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Microcystins (cyanobacteria hepatotoxins) bioaccumulation in fish and crustaceans from Sepetiba Bay (Brasil, RJ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blooms of cyanobacteria in water bodies cause serious environmental problems and the occurrence of toxic strains are also related with the human health. Aquatic animals could bioaccumulate microcystins (cyanobacteria hepatotoxins) and so, beyond water, the ingestion of contaminated food represents a human health risk. Recently, WHO recommended a maximum concentration of microcystins (MCYSTs) in drinking water and established the tolerable

V. F. Magalhaes; M. M. Marinho; P. Domingos; A. C. Oliveira; S. M. Costa; L. O. Azevedo; S. M. F. O. Azevedo



Radium mass balance and submarine groundwater discharge in Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radium-226 and 228Ra activities were determined in water samples from within and adjacent to Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil) in 1998, 2005 and 2007. Surface waters in Sepetiba Bay were substantially higher in 226Ra and 228Ra compared to ocean end member samples. Using the residence time of water in the bay we calculated the flux required to maintain the observed enrichment over the ocean end members. We then applied a radium mass balance to estimate the volume of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into the bay. The estimates of SGD into Sepetiba Bay (in 1010 L day-1) were 2.56, 3.75, and 1.0, respectively for 1998, 2005, and 2007. These estimates are equivalent to approximately 1% of the total volume of the bay each day or 50 L m-2 day-1. It is likely that a substantial portion of the SGD in Sepetiba Bay consists of infiltrated seawater. This large flux of SGD has the potential to supply substantial quantities of nutrients, carbon and metals into coastal waters. The SGD found here is greater than what is typically found in SGD studies along the eastern United States and areas with similar geologic characteristics. Considering there are many coastal areas around the world like Sepetiba Bay, this could revise upward the already important contribution of SGD to coastal as well as oceanic budgets.

Smoak, Joseph M.; Sanders, Christian J.; Patchineelam, Sambasiva R.; Moore, Willard S.



Distribution and fluxes as macrodetritus of phosphorus in red mangroves, Sepetiba Bay, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution and dynamics of phosphorus have been studied in the mangroves of Sepetiba Bay, Brazil. Leaf fall contributes 3.0 kg P ha=1yr=1to the sediment. The total above ground biomass of the R. mangle stand was about 65.3 t ha=1, the P accumulation was 3.9 kg P ha=1where 63% of the total P-biomass was accumulated in the leaves. The biomass

C. A. R. Silva; A. A. Mozeto; á. R. C. Ovalle



Combined SEM/AVS and attenuation of concentration models for the assessment of bioavailability and mobility of metals in sediments of Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil).  


This study proposes a new methodology to study contamination, bioavailability and mobility of metals (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb, and Zn) using chemical and geostatistics approaches in marine sediments of Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil). The chemical model of SEM (simultaneously extracted metals)/AVS (acid volatile sulfides) ratio uses a technique of cold acid extraction of metals to evaluate their bioavailability, and the geostatistical model of attenuation of concentrations estimates the mobility of metals. By coupling the two it was observed that Sepetiba Port, the urban area of Sepetiba and the riverine discharges may constitute potential sources of metals to Sepetiba Bay. The metals are concentrated in the NE area of the bay, where they tend to have their lowest mobility, as shown by the attenuation model, and are not bioavailable, as they tend to associate with sulfide and organic matter originated in the mangrove forests of nearby Guaratiba area. PMID:23498658

Ribeiro, Andreza Portella; Figueiredo, Ana Maria Graciano; dos Santos, José Osman; Dantas, Elizabeth; Cotrim, Marycel Elena Barboza; Figueira, Rubens Cesar Lopes; Silva Filho, Emmanoel V; Wasserman, Julio Cesar



Evaluation of heavy metals in fish of the Sepetiba and Ilha Grande Bays, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  


Muscles, gonads, and liver tissues of fish caught in Sepetiba and Ilha Grande Bay were analyzed to assess levels of heavy metal concentrations of Cd, Fe, Zn, Pb, Ni, Cu, and Cr. Levels of Cr surpassed the maximum permissible concentration in muscle, followed by Zn in some species. Pb, Cu, and Cd presented concentrations above maximum permissible levels in gonads and liver only. Fe presented concentrations in viscera comparable to those of highly polluted areas, although there are no standards available for this metal. Ni was the only metal that did not present contamination in the fish tissues examined. Overall, fish caught in Sepetiba Bay showed higher metal concentrations than those from Ilha Grande Bay, but the latter also presented high metal concentrations in several samples. PMID:12123650

de Souza Lima, Roberto Guião; Araújo, Francisco Gerson; Maia, Marilza Farias; da Silveira Braz Pinto, Andréa Seda



Enterocin AS48RJ: a variant of enterocin AS48 chromosomally encoded by Enterococcus faecium RJ16 isolated from food  

Microsoft Academic Search

The bacteriocinogenic strain RJ16 isolated from goat cheese has been identified as Enterococcus faecium by species-specific PCR, DNA–rRNA hybridization and rDNA sequencing. Purified bacteriocin from strain RJ16 is a carboxypeptidase A-resistant peptide with a molecular mass (7125Da) very close to the cyclic peptide enterocin AS-48. Bacteriocin from strain RJ16 and AS-48 show identical antibacterial spectra, although the former is slightly

Hikmate Abriouel; Rosario Lucas; Nabil Ben Omar; Eva Valdivia; Mercedes Maqueda; Magdalena Martínez-Cañamero; Antonio Gálvez



Effect of Rj Genotype and Cultivation Temperature on the Community Structure of Soybean-Nodulating Bradyrhizobia  

PubMed Central

The nodulation tendency and community structure of indigenous bradyrhizobia on Rj genotype soybean cultivars at cultivation temperatures of 33/28°C, 28/23°C, and 23/18°C for 16/8 h (day/night degrees, hours) were investigated using 780 bradyrhizobial DNA samples from an Andosol with 13 soybean cultivars of four Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj2Rj3, Rj4, and Rj2Rj3Rj4). A dendrogram was constructed based on restriction fragment length polymorphism of the PCR products (PCR-RFLP) of the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region. Eleven Bradyrhizobium U.S. Department of Agriculture strains were used as a reference. The dendrogram indicated seven clusters based on similarities among the reference strains. The occupancy rate of the Bj123 cluster decreased with increasing cultivation temperature, whereas the occupancy rates of the Bj110 cluster, Be76 cluster, and Be94 cluster increased with increasing cultivation temperature. In particular, the Rj2Rj3Rj4 genotype soybeans were infected with a number of Bj110 clusters, regardless of the increasing cultivation temperature, compared to other Rj genotype soybean cultivars. The ratio of beta diversity to gamma diversity (H??/H??), which represents differences in the bradyrhizobial communities by pairwise comparison among cultivation temperature sets within the same soybean cultivar, indicated that the bradyrhizobial communities tended to be different among cultivation temperatures. Multidimensional scaling analysis indicated that the infection of the Bj110 cluster and the Bj123 cluster by host soybean genotype and the cultivation temperature affected the bradyrhizobial communities. These results suggested that the Rj genotypes and cultivation temperatures affected the nodulation tendency and community structures of soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia.

Shiro, Sokichi; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki; Yoshida, Naoto; Nishiwaki, Aya; Yamakawa, Takeo



Analysis of the Body Distribution of Absorbed Dose in the Organs of Three Species of Fish from Sepetiba Bay  

SciTech Connect

The body distribution of Polonium-210 in three fishes from the Sepetiba Bay (Macrodon ancylodon, Micropogonias furnieri and Mugil curema) has been studied under the approach of the Department of Energy of the United States of America (DOE) that set the limit of absorbed dose rate in biota equal to 3.5x10{sup 3} {mu}Gy/y, and that also established the relation between dose rate (D) and radionuclide concentration (c) on a fish muscle fresh weight basis, as follows: D = 5.05 ExNxC, assuming that the radionuclide distribution is homogenous among organs. Two hypotheses were tested here, using statistical tools: 1) is the body distribution of absorbed dose homogenous among organs? and 2) is the body distribution of absorbed dose identical among studied fishes? It was concluded, as expected, that the distribution among organs is heterogeneous; but, unexpectedly, that the three fishes display identical body distribution pattern, although they belong to different trophic levels. Hence, concerning absorbed dose calculation, the statement that data distribution is homogenous must be understood merely as an approximation, at least in the case of Polonium-210.

Pereira, Wagner de S [Coordenacao de Protecao Radiologica, Unidade de Tratamento de Minerios, Caixa Postal 961, CEP 37701-970, Pocos de Caldas, MG, BR Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (Brazil); Universidade Federal Fluminense, Programa de Pos-graduacao em Biologia Marinha (Brazil); Kelecom, Alphonse [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencia Ambiental, Instituto de Geociencias, av. Litoranea s/no, Boa Viagem, 24210-340 Niteroi, RJ Caixa Postal 107.092, CEP 24360-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral. Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria LARARA, Caixa Postal 100.436, CEP 24000-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Santos Gouvea, Rita de Cassia dos [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral. Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria LARARA, Caixa Postal 100.436, CEP 24000-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Azevedo Py Junior, Delcy de [Coordenacao de Protecao Radiologica, Unidade de Concentrado de Uranio, Caixa Postal 7, CEP 46.400-000 Caetite, Bahia, Brasil Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (Brazil)



Acid Volatile Sulfides (avs) and the Bioavailability of Trace Metals in the Channel of the SÃO Francisco River, Sepetiba Bay - de Janeiro-Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sepetiba Bay has 430 Km2 of internal and 2,500 Km2 area of the drainage basin (Lacerda et al., 2007), located 60 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro. Sepetiba Bay has 430 Km2 of internal and 2,500 Km2 area of the drainage basin (Lacerda et al., 2007), located 60 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro.The San Francisco channel comes from the Guandu River and empties into Sepetiba Bay and is the main contributor of freshwater to the estuarine system. The Guandu River system/channel of San Francisco receives contribution of domestic and industrial effluents, which go largely to Sepetiba Bay. This work aimed to evaluate the .This work aimed to evaluate the ratio SEM/AVS as a way of predicting bioavailability trace metals from industrial sewage, mainly, in the estuarine system of Sepetiba. This model is based on the property of some Divalent metal cations (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), by presenting a low solubility constant, are removed from the soluble fraction by precipitation, forming secondary metal sulfides. Were held four transects, made up of three points each, the coast line to the center of the Bay. The surface sediment was collected with a van Veen sampler type ,packed in glass jars and kept frozen until analysis.The determination of SEM/AVS followed the methodology described by Allen et al. (1991). The variation between sulfide 159.88 ± 0.05 µmol/g on 12 points. The metals that entered the sum of simultaneous extraction were: Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn ranging from: 6.47 ± 0.11 µmol/g on sum.The means (± standard deviation) ratio SEM/AVS per transect were: 1.04 ± 1.20 (transect 1); 0.48 ± 0.53 (transect 2); 1.26 ± 1.32 (transect 3) and 0.18 ± 0.14 (transect 4). Only transects 1 and 3 had higher results than 1 , meaning that there are more divalent metal sulfides in the environment. This means that only the sulfides would not be capable of complex and may reflect the potential bioavailability of these in the aquatic environment. There is no statistical difference between the transects. According to the studies done previously in the area for concentrations of AVS MADDOCK et at. (2007) found values greater than 290 ?mol g-1, MACHADO et al. (2008) found concentrations between 5.2-121 ?mol g-1 in the Herons Cove and RODRIGUES (2013) found concentrations between 14.26 to 41.46 ?mol g-1 in the Engenho's Sac.The results may reflect the oxic conditions of the environment, which interferes with the reduction of SO4. Additionally, other mechanisms of metal retention in the sediment may be occurring at the site, together with the interfering sulfide. Key words: estuary sediment and simultaneous extraction of metals.

Monte, Christiane; Rodrigues, Ana Paula; Marinho, Matheus; Quaresma, Tássia; Machado, Wilson



75 FR 18253 - R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-NC Railroad, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Board [STB Finance Docket No. 35363] R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC--Acquisition Exemption--NC Railroad, Inc. R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC (RJC Railroad...exemption in STB Finance Docket No. 35364, R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown...




EPA Science Inventory

The high density missile fuels RJ-5 and JP-9 resisted biodegradation when incubated with water/sediment suspensions collected from aquatic habitats. RJ-5 and JP-9 were not toxic to the microbial communities at concentrations of 400 mg per liter, but RJ-5 was toxic to Mysidopsis b...


Geochemical behavior and dissolved species control in acid sand pit lakes, Sepetiba sedimentary basin, Rio de Janeiro, SE - Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This work shows the influence of pluvial waters on dissolved components and mineral equilibrium of four sand pit lakes, located in the Sepetiba sedimentary basin, SE Brazil. The sand mining activities promote sediment oxidation, lowering pH and increasing SO 4 contents. The relatively high acidity of these waters, similar to ore pit lakes environment and associated acid mine drainage, increases weathering rate, especially of silicate minerals, which produces high Al concentrations, the limiting factor for fish aquaculture. During the dry season, basic cations (Ca, Mg, K and Na), SiO 2 and Al show their higher values due to evapoconcentration and pH are buffered. In the beginning of the wet season, the dilution factor by rainwater increases SO 4 and decreases pH values. The aluminum monomeric forms (Al(OH) 2+ and Al(OH) 2+), the most toxic species for aquatic organisms, occur during the dry season, while AlSO 4+ species predominate during the wet season. Gibbsite, allophane, alunite and jurbanite are the reactive mineral phases indicated by PHREEQC modeling. During the dry season, hydroxialuminosilicate allophane is the main phase in equilibrium with the solution, while the sulphate salts alunite and jurbanite predominate in the rainy season due to the increasing of SO 4 values. Gibbsite is also in equilibrium with sand pit lakes waters, pointing out that hydrolysis reaction is a constant process in the system. Comparing to SiO 2, sulphate is the main Al retriever in the pit waters because the most samples (alunite and jurbanite) are in equilibrium with the solution in both seasons. This Al hydrochemical control allied to some precaution, like pH correction and fertilization of these waters, allows the conditions for fishpond culture. Equilibrium of the majority samples with kaolinite (Ca, Mg, Na diagrams) and primary minerals (K diagram) points to moderate weathering rate in sand pit sediments, which cannot be considered for the whole basin due to the anomalous acidification of the studied waters.

Marques, Eduardo D.; Sella, Sílvia M.; Bidone, Edison D.; Silva-Filho, Emmanoel V.



PCR-based karyotyping of Anopheles gambiae inversion 2Rj identifies the BAMAKO chromosomal form  

PubMed Central

Background The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae is polymorphic for chromosomal inversions on the right arm of chromosome 2 that segregate nonrandomly between assortatively mating populations in West Africa. One such inversion, 2Rj, is associated with the BAMAKO chromosomal form endemic to southern Mali and northern Guinea Conakry near the Niger River. Although it exploits a unique ecology and both molecular and chromosomal data suggest reduced gene flow between BAMAKO and other A. gambiae populations, no molecular markers exist to identify this form. Methods To facilitate study of the BAMAKO form, a PCR assay for molecular karyotyping of 2Rj was developed based on sequences at the breakpoint junctions. The assay was extensively validated using more than 700 field specimens whose karyotypes were determined in parallel by cytogenetic and molecular methods. As inversion 2Rj also occurs in SAVANNA populations outside the geographic range of BAMAKO, samples were tested from Senegal, Cameroon and western Guinea Conakry as well as from Mali. Results In southern Mali, where 2Rj polymorphism in SAVANNA populations was very low and most of the 2Rj homozygotes were found in BAMAKO karyotypes, the molecular and cytogenetic methods were almost perfectly congruent. Elsewhere agreement between the methods was much poorer, as the molecular assay frequently misclassified 2Rj heterozygotes as 2R+j standard homozygotes. Conclusion Molecular karyotyping of 2Rj is robust and accurate on 2R+j standard and 2Rj inverted homozygotes. Therefore, the proposed approach overcomes the lack of a rapid tool for identifying the BAMAKO form across developmental stages and sexes, and opens new perspectives for the study of BAMAKO ecology and behaviour. On the other hand, the method should not be applied for molecular karyotyping of j-carriers within the SAVANNA chromosomal form.

Coulibaly, Mamadou B; Pombi, Marco; Caputo, Beniamino; Nwakanma, Davis; Jawara, Musa; Konate, Lassana; Dia, Ibrahima; Fofana, Abdrahamane; Kern, Marcia; Simard, Frederic; Conway, David J; Petrarca, Vincenzo; Torre, Alessandra della; Traore, Sekou; Besansky, Nora J



Segmental duplication implicated in the genesis of inversion 2Rj of Anopheles gambiae.  


The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae maintains high levels of inversion polymorphism that facilitate its exploitation of diverse ecological settings across tropical Africa. Molecular characterization of inversion breakpoints is a first step toward understanding the processes that generate and maintain inversions. Here we focused on inversion 2Rj because of its association with the assortatively mating Bamako chromosomal form of An. gambiae, whose distinctive breeding sites are rock pools beside the Niger River in Mali and Guinea. Sequence and computational analysis of 2Rj revealed the same 14.6 kb insertion between both breakpoints, which occurred near but not within predicted genes. Each insertion consists of 5.3 kb terminal inverted repeat arms separated by a 4 kb spacer. The insertions lack coding capacity, and are comprised of degraded remnants of repetitive sequences including class I and II transposable elements. Because of their large size and patchwork composition, and as no other instances of these insertions were identified in the An. gambiae genome, they do not appear to be transposable elements. The 14.6 kb modules inserted at both 2Rj breakpoint junctions represent low copy repeats (LCRs, also called segmental duplications) that are strongly implicated in the recent (approximately 0.4N(e) generations) origin of 2Rj. The LCRs contribute to further genome instability, as demonstrated by an imprecise excision event at the proximal breakpoint of 2Rj in field isolates. PMID:17786220

Coulibaly, Mamadou B; Lobo, Neil F; Fitzpatrick, Meagan C; Kern, Marcia; Grushko, Olga; Thaner, Daniel V; Traoré, Sékou F; Collins, Frank H; Besansky, Nora J



75 FR 18254 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line-Lease and Operation Exemption-R.J. Corman Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Board [STB Finance Docket No. 35364] R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line--Lease and Operation Exemption--R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line...



77 FR 30588 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc.-Construction and Operation Exemption-In...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35116] R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc.-- Construction...the prior approval requirements of 49 U.S.C. 10901 for R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc....



Segmental Duplication Implicated in the Genesis of Inversion 2Rj of Anopheles gambiae  

Microsoft Academic Search

The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae maintains high levels of inversion polymorphism that facilitate its exploitation of diverse ecological settings across tropical Africa. Molecular characterization of inversion breakpoints is a first step toward understanding the processes that generate and maintain inversions. Here we focused on inversion 2Rj because of its association with the assortatively mating Bamako chromosomal form of An. gambiae,

Mamadou B. Coulibaly; Neil F. Lobo; Meagan C. Fitzpatrick; Marcia Kern; Olga Grushko; Daniel V. Thaner; Sékou F. Traoré; Frank H. Collins; Nora J. Besansky; Rodolfo Aramayo



Origin of the B\\/J, R\\/J, and Y\\/J strains of rabbits  

Microsoft Academic Search

The inbreeding of strains B\\/J, Y\\/J, and R\\/J, formerly designated ACCR(B), ACCR(Y), and ACCR(R), was started by full brother X sister inbreeding by C. Cohen to test the effect of inbreeding on the selective value of the different blood group genes.

R R Fox



Origin of the B/J, R/J, and Y/J strains of rabbits.  


The inbreeding of strains B/J, Y/J, and R/J, formerly designated ACCR(B), ACCR(Y), and ACCR(R), was started by full brother X sister inbreeding by C. Cohen to test the effect of inbreeding on the selective value of the different blood group genes. PMID:731016

Fox, R R




Microsoft Academic Search

SHIGAKI, F.; FREITAS, N.; BERTO A.; CEDDIA, M. B.; ZONTA, E.; LIMA, E. Hydrous stress influence in growth parameters, N accumulation and productive in different varieties of sugar cane in Miracema - RJ. Revista Universidade Rural: Série Ciências da Vida, Seropédica, RJ: EDUR, v.24, n.1, p. 63-71, jan.- jun., 2004. To verify hydric stress influence in growth parameters, N accumulation




76 FR 39155 - R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-NC Railroad, Inc  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Transportation Board [Docket No. FD 35363] R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC--Acquisition Exemption--NC Railroad, Inc R. J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC (RJC Railroad...of exemption in Docket No. FD 35364, R. J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown...




Microsoft Academic Search

They will be presented resulted gotten from the exe cuted digital mapping in the arenaceous pontal and in the dune field located in the beach of Atafona, São João da Barra (RJ), from geodesic surveys with GPS, in the ways relative and kinematic, with use of GTR-A\\/TechGeo dredges. Ahead of the ambient problem installed in this litt oral zone, next



Diet of the lizard Mabuya agilis (Sauria; Scincidae) in an insular habitat (Ilha Grande, RJ, Brazil).  


We examined the stomach contents of 21 specimens of Mabuya agilis (Sauria; Scincidae) collected during February 2001 at the restinga habitat of Praia do Sul, in Ilha Grande, RJ, Brazil. Diet was composed of various types of small arthropods, with no plant material being eaten. Spiders were the most important items in the diet, followed by orthopterans. Apart from the absence of isopterans, the diet of Mabuya agilis from this insular area was similar to those of other conspecific mainland populations. This suggests that factors such as insularity and the absence of other small sympatric lizards may not have a significant effect on the feeding habits of the Praia do Sul population. PMID:15195372

Rocha, C F; Vrcibradic, D; Van Sluys, M



R.J. Reynolds' Targeting of African Americans: 1988-2000  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The purpose of this study was to describe RJ Reynolds (RJR) Tobacco Company’s strategy for targeting African Americans, as revealed in tobacco industry documents and magazine advertisements. Methods. The authors searched industry documents to determine RJR’s strategies and analyzed magazine advertising during 2 periods: the time of the launch of the company’s Uptown cigarette (1989–1990) and a decade later (1999–2000). Results. RJR’s efforts to target the African American market segment existed before and after Uptown, and the company’s strategy was largely implemented via other RJR brands. Advertisements featured mentholated cigarettes, fantasy/escape, expensive objects, and nightlife. Conclusions. To help all populations become tobacco-free, tobacco control practitioners must understand and counter tobacco industry strategies.

Balbach, Edith D.; Gasior, Rebecca J.; Barbeau, Elizabeth M.



The type III Secretion System of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 mediates symbiotic incompatibility with Rj2 soybean plants.  


The rhcJ and ttsI mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 for the type III protein secretion system (T3SS) failed to secrete typical effector proteins and gained the ability to nodulate Rj2 soybean plants (Hardee), which are symbiotically incompatible with wild-type USDA122. This suggests that effectors secreted via the T3SS trigger incompatibility between these two partners. PMID:23204412

Tsukui, Takahiro; Eda, Shima; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Okazaki, Shin; Kakizaki-Chiba, Kaori; Itakura, Manabu; Mitsui, Hisayuki; Yamashita, Akifumi; Terasawa, Kimihiro; Minamisawa, Kiwamu



Results of the radiological survey at 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.



Results of the radiological survey at 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.



Deep MMT Transit Survey of the Open Cluster M37 IV: Limit on the Fraction of Stars with Planets as Small as 0.3RJ  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of a deep (15 lsim r lsim 23), 20 night survey for transiting planets in the intermediate-age open cluster M37 (NGC 2099) using the Megacam wide-field mosaic CCD camera on the 6.5 m MMT. We do not detect any transiting planets among the ~1450 observed cluster members. We do, however, identify a ~1RJ candidate planet transiting a ~0.8 M sun Galactic field star with a period of 0.77 days. The source is faint (V = 19.85 mag) and has an expected velocity semiamplitude of K ~ 220 m s-1(M/MJ ). We conduct Monte Carlo transit injection and recovery simulations to calculate the 95% confidence upper limit on the fraction of cluster members and field stars with planets as a function of planetary radius and orbital period. Assuming a uniform logarithmic distribution in the orbital period, we find that <1.1%, <2.7%, and <8.3% of cluster members have 1.0RJ planets within extremely hot Jupiter (EHJ; 0.4 < P < 1.0 day), very hot Jupiter (VHJ; 1.0 < P < 3.0 day), and hot Jupiter (HJ; 3.0 < P < 5.0 day) period ranges, respectively. For 0.5RJ planets, the limits are less than 3.2% and less than 21% for EHJ and VHJ period ranges, respectively, while for 0.35RJ planets we can only place an upper limit of less than 25% on the EHJ period range. For a sample of 7814 Galactic field stars, consisting primarily of FGKM dwarfs, we place 95% upper limits of <0.3%, <0.8%, and <2.7% on the fraction of stars with a 1.0RJ EHJ, VHJ, and HJ, respectively, assuming that the candidate planet is not genuine. If the candidate is genuine, the frequency of ~1.0RJ planets in the EHJ period range is 0.002% < f EHJ < 0.5% with 95% confidence. We place limits of <1.4%, <8.8%, and <47% for 0.5RJ planets, and a limit of <16% on 0.3RJ planets in the EHJ period range. This is the first transit survey to place limits on the fraction of stars with planets as small as Neptune. Observations reported here were obtained at the MMT Observatory, a joint facility of the Smithsonian Institution and the University of Arizona.

Hartman, J. D.; Gaudi, B. S.; Holman, M. J.; McLeod, B. A.; Stanek, K. Z.; Barranco, J. A.; Pinsonneault, M. H.; Meibom, S.; Kalirai, J. S.



The type specimens of sucking lice (Anoplura) deposited in the entomological collection of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.  


This study presents a list of 34 Anoplura type specimens deposited in the Werneck Collection of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. It includes 18 holotypes, 16 allotypes, 88 paratypes and 10 neotypes, distributed among the genera: Enderleinellus, Fahrenholzia, Haematopinus, Hoplopleura, Linognathus, Microthoracius, Pecaroecus, Polyplax and Pterophthirus. The types are related according to their respective data and literature. PMID:10464405

Cardozo-de-Almeida, M; Linardi, P M; Costa, J



The Cabo Frio (rj) Coastal Upwelling during the Mid-Holocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Upwelling zones and other high sedimentation rate regions are considered key areas for the comprehension of Quaternary climatic changes, but little is known about temporal fluctuations of productivity in the southwestern Atlantic continental margin. The Brazilian Southeast continental shelf, in the vicinity of Cabo Frio, is characterized by a strong cross-shelf sea surface temperature gradient, reflecting the influence of persistent upwelling of relatively cold waters, especially during the austral spring and summer. Cold water plumes through strong air-sea interactions affect sea-breeze circulation, modulating the climate of this area. Wind stress curl (Ekman pumping) generates ocean-surface divergence (convergence), forcing upward (downward) water movements. Cabo Frio's climate is also influenced by the upwelling process. In the present study atmospheric and oceanic variables, and the Ekman pumping were analyzed in the region of the Southwest Atlantic in order to study the influence of atmospheric and oceanic dynamics on the process of coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio (RJ) during the mid-Holocene (MH). For execution of the study 10 years of results from climatic experiments for the period of MH and pre-industrial (PI) were used. These experiments were performed by Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project Phase II (PMIP 2) using the coupled model Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3) from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). It were made seasonal means to the summer (December, January, February), fall (March, April, May), spring (June, July, August) and winter (September, October, November). The variables were analyzed from horizontal fields, vertical and zonal sections in the ocean, vertical time sections and timely analysis of Ekman pumpin, being set at different coordinates for the dynamic and thermodynamic variables due to different positioning in the numerical grid model. For the thermodynamic variables, the sections were fixed in parallel 23.3° S and timely analyzes were made for longitude -41.7° W and parallel 23.3° S. To the dynamic variables, the sections were fixed in parallel 23.5° S and timely analyzes were made for longitude 41.1° W and parallel 23.5° S. The coordinates used for the analysis consisted at the numerical grid point model, the closest point to the region of Cabo Frio. During the spring and summer the upwelling index, the vertical velocity of sea water and the depth of the upper limit of the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) were found to be most favorable to the occurrence of coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio, while during the fall and winter these parameters were found less favorable. These results suggest that during the MH, the coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio presented a seasonal pattern, being more intense on spring and summer and weaker on winter and autumn. There is the possibility of occurrence during the mid-Holocene of the processes of coastal upwelling most intense at Cabo Frio when compared to the PI period, during periods of spring and summer seasons. This fact can be explained by the lower depth of the upper limit of SACW and higher values of the Ekman pumping and the vertical velocity of sea water during this period.

Dragaud, I. C.; de Freitas Assad, L.; Landau, L.



Occurrence and distribution of the exotic lizard Hemidactylus mabouia Moreau de Jonnès, 1818 in Ilha Grande, RJ, Brazil.  


The gekkonid lizard Hemidactylus mabouia is an exotic species in Brazil and is found in different ecosystems. This species was recorded at Ilha Grande, RJ, one of the largest insular remains of the Atlantic Rainforest in Brazil. In this study, the occurrence of H. mabouia was determined throughout the island, including the rain forest, restinga and anthropic environments. We used the active search method in points along 19 trails that surround Ilha Grande. At each regular interval of 100 m, we searched for the presence of H. mabouia. The species was recorded in a total of 100 points among the 719 sampled and, in all cases, the occurrence of the lizard corresponded to points located in anthropic or perianthropic areas. As most of Ilha Grande is covered by dense tropical rain forest, we believe this has restricted the invasion of H. mabouia in natural environments within the island. PMID:21755162

Rocha, C F D; Bergallo, H G



Diet and foraging of the endemic lizard Cnemidophorus littoralis (Squamata, Teiidae) in the restinga de Jurubatiba, Macaé, RJ.  


We investigated the diet and foraging of the endemic teiid lizard Cnemidophorus littoralis in a restinga habitat in Jurubatiba, Macaé - RJ. The stomach contents were removed, analyzed and identified to the Order level. There was no relationship between C. littoralis morphological variables and number, length or volume of preys. Termites (48.7%) and larvae (35.5%) were the most important prey items which occurred in the examined lizards' stomachs. The diet did not differ between males and females. Cnemidophorus littoralis is an active forager and predominantly consumes relatively sedentary prey or prey that is aggregated in the environment. We also found an intact and undigested hatchling of the crepuscular/nocturnal gekkonid lizard Hemidactylus mabouia in the stomach of an adult male of C. littoralis, which indicates that C. littoralis is a potential source of mortality for individuals of H. mabouia in the restinga de Jurubatiba. PMID:17119827

Menezes, V A; Amaral, V C; Sluys, M V; Rocha, C F D



Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.  


The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K



Molecular genetics and transport analysis of the copper-resistance determinant (pco) from Escherichia coli plasmid pRJ1004.  


The copper-resistance determinant (pco) of Escherichia coli plasmid pRJ1004 was cloned and sequenced. Tn1000 transposon mutagenesis identified four complementation groups, mutations in any of which eliminated copper resistance. DNA sequence analysis showed that the four complementation groups contained six open reading frames, designated pco-ABCDRS. The protein product sequences derived from the nucleotide sequence show close homology between this copper-resistance system and the cop system of a plasmid pPT23D of Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato. The PcoR and PcoS protein sequences show homology to the family of two-component sensor/responder phosphokinase regulatory systems. A seventh reading frame (pcoE) was identified from DNA sequence data, and lies downstream of a copper-regulated promoter. Transport assays with 64Cu(II) showed that the resistant cells containing the plasmid had reduced copper accumulation during the log phase of growth, while increased accumulation had previously been observed during stationary phase. Chromosomal mutants defective in cellular copper management were obtained and characterized. In two of these mutants pco resistance was rendered totally inactive, whilst in another two mutants pco complemented the defective genes. These data indicate that plasmid-borne copper resistance in E. coli is linked with chromosomal systems for copper management. PMID:8594334

Brown, N L; Barrett, S R; Camakaris, J; Lee, B T; Rouch, D A



Wood anatomy of Mollinedia glabra (Spreng.) Perkins (Monimiaceae) in two Restinga Vegetation Formations at Rio das Ostras, RJ, Brazil.  


This paper aimed to characterize the anatomical structure of the wood of specimens of Mollinedia glabra (Spreng.) Perkins growing in two contiguous formations of restinga vegetation at Praia Virgem, in the municipality of Rio das Ostras, RJ. Both the Open Palmae (OPS) and the Sandy Strip Closed Shrub (SSCS) formations are found in coastal regions that receive between 1,100 and 1,300 mm of rainfall per year. Sapwood samples were collected in both formations. Typical anatomical features for this species include: solitary vessels, radial multiples or clusters elements, that are circular to angular in outline, 5-15 barred scalariform perforation plates, wood parenchyma scanty, septate fiber-tracheids, and wide multiseriate rays with prismatic crystals. Statistical analyses indicated a significant increase in the frequency of vessel elements and an increase in fiber-tracheid diameters in OPS individuals. These characteristics are considered structural adaptations to increased water needs caused by a greater exposure to sunlight. Continuous pruning may be responsible for the tyloses observed in OPS plants. The greater lengths and higher frequencies of the rays in SSCS trees may be due to the greater diameters of their branches. Our results suggest that M. glabra develops structural adaptations to the restinga micro-environmental variations during its development. PMID:21152766

Novaes, Fernanda da S; Callado, Cátia H; Pereira-Moura, Maria Verônica L; Lima, Helena R P



Characterization of the expressed CIITA allele in the class II MHC transcriptional mutant RJ2.2.5  

SciTech Connect

Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are regulated in a coordinate manner. A set of conserved upstream elements termed the W/Z/S, X1, X2, and Y boxes are found 5{prime} to class II genes, the R gene, and the HLA-DM genes. These conserved elements are required for tissue-specific and IFN{gamma}-mediated regulation of these genes. The DNA-binding proteins RFX, X2BP, and NFY have been found to specifically interact with the X1, X2, and Y box elements, respectively, as well as with each other. A role for an additional factor was recently demonstrated by the cloning of a gene that could complement the MHC class H gene-specific transcriptional deficiency in the mutant cell line RJ2.2.5 as well as cell lines isolated from patients exhibiting the bare lymphocyte syndrome. This gene was termed the class II transactivator or CIITA. While both genetic and biochemical studies have indicated interactions between the DNA-binding proteins described above, direct interactions with CIITA have not been described. 23 refs., 3 figs.

Brown, J.A.; He, X.F.; Westerheide, S.D. [Emory Univ. School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [and others



"And they told two friends...and so on": RJ Reynolds' viral marketing of Eclipse and its potential to mislead the public  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore viral marketing strategies for Eclipse cigarettes used by the RJ Reynolds Company (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA). Methods Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents and multimedia materials. Results The failure of RJ Reynolds’ (RJR) 1988 “smokeless” cigarette, Premier, was in part due to widespread bad word of mouth about the product’s flavour, quality and difficulty of use. In 1994 RJR introduced an updated version of Premier, the ostensibly “reduced risk” Eclipse cigarette. RJR developed viral marketing channels to promote Eclipse using (1) exploratory interviews to motivate consumers to spread the word about Eclipse prior to market release, (2) promotional videos featuring positive feedback from test group participants to portray majority consensus among triers, (3) “Tupperware”-like parties for Eclipse where participants received samples to pass around in their social circles and (4) the Eclipse website’s bulletin board as a forum for potential users to discuss the brand in their own words. These strategies targeted the brand’s likeliest adopters, recruited informal and credible representatives of the product unaffiliated with RJR, and controlled the information spread about the product. Conclusions Viral marketing techniques may be particularly useful to promote new tobacco products such as Eclipse that have limited appeal and need a highly motivated audience of early adopters and acceptors. Such techniques help evade the mass rejection that could follow mass promotion, circumvent marketing restrictions, and allow tobacco companies to benefit from health claims made by consumers. Cigarette manufacturers must be held accountable for perceived health benefits encouraged by all promotional activities including viral marketing.

Anderson, S J; Ling, P M




Microsoft Academic Search

It was evaluated the variables that permitted to quantify some forestry species to adensed planting in degraded are as, where the main treatments were aerial and root cuts. The experiment was realized in loan area of Ilha da Madeira-RJ, where it was removed 1.400.000 m3 of substrate to the construction of Sepetiba Harbour. The species used were: Sabiá (Mimosa caesalpinifolia),

Magna Cunha; Ricardo VALCARCEL


Mulheres, homossexuais e Forças Armadas no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

O trabalho analisa a incorporação de mulheres às Forças Armadas do Brasil. Em caráter preliminar analisa também o debate sobre a possível incorporação de homossexuais. No caso das mulheres observa-se que, apesar de preconceitos e limitações em termos de promoção na carreira, foram assimiladas pelas três Forças brasileiras de forma bastante positiva. Ao contrário, o debate sobre o acesso explícito

Maria Celina D'Araujo


Migração Familiar e Trabalho Infantil no Brasil Urbano  

Microsoft Academic Search

O principal objetivo desse estudo é analisar como os pais alocam o tempo dos filhos de 10 a 14 anos entre estudo e trabalho no Brasil urbano, considerando entre os possíveis determinantes, a condição de migração intersetorial da família. Para tanto, foram utilizados dados do Censo Demográfico 2000 do IBGE. A análise empírica foi dividida em duas partes. Primeiro, utilizou-se

Shirley Pereira Mesquita



Microsoft Academic Search

2 ABSTRACT.- BRASIL-SATO, M. DE C.; SANTOS, M. D. DOS (Helminths of Myleus micans (Lütken, 1875) (Characiformes: Serrasalminae) from the São Francisco river, Brazil.) Helmintos de Myleus micans (Lütken, 1875) (Characiformes: Serrasalminae) do rio São Francisco, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veteriná- ria, v. 12, n. 3, p. 131-134, 2003. Departamento de Biologia Animal, UFRRJ, Km 47, Antiga Rod. Rio-São



Substitution for petroleum products in Brasil: Urgent issues  

SciTech Connect

Brazililan energy policy during the last decade has focused on the replacement of imported petroleum with domestic energy sources, combined with efforts at conservation. The substitution results, however, have been more spectacular by far. The strategy of replacement is based on two elements. first, to increase domestic petroleum exploration and production. Second, to promote non-petroleum fuels as alternatives to the industrial and transportation sectors, for the substitution of fuel oil and gasoline, respectively. A combination of the substitution strategy, the country's petroleum refining structure, and the composition of the substitution strategy, the country's petroleum refining structure, and the composition of demand, has resulted in large surpluses of both gasoline and fuel oil, while diesel has become the most used among petroleum products. The surpluses are not easily exportable because there is ample availability of fuel oil in the world market, and because the low octane number of the gasoline produced in Brasil is not compatible with the engines of cars elsewhere in the region and in the world. Furthermore, although gasoline might be upgraded, the question remains that prospects for the world market are not encouraging, and an export-based strategy does not seem justified in view of the growing surpluses. The objective of this analysis is to review the mechanisms of themajor petroleum-substitution programs currently in existence, identifying their past impact on the energy market and the possible consequences of changes in the goals and operating conditions of these programs, in the light of the new prospects for increased domestic oil production and self-sufficiency. 23 refs., 2 figs., 1 tab.

de Araujo, J.L.; Ghirardi, A.



Análise comparativa do isolamento do ruído aéreo entre diferentes painéis de vedação utilizados no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: O artigo aborda a avaliação do isolamento acústico de painéis de vedação que vem sendo utilizados no Brasil. Os painéis que surgem como alternativa à alvenaria convencional e o seu uso indiscrimado, sem uma avaliação dos requisitos mínimos de desempenho, são o principal objetivo deste trabalho. A análise dos resultados do índice de isolação sonora é feita através do

Danielly Borges


Regulação Econômica e a Expansão dos Serviços de Distribuição de Gás Natural Canalizado no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta dissertação trata da questão da regulação do setor de distribuição de gás natural canalizado no Brasil e as implicações que uma política de expansão dos serviços tem na regulação ótima. A primeira parte faz uma análise institucional do setor de distribuição de gás natural, identificando o papel da regulação no mesmo. A segunda parte é uma breve resenha sobre

Pablo Aurélio Lacerda de Almeida


Nuevas Actividades Exportadoras en Brasil: Ventaja Comparativa, Políticas o Auto-Descubrimiento?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este documento examina los hallazgos de Brasil en la exportación de aviones, teléfonos celulares y carne de cerdo. Todos los casos confirman la importancia que tienen el aumento de la eficacia y los costos irrecuperables en la expansión de las exportaciones y llevan a las siguientes conclusiones: la política económica y la ventaja comparativa desempeñaron un papel importante en la

Armando Castelar Pinneiro; Regis Bonelli



Impacto social da produção integrada de abacaxi no estado do Tocantins – Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Além do objeto da produção em si, a produção integrada tem como princípios o bem-estar social e a preservação ambiental. Neste artigo avaliam-se os impactos sociais da produção integrada de abacaxi no Estado do Tocantins (Brasil) em oito estabelecimentos rurais. A ferramenta empregada na avaliação, denominada Ambitec Social, foi desenvolvida pela Embrapa, sob a liderança da Embrapa Meio Ambiente. O

Clovis Oliveira de Almeida; Aristoteles Pires de Matos; Carlos Estevao Leite Cardoso



Os determinantes da desigualdade de renda no Brasil: Luta de classes ou heterogeneidade educacional?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabalho considera a questão: quais os principais determinantes da desigualdade de renda no Brasil? Após lembrar a importância da questão para a nossa economia, o artigo sugere um arcabouço genérico para categorizar os determinantes da distribuição de renda, baseado em cinco grupos de fatores: caraterísticas natas dos indivíduos; suas características adquiridas; o papel do mercado de trabalho; o papel

Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira



Respostas religiosas ? aids no Brasil: impress?es de pesquisa1  

PubMed Central

Resumo O texto encontra-se estruturado em quatro partes. Na primeira delas, apresentamos um conjunto de considerações e informações acerca da situação da aids no Brasil, das relações entre religião, sexualidade, aids e estado laico, bem como uma descrição mais clara do Projeto Respostas Religiosas ao HIV/Aids no Brasil, do qual este texto apresenta algumas impressões de pesquisa preliminares. A seguir, dedicamos um item a apresentação da Pastoral de DST/Aids, sua história, estrutura e objetivos. No item seguinte problematizamos diversas questões em particular no âmbito das relações Estado e Igreja, relações entre agentes de pastoral e hierarquia da Igreja, e questões ligadas mais diretamente à sexualidade e aids, todas referenciadas ao trabalho da Pastoral de DST/Aids. Ao final, apresentamos a bibliografia e fontes consultadas.

Seffner, Fernando; da Silva, Cristiane Goncalves Meireles; Maksud, Ivia; Garcia, Jonathan; Rios, Luis Felipe; Natividade, Marcelo; Borges, Priscila Rodrigues; Parker, Richard; Terto, Veriano



Avança Brasil: Environmental and Social Consequences of Brazil's Planned Infrastructure in Amazonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

“Avan?a Brasil” (Forward Brazil) is a package of 338 projects throughout Brazil; the portion of the plan to be carried out\\u000a in Brazil's Legal Amazon region totals US$43 billion over 8 years, US$20 billion of which would be for infrastructure causing\\u000a environmental damage. Brazil's environmental impact assessment system is not yet capable of coping with the challenge presented\\u000a by Avan?a

Philip M. Fearnside; André Araújo



“Sou Doméstica:” Construções de Identidade e Saúde das Trabalhadoras Domésticas Salvador, Bahia Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

O mundo do trabalho doméstico é um mundo invisível de discriminação, desvalorização e exploração. No Brasil, existem milhões de trabalhadoras domésticas, na sua maioria mulheres, negras e que vêm de histórias pobres. Essas trabalhadoras domésticas enfrentam uma agressão profunda contra a dignidade, direitos, saúde, e identidade delas.\\u000aNesta pesquisa, perguntamos sobre a relação entre identidade e saúde. Como é que

Jenny Fauci




Microsoft Academic Search

Addressing three aspects of sustainability, environment, society and economy, the proposed renovations of Curitiba Brasil'sPasseio Públicointend to demonstrate the impact that a sustainable designed park can have on visitors and the surrounding area. Passeio Público celebrated 150 years as a park this year ant it was the first Zoo of Curitiba. The park has an area of 70.000 square meters,

Kelly Woodward; Thomas Calderwood; Eloy F. Casagrande Jr; Sarah Vesseld


Doação de órgãos e tecidos no Brasil: podemos evoluir? Organ and tissues donation in Brazil: can we evolve? Donación de órganos y de tejidos en el Brasil: ¿podemos desarrollarnos?  

Microsoft Academic Search

ReSumO: Desde 1997, quando da aprovação da chamada Lei dos transplantes, até os dias de hoje, tivemos várias oportunidades de esclarecimentos à população acerca da doação de órgãos e tecidos no Brasil. Adicionalmente, também tivemos um importante avanço nessa área, possibilitando aos profis- sionais mudanças e melhorias em suas práticas assistenciais. Mas ainda buscamos não somente entender o significado da

Bartira De Aguiar Roza; Ben-Hur Ferraz Neto; Tadeu Thomé; Janine Schirmer


[Questionnaire development in ELSA-Brasil: challenges of a multidimensional instrument].  


This article describes the development of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study for Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) questionnaire. We first address the selection of topics whose contents have to cover the knowledge available on the complex causal network of outcomes and allow comparability with similar studies. Then we deal with the "translation and adaptation of measurement instruments" including neighborhood environment rating scales, depression and anxiety disorder rating scale and a food frequency questionnaire and discuss criteria that guided "theme block sequencing". And finally we focus on the practical importance of "pretesting and pilot studies". The ELSA may provide an original contribution regarding factors that cause or aggravate the outcomes of interest in the Brazilian population, as well as protective factors. PMID:24346718

Chor, Dóra; Alves, Márcia Guimarães de Mello; Giatti, Luana; Cade, Nágela Valadão; Nunes, Maria Angélica; Molina, Maria del Carmen Bisi; Benseñor, Isabela M; Aquino, Estela M L; Passos, Valéria; Santos, Simone M; da Fonseca, Maria de Jesus Mendes; de Oliveira, Letícia Cardoso



Reproductive biology of the characid dourado Salminus franciscanus from the São Francisco River, Brasil.  


