

    2010-05-01

    In this study, we compared royal jelly (RJ) produced by Apis mellifera ligustica and Apis cerana cerana in production, protein profiles, and abundances using proteomic approaches. The RJ proteome was displayed using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2DGE), and proteins were identified using MALDI-TOF MS and LC-Chip/ESI-QTOF MS. Differences in the RJ proteome between the two bee species were validated using western-blot analysis. RJ production by A. cerana cerana (3.21 +/- 0.43 g) is significantly lower than that of A. mellifera ligustica (80.5 +/- 7.83 g). The 2DGE based MS approach identified 52 and 60 proteins in the RJ of A. mellifera ligustica and A. cerana cerana, respectively. The majority of the identified proteins were major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs). Peroxiredoxin 2540, glutathione S-transferase S1, and MRJP5 were detected only in the RJ of A. mellifera ligustica, and MRJP1 was the most abundant MRJP. In contrast, MRJP7 was found only in the RJ of A. cerana cerana. But, similar to A. mellifera ligustica, MRJP1 was found most abundantly in this case too. In this study, glucose oxidase was identified for the first time in the A. cerana cerana RJ. Comparing the protein levels of MRJP1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 between the two species, they were significantly higher in the RJ of A. mellifera ligustica than in A. cerana cerana. This observation was supported by Western blot analysis using anti-MRJP1, 2, 3 antibodies. The result suggested that A. mellifera ligustica needs more nutrition to nurse the developing larvae and queens as compared to that of A. cerana cerana. This study improved our understanding of protein composition of RJ from Western and Eastern honeybees. RJ produced by A. mellifera ligustica exceeds the RJ from A. cerana cerana both in terms of production and health purposes. PMID:20307072

  8. Comprehensive identification of novel proteins and N-glycosylation sites in royal jelly

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background Royal jelly (RJ) is a proteinaceous secretion produced from the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of nurse bees. It plays vital roles in honeybee biology and in the improvement of human health. However, some proteins remain unknown in RJ, and mapping N-glycosylation modification sites on RJ proteins demands further investigation. We used two different liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry techniques, complementary N-glycopeptide enrichment strategies, and bioinformatic approaches to gain a better understanding of novel and glycosylated proteins in RJ. Results A total of 25 N-glycosylated proteins, carrying 53 N-glycosylation sites, were identified in RJ proteins, of which 42 N-linked glycosylation sites were mapped as novel on RJ proteins. Most of the glycosylated proteins were related to metabolic activities and health improvement. The 13 newly identified proteins were also mainly associated with metabolic processes and health improvement activities. Conclusion Our in-depth, large-scale mapping of novel glycosylation sites represents a crucial step toward systematically revealing the functionality of N-glycosylated RJ proteins, and is potentially useful for producing a protein with desirable pharmacokinetic and biological activity using a genetic engineering approach. The newly-identified proteins significantly extend the proteome coverage of RJ. These findings contribute vital and new knowledge to our understanding of the innate biochemical nature of RJ at both the proteome and glycoproteome levels. PMID:24529077

  9. I Bayesian analysis of logistic regression I Generalized linear mixed models

    E-print Network

    Reid, Nancy

    Today I Bayesian analysis of logistic regression I Generalized linear mixed models I CD on fixed II February 14, 2014 2/30 Bayesian logistic regression I rj Binom(mj, pj) I log pj 1 pj = + xj I L.73 5 5 STA 2201: Applied Statistics II February 14, 2014 2/30 Bayesian logistic regression I rj Binom

  10. Coupled-wave analysis of apodized volume gratings

    E-print Network

    Glebov, Leon

    and links 1. A.D. Cohen, M.C. Parker, R.J. Mears, "100-GHz-resolution dynamic holographic channel management for WDM," IEEE Phot. Tech. Lett., 11, 851-3 (1999). 2. D.C. O'Brien, R.J. Mears, T.D. Wilkinson and W

  11. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP-2002-032

    E-print Network

    EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP-2002-032 26. April 2002 Journal version 11 , D. Axen 27 , G. Azuelos 18,a , I. Bailey 26 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , P. Bethke 32 , O. Biebel 32 , I.J. Bloodworth 1 , O. Boeriu 10 , P. Bock 11 , D. Bonacorsi 2 , M. Boutemeur

  12. PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC02-76CH03073

    E-print Network

    Tensor for Non-Maxwellian Distributions in the FLR Limit by C.K. Phillips, A. Pletzer, R.J. Dumont, and D in the FLR Limit C.K. Phillips1 , A. Pletzer1 , R.J. Dumont2 and D.N. Smithe3 1 Princeton Plasma Physics

  13. The Lyophilization Process Maintains the Chemical and Biological Characteristics of Royal Jelly

    PubMed Central

    Moraes, Larissa Ariana Roveroni; Ferreira, Nathália Ursoli; Moreno, Gabriela de Padua; Uahib, Fernanda Grassi Mangolini; Barizon, Edna Aparecida

    2015-01-01

    The alternative use of natural products, like royal jelly (RJ), may be an important tool for the treatment of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria. RJ presents a large number of bioactive substances, including antimicrobial compounds. In this study, we carried out the chemical characterization of fresh and lyophilized RJ and investigated their antibacterial effects with the purpose of evaluating if the lyophilization process maintains the chemical and antibacterial properties of RJ. Furthermore, we evaluated the antibacterial efficacy of the main fatty acid found in RJ, the 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10H2DA). Chromatographic profile of the RJ samples showed similar fingerprints and the presence of 10H2DA in both samples. Furthermore, fresh and lyophilized RJ were effective against all bacteria evaluated; that is, the lyophilization process maintains the antibacterial activity of RJ and the chemical field of 10H2DA. The fatty acid 10H2DA exhibited a good antibacterial activity against Streptococcus pneumoniae. Therefore, it may be used as an alternative and complementary treatment for infections caused by antibiotic-resistant S. pneumoniae. PMID:26064175

  14. Galileo dust data from the jovian system: 2000 to 20031 H. Krugera,b,1, D. Bindschadlerc, S. F. Dermottd, A. L. Grapse, E. Grunb,f , B. A. Gustaf-2

    E-print Network

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    Galileo dust data from the jovian system: 2000 to 20031 H. Kr¨ugera,b,1, D. Bindschadlerc, S. F The Galileo spacecraft was the first man-made satellite of Jupiter, orbiting the8 planet between December 1995 dust environment be-10 tween approximately 2 and 370 RJ (jovian radius RJ = 71492km). The Galileo dust

  15. Jackson K. Njau Assistant Professor

    E-print Network

    Polly, David

    paleolandscapes in Eastern African · Vertebrate taphonomy and zooarchaeology · Crocodile feeding behavior, ecology, J.K., Blumenschine, R.J., Densmore, L.D. 2010. A New Horned Crocodile From Plio-Pleistocene Hominid, J.K. and Blumenschine, R.J. 2006. A Diagnosis of Crocodile Damage to Large Vertebrate Bones

  16. Discipline with Dignity: Oakland Classrooms Try Healing Instead of Punishment

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Davis, Fania

    2014-01-01

    Nelson Mandela's adage, "I destroy my enemies when I make them my friends" captures the profoundly inclusive nature of restorative justice (RJ). The hallmark of RJ is intentionally bringing together people with seemingly diametrically opposed viewpoints--particularly people who have harmed with people who have been harmed--in a…

  17. Contextualizing Restorative Justice for Hate Crime

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gavrielides, Theo

    2012-01-01

    The application of restorative justice (RJ) with hate crime remains an underdeveloped field of research, policy, and practice. This article aims to advance the understanding of these two areas of inquiry: RJ and hate crime. It is known that while most hate incidents involve minor, punishable offenses, their impact can be long lasting and…

  18. Does offshore crustal taper control an onshore topographic displacement gradient in SE Brasil?

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Redfield, Tim; Terje Osmundsen, Per; Peron-Pinvidic, Gwenn

    2015-04-01

    The SE Brasilian Serras da Mantiqueira and do Mar topographic envelopes exhibit coast-parallel displacement gradients typical of linked normal faults in extending terrain. Between southern Curitiba and Cabo Frio, coast-perpendicular profiles show the distance from the maximum escarpment elevation to the likely location of the extended margin's flexural/rheological coupling point (Taper Break, or TB) is inversely correlative to the height of the escarpment. The correlation is similar to previously-published scaling relationships derived from Scandinavian and global datasets. Although Precambrian ductile shear zones guided brittle phase faulting during Mesozoic extension and Cenozoic margin uplift, the primary control governing fault reactivation and source-to-sink evolution of the SE Brasilian rifted margin seems rooted in crustal thinning. We see two lines of interest for petroleum exploration: Preferential reactivation of high angle faults at sharply-tapered margin sectors is expected to guide onshore to offshore sediment routing along margin-parallel corridors, and (should the TB-escarpment correlation be better validated with proposed analyses of high-quality marine geophysical datasets) a partial constraint upon architectural end member interpretations of deep crustal structure may be contemplated.

  19. Alguns Aspectos do Teatro no Brasil nos Séculos XVIII e XIX

    E-print Network

    Araú jo, Né lson de

    1977-10-01

    . Com Artur Azevedo (1855-1908) encerrou-se este período do teatro brasileiro. Artur viveu o palco em quase tudo o que ele podia oferecer, desde a literatura dramática à direção de cena, e foi, por sobre tudo isso, um militante em defesa do teatro.... Suas obras pertencem àquele teatro europeu que, no século XVIII, rompeu definitivamente com os modelos clássicos e acolheu o canto e a música como elementos do espetáculo dramático, bem representado à distância, na Inglaterra, por John Gay, o autor de...

  20. Diversity of low chill peaches from Asia, Brasil, Europe and the USA

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    One hundred fifty-five peach (Prunus persica) cultivars, from Asia, Brazil, Europe, and the USA, were examined using eleven SSRs to study the genetic relationships among low chill as compared to high chill peach germplasm. Data was analyzed by NTSYSpc to form a similarity matrix using Nei and Li’s ...

  1. Abandonment and accessibility in railway historical buildings: Central do Brasil and Leopoldina Railstation.

    PubMed

    Brasil, C C G; Costa, A M; Castañon, J A B

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to demonstrate the evolution of a study in the city of Juiz de Fora-MG, whose objective is the assessment of areas of train station in relation to the inclusion of people with disabilities and consequently promote the historical and cultural heritage of this city. The railway buildings are important landmarks in the history of the city and its surroundings was formed the first core of urban development. Because this building was of the early nineteenth century, these were not designed to assist people with disabilities, in effect, we observed that the buildings are being underutilized. The difficulty of insertion of incentive policies is therefore not due to the commitment by the majority, making the deployment of new access. PMID:22317575

  2. Essentialism and the expression of social stereotypes: a comparative study of Spain, Brasil and England.

    PubMed

    Pereira, Marcos Emanoel; Alvaro Estramiana, José Luis; Schweiger Gallo, Inge

    2010-11-01

    Over the past few years, one of the most productive directions in the study of the activation and application of stereotypes has been provided by the essentialist concept of categorization. The research presented here studied the impact of two dimensions of essentialist beliefs--naturalism and entitativity-by using data collected from Brazil, Spain and England. The aim was to test whether there was a greater degree of essentialization among the naturalizable categories (sex, age and race) than among the entitative categories (economic condition, religion, political orientation, nationality and social condition). The results not only showed that participants hold more essentialist beliefs with regard to naturalistic categories but also showed the differences in the degree of essentialization across the three cultures. A discussion is conducted on the implications of the present findings, and on the heuristic value of the theoretical model (of the bidimensional nature of essentialism) adopted by this research. PMID:20977029

  3. Situation Reports--Brasil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

    Data relating to population and family planning in six foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Brazil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two topics, general background and family planning situation. General background…

  4. Consideracoes Historicas sobre o Ensino Profissionalizante no Brasil (Historical Considerations about Professional Education in Brazil).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Barros, Marta Silene Ferreira

    2000-01-01

    Analyzes the paths taken in professional education in Brazil from the colonial period until the formation of the republic. Refers to specialists as well as specific laws for each period described in the study. (BT)

  5. Astrometry and numerical methods for the solar heliometer at Observatorio Nacional in Brasil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andrei, A.; Boscardin, S.; Penna, J.; Sigismondi, C.; Reis Neto, E.; d'Avila, V.

    2015-08-01

    Started its regular, daily operational phase in 2011, the results so far obtained show that the Heliometer from Observatorio Nacional (O.N.) fulfilled its planed performance of single measurement to the level of few tens of mas, freely pivoting around the heliolatitudes without systematic deviations or error enhancement. Such fruition led to evaluate high order terms that are commonly neglected in other solar astrometric observations. Namely, these are: the constancy of the basic heliometric angle, the dependence to meteorological and pointing conditions, the second order terms for diurnal aberration and parallax, the accounting of the Earth's ellipticity of the orbit, and the second order atmospheric refraction. We present and discuss these astrometric additions that are seldom required on ground base astronomic programs.

  6. Impactos ambientais e socioeconmicos da Seca de 2012 / 2014 no Baixo Jaguaribe, Estado do Cear, Brasil

    E-print Network

    Jaguaribe in the Ceará State with the goal of understanding how the population reacts to the environmental the impacts of drought occurred after the discovery, through satellite imagery, the disappearance of lakes

  7. The Research Program at RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)-III

    SciTech Connect

    Lichtenthaeler, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Mendes, D. R. Jr; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Barioni, A.; Morais, M. C.; Pampa Condori, R.; Assuncao, M.; Moro, A. M.; Rodriguez-Gallardo, M.; Arazi, A.

    2010-04-30

    A part of the research program developed in the RIBRAS facility over the last four years is presented. Experiments using radioactive secondary beams of light exotic nuclei such as {sup 6}He, {sup 7}Be, {sup 8}Li on several targets have been performed. Elastic angular distributions have been analysed by the Optical Model and four body Continuous Discretized Coupled Channels Calculations (4b-CDCC) and the total reaction cross sections have been obtained. A comparison between the reaction cross sections of {sup 6}He and other stable projectiles with medium-heavy targets was performed. Measurements of the proton transfer reaction {sup 12}C({sup 8}Li,{sup 9}Be){sup 11}B are also presented.

  8. Edited by Peter J. Roy. Last revised January 3, 2014. Published December 16, 2014. This chapter should be cited as: Holden-Dye L. and Walker R.J. Anthelmintic drugs and nematicides: studies in Caenorhabditis elegans (December 16, 2014), WormBook, ed. The

    E-print Network

    ............................................................................................................................ 17 1 #12;Abstract Parasitic nematodes infect many species of animals throughout the phyla, including of parasitic nematodes. First, many anth ...............................................................................2 2. Is C. elegans a model `parasite

  9. Phases in antiferroelectric-side Rb1 x,,ND4...xD2AsO4 mixed crystals by light scattering Chi-Shun Tu, S.-S. Gao, R.-J. Jaw, Z.-Q. Xue, and L.-G. Hwa

    E-print Network

    Phases in antiferroelectric-side Rb1 x,,ND4...xD2AsO4 mixed crystals by light scattering Chi in the tetragonal symmetry space group I4¯2d-D2d 12 ) can be decomposed into the following irreduc- ible are Raman active. The situation in the mixed system DRADA-x is more complicated than in the parent crystals

  10. Multi-wavelength observations of serendipitous Chandra sources P. Gandhi 1 , C.S. Crawford 1 , A.C. Fabian 1 , R.J. Wilman 1;2 , R.M. Johnstone 1 , A.J. Barger 3;4;5;6 and

    E-print Network

    Gandhi, Poshak

    of Astronomy, Madingley Road, Cambridge CB3 0HA, England 2. Leiden Observatory, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden, The Netherlands 3. Institute for Astronomy, 2680 Woodlawn Drive, Honolulu HI 96822, USA 4. Dept. of Astronomy-up in the near-infrared and optical. The X-ray data indicate that many of these are powerful, obscured sources

  11. Geographical influences on content of 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid in royal jelly in China.

    PubMed

    Wei, Wen-Ting; Hu, Yuan-Qiang; Zheng, Huo-Qing; Cao, Lian-Fei; Hu, Fu-Liang; Hepburn, H Randall

    2013-10-01

    The content of 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA), a marker compound in royal jelly (RJ), is the most important criterion in grading RJ for commercial trade and varies with its origin. To identify the effect of geographical origin on 10-HDA content in RJ, 138 samples were collected from 19 provinces of China (divided into three groups) produced by either Apis mellifera ligustica Spinola, 1806 or a hybrid of A. m. ligustica and Apis mellifera carnica Pollman, 1879 and analyzed for moisture, sugar, crude protein, ash, acid, and 10-HDA concentration. The results show that RJ from western China has a significantly higher 10-HDA level (2.01 +/- 0.05%) than those from northeastern (1.87 +/- 0.05%) and eastern (1.75 +/- 0.03%) China. RJ secreted by hybrid bees contained more 10-HDA (1.89 +/- 0.03%) than that secreted by A. m. ligustica (1.78 +/- 0.03%). The 10-HDA content of RJ produced during flowering of rape (Brassica campestris L.), lime (Tilia amurensis Ruprecht), and vitex (Vitex negundo L. variety heterophylla (Franch.) Rehder) was 1.92, 1.80, and 1.68%, respectively. The results would be helpful during the process of price determination of RJ by providing some basis of geographical, bee strain, and botanical information for commercial trade. PMID:24224235

  12. Understanding light harvesting in radial junction amorphous silicon thin film solar cells.

    PubMed

    Yu, Linwei; Misra, Soumyadeep; Wang, Junzhuan; Qian, Shengyi; Foldyna, Martin; Xu, Jun; Shi, Yi; Johnson, Erik; Cabarrocas, Pere Roca I

    2014-01-01

    The radial junction (RJ) architecture has proven beneficial for the design of a new generation of high performance thin film photovoltaics. We herein carry out a comprehensive modeling of the light in-coupling, propagation and absorption profile within RJ thin film cells based on an accurate set of material properties extracted from spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements. This has enabled us to understand and evaluate the impact of varying several key parameters on the light harvesting in radially formed thin film solar cells. We found that the resonance mode absorption and antenna-like light in-coupling behavior in the RJ cell cavity can lead to a unique absorption distribution in the absorber that is very different from the situation expected in a planar thin film cell, and that has to be taken into account in the design of high performance RJ thin film solar cells. When compared to the experimental EQE response of real RJ solar cells, this modeling also provides an insightful and powerful tool to resolve the wavelength-dependent contributions arising from individual RJ units and/or from strong light trapping due to the presence of the RJ cell array. PMID:24619197

  13. The Effects of Royal Jelly on Fitness Traits and Gene Expression in Drosophila melanogaster

    PubMed Central

    Shorter, John R.; Geisz, Matthew; Özsoy, Ergi; Magwire, Michael M.; Carbone, Mary Anna; Mackay, Trudy F. C.

    2015-01-01

    Royal Jelly (RJ) is a product made by honey bee workers and is required for queen differentiation and accompanying changes in queen body size, development time, lifespan and reproductive output relative to workers. Previous studies have reported similar changes in Drosophila melanogaster in response to RJ. Here, we quantified viability, development time, body size, productivity, lifespan and genome wide transcript abundance of D. melanogaster reared on standard culture medium supplemented with increasing concentrations of RJ. We found that lower concentrations of RJ do induce significant differences in body size in both sexes; higher concentrations reduce size, increase mortality, shorten lifespan and reduce productivity. Increased concentrations of RJ also consistently lengthened development time in both sexes. RJ is associated with changes in expression of 1,581 probe sets assessed using Affymetrix Drosophila 2.0 microarrays, which were enriched for genes associated with metabolism and amino acid degradation. The transcriptional changes are consistent with alterations in cellular processes to cope with excess nutrients provided by RJ, including biosynthesis and detoxification, which might contribute to accelerated senescence and reduced lifespan. PMID:26226016

  14. Protective Effect of Royal Jelly on In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) in Male Mice Treated with Oxymetholone

    PubMed Central

    Zahmatkesh, Ensieh; Najafi, Gholamreza; Nejati, Vahid

    2015-01-01

    Objective This study aimed to investigate the effects of royal jelly (RJ) on catalase, total antioxidant capacity and embryo development in adult mice treated with oxymetholone (OXM). Materials and Methods In this exprimental study, 32 male and 96 female adult Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) mice (7-9 weeks of age) with a ratio of 1:3 for fertili- zation purposes were randomly divided into 4 groups as follows: i. Control group (n=8) receiving 0.1 ml/mice saline daily by gavage for 30 day, ii. RJ group (n=8) treated with RJ at a dose of 100 mg/kg daily by gavage for 30 days, iii. OXM group (n=8) receiving OXM at the dose of 5 mg/kg daily by gavage for 30 days and iv. RJ+OXM group (n=8) receiving RJ at the dose of 100 mg/kg daily by gavage concomitant with 100 mg/kg OXM adminis- tration for 30 days. Results Analysis revealed a significant reduction in catalase, total antioxidant, as well as embryo development in OXM group (P<0.05). However, RJ group showed a salient recovery in the all of the above mentioned parameters and embryo toxicity. Conclusion The results of this study indicated a partially protective effect of RJ against OXM-induced embryo toxicity. PMID:26464831

  15. Understanding Light Harvesting in Radial Junction Amorphous Silicon Thin Film Solar Cells

    PubMed Central

    Yu, Linwei; Misra, Soumyadeep; Wang, Junzhuan; Qian, Shengyi; Foldyna, Martin; Xu, Jun; Shi, Yi; Johnson, Erik; Cabarrocas, Pere Roca i

    2014-01-01

    The radial junction (RJ) architecture has proven beneficial for the design of a new generation of high performance thin film photovoltaics. We herein carry out a comprehensive modeling of the light in-coupling, propagation and absorption profile within RJ thin film cells based on an accurate set of material properties extracted from spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements. This has enabled us to understand and evaluate the impact of varying several key parameters on the light harvesting in radially formed thin film solar cells. We found that the resonance mode absorption and antenna-like light in-coupling behavior in the RJ cell cavity can lead to a unique absorption distribution in the absorber that is very different from the situation expected in a planar thin film cell, and that has to be taken into account in the design of high performance RJ thin film solar cells. When compared to the experimental EQE response of real RJ solar cells, this modeling also provides an insightful and powerful tool to resolve the wavelength-dependent contributions arising from individual RJ units and/or from strong light trapping due to the presence of the RJ cell array. PMID:24619197

  16. Proteomic Analysis of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera Larvae Fed with Heterospecific Royal Jelly and by CSBV Challenge

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Xiu; Han, Richou

    2014-01-01

    Chinese honeybee Apis cerana (Ac) is one of the major Asian honeybee species for local apiculture. However, Ac is frequently damaged by Chinese sacbrood virus (CSBV), whereas Apis mellifera (Am) is usually resistant to it. Heterospecific royal jelly (RJ) breeding in two honeybee species may result in morphological and genetic modification. Nevertheless, knowledge on the resistant mechanism of Am to this deadly disease is still unknown. In the present study, heterospecific RJ breeding was conducted to determine the effects of food change on the larval mortality after CSBV infection at early larval stage. 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/TOF MS proteomic technology was employed to unravel the molecular event of the bees under heterospecific RJ breeding and CSBV challenge. The change of Ac larval food from RJC to RJM could enhance the bee resistance to CSBV. The mortality rate of Ac larvae after CSBV infection was much higher when the larvae were fed with RJC compared with the larvae fed with RJM. There were 101 proteins with altered expressions after heterospecific RJ breeding and viral infection. In Ac larvae, 6 differential expression proteins were identified from heterospecific RJ breeding only, 21 differential expression proteins from CSBV challenge only and 7 differential expression proteins from heterospecific RJ breeding plus CSBV challenge. In Am larvae, 17 differential expression proteins were identified from heterospecific RJ breeding only, 26 differential expression proteins from CSBV challenge only and 24 differential expression proteins from heterospecific RJ breeding plus CSBV challenge. The RJM may protect Ac larvae from CSBV infection, probably by activating the genes in energy metabolism pathways, antioxidation and ubiquitin-proteasome system. The present results, for the first time, comprehensively descript the molecular events of the viral infection of Ac and Am after heterospecific RJ breeding and are potentially useful for establishing CSBV resistant populations of Ac for apiculture. PMID:25102167

  17. In-Depth N-Glycosylation Reveals Species-Specific Modifications and Functions of the Royal Jelly Protein from Western (Apis mellifera) and Eastern Honeybees (Apis cerana).

