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1

Lignin phenols used to infer organic matter sources to Sepetiba Bay - RJ, Brasil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lignin phenols were measured in the sediments of Sepitiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in bedload sediments and suspended sediments of the four major fluvial inputs to the bay; São Francisco and Guandu Channels and the Guarda and Cação Rivers. Fluvial suspended lignin yields (?8 3.5-14.6 mgC 10 g dw -1) vary little between the wet and dry seasons and are poorly correlated with fluvial chlorophyll concentrations (0.8-50.2 ?gC L -1). Despite current land use practices that favor grassland agriculture or industrial uses, fluvial lignin compositions are dominated by a degraded leaf-sourced material. The exception is the Guarda River, which has a slight influence from grasses. The Lignin Phenol Vegetation Index, coupled with acid/aldehyde and 3.5 Db/V ratios, indicate that degraded leaf-derived phenols are also the primary preserved lignin component in the bay. The presence of fringe Typha sp. and Spartina sp. grass beds surrounding portions of the Bay are not reflected in the lignin signature. Instead, lignin entering the bay appears to reflect the erosion of soils containing a degraded signature from the former Atlantic rain forest that once dominated the watershed, instead of containing a significant signature derived from current agricultural uses. A three-component mixing model using the LPVI, atomic N:C ratios, and stable carbon isotopes (which range between -26.8 and -21.8‰) supports the hypothesis that fluvial inputs to the bay are dominated by planktonic matter (78% of the input), with lignin dominated by leaf (14% of the input) over grass (6%). Sediments are composed of a roughly 50-50 mixture of autochthonous material and terrigenous material, with lignin being primarily sourced from leaf.

Rezende, C. E.; Pfeiffer, W. C.; Martinelli, L. A.; Tsamakis, E.; Hedges, J. I.; Keil, R. G.

2010-04-01

2

Large submarine groundwater inputs to Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water samples from Sepetiba Bay, adjacent Ilha Grande Bay as well as the open ocean were investigated for their activities of naturally occurring radium isotopes. Surface waters in Sepetiba Bay were significantly higher in radium as compared to the ocean waters. Using the residence time of water in the bay we calculated the flux required to maintain the observed enrichment over the open ocean waters. We then applied a radium mass balance to estimate the volume of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into the bay. The mass balance calculation suggests large inputs of groundwater to Sepetiba Bay.

Smoak, J. M.; Patchineelam, S. R.; Sanders, C. J.; Moore, W. S.; Godoy, J. M.

2006-12-01

3

Radium mass balance and submarine groundwater discharge in Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radium-226 and 228Ra activities were determined in water samples from within and adjacent to Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil) in 1998, 2005 and 2007. Surface waters in Sepetiba Bay were substantially higher in 226Ra and 228Ra compared to ocean end member samples. Using the residence time of water in the bay we calculated the flux required to maintain the observed enrichment over the ocean end members. We then applied a radium mass balance to estimate the volume of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into the bay. The estimates of SGD into Sepetiba Bay (in 1010 L day-1) were 2.56, 3.75, and 1.0, respectively for 1998, 2005, and 2007. These estimates are equivalent to approximately 1% of the total volume of the bay each day or 50 L m-2 day-1. It is likely that a substantial portion of the SGD in Sepetiba Bay consists of infiltrated seawater. This large flux of SGD has the potential to supply substantial quantities of nutrients, carbon and metals into coastal waters. The SGD found here is greater than what is typically found in SGD studies along the eastern United States and areas with similar geologic characteristics. Considering there are many coastal areas around the world like Sepetiba Bay, this could revise upward the already important contribution of SGD to coastal as well as oceanic budgets.

Smoak, Joseph M.; Sanders, Christian J.; Patchineelam, Sambasiva R.; Moore, Willard S.

2012-11-01

4

Analysis of whistles produced by the Tucuxi Dolphin Sotalia fluviatilis from Sepetiba Bay, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

From July 2001 to June 2002, we recorded a total of 2h55min of Tucuxi Dolphin Sotalia fluviatilis vocaliza- tions from Sepetiba Bay, Brazil (22 ? 35 ? S?44 ? 03 ? W). A total of 3350 whistles were analyzed quantitative and qualitatively and were divided into 124 types, by visual inspection of sonograms. The following parameters were measured: Initial Frequency,

Claudia Erber; Sheila M. Simão

2004-01-01

5

Ethnobotany of Atlantic Forest Coastal Communities: II. Diversity of Plant Uses at Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an ethnobotanical study of Atlantic Forest coastal communities located at Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Atlantic Forest remnants are top priority conservation areas, and include native communities that depend on fish and small-scale agriculture. We conducted fieldwork in the community of Calhaus (Jaguanum Island) from 1989 to 1991, and interviewed adults on their use of plants.

Gisela M. Figueiredo; Hermógenes F. Leitão-Filho; Alpina Begossi

1997-01-01

6

High port density MT-RJ transceiver  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper reports our current development work on the compact optical transceiver module designed for, use with the MT-RJ connector for high speed optical data transmission applications. The key technology for realizing low cost and miniaturized outline package is a unique optical sub-assembly (OSA) design based on low cost plastic molded interconnect device (MID) technology. This small form factor (SFF)

Toshiyuki Tanaka; Yoshiya Isono; Tsutomu Watanabe; Makoto Ohsawa; Akito Nishimura; Hiroshi Yokosuka

1999-01-01

7

Assessment of heavy metals in Egretta thula: case study: Coroa Grande mangrove, Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.  

PubMed

This study focuses on metals analysis in kidney and liver tissues of Egretta thula which were collected prostrate or newly dead in Coroa Grande mangrove, Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, between March 2005 and October 2008. Kidney and liver were collected and analysed to evaluate heavy metal pollution. High values and widest range were detected for all metals in liver and kidney tissues. Geometric mean differences from metals concentrations for Zn, Cd, Ni, Pb, Cu, and Cr, respectively, were found in both organs. Results from linear regression analysis were non-significant in kidney (r = -0.79975, P = 0.10428), and in liver (r = -0.53193, P = 0.35618). With ANOVA analysis for metal accumulation differences (kidney*liver), at the 0.05 level, the results were significantly different (F = 33.17676, P = 0.00000; F = 12.47880, P = 0.00000). These results indicate that Sepetiba Bay shows worrying levels of metals in this study with E. thula, showing potential power of widespread biological and mutagenic adverse effects in trophic levels, and therefore, signalling risk to human health. PMID:21437402

Ferreira, A P

2011-02-01

8

Rj (rj) genes involved in nitrogen-fixing root nodule formation in soybean  

PubMed Central

It has long been known that formation of symbiotic root nodules in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.) is controlled by several host genes referred to as Rj (rj) genes, but molecular cloning of these genes has been hampered by soybean’s complicated genome structure and large genome size. Progress in molecular identification of legume genes involved in root nodule symbiosis have been mostly achieved by using two model legumes, Lotus japonicus and Medicago truncatula, that have relatively simple and small genomes and are capable of molecular transfection. However, recent development of resources for soybean molecular genetic research, such as genome sequencing, large EST databases, and high-density linkage maps, have enabled us to isolate several Rj genes. This progress has been achieved in connection with systematic utilization of the information obtained from molecular genetics of the model legumes. In this review, we summarize the current status of knowledge of host-controlled nodulation in soybean based on information from recent studies on Rj genes, and discuss the future research prospects. PMID:23136493

Hayashi, Masaki; Saeki, Yuichi; Haga, Michiyo; Harada, Kyuya; Kouchi, Hiroshi; Umehara, Yosuke

2012-01-01

9

A thaumatin-like protein, Rj4, controls nodule symbiotic specificity in soybean.  

PubMed

Soybeans exhibit a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with soil bacteria of the genera Bradyrhizobium and Ensifer/Sinorhizobium in a unique organ, the root nodule. It is well known that nodulation of soybean is controlled by several host genes referred to as Rj (rj) genes. Among these genes, a dominant allele, Rj4, restricts nodulation with specific bacterial strains such as B. elkanii USDA61 and B. japonicum Is-34. These incompatible strains fail to invade the host epidermal cells as revealed by observations using DsRed-labeled bacteria. Here, we describe the molecular identification of the Rj4 gene by using map-based cloning with several mapping populations. The Rj4 gene encoded a thaumatin-like protein (TLP) that belongs to pathogenesis-related (PR) protein family 5. In rj4/rj4 genotype soybeans and wild soybeans, we found six missense mutations and two consecutive amino acid deletions in the rj4 gene as compared with the Rj4 allele. We also found, using hairy root transformation, that the rj4/rj4 genotype soybeans were fully complemented by the expression of the Rj4 gene. Whereas the expression of many TLPs and other PR proteins is induced by biotic/abiotic stress, Rj4 gene expression appears to be constitutive in roots including root nodules. PMID:25059584

Hayashi, Masaki; Shiro, Sokichi; Kanamori, Hiroyuki; Mori-Hosokawa, Satomi; Sasaki-Yamagata, Harumi; Sayama, Takashi; Nishioka, Miki; Takahashi, Masakazu; Ishimoto, Masao; Katayose, Yuichi; Kaga, Akito; Harada, Kyuya; Kouchi, Hiroshi; Saeki, Yuichi; Umehara, Yosuke

2014-09-01

10

Analysis of the Body Distribution of Absorbed Dose in the Organs of Three Species of Fish from Sepetiba Bay  

SciTech Connect

The body distribution of Polonium-210 in three fishes from the Sepetiba Bay (Macrodon ancylodon, Micropogonias furnieri and Mugil curema) has been studied under the approach of the Department of Energy of the United States of America (DOE) that set the limit of absorbed dose rate in biota equal to 3.5x10{sup 3} {mu}Gy/y, and that also established the relation between dose rate (D) and radionuclide concentration (c) on a fish muscle fresh weight basis, as follows: D = 5.05 ExNxC, assuming that the radionuclide distribution is homogenous among organs. Two hypotheses were tested here, using statistical tools: 1) is the body distribution of absorbed dose homogenous among organs? and 2) is the body distribution of absorbed dose identical among studied fishes? It was concluded, as expected, that the distribution among organs is heterogeneous; but, unexpectedly, that the three fishes display identical body distribution pattern, although they belong to different trophic levels. Hence, concerning absorbed dose calculation, the statement that data distribution is homogenous must be understood merely as an approximation, at least in the case of Polonium-210.

Pereira, Wagner de S [Coordenacao de Protecao Radiologica, Unidade de Tratamento de Minerios, Caixa Postal 961, CEP 37701-970, Pocos de Caldas, MG, BR Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (Brazil); Universidade Federal Fluminense, Programa de Pos-graduacao em Biologia Marinha (Brazil); Kelecom, Alphonse [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencia Ambiental, Instituto de Geociencias, av. Litoranea s/no, Boa Viagem, 24210-340 Niteroi, RJ Caixa Postal 107.092, CEP 24360-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral. Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria LARARA, Caixa Postal 100.436, CEP 24000-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Santos Gouvea, Rita de Cassia dos [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral. Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria LARARA, Caixa Postal 100.436, CEP 24000-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Azevedo Py Junior, Delcy de [Coordenacao de Protecao Radiologica, Unidade de Concentrado de Uranio, Caixa Postal 7, CEP 46.400-000 Caetite, Bahia, Brasil Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (Brazil)

2008-08-07

11

Effect of Rj genotype and cultivation temperature on the community structure of soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia.  

PubMed

The nodulation tendency and community structure of indigenous bradyrhizobia on Rj genotype soybean cultivars at cultivation temperatures of 33/28°C, 28/23°C, and 23/18°C for 16/8 h (day/night degrees, hours) were investigated using 780 bradyrhizobial DNA samples from an Andosol with 13 soybean cultivars of four Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj(2)Rj(3), Rj(4), and Rj(2)Rj(3)Rj(4)). A dendrogram was constructed based on restriction fragment length polymorphism of the PCR products (PCR-RFLP) of the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region. Eleven Bradyrhizobium U.S. Department of Agriculture strains were used as a reference. The dendrogram indicated seven clusters based on similarities among the reference strains. The occupancy rate of the Bj123 cluster decreased with increasing cultivation temperature, whereas the occupancy rates of the Bj110 cluster, Be76 cluster, and Be94 cluster increased with increasing cultivation temperature. In particular, the Rj(2)Rj(3)Rj(4) genotype soybeans were infected with a number of Bj110 clusters, regardless of the increasing cultivation temperature, compared to other Rj genotype soybean cultivars. The ratio of beta diversity to gamma diversity (H'(?)/H'(?)), which represents differences in the bradyrhizobial communities by pairwise comparison among cultivation temperature sets within the same soybean cultivar, indicated that the bradyrhizobial communities tended to be different among cultivation temperatures. Multidimensional scaling analysis indicated that the infection of the Bj110 cluster and the Bj123 cluster by host soybean genotype and the cultivation temperature affected the bradyrhizobial communities. These results suggested that the Rj genotypes and cultivation temperatures affected the nodulation tendency and community structures of soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia. PMID:22156423

Shiro, Sokichi; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki; Yoshida, Naoto; Nishiwaki, Aya; Yamakawa, Takeo; Saeki, Yuichi

2012-02-01

12

Acid Volatile Sulfides (avs) and the Bioavailability of Trace Metals in the Channel of the SÃO Francisco River, Sepetiba Bay - de Janeiro-Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Sepetiba Bay has 430 Km2 of internal and 2,500 Km2 area of the drainage basin (Lacerda et al., 2007), located 60 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro. Sepetiba Bay has 430 Km2 of internal and 2,500 Km2 area of the drainage basin (Lacerda et al., 2007), located 60 km west of the city of Rio de Janeiro.The San Francisco channel comes from the Guandu River and empties into Sepetiba Bay and is the main contributor of freshwater to the estuarine system. The Guandu River system/channel of San Francisco receives contribution of domestic and industrial effluents, which go largely to Sepetiba Bay. This work aimed to evaluate the .This work aimed to evaluate the ratio SEM/AVS as a way of predicting bioavailability trace metals from industrial sewage, mainly, in the estuarine system of Sepetiba. This model is based on the property of some Divalent metal cations (Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn), by presenting a low solubility constant, are removed from the soluble fraction by precipitation, forming secondary metal sulfides. Were held four transects, made up of three points each, the coast line to the center of the Bay. The surface sediment was collected with a van Veen sampler type ,packed in glass jars and kept frozen until analysis.The determination of SEM/AVS followed the methodology described by Allen et al. (1991). The variation between sulfide 159.88 ± 0.05 µmol/g on 12 points. The metals that entered the sum of simultaneous extraction were: Cd, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn ranging from: 6.47 ± 0.11 µmol/g on sum.The means (± standard deviation) ratio SEM/AVS per transect were: 1.04 ± 1.20 (transect 1); 0.48 ± 0.53 (transect 2); 1.26 ± 1.32 (transect 3) and 0.18 ± 0.14 (transect 4). Only transects 1 and 3 had higher results than 1 , meaning that there are more divalent metal sulfides in the environment. This means that only the sulfides would not be capable of complex and may reflect the potential bioavailability of these in the aquatic environment. There is no statistical difference between the transects. According to the studies done previously in the area for concentrations of AVS MADDOCK et at. (2007) found values greater than 290 ?mol g-1, MACHADO et al. (2008) found concentrations between 5.2-121 ?mol g-1 in the Herons Cove and RODRIGUES (2013) found concentrations between 14.26 to 41.46 ?mol g-1 in the Engenho's Sac.The results may reflect the oxic conditions of the environment, which interferes with the reduction of SO4. Additionally, other mechanisms of metal retention in the sediment may be occurring at the site, together with the interfering sulfide. Key words: estuary sediment and simultaneous extraction of metals.

Monte, Christiane; Rodrigues, Ana Paula; Marinho, Matheus; Quaresma, Tássia; Machado, Wilson

2014-05-01

13

Comprehensive royal jelly (RJ) proteomics using one- and two-dimensional proteomics platforms reveals novel RJ proteins and potential phospho/glycoproteins.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is an exclusive food for queen honey bee (Apis mellifera L.) that is synthesized and secreted by young worker bees. RJ is also widely used in medical products, cosmetics, and as health foods. However, little is known about RJ functionality and the total protein components, although recent research is attempting to unravel the RJ proteome. We have embarked on a detailed investigation of the RJ proteome, using a modified protein extraction protocol and two complementary proteomics approaches, one- and two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (1-DGE and 2-DGE) in conjunction with tandem mass spectrometry. Simultaneously, we examined total soluble protein from RJ collected at 24, 48, and 72 h after honey bee larvae deposition twice (in two flower blooming seasons), to check differences, if any, in RJ proteome therein. Both 1- and 2-D gels stained with silver nitrate revealed similar protein profiles among these three time points. However, we observed a clear difference in two bands (ca. MW of 55 and 75 kDa) on 1-D gel between the first and the second collection of RJ. A similar difference was also observed in the 2-D gel. Except for this difference, the protein profiles were similar at the 3 time points. As the RJ from 48 (or sometimes 72) is commercially used, we selected the RJ sample at 48 h for detailed analysis with the first collection. 1-DGE identified 90 and 15 proteins from the first and second selection, respectively; in total, 47 nonredundant proteins were identified. 2-DGE identified 105 proteins comprising 14 nonredundant proteins. In total, 52 nonredundant proteins were identified in this study, and other than the major royal jelly protein family and some other previously identified proteins, 42 novel proteins were identified. Furthermore, we also report potentially post-translationally modified (phosphorylation and glycosylation) RJ proteins based on the Pro-Q diamond/emerald phosphoprotein/glycoprotein gel stains; MRJP 2p and 7p were suggested as potential phosphoproteins. The 2-DGE data were integrated to develop a 2-D gel reference map, and all data are accessible through RJ proteomics portal (http://foodfunc.agr.ibaraki.ac.jp/RJP.html). PMID:18578520

Furusawa, Takako; Rakwal, Randeep; Nam, Hyung Wook; Shibato, Junko; Agrawal, Ganesh Kumar; Kim, Yu Sam; Ogawa, Yoko; Yoshida, Yasukazu; Kouzuma, Yoshiaki; Masuo, Yoshinori; Yonekura, Masami

2008-08-01

14

(399307) 1991 RJ2: A New NEA Binary Discovery  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Analysis of CCD photometric observations of the near- Earth asteroid (399307) 1991 RJ2 made in 2014 August- September show it to be a binary system with a primary period of 3.4907 ± 0.0002 h and orbital period of 15.917 ± 0.001 h. The depth of the secondary mutual event indicates a minimum effective diameter ratio (Ds/Dp) of 0.47 ± 0.02. The lightcurve showing the orbital period and mutual events indicates a slightly elongated (a/b ~ 1.07/1.0) satellite that is tidally-locked to the orbital period.

Warner, Brian D.; Pollock, Joseph T.; Reichart, Daniel E.; Haislip, Joshua B.; LaCluyze, Aaron P.; Verveer, Arie; Spuck, Tim; Harris, Alan W.

2015-01-01

15

Augmentation of wound healing by royal jelly (RJ) in streptozotocin-diabetic rats.  

PubMed

Chronically diabetic rats prepared by a single i.v. injection of streptozotocin were used to study whether royal jelly (RJ) possesses a hypoglycemic reaction and whether it can augment wound healing. Oral RJ administration of 10, 100 and 1000 mg/kg/day did not show any insulin-like activity (the hypoglycemic reaction). RJ, however, showed some anti-inflammatory activity by decreasing exudation and collagen formation in granulation tissue formation in the cotton pellet method. RJ also shortened the healing period of desquamated skin lesions. Thus, RJ possesses an anti-inflammatory action and is able to augment wound healing, but does not have an insulin-like action in streptozotocin-diabetic rats. PMID:2391765

Fujii, A; Kobayashi, S; Kuboyama, N; Furukawa, Y; Kaneko, Y; Ishihama, S; Yamamoto, H; Tamura, T

1990-07-01

16

Partial Functions in Data Manipulation R.J. van der Weide  

E-print Network

Partial Functions in Data Manipulation R.J. van der Weide January 28, 2011 #12;Abstract, it is essential to keep communication efficient and clean. Many people choose to use the XML-format for this. XML

Gehrke, Mai

17

[Deterritorialization of artisanal fisheries in Sepetiba Bay (State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil): an overview of occupational health and environmental issues].  

PubMed

This paper outlines the consequences of deterritorialization of artisan fishing folk in Sepetiba Bay in the State of Rio de Janeiro on the occupational and health status of this population living in the area. By means of the concept of social determinants in health, it compares the new patterns of growth in the region with the living and occupational health conditions of these workers. This relationship was explained after conducting semi-structured interviews and focus groups. The results point to a strong relationship between the port undertakings and the installations of the nuclear program of the Brazilian Navy with subsistence and extractive fishing, contributing to an increase in the time spent at sea and the inherent occupational risks involved in subsistence fishing. This is in addition to the economic and environmental impacts on the productivity and quality of fishing production, which are a direct consequence of the dredging works and the new navigation and anchoring norms established and imposed by the state. PMID:25272109

Freitas, Marcelo Bessa; Rodrigues, Silvio Cesar Alves

2014-10-01

18

The low-cost measured instrument with LabVIEW And RJ45  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the design of a low-cost virtual instrument to measure temperature. Problem of development of instrument is the DB25 line limitation which is too short. To solve this problem, RJ45 is used with DB25 to be longer. There are several techniques in this paper such as DB25 to RJ 45 connection technique, analog to digital circuit technique, software

W. Prommee; N. Somchaiwong; S. Jeenawong

2006-01-01

19

Segmental duplication implicated in the genesis of inversion 2Rj of Anopheles gambiae.  

PubMed

The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae maintains high levels of inversion polymorphism that facilitate its exploitation of diverse ecological settings across tropical Africa. Molecular characterization of inversion breakpoints is a first step toward understanding the processes that generate and maintain inversions. Here we focused on inversion 2Rj because of its association with the assortatively mating Bamako chromosomal form of An. gambiae, whose distinctive breeding sites are rock pools beside the Niger River in Mali and Guinea. Sequence and computational analysis of 2Rj revealed the same 14.6 kb insertion between both breakpoints, which occurred near but not within predicted genes. Each insertion consists of 5.3 kb terminal inverted repeat arms separated by a 4 kb spacer. The insertions lack coding capacity, and are comprised of degraded remnants of repetitive sequences including class I and II transposable elements. Because of their large size and patchwork composition, and as no other instances of these insertions were identified in the An. gambiae genome, they do not appear to be transposable elements. The 14.6 kb modules inserted at both 2Rj breakpoint junctions represent low copy repeats (LCRs, also called segmental duplications) that are strongly implicated in the recent (approximately 0.4N(e) generations) origin of 2Rj. The LCRs contribute to further genome instability, as demonstrated by an imprecise excision event at the proximal breakpoint of 2Rj in field isolates. PMID:17786220

Coulibaly, Mamadou B; Lobo, Neil F; Fitzpatrick, Meagan C; Kern, Marcia; Grushko, Olga; Thaner, Daniel V; Traoré, Sékou F; Collins, Frank H; Besansky, Nora J

2007-01-01

20

Research on RJ has recently focused on the physiological functions of its individual  

E-print Network

, it shows 1. INTRODUCTION Royal jelly (RJ) is a part of the diet of honeybee larvae and it plays a major the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of nurse honeybees (Apis mellifera L.) (Knecht and Kaatz, 1990; Lensky and Rakover, 1983). Original article Some properties of the main protein of honeybee (Apis mellifera) royal

Boyer, Edmond

21

Influence of the modern light environment on mood TA Bedrosian and RJ Nelson  

E-print Network

cycles created by social and work schedules. Urban light pollution, night shift work, transmeridianREVIEW Influence of the modern light environment on mood TA Bedrosian and RJ Nelson Humans years the widespread adoption of electric light has transformed our environment. Instead of aligning

Nelson, Randy J.

22

The Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory (CAMO): System overview R.J. Weryk a,  

E-print Network

The Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory (CAMO): System overview R.J. Weryk a, , M.D. Campbell 10 January 2013 Accepted 19 April 2013 Available online 3 May 2013 Keywords: Meteors Image processing for the Canadian Automated Meteor Observatory (CAMO), an automated two-station video meteor system designed

Wiegert, Paul

23

77 FR 30588 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc.-Construction and Operation Exemption-In...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...for R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Pennsylvania Lines Inc. (RJCP) to construct and operate 10.8 miles of previously abandoned rail right-of-way between Wallaceton Junction, PA., and Winburne, PA., subject to environmental...

2012-05-23

24

Almerio B. Franca Petrobras-E&P-BC, Av. Chile 65, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil  

E-print Network

AUTHORS Alme´rio B. Franc¸a Petrobra´s-E&P-BC, Av. Chile 65, Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil Alme´rio B. Franc¸a received his B.S. degree in geology from the Universidade de Brasi´lia, Brazil in 1974 and his of glacially influenced deposits in the Gondwana of the Parana´ basin, southern Brazil. He joined Petrobra

Maynard, J. Barry

25

42. Vonsattel JP, Myers RH, Stevens TJ, Ferrante RJ, Bird ED, Richardson EP Jr. Neuropathological classification of Hun-  

E-print Network

42. Vonsattel JP, Myers RH, Stevens TJ, Ferrante RJ, Bird ED, Richardson EP Jr. Neuropathological classification of Hun- tington's disease. J Neuropathol Exp Neurol 1985:44;559­ 577. 43. Levivier M, Gash DM factors for the treatment of Huntington's disease: is neuroprotection possible? Exp Neurol 1999

Fischl, Bruce

26

Interactions of 3D mantle flow and continental lithosphere near passive margins R.J. Farrington a,  

E-print Network

northward drift commenced (Tikku and Cande, 1999). The continental insulation mechanism has also beenInteractions of 3D mantle flow and continental lithosphere near passive margins R.J. Farrington a and thick continental lithosphere. The resultant flow in the upper mantle is driven by a combination

Sandiford, Mike

27

Enabling Technology for Distributed Multimedia Applications J.W. Wong, K.A. Lyons, R.J. Velthuys,  

E-print Network

Enabling Technology for Distributed Multimedia Applications J.W. Wong, K.A. Lyons, R.J. Velthuys, G technologies required to support the development of distributed multimedia applications. Our work is focused multimedia applications. Of particular interest are ``presentational'' applications where multimedia

von Bochmann, Gregor

28

THE DUTCH OPEN TELESCOPE R.J. RUTTEN, R.H. HAMMERSCHLAG AND F.M. BETTONVIL  

E-print Network

.W. Hoogendoorn with one drive train. The requirement that the telescope should point stably, with accuracy betterTHE DUTCH OPEN TELESCOPE R.J. RUTTEN, R.H. HAMMERSCHLAG AND F.M. BETTONVIL Sterrekundig Instituut, Postbus 80 000, NL­3508 TA, Utrecht Abstract. The Dutch Open Telescope is now being installed at La Palma

Rutten, Rob

29

3. Freedman, M.S., Lucas, R.J., Soni, B., von Schantz, M., Munoz, M., David-Gray,  

E-print Network

mammalian cells photoresponsive. Nature 433, 741­745. 12. Qiu, X., Kumbalasiri, T., Carlson, S.M., Wong, K.YMagazine R751 3. Freedman, M.S., Lucas, R.J., Soni, B., von Schantz, M., Munoz, M., David-Gray, Z. Berson, D.M., Dunn, F.A., and Takao, M. (2002). Phototransduction by retinal ganglion cells that set

Whitney, David

30

The Type III Secretion System of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 Mediates Symbiotic Incompatibility with Rj2 Soybean Plants  

PubMed Central

The rhcJ and ttsI mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 for the type III protein secretion system (T3SS) failed to secrete typical effector proteins and gained the ability to nodulate Rj2 soybean plants (Hardee), which are symbiotically incompatible with wild-type USDA122. This suggests that effectors secreted via the T3SS trigger incompatibility between these two partners. PMID:23204412

Tsukui, Takahiro; Eda, Shima; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Okazaki, Shin; Kakizaki-Chiba, Kaori; Itakura, Manabu; Mitsui, Hisayuki; Yamashita, Akifumi; Terasawa, Kimihiro

2013-01-01

31

RJ 051542+0104.7: A new magnetic, eclipsing, cataclysmic variable  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of a recently identified X-ray bright, magnetic cataclysmic variable, RJ 051542+0104.7. The X-ray source was discovered serendipitously by Walter et al. (1994; Walter & Zoonematkermani 1994), and their data imply the presence of a heated white dwarf compatible with a magnetic accretion column. Buckley (1994) has reported the presence of circular polarization. Our optical photometry shows that the system undergoes eclipses with a period of 7.9835 +/- 0.0002 hours. The eclipse is 1 magnitude deep and appears to be total. Our spectra were all obtained near eclipse and show a strong blue continuum with broad Balmer emission as well as He II (4686 and 5411 A), C III/N III (4650 A) and He I lines. The blue continuum and emission lines disappear during eclipse, leaving only the spectrum of a M0 star. Using the observed magnitude during eclipse and ignoring interstellar extinction, the distance is approximately 500 pc. For the secondary to fill its Roche lobe, it must be at least 20% larger than that of a normal dM0 star. This may indicate the red dwarf is far from local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) due to strong magnetic braking. We find evidence for cyclotron humps in the continuum spectrum which imply a magnetic field strength in the cyclotron emitting region of up to 55 MG. The unexpected existence of a long period AM Her system should provide constraints on models of polar evolution.

Garnavich, Peter M.; Szkody, Paula; Robb, Russell M.; Zurek, David R.; Hoard, D. W.

1994-01-01

32

[The domestic violence against the elderly within the Family Health Program of Niterói (RJ, Brazil)].  

PubMed

This article investigates the magnitude and characteristics of violence against the elderly by trusted people at Ilha da Conceição, Niterói--RJ registered at the Family Health Program. A domestic survey interviewed 343 individuals with 60 years or more, selected by a simple random sample. To identify the violence it was used the Conflict Tactics Scales. Information about identification, demographics and socio-economics characteristics were obtained using the National Health Interview Survey. The Mini-Mental State Examination was used to evaluate mental health. In order to evaluate the functional capacity, the Health Assessment Questionnaire was used. In cases of alcohol suspicion among men, it was used the instrument CAGE. To female elder or caregivers, the TWEAK instrument was used. 43% reported at least one episode of psychological violence. Physical violence was reported by 9.6% of the interviewed, 6.1% reported serious physical violence in this period. The prevalence of different modalities of violence was higher among the youngest individuals, with higher scholarity, among those who have one of the pathologies that characterize the elderly as having a vulnerability (depression and/or urinary incontinence/fecal and/or diabetes and/or rheumatism) and those living with the greatest number of individuals. PMID:20922308

Apratto Júnior, Paulo Cavalcante

2010-09-01

33

Dinâmica populacional de Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774) em um riacho impactado da Vila do Abraão, Ilha Grande, Angra dos Reis, RJ, Brasil.  

E-print Network

??Melanoides tuberculatus (Müller, 1774) é um gastrópode dulceaquícola de origem afroasiática, atualmente com uma distribuição cosmopolita, devido a seu comportamento invasivo. Utilizamos em nosso trabalho… (more)

Igor Christo Miyahira

2010-01-01

34

The Cabo Frio (rj) Coastal Upwelling during the Mid-Holocene  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Upwelling zones and other high sedimentation rate regions are considered key areas for the comprehension of Quaternary climatic changes, but little is known about temporal fluctuations of productivity in the southwestern Atlantic continental margin. The Brazilian Southeast continental shelf, in the vicinity of Cabo Frio, is characterized by a strong cross-shelf sea surface temperature gradient, reflecting the influence of persistent upwelling of relatively cold waters, especially during the austral spring and summer. Cold water plumes through strong air-sea interactions affect sea-breeze circulation, modulating the climate of this area. Wind stress curl (Ekman pumping) generates ocean-surface divergence (convergence), forcing upward (downward) water movements. Cabo Frio's climate is also influenced by the upwelling process. In the present study atmospheric and oceanic variables, and the Ekman pumping were analyzed in the region of the Southwest Atlantic in order to study the influence of atmospheric and oceanic dynamics on the process of coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio (RJ) during the mid-Holocene (MH). For execution of the study 10 years of results from climatic experiments for the period of MH and pre-industrial (PI) were used. These experiments were performed by Paleoclimate Modelling Intercomparison Project Phase II (PMIP 2) using the coupled model Community Climate System Model Version 3 (CCSM3) from the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). It were made seasonal means to the summer (December, January, February), fall (March, April, May), spring (June, July, August) and winter (September, October, November). The variables were analyzed from horizontal fields, vertical and zonal sections in the ocean, vertical time sections and timely analysis of Ekman pumpin, being set at different coordinates for the dynamic and thermodynamic variables due to different positioning in the numerical grid model. For the thermodynamic variables, the sections were fixed in parallel 23.3° S and timely analyzes were made for longitude -41.7° W and parallel 23.3° S. To the dynamic variables, the sections were fixed in parallel 23.5° S and timely analyzes were made for longitude 41.1° W and parallel 23.5° S. The coordinates used for the analysis consisted at the numerical grid point model, the closest point to the region of Cabo Frio. During the spring and summer the upwelling index, the vertical velocity of sea water and the depth of the upper limit of the South Atlantic Central Water (SACW) were found to be most favorable to the occurrence of coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio, while during the fall and winter these parameters were found less favorable. These results suggest that during the MH, the coastal upwelling at the region of Cabo Frio presented a seasonal pattern, being more intense on spring and summer and weaker on winter and autumn. There is the possibility of occurrence during the mid-Holocene of the processes of coastal upwelling most intense at Cabo Frio when compared to the PI period, during periods of spring and summer seasons. This fact can be explained by the lower depth of the upper limit of SACW and higher values of the Ekman pumping and the vertical velocity of sea water during this period.

Dragaud, I. C.; de Freitas Assad, L.; Landau, L.

2013-05-01

35

Diet and foraging of the endemic lizard Cnemidophorus littoralis (Squamata, Teiidae) in the restinga de Jurubatiba, Macaé, RJ.  

PubMed

We investigated the diet and foraging of the endemic teiid lizard Cnemidophorus littoralis in a restinga habitat in Jurubatiba, Macaé - RJ. The stomach contents were removed, analyzed and identified to the Order level. There was no relationship between C. littoralis morphological variables and number, length or volume of preys. Termites (48.7%) and larvae (35.5%) were the most important prey items which occurred in the examined lizards' stomachs. The diet did not differ between males and females. Cnemidophorus littoralis is an active forager and predominantly consumes relatively sedentary prey or prey that is aggregated in the environment. We also found an intact and undigested hatchling of the crepuscular/nocturnal gekkonid lizard Hemidactylus mabouia in the stomach of an adult male of C. littoralis, which indicates that C. littoralis is a potential source of mortality for individuals of H. mabouia in the restinga de Jurubatiba. PMID:17119827

Menezes, V A; Amaral, V C; Sluys, M V; Rocha, C F D

2006-08-01

36

Karl Marx no Brasil (1 Armando Boito  

E-print Network

1 Karl Marx no Brasil (1 ) Armando Boito Luiz Eduardo Motta � crescente o interesse pela obra de Karl Marx no Brasil atual. Essa tendência está perfeitamente integrada à nova vaga de interesse pela vaga internacional de interesse pela obra de Karl Marx teve início na segunda metade da década de 1990

Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

37

Communities of P-solubilizing bacteria, fungi and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in grass pasture and secondary forest of Paraty, RJ - Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Communities of P-solubilizing bacteria, fungi and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, were evaluated in two dif- ferent ecosystems. Samplings taken from two areas of Atlantic forest, in Paraty - RJ, Brazil, one with a secondary forest and the other with a grass pasture were studied. Four growth media: GL (glucose and yeast extract), GES (glucose, soil extract, KNO3, CaCl2, MgSO4, NaCl, FeEDTA

Edson L. Souchie; Orivaldo J. Saggin-Júnior; Eliane M. R. Silva; Eduardo F. C. Campello; Rosario Azcón; Jose M. Barea

2006-01-01

38

LINGUA ESTRANGEIRA Materiais Didticos  

E-print Network

Fabricio Doutora em Lingüística - Professora da Faculdade de Letras da UFRJ) Claudia Almada Gavina da Cruz Sepetiba ­ Magé. Maria Rita Pedrosa de Souza CE Parque Amorim ­ Belford Roxo - RJ #12;Mariana Ferreira da

Liu, I-Shih

39

C.J. Ham, Y.Q. Liu, J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, R.J. Hastie, T.C. Hender and T.J. Martin  

E-print Network

C.J. Ham, Y.Q. Liu, J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, R.J. Hastie, T.C. Hender and T.J. Martin CCFE-PR(12 with shaped cross section. C.J. Ham, Y.Q. Liu, J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, R.J. Hastie, T.C. Hender and T are described in this paper. A fast method using the recently improved T7 code (Ham et al. 2012 Plasma Phys

40

C.J. Ham, J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, C.G. Gimblett, R.J. Hastie, T.C. Hender and T.J. Martin  

E-print Network

C.J. Ham, J.W. Connor, S.C. Cowley, C.G. Gimblett, R.J. Hastie, T.C. Hender and T.J. Martin CCFE toroidal effects on tokamak tearing mode stability in the hybrid and conventional scenarios C.J. Ham, J

41

Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C.D. (1987) Mechanisms of segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development, Alan Liss Inc., New York. pp. 177-194.  

E-print Network

Biology of Invertebrate Development, Alan Liss Inc., New York. pp. 177-194. #12;Keynes, R.J. and Stern, C.D. (1987) Mechanisms of segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate of segmentation in vertebrate embryos. In: Molecular Biology of Invertebrate Development, Alan Liss Inc., New York

Stern, Claudio

42

In Usability Evaluation and Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and Virtual Reality, MJ Smith, G Salvendy, D Harris, & RJ Koubek (eds.), (Proc HCI International 2001, New Orleans, 5-10 August), NJ: Erlbaum, 604-608.  

E-print Network

In Usability Evaluation and Interface Design: Cognitive Engineering, Intelligent Agents and Virtual Reality, MJ Smith, G Salvendy, D Harris, & RJ Koubek (eds.), (Proc HCI International 2001, New Orleans, 5-10 August), NJ: Erlbaum, 604-608. Creating three dimensions in virtual auditory displays**** Barbara Shinn

Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara G.

43

Brasil Venezuela: paradiplomacia na integração econômica da área de fronteira.  

E-print Network

??Mediante a pesquisa empreendida, buscou-se estudar aspectos da globalização, integração regional e, em especial, as relações internacionais existentes entre governos não centrais, envolvendo Brasil e… (more)

Almir Morais Sá

2009-01-01

44

Paulo Cesar de Paiva1 1. Departamento de Zoologia Instituto de Biologia. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro CCS -Bloco A -Ilha do Fundo CEP 21940-590 -Rio de Janeiro -RJ -Brasil  

E-print Network

. Capítulo 7 Filo Annelida Classe Polychaeta PAIVA, P.C. 2006. Capítulo 7. Filo Annelida. Classe Polychaeta, biogeography. #12;263CAPÍTULO 7 ­ FILO ANNELIDA. CLASSE POLYCHAETA 7.1. Introdução 7.1.1. Caracterização e importância Os Annelida Polychaeta são um dos grupos de inver- tebrados mais abundantes e diversos em

Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

45

Submitted on February 16, 2007. Accepted on May 8, 2007. Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, CCS, IB, Departamento de Zoologia. Ilha do Fundo, 21941-590, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brasil.  

E-print Network

Nacional, Rio de Janeiro, v.65, n.3, p.357-362, jul./set.2007 ISSN 0365-4508 AMPHINOMIDAE (ANNELIDA. Key words: Amphinomidae. Eurythoe. Hermodice. Linopherus. Rocas Atoll. RESUMO: Amphinomidae (Annelida

Paiva, Paulo Cesar de

46

[Domestic violence against children and prospects for intervention of the Family Health Program: the experience of the Family Doctor Program/Niterói (RJ, Brazil)].  

