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1

Microcystins (cyanobacteria hepatotoxins) bioaccumulation in fish and crustaceans from Sepetiba Bay (Brasil, RJ)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blooms of cyanobacteria in water bodies cause serious environmental problems and the occurrence of toxic strains are also related with the human health. Aquatic animals could bioaccumulate microcystins (cyanobacteria hepatotoxins) and so, beyond water, the ingestion of contaminated food represents a human health risk. Recently, WHO recommended a maximum concentration of microcystins (MCYSTs) in drinking water and established the tolerable

V. F. Magalhaes; M. M. Marinho; P. Domingos; A. C. Oliveira; S. M. Costa; L. O. Azevedo; S. M. F. O. Azevedo

2003-01-01

2

Lignin phenols used to infer organic matter sources to Sepetiba Bay - RJ, Brasil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lignin phenols were measured in the sediments of Sepitiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and in bedload sediments and suspended sediments of the four major fluvial inputs to the bay; São Francisco and Guandu Channels and the Guarda and Cação Rivers. Fluvial suspended lignin yields (?8 3.5-14.6 mgC 10 g dw -1) vary little between the wet and dry seasons and are poorly correlated with fluvial chlorophyll concentrations (0.8-50.2 ?gC L -1). Despite current land use practices that favor grassland agriculture or industrial uses, fluvial lignin compositions are dominated by a degraded leaf-sourced material. The exception is the Guarda River, which has a slight influence from grasses. The Lignin Phenol Vegetation Index, coupled with acid/aldehyde and 3.5 Db/V ratios, indicate that degraded leaf-derived phenols are also the primary preserved lignin component in the bay. The presence of fringe Typha sp. and Spartina sp. grass beds surrounding portions of the Bay are not reflected in the lignin signature. Instead, lignin entering the bay appears to reflect the erosion of soils containing a degraded signature from the former Atlantic rain forest that once dominated the watershed, instead of containing a significant signature derived from current agricultural uses. A three-component mixing model using the LPVI, atomic N:C ratios, and stable carbon isotopes (which range between -26.8 and -21.8‰) supports the hypothesis that fluvial inputs to the bay are dominated by planktonic matter (78% of the input), with lignin dominated by leaf (14% of the input) over grass (6%). Sediments are composed of a roughly 50-50 mixture of autochthonous material and terrigenous material, with lignin being primarily sourced from leaf.

Rezende, C. E.; Pfeiffer, W. C.; Martinelli, L. A.; Tsamakis, E.; Hedges, J. I.; Keil, R. G.

2010-04-01

3

Brown algae species as biomonitors of Zn and Cd at Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to contribute to monitoring heavy metal contamination of Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, long term evaluation of Zn and Cd concentration was performed in two brown algae species, Padina gymnospora and Sargassum stenophyllum. In relation to Sepetiba Bay macroalgae community, these species were the most abundant in substrate cover. The algae metal concentration variation from 1990 to

G. M. Amado Filho; L. R. Andrade; C. S. Karez; M. Farina; W. C. Pfeiffer

1999-01-01

4

Radium mass balance and submarine groundwater discharge in Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Radium-226 and 228Ra activities were determined in water samples from within and adjacent to Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State (Brazil) in 1998, 2005 and 2007. Surface waters in Sepetiba Bay were substantially higher in 226Ra and 228Ra compared to ocean end member samples. Using the residence time of water in the bay we calculated the flux required to maintain the observed enrichment over the ocean end members. We then applied a radium mass balance to estimate the volume of submarine groundwater discharge (SGD) into the bay. The estimates of SGD into Sepetiba Bay (in 1010 L day-1) were 2.56, 3.75, and 1.0, respectively for 1998, 2005, and 2007. These estimates are equivalent to approximately 1% of the total volume of the bay each day or 50 L m-2 day-1. It is likely that a substantial portion of the SGD in Sepetiba Bay consists of infiltrated seawater. This large flux of SGD has the potential to supply substantial quantities of nutrients, carbon and metals into coastal waters. The SGD found here is greater than what is typically found in SGD studies along the eastern United States and areas with similar geologic characteristics. Considering there are many coastal areas around the world like Sepetiba Bay, this could revise upward the already important contribution of SGD to coastal as well as oceanic budgets.

Smoak, Joseph M.; Sanders, Christian J.; Patchineelam, Sambasiva R.; Moore, Willard S.

2012-11-01

5

Distribution of Micropogonias furnieri(Pisces: Sciaenidae) in the Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Distribution of Micropogonias furnieriin the Sepetiba Bay, an ecosystem highly important as rearing ground for this species that represents 5.8% of the numerical catches by otter trawling, was analyzed based in monthly and bi-monthly samplings from two programmes (beach seines = continental margin; and otter trawl = inside of the Bay), over three annual cycles, between 1993 and 1997. Spatial

Marcus Rodrigues da Costa; Francisco Gerson Araújo

6

Ethnobotany of Atlantic Forest Coastal Communities: II. Diversity of Plant Uses at Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an ethnobotanical study of Atlantic Forest coastal communities located at Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Atlantic Forest remnants are top priority conservation areas, and include native communities that depend on fish and small-scale agriculture. We conducted fieldwork in the community of Calhaus (Jaguanum Island) from 1989 to 1991, and interviewed adults on their use of plants.

Gisela M. Figueiredo; Hermógenes F. Leitão-Filho; Alpina Begossi

1997-01-01

7

Metal concentrations, fluxes, inventories and chronologies in sediments from Sepetiba and Ribeira Bays: a comparative study.  

PubMed

Three sediment cores were sampled at Sepetiba Bay and four cores at Ribeira Bay, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Sediment accumulation rates and chronologies were obtained from (210)Pb activity-depth profiles. Sediment accumulation rates in Ribera Bay ranged from 1.2 mm y(-1) in the inner bay to 2.6 mm y(-1) close to its entrance. In Sepetiba Bay two sediment accumulation rates were observed: a lower rate of 0.35 cm y(-1) before the 1960s and 0.76 cm y(-1) since then. The cause of this change is due to the construction of the Santa Cecília impoundment (1955) that brings water from the Paraíba do Sul Basin into the Guandu River, which increased its flow from the original 20 m(3)s(-1) to 160 m(3)s(-1). Concentration of 44 elements was obtained by ICP-MS after total dissolution of samples from two selected cores. The relative differences between the concentrations of crustal elements, such as Al, Fe and Ti are only about 20% (p<0.05). Cd and Zn are 15 and four times larger in Sepetiba Bay than in Ribeira Bay, respectively. Other major and minor elements show lower statistically significant differences. The enrichment factors and metal inventories show that Sepetiba Bay can be considered polluted with Bi, Cd, Cr, Cu, Sb and Zn. Particularly, Cd and Zn present concentrations three and four times higher than the Brazilian existing limits. PMID:19368932

de Carvalho Gomes, Franciane; Godoy, José Marcus; Godoy, Maria Luiza D P; Lara de Carvalho, Zenildo; Tadeu Lopes, Ricardo; Sanchez-Cabeza, Joan Albert; Drude de Lacerda, Luiz; Cesar Wasserman, Julio

2009-04-14

8

MERCURY DISTRIBUTION IN SEDIMENTS OF A SUB-TROPICAL COASTAL LAGOON, SEPETIBA BAY, SE BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of Hg accumulated in sediments of Sepetiba Bay (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and its possible associations with sediment geochemical properties (iron, organic carbon, nitrogen, sulphur concentrations and organic matter content) were investigated. The spatial distribution of the variables considered in this study is predominantly determined by the pattern of water circulation, sediment transport along the eastern shore as

L. Veeck; E. V. Silva-Filho; J. C. Wasserman; S. M. Sella; I. R. Santos; L. D. Lacerda

9

Mercury distribution and reactivity in waters of a subtropical coastal lagoon, Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A survey of the reactive and total Hg concentrations in surface waters and of the quantity of particulate organic carbon (POC) and dissolved organic carbon (DOC), were performed along a transect from the major rivers mouths and mangrove dominated areas to the open bay waters of Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil. The objective of the survey was to evaluate changes in

Luiz D. Lacerda; Rozane V. Marins; Heloísa H. M. Paraquetti; Stephane Mounier; Jean Benaim; Dominique Fevrier

2001-01-01

10

Combustion Tests of RJ-5 Fuel Blends.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An experimental investigation was conducted on the addition of viscosity reducing additives to RJ-5 fuel. The tests were to determine if the additives hindered or improved the combustion efficiency of the basic RJ-5 fuel. The tests were conducted in a 12 ...

R. R. Craig J. Petrarca J. T. Hojnacki P. L. Buckley

1976-01-01

11

Case report of flipper anatomic anomaly of Sotalia guianensis from Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro.  

PubMed

The cetacean flipper consists of a soft tissue that encases most of the forelimb containing humerus, radius, ulna, carpals, metacarpals, and phalanges. Several studies have documented the typical cetacean's flipper anatomy, but only a few described digital anomalies and the most common are fusions and supernumerary such as polydactily and polyphalangy. The flippers of the Guiana dolphin, Sotalia guianensis have a falciform general aspect showing individual differences and marks produced by individual contact in social interactions that mainly occur on the posterior border. Here, we report for the first time a case of flippers with anatomical anomalies of loss of digits and deviation of radius of an adult S. guianensis from Baía de Sepetiba (22°54'-23°04', 43°36'-44°02'W), Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. PMID:23630189

Marigo, Juliana; Pinto, Nelson S; Simões-Lopes, Paulo C; Leonardo, Flach; Azevedo, Alexandre F; Lailson-Brito, José

2013-04-30

12

Origin of rare earth element anomalies in mangrove sediments, Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil: used as geochemical tracers of sediment sources  

Microsoft Academic Search

Elemental contents were determined in two mangrove habitats along Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil, an area impacted by local industrial\\u000a activities, as well as hinterland water diversion networks. This study demonstrates how specific REEs (La, Ce, Nd, Sm, Eu,\\u000a Tb, Yb and Lu) may be used as a sediment source tracer to mangrove-dominated coastlines. From the two stations studied, a\\u000a pair

Emmanoel V. Silva-Filho; Christian J. Sanders; Michel Bernat; Ana M. G. Figueiredo; Silvia M. Sella; Julio Wasserman

13

TOTAL MERCURY BIOACCUMULATION IN TISSUES OF CARNIVOROUS FISH (Micropogonias furnieri and Cynoscion acoupa) AND OYSTERS (Crassostrea brasiliana) FROM SEPETIBA BAY, BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Total mercury (Hg) levels were determined by cold vapor atomic absorption spectrophotometry (CVAAS) in tissues of two species of carnivorous fishes and in soft tissue of oysters caught in Sepetiba Bay, Brazil. Hg was distributed unevenly in the organs and tissues of the fish; the mean Hg content was highest in the kidneys (0.048 ?g\\/g wet weight) and lowest in

Carla da Silva Carneiro; Eliane Teixeira Mársico; Roberta de Oliveira Resende Ribeiro; Edgar Francisco Oliveira de Jesus

2012-01-01

14

Preference of Rj-soybean cultivars for Bradyrhizobium japonicum for nodulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to Investigate the correlation between the preference of soybeans (Glycine max L.) for Bradyrhizobium japonicum for nodulation and their Rj-genotypes, rhizobia were isolated from eight cultivars (non-Rj-cultivars: T202, Tol-1, and CNS-J; Rj2Rj3-ones: Hardee, IAC-2, and Bonminori; Rj4-ones: Hill and Amsoy 71) grown in the field and their compatibilities with Hill and IAC-2 were examined. Sixty-three percent of the

Junji Ishizuka; Yukiko Suemasu; Kyouko Mizogami

1991-01-01

15

Lightcurves of 4135 Svetlanov, 5614 Yakovlev, and (5985) 1942 RJ  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Lightcurves revealed the following periods and amplitudes for three asteroids: 4135 Svetlanov, 10.559 ± 0.003 h, 0.15 ± 0.04 mag; 5614 Yakovlev, 9.713 ± 0.001 h, 0.58 ± 0.05 mag; and (5985) 1942 RJ, 13.835 ± 0.002 h, 0.17 ± 0.03 mag.

Vander Haagen, Gary A.

2009-01-01

16

Effect of Rj Genotype and Cultivation Temperature on the Community Structure of Soybean-Nodulating Bradyrhizobia  

PubMed Central

The nodulation tendency and community structure of indigenous bradyrhizobia on Rj genotype soybean cultivars at cultivation temperatures of 33/28°C, 28/23°C, and 23/18°C for 16/8 h (day/night degrees, hours) were investigated using 780 bradyrhizobial DNA samples from an Andosol with 13 soybean cultivars of four Rj genotypes (non-Rj, Rj2Rj3, Rj4, and Rj2Rj3Rj4). A dendrogram was constructed based on restriction fragment length polymorphism of the PCR products (PCR-RFLP) of the 16S-23S rRNA gene internal transcribed spacer region. Eleven Bradyrhizobium U.S. Department of Agriculture strains were used as a reference. The dendrogram indicated seven clusters based on similarities among the reference strains. The occupancy rate of the Bj123 cluster decreased with increasing cultivation temperature, whereas the occupancy rates of the Bj110 cluster, Be76 cluster, and Be94 cluster increased with increasing cultivation temperature. In particular, the Rj2Rj3Rj4 genotype soybeans were infected with a number of Bj110 clusters, regardless of the increasing cultivation temperature, compared to other Rj genotype soybean cultivars. The ratio of beta diversity to gamma diversity (H??/H??), which represents differences in the bradyrhizobial communities by pairwise comparison among cultivation temperature sets within the same soybean cultivar, indicated that the bradyrhizobial communities tended to be different among cultivation temperatures. Multidimensional scaling analysis indicated that the infection of the Bj110 cluster and the Bj123 cluster by host soybean genotype and the cultivation temperature affected the bradyrhizobial communities. These results suggested that the Rj genotypes and cultivation temperatures affected the nodulation tendency and community structures of soybean-nodulating bradyrhizobia.

Shiro, Sokichi; Yamamoto, Akihiro; Umehara, Yosuke; Hayashi, Masaki; Yoshida, Naoto; Nishiwaki, Aya; Yamakawa, Takeo

2012-01-01

17

Analysis of the Body Distribution of Absorbed Dose in the Organs of Three Species of Fish from Sepetiba Bay  

SciTech Connect

The body distribution of Polonium-210 in three fishes from the Sepetiba Bay (Macrodon ancylodon, Micropogonias furnieri and Mugil curema) has been studied under the approach of the Department of Energy of the United States of America (DOE) that set the limit of absorbed dose rate in biota equal to 3.5x10{sup 3} {mu}Gy/y, and that also established the relation between dose rate (D) and radionuclide concentration (c) on a fish muscle fresh weight basis, as follows: D = 5.05 ExNxC, assuming that the radionuclide distribution is homogenous among organs. Two hypotheses were tested here, using statistical tools: 1) is the body distribution of absorbed dose homogenous among organs? and 2) is the body distribution of absorbed dose identical among studied fishes? It was concluded, as expected, that the distribution among organs is heterogeneous; but, unexpectedly, that the three fishes display identical body distribution pattern, although they belong to different trophic levels. Hence, concerning absorbed dose calculation, the statement that data distribution is homogenous must be understood merely as an approximation, at least in the case of Polonium-210.

Pereira, Wagner de S [Coordenacao de Protecao Radiologica, Unidade de Tratamento de Minerios, Caixa Postal 961, CEP 37701-970, Pocos de Caldas, MG, BR Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (Brazil); Universidade Federal Fluminense, Programa de Pos-graduacao em Biologia Marinha (Brazil); Kelecom, Alphonse [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Programa de Pos-graduacao em Ciencia Ambiental, Instituto de Geociencias, av. Litoranea s/no, Boa Viagem, 24210-340 Niteroi, RJ Caixa Postal 107.092, CEP 24360-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral. Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria LARARA, Caixa Postal 100.436, CEP 24000-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Santos Gouvea, Rita de Cassia dos [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Departamento de Biologia Geral. Laboratorio de Radiobiologia e Radiometria LARARA, Caixa Postal 100.436, CEP 24000-970, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil); Azevedo Py Junior, Delcy de [Coordenacao de Protecao Radiologica, Unidade de Concentrado de Uranio, Caixa Postal 7, CEP 46.400-000 Caetite, Bahia, Brasil Industrias Nucleares do Brasil (Brazil)

2008-08-07

18

Analysis of the Body Distribution of Absorbed Dose in the Organs of Three Species of Fish from Sepetiba Bay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The body distribution of Polonium-210 in three fishes from the Sepetiba Bay (Macrodon ancylodon, Micropogonias furnieri and Mugil curema) has been studied under the approach of the Department of Energy of the United States of America (DOE) that set the limit of absorbed dose rate in biota equal to 3.5×103 ?Gy/y, and that also established the relation between dose rate (D) and radionuclide concentration (c) on a fish muscle fresh weight basis, as follows: D = 5.05 E×N×C, assuming that the radionuclide distribution is homogenous among organs. Two hypotheses were tested here, using statistical tools: 1) is the body distribution of absorbed dose homogenous among organs? and 2) is the body distribution of absorbed dose identical among studied fishes? It was concluded, as expected, that the distribution among organs is heterogeneous; but, unexpectedly, that the three fishes display identical body distribution pattern, although they belong to different trophic levels. Hence, concerning absorbed dose calculation, the statement that data distribution is homogenous must be understood merely as an approximation, at least in the case of Polonium-210.

Pereira, Wagner De S.; Kelecom, Alphonse; Dos Santos Gouvea, Rita De Cássia; Py Júnior, Delcy De Azevedo

2008-08-01

19

Location, structure, and motion of Jupiter's dusk magnetospheric boundary from ?1625 to 2550 RJ  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report on plasma observations along Jupiter's dusk magnetospheric flank from ?1625 to 2550 RJ using measurements from the Solar Wind Around Pluto instrument onboard New Horizons (NH). NH observed 16 magnetopause crossings between 1654 and 2429 RJ that were identified by transitions between magnetotail\\/boundary layer and magnetosheath plasma. These transitions were either sharp, with the magnetopause clearly separating two

R. W. Ebert; D. J. McComas; F. Bagenal; H. A. Elliott

2010-01-01

20

FATE AND TOXICITY OF HIGH DENSITY MISSILE FUELS RJ-5 AND JP-9 IN AQUATIC TEST SYSTEMS  

EPA Science Inventory

The high density missile fuels RJ-5 and JP-9 resisted biodegradation when incubated with water/sediment suspensions collected from aquatic habitats. RJ-5 and JP-9 were not toxic to the microbial communities at concentrations of 400 mg per liter, but RJ-5 was toxic to Mysidopsis b...

21

PCR-based karyotyping of Anopheles gambiae inversion 2Rj identifies the BAMAKO chromosomal form  

PubMed Central

Background The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae is polymorphic for chromosomal inversions on the right arm of chromosome 2 that segregate nonrandomly between assortatively mating populations in West Africa. One such inversion, 2Rj, is associated with the BAMAKO chromosomal form endemic to southern Mali and northern Guinea Conakry near the Niger River. Although it exploits a unique ecology and both molecular and chromosomal data suggest reduced gene flow between BAMAKO and other A. gambiae populations, no molecular markers exist to identify this form. Methods To facilitate study of the BAMAKO form, a PCR assay for molecular karyotyping of 2Rj was developed based on sequences at the breakpoint junctions. The assay was extensively validated using more than 700 field specimens whose karyotypes were determined in parallel by cytogenetic and molecular methods. As inversion 2Rj also occurs in SAVANNA populations outside the geographic range of BAMAKO, samples were tested from Senegal, Cameroon and western Guinea Conakry as well as from Mali. Results In southern Mali, where 2Rj polymorphism in SAVANNA populations was very low and most of the 2Rj homozygotes were found in BAMAKO karyotypes, the molecular and cytogenetic methods were almost perfectly congruent. Elsewhere agreement between the methods was much poorer, as the molecular assay frequently misclassified 2Rj heterozygotes as 2R+j standard homozygotes. Conclusion Molecular karyotyping of 2Rj is robust and accurate on 2R+j standard and 2Rj inverted homozygotes. Therefore, the proposed approach overcomes the lack of a rapid tool for identifying the BAMAKO form across developmental stages and sexes, and opens new perspectives for the study of BAMAKO ecology and behaviour. On the other hand, the method should not be applied for molecular karyotyping of j-carriers within the SAVANNA chromosomal form.

Coulibaly, Mamadou B; Pombi, Marco; Caputo, Beniamino; Nwakanma, Davis; Jawara, Musa; Konate, Lassana; Dia, Ibrahima; Fofana, Abdrahamane; Kern, Marcia; Simard, Frederic; Conway, David J; Petrarca, Vincenzo; Torre, Alessandra della; Traore, Sekou; Besansky, Nora J

2007-01-01

22

Segmental duplication implicated in the genesis of inversion 2Rj of Anopheles gambiae.  

PubMed

The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae maintains high levels of inversion polymorphism that facilitate its exploitation of diverse ecological settings across tropical Africa. Molecular characterization of inversion breakpoints is a first step toward understanding the processes that generate and maintain inversions. Here we focused on inversion 2Rj because of its association with the assortatively mating Bamako chromosomal form of An. gambiae, whose distinctive breeding sites are rock pools beside the Niger River in Mali and Guinea. Sequence and computational analysis of 2Rj revealed the same 14.6 kb insertion between both breakpoints, which occurred near but not within predicted genes. Each insertion consists of 5.3 kb terminal inverted repeat arms separated by a 4 kb spacer. The insertions lack coding capacity, and are comprised of degraded remnants of repetitive sequences including class I and II transposable elements. Because of their large size and patchwork composition, and as no other instances of these insertions were identified in the An. gambiae genome, they do not appear to be transposable elements. The 14.6 kb modules inserted at both 2Rj breakpoint junctions represent low copy repeats (LCRs, also called segmental duplications) that are strongly implicated in the recent (approximately 0.4N(e) generations) origin of 2Rj. The LCRs contribute to further genome instability, as demonstrated by an imprecise excision event at the proximal breakpoint of 2Rj in field isolates. PMID:17786220

Coulibaly, Mamadou B; Lobo, Neil F; Fitzpatrick, Meagan C; Kern, Marcia; Grushko, Olga; Thaner, Daniel V; Traoré, Sékou F; Collins, Frank H; Besansky, Nora J

2007-09-05

23

Segmental Duplication Implicated in the Genesis of Inversion 2Rj of Anopheles gambiae  

PubMed Central

The malaria vector Anopheles gambiae maintains high levels of inversion polymorphism that facilitate its exploitation of diverse ecological settings across tropical Africa. Molecular characterization of inversion breakpoints is a first step toward understanding the processes that generate and maintain inversions. Here we focused on inversion 2Rj because of its association with the assortatively mating Bamako chromosomal form of An. gambiae, whose distinctive breeding sites are rock pools beside the Niger River in Mali and Guinea. Sequence and computational analysis of 2Rj revealed the same 14.6 kb insertion between both breakpoints, which occurred near but not within predicted genes. Each insertion consists of 5.3 kb terminal inverted repeat arms separated by a 4 kb spacer. The insertions lack coding capacity, and are comprised of degraded remnants of repetitive sequences including class I and II transposable elements. Because of their large size and patchwork composition, and as no other instances of these insertions were identified in the An. gambiae genome, they do not appear to be transposable elements. The 14.6 kb modules inserted at both 2Rj breakpoint junctions represent low copy repeats (LCRs, also called segmental duplications) that are strongly implicated in the recent (?0.4Ne generations) origin of 2Rj. The LCRs contribute to further genome instability, as demonstrated by an imprecise excision event at the proximal breakpoint of 2Rj in field isolates.

Coulibaly, Mamadou B.; Lobo, Neil F.; Fitzpatrick, Meagan C.; Kern, Marcia; Grushko, Olga; Thaner, Daniel V.; Traore, Sekou F.; Collins, Frank H.; Besansky, Nora J.

2007-01-01

24

Contents of isoflavones and effect of isoflavones on root hair curling in non-nodulating- Rj1Rj1) soybean plant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Leguminous plants form symbiotic nitrogen-fixing nodules with specific bacterial species of Rhizobium or Bradyrhizobium. This symbiosis takes place by interaction of both partners. The non-nodulating mutants of the host plants are useful materials for physiological and genetical analyses of plant function in nodule formation. In a Rj1 non-nodulating mutant of soybean, root hair curling was greatly reduced, whereas bacterial adhesion

Norio Suganuma; Sadako Satoh

1991-01-01

25

Bacillus cereus EM AMOSTRAS DE DOCES INDUSTRIALIZADOS COMERCIALIZADOS POR AMBULANTES NOS MUNICÍPIOS DE SEROPÉDICA E ITAGUAÍ - RJ  

Microsoft Academic Search

GOMES, L. P.; RODRIGUES, M. M.; SOARES, G.; BARONI, F. de A. and SOUZA, M. M. S. de. Bacillus cereus in samples of street-vended candies in counties of Seropédica and Itaguaí - RJ. Revista Universidade Rural: Série Ciências da Vida, Seropédica, RJ: EDUR, v. 24, n.2, p. 103-106, jul.-dez, 2004. Bacillus. cereus is a facultative aerobic sporeforming bacterium commonly found

LIGIA PORTUGAL GOMES; MAURA MENEZES RODRIGUES; GABRIELA SOARES; FRANCISCO DE ASSIS BARONI; MILIANE MOREIRA SOARES DE SOUZA

26

Surface Density of Extremely Red Objects with R-J?5  

Microsoft Academic Search

A catalogue of galaxies with extremely red colours (R-J?5), covering 8.43 square degrees has been selected from optical and\\u000a near-infrared data. Based on their bright near-infrared magnitude and their very red colour, these objects are likely to be\\u000a very massive galaxies with little or no ongoing star formation. We have derived a surface density of 0.0396  0.0011 arcmin–2 (Poisson uncertainties) for these

Angela Hempel; Tom Herbst; Dave Thompson

2005-01-01

27

Natural Gamma Radiation in Rooms of a Building in the Pontificia Universidade Catolica (PUC/RJ), Brazil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Gamma radiation in a set of rooms of the sector D of the Cardeal Leme Building in the Pontifica Universidade Catolica of Rio de Janeiro, and also in some outdoors areas at the PUC/RJ campus, are examined using well established experimental techniques. The...

R. R. Pinho

1986-01-01

28

Modern benthic diatom distribution in a hypersaline coastal lagoon: the Lagoa de Araruama (R.J.), Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diatom assemblages identified in 75 surface sediment samples in a shallow hypersaline coastal lagoon (Lagoa de Araruama, R.J., Brazil) are mainly composed of holo-euryhaline and marine euryhaline benthic taxa. The lagoon is characterized by an assemblage dominated by Cocconeis placentula var. euglypta, associated with Catenula adhaerens and Cocconeis diminuta. However, different areas, characterized by specific assemblages, have been identified. Their

Florence Sylvestre; Beatriz Beck-Eichler; Wania Duleba; Jean-Pierre Debenay

2001-01-01

29

The type specimens of Apoidea (Hymenoptera) deposited in the Entomological Collection of Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.  

PubMed

A list of 41 Apoidea (Hymenoptera) type specimens deposited in the Entomological Collection of the Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil is presented. The types previously belonged to the Zikán and Schrottky private collections. A total of 11 holotypes and 30 paratypes are listed with their respective data and literature. PMID:9332600

Ferraz, M V

30

R.J. Reynolds' Targeting of African Americans: 1988-2000  

PubMed Central

Objectives. The purpose of this study was to describe RJ Reynolds (RJR) Tobacco Company’s strategy for targeting African Americans, as revealed in tobacco industry documents and magazine advertisements. Methods. The authors searched industry documents to determine RJR’s strategies and analyzed magazine advertising during 2 periods: the time of the launch of the company’s Uptown cigarette (1989–1990) and a decade later (1999–2000). Results. RJR’s efforts to target the African American market segment existed before and after Uptown, and the company’s strategy was largely implemented via other RJR brands. Advertisements featured mentholated cigarettes, fantasy/escape, expensive objects, and nightlife. Conclusions. To help all populations become tobacco-free, tobacco control practitioners must understand and counter tobacco industry strategies.

Balbach, Edith D.; Gasior, Rebecca J.; Barbeau, Elizabeth M.

2003-01-01

31

The type III Secretion System of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 mediates symbiotic incompatibility with Rj2 soybean plants.  

PubMed

The rhcJ and ttsI mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 for the type III protein secretion system (T3SS) failed to secrete typical effector proteins and gained the ability to nodulate Rj2 soybean plants (Hardee), which are symbiotically incompatible with wild-type USDA122. This suggests that effectors secreted via the T3SS trigger incompatibility between these two partners. PMID:23204412

Tsukui, Takahiro; Eda, Shima; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Okazaki, Shin; Kakizaki-Chiba, Kaori; Itakura, Manabu; Mitsui, Hisayuki; Yamashita, Akifumi; Terasawa, Kimihiro; Minamisawa, Kiwamu

2012-11-30

32

The Type III Secretion System of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 Mediates Symbiotic Incompatibility with Rj2 Soybean Plants  

PubMed Central

The rhcJ and ttsI mutants of Bradyrhizobium japonicum USDA122 for the type III protein secretion system (T3SS) failed to secrete typical effector proteins and gained the ability to nodulate Rj2 soybean plants (Hardee), which are symbiotically incompatible with wild-type USDA122. This suggests that effectors secreted via the T3SS trigger incompatibility between these two partners.

Tsukui, Takahiro; Eda, Shima; Kaneko, Takakazu; Sato, Shusei; Okazaki, Shin; Kakizaki-Chiba, Kaori; Itakura, Manabu; Mitsui, Hisayuki; Yamashita, Akifumi; Terasawa, Kimihiro

2013-01-01

33

RJ 051542+0104.7: A new magnetic, eclipsing, cataclysmic variable  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present photometric and spectroscopic observations of a recently identified X-ray bright, magnetic cataclysmic variable, RJ 051542+0104.7. The X-ray source was discovered serendipitously by Walter et al. (1994; Walter & Zoonematkermani 1994), and their data imply the presence of a heated white dwarf compatible with a magnetic accretion column. Buckley (1994) has reported the presence of circular polarization. Our optical photometry shows that the system undergoes eclipses with a period of 7.9835 +/- 0.0002 hours. The eclipse is 1 magnitude deep and appears to be total. Our spectra were all obtained near eclipse and show a strong blue continuum with broad Balmer emission as well as He II (4686 and 5411 A), C III/N III (4650 A) and He I lines. The blue continuum and emission lines disappear during eclipse, leaving only the spectrum of a M0 star. Using the observed magnitude during eclipse and ignoring interstellar extinction, the distance is approximately 500 pc. For the secondary to fill its Roche lobe, it must be at least 20% larger than that of a normal dM0 star. This may indicate the red dwarf is far from local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) due to strong magnetic braking. We find evidence for cyclotron humps in the continuum spectrum which imply a magnetic field strength in the cyclotron emitting region of up to 55 MG. The unexpected existence of a long period AM Her system should provide constraints on models of polar evolution.

Garnavich, Peter M.; Szkody, Paula; Robb, Russell M.; Zurek, David R.; Hoard, D. W.

1994-11-01

34

[Daily eating habits of obese women living in Rocinha Shanytown (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil)].  

PubMed

This article presents conclusions of research conducted at Ensp/Fiocruz, as part of a master's degree course. One of the objectives of the research to investigate the eating habits of women living in the Rocinha Shantytown (Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil) from a socio-anthropological perspective. The results revealed that the eating habits of the group were repetitive, with few variations in the menu consisting basically of rice, bean, sugars and fats. We further observed the rejection of industrialized and canned products. This food consumption pattern seems to conform to Brazilian food culture revealing the preservation of the national identity based on feeding habits. Consequently, it is necessary to set aside presuppositions regarding the relationship between food consumption and obesity, especially with respect to the predominant idea of changes in diet with the incorporation of a "modern" or "western" diet that prevail in studies in the field of nutrition in Brazil. In this sense, we signaled the need to reassert a multidimensional approach for studies about food and nutrition in the country. This proposal involves overcoming restricted conceptual outlooks and the creation of new avenues of investigation. PMID:21709995

Ferreira, Vanessa Alves; Magalhães, Rosana

2011-06-01

35

Results of the radiological survey at 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 31 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ003), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

1992-10-01

36

Results of the radiological survey at 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956. MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from this thorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy (DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 27 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ004), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

1992-10-01

37

Integrated Tools for American Cutaneous Leishmaniasis Surveillance and Control: Intervention in an Endemic Area in Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil.  

PubMed

American cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL) is a focal disease whose surveillance and control require complex actions. The present study aimed to apply integrated tools related to entomological surveillance, environmental management, and health education practices in an ACL-endemic area in Rio de Janeiro city, RJ, Brazil. The distribution of the disease, the particular characteristics of the localities, and entomological data were used as additional information about ACL determinants. Environmental management actions were evaluated after health education practices. The frequency of ACL vectors Lutzomyia (N.) intermedia and L. migonei inside and outside houses varied according to environment characteristics, probably influenced by the way of life of the popular groups. In this kind of situation environmental management and community mobilization become essential, as they help both specialists and residents create strategies that can interfere in the dynamics of vector's population and the contact between man and vectors. PMID:22988458

Gouveia, Cheryl; de Oliveira, Rosely Magalhães; Zwetsch, Adriana; Motta-Silva, Daniel; Carvalho, Bruno Moreira; de Santana, Antônio Ferreira; Rangel, Elizabeth Ferreira

2012-09-04

38

Isolation of pure compound R/J/3 from Pluchea indica (L.) Less. and its anti-amoebic activities against Entamoeba histolytica.  

PubMed

The plant Pluchea indica is known for its anti-inflammatory, anti-ulcer, anti-pyretic, hypoglycemic, diuretic and anti-microbial activities besides many other pharmacological activities. We have isolated and purified seven compounds from the methanolic root extract of this plant by column chromatography. The compounds were identified by spectroscopic analyses. The anti-amoebic activities of the pure compound R/J/3 was investigated against the HM1 strain of Entamoeba histolytica. The compound, R/J/3 showed the most pronounced anti-proliferative activity at a dose of 50 microg/ml. It also showed a marked activity on cell lysis of trophozoites, 4h after administration. The cell lytic activity was compared with metronidazole (5 microg/ml) as positive control. PMID:17174538

Biswas, Ria; Dutta, P K; Achari, B; Bandyopadhyay, Durba; Mishra, Moumita; Pramanik, K C; Chatterjee, T K

2006-12-15

39

Characterization of the expressed CIITA allele in the class II MHC transcriptional mutant RJ2.2.5  

SciTech Connect

Class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) genes are regulated in a coordinate manner. A set of conserved upstream elements termed the W/Z/S, X1, X2, and Y boxes are found 5{prime} to class II genes, the R gene, and the HLA-DM genes. These conserved elements are required for tissue-specific and IFN{gamma}-mediated regulation of these genes. The DNA-binding proteins RFX, X2BP, and NFY have been found to specifically interact with the X1, X2, and Y box elements, respectively, as well as with each other. A role for an additional factor was recently demonstrated by the cloning of a gene that could complement the MHC class H gene-specific transcriptional deficiency in the mutant cell line RJ2.2.5 as well as cell lines isolated from patients exhibiting the bare lymphocyte syndrome. This gene was termed the class II transactivator or CIITA. While both genetic and biochemical studies have indicated interactions between the DNA-binding proteins described above, direct interactions with CIITA have not been described. 23 refs., 3 figs.

Brown, J.A.; He, X.F.; Westerheide, S.D. [Emory Univ. School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA (United States)] [and others

1996-06-01

40

"And they told two friends...and so on": RJ Reynolds' viral marketing of Eclipse and its potential to mislead the public  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore viral marketing strategies for Eclipse cigarettes used by the RJ Reynolds Company (Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA). Methods Analysis of previously secret tobacco industry documents and multimedia materials. Results The failure of RJ Reynolds’ (RJR) 1988 “smokeless” cigarette, Premier, was in part due to widespread bad word of mouth about the product’s flavour, quality and difficulty of use. In 1994 RJR introduced an updated version of Premier, the ostensibly “reduced risk” Eclipse cigarette. RJR developed viral marketing channels to promote Eclipse using (1) exploratory interviews to motivate consumers to spread the word about Eclipse prior to market release, (2) promotional videos featuring positive feedback from test group participants to portray majority consensus among triers, (3) “Tupperware”-like parties for Eclipse where participants received samples to pass around in their social circles and (4) the Eclipse website’s bulletin board as a forum for potential users to discuss the brand in their own words. These strategies targeted the brand’s likeliest adopters, recruited informal and credible representatives of the product unaffiliated with RJR, and controlled the information spread about the product. Conclusions Viral marketing techniques may be particularly useful to promote new tobacco products such as Eclipse that have limited appeal and need a highly motivated audience of early adopters and acceptors. Such techniques help evade the mass rejection that could follow mass promotion, circumvent marketing restrictions, and allow tobacco companies to benefit from health claims made by consumers. Cigarette manufacturers must be held accountable for perceived health benefits encouraged by all promotional activities including viral marketing.

Anderson, S J; Ling, P M

2010-01-01

41

Corumbiara: o massacre dos camponeses. Rondônia\\/Brasil 1995  

Microsoft Academic Search

O massacre de Corumbiara mostra que o conflito na fazenda Santa Elina tem as mesmas características de milhares de conflitos por terra que aconteceram e acontecem no Brasil, e que o massacre de Corumbiara tem a mesma gênese de tantos outros massacres acontecidos contra camponeses, posseiros e índios ao longo de quinhentos anos de luta pelo acesso e posse à

Helena Angélica de Mesquita

2007-01-01

42

Un mito del hambre en el nordeste de Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

El objetivo del presente estudio es permitir la comprensión, mediante un abordaje etnográfico, de los significados del hambre en las vivencias de actores sociales que enfrentan la pobreza extrema en un barrio de Salvador, Bahía, Brasil. Los relatos se han analizado con el objeto de entender la construcción de signos inherentes al sufrimiento de quienes padecen de hambre cotidianamente. En

Maria do Carmo S. Freitas; Paulo G. L. Pena

2003-01-01

43

Um Estudo Exploratório sobre Inteligência Competitiva no Brasil AUTOR  

Microsoft Academic Search

This is an exploratory study and its main objective was to analyse the daily work from Competitive Intelligence Professionals, as analysts and managers in Brasil. It was developed under a sample based on 79 companies among 500 companies from Maiores and Melhores Guide 2007, with a structured questionnaire and interviews. The main results indicated that companies follow the competitors every

ALFREDO PASSOS DA SILVA

44

Improving weather modeling in South America through IDD-Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The IDD-Brasil constitutes of an international collaboration among Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (LPM\\/UFRJ), Centro de Previsão de Tempo e Estudos Climáticos (CPTEC\\/INPE) and the Unidata Program Center (Unidata\\/UCAR), which connects several universities and research centers across the Americas in a network to share real-time hydro meteorological data. Using this network as a new path to deliver and acquire

G. O. Chagas

2007-01-01

45

PRODUÇÃO E COMERCIALIZAÇÃO DA CASTANHA DO BRASIL (BERTHOLLETIA EXCELSA, H.B.K) NO ESTADO DO ACRE BRASIL, 1998-2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

A castanha do brasil (Bertholletia excelsa, H.B.K.), é uma planta nativa da Amazônia, sendo uma das mais importantes espécies de exploração extrativista. Suas amêndoas apresentam alto valor econômico, tornando-se uma das principais atividades econômicas na região amazônica. O presente estudo teve como objetivo fazer um levantamento da produção e comercialização da castanha-do-brasil no Estado do Acre, n o período de

Lilliane Martins; Zenobio Perelli Gouveia E Silva; Breno Carrillo Silveira

2008-01-01

46

M'O.RJ:i THAN  

Center for Drug Evaluation (CDER)

Text Version... You are not eligible if prescriptions are paid by any state or other federally funded programs, including, but not limited to Medicare or Medicaid ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/drugs/guidancecomplianceregulatoryinformation

47

Recent results with radioactive ion beams in Brasil (RIBRAS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The RIBRAS facility (Radiactive Ion Beams in Brasil) is installed next to the 8 MV Pelletron Tandem of the Nuclear Physics Laboratory of the Institute of Physics of the University of Sa~o Paulo. It consists of two superconducting solenoids with maximum magnetic field of B=6.5T. Light radioactive ion beams are produced through transfer reactions, using solid or gaseous production targets of Be, LiF, 3He etc. The solenoids make a magnetic rigidity selection and the use of the two solenoids with a degrader between them allows the production of quite pure secondary beams. Beams of 6He, 8Li, 7Be, 10Be, 8B, 12B are currently produced and used to study elastic, inelastic, and transfer reactions on a variety of light, medium mass and heavy secondary targets. Some examples of reactions recently studied are presented below.

Lépine-Szily, A.; Lichtenthäler, R.; Guimara~es, V.; Mendes, D. R., Jr.; Descouvemont, P.; de Faria, P. N.; Barioni, A.; Leistenschneider, E.; Morcelle, V.; Morais, M. C.; Pires, K. C. C.; Condori, R. Pampa; Assunça~o, M. M.; Scarduelli, V.; Gasques, L. R.; Zamora, J. C.

2012-10-01

48

Zoneamento agrícola e época de semeadura para trigo no Brasil Agricultural zoning and sowing dates for wheat in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo - Um Programa de Zoneamento Agrícola para o Brasil, subsidiando a política de crédito e securidade rural, começou a ser posto em prática pelo Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA) a partir da safra de inverno de 1996, com a cultura de trigo no sul do Brasil. Este artigo apresenta uma síntese dos trabalhos sobre zoneamento agrícola para

Gilberto Rocca da Cunha; João Carlos Haas; Jaime Ricardo; Tavares Maluf; Paulo Henrique Caramori; Eduardo Delgado Assad; Hugo José Braga; Jurandir Zullo Jr; Cláudio Lazzarotto; Sérgio Gonçalves; Marcos Wrege; Dionísio Brunetta; Sérgio Roberto Dotto; Hilton Silveira Pinto; Orivaldo Brunini; Vera Magali; Radtke Thomé; Sérgio Luiz Zampieri; Aldemir Pasinato; Márcia Barrocas Moreira Pimentel; Cristina Pandolfo

2001-01-01

49

Low energy nuclear reactions with RIBRAS, Radioactive Ion Beam in Brasil, system  

Microsoft Academic Search

RIBRAS, Radioactive Ion beam in Brasil, is a system based on superconducting solenoids which can produce low energy RNB (Radioactive Nuclear Beams) at the University of São Paulo, Brazil. Secondary radioactive beams of light particles such as 6He, 7Be and 8Li have been produced and low energy elastic scattering and transfer reaction experiments have been performed. The recent scientific program

V. Guimarães; A. Lépine-Szily; R. Lichtenthäler; P. N. de Faria; A. Barioni; K. C. C. Pires; V. Morcelle; D. R. Mendes; J. C. Zamora; M. C. Morais; R. P. Condori; E. A. Benjamim; D. S. Monteiro; E. Crema; A. M. Moro; J. Lubian

2011-01-01

50

DINÂMICA DA EXPANSÃO FLORESTAL EM MOSAICOS DE FLORESTA E CAMPOS NO SUL DO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo No sul do Brasil vegetação campestre e florestal interpenetram-se sob condições climáticas que seriam típicas de predomínio florestal. Evidências paleoecológicas indicam que as florestas no sul iniciaram sua expansão sobre os Campos a partir de alterações climáticas ocorridas há cerca de 4000 anos antes do presente, um processo que, parece, tende a continuar. A conservação dos Campos tem sido

Valério De Patta Pillar

51

Análisis del metabolismo energético y de materiales de Brasil, Chile y Venezuela  

Microsoft Academic Search

El artículo presenta una aplicación de las metodologías de Análisis de Flujo de Materiales y Análisis Integrado Multi- Escala del Metabolismo Social (MSIASM, siglas en inglés) para la caracterización de modelos de desarrollo económico de Brasil, Chile, y Venezuela, mediante la utilización combinada de datos económicos y de uso de energía y materiales para diferentes sectores y en diversos niveles

Nina Eisenmenger; Jesús Ramos Martín; Heinz Schandl

2007-01-01

52

DISTRIBUIÇÃO DE RENDA E POBREZA NO BRASIL NO PERÍODO DE 1995 A 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Distribuição de renda; Pobreza; Decomposição; Elasticidade e Amostra complexa. Resumo - Esse artigo investiga a evolução da distribuição de renda e da pobreza no Brasil durante o período 1995-1999 levando em conta todas as características do plano amostral complexo da Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílios (peso, estrato e unidade primária). Adicionalmente, a distribuição de renda do estrato que

Patrick Wöhrle Guimarães

53

Dissolved mercury concentrations and reactivity in mangrove waters from the Itacurussa Experimental Forest, Sepetiba Bay, SE Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mangrove waters from the Itacurussa Experimental Forest (IEF), SE Brazilare enriched in reactive-Hg (15 ± 2.0 pM) and total-Hg (28 ±2.5 pM) relative to open bay waters (4.5 ± 3.0 pM and 19 ±8.5 pM, for reactive-Hg and total-Hg respectively). Mercury concentrationsand reactivity varied according to tidal flux in mangrove creek waters.Reactive-Hg concentrations were higher in ebb tide waters ranging

L. D. Lacerda; L. F. F. Silva; R. V. Marins; S. Mounier; H. H. M. Paraquetti; J. Benaim

2001-01-01

54

Comments of Lorillard Tobacco Company and RJ Reynolds ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... FDA regulation of tobacco products is a science based, science driven process. ... and the science alone will help us at FDA shape regulations and ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

55

[Trophic niches in calyptrate Diptera in Rio de Janeiro, RJ].  