    PubMed

    Feng, Mao; Fang, Yu; Han, Bin; Xu, Xiang; Fan, Pei; Hao, Yue; Qi, Yuping; Hu, Han; Huo, Xinmei; Meng, Lifeng; Wu, Bin; Li, Jianke

    2015-12-01

    Royal jelly (RJ), secreted by honeybee workers, plays diverse roles as nutrients and defense agents for honeybee biology and human health. Despite being reported to be glycoproteins, the glycosylation characterization and functionality of RJ proteins in different honeybee species are largely unknown. An in-depth N-glycoproteome analysis and functional assay of RJ produced by Apis mellifera lingustica (Aml) and Apis cerana cerana (Acc) were conducted. RJ produced by Aml yielded 80 nonredundant N-glycoproteins carrying 190 glycosites, of which 23 novel proteins harboring 35 glycosites were identified. For Acc, all 43 proteins glycosylated at 138 glycosites were reported for the first time. Proteins with distinct N-glycoproteomic characteristics in terms of glycoprotein species, number of N-glycosylated sites, glycosylation motif, abundance level of glycoproteins, and N-glycosites were observed in this two RJ samples. The fact that the low inhibitory efficiency of N-glycosylated major royal jelly protein 2 (MRJP2) against Paenibacillus larvae (P. larvae) and the absence of antibacterial related glycosylated apidaecin, hymenoptaecin, and peritrophic matrix in the Aml RJ compared to Acc reveal the mechanism for why the Aml larvae are susceptible to P. larvae, the causative agent of a fatal brood disease (American foulbrood, AFB). The observed antihypertension activity of N-glycosylated MRJP1 in two RJ samples and a stronger activity found in Acc than in Aml reveal that specific RJ protein and modification are potentially useful for the treatment of hypertensive disease for humans. Our data gain novel understanding that the western and eastern bees have evolved species-specific strategies of glycosylation to fine-tune protein activity for optimizing molecular function as nutrients and immune agents for the good of honeybee and influence on the health promoting activity for human as well. This serves as a valuable resource for the targeted probing of the biological functions of RJ proteins for honeybee and medical communities. PMID:26496797

  18. Effect of Fresh Royal Jelly Ingestion on Glycemic Response in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

    PubMed Central

    Mobasseri, Majid; Ghiyasvand, Shahram; Ostadrahimi, Alireza; Ghojazadeh, Morteza; Noshad, Hamid; Pourmoradian, Samira

    2015-01-01

    Background: Type 2 diabetes is the fourth major public health problem worldwide. Royal Jelly (RJ) insulin-like activity and blood glucose modulating properties have been reported in animal and healthy volunteers. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effect of a single dose of fresh RJ as a complementary therapy on glycemic response in patients with type 2 diabetes. Patients and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 40 patients with type 2 diabetes were assigned into the RJ (n = 20) and placebo (n = 20) groups and received either 10 g fresh RJ or placebo after overnight fasting. Serum glucose, insulin and C-peptide concentrations were determined at 0, 60, 120 minutes after the intervention. Independent t-tests and repeated measures ANOVA were used to analyze data. Results: The mean serum glucose levels were significantly decreased in RJ and placebo groups; however, mean serum level was different but not statistically. (P = 0.77). One hour after RJ ingestion the mean serum insulin concentrations were increased and after 2 hours it was decreased insignificantly (P = 0.54, P = 0.20). The mean C-peptide concentrations were significantly increased after 1 and 2 hours of RJ ingestion; however, in the placebo group we observed a slight but insignificant reduction at the time of 1 and 2 hours in the mean C-peptide serum levels (P = 0.40). Moreover, there was no significant difference in none of the glycemic control parameters between both studied groups (P > 0.05). Conclusions: It seems that RJ does not appear to have significant immediate effects on glycemic factors in patients with type 2 diabetes. However, further studies with larger sample sizes and different doses of RJ are needed to achieve more precise results. PMID:26473074

  19. Protective effect of royal jelly in 2,4,6 trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid-induced colitis in rats

    PubMed Central

    Karaca, Turan; Uz, Yesim Hulya; Demirtas, Selim; Karaboga, Ihsan; Can, Guray

    2015-01-01

    Objective(s): In the present study, we evaluated immunological and immunomodulatory properties of royal jelly (RJ) in 2,4,6 trinitrobenzene sulfonic acid (TNBS)-induced colitis in rats. Materials and Methods: Eighteen adult female Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups of six animals each: a control group that received only saline solution, a TNBS-induced colitis group, and a TNBS-colitis+RJ group that received 250 mg/kg/day of RJ for seven days before the induction of colitis, following by the same treatment for an additional seven days. At the end of the experiment, cardiac blood and colon samples were obtained under deep anaesthesia from the animals in all groups. Serum interleukin-1? (IL-1?), tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-?) and IL-10 levels were analyzed with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Five-micrometre-thick sections were stained with haematoxylin-eosin (H&E) for microscopic evaluations. For immunohistochemical evaluations, the paraffin sections were stained with anti-CD3 (cluster of differentiation), anti-CD5, anti-CD8 and anti-CD45. Results: The results showed that the oral RJ treatment inhibited proinflammatory cytokines, IL-1? and TNF-? secretion, while increasing anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 production in the TNBS-induced colitis+RJ group compared with the colitis group not treated with RJ. The colitis was not as severe in the colitis+RJ group, with ulcerative damage, weight loss and inflammatory scores suggesting that impaired CD3-, CD5-, CD8- and CD45-positive T cell immune responses likely mediated the anti-inflammatory effect. Conclusion: The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties of RJ protected colon mucosa against TNBS-induced colitis in rats orally treated with RJ. PMID:26019800

  20. Royal Jelly Modulates Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in Liver and Kidneys of Rats Treated with Cisplatin

    PubMed Central

    Karadeniz, Ali; Simsek, Nejdet; Karakus, Emre; Yildirim, Serap; Kara, Adem; Can, Ismail; Kisa, Fikrullah; Emre, Habib; Turkeli, Mehmet

    2011-01-01

    Cisplatin (CDDP) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in the treatment of cancer and has adverse side effects such as nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. The present study was designed to determine the effects of royal jelly (RJ) against oxidative stress caused by CDDP injury of the kidneys and liver, by measuring tissue biochemical and antioxidant parameters and investigating apoptosis immunohistochemically. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups, group C: control group received 0.9% saline; group CDDP: injected i.p. with cisplatin (CDDP, 7?mg?kg?1 body weight i.p., single dose); group RJ: treated for 15 consecutive days by gavage with RJ (300?mg/kg/day); group RJ + CDDP: treated by gavage with RJ 15 days following a single injection of CDDP. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels, glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in liver and kidney homogenates, and the liver and kidney were also histologically examined. RJ elicited a significant protective effect towards liver and kidney by decreasing the level of lipid peroxidation (MDA), elevating the level of GSH, and increasing the activities of GST, GSH-Px, and SOD. In the immunohistochemical examinations were observed significantly enhanced apoptotic cell numbers and degenerative changes by cisplatin, but these histological changes were lower in the liver and kidney tissues of RJ + CDDP group. Besides, treatment with RJ lead to an increase in antiapoptotic activity hepatocytes and tubular epithelium. In conclusion, RJ may be used in combination with cisplatin in chemotherapy to improve cisplatin-induced oxidative stress parameters and apoptotic activity. PMID:21904651

  1. Electronic Journal Of Qualitative Theory Of Differential Equations 2012, No. 65, 1-12; http://www.math.u-szeged.hu/ejqtde/

    E-print Network

    Géza, Makay

    (t)) , i = 1, . . . , n, dvj(t) dt = vj(t) - rj(t) + n l=1 djl(t)ul(t - jl(t)) - m h=1 ejh(t)vh(t - jh(t)) , j = 1, . . . , m, where ai, rj, ail, bij, djl, ejh C(R, (0, )), il, ij, jl, jh C(R, R)(i, l = 1(t)) - m h=1 ejh(t)vh(t - jh(t)) , j = 1, . . ., m, (1.1) where ai, rj, ail, bij, djl, ejh C(R, (0, )), il

  2. Analysis of the Three-dimensional Superradiance Problem and Some Generalizations 

    E-print Network

    Sen Gupta, Indranil

    2011-10-21

    and substituting (II.3) into (II.1) gives ??j(t) = ? ? k N? l=1 ? t 0 dt?g2k?l(t?) exp[i(?k ? ?)(t? ? t) + ik ? (rj ? rl)]. (II.4) (II.4) can be reduced to ??j(t) = ?? N? l=1 fjl?l(t), (II.5) where fjl = sin(k0|rj?rl|)(k0|rj?rl|) , k0 = ?c... and and ? is the single atom spontaneous decay rate given by ? = Vphk20 pic g2k0. Now (II.5) can be written in the following matrix form ?B = ??FB, (II.6) where B = ? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ? ?? ? ? ??? ?1(t) ?2(t) . . . ?N...

  3. 2006 Selected Publications

    Cancer.gov

    Serum peptidome patterns that distinguish metastatic thyroid carcinoma from cancer-free controls are unbiased by gender and age.Villanueva J, Martorella AJ, Lawlor K, Philip J, Fleisher M, Robbins RJ, Tempst P.Mol Cell Proteomics.

  4. Acute nephritic syndrome

    MedlinePLUS

    ... may be done include: Blood electrolytes Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) Creatinine - blood Creatinine clearance Potassium test Protein ... Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 122. Nachman PH, Jennette JC, Falk RJ. Primary glomerular disease. In: ...

  5. IgA nephropathy

    MedlinePLUS

    ... swelling of the body. Tests include: Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) blood test to measure kidney function Creatinine ... Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 122. Nachman PH, Jennette JC, Falk RJ. Primary glomerular disease. In: ...

  6. Motives of Negro Americans who Aspire to Traditionally Open and Closed Occupations

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Littig, Lawrence W.

    1971-01-01

    Portions of this paper were presented at the 16th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Amsterdam, Netherlands, August, 1968, and at the 7th International Congress of Rorschach And Other Projective Techniques, London, England, August, 1968. (RJ)

  7. Usual Dietary Intakes: Further Information

    Cancer.gov

    Freedman LS, Midthune D, Carroll RJ, Krebs-Smith S, Subar AF, Troiano RP, Dodd K, Schatzkin A, Bingham SA, Ferrari P, Kipnis V. Adjustments to improve the estimation of usual dietary intake distributions in the population.

  8. Aspirin

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Guidelines . Circulation . 2011 ; 123 : 2022 – 2060 . FREE Full Text 4. ? Antithrombotic Trialists' (ATT) Collaboration , Baigent C , Blackwell ... BMJ . 2002 ; 324 : 71 – 86 . Abstract / FREE Full Text 6. ? Furie KL , Kasner SE , Adams RJ , Albers ...

  9. Some Implications for Afro-American Culture: Rationalism and Western Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Walton, Ortiz M.

    1973-01-01

    Will the computer or instruments powered by electrical energy become the most efficient means by which to produce Western music, replacing the live performer? If so, what will be the effects of electronic, mechanical music on society? (Author/RJ)

  10. Additional File Nested clade phylogeographic analysis

    E-print Network

    Pierce, Naomi E.

    , and nested clades were designated on the resulting networks (Fig. A1). GeoDis 2.5 [A8] was used to examine RC, Dyer RJ, Beheregaray LB, Sunnucks P: Babies and bathwater: a comment on the premature obituary

  11. Michele Triestino Rua Marqus de So Vicente, 225

    E-print Network

    Díaz, Lorenzo J.

    , Probability Theory, Statistical Mechanics, Geometry and Geometric Group Theory. Current research 2015+ Groups Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ, Brazil. 10/11/2014 Métricas aleatórias auto-similares sobre alguns fractais auto

  12. Improvisation and the Aural Tradition in Afro-American Music

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Brown, Marion

    1973-01-01

    From collective improvisation in Afro-American music arose liberated improvisations designed to exhibit personal virtuosity. But that was all that changed; spontaneity and personal sound remained the most interesting components of the music. (Author/RJ)

  13. Geodesic Bezier Curves: a Tool for Modeling on Triangulations Dimas Martinez Morera Paulo Cezar Carvalho Luiz Velho

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    , Jardim Bot^anico, Rio de Janeiro, RJ. 22460-320 Figure 1. Modeling on the surface of a cow. From left overview of the state of the art of Discrete Geodesic computation and present a simple description

  14. Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers. — Measures of the Food Environment

    Cancer.gov

    Skala K, Chuang RJ, Evans A, Hedberg AM, Dave J, Sharma S. Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers.

  15. VIRTUAL SUGARCANE BIOREFINERY: A TOOL TO COMPARE THE SUSTAINABILITY OF DIFFERENT

    E-print Network

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    VIRTUAL SUGARCANE BIOREFINERY: A TOOL TO COMPARE THE SUSTAINABILITY Angra dos Reis, RJ, Brazil ­ July 2011 #12;Concept Virtual Sugarcane Biorefinery routes. In all routes sugarcane agricultural technologies are included VSB #12

  16. Royal Jelly Facilitates Restoration of the Cognitive Ability in Trimethyltin-Intoxicated Mice

    PubMed Central

    Hattori, Noriko; Ohta, Shozo; Sakamoto, Takashi; Mishima, Satoshi; Furukawa, Shoei

    2011-01-01

    Trimethyltin (TMT) is a toxic organotin compound that induces acute neuronal death selectively in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) followed by cognition impairment; however the TMT-injured hippocampal DG itself is reported to regenerate the neuronal cell layer through rapid enhancement of neurogenesis. Neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/NPCs) are present in the adult hippocampal DG, and generate neurons that can function for the cognition ability. Therefore, we investigated whether royal jelly (RJ) stimulates the regenerating processes of the TMT-injured hippocampal DG, and found that orally administered RJ significantly increased the number of DG granule cells and simultaneously improved the cognitive impairment. Furthermore, we have already shown that RJ facilitates neurogenesis of cultured NS/NPCs. These present results, taken together with previous observations, suggest that the orally administered RJ may be a promising avenue for ameliorating neuronal function by regenerating hippocampal granule cells that function in the cognition process. PMID:19376837

  17. Agrawal A, Wetherill L, Dick DM, Xuei X, Hinrichs A, Hesselbrock V, Kramer J, Nurnberger JI, Schuckit M, Bierut LJ, Edenberg HJ, Foroud T. Evidence for association

    E-print Network

    Oliver, Douglas L.

    of contingency management for cocaine dependence among African American, Hispanic, and White methadone with cocaine-related behaviors. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009. 66:267-74. (Pubmed ID 19255376) Fontana RJ

  18. Peer-reviewed Publications in 2010 (Bold = BRC Faculty) Acosta MT, Munasinghe J, Pearl PL, Gupta M, Finegersh A, Gibson KM, Theodore WH. (2010)

    E-print Network

    2010-01-01

    Carthy CW, Keim A, Wang HB, Gilbert RJ, and Goldman J (2010) Biomaterial Guides for Lymphatic Endothelial and characterization of an inorganic gold and silica nanoparticle mediated drug delivery system for nitric oxide

  19. The Voucher Plan Debate

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Elford, George

    1972-01-01

    Argues that the education voucher experiment proposed by the United States Office of Economic Opportunity promises benefits especially for the poor, but that support for it will be hard to come by. (RJ)

  20. Lung diffusion testing

    MedlinePLUS

    ... hold your breath for 10 seconds, then rapidly blow it out (exhale). The exhaled gas is tested ... Hegewald MJ, Crapo RO. Pulmonary function testing. In: Mason RJ, ... of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Elsevier ...

  1. Joint Institute Marine and Atmospheric

    E-print Network

    Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

    Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research NATIONALOCEA NIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION Contribution 00-328 #12;ii This research is funded by Cooperative Agreement Number NA67RJ0154 between the Joint

  2. Society's Survival: Equal Educational Opportunities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Buchmiller, Archie

    1972-01-01

    Discusses the property valuation system which is available for taxation by school districts to finance their educational programs. Contends that a shift in classification from property valuation to income may not solve the regional disparities in district wealth. (RJ)

  3. Pulmonary veno-occlusive disease

    MedlinePLUS

    Channick RN, Rubin LJ. Pulmonary hypertension. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al., eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap ...

  4. Parainfluenza

    MedlinePLUS

    Lee FE, Treanor J. Viral infections. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus CV, Martin TR, et al. Murray & Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap 31. Weinberg ...

  5. How to breathe when you are short of breath

    MedlinePLUS

    Celli BR, ZuWallack RL. Pulmonary rehabilitation. In: Mason RJ, Murray JF, Broaddus VC, et al., eds. Murray and Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2010:chap ...

  6. Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 88. Shapiro SD, Reilly JJ Jr, Rennard SI. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus CV, Martin TR, et al. Murray & Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, ...

  7. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - quick-relief drugs

    MedlinePLUS

    ... Physician . 2010;81:607-613. Shapiro SD, Reilly JJ Jr, Rennard SI. Chronic bronchitis and emphysema. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al. Murray & Nadel's Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, ...

  8. Using Electronic Documents for Knowledge Acquisition and Model Maintenance

    E-print Network

    Molina, Martín

    of complexity with different interrelated types of knowledge for different purposes (e.g., 143 KBs-experts in computers [4]. In "Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems". V. Palade, R.J. Howlett

  9. 76 FR 50737 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Experimental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ...483-494, 1988; Harris, R.J., ``Comprehension of pragmatic implication in advertising,'' Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 603-608, 1977; Jacoby, J., and W. Hoyer, ``The comprehension and miscomprehension of print...

  10. Learn More about Combining Instruments | Dietary Assessment Primer

    Cancer.gov

    Carroll RJ, Midthune D, Subar AF, Shumakovich M, Freedman LS, Thompson FE, Kipnis V. Taking advantage of the strengths of 2 different dietary assessment instruments to improve intake estimates for nutritional epidemiology.

  11. Methadone Maintenance as Law and Order

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Heyman, Florence

    1972-01-01

    Argues that substitution of methadone for heroin would not rehabilitate the drug addict, but it may be used as a method of tranquilizing a potentially troublesome ghetto and poor white population. (RJ)

  12. Facts about Cleft Lip and Cleft Palate

    MedlinePLUS

    ... 2008;199:237.e1-9. Margulis AV, Mitchell AA, Gilboa SM, Werler MM, Glynn RJ, Hernandez-Diaz S, ... e7. Werler MM, Ahrens KA, Bosco JL, Michell AA, Anderka MT, Gilboa SM, Holmes LB, National Birth ...

  13. Are Nonlinear Ventricular Arrhythmia Characteristics Lost, as Signal Duration Decreases?

    E-print Network

    Povinelli, Richard J.

    Are Nonlinear Ventricular Arrhythmia Characteristics Lost, as Signal Duration Decreases? RJ, nonlinear, phase space based method to quickly and accurately identify life-threatening arrhythmias, have proven to be effective therapy for terminating such ventricular arrhythmias. There is evidence [2

  14. The Rockefeller University Press $30.00 J. Exp. Med. 2015

    E-print Network

    lateral sclerosis (Cady et al., 2014). These data suggest that TREM2 may serve a common function dementia (FTD; R.J. Guerreiro et al., 2013), Parkinson's disease (Rayaprolu et al., 2013), and amyotrophic

  15. The Black Underground: Fugitives from Slavery

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Quarles, Benjamin

    1969-01-01

    A brief account of the activities prior to the American Civil War of those who assisted black slaves in their flight from the South to the Northern States and Canada by an underground railroad movement. (RJ)

  16. Neural Competition for Conscious Representation across Time: An fMRI Study

    E-print Network

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    ,2 *, Tom Johnstone2,3 , Iseult A. M. Beets2 , Richard J. Davidson2,4 1 Cognitive Neuroscience Group, Beets IAM, Davidson RJ (2010) Neural Competition for Conscious Representation across Time: An fMRI Study

  17. "If You Give Him Seeds, He'll Eat Forever"

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Murphy, Betty

    1972-01-01

    Focuses on an OEO-funded farming project through which northern New Mexico Pueblo American Indians are growing crops indoors in nutritive water and gravel through a cultivation process known as hydroponics. (RJ)

  18. Curriculum Vitae: ARNOLD W. SCHUMANN

    E-print Network

    Balser, Teri C.

    Blueberries in Nova Scotia, Canada Selected Publications: (of a total of over 80 publications) Min, M., W. Zaman Q., A.W. Schumann, D.C. Percival, and R.J. Gordon. 2008. Estimation of wild blueberry fruit yield

  19. Abraham, Karl BF173.A159 Abandon scolaire LC65

    E-print Network

    Nesterov, Yurii

    (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) RJ506 Administrateurs d'école, formation professionnelle des LB - Enfant BF723.A75 Attention BF321 Attitude - Attitude consciente BF327 Attraction interpersonnelle HM1151

  20. Direct bservation of agnetic nteractions at tructural and ompositional nterfaces in Fe-Ti xides sing Lorentz icroscopy and lectron olography

    E-print Network

    Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    are of central importance in rock magnetism and of interest for the development of future spintronic devices Science Letters 297 (2010) 10. [2] R.J. Harrison, Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry 39 (2000) 175

  1. Publications Using BTRIS As of March 16, 2015 1. Aksentijevich I, Masters SL, Ferguson PJ, Dancey P, Frenkel J, van Royen-Kerkhoff A,

    E-print Network

    ://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19494218. 2. Alevizos I, Alexander S, Turner RJ, Illei GG. MicroRNA expression profiles as biomarkers of minor salivary gland inflammation and dysfunction in Sjogren's syndrome. Arthritis and rheumatism 2011

  2. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP2001064

    E-print Network

    Collaboration G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. Å¡ Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G. Anagnostou. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , P.J. Bell 1 , G. Bella 22 , A. Graham 26 , E. Gross 24 , J. Grunhaus 22 , M.Gruwâ??e 8 , P.O. GË?unther 3 , A. Gupta 9 , C. Hajdu 29 , M

  3. European Organisation for Nuclear Research CERNEP/00xxx

    E-print Network

    G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. š Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G. Anagnostou 1.H. Ball 8 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , G. Bella 22 , A­Gimbel 3 , G. Giacomelli 2 , P. Giacomelli 8 , D. Glenzinski 9 , J. Goldberg 21 , C. Grandi 2 , K. Graham

  4. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP-2001-001

    E-print Network

    , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. #23; Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G. Anagnostou 1 , K. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , G. Bella 22 , A. Bellerive 9. Giacomelli 8 , D. Glenzinski 9 , J. Goldberg 21 , C. Grandi 2 , K. Graham 26 , E. Gross 24 , J. Grunhaus 22

  5. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP2001061

    E-print Network

    ; The OPAL Collaboration G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. Å¡ Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16. Bailey 26 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , P.J. Bell 1. Glenzinski 9 , J. Goldberg 21 , K. Graham 26 , E. Gross 24 , J. Grunhaus 22 , M.Gruwâ??e 8 , P.O. GË?unther 3

  6. European Organisation for Nuclear Research CERNEP/2000156

    E-print Network

    G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. š Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G. Anagnostou 1.H. Ball 8 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , G. Bella 22 , A­Gimbel 3 , G. Giacomelli 2 , P. Giacomelli 8 , D. Glenzinski 9 , J. Goldberg 21 , C. Grandi 2 , K. Graham

  7. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP2001040

    E-print Network

    Collaboration G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. Å¡ Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G. Anagnostou.H. Ball 8 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , G. Bella 22 , A. Grandi 2 , K. Graham 26 , E. Gross 24 , J. Grunhaus 22 , M.Gruwâ??e 08 , P.O. GË?unther 3 , A. Gupta 9 , C

  8. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP2001003

    E-print Network

    ; The OPAL Collaboration G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. Å¡ Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16. Bailey 26 , A.H. Ball 8 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20. Graham 26 , E. Gross 24 , J. Grunhaus 22 , M.Gruwâ??e 08 , P.O. GË?unther 3 , A. Gupta 9 , C. Hajdu 29 , G

  9. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNEP2001034

    E-print Network

    Collaboration G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. Å¡ Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G. Anagnostou.H. Ball 8 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , G. Bella 22 , A. Grandi 2 , K. Graham 26 , E. Gross 24 , J. Grunhaus 22 , M.Gruwâ??e 08 , P.O. GË?unther 3 , A. Gupta 9 , C

  10. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN-EP-2001-001

    E-print Network

    Collaboration G. Abbiendi 2 , C. Ainsley 5 , P.F. #23; Akesson 3 , G. Alexander 22 , J. Allison 16 , G , .H. Ball 8 , E. Barberio 8 , R.J. Barlow 16 , R.J. Batley 5 , T. Behnke 25 , K.W. Bell 20 , G. Bella-Gimbel 3 , G. Giacomelli 2 , P. Giacomelli 8 , D. Glenzinski 9 , J. Goldberg 21 , C. Grandi 2 , K. Graham

  11. Registration of `HS03243' Soybean Soybean cultivar HS03243 [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (Reg.

    E-print Network

    Registration of `HS0­3243' Soybean Soybean cultivar HS0­3243 [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] (Reg. no. CV Univ., West Lafayette, IN. Fioritto, R.J., S.K. St. Martin, A.E. Dorrance, and R.L. Cooper. 2004' soybean. Crop Sci. 41:590­591. St. Martin, S.K., G.R. Mills, R.J. Fioritto, A.F. Schmitthenner, and R.L

  12. Optically pumped isotopic ammonia laser system

    DOEpatents

    Buchwald, Melvin I. (Santa Fe, NM); Jones, Claude R. (Los Alamos, NM); Nelson, Leonard Y. (Seattle, WA)

    1982-01-01

    An optically pumped isotopic ammonia laser system which is capable of producing a plurality of frequencies in the middle infrared spectral region. Two optical pumping mechanisms are disclosed, i.e., pumping on R(J) and lasing on P(J) in response to enhancement of rotational cascade lasing including stimulated Raman effects, and, pumping on R(J) and lasing on P(J+2). The disclosed apparatus for optical pumping include a hole coupled cavity and a grating coupled cavity.