PubMed

This study seeks to estimate the prevalence of psychological and physical violence practiced against children in the family environment among clients of the Family Medical Program in Niterói (RJ). It also discloses some potential opportunities for action in the prevention, early detection and monitoring of families experiencing violence. This population-based survey was conducted with face-to-face interviews with parents or legal sponsors of 278 children registered in 27 teams of the Family Health Program. The population studied was randomly selected among children up to ten years of age. The Brazilian version of Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales - CTSPC was employed to assess the occurrence of this type of violence. Psychological aggression occurred in 96.7% (CI 95%: 94.7-98.8) of the households, and corporal punishment occurred in 93.8% (CI 95%: 92.0-96.7). Minor physical violence was reported by 51.4% (CI 95%: 45.5-57.3) of the respondents, and severe physical maltreatment by 19.8% (CI 95%: 15.1-24.5) of them. Although the mother was the foremost perpetrator of all kinds of maltreatment, most of the children were abused by both parents. In view of these results, domestic violence against children should be seen as a main concern for the Family Health Program. PMID:21808916

Rocha, Pedro Carlos Xavier da; Moraes, Claudia Leite

2011-07-01

47

Respostas religiosas à aids no Brasil: impressões de pesquisa1  

PubMed Central

Resumo O texto encontra-se estruturado em quatro partes. Na primeira delas, apresentamos um conjunto de considerações e informações acerca da situação da aids no Brasil, das relações entre religião, sexualidade, aids e estado laico, bem como uma descrição mais clara do Projeto Respostas Religiosas ao HIV/Aids no Brasil, do qual este texto apresenta algumas impressões de pesquisa preliminares. A seguir, dedicamos um item a apresentação da Pastoral de DST/Aids, sua história, estrutura e objetivos. No item seguinte problematizamos diversas questões em particular no âmbito das relações Estado e Igreja, relações entre agentes de pastoral e hierarquia da Igreja, e questões ligadas mais diretamente à sexualidade e aids, todas referenciadas ao trabalho da Pastoral de DST/Aids. Ao final, apresentamos a bibliografia e fontes consultadas. PMID:20428503

Seffner, Fernando; da Silva, Cristiane Gonçalves Meireles; Maksud, Ívia; Garcia, Jonathan; Rios, Luís Felipe; Natividade, Marcelo; Borges, Priscila Rodrigues; Parker, Richard; Terto, Veriano

2009-01-01

48

HELMINTOS DE Myleus micans (LÜTKEN, 1875) (CHARACIFORMES: SERRASALMINAE) DO RIO SÃO FRANCISCO, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 ABSTRACT.- BRASIL-SATO, M. DE C.; SANTOS, M. D. DOS (Helminths of Myleus micans (Lütken, 1875) (Characiformes: Serrasalminae) from the São Francisco river, Brazil.) Helmintos de Myleus micans (Lütken, 1875) (Characiformes: Serrasalminae) do rio São Francisco, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veteriná- ria, v. 12, n. 3, p. 131-134, 2003. Departamento de Biologia Animal, UFRRJ, Km 47, Antiga Rod. Rio-São

MARILIA DE C. BRASIL-SATO; MICHELLE D. DOS SANTOS

49

Zoneamento agrícola e época de semeadura para trigo no Brasil Agricultural zoning and sowing dates for wheat in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo - Um Programa de Zoneamento Agrícola para o Brasil, subsidiando a política de crédito e securidade rural, começou a ser posto em prática pelo Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA) a partir da safra de inverno de 1996, com a cultura de trigo no sul do Brasil. Este artigo apresenta uma síntese dos trabalhos sobre zoneamento agrícola para

Gilberto Rocca da Cunha; João Carlos Haas; Jaime Ricardo; Tavares Maluf; Paulo Henrique Caramori; Eduardo Delgado Assad; Hugo José Braga; Jurandir Zullo Jr; Cláudio Lazzarotto; Sérgio Gonçalves; Marcos Wrege; Dionísio Brunetta; Sérgio Roberto Dotto; Hilton Silveira Pinto; Orivaldo Brunini; Vera Magali; Radtke Thomé; Sérgio Luiz Zampieri; Aldemir Pasinato; Márcia Barrocas Moreira Pimentel; Cristina Pandolfo

2001-01-01

50

Descentralização da Educação Pública no Brasil: Trajetória dos Gastos e das Matrículas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabalho analisa o processo de descentralização da educação pública no Brasil iniciado em meados da década de 1990. O ponto de partida é um resgate histórico da gestão da política educacional brasileira, fortemente ligada às transformações políticas e econômicas da história recente do país. Em seguida, o foco recai sobre o quadro institucional-legal e a estrutura de financiamento e

Jorge Abrahão de Castro; Bruno de Carvalho Duarte

2008-01-01

51

Conhecimento e Dinamismo Psíquico em Dois Sermões no Brasil Colonial1  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO - O trabalho aborda as relações entre conhecimento e dinamismo psíquico em dois sermões pregados no Brasil por Eusebio de Mattos, no século XVII e por Bento da Trindade, no século XVIII. Uma concepção de conhecimento afetivo implicando as atividades das potências anímicas defi ne o êxtase dos místicos como ato do entendimento aplicado ao objeto supremo, Deus. Esta

Marina Massimi

52

Low energy nuclear reactions with RIBRAS, Radioactive Ion Beam in Brasil, system  

Microsoft Academic Search

RIBRAS, Radioactive Ion beam in Brasil, is a system based on superconducting solenoids which can produce low energy RNB (Radioactive Nuclear Beams) at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. Secondary radioactive beams of light particles such as 6He, 7Be and 8Li have been produced and low energy elastic scattering and transfer reaction experiments have been performed. The recent scientific program

V. Guimarães; A. Lépine-Szily; R. Lichtenthäler; P. N. de Faria; A. Barioni; K. C. C. Pires; V. Morcelle; D. R. Mendes; J. C. Zamora; M. C. Morais; R. P. Condori; E. A. Benjamim; D. S. Monteiro; E. Crema; A. M. Moro; J. Lubian

2011-01-01

53

Scientific program of the Radioactive Ion Beams Facility in Brasil (RIBRAS)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The RIBRAS facility (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil) is installed in connection with the 8MV Pelletron tandem of the University of São Paulo Physics Institute. It consists of two superconducting solenoids which focalize light radioactive secondary beams of low energy, produced by transfer reactions. Recent experimental results include the elastic scattering and transfer reactions of 6He halo nucleus on 9Be,

A. Lépine-Szily; R. Lichtenthäler; V. Guimarães; D. R. Mendes; P. N. de Faria; A. Barioni; E. A. Benjamim; K. C. C. Pires; V. Morcelle; R. Pampa Condori; M. C. Morais; P. Descouvemont; A. M. Moro; M. Rodríguez Gallardo; M. M. Assunção; J. A. Alcantara Nunez; J. M. B. Shorto; J. C. Zamora; E. Leistenschneider; C. E. F. Lima

2010-01-01

54

Coordenao Central de Cooperao Internacional International Programs Central Coordination Office  

E-print Network

­ RJ ­ Brasil Tel: (55-21) 3527-1577 / Fax: 3527-1094 http://www.puc-rio.br/ccci/ E-mail: inter: _____________________________________ Identidade: �rgão Expedidor: CPF: Nascimento: Estado Civil: Vive com alguém maritalmente? Sim Não Nome do Franca, 8º andar CEP 22.453-900 ­ Rio de Janeiro ­ RJ ­ Brasil Tel: (55-21) 3527-1577 / Fax: 3527

55

Vice-Reitoria para Assuntos Comunitrios Coordenao de Bolsas e Auxlios  

E-print Network

Vicente, 225 ­ Gávea 22451-900 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ ­ Brasil Tel./Fax: (21) 3527 ­ 1356 LISTA DE CPF ou CNH de todos os membros do grupo familiar maiores de 18 anos (Especificação do Anexo II da Bolsas e Auxílios Rua Marquês de São Vicente, 225 ­ Gávea 22451-900 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ ­ Brasil Tel

56

Coordenao Central de Cooperao Internacional International Programs Central Coordination Office  

E-print Network

­ RJ ­ Brasil Tel: (55-21) 3527-1577 / Fax: 3527-1094 http://www.puc-rio.br/ccci/ E-mail: outgoinginf2: _____________________________________ Dupla nacionalidade: Sim Não Qual? _______________________________ Identidade: �rgão Expedidor: CPF Janeiro ­ RJ ­ Brasil Tel: (55-21) 3527-1577 / Fax: 3527-1094 http://www.puc-rio.br/ccci/ E

57

Estudo etnobotânico em duas comunidades rurais (Limeira e Ribeirão Grande) de Guaratuba (Paraná, Brasil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Realizou-se levantamento etnobotânico em duas comunidades rurais etnicamente distintas (Limeira e Ribeirão Grande) de Guaratuba (Paraná, Brasil) para identificar plantas utilizadas na terapêutica popular, utilizando-se entrevistas semi-estruturadas (n= 11 e n= 7, respectivamente). Além de informações sócio-econômicas sobre a população amostrada, as seguintes informações sobre o uso de plantas medicinais foram registradas: nome popular, indicação terapêutica, parte usada, modo

58

A Monsanto no Brasil: Discursos publicitrios e tecno-cientficos sobre os transgnicos(*)  

E-print Network

1 A Monsanto no Brasil: Discursos publicitários e tecno- científicos sobre os transgênicos.reigota@prof.uniso.br marcos.reigota@pq.cnpq.br Resumo: O trabalho aborda as estratégias e práticas discursivas da Monsanto Nacional de Pesquisa Científica. O artigo é pautado em documentos publicitários difundidos pela Monsanto

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

59

LIVROS DIDTICOS E SUAS FUNES PARA O PROFESSOR DE MATEMTICA NO BRASIL E NA FRANA.  

E-print Network

LIVROS DIDÁTICOS E SUAS FUN��ES PARA O PROFESSOR DE MATEMÁTICA NO BRASIL E NA FRAN�A. Clovis Gomes-Claude.Regnier@univ-lyon2.fr RESUMO Esse texto aborda as funções do livro didático de matemática em dois n que visa pôr em evidência o livro didático de matemática como «vetor de formação continuada» para os

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

60

[Science, aesthetics and race: images and texts inO Brasil Médico, 1928-1945].  

PubMed

This study addresses the formation of discourse about race and eugenics in texts and images published in O Brasil Médico, between 1928 and 1945. The documental analysis inspired on Foucault's theoretical and methodological perspectives, especially the concept of biopolitics, encountered references to the problems of eugenics amongst the Brazilian population, as well as a set of illustrations, mostly photographs of black people's bodies. A contradiction was identified, where a universalistic discourse about race was expressed at the same time that discourses about eugenics and biotypes revealed concerns about the degeneration of the formation of the Brazilian race. These discourses describe a Brazilian race with an idealized standard of physical and moral normality to serve as a model for the development and modernization of the nation. PMID:24346202

Silva, Eliana Gesteira da; Fonseca, Alexandre Brasil

2013-11-30

61

Reproductive biology of the characid dourado Salminus franciscanus from the São Francisco River, Brasil.  

PubMed

The neotropical characid Salminus franciscanus is an economically valuable migratory fish whose populations have been drastically reduced in recent decades due to industrial and economic development in Brasil. To study its reproduction, a total of 283 adult specimens were captured in the Upper São Francisco River, downstream from the Três Marias dam, Minas Gerais, south-eastern Brasil, from August 2009 to July 2010. The gonadal maturity stages were determined from histological features of the gonads and gonadosomatic index (GSI). Gametogenesis was assessed by light and electron microscopy. For analysis of the oocyte's surface and fecundity, mature females were subjected to hormonal induction and oocyte stripping. Fish in resting (Stage 1) were common in all samplings, ripening/ripe and spawning (Stages 2 and 3) were predominant in October-November and December-January and post-spawning (Stage 4) occurred from December-January extending until April-May. The GSI followed the morphological changes of gonadal maturation, with a peak in October-November, when maximum GSI (7.08 in females and 3.46 in males) was achieved. From scanning electron microscopy, stripped oocytes showed a funnel-shaped micropyle and a simple oocyte surface arrangement, which is typical for non-adhesive eggs. Fecundity ranged from 160 to 440×10(3) oocytes per female and 129 to 175×10(3)oocytes/kg. The results of this study indicate that S. franciscanus reproduces in the Upper São Francisco River from October to January, exhibiting a total spawning pattern, non-adhesive eggs and high fecundity, providing support for aquaculture and conservation biology of this important neotropical characid fish. PMID:23618945

Freitas, Leonardo J A; Prado, Paula S; Arantes, Fabio P; Santiago, Kleber B; Sato, Yoshimi; Bazzoli, Nilo; Rizzo, Elizete

2013-06-01

62

Respostas religiosas à aids no Brasil: impressões de pesquisa acerca da Pastoral de DST/Aids da Igreja Católica1  

PubMed Central

O texto encontra-se estruturado em quatro partes. Na primeira delas, apresentamos um conjunto de considerações e informações acerca da situação da aids no Brasil, das relações entre religião, sexualidade, aids e estado laico, bem como uma descrição mais clara do Projeto Respostas Religiosas ao HIV/Aids no Brasil, do qual este texto apresenta algumas impressões de pesquisa preliminares. A seguir, dedicamos um item a apresentação da Pastoral de DST/Aids, sua história, estrutura e objetivos. No item seguinte problematizamos diversas questões em particular no âmbito das relações Estado e Igreja, relações entre agentes de pastoral e hierarquia da Igreja, e questões ligadas mais diretamente à sexualidade e aids, todas referenciadas ao trabalho da Pastoral de DST/Aids. Ao final, apresentamos a bibliografia e fontes consultadas. PMID:20442806

Seffner, Fernando; Silva, Cristiane Gonçalves Meireles da; Maksud, Ívia; Garcia, Jonathan; Rios, Luís Felipe; Natividade, Marcelo; Borges, Priscila Rodrigues; Parker, Richard; Terto, Veriano

2009-01-01

63

A PESCA DE ARRASTO DE TALUDE DO SUDESTE E SUL DO BRASIL: TENDÊNCIAS DA FROTA NACIONAL ENTRE 2001 E 2003  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recente pesca de arrasto de talude do Sudeste-Sul do Brasil é descrita neste trabalho a partir de 1.570 viagens realizadas por arrasteiros duplos e arrasteiros simples da frota nacional entre janeiro de 2001 e dezembro de 2003, todas monitoradas nos portos de Santa Catarina. A atividade produziu cerca de 32.000 t, das quais 80% foram desembarcadas por arrasteiros duplos

José Angel; Alvarez PEREZ; Paulo Ricardo PEZZUTO

64

rj^TTY?^ /H\\ Ris-R-559 Department of  

E-print Network

Cities 1 Reactor 12 2.2. Energy Distribution in a "hot" Neutron Source in DR3 15 2.3. The Temperature/Particle Flows 22 2.9. Basin Modelling 23 2.10. Simulation of Oil Displacement Experiments ........ 27 2.11. Modelling Nitrogen in a Forest Floor 31 3. PUBLICATIONS 34 STAFF OP THE DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY TECHNOLOGY 36

65

C OMUNIDADES LENHOSAS NO CERRADO SENTIDO RESTRITO EM DUAS POSIÇÕES TOPOGRÁFICAS NA ESTAÇÃO ECOLÓGICA DO JARDIM BOTÂNICO DE BRASÍLIA, DF, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

2 CNPq - Bolsa, Pesquisador II. RESUMO (Comunidades lenhosas no cerrado sentido restrito em duas posições topográficas na EEJBB, DF, Brasil) A topografia afeta o regime hídrico e propriedades edáficas determinantes da vegetação do cerrado. Este estudo avaliou a distribuição espacial de árvores do cerrado sensu stricto em duas posições topográficas, interflúvio (I) e vale (V) na Estação Ecológica do

Manoel Cláudio; Silva Júnior; Thaise Rachel Sarmento

2009-01-01

66

Bactérias da família Enterobacteriaceae em Alphitobius diaperinus oriundos de granjas avícolas dos Estados do Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

O cascudinho (Alphitobius diaperinus) é um inseto considerado como uma das maiores pragas da indústria avícola no Brasil e em diversos países no mundo. A presença dele nos aviários gera diversos transtornos, pois sua ingestão pelas aves, prejudica o ganho de peso e também podem albergar e disseminar entre as aves diversos patógenos. Coletaram-se cascudinhos em seis empresas avícolas dos

Stefanie Dickel Segabinazi; Maristela Lovato Flôres; Aléverson da Silva Barcelos; Gislaine Jacobsen; Rosângela Dariva Eltz

67

DISCUSSÃO SOBRE INTOXICAÇÕES POR MEDICAMENTOS E AGROTÓXICOS NO BRASIL DE 1999 A 2002 Discussion about Medication and Pesticide Poisonings in Brazil from 1999 to 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Medicamentos e agrotóxicos são intensamente consumidos e os contextos produtivos e mercadológico nos quais estes estão inseridos aproximam os riscos à saúde e ao meio ambiente relacionados à sua utilização, dentre os quais estão as intoxicações, cujos principais agentes são os medicamentos e agrotóxicos. Objetivos. Discutir o padrão de intoxicações por medicamentos e agrotóxicos no Brasil, mostrando a aproximação

Reginaldo T. Mendonça; Jaqueline L. Marinho

68

Vice-Reitoria para Assuntos Comunitrios Coordenao de Bolsas e Auxlios  

E-print Network

Vicente, 225 ­ Gávea 22451-900 - Rio de Janeiro - RJ ­ Brasil Tel./Fax: (21) 3527 ­ 1354 RELA��O DE aquela unidade familiar, todas moradoras em um mesmo domicílio" (BRASIL, Portaria Normativa Nº 11, de 17 de Junho 2013, Art. 11). RG e CPF ou CNH de todos os membros do grupo familiar maiores de 18 anos

69

INDUSTRIA DO SEGURO CORRETAGEM DE SEGUROS LIMITADA 100302767 -10329 -  

E-print Network

Royal & SunAlliance Seguros Brasil S/A #12;AP�LICE DADOS DO SEGURADO Segurado ExpediçãoOrg. Emissor 24:00 h do dia 31 de dezembro de 2012 A ROYAL & SUNALLIANCE SEGUROS (BRASIL) S/A, a seguir denominada.004172/2004-08 CPF/CNPJ 33.555.921/0001-70 Endereço RUA ACRE, 47 - GRUPO 1201 - CENTRO - RIO DE JANEIRO - RJ CEP

70

DEZ ANOS DE EXPERIÊNCIA DO COMITÊ DE ÉTICA EM PESQUISA DA SECRETARIA DE SAÚDE DO DISTRITO FEDERAL, BRASIL  

PubMed Central

O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a experiência do Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa da Secretaria de Estado de Saúde do Distrito Federal (CEP/SES/DF) Brasil, durante o período de 10 anos a partir de sua fundação. Trata-se de uma avaliação descritiva e documental, na modalidade estudo de caso, utilizando-se a totalidade de projetos protocolados no CEP/SES/DF (N° 052/08) nesse período. As pendências mais freqüentes dos projetos foram: termo de consentimento livre e esclarecido (30%), folha de rosto (25%), metodologia (20%), curriculum vitae (12%), planilha de orçamento (9%), outros (4%). O relato das atividades do CEP/SES/DF no período de 10 anos revelou, através de sua produtividade, a legitimidade do processo de análise ética dos protocolos visando à proteção dos participantes da pesquisa. PMID:19888441

Novaes, Maria Rita C. G.; Guilhem, Dirce; Lolas, Fernando

2009-01-01

71

Crack Nucleation Sensitivity Analysis N. Van Goethem,a  

E-print Network

Crack Nucleation Sensitivity Analysis N. Van Goethem,a , A.A. Novotnyb aCentro de Matem´atica e´ulio Vargas 333, 25651-075 Petr´opolis - RJ, Brasil Abstract A simple analytical expression for crack-type surface energy of an elastic cracked body is calculated. As the main results we derive a crack nucleation

Lisbon, University of

72

Geometry Textures Rodrigo de Toledo  

E-print Network

Geometry Textures Rodrigo de Toledo Tecgraf ­ PUC-Rio Rio de Janeiro - RJ, Brasil rtoledo but applied to the whole object. Tessel- lated models are converted into geometry textures, a geo- metric with LOD speed-up while preserving original quality. 1 Introduction The goal of geometry textures

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

73

O CNPq disponibilizou, no dia 30/04, o novo Diretrio dos Grupos de Pesquisa no Brasil. Seu novo Portal organiza e integra as diversas ferramentas de coleta de dados, de  

E-print Network

O CNPq disponibilizou, no dia 30/04, o novo Diretório dos Grupos de Pesquisa no Brasil. Seu novo aproveitados na nova versão do DGP porque, no modelo anterior, não era requerido seu CPF. Ao atualizar ou" (CPF e Senha Lattes), onde poderá consultar, atualizar e inserir grupos de pesquisa e ler os

Maier, Rudolf Richard

74

Socioeconomic inequalities are still a barrier to full child vaccine coverage in the Brazilian Amazon: a cross-sectional study in Assis Brasil, Acre, Brazil.  

PubMed

IntroductionVaccines are very important to reduce morbidity and mortality by preventable infectious diseases, especially during childhood. Optimal coverage is not always achieved, for several reasons. Here we assessed vaccine coverage for the first 12 months of age in children between 12 and 59 months old, residing in the urban area of a small Amazonian city, and factors associated with incomplete vaccination.MethodsA census was performed in the urban area of Assis Brasil, in the Brazilian Amazon, in January 2010, with mothers of 282 children aged 12 to 59 months old, using structured interviews and data from vaccination cards. Mixed logistic regression was used to determine factors associated with incomplete vaccination schemes.ResultsOnly 82.6% of all children had a completed the basic vaccine scheme for the first year of life. Vaccine coverage ranged from 52.7% coverage (oral rotavirus vaccine) to 99.7% coverage (for Bacille Calmette-Guérin). The major deficiencies occurred in doses administered after the first six months of life. Incomplete vaccination was associated with not having enough income to buy a house (aOR =2.12, 95% CI 1.06-4.21), low maternal schooling (aOR¿=¿2.60, 95% CI 1.28 ¿ 5.29) , and time of residence of the child in the urban area of the city (aOR =0.73, 95% CI 0.55 ¿ 0.95).ConclusionsThis study showed that vaccine coverage in the first twelve months of life in Assis Brasil is similar to other areas in the Amazon and it is below the coverage postulated by the Brazilian Ministry of Health. Low vaccine coverage was associated with socioeconomic inequities that still prevail in the Brazilian Amazon. Short and long-term strategies must be taken to update child vaccines and increase vaccine coverage in the Amazon. PMID:25428334

Branco, Fernando; Pereira, Thasciany; Delfino, Breno; Braña, Athos; Oliart-Guzmán, Humberto; Mantovani, Saulo; Martins, Antonio; de Menezes Oliveira, Cristieli; Ramalho, Alanderson; Codeço, Claudia; da Silva-Nunes, Mônica

2014-11-27

75

Geology, petrology and geochemistry of the "Americano do Brasil" layered intrusion, central Brazil, and its Ni-Cu sulfide deposits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Americano do Brasil" Complex (ABC) is part of a cluster of coeval synorogenic mafic-ultramafic intrusions emplaced during the Brasiliano/Pan-African Orogenic Cycle in Brazil. The medium-sized ABC consists of interlayered dunite, peridotite, websterite, and gabbronorite. High Fo values of olivine (up to Fo88) and the crystallization sequence of the ABC (Ol + Chr ? Ol + Opx + Chr ? Cpx + Opx ? Opx + Pl + Cpx ? Opx + Pl + Cpx + Ilm + Mag) suggest crystallization from tholeiitic high-MgO parental magmas. Light rare earth element (REE)-enriched mantle-normalized REE profiles and ?Nd(T) values of +2.4 for cumulate rocks from the ABC suggest a depleted mantle source for the parental magma. The ABC Ni-Cu sulfide deposit (3.1 Mt at 1.12 wt.% Ni and 1.02 wt.% Cu) consists of three distinctively different orebodies (S1, S2, and G2). The S2 orebody, an unusual occurrence of stratiform massive sulfide hosted by dunite and peridotite in the interior of a layered intrusion, results from sulfides accumulated at the transient base of the magma chamber following a new influx of parental magma. The G2 orebody has an irregular and roughly cylindrical shape, consisting mainly of net-textured sulfides. The G2 orebody is hosted by peridotite and pyroxenite and located stratigraphically below the S1 orebody. S2 and G2 orebodies are characterized by low Cu/Cu + Ni ratios (mainly below 0.4). The S1 orebody, hosted by websterite and gabbronorite in the more fractionated sequence of the ABC, is a cluster of several irregular discontinuous orebodies of Ni-Cu disseminated sulfides. The sulfides of the S1 orebody have high Cu/Cu + Ni ratios (mainly between 0.5 and 0.8) and are highly depleted in PGE. The S1 orebody is interpreted to result from a later event of sulfide segregation in the magma chamber, possibly following the event that originated the G2 orebody. The bulk of ?34S values for sulfides of the ABC orebodies and their host rocks fall in the range of 0 ± 2‰. Higher ?34S values (between 3‰ and 5‰) are restricted to pyrite from xenoliths of gneiss located close to the S1 orebody and sulfides from the S1 orebody. Crustal xenoliths and chemical data (lithogeochemistry and sulfur isotope composition) provide evidence of crustal contamination of the igneous rocks hosting the S1 orebody, suggesting that sulfur saturation was induced by contamination with sulfide-bearing crustal rocks. The ABC deposit is an example of Ni-Cu sulfide mineralization hosted by synorogenic mafic-ultramafic intrusions. The S2 orebody is the first documented example of an economic stratiform massive sulfide orebody located within layered intrusions, expanding the opportunities for exploration of Ni-Cu sulfides in orogenic regions worldwide.

E Silva, Jonas Mota; Ferreira Filho, Cesar Fonseca; Bühn, Bernhard; Dantas, Elton Luiz

2011-01-01

76

VIII Simpsio de Pesquisa Operacional e Logstica da Marinha 16 a 17 de agosto de 2005  

E-print Network

Janeiro ­ RJ - Brasil DETERMINA��O DE MEDIDAS DE DESEMPENHO EM REDES DE FILAS FINITAS Frederico R. B. Cruz Sistemas modelados por redes de filas finitas configuradas em redes vêm atraindo a atenção de muitos de intervalos de confiança aplicado à estimação de medidas de desempenho de redes de filas finitas

Cruz, Frederico

77

Negative life events and migraine: a cross-sectional analysis of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline data  

PubMed Central

Background Stress is a typical migraine trigger. However, the impact of negative life events on migraine activity is poorly studied. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between negative life events and migraine using data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) baseline assessment. Methods ELSA-Brasil is a multicenter cohort study conducted in six Brazilian cities. Baseline assessment included validated questionnaires for headache classification and the occurrence of five pre-specified negative life events (financial hardship, hospitalization other than for childbirth, death of a close relative, robbery and end of a love relationship), focusing on a 12-month period before evaluation. We built crude and adjusted logistic regression models to study the association between the occurrences of negative life events and migraine diagnosis and activity. Results We included 4,409 individuals with migraine and 4,457 participants without headache (reference). After adjustment for age, sex, race, income and educational level, we found that the occurrence of a negative life event (Odds ratio?=?1.31; 95% confidence interval?=?1.19 – 1.45) was associated with migraine. However, after stratifying with subgroup analyses, only financial hardship (Odds ratio?=?1.65; 95% confidence interval?=?1.47 – 1.87) and hospitalization (Odds ratio?=?1.47; 95% confidence interval?=?1.25 – 1.72) were independently associated with migraine. Further adjustment for a current major depression episode and report of religious activity did not significantly change the results. Considering migraine frequency as (a) less than once per month, (b) once per month to once per week, or (c) more than once per week, financial hardship and hospitalization remained significantly associated with migraine in all episode frequency strata, with higher odds ratios for higher frequencies in adjusted models. We also observed a significant association between the death of a close relative and the highest migraine frequency stratum (Odds ratio?=?1.38; 95% confidence interval?=?1.09 – 1.75) in full-adjusted model. Conclusions The occurrence of financial hardship and hospitalization had a direct and independent association with migraine diagnosis and frequency. The death of a close relative was also independently associated with the highest migraine frequency stratum. PMID:24993032

2014-01-01

78

ANÁLISE DA INSERÇÃO DOS TEMAS DE HUMANIDADES E ÉTICA, COM METODOLOGIA DE APRENDIZAGEM BASEADA EM PROBLEMAS, EM CURRICULO MÉDICO INTEGRADO EM ESCOLA PÚBLICA NO DISTRITO FEDERAL, BRASIL  

PubMed Central

Objetivo Realizar uma análise da inserção da ética e humanidades no currículo do Curso de Medicina da Escola Superior em Ciências da Saúde - ESCS, escola pública do Distrito Federal, Brasil, de forma a contribuir com o processo de gestão curricular. Metodologia O Estudo é de coorte e documental. Foram pesquisados 37 termos relacionados à ética e 36 referentes à humanização nos objetivos educacionais e conteúdo dos módulos temáticos, habilidades e atitudes e interação ensino-serviço-comunidade, de 1a a 4a série e no programa do internato no currículo (ano 2006) e no projeto pedagógico do Curso de Medicina (2001). Resultados Maior inserção da humanização, ética e bioética na 1a e 2a série, quando comparado à inserção na 3a e 4a série e no internato, (IC95%-?=0,034, pvalue=0,007). Unidade de habilidades e atitudes: freqüência das 3 temáticas no currículo da 1a a 4a séries (IC95%-?=0,026, pvalue=0,013). Quando comparada a inserção entre o internato e as quatro primeiras séries, observa-se que nestas a inserção da temática humanização é superior (IC95%-?=0,042, pvalue=0,029). Conclusão O currículo desenvolvido no ano de 2006 na ESCS apresentou correlação com o projeto pedagógico do curso e contemplou a temática de forma abrangente, em todas as séries e internato. PMID:20396594

Novaes, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi; Novaes, Luiz Carlos Garcez; Guilhem, Dirce; Lolas, Fernando; Silveira, Carla; Guiotti, Murilo

2009-01-01

79

Acute suicidal ideation in middle-aged adults from Brazil. Results from the baseline data of the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).  

PubMed

Suicidal ideation represents an important burden worldwide. However, little is known about it in low-/middle-income countries. We investigated this issue in a large cross-sectional of Brazilian civil servants (ELSA-Brasil, the Brazilian Health Longitudinal Study, n=15,105). Logistic univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the strength of association (odds ratio, OR) between clinical and sociodemographic variables with acute life-weariness (tiredness of life) and suicidal thoughts. The presence of major depressive disorder (MDD), common mental disorders (CMDs), stressful life-events (SLEs) and poor self-perceived physical health was also collected. MDD and CMDs were strongly associated with suicidal ideation in univariate and multivariate analyses. For life-weariness thoughts, a modest, consistent association was found for female gender, being single, non-White ethnicity and poor education. SLEs and poor self-perceived physical health were also associated with suicidal ideation. Espiritism-Kardecism, but not other religions or Atheism/Agnosticism, was associated with lower rates of life-weariness and suicidal thoughts. To conclude, suicidal ideation does not differ in Brazil compared to developed countries, being primarily associated with psychiatric disorders and, to a lesser but significant extent, to social disadvantage, SLEs, poor self-perceived health and being single. PMID:25510906

Brunoni, André R; Nunes, Maria A; Lotufo, Paulo A; Benseñor, Isabela M

2015-02-28

80

What is branching time semantics and why to use it? R.J. van Glabbeek \\Lambda  

E-print Network

. In Figure 1, both processes b ? a b \\Gamma \\Gamma \\Gamma\\Psi b b @ @ @R c b b \\Gamma \\Gamma \\Gamma\\Psi a b ? b b @ @ @R a b ? c b Figure 1: a(b + c) vs. ab + ac b ? a b \\Gamma \\Gamma \\Gamma\\Psi b b ? c b @ @ @R b b ? d b b \\Gamma \\Gamma \\Gamma\\Psi a b ? b b ? c b @ @ @R a b ? b b ? d b Figure 2: a(bc + bd

Pratt, Vaughan

81

Results of the radiological survey at 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ005)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956.MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from thisthorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy(DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally [sup 232]Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJO05), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

1992-10-01

82

Results of the radiological survey at 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ005)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956.MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from thisthorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy(DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJO05), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

1992-10-01

83

Print Unit, Hastings Building University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RJ  

E-print Network

­ per sheet 4p A4 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 5p A3 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 10p Colour paper ­ per sheet 7p A4 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 5p A3 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 12p A4 card (250gsm) ­ per sheet 12p A3 card (250gsm) ­ per sheet 30p Binding Comb binding (A4, per book) Up

Sussex, University of

84

Print Unit, Hastings Building University of Sussex, Falmer, Brighton BN1 9RJ  

E-print Network

2p A4 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 5p A3 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 10p Colour printing ­ per sheet 7p A4 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 5p A3 heavy paper (160gsm) ­ per sheet 12p A4 card (250gsm) ­ per sheet 12p A3 card (250gsm) ­ per sheet 30p Binding Comb binding (A4, per book) Up to 12

Sussex, University of

85

Short snooze can do you good BY R.J. IGNELZI COPLEY NEWS  

E-print Network

estimates that between 40 percent and 60 percent of the world's adult population naps during the day. "After throw off your normal nighttime sleep schedule. "If you wake up in the middle of slow-wave sleep, it't have to be sleep-deprived to gain benefits from a nap. Many normal sleepers use napping as a tool

Mednick, Sara C.

86

, R.G. Jones2 and R.J. Moore1  

E-print Network

over Europe under enhanced greenhouse gas climate conditions (Giorgi et al., 2001). Specifically years has raised the question of the likely effects of changes in precipitation on hydrological regimes and, in particular, the effect on flood frequency and severity. To examine the likely impact of future

Boyer, Edmond

87

Use of elephant grass for energy production in Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, Brazil.  

PubMed

Elephant grass is a tropical forage plant widely distributed throughout Brazil. It was first exclusively used in the livestock sector as cattle feed. The grass is characterized by its high productivity and photosynthetic capacity and is considered as an alternative source of renewable energy. Here, we estimated the general combining ability of the parents and specific combining ability of the hybrids based on morpho-agronomic biomass-quality traits. The experiment was conducted in a randomized block design with 3 replicates. The diallel was composed of 16 hybrids and 2 groups of genitors. In the diallel analysis of variance, we observed a significant difference among treatments. A significant difference was observed among genitors for dry matter production (DMP). For the general combining ability of group 1, the traits leaf blade width, DMP, height, percentage of neutral detergent fiber, percentage of hemicellulose, percentage of lignin, percentage of acid detergent fiber, and percentage of cellulose were significant. For the estimates of general combining ability of DMP, parents Porto Rico 534-B, Vruckwona, Taiwan A-146, and Mercker S. E. A. were 0.4748, 3.2819, 1.1659, and 0.4317. The parents of Mercker S. E. A. and Porto Rico 534-B produced the highest percentage of detergent fiber and percentage of lignin with values of 0.1482 and 0.0856. Thus, parents Vruckwona, Porto Rico 534-B, and Taiwan A-146 are promising for integration into breeding programs. The best hybrid combinations for DMP were 1 x 5, 1 x 8, 2 x 6, 3 x 7, and 4 x 5. PMID:25526210

Daher, R F; Souza, L B; Gravina, G A; Machado, J C; Ramos, H C C; Silva, V Q R; Menezes, B R S; Schneider, L S A; Oliveira, M L F; Gottardo, R D

2014-01-01

88

Thermal ecology and activity patterns of the lizard community of the Restinga of Jurubatiba, Macaé, RJ.  

PubMed

We analyzed the thermal ecology and activity patterns of the lizard community from the Restinga of Jurubatiba, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The broadest activity was that of Tropidurus torquatus, a sit-and-wait forager, while the active foraging teiid Cnemidophorus littoralis had the shortest activity. The nocturnal gekkonid Hemidactylus mabouia was found active during the day only during early morning and late afternoon, when environmental temperatures are low. Body temperature was highest for Cnemidophorus littoralis and lowest for the two Mabuya species. The patterns found here are discussed and compared to those of congeneric species in other habitats in Brazil. PMID:11514896

Hatano, F H; Vrcibradic, D; Galdino, C A; Cunha-Barros, M; Rocha, C F; Van Sluys, M

2001-05-01

89

PERMANENT GENETIC RESOURCES NOTE 871 Franken RJ, Hik DS (2004) Influence of habitat quality, patch size,  

E-print Network

(Salvelinus namaycush) MARYCLARE F. ROLLINS,* NINH V. VU,* INGRID B. SPIES and STEVEN T. KALINOWSKI microsatellite loci isolated from lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush). The number of alleles at these loci ranged: Lake trout, microsatellite, primer, Salvelinus namaycush Received 13 May 2008; revision accepted 7 June

90

BOb.RJ) ST~Tf. FOLICY FOR WlITER QUALITY COnTROL  

E-print Network

To assure a co~prchensjve statewide progra ~ of water 'l1l2.1ity control, the california Legislature by its adoption of the porter-Cologne ~ater Quality control Act in 1969 set forth the follo'wing statewide policy: The people of the state have a primary interest in the conservation, control, and utilization of the water resources, and the quality of all the waters shall be · protected for use and enjoyment. Activitie5 and factors which may affect the quali ty of the "aters shall be regulated to attain the highest water auali tv I"h ich is reasonable, considering all demands be'i;g made and to be r.\\ade on those waters and the total values involved, beneficial and detrimental, economic and social, tangible and intangible..~

unknown authors

91

~~ The Fifth International Conference :r;~.j on Neural Information Processing0  

E-print Network

characteristics. In (2], a correlation coefficient matrix per every input data should be maintained and 200 expert networks are required for the partitioning. In (6], three types of matrix operations per every input data

92

(J6l01 rJ CtGf~ OP!" <..({o1I1~  

E-print Network

particelle nn. 36-39-88-40-45-50-51-95-ll6-ll7-141-143 ricadono in: "Zona C.P.R. di completamento ed in località Tor Lupara denominata Madonna deNe Rose. nella zona, FIlI. inserita nel CPRlI2. è localiZZllto un edificiopubblico deSlintllo a fun'Zioni universitarie; pertanto. in tale zona. contrariamente a guanto sopra

Di Pillo, Gianni

93

Western Nanofabrication Facility Richard O. Oviasuyi, Ph.D. candidate, supervisor: Prof. R.J. Klassen  

E-print Network

Western Nanofabrication Facility Richard O. Oviasuyi, Ph.D. candidate, supervisor: Prof. R components located in a nuclear reactor core experience high levels of neutron irradiation which cause of strain localization of the micro-pillars at the testing temperature of 25 °C increased with ion

Lennard, William N.

94

Preliminary statistical studies concerning the Campos RJ sugar cane area, using LANDSAT imagery and aerial photographs  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The two phase sampling technique was applied to estimate the area cultivated with sugar cane in an approximately 984 sq km pilot region of Campos. Correlation between existing aerial photography and LANDSAT data was used. The two phase sampling technique corresponded to 99.6% of the results obtained by aerial photography, taken as ground truth. This estimate has a standard deviation of 225 ha, which constitutes a coefficient of variation of 0.6%.

Parada, N. D. J. (principal investigator); Costa, S. R. X.; Paiao, L. B. F.; Mendonca, F. J.; Shimabukuro, Y. E.; Duarte, V.

1983-01-01

95

Hydrogeochemistry Of A Modern Dolomite-Forming Lagoon System, Cabo Frio-RJ, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two hypersaline, dolomite-forming lagoons near Cabo Frio, Brazil, and associated ground- and surface waters were sampled in a comparative sediment and fluid geochemical (solutes, stable isotopes) investigation. Although microbial mediation via sulfate reducers has been invoked to explain dolomite formation in these lagoons, we showed that dolomites are associated with sulfide oxidation (Moreira et al., 2004). Sulfide oxidation is thought to promote dolomite formation by causing undersaturation for competing carbonate phases such as Mg-calcite. Herein, we consider the larger hydrogeologic and temporal setting to further elucidate hydrogeochemical and geochemical constraints on rates and mechanisms of dolomite formation in the two lagoons. The lagoons, Brejo do Espinho (BE) and Lagoa Vermelha (LV), are shallow marginal marine systems flanked by quartz sand dunes separating them from Atlantic open seawater to the south and from Araruama lagoon, a large, hypersaline water body, to the north. In both lagoons, about 1 m of high Mg-calcite and dolomite mud has accumulated over the last 5,000 years on an underlying aquifer composed of highly permeable, quartz-rich coquinas. BE has a proximal relation to recharge from Araruama lagoon, while LV is more closely associated with meteoric recharge from lacustrine and riverine systems. BE is shallower, at 0.5 m water depth, than LV (2 m), permitting BE waters to remain oxic. Oxygen isotope values and chloride mass balances of pore waters and of fluids sampled from shallow ground water wells identify the different water and solute sources the lagoons. BE overlying brines and pore waters appear to be produced by evapoconcentration of Araruama source brines and meteoric precipitation. In contrast, LV derives from evapoconcentrated seawater mixed with regional lake and ground water sources. We envision a scenario in which dense, Mg-SO4-rich brines from Araruama migrate along a permeable flowpath in limited contact with the atmosphere. These fluids undergo progressive sulfate reduction, then are drawn up by capillary forces to the shallow BE lagoonal system, where sulfide is oxidized. Thus, the locus of dolomite formation at BE appears to occupy the interface between discharging sulfide-rich fluids and the thin layer of oxygen-rich overlying brine. In contrast, sulfide oxidation is not an important process in the LV lagoonal-sediment system. XRD profiles and sediment chemistry indicate that BE sediments indeed contain a significantly higher percentage dolomite than those of LV. Sr systematics support this conclusion and place the lagoonal dolomites in the context of carbonates throughout the rock record. The Sr contents of BE carbonates decrease markedly in the most dolomite-rich intervals, approaching a value of 800 ppm, the high end of expected values for dolomite (Land, 1980). LV carbonates fluctuate in Sr value from 2000-3000 ppm, values more typical of high Mg-calcite. Some precipitation of dolomite has occurred in both lagoons, however, reflected by increasing pore water Sr with depth as Mg-calcite is replaced by dolomite. Recent work documenting changes in the elemental compositions of the oceans, including Ca, Mg, CO3, and SO4, raises the potential for significant variation in marine saturation states for carbonate minerals and in carbon-sulfur cycling through time. Our model may provide clues to the relationship between marine elemental composition and varying rates of dolomitization over the geologic record.

Moreira, N. F.; Walter, L. M.

2004-12-01

96

On Improving the Classification of Myocardial Ischemia Using Holter ECG Data MW Zimmerman, RJ Povinelli  

E-print Network

or heart attack. In order to prevent myocardial infarction, the signs of ischemia must be quickly such a large decrease in the sensitivity. 1. Introduction Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. The most common type of heart disease is myocardial ischemia, which is caused

Povinelli, Richard J.

97

R.J. Ansell 26/10/2013 Referencing and the preferred referencing style in the  

E-print Network

, 312-345. or E. Cholocation, `How bats `see'', in Bat biology, ed. N. Batty, Oxford University Press of references as Bedfordshire Bat Group, Introducing Bedfordshire's bats [online], 2002 [Accessed 25.E. Batty, `Bats in Britain', in Bats of the World, Wiley and Sons, London UK, 3rd edn., 2004, Chapter 14

Haase, Markus

98

R.J. Ansell 31/01/2013 Referencing and the preferred referencing style in the  

E-print Network

, 312-345. or E. Cholocation, `How bats `see'', in Bat biology, ed. N. Batty, Oxford University Press of references as Bedfordshire Bat Group, Introducing Bedfordshire's bats [online], 2002 [Accessed 25.E. Batty, `Bats in Britain', in Bats of the World, Wiley and Sons, London UK, 3rd edn., 2004, Chapter 14

Haase, Markus

99

[Freshwater snails of the Campus of Manguinhos, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Rio de Janeiro, RJ].  

PubMed

A survey of freshwater gastropods of the Campus of Manguinhos, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, was carried out during the last two years aiming to compare the current species with those found at the beginning of this century. Among 18 breeding sites in 880,000m2 of the surveyed area, 13 showed the following species: Antillorbis nordestensis; Biomphalaria glabrata; Biomphalaria straminea; Lymnaea columella; Melanoides tuberculatus; Physa cubensis; Pomacea glauca and Pomacea lineata. Notably, Biomphalaria tenagophila reported by Lutz in 1918, had disappeared and B. straminea and the Asiatic thiarid M. tuberculatus had been introduced. No specimens infected with Schistosoma mansoni were found. PMID:11460215

Fernandez, M A; Thiengo, S C; Boaventura, M F

2001-01-01

100

Seasonal variation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons concentrations in urban streams at Niterói City, RJ, Brazil.  

PubMed

Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined in water samples collected in two streams and a lake located at Niteroi City, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil between October 2008 and September 2009. Samples were extracted using liquid-liquid extraction and analyzed using high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection. The limits of quantification were sufficiently low to accomplish PAH determination below the maximum concentration levels established by the Brazilian (50 ng/L) and USEPA legislations, with recoveries larger than 81.6%. Phenanthrene, fluoranthene, pyrene and benz[a]anthracene predominated among PAHs. Total concentrations of PAHs were well correlated with rainfall indicating a possible role of runoff to local pollution of water by PAHs and showed a seasonal variation in wet and dry seasons. Our results highlight the contribution of the widespread streams located around Guanabara Bay to the PAH burden found in its waters. PMID:23083927

Ribeiro, Angelo Morgado; da Rocha, Camila Coimbra Martins; Franco, Caroline Fernandes Jaegger; Fontana, Luiz Francisco; Pereira Netto, Annibal D

2012-12-01

101

Earlier age at menarche is associated with higher diabetes risk and cardiometabolic disease risk factors in Brazilian adults: Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)  

PubMed Central

Objectives Early menarche has been linked to higher risk of type 2 diabetes in Western and Asian societies, yet whether age at menarche is associated with diabetes in Latin America, where puberty and diabetes may have different life courses, is unknown. We tested the hypothesis that earlier menarche is associated with higher diabetes risk in Brazilian adults. Methods We used data from 8,075 women aged 35-74 years in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil) who had complete information on age at menarche, diabetes status, and covariates. Diabetes was defined based on self-reported physician diagnosis, medication use, and laboratory variables (fasting glucose, 2-hour glucose, and glycated hemoglobin). Poisson regression was used to generate risk ratios (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results Menarche onset < 11 years [vs. 13-14 years (referent)] was associated with higher risk of diabetes (RR = 1.34; 95% CI: 1.14-1.57) after adjusting for sociodemographic factors, maternal education, maternal and paternal diabetes, and birth weight. This persisted after further control for BMI at age 20 years and relative leg length. Additionally, among those not taking diabetes medications, earlier menarche [<11 years vs. 13-14 years (referent)] was associated with higher % glycated hemoglobin (p < 0.001), alanine aminotransferase (p < 0.001), triglycerides (p < 0.001), C-reactive protein (p = 0.003), waist circumference (p < 0.001), and BMI measured at baseline exam (p < 0.001). Conclusion These findings support the hypothesis that earlier menarche is associated with greater risk for adult diabetes and cardiometabolic disease in the Brazilian context. PMID:24438044

2014-01-01

102

Presentation of the Multimédia Game "Geolover" Concept, to Educational Enchancement of the Geolocical Heritage of the Following Regions: "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal (Portugal) and Açores (Portugal)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Geolover" - Presentation of the multimédia game concept, to educational enchancement of the geolocical heritage of the following regions: : "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal and Açores (Portugal). "Geolover" is a multitouch game, played by four players simultaneously, identified by 4 mascots and using as sceneries, the four regions landscapes, aimed to the young people with ages between 8 and 12 years old. The main objective is value the geological heritage of the Ilha do Fogo (Cabo Verde), Seridó in State of Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil) , Sabugal in Beira Alta province (Portugal) and Arquipélago dos Açores (Portuguese autonomous region). These regions have a great geological heritage like volcanology, plutonic rocks, sedimentar formations, metamorphic, paleontologic, mineralogic, geomorphologic, hydric and mining resources. Such heritage is being used in the different regions has base of studies to senior scientists and were used to great scientific researches. The diversified and distinguished cultural heritage of these four regions is referenced and it's a value to the union of the students from these three continents, with the Portuguese language as communication tool. The variety of the geological wealth and cultural of these regions, results in the common objective of their valuing like Geoparks. His creation on these three regions is a strategy with a great relevance to the socio-economic development. With the creation of this game, we promote the union of these 3 countries from these three continents, the universal values of the heritage richness that are offered by our planet.