PubMed

Niche breadth and niche overlap of flies were estimated. The flies were breeding in different environments in Rio de Janerio (rural, urban and forest). It were used as a larvae substrate: banana mashed, mouse carcass, fish (sardine), bovine liver, shrimp and fresh human faeces. It were bred 14,294 flies, belonging to four families: Calliphoridae, Fanniidae, Muscidae and Sarcophagidae. The greater niche overlap values observed were: rural area: Phaenicia cuprina versus Chrysomya megacephala; urban area: Phaenicia eximia versus Sarcodexia innota and P. eximia versus Synthesiomyia nudiseta; forest area: P. eximia versus Hemilucilia flavifacies. The greater niche breadth recorded were: rural area: Peckia chrysostoma; urban area: S. nudiseta and Musca domestica; forest area: Euboettcheria collusor and P. eximia. PMID:9987210

d'Almeida, J M; Almeida, J R

1998-11-01

56

Análisedaevoluçãodasuscetibilidadeamovimentos ?demassanomunicípiodeParaty, RJ,?baseadaemdadosdesensoriamentoremoto?óptico ?multitemporaledadosdecampo  

Microsoft Academic Search

The process of clearing the dense forests in Serra do Mar escarps in the Paraty region can add more instability to the natural landslides susceptibility of the municipality. Aiming to provide instruments and alert the government, is presented here an evolution of Landslides Susceptibility Maps of the years 1973, 1986, 1993 and 2008. The methodology used was based on the

Teodoro Isnard; Ribeiro de Almeida; Alessandra Cristina Corsi; Agostinho Tadashi Ogura

57

Aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos da leishmaniose visceral em menores de 15 anos procedentes de Alagoas, Brasil Clinical and epidemiological aspects of visceral leishmaniasis in children up to 15 years of age in Alagoas, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to investigate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of visceral leishmaniasis in children up to 15 years old, a prospective study was carried out in Alagoas, Brasil from 1981 to 1995. Of the 530 diagnosed cases, predominantly from the rural area of Alagoas State, 58% were male and 42% female, being 55.3% children under 5 years old. The most frequently

Célia Maria Silva Pedrosa; Maria Mauricio da Rocha

58

Perfil da automedicação em idosos participantes de grupos da terceira idade de uma cidade do sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo Introdução: A automedicação tem sido objeto de muitas pesquisas e assume uma importância maior quando é realizada por idosos, pois geralmente representam um grupo polimedicado. Objetivo: Avaliar a automedicação em idosos participantes de grupos da terceira idade localizados em uma cidade do sul do Brasil. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal baseado em entrevistas com idosos participantes de grupos

Edézio Antunes Cascaes; Maria Luiza Falchetti; Dayani Galato

59

Nova ocorrência de Asiatoceratodus (Osteichthyes, Dipnoiformes) na Formação Alcântara, Eocenomaniano da bacia de São Luís, MA, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO - O Cretáceo médio está bem representado na Bacia de São Luís pelos depósitos predominantemente areníticos da Formação Alcântara. Na Ilha do Cajual, norte do Estado do Maranhão, nordeste do Brasil, uma paleocomunidade continental datada como de idade eocenomaniana inclui vegetais, peixes, crocodilomorfos e dinossauros. Duas placas dentárias, coletadas em uma fácies conglomerática, com sete cristas arranjadas de forma

DARCILÉA FERREIRA CASTRO; EDUARDO VIEIRA; MANUEL ALFREDO MEDEIROS

2004-01-01

60

FARINHA MISTA DE MANDIOCA COM CASTANHA-DO-BRASIL: UMA ALTERNATIVA AGROECOLÓGICA PARA A RESERVA EXTRATIVISTA CAZUMBÁ-IRACEMA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A farinha de mandioca é o principal produto em importância alimentar servindo como fonte de energia e geração de renda para os agricultores familiares da Amazônia. A castanha-do-brasil é uma das principais fontes de proteína vegetal, geração de emprego e renda para os extrativistas da Amazônia. Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar o arranjo produtivo local da farinha mista de

Amauri Siviero; Carlo Filipe E. Raimundo; Lauro Saraiva Lessa; Thiago Andres Delunardo; Oscar Borreani Pardinas

2008-01-01

61

Projeto Missões, Computação Gráfica Multimídia da Reconstituição Computadorizada da Redução de São Miguel Arcanjo no Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Design Missions - Graphical Computation, recoups in a graphical and digital the pictures of the Church and the Reduction of São Miguel Arcanjo, RS, Brasil, allowing to the public a virtual stroll through the set at the time of its foundation in 1687. Initiate in 1990, the design refers the appropriation and implementation of the new computational technologies. The

Isabel A. Medero Rocha; Voltaire Danckwardt

2002-01-01

62

Expectativas, volatilidad del mercado de capitales y comportamiento de la inversión privada. Teoría y evidencia empírica para Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

La investigación que se resume en este trabajo representa la primera etapa de un esfuerzo que pretende analizar algunos aspectos importantes de la interacción entre el mercado accionario y el comportamiento de la inversión de las empresas, para un número de países en desarrollo endeudados. El presente trabajo analiza el caso de Brasil y presenta algunos resultados de estimaciones preliminares

Mansoor Dailami

63

Scientific program of the Radioactive Ion Beams Facility in Brasil (RIBRAS)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The RIBRAS facility (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil) is installed in connection with the 8MV Pelletron tandem of the University of São Paulo Physics Institute. It consists of two superconducting solenoids which focalize light radioactive secondary beams of low energy, produced by transfer reactions. Recent experimental results include the elastic scattering and transfer reactions of 6He halo nucleus on 9Be, 27Al, 51V and 120Sn targets. The elastic scattering and transfer of 8Li and 7Be on several targets is also being studied. The transfer reaction 8Li(p,?)5He of astrophysical interest was also studied in the E=0.2-2.5MeV energy range.

Lépine-Szily, A.; Lichtenthäler, R.; Guimarães, V.; Mendes, D. R.; de Faria, P. N.; Barioni, A.; Benjamim, E. A.; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Condori, R. Pampa; Morais, M. C.; Descouvemont, P.; Moro, A. M.; Rodríguez Gallardo, M.; Assunção, M. M.; Alcantara Nunez, J. A.; Shorto, J. M. B.; Zamora, J. C.; Leistenschneider, E.; Lima, C. E. F.

2010-03-01

64

Soybean preference for Bradyrhizobium japonicum for modulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

To obtain soybean (Glycine max. L. Merr.) lines harboring the Rj2- and Rj4-genes, the Rj2-cultivar IAC-2 (Genotype Rj2Rj2rj4rj4) and Rj4-cultivar Hill (rj2rj2Rj4Rj4) were crossed. Genotype Rj2Rj2Rj4Rj4 was selected based on its nodulation reactions with the combined inoculum of Brady rhizobium japonicum strains Is-1 (nodulation-type B; nodulates the Rj4-cultivar but does not nodulate the Rj2-cultivar) and Is-34 (type C; nodulates the

Junji Ishizuka; Seok Dong Kim; A. K. M. Anwar Hussain; Takeo Yamakawa

1993-01-01

65

Producción de hojarasca en un bosque semideciduo estacional en São Pedro, Potirendaba, estado de São Paulo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Litter production was determined during a year in a semideciduous forest located in Potirendaba, State of São Paulo, Brasil. Litterfall was collected at monthly intervals, from June 1999 to May 2000, by placing 15 traps of 0.25 m 2 of surface area. The material was separated into five components and the sorted samples were dried at 80ºC in order to

Maristela Sanches Bertasso-Borges; Dania Prieto Trueba; Fabrícia C. Peral; Cristiane A. R. Tamburi; Ronaldo Caseri; Rosalina Berazaín

66

OCORRÊNCIA DE ANTICORPOS CONTRA Toxoplasma gondii EM SUÍNOS E OVINOS ABATIDOS NO MUNICÍPIO DE GUARAPUAVA, PR, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

MOURA, A.B. DE; OSAKI, S.C.; ZULPO, D.L.; MARANA, E.R.M. (Occurrence of anti- Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in swine and ovine slaughtered at Municipality of Guarapuava in the State of Paraná, Brazil.) Ocorrência de anticorpos contra Toxoplasma gondii em suínos e ovinos abatidos no município de Guarapuava, PR, Brasil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, v. 16, n. 1, p. 54-56, 2007. Departamento

ANDERSON B. DE MOURA; SILVIA C. OSAKI; DAUTON L. ZULPO; ELIZABETE R. M. MARANA

67

Controle biológico natural de pulgões (Hemiptera: Aphididae) em lavoura de trigo por parasitóides (Hymenoptera, Aphidiinae), no município de Medianeira, PR, Brasil Natural biological control of aphids (Hemiptera: Aphididae) in a wheat field by parasitoids (Hymenoptera, Aphidiinae) in Medianeira, PR, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Os pulgões são um dos principais problemas fitossanitários da cultura do trigo no sul do Brasil, sendo alvo de um programa de controle biológico por parasitóides implantado no Brasil a partir da década de 1970. A despeito do sucesso inicial rapidamente obtido não há na região oeste do Paraná nenhum estudo recente avaliando a situação atual do controle biológico dos

Luis Francisco Angeli Alves; Tânia M. V. Prestes; Agostinho Zanini; Maria F. Dalmolin

68

DISCUSSÃO SOBRE INTOXICAÇÕES POR MEDICAMENTOS E AGROTÓXICOS NO BRASIL DE 1999 A 2002 Discussion about Medication and Pesticide Poisonings in Brazil from 1999 to 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: Medicamentos e agrotóxicos são intensamente consumidos e os contextos produtivos e mercadológico nos quais estes estão inseridos aproximam os riscos à saúde e ao meio ambiente relacionados à sua utilização, dentre os quais estão as intoxicações, cujos principais agentes são os medicamentos e agrotóxicos. Objetivos. Discutir o padrão de intoxicações por medicamentos e agrotóxicos no Brasil, mostrando a aproximação

Reginaldo T. Mendonça; Jaqueline L. Marinho

69

AVALIAÇÃO DE TÉCNICAS DE REGRESSÃO E DE UMA NOVA ABORDAGEM PARA A OTIMIZAÇÃO DO PROCESSO DE DESFOSFORAÇÃO DE AÇO NO CONVERTEDOR LD DA V&M DO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper demonstrates a new model to the phosphorus forecasting content to LD converter from V&M do Brasil. The model from the previous work, trough multiple regression, is evaluated with a new regression, in this time, nonlinear, represented by an Artificial Neural Network. It is demonstrated a new methodology to the phosphorus minimization grade from the process variables available at

Daniel Henrique Dominguete; Leandro Peixoto Almeida; Alexandre Pereira Moreira; Paulo Miranda Gonçalves; Sanderson Vanucci Carvalho

2006-01-01

70

Hipertensão arterial sistêmica no Brasil: o que avançamos no conhecimento de sua epidemiologia? Systemic hypertension in Brazil: how much have we improved our knowledge about its epidemiology?  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO A hipertensão arterial sistêmica (HAS), um dos prin- cipais determinantes da morbidade e mortalidade cardiovasculares, tem sido objeto de estudo em todo o mundo, seja por seus aspectos clínicos, fisiopatológicos ou como problema de saúde na coletividade. No Brasil, os primeiros estudos sobre prevalência surgiram na década de 1970, com produções crescentes na litera- tura e em congressos desde

Marta de Medeiros Neder; Arthur Augusto; Nogueira Borges

71

EFICIÊNCIA PRODUTIVA DE EMPRESAS DA INDÚSTRIA DE ALIMENTOS NO BRASIL Grupo de Pesquisa: Estrutura, Evolução e Dinâmica dos Sistemas Agroalimentares e Cadeias Agroindustriais  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: A indústria de alimentos no Brasil é um setor de g rande importância para a economia brasileira com poucos estudos publicados quanto ao seu desempenho operacional. Este trabalho avalia a eficiência relativa (técnica e de escala) de uma amostra de empresas de diferentes segmentos desta indústria, utilizando-se para tanto o Método DEA. Os segmentos analisados foram: Conglomerados Alimentícios; Óleos

Apresentação Oral-Estrutura; OSCAR TUPY

72

Effect of sediment composition on methane concentration and production in the transition zone of a mangrove (Sepetiba Bay, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).  

PubMed

The aim of this research was to evaluate the effect of sediment composition on methane (CH4) dynamics in sediments of different areas in the transition zone between a mangrove and the sea. This research was conducted in a mangrove at Coroa Grande, on the southern coast of Rio de Janeiro. Samples were collected at three stations: (1) region colonised by Rhizophora mangle L. on the edge of the mangrove, (2) region colonised by seagrasses and (3) infra-littoral region without vegetation. Samples were collected from the surface layer of the sediment to determine the concentrations of nutrients (C, N and P) and CH4 concentration and production. We observed that concentrations of CH4 and carbon (C) were significantly higher (p < 0.05) in station 1 than station 3. The molar ratios (C:N, C:P and N:P) suggest that the origin of the substrate is mainly autochthonous. Methanogenesis was initially low, possibly due to competition between methanogens and sulfate reducers, and increased significantly (p < 0.05) on the twenty-sixth day in the sediment of station 1, probably due to higher organic matter (OM) availability in this region. Results indicate that methanogenic activity observed herein is not regulated by the amount or quality of OM, but by other factors. The concentration of CH4 in the sea-land ecotone at Mangrove Coroa Grande is a function of available OM suggesting a possible inhibition of methanotrophy by intense oxygen consumption in the soil surface covered by detritus of Rhizophora mangle vegetation. PMID:22990811

Marinho, C C; Campos, E A; Guimarães, J R D; Esteves, F A

2012-08-01

73

Petrophysical analysis of limestone rocks by nuclear logging and 3D high-resolution X-ray computed microtomography  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study presents the pore-space system analysis of the 2-ITAB-1-RJ well cores, which were drilled in the São José do Itaboraí Basin, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. The analysis presented herein has been developed based on two techniques: nuclear logging and 3D high-resolution X-ray computed microtomography. Nuclear logging has been proven to be the technique that provides

M. F. S. Oliveira; I. Lima; P. L. Ferrucio; C. J. Abreu; L. Borghi; R. T. Lopes

2011-01-01

74

Single Particle Scanning Electron Microscopy Analysis of Wet-Season Aerosol Collected in the Amazonian Tropical Rain Forest (Manaus, Brasil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Single particle analysis of aerosols particles larger than 0.2 ?m diameter was performed on samples collected in the tropical rain forest (Manaus, Brasil) during the AMAZE campaign in February and March 2008. The elemental composition and morphology of the particles were determined using SEM-EDX. The aerosol particles were divided into 10 groups according to their chemical composition and morphology: droplets of organic aerosol (OA), primary biogenic particles with and without OA coatings, other carbonaceous aerosol with and without OA coatings, mineral dust with and without OA coating and sea salt with and without OA coatings were identified as the most abundant aerosol groups. We present size distributions for all particle groups and the abundance of these groups in different size ranges. Due to careful investigation of the samples at a low acceleration voltage for the first time OA droplets and coatings were identified as a significant contribution to wet season aerosol mass collected in the Amazonian tropical rain forest, during single particle SEM analysis. During days with low aerosol loadings, OA droplets typically accounted for >50% of the accumulation mode aerosol, OA droplets with sea salt core (20- 40%), other carbonaceous aerosol (5-10%), mineral dust (5-10%), and primary biogenic particles with and without OA coatings accounted for most of the remainder. Coarse mode particles were dominated by primary biogenic particles with (>50%) and without (~10-20%) OA coatings. Mineral dust (~10- 20%), sea salt (~10%), dust with OA coatings (~10%) and OA droplets (~5%) accounted for most of the remainder. During days with higher particle numbers the relative abundance of other carbonaceous aerosol with (~20%) and without (~10%) OA coatings increased. The high frequency of OA coatings on different particles types has implications for the radiative properties as well as the hygroscopic behavior of wet season aerosol particles. For the first time we investigate the frequency of such coatings on different particle types and for different size ranges.

Sinha, B. W.; Huth, J.; Hoppe, P.; Borrmann, S.

2008-12-01

75

Geochemical Studies of the Sediments of Barreiras Group, Itaborai Region-RJ, Brazil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is proposed to study the lead, copper, chromium, manganese, vanadium and zinc geochemical bahavior of the clays obtained from outcrop samples of Barreiras group and weathered Pre-Cambriam situated at Itaborai region, in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. Fi...

M. C. G. P. Neves

1983-01-01

76

Trabalho rural e saúde: intoxicações por agrotóxicos no município de Teresópolis - RJ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Este estudo procura avaliar as características do trabalho rural no município de Teresópolis, procurando encontrar associações entre variáveis que indicam o uso indevido de agrotóxicos e a intoxicação por esse tipo de produto entre aplicadores de agrotóxicos. Adicionalmente, pretende-se criar subsídios à discussão das práticas de regulação ao uso desses produtos. Os dados foram obtidos de uma pesquisa realizada

Wagner Lopes Soares; Elpídio Antônio Venturine de Freitas; José Aldo Gonçalves Coutinho

2005-01-01

77

Eutrophication and hypoxia in four streams discharging in Guanabara Bay, RJ, Brazil, a case study.  

PubMed

Four streams in the city of São Gonçalo, were sampled to evaluate their potential as sources of nutrients to Guanabara Bay aiming to contribute with the government program to decrease the levels of pollution in this area. Imbuaçu, Guaxindiba, Marimbondo and Brandoas streams were sampled in 2007, 2008 and 2009. The streams revealed to be hipereutrophic with severe limitation of primary production by nitrogen, as shown by the N/P molar ratio. Phosphate levels were abnormally high varying between 4.35 and 130.82 ?M, whereas nitrate and nitrite ranged from 0.06 to 54.05 ?M and from 0.28 to 19.23 ?M, respectively. The streams also presented severe hypoxia and anoxia, with oxygen values varying from non-detected to 3.72 ml l(-1). Heavy loads of particulate suspended material were recorded in the studied streams, ranging between 6.00 and 400.00 mg l(-1). The streams were considered inexorable sources of nutrients, enhancing the severe eutrophication process in Guanabara Bay. PMID:21708390

de Carvalho Aguiar, Valquiria Maria; Neto, José Antônio Baptista; Rangel, Carlos Marclei

2011-06-25

78

Modeling Suspended Solids Concentrations Based on TM/LANDSAT-5 Images at Guanabara Bay, Rj, Brazil.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

A distribution of Total Suspended Solids (TSS) for Guanabara Bay is presented. The distribution was obtained through the expansion of a stepwise regression model that resulted from in situ and TM/LANDSAT-5 data. Water samples from 12 sites in the Bay were...

C. Z. F. Braga A. W. Setzer

1991-01-01

79

Hydrogeochemistry Of A Modern Dolomite-Forming Lagoon System, Cabo Frio-RJ, Brazil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two hypersaline, dolomite-forming lagoons near Cabo Frio, Brazil, and associated ground- and surface waters were sampled in a comparative sediment and fluid geochemical (solutes, stable isotopes) investigation. Although microbial mediation via sulfate reducers has been invoked to explain dolomite formation in these lagoons, we showed that dolomites are associated with sulfide oxidation (Moreira et al., 2004). Sulfide oxidation is thought to promote dolomite formation by causing undersaturation for competing carbonate phases such as Mg-calcite. Herein, we consider the larger hydrogeologic and temporal setting to further elucidate hydrogeochemical and geochemical constraints on rates and mechanisms of dolomite formation in the two lagoons. The lagoons, Brejo do Espinho (BE) and Lagoa Vermelha (LV), are shallow marginal marine systems flanked by quartz sand dunes separating them from Atlantic open seawater to the south and from Araruama lagoon, a large, hypersaline water body, to the north. In both lagoons, about 1 m of high Mg-calcite and dolomite mud has accumulated over the last 5,000 years on an underlying aquifer composed of highly permeable, quartz-rich coquinas. BE has a proximal relation to recharge from Araruama lagoon, while LV is more closely associated with meteoric recharge from lacustrine and riverine systems. BE is shallower, at 0.5 m water depth, than LV (2 m), permitting BE waters to remain oxic. Oxygen isotope values and chloride mass balances of pore waters and of fluids sampled from shallow ground water wells identify the different water and solute sources the lagoons. BE overlying brines and pore waters appear to be produced by evapoconcentration of Araruama source brines and meteoric precipitation. In contrast, LV derives from evapoconcentrated seawater mixed with regional lake and ground water sources. We envision a scenario in which dense, Mg-SO4-rich brines from Araruama migrate along a permeable flowpath in limited contact with the atmosphere. These fluids undergo progressive sulfate reduction, then are drawn up by capillary forces to the shallow BE lagoonal system, where sulfide is oxidized. Thus, the locus of dolomite formation at BE appears to occupy the interface between discharging sulfide-rich fluids and the thin layer of oxygen-rich overlying brine. In contrast, sulfide oxidation is not an important process in the LV lagoonal-sediment system. XRD profiles and sediment chemistry indicate that BE sediments indeed contain a significantly higher percentage dolomite than those of LV. Sr systematics support this conclusion and place the lagoonal dolomites in the context of carbonates throughout the rock record. The Sr contents of BE carbonates decrease markedly in the most dolomite-rich intervals, approaching a value of 800 ppm, the high end of expected values for dolomite (Land, 1980). LV carbonates fluctuate in Sr value from 2000-3000 ppm, values more typical of high Mg-calcite. Some precipitation of dolomite has occurred in both lagoons, however, reflected by increasing pore water Sr with depth as Mg-calcite is replaced by dolomite. Recent work documenting changes in the elemental compositions of the oceans, including Ca, Mg, CO3, and SO4, raises the potential for significant variation in marine saturation states for carbonate minerals and in carbon-sulfur cycling through time. Our model may provide clues to the relationship between marine elemental composition and varying rates of dolomitization over the geologic record.

Moreira, N. F.; Walter, L. M.

2004-12-01

80

Results of the radiological survey at 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJ005)  

SciTech Connect

Maywood Chemical Works (MCW) of Maywood, New Jersey, generated process wastes and residues associated with the production and refining of thorium and thorium compounds from monazite ores from 1916 to 1956.MCW supplied rare earth metals and thorium compounds to the Atomic Energy Commission and various other government agencies from the late 1940s to the mid-1950s. Area residents used the sandlike waste from thisthorium extraction process mixed with tea and cocoa leaves as mulch in their yards. Some of these contaminated wastes were also eroded from the site into Lodi Brook. At the request of the US Department of Energy(DOE), a group from Oak Ridge National Laboratory conducts investigative radiological surveys of properties in the vicinity of MCW to determine whether a property is contaminated with radioactive residues, principally {sup 232}Tb, derived from the MCW site. The survey typically includes direct measurement of gamma radiation levels and soil sampling for radionuclide analyses. The survey of this site, 48 Schlosser Drive, Rochelle Park, New Jersey (RJO05), was conducted on July 14, 1991. Results of the survey demonstrated no radionuclide concentrations in excess of the DOE Formerly Utilized Sites Remedial Action Program criteria. The radionuclide distributions were not significantly different from normal background levels in the northern New Jersey area.

Foley, R.D.; Brown, K.S.

1992-10-01

81

Classification and abundance of extremely red galaxies with R-J>=5  

Microsoft Academic Search

This thesis investigates the abundance and properties of extremely red galaxies (EROs). Although the existence of such conspicuous galaxies has been known for some time, there are numerous open questions regarding their nature, formation, and evolution. One reason is the number of different colour criteria applied to select EROs. Hence, different galaxy populations are called \\

Angela Hempel

2004-01-01

82

AVALIAÇÃO DA PREDAÇÃO DE OVOS EM NINHOS ARTIFICIAIS POR Callithrix spp. EM PARATY-RJ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several studies have been demonstrating as the habi tat fragmentation and the border effect has been affecting communities of birds, and the predation is viewed as the main cause of the failure of birds nesting in open nests. Due to the difficulty in studies with natural nests, it is us ed artificial nests to quickly evaluate predation impa ct on

JULIANA DO CARMO PADILHA

83

Geology, petrology and geochemistry of the "Americano do Brasil" layered intrusion, central Brazil, and its Ni-Cu sulfide deposits  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The "Americano do Brasil" Complex (ABC) is part of a cluster of coeval synorogenic mafic-ultramafic intrusions emplaced during the Brasiliano/Pan-African Orogenic Cycle in Brazil. The medium-sized ABC consists of interlayered dunite, peridotite, websterite, and gabbronorite. High Fo values of olivine (up to Fo88) and the crystallization sequence of the ABC (Ol + Chr ? Ol + Opx + Chr ? Cpx + Opx ? Opx + Pl + Cpx ? Opx + Pl + Cpx + Ilm + Mag) suggest crystallization from tholeiitic high-MgO parental magmas. Light rare earth element (REE)-enriched mantle-normalized REE profiles and ?Nd(T) values of +2.4 for cumulate rocks from the ABC suggest a depleted mantle source for the parental magma. The ABC Ni-Cu sulfide deposit (3.1 Mt at 1.12 wt.% Ni and 1.02 wt.% Cu) consists of three distinctively different orebodies (S1, S2, and G2). The S2 orebody, an unusual occurrence of stratiform massive sulfide hosted by dunite and peridotite in the interior of a layered intrusion, results from sulfides accumulated at the transient base of the magma chamber following a new influx of parental magma. The G2 orebody has an irregular and roughly cylindrical shape, consisting mainly of net-textured sulfides. The G2 orebody is hosted by peridotite and pyroxenite and located stratigraphically below the S1 orebody. S2 and G2 orebodies are characterized by low Cu/Cu + Ni ratios (mainly below 0.4). The S1 orebody, hosted by websterite and gabbronorite in the more fractionated sequence of the ABC, is a cluster of several irregular discontinuous orebodies of Ni-Cu disseminated sulfides. The sulfides of the S1 orebody have high Cu/Cu + Ni ratios (mainly between 0.5 and 0.8) and are highly depleted in PGE. The S1 orebody is interpreted to result from a later event of sulfide segregation in the magma chamber, possibly following the event that originated the G2 orebody. The bulk of ?34S values for sulfides of the ABC orebodies and their host rocks fall in the range of 0 ± 2‰. Higher ?34S values (between 3‰ and 5‰) are restricted to pyrite from xenoliths of gneiss located close to the S1 orebody and sulfides from the S1 orebody. Crustal xenoliths and chemical data (lithogeochemistry and sulfur isotope composition) provide evidence of crustal contamination of the igneous rocks hosting the S1 orebody, suggesting that sulfur saturation was induced by contamination with sulfide-bearing crustal rocks. The ABC deposit is an example of Ni-Cu sulfide mineralization hosted by synorogenic mafic-ultramafic intrusions. The S2 orebody is the first documented example of an economic stratiform massive sulfide orebody located within layered intrusions, expanding the opportunities for exploration of Ni-Cu sulfides in orogenic regions worldwide.

E Silva, Jonas Mota; Ferreira Filho, Cesar Fonseca; Bühn, Bernhard; Dantas, Elton Luiz

2011-01-01

84

Solar distillation in Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Solar stills are found to be a more economical means of providing fresh water than flash distillation, reverse osmosis or vapor compression when daily requirements amount to less than 100 cu m. The basin-type solar still design examined in this paper involves simple construction and inexpensive materials. More efficient than the simple solar still is the multiple-effect still, which relies

P. J. Catania; P. C. Lobo

1979-01-01

85

Avaliação de Empresas de Pequeno Porte no Brasil através da Metodologia Construtivista de Apoio à Decisão MCDA-C  

Microsoft Academic Search

Esta pesquisa apresenta um método que, sob a ótica construtivista, permite construir modelos para avaliar empresas de pequeno porte no Brasil, com base nas percepções e juízos de valor do investidor. Para tanto, este trabalho se propôs a utilizar uma metodologia multicritério de apoio a decisão construtivista (MCDA-Construtivista), que permitiu operacionalizar o método aqui proposto, a fim de melhor refletir

Marcus Vinicius Andrade Lima; Leonardo Ensslin; Ana Lucia de Miranda Lopes; Ademar Dutra

2008-01-01

86

Avaliação integrada do impacto do uso de agrotóxicos sobre a saúde humana em uma comunidade agrícola de Nova Friburgo, RJ Integrated evaluation of the health impact of pesticide use in a community at Nova Friburgo, RJ  

Microsoft Academic Search

Environmental and human diffi- culties caused by pesticides used in agriculture are important health issues worldwide, spe- cially in the developing countries. Pesticide con- sumption in Southeast Brazil is estimated in 12kg\\/worker\\/year. In the São Lourenço Valley, Rio de Janeiro State, pesticide consumption is estimated at some 56kg\\/worker\\/year. High lev- els of human and environmental contamina- tion caused by these

Josino C. Moreira; C. Jacob; Frederico Peres; S. Lima; Armando Meyer; J. Oliveira-Silva; Paula N. Sarcinelli; Darcilio F. Batista; Mariana Egler; V. Castro Faria; Alberto José de Araújo; H. Kubota; O. Soares; R. Alves; Cláudia M. Moura; R osane Curi

87

Presentation of the Multimédia Game "Geolover" Concept, to Educational Enchancement of the Geolocical Heritage of the Following Regions: "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal (Portugal) and Açores (Portugal)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

"Geolover" - Presentation of the multimédia game concept, to educational enchancement of the geolocical heritage of the following regions: : "Ilha do Fogo" (Cabo-Verde), Seridó (Brasil), Sabugal and Açores (Portugal). "Geolover" is a multitouch game, played by four players simultaneously, identified by 4 mascots and using as sceneries, the four regions landscapes, aimed to the young people with ages between 8 and 12 years old. The main objective is value the geological heritage of the Ilha do Fogo (Cabo Verde), Seridó in State of Rio Grande do Norte (Brasil) , Sabugal in Beira Alta province (Portugal) and Arquipélago dos Açores (Portuguese autonomous region). These regions have a great geological heritage like volcanology, plutonic rocks, sedimentar formations, metamorphic, paleontologic, mineralogic, geomorphologic, hydric and mining resources. Such heritage is being used in the different regions has base of studies to senior scientists and were used to great scientific researches. The diversified and distinguished cultural heritage of these four regions is referenced and it's a value to the union of the students from these three continents, with the Portuguese language as communication tool. The variety of the geological wealth and cultural of these regions, results in the common objective of their valuing like Geoparks. His creation on these three regions is a strategy with a great relevance to the socio-economic development. With the creation of this game, we promote the union of these 3 countries from these three continents, the universal values of the heritage richness that are offered by our planet.

Cabral, João; Gomes, Ana; Alfama, Vera; Oliveira, Sirlene; Pinharandas, Carlos; Fonseca, Pedro; Campos, José; Nobre, José

2013-04-01

88

76 FR 36398 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. Investigation...corrosion, and exposed material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...

2011-06-22

89

76 FR 59011 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin...failure of the Main Landing Gear (MLG) shock absorber lower attachment pin. Investigation...corrosion, and exposed material)] of the MLG shock absorber lower attachment pins and...

2011-09-23

90

Geochemical Characterization of Rare Earth Elements from Fluorite Deposits of Tangua District - RJ (Rio deJaneiro).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The Tangua fluorite vein-type deposits are related to an alkaline complex of the same name, and situated in the District of Itaborai, in the State of Rio de Janeiro. The plutonic body of nepheline syenites (Tangua Massif) intrudes basement gneisses, with ...

C. E. S. Coelho M. A. Dardenne

1987-01-01

91

76 FR 31459 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...146-32-150 (polishing and shot peening of the NLG main fitting) or confirmation...pre-modification main fitting. Shot peening was not present, as this was a...of improved surface finish and shot peening are effective, as a crack...

2011-06-01

92

76 FR 6575 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...146-32-150 (polishing and shot peening of the NLG main fitting) or confirmation...pre-modification main fitting. Shot peening was not present, as this was a...of improved surface finish and shot peening are effective, as a crack...

2011-02-07

93

Diet and feeding daily rhythm of Pimelodella lateristriga (Osteichthyes, Siluriformes) in a coastal stream from Serra do Mar - RJ.  

PubMed

The present study was carried out in Mato Grosso fluvial system, a costal drainage from Serra do Mar. We analysed the diet and the feeding daily rhythm of Pimelodella lateristriga from samples carried out during 24 hours over a 4 hour fishing interval, in June, July and September, 2006 as well as in January and February, 2007. Diet was described from the Feeding Index (IAi) and feeding daily rhythm was verified through the Gut Fullness Index (GFI). Pimelodella lateristriga diet was composed of 37 items, being aquatic insects the most important ones. IAi analysis revealed that Diptera, Trichoptera and Ephemeroptera amounted to 90% of the diet. Autochthonous invertebrates were the most important consumed items. Pimelodella lateristriga concentrated its feeding activities in the nocturnal period (10:00 PM to 2:00 AM) with marked significant differences (F = 16.11; gl = 5; p < 0.05) between each diurnal and nocturnal periods. Between 6:00 AM and 6:00 PM, foraging activity was gradually reduced. We concluded that P. lateristriga has an insectivorous diet and a nocturnal feeding habit with greater activity between 10:00 PM to 2:00 AM. PMID:21180924

Mazzoni, R; Moraes, M; Rezende, C F; Iglesias-Rios, R

2010-11-01

94

Retail promotions and perceptions of R.J. Reynolds' novel dissolvable tobacco in a US test market  

PubMed Central

Background With declining cigarette sales, tobacco manufacturers have been developing and marketing new smokeless products, such as R. J. Reynolds' dissolvable tobacco, Camel Sticks, Strips and Orbs. This study assessed the availability, price and point-of-purchase promotional strategies for Camel Dissolvables, and investigated consumer awareness, interest and perception of these products in the Indiana test market. Methods An exploratory retail audit of point-of-purchase promotions was conducted in a random sample of retailers from 6 store categories (n = 81) in the test market area. Data included: store type, location, product placement, forms/flavors carried, price, types and locations of advertisements and promotions, and ad messages. An Awareness-Attitude-Usage (AAU) survey was used to gauge consumer awareness and knowledge of tobacco products including Camel Dissolvables. Respondents were shown promotional materials from a package onsert and perceptions and interest in the Camel Dissolvables were assessed. An Intended Target Survey (ITS) compared subjects' perceptions of ad targets for several non-tobacco products, as well as Camel Snus, Camel No. 9 and Camel Dissolvables. Respondents were asked to identify each ad's intended target category, perceived targetedness, and purchase intent. Results The products were carried by 46% of stores, most frequently gas stations (100%) and convenience stores (75%). They were shelved near smokeless tobacco (70%), cigarettes (25%) or candy (5%). Prices ranged from $3.59 -$4.19 per package; most stores carried at least 1 promotional item. Ad messages included: "Dissolvable Tobacco" (60%). "Free Trial" (24%), "Special Price" (24%), "What's Your Style?" (22%). At 14% of stores, free trial packs of Camel Dissolvables were offered with another Camel purchase. Awareness was reported by 42% of respondents (n = 243), and trial by 3%. Consumer interest was very low, but younger respondents (< 40 years) were more familiar with Camel Dissolvables (60% vs. 45% for those > 40 years, p < .01). Males, as well as current and former smokers had higher rates of interest and trial; only 1% of never smokers reported trial. In the ITS, only for the 3 tobacco product ads, was perceived targetedness for smokers significantly higher than for non-smokers. Smokers and nonsmokers perceived that the ads targeted smokers. Conclusions Current retail promotional strategies for Camel Sticks, Strips & Orbs appear to be targeting a select audience, primarily current smokers. Overall, consumer awareness, interest and trial were low.

2011-01-01

95

Degree of threat to the biological diversity in the Ilha Grande State Park (RJ) and guidelines for conservation.  

PubMed

The State Park of Ilha Grande is only a part (5,594 hectares) of the entire island (19,300 hectares) which is located off the south coast of Rio de Janeiro state, between the cities of Mangaratiba and Angra dos Reis. Approximately half of the Park area (47%) is covered by dense Atlantic forest. The secondary forest growth is in a process of ecological succession close to attaining maturity (43%) and the remaining part (10%) is composed of human-altered areas (1%), rocky outcrops with herbaceous vegetation (7%), mangroves and beaches (2%). The fauna is well represented but already shows signs of degradation with introduced species. The analysis of the degree of threat has shown that the dense forest habitat has a relatively stable status of conservation while the secondary forest, the mangrove and the herbaceous vegetation on rocky outcrops (and their fauna) are categorized as vulnerable. The area altered by human occupation is considered threatened. Since the coastal area where Ilha Grande is located is well known for its beautiful scenery (known as the green coast, because of the contrast between the ocean and the Atlantic forest covering the Serra do Mar mountain chain). There is a strong possibility for tourism to become the means in which to achieve economic sustainability for conservation. Contradictorily, tourism is also the major threat to local biodiversity and its landscape units. Because tourism is not organized and controlled, during high season the numbers grow above local capacity, giving rise to a proliferation of hotels, guesthouses and camping grounds. The resulting untreated open sewage, random garbage disposal and other harmful activities form the major threats to biodiversity. PMID:12530174

Alho, C J R; Schneider, M; Vasconcellos, L A

2002-11-05

96

Retail promotions and perceptions of R.J. Reynolds' novel dissolvable tobacco in a US test market  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  With declining cigarette sales, tobacco manufacturers have been developing and marketing new smokeless products, such as R.\\u000a J. Reynolds' dissolvable tobacco, Camel Sticks, Strips and Orbs. This study assessed the availability, price and point-of-purchase\\u000a promotional strategies for Camel Dissolvables, and investigated consumer awareness, interest and perception of these products\\u000a in the Indiana test market.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  An exploratory retail audit of point-of-purchase

Laura M Romito; M Kim Saxton; Lorinda L Coan; Arden G Christen

2011-01-01

97

75 FR 63045 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LIMITED, Customer Information Department, Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, KA9 2RW, Scotland, United Kingdom; telephone +44 1292 675207; fax +44 1292 675704; e-mail RApublications@baesystems.com;...

2010-10-14

98

75 FR 53855 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...BAE Systems (Operations) Limited, Customer Information Department, Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, KA9 2RW, Scotland, United Kingdom; telephone +44 1292 675207; fax +44 1292 675704; e-mail RApublications@baesystems.com;...

2010-09-02

99

75 FR 49377 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Limited, Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, KA9 2RW, Scotland; fax +44 (0) 1292 675432; e-mail raengliason@baesystems...Department, Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, KA9 2RW, Scotland, United Kingdom; telephone +44 1292 675207; fax +44...

2010-08-13

100

75 FR 27419 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ70A, 146...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Customer Support (Building 37), BAE Systems (Operations) Limited, Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, KA9 2RW, Scotland; fax +44 (0) 1292 675432; e-mail raengliaison@baesystems.com, at the applicable time specified in...

2010-05-17

101

75 FR 12158 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited Model Avro 146-RJ and BAe 146 Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Customer Support (Building 37), BAE SYSTEMS (Operations) Limited, Prestwick International Airport, Ayrshire, KA9 2RW, Scotland, Fax +44 (0) 1292 675432, e-mail raengliason@baesystems.com, at the applicable time in paragraph...

2010-03-15

102

75 FR 27959 - Airworthiness Directives; BAE Systems (Operations) Limited Model BAe 146 and Avro 146-RJ Airplanes  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...We propose to adopt a new airworthiness directive...interconnect circuit in the cabin roof area. Interference...by adding the following new AD: BAE Systems (Operations...interconnect circuit in the cabin roof area. Interference...date of this AD, install new aileron interconnect...

2010-05-19

103

Ação antrópica e resultantes sobre a estrutura e composição da Mata Atlântica na Ilha Grande, RJ 1  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Atlantic Rain Forest at Ilha Grande is constituted by a mosaic of different aged forests. I examined a successional gradient of 5-yr, 25-yr and 50-yr-old slope forests, growing in areas once used for subsistence agriculture by the caiçara people in what is today the Praia do Sul State Biological Reserve on Ilha Grande, Rio de Janeiro state. These areas

Rogério Ribeiro de Oliveira

104

The zooplankton and other limnological features of a humic coastal lagoon (Lagoa Comprida, Macé, R.J.) in Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comprida lagoon is a shallow lagoon separated from the sea by a sand barrier. It has a brown-coloured freshwater with a high concentration of humic compounds. Its zooplankton community and limnological features were studied from March 1992 to December 1995. The lagoon was characterized by low transparency, acid water and relative constant physical–chemical features, except during sporadic marine entrances. The

Christina W. C. Branco; Francisco de Assis Esteves; Betina Kozlowsky-Suzuki

2000-01-01

105

A historical review of R.J. Reynolds' strategies for marketing tobacco to Hispanics in the United States.  

PubMed

Hispanics are the fastest growing racial/ethnic group in the United States, and smoking is the leading preventable cause of morbidity and mortality among this population. We analyzed tobacco industry documents on R. J. Reynolds' marketing strategies toward the Hispanic population using tobacco industry document archives from the Legacy Tobacco Documents Library (http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu) between February-July 2011 and April-August 2012. Our analysis revealed that by 1980 the company had developed a sophisticated surveillance system to track the market behavior of Hispanic smokers and understand their psychographics, cultural values, and attitudes. This information was translated into targeted marketing campaigns for the Winston and Camel brands. Marketing targeted toward Hispanics appealed to values and sponsored activities that could be perceived as legitimating. Greater understanding of tobacco industry marketing strategies has substantial relevance for addressing tobacco-related health disparities. PMID:23488493

Iglesias-Rios, Lisbeth; Parascandola, Mark

2013-03-14

106

VariaÁªo da densidade bÆsica da madeira, volume e matØria seca do tronco de Pinus tecunumanii, procedŒncia de Mount Pine Ridge, Belize, em Planaltina, Distrito Federal, Brasil Variation in wood density, stem volume and dry matter of the Mountain Pine Ridge, Belize, provenance of Pinus tecunumanii grown at Planaltina, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: O volume, a densidade bÆsica e o peso da matØria seca da madeira de 168 Ærvores, de sete famÌlias de polinizaÁªo aberta, procedŒncia de Mountain Pine Ridge (MPR), Belize, de Pinus tecunumanii (Schwd) Equiluz & Perry foram estimados aos 12 anos de idade, em experimento instalado em Planaltina, Distrito Federal, Brasil. A produtividade mØdia da procedŒncia de MPR foi

Vicente P. G. Moura; William S. Dvorak

107

AN?LISE DA INSER??O DOS TEMAS DE HUMANIDADES E ?TICA, COM METODOLOGIA DE APRENDIZAGEM BASEADA EM PROBLEMAS, EM CURRICULO M?DICO INTEGRADO EM ESCOLA P?BLICA NO DISTRITO FEDERAL, BRASIL  

PubMed Central

Objetivo Realizar uma análise da inserção da ética e humanidades no currículo do Curso de Medicina da Escola Superior em Ciências da Saúde - ESCS, escola pública do Distrito Federal, Brasil, de forma a contribuir com o processo de gestão curricular. Metodologia O Estudo é de coorte e documental. Foram pesquisados 37 termos relacionados à ética e 36 referentes à humanização nos objetivos educacionais e conteúdo dos módulos temáticos, habilidades e atitudes e interação ensino-serviço-comunidade, de 1a a 4a série e no programa do internato no currículo (ano 2006) e no projeto pedagógico do Curso de Medicina (2001). Resultados Maior inserção da humanização, ética e bioética na 1a e 2a série, quando comparado à inserção na 3a e 4a série e no internato, (IC95%-?=0,034, pvalue=0,007). Unidade de habilidades e atitudes: freqüência das 3 temáticas no currículo da 1a a 4a séries (IC95%-?=0,026, pvalue=0,013). Quando comparada a inserção entre o internato e as quatro primeiras séries, observa-se que nestas a inserção da temática humanização é superior (IC95%-?=0,042, pvalue=0,029). Conclusão O currículo desenvolvido no ano de 2006 na ESCS apresentou correlação com o projeto pedagógico do curso e contemplou a temática de forma abrangente, em todas as séries e internato.

Novaes, Maria Rita Carvalho Garbi; Novaes, Luiz Carlos Garcez; Guilhem, Dirce; Lolas, Fernando; Silveira, Carla; Guiotti, Murilo

2009-01-01

108

[The impact of professional activities on the physical and mental health of the civil and military police of Rio de Janeiro (RJ, Brazil)].  

PubMed

In this article, we analyze the physical and mental stress and illness of military and civil police force officers in the State of Rio de Janeiro (Brazil) due to their working conditions and professional activities. The same methodology was used for the study of two categories, namely a quantitative approach (simple random sampling by conglomerates, involving a total of 1,458 civil police officers and 1,108 military police officers, who answered questionnaires anonymously) and a qualitative approach (focal groups involving 143 professionals and 18 interviews with managers of both police forces). The data presented here are all original. Disorders identified were: overweight and obesity in both forces but mainly in the Military Police; low frequency of physical exercise and high levels of cholesterol, especially in the Civil Police. The main health complaints are neck, back or spinal cord pain, eyesight complaints and headaches/ migraines. Sixteen point two per cent of officers of both forces reported physical lesions that were more prevalent in the Military Police, among whom psychic suffering was also more frequent (SRQ20). The need for changes in the individual and professional dimensions and in institutional aspects regarding the conditions and organization of work and of health services is emphasized. PMID:21584461

Minayo, Maria Cecília de Souza; de Assis, Simone Gonçalves; de Oliveira, Raquel Vasconcellos Carvalhaes

2011-04-01

109

77 FR 1667 - Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909, Rio De Janeiro, R.J., Brazil 20531-070, Respondent...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...COMMERCE Bureau of Industry and Security Nelson S. Galgoul, Av. Edison Passess 909...20531-070, Respondent; Order Relating to Nelson S. Galgoul The Bureau of Industry and...Commerce (``BIS''), has notified Nelson S. Galgoul (``Galgoul'') of...

2012-01-11

110

Acute toxicity bioassay with the amphipod, Grandidierella bonnieroides S. after exposure to sediments from an urban estuary (Macaé River Estuary, RJ, Brazil).  

PubMed

Acute toxicity to Grandidierella bonnieroides and physicochemical analysis were used for quality assessment of the sediment of the Macaé River urban estuary, located in the Brazilian coast where rapid socioeconomic growth has been induced by offshore oil and gas exploration at the Campos Basin. Sediment samples were collected during four events in four sampling sites of the estuary and also in a control site. Organism mortality after exposure to the estuarine sediments was, on average, 30 % a value higher than in the control site where it was 10 %. This result together with the physicochemical analysis suggests an initial toxicity condition of the sediments from this aquatic coastal environment. PMID:23124519

Molisani, Mauricio Mussi; Costa, Rafael Nogueira; Cunha, Priscila; de Rezende, Carlos Eduardo; Ferreira, Maria Inês Paes; de Assis Esteves, Francisco

2012-11-03

111

Kinship and Leprosy in the Contacts of Leprosy Patients: Cohort at the Souza Ara?jo Outpatient Clinic, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, 1987-2010  

PubMed Central

A broad variety of factors have been associated with leprosy among contacts, including socioeconomic, epidemiological, and genetic characteristics. Data from 7,174 contacts of leprosy patients from a leprosy outpatient clinic in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1987–2010, were analyzed to investigate the effects of kinship, individual, and contextual factors on leprosy. Multivariate analyses were performed using a robust estimation method. In the prevalence analysis, close kinship (sibling OR = 2.75, offspring OR = 2.00, and other relatives OR = 1.70), socioeconomic factors, and the duration of exposure to the bacillus were associated to leprosy. In the incidence analysis, significant risks were found for all categories of kinship (parents RR = 10.93, spouse, boyfriend/girlfriend, and bride/groom RR = 7.53, sibling RR = 7.03, offspring RR = 5.34, and other relatives RR = 3.71). Once the treatment of the index case was initiated, other factors lost their significance, and the index case bacteriological index and BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin vaccine) protection had a greater impact. Our findings suggested that both genetic susceptibility and physical exposure play an important role in the epidemiology of leprosy, but it was not possible establishing the role of genetic factor. Analyses of other factors related to the genotype of individuals, such as genetic polymorphisms, are needed.

dos Santos, Daiane Santos; Duppre, Nadia Cristina; Nery, Jose Augusto da Costa; Sarno, Euzenir Nunes; Hacker, Mariana Andrea

2013-01-01

112

Brazil = Brasil. America = Las Americas [Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades, this bilingual English/Spanish social studies resource booklet provides an encyclopedia-style overview of Brazil's history, geography, economy, and culture. Topics include Brazil's form of government; geographic regions; holidays; climate; people; music; carnaval celebration;…

Toro, Leonor; And Others

113

Brazil = Brasil. America = Las Americas [Series].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Written for teachers to use with migrant children in elementary grades, this bilingual English/Spanish social studies resource booklet provides an encyclopedia-style overview of Brazil's history, geography, economy, and culture. Topics include Brazil's form of government; geographic regions; holidays; climate; people; music; carnaval celebration;…

Toro, Leonor; And Others

114

TAXONOMIA ZOOLÓGICA NO BRASIL: ESTADO DA ARTE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Brazil is a megadiverse developing country and the knowledge on the current situation of Brazilian taxonomy is a necessary step to establish future policies to deal with biodiversity. Certainly, the most important issue for the understanding of biodiversity is the installing capacity of taxonomists. In fact, little is known concerning the number of taxonomists, scientific production, and the problems faced

ANTONIO CARLOS MARQUES; CARLOS JOSÉ

115

Ethnobotany of Atlantic Forest coastal communities: Diversity of plant uses in Gamboa (Itacuruçá island, Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local plants are a very important resource for the community of Gamboa, located at Itacuruçá Island, Sepetiba Bay, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Ninety species of plants, belonging to 40 families, are used for a variety of purposes, such as food, construction, handicraft, and medicine. In a survey medicinal uses for plants were the most quoted by the community.