The neotropical characid Salminus franciscanus is an economically valuable migratory fish whose populations have been drastically reduced in recent decades due to industrial and economic development in Brasil. To study its reproduction, a total of 283 adult specimens were captured in the Upper São Francisco River, downstream from the Três Marias dam, Minas Gerais, south-eastern Brasil, from August 2009 to July 2010. The gonadal maturity stages were determined from histological features of the gonads and gonadosomatic index (GSI). Gametogenesis was assessed by light and electron microscopy. For analysis of the oocyte's surface and fecundity, mature females were subjected to hormonal induction and oocyte stripping. Fish in resting (Stage 1) were common in all samplings, ripening/ripe and spawning (Stages 2 and 3) were predominant in October-November and December-January and post-spawning (Stage 4) occurred from December-January extending until April-May. The GSI followed the morphological changes of gonadal maturation, with a peak in October-November, when maximum GSI (7.08 in females and 3.46 in males) was achieved. From scanning electron microscopy, stripped oocytes showed a funnel-shaped micropyle and a simple oocyte surface arrangement, which is typical for non-adhesive eggs. Fecundity ranged from 160 to 440×10(3) oocytes per female and 129 to 175×10(3)oocytes/kg. The results of this study indicate that S. franciscanus reproduces in the Upper São Francisco River from October to January, exhibiting a total spawning pattern, non-adhesive eggs and high fecundity, providing support for aquaculture and conservation biology of this important neotropical characid fish. PMID:23618945

Freitas, Leonardo J A; Prado, Paula S; Arantes, Fabio P; Santiago, Kleber B; Sato, Yoshimi; Bazzoli, Nilo; Rizzo, Elizete



Rapid spread of an invasive snail in South America: the giant African snail, Achatina fulica , in Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Beginning around 1800, but primarily since the early and mid-twentieth century, the giant African snail, Achatina (Lissachatina) fulica Bowdich, 1822, has been introduced throughout the tropics and subtropics and has been considered the most important snail\\u000a pest in these regions. In Brasil, specimens probably brought from Indonesia were introduced into the state of Paran? in the\\u000a 1980s for commercial purposes

Silvana C. Thiengo; Fábio André Faraco; Norma C. Salgado; Robert H. Cowie; Monica A. Fernandez



[The "Farmácia Popular do Brasil" Program and aspects of public provision of medicines in Brazil].  


In 2004, the Federal Government introduced the "Farmácia Popular do Brasil" Program, which was an example of policy innovation, establishing a co-payment scheme as a strategy for access to medication. The study analyzed the original model of the Program. Data were obtained from interviews with key stakeholders, program documents and user prescriptions and registers. The results showed widespread expansion of the PFPB network and in the number of people attended. Despite the ever-increasing number of people attended with prescriptions from the private sector, a large demand from public sector users, namely the original focus of the program, was observed. From the standpoint of the federative pact, the program reinstates the centralized model of essential medication distribution which, in the decentralized public system is under state and municipal responsibility. The results point to the difficulty in compliance by states and municipalities with medication distribution responsibilities, mainly in the North and Northeast regions of Brazil. The study concludes that the population has been consistently turning to the PFPB for essential medication it has not been able to access in the public sector. PMID:21709993

Santos-Pinto, Cláudia Du Bocage; Costa, Nilson do Rosário; Osorio-de-Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa



Maternal education, anthropometric markers of malnutrition and cognitive function (ELSA-Brasil)  

PubMed Central

Background The early exposure to poor social and nutritional conditions may influence cognitive function during adult age. However, the relative impact of these factors has not yet been established and they can vary during the course of life. Methods Analysis of data from 12,997 participants (35-64 years) of the baseline exams (2008-2010) of the Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil), a cohort of Brazilian civil servants. Four cognitive tests were applied: learning, recall and word recognition; semantic and phonemic verbal fluency; trail-making test version B. The markers of early nutritional and social conditions were maternal educational level, birth weight, and length of trunk and leg. The presence of independent association between every early marker and the poor performance in each cognitive test was investigated by multiple logistic regression, after mutual adjustment and considering the effects of gender, age and participant’s schooling level. The cut off for poor performance was the worst age-specific percentile of the final score distribution for each test. Results After full adjustments, lower maternal education increased the chances of poor performance in all cognitive tests, with a dose-response gradient; low birth-weight was related to poor performance in the trail-making test B (OR?=?1.63, 95% IC?=?1.29-2.06); and greater trunk length decreased the chances of poor performance in the semantic and phonemic verbal fluency (OR?=?0.96, 95% IC?=?0.94-0.97) and in the trail-making test B (OR?=?0.94, 95% IC?=?0.92-0.95). Leg length was not associated with any of the tests examined. The associations found were not modified by the educational attainment of the participants. Conclusions Early exposure to adverse social and nutritional conditions appear detrimental to semantic memory, learning, concentration, executive control and language among adults, independent of adulthood educational achievement.



EFICIÊNCIA PRODUTIVA DE EMPRESAS DA INDÚSTRIA DE ALIMENTOS NO BRASIL Grupo de Pesquisa: Estrutura, Evolução e Dinâmica dos Sistemas Agroalimentares e Cadeias Agroindustriais  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: A indústria de alimentos no Brasil é um setor de g rande importância para a economia brasileira com poucos estudos publicados quanto ao seu desempenho operacional. Este trabalho avalia a eficiência relativa (técnica e de escala) de uma amostra de empresas de diferentes segmentos desta indústria, utilizando-se para tanto o Método DEA. Os segmentos analisados foram: Conglomerados Alimentícios; Óleos

Apresentação Oral-Estrutura; OSCAR TUPY


Effect of sediment composition on methane concentration and production in the transition zone of a mangrove (Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).  


The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of sediment composition on methane (CH4) dynamics in sediments of different areas in the transition zone between a mangrove and the sea. This research was conducted in a mangrove at Coroa Grande, on the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro. Samples were collected at three stations: (1) region colonised by Rhizophora mangle L. on the edge of the mangrove, (2) region colonised by seagrasses and (3) infra-littoral region without vegetation. Samples were collected from the surface layer of the sediment to determine the concentrations of nutrients (C, N and P) and CH4 concentration and production. We observed that concentrations of CH4 and carbon (C) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in station 1 than station 3. The molar ratios (C:N, C:P and N:P) suggest that the origin of the substrate is mainly autochthonous. Methanogenesis was initially low, possibly due to competition between methanogens and sulfate reducers, and increased significantly (p < 0.05) on the twenty-sixth day in the sediment of station 1, probably due to higher organic matter (OM) availability in this region. Results indicate that methanogenic activity observed herein is not regulated by the amount or quality of OM, but by other factors. The concentration of CH4 in the sea-land ecotone at Mangrove Coroa Grande is a function of available OM suggesting a possible inhibition of methanotrophy by intense oxygen consumption in the soil surface covered by detritus of Rhizophora mangle vegetation. PMID:22990811

Marinho, C C; Campos, E A; Guimarães, J R D; Esteves, F A



Respostas religiosas ? aids no Brasil: impress?es de pesquisa acerca da Pastoral de DST/Aids da Igreja Cat?lica1  

PubMed Central

O texto encontra-se estruturado em quatro partes. Na primeira delas, apresentamos um conjunto de considerações e informações acerca da situação da aids no Brasil, das relações entre religião, sexualidade, aids e estado laico, bem como uma descrição mais clara do Projeto Respostas Religiosas ao HIV/Aids no Brasil, do qual este texto apresenta algumas impressões de pesquisa preliminares. A seguir, dedicamos um item a apresentação da Pastoral de DST/Aids, sua história, estrutura e objetivos. No item seguinte problematizamos diversas questões em particular no âmbito das relações Estado e Igreja, relações entre agentes de pastoral e hierarquia da Igreja, e questões ligadas mais diretamente à sexualidade e aids, todas referenciadas ao trabalho da Pastoral de DST/Aids. Ao final, apresentamos a bibliografia e fontes consultadas.

Seffner, Fernando; Silva, Cristiane Goncalves Meireles da; Maksud, Ivia; Garcia, Jonathan; Rios, Luis Felipe; Natividade, Marcelo; Borges, Priscila Rodrigues; Parker, Richard; Terto, Veriano



Partitioning of inorganic nitrogen assimilation between the roots and shoots of cerrado and forest trees of contrasting plant communities of South East Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Woody plants growing in cerrado and forest communities of south-east Brasil were found to have low levels of nitrate reductase\\u000a activity in their leaves suggesting that nitrate ions are not an important nitrogen source in these communities. Only in the\\u000a leaves of species growing in areas of disturbance, such as gaps and forest margins, were high levels of nitrate reductase

G. R. Stewart; C. A. Joly; N. Smirnoff



Magmatismo e tectonismo cenozoico na regiao de Cabo Frio, RJ. (Magmatism and cenozoic tectonism in the Cabo Frio region, RJ, Brazil).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The western portion of the Campos Basin is limited by a hinge line that bounds the deposition of pre-Aptian sediments in the offshore region. The Cabo Frio arch corresponds to a platform with smaller relative subsidence, where Tertiary sediments are depos...

W. U. Mohriak A. Z. N. Barros A. Fujita



Reliability of the MacArthur scale of subjective social status - Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)  

PubMed Central

Background The MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status intend to measure the subjective social status using a numbered stepladder image. This study investigated the reliability of the MacArthur scale in a subsample of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil). Method Three scales were employed using different references: 1) the overall socioeconomic position; 2) the socioeconomic situation of the participant’s closer community; 3) the workplace as a whole. A total of 245 of the ELSA participants from six states were involved. They were interviewed twice by the same person within an interval of seven to fourteen days. The reliability of the scale was assessed with weighted Kappa statistics and intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), with their respective 95% confidence interval (CI). Results Kappa values were 0.62(0.58 to 0.64) for the society ladder; 0.58(0.56 to 0.61) for the community-related ladder; and 0.67(0.66 to 0.72) for the work-related ladder. The ICC ranged from 0.75 for the work ladder to 0.64 for the community ladder. These values differed slightly according to the participants’ age, sex and education category. Conclusion The three ladders showed good stability in the test-retest, except the community ladder that showed moderate stability. Because the social structure in Brazil is rapidly changing, future qualitative and longitudinal studies are needed to confirm and understand the construct underlying the MacArthur Scale in the country.



[Cesium-157 in milk produced on farms of the Angra dos Reis Region, RJ].  


The first Brazilian Nuclear Power Plant is located in the Angra dos Reis county, about 130 km West of Rio de Janeiro. Among the radionuclides that will be released to the environment by the Nuclear Plant, tritium and radioisotopes of Cs, I, Co and Sr are the ones of greatest potential impact on the local population. During the preliminary phase of the pre-operational environmental radiological program, 137Cs resulting from nuclear explosion fallout was detected in milk samples from only one farm, among the ones included in the monitoring program. This finfing seemed odd, leading to believe on the possibility of a soil anomaly on the region, in which 137Cs would be more available for plant uptake than in normal areas, as it has been observed in some areas in various countries. Trying to explain this issue, the Radioisotopes Laboratory of the Biophysics Institute and the Radioecology Laboratory of FURNAS decided to carry on a series of analyses of 137Cs in milk, pasture and soil collected in the four farms of the program. The results demonstrated the non-existence of a soil anomaly in the region regarding the 137Cs behavior Cesium-137 concentrations in milk varied from 0.06 to 0.93 Bq/l but the differences of the average values in the four farms were not statistically significant. In one farm, occasional high peaks of 137Cs concentrations in milk were observed, which seemed to be related to the cattle management. Apparently during certain periods, the cattle grazes in sectors whose 137Cs concentrations in soil and pasture are higher than in other areas of the same farm or the region, due to the influence of micro-climate and erosion of superficial soil. PMID:4062065

De Castro, M B; Penna-Franca, E; Mendes, W; Ramos, S A; Pereira, D J



Preliminary statistical studies concerning the Campos RJ sugar cane area, using LANDSAT imagery and aerial photographs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The two phase sampling technique was applied to estimate the area cultivated with sugar cane in an approximately 984 sq km pilot region of Campos. Correlation between existing aerial photography and LANDSAT data was used. The two phase sampling technique corresponded to 99.6% of the results obtained by aerial photography, taken as ground truth. This estimate has a standard deviation of 225 ha, which constitutes a coefficient of variation of 0.6%.

Parada, N. D. J. (principal investigator); Costa, S. R. X.; Paiao, L. B. F.; Mendonca, F. J.; Shimabukuro, Y. E.; Duarte, V.



Thermal ecology and activity patterns of the lizard community of the Restinga of Jurubatiba, Macaé, RJ.  


We analyzed the thermal ecology and activity patterns of the lizard community from the Restinga of Jurubatiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The broadest activity was that of Tropidurus torquatus, a sit-and-wait forager, while the active foraging teiid Cnemidophorus littoralis had the shortest activity. The nocturnal gekkonid Hemidactylus mabouia was found active during the day only during early morning and late afternoon, when environmental temperatures are low. Body temperature was highest for Cnemidophorus littoralis and lowest for the two Mabuya species. The patterns found here are discussed and compared to those of congeneric species in other habitats in Brazil. PMID:11514896

Hatano, F H; Vrcibradic, D; Galdino, C A; Cunha-Barros, M; Rocha, C F; Van Sluys, M



64 FR 72522 - Airworthiness Directives; British Aerospace Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Series Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...inspections to detect fatigue cracking along the...stating ``such fatigue cracking, if not...consequence of such fatigue cracking should be...the FAA or Civil Aviation Authority (CAA...restrictive and could force operators to ground...has determined that air safety and the...



Results of the radiological survey at 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ005)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956.MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from thisthorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy(DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJO05), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.



Retrospective analysis of melanocytic lesions in children at the National Cancer Institute-RJ*  

PubMed Central

Skin cancer is the most common neoplasm in Brazil. Melanoma accounts for 4% of these neoplasms. Although childhood melanoma is rare, there is evidence that its incidence is increasing, placing it among the most important public health problems for the future. This work sought to conduct a retrospective review of cases of suspected melanocytic skin lesions in children, their diagnosis and management, and evaluate the sentinel lymph node biopsy method in some cases of cutaneous melanoma.

Bomm, Lislaine; de Carvalho, Ricardo Vianna; Lima, Fernanda Ferreira da Silva; de Oliveira, Lidicie Natalia Braga; Tolstoy, Fernanda; Lobao, Dolival



Eutrophication and hypoxia in four streams discharging in Guanabara Bay, RJ, Brazil, a case study.  


Four streams in the city of São Gonçalo, were sampled to evaluate their potential as sources of nutrients to Guanabara Bay aiming to contribute with the government program to decrease the levels of pollution in this area. Imbuaçu, Guaxindiba, Marimbondo and Brandoas streams were sampled in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The streams revealed to be hipereutrophic with severe limitation of primary production by nitrogen, as shown by the N/P molar ratio. Phosphate levels were abnormally high varying between 4.35 and 130.82 ?M, whereas nitrate and nitrite ranged from 0.06 to 54.05 ?M and from 0.28 to 19.23 ?M, respectively. The streams also presented severe hypoxia and anoxia, with oxygen values varying from non-detected to 3.72 ml l(-1). Heavy loads of particulate suspended material were recorded in the studied streams, ranging between 6.00 and 400.00 mg l(-1). The streams were considered inexorable sources of nutrients, enhancing the severe eutrophication process in Guanabara Bay. PMID:21708390

de Carvalho Aguiar, Valquiria Maria; Neto, José Antônio Baptista; Rangel, Carlos Marclei



ExposiÁªo humana ao metilmercœrio em comunidades ribeirinhas da Regiªo do TapajÛs, ParÆ, Brasil Methylmercury human exposure in riverine villages of Tapajos basin, ParÆ State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 Resumo Avaliou-se a exposição humana ao metilmercúrio e ao mercúrio total em comunidades ribeirinhas do rio Tapajós e da região metropolitana de Belém, no Estado do Pará, Brasil, através da determinação de mercúrio total e metilmercúrio em amostras de cabelo nos anos de 1994 e 1995. Observou-se que as concentrações médias de mercúrio total variaram de 2 ± 1µg\\/g-1

Maria da Conceição; Nascimento Pinheiro; Junko Nakanishi; Manoel Quaresma; Bernardo Cardoso; Walter W. Amoras; Masazume Harada; Carlos Magno; Luis F. Vieira; Marilia Brasil Xavier; Denise R. Bacelar


Negative life events and migraine: a cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline data  

PubMed Central

Background Stress is a typical migraine trigger. However, the impact of negative life events on migraine activity is poorly studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between negative life events and migraine using data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline assessment. Methods ELSA-Brasil is a multicenter cohort study conducted in six Brazilian cities. Baseline assessment included validated questionnaires for headache classification and the occurrence of five pre-specified negative life events (financial hardship, hospitalization other than for childbirth, death of a close relative, robbery and end of a love relationship), focusing on a 12-month period before evaluation. We built crude and adjusted logistic regression models to study the association between the occurrences of negative life events and migraine diagnosis and activity. Results We included 4,409 individuals with migraine and 4,457 participants without headache (reference). After adjustment for age, sex, race, income and educational level, we found that the occurrence of a negative life event (Odds ratio?=?1.31; 95% confidence interval?=?1.19 – 1.45) was associated with migraine. However, after stratifying with subgroup analyses, only financial hardship (Odds ratio?=?1.65; 95% confidence interval?=?1.47 – 1.87) and hospitalization (Odds ratio?=?1.47; 95% confidence interval?=?1.25 – 1.72) were independently associated with migraine. Further adjustment for a current major depression episode and report of religious activity did not significantly change the results. Considering migraine frequency as (a) less than once per month, (b) once per month to once per week, or (c) more than once per week, financial hardship and hospitalization remained significantly associated with migraine in all episode frequency strata, with higher odds ratios for higher frequencies in adjusted models. We also observed a significant association between the death of a close relative and the highest migraine frequency stratum (Odds ratio?=?1.38; 95% confidence interval?=?1.09 – 1.75) in full-adjusted model. Conclusions The occurrence of financial hardship and hospitalization had a direct and independent association with migraine diagnosis and frequency. The death of a close relative was also independently associated with the highest migraine frequency stratum.



Earlier age at menarche is associated with higher diabetes risk and cardiometabolic disease risk factors in Brazilian adults: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)  

PubMed Central

Objectives Early menarche has been linked to higher risk of type 2 diabetes in Western and Asian societies, yet whether age at menarche is associated with diabetes in Latin America, where puberty and diabetes may have different life courses, is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that earlier menarche is associated with higher diabetes risk in Brazilian adults. Methods We used data from 8,075 women aged 35-74 years in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) who had complete information on age at menarche, diabetes status, and covariates. Diabetes was defined based on self-reported physician diagnosis, medication use, and laboratory variables (fasting glucose, 2-hour glucose, and glycated hemoglobin). Poisson regression was used to generate risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results Menarche onset < 11 years [vs. 13-14 years (referent)] was associated with higher risk of diabetes (RR = 1.34; 95% CI: 1.14-1.57) after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, maternal education, maternal and paternal diabetes, and birth weight. This persisted after further control for BMI at age 20 years and relative leg length. Additionally, among those not taking diabetes medications, earlier menarche [<11 years vs. 13-14 years (referent)] was associated with higher % glycated hemoglobin (p < 0.001), alanine aminotransferase (p < 0.001), triglycerides (p < 0.001), C-reactive protein (p = 0.003), waist circumference (p < 0.001), and BMI measured at baseline exam (p < 0.001). Conclusion These findings support the hypothesis that earlier menarche is associated with greater risk for adult diabetes and cardiometabolic disease in the Brazilian context.



Presentation of the Multimédia Game "Geolover" Concept, to Educational Enchancement of the Geolocical Heritage of the Following Regions: "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal (Portugal) and Açores (Portugal)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Geolover" - Presentation of the multimédia game concept, to educational enchancement of the geolocical heritage of the following regions: : "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal and Açores (Portugal). "Geolover" is a multitouch game, played by four players simultaneously, identified by 4 mascots and using as sceneries, the four regions landscapes, aimed to the young people with ages between 8 and 12 years old. The main objective is value the geological heritage of the Ilha do Fogo (Cabo Verde), Seridó in State of Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil) , Sabugal in Beira Alta province (Portugal) and Arquipélago dos Açores (Portuguese autonomous region). These regions have a great geological heritage like volcanology, plutonic rocks, sedimentar formations, metamorphic, paleontologic, mineralogic, geomorphologic, hydric and mining resources. Such heritage is being used in the different regions has base of studies to senior scientists and were used to great scientific researches. The diversified and distinguished cultural heritage of these four regions is referenced and it's a value to the union of the students from these three continents, with the Portuguese language as communication tool. The variety of the geological wealth and cultural of these regions, results in the common objective of their valuing like Geoparks. His creation on these three regions is a strategy with a great relevance to the socio-economic development. With the creation of this game, we promote the union of these 3 countries from these three continents, the universal values of the heritage richness that are offered by our planet.

Cabral, João; Gomes, Ana; Alfama, Vera; Oliveira, Sirlene; Pinharandas, Carlos; Fonseca, Pedro; Campos, José; Nobre, José



75 FR 52818 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky Lines, LLC-Trackage Rights Exemption-CSX...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Lines, LLC--Trackage Rights Exemption--CSX Transp...purpose of the amended trackage rights agreement is to allow RJCC...condition to this exemption, any employees affected by the trackage rights will be protected by the...



75 FR 75205 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Central Kentucky Lines, LLC-Trackage Rights Exemption-CSX...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...reopen and modify the trackage rights portions of those notices to...exemption is filed). The trackage rights will allow RJCC to move certain...condition to this exemption, any employees affected by the trackage rights will be protected by the...



Habitat use by Oryzomys subflavus (Rodentia) in an open shrubland formation in Restinga de Jurubatiba National Park, RJ, Brazil.  


The Restinga de Jurubatiba has at least 10 plant formations, including open Clusia shrubland. This formation is composed of dense shrubs of many shapes and sizes, where Clusia hilariana is one of the most important plant species. Shrublands with Clusia (CC) are poorer in plant species and less dense than shrublands without Clusia (SC). Oryzomys subflavus (Rodentia) is the most abundant small mammal species in the open Clusia shrubland. We tested the hypothesis that the abundance of rodents would increase with the size of the patch and would be higher in SC shrublands. Rodents were captured, marked and released in three 780-m-long transects. At each capture site, we evaluated the shape of the shrubland patch, calculated the area and noted the category of the shrubland. Using ANCOVA, we ascertained whether the abundance of Oryzomys subflavus increased with the sampled area and used CC and SC shrublands differently. We also verified if the size of patches used by rodents varies in the same frequency as the size of available shrublands. Rodent abundance was found to increase significantly with the area. There were no differences in the size of the patches used by rodents and the frequency of the size of available patches. This finding indicates that O. subflavus, in the study area, is a generalist species that uses its habitat according to availability. PMID:16532181

Bergallo, H G; Luz, J L; Raíces, D S; Hatano, F H; Martins-Hatano, F



Ultrarelativistic Electrons in Jupiter's Inner Magnetosphere: First Observation of Angular Distributions in the 2.5 to 6 RJ Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jupiter has been recognized as a probable location of magnetically trapped ultrarelativistic electrons since its discovery as a source of polarized decimeter radio waves. A series of spacecraft (Pioneers 10 and 11, Voyagers 1 and 2, Ulysses, Cassini, and New Horizons) have flown by and orbited Jupiter with the goal of observing the trapped radiation that generates the radio waves. Follow-on studies have attempted to reconcile intensity patterns of Jovian radio emission with direct measurements of ultrarelativistic electrons that radiate via a synchrotron process. These studies have been limited by the absence of observations of measurement of the angular distributions of ultrarelativistic electrons. Since the strongest synchrotron emission from an electron occurs near its mirror point, the distribution of synchrotron emission is expected to follow the distribution of the mirror points. From the description of magnetic trapping, it further follows that observing the angular distribution at low magnetic latitudes allows one to infer the distribution of mirror points along the magnetic field. Observations made with the Energetic Particle Detector aboard the Galileo orbiter during its penultimate Jovian orbit provided excellent angular distribution observations on the magnetic field lines containing the electrons which account for most of the Jovian decimeter radiation. Because ultrarelativistic electrons are especially difficult to observe directly with low-mass flight instruments, inferring angular distributions for such particles required extensive modeling of instrument responses that matched the observations. We report these results here and suggest their implications for past and future studies of astrophysical synchrotron emission.

Taherion, Saeed; Armstrong, Thomas P.; Garrett, Henry B.



[Behavior of caliptrate Diptera in relation to oviposition substrates under laboratory conditions in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil].  


How adult females of calyptrate Diptera recognize the appropriate breeding substrate is a matter of controversy. Among holometabolic insects, the feeding opportunities of immature stages are generally determined by the adult female choice of an oviposition site. The ovipositional and larvipositional substrate preference for the synanthropic flies (Chrysomya megacephala, C. putoria, Phaenicia cuprina: Calliphoridae; Atherigona orientalis, Synthesiomyia nudiseta: Muscidae; Ravinia belforti, Parasacophaga ruficornis, Peckia chrysostoma: Sarcophagidae) is presented in this work. The substrate used for testing were the following: bovine minced meat, fish (sardine), bovine liver, shrimp, squid, human faeces and banana. Bovine minced meat was the ovipositional and larvipositional substrate preferred by seven species. Human faces were preferred by R. belforti. PMID:8734963

d'Almeida, J M; de Mello, R P



76 FR 6575 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2010-0001-E is embodiment of M-D B 146-32-150 (polishing and shot peening of the NLG main fitting) or confirmation...the modification standard. It has been concluded that the polishing and the shot peening of the NLG main fitting embodied...



76 FR 31459 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...2010-0001-E is embodiment of M-D SB 146-32-150 (polishing and shot peening of the NLG main fitting) or confirmation...the modification standard. It has been concluded that the polishing and the shot peening of the NLG main fitting embodied...



Establishment of a Metallogenetic Prospecting Model of a Pilot Area in the Resende Basin - RJ, Brazil, within It's Geomorphic Aspects.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Resende Basin lies between the Mantiqueira Mountain range which rises up to 2800m in the alcaline massif of Itatiaia - Passa Quatro in the North, and the Serra do Mar Mountain range in the South. The basin is the most casterly of a series of elongate ...

E. D. Bidone P. Perrin J. A. Rocha



75 FR 49377 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores, that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores,...



75 FR 12158 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013 that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores, that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores,...



Fuel data standardization study for JP-4, JP-5, JP-7, and RJ-5 combusted in air. Final report  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report summarizes a study conducted to standardize the fuel performance data used in the Ramjet and Laser Aerodynamics Division of the Air Force Aero Propulsion Laboratory. The NASA one-dimensional equilibrium (ODE) thermochemical computer program was used to generate the fuel combustion product properties contained in the tables and graphs in this report. Thermochemical equilibrium data (molecular weight, specific heat



75 FR 1560 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...related to the subject addressed by this AD), corrosion was found on the wing fixed leading edge structure...fatigue inspections would not have detected the corrosion or fatigue damage. Corrosion or fatigue damage in this area, if not...



75 FR 27959 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling pulleys...Interference between the cable and the insulation bag causes the material to be drawn...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling...



75 FR 53855 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling pulleys...Interference between the cable and the insulation bag causes the material to be drawn...Three events have been reported where insulation material was found to be fouling...



76 FR 36398 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...



76 FR 59011 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...



A historical review of R.J. Reynolds' strategies for marketing tobacco to Hispanics in the United States.  


Hispanics are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the United States, and smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among this population. We analyzed tobacco industry documents on R. J. Reynolds' marketing strategies toward the Hispanic population using tobacco industry document archives from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library ( between February-July 2011 and April-August 2012. Our analysis revealed that by 1980 the company had developed a sophisticated surveillance system to track the market behavior of Hispanic smokers and understand their psychographics, cultural values, and attitudes. This information was translated into targeted marketing campaigns for the Winston and Camel brands. Marketing targeted toward Hispanics appealed to values and sponsored activities that could be perceived as legitimating. Greater understanding of tobacco industry marketing strategies has substantial relevance for addressing tobacco-related health disparities. PMID:23488493

Iglesias-Rios, Lisbeth; Parascandola, Mark



75 FR 27419 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...for continued airworthiness, including the Maintenance Planning Document (MPD) and the Corrosion Prevention and Control Programme (CPCP), such an inspection is referred to as a ``Special Detailed Inspection'' (SDI). Note 2: At the...



75 FR 4480 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...532003-DVI-10000-3) and Corrosion Prevention and Control Programme Task C53-230-02-01. For the reason described above...DVI-10000-3) and Corrosion Prevention and Control Programme Task C53-230-02-01. For the reason described...



[Struthiolipeurus rheae Harrison, 1916 (Phthiraptera: Philopteridae) infesting ostriches (Struthio camelus) in one farming in the Municipality of Três Rios, RJ].  


In Brazil ostriches farming began at the end of 20th Century, to supply the international market of meat, feathers and leather. Feathers are economically important to industry and artisanal sectors. Lice can cause intense pruritus that depending on the intensity of infestation can lead to depreciation of feathers. In Rio de Janeiro there are unknown species of lice infesting ostriches. Thus the objective of this study was to identify the lice that happen in birds from commercial farms in the Municipality of Três Rios. From 2003 to 2006 ostriches were monthly examined for the presence of ectoparasites. When infestations were detected some feathers were removed, placed into plastic bags and sent to the laboratory for further analysis. After removed from feathers, ectoparasites were examined using a stereoscope, followed by clarification in 10% potassium hydroxide and dehydrated in ethanol. Permanent slides were mounted in natural Canada balsam for observation in optical microscope. Based on observed characteristics, it was possible to determine that collected specimens belong to the species Struthiolipeurus rheae. PMID:20040199

Fagundes, Tais F; Soleiro, Carla A; de Cássia A A de Menezes, Rita



Degree of threat to the biological diversity in the Ilha Grande State Park (RJ) and guidelines for conservation.  


The State Park of Ilha Grande is only a part (5,594 hectares) of the entire island (19,300 hectares) which is located off the south coast of Rio de Janeiro state, between the cities of Mangaratiba and Angra dos Reis. Approximately half of the Park area (47%) is covered by dense Atlantic forest. The secondary forest growth is in a process of ecological succession close to attaining maturity (43%) and the remaining part (10%) is composed of human-altered areas (1%), rocky outcrops with herbaceous vegetation (7%), mangroves and beaches (2%). The fauna is well represented but already shows signs of degradation with introduced species. The analysis of the degree of threat has shown that the dense forest habitat has a relatively stable status of conservation while the secondary forest, the mangrove and the herbaceous vegetation on rocky outcrops (and their fauna) are categorized as vulnerable. The area altered by human occupation is considered threatened. Since the coastal area where Ilha Grande is located is well known for its beautiful scenery (known as the green coast, because of the contrast between the ocean and the Atlantic forest covering the Serra do Mar mountain chain). There is a strong possibility for tourism to become the means in which to achieve economic sustainability for conservation. Contradictorily, tourism is also the major threat to local biodiversity and its landscape units. Because tourism is not organized and controlled, during high season the numbers grow above local capacity, giving rise to a proliferation of hotels, guesthouses and camping grounds. The resulting untreated open sewage, random garbage disposal and other harmful activities form the major threats to biodiversity. PMID:12530174

Alho, C J R; Schneider, M; Vasconcellos, L A



Retail promotions and perceptions of R.J. Reynolds' novel dissolvable tobacco in a US test market  

PubMed Central

Background With declining cigarette sales, tobacco manufacturers have been developing and marketing new smokeless products, such as R. J. Reynolds' dissolvable tobacco, Camel Sticks, Strips and Orbs. This study assessed the availability, price and point-of-purchase promotional strategies for Camel Dissolvables, and investigated consumer awareness, interest and perception of these products in the Indiana test market. Methods An exploratory retail audit of point-of-purchase promotions was conducted in a random sample of retailers from 6 store categories (n = 81) in the test market area. Data included: store type, location, product placement, forms/flavors carried, price, types and locations of advertisements and promotions, and ad messages. An Awareness-Attitude-Usage (AAU) survey was used to gauge consumer awareness and knowledge of tobacco products including Camel Dissolvables. Respondents were shown promotional materials from a package onsert and perceptions and interest in the Camel Dissolvables were assessed. An Intended Target Survey (ITS) compared subjects' perceptions of ad targets for several non-tobacco products, as well as Camel Snus, Camel No. 9 and Camel Dissolvables. Respondents were asked to identify each ad's intended target category, perceived targetedness, and purchase intent. Results The products were carried by 46% of stores, most frequently gas stations (100%) and convenience stores (75%). They were shelved near smokeless tobacco (70%), cigarettes (25%) or candy (5%). Prices ranged from $3.59 -$4.19 per package; most stores carried at least 1 promotional item. Ad messages included: "Dissolvable Tobacco" (60%). "Free Trial" (24%), "Special Price" (24%), "What's Your Style?" (22%). At 14% of stores, free trial packs of Camel Dissolvables were offered with another Camel purchase. Awareness was reported by 42% of respondents (n = 243), and trial by 3%. Consumer interest was very low, but younger respondents (< 40 years) were more familiar with Camel Dissolvables (60% vs. 45% for those > 40 years, p < .01). Males, as well as current and former smokers had higher rates of interest and trial; only 1% of never smokers reported trial. In the ITS, only for the 3 tobacco product ads, was perceived targetedness for smokers significantly higher than for non-smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers perceived that the ads targeted smokers. Conclusions Current retail promotional strategies for Camel Sticks, Strips & Orbs appear to be targeting a select audience, primarily current smokers. Overall, consumer awareness, interest and trial were low.



How brasil grows motor fuel  

SciTech Connect

The general background in technical, economic, and political terms is discussed, along with the experience of using alcohol in automobiles. Since 1973 a concerted effort has been made to utilize various crops for the production of alcohol. The disposal of stillage is considered. 10 refs.

Yang, V.; Trindade, S.C.; Branco, J.R.C.



77 FR 1667 - Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909, Rio De Janeiro, R.J., Brazil 20531-070, Respondent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Bureau of Industry and Security Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909, Rio De Janeiro...Respondent; Order Relating to Nelson S. Galgoul The Bureau of Industry and Security...BIS''), has notified Nelson S. Galgoul (``Galgoul'') of its intention...



Prevalence and factors associated with frailty in an older population from the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: the FIBRA-RJ Study  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVE: Frailty syndrome can be defined as a state of vulnerability to stressors resulting from a decrease in functional reserve across multiple systems and compromising an individual's capacity to maintain homeostasis. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of frailty and its association with social and demographic factors, functional capacity, cognitive status and self-reported comorbidities in a sample of community-dwelling older individuals who are clients of a healthcare plan. METHODS: We evaluated 847 individuals aged 65 years or older who lived in the northern area of the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The subjects were selected by inverse random sampling and stratified by gender and age. To diagnose frailty, we used the scale proposed by the Cardiovascular Health Study, which consisted of the following items: low gait speed, grip strength reduction, feeling of exhaustion, low physical activity and weight loss. The data were collected between 2009 and 2010, and the frailty prevalence was calculated as the proportion of individuals who scored positive for three or more of the five items listed above. To verify the association between frailty and risk factors, we applied a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The prevalence of frailty syndrome was 9.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.3-11.3); 43.6% (95% CI, 40.3-47) of the individuals were considered robust, and 47.3% (95% CI 43.8-50.8) were considered pre-frail (p<0.001). The frail individuals tended to be older (odds ratio [OR] 13.2, 95% CI, 8.7-20) and have lower education levels (OR 2.1, 95% CI, 1-4.6), lower cognitive performance (OR 0.76, 95% CI, 0.73-0.79) and reduced health perception (OR 65.8, 95% CI, 39.1-110.8). Frail individuals also had a greater number of comorbidities (OR 6.6, 95% CI, 4.4-9.9) and worse functional capacity (OR 3.8, 95% CI, 2.9-5). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of frailty was similar to that seen in other international studies and was significantly associated with educational level, cognition, comorbidities, functional capacity, perception of health and old age.

Moreira, Virgilio Garcia; Lourenco, Roberto Alves




Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO ñ O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar a produtividade de fitomassa da parte aØrea e o acœmulo de N, P e K nas leguminosas arbÛreas em sistemas agroflorestais de alØias, bem como verificar o efeito da adiÁªo de fÛsforo sobre as leguminosas. Foram realizados experimentos de campo com a utilizaÁªo de leguminosas, com e sem adiÁªo de P, por

Luciano Rodrigues Queiroz; Cunha Coelho; Deborah Guerra Barroso; Aparecida Vieira



Brazil = Brasil. America = Las Americas [Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades, this bilingual English/Spanish social studies resource booklet provides an encyclopedia-style overview of Brazil's history, geography, economy, and culture. Topics include Brazil's form of government; geographic regions; holidays; climate; people; music; carnaval celebration;…

Toro, Leonor; And Others


Future of alcohol fuels programs in Brasil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An updating is given of the Brazilian National Alcohol Program's production and utilization achievements to date in the substitution of ethanol and methanol for imported oil products. A series of Eucalyptus forestry and processing-industry projections are made for fuel output and jobs creation that may be expected by the year 2000. With few exceptions, methanol produced from wood grown on poorer soils than can now be used for sugarcane substitute for oil products and result in jobs creation several orders of magnitude higher than petroleum fuels.

Carvalho, A. V., Jr.; Rechtschaffen, E.; Goldstein, L., Jr.


Royal jelly prevents the progression of sarcopenia in aged mice in vivo and in vitro.  


Sarcopenia is characterized by the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength. One of the mechanisms of sarcopenia is the loss in the function and number of muscle satellite cells. Royal jelly (RJ) is a health food used worldwide. To obtain better digestion and absorption than RJ, protease-treated RJ (pRJ) has been developed. RJ and pRJ have been suggested to have potential pharmacological benefits such as prolonging the life span and reducing fatigue. Because these effects may improve sarcopenia and the functions of satellite cells, we examined the effects of RJ or pRJ treatment on the skeletal muscles in an animal model using aged mice. In vivo, RJ/pRJ treatment attenuated the decrease in the muscle weight and grip strength and increased the regenerating capacity of injured muscles and the serum insulin-like growth factor-1 levels compared with controls. In vitro, using isolated satellite cells from aged mice, pRJ treatment increased the cell proliferation rate, promoted cell differentiation, and activated Akt intracellular signaling pathway compared with controls. These findings suggest that RJ/pRJ treatment had a beneficial effect on age-related sarcopenia. PMID:23657970

Niu, Kaijun; Guo, Hui; Guo, Yinting; Ebihara, Satoru; Asada, Masanori; Ohrui, Takashi; Furukawa, Katsutoshi; Ichinose, Masakazu; Yanai, Kazuhiko; Kudo, Yukitsuka; Arai, Hiroyuki; Okazaki, Tatsuma; Nagatomi, Ryoichi



Ethnobotany of Atlantic Forest coastal communities: Diversity of plant uses in Gamboa (Itacuruçá island, Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local plants are a very important resource for the community of Gamboa, located at Itacuruçá Island, Sepetiba Bay, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Ninety species of plants, belonging to 40 families, are used for a variety of purposes, such as food, construction, handicraft, and medicine. In a survey medicinal uses for plants were the most quoted by the community.

Gisela M. Figueiredo; Hermógenes F. Leitão-Filho; Alpina Begossi



Simple pulmonary eosinophilia  


... JF. Eosinophilic lung diseases. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al., eds. Murray and Nadel's ... TB. Parasitic lung infections. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, Martin TR, et al., eds. Murray and Nadel's ...


Reproductive responses in ewes treated with eCG or increasing doses of royal jelly.  


This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of administering increasing doses of royal jelly (RJ) on reproductive parameters in ewes. Additionally, this study compared using RJ vs. equine chorionic gonadotropin (eCG) in estrous cycle control. In May (transitional period between anestrous and the breeding season) 37 multiparous, winter-lambing Awassi ewes 3-6 years of age (average body weight of 53+/-1.2 kg) were fitted with intravaginal flourogestone acetate-impregnated sponges (FGA, 40 mg) for 12 days. Ewes were randomly assigned into five treatment groups to receive no RJ (CON, n=7), 250 mg RJ/d (RJ250, n=8), 500 mg RJ/d (RJ500, n=8), 750 mg RJ/d (RJ750, n=7), or 600IU eCG (eCG, n=7). Royal jelly was administrated orally on daily basis when sponges were in place while eCG was administered on the day of sponge withdrawal (d 0). Behavioral estrus was checked using fertile Awassi rams at 6h intervals for 5 days beginning on d 1. Interval from d 0 to onset of estrus was shorter (P<0.05) in eCG than in CON and RJ250 groups. No differences in the onset of estrus were detected among the RJ-treated groups. The intervals from d 0 to first progesterone rise were shorter (P<0.05) in the eCG-treated compared with RJ-treated and control ewes (100+/-15.3, 138.4+/-14, 135.7+/-15, 155.6+/-15, 154.4+/-15.1h in eCG, CON, RJ250, RJ500, and RJ750, groups, respectively). The overall pregnancy rate from mating at induced estrus was 75.7% (28/37). Of these ewes, 23/37 (64.8%) lambed within 155 days following d 0. Lambing rate was higher (P<0.05) in the RJ500 group compared with controls. Lambing rate from mating at induced estrus was 2/7 (28.5%), 4/8 (50%), 8/8 (100%), 4/7 (57%), and 5/7 (71%) in CON, RJ250, RJ500, RJ750, and eCG groups, respectively. Results of the present study demonstrate that eCG but not RJ was effective in improving estrus expression in ewes during the transition between the non-breeding and breeding seasons. Royal jelly may be effective in improving pregnancy and lambing rates but further studies are required to confirm such findings. PMID:16023311

Kridli, R T; Al-Khetib, S S



Contribution of lipids in honeybee (Apis mellifera) royal jelly to health.  


Honeybee (Apis mellifera) royal jelly (RJ) has a long history in human medicine because of its health-protecting properties. To develop a fundamental and comprehensive understanding of lipids in RJ, this article reviews the available literature on lipid compounds identified from RJ extracts and in vitro pharmacological effects of 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid in RJ and other closely related compounds, some of which are also identified as lipid compounds in RJ. Overall, the lipids in RJ are composed of mostly (aliphatic) fatty acids, almost all of which are present as free fatty acids and scarcely any as esters. Most fatty acids in RJ are medium-chain fatty acids, whether hydroxylated in terminal and/or internal positions, terminated with mono- or dicarboxylic acid groups, and saturated or monounsaturated at the 2-position. Besides these fatty acids, lipids in RJ contain sterols in minor amounts. Lipids in RJ are useful as preventive and supportive medicines with functionalities that include potential inhibitors of cancer growth, immune system modulators, alternative therapies for menopause, skin-aging protectors, neurogenesis inducers, and more. Taken together, the evidence suggests that health-protecting properties of RJ can be, in part, ascribed to actions of lipids in RJ. PMID:23351082

Li, Xing'an; Huang, Chaoqun; Xue, Yunbo



A.W.D., Larkum, R.J. Orth, C.M. Duarte (eds.), 2006, Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation, Springer, ISBN: 978-1-4020-2942-4 (hardback), US$ 99.00, 691 pages.  

SciTech Connect

The relish of scientists for, and funding of research on, seagrasses probably stems from two sources: seagrasses are a defined taxonomic unit often growing in monotypic stands, making academic study tractable; and, seagrasses are increasingly recognized globally as important components of shallow water systems, and potential key indicators of ecosystem health. The 26 chapters covering ~700 pages provide a long overdue treatment of the state of the science on seagrasses. This book is an honest, thorough and heroic attempt to compile a mass of knowledge by a herd of 80 researcher “cats” representing 15 countries. The chapters “…provide the necessary background on what brought each topic where it is today and indicate where future research needs to go to advance the field to the next level.” Seagrass science is in its infancy, but, as demonstrated, is advancing rapidly. Volumes with recent topical treatments of seagrasses include World Atlas of Seagrasses (Green and Short 2003), Seagrass Ecology (Hemminga and Duarte 2000), and Global Seagrass Research Methods (Short and Coles 2001) are useful compliments to this book.

Thom, Ronald M.



Comment on “Effect of the vapor phase on the salinity of halite-bearing aqueous fluid inclusions estimated from the halite dissolution temperature”, by M. Steele-MacInnis and R.J. Bodnar  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently Steele-MacInnis and Bodnar reported an experimental study on the estimation of the salinity of halite bearing fluid inclusions from dissolution temperatures of halite crystals, in the presence and absence of a vapour phase Steele-MacInnis and Bodnar (2013). The authors present new purely empirical equations to calculate fluid inclusion bulk salinity, which is mainly determined by dissolution temperature of halite (SLV?LV) with a minor correction due to presence of a vapour phase at higher temperatures, similar to the study of Bakker (2012). The experimental approach in their work is inappropriate, it does not provide experimental data, and it does not illustrate an estimate of uncertainty, accuracy and precision of the results. The mathematical modelling with purely empirical best-fit equations is insufficient, and partly erroneous. Comparison with the model from Bakker (2012) results in highly incorrect, inconsistent and imprecise statements about the quality of the results from Bakker (2012). Furthermore, the authors use “supplementary data” to continue a discussion without peer-review.

Bakker, Ronald J.



Educação formal, mulher e gênero no Brasil contemporâneo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Resumo: Resumo: Resumo: Resumo: O objetivo do artigo é evidenciar o descompasso entre a situação de homens e mulheres no sistema educacional brasileiro e as metas nacionais e internacionais de igualdade de oportunidades de gênero na educação. Para tanto analisa e interpreta estatísticas educacionais, resoluções das conferências internacionais da década de 1990 e documentos de instâncias multilaterais, governamentais e




Resultados do desenvolvimento de um propulsor à plasma no Brasil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Uma das partes mais importantes de um satélite é o controle de atitude do mesmo. E se tratando de um satélite científico, a atenção para este sistema deve ser redobrada. Uma possibilidade atraente para executar esta tarefa é a propulsão elétrica. Aqui, mostraremos resultados obtidos pelo propulsor à plasma PHALL-01, desenvolvido na Universidade de Brasília entre 2000 e 2003. Este é derivado do propulsor russo SPT-100 (Stationary Plasma Thruster), mas com o emprego inovador de um arranjo de imãs permanentes como fonte do campo magnético, este último o agente da aceleração do plasma. Esta alteração foi motivada pelo objetivo de que o mesmo operasse com o mínimo de potência elétrica. A partir da formulação teórica do mecanismo de aceleração, tendo como base as equações da magnetohidrodinâmica, pode-se obter vínculos sob os quais o propulsor pudesse ser construído. O mais forte destes é o que dita a topologia do campo magnético. Sendo assim, foram realizadas simulações computacionais, que definiram a geometria do propulsor. Após construído, este foi diagnosticado usando-se sondas de Langmuir e analisadores de energia. Como resultados, obtivemos a distribuição espacial da temperatura, densidade e potencial do plasma, bem como a distribuição angular do feixe produzido pelo mesmo em vários regimes de operação. O espectro de energia do feixe de plasma também foi medido, indicando íons de até 560eV. Combinando estes resultados, calculou-se o empuxo do propulsor: 84mN; e o impulso específico: 1083s. Estes demonstram que o mesmo estará qualificado, num futuro próximo, para o emprego no controle de atitude de satélites científicos, ou até mesmo como parte do conjunto propulsor primário, responsáveis pela transferência de órbitas.