Cabral, João; Gomes, Ana; Alfama, Vera; Oliveira, Sirlene; Pinharandas, Carlos; Fonseca, Pedro; Campos, José; Nobre, José

2013-04-01

103

Brasil: Festival de Londrina 1989  

E-print Network

trabajo, especialmente por la efectiva caracterización del elenco uruguayo, devolverla a su contexto original. Es indudable que el grupo, que cuenta en este momento con 60 miembros, se ha vigorizado con la entrada de una nueva generación que ha..., no obstante hace un pertinente llamado a la unidad y al entendimiento de los diferentes grupos étnicos que conforman al país. Un burro andino, un perro norteño, una gallina negra del sur y una gata de la selva se reúnen durante sus respectivos viajes hacia...

Rizk, Beatriz J.

1990-04-01

104

Amores de Abat-jour: A cena teatral brasileira e a escrita de mulheres nos anos vinte  

E-print Network

Semana (RJ) sob o pseudónimo de BF (Baby-Flirt), tendo publicado seu primeiro livro em 1918.4 Mulher ativa, colaborou em diversos jornais e revistas da época, tendo fundado a primeira coluna social do Brasil, "Coquetel." Foi membro de diversas... nesse período que, ao reivindicarem mais direitos para mulher (como o direito ao voto e a uma melhor educação), atrelavam essas reivindicações ao melhor desempenho de seu papel de mãe. Na peça, o amor materno é percebido como o elemento que transmuda...

Costa Bezerra, Ká tia da

2001-10-01

105

76 FR 36398 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. Investigation...corrosion, and exposed material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...

2011-06-22

106

76 FR 59011 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. Investigation...corrosion, and exposed material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...

2011-09-23

107

75 FR 27419 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...airworthiness, including the Maintenance Planning Document (MPD) and the Corrosion Prevention and Control Programme (CPCP...AD prevail over the Maintenance Review Board Report (MRBR), MPD, CPCP, and Supplemental Structural Inspection Document...

2010-05-17

108

75 FR 49377 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...parts that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores, bolts...parts that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores,...

2010-08-13

109

75 FR 12158 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...parts that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores, bolts...parts that are not original), inspecting to determine wing geometry measurements, and inspecting the wing link, bores,...

2010-03-15

110

P. Quaresma and R.-J. Back (Ed.); THedu'11 EPTCS ??, 2012, pp. 111, doi:10.4204/EPTCS.??.??  

E-print Network

, France The Isabelle/PIDE platform addresses the question whether proof assistants of the LCF family via the TTY (or minor variations like the well-known Proof General / Emacs interface). Thus and tacticals, the language ML, the logics themselves ­ are hard to learn, yet they are essential. We may demand

Wenzel, Makarius "Markus"

111

Enabling Technology for Distributed Multimedia Applications J.W. Wong, K.A. Lyons, D. Evans, R.J. Velthuys,  

E-print Network

Enabling Technology for Distributed Multimedia Applications J.W. Wong, K.A. Lyons, D. Evans, R the software technologies required to support the development of distributed multimedia applications. Our work of this major project is to provide the software technologies required for the development of distributed

Szafron, Duane

112

P. Levi, R.J. Ahlers, F. May, M. Schanz (Eds.), Mustererkennung 1998, Springer, Berlin, pp. 93--100, 1998.  

E-print Network

efficient PDE­based regularization methods with a watershed algorithm, a simple morphological tech­ nique for image segmentation. This leads to segmentation algorithms which can be generalized in a straightfor the watershed algorithm with region merging, and in Section 5 we illustrate the usefulness of the com­ bined

113

76 FR 6575 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...been approved by the aviation authority of another...AD. The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour...authority to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle I...transportation, Aircraft, Aviation safety, Incorporation...Later, as part of an accident investigation, the...

2011-02-07

114

75 FR 38953 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...Kingdom] Civil Aviation Authority under...part of a recent accident investigation...approved by the aviation authority of another...The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour...to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle...part of a recent accident...

2010-07-07

115

76 FR 31459 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority under...as part of an accident investigation...situation, [European Aviation Safety Agency...The average labor rate is $85 per work-hour...to issue rules on aviation safety. Subtitle...as part of an accident...

2011-06-01

116

71 FR 6681 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Model Avro 146-RJ...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...manufacturer which revealed that rapid decompression of the flight compartment with the...duct structure in the event of a rapid decompression, which could result in restriction...the manufacturer revealed that rapid decompression of the flight compartment with...

2006-02-09

117

71 FR 18199 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Model Avro 146-RJ...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...manufacturer that revealed that rapid decompression of the flight compartment with the...duct structure in the event of a rapid decompression, which could result in restriction...manufacturer which revealed that rapid decompression of the flight compartment with...

2006-04-11

118

75 FR 1560 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...related to the subject addressed by this AD), corrosion was found on the wing fixed leading edge structure...fatigue inspections would not have detected the corrosion or fatigue damage. Corrosion or fatigue damage in this area, if not...

2010-01-12

119

Habitat use by Oryzomys subflavus (Rodentia) in an open shrubland formation in Restinga de Jurubatiba National Park, RJ, Brazil.  

PubMed

The Restinga de Jurubatiba has at least 10 plant formations, including open Clusia shrubland. This formation is composed of dense shrubs of many shapes and sizes, where Clusia hilariana is one of the most important plant species. Shrublands with Clusia (CC) are poorer in plant species and less dense than shrublands without Clusia (SC). Oryzomys subflavus (Rodentia) is the most abundant small mammal species in the open Clusia shrubland. We tested the hypothesis that the abundance of rodents would increase with the size of the patch and would be higher in SC shrublands. Rodents were captured, marked and released in three 780-m-long transects. At each capture site, we evaluated the shape of the shrubland patch, calculated the area and noted the category of the shrubland. Using ANCOVA, we ascertained whether the abundance of Oryzomys subflavus increased with the sampled area and used CC and SC shrublands differently. We also verified if the size of patches used by rodents varies in the same frequency as the size of available shrublands. Rodent abundance was found to increase significantly with the area. There were no differences in the size of the patches used by rodents and the frequency of the size of available patches. This finding indicates that O. subflavus, in the study area, is a generalist species that uses its habitat according to availability. PMID:16532181

Bergallo, H G; Luz, J L; Raíces, D S; Hatano, F H; Martins-Hatano, F

2005-11-01

120

Degree of threat to the biological diversity in the Ilha Grande State Park (RJ) and guidelines for conservation.  

PubMed

The State Park of Ilha Grande is only a part (5,594 hectares) of the entire island (19,300 hectares) which is located off the south coast of Rio de Janeiro state, between the cities of Mangaratiba and Angra dos Reis. Approximately half of the Park area (47%) is covered by dense Atlantic forest. The secondary forest growth is in a process of ecological succession close to attaining maturity (43%) and the remaining part (10%) is composed of human-altered areas (1%), rocky outcrops with herbaceous vegetation (7%), mangroves and beaches (2%). The fauna is well represented but already shows signs of degradation with introduced species. The analysis of the degree of threat has shown that the dense forest habitat has a relatively stable status of conservation while the secondary forest, the mangrove and the herbaceous vegetation on rocky outcrops (and their fauna) are categorized as vulnerable. The area altered by human occupation is considered threatened. Since the coastal area where Ilha Grande is located is well known for its beautiful scenery (known as the green coast, because of the contrast between the ocean and the Atlantic forest covering the Serra do Mar mountain chain). There is a strong possibility for tourism to become the means in which to achieve economic sustainability for conservation. Contradictorily, tourism is also the major threat to local biodiversity and its landscape units. Because tourism is not organized and controlled, during high season the numbers grow above local capacity, giving rise to a proliferation of hotels, guesthouses and camping grounds. The resulting untreated open sewage, random garbage disposal and other harmful activities form the major threats to biodiversity. PMID:12530174

Alho, C J R; Schneider, M; Vasconcellos, L A

2002-08-01

121

75 FR 63045 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...from BAE Systems. You may...that air safety and the...rules on aviation safety...flight of civil aircraft...necessary for safety in air commerce...Aircraft, Aviation safety...2010-21-10 BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS...Office of Management and Budget...European Aviation Safety Agency Airworthiness...and BAE......

2010-10-14

122

75 FR 38058 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...European Aviation Safety Agency...by the [Civil Aviation Authority...wing. BAE Systems has now published...Office of Management and Budget...European Aviation Safety Agency Airworthiness...and BAE Systems...

2010-07-01

123

Book Chapter in Strategies for Cartilage Repair, Ed. RJ Williams, Pub. Humana Press CARTILAGE REPAIR WITH CHITOSAN/GLYCEROL-PHOSPHATE  

E-print Network

REPAIR WITH CHITOSAN/GLYCEROL-PHOSPHATE STABILISED BLOOD CLOTS Michael D. Buschmann1 , Caroline D, Quebec, Canada Keywords : Cartilage Repair, Chitosan, Microfracture, Osteoarthritis Address is a physiological solution of chitosan (a natural polysaccharide containing glucosamine residues) in a buffer

Buschmann, Michael

124

75 FR 18253 - R.J. Corman Railroad Property, LLC-Acquisition Exemption-NC Railroad, Inc.  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...at or near Oneida to milepost 42.0 at or near Devonia, in Scott, Campbell, and Anderson Counties, TN. This transaction is...stb.dot.gov. Decided: April 2, 2010. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Kulunie...

2010-04-09

125

Life Course Socioeconomic Position and C-Reactive Protein: Mediating Role of Health-Risk Behaviors and Metabolic Alterations. The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil)  

PubMed Central

Background Chronic inflammation has been postulated to be one mediating mechanism explaining the association between low socioeconomic position (SEP) and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We sought to examine the association between life course SEP and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in adulthood, and to evaluate the extent to which health-risk behaviors and metabolic alterations mediate this association. Additionally, we explored the possible modifying influence of gender. Methods and Findings Our analytical sample comprised 13,371 participants from ELSA-Brasil baseline, a multicenter prospective cohort study of civil servants. SEP during childhood, young adulthood, and adulthood were considered. The potential mediators between life course SEP and CRP included clusters of health-risk behaviors (smoking, low leisure time physical activity, excessive alcohol consumption), and metabolic alterations (obesity, hypertension, low HDL, hypertriglyceridemia, and diabetes). Linear regression models were performed and structural equation modeling was used to evaluate mediation. Although lower childhood SEP was associated with higher levels of CRP in adult life, this association was not independent of adulthood SEP. However, CRP increased linearly with increasing number of unfavorable social circumstances during the life course (p trend <0.001). The metabolic alterations were the most important mediator between cumulative SEP and CRP. This mediation path accounted for 49.5% of the total effect of cumulative SEP on CRP among women, but only 20.2% among men. In consequence, the portion of the total effect of cumulative SEP on CRP that was mediated by risk behaviors and metabolic alterations was higher among women (55.4%) than among men (36.8%). Conclusions Cumulative SEP across life span was associated with elevated systemic inflammation in adulthood. Although health-risk behaviors and metabolic alterations were important mediators of this association, a sizable fraction of this association was not mediated by these factors, suggesting that other pathways might play a role, especially among men. PMID:25309988

Camelo, Lidyane V.; Giatti, Luana; Neves, Jorge Alexandre Barbosa; Lotufo, Paulo A.; Benseñor, Isabela M.; Chor, Dóra; Griep, Rosane Härter; da Fonseca, Maria de Jesus Mendes; Vidigal, Pedro Guatimosim; Kawachi, Ichiro; Schmidt, Maria Inês; Barreto, Sandhi Maria

2014-01-01

126

39Matemtica Universitria Grothendieck no Brasil  

E-print Network

claro que seu artigo fundamental sobre produ- tos tensoriais e espaços nucleares foi o escolhido e esse Produits tensoriels topologiques et espaces nucléaires foi publicada em 1955 ([8], com errata em [9]) e é

Stein, William

127

Au Australia 307 Br Brasil 307  

E-print Network

.S the Republic of Korea = (South) Korea 307 Ma Malaysia 307 Ne Netherlands 307 No Norway 307 Os Osterreich Republic of 307 Germany(Reich=1945 E Hu Hungry 307 It Italy 307 Ju Jugoslavia 307 Ko Korea 307 Ko

Miyashita, Yasushi

128

Brazil = Brasil. America = Las Americas [Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades, this bilingual English/Spanish social studies resource booklet provides an encyclopedia-style overview of Brazil's history, geography, economy, and culture. Topics include Brazil's form of government; geographic regions; holidays; climate; people; music; carnaval celebration;…

Toro, Leonor; And Others

129

PATRIMONIO CULTURAL SUBACUÁTICO EN BRASIL: PENSAMIENTOS VARIOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper starts by discussing the main concepts relating to heritage. It then turns to underwater cultural heritage, particularly to the challenges of treasure hunting in Brazil. Underwater archaeology is considered as an archaeological endeavor, not an independent discipline, as a scholarly political activity, concerned with the menaces to underwater heritage.

Gilson Rambelli

130

Proceedings of the V Brazilian Conference on Neural Networks -V Congresso Brasileiro de Redes Neurais pp. 409414, April 25, 2001 -PUC, Rio de Janeiro -RJ -Brazil  

E-print Network

Proceedings of the V Brazilian Conference on Neural Networks - V Congresso Brasileiro de Redes comparação entre as redes neurais artificiais, uma metodologia emergente na área estatística, com duas outras regressão são apresentadas na seção 2. As redes neurais artificiais, na seção 3. Na seção 4, são

Cruz, Frederico

131

77 FR 1667 - Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909, Rio De Janeiro, R.J., Brazil 20531-070, Respondent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909...20531-070, Respondent; Order Relating to Nelson S. Galgoul The Bureau of Industry and...Commerce (``BIS''), has notified Nelson S. Galgoul (``Galgoul'') of...

2012-01-11

132

Testing the marine and continental fossil records M. J. Benton Department of Geology, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1RJ, United Kingdom  

E-print Network

Testing the marine and continental fossil records M. J. Benton Department of Geology, University The fossil record of continental vertebrates is as good as that of echinoderms at the family level, as shown and vertebrates are typical of their environments, the continental fossil record is not worse than the marine

Benton, Michael

133

A Multiplier-less CMA Adaptive Equaliser S.M. El-Eraki, J.C. Batchelor, P. Lee and R.J. Langley  

E-print Network

delay represents extra phase variations in the combined signal and the FM receiver demodulates them in reducing multipath in analogue FM reception. The filter has potential benefits in terms of convergence time Analogue FM transmissions to vehicles suffer from multipath effects. These are more difficult to eliminate

Haddadi, Hamed

134

P. Quaresma and R.-J. Back (Eds.); THedu'11 EPTCS 79, 2012, pp. 143153, doi:10.4204/EPTCS.79.9  

E-print Network

, France The Isabelle/PIDE platform addresses the question whether proof assistants of the LCF family via the TTY (or minor variations like the well-known Proof General / Emacs interface). Thus and tacticals, the language ML, the logics themselves ­ are hard to learn, yet they are essential. We may demand

Dougherty, Daniel J.

135

Accelerated EM-based clustering of large data sets Jakob J. Verbeek (j.j.verbeek@uva.nl) , Jan R.J. Nunnink  

E-print Network

Accelerated EM-based clustering of large data sets Jakob J. Verbeek (j.j.verbeek@uva.nl) , Jan R by the poor performance (linear complexity) of the EM algorithm in clustering large data sets, and inspired energy, kd-trees, large data sets. 1. Introduction Mixture models provide a rigorous framework

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

136

Nichols WJ Jr, Bartelt RJ, Coss AA, King BH. 2010. Methyl 6-methylsalicylate: a female-produced pheromone component of the parasitoid wasp Spalangia endius.  

E-print Network

-produced pheromone component of the parasitoid wasp Spalangia endius. Journal of Chemical Ecology 36-Produced Pheromone Component of the Parasitoid Wasp Spalangia endius (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) William J. Nichols-pheromone-related behavior and chemistry were studied in the wasp Spalangia endius Walker (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae

King, Bethia H.

137

DINAME 2013 -Proceedings of the XV International Symposium on Dynamic Problems of Mechanics M.A. Savi (Editor), ABCM, Buzios, RJ, Brazil, February 17-22, 2013  

E-print Network

of instabilities and are mainly focused on applied problems such as brake squeal noise. This paper shows a more such as squeaking of door hinges or brake squealing. In literature, a large number of works deal with this kind amplitude acoustic noise characterized by a large frequency spectrum, which is function of the surface

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

138

Prediction of wind speed profiles for short-term forecasting in the offshore environment R.J. Barthelmie and G. Giebel  

E-print Network

.J. Barthelmie and G. Giebel Wind Energy Department, Risø National Laboratory, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark Tel: +45 which impact the wind speeds predicted at the site (here the Middelgrunden wind farm). These effects together with stability variations impact the hub-height wind speed but both horizontal wind speed

139

6. Warren, J.E., Wise, R.J., and Warren, J.D. (2005). Sounds do-able: auditory-motor  

E-print Network

the test patch which followed seem to have fewer elements. The size of the effect is extraordinary. After make an estimate. In a study published recently in Current Biology, Burr and Ross [3] show our estimates are based on ``a primary visual property of the scene'' that can be radically modified by visual

Butterworth, Brian

140

Progress on "pico" air vehicles R.J. Wood, B. Finio, M. Karpelson, K. Ma, N.O. Perez-Arancibia, P.S. Sreetharan,  

E-print Network

of a flapping-wing robotic insect. These include a butterfly-like ornithopter from the University of Tokyo [1 ornithopters and RC helicopters on the scale of micro air vehicles such as the Silverlit `iBird' and the Wowwee

Wood, Robert

141

Use of GIS for the evaluation of heavy metal contamination in the Cunha Canal watershed and west of the Guanabara Bay, Rio de Janeiro, RJ.  

PubMed

The Cunha Canal watershed, which is located in the municipality of Rio de Janeiro, suffered severe environmental degradation in recent decades due to rapid urban population growth. However, this substantial growth did not result in social development; instead, it exacerbated existing environmental and social problems. This study aimed to evaluate the pollution of the Canal do Cunha and Guanabara Bay, using GIS for mapping based on the result of the heavy metal concentrations obtained by spectrometry (ICP-OES). The analyzed data were monitored at five collection points. Five heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Cu, Ni and Zn) were evaluated. The results showed that the waters of the Cunha Canal watershed and the west side of Guanabara Bay have been altered and degraded. The concentration of heavy metals in the water was lower than the concentration in the sediments. The behaviors of the studied metals differed during the rainy and dry periods. PMID:25455374

Borges, Renata Coura; Caldas, Vanessa Godoy; Filho, Francisco Fernando Lamego Simões; Ferreira, Marcos Manoel; Lapa, Celso Marcelo Franklin

2014-12-15

142

Publications from GCRC Protocols -2006 16573786 Fontana RJ, Sanyal AJ, Mehta S, Doherty MC, Neuschwander-Tetri BA, Everson GT, Kahn JA,  

E-print Network

ASPD blunts the effects of HIV and antiretroviral treatment on event-related brain potentials Targeted versus daily naltrexone: secondary analysis of effects on average daily drinking. Alcohol Clin Exp HR, Yang BZ, Gelernter J Variation at APOE and STH loci and Alzheimer's disease. Behav Brain Funct 2

Oliver, Douglas L.

143

B. Gabrys, R.J. Howlett, and L.C. Jain (Eds.): KES 2006, Part III, LNAI 4253, pp. 197 204, 2006. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2006  

E-print Network

information and password to users. When users are connected to the large screen, the system will provide (Personal Digital Assistant) are handy to carry. By utilizing wireless network such as WiFi and Bluetooth

Tanaka, Jiro

144

75 FR 18254 - R.J. Corman Railroad Company/Bardstown Line-Lease and Operation Exemption-R.J. Corman Railroad...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...at or near Oneida to milepost 42.0 at or near Devonia, in Scott, Campbell, and Anderson Counties, TN. This transaction is...stb.dot. gov. Decided: April 2, 2010. By the Board, Rachel D. Campbell, Director, Office of Proceedings. Kulunie...

2010-04-09

145

Dorsey, R.J., and Lenegan, R.J., 2007, Structural controls on middle Cretaceous sedimentation in the Toney Butte area of the Mitchell inlier, Ochoco basin, cen-tral Oregon, in Cloos, M., Carlson, W.D., Gilbert, M.C., Liou, J.G., and Sorensen, S.S., eds.,  

E-print Network

in the Toney Butte area of the Mitchell inlier, Ochoco basin, cen- tral Oregon, in Cloos, M., Carlson, W in the Toney Butte area of the Mitchell inlier, Ochoco basin, central Oregon Rebecca J. Dorsey Robert J Formation (submarine-fan conglomerate and sandstone). Previous and new mapping in the Toney Butte area

Dorsey, Becky

146

Ascomycetous yeast communities of marine invertebrates in a Southeast Brazilian mangrove ecosystem  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ascomycetous yeast communities associated with 3 bivalve mollusk, and 4 crab species were studied in the mangrove at Coroa Grande on Sepetiba Bay in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. These were made up mostly of diverse but sparse and apparently allochtonous yeast populations. The striking exception was a prevalent population of the speciesKluyveromyces aestuarii, which predominated the yeast communities of

F. V. Araujo; C. A. G. Soares; A. N. Hagler; L. C. Mendonça-Hagler

1995-01-01

147

How do cold water biota arrive in a tropical bay near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous ecological studies on foraminifera and ostracoda from the tropical Sepetiba Bay, located in the southern part of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, have noted the presence in this area of some cool water taxons typical of the Argentine continental platform. These studies have proposed that parcels of these temperate waters with their associated biological indicators are advected

Merritt R Stevenson; Dimas Dias-Brito; Jose L Stech; Milton Kampel

1998-01-01

148

Honeybee royal jelly and nobiletin stimulate CRE-mediated transcription in ERK-independent and -dependent fashions, respectively, in PC12D cells.  

PubMed

To prove the pharmacological actions of honeybee royal jelly (RJ) on the nervous system, we examined the effects of RJ on CRE-mediated transcription. RJ increased CRE-mediated transcription in PC12D cells. Moreover, CRE-mediated transcriptional activity by RJ was enhanced by nobiletin. U0126, a MEK inhibitor, inhibited CRE-mediated transcription by combining RJ plus nobiletin without affecting transcription by RJ alone. These results suggest that RJ stimulates CRE-mediated transcription via an ERK-independent cascade, whereas the increasing CRE-mediated transcriptional effect by nobiletin is dependent on ERK phosphorylation. Combining RJ plus nobiletin may activate effectively neuronal functions via enhancement of CRE-mediated transcription. PMID:21747212

Fujiwara, Hironori; Kogure, Ako; Sakamoto, Masahiro; Yamakuni, Tohru; Mimaki, Yoshihiro; Murata, Kiyoshi; Hitomi, Nobuyuki; Yamaguchi, Kikuji; Ohizumi, Yasushi

2011-01-01

149

Curriculum Studies in Brasil: A Study of the Teaching Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study analyzes how undergraduate university teachers are thinking in the classroom about the theoretical and practical contents related to the subject called "Curriculum Studies." The study focuses on the aspects of the theory-practice relationship, the idea of curriculum, and the theoretical references used by the undergraduate teachers. The…

Marcondes, Maria Ines; Tura, Maria de Lourdes Rangel; de Macedo, Elizabeth Fernandes

150

Situation Reports--Bahamas, Brasil, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in four foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahamas, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where appropriate and if it is available. General…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

151

Queda dos homicídios em São Paulo, Brasil: uma análise descritiva  

PubMed Central

Objetivo Descrever a evolução da mortalidade por homicídios no Município de São Paulo segundo tipo de arma, sexo, raça ou cor, idade e áreas de exclusão/inclusão social entre 1996 e 2008. Métodos Estudo ecológico de série temporal. Os dados sobre óbitos ocorridos no Município foram coletados da base de dados do Programa de Aprimoramento das Informações sobre Mortalidade, seguindo a Classificação Internacional de Doenças, Décima Revisão (CID-10). Foram calculadas as taxas de mortalidade por homicídio (TMH) para a população total, por sexo, raça ou cor, faixa etária, tipo de arma e área de exclusão/inclusão social. As TMH foram padronizadas por idade pelo método direto. Foram calculados os percentuais de variação no período estudado. Para as áreas de exclusão/inclusão social foram calculados os riscos relativos de morte por homicídio. Resultados As TMH apresentaram queda de 73,7% entre 2001 e 2008. Foi observada redução da TMH em todos os grupos analisados, mais pronunciada em homens (?74,5%), jovens de 15 a 24 anos (?78,0%) e moradores de áreas de exclusão social extrema (?79,3%). A redução ocorreu, sobretudo, nos homicídios cometidos com armas de fogo (?74,1%). O risco relativo de morte por homicídio nas áreas de exclusão extrema (tendo como referência áreas com algum grau de exclusão social) foi de 2,77 em 1996, 3,9 em 2001 e 2,13 em 2008. Nas áreas de alta exclusão social, o risco relativo foi de 2,07 em 1996 e 1,96 em 2008. Conclusões Para compreender a redução dos homicídios no Município, é importante considerar macrodeterminantes que atingem todo o Município e todos os subgrupos populacionais e microdeterminantes que atuam localmente, influenciando de forma diferenciada os homicídios com armas de fogo e os homicídios na população jovem, no sexo masculino e em residentes em áreas de alta exclusão social. PMID:21390415

Peres, Maria Fernanda Tourinho; Vicentin, Diego; Nery, Marcelo Batista; de Lima, Renato Sérgio; de Souza, Edinilsa Ramos; Cerda, Magdalena; Cardia, Nancy; Adorno, e Sérgio

2012-01-01

152

O TURISMO E SUAS POTENCIALIDADES EM ROSANA, SP - BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The city of Rosana is located in the extreme west of Sao Paulo State, bordering the States of Mato Grosso do Sul and Parana, which are limited by the rivers Parana and Paranapanema, respectively. It makes this Brazilian location a strategic place, because of its geographical, economic and demographic characteristics. The aim of the present article is to analyze the

Raquel Marrafon Nicolosi; Júlio de Mesquita Filho; Edson Luís Piroli; Rosângela Custodio; Cortez Thomaz; Pesquisadora CNPq

153

The mineral economy of Brazil--Economia mineral do Brasil  

USGS Publications Warehouse

This study depicts the Brazilian government structure, mineral legislation and investment policy, taxation, foreign investment policies, environmental laws and regulations, and conditions in which the mineral industry operates. The report underlines Brazil's large and diversified mineral endowment. A total of 37 mineral commodities, or groups of closely related commodities, is discussed. An overview of the geologic setting of the major mineral deposits is presented. This report is presented in English and Portuguese in pdf format.

Gurmendi, Alfredo C.; Barboza, Frederico Lopes; Thorman, Charles H.

1999-01-01

154

Psicologia organizacional e do trabalho no Brasil: desenvolvimento científico contemporâneo  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is a survey about Work and Organizational Psychology (WOP) of articles published from 2001 to 2005 in the following Brazilian journals: Estudos de Psicologia, Psicologia e Sociedade, Psicologia em Estudo, Psicologia: Reflexão e Crítica, Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa, Psicologia USP , and Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho. The analysis examined the number of papers, themes, methodology, references, professional education

Aline Maria Tonetto; Mayte Raya Amazarray; Sílvia Helena Koller; William Barbosa Gomes

2008-01-01

155

TV digital no Brasil e no mundo: estado da arte  

Microsoft Academic Search

A televisão digital é um sistema de radiodifusão televisiva que transmite sinais digitais em lugar dos analógicos. Mais eficiente no que diz respeito à recepção dos sinais, a transmissão digital apresenta uma série de inovações sob o ponto de vista estético, como a possibilidade de ter-se uma imagem mais larga que a atual e com um maior grau de resolução,

César Bolaño; Vinícius Rodrigues Vieira

156

Constraining depth of anisotropy in the Amazon region (Northern Brasil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Seismic data recorded between November 2009 and September 2013, at the permanent station PTGA of the Brazilian seismic network were used to constrain the depth of anisotropy in the lithosphere beneath the station. 90 receiver functions (RF) have been computed, covering the backazimuthal directions from 0° to 180°. Both radial (R) and transverse (T) components of the RF contain useful information about the subsurface structure. The isotropic part of the seismic velocity profile at depth mainly affects the R-RF component, while anisotropy and dipping structures produce P-to-S conversion recorded on the T-RF component (Levin and Park, 1998; Savage, 1998). The incoming (radially polarized) S waves, when passing through an anisotropic crust, splits and part of it is projected onto the transverse component. The anisotropy symmetry orientations (?) can be estimated by the polarity change of the observed phases. The arrival times of the phases is related to the depth of the conversion. Depth and ? are estimated by isolating phases at certain arrival times. SKS shear-wave splitting results from previous studies in this area (Krüger et al., 2002, Rosa et al., 2014), suggest the presence of anisotropy in the mantle with orientation of the fast splitting axis (about E-W) following major deep tectonic structures. The observed splitting orientation correlates well with the current South America plate motion (i.e. relative to mesosphere), and with observed aeromagnetic trends. This similarity leaves open the possibility of a linkage between the upper mantle fabric imaged by shear wave splitting analysis and the lower crustal structure imaged by aeromagnetometry. In this study we unravel, from RF data, two layers in which anisotropy concentrates, i.e. the lower crust and the upper mantle. Lower crustal and upper mantle anisotropy retrieved by RFs give some new hints in order to interpret the previously observed anisotropic orientations from SKS and the aeromagnetic anomalies.

Bianchi, Irene; Willy Corrêa Rosa, João; Bokelmann, Götz

2014-05-01

157

Evolução da regulamentação da mídia eletrônica no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

comunicação eletrônica e de massa como hoje a conhecemos por meio do rádio, da televisão, dos telefones, da internet ou de qualquer conver- gência tecnológica está prestes a passar por mais uma mudança estrutural: da transmissão analógica para a transmissão digital. Essa mudança vai possibi- litar inúmeras - e ainda não totalmente conhecidas - formas de interligação desses meios. Tal

Edgard Rebouças; Mariana Martins

2007-01-01

158

tAble of Contents This document is a report summarizing the  

E-print Network

of the R.J. Dunlap Marine Conservation Program (RJD) is to advance STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering summarizing the achievements and progress of the R.J. Dunlap Marine Conservation Program at the University of Miami in 2011. The RJ Dunlap Marine Conservation Program (RJD) is a joint initiative of the Rosenstiel

Miami, University of

159

Effects of long-term administration of royal jelly on pituitary weight and gene expression in middle-aged female rats.  

PubMed

To determine the effects of ingested royal jelly (RJ) on the pituitary in middle-aged female rats, we performed a long-term RJ administration test. Several animals showed age-related increases in pituitary weight, and RJ administration compensated for the increase. RJ tended to down-regulate prolactin mRNA and up-regulated thyroid-stimulating hormone beta mRNA in the pituitary. This suggests that RJ compensates for age-associated decline in pituitary functions. PMID:19202272

Narita, Yukio; Ohta, Shozo; Suzuki, Kazu-Michi; Nemoto, Tomoko; Abe, Keiko; Mishima, Satoshi

2009-02-01

160

High Power Testing of a 17 GHz Photocathode RF Gun S.C. Chen, B.G. Danly, J. Gonichon, C.L. Lin, R.J. Temkin, S.R. Trotz, J.S. Wurtele,  

E-print Network

High Power Testing of a 17 GHz Photocathode RF Gun S.C. Chen, B.G. Danly, J. Gonichon, C.L. Lin, R photocathode gun. The 11 2 cell, -mode, copper cavity was tested with 5-10 MW, 100 ns, 17.145 GHz pulses from without breakdown, a compact system, and high brightness. While existing RF guns operate from 144 M Hz

Wurtele, Jonathan

161

Please cite this article in press as: R.J. Monnat Jr, From broken to old: DNA damage, IGF1 endocrine suppression and aging, Dna Repair (2007), doi:10.1016/j.dnarep.2007.03.018  

E-print Network

- naling. This endocrine signaling system is a deeply conserved, key regulator of metabolism and longevity endocrine suppression and aging, Dna Repair (2007), doi:10.1016/j.dnarep.2007.03.018 ARTICLE IN PRESSDNAREP endocrine suppression and aging Raymond J. Monnat Jr a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Received 16

Monnat, Ray

162

A. Burns, A. Kusiak, and T. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge-Based Intelligent Information and Engineering Systems, M.Gh. Negoita, R.J.  

E-print Network

A. Burns, A. Kusiak, and T. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th, Vol. I, Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, 2004, pp. 148-154. 148 Mi ni ng Transformed Data Sets Alex. Letsche, Mining Transformed Data Sets, Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Knowledge

Kusiak, Andrew

163

The use of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate and Albumin Creatinine Ratio to predict decline in renal function in people with Diabetes Hoefield. RA, Baker. PG, Kalra. PA, Buchan.IE, Gibson. JM, Sousa. I, Diggle. PJ, Middleton. RJ, New. JP  

E-print Network

in renal function in people with Diabetes ¹Hoefield. RA, ²Baker. PG, ¹Kalra. PA, ²Buchan.IE, ¹Gibson. JM with diabetes and macroalbuminuria have an estimated 13.75x more rapid decline in renal function than those with normoalbuminuria . This study provides robust estimates of progression of CKD in a large diabetic population

Diggle, Peter J.

164

Microalbuminuria and Reduced Glomerular Filtration Rate are independent factors for mortality in people with Diabetes Mellitus Hoefield. RA, Baker. PG, Kalra. PA, Buchan.IE, Gibson. JM, Sousa. I, Diggle. PJ, Middleton. RJ, New. JP  

E-print Network

in people with Diabetes Mellitus ¹Hoefield. RA, ²Baker. PG, ¹Kalra. PA, ²Buchan.IE, ¹Gibson. JM, ³Sousa. I METHODS There is a paucity of population based studies in the diabetic population concerning with diabetes according to their eGFR and presence of albuminuria. AIMS OF THE STUDY ·These data demonstrate e

Diggle, Peter J.

165

Proceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Dynamic Problems of Mechanics (DINAME 2009), Almeida, C. A. (Editor), ABCM, Angra dos Reis, RJ , Brazil, March 2nd -March 6th, 2009  

E-print Network

of the problem. Keywords: nonlinear dynamics, stochastic dynamics, fluid-structure interaction, bit-rock conv = convergence function D = diameter, [m] E = Young Modulus, [Pa] f = force vector G = shearProceedings of the XIII International Symposium on Dynamic Problems of Mechanics (DINAME 2009

Boyer, Edmond

166

2006/3/13 IVIGIVIG --Instituto Virtual Internacional de MudanInstituto Virtual Internacional de Mudanas Globaisas Globais Centro de Tecnologia, Bloco I, Sala 129 CEP: 21945-970 Rio de Janeiro RJ  

E-print Network

SOLID WASTESMUNICIPAL SOLID WASTES HUMID ORGANIC FRACTION FOOD WASTE. DRY ORGANIC FRACTION PAPER, WOOD/TON FOOD WASTE 1.400 KCAL/KG 1.63 MWH/TON 30% CONVERTED TO ELECTRICITY 1 TON PLASTIC = R$ 593,00 ELECTRICITY 1 TON PAPER = R$ 237,00 ELECTRICITY 1 TON FOOD WASTE = R$ 83,00 ELECTRICITY #12;2006/3/13 IVIGIVIG

Columbia University

167

Calcium Aluminates: Proceedings of International Conference, Avignon, 18 21 May 2014. Fentiman CH, Mangabhai RJ and Scrivener KL (Editors). IHS BRE Press, 2014, EP104. ISBN 978-1-84806-316-7.  

E-print Network

Calcium Aluminates: Proceedings of International Conference, Avignon, 18 ­21 May 2014. Fentiman CH: algae, biofouling, calcium aluminate cement, carbonation, Klebsormidium flaccidum, mortar, Portland such as paints and hal-01053366,version1-4Sep2014 Author manuscript, published in "Calcium Aluminates Proceedings

168

A.W.D., Larkum, R.J. Orth, C.M. Duarte (eds.), 2006, Seagrasses: Biology, Ecology and Conservation, Springer, ISBN: 978-1-4020-2942-4 (hardback), US$ 99.00, 691 pages.  

SciTech Connect

The relish of scientists for, and funding of research on, seagrasses probably stems from two sources: seagrasses are a defined taxonomic unit often growing in monotypic stands, making academic study tractable; and, seagrasses are increasingly recognized globally as important components of shallow water systems, and potential key indicators of ecosystem health. The 26 chapters covering ~700 pages provide a long overdue treatment of the state of the science on seagrasses. This book is an honest, thorough and heroic attempt to compile a mass of knowledge by a herd of 80 researcher “cats” representing 15 countries. The chapters “…provide the necessary background on what brought each topic where it is today and indicate where future research needs to go to advance the field to the next level.” Seagrass science is in its infancy, but, as demonstrated, is advancing rapidly. Volumes with recent topical treatments of seagrasses include World Atlas of Seagrasses (Green and Short 2003), Seagrass Ecology (Hemminga and Duarte 2000), and Global Seagrass Research Methods (Short and Coles 2001) are useful compliments to this book.

Thom, Ronald M.

2008-01-01

169

978-1-4244-7467-7/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE 2010 IREP Symposium-Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control VIII (IREP), August 1-6, 2010, Buzios, RJ, Brazil  

E-print Network

978-1-4244-7467-7/10/$26.00 ©2010 IEEE 2010 IREP Symposium- Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control] and in numerous follow-up papers. However, FGRs, are rarely used in today's markets since energy traders prefer by the various independent system operators. Flow based transmission rights (financial or physical) have been

Oren, Shmuel S.

170

Review of structural health and cure monitoring techniques for large wind turbine P.J. Schubel*, R.J. Crossley, E.K.G. Boateng, J.R. Hutchinson  

E-print Network

body's nervous system (Fig. 1), with sensors analogous to nerve endings able to detect damage or pain, primarily used in civil and aerospace applica- tions [1]. Smart materials with SHM are likened to the human to a human operator who is then trained to take the necessary action. Any feedback is generally limited

McCalley, James D.

171

Lifespan-Extending Effects of Royal Jelly and Its Related Substances on the Nematode Caenorhabditis elegans  

PubMed Central

Background One of the most important challenges in the study of aging is to discover compounds with longevity-promoting activities and to unravel their underlying mechanisms. Royal jelly (RJ) has been reported to possess diverse beneficial properties. Furthermore, protease-treated RJ (pRJ) has additional pharmacological activities. Exactly how RJ and pRJ exert these effects and which of their components are responsible for these effects are largely unknown. The evolutionarily conserved mechanisms that control longevity have been indicated. The purpose of the present study was to determine whether RJ and its related substances exert a lifespan-extending function in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and to gain insights into the active agents in RJ and their mechanism of action. Principal Findings We found that both RJ and pRJ extended the lifespan of C. elegans. The lifespan-extending activity of pRJ was enhanced by Octadecyl-silica column chromatography (pRJ-Fraction 5). pRJ-Fr.5 increased the animals' lifespan in part by acting through the FOXO transcription factor DAF-16, the activation of which is known to promote longevity in C. elegans by reducing insulin/IGF-1 signaling (IIS). pRJ-Fr.5 reduced the expression of ins-9, one of the insulin-like peptide genes. Moreover, pRJ-Fr.5 and reduced IIS shared some common features in terms of their effects on gene expression, such as the up-regulation of dod-3 and the down-regulation of dod-19, dao-4 and fkb-4. 10-Hydroxy-2-decenoic acid (10-HDA), which was present at high concentrations in pRJ-Fr.5, increased lifespan independently of DAF-16 activity. Conclusions/Significance These results demonstrate that RJ and its related substances extend lifespan in C. elegans, suggesting that RJ may contain longevity-promoting factors. Further analysis and characterization of the lifespan-extending agents in RJ and pRJ may broaden our understanding of the gene network involved in longevity regulation in diverse species and may lead to the development of nutraceutical interventions in the aging process. PMID:21858156

Honda, Yoko; Fujita, Yasunori; Maruyama, Hiroe; Araki, Yoko; Ichihara, Kenji; Sato, Akira; Kojima, Toshio; Tanaka, Masashi; Nozawa, Yoshinori; Ito, Masafumi; Honda, Shuji

2011-01-01

172

Microsatellite data reveal fine genetic structure in male Guiana dolphins ( Sotalia guianesis) in two geographically close embayments at south-eastern coast of Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A large macrogeographic differentiation has been observed among Sotalia guianensis populations along the South American coast. However, no genetic structure has been detected so far in closely distributed\\u000a populations of this species, even though it has been observed in other cetaceans. Here, we examined the fine scale population\\u000a structure for the largest populations of S. guianensis inhabiting Sepetiba and Paraty

Claudia Hollatz; Leonardo Flach; C. Scott Baker; Fabrício R. Santos

2011-01-01

173

How do cold water biota arrive in a tropical bay near Rio de Janeiro, Brazil?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Previous ecological studies on foraminifera and ostracoda from the tropical Sepetiba Bay, located in the southern part of the State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, have noted the presence in this area of some cool water taxons typical of the Argentine continental platform. These studies have proposed that parcels of these temperate waters with their associated biological indicators are advected northward along the platform, penetrating into some tropical entrances of the southeast coast of Brazil. In the present study, ecological data (foraminifera, ostracoda and microbivalves), are used together with information obtained by satellite tracked drifting buoys and digital thermal imagery obtained from NOAA satellites to indicate the path taken by these high latitude species along the southern Brazilian coast to arrive in the Sepetiba Bay, near the city of Rio de Janeiro. Our general conclusion is that biotic elements native to the colder, less saline marine waters seen to the south of Brazil have been and are being advected northward along the inner part of the continental platform to about 22°S. Water parcels containing this biota may, in a sporadic fashion, enter into the tropical Sepetiba Bay. The passage of meteorological fronts through the region is considered to be an important if not the principal mechanism for the sporadic entry of the cool water into the Southern Coastal Entrance of the State of Rio de Janeiro.

Stevenson, Merritt R.; Dias-Brito, Dimas; Stech, Jose L.; Kampel, Milton

1998-11-01

174

In-depth phosphoproteomic analysis of royal jelly derived from Western and eastern honeybee species.  