Gisela M. Figueiredo; Hermógenes F. Leitão-Filho; Alpina Begossi

1993-01-01

116

Microscopic analysis of pyrite in the sediments of two Brazilian mangrove ecosystems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study has used scanning electron microscopy coupled with X-ray micro-analysis to compare the morphology of diagenetic pyrite formed in the sediments of two contrasting Brazilian mangroves. The Sepetiba Bay site is influenced by marine conditions, and pore waters show lower dissolved iron and higher dissolved total sulfide concentrations. The Paraíba do Sul River site, on the other hand, is

Glauca Aragon; Flavio Miguens

2001-01-01

117

Royal jelly prevents the progression of sarcopenia in aged mice in vivo and in vitro.  

PubMed

Sarcopenia is characterized by the age-related loss of muscle mass and strength. One of the mechanisms of sarcopenia is the loss in the function and number of muscle satellite cells. Royal jelly (RJ) is a health food used worldwide. To obtain better digestion and absorption than RJ, protease-treated RJ (pRJ) has been developed. RJ and pRJ have been suggested to have potential pharmacological benefits such as prolonging the life span and reducing fatigue. Because these effects may improve sarcopenia and the functions of satellite cells, we examined the effects of RJ or pRJ treatment on the skeletal muscles in an animal model using aged mice. In vivo, RJ/pRJ treatment attenuated the decrease in the muscle weight and grip strength and increased the regenerating capacity of injured muscles and the serum insulin-like growth factor-1 levels compared with controls. In vitro, using isolated satellite cells from aged mice, pRJ treatment increased the cell proliferation rate, promoted cell differentiation, and activated Akt intracellular signaling pathway compared with controls. These findings suggest that RJ/pRJ treatment had a beneficial effect on age-related sarcopenia. PMID:23657970

Niu, Kaijun; Guo, Hui; Guo, Yinting; Ebihara, Satoru; Asada, Masanori; Ohrui, Takashi; Furukawa, Katsutoshi; Ichinose, Masakazu; Yanai, Kazuhiko; Kudo, Yukitsuka; Arai, Hiroyuki; Okazaki, Tatsuma; Nagatomi, Ryoichi

2013-05-08

118

February 14, 2012 CURRICULUM VITAE Robert John Smith ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 56. Helton S, Jacobs DO, Bonner-Weir S, Bueno R, Smith RJ, Wilmore DW. ... 64. Abbott AM, Bueno R, Pedrini MT, Murray JM, Smith RJ. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

119

Gastrointestinal enzyme production of bioactive peptides from royal jelly protein and their antihypertensive ability in SHR  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to clarify the potential physiological function of royal jelly (RJ), we report here the gastrointestinal enzyme production of antihypertensive peptides from RJ. Intact RJ and its protein fraction did not retard the action of angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) activity at all. However, development of ACE inhibition power of RJ was newly observed by pepsin hydrolysis (IC50=0.358 mg protein\\/mL),

Toshiro Matsui; Akiko Yukiyoshi; Shima Doi; Hiroyuki Sugimoto; Hideo Yamada; Kiyoshi Matsumoto

2002-01-01

120

Restorative justice and the impact of the Hague Convention on US transnational adoption  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept of restorative justice (RJ) has been extended beyond a focus on crime to such areas as education, the workplace, and the family. Recent efforts of the US to implement the Hague Convention on Intercountry Adoption provide an opportunity to examine RJ values as components of transnational adoption policy. If we accept Braithwaite’s suggestion to think of RJ in

Pamela Anne Quiroz

2011-01-01

121

Melting Point and Viscosity Behavior of High Energy Density Missile Fuels.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Three isomers of perhydrodi-(norbornadiene) (PHDNBD or RJ-5), the main component of the RJ-r and RJ-6 missile fuels, have been purified by recrystallizing the synthetic isomeric blends from acetone at dry ice temperature. The isomers have been designated ...

C. T. Moynihan M. Shahriari R. Mossadegh M. Adel-Hadadi E. N. Boulos

1982-01-01

122

Removal of Zinc from Tidal Water by Sediments of a Mangrove Ecosystem: A Radiotracer Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The removal of 65Zn from tidal water by underlaying sediment cores collected in a mangrove forest and a tidal creek that drains this forest\\u000a in Sepetiba Bay (SE Brazil) was investigated. After 30-h experiments in laboratory microcosms, the 65Zn half-removal times from tidal creek and mangrove forest sediments were 8.7?±?1.8 and 9.2?±?0.9 h respectively. Depth penetration\\u000a of 65Zn was mainly restricted

E. C. Machado; W. Machado; L. F. Bellido; S. R. Patchineelam; A. V. B. Bellido

2008-01-01

123

Proteomic analysis of the royal jelly and characterization of the functions of its derivation glands in the honeybee.  

PubMed

To identify candidate royal jelly (RJ) proteins that might affect the physiologic status of honeybee colony members, we used shotgun proteomics to comprehensively identify the RJ proteome as well as proteomes of the hypopharyngeal gland (HpG), postcerebral gland (PcG), and thoracic gland (TG), from which RJ proteins are assumed to be derived. We identified a total of 38 nonredundant RJ proteins, including 22 putative secretory proteins and Insulin-like growth factor-binding protein complex acid labile subunit. Among them, 9 proteins were newly identified from RJ. Comparison of the RJ proteome with the HpG, PcG, and TG proteomes revealed that 17 of the 22 putative secretory RJ proteins were derived from some of these glands, suggesting that the RJ proteome is a cocktail of proteins from these three glands. Furthermore, pathway analysis suggested that the HpG proteome represents the molecular basis of the extremely high protein-synthesizing ability, whereas the PcG proteome suggests that the PcG functions as a reservoir for the volatile compounds and a primer pheromone. Finally, to further characterize the possible total RJ proteome, we identified putative secretory proteins in the proteomes of these three glands. This will be useful for predicting novel RJ protein components in future studies. PMID:23157659

Fujita, Toshiyuki; Kozuka-Hata, Hiroko; Ao-Kondo, Hiroko; Kunieda, Takekazu; Oyama, Masaaki; Kubo, Takeo

2012-11-29

124

The Scientific program with RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Radioactive Ion Beams Facility (RIBRAS) is in operation since 2004 at the Pelletron Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Sa~o Paulo and consists of two superconducting solenoids capable of producing low energy secondary beams of light exotic nuclei. Measurements of the elastic scattering, breakup and transfer reactions with radioactive projectiles such as 6He, 8Li, 7Be on several targets have been performed. A review of the research program carried on along the last four years using the RIBRAS facility is presented.

Lichtenthäler, R.; Lépine-Szily, A.; Guimara~Es, V.; de Faria, P. N.; Mendes, D. R.; Otani, Y.; Leistenschneider, E.; Scarduelli, V.

2009-06-01

125

Custos das Mortes por Causas Externas no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violence in Brazil is well known to be one of the biggest problems nowadays affecting the society. This problem incurs in several economic costs, in addition to all kinds of immeasurable costs due to life losses. For the economic costs, we can mention, for example, medical treatment costs, police maintenance costs, production costs. In this paper, we focus in the

Alexandre X. Carvalho; Daniel R. C. Cerqueira; Rute I. Rodrigues; Waldir J. A. Lobão

2007-01-01

126

Situation Reports--Bahamas, Brasil, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Data relating to population and family planning in four foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahamas, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where appropriate and if it is available. General…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

127

A FAILED SEA-FLOOR SPREADING CENTRE, SANTOS BASIN, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Regional evaluation of the Santos Basin, Brazil, using 2-D seismic and gravity \\/ magnetic data has revealed a linear basement anomaly within the centre of the basin, extending NNE from a large igneous body to the western end of the Santos Fault. This feature coincides with an area of high thermal maturity within potential source rocks and with poor permeability

Iain C. Scotchman; Gil Marais-Gilchrist; Fernando Gomes de Souza; Fabiana Fonseca Chaves; Lois A. Atterton; Alan Roberts

128

Análise comparativa entre os implantes mamários mais usados no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Compare the advantages of the using of one of the breast implants most used during the research period, in terms of the most common complications in this procedure. Methodology: The four silicon breast implants most used on the national market were selected in a consecutive and incoming field of 500 women, divided into subgroups of 100, each corresponding to

THIAGO FERNANDO KASTRUP; ABREU MELLO-Acadêmico do; NATHASJA FERNANDA KASTRUP; ABREU MELLO

129

Curriculum Studies in Brasil: A Study of the Teaching Practice.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study analyzes how undergraduate university teachers are thinking in the classroom about the theoretical and practical contents related to the subject called "Curriculum Studies." The study focuses on the aspects of the theory-practice relationship, the idea of curriculum, and the theoretical references used by the undergraduate teachers.…

Marcondes, Maria Ines; Tura, Maria de Lourdes Rangel; de Macedo, Elizabeth Fernandes

130

Situation Reports--Bahamas, Brasil, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), Uruguay.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data relating to population and family planning in four foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Bahamas, Guatemala, Netherlands Antilles (Curacao), and Uruguay. Information is provided under two topics, general background and family planning situation, where appropriate and if it is available. General…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

131

Primeiro registro de Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) em Roraima, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aedes albopictus is registered for the first time in Roraima, Brazil. From June 2006 to May 2007, three pupae and ten larvae of Ae. albopictus were collected, during routine surveillance work in three urban neighborhoods in the city of Boa Vista. Two larvae reached adulthood as females. Although Ae. albopictus is not presently considered of primary importance in dengue transmission,

Ducineia Barros Aguiar; Almir Fontão; Pedro Rufino; Valdenor Alves Macedo; Cláudia Maria Ríos-Velásquez; Márcia Gonçalves Castro; Nildimar Alves Honório

2008-01-01

132

Plantas medicinais de uso popular em Boa Vista, Roraima, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Medicinal plants of popular use in Boa Vista, Roraima, Brazil. Boa Vista is located in the North of Amazonia, Brazil. The population of Boa Vista is heterogeneous, composed of Northeastern, Southern and Amazonian people. It has a strong tradition of using plants in popular medicine. This work aims to identify medicinal plants of popular use in Boa Vista, through information

Francisco Joaci F. Luz

2001-01-01

133

The Scientific program with RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)  

SciTech Connect

The Radioactive Ion Beams Facility (RIBRAS) is in operation since 2004 at the Pelletron Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Sao Paulo and consists of two superconducting solenoids capable of producing low energy secondary beams of light exotic nuclei. Measurements of the elastic scattering, breakup and transfer reactions with radioactive projectiles such as {sup 6}He,{sup 8}Li,{sup 7}Be on several targets have been performed. A review of the research program carried on along the last four years using the RIBRAS facility is presented.

Lichtenthaeler, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Mendes, D. R. Jr.; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Hussein, M. S.; Barioni, A.; Condori, R. Pampa; Morais, M. C.; Alcantara Nunez, J.; Camargo, O. Jr.; Otani, Y.; Leistenschneider, E.; Scarduelli, V. [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade de Sao Paulo, C.P. 66318, 05389-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Benjamim, E. A. [Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Depto. Fisica Particulas, Facultad Fisica, Campus Sur s/n 15786 Santiago de Compostela (Spain) (Spain); Moro, A. M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo 1065, E-41080, Sevilla (Spain); Arazi, A. [Laboratorio Tandar, Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Av. del Libertador 8250, (1429), Buenos Aires (Argentina); Assuncao, M. [UNIFESP-Campus de Diadema, SP (Brazil)] (and others)

2009-06-03

134

Petrophysical analysis of limestone rocks by nuclear logging and 3D high-resolution X-ray computed microtomography  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents the pore-space system analysis of the 2-ITAB-1-RJ well cores, which were drilled in the São José do Itaboraí Basin, in the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. The analysis presented herein has been developed based on two techniques: nuclear logging and 3D high-resolution X-ray computed microtomography. Nuclear logging has been proven to be the technique that provides better quality and more quantitative information about the porosity using radioactive sources. The Density Gamma Probe and the Neutron Sonde used in this work provide qualitative information about bulk density variations and compensated porosity of the geological formation. The samples obtained from the well cores were analyzed by microtomography. The use of this technique in sedimentary rocks allows quantitative evaluation of pore system and generates high-resolution 3D images (˜microns order). The images and data obtained by microtomography were integrated with the response obtained by nuclear logging. The results obtained by these two techniques allow the understanding of the pore-size distribution and connectivity, as well as the porosity values. Both techniques are important and they complement each other.

Oliveira, M. F. S.; Lima, I.; Ferrucio, P. L.; Abreu, C. J.; Borghi, L.; Lopes, R. T.

2011-10-01

135

A combined numerical and theoretical study on the penetration of a jacketed rod into semi-infinite targets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A combined numerical and theoretical study is conducted herein on the penetration of semi-infinite targets by jacketed rods with different rj0\\/rc0 ratios where rj0 and rc0 are the radii of the jacket and the core, respectively. The numerical results show that for smaller rj0\\/rc0 ratios the u–v relationship changes only a little compared to that of unitary long rod penetrator

H. M. Wen; Y. He; B. Lan

2011-01-01

136

Suppression of allergic reactions by royal jelly in association with the restoration of macrophage function and the improvement of Th1\\/Th2 cell responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

We studied the immunomodulatory effects of royal jelly (RJ), the principal food source of the queen honeybee. In this study, suppression of allergic reactions by RJ was investigated in DNP-KLH immunized mice (DNP-KLH mice). Oral administration of RJ (1 g\\/kg) to DNP-KLH mice significantly decreased the serum levels of antigen-specific Ig E and significantly inhibited DNP-KLH mediated-histamine release from mast

Hideki Oka; Yutaka Emori; Naomi Kobayashi; Yoshiro Hayashi; Kikuo Nomoto

2001-01-01

137

Genetic allelism and linkage tests of a soybean gene, Rfg1 , controlling nodulation with Rhizobium fredii strain USDA 205  

Microsoft Academic Search

A soybean gene, Rfg1, controlling nodulation with strain USDA 205, the type strain for the fast-growing species Rhizobium fredii, was tested for allelism with the Rj4 gene. The Rj4 gene conditions ineffective nodulation primarily with certain strains of the slow-growing soybean microsymbiont, Bradyrhizobium elkanii. The F2 seeds of the cross of the cultivars Peking, carrying the alleles rfg1, Rj4, i

T. E. Devine; L. D. Kuykendall

1994-01-01

138

Near isogenic lines of soybeans as tools to identify nodulation specificmutants of Bradyrhizobium elkanii  

Microsoft Academic Search

The dominant allele Rj4 in soybean interdicts or restricts the nodulation of plants by certain strains of bacteria, most of which are classified as Bradyrhizobium elkanii, while the recessive allele permits normal nodulation with the same strains. The near isogenic lines BARC-2 (Rj4) and BARC-3 (rj4) are calculated to be 99.95% identical in their nuclear DNA, but differ specifically in

T. E. Devine; J. J. O'Neill; L. D. Kuykendall

1993-01-01

139

Slides from the July 21-22, 2011 TPSAC Meeting ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... FDA presentation: Dissolvable Tobacco Products. ... Vice President, Smokeless Product Development, RJ ... presentations: Abuse Liability and Health ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/tobaccoproductsscientificadvisorycommittee

140

Too Poor for Public Housing: Roger Starr's Poverty Preferences  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Critical analysis of Roger Starr's contention that welfare recipients, particularly those households headed by females, are especially guilty of contributing to the welter of public housing problems. (RJ)

Hirshen, Al; Brown, Vivian N.

1972-01-01

141

Effect of Royal Jelly on serum lipids in experimental animals and humans with atherosclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

The primary objective of this review was to assess the size and consistency of Royal Jelly (RJ) effect on serum lipids in experimental animals and humans. The data from animal studies were pooled, where possible, and statistically evaluated by Student's t-test. Meta-analysis was used for the evaluation of human trials. It was found that RJ significantly decreased serum and liver

J. Vittek

1995-01-01

142

Anthropogenic carbon dioxide in the Arctic Ocean:Inventory and sinks  

Microsoft Academic Search

An inventory and sequestering rate of anthropogenic carbon dioxide CTanthro in the Arctic Ocean, calculated by a plume-entrainment model, are presented. The plume is initiated by a fraction rj leaving the shelf break at 200 m, followed by an entrainment of rj for every 150 m depth the plume descends. The model is constrained by the CFC-12 and carbon tetrachloride

Leif G. Anderson; Kristina Olsson; E. Peter Jones; Melissa Chierici; Agneta Fransson

1998-01-01

143

Resistance to the Mainlandization of Criminal Justice Practices: A Barrier to the Development of Restorative Justice in Hong Kong  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the political and legal barriers to introducing restorative justice (RJ) in Hong Kong. It argues that the processes involved in RJ may be in conflict with the rule of law, which is regarded by the citizens of Hong Kong as sacrosanct in their resistance to the “mainlandization” of criminal justice practices after China resumed sovereignty of Hong

T. Wing Lo

2012-01-01

144

Analysis of the sensor characteristics of the Galileo dust detector with collimated Jovian dust stream particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dust Detector System onboard Galileo records dust impacts in the Jupiter system. Impact events are classified into four quality classes. Class 3 - our highest quality class - has always been noise-free and, therefore, contains only true dust impacts. Depending on the noise environment, class 2 are dust impacts or noise. Within 20RJ from Jupiter (Jupiter radius, RJ =

H. Kruger; E. Grun; A. Heck; S. Lammers

145

Analysis of the sensor characteristics of the Galileo dust detector with collimated Jovian dust stream particles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Dust Detector System onboard Galileo records dust impacts in the Jupiter system. Impact events are classified into four quality classes. Class 3, our highest quality class, has always been noise-free and, therefore, contains only true dust impacts. Depending on the noise environment, Class 2 are dust impacts or noise. Within 20RJ from Jupiter (Jupiter radius, RJ = 71,492 km)

H. Kruger; E. Grun; A. Heck; S. Lammers

1999-01-01

146

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, RED BARN METHYL ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... (;:~ ir-'I ... ] ,r~' C' /' -' J I,;,;.J t,: 'j .-" I 't- (:. 0 ", j ... D 'rj "1 fI 1-" &'l ,t- f-'. o : 1 Ul ;J' ..) C I ..... P. a:: ctl III '1 :r o r+ " o ,+ o 'J '1 o EJ >--3 III rJ '0 t:1 o ...

2011-04-14

147

Contextualizing Restorative Justice for Hate Crime  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The application of restorative justice (RJ) with hate crime remains an underdeveloped field of research, policy, and practice. This article aims to advance the understanding of these two areas of inquiry: RJ and hate crime. It is known that while most hate incidents involve minor, punishable offenses, their impact can be long lasting and…

Gavrielides, Theo

2012-01-01

148

Energetic particles in the jovian magnetotail.  

PubMed

When the solar wind hits Jupiter's magnetic field, it creates a long magnetotail trailing behind the planet that channels material out of the Jupiter system. The New Horizons spacecraft traversed the length of the jovian magnetotail to >2500 jovian radii (RJ; 1 RJ identical with 71,400 kilometers), observing a high-temperature, multispecies population of energetic particles. Velocity dispersions, anisotropies, and compositional variation seen in the deep-tail (greater, similar 500 RJ) with a approximately 3-day periodicity are similar to variations seen closer to Jupiter in Galileo data. The signatures suggest plasma streaming away from the planet and injection sites in the near-tail region (approximately 200 to 400 RJ) that could be related to magnetic reconnection events. The tail structure remains coherent at least until it reaches the magnetosheath at 1655 RJ. PMID:17932283

McNutt, R L; Haggerty, D K; Hill, M E; Krimigis, S M; Livi, S; Ho, G C; Gurnee, R S; Mauk, B H; Mitchell, D G; Roelof, E C; McComas, D J; Bagenal, F; Elliott, H A; Brown, L E; Kusterer, M; Vandegriff, J; Stern, S A; Weaver, H A; Spencer, J R; Moore, J M

2007-10-12

149

Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. XXII. CoRoT-16b: a hot Jupiter with a hint of eccentricity around a faint solar-like star  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: We report the discovery of CoRoT-16b, a low density hot jupiter that orbits a faint G5V star (mV = 15.63) in 5.3523 ± 0.0002 days with slight eccentricity. A fit of the data with no a priori assumptions on the orbit leads to an eccentricity of 0.33 ± 0.1. We discuss this value and also derive the mass and radius of the planet. Methods: We analyse the photometric transit curve of CoRoT-16 given by the CoRoT satellite, and radial velocity data from the HARPS and HIRES spectrometers. A combined analysis using a Markov chain Monte Carlo algorithm is used to get the system parameters. Results: CoRoT-16b is a 0.535 -0.083/+0.085 MJ, 1.17 -0.14/+0.16 RJ hot Jupiter with a density of 0.44 -0.14/+0.21 g cm-3. Despite its short orbital distance (0.0618 ± 0.0015 AU) and the age of the parent star (6.73 ± 2.8 Gyr), the planet orbit exhibits significantly non-zero eccentricity. This is very uncommon for this type of objects as tidal effects tend to circularise the orbit. This value is discussed taking into account the characteristics of the star and the observation accuracy. The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27, 2006, has been developed and is operated by the CNES with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany, and Spain.Observations made with the HARPS spectrograph at ESO La Silla Observatory (HARPS programs 083.C-0186 and 184.C-0639) and the HIRES spectrograph at the Keck Observatory (NASA-Keck programs N035Hr, N143Hr and N095Hr).

Ollivier, M.; Gillon, M.; Santerne, A.; Wuchterl, G.; Havel, M.; Bruntt, H.; Bordé, P.; Pasternacki, T.; Endl, M.; Gandolfi, D.; Aigrain, S.; Almenara, J. M.; Alonso, R.; Auvergne, M.; Baglin, A.; Barge, P.; Bonomo, A. S.; Bouchy, F.; Cabrera, J.; Carone, L.; Carpano, S.; Cavarroc, C.; Cochran, W. D.; Csizmadia, Sz.; Deeg, H. J.; Deleuil, M.; Diaz, R. F.; Dvorak, R.; Erikson, A.; Ferraz-Mello, S.; Fridlund, M.; Gazzano, J.-C.; Grziwa, S.; Guenther, E.; Guillot, T.; Guterman, P.; Hatzes, A.; Hébrard, G.; Lammer, H.; Léger, A.; Lovis, C.; MacQueen, P. J.; Mayor, M.; Mazeh, T.; Moutou, C.; Ofir, A.; Pätzold, M.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Rouan, D.; Samuel, B.; Schneider, J.; Tadeu dos Santos, M.; Tal-Or, L.; Tingley, B.; Weingrill, J.

2012-05-01

150

Royal jelly can diminish secondary neuronal damage after experimental spinal cord injury in rabbits.  

PubMed

The aim of this experimental study was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of Royal jelly (RJ) on traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Twenty-one New Zealand male rabbits, weighing between 2.5 and 3.0 kg were divided into three groups: Sham (no drug or operation, n = 7), Control (laminectomy+single dose of 1 ml/kg saline orally, after trauma; n = 7) and RJ (laminectomy+100mg/kg RJ, orally, after trauma, n = 7). Laminectomy was perfor med at T10 and balloon catheter was applied extradurally for traumatic SCI. Four and 24h after surgery, rabbits were evaluated according to the Tarlov scoring system. Blood, cerebrospinal fluid and tissue sample from spinal cord were taken for measurements of antioxidant status or detection of apoptosis. Four hours after SCI, all animals in control or RJ treated groups became paraparesic. Significant improvement was observed in RJ treated group, 24h after SCI, with respect to control. Traumatic SCI led to increase in the lipid peroxidation and decrease enzymic or non-enzymic endogenous antioxidative defense systems, and increase in apoptotic cell numbers. RJ treatment mostly prevented lipid peroxidation and also augmented endogenous enzymic or non-enzymic antioxidative defense systems. Again, RJ treatment significantly decreased the apoptotic cell number induced by SCI. PMID:22538080

Aslan, Adem; Cemek, Mustafa; Buyukokuroglu, Mehmet Emin; Altunbas, Korhan; Bas, Orhan; Yurumez, Yusuf

2012-04-17

151

Novel royal jelly proteins identified by gel-based and gel-free proteomics.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) plays an important role in caste determination of the honeybee; the genetically same female egg develops into either a queen or worker bee depending on the time and amount of RJ fed to the larvae. RJ also has numerous health-promoting properties for humans. Gel-based and gel-free proteomics approaches and high-performance liquid chromatography-chip quadruple time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry were applied to comprehensively investigate the protein components of RJ. Overall, 37 and 22 nonredundant proteins were identified by one-dimensional gel electrophoresis and gel-free analysis, respectively, and 19 new proteins were found by these two proteomics approaches. Major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs) were identified as the principal protein components of RJ, and proteins related to carbohydrate metabolism such as glucose oxidase, ?-glucosidase precursor, and glucose dehydrogenase were also successfully identified. Importantly, the 19 newly identified proteins were mainly classified into three functional categories: oxidation-reduction (ergic53 CG6822-PA isoform A isoform 1, Sec61 CG9539-PA, and ADP/ATP translocase), protein binding (regucalcin and translationally controlled tumor protein CG4800-PA isoform 1), and lipid transport (apolipophorin-III-like protein). These new findings not only significantly increase the RJ proteome coverage but also help to provide new knowledge of RJ for honeybee biology and potential use for human health promotion. PMID:21854061

Han, Bin; Li, Chenxi; Zhang, Lan; Fang, Yu; Feng, Mao; Li, Jianke

2011-09-01

152

Gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric investigation of volatile and extractable compounds of crude royal jelly.  

PubMed

Using headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME) followed by diethyl ether and methanol extraction, it was possible to isolate as many as 185 organic compounds out of 17 samples of crude royal jelly (RJ). Of the above compound number, 169 compounds were positively identified by means of gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The volatile fraction of RJ consists of 25 different compounds where approximately 47% of the total ion current (TIC) of volatile compound chromatograms were composed of substances characterized by bactericidal (phenols) and repelling (octanoic acid and 2-heptanone) activities. Preliminary investigations have shown that RJ stored for 10 months at -18°C and 4°C keeps its composition of volatile compounds unchanged, however, at the same time at room temperature RJ phenol contents is decreased twice, whereas the fraction of aliphatic acids is increased 2.8 times due to the presence of both acetic and butyric acids. The chromatogram of RJ ether extracts showed 85 different compounds, however about 88% of TIC consisted exclusively of 8 compounds, i.e. 10-hydroxy-2-decenoic, 10-hydroxydecanoic, 3,10-dihydroxydecanoic, 8-hydroxyoctanoic, 2-decene-1,10-dioc and (Z)-9-hydroxy-2-decenoic acids. Nine aliphatic acids, which were detected for the first time, are the homologues of hydroxy- and oxo-acids identified earlier in RJ. In the RJ methanol extracts 82 compounds were identified, mainly carbohydrates and their derivatives. Approximately 87% of TIC consisted of fructose, glucose and sucrose. Special attention was paid to discrepancies between obtained and literature data concerning the presence of free amino acids in RJ. It was suggested that these inconsistencies can be explained by the differences in the methods of RJ collection and/or sample preparation. PMID:22245368

Isidorov, V A; Bakier, S; Grzech, I

2011-12-30

153

Repudiation and redemption: An assessment of the feminine in Central do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The construction of female identity within Brazilian society has always been closely linked to a highly exoticised image that has its origins in the colonial experience. In Brazilian cinematic production this is an identity construct that has been replayed and reinforced over time. The sensual and very feminine portrayal of women is evident in the earliest stages of national production,

Sarah McDonald

2003-01-01

154

Regras Monetárias e Dinâmica Macroeconômica no Brasil: Uma Abordagem de Expectativas Racionais  

Microsoft Academic Search

Neste artigo estimamos e simulamos um modelo macroeconômico aberto de expectativas racionais (Batini e Haldane (5)) para a economia brasileira, com o objetivo de identificar as características das regras monetárias óti- mas e a dinâmica de curto prazo gerada por elas. Trabalhamos com uma versão forward-looking e uma versão backward-looking a fim de comparar o desempenho de três parametrizações de

Marco Antonio Cesar Bonomo; Ricardo D. Brito

2002-01-01

155

CARACTERIZAÇÃO DA PESCA DE LINHA E DINÂMICA DAS FROTAS LINHEIRAS DA BAHIA, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: A caracterização da pesca de linha e da distribuição batimétrica e sazonal do esforço de pesca das frotas linheiras estabelecidas no estado da Bahia e em operação na costa central, entre Salvador e o norte do Banco de Abrolhos (13-18ºS), foi estudada com base na amostragem de desembarques monitorados pelo Programa REVIZEE em Salvador, Valença, Ilhéus e Porto Seguro

GEORGE OLAVO; PAULO A. S. COSTA; AGNALDO S. MARTINS

156

[Socioeconomic and geographic constraints to access mammography in Brasil, 2003-2008].  

PubMed

This study examined the effect of population characteristics and geographic location of residences and services on the odds of receiving a mammography in 2003 and 2008. Patterns of mammography use were analyzed using data from the Health Supplements of the National Household Sample Survey for women aged over 25, using prevalence ratios, and for women over 40 using multivariate logistic regression, correcting for complex sample design effects. In 2003, 54.6% of women of 50-69 years of age reported having had a mammography, in 2008, 71.5%. The odds are higher for those 50 to 69 years old, and increase with family income, education, being married, having consulted a doctor and having health insurance. Living in a metropolitan area trebles the chance of mammography. Compared to the Northern region, residents in all other regions have greater odds, greater distances decrease the odds. Coverage increased in the age range targeted by national policy, and inequalities due to income and education on access to mammography were reduced but regional convergence was not marked. Increased access seems to relate more to policies of income distribution and social inclusion, and to the availability of the examination in the Unified Health System, than to an increasing number of mammography units. PMID:21987309

de Oliveira, Evangelina Xavier Gouveia; Pinheiro, Rejane Sobrino; Melo, Enirtes Caetano Praates; Carvalho, Marilia Sá

2011-09-01

157

Abelhas (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) visitantes das flores do feijão guandu no Recôncavo Baiano, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan L. is a common crop, frequently found throughout Brazil, mainly in small rural properties. This research was aimed at geting information on the diversity of visiting bees to flowers of pigeonpea, generating information on the structure of the bee community and the importance of this Leguminosae as source of food resources. Collections had been made weekly, between

Ruberval Leone Azevedo; I Carlos; Alfredo Lopes de Carvalho

2007-01-01

158

Estudio Comparado de la Tributación del Sector Transporte de Carga en Argentina, Brasil, y Uruguay  

Microsoft Academic Search

En un contexto de creciente integración internacional, caracterizado por la formación de bloques económicos regionales, el sector del transporte de carga cobra cada vez más prominencia. Por ejemplo, el tratamiento tributario conferido al sector por los distintos países participantes de un bloque crea incentivos diferenciados en relación con la ampliación de la integración comercial.

Erika Amorim Araujo

2005-01-01

159

Análise da contaminação dos sistemas hídricos por agrotóxicos numa pequena comunidade rural do Sudeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent advances in analytical techniques allow identifying pesticide pollution in water systems. In small rural communities, the negative effects of pesticide pollution can be aggravated by the lack of infrastructure and adverse socioeconom- ic conditions. This study investigated pesticide pollution in potential water supply sources in a tomato growing area in Paty do Alferes, Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. The

Marcelo Motta Veiga; Dalton Marcondes Silva; Lilian Bechara Elabras Veiga; Mauro Velho de Castro Faria

2006-01-01

160

Incidência de suicídios e uso de agrotóxicos por tra- balhadores rurais em Luz (MG), Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article presents the incidence of suicides and attended cases of poisoning in the micro-region of Luz, Minas Gerais, and their possible relationship with pesticides. A descriptive study was held involving 50 local residents, who were asked to answer a questionnaire. Acetylcholinesterase, gamma-glutamyl- transferase (GGT), Serum glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase(SGOT), and Serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase(SGPT) were measured, and suicides between the

Tufi Neder Meyer; Ione Lamounier Camargos; Juscélio Clemente de Abreu

161

Controvérsias sobre educação matemática no Brasil: Malba Tahan versus Jacomo Stávale  

Microsoft Academic Search

CONTRO VERSIES ABOUT MATHEMATICS EDUCATION: MALBA TAHAN VERSUS JAC OMO ST ÁVALE. The aim of this paper to analyse, from a historical point of view, the debate between two mathematics teachers in the beginning of the 1930's. At that time the first National Education Law was created (Francisco Campos Reform), including, in all schools of the country a single curriculum.

Wagner Rodrigues Valente

2003-01-01

162

Abordagem etnobotânica de plantas medicinais utilizadas em dermatologia na cidade de João Pessoa-Paraíba, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: As doenças de pele são muito comuns acometendo cerca de 1\\/3 da população mundial e as plantas medicinais, em especial as suas associações, são comumente usadas nas comunidades para o tratamento de micoses, erisipela e outras dermatoses. Todavia, um dos problemas enfrentados pelos profissionais da área de saúde atualmente é justamente a questão do uso concomitante de plantas medicinais

E. O. Lima; R. A. G. Oliveira; M. S. Toledo; João Pessoa

163

Kant no Brasil - fora do lugar? Kant in Brazil - out of place?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This essay tries to detect the presence and relevance of Kant from e practical point of view by asking if Kants ideas were out of place in Brazil. It compares Kants ethics and his categorical imperative with the hybrid ethics in Brazil, personified in the figure of the \\

Günther Augustin

164

[Inquérito epidemiológico com paracoccidioidina e histoplasmina em área agrícola de café em Ibiá, Minas Gerais, Brasil.].  

PubMed

An epidemiological survey in an endemic area for paracoccidioidomycosis in Ibiá town, Minas Gerais state, Brazil was carried out. For this, we used a standard form for each household and intradermal antigens of histoplasmin and paracoccidioidin. Out of 194 individuals, 109(56%) were engaged in the survey showing reactivity of 44% and 49.5% for these antigens respectively. The reactivity to paracoccidioidin was observed in 50% of children below ten years. Individuals who revealed reactivity to paracoccidiodin with prior history of coffee growing activities, and those reporting the grain collection as the main work, showed statistically significant association p = 0.0092, p = 0.0007 and p = 0,01 respectively. These results could suggest that activities related to coffee crops, may favour the transmission of Paracoccidioides brasiliensis, specially among the grain collectors. In addition, the reactivity for histoplasmin antigen, suggest that this region is endemic for both fungi. PMID:18473521

Silva-Vergara, M L; Martínez, R

1998-12-01

165

AVALIAÇÃO ECONÔMICA DE POLÍTICAS PÚBLICAS VISANDO REDUÇÃO DAS EMISSÕES DE GASES DE EFEITO ESTUFA NO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a general equilibrium model of greenh ouse gas emissions in Brazil is developed, and some policies for emissions reductio ns are evaluated. The core model is derived from the MMRF-GREEN model of Australia (Adams, Horridge and Wittwer, 2002). It is a static inter-regional \\

JOAQUIM BENTO DE SOUZA; FERREIRA FILHO; MARCELO THEOTO

166

COMPARAÇÕES MÚLTIPLAS DAS CARTEIRAS DE BOLSA NO BRASIL: AVALIAÇÃO DA PERFORMANCE DO ÍNDICE DE GOVERNANÇA CORPORATIVA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The adoption of higher corporate governance standards increases the return, reduces the volatility of returns while enhancing the volume negotiated and the liquidity, exposure of stock returns to external risks is also reduced which lowers the cost of capital and increases the value of the company. These theories are analyzed for the Brazilian market with a review of literature for

Pablo Rogers; Karém Cristina de Sousa; Almir Ferreira de Sousa

167

International Relocation of Steel Production: U.S.A. and Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been a general shift in the location of steel production over the last 15 years away from developed countries towards developing countries. The shift is similar to those documented in other industries like cars and textiles, but the reasons for the shift are different partly because steel is not produced by multinational corporations.\\u000aThis thesis examines part of

Simon P. H. Foot

1986-01-01

168

The Research Program at RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)-III  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A part of the research program developed in the RIBRAS facility over the last four years is presented. Experiments using radioactive secondary beams of light exotic nuclei such as 6He, 7Be, 8Li on several targets have been performed. Elastic angular distributions have been analysed by the Optical Model and four body Continuous Discretized Coupled Channels Calculations (4b-CDCC) and the total reaction cross sections have been obtained. A comparison between the reaction cross sections of 6He and other stable projectiles with medium-heavy targets was performed. Measurements of the proton transfer reaction 12C(8Li,9Be)11B are also presented.

Lichtenthäler, R.; Lépine-Szily, A.; Guimara~Es, V.; de Faria, P. N.; Mendes, D. R.; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Barioni, A.; Morais, M. C.; Pampa Condori, R.; Assunça~O, M.; Moro, A. M.; Rodríguez-Gallardo, M.; Arazi, A.

2010-04-01

169

Reactions with 8Li at RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil): Astrophysical and nuclear structure applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present the results of the 8Li(p, ?) 5He reaction of astrophysical interest, measured at the RIBRAS system. It was realized in inverse kinematics and using a thick CH2 polyethylene target. Using the thick target method the complete excitation function could be measured between Ecm = 0.2-2.5 MeV, which includes the Gamow peak energy region. The contribution of contaminating 12C(8Li,4He) 16N and 12C(7Li, 4He) 15N reactions is still under analysis. However, if the cross section is expected to be somewhat reduced, the subtraction of the contamination will not change the general feature of the excitation function.

Mendes, D. R., Jr.; Lépine-Szily, A.; Descouvemont, P.

2012-02-01

170

TELEVISIÓN COMUNITARIA EN BRASIL: ANTECEDENTES Y PARTICIPACIÓN POPULAR EN LA GESTIÓN Y EN LA PROGRAMACIÓN  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present article is a study of the main historical aspects of the communitarian television in Brazil and of the process of incorporation and management of three first channels implanted in the cable television in the country. The main objectives are rescue the pioneering experiences and understand its specificities like precursors of the communitarian television in the country and to

Cicilia M. KROHLING PERUZZO

171

Comunidade de Carabidae (Coleoptera) em manchas florestais no Pantanal, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carabid community (Coleoptera) in forest patches in Pantanal, State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. This work addresses the effects of the size, flooding susceptibility and vegetation complexity on ground beetles community structure (Coleoptera, Carabidae) in forest patches (capões) in the sub-regions Miranda and Abobral of the Pantanal, State of Mato Grosso do Sul. Thirty pitfall traps were run for

Letícia Vieira; Frederico S. Lopes; Wedson D. Fernandes; Josué Raizer

2008-01-01

172

[Use and access of the elderly to primary health care services in Porto Alegre (RS, Brasil)].  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study was carried out in the second semester of 2004 by means of a household survey with 292 elderly people in a Southern Brazilian city, selected by probabilistic sampling. The objectives were: to describe the use and geographic access of the elderly to primary healthcare (PHC) in Porto Alegre (RS), and to analyze the association between variables of interest to the study and access to PHC. Descriptive and bivariate analysis was used. The primary health care services were used by 49.7% of the respondents, motivated by their location, quality and "free service." The factors negatively associated with the use of PHC services were "level of education" and "perception of good health" and the variable related positively was "self-diagnosed chronic condition". The elderly exposed to frailty related with economic and health conditions were more likely to use PHC, showing signs of equity in the health system. On the other hand, it is necessary to broaden the coverage to the elderly that do not have access, as well as implement healthcare strategies to meet the heterogenous demands of this age group. PMID:21709990

Paskulin, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi; Valer, Daiany Borghetti; Vianna, Lucila Amaral Carneiro

2011-06-01

173

Monitoramento da contaminação por elementos traço em ostras comercializadas em Recife, Pernambuco, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Samples of oysters marketed in Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil, were monitored for the concentration of trace elements (Hg, Zn, Fe, Cu, and Mn) for one year (from March 2001 to Feb- ruary 2002). Mercury was the principal contaminant found in oysters and the element posing the greatest public health risk. Mercury levels in oysters reached 551.12µg\\/kg (wet weight). These values suggest

André Dias Cavalcanti

2003-01-01

174

Navy of Brazil: An Emerging Power at Sea (Marinha do Brasil: Um Poder Emergente no Mar).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Captain Ferreira provides a perspective not available from one of our United States Fellows. Many observers foresee an increasingly influential place for Brazil in international affairs. Is the Brazilian Navy prepared to take on an expanded international ...

D. P. C. B. Ferreira

1983-01-01

175

EMBARCAÇÕES, ARTES E PROCEDIMENTOS DA PESCA ARTESANAL NO LITORAL SUL DO ESTADO DO PARANÁ, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Boats, gears and procedures of the artisanal fishing at the southern coast of Paraná state, Brazil This work describes boats and gears employed by artisanal fishermen of the Southern Paraná coast, Brazil, and analyses the fishing procedures performed at the shallow continental shelf. Seven types of boats and 7 main types of gears were identified. Differences between the fisherman communities

PAULO DE TARSO CHAVES; MAURÍCIO DE CASTRO ROBERT

176

Ocorrência de Fragmentos de Lama na Praia do Cassino, RS, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

During episodes of storm surges, a mud layer is deposited on an eroded sandy beach profile of the microtidal open ocean beach of Cassino (Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil). Returning to normal hydrodynamic conditions, the mud bed is exposed subaerially, producing desiccation polygons and mud blocks that are gradually eroded and transported by the wave action when angular fragments are

L. R. Martins; I. R. Martins; L. L. Tabajara

177

A INDÚSTRIA DE CALÇADOS DE COURO NO BRASIL: uma descrição a partir do modelo de Porter  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article intends to describe the leather shoes industry using Porter's five force model of competitive strategy (competition, suppliers, buyers, substitute products, barriers to entry). In addition contributed to the understanding of relationships between leather shoes industry and the competitive environment.

Sandro Alves Lima; Carlos Manoel; Fernando Martins; São Carlos

178

RÉGIMEN ÓPTIMO PARA PLANTACIONES DE EUCALIPTOS EN BRASIL: UN ANÁLISIS NO DETERMINISTA  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Distinct from other plantations, Eucalyptus plantation man- agers have to decide whether all trees will be replaced by new seedlings after a harvest or simply allowed to regenerate from the sprouting stumps. Defining the length and the number of ro - tations in this type of coppice regime is not a trivial task. In most cases, the optimal sequence

Luiz C. E. Rodríguez; Luis Díaz-Balteiro

2006-01-01

179

CAMBIO CLIMÁTICO Y TURISMO Posibles consecuencias en los destinos turísticos de Bahía - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen: El calentamiento global está modificando el clima en todos los continentes. Grandes masas de hielo se están derritiendo y están aumentando el nivel medio del mar, amenazando las islas y las zonas costeras. Se están produciendo con frecuencia huracanes y ciclones intensos; las temperaturas mínimas han aumentado, así como las sequías e inundaciones en diversos destinos turísticos. En este

Gustavo da Cruz

180

Programas de desenvolvimento local na região Nordeste do Brasil: uma avaliação preliminar da guerra fiscal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Local development programs in northeast Brazil: a preliminary evaluation of fiscal war- The federal government has played an important role in the development of the Brazilian economy. However, due to the adoption of neoliberal policies - suggested by international organs - in the 1990´s, State intervention in the economy fell substantially, particularly in relation to the planning and application of

Ana Carolina da Cruz Lima; João Policarpo Rodrigues Lima

2010-01-01

181

Ergonomics at Volkswagen Brasil. Multidisciplinary work to equalize health, productivity and quality.  

PubMed

Following the technological developments and presented to the multidisciplinary processes as automakers, Volkswagen Brazil, represented by its ergonomists, through this paper, shows the importance of ergonomic efficiency of management applied to various levels of life of a product, since its creation to its final implementation on production lines.The preventive work of ergonomists during the processes leading to production of a vehicle is accomplished through assessments on a simulated system called the Digital Factory. Since the initial stages to final product delivery there is a need for a multidisciplinary aligning the concepts of ergonomics, productivity and quality of product. Industrial Engineering, Process Engineering, ergonomists and workers are involved in the analysis made through the Workshop's showing the importance of discussion between the various users of the systems. The processes of series are also equipped with a set of certifications flow of job and planned audits on items that describe processes and applied ergonomics. PMID:22317399

Filus, Rodrigo; Wruca, Rodrigo; Charleaux, Vanessa; Ortega, Auro; Ferreira, Claudio; Jesus, Leandro; Stramari, Anderson; Neufel, Michel; Maia, Uyara

2012-01-01

182

PONSETI BRASIL: A NATIONAL PROGRAM TO ERADICATE NEGLECTED CLUBFOOT - PRELIMINARY RESULTS  

PubMed Central

Background After hearing about the reproducible and excellent results of the Ponseti method for clubfoot treatment, a group of Brazilian orthopaedic surgeons organized and participated in a standardized national program to teach the Ponseti technique in 21 different cities across Brazil. Methods A total of 21 Ponseti symposiums were organized in a standard fashion from January, 2007 to December, 2008. They consisted of a two-day program with lectures, hands-on cast application, and discussion of local clinical cases presented by orthopaedic surgeons. Thirteen Brazilian orthopaedic surgeons, who had been trained by the University of Iowa or centers recognized by them, taught the method. Financial support for travel was provided by an English charity: La Vida (Vital Investment for Developing Aid in Latin America). The physicians who attended the symposiums answered questionnaires before and after the training. Results About 7% of the 8000 orthopaedic surgeons in Brazil (556 orthopaedic surgeons) were trained. These orthopaedic surgeons stated that they had treated about 4905 babies in the previous year via other methods, including extensive surgery. Seventeen percent of the surgeons did not know about the Ponseti technique at the start of the symposium. Eighty-eight percent reported they felt able to treat children with the Ponseti technique after the symposium. Ninety-four percent of respondents reported that the symposium changed their way of treating clubfoot Conclusions These Ponseti symposiums brought about an exchange of medical information and empowered the participants. This program is a good educational tool which can be used in eradicating neglected clubfoot in Brazil.

Nogueira, Monica Paschoal; Pereira, Julio Cesar Rodrigues; Duarte, Paulo Schiavom; Lourenco, Alexandre; Tedesco, Ana Paula; Ferreira, Laura Alves; Forlin, Edilson; Volpi, Reinaldo; Violante, Francisco; Brandao, Gilberto; Novaes, Eduardo; Zabeu, Jose Luis Amin; Kim, Jung Ho; Aguiar, Carlos; Merlotti, Maria Henriqueta Renno

2011-01-01

183

Notas Sobre um País em Transe: Mídia e Copa do Mundo no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents some issues concerning the relation between football and culture in Brazil, since an ethnographic experience that took place during the World Cup of 1998. I analyse advertising and sports journalism discourses during the World Cup, taking into consideration the media dimension of football. Thus, I think that along with the clear participation of football on Brazilian contemporary

Édison Luis Gastaldo

184

Saúde bucal de idosos institucionalizados, zona leste de São Paulo, Brasil, 1999  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective was to verify oral health condi- tions in institutionalized elderly people in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, through epidemiologi- cal analysis. The sample consisted of 293 sub- jects and was stratified according to age (65-74 years and over 75) and gender. Epidemiological analysis was conducted according to WHO cri- teria to determine prevalence of oral disease. Chi-square

Débora Dias da Silva; Maria da Luz; Rosário de Sous

185

Queda dos homic?dios em S?o Paulo, Brasil: uma an?lise descritiva  

PubMed Central

Objetivo Descrever a evolução da mortalidade por homicídios no Município de São Paulo segundo tipo de arma, sexo, raça ou cor, idade e áreas de exclusão/inclusão social entre 1996 e 2008. Métodos Estudo ecológico de série temporal. Os dados sobre óbitos ocorridos no Município foram coletados da base de dados do Programa de Aprimoramento das Informações sobre Mortalidade, seguindo a Classificação Internacional de Doenças, Décima Revisão (CID-10). Foram calculadas as taxas de mortalidade por homicídio (TMH) para a população total, por sexo, raça ou cor, faixa etária, tipo de arma e área de exclusão/inclusão social. As TMH foram padronizadas por idade pelo método direto. Foram calculados os percentuais de variação no período estudado. Para as áreas de exclusão/inclusão social foram calculados os riscos relativos de morte por homicídio. Resultados As TMH apresentaram queda de 73,7% entre 2001 e 2008. Foi observada redução da TMH em todos os grupos analisados, mais pronunciada em homens (?74,5%), jovens de 15 a 24 anos (?78,0%) e moradores de áreas de exclusão social extrema (?79,3%). A redução ocorreu, sobretudo, nos homicídios cometidos com armas de fogo (?74,1%). O risco relativo de morte por homicídio nas áreas de exclusão extrema (tendo como referência áreas com algum grau de exclusão social) foi de 2,77 em 1996, 3,9 em 2001 e 2,13 em 2008. Nas áreas de alta exclusão social, o risco relativo foi de 2,07 em 1996 e 1,96 em 2008. Conclusões Para compreender a redução dos homicídios no Município, é importante considerar macrodeterminantes que atingem todo o Município e todos os subgrupos populacionais e microdeterminantes que atuam localmente, influenciando de forma diferenciada os homicídios com armas de fogo e os homicídios na população jovem, no sexo masculino e em residentes em áreas de alta exclusão social.

