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1

Who is responsible for vulnerable pupils? The attitudes of teacher candidates in Serbia and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the ongoing trend towards inclusive education, initial teacher education programmes must ensure that prospective teachers are prepared to teach all pupils effectively. The study presented in this paper aimed to explore the attitudes of teacher candidates in Serbia and Slovenia towards responsibility for the teaching and learning of vulnerable pupils in mainstream elementary schools. Using a quantitative approach, the

Mojca Pe?ek; Sun?ica Macura-Milovanovi?

2012-01-01

2

FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENTS IN SERBIA – STATE AND PERSPECTIVES  

Microsoft Academic Search

The last decade of the twentieth century was very successful for a number of ex socialist countries of Central Europe. That was the decade of prosperity, progress, and getting closer to the modern and developed European countries. This region (Slovenia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, and Slovakia) comprises group of countries in transition, which are in the front line in the

Ivana Ljubenovic Ralevic; Dejan Djuric; Dragana Djuric

2009-01-01

3

Slovakia's Neoliberal Turn  

Microsoft Academic Search

Slovakia distinguished itself in the first half of this decade by launching a coherent set of economic reforms that limited government and transferred social and economic risk to individuals. We examine reforms in fiscal policy, pensions, the labour code, health care, investment, education and justice. While the surprise formation of a centre – right governing coalition in 2002 enabled Slovakia's ‘neoliberal’ turn,

Sharon Fisher; John Gould; Tim Haughton

2007-01-01

4

Utilization of biomass in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

At present, approximately 400?000 ton of biomass annually are utilized for energy. It is a question of fuel wood utilized mainly by inhabitants. Utilization of the rest of forest biomass is small even though an annual utilizable potential is almost 7000 TJ. Increase and higher effectiveness of biomass utilization for energy in Slovakia requires development of preparation technology for fuel

Ján Ilavský; Milan Oravec

2000-01-01

5

15 CFR 742.6 - Regional stability.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland...Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland...Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sweden,...

2010-01-01

6

Health inequality in Slovenia.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to correlate some socio-economic factors (gender, income, education, social position) with some health indicators (life expectancy, death rate by selected causes of death, self-evaluation of one's own health, absence from work due to illness or injuries) with a purpose to define the ineqaulity in health across Slovenian municipalities. In our study two sources of data for the population of Slovenia in 1996 were used: from the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia (aggregated data across Slovenian municipalities) and Public Opinion Research (individual data). Statistical analysis was performed by correlation and factor analysis. The correlation coefficient between education and life expectancy is 0.712. The correlation between income base and life expectancy is also significant (0.707). In the eastern part of the country (mostly rural population) women in average live 2 years and men 3 years less than their counterparts in the western part of the country. Five causes of death across Slovenian municipalities are significantly related to the population's education and incomes, of which only death due to neoplasm is positively correlated to income while all other causes are negatively correlated not only with income but also with education. Health (self-evaluation) is closely related to an individual's education and social position. The factor analysis of pressures at work showed groups of two factors as being the most significant: pressures related to leadership positions (positive correlation with health), and physical labour or work in inferior positions (negative correlation with health). We can conclude that the results of our study showed the crucial effect of investigated socio-economic factors on people's health across Slovenian municipalities. During the present socio-economic transition period we are trying to establish new sources of data and looking for possibilities to connect and refine them for further investigation. PMID:11300078

Artnik, B; Premik, M

2001-01-01

7

Geothermal eel farm in Slovakia  

SciTech Connect

Turcianske Teplice, a small town in west-central Slovakia, has written records of using thermal waters since 1281. In 1992, an eel raising farm was started on the outskirts of the town and since 1994, it has been operated by the firm of Janex Slovensko. The farm, using a specialized water recirculation system, raises a species of migrating eels (Anguilla anguilla). A 220-meter deep well at 42 C provides 48 gpm to the facility for heating through a plate heat exchanger. This is the maximum flow permitted, so as not to influence the springs and wells at the spa about 1 km away. For this reason, the flow is monitored carefully by the state. A second geothermal well at 52 C and 1,500 meters deep is used only as an observation well. Cold water, which is heated by the geothermal water, is pumped from wells near the Turiec River 1.8 km away at 8 to 12 C, depending upon the season, for use in the various holding or raising tanks. The operation of the farm is described.

Lund, J.W. [Oregon Inst. of Tech., Klamath Falls, OR (United States). Geo-Heat Center; Thomka, J.; Sarlinova, K. [Turcianske Teplice (Slovakia)

1998-12-01

8

Cold waves in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Climate extreme indices allow the assessment of changes in extreme climate events. The cold Spell Duration Indice (CSDI), from which the duration and severity of the cold waves are estimated, was applied to the seasonal series of the daily minimum temperatures at 15 meteorological stations in Serbia during the period 1949 to 2012. An analysis of the daily minimum temperatures during the winter season revealed that the longest (up to 20-22 days) and most severe cold waves were recorded in 1954, 1956, 1963 and 1983. In the transient seasons, the cooling episodes were observed in 1983 and 1988 (autumn season) and in 1987 (spring season) followed with a great reduction in duration and severity of cold waves. During the summer season, only in 1962, the longest (from 6 to 8 days) and most intense cold wave was registered almost over the whole territory of Serbia.

Unkasevic, Miroslava; Tosic, Ivana

2013-04-01

9

Genus Dimerella (Coenogoniaceae, lichenized Ascomycota) in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

currence in Slovakia. The paper, based on literature review, revision of collections (BP, BRA, PR, PRC, SAV, W, herb. Vf ezda, herb. Pi{út) and fieldwork, brings together evi- dence of two species, D. pineti and D. lutea. The first voucher specimens and published data for D. pineti date back to the second half of 19th century; 20th century records are

ANNA GUTTOVÁ

2005-01-01

10

Students' Attitudes toward Computer Use in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|ICT has a very short history in Slovakia. A majority of Slovak schools accessed computers and internet only after 2000. Different financial support and schools' participation in various projects resulted in non-random distribution of computers across Slovakian elementary schools. We examined whether 1) attitudes toward computers could be affected…

Fancovicova, Jana; Prokop, Pavol

2008-01-01

11

An expanding Europe : The case for Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

There has been over the last decade an emergence of new democratic states in Eastern Europe and a growing aspiration by many of these states to enter the EU. There would appear to be six front runners in this move towards EU membership – Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia. Slovenia, though a small state and previously part

M. Jeffrey

2002-01-01

12

New Constitution of Republic of Serbia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

English text of the new constitution of the Republic of Serbia, originally published in Politika, 10/2/90, declaring Serbia' sovereignty and outlining economic, political, and social rights and responsibilities, as well as describing major governmental or...

1990-01-01

13

Pedologic Cover of Western and Northwestern Serbia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Contents: Factors of soil formation; Soil types in Western and Northwestern Serbia; Soil conservation and melioration; Soil productivity and zoning. The region of western and northwestern Serbia whose soils are treated in this work covers almost half of S...

D. Tanasijevic G. Antonovic Z. Aleksic N. Pavicevic D. Filipovic

1968-01-01

14

DISTRIBUTION OF AUSTROPOTAMOBIUS TORRENTIUM (DECAPODA: ASTACIDAE) IN SLOVAKIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The distribution of the stone crayfish Austropotamobius torrentium (SCHRANK, 1803) in Slovakia is restricted to only some creeks in the Malé Karpaty Mountains. Most of new sites have been discovered due to intensive investigations during the past three years. The occurrence of this species in other mountain ranges in Slovakia, as mentioned by other authors, has not been confirmed by

E. STLOUKAL; M. HARVÁNEKOVÁ

2005-01-01

15

Serbia and the NATO Partnership for Peace Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis explores Serbia's relationship with NATO, focusing on two questions: How can Serbia and NATO benefit from the Partnership for Peace program. How can Serbia identify its needs for assistance as a consumer of security and also actively contribut...

N. Kotsev

2007-01-01

16

Q fever in Bulgaria and Slovakia.  

PubMed Central

As a result of dramatic political and economic changes in the beginning of the 1990s, Q-fever epidemiology in Bulgaria has changed. The number of goats almost tripled; contact between goat owners (and their families) and goats, as well as goats and other animals, increased; consumption of raw goat milk and its products increased; and goats replaced cattle and sheep as the main source of human Coxiella burnetii infections. Hundreds of overt, serologically confirmed human cases of acute Q fever have occurred. Chronic forms of Q fever manifesting as endocarditis were also observed. In contrast, in Slovakia, Q fever does not pose a serious public health problem, and the chronic form of infection has not been found either in follow-ups of a Q-fever epidemic connected with goats imported from Bulgaria and other previous Q-fever outbreaks or in a serologic survey. Serologic diagnosis as well as control and prevention of Q fever are discussed.

Serbezov, V. S.; Kazar, J.; Novkirishki, V.; Gatcheva, N.; Kovacova, E.; Voynova, V.

1999-01-01

17

Soil and plant pollution by potentially toxic elements in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Problem of soil and plant pollution by heavy metals in Slovakia is evaluated in this study. The measured data on the main risk elements have been obtained from a soil-monitoring grid in Slovakia, which consists of 318 agricultural sites. Analytical procedures of Cd, Pb, Cr, Ni, Zn, Cu (extracted by 2 mol\\/l HNO 3 and by 0.05 mol\\/l EDTA)

J. Kobza

2005-01-01

18

A proposal for telecommunications strategy in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to the Constitutional Charter, which regulates relations between Serbia and Montenegro, adopted in 2003, telecommunications policy is under the Republic’s governance competence. The world’s first global information and communications technologies (ICT) ranking of countries by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Digital Access Index (DIA), presented in the World Telecommunication Development Report 2003, classified Serbia and Montenegro in the category

Milan Lj. Jankovic; Miroslav L. Dukic

2005-01-01

19

Strategy for Integrating Serbia into the West.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The liberal institutions of Western integration, such as NATO and the EU, have the best chance of socializing a multi ethnic Serbia into living in peace with its neighbors. Joining these institutions and integrating with the West will also provide Serbia ...

V. Urbancek

2009-01-01

20

Statistical Analysis of Streamflow Trends in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

According to climate change, trends of river discharges were analyzed showing the hydrological change and future projections of hydrological behaviour in Slovenia. In last years droughts and floods are becoming more and more frequent. In the statistical analysis of streamflow trends of Slovenian rivers, available data on the low, mean and high discharges were examined using mean daily discharges and

M. Jurko; M. Kobold; M. Mikos

2009-01-01

21

The Organizational Values of "Gimnazija" in Slovenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article assesses the organizational values of "gimnazija" in Slovenia and examines the factors that contribute to the building of quality management. The theoretical framework is built on Schein's model of levels of culture, Sathe's interpretation of organizational culture and Getzels and Guba's model of organizational behaviour. Based on…

Pang, Nicholas Sun-Keung

2006-01-01

22

Transition Countries Clamber Aboard the Business Boom in Western Europe. Upswing masks persistent transition-related problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

This report provides an overview of macro-economic developments in 1999 and discusses the economic outlook for the next two years. It covers twelve transition countries Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Macedonia (FYRM), Poland, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Ukraine and Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). In a few graphs and tables as well as in some passages of the text the

Josef Pöschl

2000-01-01

23

FSU/Eastern Europe: Russia spearheads small upturn  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the political and legal scene in Russia, domestic restructuring, exploration, drilling, development by Western companies and by Russian companies, and production. Exploration and development in Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia are also discussed.

NONE

1996-08-01

24

Debris-flow susceptibility map of Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Until now debris-flow susceptibility was relatively poorly investigated in Slovenia. Regarding lack of such studies ťMap of debris-flow susceptibility in Slovenia in scale 1.250.000Ť was elaborated using GIS and the latest spatial data was used; among them the latest lithological map of Slovenia in scale 1:250.000. For the creation of debris-flow susceptibility map of Slovenia in scale 1:250.000 seven considered most important factors were used that were divided into two groups: 1) initial factors that precondition debris-flows: lithology, slope angle, slope potential, 48-hours precipitation and 2) transport factors that contribute to higher probability of the transport of debris-flow material: terrain convexity, energy potential of streams, distance to surface water. Using linear weighted sum the precondition information layer was derived, and the same principal was used to derive transport information layer. Both layers were joined into final susceptibility assessment, again with consideration of their importance to contribute to debris-flow occurrence. Different weights were applied to chosen parameters, which resulted in several different models that were evaluated according to historical or recent debris-flow phenomena. Expert estimation was used to define the torrential areas with high probability of the debris-flow occurrence. The emphasis was on location rather than on the time of the debris-flow occurrence. There were unfortunately no adequate representative data about debris-flow in Slovenia (debris flow cadastre does not exist and not many historical studies have been done so far) for the quantitative statistical analysis. Hence only expert estimation approach was possible, based on the experience and historical events gathered from chronicles and eyewitness. Such an approach is mainly limited by subjectivity and has difficulties with sound argumentation, but at the given state it was the only possible approach. Based upon spatial analyses of four pilot cases and the expertise from earlier risk analyses (Komac, 2005) the influence on debris-flow susceptibility of each spatial parameter was defined. All parameters were classified and normalized prior to be used in the model. Quality of different models was tested on the set of ten debris-flows from the past. Results of modelling (the best model) are presented in the form of the Map of debris-flow susceptibility in Slovenia. Map of such scale is still not detailed enough to be used as an information source for the prevention activities on local scale, since it only indicates initial areas, to which further activities should be oriented. Nevertheless the map is a good strategic planning tool and as such represents a strong foundation for further detailed investigations focused into smaller and more detailed areas.