Ferreira, I. S.; Ferreira, J. L.



Regionalização da agricultura do Estado do Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work presents a characterization of the agriculture of Paraná State based on thirty-five variables extracted from Agricultural Census of 1995\\/96 and two variables from the Map of Soil Aptitude. These are related to land access, land use, utilization of chemical and mechanical technologies, use of capital assets, labor relationships and tercerization, soil fertility and mechanization suitability. The Factor analysis

Rafael Fuentes Llanillo; Mauro Eduardo Del Grossi; Flávio Oliveira dos Santos; Paula Daniela Munhos; Maria de Fátima Guimarães




Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY The objective of this article is to undertake a deep analysis of the pedagogical aspects related to the teacher's dialogical ability under teaching conditions. The work begins with a study of the outline, content and meaning of activities that are considered to be able to stimulate an effective dialogue with students, according to opinions expressed by teachers. The contextualized



Tarifas deImportação e Evasão Fiscal no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A evasão de impostos, sobretudo por meio de subfaturamento das importações, sempre foi motivo de preocupação da administração aduaneira. Além da redução de receita tributária, a sonegação impõe perdas de competitividade aos importadores que assumem todos os encargos tributários, e reduz o grau de proteção à produção doméstica. O objetivo deste trabalho é verificar empiricamente a relação entre os níveis

Honorio Kume; Guida Piani; Pedro Miranda



Situation Reports--Bahamas, Brasil, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in four foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahamas, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where appropriate and if it is available. General…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).


Curriculum Studies in Brasil: A Study of the Teaching Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes how undergraduate university teachers are thinking in the classroom about the theoretical and practical contents related to the subject called "Curriculum Studies." The study focuses on the aspects of the theory-practice relationship, the idea of curriculum, and the theoretical references used by the undergraduate teachers. The…

Marcondes, Maria Ines; Tura, Maria de Lourdes Rangel; de Macedo, Elizabeth Fernandes


The Scientific program with RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)  

SciTech Connect

The Radioactive Ion Beams Facility (RIBRAS) is in operation since 2004 at the Pelletron Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Sao Paulo and consists of two superconducting solenoids capable of producing low energy secondary beams of light exotic nuclei. Measurements of the elastic scattering, breakup and transfer reactions with radioactive projectiles such as {sup 6}He,{sup 8}Li,{sup 7}Be on several targets have been performed. A review of the research program carried on along the last four years using the RIBRAS facility is presented.

Lichtenthaeler, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Mendes, D. R. Jr.; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Hussein, M. S.; Barioni, A.; Condori, R. Pampa; Morais, M. C.; Alcantara Nunez, J.; Camargo, O. Jr.; Otani, Y.; Leistenschneider, E.; Scarduelli, V. [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Benjamim, E. A. [Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Depto. Fisica Particulas, Facultad Fisica, Campus Sur s/n 15786 Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (Spain); Moro, A. M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo 1065, E-41080, Sevilla (Spain); Arazi, A. [Laboratorio Tandar, Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. del Libertador 8250, (1429), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Assuncao, M. [UNIFESP-Campus de Diadema, SP (Brazil)] (and others)




Microsoft Academic Search

THE BRASILIANO OROGENY AT THE CENTRAL SEGMENT OF RIBEIRA BELT, BRAZIL The structure of the central segment of the Ribeira belt is defined by three large thrust sheets (Lower, Intermediate and Upper) which override the autochthonous domain, towards the southern portion of the São Francisco Craton. Four lithotectonic associations are individualized within the domains: basement rocks (pré-1,8 Ga rocks); orthogneisses



Acesso ao casamento no Brasil: uma questão de cidadania sexual  

Microsoft Academic Search

R R R R Resumo esumo esumo esumo esumo: A instituição do casamento deve estar acessível a todos os cidadãos, independen- temente de sua orientação sexual, sob pena de discriminação vedada na Constituição Federal. Contribui para essa conclusão a jurisprudência que, utilizando-se da analogia, tem reconhecido uniões estáveis entre pessoas do mesmo sexo sem que para isso seja obstáculo o

Roberto Arriada Lorea



Esfingídeos (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae) do município de Beruri, Amazonas, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hawkmoths were collected at District of Beruri, low river Purus, State of Amazonas in three periods September-October\\/2002, July\\/ 2003 and November-December\\/2003. A 250W mixed mercury vapor lamp was used to atract insects on a white sheet in the nights collecting periods of 12 consecutive hours. 295 specimens were collected of 46 species, and 20 genera were identified, with predominance of

Catarina da Silva Motta; Francisco Felipe Xavier-Filho




Microsoft Academic Search

The article discusses the concept of an independent central bank and investigates the existence of such independence in the case of Brazil. The empirical analysis is based on the construction of indicators that seek to evaluate the central bank's ability to resist government pressures related to the political calendar and to public budget financing. The main conclusion points to a

Marcos Holanda; Leonardo P. Freire


Cassini ISS Search for Inner Satellites of Jupiter  

Microsoft Academic Search

During Cassini's approach to Jupiter, from 4 Oct 2000 to 6 Dec 2000, a series of narrow angle images was taken to search for any undiscovered satellites of Jupiter, focusing (to avoid scattered light from Jupiter) on the region from 2.6 RJ to 20 RJ, exterior to Amalthea but interior to Callisto. The spacecraft's distance to Jupiter for these images

M. S. Tiscareno; C. Porco



Reflective Judgment Theory and Research: Insights into the Process of Knowing in the College Years.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The reflective judgment (RJ) model is described, along with research findings based on the model and contributions to understanding student intellectual development in higher education. The RJ model (Kitchener & King, 1981) describes a series of changes that occur in the ways adults/young adults understand the process of knowing, and subsequently,…

King, Patricia M.; Kitchener, Karen Strohm


The efficacy of royal jelly in the restoration of stress- induced disturbance of lymphocytes and granulocytes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Restraint stress has been reported to suppress the conventional T and B lymphocyte responses, while inversely activating the granulocyte response in the peripheral blood. Since royal jelly (RJ) helps the body to cope with stress and fatigue, we asked whether RJ could restore the stress-induced dysregulatory numbers of lymphocytes and granulocytes in the peripheral blood and different organs such as

M. Kaiissar Mannoor; Mayu Tsukamoto; Hisami Watanabe; Kikuji Yamaguchi



Energetic particle bursts in the predawn Jovian magnetotail  

Microsoft Academic Search

From September to October 1996 the Galileo spacecraft crossed through the distant predawn tail region of the Jovian magnetosphere. The Energetic Particles Detector (EPD) onboard Galileo recorded a series of energetic particle flow bursts in the region beyond 80RJ to the apojove at 113RJ. The events are similar in nature to an event observed with the hot plasma instrument (LECP)

N. Krupp; J. Woch; A. Lagg; B. Wilken; S. Livi; D. J. Williams



Implementing Restorative Justice Practice in Schools: What Pedagogy Reveals  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In the ongoing pursuit for creating safe, nurturing and relational school cultures, educators continue to turn to restorative justice (rj) principles and practice. Predominantly, schools begin to engage with rj in an effort to address harm done, causing its discourse to be situated in literature tied to classroom management and behaviour. However,…

Vaandering, Dorothy



Contextualizing Restorative Justice for Hate Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The application of restorative justice (RJ) with hate crime remains an underdeveloped field of research, policy, and practice. This article aims to advance the understanding of these two areas of inquiry: RJ and hate crime. It is known that while most hate incidents involve minor, punishable offenses, their impact can be long lasting and…

Gavrielides, Theo



Energetic particles in the jovian magnetotail.  


When the solar wind hits Jupiter's magnetic field, it creates a long magnetotail trailing behind the planet that channels material out of the Jupiter system. The New Horizons spacecraft traversed the length of the jovian magnetotail to >2500 jovian radii (RJ; 1 RJ identical with 71,400 kilometers), observing a high-temperature, multispecies population of energetic particles. Velocity dispersions, anisotropies, and compositional variation seen in the deep-tail (greater, similar 500 RJ) with a approximately 3-day periodicity are similar to variations seen closer to Jupiter in Galileo data. The signatures suggest plasma streaming away from the planet and injection sites in the near-tail region (approximately 200 to 400 RJ) that could be related to magnetic reconnection events. The tail structure remains coherent at least until it reaches the magnetosheath at 1655 RJ. PMID:17932283

McNutt, R L; Haggerty, D K; Hill, M E; Krimigis, S M; Livi, S; Ho, G C; Gurnee, R S; Mauk, B H; Mitchell, D G; Roelof, E C; McComas, D J; Bagenal, F; Elliott, H A; Brown, L E; Kusterer, M; Vandegriff, J; Stern, S A; Weaver, H A; Spencer, J R; Moore, J M




Microsoft Academic Search

The Canine Visceral Leishmaniasis is a worldwide distributed zoonosis caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania and Leishmania chagasi is the causal agent of the disease in Brazil. The transmission between vertebrate hosts occurs through the bite of a phlebotomine, whose main representative in the country is the Lutzomyia longipalpis. The disease has been described in some cities, presenting important



Hatchability rate and embryonic growth of broiler chicks following in ovo injection royal jelly.  


Abstract 1. The objectives of this study were to compare the hatchability, chick body and internal organs weights and plasma testosterone concentration of hatchlings after in ovo administration of royal jelly (RJ) on d 7 of incubation. 2. Fertile eggs (n = 150) were injected into the air sac or yolk sac with 0.5 ml normal saline solution or normal saline and pure RJ. The eggs were randomly divided into 5 groups of 30 eggs each: NC, control eggs receiving no injection; ASA, air sac-injected eggs given normal saline solution; ARJ, air sac-injected eggs injected with pure RJ; YSA, yolk sac-injected eggs receiving normal saline solution and YRJ, yolk sac-injected eggs given pure RJ. 3. Injection of RJ significantly decreased hatchability (46.7%) compared with injection of saline solution (68.3%). Hatchability was lower in ARJ (33.3 %) and YRJ (60.0%) groups than in the NC group (90.0%). Hatchability in ASA (70.0%) and YSA (66.66%) groups were comparable to the NC group. 4. In ovo injection of RJ into both sacs increased chicks' absolute and relative body, heart, liver and testes weights compared to the control group whereas plasma testosterone concentration was similar among the different groups. 5. It was concluded that in ovo injection of RJ may be an effective method to increase the body weight of hatched chicks as an absolute value (CWT) and chicks' internal organ weights. PMID:24840127

Moghaddam, A A; Borji, M; Komazani, D



Understanding light harvesting in radial junction amorphous silicon thin film solar cells.  


The radial junction (RJ) architecture has proven beneficial for the design of a new generation of high performance thin film photovoltaics. We herein carry out a comprehensive modeling of the light in-coupling, propagation and absorption profile within RJ thin film cells based on an accurate set of material properties extracted from spectroscopic ellipsometry measurements. This has enabled us to understand and evaluate the impact of varying several key parameters on the light harvesting in radially formed thin film solar cells. We found that the resonance mode absorption and antenna-like light in-coupling behavior in the RJ cell cavity can lead to a unique absorption distribution in the absorber that is very different from the situation expected in a planar thin film cell, and that has to be taken into account in the design of high performance RJ thin film solar cells. When compared to the experimental EQE response of real RJ solar cells, this modeling also provides an insightful and powerful tool to resolve the wavelength-dependent contributions arising from individual RJ units and/or from strong light trapping due to the presence of the RJ cell array. PMID:24619197

Yu, Linwei; Misra, Soumyadeep; Wang, Junzhuan; Qian, Shengyi; Foldyna, Martin; Xu, Jun; Shi, Yi; Johnson, Erik; Cabarrocas, Pere Roca I



Royal jelly can diminish secondary neuronal damage after experimental spinal cord injury in rabbits.  


The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of Royal jelly (RJ) on traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Twenty-one New Zealand male rabbits, weighing between 2.5 and 3.0 kg were divided into three groups: Sham (no drug or operation, n = 7), Control (laminectomy+single dose of 1 ml/kg saline orally, after trauma; n = 7) and RJ (laminectomy+100mg/kg RJ, orally, after trauma, n = 7). Laminectomy was perfor med at T10 and balloon catheter was applied extradurally for traumatic SCI. Four and 24h after surgery, rabbits were evaluated according to the Tarlov scoring system. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid and tissue sample from spinal cord were taken for measurements of antioxidant status or detection of apoptosis. Four hours after SCI, all animals in control or RJ treated groups became paraparesic. Significant improvement was observed in RJ treated group, 24h after SCI, with respect to control. Traumatic SCI led to increase in the lipid peroxidation and decrease enzymic or non-enzymic endogenous antioxidative defense systems, and increase in apoptotic cell numbers. RJ treatment mostly prevented lipid peroxidation and also augmented endogenous enzymic or non-enzymic antioxidative defense systems. Again, RJ treatment significantly decreased the apoptotic cell number induced by SCI. PMID:22538080

Aslan, Adem; Cemek, Mustafa; Buyukokuroglu, Mehmet Emin; Altunbas, Korhan; Bas, Orhan; Yurumez, Yusuf



Geographical influences on content of 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid in royal jelly in China.  


The content of 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA), a marker compound in royal jelly (RJ), is the most important criterion in grading RJ for commercial trade and varies with its origin. To identify the effect of geographical origin on 10-HDA content in RJ, 138 samples were collected from 19 provinces of China (divided into three groups) produced by either Apis mellifera ligustica Spinola, 1806 or a hybrid of A. m. ligustica and Apis mellifera carnica Pollman, 1879 and analyzed for moisture, sugar, crude protein, ash, acid, and 10-HDA concentration. The results show that RJ from western China has a significantly higher 10-HDA level (2.01 +/- 0.05%) than those from northeastern (1.87 +/- 0.05%) and eastern (1.75 +/- 0.03%) China. RJ secreted by hybrid bees contained more 10-HDA (1.89 +/- 0.03%) than that secreted by A. m. ligustica (1.78 +/- 0.03%). The 10-HDA content of RJ produced during flowering of rape (Brassica campestris L.), lime (Tilia amurensis Ruprecht), and vitex (Vitex negundo L. variety heterophylla (Franch.) Rehder) was 1.92, 1.80, and 1.68%, respectively. The results would be helpful during the process of price determination of RJ by providing some basis of geographical, bee strain, and botanical information for commercial trade. PMID:24224235

Wei, Wen-Ting; Hu, Yuan-Qiang; Zheng, Huo-Qing; Cao, Lian-Fei; Hu, Fu-Liang; Hepburn, H Randall



Royal Jelly Modulates Oxidative Stress and Apoptosis in Liver and Kidneys of Rats Treated with Cisplatin  

PubMed Central

Cisplatin (CDDP) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in the treatment of cancer and has adverse side effects such as nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. The present study was designed to determine the effects of royal jelly (RJ) against oxidative stress caused by CDDP injury of the kidneys and liver, by measuring tissue biochemical and antioxidant parameters and investigating apoptosis immunohistochemically. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups, group C: control group received 0.9% saline; group CDDP: injected i.p. with cisplatin (CDDP, 7?mg?kg?1 body weight i.p., single dose); group RJ: treated for 15 consecutive days by gavage with RJ (300?mg/kg/day); group RJ + CDDP: treated by gavage with RJ 15 days following a single injection of CDDP. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels, glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in liver and kidney homogenates, and the liver and kidney were also histologically examined. RJ elicited a significant protective effect towards liver and kidney by decreasing the level of lipid peroxidation (MDA), elevating the level of GSH, and increasing the activities of GST, GSH-Px, and SOD. In the immunohistochemical examinations were observed significantly enhanced apoptotic cell numbers and degenerative changes by cisplatin, but these histological changes were lower in the liver and kidney tissues of RJ + CDDP group. Besides, treatment with RJ lead to an increase in antiapoptotic activity hepatocytes and tubular epithelium. In conclusion, RJ may be used in combination with cisplatin in chemotherapy to improve cisplatin-induced oxidative stress parameters and apoptotic activity.

Karadeniz, Ali; Simsek, Nejdet; Karakus, Emre; Yildirim, Serap; Kara, Adem; Can, Ismail; Kisa, Fikrullah; Emre, Habib; Turkeli, Mehmet




Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this paper is to analyze the competitive ness of the sugar cane industry in Brazil and in Paraná. The Paraná state occupies the second position in productivity and in the total production of the sector, reason why this paper ana lyzes the competitiveness of the complex and its evolution in Brazil and in Paraná between 1 990



Peso Adulto de Matrizes em Rebanhos de Seleção da Raça Nelore no Brasil 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this work was to evaluate the Nellore breed in Brazil with respect to the phenotypic and genetic variation of the mature size of cows. The observations were taken from 34 herds of eleven different beef cattle product ion regions in the country. There were considered cows of the horned and polled varieties, raised on pastures, from

Nascimento Rosa; Henrique Nunes de Oliveira; Luiz Antonio; Framartino Bezerra



Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabalho é resultado de uma investigação sobre a ação dos órgãos oficiais de Assistência Técnica e Extensão rural (ATER) no nordeste brasileiro, com o objetivo avaliar as ações dos mesmos visando a implementação da nova Política Nacional de ATER (PNATER), na região como referência para o país. Ela contemplou os Estados de Bahia, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte,

José Ribamar; Furtado de Souza


Relación entre turismo, género y sexo. El caso de Buzios - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between sex and tourism has followed different paths starting from the Gay \\/ Lesbian friendly market to nudist tourism or prostitution. Not withstanding, there are sill few initiatives to stop this kind of tourism that brings with its huge social problems and scandalizes the public opinion. This is probably due to the fact that from an historic point

Juana A. Norrild



Planificación urbana versus autoregulación: la ciudad de Fortaleza (Brasil) como tablero de juego de diferentes agentes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fortaleza es una ciudad relativamente jóven en cuanto a su importancia como metrópoli regional, caracterizándose sobre todo en las últimas décadas por una muy fuerte dinámica demográfica, económica y política. En este contexto el espacio urbano se ha convertido en una mercancía de alto costo, disputada entre los intereses contradictorios de compañías influentes, especuladores inmobiliarios, políticos y el resto de

Waltraud Rosner; Ulli Vilsmaier



Karyotype composition of some rodents and marsupials from Chapada Diamantina (Bahia, Brasil).  


The Chapada Diamantina (CD) is located in Bahia State, between 11-14 degrees S and 41-43 degrees W, being part of the Serra do Espinhaço. The occurrence of different habitats and transition areas permits an interesting mammal fauna composition, with species from different biomes living in sympatry. Species of Didelphimorphia and Rodentia are important members of mammal communities in almost all different habitats, and morphological and cytogenetic characters are important for a correct identification of most of these species. In this work 258 specimens of small mammals from the orders Didelphimorphia (six genera and six species) and Rodentia (two families, five Sigmodontinae tribes, nine genera and 11 species) were collected during the whole field work (44 nights with traps). Chromosome preparations were obtained from 145 specimens from the species: Marmosops incanus, Gracilinanus microtarsus, Monodelphis domestica, Akodon aff. cursor, Necromys lasiurus, Cerradomys sp., Oligoryzomys fornesi, O. nigripes, O. rupestris, Calomys expulsus, Rhipidomys macrurus, Wiedomys pyrrhorhinus and Thrichomys inermis. Didelphis albiventris, Micoureus demerarae, Thylamys karymii and Nectomys sp. were identified by morphological characters. Most analyzed specimens do not show karyotype variation. However, numerical chromosomic variation was found in two individuals of Akodon aff. cursor (2n = 15) and in one individual of Cerradomys sp. (2n = 51). Structural variation in karyotype was observed in seven individuals of Cerradomys sp., showing one additional pair of metacentric chromosomes. PMID:18094834

Pereira, L G; Geise, L




Microsoft Academic Search

É notória a crescente importância das medidas técnicas, sanitárias e fitossanitárias às exportações brasileiras de produtos agrícolas, tais como: certificação de origem, avaliação de conformidade, normas e procedimentos técnicos, etc. Essas medidas têm sido formalizadas em notificações aos acordos TBT e SPS da OMC, vigentes desde 1995. Cabe ressaltar, no entanto, que essas medidas podem servir como barreiras protecionistas quando

Braulio Martins Bueno; Orlando Monteiro da Silva



Transferencias entre gobiernos y representación política: elementos empíricos de juicio de Argentina, Brasil y México  

Microsoft Academic Search

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En los países en desarrollo, las transferencias entre gobiernos desde el nivel central son una fuente importante de ingresos para la mayoría de los gobiernos subnacionales. Y es probable que su importancia aumente aún más, si se toman en cuenta las iniciativas de descentralización en América Latina y otras regiones. En este trabajo se investiga

Moritz Kraemer




Microsoft Academic Search

Changes in the shape of characteristic spectral profile of soybean are associated with the development conditions of plants, especially meteorological and management. The objective of this study was to analyze the differences among spectral profiles taken on different producer regions of soybean in the southern of Brazil. The biomass monitoring, done from September 1999 to March 2000, was made using

E. Weber; L. A. Guasselli


Nova espécie de Pimelodus (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae) dos rios Tapajós e Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new species of Pimelodus (Siluriformes, Pimelodidae) from Tapajós and Tocantins rivers, Brazil. Pimelodus tetramerus sp. nov. differs from the other species of Pimelodus Lacepède by its typical coloration, with four dark stripes on the sides of the body, the most dorsal beginning just behind the pre-dorsal plate and finishing at the end of the adipose-fin base; the second, wider

Frank Raynner V. Ribeiro; Carlos Alberto S. de Lucena



Ceramica avancada no Brasil: estagio atual e perspectivas. (Advanced ceramics in Brazil: actual stage and perspectives).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The development of advanced ceramics in Brazil, the perspectives of the world and Brazilian markets, the raw materials, the equipments for industry and research, the human resources, and the disposable technology, are presented. The researches on advanced...

E. D. Zanotto



Esquistossomose em área de ecoturismo do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses schistosomiasis transmis- sion in São José da Serra, a village with a popula- tion of 500 in the county of Jaboticatubas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The area receives thousands of visitors a year for ecotourism. The study was motivated by a case of acute schistosomiasis in- volving a couple that spent the 2007 Carnival (Mardi Gras) holiday

Cristiano Lara Massara; Graciela Larissa Amaral; Roberta Lima Caldeira; Sandra Costa Drummond; Martin Johannes Enk; Omar dos Santos Carvalho



Comunidade de Carabidae (Coleoptera) em manchas florestais no Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carabid community (Coleoptera) in forest patches in Pantanal, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. This work addresses the effects of the size, flooding susceptibility and vegetation complexity on ground beetles community structure (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in forest patches (capões) in the sub-regions Miranda and Abobral of the Pantanal, State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Thirty pitfall traps were run for

Letícia Vieira; Frederico S. Lopes; Wedson D. Fernandes; Josué Raizer



Análise de programas de preservação da audição em quatro indústrias metalúrgicas de Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes noise control programs in four metallurgical factories in Piracicaba, São Paulo, Brazil. From 1997 to 2001, 741 workers were examined and the programs were analyzed based on workers' profiles (2,270 audiometric exams) and documents on hearing preservation programs. 41% of workers presented hearing loss (mean age 42.3; mean years of work 16.7). 104 workers with more than

Cláudia Giglio de Oliveira Gonçalves; Aparecida Mari Iguti




Microsoft Academic Search

The flood plain of Paraná river problably mantain, one of the last considerable populations of neotropical big cats, represented by jaguar (Panthera onca) and puma (Puma concolor). Large felids depend on the landscape to obtain food and habitat. Fire is a huge natural agent that can change the landscape, modifying flora and fauna species. In the Ilha Grande National Park,

Kauê Cachuba de Abreu; Letícia de Paulo Koproski; Ângela Márcia Kuczach; Pedro Chaves de Camargo; Tiago Giarola Boscarato



Microsoft Academic Search

2, 4 RESUMO: Acritarcos anormais são indivíduos portadores de anomalias morfológicas e que são encontrados em diversos níveis ao longo da série siluriana, mas particularmente abundantes dentro do limite Llandovery\\/Wenlock. São poucos os trabalhos que fazem referências a acritarcos anormais. Na primeira citação foi descrito um Veryhachium europaeum \\



Anatomia foliar de bromélias ocorrentes em áreas de cerrado do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leaf anatomy of bromeliads from the cerrado of São Paulo State, Brazil). Our aim was to indicate typical features of Bromeliaceae as well as possible adaptive features found in cerrado species. We studied the leaves of five Bromelioideae, seven Tillandsioideae and one Pitcairnoideae. Usually the stomata of Bromelioideae are located only on the abaxial leaf surface, there is epidermal and

Suzana Lúcia Proença


12 item allodynia symptom checklist/Brasil: cross-cultural adaptation, internal consistency and reproducibility.  


Since there was no Portuguese questionnaire to evaluate cutaneous allodynia, which has been pointed out as a risk factor of migraine, we aimed to perform the cross-cultural adaptation of the 12 item Allodynia Symptom Checklist for the Brazilian population and to test its measurement properties. It consisted in six stages: translation, synthesis, back translation, revision by a specialist committee, pretest and submission the documents to the committee. In the pretest stage, the questionnaire was applied to 30 migraineurs of both sexes, who had some difficulty in understanding it. Thus, a second version was applied to 30 additional subjects, with no difficulties being reported. The mean filling out time was 3'36", and the internal consistency was 0.76. To test reproducibility, 15 other subjects filled out the questionnaire at two different times, it was classified as moderate (weighted kappa=0.58). We made available to Brazilian population an easy, quick and reliable questionnaire. PMID:23175197

Florencio, Lidiane Lima; Chaves, Thais Cristina; Branisso, Lívia B; Gonçalves, Maria Cláudia; Dach, Fabíola; Speciali, José Geraldo; Bigal, Marcelo Eduardo; Bevilaqua-Grossi, Débora




Microsoft Academic Search

In the two last decades, in many countries of Latin America, a renaissance of the agrarian politics was verified. These had been implemented, almost always, in the context of the programs of combat to the poverty and promotion of the agricultural development. In this situation it fits to mention the system of land lease, sufficiently used in some latin and

Patrícia José de Almeida


Efeito cicatrizante e atividade antibacteriana da Calendula officinalis L. cultivada no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Healing effect and antibacterial activity of Calendula officinalis L. cultivated in Brazil. Since ancient history medicinal properties are attributed to flowers of Calendula officinalis L. (Asteraceae), mainly concerning its healing activity. Studies about the general activity of medicinal plants in healing wounds have been conducted without specifying in which healing phase the plant acts. In this work, the anti-inflammatory and

Patologia Geral


USO E ABUSO DE DROGAS PSICOTRÓPICAS NO BRASIL Use and abuse psychotrophics drugs in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The author describes the studies performed by CEBRID on the drugs consumptiom in the country, commenting the main results, with emphasis in the surveys among students and the 1 st household survey in São Paulo's State.

José Carlos Fernandes Galduróz; Aldous Huxley


[The nursing administration scientific publications in Brasil since 1947 until 1972].  


The Nursing Administration was added to the Nursing Undergraduation Curriculum when the evidence of this need came clear to the brazilian nurses. The main objective of the present investigation is to describe the history pathway of scientific productions about Nursing Administration to evidence the special points of this history, intended to contribute to the understanding of the sequence of their productions and the utilization of this concepts in the administration nursing practice. The study referred from 1947 to 1972, by the searching in the electronic nursing scientific publications data base named--PERIENF. The results were 19 indications submitted to a thematic analysis treatment. This procedure reveals that since the forties the nurses were conscious of the difficulties they had experimented in their administration performance, growing up to the inclusion of this theme in the undergraduate courses and demonstrating its organization until the definition of the "Curriculo Mínimo do Curso de Enfermagem e Obstetricia" in 1972, granting a special place of this discipline. PMID:16334196

Martins, Elaine Guimarães; Sanna, Maria Cristina



Abertura Financeira e Vulnerabilidade Externa na América Latina: os impactos sobre Brasil, México e Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Este trabalho, na primeira seção, define o que costuma ser entendido como um processo de abertura financeira, identifica os níveis que compõem este processo, e lista as principais justificativas teóricas costumeiramente apresentadas para a implementação deste tipo de política. Na segunda seção, discute-se teoricamente o impacto dos processos de liberalização financeira na autonomia de política econômica e no grau

Juan Pablo Painceira; Marcelo Dias Carcanholo


Consideracoes Historicas sobre o Ensino Profissionalizante no Brasil (Historical Considerations about Professional Education in Brazil).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the paths taken in professional education in Brazil from the colonial period until the formation of the republic. Refers to specialists as well as specific laws for each period described in the study. (BT)

Barros, Marta Silene Ferreira



Situation Reports--Brasil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in six foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Brazil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two topics, general background and family planning situation. General background…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).



Microsoft Academic Search

This paper evaluates the contribution of cash transfer programmes to the observed fall in inequality in Brazil between 1995 and 2004 as well as its impact on poverty. We use the 2004 Brazilian National Household Survey (PNAD) that for the first time collected data on the incidence of some of the cash transfer programmes. We develop a methodology to separate

Fabio Veras Soares; Sergei Soares; Marcelo Medeiros; Rafael Guerreiro Osório




Microsoft Academic Search

List of mammals from Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil. The mammal fauna from Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil, is one of the least known of the country. Works on terrestrial mammals are scarce and new species of aquatic mammals have been registered in the last years. For that reason, a commented list of the mammals of Santa Catarina based on

Jorge J. Cherem; Paulo C. Simões-Lopes; Sérgio Althoff; Maurício E. Graipel; Servidão Adélia; C. Cherem



Baixo peso ao nascer em duas coortes de base populacional no Sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low birthweight infants (under 2500 g) are much more likely to have severe diseases or die in the first year of life. This study's objective was to compare occurrence of low birthweight, preterm births, and intrauterine growth retardation in two cohorts born in the years 1982 and 1993 in Pelotas, Southern Brazil. All hospital births (corresponding to over 99% of

Bernardo L. Horta; Fernando C. Barros; Ricardo Halpern; Cesar G. Victora



Sugestões para o uso do mini-exame do estado mental no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO - Modificações no mini-exame do estado mental (MEM) foram sugeridas anteriormente em nosso meio. Neste artigo relatamos sugestões para aplicação uniforme deste instrumento. Método: Avaliamos 433 indivíduos saudáveis sem queixas de memória através do MEM tendo seu desempenho sido avaliado quanto às variáveis demográficas. As modificações propostas foram detalhadamente descritas. Resultados: A escolaridade foi o principal fator que influenciou

Sonia M. D. Brucki; Ricardo Nitrini; Paulo Caramelli; Paulo H. F. Bertolucci; Ivan H. Okamoto




Microsoft Academic Search

While in the social and in the ethical realms the Cardoso administration was successful, its economic outcomes were frustrating. In this administration's eight years the investment rate did not increase and income per capita growth lagged, while the public debt and the foreign debt increased substantially. This poor economic performance may be explained by three chained causes: a mistake in

Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira


Mortalidade precoce por doenças do coração no brasil. Comparação com outros países  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objetivo - Comparar a mortalidade por doenças do coração e pela doença coronária (DC) nas faixas etárias dos 45 aos 64 anos, no período 1984-87, em capitais bra- sileiras com outros países. Métodos - Foram utilizadas as estatísticas oficiais de mortalidade de 8 capitais com boa qualidade de informa- ção: Belém, Recife, Salvador, Belo Horizonte, Rio de Ja- neiro, São

Paulo Andrade Lotufo



The Research Program at RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)-III  

SciTech Connect

A part of the research program developed in the RIBRAS facility over the last four years is presented. Experiments using radioactive secondary beams of light exotic nuclei such as {sup 6}He, {sup 7}Be, {sup 8}Li on several targets have been performed. Elastic angular distributions have been analysed by the Optical Model and four body Continuous Discretized Coupled Channels Calculations (4b-CDCC) and the total reaction cross sections have been obtained. A comparison between the reaction cross sections of {sup 6}He and other stable projectiles with medium-heavy targets was performed. Measurements of the proton transfer reaction {sup 12}C({sup 8}Li,{sup 9}Be){sup 11}B are also presented.

Lichtenthaeler, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Mendes, D. R. Jr; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Barioni, A.; Morais, M. C.; Pampa Condori, R. [Instituto de Fisica da USP, Sao Paulo, Brazil, C.P. 66318, 05314-970 (Brazil); Assuncao, M. [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra, Unifesp, Campus de Diadema, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Moro, A. M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo. 1065, E-41080, Sevilla (Spain); Rodriguez-Gallardo, M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo. 1065, E-41080, Sevilla (Spain); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Arazi, A. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina)



Desigualdades geográficas e sociais na utilização de serviços de saúde no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Health care service consumption is related not only to need and individuals' behav- ior, but also to factors associated to the supply side of health care market. The new Brazilian Constitution (1988) established the Unified Health Care System (SUS) which is based on universal access to health care services. The sys- tem was implemented in 1990. The principle of equity

Cláudia Travassos; Francisco Viacava; Cristiano Fernandes; Célia Maria Almeida



Rickettsioses emergentes e reemergentes numa região endêmica do Estado de Minas Gerais, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a serological survey for rickettsiosis in the county of Novo Cruzeiro, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, in 1998, testing schoolchildren and dogs. Sera included 331 samples from schoolchildren from an endemic area and 142 samples from schoolchildren from a non-endemic area in the county. All children examined were healthy and had not reported clini- cal symptoms of Brazilian

Márcio A. M. Galvão; Joel A. Lamounier; Elido Bonomo; Margarete S. Tropia; Eliane G. Rezende; Simone B. Calic; Chequer B. Chamone; Mirtes C. Machado; Márcia E. A. Otoni; Romário C. Leite; Camila Caram; Cláudio L. Mafra; David H. Walker



Eunotiaceae (Bacillariophyceae) em igarapés da Amazônia Central, Manaus e Presidente Figueiredo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO Estudos florísticos e taxonômicos envolvendo diatomáceas são escassos para a região amazônica. As publicações existentes incluem registros de diatomáceas da Amazônia brasileira, do Equador, da Colômbia e do Peru e comumente mostram que Eunotia e Actinella (Eunotiaceae) são gêneros bem representados nessa região. A maioria dos igarapés amazônicos costuma apresentar potencial hidrogeniônico (pH) ácido, característica aquática que promove o

Fernanda Ferrari; Letícia Knechtel Procopiak; Yamile Benaion Alencar; Thelma Alvim Veiga Ludwig



Mapeamento dos ambientes aquáticos e da cobertura da terra na Bacia do Rio Purus, Amazonas, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work aims to map and characterize the aquatic environments and the ways of use and occupancy of land along the basin of purus river. To implement this work were used images of optical sensor TM \\/ satellite Landsat 5. The software was used SPRING. the floodplain covers an area of 22,184 km2. The lakes dendritic present the largest

Alberto Furtado; Martins Junior



PubMed Central

Background After hearing about the reproducible and excellent results of the Ponseti method for clubfoot treatment, a group of Brazilian orthopaedic surgeons organized and participated in a standardized national program to teach the Ponseti technique in 21 different cities across Brazil. Methods A total of 21 Ponseti symposiums were organized in a standard fashion from January, 2007 to December, 2008. They consisted of a two-day program with lectures, hands-on cast application, and discussion of local clinical cases presented by orthopaedic surgeons. Thirteen Brazilian orthopaedic surgeons, who had been trained by the University of Iowa or centers recognized by them, taught the method. Financial support for travel was provided by an English charity: La Vida (Vital Investment for Developing Aid in Latin America). The physicians who attended the symposiums answered questionnaires before and after the training. Results About 7% of the 8000 orthopaedic surgeons in Brazil (556 orthopaedic surgeons) were trained. These orthopaedic surgeons stated that they had treated about 4905 babies in the previous year via other methods, including extensive surgery. Seventeen percent of the surgeons did not know about the Ponseti technique at the start of the symposium. Eighty-eight percent reported they felt able to treat children with the Ponseti technique after the symposium. Ninety-four percent of respondents reported that the symposium changed their way of treating clubfoot Conclusions These Ponseti symposiums brought about an exchange of medical information and empowered the participants. This program is a good educational tool which can be used in eradicating neglected clubfoot in Brazil.

Nogueira, Monica Paschoal; Pereira, Julio Cesar Rodrigues; Duarte, Paulo Schiavom; Lourenco, Alexandre; Tedesco, Ana Paula; Ferreira, Laura Alves; Forlin, Edilson; Volpi, Reinaldo; Violante, Francisco; Brandao, Gilberto; Novaes, Eduardo; Zabeu, Jose Luis Amin; Kim, Jung Ho; Aguiar, Carlos; Merlotti, Maria Henriqueta Renno



Brasil: Novo Desafio a Saude do Adulto (Brazil: The New Challenge of Adult Health).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study focuses on the problems which the Brazilian health system will face in coming decades as the population gets older, and as chronic and degenerative diseases and AIDS increase. The focus is on the causes of mortality which become dominant in the ...



Novos Aspectos da Regulação do Trabalho no Brasil. Qual o Papel do Estado?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uma inserção civilizada dos trabalhadores nos âmbitos econômico, social e político da vida brasileira depende da existência de relações assalariadas com direitos trabalhistas e previdenciários assegurados. Não obstante, ao longo dos anos 1990 e em parte dos atuais, os trabalhadores tenderam a assumir outras posições na estrutura de ocupações – posições quase sempre distintas da de assalariados formalmente registrados. Em

André Gambier Campos



Compatibilizando Direitos Sociais com Competividade: Fiscais do Trabalho e a Implementação da Legislação Trabalhista no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este estudo trata da seguinte questão: como compatibilizar direitos trabalhistas e proteção social com competitividade e produtividade das empresas? Na América Latina, há um intenso debate sobre a perversidade da legislação trabalhista (considerada prejudicial para os trabalhadores e para as empresas) e, em resposta, a política recomendada atualmente enfatiza a desregulamentação e a flexibilização dos direitos trabalhistas existentes. Em contraposição

Roberto Pires



Políticas trabalhista, Fundiária e de Crédito Agrícola e Seus Impactos Adversos Sobre a Pobreza no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the question of the concentrated pattern of agriculturaldevelopment in Brazil, as expressed in the predominance of large-scale production,high level of mechanization and low absorption of non-qualified labor. It is proposed,initially, the existence of two conflicting explanations for this fact: the first, thatblames our historical heritage, characterized by the predominance of the latifúndio,with the implication that the solution

Gervásio Castro de Rezende



Adaptabilidade e estabilidade de genótipos de trigo irrigado no Cerrado do Brasil Central  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this work was to estimate the adaptability and stability of irrigated wheat genotypes under conditions of Central Brazil savannah area. Grain yield of five cultivars and nine lines of irrigated wheat was measured in assays of cultivation value and use. The assays were conducted during the years 2005 and 2006, in six locations in Minas Gerais State,

Embrapa Soja



Etiologia e estratégias de controle de viroses do mamoeiro no brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Etiology and control strategies of papaya virus diseases in Brazil The major disease problems affecting papaya (Carica papaya) throughout the world are caused by viruses. These diseases cause serious reductions in fruit production, even totally destroying affected orchards. Although more than ten different viruses have been registered in papaya world- wide, only three have been identified to date that naturally




"If You Give Him Seeds, He'll Eat Forever"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on an OEO-funded farming project through which northern New Mexico Pueblo American Indians are growing crops indoors in nutritive water and gravel through a cultivation process known as hydroponics. (RJ)

Murphy, Betty



Pleural needle biopsy  


... a collection of fluid around the lung (persistent pleural effusion) or other abnormality of the pleural membrane. Pleural ... Broaddus VC, Light RW. Pleural effusion. In: Mason RJ, Broaddus VC, ... Textbook of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: WB ...


Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers. — Measures of the Food Environment

Skala K, Chuang RJ, Evans A, Hedberg AM, Dave J, Sharma S. Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers.



EPA Science Inventory

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: prepubertal exposures and effects on sexual maturation and thyroid activity in the female rat. A focus on the EDSTAC recommendations. Goldman JM, Laws SC, Balchak SK, Cooper RL, Kavlock RJ. Reproductive Toxicology Division, National H...


Motives of Negro Americans who Aspire to Traditionally Open and Closed Occupations  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Portions of this paper were presented at the 16th International Congress of Applied Psychology, Amsterdam, Netherlands, August, 1968, and at the 7th International Congress of Rorschach And Other Projective Techniques, London, England, August, 1968. (RJ)

Littig, Lawrence W.



Optimal Utilization of Limited Educational Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Article is an outgrowth of two conference presentations by the author at the Regional Seminar on Financing and Cost of Education in Central America and Panama, Guatemala City, Guatemala, September 6-11, 1971. (RJ)

Hatley, Richard V.



Culture Shock: Remedial Teaching and the Immigrant Child  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the causes and effects of culture shock of immigrant children in a London primary school at first hand by going over to Jamaica, West Indies, and gaining insights which have important implications in the classroom environment. (RJ)

Roberts-Holmes, Joy



Examining the effectiveness of a restorative justice program for various types of juvenile offenders.  


Restorative justice (RJ) programs have become widespread in the United States and in other countries. These programs are often seen as a viable alternative to traditional retributive processing, especially for minor, and sometimes more serious, forms of delinquency and adult criminality. The programs hold promise for achieving several goals, including increased community and victim involvement, greater satisfaction with the case outcomes, improved offender compliance, increased perceptions of fairness, and even recidivism reduction. Meta-analyses have demonstrated varying degrees of program success in recidivism reduction, which may in part reflect differential effectiveness of the RJ approach for various kinds of offenders. This study examined whether an RJ program for juvenile offenders had differential impacts on recidivism across various offender characteristics (including age, gender, racial group, offending history, and current offense). Results generally support the effectiveness of the program for many types of offenders. Implications for future research and potential improvements to the RJ model are discussed. PMID:22811474

Bergseth, Kathleen J; Bouffard, Jeffrey A



Subareolar abscess  


... Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2012:chap 36. Gollapalli V, Liao J, Dudakovic A, Sugg SL, Scott-Conner CEH, Weigel RJ. Risk factors for development and recurrence of primary breast abscesses. J Am Coll Surg. 2010;211:41-48.


Methadone Maintenance as Law and Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that substitution of methadone for heroin would not rehabilitate the drug addict, but it may be used as a method of tranquilizing a potentially troublesome ghetto and poor white population. (RJ)

Heyman, Florence



Political Primitivism, Differential Socialization, and Lower-Class Leftist Radicalism  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines hypotheses linking lower class leftist radicalism to the political primitivism caused by lack of education, lack of media exposure, infrequent participation in organizations, and personal isolation--on the basis of data from 382 Chilean urban slum dwellers. (RJ)

Portes, Alejandro



Usual Dietary Intakes: Further Information

Freedman LS, Midthune D, Carroll RJ, Krebs-Smith S, Subar AF, Troiano RP, Dodd K, Schatzkin A, Bingham SA, Ferrari P, Kipnis V. Adjustments to improve the estimation of usual dietary intake distributions in the population.



EPA Science Inventory

IS THE DOSE-RESPONSE LINEAR OR NONLINEAR FOR GENOTOXIC EFFECTS? Preston, RJ. Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 For considerations of cancer risk assessment from exposure to environmenta...


High-Energy Charged Particles in the Innermost Jovian Magnetosphere  


The energetic particles investigation carried by the Galileo probe measured the energy and angular distributions of the high-energy particles from near the orbit of Io to probe entry into the jovian atmosphere. Jupiter's inner radiation region had extremely large fluxes of energetic electrons and protons; intensities peaked at approximately2.2RJ (where RJ is the radius of Jupiter). Absorption of the measured particles was found near the outer edge of the bright dust ring. The instrument measured intense fluxes of high-energy helium ions (approximately62 megaelectron volts per nucleon) that peaked at approximately1.5RJ inside the bright dust ring. The abundances of all particle species decreased sharply at approximately1.35RJ; this decrease defines the innermost edge of the equatorial jovian radiation. PMID:8662575

Fischer; Pehlke; Wibberenz; Lanzerotti; Mihalov



2006 Publications

Serum peptidome patterns that distinguish metastatic thyroid carcinoma from cancer-free controls are unbiased by gender and age.Villanueva J, Martorella AJ, Lawlor K, Philip J, Fleisher M, Robbins RJ, Tempst P.Mol Cell Proteomics.


78 FR 75289 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...issued Subject 05-10-15, ``Aircraft Equipment Airworthiness Limitations...Chapter 05, ``Time Limits/Maintenance Checks,'' of the BAE Systems BAe 146 Series/AVRO 146-RJ Series Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Revision 108,...



Society's Survival: Equal Educational Opportunities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses the property valuation system which is available for taxation by school districts to finance their educational programs. Contends that a shift in classification from property valuation to income may not solve the regional disparities in district wealth. (RJ)

Buchmiller, Archie



Suicide in the Military: Army-NIH Funded Study Points to Risk and Protective Factors  


... and deaths in a series of three JAMA Psychiatry articles. Findings from The Army Study to Assess ... SG, Stein MB, Ursano RJ, Cox KL. JAMA Psychiatry, March 3, 2014. Prevalence and correlates of suicidal ...


76 FR 50737 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Experimental...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...483-494, 1988; Harris, R.J., ``Comprehension of pragmatic implication in advertising,'' Journal of Applied Psychology, 62, 603-608, 1977; Jacoby, J., and W. Hoyer, ``The comprehension and miscomprehension of print...



Long-Term Outcomes of Joint Replacement Rehabilitation Patients Discharged From Skilled Nursing and Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

DeJong G, Tian W, Smout RJ, Horn SD, Putman K, Hsieh C-H, Gassaway J, Smith P. Long-term outcomes of joint replacement rehabilitation patients discharged from skilled nursing and inpatient rehabilitation facilities.

Gerben DeJong; Wenqiang Tian; Randall J. Smout; Susan D. Horn; Koen Putman; Ching-Hui Hsieh; Julie Gassaway; Pamela Smith



A note on the meaning of mixture viscosity using the classical continuum theories of mixtures  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we provide a brief review of the basic equations for the flow of two linearly viscous fluids using the mixture theory equations given in Atkin and Craine [R.J. Atkin, R.E. Craine, Continuum theories of mixtures: applications, J. Inst. Math. Appl. 17 (1976) 153; R.J. Atkin, R.E. Craine, Continuum theories of mixtures: basic theory and historical development, Quart.