Peres, Maria Fernanda Tourinho; Vicentin, Diego; Nery, Marcelo Batista; de Lima, Renato Sergio; de Souza, Edinilsa Ramos; Cerda, Magdalena; Cardia, Nancy; Adorno, e Sergio

2012-01-01

186

PREDACAo DE NINHOS ARTIFICIAIS EM FRAGMENTOS DE MATAS DO BRASIL CENTRAL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Habitat fragmentation has some negative consequences to bird populations, including high nest predation rates due to the access of predators to the interior of small fragments. Qur purpose was to test the hypothesis that nest predation rates is inversely related to forest fragment size in forests at 'Tri~ngulo Mineiro', Minas Gerais state, Brazil. We conducted two experiments with artificial nests,

Celine Melo; Miguel Angelo Marini

187

Bancroftian filariasis in two urban areas of Recife, Brasil: the role of individual risk factors.  

PubMed

Bancroftian filariasis is spreading in towns of endemic areas in Recife, northeastern Brazil, where it is a major public health problem. This paper deals with the prevalence of microfilaraemia and filarial disease in two urban areas of Recife, studying their association with individual characteristics and variables related to the exposure to the vectors. The parasitologic survey was performed through a "door-to-door" census and microfilaraemia was examined by the thick-drop technique using 45 microliters of peripheral blood collected between 20:00 and 24:00 o'clock. 2,863 individuals aged between 5 and 65 years were interviewed and submitted to clinical examination. Males aged between 15 and 44 years old presented the greatest risk of being microfilaraemic. Microfilaraemia was also significantly associated with no use of bednet to sleep. The risk of being microfilaraemic was greater among those who had lived in the studied areas for more than 5 years. The overall disease prevalence was 6.3%. Males presented the greatest risk of developing acute disease. The risk of developing chronic manifestations was also greater among males and increased with age. We found no association between time of residence, bednet use, microfilaraemia and acute and chronic disease. We may conclude that in endemic areas there are subgroups of individuals who has a higher risk of being microfilariae carriers due to different behaviours in relation to vector contact. PMID:8525268

de Albuquerque, M de F; Marzochi, M C; Ximenes, R A; Braga, M C; Silva, M C; Furtado, A F

188

Evolución desigual de las causas de muerte en las regiones de Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveTo determine changing patterns in the main causes of mortality Brazilian regions between 1980 and 2000 taking into consideration the inequalities among territories and epidemiological transition.

Wilson Sabino; Enrique Regidor; Ángel Otero

2007-01-01

189

Estudo epidemiológico das dermatofitoses em instituições públicas da cidade de Barretos, São Paulo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

1 RESUMO - As dermatofitoses são infecções superficiais capazes de produzir lesões em tecidos queratinizados, como pele, pêlo, e unhas. Foram examinados 536 indivíduos procedentes de Barretos, com suspeita clínica de infecções fúngicas, no período de Novem- bro de 2002 a Outubro de 2003, verificando-se a incidência e a etiologia das dermatofitoses. Material coletado de várias regiões cor- póreas foram

Cátia Rezende; Graziela Porsani Borsari; Fernanda Regina Cavalcanti

190

Abertura Financeira e Vulnerabilidade Externa na América Latina: os impactos sobre Brasil, México e Argentina  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Este trabalho, na primeira seção, define o que costuma ser entendido como um processo de abertura financeira, identifica os níveis que compõem este processo, e lista as principais justificativas teóricas costumeiramente apresentadas para a implementação deste tipo de política. Na segunda seção, discute-se teoricamente o impacto dos processos de liberalização financeira na autonomia de política econômica e no grau

Juan Pablo Painceira; Marcelo Dias Carcanholo

191

Etiologia e estratégias de controle de viroses do mamoeiro no brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Etiology and control strategies of papaya virus diseases in Brazil The major disease problems affecting papaya (Carica papaya) throughout the world are caused by viruses. These diseases cause serious reductions in fruit production, even totally destroying affected orchards. Although more than ten different viruses have been registered in papaya world- wide, only three have been identified to date that naturally

ROBERTO C. A. LIMA; J. ALBERSIO A. LIMA; MANOEL T. SOUZA JR.; GILVAN PIO-RIBEIRO; GENIRA P. ANDRADE

2001-01-01

192

Consideracoes Historicas sobre o Ensino Profissionalizante no Brasil (Historical Considerations about Professional Education in Brazil).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the paths taken in professional education in Brazil from the colonial period until the formation of the republic. Refers to specialists as well as specific laws for each period described in the study. (BT)|

Barros, Marta Silene Ferreira

2000-01-01

193

Situation Reports--Brasil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Data relating to population and family planning in six foreign countries are presented in these situation reports. Countries included are Brazil, Cambodia, Fiji, Malaysia (West), Thailand, and Uganda. Information is provided, where appropriate and available, under two topics, general background and family planning situation. General background…

International Planned Parenthood Federation, London (England).

194

HAMMONDIA HEYDORNI, NEOSPORA CANINUM E TOXOPLASMA GONDII EM CAPRINOS ABATIDOS NO ESTADO DA BAHIA, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo Hammondia heydorni, Neospora caninum e Toxoplasma gondii são protozoários coccídios que parasitam diferentes espécies animais domésticas e silvestres. E nquanto a infecção por H. heydorni parece ser assintomática, N. caninum e T. gondii podem provocar alterações reprodutivas em ruminantes. N. caninum é um importante causador de abortamentos em bovinos, ao passo que T. gondii induz a abortamentos em caprinos

R. S. UZÊDA; K. ABE-SANDES; L. F. P. GONDIM

195

COMPORTAMENTO REPRODUTIVO DA ARARA-AZUL (Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus) NO PANTANAL, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residente, monogâmica e altamente conspícua a arara-azul Anodorhynchus hyacinthinus é uma ave que pode servir de modelo para estudos de comportamento. De julho a dezembro de 1999, foram realizadas observações de comportamento reprodutivo da arara-azul no Pantanal de Miranda. Os estudos foram conduzidos no Refúgio Ecológico Caiman, onde desde 1998, esta situada a base do Projeto. O objetivo deste trabalho

Vanessa M. Bernardo; Marcos R. F. Cardoso; Carolina R. Pereira; Neiva M. R. Guedes

196

Leishmaniose visceral em um canino de Cruz Alta, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A case of visceral leishmaniasis in a five-year-old, intact male Akita presented to the Veterinary Hospital at the University of Cruz Alta, RS, Brazil after having lived in the state of Alagoas for three years is described. Clinical signs included progressive weight loss, crusty lesions on the tip of the ears, nose and periorbital region, an ulcer at the distal

Cristina Krauspenhar; Cristiane Beck; Vitor Sperotto; Aline Alves da Silva; Rodrigo Bastos; Lauro Rodrigues

2007-01-01

197

Fenologia de espécies arbóreas em floresta de planície litorânea do sudeste do Brasil1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Phenology of coastal-plain forest tree species from Southeastern Brazil). The present study aims to characterize the reproductive and leafing phenology of tree species of a coastal-plain forest from Southeastern Brazil and to relate the observed patterns with the local biotic and abiotic factors. The study was carried out in the Parque Estadual da Serra do Mar, Núcleo Picinguaba, Ubatuba, São

DANIELA CUSTÓDIO TALORA; PATRÍCIA C. MORELLATO

2000-01-01

198

Fenologia de espécies arbóreas zoocóricas em uma floresta psamófila no sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Palavras-chave: Brotação, fotoperíodo, queda foliar, restinga, sazonalidade ABSTRACT - (Phenology of zoochorous tree species in a sandy coastal forest in Southern Brazil). Biological phenomena are subject to abiotic factors that change according to geographical position, especially those related to environmental seasonality. This study provides a two-year assessment of vegetative and reproductive phenophases for nine species in a coastal forest on

Maria Salete Marchioretto; Julian Mauhs; Jean Carlos Budke

2007-01-01

199

FECUNDIDADE EM Callinectes danae SMITH (DECAPODA, PORTUNIDAE) DA LAGOA DA CONCEIÇÃO, FLORIANÓPOLIS, SANTA CATARINA, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

FECUNDITY OF Callinectes danae SMITH (DECAPODA, PORTUNIDAE) IN LAGOA DA CONCEIÇÃO, SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL. The estimate for the average fecundity for the C. dance population of Lagoa da Conceição (Florianópolis, Santa Catarina) was of 598.885 eggs by female. The average number of eggs and the weight of the mass of eggs, in general, increase with the female size. The variation

Joaquim Olinto Branco; Marcelo Gentil Avilar

200

A?ˆO AFIRMATIVA E O COMBATE AO RACISMO INSTITUCIONAL NO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

AFFIRMATIVE ACTION AND THE FIGHT AGAINST INSTITUTIONAL RACISM IN BRAZIL. This article analyzes the debate on affirmative action in Brazil in the light of the bibliography about racism and the legal basis for equal opportunities. From this perspective, it challenges the critical visions to the implementation of reparatory policies, gathering evidence on the stateís participation in the legitimation of racial

VALTER ROBERTO SILV

201

The Research Program at RIBRAS (Radioactive Ion Beams in Brasil)-III  

SciTech Connect

A part of the research program developed in the RIBRAS facility over the last four years is presented. Experiments using radioactive secondary beams of light exotic nuclei such as {sup 6}He, {sup 7}Be, {sup 8}Li on several targets have been performed. Elastic angular distributions have been analysed by the Optical Model and four body Continuous Discretized Coupled Channels Calculations (4b-CDCC) and the total reaction cross sections have been obtained. A comparison between the reaction cross sections of {sup 6}He and other stable projectiles with medium-heavy targets was performed. Measurements of the proton transfer reaction {sup 12}C({sup 8}Li,{sup 9}Be){sup 11}B are also presented.

Lichtenthaeler, R.; Lepine-Szily, A.; Guimaraes, V.; Faria, P. N. de; Mendes, D. R. Jr; Pires, K. C. C.; Morcelle, V.; Barioni, A.; Morais, M. C.; Pampa Condori, R. [Instituto de Fisica da USP, Sao Paulo, Brazil, C.P. 66318, 05314-970 (Brazil); Assuncao, M. [Departamento de Ciencias Exatas e da Terra, Unifesp, Campus de Diadema, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Moro, A. M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo. 1065, E-41080, Sevilla (Spain); Rodriguez-Gallardo, M. [Departamento de FAMN, Universidad de Sevilla, Apdo. 1065, E-41080, Sevilla (Spain); Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSIC, Serrano 123, E-28006 Madrid (Spain); Arazi, A. [Laboratorio TANDAR, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica (Argentina)

2010-04-30

202

[The nursing administration scientific publications in Brasil since 1947 until 1972].  

PubMed

The Nursing Administration was added to the Nursing Undergraduation Curriculum when the evidence of this need came clear to the brazilian nurses. The main objective of the present investigation is to describe the history pathway of scientific productions about Nursing Administration to evidence the special points of this history, intended to contribute to the understanding of the sequence of their productions and the utilization of this concepts in the administration nursing practice. The study referred from 1947 to 1972, by the searching in the electronic nursing scientific publications data base named--PERIENF. The results were 19 indications submitted to a thematic analysis treatment. This procedure reveals that since the forties the nurses were conscious of the difficulties they had experimented in their administration performance, growing up to the inclusion of this theme in the undergraduate courses and demonstrating its organization until the definition of the "Curriculo Mínimo do Curso de Enfermagem e Obstetricia" in 1972, granting a special place of this discipline. PMID:16334196

Martins, Elaine Guimarães; Sanna, Maria Cristina

203

Some Implications for Afro-American Culture: Rationalism and Western Music  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Will the computer or instruments powered by electrical energy become the most efficient means by which to produce Western music, replacing the live performer? If so, what will be the effects of electronic, mechanical music on society? (Author/RJ)

Walton, Ortiz M.

1973-01-01

204

"If You Give Him Seeds, He'll Eat Forever"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Focuses on an OEO-funded farming project through which northern New Mexico Pueblo American Indians are growing crops indoors in nutritive water and gravel through a cultivation process known as hydroponics. (RJ)

Murphy, Betty

1972-01-01

205

Briefing Information for the July 15-16 Meeting of the Tobacco ...  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

... RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company Submission*. *The statements contained in this document(s) are those of the tobacco industry, not FDA, and FDA ... More results from www.fda.gov/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/tobaccoproductsscientificadvisorycommittee

206

CURRICULUM VITAE FORMAT FOR FACULTY  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Daftary AA, Bryan L, Fan J, Hooley RJ, Horvath L, Tocino I, Philpotts L. Correlation between Radiologist Interpretations and Computer Aided ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

207

Environmental Decision Memo for Food Contact Notification ...  

Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN)

... Matthiessen, P.; Thain, JE; Law, RJ; Fileman, TW Attempts to assess the environmental hazard posed by complex mixtures or organic chemicals in ... More results from www.fda.gov/food/ingredientspackaginglabeling/environmentaldecisions

208

Danger from Dissolvable Tobacco and Other Tobacco Products  

MedlinePLUS

... market. In January 2009, R.J. Reynolds introduced Camel Orbs, Strips, and Sticks, its newest dissolvable, smokeless ... them), the novel configuration, packaging, and flavoring of Camel’s new dissolvables prompted Congress to include a requirement ...

209

February 1, 2010  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text VersionPage 1. February 1, 2010 Mr. Daniel M. Delen Chairman, President and Chief Executive Officer RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

210

Methadone Maintenance as Law and Order  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Argues that substitution of methadone for heroin would not rehabilitate the drug addict, but it may be used as a method of tranquilizing a potentially troublesome ghetto and poor white population. (RJ)|

Heyman, Florence

1972-01-01

211

Thermodynamics of Organic Compounds.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Measurements were completed of the enthalpy of combustion of the ramjet fuel RJ-6. Measurements of the enthalpy of combustion of hexacyclic exo,exo-dihydrodinorbornadiene, hexacyclic endo,endo-dihydrodinorbornadiene and exo-tetrahydrodicyclopentadiene are...

W. D. Good D. W. Scott N. K. Smith S. Lee-Bechtold A. G. Osborn

1979-01-01

212

Modal Personality in the Bahamas  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports investigation of modal personality of a colonial people evolving toward independence--Phase I of a longitudinal study of behavioral adaptation to sociopolitical change. Comparative data from Thailand and the Philippines are also presented. (RJ)

Lefley, Harriet P.

1972-01-01

213

Low back pain - chronic  

MedlinePLUS

... CJ. Behavioural treatment for chronic low-back pain. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010;(7). Clarke JA, van ... for low-back pain with or without sciatica. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2010;(5):CD003010. Smeets RJ, ...

214

Soft Tissue Sarcoma  

MedlinePLUS

... as X-rays, computerized tomography (CT) scans, ultrasound, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), ... Potential environmental and genetic factors. Surgical Clinics of North America. 2008;88:451. Kenney RJ, et al. ...

215

Mercury Resistance Is Encoded by Transferable Giant Linear Plasmids in Two Chesapeake Bay Streptomyces Strains†  

PubMed Central

The Streptomyces strains CHR3 and CHR28, isolated from the Baltimore Inner Harbor, contained two and one, respectively, giant linear plasmids which carry terminally bound proteins. The plasmids pRJ3L (322 kb), from CHR3, and pRJ28 (330 kb), from CHR28, carry genes homologous to the previously characterized chromosomal Streptomyces lividans 66 operon encoding resistance against mercuric compounds. Both plasmids are transmissible (without any detectable rearrangement) to the chloramphenicol-resistant S. lividans TK24 strain lacking plasmids and carrying a chromosomal deletion of the mer operon. S. lividans TK24 conjugants harboring pRJ3L or pRJ28 exhibited profiles of mercury resistance to mercuric compounds similar to those of Streptomyces strains CHR3 and CHR28.

Ravel, Jacques; Schrempf, Hildgund; Hill, Russell T.

1998-01-01

216

Frequent Bowel Movements  

MedlinePLUS

... make you have more frequent bowel movements include: Celiac disease Crohn's disease Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) Irritable bowel syndrome ... Accessed Oct. 11, 2011. Farrell RJ, et al. Celiac disease and refractory celiac disease. In: Feldman M, et ...

217

Optimal Utilization of Limited Educational Resources  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Article is an outgrowth of two conference presentations by the author at the Regional Seminar on Financing and Cost of Education in Central America and Panama, Guatemala City, Guatemala, September 6-11, 1971. (RJ)|

Hatley, Richard V.

1972-01-01

218

Depression and Diabetes  

MedlinePLUS

... 2 diabetes and depression. Arch Gen Psychiatry . 2009 Mar; 66(3):324–30. 4. Egede LE, Zheng ... expenditures in individuals with diabetes. Diabetes Care . 2002 Mar; 25(3):464–70. 5. Anderson RJ, Freedland ...

219

RONALD O. GILCHER, MD, FACP CURRICULUM VITAE  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... Ford, KE, Riggins KL, Gilcher RO: Operational Impact: pooled vs. ... Garner RJ and Silvergleid AJ (eds): Auto and Directed Blood Programs Arlington ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

220

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 04/16/1971  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... ' ",' .t .' .. ' I··· .. TiT" oINlY ..'., I ." C 1'\\ VI . ,~ i ~ · ... f<~ ~rJ j ;~I CPS ", .. :tt'r , .',< b·. ;or:,\\; ·S ICl' , 't: . :" ' 1.1 l.: ~ r' J. '~ I ' ( .. ' t :', J ? J : "-':J.~ ...

2011-04-21

221

Contextualizing restorative justice for hate crime.  

PubMed

The application of restorative justice (RJ) with hate crime remains an underdeveloped field of research, policy, and practice. This article aims to advance the understanding of these two areas of inquiry: RJ and hate crime. It is known that while most hate incidents involve minor, punishable offenses, their impact can be long lasting and detrimental to victims and affected communities. The article investigates how RJ is conceptualized within the hate crime context. The findings are based on a 3-year research program, which combined theoretical analysis, literature review, and U.K.-focused field research that was carried out through a combination of qualitative methods. These included semistructured interviews with an expert sample of practitioners and policy makers as well as focus groups with young victims and offenders of hate incidents. Direct observation was also carried out with two RJ practices. PMID:22645026

Gavrielides, Theo

2012-05-29

222

CURRICULUM VITAE  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 10. Aulerich, RJ, Bursian, SJ, Poppenga, RH, Mullaney, TP, and Braselton, WE (1991): Toleration of high concentrations of dietary zinc by mink. ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

223

Patient System Guide Champion™ HF Monitoring System  

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)

Text Version... 500 MHz (Hospital), 200 MHz (Home) • Memory – 512MB (Hospital), 64 MB (Home) • I/O – USB, Smart Card (Hospital), Extra VGA, RJ11 phone line ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials

224

Royal jelly facilitates restoration of the cognitive ability in trimethyltin-intoxicated mice.  

PubMed

Trimethyltin (TMT) is a toxic organotin compound that induces acute neuronal death selectively in the hippocampal dentate gyrus (DG) followed by cognition impairment; however the TMT-injured hippocampal DG itself is reported to regenerate the neuronal cell layer through rapid enhancement of neurogenesis. Neural stem/progenitor cells (NS/NPCs) are present in the adult hippocampal DG, and generate neurons that can function for the cognition ability. Therefore, we investigated whether royal jelly (RJ) stimulates the regenerating processes of the TMT-injured hippocampal DG, and found that orally administered RJ significantly increased the number of DG granule cells and simultaneously improved the cognitive impairment. Furthermore, we have already shown that RJ facilitates neurogenesis of cultured NS/NPCs. These present results, taken together with previous observations, suggest that the orally administered RJ may be a promising avenue for ameliorating neuronal function by regenerating hippocampal granule cells that function in the cognition process. PMID:19376837

Hattori, Noriko; Ohta, Shozo; Sakamoto, Takashi; Mishima, Satoshi; Furukawa, Shoei

2010-10-25

225

Upper and Lower-Extremity Motor Recovery After Traumatic Cervical Spinal Cord Injury: An Update From the National Spinal Cord Injury Database  

Microsoft Academic Search

Marino RJ, Burns S, Graves DE, Leiby BE, Kirshblum S, Lammertse DP. Upper- and lower-extremity motor recovery after traumatic cervical spinal cord injury: an update from the National Spinal Cord Injury Database.

Ralph J. Marino; Stephen Burns; Daniel E. Graves; Benjamin E. Leiby; Steven Kirshblum; Daniel P. Lammertse

2011-01-01

226

2006 Publications  

Cancer.gov

Serum peptidome patterns that distinguish metastatic thyroid carcinoma from cancer-free controls are unbiased by gender and age.Villanueva J, Martorella AJ, Lawlor K, Philip J, Fleisher M, Robbins RJ, Tempst P.Mol Cell Proteomics.

227

"If You Give Him Seeds, He'll Eat Forever"  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Focuses on an OEO-funded farming project through which northern New Mexico Pueblo American Indians are growing crops indoors in nutritive water and gravel through a cultivation process known as hydroponics. (RJ)|

Murphy, Betty

1972-01-01

228

Molecular epidemiology of KPC2- producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates in Brazil: the predominance of sequence type 437  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the genetic relatedness of 57 KPC-2–producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from 5 states in Brazil, during 2006–2009. Pulse-field gel electrophoresis analysis identified 10 pulsotypes. The pulsotype designated as Kp-RJ (Klebsiella pneumoniae–Rio de Janeiro) was the dominant clone found in the states of Rio de Janeiro and Espírito Santo. Multilocus sequence typing of Kp-RJ

Liliane M. Seki; Polyana S. Pereira; Maria da Penha A. H. de Souza; Magda de S. Conceição; Elizabeth A. Marques; Carlos Oliveira Porto; Elvira Maria L. Colnago; Carlene de F. M. Alves; Deize Gomes; Ana Paula D. A. Carvalho Assef; Ørjan Samuelsen; Marise D. Asensi

2011-01-01

229

Oral administration of royal jelly inhibits the development of atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in NC\\/Nga mice  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have shown previously that in addition to IL-4, IL-5 and IL-10, antigen-specific interferon-? (IFN-?) production by spleen cells from ovalbumin (OVA)\\/Alum-immunized mice is inhibited by the administration of royal jelly (RJ). Since it has been shown that both Th1 and Th2 cytokines play pathogenic roles in the generation of atopic dermatitis (AD), we have examined whether RJ suppresses the

Yoshifumi Taniguchi; Keizo Kohno; Shin-ichiro Inoue; Satomi Koya-Miyata; Iwao Okamoto; Norie Arai; Kanso Iwaki; Masao Ikeda; Masashi Kurimoto

2003-01-01

230

Optically pumped isotopic ammonia laser system  

DOEpatents

An optically pumped isotopic ammonia laser system which is capable of producing a plurality of frequencies in the middle infrared spectral region. Two optical pumping mechanisms are disclosed, i.e., pumping on R(J) and lasing on P(J) in response to enhancement of rotational cascade lasing including stimulated Raman effects, and, pumping on R(J) and lasing on P(J+2). The disclosed apparatus for optical pumping include a hole coupled cavity and a grating coupled cavity.

Buchwald, Melvin I. (Santa Fe, NM); Jones, Claude R. (Los Alamos, NM); Nelson, Leonard Y. (Seattle, WA)

1982-01-01

231

The microwave electromagnetic and absorption properties of some porous iron powders  

Microsoft Academic Search

The porous iron powders were prepared by an activated carbon assisted route involving impregnation of activated carbon with concentrated metal nitrate solutions, calcination and subsequent hydrogen reduction. The prepared samples were characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and nitrogen physisorption (physical adsorption). The complex relative dielectric permittivity (?r=???j??) and magnetic permeability (?r=???j??) of the powder–resin matrix

Xin Tang; Qing Tian; Binyuan Zhao; Keao Hu

2007-01-01

232

‘Acceptable rebellion’: marketing hipster aesthetics to sell Camel cigarettes in the US  

Microsoft Academic Search

ObjectiveThe aim of the present work was to understand why and how RJ Reynolds and other tobacco companies have marketed tobacco products to young adult social trendsetting consumers (termed ‘hipsters’) to recruit trendsetters and average consumers to smoke.MethodsAnalysis of tobacco industry documents and industry marketing materials.ResultsSince 1995, RJ Reynolds developed its marketing campaigns to better suit the lifestyle, image identity

Yogi Hendlin; Stacey J Anderson; Stanton A Glantz

2010-01-01

233

The Nexus of Organized Crime and Terrorism: Two Case Studies in Cigarette Smuggling  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines two case studies that illustrate how two different types of actors were involved in a cigarette smuggling?terror nexus. The first case examines R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company's alleged deliberate sales of its products in Iraq in contravention of the UN embargo and U.S. law. R.J. Reynolds used criminal actors as suppliers and provided financial compensation to the Kurdistan

Louise I. Shelley; Sharon A. Melzer

2008-01-01

234

Bee products prevent VEGF-induced angiogenesis in human umbilical vein endothelial cells  

PubMed Central

Background Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) is a key regulator of pathogenic angiogenesis in diseases such as cancer and diabetic retinopathy. Bee products [royal jelly (RJ), bee pollen, and Chinese red propolis] from the honeybee, Apis mellifera, have been used as traditional health foods for centuries. The aim of this study was to investigate the anti-angiogenic effects of bee products using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). Methods In an in vitro tube formation assay, HUVECs and fibroblast cells were incubated for 14 days with VEGF and various concentrations of bee products [RJ, ethanol extract of bee pollen, ethanol extract of Chinese red propolis and its constituent, caffeic acid phenethyl ester (CAPE)]. To clarify the mechanism of in vitro angiogenesis, HUVEC proliferation and migration were induced by VEGF with or without various concentrations of RJ, bee pollen, Chinese red propolis, and CAPE. Results RJ, bee pollen, Chinese red propolis, and CAPE significantly suppressed VEGF-induced in vitro tube formation in the descending order: CAPE > Chinese red propolis >> bee pollen > RJ. RJ and Chinese red propolis suppressed both VEGF-induced HUVEC proliferation and migration. In contrast, bee pollen and CAPE suppressed only the proliferation. Conclusion Among the bee products, Chinese red propolis and CAPE in particular showed strong suppressive effects against VEGF-induced angiogenesis. These findings indicate that Chinese red propolis and CAPE may have potential as preventive and therapeutic agents against angiogenesis-related human diseases.

2009-01-01

235

Effect of Royal Jelly on spatial learning and memory in rat model of streptozotocin-induced sporadic Alzheimer's disease  

PubMed Central

Background: It has been recently demonstrated that Royal jelly (RJ) has a beneficial role on neural functions. Alzheimer's disease (AD) is associated with impairments of learning and memory. Therefore, the present study was designed to examine the effect of RJ on spatial learning and memory in rats after intracerebroventricular injection of streptozotocin (icv-STZ). Materials and Methods: Rats were infused bilaterally with an icv injection of STZ, while sham rats received vehicle only. The rats were feed with RJ-contained food (3% w/w) (lyophilized RJ mixed with powdered regular food) or regular food for 10 days. Then spatial learning and memory was tested in the rats by Morris water maze test. Results: Results showed that in icv-STZ group latency and path length were increased as compared to sham group, also icv-STZ rats less remembered the target quadrant that previously the platform was located; however, these were protected significantly in STZ group that received RJ-containing food. Conclusions: Our findings support the potential neuroprotective role of RJ and its helpful effects in AD.

Zamani, Zohre; Reisi, Parham; Alaei, Hojjatallah; Pilehvarian, Ali Asghar

2012-01-01

236

Energetic particle evidence for magnetic filaments in Jupiter's magnetotail  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jupiter's immense magnetotail was uniquely traversed and observed in situ to 2562 Jovian radii (RJ = 71,492 km) for the first time by the Pluto-bound New Horizons spacecraft during the first half of 2007. We show evidence that energetic ions with sulfur-rich composition traceable to Io's volcanism originated 150 ± 40 RJ antisunward of the planet and were recurrently released and funneled by the magnetic field down the magnetotail. Ions detected at New Horizons by the Pluto Energetic Particle Spectrometer Science Investigation (PEPSSI) instrument showed unmistakable signatures of velocity dispersion. We performed a survey of the unambiguous dispersion events observed by PEPSSI and provide a quantitative description of each event's dispersion characteristics. Energetic ions are sensitive probes of the magnetic field structure in the magnetotail; so, for a case study of one of the most interesting events, beginning on day of year 118, 28 April 2007, we are also able to estimate small-scale features of the magnetotail. Our observations (which include energies above ˜2 keV/nuc and total energies below ˜1 MeV), combined with straightforward simulations of particle flow, are consistent with narrow spatial structures, or filaments, on the order of 5 RJ wide in the ˜400 RJ wide > 9000 RJ long magnetotail; the Solar Wind Around Pluto plasma instrument measurements show coherent structures on a much larger scale (˜500 RJ) in the same region.

Hill, Matthew E.; Haggerty, Dennis K.; McNutt, Ralph L.; Paranicas, Christopher P.

2009-11-01

237

Probabilistic models of the Jovian magnetopause and bow shock locations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

New three-dimensional models of the Jovian magnetopause and bow shock were derived by combining spacecraft observations with boundary characteristics inferred from a magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulation. The MHD simulation provides polynomial forms parameterized by solar wind dynamic pressure. Observations from Pioneer 10 and 11, Voyager 1 and 2, Ulysses, and Galileo were used to establish the probability that regions surrounding Jupiter fall inside or outside these boundary surfaces. The magnetopause location was found to have a bimodal probability distribution with the two most probable standoff distances at 63 RJ (? = 4 RJ) and 92 RJ (? = 6 RJ). The bow shock location distribution appears bimodal, but a single distribution function description cannot be ruled out at the 95% confidence level. The mean bow shock standoff distance is 84 RJ (? = 16 RJ). Analysis of solar wind measurements near 5.2 AU (interplanetary magnetic field, dynamic pressure, and Alfvén Mach number) suggests that the bimodal distribution of boundary positions results at least in part from the bimodal distribution of solar wind parameters in the vicinity of Jupiter. The probability density distributions of these parameters within and between regions of disturbed solar wind, caused by corotating interaction regions and coronal mass ejections, are statistically distinct. Smaller variations were also observed in these parameters over the solar cycle.

Joy, S. P.; Kivelson, M. G.; Walker, R. J.; Khurana, K. K.; Russell, C. T.; Ogino, T.

2002-10-01

238

Royal jelly ameliorates insulin resistance in fructose-drinking rats.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is known to contain excellent nutrition and a variety of biological activities. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of RJ on insulin resistance (hyperinsulinemia) in fructose-drinking rats (FDR; insulin resistance animal model). Male Wistar rats (6 weeks old) received 15% fructose solution in drinking water for 8 weeks. FDR showed significant increases in plasma levels of insulin and triglyceride, Homeostasis Model Assessment ratio (HOMA-R, an index of insulin resistance), and systolic blood pressure, but not blood glucose levels, when compared with control rats. RJ (100, 300 mg/kg, p.o.) treatment for 8 weeks significantly decreased the plasma levels of insulin and triglyceride, HOMA-R, without affecting blood glucose or total cholesterol levels and tended to lower systolic blood pressure. In isolated and perfused mesenteric vascular beds of FDR, RJ treatment resulted in a significant reduction in sympathetic nerve-mediated vasoconstrictor response to periarterial nerve stimulation (PNS) and tended to increase the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) nerve-mediated vasodilator response to PNS, compared with those in untreated FDR. However, RJ treatment did not significantly affect norepinephrine-induced vasoconstriction or CGRP-induced vasodilation. These results suggest that RJ could be an effective functional food to prevent insulin resistance associated with the development of hypertension. PMID:18981581

Zamami, Yoshito; Takatori, Shingo; Goda, Mitsuhiro; Koyama, Toshihiro; Iwatani, Yukiko; Jin, Xin; Takai-Doi, Shima; Kawasaki, Hiromu

2008-11-01

239

Effect of royal jelly in ovo injection on embryonic growth, hatchability, and gonadotropin levels of pullet breeder chicks.  

PubMed

The objectives of this study were to compare the following: (1) hatchability, (2) chicks' body and internal organs weights, and (3) plasma gonadotropin levels of hatchlings after in ovo administration of royal jelly (RJ) on Day 7 of incubation. Fertile eggs (n = 270) were injected into the air sac or yolk sac with 0.5 mL normal saline solution consisting of four formulations (normal saline solution with antibiotics, ultrafiltrate RJ, pure RJ, and RJ with antibiotics). The eggs were randomly divided into nine groups of 30 eggs each: (i) C: the control eggs received no injection, (ii) ASA: air sac-injected eggs received normal saline solution with antibiotics, (iii) ARJ: air sac-injected eggs received pure RJ, (iv) ARJA: air sac-injected eggs received RJ with antibiotics, (v) ARJF: air sac-injected eggs received RJ ultrafiltrate solution, (vi) YSA: yolk sac-injected eggs received normal saline solution with antibiotics, and (vii) YRJ: yolk sac-injected eggs received pure RJ, (viii) YRJA: yolk sac-injected eggs received RJ with antibiotics, and (ix) YRJF: yolk sac-injected eggs received ultrafiltrate RJ solution. Hatchability rate was lower in ARJ (46.7%), ARJA (43.3%), ARJF (43.3%), and YRJF (46.7%) groups than in the control (80.0%; P < 0.05). Hatchability rate in ASA (70.0%), YSA (66.7%), YRJ (66.7%), and YRJA (63.3%) groups were comparable to the control (P > 0.05). In ovo injection of RJ and or RJ with antibiotics in both sacs increased chicks' body weight (CWT), heart weight (HWT), and liver weight (LWT) and FSH and LH levels compared with control (P < 0.05). CWT in YRJ (37.02 g), YRJA (37.03 g), ARJ (36.82 g), and ARJA (36.89 g) groups were higher than control (34.9 g; P < 0.05). Similarly, HWT significantly increased in YRJ (0.22 g), YRJA (0.21 g), ARJ (0.20 g), and ARJA (0.20 g) in comparison to control (0.18 g; P < 0.05). In addition, LWT were higher in YRJ (0.83 g), YRJA (0.82g), ARJ (0.81g), and ARJA (0.81g) than control (0.72 g; P < 0.05). Six hours post-hatch, the mean plasma FSH and LH levels in ARJ (1.13 and 2.80 mIu/mL), YRJ (1.32 and 3.36 mIu/mL), ARJA (1.23 and 2.95 mIu/mL), and YRJA (1.31 and 3.28 mIu/mL) groups were higher than in the control (0.56 and 1.48 mIu/mL, P < 0.05). We concluded that in ovo administration of RJ or RJ with antibiotics might be an effective method to increase CWT, chicks' internal organs weights, and LH and FSH secretion rate without deleterious effect on hatchability. However, further research should be conducted to determine the putative endocrine disruptive effects of RJ and its byproducts. PMID:23726295

Moghaddam, Aliasghar; Karimi, Isaac; Borji, Mohsen; Bahadori, Sirous; Abdolmohammadi, Alireza

2013-05-29

240

Royal jelly increases collagen production in rat skin after ovariectomy.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is a honeybee product that contains proteins, carbohydrates, fats, free amino acids, vitamins, and minerals. RJ has been reported to have antitumor, antibacterial, and wound-healing activities. We previously reported that RJ enhanced the migration of human dermal fibroblasts and altered the levels of cholesterol and sphinganine in an in vitro wound-healing model in addition to regulating skin photoaging following exposure to ultraviolet-B radiation. We established an animal model of skin aging in the context of estrogen deficiency and assessed the antiaging effects of RJ on skin. To establish an in vivo model of skin aging, bilateral ovariectomies were performed in 12-week-old virgin female Sprague-Dawley rats. Induction of osteoporosis was confirmed through two-dimensional images of the trabecular bone in the left femoral necks using microcomputed tomography. The protective effects of RJ ovariectomy-induced skin aging were examined by determining the protein expression of type I procollagen and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-1. The collagen content and epidermal thickness of skin tissue were measured by staining techniques. There was a significant difference in weight between sham-operated and ovariectomized groups. Food efficiency ratio did not differ significantly among the groups. The level of procollagen type I protein was increased in the dorsal skin of ovariectomized rats fed with a dietary supplement containing 1% RJ extract, but the level of MMP-1 was not altered. In particular, the amount of collagen recovered was close to the normal level. RJ may protect against skin aging by enhancing collagen production in rats with ovariectomy-induced estrogen deficiency. PMID:22468645

Park, Hye Min; Cho, Min Hyoung; Cho, Yunhi; Kim, Sun Yeou

2012-04-02

241

Jupiter's H +3 Emissions Viewed in Corrected Jovimagnetic Coordinates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The distribution of H +3 emissions in Jupiter's polar region is interpreted in terms of the corresponding source regions and the energetic in the magnetosphere by reference to corrected jovimagnetic coordinates based on the VIP4 magnetic field model of J. E. P. Connerney et al. (1998, J. Geophys. Res. 103, 11929-11939). Two sets of 3.43-?m auroral images, acquired on May 31/June 1, 1996, and on July 8/July 9, 1996, using NSFCAM at NASA IRTF, were analyzed. Model images were generated for observed rotation phases, and the generalized inverse methodology of T. Satoh et al. (1996, Icarus 122, 1-23) is applied to pixel-by-pixel comparison of intensities to constrain the parameters of the emission source model. The most intense emissions are found between the 12- Rj (jovian radii) and 30- Rj ovals, representing the main auroral emissions. The System-III longitudes (? III) of peak brightness in this zone, ? III ˜ 260° in the north and ˜130° in the south, coincide well with those of the minimum surface field magnitudes according to the VIP4 model. Between the 8- Rj and the 12- Rj ovals, the peak brightness occurs at ? III ˜ 215° in the north and at ˜ 25° in the south, consistent with the Satoh et al. (1996) System-III anomalies. These enhancements may originate from the "windshield wiper" effects of drifting electrons, caused by pitch angle scattering of varying efficiency from the inner to the distant magnetosphere. The total power emitted from the entire auroral region by the H +3 ion at all ro-vibrational levels is estimated as 2.1×10 12 W in the north, and 1.2×10 12 W in the south. Relative contributions from the individual zones are ˜10% from the 6- to 8- Rj zone, ˜20% from the 8- to 12- Rj zone, ˜25% from the 12- to 30- Rj zone, and ˜ 45% from the polar-cap emission, respectively.

Satoh, Takehiko; Connerney, J. E. P.

1999-10-01

242

Oral BG-12 (dimethyl fumarate) for relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis: a review of DEFINE and CONFIRM Evaluation of: Gold R, Kappos L, Arnold D, et al. Placebo-controlled phase 3 study of oral BG-12 for relapsing multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Med 2012;367:1098-107; and Fox RJ, Miller DH, Phillips JT, et al. Placebo-controlled phase 3 study of oral BG-12 or glatiramer in multiple sclerosis. N Engl J Med 2012;367:1087-97.  

PubMed

Introduction: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune neurodegenerative disease of the central nervous system involving inflammation, chronic demyelination and axonal loss. MS affects more than 2 million people worldwide. Areas covered: This article aims to summarize the findings from two pivotal 2-year, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase III studies of BG-12 (dimethyl fumarate) for relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS): DEFINE (Determination of the Efficacy and Safety of Oral Fumarate in RRMS) and CONFIRM (Comparator and an Oral Fumarate in RRMS). Results from both studies demonstrated that BG-12 provides clinical and radiological efficacy over 2 years across a range of outcomes. These results were apparent as early as 12 weeks and sustained over the course of both studies. BG-12 was found to have an acceptable safety profile, with a similar overall incidence of adverse events across all treatment groups. Expert opinion: The combination of robust efficacy, ease of administration and established safety profile is unique to a new therapy in MS. Findings from the pivotal Phase III studies support BG-12 as a potential initial oral treatment for patients with RRMS or as an alternative to other currently available therapies. PMID:23971970

Havrdova, Eva; Hutchinson, Michael; Kurukulasuriya, Nuwan C; Raghupathi, Kartik; Sweetser, Marianne T; Dawson, Katherine T; Gold, Ralf

2013-08-24

243

Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. XI. CoRoT-8b: a hot and dense sub-Saturn around a K1 dwarf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aims: We report the discovery of CoRoT-8b, a dense small Saturn-class exoplanet that orbits a K1 dwarf in 6.2 days, and we derive its orbital parameters, mass, and radius. Methods: We analyzed two complementary data sets: the photometric transit curve of CoRoT-8b as measured by CoRoT and the radial velocity curve of CoRoT-8 as measured by the HARPS spectrometer. Results: We find that CoRoT-8b is on a circular orbit with a semi-major axis of 0.063 ± 0.001 AU. It has a radius of 0.57 ± 0.02 RJ, a mass of 0.22 ± 0.03 MJ, and therefore a mean density of 1.6 ± 0.1 g cm-3. Conclusions: With 67% of the size of Saturn and 72% of its mass, CoRoT-8b has a density comparable to that of Neptune (1.76 g cm-3). We estimate its content in heavy elements to be 47-63 {M}_?, and the mass of its hydrogen-helium envelope to be 7-23 {M}_?. At 0.063 AU, the thermal loss of hydrogen of CoRoT-8b should be no more than 0.1% over an assumed integrated lifetime of 3 Ga. Observations made with SOPHIE spectrograph at Observatoire de Haute Provence, France (PNP.07B.MOUT), and the HARPS spectrograph at ESO La Silla Observatory (081.C-0388 and 083.C-0186). The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27, 2006, has been developed and is operated by the CNES with the contribution of Austria, Belgium, Brasil, ESA, Germany, and Spain.Both data sets are available in electronic form at the CDS via anonymous ftp to cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr (130.79.128.5) or via http://cdsarc.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/qcat?J/A+A/520/A66

Bordé, P.; Bouchy, F.; Deleuil, M.; Cabrera, J.; Jorda, L.; Lovis, C.; Csizmadia, S.; Aigrain, S.; Almenara, J. M.; Alonso, R.; Auvergne, M.; Baglin, A.; Barge, P.; Benz, W.; Bonomo, A. S.; Bruntt, H.; Carone, L.; Carpano, S.; Deeg, H.; Dvorak, R.; Erikson, A.; Ferraz-Mello, S.; Fridlund, M.; Gandolfi, D.; Gazzano, J.-C.; Gillon, M.; Guenther, E.; Guillot, T.; Guterman, P.; Hatzes, A.; Havel, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lammer, H.; Léger, A.; Mayor, M.; Mazeh, T.; Moutou, C.; Pätzold, M.; Pepe, F.; Ollivier, M.; Queloz, D.; Rauer, H.; Rouan, D.; Samuel, B.; Santerne, A.; Schneider, J.; Tingley, B.; Udry, S.; Weingrill, J.; Wuchterl, G.

2010-09-01

244

Freeze-dried royal jelly maintains its developmental and physiological bioactivity in Drosophila melanogaster.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ), a honeybee-derived product, has been found to possess developmental and physiological bioactivity in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, but little is known about the in vivo bioactivity of freeze-dried RJ (FDRJ) powder, which is another form of RJ processed for human use. To address this, we used Drosophila as a model animal to examine the effects of FDRJ in multicellular organisms. When flies were reared on food supplemented with FDRJ, the developmental time from larva to adult was shortened, the adult male lifespan was prolonged, and female fecundity was increased without any significant morphological alterations. Moreover, the expression of dilp5, an insulin-like peptide, its receptor InR, and the nutrient sensing molecule TOR, the target of rapamycin, was significantly increased in FDRJ-fed female flies as compared with ones reared on standard and on protein-enriched food. These findings suggest that like RJ, FDRJ maintains its bioactivity even after processing from RJ, what is expected to have bioactivity for multicellular organisms, including humans. PMID:23132575

Kayashima, Yasunari; Yamanashi, Keiko; Sato, Ayaka; Kumazawa, Shigenori; Yamakawa-Kobayashi, Kimiko

2012-11-07

245

The efficacy of topical royal jelly on healing of diabetic foot ulcers: a double-blind placebo-controlled clinical trial.  