  13. The Effect of Topical Application of Royal Jelly on Chemoradiotherapy-Induced Mucositis in Head and Neck Cancer: A Preliminary Study

    PubMed Central

    Kogashiwa, Yasunao; Moro, Yorihisa; Kohno, Naoyuki

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. One of the common side effects experienced by head and neck cancer patients on chemoradiotherapy is mucositis. Severe mucositis may be controllable by limiting cancer therapy, but it has resulted in decreasing the completion rate of chemoradiotherapy. The efficacy of royal jelly (RJ) as prophylaxis against chemoradiotherapy-induced mucositis was evaluated through clinical scoring of oral and pharyngeal mucositis. Methods. In this randomized, single-blind (physician-blind), clinical trial, 13 patients with head and neck cancer requiring chemoradiation were randomly assigned to two groups. Seven patients assigned to the study group received RJ, and 6 patients were assigned to the control group. RJ group patients took RJ three times per day during treatment. The patients in both groups were evaluated twice a week for the development of mucositis using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results. A significant reduction in mucositis was seen among RJ-treated patients compared with controls (P < 0.001). Conclusion. This study demonstrated that prophylactic use of RJ was effective in reducing mucositis induced by chemoradiotherapy in head and neck cancer patients. However, further studies are needed because of the small sample size and the absence of double blinding. PMID:25400667

  14. 75 FR 80849 - Notice of Initial Determination Revising the List of Products Requiring Federal Contractor...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-12-23

    ... included the International Labor OrganizaILO, Reporter Brasil, the Citizens' Charcoal Institute (ICC), and... included the International Labor Organization, Reporter Brasil, the Citizens' Charcoal Institute (ICC),...

  15. MAMMALIAN SPECIES No. 665, pp. 16, 3 figs. Callithrix pygmaea. By Wendy R. Townsend

    E-print Network

    Hayssen, Virginia

    ) Pygmy Marmoset Iacchus pygmaeus Spix, 1823:32. Type locality ``Tabatinga, Rio Solimoes, Amazonas, Brasil ``Lago do Ipoxona, Amazonas, Brasil.'' CONTEXT AND CONTENT. Order Primates, family Cal- lithricidae

  16. A high spatial resolution outdoor dose rate map of the Rio de Janeiro city, Brasil, risk assessment and urbanization effects.

    PubMed

    Licínio, M V; Freitas, A C; Evangelista, H; Costa-Gonçalves, A; Miranda, M; Alencar, A S

    2013-12-01

    Geophysical surveys have been widely used for geological mapping, and with appropriate ground calibration the database can be converted to radiometric surveys. Herein we present a case study of a high resolution map of the City of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, constructed by integrating aerial and in situ (ground) measurements. This allowed assessing the influence of urbanization observed between 1978 and 2009 on radiation external exposure. Radiometric, geological and demographics databases were integrated in a Geographic Information System (GIS) facility. The average absorbed dose rate recorded for the city was 96 ± 0.3 nGy h(-1) and ranged from 22 to 152 nGy h(-1) among districts. The corresponding annual effective dose was determined as 0.09 ± 0.01 mSv. The number of people at risk per year according to the estimated natural radiation levels was 17 ± 1.4, among the 28,000 new cases estimated by the INCA (Brazilian National Cancer Institute) within a population of approximately 6.3 million people. PMID:23933084

  17. Dogmatism and the "Knowledge Gap" among Users of the Mass Media of Communication: A Study in Brasilia, Brasil.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Simmons, Robert E.; Garda, Eduardo Carlos

    A study was conducted to discover whether (1) use of each of the print and broadcast media could be correlated with subjects' knowledge level, and (2) whether controlling for dogmatism would increase the proportion of media users, with higher levels of knowledge among those less dogmatic, and decrease the proportion among the more dogmatic.…

  18. [Seasonal evaluation of mammal species richness and abundance in the "Mário Viana" municipal reserve, Mato Grosso, Brasil].

    PubMed

    Rocha, Ednaldo Cândido; Silva, Elias; Martins, Sebastião Venâncio; Barreto, Francisco Cândido Cardoso

    2006-09-01

    We evaluated seasonal species presence and richness, and abundance of medium and large sized mammalian terrestrial fauna in the "Mário Viana" Municipal Biological Reserve, Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso, Brazil. During 2001, two monthly visits were made to an established transect, 2,820 m in length. Records of 22 mammal species were obtained and individual footprint sequences quantified for seasonal calculation of species richness and relative abundance index (x footprints/km traveled). All 22 species occurred during the rainy season, but only 18 during the dry season. Pseudalopex vetulus (Lund, 1842) (hoary fox), Eira barbara (Linnaeus, 1758) (tayra), Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) (cougar) and Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) (capybara) were only registered during the rainy season. The species diversity estimated using the Jackknife procedure in the dry season (19.83, CI = 2.73) was smaller than in the rainy season (25.67, CI = 3.43). Among the 18 species common in the two seasons, only four presented significantly different abundance indexes: Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758 (nine-banded armadillo), Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) (six-banded armadillo), Dasyprocta azarae Lichtenstein, 1823 (Azara's Agouti) and Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) (tapir). On the other hand, Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) (giant armadillo) and Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (ocelot) had identical abundance index over the two seasons. Distribution of species abundance in the sampled area followed the expected pattern for communities in equilibrium, especially in the rainy season, suggesting that the environment still maintains good characteristics for mammal conservation. The present study shows that the reserve, although only 470 ha in size, plays an important role for conservation of mastofauna of the area as a refuge in an environment full of anthropic influence (mainly cattle breeding in exotic pasture). PMID:18491629

  19. Rev. Brasil. Biol., 60(2): 291-298 ENTOMOLOGICAL FAUNA FROM ATOL DAS ROCAS, RN, BRAZIL 291

    E-print Network

    Clayton, Dale H.

    Arquipélago de Fernando de Noronha, with geographic co-ordinates 3º51'S and 33º49"W. It's of volcanic origin, and the shortest (N-S) is 2.5 km. Inside the lagoon, there are two islands: the Ilha do Farol and Ilha do Cemitério, the islands remain largely undisturbed by the human activities. Aiming to a first characterization

  20. Epidermal Hydration Is Improved by Enhanced Ceramide Metabolism in Aged C57BL/6J Mice After Dietary Supplementation of Royal Jelly.

    PubMed

    Jeon, Sanghun; Cho, Yunhi

    2015-09-01

    Epidermal hydration is maintained by the epidermal lipid barrier, of which ceramide (Cer) is the major constituent. We examined the dietary effect of royal jelly (RJ) on epidermal hydration in aged mice. Altered Cer metabolism was further determined by measuring epidermal levels of individual Cer, glucosylceramide (GC), and sphingomyelin (SM) species, and of Cer-metabolizing enzymes. Aged C57BL/6J mice were fed a control diet (group AGED) or diets with 1% RJ harvested from two different areas (groups AGED+RJ1:AGED + RJ2) for 16 weeks. Aged C57BL/6J mice with no dietary intervention (the control group: group C) represented the onset of aging. In group AGED, epidermal levels of hydration, Cer1/2/5/6/7, GC-A/B/C/D, SM1/2/3, and ?-glucocerebrosidase (GCase) protein, an enzyme of GC hydrolysis for Cer generation, were lower than in group C; these levels, as well as those of Cer3/4 and acidic sphingomyelinase (aSMase) protein, an enzyme of SM hydrolysis for Cer generation, were higher in group AGED + RJ1 than in group AGED. Despite increases in GC-B, SM1/2/3, and serine palmitoyltransferase2 protein, an enzyme of de novo Cer synthesis, in group AGED + RJ2 to levels higher than in group AGED, epidermal levels of hydration, Cer1-7, GC-A/C/D, GCase, and aSMase proteins were similar in these two groups. Expression of GCase and aSMase mRNAs, and of Cer synthase3 and ceramidase proteins, enzymes of de novo Cer synthesis and degradation, did not differ among groups. Dietary RJ1 improved epidermal hydration by enhancing Cer metabolism with increased levels of all Cer, GC, and SM species, and of GCase and aSMase proteins. PMID:26355951

  1. Study on The Effect of Royal Jelly on Reproductive Parameters in Streptozotocin-Induced Diabetic Rats

    PubMed Central

    Ghanbari, Elham; Nejati, Vahid; Najafi, Gholamreza; Khazaei, Mozafar; Babaei, Mohammad

    2015-01-01

    Background Diabetes mellitus has a variety of structural and functional effects on the male reproductive system. Diabetes results in reduced sperm parameters and libido. The present study aims to investigate the effects of royal jelly (RJ) on reproductive parameters of testosterone and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in diabetic rats. Materials and Methods This experimental study was conducted on adult male Wistar rats. The animals were divided into four groups (n=8 per group): control, RJ, diabetic and diabetic treated with RJ. Diabetes was induced by intraperitoneal injection of 60 mg/kg body weight (BW) of streptozotocin (STZ). RJ, at a dose of 100 mg/kg BW was given by gavage. The duration of treatment was six weeks. After the treatment period the rats were sacrificed. The testes were weighed and changes in sperm count, motility, viability, deformity, DNA integrity and chromatin quality were analyzed. Serum testosterone and MDA concentrations of testicular tissue were determined. Data were analyzed by oneway ANOVA with p<0.05 as the significant level. Results STZ-induced diabetes decreased numerous reproductive parameters in rats. Testicular weight, sperm count, motility, viability and serum testosterone levels increased in the diabetic group treated with RJ. There was a significant decrease observed in sperm deformity, DNA integrity, chromatin quality, and tissue MDA levels in diabetic rats treated with RJ compared to the diabetic group (p<0.05). Conclusion RJ improved reproductive parameters such as testicular weight, sperm count, viability, motility, deformity, DNA integrity, chromatin quality, serum testosterone and testicular tissue MDA levels in diabetic rats. PMID:25918599

  2. Determination of royal jelly freshness by ELISA with a highly specific anti-apalbumin 1, major royal jelly protein 1 antibody*

    PubMed Central

    Shen, Li-rong; Wang, Yi-ran; Zhai, Liang; Zhou, Wen-xiu; Tan, Liang-liang; Li, Mei-lu; Liu, Dan-dan; Xiao, Fa

    2015-01-01

    Major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1), designated apalbumin 1, has been regarded as a freshness marker of royal jelly (RJ). A MRJP1-specific peptide (IKEALPHVPIFD) identified by bioinformatics analysis of homologous members of the major royal protein family was synthesized and used to raise polyclonal anti-MRJP1 antibody (anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody). Western blot analysis showed that anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody only reacted with MRJP1 in RJ. In contrast, the previously reported antibody against recombinant MRJP1 (anti-R-MRJP1 antibody) reacted with other members of MRJP family in RJ. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody demonstrated that MRJP1 content in RJ stored at 40 °C significantly degraded by 37.3%, 55.9%, 58.0%, 60.6%, 65.7%, 72.7%, and 73.1% at 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, and 49 d, respectively, when compared with MRJP1 content in fresh RJ (0 d). Optical density analysis of MRJP bands from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) profiles demonstrated that the degradation of MRJP1, MRJP2, MRJP3, and MRJP5 in RJ was strongly and positively correlated with the period of storage (P<0.0001). Our results indicated anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody was highly specific for MRJP1, and ELISA using the antibody is a sensitive and easy-to-use method to determine the freshness and authenticity of RJ. PMID:25644470

  3. This article was downloaded by: [the Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford] On: 03 March 2014, At: 09:05

    E-print Network

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA) , Manaus , Brasil b Coordenação de Pesquisa em Dinâmica Ambiental, INPA , Manaus , Brasil c Coordenação de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade, INPA , Manaus , Brasil d School, INPA , Manaus , Brasil n Jardín Botánico de Missouri , Oxapampa , Perú o Universidad Estatal Amazónica

  4. Interocular symmetry analysis of bilateral eyes.

    PubMed

    Li, Yi; Bao, Fang Jun

    2014-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interocular symmetry of several biometric parameters between both eyes. The symmetry between the right and left eye of 397 subjects in 14 biometric parameters, spherical equivalent of refractive error (SE), Jackson crossed cylinder power of refractive error astigmatism with axes at 90° and 180° (RJ0) and at 45° and 135° (RJ45), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), average corneal curvature (CC), Jackson crossed cylinder power of corneal astigmatism (CJ0 and CJ45), corneal asphericity coefficient (Q), intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT) and vitreous chamber depth (VCD), was assessed by comparative data analysis. Aside from RJ0 (p?=?0.00), RJ45 (p?=?0.02) and Q (p?=?0.00), the overall interocular differences of other biometric parameters between fellow eyes were not significant (p?>?0.05). The interocular correlation and Bland-Altman plots showed a good agreement between fellow eyes in 14 biometric parameters. Correlations between interocular differences in SE and that in RJ0 (p?=?0.03), CC (p?=?0.00), AL (p?=?0.00) and VCD (p?=?0.00) were statistically significant. There were similar strong linear relationships between refractive error astigmatism vectors and corneal astigmatism vectors in bilateral eyes. There were negative correlations of RJ45 and CJ45 between bilateral eyes. A potentially clinically important interocular symmetry in SE, BCVA, CC, CJ0, CJ45, IOP, CCT, AL, ACD, LT and VCD is found in this research, while the differences of RJ0, RJ45 and Q between left and right eyes seem a bit large. The negative interocular relationships of RJ45 and CJ45 demonstrate moderate mirror symmetry exists among fellow eyes. High interocular symmetry in bilateral eyes may be helpful in intraocular lens power calculation, intraocular pressure evaluation, post-operative visual acuity and refraction prediction at the time the fellow eye is undergoing refractive surgery. PMID:24734876

  5. A "clean cigarette" for a clean nation: a case study of Salem Pianissimo in Japan

    PubMed Central

    Assunta, M; Chapman, S

    2004-01-01

    Objective: To illustrate, through internal industry documents, how RJ Reynolds exploited the concerns of the Japanese society about cleanliness to market the concept of cleaner, implicitly healthier cigarettes in Japan. Design: Systematic keyword and opportunistic website searches of formerly private internal industry documents. Results: Industry documents show that RJ Reynolds developed marketing plans based upon their cultural assumptions of Japanese people as fastidious about hygiene and manners, and with relatively high penchants to try new products. RJ Reynolds found there was also a growing concern for health, the environment, and smokers were conscious about annoying others. Deodorised consumer products were one of Japan's biggest trends. These characteristics presented RJ Reynolds with a profitable formula for marketing Salem Pianissimo, a clean cigarette with less smell and smoke. Salem Pianissimo, a 100 mm cigarette claiming to contain 1 mg tar and 0.1 mg nicotine, targeted women since menthol cigarettes were popular among 18–24 year old female smokers, although Japan's law prohibited those below 20 years to smoke and the tobacco industry had a voluntary code disallowing advertising to women and youth. Conclusion: RJ Reynolds successfully launched its clean cigarette, Salem Pianissimo, in Japan aiming to exploit perceived cultural characteristics such as a penchant for cleanliness, an eagerness to try new products, and social harmony. PMID:15564222

  6. Does Supplementation with Royal Jelly Improve Oxidative Stress and Insulin Resistance in Type 2 Diabetic Patients?

    PubMed Central

    SHIDFAR, Farzad; JAZAYERI, Shima; MOUSAVI, Seyedeh Neda; MALEK, Mojtaba; HOSSEINI, Agha fateme; KHOSHPEY, Basmeh

    2015-01-01

    Background: Animal studies have shown antioxidant effects of Royal Jelly (RJ) and its effect on insulin resistance as the most common complication of Type 2 diabetes. This study was conducted to determine the effect of RJ intake on serum total antioxidant capacity, Malondialdehyde and insulin resistance in T2DM. Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, forty-six type 2 diabetic patients, aged 25–65 years, with BMI of 20–30 kg/m2, and HbA1c of 6–8% were included. The patients were randomly assigned to receive 1000 mg of RJ supplement or placebo, 3 times daily for 8 weeks. HOMA-IR, anthropometric measurements, fasting blood glucose, serum insulin, total antioxidant capacity and malondialdehyde level were measured. Results: In comparison with placebo, HOMA-IR decreased (P=0.015) while serum total antioxidant capacity increased significantly in RJ group (P=0.016). No significant difference was detected for serum insulin and MDA in two groups. Conclusions: RJ intake may have favorable effects on serum TAC and HOMA-IR in diabetic patients. PMID:26258092

  7. Protective effects of Rabdosia japonica var. glaucocalyx extract on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury in mice.

    PubMed

    Xu, Nai-Yu; Chu, Chun-Jun; Xia, Long; Zhang, Jian; Chen, Dao-Feng

    2015-10-01

    The present study was designed to evaluate the protective effects of ethanol extracts of Rabdosia japonica var. glaucocalyx (Maxim.) Hara (RJ) on lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced acute lung injury (ALI) in mice and the possible underlying mechanisms of action. The mice were orally administrated with RJ extract (16, 32 or 64 mg(kg(-1)) daily for consecutive7 days before LPS challenge. The ung specimens and the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) were collected for histopathological examinations and biochemical analyses. Pretreatment with RJ significantly enhanced superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and reduced the wet-to-dry weight (W/D) ratio, the levels of nitric oxide (NO) and protein leakage, and myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in mice with ALI, in a dose-dependent manner. RJ reduced complement deposition and significantly attenuated LPS-induced ALI by reducing productions of inflammatory mediators, such as tumor necrosis factor-? (TNF-?), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and interleukin-1? (IL-1?). The results demonstrated that RJ may attenuate LPS-induced ALI via reducing the production of pro-inflammatory mediators, and reducing complement deposition and radicals. PMID:26481377

  8. Rapid assessment of cardiac contractility on a home bathroom scale.

    PubMed

    Etemadi, Mozziyar; Inan, Omer T; Giovangrandi, Laurent; Kovacs, Gregory T A

    2011-11-01

    Analyzing systolic time intervals-specifically the preejection-period (PEP)-is widely accepted as one of the few methods for the noninvasive assessment of cardiac contractility. In this paper, we investigated the ballistocardiogram (BCG) as a way to noninvasively measure myocardial contractility when combined with the ECG. Specifically, we derived a parameter from the BCG and ECG that we hypothesized would be highly correlated to PEP. This is the time delay between the J-wave peak of the BCG and the R-wave of the ECG, which we refer to as the RJ interval. The RJ interval was correlated to PEP (r(2) = 0.86) for 2126 heartbeats across ten subjects, with a y-intercept of 138 ms and slope of 1.05. This suggests that the RJ interval can be reliably used as a noninvasive assessment of cardiac contractility. PMID:21843998

  9. An overview of plasma wave observations obtained during the Galileo A34 pass through the inner region of the Jovian magnetosphere

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Gurnett, D. A.; Kurth, W. S.; Menietti, J. D.; Roux, A.; Bolton, S. J.; Alexander, C. J.

    2003-04-01

    On November 5, 2002, the Galileo spacecraft, which is in orbit around Jupiter, made a pass in to a radial distance of 1.98 RJ (Jovian radii) from Jupiter, much closer than on any previous orbit. Data were successfully acquired during the entire inbound pass through the hot and cold plasma torii, and through the region inside the cold torus to a radial distance of 2.32 RJ, at which point the data system went into safing due to the intense radiation in the inner region of the magnetosphere. The purpose of this paper is to give an overview of the results obtained from the plasma wave investigation during this pass, which is designated A34. As on previous passes through the Io plasma torus a narrowband electrostatic emission at the upper hybrid resonance frequency provided a very accurate measurement of the electron density. The peak electron density, 2.6 x 103 cm-3, occurs just before the inner edge of the hot torus, which is at 5.62 RJ. As the spacecraft enters the cold torus the electron density drops to about 6.0 x 102 cm-3 and then gradually increases as the spacecraft approaches Jupiter, reaching a peak of about 2.5 x 103 cm-3 at 4.86 RJ, shortly before the inner edge of the cold torus. At the inner edge of the cold torus, which occurs at 4.76 RJ, the electron density drops dramatically to levels on the order of 1 cm-3. The electron density in this inner region is difficult to interpret because the upper hybrid emission can no longer be clearly identified, and there are numerous narrowband emissions with cutoffs that may or may not be associated with the local electron plasma frequency. As in the hot torus, the low density region inside the cold torus has a persistent level of plasma wave noise below about 103 Hz that is tentatively interpreted as whistler mode noise. The intensity of the whistler mode noise increases noticeably as the spacecraft crosses Thebe's orbit at 3.1 RJ, and increases markedly as the spacecraft crosses Amalthea's orbit at 2.6 RJ. The wideband waveform data show considerable evidence of dust impacts at radial distances inside of about 3 RJ, at rates as high as a few impacts per second.

  10. Bypass filtration of cooling tower water: a demonstration project

    SciTech Connect

    Not Available

    1985-01-01

    R.J. Industries, Inc. under the DOE Appropriate Technology Program, designed, installed, and monitored a side stream water filtration system on a typical cooling tower arrangement supplying condenser water to refrigerated chilled water units. All of the components utilized in the filter system were readily available. (The actual filter unit was designed to maintain the clarity and overall quality of swimming pool water). R.J. Industries modified the flow characteristics and adapted the hardware for use with a cooling tower system. The application of existing equipment in a new technology proved to be a practical, cost effective approach for maintaining the quality of cooling tower water.

  11. T PA PrT () ...1 p fT (p) f(p)

    E-print Network

    Kikuchi, Makoto

    T (x) T PA PrT () 1 . T - .. ...... f f fT ...1 p fT (p) f(p) ...2 fT () ...3 fT ( ) fT () f;. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (x) "x h " . .. ...... i, j n ...1 i = j PA ¬(¯i) ¬(¯j). ...2 PA (¯0) (¯1) · · · (¯n). ...3 iRj PA (¯i) ¬PrT (¬(¯j)). ...4 i 1 PA (¯i) PrT (¬(¯i)). ...5 i 1 PA (¯i) PrT ( iRj (¯j)). #12

  12. ASSESSMENT OF TECHNETIUM LEACHABILITY IN CEMENT STABILIZED BASIN 43 GROUNDWATER BRINE

    SciTech Connect

    COOKE GA; DUNCAN JB; LOCKREM LL

    2008-09-30

    This report is an initial report on the laboratory effort executed under RPP-PLAN-33338, Test Plan for the Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement-Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine. This report delineates preliminary data obtained under subcontract 21065, release 30, from the RJ Lee Group, Inc., Center for Laboratory Sciences. The report is predicated on CLS RPT-816, Draft Report: Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine. This document will be revised on receipt of the final RJ Lee Group, Inc., Center for Laboratory Sciences report, which will contain data subjected to quality control and quality assurance criteria.

  13. Bose–Einstein correlations of ?^0 pairs from hadronic Z^0 decays

    E-print Network

    Wilson, Graham Wallace; OPAL Collaboration; Abbiendi, G.; Ainsley, C.; Å kesson, P.F.; Alexander, G.; Allison, J.; Amaral, P.; Anagnostou, G.; Anderson, K.J.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Axen, D.

    2003-05-01

    .F. Åkesson c, G. Alexander u, J. Allison o, P. Amaral h, . Anagnostou a, K.J. Anderson h, S. Arcelli b, S. Asai v, D. Axen z, G. Azuelos q,1, . Bailey y, E. Barberio g,16, R.J. Barlow o, R.J. Batley e, P. Bechtle x, T. Behnke x, . Bell s, P.J. Bell a, G.... Lett. B 197 (1987) 443; M. Suzuki, Phys. Rev. D 35 (1987) 3359; M. Biyajima, et al., Phys. Rev. C 58 (1998) 2316; G. Alexander, H.J. Lipkin, Phys. Lett. B 456 (1999) 270. [13] OPAL Collaboration, K. Ahmet, et al., Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 305 (1991) 275...

  14. Linear Filtering Goal: Provide a short introduction to linear filtering that is directly relevant for computer vision.

    E-print Network

    Jepson, Allan D.

    ) image I: Correlation: r(j, k) K s=-K K t=-K f(s, t)I(j + s, k + t). Here f(j, k) is zero for |j| or |k. The convolution of a 2D filter f with an image I: Convolution: r(j, k) K s=-K K t=-K f(-s, -t)I(j + s, k + t). (1: Linear Filtering Page: 3 #12;Image Boundary Treatments Centered filter kernel. Image from Elder et al

  15. Identification of Novel Salmonella Typhimurium Genes Required For Survival During Intestinal Inflammation 

    E-print Network

    Endicott-Yazdani, Tiana

    2013-05-01

    . enterica contains 6 subspecies, but the majority of mammalian and avian disease is caused by infection with serotypes that belong to subspecies I (enterica) (23). The genus contains over 2500 different serovars differentiable by O antigen and flagellar... into the 19 outer membrane (189, 190). Figure 5- Lipid modifications of Lipoproteins a ? *-------- Signal peptide ----- ? NH-, Leu Lipobox Rj —O-CH j ' Rj -O -C H CH2 • S CH3 Ala Gly M » * Se.-A.'TrN-C-C Diacylglycefol t I...