Mehrdad Massoudi; Mehrdad



‘Acceptable rebellion’: marketing hipster aesthetics to sell Camel cigarettes in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aim of the present work was to understand why and how RJ Reynolds and other tobacco companies have marketed tobacco products to young adult social trendsetting consumers (termed ‘hipsters’) to recruit trendsetters and average consumers to smoke.MethodsAnalysis of tobacco industry documents and industry marketing materials.ResultsSince 1995, RJ Reynolds developed its marketing campaigns to better suit the lifestyle, image identity

Yogi Hendlin; Stacey J Anderson; Stanton A Glantz



Determination of royal jelly acids in honey  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present work we report on the compounds characteristic of larval food (royal jelly, RJ) of the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) that were identified in 34 different samples of genuine honey and in 3 sugar-adulterated “herbal honeys” by using solid-phase extraction and gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (SPE\\/GC–MS). The unique feature of RJ is a set of C8, C10 and C12

V. A. Isidorov; U. Czy?ewska; E. Jankowska; S. Bakier



The Nexus of Organized Crime and Terrorism: Two Case Studies in Cigarette Smuggling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines two case studies that illustrate how two different types of actors were involved in a cigarette smuggling?terror nexus. The first case examines R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company's alleged deliberate sales of its products in Iraq in contravention of the UN embargo and U.S. law. R.J. Reynolds used criminal actors as suppliers and provided financial compensation to the Kurdistan

Louise I. Shelley; Sharon A. Melzer



Storage-Induced Damage to Red Blood Cell Mechanical Properties Can Be Only Partially Reversed by Rejuvenation  

PubMed Central

Summary Background The storage of red blood cells (RBC) is associated with impairment of their properties that can induce a circulatory risk to recipients. In a preceding study (2009), we reported that post-storage rejuvenation (RJ) of stored RBC (St-RBC) efficiently reduced the storage-induced RBC/endothelial cell interaction, while only partially reversing the level of intracellular Ca2+, reactive oxygen species, and surface phosphatidylserine. In the present study, we examined the RJ effectiveness in repairing St-RBC mechanical properties. Methods RBC, stored in CPDA-1 without pre-storage leukoreduction, were subjected to post-storage RJ, and the deformability, osmotic fragility (OF), and mechanical fragility (MF) of the rejuvenated St-RBC (St-RBCRj) were compared to those of untreated St-RBC and of freshly-collected RBC (F-RBC). Results 5-week storage considerably increased OF and MF, and reduced the deformability of St-RBC. All alterations were only partially (40–70%) reversed by RJ, depending on the extent of the damage: the greater the damage, the lesser the relative effect of RJ. Conclusion The findings of the present and preceding studies suggest that different St-RBC properties are differentially reversed by RJ, implying that some of the changes occur during storage and are irreversible.

Barshtein, Gregory; Gural, Alexander; Manny, Noga; Zelig, Orly; Yedgar, Saul; Arbell, Dan



Effect of royal jelly in ovo injection on embryonic growth, hatchability, and gonadotropin levels of pullet breeder chicks.  


The objectives of this study were to compare the following: (1) hatchability, (2) chicks' body and internal organs weights, and (3) plasma gonadotropin levels of hatchlings after in ovo administration of royal jelly (RJ) on Day 7 of incubation. Fertile eggs (n = 270) were injected into the air sac or yolk sac with 0.5 mL normal saline solution consisting of four formulations (normal saline solution with antibiotics, ultrafiltrate RJ, pure RJ, and RJ with antibiotics). The eggs were randomly divided into nine groups of 30 eggs each: (i) C: the control eggs received no injection, (ii) ASA: air sac-injected eggs received normal saline solution with antibiotics, (iii) ARJ: air sac-injected eggs received pure RJ, (iv) ARJA: air sac-injected eggs received RJ with antibiotics, (v) ARJF: air sac-injected eggs received RJ ultrafiltrate solution, (vi) YSA: yolk sac-injected eggs received normal saline solution with antibiotics, and (vii) YRJ: yolk sac-injected eggs received pure RJ, (viii) YRJA: yolk sac-injected eggs received RJ with antibiotics, and (ix) YRJF: yolk sac-injected eggs received ultrafiltrate RJ solution. Hatchability rate was lower in ARJ (46.7%), ARJA (43.3%), ARJF (43.3%), and YRJF (46.7%) groups than in the control (80.0%; P < 0.05). Hatchability rate in ASA (70.0%), YSA (66.7%), YRJ (66.7%), and YRJA (63.3%) groups were comparable to the control (P > 0.05). In ovo injection of RJ and or RJ with antibiotics in both sacs increased chicks' body weight (CWT), heart weight (HWT), and liver weight (LWT) and FSH and LH levels compared with control (P < 0.05). CWT in YRJ (37.02 g), YRJA (37.03 g), ARJ (36.82 g), and ARJA (36.89 g) groups were higher than control (34.9 g; P < 0.05). Similarly, HWT significantly increased in YRJ (0.22 g), YRJA (0.21 g), ARJ (0.20 g), and ARJA (0.20 g) in comparison to control (0.18 g; P < 0.05). In addition, LWT were higher in YRJ (0.83 g), YRJA (0.82g), ARJ (0.81g), and ARJA (0.81g) than control (0.72 g; P < 0.05). Six hours post-hatch, the mean plasma FSH and LH levels in ARJ (1.13 and 2.80 mIu/mL), YRJ (1.32 and 3.36 mIu/mL), ARJA (1.23 and 2.95 mIu/mL), and YRJA (1.31 and 3.28 mIu/mL) groups were higher than in the control (0.56 and 1.48 mIu/mL, P < 0.05). We concluded that in ovo administration of RJ or RJ with antibiotics might be an effective method to increase CWT, chicks' internal organs weights, and LH and FSH secretion rate without deleterious effect on hatchability. However, further research should be conducted to determine the putative endocrine disruptive effects of RJ and its byproducts. PMID:23726295

Moghaddam, Aliasghar; Karimi, Isaac; Borji, Mohsen; Bahadori, Sirous; Abdolmohammadi, Alireza



Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. XI. CoRoT-8b: a hot and dense sub-Saturn around a K1 dwarf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: We report the discovery of CoRoT-8b, a dense small Saturn-class exoplanet that orbits a K1 dwarf in 6.2 days, and we derive its orbital parameters, mass, and radius. Methods: We analyzed two complementary data sets: the photometric transit curve of CoRoT-8b as measured by CoRoT and the radial velocity curve of CoRoT-8 as measured by the HARPS spectrometer. Results: We find that CoRoT-8b is on a circular orbit with a semi-major axis of 0.063 ± 0.001 AU. It has a radius of 0.57 ± 0.02 RJ, a mass of 0.22 ± 0.03 MJ, and therefore a mean density of 1.6 ± 0.1 g cm-3. Conclusions: With 67% of the size of Saturn and 72% of its mass, CoRoT-8b has a density comparable to that of Neptune (1.76 g cm-3). We estimate its content in heavy elements to be 47-63 {M}_?, and the mass of its hydrogen-helium envelope to be 7-23 {M}_?. At 0.063 AU, the thermal loss of hydrogen of CoRoT-8b should be no more than 0.1% over an assumed integrated lifetime of 3 Ga. Observations made with SOPHIE spectrograph at Observatoire de Haute Provence, France (PNP.07B.MOUT), and the HARPS spectrograph at ESO La Silla Observatory (081.C-0388 and 083.C-0186). The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27, 2006, has been developed and is operated by the CNES with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany, and Spain.Both data sets are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to ( or via

Bordé, P.; Bouchy, F.; Deleuil, M.; Cabrera, J.; Jorda, L.; Lovis, C.; Csizmadia, S.; Aigrain, S.; Almenara, J. M.; Alonso, R.; Auvergne, M.; Baglin, A.; Barge, P.; Benz, W.; Bonomo, A. S.; Bruntt, H.; Carone, L.; Carpano, S.; Deeg, H.; Dvorak, R.; Erikson, A.; Ferraz-Mello, S.; Fridlund, M.; Gandolfi, D.; Gazzano, J.-C.; Gillon, M.; Guenther, E.; Guillot, T.; Guterman, P.; Hatzes, A.; Havel, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lammer, H.; Léger, A.; Mayor, M.; Mazeh, T.; Moutou, C.; Pätzold, M.; Pepe, F.; Ollivier, M.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Rouan, D.; Samuel, B.; Santerne, A.; Schneider, J.; Tingley, B.; Udry, S.; Weingrill, J.; Wuchterl, G.



Laboratory investigation of flux reduction from dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) partial source zone remediation by enhanced dissolution  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study investigated the benefits of partial removal of dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zones using enhanced dissolution in eight laboratory scale experiments. The benefits were assessed by characterizing the relationship between reductions in DNAPL mass and the corresponding reduction in contaminant mass flux. Four flushing agents were evaluated in eight controlled laboratory experiments to examine the effects of displacement fluid property contrasts and associated override and underride on contaminant flux reduction ( Rj) vs. mass reduction ( Rm) relationships ( Rj( Rm)): 1) 50% ethanol/50% water (less dense than water), 2) 40% ethyl-lactate/60% water (more dense than water), 3) 18% ethanol/26% ethyl-lactate/56% water (neutrally buoyant), and 4) 2% Tween-80 surfactant (also neutrally buoyant). For each DNAPL architecture evaluated, replicate experiments were conducted where source zone dissolution was conducted with a single flushing event to remove most of the DNAPL from the system, and with multiple shorter-duration floods to determine the path of the Rj( Rm) relationship. All of the single-flushing experiments exhibited similar Rj( Rm) relationships indicating that override and underride effects associated with cosolvents did not significantly affect the remediation performance of the agents. The Rj( Rm) relationship of the multiple injection experiments for the cosolvents with a density contrast with water tended to be less desirable in the sense that there was less Rj for a given Rm. UTCHEM simulations supported the observations from the laboratory experiments and demonstrated the capability of this model to predict Rj( Rm) relationships for non-uniformly distributed NAPL sources.

Kaye, Andrew J.; Cho, Jaehyun; Basu, Nandita B.; Chen, Xiaosong; Annable, Michael D.; Jawitz, James W.



Royal Jelly Increases Collagen Production in Rat Skin After Ovariectomy  

PubMed Central

Abstract Royal jelly (RJ) is a honeybee product that contains proteins, carbohydrates, fats, free amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. RJ has been reported to have antitumor, antibacterial, and wound-healing activities. We previously reported that RJ enhanced the migration of human dermal fibroblasts and altered the levels of cholesterol and sphinganine in an in vitro wound-healing model in addition to regulating skin photoaging following exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation. We established an animal model of skin aging in the context of estrogen deficiency and assessed the antiaging effects of RJ on skin. To establish an in vivo model of skin aging, bilateral ovariectomies were performed in 12-week-old virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats. Induction of osteoporosis was confirmed through two-dimensional images of the trabecular bone in the left femoral necks using microcomputed tomography. The protective effects of RJ ovariectomy-induced skin aging were examined by determining the protein expression of type I procollagen and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1. The collagen content and epidermal thickness of skin tissue were measured by staining techniques. There was a significant difference in weight between sham-operated and ovariectomized groups. Food efficiency ratio did not differ significantly among the groups. The level of procollagen type I protein was increased in the dorsal skin of ovariectomized rats fed with a dietary supplement containing 1% RJ extract, but the level of MMP-1 was not altered. In particular, the amount of collagen recovered was close to the normal level. RJ may protect against skin aging by enhancing collagen production in rats with ovariectomy-induced estrogen deficiency.

Park, Hye Min; Cho, Min Hyoung; Cho, Yunhi



Interocular symmetry analysis of bilateral eyes.  


Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate the interocular symmetry of several biometric parameters between both eyes. The symmetry between the right and left eye of 397 subjects in 14 biometric parameters, spherical equivalent of refractive error (SE), Jackson crossed cylinder power of refractive error astigmatism with axes at 90° and 180° (RJ0) and at 45° and 135° (RJ45), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), average corneal curvature (CC), Jackson crossed cylinder power of corneal astigmatism (CJ0 and CJ45), corneal asphericity coefficient (Q), intraocular pressure (IOP), central corneal thickness (CCT), axial length (AL), anterior chamber depth (ACD), lens thickness (LT) and vitreous chamber depth (VCD), was assessed by comparative data analysis. Aside from RJ0 (p?=?0.00), RJ45 (p?=?0.02) and Q (p?=?0.00), the overall interocular differences of other biometric parameters between fellow eyes were not significant (p?>?0.05). The interocular correlation and Bland-Altman plots showed a good agreement between fellow eyes in 14 biometric parameters. Correlations between interocular differences in SE and that in RJ0 (p?=?0.03), CC (p?=?0.00), AL (p?=?0.00) and VCD (p?=?0.00) were statistically significant. There were similar strong linear relationships between refractive error astigmatism vectors and corneal astigmatism vectors in bilateral eyes. There were negative correlations of RJ45 and CJ45 between bilateral eyes. A potentially clinically important interocular symmetry in SE, BCVA, CC, CJ0, CJ45, IOP, CCT, AL, ACD, LT and VCD is found in this research, while the differences of RJ0, RJ45 and Q between left and right eyes seem a bit large. The negative interocular relationships of RJ45 and CJ45 demonstrate moderate mirror symmetry exists among fellow eyes. High interocular symmetry in bilateral eyes may be helpful in intraocular lens power calculation, intraocular pressure evaluation, post-operative visual acuity and refraction prediction at the time the fellow eye is undergoing refractive surgery. PMID:24734876

Li, Yi; Bao, Fang Jun



The modulation of cardiac progenitor cell function by hydrogel-dependent Notch1 activation.  


Myocardial infarction is the leading cause of death worldwide and phase I clinical trials utilizing cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs) have shown promising outcomes. Notch1 signaling plays a critical role in cardiac development and in the survival, cardiogenic lineage commitment, and differentiation of cardiac stem/progenitor cells. In this study, we functionalized self-assembling peptide (SAP) hydrogels with a peptide mimic of the Notch1 ligand Jagged1 (RJ) to evaluate the therapeutic benefit of CPC delivery in the hydrogels in a rat model of myocardial infarction. The behavior of CPCs cultured in the 3D hydrogels in vitro including gene expression, proliferation, and growth factor production was evaluated. Interestingly, we observed Notch1 activation to be dependent on hydrogel polymer density/stiffness with synergistic increase in presence of RJ. Our results show that RJ mediated Notch1 activation depending on hydrogel concentration differentially regulated cardiogenic gene expression, proliferation, and growth factor production in CPCs in vitro. In rats subjected to experimental myocardial infarction, improvement in acute retention and cardiac function was observed following cell therapy in RJ hydrogels compared to unmodified or scrambled peptide containing hydrogels. This study demonstrates the potential therapeutic benefit of functionalizing SAP hydrogels with RJ for CPC based cardiac repair. PMID:24974008

Boopathy, Archana V; Che, Pao Lin; Somasuntharam, Inthirai; Fiore, Vincent F; Cabigas, E Bernadette; Ban, Kiwon; Brown, Milton E; Narui, Yoshie; Barker, Thomas H; Yoon, Young-Sup; Salaita, Khalid; García, Andrés J; Davis, Michael E



Genetic Diversity and Geographical Distribution of Indigenous Soybean-Nodulating Bradyrhizobia in the United States  

PubMed Central

We investigated the relationship between the genetic diversity of indigenous soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia and their geographical distribution in the United States using nine soil isolates from eight states. The bradyrhizobia were inoculated on three soybean Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj2Rj3, and Rj4). We analyzed their genetic diversity and community structure by means of restriction fragment length polymorphisms of PCR amplicons to target the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region, using 11 USDA Bradyrhizobium strains as reference strains. We also performed diversity analysis, multidimensional scaling analysis based on the Bray-Curtis index, and polar ordination analysis to describe the structure and geographical distribution of the soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobial community. The major clusters were Bradyrhizobium japonicum Bj123, in the northern United States, and Bradyrhizobium elkanii, in the middle to southern regions. Dominance of bradyrhizobia in a community was generally larger for the cluster belonging to B. elkanii than for the cluster belonging to B. japonicum. The indigenous American soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobial community structure was strongly correlated with latitude. Our results suggest that this community varies geographically.

Shiro, Sokichi; Matsuura, Syota; Saiki, Rina; Sigua, Gilbert C.; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki




Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this paper was to test the h ypothesis that at least 46 counties of Maranhão State may be included into th e Brazilian Semi-arid Zone. Such hypothesis comes from the climatic, social as well economical characteristics prevailing in those counties. In order to do this job, we utiliz ed the Aridity Index. Unfortunately, we only have

O Maranhão; José de Jesus; Sousa Lemos


Acompanhamento do crescimento em crianças menores de um ano: situação nos serviços de saúde em Pernambuco, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A situational diagnosis was performed on infant growth monitoring in Greater Metropolitan Rec- ife and in the interior of the State of Pernambu- co, Brazil, using the database from the Survey on Maternal and Child Health in the State of Per- nambuco, 1998, which included 816 infants (< 1 year of age) and 120 health units. Epi Info ver- sion

Michelle Figueiredo Carvalho; Pedro Israel Cabral de Lira; Sylvia de Azevedo Mello Romani; Iná S. Santos; Ana Amélia Corrêa de Araújo Veras; Malaquias Batista Filho




Microsoft Academic Search

Discussions related to urban environmental quality play important emphasis in the present. Several scientific studies have been developed in order to contribute to developments related to the theme. Among them, many believe the presence of vegetation as an important indicator of urban environmental quality. Although there is no consensual definition, the term used to designate the urban vegetation is \\

Lindon Fonseca Matias; Danúbia Caporusso



Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY By means of standardized methods, the nutritive value of some beetle species that are eaten in Mexico and that of Pachymerus nucleorum from Brazil was analyzed and compared. It is con- cluded that the edible beetles of Mexico and P. nucleorum show a high nutritive value in proteins, amino acids, fats, calories, and minerals. Their ingestion contributes to the

Julieta Ramos-Elorduy; Eraldo Medeiros; Costa Neto; José M. Pino Moreno; Ivonne Landero-Torres; Sergio C. Ángeles Campos; Águeda García Pérez



Participação social nos serviços de saúde: concepções dos usuários e líderes comunitários em dois municípios do Nordeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Social participation in management of the health care system at different levels of government is one of the key policies promoted by the Unified National Health System (SUS) in Brazil. As with any new policy, success hinges on several factors such as stakeholders' interests and opinions, which have not always been considered in the past. This paper analyzes the un-

María Luisa Vázquez; Maria Rejane Ferreira da Silva; Eliane Siqueira Campos; Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda; Alcides da Silva Diniz; Ida Leite Veras; Ana Paula Campos Pereira



Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in sediments from Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon in the urban area of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.  


Regular (non-alkylated) polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their alkylated homologues were determined in sediments from Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon using gas chromatography with mass selective detector (GC-MSD). Concentrations varying from 405 to 11734 ng x g(-1) were found for total PAHs (regular and alkylated homologues). The study showed a pyrogenic and petrogenic contribution, probably due to the incomplete burning of fossil fuels as a result of the intense traffic of boats and motor vehicles added to the anthropogenic activity of several gas stations present in the region of Rodrigo de Freitas Lagoon. According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Sediment Quality Guide, PAHs concentration should not exceed 4000 ng x g(-1) (Long et al., 1995) The obtained data present values above the NOAA limit for some sampling points indicating chronic contamination of those sites probably due to anthropogenic activities related to petroleum and its derivatives. PMID:17365308

Stefens, Josemar; dos Santos, João Henrique Z; Filho, João Graciano Mendonça; Peralba, Maria do Carmo Ruaro



Gravidez na adolescência: perfi l sócio- demográfi co e comportamental de uma população da periferia de São Paulo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

To identify the socio-demographic behavioral profile of low-income pregnant teenagers, 1,000 adolescents admitted to a Brazilian public ma- ternity hospital from July 24, 2001, to November 27, 2002, were interviewed. Socio-demographic and behavioral variables were assessed through a questionnaire. Over the 492 days of the study, 24.3% of admissions were adolescents (930 for childbirth and 70 for miscarriage). Mean ma-

Elisa Chalem; Sandro Sendin Mitsuhiro; Cleusa P. Ferri; Marina Carvalho; Moraes Barros; Ruth Guinsburg; Ronaldo Laranjeira


Atividade da celulase de fungos isolados do solo da Estação Ecológica de Juréia-Itatins, São Paulo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

(recebido: 13 de novembro de 2002; aceito: 27 de novembro de 2003) ABSTRACT - (Cellulase activity of fungi isolated from soil of the Ecological Station of Juréia-Itatins, São Paulo, Brazil). Eighty filamentous fungi strains isolated from soil of the Atlantic rainforest in the Banhado Grande, an Ecological Station region of Juréia-Itatins, São Paulo State, Brazil, were analysed concerning their potential

Marcelo J. S. Ruegger; Sâmia M. Tauk-Tornisielo



Mapas Auto-Organizáveis Aplicados ao Mapeamento do Potencial Mineral na Província Mineral de Carajás, Norte do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A preliminary Self-Organizing Map (SOM) was designed with the aim of integrating and searching for patterns in airborne geological and geophysical gamma-spectrometric and magnetic data of the Serra Leste region, Carajás Mineral Province. SOM is an unsupervised Artificial Neural Network method that performs a non-linear mapping from a high-dimensional data space to a 2-dimensional grid, whereas preserving the topological relations

Emilson Pereira Leite


Perfil clínico-epidemiológico de pacientes com neurocisticercose atendidos no Hospital Universitário Regional de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to drawn an epidemiological and clinical profile of the neurocysticer- cosis (NCC) patients assisted by Hospital Universitário Regional de Maringá. A transversal, retrospective and descriptive study based on 6,100 records of the Neurology, Neuropediatry, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry clinics was done from January\\/1998 to December\\/2004. Of these, 48 were selected with diagnosis of NCC. The

Márcia Regina Benedeti; Dina Lúcia Morais Falavigna; Ana Lúcia Falavigna-Guilherme; Silvana Marques de Araújo



A high spatial resolution outdoor dose rate map of the Rio de Janeiro city, Brasil, risk assessment and urbanization effects.  


Geophysical surveys have been widely used for geological mapping, and with appropriate ground calibration the database can be converted to radiometric surveys. Herein we present a case study of a high resolution map of the City of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, constructed by integrating aerial and in situ (ground) measurements. This allowed assessing the influence of urbanization observed between 1978 and 2009 on radiation external exposure. Radiometric, geological and demographics databases were integrated in a Geographic Information System (GIS) facility. The average absorbed dose rate recorded for the city was 96 ± 0.3 nGy h(-1) and ranged from 22 to 152 nGy h(-1) among districts. The corresponding annual effective dose was determined as 0.09 ± 0.01 mSv. The number of people at risk per year according to the estimated natural radiation levels was 17 ± 1.4, among the 28,000 new cases estimated by the INCA (Brazilian National Cancer Institute) within a population of approximately 6.3 million people. PMID:23933084

Licínio, M V; Freitas, A C; Evangelista, H; Costa-Gonçalves, A; Miranda, M; Alencar, A S



Tabaco, álcool e outras drogas entre adolescentes em Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil: uma perspectiva de gênero  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study assesses the relationship between gender and use of psychoactive substances (al- cohol, nicotine, and illicit drugs) by teenagers. In 2002, a cross-sectional study was carried out in the urban area of Pelotas, southern Brazil. Multi-stage sampling was used to obtain a sam- ple of adolescents, 15 to 18 years of age. Subjects were interviewed using a self-applied confiden-

Rogério Lessa Horta; Bernardo Lessa Horta; Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro; Blanca Morales; Marlene Neves Strey



Conglomerados de homicídios e o tráfico de drogas em Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil, de 1995 a 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents a spatial analysis of homicides in Belo Horizonte according to the Minas Gerais Military Police records from 1995 to 1999. The authors identify clusters of high mortality risk and relate them to areas with drug traffic and associated violence. SaTScan soft-

Cláudio Chaves Beato Filho; Renato Martins Assunção; Bráulio Figueiredo Alves da Silva; Frederico Couto Marinho; Ilka Afonso Reis; Maria Cristina de Mattos Almeida



Ecologia de mosquitos (Diptera, Culicidae) em áreas do Parque Nacional do Iguaçu, Brasil: 1 ­ Distribuição por hábitat  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the mosquito fauna in the Iguaçu National Park focused on population be- havior in four biotopes with different types of plant cover inside the Park. Systematic bimonthly diurnal and nocturnal human bait and Shannon trap captures were conducted in both forest and domiciliary environments over the course of 24 months. A total of 20,273 adult mosquito specimens

Anthony Érico Guimarães; Catarina Macedo Lopes; Rubens Pinto de Mello; Jeronimo Alencar



Mamíferos de médio e grande porte atropelados em rodovias do Estado de Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Running over of mammals on roads of Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Road deaths represent a factor of great impact on fauna. This is probably one of the main causes of mortality, even for threatened species. However, studies on this subject are unknown in Santa Catarina state, southern Brazil. Considering this lack, the present study presents records of medium to

Jorge J. Cherem; Marcelo Kammers; Ivo R. Ghizoni-Jr; Anderson Martins


Uma Análise Tipológica da Dinâmica dos Arranjos e Sistemas Produtivos e Inovativos Locais (Aspil?S) Do Nordeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente trabalho tem como objetivo apresentar a dinâmica produtiva e inovativa dos Arranjos e Sistemas Produtivos e Inovativos Locais (ASPILs), tendo como foco os ASPILs nordestinos. Para tanto, foi utilizado o arcabouço da teoria evolucionária tendo por base o conceito de Sistema Nacional de Inovação do qual gerou a conceituação de ASPIL. Assim, buscou-se apresentar a dinâmica de arranjos

Diogo Araújo Sampaio


Formas Plurais no Franchising de Alimentos: Evid?ncias de Estudos de Caso na França e no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

O problema de formas plurais é importante tema de interesse na literatura dedicada ao franchising. A coexistência de lojas próprias e unidades franqueadas em uma mesma rede é fato bem conhecido, merecendo a grande atenção que vem recebendo dos pesquisadores. Acontece, porém, que formas organizacionais no franchising são mais diferenciadas do que sugere a literatura. De fato, informações oriundas de

Vivian Lara; S. Silva; Paulo Furquim de Azevedo



Microsoft Academic Search

The services provided by the pollinators are directly linked to the reproductive success of the plants, since the transference of the pollen (genetic flow) up to the production of fruits and seeds. Five groups of floral visitors of the umbuzeiro were identified: bees (5 species), ants (6 species), wasps (6 species) and flies (8 families). The potencial pollinators were: Apis

Lílian Santos Barreto; Synara Mattos Leal; Joseane Costa dos Anjos; Marina Siqueira de Castro


Dogmatism and the "Knowledge Gap" among Users of the Mass Media of Communication: A Study in Brasilia, Brasil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to discover whether (1) use of each of the print and broadcast media could be correlated with subjects' knowledge level, and (2) whether controlling for dogmatism would increase the proportion of media users, with higher levels of knowledge among those less dogmatic, and decrease the proportion among the more dogmatic.…

Simmons, Robert E.; Garda, Eduardo Carlos


Estratificação vertical de bromélias epifíticas em diferentes estádios sucessionais da Floresta Ombrófila Densa, Ilha de Santa Catarina, Santa Catarina, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

(recebido: 2 de junho de 2005; aceito: 9 de março de 2006) ABSTRACT - (Vertical stratification of epiphytic bromeliads on different stages of secondary succession of Atlantic Rainforest, in Santa Catarina Island, Santa Catarina, Brazil). The present study aims to characterize the distribution of bromeliads height preference at four sucessional stages (\\



Amamentação e padrões alimentares em crianças de duas coortes de base populacional no Sul do Brasil: tendências e diferenciais  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breastfeeding is fundamental for infant health. However, its median duration in Brazil is very short, and national campaigns since the mid-1980s have attempted to revert this situation. In the present paper, data on breastfeeding are compared for two population-based cohorts of chil- dren born in 1982 and 1993 in the city of Pelotas in Southern Brazil. All hospital births in

Bernardo L. Horta; Maria Teresa A. Olinto; Cesar G. Victora; Fernando C. Barros; Paula R. V. Guimarães



Mortalidade materna: um estudo dos níveis e das causas de óbitos no México e no Brasil entre 2000 e 2004  

Microsoft Academic Search

A mortalidade materna se apresenta como um grave problema social e de saúde pública, representando um importante indicador para avaliar as condições de assistência à saúde feminina. A preocupação com as mortes maternas está relacionada principalmente às repercussões sociais e econômicas que a morte de uma mulher acarreta para as famílias. Isto porque as mulheres assumem atribuições centrais na organização

Ana Paula Belon


A Produção e o emprego industrial no Brasil e o impacto da abertura comercial (1990-2008)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Analisou-se a liberalização comercial, o nível de emprego e a produção industrial no período entre 1990 e 2008. Em 1980, o Modelo de Substituição de Importações (MSI) sofreu com os efeitos retardados de três grandes choques adversos que estrangularam a balança de pagamentos gerando estagflação. Era evidente o MSI tinha se esgotado. O modelo adotado em 1990, o Modelo do

Luis Emmanuel Rodrigues Monteiro


Impasses da energia nucleoeletrica no Brasil na decada de 80. (Nucleoelectric energy dilemma in Brazil in the 1980's).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Production of electrical energy by nuclear reactors is unnecessary in Brazil. This option, which was concrete by the beginning of the 1970's, had its origins in the industrialized countries of the northern hemisphere. It signified a political ideological ...

M. D. P. Darella




Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: A suíte Serrinha localiza-se na porção meridional do Cráton São Francisco e é representada pelo quartzo diorito do Brito, granodiorito Brumado de Cima, granodiorito Brumado de Baixo, dois corpos granofíricos e dois corpos subvulcânicos - vulcânicos félsicos. As relações de campo apontam que os corpos da suíte Serrinha são intrusivos em rochas metamáficas, metaultramáficas e metassedimentares do greenstone belt



The Effect of an Organic Pesticide on Mortality and Learning in Africanized Honey Bees (Apis mellifera L.) in Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven experiments were conducted. First, the influence of the consumption of different concentrations of the organic pesticide Bioganic ® on mortality was assessed at 11 different time intervals in Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) as was direct application of the pesticide to the abdomen. Results indicated that the pesticide was not lethal to bees regardless of concentration at any

Charles I. Abramson; Jordan B. Singleton; Maritza K. Wilson; Paulo A. Wanderley



Novos materiais de Propraopus Ameghino, 1881 (Mammalia, Xenarthra, Cingulata) do Pleistoceno final, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

NEW FOSSIL MATERIAL OF PROPRAOPUS AMEGHINO, 1881 (MAMMALIA, XENARTHRA, CINGULATA) OF THE LATE PLEISTOCENE, RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRAZIL Propraopus Ameghino, 1881 is a genus of Dasypodidae that was widely distributed during the Pleistocene times in South America. In Brazil it was recorded in many localities and distinct latitudes, between the Late Pleistocene and Early Holocene. This work discuss new

Vanessa Gregis Pitana; Ana Maria Ribeiro


Haroldo Leitão Camargo. Uma pré-história do turismo no Brasil: recreações aristocráticas e lazeres burgueses (1808-1850)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Na efeméride dos duzentos anos da chegada da Coroa Portuguesa a ter- ras brasileiras e na esteira das inovações que trouxe consigo — como a cria- ção de instituições de ensino superior, indústrias, imprensa e museus, entre outras —, observamos que a historiografia tem revisitado esses temas. No en- tanto, poucos especialistas têm se debruçado sobre o estudo das formas

Sandra C. A. Pelegrini



Origin and function of the major royal jelly proteins of the honeybee (Apis mellifera) as members of the yellow gene family.  


In the honeybee, Apis mellifera, the queen larvae are fed with a diet exclusively composed of royal jelly (RJ), a secretion of the hypopharyngeal gland of young worker bees that nurse the brood. Up to 15% of RJ is composed of proteins, the nine most abundant of which have been termed major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs). Although it is widely accepted that RJ somehow determines the fate of a female larva and in spite of considerable research efforts, there are surprisingly few studies that address the biochemical characterisation and functions of these MRJPs. Here we review the research on MRJPs not only in honeybees but in hymenopteran insects in general and provide metadata analyses on genome organisation of mrjp genes, corroborating previous reports that MRJPs have important functions for insect development and not just a nutritional value for developing honeybee larvae. PMID:23855350

Buttstedt, Anja; Moritz, Robin F A; Erler, Silvio



Novel vasotocin-regulated aquaporins expressed in the ventral skin of semiaquatic anuran amphibians: evolution of cutaneous water-absorbing mechanisms.  


Until now, it was believed that only one form of arginine vasotocin (AVT)-regulated aquaporin (AQP) existed to control water absorption from the ventral skin of semiaquatic anuran amphibians, eg, AQP-rj3(a) in Rana japonica. In the present study, we have identified a novel form of ventral skin-type AQP, AQP-rj3b, in R. japonica by cDNA cloning. The oocyte swelling assay confirmed that AQP-rj3b can facilitate water permeability. Both AQP-rj3a and AQP-rj3b were expressed abundantly in the ventral hindlimb skin and weakly in the ventral pelvic skin. For the hindlimb skin, water permeability was increased in response to AVT, although the hydroosmotic response was not statistically significant in the pelvic skin. Isoproterenol augmented water permeability of the hindlimb skin, and the response was inhibited by propranolol. These events were well correlated with the intracellular trafficking of the AQPs. Immunohistochemistry showed that both AQP-rj3 proteins were translocated from the cytoplasmic pool to the apical membrane of principal cells in the first-reacting cell layer of the hindlimb skin after stimulation with AVT and/or isoproterenol. The type-b AQP was also found in R. (Lithobates) catesbeiana and R. (Pelophylax) nigromaculata. Molecular phylogenetic analysis indicated that the type-a is closely related to ventral skin-type AQPs from aquatic Xenopus, whereas the type-b is closer to the AQPs from terrestrial Bufo and Hyla, suggesting that the AQPs from terrestrial species are not the orthologue of the AQPs from aquatic species. Based on these results, we propose a model for the evolution of cutaneous water-absorbing mechanisms in association with AQPs. PMID:24654785

Saitoh, Yasunori; Ogushi, Yuji; Shibata, Yuki; Okada, Reiko; Tanaka, Shigeyasu; Suzuki, Masakazu



On the Radii of Brown Dwarfs Measured with AKARI Near-infrared Spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive the radii of 16 brown dwarfs observed by AKARI using their parallaxes and the ratios of observed to model fluxes. We find that the brown dwarf radius ranges between 0.64-1.13 RJ with an average radius of 0.83 RJ . We find a trend in the relation between radii and T eff; the radius is at a minimum at T eff ~ 1600 K, which corresponds to the spectral types of mid- to late-L. The result is interpreted by a combination of radius-mass and radius-age relations that are theoretically expected for brown dwarfs older than 108 yr.

Sorahana, S.; Yamamura, I.; Murakami, H.



Proteome comparison of hypopharyngeal gland development between Italian and royal jelly producing worker honeybees (Apis mellifera L.).  


The hypopharyngeal gland (HG) of the honeybee (Apis mellifera L.) produces royal jelly (RJ) that is essential to feed and raise broods and queens. A strain of bees (high royal jelly producing bee, RJb) has been selected for its high RJ production, but the mechanisms of its higher yield are not understood. In this study, we compared HG acini size, RJ production, and protein differential expressions between the RJb and nonselected honeybee (Italian bee, ITb) using proteomics in combination with an electron microscopy, Western blot, and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR). Generally, the HG of both bees showed age-dependent changes in acini sizes and protein expression as worker behaviors changed from brood nursing to nectar ripening, foraging, and storage activities. The electron microscopic analysis revealed that the HG acini diameter of the RJb strain was large and produced 5 times more RJ than the ITb, demonstrating a positive correlation between the yield and HG acini size. In addition, the proteomic analysis showed that RJb significantly upregulated a large group of proteins involved in carbohydrate metabolism and energy production, those involved in protein biosynthesis, development, amino acid metabolism, nucleotide and fatty acid, transporter, protein folding, cytoskeleton, and antioxidation, which coincides with the fact that the HGs of the RJb strain produce more RJ than the ITb strain that is owing to selection pressure. We also observed age-dependent major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs) changing both in form and expressional intensity concurrent with task-switching. In addition to MRJPs, the RJb overexpressed proteins such as enolase and transitional endoplasmic reticulum ATPase, protein biosynthesis, and development proteins compared to the ITb strain to support its large HG growth and RJ secretion. Because of selection pressure, RJb pursued a different strategy of increased RJ production by involving additional proteins compared to its original counterpart ITb. To our knowledge, this morphological and proteomic comparison study on the HG of the two strains of worker honeybees associated with their age-dependent division of labor is the first of its kind. The study provided not only the quantity and quality differences in the HG from the RJb and the ITb, but also addressed the cellular and behavioral biology development question of how the RJb strain can produce RJ more efficiently than its wild type strain (ITb). PMID:20882974

Jianke, Li; Mao, Feng; Begna, Desalegn; Yu, Fang; Aijuan, Zheng



Reproductive responses following royal jelly treatment administered orally or intramuscularly into progesterone-treated Awassi ewes.  


An experiment was conducted to determine whether natural royal jelly (RJ) paste administered orally or intramuscularly (i.m.) in conjunction with exogenous progesterone is associated with improved reproductive responses in ewes. Thirty 3-6-year-old Awassi ewes were randomly allocated into three (RJ-capsule, RJC; RJ-injection, RJI and control, CON) groups of 10 ewes each. All ewes were treated with intravaginal progesterone sponges for 12 days. Ewes in the RJC and RJI were administered orally or i.m. with a total of 3g of RJ given in 12 equal doses of 250 mg per ewe per day starting at the time of sponge insertion. At the time of sponge withdrawal (day 0, 0 h), ewes were exposed to three rams and checked for breeding marks at 6-h intervals for 3 days. Blood samples were collected from all ewes for analysis of progesterone concentrations. Pretreatment progesterone levels were <0.5 ng x ml(-1) in 16/30 and >1.3 ng x ml(-1) in the remaining ewes indicating luteal function and cyclicity. Similar reproductive responses and progesterone levels occurred in ewes of the RJC and RJI; therefore, data of the two groups were pooled. Following sponge insertion, progesterone levels increased rapidly and reached maximum values of 5.8+/-0.2 ng x ml(-1) within 2 days among ewes of the three groups, and then declined gradually to day 0 values of 1.6+/-0.1 and 1.9+/-0.1 ng x ml(-1) for the RJ-treated and CON ewes, respectively. The rate of progesterone decline was greater (P<0.001) in RJ-treated than in CON. Mean progesterone levels during the 12-day period were lower (P<0.001) in RJ-treated than in CON (2.8+/-0.2 ng x ml(-1) versus 3.3+/-0.2 ng x ml(-1)). Treatment with RJ resulted in greater (P<0.05) incidence of oestrus and shorter (P<0.05) intervals to onset of oestrus than CON. Based upon progesterone levels, ovulation occurred following day 0 in all ewes. Progesterone increased on day 3 in RJ-treated and on day 4 in CON ewes. Progesterone remained elevated through day 18 in 8/20 RJ-treated and 1/10 CON ewes (P=0.09). All pregnant ewes exhibited oestrus 14 h earlier (P<0.02), ovulated approximately 1 day earlier and had higher (P<0.001) luteal phase progesterone levels than non-pregnant ewes. Non-pregnant had higher (P<0.04) body weights than pregnant ewes. In conclusion, results demonstrate that both RJ treatments in conjunction with exogenous progesterone were equally capable of improving oestrus response and pregnancy rate. PMID:12379374

Husein, M Q; Kridli, R T



Evaluation of Ambient Asbestos Concentrations in Buildings Following the Loma Prieta Earthquake  

Microsoft Academic Search

On October 17, 1989, an earthquake struck central, coastal California including San Francisco and the Bay Area, damaging many buildings. Because of concern over the possible exposure to asbestos in the damaged buildings, building owners\\/managers hired several Bay Area industrial hygiene firms to collect air samples in suspect buildings. RJ Lee Group analyzed a total of 419 air samples from

D. R. Vanorden; R. J. Lee; K. M. Bishop; D. Kahane; R. Morse



Preliminary Design Experimental Water Treatment Plant.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

On October 29, 1948, a report (ORNL 48-10-377) prepared by O.R. Placak and R.J. Morton appeared entitled 'Proposal For Evaluating The Impact of Water-Borne Radioactive Contaminants On Sanitary Engineering Facilities'. This report called attention to the n...

C. P. Straub




Microsoft Academic Search

SANTOS, I. B. dos; MIRANDA, L. H. M. de; OKAMOTO, T.; FIGUEIREDO, F. B.; SCHUBACH, T. M. P.; LEME, L. R. P.; QUINTELLA, L. P.; TORTELLY, R. American tegumentary leishmaniose in dogs from Rio de Janeiro, review. Revista Universidade Rural: Série Ciências da Vida, Seropédica, RJ: EDUR, v. 28 n 1, p. 27-38, jan-juh, 2008. American tegumentary leishmaniasis in dogs




The Black University: In Peril Before Birth; Response to Vincent Harding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Response to an article by Professor Vincent Harding in the March, 1969 issue of "Negro Digest addressed to black students and faculty in the North. Supports Professors Harding's contention that an "autonomous black foundation devoted to black studies is imperative and long overdue. (RJ)

Davis, Ronald



Prediction of interest rate using CKLS model with stochastic parameters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Chan, Karolyi, Longstaff and Sanders (CKLS) model is a popular one-factor model for describing the spot interest rates. In this paper, the four parameters in the CKLS model are regarded as stochastic. The parameter vector ?(j) of four parameters at the (J+n)-th time point is estimated by the j-th window which is defined as the set consisting of the observed interest rates at the j'-th time point where j?j'?j+n. To model the variation of ?(j), we assume that ?(j) depends on ?(j-m), ?(j-m+1),…, ?(j-1) and the interest rate rj+n at the (j+n)-th time point via a four-dimensional conditional distribution which is derived from a [4(m+1)+1]-dimensional power-normal distribution. Treating the (j+n)-th time point as the present time point, we find a prediction interval for the future value rj+n+1 of the interest rate at the next time point when the value rj+n of the interest rate is given. From the above four-dimensional conditional distribution, we also find a prediction interval for the future interest rate rj+n+d at the next d-th (d?2) time point. The prediction intervals based on the CKLS model with stochastic parameters are found to have better ability of covering the observed future interest rates when compared with those based on the model with fixed parameters.

Ying, Khor Chia; Hin, Pooi Ah



Resultados Geofísicos Integrados de um Corpo com Geometria 3D sem Manifestação Superficial  

Microsoft Academic Search

Airborne geophysical data of the SP-RJ survey carried out by the Brazilian Geological Survey (CPRM) reveal a magnetic anomaly without geological expression at the surface. The anomalous features are similar to those associated with alkaline complexes that outcrop in the same region. The absence of surface elements motivated the use of different geophysical methods to characterize the magnetic anomaly source.

André Rugenski; Marta Silvia; Maria Mantovani; Wladimir Shukowsky



Agenda December 03, 2002 8:30 - 8:35 am RJ Hine, NSRG Introduction and Purpose 8:35 - 8:40 am P Greenwald Welcome 8:40 - 9:00 am What clues do alterations in genes and gene expression patterns provide about how nutrients or bioactive food components



EPA Science Inventory

Pharmacologic Probing of Amphotericin B-Induced Renal Dysfunction in the Neonatal Rat. Gray, J.A., and Kavlock, R.J. (1988). Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 93, 360-368. Acetazolamide, furosemide, chlorothiazide, and amiloride pharmacologic agents that act primarily in the proximal tub...


Interracial Practice in the Midst of Change  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses changes in race relations in America during the past 20 years and ways in which they have affected psychiatry and psychoanalysis--particularly, the emergence of the new black consciousness, ways of correcting institutional racism, and the need for self-searching among white professionals. (RJ)

Bernard, Viola W.



The Classroom as an Outpatient Kibbutz  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes an approach to consultation with core city elementary schools that utilizes the concept of encouraging children to be helpful to each other--which necessitates a lateral rather than a vertical classroom structure, with decision making and problem solving shared by the children. (RJ)

Kluger, Jules M.




Microsoft Academic Search

Includes: Fifty Years of Public Policy Education, by R.J. (Jim) Hildreth; Biotechnology, Food, and the Environment, by Greg Traxler and Ian M. Sheldon; How Fair 2002?, by Barry L. Flinchbaugh and Lou Swanson; The Emerging Food Supply Chain, by Marvin L. Hayenga and John C. Bernard; Financing and Delivering Rural Health Care, by Lois Wright Morton, Forest W. Calico and




Research in Natural Language Understanding.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report contains an annual summary of BBN's ARPA-sponsored natural language understanding project and two Technical Notes: 'KLONE's Progress,' by R.J. Brachman, and 'Generalizations of ATN Grammars,' by W.A. Woods. The Annual summary includes a list o...

W. A. Woods R. J. Brachman




Microsoft Academic Search

TABAI, K. C.; SALAY, E.; BARBOSA, C. G. Effects of a program for the analysis of food quality on consumer in the city of Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Revista de Ciências da Vida, Seropédica, RJ: EDUR, v. 29, n. 1, jan. - jun., p. 14-26, 2009. The Brazilian National Institute of Metrology & Industrial Quality (INMETRO) carries out a program




EPA Science Inventory

CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS. LM Plitnick1, SE Loveless2, GS Ladics2, MP Holsapple3, MJ Selgrade4, DM Sailstad4 & RJ Smialowicz4. 1UNC, Chapel Hill, NC; 2DuPont Co., Haskell Laboratory, Newark, DE; 3Dow Chemical, Midland, MI & 4USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC....


The American Resignation: The New Assault on Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical analysis of the new school of commentators who have declared that the social problems ignored in the 1950s are less serious than they seem, that nothing is wrong with America that lowering of objectives would not solve, and that the country will be in worse shape if people keep trying to solve these social problems. (RJ)

Miller, S. M.; Ratner, Ronnie Steinberg




EPA Science Inventory

Evaluation of biologically based dose-response modeling for developmental toxicity: a workshop report. Lau C, Andersen ME, Crawford-Brown DJ, Kavlock RJ, Kimmel CA, Knudsen TB, Muneoka K, Rogers JM, Setzer RW, Smith G, Tyl R. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL...



EPA Science Inventory

Cytokine mRNA Profiles for Isocyanates with Known and Unknown Potential to Induce Respiratory Sensitization. Plitnick, L.M., Loveless, S.E., Ladics, G.S., Holsapple, M.P., Smialowicz, R.J., Woolhiser, M.R., Anderson, P.K., Smith, C., Sailstad, D.M. and Selgrade, M.J.K (2002) Tox...


NCI-CCR Pediatric Oncology Branch - Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Profile Listings - Rhonda Robert

Robert RS, Paxton RJ, Palla SL, Yang G, Askins MA, Joy SE, Ater JL. Feasibility, Reliability, and Validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life InventoryT Generic Core Scales, Cancer Module, and Multidimensional Fatigue Scale in Long-Term Adult Survivors of Pediatric Cancer.