Komac, M.; Kumelj, Š.; Ribi?i?, M.

2009-04-01

25

Astronomy Education in Serbia 2008-2011  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A review is given of triennial activities in astronomy education in Serbia at all levels. Astronomy makes part of the primary and secondary school curricula, but still neither as a separate nor as a compulsory subject. In the past three years the programs at all five state universities in Serbia were accredited. Among the general public, the interest for astronomy is steadily increasing, and four new amateur astronomical societies have been founded. Serbian teams continued to successfully participate in the International Astronomy Olympiads.

Atanackovic, O.

2012-12-01

26

MOLECULAR CHARACTERISATION OF INDIGENOUS APIS MELLIFERA CARNICA POLLMANN IN SLOVENIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Carniolan bee (Apis mellifera carnica) and C phylogenetic lineage of honeybees as a whole, is genetically poorly studied, therefore, the genetic structure of Carniolan bee population from Slovenia has been assessed by mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses. Honeybees were collected from 269 localities in Slovenia; bee samples from Greece, Czech Republic, Croatia, Germany and France were included in the analysis

S. SUŠNIK; J. POKLUKAR; V. MEGLI?

27

Vertical market integration and competition: the meat sector in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents price transmission models explaining the farm-to-retail price spread and degree of competition in the meat marketing chains during the period of economic transition in Slovenia. The meat marketing chains in Slovenia are characterised by relatively large processing and marketing margins, which are expected to decline with market deregulation and integration into the international markets. As results of

Štefan Bojnec; Günter Peter

2005-01-01

28

Social Context of Public Administration Reform in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Public administration reform in Slovenia is regarded as an ongo- ing process with intertwining political, legal, sociological, economic, information-based, and other dimensions of the efforts and activities involved. The main sociological-political aspects include the guide- lines of social and economic development directed by Slovenia's membership in the EU. These comprise particularly the programme for reducing the administrative burden, the use

IRENA FRANCELJ

2008-01-01

29

Firm performance and the political economy of corporate governance: survey evidence for Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using survey data for 220 traditional manufacturing firms over 7 years of transition and 4 Central Eastern Europe (CEE) countries, we find firms that produced for the EU market under planning consistently outperform those that produced for the CMEA market. Within the previously CMEA market, the best firms were selected to outside privatisation and outperformed insider\\/state owned firms. Outside privatisation

Patrick Paul Walsh; Ciara Whelan

2001-01-01

30

Arsenic Health Risk Assessment and Molecular Epidemiology Project in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Arsenic Health Risk Assessment and Molecular Epidemiology (ASHRAM) project is an international study funded by the European Commission and managed by an international consortium. For this project, areas in Slovakia, Romania and Hungary were selected for evaluation. The objectives of the study included: (1) to quantify the cancer risks in relation to arsenic ingestion via drinking water; (2) to

Kvetoslava Koppová; Eleonora Fabiánová; Katarina Slotová; Pavlina Bartová; Marek Drímal

31

Stigma and Roma Education Policy Reform in Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article addresses reform of Roma education in Slovakia against the backdrop of continued stigmatization of Roma students. Transnational NGOs and IGOs promote rights-based solutions leading to the fullest possible inclusion of Roma students in mainstream education. The Slovak state promotes educational policies that lead to the fullest…

New, William

2012-01-01

32

Information Science Research Agenda in Slovakia: History and Emerging Vision.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents research and education in library and information science in Slovakia as an example of the history, present state, and future of information science research and collaboration in central European countries. Highlights include: the professional experience in the region since 1990, structural changes, examples of these changes, recent…

Steinerova, Jela

2003-01-01

33

Climate Warming and Tick-borne Encephalitis, Slovakia  

PubMed Central

Increased tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) cases have been reported in central Europe. To investigate temporal trends in the altitude at which TBE cases occur in Slovakia, we analyzed the number of TBE cases during 1961–2004. Since 1980, TBE cases moved from lowlands to submountainous areas, most likely because of rising temperature.

Bullova, Eva; Petko, Branislav

2010-01-01

34

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL AND MICROBIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF MYCOBACTERIOSES IN SLOVAKIA — M. SZULGAI  

Microsoft Academic Search

Badalik L, Svejnochova M, Honzatkova Z, Kristufek P: Epidemiological and microbiological aspects of mycobacte- rioses in Sovakia — M. szulgai Bratisl Lek Listy 2000; 101 (3): 163-165 The first case of mycobacteriosis caused by M. szulgai in the territory of Czechoslovakia was discovered in the year 1979 in southern Slovakia and was published in our and foreign literature in the

BADALIK L; SVEJNOCHOVA M; HONZATKOVA Z; KRISTUFEK P

35

T-year maximum discharges on water courses in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

T-year maximum discharges serve the purpose of background for design, building and operation of water management constructions and facilities, regulation of water courses, flood and environmental protection. The Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMI) processes and provides these data according technical standards. It is a tradition that the whole territory of Slovakia is processed and the system of river network is considered.

Jana Podolinská; H. Sipikalová

2008-01-01

36

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2005: Serbia and Montenegro.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Serbia and Montenegro is a state union consisting of the relatively large Republic of Serbia and the much smaller Republic of Montenegro. The state union is a parliamentary democracy. The state union government's responsibilities are limited to foreign af...

2006-01-01

37

Conditions on U.S. Aid to Serbia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Since FY2001, Congress has conditioned U.S. aid to Serbia on a presidential certification that Serbia has met certain conditions, including cooperation with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). The second session of the 11...

S. Woehrel

2008-01-01

38

Serbia and the NATO Partnership for Peace Program.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This thesis explores Serbia's relationship with NATO, focusing on two questions: How can Serbia and NATO benefit from the Partnership for Peace (PfP) program. How can Serbia identify its needs as a consumer of security assistance and also actively contrib...

N. T. Kotsev

2008-01-01

39

Information system of mineral deposits in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At the Geologic Survey of Slovenia the need for complex overview and control of the deposits of available non-metallic mineral raw materials and of their exploitations became urgent. In the framework of the Geologic Information System we established the Database of non-metallic mineral deposits comprising all important data of deposits and concessionars. Relational database is built with program package MS Access, but in year 2008 we plan to transfer it on SQL server. In the evidence there is 272 deposits and 200 concessionars. The mineral resources information system of Slovenia, which was started back in 2002, consists of two integrated parts, mentioned relational database of mineral deposits, which relates information in tabular way so that rules of relational algebra can be applied, and geographic information system (GIS), which relates spatial information of deposits. . The complex relationships between objects and the concepts of normalized data structures, lead to the practical informative and useful data model, transparent to the user and to better decision-making by allowing future scenarios to be developed and inspected. Computerized storage, and display system is as already said, developed and managed under the support of Geological Survey of Slovenia, which conducts research on the occurrence, quality, quantity, and availability of mineral resources in order to help the Nation make informed decisions using earth-science information. Information about deposit is stored in records in approximately hundred data fields. A numeric record number uniquely identifies each site. The data fields are grouped under principal categories. Each record comprise elementary data of deposit (name, type, location, prospect, rock), administrative data (concessionar, number of decree in official paper, object of decree, number of contract and its duration) and data of mineral resource produced amount and size of exploration area). The data can also be searched, sorted and printed using any of these fields. New records are being added annually, and existing records updated or upgraded. Relational database is connected with scanned exploration/exploitation areas of deposits, defined on the base of digital ortofoto. Register of those areas is indispensable because of spatial planning and spatial municipal and regional strategy development. Database is also part of internet application for quick search and review of data and part of web page of mineral resources of Slovenia. The technology chosen for internet application is ESRI's ArcIMS Internet Map Server. ArcIMS allows users to readily and easily display, analyze, and interpret spatial data from desktop using a Web browser connected to the Internet. We believe that there is an opportunity for cooperation within this activity. We can offer a single location where users can come to browse relatively simply for geoscience-related digital data sets.

Hribernik, K.; Rokavec, D.; Šinigioj, J.; Šolar, S.

2010-03-01

40

Management of small producers waste in Slovenia  

SciTech Connect

Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Radioactive materials are extensively used in Slovenia in various fields and applications in medicine, industry and research. For the managing of radioactive waste raised from these establishments the Agency for radwaste management (ARAO) was authorised as the state public service of managing the radioactive waste in 1999. The public service of the radioactive waste of small producers in Slovenia is performed in line with the Governmental decree on the Mode, Subject and Terms of Performing the Public Service of Radioactive Waste Management (Official Gazette RS No. 32/99). According to the Decree the scope of the public service includes: 'collection of the waste from small producers at the producers' premises and its transportation to the storage facility for treatment, storing and disposal', 'acceptance of radioactive waste in case of emergency situation on the premises, in case of transport accidents or some other accidents', 'acceptance of radioactive waste in cases when the producer is unknown', 'management (collection, transport, pre-treatment, storing, together with QA and radiation protection measures) of radioactive waste', 'treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste for storing and disposal', and 'operating of the Central Interim Storage for LIL waste from small producers'. After taking over the performing of the public service, ARAO first started with the project for refurbishment and modernization of the Central Interim Storage Facility, including improvements of the storage utilization and rearrangement of the stored waste. (authors)

Fabjan, Marija; Rojc, Joze [Agency for Radwaste Management, Parmova 53, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

2007-07-01

41

Musculoskeletal Trauma Services in Serbia  

PubMed Central

Serbia, a middle-income country, is located in southeastern Europe, with territory of 88,361 km2 and 9,400,000 inhabitants. Average month salary is US$542 and the registered unemployment rate is 22%. The country is administratively divided into 30 districts (193 municipalities). The healthcare system is territorially organized. In the state capital there are five clinical hospitals with musculoskeletal traumatology departments, as well as one in each of the four university centers. In addition, there are orthopaedic departments in 40 smaller hospitals throughout the country and in three military hospitals, along with several pediatric surgical departments involved in managing musculoskeletal trauma. There are 524 orthopaedic trauma surgeons (1:18,000 people), with a minor number of additionally trained general and pediatric surgeons who care for musculoskeletal problems. Bonesetters are neither recognized nor included in the healthcare system. Orthopaedic traumatology services are well organized, with variable accessibility depending on the distance between injury site and nearest medical facility. Preventive strategies are well developed and mainly consider agricultural, industrial, and traffic injuries. Distribution of medical institutions is satisfactory. Future activities should include continuing medical education of specialists, exclusion of inappropriate specialists, improvement of preventive strategies and medical transport facilities, as well as standardization of medical equipment, diagnostics, and treatment protocols.

Spasovski, Dusko; Zivkovic, Zorica

2008-01-01

42

Solar erythemal UV-radiation climate over Slovakia A. Pribullova  

Microsoft Academic Search

Maps of the solar erythemal ultraviolet (UV) radiation daily doses were created for every month with horizontal resolution of 500 m at geographical domain 47.15N - 49.86N x 16.94E - 22.81E covering the territory of Slovakia. Cloud modification factor (cmf) for the UV radiation was modeled utilizing relation between the cmf of total and UV radiation for 6 solar zenith

M. Chmelik

43

Roof top extensions for multifamily houses in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the countries of the European Union with the exception of Malta, approximately 100.1 million multifamily dwelling units are situated. These dwellings count for an average of 47.5% of the total housing stock in European Union countries. At present in Slovakia and also other countries of Central and Eastern Europe, there are vast housing areas which were built after World War II. Slovakia's multifamily housing stock was privatized during the 1990s. Considering that the economy of Slovakia is not capable of replacing the existing housing fund, which is located in the multifamily houses that were built after World War II, it is necessary to place an increased emphasis on the renovation of this housing fund. The expenditures for the refurbishment of multifamily housing stock in recent decades, when compared with the demand, have been at a very low level. The main problems involving the current multifamily housing stock in Slovakia are: the need for modernization, the low level of energy efficiency, and the insufficient level of building maintenance. One of the options for creating sufficient sources for the renovation of apartment buildings is to utilize the roofs of apartment buildings as construction areas for building additional floors (over - roofing). The means acquired from the sale of the new floors after deducting the costs can be used for renovation. It is a matter of a one-time possibility, which is limited by many factors that depend on the localization and constructive technical solutions for apartment buildings. This article is an outcome of the SuReFit "Sustainable Roof Extension Retrofit for High-Rise Social Housing in Europe" international research project.

Szekeres, K.