  16. "Os cadernos de cultura dos jornais

    E-print Network

    de Aguiar, Marcus A. M.

    que os autores analisados apresen- tam sobre o Brasil e a literatura brasileira. Já a segunda reúne marginais, professor do IEL lança dois livros nos quais reflete sobre o Brasil e o significado da literatura

  17. Simulated Extreme Prepitation Indices over Northeast Brasil in Current Climate and Future Scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Wender Santiago Marinho, Marcos; Araújo Costa, Alexandre; Cassain Sales, Domingo; Oliveira Guimarães, Sullyandro; Mariano da Silva, Emerson; das Chagas Vasconcelos Júnior, Francisco

    2013-04-01

    In this study, we analyzed extreme precipitation indices, for present and future modeled climates over Northeast of Brazil (NEB), from CORDEX simulations over the domain of Tropical Americas. The period for the model validation was from 1989-2007, using data from the European Center (ECWMF) Reanalysis, ERA-INTERIM, as input to drive the regional model (RAMS 6.0). Reanalysis data were assimilated via both lateral boundaries and the entire domain (a much weaker "central nudging"). Six indices of extreme precipitation were calculated over NEB: the average number of days above 10, 20 and 30 mm in one year (R10, R20, R30), the number of consecutive dry days (CDD), the number of consecutive wet days (CWD) and the maximum rainfall in five consecutive days (RX5). Those indices were compared against two independent databases: MERRA (Modern Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications) and TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission). After validation, climate simulations were performed for the present climate (1985-2005) and short-term (2015-2035), mid-term (2045-2065) and long-term (2079 to 2099) future climates for two scenarios: RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, nesting RAMS into HadGEM2-ES global model (a participant of CMIP5). Along with the indices, we also calculated Probability Distribution Functions (PDFs) to study the behavior of daily precipitation in the present and by the end of the 21st century (2079 to 2099) to assess possible changes under RCPs 4.5 and 8.5. The regional model is capable of representing relatively well the extreme precipitation indices for current climate, but there is some difficulties in performing a proper validation since the observed databases disagree significantly. Future projections show significant changes in most extreme indices. Rnn generally tend to increase, especially under RCP8.5. More significant changes are projected for the long-term period, under RCP8.5, which shows a pronounced R30 enhancement over northern states. CDD tends to decrease over most of NEB in the short but this trend is reverted toward the end of the century in both scenarios with a significant increase in the duration of the dry season over Northwestern and Eastern NEB (exceeding 50 days over certain areas), whereas projected CWD changes are smaller. Rx5 shows a general increasing trend especially in the long term period,under RCP8.5.

  18. Supplement Table 1. Mean environmental drivers at Brasil flux sites. Precipitation (Prec) from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), for site-specific tower measurement years and a

    E-print Network

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    System type** IRGA Sonic Anemometer PAR sensor Net Radiometer sensor ID CP LI-6262 (LI-COR, USA) Solent.Linearregressionsobtainedbyanonlinearmixed-effectsregression modelforleaf-flush(Equation1)versuscombinationsof16-dayaveragePAR(mmolm-2d-1

  19. O Direito Costumeiro na Legislacao e na Jurisprudencia do Brasil: A Desescravizacao (Common Law in Legislation and Jurisprudence in Brazil: Abolition of Slavery).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gebara, Ademir

    2000-01-01

    Demonstrates that in Brazil, common law was an important component for development of the political project, elaborated with the objective of organizing and disciplining the formation of a market of free workers. Considers that the history of work relations originated in the Portuguese discovery of Brazil in the 16th century. (BT)

  20. A Ideia de Universidade no Brasil: Influencia do Movimento de Cordoba (The Idea of the University in Brazil: Influences of the Cordoba Movement).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Mazzilli, Sueli

    2000-01-01

    Examines influences of the Cordoba Movement in formulation of ideas concerning the inseparability among teaching, research, and extension--a new paradigm for the Brazilian university. Finds the formulation of this inseparability had its origins in the Brazilian student movement of the 1960s which included theses of the Cordoba Manifesto. (BT)

  1. Cidadania Negada: A Educacao como Instrumento de Combate a Pobreza no Brasil (Denial of Citizenship: Education as a Way to Fight Poverty in Brazil).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Germano, Jose Willington

    1995-01-01

    Compares two compensatory social/educational programs developed by the Brazilian government in the last 15 years. States that although one was formulated during the military regime and one during the present government, they both combat poverty and encourage privatization. Concludes that this promotes a process that sees education as social…

  2. A Educacao dos Portadores de Necessidades Especiais no Brasil no Periodo de 1910 a 1949 (Education of Those with Special Needs in Brazil from 1920 to 1949).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Marques, Carlos Alberto; Santiago, Mylene Cristina; de Moura, Simone Moreira

    2000-01-01

    Examines education given to those with special needs in Brazil from 1910-1949. Shows the dichotomy of meanings in which the education of special needs persons during that period, besides being marked by concepts related to the exclusion paradigm, already indicated signs of respect for diversity and civil rights. (BT)

  3. Anais XI SBSR, Belo Horizonte, Brasil, 05 -10 abril 2003, INPE, p. 2193 -2200. MAPSAR: A NEW L-BAND SPACEBORNE SAR MISSION FOR ASSESSMENT

    E-print Network

    on rain forests is complicated by the continental extension, poor accessibility, and complex na to the use of optical sensors due to the presence of rain, perennial clouds, haze and smoke (e.g., the Amazon to penetrate a vegetation canopy. In general, the acquisition of information on the moist tropics, particularly

  4. Estimation of atmospheric turbidity and surface radiative parameters using broadband clear sky solar irradiance models in Rio de Janeiro-Brasil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Flores, José L.; Karam, Hugo A.; Marques Filho, Edson P.; Pereira Filho, Augusto J.

    2015-01-01

    The main goal of this paper is to estimate a set of optimal seasonal, daily, and hourly values of atmospheric turbidity and surface radiative parameters Ångström's turbidity coefficient (?), Ångström's wavelength exponent (?), aerosol single scattering albedo (? o ), forward scatterance (F c ) and average surface albedo (? g ), using the Brute Force multidimensional minimization method to minimize the difference between measured and simulated solar irradiance components, expressed as cost functions. In order to simulate the components of short-wave solar irradiance (direct, diffuse and global) for clear sky conditions, incidents on a horizontal surface in the Metropolitan Area of Rio de Janeiro (MARJ), Brazil (22° 51' 27? S, 43° 13' 58? W), we use two parameterized broadband solar irradiance models, called CPCR2 and Iqbal C, based on synoptic information. The meteorological variables such as precipitable water (u w ) and ozone concentration (u o ) required by the broadband solar models were obtained from moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on Terra and Aqua NASA platforms. For the implementation and validation processes, we use global and diffuse solar irradiance data measured by the radiometric platform of LabMiM, located in the north area of the MARJ. The data were measured between the years 2010 and 2012 at 1-min intervals. The performance of solar irradiance models using optimal parameters was evaluated with several quantitative statistical indicators and a subset of measured solar irradiance data. Some daily results for Ångström's wavelength exponent ? were compared with Ångström's parameter (440-870 nm) values obtained by aerosol robotic network (AERONET) for 11 days, showing an acceptable level of agreement. Results for Ångström's turbidity coefficient ?, associated with the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere, show a seasonal pattern according with increased precipitation during summer months (December-February) in the MARJ.

  5. Clinical and Pharmaceutical Solutions through Analysis (CPSA BRASIL 2015): on the way to innovation - pharmaceutical/analytical technology, regulation and knowledge management.

    PubMed

    Needham, Shane; Yates, Nathan; Barrientos, Rafael; Steel, Martin; Lee, Mike

    2015-12-01

    Clinical and Pharmaceutical Solutions through Analysis, São Paulo, Brazil, 3-5 August 2015 The 2nd Annual Symposium on Clinical and Pharmaceutical Solutions through Analysis was held on 3-5 August 2015 at Club Transatlântico, São Paulo, Brazil. This annual meeting began in 2014 and was the first industry-led event in Brazil to focus on the specific needs of industry researchers while bringing together technology and regulators. The goal of CPSA is to provide an in-depth review of innovative technology and industry practices through open discussion of industry-related issues and needs. Education and specialized training are the foundation of all CPSA events. As the industry has evolved so has CPSA. The CPSA annual meeting thrived with high quality scientific content, open interaction from industry opinion leaders and a collegial environment. PMID:26617112

  6. Impact of vinasse application in the C and N in the soils cultivaded with sugarcane in South Brasil, using Isotopic Technique

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rossete, A. M.; Medeiros, G. G.; Adorno, F. C.; Possignolo, N. V.; Moreira, M. Z.; Camargo, P. B.

    2013-12-01

    The main anthropogenic sources in the environment are fertilizers, pesticides, biomass burning, vehicle emissions, and disposal of urban and industrial waste. Vinasse is characterized as a residual of sugarcane distillery effluent with high concentrations of potassium and organic matter. The environmental impact caused by its use in the vinasse is modification chemical and physical properties in the soil and water. For this, the isotopic technique can be a powerful tool to understand the biogeochemical cycling of light elements (C and N). Some environmental studies have been conducted involving isotopic characterization of Carbon and Nitrogen in soil. Several soils cultivated with sugarcane of different regions of São Paulo state, Brazil, were analyzed to perform the isotopic characterization. The study area was selected where soil management is by mechanical harvesting of sugarcane and vinasse application. The area was divided into three parts: control (without cultivation); after mechanical harvesting of sugarcane; after mechanical harvesting of sugarcane and vinasse application. Three days after the harvest of sugarcane the vinasse was applied and sampling of soil surface was carried out in two periods of 7 and 30 days after application of vinasse. The isotopic determination in the sample soil and concentration of C and N was by IRMS, Thermo Delta Plus, allowing simultaneous determination of 13C/12C isotope ratios (?13C) and 15N/14N (?15N). The results of the C and N concentration in the vinasse applied were average values 2.52% and 0.02% and isotopic values of 13C and 15N were -14.1‰ and 5.2‰. The results for the C concentration of the three areas in two periods showed values around 0.86 to 1.01%. The 13C isotopic values were -16.8 to -15.0‰, demonstrating the predominant cultivation in the region in relation to ?13C values of C4 plant (sugarcane). The results of N analysis were 0.08 to 0.10% and 15N isotope analysis, showing values ranging from 7.9 to 8.5‰. No significant variation in concentration of N and C in three study areas was observed. Considering 13C and 15N isotopic characterization independent of management, there was noted no isotopic fractionation by microbial activity. The results evidenced that the addition of vinasse in the soil did not increase the concentration of C and N does not represent a source of C and N. Furthermore, the isotopic technique can be applied in studies involving biogeochemical cycling, aiming to identify progress or setbacks in the quality of soil and possible impact in ecosystem.

  7. Landslide Susceptibility Analysis by the comparison and integration of Random Forest and Logistic Regression methods; application to the disaster of Nova Friburgo - Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (January 2011)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Esposito, Carlo; Barra, Anna; Evans, Stephen G.; Scarascia Mugnozza, Gabriele; Delaney, Keith

    2014-05-01

    The study of landslide susceptibility by multivariate statistical methods is based on finding a quantitative relationship between controlling factors and landslide occurrence. Such studies have become popular in the last few decades thanks to the development of geographic information systems (GIS) software and the related improved data management. In this work we applied a statistical approach to an area of high landslide susceptibility mainly due to its tropical climate and geological-geomorphological setting. The study area is located in the south-east region of Brazil that has frequently been affected by flood and landslide hazard, especially because of heavy rainfall events during the summer season. In this work we studied a disastrous event that occurred on January 11th and 12th of 2011, which involved Região Serrana (the mountainous region of Rio de Janeiro State) and caused more than 5000 landslides and at least 904 deaths. In order to produce susceptibility maps, we focused our attention on an area of 93,6 km2 that includes Nova Friburgo city. We utilized two different multivariate statistic methods: Logistic Regression (LR), already widely used in applied geosciences, and Random Forest (RF), which has only recently been applied to landslide susceptibility analysis. With reference to each mapping unit, the first method (LR) results in a probability of landslide occurrence, while the second one (RF) gives a prediction in terms of % of area susceptible to slope failure. With this aim in mind, a landslide inventory map (related to the studied event) has been drawn up through analyses of high-resolution GeoEye satellite images, in a GIS environment. Data layers of 11 causative factors have been created and processed in order to be used as continuous numerical or discrete categorical variables in statistical analysis. In particular, the logistic regression method has frequent difficulties in managing numerical continuous and discrete categorical variables together; therefore in our work we tried different methods to process categorical variables , until we obtained a statistically significant model. The outcomes of the two statistical methods (RF and LR) have been tested with a spatial validation and gave us two susceptibility maps. The significance of the models is quantified in terms of Area Under ROC Curve (AUC resulted in 0.81 for RF model and in 0.72 for LR model). In the first instance, a graphical comparison of the two methods shows a good correspondence between them. Further, we integrated results in a unique susceptibility map which maintains both information of probability of occurrence and % of area of landslide detachment, resulting from LR and RF respectively. In fact, in view of a landslide susceptibility classification of the study area, the former is less accurate but gives easily classifiable results, while the latter is more accurate but the results can be only subjectively classified. The obtained "integrated" susceptibility map preserves information about the probability that a given % of area could fail for each mapping unit.

  8. Inconsistency of Association between Coffee Consumption and Cognitive Function in Adults and Elderly in a Cross-Sectional Study (ELSA-Brasil)

    PubMed Central

    Araújo, Larissa Fortunato; Giatti, Luana; dos Reis, Rodrigo C. Padilha; Goulart, Alessandra C.; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Duncan, Bruce B.; Ikram, Mohammad Arfan; Barreto, Sandhi Maria

    2015-01-01

    Background: Coffee is one of the most consumed beverages worldwide and the effect on cognition appears to be task specific and vary by age. Method: In cohort of 14,563 public service workers (35–74 years old) we assessed coffee consumption habits and examined cognitive function using standardized neuropsychological test battery. By linear regression and generalize linear regression with logarithmic link and gamma distribution we investigated the relation of coffee consumption (never/almost never, ?1 cup/day, 2–3 cups/day, ?3 cups/day) in the last 12 months to performance on specific domains of cognition for adults and elderly separately. Results: Among elderly, after adjustments, coffee consumption was associated only with an increase in the mean words remembered on learning, recall, and word recognition tests when comparing the 2–3 cups/day to never/almost never category (arithmetic mean ratio (AMR): 1.03; 95% Confidence Interval (CI): 1.00 to 1.07), and to an increase in the mean words pronounced in semantic verbal fluency test when comparing the ?3 cups/day to never/almost never category (difference of the mean: 1.23; 95% CI: 0.16 to 2.29). However, coffee consumption was not associated with any cognitive function tests in adults and also was not associated with the phonemic verbal fluency test and trail-making test B in elderly. Conclusions: Results suggest that coffee consumption might be slightly beneficial to memory in elderly but lacks a dose response relationship. Longitudinal analyses are needed to investigate possible, even if subtle, positive effects of coffee drinking on specific cognitive domains in elderly. PMID:26610556

  9. Comparison between symbolic and spectral analyses of short-term heart rate variability in a subsample of the ELSA-Brasil study.

    PubMed

    Dantas, Eduardo Miranda; Andreão, Rodrigo Varejão; da Silva, Valdo José Dias; Ribeiro, Antonio L P; Kemp, Andrew H; Brunoni, André R; Lotufo, Paulo A; Rodrigues, Sérgio L; Bensenor, Isabela M; Mill, José Geraldo

    2015-10-01

    Linear and nonlinear analyses of heart rate variability (HRV) have been largely used to evaluate the autonomic balance directed to the cardiovascular system. However, comparative studies evaluating the agreement between methods are scarce. Therefore, our aim was to examine the relationship between spectral (SPA; linear) and symbolic analyses (SYA; nonlinear) indexes. A subsample of 683 participants of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health was investigated. Linear and nonlinear analyses were obtained from 10?min ECG recording at rest. Reliability and agreement between methods were evaluated by kappa-statistic and proportion of agreement. According to SYA, the most frequent pattern was P1V (sympathovagal balance, without sympathetic or vagal predominance) comprising 62.7% of the sample, followed by P2V (vagal predominance) with 33.2%, and finally P0V pattern (sympathetic predominance) with 4.1%. Overall proportion of agreement between SYA and SPA was 39.68% (95% CI 0.360-0.433), with expected agreement by chance of 30.8%. Kappa value was 0.128 indicating a slight agreement between methods. Proportion of agreement was 7.93% (95% CI 0.032-0.126) for predominant sympathetic modulation, 10.39% (95% CI 0.075-0.132) for sympathovagal modulation, and 40.29% (95% CI 0.361-0.444) for parasympathetic modulation. Our data provide evidence for important differences between SPA and SYA on HRV analysis. More studies are needed to clarify the causes of disagreement between two methods designed to evaluate the autonomic modulation of heart beats. PMID:26333658

  10. Dating human occupation at Toca do Serrote das Moendas, São Raimundo Nonato, Piauí-Brasil by electron spin resonance and optically stimulated luminescence.

    PubMed

    Kinoshita, Angela; Skinner, Anne R; Guidon, Niede; Ignacio, Elaine; Felice, Gisele Daltrini; Buco, Cristiane de A; Tatumi, Sonia; Yee, Márcio; Figueiredo, Ana Maria Graciano; Baffa, Oswaldo

    2014-12-01

    Excavation of Toca do Serrote das Moendas, in Piauí state, Brazil revealed a great quantity of fossil wild fauna associated with human remains. In particular, fossils of a cervid (Blastocerus dichotomus) were found, an animal frequently pictured in ancient rock wall paintings. In a well-defined stratum, two loose teeth of this species were found in close proximity to human bones. The teeth were independently dated by electron spin resonance (ESR) in two laboratories. The ages obtained for the teeth were 29 ± 3 ka (thousands of years) and 24 ± 1 ka. The concretion layer capping this stratum was dated by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of the quartz grains to 21 ± 3 ka. As these values were derived independently in three different laboratories, using different methods and equipment, these results are compelling evidence of early habitation in this area. PMID:25456825

  11. NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM

    E-print Network

    ~UH-NOAA~ JOI NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE AND ATM O SPHERICRESEAR CH Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2010 Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research University of Hawai'i at Manoa 1000 Pope Road, MSB For Cooperative Agreements NA17RJ1230, NA09OAR4320075, and NA08OAR4320910 ~UH-NOAA~ JOI NTINSTITUTEFOR MARINE

  12. Galileo In-Situ Dust Measurements in Jupiter's Gossamer Rings

    E-print Network

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    collected until a spacecraft anomaly at 2.33RJ (Jupiter radii) just 16 min after a close flyby of Amalthea of these tiny motes in the Amalthea gossamer ring compared to the Thebe ring. The size distribution for the Amalthea ring derived from our in- situ measurements for the small grains agrees very well with the one

  13. Huge compact flux avalanches in superconducting Nb thin films

    E-print Network

    Wijngaarden, Rinke J.

    Huge compact flux avalanches in superconducting Nb thin films M.S. Welling *, R.J. Westerwaal, W avalanches (HCAs for brevity), very much like some snow-avalanches and unlike the rough dendritic flux of thermo-magnetic avalanches as proposed by Aranson et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 (2001) 067003

  14. Hierarchical Interface-based Supervisory Control of a Flexible Manufacturing System

    E-print Network

    Sekerinski, Emil

    1 Hierarchical Interface-based Supervisory Control of a Flexible Manufacturing System R.J. Leduc, M. Lawford, and P. Dai December 22, 2005 Abstract Flexible manufacturing systems have long been touted to the design and verification of a flexible manufacturing system work cell. The work cell model is based upon

  15. Hierarchical Interfacebased Supervisory Control of a Flexible Manufacturing System

    E-print Network

    Sekerinski, Emil

    1 Hierarchical Interface­based Supervisory Control of a Flexible Manufacturing System R.J. Leduc, M. Lawford, and P. Dai December 22, 2005 Abstract Flexible manufacturing systems have long been touted to the design and verification of a flexible manufacturing system work cell. The work cell model is based upon

  16. CARRIE R. LEVINE University of California, Berkeley

    E-print Network

    Battles, John

    impacts on seed banks and sapling demography in eastern New York." PEER-REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS Yanai, R.J. Winchcombe, C.D. Canham, L.M. Christenson, M.L. Ronsheim. 2012. Deer impacts on seed banks and saplings of rotary corers for sampling exchangeable cations in rocky soils. Masters thesis, State University of New

  17. Dispatching Equal-length Jobs to Parallel Machines to Maximize Throughput

    E-print Network

    Goldwasser, Michael

    Dispatching Equal-length Jobs to Parallel Machines to Maximize Throughput David P. Bunde1, nonpreemptive scheduling of equal-length jobs on parallel machines. Jobs have arbitrary release times and deadlines and a scheduler's goal is to maximize the number of completed jobs (Pm | rj, pj = p | P 1 - Uj

  18. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 47, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 3679 Phased Array Radar Polarimetry for Weather

    E-print Network

    Zhang, Guifu

    under Agreement NA17RJ1227/NA080AR4320886, and by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration ATM- 0608168, by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration/National Severe Storms Laboratory with the National Severe Storms Laboratory, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Norman, OK 73072 USA. J

  19. V. Methods for Euler and Navier-Stokes E. [1] J.C. Tannehill, D.A. Anderson, and R.H. Pletcher. Computational

    E-print Network

    Müller,Bernhard

    Methods for Fluid Dynamics: A Practical Introduction. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2nd edition, 1999. [12] C.H. Pletcher. Computational Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer. Taylor & Francis, Washington, 2nd edition, 1997-Verlag, Berlin, 2nd edition, 1996. [8] R.J. LeVeque. Numerical Methods for Conservation Laws. Birkh¨auser Verlag

  20. Vol. 59, No. 3, 1974 BIOCHEMICALAND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCHCOMMUNICATIONS SPATIAL CONFIGURATION OF RIBOSOMAL PROTEINS

    E-print Network

    Sankoff, David

    OF RIBOSOMAL PROTEINS: A COMPUTER-GENERATED MODEL OF THE 30S SUBUNIT Alex Bollen*, R.J. Cedergren, David produced pertinent to spatial relationships among ribosomal proteins. We propose the use of multidimen- sional scaling for the automated construction and updating of three-dimen- sional models of the ribosome

  1. Wood to Energy in Washington: I ti O t iti & Ob t l t PImperatives, Opportunities, & Obstacles to Progress

    E-print Network

    Brown, Sally

    products states Evans, R.J. and D.M. McCormick. 2006. River Valley Biomass Refinery Market Study. US DOE resources, high costs, and emissions of CO2 and other pollutants Source: NOAA, EPA, US Census, NIFC, RTI Gregoire Forest fuels removals offer dual opportunity to reduce GHG emissions from smoke while providing

  2. Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Molecular diversity from renewable furan: Toward new MedChem scaffolds

    E-print Network

    Bordenave, Charles

    Thesis proposal CSF Brazil 2014 Title: Molecular diversity from renewable furan: Toward new Med collaboration in Brazil: Decoration of the different scaffolds synthesized and biological assays (antitumoral-Manguinhos Rua Sizenando Nabuco, 100, Manguinhos 21041-250 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ - Brazil Powered by TCPDF (www

  3. ISSN 0104-6632 Printed in Brazil

    E-print Network

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    ISSN 0104-6632 Printed in Brazil www.abeq.org.br/bjche Vol. 27, No. 03, pp. 000 - 000, July, Brazil, and published in Computer Aided Chemical Engineering, vol. 27, p. 1917-1922. Brazilian Journal-909, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brazil. E-mail: ofelia@eq.ufrj.br (Submitted: December 1, 2009 ; Revised: June 1

  4. METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B VOLUME 28B, DECEMBER 1997--1165 Modeling of Solidification of Metal-Matrix Particulate

    E-print Network

    Beckermann, Christoph

    of Solidification of Metal-Matrix Particulate Composites with Convection R.J. FELLER and C. BECKERMANN A multiphase model for the alloy solidification of metal-matrix particulate composites with convec- tion is developed supplementary relations pertinent to the solidification of a binary alloy matrix containing a stationary solid

  5. The Bloemfontein Swallow Project: 2001-2003 Rick Nuttall

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Reports The Bloemfontein Swallow Project: 2001-2003 Rick Nuttall National Museum, PO Box 266, including the methods used to capture European Swallows Hirundo rustica at the unusual tree roost, 1999 and 2000 have been published previ- ously (Nuttall, R.J. 2000. Barn Swallow Flirurtdo rustica

  6. Linnaeus' herbarium cabinet: a piece of furniture and its function

    E-print Network

    4RJ The Swedish 18th-century naturalist Carolus (Carl) Linnaeus is habitually credited with laying In December 1783, Sara Elisabeth Moræa, widow of the famous Swedish naturalist Carolus (Carl) Linnaeus, wroteLinnaeus' herbarium cabinet: a piece of furniture and its function Staffan Mu¨ ller-Wille ESRC

  7. Caused by Increased Atmospheric CO2 And the Effects on Marine Biota

    E-print Network

    Toohey, Darin W.