PubMed

Foot ulcers are major sources of morbidity in individuals with diabetes mellitus. As royal jelly (RJ, a worker honey bee product) contains enzymatic, antibacterial and vasodilative properties, it can potentially help healing diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of topical RJ on healing of DFUs. Diabetic patients with foot ulcers who were referred to us at Khorshid Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, were managed by offloading, infection control, vascular improvement and debridement (if required). Then, all ulcers were randomly selected to receive either 5% sterile topical RJ or placebo on their total surface area. Patients were followed for 3?months or until complete healing. Twenty-five patients (6 females and 19 males) and a total of 64 ulcers were included and randomly allocated in case or control group (32 per group). Four ulcers were excluded and 60 ulcers included in final analysis. Healing parameters including depth, length and width reduction rate, duration of complete healing and incidence of complete healing did not prove any significant difference (P?=?0·69, 0·95, 0·7, 0·74 and 0·6, respectively) between groups. We did not observe any side effect of topical RJ application. This study could not confirm any significant superiority of 5% topical RJ on placebo for treatment of DFUs. PMID:23566071

Siavash, Mansour; Shokri, Saeideh; Haghighi, Sepehr; Shahtalebi, Mohammad Ali; Farajzadehgan, Ziba

2013-04-01

246

Programa ACHEI: Atenção ao Chagásico com Educação Integral no Município de Maringá e Região Noroeste do Paraná, Brasil The ACHEI Program: Chagas' Disease Awareness through Comprehensive Education in the Municipality of Maringá, Northwest Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study analyzes 131 chagasic patients from different endemic areas that came to the Chagas' disease laboratory at the Maringa State University. The subjects discovered they were infected principally because they presented symptoms (58%) or donated blood (29.4%). During etiologic treatment for Trypanosoma cruzi, 45.2% of benznidazole users complained of side effects. Based on these data, the ACHEI p rogram

Silvana Marques de Araújo; Míriam Hitomi Andó; Dirceu José Cassarotti; Silvana Maria Ribeiro Borges; Mônica Lúcia Gomes

2000-01-01

247

Avaliação da utilização de dentifrícios fluoretados em pré-escolares na cidade de João Pessoa - Paraíba - Brasil Evaluation of the use of fluoride dentrifice by preeschool in João Pessoa - Paraíba - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Key-words Este estudo objetivou avaliar a utilização de dentifrícios fluoretados por crianças de 2 a 5 anos de idade, em creches e escolas na cidade de João Pessoa-PB. Os dados foram obtidos através de um questionário dirigido aos pais\\/responsáveis pelas crianças que utilizam dentifrícios fluoretados. A amostra constou de 296 questionários, sendo aplicado em 168 crianças de instituições públicas e

Sabrina Sales; Lins de Albuquerque; Maria Germana Galvão; Correia Lima; Fábio Correia

248

Arquitetura e desempenho luminoso: CENPES II, o novo centro de pesquisas da Petrobras, no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Tel.: (11) 3091-4681 E-mail: annamiana@uol.com.br This paper presents the results of the performance evaluation in terms of daylighting of the Petrobras New Research Centre (CENPES II) building design in the tropical climate of Rio Janeiro, Brazil, under a typical partially cloudy and bright sky. The architectural design encompasses an área over 100,000 m2, distributed among ten new buildings. According to

Norberto Corrêa; Silva Moura; Anna Christina Mian; Denise Helena Silva Duarte; Norberto Corrêa da Silva

249

Registros documentados de cinco novos trinta-réis (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) no estado do Ceará, nordeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Documented records of five terns (Charadriiformes: Sternidae) new for the State of Ceará, north-east Brazil. We present new records, based on museum specimens and\\/or photographs, of five species of Sternidade for the State of Ceará in north- east Brazil, namely, Black Noddy Anous minutus (apparently the first from Brazilian mainland), Least Tern Sternula antillarum, Black Tern Chlidonias niger, Arctic Tern

Weber Girão; Ciro Albano; Alberto A. Campos; Thieres Pinto; Caio J. Carlos

250

Estrutura e dinâmica de uma população de Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. em floresta higrófila do sudeste do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Population structure and dynamics of Calophyllum brasiliense Camb. in a swamp forest in Southeastern Brazil). Age and spatial structures of a population of Calophyllum brasiliense (Clusiaceae) were studied in a 3600 m2 area of a swamp forest in Brotas, São Paulo State. During the first census, 1658 plants were tagged and after one year this number increased to 1706. Age

MÁRCIA C. M. MARQUES; CARLOS ALFREDO JOLY

2000-01-01

251

Estrutura e dinâmica do componente arbóreo em área de cabruca na região cacaueira do sul da Bahia, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

. A maioria das árvores pertenceu a espécies de florestas maduras, mas os novos indivíduos recrutados foram quase todos de espécies pioneiras. A estimativa de riqueza total (Chao) foi de 110 espécies, com redução de 20 espécies durante o período. Os resultados confirmaram as indicações de que as cabrucas representam um importante banco de espécies arbóreas nativas, mas estão sendo

Regina Helena Rosa Sambuichi; Rosa Sambuichi

2006-01-01

252

Título: Dinâmica espacial da renda per capita e crescimento entre os Municípios da região Nordeste do Brasil – uma analise markoviana  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract: This paper presents new insights on the debate aboutincome,convergence,between,cities in Northeast Brazil. In the first part, economic growth models are investigated. New-classical models indicate the possibility of poverty ,trap – consumption ,below the ,poverty ,line and ,negative growth ,– and polarisation. In contrast, endogenous growth models, which employ the technology and the human capital as endogenous variables, suggest the

Eduardo Pontual Ribeiro

253

Agrotóxicos e seus efeitos sócio-culturais: Zona Rural doValão de São Lourenço, Santa Teresa, ES, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo Neste trabalho, foram investigados fatores sócio- culturais dos trabalhadores rurais da região do Valão de São Lourenço que provavelmente poderiam influenciar na incidência de doenças relacionadas ao uso inadequado de agrotóxicos. A amostra populacional foi de 10 famílias, nas quais 25 indivíduos foram entrevistados e aos quais foram aplicados questionários individuais. Entre os homens maiores de 25 anos, apenas

Lorena CC Fehlberg; Leonardo V Lutz; Adriana H Moreira

254

Traços de auto-organização: um estudo de caso na indústria de calçados em Fortaleza - Ceará - Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research intends to identify the features of auto-organization through the study of a case in the shoe industry in the city of Fortaleza - Brazil. Graphics and diagrams were elaborated as a casual link, to identify circular connections, to imply as a feature of auto-organization in the process of: 1) physic flow of raw material and finished products; 2)

Alexandre Gomes Galindo; Alexandre Araujo; Cavalcante Soares; Fabrício Augusto; Freitas Melo; Carlos Artur Sobreira Rocha

255

OCORRÊNCIA DE TARPON ATLANTICUS (VALENCIENNES, 1846) (PISCES: MEGALOPIDAE) NA BAÍA DE TODOS OS SANTOS (ESTADO DA BAHIA,BRASIL)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The presence of Tarpon atlanticus (Valenciennes, 1846) is recorded for the first time inside the Todos os Santos Bay (State of Bahia, Brazil). Five specimens were analized, measuring between 210,95 and 226,00mm in total length, collected near the mouth of Dorneles River (Araripe de Baixo Beach), Saubara Municipality (13ºS - 39ºW). Morphometric and meristic data, as well as a diagnosis,

Paulo Roberto Duarte Lopes; Marconi Porto Sena

256

FORMAÇÃO DE PREÇOS NO SETOR SUCROALCOOLEIRO DA REGIÃO CENTRO-SUL DO BRASIL: RELAÇÃO COM O MERCADO DE COMBUSTÍVEL FÓSSIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of this study is the construction and estimation of an analytical model which is able to explain the behavior of prices of products from the sugar and alcohol industries, taking into account the recent interrelationship observed between these sectors and the fossil fuel products when the hydrated alcohol has been considered a substitute for the C-gasoline. The methodology

Mirian Rumenos Piedade Bacchi

2005-01-01

257

Adesão às precauções padrão pela equipe do atendimento pré-hospitalar móvel de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This was a cross-sectional study of workers in the pre-hospital care team in Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais State, Brazil, aimed at evaluating adherence to precautions. The study instrument included questions on knowledge, attitudes, and facilitating factors for adherence to standard precautions. Adherence was verified by percentage of adequacy: > 75 percent correct answers. Drivers showed the lowest degree of knowledge

Aline Cristine; Adriana Cristina Oliveira; Jussara Teixeira Silva; Maria Henriqueta Rocha

2008-01-01

258

Mamíferos carnívoros e sua relação com a diversidade de hábitats no Parque Nacional dos Aparados da Serra, sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carnivore mammals and their relation with habitat diversity in Aparados da Serra National Park, southern Brazil. A survey of carnivore mammals was accomplished in Aparados da Serra National Park from February 1998 to March 2000. The park has 10,250 ha and is considered a biodiversity core area of the Atlantic Forest Biosphere Reserve in the Rio Grande do Sul State,

Maria de Fátima M. dos Santos; Mateus Pellanda; Ana Cristina Tomazzoni; Heinrich Hasenack; Sandra Maria Hartz

2004-01-01

259

Predação de Opisthocomus hoazin por Spizaetus ornatus e de Bubulcus ibis por Bubo virginianus em Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Predation of Cattle Egret by the Great Horned Owl and Hoazin by the Ornate Hawk-Eagle in western Tocantins State, Brazil. We report the predation of Hoazin Opisthocomus hoazin by an immature Ornate Hawk-Eagle Spizaetus ornatus, a new prey for this species in Brazil. The Ornate Hawk-Eagle roosted together with Hoazin assembly in branches of Sapium haematospermum, typical river borderline vegetation.

Túlio Dornas; Renato Torres Pinheiro

260

ANÁLISE ECONOMÉTRICA DO CONSUMO DE AÇAÍ NO EVIEWS 3.1 NA REGIÃO METROPOLITANA DE BELÉM – PARÁ – BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

O estudo descrito neste trabalho pretende realizar uma análise econométrica a cerca do consumo de açaí, fruto regional de alto consumo pelos Paraenses, realizada na região metropolitana de Belém no Eviews 3.1 utilizando a relação do consumo com algumas variáveis definidas para a pesquisa (preço da farinha de tapioca, da farinha, das despesas familiares com alimentação e quantidade de pessoas

Carlos Gilberto Vieira da Silva Júnior; Edivaldo Lima Sousa Filho; Rafaela Casseb e Silva; Heriberto Wagner Amanajás Pena

2012-01-01

261

Perfil das creches de uma cidade de porte médio do sul do Brasil: operação, cuidados, estrutura física e segurança  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ninety-two daycare centers (23 public, 10 charitable, and 59 private) were identified in the municipality of Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul, Southern Brazil. These centers were studied in relation to their organization, services, child-care practices, and infrastructure. All public cen- ters worked full-time, while most private centers operated in the afternoon and received a small- er proportion of children under

Aluísio J. D. Barros; Evandro V. Gonçalves; Cátia R. S. de Borba; Cláudia S. Lorenzatto; Débora B. Motta; Vera Regina L. da Silva; Viviane M. Schiroky

1999-01-01

262

Detecção de aglomerados espaciais de óbitos por causas violentas em Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, 1996  

Microsoft Academic Search

Violence is of major importance in the health profile of Brazilian metropolitan areas and should be treated as a public health problem. Spatial analysis methods can be highly useful for the surveillance and prevention of violence. This paper analyzes the spatial distribution of victims' place of residence in relation to the main causes of violent death in Porto Alegre (1996)

Simone M. Santos; Christovam Barcellos; Marilia Sá Carvalho; Rui Flôres

2001-01-01

263

The Effect of an Organic Pesticide on Mortality and Learning in Africanized Honey Bees (Apis mellifera L.) in Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seven experiments were conducted. First, the influence of the consumption of different concentrations of the organic pesticide Bioganic ® on mortality was assessed at 11 different time intervals in Africanized honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) as was direct application of the pesticide to the abdomen. Results indicated that the pesticide was not lethal to bees regardless of concentration at any

Charles I. Abramson; Jordan B. Singleton; Maritza K. Wilson; Paulo A. Wanderley

2006-01-01

264

AVALIAÇÃO DE PROCEDÊNCIAS E PROGÊNIES DE LIQUIDAMBAR DA AMÉRICA CENTRAL, DO MÉXICO E DOS ESTADOS UNIDOS, EM AGUDOS, BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Foi instalado um teste de procedência e progênie de Liquidambar styraciflua L. em Agudos, SP, em solo de areia quartzosa. Os materiais genéticos foram fornecidos pelo Oxford Forestry Institute, incluindo doze procedências da Guatemala, Honduras, Nicarágua, México e dos Estados Unidos, sendo testados juntamente com uma testemunha local, com duas a dez progênies por procedência. Medições efetuadas dos quatro até

Jarbas Y. Shimizu; Ivana H. Z. Spir

265

Os Fitólitos em Gramíneas de Dunas do Extremo Sul do Brasil: Variabilidade Morfológica e Importância nas Reconstruções Paleoambientais Costeiras  

Microsoft Academic Search

The phytoliths, produced by monocotiledonous plants and preserved in the Quaternary sediments in the coastal plains are important indicators for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Present day, the using of phytoliths for the Quaternary studies in the coastal areas in Brazil has not been elaborated yet. The persuasive implications of phytoliths will be made on the base of reference collection of phytoliths obtained

2008-01-01

266

Notas sobre Fitólitos em Androtrichum trigynum (Spr.) Pfeiffer no Extremo Sul do Brasil: Tipos Morfológicos e uso nas Paleoreconstruções Costeiras  

Microsoft Academic Search

Convincing recognition of dispersed in the quaternary sediments phytoliths could be made using reference collection of phytoliths from the parent extant plants. In this work, phytoliths produced by one psammophylous species of sedge Androtrichum trigynum, an endemic species, in dunes and interdunes in the coastal plains of the South America, were described. The main morphological types of phytoliths for this

267

FEMINIZAÇÃO DO MAGISTÉRIO NO BRASIL: O QUE RELATAM OS PARECERES DO PRIMEIRO CONGRESSO DA INSTRUÇÃO DO RIO DE JANEIRO  

Microsoft Academic Search

The objective of the present article is to reflect on the process of feminization of the professorship, taking as base of the documentary research the analysis of a primary source that in general portrays sources of the educational and expresses Brazilian thoughts and the ideas in circulation on the education detaching specifically the relative questions the feminization of the professorship

Juliana Keller Nogueira

268

Dogmatism and the "Knowledge Gap" among Users of the Mass Media of Communication: A Study in Brasilia, Brasil.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A study was conducted to discover whether (1) use of each of the print and broadcast media could be correlated with subjects' knowledge level, and (2) whether controlling for dogmatism would increase the proportion of media users, with higher levels of knowledge among those less dogmatic, and decrease the proportion among the more dogmatic.…

Simmons, Robert E.; Garda, Eduardo Carlos

269

FLORA DE INSELBERGS DA REGIÃO DE MILAGRES, BAHIA, BRASIL: I. CARACTERIZAÇÃO DA VEGETAÇÃO E LISTA DE ESPÉCIES DE DOIS INSELBERGS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Flora of the Inselbergs of the Milagres region, state of Bahia, Brazil: I. Vegetational aspects and checklist of two Inselbergs). This work is a contribution to the vascular flora of inselbergs. The study area is situated in the municipality of Itatim (region of Mila- gres) in the semi-arid region of the state of Bahia, Brazil. Two inselbergs 20km apart from

Flávio França; Efigênia de Melo; Cosme Correia dos Santos

270

Flutuação populacional de Grapholita molesta (Busck) com armadilhas de feromônio sexual na cultura do pessegueiro em Bento Gonçalves, RS, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Seasonal fluctuation of male Grapholita molesta (Busck, 1916) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) was evaluated in two commercial peach orchards cv Chiripá in Bento Gonçalves, RS, from June of 2000 to July of 2002. The insects were evaluated weekly using Delta traps (two\\/orchard) baited with commercial synthetic sex pheromone (E-8-dodecenil- acetato + Z-8-dodecenil-acetato + Z-8-dodecenol). Four peaks were observed during peach production period:

Cristiano João Arioli; Geraldo Andrade Carvalho; Marcos Botton

2005-01-01

271

Confusão sexual para o controle de Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), em pomares de macieira, em Fraiburgo (SC), Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

MATING DISRUPTION FOR THE CONTROL OF Grapholita molesta (LEPIDOPTERA: TORTRICIDAE), IN FRAIBURGO, SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL The control of Grapholita molesta (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) was assessed by using the mating disruption technique in an apple orchard in Fraiburgo, SC. Quant G.m. synthetic pheromone formulation (400 mg of (Z\\/E) - 8 - dodecenyl acetate 14% p\\/v) was used, with 500 dispensers per hectare,

Lino B. Monteiro; Alexandre de Souza; Luiz Belli

2008-01-01

272

PRÁTICAS CULTURAIS DE CUIDADOS DE MULHERES MÃES DE RECÉM-NASCIDOS DE RISCO DO SUL DO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumen Nowadays, the issues related to woman health, seek to get a new integrality focus. It will be able to go beyond the limited effects of a biomedical model in health. Not considering the life experience and cultural aspects of the women and their family. This study aimed to understand the influence of the cultural context during pregnancy and in

Maria de Lourdes; Denardin Budó; Eliane Tatsch Neves; Marcio Rossato Badke

273

Transición en el consumo alimentario de preescolares en la ciudad de São Paulo, Brasil (1984\\/85 - 1995\\/96)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results: There was an increase in medium food intake of powdered milk (31,23%), thickeners (32,53%), choco- late powdered (74,24%), cookies (52,49%), sugar (76,75%), and a reduction of bread intake (21,29%). The energy contribution from cookies, chocolate powders and sugar has increased. The most frequent ingested food of 1984\\/1985 were sugar, breads and milk and in 1995\\/ 1996 breads, fruits and

S. Tucunduva

274

ESTRUTURA FLORAL DAS ANGIOSPERMAS USADAS POR HELICONIUS ERATO PHYLLIS (LEPIDOPTERA, NYMPHALIDAE) NO RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRASIL1  

Microsoft Academic Search

FLOWER STRUCTURE OF ANGIOSPERMS USED BY HELICONIUS ERATO PHYLLIS (LEPIDOPTERA, NYMPHALIDAE) IN RIO GRANDE DO SUL STATE, BRAZIL. A field survey of flowering plants used as food resource by the adults of Heliconius erato phyllis (Fabricius, 1775) was carried out in four sites located in Rio Grande do Sul state, Brazil. Samples were taken in preserved areas of the Atlantic

Claudine A. Corrêa; Bruno E. Irgang; Gilson R. P. Moreira

275

Ocorrência e coleta de colônias e de enxames de abelhas africanizadas na zona urbana de Maringá, Estado do Paraná, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Occurrence and collection of Africanized honeybee swarm and colonies on the urbane zone of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil. During the last years, a great number of swarms of Africanized honey bees migrated to the urban zone of Maringá, Paraná State, Brazil, causing a great concern, mainly in those who live at home with children, elderly and allergic people. This study

Vagner De Alencar Arnaut de Toledo; Fábio Luiz Buranelo Toral; Sidnei Bueno de Miranda; Adilson Shiraishi; Juliano Hideo Hashimoto; Waldirene Rossi da Silva

2006-01-01

276

Dinâmica da alimentação natural de Callinectes danae Smith (Decapoda, Portunidae) na Lagoa da Conceição, Florianôpolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

FEEDING NATURAL DYNAMICS OF Callinectes danae SMITH (DECAPODA, PORTUNIDAE) FROM LAGOA DA CONCEIÇÃO, FLORIANÓPOLIS, SANTA CATARINA, BRAZIL. From March\\/91 to February\\/92 monthly collection surveys were carried out to obtain basic information about the dynamics of feeding and trophic spectrum of C. danae Smith, 1869. A total of 456 males and 527 females were caught. The diet of the species was

Joaquim Olinto Branco; José Roberto Verani

1997-01-01

277

Aspectos morfofisiológicos e conteúdo de óleo essencial de plantas de alfazema-do-Brasil em função de níveis de sombreamento  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphophysiological aspects and essential oil content in Brazilian-lavender as affected by shadowing Changes in the anatomical and physiologic characteristics and in the production of essential oil of medicinal plants under influence of different radiation conditions have been demonstrated. The objective of this study was to characterize the variation in the anatomical and physiologic characteristics, and in the essential oil content

José Eduardo BP Pinto; Júlio César W Cardoso; Evaristo M de Castro; Suzan Kelly V Bertolucci; Lucas A de Melo; Sara Dousseau

2007-01-01

278

Mapping of a gene in Vibrio cholerae that determines the antigenic structure of cholera toxin.  

PubMed Central

In Ouchterlony-type immunodiffusion gels, the cholera toxin produced by the classical Vibrio cholerae strain 569B was indistinguishable from the cholera toxin of the Eltor strain RJ1. However, the cholera toxin produced by both of these strains was incompletely cross-reactive with the cholera toxin produced by the Eltor strain 3083-2. The allele of the gene responsible for the 569B and RJ1 type of toxin was designated vct-1, and the allele responsible for the 3083-2 type of toxin was designated vct-2. The vct-1 allele was transferred from RJ1 donors to 3083-2 recipients by conjugation. The vct locus was found to be between met and trp on the V. cholerae linkage map. Images

Saunders, D W; Schanbacher, K J; Bramucci, M G

1982-01-01

279

Junction resistance, tunnel magnetoresistance ratio, and spin-transfer torque in Zn-doped magnetic tunnel junctions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report an extensive theoretical investigation of impurity doping and alloying effects to spin-polarized quantum tunneling in Fe/MgO/Fe magnetic tunneling junctions. We find that with proper impurity atoms, an optimal device characteristic regime can be established where the junction resistance RJ is nonlinearly quenched while the tunnel magnetoresistance ratio (TMR) is only linearly reduced. As a consequence, the spin transfer torque is significantly increased by a factor similar to the RJ reduction. We search for this optimal device regime using first-principles calculations by doping MgO with different impurity atoms. We predict that Zn has the desired property due to a well-balanced effect of producing gap states that mediate charge transport, thus quenching RJ, and producing relatively weak interchannel coupling to alleviate the detrimental diffusive scattering effect on the TMR.

Liu, Dongping; Han, Xiufeng; Guo, Hong

2012-06-01

280

A multi-wavelength analysis of the WASP-12 planetary system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

WASP-12 is a 2 Gyr old solar type star, hosting WASP-12b, one of the most irradiated transiting planets currently known. We observed WASP-12 in the UV with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph (COS) on HST. The light curves we obtained in the three covered UV wavelength ranges, all of which contain many photospheric absorption lines, imply effective radii of 2.69+/-0.24 RJ, 2.18+/-0.18 RJ, and 2.66+/-0.22 RJ, suggesting that the planet is surrounded by an absorbing cloud which overfills the Roche lobe. We clearly detected enhanced transit depths at the wavelengths of the MgII h&k resonance lines. Spectropolarimetric analysis of the host star was also performed. We found no global magnetic field, but there were hints of atmospheric pollution, which might be connected to the very unusual activity of the host star.

Fossati, Luca; Haswell, Carole A.; Froning, Cynthia S.

2011-11-01

281

Rapid assessment of cardiac contractility on a home bathroom scale.  

PubMed

Analyzing systolic time intervals-specifically the preejection-period (PEP)-is widely accepted as one of the few methods for the noninvasive assessment of cardiac contractility. In this paper, we investigated the ballistocardiogram (BCG) as a way to noninvasively measure myocardial contractility when combined with the ECG. Specifically, we derived a parameter from the BCG and ECG that we hypothesized would be highly correlated to PEP. This is the time delay between the J-wave peak of the BCG and the R-wave of the ECG, which we refer to as the RJ interval. The RJ interval was correlated to PEP (r(2) = 0.86) for 2126 heartbeats across ten subjects, with a y-intercept of 138 ms and slope of 1.05. This suggests that the RJ interval can be reliably used as a noninvasive assessment of cardiac contractility. PMID:21843998

Etemadi, Mozziyar; Inan, Omer T; Giovangrandi, Laurent; Kovacs, Gregory T A

2011-08-12

282

Temporal and spatial distribution of high energy electrons at Jupiter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Measurements of the high energy, omni-directional electron environment by the Galileo spacecraft Energetic Particle Detector (EPD) were used to study the high energy electron environment in the Jovian magnetosphere, especially in the region between 8 to 18 Rj (1 Rj = 1 Jovian radius = 71,400 km). 10-minute averages of the EPD data collected between Jupiter orbit insertion (JOI) in 1995 and the orbit number 33 (I33) in 2002 form an extensive dataset, which has been extremely useful to observe temporal and spatial variability of the Jovian high energy electron environment. The count rates of the EPD electron channels (0.174, 0.304, 0.527, 1.5, 2.0, and 11 MeV) were grouped into 0.5 Rj or 0.5 L bins and analyzed statistically. The results indicate that: (1) a log-normal Gaussian distribution well describes the statistics of the high energy electron environment (for example, electron differential fluxes) in the Jovian magnetosphere, in the region studied here; (2) the high energy electron environments inferred by the Galileo EPD measurements are in a close agreement with the data obtained using the Divine model, which was developed more than 30 years ago from Pioneer 10, 11 and Voyager 1, 2 data; (3) the data are better organized when plotted against magnetic radial parameter L than Rj; (4) the standard deviations of the 0.174, 0.304, 0.527 MeV channel count rates are larger than those of the 1.5, 2.0, 11 MeV count rates in <12 Rj, and comparable in >12 Rj. These observations are very helpful to understand short- and long-term, and local variability of the Jovian high energy electron environment, and are discussed in detail.

Jun, I.; Garrett, H. B.; Ratliff, J. M.

2003-04-01

283

Royal jelly (honey bee) is a potential antioxidant against cadmium-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in albino mice.  

PubMed

Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic heavy metal that induces genotoxic damage in the body. Besides, Cd induces oxidative damage in various tissues by altering antioxidant defence enzymes system. In this study, we investigated the protective role of royal jelly (RJ) on Cd-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in mice. For this aim, the micronucleus (MN) test in erythrocytes and exfoliated cells of buccal mucosa and the chromosome aberration (CA) test in bone marrow cells were applied. In addition, the levels of reduced glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) were evaluated in the liver and kidneys. Thirty-six animals were divided into six groups: the control group received distilled water alone, whereas mice in the treatment groups received RJ alone (100 and 250 mg/kg of body weight), Cd alone (2 mg/kg of body weight), and RJ+Cd. Cd toxicity resulted in a significant (P < .05) increase in CAs, abnormal metaphase number, and MN formation. Cd also caused a decrease in mitotic index. Oral administration of RJ at two doses (100 and 250 mg/kg of body weight) showed significant (P < .05) suppression of mutagenic effects of Cd. Moreover, Cd-induced oxidative damage caused a significant decrease in GSH level and a significant increase in MDA level in the liver and kidneys. Treatment with two doses of RJ caused a significant recovery in antioxidant status of GSH and a significant inhibition of MDA production. It could be concluded that RJ has a protective role against Cd-induced genotoxicity and oxidative stress in mice, due to its antioxidant effects. PMID:20041783

Cavu?o?lu, Külti?in; Yapar, Kür?ad; Yalçin, Emine

2009-12-01

284

Natural and Anthropogenic Origin Sulphate in an Mountainous Groundwater System: S and O Isotope Evidences  

Microsoft Academic Search

Concentration of sulphate, ?34S(SO4\\u000a 2?), ?18O(SO4\\u000a 2?) and ?18O(H2O) values, in surface waters and groundwaters from crystalline rocks in mountainous Rudawy Janowickie Massif (RJ) in SW Poland,\\u000a have been analysed. The RJ is located close to the area of the biggest anthropogenic emission source of sulphur compounds\\u000a in Europe called the “Black Triangle”. The lowest concentration of sulphate ions dissolved

Piotr Jezierski; Anna Szynkiewicz; Mariusz-Orion Jsun?drysek

2006-01-01

285

Measurement of the ? production cross section in 920 GeV fixed-target proton–nucleus collisions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The cross section ratio RJ\\/?=Br(??l+l?)?d?(?)\\/dy|y=0\\/?(J\\/?) has been measured with the HERA-B spectrometer in fixed-target proton–nucleus collisions at 920 GeV proton beam energy corresponding to a proton–nucleon c.m.s. energy of s=41.6 GeV. The combined results for the decay channels ??e+e? and ???+?? yield a ratio RJ\\/?=(9.0±2.1)×10?6. The corresponding ? production cross section per nucleon at mid-rapidity (y=0) has been determined to be

I. Abt; M. Adams; H. Albrecht; A. Aleksandrov; V. Amaral; A. Amorim; S. J. Aplin; V. Aushev; Y. Bagaturia; V. Balagura; M. Bargiotti; O. Barsukova; J. Bastos; J. Batista; C. Bauer; Th. S. Bauer; A. Belkov; I. Belotelov; A. Bertin; B. Bobchenko; M. Böcker; A. Bogatyrev; G. Bohm; M. Bräuer; M. Bruinsma; P. Buchholz; T. Buran; J. Carvalho; P. Conde; C. Cruse; M. Dam; K. M. Danielsen; S. De Castro; H. Deppe; X. Dong; H. B. Dreis; V. Egorytchev; K. Ehret; F. Eisele; D. Emeliyanov; S. Essenov; L. Fabbri; P. Faccioli; M. Feuerstack-Raible; J. Flammer; B. Fominykh; M. Funcke; Ll. Garrido; A. Gellrich; B. Giacobbe; J. Gläß; D. Goloubkov; Y. Golubkov; A. Golutvin; I. Golutvin; I. Gorbounov; A. Gorišek; O. Gouchtchine; D. C. Goulart; S. Gradl; W. Gradl; F. Grimaldi; J. Groth-Jensen; Yu. Guilitsky; J. D. Hansen; J. M. Hernández; W. Hofmann; M. Hohlmann; T. Hott; W. Hulsbergen; U. Husemann; O. Igonkina; M. Ispiryan; T. Jagla; C. Jiang; H. Kapitza; S. Karabekyan; N. Karpenko; S. Keller; J. Kessler; F. Khasanov; Yu. Kiryushin; I. Kisel; E. Klinkby; K. T. Knöpfle; H. Kolanoski; S. Korpar; C. Krauss; P. Kreuzer; D. Krücker; S. Kupper; T. Kvaratskheliia; A. Lanyov; K. Lau; B. Lewendel; T. Lohse; B. Lomonosov; R. Männer; S. Masciocchi; I. Massa; I. Matchikhilian; G. Medin; M. Medinnis; A. Michetti; Yu. Mikhailov; R. Mizuk; R. Muresan; M. zur Nedden; M. Negodaev; M. Nörenberg; S. Nowak; M. T. Núñez Pardo de Vera; M. Ouchrif; F. Ould-Saada; C. Padilla; D. Peralta; R. Pernack; R. Pestotnik; B. A. A. Petersen; M. Piccinini; M. Piccinini; M. Poli; V. Popov; D. Pose; S. Prystupa; V. Pugatch; Y. Pylypchenko; J. Pyrlik; K. Reeves; D. Reßing; H. Rick; I. Riu; P. Robmann; I. Rostovtseva; V. Rybnikov; F. Sánchez; A. Sbrizzi; M. Schmelling; B. Schmidt; A. Schreiner; H. Schröder; U. Schwanke; A. J. Schwartz; A. S. Schwarz; B. Schwenninger; B. Schwingenheuer; F. Sciacca; N. Semprini-Cesari; S. Shuvalov; L. Silva; L. Sözüer; S. Solunin; A. Somov; S. Somov; J. Spengler; R. Spighi; A. Spiridonov; M. Stari?; C. Stegmann; H. S. Subramania; M. Symalla; I. Tikhomirov; M. Titov; I. Tsakov; U. Uwer; C. van Eldik; Yu. Vassiliev; M. Villa; A. Vitale; I. Vukotic; H. Wahlberg; A. H. Walenta; M. Walter; J. J. Wang; D. Wegener; U. Werthenbach; H. Wolters; R. Wurth; A. Wurz; Yu. Zaitsev; M. Zavertyaev; G. Zech; T. Zeuner; A. Zhelezov; Z. Zheng; R. Zimmermann; T. Živko; A. Zoccoli

2006-01-01

286

Extrasolar planets in the classroom  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of extrasolar planets is still, in comparison with other astrophysical topics, in its infancy. There have been about 300 or so extrasolar planets detected and their detection has been accomplished by various different techniques. Here we present a simple laboratory experiment to show how planets are detected using the transit technique. Following the simple analysis procedure describe we are able to determine the planetary radius to be 1.27 ± 0.20RJ which, within errors, agrees with the established value of 1.32 ± 0.25RJ.

George, Samuel J.

2011-07-01

287

On the Radii of Brown Dwarfs Measured with AKARI Near-infrared Spectroscopy  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We derive the radii of 16 brown dwarfs observed by AKARI using their parallaxes and the ratios of observed to model fluxes. We find that the brown dwarf radius ranges between 0.64-1.13 RJ with an average radius of 0.83 RJ . We find a trend in the relation between radii and T eff; the radius is at a minimum at T eff ~ 1600 K, which corresponds to the spectral types of mid- to late-L. The result is interpreted by a combination of radius-mass and radius-age relations that are theoretically expected for brown dwarfs older than 108 yr.

Sorahana, S.; Yamamura, I.; Murakami, H.

2013-04-01

288

ASSESSMENT OF TECHNETIUM LEACHABILITY IN CEMENT STABILIZED BASIN 43 GROUNDWATER BRINE  

SciTech Connect

This report is an initial report on the laboratory effort executed under RPP-PLAN-33338, Test Plan for the Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement-Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine. This report delineates preliminary data obtained under subcontract 21065, release 30, from the RJ Lee Group, Inc., Center for Laboratory Sciences. The report is predicated on CLS RPT-816, Draft Report: Assessment of Technetium Leachability in Cement Stabilized Basin 43 Groundwater Brine. This document will be revised on receipt of the final RJ Lee Group, Inc., Center for Laboratory Sciences report, which will contain data subjected to quality control and quality assurance criteria.

COOKE GA; DUNCAN JB; LOCKREM LL

2008-09-30

289

Precise Radius Estimates for the Exoplanets WASP1b and WASP2b  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present precise z-band photometric time series spanning times of transit\\u000aof the two exoplanets recently discovered by the SuperWASP collaboration. We\\u000afind planetary radii of 1.44 +\\/- 0.08 R_J and 1.04 +\\/- 0.06 R_J for WASP-1b and\\u000aWASP-2b, respectively. These error estimates include both random errors in the\\u000aphotometry and also the uncertainty in the stellar masses. Our results

David Charbonneau; Joshua N. Winn; Mark E. Everett; David W. Latham; Matthew J. Holman; Gilbert A. Esquerdo; Francis T. O’Donovan

2006-01-01

290

Three-body contribution to the adsorption potential of atoms on graphite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Calculations are presented of the three-body, triple-dipole (DDD) potential energy V(3)(r) of a noble-gas atom on a graphite surface. V(3)(r) is constructed from a sum over pairs of anisotropic C atoms at Ri and Rj of the DDD interaction u3(r,Ri,Rj). The result for V(3) is positive near the equilibrium position and of order 20% of the empirical well depth D. This term tends to reduce the corrugation of the equipotential surfaces. When incorporated in some model potentials (for He and Ne), the effect of the new term is qualitatively consistent with experimental data.

Kim, Hye-Young; Cole, Milton W.

1987-03-01

291

Antidepressant-Like Activity of 10-Hydroxy-Trans-2-Decenoic Acid, a Unique Unsaturated Fatty Acid of Royal Jelly, in Stress-Inducible Depression-Like Mouse Model  

PubMed Central

Symptoms of depression and anxiety appeared in mice after they had been subjected to a combination of forced swimming for 15?min followed by being kept in cages that were sequentially subjected to leaning, drenching, and rotation within 1-2 days for a total of 3 weeks. The animals were then evaluated by the tail-suspension test, elevated plus-maze test, and open-field test at 1 day after the end of stress exposure. Using these experimental systems, we found that 10-hydroxy-trans-2-decenoic acid (HDEA), an unsaturated fatty acid unique to royal jelly (RJ), protected against the depression and anxiety when intraperitoneally administered once a day for 3 weeks simultaneously with the stress loading. Intraperitoneally administered RJ, a rich source of HDEA, was also protective against the depression, but RJ given by the oral route was less effective. Our present results demonstrate that HDEA and RJ, a natural source of it, were effective in ameliorating the stress-inducible symptoms of depression and anxiety.

Ito, Satoru; Nitta, Yuji; Fukumitsu, Hidefumi; Soumiya, Hitomi; Ikeno, Kumiko; Nakamura, Tadashi; Furukawa, Shoei

2012-01-01

292

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, GENERAL DISINFECTANT ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... ' I ')Ullll~S dhl,lf"I, 1dl>! rw, 'ldll(J11 iJf :,.,HI;' fUI ,I ;r,j",,, I'105(;t5, 'ldlt)d'l" It,,":klldCI,;s, \\cJt)I,: tU,","J, il-,I,'ph'_."I' 11ICJuthplel.l:,>, dl1,i ',,' 'I"'!<" IOf,JS , ...

2011-04-21

293

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, GEIGY SNIP FLY BANDS ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... 1,"·gb, 'c".] .. n r'.::j '~ ?? 'tl":' ._'lr"Hrroal ... l(,,- 1-1'<," L"'.~~ t' r'- .. C~"fc~·_ ..... t ... 1",_" ,~-: ii\\"~~ ~r;,~ 'il '.~·C'll"'c ,.· ? .1' .. t_;~ ..1.", <. _ ..... i ... (PAI-"Ij ...

2011-04-13

294

Application of X-ray Technique to Characterization of Fluorite Sample.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This investigation had the purpose of characterizing fluorite veins of ''Mineracao Sartor'', in Itaborai region/RJ, which is an excelent geographic position in relation to the consuming market. These studies have in view to give subsidy to future works to...

R. Z. L. Cancado O. Luz Ferreira

1986-01-01

295

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, THE ANDERSONS 0.2% ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... _ _ ~~~~W;ltfy~~r~J~~~~~c\\r~N~O~B;~~~~1

2011-04-21

296

Jovian plasma sheet morphology: particle and field observations by the Galileo spacecraft  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present results from an investigation of the plasma sheet encounter signatures observed in the Jovian magnetosphere by the Energetic Particles Detector (EPD) and Magnetometer (MAG) onboard the Galileo spacecraft. Maxima in ion flux were used to identify over 500 spacecraft encounters with the plasma sheet between radial distances from Jupiter from 20 to 140RJ during the first 25 orbits

L. S. Waldrop; T. A. Fritz; M. G. Kivelson; K. Khurana; N. Krupp; A. Lagg

2005-01-01

297

EFFECT OF AN ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MOLINATE ON OVULATION IN THE LONG-EVANS HOODED RAT  

EPA Science Inventory

EFFECT OF AN ACUTE EXPOSURE TO MOLINATE ON OVULATION IN THE LONG-EVANS HOODED RAT. T E Stoker, D L Guidici, S C Jeffay, W K McElroy, S D Perreault and R L Cooper. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, ORD, US EPA, RTP, NC. Sponsor: RJ Kavlock. Molinate, a thiocarbamate ...

298

Collection in Oklahoma of a Rare Fish Species, Notropis chalybaeus (Cyprinidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Alice Echelle and the 1997 OSU Ichthyology class for field assistance and Marsha Williams for help with the manuscript. REFERENCES 1. Miller RJ, Robison HW. The fishes of Oklahoma. Stillwater (OK): Oklahoma State University Press; 1973. 2. Robison HW. Distribution and habitat notes on the ,ironcolor shiner Notropis chalybaeus (Cope) in Arkansas. Proc Ark Acad Sci 1977;31:92-94.

Lance R. Williams; Anthony A. Echelle

1998-01-01

299

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, DIAZINON 500-AG, 05/02 ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... ilulomall( . ~~jl'lo: ~lO<;Ir"lQ ("',.r~1o: ·,alv", 10 [novenl ttlA tlr.w r,t " rj ~',trk Illw;'trrjlh .... "1"(1:"" {'limp 'I TtlA [l(>';!llldA ,,,~,tl'."l" L).p"ltnn mu<;f -l!<,nr, .. ...

2011-04-21

300

Report of the Twenty-First Annual Round Table Meeting on Linguistics and Languages Studies [Bilingualism and Language Contact: Anthropological, Linguistic, Psychological, and Sociological Aspects].  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This report contains 23 papers dealing with various aspects of bilingualism: E. Haugen, "Linguistics and Dialinguistics"; R.J. DiPietro, "The Discovery of Universals in Multilingualism"; J. Macnamara, "Bilingualism and Thought"; J. A. Fishman, "The Politics of Bilingual Education"; V. John, "Cognitive Development in the Bilingual Child"; D.…

Alatis, James E., Ed.

301

Targeting youth and concerned smokers: evidence from Canadian tobacco industry documents  

Microsoft Academic Search

OBJECTIVETo provide an understanding of the targeting strategies of cigarette marketing, and the functions and importance of the advertising images chosen.METHODSAnalysis of historical corporate documents produced by affiliates of British American Tobacco (BAT) and RJ Reynolds (RJR) in Canadian litigation challenging tobacco advertising regulation, the Tobacco Products Control Act (1987): Imperial Tobacco Limitee & RJR-Macdonald Inc c. Le Procurer General

Richard W Pollay

2000-01-01

302

Gasto energético em adultos do município de Niterói, Rio de Janeiro: resultados da Pesquisa de Nutrição, Atividade Física e Saúde - PNAFS Energy expenditure of adults in the city of Niterói, state of Rio de Janeiro: Nutrition, Physical activity and Health Survey - PNAFS  

Microsoft Academic Search

The accurate assessment of energy ex- penditure (EE) and of the physical activity level (PAL) is important for establishing the energy re- quirements (ER) of populations. Little is known about these variables in the Brazilian population. The purpose of the present study was to assess EE and PAL in the adult population (> 20 years) of Niterói, RJ. An adapted

Luiz Antonio dos Anjos; Bianca Catarina; Miranda Ferreira; Vivian Wahrlich

303

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, TRIMEC LIQUID WEED & ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... S FOR U5f, I, '50 a " ;~,\\I ... o) (,/ It" 't'! ,I' ,,1 .... 1.) ,.'e II.:' ~.I(..j,,( t ,n d n .11 rei ,'" r ,n';" '; Ie'" "" I, "'> I ,I' ~.I r"J ~ionAGE--;;te;) IIC,') IICC-I,ng Slc.,t! ,n cr 'J ...

2011-04-14

304

IN THE SUPREME COURT OF CALIFORNIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Mangini v. R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Co. (1994) 7 Cal.4th 1057 (Mangini), this court held that the Federal Cigarette Labeling and Advertising Act (FCLAA) (15 U.S.C. § 1331 et seq.), which regulates tobacco advertising, did not preempt a claim against tobacco companies under the state unfair competition law (Bus. & Prof. Code, § 17200 et seq.) for advertising cigarettes in

Sacramento County

305

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, AMERCOAT 635 ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... u)OJllf:'!/ll"hdt anlitllrr.wt' is stlllladl.; frVIlJ rr!>u!t in po"" ruJht's'jon" !)f/U."t ... air and nuid pn";~tln- rj'~~lliators and a moistuf(· ,ltld 1,;1 trap in till' main air s ...

2011-04-21

306

US EPA, Pesticides, Label, BONIDE FCS 26, 10/6/2010  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... Bonide® FCS 26 Reg. No. 4-478 ... Page 5. I' ( . ~RUSTED ~I~~E ;~26' 10", C\\ [-;- f1 f' r::', r;:J @ ~~ ~;Ii "':~i r J~J 1i~ . ~~ , t::: ~~ t~ :...I / ' - . FCS 26 ...

2011-04-13

307

Resource sharing in university libraries: A tool for information interchange  

Microsoft Academic Search

Experience developed in two university libraries, Advertising and Marketing School of Rio de Janeiro library and Medicine Faculty of Petrópolis library, members of CBIES\\/RJ-resource sharing consortia of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil, with the aim of identifying benefits for both institutions through their participation in the consortia. The main results are as follows: scientific and technological knowledge sharing, cooperative acquisition

Volmer A. Geronimo; Cláudia Aragon

2005-01-01

308

ORGANIZATION, EXPRESSION AND EVOLUTION OF A DISEASE RESISTANCE GENE CLUSTER IN SOYBEAN  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

PCR amplification was previously used to identify a cluster of resistance gene analogs (RGAs) on soybean linkage group J. Resistance to powdery mildew (Rmd-c), Phytophthora stem and root rot (Rps2) and an ineffective nodulation gene (Rj2) map within this cluster. BAC fingerprinting and RGA-specifi...

309

The Odderon and Invariants of Elliptic Curves  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this talk we present some links of the theory of the odderon with elliptic curves. These results were obtained in an earlier work \\\\cite{RJ}. The natural degrees of freedom of the odderon turn out to coincide with conformal invariants of elliptic curves with a fixed `sign'. This leads to a formulation of the odderon which is modular invariant with

Romuald A. Janik

1996-01-01

310

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, LEMON ODOR ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... E,Jt\\ R 1": . .; 1?;- 1.~)-1( :9J EPA ESI No. j6-E·]-NV-l MAY 071984 Lem~n K2~~6~~Pna~~ia~!~~!c~~!~nH,~~~,a.~er ? ~. r[I.··J·I·~r!("!t· ...

2011-04-19

311

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, NOMIX GRASS & WEED ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... HOW¢US HART ... "ie'J:{.~ ~ i".~~' _'~d""t'~'~' p,:, -. h'~~\\ ~C :;'a, · -:J{' ",,tl ar, .Jr~,rat';e :·Ijr', T,. ~.r'J~·' ~r :~~.rat't ::'an:~ :l'{'~'11 S~fa. ...

2011-04-14

312

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, POLYCHLOR, 05/19/1969  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... U!>: SC·'uti~ns a~ ~r:'c·n ~s r'Js5!Llc 2ftcr rj~~lt.;.!_!.;). Storc ill c~~l pl~~c el'! of tl:c IIL:l! to 2·;~·.j IGo, of ~!r·.lli:lh. DOl" to c'J-rc':v" el',ce! ...

2011-04-21

313

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, ATLACIDE, 08/10/1971  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... '(1 ("I',I,')'C',1"" (,'I",rj '1'''vII'c! t·-, 'jr' , ,'J ,~, l' All chlorOlp shotJi!; he kept III The· 11:1,lc" ... V ' . .. ' J ' ' , It , ,.ii'" P .. ,f . . : .. ... POUI/US ~)('r gollof' of water. ...

2011-04-14

314

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ORIMULSION: REPORT TO CONGRESS ON PHASE 1 OF THE ORIMULSION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMERNT PROGRAM: VOLUME 1: PROJECT REPORT/SUMMARY  

EPA Science Inventory

PUB REPORT NRMRL-RTP-193a Miller*, C.A., Dreher, KL, Wentsel*, R., and Nadeau*, R.J. Environmental Impacts of the Use of Orimulsion: Report to Congress on Phase 1 of the Orimulsion Technology Assessmernt Program: Volume 1:. 2001. EPA/600/R-01/056a (NTIS PB2002-109039). 05/15/200...

315

ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE USE OF ORIMULSION (R): REPORT TO CONGRESS ON PHASE I OF THE ORIMULSION TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT PROGRAM, VOLUME 2: PROJECT REPORT/SUMMARY  

EPA Science Inventory

NRMRL-RTP-193b Miller*, C.A., Dreher, KL, Wentsel*, R., and Nadeau*, R.J. Environmental Impacts of the Use of Orimulsion (R): Report to Congress on Phase I of the Orimulsion Technology Assessment Program, Volume 2. 2001. EPA/600/R-01/056b (NTIS PB2002-109040). 05/15/2000 The rep...

316

Long Jump Diffusion in Low Friction Regime: Effect of the Periodic Potential Structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

The diffusion mechanism of Brownian particles in a periodic bistable and metastable potential is studied using the Fokker-Planck Equation (FPE). The FPE is solved numerically by the Matrix Continued Fraction Method (MCFM). The main objective of this work is to study the effect of the structure of the potential on the diffusion by calculating the escape rate rj (also called

L. Elarroum; M. Chhib; A. Bourhaleb; M. Mazroui; Y. Boughaleb

2003-01-01

317

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, ROBAN 3999, 04/06/1990  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... EMJIROI.1ENTAI.. HAZMDS De III .is"'rj' .'fl'lli , ?? l.ili" l'ls .,li,. ill, .. i .. l lah htu, sl".III, ... h. .t "Uic IIIIt" "I." his ''''tel .,.cl'lnll, i ... tltit4 .... U" .... it II IfD[S ,""il. ...

2011-04-19

318

Valence Specific Laterality Effects in Prosody: Expectancy Account and the Effects of Morphed Prosody and Stimulus Lead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The majority of studies have demonstrated a right hemisphere (RH) advantage for the perception of emotions. Other studies have found that the involvement of each hemisphere is valence specific, with the RH better at perceiving negative emotions and the LH better at perceiving positive emotions [Reuter-Lorenz, P., & Davidson, R.J. (1981)…

Rodway, Paul; Schepman, Astrid

2007-01-01

319

Protons and Electrons in Jupiter's Magnetic Field: Results from the University of Chicago Experiment on Pioneer 10  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fluxes of high energy electrons and protons are found to be highly concentrated near the magnetic equatorial plane from distances of ~ 30 to ~ 100 Jovian radii (RJ). The 10-hour period of planetary rotation is observed as an intensity variation, which indicates that the equatorial zone of high particle fluxes is inclined with respect to the rotation axis of

J. A. Simpson; G. Lentz; R. B. McKibben; A. Mogro-Campero; M. Perkins; K. R. Pyle; A. J. Tuzzolino; J. J. O'Gallagher

1974-01-01

320

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, BARRAGE INDUSTRIAL ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... '(P,~,:t), ~~d~:I)rl l ,t:, Jr:lt I t,' [)( 111'1 ; I,'UIII t. f: r lJ~:('rll)r lu'-,t·,rj, ~I 'Id' ,PHLir, !ll j:f1t:~\\rldr,I' f", ,'Iii Pl',j!", Hd~hrL)'lm \\'/,jr,tHrll~rol (" ·:illl t" ? ...