2010-12-01

44

Application of a groundwater contamination index in Finland and Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A methodology is presented for evaluating and mapping the degree of groundwater contamination by applying the contamination\\u000a index C\\u000a \\u000a d\\u000a . The applicability of the contamination index was tested in two distinctly different geological regions: the area between\\u000a Uusikaupunki and Ylne in southwestern Finland and the Brezno area in central Slovakia. The index takes into account both\\u000a the number of

B. Backman; D. Bodiš; P. Lahermo; S. Rapant; T. Tarvainen

1998-01-01

45

Geomyces destructans associated with bat disease WNS detected in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper describes macro- and micromorphological features of Geomyces destructans, the fungus which is associated with the white-nose syndrome (WNS) bat disease in North America. This species was isolated\\u000a from hibernating Myotis myotis at two sites in Malé Karpaty Mts (the old mine Pod medve?ou skalou and the ZbojnÍcka Cave) in Western Slovakia. Besides Geomyces destructans, the species Isaria farinosa,

Alexandra Šimonovi?ov; Domenico Pangallo; Katarína Chovanová; Blanka Lehotská

2011-01-01

46

Wave reworking of reservoir banks composed of flysch in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conclusion  A wave regime on reservoirs leads to erosion of their banks, to wave scour. The total length of the shoreline of reservoirs\\u000a in Slovakia is more than 300 km, of which about 50% is accounted for by those which are characterized by a large storage capacity\\u000a and intense wave action (Orava, Bolsaja Domasa, Liptovsk Mara, Vihorlat). Wave scour in combination

M. Lukac

1979-01-01

47

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2008: Slovenia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional republic of approximately two million persons. Power is shared between a directly elected president (head of state), a prime minister (head of government), and a bicameral parliament composed of the...

2008-01-01

48

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2006: Slovenia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional republic of approximately two million persons. Power is shared between a directly elected president (head of state), a prime minister (head of government), and a bicameral parliament, composed of th...

2007-01-01

49

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2005: Slovenia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Slovenia is a parliamentary democracy and constitutional republic of approximately two million persons. Power is shared between a directly elected president (head of state), a prime minister (head of government), and a bicameral parliament, composed of th...

2006-01-01

50

Hepatozoon canis infection in Slovakia: imported or autochthonous?  

PubMed

Tissue samples from nine red foxes (four samples of striated muscle tissue and five samples of heart tissue) that originated from the Michalovce district (Slovakia), an area with endemic occurrence of canine babesiosis were examined by PCR method using primers amplifying a fragment of the 18S rRNA spanning the V4 region of Babesia and Theileria. An unexpected determination of 450 bp DNA fragment of Hepatozoon canis was found in four samples. Partial sequences of the 18S rRNA gene from the H. canis showed 100% similarity with the sequence from Brasil isolate of H. canis from a pampas fox (Pseudalopex gymnocercus) (AY471615) as well as from a fox in Spain (AY150067) and from a dog in Brazil (AY864677). In the present study, we report the first PCR detection of Hepatozoon canis in a naturally infected red fox from Slovakia, a Rhipicephalus sanguineus-free region. We assume that the infection was spread by infected R. sanguineus that might have been brought to Slovakia by travelers, by golden jackals, or by foxes migrating because of expansion of golden jackals and environmental and climate changes. PMID:17627439

Majláthová, Viktória; Hurníková, Zuzana; Majláth, Igor; Petko, Branislav

2007-01-01

51

First autochthonous case of canine Angiostrongylus vasorum in Slovakia.  

PubMed

Angiostrongylus vasorum is a metastrongyloid nematode that may cause cardiopulmonary disease, neurological signs and coagulopathies in dogs. The parasite has an indirect life cycle with molluscs as intermediate hosts, in which the infective third larval stage develops. Recently, A. vasorum has been repeatedly reported in dogs outside the endemic areas, indicating that this parasite is widely distributed over Europe. This is the first record of an autochthonous infection in a dog from Slovakia that was casually diagnosed during routine preventive parasitological examination. A. vasorum first-stage larvae were recovered using the Baermann technique and identified by length and characteristic tail morphology. The animal originated from Slovakia and had not travelled abroad. The dog had been regularly walked on grass fields with a concentrated presence of common species of Gastropoda and frogs. The owner reported that the dog had been licking and eating grass and it had shown curiosity for molluscs and frogs. The first finding of A. vasorum-infected dog in Slovakia has confirmed that the parasite is spreading beyond the traditional hyperendemic foci, which accentuates the need for monitoring and increasing of disease awareness in primary care clinical practice. PMID:23851730

Hurníková, Z; Miterpáková, M; Mandelík, R

2013-07-14

52

Amateur Astronomers Association of Serbia - Activities and Importance of Association in Amateur Astronomy in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, the Amateur Astronomers Association of Serbia is presented and its importance for popularization of astronomy as well. The activities of the Association in founding new societies, promotion, assistance in work and cooperation are listed. Particular review is made on visiting territories in Serbia where organized astronomical activities in the form of amateur societies do not exist, as well as on founding new societies.

Aleksic, J.; Radmilovic, D.

2012-12-01

53

31 CFR 586.304 - Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M).  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). 586.304 Section 586...Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro); FRY (S&M). The term Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia & Montenegro) or FRY (S&M) means the territory of...

2009-07-01

54

Inclusive Education--Empirical Experience from Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This descriptive study finds out the problems most frequently facing the children with special needs in regular schooling. The sample included 500 teachers in elementary schools from Serbia. The results point out the problems in inclusive education. Most educational problems occur in relations and communications with their peers in typical…

Kovacevic, Jasmina; Macesic-Petrovic, Dragana

2012-01-01

55

RESEARCH DATABASES IN SERBIA & INFORMATION DISSEMINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Through a detailed review of STM and busi- ness content available in Serbia, this article depicts the value of particular databases and the impact of a tre- mendous influx of information into the country in re- cent years. The two most comprehensive databases are provided by EBSCO Publishing (EBSCO), the world's largest intermediary between publishers and libraries. EBSCO's company approach

Sam Brooks

56

Serbia between civil war and democracy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Faced with the collapse of their economy and with the attempt by national elites to take what was left of their honor, most Serbs have finally awakened from their long lethargy following the war and nationalistic hysteria in the former Yugoslavia. The government's refusal to recognize election results (that is, the victory of Zajedno—the three?party opposition coalition) in Serbia's largest

1998-01-01

57

The culture of national security in Slovakia, 1993 to 1998: The relationship among norms, identity and national security  

Microsoft Academic Search

On 1 January 1993 the Republic of Slovakia became a sovereign state and the Slovak's finally achieved their independence. Slovakia desired to integrate into Euro-Atlantic institutions and declared its aspiration to join a collective defense organization, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). However, NATO did not extend an invitation to Slovakia in 1997 during the Alliance's first post-Cold War round

Eva Strelka Jenkins

2003-01-01

58

Biology of Eurasian Ruffe from Slovakia and Adjacent Central European Countries  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research information on Eurasian ruffe from previously published peer-review literature, reports, and previously unavailable or unpublished research from Slovakia and central Europe is synthesized. The synthesis focuses on geographical distribution, habitat requirements, reproductive biology, early development, diet, morphology, age and growth, and karyotype analysis. In Slovakia, the Eurasian ruffe prefers lentic to lotic environment. It is benthic but does not

Vladimír Ková?

1998-01-01

59

Europeanization in the "Other" Europe: Writing the Nation into "Europe" Education in Slovakia and Estonia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|How is the tension between renewed nationalist and European narratives of belonging being unfolded in the curricula, discourse, and practice of civic education in Slovakia and Estonia. As two post-socialist territories that were "reborn" as independent nation-states in the 1990s, Slovakia and Estonia were confronted with pressure to…

Michaels, Deborah L.; Stevick, E. Doyle

2009-01-01

60

Prevalence of Coxiella burnetti Infection in Military Training Areas in the Czech Republic and Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lit era k I.: Prevalence of Coxiella burnetii Infection in Military Training Areas in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Acta vet. Brno 1995, 64: 179-186. Between 1987 and 1992, the presence of antibodies to the Q fever agent was investigated in seven military training areas (MTA) on the territory of the Czech republic and Slovakia. Using a com­ plement fixation

I. Literák

1995-01-01

61

Modernisation of Vocational Education and Training in Slovenia. National Observatory Country Report, 1999.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Since the beginning of the 1990s, Slovenia has been catching up with other developed market economies. The economic situation has improved; the unemployment rate has declined. Slovenia's criticism of the 1980s educational reform carried out in Yugoslavia (which included Slovenia until 1991) and continued discussion have led to design of a new…

Gerzina, Suzana; Vranjes, Petra; Cek, Mojca

62

DNAs Experiences in the Western Balkans: The Republic of Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The Republic of Serbia was formally established in June 2006, after the independence of the Republic of Montenegro led to\\u000a the split of the former State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Serbia is located in the very heart of Balkan Peninsula and has a territory of approximately 88,000 km2, with about 7,500,000 inhabitants. After the severe economic crisis experienced in

Slavko Bogdanovic; Andrea Rossi; Svetlana Nojkovic

63

Environmental analyse of soil organic carbon stock changes in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The content and quality of soil organic matter is one of the basic soil parameters on which soil production functioning depends as well as it is active in non production soil functions like an ecological one especially. Morphologic segmentation of Slovakia has significant influence of structure in using agricultural soil in specific areas of our territory. Also social changes of early 90´s of 20´th century made their impact on change of using of agricultural soil (transformation from large farms to smaller ones, decreasing the number of livestock). This research is studying changes of development of soil organic carbon stock (SOC) in agricultural soil of Slovakia as results of climatic as well as social and political changes which influenced agricultury since last 40 years. The main goal of this research is an analysis of soil organic carbon stock since 1970 until now at specific agroclimatic regions of Slovakia and statistic analysis of relation between modelled data of SOC stock and soil quality index value. Changes of SOC stock were evaluated on the basis SOC content modeling using RothC-26.3 model. From modeling of SOC stock results the outcome is that in that time the soil organic carbon stock was growing until middle 90´s years of 20´th century with the highest value in 1994. Since that year until new millennium SOC stock is slightly decreasing. After 2000 has slightly increased SOC stock so far. According to soil management SOC stock development on arable land is similar to overall evolution. In case of grasslands after slight growth of SOC stock since 1990 the stock is in decline. This development is result of transformational changes after 1989 which were specific at decreasing amount of organic carbon input from organic manure at grassland areas especially. At warmer agroclimatic regions where mollic fluvisols and chernozems are present and where are soils with good quality and steady soil organic matter (SOM) the amount of SOC in monitored time is still growing. At colder agroclimatic regions, at flysch region especially where cambisols are present with low of SOM stability since 1994 stability or decreasing of SOC stock is resulting. This is result of climatic impact (lower temperatures, higher humidity) as well as the way of soil management because at colder region the number of glasslands is increased in comparison to arable land. Close relationship between SOC stock and soil production potential index representing the official basis for soil quality evaluation in Slovakia was also determined and a polynomial model was found which describes the relation at the 95% confidence level. From the obtained results it can be concluded, that the amount of crop residues and farmyard manure coming to the soil both in the first and second simulation period (1970 - 1995 and 1996 - 2007) was responsible for general trends in SOC stock dynamics. Achieved results also show different amount and changes of SOC stock in different agroclimatic regions. It was also found that that value of soil production potential index generally used for soil quality assessment in Slovakia corresponds well with simulated values of SOC stocks in top-soils of cropland soils. Key words Soil organic carbon stock, modelling, agricultural soils, agroclimatic regions, Slovakia Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-0333-06.

Koco, Š.; Baran?íková, G.; Skalský, R.; Tarasovi?ová, Z.; Gutteková, M.; Halas, J.; Makovníková, J.; Novákova, M.

2012-04-01

64

Statistical Analysis of Streamflow Trends in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

According to climate change, trends of river discharges were analyzed showing the hydrological change and future projections of hydrological behaviour in Slovenia. In last years droughts and floods are becoming more and more frequent. In the statistical analysis of streamflow trends of Slovenian rivers, available data on the low, mean and high discharges were examined using mean daily discharges and the Hydrospect software, which was developed under the auspices of WMO for detecting changes in hydrological data (Kundzewicz and Robson, 2000). The Mann-Kendall test was applied for the estimation of trends in the river flow index series. Trend analysis requires long records of observation to distinguish climate change-induced trends from climate variability. The problems of missing values, seasonal and other short-term fluctuations or anthropogenic impacts and lack of homogeneity of data due to the changes in instruments and observation techniques are frequently present in existing hydrological data sets. Therefore the analysis was carried out for 77 water gauging stations representatively distributed across Slovenia with sufficiently long and reliable continuous data sets. The average length of the data sets from the selected water gauging stations is about 50 years. Different indices were used to assess the temporal variation of discharges: annual mean daily discharge, annual maximum daily discharge, two magnitude and frequency series by peak-over-threshold (POT) approach (POT1 and POT3), and two low flow indices describing the different duration of low flows (7 and 30 days). The clustering method was used to classify the results of trends into groups. The assumption of a general decrease of water quantities in Slovenian rivers was confirmed. The annual mean daily discharges of the analyzed water gauging stations show a significant negative trend for the majority of the stations. Similar results with lower statistical significance show annual minimum 7-day and 30-day mean discharge. For the flood indices, there are generally slightly more stations showing a significant negative trend than a significant positive trend. Significant negative trends were seen for gauging stations with predominantly high-mountain and karstic catchment areas. Reference: Kundzewicz, Z.W. and Robson, A. (2000). Detecting trend and other changes in hydrological data. WMO Report WMO/TD-No. 1013. Geneva.

Jurko, M.; Kobold, M.; Mikoš, M.