    effect of ocean acidification on symbiont photorespiration and productivity in Acropora formosa." Global Change Biology: Vol. 16, pgs. 851-863. ·McNeil BI, Matear RJ. 2008. "Southern Ocean acidification. 2010. "Effect of Ocean Acidification on Iron Availability to Marine Phytoplankton." Science: Vol. 327

  8. The diet and feeding behaviour of feral cats, Felis catus at Marion Island

    E-print Network

    Pretoria, University of

    The diet and feeding behaviour of feral cats, Felis catus at Marion Island R.J. van Aarde contents (n = 125) of feral domestic cats at Marion Island indicated that these exotic predators mainly. An estimate of predation rate based on the energy requirements of the cat population and the caloric content

  9. Calcretes, fluviolacustrine sediments and subsidence patterns in Permo-Triassic salt-walled minibasins of the south Urals, Russia

    E-print Network

    Benton, Michael

    Calcretes, fluviolacustrine sediments and subsidence patterns in Permo-Triassic salt 1RJ, UK àBritish Geological Survey, Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3LA, UK §SchoolCaspian salt tectonic province. The basin can potentially add much to the understanding of fluviolacustrine

  10. The Luoping biota: exceptional preservation, and new evidence on

    E-print Network

    Benton, Michael

    8 1RJ, UK The timing and nature of biotic recovery from the devastating end-Permian mass extinction extinction of all time, the end-Permian event, which killed 80­90% of species [1­3]. The 10­20% of species or skeleton of the pre-extinction ecosystem retained by the chance survivors of the extinction event; species

  11. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 5 (4): 465469 Issued 19 November 2007 doi:10.1017/S1477201907002064 Printed in the United Kingdom C The Natural History Museum

    E-print Network

    Benton, Michael

    relationships of the pterosaurs among archosauromorph reptiles David W. E. Hone Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Queens Road, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, UK SYNOPSIS The phylogenetic position of pterosaurs the controversy by drawing the pterosaurs down the diapsid tree from their generally recognised position

  12. Microrobot Design Using Fiber Reinforced Composites School of Engineering & Applied Sciences

    E-print Network

    Wood, Robert

    1 Microrobot Design Using Fiber Reinforced Composites R.J. Wood School of Engineering & Applied an entirely new framework for creating microrobots which makes novel use of composite materials. This framework includes a new fabrication process termed Smart Composite Microstructures (SCM) for integrating

  13. 1Wood Borer --WB-XX-W America's Least Wanted Wood-Borers

    E-print Network

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    . Molecular Identification: A DNA barcode for this species has been developed and is freely accessible on- line at the National Center for Biotechnology Information , and the Barcode be identified with morphological identification techniques. Source: Rabaglia, R.J., N.J. Vandenberg, and R

  14. In-air and underwater hearing sensitivity of a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris)

    E-print Network

    Reichmuth, Colleen

    In-air and underwater hearing sensitivity of a northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris) D. Kastak and R.J. Schusterman Abstract: In-air and underwater sound detection thresholds were obtained for a female northern elephant seal (Mirounga angustirostris). Hearing sensitivity in air was generally poor

  15. Presence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Waterfowl and Wetlands during Summer 2010 in California: Are

    E-print Network

    Presence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Waterfowl and Wetlands during Summer 2010 in California for low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIv), the environment plays a critical role RJ, Fleskes JP, Ip HS (2012) Presence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Waterfowl and Wetlands during

  16. Improving the Packing and Accuracy of NMR Structures with a Pseudopotential for the Radius of

    E-print Network

    Clore, G. Marius

    der Waals term used to prevent atomic overlap tend to expand the structure. Because there are many for protein-protein complexes. The Rgyr of a group of atoms is defined as the rms distance from each atom of the molecule to their centroid where ri and rj are the position vectors of atoms i and j, and N is the number

  17. Respiratory acidosis

    MedlinePLUS

    ... such as bicarbonate, that help restore the body's acid-base balance. Acute respiratory acidosis is a condition in ... Effros RM, Swenson ER. Acid-base balance. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus CV, ... Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

  18. Blood gases

    MedlinePLUS

    ... The test also provides information about the body's acid/base balance, which can reveal important clues about lung ... Effros RM, Swenson ER. Acid-base balance. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus CV, ... Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: ...

  19. Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Oakes, Terrence R. BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH

    E-print Network

    Oakes, Terry

    Principal Investigator/Program Director (Last, First, Middle): Oakes, Terrence R. BIOGRAPHICAL of Medical Physics, University of Wisconsin-Madison 1988 Intern, Cardiac Assist Group, Medtronic, Inc Oakes, RJ Nickles, R Jeraj, CJ Jaskowiak, oral presentation at Society of Nuclear Medicine annual

  20. Software Architecture for Computer Vision: Beyond Pipes and Filters

    E-print Network

    Southern California, University of

    , the introduction of the Intel OpenCV library [2] certainly represents an important milestone for Computer VisionSoftware Architecture for Computer Vision: Beyond Pipes and Filters Alexandre R.J. Fran- searchers and practitioners in the field of Computer Vision. A new framework, or architectural style, called

  1. CAMSHIFT Tracker Design Experiments with Intel OpenCV and SAI

    E-print Network

    Southern California, University of

    CAMSHIFT Tracker Design Experiments with Intel OpenCV and SAI Alexandre R.J. Fran¸cois Institute, robustness and, if possible, non-intrusiveness. In order for computer vision techniques to have a significant's Open Computer Vision library and SAI (Software Architecture for Immersipresence), a software

  2. Redheaded Weaver weights from ringing records H.D. Oschadleus

    E-print Network

    de Villiers, Marienne

    Redheaded Weaver weights from ringing records H.D. Oschadleus SAFRING. Avian Demography Unit. Dept.;rlilr atttl rcitt ). T'ltc Irulrlislrtll rl;1111 ,1r1ri t iritlittg Table 1. Published mass data for Redheaded): 17-20 #12;18 Papers | 999 rj.' Fig. 1. Localitieswhere Redheaded Weavers have been ringed since 1975

  3. THE GRK4 SUBFAMILY OF G PROTEIN-COUPLED RECEPTOR KINASES: ALTERNATIVE SPLICING, GENE ORGANIZATION, AND SEQUENCE CONSERVATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    The GRK4 subfamily of G protein-coupled receptor kinases. Alternative splicing, gene organization, and sequence conservation.

    Premont RT, Macrae AD, Aparicio SA, Kendall HE, Welch JE, Lefkowitz RJ.

    Department of Medicine, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Duke Univer...

  4. Design, Characterization, and First-In-Human Study of the Vascular Actions of a Novel Biased Apelin Receptor Agonist

    E-print Network

    Brame, Aimee L.; Maguire, Janet J.; Yang, Peiran; Dyson, Alex; Torella, Rubben; Cheriyan, Joseph; Singer, Mervyn; Glen, Robert C.; Wilkinson, Ian B.; Davenport, Anthony P.

    2015-02-23

    with reduced gastrointestinal and respiratory dysfunction compared with morphine. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 2013;344:708–717. doi: 10.1124/jpet.112.201616. 20. Monasky MM, Taglieri DM, Henze M, Warren CM, Utter MS, Soergel DG, Violin JD, Solaro RJ. The ?...

  5. Restorative Justice as Reflective Practice and Applied Pedagogy on College Campuses

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rinker, Jeremy A.; Jonason, Chelsey

    2014-01-01

    Restorative justice (RJ) is both a methodology for dealing with conflict and a process for modeling more positive human relations after social harm. As both method and process, the benefits of developing restorative practices on college campuses go well beyond just the many positive community-oriented outcomes of facilitated conflict resolution…

  6. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    JB6 References 2001 Berdyshev EV, Schmid PC, Krebsbach RJ, Hillard CJ, Huang C, Chen N, Dong Z, Schmid HH. Cannabinoid-receptor-independent cell signaling by N-acylethanolamines. Biochem J 360: 67-75, 2001.  Abstract  Full Text    Chung JY, Park JO, Phyu

  7. CYTOKINE MRNA PROFILES FOR ISOCYANATES WITH KNOWN AND UNKNOWN POTENTIAL TO INDUCE RESPIRATORY SENSITIZATION

    EPA Science Inventory

    Cytokine mRNA Profiles for Isocyanates with Known and Unknown Potential to Induce Respiratory Sensitization. Plitnick, L.M., Loveless, S.E., Ladics, G.S., Holsapple, M.P., Smialowicz, R.J., Woolhiser, M.R., Anderson, P.K., Smith, C., Sailstad, D.M. and Selgrade, M.J.K (2002) Tox...

  8. CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL SENSITIZERS: APPLICATION OF THE RIBONUCLEASE PROTECTION ASSAY AND EFFECT OF DOSE

    EPA Science Inventory

    Cytokine Profiling for Chemical Sensitizers: Application of the Ribonuclease Protection Assay and Effect of Dose. L.M. Plitnick1, S.E. Loveless3, G.S. Ladics3, M.P. Holsapple4, M.J. Selgrade2, D.M. Sailstad2 and R.J. Smialowicz2. 1UNC, Curriculum in Toxicology, Chapel Hill, NC a...

  9. Human Language Technologies: The 2015 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the ACL, pages 103112, Denver, Colorado, May 31 June 5, 2015. c 2015 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-print Network

    Effective Use of Word Order for Text Categorization with Convolutional Neural Networks Rie Johnson RJ University, Piscataway, NJ, USA tzhang@stat.rutgers.edu Abstract Convolutional neural network (CNN) is a neu, we take a different approach, which employs convolutional neural networks (CNN) (LeCun et al., 1986

  10. Queneau Numbers --Recent Results and a Bibliography

    E-print Network

    Theune, Mariët

    Queneau Numbers -- Recent Results and a Bibliography Peter R.J. Asveld Department of Computer Science, Twente University of Technology P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, the Netherlands e-mail: p.r.j.asveld@misc.utwente.nl, P.R.J.Asveld@xs4all.nl Abstract -- Publications dealing with Queneau numbers can be divided roughly

  11. Constraints on the tectonic evolution of the westernmost Mediterranean and northwestern Africa from shear wave

    E-print Network

    Becker, Thorsten W.

    Building, Queen's Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 21 March 2013 across the central High Atlas. Across the axis of the mountain belt a coherent, regional maximum of delay convergence during the Cenozoic (65 Ma). The far western end of the Alpine­ Himalayan orogenic belt is known

  12. Trend for Thermoelectric Materials and Their Earth Abundance R. AMATYA1,2

    E-print Network

    Ram, Rajeev J.

    Trend for Thermoelectric Materials and Their Earth Abundance R. AMATYA1,2 and R.J. RAM1 1 to their price volatility as applications (competing with thermoelectrics) con- tinue to grow, for example with crustal abundance of 30 ppm ($4 9 1018 metric tons) has ZT greater than 0.8. Key words: Thermoelectric

  13. High-precision relativistic atomic structure calculations and the EBIT

    E-print Network

    Johnson, Walter R.

    interactions, relaxed-core QED corrections, two-loop Lamb shifts, negative-energy state corrections, nuclear of finite nuclear size corrections to the atomic transition energies by Seely et al. As shown in Fig. 1 polarizations and nuclear recoils. PACS Nos.: 31.30.Jv, 32.30.Rj, 31.25.-v, 31.15.Ar 1. Introduction

  14. CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS

    E-print Network

    Kustin, Andrew R.

    CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS Andrew R a square root in k. We classify the algebras Tor R . (R/J, k) as J varies over all grade four almost]. The present paper makes use of the classification, in [21], of the Tor-algebras of codimension four Gorenstein

  15. CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS

    E-print Network

    Kustin, Andrew R.

    CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS Andrew R a square root in k. We classify the algebras TorR · (R/J, k) as J varies over all grade four almost]. The present paper makes use of the classification, in [21], of the Tor-algebras of codimension four Gorenstein

  16. LYSTROSAURUS GEORGI, A DICYNODONT FROM THE LOWER TRIASSIC OF RUSSIA MIKHAIL V. SURKOV1

    E-print Network

    Benton, Michael

    LYSTROSAURUS GEORGI, A DICYNODONT FROM THE LOWER TRIASSIC OF RUSSIA MIKHAIL V. SURKOV1 , NIKOLAS N Saratov, Russia, SurkovMV@info.sgu.ru 2 Paleontologicheskii Institut, Profsoyuznaya 123, 117647 Moscow, Russia. 3 Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, BS8 1RJ, U.K., mike

  17. Test instrumentation evaluates electrostatic hazards in fluid system

    NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

    Collins, L. H.; Henry, R.; Krebs, D.

    1967-01-01

    RJ-1 fuel surface potential is measured with a probe to determine the degree of hazard originating from static electricity buildup in the hydraulic fluid. The probe is mounted in contact with the fluid surface and connected to an electrostatic voltmeter.

  18. Planetary and Space Science 54 (2006) 14821495 The solar wind interaction with Venus through the eyes of the

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    2006-01-01

    Planetary and Space Science 54 (2006) 1482­1495 The solar wind interaction with Venus through the eyes of the Pioneer Venus Orbiter C.T. Russella,b,Ã, J.G. Luhmannc , R.J. Strangewaya a Institute Abstract Venus has no internal magnetic dynamo and thus its ionosphere and hot oxygen exosphere dominate

  19. Scientific Method, Statistical Method, and the Speed of Light.

    E-print Network

    Oldford, R.W.

    Scientific Method, Statistical Method, and the Speed of Light. R.J. Mackay and R.W. Oldford Working is "statistical method"? Is it the same as "scientific method"? This paper answers the first question context of science. Keywords: statistical method, scientific method, speed of light, philosophy of science

  20. MASSACHUSETTS INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY BRAIN & COGNITIVE SCIENCES

    E-print Network

    Wurtman, Richard

    and Brain Function in Health and Disease (G. Huether, ed.) Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, NATO ASI Series, Vol. H20, pp.117-36, 1988. Acworth, I.N., During, M.J., and Wurtman, R.J. (761) Tyrosine: Effects

  1. Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement Sample Syllabus

    E-print Network

    Hopfinger, Joseph B.

    Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement Sample Syllabus R.J. Gregory, Psychological, not a guarantee or contract. #12;Psychology 531: Psychological Tests and Measurement The Formal Grading System of (three or four of) you will each make up your own "psychological test" and report on data arising from

  2. Procedia Materials Science 3 (2014) 1736 1741 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com

    E-print Network

    Volinsky, Alex A.

    2014-01-01

    Procedia Materials Science 3 (2014) 1736 ­ 1741 Available online at www.sciencedirect.com 2211 a Corrosion and Protection Center, Key Laboratory for Environmental Fracture (MOE), University of Science #12;1737R.J. Wang et al. / Procedia Materials Science 3 (2014) 1736 ­ 1741 simultaneously detect

  3. Development of a simple and sensitive fluorimetric method for isolation of coumaphos-hydrolysing bacteria

    E-print Network

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    -hydrolysing bacteria R.L. Harcourt*, I. Horne, T.D. Sutherland, B.D. Hammock1 , R.J. Russell and J.G. Oakeshott . Incorporation of coumaphos into agar plates allowed the rapid detection of coumaphos-hydrolysing bacteria when tool to screen for bacteria possessing phosphotriesterase activity. INTRODUCTION Organophosphorus (OP

  4. Mar. Drugs 2013, 11, 4176-4192; doi:10.3390/md11114176 marine drugs

    E-print Network

    Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

    @gmail.com (C.R.B.) 3 Laboratory of Porifera, National Museum, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro 20940-040, RJ, Brazil; E-Mail: joao.porifera@gmail.com 4 UMYMFOR--Department of Organic Chemistry

  5. Multi-decadal record of ice dynamics on Daugaard Jensen Gletscher, East Greenland, from satellite imagery and terrestrial measurements

    E-print Network

    Stearns, Leigh; Hamilton, Gordon; Reeh, Niels

    2005-08-01

    –1847. Dowdeswell, J.A., R.J. Whittington and R. Hodgkins. 1992. The sizes, frequencies, and freeboards of East Greenland icebergs observed using ship radar and sextant. J. Geophys. Res., 97(C3), 3515–3528. Echelmeyer, K. and W.D. Harrison. 1990. Jakobshavns Isbræ...

  6. Publications: David Moss June 14, 2015

    E-print Network

    Moss, David

    Publications: David Moss June 14, 2015 1. "The influence of inhibition of convection on pre-main sequence stellar evo- lution", Moss D.L., 1968, Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 141, 165-184. 2. "The influence of a poloidal magnetic field on convection in spherical shells", Moss D.L., Tayler R.J., 1969. Mon. Not. R. astr

  7. The Battle for Legitimacy: "Jazz" Versus Academia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Baker, David

    1973-01-01

    Jazz is black music; black man gave this music to the world, and every advancement and major innovation of this music has come from him. This is perhaps the reason that has hindered the unbiased acceptance of jazz into academia. (Author/RJ)

  8. Droop models of nutrient-plankton interaction with intratrophic predation

    E-print Network

    Baglama, James

    Droop models of nutrient-plankton interaction with intratrophic predation S. R.-J. Jang1 , J of nutrient-phytoplankton-zooplankton interaction with intratrophic predation of zooplankton are introduced presented. For the deter- ministic models it is shown analytically that intratrophic predation has no effect

  9. URINARY CHARACTERISTICS OF THE CAPE PORCUPINE HYSTRIXAFRlCAEAUSTRALIS

    E-print Network

    Pretoria, University of

    OF PHOTOPERIOD AND TEMPERATURE A. Haim*, R.J. Van Aarde and J.D. Skinner Mammal Research Institute catecholamine concentrations of Cape porcupines were related to combined changes ofambient temperature fermentation enables the efficient utilization of food with a high fibre content /5/. Metabolic rates

  10. Volume 114A, number 8,9 PHYSICSLETTERS 17 March 1986 MODE LOCKING, THE BELOUSOV-ZHABOTINSKY REACTION,

    E-print Network

    -ZHABOTINSKY REACTION, AND ONE-DIMENSIONAL MAPPINGS R.J. BAGLEY, G. MAYER-KRESS and J. Doyne FARMER Center for Nonlinear of periodic states such as those observed in the Belousov Zhabotinsky reaction can be generated by simple one phenomena in nature is the spontaneous oscillation seen in the Belousov- Zhabotinsky (BZ) reaction

  11. WASP-35b, WASP-48b, and HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b: Two New Planets and an Independent Discovery of a Hat Planet

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Enoch, B.; Anderson, D. R.; Barros, S. C. C.; Brown, D. J. A.; Collier Cameron, A.; Faedi, F.; Gillon, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lister, T. A.; Queloz, D.; Santerne, A.; Smalley, B.; Street, R. A.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; West, R. G.; Bouchy, F.; Bento, J.; Butters, O.; Fossati, L.; Haswell, C. A.; Hellier, C.; Holmes, S.; Jehin, E.; Lendl, M.; Maxted, P. F. L.; McCormac, J.; Miller, G. R. M.; Moulds, V.; Moutou, C.; Norton, A. J.; Parley, N.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Segransan, D.; Simpson, E.; Skillen, I.; Smith, A. M. S.; Udry, S.; Wheatley, P. J.

    2011-09-01

    We report the detection of WASP-35b, a planet transiting a metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -0.15) star in the Southern hemisphere, WASP-48b, an inflated planet which may have spun-up its slightly evolved host star of 1.75 R sun in the Northern hemisphere, and the independent discovery of HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b, a new planet in the Northern hemisphere. Using WASP, RISE, Faulkes Telescope South, and TRAPPIST photometry, with CORALIE, SOPHIE, and NOT spectroscopy, we determine that WASP-35b has a mass of 0.72 ± 0.06 MJ and radius of 1.32 ± 0.05RJ , and orbits with a period of 3.16 days, WASP-48b has a mass of 0.98 ± 0.09 MJ , radius of 1.67 ± 0.10 RJ , and orbits in 2.14 days, while HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b, with an orbital period of 2.81 days, is found to have a mass of 0.76 ± 0.05 MJ and radius of 1.42 ± 0.03 RJ , agreeing with values of 0.71 ± 0.03 MJ and 1.34 ± 0.07 RJ reported for HAT-P-30b.

  12. JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE NEUROLOGY 189:381-402 (1980) Representation of the Body Surface in

    E-print Network

    Sur, Mriganka

    1980-01-01

    Koniocortex in the Prosimian Galago MRIGANKA SUR, R.J. NELSON, AND J.H. KAAS Departments of Psychology (M, a prosimian primate. A system- atic representation of the controlateral body surface was found within somatic and variousnon-primatessuggested that we should investigate the organization of parietal cortex in prosimian

  13. Highly siderophile element composition of the Earth's primitive upper mantle: Constraints from new data

    E-print Network

    Rudnick, Roberta L.

    data on peridotite massifs and xenoliths H. Becker a,b,*, M.F. Horan c , R.J. Walker a , S. Gao d , J/188 Os data on peridotites were determined using improved analytical techniques in order to precisely Archean and post-Archean continental lithosphere, peridotites from ultramafic massifs, ophiolites

  14. D.M.P. MINGOS Publications

    E-print Network

    Wallace, Mark

    , 1968, 419. 2 D.M.P. Mingos, J. Chatt, G.J. Leigh and R.J. Paske; "Complexes of Osmium, Ruthenium, Osmium, Rhodium, Iridium and Platinum Halides with Mono(tertiary phosphines) and Mono(tertiary arsines of Ruthenium, Osmium, Iridium and Platinum Halides with Tertiary Phosphines and Arsines", Journal

  15. Response of Australian rodents to reduced cover. 1 Adult free zones in small mammal populations: Habitat Preferences

    E-print Network

    Spencer, Ricky

    Response of Australian rodents to reduced cover. 1 Adult free zones in small mammal populations: Habitat Preferences and Response of Australian native rodents to reduced cover. R-J Spencer*, V;Response of Australian rodents to reduced cover. 2 Abstract Cover provides shelter, food, nesting

  16. The feasibility of generating low frequency volcano seismicity by flow through a deformable channel

    E-print Network

    Balmforth, Neil

    A. C. Rust1 University of Bristol, Wills Memorial Building, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK Alison. Nevertheless, the trigger of the resonance is often neither identified nor specified. There are many plausible of engineering and science and ex- plain phenomena as diverse as the flapping of flags, the sounds of some

  17. J. Fluid Mech. (2003), vol. 489, pp. 229238. c 2003 Cambridge University Press DOI: 10.1017/S0022112003005159 Printed in the United Kingdom

    E-print Network

    Bush, John W.M.

    2003-01-01

    , the fluid density and g the acceleration due to gravity. The theory of viscous hydraulic jumps (Watson 1964. This curvature force is dynamically significant when 2/(gRj H) becomes appreciable, where H is the jump height the lower boundary is dynamically significant. Watson (1964) considered the influence of fluid viscosity

  18. 76 FR 50737 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Experimental...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-08-16

    ... direct-to-consumer advertising,'' International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Marketing, 4(3... experimental investigation,'' Journal of Consumer Research, 14(4), 483-494, 1988; Harris, R.J., ``Comprehension... public comment in response to the notice. This notice solicits comments on research...