PubMed

The proteins in royal jelly (RJ) play a pivotal role in the nutrition, immune defense, and cast determination of honeybee larvae and have a wide range of pharmacological and health-promoting functions for humans as well. Although the importance of post-translational modifications (PTMs) in protein function is known, investigation of protein phosphorylation of RJ proteins is still very limited. To this end, two complementary phosphopeptide enrichment materials (Ti(4+)-IMAC and TiO2) and high-sensitivity mass spectrometry were applied to establish a detailed phosphoproteome map and to qualitatively and quantitatively compare the phosphoproteomes of RJ produced by Apis mellifera ligustica (Aml) and Apis cerana cerana (Acc). In total, 16 phosphoproteins carrying 67 phosphorylation sites were identified in RJ derived from western bees, and nine proteins phosphorylated on 71 sites were found in RJ produced by eastern honeybees. Of which, eight phosphorylated proteins were common to both RJ samples, and the same motif ([S-x-E]) was extracted, suggesting that the function of major RJ proteins as nutrients and immune agents is evolutionary preserved in both of these honeybee species. All eight overlapping phosphoproteins showed significantly higher abundance in Acc-RJ than in Aml-RJ, and the phosphorylation of Jelleine-II (an antimicrobial peptide, TPFKLSLHL) at S(6) in Acc-RJ had stronger antimicrobial properties than that at T(1) in Aml-RJ even though the overall antimicrobial activity of Jelleine-II was found to decrease after phosphorylation. The differences in phosphosites, peptide abundance, and antimicrobial activity of the phosphorylated RJ proteins indicate that the two major honeybee species employ distinct phosphorylation strategies that align with their different biological characteristics shaped by evolution. The phosphorylation of RJ proteins are potentially driven by the activity of extracellular serine/threonine protein kinase FAM20C-like protein (FAM20C-like) through the [S-x-E] motif, which is supported by evidence that mRNA and protein expression of FAM20C-like protein kinase are both found in the highest level in the hypopharyngeal gland of nurse bees. Our data represent the first comprehensive RJ phosphorylation atlas, recording patterns of phosphorylated RJ protein abundance and antibacterial activity of some RJ proteins in two major managed honeybee species. These data constitute a firm basis for future research to better understand the biological roles of each RJ protein for honeybee biology and human health care. PMID:25265229

Han, Bin; Fang, Yu; Feng, Mao; Lu, Xiaoshan; Huo, Xinmei; Meng, Lifeng; Wu, Bin; Li, Jianke

2014-12-01

175

Comprehensive identification of novel proteins and N-glycosylation sites in royal jelly  

PubMed Central

Background Royal jelly (RJ) is a proteinaceous secretion produced from the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of nurse bees. It plays vital roles in honeybee biology and in the improvement of human health. However, some proteins remain unknown in RJ, and mapping N-glycosylation modification sites on RJ proteins demands further investigation. We used two different liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry techniques, complementary N-glycopeptide enrichment strategies, and bioinformatic approaches to gain a better understanding of novel and glycosylated proteins in RJ. Results A total of 25 N-glycosylated proteins, carrying 53 N-glycosylation sites, were identified in RJ proteins, of which 42 N-linked glycosylation sites were mapped as novel on RJ proteins. Most of the glycosylated proteins were related to metabolic activities and health improvement. The 13 newly identified proteins were also mainly associated with metabolic processes and health improvement activities. Conclusion Our in-depth, large-scale mapping of novel glycosylation sites represents a crucial step toward systematically revealing the functionality of N-glycosylated RJ proteins, and is potentially useful for producing a protein with desirable pharmacokinetic and biological activity using a genetic engineering approach. The newly-identified proteins significantly extend the proteome coverage of RJ. These findings contribute vital and new knowledge to our understanding of the innate biochemical nature of RJ at both the proteome and glycoproteome levels. PMID:24529077

2014-01-01

176

Royal jelly protects from taxol-induced testicular damages via improvement of antioxidant status and up-regulation of E2f1.  

PubMed

This study was carried out to evaluate the protective effects of royal jelly (RJ) on taxol (TXL)-induced damage of the testis. Wistar rats were divided into control and test groups. The test group was divided into five subgroups; the first four groups along with TXL administration (7.5?mg/kg body weight (bw), weekly), received various doses of RJ (0, 50, 100, and 150?mg/kg bw). The last group received only RJ at 100?mg/kg. Royal jelly lowered the TXL-induced malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels and enhanced the total thiol molecules in the testis. Remarkably RJ reduced the TXL-induced pathological injuries such as cellular shrinkage and seminiferous tubule depletion. Taxol-reduced sperm viability (27.5?±?2.98 % vs. 85.0?±?8.6% in the control group) was recovered by RJ administration as 80.5?±?10.6% of the sperm were found alive in the group of animals which received 150?mg/kg RJ. The TXL-exposed and TXL plus RJ-administered animals showed a significant up-regulation of transcription factor E2f1 mRNA. Our data suggest that the TXL-induced histopathological and biochemical alterations could be protected by the administration of RJ. The RJ protective effects might be attributed to its antioxidant capacity and its capability in the regulation of E2f1 expression. PMID:24377747

Delkhoshe-Kasmaie, Fatemeh; Malekinejad, Hassan; Khoramjouy, Mona; Rezaei-Golmisheh, Ali; Janbaze-Acyabar, Hamed

2014-04-01

177

Selective inhibitory control and the basal ganglia  

E-print Network

RH"(1997)"CAG"repeat" number"governs"the"development"rate"of"pathology"in"Huntington's"disease."RH,#Stevens#TJ,#Ferrante#RJ,#Bird#ED,#Richardson#EP,#Jr. #(1985)# Neuropathological#classification#of#Huntington's#disease. #RH,#Stevens#TJ,#Ferrante#RJ,#Bird#ED,#Richardson#EP,#Jr. #(1985)# Neuropathological#classification#of#Huntington's#disease. #

Majid, Dewan-Syed Adnan

178

A functional role of mammalian adult hippocampal neurogenesis in the normal and diseased brain  

E-print Network

ME, Myers RH: Reduced penetrance of the Huntington's diseaseRH, Stevens TJ, Ferrante RJ, Bird ED, Richardson EP, Jr. : Neuropathological classification of Huntington's disease.RH, Stevens TJ, Ferrante RJ, Bird ED, Richardson EP, Jr. : Neuropathological classification of Huntington's disease.

Clelland, Claire Dudley

2009-01-01

179

ENCODING OF TEMPORAL FEATURES OF AUDITORY STIMULI IN THE MEDIAL NUCLEUS OF THE TRAPEZOID BODY AND SUPERIOR  

E-print Network

AND SUPERIOR PARAOLIVARY NUCLEUS OF THE RAT A. KADNER AND A. S. BERREBI* Departments of Otolaryngology offset spikes [Kadner A, Kulesza RJ Jr, Berrebi AS (2006) Neurons in the medial nucleus of the trapezoid Neurophysiol. 95:1499­1508; Kulesza RJ Jr, Kadner A, Berrebi AS (2007) Distinct roles for glycine and GABA

180

The Triangle Closure is a Polyhedron  

E-print Network

Nov 7, 2011 ... form ?0 ? ? · x ? ?0 + 1 for some ? ? Zm and ?0 ? Z. A famous ..... sets, one can show that ? is actually the blocking polyhedron of the integer hull. .... particular, this means that if rj is a corner ray of M(B), then rj must also be ...

2011-11-07

181

MASTER OF PHILOSOPHY, Modelling of Materials Friday 27th April 2001 9 12  

E-print Network

) external field + i j U2(ri, rj) pair term + i j k U3(ri, rj, rk) 3­body term + . . . Axilrod with time is ap- parent from the diagram below. Since in this case solute is be- ing extracted from­linear re- lationship. Fig. 1: (a) Three different hyperbolic tangent functions;

Cambridge, University of

182

Discipline with Dignity: Oakland Classrooms Try Healing Instead of Punishment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Nelson Mandela's adage, "I destroy my enemies when I make them my friends" captures the profoundly inclusive nature of restorative justice (RJ). The hallmark of RJ is intentionally bringing together people with seemingly diametrically opposed viewpoints--particularly people who have harmed with people who have been harmed--in a…

Davis, Fania

2014-01-01

183

The Cytochrome P450 Enzyme CYP96A15 Is the Midchain Alkane Hydroxylase Responsible for Formation of  

E-print Network

.B., X.W., L.S., L.K., R.J.) and Department of Chemistry (M.W., R.J.), University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1 Most aerial surfaces of plants are covered by cuticular wax with microbes (Carver and Gurr, 2006; Leveau, 2006) as well as insects (Eigenbrode and Espelie, 1995; Mu

Kunst, Ljerka

184

Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping Partial correlation mapping of cognitive measure and cortical thickness in autism  

E-print Network

measure. References: [1] Chung, M.K., Robbins,S., Dalton, K.M., Davidson, R.J., Alexander, A.L., Evans, A, M.K., Dalton, K.M., Alexander, A.L., Davidson, R.J. 2004. Less white matter concentration in autism C Evans4 , Richard J Davidson3 1 Department of Statistics, University of Wisconsin-Madison 2

Chung, Moo K.

185

LITERATURE CITED Bergerud, A., H. Butler, and D. Miller. 1984. Antipredator  

E-print Network

of 1000 as "Must Read" Safran, R.J., K.M. Pilz, K.J. McGraw, S. Correa, H. Schwabl. Maternal Deposition. Behavioral Ecology 15: 455-461. McGraw, K.J., R.J. Safran, M.R. Evans, and K. Wakamatsu. 2004. European barn

Holt, Robert D.

186

C U R R I C U L U M V I T A E Dr. Rebecca Jo Safran  

E-print Network

" Safran, R.J., K.M. Pilz, K.J. McGraw, S. Correa, H. Schwabl. Maternal Deposition of Egg-Yolk Androgens. Behavioral Ecology 15: 455-461. McGraw, K.J., R.J. Safran, M.R. Evans, and K. Wakamatsu. 2004. European barn

Safran, Rebecca

187

xylosidase activities were found in the crude membrane fraction. Less than 30%  

E-print Network

, Wallace RJ, Flint HJ (1997) Int JSyst Bacteriol 47, 284-2888 2. Gasparic A, Marinšek Logar R, Martin J, Wallace RJ, Nekrep, FV, Flint, HJ (1995) FEMSMicrobiol Lett 125, 135-142 3. Gasparic A, Martin J, Daniel A, Flint HJ (1995) Appl Environ Microbiol 61, 2958-2964 4. Flint HJ, Whitehead TR, Martin

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

188

A new Polyrhachis (Myrma) vestita-group species from Sulawesi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae)  

E-print Network

A new Polyrhachis (Myrma) vestita-group species from Sulawesi (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) R.J. Kohout Kohout, R.J. A new Polyrhachis (Myrma) vestita-group species from Sulawesi (Hymenoptera-group; new species; new records; Sulawesi. Polyrhachis vanachterbergi, a new species in the recently

Villemant, Claire

189

Royal Jelly Prevents Osteoporosis in Rats: Beneficial Effects in Ovariectomy Model and in Bone Tissue Culture Model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Royal jelly (RJ) has been used worldwide for many years as medical products, health foods and cosmet- ics. Since RJ contains testosterone and has steroid hormone-type activities, we hypothesized that it may have beneficial effects on osteoporosis. We used both an ovariectomized rat model and a tissue culture model. Rats were divided into eight groups as follows: sham-operated (Sham), ovariectomized

Saburo Hidaka; Yoshizo Okamoto; Satoshi Uchiyama; Akira Nakatsuma; Ken Hashimoto; S. Tsuyoshi Ohnishi; Masayoshi Yamaguchi

2006-01-01

190

Royal jelly enhances migration of human dermal fibroblasts and alters the levels of cholesterol and sphinganine in an in vitro wound healing model  

PubMed Central

Oral administration of royal jelly (RJ) promotes wound healing in diabetic mice. Concerns have arisen regarding the efficacy of RJ on the wound healing process of normal skin cells. In this study, a wound was created by scratching normal human dermal fibroblasts, one of the major cells involved in the wound healing process. The area was promptly treated with RJ at varying concentrations of 0.1, 1.0, or 5 mg/ml for up to 48 hrs and migration was analyzed by evaluating closure of the wound margins. Furthermore, altered levels of lipids, which were recently reported to participate in the wound healing process, were analyzed by HPTLC and HPLC. Migration of fibroblasts peaked at 24 hrs after wounding. RJ treatment significantly accelerated the migration of fibroblasts in a dose-dependent manner at 8 hrs. Although RJ also accelerated the migration of fibroblasts at both 20 hrs and 24 hrs after wounding, the efficacy was less potent than at 8 hrs. Among various lipid classes within fibroblasts, the level of cholesterol was significantly decreased at 8 hrs following administration of both 0.1 ug/ml and 5 mg/ml RJ. Despite a dose-dependent increase in sphinganines, the levels of sphingosines, ceramides, and glucosylceramides were not altered with any concentration of RJ. We demonstrated that RJ enhances the migration of fibroblasts and alters the levels of various lipids involved in the wound healing process. PMID:21103081

Kim, Juyoung; Kim, Youngae; Yun, Hyejeong; Park, Hyemin; Kim, Sun Yeou; Lee, Kwang-Gill; Han, Sang-Mi

2010-01-01

191

Osteoinductive and anti-inflammatory effect of royal jelly on periodontal ligament cells.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) has been reported to possess several physiological and pharmacological properties such as the ability to prevent osteoporosis in rats and anti-inflammatory effects. We hypothesized that RJ could have beneficial effects on the prevention or treatment of periodontal diseases, which are chronic inflammatory diseases caused by bacterial infection that result in resorption of the tooth-supporting bone. We assessed the effect of RJ on mineralization in mouse periodontal ligament cell clone 22 (MPDL22 cells), which are of an osteogenic and cementogenic lineage. The mRNA expression of osteopontin, osteocalcin and osterix, and mineralized nodule formation were significantly enhanced in RJ-treated MPDL22 cells. In addition, we investigated the effects of RJ on the production of inflammatory cytokines from MPDL22 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of Porphyromonas gingivalis, a periodontopathic bacterium. RJ suppressed LPS-induced interleukin-6 and CXC chemokine ligand 10 production from MPDL22 cells. Furthermore, RJ suppressed the expression of CD54 in MPDL22 cells: CD54 is the adhesion molecule involved in the accumulation of leukocytes in periodontal lesions. These findings suggest that the osteoinductive and anti-inflammatory effects of RJ can provide benefits for the treatment and prevention of periodontal diseases. PMID:21878736

Yanagita, Manabu; Kojima, Yuko; Mori, Kenta; Yamada, Satoru; Murakami, Shinya

2011-08-01

192

Royal jelly has estrogenic effects in vitro and in vivo.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) from honeybees (Apis mellifera) is traditionally thought to improve menopausal symptoms. The potential estrogenic activities of RJ were investigated using various approaches. RJ competed for binding of 17beta-estradiol to the human estrogen receptor alpha and beta but its affinities were weak compared with diethylstilbestrol and phytoestrogens. The reporter gene expression assays suggested that 0.1-1 mg/ml RJ activated estrogen receptors, leading to enhanced transcription of a reporter gene through an estrogen-responsive element. 1 mg/ml RJ stimulated the mRNA expression of estrogen-responsive pS2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) by increasing gene transcription in MCF-7 cells. Treatment with RJ at concentrations ranging from 0.5 to 1 mg/ml enhanced MCF-7 cell proliferation, but concomitant treatment with 1 microM tamoxifen blocked this effect. In vivo studies using ovariectomized rats showed that 17beta-estradiol (20 mg/kg, s.c.) treatment restored VEGF expression in both uterus and brain, whereas RJ (1 g/kg, s.c.) restored it in uterus but not in brain. These findings provide evidence that RJ has estrogenic activities through interaction with estrogen receptors followed by endogenous gene expressions. PMID:15946813

Mishima, Satoshi; Suzuki, Kazu-Michi; Isohama, Yoichiro; Kuratsu, Naoko; Araki, Yoko; Inoue, Makoto; Miyata, Takeshi

2005-10-01

193

Introduction to Isotropy Subgroups and Displacive Phase Transitions  

E-print Network

of the ith atom is ri + ui. When g operates on this new atomic position, we obtain g(ri + ui) = rj + Rui of the atom at rj after the operation is now Rui which may or may not be equal to its displacement uj before

Hart, Gus

194

MORFOLOGIA POLÍNICA DAS ESPÉCIES DE HELIOTROPIUM L. (BORAGINACEAE) OCORRENTES EM PERNAMBUCO, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work aims to contribute to the inter-specific delimitation of Pernambucan species of Heliotropium by a pollen morphology study. The species studied were H. angiospermum Murray, H. curassavicum L., H. elongatum (Lehm.)

José Iranildo; Miranda de Melo; Margareth Ferreira de Sales

195

Leishmaniose tegumentar americana humana e canina no Município de Mariluz, Estado do Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

An outbreak of American cutaneous leishmani- asis was reported in 2002 in Mariluz, northwest- ern Paraná State, Brazil. Of 38 humans who were investigated, four had healed lesions, ten showed lesions in the healing process, and 24 had active lesions. Of the 126 dogs, 20 (15.9%) presented suggestive lesions and 24 (19%) had positive se- rology. Parasites isolated from two

Maria Valdrinez Campana Lonardoni; Thaís Gomes Verzignassi Silveira; Waneska Alexandra Alves; Ana Nilce Silveira Maia-Elkhoury; Umberto Assis Membrive; Norberto Assis Membrive; Gesse Rodrigues; Nélio Reis; Paulo Donizete Zanzarini; Edna Ishikawa; Ueslei Teodoro

2006-01-01

196

ISSN 0103-1538 3891 ANOMALIAS DE PRECIPITAO PARA A REGIO SUL DO BRASIL  

E-print Network

Daniela Wancura Barbieri, INPE/CRS, daniela.barbieri@crs.inpe.br; Isabela P. V. O. Marcelino, INPE/CRS, isabela.marcelino@crs.inpe.br; Tania Maria Sausen, INPE/CRS, tania.sausen@crs.inpe.br RESUMO Anomalias de

197

[Socioeconomic and geographic constraints to access mammography in Brasil, 2003-2008].  

PubMed

This study examined the effect of population characteristics and geographic location of residences and services on the odds of receiving a mammography in 2003 and 2008. Patterns of mammography use were analyzed using data from the Health Supplements of the National Household Sample Survey for women aged over 25, using prevalence ratios, and for women over 40 using multivariate logistic regression, correcting for complex sample design effects. In 2003, 54.6% of women of 50-69 years of age reported having had a mammography, in 2008, 71.5%. The odds are higher for those 50 to 69 years old, and increase with family income, education, being married, having consulted a doctor and having health insurance. Living in a metropolitan area trebles the chance of mammography. Compared to the Northern region, residents in all other regions have greater odds, greater distances decrease the odds. Coverage increased in the age range targeted by national policy, and inequalities due to income and education on access to mammography were reduced but regional convergence was not marked. Increased access seems to relate more to policies of income distribution and social inclusion, and to the availability of the examination in the Unified Health System, than to an increasing number of mammography units. PMID:21987309

de Oliveira, Evangelina Xavier Gouveia; Pinheiro, Rejane Sobrino; Melo, Enirtes Caetano Praates; Carvalho, Marilia Sá

2011-09-01

198

Efectos macroeconómicos de los mercados negros de dólares. El caso del Brasil, 1968-1989  

Microsoft Academic Search

Con la crisis del sistema monetario internacional a principios de los años setenta, tanto los países desarrollados como los menos industrializados se vieron en la necesidad de revisar sus regímenes cambiarios, para atender tanto a la propia volatilidad de los mercados internacionales como al grado de apertura y de movilidad de capitales en sus economías. De esta manera surge una

Alejandro Reynoso del Valle

1992-01-01

199

Situation Reports--Brasil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in six foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Brazil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two topics, general background and family planning situation. General background…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

200

Consideracoes Historicas sobre o Ensino Profissionalizante no Brasil (Historical Considerations about Professional Education in Brazil).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Analyzes the paths taken in professional education in Brazil from the colonial period until the formation of the republic. Refers to specialists as well as specific laws for each period described in the study. (BT)

Barros, Marta Silene Ferreira

2000-01-01

201

Alguns Aspectos do Teatro no Brasil nos Séculos XVIII e XIX  

E-print Network

que narra os eventos de Santo Amaro da Purificação—a Relação escrita por Francisco Calmon—em Panorama do Teatro Brasileiro (São Paulo: Difusão Europeia do Livro, 1962), de Sábato Magaldi. As festividades de Salvador por sua vez foram minuciosamente... Joaquim de Campos. As relações naturais e outras comédias. Fixação do texto, estudo crítico c notas por Guilhermino César (Porto Alegre: Edições da Faculdade de Filosofia, 1969). ...

Araú jo, Né lson de

1977-10-01

202

O time Replicante 2 na RoboCupJunior Brasil: Tarefa de Resgate  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article describes a solution for the task presented at the Rescue category of I RoboCupJunior Brazil. It is presented a configuration of sensors that allows the robot to follow the black line, even in the presence of discontinuities, and the identification of objects. The methodology used with the students in order for them to work with the Lego Mindstorm®

Antonio C. G. Martins; Alexandre S. Simões; Ronaldo Carrion

203

Ocorrência de Puma concolor (Linnaeus) (Felidae, Carnivora) em áreas de vegetação remanescente de Santa Catarina, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

PRESENCE OF PUMA CONCOLOR (LINNAEUS) (FELIDAE, CARNIVORA) ON REMNANT HABITATS IN SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL. Several reports on puma (Puma concolor) have been done in the State of Santa Catarina, Southern Brazil, most of them in remnant original habitats above 800 meters. These records show a thight relationship between the puma with the altitude and mostly with the habitat quality. In

Marcelo Mazzolli

1993-01-01

204

The case of Magneti Marelli Brasil: Endogenous and exogenous factors in local dominant technology development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Countries and automotive companies are searching for ways to reduce vehicle dependence on oil and its environmental impacts. Hybrid engines, as well as hydrogen, natural gas, alcohol, and other fuels, have been proposed and tested as options to the currently dominant gasoline paradigm. Through a case study, this paper presents the endogenous and exogenous factors that allowed Magneti Marelli Sistemas

P. T. de Souza Nascimento; A. S. O. Yu; Francisco Nigro; Robson Quinello; R. de Fatima S. Macri Russo; N. C. Lima

2009-01-01

205

Teorias do Capital Social e Desenvolvimento Local: lições a partir da experiência de Pintadas (Bahia, Brasil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A literatura acadêmica e os relatórios de agências internacionais que tratam do tema do capital social partem, de modo quase generalizado, da constatação de que as variáveis econômicas não são suficientes para produzir desenvolvimento socialmente justo e ambientalmente sustentável. Afirmam que o crescimento econômico não produz, necessária e diretamente, o desenvolvimento social; relembram que as instituições e o sistema social

Carlos Milani

2005-01-01

206

Strigiformes e Caprimulgiformes em Santa Catarina, sul do Brasil: Registros relevantes e novas localidades  

Microsoft Academic Search

Strigiformes and Caprimulgiformes in Santa Catarina State, southern Brazil: Relevant records and new localities. With the growing ornithological research in Santa Catarina, many localities have already acquired good knowledge about their avifauna, but, some groups of birds are still sub-sampled in most of these ornithological studies. This sub-sampling of certain avian groups, such as the nocturnal (Strigiformes and Caprimulgiformes), may

Evair Legal; Tiago João Cadorin; Glauco Ubiratan Kohler

2009-01-01

207

Análise da profilaxia da raiva humana em Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, em 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Timely application of adequate treatment, speedy and thorough observation of animals, and streamlined information transfer provide qual- ity rabies epidemiological surveillance in cases of attacks by animals. This study aims to evalu- ate rabies surveillance and the use of a comput- erized system in the surveillance process. A total of 4,168 attacks by animals were analyzed. The injuries were considered

Leonardo Rigo; Michael Robin Honer

2005-01-01

208

A Rede de Apoio Social e Afetivo de Adolescentes Institucionalizados no Sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this study was to examine the perception of social and emotional support network in institutionalized adolescents, considering the changes on relationships caused by the situation of institutionalization. The participants were 35 adolescents of both sexes, with age from 11 to 16 years. Five Field Map, which allows evaluating structure and function of the support network, and semi-structured

Aline Cardoso Siqueira; Mariana Kraemer Betts; Débora Dalbosco Dell' Aglio

2006-01-01

209

Interfaces da publicidade online : um estudo de hotsites veiculados no display do portal Yahoo! Brasil.  

E-print Network

??Face to new communication opportunities of cyberspace, the on line media specific strategies were investigated, focus in advertising and visual communication. Based on persuasive advertising… (more)

Raquel Paiva Godinho

2010-01-01

210

BRASIL 2011: EL NUEVO GOBIERNO DE DILMA ROUSSEFF Y SUS INTER-RELACIONES CON EL PERÚ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dilma Rousseff nació el 14 de diciembre de 1947 en la ciudad de Belo Horizonte, estado de Minas Gerais. Es economista de profesión y se afilio al PT en el año 2001; en el año 2002 fue convidada para asumir el Ministerio de Energía y Minas, cargo en el que permaneció hasta el año 2005, cuando pasó a ocupar la

Pedro Hubertus Vivas Agüero

2011-01-01

211

A EXTENSÃO OFICIAL NO BRASIL: UMA AVALIAÇÃO DIAGNÓSTICA. O CASO DO NORDESTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabalho é resultado de uma investigação sobre a ação dos órgãos oficiais de Assistência Técnica e Extensão rural (ATER) no nordeste brasileiro, com o objetivo avaliar as ações dos mesmos visando a implementação da nova Política Nacional de ATER (PNATER), na região como referência para o país. Ela contemplou os Estados de Bahia, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Rio Grande do Norte,

José Ribamar; Furtado de Souza

212

Relación entre turismo, género y sexo. El caso de Buzios - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between sex and tourism has followed different paths starting from the Gay \\/ Lesbian friendly market to nudist tourism or prostitution. Not withstanding, there are sill few initiatives to stop this kind of tourism that brings with its huge social problems and scandalizes the public opinion. This is probably due to the fact that from an historic point

Juana A. Norrild

2007-01-01

213

Epidemiology of Fasciola hepatica infection in the Paraíba River Valley, São Paulo, Brasil.  

PubMed

The study revealed that although Lymnaea columella and Stenophysa marmorata were found in the same habitat, only L. columella harbored intramolluscan stages of F. hepatica. The population density of L. columella cyclically decreased between September and February, and increased from March to September. The drought that occurred between June and November 1981 dramatically reduced the number of snails collected. Larger snails were collected in March-July and November-December, while the smaller snails were collected in January-February and August-October, suggesting that there may be two generations of L. columella per year. The highest prevalence levels of infection in L. columella were: first year, June 8.82%, September 9.09% and October 10.52%; second year, March 6.25% and April 6.89%; third year, July 7.69%, August 10.25%, April 17.91% and May 13.91%. Results obtained with tracer sheep showed that the largest numbers of metacercariae were on pasture between June and October, and between March and April, but the infection was present during most of the year. PMID:3564331

Amato, S B; De Rezende, H E; Gomes, D C; Da Serra Freire, N M

1986-12-01

214

Ácaros plumícolas em beija-flores no município de Vicência, Pernambuco, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Feather mites on hummingbirds from the municipality of Vicência, Pernambuco state, Brazil. The infestation by feather-mites on hummingbirds was studied. A total of 86 birds were captured with mist-nest at the Engenho Independência, municipality of Vicência, Pernambuco, Brazil. Of those, 59 individuals (68.6%) were infested by feather-mites of the genera Trochilodectes Park & Atyeo, 1971; Toxerodectes Park & Atyeo, 1971;

Sônia A. Rod; Angela Maria; Morais Rego

2007-01-01

215

A Petrobrás e a exploração de Petróleo Offshore no Brasil: um approach evolucionário  

Microsoft Academic Search

Technological Innovation had been changed into economic growth and development in all world. Many settled studies had highlighted the advantages of collective research programs against the option to carry out the same programs lonely. At this paper, will be sketch the innovators aspects built up by Petrobras to develop a broader and new efficient technology process to explore oil in

José Benedito Ortiz Neto; Armando Dalla Costa

2006-01-01

216

Primeiro registro documentado do gavião-pega-macaco, Spizaetus tyrannus, para o estado do Ceará, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

First documented record of the Black Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus tyrannus to the state of Ceará, Brazil. The Black Hawk-Eagle has a wide but discontinuous range along Latin American rainforests. We present the first documented record of the species to the state of Ceará, in a montane moist forest enclave surrounded by semi-arid lowlands. The record was documented by a tape recording

Ciro Albano; Weber Girão; Thieres Pinto

217

ACRITARCOS ANORMAIS: UM CASO TERATOLÓGICO NO LIMITE LLANDOVERY\\/WENLOCK NA BACIA DO AMAZONAS, BRASIL 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

2, 4 RESUMO: Acritarcos anormais são indivíduos portadores de anomalias morfológicas e que são encontrados em diversos níveis ao longo da série siluriana, mas particularmente abundantes dentro do limite Llandovery\\/Wenlock. São poucos os trabalhos que fazem referências a acritarcos anormais. Na primeira citação foi descrito um Veryhachium europaeum \\

MARIA ANTONIETA C. RODRIGUES; TEREZA REGINA M. CARDOSO

218

Em busca de um novo paradigma para o seguro rural no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implementation of a crop insurance program is an old requirement of the agricultural sector. After the failure of the National Crop Insurance Company (CNSA), in the period of 1954 through 1966, the federal government started to stimulate the agricultural insurance market. Aiming increase the crop insurance operations the Government approved Law n. 10.823 which subsidize part of the premium

Vitor Augusto Ozaki

2008-01-01

219

1Neotrop Entomol 40(1): 1-13 2011 Sociedade Entomolgica do Brasil Neotropical Entomology  

E-print Network

al 1999, DeVries 2000). The group is particularly diverse in the Neotropics, with approximately 1 to the highlands of the Andes (DeVries 1987). The host plants of Satyrinae are mostly monocots, with certain of this is that they are mostly palatable organisms (DeVries 1987, but see Rothschild 2001) and are likely to rely ma

Wahlberg, Niklas

220

Gastrópodes e bivalves límnicos do trecho médio da bacia do Rio Doce, Minas Gerais, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Gastropods and freshwater bivalves from the median region of the Rio Doce basin, Minas Gerais, Brazil. A survey of the lymnic malacofauna from the mid-segment of the Rio Doce basin was carried out from 1999 to 2001. The studied region is permanently submitted to the impact of mining, reforestation, urban waste, metallurgy, and includes two areas of high priority preservation.

Teofânia H. D. A. Vidigal; Maria M. G. S. M. Marques; Henry P. Lima; Francisco A. R. Barbosa

221

Páginas na memória : livros didáticos e narrativas de experiências escolares no brasil (1937-1956).  

E-print Network

??Esta dissertação buscou compreender como os livros didáticos integravam a atmosfera político-cultural e, especificamente, práticas educativas na escola primária brasileira de meados do século XX.… (more)

Flávia de Souza Fontineles

2010-01-01

222

Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. XXII. CoRoT-16b: a hot Jupiter with a hint of eccentricity around a faint solar-like star  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: We report the discovery of CoRoT-16b, a low density hot jupiter that orbits a faint G5V star (mV = 15.63) in 5.3523 ± 0.0002 days with slight eccentricity. A fit of the data with no a priori assumptions on the orbit leads to an eccentricity of 0.33 ± 0.1. We discuss this value and also derive the mass and radius of the planet. Methods: We analyse the photometric transit curve of CoRoT-16 given by the CoRoT satellite, and radial velocity data from the HARPS and HIRES spectrometers. A combined analysis using a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is used to get the system parameters. Results: CoRoT-16b is a 0.535 -0.083/+0.085 MJ, 1.17 -0.14/+0.16 RJ hot Jupiter with a density of 0.44 -0.14/+0.21 g cm-3. Despite its short orbital distance (0.0618 ± 0.0015 AU) and the age of the parent star (6.73 ± 2.8 Gyr), the planet orbit exhibits significantly non-zero eccentricity. This is very uncommon for this type of objects as tidal effects tend to circularise the orbit. This value is discussed taking into account the characteristics of the star and the observation accuracy. The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27, 2006, has been developed and is operated by the CNES with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany, and Spain.Observations made with the HARPS spectrograph at ESO La Silla Observatory (HARPS programs 083.C-0186 and 184.C-0639) and the HIRES spectrograph at the Keck Observatory (NASA-Keck programs N035Hr, N143Hr and N095Hr).

Ollivier, M.; Gillon, M.; Santerne, A.; Wuchterl, G.; Havel, M.; Bruntt, H.; Bordé, P.; Pasternacki, T.; Endl, M.; Gandolfi, D.; Aigrain, S.; Almenara, J. M.; Alonso, R.; Auvergne, M.; Baglin, A.; Barge, P.; Bonomo, A. S.; Bouchy, F.; Cabrera, J.; Carone, L.; Carpano, S.; Cavarroc, C.; Cochran, W. D.; Csizmadia, Sz.; Deeg, H. J.; Deleuil, M.; Diaz, R. F.; Dvorak, R.; Erikson, A.; Ferraz-Mello, S.; Fridlund, M.; Gazzano, J.-C.; Grziwa, S.; Guenther, E.; Guillot, T.; Guterman, P.; Hatzes, A.; Hébrard, G.; Lammer, H.; Léger, A.; Lovis, C.; MacQueen, P. J.; Mayor, M.; Mazeh, T.; Moutou, C.; Ofir, A.; Pätzold, M.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Rouan, D.; Samuel, B.; Schneider, J.; Tadeu dos Santos, M.; Tal-Or, L.; Tingley, B.; Weingrill, J.

2012-05-01

223

An integrated approach to offshore wind energy assessment: Great Lakes 3D Wind Experiment. Part I. Calibration and testing RJ Barthelmie1, SC Pryor1, CM Smith1, P Crippa1, H Wang1, R. Krishnamurthy2, R. Calhoun2, D Valyou3, P Marzocca3, D Matthiesen4, N.  

E-print Network

An integrated approach to offshore wind energy assessment: Great Lakes 3D Wind Experiment. Part I Government or any agency thereof." Introduction An experiment to test wind and turbulence measurement strategies was conducted at a northern Indiana wind farm in May 2012. The experimental design focused

Polly, David

224

Identification of the distribution of adenosine phosphates, nucleosides and nucleobases in royal jelly.  

PubMed

Nucleotides, nucleosides and nucleobases play a greater role in the physiological activity of organisms which are highly present in royal jelly (RJ). The objective of the present study is to develop a HPLC method to simultaneous determine nucleotides, nucleosides and nucleobases in RJ and access them in fresh and commercial RJ samples. The LOD and LOQ were 12.2-99.6?g/L and 40.8-289.4?g/L, respectively with nearly 100.9% recoveries. Except uric acid, all other compounds were found in RJ samples. Significant difference in the average content of compounds in fresh (2682.93mg/kg) and commercial samples (3152.78mg/kg) were observed. AMP, adenosine and adenine were found predominant in all the samples. Significant higher levels of ATP, ADP and AMP was seen in fresh RJ samples, and IMP, uridine, guanosine, and thymidine was seen in commercial RJ samples. The investigated compounds can be used as indexes for assessment RJ freshness and quality. PMID:25466132

Wu, Liming; Chen, Lanzhen; Selvaraj, Jonathan Nimal; Wei, Yue; Wang, Yong; Li, Yi; Zhao, Jing; Xue, Xiaofeng

2015-04-15

225

Effect of royal jelly on experimental colitis induced by acetic acid and alteration of mast cell distribution in the colon of rats  

PubMed Central

This study investigated the effects of royal jelly (RJ) on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats. Twenty adult female Wistar albino rats were divided into four treatment groups of 5 animals each, including a control group (Group I); Group II was treated orally with RJ (150 mg kg?1 body weight); Group III had acetic acid-induced colitis; and Group IV had acetic acid-induced colitis treated orally with RJ (150 mg kg?1 body weight) for 4 weeks. Colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of 4% acetic acid; the control group received physiological saline (10 mL kg?1). Colon samples were obtained under deep anaesthesia from animals in all groups. Tissues were fixed in 10% formalin neutral buffer solution for 24 h and embedded in paraffin. Six-micrometre-thick sections were stained with Mallory’s triple stain and toluidine blue in 1% aqueous solution at pH 1.0 for 5 min (for Mast Cells). RJ was shown to protect the colonic mucosa against the injurious effect of acetic acid. Colitis (colonic damage) was confirmed histomorphometrically as significant increases in the number of mast cells (MC) and colonic erosions in rats with acetic acid-induced colitis. The RJ treatment significantly decreased the number of MC and reduced the area of colonic erosion in the colon of RJ-treated rats compared with rats with untreated colitis. The results suggest that oral treatment with RJ could be used to treat colitis. PMID:21263740

Karaca, T.; Bayiroglu, F.; Yoruk, M.; Kaya, M.S.; Uslu, S.; Comba, B.; Mis, L.

2010-01-01

226

Effect of royal jelly on experimental colitis Induced by acetic acid and alteration of mast cell distribution in the colon of rats.  

PubMed

This study investigated the effects of royal jelly (RJ) on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats. Twenty adult female Wistar albino rats were divided into four treatment groups of 5 animals each, including a control group (Group I); Group II was treated orally with RJ (150 mg kg(-1) body weight); Group III had acetic acid-induced colitis; and Group IV had acetic acid-induced colitis treated orally with RJ (150 mg kg(-1) body weight) for 4 weeks. Colitis was induced by intracolonic instillation of 4% acetic acid; the control group received physiological saline (10 mL kg(-1)). Colon samples were obtained under deep anaesthesia from animals in all groups. Tissues were fixed in 10% formalin neutral buffer solution for 24 h and embedded in paraffin. Six-micrometre-thick sections were stained with Mallory’s triple stain and toluidine blue in 1% aqueous solution at pH 1.0 for 5 min (for Mast Cells). RJ was shown to protect the colonic mucosa against the injurious effect of acetic acid. Colitis (colonic damage) was confirmed histomorphometrically as significant increases in the number of mast cells (MC) and colonic erosions in rats with acetic acid-induced colitis. The RJ treatment significantly decreased the number of MC and reduced the area of colonic erosion in the colon of RJ-treated rats compared with rats with untreated colitis. The results suggest that oral treatment with RJ could be used to treat colitis. PMID:21263740

Karaca, T; Bayiroglu, F; Yoruk, M; Kaya, M S; Uslu, S; Comba, B; Mis, L

2010-01-01

227

Serum and liver tissue bio-element levels, and antioxidant enzyme activities in carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatotoxicity: protective effects of royal jelly.  

PubMed

The liver is a vital organ, and its function is generally impaired by chemicals. Some natural compounds have a protective role against liver diseases such as royal jelly (RJ). To our knowledge, there are no data available on the effect of RJ therapy on the levels of bio-element metabolisms and antioxidant enzyme activities in the carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced liver damage. Therefore, in the present study, we have investigated the role of RJ therapy in the trace and major elements and antioxidant enzymes in CCl(4)-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Antioxidant enzyme activities decreased in the CCl(4)-treated group more than they did in the sham and RJ-administered groups. Many bio-element levels were also reduced in only the CCl(4)-treated group. This showed that the depletion of trace elements was related to erythrocyte antioxidant enzyme activities. RJ administration clearly increased the trace and major element levels and antioxidant enzyme activities in RJ groups. RJ may be used as functional foods because of their naturally high antioxidant potential and rich element content. PMID:22510102

Cemek, Mustafa; Y?lmaz, Fatma; Büyükokuro?lu, Mehmet Emin; Büyükben, Ahmet; Aymelek, Fatih; Ayaz, Ahmet

2012-08-01

228

[Effect of long-term treatment with royal jelly on insulin resistance in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats].  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is known to have abundant nutritional properties and a variety of biological activities. To investigate the effects of RJ on insulin resistance, 10-week-old Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty (OLETF) rats, a type 2 diabetic model, were treated for 4 weeks with RJ (10, 30, and 300 mg/kg, p.o.). RJ treatment tended to decrease systolic blood pressure and significantly decreased serum levels of insulin and the Homeostasis Model Assessment ratio, an index of insulin resistance. In isolated and perfused mesenteric vascular beds of OLETF rats, RJ treatment resulted in significant reduction of the sympathetic nerve-mediated vasoconstrictor response to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and potentiation of the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) nerve-mediated vasodilator response to PNS, compared with that in untreated OLETF rats. However, RJ treatment did not significantly affect norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction and CGRP-induced vasodilation. These results suggest that RJ could be an effective and functional food to prevent the development of insulin resistance. PMID:17978564

Nomura, Masataka; Maruo, Naomi; Zamami, Yoshito; Takatori, Shingo; Doi, Shima; Kawasaki, Hiromu

2007-11-01

229

Elevated concentrations of dissolved Ba, Fe and Mn in a mangrove subterranean estuary: Consequence of sea level rise?  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Groundwater underlying a mangrove habitat was studied to determine the geochemical nature of Ba, Fe and Mn as related to dissolved organic carbon (DOC), SO4 and salinity (Sepetiba Bay, Brazil). Wells were placed across geobotanic facies and sampled monthly for a year. We observed non-conservative behavior and elevated concentrations of dissolved metals relative to local end-members (i.e., fresh river water and seawater). Average Ba concentrations were near 2000 nM in an area with low salinity (˜5.3). Dissolved Fe (up to 654 ?M) was two orders of magnitude greater in fresh groundwater than in the seaward sampling stations. Manganese concentrations were greatest (112 ?M) in the high salinity (˜65) zone, being directly influenced by salinity. Groundwater Ba, Fe and Mn showed differing site specific concentrations, likely related to ion exchange processes and redox-controlled cycling along distinct mangrove facies. The results of this work show that metal concentrations are altered relative to conservative mixing between terrestrial and marine endmembers, illustrating the importance of mangrove subterranean estuaries as biogeochemical reactors. Roughly-estimated submarine groundwater discharge-derived dissolved Ba, Fe and Mn fluxes were at least one order of magnitude greater than river-derived fluxes into Sepetiba Bay.

Sanders, Christian J.; Santos, Isaac R.; Barcellos, Renato; Silva Filho, Emmanoel V.

2012-07-01

230

A royal jelly as a new potential immunomodulator in rats and mice.  

PubMed

In order to study a possible immunomodulatory effect of the royal jelly (RJ) secreted by mandibular and hypopharingeal glands of the worker honeybee (Apis mellifera Linné.) we have used a well established rodent model. The CBA mice were given s.c. 0.1 ml of RJ, 7 days before, or immediately after, the immunization with sheep red blood cells (SRBC). The Y59 rats received i.m. 0.4 ml or i.v. 0.025 ml of RJ once or twice at 7 day intervals. Serum levels of total proteins and immunoglobulins in the rats that received RJ once or twice within a 2-week-period were significantly lower (P < or = 0.05) as compared with the nontreated animals. In mice which were immunized with 4 x 10(8) of SRBC 7 days after the application of RJ the number of plaque forming splenocytes was significantly higher (P < or = 0.05) than that in the controls. Both the weight of inguinal lymph node and the number of peripheral blood lymphocytes were increased (P < or = 0.05) in RJ-treated mice 3 or 5 days after the immunization, respectively. Neutrophils were decreased (P < or = 0.05) in the mice that were killed 5 or 10 days after the RJ treatment. Overall these results indicate that RJ exhibited immunomodulatory properties by stimulating antibody production and immunocompetent cell proliferation in mice or depressing humoral immune functions in rats. Both phenomena, though species-related in this model, could probably be reversed by changing the dose or the route of RJ application. PMID:8654043

Sver, L; Orsoli?, N; Tadi?, Z; Njari, B; Valpoti?, I; Basi?, I

1996-01-01

231

Royal jelly modulates oxidative stress and apoptosis in liver and kidneys of rats treated with cisplatin.  