Reporter Lead-In  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

News briefs relating to misinformation on racial conflict in Boston; a drive for impeachment of an Indianapolis judge who ordered the implementation of a new desegregation for the city; slavery in Florida; protection for Arizona Indians from the floods; the coming into the limelight of Miles College, Birmingham, Ala.; and other. (RJ)

Race Relations Reporter, 1973



NCI-CCR Pediatric Oncology Branch - Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Profile Listings - Ursula Sansom-Daly

Sansom-Daly, U.M., Peate, M., Wakefield, C.E., Bryant, R.A., Cohn, R.J. (2011, November 7). A Systematic Review of Psychological Interventions for Adolescents and Young Adults Living with Chronic Illness. Health Psychology. Advance online publication.



EPA Science Inventory

Determination of the Potential Susceptibility of the Developing Immune System of the Rat to Immunosuppression by the Pesticide Heptachlor R.J. Smialowicz1 W.C. Williams1, C.B. Copeland1, and R.A. Matulka2 1Office of Research and Development, National Health and Environment...


Empirical model of the Io plasma torus: Voyager measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a description of plasma conditions in the Io plasma torus, between 5 and 10 RJ, based on Voyager 1 observations obtained in March 1979. The model includes updated analyses of Plasma Science (PLS) data obtained along the spacecraft trajectory as well as Ultraviolet Spectrometer (UVS) observations of composition made remotely from Jupiter. The plasma characteristics observed along the

Fran Bagenal



Alternatives and Consequences: Proceedings of the Home Economics-Community Resource Development Regional Conference on Public Policy (Windsor Locks, Connecticut, October. 23-25, 1979).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Issues clarification, skills and techniques, and methods and strategy in Extension public policy education were the themes of the conference. The first keynote speaker, R.J. Hildreth, justified public policy education by home economist and community resource development educators. The second keynote speaker, J.B. Wyckoff, described the function of…

Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development, Ithaca, NY.


Illinois Probes the State Aid Question  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes Illinois's three-part program to give $30 million in direc t aid to parents of non-public school students. Contends that all major st ate programs to give financial aid to non-public schools throughout the nat ion may hang in the balance, pending the outcome in the courts of the Illi nois program. (RJ)

Sutor, David




EPA Science Inventory

Cytokine Profiling for Chemical Sensitizers: Application of the Ribonuclease Protection Assay and Effect of Dose. L.M. Plitnick1, S.E. Loveless3, G.S. Ladics3, M.P. Holsapple4, M.J. Selgrade2, D.M. Sailstad2 and R.J. Smialowicz2. 1UNC, Curriculum in Toxicology, Chapel Hill, NC a...


On the road to compact pulsed power: adventures in materials, electromagnetic modeling, and thermal management  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pulsed power is a technology that is suited to drive applications requiring very large power pulses in short bursts. One such application is the generation of narrowband high power microwaves (HPM's) Barker, RJ et al. (2001). For this application, in addition to high peak power levels, considerable energy per pulse is also required. Whereas capacitor-based pulsed power systems driving HPM

E. Schamiloglu; K. H. Schoenbach; R. J. Vidmar



Curriculum, Pedagogy, and the Cambridge Primary Review: A Response to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to R.J. Campbell's critique of the "Cambridge Primary Review," which was published in the autumn of 2009. The author argues that Campbell's description of the "Review's" central proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking and inadequately theorised" is so misjudged as to call for a…

Armstrong, Michael



Restorative justice in prisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

Restorative justice (RJ) has found significant utility outside the prison setting. For many reasons, it has not received the same level of consideration inside the institution. While not every case can, or perhaps should be considered for restorative justice processing inside the prison, some could easily fall into the broad purview range of restorative and transformative justice. We provide examples

Mandeep K. Dhami; Greg Mantle; Darrell Fox



The Significance of Critical Theory for Restorative Justice in Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Restorative justice (RJ), a distinctive philosophical approach that seeks to replace punitive, managerial structures of schooling with those that emphasize the building and repairing of relationships has been embraced in the past two decades by a variety of school systems worldwide in an effort to build safe school communities. Early studies…

Vaandering, Dorothy



The historical fuel efficiency characteristics of regional aircraft from technological, operational, and cost perspectives  

Microsoft Academic Search

To develop approaches that effectively reduce aircraft emissions, it is necessary to understand the mechanisms that have enabled historical improvements in aircraft efficiency. This paper focuses on the impact of regional aircraft on the US aviation system and examines the technological, operational and cost characteristics of turboprop (TP) and regional jet (RJ) aircraft. Regional aircraft are 40–60% less fuel efficient

Raffi Babikian; Stephen P. Lukachko; Ian A. Waitz



Test instrumentation evaluates electrostatic hazards in fluid system  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

RJ-1 fuel surface potential is measured with a probe to determine the degree of hazard originating from static electricity buildup in the hydraulic fluid. The probe is mounted in contact with the fluid surface and connected to an electrostatic voltmeter.

Collins, L. H.; Henry, R.; Krebs, D.



A Festive Reunion of the Faithful: New South Mythology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a meeting in Tampa, Florida, of some of the principal makers and critics of the New South Creed." Focuses on the men and women whose lives for the last ten or 15 years have been tied with a vision of a new and more human South. (RJ)

Egerton, John




EPA Science Inventory

TISSUE REMODELING IN THE HUMAN LUNG IN RELATION TO PARTICLE CONCENTRATION AND METAL CONTENT. J Gallagher1, J Inmon1, S Schlaegle2, A Levine2, T Rogers3, J Scott1, F Green4, M Schenker5, K Pinkerton5 1NHEERL, US-EPA, RTP, NC, USA; 2RJ Lee Group Inc, Monroeville, Pa, USA; ...


Brain mechanisms and intelligence. Psychometric g and executive function  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sternberg [Sternberg, R.J. (1985). Beyond IQ: a triarchic theory of human intelligence. New York: Cambridge Univ. Press.] has proposed that the general intelligence, or the g factor, obtained when batteries of mental tests are factor analyzed, is a reflection of the fact that executive functions (EF) are common to all cognitive tests. Three lines of evidence that fail to support

Francis M Crinella; Jen Yu



Frontispiece: NMR Fingerprints of the Drug-like Natural-Product Space Identify Iotrochotazine?A: A Chemical Probe to Study Parkinson's Disease.  


(1) H?NMR fingerprints are used to identify novel compounds including iotrochotazine?A. This natural product has activity on a human Parkinson's disease cell model, as reported by R.?J. Quinn and co-workers in their Communication on page?6070?ff. PMID:24903549

Grkovic, Tanja; Pouwer, Rebecca H; Vial, Marie-Laure; Gambini, Luca; Noël, Alba; Hooper, John N A; Wood, Stephen A; Mellick, George D; Quinn, Ronald J



Prospective comparison of D1 vs modified D2 gastrectomy for carcinoma  

Microsoft Academic Search

To compare the outcomes after D1 gastrectomy with those after modified D2 gastrectomy (preserving pancreas and spleen) performed by specialist surgeons for gastric cancer in a large UK NHS Trust. In all, 118 consecutive patients with gastric adenocarcinoma were referred by postcode, to undergo either a D1 gastrectomy (North Gwent (RJ), n=36, median age 76 years, 21 m) or a

P Edwards; G R J C Blackshaw; W G Lewis; J D Barry; M C Allison; D R B Jones




EPA Science Inventory

Henry, T.R., H.E. Bell, C.G. Delos, R.J. Erickson, K.M. Kubena and F.L. Mayer. In press. Revising EPA's Guidelines for the Derivation of Aquatic Life Ambient Water Quality Criteria (Abstract). To be presented at the SETAC Fourth World Congress, 14-18 November 2004, Portland, OR. ...


An Evaluation of Technologies for Identifying Acute Cardiac Ischemia in the Emergency Department: A Report from a National Heart Attack Alert Program Working Group  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Selker HP, Zalenski RJ, Antman EM, Aufderheide TP, Bernard SA, Bonow RO, Gibler WB, Hagen MD, Johnson P, Lau J, McNutt RA, Ornato J, Schwartz JS, Scott JD, Tunick PA, Weaver WD: An evaluation of technologies for identifying acute cardiac ischemia in the emergency department: A report from a National Heart Attack Alert Program Working Group. Ann Emerg Med January

Harry P Selker; Robert J Zalenski; Elliott M Antman; Tom P Aufderheide; Sheilah Ann Bernard; Robert O Bonow; W. Brian Gibler; Michael D Hagen; Paula Johnson; Joseph Lau; Robert A McNutt; Joseph Ornato; J. Sanford Schwartz; Jane D Scott; Paul A Tunick; W. Douglas Weaver



An Evaluation of Technologies for Identifying Acute Cardiac Ischemia in the Emergency Department: Executive Summary of a National Heart Attack Alert Program Working Group Report  

Microsoft Academic Search

[Selker HP, Zalenski RJ, Antman EM, Aufderheide TP, Bernard SA, Bonow RO, Gibler WB, Hagen MD, Johnson P, Lau J, McNutt RA, Ornato J, Schwartz JS, Scott JD, Tunick PA, Weaver WD: An evaluation of technologies for identifying acute cardiac ischemia in the emergency department: Executive Summary of a National Heart Attack Alert Program Working Group report. Ann Emerg Med

Harry P Selker; Robert J Zalenski; Elliott M Antman; Tom P Aufderheide; Sheilah Ann Bernard; Robert O Bonow; W. Brian Gibler; Michael D Hagen; Paula Johnson; Joseph Lau; Robert A McNutt; Joseph Ornato; J. Sanford Schwartz; Jane D Scott; Paul A Tunick; W. Douglas Weaver



A Handbook for Teachers of Italian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook for teachers of Italian consists of a collection of 16 essays by noted professionals in the field of Italian instruction: (1) "Fundamentals of Language Learning and Language Instruction," by A. Papalia; (2) "Linguistic Methodology and the Teacher of Italian," by R.J. Di Pietro; (3) "Preparation for Language Teaching," by F.J. Bosco;…

Mollica, Anthony, Ed.


Protons and Electrons in Jupiter's Magnetic Field: Results from the University of Chicago Experiment on Pioneer 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluxes of high energy electrons and protons are found to be highly concentrated near the magnetic equatorial plane from distances of ~ 30 to ~ 100 Jovian radii (RJ). The 10-hour period of planetary rotation is observed as an intensity variation, which indicates that the equatorial zone of high particle fluxes is inclined with respect to the rotation axis of

J. A. Simpson; G. Lentz; R. B. McKibben; A. Mogro-Campero; M. Perkins; K. R. Pyle; A. J. Tuzzolino; J. J. O'Gallagher



Protons and electrons trapped in the Jovian dipole magnetic field region and their interaction with Io  

Microsoft Academic Search

The University of Chicago experiment on board the Pioneer 10 spacecraft contains four sensor systems, three of which were used to study the trapped radiation region R < 20 Rj. Two of the systems are of novel design. One is a silicon detector operated in the current mode surrounded by sufficient beryllium to stop protons with energies 30 MeV. Electrons

J. A. Simpson; D. C. Hamilton; R. B. McKibben; A. Mogro-Campero; K. R. Pyle; A. J. Tuzzolino



Energetic Electrons in the Jovian Magnetosphere  

Microsoft Academic Search

Detailed analysis of the University of Iowa Pioneer 10 data using several design features of the instrument to accomplish particle species identification shows that the observed counting rates within the magnetosphere of Jupiter were caused primarily by electrons, Ee > 0.06 MeV. This identification holds for the magnetodisc region (r > 20 Rj (Jovian radii)) as well as for the

D. N. Baker; J. A. Van Allen



Diverse plasma populations and structures in Jupiter's magnetotail.  


Jupiter's magnetotail is the largest cohesive structure in the solar system and marks the loss of vast numbers of heavy ions from the Jupiter system. The New Horizons spacecraft traversed the magnetotail to distances exceeding 2500 jovian radii (R(J)) and revealed a remarkable diversity of plasma populations and structures throughout its length. Ions evolve from a hot plasma disk distribution at approximately 100 R(J) to slower, persistent flows down the tail that become increasingly variable in flux and mean energy. The plasma is highly structured-exhibiting sharp breaks, smooth variations, and apparent plasmoids-and contains ions from both Io and Jupiter's ionosphere with intense bursts of H(+) and H(+)(3). Quasi-periodic changes were seen in flux at approximately 450 and approximately 1500 R(J) with a 10-hour period. Other variations in flow speed at approximately 600 to 1000 R(J) with a 3- to 4-day period may be attributable to plasmoids moving down the tail. PMID:17932282

McComas, D J; Allegrini, F; Bagenal, F; Crary, F; Ebert, R W; Elliott, H; Stern, A; Valek, P



78 FR 68091 - Certain Marine Sonar Imaging Devices, Products Containing the Same, and Components Thereof...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Marine House,Cartwright Drive, Fareham PO15 5RJ, United Kingdom In-Tech Electronics Ltd., Unit A, 13/F, Wing Tai Centre, 12 Hing Yip St., Kwun Tong, Kowloon, Hong Kong (3) For the investigation so instituted, the Chief...




EPA Science Inventory

IMPACT OF BODY WEIGHT CHANGE ON THE EDSTAC TIER I MALE AND FEMALE PUBERTAL PROTOCOLS. R.L. Cooper, T.E. Stoker, K. McElroy, J. Ferrell, K. Leffler, K. Bremser and S.C. Laws. Endocrinology Branch, Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, ORD, USEPA, RTP, NC. Sponsor: R.J. Kavl...


Issues concerning the employment and employability of disabled people in UK accounting firms: An analysis of the views of human resource managers as employment gatekeepers  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we consider attitudes of human resource managers towards the employment and employability of disabled people in United Kingdom (UK) accounting firms. Only one study [Duff, A., Ferguson, R.J., in press. Disability and accounting firms: Evidence from the UK. Critical Perspectives on Accounting] has considered the employment of disabled people in accounting firms, despite a growing number of

Angus Duff; John Ferguson; Karen Gilmore



Positive-breakdown regression by minimizing nested scale estimators  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article we present a new class of robust regression estimators. Our main example will be called the least trimmed median estimator (LTM). It is based on the minimization of the objective function if1hp ?hpk=1 medianj |ri(?) ? rj(?)|(k) where hp = [12(n + p + 1)] and the subscript (k) indicates the kth order statistic. It can be

Christophe Croux; Peter J. Rousseeuw; Annemie Van Bael



Nutrition, Cognitive Status and Achievement Motivation of New Delhi Nursery School Children  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Significant differences in IQ and measures of motor development were found between twenty-four inadequately and sixteen adequately nourished New Delhi preschool children from lower middle class homes. Former showed greater variability than the latter, and girls in the former category had lower mean scores than boys in the latter. (RJ)

Werner, Emmy E.; Muralidharan, Rajalakshmi




ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the converging forces in U.S. and Britain responsible for the belief that the educational experience of Hampton and Tuskegee had a particular lesson for Black Africa. Studies the transference of the Tuskegee model to Liberia in the late 1920's and 1930's, and the role of the Phelps-Stokes Foundation of New York. (RJ)

Berman, Edward H.



Use of Rehabilitation and Other Health Care Services by Patients With Joint Replacement After Discharge From Skilled Nursing and Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

DeJong G, Tian W, Smout RJ, Horn SD, Putman K, Smith P, Gassaway J, DaVanzo JE. Use of rehabilitation and other health care services by patients with joint replacement after discharge from skilled nursing and inpatient rehabilitation facilities.

Gerben DeJong; Wenqiang Tian; Randall J. Smout; Susan D. Horn; Koen Putman; Pamela Smith; Julie Gassaway; Joan E. DaVanzo



Characterizing Rehabilitation Services for Patients With Knee and Hip Replacement in Skilled Nursing Facilities and Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

DeJong G, Hsieh C-H, Gassaway J, Horn SD, Smout RJ, Putman K, James R, Brown M, Newman EM, Foley MP. Characterizing rehabilitation services for patients with knee and hip replacement in skilled nursing facilities and inpatient rehabilitation facilities.

Gerben DeJong; Ching-Hui Hsieh; Julie Gassaway; Susan D. Horn; Randall J. Smout; Koen Putman; Roberta James; Michael Brown; Elizabeth M. Newman; Mary P. Foley



A Matter of Choice  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In 2001, in partnership with the Waterloo, Iowa school system, the R.J. McElroy Trust, Janice Freeburg-Cannon, Tri-County Head Start, Allen Health System, the University of Northern Iowa and the Regents' Center for Early Developmental Education created a special model for early childhood education that would eventually become The Freeburg School.…

Pierpont, Katherine



Absorption of trapped particles by Jupiter's moons  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have included absorption effects of the four innermost moons in the radial transport equations for electrons and protons in Jupiter's magnetosphere. We find that the phase space density n at 2 Rj for elec- trons with equatorial pitch angles of <69 ø is reduced by a factor of 4.2 X 104 when lunar absorption is included in the calculation.

W. N. Hess; T. J. Birmingham; G. D. Mead



Education and Economic Equality  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that the present reliance on education as the ultimate policy for curing all problems, economic and social, is unwarranted at best and in all probability, ineffective. Suggests that any time a consensus emerges on the need for more equality, it can be at least partly achieved by making a frontal attack on wage differentials. (RJ)

Thurow, Lester C.



Black Power in the Caribbean Context  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares and contrasts Black Power in the United States and in the West Indies; notwithstanding obvious resemblances, borrowings, and interchanges, racial subjugation, accommodation, and protest in the two realms reflect different types of oppression, different degrees of access to goals, and different divisions of color and race. (RJ)

Lowenthal, David



A new approach to enhance reproductive performance in sheep using royal jelly in comparison with equine chorionic gonadotropin.  


The objective was to compare the effects of royal jelly (RJ) and eCG treatments on reproductive performance of ewes synchronized using intravaginal progesterone-releasing devices. Forty-two cycling Awassi ewes were treated intramuscularly (i.m.) with 15 mg PGF2alpha. On the following day, all ewes were administered with CIDR-G for 12 days and were randomly allocated to three (RJ, eCG and control) groups of 14 ewes each. Ewes in the RJ-treated group received daily i.m. treatments of 400mg RJ during the period of CIDR-treatment. Each ewe in the eCG-treated group received an i.m. treatment of 500 IU eCG at the time of CIDR-G removal (day 0) and no further treatment was given to ewes in the control group. Ewes were exposed to four fertile rams for 72 h, from the time of CIDR-G removal, and checked for breeding marks at 6-h intervals. Blood samples were collected from day -13 until day 0 and thereafter until day 19 for progesterone analysis. Royal jelly treatment resulted in a greater rate of decline and lower (P<0.02) progesterone concentrations between days -10 and 0 than eCG-treated and control ewes. Expression of estrus was similar among the three groups and intervals to onset of estrus were shorter (P<0.01) in RJ-treated (31.3h) and eCG-treated (29.8h) than control (41.3h) ewes. First-cycle pregnancy and lambing rates were greater (P<0.05) in RJ-treated (71.4 and 71.4%) and eCG-treated (85.7 and 78.6%) than in control (42.9 and 35.7%) ewes, respectively. Results demonstrate that the treatments of RJ and eCG in conjunction with CIDR-G were similarly effective in induction of estrus and improvement of pregnancy and lambing rates. PMID:16055281

Husein, M Q; Haddad, S G



Rejection Thresholds in Chocolate Milk: Evidence for Segmentation  

PubMed Central

Bitterness is generally considered a negative attribute in food, yet many individuals enjoy some bitterness in products like coffee or chocolate. In chocolate, bitterness arises from naturally occurring alkaloids and phenolics found in cacao. Fermentation and roasting help develop typical chocolate flavor and reduce the intense bitterness of raw cacao by modifying these bitter compounds. As it becomes increasingly common to fortify chocolate with `raw' cacao to increase the amount of healthful phytonutrients, it is important to identify the point at which the concentration of bitter compounds becomes objectionable, even to those who enjoy some bitterness. Classical threshold methods focus on the presence or absence of a sensation rather than acceptability or hedonics. A new alternative, the rejection threshold, was recently described in the literature. Here, we sought to quantify and compare differences in Rejection Thresholds (RjT) and Detection Thresholds (DT) in chocolate milk spiked with a food safe bitterant (sucrose octaacetate). In experiment 1, a series of paired preference tests was used to estimate the RjT for bitterness in chocolate milk. In a new group of participants (experiment 2), we determined the RjT and DT using the forced choice ascending method of limits. In both studies, participants were segmented on the basis of self-declared preference for milk or dark solid chocolate. Based on sigmoid fits of the indifference-preference function, the RjT was ~2.3 times higher for those preferring dark chocolate than the RjT for those preferring milk chocolate in both experiments. In contrast, the DT for both groups was functionally identical, suggesting that differential effects of bitterness on liking of chocolate products are not based on the ability to detect bitterness in these products.

Harwood, Meriel L.; Ziegler, Gregory R.; Hayes, John E.



Annealed Importance Sampling Reversible Jump MCMC algorithms  

SciTech Connect

It will soon be 20 years since reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJ-MCMC) algorithms have been proposed. They have significantly extended the scope of Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation methods, offering the promise to be able to routinely tackle transdimensional sampling problems, as encountered in Bayesian model selection problems for example, in a principled and flexible fashion. Their practical efficient implementation, however, still remains a challenge. A particular difficulty encountered in practice is in the choice of the dimension matching variables (both their nature and their distribution) and the reversible transformations which allow one to define the one-to-one mappings underpinning the design of these algorithms. Indeed, even seemingly sensible choices can lead to algorithms with very poor performance. The focus of this paper is the development and performance evaluation of a method, annealed importance sampling RJ-MCMC (aisRJ), which addresses this problem by mitigating the sensitivity of RJ-MCMC algorithms to the aforementioned poor design. As we shall see the algorithm can be understood as being an “exact approximation” of an idealized MCMC algorithm that would sample from the model probabilities directly in a model selection set-up. Such an idealized algorithm may have good theoretical convergence properties, but typically cannot be implemented, and our algorithms can approximate the performance of such idealized algorithms to an arbitrary degree while not introducing any bias for any degree of approximation. Our approach combines the dimension matching ideas of RJ-MCMC with annealed importance sampling and its Markov chain Monte Carlo implementation. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm with numerical simulations which indicate that, although the approach may at first appear computationally involved, it is in fact competitive.

Karagiannis, Georgios; Andrieu, Christophe



Epigenetic Modification of Gene Expression in Honey Bees by Heterospecific Gland Secretions  

PubMed Central

Background In the honey bee (Apis mellifera), queen and workers have different behavior and reproductive capacity despite possessing the same genome. The primary substance that leads to this differentiation is royal jelly (RJ), which contains a range of proteins, amino acids, vitamins and nucleic acids. MicroRNA (miRNA) has been found to play an important role in regulating the expression of protein-coding genes and cell biology. In this study, we characterized the miRNAs in RJ from two honey bee sister species and determined their possible effect on transcriptome in one species. Methodology/Principal Findings We sequenced the miRNAs in RJ either from A. mellifera (RJM) or A. cerana (RJC). We then determined the global transcriptomes of adult A. mellifera developed from larvae fed either with RJM (mRJM) or RJC (mRJC). Finally we analyzed the target genes of those miRNA that are species specific or differentially expressed in the two honey bee species. We show that there were differences in miRNA between RJM and RJC, and that transcriptomes of adult A. mellifera were affected by the two types of RJ. A high proportion (23.3%) of the affected genes were target genes of differential miRNAs. Conclusion We show for the first time that there are differences in miRNAs in RJ between A. mellifera and A. cerana. Further, the differences in transcriptomes of bees reared from these two RJs might be related to miRNA differences of the two species. This study provides the first evidence that heterospecific royal jelly can modify gene expression in honey bees through an epigenetic mechanism.

Huang, Zachary Y.; Wang, Zi Long; Yan, Wei Yu; Zeng, Zhi Jiang



Rejection Thresholds in Chocolate Milk: Evidence for Segmentation.  


Bitterness is generally considered a negative attribute in food, yet many individuals enjoy some bitterness in products like coffee or chocolate. In chocolate, bitterness arises from naturally occurring alkaloids and phenolics found in cacao. Fermentation and roasting help develop typical chocolate flavor and reduce the intense bitterness of raw cacao by modifying these bitter compounds. As it becomes increasingly common to fortify chocolate with `raw' cacao to increase the amount of healthful phytonutrients, it is important to identify the point at which the concentration of bitter compounds becomes objectionable, even to those who enjoy some bitterness. Classical threshold methods focus on the presence or absence of a sensation rather than acceptability or hedonics. A new alternative, the rejection threshold, was recently described in the literature. Here, we sought to quantify and compare differences in Rejection Thresholds (RjT) and Detection Thresholds (DT) in chocolate milk spiked with a food safe bitterant (sucrose octaacetate). In experiment 1, a series of paired preference tests was used to estimate the RjT for bitterness in chocolate milk. In a new group of participants (experiment 2), we determined the RjT and DT using the forced choice ascending method of limits. In both studies, participants were segmented on the basis of self-declared preference for milk or dark solid chocolate. Based on sigmoid fits of the indifference-preference function, the RjT was ~2.3 times higher for those preferring dark chocolate than the RjT for those preferring milk chocolate in both experiments. In contrast, the DT for both groups was functionally identical, suggesting that differential effects of bitterness on liking of chocolate products are not based on the ability to detect bitterness in these products. PMID:22754143

Harwood, Meriel L; Ziegler, Gregory R; Hayes, John E



Protective effect of royal jelly on fertility and biochemical parameters in bleomycin-?induced male rats.  


Background: Bleomycin (BL) is a glycopeptide antibiotic obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces verticillus which is routinely used for treatment of human cancers. Royal jelly (RJ) is a production from the hypo pharyngeal, mandibular and post cerebral glands of nurse bees. RJ consists of 66% water, 15% sugars, 5% lipids, and 13% proteins, essential amino acids and vitamins. Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate protective effect of royal jelly on sperm parameters and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in rat. Materials and Methods: Forty adult male wistar rats (220±20gr) were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10). Control group (CG) received normal saline 10 ml/kg twice a week with Intraperitoneal (I.P) for 48 days (0.3 ml/rat(. Royal Jelly group (RJG) received jelly (100 mg/kg daily) for 48 days orally. Bleomycin group (BLG) received BL (10 mg/kg twice a week) with I.P for 48 days. Royal Jelly+ Bleomycin group (RJ+BLG) received royal Jelly (100 mg/kg /day) orally concomitant with BL administration. Sperm count, motility, and viability were investigated and chromatin quality and DNA integrity were also analyzed. Serum testosterone and MDA concentrations were measured as well. Results: BL caused decline significantly (p<0.05) sperm count, sperm viability, motility as well as testosterone concentration compared to control group while significant (p<0.05) increases in immature sperm, sperm with damaged DNA and MDA concentration were announced in BL in comparison with CG and RJ+BLG. Royal jelly improved Bleomycin-induced toxicity on sperm parameters and testosterone and MDA concentrations. Conclusion: The present results support the idea that BL adversely affects sperm parameters and MDA and the RJ with antioxidant properties has positive effects on these parameters. This article extracted from M.Sc. thesis. (Tayebeh amirshahi). PMID:24799882

Amirshahi, Tayebeh; Najafi, Gholamreza; Nejati, Vahid



Reversion of a transcriptionally defective MHC class II-negative human B-cell mutant.  

PubMed Central

RJ2.2.5, a mutant derived from the human B-lymphoma cell, Raji, is unable to express the MHC class II genes because of a recessive transcriptional defect attributed to the lack of an activator function. We report the isolation of a RJ2.2.5 revertant, namely AR, in which the expression of the mRNAs encoded by these genes is restored. Comparison of the binding of nuclear extracts or of partially purified nuclear preparations from the wild-type, the mutant and the revertant cells to a conserved MHC class II promoter element, the X-box, showed no alteration in the mobility of the complexes thus formed. However, in extracts from RJ2.2.5, and other MHC class II negative cell lines, such as HeLa, the amount of complex observed was significantly higher than in wild-type Raji cells. Furthermore, the binding activity exhibited by the AR revertant was lower than that of the RJ2.2.5 and higher than that of Raji. The use of specific monoclonal antibodies indicated that in all cases c-Jun and c-Fos or antigenically related proteins were required for binding. An inverse correlation between the level of DNA-protein complex formed and the level of MHC class II gene mRNA expressed in the three cell lines was apparent, suggesting that overexpression of a DNA binding factor forming complexes with class II promoter elements may cause repression of MHC class II transcription. A model which reconciles the previously ascertained recessivity of the phenotype of the mutation carried by RJ2.2.5 with the findings reported here is discussed. Images

Ombra, M N; Perfetto, C; Autiero, M; Anzisi, A M; Pasquinelli, R; Maffei, A; Del Pozzo, G; Guardiola, J



Protective effect of royal jelly on fertility and biochemical parameters in bleomycin-?induced male rats  

PubMed Central

Background: Bleomycin (BL) is a glycopeptide antibiotic obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces verticillus which is routinely used for treatment of human cancers. Royal jelly (RJ) is a production from the hypo pharyngeal, mandibular and post cerebral glands of nurse bees. RJ consists of 66% water, 15% sugars, 5% lipids, and 13% proteins, essential amino acids and vitamins. Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate protective effect of royal jelly on sperm parameters and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in rat. Materials and Methods: Forty adult male wistar rats (220±20gr) were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10). Control group (CG) received normal saline 10 ml/kg twice a week with Intraperitoneal (I.P) for 48 days (0.3 ml/rat(. Royal Jelly group (RJG) received jelly (100 mg/kg daily) for 48 days orally. Bleomycin group (BLG) received BL (10 mg/kg twice a week) with I.P for 48 days. Royal Jelly+ Bleomycin group (RJ+BLG) received royal Jelly (100 mg/kg /day) orally concomitant with BL administration. Sperm count, motility, and viability were investigated and chromatin quality and DNA integrity were also analyzed. Serum testosterone and MDA concentrations were measured as well. Results: BL caused decline significantly (p<0.05) sperm count, sperm viability, motility as well as testosterone concentration compared to control group while significant (p<0.05) increases in immature sperm, sperm with damaged DNA and MDA concentration were announced in BL in comparison with CG and RJ+BLG. Royal jelly improved Bleomycin-induced toxicity on sperm parameters and testosterone and MDA concentrations. Conclusion: The present results support the idea that BL adversely affects sperm parameters and MDA and the RJ with antioxidant properties has positive effects on these parameters. This article extracted from M.Sc. thesis. (Tayebeh amirshahi)

Amirshahi, Tayebeh; Najafi, Gholamreza; Nejati, Vahid



Soil carbon stocks in response to management changes due to vinasse application in sugarcane production in southeast of Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Brazilian commodities, such as ethanol, are looking for sustainable production to suit the international market demands. Thus, studies about variations in soil carbon (C) stocks on the ethanol production are essential. Researches in relation of land use change are already been developed; however information about management changes on the sugarcane production is needed. According to Six et al. (2004) changing the management to conservationist practices can provide an organic matter accumulation to the soil and in a long-term, can increase the soil C stocks. The vinasse is a waste product of the sugarcane industry fuel which contains potassium and considerable quantities of other mineral nutrients. It is estimated that for each litre of ethanol produced is generated approximately 13 L of vinasse. Nowadays, almost all vinasse is applied to the soil as fertigation (Soares et al., 2009). The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes in soil C stocks after the management change with or without vinasse application into sugarcane production in southeast Brazil. The soil sampling was carried out in a fuel industry located in São Paulo state, on July 2013. This area was always used a conventional management at least 34 years with application of mineral fertilizer. However, in the mid of 1990, one part of this area started to use vinasse as source of potassium in sugarcane production. In view of this, we conducted the experiment in these two areas of conventional management: i) without vinasse and ii) with vinasse application. Soil samples were collected in the nine trenches in each site: three trenches at 1 m soil depth and six mini-trenches up to 0.3 m. Samples were used to calculate the bulk density using the undisturbed method with a steel cylinder. Total C was measured by dry combustion on Carbon Analyzer - LECO® CN 2000®. The results showed that C content was a decrease with an increase soil depth. Soil C stocks for areas without vinasse application and vinasse application at 1 m depth were 117.23 Mg ha-1 and 126.92 Mg ha-1, and at 0.3 m depth we found 50.34 Mg ha-1 and 55.54 Mg ha-1, respectively. It represented an increase 8.3% and 10.3% in soil C stocks in areas with vinasse application at 1 m and 0.3 m soil depth. This information may be used as a basis for public policies decision which dealing of the land use and global warming. The scientific information obtained in this research will be included in carbon footprint calculation of ethanol production and its use as biofuel. References Ellert B.H., Bettany J.R. 1995. Calculation of organic matter and nutrients stored in soils under contrasting management regimes. Can. J. Soil Sci. 75:529-538. Six J., Ogle S.M., Breidt F.J., Conant R.T., Mosier A.R., Paustian K. 2004. The potential to mitigate global warming with no-tillage management is only realized when practiced in the long term. Glob. Chang. Biol. 10:155-160. Soares L.H.B., Alves B.J.R., Urquiaga S., Boddey R.M. 2009. Mitigação das emissões de gases efeito estufa pelo uso de etanol da cana-de-açúcar produzido no Brasil. Embrapa Agrobiologia, Seropédica, RJ. 14p. (Circular Técnica, 27).

Fernandes Zani, Caio; Simoes Barneze, Arlete; Clemente Cerri, Carlos



76 FR 36923 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...York heading, the entry for Banco do Brasil S.A., Brasilia, Brazil, is revised...New York 10045-0001: 1. Banco do Brasil S.A., Brasilia, Brazil, and Caixa de Previdencia dos Funcionarios do Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; to...



Associação entre aves e flores de duas espécies de árvores do gênero Erythrina (Fabaceae) na Mata Atlântica do sudeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Association between birds and flowers of two species of trees of the genus Erythrina (Fabaceae) in the Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil. Flowers are considered important resources in the diet of birds during the dry season. We studied the interaction between birds and two species of the trees of genus Erythrina (E. falcata and E. verna) at four localities in

Ricardo Parrini; Marcos A. Raposo



Aplicação de dados SRTM, sensoriamento remoto e SIG em etnomapeamento: o caso da Terra Indígena Kampa do Rio Amônia na fronteira Brasil-Acre\\/Peru-Ucayali  

Microsoft Academic Search

Indigenous lands occupy 12% of Brazil and are not considered conservation units. While they are an essential instrument for protection of indigenous cultures, these lands also conserve natural resources and maintain environmental services. Ethnic mapping of indigenous lands has become an important tool for Indigenous management of these lands. In the case of the Kampa Indigenous Land of the Amonia

Antonio Willian; Flores de Melo


Landslide Susceptibility Analysis by the comparison and integration of Random Forest and Logistic Regression methods; application to the disaster of Nova Friburgo - Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (January 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of landslide susceptibility by multivariate statistical methods is based on finding a quantitative relationship between controlling factors and landslide occurrence. Such studies have become popular in the last few decades thanks to the development of geographic information systems (GIS) software and the related improved data management. In this work we applied a statistical approach to an area of high landslide susceptibility mainly due to its tropical climate and geological-geomorphological setting. The study area is located in the south-east region of Brazil that has frequently been affected by flood and landslide hazard, especially because of heavy rainfall events during the summer season. In this work we studied a disastrous event that occurred on January 11th and 12th of 2011, which involved Região Serrana (the mountainous region of Rio de Janeiro State) and caused more than 5000 landslides and at least 904 deaths. In order to produce susceptibility maps, we focused our attention on an area of 93,6 km2 that includes Nova Friburgo city. We utilized two different multivariate statistic methods: Logistic Regression (LR), already widely used in applied geosciences, and Random Forest (RF), which has only recently been applied to landslide susceptibility analysis. With reference to each mapping unit, the first method (LR) results in a probability of landslide occurrence, while the second one (RF) gives a prediction in terms of % of area susceptible to slope failure. With this aim in mind, a landslide inventory map (related to the studied event) has been drawn up through analyses of high-resolution GeoEye satellite images, in a GIS environment. Data layers of 11 causative factors have been created and processed in order to be used as continuous numerical or discrete categorical variables in statistical analysis. In particular, the logistic regression method has frequent difficulties in managing numerical continuous and discrete categorical variables together; therefore in our work we tried different methods to process categorical variables , until we obtained a statistically significant model. The outcomes of the two statistical methods (RF and LR) have been tested with a spatial validation and gave us two susceptibility maps. The significance of the models is quantified in terms of Area Under ROC Curve (AUC resulted in 0.81 for RF model and in 0.72 for LR model). In the first instance, a graphical comparison of the two methods shows a good correspondence between them. Further, we integrated results in a unique susceptibility map which maintains both information of probability of occurrence and % of area of landslide detachment, resulting from LR and RF respectively. In fact, in view of a landslide susceptibility classification of the study area, the former is less accurate but gives easily classifiable results, while the latter is more accurate but the results can be only subjectively classified. The obtained "integrated" susceptibility map preserves information about the probability that a given % of area could fail for each mapping unit.

Esposito, Carlo; Barra, Anna; Evans, Stephen G.; Scarascia Mugnozza, Gabriele; Delaney, Keith




Microsoft Academic Search

Recognized in the State of São as one of the last f rontiers of development paulista, the Pontal do Par anapanema, has its main base in the agricultural economy, but needs to further diversify and increase technology. Order to support actions of public and private actors with r egard to rural development, this work had as main o bjective to

Ricardo Firetti; Vanderlei José Sereia; Eduardo Cardoso de Oliveira; Antônio Assiz de Carvalho



Microsoft Academic Search

This article analyzes the exportation of soy, and other derived products, in Brazil and in Paraná state, from 1990 to 2007. The methodological procedures consist of identification of the most representative products of the chain - the soy in grain, the soy bran and soy oil, and analysis of the results using the Constant Market-Share (CMS) model. The sources of

Carlos Eduardo Caldarelli; Marcia Regina Gabardo Camara; Vanderlei Jose Sereia



Density and Magnetic Susceptibility of Pre-Cambrian Rocks in Southeastern Brazil Densidade E Suscetibilidade Magnetica de Rochas Pre-Cambrianas Do Se Do Brasil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Density and magnetic susceptibility measurements of different rocks from SE Brazil were done with the aim to estimate some physical properties of the main rock formations of this area. Although the results could be affected in some regions by insufficient...

A. P. Padilha



Early Detection of Malaria Epidemics in Brazil: a Proposal for Automation Detecção precoce de epidemias de malária no Brasil: uma proposta de automação  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary In Brazil, 99% of reported malaria cases occur in the Amazon Region. To date, however, an automated system has not yet been defined to detect epidemics in this area. This study proposes several statistical methods that could be useful for early detection of malaria epidemics. Five types of graphs were investigated: average +1.96 standard deviations (Cullen method); inter-quartile range

Rui Moreira Braz; Pauline Lorena Kale; Rio de Janeiro-RJ



Bactérias transportadas em mutucas (Diptera: Tabanidae) no nordeste do estado do Pará, Brasil Bacteria transported by horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) in the northeast of Pará State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Os insetos da família Tabanidae (Diptera), conhecidos vulgarmente como mutucas, são considerados potenciais pragas ao homem e animais domésticos pelo comportamento hematófago de suas fêmeas. São capazes de transportar mecanicamente vírus, bactérias e helmintos, pelo fato desses patógenos aderirem-se à estrutura da probóscide. As coletas dos insetos foram realizadas em áreas peri-urbanas e florestadas, utilizando-se armadilhas Malaise e cavalos

Willy Cristiano Luz-Alves; Inocêncio de Sousa Gorayeb; José Caetano Lima Silva; Edvaldo Carlos; Brito Loureiro


Efeitos da Exploração Madeireira de Baixo Impacto sobre uma Comunidade de Aves de Sub-bosque na Floresta Nacional do Tapajós, Pará, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO Este estudo compara a resposta de uma comunidade aves à exploração madeireira de baixo impacto através da distribuição das espécies em floresta controle e manejada ao longo de cinco anos com amostragem pré e pós-exploração. O procedimento de ordenação mostrou que a similaridade da comunidade de aves após a exploração madeireira foi menor que a similaridade entre as amostras

Luiza Magalli; Pinto HENRIQUES; Joseph M. WUNdERLE; C. OREN; Michael R. WILLIG


Parvovirus B19 infections in state of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: 526 sera analyzed by IgM-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and polymerase chain reaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study were analyzed 526 sera; the patients aged from two days to 65 years old presenting exanthema, which was the most frequent symptom observed, besides fever, adenomegaly, and arthralgia. These sera were nega- tive by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (IgM-ELISA) for either rubella (495), toxoplasma (41), cytomegalovi- rus (12), measles (40), dengue (56), and they were submitted to nested

MCL Mendonça; SB Ribeiro; JNSS Couceiro; MG von Hubinger



Oxacilin-resistant Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) bacteremia in a general hospital at S?o Paulo city, Brasil  

PubMed Central

In the last decades, coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS), especially Staphylococcus epidermidis have become an important cause of bloodstream infections. In addition, rates of methicillin-resistance among CoNS have increased substantially, leading to the use of glicopeptides for therapy. The objective of this study was to evaluate eleven consecutives clinically relevant cases of oxacillin-resistant CoNS bacteremia in a general hospital localized in São Paulo city, Brazil. Five different species were identified by different phenotypic methods, including S. epidermidis (5), S. haemolyticus (3), S. hominis (1), S. warneri (1) and S. cohnii subsp urealyticus (1). A variety of Pulsed Field Gel Electrophoresis profiles was observed by macrorestriction DNA analysis in S. epidermidis isolates, but two of three S. haemolyticus isolates presented the same profile. These data indicated the heterogeneity of the CoNS isolates, suggesting that horizontal dissemination of these microorganisms in the investigated hospital was not frequent. One S. epidermidis and one S. haemolyticus isolates were resistant to teicoplanin and susceptible to vancomycin. The selective pressure due to the use of teicoplanin in this hospital is relevant.

d'Azevedo, P.A.; Secchi, C.; Antunes, A.L.S.; Sales, T.; Silva, F.M.; Tranchesi, R.; Pignatari, A.C.C.



A fauna de Rotallida (Foraminiferida) da borda do recife de Itacimirim, Bahia, Brasil: um estudo comparativo do sedimento e das algas como substrato  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to compare the Rotaliida fauna (Foraminiferida) that lives in the sediment with that attached on algae from the Itacimirim's reef border, Bahia's north coast. Six samples of sediment and six of algae were collected in sites distributed along the reef border. The first 200 foraminnifers of each sample were selected, identified and the specimens belonging to the

Yonara S. Braga; Altair J. Machado; Simone S. Moraes



Factores de la deserción escolar en Brasil. El papel de la paternidad temprana, la mano de obra infantil y la pobreza  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims to identify the major factors that lead to school abandonment in an urban surrounding, namely, the shantytowns of Fortaleza, northeast Brazil. We use an extensive survey addressing risk factors faced by the population in these neighborhoods, which covered both in-school and out-of-school youth of both genders. The role of early parenthood, child labor, and poverty in pushing

Ana Rute Cardoso; Dorte Verner



Magnetic fabric and emplacement mechanisms in a co-mingled mafic and felsic magma chamber: the Espinharas granite (Borborema Province, NE Brasil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Espinharas granite is a co-mingled mafic and felsic magmatic complex forming part of the widespread Brasiliano plutonism that affected the Borborema Province during the Neoproterozoic. Syenogranite is mixed and mingled with diorite generating a range of aluminous shoshonitic hybrid rocks containing mafic microgranular enclaves (MME) of various shapes and orientations. Geochemical modelling shows that the pluton originated by upper-mantle magma underplating and fault-assisted intrusion of diorite, which would supply heat for partial melting of the crust and formation of syenogranite. The Espinharas granite comprises syenogranites and diorites associated with quartz-monzonites, monzodiorites and syenites mainly deformed in the magmatic state. The pluton is emplaced within Paleoproterozoic augen gneisses from the basement and is bounded by high-temperature NE-trending mylonitic shear zones at its western and eastern borders. To the south, the pluton is in contact with the E-trending high-grade transpressional Patos shear zone. Magmatic foliations can be observed throughout the syenogranite and in the felsic rocks, being defined by a SPO of feldspars and quartz. However, they appear to be absent in the diorite. The microgranular enclaves display irregular contacts with the host syenogranite and may be often aligned in agreement with the magmatic foliation; they are also randomly dispersed and disrupted by monzo- to syenogranitic veins. The Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility (AMS) technique was employed in order to investigate the mechanical relationships between mingled mafic and felsic magmas, as well as their emplacement mechanisms. Susceptibilities are usually high (k > 1.3 mSI), suggesting that Ti-magnetite is the main carrier of the magnetic signal. The magnetic lineation plunges shallowly to NE, parallel to the pluton main elongation axis. Zircons from diorite and syenogranite yield U-Pb (SHRIMP) ages of ~ 620 Ma, which are attributed to the crystallization of the granite and are younger than the main metamorphic event in the Seridó Belt (~ 575 Ma). These data suggest that the magnetic fabric of the Espinharas granite records the high-temperature deformation observed in the Seridó Belt. This deformation was active during a prolonged time range (~ 100 Ma) in a hybrid magmatic chamber emplaced in the middle- to shallow continental crust. These conditions indicate that the Patos shear zone controlled the development of the magmatic- to solid-state fabric of the Espinharas granite, highlighting the contribution of strain partitioning in the mechanical mingling of magmas in the continental crust.

Viegas, G.; Gouveia, F.; Archanjo, C.; Hollanda, M.