2009-04-01

65

Bacterial diseases of Agaricus bisporus in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An increase of mushroom production in Serbia contributed to the increased incidence and importance of problems related to\\u000a mushroom pathology. Apart from the decline in mushroom quality due to a maturation or senescence process, mushroom caps are\\u000a often colonized by mycopathogenic microorganisms causing growth deformation and decay. From samples of diseased white button\\u000a mushrooms we isolated bacterial isolates associated with

A. Obradovi?; K. Gaši?; M. Ivanovi?

66

Alcohol consumption among adolescents in Kraljevo, Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of alcohol consumption among adolescents in one town\\u000a in Central Serbia. A questionnaire was used to obtain data from 191 Serbian students aged 18 years regarding personal experience\\u000a with alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking, along with sociodemographics data. Alcohol consumption was reported by 97.4%\\u000a subjects, with 34.9% having

Natasa Djordjevic; Jelena Bogojevic; Marina Kostic

2011-01-01

67

Dirofilaria repens microfilariae in Aedes vexans mosquitoes in Slovakia.  

PubMed

In this study, we screened field-caught mosquitoes for presence of Dirofilaria spp. by using a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay. Potential occurrence of Dirofilaria repens and Dirofilaria immitis microfilariae was examined in 3,600 mosquitoes of eight species (Aedes vexans, Aedes cinereus, Aedes rossicus, Culex pipiens, Culiseta annulata, Ochlerotatus sticticus, Ochlerotatus cantans and Ochlerotatus caspius) collected from five locations in two districts (Kosice and Trebisov) of Eastern Slovakia, endemic region of canine dirofilariasis. Collection of mosquitoes was performed between May and August 2012 in premises known to be inhabited by Dirofilaria-infected dogs. PCR assays were performed on 72 pools, each pool containing 50 mosquitoes of the same species, collected on the same location. Each pool was examined separately for the presence of D. immitis and D. repens, respectively. A positive finding of D. repens was recorded in one pool of A. vexans mosquitoes collected in Košické Olšany village. Minimum infection rate in A. vexans was 1:1,750, i.e. 0.57 per 1,000 mosquitoes. The identity of D. repens was confirmed by direct sequencing of PCR product which has shown 100 % homology with sequence attributed to D. repens (GenBank accession number AJ271614). This study represents the first molecular evidence of D. repens microfilariae in mosquitoes in Slovakia and highlights a need for better surveillance of zoonotic dirofilariasis in central Europe. PMID:23846240

Bocková, Eva; Rudolf, Ivo; Ko?išová, Alica; Betášová, Lenka; Venclíková, Kristýna; Mendel, Jan; Hubálek, Zden?k

2013-07-12

68

Identification and inventory of tenorm sources in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper addresses identification of industries and activities handling NORM and inventory of TENORM in Slovenia. The identification is based on survey of historical information available, results published in scientific papers, research reports made by research institutions within Slovenia, as well as original research aimed at obtaining more detailed picture of the areas investigated. For this purpose, gamma dose-rate measurements were performed on site, sampled TENORM/NORM materials were measured by high-resolution gamma spectrometry for determination of 210Pb, 238U, 232Th, 228Th and 226Ra. Waste water and ground water samples were analysed for 238U, 226Ra and 210Pb using RNAA, LSC and beta proportional counting. The inventory of the investigated sites is presented, giving the information on amounts of the deposited wastes, specific activities of the natural radionuclides and geographical distribution of the inventories in Slovenia.

Smodiš, B.; Repinc, U.; Benedik, L.

2006-01-01

69

Virus meningo-encephalitis in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

This article describes the steps taken to verify that the tick Ixodes ricinus is the main vector of Slovenian meningo-encephalitis. In 1954, several unsuccessful attempts were made to isolate the virus from unengorged ticks collected at random, but in the following year this system was abandoned, and instead the search for specimens was carried out on the basis of evidence supplied by meningo-encephalitis patients with a tick-bite case history. In June—the peak endemic period—140 unengorged ticks were collected from a part of a forest in central Slovenia where one of these patients had been working. The ticks were washed in alcohol, finely ground, and centrifuged, and the supernatant was inoculated intracerebrally into suckling mice, and intraperitoneally into adult mice and guinea-pigs. The infected suckling mice died between the fourteenth and eighteenth day after inoculation; a suspension of their brains was inoculated intracerebrally into a further batch of suckling and adult mice, which subsequently fell ill, showing signs in the central nervous system. The virus strain obtained was subjected to neutralization and complement-fixation tests, in order to identify the infective agent.

Likar, M.; Kmet, J.

1956-01-01

70

The International Year of Astronomy in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The central institution in Serbia involved in the preparations for the International Year of Astronomy 2009 (IYA2009) is the Astronomical Society "Rudjer Boskovic" (ASRB) Belgrade, the oldest astronomical society in Serbia and one of the oldest in the Balkans (founded in 1934). ASRB has published the astronomical magazine VASIONA (Universe) since 1953. This is the oldest magazine in Serbia for the popularisation of astronomy and science in general. The most important activities in the ASRB public outreach programme are based on ongoing programmes and projects at the Public Observatory (founded in 1964) and the Planetarium (founded in 1969). The National Node has been working on a detailed plan to enrich ongoing projects and organise special IYA2009 events (public observations and lectures, 100 hours of astronomy, special TV shows and broadcasting programmes, concerts and exhibitions) all over the country, coordinating more than 20 amateur astronomical societies. It also should be noticed that in 2009, the year of celebrating astronomy, the Astronomical Society "Rudjer Boskovic" celebrates three important anniversaries - 75 years since its foundation, 45 years of the Public Observatory and 40 years of the Planetarium.

Stanic, N.

2008-06-01

71

Country Reports on Human Rights Practices, 2004: Serbia and Montenegro.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The state union of Serbia and Montenegro (SaM) is a constitutional republic consisting of the relatively large Republic of Serbia and the much smaller Republic of Montenegro. The two republics hold most real authority, while the state union Government's r...

2005-01-01

72

Belgrade vs. Serbia: Spatial Re-Configurations of Belonging  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article explores the relationship between the nation, the city, narratives, and belonging in Serbia through an analysis of narratives of a set of 30 interviews with young Belgrade intellectuals aged 23–35. I argue that what appears to be emerging in post-Milosevic Serbia is a new articulation and a new scale of belonging. Most of my informants are mobilising their

Zala Volcic

2005-01-01

73

Serbia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Serbia faces an important crossroads in its development. It is seeking to integrate into the European Union, but its progress has been hindered by a failure to arrest four remaining indicted war criminals. Serbia has sought closer ties to NATO, but the go...

S. Woehrel

2008-01-01

74

Astronomy and public outreach in Serbia (1934-2009)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The astronomical community in Serbia has grown significantly over the last few decades, despite the departure overseas of much home-grown talent. Serbia celebrates three important anniversaries in 2007 - 150 years since the birth of Milan Nedeljkovic, who introduced the first astronomical subjects to the Faculty of Mathematics in 1884, and founded the Astronomical Observatory in Belgrade in 1887; 120

N. Stanic

2008-01-01

75

THE USE OF CARDIOVASCULAR DRUGS IN NIŠ REGION OF SERBIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. Cardiovascular disease mortality is high in Serbia. Analysis of cardiovascular drugs utilization in the population is the basis for the assessment of cardiovascular pharmacotherapy appropriateness. The aim of this study was to analyze the out-of-hospital cardiovascular drug utilization in the Niš region of Serbia & Montenegro. Using the ATC\\/DDD methodology, we analyzed the utilization of cardiovascular drugs dispensed on

Radmila M. Veli?kovi?-Radovanovi?; Slobodan M. Jankovi?

2006-01-01

76

Who Is Guarding Serbia's Borders. An Assessment of Serbia's Progress in Border Security Development and Reform.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This study considers how Serbian border security sector reform illuminates questions of force and statecraft in a southern European nation. In 2006, Serbia became a member of the Partnership for Peace (PfP), a step toward North Atlantic Treaty Organizatio...

C. A. Rose

2011-01-01

77

Motivation to Learn and Teach English in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was conducted in Slovenia, and explored the views of a sample of 226 pupils (aged 14?15 years) regarding their motivation to learn English and the views of a sample of 95 student teachers regarding their motivation to become a teacher of English. The data consisted of two questionnaires. The first questionnaire asked the pupils to rate the importance

Chris Kyriacou; Machiko Kobori

1998-01-01

78

Sport, Nationalism and the Shifting Meanings of Soccer in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

So many different meanings have been attributed to the game of soccer in recent decades in Slovenia that it is difficult to believe they are just a reflection of the varying fortunes of Slovenian clubs and, later, of its national team. Taking this observation as a point of departure, the author scrutinizes the most important shifts in the meaning of

Peter Stankovic

2004-01-01

79

Integration versus Segregation--The Case of Slovenia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Analyzes the discourse used when dealing with educational integration via legislation, highlighting philosophical and political solutions used as the basis for new legislation regarding education for children with special needs in Slovenia. Emphasizes the importance of considering parent, teacher, and student attitudes toward inclusive education…

Pecek, Mojca

2001-01-01

80

Intensity of mineralization processes in mountain lakes in NW Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential and actual intensity of mineralization in sediments of fourteen mountain lakes and one subalpine lake in NW Slovenia have been measured. Potential mineralization was measured as the intensity of the electron transport system (ETS) activity of microzoobenthos and microbial communities and the actual mineralization as the oxygen consumption of respiration processes, both measured at a standard temperature of

Tatjana Sim?i?; Anton Brancelj

2002-01-01

81

Organisation and reforms of the electricity sector in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

As a new member state of the EU, Slovenia has been required to adopt EU legislation in full. The Slovenian electricity market has been partially opened since 2001. From 1 July 2007, when households became eligible customers, the electricity market opened fully. The electricity reforms carried out so far comprise of market liberalization, unbundling of activities, allowing regulated TPA, formation

Nevenka Hrovatin; Russell Pittman; Jelena Zori?

2009-01-01

82

Multiple tick-associated bacteria in Ixodes ricinus from Slovakia.  

PubMed

Eighty Ixodes ricinus ticks collected in the Rovinka forest in Slovakia were tested by real-time and routine single-step PCR for the presence of different pathogenic and endosymbiotic bacteria. No evidence of Coxiella burnetii, Diplorickettsia massiliensis, or Bartonella spp. was found. However, we identified, as the pathogenic bacteria, Anaplasma phagocytophilum in 8%, Rickettsia helvetica in 11%, Borrelia afzelii in 9%, Bo. garinii in 8%, Bo. burgdorferi sensu stricto in 5%, Bo. valaisiana in 3%, and Bo. miyamotoi in 1% of ticks. Other bacteria with unknown or suspected pathogenicity for humans were also identified: Arsenophonus nasoniae in 25%, Spiroplasma ixodetis in 3%, Candidatus Midichloria mitochondrii in 4%, Wolbachia aff. pipientis in 14%, and Ehrlichia muris in 3% of ticks. A. nasoniae was found almost exclusively in nymphs, and E. muris was only found in adult ticks. In total, 65% of ticks contained at least one species of bacteria, and 16% contained 2 or more species. PMID:23182274

Subramanian, Geetha; Sekeyova, Zuzana; Raoult, Didier; Mediannikov, Oleg

2012-11-20

83

SHORT REPORT: SIMULTANEOUS OCCURRENCE OF DOBRAVA, PUUMALA, AND TULA HANTAVIRUSES IN SLOVAKIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The prevalence of antibody to hantaviruses in Slovakia (serum panel n 5 2,133) was lower in the western part (0.54%) and higher in the eastern part (1.91%) of the country and was found to be significantly enhanced in a group of forest workers from eastern Slovakia (5.88%). One-third of the IgM-negative convalescent phase sera from patients with hemorrhagic fever with

CLAUS SIBOLD; HELGA MEISEL; KE LUNDKVIST; ANGELA SCHULZ; FELIX CIFIRE; RAINER ULRICH; OTO KOZUCH; MILAN LABUDA; DETLEV H. KRUGER

84

The Customer Relationship Management in Terms of Business Practice in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The aim of the article is to present the results of the research on focus on the customer in relation to the use of customer relationship management in selected business subjects in Slovakia. The main goal of the research is the mapping of current state to ensure the principle of customer orientation and utilizing of CRM in organizations and industrial enterprises in Slovakia. This is the mapping of the current situation of that problem in practical conditions and determines potential opportunities for improvement.

Urdziková, Jana; Jakábová, Martina; Saniuk, Sebastian

2012-12-01

85

Regional scaling based estimation of IDF curves in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rainfall intensity-duration-frequency (IDF) curves are of a great practical importance in water resources management e.g. for the design of hydraulic structures and urban drainage systems, and for the estimation of flash flood risk. However the lack of rainfall data with sufficient temporal resolution (usually caused by limited number of rain gauges with continuous recording and short series of measurements) does not generally allow for constructing maps of extreme short-duration rainfall with the desired spatial resolution. In such cases the simple scaling model, which has proved its applicability in various regions of the world, offers a solution to this problem. Using the scaling hypothesis, it is possible to estimate design values of rainfall of selected recurrence intervals and durations shorter than a day by using only the daily data, which are available from a considerably denser network with long series of measurements. In this study the simple scaling theory was applied in the whole territory of Slovakia for the estimation of the intensity-duration-frequency characteristics of short duration rainfall. For the analysis the data series in one minute time step from 21 rainfall gauging stations were used. To estimate T-year rainfall quantiles of sub-daily duration at ungauged sites, two methodologies are combined: the regional index value approach, and the local concept of simple scaling. The former approach is used to estimate the quantiles of 1-day rainfall maxima in the warm season, supposing that the so called index value can be estimated locally and the dimensionless quantiles (the regional growth curve) can be derived by means of regional frequency analysis. The latter approach is employed to estimate the local IDF curves by downscaling the T-year quantiles of 1-day rainfall maxima using the regionally averaged scaling exponent. The derived IDF curves for these stations are finally compared with those defined by Šamaj and Valovi? (1973), which are widely applied in engineering hydrology in Slovakia.