PubMed

Cisplatin (CDDP) is one of the most active cytotoxic agents in the treatment of cancer and has adverse side effects such as nephrotoxicity and hepatotoxicity. The present study was designed to determine the effects of royal jelly (RJ) against oxidative stress caused by CDDP injury of the kidneys and liver, by measuring tissue biochemical and antioxidant parameters and investigating apoptosis immunohistochemically. Twenty-four Sprague Dawley rats were divided into four groups, group C: control group received 0.9% saline; group CDDP: injected i.p. with cisplatin (CDDP, 7?mg?kg(-1) body weight i.p., single dose); group RJ: treated for 15 consecutive days by gavage with RJ (300?mg/kg/day); group RJ + CDDP: treated by gavage with RJ 15 days following a single injection of CDDP. Malondialdehyde (MDA) and glutathione (GSH) levels, glutathione S-transferase (GST), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were determined in liver and kidney homogenates, and the liver and kidney were also histologically examined. RJ elicited a significant protective effect towards liver and kidney by decreasing the level of lipid peroxidation (MDA), elevating the level of GSH, and increasing the activities of GST, GSH-Px, and SOD. In the immunohistochemical examinations were observed significantly enhanced apoptotic cell numbers and degenerative changes by cisplatin, but these histological changes were lower in the liver and kidney tissues of RJ + CDDP group. Besides, treatment with RJ lead to an increase in antiapoptotic activity hepatocytes and tubular epithelium. In conclusion, RJ may be used in combination with cisplatin in chemotherapy to improve cisplatin-induced oxidative stress parameters and apoptotic activity. PMID:21904651

Karadeniz, Ali; Simsek, Nejdet; Karakus, Emre; Yildirim, Serap; Kara, Adem; Can, Ismail; Kisa, Fikrullah; Emre, Habib; Turkeli, Mehmet

2011-01-01

232

Proteomic Analysis of Apis cerana and Apis mellifera Larvae Fed with Heterospecific Royal Jelly and by CSBV Challenge  

PubMed Central

Chinese honeybee Apis cerana (Ac) is one of the major Asian honeybee species for local apiculture. However, Ac is frequently damaged by Chinese sacbrood virus (CSBV), whereas Apis mellifera (Am) is usually resistant to it. Heterospecific royal jelly (RJ) breeding in two honeybee species may result in morphological and genetic modification. Nevertheless, knowledge on the resistant mechanism of Am to this deadly disease is still unknown. In the present study, heterospecific RJ breeding was conducted to determine the effects of food change on the larval mortality after CSBV infection at early larval stage. 2-DE and MALDI-TOF/TOF MS proteomic technology was employed to unravel the molecular event of the bees under heterospecific RJ breeding and CSBV challenge. The change of Ac larval food from RJC to RJM could enhance the bee resistance to CSBV. The mortality rate of Ac larvae after CSBV infection was much higher when the larvae were fed with RJC compared with the larvae fed with RJM. There were 101 proteins with altered expressions after heterospecific RJ breeding and viral infection. In Ac larvae, 6 differential expression proteins were identified from heterospecific RJ breeding only, 21 differential expression proteins from CSBV challenge only and 7 differential expression proteins from heterospecific RJ breeding plus CSBV challenge. In Am larvae, 17 differential expression proteins were identified from heterospecific RJ breeding only, 26 differential expression proteins from CSBV challenge only and 24 differential expression proteins from heterospecific RJ breeding plus CSBV challenge. The RJM may protect Ac larvae from CSBV infection, probably by activating the genes in energy metabolism pathways, antioxidation and ubiquitin-proteasome system. The present results, for the first time, comprehensively descript the molecular events of the viral infection of Ac and Am after heterospecific RJ breeding and are potentially useful for establishing CSBV resistant populations of Ac for apiculture. PMID:25102167

Huang, Xiu; Han, Richou

2014-01-01

233

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL FLUMINENSE BOLETIM DE SERVIO ANO XLI N. 196 13/12/2011 SEO IV PG. 012  

E-print Network

- UFF ­ 5º andar do Prédio Novo, sala 500 Rua Passo da Pátria, 156, Boa Viagem - Niterói / RJ. 2 Prédio Novo, sala 500 3.2.1.4. Rua Passo da Pátria, 156, Boa Viagem - Niterói / RJ. 3.2.2. Prova escrita 500, Rua Passo da Pátria, 156, Boa Viagem - Niterói / RJ. 3.3. Matrícula 3.3.1. Serão chamados para

Souza, Max O.

234

Project EARTH-12-SHELL5: Physical property changes in fine-grained sediments due to early  

E-print Network

and the producibility of shale gas reservoirs. Classical views of compaction and porosity loss in fine- grained, 280-300. #12;Neagu, C., Cartwright, J.A. and Davies, R.J. 2010. Measurement of diagenetic compaction

Henderson, Gideon

235

ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE SHELLS WITH TRANSVERSE SHEAR FORCES  

E-print Network

triaxial behavior) that are analyzed according to the smeared rotating crack approach. The set of internals Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ, Brazil, 24220-900 2 Ph.D., Laboratoire Central des Ponts et Chaussées

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

236

Joint Institute Marine and Atmospheric  

E-print Network

Joint Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Research NATIONALOCEA NIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION Contribution 00-328 #12;ii This research is funded by Cooperative Agreement Number NA67RJ0154 between the Joint

Hawai'i at Manoa, University of

237

Metachromatic leukodystrophy  

MedlinePLUS

McGovern MM, Desnick RJ. Defects in Metabolism of Lipids. In: Kliegman RM, Behrman RE, Jenson HB, Stanton BF, eds. Nelson Textbookof Pediatrics . 19th ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2011:chap 80.

238

"If You Give Him Seeds, He'll Eat Forever"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on an OEO-funded farming project through which northern New Mexico Pueblo American Indians are growing crops indoors in nutritive water and gravel through a cultivation process known as hydroponics. (RJ)

Murphy, Betty

1972-01-01

239

IS THE DOSE-RESPONSE LINEAR OR NONLINEAR FOR GENOTOXIC EFFECTS?  

EPA Science Inventory

IS THE DOSE-RESPONSE LINEAR OR NONLINEAR FOR GENOTOXIC EFFECTS? Preston, RJ. Environmental Carcinogenesis Division, NHEERL, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Research Triangle Park, NC 27711 For considerations of cancer risk assessment from exposure to environmenta...

240

The Windsor Hills School Story  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recounts history of Windsor Hill School, Los Angeles, its change from a white to a black community institution, its maintenance of high academic standards through parental intervention and action, and the high achievement levels of its black students. (RJ)

Walker, Olive

1970-01-01

241

Usual Dietary Intakes: Further Information  

Cancer.gov

Freedman LS, Midthune D, Carroll RJ, Krebs-Smith S, Subar AF, Troiano RP, Dodd K, Schatzkin A, Bingham SA, Ferrari P, Kipnis V. Adjustments to improve the estimation of usual dietary intake distributions in the population.

242

Modeling of dislocationgrain boundary interactions in FCC metals  

E-print Network

Modeling of dislocation­grain boundary interactions in FCC metals M. de Koning a , R.J. Kurtz b of the interaction between dislocations and grain boundaries (GB) in FCC metals will be presented. 2D simulations

Cai, Wei

243

FIRST OCCURRENCE OF FOOTPRINTS OF LARGE THERAPSIDS FROM THE UPPER PERMIAN OF  

E-print Network

RJ, UK; e-mail: mike.benton@bris.ac.uk àSchool of Earth, Ocean and Environmental Sciences, University by the base of the overlying fine-grained sandstone, which was deposited from a sheet-flood event

Benton, Michael

244

ENDOCRINE-DISRUPTING CHEMICALS: PREPUBERTAL EXPOSURES AND EFFECTS ON SEXUAL MATURATION AND THYROID ACTIVITY IN THE FEMALE RAT. A FOCUS ON THE EDSTAC RECOMMENDATIONS  

EPA Science Inventory

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals: prepubertal exposures and effects on sexual maturation and thyroid activity in the female rat. A focus on the EDSTAC recommendations. Goldman JM, Laws SC, Balchak SK, Cooper RL, Kavlock RJ. Reproductive Toxicology Division, National H...

245

Methadone Maintenance as Law and Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that substitution of methadone for heroin would not rehabilitate the drug addict, but it may be used as a method of tranquilizing a potentially troublesome ghetto and poor white population. (RJ)

Heyman, Florence

1972-01-01

246

c INRA/DIB-AGIB/EDP Sciences, 2010 DOI: 10.1051/apido/2010033  

E-print Network

a colony), RJ has been in- corporated in traditional human medicine and is widely promoted and commercially) and on some occasions above and below the range of present Chinese and Swiss standards. The results suggest

247

American Catholics and Negroes  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Gives historical perspective to Catholicism and the race issue in America. Emphasizes that, with little exception, whatever progress the Catholic Church has made on the race issue is the result of factors external to the Church. (RJ)

Traxler, Margaret Ellen, Sister

1969-01-01

248

Drug-induced pulmonary disease  

MedlinePLUS

Drug-induced pulmonary disease is lung disease brought on by a bad reaction to a medicine. ... Maldonado F, Limper AH. Drug-induced pulmonary disease. In: Mason RJ, ... of Respiratory Medicine . 5th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier ...

249

Heart bypass surgery - minimally invasive - discharge  

MedlinePLUS

... Feb;141(2 Suppl):e637S-68S. Fraker TD Jr, Fihn SD, Gibbons RJ, Abrams J, Chatterjee K, ... D, Bakaeen FG. Coronary insufficiency In: Townsend CM Jr, Beauchamp RD, Evers BM, Mattox KL, eds. Sabiston ...

250

Examining the effectiveness of a restorative justice program for various types of juvenile offenders.  

PubMed

Restorative justice (RJ) programs have become widespread in the United States and in other countries. These programs are often seen as a viable alternative to traditional retributive processing, especially for minor, and sometimes more serious, forms of delinquency and adult criminality. The programs hold promise for achieving several goals, including increased community and victim involvement, greater satisfaction with the case outcomes, improved offender compliance, increased perceptions of fairness, and even recidivism reduction. Meta-analyses have demonstrated varying degrees of program success in recidivism reduction, which may in part reflect differential effectiveness of the RJ approach for various kinds of offenders. This study examined whether an RJ program for juvenile offenders had differential impacts on recidivism across various offender characteristics (including age, gender, racial group, offending history, and current offense). Results generally support the effectiveness of the program for many types of offenders. Implications for future research and potential improvements to the RJ model are discussed. PMID:22811474

Bergseth, Kathleen J; Bouffard, Jeffrey A

2013-09-01

251

Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers. — Measures of the Food Environment  

Cancer.gov

Skala K, Chuang RJ, Evans A, Hedberg AM, Dave J, Sharma S. Ethnic differences in the home food environment and parental food practices among families of low-income Hispanic and African-American preschoolers.

252

Supplementary Table 1. Examples of published proteogenomics studies for different Organism Reference  

E-print Network

, Schutz W, Jung S, Nordheim A, Sommer RJ, Macek B: Proteogenomics of Pristionchus pacificus reveals 2008, 320(5878):938-941. 3. Castellana NE, Payne SH, Shen ZX, Stanke M, Bafna V, Briggs SP: Discovery

Cai, Long

253

Andrew Hein Curriculum Vitae Andrew Stephen Hein 7 Ryehill Terrace  

E-print Network

focus on geochronology, glacial geology and sedimentology. I want to understand when and why glaciers. Nicholas R.J. Hulton and Professor Tibor J. Dunai. 2003 ­ 2004 MSc Geographical Information Science (GIS

254

Determinants of Intensity of Participation in Leisure and Recreational Activities by Youth With Cerebral Palsy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Palisano RJ, Orlin M, Chiarello LA, Oeffinger D, Polansky M, Maggs J, Gorton G, Bagley A, Tylkowski C, Vogel L, Abel M, Stevenson R. Determinants of intensity of participation in leisure and recreational activities by youth with cerebral palsy.

Robert J. Palisano; Margo Orlin; Lisa A. Chiarello; Donna Oeffinger; Marcy Polansky; Jill Maggs; George Gorton; Anita Bagley; Chester Tylkowski; Lawrence Vogel; Mark Abel; Richard Stevenson

2011-01-01

255

Pub List: Jim Bell 1 JAMES F. BELL III: PUBLICATIONS AS OF JANUARY 2014  

E-print Network

. Wang, C. Weitz, and S.W. Squyres, "Mars Exploration Rover Pancam Multispectral Imaging of Rocks, Soils. Soderblom, L.A. Soderblom, J.N. Sohl-Dickstein, R.J. Sullivan, C. Weitz, M.J. Wolff, Pancam multispectral

Rhoads, James

256

Water Relations assignment. Due Feb 1. 22 points Read the attached popular article from `Natural History' magazine, about sea snakes  

E-print Network

History' magazine, about sea snakes (Lillywhite, H.B 2009. A Long Drink of Water. Natural History. July this format: Author(s), year. Article title. Journal Volume:pages. For example: Mitchell, RJ, JD Karron, KG

Mitchell, Randall J.

257

Aspirin  

MedlinePLUS

... Practice Guidelines . Circulation . 2011 ; 123 : 2022 – 2060 . FREE Full Text 4. ? Antithrombotic Trialists' (ATT) Collaboration , Baigent C , Blackwell ... patients . BMJ . 2002 ; 324 : 71 – 86 . Abstract / FREE Full Text 6. ? Furie KL , Kasner SE , Adams RJ , Albers ...

258

Additional File Nested clade phylogeographic analysis  

E-print Network

, and nested clades were designated on the resulting networks (Fig. A1). GeoDis 2.5 [A8] was used to examine RC, Dyer RJ, Beheregaray LB, Sunnucks P: Babies and bathwater: a comment on the premature obituary

Pierce, Naomi E.

259

Optically pumped isotopic ammonia laser system  

DOEpatents

An optically pumped isotopic ammonia laser system which is capable of producing a plurality of frequencies in the middle infrared spectral region. Two optical pumping mechanisms are disclosed, i.e., pumping on R(J) and lasing on P(J) in response to enhancement of rotational cascade lasing including stimulated Raman effects, and, pumping on R(J) and lasing on P(J+2). The disclosed apparatus for optical pumping include a hole coupled cavity and a grating coupled cavity.

Buchwald, Melvin I. (Santa Fe, NM); Jones, Claude R. (Los Alamos, NM); Nelson, Leonard Y. (Seattle, WA)

1982-01-01

260

Identification of a Novel Hypocholesterolemic Protein, Major Royal Jelly Protein 1, Derived from Royal Jelly  

PubMed Central

Royal jelly (RJ) intake lowers serum cholesterol levels in animals and humans, but the active component in RJ that lowers serum cholesterol level and its molecular mechanism are unclear. In this study, we set out to identify the bile acid-binding protein contained in RJ, because dietary bile acid-binding proteins including soybean protein and its peptide are effective in ameliorating hypercholesterolemia. Using a cholic acid-conjugated column, we separated some bile acid-binding proteins from RJ and identified the major RJ protein 1 (MRJP1), MRJP2, and MRJP3 as novel bile acid-binding proteins from RJ, based on matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Purified MRJP1, which is the most abundant protein of the bile acid-binding proteins in RJ, exhibited taurocholate-binding activity in vitro. The micellar solubility of cholesterol was significantly decreased in the presence of MRJP1 compared with casein in vitro. Liver bile acids levels were significantly increased, and cholesterol 7?-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) mRNA and protein tended to increase by MRJP1 feeding compared with the control. CYP7A1 mRNA and protein levels were significantly increased by MRJP1 tryptic hydrolysate treatment compared with that of casein tryptic hydrolysate in hepatocytes. MRJP1 hypocholesterolemic effect has been investigated in rats. The cholesterol-lowering action induced by MRJP1 occurs because MRJP1 interacts with bile acids induces a significant increase in fecal bile acids excretion and a tendency to increase in fecal cholesterol excretion and also enhances the hepatic cholesterol catabolism. We have identified, for the first time, a novel hypocholesterolemic protein, MRJP1, in RJ. Interestingly, MRJP1 exhibits greater hypocholesterolemic activity than the medicine ?-sitosterol in rats. PMID:25144734

Asai, Saori; Kusada, Mio; Watanabe, Suzuyo; Kawashima, Takuji; Nakamura, Tadashi; Shimada, Masaya; Goto, Tsuyoshi; Nagaoka, Satoshi

2014-01-01

261

Video Phone 4.3 Inch LCD Display, Touch Screen , RemoCon  

E-print Network

Connector · Network Interface ­ Two(2) 10/100Mbps Fast Ethernet (RJ45) ­ One(1) RS-232C Interface (RJ45 Video In/Out Audio In/Out Fast Ethernet (LAN,WAN) RS232C Console #12;6 · Various Video Networking Number Register Recent Call Speed Dial IrDA RemoCon #12;13 Network Setup OSD (VoIP, LAN, etc) Internet

262

C U R R I C U L U M V I T A E Dr. Rebecca Jo Safran  

E-print Network

Graw, K.M. Pilz, and S. Correa. Egg-yolk androgen and carotenoid deposition as a function of maternal vertebrate. Current Biology 18: R461-462. Rated by Faculty of 1000 as "Must Read" 13. Safran, R.J., K.M. Pilz., Safran, R.J., Vortman, Y, Lotem, A, McGowan, A, Evans, M, and Lovette I. Population genetics of migratory

Safran, Rebecca

263

Rates of spontaneous reactivation and aging of acetyicholinesterase in human erythrocytes after inhibition by organophosphorus pesticides  

Microsoft Academic Search

The in vitro rates of spontaneous reactivation and aging in human erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase were studied after inhibition by a dimethoxy (RjR2) and diethoxy substituted (RjR2) organophosphate pesticide (OP) of general structure R1R2P(O)X. These have been compared with data for human plasma cholinesterase previously reported using a similar methodology.A significantly slower rate of aging for erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase was found compared to

H. J. Mason; C. Sams; A. J. Stevenson; R. Rawbone

2000-01-01

264

Determination and changes of free amino acids in royal jelly during storage  

Microsoft Academic Search

Free amino acids (FAAs) in royal jelly (RJ) were determined and their identification was confirmed with mass spectrometric detection (GC-MS). The presence of D-aminoacids was evaluated using GC with a chiral column. The total FAA content was 7.3 mg\\/g RJ on average; the major FAAs were proline, lysine, glutamate, ?-alanine, phenylalanine, aspartate and serine. The concentration of FAAs of the

Maria Fiorenza; Anna Gloria; Gian Luigi; Viale G. Fanin

265

A assembléia de aves de áreas úmidas em dois sistemas de cultivo de arroz irrigado no extremo sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The wetland bird assemblage in two irrigated rice fields in southern Brazil. Seventeen wetland bird counts were conducted from November 1998 to March 1999 in two 52 ha rice paddies using no-tillage and \\

Rafael A. Dias; Maria Inês Burger

266

Predação de Opisthocomus hoazin por Spizaetus ornatus e de Bubulcus ibis por Bubo virginianus em Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predation of Cattle Egret by the Great Horned Owl and Hoazin by the Ornate Hawk-Eagle in western Tocantins State, Brazil. We report the predation of Hoazin Opisthocomus hoazin by an immature Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus, a new prey for this species in Brazil. The Ornate Hawk-Eagle roosted together with Hoazin assembly in branches of Sapium haematospermum, typical river borderline vegetation.

Túlio Dornas; Renato Torres Pinheiro

267

PLANEJAMENTO ESTRATÉGICO DE INFRA-ESTRUTURA E TRANSPORTE NA PROVISÃO DA IMPLANTAÇÃO DE AEROPORTOS-INDÚSTRIA NO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this research we objectify to identify and to evaluate the relation between an airport and the localization of an industrial park, in order to contribute with the public and private sectors in the decision of the airport-industry development. The national and regional economic conditions have forced the communities to develop industrial parks. An industrial airport is a basic part

Emilia Maria Mendonça Parentoni; Amaranto Lopes Pereira

268

Dogmatism and the "Knowledge Gap" among Users of the Mass Media of Communication: A Study in Brasilia, Brasil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study was conducted to discover whether (1) use of each of the print and broadcast media could be correlated with subjects' knowledge level, and (2) whether controlling for dogmatism would increase the proportion of media users, with higher levels of knowledge among those less dogmatic, and decrease the proportion among the more dogmatic.…

Simmons, Robert E.; Garda, Eduardo Carlos

269

Inventário de macroliquens epífi tos sobre árvores utilizadas na arborização urbana em Curitiba, Paraná, Brasil: Subsídio para biomonitoramento urbano  

Microsoft Academic Search

Inventory of epiphytic macrolichens on trees used in urban arborization in Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. The fl oristic composition of epiphytic macrolichens on the following tree species used in urban arborization in Curitiba was analysed: Acer negundo , Lagerstroemia indica , Ligustrum lucidum , Parapiptadenia rigida , Cassia leptophylla , Syagrus romanzofÞ ana , Tabebuia alba , Tabebuia chrysotricha , Tabebuia

Sionara Eliasaro; Patrícia Wolf Veiga; Cristine Gobel Donha; Lucas Nogueira

2009-01-01

270

Ajuste estructural y política agrícola en el Brasil. Experiencias de los ochenta y perspectivas para los noventa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introducción. A fines de la década de los setenta la economía brasileña sufrió un creciente deterioro de su situación externa, lo que rompió el equilibrio del proceso de crecimiento económico de los años setenta, conocido como \\

Fernando DallAcqua

1992-01-01

271

[Seasonal evaluation of mammal species richness and abundance in the "Mário Viana" municipal reserve, Mato Grosso, Brasil].  

PubMed

We evaluated seasonal species presence and richness, and abundance of medium and large sized mammalian terrestrial fauna in the "Mário Viana" Municipal Biological Reserve, Nova Xavantina, Mato Grosso, Brazil. During 2001, two monthly visits were made to an established transect, 2,820 m in length. Records of 22 mammal species were obtained and individual footprint sequences quantified for seasonal calculation of species richness and relative abundance index (x footprints/km traveled). All 22 species occurred during the rainy season, but only 18 during the dry season. Pseudalopex vetulus (Lund, 1842) (hoary fox), Eira barbara (Linnaeus, 1758) (tayra), Puma concolor (Linnaeus, 1771) (cougar) and Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris (Linnaeus, 1766) (capybara) were only registered during the rainy season. The species diversity estimated using the Jackknife procedure in the dry season (19.83, CI = 2.73) was smaller than in the rainy season (25.67, CI = 3.43). Among the 18 species common in the two seasons, only four presented significantly different abundance indexes: Dasypus novemcinctus Linnaeus, 1758 (nine-banded armadillo), Euphractus sexcinctus (Linnaeus, 1758) (six-banded armadillo), Dasyprocta azarae Lichtenstein, 1823 (Azara's Agouti) and Tapirus terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758) (tapir). On the other hand, Priodontes maximus (Kerr, 1792) (giant armadillo) and Leopardus pardalis (Linnaeus, 1758) (ocelot) had identical abundance index over the two seasons. Distribution of species abundance in the sampled area followed the expected pattern for communities in equilibrium, especially in the rainy season, suggesting that the environment still maintains good characteristics for mammal conservation. The present study shows that the reserve, although only 470 ha in size, plays an important role for conservation of mastofauna of the area as a refuge in an environment full of anthropic influence (mainly cattle breeding in exotic pasture). PMID:18491629

Rocha, Ednaldo Cândido; Silva, Elias; Martins, Sebastião Venâncio; Barreto, Francisco Cândido Cardoso

2006-09-01

272

La efectividad de las redes de protección social: El rol de los sistemas integrados de información social en Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Este trabajo forma parte de una serie de estudios realizados en el marco del proyecto “La efectividad de las redes de protección social: El rol de los sistemas integrados de información social”. Los estudios de caso fueron realizados en el período 2007-08. Se agradecen los comentarios de Amélia Cohn, Lúcia Maria Modesto Pereira y Paulo de Martino Jannuzzi. El texto

Leticia Bartholo; Ricardo Rodrigues Dutra

2011-01-01

273

Avaliação das dimensões transversais e análise da resistência à fratura de mini-implantes ortodônticos fabricados no Brasil.  

E-print Network

??Este trabalho visou esclarecer pontos referentes à resistência mecânica destes dispositivos e sua relação com algumas medidas transversais dos mini-implantes auto-perfurantes de diversos diâmetros de… (more)

Flávio Paiva Gadêlha

2007-01-01

274

Impacto da febre aftosa no preço da arroba do boi gordo, recebido pelo produtor no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study was to identify some facts that had influenced the fatcow arroba prices received by producers as well as carrying through estimates of these prices for a period of four months beginning in May 2007. It was used methodology idealized by Box-Jenkins (1976). The results demonstrated that the series in question (01\\/1996-05\\/2007) presents a structural breaking

Gibran da Silva Teixeira; Sinezio Fernandes Maia

2008-01-01

275

A INFLUÊNCIA DA FEBRE AFTOSA NO PREÇO DE MERCADO DA ARROBA DO BOI GORDO RECEBIDO PELO PRODUTOR NO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

O presente estudo tem como objetivo identificar alguns fatos que influenciaram os preços da arroba do boi gordo recebido pelo produtor bem como realizar estimativas desses preços para um período de quatro meses a partir de maio de 2007. Para tanto, utilizou-se a metodologia idealizada por Box-Jenkins (1976). Os resultados demonstraram que a série em questão (01\\/1996-05\\/2007) apresenta uma quebra

Gibran da Silva Teixeira; Sinezio Fernandes Maia

2008-01-01

276

A RENOVAÇÃO DO CURRÍCULO DO ENSINO SECUNDÁRIO NO BRASIL: as últimas batalhas pelo humanismo (1920-1960)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The text analyzes the debates put forward in the defense for a humanist curriculum in the Brazilian secondary schools me the period from 1920 and 1960. Basing on the articles published in the periodic of national circulating and texts by educators who problematize the question f humanism as the orientation guide for the curriculum, the text highlights the positions of

Rosa Fátima de Souza

277

Aspectos das práticas alimentares e da atividade física como determinantes do crescimento do sobrepeso\\/obesidade no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from Brazilian national surveys conduct- ed since the 1970s have indicated an increase in the prevalence of overweight\\/obesity. The two most frequently cited causes of this trend have been dietary changes and reduction in physical activity, characterizing a \\

Cristina Pinheiro Mendonça; Luiz Antonio dos Anjos

2004-01-01

278

Alteração estrutural de áreas de florestas exploradas convencionalmente em planos de manejo, nos domínios de floresta Atlântica, Minas Gerais, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present study was to analyze the changes in the horizontal, diametric and internal structures in conventionally exploited areas of forest management plans. Indicators and verifiers were used having as control the legal reserve area. After the forest harvest period of each FMP and comparing the forest management areas with the legal reserve areas with respect to

Danilo José da Silva Coelho; Agostinho Lopes de Souza; Carlos Pedro Boechat Soares; João Augusto Alves Meira Neto; Helio Garcia Leite

2007-01-01

279

Observações sobre o comportamento reprodutivo de Ictinia plumbea (Falconiformes: Accipitridae) no Campus da Universidade Estadual de Maringá, Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Observations on breeding behavior of Ictinia plumbea (Falconiformes: Accipitridae) in the Campus of the Maringá State University, Paraná State, Brazil. The breeding behavior of Ictinia plumbea (Falconiformes: Accipitridae) was studied in the Campus of the Maringá State University, Paraná State, Brazil. Two nests of Ictinia plumbea were found in the Campus of the Maringá State University, Paraná State, southern Brazil

Alan Loures-Ribeiro; Márcio Rodrigo Gimenes

280

Fraudes corporativas : uma análise das variáveis contábeis indicativas em empresas não financeiras de capital aberto no Brasil.  

E-print Network

??Trabalhos científicos com ferramental estatístico em contabilidade, utilizando variáveis contábeis indicativas, deram seus primeiros passos no estudo das fraudes corporativas no exterior no início da… (more)

Renato Ros

2011-01-01

281

Arquitetura e desempenho luminoso: CENPES II, o novo centro de pesquisas da Petrobras, no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tel.: (11) 3091-4681 E-mail: annamiana@uol.com.br This paper presents the results of the performance evaluation in terms of daylighting of the Petrobras New Research Centre (CENPES II) building design in the tropical climate of Rio Janeiro, Brazil, under a typical partially cloudy and bright sky. The architectural design encompasses an área over 100,000 m2, distributed among ten new buildings. According to

Norberto Corrêa; Silva Moura; Anna Christina Mian; Denise Helena Silva Duarte; Norberto Corrêa da Silva

282

Contribuição ao conhecimento taxonômico de Terebellidae e Trichobranchidae (Annelida: Polychaeta) da região Sudeste-Sul do Brasil.  

E-print Network

??A presente Dissertação é resultado de um levantamento taxonômico das espécies de poliquetas das famílias Terebellidae e Trichobranchidae, coletadas pelos projetos \\"A Biodiversidade de Poliquetas… (more)

Tarsila Montrezoro Alves

2008-01-01

283

SEGURO RURAL NO BRASIL: EXPERIÊNCIAS E PROPOSIÇÕES PARA UM MODELO INTEGRADO DE GESTÃO DO RISCO AGRÍCOLA (MIGRA)  

Microsoft Academic Search

O seguro rural apresenta-se com um instrumento para o desenvolvimento do setor agrícola, protegendo o produtor rural dos efeitos adversos de eventos ambientais e do mercado tornando-se indispensável à estabilidade da renda, à geração de emprego e ao desenvolvimento tecnológico. Nesse sentido, sugere-se a consideração de um conjunto de indicadores que podem influir positivamente no processo de mitigação dos riscos

Pedro Abel Junior Silveira; Antonio Marcio Buaunain; Maria Alejandra Caporale Madi; Adriana Carvalho Pinto Vieira; Raquel Pereira Souza; Andrea Leda Ramos De Oliveira Ojima; Jose Maria Ferreira Jardim Da Veira

2008-01-01

284

Sensing Coupling Paths in an Equipment 1 Andrea Cozza, 2 Charlie Galle, 2 Jean-Pierre Brasile, 2 Christian Carel  

E-print Network

needs to be protected from exter- nal interferences, its shielding takes a central role in the design resolution of a half-wavelength. By monitoring the level of energy transmitted through the shielding phase. Applications requiring an attentive shielding design range from electromagnetic compatibility

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

285

Extração de batimetria por sensoriamento remoto de áreas rasas dos sistemas estuarinos do Estado do Paraná - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Satellite images offers, at low costs, bathymetric maps of areas that are difficult to cover for traditional hydrographic methods. In the north area of the Estuarine Complex of Paranaguá the last bathymetric update was made in the 50's, and in the inner part of the Guaratuba Bay there are no bathymetric data. A bathymetric mapping of these areas, even without

Lilian Anne Krug

2005-01-01

286

Novas observações e dados reprodutivos do pato-mergulhão Mergus octosetaceus na região do Jalapão, Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Endangered Brazilian Merganser Mergus octosetaceus is currently largely restricted to clear-water rivers and streams with rapids in the Brazilian Cerrado. The main extant populations occur in Minas Gerais, where the species is rather well known, Goiás and Tocantins states. In the Jalapão region of eastern Tocantins, six expeditions searching for mergansers were made in 2007 and 2008, along a

Marcelo de Oliveira Barbosa; Marissônia Lopes de Almeida

287

AS PEQUENAS E MÉDIAS EMPRESAS NO BRASIL E NA CHINA: UMA ANÁLISE COMPARATIVA AUTORES JOSÉ GUILHERME FERRAZ DE CAMPOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The importance of entrepreneurship in Brazil has increased, as occurs in developed countries where the entrepreneurs represent a significant portion that drives the economy. Among the BRICs, Brazil follows after China, which presents a vigorous expansion of its economy and the entrepreneurship is one of the drivers of this growth. The Small and Medium Enterprises

AUGUSTO TAKERISSA NISHIMURA; HEIDY R. RAMOS; RODRIGO LEANDRO CHEREZ

288

The Effect of Topical Application of Royal Jelly on Chemoradiotherapy-Induced Mucositis in Head and Neck Cancer: A Preliminary Study  

PubMed Central

Purpose. One of the common side effects experienced by head and neck cancer patients on chemoradiotherapy is mucositis. Severe mucositis may be controllable by limiting cancer therapy, but it has resulted in decreasing the completion rate of chemoradiotherapy. The efficacy of royal jelly (RJ) as prophylaxis against chemoradiotherapy-induced mucositis was evaluated through clinical scoring of oral and pharyngeal mucositis. Methods. In this randomized, single-blind (physician-blind), clinical trial, 13 patients with head and neck cancer requiring chemoradiation were randomly assigned to two groups. Seven patients assigned to the study group received RJ, and 6 patients were assigned to the control group. RJ group patients took RJ three times per day during treatment. The patients in both groups were evaluated twice a week for the development of mucositis using Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. Results. A significant reduction in mucositis was seen among RJ-treated patients compared with controls (P < 0.001). Conclusion. This study demonstrated that prophylactic use of RJ was effective in reducing mucositis induced by chemoradiotherapy in head and neck cancer patients. However, further studies are needed because of the small sample size and the absence of double blinding. PMID:25400667

Kogashiwa, Yasunao; Moro, Yorihisa; Kohno, Naoyuki

2014-01-01

289

Protective potential of Royal Jelly against carbon tetrachloride induced-toxicity and changes in the serum sialic acid levels.  

PubMed

Royal Jelly (RJ) is used in the Turkish folk medicine for the treatment of number of disorders. The present study describes the hepatoprotective and antioxidant activities of the RJ against carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4))-induced acute liver damage. Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the experiment. CCl(4) (0.8 ml/kg; s.c.) and RJ (50, 100, 200mg/kg; orally) were given every other day, for 20 days. Malondialdehyde, reduced glutathione in whole blood and tissues; ceruloplasmin, sialic acid, ascorbic acid, retinol, ?-carotene and liver enzymes levels in serum were measured. Additionally, histopathological alterations in the liver were examined. RJ exerted the significant protective effect on liver damage as well as on oxidative stress induced by CCl(4), resulting in reduced lipid peroxidation and improved endogenous antioxidant defence systems. It also reduced the elevated levels of liver enzymes. Histopathological study further confirmed the hepatoprotective effect of RJ, when compared with the CCl(4) treated control groups. In conclusion, present study reveals biological evidence that supports the use of RJ in the treatment of chemical-induced hepatotoxicity. PMID:20637822

Cemek, Mustafa; Aymelek, Fatih; Büyükokuro?lu, Mehmet Emin; Karaca, Turan; Büyükben, Ahmet; Yilmaz, Fatma

2010-10-01

290

Royal jelly ameliorates insulin resistance in fructose-drinking rats.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is known to contain excellent nutrition and a variety of biological activities. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of RJ on insulin resistance (hyperinsulinemia) in fructose-drinking rats (FDR; insulin resistance animal model). Male Wistar rats (6 weeks old) received 15% fructose solution in drinking water for 8 weeks. FDR showed significant increases in plasma levels of insulin and triglyceride, Homeostasis Model Assessment ratio (HOMA-R, an index of insulin resistance), and systolic blood pressure, but not blood glucose levels, when compared with control rats. RJ (100, 300 mg/kg, p.o.) treatment for 8 weeks significantly decreased the plasma levels of insulin and triglyceride, HOMA-R, without affecting blood glucose or total cholesterol levels and tended to lower systolic blood pressure. In isolated and perfused mesenteric vascular beds of FDR, RJ treatment resulted in a significant reduction in sympathetic nerve-mediated vasoconstrictor response to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and tended to increase the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) nerve-mediated vasodilator response to PNS, compared with those in untreated FDR. However, RJ treatment did not significantly affect norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction or CGRP-induced vasodilation. These results suggest that RJ could be an effective functional food to prevent insulin resistance associated with the development of hypertension. PMID:18981581

Zamami, Yoshito; Takatori, Shingo; Goda, Mitsuhiro; Koyama, Toshihiro; Iwatani, Yukiko; Jin, Xin; Takai-Doi, Shima; Kawasaki, Hiromu

2008-11-01

291

Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. XI. CoRoT-8b: a hot and dense sub-Saturn around a K1 dwarf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: We report the discovery of CoRoT-8b, a dense small Saturn-class exoplanet that orbits a K1 dwarf in 6.2 days, and we derive its orbital parameters, mass, and radius. Methods: We analyzed two complementary data sets: the photometric transit curve of CoRoT-8b as measured by CoRoT and the radial velocity curve of CoRoT-8 as measured by the HARPS spectrometer. Results: We find that CoRoT-8b is on a circular orbit with a semi-major axis of 0.063 ± 0.001 AU. It has a radius of 0.57 ± 0.02 RJ, a mass of 0.22 ± 0.03 MJ, and therefore a mean density of 1.6 ± 0.1 g cm-3. Conclusions: With 67% of the size of Saturn and 72% of its mass, CoRoT-8b has a density comparable to that of Neptune (1.76 g cm-3). We estimate its content in heavy elements to be 47-63 {M}_?, and the mass of its hydrogen-helium envelope to be 7-23 {M}_?. At 0.063 AU, the thermal loss of hydrogen of CoRoT-8b should be no more than 0.1% over an assumed integrated lifetime of 3 Ga. Observations made with SOPHIE spectrograph at Observatoire de Haute Provence, France (PNP.07B.MOUT), and the HARPS spectrograph at ESO La Silla Observatory (081.C-0388 and 083.C-0186). The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27, 2006, has been developed and is operated by the CNES with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany, and Spain.Both data sets are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/520/A66

Bordé, P.; Bouchy, F.; Deleuil, M.; Cabrera, J.; Jorda, L.; Lovis, C.; Csizmadia, S.; Aigrain, S.; Almenara, J. M.; Alonso, R.; Auvergne, M.; Baglin, A.; Barge, P.; Benz, W.; Bonomo, A. S.; Bruntt, H.; Carone, L.; Carpano, S.; Deeg, H.; Dvorak, R.; Erikson, A.; Ferraz-Mello, S.; Fridlund, M.; Gandolfi, D.; Gazzano, J.-C.; Gillon, M.; Guenther, E.; Guillot, T.; Guterman, P.; Hatzes, A.; Havel, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lammer, H.; Léger, A.; Mayor, M.; Mazeh, T.; Moutou, C.; Pätzold, M.; Pepe, F.; Ollivier, M.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Rouan, D.; Samuel, B.; Santerne, A.; Schneider, J.; Tingley, B.; Udry, S.; Weingrill, J.; Wuchterl, G.

2010-09-01

292

Determination of royal jelly freshness by ELISA with a highly specific anti-apalbumin 1, major royal jelly protein 1 antibody*  

PubMed Central

Major royal jelly protein 1 (MRJP1), designated apalbumin 1, has been regarded as a freshness marker of royal jelly (RJ). A MRJP1-specific peptide (IKEALPHVPIFD) identified by bioinformatics analysis of homologous members of the major royal protein family was synthesized and used to raise polyclonal anti-MRJP1 antibody (anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody). Western blot analysis showed that anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody only reacted with MRJP1 in RJ. In contrast, the previously reported antibody against recombinant MRJP1 (anti-R-MRJP1 antibody) reacted with other members of MRJP family in RJ. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody demonstrated that MRJP1 content in RJ stored at 40 °C significantly degraded by 37.3%, 55.9%, 58.0%, 60.6%, 65.7%, 72.7%, and 73.1% at 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, and 49 d, respectively, when compared with MRJP1 content in fresh RJ (0 d). Optical density analysis of MRJP bands from sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) profiles demonstrated that the degradation of MRJP1, MRJP2, MRJP3, and MRJP5 in RJ was strongly and positively correlated with the period of storage (P<0.0001). Our results indicated anti-SP-MRJP1 antibody was highly specific for MRJP1, and ELISA using the antibody is a sensitive and easy-to-use method to determine the freshness and authenticity of RJ. PMID:25644470

Shen, Li-rong; Wang, Yi-ran; Zhai, Liang; Zhou, Wen-xiu; Tan, Liang-liang; Li, Mei-lu; Liu, Dan-dan; Xiao, Fa

2015-01-01

293

Royal jelly increases collagen production in rat skin after ovariectomy.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is a honeybee product that contains proteins, carbohydrates, fats, free amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. RJ has been reported to have antitumor, antibacterial, and wound-healing activities. We previously reported that RJ enhanced the migration of human dermal fibroblasts and altered the levels of cholesterol and sphinganine in an in vitro wound-healing model in addition to regulating skin photoaging following exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation. We established an animal model of skin aging in the context of estrogen deficiency and assessed the antiaging effects of RJ on skin. To establish an in vivo model of skin aging, bilateral ovariectomies were performed in 12-week-old virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats. Induction of osteoporosis was confirmed through two-dimensional images of the trabecular bone in the left femoral necks using microcomputed tomography. The protective effects of RJ ovariectomy-induced skin aging were examined by determining the protein expression of type I procollagen and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1. The collagen content and epidermal thickness of skin tissue were measured by staining techniques. There was a significant difference in weight between sham-operated and ovariectomized groups. Food efficiency ratio did not differ significantly among the groups. The level of procollagen type I protein was increased in the dorsal skin of ovariectomized rats fed with a dietary supplement containing 1% RJ extract, but the level of MMP-1 was not altered. In particular, the amount of collagen recovered was close to the normal level. RJ may protect against skin aging by enhancing collagen production in rats with ovariectomy-induced estrogen deficiency. PMID:22468645

Park, Hye Min; Cho, Min Hyoung; Cho, Yunhi; Kim, Sun Yeou

2012-06-01

294

Genetic diversity and geographical distribution of indigenous soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia in the United States.  

PubMed

We investigated the relationship between the genetic diversity of indigenous soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia and their geographical distribution in the United States using nine soil isolates from eight states. The bradyrhizobia were inoculated on three soybean Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj(2)Rj(3), and Rj(4)). We analyzed their genetic diversity and community structure by means of restriction fragment length polymorphisms of PCR amplicons to target the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region, using 11 USDA Bradyrhizobium strains as reference strains. We also performed diversity analysis, multidimensional scaling analysis based on the Bray-Curtis index, and polar ordination analysis to describe the structure and geographical distribution of the soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobial community. The major clusters were Bradyrhizobium japonicum Bj123, in the northern United States, and Bradyrhizobium elkanii, in the middle to southern regions. Dominance of bradyrhizobia in a community was generally larger for the cluster belonging to B. elkanii than for the cluster belonging to B. japonicum. The indigenous American soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobial community structure was strongly correlated with latitude. Our results suggest that this community varies geographically. PMID:23563944

Shiro, Sokichi; Matsuura, Syota; Saiki, Rina; Sigua, Gilbert C; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki; Saeki, Yuichi

2013-06-01

295

Royal Jelly alleviates sperm toxicity and improves in vitro fertilization outcome in Stanozolol-treated mice  

PubMed Central

Background: Stanozolol (ST) is a synthetic anabolic-androgenic steroid often abused by athletes. An increasing body of evidence points towards the role of ST misuses in the pathogenesis of a wide range of adverse effects including reprotoxicity. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze the possible reproprotective effect of royal jelly (RJ) as an efficient antioxidant in ST-treated mice. Materials and Methods: Adult male mice were divided into four groups (n=5). Two groups of mice received ST (4.6 mg/kg/day) via gavage for 35 days. RJ was given orally to one of these groups at the dose level of 100 mg/kg body weight per day synchronously. Untreated control group and RJ-only treated group were also included. Epididymal sperm characteristics and in vitro fertilizing capacity were evaluated after 35 days. Results: ST treatment caused a significant (p<0.05) decrease in sperm count and motility and fertilization rate along with poor blastocyst formation and increased sperm DNA damage. Moreover, the incidence of apoptosis and abnormality in spermatozoa was significantly (p<0.05) higher in ST-exposed mice than those of control. The above-mentioned parameters were restored to near normal level by RJ co-administration. Conclusion: Data from the current study suggest that RJ has a potential repro-protective action against ST-induced reproductive toxicity in mice. However, clinical studies are warranted to investigate such an effect in human subjects. PMID:25653671

Shalizar Jalali, Ali; Najafi, Gholamreza; Hosseinchi, Mohammadreza; Sedighnia, Ashkan

2015-01-01

296

The efficacy of topical royal jelly on healing of diabetic foot ulcers: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.  

PubMed

Foot ulcers are major sources of morbidity in individuals with diabetes mellitus. As royal jelly (RJ, a worker honey bee product) contains enzymatic, antibacterial and vasodilative properties, it can potentially help healing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of topical RJ on healing of DFUs. Diabetic patients with foot ulcers who were referred to us at Khorshid Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, were managed by offloading, infection control, vascular improvement and debridement (if required). Then, all ulcers were randomly selected to receive either 5% sterile topical RJ or placebo on their total surface area. Patients were followed for 3?months or until complete healing. Twenty-five patients (6 females and 19 males) and a total of 64 ulcers were included and randomly allocated in case or control group (32 per group). Four ulcers were excluded and 60 ulcers included in final analysis. Healing parameters including depth, length and width reduction rate, duration of complete healing and incidence of complete healing did not prove any significant difference (P?=?0·69, 0·95, 0·7, 0·74 and 0·6, respectively) between groups. We did not observe any side effect of topical RJ application. This study could not confirm any significant superiority of 5% topical RJ on placebo for treatment of DFUs. PMID:23566071

Siavash, Mansour; Shokri, Saeideh; Haghighi, Sepehr; Shahtalebi, Mohammad Ali; Farajzadehgan, Ziba

2013-04-01

297

Towards functional proteomics of minority component of honeybee royal jelly: the effect of post-translational modifications on the antimicrobial activity of apalbumin2.  