Ocorrência de carrapatos em tamanduá-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) e tamanduá-mirim (Tamandua tetradactyla) na região do Pantanal Sul Mato-Grossense, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of ticks on anteaters in the Pantanal region, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, between March and February 2001 is described. Tick species identified were Amblyomma cajennense (123 males and 63 females), A. parvum (35 males, 67 females) and A. nodosum (2 males), species considered as specific of anteater in its adult phase. A. cajennense was found in

João Ricardo Martins; Ísis Meri Medri; Carlos Marcos Oliveira; Alberto Guglielmone



Diversidade de helmintos intestinais em mamíferos silvestres e domésticos na Caatinga do Parque Nacional Serra da Capivara, Sudeste do Piauí, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biodiversity studies allow ecosystem assessment and monitoring of environmental changes and impacts. Parasite diversity could reflect the host\\/ parasite coevolutionary process and the environment changes that permit the loss, gain or maintenance of species. This survey used species\\/morphotypes of helminths eggs found in feces from seven wild mammal species (the groups Dasypodidae and Large Cats, and Tamandua tetradactyla, Cebus apella,

Martha Lima Brandão; Marcia Chame; José Luis Passos Cordeiro; S. A. de M. Chaves



Caracterização do microhabitat e vulnerabilidade de cinco espécies de arapaçus (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae) em um fragmento florestal do norte do estado do Paraná, sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microhabitat characterization and vulnerability of five woodcreeper (Dendrocolaptidae) species in a forest fragment in northern state of Paraná, southern Brazil. Little information is available on the ecological requirements of the woodcreepers (Aves: Dendrocolaptidae), and on the causes of their tendency to disappear from forest fragments in the Neotropics. Here, we documented microhabitat selection of five syntopic species of woodcreepers in

Fabíola Poletto; Luiz dos Anjos; Edson Varga Lopes; Graziele Hernandes Volpato



O Direito Costumeiro na Legislacao e na Jurisprudencia do Brasil: A Desescravizacao (Common Law in Legislation and Jurisprudence in Brazil: Abolition of Slavery).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates that in Brazil, common law was an important component for development of the political project, elaborated with the objective of organizing and disciplining the formation of a market of free workers. Considers that the history of work relations originated in the Portuguese discovery of Brazil in the 16th century. (BT)

Gebara, Ademir



A Ideia de Universidade no Brasil: Influencia do Movimento de Cordoba (The Idea of the University in Brazil: Influences of the Cordoba Movement).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines influences of the Cordoba Movement in formulation of ideas concerning the inseparability among teaching, research, and extension--a new paradigm for the Brazilian university. Finds the formulation of this inseparability had its origins in the Brazilian student movement of the 1960s which included theses of the Cordoba Manifesto. (BT)

Mazzilli, Sueli



Cidadania Negada: A Educacao como Instrumento de Combate a Pobreza no Brasil (Denial of Citizenship: Education as a Way to Fight Poverty in Brazil).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Compares two compensatory social/educational programs developed by the Brazilian government in the last 15 years. States that although one was formulated during the military regime and one during the present government, they both combat poverty and encourage privatization. Concludes that this promotes a process that sees education as social…

Germano, Jose Willington



Teores de ácido anacárdico em pedúnculos de cajueiro Anacardium microcarpum e em oito clones de Anacardium occidentale var. nanum disponíveis no Nordeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anacardic acid, a phenolic compound present in cashew apple and in some medicinal plants, is being associated to some specific biological effects. The purpose of this work was to determine anacardic acid content in peduncles of A. microcarpum and eight clones of A. occidentale from Northeastern Brazil, evaluating some physical-chemical and sensory characteristics of these peduncles. Cashew apples from BRS

Tânia da Silveira Agostini-Costa; Katiane Arrais Jales; Deborah dos Santos Garruti; Viviane Azevedo Padilha; Jedaias Batista de Lima; Maria de Jesus Aguiar; João Rodrigues de Paiva



Produção de frutos e distribuição espacial de angiospermas com frutos zoocóricos em uma Floresta Ombrófila Mista no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fruit production and spatial distribution of animal-dispersed angiosperms in a Mixed Ombrophilous Forest in State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). We investigated, during 14 months, patterns of fruit production of animal dispersed angiosperms in a patch of Mixed Ombrophilous Forest (MOF) in the National Park of Aparados da Serra, State of Rio Grande do Sul, south Brazil. For a

Gabriela Paise; Emerson M. Vieira



Avaliação do impacto ambiental do uso e ocupação da terra na sub-bacia hidrográfica do Rio Vacacaí-Mirim\\/RS-Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study aimed to evaluate the impacts of landuse in the watershed Vacacaí-Mirim River, located in the central region of Rio Grande do Sul (Brazil) for the lifting of the use and coverage of the earth were used topographic charts of Camobi and Santa Maria, on the scale of 1:50,000, and images CCD\\/CBERS 2 were used (October 2006) 3B4R2G composition.

Aline Batista Ferreira


Simulated Extreme Prepitation Indices over Northeast Brasil in Current Climate and Future Scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we analyzed extreme precipitation indices, for present and future modeled climates over Northeast of Brazil (NEB), from CORDEX simulations over the domain of Tropical Americas. The period for the model validation was from 1989-2007, using data from the European Center (ECWMF) Reanalysis, ERA-INTERIM, as input to drive the regional model (RAMS 6.0). Reanalysis data were assimilated via both lateral boundaries and the entire domain (a much weaker "central nudging"). Six indices of extreme precipitation were calculated over NEB: the average number of days above 10, 20 and 30 mm in one year (R10, R20, R30), the number of consecutive dry days (CDD), the number of consecutive wet days (CWD) and the maximum rainfall in five consecutive days (RX5). Those indices were compared against two independent databases: MERRA (Modern Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications) and TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission). After validation, climate simulations were performed for the present climate (1985-2005) and short-term (2015-2035), mid-term (2045-2065) and long-term (2079 to 2099) future climates for two scenarios: RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, nesting RAMS into HadGEM2-ES global model (a participant of CMIP5). Along with the indices, we also calculated Probability Distribution Functions (PDFs) to study the behavior of daily precipitation in the present and by the end of the 21st century (2079 to 2099) to assess possible changes under RCPs 4.5 and 8.5. The regional model is capable of representing relatively well the extreme precipitation indices for current climate, but there is some difficulties in performing a proper validation since the observed databases disagree significantly. Future projections show significant changes in most extreme indices. Rnn generally tend to increase, especially under RCP8.5. More significant changes are projected for the long-term period, under RCP8.5, which shows a pronounced R30 enhancement over northern states. CDD tends to decrease over most of NEB in the short but this trend is reverted toward the end of the century in both scenarios with a significant increase in the duration of the dry season over Northwestern and Eastern NEB (exceeding 50 days over certain areas), whereas projected CWD changes are smaller. Rx5 shows a general increasing trend especially in the long term period,under RCP8.5.

Wender Santiago Marinho, Marcos; Araújo Costa, Alexandre; Cassain Sales, Domingo; Oliveira Guimarães, Sullyandro; Mariano da Silva, Emerson; das Chagas Vasconcelos Júnior, Francisco



Área Temática: Operações Avaliação do Nível de Serviço de Operadores Logísticos no Brasil: uma Aplicação de Análise Fatorial e Regressão Logística Binária AUTORES  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last few years, significant economical changes have begun to affect the societies commercially developed and industrialized. This evolution has occurred not only in the industrial sector but also in the distribution sector and it has been characterized by the integration of the supply chain and also by the profound organizational changes, influencing significantly the organization's logistics system. The



Políticas Trabalhista e Fundiária e seus Efeitos Adversos Sobre o Emprego Agrícola, a Estrutura Agrária e o Desenvolvimento Territorial Rural no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the question of the concentrated pattern of agricultural developmentin Brazil, as expressed in the predominance of large-scale production, high level ofmechanization and low absorption of non-qualified labor. It is proposed, initially, theexistence of two conflicting explanations for this fact: the first, that blames our historicalheritage, characterized by the predominance of the latifúndio, with the implication thatthe solution

Gervásio Castro de Rezende



Respeito às Normas e Crescimento Econômico: Como Promotores Públicos Garantem o Cumprimento das Leis e Promovem o Crescimento Econômico no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta pesquisa examina como os membros do Ministério Público (MP) brasileiro conseguem que empresas instaladas em território nacional cumpram com a legislação trabalhista e ambiental sem perder a competitividade. Nos casos analisados, promotores e procuradores percebem que os gargalos que dificultam o cumprimento da lei estão freqüentemente fora das empresas infratoras e de suas respectivas cadeias de valor, e que,

Salo Vinocur Coslovsky




Microsoft Academic Search

Social-environment aspects of freshwater praws fisheries (Macrobrachium amazonicum Heller, 1862 e Macrobrachium rosenbergii de Man, 1879) (Decapoda, Palaemonidae) of Bragantina Region - Pará - Brazil Among abundance of native shrimp species with high fisheries potential and good commercial relationships like Macrobrachium amazonicum (Heller, 1862), exotic species like Macrobrachium rosenbergii has been done introduced with aquaculture aims. Study was conducted with

Julliany Lemos Freire


Adaptive hierarchical grid model of water-borne pollutant dispersion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water pollution by industrial and agricultural waste is an increasingly major public health issue. It is therefore important for water engineers and managers to be able to predict accurately the local behaviour of water-borne pollutants. This paper describes the novel and efficient coupling of dynamically adaptive hierarchical grids with standard solvers of the advection-diffusion equation. Adaptive quadtree grids are able to focus on regions of interest such as pollutant fronts, while retaining economy in the total number of grid elements through selective grid refinement. Advection is treated using Lagrangian particle tracking. Diffusion is solved separately using two grid-based methods; one is by explicit finite differences, the other a diffusion-velocity approach. Results are given in two dimensions for pure diffusion of an initially Gaussian plume, advection-diffusion of the Gaussian plume in the rotating flow field of a forced vortex, and the transport of species in a rectangular channel with side wall boundary layers. Close agreement is achieved with analytical solutions of the advection-diffusion equation and simulations from a Lagrangian random walk model. An application to Sepetiba Bay, Brazil is included to demonstrate the method with complex flows and topography.

Borthwick, A. G. L.; Marchant, R. D.; Copeland, G. J. M.


Hot medium effects on J/? production in p+Pb collisions at ?{sNN}=5.02 TeV  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Based on a kinetic description of J/? dissociation and production in an expanding quark-gluon plasma that is described by a 2+1 dimensional ideal hydrodynamics, we have studied the hot medium effects on J/? production in p+Pb collisions at ?{sNN}=5.02 TeV. Including also the cold nuclear matter effects, we are able to reproduce recent experimental results on the nuclear modification factor R(J/?) measured by the ALICE Collaboration. We have also made predictions for the R of J/? and the double ratio RpPbpro(??)/RpPbpro(J/?) of prompt quarkonia produced in the most central 10% p+Pb collisions. We find that different from the cold nuclear matter effects, the R(J/?) is slightly smaller than that in the minimum bias collisions, and the double ratio is significantly less than one at backward rapidity.

Liu, Yunpeng; Ko, Che Ming; Song, Taesoo



The creation of industry front groups: the tobacco industry and "get government off our back".  


We investigated how industries use front groups to combat public health measures by analyzing tobacco industry documents, contemporaneous media reports, journal articles, and press releases regarding "Get Government Off Our Back," a coalition created by the tobacco industry. RJ Reynolds created Get Government Off Our Back in 1994 to fight federal regulation of tobacco. By keeping its involvement secret, RJ Reynolds was able to draw public and legislative support and to avoid the tobacco industry reputation for misrepresenting evidence. The tobacco industry is not unique in its creation of such groups. Research on organizational background and funding could identify other industry front groups. Those who seek to establish measures to protect public health should be prepared to counter the argument that government should not regulate private behavior. PMID:17267719

Apollonio, Dorie E; Bero, Lisa A



Molecular identification of Sporothrix species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Esp?rito Santo, southeastern Brazil  

PubMed Central

Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix luriei, Sporothrix mexicana and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ.

Oliveira, Manoel Marques Evangelista; Maifrede, Simone Bravim; Ribeiro, Mariceli Araujo; Zancope-Oliveira, Rosely Maria



Molecular identification of Sporothrix species involved in the first familial outbreak of sporotrichosis in the state of Espírito Santo, southeastern Brazil.  


Sporotrichosis is a widespread subcutaneous mycosis caused by the dimorphic fungi now known as the Sporothrix schenckii complex. This complex is comprised of at least six species, including Sporothrix albicans, Sporothrix brasiliensis, Sporothrix globosa, Sporothrix luriei, Sporothrix mexicana and S. schenckii. Cases of sporotrichosis have significantly increased in Brazil over the past decade, especially in the state of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), where an epidemic among cat owners has been observed. The zoonotic transmission from cats to humans suggests a common source of infection and indicates that animals can act as vectors. We performed a molecular characterisation of samples collected during the first outbreak of familial sporotrichosis caused by S. brasiliensis in the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. These results represent the first description of such an outbreak outside the endemic area of zoonotic sporotrichosis in RJ. PMID:24141957

Oliveira, Manoel Marques Evangelista; Maifrede, Simone Bravim; Ribeiro, Mariceli Araújo; Zancope-Oliveira, Rosely Maria



Aging- and annealing-induced variations in Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb tunnel junction properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we present studies of room temperature aging and annealing of Nb/Al-AlOx/Nb tunnel junctions with the size of 2-3 ?m2. We observed a noticeable drop of junction normal resistance Rn unusually combined with increase in subgap resistance Rj as a result of aging. Variation in both Rn and Rj are subject to the junction size effect. An effect of aging history on the junction degradation after consequent annealing was discovered. Discussion and interpretation of the observed phenomena are presented in terms of structural ordering and reconstruction in the AlOx layer, driven by diffusion flows enhanced due to stress relaxation processes in the Al layer interfacing the AlOx layer.

Pavolotsky, Alexey B.; Dochev, Dimitar; Belitsky, Victor



Severity of tegumentary leishmaniasis is not exclusively associated with Leishmania RNA virus 1 infection in Brazil  

PubMed Central

Leishmania RNA virus (LRV) has been shown to be a symbiotic component of Leishmania parasites in South America. Nested retro-transcription polymerase chain reaction was employed to investigate LRV1 presence in leishmaniasis lesions from Brazil. In endemic areas of Rio de Janeiro (RJ), no LRV1 infection was observed even with mucosal involvement. LRV1 was only detected in Leishmania (V.) guyanensis cutaneous lesions from the northern region, which were obtained from patients presenting with disease reactivation after clinical cure of their primary lesions. Our results indicated that the severity of leishmaniasis in some areas of RJ, where Leishmania (V.) brazi-liensis is the primary etiological agent, was not associated with Leishmania LRV1 infection.

Pereira, Luiza de Oliveira Ramos; Maretti-Mira, Ana Claudia; Rodrigues, Karis Maria; Lima, Rosimar Baptista; de Oliveira-Neto, Manoel Paes; Cupolillo, Elisa; Pirmez, Claude; de Oliveira, Marcia Pereira



V3 peptide binding pattern and HIV-1 transmission route in Rio de Janeiro.  


To characterize antibody binding to a panel of V3 loop peptides representing diverse HIV-1 neutralization epitopes, 149 HIV-1 infected individuals from Rio de Janeiro (RJ) were investigated. Results were analyzed with respect to risk factors for infection and other epidemiological and clinical data. Peptide reactivity was not associated with sex, clinical status, CD4 counts, antigenemia or beta 2-microglobulin serum level. A segregation of peptide reactivity according to route of infection was encountered. This finding suggests that more then one viral strain may be circulating in RJ, in subjects with different risk factors for HIV-1 infection. An investigation of prevalent HIV-1 genotypes, serotypes and immunotypes may be of importance for the design and selection of potential vaccines to be used in Brazil as well as for the selection of populations to be included in future vaccine efficacy trials. PMID:8731364

Pinto, M E; Schechter, M



The Mass of the Milky Way Galaxy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use the Jaffe model as a global mass distribution for the Galaxy and\\u000adetermine the circular velocity $v_c$ and the Jaffe radius $r_j$ using the\\u000asatellites of the Galaxy, estimates of the local escape velocity of stars, the\\u000aconstraints imposed by the known rotation curve of the disk, and the Local\\u000aGroup timing model. The models include the systematic

Christopher S. Kochanek



Biotransformation of cholesterol by Micrococcus species mediated by plasmid DNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A steroid-biotransforming strain RJ6 was identified as Micrococcus roseus. This bacterium has a 10?kb plasmid pMQV10. Curing mediated through cultivation of the culture with a low concentration (200?ng\\/ml) of mitomycin C is described. Loss of cholesterol degradation (chol+) and streptomycin resistance (Smr) phenotypes as a consequence of the loss of plasmid indicate the extrachromosomal location of these two genes in

N. Dogra; G. N. Qazi



Copper-inducible transcriptional regulation at two promoters in the Escherichia coli copper resistance determinant pco  

Microsoft Academic Search

The pco determinant of Escherichia coli plasmid pRJ1004 encodes inducible resistance to the trace element copper. The identification of two copper- dependent transcriptional initiation regions within pco that each contain a similar upstream hyphenated dyad motif is described. Deletion constructs showed that this 'copper box' motif was essential for copper-inducible activity at both pco promoters, PpcoA and PpcoE. The placement

D. A. Rouch; N. L. Brown



Helium and neon isotopes in phenocrysts from Samoan lavas: Evidence for heterogeneity in the terrestrial high 3He\\/ 4He mantle  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the first neon isotope measurements on phenocrysts from subaerial and submarine Samoan lavas. These new data complement existing Ne-isotope data from Samoan peridotite xenoliths (Poreda, R.J., Farley, K.A.,1992. Rare gases in Samoan xenoliths. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 113, 689 129–144). Neon isotopes were measured in magmatic phenocrysts separated from nine shield-stage lavas from 5 Samoan volcanoes, including Ofu,

Matthew G. Jackson; Mark D. Kurz; Stanley R. Hart



Helium and neon isotopes in phenocrysts from Samoan lavas: Evidence for heterogeneity in the terrestrial high 3He\\/4He mantle  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the first neon isotope measurements on phenocrysts from subaerial and submarine Samoan lavas. These new data complement existing Ne-isotope data from Samoan peridotite xenoliths (Poreda, R.J., Farley, K.A.,1992. Rare gases in Samoan xenoliths. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 113, 689 129-144). Neon isotopes were measured in magmatic phenocrysts separated from nine shield-stage lavas from 5 Samoan volcanoes, including Ofu,

Matthew G. Jackson; Mark D. Kurz; Stanley R. Hart



Comparison of bee products based on assays of antioxidant capacities  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Bee products (including propolis, royal jelly, and bee pollen) are popular, traditional health foods. We compared antioxidant effects among water and ethanol extracts of Brazilian green propolis (WEP or EEP), its main constituents, water-soluble royal jelly (RJ), and an ethanol extract of bee pollen. METHODS: The hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-, superoxide anion (O2·-)-, and hydroxyl radical (HO·)- scavenging capacities of

Yoshimi Nakajima; Kazuhiro Tsuruma; Masamitsu Shimazawa; Satoshi Mishima; Hideaki Hara



Determination of soil water evaporation and transpiration from energy balance and stem flow measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ham, J.M., Heiiman, J.L. and Lascano, R.J., i 990. Determination of soil water evaporation and tran- spiration from energy balance and stem flow measurements. Agric. For. Meteorol., 52: 287-301. Frequent measurements of soil water evaporation (E) and transpiration (T) are needed to quan- tify energy and water balances of sparse crops. Field experiments were conducted in Lubbock, TX to examine

Jay M. Ham; J. L. Heilman; R. J. Lascano



Keratinocyte growth factor-induced hyperplasia of rat alveolar type II cells in vivo is resolved by differentiation into type I cells and by apoptosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keratinocyte growth factor-induced hyperplasia of rat alveolar type II cells in vivo is re- solved by differentiation into type I cells and by apoptosis. H. Fehrenbach, M. Kasper, T. Tschernig, T. Pan, D. Schuh, J.M. Shannon, M. Muller, R.J. Mason.#ERS Journals Ltd 1999. ABSTRACT: Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a potent mitogen of alveolar epi- thelial type II cells (AEII).

H. Fehrenbach; M. Kasper; T. Tschernig; T. Pan; D. Schuh; J. M. Shannon; M. Müller; R. J. Mason



The approach to the surgical management of cancer in four European countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The approach to the surgical management of cancer in four European countries. C.K. Connolly, P.E.Y. Van Schil, R. Milroy, O. Braendli, R.J. Prescott. #ERS Journals Ltd 2003. ABSTRACT: Outcome of lung cancer appears poorer in the UK than elsewhere in Europe. This may be due to a less aggressive approach in treatment. This study investigated whether clinicians9 perceptions of their

C. K. Connolly; P. E. Y. Van Schil; R. Milroy; O. Braendli; R. J. Prescott



Radiometric Analyses of Beach Sands from the Southeast of Brazil  

SciTech Connect

Natural gamma radiation measurements of coastal sand deposits were used to determine the provenance of the sandy sediments and to obtain information about paleo-sea-levels along the coast of three Brazilian States: Sao Paulo (SP), Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and Espirito Santo (ES). Th/U and Th/K ratios suggest a considerable positive correlation with the geological evolution of the Quaternary coastal deposits of the Brazilian Southeast.

Anjos, R. M.; Macario, K.; Veiga, R.; Carvalho, C.; Mosquera, B. [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litoranea, s/no, Gragoata, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)



A Life's Work on Hadamard Matrices, Statistical Designs, Bent Functions and their Application to Computer and Information Security in Networks and Telecommunications  

Microsoft Academic Search

entries \\\\Sigma1; \\\\Sigmai and pairwise orthogonal rows (and columns) arecalled complex Hadamard matrices (note the scalar product is a:b =Pa i bifor complex numbers). These matrices were first studied by R.J. Turyn [58].We believe complex Hadamard matrices exist for every order n j 0 (mod 2).The truth of this conjecture implies the truth of the Hadamard conjecture.In the 1960's the

Jennifer Seberry



Microsoft Academic Search

GONÇALVES, M. G.; FARIAS, L. N.; COSTA, A. D.; MOTA, L. dos S.; OLIVEIRA, B. L. DE; CEDDIA, M. B.; VIEIRA, S. R. Geoestatiscal contribution to experimental planning of pasture located in the Agro ecological Integrated System of Production. Revista Universidade Rural: Série Ciências da Vida, Seropédica, RJ: EDUR, v. 25, n.1, p. 01-05, jan.-jun., 2005. In order to evaluate



Abrupt withdrawal from intrathecal baclofen: Recognition and management of a potentially life-threatening syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Coffey RJ, Edgar TS, Francisco GE, Graziani V, Meythaler JM, Ridgely PM, Sadiq SA, Turner MS. Abrupt withdrawal from intrathecal baclofen: recognition and management of a potentially life-threatening syndrome. 2002;83:735-41. Objective: To suggest guidelines for the prevention, recognition, and management of a life-threatening syndrome (high fever, altered mental status, profound muscular rigidity that sometimes progressed to fatal rhabdomyolysis) in patients

Robert J. Coffey; Terence S. Edgar; Gerard E. Francisco; Virginia Graziani; Jay M. Meythaler; Patrick M. Ridgely; Saud A. Sadiq; Michael S. Turner



Swallowing in myotonic muscular dystrophy: A videofluoroscopic study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leonard RJ, Kendall KA, Johnson R, McKenzie S. Swallowing in myotonic muscular dystrophy: a videofluoroscopic study. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2001;82:979-85. Objectives: (1) To determine how swallow function in patients with myotonic muscular dystrophy (MD) differs from that of healthy controls, (2) to identify the contributors to and predictors of improvement, and (3) to evaluate strategies that facilitate swallowing. Design:

Rebecca J. Leonard; Katherine A. Kendall; Ralph Johnson; Susan McKenzie



Dog Bites: How to Teach Your Children to Be Safe  


... it will probably walk away. If a dog bites you, tell an adult right away. A dog is a wonderful addition to a family, but it can be a problem if you aren’t careful. Always talk to children about how they should act when they’re with a dog. Remember that dogs can ... Prevention and Treatment of Dog Bites by RJ Presutti, D.O. (American Family Physician ...


Impact of genetic profiles on experimental studies: outbred versus wild rats.  


Most rats used in toxicological or pharmacological research are obtained from outbred stocks. It is assumed that they are characterized by a high degree of genetic heterogeneity, reflecting that of the human population. However, most outbred stocks available have been kept as restricted colonies over a long period of time, decreasing their genetic variability. Since it is unclear to what extent genetic variability can be expected from an outbred stock, we analyzed 20 rats from each of two outbred stocks, Crl:WIST and Rj:SD, and compared them with 17 unrelated wild rats, using 90 randomly selected microsatellite markers, located on 20 autosomes and chromosome X. Up to 8 alleles per locus were found in wild rats compared with the maximum of 4 alleles in Crl:WIST and 3 alleles in Rj:SD rats. Therefore, significant differences were observed in the mean of number of alleles between Crl:WIST (2.3 +/- 0.6) and Rj:SD (1.7 +/- 0.6), as well as between both outbred stocks and wild rats (4.6 +/- 1.5). The lowest heterozygosity was in Rj:SD (0.27 +/- 0.19), which was significantly different from Crl: WIST (0.41 +/- 0.19) and wild rats (0.35 +/- 0.21). Our findings clearly show loss of alleles in both outbred stocks compared with wild rats and demonstrate that the designation "outbred stock" is no guarantee for genetic and phenotypic variability. This fact will have a significant impact on generation of new outbred stocks as well as performing multistrain experiments and thereby it may reduce false-positive and false-negative results in toxicological and pharmacological research in the future. PMID:12758061

Klöting, Ingrid; Nitschke, Cindy; van den Brandt, Jens



Complete synthetic seismograms for 3-D heterogeneous Earth models computed using modified DSM operators and their applicability to inversion for Earth structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We compute complete (including both body and surface waves) synthetic seismograms for laterally and vertically heterogeneous Earth models using the Direct Solution Method (DSM). We use the optimally accurate modified operators derived by Geller and Takeuchi [Geller, R.J., Takeuchi, N., 1995. A new method for computing highly accurate DSM synthetic seismograms. Geophys. J. Int. 123, 449-470] and extended to spherical coordinates by Takeuchi et al. [Takeuchi, N., Geller, R.J., Cummins, P.R., 1996. Highly accurate P-SV complete synthetic seismograms using modified DSM operators. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 1175-1178] and Cummins et al. [Cummins, P.R., Takeuchi, N., Geller, R.J., 1997. Computation of complete synthetic seismograms for laterally heterogenous models using the Direct Solution Method. Geophys. J. Int. 130, 1-16] for 1- and 3-D models, respectively. In this study we greatly reduce the CPU time by treating the laterally heterogeneous structure as a perturbation to a spherically symmetric model (i.e., using the Born approximation). Note, however, that (1) our methods do not require the use of the Born approximation and (2) the reference model for the Born approximation is not required to be spherically symmetric. The synthetic seismograms in this paper are computed using the first-order Born approximation. However, accuracy can be greatly improved by using higher order terms of the Born series; theoretical results are presented in this paper, and some preliminary numerical examples are presented in this volume by Igel et al. [Igel, H., Takeuchi, N., Geller, R.J., Megnin, C., Bunge, H.P., Clévédé, E., Dalkolmo, J., Romanowicz, B., 1998. The COSY project: verification of global seismic modeling algorithms, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., this issue].

Takeuchi, Nozomu; Geller, Robert J.; Cummins, Phil R.



In vivo MRI measurements of tumor growth induced by dichloroacetate: implications for mode of action  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dichloroacetate (DCA) is an important by-product of the chlorination of drinking water that produces liver cancer in rodents. Assessment of the risk that results from concentrations that occur in drinking water will be dependent upon the mode of action held responsible for these tumors. A study by Stauber and Bull [Stauber, A.J. and Bull, R.J (1997) Differences in phenotype and

J. H. Miller; K. Minard; R. A. Wind; G. A. Orner; L. B. Sasser; R. J. Bull



A linear algorithm for resource four-partitioning four-connected planar graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Given a connected graph G = (V,E), a set Vr ? V of r special vertices, four distinct base vertices u1, u2, u3, u4 ? V and four natural numbers r1, r2, r3, r4 such that ?j=14 rj = r, we wish to find a partition V1, V2, V3, V4 of V such that Vi contains ui and ri vertices

Tanveer Awal; M. S. Rahman



The relationship between disaggregate energy consumption and industrial production in the United States: An ARDL approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

We re-examine the relationship between disaggregate energy consumption and industrial output, as well as employment, in the United States using the autoregressive distributed lag (ARDL) approach developed by Pesaran and Pesaran [Pesaran, M.H., Pesaran, B., 1997. Working with Microfit 4.0. Camfit Data Ltd, Cambridge] and Pesaran, Shin and Smith [Pesaran, M.H., Shin, Y., Smith, R.J., 2001. Bounds testing approaches to

Ramazan Sari; Bradley T. Ewing; Ugur Soytas



Effectiveness of a lateral-wedge insole on knee varus torque in patients with knee osteoarthritis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Kerrigan DC, Lelas JL, Goggins J, Merriman GJ, Kaplan RJ, Felson DT. Effectiveness of a lateral-wedge insole on knee varus torque in patients with knee osteoarthritis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:889-93. Objectives: To test whether a lateral-wedged insole, inclined at 5[deg ] or 10[deg ], significantly reduces knee varus torque during walking in patients with knee osteoarthritis compared with both

D. Casey Kerrigan; Jennifer L. Lelas; Joyce Goggins; Greg J. Merriman; Robert J. Kaplan; David T. Felson



The planetary magnetic field and magnetosphere of Jupiter: Pioneer 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data obtained by the Pioneer 10 vector helium magnetometer are presented along with models of the intrinsic magnetic field of JupiteL and its magnetosphere. Data acquired between 2.84 and 6.0 Rj, where the intensity of the planetary field ranged between 1900 and 18,400 'y, were used to develop a six-parameter eccentric dipole model of the field. The dipole so derived

E. J. Smith; L. Davis Jr.; D. E. Jones; P. J. Coleman Jr.; D. S. Colburn; P. Dyal; C. P. Sonett; A. M. A. Frandsen



Magnetosphere of Jupiter as observed with Pioneer 10. I. Instrument and principal findings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports on the first in situ observations of energetic electrons of energy Ee > 0.06 MeV in the magnetosphere of Jupiter during November-December 1973. The outer magnetosphere has the form of a thin, disclike, quasi-trapping region extending from about 20 to over 100 Rj (Jovian radii). This magnetodisc is confined near the magnetic equatorial plane and has approximate

J. A. Van Allen; D. N. Baker; B. A. Randall; D. D. Sentman



Situational judgment test research: Informing the debate on practical intelligence theory  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gottfredson, L.S. (2003). Dissecting practical intelligence theory: Its claims and evidence. Intelligence, 31, 343-397.) provided a detailed critique of Sternberg's (Sternberg, R.J., Fotsythe, G.B., Hedlund, J., Horvath, J.A., Wagner, R.K., Williams, W.M., Snook, S.A., Grigorenko, E.L. (2000). Practical intelligence in everyday life. New York: Cambridge University Press.) practical intelligence theory. The current paper seeks to supplement Gottfredson's extensive critique using

Michael A. McDaniel; Deborah L. Whetzel



EPA Science Inventory

NAROTSKY1, M.G., D.S. BEST1, E.H. ROGERS1, A. McDONALD1, Y.M. SEY1, E.S. HUNTER III 1, L.K. TEUSCHLER2, R.J. MILTNER3, T.F. SPETH3, G. RICE2, K.M. SCHENCK3, S.D. RICHARDSON4, M.C. MARR5, and J.E. SIMMONS1. 1US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Health and Environment...


Combustion joining of refractory materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper overviews heterogeneous exothermic reactive systems as they apply to the joining of materials. Techniques that\\u000a are investigated fall under two general schemes: so-called Volume Combustion Synthesis (VCS) and Self-Propagating High-Temperature\\u000a Synthesis (SHS). Within the VCS scheme, applications that are considered include Reactive Joining (RJ), Reactive Resistance\\u000a Welding (RRW), and Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). Under the SHS scheme, Combustion

A. S. Mukasyan; J. D. E. White



Design and implementation of a dual-interface radar data recorder  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the design and implementation of a small-scale dual-interface radar data recorder based on DSP+FPGA. It has two types of interfaces: solid-state IDE hard disk and RJ45. The recorder can save sampling data of original radar waveforms in real time for further analysis and validation. It adapts to a variety of application environments and has a high storage

Wang Jun; Jiang Hai; Zhang Yuxi; Yao Wang; Zhang Yuxian



Dr. von Braun Briefing Walt Disney  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Dr. von Braun began his association with Walt Disney in the 1950s when the rocket scientist appeared in three Disney television productions related to the exploration of space. Years later, Dr. von Braun invited Disney and his associates to tour the Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Huntsville, Alabama. This photograph is dated April 13, 1965. From left are R.J. Schwinghamer from the MSFC, Disney, B.J. Bernight, and Dr. von Braun.



Resistive switching behaviors in Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d (Bi2212) stacks  

Microsoft Academic Search

A coupled stacked Josephson junctions (SJJs) with completely perforated holes of 0.2 mum × 0.4 mum in high-Tc superconducting Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+d (Bi-2212) were fabricated using a 3D focused ion beam etching method. We investigated external field angle thetai dependence of junction resistance Rj at various magnetic fields and temperatures. When a constant external magnetic fields He value of 1 T and

Sang-Jae Kim



Toward a Better Understanding of First Language Vocabulary Knowledge: The Case of Second-Generation Russian-Jewish Immigrants in Israel  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to evaluate the first language (L1) vocabulary knowledge in a large-scale sample (n = 70) of second-generation Russian-Jewish immigrants in Israel. The interest in this research population follows from the unique demographic, sociocultural, linguistic, and psychological distinctiveness of RJ immigration in Israel. The study focused on the question of whether the L1 vocabulary knowledge

Mila Schwartz; Ely Kozminsky; Mark Leikin




Microsoft Academic Search

Industry requirements for compact, high fiber count connectors in both telecom and datacom have created increased global demand for guide pin based multifiber connectors such as MT(MPO\\/MPX) and MiniMT(MT-RJ) connectors. To realize the cost\\/performance benefits of these type of connectors, the manufacturing processes must be precisely controlled to maintain the extremely critical tolerances of angle, alignment and height of the

Eric A. Norland


On the formation of Io’s inner torus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In December 1995 and November 2002, the Galileo spacecraft traversed the inner Io plasma torus on the J0 and A34 passes, respectively. Observations of electron density showed a steep drop off at the inner boundary located between 4.5 RJ and 5 RJ on the two passes, and a much more gradual decrease in the outer torus. The [Wang, Y.-L., Russell, C.T., Raeder, J. The Io mass loading disk: model calculations. Journal of Geophysical Research 106, 26243-26260, 2001] model of torus formation considers multiple ionization and neutralization stages for the pickup ions, and predicts an inner torus boundary location which depends on the local plasma velocity at Io. For an inner torus boundary at ˜4.7 RJ, ions are picked up into a plasma flowing at ˜37 km/s (74 km/s is the corotation velocity at 5.9 RJ). The steepness of the boundary and the double peaked density structure seen on the two Galileo passes is not reproduced by the [Wang, Y.-L., Russell, C.T., Raeder, J. The Io mass loading disk: model calculations. Journal of Geophysical Research 106, 26243-26260, 2001] model, which considers the source of mass loading at Io to be uniformly distributed around the moon and does not include outward radial convection. Adding this convection to the model, as would be required to maintain a steady state magnetodisk, steepens the inner torus boundary, but does so over very long timescales. The different inner torus density structure observed on the J0 and A34 passes is not reproduced by either the [Wang, Y.-L., Russell, C.T., Raeder, J. The Io mass loading disk: model calculations. Journal of Geophysical Research 106, 26243-26260, 2001] or outward radial convection models and indicates the possible occurrence of a large mass loading event in the 7 years between the passes or longitudinal asymmetry in the torus structure.

Cowee, M. M.; Wang, Y.-L.; Russell, C. T.; Gurnett, D. A.


Diode laser measurements of CF3Cl near 1258 cm-1: Rovibrational analysis of nu2 + nu3 combination and its hot bands  

Microsoft Academic Search

The gas-phase infrared spectrum of natural CF3Cl has been investigated in the range 1244-1275 cm-1 with a resolution of about 0.002 cm-1 using a tunable diode laser spectrometer. The K structure of many P(J) and R(J) clusters of the nu2 + nu3 band has been resolved and analyzed: the maximum J values reached for individual transitions were 66 and 62

S. Giorgianni; P. Stoppa; A. Baldacci; A. Gambi; S. Ghersetti



1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane: Repeat Exposure Inhalation Toxicity in the Rat, Developmental Toxicity in the Rabbit, and Genotoxicity in Vitro and in Vivo  

Microsoft Academic Search

1,1,1,2-Tetrafluoroethane: Repeat Exposure Inhalation Toxicity in the Rat, Developmental Toxicity in the Rabbit, and Genotoxicity in Vitro and in Vivo . Collins, M. A., Rusch, G. M., Sato, F., Hext, P. M., and Millischer, R.-J. (1995). Fundam. Appl. Toxicol. 25, 271-280.Subchronic and chronic studies were carried out in the rat and a developmental toxicity study in the rabbit with exposures

Michael A. Collins; George M. Rusch; Fumiaki Sato; Paul M. Hext; Rene-Jean Millischer



Evaluation of Structure Recognition Using Labelled Facade Images  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In 3d city modelling the request for details is permanently growing. Because of that automatic facade reconstruction methods are needed. Structure information plays an important role in facade reconstruction since facade elements like windows are arranged in structural patterns. In this paper we present a facade grammar which models these structures. This grammar is used in an rjMCMC based facade reconstruction method. We evaluate the reconstruction method using the eTRIMS [1] image database.

Ripperda, Nora; Brenner, Claus


A dynamic programming algorithm for preemptive scheduling of a single machine to minimize the number of late jobs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The scheduling problem 1|pmtn, rj|?wjUj calls forn jobs with arbitrary release dates and due dates to be preemptively scheduled for processing by a single machine, with the objective of minimizing the sum of the weights of the late jobs. A dynamic programming algorithm for this problem is described. Time and space bounds for the algorithm are, respectively,O(nk2W2) andO(k2W), wherek is

E. L. Lawler



Comment on Magnetic Monopole Excitations in Spin Ice  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been proposed recently \\\\cite{son} that excitations in Spin Ice can be of the form of magnetic monopoles that does not obey the Dirac Quantization Condition. It is also well known \\\\cite{rj} that the above scenario leads to non-associativity among translation generators. It will be interesting to see how the monopole picture in Spin Ice survives in the light

Subir Ghosh



Impact of Copper on an Alkali Promoted Iron Fischer–Tropsch Catalyst  

Microsoft Academic Search

Copper has traditionally been added to precipitated iron Fischer–Tropsch (FT) catalysts to facilitate reduction of Fe2O3 to zero valent iron during activation [M.E. Dry, in: J.R. Anderson and M. Boudart (eds), Catalysis Science and Technology, Vol. 1 (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1981) p. 179] by lowering the reduction temperature when activating with hydrogen, carbon monoxide or syngas [R.J. O'Brien et al.,

Robert J. O'Brien; Burtron H. Davis



ShockTube Combustion of High Density Hydrocarbon Fuels  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shock-tube techniques have been used to determine rates of carbon dioxide production in shock-wave heated mixtures of oxygen and hydrogenated dimers of bicycloheptadiene, components of the high density fuel RJ-S. Reaction profiles generated by this method have demonstrated that the combustion rate of the hydrocarbon vapors increases with fuel and oxygen concentration, but is not affected by the total pressure




Excitation and Propagation of Jovian Quasi-Periodic Radio Bursts  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discussed the source location, directivity, and propagation process of QP bursts based on the ray tracing analysis, comparing with the observation results, especially with the latitudinal beaming and shadow zone [Kimura et al., 2010]. The parametric survey indicated that QP bursts observed at high and low latitudes have the source region at 2-10 Rj altitude along high-latitudinal field lines (L>20). It was suggested that these QP bursts have significantly broadened beaming patterns like a "filled cone".

Kimura, T.; Misawa, H.; Morioka, A.; Tsuchiya, F.; Kasaba, Y.; Cecconi, B.; Zarka, P.; MacDowall, R. J.; Hess, R. A.



Anticipating Juno Observations of the Magnetosphere of Jupiter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Juno spacecraft will arrive at Jupiter in 2016 and will go into polar orbit. Juno will make the first exploration of the polar regions of Jupiter's vast magnetosphere, combining in situ particles and fields measurements with remote sensing of auroral emissions in the UV, IR and radio. The primary science period comprises ~30 orbits with 11-day periods with a~1.06Rj perijove, allowing Juno to duck under the hazardous synchrotron radiation belts. Apojove is at ~38Rj. The oblateness of the planet causes the orbit to precess with the major axis moving progressively south at about 1 degree per orbit, eventually bringing the spacecraft into the radiation belts. This orbit allows unprecedented views of the aurora and exploration of the auroral acceleration regions. We present an overview of anticipated Juno observations based on models of the Jovian magnetosphere. On approach to Jupiter and over a capture orbit that extends to ~180Rj on the dawn flank, Juno will traverse the magnetosheath, magnetopause and boundary layer regions of the magnetosphere. Due to the high plasma pressures in the magnetospheric plasmasheet the magnetosphere of Jupiter is known to vary substantially with the changes in the solar wind dynamic pressure. We use Ulysses solar wind data obtained around 5 AU to predict the conditions that Juno will observe over the several months it will spend in these boundary regions.

Bunnell, E.; Fowler, C. M.; Bagenal, F.; Bonfond, B.



A recursive algorithm for Zernike polynomials  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The analysis of a function defined on a rotationally symmetric system, with either a circular or annular pupil is discussed. In order to numerically analyze such systems it is typical to expand the given function in terms of a class of orthogonal polynomials. Because of their particular properties, the Zernike polynomials are especially suited for numerical calculations. Developed is a recursive algorithm that can be used to generate the Zernike polynomials up to a given order. The algorithm is recursively defined over J where R(J,N) is the Zernike polynomial of degree N obtained by orthogonalizing the sequence R(J), R(J+2), ..., R(J+2N) over (epsilon, 1). The terms in the preceding row - the (J-1) row - up to the N+1 term is needed for generating the (J,N)th term. Thus, the algorith generates an upper left-triangular table. This algorithm was placed in the computer with the necessary support program also included.

Davenport, J. W.



Protective effect of royal jelly on the sperm parameters and testosterone level and lipid peroxidation in adult mice treated with oxymetholone  

PubMed Central

Objectives : The aim of the present study was to evaluate protective effect of royal jelly on sperm parameters, testosterone level, and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in mice. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two adult male NMRI mice weighing 30±2 g were used. All the animals were divided into 4 groups. Control group: received saline 0.1 ml/mouse/day orally for 30 days. Royal jelly group (RJ): received royal jelly at dose of 100 mg/kg daily for 30 days orally. Oxymetholone group: the received Oxymetholone (OX) at dose of 5 mg/kg daily for 30 days orally. Royal jelly+Oxymetholone group: received royal jelly at dose of 100 mg/kg/day orally concomitant with OX administration. Sperm count, sperm motility, viability, maturity, and DNA integrity were analyzed. Furthermore, serum testosterone and MDA concentrations were determined. Results: In Oxymetholone group, sperm count, motility as well as testosterone concentration reduced significantly (p<0.05), while significant (p<0.05) increases in immature sperm, sperm with DNA damaged, and MDA concentration were announced in Oxymetholone group in comparison with control group and Royal jelly+Oxymetholone group. RJ caused partially amelioration in all of the above- mentioned parameters in Royal Jelly+Oxymetholone group. Conclusion: In conclusion, RJ may be used in combination with OX to improve OX-induced oxidative stress and male infertility.

Zahmatkesh, Ensieh; Najafi, Gholamreza; Nejati, Vahid; Heidari, Reza



Murine mammary tumor cells with a claudin-low genotype  

PubMed Central

Background Molecular classification of human breast cancers has identified at least 5 distinct tumor subtypes; luminal A, luminal B, Her2-enriched, basal-like and claudin-low. The claudin-low subtype was identified in 2007 and is characterized by low expression of luminal differentiation markers and claudins 3, 4 and 7 and high levels of mesenchymal markers. Claudin-low tumors have a reported prevalence of 7-14% and these tumors have a poor prognosis. Results In this study we report the characterization of several cell lines established from mammary tumors that develop in MTB-IGFIR transgenic mice. Two lines, RM11A and RJ348 present with histological features and gene expression patterns that resemble claudin-low breast tumors. Specifically, RM11A and RJ348 cells express high levels of the mesenchymal genes Zeb1, Zeb2, Twist1 and Twist2 and very low levels of E-cadherin and claudins 3, 4 and 7. The RM11A and RJ348 cells are also highly tumorigenic when re-introduced into the mammary fat pad of mice. Conclusions Mammary tumor cells established from MTB-IGFIR transgenic mice can be used as in vitro and in vivo model systems to further our understanding of the poorly characterized, claudin-low, breast cancer subtype.



Thin current sheets in the Jovian magnetotail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper we investigate the fine structure of the current sheet located at the dawn side (and the central region) of the Jovian magnetotail (magnetodisk). We consider observational data collected by Galileo spacecraft (our dataset includes 226 current sheet crossings). Measurements of spectra of electric field fluctuations allow us to estimate the electron density. The plasma temperature is estimated from the vertical stress balance in the current sheet. To determine the vertical structure of the current sheet we use magnetic field measurements and the model of the neutral plane vertical motion. The current sheet vertical structure includes two spatial scales: the thin current sheet with the thickness around two Larmor radii of thermal sulfur ions is embedded into the thick current sheet with the thickness around one Jupiter radius, RJ. The vertical stress balance in the thin current sheet can be partially supported by the local maximum of the shear magnetic field. The amplitude of the corresponding field-aligned current density is comparable with the amplitude of the total current density. The drop of the plasma (electron) density across the thick current sheet is about 50-80% of the density peak value. We investigate horizontal (along the tail) distributions of magnetic field amplitudes B0 measured at the boundary of the current sheet and magnitudes of the normal component measured in the vicinity of the central region, Bn0. For r>50RJ both B0 and Bn0 vary with the radial distance r as ~r-1, and the ratio Bn0/B0~0.05-0.2 is almost constant along the tail (up to 120RJ). The amplitude of the current density jm0 and the plasma (electron) density (averaged across the current sheet) decrease with the same rate ~r-1. Thus, the current bulk velocity vD=jm0/e?100 km/s is almost constant along the tail. We compare properties of the Jovian magnetotail current sheet with the corresponding properties of current sheets observed in the Earth?s magnetotail. Current sheet (CS) in the Jupiter magnetotail has been investigated. The magnetotail includes thin CS (thickness <0.25RJ) and thick CS (thickness ~1RJ). Thin CS thickness is only about two Larmor radius of thermal sulfur ions. Current density in thin CS cannot be described by diamagnetic currents.

Artemyev, A. V.; Vasko, I. Y.; Kasahara, S.



MØtodo Mªe Canguru: aplicaÁªo no Brasil, evidŒncias cientÌficas e impacto sobre o aleitamento materno Kangaroo Mother Care: scientific evidences and impact on breastfeeding  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the history of the Kangaroo Mother Care and present scientific evidence about benefits of this practice on morbidity and mortality, psychological and neurological development and breastfeeding of low birth weight infants. Sources of data: Papers about Kangaroo Mother Care published from 1983 to 2004 were consulted, selected in Medline and Lilacs, as well as books, thesis and

Sonia Isoyama Venancio; Honorina de Almeida


I processi cumulativi nella crisi del debito degli anni 80: una lettura dai casi di Argentina, Brasile e Messico Cumulative processes in the 1980s debt crisis: an analysis from Argentina, Brazil and Mexico's case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the 1980s Latin American debt crisis in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico and, in particular, the influence of cumulative processes at work in its early and final stages. The paper is organised in three sections. The first examines the crisis<92> features in the three countries, and maps the key macroeconomic and behavioural relationships at its onset and resolution.