2011-04-14

321

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, CHEMI-TROL SOIL ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... ".'. 11 \\ ' I . l· ; 1 ! t ' '111':1\\]' ~jllll:j·. lit· ·,'.I:-;iil'rj ()!. li-ll)',('l :Ilt() ('(111~t( 1 \\'.1111 1111'lt' 1·1)()t~ .? [) n ... t I' t ? ~l :--;. 1>;,(, t'111 I;t'il': (Ii f JI)" ,:, ...

2011-04-21

322

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 08/03/1984  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... r r..J~~~r -;i";"T!;, ;ii:"- ., t c· _"'l~l I".~ ?? r -PJ1.:;t,·j,tr ... ·~t· ... : 0 1"'1S r . .::'t ~ "J t : t .. ..: I r Itc· .... l '. '.J ::" , . 1 , , ) t t , ? , , : 1" t.· : I"' ...

2011-04-21

323

Empirical model of the Io plasma torus: Voyager measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a description of plasma conditions in the Io plasma torus, between 5 and 10 RJ, based on Voyager 1 observations obtained in March 1979. The model includes updated analyses of Plasma Science (PLS) data obtained along the spacecraft trajectory as well as Ultraviolet Spectrometer (UVS) observations of composition made remotely from Jupiter. The plasma characteristics observed along the

Fran Bagenal

1994-01-01

324

INVERTEBRATE NEUROPEPTIDES III  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

This publication represents the third in a series of special issues of the Peptides journal dedicated to invertebrate neuropeptides, edited by R.J. Nachman. The issue addresses a number of aspects of invertebrate neuropeptide research including identification of novel invertebrate neuropeptide sequ...

325

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, THIRAM 480DP, 05/21 ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... t~:!'r(lIl"lJl' , .. , hl:j !.Itp '.!!_ :1:'I :~~';I.'{'t Ilf:;~:I.·1 '1 .... ,11 ~" it ,f ~·:·~r·" ":t ",1\\ :.,. rlh'rj." .t"!" ':lIlr: I.-!' .I!' \\Opll('.lt ion: . .j : . . ' I , .. , . i ...

2011-04-14

326

A Handbook for Teachers of Italian.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This handbook for teachers of Italian consists of a collection of 16 essays by noted professionals in the field of Italian instruction: (1) "Fundamentals of Language Learning and Language Instruction," by A. Papalia; (2) "Linguistic Methodology and the Teacher of Italian," by R.J. Di Pietro; (3) "Preparation for Language Teaching," by F.J. Bosco;…

Mollica, Anthony, Ed.

327

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, VAPO-MIST 500 5% ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... rj 1"~o1" ~ C', ~', tr' -i'~ <"~If'l \\11~a' ru~~fI gIO·,t·!:. ,talc' halO;' f,,'·OI!'f C' t'" I', "'1: r: ~ t "i· D:, f'J! ~ft h::tJld Ir, fJ·-es AVllld ({ntact ·,',,h sbr ht""i or 1 ...

2011-04-14

328

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, MACROSEPTIC, 09/28 ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... t.· ?? f, .... lI",.t ,'I'l'ItJ"t,'ry ~h""k. rt:sl'!;" l .. tl'J~ dt·l'fl·!.~.fl!n .mel C('hvu16ivl1 tl.]\\, tHO 11(,pdh!. 1', j ~ " ~. ' 1 't' . )f ? . " , ' l;,: . " 3 6 iel - rJ- .' .' I i) 1 I ...

2011-04-21

329

Valence Specific Laterality Effects in Prosody: Expectancy Account and the Effects of Morphed Prosody and Stimulus Lead  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The majority of studies have demonstrated a right hemisphere (RH) advantage for the perception of emotions. Other studies have found that the involvement of each hemisphere is valence specific, with the RH better at perceiving negative emotions and the LH better at perceiving positive emotions [Reuter-Lorenz, P., & Davidson, R.J. (1981)…

Rodway, Paul; Schepman, Astrid

2007-01-01

330

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 05/07/1991  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... '"l/)Y"" ~. ; r;.J'" :;. a. po) J .J ') " C ET'~ '~. ir;"r -

2011-04-21

331

A Wave Investigation for the Juno Mission to Jupiter  

Microsoft Academic Search

A primary objective of the Juno mission is to explore the polar magnetosphere of Jupiter. While Ulysses briefly attained latitudes of ~48 degrees, this was at relatively large distances from Jupiter (~8.6 RJ). Hence, the polar magnetosphere of Jupiter is largely uncharted territory and, in particular, the auroral acceleration region has never been visited. Juno's mission includes ~30 orbits of

W. S. Kurth; D. L. Kirchner; G. B. Hospodarsky; D. A. Gurnett; P. Zarka; R. Ergun; S. Bolton

2008-01-01

332

Empirical Model for Ion Flows Around Jupiter During the Galileo Mission  

Microsoft Academic Search

Jupiter's intense magnetic field is second only to the solar magnetic field. This intense field surrounds and permeates a robust magnetospheric plasma that co-rotates with the planet out to several Jovian (radii), RJ, until a multitude of processes cause the co-rotating plasma to lag (Hill [1979]). The complex plasma dynamics produce a system of field aligned currents and electric fields

Austin Egert; Jared Bell; Hunter Waite

2010-01-01

333

Theory of Mie caustics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of this work is to explain the origin, magnitude and position of the caustics in resonant Mie scattering. For this, the fields are analyzed by a method based on complex angular momentum (CAM) theory and internal reflection decomposition (Debye expansion). Permanent address: Departemento de Física Nuclear, Instituto de Física - UFRJ, Cx. Postal 68528, 21945, RJ, Brazil.

Guimarães, L. G.

1993-12-01

334

Complete synthetic seismograms for 3-D heterogeneous Earth models computed using modified DSM operators and their applicability to inversion for Earth structure  

Microsoft Academic Search

We compute complete (including both body and surface waves) synthetic seismograms for laterally and vertically heterogeneous Earth models using the Direct Solution Method (DSM). We use the optimally accurate modified operators derived by Geller and Takeuchi [Geller, R.J., Takeuchi, N., 1995. A new method for computing highly accurate DSM synthetic seismograms. Geophys. J. Int. 123, 449–470] and extended to spherical

Nozomu Takeuchi; Robert J. Geller; Phil R. Cummins

2000-01-01

335

O MÉTODO MÃE CANGURU EM UMA MATERNIDADE DO RIO DE JANEIRO 2000-2002: NECESSIDADES DA CRIANÇA E DEMANDA DE EDUCAÇÃO EM SAÚDE PARA OS PAIS THE KANGAROO MOTHER METHOD AT ONE MATERNITY CENTER IN RIO DE JANEIRO 2000-2002: CHILDREN'S NEEDS AND PARENTS' DEMANDS FOR HEALTH EDUCATION EL MÉTODO MADRE CANGURO EN UNA MATERNIDAD DE RIO DE JANEIRO 2000-2002: LAS NECESIDADES DEL NIÑO Y LA DEMANDA DE EDUCACIÓN EN SALUD PARA LOS PADRES  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the implementation of the Kangaroo Mother Method (KMM), at a Maternity Center in the city of Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil from 2000 to 2002. The aims of this study were to characterize the neonate participants, and analyze their special healthcare needs and the parents' demands for health education. An exploratory and descriptive study was conducted and

Ivone Evangelista Cabral; Elisa da Conceição Rodrigues

336

TISSUE REMODELING IN THE HUMAN LUNG IN RELATION TO PARTICLE CONCENTRATION AND METAL CONTENT  

EPA Science Inventory

TISSUE REMODELING IN THE HUMAN LUNG IN RELATION TO PARTICLE CONCENTRATION AND METAL CONTENT. J Gallagher1, J Inmon1, S Schlaegle2, A Levine2, T Rogers3, J Scott1, F Green4, M Schenker5, K Pinkerton5 1NHEERL, US-EPA, RTP, NC, USA; 2RJ Lee Group Inc, Monroeville, Pa, USA; ...

337

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, QUICK DEATH ROACH ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... TN 38118 ,,/!.P,j;"i 12198'\\0""". " Ir'''r~ t~" I r~l 1 ?? ? ? r,...,J nr'll 111"(""" t" 1"""11 1·1" 'lnd fh"\\UrllI''':' I\\d ... ot-.:-I>o .. : 1n~~1d1t 1\\.1 "U. Itrong keto ..... ...

2011-04-19

338

USE OF THE RIBONUCLEASE PROTECTION ASSAY FOR IDENTIFYING CHEMICALS WHICH ELLICIT HYPERSENSITIVITY RESPONSES  

EPA Science Inventory

Use of the Ribonuclease Protection Assay (RPA) for Identifying Chemicals that Elicit Hypersensitivity Responses. L.M. Plitnick, 1, D.M. Sailstad, 2, and R.J. Smialowicz, 2 1UNC, Curriculum in Toxicology, Chapel Hill, NC and 2USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC. The incidence of aller...

339

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, AMITROL 90, 03/20/1972  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... o·--~~ji. !~~._~:" RJ£:;~~ee;J Sriep~!f:rJ' ~ ~ -JN n· st' e Sti;~pw~::2.J ·,,'c;.ct i'~.:j-,·~ ~it',~ij .. :_~::'f,,~t;; ~-i ;,~ b'j'-P..:fit'f~3~ .,' j C..l~3 ':i!~f!lSS ...

2011-04-13

340

PREFACE: XI Latin American Workshop on Nonlinear Phenomena  

Microsoft Academic Search

The XI Latin American Workshop on Nonlinear Phenomena (LAWNP) has been held in Búzios-RJ, Brazil, from 5-9 October 2009. This international conference is one in a series that have gathered biennially, over the past 21 years, physicists and other scientists who direct their work towards several aspects of nonlinear phenomena and complex systems. The main purpose of LAWNP meetings is

Celia Anteneodo; Marcos G. E. da Luz

2010-01-01

341

Atmospheric chemistry of hydrocarbon fuels. Volume 1: Experiments, results and discussion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A total 132 single- and multi-day outdoor environmental chamber experiments were carried out involving nine fuels. These included the ptroleum-derived JP-4 and JP-8 military aviation fuels, their shale-oil-derived analogues, unleaded gasoline, diesel No. 2 fuel, and the experimental high-energy cruise-missile fuels JP-10, RJ-4, and RJ-5. The results of this study show that the Air Force fuels JP-4 and JP-8 (both petroleum- and shale-derived) are significantly less reactive with respect to rates of oxidant formation and NO to NO2 conversion than unleaded gasoline. The cruise-missile fuels JP-10, RJ-4, and RJ-5 exhibit still lower reactivities. Under the meteorological conditions encountered during this study, the same general reactivity ranking was observed for multi-day irradiation conditions. However, under multi-day static irradiations with no further introduction of reactants, all of the military fuels studies (i.e., both kerosene-derived and high-energy) had similar maximum ozone-forming potentials.

Carter, W. P. L.; Ripley, P. S.; Smith, C. G.; Pitts, J. N., Jr.

1981-11-01

342

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, PURGE WASP & HORNET ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... e: ~~ :: c;::e~~1." ""'OO:'Jlle 'X:;:!"C:!"\\I." :ilP an~ :::'e.:'·~s twc:::.r: toe rJ '5,-~e:::. ' SP-:JI q:.er -';1 a: :~r: ~::. r,:: :;1." Sj)r.rI ... J a~:: '.Lee!s (>. !~ e ...

2011-04-21

343

The Power and Duty to Integrate  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Excerpts from a decision in Los Angeles Supreme Court by Judge Alfred Gitelson striking down school segregation after a trial of a suit filed by The American Civil Liberties Union of Southern California challenging de facto segregation in Los Angeles (City) public schools. (RJ)|

Gitelson, Alfred E.

1970-01-01

344

Io Atmosphere and Torus  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three 16 hour periods (a Vilspa shift and a contiguous US1 shift) are requested in order to study the recently discovered emissions of the atmosphere of Io and to compare the ionization balance in the outer part of the Io torus with that near the core (~6 RJ ). These spectra will also be used to study the long-term stability

H. Warren Moos

1988-01-01

345

Characterizing Rehabilitation Services for Patients With Knee and Hip Replacement in Skilled Nursing Facilities and Inpatient Rehabilitation Facilities  

Microsoft Academic Search

DeJong G, Hsieh C-H, Gassaway J, Horn SD, Smout RJ, Putman K, James R, Brown M, Newman EM, Foley MP. Characterizing rehabilitation services for patients with knee and hip replacement in skilled nursing facilities and inpatient rehabilitation facilities.

Gerben DeJong; Ching-Hui Hsieh; Julie Gassaway; Susan D. Horn; Randall J. Smout; Koen Putman; Roberta James; Michael Brown; Elizabeth M. Newman; Mary P. Foley

2009-01-01

346

Simulation of root development based on the dielectric breakdown model  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowing the root distribution in soil is essential for estimating water uptake by plant roots. It is difficult, however, to characterize and model undisturbed root systems. Root development in a two-dimensional potential field is simulated with the dielectric breakdown model (DBM), which implies a similarity between electric discharge and root distribution. A weighted potential gradient with an exponent rj was

O. HIROTA

1999-01-01

347

Crime, Youth, and the Labor Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Concentrating on eighteen-to-nineteen-year-old white and nonwhite males, this study utilizes a model permitting alternative partitioning of the population, classified by labor-market status, which links individual subsets to property crime. Concludes that economic opportunity is a key factor in generating youthful crime. (RJ)|

Phillips, Llad; And Others

1972-01-01

348

Magnetosphere-Ionosphere Current Systems at Jupiter and Saturn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Jupiter and Saturn are both rapidly rotating planets with plasma sources inside their magnetospheres. However, Jupiter's main auroral emission is magnetically conjugate with equatorial radii from ~20 - 30 RJ, well inside the magnetopause, whilst Saturn's main auroral emission is magnetically conjugate with the outer magnetosphere. We compare limitations to magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at both planets.

Ray, L. C.

2012-09-01

349

Quantifying the effects of promoting smokeless tobacco as a harm reduction strategy in the USA  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundSnus (a form of smokeless tobacco) is less dangerous than cigarettes. Some health professionals argue that snus should be promoted as a component of a harm reduction strategy, while others oppose this approach. Major US tobacco companies (RJ Reynolds and Philip Morris) are marketing snus products as cigarette brand line extensions. The population effects of smokeless tobacco promotion will depend

Adrienne B Mejia; Pamela M Ling; Stanton A Glantz

2010-01-01

350

NÍVEIS DE INGESTÃO DE ALIMENTOS E DE URÉIA EM BOVINOS ALIMENTADOS COM DIETAS À BASE DE CANA - DE - AÇÚCAR SUPLEMENTADA COM FARELO DE ARROZ - EFEITOS SOBRE ALGUNS PARÂMETROS RUMINAIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

MATOS, N. J. M.; CASTRO, A. C. G.; SILVA, J. F. C. da; QUEIROZ, A. C.; VALADARES FILHO, S. C.; CAMPOS, O. F. de; CARNEIRO, H. Revista Universidade Rural: Série Ciências da Vida, Seropédica, RJ: EDUR, v.23, n.1, p. 81-88, jan.- jun., 2003. This study aimed to estimate the effects of different levels of feed intake and urea on rumen

NELSON JORGE; MORAES MATOS; ANTÔNIO CARLOS; GONÇALVES CASTRO; JOSÉ FERNANDO COELHO DA SILVA; AUGUSTO CÉSAR QUEIROZ; SEBASTIÃO CAMPOS; VALADARES FILHO; ORIEL FAJARDO DE CAMPOS; HELOÍSA CARNEIRO

2003-01-01

351

Macroinvertebrates associated with Chara in a tropical coastal lagoon (Imboassica lagoon, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Imboassica lagoon is an urban coastal lagoon located in the municipality of Macaé (RJ), which has been exposed to a process of artificial eutrophication through the inflow of untreated sewage, as well as artificial openings of the sandbar that separates it from the ocean, provoking drastic modifications in this ecosystem. The sampling for the analysis of the community of macroinvertebrates

Edélti Faria Albertoni; Cleber Palma-Silva; Francisco de Assis Esteves

2001-01-01

352

Distribuição e abundância de ninhos de Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) em um agroecossistema diversificado sob manejo orgânico  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of Solenopsis invicta Buren (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) nests, the effect of abiotic factors on the species population density, and possible influence on species richness of other ants were investigated in a diversified agroecosystem in the Southeast of Brazil. Plots cultivated with different crops were sampled in the Sistema Integrado de Produção Agroecológica, in Seropedica, RJ, Brazil. The nest distribution

Fábio Souto Almeida; Jarbas Marçal Queiroz; Antônio José Mayhé-Nunes

2007-01-01

353

IMPACT OF BODY WEIGHT CHANGE ON THE EDSTAC TIER 1 MALE AND FEMALE PUBERTAL PROTOCOLS  

EPA Science Inventory

IMPACT OF BODY WEIGHT CHANGE ON THE EDSTAC TIER I MALE AND FEMALE PUBERTAL PROTOCOLS. R.L. Cooper, T.E. Stoker, K. McElroy, J. Ferrell, K. Leffler, K. Bremser and S.C. Laws. Endocrinology Branch, Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL, ORD, USEPA, RTP, NC. Sponsor: R.J. Kavl...

354

Estudo-piloto com clozapina em hospital público: resultados de um ano de acompanhamento Clozapine pilot study in a public hospital: one-year follow-up results  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objetivos: Estudo-piloto prospectivo e naturalístico para avaliação da efetividade e segurança do uso da clozapina em pacientes esquizofrênicos crônicos resistentes, em tratamento num hospital psiquiátrico público - Instituto Municipal Nise da Silveira, localizado no Rio de Janeiro, RJ. Método: Foram tratados com clozapina, por um período de um ano, monitorados com hemogramas semanais nas 18 primeiras semanas e mensais nas

Carlos Eduardo da Rocha

355

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, F & B SEVIN BRAND 50-W ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... lTight! COSJit;,!< fnt'olvir:, intr:~ti~ ~, practit:e o~ 'J:'~~ - rJ)';'" Jjr ~~ :'tJ'iY >:-it:'.:t..t!'~,· _'~~ .t:~,:, b? ~)~j ",.tf'~ .t!rott:~rn \\,I ~ ... ioo~t'~ ...

2011-04-14

356

Potential effects of forest policies on terrestrial biodiversity in a ...  

Treesearch

Cataloging Node: US Forest Service Treesearch. Creator: Spies, T.A.; McComb, B.C.; Kennedy, R.; McGrath, M.T.; Olsen, K.; Pabst, R.J. ... age distributions relative to the historical range of variability, and landscape ... Country: United States.

357

WASP-35b, WASP-48b, and HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b: Two New Planets and an Independent Discovery of a Hat Planet  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report the detection of WASP-35b, a planet transiting a metal-poor ([Fe/H] = -0.15) star in the Southern hemisphere, WASP-48b, an inflated planet which may have spun-up its slightly evolved host star of 1.75 R sun in the Northern hemisphere, and the independent discovery of HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b, a new planet in the Northern hemisphere. Using WASP, RISE, Faulkes Telescope South, and TRAPPIST photometry, with CORALIE, SOPHIE, and NOT spectroscopy, we determine that WASP-35b has a mass of 0.72 ± 0.06 MJ and radius of 1.32 ± 0.05RJ , and orbits with a period of 3.16 days, WASP-48b has a mass of 0.98 ± 0.09 MJ , radius of 1.67 ± 0.10 RJ , and orbits in 2.14 days, while HAT-P-30b/WASP-51b, with an orbital period of 2.81 days, is found to have a mass of 0.76 ± 0.05 MJ and radius of 1.42 ± 0.03 RJ , agreeing with values of 0.71 ± 0.03 MJ and 1.34 ± 0.07 RJ reported for HAT-P-30b.

Enoch, B.; Anderson, D. R.; Barros, S. C. C.; Brown, D. J. A.; Collier Cameron, A.; Faedi, F.; Gillon, M.; Hébrard, G.; Lister, T. A.; Queloz, D.; Santerne, A.; Smalley, B.; Street, R. A.; Triaud, A. H. M. J.; West, R. G.; Bouchy, F.; Bento, J.; Butters, O.; Fossati, L.; Haswell, C. A.; Hellier, C.; Holmes, S.; Jehin, E.; Lendl, M.; Maxted, P. F. L.; McCormac, J.; Miller, G. R. M.; Moulds, V.; Moutou, C.; Norton, A. J.; Parley, N.; Pepe, F.; Pollacco, D.; Segransan, D.; Simpson, E.; Skillen, I.; Smith, A. M. S.; Udry, S.; Wheatley, P. J.

2011-09-01

358

CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS  

EPA Science Inventory

CYTOKINE PROFILING FOR CHEMICAL RESPIRATORY SENSITIZERS. LM Plitnick1, SE Loveless2, GS Ladics2, MP Holsapple3, MJ Selgrade4, DM Sailstad4 & RJ Smialowicz4. 1UNC, Chapel Hill, NC; 2DuPont Co., Haskell Laboratory, Newark, DE; 3Dow Chemical, Midland, MI & 4USEPA, NHEERL, RTP, NC....

359

Absorption of trapped particles by Jupiter's moons  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have included absorption effects of the four innermost moons in the radial transport equations for electrons and protons in Jupiter's magnetosphere. We find that the phase space density n at 2 Rj for elec- trons with equatorial pitch angles of <69 ø is reduced by a factor of 4.2 X 104 when lunar absorption is included in the calculation.

W. N. Hess; T. J. Birmingham; G. D. Mead

1974-01-01

360

Curriculum, Pedagogy, and the Cambridge Primary Review: A Response to R. J. Campbell  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article presents the author's response to R.J. Campbell's critique of the "Cambridge Primary Review," which was published in the autumn of 2009. The author argues that Campbell's description of the "Review's" central proposals on curriculum and pedagogy as "backward-looking and inadequately theorised" is so misjudged as to call for a…

Armstrong, Michael

2011-01-01

361

Digital Mapping of Soil Classes in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil: Data, Modelling and Prediction  

Microsoft Academic Search

A soil database for Rio de Janeiro State was collated in Access, for a project on quantifying the magnitude, spatial distribution and organic carbon in the soils of Rio de Janeiro State (Projeto Carbono RJ). The main activities were the search, selection, analysis and review of the data for each soil profile already described in the study area, the georeferencing

M. L. Mendonca-Santos; H. G. Santos; R. O. Dart; J. G. Pares

362

CYTOKINE MRNA PROFILES FOR ISOCYANATES WITH KNOWN AND UNKNOWN POTENTIAL TO INDUCE RESPIRATORY SENSITIZATION  

EPA Science Inventory

Cytokine mRNA Profiles for Isocyanates with Known and Unknown Potential to Induce Respiratory Sensitization. Plitnick, L.M., Loveless, S.E., Ladics, G.S., Holsapple, M.P., Smialowicz, R.J., Woolhiser, M.R., Anderson, P.K., Smith, C., Sailstad, D.M. and Selgrade, M.J.K (2002) Tox...

363

EVALUATION OF BIOLOGICALLY BASED DOSE-RESPONSE MODELING FOR DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY: A WORKSHOP REPORT  

EPA Science Inventory

Evaluation of biologically based dose-response modeling for developmental toxicity: a workshop report. Lau C, Andersen ME, Crawford-Brown DJ, Kavlock RJ, Kimmel CA, Knudsen TB, Muneoka K, Rogers JM, Setzer RW, Smith G, Tyl R. Reproductive Toxicology Division, NHEERL...

364

Observations in Jupiter's Vicinity with the Magnetospheric Imaging Instrument (MIMI) During Cassini/Huygens Flyby (October 2000-March 2001)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MIMI investigation comprises three sensors, the Ion and Neutral Camera (INCA), Charge-Energy-Mass-Spectrometer (CHEMS), and Low Energy Magnetospheric Measurement System (LEMMS) covering the energy ranges 7 keV/nuc 3 Mev) and protons (1.6 < E < 160 Mev) from the back end of the dual field-of-view telescope. MIMI obtained data intermittently from October 2000 to March 2001 corresponding to distances of ~ 103RJ upstream to ~ 103RJ downstream of the planet. The first unambiguous image of Energetic Neutral Atoms (ENA) was seen at ~ 1155RJ upstream and occupied one pixel in INCA at ~ 3% statistics. The observed intensity in the range ~ 15 to 55 keV (hydrogen) corresponds to ~ 0.08 (cm2 s keV)-1 when scaled to 100 RJ., i.e. similar to expectations based on Voyager 1 observations some 21 years earlier. Many images were obtained through, and past, closest approach (140 RJ; Mitchell et al, this AGU). In addition to ENA's, the CHEMS sensor detected several ion species of Jovian (O+, S+, SO2+, etc) and interstellar (He+) origin in the upstream medium that manifested themselves as pick-up and accelerated components, suggesting that cis-Jovian space is dominated by a nebula populated by volcanic gases from Io (Hamilton, et al, this AGU). Energetic electrons and ion events (LEMMS) were also present upstream and marked each crossing of the extended bow shock and magnetopause of the planet. While in the magnetosphere, field-aligned electron distributions provided unambiguous evidence of closed field lines to at least 200 RJ downstream from Jupiter. Simultaneously, highly charged (S3+, S4+, O3+, O2+, etc) ions were seen, suggesting that plasma outflow in the dusk magnetotail is dominated by magnetospheric rather than solar wind plasma. Evidence that Jovian plasmas are present to at least ~ 850RJ downstream will be presented and implications discussed on overall outflow of magnetospheric plasma.

Krimigis, S. M.; Mitchell, D. G.; Hamilton, D. G.; Livi, S.; Armstrong, T. P.; Cheng, A. F.; Dandouras, J.; Gloeckler, G.; Hsieh, K. C.; Ip, W. H.; Keath, E. P.; Kirsch, E.; Krupp, N.; Lagg, A.; Lanzerotti, L. J.; Mauk, B. H.; McEntire, R. W.; Roelof, E. C.; Wilken, B.; Williams, D. J.

2001-05-01

365

Studies on Genetic Male-Sterile Soybeans 1  

PubMed Central

Soybean (Glycine max [L.] Merr.) germplasm, isogenic except for loci controlling male-sterility (ms1) and nodulation (rj1) was utilized to investigate the effects of reproductive tissue development and nitrogen source on the initiation of monocarpic senescence. The experimental genotypes (Ms1Rj1, Ms1rj1, ms1Rj1, and ms1rj1, were selected from a cross between N69-2774 and N59-5259, and were inbred to the F5 generation. Green-house-grown plants were collected during the period of flowering (77 days after transplanting) until maturity (147 days after transplanting). Leaf tissues from the respective genotypes were analyzed at the various harvest dates for RNA, phenolic, and chlorophyll concentrations; acid protease activity; polypeptide banding patterns of chloroplast thylakoids; and chloroplastic ultrastructure. Regardless of nitrogen source, total chlorophyll concentrations declined between 77 and 119 days after transplanting, resulting in a 40% loss of chlorophyll per square centimeter in all genotypes. Leaf chlorophyll levels continued to decline at a constant rate in male-fertile genotypes, but remained at a constant level (26 micrograms chlorophyll per square centimeter) in male-sterile genotypes, for the remainder of the study. With increased leaf age, a gradual disruption of thylakoid structures was observed, particularly in chloroplasts from the male-fertile genotypes. Chloroplasts from the male-sterile genotypes appeared to lose starch grains but increased their number of chloroplastic lipid bodies with leaf aging. These data suggest that monocarpic senescence in soybeans was initiated at or before flowering. Although reproductive tissue development probably augmented the process, the response attributed to seed formation was not apparent until the mid-pod fill stage (119 days after transplanting). All genotypes had similar changes in other cellular components that are recognized as indicators of plant senescence regardless of whether the plants produced seed. Images Fig. 6 Fig. 7

Burke, John J.; Kalt-Torres, Willy; Swafford, James R.; Burton, Joseph W.; Wilson, Richard F.

1984-01-01

366

Rejection Thresholds in Chocolate Milk: Evidence for Segmentation  

PubMed Central

Bitterness is generally considered a negative attribute in food, yet many individuals enjoy some bitterness in products like coffee or chocolate. In chocolate, bitterness arises from naturally occurring alkaloids and phenolics found in cacao. Fermentation and roasting help develop typical chocolate flavor and reduce the intense bitterness of raw cacao by modifying these bitter compounds. As it becomes increasingly common to fortify chocolate with `raw' cacao to increase the amount of healthful phytonutrients, it is important to identify the point at which the concentration of bitter compounds becomes objectionable, even to those who enjoy some bitterness. Classical threshold methods focus on the presence or absence of a sensation rather than acceptability or hedonics. A new alternative, the rejection threshold, was recently described in the literature. Here, we sought to quantify and compare differences in Rejection Thresholds (RjT) and Detection Thresholds (DT) in chocolate milk spiked with a food safe bitterant (sucrose octaacetate). In experiment 1, a series of paired preference tests was used to estimate the RjT for bitterness in chocolate milk. In a new group of participants (experiment 2), we determined the RjT and DT using the forced choice ascending method of limits. In both studies, participants were segmented on the basis of self-declared preference for milk or dark solid chocolate. Based on sigmoid fits of the indifference-preference function, the RjT was ~2.3 times higher for those preferring dark chocolate than the RjT for those preferring milk chocolate in both experiments. In contrast, the DT for both groups was functionally identical, suggesting that differential effects of bitterness on liking of chocolate products are not based on the ability to detect bitterness in these products.

Harwood, Meriel L.; Ziegler, Gregory R.; Hayes, John E.

2012-01-01

367

Rejection Thresholds in Chocolate Milk: Evidence for Segmentation.  

PubMed

Bitterness is generally considered a negative attribute in food, yet many individuals enjoy some bitterness in products like coffee or chocolate. In chocolate, bitterness arises from naturally occurring alkaloids and phenolics found in cacao. Fermentation and roasting help develop typical chocolate flavor and reduce the intense bitterness of raw cacao by modifying these bitter compounds. As it becomes increasingly common to fortify chocolate with `raw' cacao to increase the amount of healthful phytonutrients, it is important to identify the point at which the concentration of bitter compounds becomes objectionable, even to those who enjoy some bitterness. Classical threshold methods focus on the presence or absence of a sensation rather than acceptability or hedonics. A new alternative, the rejection threshold, was recently described in the literature. Here, we sought to quantify and compare differences in Rejection Thresholds (RjT) and Detection Thresholds (DT) in chocolate milk spiked with a food safe bitterant (sucrose octaacetate). In experiment 1, a series of paired preference tests was used to estimate the RjT for bitterness in chocolate milk. In a new group of participants (experiment 2), we determined the RjT and DT using the forced choice ascending method of limits. In both studies, participants were segmented on the basis of self-declared preference for milk or dark solid chocolate. Based on sigmoid fits of the indifference-preference function, the RjT was ~2.3 times higher for those preferring dark chocolate than the RjT for those preferring milk chocolate in both experiments. In contrast, the DT for both groups was functionally identical, suggesting that differential effects of bitterness on liking of chocolate products are not based on the ability to detect bitterness in these products. PMID:22754143

Harwood, Meriel L; Ziegler, Gregory R; Hayes, John E

2012-04-21

368

Epigenetic Modification of Gene Expression in Honey Bees by Heterospecific Gland Secretions  

PubMed Central

Background In the honey bee (Apis mellifera), queen and workers have different behavior and reproductive capacity despite possessing the same genome. The primary substance that leads to this differentiation is royal jelly (RJ), which contains a range of proteins, amino acids, vitamins and nucleic acids. MicroRNA (miRNA) has been found to play an important role in regulating the expression of protein-coding genes and cell biology. In this study, we characterized the miRNAs in RJ from two honey bee sister species and determined their possible effect on transcriptome in one species. Methodology/Principal Findings We sequenced the miRNAs in RJ either from A. mellifera (RJM) or A. cerana (RJC). We then determined the global transcriptomes of adult A. mellifera developed from larvae fed either with RJM (mRJM) or RJC (mRJC). Finally we analyzed the target genes of those miRNA that are species specific or differentially expressed in the two honey bee species. We show that there were differences in miRNA between RJM and RJC, and that transcriptomes of adult A. mellifera were affected by the two types of RJ. A high proportion (23.3%) of the affected genes were target genes of differential miRNAs. Conclusion We show for the first time that there are differences in miRNAs in RJ between A. mellifera and A. cerana. Further, the differences in transcriptomes of bees reared from these two RJs might be related to miRNA differences of the two species. This study provides the first evidence that heterospecific royal jelly can modify gene expression in honey bees through an epigenetic mechanism.

Huang, Zachary Y.; Wang, Zi Long; Yan, Wei Yu; Zeng, Zhi Jiang

2012-01-01

369

Intoxicações provocadas por agrotóxicos de uso agrícola na microrregião de Dourados, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil, no período de 1992 a 2002  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reports of poisoning and suicide attempts in- volving pesticides in the micro region of Doura- dos, Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil, from 1992 to 2002, were evaluated, using data from the In- tegrated Center for Toxicological Surveillance under the State Health Department. A total of 475 reports were made during the period, of which 261 were accidental or occupational

Dario Xavier Pires; Eloísa Dutra Caldas; Maria Celina Piazza Recena

2005-01-01

370

ESTUDIOS TRANSCULTURALES DEL BURNOUT: LOS ESTUDIOS TRANSCULTURALES BRASIL-ESPAÑA Cross-cultural studies of burnout: Cross-cultural Brazil-Spain studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cross-cultural studies are not a secondary and complementary exercise in the study of the psychology; an anthropologic model of human behavior makes it necessary to state that cultural variables are not secondary but primary. For these reasons, the study of the burnout can be deepened by means of the utilization of the cross- cultural methods. It is not enough with

Bernardo Moreno Jiménez; Eva Garrosa Hernández; Macarena Gálvez Herrer

2003-01-01

371

Ocorrência de carrapatos em tamanduá-bandeira (Myrmecophaga tridactyla) e tamanduá-mirim (Tamandua tetradactyla) na região do Pantanal Sul Mato-Grossense, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The occurrence of ticks on anteaters in the Pantanal region, Mato Grosso do Sul state, Brazil, between March and February 2001 is described. Tick species identified were Amblyomma cajennense (123 males and 63 females), A. parvum (35 males, 67 females) and A. nodosum (2 males), species considered as specific of anteater in its adult phase. A. cajennense was found in

João Ricardo Martins; Ísis Meri Medri; Carlos Marcos Oliveira; Alberto Guglielmone

2004-01-01

372

Frugivoria de larvas de Neosilba McAlpine (Diptera, Lonchaeidae) sobre Psittacanthus plagiophyllus Eichler (Santalales, Loranthaceae) no sudoeste de Mato Grosso do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Larval frugivory of Neosilba McAlpine (Diptera, Lonchaeidae) on Psittacanthus plagiophyllus Eichler (Santalales, Loranthaceae) in southwestern Mato Grosso do Sul State, Brazil. Loranthaceae are hemiparasite plants with worldwide distribuition, represented in Brazil by six genera. The most important are Phthirusa, Psittacanthus and Struthanthus that parasitize a great diversity of host plants. This paper evaluated the occurrence and the seasonal fluctuation of

Claudenir S. Caires; Manoel A. Uchôa-Fernandes; Jose Nicácio; Pedro C. Strikis

2009-01-01

373

Physical demands during the hauling of fishing nets for artisan fishing using rafts in beach of Ponta Negra, Natal--Brasil.  

PubMed

The current article aims to analyse the activity and the repercussions in the health of the artisan fishermen who use rafts in the urban Beach of Ponta Negra in Natal - RN, with emphasis on the physical demands at the step of hauling the nets from the ocean. It has been taken as a reference the methodology of Work Ergonomic Analysis-WEA. 21 fishermen participated in the study (50% of the population). It was used applying observational techniques and methodologies (open and sistematic observations and simulations) interactional ( social and economic questionnaire, conversational actions, verbalizations, self confrontations and collective analysis) and health assessment (static postural assessment, movement flexibility of flexo extension of the shoulder and the ischiotibial muscle, lumbar region and hang grip. Applying the diagram of painful areas and the Nordic Questionnaire of mucleskeletal symptoms). The results were submeted to restitutions and validations with the raftmen. The hauling of the nets represents a high muscleskeletal risk, joining physical effort, adopting forced postures with the rotation of the spine and movement repetition, mainly flexo extension of vertebral spine, aggravated by the demand of strength fo the stabilizing muscles of the human body to keep the poise. The impacts of the activity of the fisherman of Ponta Negra, related to postures and strength demand were observed in the postural assessment and are related to the activity. PMID:22316760

Jaeschke, Anelena; Saldanha, Maria Christine Werba

2012-01-01

374

Comparação da morfologia foliar de espécies arbóreas de três estádios sucessionais distintos de floresta ombrófila densa (Floresta Atlântica) no Sul do Brasil1  

Microsoft Academic Search

Comparison of leaf morphology of tree species from three distinct successional stages of tropical rain forest (Atlantic Forest) in Southern Brazil). We investigated the leaf morphology of trees from three distinct successional stages (early, intermediate, late) of a lowland rain forest located near the coast of Paraná State, Brazil. This forest grows on sandy soil with low nutrient content. Leaves

MARIA REGINA T. BOEGER; CELINA WISNIEWSKI

2003-01-01

375

Tabagismo em adolescentes de área urbana na região Sul do Brasil Tobacco smoking among teenagers in an urban area in Southern Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective To evaluate the prevalence of tobacco smoking and its determinants among adolescents. Methods A cross-sectional study, using a multiple stage sampling, was carried out in 1997 and a sample of adolescents aged between 12 and 18 years who were living in the urban area of Pelotas, Brazil, was studied. Those who reported having smoked at least one cigarette per

Bernardo Lessa Horta; Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro; Elaine Tomasi; Escola de Psicologia; Gonçalves Chaves

2001-01-01

376

Bactérias transportadas em mutucas (Diptera: Tabanidae) no nordeste do estado do Pará, Brasil Bacteria transported by horseflies (Diptera: Tabanidae) in the northeast of Pará State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: Os insetos da família Tabanidae (Diptera), conhecidos vulgarmente como mutucas, são considerados potenciais pragas ao homem e animais domésticos pelo comportamento hematófago de suas fêmeas. São capazes de transportar mecanicamente vírus, bactérias e helmintos, pelo fato desses patógenos aderirem-se à estrutura da probóscide. As coletas dos insetos foram realizadas em áreas peri-urbanas e florestadas, utilizando-se armadilhas Malaise e cavalos

Willy Cristiano Luz-Alves; Inocêncio de Sousa Gorayeb; José Caetano Lima Silva; Edvaldo Carlos; Brito Loureiro

377

REFLEXÕES SOBRE O FUTURO DO GÁS NATURAL NO BRASIL E NA REGIÃO SUDESTE APÓS A DESCOBERTA DAS RESERVAS NA BACIA DE SANTOS  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses about the perspectives for using natural gas in Brazil and particularly in its Southeast region, taking into consideration the recent large gas discoveries in the Santos Basin, which have already doubled the Brazilian gas reserves. Such discoveries are very significant given the volumes of gas found in place and their proximity to major consumption centers in the

FLÁVIO FERNANDES; EDMILSON MOUTINHO DOS SANTOS

378

EFEITO DE PREPAROS E CULTURAS DE COBERTURA VEGETAL SOBRE AS PROPRIEDADES FÍSICAS DO SOLO E A PRODUTIVIDADE DA MANDIOCA NA REGIÃO OESTE DO PARANÁ - BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

RESUMO: O preparo convencional é muito utilizado para o cultivo da mandioca e tem preocupado produtores, técnicos, agrônomos e pesquisados em função dos problemas ambientais associados e este tipo de manejo. Dessa forma, o presente trabalho objetivou avaliar as propriedades físicas do solo e a produtividade da mandioca proporcionada por diferentes sistemas de preparo. O experimento foi realizado no município

Emerson FEY; Arno Udo DALLMEYER; Laércio Augusto PIVETTA; Laerte Gustavo PIVETTA; Julio Henrique de SOUZA

379

Avaliacao geoquimica das bacias marginais ao sul da Bahia, Brasil. (Geochemical evaluation of marginal basins in the south of Bahia state, Brazil).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Geochemical analyses were performed on more than 700 rock samples and 4 oil samples, from Mucuri, Cumuruxatiba and Jequitinhonha basins, offshore Bahia state, Brazil. The methods employed in this study includes the evaluation of organic carbon contents, R...

P. C. Gaglianone L. A. F. Trindade M. M. Nascimento

1987-01-01

380

Signifi cados e usos de materiais educativos sobre hanseníase segundo profi ssionais de saúde pública do Município do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reflects on the communications pro- cesses in the Hansen Disease Control Programs under the Unified National Health System (SUS) in Brazil, analyzing how professionals at two public health services in Rio de Janeiro perceive the educational materials on the disease. The ar- ticle discusses how analysis of printed materials favors negotiation of prevailing meanings and practices on Hansen

Pública Sergio Arouca; Adriana Kelly-Santos; Simone Monteiro; Brani Rozemberg

2009-01-01

381

AGRUPAMENTO DE MUNICÍPIOS DO PONTAL DO PARANAPANEMA, ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO, EM FUNÇÃO DE VARIÁVEIS RELACIONADAS À AGROPECUÁRIA rfiretti@apta.sp.gov.br Apresentação Oral-Desenvolvimento Rural, Territorial e regional RICARDO FIRETTI 1; VANDERLEI JOSÉ SEREIA 2; EDUARDO CARDOSO DE OLIVEIRA 3; ANTONIO ASSIZ DE CARVALHO FILHO 4. 1.APTA\\/SAA-SP, PRESIDENTE PRUDENTE - SP - BRASIL; 2.UEL, LONDRINA - PR - BRASIL; 3.AEDZO, PRESIDENTE PRUDENTE - SP - BRASIL; 4.FCT\\/UNESP, PRESIDENTE PRUDENTE - SP - BRASIL. AGRUPAMENTO DE MUNICÍPIOS DO PONTAL DO PARANAPANEMA , ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO, EM FUNÇÃO DE VARIÁVEIS RELACIONADAS À  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recognized in the State of São as one of the last f rontiers of development paulista, the Pontal do Par anapanema, has its main base in the agricultural economy, but needs to further diversify and increase technology. Order to support actions of public and private actors with r egard to rural development, this work had as main o bjective to

Ricardo Firetti; Vanderlei José Sereia; Eduardo Cardoso de Oliveira; Antônio Assiz de Carvalho

382

Prevalence of temporary social security benefits due to respiratory disease in Brazil* Prevalência de benefícios de seguridade social temporários devido a doença respiratória no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To determine the prevalence of temporary social security benefits due to respiratory disease granted to employees, as well as the number of lost workdays and costs resulting from those in Brazil between 2003 and 2004. Methods: Cross-sectional study using data obtained from the Unified System of Benefits of the Brazilian Institute of Social Security (INSS, Instituto Nacional de Seguro

2009-01-01

383

O Direito Costumeiro na Legislacao e na Jurisprudencia do Brasil: A Desescravizacao (Common Law in Legislation and Jurisprudence in Brazil: Abolition of Slavery).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Demonstrates that in Brazil, common law was an important component for development of the political project, elaborated with the objective of organizing and disciplining the formation of a market of free workers. Considers that the history of work relations originated in the Portuguese discovery of Brazil in the 16th century. (BT)|

Gebara, Ademir

2000-01-01

384

Cidadania Negada: A Educacao como Instrumento de Combate a Pobreza no Brasil (Denial of Citizenship: Education as a Way to Fight Poverty in Brazil).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Compares two compensatory social/educational programs developed by the Brazilian government in the last 15 years. States that although one was formulated during the military regime and one during the present government, they both combat poverty and encourage privatization. Concludes that this promotes a process that sees education as social…

Germano, Jose Willington

1995-01-01

385

A Ideia de Universidade no Brasil: Influencia do Movimento de Cordoba (The Idea of the University in Brazil: Influences of the Cordoba Movement).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines influences of the Cordoba Movement in formulation of ideas concerning the inseparability among teaching, research, and extension--a new paradigm for the Brazilian university. Finds the formulation of this inseparability had its origins in the Brazilian student movement of the 1960s which included theses of the Cordoba Manifesto. (BT)|

Mazzilli, Sueli

2000-01-01

386

A Educacao dos Portadores de Necessidades Especiais no Brasil no Periodo de 1910 a 1949 (Education of Those with Special Needs in Brazil from 1920 to 1949).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines education given to those with special needs in Brazil from 1910-1949. Shows the dichotomy of meanings in which the education of special needs persons during that period, besides being marked by concepts related to the exclusion paradigm, already indicated signs of respect for diversity and civil rights. (BT)|

Marques, Carlos Alberto; Santiago, Mylene Cristina; de Moura, Simone Moreira

2000-01-01

387

ECOLOGY, BEHAVIOR AND BIONOMICS Xylocopa (Monoxylocopa) abbreviata Hurd & Moure (Hymenoptera: Apidae) e Encholirium spectabile (Bromeliaceae): Uma Associação Estreita no Semi-Árido do Brasil Tropical  

Microsoft Academic Search

Females of Xylocopa (Monoxylocopa) abbreviata Hurd & Moure build their nests in the flower stalks of Encholirium spectabile (Bromeliaceae). This bromeliad grows clumped on rock outcrops exposed to direct sunlight in the semi-arid tropical caatingas of northeastern Brazil. In the largest aggregation of E. spectabile, X. abbreviata reached 1,7 nests\\/stalk and around 20 nests\\/ha. The stalks are available as nest

MAURO RAMALHO; MILSON A. BATISTA; E MAISE SILVA

388

Fenologia reprodutiva, polinização e sistema reprodutivo de Sophora tomentosa L. (Leguminosae - Papilionoideae) em restinga da praia da Joaquina, Florianópolis, sul do Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Reproductive phenology, pollination and reproductive system of Sophora tomentosa L. (Leguminosae- Papilionoideae) on coastal sand dunes of Joaquina beach, Florianópolis, southern Brazil. The shrub Sophora tomentosa flowers from the month of October to June. The fructification begins soon after the start of the flowering period and continues up to the next flowering. The anthesis takes place during the day, and

Elisa Maria Lisboa Nogueira

389

MEDIDAS BIOLÓGICAS E ÍNDICES DE QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA DE UMA MICROBACIA COM POLUIÇÃO URBANA E DE CURTUMES NO SUL DO BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

BIOLOGICAL MEASURES AND WATER QUALITY INDICES IN A MICRO-WATERSHED POLLUTED WITH URBAN AND TANNERY SEWAGE IN SOUTH BRAZIL. The article is based on a comparative study between biological measures based on the benthic macroinvertebrate communities and the Water Quality Index (WQI) determined by physical-chemical parameters. The data were collected in the downstream region of the Sinos river basin, in the

Milton Norberto Strieder; Luiz Henrique Ronchi; Cristina Stenert; Ricardo Thormann Scherer; Ulisses Gaspar Neiss

390

Diversidade de Lepidoptera (Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) em dois fragmentos de floresta no município de Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Diversity of Lepidoptera (Papilionoidea e Hesperioidea) in two fragments in Frederico Westphalen, Rio Grande do Sul State, Brazil. A systematic survey was carried out in two localities of the Municipal District of Frederico Westphalen, fragment of Villa Faguense and Schoenstatt's Sanctuary, situated 1,500 m apart, from March 2005 to April 2006. In 140 hours of sampling, 3123 individuals, distributed in

Ricardo Giovenardi; Rocco Alfredo Di Mare; Jonas Sponchiado; Suelem H. Roani; Fábio A. F. Jacomassa; Augusto B. Jung; Mirian A. Porn

2008-01-01

391

Simulated Extreme Prepitation Indices over Northeast Brasil in Current Climate and Future Scenarios RCP4.5 and RCP8.5  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we analyzed extreme precipitation indices, for present and future modeled climates over Northeast of Brazil (NEB), from CORDEX simulations over the domain of Tropical Americas. The period for the model validation was from 1989-2007, using data from the European Center (ECWMF) Reanalysis, ERA-INTERIM, as input to drive the regional model (RAMS 6.0). Reanalysis data were assimilated via both lateral boundaries and the entire domain (a much weaker "central nudging"). Six indices of extreme precipitation were calculated over NEB: the average number of days above 10, 20 and 30 mm in one year (R10, R20, R30), the number of consecutive dry days (CDD), the number of consecutive wet days (CWD) and the maximum rainfall in five consecutive days (RX5). Those indices were compared against two independent databases: MERRA (Modern Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications) and TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission). After validation, climate simulations were performed for the present climate (1985-2005) and short-term (2015-2035), mid-term (2045-2065) and long-term (2079 to 2099) future climates for two scenarios: RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5, nesting RAMS into HadGEM2-ES global model (a participant of CMIP5). Along with the indices, we also calculated Probability Distribution Functions (PDFs) to study the behavior of daily precipitation in the present and by the end of the 21st century (2079 to 2099) to assess possible changes under RCPs 4.5 and 8.5. The regional model is capable of representing relatively well the extreme precipitation indices for current climate, but there is some difficulties in performing a proper validation since the observed databases disagree significantly. Future projections show significant changes in most extreme indices. Rnn generally tend to increase, especially under RCP8.5. More significant changes are projected for the long-term period, under RCP8.5, which shows a pronounced R30 enhancement over northern states. CDD tends to decrease over most of NEB in the short but this trend is reverted toward the end of the century in both scenarios with a significant increase in the duration of the dry season over Northwestern and Eastern NEB (exceeding 50 days over certain areas), whereas projected CWD changes are smaller. Rx5 shows a general increasing trend especially in the long term period,under RCP8.5.