Kohnova, Silvia; Zechelova, Karolina; Gaal, Ladislav; Szolgay, Jan; Hlavcova, Kamila

2013-04-01

86

Slovenia: A Study of the Educational System of the Republic of Slovenia. Working Paper. PIER World Education Series.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This volume offers a full country study of the structure and content of the educational system of Slovenia, together with a formal set of placement recommendations for admissions officers placing Slovenian students in U.S. higher education institutions. The chapters are: (1) "Introduction"; (2) "Overview" (of the Slovenian system); (3) "Preschool…

Dickey, Karlene N.

87

New and noteworthy bryophyte records from Montenegro and Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Erzberger, P. & Papp, B.: New and noteworthy bryophyte records from Montenegro and Serbia. - Willdenowia 37: 339-351. - ISSN 0511-9618; Š 2007 BGBM Berlin-Dahlem. doi:10.3372\\/wi.37.37124 (available via http:\\/\\/dx.doi.org\\/) During investigations into four regions of Montenegro (Rumija Mts, Lovcen Mts, the coastal area around Kotor, Durmitor National Park) and one of Serbia (Stara Planina Mts) carried out in 2003-2005, 28

PETER ERZBERGER; BEATA PAPP

2007-01-01

88

Spatio-temporal patterns of precipitation in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The monthly precipitation data from 29 synoptic stations for the period 1946-2012 were analyzed using a number of different multivariate statistical analysis methods to investigate the spatial variability and temporal patterns of precipitation across Serbia. R-mode principal component analysis was used to study the spatial variability of the precipitation. Three distinct sub-regions were identified by applying the agglomerative hierarchical cluster analysis to the two component scores: C1 includes the north and the northeast part of Serbia, while C2 includes the western part of Central Serbia and southwestern part of Serbia and C3 includes central, east, south and southeast part of Serbia. The analysis of the identified sub-regions indicated that the monthly and seasonal precipitation in sub-region C2 had the values above average, while C1 and C3 had the precipitation values under average. The analysis of the linear trend of the mean annual precipitation showed an increasing trend for the stations located in Serbia and three sub-regions. From the result of this analysis, one can plan land use, water resources and agricultural production in the region.

Gocic, Milan; Trajkovic, Slavisa

2013-09-01

89

First laboratory confirmation of Xylophilus ampelinus in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bacterial blight of grapevine is caused by a slow-growing bacterium Xylophilus ampelinus . It has been suspected to occur in Slovenia on the basis of visual observation of characteristic symptoms in the 1960s. In the present study, symptoms were recorded in an infected vineyard during three consecutive years (2002\\/2004). Samples from this vineyard were tested by nested-PCR and isolation of

T. Dreo; G. Seljak; J. D. Janse; I. van der Beld; L. Tjou-Tam-Sin; P. Gorkink-Smits; M. Ravnikar

2005-01-01

90

Vulnerability Assessment, Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Measures in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In relation to the priority tasks of the climate change measures, the Republic of Slovenia estimates that special attention needs to be devoted to the following sectors in general: - sectors that currently indicate a strong vulnerability for the current climate variability (for instance, agriculture), - sectors where the vulnerability for climate change is increased by current trends (for instance, urban development, use of space), - sectors where the adaptation time is the longest and the subsequent development changes are connected with the highest costs (for instance, use of space, infrastructural objects, forestry, urban development, building stock). Considering the views of Slovenia to the climate change problem in Europe and Slovenia, priority measures and emphasis on future adaptation to climate change, the Republic of Slovenia has especially exposed the following action areas: - sustainable and integrated management of water sources for water power production, prevention of floods, provision of water for the enrichment of low flow rates, and preservation of environmental function as well as provision of water for other needs; - sustainable management of forest ecosystems, adjusted to changes, for the provision of their environmental function as well as being a source of biomass, wood for products for the conservation of carbon, and carbon sinks; - spatial planning as one of the important preventive instruments for the adaptation to climate change through the processes of integral planning of spatial and urban development; - sustainable use and preservation of natural wealth and the preservation of biodiversity as well as ecosystem services with measures and policies that enable an enhanced resistance of ecosystems to climate change, and the role of biological diversity in integral adaptation measures; - informing and awareness on the consequences of climate change and adaptation possibilities. For years, the most endangered sectors have been agriculture and forestry; therefore, they are also the only sectors for which a national adaptation strategy was adopted.

Cegnar, T.

2010-09-01

91

Renewable Energy Sources in Slovenia: Facts and Plans  

Microsoft Academic Search

As amember of the EuropeanUnion, Slovenia follows a European energy policy and its objectives of a sustainable, competitive\\u000a and secure supply of energy. Renewable energy sources (RES) have an important role in the global fight against climate change\\u000a and are at the same time an important factor for a long-term security of energy supply.With about 11% RES share in the

Urška Lavren?i? Štangar; Evald Kranj?evi?

92

Quality assurance of environmental gamma radiation monitoring in Slovenia.  

PubMed

Environmental gamma radiation monitoring established in Slovenia consists of a network of multifunctional gamma monitors (MFMs) based on pairs of Geiger-Müller counters and a network of measuring sites with high-sensitive thermoluminiscence dosemeters. The measuring points are evenly spread across Slovenia, located at the meteorological stations and more densely on additional locations around the Krsko NPP. The MFM network has a 2-fold function with one sensor used for the purpose of early warning system in near surroundings of the NPP and the other, more sensitive, for natural radiation monitoring. The paper summarises activities to establish quality assurance of the environmental gamma radiation measurements in Slovenia, with a critical view of the results in comparison with the international standards and recommendations. While the results of linearity and energy dependence tests were satisfying, on-field intercomparison showed that the inherent signal of one of the monitors (MFM) has to be taken into account in the range of environmental background radiation. PMID:16410289

Stuhec, M; Zorko, B; Miti?, D; Miljani?, S; Ranogajec-Komor, M

2006-01-12

93

Metals in the surface sediments of selected water reservoirs, Slovakia.  

PubMed

Ruzin and Velke Kozmalovce water reservoirs (Slovakia) receive potentially toxic elements through rivers draining catchment areas polluted with the former extensive mining of ore-bearing deposits. In this study, the concentrations and fractionation of metals (antimony, arsenic, cadmium, chromium, cobalt, copper, lead, mercury, molybdenum, nickel, vanadium and zinc) have been studied in the surface sediments of the two water reservoirs. Comparison of metal concentrations found in the sediments with the mean shale values revealed a significant anthropogenic enrichment mostly with antimony (22.7), copper (8.5), zinc (5.5), cadmium (4.7), mercury (4.7), arsenic (4.5) and lead (3.9), and antimony (9.8), cadmium (8.8), zinc (4.9), lead (3.3) and arsenic (3.1) in the Ruzin and Velke Kozmalovce reservoirs, respectively. The results of fractionation study showed that the major proportion of cadmium (44.9-52.6%), cobalt (35.7-58.3%) and zinc (27.8-48.7%) was found in labile fractions, i.e., water- and acid-soluble fractions, although copper and nickel exhibited also significant labile fractions. When the risk assessment code was applied to the fractionation study, cadmium and cobalt came under high and very high risk category for the environment, and therefore might cause adverse effect to aquatic life. PMID:20411242

Hiller, Edgar; Jurkovic, Lubomír; Sutriepka, Michal

2010-04-22

94

Climate changes implicated for Dirofilaria dissemination in Slovakia.  

PubMed

Dirofilariosis is a parasitic disease caused by helminths of the genus Dirofilaria. Climatic changes are considered to be main risk factors for dirofilariosis spreading. In the Slovak Republic, canine subcutaneous dirofilariosis was recorded for the first time in 2005. In 2007 the first coordinated research project started to detect possible endemic infections and to determine their magnitude. A total of 984 dogs were examined for the presence of microfilariae within 2007-2008. Modified Knott test and PCR were used for microfilariae detection and for Dirofilaria species identification. Dirofilariosis was diagnosed in 196 dogs which represents an overall prevalence of 19.9%. The majority of infected dogs came from southern regions of Slovakia. In the regions of Trnava and Nitra 45.2% and 31.4% of the dogs surveyed were infected, respectively. The highest prevalence of dirofilariosis was detected in shepherd and watch dogs (45.7%), and hunting dogs (40.5%). In the group of police dogs, 20.5% animals were infected. Dirofilaria repens was detected in all infected dogs. In seven animals co-infection with Dirofilaria immitis was present. PMID:20209820

Miterpákovzá, Martina; Hurníková, Zuzana; Antolová, Daniela; Dubinsk?, Pavol

2009-01-01

95

Contamination by moulds of grape berries in Slovakia.  

PubMed

This paper describes the first map, albeit partial, of toxigenic fungi re-isolated from grape berries collected in three out of the six most important Slovakia winemaking areas in two different periods of the harvest year 2008. Low temperatures and high relative humidity during July 2008 favoured the development of grape fungal diseases that cause rots such as Plasmopara, Uncinula, Botrytis, Metasphaeria, Elsinoë, and Saccharomycetes. In the analysed samples, the following genera of toxigenic fungi were identified in the range of 1-4%: Aspergillus, Alternaria, Cladosporium, Epicoccum, Fusarium, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Ulocladium, and Trichoderma Trichothecium, while the genera Aspergillus, Alternaria, Fusarium, and Penicillium were in the range 11-29%. A. niger, A. carbonarius, some strains of A. carbonarius-with 'crystals' and strains of A. uvarum-uniseriate were identified; these species are considered ochratoxigenic (able to produce variable amounts of toxins). In addition, a non-ochratoxigenic strain of A. ibericus and a Fusarium strain able to biosynthesize small amount of fumonisins, beauvericin, and enniatins were identified. P. expansum, able to produce citrinin, represents 29.7%, of the Penicillium genus together with P. verrucosum, P. glabrum, P. citrinum, and P. crustosum. An analysis for the identification and quantification of the main toxins: ochratoxin A, fumonisins, beauvericin, enniatins, and fusaproliferin was performed on grape samples; it was consistent with the results of the mycological analysis. Toxigenic fungi should be checked throughout the years and their occurrence compared with all environmental factors to avoid health risks. PMID:20349371

Mikusová, P; Ritieni, A; Santini, A; Juhasová, G; Srobárová, A

2010-05-01

96

Distributions of (137)Cs and (210)Pb in moss collected from Belarus and Slovakia.  

PubMed

In the present work, moss samples collected in Slovakia and Belarus were assayed with respect to gamma-emitting radionuclides. The results for (137)Cs and (210)Pb are discussed. Moss was used for the first time in Belarus, as a biological indicator of radioactive environmental pollution in consequence of the Chernobyl accident in 1986. In Belarus, the maximum activity of (137)Cs was observed in the Gomel region near Mazyr (6830 Bq/kg) and the minimum activity in the Vitebsyevsk Region near Luzhki-Yazno (5 Bq/kg). "Hot spots" were also observed near the towns Borisow and Yuratsishki. The results of measurements of (137)Cs in moss samples collected in 2000, 2006 and 2009 in the same localities of Slovakia are presented and compared with the results of air monitoring of (137)Cs carried out in Slovakia from 1977 until 2010. Measurements of the (210)Pb concentration in moss samples collected over the territory of Slovakia showed, that the median value exceed 2.3 times median value of (210)Pb obtained for Belarus moss. For that reason, the inhalation dose for man from (210)Pb and (137)Cs in Slovakia is more than twice as high as in Belarus, in spite of the initially very high (137)Cs exposure in the latter country. PMID:22326019

Aleksiayenak, Yu V; Frontasyeva, M V; Florek, M; Sykora, I; Holy, K; Masarik, J; Brestakova, L; Jeskovsky, M; Steinnes, E; Faanhof, A; Ramatlhape, K I

2012-02-09

97

Collapsing health care in Serbia and Montenegro.  