PubMed

This study illustrates multifunctionality of proteins of honeybee royal jelly (RJ) and how their neofunctionalization result from various PTMs of maternal proteins. Major proteins of RJ, designated as apalbumins belong to a protein family consisting of nine members with M(r) of 49-87 kDa and they are accompanied by high number of minority homologs derived from maternal apalbumins. In spite of many data on diversity of apalbumins, the molecular study of their individual minority homologous is still missing. This work is a contribution to functional proteomics of second most abundant protein of RJ apalbumin2 (M(r) 52.7 kDa). We have purified a minority protein from RJ; named as apalbumin2a, differ from apalbumin2 in M(r) (48.6 kDa), in N-terminal amino acids sequences - ENSPRN and in N-linked glycans. Characterization of apalbumin2a by LC-MALDI TOF/TOF MS revealed that it is a minority homolog of the major basic royal jelly protein, apalbumin2, carrying two fully occupied N-glycosylation sites, one with high-mannose structure, HexNAc2Hex9, and another carrying complex type antennary structures, HexNAc4Hex3 and HexNAc5Hex4. We have found that apalbumin2a inhibit growth of Paenibacillus larvae. The obtained data call attention to functional plasticity of RJ proteins with potential impact on functional proteomics in medicine. PMID:19322786

Bíliková, Katarína; Mirgorodskaya, Ekaterina; Bukovská, Gabriela; Gobom, Johan; Lehrach, Hans; Simúth, Jozef

2009-04-01

298

Immunochemical approach to detection of adulteration in honey: physiologically active royal jelly protein stimulating TNF-alpha release is a regular component of honey.  

PubMed

The presence of royal jelly (RJ) proteins in honey collected from nectars of different plants, origin, and regions and in honeybee's pollen was detected by Western-blot analysis using polyclonal antibodies raised against water-soluble RJ-proteins. The most abundant RJ-protein in honeybee products corresponded to a 55 kDa protein. The N-terminal amino acid sequence of 55 kDa protein was N-I-L-R-G-E. This sequence is identical to the apalbumin-1, the most abundant protein of RJ. Apalbumin-1 is a regular component of honeybee products and thus is a suitable marker tool for proving adulteration of honey by means of immunochemical detection. Its presence in all tested samples of honeys and honeybee pollen was confirmed also by Western-blot analysis using polyclonal antibodies raised against recombinant apalbumin-1. It has been found that major RJ-proteins, apalbumin-1, and apalbumin-2, stimulate mouse macrophages to release TNF-alpha, which demonstrates that physiologically active proteins of honey could be used for its biological valuation. PMID:15080614

Simúth, Jozef; Bíliková, Katarína; Kovácová, Elena; Kuzmová, Zuzana; Schroder, Wolfgang

2004-04-21

299

Detection of royal jelly adulteration using carbon and nitrogen stable isotope ratio analysis.  

PubMed

Stable isotope ratios ((13)C/(12)C and (15)N/(14)N) were measured in royal jelly (RJ) samples by isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS) to evaluate authenticity and adulteration. Carbon and nitrogen isotope contents (given as delta values relative to a standard, delta(13)C, delta(15)N) of RJ samples from various European origins and samples from commercial sources were analyzed. Uniform delta(13)C values from -26.7 to -24.9 per thousand were observed for authentic RJ from European origins. Values of delta(15)N ranged from -1.1 to 5.8 per thousand depending on the plant sources of nectars and pollen. High delta(13)C values of several commercial RJ samples from -20.8 to -13.3 per thousand indicated adulteration with high fructose corn syrup (HFCS) as a sugar source. Use of biotechnologically produced yeast powder as protein source for the adulterated samples was assumed as delta(15)N values were lower, as described for C(4) or CAM plant sources. RJ samples from authentic and from adulterated production were distinguished. The rapid and reliable method is suitable for urgent actual requirements in food monitoring. PMID:16345127

Stocker, A; Rossmann, A; Kettrup, A; Bengsch, E

2006-01-01

300

A "clean cigarette" for a clean nation: a case study of Salem Pianissimo in Japan  

PubMed Central

Objective: To illustrate, through internal industry documents, how RJ Reynolds exploited the concerns of the Japanese society about cleanliness to market the concept of cleaner, implicitly healthier cigarettes in Japan. Design: Systematic keyword and opportunistic website searches of formerly private internal industry documents. Results: Industry documents show that RJ Reynolds developed marketing plans based upon their cultural assumptions of Japanese people as fastidious about hygiene and manners, and with relatively high penchants to try new products. RJ Reynolds found there was also a growing concern for health, the environment, and smokers were conscious about annoying others. Deodorised consumer products were one of Japan's biggest trends. These characteristics presented RJ Reynolds with a profitable formula for marketing Salem Pianissimo, a clean cigarette with less smell and smoke. Salem Pianissimo, a 100 mm cigarette claiming to contain 1 mg tar and 0.1 mg nicotine, targeted women since menthol cigarettes were popular among 18–24 year old female smokers, although Japan's law prohibited those below 20 years to smoke and the tobacco industry had a voluntary code disallowing advertising to women and youth. Conclusion: RJ Reynolds successfully launched its clean cigarette, Salem Pianissimo, in Japan aiming to exploit perceived cultural characteristics such as a penchant for cleanliness, an eagerness to try new products, and social harmony. PMID:15564222

Assunta, M; Chapman, S

2004-01-01

301

Identification of AMP N1-oxide in royal jelly as a component neurotrophic toward cultured rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells.  

PubMed

An extract of royal jelly (RJ) induced processes from cultured rat pheochromocytoma PC12 cells. Active components were isolated, and identified as adenosine monophosphate (AMP) and AMP N1-oxide. AMP N1-oxide was more than 20 times as active as AMP, judging from the minimal concentration to elicit activity. AMP N1-oxide was thought to be responsible for about half of the process-forming activity of whole RJ. Chemically-synthesized AMP N1-oxide was active similarly to the molecule purified from RJ, confirming AMP N1-oxide as the active entity. AMP N1-oxide also suppressed proliferation of PC12 cells and stimulated expression of neurofilament M, a specific protein of mature neurons, demonstrating the stimulatory activity of AMP N1-oxide to induce neuronal differentiation of PC12 cells. Pharmacological experiments suggested that AMP N1-oxide actions are mediated by adenyl cyclase-coupled adenosine receptors, including A2A. Thus AMP N1-oxide is a key molecule that characterizes RJ, and is not found in natural products other than RJ. PMID:16636457

Hattori, Noriko; Nomoto, Hiroshi; Mishima, Satoshi; Inagaki, Shinsuke; Goto, Masashi; Sako, Magoichi; Furukawa, Shoei

2006-04-01

302

Royal jelly and its unique fatty acid, 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid, promote neurogenesis by neural stem/progenitor cells in vitro.  

PubMed

Neural stem/progenitor cells (NSCs) proliferate vigorously as neurospheres in medium containing basic fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2), but start differentiating into neurons, astrocytes or oligodendrocytes in FGF-2-free medium. An extract of royal jelly (RJ) significantly increased the percentage in the total cell population of not only neurons immunoreactive for class III beta-tubulin (Tuj1) but also astrocytes immunoreactive for glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), and oligodendrocytes immunoreactive for 2',3'-cyclic nucleotide 3'-phosphodiesterase (CNPase) generated from NSCs, but decreased that of nestin-positive NSCs. These results highlight a novel and outstanding property of the RJ, i.e., that it facilitates the differentiation of all types of brain cells (neurons, astrocytes, and oligodendrocytes). On the other hand, 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (HDEA), an unsaturated fatty acid characteristic of RJ, increased the generation of neurons and decreased that of astrocytes from NSCs. These observations suggest that RJ contains plural components that differently influence neuronal and/or glial lineages and that HDEA is one of such components of RJ that facilitates neurogenesis by NSCs. PMID:18000339

Hattori, Noriko; Nomoto, Hiroshi; Fukumitsu, Hidefumi; Mishima, Satoshi; Furukawa, Shoei

2007-10-01

303

Efficacy of royal jelly against the oxidative stress of fumonisin in rats.  

PubMed

Fumonisins (FB) are mycotoxins produced by Fusarium verticillioides, frequently associated with corn. It produces toxicity, including teratogenicity, equine leukoencephalomalacia, porcine pulmonary edema, hepatic or renal damage in most animal species and perturb sphingolipid metabolism. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the protective effects of royal jelly (RJ) against FB toxicity. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into six treatment groups including the control group; group fed FB-contaminated diet (200mg/kg diet) and the groups treated orally with RJ (100 or 150mg/kg body weight) with or without FB for 3 weeks. FB alone decreased body weight gain, feed intake, GPX and SOD. Whereas it increased in ALT, AST, triglycerides, cholesterol, HDL, LDL, createnine and uric acid levels. Animals received FB showed severe histological and histochemical changes in liver and kidney tissues. Cotreatment with FB plus RJ resulted in a significant improvement in all the tested parameters and the histological and histochemical pictures of the liver and kidney. These improvements were pronounced in animals fed FB-contaminated diet plus the high dose of RJ. It could be concluded that RJ have a protective effects against FB toxicity and this protection was dose dependent. PMID:17490698

El-Nekeety, Aziza A; El-Kholy, Wafaa; Abbas, Naglaa F; Ebaid, Ahmad; Amra, Hassan A; Abdel-Wahhab, Mosaad A

2007-08-01

304

Antihypertensive effect of peptides from royal jelly in spontaneously hypertensive rats.  

PubMed

We have shown that Protease N treated Royal Jelly (ProRJ) and peptides from ProRJ (Ile-Tyr (IY), Val-Tyr (VY), Ile-Val-Tyr (IVY)) inhibited angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity and they have an antihypertensive effect in repeated oral administration for 28 d on spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). We investigated the contributive ratio of these peptides in ProRJ for antihypertensive effect in single oral administration on SHR. In single oral administration of each peptide and peptides mixture (MIX; IY, VY and IVY) at doses of 0.5, 1 and 10 mg/kg, systolic blood pressure (SBP) of SHR was reduced dose-dependently. This antihypertensive effect was held for 8 h. These results suggest that peptides contributed to the antihypertensive effect of ProRJ. And the contributive ratio of MIX in ProRJ for antihypertensive effect was computed to be about 38%. Therefore it is considered that intake of peptides, as a functional food would be beneficial for improving blood pressure in people with hypertension. PMID:14758031

Tokunaga, Katsu-hiko; Yoshida, Chie; Suzuki, Kazu-michi; Maruyama, Hiroe; Futamura, Yoshihiro; Araki, Yoko; Mishima, Satoshi

2004-02-01

305

Genetic Diversity and Geographical Distribution of Indigenous Soybean-Nodulating Bradyrhizobia in the United States  

PubMed Central

We investigated the relationship between the genetic diversity of indigenous soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia and their geographical distribution in the United States using nine soil isolates from eight states. The bradyrhizobia were inoculated on three soybean Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj2Rj3, and Rj4). We analyzed their genetic diversity and community structure by means of restriction fragment length polymorphisms of PCR amplicons to target the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region, using 11 USDA Bradyrhizobium strains as reference strains. We also performed diversity analysis, multidimensional scaling analysis based on the Bray-Curtis index, and polar ordination analysis to describe the structure and geographical distribution of the soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobial community. The major clusters were Bradyrhizobium japonicum Bj123, in the northern United States, and Bradyrhizobium elkanii, in the middle to southern regions. Dominance of bradyrhizobia in a community was generally larger for the cluster belonging to B. elkanii than for the cluster belonging to B. japonicum. The indigenous American soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobial community structure was strongly correlated with latitude. Our results suggest that this community varies geographically. PMID:23563944

Shiro, Sokichi; Matsuura, Syota; Saiki, Rina; Sigua, Gilbert C.; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki

2013-01-01

306

Dust measurements in the Jovian magnetosphere  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dust measurements have been obtained with the dust detector onboard the Galileo spacecraft inside a distance of about 60RJ from Jupiter (Jupiter radius, RJ = 71,492 km) during two periods of about 8 days around Galileo's closest approaches to Ganymede on 27 June and on 6 Sept 1996. The impact rate of submicrometer-sized particles fluctuated by a factor of several hundred with a period of about 10 hours, implying that their trajectories are strongly affected by the interaction with the Jovian magnetic field. Concentrations of small dust impacts were detected at the times of Ganymede closest approaches that could be secondary ejecta particles generated upon impact of other particles onto Ganymede's surface. Micrometer-sized dust particles, which could be on bound orbits about Jupiter, are concentrated in the inner Jovian system inside about 20RJ from Jupiter.

Grün, E.; Krüger, H.; Dermott, S.; Fechtig, H.; Graps, A. L.; Zook, H. A.; Gustafson, B. A.; Hamilton, D. P.; Hanner, M. S.; Heck, A.; Horányi, M.; Kissel, J.; Lindblad, B. A.; Linkert, D.; Linkert, G.; Mann, I.; McDonnell, J. A. M.; Morfill, G. E.; Polanskey, C.; Schwehm, G.; Srama, R.

1997-09-01

307

Temporal and spatial distribution of high energy electrons at Jupiter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements of the high energy, omni-directional electron environment by the Galileo spacecraft Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) were used to study the high energy electron environment in the Jovian magnetosphere, especially in the region between 8 to 18 Rj (1 Rj = 1 Jovian radius = 71,400 km). 10-minute averages of the EPD data collected between Jupiter orbit insertion (JOI) in 1995 and the orbit number 33 (I33) in 2002 form an extensive dataset, which has been extremely useful to observe temporal and spatial variability of the Jovian high energy electron environment. The count rates of the EPD electron channels (0.174, 0.304, 0.527, 1.5, 2.0, and 11 MeV) were grouped into 0.5 Rj or 0.5 L bins and analyzed statistically. The results indicate that: (1) a log-normal Gaussian distribution well describes the statistics of the high energy electron environment (for example, electron differential fluxes) in the Jovian magnetosphere, in the region studied here; (2) the high energy electron environments inferred by the Galileo EPD measurements are in a close agreement with the data obtained using the Divine model, which was developed more than 30 years ago from Pioneer 10, 11 and Voyager 1, 2 data; (3) the data are better organized when plotted against magnetic radial parameter L than Rj; (4) the standard deviations of the 0.174, 0.304, 0.527 MeV channel count rates are larger than those of the 1.5, 2.0, 11 MeV count rates in <12 Rj, and comparable in >12 Rj. These observations are very helpful to understand short- and long-term, and local variability of the Jovian high energy electron environment, and are discussed in detail.

Jun, I.; Garrett, H. B.; Ratliff, J. M.

2003-04-01

308

Pharmacological basis of traditional medicines and health supplements as curatives.  

PubMed

Traditional Oriental medicines and health supplements have been empirically used to treat various ailments but most of them have not been evaluated objectively to prove their efficacies. We have been investigating the medical benefits of traditional Oriental medicines and health supplements as alternatives and their varied actions and mechanisms by pharmacological approaches. The study on airway inflammation has shown that even a Kampo preparation, Bakumondo-to, has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, immunomodulatory, secretory-modulating, and metabolic regulatory actions. All of its actions are based on the restoration of normal molecular and cellular functions through DNA transcriptional regulation. In other previous studies, we showed that a health supplement, royal jelly (RJ) has weak estrogenic activity. RJ competes with 17beta-estradiol for binding to the human estrogen receptors alpha and beta, although it is much weaker than diethylstilbestrol in binding affinity. Treatment of MCF-7 cells with RJ enhances proliferation, and concomitant treatment with tamoxifen blocked this effect. A reporter gene assay showed that RJ enhanced transcription of the luciferase gene through the estrogen-responsive element in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, subcutaneous injection of RJ restored the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor gene in the uteri of ovariectomized rats. We suggest that the diverse pharmacological functions of RJ can be ascribed, in part, to its estrogenic effects. We hypothesize that traditional medicine, which has multiple actions, may be better than Western medicine of a single component to treat various diseases including "Mibyou" (presymptomatic disease). Our findings provide new ideas about the nature of disorders nd disease-state development that involve complicated mechanisms and will contribute to novel principles to prevent diseases and establish new treatments. Adoption of the means of translational research should provide an objective background for efficacy and stimulate broader application and usage of traditional medicines and health supplements. PMID:17287592

Miyata, Takeshi

2007-02-01

309

Novel approach to curatives of Mibyou (presymptomatic diseases).  

PubMed

  The traditional Oriental medicine and health supplement have been empirically practiced but most of them have not come through objective examination to prove their efficacy. From pharmacological aspect, we have been investigating the medical benefits of traditional Oriental medicines and health supplements as curatives and their varied actions and mechanisms. The study on airway inflammation has shown that even a Kampo preparation, Bakumondo-to, has anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, immunomodulatory, secretory-modulating and metabolic regulatory actions. The base of all its actions is founded on the restoration of normal molecular and cellular functions through DNA transcriptional regulation. In other previous studies, we showed that a health supplement, royal jelly (RJ) has weak estrogenic activity. RJ competes with 17?-estradiol for binding to the human estrogen receptors ? and ?, though it is much weaker than diethylstilbestrol in binding affinity. Treatment of MCF-7 cells with RJ enhances proliferation, and concomitant treatment with tamoxifen blocked this effect. A reporter gene assay showed that RJ enhanced transcription of the luciferase gene through the estrogen-responsive element in MCF-7 cells. Furthermore, subcutaneous injection of RJ restored the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor gene in the uteri of ovariectomized rats. We suggest that the diverse pharmacological functions of RJ can be ascribed, in part, to its estrogenic effects. We hypothesize that polyherbal medicines and health supplements, which have multiple actions, may be better than Western medicine of single component to treat various diseases including 'Mibyou' (presymptomatic disease). Our findings provide us with a new idea on the nature of disorder and disease-state development which involve complicated mechanisms and will contribute to novel principles to prevent diseases and establish new treatment. Adoption of means of translational research should provide objective background for efficacy and stimulate broader application and usage of traditional medicines and health supplements as curatives of Mibyou. PMID:21881301

Miyata, Takeshi

2011-01-01

310

UNIVERSIDADE FEDERAL FLUMINENSE BOLETIM DE SERVIO ANO XLI N. 196 13/12/2011 SEO IV PG. 010  

E-print Network

Pátria, 156, Boa Viagem - Niterói / RJ. 2.2. Horário: Das 9:00 às 12:00 e das 14:00 às 19:00 horas. 2 de Engenharia - UFF - 5o andar do Prédio Novo, sala 500 3.2.1.4. Rua Passo da Pátria, 156, Boa Viagem Novo, sala 500 Rua Passo da Pátria, 156, Boa Viagem - Niterói / RJ. 3.3. Matrícula 3.3.1. Serão

Souza, Max O.

311

ASSESSMENT OF TECHNETIUM LEACHABILITY IN CEMENT STABILIZED BASIN 43 GROUNDWATER BRINE  

SciTech Connect

This report is an initial report on the laboratory effort executed under RPP-PLAN-33338, Test Plan for the Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement-Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine. This report delineates preliminary data obtained under subcontract 21065, release 30, from the RJ Lee Group, Inc., Center for Laboratory Sciences. The report is predicated on CLS RPT-816, Draft Report: Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine. This document will be revised on receipt of the final RJ Lee Group, Inc., Center for Laboratory Sciences report, which will contain data subjected to quality control and quality assurance criteria.

COOKE GA; DUNCAN JB; LOCKREM LL

2008-09-30

312

Protective role of Royal Jelly (honeybee) on genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, induced by petroleum wastewater, in Allium cepa L. root tips.  

PubMed

In the present study, the protective effect of Royal Jelly (RJ) on genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, induced by petroleum wastewater, in Allium cepa L. root-tip cells was investigated. For this purpose, we used the malondialdehyde (MDA) level, mitotic index (MI), frequency of micronucleus (MN) and chromosomal aberrations (CAs) as indicators of genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, and correlated these data with statistical parameters. In additional to the genotoxic analysis, we examined changes in the root anatomy of A. cepa seeds treated with the wastewater. Heavy metal concentrations in the wastewater were measured by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The seeds were divided into six groups as control, wastewater and RJ treatment groups. They were treated with the wastewater alone, RJ alone (25 and 50 microm doses) and RJ + wastewater for 10 consecutive days. As a result, the mean concentrations of heavy metals in the wastewater were observed to be in the order: Pb > Fe > Al > Ni > Cu > Zn > Cr > Cd. The results showed that there was a significant alteration in MI and in the frequency of MN and CAs in the seeds exposed to the wastewater when compared with the controls. The wastewater exposure resulted in a significant increase in CAs and MN formation (P < 0.05). The wastewater also caused a decrease in MI (P < 0.05). Additionally, there was a significant increase in the MDA levels of the roots exposed to the wastewater (P < 0.05). Heavy metals in the petroleum wastewater significantly increased the MDA production, indicating lipid peroxidation. Moreover, light micrographs showed anatomical damages such as an accumulation of chemical compounds in cortex parenchyma, cell death, an unusual form of cell nucleus and unclear vascular tissue. However, the RJ treatment caused amelioration in the indices of lipid peroxidation and MI, and in the frequency of CAs and MN, when compared with the group treated with petroleum wastewater alone (P < 0.05). Also, the RJ application caused the recuperation of anatomical structural damages induced by the petroleum wastewater. Each dose of RJ provided protection against the wastewater toxicity, and the strongest protective effect was observed at dose of 50 microm. In vivo results showed that RJ is a potential protector against toxicity induced by petroleum wastewater, and its protective role is dose-dependent. PMID:19947151

Türkmen, Zafer; Cavu?o?lu, Külti?in; Cavu?o?lu, Kür?at; Yapar, Kür?ad; Yalçin, Emine

2009-10-01

313

A dipeptide YY derived from royal jelly proteins inhibits renin activity.  

PubMed

Renin is the rate limiting enzyme in the renin-angiotensin (RA) system that regulates blood pressure and electrolyte balance. In this study, we investigated the renin inhibitory effect of a royal jelly (RJ)-derived peptide. A dipeptide YY was isolated from the digested fraction of RJ proteins by proteases and was found to inhibit human renin activity. The inhibition constant (Ki) of YY was estimated to be 10 microM when the Km was 0.16 microM using sheep angiotensinogen as the substrate. The peptide was observed to lower blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats. PMID:18506359

Sultana, Afroza; Nabi, A H M Nurun; Nasir, Uddin M; Maruyama, Hiroe; Suzuki, Kazu-Michi; Mishima, Satoshi; Suzuki, Fumiaki

2008-06-01

314

Efficacy of royal jelly on methotrexate-induced systemic oxidative stress and damage to small intestine in rats.  

PubMed

The aim of this present study is to investigate the mucositis caused by methotrexate (MTX), as well as whether the application of royal jelly (RJ) has a protective effect on oxidative stress. This present study included six groups each consisted of 12 Wistar rats. Distilled water (po: peroral) was given to the 1st group as placebo for 10 days and MTX (20 mg/kg, intraperitoneal: ip) on the 7th day. The 2nd group received RJ (50mg/kg, po) for 10 days and normal saline (NS) instead of MTX. RJ (50mg/kg) was given to the 3rd group for 10 days and MTX on the 7th day. The 4th group received RJ (100 mg/kg, po) for 10 days and NS was given intraperitoneally. RJ (100mg/kg) was given to the 5th group for 10 days and a single dose of MTX. Distilled water was given to the 6th (control) group for 10 days and intraperitoneal NS on the 7th day. Malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase were analyzed in blood samples on the 11th day. Morphological and histopathological changes were examined in the intestinal tissue samples. Villus length and mucosal thickness, as well as the villus length/crypt ratio, were significantly decreased with MTX administration, and the semi-quantitative histological evaluation (SQHE) score was measured high (p<0.001). In addition, a decrease in the antioxidant parameters and an increase in the MDA levels were identified. The villus length and SQHE were significantly different in the groups receiving RJ (p<0.001) as compared to the MTX group. Although RJ addition had no effect on the decreased mucosal thickness and villus/crypt ratio in MTX groups, it caused an improvement in the antioxidant levels and a remarkable decrease in MDA levels. Adding RJ has a decreasing effect on the MTX-induced intestinal damage and it has a suppressive effect on MTX-induced oxidative stress by means of increasing antioxidant enzyme activity and decreasing lipid peroxidation. PMID:23983375

Kaynar, Leylagül; Cetin, Aysun; Hacioglu, Sibel K; Eser, Bar??; Koçyigit, ?smail; Canöz, Özlem; Tasdemir, Arzu; Karadag, Canan; Kurnaz, Fatih; Saraymen, Recep; Silici, Sibel

2012-01-01

315

Variação sazonal na sociabilidade de forrageamento das garças Ardea alba (Linnaeus, 1758) e Egretta thula (Molina, 1782) (Aves: Ciconiiformes) na planície alagável do alto rio Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seasonal variation in the foraging sociability of Great White Egret (Ardea alba) and Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) (Aves: Ciconiiformes) in the upper Paraná river floodplain, Brazil. The seasonal variation of foraging sociability of Great White Egret (Ardea alba) and Snowy Egret (Egretta thula) on the lagoons of the upper Paraná river floodplain, Brazil, was analyzed. Quarterly samplings of birds were

Márcio Rodrigo

316

SPOLM 2008 ISSN 1806-3632 Rio de Janeiro, Brasil, 05 e 06 de agosto de 2008. ANLISE DE UM ALGORITMO DE OTIMIZAO DE REDES DE  

E-print Network

ALGORITMO DE OTIMIZA��O DE REDES DE FILAS FINITAS Helinton A. L. Barbosa Departamento de Estatística ­ ICEx de espera em redes de filas finitas gerais com servidores múltiplos. Um método de aproximação é utilizado para estimar o desempenho da rede de filas e um algoritmo iterativo de busca é empregado para

Cruz, Frederico

317

Predação de embriões por girinos de Bokermannohyla alvarengai (Anura, Hylidae) em riacho temporário na Serra do Ouro Branco, Minas Gerais, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: O comportamento oofágico e o canibalismo são bastante difundidos entre girinos de diversas famílias de anuros, sendo o último particularmente comum em ambientes temporários, tais como o riacho do presente estudo. Este artigo relata um evento de predação no campo, no qual girinos de Bokermannohyla alvarengai se alimentaram de embriões co-específicos. Esta é uma importante fonte de alimento com

Vinícius A. São Pedro; Leandro O. Drummond; Henrique C. Costa; Vítor D. Fernandes; Renato N. Feio

318

Anais II Congresso Brasileiro de Unidades de Conservao. Campo Grande-MS, Brasil. 2: 706-714, 2000. POSSVEL INFLUNCIA DAS MUDANAS DE PAISAGEM NO PARQUE  

E-print Network

NATIONAL PARK ON THE DIET OF THE MANED WOLF (CHRYSOCYON BRACHYURUS) DIEGO QUEIROLO1 JOSÃ? CARLOS MOTTA transformed in "campo sujo" and "campo cerrado", rising a change in the food habits of the maned wolf

Motta Junior, Jose Carlos

319

Anticorpos neutralizantes contra os vírus da cinomose e da parainfluenza em cães de canis dos municípios de Novo Hamburgo e Porto Alegre, RS, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this report a serological survey was carried out in search for antibodies to canine distemper virus (CDV) and canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) in 173 sera from dogs withdraw in kennels of the municipalities of Novo Hamburgo (n=82) and Porto Alegre (n=91), RS, Brazil. Neutralizing antibodies were evaluated against two CDV strains used for vaccine production (Rockborn and Snyder Hill)

Tamahine Larronda Schmidt Hartmann; Helena Beatriz de Carvalho Ruthner Batista; Diógenes Dezen; Fernando Rosado Spilki; Ana Claudia Franco; Paulo Michel Roehe

2007-01-01

320

A Ideia de Universidade no Brasil: Influencia do Movimento de Cordoba (The Idea of the University in Brazil: Influences of the Cordoba Movement).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines influences of the Cordoba Movement in formulation of ideas concerning the inseparability among teaching, research, and extension--a new paradigm for the Brazilian university. Finds the formulation of this inseparability had its origins in the Brazilian student movement of the 1960s which included theses of the Cordoba Manifesto. (BT)

Mazzilli, Sueli

2000-01-01

321

A Educacao dos Portadores de Necessidades Especiais no Brasil no Periodo de 1910 a 1949 (Education of Those with Special Needs in Brazil from 1920 to 1949).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines education given to those with special needs in Brazil from 1910-1949. Shows the dichotomy of meanings in which the education of special needs persons during that period, besides being marked by concepts related to the exclusion paradigm, already indicated signs of respect for diversity and civil rights. (BT)

Marques, Carlos Alberto; Santiago, Mylene Cristina; de Moura, Simone Moreira

2000-01-01

322

O Direito Costumeiro na Legislacao e na Jurisprudencia do Brasil: A Desescravizacao (Common Law in Legislation and Jurisprudence in Brazil: Abolition of Slavery).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Demonstrates that in Brazil, common law was an important component for development of the political project, elaborated with the objective of organizing and disciplining the formation of a market of free workers. Considers that the history of work relations originated in the Portuguese discovery of Brazil in the 16th century. (BT)

Gebara, Ademir

2000-01-01

323

Anais XI SBSR, Belo Horizonte, Brasil, 05 -10 abril 2003, INPE, p. 2193 -2200. MAPSAR: A NEW L-BAND SPACEBORNE SAR MISSION FOR ASSESSMENT  

E-print Network

to the use of optical sensors due to the presence of rain, perennial clouds, haze and smoke (e.g., the Amazon on rain forests is complicated by the continental extension, poor accessibility, and complex na to penetrate a vegetation canopy. In general, the acquisition of information on the moist tropics, particularly

Domingues, Margarete Oliveira

324

Dating human occupation at Toca do Serrote das Moendas, São Raimundo Nonato, Piauí-Brasil by electron spin resonance and optically stimulated luminescence.  

PubMed

Excavation of Toca do Serrote das Moendas, in Piauí state, Brazil revealed a great quantity of fossil wild fauna associated with human remains. In particular, fossils of a cervid (Blastocerus dichotomus) were found, an animal frequently pictured in ancient rock wall paintings. In a well-defined stratum, two loose teeth of this species were found in close proximity to human bones. The teeth were independently dated by electron spin resonance (ESR) in two laboratories. The ages obtained for the teeth were 29 ± 3 ka (thousands of years) and 24 ± 1 ka. The concretion layer capping this stratum was dated by optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) of the quartz grains to 21 ± 3 ka. As these values were derived independently in three different laboratories, using different methods and equipment, these results are compelling evidence of early habitation in this area. PMID:25456825

Kinoshita, Angela; Skinner, Anne R; Guidon, Niede; Ignacio, Elaine; Felice, Gisele Daltrini; Buco, Cristiane de A; Tatumi, Sonia; Yee, Márcio; Figueiredo, Ana Maria Graciano; Baffa, Oswaldo

2014-12-01

325

Estimativas de parâmetros de adaptabilidade e estabilidade fenotípica para peso a desmama ajustado aos 205 dias de idade em bovinos de corte compostos no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Data from 111,101 weaning weight adjusted to 205 days (WW) were analyzed to evaluated the genotype-environmental interactions and estimates adaptability parameters for seven genotype combinations of crossbreed beef cattle, raised in three environment of the Brazil. The estimates of mean, standard deviation and coefficient of variation for WW were 193.33±30.99 kg e 16.03% The genotype- environmental interation effect was significative

Daniele Campos Cintra; José Bento Sterman Ferraz; Gerson Barreto Mourão; Elisângela Chicaroni de Mattos

326

Resistant Hypertension: Risk Factors, Subclinical Atherosclerosis, and Comorbidities Among Adults-The Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil).  

PubMed

The frequency of resistant hypertension-defined as blood pressure (BP) ?140/90 mm Hg with proven use of three antihypertensive medications, or as the use of four antihypertensive drug classes regardless of BP-is unknown in low-middle-income countries. Using data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health, a cohort of 15,105 civil servants aged 35 to 74 years, the authors identified 4116 patients taking treatment for hypertension, 11% of who had resistant hypertension. These participants were more likely to be older, black, less educated, poorer, and obese. The adjusted prevalence ratios (95% confidence intervals) were diabetes, 1.44 (1.20-1.72); glomerular filtration rate (<60 mL/min/1.72 m(2) ), 1.95 (1.60-2.38); albumin-to-creatinine ratio (>300 mg/g), 2.43 (1.70-3.50); carotid-femoral pulse-wave velocity, 1.07 m/s (1.03-1.11 m/s); common carotid intima-media thickness, 2.57 mm (1.64-4.00 mm); left ventricular hypertrophy, 2.08 (1.21-3.57); and atrial fibrillation, 3.55 (2.02-6.25). Thus, the prevalence of resistant hypertension in Brazil is high and associated with subclinical markers of end-organ cardiovascular damage. PMID:25338543

Lotufo, Paulo A; Pereira, Alexandre C; Vasconcellos, Paulo S; Santos, Itamar S; Mill, Jose Geraldo; Bensenor, Isabela M

2015-01-01

327

Visión de los diferentes agentes sociales sobre la participación social en el sistema de salud en el nordeste de Brasil: una aproximación cualitativa  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concepts and opinions on social participation in health held by different groups of stakeholders in North-eastern Brazil. A qualitative study Background: Social participation in the health system constitutes one of the basic principles of Brazilian health sector reform. This paper analyses the concepts held by different groups of stakeholders with respect to social participation in health and identifies their opinions

M Luisa Vázquez Navarrete; M Rejane Ferreira da Silva; Eliane Siqueira Campos; Ana Paula Campos Pereira; Alcides da Silva Diniz; Ida Leite Veras; Ilma Kruze Grande de Arruda

2002-01-01

328

Taxonomic Treatment of Solanum Section Petota (Wild Potatoes) in Catálogo de Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay, y sur del Brasil)  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Solanum section Petota (Solanaceae), which includes the cultivated potato (Solanum tuberosum) and its wild relatives, contains over 150 wild species distributed from the southwestern U.S.A. (38°N) to central Argentina and adjacent Chile (41°S). This catalog includes all species from the Southern Con...

329

Estimation of atmospheric turbidity and surface radiative parameters using broadband clear sky solar irradiance models in Rio de Janeiro-Brasil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main goal of this paper is to estimate a set of optimal seasonal, daily, and hourly values of atmospheric turbidity and surface radiative parameters Ångström's turbidity coefficient (?), Ångström's wavelength exponent (?), aerosol single scattering albedo (? o ), forward scatterance (F c ) and average surface albedo (? g ), using the Brute Force multidimensional minimization method to minimize the difference between measured and simulated solar irradiance components, expressed as cost functions. In order to simulate the components of short-wave solar irradiance (direct, diffuse and global) for clear sky conditions, incidents on a horizontal surface in the Metropolitan Area of Rio de Janeiro (MARJ), Brazil (22° 51' 27? S, 43° 13' 58? W), we use two parameterized broadband solar irradiance models, called CPCR2 and Iqbal C, based on synoptic information. The meteorological variables such as precipitable water (u w ) and ozone concentration (u o ) required by the broadband solar models were obtained from moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor on Terra and Aqua NASA platforms. For the implementation and validation processes, we use global and diffuse solar irradiance data measured by the radiometric platform of LabMiM, located in the north area of the MARJ. The data were measured between the years 2010 and 2012 at 1-min intervals. The performance of solar irradiance models using optimal parameters was evaluated with several quantitative statistical indicators and a subset of measured solar irradiance data. Some daily results for Ångström's wavelength exponent ? were compared with Ångström's parameter (440-870 nm) values obtained by aerosol robotic network (AERONET) for 11 days, showing an acceptable level of agreement. Results for Ångström's turbidity coefficient ?, associated with the amount of aerosols in the atmosphere, show a seasonal pattern according with increased precipitation during summer months (December-February) in the MARJ.

Flores, José L.; Karam, Hugo A.; Marques Filho, Edson P.; Pereira Filho, Augusto J.

2015-01-01

330

Diversidade de Lepidoptera (Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) em dois fragmentos de floresta no município de Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diversity of Lepidoptera (Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) in two fragments in Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A systematic survey was carried out in two localities of the Municipal District of Frederico Westphalen, fragment of Villa Faguense and Schoenstatt's Sanctuary, situated 1,500 m apart, from March 2005 to April 2006. In 140 hours of sampling, 3123 individuals, distributed in

Ricardo Giovenardi; Rocco Alfredo Di Mare; Jonas Sponchiado; Suelem H. Roani; Fábio A. F. Jacomassa; Augusto B. Jung; Mirian A. Porn

2008-01-01

331

Aspectos clínicos e de manejo de preguiça-de-garganta- marron Bradypus variegatus (Schinz, 1825) de vida livre na Mesorregião Metropolitana do Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil.  

E-print Network

??Objetivou-se com este trabalho realizar alguns estudos relacionados ao manejo, fisiologia e aspectos sanitários em uma população de preguiças-de-garganta-marrom (Bradypus variegatus) de vida livre na… (more)

Gileno Antonio Araújo Xavier

2006-01-01

332

Ocorrência sazonal e reprodução do socó-caranguejeiro Nyctanassa violacea no estuário da Lagoa dos Patos (RS, Brasil), novo limite sul da sua distribuição geográfica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seasonal occurrence and breeding of the Yellow Crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea in the Patos Lagoon estuary (RS, Brazil): the new southern geographic range of the species. The aim of this note is to report the seasonal occurrence and breeding of Nyctanassa violacea in the Patos Lagoon estuary, southern Brazil, its new southernmost area of occurrence. The Pólvora Island, located

Dimas Gianuca

333

El Movimiento de Trabajadores sin Tierra de Brasil: notas sobre su intervención estética en la política Landless Laborers Movement of Brazil: Notes on its aesthetic intervention in politics  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work aims to point out on some relevant aspects of the demonstrations of the No Land Laborers Movement of Brazil based on the intersection between two classically one another disconnected categories in many of the analysis related to social movements. Thus, the relation- ship between aesthetics and politics can be tackled as a strategic alliance in the construction of

Elsa Ponce

334

DISSERTAÇÕES E TESES EM ENSINO DE FÍSICA NO BRASIL: UM PANORMA DO PERÍODO 1972 -2005 PHYSICS TEACHING INVESTIGATIONS IN BRAZIL: OVERVIEW OF THE PERIOD 1972-2005  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the last decades, Physics Teaching investigations have been expanding considerably in Brazil. In order to understand the development of this research area and its evolution, we collected and analyzed academic thesis and dissertations that have been produced by different Brazilian research programs in the period from 1972 to 2005. We followed its growing through different institutions, regions and academic

Sonia Salem; Maria Regina; D. Kawamura

335

Prospección de hongos Entomophthorales para el control natural de insectos en Bahía, Brasil [Prospecting Entomophthoralean fungi for the natural control of insects in Bahia, Brazil  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Research on Entomophthorales fungi in southern Bahia State, Brazil, included enzootic and epizootic studies on the dynamics of entomophthoromycosis and their interrelations with insect populations of various insect orders, geographical distributions and incidence on crops, natural grasses and other ...

336

Ocorrência de carrapatos em tamanduá-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) e tamanduá-mirim (Tamandua tetradactyla) na região do Pantanal Sul Mato-Grossense, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of ticks on anteaters in the Pantanal region, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, between March and February 2001 is described. Tick species identified were Amblyomma cajennense (123 males and 63 females), A. parvum (35 males, 67 females) and A. nodosum (2 males), species considered as specific of anteater in its adult phase. A. cajennense was found in

João Ricardo Martins; Ísis Meri Medri; Carlos Marcos Oliveira; Alberto Guglielmone

2004-01-01

337

Zoneamento agroecológico e definição de época de semeadura do algodoeiro no Brasil Agroecological Zoning and definition of sowing periods for cotton in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The agroecological zoning and the definition of best sowing periods for cotton are important to establish the areas and most suitable periods to explore this crop, seeking to provide favorable environmental conditions to the cultivars in use such that they can express their yield potential. The objective of this work was to systematize the studies on cotton zoning to define

Malaquias da Silva; Amorim Neto; Alexandre Eduardo de Araújo; Paulo Henrique Caramori; Sérgio Luiz Gonçalves; Marcos Silveira Wrege; Cláudio Lazzarotto; Fernando Mendes Lamas

2001-01-01

338

Landslide Susceptibility Analysis by the comparison and integration of Random Forest and Logistic Regression methods; application to the disaster of Nova Friburgo - Rio de Janeiro, Brasil (January 2011)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The study of landslide susceptibility by multivariate statistical methods is based on finding a quantitative relationship between controlling factors and landslide occurrence. Such studies have become popular in the last few decades thanks to the development of geographic information systems (GIS) software and the related improved data management. In this work we applied a statistical approach to an area of high landslide susceptibility mainly due to its tropical climate and geological-geomorphological setting. The study area is located in the south-east region of Brazil that has frequently been affected by flood and landslide hazard, especially because of heavy rainfall events during the summer season. In this work we studied a disastrous event that occurred on January 11th and 12th of 2011, which involved Região Serrana (the mountainous region of Rio de Janeiro State) and caused more than 5000 landslides and at least 904 deaths. In order to produce susceptibility maps, we focused our attention on an area of 93,6 km2 that includes Nova Friburgo city. We utilized two different multivariate statistic methods: Logistic Regression (LR), already widely used in applied geosciences, and Random Forest (RF), which has only recently been applied to landslide susceptibility analysis. With reference to each mapping unit, the first method (LR) results in a probability of landslide occurrence, while the second one (RF) gives a prediction in terms of % of area susceptible to slope failure. With this aim in mind, a landslide inventory map (related to the studied event) has been drawn up through analyses of high-resolution GeoEye satellite images, in a GIS environment. Data layers of 11 causative factors have been created and processed in order to be used as continuous numerical or discrete categorical variables in statistical analysis. In particular, the logistic regression method has frequent difficulties in managing numerical continuous and discrete categorical variables together; therefore in our work we tried different methods to process categorical variables , until we obtained a statistically significant model. The outcomes of the two statistical methods (RF and LR) have been tested with a spatial validation and gave us two susceptibility maps. The significance of the models is quantified in terms of Area Under ROC Curve (AUC resulted in 0.81 for RF model and in 0.72 for LR model). In the first instance, a graphical comparison of the two methods shows a good correspondence between them. Further, we integrated results in a unique susceptibility map which maintains both information of probability of occurrence and % of area of landslide detachment, resulting from LR and RF respectively. In fact, in view of a landslide susceptibility classification of the study area, the former is less accurate but gives easily classifiable results, while the latter is more accurate but the results can be only subjectively classified. The obtained "integrated" susceptibility map preserves information about the probability that a given % of area could fail for each mapping unit.

Esposito, Carlo; Barra, Anna; Evans, Stephen G.; Scarascia Mugnozza, Gabriele; Delaney, Keith

2014-05-01

339

O SISTEMA NACIONAL DE INOVAÇÃO E A AÇÃO EMPREENDEDORA NO BRASIL THE NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEM AND THE ENTERPRISING ACTION IN BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discussion on innovation is relevant when it comes to understanding the potential of entrepreneurship as a phenomenon that levers the economic development. The results of the gem research, of international extent, show that in spite of Brazil being one of the most enterprising countries, these enterprises are not much innovatory. To understand this scenery, this article's objective is to

SIEGLINDE KINDL DA CUNHA; YARA LUCIA BULGACOV; MARIA LUCIA; FIGUEIREDO MEZA; ZANDRA BALBINOT

340

75 FR 80849 - Notice of Initial Determination Revising the List of Products Requiring Federal Contractor...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...which included the International Labor OrganizaILO, Reporter Brasil, the Citizens' Charcoal Institute (ICC), and the Pastoral...which included the International Labor Organization, Reporter Brasil, the Citizens' Charcoal Institute (ICC), and the...