Wender Santiago Marinho, Marcos; Araújo Costa, Alexandre; Cassain Sales, Domingo; Oliveira Guimarães, Sullyandro; Mariano da Silva, Emerson; das Chagas Vasconcelos Júnior, Francisco

2013-04-01

392

EVOLUÇÃO DAS EXPORTAÇÕES, COMÉRCIO INTRASETORIAL E IMPACTOS AMBIENTAIS DOS NEGÓCIOS INTERNACIONAIS DE MADEIREIRA BRASILEIRA  

Microsoft Academic Search

O Brasil é importante exportador de madeira do mundo, tendo como principais mercados de destino os Estados Unidos e a União Européia. Desse modo, nesse estudo pretende-se estimar as equações de oferta e demanda por exportação madeireira do Brasil para os Estados Unidos e a União Européia; identificar as fontes de comércio madeireiro do Brasil nos seus principais mercados de

Rachel Silva Almeida; Rosemeiry Melo Carvalho; Ruben Dario Mayorga Mera

2008-01-01

393

Growth stimulating effect on queen bee larvae of histone deacetylase inhibitors.  

PubMed

Royal jelly (RJ) is a widely used natural food. It is also a major source of nutrition for queen bees and plays a key role in their development. RJ is secreted from the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of young adult worker bees. The regulation of gene expression in these two glands may influence the development of queen bees by affecting the content of RJ. This study investigated the epigenetic effects in these two glands in young adult worker bees treated with histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis), a U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA), and NBM-HD-1, a novel compound synthesized in this laboratory. Western blot analyses indicated that the levels of acetyl-histone 3 and p21 protein expression in MCF-7 cells increased markedly after treatment with NBM-HD-1. The data proved that NBM-HD-1 was a novel and potent HDACi. Furthermore, a method of affecting epigenetic regulation of the mrjp family gene in the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of young adult worker bees was developed by feeding young adult worker bees HDACi. Epigenetic regulation produced several important biological effects. A marked change in the protein composition of the RJ secreted from these treated bees was found. Only the ratio of specific major royal jelly protein 3 (MRJP3) was significantly altered in the treated bees versus the untreated controls. Other MRJP family proteins did not change. This alteration in the ratio of royal jelly proteins resulted in a significant increase in the body size of queen bee larvae. The data seem to suggest that HDACis may play an important role in the epigenetic regulation of the hypopharyngeal and mandibular glands of young adult worker bees. They appear to change mrjp3 gene expression and alter the ratio of MRJP3 protein in RJ. This study presents the first evidence that HDACis are capable of regulating the ratio of MRJP3 proteins in RJ, which has the potential to change the body size of queen bees during their development. PMID:22642680

Huang, Chung-Yang; Chi, Li-Ling; Huang, Wei-Jan; Chen, Yue-Wen; Chen, Wei-Jung; Kuo, Yu-Cheng; Yuan, Cheng Mike; Chen, Chia-Nan

2012-06-07

394

Mercury speciation in sediments of a tropical coastal environment.  

PubMed

The speciation of mercury in tropical coastal areas, although scarcely studied, has presented an odd behaviour when compared with the results obtained in temperate environments. In this work, we measured the concentrations of mercury species (mercuric mercury, methyl-mercury and dimethyl-mercury) in the sediments of Sepetiba Bay (Brazil) and compared these with geochemical parameters. Twenty-eight sediment samples were extracted in an open microwave system and mercury speciation was carried out by ethylation, cryogenic focusing, gas chromatography and quartz furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Fraction < 63 microm, organic carbon and total sulphur contents and redox potential were measured in order to outline the geochemical characteristics of the sediments. While mercuric mercury presented concentrations ranging between 22.65 and 134.61 ng g(-1), methyl-mercury concentrations ranged between < 2.0 and 4.4 ng g(-1). Only a few dimethyl-mercury concentrations were relatively high (up to 14.6 ng g(-1)). The results of mercuric mercury presented an unexpected positive correlation with sulphur contents showing that mercury is forming stable sulphide complexes, even under very reducing conditions. This would render mercury available for t he formation of methyl- or dimethyl-mercury that would be both fixed in the sediments and volatilised. PMID:12211450

Wasserman, J C; Amouroux, D; Wasserman, M A V; Donard, O F X

2002-08-01

395

Ascomycetous yeast communities of marine invertebrates in a southeast Brazilian mangrove ecosystem.  

PubMed

The ascomycetous yeast communities associated with 3 bivalve mollusk, and 4 crab species were studied in the mangrove at Coroa Grande on Sepetiba Bay in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. These were made up mostly of diverse but sparse and apparently allochtonous yeast populations. The striking exception was a prevalent population of the species Kluyveromyces aestuarii, which predominated the yeast communities of 2 detritus feeding crabs, Sesarma rectum and Uca spp., and the shipworm Neoteredo reynei. However, K. aestuarii was absent from the omnivorous crabs Aratus pisonii and Goniopsis cruentata, and the clam Anomalocardia brasiliana, and was rare in the clam Tagelus plebeius from mostly submerged more sandy sediments. Pichia membranaefaciens, Candida valida-like, Candida krusei, Candida sorbosa, Candida colliculosa-like, Candida famata-like, Kloeckera spp., Candida guilliermondii, Candida albicans, Candida silvae, Geotrichum spp., Rhodotorula spp., Cryptococcus spp., and the methylotrophic yeast Candida boidinii were frequently isolated. The 322 ascomycetous yeast cultures representing 252 isolates from crabs and mollusks were classified as 40 species that fit standard descriptions, and 44 putative new species. The ascomycetous yeast communities of the mangrove ecosystem include many new biotypes that require better taxonomic definition. PMID:8546456

de Araujo, F V; Soares, C A; Hagler, A N; Mendonça-Hagler, L C

1995-08-01

396

CARACTERIZAÇÃO DA PRODUÇÃO CIENTÍFICA SOBRE DOENÇAS SEXUALMENTE TRANSMISSÍVEIS E HIV\\/AIDS PUBLICADOS EM PERIÓDICOS DE ENFERMAGEM DO BRASIL CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTION ABOUT SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES AND HIV\\/AIDS PUBLISHED IN BRAZILIAN NURSING JOURNAL CARACTERIZACIÓN DE PRODUCCÍON CIENTÍFICA SOBRE ENFERMEDADES SEXUALMENTE TRASMISIBLES Y SIDA PUBLICADOS EN PERIÓDICOS DE ENFERMERÍA DE BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

STD\\/Aids control represents a challenge to humanity due to its biopychosocial impact. In view of this reality, an exploratory, descriptive and documental study was conducted with the purpose to characterize the scientific production on STD published in 14 Brazilian nursing journals from 1933 to 1999. The sample consisted of 73 publications of which 55 concerned HIV\\/Aids and 18 were related

Renata Karina Reis; Elucir Gir

397

'Acceptable rebellion': marketing hipster aesthetics to sell Camel cigarettes in the US  

PubMed Central

Objective The aim of the present work was to understand why and how RJ Reynolds and other tobacco companies have marketed tobacco products to young adult social trendsetting consumers (termed ‘hipsters’) to recruit trendsetters and average consumers to smoke. Methods Analysis of tobacco industry documents and industry marketing materials. Results Since 1995, RJ Reynolds developed its marketing campaigns to better suit the lifestyle, image identity and attitudes of hip trendsetters (so-called ‘hipsters’), and Camel’s brand identity actively shifted to more closely convey the hipster persona. Camel emphasised in-venue events such as promotional music tours to link the brand and smoking to activities and symbols appealing to hipsters and their emulating masses. Conclusions To reach this targeted and socially valuable trend-setting population, public health advocates must tap into hipster psychology and expose to the targeted community the tobacco company’s efforts to infiltrate the hipster community to turn hipsters into tobacco-using role models.

Hendlin, Yogi; Anderson, Stacey J; Glantz, Stanton A

2011-01-01

398

The Creation of Industry Front Groups: The Tobacco Industry and "Get Government Off Our Back"  

PubMed Central

We investigated how industries use front groups to combat public health measures by analyzing tobacco industry documents, contemporaneous media reports, journal articles, and press releases regarding “Get Government Off Our Back,” a coalition created by the tobacco industry. RJ Reynolds created Get Government Off Our Back in 1994 to fight federal regulation of tobacco. By keeping its involvement secret, RJ Reynolds was able to draw public and legislative support and to avoid the tobacco industry reputation for misrepresenting evidence. The tobacco industry is not unique in its creation of such groups. Research on organizational background and funding could identify other industry front groups. Those who seek to establish measures to protect public health should be prepared to counter the argument that government should not regulate private behavior.

Apollonio, Dorie E.; Bero, Lisa A.

2007-01-01

399

Perturbation of the Jovian thermosphere by a transient solar wind pulse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The importance of the Jovian thermosphere with regard to magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling is often neglected in magnetospheric physics. We simulate the response of the ionosphere-thermosphere and aurorae to transient variations in solar wind pressure, by coupling a simplified magnetosphere model with an azimuthally symmetric global circulation model. The Jovian magnetosphere in our simulations is compressed from an expanded steady-state over a period of 90 minutes, moving inward from a standoff distance of 85 RJ to 45 RJ. We present the ensuing response of the thermospheric momentum sources, and the resulting auroral signatures of this transient event. We find significant changes in ion drag and momentum advection, as well as a significant brightening of the main aurora by a factor of ~4.5.

Yates, J. N.; Achilleos, N.; Guio, P.

2012-04-01

400

Les auditeurs polonais des cours de minéralogie de René Just Haüy au Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper analyses a list of thirty-four Poles, listeners to the mineralogy lectures given by R.-J. Haüy at MNHN in Paris. These students played an important role in the history of Polish Earth Sciences (S. Staszic and F. Drzewi?ski), but also in other scientific fields (J. Markowski, I. Ab?amowicz, F. Drzewi?ski, M.A. Paw?owicz, J.K. Skrodzki, E.K. Nowicki), and even in political and cultural life of Poland (A. Downarowicz, J. Weyssenhoff, S. Plater, J. Bieli?ski, F. Potocki). This paper presents later relations between R.-J. Haüy and his Polish students. A possibility of the Poles' attendance to mineralogy lectures given at other Parisian scientific institutions, like the 'École des mines' and the 'College de France', is also discussed. To cite this article: R. Tarkowski, P. Daszkiewicz, C. R. Geoscience 338 (2006).

Tarkowski, Rados?aw; Daszkiewicz, Piotr

2006-09-01

401

Jovian periodicities (?10 h, ?40 min) on Ulysses’ Distant Jupiter Encounter observations around the Halloween CIR events  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyzed data from four different instruments (HI-SCALE, URAP, SWOOPS, VHM\\/FGM) onboard Ulysses spacecraft (s\\/c) and we searched for possible evidence of Jovian emissions when the s\\/c approached Jupiter during the times of Halloween events (closest time approach\\/position to Jupiter: February 5, 2004\\/R=1683 RJ,?=?49°). In particular, we analyzed extensively the low energy ion measurements obtained by the HI-SCALE experiment in

G. C. Anagnostopoulos; I. Louri; P. Marhavilas; E. T. Sarris

2009-01-01

402

Development of a microtiter plate version of the yeast DEL assay amenable to high-throughput toxicity screening of chemical libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

The yeast plate-based deletion (DEL) assay has been previously shown to detect a wide range of carcinogens. Of 60 compounds of known carcinogenic activity, 92% were correctly detectable with the DEL assay whereas 62% were correctly detectable with the Ames assay [W.W. Ku, J. Aubrecht, R.J. Mauthe, R.H. Schiestl, A.J. Fornace Jr., Why not start with a single test: a

Nikos Hontzeas; Kurt Hafer; Robert H. Schiestl

2007-01-01

403

Nonsurgical treatment for radicular of pain of zygoapophyseal joint cyst origin: Therapeutic selective nerve root block  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slipman CW, Lipetz JS, Herzog RJ, Vresilovic EJ. Nonsurgical treatment for radicular pain of zygoapophyseal joint cyst origin: therapeutic selective nerve root block. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81:1119-22. We report the first case of zygoapophyseal joint cyst–induced radicular pain successfully treated with therapeutic selective nerve root block. A 56-year-old dentist presented with pain involving the lateral thigh, lateral calf, and

Curtis W. Slipman; Jason S. Lipetz; Richard J. Herzog; Edward J. Vresilovic

2000-01-01

404

Jupiter Polar Orbiter: an Investigation of Magnetosphere-Ionosphere-Thermosphere Coupling at Jupiter  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Galileo mission has added enormously to our knowledge of the Jupiter system. However, as pointed out by the Committee on Planetary and Lunar Exploration (COMPLEX) in its 1994 report, "An Integrated Strategy for the Planetary Sciences: 1995-2010," Galileo will miss the "high latitudes that are essential to studies of aurorae, substorms, and magnetospheric coupling.... Also the crucial Io region will be only minimally sampled." We present a concept for a Jupiter Polar Orbiter (JPO) mission that would address key questions about Jupiter's magnetosphere and its coupling with the upper atmosphere that Galileo will leave unanswered.The nominal JPO mission would focus on three scientific themes: 1) magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling as manifested in Jupiter's auroral-zone and equatorial emissions; 2) acceleration and transport of charged particles within the magnetosphere, particularly in the unexplored high-latitude region, the critical regions of the inner magnetosphere between 6 and 10 R_J, and in the equatorial magnetosphere at 30 R_J; and 3) thermospheric dynamics and thermosphere-ionosphere-magnetosphere coupling. An experiment payload optimized to address the JPO science themes would comprise (i) instrumentation for in-situ particles-and-fields measurements and (ii) a suite of imagers for global auroral imaging at ultraviolet and X-ray wavelengths, energetic neutral atom imaging of hot ion populations in the inner and middle magnetosphere, and near- infrared imaging of thermospheric winds. A near-90-degree polar orbit, with a perijove of 1 R_J and an apojove of 30 R_J, would permit in-situ measurements over a range of altitudes and allow both global imaging of auroral and equatorial emissions and the Io torus and, at low-periapsis, high-resolution imaging of the thermospheric wind system. Mission duration would be one year.

Dibiasi, M.; Lewis, W. S.; Waite, J. H.; Mauk, B. H.

1998-09-01

405

Biotransformation of cholesterol by Micrococcus species mediated by plasmid DNA  

Microsoft Academic Search

A steroid-biotransforming strain RJ6 was identified as Micrococcus roseus. This bacterium has a 10?kb plasmid pMQV10. Curing mediated through cultivation of the culture with a low concentration (200?ng\\/ml) of mitomycin C is described. Loss of cholesterol degradation (chol+) and streptomycin resistance (Smr) phenotypes as a consequence of the loss of plasmid indicate the extrachromosomal location of these two genes in

N. Dogra; G. N. Qazi

1999-01-01

406

Sister chromatid exchange data fit with a mixture of Poisson distributions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bowman et al. [K.O. Bowman, Wesley Eddings, Marvin A. Kastenbaum, L.R. Shenton. Sister chromatid exchange data and Gram–Charlier series, Mutat. Res., 403 (1998) 159–169.] have shown that a Gram–Charlier modification of a negative binomial distribution gives a reasonable fit to counts of sister chromatid exchange (SCE) data originally presented by Bender et al. [M.A. Bender, R.J. Preston, R. C. Leonard,

R. H. Byers; L. R. Shenton

1999-01-01

407

If I touch it I have to have it: Individual and environmental influences on impulse purchasing  

Microsoft Academic Search

This research examines the influence of touch on impulse-purchasing behavior. We first replicate the Rook and Fisher [Rook DW, Fisher RJ. Normative influences on impulsive buying behavior. J Consum Res 1995;22:305–13.] studies about the moderating effect of the normative evaluation of impulse purchase on impulse-purchasing behavior. Extending the impulse-purchasing literature, we examine individual differences in touch and how they affect

Joann Peck; Terry L. Childers

2006-01-01

408

Rehabilitation of orthopedic and rheumatologic disorders. 4. Rheumatoid arthritis and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Shih VC, Kamen LB, Kaplan RJ, Stitik TP, Bitar AA, Vo AN. Rehabilitation of orthopedic and rheumatologic disorders. 4. Rheumatoid arthritis and calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease.This self-directed learning module highlights a clinical vignette of 2 patients: (1) a woman with bilateral, distal, upper-limb pain assessed by differential diagnosis, laboratory work-up, and treatment of rheumatologic disorders frequently seen in the physiatric

Vivian C. Shih; Leonard B. Kamen; Robert J. Kaplan; Todd P. Stitik; Ali A. Bitar; Andrew N. Vo

2005-01-01

409

Complete synthetic seismograms for 3-D heterogeneous Earth models computed using modified DSM operators and their applicability to inversion for Earth structure  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We compute complete (including both body and surface waves) synthetic seismograms for laterally and vertically heterogeneous Earth models using the Direct Solution Method (DSM). We use the optimally accurate modified operators derived by Geller and Takeuchi [Geller, R.J., Takeuchi, N., 1995. A new method for computing highly accurate DSM synthetic seismograms. Geophys. J. Int. 123, 449-470] and extended to spherical coordinates by Takeuchi et al. [Takeuchi, N., Geller, R.J., Cummins, P.R., 1996. Highly accurate P-SV complete synthetic seismograms using modified DSM operators. Geophys. Res. Lett. 23, 1175-1178] and Cummins et al. [Cummins, P.R., Takeuchi, N., Geller, R.J., 1997. Computation of complete synthetic seismograms for laterally heterogenous models using the Direct Solution Method. Geophys. J. Int. 130, 1-16] for 1- and 3-D models, respectively. In this study we greatly reduce the CPU time by treating the laterally heterogeneous structure as a perturbation to a spherically symmetric model (i.e., using the Born approximation). Note, however, that (1) our methods do not require the use of the Born approximation and (2) the reference model for the Born approximation is not required to be spherically symmetric. The synthetic seismograms in this paper are computed using the first-order Born approximation. However, accuracy can be greatly improved by using higher order terms of the Born series; theoretical results are presented in this paper, and some preliminary numerical examples are presented in this volume by Igel et al. [Igel, H., Takeuchi, N., Geller, R.J., Megnin, C., Bunge, H.P., Clévédé, E., Dalkolmo, J., Romanowicz, B., 1998. The COSY project: verification of global seismic modeling algorithms, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., this issue].

Takeuchi, N.; Geller, R. J.; Cummins, P. R.

2000-04-01

410

The Lowry Protein Assay: Linearization of Standard Curve by Double Reciprocal Plot  

Microsoft Academic Search

The standard curve for the Lowry protein assay [Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. (1951), J. Biol. Chem. 193, 265–2751 is nonlinear. It is confirmed here that the standard curve for bovine serum albumin may be linearized over a wide concentration range by using a double reciprocal plot (l\\/absorbance vs 1\\/protein concentration). The suitability of this transformation

Hugh D. Campbell

1983-01-01

411

PCR Sampling of disease resistance-like sequences from a disease resistance gene cluster in soybean  

Microsoft Academic Search

Clusters of Resistance-like genes (RLGs) have been identified from a variety of plant species. In soybean, RLG-specific primers and BAC-fingerprinting were used to develop a contig of overlapping BACs for a cluster of RLGs on soybean linkage group J. The resistance genes Rps2 (Phytophthora stem and root rot) and Rmd-c (powdery mildew) and the ineffective nodulation gene Rj2 were previously

M. A. Graham; L. F. Marek; R. C. Shoemaker

2002-01-01

412

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, , 08/15/1975  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... tiOt'IW(il'\\ ,'ntl '.I~~!j·f ttv r""I'IIJ a'p~\\ Add 1J}:h 5::r:J~ IJr 'IJ I't ~i1!'o SY'U!l '.r"Jh~~ !C ~_:~I\\ ·I.~'P' .~ ~q~~ i-:' ,t?"! '~I't" Fru:t fi:es (u,o~Jphili1 sp, in ,lftd ...

2011-04-13

413

Enhancement of rat bladder contraction by artificial sweeteners via increased extracellular Ca 2+ influx  

Microsoft Academic Search

IntroductionConsumption of carbonated soft drinks has been shown to be independently associated with the development of overactive bladder symptoms (OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.18, 2.22) [Dallosso, H.M., McGrother, C.W., Matthews, R.J., Donaldson, M.M.K., 2003. The association of diet and other lifestyle factors with overactive bladder and stress incontinence: a longitudinal study in women. BJU Int. 92, 69–77]. We evaluated the

Jaydip Dasgupta; Ruth A. Elliott; Angie Doshani; Douglas G. Tincello

2006-01-01

414

Hemispheric lateralization in an analysis of speech sounds  

Microsoft Academic Search

Evoked magnetic responses to speech sounds [R. Näätänen, A. Lehtokoski, M. Lennes, M. Cheour, M. Huotilainen, A. Iivonen, M. Vainio, P. Alku, R.J. Ilmoniemi, A. Luuk, J. Allik, J. Sinkkonen and K. Alho, Language-specific phoneme representations revealed by electric and magnetic brain responses. Nature, 385 (1997) 432–434.] were recorded from 13 Japanese subjects (right-handed). Infrequently presented vowels ([o]) among repetitive

Sachiko Koyama; Atsuko Gunji; Hirooki Yabe; Shoko Oiwa; Reiko Akahane-Yamada; Ryusuke Kakigi; Risto Näätänen

2000-01-01

415

Youth Targeting By Tobacco Manufacturers Since The Master Settlement Agreement The first study to document violations of the youth-targeting ban in magazine ads by the three top U.S. tobacco companies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) between tobacco manufacturers and forty-six states bans manufacturers from targeting minors through advertising.To determine how youth targeting in magazine cigarette advertisements changed after the MSA, we analyzed magazine readership and cigarette ads in U.S. magazines from 1997 to 2000. In 2000 all three major manufacturers (Philip Morris, R.J. Reynolds, and Brown and Williamson) failed

Paul J. Chung; Craig F. Garfield; Paul J. Rathouz; Diane S. Lauderdale; Dana Best; John Lantos

416

Hypoglossal nerve palsy from cervical spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: 3 case reports  

Microsoft Academic Search

Blankenship LD, Basford JR, Strommen JA, Andersen RJ. Hypoglossal nerve palsy from cervical spine involvement in rheumatoid arthritis: 3 case reports. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2002;83:269-72. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) involvement of the cervical spine is a well-known but perhaps underappreciated phenomenon. Neurologic complications of this involvement include pain, myelopathy, and cranial nerve (CN) palsies. However, hypoglossal nerve palsy (CN XII)

Lisa D. Blankenship; Jeffrey R. Basford; Jeffrey A. Strommen; Renee J. Andersen

2002-01-01

417

Dose studies on anti-proteolytic effects of a methanol extract from Knautia arvensis on in vitro ruminal fermentation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A protein sparing effect in mixed cultures of rumen microbes, recently described for the field scabious Knautia arvensis [Selje-Assmann, N., Hoffmann, E.M., Muetzel, S., Ningrat, R., Wallace, R.J., Becker, K., 2007. Results of a screening programme to identify plants or plant extracts that inhibit ruminal protein degradation. Br. J. Nutr. 98, 45–53], and extractable with methanol, was similar to effects

Ellen M. Hoffmann; Natascha Selje-Assmann; Klaus Becker

2008-01-01

418

The Odderon and Invariants of Elliptic Curves  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this talk we present some links of the theory of the odderon with elliptic\\u000acurves. These results were obtained in an earlier work \\\\cite{RJ}. The natural\\u000adegrees of freedom of the odderon turn out to coincide with conformal\\u000ainvariants of elliptic curves with a fixed `sign'. This leads to a formulation\\u000aof the odderon which is modular invariant with

Romuald A. Janik

1996-01-01

419

Isolation and identification of the pollen-expressed polymorphic F-box genes linked to the S -locus in apple ( Malus  ×  domestica )  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using degenerate primers designed based on the conserved regions of the reported SLF\\/SFB genes, more than a dozen of different cDNA clones were isolated from pollen of three different apple S-genotypes by reverse transcription (RT)-PCR. The 5?- and 3?-rapid amplification of cDNA end in combination with RT-PCR allowed isolation of two full-length cDNAs, whose corresponding genes (RJ28-2 and Mg15, later

Jianhong Cheng; Zhenhai Han; Xuefeng Xu; Tianzhong Li

2006-01-01

420

A family of major royal jelly proteins of the honeybee Apis mellifera L  

Microsoft Academic Search

The characterization of major proteins of honeybee larval jelly (49 - 87 kDa) was performed by the sequencing of new complementary DNAs (cDNAs) obtained from a honeybee head cDNA library, by the determination of N-terminal sequences of the proteins, and by analyses of the newly obtained and known sequence data concerning the proteins. It was found that royal jelly (RJ)

J. Schmitzová; J. Klaudiny; Š. Albert; W. Schröder; W. Schreckengost; J. Hanes; J. Júdová; J. Šimúth

1998-01-01

421

Proposal of a geo-environmental zoning method based on Ottobasin compartmentalization  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper proposes a new geo-environmental zoning method based on the hydrographic basin compartmentalization and codification\\u000a technique known as the Ottobasin Method [Pfafstetter in Classificação de Bacias Hidrográficas—Metodologia de Codificação Rio\\u000a de Janeiro, RJ. Departamento Nacional de Obras de Saneamento (DNOS), p 19, 1989]. A study was carried out in the Pardo River Basin, São Paulo, Brazil. Ottobasins were characterized

Silvana Brandão Fontes; Osni José Pejon

2008-01-01

422

Combustion joining of refractory materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper overviews heterogeneous exothermic reactive systems as they apply to the joining of materials. Techniques that\\u000a are investigated fall under two general schemes: so-called Volume Combustion Synthesis (VCS) and Self-Propagating High-Temperature\\u000a Synthesis (SHS). Within the VCS scheme, applications that are considered include Reactive Joining (RJ), Reactive Resistance\\u000a Welding (RRW), and Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS). Under the SHS scheme, Combustion

A. S. Mukasyan; J. D. E. White

2007-01-01

423

Keck Infrared Observations of Jupiter's Ring System near Earth's 1997 Ring Plane Crossing  

Microsoft Academic Search

We imaged the jovian ring system at a wavelength of 2.27 ?m with the 10-m W. M. Keck telescope on August 14 and 15, 1997, when the ring plane was almost edge-on (opening angle ?=0.17°) and near opposition (phase angle ??1.1°). The resolution in the images is 0.6?=0.025RJ. We obtained the first images of the jovian halo and gossamer ring

Imke de Pater; Mark R. Showalter; Joseph A. Burns; Philip D. Nicholson; Michael C. Liu; Douglas P. Hamilton; James R. Graham

1999-01-01

424

Vacuum packing: a model system for laboratory-scale silage fermentations  

Microsoft Academic Search

H.E. JOHNSON, R.J. MERRY, D.R. DAVIES, D.B. KELL, M.K. THEODOROU AND G.W. GRIFFITH. 2004. Aims: To determine the utility of vacuum-packed polythene bags as a convenient, flexible and cost-effective alternative to fixed volume glass vessels for lab-scale silage studies. Methods and Results: Using perennial ryegrass or red clover forage, similar fermentations (as assessed by pH measurement) occurred in glass tube

H. E. Johnson; R. J. Merry; D. R. Davies; D. B. Kell; M. K. Theodorou; G. W. Griffith

2005-01-01

425

Development of a Numerical Model to Simulate Pressure Distributions in Ultrasound Angioplasty  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrasound Angioplasty has been shown to be effective in the removal and re-canalising of blockages in arteries (Siegel RJ, 1993). The ultrasound is delivered via a wire waveguide to the lesion location. The wire, generally, has a ball-tip at the distal end to increase transmission of the ultrasound to the surrounding fluid by causing the ball-tip to oscillate between 20–

Graham Gavin; Garrett McGuinness; Finbar Dolan; M. S. Hashmi

2004-01-01

426

Three-parameter approach for elastic–plastic fracture of the semi-elliptical surface crack under tension  

Microsoft Academic Search

Systematic three-dimensional elastic–plastic finite element analyses are carried out for a semi-elliptical surface crack in plates under tension. Various aspect ratios (a\\/c) of three-dimensional fields are analyzed near the semi-elliptical surface crack front. It is shown that the developed J–Q annulus can effectively describe the influence of the in-plane stress parameters as the radial distances (r\\/(J\\/?0)) are relatively small, while

Junhua Zhao; Wanlin Guo; Chongmin She

2008-01-01

427

Plasmid transduction in Paenibacillus polymyxa  

Microsoft Academic Search

A previously described soil-isolated Paenibacillus polymyxa bacteriophage named IPy1 was shown to mediate transduction of plasmid DNA. Transductants of strain Loutit containing pC194, pBC16 and pRJ45 were detected at frequencies in the range of 5 × 10-7 to 1.2 × 10-6 per PFU. Rearrangements or deletions were not detected in these plasmids as a consequence of transduction. Plasmid pC194 was

E. C. N. Ferreira; V. B. Clementino; G. F. Duarte; L. Seldin

1999-01-01

428

DEVELOPMENTAL TOXICITY EVALUATION OF WATER FROM ALTERNATIVE DISINFECTION SCENARIOS  

EPA Science Inventory

NAROTSKY1, M.G., D.S. BEST1, E.H. ROGERS1, A. McDONALD1, Y.M. SEY1, E.S. HUNTER III 1, L.K. TEUSCHLER2, R.J. MILTNER3, T.F. SPETH3, G. RICE2, K.M. SCHENCK3, S.D. RICHARDSON4, M.C. MARR5, and J.E. SIMMONS1. 1US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Health and Environment...

429

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, ALCIDE ABQ 10:1:1 HIGH ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

Page 1. I (' r All'llll-. Al\\l~ I\\,\\SL 1(1: I: I f,'r U~l' \\,'i til "L(,IIlL Al\\l) Al'II\\'Art)RI(): I: I SU,rj I izing I.('vel: All'lllI-. ... 1'.-\\ kq~. :\\' 01 j :\\1'111 /-1',)(" j/ - 1(1 \\5'. ''; ...

2011-04-21

430

B Baacctteerriiaall--iinndduucceedd rreelleeaassee ooff iinnffllaammmmaattoorryy mmeeddiiaattoorrss b byy bbrroonncchhiiaall eeppiitthheelliiaall cceellllss  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bacterial-induced release of inflammatory mediators by bronchial epithelial cells. O.A. Khair, R.J. Davies, J.L. Devalia. ©ERS Journals Ltd 1996. ABSTRACT: This review focuses on bacterial induction and release of inflamma- tory cytokines and adhesion molecules by human bronchial epithelial cells, with spe- cial reference to Haemophilus influenzae, a pathogen commonly associated with chronic bronchitis. Studies investigating the mechanisms underlying bacterial

O. A. Khair; R. J. Davies; J. L. Devalia

1996-01-01

431

Keratinocyte growth factor-induced hyperplasia of rat alveolar type II cells in vivo is resolved by differentiation into type I cells and by apoptosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Keratinocyte growth factor-induced hyperplasia of rat alveolar type II cells in vivo is re- solved by differentiation into type I cells and by apoptosis. H. Fehrenbach, M. Kasper, T. Tschernig, T. Pan, D. Schuh, J.M. Shannon, M. Muller, R.J. Mason.#ERS Journals Ltd 1999. ABSTRACT: Keratinocyte growth factor (KGF) is a potent mitogen of alveolar epi- thelial type II cells (AEII).

H. Fehrenbach; M. Kasper; T. Tschernig; T. Pan; D. Schuh; J. M. Shannon; M. Müller; R. J. Mason

1999-01-01

432

Interspecific Transfer of Streptomyces Giant Linear Plasmids in Sterile Amended Soil Microcosms†  

PubMed Central

The interspecific transfer of two giant linear plasmids was investigated in sterile soil microcosms. Plasmids pRJ3L (322 kb) and pRJ28 (330 kb), both encoding mercury resistance, were successfully transferred in amended soil microcosms from their streptomycete hosts, the isolates CHR3 and CHR28, respectively, to a plasmidless and mercury-sensitive strain, Streptomyces lividans TK24. Transconjugants of S. lividans TK24 were first observed after 2 to 3 days of incubation at 30°C, which corresponded to the time taken for the formation of mycelia in soil. Transfer frequencies were 4.8 × 10?4 and 3.6 × 10?5 CFU/donor genome for pRJ3L and pRJ28, respectively. Transconjugants were analyzed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis for the presence of plasmids, and plasmid identity was confirmed by restriction digests. Total genomic DNA digests confirmed that transconjugants were S. lividans TK24. The mercury resistance genes were shown to be on the plasmid in the transconjugants by hybridization analysis and were still functional. This is the first demonstration of transfer of giant linear plasmids in sterile soil microcosms. Giant linear plasmids were detected in many Streptomyces spp. isolated from mercury-contaminated sediments from Boston Harbor (United States), Townsville Harbor (Australia), and the Sali River (Tucuman, Argentina). Mercury resistance genes were shown to be present on some of these plasmids. Our findings that giant linear plasmids can be transferred between Streptomyces spp. and are common in environmental Streptomyces isolates suggest that these plasmids are important in gene transfer between streptomycetes in the environment.

Ravel, Jacques; Wellington, Elizabeth M. H.; Hill, Russell T.

2000-01-01

433

Deep Space Network Receiving Systems' Operating Noise Temperature Measurements  

Microsoft Academic Search

The operating noise temperature (Top )o fradio frequency (RF) receiving systems can be calculated using measured power ratios obtained when switching between calibration loads at different temperatures. One method uses the Rayleigh-Jeans (R-J) approximation to determine the noise temperature of the calibration loads (4-6). An exact calculation uses Planck's radiation law (4-6). We show that small receiver (Te) and antenna

C. T. Stelzried; R. C. Clauss; S. M. Petty

2003-01-01

434

The Mass of the Milky Way Galaxy  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use the Jaffe model as a global mass distribution for the Galaxy and\\u000adetermine the circular velocity $v_c$ and the Jaffe radius $r_j$ using the\\u000asatellites of the Galaxy, estimates of the local escape velocity of stars, the\\u000aconstraints imposed by the known rotation curve of the disk, and the Local\\u000aGroup timing model. The models include the systematic

Christopher S. Kochanek

1995-01-01

435

Theoretical relationship between stomatal resistance and surface temperatures in sparse vegetation  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between stomatal resistance and foliage temperature in sparse vegetation has been the subject of previous papers [Smith, R.C.G., Barrs, H.D., Fischer, R.A., 1988. Agric. Forest. Meteorol. 42, 183–198; Shuttleworth, W.J., Gurney, R.J., 1990. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 116, 497–519], in which the modeling is based upon the one-dimensional two-layer approach of Shuttleworth and Wallace [Shuttleworth, W.J., Wallace,

J. P. Lhomme; B. Monteny

2000-01-01

436

Molecular characterisation of the diazotrophic bacterial community in uninoculated and inoculated field-grown sugarcane ( Saccharum sp.)  

Microsoft Academic Search

To identify active diazotrophs in sugarcane, 16S rRNA and nifH transcript analyses were applied. This should help to better understand the basis of the biological nitrogen fixation (BNF)\\u000a activity of a high nitrogen fixing sugarcane variety. A field experiment using the sugarcane variety RB 867515 was conducted\\u000a in Seropédica, RJ, Brazil, receiving the following treatments: unfertilised and fertilised controls without

Doreen Fischer; Barbara Pfitzner; Michael Schmid; Jean L. Simões-Araújo; Veronica M. Reis; William Pereira; Ernesto Ormeño-Orrillo; Brigitte Hai; Andreas Hofmann; Michael Schloter; Esperanza Martinez-Romero; Jose Ivo Baldani; Anton Hartmann

437

The Graduate Record Examination as an indicator of learning of the curriculum taught to physics majors in US institutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A study is described to evaluate the Graduate Record Examination (GRE) as an indicator of learning by undergraduate physics majors. Measures were obtained of the overlap of the Graduate Record Examination in physics with the curriculum as it is taught to physics majors in US colleges and universities. The output of the project, for a given subfield f and set j of institutions, was two numbers Rj, f1 and Rj, f2. These two numbers estimated the extent to which (1) for Rj, f1, the curriculum prepares students at institutions j to take that part of the GRE which covers subfield f and (2) for Rj, f2, the GRE covers the materials in subfield f taught in the curriculum of institutions j. The subfields f were mechanics, electricity and magnetism, statistical mechanics and thermodynamics, modern physics, and ``other'' (including experimental, mathematical, and solid-state physics). The institutions j were grouped into four categories: ``top graduate'' (those with the 20 best-ranked graduate programs); ``top undergraduate'' (those participating in the Oberlin Conference on College Science); ``random graduate'' (other institutions with graduate programs); and ``random undergraduate'' (other institutions without graduate programs). Generally the results show that the GRE does not cover the entire curriculum (low values of R2) for any institutional type. With regard to the coverage of the GRE by the curriculum (R1 values), there are significant differences between institutions of different types. Institutions with graduate programs have curricula that cover the modern physics and statistical mechanics aspects of the GRE significantly better than institutions without graduate programs.

Halley, J. W.; Adjoudani, Azin; Heller, Patricia; Terwilliger, James S.

1991-05-01

438

Millimeter-wave Detectors Based on Antenna-coupled Low-barrier Schottky Diodes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The principles of construction of millimeter wave detectors based on low-barrier Schottky diodes and planar antennas are discussed.\\u000a The modified planar slot antenna with low beam spillover at the resonant frequency of 94 GHz has been developed. Experiments\\u000a have been carried out to investigate detecting characteristics of the diodes with differential contact resistances $$ R_{j} = 1 \\\\div 1000\\\\;{\\\\text{k}}\\\\Omega $$ at

Vladimir I. Shashkin; Yuri A. Drjagin; Vjacheslav R. Zakamov; Sergei V. Krivov; Lev M. Kukin; Arcady V. Murel; Yuri I. Chechenin

2007-01-01

439

The location of planetary bow shocks: A critical overview of theory and observations  

Microsoft Academic Search

A bow shock BS has been observed in the collisionless solar wind upstream of every planet except Pluto, which has yet to be visited by a spacecraft. They are all of similar character, but their size relative to the planet varies widely, e.g., the planeto-centric distance to the BS nose ranges from about 1.4 RV for Venus to 88 RJ

J. R Spreiter; S. S. Stahara

1995-01-01

440

Funding arrangements for UK Universities and their libraries  

Microsoft Academic Search

‘University library financing in Britain has all the precision of a coven of witches. No one knows how precisely it is worked out’ (R.J. Bates, 1973)This quote could equally have been applied to the financing of U.K. universities at the time. It provides a suitable introduction to the first of the two themes of this paper. This is the shift

Tom Graham

1996-01-01

441

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, SENCOR SOLUPAK 75% ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... l(hI)ID'T>,buml P~~'f"'l' If.~~ P CC P C 5 C p p S p S ( IP~~O{II'" r~'~~'1 I1rJ P..« P CCC p C · p .. ( p c · 1(1'1',";1 ~~!"J: '''' p l C P , · p p CPS · ,rf"''''U ...

2011-04-21

442

Comparison of bee products based on assays of antioxidant capacities  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Bee products (including propolis, royal jelly, and bee pollen) are popular, traditional health foods. We compared antioxidant effects among water and ethanol extracts of Brazilian green propolis (WEP or EEP), its main constituents, water-soluble royal jelly (RJ), and an ethanol extract of bee pollen. METHODS: The hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-, superoxide anion (O2·-)-, and hydroxyl radical (HO·)- scavenging capacities of

Yoshimi Nakajima; Kazuhiro Tsuruma; Masamitsu Shimazawa; Satoshi Mishima; Hideaki Hara

2009-01-01

443

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, 4.0% RABON PREMIX FOR ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... t. unC'A:"!.- Cl tt..! .:IJ 1 UL1ta n: ; ?. .l :':tJ(! ... J) c.Jl1t ii, ti'l:I hHU'1til ~IL'le fI,t!' LI:I';jIO tJ: tll-'i-'U.." "rJ .:.on"o .... lecu,(." IhroulihO~1 ttl. h.mmet "nu !Ill0 Ih. ...

2011-04-21

444

Efficacy of daytime continuous positive airway pressure titration in severe obstructive sleep apnoea  

Microsoft Academic Search

Efficacy of daytime continuous positive airway pressure titration in severe obstructive sleep apnoea. J.C. Rudkowski, P. Verschelden, R.J. Kimoff. #ERS Journals Ltd 2001. ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to evaluate manual nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) titration during daytime polysomnography compared with conventional overnight titration for patients with severe obstructive sleep apnoea. Thirty-two patients who underwent daytime

J. C. Rudkowski; P. Verschelden; R. J. Kimoff

2001-01-01

445

Surface density of extremely red objects with R - J >= 5  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present the results of a wide-field survey for extremely red objects (EROs), based on J and R band imaging. The survey covers 2.89 deg2, consisting of 50 single fields, each approximately 210 arcmin2 in size. This survey provides a sample of 60 extended objects with a colour of R-J >= 5 and J band magnitudes more than 10sigma above

A. Hempel; T. M. Herbst; D. J. Thompson

2005-01-01

446

Is the practice of yoga associated with positive outcomes? The role of passion  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using the dualistic model of passion [Vallerand, R.J., Blanchard, C.M., Mageau, G.A., Koestner, R., Ratelle, C.F., Léonard, M.,?…?Marsolais, J. (2003). Les passions de l’âme: On obsessive and harmonious passion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 756–767], this research represents an initial attempt to examine whether an activity that is generally recognized to have widespread benefits, namely yoga, can still

Noémie Carbonneau; Robert J. Vallerand; Sabrina Massicotte

2010-01-01

447

Linear Secret Sharing from Algebraic-Geometric Codes  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is well-known that the linear secret-sharing scheme (LSSS) can be constructed from linear error-correcting codes (Brickell (1), R.J. McEliece and D.V.Sarwate (2),Cramer, el.,(3)). The theory of linear codes from algebraic-geometric curves (algebraic-geometric (AG) codes or geo- metric Goppa code) has been well-developed since the work of V.Goppa and Tsfasman, Vladut, and Zink( see (17), (18) and (19)). In this

Hao Chen

2006-01-01

448

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, PARATHION 25W, 07/03 ...  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... R,,:,! d .i;TII ,\\tt'.lfl df / If) 10 '1..1i lf1tPI'J II ~ wdil '!!1~I(1i'(, 1 [h (';1 t ',! ? -IY th,!: 1 f) fl,l'"'' r)f 11,lf'Jf'r,t srrr r " ;;It ,!' ip'ifl:rj~

2011-04-14

449

The ``missing link'': A 4-day period transiting exoplanet around OGLE-TR-111  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the discovery of a transiting hot Jupiter around OGLE-TR-111, from our radial velocity follow-up of OGLE transiting candidates in Carina. The planet has a mass of 0.53 ± 0.11 MJ and a radius of 1.0+0.13-0.06 RJ. Three transiting exoplanets have already been found among OGLE candidates, all with periods near 1.5 days. The planet presented here, with P=4.0

Frederic Pont; Francois Bouchy; Didier Queloz; N. C. Santos; Claudio Melo; Michel Mayor; Stephane Udry

2004-01-01

450

Simulation of Competitive Mechanism for Limited Resources by Two-Species Meta-Populations in Two Patches  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study, according to the model of the meta-population of two species competition for two kinds of linear-growth resources which is developed by Liang R.J., STELLA was used to simulate the competition mechanisms of two consumer species in different patches, utilizing the limited resources. The dynamic process was simulated under different situations: When the two species’ migration rates are

Liu Kunkun; Li Chunhui; Pang Aiping; Cai Yanpeng

2010-01-01

451

US EPA, Pesticide Product Label, BORID TURBO, 07/03/1990  

EPA Pesticide Factsheets

... Pilck"'9 ('::rJ ... r.;nJ!frT£U ... 1'O I"£' "'p: In iI I''':'er'l s!Ofa~1'! arCiI r:l':-DOSAL' tlO !"lot reuse ...

2011-04-21

452

Radiometric Analyses of Beach Sands from the Southeast of Brazil  

SciTech Connect

Natural gamma radiation measurements of coastal sand deposits were used to determine the provenance of the sandy sediments and to obtain information about paleo-sea-levels along the coast of three Brazilian States: Sao Paulo (SP), Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and Espirito Santo (ES). Th/U and Th/K ratios suggest a considerable positive correlation with the geological evolution of the Quaternary coastal deposits of the Brazilian Southeast.

Anjos, R. M.; Macario, K.; Veiga, R.; Carvalho, C.; Mosquera, B. [Instituto de Fisica da Universidade Federal Fluminense, Av. Litoranea, s/no, Gragoata, 24210-346, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

2007-02-12

453

Industry Front Groups: A Tobacco Case Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

:  We consider how industries use front groups to combat public health measures by relating the history of “Get Government Off\\u000a Our Back”, a coalition created by the tobacco industry to fight government regulation. Using tobacco industry documents, contemporaneous\\u000a media reports, journal articles, and press releases, we review the establishment by RJ Reynolds of an industry front group,\\u000a Get Government Off

D. E. Apollonio; L. A. Bero

2007-01-01

454

Digital Soil Mapping of Topsoil Organic Carbon Content of Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a A database with 431 soil profiles of Rio de Janeiro State was used in a research project entitled ‘‘Quantifying the magnitude,\\u000a spatial distribution and organic carbon in soils of Rio de Janeiro State, using quantitative modeling, GIS and database technologies’’\\u000a (Projeto Carbono_RJ, sponsored by FAPERJ – Carlos Chagas Filho Foundation for Research Support in Rio de Janeiro State). These\\u000a soil

M. L. Mendonça-Santos; R. O. Dart; H. G. Santos; M. R. Coelho; R. L. L. Berbara; J. F. Lumbreras

455

Non-invasive measurement of Valsalva-induced hemodynamic changes on a bathroom scale ballistocardiograph.  