PubMed Central

Serbia and Montenegro together form the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. As well as the Serb majority this includes the mixed province of Vojvodina, the mainly Albanian population in Kosovo, and the large Muslim minority in Sandzak. Since the start of war in 1991 the attention and sympathies of the world have focused on Bosnia and Croatia. The United Nations imposed economic sanctions on the federal republic in 1992, although in theory medical supplies and aid are exempt. The economy has now collapsed under the triple burden of war, loss of trade between the republics, and UN sanctions. A major public health catastrophe is unfolding in the federal republic. Images p1135-a p1136-a

Black, M E

1993-01-01

98

Biomass in Serbia - potential of beech forests  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As for the renewable sources for energy production, biomass from forests and wood processing industry comes to the second place. The woody biomass accounts for 1.0 Mtoe, that is equivalent with 1.0 Mtoe of oil. Due to current evaluations, the greatest part of woody biomass would be used for briquettes and pallets production. As the biomass from forests is increasingly becoming the interest of national and international market, a detailed research on overall potential of woody supply from Serbian forests is required. Beech forests account for 29.4 % of forest cover of Serbia. They also have the greatest standing volume (42.4 % of the overall standing volume) and the greatest mean annual increment (32.3 %)(Bankovic,et.al.2009). Herewith, the aim of this poster is to determine the long-term biomass production of these forests.For this purpose a management unit called Lomnicka reka has been chosen. As these beech forests have similar structural development, this location is considered representative for whole Serbia. DBH of all trees were measured with clipper and the accuracy of 0.01 mm, and the heights with a Vertex 3 device (with accuracy of 0.1 m). All measurements were performed on the fields each 500 m2 (square meters). The overall quantity of root biomass was calculated using the allometric equations. The poster shows estimated biomass stocks of beech forests located in Rasina area. Dates are evaluated using non-linear regression (Wutzler,T.et.al.2008). Biomass potential of Serbian beech forests will enable the evaluation of long-term potential of energy generation from woody biomass in agreement with principles of sustainable forest management. The biomass from such beech forests can represent an important substitution for energy production from fossil fuels (e.g. oil) and herewith decrease the CO2 emissions.

Brasanac-Bosanac, Lj.; Cirkovic-Mitrovic, T.; Popovic, V.; Jokanovic, D.

2012-04-01

99

[Development of forensic psychiatry in Serbia].  

PubMed

The development of legislation in the field of mental health in our region is linked with the emergence and development of the oldest psychiatric hospitals in Serbia.The principle that the mentally ill who committed a criminal offense need to be placed in a psychiatric hospital instead of a prison was introduced at the same time as in the most developed European countries. The founders of the Serbian forensic psychiatry, Dr. Jovan Dani?, Dr.Vojislav Suboti? Jr. and Dr. Dusan Suboti?, were all trained at the first Serbian Psychiatric Hospital ("Home for the Unsound of Mind") that was founded in 1861 in the part of Belgrade called Guberevac. Their successors were psychiatric enthusiasts Prof. Dr.Vladimir F.Vuji? and Prof. Dr. Laza Stanojevi?. A formal establishment of the School of Medicine of Belgrade, with acquirement of new experience and positive shifts within this field, based on the general act of the University in 1932, led to the formation of the Council of the School of Medicine, which, as a collective body passed expert opinions. Thus, the first Forensic Medicine Committee of the School of Medicine was formed and started its activities in 1931 when Forensic Medicine Committee Regulations were accepted. After the World War II prominent educators in the field of mental health, and who particularly contributed to further development of forensic psychiatry in Serbia were Prof. Dr. Uros Jeki?, Prof Dr. Dusan Jevti?, Dr. Stevan Jovanovi?, Prof. Dr. Borislav Kapamadzija, Prof. Dr. Maksim Sterni?, Prof. Dr. Josif Vesel and Prof. Dr. Dimitrije Milovanovi?. PMID:23858819

Milovanovi?, Srdjan; Jovanovi?, Aleksandar; Jasovi?-Gasi?, Miroslava; Ilankovi?, Nikola; Dunji?, Dusan; Laki?, Aneta; Djuki?-Dejanovi?, Slavica; Nenadovi?, Milutin; Randjelovi?, Dragisa; Milovanovi?, Dimitrije

100

71 FR 42706 - Bureau of Educational and Cultural Affairs (ECA) Request for Grant Proposals: Serbia Youth...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Request for Grant Proposals: Serbia Youth Leadership Program Announcement Type: New Grant...open competition for the Serbia Youth Leadership Program. Public and private non-profit...projects focused on civic education and leadership. [[Page 42707

2006-07-27

101

Rail-lex Slovenia--A Modern Railway Dictionary (Joint Venture Case Study).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rail-lex Slovenia is a project to develop a dictionary of railway terminology in the Slovenian language, part of a larger undertaking of the International Union of Railways to develop a modern, multilingual communication infrastructure. Participating organizations represent 22 European languages. Two partners in the Rail-lex Slovenia venture are…

Jakopin, Primoz

102

Impact of Nursing Education in Slovenia on Nurses' Publishing in Their Professional Journal  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper discusses influences of developments in nursing education in Slovenia on the structure and contents of publications in the Journal of the Slovenian Nursing Association (JSNA). Undergraduate nursing education in Slovenia changed from Associate Degree to Diploma level, while the B.S.N. type programme was of brief duration. Bibliometric data was gathered on all the scientific and technical papers published

Ema Dornik; Gaj Vidmar

103

Lifelong Learning and the Professional Development of Geography Teachers: A View from Slovenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Lifelong learning and continuing professional development (CPD) are considered important activities for geography teachers. However, research in Slovenia shows that many lose their enthusiasm for these activities when they leave university and enter professional practice. In Slovenia, whilst geography teachers have a sound undergraduate…

Kolenc Kolnik, Karmen

2010-01-01

104

Rail-lex Slovenia--A Modern Railway Dictionary (Joint Venture Case Study).  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Rail-lex Slovenia is a project to develop a dictionary of railway terminology in the Slovenian language, part of a larger undertaking of the International Union of Railways to develop a modern, multilingual communication infrastructure. Participating organizations represent 22 European languages. Two partners in the Rail-lex Slovenia venture are…

Jakopin, Primoz

105

Lifelong Learning and the Professional Development of Geography Teachers: A View from Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lifelong learning and continuing professional development (CPD) are considered important activities for geography teachers. However, research in Slovenia shows that many lose their enthusiasm for these activities when they leave university and enter professional practice. In Slovenia, whilst geography teachers have a sound undergraduate education, few partake in postgraduate study and, in the last decade, there has been a decrease

Karmen Kolenc Kolnik

2010-01-01

106

Trade Liberalization in Latin America and Eastern Europe: The Cases of Ecuador and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the potential eects of two ongoing trade liberalization experi- ences: Ecuador signing a Free Trade Agreement with the United States and Slovenia joining the European Union as a full member. We construct a static Applied General Equilibrium Model and perform a numerical experiment that consists on eliminating all import taris that Ecuador and Slovenia impose on the

Julian P. D ´ iaz

107

Trade Liberalization in Latin America and Eastern Europe: The Cases of Ecuador and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper analyzes the potential effects of two ongoing trade liberalization experiences: Ecuador signing a Free Trade Agreement with the United States and Slovenia joining the European Union as a full member. We construct a static Applied General Equilibrium Model and perform a numerical experiment that consists on eliminating all import tariffs that Ecuador and Slovenia impose on the United

Sang-Wook Stanley Cho; Julian P. Diaz

2007-01-01

108

The impact of agriculture on ground water quality in Slovenia: standards and strategy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ground water and water from springs are sources used for water supply in Slovenia. The quality of these waters has been monitored since 1987. Among 12 main ground water aquifers in Slovenia the amount of nitrate exceeds the allowable level (50mg\\/l) for drinking water in areas with more intensive agricultural production with higher concentrations of animals (two livestock unit –

Brane Maticic

1999-01-01

109

Atmospheric /sup 222/Rn in tourist caves of Slovenia, Yugoslavia  

SciTech Connect

Radon-222 concentrations in the air of 12 tourist caves in Slovenia, Yugoslavia were measured. In almost all the caves concentrations are higher than in the outdoor air, with the highest concentration in the Tabor Cave at about 6000 Bq m-3. From the /sup 222/Rn concentrations obtained, the activity of /sup 222/Rn inhaled by a visitor breathing cave air was calculated, and the bronchial dose was estimated. The inhaled activity and the bronchial dose were highest in the Tabor Cave with values of 10 kBq and 540 microSv, respectively.

Kobal, I.; Smodis, B.; Burger, J.; Skofljanec, M.

1987-04-01

110

The pattern of agricultural trade between Hungary and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract This,paper ,investigates ,the ,patterns ,of agri-food ,trade ,between Hungary,and ,Slovenia ,employing ,a highly ,disaggregated ,OECD dataset,by the ,years ,1993-2002. We also ,focus ,on types ,of trade ,that have,been,dominant,in bilateral,trade,flows,over,the analyzed,period. Hungary,experienced,surplus,in agri-food,trade by individual,product groups,in almost ,all individual ,years. The degree ,of intra-industry trade,(IIT) is relatively,low,and,relatively lower,proportions,of IIT are inhorizontally,and ,relatively ,greater ,proportions ,are ,in vertically differentiated agri-food products.

Štefan Bojnec; Imre Fert?

111

Recombination in Tula Hantavirus Evolution: Analysis of Genetic Lineages from Slovakia  

PubMed Central

To examine the evolution of Tula hantavirus (TUL), carried by the European common vole (Microtus arvalis and M. rossiaemeridionalis), we have analyzed genetic variants from Slovakia, the country where the virus is endemic. Phylogenetic analysis (PHYLIP) based on either partial (nucleotides [nt] 441 to 898) or complete N-protein-encoding sequences divided Slovakian TUL variants into two main lineages: (i) strains from eastern Slovakia, which clustered with Russian strains, and (ii) strains from western Slovakia situated closer to those from the Czech Republic. We found genetic diversity of 19% between the two groups and 4% within the western Slovakian TUL strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the 3? noncoding region (3?-NCR), however, placed the eastern Slovakian strains closer to those from western Slovakia and the Czech Republic, with a greater distance to the Russian strains, suggesting a recombinant nature of the S segment in the eastern Slovakian TUL lineage. A bootscan search of the S-segment sequences of TUL strains revealed at least two recombination points in the S sequences of eastern Slovakian TUL strains (nt 400 to 415 and around 1200) which agreed well with the pattern of amino acid substitutions in the N protein and deletions/insertions in the 3?-NCR of the S segment. These data suggest that homologous recombination events occurred in the evolution of hantaviruses.

Sibold, Claus; Meisel, Helga; Kruger, Detlev H.; Labuda, Milan; Lysy, Jan; Kozuch, Oto; Pejcoch, Milan; Vaheri, Antti; Plyusnin, Alexander

1999-01-01

112

Spatially distributed assessment of solar resources for energy applications in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spatial and temporal distribution of available solar energy depends on several factors. Besides latitude and astronomical factors it is strongly influenced by climate factors (e.g. cloudiness, turbidity) and topography. This paper presents a solar database of Slovakia containing spatially-distributed solar energy resource data necessary for planning, sitting and forecasting of solar device installations. The database consists of several data sets

Jaroslav HOFIERKA

2008-01-01

113

European Gender Lessons: Girls and Boys at Scout Camps in Denmark, Portugal, Russia and Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article investigates the tensions between and within models of gender equality and gender complementarity by studying children who are in the midst of learning to apply these gender models in practice. Children (aged 11-15 years) were observed and interviewed while they participated in scout camps in Denmark, Portugal, Slovakia and Russia.…

Nielsen, Harriet Bjerrum

2004-01-01

114

THE TAX POLICY AND ITS IMPACT ON LABOUR MARKET IN SLOVAKIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global financial crisis has manifest unfavorably also in Slovakia namely in economic growth decline and in the increase unemployment. The labor market is depressed by excess labor supply over labor demand. Under the impression of global crisis the Slovak republic, as well as the other states, takes in arrangements for reduction its impacts on economy and on entrepreneurs and

Ing. Denisa Kitová

2009-01-01

115

Assessment of the aquatic habitat quality of the mountain streams in Eastern Slovakia by bioindication  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008 was implemented topographical and ichtyological research on the chosen streams on the east of Slovakia. For hydraulic modeling was used RHABSIM model which is component of the IFIM (Instream Flow Incremental Methodology). IFIM is an interdisciplinary decision-making system, which has arisen as a result of the knowledge that most fish species prefer certain combinations of water depths, flow

Monika Jalcovikova; Marcela Skrovinova; Ivan Stankoci; Zbynek Bajtek

2010-01-01

116

Territorial inequality, regional productivity, and industrial change in postcommunism: regional transformations in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper the author examines the development and causes of territorial inequalities in the postcommunist economies of East - Central Europe (ECE), with a specific focus on the Slovak Republic (Slovakia). He begins by examining the extent of regional economic differentiation in ECE, within the context of the European Union (EU) enlargement process, and argues that an EU of

Adrian Smith

2003-01-01

117

Alternative Civil Enculturation: Political Disenchantment and Civic Attitudes in Minority Schools in Estonia, Latvia, and Slovakia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The article investigates the ways in which minority schools in Latvia, Estonia, and Slovakia resist the dominant narratives of nation and citizenship and provide an alternative model of civil enculturation for students. It provides evidence to support the hypothesis that differences between competing narratives of statehood and nationhood among…

Golubeva, Maria; Austers, Ivars

2011-01-01

118

Simulation of hydrological response to the future climate in mountainous basins in Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The potential impact of climate changes on river runoff and water balance in mountainous basins in Slovakia was evaluated using a conceptual spatially-lumped water balance model and a regional climate model (RCM). Selected mountainous basins are significantly affected by local climate conditions and the need for high resolution climate studies is particularly important here. Within the framework of the Sixth

Roman Výleta; Zuzana Macurová; Kamila Hlavcová; Peter Ĺ. Úrek; Silvia Kohnová

2010-01-01

119

Microscopic fungi isolated from the Domica Cave system (Slovak Karst National Park, Slovakia). A review  

Microsoft Academic Search

A broad spectrum, total of 195 microfungal taxa, were isolated from various cave substrates (cave air, cave sediments, bat droppings and\\/or guano, earthworm casts, isopods and diplopods faeces, mammalian dung, cadavers, vermiculations, insect bodies, plant material, etc.) from the cave system of the Domica Cave (Slovak Karst National Park, Slovakia) using dilution, direct and gravity settling culture plate methods and

Alena Nováková

2012-01-01

120

Diversity of cyanobacteria and algae of urban gravel pit lakes in Bratislava, Slovakia: a survey  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents data on the diversity of cyanobacteria and algae of nine gravel pit lakes situated within the city boundaries of Bratislava, W Slovakia. During more than 30 years of investigations 187 genera and 591 infrageneric taxa were determined, of which 40 genera and 58 species belong to Cyanobacteria, and 147 genera, 492 species, 2 subspecies, 35 varieties and

Frantichecksek Hindák; Alica Hindáková

2003-01-01

121

Saccharomyces bayanus var. uvarum in Tokaj wine-making of Slovakia and Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using genetic hybridisation analysis and molecular karyotyping we revealed an association of Saccharomyces bayanus var. uvarum species with Tokaj wine-making. Along with identification of Saccharomyces strains isolated by E. Minárik in Slovakia, the composition of Tokaj populations in Hungary was studied. Twenty-eight Hungarian Saccharomyces strains were analysed in terms of karyotype. The majority of strains belong to S. bayanus var.