2010-12-23

341

76 FR 36923 - Formations of, Acquisitions by, and Mergers of Bank Holding Companies; Correction  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

...York heading, the entry for Banco do Brasil S.A., Brasilia, Brazil, is revised...New York 10045-0001: 1. Banco do Brasil S.A., Brasilia, Brazil, and Caixa de Previdencia dos Funcionarios do Banco do Brasil, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil; to...

2011-06-23

342

XXIIXX SSeemmiinnrriioo ddee IInniicciiaaoo CCiieennttffiiccaa ddaa PPUUCC--RRiioo  

E-print Network

, A.N.; PERDIG�O, BÁRBARA; SILVA, RUBERVAL MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA, RUBERVAL MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA HIST�RICA NO IMP�RIO DO BRASIL 11

343

Environments Journal of Arid Environments 72 (2008) 314325  

E-print Network

and Archer, 1997). There are many proposed mechanisms governing tree­grass interactions.R. Archer), r-teague@tamu.edu (W.R. Teague), r-ansley@tamu.edu (R.J. Ansley). 1 Present address: School) improved water relations of sub-canopy plants able to access soil water produced via stem flow or hydraulic

Archer, Steven R.

344

FYI: January 3, 1974 - June 27, 1974  

E-print Network

. _ _ :.': . • .• _ " '": · 3-:": t 11"; r ;::..:;: ,~ . ",: f' ! . .... ,. r· ..... :1~· 1. ' '':':S 1'" ;.:!', ; . :-;,~ , :- :: 'i ,)r : (·~:'2 ·:·:s ;",:·~.C ·~r t; i_~ : - . : :,' ~: .; rcr:" r:- . j _ . r :'.~· .' i"'; - t :.. : I:: ·--.Ii .:-,--, :.r....·j ~~~ -:- ~ '::: ;': , t. ' . : ,. " . ~ .1'-'/ ~ •. :" (t c... ·,, ·::l -..C: ":',~r :: -' . . :, 3 vf :-... .:: :: .~ of J ''; ,:, ,:' - ', '-~ ',: . ..' ,c:n~2::':'-: I' C :' ;j , ;. t .re ff rc:~ : . '- ;:;l :~ 0 co! (-; ::- " - . .:'! :~;. C , '- '/.,; :- iy...

1974-01-01

345

Modified Valsalva test differentiates primary from secondary cough headache  

PubMed Central

I suppose that the patient number 14, reported in the article of RJ Lane et al. on “Modified Valsalva test differentiates primary from secondary cough headache ”in a recent issue of your esteemed journal, was probably suffering from spontaneous intracranial hypotension syndrome (SIH) caused by cervical manipulation. PMID:24251800

2013-01-01

346

Publications Indian Ocean  

E-print Network

aspects of salmonid life cycles. Besides the six species of Pacific salmon (sockeye, pink, coho, chum, Asheville, NC 28801. Lives of Salmon Are Illustrated Publication of "Pacific Salmon," by R.J. Childerhose such topics as the history of salmon exploitation, salmon trans- plants, salmon enhancement tech- niques, lake

347

Geological Society of Africa Presidential Review, No. 10 Evidence for the Snowball Earth hypothesis in the Arabian-Nubian  

E-print Network

in the Arabian-Nubian Shield and the East African Orogen R.J. Stern a,*, D. Avigad b , N.R. Miller a , M. Beyth c September 2005; accepted 12 October 2005 Available online 27 December 2005 Abstract Formation of the Arabian-Nubian of the ANS. Ã? 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Keywords: Neoproterozoic; Snowball Earth; Arabian-Nubian

Stern, Robert J.

348

Precambrian Research 206207 (2012) 159167 Contents lists available at SciVerse ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

-facies juvenile crust of the Arabian-Nubian Shield in the north and more metamorphosed and remobilized older crust of the eastern part of the Southern Ethiopian Shield R.J. Sterna, , Kamal A. Alib , Mohamed G. Abdelsalamc, P.O. Box 80206, Jeddah 21589, Saudi Arabia c Geological Sciences and Engineering, Missouri

Stern, Robert J.

349

Fusion Engineering and Design 85 (2010) 969973 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect  

E-print Network

Fusion Engineering and Design 85 (2010) 969­973 Contents lists available at ScienceDirect Fusion workshop on the topic of fusion power W.R. Meiera, , A.R. Raffrayb , R.J. Kurtzc , N.B. Morleyd , W Alamos, NM, USA a r t i c l e i n f o Article history: Available online 8 December 2009 Keywords: Fusion

Raffray, A. René

350

1. D.K. Cheng, Gain optimization for YagiUda arrays, IEEE Antennas Propagat Mag 33 (1991), 4245.  

E-print Network

REFERENCES 1. D.K. Cheng, Gain optimization for Yagi­Uda arrays, IEEE Antennas Propagat Mag 33 structure, IEEE Trans Antennas Propagat AP-7 (1959), 234­239. 3. D.L. Sengupta, On uniform and linearly tapered long Yagi antennas, IEEE Trans Antennas Propagat AP-8 (1960), 11­17. 4. R.J. Mailloux, Excitation

Park, Seong-Ook

351

Universittsmedizin Gttingen Publikationen und Hochschulschriften 2007  

E-print Network

converting enzyme (ACE) in panic disorder: A gender-specific effect? WORLD J BIOL PSYCHIA, -: 1-5. 6) Improvement of quality of life in panic disorder with escitalopram, citalopram, or placebo. PHARMACOPSYCHIATRY symptoms associated with depression. DEPRESS ANXIETY, 24(1): 53-61. 4. Bandelow B, Boerner RJ, Kasper S

Gollisch, Tim

352

Distinct Roles for Glycine and GABA in Shaping the Response Properties of Neurons in the Superior Paraolivary Nucleus of the Rat  

E-print Network

Paraolivary Nucleus of the Rat Randy J. Kulesza, Jr,1,2 Alexander Kadner,1 and Albert S. Berrebi1 1; accepted in final form 15 November 2006 Kulesza RJ Jr, Kadner A, Berrebi AS. Distinct roles for glycine inferior colliculus (Kelly et al. 1998; Kulesza Jr and Berrebi 2000; Saldan~a and Berrebi 2000). Ascending

353

Estimating Costs and Benefits of CTL Escape Mutations in SIV/HIV Infection  

E-print Network

Estimating Costs and Benefits of CTL Escape Mutations in SIV/HIV Infection Vitaly V. Ganusov1) response are well documented. Recently, there have been a few attempts at estimating the costs of CTL of the average killing rate can be obtained. Citation: Ganusov VV, De Boer RJ (2006) Estimating costs

Utrecht, Universiteit

354

Naam: dhr. prof. dr. ir. J.J.W. Lagendijk Leeropdracht Klinische Fysica Radiotherapie  

E-print Network

Heek-Romanowski, SA Rahman and C Gromoll. ESHO Quality Assurance Guidelines for Regional Hyperthermia. Int. J. Hyperthermia (1998) vol. 14, 125-133 · Dehnad H, Nederveen AJ, Heide UA, van Moorselaar RJ 1984 Ph.D.. 'Clinical hyperthermia: physical and technical aspects', UU 1-5-'78 / 1-5-'85 PhD student

Utrecht, Universiteit

355

Precambrian Research, 42 (1988) 173-187 173 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V., Amsterdam --Printed in The Netherlands  

E-print Network

DESERT OF EGYPT K.M. WILLIS* and R.J. STERN University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX 75080(U.S.A.) N the Northeastern Desert of Egypt. Precambrian Res., 42: 173-187. Late Precambrian crustal evolution in the Northeastern Desert of Egypt culminated in a major episode of strong extension, accompanied by bimodal igneous

Stern, Robert J.

356

AnnualReport This document is a report summarizing  

E-print Network

of the Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science and the Leonard and Jayne Abess Center for Ecosystem · Monthly surveys of marine communities in the Florida Keys to understand the ecosystem role of marine of the R.J. Dunlap Marine Conservation Program at the University of Miami in 2010. The document describes

Miami, University of

357

A Recognized Leader in Marine & Atmospheric  

E-print Network

for Ecosystem Science and Policy · National Resource Center of Aplysia · R.J. Dunlap Marine Conservation Program Health · Tropical Marine Ecosystem · Weather, Climate and Society · Weather Forecasting Ph and everything in between. · Fisheries and Marine Ecosystems · Coral Reef Studies · Observational Oceanography

Miami, University of

358

Parallel machine scheduling with release time and machine eligibility restrictions  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present an algorithm for the problem of minimizing maximum lateness in a parallel machine environment with release dates and machine eligibility restrictions (Pm | rj, Mj | Lmax) for the special case where due dates are equal to release dates plus a constant. No preemption of jobs is allowed. The algorithm has been evaluated using real data from an

Grisselle Centeno; Robert L. Armacost

1997-01-01

359

KEY WEST BIG PINE KEY & THE LOWER KEYS For divers and snorkelers alike, Big Pine Key & Florida's Lower Keys is music to their ears.  

E-print Network

a variety of shark species, such as nurse, great hammerhead of Miami track shark migratory patterns By aManda Morales The reefs of the world's tropical islands lives of sharks. An ongoing project at the R.J. Dunlap Marine Conservation Program at the University

Miami, University of

360

Review article Oaks in a high-CO2 world  

E-print Network

environmental factor that is certain to influence the physiology and productivity of oak trees everywhere that can influence the physiological and ecological relationships of oaks. The CO2 responses of at least 11Review article Oaks in a high-CO2 world RJ Norby Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

361

Pupils and Puppets Teach About Health: Students Concerned  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes the puppet shows created, produced, and performed by a group of 130 North and South Philadelphia high school students, Students Concerned with Public Health." Shows are part of health education course for 4th, 5th, and 6th grade children throughout the city on the dangers of alcohol, drugs, and cigarette smoking. (RJ)

Murphy, Betty

1972-01-01

362

Publication List Francis Doan Hole, Professor Emeritus,  

E-print Network

.D. 1953. Suggested terminology for describing soils as three-dimensional bodies. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. ProcPublication List Francis Doan Hole, Professor Emeritus, Dept of Soil Science, University. Journ. Sci. 241:498-516. Hole, F.D., N.P. Dahlstrand, and R.J. Muckenhirn. 1947. Soils of Langlade Co

Balser, Teri C.

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J Med Primatol 2001: 30: 273282 Printed in Ireland -all rights reser6ed.  

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in a sample of captive male baboons Muehlenbein MP, Campbell BC, Phillippi KM, Murchison MA, Richards RJ, Svec F, Myers L. Reproductive maturation in a sample of captive male baboons. J Med Primatol 2001; 30:273­282. © Munks- gaard, 2001 Abstract: Though baboons have been considered an appropriate non- human primate model

Muehlenbein, Michael

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Datasheet Fujitsu EsPRiMO P9900 E-staR 5.0 DEsktOP PC Page 1 / 7 http://ts.fujitsu.com/esPRIMO  

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IOnal) wlan iii, 802.11g/Draft-n (windows only) Parallel interface Modem adapter kit (Eu) Modem 56k incl. Rj11 modem cable Gigabit Ethernet PCie x1 Firewire PCi-Card iEEE1394 esata interface Dual serial card, PCi

Fiebig, Peter

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A POLTICA POR DETRS DA TCNICA: O PROCESSO DE RECENTRALIZAO NA ORGANIZAO DA ASSISTNCIA SOCIAL NA FRANA  

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título de livro contestando o centralismo do Estado francês, passou a ser parte das expressões. Instituto de Ciências Humanas e Filosofia ­ Programa de Pós-Graduação em Sociologia e Direito. Niterói ­ RJ a segunda guerra mundial, notadamente através do impacto do livro de

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Intratrophic predation in a simple food chain with a fluctuating nutrient  

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Intratrophic predation in a simple food chain with a fluctuating nutrient S. R.-J. Jang1 , J food chain in var- ious complexity has helped researchers in understanding and interpreting 1 by assuming that the food resource that is available to the predator is a weighted sum of prey and predator

Baglama, James

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Publications: David Moss January 5, 2014  

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Publications: David Moss January 5, 2014 1. "The influence of inhibition of convection on pre-main sequence stellar evo- lution", Moss D.L., 1968, Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., 141, 165-184. 2. "The influence of a poloidal magnetic field on convection in spherical shells", Moss D.L., Tayler R.J., 1969. Mon. Not. R. astr

Moss, David

368

Linking pore-scale interfacial curvature to column-scale capillary pressure Ryan T. Armstrong a,  

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National Laboratory, Earth and Environmental Sciences Division, Los Alamos, NM 87545, United States a r t i Accepted 18 May 2012 Available online 28 May 2012 Keywords: Capillary pressure Interfacial curvature Young, and assuming static equilibrium, the Young-Laplace equation can be written as Pc ¼ 2rj ð2� where r

Wildenschild, Dorthe

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Asymptotic Formulas for Generalized Elliptic-type Integrals  

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. Keywords--Elliptic-type Integrals, Hypergeometric Functions, Asymptotic For- mulas. 1. INTRODUCTION our generalized elliptic-type integral (9) in terms of the Lauricella's hypergeometric function F (3 that Rj(k, 1 2 , 1) = j(k), (5) and in terms of hypergeometric functions Rµ(k, , ) = ()( - ) ()(1 + k2)µ+1

Tuan, Vu

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WATER RESOURCES NEWS NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE  

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WATER RESOURCES NEWS NEBRASKA WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH INSTITUTE 212 AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERINGATER RE~nllRCES RJ::sr ARCIi ISSUES SIXTY A~l~J"AL REPQRI The 1970 annual report of the Office of Water provided practical methods for solving problems of salt water encroaching into a municipal well field. *A

Nebraska-Lincoln, University of

371

S I L B E R M A N S C H O O L  

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-396-7647 EMAIL: mary.cavanaugh@hunter.cuny.edu Area of Expertise: s Intimate Partner Violence s Pervention s Mental Health Recent Publications: Cavanaugh, M.M., & Gelles, R.J. (in press). Intimate violence and curriculum for a preventative intervention for males at risk for IPV.. Violence Against Women, 17(5), 1

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Learning Nonlinear Functions Using Regularized Greedy Forest  

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1 Learning Nonlinear Functions Using Regularized Greedy Forest Rie Johnson RJ Research Consulting Tong Zhang Rutgers University Abstract We consider the problem of learning a forest of nonlinear learns decision forests via fully-corrective regularized greedy search using the underlying forest

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Ris-R-1326(EN) Proceedings of the ENDOW Workshop  

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Risø-R-1326(EN) Proceedings of the ENDOW Workshop 'Offshore Wakes: measurements and Modelling' R.J. Barthelmie (editor) Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde March 2002 #12;ENDOW WORKSHOP Risø, DK March 2002 2 Windfarms (ENDOW)' and featured a series of eight presentations discussing modelling of wakes and boundary

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Effects of gravity and pressure on laminar coflow methaneair diffusion flames at pressures from 1 to 60 atmospheres  

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Effects of gravity and pressure on laminar coflow methane­air diffusion flames at pressures from 1 to 60 atmospheres Marc R.J. Charest , Clinton P.T. Groth, �mer L. Gülder University of Toronto January 2011 Available online 12 February 2011 Keywords: High pressure combustion Zero-gravity combustion

Groth, Clinton P. T.

375

ENERGY FLOW AND DEPOSITION IN A 4-MW MUON-COLLIDER TARGET SYSTEM  

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ENERGY FLOW AND DEPOSITION IN A 4-MW MUON-COLLIDER TARGET SYSTEM N. Souchlas , R.J. Weggel, Particle Beam Lasers, Inc., Northridge, CA 91324, USA, H.G Kirk, H.K. Sayed, BNL, Upton, NY 11973, USA, X tungsten shielding, as well as consideration of removing the 5-T re- sistive copper coils, thereby reducing

McDonald, Kirk

376

BEAM-POWER DEPOSITION IN A 4-MW TARGET STATION FOR A MUON COLLIDER OR A NEUTRINO FACTORY  

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, which leads to a stored magnetic energy over 3 GJ in the target-system magnets. The subse- quent SC coil system. Nine- teen SC coils with fields from 20 down to 1.5 T surround the WC shielding, the 5 RS coils. Souchlas, R.J. Weggel, Particle Beam Lasers, Inc., Northridge, CA 91324, USA H.G. Kirk, BNL, Upton, NY

McDonald, Kirk

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Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 118: 000000, 2006 September 2006. The Astronomical Society of the Pacific. All rights reserved. Printed in U.S.A.  

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Science Center, Gainesville, FL 32611-2055. 9 Isaac Newton Group of Telescopes, Apartado de Correos 321, E orbital period is 3.941634 0.000137 days, the planetary radius is 1.34 0.12 , and the inclination isR RJ J

Norton, Andrew J.

378

UBC Faculty Publications Collection (various collectors)  

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. Armitage, W.A.J. Armstrong, J.E. Armstrong, W.D. Armstrong, W.M. Arnot, C. Arshad, M.A. Ashley, L Bartlett, Neil Bartlett, Paul D. Barton, G.M. Barman, R.J. Bary, B.M. Basco, N. Basham, A.L. Basham, P

Handy, Todd C.

379

The influence of Tai Chi training on the center of pressure trajectory during gait initiation in older adults 1 1 No commercial party having a direct financial interest in the results of the research supporting this article has or will confer a benefit upon the author(s) or upon any organization with which the author(s) is\\/are associated  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hass CJ, Gregor RJ, Waddell DE, Oliver A, Smith DW, Fleming RP, Wolf SL. The influence of Tai Chi training on the center of pressure trajectory during gait initiation in older adults. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2004;85:1593–8.

Chris J. Hass; Robert J. Gregor; Dwight E. Waddell; Alanna Oliver; Dagan W. Smith; Richard P. Fleming; Steven L. Wolf

2004-01-01

380

Multi-scale Random Field Models Marco A. R. Ferreira  

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Multi-scale Random Field Models Marco A. R. Ferreira Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil of the different levels are compatible. Analogously to Address for correspondence: Marco A. R. Ferreira: 68530, Rio de Janeiro - RJ, CEP: 21945-970, Brazil E-mail: marco@im.ufrj.br #12;2 Marco A. R. Ferreira

West, Mike

381

PHARMACOLOGIC PROBING OF AMPHOTERICIN B-INDUCED RENAL DYSFUNCTION IN THE NEONATAL RAT  

EPA Science Inventory

Pharmacologic Probing of Amphotericin B-Induced Renal Dysfunction in the Neonatal Rat. Gray, J.A., and Kavlock, R.J. (1988). Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 93, 360-368. Acetazolamide, furosemide, chlorothiazide, and amiloride pharmacologic agents that act primarily in the proximal tub...

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Dispatching Equal-length Jobs to Parallel Machines to Maximize Throughput  

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Dispatching Equal-length Jobs to Parallel Machines to Maximize Throughput David P. Bunde1, nonpreemptive scheduling of equal-length jobs on parallel machines. Jobs have arbitrary release times and deadlines and a scheduler's goal is to maximize the number of completed jobs (Pm | rj, pj = p | P 1 - Uj

Goldwasser, Michael

383

Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids 77 (2007) 363366 Heparin, lipoproteins, and oxygenated fatty acids in blood  

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, and oxygenated fatty acids in blood: A cautionary note$ T.L. Goodfrienda,b,Ã?, T.L. Pedersene , R.J. Grekinc,d , B before blood is drawn and if lipase inhibitors are omitted from stored samples. Published by Elsevier Ltd to be incorporated into the complex lipids of blood cells and lipoproteins. Heparin is often administered to humans

Hammock, Bruce D.

384

Protective role of Royal Jelly (honeybee) on genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, induced by petroleum wastewater, in Allium cepa L. root tips  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the present study, the protective effect of Royal Jelly (RJ) on genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, induced by petroleum wastewater, in Allium cepa L. root?tip cells was investigated. For this purpose, we used the malondialdehyde (MDA) level, mitotic index (MI), frequency of micronucleus (MN) and chromosomal aberrations (CAs) as indicators of genotoxicity and lipid peroxidation, and correlated these data with

Zafer Türkmen; Külti?in Çavu?o?lu; Kür?at Çavu?o?lu; Kür?ad Yapar; Emine Yalçin

2009-01-01

385

SHOPPING GENIE Ethernet cables must  

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. An Ethernet cable is needed for best connec- tion and speed in the resi- dence halls. There is ONE high-speedSHOPPING GENIE Ethernet cables must be at least CAT-5 and have RJ-45 con- nectors. The average such as Radio Shack, & Best Buy also carry Ethernet cables. A COMPUTER & PRINTER. Most stu- dents bring both

Cantlon, Jessica F.

386

10GBASE10GBASE--T:T: 10Gbit/s Ethernet over copper10Gbit/s Ethernet over copper  

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UTP copper is ubiquitous 4-pair UTP cable + RJ-45 connector: fast, secure, cheap 4 Ethernet over UTP1 10GBASE10GBASE--T:T: 10Gbit/s Ethernet over copper10Gbit/s Ethernet over copper NEWCOMContents Introduction & Ethernet evolution Link characteristics 10GBASE-T modulation and equalization 10GBASE-T coding

Chen, Sheng

387

IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING JOURNAL , VOL. XX, NO. XX, XX 1 The secrets to the success of the RushLarsen  

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and Statistics, Uni- versity of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E6, Canada (email: mel864@mail of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S7N 5E6, Canada (email: saeed.torabi@usask.ca) Corresponding author. R.J. Spiteri is with the Department of Computer Science, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, S

Spiteri, Raymond J.

388

Potential Operation and Maintenance (O&M) Savings in the Clinical Science Building at UTMB  

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and mass balance equations: t x(Tnom -rj + m^, x(Troom -To) = ^- where, T,^^ is the room temperature, Qkt and Q^ are the sensible loads at the interior zone and exterior zone respectively, m^.mt and m^ext are the cold deck air supply to the interior...

Liu, M.; Athar, A.; Claridge, D. E.; Reddy, T. A.; Haberl, J. S.

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389

Document History and Version Control Record Name of Document: Indigenous Researcher Strategy 2007-2010.  

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2008 Prof R.J. Wasson N/A INDIGENOUS RESEARCHER STRATEGY 2008­2010 Charles Darwin University CONTENTS RESEARCH Charles Darwin University has Indigenous Research as one of its main areas of research focus peoples and Indigenous Australian communities and organisations. Charles Darwin University interprets

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Localized ionization patches in the nighttime ionosphere of Mars and their electrodynamic consequences  

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consequences M.O. Fillingim a,*, L.M. Peticolas a , R.J. Lillis a , D.A. Brain a , J.S. Halekas a , D of enhanced ionization are localized and occur near magnetic cusps. Horizontal gradients in the calculated as a function of local time and season, can generate large (up to 1000 nA/m2 ) and spatially structured

California at Berkeley, University of

391

CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS  

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CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS Andrew R a square root in k. We classify the algebras Tor R . (R/J, k) as J varies over all grade four almost]. The present paper makes use of the classification, in [21], of the Tor-algebras of codimension four Gorenstein

Kustin, Andrew R.

392

CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS  

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CLASSIFICATION OF THE TOR-ALGEBRAS OF CODIMENSION FOUR ALMOST COMPLETE INTERSECTIONS Andrew R a square root in k. We classify the algebras TorR · (R/J, k) as J varies over all grade four almost]. The present paper makes use of the classification, in [21], of the Tor-algebras of codimension four Gorenstein

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Integrating grouse habitat and forestry: an example using the ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus in Minnesota  

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Integrating grouse habitat and forestry: an example using the ruffed grouse Bonasa umbellus´rrez, R.J. 2007: Integrating grouse habitat and forestry: an example using the ruffed grouse Bonasa grouse Bonasa umbellus drumming display sites to develop tree stocking guides as a tool for guiding

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EPA Science Inventory

Evaluation of biologically based dose-response modeling for developmental toxicity: a workshop report. Lau C, Andersen ME, Crawford-Brown DJ, Kavlock RJ, Kimmel CA, Knudsen TB, Muneoka K, Rogers JM, Setzer RW, Smith G, Tyl R. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL...

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CYTOKINE MRNA PROFILES FOR ISOCYANATES WITH KNOWN AND UNKNOWN POTENTIAL TO INDUCE RESPIRATORY SENSITIZATION  

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Cytokine mRNA Profiles for Isocyanates with Known and Unknown Potential to Induce Respiratory Sensitization. Plitnick, L.M., Loveless, S.E., Ladics, G.S., Holsapple, M.P., Smialowicz, R.J., Woolhiser, M.R., Anderson, P.K., Smith, C., Sailstad, D.M. and Selgrade, M.J.K (2002) Tox...

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DCCPS: Health Behavior Constructs: Theory, Measurement, & Research  

Cancer.gov

Cameron, L.D., Booth R.J., Schlatter, M., Ziginskas D., Harman, J.E., Benson, S.R.C. (2005). Cognitive and affective determinants of decision to attend a group psychosocial support program for women with breast cancer. Psychosomatic Medicine, 67, 584-589.

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Development of a simple and sensitive fluorimetric method for isolation of coumaphos-hydrolysing bacteria  

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-hydrolysing bacteria R.L. Harcourt*, I. Horne, T.D. Sutherland, B.D. Hammock1 , R.J. Russell and J.G. Oakeshott . Incorporation of coumaphos into agar plates allowed the rapid detection of coumaphos-hydrolysing bacteria when tool to screen for bacteria possessing phosphotriesterase activity. INTRODUCTION Organophosphorus (OP

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EFFECT OF AN ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MOLINATE ON OVULATION IN THE LONG-EVANS HOODED RAT  

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EFFECT OF AN ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MOLINATE ON OVULATION IN THE LONG-EVANS HOODED RAT. T E Stoker, D L Guidici, S C Jeffay, W K McElroy, S D Perreault and R L Cooper. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, ORD, US EPA, RTP, NC. Sponsor: RJ Kavlock. Molinate, a thiocarbamate ...

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In vitro study of the dose effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on rumen digestion of a mixed diet  

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In vitro study of the dose effect of Saccharomyces cerevisiae on rumen digestion of a mixed diet JP suggested as a mean of stabilizing rumen microbial digestion in animals fed diets rich in starch (RJ Wallace of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (I-1077)* (SC) were tested in Rusitec to study their effects on rumen digestive

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

400

Curriculum, Pedagogy, and the Cambridge Primary Review: A Response to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article presents the author's response to R.J. Campbell's critique of the "Cambridge Primary Review," which was published in the autumn of 2009. The author argues that Campbell's description of the "Review's" central proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking and inadequately theorised" is so misjudged as to call for a…

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2011-01-01

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P. Chandra -Curriculum Vitae Center for Materials Theory Tel: (848) 445-9028  

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P. Chandra - Curriculum Vitae Center for Materials Theory Tel: (848) 445-9028 Department of Physics of the Exposure Rate Constant for I-125 Using a Scintillation Detector," R.J. Schulz, P. Chandra and R. Nath, Medical Physics, 7, 4 (1980). 2. "Refractive Index Data from GaxIn1-xAsyP1-y," P. Chandra, L. Coldren

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Sediment Chemistry of the Colorado River Delta of Lake Powell, Utah, 2001  

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#12;Sediment Chemistry of the Colorado River Delta of Lake Powell, Utah, 2001 By R.J. Hart, H.E., 2005, Sediment chemistry of the Colorado River delta of Lake Powell, Utah, 2001: U.S. Gelogical Survey.....................................................................................................................................4 Sediment Core Processing and Preservation

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Structural stability of polymer matrix composite panels in fire  

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Structural stability of polymer matrix composite panels in fire Pei Gu a,*, Ming Dao b , R.J. Asaro Structural integrity in fire a b s t r a c t Development in advanced composite fabrication technology offers by fire. This paper addresses the compressive load-bearing capacity for polymer matrix composite panels

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ENGINEERING FEATURES OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE)  

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ENGINEERING FEATURES OF THE FUSION IGNITION RESEARCH EXPERIMENT (FIRE) R.J. Thomea and P.J. Heitzenroederb for the FIRE Design Team a MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, 185 Albany St, Cambridge, MA, USA Box 451, Princeton, NJ, USA 08543 The FIRE tokamak is an option for the next step in the US magnetic

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Documenta Ophthalmologica 60, 79-92 (1985). 9 Dr Ix' JunkPublishers, Dordrecht. Printed in the Netherlands.  

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retinal sites R.S. SNELGAR~, D.H. FOSTER1**, J.R. HERON2, R.E. JONES2* and R.J. MASON3 i Department of temporal visual function, shown by increased perceptual latencies (Heron et al., 1974; Regan et al., 1976 properties of vision are dependent * Present address: Department of Neurology, General Hospital, Nottingham

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406

H.C. PAUL Lee Department of Physics and Institute for Systems Biology and Bioinformatics  

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``Evaluation of the Current Models for the Evolution of Bacterial DNA Uptake Signal Sequences'' Journal Chu, HC Lee and Tom Lenaerts ``Emergence of Uptake Sequence in Bacterial DNA'' Artificial Life 11 and RJ Redfield ``Evolutionary stability of uptake signal sequence in the Pasteurellaceae'' Proc. Nat

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ORIMULSION: REPORT TO CONGRESS ON PHASE 1 OF THE ORIMULSION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMERNT PROGRAM: VOLUME 1: PROJECT REPORT/SUMMARY  

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PUB REPORT NRMRL-RTP-193a Miller*, C.A., Dreher, KL, Wentsel*, R., and Nadeau*, R.J. Environmental Impacts of the Use of Orimulsion: Report to Congress on Phase 1 of the Orimulsion Technology Assessmernt Program: Volume 1:. 2001. EPA/600/R-01/056a (NTIS PB2002-109039). 05/15/200...

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ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ORIMULSION (R): REPORT TO CONGRESS ON PHASE I OF THE ORIMULSION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM, VOLUME 2: PROJECT REPORT/SUMMARY  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-193b Miller*, C.A., Dreher, KL, Wentsel*, R., and Nadeau*, R.J. Environmental Impacts of the Use of Orimulsion (R): Report to Congress on Phase I of the Orimulsion Technology Assessment Program, Volume 2. 2001. EPA/600/R-01/056b (NTIS PB2002-109040). 05/15/2000 The rep...

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Coroutines in Lua Ana Lucia de Moura, Noemi Rodriguez and Roberto Ierusalimschy  

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Coroutines in Lua Ana L´ucia de Moura, Noemi Rodriguez and Roberto Ierusalimschy Computer Science Department ­ PUC-Rio Rua M. S. Vicente 225, 22453-900 Rio de Janeiro RJ, Brazil ana,noemi, roberto¡ @inf to developers of multitasking applications, who investigate the advantages of cooperative task management

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Sunco formulation Spring 2011 Phillips  

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of crude oil types. Parameters pi = price of crude oil i per barrel in dollars; rj = revenue in dollars costs, crude oil purchases, gas sale revenues, and crude oil processing costs. The calculation of each gas type produced and each crude oil type purchased are represented by (b) and (c). The constraint (d

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK, LSKURS KOK021 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course, Theory  

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK, L�SKURS KOK021 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course, Theory Poäng: 5.0 Betygskala). Litteratur: Carey, F.A.; Sundberg, R.J.: Advanced Organic Chemistry, 3:e uppl., Plenum Press, New York and London, 1990. Kompendium: Organisk kemi, fortsättningskurs. Warren, S.: Designing Organic Syntheses, John

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Chemistry 541 Organic Structure and Reactivity  

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Chemistry 541 Organic Structure and Reactivity Spring 2014 Instructor Dr. Kyle Plunkett Office by my office Required Text and Materials: 1) Text: "March's Advanced Organic Chemistry", 6th edition, M.B. Smith and J. March 2) Text: "Advanced Organic Chemistry; Part A", 5th Ed. F. A. Carey and R.J. Sundberg

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413

ORGANISK KEMI, FK KOK 020 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course  

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK KOK 020 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course Antal poäng: 10.0. Valfri för: K4Bi resultat från laborationskursen. Litteratur Carey, F.A. & Sundberg, R.J.: Advanced Organic Chemistry, 3rd.: Designing Organic Syntheses, John Wiley, N.Y. 1983. #12;

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK KOK020 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course  

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK KOK020 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course Poäng: 10.0 Betygskala: TH Kursansvarig. Litteratur: Carey, F.A. & Sundberg, R.J.: Advanced Organic Chemistry, 3rd ed., Plenum Press, New York - London, 1990. Kompendium: Organisk kemi, fortsättningskurs. Warren, S.: Designing Organic Syntheses, John

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK, LSKURS KOK 021 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course, Theory  

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ORGANISK KEMI, FK, L�SKURS KOK 021 Organic Chemistry, Advanced Course, Theory Antal poäng: 5, Fortsättningskurs (KOK 020). Litteratur Carey, F.A.; Sundberg, R.J.: Advanced Organic Chemistry, 3:e uppl., Plenum Organic Syntheses, John Wiley, New York, 1993. #12;

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Conservation science and elephant management in southern Africa R.J. van Aarde* , T.P. Jackson* and S.M. Ferreira* T HE PREVAILING INCREASE IN ELEPHANT numbers across areas of southern Africa raises southern Africa. These should facilitate local movements and regional dispersal both within and even

Pretoria, University of

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Numerical and experimental study of soot formation in laminar diffusion flames burning simulated biogas fuels at elevated pressures  

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biogas fuels at elevated pressures Marc R.J. Charest , �mer L. Gülder, Clinton P.T. Groth University 18 April 2014 Available online 2 June 2014 Keywords: Soot formation High pressure combustion Biogas, and other chemical species that are harmful to human health and the environment. Gaseous biofuels, or biogas

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SEASONAL VARIATIONS in TOXICITY of BUTTER CLAMS from SELECTED ALASKA BEACHES I Marine Biological L IN TOXICITY OF BUTTER CLAMS PSOM SELBGTED ALASKA BEACHES By J&im S. Chasnibers a^d Harris W, Magnassoa in the clams of Sou'Hheastera Alaska condacted hy the Jish&rj Products LahoratoTy, Zet'Shikan,!,' was di

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Cisco Inter-network Operating System (IOS) A short guide for the NetAdmin  

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Cisco Inter-network Operating System (IOS) A short guide for the NetAdmin Angelos Stavrou Let there is no Magic so lets see show things work in practice... Things to remember before delving into Cisco IOS: How Stop Bit Console and AUX Connectors for Cisco Routers Connector Graphic RJ45 #12;DB25 DCE DB25 DTE

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Protons and Electrons in Jupiter's Magnetic Field: Results from the University of Chicago Experiment on Pioneer 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluxes of high energy electrons and protons are found to be highly concentrated near the magnetic equatorial plane from distances of ~ 30 to ~ 100 Jovian radii (RJ). The 10-hour period of planetary rotation is observed as an intensity variation, which indicates that the equatorial zone of high particle fluxes is inclined with respect to the rotation axis of

J. A. Simpson; G. Lentz; R. B. McKibben; A. Mogro-Campero; M. Perkins; K. R. Pyle; A. J. Tuzzolino; J. J. O'Gallagher

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A HIGH-FIELD PULSED SOLENOID MAGNET FOR LIQUID METAL TARGET STUDIES  

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. Scaduto, R.J. Weggel, BNL, Upton, NY 11973, USA G. Mulholland, Applied Cryogenics Technology, Ovilla, TX parameters for a pulsed solenoid, including the magnet cryogenic sys- tem and power supply, that can generate studies have been car- ried out for rotating-band targets, a tantalum/water target, and a liquid

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422

Domestic Pacification  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes a Department of Defense program in which, each year since 1968, the Federal Government has taken an increasingly large number of impressionable ghetto children, and attempted to mold them into right-thinking individuals"--as defined by the Department of Defense. (RJ)

Corey, George D.; Cohen, Richard A.

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423

An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1  

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An image-based shading pipeline for 2D animation Hedlena Bezerra1 Bruno Feij´o1 Luiz Velho2 1 PUC 110 22460-320 Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil lvelho@impa.br Abstract Shading for cel animation based on images is a recent research topic in computer-assisted animation. This paper proposes an image

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

424

1494 Anal. Chem. 1988, 60, 1494-1498 related to the relatively small number of total ions utilized  

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1494 Anal. Chem. 1988, 60, 1494-1498 related to the relatively small number of total ions utilized, J. M. Int. J. Mass Spectrom. Ion Phys. 1980. 34. 197. Cotter, R.'J. Anal. Chem. 1984, 56, 485A.; Derrick, P. J. Anal. Chem. 1988, 58, 165R. Hliienkamp, R. H. "Laser Desorption Mass Spectrometry

Chait, Brian T.

425

Chipping Away at Tobacco Traditions in Tobacco Country: Tobacco Industry Political Influence and Tobacco Policy Making in North Carolina 1969-2011  

Microsoft Academic Search

North Carolina, the top U.S. tobacco producing state and home to RJ Reynolds and Lorillard tobacco companies, has a historic, economic, and social legacy tied to tobacco, creating particular resistance to tobacco control efforts. The tobacco manufacturers historically relied on tobacco grower organizations, which had more influence on political and public opinion than tobacco manufacturers, to act on their behalf

Michelle Washington; Richard L Barnes; Stanton Glantz

2011-01-01

426

Birth Control Experience Among Pregnant Adolescents: The Process of Unplanned Parenthood  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Questions the common assumption that premarital pregnancy is specially motivated. Contends that it is usually the unanticipated outcome of sexual activity. Results of research on sample of 337 unmarried black teenagers indicates that experience with birth control was strongly related to the way sex was viewed by their mothers. (RJ)

Furstenberg, Frank F.

1971-01-01

427

Calcretes, fluviolacustrine sediments and subsidence patterns in Permo-Triassic salt-walled minibasins of the south Urals, Russia  

E-print Network

Calcretes, fluviolacustrine sediments and subsidence patterns in Permo-Triassic salt 1RJ, UK àBritish Geological Survey, Murchison House, West Mains Road, Edinburgh EH9 3LA, UK §SchoolCaspian salt tectonic province. The basin can potentially add much to the understanding of fluviolacustrine

Benton, Michael

428

TFTR D-T Technology Papers & Publications 15th IEEE/NPSS Symposium on Fusion Engineering  

E-print Network

Structure for 6 Tesla Operation Cargulia, Guy / L. Lontai, I. Zatz 5. The Design and Employment of a System Lawson, J.E. / M.G. Bell, R.J. Marsala, D. Mueller 13. Model for TFTR Motor-Generator (MG) Lu, E. / G

429

Universittsmedizin Gttingen Publikationen und Hochschulschriften 2007  

E-print Network

) Putative human male germ cells from bone marrow stem cells. Soc Reprod Fertil Suppl, 63: 69-76. 7. Dullin C reactivation of hepatitis B virus infection in an anti-HBs and anti-HBc-positive patient after allogeneic stem for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. BONE MARROW TRANSPL, 40(11): 1007-17. 12. Gralla RJ, Griesinger F (2007

Gollisch, Tim

430

news and views 570 nature structural biology volume 8 number 7 july 2001  

E-print Network

and Robert T. Clubb are in the Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Molecular Biology Institute.T.C. email: rclubb@ mbi.ucla.edu 1. Bottomley, M.J. et al. Nature Struct. Biol. 8, 626­633 (2001). 2. Gibson, 399­403 (1997). 9. Michelson, R.J. et al. J. Biol. Chem. 274, 30510­30519 (1999). 10. Smith, D

Lim, Wendell

431

NCI-CCR Pediatric Oncology Branch - Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Profile Listings - Rhonda Robert  

Cancer.gov

Robert RS, Paxton RJ, Palla SL, Yang G, Askins MA, Joy SE, Ater JL. Feasibility, Reliability, and Validity of the Pediatric Quality of Life InventoryT Generic Core Scales, Cancer Module, and Multidimensional Fatigue Scale in Long-Term Adult Survivors of Pediatric Cancer.

432

NCI-CCR Pediatric Oncology Branch - Pediatric Psycho-Oncology Professionals Profile Listings - Ursula Sansom-Daly  

Cancer.gov

Sansom-Daly, U.M., Peate, M., Wakefield, C.E., Bryant, R.A., Cohn, R.J. (2011, November 7). A Systematic Review of Psychological Interventions for Adolescents and Young Adults Living with Chronic Illness. Health Psychology. Advance online publication.

433

Computational Genomics Fall Semester, 2006 Lecture 7: December 5, 2006  

E-print Network

and ri and rj form a valid base pair. This definition can be further restricted so that adjacent bases-Ukelson Scribe: Erez Katzenelson and Ofer Lavi 7.1 RNA Basics 7.1.1 Introduction - RNA Base Pairing The RNA (RiboNucleic Acid) is a biological polymer similar to DNA, except for three main differences: (a) its sugar

Shamir, Ron

434

Agenda  

Cancer.gov

Agenda December 03, 2002 8:30 - 8:35 am RJ Hine, NSRG Introduction and Purpose 8:35 - 8:40 am P Greenwald Welcome 8:40 - 9:00 am What clues do alterations in genes and gene expression patterns provide about how nutrients or bioactive food components

435

Valence Specific Laterality Effects in Prosody: Expectancy Account and the Effects of Morphed Prosody and Stimulus Lead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of studies have demonstrated a right hemisphere (RH) advantage for the perception of emotions. Other studies have found that the involvement of each hemisphere is valence specific, with the RH better at perceiving negative emotions and the LH better at perceiving positive emotions [Reuter-Lorenz, P., & Davidson, R.J. (1981)…

Rodway, Paul; Schepman, Astrid

2007-01-01

436

Karlsruher Institut fur Technologie Lehrstuhl fur Programmierparadigmen  

E-print Network

Preston Briggs, Keith D. Cooper and Linda Torczon - Improvements to Graph Coloring Register Allocation 3 #12¨arben + Auslagern 2 #12;F¨uhren Sie f¨ur das Programm aus Aufgabe 1 eine Registerzuteilung nach dem Chaitin/Briggs coloring" Technik von Briggs et. al. a . Interferenzgraph i ri j r t res rj Auslagerungskosten Die Kosten

Snelting, Gregor

437

Identification of the Wax Ester Synthase/Acyl-Coenzyme A:Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase WSD1 Required for  

E-print Network

Identification of the Wax Ester Synthase/Acyl-Coenzyme A:Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase WSD1 Required for Stem Wax Ester Biosynthesis in Arabidopsis1,2[W][OA] Fengling Li, Xuemin Wu, Patricia Lam Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z1 (R.J.) Wax esters are neutral lipids composed of aliphatic alcohols and acids

Kunst, Ljerka

438

Relative Closure and the Complexity of Pfaffian Elimination 1 ...  

E-print Network

In this paper, we introduce the “relative closure” operation (see Definition 3.5 below) on one-parametric ..... the sets U selected for different points x0 cover X, a countable covering of X by these sets can ..... J be a natural projection along RJ .

1910-20-53

439

Restorative Justice as Reflective Practice and Applied Pedagogy on College Campuses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Restorative justice (RJ) is both a methodology for dealing with conflict and a process for modeling more positive human relations after social harm. As both method and process, the benefits of developing restorative practices on college campuses go well beyond just the many positive community-oriented outcomes of facilitated conflict resolution…

Rinker, Jeremy A.; Jonason, Chelsey

2014-01-01

440

Huge compact flux avalanches in superconducting Nb thin films  

E-print Network

Huge compact flux avalanches in superconducting Nb thin films M.S. Welling *, R.J. Westerwaal, W avalanches (HCAs for brevity), very much like some snow-avalanches and unlike the rough dendritic flux of thermo-magnetic avalanches as proposed by Aranson et al. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 87 (2001) 067003

Wijngaarden, Rinke J.