PubMed

Unobtrusive and compact methods for monitoring time varying hemodynamic trends can allow physicians to monitor heart failure of outpatients at home. In this paper, the ballistocardiogram (BCG), measured on a modified commercial bathroom scale, is proposed as a viable option for this important need. The BCG measures the reaction force of the body to cardiac ejection of blood and is a non-invasive tool for evaluating cardiovascular function. The Valsalva maneuver was used to modulate the hemodynamics in a well documented manner, and BCG signals were acquired from 15 subjects. The electrocardiogram (ECG) was simultaneously obtained to measure the electrical to mechanical delay in ventricular contraction: the interval from the ECG R-wave peak to the BCG J-wave peak. This interval, called the RJ interval, decreased for all subjects following the release of intrathoracic strain compared to the resting value, suggesting that it is inversely correlated to cardiac contractility. The power spectrum magnitude of the BCGs showed that the high frequency content increased after release, also consistent with increased contractility (faster ejection). Additionally, J-wave amplitudes increased following release, suggesting that it is correlated to stroke volume. Since RJ interval computation required the ECG, BCG J-wave rise time was proposed as an alternative for evaluating cardiac contractility. The correlation between this rise time and RJ interval was high (R2=0.78). PMID:19162745

Inan, Omer T; Etemadi, Mozziyar; Wiard, Richard M; Kovacs, Gregory T A; Giovangrandi, Laurent

2008-01-01

456

Lack of Transit Timing Variations of OGLE-TR-111b: A Re-Analysis with Six New Epochs  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present six new transits of the exoplanet OGLE-TR-111b observed with the Magellan Telescopes in Chile between 2008 April and 2009 March. We combine these new transits with five previously published transit epochs for this planet between 2005 and 2006 to extend the analysis of transit timing variations (TTVs) reported for this system. We derive a new planetary radius value of 1.019 ± 0.026 RJ , which is intermediate to the previously reported radii of 1.067 ± 0.054 RJ and 0.922 ± 0.057 RJ . We also examine the TTV and duration change claims of Dìaz et al. Our analysis of all 11 transit epochs does not reveal any points with deviations larger than 2?, and most points are well within 1?. Although the transit duration nominally decreases over the four year span of the data, systematic errors in the photometry can account for this result. Therefore, there is no compelling evidence for either a timing or a duration variation in this system. Numerical integrations place an upper limit of about 1 M ? on the mass of a potential second planet in a 2:1 mean-motion resonance with OGLE-TR-111b. This paper includes data gathered with the 6.5 m Magellan Telescopes located at Las Campanas Observatory, Chile.

Adams, E. R.; López-Morales, M.; Elliot, J. L.; Seager, S.; Osip, D. J.

2010-05-01

457

Radio images of Jupiter's synchrotron radiation at 6, 20, and 90 cm  

SciTech Connect

VLA observations of Jupiter's nonthermal radiation at wavelengths of 6, 20, and 90 cm are presented and compared. The spatial resolution in all images is 0.25 R(J) (R/J/ = Jovian radius). The brightness distribution of Jupiter is very similar at each of the three wavelengths, although the radiation peaks at 6 cm are at a slightly larger distance from Jupiter than those at the longer wavelengths. This is due to the higher rate of synchrotron radiation losses at the shorter wavelengths. Radial profiles through the images clearly show the presence of a 'shoulder' or flattening in the intensity at about 2.5 R(J) due to absorption effects by the satellite Amalthea. In addition, the so-called 'hot region' in Jupiter's radiation belts is clearly present at all three wavelengths: images of the planet at a cml (central meridian longitude) of about 30-40 deg show the radiation peak to the right of Jupiter to be much brighter than the peak at the left, while images at a cml of about 210-220 deg show the opposite. The difference in brightness between the two radiation peaks is similar at all three wavelengths. 21 refs.

De pater, I. (California, University, Berkeley (United States))

1991-08-01

458

Local time dependence of Io plasma torus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the frequency and time variations of the Jovian decametric (DAM) and hectometric (HOM) emissions recorded by the RPWS experiment onboard Cassini spacecraft during its Jupiter flyby. It is shown that the HOM radiations are principally subject to refraction effects caused by the Io plasma torus. We analyze the Jovian radio dynamic spectra recorded from the end of November 2000 to the second week of January 2001. During this period, the spacecraft approached Jupiter from a distance of more than 500 RJ to 137 RJ (closest approach on December 30, 2010) and back to about 250 RJ. We attempt in this study to investigate the local time (LT) dependence of the attenuation band due to refraction effects caused by the presence of the Io plasma torus. We analyze the spectral features of the attenuation band taking into consideration three local time intervals [10.0 LT, 13.2 LT], [13.6 LT, 16.5 LT], and [16.7 LT, 20 LT]. A statistical study leads us to characterize the spectral features of the attenuation band principally on the dayside and the late afternoon sector of the planet. This will allow us to discuss the LT variation of the electronic density of the Io plasma torus versus the central meridian longitude (CML) and the Jovian magnetic latitude.

Boudjada, M. Y.; Galopeau, P. H. M.

2012-04-01

459

Study of local time dependence of the attenuation band associated to the Jovian hectometric emission  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the phenomenological spectral features of the Jovian hectometric (HOM) emission recorded during the Jupiter flyby by the RPWS experiment onboard the Cassini spacecraft. The capability of this experiment allowed a frequency coverage from a few hertz to 16 MHz with a large dynamic range of about 80 dB. HOM emission was regularly observed several weeks before and after the closest approach of the planet. We analyze the Jovian radio dynamic spectra recorded from the end of November 2000 to the second week of January 2001. During this period, the spacecraft approached Jupiter from a distance of more than 500 RJ to 137 RJ (closest approach on December 30, 2010) and back to about 250 RJ. We attempt in this study to investigate the local time (LT) dependence of the attenuation band due to refraction effects caused by the presence of the Io plasma torus. We analyze the spectral features of the attenuation band taking into consideration three local time intervals [10.0 LT, 13.2 LT], [13.6 LT, 16.5 LT], and [16.7 LT, 20 LT]. A statistical study leads us to characterize the spectral features of the attenuation band principally on the day-side and the late afternoon sector of the planet. This will allow us to discuss the LT variation of the electronic density of the Io plasma torus versus the central meridian longitude (CML) and the Jovian magnetic latitude.

Boudjada, M. Y.; Galopeau, P. H. M.

2011-10-01

460

Lack of Transit Timing Variations of OGLE-TR-111b  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present six new transits of the exoplanet OGLE-TR-111b observed with the Magellan Telescopes in Chile between April 2008 and March 2009. We combine these new transits with five previously published transit epochs for this planet between 2005 and 2006 to extend the analysis of transit timing variations reported for this system. We derive a new planetary radius value of 1.018 ± 0.025 RJ, which is intermediate to the previously reported radii of 1.067 ± 0.054 RJ (Winn et al. 2007) and 0.922 ± 0.057 RJ (Diaz et al. 2008). We also examine the transit timing variation and duration change claims of Diaz et al. (2008). Our analysis of all eleven transit epochs does not reveal any points with deviations larger than 2?. Although the transit duration nominally decreases over the four year span of the data, systematic errors in the photometry can account for this result. Therefore, there is no compelling evidence for either a timing or a duration variation in this system. Numerical integrations place an upper limit of about 1 M? on the mass of a potential second planet in a 2:1 mean-motion resonance with OGLE-TR-111b.

Adams, Elisabeth; Lopez-Morales, Mercedes; Elliot, James; Seager, Sara; Osip, David

2010-05-01

461

Incidence Angle-dependent Transport across a Single Graphene p-n Junction Formed by Buried Split-gates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to electron chirality effects, carrier transport across Graphene p-n junctions (GPNJ) is predicted to have strong angular dependence [1]. This work reports evidence of such effects in a single GPNJ for various geometries created by the use of buried split-gates (SG). Standard processes are used to fabricate 2-terminal Graphene devices aligned to buried Polysilicon SG at different angles to the junction. Sweeping the SG biases V1 and V2 allows mapping the doping-dependent device resistance (Rt). For doping levels (V1,V2), subtracting the average unipolar resistance Rt(V1,V1) from the bipolar resistance Rt(V1,V2) gives the average junction resistance Rj(V1,V2), subtracting out both contact and channel resistances. For bipolar doping, Rj shows a sharper peak for tilted channels than one that is normal to the junction, the peak being sharpest for 45 , the largest angle probed. This trend is observed for both exfoliated and CVD Graphene, especially for higher mobility and lower widths, consistent with theory. The ratio of the maximal Rj for 45 and 0 devices is about 2.5, significant for the modest Graphene mobilities of our devices. [1] V. Cheianov et al., Science, 315, 2007, pp 1252.

Sutar, Surajit; Comfort, Everett; Liu, Jian; Taniguchi, Takashi; Watanabe, Kenji; Lee, Ji Ung

2012-02-01

462

The reliability and validity of a Japanese version of symptom checklist 90 revised  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine the validity and reliability of a Japanese version of the Symptom Checklist 90 Revised (SCL-90-R (J)). Methods The English SCL-90-R was translated to Japanese and the Japanese version confirmed by back-translation. To determine the factor validity and internal consistency of the nine primary subscales, 460 people from the community completed SCL-90-R(J). Test-retest reliability was examined for 104 outpatients and 124 healthy undergraduate students. The convergent-discriminant validity was determined for 80 inpatients who replied to both SCL-90-R(J) and the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI). Results The correlation coefficients between the nine primary subscales and items were .26 to .78. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were from .76 (Phobic Anxiety) to .86 (Interpersonal Sensitivity). Pearson's correlation coefficients between test-retest scores were from .81 (Psychoticism) to .90 (Somatization) for the outpatients and were from .64 (Phobic Anxiety) to .78 (Paranoid Ideation) for the students. Each of the nine primary subscales correlated well with their corresponding constructs in the MMPI. Conclusion We confirmed the validity and reliability of SCL-90-R(J) for the measurement of individual distress. The nine primary subscales were consistent with the items of the original English version.

Tomioka, Mitsunao; Shimura, Midori; Hidaka, Mikio; Kubo, Chiharu

2008-01-01

463

Endoplasmic reticulum stress disrupts placental morphogenesis: implications for human intrauterine growth restriction.  

PubMed

We recently reported the first evidence of placental endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in the pathophysiology of human intrauterine growth restriction. Here, we used a mouse model to investigate potential underlying mechanisms. Eif2s1(tm1RjK) mice, in which Ser51 of eukaryotic initiation factor 2 subunit alpha (eIF2?) is mutated, display a 30% increase in basal translation. In Eif2s1(tm1RjK) placentas, we observed increased ER stress and anomalous accumulation of glycoproteins in the endocrine junctional zone (Jz), but not in the labyrinthine zone where physiological exchange occurs. Placental and fetal weights were reduced by 15% (97 mg to 82 mg, p < 0.001) and 20% (1009 mg to 798 mg, p < 0.001), respectively. To investigate whether ER stress affects bioactivity of secreted proteins, mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) were derived from Eif2s1(tm1RjK) mutants. These MEFs exhibited ER stress, grew 50% slower, and showed reduced Akt-mTOR signalling compared to wild-type cells. Conditioned medium (CM) derived from Eif2s1(tm1RjK) MEFs failed to maintain trophoblast stem cells in a progenitor state, but the effect could be rescued by exogenous application of FGF4 and heparin. In addition, ER stress promoted accumulation of pro-Igf2 with altered glycosylation in the CM without affecting cellular levels, indicating that the protein failed to be processed after release. Igf2 is the major growth factor for placental development; indeed, activity in the Pdk1-Akt-mTOR pathways was decreased in Eif2s1(tm1RjK) placentas, indicating loss of Igf2 signalling. Furthermore, we observed premature differentiation of trophoblast progenitors at E9.5 in mutant placentas, consistent with the in vitro results and with the disproportionate development of the labyrinth and Jz seen in placentas at E18.5. Similar disproportion has been reported in the Igf2-null mouse. These results demonstrate that ER stress adversely affects placental development, and that modulation of post-translational processing, and hence bioactivity, of secreted growth factors contributes to this effect. Placental dysmorphogenesis potentially affects fetal growth through reduced exchange capacity. Copyright © 2012 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:22733590

Yung, Hong Wa; Hemberger, Myriam; Watson, Erica D; Senner, Claire E; Jones, Carolyn P; Kaufman, Randal J; Charnock-Jones, D Stephen; Burton, Graham J

2012-06-25

464

Effect of royal jelly ingestion for six months on healthy volunteers  

PubMed Central

Background Royal jelly is a widely ingested supplement for health, but its effects on humans are not well known. The objective was to evaluate the effects of long-term royal jelly ingestion on humans. Methods We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled, double-blind trial. A total of 61 healthy volunteers aged 42-83 years were enrolled and were randomly divided into a royal jelly group (n = 31) and a control group (n = 30). Three thousand mg of royal jelly (RJ) or a placebo in 100 ml liquid/day were ingested for 6 months. The primary outcomes were changes in anthropometric measurements and biochemical indexes from baseline to 6 months after intervention. Results Thirty subjects in the RJ group and 26 in the control group were included in the analysis of endpoints. In an adjusted mean change of the variables from the baseline, significant differences between the two groups could be found in red blood cell counts (+0.16x106 /?L for the RJ group vs. -0.01x106 /?L for the control group, P = 0.0134), hematocrit (+0.9% vs. -0.8%, P = 0.0251), log (fasting plasma glucose) (+0.01 ± 0.01 log mg/dL vs. +0.05 ± 0.01 log mg/dL, P = 0.0297), log (insulinogenic index) (+0.25 vs. -0.13, P = 0.0319), log dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) (+0.08 log ?g/dL vs. +0.20 log ?g/dL, P = 0.0483), log testosterone (T) (+0.12 ± 0.04 log ng/mL vs. -0.02 ± 0.05 log ng/mL, P = 0.0416), log T/DHEA-S ratio (+0.05 ± 0.05 vs. -0.23 ± 0.59, P = 0.0015), and in one of the SF-36 subscale scores, mental health (MH) (+4 vs. -7, P = 0.0276). Conclusions Six-month ingestion of RJ in humans improved erythropoiesis, glucose tolerance and mental health. Acceleration of conversion from DHEA-S to T by RJ may have been observed among these favorable effects.

2012-01-01

465

Factors affecting the radii of close-in transiting exoplanets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Context. The radius of an exoplanet may be affected by various factors, including irradiation received from the host star, the mass of the planet and its heavy element content. A significant number of transiting exoplanets have now been discovered for which the mass, radius, semi-major axis, host star metallicity and stellar effective temperature are known. Aims: We use multivariate regression models to determine the power-law dependence of planetary radius on planetary equilibrium temperature Teq, planetary mass Mp, stellar metallicity [Fe/H], orbital semi-major axis a, and tidal heating rate Htidal, for 119 transiting planets in three distinct mass regimes. Methods: We fit models initially to all 119 planets, resulting in fairly high scatter between fitted and observed radii, and subsequently to three subsets of these planets: Saturn-mass planets, Jupiter-mass planets, and high-mass planets. Results: We find models for each subset that fit the observed planetary radii well and show the importance of the various environmental parameters on each subset. Conclusions: We determine that heating leads to larger planet radii, as expected, increasing mass leads to increased or decreased radii of low-mass (<0.5 RJ) and high-mass (>2.0 RJ) planets, respectively (with no mass effect on Jupiter-mass planets), and increased host-star metallicity leads to smaller planetary radii, indicating a relationship between host-star metallicity and planet heavy element content. For Saturn-mass planets, a good fit to the radii may be obtained from log(Rp/RJ) = -0.077 + 0.450 log(Mp/MJ) - 0.314 [Fe/H] + 0.671 log(a/AU) + 0.398 log(Teq/K). The radii of Jupiter-mass planets may be fit by log(Rp/RJ) = - 2.217 + 0.856 log(Teq/K) + 0.291 log(a/AU). High-mass planets' radii are best fit by log(Rp/RJ) = -1.067 + 0.380 log(Teq/K) - 0.093 log(Mp/MJ) - 0.057 [Fe/H] + 0.019 log(Htidal/1 × 1020). These equations produce a very good fit to the observed radii, with a mean absolute difference between fitted and observed radius of 0.11 RJ, compared to the mean reported uncertainty in observed radius of 0.07 RJ. A clear distinction is seen between the core-dominated Saturn-mass (0.1-0.5 MJ) planets, whose radii are determined almost exclusively by their mass and heavy element content, and the gaseous envelope-dominated Jupiter-mass (0.5-2.0 MJ) planets, whose radii increase strongly with irradiating flux, partially offset by a power-law dependence on orbital separation.

Enoch, B.; Collier Cameron, A.; Horne, K.

2012-04-01

466

Distribution and quantification of Candidatus Liberibacter americanus, agent of huanglongbing disease of citrus in São Paulo State, Brasil, in leaves of an affected sweet orange tree as determined by PCR  

Microsoft Academic Search

Huanglongbing (HLB), an insect-transmitted disease of citrus, known for many years in Asia and Africa, has appeared in the state of São Paulo State (SSP), Brazil, in 2004, and the state of Florida, USA, in 2005. HLB endangers the very existence of citrus, as trees infected with the bacterial pathogen, irrevocably decline. In the absence of curative procedures, control of

Diva C. Teixeira; Colette Saillard; Carole Couture; Elaine C. Martins; Nelson A. Wulff; Sandrine Eveillard-Jagoueix; Pedro T. Yamamoto; Antonio J. Ayres; Joseph M. Bové

2008-01-01

467

ÍNDICES DE SÍTIOS PARA Hovenia dulcis Thunberg NA REGIÃO CENTRAL DO ESTADO DO RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRASIL SITES INDEX FOR Hovenia dulcis Thunberg IN THE CENTRAL REGION OF THE STATE OF RIO GRANDE DO SUL, BRAZIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main objective of this work is to study the index forest sites build, for the dominant height, of populations located in the central area of the state of Rio Grande do Sul. To do that, information from 3 stands located at FEPAGRO was used. To construct the curves index sites forest, information from 18 dominant trees was collected in

Gerson Luiz Selle; Frederico Dimas Fleig; Elisabete Vuaden; Evaldo Muñoz Braz

2009-01-01

468

Anthropically dislodged assemblages of sponges (Porifera: Demospongiae) in the River Araguaia at Araguatins, Tocantins State, Brazil Assembléias de esponjas desalojadas no Rio Araguaia em Araguatins, Estado do Tocantins, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

A recent outbreak of an human ocular disease at Araguaia River by the town of Araguatins, TO, Central Amazonia, along the low water period of 2005 required pathological analyses of surgically extracted ocular tissues. Spicules which invest the gemmules of the freshwater sponges Drulia uruguayensis and D. ctenosclera were found inside these ocular materials. Such relation between an ocular disease

C. Volkmer-Ribeiro; Salvador França; Rodovia Washington Luís

469

Análise comparativa da legislação sobre rótulo alimentício do Brasil, Mercosul, Reino Unido e União Européia* Comparative analysis of the Brazilian\\/ Mercosul and British\\/European Union food labeling legislation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Descritores Rotulagem de alimentos, legislação e jurisprudência. # Legislação sobre alimentos. # Necessidades nutricionais. # Política de nutrição. Promoção da saúde. Abstract Objective To analyze the Brazilian\\/Mercosul and the British\\/European Union food labeling legislation. Methods The analysis was carried out using a set of 19 questions considered important to describe and compare the different sets of legislation. Results The results

Roger K Celeste

470

ADOÇÃO DE NOVOS PARADIGMAS NA ORGANIZAÇÃO E GESTÃO DE EMPREENDIMENTOS SOLIDÁRIOS: UM ESTUDO SOBRE O PROCESSO PRODUTIVO DO AÇAÍ ATRAVÉS DAS ASSOCIAÇÕES E COOPERATIVAS NO TERRITÓRIO RURAL DO BAIXO TOCANTINS – PARÁ – BRASIL  

Microsoft Academic Search

As transformações no mundo do trabalho vividas, desde o final da década de 60, pelos países capitalistas e os impactos daí resultantes sobre a reestruturação do sistema produtivo têm definido novas práticas produtivas, que precarizam as relações de trabalho, favorecem o desemprego, baixos salários e exigem novas e melhores qualificações dos trabalhadores. Nesse contexto, estes se vêem diante de um

Lucia Cristina Andrade; Roselene Souza Portela; Euzalina Silva Ferrao; Armando Lirio Souza; Adebaro Alves Reis

2008-01-01

471

Institutional Entrepreneurship and Collective Identity: the emergence of the HIV\\/AIDS policy field in Brazil Empreendedorismo Institucional e Identidade Coletiva: a emergência do campo da política em HIV\\/AIDS no Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study seeks to qualify the action of social entrepreneurs looking at the collective identity as an important resource and a defining element of discursive strategies directed to promote changes. We understand institutional entrepreneurship as a collective action that is both means of and a resource to promote changes. We examined the emergence of the Brazilian HIV\\/ AIDS policy and

Patricia Mendonça; Mario Aquino Alves; Luiz Claudio Campos

472

Spatial and seasonal distribution of the hermit crab Pagurus exilis (Benedict, 1892) (Decapoda: Paguridae) in the southwestern coast of Brazil Distribución espacial y temporal del cangrejo ermitaño Pagurus exilis (Benedict, 1892) (Decapoda: Paguridae) en la costa sudoccidental de Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aimed to assess the spatial and seasonal distribution of the hermit crab Pagurus exilis in Caraguatatuba region, characterizing the abundance and distribution of individuals seasonally and bathymetrically. The relationship between groups of individuals and environmental factors (temperature, salinity, depth, amount of organic matter and texture of sediment) was checked. Sampling was carried out monthly from July 2001 to

Andrea L. Meireles; Mariana Terossi; Renata Biagi; Fernando L. Mantelatto

2006-01-01

473

Águas estuarinas e sustentabiliadde social local: um estudo da pesca artezanal do camarão-branco Litopenaeus schmitti Custacea, de capoda, penaeidae)no estuário do Rio Formoso, Pernambuco, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The water hydrology in stuarine areas is essential for the maintenance of this biological system. Considering the socioeconomic importance of shrimp harvest from Formoso River, located in the south coast of Pernambuco, the purpose of this study was to characterize the water quality, the biology of white shrimp Litopenaeus schmitti and the manual and rudimentary harvesting activities in this estuary,

Goretti Sônia da Silva; Viviane Barros de Brito; Aline Elesbão; Galba Maria de Campos-Takaki

2006-01-01

474

Qualidade de produtos a base de plantas medicinais comercializados no Brasil: castanha-da-índia (Aesculus hippocastanum L.), capim-limão (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf ) e centela (Centella asiatica (L.) Urban)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quality of products made from medicinal plants commercialized in Brazil: horsechestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum L.), lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus (DC.) Stapf), and gotu kola (Centella asiatica (L.) Urban). Aiming to evaluate the quality of products made from medicinal plants, there were analyzed ten samples of horsechestnut, eleven samples of lemongrass, and six samples of gotu kola commercialized in pharmacies from the city

Joabe Gomes de Melo; Járisson Diógenes Guilherme da Roch Martins; Elba Lúcia Cavalcanti de Amorim; Ulysses Paulino de Albuquerque

2007-01-01

475

I processi cumulativi nella crisi del debito degli anni 80: una lettura dai casi di Argentina, Brasile e Messico Cumulative processes in the 1980s debt crisis: an analysis from Argentina, Brazil and Mexico's case studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyses the 1980s Latin American debt crisis in Argentina, Brazil and Mexico and, in particular, the influence of cumulative processes at work in its early and final stages. The paper is organised in three sections. The first examines the crisis<92> features in the three countries, and maps the key macroeconomic and behavioural relationships at its onset and resolution.

Andrea de Panizza

2003-01-01

476

Desenvolvimento tecnologico na fabricacao de materiais para o setor nuclear e suas consequencias para o mercado do Brasil. (Technology development in materials working for nuclear sector and its consequences for the Brazilian market).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The technology transfer model adopted in materials development for Brazilian nuclear sector is described. Materials are very important for the industrial development and the National nuclear program has contributed with others areas, for example, metallur...

A. R. Volta

1992-01-01

477

Comparações das condições socioeconômicas e reprodutivas entre mães adolescentes e adultas jovens em três maternidades públicas de Maceió, Brasil. Comparisons of socioeconomic and reproductive factors among adolescent and young adult mothers in three public maternities of Maceió, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: describe and compare social and economic conditions, prenatal care, exposur e to tobacco and alcohol and reproductive factors among adolescent and young adult mothers in three public maternity hospitals located in Maceió, Alagoas, Northeast Brazil. Methods: 250 puerperal adolescents (< 20 years old) and 250 puerperal young adult mothers (between 20 and 30 years old) were inter viewed. A

Samir B. Kassar; Marilia de C. Lima; Maria de Fátima; M. de Albuquerque; Marco Antônio Barbieri; Ricardo Q. Gurgel

478

Idades Th-U-PbT de Monazita e Geotermobarometria de Rochas Metapelíticas de Alto Grau do Sistema Orogênico Itabuna-Salvador-Curaçá, BA, Brasil: um Estudo em Microssonda Eletrônica  

Microsoft Academic Search

Electron microprobe Th-U-PbT dating of monazite was performed on aluminous gneiss samples from the northern Jacurici and southern Ilhéus areas of the Itabuna-Salvador-Curaçá Orogenic System. Studied samples are spinel-sillimanite-cordierite- garnet gneiss and corundum-spinel-sillimanite-garnet gneiss that equilibrated during a high temperature metamorphism at T-P conditions of about 835°C\\/6.9 kbar and 890°C\\/7.4 kbar, respectively. Microprobe ages of monazite in equilibrium with these

Silvio Roberto; Farias Vlach; Eliane Aparecida Del Lama

479

Úlcera de perna: um estudo de casos em Juiz de Fora-MG (Brasil) e região* Leg ulcer: an observational study in Juiz de Fora, MG (Brazil) and region  

Microsoft Academic Search

Resumo: FUNDAMENTOS: Úlcera de perna (UP) caracteriza-se por perda do tegumento nas extremidades dos membros inferiores causada geral- mente por disfunção vascular. O BJETIVOS: Caracterizar clínica e epidemiologicamente a amostra populacional com UP atendida nos centros de saúde de Juiz de Fora. PACIENTES E MÉTODOS: Submetidos ao protocolo clínico 124 pacientes com UP, de Juiz de Fora e região de

Marco Andrey; Cipriani Frade; Igor Brum Cursi; Felipe Fortes Andrade; Samara Casemiro Soares; Sandro V. Santos; Norma Tiraboschi Foss

480

A spatial approach for the epidemiology of antibiotic use and resistance in community-based studies: the emergence of urban clusters of Escherichia coli quinolone resistance in Sao Paulo, Brasil  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background  Population antimicrobial use may influence resistance emergence. Resistance is an ecological phenomenon due to potential transmissibility.\\u000a We investigated spatial and temporal patterns of ciprofloxacin (CIP) population consumption related to E. coli resistance emergence and dissemination in a major Brazilian city. A total of 4,372 urinary tract infection E. coli cases, with 723 CIP resistant, were identified in 2002 from two

Carlos RV Kiffer; Eduardo CG Camargo; Silvia E Shimakura; Paulo J Ribeiro Jr; Trevor C Bailey; Antonio CC Pignatari; Antonio MV Monteiro

2011-01-01

481

Contexto sócio-econômico e percepção da saúde bucal em uma população de adultos no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil: uma análise multinível Socioeconomic context and perceived oral health in an adult population in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: a multilevel analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

One of the main limitations of the ecological design is aggregation bias. The problem can be addressed by designs that use small contex- tual hierarchical units with internal homoge- neity. This study aimed to compare different geographic data structures in order to explore contextual effects of socioeconomic variables on the odds of perceived poor oral health. The analyses were based

Wagner de Souza Tassinari; Antônio Ponce de León; Guilherme Loureiro Werneck; Eduardo Faerstein; Claudia S. Lopes; Dora Chor; Paulo Nadanovsky

2007-01-01

482

Retrospecto da politica nuclear no Brasil e perspectivas de utilizacao de pequenas centrais nucleares - PCNs - no sistema eletrico brasileiro. (Nuclear policy retrospection in Brazil and forecasting for using of small nuclear power plants - SNPs - in the Brazilian electric system).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis highlights the nuclear energy perspectives to regain a prominent place in the world energy mix, as a competitive and safe energy source. Just considering the current international changes in the nuclear power features in the developed countrie...

E. M. Santos

1992-01-01

483

Planificacion linguistica y constitucion de un bloque regional: El caso del Mercosur (Argentina, Brasil, Paraguay y Uraguay) y de Chile (Language Planning and the Constitution of a Regional Bloc: The Case of Mercosur (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay) and Chile.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The common market of the South is a new linguistic and cultural area. The resurgence of innermost identities within member states proves that Mercosur identity can neither be universal nor specific. The outcome of this quest for identity will depend on the ability to carefully handle an area of cultural diversity and a place of common allegiance…

Chareille, Samantha

2003-01-01

484

Distribuição espacial de populações de triatomíneos (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) em palmeiras da espécie Mauritia flexuosa no Distrito Federal, Brasil Spatial distribution of Triatominae populations (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) in Mauritia flexuosa palm trees in Federal District of Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

To determine and analyze the distribution of Triatominae sylvatic populations in the Federal District of Brazil, 150 Mauritia flexuosa palm trees were sampled in six veredas of different landscapes (sylvatic, rural and peri-urban) in the rainy season. Triatomines were morphologically identified and grouped by sex and nymphal stage and were examined to verify infection by Trypanosoma cruzi and Trypanosoma rangeli.

Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves; Marco Antônio Duarte; Eduardo Dias Ramalho; Alexandre Ramlo; Torre Palma; Christine Agueda Romaña; César Augusto Cuba-Cuba

485

QUALIDADE DA ÁGUA DO RIBEIRÃO LA VRINHA NA REGIÃO ALTO RIO GRANDE - MG , BRASIL 1 Water quality on Lavrinha Stream in Alto Rio Grande region, Minas Gerais State, Brazil  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main purpose of this work was to study the surface water quality behavior, continuously throughout the time, at the headwater watershed of the Grande River, MG. The watershed drains into Grande River area of 687 ha and is enclosed by the Mantiqueira Mountains. The samples were collected at six points in Lavrinha Stream, main tributary of the watershed, from

Daniel Brasil Ferreira Pinto; Antônio Marciano da Silva; Carlos Rogério de Mello; Gilberto Coelho

486

A Comparison of Observationally Determined Radii with Theoretical Radius Predictions for Short-Period Transiting Extrasolar Planets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Two extrasolar planets, HD 209458b and TrES-1, are currently known to transit bright parent stars for which physical properties can be accurately determined. The two transiting planets have very similar masses and periods and hence invite detailed comparisons between their observed and theoretically predicted properties. In this paper, we carry out these comparisons. We first report photometric and spectroscopic follow-up observations of TrES-1, and we use these observations to obtain improved estimates for the planetary radius, Rpl=(1.08+/-0.05)RJ, and the planetary mass, Mpl=(0.729+/-0.036)MJ. We also confirm that the inclination estimate of the planetary orbit as i=88.2d. These values agree with those obtained by Alonso et al. in their discovery paper, but the uncertainty in the planet radius has been improved as a result of both high-cadence photometry of two full transits and from independent radius determinations for the V=11.8 K0 V parent star. We derive estimates for the TrES-1 stellar parameters of R*/Rsolar=0.83+/-0.03 (by combining independent estimates from stellar models, high-resolution spectra, and transit light curve fitting) M*/Msolar=0.87+/-0.05 (via fitting to evolutionary tracks), Teff=5214+/-23K, [Me/H]=0.001+/-0.04, rotational velocity Vsin(i)=1.08+/-0.3kms-1, logg=4.52+/-0.05dex, logL*/Lsolar=-0.32, d=157+/-6pc, and an age of ?=4+/-2Gyr. These estimates of the physical properties of the system allow us to compute evolutionary models for the planet that result in a predicted radius of Rpl=1.05RJ for a model that contains an incompressible 20 M? core and a radius Rpl=1.09RJ for a model without a core. We use our grids of planetary evolution models to show that, with standard assumptions, our code also obtains good agreement with the observed radii of the other recently discovered transiting planets, including OGLE-TR-56b, OGLE-TR-111b, OGLE-TR-113b, and OGLE-TR-132b. We report an updated radius for HD 209458b of Rpl=(1.32+/-0.05)RJ, based on a new radius estimate of R*=1.12Rsolar for the parent star. Our theoretical predictions for the radius of HD 209458b are Rpl=1.05RJ and 1.09RJ for models with and without cores. HD 209458b is therefore the only transiting planet whose radius does not agree well with our theoretical models. We argue that tidal heating stemming from dynamical interaction with a second planet is currently the most viable explanation for its inflated size.

Laughlin, Gregory; Wolf, Aaron; Vanmunster, Tonny; Bodenheimer, Peter; Fischer, Debra; Marcy, Geoff; Butler, Paul; Vogt, Steve

2005-03-01

487

Fatty Acids Derived from Royal Jelly Are Modulators of Estrogen Receptor Functions  

PubMed Central

Royal jelly (RJ) excreted by honeybees and used as a nutritional and medicinal agent has estrogen-like effects, yet the compounds mediating these effects remain unidentified. The possible effects of three RJ fatty acids (FAs) (10-hydroxy-2-decenoic-10H2DA, 3,10-dihydroxydecanoic-3,10DDA, sebacic acid-SA) on estrogen signaling was investigated in various cellular systems. In MCF-7 cells, FAs, in absence of estradiol (E2), modulated the estrogen receptor (ER) recruitment to the pS2 promoter and pS2 mRNA levels via only ER? but not ER?, while in presence of E2 FAs modulated both ER? and ER?. Moreover, in presence of FAs, the E2-induced recruitment of the EAB1 co-activator peptide to ER? is masked and the E2-induced estrogen response element (ERE)-mediated transactivation is inhibited. In HeLa cells, in absence of E2, FAs inhibited the ERE-mediated transactivation by ER? but not ER?, while in presence of E2, FAs inhibited ERE-activity by both ER? and ER?. Molecular modeling revealed favorable binding of FAs to ER? at the co-activator-binding site, while binding assays showed that FAs did not bind to the ligand-binding pocket of ER? or ER?. In KS483 osteoblasts, FAs, like E2, induced mineralization via an ER-dependent way. Our data propose a possible molecular mechanism for the estrogenic activities of RJ's components which, although structurally entirely different from E2, mediate estrogen signaling, at least in part, by modulating the recruitment of ER?, ER? and co-activators to target genes.

Kassi, Eva; Heldring, Nina; Zhao, Chunyan; Tsiapara, Anna; Melliou, Eleni; Chrousos, George P.; Chinou, Ioanna; Karshikoff, Andrey; Nilsson, Lennart; Dahlman-Wright, Karin

2010-01-01

488

Anomalies in the applied magnetic fields in DIII-D and their implications for the understanding of stability experiments  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Small non-axisymmetric magnetic fields are known to cause serious loss of stability in tokamaks, leading to loss of confinement and abrupt termination of plasma current (disruptions). The best known examples are the locked mode and the resistive wall mode. Understanding of the underlying field anomalies (departures in the hardware-related fields from ideal toroidal and poloidal fields on a single axis) and the interaction of the plasma with them is crucial to tokamak development. Results of both locked mode experiments (Scoville J.T. and La Haye R.J. 2003 Nucl. Fusion 43 250) and resistive wall mode experiments (Garofalo A.M., La Haye R.J. and Scoville J.T. 2002 Nucl. Fusion 42 1335) done in DIII-D tokamak plasmas have been interpreted to indicate the presence of a significant anomalous field. New measurements of the magnetic field anomalies of the hardware systems have been made in DIII-D. The measured field anomalies due to the plasma shaping coils in DIII-D are smaller than previously reported (La Haye R.J. and Scoville J.T. 1991 Rev. Sci. Instrum. 61 2146). Additional evaluations of systematic errors have been made. New measurements of the anomalous fields of the Ohmic heating and toroidal coils have been added. Such detailed in situ measurements of the fields of a tokamak are unique. The anomalous fields from all the coils are one-third the values indicated from the stability experiments (Garofalo et al 2002, Scoville and La Haye 2003). These results indicate limitations in the understanding of the interaction of the plasma with the external field. They indicate that it may not be possible to deduce the anomalous fields in a tokamak from plasma experiments and that we may not have the basis needed to project the error field requirements of future tokamaks.

Luxon, J. L.; Schaffer, M. J.; Jackson, G. L.; Leuer, J. A.; Nagy, A.; Scoville, J. T.; Strait, E. J.

2003-12-01

489

Cassini/mimi Observations of Jovian Particle Emissions After Jupiter Flyby  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The MIMI investigation comprises three sensors, the Ion and Neutral Camera (INCA), Charge-Energy-Mass-Spectrometer (CHEMS), and Low Energy Magneto- spheric Measurement System (LEMMS) covering the energy ranges 7 keV/nuc 3 Mev) and protons (1.6 < E < 160 Mev) from the back end of the dual field-of-view telescope. Following Jupiter closest approach at ~139RJ on December 30, 2000, Cassini moved past the dusk flank of the magnetosphere and en- countered Jovian plasma to distances > 103RJ downstream of the planet. In this work we report results of a search for Jovian particle emissions to distances of ~5x103RJ, or over 2AU away from the planet, as Cassini continues on its trajectory to a Saturn encounter on July 1, 2004. The relative location of Jupiter and Cassini is such that con- nection of the magnetosphere/magnetotail through the Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) is readily achievable. Preliminary data suggest Jovian plasma events to at least ~2AU downstream, manifested by the presence of S+ ions. Some events appear to be associated with solar wind disturbances due to solar particle emissions in mid-to-late 2001, as observed by ACE at 1AU. The results of the search will be reported and their significance in terms of plasma loss through the magnetotail will be compared with expectations from the magnetospheric wind source identified by the Voyager missions.

Krimigis, S. M.; Mitchell, D. G.; Hamilton, D. C.; Livi, S.; Krupp, N.

490

Pulsation Frequencies and Modes of Giant Exoplanets  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We calculate the eigenfrequencies and eigenfunctions of the acoustic oscillations of giant exoplanets and explore the dependence of the characteristic frequency ?0 and the eigenfrequencies on several parameters: the planet mass, the planet radius, the core mass, and the heavy element mass fraction in the envelope. We provide the eigenvalues for degree l up to 8 and radial order n up to 12. For the selected values of l and n, we find that the pulsation eigenfrequencies depend strongly on the planet mass and radius, especially at high frequency. We quantify this dependence through the calculation of the characteristic frequency ?0 which gives us an estimate of the scale of the eigenvalue spectrum at high frequency. For the mass range 0.5 MJ <= MP <= 15 MJ , and fixing the planet radius to the Jovian value, we find that ?0 ~ 164.0 × (MP /MJ )0.48?Hz, where MP is the planet mass and MJ is Jupiter's mass. For the radius range from 0.9 to 2.0 RJ , and fixing the planet's mass to the Jovian value, we find that ?0 ~ 164.0 × (RP /RJ )-2.09?Hz, where RP is the planet radius and RJ is Jupiter's radius. We explore the influence of the presence of a dense core on the pulsation frequencies and on the characteristic frequency of giant exoplanets. We find that the presence of heavy elements in the envelope affects the eigenvalue distribution in ways similar to the presence of a dense core. Additionally, we apply our formalism to Jupiter and Saturn and find results consistent with both the observational data of Gaulme et al. and previous theoretical work.

Le Bihan, Bastien; Burrows, Adam

2013-02-01

491

Differential pathogenicity of two different recombinant PVY(NTN) isolates in Physalis floridana is likely determined by the coat protein gene.  

PubMed

A previous study has identified two types of recombinant variants of Potato virus Y strain NTN (PVY(NTN)) in China and sequenced the complete genome of the variant PVY(NTN)-HN2. In this study, the complete genome of isolate PVY(NTN)-HN1 was fully sequenced and analyzed. The most striking difference between the two variants was the location of recombinant joint three (RJ3). In PVY(NTN)-HN1, like other typical European-PVY(NTN) isolates such as PVY(NTN)-Hun, the RJ3 was located at nucleotide (nt) 9183, namely the 3' proximal end of the CP gene (nt. 8571-9371), thus leading to most (the first 613 nucleotides from the 5' proximal end) of the CP gene (801 bp) with a PVYN origin and PVYN-serotype; whereas in contrast, the RJ3 in PVY(NTN)-HN2 was located at nt 8572, consequently leading to a CP gene of PVYO origin and PVYO-serotype. The varied genome composition among PVY(O), PVY(N), PVY(N:O), PVY(NTN_-HN1 and PVY(NTN)-HN2 made them useful for the investigation of possible roles of gene segment(s) in symptom formation on host plants. When Physalis floridana plants were infected with different PVY isolates, two types of symptoms were induced. PVY(N) and PVY(NTN)-HN1 induced mild symptoms (mainly mild mottling) whereas PVY(O), PVY(N:O) and PVY(NTN)-HN2 induced serve symptoms including leaf and stem necrosis, leaf-drop and stunting. These results, together with a previous study using artificial PVY chimeras, demonstrate that the CP gene, especially the 5' proximal segment (nt 8572-9183), and/or CP likely determine the pathogenicity of PVY in P. floridana. PMID:21548970

Hu, Xinxi; Nie, Xianzhou; He, Changzheng; Xiong, Xingyao

2011-05-07

492

BREVE HISTÓRICO DO USO DE SISTEMAS DE INFORMAÇÕES GERENCIAIS APLICADOS A EMPRESAS RURAIS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nas últimas décadas o Brasil tem confirmado seu importante papel na produção agrícola mundial. Apoiando esta posição encontra-se a utilização da informática pelas empresas rurais e o destaque para a utilização dos sistemas de informações gerenciais (SIGs). O objetivo deste artigo foi reunir e discutir informações sobre alguns fatos da história do desenvolvimento da agroinformática no Brasil enfocando-se a participação

Henri Cocaro; Jose Carlos dos Santos Jesus

2008-01-01

493

SAFEGUARDS IN LATIN AMERICAN COUNTRIES: THE ROLE OF ABACC  

Microsoft Academic Search

A Agência Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares (ABACC), desde sua criação em 1991, é responsável pela aplicação do Acordo de Uso Exclusivamente Pacífico da Energia Nuclear, assinado por Brasil e Argentina, e pela coordenação do Acordo Quadripartito entre a AIEA, ABACC, Brasil e Argentina. Ao longo dos últimos 16 anos a ABACC vem tendo uma participação importante

Orpet J. M. Peixoto; Antonio A. Oliveira

494

Invariant, non-invariant operators and quantum fluctuations in tunneling  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Quantum fluctuations occurring in tunneling processes are studied via the operator Hamilton-Jacobi (HJ) formalism, generated from the principles of Feynman and Schwinger. It is shown that due to these quantum fluctuations and the ordering procedure, the operator HJ equation does not transform likewise its classical counterpart, and that two kinds of quantum operators (one invariant and the other non-invariant), associated to a classical invariant, can be unambiguously distinguished within this formalism. Useful discussions with Professor R.J. Finkelstein, B. Haeri, F.L.A. Machado and H. Romero on the contents of this paper and financial support for this research from CNPq-Brazil are gratefully acknowledged.

Nassar, Antônio B.

1988-05-01

495

The differentiation trend of the Skaergaard intrusion and the timing of magnetite crystallization: iron enrichment revisited  

Microsoft Academic Search

Initial studies of the Skaergaard intrusion [L.R. Wager, J. Petrol. 1 (1960) 364–398] and much of the subsequent work [R.J. Williams, Am. J. Sci. 271 (1971) 132–146; S.A. Morse et al., Am. J. Sci. 280A (1980) 159–170; A.R. McBirney, H.R. Naslund, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 104 (1990) 235–247; C. Tegner, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol. 128 (1997) 45–51; A.R. McBirney, Contrib. Mineral. Petrol.

Yun D. Jang; H. R. Naslund; A. R. McBirney

2001-01-01

496

Youth targeting by tobacco manufacturers since the Master Settlement Agreement.  

PubMed

The 1998 Master Settlement Agreement (MSA) between tobacco manufacturers and forty-six states bans manufacturers from targeting minors through advertising. To determine how youth targeting in magazine cigarette advertisements changed after the MSA, we analyzed magazine readership and cigarette ads in U.S. magazines from 1997 to 2000. In 2000 all three major manufacturers (Philip Morris, R.J. Reynolds, and Brown and Williamson) failed to comply with the MSA's youth-targeting ban, selectively increasing their youth targeting. Banning all magazine advertising of cigarettes may be necessary to eliminate youth targeting in magazines. PMID:11900167

Chung, Paul J; Garfield, Craig F; Rathouz, Paul J; Lauderdale, Diane S; Best, Dana; Lantos, John

497

Neurite outgrowth of neuroblastoma cells overexpressing ? and ? isoforms of Ca 2+\\/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II—effects of protein kinase inhibitors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ca2+\\/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaM kinase II) is one of the most abundant protein kinases in the brain and has a broad substrate specificity [M.K. Bennett, N.E. Erondu, M.B. Kennedy, Purification and characterization of a calmodulin-dependent protein kinase that is highly concentrated in brain, J. Biol. Chem. 258 (1983) 12735–12744 [1]; J.R. Goldenring, B. Gonzalez, J.S. McGuire, Jr., R.J. DeLorenzo,

Takashi Yamauchi; Yoshiyuki Yoshimura; Tomohiko Nomura; Michiho Fujii; Hiroko Sugiura

1998-01-01

498

Universal Heliophysical Processes (IAU S257)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Preface; Organizing committee; Conference photograph; Conference participants; Session I. Opening session C. Alissandrakis; Session II. Space weather K. Shibata; Session III. Solar sources of heliospheric variability J. Davila; Session IV. Solar heliospheric variability: CMEs C. Alissandrakis; Session V. Plasma and radio emission processes N. Gopalswamy; Session VI. 3-D reconnection processes C. Mandrini, B. Vrsnak; Session VII. Energetic particles in the heliosphere D. Webb; Session VIII. Heliosphere boundaries, interfaces and shocks J.D. Richardson; Session IX. Planetary atmospheres, ionospheres, magnetospheres J. Davila; Session X. Waves and turbulence in heliospace A. Nindos; Session XI. Flows, obstacles, circulation R.J. MacDowall; Author index; Subject index.

Gopalswamy, Natchimuthukonar; Webb, David F.

2009-05-01

499

Identification of five mouse ?-opioid receptor (MOR) gene ( Oprm1) splice variants containing a newly identified alternatively spliced exon  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mouse ?-opioid receptor gene, Oprm1, currently contains 18 recognized alternatively spliced exons [Doyle, G.A., Sheng, X.R., Lin, S.S.J., Press, D.M., Grice, D.E., Buono, R.J., Ferraro, T.N., Berrettini, W.H., 2007. Identification of three mouse ?-opioid receptor (MOR) gene (Oprm1) splice variants containing a newly identified alternatively spliced exon. Gene 388 (1–2) 135–147, in press (doi:10.1016\\/j.gene.2006.10.017). Electronic publication 2006 November 1

Glenn A. Doyle; X. Rebecca Sheng; Sharon S. J. Lin; Dorothy E. Grice; Russell J. Buono; Thomas N. Ferraro; Wade H. Berrettini

2007-01-01

500

Assessment of heavy metals in the particulate matter of two Brazilian metropolitan areas by using Tillandsia usneoides as atmospheric biomonitor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose  The aims of this paper were to quantify the heavy metals (HM) in the air of different sites in Rio de Janeiro (RJ) and Salvador\\u000a (SA) using Tillandsia usneoides (Bromeliaceae) as a biomonitor, and to study the morphology and elemental composition of the air particulate matter (PM)\\u000a retained on the Tillandsia surface.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods  \\u000a Tillandsia samples were collected in a noncontaminated

Nelzair A. Vianna; Daniel Gonçalves; Flavia Brandão; Roberta P. de Barros; Gilberto M. Amado Filho; Rodrigo O. Meire; João Paulo M. Torres; Olaf Malm; Argemiro D’Oliveira Júnior; Leonardo R. Andrade

2011-01-01