  19. An Alternative Formulation of Cocke--Younger--Kasami's Algorithm

    E-print Network

    Theune, Mariët

    An Alternative Formulation of Cocke--Younger--Kasami's Algorithm Peter R.J. Asveld Department - We provide a reformulation of Cocke-Younger-Kasami's algo- rithm for recognizing context by N, i.e. N = V - . For each set X, P (X) denotes the power set of X. Cocke-Younger-Kasami's algorithm

  20. The effect of a surfactant monolayer on oxygen transfer across an air/water interface during mixed convection

    E-print Network

    Saylor, John R.

    convection R.J. Lee, J.R. Saylor * Clemson University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Clemson, SC March 2010 Accepted 12 March 2010 Keywords: Gas exchange Mixed convection Free surface Surfactant a b monolayer on the transport of oxygen across an air/water interface during mixed convection conditions

  1. 12Reviews in Mineralogy & Geochemistry Vol. 75 pp. 355-421, 2013

    E-print Network

    Cartigny, Pierre

    of America 1529-6466/13/0075-0012$00.00 DOI: 10.2138/rmg.2013.75.12 Diamonds and the Geology of Mantle Carbon major achievement in our understanding of diamond formation both in Earth's mantle and metamorphic rocks, Bristol BS8 1RJ, United Kingdom INTRODUCTION TO DIAMOND CHARACTERISTICS Introduction Earth's carbon

  2. Voting Behavior in Four Albuquerque School Financial Referenda

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hatley, Richard V.; Burlingame, Martin

    1972-01-01

    Explores aspects of four school referenda in Albuquerque in 1968 and 1969. Data suggest that income did not significantly correlate with elections utilizing the property tax as a funding base, but did so with voting behavior in an election with income tax as a funding base. (RJ)

  3. Tracking and Matching Connected Components from 3D Video David da Silva Pires, Roberto M. Cesar-Jr.

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    ´atica Pura e Aplicada Est. Dona Castorina, 110, Jardim Bot^anico, 22460-320, Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil in the field that state-of-the-art research has recently started to address. The present paper describes a new

  4. The Life of White Ethnics: Toward More Effective Working-Class Strategies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Levine, Irving M.; Herman, Judith

    1972-01-01

    Contends that if issues are articulated, work is done, are communities developed with sensitivity--without hardening of organizational forms or premature alliances between fearful groups--then the ethnic factor in working-class life can be an important tool for creating both individual fulfillment and social unity. (RJ)

  5. PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC02-76CH03073

    E-print Network

    researchers data on low aspect-ratio toroidal plasmas. NSTX's Plasma Control System adjusts the firing angles required in calculating firing angles. This VERSAmodule Eurocard (VME) bus based system utilizes Front Spherical Torus Experiment Real Time Plasma Control Data Acquisition Hardware by R.J. Marsala and J

  6. J Med Primatol 2001: 30: 273282 Printed in Ireland -all rights reser6ed.

    E-print Network

    Muehlenbein, Michael

    in a sample of captive male baboons Muehlenbein MP, Campbell BC, Phillippi KM, Murchison MA, Richards RJ, Svec F, Myers L. Reproductive maturation in a sample of captive male baboons. J Med Primatol 2001; 30:273­282. © Munks- gaard, 2001 Abstract: Though baboons have been considered an appropriate non- human primate model

  7. EARTH PRP-004 Progress Report February June 2005

    E-print Network

    Learned, John

    EARTH PRP-004 Progress Report February ­June 2005 4 July 2005. R.J. de Meijer Kernfysisch document presents an overview of the essential events related to the Earth AntineutRino TomograpHy (EARTH Committee. Although EARTH was only mentioned in the future outlook and not as a part of the evaluation

  8. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 52555264, 2013 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/5255/2013/

    E-print Network

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    are significant contributors to coastal iodine emissions R.-J. Huang1,2,*, U. R. Thorenz1, M. Kundel1, D. S, which found high mixing ratios of molecular iodine (I2) above the intertidal macroalgae (seaweed) beds of I2 mixing ratio found above the macroalgae beds at nine different locations ranged from 104 to 393

  9. RESEARCH ARTICLE A model for the analysis of nonviral gene therapy

    E-print Network

    Wikswo, John

    RESEARCH ARTICLE A model for the analysis of nonviral gene therapy GA Banks1 , RJ Roselli1 , R Chen to produce clinical applications of gene therapy. The compartmental and computational model designed therapy. Gene Therapy (2003) 10, 1766­1775. doi:10.1038/ sj.gt.3302076 Keywords: plasmid quantitation

  10. Motivation and Outcomes for University Students in a Restorative Justice Program

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Gallagher Dahl, Meghan; Meagher, Peter; Vander Velde, Stacy

    2014-01-01

    A restorative justice program (RJP) was developed at a large university in the housing student conduct office. Students accused of misconduct who participated in a restorative justice (RJ) conference completed surveys regarding their motivations and perceived outcomes. Results showed that students who were motivated to make reparations to others…

  11. Robert J. Latour Institute Address

    E-print Network

    Fabrizio, Mary C.

    .D. Tuckey, B.E. Watkins, and J.E. Olney. 2012. Evaluating the current status of American shad (Alosa and electronarcosis as anesthetics on cortisol levels in juvenile Atlantic sturgeon. Transactions of the American-2011. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 141:1074- 1080. 7. Latour, R.J., E.J. Hilton, P.D. Lynch, T

  12. Bibliography Abramson, E.H., J.M. Brown, L.J. Slutsky, and J. Zaug, The elastic constants of San Carlos

    E-print Network

    Duffy, Thomas S.

    and Chemistry of the Earth's Deep Interior, edited by R.J. Hemley, Mineralogical Society of America, Washington, Elastic wave velocities in minerals under atmospheric pressure: electronic computer refining of elastic.L., and D.G. Isaak, Elastic constants of mantle minerals at high temperature. In: Mineral Physics

  13. Estimating Costs and Benefits of CTL Escape Mutations in SIV/HIV Infection

    E-print Network

    de Boer, Rob J.

    Estimating Costs and Benefits of CTL Escape Mutations in SIV/HIV Infection Vitaly V. Ganusov1) response are well documented. Recently, there have been a few attempts at estimating the costs of CTL of the average killing rate can be obtained. Citation: Ganusov VV, De Boer RJ (2006) Estimating costs

  14. Alternatives and Consequences: Proceedings of the Home Economics-Community Resource Development Regional Conference on Public Policy (Windsor Locks, Connecticut, October. 23-25, 1979).

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, Ithaca, NY.

    Issues clarification, skills and techniques, and methods and strategy in Extension public policy education were the themes of the conference. The first keynote speaker, R.J. Hildreth, justified public policy education by home economist and community resource development educators. The second keynote speaker, J.B. Wyckoff, described the function of…

  15. EVLA Memo 163 Recirculation in WIDAR with phase serialization

    E-print Network

    Groppi, Christopher

    EVLA Memo 163 Recirculation in WIDAR with phase serialization R.J. Sault September 11, 2012. This issue is of interest with some modes (but not all modes) of recirculation in WIDAR. WIDAR can use baseboard stacking (sometimes called `static recirculation') as well as classical recirculation to achieve

  16. IS THE DOSE-RESPONSE LINEAR OR NONLINEAR FOR GENOTOXIC EFFECTS?

    EPA Science Inventory

    IS THE DOSE-RESPONSE LINEAR OR NONLINEAR FOR GENOTOXIC EFFECTS?
    Preston, RJ. Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711

    For considerations of cancer risk assessment from exposure to environmenta...

  17. Comparison of structures of laminar methaneoxygen and methaneair diffusion flames from atmospheric to 60 atm

    E-print Network

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    atmospheric. The presence of the two- zone structure in the methane­oxygen flames was attributedComparison of structures of laminar methane­oxygen and methane­air diffusion flames from atmospheric to 60 atm Peter H. Joo, Marc R.J. Charest, Clinton P.T. Groth, Ömer L. Gülder University

  18. rsif.royalsocietypublishing.org Cite this article: Fuller SB, Karpelson M,

    E-print Network

    Wood, Robert

    , Wood RJ. 2014 Controlling free flight of a robotic fly using an onboard vision sensor inspired free flight of a robotic fly using an onboard vision sensor inspired by insect ocelli Sawyer B. Fuller1 Keywords: stability, biology-inspired robotics, velocity feedback, phasic response Author

  19. TISSUE REMODELING IN THE HUMAN LUNG IN RELATION TO PARTICLE CONCENTRATION AND METAL CONTENT

    EPA Science Inventory

    TISSUE REMODELING IN THE HUMAN LUNG IN RELATION TO PARTICLE CONCENTRATION AND METAL CONTENT. J Gallagher1, J Inmon1, S Schlaegle2, A Levine2, T Rogers3, J Scott1, F Green4, M Schenker5, K Pinkerton5 1NHEERL, US-EPA, RTP, NC, USA; 2RJ Lee Group Inc, Monroeville, Pa, USA; ...

  20. Diverse plasma populations and structures in Jupiter's magnetotail.

    PubMed

    McComas, D J; Allegrini, F; Bagenal, F; Crary, F; Ebert, R W; Elliott, H; Stern, A; Valek, P

    2007-10-12

    Jupiter's magnetotail is the largest cohesive structure in the solar system and marks the loss of vast numbers of heavy ions from the Jupiter system. The New Horizons spacecraft traversed the magnetotail to distances exceeding 2500 jovian radii (R(J)) and revealed a remarkable diversity of plasma populations and structures throughout its length. Ions evolve from a hot plasma disk distribution at approximately 100 R(J) to slower, persistent flows down the tail that become increasingly variable in flux and mean energy. The plasma is highly structured-exhibiting sharp breaks, smooth variations, and apparent plasmoids-and contains ions from both Io and Jupiter's ionosphere with intense bursts of H(+) and H(+)(3). Quasi-periodic changes were seen in flux at approximately 450 and approximately 1500 R(J) with a 10-hour period. Other variations in flow speed at approximately 600 to 1000 R(J) with a 3- to 4-day period may be attributable to plasmoids moving down the tail. PMID:17932282

  1. Fluid Phase Equilibria 214 (2003) 6778 Phase behaviour of binary fluid mixtures: a global phase diagram

    E-print Network

    2003-01-01

    Fluid Phase Equilibria 214 (2003) 67­78 Phase behaviour of binary fluid mixtures: a global phase,8­12] and ternary [1,9] mixtures. In addition, the application of molecular simulation [13] to phase equilibria reserved. doi:10.1016/S0378-3812(03)00318-2 #12;68 J.-L. Wang, R.J. Sadus / Fluid Phase Equilibria 214

  2. Z .Fluid Phase Equilibria 150151 1998 6372 The effect of three-body interactions on the liquidliquid phase

    E-print Network

    Z .Fluid Phase Equilibria 150­151 1998 63­72 The effect of three-body interactions on the liquid;( )R.J. SadusrFluid Phase Equilibria 150­151 1998 63­7264 w xfew studies 2,3,10­13 that have attempted­liquid phase coexistence of binary fluid mixtures Richard J. Sadus ) Computer Simulation and Physical

  3. Z .Fluid Phase Equilibria 157 1999 169180 Molecular simulation of the phase behaviour of ternary fluid

    E-print Network

    Z .Fluid Phase Equilibria 157 1999 169­180 Molecular simulation of the phase behaviour of ternary .PII: S0378-3812 99 00049-7 #12;( )R.J. SadusrFluid Phase Equilibria 157 1999 169­180170 w xof state have been proposed 5 to model various aspects of phase equilibria and many molecular w x w xsimulation

  4. A TECHNOLOGY FOR MONOLITHIC INTEGRATION OF COMMERCIAL MESFET VLSI ELECTRONICS

    E-print Network

    Shenoy, Krishna V.

    WB2.5 A TECHNOLOGY FOR MONOLITHIC INTEGRATION OF COMMERCIAL MESFET VLSI ELECTRONICS R.J. Aggarwal heterostructures and commercial VLSI GaAs circuits. We have designed a monolithic resonant-tunneling diode- (RTD-line graph of the diode chain storage element. veloped at MIT [3, 41. This technology enables the monolithic

  5. Author's personal copy Quasi-biennial corn yield cycles in Iowa

    E-print Network

    .L. Hatfield a , M.E. Mann b , R.J. Jaquis a , L. Ma c a USDA-Agricultural Research Service, National Soil, University Park, PA 16802, United States c USDA-Agricultural Research Service, Agricultural Systems Research­Nicolette­Webster (ISU, 2004), which require artificial drainage for corn production. Artificial drainage coupled

  6. EVALUATION OF BIOLOGICALLY BASED DOSE-RESPONSE MODELING FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: A WORKSHOP REPORT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Evaluation of biologically based dose-response modeling for developmental toxicity: a workshop report.

    Lau C, Andersen ME, Crawford-Brown DJ, Kavlock RJ, Kimmel CA, Knudsen TB, Muneoka K, Rogers JM, Setzer RW, Smith G, Tyl R.

    Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL...

  7. IMPACT OF BODY WEIGHT CHANGE ON THE EDSTAC TIER 1 MALE AND FEMALE PUBERTAL PROTOCOLS

    EPA Science Inventory

    IMPACT OF BODY WEIGHT CHANGE ON THE EDSTAC TIER I MALE AND FEMALE PUBERTAL PROTOCOLS. R.L. Cooper, T.E. Stoker, K. McElroy, J. Ferrell, K. Leffler, K. Bremser and S.C. Laws. Endocrinology Branch, Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, ORD, USEPA, RTP, NC. Sponsor: R.J. Kavl...

  8. THE OPTICAL-INFRARED WAVELENGTH DOMAIN

    E-print Network

    Peletier, Reynier

    .02 + ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, ,, The detected signal in the V-band for a source with magnitude mV is then given by: Ex.1: Human eye, at night A Rayleigh-Jeans parts have slope 2: B() 2 , independent of T - in R.-J. domain B() T at fixed for ground

  9. Low timing jitter detector for gigahertz quantum key distribution

    E-print Network

    Buller, Gerald S.

    : Quantum key distribution (QKD) [1­3] offers a verifi- ably secure method to share cryptographic keysLow timing jitter detector for gigahertz quantum key distribution R.J. Collins, R.H. Hadfield, V nanowire is demonstrated in an optical-fibre-based quantum key distribution test bed operating at a clock

  10. Deletion of IKZF1 and Prognosis in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Cancer.gov

    Mullighan CG, Su X, Zhang J, Radtke I, Phillips LA, Miller CB, Ma J, Liu W, Cheng C, Schulman BA, Harvey RC, Chen IM, Clifford RJ, Carroll WL, Reaman G, Bowman WP, Devidas M, Gerhard DS, Yang W, Relling MV, Shurtleff SA, Campana D, Borowitz MJ, Pui CH, Smith M, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Downing JR; Children's Oncology Group.

  11. Intratrophic predation in a simple food chain with a fluctuating nutrient

    E-print Network

    Baglama, James

    Intratrophic predation in a simple food chain with a fluctuating nutrient S. R.-J. Jang1 , J food chain in var- ious complexity has helped researchers in understanding and interpreting 1 by assuming that the food resource that is available to the predator is a weighted sum of prey and predator

  12. Center of Excellence in HIV/AIDS & Cancer Virology

    Cancer.gov

    Large intestine-targeted, nanoparticle-releasing oral vaccine to control genitorectal viral infection Zhu Q, Talton J, Zhang G, Cunningham T, Wang Z, Waters RC, Kirk J, Eppler B, Klinman DM, Sui Y, Gagnon S, Belyakov IM, Mumper RJ, and Berzofsky JA Most n

  13. 114 Biochimica et Biophysica Acta, 974 (1989) 114-118 BBA40222 BBA Report

    E-print Network

    Govindjee

    1989-01-01

    of a bicarbonate-depletion effect in electron transfer between quinones in chromatophores and reaction centers of Rhodobacter sphaeroides R.J. Shopes *, D.J. Blubaugh **, C.A. Wraight and Govindjee Department of Physiology1988) Keywords: Bicarbonateeffect;Electrontransfer;Quinone

  14. Effects of gravity and pressure on laminar coflow methaneair diffusion flames at pressures from 1 to 60 atmospheres

    E-print Network

    Gülder, Ömer L.

    Effects of gravity and pressure on laminar coflow methane­air diffusion flames at pressures from 1 to 60 atmospheres Marc R.J. Charest , Clinton P.T. Groth, Ömer L. Gülder University of Toronto January 2011 Available online 12 February 2011 Keywords: High pressure combustion Zero-gravity combustion

  15. Vacuum packing: a model system for laboratory-scale silage fermentations

    E-print Network

    Griffith, Gareth

    Vacuum packing: a model system for laboratory-scale silage fermentations H.E. Johnson1 , R.J. Merry-scale silage studies. Methods and Results: Using perennial ryegrass or red clover forage, similar fermentations settings (initial packing densities of 0Æ397, 0Æ435, 0Æ492 and 0Æ534 g cm)3 ) on the silage fermentation

  16. 78 FR 44469 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Airplanes

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-24

    ...Avro 146-RJ Series AMM, Revision 104, dated April 15, 2011, to remove life limits on shock absorber assemblies, but not on the individual shock absorber components, amend life limits on MLG up-locks and door up-locks, and to...

  17. Valence Specific Laterality Effects in Prosody: Expectancy Account and the Effects of Morphed Prosody and Stimulus Lead

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rodway, Paul; Schepman, Astrid

    2007-01-01

    The majority of studies have demonstrated a right hemisphere (RH) advantage for the perception of emotions. Other studies have found that the involvement of each hemisphere is valence specific, with the RH better at perceiving negative emotions and the LH better at perceiving positive emotions [Reuter-Lorenz, P., & Davidson, R.J. (1981)…

  18. Journal of Computational Mathematics, Vol.26, No.3, 2008, 114. FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATIONS FOR SCHRODINGER

    E-print Network

    Gong, Xingao

    Journal of Computational Mathematics, Vol.26, No.3, 2008, 1­14. FINITE ELEMENT APPROXIMATIONS, · · · , Natom), where Natom is the total number of the atoms in the system. * Received January 23, 2008), rj is the position of the j-th atom (j = 1, · · · , Natom), = Nocc i=1 ci|ui|2 (1.4) with ui the i

  19. Robert J. Schoelkopf Yale University

    E-print Network

    Devoret, Michel H.

    -Tie Antenna Structure," R.D. Grober, R.J. Schoelkopf, and D.E. Prober. Advisors T.G. Phillips, J. Zmuidzinas://www.eng.yale.edu/rslab/ Education Princeton University, A.B. (1986), Physics, cum laude. California Institute of Technology, Ph.D-) William A. Norton Professor of Applied Physics and Physics, Yale University (2009-2013) Co

  20. ENGINEERING FEATURES OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE)

    E-print Network

    ENGINEERING FEATURES OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) R.J. Thomea and P.J. Heitzenroederb for the FIRE Design Team a MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, 185 Albany St, Cambridge, MA, USA Box 451, Princeton, NJ, USA 08543 The FIRE tokamak is an option for the next step in the US magnetic

  1. Structural stability of polymer matrix composite panels in fire

    E-print Network

    Dao, Ming

    Structural stability of polymer matrix composite panels in fire Pei Gu a,*, Ming Dao b , R.J. Asaro of Materials Science and Engineering, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, United States c Department of Structure Engineering, University of California at San Diego, CA 92093-0085, United

  2. www.landesbioscience.com Communicative & Integrative Biology 1 Communicative & Integrative Biology 6:1, 14; January/February 2013; 2013 Landes Bioscience

    E-print Network

    Chittka, Lars

    , harmonic radar, navigation, spatial cognition Submitted: 10/26/12 Accepted: 10/26/12 http://dx.doi.org/10 to: Lihoreau M, Raine NE, Reynolds AM, Stelzer RJ, Lim KS, Smith AD, et al.; Addendum to. Radar. In a recent study, we used harmonic radar and motion-triggered video cameras to track bumblebees foraging

  3. hlternational Journal ~/ Fracture 42: 301-321, 1990. W.G. Knauss and A.J. Rosakis (eds) Non-lbTear Fracture.

    E-print Network

    for such crystals, with either stationary or quasi-statically growing cracks, have been obtained in the ideally crystals 301 J.R. RICE,* D.E. HAWK ** and R.J. ASARO: *Division ~/"Applied Seienees, Harvard Universio analysis of crack tip fields in elastic-plastic single crystals are presented and some preliminary results

  4. Bound on the projective dimension of three cubics

    E-print Network

    Engheta, Bahman

    2009-01-01

    We show that given any polynomial ring R over a field, and any ideal J in R which is generated by three cubic forms, the projective dimension of R/J is at most 36. We also settle the question whether ideals generated by three cubic forms can have projective dimension greater than 4, by constructing one with projective dimension equal to 5.

  5. Quick Start Guide Cisco Small Business Pro IP Phone

    E-print Network

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    phone to create a wireless connection between the phone and the network. See the WBP54G documentationQuick Start Guide Cisco Small Business Pro IP Phone Models SPA501G, SPA502G, SPA504G, SPA508G, and SPA509G Package Contents · IP Telephone · Phone Stand · RJ-45 Ethernet Cable · Quick Start Guide

  6. Xi-Min Deng (Ph.D.) Current mailing address406 9th

    E-print Network

    Liu, Gang-yu

    , USA (effects of water stress on C assimilation and distribution in cacao seedlings). 1989 ­ present-labelled assimilates in cacao seedlings. Physiol. Plant. 1990. 78: 623-627. Ximin Deng, RJ Joly, DT Hahn. The influence of plant water deficit on distribution of 14C-labelled assimilates in cacao seedlings. Ann. Bot. 1990. 66

  7. Low Bias Electron Scattering in Structure-Identified Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes: Role of Substrate Polar Phonons

    E-print Network

    Heinz, Tony F.

    .80.Rj, 73.63.Fg Discovered nearly two decades ago, single wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) remain oneLow Bias Electron Scattering in Structure-Identified Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes: Role temperature-dependent electrical transport measurements on known structure single wall carbon nanotubes at low

  8. Economical Energy Storage Option Enhances Energy Purchasing Strategies 

    E-print Network

    Hansen, D. W.; Winters, P. J.

    1996-01-01

    ,000 1992 United Parcel Service Forsyth County, Georcia 6,000 1994 Via Parque Shopping Center Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil 13,200 1994 45 ESL-IE-96-04-07 Proceedings from the Eighteenth Industrial Energy Technology Conference, Houston, TX, April 17...

  9. This paper has been downloaded from the Building and Environmental Thermal Systems Research Group at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu)

    E-print Network

    IMPLEMENTATION IN ENERGYPLUS Daniel E Fisher1 , Russell D. Taylor2 , Fred Buhl3 , Richard J Liesen2 , and Richard at Oklahoma State University (www.hvac.okstate.edu) The correct citation for the paper is: Fisher, D.E., R.D. Taylor, F. Buhl, R.J. Liesen, R.K. Strand. 1999. A Modular, Loop- Based Approached to HVAC Energy

  10. Climate Models and Their Evaluation

    E-print Network

    Box, Jason E.

    (USA), Jayaraman Srinivasan (India), Ronald J. Stouffer (USA), Akimasa Sumi (Japan), Karl E. Taylor. Pitman, J. Shukla, J. Srinivasan, R.J. Stouffer, A. Sumi and K.E. Taylor, 2007: Cilmate Models8 Climate Models and Their Evaluation Coordinating Lead Authors: David A. Randall (USA), Richard A

  11. INFINITE PRODUCTS OF ZERODIMENSIONAL COMMUTATIVE RINGS

    E-print Network

    INFINITE PRODUCTS OF ZERO­DIMENSIONAL COMMUTATIVE RINGS Robert Gilmer and William Heinzer 1 of R and J ` I is an ideal of R, then each extension ring of R=J is infinite is infinite­dimensional. (1.2) If S is a nonzero homomorphic image of R, then S has dimension either 0, 1

  12. Reef Temp Next Generation: A new operational system for monitoring reef thermal stress 21Volume 7 No 1 February 2014 Journal of Operational Oceanography

    E-print Network

    Spillman, Claire

    since 1982 on the Great Barrier Reef (GBR), with mass bleaching events occurring in 1997/1998 and 2002,Townsville,Australia RJ Beeden MAppSci, BSc (Hons), Climate Change Group, Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA to coral bleach- ing across the Great Barrier Reef. Products are derived from state-of-the-art satellite

  13. LIMITS ON THE WIMP-NUCLEON CROSS-SECTION FROM THE CRYOGENIC DARK MATTER SEARCH

    E-print Network

    California at Berkeley, University of

    LIMITS ON THE WIMP-NUCLEON CROSS-SECTION FROM THE CRYOGENIC DARK MATTER SEARCH R.J. GAITSKELL (FOR detectors to search for WIMPs via their elastic-scattering interactions with nuclei while discriminating site, give limits on the spin-independent WIMP- nucleon elastic-scattering cross-section that exclude

  14. DCCPS: Health Behavior Constructs: Theory, Measurement, & Research

    Cancer.gov

    Cameron, L.D., Booth R.J., Schlatter, M., Ziginskas D., Harman, J.E., Benson, S.R.C. (2005). Cognitive and affective determinants of decision to attend a group psychosocial support program for women with breast cancer. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 584-589.

  15. Data Base for Liquid Breeders and Coolants APEX Interim Report November, 1999

    E-print Network

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    .E.J. Schins, Liquid Metals for Heat Pipes, Properties, Plots and Data Sheets, JRC- Ispra (1967) [3] R.J. Janz, Thermodynamic and Transport Properties for Molten Salts: Correlation equations for critically eva.1.2 Physical Properties of Molten Natural Li (temperature in degrees Kelvin)-Valid for T = 455-1500 K. Melting

  16. Publications 2013 onwards 1. Chau DYS, Johnson C, MacNeil S, Haycock JW, Ghaemmaghami AM. (2013) The

    E-print Network

    Ojovan, Michael

    2013-01-01

    , Kelling CK, Isfort RJ, Haycock JW, MacNeil S, Smallwood RH (2013) Skin stem cell hypotheses and long term JW (2012). Integrated culture and purification of rat Schwann cells from freshly isolated adult site influences the differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells for Schwann cell phenotype

  17. Decentralized Throughput Scheduling Jasper de Jong, Marc Uetz, and Andreas Wombacher

    E-print Network

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands {j.dejong-3, m.uetz, a scheduling in a decentralized setting. In throughput scheduling, a set of jobs j with values wj, processing of unrelated machines. The goal is to maximize the total value of jobs scheduled within their time window [rj

  18. The Terrestrial Carbon (TerraC) Information System Vers. 1.0 Brandon Hoover1

    E-print Network

    Ma, Lena

    a database infrastructure for the carbon science community, focused on ecosystems in Florida & Water Science University of Florida Gainesville, FL, 32611 2 Federal Rural University of Rio de Janeiro, in Seropédica, RJ, Brazil (former affiliation: Department of Soil and Water Science, University of Florida) 3

  19. Atmospheric chemistry of hydrocarbon fuels. Volume 1: Experiments, results and discussion

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Carter, W. P. L.; Ripley, P. S.; Smith, C. G.; Pitts, J. N., Jr.