G. I. Naumov; E. S. Naumova; Z. Antunovics; M. Sipiczki

2002-01-01

122

Miocene deformation of the central Vienna Basin (Austria-Slovakia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The project KARPATIAN TECTONICS SLOVAKIA aims at the creation of a comprehensive geologic model of the structural evolution of the Vienna Basin area before the onset of major subsidence related to pull-apart deformation, i.e., during the Lower Miocene. Seismic data acquired by OMV from the central Vienna Basin and from the region east fo the Drösing depression, as well as outcrop data provide the basis for structural geologic interpretation of the entire central Vienna Basin. In this study, we focus on the complex structural evolution that can be mapped from these seismic datasets complementing the deformation geometry and history of the region east of the Spannberg ridge. The structural inventory found in the central Vienna Basin consist of (i) ENE and WSW dipping normal faults, (ii) SE- to ESE-dipping thrust faults, (iii) NW - SE-striking sinistral strike-slip faults (Hölzel et al., in press). These structural features can be found above the nappes of the Austroalpine Calcareous Alps, the nappes of the Tirolic and Bajuvaric superunits. In this study, we can complement the structures from East to West as follows: (1) The continution of the Lassee negative flower structure reaches up along the Lab fault system to the Laksary elevation. Here, it widens and branches off into at least two major branches engulfing the Laksary elevation. (2) N - S striking strike-slip faults penetrating the accoustic basement as well as Karpatian strata possibly form a continuing system that branches off of the Zwerndorf transform fault system. (3) In the center of the Gajary depression, normal faults offset the accoustic basement above sediments of the Upper Cretaceous Gosau Group. These features can be dated by Karpatian growth strata. However, the normal faults were not always active at the same time as indicated by the geometry of the sedimentary strata bounded by the normal faults. (4) At the western boundary of the Gajary depression, smaller scale normal faults deform the Aderklaa Conglomerate (Top Karpatian). (5) NW - SE trending grabens in the basement and Karpatian strata occur in the center and SE corner of the Gajary depression. (6) The entire Karpatian sedimentary stack including the Top Karpatian is tilted towards the West forming the central part of the Levare depression to the North of the Gajary depression. Hölzel, M., Decker, K., Zámolyi, A., Strauss, P., Wagreich, M. (in press): Lower Miocene structural evolution of the central Vienna Basin (Austria). Marine and Petroleum Geology

Zámolyi, András.; Lee, Eun Young; Beidinger, Andreas; Hoprich, Maria; Strauss, Philipp; Decker, Kurt

2010-05-01

123

Epiphytic lichen mycota of the virgin forest reserve Rajhenavski Rog (Slovenia)  

PubMed Central

A list of 128 taxa (127 species) of lichens, 6 species of lichenicolous fungi and 2 non-lichenized fungi traditionally included in lichenological literature from the virgin forest Rajhenavski Rog and its surroundings in the southeastern part of Slovenia is presented. The lichen Gyalecta derivata, the lichenicolous fungus Homostegia piggotii, and the non-lichenized fungus Mycomicrothelia pachnea are new to Slovenia. The lichenized fungi Chaenotheca trichialis, C. xyloxena, Lecanactis abietina, Lecanora thysanophora, Pertusaria ophthalmiza, the lichenicolous fungi Monodictys epilepraria, Tremella hypogymniae, Taeniolella friesii, and the non-lichenized fungus Chaenothecopsis pusilla are new to the Dinaric phytogeographical region of Slovenia.

Bilovitz, Peter O.; Batic, Franc; Mayrhofer, Helmut

2012-01-01

124

A sustainability analysis of an incineration project in Serbia.  

PubMed

The only option for municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment adopted so far in Serbia is landfilling. Similarly to other south-eastern European countries, Serbia is not recovering any energy from MSW. Fifty percent of electricity in Serbia is produced in coal-fired power plants with emission control systems dating from the 1980s. In this article, the option of MSW incineration with energy recovery is proposed and examined for the city of Novi Sad. A sustainability analysis consisting of financial, economic and sensitivity analyses was done in the form of a cost-benefit analysis following recommendations from the European Commission. Positive and negative social and environmental effects of electricity generation through incineration were valuated partly using conversion factors and shadow prices, and partly using the results of previous studies. Public aversion to MSW incineration was considered. The results showed that the incineration project would require external financial assistance, and that an increase of the electricity and/or a waste treatment fee is needed to make the project financially positive. It is also more expensive than the landfilling option. However, the economic analysis showed that society would have net benefits from an incineration project. The feed-in tariff addition of only €0.03 (KWh)(-1) to the existing electricity price, which would enable the project to make a positive contribution to economic welfare, is lower than the actual external costs of electricity generation from coal in Serbia. PMID:23690538

Mikic, Miljan; Naunovic, Zorana

2013-05-19

125

Heavy metals, organics and radioactivity in soil of western Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Western Serbia is a region well-known for potato production. Concentrations of selected metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and radioactivity were measured in the soil in order to evaluate the quality and characteristics. The examined soils (Luvisol and Pseudogley) showed unsuitable agrochemical characteristics (acid reaction, low content of organic matter and potassium). Some samples contained Ni, Mn and Cr above the

Goran Dugalic; Dragana Krstic; Miodrag Jelic; Dragoslav Nikezic; Biljana Milenkovic; Mira Pucarevic; Tijana Zeremski-Skoric

2010-01-01

126

Molecular typing of the local HIV-1 epidemic in Serbia.  

PubMed

Worldwide HIV-1 pandemic is becoming increasingly complex, with growing heterogeneity of subtypes and recombinant viruses. Previous studies have documented HIV-1 subtype B as the predominant one in Serbia, with limited presence and genetic diversity of non B subtypes. In recent years, MSM transmission has become the most frequently reported risk for HIV infection among newly diagnosed patients in Serbia, but very little is known of the network structure and dynamics of viral transmission in this and other risk groups. To gain insight about the HIV-1 subtypes distribution pattern as well as characteristics of HIV-1 transmission clusters in Serbia, we analyzed the genetic diversity of the pol gene segment in 221 HIV-1-infected patients sampled during 2002-2011. Subtype B was found to still be the most prevalent one in Serbia, accounting for over 90% of samples, while greater diversity of other subtypes was found than previously reported, including subtypes G, C, A, F, CRF01 and CRF02. In total, 41.3% of analyzed subtype B sequences were found associated in transmission clusters/network, that are highly related with MSM transmission route. PMID:23797143

Siljic, Marina; Salemovic, Dubravka; Jevtovic, Djordje; Pesic-Pavlovic, Ivana; Zerjav, Sonja; Nikolic, Valentina; Ranin, Jovan; Stanojevic, Maja

2013-06-21

127

The Geographic Information System (GIS) in Secondary Education in Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigates the application of new educational technologies in geography classes. The research involved 126 students from vocational secondary schools in Serbia taking geography as a compulsory subject. We developed and applied a questionnaire for this research. The results indicate that out of several ICTs available, the majority of…

Komlenovic, Djurdjica; Manic, Emilija; Malinic, Dusica

2013-01-01

128

The Geographic Information System (GIS) in Secondary Education in Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigates the application of new educational technologies in geography classes. The research involved 126 students from vocational secondary schools in Serbia taking geography as a compulsory subject. We developed and applied a questionnaire for this research. The results indicate that out of several ICTs available, the majority of…

Komlenovic, Djurdjica; Manic, Emilija; Malinic, Dusica

2013-01-01

129

Irrigation Development in Serbia Under Water Framework Directive  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adoption of Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a turning point in development of European water resources. For the first time in the history of Europe, a unified and uniform strategy for the environment protection and water resources management was created. The goal of this paper is to point at some new events in the irrigation development in Serbia resulting from

Slavisa Trajkovic; Srdjan Kolakovic

130

Doing Business in Slovenia: Country Commercial Guide for U.S. Companies.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The document serves as a guide to doing business in Slovenia. It contains key economic indicators for the country. In addition, it outlines trade regulations, the general tax system, market research, foreign investment, and tips for the business traveler.

2005-01-01

131

Chromosome numbers within the Achillea millefolium and the A. distans Groups in the Czech Republic and Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

TheAchillea millefolium group is represented in the Czech Republic and Slovakia by six species.Achillea setacea andA. asplenifolia are diploid;A. collina andA. pratensis are tetraploid;A. millefolium is hexaploid; andA. pannonica is octoploid. The populations from Slovakia of theA. distans group, distributed mainly in Central and south-eastern Europe, were all hexaploid. The presence of these taxa in the area\\u000a studied was documented

Ji?í Danihelka; Olga Rotreklová

2001-01-01

132

Late somatic sequelae after treatment of childhood cancer in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Background This is a long-term follow-up clinical study of adolescents and adults, survivors of childhood cancer. We evaluate and analyze the late somatic sequelae of childhood cancer treatment. Many such studies are susceptible to a strong selection bias, i.e., they employ a limited non-systematic sample of patients, based on a clinical hospital that provided the cancer treatment or performed the follow-up. To address the issue of selection bias, we perform here an analysis of late sequelae on a systematic database of the entire population of the children treated for cancer in Slovenia. Due to the specifics of cancer treatment procedures in Slovenia, they have all been treated and followed-up in the same clinic. Methods The data are based on the centralized registry of cancer patients in Slovenia and present a controlled and homogeneous collection. Late sequelae are evaluated following a modified CTCAE, i.e., the National Cancer Institute’s Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events version 3.0. We use survival analysis method to estimate the incidence of and risk for late sequelae, where the time variable is measured in years from the diagnosis date, while we follow the event of incidence of late sequelae scored other than none. Survival analysis is performed using KaplanMeier estimator and Cox regression model. Results The incidence of mild, moderate, or severe late sequelae of childhood cancer treatment significantly decreased from 75% in the group of patients diagnosed before 1975 to 55% for those diagnosed after 1995. The Cox regression analysis of the risk factors for the incidence of late sequelae identifies three significant factors: treatment modalities, age at diagnosis, and primary diagnosis. Conclusions The change of treatment modalities in terms of replacement of surgery and radiotherapy with chemotherapy is the main reason for the decrease of the incidence and the risk for late sequelae of childhood cancer treatment; treatment modalities including surgery significantly increase the risk ratio of late sequelae, while those based on chemotherapy only significantly decreases the risk. Risk of late sequelae increases with the diagnosis age: younger children are more susceptible to late effects of treatment. Finally, primary diagnosis significantly influences the risk for late sequelae, but mostly due to the dependency of the treatment modality on the primary diagnosis.

2012-01-01

133

Why do general practitioners not screen and intervene regarding alcohol consumption in Slovenia? A focus group study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  AIM: To identify barriers influencing general practitioners' decisions regarding alcohol screening and brief intervention\\u000a (SBI) in Slovenia. Background: Slovenia occupies third place in a league of 51 European countries with respect to alcohol\\u000a consumption. General practitioners in Slovenia have the majority of contacts with patients in primary healthcare but they\\u000a rarely or never ask patients about their drinking habits. METHOD:

Tonka Poplas Susi?; Janko Kersnik; Marko Kolšek

2010-01-01

134

PIXE-PIGE analysis of Carolingian period glass from Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Glass artifacts excavated from the Late Roman and Carolingian period site at Bašelj Slovenia were analyzed by the combined PIXE-PIGE method using a proton beam in air. The results show that the majority of objects and glass ingots were made of traditional Roman, natron-type glass. Increased titanium and other impurities were found indicating that the glass had been recycled several times. As the composition of the ingots was similar to the other objects, a possibility exists of a secondary glass workshop in the local vicinity. The typologically and stratigraphically dated objects confirm that the Roman glassmaking continued in the area of Eastern Alps well into the 9th century.

Šmit, Ž.; Jezeršek, D.; Knific, T.; Isteni?, J.

2009-01-01

135

Evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in game animals from Slovenia.  