Andrea de Panizza



Projeto Serge: Trabalho de Campo Referente AO Experimento Sir-a No Brasil (Fase 2) (Shuttle Experimental Radar for Geological Exploration (SERGE) Project: Field Work Relating to the Shuttle Experimental Radar A (SIR-A) in Brazil (Phase 2)).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The ground observations undertaken over the northern position of Minas Gerais State, and part of Distrito Federal from 7 to 12 December 1982, along the Space Shuttle 2 flying orbit 22 of November 1981 are described. Field data related mostly with litholog...

M. G. Balieiro P. R. Martini J. R. Dossantos J. T. Demattos



Condicionantes E Mecanismos Do Processo de Inovacao Tecnologica No Brasil: Atuacao de Institutos de Pesquisa (Conditions and Mechanisms of the Process of Technological Innovation in Brazil: The Role of Research Institutes).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This paper analyzes the role of research institutes concerning the Technological Innovation Process (PIT), in view of the bounds which are imposed on them by their external environment and by their organizational characteristics. As to the external enviro...

H. Decarvalhokataoka



Stereo Photo Series for Quantifying Cerrado Fuels in Central Brazil: Volume 1 (Series de Estereo-Fotografias para Quantificar a Biomassa da Vegetacao do Cerrado do Brasil Central. Volume 1).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Five series of single and stereo photographs display a range of natural conditions and fuel loadings in Cerrado ecosystems in central Brazil. Each group of photographs is accompanied by information summarizing vegetation composition, structure and biomass...

R. D. Ottmar R. E. Vihnanek H. S. Miranda M. N. Sato S. M. A. Andrade



Foreign body aspiration in children and adolescents: experience of a Brazilian referral center* Aspiração de corpo estranho por menores de 15 anos: experiência de um centro de referência do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To describe the clinical, radiological and endoscopic characteristics of foreign body aspiration among individuals under the age of 15 treated at a referral center in the city of São Luís, Brazil. Methods: This was a descriptive study using data from the medical charts of patients treated for foreign body aspiration at the Hospital Universitário Materno Infantil between 1995 and

Sílvia Teresa; Evangelista Vidotto; Marco Antonio Barbieri; José Albuquerque de Figueiredo Neto


Anthropically dislodged assemblages of sponges (Porifera: Demospongiae) in the River Araguaia at Araguatins, Tocantins State, Brazil Assembléias de esponjas desalojadas no Rio Araguaia em Araguatins, Estado do Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent outbreak of an human ocular disease at Araguaia River by the town of Araguatins, TO, Central Amazonia, along the low water period of 2005 required pathological analyses of surgically extracted ocular tissues. Spicules which invest the gemmules of the freshwater sponges Drulia uruguayensis and D. ctenosclera were found inside these ocular materials. Such relation between an ocular disease

C. Volkmer-Ribeiro; Salvador França; Rodovia Washington Luís


O modelo de Solow-Swan na linguagem de dinâmica de sistemas: uma aplicação para o Brasil [The Solow-Swan model in the system dynamics language: an application for Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper aims at contributing to the Brazilian economic growth discussion based on a new approach: system dynamics. Specifically, we intend to develop a systemic version of Solow-Swan model which allows the exploration of new angles of some important insights from recent Brazilian studies using that model and the assessment of the ability of the economy to grow in the

Newton Paulo Bueno



Perfil do nível de atividade física na vida diária de pacientes portadores de DPOC no Brasil* Profile of the level of physical activity in the daily lives of patients with COPD in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To evaluate characteristics of physical activities in daily life in COPD patients in Brazil, correlating those characteristics with physiological variables. Methods: Physical activities in daily life were evaluated in 40 COPD patients (18 males; 66 ± 8 years of age; FEV 1 = 46 ± 16 % of predicted; body mass index = 27 ± 6 kg\\/m 2 )

Nidia Aparecida Hernandes; Denilson de Castro Teixeira; Vanessa Suziane Probst; Antonio Fernando Brunetto; Ercy Mara; Cipulo Ramos; Fábio Pitta



Planificacion linguistica y constitucion de un bloque regional: El caso del Mercosur (Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uraguay) y de Chile (Language Planning and the Constitution of a Regional Bloc: The Case of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay) and Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The common market of the South is a new linguistic and cultural area. The resurgence of innermost identities within member states proves that Mercosur identity can neither be universal nor specific. The outcome of this quest for identity will depend on the ability to carefully handle an area of cultural diversity and a place of common allegiance…

Chareille, Samantha



ISOLATION OF Rickettsia bellii FROM Amblyomma ovale AND Amblyomma incisum TICKS FROM SOUTHERN BRAZIL AISLAMIENTO DE Rickettsia bellii A PARTIR DE GARRAPATAS Amblyomma ovale Y Amblyomma incisum PROCEDENTES DEL SUR DE BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. To isolate and characterize rickettsiae from the ticks Amblyomma ovale and Amblyomma incisum collected in the state of São Paulo. Materials and methods. Adult, free-living A. ovale and A. incisum were collected in an Atlantic rainforest area in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Each tick was tested using the hemolymph assay; samples from positive ticks were placed in

Richard Pacheco; Simone Rosa; Leonardo Richtzenhain; Matias P. J. Szabó; Marcelo B. Labruna


Forame Oval Patente e AVC Criptogênico: situação do PC-trial no Brasil e no mundo Patent Foramen Ovale and Cryptogenic Stroke: the PC-trial in Brazil and around the world  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Introduction: Several studies have shown an association between cryptogenic stroke and embolism from patent foramen ovale (PFO) but the question how to prevent further events is unresolved. PC-trial is a randomized clinical trial comparing the efficacy of percutaneous closure of PFO with medical treatment in patients with cryptogenic embolism, and is going on. The objective of this manuscript is

Marcia Maiumi Fukujima; Célia Maria Camelo Silva; Carlos Eduardo; Bernini Kapins; Antonio Carlos


Publicações indexadas geradas a partir de resumos de congressos de angiologia e cirurgia vascular no Brasil Indexed publications generated from abstracts of angiology and vascular surgery congresses in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Great part of the scientific production presented in congresses is not published. Even in developed countries, figures show an expressive difference between presentations and publications. Objective: To evaluate the number of published and indexed articles, based on available national and international databases, searching for titles and authors of papers and panels from Brazilian vascular surgery congresses held in 2001

Winston Bonetti Yoshida; Nicole França Holmo; Gabriela Tieme Corregliano; Karina Marcellino Baldon


Evaluación experimental de rodolitos como sustratos vivos para la infauna en el Banco de Abrolhos, Brasil Experimental evaluation of rhodoliths as living substrata for infauna at the Abrolhos Bank, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over large areas of the Brazilian continental shelf, coralline algal rhodoliths provide habitats with high community diversity. In order to understand the role of rhodoliths in structuring the poorly studied infauna of these habitats, we determined seasonal patterns of their size and shape related to the associated biota, and experimentally tested the influence of living substrata in the Abrolhos Archipelago

K Santos de Menezes; EM Costa-Paiva; PC Paiva; CRR Ventura


As Atividades de Treinamento Em Sensoriamento Remoto No Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais-Inpe/Brasil (Training Activities in Remote Sensing at the Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais-Inpe/Brazil).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Institute for Space Research (Instituto de Pesquisas Espaciais - INPE) began its research program in remote sensing in 1972, with the launching of the American LANDSAT satellites. Research was developed mainly in the field of natural resources, throug...

T. M. Sausen R. Pereiradacunha




Microsoft Academic Search

The presented paper aims to analyze the perception on 3 dimensions of business associateship (management skill, business relationship and representativeness) by young entrepreneurs, besides putting in context the associativity movement in Brasil. In order to do so, the article presents a brief theoretical review, a few data on the entrepreneurial context in Brasil and finally a quantitative survey research introduces



Cidadania, identidade e multiculturalismo Cidadania, identidade e multiculturalismo Cidadania, identidade e multiculturalismo Cidadania, identidade e multiculturalismo Cidadania, identidade e multiculturalismo  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: O argumento desenvolvido neste artigo procura demonstrar a necessidade de incorporar a discussão das diferenças no conceito de cidadania. No Brasil, a diferença étnico-racial sempre foi geradora de desigualdades entre brancos e negros. A construção de um conceito de cidadania que leve em consideração tal fenômeno certamente contribuirá para diminuir as desigualdades entre brancos e negros no Brasil. O

Márcio Mucedula Aguiar


77 FR 72776 - Airworthiness Directives; Embraer S.A. Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos-SP- BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP--BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732;...



77 FR 33334 - Airworthiness Directives; Embraer S.A. Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos--SP-- BRASIL; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732...Putim--12227-901 S[atilde]o Jose dos Campos-SP--Brasil; telephone +55 12 3927-5852 or +55 12 3309-0732;...



Impacto da redução dos encargos trabalhistas sobre a formalização e o salário das empregadas domésticas  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente artigo faz uma avaliação da polarização de renda no Brasil para os anos de 1981 e 2003. Após diferenciar os conceitos de polarização e de desigualdade de renda, calculamos o índice de polarização da renda no Brasil, com base na metodologia proposta por Esteban, Gradin e Ray (1999). Os resultados indicam que a bipolarização se manteve praticamente constante

Maria Isabel Accoroni Theodoro; Luiz Guilherme Scorzafave



On safari to Random Jungle: a fast implementation of Random Forests for high-dimensional data  

PubMed Central

Motivation: Genome-wide association (GWA) studies have proven to be a successful approach for helping unravel the genetic basis of complex genetic diseases. However, the identified associations are not well suited for disease prediction, and only a modest portion of the heritability can be explained for most diseases, such as Type 2 diabetes or Crohn's disease. This may partly be due to the low power of standard statistical approaches to detect gene–gene and gene–environment interactions when small marginal effects are present. A promising alternative is Random Forests, which have already been successfully applied in candidate gene analyses. Important single nucleotide polymorphisms are detected by permutation importance measures. To this day, the application to GWA data was highly cumbersome with existing implementations because of the high computational burden. Results: Here, we present the new freely available software package Random Jungle (RJ), which facilitates the rapid analysis of GWA data. The program yields valid results and computes up to 159 times faster than the fastest alternative implementation, while still maintaining all options of other programs. Specifically, it offers the different permutation importance measures available. It includes new options such as the backward elimination method. We illustrate the application of RJ to a GWA of Crohn's disease. The most important single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) validate recent findings in the literature and reveal potential interactions. Availability: The RJ software package is freely available at Contact:; Supplementary information: Supplementary data are available at Bioinformatics online.

Schwarz, Daniel F.; Konig, Inke R.; Ziegler, Andreas



The origin of Jupiter's outer radiation belt  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The intense inner radiation belt at Jupiter (>50 MeV at 1.5 RJ) is generally accepted to be created by radial diffusion of electrons from further away from the planet. However, this requires a source with energies that exceed 1 MeV outside the orbit of the moon Io at 5.9 RJ, which has never been explained satisfactorily. Here we test the hypothesis that this source population could be formed from a very soft energy spectrum, by particle injection processes and resonant electron acceleration via whistler mode chorus waves. We use the British Antarctic Survey Radiation Belt Model to calculate the change in the electron flux between 6.5 and 15 RJ; these are the first simulations at Jupiter combining wave particle interactions and radial diffusion. The resulting electron flux at 100 keV and 1 MeV lies very close to the Galileo Interim Radiation Electron model spectrum after 1 and 10 days, respectively. The primary driver for the increase in the flux is cyclotron resonant acceleration by chorus waves. A peak in phase space density forms such that inside L?9 radial diffusion transports electrons toward Jupiter, but outside L?9 radial diffusion acts away from the planet. The results are insensitive to the softness of the initial energy spectrum but do depend on the value of the flux at the minimum energy boundary. We conclude by suggesting that the source population for the inner radiation belt at Jupiter could indeed be formed by wave-particle interactions.

Woodfield, E. E.; Horne, R. B.; Glauert, S. A.; Menietti, J. D.; Shprits, Y. Y.



Fatty acids derived from royal jelly are modulators of estrogen receptor functions.  


Royal jelly (RJ) excreted by honeybees and used as a nutritional and medicinal agent has estrogen-like effects, yet the compounds mediating these effects remain unidentified. The possible effects of three RJ fatty acids (FAs) (10-hydroxy-2-decenoic-10H2DA, 3,10-dihydroxydecanoic-3,10DDA, sebacic acid-SA) on estrogen signaling was investigated in various cellular systems. In MCF-7 cells, FAs, in absence of estradiol (E(2)), modulated the estrogen receptor (ER) recruitment to the pS2 promoter and pS2 mRNA levels via only ER? but not ER?, while in presence of E(2) FAs modulated both ER? and ER?. Moreover, in presence of FAs, the E(2)-induced recruitment of the EAB1 co-activator peptide to ER? is masked and the E(2)-induced estrogen response element (ERE)-mediated transactivation is inhibited. In HeLa cells, in absence of E(2), FAs inhibited the ERE-mediated transactivation by ER? but not ER?, while in presence of E(2), FAs inhibited ERE-activity by both ER? and ER?. Molecular modeling revealed favorable binding of FAs to ER? at the co-activator-binding site, while binding assays showed that FAs did not bind to the ligand-binding pocket of ER? or ER?. In KS483 osteoblasts, FAs, like E(2), induced mineralization via an ER-dependent way. Our data propose a possible molecular mechanism for the estrogenic activities of RJ's components which, although structurally entirely different from E(2), mediate estrogen signaling, at least in part, by modulating the recruitment of ER?, ER? and co-activators to target genes. PMID:21203528

Moutsatsou, Paraskevi; Papoutsi, Zoi; Kassi, Eva; Heldring, Nina; Zhao, Chunyan; Tsiapara, Anna; Melliou, Eleni; Chrousos, George P; Chinou, Ioanna; Karshikoff, Andrey; Nilsson, Lennart; Dahlman-Wright, Karin



Inference of the angular velocity of plasma in the Jovian magnetosphere from the sweepback of magnetic field  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The averaged angular velocity of plasma from magnetic observations is evaluated using plasma outflow rate as a parameter. New techniques are developed to calculate the normal and azimuthal components of the magnetic field in and near to the plasma sheet in a plasma sheet coordinate system. The revised field components differ substantially from the quantities used in previous analyses. With the revised field values, it appears that during the Voyager 2 flyby for an outflow rate of 2.5 x 10 exp 29 amu/s, the observed magnetic torque may be sufficient to keep the plasma in corotation to radial distances of 50 Rj in the postmidnight quadrant.

Khurana, K. K.; Kivelson, M. G.



On the existence of a solution to a quasilinear elliptic system of the Lane, Emden and Fowler type  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this article, we give an algorithm to obtain the existence of a solution for a quasilinear elliptic system. Our result is new and is based on a recent work of [R.J. Biezuner, J. Brown, G. Ercole and E.M. Martins, Computing the first eigenpair of the p-Laplacian via inverse iteration of sublinear supersolutions, J. Sci. Computation, 2011]. Such problems appear in boundary layer phenomena for viscous fluids, the equilibrium configuration of mass in a spherical cloud of gas, thermal explosion as well as in others applications.

Covei, Drago?-P?tru



Cohort Consortium Publications

BMI and All Cause Mortality Pooling Project 2010 Berrington de Gonzalez B, Hartge P, Cerhan JR, Flint AJ, Hannan L, MacInnis RJ, Moore SC, Tobias GS, Anton-Culver H, Beane Freeman L, W. Beeson L, Clipp SL, English DR, Folsom AR, Freedman DM, Giles G, Hakansson N, Henderson KD, Hoffman-Bolton J, Hoppin JA, Koenig KL, Lee IM, Linet MS, Park Y, Pocobelli G, Schatzkin A, Sesso HD, Weiderpass E, Willcox BJ, Wolk A, Zeleniuch-Jacquotte A, Willett WC, Thun MJ.


A symmetry model for genetic coding via a wallpaper group composed of the traditional four bases and an imaginary base E: Towards category theory-like systematization of molecular/genetic biology  

PubMed Central

Background Previously, we suggested prototypal models that describe some clinical states based on group postulates. Here, we demonstrate a group/category theory-like model for molecular/genetic biology as an alternative application of our previous model. Specifically, we focus on deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) base sequences. Results We construct a wallpaper pattern based on a five-letter cruciform motif with letters C, A, T, G, and E. Whereas the first four letters represent the standard DNA bases, the fifth is introduced for ease in formulating group operations that reproduce insertions and deletions of DNA base sequences. A basic group Z5?=?{r, u, d, l, n} of operations is defined for the wallpaper pattern, with which a sequence of points can be generated corresponding to changes of a base in a DNA sequence by following the orbit of a point of the pattern under operations in group Z5. Other manipulations of DNA sequence can be treated using a vector-like notation ‘Dj’ corresponding to a DNA sequence but based on the five-letter base set; also, ‘Dj’s are expressed graphically. Insertions and deletions of a series of letters ‘E’ are admitted to assist in describing DNA recombination. Likewise, a vector-like notation Rj can be constructed for sequences of ribonucleic acid (RNA). The wallpaper group B?=?{Z5×?, ?} (an ?-fold Cartesian product of Z5) acts on Dj (or Rj) yielding changes to Dj (or Rj) denoted by ‘Dj?B(j?k)?=?Dk’ (or ‘Rj?B(j?k)?=?Rk’). Based on the operations of this group, two types of groups—a modulo 5 linear group and a rotational group over the Gaussian plane, acting on the five bases—are linked as parts of the wallpaper group for broader applications. As a result, changes, insertions/deletions and DNA (RNA) recombination (partial/total conversion) are described. As an exploratory study, a notation for the canonical “central dogma” via a category theory-like way is presented for future developments. Conclusions Despite the large incompleteness of our methodology, there is fertile ground to consider a symmetry model for genetic coding based on our specific wallpaper group. A more integrated formulation containing “central dogma” for future molecular/genetic biology remains to be explored.



Mechanism of action of the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug flufenamate on [Ca 2+], and Ca 2+-activated currents in neurons  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have shown previously that the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug flufenamate (FFA) causes a maintained increase in [Ca2+]i and transient increases in a Ca2+-activated nonselective cation current (ICAN) and a Ca2+-activated slow, outward Cl? current (Io-slow) in molluscan neurons [Shaw T, Lee R.J., Partridge L.D. Action of diphenylamine carboxylate derivatives, a family of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, on [Ca2+]i and Ca2+-activated channels

Rebecca J. Lee; Travis Shaw; Michael Sandquist; L. Donald Partridge



NREM Sleep Parasomnia Associated with Chiari I Malformation  

PubMed Central

Parasomnias are common sleep disorders in children, and most cases resolve naturally by adolescence.1 They represent arousal disorders beginning in NREM sleep and are generally non-concerning in children. The diagnosis can usually be made by clinical assessment, and testing with polysomnography is not routinely indicated.2 However, in certain cases with atypical features, polysomnography and more extensive neurologic evaluation are medically indicated. Citation: Daftary AS; Walker JM; Farney RJ. NREM Sleep Parasomnia associated with Chiari I malformation. J Clin Sleep Med 2011;7(5):526-529.

Daftary, Ameet S.; Walker, James M.; Farney, Robert J.



Intermolecular potential energy surfaces of weakly bound dimers computed from ab initio density functional theory: The right answer for the right reason  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ab initio density functional theory has been applied for the weakly interacting, He 2, He-Be 2+, Ne 2 and Be 2. The results are competitive with the highly accurate coupled-cluster method. The original implementation of the method, which includes correlation, [I. Grabowski, S. Hirata, S. Ivanov, R.J. Bartlett, J. Chem. Phys. 116 (2002) 4415] significantly overestimates the binding in all cases. However, using semi-canonical orbitals as in generalized many-body perturbation theory leads to consistently good potential energy surfaces. The notorious Be dimer potential is about 30% too deep, but virtually parallel to reference results, and much better than MP2.

Lotrich, Victor F.; Bartlett, Rodney J.; Grabowski, Ireneusz



Self broadening in the nu-1 band of NH3  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Self-broadening coefficients, pressure shifts, and integrated intensities have been measured for Q- and R-branch transitions in the nu-1 fundamental band of ammonia using a difference-frequency laser spectrometer. A strong, systematic J and K dependence of the broadening coefficients, reminiscent of the ground-state inversion transitions, is observed and compared with semiclassical line broadening calculations. Dicke narrowing is evident at intermediate pressures for the sharpest lines, primarily the R(J, 0) transitions. Incipient line mixing is apparent in the Q branch at pressures above about 0.1 bar.

Markov, V. N.; Pine, A. S.; Buffa, G.; Tarrini, O.



Localizing surface plasmons with a metal-cladding superlens for projecting deep-subwavelength patterns  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Superlens, which is proposed to realize sub-diffraction-limited optical imaging, has been experimentally verified (N. Fang et al., Science 308, 534 (2005), D. Melville and R.J. Blaikie, Opt. Express 13, 2127 (2005)). Based on the basic experimental configuration, here we propose a metal-cladding structure developed to effectively localize the surface plasmons for projecting deep-subwavelength patterns. We give a numerical analysis on the structure and show that proper choices of incident wavelength can realize either deep-subwavelength interference patterning or high-quality optical imaging. The study presented here is believed to provide an approach for developing high-resolution optical lithography.

Xu, T.; Fang, L.; Ma, J.; Zeng, B.; Liu, Y.; Cui, J.; Wang, C.; Feng, Q.; Luo, X.



Dynamics of Charged Nano-Dust in the Jovian Rings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main ring of Jupiter with an outer edge at 1.806 RJ is maintained by the small satellite, Adrastea. After passing the orbit of Metis at 1,798 RJ a ring halo begins to take shape characterizied by extended vertical structure. According to Burns, Schaffer, Greenberg and Showalter (1985), this feature is related to the motion of the charged sub-micron dust grains under the influence of the Lorentz force. For charge-to-mass (q/m) ratio exceeds a certain value, the small dust grains could be injected into the Jovian atmosphere after following trajectories alighned with the magnetic field. This is likely the cause of the cutoff of the inner Jovian rings at the orbital position which coincident with the 2:1 Lorentz resonance. Because the JUNO spacecraft will move through the gap between the Jovian upper atmosphere and the 2:1 LR location, it is interesting to investigate to what extent would the charged nano-dust be able to from a three-dimensional cocoon/envelope surrounding Jupiter just providing an important opportunity to study the ring material by in-situ measurements. The same consideration can be applied to the nano-dust in the D-ring of Saturn which will be investigated intensively by the Cassini spacecraft in its Proximal Orbits Phase in 2017 before the end of the Cassini-Huygens mission.

Ip, W.; Liu, C.; Liu, Y.



Improved Reversible Jump Algorithms for Bayesian Species Delimitation  

PubMed Central

Several computational methods have recently been proposed for delimiting species using multilocus sequence data. Among them, the Bayesian method of Yang and Rannala uses the multispecies coalescent model in the likelihood framework to calculate the posterior probabilities for the different species-delimitation models. It has a sound statistical basis and is found to have nice statistical properties in simulation studies, such as low error rates of undersplitting and oversplitting. However, the method suffers from poor mixing of the reversible-jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (rjMCMC) algorithms. Here, we describe several modifications to the algorithms. We propose a flexible prior that allows the user to specify the probability that each node on the guide tree represents a true speciation event. We also introduce modifications to the rjMCMC algorithms that remove the constraint on the new species divergence time when splitting and alter the gene trees to remove incompatibilities. The new algorithms are found to improve mixing of the Markov chain for both simulated and empirical data sets.

Rannala, Bruce; Yang, Ziheng



Roche volume filling of star clusters in the Milky Way  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We examine the ratios rh/rJ of projected half-mass and Jacobi radius as well as rt/rJ of tidal and Jacobi radius for open and globular clusters in the Milky Way using data of both observations and simulations. We applied an improved calculation of rJ for eccentric orbits of globular clusters. A sample of 236 open clusters of Piskunov et al. within the nearest kiloparsec around the Sun has been used. For the Milky Way globular clusters, data are taken from the Harris catalogue. We particularly use the subsample of 38 Milky Way globular clusters for which orbits have been integrated by Dinescu et al. We aim to quantify the differences between open and globular clusters and to understand, why they form two intrinsically distinct populations. We find under certain assumptions, or, in other words, in certain approximations (i) that globular clusters are presently Roche volume underfilling, (ii) with at least 3? confidence that the ratio rh/rJ of half-mass and Jacobi radius is three to five times larger at present for an average open cluster in our sample than for an average globular cluster in our sample and (iii) that a significant fraction of globular clusters may be Roche volume overfilling at pericentre with rt > rJ. Another aim of this paper is to throw light on the underlying theoretical reason for the existence of the van den Bergh correlation between half-mass and Galactocentric radius.

Ernst, A.; Just, A.



First Principles Derivation of Nls Equation for Bec with Cubic and Quintic Nonlinearities at Nonzero Temperature: Dispersion of Linear Waves  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a derivation of the quantum hydrodynamic (QHD) equations for neutral bosons. We consider the short-range interaction between particles. This interaction consist of a binary interaction U( ri, rj) and a three-particle interaction (TPI) U( ri, rj, rk) and the last one does not include binary interaction between particles. From QHD equations for Bose-Einstein condensate we derive a nonlinear Schrödinger equation. This equation was derived for zero temperature and contains the nonlinearities of the third and the fifth degree. Explicit form of the constant of the TPI is obtained. First of all, developed method we used for studying of dispersion of the linear waves. Dispersion characteristics of the linear waves are compared for different particular cases. We make comparison of the two-particle interaction in the third order by the interaction radius (TOIR) and TPI at the zero temperature. We consider influence of the temperature on the dispersion of the elementary excitations. For this aim we derive a system of the QHD equations at nonzero temperature. Obtained system of equation is an analog of the well-known two-fluid hydrodynamics. Moreover, it is generalization of the two-fluid hydrodynamics equations due to TPI. Explicit expressions of the velocities for the first and the second sound via the concentration of superfluid and noncondensate components is calculated.

Andreev, P. A.



Fluid properties of the distant Jovian magnetotail plasma using New Horizons Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument's observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Solar Wind Around Pluto (SWAP) instrument onboard New Horizons (NH), obtained in situ measurements of low energy plasma ions (35 eV to 7.5 keV) in the distant Jovian magnetosphere during its 2007 flyby. 16 magnetopause crossings were observed between 1654 and 2429 RJ (1 RJ = 1 Jovian Radii) that were identified by transitions between magnetotail, boundary layer and magnetosheath plasma. We have developed a forward model of SWAP instrument in order to derive the fluid properties of the plasma ions in the Jovian magnetosheath where the plasma flux seems to be invariable for relatively long period of time and much higher than it is inside the magnetotail. We present the magnetosheath plasma fluid properties as derived using our preliminary model. Our results can explain the observed magnetopause crossings due to the magnetotail movement and compression. In addition, a correlation between plasma density and temperature was found. Since the statistical noise is much higher in the magnetotail dataset we explain what modifications are needed in our model and technique in order to derive the fluid properties of plasma ions in this region. Among others, we demonstrate how we can estimate the statistical noise of the data and we explore how this noise can affect the estimation of different plasma parameters.

Nicolaou, G.; McComas, D. J.; Bagenal, F.; Elliott, H. A.



Conserved upstream sequences of human class II major histocompatibility genes enhance expression of class II genes in wild-type but not mutant B-cell lines.  

PubMed Central

Class II major histocompatibility genes contain a conserved upstream sequence (CUS) that is important in the expression of these genes. This region has been divided into two major elements, the X box and the Y box. The ability of these elements to mediate transcription of a heterologous promoter was assayed upon transfection into a B-cell line (Raji), a class II-specific trans-acting factor-deficient B-cell line (RJ2.2.5 cells), and a T-cell line (Jurkat). The results showed that the X box element was responsible for directing tissue-specific expression when Raji cells were compared to Jurkat cells. The X box could not direct expression of the heterologous promoter in the trans-acting factor-deficient cell line, indicating that the X box is an ultimate target of the missing or defective factor in the RJ2.2.5 cell line. The Y box directed an equal but extremely low level of transcription in this system in both the mutant and wild-type B-cell lines, suggesting that this element is not involved in B-cell expression or as a target of the mutant factor. Images

Sloan, J H; Boss, J M



Rotational anisotropy of the Jovian magnetosphere at high latitudes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Ulysses spacecraft passed through the Jovian system in February 1992. Its trajectory, determined by its interplanetary mission, directed the spacecraft to the previously unexplored high-latitude regions of the Jovian magnetosphere. Like Pioneers 10 and 11 and the two Voyagers, Ulysses entered the magnetosphere in the near equatorial morning sector, but unlike the previous spacecraft, Ulysses exited at high latitude near local dusk. This report considerably extends the work of Lanzerotti et al. (1993) by analyzing the extent of rotational anisotropy at high southern Jovigraphic latitudes attained by Ulysses during its outbound pass. Using data acquired by the Ulysses Heliosphere Instrument for Spectral, Composition, and Anisotropy at Low Energies (HI-SCALE), we report some evidence of corotational flow in the high-latitude duskside magnetosphere. On the inbound pass the Ulysses HI-SCALE instrument observed anisotropies indicating partial corotation and a corotation lag. These data are consistent with Voyager plasma and energetic particle results. This is the first report of flow in the corotational direction from 44-57 RJ in the duskside, high-latitude Jovian magnetosphere. There is strong evidence for a substantially reduced corotational anisotropy in this duskside region relative to a comparable radial distance range, 47-59 RJ, on the dayside.

Hawkins, S. E.; Cheng, A. F.; Lanzerotti, L. J.; Maclennan, C. G.



Conserved upstream sequences of human class II major histocompatibility genes enhance expression of class II genes in wild-type but not mutant B-cell lines  

SciTech Connect

Class II major histocompatibility genes contain a conserved upstream sequence (CUS) that is important in the expression of these genes. This region has been divided into two major elements, the X box and the Y box. The ability of these elements to mediate transcription of a heterologous promoter was assayed upon transfection into a B-cell line (Raji), a class II-specific trans-acting factor-deficient B-cell line (RJ2.2.5 cells), and a T-cell line (Jurkat). The results showed that the X box element was responsible for directing tissue-specific expression when Raji cells were compared to Jurkat cells. The X box could not direct expression of the heterologous promoter in the trans-acting factor-deficient cell line, indicating that the X box is an ultimate target of the missing or defective factor in the RJ2.2.5 cell line. The Y box directed an equal but extremely low level of transcription in this system in both the mutant and wild-type B-cell lines, suggesting that this element is not involved in B-cell expression or as a target of the mutant factor.

Sloan, J.H.; Boss, J.M. (Emory Univ., Atlanta, GA (USA))



AMP N1-oxide, a unique compound of royal jelly, induces neurite outgrowth from PC12 cells via signaling by protein kinase A independent of that by mitogen-activated protein kinase  

PubMed Central

Earlier we identified adenosine monophosphate (AMP) N1-oxide as a unique compound of royal jelly (RJ) that induces neurite outgrowth (neuritegenesis) from cultured rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells via the adenosine A2A receptor. Now, we found that AMP N1-oxide stimulated the phosphorylation of not only mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) but also that of cAMP/calcium-response element-binding protein (CREB) in a dose-dependent manner. Inhibition of MAPK activation by a MEK inhibitor, PD98059, did not influence the AMP N1-oxide-induced neuritegenesis, whereas that of protein kinase A (PKA) by a selective inhibitor, KT5720, significantly reduced neurite outgrowth. AMP N1-oxide also had the activity of suppressing the growth of PC12 cells, which correlated well with the neurite outgrowth-promoting activity. KT5720 restored the growth of AMP N1-oxide-treated PC12 cells. It is well known that nerve growth factor suppresses proliferation of PC12 cells before causing stimulation of neuronal differentiation. Thus, AMP N1-oxide elicited neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells, as evidenced by generation of neurites, and inhibited cell growth through adenosine A2A receptor-mediated PKA signaling, which may be responsible for characteristic actions of RJ.

Hattori, Noriko; Nomoto, Hiroshi; Fukumitsu, Hidefumi; Mishima, Satoshi



Doppler Follow-up of Kepler Planets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Kepler Mission consists of a 1-meter Schmidt telescope in an Earth-trailing orbit designed to detect transiting planets in a field of 100 square degrees in the Cygnus-Lyra region, with an input Catalog of over 100,000 stars of V magnitude mostly 12 to 15. Doppler measurements are useful for verifying the planets and measuring their masses and orbits including eccentricity. The Kepler follow-up team is using the Keck telescope and HIRES spectrometer to make Doppler measurements with a precision of 3 m/s, a challenging goal for 13th mag stars. Novel Doppler techniques are being developed. The Doppler observations have helped confirm the discovery of exoplanets with sizes ranging from 0.6 Rj to1.5Rj with orbital periods of 3 to 9 days. Kepler was selected as the 10th mission of the Discovery Program. Funding for this mission is provided by NASA, Science Mission Directorate. Access to the Keck telescope was provided by NASA and by the University of California.

Marcy, Geoffrey W.; Borucki, W. J.; Basri, G.; Walkowicz, L.; Latham, D. W.; Buchave, L.; Cochran, W.; Endl, M.; Gautier, T. N.; Batalha, N.; Koch, D.; Johnson, J.; Fischer, D. A.; Howard, A.; Isaacson, H.; Kepler Team



R gene-controlled host specificity in the legume-rhizobia symbiosis  

PubMed Central

Leguminous plants can enter into root nodule symbioses with nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria known as rhizobia. An intriguing but still poorly understood property of the symbiosis is its host specificity, which is controlled at multiple levels involving both rhizobial and host genes. It is widely believed that the host specificity is determined by specific recognition of bacterially derived Nod factors by the cognate host receptor(s). Here we describe the positional cloning of two soybean genes Rj2 and Rfg1 that restrict nodulation with specific strains of Bradyrhizobium japonicum and Sinorhizobium fredii, respectively. We show that Rj2 and Rfg1 are allelic genes encoding a member of the Toll-interleukin receptor/nucleotide-binding site/leucine-rich repeat (TIR-NBS-LRR) class of plant resistance (R) proteins. The involvement of host R genes in the control of genotype-specific infection and nodulation reveals a common recognition mechanism underlying symbiotic and pathogenic host–bacteria interactions and suggests the existence of their cognate avirulence genes derived from rhizobia. This study suggests that establishment of a root nodule symbiosis requires the evasion of plant immune responses triggered by rhizobial effectors.

Yang, Shengming; Tang, Fang; Gao, Muqiang; Krishnan, Hari B.; Zhu, Hongyan



A Short-period Censor of Sub-Jupiter Mass Exoplanets with Low Density  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite the existence of many short-period hot Jupiters, there is not one hot Neptune with an orbital period less than 2.5 days. Here, we discuss a cluster analysis of the currently known 106 transiting exoplanets to investigate a possible explanation for this observation. We find two distinct clusters in the mass-density space, one with hot Jupiters with a wide range of orbital periods (0.8-114 days) and a narrow range of planet radii (1.2 ± 0.2 RJ ) and another one with a mixture of super-Earths, hot Neptunes, and hot Jupiters, exhibiting a surprisingly narrow period distribution (3.7 ± 0.8 days). These two clusters follow strikingly different distributions in the period-radius parameter plane. The branch of sub-Jupiter mass exoplanets is censored by the orbital period at the large-radius end: no planets with mass between 0.02 and 0.8 MJ or with radius between 0.25 and 1.0 RJ are known with P orb < 2.5 days. This clustering is not predicted by current theories of planet formation and evolution, which we also review briefly.

Szabó, Gy. M.; Kiss, L. L.



[Impact of a music therapy program on the stress level of health professionals].  


The study aimed to assess the effects of a music therapy program on the level of stress for female professionals working in a private hospital in Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. Thirty four female volunteers with 33.3 ± 8.5 years of age from different levels of professional participated in the study. We used the Lipp's inventory of symptoms of stress for adults (ISSL) to evaluate the level of stress of participants before and after music therapy. The program consisted of twelve sessions using the techniques of music therapy Improvisation and Musical Re-creation held once a week with 50 minutes / session in a period of three months. The Wilcoxon test for repeated measures was used for statistical analysis. The study showed a statistically significant decrease (? = - 60%, p <0.001) in the level of stress professionals studied after the music therapy program. In conclusion, the present study that the music therapy program was effective in decrease the level of stress of women health professionals working in a private hospital in Rio de Janeiro-RJ, Brazil. PMID:23887788

Taets, Gunnar Glauco de Cunto; Borba-Pinheiro, Claudio Joaquim; de Figueiredo, Nébia Maria Almeida; Dantas, Estélio Henrique Martin



Application of visible and shortwave near infrared spectrometer to predict sugarcane quality from different sample forms  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spectroscopic methods have been proposed to predict sugarcane quality in the field. There are different sample forms could be used to predict sugar content using spectroscopic methods; raw juice (RJ), clear juice (CJ), fibrated samples (FS), stalk cross sectional surface (SCS) and stalk skin (SS). Thus, this study was conducted to identify the optimum sample form for predicting quality using a low-cost and portable spectrometer. A total of 100 samples from each sample form were scanned using a visible-shortwave near infrared (Vis/SWNIR) spectrometer. The experiment was conducted under the same experimental setup and all data were treated using the same statistical methods. All spectral data were calibrated against brix value. The coefficient of determination (R2) for SCS, FS, CJ, SS and RJ were 0.88, 0.86, 0.84, 0.84, 0.81 and 0.80, respectively. The study found that a Vis/SWNIR spectrometer could be used to predict sugar content from all sample forms. The stalk samples scanned on cross sectional surface was found to be the optimum sample form for quality prediction using a Vis/SWNIR spectrometer.

Mat Nawi, Nazmi; Chen, Guangnan; Jensen, Troy



Value at 2 of the L-function of an elliptic curve  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the special value at 2 of L-functions of modular forms of weight 2 on congruence subgroups of the modular group. We prove an explicit version of Beilinson's theorem for the modular curve X_1(N). When N is prime, we deduce that the target space of Beilinson's regulator map is generated by the images of Milnor symbols associated to modular units of X_1(N). We also suggest a reformulation of Zagier's conjecture on L(E,2) for the jacobian J_1(N) of X_1(N), where E is an elliptic curve of conductor N. In this direction we define an analogue of the elliptic dilogarithm for any jacobian J : it is a function R_J from the complex points of J to a finite-dimensional vector space. In the case J=J_1(N), we establish a link between the aforementioned L-values and the function R_J evaluated at Q-rational points of the cuspidal subgroup of J.

Brunault, Francois



Comparison of bee products based on assays of antioxidant capacities  

PubMed Central

Background Bee products (including propolis, royal jelly, and bee pollen) are popular, traditional health foods. We compared antioxidant effects among water and ethanol extracts of Brazilian green propolis (WEP or EEP), its main constituents, water-soluble royal jelly (RJ), and an ethanol extract of bee pollen. Methods The hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-, superoxide anion (O2·-)-, and hydroxyl radical (HO·)- scavenging capacities of bee products were measured using antioxidant capacity assays that employed the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-sensitive probe 5-(and-6)-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate, acetyl ester (CM-H2DCFDA) or aminophenyl fluorescein (APF). Results The rank order of antioxidant potencies was as follows: WEP > EEP > pollen, but neither RJ nor 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA) had any effects. Concerning the main constituents of WEP, the rank order of antioxidant effects was: caffeic acid > artepillin C > drupanin, but neither baccharin nor coumaric acid had any effects. The scavenging effects of caffeic acid were as powerful as those of trolox, but stronger than those of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) or vitamin C. Conclusion On the basis of the present assays, propolis is the most powerful antioxidant of all the bee product examined, and its effect may be partly due to the various caffeic acids it contains. Pollen, too, exhibited strong antioxidant effects.

Nakajima, Yoshimi; Tsuruma, Kazuhiro; Shimazawa, Masamitsu; Mishima, Satoshi; Hara, Hideaki



An approach to estimate the areal rain-rate distribution from spaceborne radar by the use of multiple thresholds  

SciTech Connect

Estimates of rain rate derived from a spaceborne weather radar will be most reliable over an intermediate range of values. In forming an area average of the rain rate, an alternative to the averaging of the high-resolution estimates, irrespective of their individual accuracies, is a multiple threshold approach. The method is based on the fact that the fractional area above a particular rain-rate threshold R(j) is related to the cumulative distribution of rain rates evaluated at R(j). Varying the threshold over the effective dynamic range of the radar yields the cumulative distribution function over this range. To obtain the distribution at all rain rates, a lognormal or gamma test function is selected such that the mean-square error between the test function and the measured values is minimized. Once the unknown parameters are determined, the first-order statistics of the areawide rain-rate distribution can be found. Tests of the method with data from the SPANDAR radar provide comparisons between it and the single threshold and the direct averaging approaches. 12 refs.

Meneghini, R.; Jones, J.A. (Texas A M Univ., College Station (United States))



An approach to estimate the areal rain-rate distribution from spaceborne radar by the use of multiple thresholds  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Estimates of rain rate derived from a spaceborne weather radar will be most reliable over an intermediate range of values. In forming an area average of the rain rate, an alternative to the averaging of the high-resolution estimates, irrespective of their individual accuracies, is a multiple threshold approach. The method is based on the fact that the fractional area above a particular rain-rate threshold R(j) is related to the cumulative distribution of rain rates evaluated at R(j). Varying the threshold over the effective dynamic range of the radar yields the cumulative distribution function over this range. To obtain the distribution at all rain rates, a lognormal or gamma test function is selected such that the mean-square error between the test function and the measured values is minimized. Once the unknown parameters are determined, the first-order statistics of the areawide rain-rate distribution can be found. Tests of the method with data from the SPANDAR radar provide comparisons between it and the single threshold and the direct averaging approaches.

Meneghini, R.; Jones, J. A.



Reaction schemes, escape times and geminate recombinations in particle-based spatial simulations of biochemical reactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Modeling the spatiotemporal dynamics of biochemical reaction systems at single-molecule resolution has become feasible with the increase of computing power and is applied especially to cellular signal transduction. For an association reaction the two molecules have to be in contact. Hence, a physically faithful model of the molecular interaction assumes non-overlapping molecules that interact at their surfaces (boundary scheme). For performance reasons, this model can be replaced by particles that can overlap and react when they are closer than a certain distance with a reaction probability (volume scheme). Here we present an analytical approximation for the reaction probability in the volume scheme and compare the volume- with the boundary scheme. A dissociation reaction, in contrast, creates two molecules next to each other. If the reaction is reversible, these two products can directly re-bind again, leading to an overestimation of the dimerized state in the simulation. We show how the correct recombination rate can be achieved if the products of the dissociation are placed at identical positions, but cannot react for a certain timespan. This refractory time corresponds to the completion of the diffusion-controlled dissociation of the two molecules to their contact distance ri + rj at t = \\hat{\\tau }\\times (r_i+r_j)^2/(D_i+D_j) with \\hat{\\tau }= 1/10 for molecules with radii ri and rj and diffusion coefficients Di and Dj, respectively.

Klann, Michael; Koeppl, Heinz



Reactive tracer tests to predict dense nonaqueous phase liquid dissolution dynamics in laboratory flow chambers.  


Reactive tracer tests were conducted to evaluate the relationship between contaminant mass reduction, Rm, and flux reduction, Rj, in laboratory experiments with porous media contaminated with a dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL). The reduction in groundwater contaminant flux resulting from partial mass removal was obtained from continuous and pulsed cosolvent and surfactant flushing dissolution tests in laboratory flow chambers packed with heterogeneous porous media. Using the streamtubes concept a Lagrangian analytical solution was applied to study the contaminant dissolution. The analytical solution was independently parametrized using nonreactive and reactive tracertests and the predicted dissolution was compared to the observed data. Analytical solution parameters related to aquifer hydrodynamic heterogeneities were determined from a nonreactive tracer, while those related to DNAPL spatial distribution heterogeneity were obtained from a reactive tracer. Reactive travel time variance, derived from this combination of tracers, was used to predict the relationship between Rm and Rj. Predictions based on the tracer tests closely matched measured dissolution data, suggesting that tracers can be used to characterize the DNAPL spatial distribution heterogeneity controlling the dissolution behavior. Experimental results demonstrated that increased reactive travel time variance led to greater flux reduction for a given partial mass removal. PMID:18754382

Chen, X; Jawitz, J W



The RESTORE program of restorative justice for sex crimes: vision, process, and outcomes.  


The article reports empirical evaluation of RESTORE, a restorative justice (RJ) conferencing program adapted to prosecutor-referred adult misdemeanor and felony sexual assaults. RESTORE conferences included voluntary enrollment, preparation, and a face-to-face meeting where primary and secondary victims voice impacts, and responsible persons acknowledge their acts and together develop a re-dress plan that is supervised for 1 year. Process data included referral and consent rates, participant characteristics, observational ratings of conferences compared with program design, services delivered, and safety monitoring. Outcome evaluation used 22 cases to assess (a) pre-post reasons for choosing RESTORE, (b) preparation and conference experiences, (c) overall program and justice satisfaction, and (d) completion rates. This is the first peer-reviewed quantitative evaluation of RJ conferencing for adult sexual assault. Although the data have limitations, the results support cautious optimism regarding feasibility, safety, and satisfactory outcomes. They help envision how conferencing could expand and individualize justice options for sexual assault. PMID:24368680

Koss, Mary P



La Leche League International  


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Predictions of thermal and gravitational signals of Jupiter's deep zonal winds  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NASA's Juno spacecraft will make microwave and gravity measurements of Jupiter. These can reveal information about the composition of Jupiter's atmosphere and about the temperature and density structure below the visible clouds, which is in balance with the structure of the zonal winds. Here we show that there exist strong physical constraints on the structure of the off-equatorial deep zonal winds, and that these imply dynamical constraints on the thermal and gravitational signals Juno will measure. The constraints derive from the facts that Jupiter is rapidly rotating, has nearly inviscid flow, and has strong intrinsic heat fluxes emanating from the deep interior. Because of the strong intrinsic heat fluxes, Jupiter's interior is convecting, but the rapid rotation and weak viscosity constrain the convective motions away from the equator to occur primarily along cylinders parallel to the planet's spin axis. As a consequence, convection is expected to approximately homogenize entropy along the spin axis, thereby adjusting the interior to a convectively and inertially nearly neutral state. In this state, entropy gradients perpendicular to the spin axis are constant but generally not zero on cylinders concentric with the spin axis. Additionally, thermal wind balance relates entropy gradients perpendicular to the spin axis to the zonal wind shear between the observed cloud-level winds and winds in the deep interior (pressures of order 106 bar), which must be much weaker because otherwise the Ohmic energy dissipation produced by the interaction of the zonal winds with the planetary magnetic field would exceed the planetary luminosity. Combining these physical constraints with thermal and electrical properties of the atmosphere, we obtain that zonal winds away from the equator likely extend deeply into Jupiter (to a depth between about 0.84RJ and 0.94RJ with Jupiter radius RJ) but have strengths similar to cloud level winds only within the outer few percent of Jupiter's radius. Meridional equator-to-pole temperature contrasts in thermal wind balance with the zonal winds increase with depth and reach ˜1-2 K at 50 bar; they would reach O(10 K) if the winds were shallowly confined, as has been proposed previously. Such temperature contrasts will be detectable by Juno's microwave instrument and are expected to be much larger than those associated with variations in water vapor abundance. The associated gravitational signals of the zonal winds will also be detectable by Juno, but they will be more difficult to distinguish from those implied by other flow models with deep zonal flows. The combination of Juno's gravity and microwave instruments should be able to distinguish deep flows (detectable gravitational signals) from shallow flows (detectable thermal signals), providing strong constraints on the penetration depth of substantial zonal winds.