    1981-11-01

    A total 132 single- and multi-day outdoor environmental chamber experiments were carried out involving nine fuels. These included the ptroleum-derived JP-4 and JP-8 military aviation fuels, their shale-oil-derived analogues, unleaded gasoline, diesel No. 2 fuel, and the experimental high-energy cruise-missile fuels JP-10, RJ-4, and RJ-5. The results of this study show that the Air Force fuels JP-4 and JP-8 (both petroleum- and shale-derived) are significantly less reactive with respect to rates of oxidant formation and NO to NO2 conversion than unleaded gasoline. The cruise-missile fuels JP-10, RJ-4, and RJ-5 exhibit still lower reactivities. Under the meteorological conditions encountered during this study, the same general reactivity ranking was observed for multi-day irradiation conditions. However, under multi-day static irradiations with no further introduction of reactants, all of the military fuels studies (i.e., both kerosene-derived and high-energy) had similar maximum ozone-forming potentials.

  20. Lab 3: Fading Lab This lab introduces for loops and while loops through control of LEDs, piezo buzzers, and

    E-print Network

    Wedeward, Kevin

    the same actions with the two loops. Materials 1) Arduino Uno 2) MakeBlock Shield 3) 1 × LED 4) 1 × 220 on top of the Arduino. This device provides simple phone cord connections (RJ25) between ports SOURCE BEFORE CHECKING WITH TAs). Supplying too much power and wrong connections can damage the Arduino

  1. EFFECT OF AN ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MOLINATE ON OVULATION IN THE LONG-EVANS HOODED RAT

    EPA Science Inventory

    EFFECT OF AN ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MOLINATE ON OVULATION IN THE LONG-EVANS HOODED RAT. T E Stoker, D L Guidici, S C Jeffay, W K McElroy, S D Perreault and R L Cooper. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, ORD, US EPA, RTP, NC. Sponsor: RJ Kavlock.
    Molinate, a thiocarbamate ...

  2. JB6 Mouse Model

    Cancer.gov

    Keene AM, Allaway RJ, Sadrieh N, Tyner KM.  Gold nanoparticle trafficking of typically excluded compounds across the cell membrane in JB6 Cl 41-5a cells causes assay interference.  Nanotoxicology, 2010.  Abstract    Son YO, Hitron JA, Cheng S, Budhraja A,

  3. Biol. Lett. (2008) 4, 729732 doi:10.1098/rsbl.2008.0402

    E-print Network

    Benton, Michael

    2008-01-01

    Palaeontology Fossil quality and naming dinosaurs Michael J. Benton* Department of Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK *mike.benton@bristol.ac.uk The intense interest in dinosaurs through the past of dinosaurs were based on scrappy and incomplete material. After 1960, the majority of new species have been

  4. 76 FR 44939 - Government-Owned Inventions; Availability for Licensing

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-07-27

    ...: Mariappan M, Li X, Stefanovic S, Sharma A, Mateja A, Keenan RJ, Hegde RS. A ribosome-associating factor... below are owned by an agency of the U.S. Government and are available for licensing in the U.S. in accordance with 35 U.S.C. 207 to achieve expeditious commercialization of results of...

  5. A GENUINELY HIGH ORDER TOTAL VARIATION DIMINISHING ...

    E-print Network

    where the total variation is measured by (1.2), necessarily degenerate to first order ... volume schemes we develop in this paper are (k+1)-th order accurate in the ..... where rj(x) is either a polynomial or a (possibly discontinuous) two-piece poly ...

  6. The statistics of intermittency maps dynamical modelling of networks

    E-print Network

    Arrowsmith, David

    . Barenco , R.J. Mondragon , M. Woolf July 12, 2004 Abstract The paper is split into two parts. The first to a piece-wise linear function p an invariant density can be easily determined, [5]. The approach was first. The specific map considered is a piece-linear map of the interval. The map is then used in the second part

  7. THOMPSON'S GROUP AS A TEICHM ULLER MAPPING CLASS E. DE FARIA, F. P. GARDINER, AND W. J. HARVEY

    E-print Network

    Harvey, Bill

    groups which were first discovered by R.J Thompson as an ingredient in the study of solvable but finitely many dyadic rational points in [0, 1] and whose slope in each linear piece is a power of 2. In this paper we give two examples where Thompson's F group acts as a Te- ichm¨uller mapping class group

  8. 38 | VOL.10 NO.1 | JANUARY 2013 | nature methods special feature | METHODS TO WATCH

    E-print Network

    Cai, Long

    . But new develop- ments in 2012 (R.J. Rose et al., Nat. Methods 9, 1084­1086, 2012), extending the use proteins. Though the shot- gun approach has met with wide success for high-throughput proteome profiling complexes (such as the yeast 20S proteasome, depicted here) seems likely to grow. Machines learn phenotypes

  9. Status Loss as a Source of Ethno-Religious Factionalism

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vrga, Djuro; Fahey, Frank J.

    1971-01-01

    Findings of this study show that the controversy in the Serbian Eastern Orthodox Church in America resulted in the factional division of the whole Serbian ethnic minority group along certain lines of internal differentiation; the kind and level of education are the major factors conditioning social mobility and status. (RJ)

  10. Fusion Engineering and Design 85 (2010) 969973 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect

    E-print Network

    Raffray, A. René

    2010-01-01

    Fusion Engineering and Design 85 (2010) 969­973 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Fusion workshop on the topic of fusion power W.R. Meiera, , A.R. Raffrayb , R.J. Kurtzc , N.B. Morleyd , W Alamos, NM, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Available online 8 December 2009 Keywords: Fusion

  11. Monocytes and tissue factor promote thrombosis in a murine model of oxygen deprivation.

    E-print Network

    Lawson, C. A.; Yan, Shirley ShiDu; Yan, S. F.; Liao, H.; Zhou, Y. S.; Sobel, J.; Kisiel, W.; Stern, David M.; Pinsky, D. J.

    1997-04-01

    :1601–1606. 2. Anderson, F.A., Jr., H.B. Wheeler, R.J. Goldberg, D.W. Hosmer, N.A. Patwardhan, B. Jovanovic, A. Forcier, and J.E. Dalen. 1991. A population- based perspective of the hospital incidence and case-fatality rates of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary...

  12. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ORIMULSION (R): REPORT TO CONGRESS ON PHASE I OF THE ORIMULSION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM, VOLUME 2: PROJECT REPORT/SUMMARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    NRMRL-RTP-193b Miller*, C.A., Dreher, KL, Wentsel*, R., and Nadeau*, R.J. Environmental Impacts of the Use of Orimulsion (R): Report to Congress on Phase I of the Orimulsion Technology Assessment Program, Volume 2. 2001. EPA/600/R-01/056b (NTIS PB2002-109040). 05/15/2000 The rep...

  13. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ORIMULSION: REPORT TO CONGRESS ON PHASE 1 OF THE ORIMULSION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMERNT PROGRAM: VOLUME 1: PROJECT REPORT/SUMMARY

    EPA Science Inventory

    PUB REPORT NRMRL-RTP-193a Miller*, C.A., Dreher, KL, Wentsel*, R., and Nadeau*, R.J. Environmental Impacts of the Use of Orimulsion: Report to Congress on Phase 1 of the Orimulsion Technology Assessmernt Program: Volume 1:. 2001. EPA/600/R-01/056a (NTIS PB2002-109039). 05/15/200...

  14. PREPARED FOR THE U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY, UNDER CONTRACT DE-AC02-76CH03073

    E-print Network

    .H. Burrell, P. Gohil, R.J. Groebner, and L.R. Baylor July 2004 #12;PPPL Reports Disclaimer This report. Gohil, and R. J. Groebner General Atomics, P.O. Box 85608, San Diego, California 92186-5608 L. R. Baylor of any information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, or represents that its use would

  15. Engineering Ecotin for Identifying Proteins with a Trypsin Fold

    E-print Network

    Craik, Charles S.

    e Molecular, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ 24001-970, Brazil e 10.1007/s12010-009-8711-z P. C. Sathler :H. C. Castro (*) LaBioMol, Departamento de Biologia Celular Médica, Programa de Biologia Estrutural, Centro de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal do Rio de

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE H.A. Cunha V.M.F. da Silva J. Lailson-Brito Jr

    E-print Network

    Solé-Cava, Antonio M.

    .A. Cunha Æ A.M. Sole´ -Cava (&) Laborato´ rio de Biodiversidade Molecular, Dept. Gene´ tica, Inst. Biologia-clade (NCA), phylogenetic analyses and analysis of molecular variance of control region sequences showed, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Ilha do Funda~ o, 21941-590 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil E-mail: sole@biologia

  17. Biochemistry Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 36 (2006) 322335

    E-print Network

    Leps, Jan "Suspa"

    2006-01-01

    Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 36 (2006) 322 Janeiro, RJ, Brazil d Instituto de Biologia, IBRAG, Universidade Estadual do Rio de Janeiro, 210551-feeding insects and ticks to counteract its deleterious effects. In spite of the existence of a great molecular

  18. USE OF THE RIBONUCLEASE PROTECTION ASSAY FOR IDENTIFYING CHEMICALS WHICH ELLICIT HYPERSENSITIVITY RESPONSES

    EPA Science Inventory

    Use of the Ribonuclease Protection Assay (RPA) for Identifying Chemicals that Elicit Hypersensitivity Responses. L.M. Plitnick, 1, D.M. Sailstad, 2, and R.J. Smialowicz, 2 1UNC, Curriculum in Toxicology, Chapel Hill, NC and 2USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC.

    The incidence of aller...

  19. CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS

    EPA Science Inventory

    CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS. LM Plitnick1, SE Loveless2, GS Ladics2, MP Holsapple3, MJ Selgrade4, DM Sailstad4 & RJ Smialowicz4. 1UNC, Chapel Hill, NC; 2DuPont Co., Haskell Laboratory, Newark, DE; 3Dow Chemical, Midland, MI & 4USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC.

  20. REVISING EPA'S GUIDELINES FOR THE DERIVATIONS OF AQUATIC LIFE AMBIENT WATER QUALITY CRITERIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Henry, T.R., H.E. Bell, C.G. Delos, R.J. Erickson, K.M. Kubena and F.L. Mayer. In press. Revising EPA's Guidelines for the Derivation of Aquatic Life Ambient Water Quality Criteria (Abstract). To be presented at the SETAC Fourth World Congress, 14-18 November 2004, Portland, OR. ...

  1. MUAN: Animation for the rest of us Margareth Catoia Varela Luiz Velho Hedlena Bezerra Bruno Madeira

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    MUAN: Animation for the rest of us Margareth Catoia Varela Luiz Velho Hedlena Bezerra Bruno Madeira Janeiro, RJ. 22280-060 Abstract MUAN is a Stop Motion Animation System. The MUAN system allows animation, and con- sists of programs to create, edit, manipulate and visualize animations. 1. Introduction Although

  2. An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1

    E-print Network

    de Figueiredo, Luiz Henrique

    An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1 Bruno Feij´o1 Luiz Velho2 1 PUC 110 22460-320 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil lvelho@impa.br Abstract Shading for cel animation based on images is a recent research topic in computer-assisted animation. This paper proposes an image

  3. Crime, Youth, and the Labor Market

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Phillips, Llad; And Others

    1972-01-01

    Concentrating on eighteen-to-nineteen-year-old white and nonwhite males, this study utilizes a model permitting alternative partitioning of the population, classified by labor-market status, which links individual subsets to property crime. Concludes that economic opportunity is a key factor in generating youthful crime. (RJ)

  4. Mode-Multiplexed Transmission over Conventional Graded-Index Multimode

    E-print Network

    Yoo, S. J. Ben

    , S. Chandrasekhar, A. Gnauck, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, J. Salazar-Gil, Y. Sun, L. Gruner. Chandrasekhar, X. Liu, B. Guan, R.-J. Essiambre, P. J. Winzer, S. Leon-Saval, J. Bland-Hawthorn, R. Delbue, P

  5. Werkcollege III Opgave 1: De Hubble Expansie

    E-print Network

    Weijgaert, Rien van de

    uit met de Hubble expansie). Natuurlijk zijn wij zelf het beste voorbeeld: de van der Waals molec moet gezien worden als het begin van het heelal: de Big Bang. d) Als je aanneemt dat de expansie van sterrenstelsels i en j dezelfde positie hadden. In de tijd tH zijn de 2 stelsels een afstand |ri-rj| van elkaar af

  6. 1024 J. Phys. Chem. 1992, 96, 1024-1040 FEATURE ARTICLE

    E-print Network

    Cohen, Ronald C.

    of the van der Waals Bond: A New Look at Intermolecular Forces R.C.Coben+and R.J. Saykally* Department) transitions d a t e d with the motionsof the weak bonds in van der Waals clusters. The most direct measurementsare those probing only the van der Waals modes themselves,which occur at far-infrared wavelengths

  7. Appendix D Ewald Summation D.1 Introduction

    E-print Network

    Goddard III, William A.

    biological systems, accurate computation of electrostatic and van der Waals interactions is the most di cult is the London dispersion term, or the van der Waals attraction sum. We'll derive the lattice summation formulasPK X i;j Cij jri ,rj + njp D.2 where the prime denotes that terms with i = j and n = 0 are omitted

  8. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9326

    E-print Network

    models. (Submitted to Physics Letters B) #12; The OPAL Collaboration P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander 23 , J;a , G.A. Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16

  9. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9137

    E-print Network

    . (Submitted to Physics Letters B) #12; The OPAL Collaboration M.Z. Akrawy 13 , G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16. Azuelos 18,c , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16 , J

  10. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS CERN PPE/93118

    E-print Network

    16 , G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , K.J. Anderson 9 , S. Arcelli 2 , A. Astbury 28 , D. Axen 29 , G. Azuelos 18;a , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16 , R

  11. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9234

    E-print Network

    . (Submitted to Physics Letters B) #12; P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , P.P. Allport 5 , K.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16 , J.R. Batley 5 , G. Beaudoin 18

  12. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS CERNPPE/93149

    E-print Network

    ) ; with a correlation coefficient of +0:15. Submitted to Zeitschrift f¨ur Physik C #12; R. Akers 16 , G. Alexander 23.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16 , R. Bartoldus 3 , J.R. Batley 5

  13. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/92116

    E-print Network

    in this study. (Submitted to Zeitschrift fË?ur Physik C) #12; The OPAL Collaboration P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander. Azuelos 18,a , G.A. Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett

  14. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9192

    E-print Network

    Letters B) #12; The OPAL Collaboration G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , P.P. Allport 5 , K.J. Anderson 9.A. Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16 , J.R. Batley

  15. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN--EP/9081

    E-print Network

    .71 -0.65 . (submitted to Physics Letters B) #12; The OPAL Collaboration M.Z. Akrawy 11 , G. Alexander 21 14 , G. Azuelos 16,f , J.T.M. Baines 14 , A.H. Ball 15 , J. Banks 14 , G.J. Barker 11 , R.J. Barlow

  16. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9289

    E-print Network

    of the data. (Submitted to Physics Letters B ) #12; The OPAL Collaboration P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander 23 , J;a , G.A. Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16

  17. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9302

    E-print Network

    the hadronization process. (Submitted to Zeitschrift f¨ur Physik C ) #12; P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander 23 , J , G.A.Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16 , J

  18. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/9238

    E-print Network

    ) #12; The OPAL Collaboration P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , P.P. Allport 5 , K.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16 , J.R. Batley 5 , G. Beaudoin 18

  19. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS CERNPPE/9367

    E-print Network

    . Akers 16 , G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , K.J. Anderson 9 , S. Arcelli 2 , A. Astbury 28 , D.Axen 29 , G. Azuelos 18;a , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16 , R

  20. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/93156

    E-print Network

    . Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , K.J. Anderson 9 , S. Arcelli 2 , A. Astbury 28 , D. Axen 29 , G. Azuelos 18;a , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16 , R. Bartoldus 3 , J

  1. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR PARTICLE PHYSICS CERNPPE/93132

    E-print Network

    and the second systematic. To be submitted to Phys. Lett. #12; The OPAL Collaboration R.Akers 16 , G. Alexander.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , R.J. Barlow 16 , S. Barnett 16 , R. Bartoldus 3 , J.R. Batley 5

  2. EUROPEAN ORGANISATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERNPPE/91103

    E-print Network

    to Physics Letters B #12; The OPAL Collaboration G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , P.P. Allport 5 , K.A. Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16 , J.R. Batley

  3. EUROPEAN ORGANIZATION FOR NUCLEAR RESEARCH CERN--PPE/92--18

    E-print Network

    . To be submitted to Z. Phys. C #12; The OPAL Collaboration P.D. Acton 25 , G. Alexander 23 , J. Allison 16 , P , G.A. Bahan 16 , J.T.M. Baines 16 , A.H. Ball 17 , J. Banks 16 , G.J. Barker 13 , R.J. Barlow 16 , J

  4. Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic observations

    E-print Network

    Jesus, Sérgio M.

    Classification of Cabo Frio (Brazil) three-dimensional ocean features using single-slice acoustic-000 Arraial do Cabo, RJ, Brazil, {lcalado, ana.claudia}@ieapm.mar.mil.br Acoustic tomography is now a well for an instantaneous sound speed field constructed from dynamical predictions for Cabo Frio, Brazil. The results show

  5. Alecia J. Mc 356 Wallace Hall

    E-print Network

    Schrag, Daniel

    health care politics; health disparities and social inequalities; religion, race and politics; mental Harvard Global Health Institute, Graduate Fellowship, 2013 Harvard Center for American Political Studies, Blendon RJ. "The Politics of Health Care `Privatization' in Brazil: An Analysis of Political Party

  6. PLANETARY RADII ACROSS FIVE ORDERS OF MAGNITUDE IN MASS AND STELLAR INSOLATION: APPLICATION TO TRANSITS

    E-print Network

    Metchev, Stanimir

    -helium, water, rock, and iron planets, along with var- ious mixtures. Masses ranging from 0.01 Earth masses their original masses and are not remnants of more massive planets, radii of $0.30­ 0.45 RJ are expected. Water of planets around other stars. Exoplanets now number over 200, with masses as small as$5­7MÈ (Riveraetal.2005

  7. Publication list November 7th Page 1 of 18

    E-print Network

    Saskatchewan, University of

    Publication list November 7th , 2011 Page 1 of 18 Reviewed publications Names of graduate students Properties in Spintronic Materials R.J. Green, G.S. Chang, X.Y. Zhang, A. Dinia, E.Z. Kurmaev, and A. Moewes

  8. Shock reequilibration of fluid inclusions in Coconino sandstone from Meteor Crater, Arizona

    E-print Network

    Bodnar, Robert J.

    for extraterrestrial life. Results obtained so far demonstrate that liquid water has been active since the earliest,2], and inferred liquid oceans beneath the icy surface of Europa [5]. Explicit samples of extraterrestrial liquid@lpl.arizona.edu (D.A. Kring), rjb@vt.edu (R.J. Bodnar). Earth and Planetary Science Letters 241 (2006) 32­46 www

  9. PHARMACOLOGIC PROBING OF AMPHOTERICIN B-INDUCED RENAL DYSFUNCTION IN THE NEONATAL RAT

    EPA Science Inventory

    Pharmacologic Probing of Amphotericin B-Induced Renal Dysfunction in the Neonatal Rat. Gray, J.A., and Kavlock, R.J. (1988). Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 93, 360-368. Acetazolamide, furosemide, chlorothiazide, and amiloride pharmacologic agents that act primarily in the proximal tub...

  10. Deletion of IKZF1 and Prognosis in Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia | Office of Cancer Genomics

    Cancer.gov

    Mullighan CG, Su X, Zhang J, Radtke I, Phillips LA, Miller CB, Ma J, Liu W, Cheng C, Schulman BA, Harvey RC, Chen IM, Clifford RJ, Carroll WL, Reaman G, Bowman WP, Devidas M, Gerhard DS, Yang W, Relling MV, Shurtleff SA, Campana D, Borowitz MJ, Pui CH, Smith M, Hunger SP, Willman CL, Downing JR; Children's Oncology Group.

  11. The Non-Self-Embedding Property Generalized Fuzzy Context-Free Grammars

    E-print Network

    Theune, Mariët

    The Non-Self-Embedding Property for Generalized Fuzzy Context-Free Grammars Peter R.J. Asveld Dept. of Computer Science, Twente University of Technology P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede, the Netherlands e-mail: infprja@cs.utwente.nl Abstract. A fuzzy context-free K-grammar is a fuzzy context-free grammar

  12. arXiv:0802.1951v1[astro-ph]14Feb2008 Observation of gamma-ray emission from the galaxy M 87 above

    E-print Network

    250 GeV with VERITAS V.A. Acciari1 , M. Beilicke2 , G. Blaylock3 , S.M. Bradbury4 , J.H. Buckley2 , V15 , J.E. Ward22 , T.C. Weekes5 , A. Weinstein6 , R.J. White4 , D.A. Williams24 , S.A. Wissel15 , M

  13. arXiv:astro-ph/0611730v124Nov2006 Observations of the unidentified TeV -Ray Source

    E-print Network

    +4130 with the Whipple Observatory 10 m Telescope A. Konopelko1 , R.W. Atkins2 , G. Blaylock3 , J.H. Buckley4 , Y. Butt5 , V.V. Vassiliev7 , R.G. Wagner21 , S.P. Wakely14 , T.C. Weekes13 , R.J. White17 , D.A. Williams22 , B

  14. arXiv:astro-ph/0604119v16Apr2006 The First VERITAS Telescope

    E-print Network

    .M. c Blaylock, G. d Bradbury, S.M. a Buckley, J.H. e Byrum, K.L. f Carter-Lewis, D.A. g Celik, O. h. a Toner, J.A. q Valcarcel, L. r Vassiliev, V.V. h Wakely, S.P. s Weekes, T.C. p White, R.J. a Williams, D

  15. arXiv:0802.2363v1[astro-ph]18Feb2008 VERITAS Observations of the -ray Binary LS I +61 303

    E-print Network

    .A. Acciari20,1 , M. Beilicke2 , G. Blaylock3 , S.M. Bradbury4 , J.H. Buckley2 , V. Bugaev2 , Y. Butt24 , K.C. Weekes1 , A. Weinstein6 , R.J. White4 , D.A. Williams17 , S.A. Wissel10 , M. Wood6 , B. Zitzer8 #12;­ 2

  16. arXiv:0808.0889v2[astro-ph]7Aug2008 VERITAS Discovery of >200 GeV Gamma-ray Emission from the

    E-print Network

    , M. B¨ottcher27 , S.M. Bradbury4 , J.H. Buckley2 , V. Bugaev2 , Y. Butt24 , O. Celik6 , A. Cesarini1.E. Ward13 , T.C. Weekes1 , A. Weinstein6 , R.J. White4 , D.A. Williams17 , S.A. Wissel10 , M. Wood6 , B

  17. Wisdom et al. 1 Effective Management Strategies for Sage-Grouse and Sagebrush: A Question of Triage?

    E-print Network

    Wisdom et al. 1 1 Effective Management Strategies for Sage-Grouse and Sagebrush: A Question.J., M.M. Rowland, and R.J. Tausch. 2005. Effective management strategies for sage-grouse and sagebrush. These high extirpation risks are exemplified by status and trends of Greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus

  18. ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING CHEMICALS: PREPUBERTAL EXPOSURES AND EFFECTS ON SEXUAL MATURATION AND THYROID ACTIVITY IN THE FEMALE RAT. A FOCUS ON THE EDSTAC RECOMMENDATIONS

    EPA Science Inventory

    Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: prepubertal exposures and effects on sexual maturation and thyroid activity in the female rat. A focus on the EDSTAC recommendations.

    Goldman JM, Laws SC, Balchak SK, Cooper RL, Kavlock RJ.

    Reproductive Toxicology Division, National H...

  19. Extended-time multi-taper frequency domain cross-correlation receiver function estimation

    E-print Network

    Helffrich, George

    Helffrich Earth Sciences, University of Bristol, Wills Mem. Bldg., Queen's Road, Bristol BS8 1RJ, UK zone structure shows that the method provides a way to investigate mantle structure from the surface-converted wave train is a convolution of the incident wave with the earth structure. Under the geologically

  20. Precambrian Research, 16 (1981) 195--230 195 Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam --Printed in The Netherlands

    E-print Network

    Stern, Robert J.

    1981-01-01

    Precambrian Research, 16 (1981) 195--230 195 Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, Amsterdam -- Printed in The Netherlands PETROGENESIS AND TECTONIC SETTING OF LATE PRECAMBRIAN ENSIMATIC VOLCANIC ROCKS) ABSTRACT Stern, R.J., 1981. Petrogenesis and tectonic setting of Late Precambrian ensimatic vol- canic

  1. Precambrian Research, 46 (1990) 259-272 259 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam --Printed in The Netherlands

    E-print Network

    Stern, Robert J.