441

EARTH PRP-004 Progress Report February June 2005  

E-print Network

EARTH PRP-004 Progress Report February ­June 2005 4 July 2005. R.J. de Meijer Kernfysisch document presents an overview of the essential events related to the Earth AntineutRino TomograpHy (EARTH Committee. Although EARTH was only mentioned in the future outlook and not as a part of the evaluation

Learned, John

442

Quaternary Science Reviews 23 (2004) 11731182 Optical and radiocarbon ages of stacked paleosols and dune sands  

E-print Network

and dune sands in the Nebraska Sand Hills, USA R.J. Goble*, Joseph A. Mason, David B. Loope, James B In the episodically active eolian dune fields of the Great Plains, buried soils provide crucial evidence for periods of time during which the dunes were grass- covered and immobile (e.g. Ahlbrandt et al., 1983; Loope et al

Loope, David B.

443

KIRBY W. KEMPER Department of Physics Fax: (850) 644-8630  

E-print Network

(1981) M.F. Vineyard (1984) M.E. Clark (1984) D.P. Sanderson (1986) S.P. Van Verst (1988) D.E. Trcka.J. Kekelis (1975) G.M. Hudson (1976) R.J. Puigh (1976) L.H. Harwood (1978) R.I. Cutler (1979) C.W. Glover

Weston, Ken

444

Hydrobiologia 494: 8391, 2003. B. Kronvang (ed.), The Interactions between Sediments and Water.  

E-print Network

sedimentation in catchment contaminant budgets D. E. Walling & P. N. Owens1 Department of Geography, University of Exeter, Exeter, EX4 4RJ, U.K. E-mail: d.e.walling@exeter.ac.uk 1Present address: National Soil Resources during overbank flows (cf. Hudson-Edwards et al., 1999; Walling et al., 2000). Such deposition has two

Owens, Philip

445

An Electrophysiological Cardiac Model Approach to Measuring T-Wave Alternans  

E-print Network

An Electrophysiological Cardiac Model Approach to Measuring T-Wave Alternans MA Mneimneh, RJ is to automatically identify and measure T-wave alternans. The study presented here applies an electrophysiological is that the existence and magnitude of T-wave alternans can be identified and measured using a cardiac inverse problem

Povinelli, Richard J.

446

Celebrating 150 years of Veterinary Excellence  

E-print Network

Black · Richard A Black · Bob · In memory of Lizette Bolton · RJ & CE Bradley · James R Brown · Rick Cain · Duncan Cameron BVMS · Ian D Cameron 1953-58 · Iain G Cameron · Allan Campbell · Heather Campbell

Glasgow, University of

447

5 Conclusions We have presented our approach to Nbody simu  

E-print Network

. Kalia and Priya Vashishta. Nova Science Publishers, Inc. New York. 1995. [5] E.G. Coffman and R, in The Characteristics of Parallel Algorithms, D.B. Gannon, L.H. Jamieson and R.J. Douglass (Eds), MIT Press, 1987, pp363

Yang, Tao

448

Linux LTE 2 -ISSBA Anne universitaire 2007-2008  

E-print Network

par des câbles dédiés (coaxial, RJ45, fibre optique) des ondes radio (Wifi) CPL (Courant porteur de.info.univ-angers.fr login: richer password: xxxxx Sur certains sites il existe un identifiant par défaut : login : anonymous password : saisir son adresse email #12;21 Commandes ftp les commandes standard sur la machine

Richer, Jean-Michel

449

R.J.Aspden, S.Vardy, R.G. Perkins, I.R. Davidson1 , R. Bates and D.M. Paterson  

E-print Network

R.J.Aspden, S.Vardy, R.G. Perkins, I.R. Davidson1 , R. Bates and D.M. Paterson 160 Hydrology of surface sediments in the lagoon of Venice, Italy R.J. Aspden1 , S. Vardy1 , R.G. Perkins1 , I.R. Davidson1

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

450

3D scientific visualization of reservoir simulation post-processing  

SciTech Connect

This paper describes a 3D visualization software designed at PETROBRAS and TecGraf/PUC-RJ in Brazil for the analysis of reservoir engineering post-processing data. It offers an advanced functional environment on graphical workstations with intuitive and ergonomic interface. Applications to real reservoir models show the enriching features of the software.

Sousa, M.C.; Miranda-Filho, D.N.

1994-12-31

451

Cleaning mutualism in Santa Luzia (Cape Verde Archipelago) and Sa~o Tome Islands,  

E-print Network

, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Nitero´i, RJ 24001-970, Brazil, 8 California Academy of Sciences, 55 Music mutualism is defined as the interaction between the `cleaner' which removes parasites, dead skin, scales). Cleaning stations are described as an important factor affecting the small-scale distribution and density

Floeter, Sergio Ricardo

452

Presence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Waterfowl and Wetlands during Summer 2010 in California: Are  

E-print Network

Presence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Waterfowl and Wetlands during Summer 2010 in California for low pathogenic avian influenza viruses (LPAIv), the environment plays a critical role RJ, Fleskes JP, Ip HS (2012) Presence of Avian Influenza Viruses in Waterfowl and Wetlands during

Mladenoff, David

453

WASP-35b, WASP-48b, and HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b: Two New Planets and an Independent Discovery of a Hat Planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the detection of WASP-35b, a planet transiting a metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -0.15) star in the Southern hemisphere, WASP-48b, an inflated planet which may have spun-up its slightly evolved host star of 1.75 R sun in the Northern hemisphere, and the independent discovery of HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b, a new planet in the Northern hemisphere. Using WASP, RISE, Faulkes Telescope South, and TRAPPIST photometry, with CORALIE, SOPHIE, and NOT spectroscopy, we determine that WASP-35b has a mass of 0.72 ± 0.06 MJ and radius of 1.32 ± 0.05RJ , and orbits with a period of 3.16 days, WASP-48b has a mass of 0.98 ± 0.09 MJ , radius of 1.67 ± 0.10 RJ , and orbits in 2.14 days, while HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b, with an orbital period of 2.81 days, is found to have a mass of 0.76 ± 0.05 MJ and radius of 1.42 ± 0.03 RJ , agreeing with values of 0.71 ± 0.03 MJ and 1.34 ± 0.07 RJ reported for HAT-P-30b.

Enoch, B.; Anderson, D. R.; Barros, S. C. C.; Brown, D. J. A.; Collier Cameron, A.; Faedi, F.; Gillon, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lister, T. A.; Queloz, D.; Santerne, A.; Smalley, B.; Street, R. A.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; West, R. G.; Bouchy, F.; Bento, J.; Butters, O.; Fossati, L.; Haswell, C. A.; Hellier, C.; Holmes, S.; Jehin, E.; Lendl, M.; Maxted, P. F. L.; McCormac, J.; Miller, G. R. M.; Moulds, V.; Moutou, C.; Norton, A. J.; Parley, N.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Segransan, D.; Simpson, E.; Skillen, I.; Smith, A. M. S.; Udry, S.; Wheatley, P. J.

2011-09-01

454

A Handbook for Teachers of Italian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook for teachers of Italian consists of a collection of 16 essays by noted professionals in the field of Italian instruction: (1) "Fundamentals of Language Learning and Language Instruction," by A. Papalia; (2) "Linguistic Methodology and the Teacher of Italian," by R.J. Di Pietro; (3) "Preparation for Language Teaching," by F.J. Bosco;…

Mollica, Anthony, Ed.

455

OriginalresearchnNeuroradiology 560 radiology.rsna.org n Radiology: Volume 267: Number 2--May 2013  

E-print Network

OriginalresearchnNeuroradiology 560 radiology.rsna.org n Radiology: Volume 267: Number 2--May 2013 Ford Hospital, Detroit, Mich (L.S., T.M., R.J.); Department of Radiology, University of Virginia.J.C.); Department of Radiology, Northwestern University, Chicago, Ill (P.M., V.K.); SAIC-Frederick Inc, Frederick

Rubin, Daniel L.

456

Electrooxidation of ethylene glycol on a Pt-film electrode studied by combined in-situ IR spectroscopy and on-line mass spectrometry  

E-print Network

spectroscopy and on-line mass spectrometry J. Schnaidt* , M. Heinen , Z. Jusys, and R.J. Behm* Institute adlayer was followed by highly surface sensitive, in-situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy while the volatile: Adsorption kinetics, Spectro-electrochemistry, Attenuated total reflection IR spectroscopy, DEMS, Thin

Ulm, Universität

457

REVISING EPA'S GUIDELINES FOR THE DERIVATIONS OF AQUATIC LIFE AMBIENT WATER QUALITY CRITERIA  

EPA Science Inventory

Henry, T.R., H.E. Bell, C.G. Delos, R.J. Erickson, K.M. Kubena and F.L. Mayer. In press. Revising EPA's Guidelines for the Derivation of Aquatic Life Ambient Water Quality Criteria (Abstract). To be presented at the SETAC Fourth World Congress, 14-18 November 2004, Portland, OR. ...

458

Evaluation of the immunomodulatory activities of royal jelly components in vitro.  

PubMed

In this work the effect of different components isolated from royal jelly (RJ) was studied using an in vitro rat T-cell proliferation assay. We found that lower concentrations of MEL 174 (final water extract of RJ) and MEL 147 (3-10-dihydroxydecanoic acid) stimulated T-cell proliferation, triggered by concanavalin A (Con-A) and the process was followed by an increase in the production of interleukin-2 (IL-2). Higher concentrations of MEL 174, MEL 247 (dry powder of RJ) and MEL 138 (trans-10-hydroxydec-2-enoic acid) inhibited T-cell proliferation. The inhibition of T-cell proliferation in the presence of MEL 174 was followed by a decrease in IL-2 production, which was partly abrogated by exogenous IL-2, a decrease in nitric oxide (NO) production and increased apoptosis. In conclusion, our results showed the complexity of biological activity of RJ and suggest that its water extract possesses the most potent immunomodulatory activity in vitro. PMID:18075862

Gasic, Sonja; Vucevic, Dragana; Vasilijic, Sasa; Antunovic, Mirjana; Chinou, Ioanna; Colic, Miodrag

2007-01-01

459

Fifty-seven-kDa protein in royal jelly enhances proliferation of primary cultured rat hepatocytes and increases albumin production in the absence of serum.  

PubMed

We have previously shown that 57-kDa protein in royal jelly (RJ) was specifically degraded in proportion to both storage temperature and storage period, and we suggested that it could be useful as a marker of freshness of RJ (Kamakura, M., Fukuda, T., Fukushima, M. and Yonekura, M. (2001) Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem. 65, 277-284.). Here, we investigated the physiological effects of 57-kDa protein on primary cultured rat hepatocytes in the absence of serum. The 57-kDa protein and RJ significantly stimulated hepatocyte DNA synthesis, whereas bovine serum albumin and RJ stored at 40 degrees C for 7 days, which lacks 57-kDa protein, did not. The mitogenic activity of 57-kDa protein was lost after treatment with trypsin. These results indicate that 57-kDa protein acts as a mitogen. The stimulatory effect of 57-kDa protein was dose-dependent and was more potent at lower than at higher cell densities. The 57-kDa protein also prolonged the cell proliferation of primary cultured rat hepatocytes, with an enhancement of albumin production compared to untreated cells. Therefore, 57-kDa protein is likely to promote liver regeneration and may have a cytoprotective action on hepatocytes. PMID:11352630

Kamakura, M; Suenobu, N; Fukushima, M

2001-04-13

460

Effect of royal jelly on serum lipids in experimental animals and humans with atherosclerosis.  

PubMed

The primary objective of this review was to assess the size and consistency of Royal Jelly (RJ) effect on serum lipids in experimental animals and humans. The data from animal studies were pooled, where possible, and statistically evaluated by Student's t-test. Meta-analysis was used for the evaluation of human trials. It was found that RJ significantly decreased serum and liver total lipids and cholesterol levels in rats and rabbits and also retarded the formation of atheromas in the aorta of rabbits fed a hyperlipemic diet. Meta-analysis of the controlled human trials of RJ to reduce hyperlipidemia showed a significant reduction in total serum lipids and cholesterol levels and normalization of HDL and LDL as determined from decrease in beta/alpha lipoproteins. The best available evidence suggests that RJ at approximately 50 to 100 mg per day, decreased total serum cholesterol levels by about 14%, and total serum lipids by about 10% in the group of patients studied. PMID:7556573

Vittek, J

1995-09-29

461

Collisionless reconnection in Jupiter's magnetotail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Collisionless reconnection in Jupiter's magnetotail is quantitatively studied for the first time. It is proposed that the same tearing mechanism which works in the earth magnetotail also works in Jupiter's. It is shown that collisionless reconnection may occur around 60 R(J) downtail.

Zimbardo, G.

1991-04-01

462

Collection in Oklahoma of a Rare Fish Species, Notropis chalybaeus (Cyprinidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Alice Echelle and the 1997 OSU Ichthyology class for field assistance and Marsha Williams for help with the manuscript. REFERENCES 1. Miller RJ, Robison HW. The fishes of Oklahoma. Stillwater (OK): Oklahoma State University Press; 1973. 2. Robison HW. Distribution and habitat notes on the ,ironcolor shiner Notropis chalybaeus (Cope) in Arkansas. Proc Ark Acad Sci 1977;31:92-94.

Lance R. Williams; Anthony A. Echelle

1998-01-01

463

Technische Universitt Kaiserslautern Prof. Dr. Sven O. Krumke  

E-print Network

weights wj and release dates rj on unrelated machines in the online paradigm of jobs arriving over time Kaiserslautern, May 30, 2014 Online Optimization (SS 2014) Homework 6 IN-CLASS EXERCISES (To be done makespan minimization problem, it is possible to obtain a 2- competitive online algorithm in the online

Krumke, Sven O.

464

that hydrolyze royal jelly proteins from queen bee larvae of the honeybee, Apis mellifera  

E-print Network

that hydrolyze royal jelly proteins from queen bee larvae of the honeybee, Apis mellifera Takuma of processed royal jelly. Apis mellifera / queen larvae / protease / royal jelly 1. INTRODUCTION Royal jelly (RJ), secreted from the hypophar- yngeal and mandibular glands of nurse bees of the honeybee, Apis

465

Diverse plasma populations and structures in Jupiter's magnetotail.  

PubMed

Jupiter's magnetotail is the largest cohesive structure in the solar system and marks the loss of vast numbers of heavy ions from the Jupiter system. The New Horizons spacecraft traversed the magnetotail to distances exceeding 2500 jovian radii (R(J)) and revealed a remarkable diversity of plasma populations and structures throughout its length. Ions evolve from a hot plasma disk distribution at approximately 100 R(J) to slower, persistent flows down the tail that become increasingly variable in flux and mean energy. The plasma is highly structured-exhibiting sharp breaks, smooth variations, and apparent plasmoids-and contains ions from both Io and Jupiter's ionosphere with intense bursts of H(+) and H(+)(3). Quasi-periodic changes were seen in flux at approximately 450 and approximately 1500 R(J) with a 10-hour period. Other variations in flow speed at approximately 600 to 1000 R(J) with a 3- to 4-day period may be attributable to plasmoids moving down the tail. PMID:17932282

McComas, D J; Allegrini, F; Bagenal, F; Crary, F; Ebert, R W; Elliott, H; Stern, A; Valek, P

2007-10-12

466

Edinburgh Research Explorer A distinct macrophage population mediates metastatic breast  

E-print Network

extravasation, establishment and growth Citation for published version: Qian, B, Deng, Y, Im, JH, Muschel, RJ breast cancer cell extravasation, establishment and growth' PLoS One, vol 4, no. 8, pp. e6562., 10 Population Mediates Metastatic Breast Cancer Cell Extravasation, Establishment and Growth Binzhi Qian1 , Yan

Millar, Andrew J.

467

SOFTWARE MAINTENANCE: RESEARCH AND PRACTICE J. Softw. Maint: Res. Pract. 10, 279303 (1998)  

E-print Network

225, Rio de Janeiro, RJ 22453­900, Brazil SUMMARY Good documentation is essential to the production on a large scientific system that belongs to an oil company, with positive results. © 1998 John Wiley & Sons; Garg and Scacchi, 1990). It is essential to software production, which employs several software

Leite, Julio Cesar Sampaio do Prado

468

Jackson K. Njau Assistant Professor  

E-print Network

.K. and Hlusko, L.J. 2010. Fine-Tuning Paleoanthropological Reconnaissance using High-Resolution Satellite microwear texture analysis of hominins recovered by the Olduvai Landscape Paleoanthropology Project, 1995. Paleoanthropology Society A30. 2008 Brochu, C.A., Njau, J.K., Blumenschine, R.J., & Densmore, Ll.D. Giant horned

Polly, David

469

A finite element method using singular functions for Poisson equations  

E-print Network

39 (2001) 286–299], we proposed a new finite element method to compute singular solutions of. Poisson .... and smoothing operators depending only on the discrete Laplace operator. ... Let the polar co-ordinates (rj,hj) be chosen at the.

2006-02-27

470

A finite element method using singular functions for the Poisson ...  

E-print Network

Such singular behaviour affects the accuracy of the finite element method ... coarsest grid solver and smoothing operators that depend only on the discrete Laplace .... Let polar co-ordinates (rj;?j) be chosen at the vertex vj so that the internal ...

2002-09-05

471

Discretization of Anisotropic ConvectionDiffusion Equations, Convective MMatrices and Their Iterative Solution  

E-print Network

Discretization of Anisotropic Convection­Diffusion Equations, Convective M method discretization for the convection­diffusion equation, rj = f , with j = \\Gammaffru + fiu. In two field. This derivation generalizes the well­known Scharfetter­Gummel discretization of the continuity

Rose, Donald J.

472

THE EFFECT OF AN INSECT CHITIN SYNTHESIS INHIBITOR ON HONEY BEES  

E-print Network

THE EFFECT OF AN INSECT CHITIN SYNTHESIS INHIBITOR ON HONEY BEES E.W. HERBERT, Jr. R.J. ARGAUER * H. SHIMANUKI * U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service """ Bioenvironmental Bee-flying colonies of honey bees. Brood rearing was temporarily terminated for a period of 2-3 weeks depending

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

473

Applications of Underexpanded Jets in Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics Research  

E-print Network

expansion of a jet from an axisymmetric nozzle of exit radius rj. For an inviscid gas flow in a hypersonicApplications of Underexpanded Jets in Hypersonic Aerothermodynamics Research Vladimir V. Riabov Abstract. A method of underexpanded hypersonic viscous jets has been developed to acquire experimental

Riabov, Vladimir V.

474

Applied Ontology 2 (2007) 267303 267 Ontology negotiation in heterogeneous  

E-print Network

Applied Ontology 2 (2007) 267­303 267 IOS Press Ontology negotiation in heterogeneous multi-agent-mails: {jurriaan,rj,dignum,rogier,jj}@cs.uu.nl Abstract. In open heterogeneous multi-agent systems, communication in open multi-agent systems, as those on the Internet, because it would require all involved system

Eijk, Rogier Maurice van

475

CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS  

EPA Science Inventory

CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS. LM Plitnick1, SE Loveless2, GS Ladics2, MP Holsapple3, MJ Selgrade4, DM Sailstad4 & RJ Smialowicz4. 1UNC, Chapel Hill, NC; 2DuPont Co., Haskell Laboratory, Newark, DE; 3Dow Chemical, Midland, MI & 4USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC....

476

Annual Report Executive Summary for 2009-10 Department of Statistics  

E-print Network

their professional careers at such places as the Merck, Capital One, JP Morgan, DuPont, among many others. We have (including BD, Capital One, DuPont, GE, JR Research, Lilly, #12;5/18/10 Minitab, Pratt & Whitney, RJ Reynolds

Berkson, Jim

477

USE OF THE RIBONUCLEASE PROTECTION ASSAY FOR IDENTIFYING CHEMICALS WHICH ELLICIT HYPERSENSITIVITY RESPONSES  

EPA Science Inventory

Use of the Ribonuclease Protection Assay (RPA) for Identifying Chemicals that Elicit Hypersensitivity Responses. L.M. Plitnick, 1, D.M. Sailstad, 2, and R.J. Smialowicz, 2 1UNC, Curriculum in Toxicology, Chapel Hill, NC and 2USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC. The incidence of aller...

478

FAMILY STUDIES SUBJECT GUIDE -I/S Culinary Arts & Nutrition  

E-print Network

Development: Abnormal child psychology / Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe RJ499 .M296 2005 The adolescent. Berke, Steven K. Wisensale HQ10 .C69 2005 The Cambridge encyclopedia of child development / edited & Child Development: The developing child / Holly E. Brisbane HQ767.85.B747

Abolmaesumi, Purang

479

Journal of Fish Biology (2012) doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2012.03235.x, available online at wileyonlinelibrary.com  

E-print Network

the projected changes in sea level, weather patterns and ocean acidification), to name a few. In light Science and Policy, University of Miami, P. O. Box 248203, Coral Gables, FL 33124, U.S.A., RJ Dunlap for implementation of effective conservation and management strategies. At this time, ERAs are of particular

480

It's more than just a great laptop! We offer this outstanding package  

E-print Network

Graphics 4400· Gigabit wired RJ45 Ethernet network connection· Intel Centrino Ultimate N6300 3x3 802.11 na of the following, in addition to the full on-campus support and laptop loaner pool: A 10-foot Ethernet cable

Bystroff, Chris

481

TOPICS IN CONFINEMENT ANALYSIS OF TOKAMAKS WITH AUXILIARY HEATING  

E-print Network

TOPICS IN CONFINEMENT ANALYSIS OF TOKAMAKS WITH AUXILIARY HEATING R.J. GOLDSTON Princeton a potpourri of topics in confinement analysis of tokamaks with auxiliary heating. First we discuss, and what are the allowable weaknesses? Next we examine the analysis of plasma rotation experiments, a topic

Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory

482

Marion Island elephant seals: the paucity-of-males hypothesis tested  

E-print Network

Aarde Abstract: The southern elephant seal, Mirounga leonina, population at Marion Island has declinedIntroduction The southern elephant seal (Mirounga leonina) population at Marion Island has been studied extensively sinceMarion Island elephant seals: the paucity-of- males hypothesis tested I.S. Wilkinson and R.J. van

Pretoria, University of

483

A prospective randomised, open-labeled, trial comparing sirolimus-containing versus mTOR-inhibitor-free immunosuppression in patients undergoing liver transplantation for hepatocellular carcinoma  

E-print Network

, et al.: Temsirolimus, interferon alfa, or both for advanced renal-cell carcinoma. N Engl J Med 2007, 356:2271-2281. 14. Motzer RJ, Escudier B, Oudard S, Hutson TE, Porta C, Bracarda S, et al.: Efficacy of everolimus in advanced renal cell...

Schnitzbauer, Andreas A; Zuelke, Carl; Graeb, Christian; Rochon, Justine; Bilbao, Itxarone; Burra, Patrizia; de Jong, Koert P; Duvoux, Christophe; Kneteman, Norman M; Adam, Rene; Bechstein, Wolf O; Becker, Thomas; Beckebaum, Susanne; Chazouilleres, Olivier; Cillo, Umberto; Colledan, Michele; Fandrich, Fred; Gugenheim, Jean; Hauss, Johann P; Heise, Michael; Hidalgo, Ernest; Jamieson, Neville; Konigsrainer, Alfred; Lamby, Philipp E; Lerut, Jan P; Makisalo, Heikki; Margreiter, Raimund; Mazzaferro, Vincenzo; Mutzbauer, Ingrid; Otto, Gerd; Pageaux, Georges-Philippe; Pinna, Antonio D; Pirenne, Jacques; Rizell, Magnus; Rossi, Giorgio; Rostaing, Lionel; Roy, Andre; Sanchez Turrion, Victor; Schmidt, Jan; Troisi, Roberto I; van Hoek, Bart; Valente, Umberto; Wolf, Philippe; Wolters, Heiner; Mirza, Darius F; Scholz, Tim; Steininger, Rudolf; Soderdahl, Gunnar; Strasser, Simone I; Jauch, Karl-Walter; Neuhaus, Peter; Schlitt, Hans J; Geissler, Edward K

2010-05-11

484

XXXX SSeemmiinnrriioo ddee IInniicciiaaoo CCiieennttffiiccaa ddaa PPUUCC--RRiioo  

E-print Network

FALC�O, E. T. MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA HIST�RICA NO IMP�RIO DO BRASIL 10:55 HIS GOUV�A, A. N. MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA HIST�RICA NO IMP�RIO DO BRASIL 11:05 HIS OLIVEIRA, BÁRBARA P. F. MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL ­ VOCABULÁRIO E

485

Quorum Sensing: a Transcriptional Regulatory System Involved in the Pathogenicity of Burkholderia mallei  

PubMed Central

Numerous gram-negative bacterial pathogens regulate virulence factor expression by using a cell density mechanism termed quorum sensing (QS). An in silico analysis of the Burkholderia mallei ATCC 23344 genome revealed that it encodes at least two luxI and four luxR homologues. Using mass spectrometry, we showed that wild-type B. mallei produces the signaling molecules N-octanoyl-homoserine lactone and N-decanoyl-homoserine lactone. To determine if QS is involved in the virulence of B. mallei, we generated mutations in each putative luxIR homologue and tested the pathogenicities of the derivative strains in aerosol BALB/c mouse and intraperitoneal hamster models. Disruption of the B. mallei QS alleles, especially in RJ16 (bmaII) and RJ17 (bmaI3), which are luxI mutants, significantly reduced virulence, as indicated by the survival of mice who were aerosolized with 104 CFU (10 50% lethal doses [LD50s]). For the B. mallei transcriptional regulator mutants (luxR homologues), mutation of the bmaR5 allele resulted in the most pronounced decrease in virulence, with 100% of the challenged animals surviving a dose of 10 LD50s. Using a Syrian hamster intraperitoneal model of infection, we determined the LD50s for wild-type B. mallei and each QS mutant. An increase in the relative LD50 was found for RJ16 (bmaI1) (>967 CFU), RJ17 (bmaI3) (115 CFU), and RJ20 (bmaR5) (151 CFU) compared to wild-type B. mallei (<13 CFU). These findings demonstrate that B. mallei carries multiple luxIR homologues that either directly or indirectly regulate the biosynthesis of an essential virulence factor(s) that contributes to the pathogenicity of B. mallei in vivo. PMID:15501791

Ulrich, Ricky L.; DeShazer, David; Hines, Harry B.; Jeddeloh, Jeffrey A.

2004-01-01

486

Annealed Importance Sampling Reversible Jump MCMC algorithms  

SciTech Connect

It will soon be 20 years since reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo (RJ-MCMC) algorithms have been proposed. They have significantly extended the scope of Markov chain Monte Carlo simulation methods, offering the promise to be able to routinely tackle transdimensional sampling problems, as encountered in Bayesian model selection problems for example, in a principled and flexible fashion. Their practical efficient implementation, however, still remains a challenge. A particular difficulty encountered in practice is in the choice of the dimension matching variables (both their nature and their distribution) and the reversible transformations which allow one to define the one-to-one mappings underpinning the design of these algorithms. Indeed, even seemingly sensible choices can lead to algorithms with very poor performance. The focus of this paper is the development and performance evaluation of a method, annealed importance sampling RJ-MCMC (aisRJ), which addresses this problem by mitigating the sensitivity of RJ-MCMC algorithms to the aforementioned poor design. As we shall see the algorithm can be understood as being an “exact approximation” of an idealized MCMC algorithm that would sample from the model probabilities directly in a model selection set-up. Such an idealized algorithm may have good theoretical convergence properties, but typically cannot be implemented, and our algorithms can approximate the performance of such idealized algorithms to an arbitrary degree while not introducing any bias for any degree of approximation. Our approach combines the dimension matching ideas of RJ-MCMC with annealed importance sampling and its Markov chain Monte Carlo implementation. We illustrate the performance of the algorithm with numerical simulations which indicate that, although the approach may at first appear computationally involved, it is in fact competitive.

Karagiannis, Georgios; Andrieu, Christophe

2013-03-20

487

Protective effect of royal jelly on fertility and biochemical parameters in bleomycin-?induced male rats  

PubMed Central

Background: Bleomycin (BL) is a glycopeptide antibiotic obtained from the bacterium Streptomyces verticillus which is routinely used for treatment of human cancers. Royal jelly (RJ) is a production from the hypo pharyngeal, mandibular and post cerebral glands of nurse bees. RJ consists of 66% water, 15% sugars, 5% lipids, and 13% proteins, essential amino acids and vitamins. Objective: The aim of present study was to evaluate protective effect of royal jelly on sperm parameters and malondialdehyde (MDA) production in rat. Materials and Methods: Forty adult male wistar rats (220±20gr) were randomly divided into 4 groups (n=10). Control group (CG) received normal saline 10 ml/kg twice a week with Intraperitoneal (I.P) for 48 days (0.3 ml/rat(. Royal Jelly group (RJG) received jelly (100 mg/kg daily) for 48 days orally. Bleomycin group (BLG) received BL (10 mg/kg twice a week) with I.P for 48 days. Royal Jelly+ Bleomycin group (RJ+BLG) received royal Jelly (100 mg/kg /day) orally concomitant with BL administration. Sperm count, motility, and viability were investigated and chromatin quality and DNA integrity were also analyzed. Serum testosterone and MDA concentrations were measured as well. Results: BL caused decline significantly (p<0.05) sperm count, sperm viability, motility as well as testosterone concentration compared to control group while significant (p<0.05) increases in immature sperm, sperm with damaged DNA and MDA concentration were announced in BL in comparison with CG and RJ+BLG. Royal jelly improved Bleomycin-induced toxicity on sperm parameters and testosterone and MDA concentrations. Conclusion: The present results support the idea that BL adversely affects sperm parameters and MDA and the RJ with antioxidant properties has positive effects on these parameters. This article extracted from M.Sc. thesis. (Tayebeh amirshahi) PMID:24799882

Amirshahi, Tayebeh; Najafi, Gholamreza; Nejati, Vahid

2014-01-01

488

Rejection Thresholds in Chocolate Milk: Evidence for Segmentation  

PubMed Central

Bitterness is generally considered a negative attribute in food, yet many individuals enjoy some bitterness in products like coffee or chocolate. In chocolate, bitterness arises from naturally occurring alkaloids and phenolics found in cacao. Fermentation and roasting help develop typical chocolate flavor and reduce the intense bitterness of raw cacao by modifying these bitter compounds. As it becomes increasingly common to fortify chocolate with `raw' cacao to increase the amount of healthful phytonutrients, it is important to identify the point at which the concentration of bitter compounds becomes objectionable, even to those who enjoy some bitterness. Classical threshold methods focus on the presence or absence of a sensation rather than acceptability or hedonics. A new alternative, the rejection threshold, was recently described in the literature. Here, we sought to quantify and compare differences in Rejection Thresholds (RjT) and Detection Thresholds (DT) in chocolate milk spiked with a food safe bitterant (sucrose octaacetate). In experiment 1, a series of paired preference tests was used to estimate the RjT for bitterness in chocolate milk. In a new group of participants (experiment 2), we determined the RjT and DT using the forced choice ascending method of limits. In both studies, participants were segmented on the basis of self-declared preference for milk or dark solid chocolate. Based on sigmoid fits of the indifference-preference function, the RjT was ~2.3 times higher for those preferring dark chocolate than the RjT for those preferring milk chocolate in both experiments. In contrast, the DT for both groups was functionally identical, suggesting that differential effects of bitterness on liking of chocolate products are not based on the ability to detect bitterness in these products. PMID:22754143

Harwood, Meriel L.; Ziegler, Gregory R.; Hayes, John E.

2012-01-01

489

Effects on growth and accumulation of zinc in six seaweed species.  

PubMed

Seaweed species from a coastal area contaminated by heavy metals (Sepetiba Bay) in Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil) presented different levels of Zn concentrations. In some species the levels were 20 times higher than that from a noncontaminated area. The present study was undertaken to investigate the capability of different species to tolerate and accumulate zinc. For this purpose six species, Ulva lactuca, Enteromorpha flexuosa, Padina gymnospora, Sargassum filipendula, Hypnea musciformis, and Spyridia filamentosa, were cultivated under laboratory semistatic conditions in five Zn concentrations in seawater, 10, 20, 100, 1000, and 5000 micrograms.liter-1 for a period of 21 days. All species died at 5000 micrograms.liter-1 of Zn, two species (U. lactuca and E. flexuosa) died at 1000 micrograms.liter-1, and one, H. musciformis, died with 100 micrograms.liter-1. The lowest concentration of Zn that presented growth inhibition in the six species was 20 micrograms.liter-1. The brown alga P. gymnospora presented the highest accumulation level of Zn, and H. musciformis the lowest level. The results of tolerance and accumulation under laboratory conditions, associated with field results, indicate the species of Padina and Sargassum as the best species for monitoring heavy metals in tropical coastal areas, and the potential use of their biomass to remove heavy metals from wastewaters. PMID:9378088

Amado Filho, G M; Karez, C S; Andrade, L R; Yoneshigue-Valentin, Y; Pfeiffer, W C

1997-08-01

490

Planning dredging services in contaminated sediments for balanced environmental and investment costs.  

PubMed

Dredging of contaminated sediments has shown to be a harmful activity for the environment, because a number of contaminants can be resuspended and become available to the organisms. Furthermore, dredged contaminated sediments may cause significant damages in the dumping site. In order to avoid the drawbacks of this activity, better techniques have to be developed and the present article presents a new procedure for the planning of dredging that reduces the environmental impacts by reducing the amount of dredged sediments and, at the same time, reduces costs. The new technique uses screening of contaminant concentrations in the sediments that are normally part of the environmental impact assessment for dredging activity. A detailed mapping of the contamination, layer by layer is carried out and the areas where the action levels are reached are outlined with polygons, establishing limits within which sediments have to be dredged with safe procedures. In the case presented, construction of a harbor in Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the safe procedure is cutter/suction dredging and pumping into a sub-aquatic confined disposal facility (CDF). A detailed evaluation of costs showed that if the whole layers of sediment were to be dumped into the CDF, the cost of the activity would be at least 63.82% more expensive than the proposed procedure, constituting an attractive advantage. Furthermore, as the size of the CDF is significantly smaller, less dredging is necessary, causing smaller environmental impact. PMID:23524396

Wasserman, Julio Cesar; Barros, Sérgio Ricardo; Lima, Gilson Brito Alves

2013-05-30

491

Ascomycetous yeast communities of marine invertebrates in a southeast Brazilian mangrove ecosystem.  

PubMed

The ascomycetous yeast communities associated with 3 bivalve mollusk, and 4 crab species were studied in the mangrove at Coroa Grande on Sepetiba Bay in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. These were made up mostly of diverse but sparse and apparently allochtonous yeast populations. The striking exception was a prevalent population of the species Kluyveromyces aestuarii, which predominated the yeast communities of 2 detritus feeding crabs, Sesarma rectum and Uca spp., and the shipworm Neoteredo reynei. However, K. aestuarii was absent from the omnivorous crabs Aratus pisonii and Goniopsis cruentata, and the clam Anomalocardia brasiliana, and was rare in the clam Tagelus plebeius from mostly submerged more sandy sediments. Pichia membranaefaciens, Candida valida-like, Candida krusei, Candida sorbosa, Candida colliculosa-like, Candida famata-like, Kloeckera spp., Candida guilliermondii, Candida albicans, Candida silvae, Geotrichum spp., Rhodotorula spp., Cryptococcus spp., and the methylotrophic yeast Candida boidinii were frequently isolated. The 322 ascomycetous yeast cultures representing 252 isolates from crabs and mollusks were classified as 40 species that fit standard descriptions, and 44 putative new species. The ascomycetous yeast communities of the mangrove ecosystem include many new biotypes that require better taxonomic definition. PMID:8546456

de Araujo, F V; Soares, C A; Hagler, A N; Mendonça-Hagler, L C

1995-08-01

492

Adaptive hierarchical grid model of water-borne pollutant dispersion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Water pollution by industrial and agricultural waste is an increasingly major public health issue. It is therefore important for water engineers and managers to be able to predict accurately the local behaviour of water-borne pollutants. This paper describes the novel and efficient coupling of dynamically adaptive hierarchical grids with standard solvers of the advection-diffusion equation. Adaptive quadtree grids are able to focus on regions of interest such as pollutant fronts, while retaining economy in the total number of grid elements through selective grid refinement. Advection is treated using Lagrangian particle tracking. Diffusion is solved separately using two grid-based methods; one is by explicit finite differences, the other a diffusion-velocity approach. Results are given in two dimensions for pure diffusion of an initially Gaussian plume, advection-diffusion of the Gaussian plume in the rotating flow field of a forced vortex, and the transport of species in a rectangular channel with side wall boundary layers. Close agreement is achieved with analytical solutions of the advection-diffusion equation and simulations from a Lagrangian random walk model. An application to Sepetiba Bay, Brazil is included to demonstrate the method with complex flows and topography.

Borthwick, A. G. L.; Marchant, R. D.; Copeland, G. J. M.

493

Growth stimulating effect on queen bee larvae of histone deacetylase inhibitors.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is a widely used natural food. It is also a major source of nutrition for queen bees and plays a key role in their development. RJ is secreted from the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of young adult worker bees. The regulation of gene expression in these two glands may influence the development of queen bees by affecting the content of RJ. This study investigated the epigenetic effects in these two glands in young adult worker bees treated with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis), a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), and NBM-HD-1, a novel compound synthesized in this laboratory. Western blot analyses indicated that the levels of acetyl-histone 3 and p21 protein expression in MCF-7 cells increased markedly after treatment with NBM-HD-1. The data proved that NBM-HD-1 was a novel and potent HDACi. Furthermore, a method of affecting epigenetic regulation of the mrjp family gene in the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of young adult worker bees was developed by feeding young adult worker bees HDACi. Epigenetic regulation produced several important biological effects. A marked change in the protein composition of the RJ secreted from these treated bees was found. Only the ratio of specific major royal jelly protein 3 (MRJP3) was significantly altered in the treated bees versus the untreated controls. Other MRJP family proteins did not change. This alteration in the ratio of royal jelly proteins resulted in a significant increase in the body size of queen bee larvae. The data seem to suggest that HDACis may play an important role in the epigenetic regulation of the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of young adult worker bees. They appear to change mrjp3 gene expression and alter the ratio of MRJP3 protein in RJ. This study presents the first evidence that HDACis are capable of regulating the ratio of MRJP3 proteins in RJ, which has the potential to change the body size of queen bees during their development. PMID:22642680

Huang, Chung-Yang; Chi, Li-Ling; Huang, Wei-Jan; Chen, Yue-Wen; Chen, Wei-Jung; Kuo, Yu-Cheng; Yuan, Cheng Mike; Chen, Chia-Nan

2012-06-20

494

XXVVIIIIII SSeemmiinnrriioo ddee IInniicciiaaoo CCiieennttffiiccaa ddaa PPUUCC--RRiioo  

E-print Network

, EUNÍCIA BARROS BARCELOS O PET E O DEBATE INTELECTUAL DA MODERNIDADE DO S�CULO XX 09:30 HIS MATTOS FARIAS SEIXLACK, ALESSANDRA GONZALEZ MATTOS, I.R PALAVRAS DO BRASIL: VOCABULÁRIO E EXPERI�NCIA HIST�RICA NO IMP�RIO DO BRASIL 12:00 HIS PANTALE�O, BEATRIZ BASTOS-TIGRE, VERA MATTOS, I.R. PALAVRAS DO BRASIL

495

2 Via09/01/2012 APOLICE -FROTA  

E-print Network

Passageiros Seguro de Automóvel - 0531 CPF / CNPJ FACULDADES CATOLICAS 33.555.921/0001-70 Endereço Proposta dia 31/12/2012às 24:00hs do dia A ROYAL & SUNALLIANCE SEGUROS (BRASIL) S/A, a seguir denominada/N ROYAL & SUNALLIANCE SEGUROS (BRASIL) S/A MATRIZ -AV.NACOES UNIDAS,12995 4o AND BROOKLIN NOVO-SAO PAULO-SP-BRASIL

496

Leonel Fernando Perondi CURRICULUM VITAE  

E-print Network

/03/1958, Caxias do Sul/RS - Brasil Carteira de identidade: 298641/MAER/ SP/ 02/02/1982 CPF: 21245126091 Endereço ­ São José dos Campos, SP - Brasil - Caixa Postal: 515 Telefone: (12) 3456707 Fax: 3456717 E Campos, SP - Brasil Telefone: (12) 39171779 E-mail: perondi@directnet.com.br 2 ­ FORMA��O ACAD�MICA

497

Nome do aluno(a) Curso do aluno Evento Cidade/Estado Gabriel Frnk Viegas Cincias Farmacuticas Conselho Nacional de Entidades Estudantis de Farmcia Joo Pessoa/PB  

E-print Network

Engenharia Mecatrônica Competição Baja Sae Brasil Piracicaba/São Paulo Anael Rabelo Tavares Engenharia Mecatrônica Competição Baja Sae Brasil Piracicaba/São Paulo Arthur Moreira Lauro Engenharia Mecatrônica Competição Baja Sae Brasil Piracicaba/São Paulo Danilo Borges Nogueira Engenharia Mecânica Competição Baja

Maier, Rudolf Richard

498

Oral Administration of Royal Jelly Restores Tear Secretion Capacity in Rat Blink-Suppressed Dry Eye Model by Modulating Lacrimal Gland Function  

PubMed Central

Tears are secreted from the lacrimal gland (LG), a dysfunction in which induces dry eye, resulting in ocular discomfort and visual impairment. Honey bee products are used as a nutritional source in daily life and medicine; however, little is known about their effects on dry eye. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of honey bee products on tear secretion capacity in dry eye. We selected raw honey, propolis, royal jelly (RJ), pollen, or larva from commercially available honey bee products. Tear secretion capacity was evaluated following the oral administration of each honey bee product in a rat blink-suppressed dry eye model. Changes in tear secretion, LG ATP content, and LG mitochondrial levels were measured. RJ restored the tear secretion capacity and decrease in LG ATP content and mitochondrial levels to the largest extent. Royal jelly can be used as a preventative intervention for dry eye by managing tear secretion capacity in the LG. PMID:25243778

Imada, Toshihiro; Nakamura, Shigeru; Kitamura, Naoki; Shibuya, Izumi; Tsubota, Kazuo

2014-01-01

499

Campus Sexual Misconduct: Restorative Justice Approaches to Enhance Compliance With Title IX Guidance.  

PubMed

Campus response to sexual violence is increasingly governed by federal law and administrative guidance such as the 1972 Title IX, the 2011 Dear Colleague Letter (DCL), and the 2013 Violence Against Women Act. Educational institutions are directed to expand disciplinary responses and establish coordinated action to eliminate sexual violence and remedy its effects. Compliance fosters a quasi-criminal justice approach not suited to all sexual misconduct and inconsistent with developing practice in student conduct management. This article envisions restorative justice (RJ) enhancements to traditional student conduct processes that maintain compliance, expand options, empower victim choice, and increase responsiveness to DCL aims. The article (1) defines sexual violence and sexual harassment within the DCL scope, (2) elaborates the DCL position on permissible alternative resolutions and differentiates mediation from RJ, (3) sequences action steps from case report to finalization, including both restorative and traditional justice pathways; and (4) discusses building support for innovation beginning with existing campus response. PMID:24776460

Koss, Mary P; Wilgus, Jay K; Williamsen, Kaaren M

2014-04-27

500

Min-max control design for large angle maneuvers of flexible spacecraft  

E-print Network

v =Rfld];b, ? ? (J u, dm)b; ? cv;6, x t uydmbf + u, b; +co;b; x (xs+ u, )b, where d]; is a clirection cosine vector between o] and 6;. For 1-2-3 Euler angles, the direction cosine matrix is C2C, ? C2 S 3 Ss 6, o2 ? S] S 2C3 + S 3C] S] S 2 S 3 + C3C...) into the form l P aP =a, i 2; = Bftqd?+ + eijkdkpq + Nspq(lp (2. 1. 18) Np ? Np (tt' M )rj +2 . sq~s (tt M )rj MB B Np (ql M )1v 9 + e 's*r1v B Np ? )(iv;1vs ? 6, sa1, 1v?)qlq+ xr(a1;a1 s ? b;ra1?a2?) b, with (1 j = 1, 2, . . . , M). From the Newton...

Kim, Cheolho

2012-06-07