Liu, Junjun; Schneider, Tapio; Kaspi, Yohai



Optical-Ultraviolet Spectrum and Proper Motion of the Middle-aged Pulsar B1055-52  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

PSR B1055-52 is a middle-aged (? = 535 kyr) radio, X-ray, and ?-ray pulsar showing X-ray thermal emission from the neutron star (NS) surface. A candidate optical counterpart to PSR B1055-52 was proposed by Mignani and coworkers based on Hubble Space Telescope (HST) observations performed in 1996, in one spectral band only. We report on HST observations of this field carried out in 2008, in four spectral bands. The astrometric and photometric analyses of these data confirm the identification of the proposed candidate as the pulsar's optical counterpart. Similar to other middle-aged pulsars, its optical-UV spectrum can be described by the sum of a power-law (PLO) component (F_{?} ? ?^{-?_O}), presumably emitted from the pulsar magnetosphere, and a Rayleigh-Jeans (RJ) component emitted from the NS surface. The spectral index of the PLO component, ?O = 1.05 ± 0.34, is larger than for other pulsars with optical counterparts. The RJ component, with a brightness temperature T O = (0.66 ± 0.10) d 2 350 R -2 O,13 MK (where d 350 and R O,13 are the distance to the pulsar in units of 350 pc and the radius of the emitting area in units of 13 km, respectively), shows a factor of 4 excess with respect to the extrapolation of the X-ray thermal component into the UV-optical. This hints that the RJ component is emitted from a larger, colder area, and suggests that the distance to the pulsar is smaller than previously thought. From absolute astrometry of the HST images, we measured the pulsar coordinates with a position accuracy of 0farcs15. From comparison with previous observations, we measured the pulsar proper motion, ? = 42 ± 5 mas yr-1, which corresponds to a transverse velocity Vt = (70 ± 8) d 350 km s-1. Based on observations with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope, obtained at the Space Telescope Science Institute, which is operated by AURA, Inc., under contract No. NAS 5-26555. Based on observations collected at the European Southern Observatory (ESO), La Silla, and Paranal, Chile under program ID 68.D-0407(A).

Mignani, R. P.; Pavlov, G. G.; Kargaltsev, O.



Galileo in-situ dust measurements in Jupiter’s gossamer rings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Galileo was the first artificial satellite to orbit Jupiter. During its late orbital mission the spacecraft made two passages through the giant planet's gossamer ring system. The impact-ionization dust detector on board successfully recorded dust impacts during both ring passages and provided the first in-situ measurements from a dusty planetary ring. During the first passage—on 5 November 2002 while Galileo was approaching Jupiter—dust measurements were collected until a spacecraft anomaly at 2.33 RJ (Jupiter radii) just 16 min after a close flyby of Amalthea put the spacecraft into a safing mode. The second ring passage on 21 September 2003 provided ring dust measurements down to about 2.5 RJ and the Galileo spacecraft was destroyed shortly thereafter in a planned impact with Jupiter. In all, a few thousand dust impacts were counted with the instrument accumulators during both ring passages, but only a total of 110 complete data sets of dust impacts were transmitted to Earth. Detected particle sizes range from about 0.2 to 5 ?m, extending the known size distribution by an order of magnitude towards smaller particles than previously derived from optical imaging [Showalter, M.R., de Pater, I., Verbanac, G., Hamilton, D.P., Burns, J.A., 2008. Icarus 195, 361-377; de Pater, I., Showalter, M.R., Macintosh, B., 2008. Icarus 195, 348-360]. The grain size distribution increases towards smaller particles and shows an excess of these tiny motes in the Amalthea gossamer ring compared to the Thebe ring. The size distribution for the Amalthea ring derived from our in-situ measurements for the small grains agrees very well with the one obtained from images for large grains. Our analysis shows that particles contributing most to the optical cross-section are about 5 ?m in radius, in agreement with imaging results. The measurements indicate a large drop in particle flux immediately interior to Thebe's orbit and some detected particles seem to be on highly-tilted orbits with inclinations up to 20°. Finally, the faint Thebe ring extension was detected out to at least 5 RJ, indicating that grains attain higher eccentricities than previously thought. The drop interior to Thebe, the excess of submicron grains at Amalthea, and the faint ring extension indicate that grain dynamics is strongly influenced by electromagnetic forces. These findings can all be explained by a shadow resonance as detailed by Hamilton and Krüger [Hamilton, D.P., Krüger, H., 2008. Nature 453, 72-75].

Krüger, Harald; Hamilton, Douglas P.; Moissl, Richard; Grün, Eberhard



New description of Io's cold plasma torus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Despite more than 25 years of study of the Io plasma torus, its generation, dynamics, and even its spatial structure are still poorly understood, especially in the case of the inner, cold region of the torus. To remedy this lack, we analyzed ground-based coronagraphic images of the torus in S+ 6371 Å emission. We derived cold torus properties by modeling and removing these images' inherent line-of-sight integration and atmospheric blurring, using new deconvolution techniques, obtaining high-spatial-resolution estimates of the three-dimensional (3-D) S+ distributions. From these 3-D distributions, we discovered that the cold torus is washer-shaped, with a roughly constant vertical thickness ?0.25 Jovian radius (RJ), and a radial width that varies from 0.6 to 0.9 RJ. The cold torus is separated by a 0.1-0.2 RJ-wide low-density region, or "gap," from the "ribbon" region which lies just outside it. The small, approximately constant washer height implies an ion parallel temperature (T?) of ˜3 eV, compared with a ribbon T? that varies from about 20 to 50 eV as a function of Jovian magnetic longitude (?III). The washer has a distinct inner edge, not seen before, whose jovicentric distance varies with ?III so as to create the variable cold torus width. Thus this inner edge is concentric with neither Jupiter nor the rest of the torus. We also confirm the existence of a tilt between the midplanes of the ribbon and cold torus, with an orientation that cannot be produced by the magnetic mirror force acting on ion temperature anisotropy. The structure and composition of the gap and cold torus are best explained by a model in which a small amount of warm S+ plasma diffuses inwards while radiatively cooling. While still warm, its distribution over a large scale height keeps its density small, forming the gap. After sufficient cooling, it collapses to the centrifugal equator, where its higher density and continued inward diffusion make it more visible as the cold torus washer. However, its low electron temperature (probably ? T?) must be kept from further decline by a hitherto-unsuspected energy source that powers the observed visible wavelength radiation from the cold torus and fluctuates on timescales less than the plasma diffusion time. The formation of the abrupt cold torus inner edge might indicate the loss there of either this energy source or the plasma itself.

Herbert, Floyd; Schneider, Nicholas M.; Dessler, A. J.



Mapping beech ( Fagus sylvatica L.) forest structure with airborne hyperspectral imagery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Estimating forest structural attributes using multispectral remote sensing is challenging because of the saturation of multispectral indices at high canopy cover. The objective of this study was to assess the utility of hyperspectral data in estimating and mapping forest structural parameters including mean diameter-at-breast height (DBH), mean tree height and tree density of a closed canopy beech forest ( Fagus sylvatica L.). Airborne HyMap images and data on forest structural attributes were collected from the Majella National Park, Italy in July 2004. The predictive performances of vegetation indices (VI) derived from all possible two-band combinations (VI ( i, j) = ( Ri - Rj)/( Ri + Rj), where Ri and Rj = reflectance in any two bands) were evaluated using calibration ( n = 33) and test ( n = 20) data sets. The potential of partial least squares (PLS) regression, a multivariate technique involving several bands was also assessed. New VIs based on the contrast between reflectance in the red-edge shoulder (756-820 nm) and the water absorption feature centred at 1200 nm (1172-1320 nm) were found to show higher correlations with the forest structural parameters than standard VIs derived from NIR and visible reflectance (i.e. the normalised difference vegetation index, NDVI). PLS regression showed a slight improvement in estimating the beech forest structural attributes (prediction errors of 27.6%, 32.6% and 46.4% for mean DBH, height and tree density, respectively) compared to VIs using linear regression models (prediction errors of 27.8%, 35.8% and 48.3% for mean DBH, height and tree density, respectively). Mean DBH was the best predicted variable among the stand parameters (calibration R2 = 0.62 for an exponential model fit and standard error of prediction = 5.12 cm, i.e. 25% of the mean). The predicted map of mean DBH revealed high heterogeneity in the beech forest structure in the study area. The spatial variability of mean DBH occurs at less than 450 m. The DBH map could be useful to forest management in many ways, e.g. thinning of coppice to promote diameter growth, to assess the effects of management on forest structure or to detect changes in the forest structure caused by anthropogenic and natural factors.

Cho, Moses Azong; Skidmore, Andrew K.; Sobhan, Istiak


Genetic variation in the 3' untranslated region of dengue virus serotype 3 strains isolated from mosquitoes and humans in Brazil  

PubMed Central

Summary Background Dengue, a mosquito-borne viral infection caused by one of the four dengue virus (DENV) serotypes (DENV-1 to 4), replicate alternately on the mosquito vector and human host and are responsible for infections throughout tropical and subtropical regions of the world. In Brazil, the disease has become a major public health problem and the introduction of DENV-3 in 2000 in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) was associated with severe dengue epidemics. The potential emergence of strains associated with severe disease highlights the need for the surveillance of DENV in human host and vectors. Methods Aiming to contribute for DENV phylogenetic and vector-virus-human host studies, we sequenced the entire genome of one DENV-3 isolated from naturally infected Aedes aegypti from RJ in 2001 and characterized the 3’ UTR from strains isolated from mosquitoes and humans. Mosquitoes were pooled and submitted to virus isolation in Ae. albopictus C6/36 cells and the infecting serotype was identified by immunofluorescence using type-specific monoclonal antibody. Sequence analysis was performed using BioEdit software, the multiple alignments were performed using CLUSTAL W and the phylogenetic analysis by MEGA 5, using the Neighbor-joining method. Secondary structure prediction was performed by using the MFOLD program. Results Exclusive substitutions and a substitution leading to a stop codon on the NS5 gene were observed in the DENV-3 isolated from a naturally infected Ae. aegypti and fully sequenced. As an 8- nucleotides deletion was observed within the 11- nucleotides (nts) insertion on the variable region (VR) from the 3?UTR in this isolate, we further sequenced other DENV-3 from both mosquitoes and humans. The majority of DENV-3 from RJ analyzed were characterized by the 11-nts insertion in the VR of the 3?UTR, despite the observation of strains carrying the 8-nts deletion. The latter presented similar secondary structures, however not all strains presenting the 11-nts insertion were similar in the predicted secondary structure. Conclusions The phylogeny based on the analysis of the complete genome and 3?UTR characterized the DENV-3 isolated from both vector and human host as belonging to Genotype III (GIII), despite the differences observed on the 3’ UTR. Further studies are needed to address the role of those mutations in the transmission of the different viral populations and vector competence.



On the importance of searching for oscillations of the Jovian inner radiation belt with a quasi-period of 40 minutes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experiments aboard the Ulysses spacecraft discovered quasi-periodic bursts of relativistic electrons and of radio emissions with ~40-min period (QP-40) from the south polar direction of Jupiter in 1992 February. Such polar QP-40 burst activities were found to correlate well with arrivals of high-speed solar winds at Jupiter. We advance the physical scenario that the inner radiation belt (IRB) within a distance of ~2-3 RJ (where RJ is the radius of Jupiter), where relativistic electrons are known to be trapped using the diagnostics of synchrotron emissions, can execute global QP-40 magnetoinertial oscillations excited by arrivals of high-speed solar winds at the Jovian magnetosphere. Modulated by such QP-40 IRB oscillations, relativistic electrons trapped in the IRB may escape from the magnetic circumpolar regions during a certain phase of each 40-min period to form circumpolar QP-40 relativistic electron bursts. Highly beamed synchrotron emissions from such QP-40 burst electrons with small pitch angles relative to Jovian magnetic fields at ~30-40 RJ give rise to QP-40 radio bursts with typical frequencies <~0.2 MHz. We predict that the synchrotron brightness of the IRB should vary on QP-40 time-scales upon arrivals of high-speed solar winds with estimated magnitudes >~0.1 Jy, detectable by existing ground-based radio telescopes. The recent discovery of ~45-min pulsations of Jupiter's north polar X-ray hot spot by the High-Resolution Camera (HRC) of the Chandra spacecraft provides strong supporting circumstantial evidence that the IRB neighborhood did oscillate with QP-40 time-scales. Using the real-time solar wind data from the spacecraft Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE), we show here that such QP-40 pulsations of Jupiter's north polar X-ray hot spot did in fact coincide with the arrival of high-speed solar wind at Jupiter. We note also that properly sampled data of simultaneous far-ultraviolet images of auroral ovals obtained by the Hubble Space Telescope imaging spectrograph (HST-STIS) would have contained QP-40 oscillatory signatures. Based on our theoretical analysis, we offer several predictions that can be tested by further spacecraft and ground-based telescope observations.

Lou, Yu-Qing; Zheng, Chen




Microsoft Academic Search

4 D.S. - DEC\\/UFV, . Resumo: Há uma estreita relação entre qualidade de vida, sustentabilidade dos recursos hídricos e controle de cargas poluidoras. Uma gama de doenças está relacionada à qualidade da água utilizada; estima-se que até 10% do tempo útil de trabalho no mundo seja desperdiçado devido às condições da água utilizada. O grande déficit nos serviços de saneamento

Aníbal da Fonseca Santiago; Maria Lúcia Calijuri


Torio: uma das aplicacoes analiticas da ativacao neutronica e espectrometria alfa no CDTN nas ultimas tres decadas do Brasil. (Thorium: one of the analytical techniques in neutronic activation and alpha spectrometry of the CDTN (Brazilian Nuclear Technology Development Center) in the last three decades).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

For long years, the CDTN (Brazilian Nuclear Technology Development Center ) has applied several analytical techniques in the thorium determination. This work is about the evolution of the neutronic activation in the thorium 232 analysis from the 1960's to...

M. A. B. Menezes C. V. S. Sabino



ESTUDO DE VIABILIDADE TÉCNICO-ECONÔMICA PRELIMINAR PARA PRODUÇÃO DE CARVÃO ATIVADO NO BRASIL A PARTIR DOS RESÍDUOS DO COCO: ESTUDO COMPARATIVO DOS CENÁRIOS DE PRODUÇÃO 1 Preliminary Technological-Economic Viability Study for Activated Charcoal Production in Brazil From Residual Coconut Biomass: A Comparative Study of Two Production Scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: O objetivo da pesquisa foi desenvolver uma rota para utilização de resíduos de coco para produção de carvão ativado com co-produção de energia, visando o máximo aproveitamento e máximo rendimento energético, com o mínimo de perdas de matéria-prima. Depois de realizadas pesquisas bibliográficas sobre o atual estado de tecnologia na produção de carvão ativado com base na biomassa residual

Brunno Henrique; Souza Santiago



Relation Between Ocean Temperature and Ocean Level Change in the Tropical Atlantic and Precipitation in the Amazon Region of Northeast Brazil Relacoes Entre Temperatura DA Agua Do Mar E Divergencia AO Nivel Do Mar No Atlantico Tropical E Precipitacao NAS Regioes Amazonica E Nordeste Do Brasil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The precipitation series for the rainy season over northeastern Brazil (Fortaleza and Quixeramobim) and the Amazon Region (manaus, Belem, Taperinha, Conceicao do Araguaia and Alto Tapajos) and a 48 station average of normalized departure of annual precipi...

M. T. Kagano



Découverte d'une mégafaune holocène à la Toca do Serrote do Artur (aire archéologique de São Raimundo Nonato, Piauî, Brésil). A gruta do Serrote do Artur (área arqueológica de São Raimundo Nonato, Piaúi, Brasil): dataçoes holocênicas para megafáuna de mamíferos  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The cave of Toca do Serrote do Artur (São Raimundo Nonato Archaeological Area, southeastern Piauí, Brazil) has yielded a Mammalian community constituted of Dasypus septemcinctus, Propraopus cf. sulcatus, Hoplophorus euphractus, Glyptodon clavipes, Conepatus sp., Panthera onca, Equus neogaeus, Dicotyles tajacu, Tayassu pecari, Palaeolama major, Mazama guazoubira, Mazama americana and a large Cervid. In comparison with the Mammalian fauna of the other sites from the same area, such a list shows a comparatively reduced biodiversity together with the presence of rare ( Hoplophorus, Conepatus) or unknown ( Propraopus, Palaeolama major) taxa. Explanation lies in the more recent age of the fossiliferous layers, probably Lower Holocene, as demonstrated by two 14C dating of 8 490 ± 120 BP and 6 890 ± 60 BP of the highest one. Moreover, that fauna shows the late survival of some genera ( Propraopus, Hoplophorus, Glyptodon, Equus, Palaeolama) together with climatic modifications related to the Pleistocene-Holocene transition.

Faure, Martine; Guérin, Claude; Parenti, Fabio



The influence of cement type and admixture on life span of reinforced concrete utility poles subjected to the high salinity environment of Northeastern Brazil, studied by corrosion potential testing (A influência do tipo de cimento e adição na vida útil de postes de concreto armado submetidos ao ambiente de alta salinidade do Nordeste do Brasil, estudada pela técnica de potencial de corrosão)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reinforced concrete structures installed in coastal zones have constantly been threatened by environmental damaging elements. The chloride ion is known as one of the most aggressive of these elements, causing, among other damages, corrosion of the steel reinforcement and then degradation of the concrete matrix. The goal of this work was to determine the influence of cement type on the

A. Joukoski; K. F. Portella; O. Baron; C. M. Garcia; G. R. Vergés; A. Sales; J. F. de Paula


Formacion de Formadores en Planeamiento y Administracion de la Education: Informe Final. Reunion Tecnica de la Red REPLAD, Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brasil, 9-13 de noviembre de 1987. (Educational Development of Professionals in Educational Planning and Administration: Final Report. Proceedings of the Meeting of the Major Project for Education (Sao Paulo, Brazil, November 9-13, 1987).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This final report provides a synthesis of conference presentations by representatives from institutions in 17 Latin American and the Caribbean nations. The material includes descriptions about institutions of higher education planning and developing of their respective schools of education, ministries of education, and national and regional…

United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization, Santiago (Chile). Regional Office for Education in Latin America and the Caribbean.


Petrologia, geoquimica de elementos maiores, tracos, terras raras e isotopos (Sr, O, H, S) nos batolitos da Meruoca e Mocambo, Ceara, Nordeste do Brasil. (Petrology, geochemistry of major elements, traces, rare earths and isotopes (Sr, O, H, S) on Meruoca and Mocambo batholith, Ceara State, Northeast of Brazil).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Values of (delta) sup(18) O of whole-rock Meruoca granite and mineral separates form a remarkable bull's-eye pattern. Toward the periphery, the granite appears to be normal I type ((delta) sup(18) O = +7 to +8 permil sub(SMOW)). Whole-rock isochron gives ...

A. N. Sial



A survey of small fast rotating asteroids among the near-Earth asteroid population  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A survey of 62 small near-Earth asteroids was conducted to determine the rotation state of these objects and to search for rapid rotation. Since results for 9 of the asteroids were previously published (Pravec, P., Hergenrother, C.W., Whiteley, R.J., Šarounová, L., Kušnirák, P., Wolf, M. [2000]. Icarus 147, 477-486; Pravec, P. et al. [2005] Icarus 173, 108-131; Whiteley, R.J., Tholen, D.J., Hergenrother, C.W. [2002a]. Icarus 157, 139-154; Hergenrother, C.W., Whiteley, R.J., Christensen, E.J. [2009]. Minor Planet Bull. 36, 16-18.), this paper will present results for the remaining 53 objects. Rotation periods significantly less than 2 h are indicative of intrinsic strength in the asteroids, while periods longer than 2 h are typically associated with gravitationally bound aggregates. Asteroids with absolute magnitude ( H) values ranging from 20.4 to 27.4 were characterized. The slowest rotator with a definite period is 2004 BW 18 with a period of 8.3 h, while 2000 DO 8 and 2000 WH 10 are the fastest with periods of 1.3 min. A minimum of two-thirds of asteroids with H > 20 are fast rotating and have periods significantly faster than 2.0 h. The percentage of rapid rotators increases with decreasing size and a minimum of 79% of H ? 24 objects are rapid rotators. Slowly-rotating objects, some with periods as long as 10-20 h, make up a small though significant fraction of the small asteroid population. There are three fast rotators with relatively large possible diameters ( D): 2001 OE 84 with 470 ? D ? 820 m (Pravec, P., Kušnirák, P., Šarounová, L., Harris, A.W., Binzel, R.P., Rivkin, A.S. [2002b]. Large coherent Asteroid 2001 OE84. In: Warmbein, B. (Eds.), Proceedings of Asteroids, Comets, Meteors - ACM 2002. Springer, Berlin, pp. 743-745), 2001 FE 90 with 265 ? D ? 594 m (Hicks, M., Lawrence, K., Rhoades, H., Somers, J., McAuley, A., Barajas, T. [2009]. The Astronomer's Telegrams, # 2116), and 2001 VF 2 with a possible D of 145 ? D ? 665 m. Using the diameters derived from nominal absolute magnitudes and albedos, the remainder of the fast rotating population is completely consistent with D ? 200 m. Even when taking into account the largest possible uncertainties in the determination of diameters, the remainder must all have D ? 400 m. With the exceptions of 2001 OE 84, this result agrees with previous upper diameter limits for fast rotators in Pravec and Harris (Pravec, P., Harris, A.W. [2000]. Icarus 148, 589-593) and Whiteley et al. (Whiteley, R.J, Tholen, D.J., Hergenrother, C.W. [2002a]. Icarus 157, 139-154.

Hergenrother, Carl W.; Whiteley, Robert J.



State tobacco lobbyists and organizations in the United States: crossed lines.  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES. This research took a quantitative look at state-level tobacco lobbying in the United States. METHODS. Publicly available lobbying data were collected from all states during 1994. Data were compiled on tobacco industry lobbyists, their tobacco employers, health lobbyists, and factors associated with such lobbying. RESULTS. In 1994, 450 tobacco industry lobbyists lobbied at a state level. Most lobbying was on behalf of four organizations: Philip Morris (34%), the Tobacco Institute (21%), RJ Reynolds (17%), and the Smokeless Tobacco Council (15%). Approximately one half of all tobacco lobbyists also lobbied for a health-related organization (e.g., state medical association, hospital, physician association). CONCLUSIONS. All US states have tobacco lobbyists. Many health organizations knowingly or unknowingly employ lobbyists who also lobby for the tobacco industry.

Goldstein, A O; Bearman, N S



Spatial analysis of oil reservoirs using DFA of geophysical data  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We employ Detrended Fluctuation Analysis (DFA) technique to investigate spatial properties of an oil reservoir. This reservoir is situated at Bacia de Namorados, RJ, Brazil. The data corresponds to well logs of the following geophysical quantities: sonic, gamma ray, density, porosity and electrical resistivity, measured in 56 wells. We tested the hypothesis of constructing spatial models using data from fluctuation analysis over well logs. To verify this hypothesis we compare the matrix of distances among well logs with the differences among DFA-exponents of geophysical quantities using spatial correlation function and Mantel test. Our data analysis suggests that sonic profile is a good candidate to represent spatial structures. Then, we apply the clustering analysis technique to the sonic profile to identify these spatial patterns. In addition we use the Mantel test to search for correlation among DFA-exponents of geophysical quantities.

Ribeiro, R. A.; Mata, M. V. M.; Lucena, L. S.; Fulco, U. L.; Corso, G.



High temperature antenna pointing mechanism for BepiColombo mission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper describes the two axis Antenna Pointing Mechanism (APM) with dual frequency (X-Ka bands) Rotary Joint (RJ) developed by Kongsberg Defence and Aerospace and BAE Systems, in the frame of the ESA BepiColombo mission to the planet Mercury. The extreme environmental conditions induced by Mercury's proximity to the Sun (up to 14.500 W/m2 direct solar fluxes, up to 5000 W/m2 infrared flux and up to 1200 W/m2 albedo shine form the planet surface), have dictated the need for a specific high temperature development of the pointing mechanism and of its integrated RF Rotary Joint. Global thermal analysis of the antenna predicts qualification temperature for the elevation stage APM between 250°C and 295°C. In addition, the mechanism shall survive extreme cold temperatures during the interplanetary cruise phase. Beside the harsh environment, the stringent pointing accuracy required by the antenna high frequency operations, and the extreme dimensional stability demanded by a radio science experiment (which is using the antenna for range and range rate measurements), have introduced additional, specific challenges to the mechanism design. Innovative solutions have been deemed necessary at system architecture level, in the design of the mechanisms critical areas and in the selection of high temperature compatible materials and processes. The very high working temperature of the mechanism ruled out use of aluminium alloys, which is replaced by Titanium alloy and stainless steels. Special heat treatments of the steel are applied for minimum loss of hardness. The structures are optimised for minimum mass. To handle thermal stresses and distortion, a very compact design of the APM was performed integrating the bearings, position sensor and drive chain within minimum structural length. The Rotary Joint is a unique design tailored to the APM using a common main bearing support. Special manufacturing processes have been tested and applied for manufacture of the very compact RJ being the first of its kind (dual X-Ka band) in European space development. The twin channels are arranged concentrically, permitting continuous 360° rotation. Maximum use of waveguide has been made to minimise the loss in the Ka-band frequency channel and this leads to an unconventional design of the X-band channel. A specific effort and extensive test program at ESTL in the UK have been put in place to identify suitable high temperature solutions for the RJ and APM bearings lubrication. The high temperature demands the use of a dry lubrication system. High working loads due to thermal stresses puts extra challenge to the life duration of the dry film lubrication. Lead lubrication was initially the preferred concept, but has later in the program been substituted by MoS2 film. A design life of 20,000 cycles at 250°C and elevated load has been demonstrated for the bearings with MoS2. Special attention has been paid to the materials in the stepper motor using high temperature solder material and MoS2 dry lubrication in the bearings and gear train. The APM is designed for use of a high accuracy inductive based position sensor with remote signal and amplifier electronics. Electrical signal transfer is via a high temperature Twist Capsule. The activity has included the design, manufacturing and testing in a respresentative environment of a breadboard model of the APM and of its integrated radio frequency RJ. The breadboard does not include a position sensor or the Twist Capsule. The breadboard tests will include functional performance tests in air, vibration tests and thermal vacuum. The thermal vacuum test will include RF testing at high temperature combined with APM pointing performance.

Mürer, Johan A.; Harper, Richard; Anderson, Mike



The theory of planned behaviour: reactions and reflections.  


The seven articles in this issue, and the accompanying meta-analysis in Health Psychology Review [McEachan, R.R.C., Conner, M., Taylor, N., & Lawton, R.J. (2011). Prospective prediction of health-related behaviors with the theory of planned behavior: A meta-analysis. Health Psychology Review, 5, 97-144], illustrate the wide application of the theory of planned behaviour [Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179-211] in the health domain. In this editorial, Ajzen reflects on some of the issues raised by the different authors. Among the topics addressed are the nature of intentions and the limits of predictive validity; rationality, affect and emotions; past behaviour and habit; the prototype/willingness model; and the role of such background factors as the big five personality traits and social comparison tendency. PMID:21929476

Ajzen, Icek



Tobacco industry litigation strategies to oppose tobacco control media campaigns  

PubMed Central

Objective To document the tobacco industry's litigation strategy to impede tobacco control media campaigns. Methods Data were collected from news and reports, tobacco industry documents, and interviews with health advocates and media campaign staff. Results RJ Reynolds and Lorillard attempted to halt California's Media Campaign alleging that the campaign polluted jury pools and violated First Amendment rights because they were compelled to pay for anti?industry ads. The American Legacy Foundation was accused of violating the Master Settlement Agreement's vilification clause because its ads attacked the tobacco industry. The tobacco companies lost these legal challenges. Conclusion The tobacco industry has expanded its efforts to oppose tobacco control media campaigns through litigation strategies. While litigation is a part of tobacco industry business, it imposes a financial burden and impediment to media campaigns' productivity. Tobacco control professionals need to anticipate these challenges and be prepared to defend against them.

Ibrahim, J K; Glantz, Stanton A



The Jovian sodium nebula: Two years of ground-based observations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 1000-RJ-wide neutral sodium nebula of Jupiter has now been observed on four separate occasions from late 1989 to early 1992. The observations have consisted of both low-dispersion spectroscopy and direct imaging. These observations have allowed us to establish some of the general features of the nebula, such as the largely equatorial confinement of emission, the r-1 intensity behavior in the equatorial plane, and flaring of the emission with respect to the equator. Some additional evidence exists for more subtle morphology, such as a possible variable east-west intensity asymmetry. In this paper, we present a summary of observational evidence of variability in overall intensity, as well as in some of the morphological features of the nebula, over timescales of days, months, and years.

Flynn, B.; Mendillo, M.; Baumgardner, J.



Cassini ENA Observations of an Asymmetric Europa Torus with Indications of Magnetospheric Dynamics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

From about December 2000 to January 2001 the Ion Neutral Camera (INCA) on board the Cassini spacecraft imaged Jupiter in Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) that are created when singly charged ions charge exchange with neutral gas atoms or molecules. The INCA observations were obtained from a distance of about 137-250 Jovian planetary radii (RJ) over an energy range from about 10 to 300 keV. These observations have been demonstrated to be consistent with a neutral gas torus encircling Jupiter at Europa's orbit (Mauk et al., 2004). Here, we present a new, detailed analysis of the ENA images implying an asymmetric Europa neutral gas torus with indications of magnetospheric dynamics. The analysis uses images with a minimum integration time and background. A forward model using a parametric energetic ion model and a neutral gas model simulates ENA images through the instrument response function of INCA in order to determine the spatial distribution of the neutral gas.

Brandt, Pontus; Westlake, Joseph; Mauk, Barry; Mitchell, Donald



Cytogenetics of the Brazilian whiptail lizard Cnemidophorus littoralis (Teiidae) from a restinga area (Barra de Maricá) in Southeastern Brazil.  


Chromosomes of Cnemidophorus littoralis, a new species of teiid lizard recently described, were studied. The animals are from a restinga area in Barra de Maricá, RJ. The karyotype presents a diploid number of 2n = 46 chromosomes and a chromosomal sex determination mechanism of the type XX:XY. Nucleolar organizer regions, Ag-NORs, are at the sixth pair of chromosomes; there is variability of size and number of the Ag-stained nucleoli on the 50 interphase nuclei for each specimen analyzed. These nucleoli are related to NOR patterns that also demonstrated variability in size and number. This paper presents the first description of the karyotype of Cnemidophorus littoralis and of a chromosomal sex determination mechanism of the XX:XY type in the genus Cnemidophorus from Southeastern Brazil. PMID:15620005

Peccinini-Seale, D; Rocha, C F D; Almeida, T M B; Araújo, A F B; De Sena, M A



Beam-generated upper hybrid noise in Jupiter's outer magnetosphere  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A model for generation of upper hybrid waves in Jupiter's outer magnetosphere is presented. Energetic electrons accelerated on high-latitude auroral field lines at 1 R(J) altitudes are assumed to stream outwards to the distant magnetosphere. The large decrease in the local magnetic field strength results in a highly collimated, field-aligned electron beam due to conservation of the particle's magnetic moment. As the beam travels outward it passes through the plasma sheet boundary layer region located on the edges of the plasma sheet. Because of the large field-aligned anisotropy of the beam, the distribution is unstable to the excitation of the upper hybrid waves which amplify and then undergo mode conversion at the f(p) layer to generate the Jovian continuum radiation. A novel feature of the model is the beam-anisotropic heat flux instability which drives UH waves unstable without the need for any positive slope on the electron distribution function.

Barbosa, D. D.; Kurth, W. S.



Bridging single and multireference coupled cluster theories with universal state selective formalism  

SciTech Connect

The universal state selective (USS) multireference approach is used to construct new energy functionals which offers a unique possibility of bridging single and multireference coupled cluster theories (SR/MRCC). These functionals, which can be used to develop iterative and non-iterative approaches, utilize a special form of the trial wavefunctions, which assure additive separability (or size-consistency) of the USS energies in the non-interacting subsystem limit. When the USS formalism is combined with approximate SRCC theories, the resulting formalism can be viewed as a size-consistent version of the method of moments of coupled cluster equations (MMCC) employing a MRCC trial wavefunction. Special cases of the USS formulations, which utilize single reference state specific CC (V.V. Ivanov, D.I. Lyakh, L. Adamowicz, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 11, 2355 (2009)) and tailored CC (T. Kinoshita, O. Hino, R.J. Bartlett, J. Chem. Phys. 123, 074106 (2005)) expansions are also discussed.

Bhaskaran-Nair, Kiran; Kowalski, Karol



The Green-Kubo Formula for the Spin-Fermion System  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spin-fermion model describes a two level quantum system mathcal{S} (spin 1/2) coupled to finitely many free Fermi gas reservoirs mathcal{R}j which are in thermal equilibrium at inverse temperatures ? j . We consider non-equilibrium initial conditions where not all ? j are the same. It is known that, at small coupling, the combined system mathcal {S} + sum_j mathcal {R}_j has a unique non-equilibrium steady state (NESS) characterized by strictly sitive entropy production. In this paper we study linear response in this NESS and prove the Green-Kubo formula and the Onsager reciprocity relations for heat fluxes generated by temperature differentials.

Jakši?, V.; Ogata, Y.; Pillet, C.-A.



Coefficient estimates for inverses of starlike functions of positive order  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present paper, the coefficient estimates are found for the class consisting of inverses of functions in the class of univalent starlike functions of order [alpha] in . These estimates extend the work of Krzyz, Libera and Zlotkiewicz [J.G. Krzyz, R.J. Libera, E. Zlotkiewicz, Coefficients of inverse of regular starlike functions, Ann. Univ. Mariae Curie-Sklodowska Sect. A 33 (10) (1979) 103-109] who found sharp estimates on only first two coefficients for the functions in the class . The coefficient estimates are also found for the class [Sigma]*-1([alpha]), consisting of inverses of functions in the class [Sigma]*([alpha]) of univalent starlike functions of order [alpha] in . The open problem of finding sharp coefficient estimates for functions in the class [Sigma]*([alpha]) stands completely settled in the present work by our method developed here.

Kapoor, G. P.; Mishra, A. K.



Qatar-1b: a hot Jupiter orbiting a metal-rich K dwarf star  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the discovery and initial characterization of Qatar-1b, a hot Jupiter-orbiting metal-rich K dwarf star, the first planet discovered by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey. We describe the strategy used to select candidate transiting planets from photometry generated by the Qatar Exoplanet Survey camera array. We examine the rate of astrophysical and other false positives found during the spectroscopic reconnaissance of the initial batch of candidates. A simultaneous fit to the follow-up radial velocities and photometry of Qatar-1b yields a planetary mass of 1.09 ± 0.08 MJ and a radius of 1.16 ± 0.05 RJ. The orbital period and separation are 1.420 033 ± 0.000 016 d and 0.023 43 ± 0.000 26 au for an orbit assumed to be circular. The stellar density, effective temperature and rotation rate indicate an age greater than 4 Gyr for the system.

Alsubai, K. A.; Parley, N. R.; Bramich, D. M.; West, R. G.; Sorensen, P. M.; Collier Cameron, A.; Latham, D. W.; Horne, K.; Anderson, D. R.; Bakos, G. Á.; Brown, D. J. A.; Buchhave, L. A.; Esquerdo, G. A.; Everett, M. E.; F?rész, G.; Hartman, J. D.; Hellier, C.; Miller, G. M.; Pollacco, D.; Quinn, S. N.; Smith, J. C.; Stefanik, R. P.; Szentgyorgyi, A.



Advanced high pressure engine study for mixed-mode vehicle applications  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

High pressure liquid rocket engine design, performance, weight, envelope, and operational characteristics were evaluated for a variety of candidate engines for use in mixed-mode, single-stage-to-orbit applications. Propellant property and performance data were obtained for candidate Mode 1 fuels which included: RP-1, RJ-5, hydrazine, monomethyl-hydrazine, and methane. The common oxidizer was liquid oxygen. Oxygen, the candidate Mode 1 fuels, and hydrogen were evaluated as thrust chamber coolants. Oxygen, methane, and hydrogen were found to be the most viable cooling candidates. Water, lithium, and sodium-potassium were also evaluated as auxiliary coolant systems. Water proved to be the best of these, but the system was heavier than those systems which cooled with the engine propellants. Engine weight and envelope parametric data were established for candidate Mode 1, Mode 2, and dual-fuel engines. Delivered engine performance data were also calculated for all candidate Mode 1 and dual-fuel engines.

Luscher, W. P.; Mellish, J. A.



Net electromagnetic torque induced by multiple neighboring resonant magnetic perturbations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, previous calculations [1,2] of the electromagnetic torque exerted by coupled resonant magnetic perturbations on a toroidal plasma are expanded to include many resonant surfaces in close proximity. We are interested in the possibility of a simplified torque expression in the limit that the distance between resonant surfaces collapses, i.e. as in the edge region where the q-profile is steep and their singular layers might overlap. Such a case is relevant to the ELM control community when resonant magnetic perturbation (RMP) fields are applied. Present analytic estimates of the shielding or penetration of an applied RMP field are done using single surface models, while in practice multiple neighboring resonances exist. [4pt] [1] J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, R.J. Hastie, et al., Phys. Fluids 31, 577 (1988).[0pt] [2] R. Fitzpatrick, Phys. Plasmas 16, 032502 (2009).

Cole, A. J.; Hegna, C. C.; Callen, J. D.



Linear aerospike engine study. [for reusable launch vehicles  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Parametric data on split-combustor linear engine propulsion systems are presented for use in mixed-mode single-stage-to-orbit (SSTO) vehicle studies. Preliminary design data for two selected engine systems are included. The split combustor was investigated for mixed-mode operations with oxygen/hydrogen propellants used in the inner combustor in Mode 2, and in conjunction with either oxygen/RP-1, oxygen/RJ-5, O2/CH4, or O2/H2 propellants in the outer combustor for Mode 1. Both gas generator and staged combustion power cycles were analyzed for providing power to the turbopumps of the inner and outer combustors. Numerous cooling circuits and cooling fluids (propellants) were analyzed and hydrogen was selected as the preferred coolant for both combustors and the linear aerospike nozzle. The maximum operating chamber pressure was determined to be limited by the availability of hydrogen coolant pressure drop in the coolant circuit.

Diem, H. G.; Kirby, F. M.



Non-parabolic model for InAs/GaAs quantum dot capacitance spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

InAs/GaAs quantum dot electron spectra obtained from the capacitance-voltage measurements by B.T. Miller et al. [B.T. Miller, W. Hansen, S. Manus, R.J. Luyken, A. Lorke, J.P. Kotthaus, S. Huant, G. Medeiros-Ribeiro, P.M. Petroff, Phys. Rev. B 56 (1997) 6764] are quantitatively interpreted by applying a three-dimensional model of a semiconductor quantum dot with energy-dependent electron effective mass and finite confinement potential. The Coulomb interaction between tunnelled electrons is taken into account by perturbation theory. The observed significant increase in the electron effective mass of the quantum dot in respect to its bulk value is explained by the non-parabolic effect.

Filikhin, I.; Deyneka, E.; Vlahovic, B.



[Accuracy of body fat and waist circumference in predicting metabolic abnormalities indicating cardiovascular risk in adolescents].  


Objective: To evaluate the performance of percent body fat (%BF) and waist circumference (WC) in predicting metabolic abnormalities indicating cardiovascular risk in adolescents. Subjects and methods: Cross-sectional study with a probabilistic sample of 573 adolescents aged 12 to 19 years from state public schools in Niterói, RJ. The Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve was used to evaluate the accuracy of WC and %BF in predicting alterations in blood pressure, lipid profile, and blood glucose. Results: The best %BF cutoff points were 21% for boys, and 23% for girls, with sensitivity (SE) and specificity (SP) of approximately 60%. The best WC cutoff points were 71 cm for boys, and 66 cm for girls (SE: 55% to 70%; SP: 55% to 78%). Conclusion: Even the best cutoff points misidentified high proportions of adolescents with metabolic abnormalities. Caution is recommended in the use of these indicators for cardiovascular risk screening in this age group. PMID:24936728

Moraes, Milena Miranda de; Veiga, Gloria Valeria da



Georgia's Virtual Vault  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Peering into the world of Georgia's past has become a little easier with the Georgia Archives. Created by the Georgia Secretary of State's Office, the Virtual Vault provides access to historic Georgia manuscripts, photographs, and maps. The R.J. Taylor, Jr. Foundation provided funding for this endeavor, and visitors can look over the topical headings on the left-hand side of the page to get started. First-time visitors should look at the Lamar Q. Ball Photograph collection, which documents military and civilian life in Georgia during World War II. Visitors can also use the document management tools here to create their own collections of images for later use. The other nineteen collections here include Georgia death certificates, historic postcards, colonial will books, and district plats.


Bimodal size of Jupiter's magnetosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

of Jovian magnetopause crossing by a number of different spacecraft have established that Jupiter's magnetosphere has a generally bimodal size distribution, with typical standoff distances at the nose of ~63 and ~92 RJ. Here we examine both the external solar wind structure and time constants and the internal magnetospheric time constants for shedding and refilling material in the Jovian plasma disk. We show that these latter time constants are ~ hours to ~10 h, comparable to the compression time of the magnetopause, but shorter than the typically several day expansion time when the solar wind dynamic pressure decreases. Together, we show that it is the well-developed compressions and rarefactions in the solar wind at ~5 AU that produced the generally bimodally structured solar wind dynamic pressure and hence Jovian magnetospheric size.

McComas, D. J.; Bagenal, F.; Ebert, R. W.



The orbital evolution of real asteroids near the 4:1 mean-motion resonance with Jupiter  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Numerical integrations of the orbits of ten asteroids with osculating elements near the 4:1 mean-motion resonance with Jupiter have been performed over 200,000 years into the future. A variety of orbital evolutions was found, depending on the start values of the semi-major axis. The orbit of asteroid 1983 RJ4, which lies almost exactly at the resonance center, experiences large variations in eccentricity, evolving into an Earth-crosser on a time-scale of a few 10(exp 4) years. This makes this region a potential source for Apollo objects and meteoritic material, although the width of the resonance region in semi-major axis seems to be very narrow.

Dahlgren, Mats; Hahn, Gerhard; Lagerkvist, C.-I.; Lundstroem, M.



"Our Reach Is Wide by Any Corporate Standard": How the Tobacco Industry Helped Defeat the Clinton Health Plan and Why It Matters Now  

PubMed Central

Contemporary health care reformers, like those who promoted the failed Clinton era plan, face opposition from multiple corporate interests. However, scant literature has examined how relationships between corporations and other stakeholders, such as think tanks and advocacy groups, shape health care reform debate. We show how the 2 biggest US tobacco companies, Philip Morris and RJ Reynolds, and their trade association coordinated in mobilizing ideologically diverse constituencies to help defeat the Clinton plan. Unwittingly perhaps, some reform supporters advanced the tobacco industry's public relations blitz, contributing to perceptions of public opposition to the plan. As the current reform debate unfolds, this case highlights the importance of funding transparency for interpreting the activities of think tanks, advocacy groups, and “grassroots” movements.

Tesler, Laura E.



DFT calculations of XPS/NEXAFS and IR spectra to elucidate the reaction products of acetonitrile with Si(0 0 1)-2 × 1  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

NEXAFS data [S. Rangan et al., Phys. Rev. B 71 (2005) 165319] and FTIR data [M.P. Schwartz, R.J. Hamers, Surf. Sci. 601 (2007) 945] apparently do not converge in the identification of the reaction products of acetonitrile (CH 3CN) with Si(0 0 1)-2 × 1 at room temperature. Using DFT calculations of core-excited/core-ionized spectra and of IR vibrational frequencies and intensities, we show the consistency of the body of experimental data. Three species are present on the surface in equivalent amounts, a C dbnd N moiety, a pendent C tbnd N and a C dbnd C dbnd N ketenimine submitted to a strong twist imposed by the Si bond directionality. More generally, the paper shows the usefulness of spectroscopic data simulations in the elucidation of complex surface chemistry problems.

Carniato, S.; Rochet, F.; Gallet, J.-J.; Bournel, F.; Dufour, G.; Mathieu, C.; Rangan, S.



Teaching Materials: Stellar Atmospheres/Radiative Transfer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We will present a selection of modern teaching materials for courses in Stellar Atmospheres and Radiative Transfer that have been collected from a wide variety of sources. We will provide brief synopses of each book, or set of of notes, and endeavor to compare and contrast the different presentations of the material. One of the newer additions to the literature is ``Radiative Transfer in Stellar Atmospheres,'' lecture notes from R.J. Rutten based on courses taught at Utrecht University. In addition, I. Hubeny and D. Mihalas presently are writing a new edition of Mihalas' famous ``Stellar Atmospheres.'' Other books we are aware of range from the planning stages to near completion. We will emphasize the diversity of styles and presentation techniques, but will try to make clear the central themes around which any successful Stellar Atmospheres/Radiative Transfer course must be built.

Hawley, S. L.; Ayres, T. R.



Recycling of gneiss rock waste in the manufacture of vitrified floor tiles.  


The present study focuses on the recycling of gneiss rock waste generated by the ornamental rock industry for manufacturing vitrified floor tile products. The gneiss rock waste came from a rock-cutting plant located in Santo Antônio de Pádua-RJ, Brazil. Initially the waste sample was characterized for chemical composition, X-ray diffraction, particle size, morphology, and pollution potential. Floor tiles containing up to 47.5wt.% waste were prepared. The tiles were tested to determine their physical-mechanical properties (linear shrinkage, water absorption, apparent density, and flexural strength). Microstructural evolution was carried out by scanning electron microscopy. The results indicate that t