    1990-01-01

    Precambrian Research, 46 (1990) 259-272 259 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam -- Printed in The Netherlands Origin of Late Precambrian Intrusive Carbonates, Eastern Desert of Egypt and Sudan: C, 0 and Sr; accepted May 29, 1989) Abstract Stern, R.J. and Gwinn, C.J., 1990. Origin of late Precambrian intrusive

  2. arXiv:astro-ph/0409742v130Sep2004 The Aquarius Superclusters

    E-print Network

    Maia, Marcio Antonio Geimba

    ), Brazil. 3Depto. de Educa¸c~ao, Museu de Astronomia e Ci^encias Afins (MAst/MCT), Rua Gal. Bruce, 586 ­ 20921-030, Rio de Janeiro (RJ), Brazil. 4Depto. de Astronomia, Observat´orio do Valongo (OV

  3. This article was downloaded by: [Universite Paul Sabatier] On: 11 March 2013, At: 11:13

    E-print Network

    Chave, Jérôme

    -Graduação em Ecologia, Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia (INPA), Manaus, Brasil b Coordenação de Pesquisa em Dinâmica Ambiental, INPA, Manaus, Brasil c Coordenação de Pesquisa em Biodiversidade, INPA, INPA, Manaus, Brasil n Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Oxapampa, Perú o Universidad Estatal Amazónica

  4. This article was downloaded by: [the Bodleian Libraries of the University of Oxford] On: 26 August 2013, At: 14:23

    E-print Network

    Malhi, Yadvinder

    Goeldi , Belém , Brasil f Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia , Manaus , Brasil Published online Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Belém, Brasil; f Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus on fertile terra preta soil in eastern Amazonia compared with a forest on adjacent infertile soil Christopher

  5. Survey for Transiting Extrasolar Planets in Stellar Systems. III. A Limit on the Fraction of Stars with Planets in the Open Cluster NGC 1245

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Burke, Christopher J.; Gaudi, B. Scott; DePoy, D. L.; Pogge, Richard W.

    2006-07-01

    We analyze a 19 night photometric search for transiting extrasolar planets in the open cluster NGC 1245. An automated transit search algorithm with quantitative selection criteria finds six transit candidates; none are bona fide planetary transits. We characterize the survey detection probability via Monte Carlo injection and recovery of realistic limb-darkened transits. We use this to derive upper limits on the fraction of cluster members with close-in Jupiter radii, RJ, companions. The survey sample contains ~870 cluster members, and we calculate 95% confidence upper limits on the fraction of these stars with planets by assuming that the planets have an even logarithmic distribution in semimajor axis over the Hot Jupiter (HJ; 3.0

    RJ companions we limit the fraction of cluster members with companions to <6.4% and <52% for VHJ and HJ companions, respectively. For 1.0RJ companions we find that <24% have VHJ companions. We do not reach the sensitivity to place any meaningful constraints on 1.0RJ HJ companions. From a careful analysis of the random and systematic errors of the calculation, we show that the derived upper limits contain a +13%/-7% relative error. For photometric noise and weather properties similar to those of this survey, observing NGC 1245 twice as long results in a tighter constraint on HJ companions than observing an additional cluster of richness similar to that of NGC 1245 for the same length of time as this survey. If 1% of stars have 1.5RJ HJ companions (as measured in radial velocity surveys), we expect to detect one planet for every 5000 dwarf stars observed for a month. To reach an ~2% upper limit on the fraction of stars with 1.5RJ companions in the 3.0

    RJ companions, without substantial improvement in the photometric precision, will require a small factor larger sample size.

  6. Soil carbon stocks in response to management changes due to vinasse application in sugarcane production in southeast of Brazil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Fernandes Zani, Caio; Simoes Barneze, Arlete; Clemente Cerri, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    Brazilian commodities, such as ethanol, are looking for sustainable production to suit the international market demands. Thus, studies about variations in soil carbon (C) stocks on the ethanol production are essential. Researches in relation of land use change are already been developed; however information about management changes on the sugarcane production is needed. According to Six et al. (2004) changing the management to conservationist practices can provide an organic matter accumulation to the soil and in a long-term, can increase the soil C stocks. The vinasse is a waste product of the sugarcane industry fuel which contains potassium and considerable quantities of other mineral nutrients. It is estimated that for each litre of ethanol produced is generated approximately 13 L of vinasse. Nowadays, almost all vinasse is applied to the soil as fertigation (Soares et al., 2009). The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in soil C stocks after the management change with or without vinasse application into sugarcane production in southeast Brazil. The soil sampling was carried out in a fuel industry located in São Paulo state, on July 2013. This area was always used a conventional management at least 34 years with application of mineral fertilizer. However, in the mid of 1990, one part of this area started to use vinasse as source of potassium in sugarcane production. In view of this, we conducted the experiment in these two areas of conventional management: i) without vinasse and ii) with vinasse application. Soil samples were collected in the nine trenches in each site: three trenches at 1 m soil depth and six mini-trenches up to 0.3 m. Samples were used to calculate the bulk density using the undisturbed method with a steel cylinder. Total C was measured by dry combustion on Carbon Analyzer - LECO® CN 2000®. The results showed that C content was a decrease with an increase soil depth. Soil C stocks for areas without vinasse application and vinasse application at 1 m depth were 117.23 Mg ha-1 and 126.92 Mg ha-1, and at 0.3 m depth we found 50.34 Mg ha-1 and 55.54 Mg ha-1, respectively. It represented an increase 8.3% and 10.3% in soil C stocks in areas with vinasse application at 1 m and 0.3 m soil depth. This information may be used as a basis for public policies decision which dealing of the land use and global warming. The scientific information obtained in this research will be included in carbon footprint calculation of ethanol production and its use as biofuel. References Ellert B.H., Bettany J.R. 1995. Calculation of organic matter and nutrients stored in soils under contrasting management regimes. Can. J. Soil Sci. 75:529-538. Six J., Ogle S.M., Breidt F.J., Conant R.T., Mosier A.R., Paustian K. 2004. The potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillage management is only realized when practiced in the long term. Glob. Chang. Biol. 10:155-160. Soares L.H.B., Alves B.J.R., Urquiaga S., Boddey R.M. 2009. Mitigação das emissões de gases efeito estufa pelo uso de etanol da cana-de-açúcar produzido no Brasil. Embrapa Agrobiologia, Seropédica, RJ. 14p. (Circular Técnica, 27).

  7. Sky Observation with the Use of the Software Stellarium for Teaching Astronomy in Classes of Youth and Adult Education. (Spanish Title: Observación del Cielo con la Utilización del Software Stellarium en Las Clases de Educación de Jóvenes y Adultos.) Observação do Céu Aliada À Utilização do Software Stellarium no Ensino de Astronomia em Turmas de Educação de Jovens e Adultos (EJA)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Oliveira Bernardes, Adriana

    2010-12-01

    The aim of this paper is to present a project developed through a partnership between the Astronomy Club of Itaocara Marcos Pontes (CAIMP) and Jaime de Souza Queiroz College, both located in the town of Itaocara, in the Northwest Fluminense, to disseminate Astronomy in adult education (Education for Youth and Adult). Given the interdisciplinary nature of Astronomy, we have developed this work to motivate the learning of this science by students in adult education, who attend the subjects Chemistry, Physics and Biology. Initially, we conducted a research in the school to assess the prior knowledge of Astronomy class of adult education, noting that there is little knowledge of basic concepts of the discipline. With these data, we were able to elaborate several activities that would enable a greater involvement of students with this science, performing in the school a work of improvement of scientific literacy, whose activities will be presented in this article. El objetivo de este artículo es presentar los resultados de un proyecto realizado por el Club de Astronomía de Itaocara "Marcos Pontes" (CAIMP), conjuntamente con el Colegio Estatal" Jaime de Souza Queiroz", ambos de la ciudad de Itaocara (Noroeste Fluminense - RJ, Brasil), para la difusión de la Astronomía entre los estudiantes, tanto adultos como adolescentes. Teniendo en cuenta la naturaleza interdisciplinaria de la Astronomía, se determinó motivar el estudio de esta ciencia en los estudiantes adultos de nivel secundario matriculados en las asignaturas de Química, Física y Biología. Como primer paso, se investigó el grado de conocimiento sobre astronomía del estudiante. Este estudio inicial mostró niveles de conocimiento muy bajos de los conceptos básicos de esta ciencia, muchos de los cuales deberían haber sido asimilados dentro del plan curricular del curso de Física. Este estudio previo permitió determinar las actividades adecuadas para promover un mayor envolvimiento de los estudiantes en las ciencias, o sea, elaborar y desarrollar un plan de alfabetización científica. Se describe en detalle este plan, las actividades realizadas y los resultados obtenidos hasta el presente. O objetivo do presente artigo é apresentar um projeto desenvolvido através de parceria entre o Clube de Astronomia de Itaocara Marcos Pontes (CAIMP) e o Colégio Estadual Jaime Queiroz de Souza, ambos localizados na cidade de Itaocara, no Noroeste Fluminense, no sentido de divulgar junto às turmas de EJA (Ensino de Jovens e Adultos) a disciplina Astronomia. Conhecendo o caráter interdisciplinar da Astronomia, desenvolvemos este trabalho para motivar o aprendizado de Ciências junto a alunos de EJA do Ensino Médio que cursam as disciplinas Química, Física e Biologia. Inicialmente, realizamos na escola pesquisa sobre o conhecimento prévio de Astronomia da turma de EJA, observando que é escasso o conhecimento de conceitos básicos do tema, muitos dos quais deveriam ser assimilados através do conteúdo da disciplina Física. Com esses dados, foi possível elaborar várias atividades que possibilitassem um maior envolvimento dos estudantes com a Ciência, realizando dentro da escola um trabalho de alfabetização científica, cujas atividades serão apresentadas neste artigo.

  8. Epigenetic Modification of Gene Expression in Honey Bees by Heterospecific Gland Secretions

    PubMed Central

    Huang, Zachary Y.; Wang, Zi Long; Yan, Wei Yu; Zeng, Zhi Jiang

    2012-01-01

    Background In the honey bee (Apis mellifera), queen and workers have different behavior and reproductive capacity despite possessing the same genome. The primary substance that leads to this differentiation is royal jelly (RJ), which contains a range of proteins, amino acids, vitamins and nucleic acids. MicroRNA (miRNA) has been found to play an important role in regulating the expression of protein-coding genes and cell biology. In this study, we characterized the miRNAs in RJ from two honey bee sister species and determined their possible effect on transcriptome in one species. Methodology/Principal Findings We sequenced the miRNAs in RJ either from A. mellifera (RJM) or A. cerana (RJC). We then determined the global transcriptomes of adult A. mellifera developed from larvae fed either with RJM (mRJM) or RJC (mRJC). Finally we analyzed the target genes of those miRNA that are species specific or differentially expressed in the two honey bee species. We show that there were differences in miRNA between RJM and RJC, and that transcriptomes of adult A. mellifera were affected by the two types of RJ. A high proportion (23.3%) of the affected genes were target genes of differential miRNAs. Conclusion We show for the first time that there are differences in miRNAs in RJ between A. mellifera and A. cerana. Further, the differences in transcriptomes of bees reared from these two RJs might be related to miRNA differences of the two species. This study provides the first evidence that heterospecific royal jelly can modify gene expression in honey bees through an epigenetic mechanism. PMID:22928024

  9. Reversion of a transcriptionally defective MHC class II-negative human B-cell mutant.

    PubMed Central

    Ombra, M N; Perfetto, C; Autiero, M; Anzisi, A M; Pasquinelli, R; Maffei, A; Del Pozzo, G; Guardiola, J

    1993-01-01

    RJ2.2.5, a mutant derived from the human B-lymphoma cell, Raji, is unable to express the MHC class II genes because of a recessive transcriptional defect attributed to the lack of an activator function. We report the isolation of a RJ2.2.5 revertant, namely AR, in which the expression of the mRNAs encoded by these genes is restored. Comparison of the binding of nuclear extracts or of partially purified nuclear preparations from the wild-type, the mutant and the revertant cells to a conserved MHC class II promoter element, the X-box, showed no alteration in the mobility of the complexes thus formed. However, in extracts from RJ2.2.5, and other MHC class II negative cell lines, such as HeLa, the amount of complex observed was significantly higher than in wild-type Raji cells. Furthermore, the binding activity exhibited by the AR revertant was lower than that of the RJ2.2.5 and higher than that of Raji. The use of specific monoclonal antibodies indicated that in all cases c-Jun and c-Fos or antigenically related proteins were required for binding. An inverse correlation between the level of DNA-protein complex formed and the level of MHC class II gene mRNA expressed in the three cell lines was apparent, suggesting that overexpression of a DNA binding factor forming complexes with class II promoter elements may cause repression of MHC class II transcription. A model which reconciles the previously ascertained recessivity of the phenotype of the mutation carried by RJ2.2.5 with the findings reported here is discussed. Images PMID:8441650

  10. Rejection Thresholds in Chocolate Milk: Evidence for Segmentation

    PubMed Central

    Harwood, Meriel L.; Ziegler, Gregory R.; Hayes, John E.

    2012-01-01

    Bitterness is generally considered a negative attribute in food, yet many individuals enjoy some bitterness in products like coffee or chocolate. In chocolate, bitterness arises from naturally occurring alkaloids and phenolics found in cacao. Fermentation and roasting help develop typical chocolate flavor and reduce the intense bitterness of raw cacao by modifying these bitter compounds. As it becomes increasingly common to fortify chocolate with `raw' cacao to increase the amount of healthful phytonutrients, it is important to identify the point at which the concentration of bitter compounds becomes objectionable, even to those who enjoy some bitterness. Classical threshold methods focus on the presence or absence of a sensation rather than acceptability or hedonics. A new alternative, the rejection threshold, was recently described in the literature. Here, we sought to quantify and compare differences in Rejection Thresholds (RjT) and Detection Thresholds (DT) in chocolate milk spiked with a food safe bitterant (sucrose octaacetate). In experiment 1, a series of paired preference tests was used to estimate the RjT for bitterness in chocolate milk. In a new group of participants (experiment 2), we determined the RjT and DT using the forced choice ascending method of limits. In both studies, participants were segmented on the basis of self-declared preference for milk or dark solid chocolate. Based on sigmoid fits of the indifference-preference function, the RjT was ~2.3 times higher for those preferring dark chocolate than the RjT for those preferring milk chocolate in both experiments. In contrast, the DT for both groups was functionally identical, suggesting that differential effects of bitterness on liking of chocolate products are not based on the ability to detect bitterness in these products. PMID:22754143

  11. Annealed Importance Sampling Reversible Jump MCMC algorithms

    SciTech Connect

    Karagiannis, Georgios; Andrieu, Christophe

    2013-03-20

    It will soon be 20 years since reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJ-MCMC) algorithms have been proposed. They have significantly extended the scope of Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation methods, offering the promise to be able to routinely tackle transdimensional sampling problems, as encountered in Bayesian model selection problems for example, in a principled and flexible fashion. Their practical efficient implementation, however, still remains a challenge. A particular difficulty encountered in practice is in the choice of the dimension matching variables (both their nature and their distribution) and the reversible transformations which allow one to define the one-to-one mappings underpinning the design of these algorithms. Indeed, even seemingly sensible choices can lead to algorithms with very poor performance. The focus of this paper is the development and performance evaluation of a method, annealed importance sampling RJ-MCMC (aisRJ), which addresses this problem by mitigating the sensitivity of RJ-MCMC algorithms to the aforementioned poor design. As we shall see the algorithm can be understood as being an “exact approximation” of an idealized MCMC algorithm that would sample from the model probabilities directly in a model selection set-up. Such an idealized algorithm may have good theoretical convergence properties, but typically cannot be implemented, and our algorithms can approximate the performance of such idealized algorithms to an arbitrary degree while not introducing any bias for any degree of approximation. Our approach combines the dimension matching ideas of RJ-MCMC with annealed importance sampling and its Markov chain Monte Carlo implementation. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm with numerical simulations which indicate that, although the approach may at first appear computationally involved, it is in fact competitive.

  12. Jupiter revisited: first results from the university of chicago charged particle experiment on pioneer 11.

    PubMed

    Simpson, J A; Hamilton, D C; Lentz, G A; McKibben, R B; Perkins, M; Pyle, K R; Tuzzolino, A J; O'gallagher, J J

    1975-05-01

    During the December 1974 Pioneer 11 Jupiter encounter our experiment provided measurements of Jovian energetic protons and electrons both in the magnetic equatorial zone and at previously unexplored high magnetic latitudes. Many of the observations and conclusions from the Pioneer 10 encounter in 1973 were confirmed, with several important exceptions and new findings. We report evidence from Pioneer 11 for protons ( approximately 1 million electron volts) of Jovian origin in interplanetary space. In the outer magnetosphere particle intensities at high magnetic latitudes were comparable to those observed in the equatorial zone, and 10-hour variations in particle intensities and spectra were observed at both high and low magnetic latitudes. Therefore, confinement of particles in the outer magnetosphere to a thin equatorial magnetodisc is adequate neither as a description of the particle distribution nor as a complete explanation of the 10-hour variations. Pioneer 11 data support a model in which the intensity varies with a 10-hour period in phase throughout the sunward side of the magnetosphere and is relatively independent of position within the magnetosphere. Transient, highly anisotropic bursts of protons with energies of approximately 1 million electron volts observed near the orbit of Ganymede suggest local acceleration in some regions of the magnetosphere. In the inner core where particles are stably trapped, a maximum in the high-energy nucleonic flux was again found, corresponding to the Pioneer 10 maximum at approximately 3.4 Jupiter radii (R(J)), which is apparently a persistent feature of, the inner radiation zone. In addition, Pioneer 11 data indicate two more local maxima in the nucleonic flux inside 3.4 R(J), one of which may be associated with absorption by Amalthea, and a maximum intensity at 1.9 R(J) more than 20 times that at 3.4 R(J), The flux of relativistic electrons reached a maximum on the magnetic equator at 1.8 R(J), only slightly less its closest approach at 3.1 R(J). PMID:17734360

  13. Characterizing the Energetic Heavy Ion Environment Inside 4 Jovian Radii

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Cohen, C. M.; Stone, E. C.

    2004-05-01

    On 21 September 2003 Galileo impacted Jupiter to end its 8-year tour of the Jovian magentosphere. During this last phase data was collected in the very inner part of the magnetosphere at distances < 4 Rj. The region from 2 to 4 Rj was previously explored by Galileo during its 34th orbit around Jupiter. We present the combined data from these two passes obtained by the Heavy Ion Counter (HIC) for heavy ions at energies above 2 MeV/nucleon. In particular we discuss the significant ion absorption near the moons Thebe and Amalthea, the anisotropic pitch angle distribution and the dramatic increase in heavy ion intensity with decreasing radius seen in this region

  14. Tuning properties and dynamic range of type 1 vomeronasal receptors

    PubMed Central

    Haga-Yamanaka, Sachiko; Ma, Limei; Yu, C. Ron

    2015-01-01

    The mouse vomeronasal organ (VNO) expresses chemosensory receptors that detect intra-species as well as inter-species cues. The vomeronasal neurons are thought to be highly selective in their responses. The tuning properties of individual receptors remain difficult to characterize due to the lack of a robust heterologous expression system. Here, we take a transgenic approach to ectopically express two type 1 vomeronasal receptors in the mouse VNO and characterize their responses to steroid compounds. We find that V1rj2 and V1rj3 are sensitive to two sulfated estrogens (SEs) and can be activated by a broad variety of sulfated and glucuronidated steroids at high concentrations. Individual neurons exhibit narrow range of concentration-dependent activation. Collectively, a neuronal population expressing the same receptor covers a wide dynamic range in their responses to SEs. These properties recapitulate the response profiles of endogenous neurons to SEs. PMID:26236183

  15. NO2 photolysis frequencies in street canyons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koepke, P.; Garhammer, M.; Hess, M.; Roeth, E.-P.

    2010-05-01

    Photolysis frequencies for NO2 are modeled for the conditions in urban streets, which are taken into account as canyons with variable height and width. The effect of a street canyon is presented with absolute values and as a ratio RJ of the photolysis frequency within the street against those with free horizon, which allows further use of the existing photolysis parameterizations. Values are presented for variable solar elevation and azimuth angles, varying atmospheric conditions and different street properties. The NO2 photolysis frequency in the street, averaged over atmospheric conditions and street orientation, is reduced to less than 20% for narrow streets, to about 40% for typical urban streets, and only to about 80% for garden streets, each with about ±5% uncertainty. A parameterization of RJ with the global solar irradiance is given for values that are averaged over the meteorological conditions and the street orientation.

  16. NO2 photolysis frequencies in street canyons

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koepke, P.; Garhammer, M.; Hess, M.; Roeth, E.-P.

    2010-08-01

    Photolysis frequencies for NO2 are modeled for the conditions in urban streets, which are taken into account as canyons with variable height and width. The effect of a street canyon is presented with absolute values and as a ratio RJ of the photolysis frequency within the street compared to that with free horizon. This allows further use of the existing photolysis parameterizations. Values are presented for variable solar elevation and azimuth angles, varying atmospheric conditions and different street properties. The NO2 photolysis frequency in a street depends strongly on the relative width of the street and its orientation towards the sun. Averaged over atmospheric conditions and street orientation, the NO2 photolysis frequency is reduced in comparison with the values for free horizon: to less than 20% for narrow skyscraper streets, to about 40% for typical urban streets, and only to about 80% for garden streets. A parameterization with the global solar irradiance is given for the averaged RJ values.

  17. An ear-worn continuous ballistocardiogram (BCG) sensor for cardiovascular monitoring.

    PubMed

    He, David Da; Winokur, Eric S; Sodini, Charles G

    2012-01-01

    Traditionally, ballistocardiogram (BCG) has been measured using large and stationary devices. In this work, we demonstrate a portable and continuous BCG monitor that is wearable at the ear. The device has the form factor of a hearing aid and is wirelessly connected to a PC for data recording and analysis. With the ear as an anchoring point, the device uses a MEMS tri-axial accelerometer to measure BCG at the head. Morphological differences exist between head BCG and traditional BCG, but the principal peaks (J waves) and their vectors are preserved. The frequency of J waves corresponds to heart rate, and when used in conjunction with an electrocardiogram's (ECG) R wave, the timing of J waves yields the RJ interval. Results from our clinical study show linear correlation between the RJ interval and the heart's pre-ejection period during hemodynamic maneuvers, thus revealing important information about cardiac contractility and its regulation. PMID:23367058

  18. The Creation of Industry Front Groups: The Tobacco Industry and “Get Government Off Our Back”

    PubMed Central

    Apollonio, Dorie E.; Bero, Lisa A.

    2007-01-01

    We investigated how industries use front groups to combat public health measures by analyzing tobacco industry documents, contemporaneous media reports, journal articles, and press releases regarding “Get Government Off Our Back,” a coalition created by the tobacco industry. RJ Reynolds created Get Government Off Our Back in 1994 to fight federal regulation of tobacco. By keeping its involvement secret, RJ Reynolds was able to draw public and legislative support and to avoid the tobacco industry reputation for misrepresenting evidence. The tobacco industry is not unique in its creation of such groups. Research on organizational background and funding could identify other industry front groups. Those who seek to establish measures to protect public health should be prepared to counter the argument that government should not regulate private behavior. PMID:17267719

  19. A continuous, wearable, and wireless heart monitor using head ballistocardiogram (BCG) and head electrocardiogram (ECG).

    PubMed

    Da He, David; Winokur, Eric S; Sodini, Charles G

    2011-01-01

    Continuous and wearable heart monitoring is essential for early detection and diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. We demonstrate a continuous, wearable, and wireless heart monitor that is worn at the ear. The device has the form factor of a hearing aid and is wirelessly connected to a PC for data recording and analysis. With the ear as an anchoring point, the heart monitor measures the ballistocardiographic (BCG) motion of the head using a MEMS tri-axial accelerometer, which is an electrode-less method to measure heart rate. Additionally, electrocardiogram (ECG) is measured locally near the ear using a single-lead configuration. The peak timing delay between the head ECG and the head BCG, or RJ interval, can be extracted in the presence of noise using cross-correlation. The RJ interval is shown to correlate to the heart's pre-ejection period during both Valsalva and whole-body tilt maneuvers. PMID:22255394

  20. Chemical data as markers of the geographical origins of sugarcane spirits.

    PubMed

    Serafim, F A T; Pereira-Filho, Edenir R; Franco, D W

    2016-04-01

    In an attempt to classify sugarcane spirits according to their geographic region of origin, chemical data for 24 analytes were evaluated in 50 cachaças produced using a similar procedure in selected regions of Brazil: São Paulo - SP (15), Minas Gerais - MG (11), Rio de Janeiro - RJ (11), Paraiba -PB (9), and Ceará - CE (4). Multivariate analysis was applied to the analytical results, and the predictive abilities of different classification methods were evaluated. Principal component analysis identified five groups, and chemical similarities were observed between MG and SP samples and between RJ and PB samples. CE samples presented a distinct chemical profile. Among the samples, partial linear square discriminant analysis (PLS-DA) classified 50.2% of the samples correctly, K-nearest neighbor (KNN) 86%, and soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA) 56.2%. Therefore, in this proof of concept demonstration, the proposed approach based on chemical data satisfactorily predicted the cachaças' geographic origins. PMID:26593483