PubMed

Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-borne rickettsial pathogen responsible for granulocytic anaplasmosis in mammalian hosts including humans. Wild animals may play an important role in the epidemiology of this disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of infection with A. phagocytophilum among wildlife in Slovenia. Serum samples (n = 376) from the most important game species [red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) and brown bear (Ursus arctos)] were examined by A. phagocytophilum-specific indirect fluorescent-antibody assay (IFA) and wild boar spleen samples (n = 160) were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A. phagocytophilum-specific antibodies were found in 72% of sera and A. phagocytophilum DNA was present in 6.2% of spleens. The data indicate that A. phagocytophilum is present and widespread in Slovenian game animals and that game species are involved in the natural life cycle of A. phagocytophilum. PMID:23160026

Zele, Diana; Avberšek, Jana; Gruntar, Igor; Ocepek, Matjaž; Vengušt, Gorazd

2012-12-01

136

Renal replacement therapy in Slovenia: excerpts from 2011 data.  

PubMed

This report provides a summary of the 2011 Slovenian renal replacement therapy (RRT) data. Data were obtained from 24 renal centers: 23 dialysis and one transplant center, referred as of 31 December 2011, with 100% response rate to individual patient questionnaires. Slovenia has a population of approximately 2 million (2?052?496 in 2011). The total number of patients treated by RRT was 2011,that is, 980 per million of population (pmp); 0.4% decrease compared to 2010. 1347 (67.0%) were treated by hemodialysis, 60 (3.0%) by peritoneal dialysis, and 604 (30.0%) had a functioning kidney graft. A total of 236 incident patients, 115 pmp (at day one), started RRT, their median age was 68 years, 64.8% were men, 36.4% were diabetics. Regarding hemodialysis patients, 59.3% were treated with on-line hemodiafiltration, 86% with ultrapure dialysis fluid. Median weekly duration of hemodialysis was 12.5?h, median dry body weight 70?kg, mean blood flow 275?ą?46?mL/min, 7.1% were dialyzed in a single-needle mode. Vascular accesses were native arteriovenous fistula in 79%, polytetrafluoroethylene graft in 6%, and catheter in 15%. The crude death rate was 15.9% in dialysis patients, 1.9% in transplant recipients, and 12.0% in all RRT patients (both dialysis and transplant, incident patients at day 1 included). Slovenia has been a member of Eurotransplant since 2000. Forty-six kidney transplantations were performed in 2011, all from deceased donors. A slight decrease in prevalent number of RRT patients was observed in 2011, for the first time in 40 years. The number and proportion of patients with functioning kidney grafts is increasing, reaching 30% in 2011. PMID:23931871

Buturovi?-Ponikvar, Jadranka; Gubenšek, Jakob; Arnol, Miha; Adamlje, Tone; Blanuša, Danica; Ceglar, Zlata; Steklasa, Sonja Cimerman; ?erne, Senka; ?ufer, Andrej; Drozg, Andrej; Ekart, Robert; Gu?ek, Andrej; Kandus, Aljoša; Kapun, Sonja; Kralj-Lopert, Simona; Klan?i?, Dimitrij; Kunc-Rešek, Natalija; Kralj, Stojan; Malovrh, Marko; Mo?ivnik, Marjan; Novljan, Gregor; Ponikvar, Rafael; Rus, Igor; Saksida, Silvan; Vujkovac, Bojan

2013-08-01

137

Envitonmental monitoring and radiation protection in Škocjan Caves, Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Škocjan Caves were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1986, due to their exceptional significance for cultural and natural heritage. Park Škocjan Caves is located in South Eastern part of Slovenia. It was established with aim of conserving and protecting exceptional geomorphological, geological and hydrological outstanding features, rare and endangered plant and animal species, paleontological and archaeological sites, ethnological and architectural characteristics and cultural landscape and for the purpose of ensuring opportunities for suitable development, by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia in 1996. Park Škocjan Caves established monitoring that includes caves microclimate parameters: humidity, CO2, wind flow and radon concentration and daughter products. The approach in managing the working place with natural background radiation is complex. Monitoring of Radon has been functioning for more than ten years now. Presentation will show the dynamic observed in the different parts of the caves, related to radon daughter products and other microclimatic data. Relation of background radiation to carrying capacity will be explained. Implementing the Slovene legislation in the field of radiation protection, we are obligated to perform special measurements in the caves and also having our guides and workers in the caves regularly examined according to established procedure. The medical exams are performed at Institution of Occupational Safety, Ljubljana in order to monitor the influence of Radon to the workers in the cave. The equivalent dose for each employed person is also established on regular basis and it is part of medical survey of workers in the caves. A system of education of the staff working in the caves in the field of radiation protection will be presented as well.

Debevec Gerjevič, V.; Jovanovi?, P.

2012-04-01

138

Deep-seated gravitational slope deformations in neovolcanic mountain ranges of Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  Deep-seated gravitational slope deformations in neovolcanic mountain ranges in Slovakia arise in places where brittle volcanic\\u000a rocks (andesites, basalts and their pyroclastic material) rest on plastic Paleogene or Neogene rocks. Where such a structure\\u000a is associated with tectonic elevations, block rifts, bulging phenomena, block fields, landslides, rockfalls and earthflows\\u000a occur. The deformations are most frequent on the peripheries of the

J. Malgot

1977-01-01

139

Molecular evidence for the presence of Dirofilaria repens in beech marten (Martes foina) from Slovakia.  

PubMed

Herein we present the first finding of Dirofilaria repens, agent of the subcutaneous form of dirofilariosis, in Martes foina. Molecular analyses from the spleen of 3 individuals originated from Tatra National Park, Northern Slovakia, confirmed the presence of D. repens in one of them. Finding of D. repens in beech marten instigates to more intense research on free living carnivores as the potential source of Dirofilaria parasites. PMID:23528246

Miterpáková, M; Hurníková, Z; Zale?ny, G; Chovancová, B

2013-03-14

140

Geochemical Atlas of Slovakia and examples of its applications to environmental problems  

Microsoft Academic Search

Results of comprehensive geochemical mapping and thematic studies of the Slovak territory (rocks, soils, stream sediments,\\u000a groundwaters, biomass, and radioactivity) in the first half of the 1990s led to several new research programmes in Slovakia,\\u000a within the frame of which new methodologies for geochemical data evaluation and map visualization were elaborated. This study\\u000a describes the application and elaboration of data

S. Rapant; D. Bodis; K. Vrana; V. Cve?ková; J. Kordík; K. Krcmová; I. Slaninka

2009-01-01

141

Relating bat species presence to habitat features in natural forests of Slovakia (Central Europe)  

Microsoft Academic Search

For the assessment of the habitat use of bats with consideration of a complexity of environmental features a large-scale multivariate canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) was performed. Data were collected in April–September (1999–2005) using mist-netting and bat-detectors (n=209 samplings) in Slovakia (n=160 sites). For the habitat description, 17 environmental variables that characterised the sampling site, tree-species composition and general character of

P. Ka?uch; Š. Danko; M. Celuch; A. Krištín; P. Pjen?ák; Š. Matis; J. Šmídt

2008-01-01

142

Focal Mechanisms of Microearthquakes in the Dobra Voda Seismoactive Area in the Male Karpaty Mts., Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have analysed 44 microearthquakes with magnitudes between 1.2 and 3.4, which occurred in the Dobra Voda area, Slovakia, in the period 2001-2009. The epicentres of the microearthquakes form a cluster elongated in the ENE-WSW direction. This direction coincides with the orientation of the main fault systems in the area: Dobra Voda and Brezova faults. The depths of the hypocentres

V. Vavrycuk; L. Fojtikova; A. Cipciar; J. Madaras

2009-01-01

143

Focal Mechanisms of Dobra Voda Source Zone in the Male Karpaty Mts., Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dobra Voda area is one of the most seismically active zones in the territory of Slovakia. In the 20th century, the most prominent earthquakes with the epicenters in Dobra Voda occurred in January 9, 1906, in January 16, 1906, and in March 13, 1930 with magnitudes of 5.7, 5.1 and 5.0, respectively. Since 1985, the seismic activity is monitored by

L. Fojtíková; V. Vavrycuk; A. Cipciar; J. Madarás

2009-01-01

144

Caterpillar (Lepidoptera) communities on European Turkey oak ( Quercus cerris ) in Malé Karpaty Mts (SW Slovakia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Between 2000–2002, the structure of communities of lepidopteran larvae was studied in leaf bearing crowns of Quercus cerris in the central and northern part of the Mal Karpaty Mts (SW Slovakia). Caterpillars were collected using the beating method\\u000a in four study plots. In total, 58 species were found. The families Geometridae, Noctuidae and Tortricidae comprised the highest\\u000a number of species

Miroslav Kulfan; Milada Holecová; Jaroslav Faj?ík

2006-01-01

145

Landslide hazard zonation by deterministic analysis (Ve?ká ?ausa landslide area, Slovakia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

A practical application of a simple and economical solution to landslide hazard zonation based on slope stability analysis\\u000a was carried out in the Ve?ká ?ausa landslide, Horná Nitra region, central Slovakia. The region is prone to different types\\u000a of slope deformation controlled by geological structure, physical and mechanical properties of materials, complicated hydrogeological\\u000a setting, undulating morphology, and man-made influence. Taking

Róbert Jelínek; Peter Wagner

2007-01-01

146

Small mammals: paratenic hosts for species of Toxocara in eastern Slovakia.  

PubMed

Toxocara spp., an aetiological agent of a serious helminthozoonosis, is a common roundworm of domestic and wild carnivores worldwide. The study aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of Toxocara in small mammals from different localities in eastern Slovakia. Anti-Toxocara antibodies were detected in 6.4% out of 2140 examined animals trapped in eastern Slovakia. Due to their high density and observed high seroprevalence of toxocariasis, Apodemus agrarius, A. flavicollis, Myodes glareolus and Mus spicilegus (10.9, 4.2, 3.6 and 11.2%, respectively) represent important sources of the infection. A significant correlation between type of food and Toxocara positivity was detected: granivores (7.2%) and invertebratophages (7.1%) were positive more frequently than herbivores (2.1%). In the years monitored, cyclic changes of seroprevalence were observed. A higher prevalence of antibodies in the spring was followed by a decrease in summer. In autumn, seroprevalence started to rise and stayed at a similar level through the winter. Seroprevalence of the examined animals confirms their contact with Toxocara spp. and demonstrates the presence of the aetiological agent in the monitored locality. Areas with a high prevalence of infected animals present constant infectious pressure on definitive hosts, thus also increasing infection risk for humans and paratenic hosts. The study confirmed the contact of small mammals with Toxocara spp. and demonstrated the presence and circulation of an aetiological agent in the localities monitored in eastern Slovakia. PMID:22284742

Antolová, D; Reiterová, K; Stanko, M; Zalesny, G; Fri?ová, J; Dvorož?áková, E

2012-01-30

147

Cancer incidence and mortality in Serbia 1999-2009  

PubMed Central

Background Despite the increase in cancer incidence in the last years in Serbia, no nation-wide, population-based cancer epidemiology data have been reported. In this study cancer incidence and mortality rates for Serbia are presented using nation-wide data from two population-based cancer registries. These rates are additionally compared to European and global cancer epidemiology estimates. Finally, predictions on Serbian cancer incidence and mortality rates are provided. Methods Cancer incidence and mortality was collected from the cancer registries of Central Serbia and Vojvodina from 1999 to 2009. Using age-specific regression models, we estimated time trends and predictions for cancer incidence and mortality for the following five years (2010–2014). The comparison of Serbian with European and global cancer incidence/mortality rates, adjusted to the world population (ASR-W) was performed using Serbian population-based data and estimates from GLOBOCAN 2008. Results Increasing trends in both overall cancer incidence and mortality rates were identified for Serbia. In men, lung cancer showed the highest incidence (ASR-W 2009: 70.8/100,000), followed by colorectal (ASR-W 2009: 39.9/100,000), prostate (ASR-W 2009: 29.1/100,000) and bladder cancer (ASR-W 2009: 16.2/100,000). Breast cancer was the most common form of cancer in women (ASR-W 2009: 70.8/100,000) followed by cervical (ASR-W 2009: 25.5/100,000), colorectal (ASR-W 2009: 21.1/100,000) and lung cancer (ASR-W 2009: 19.4/100,000). Prostate and colorectal cancers have been significantly increasing over the last years in men, while this was also observed for breast cancer incidence and lung cancer mortality in women. In 2008 Serbia had the highest mortality rate from breast cancer (ASR-W 2008: 22.7/100,000), among all European countries while incidence and mortality of cervical, lung and colorectal cancer were well above European estimates. Conclusion Cancer incidence and mortality in Serbia has been generally increasing over the past years. For a number of cancer sites, incidence and mortality is alarmingly higher than in the majority of European regions. For this increasing trend to be controlled, the management of risk factors that are present among the Serbian population is necessary. Additionally, prevention and early diagnosis are areas where significant improvements could still be made.

2013-01-01

148

75 FR 33376 - Determination Related to Serbia Under Section 7072(c) of the Department of State, Foreign...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice: 7045] Determination Related to Serbia Under Section 7072(c) of the Department of State, Foreign...2001, I hereby determine and certify that the Government of Serbia is: (1) Cooperating with the International Criminal...

2010-06-11

149

76 FR 34123 - Determination Related to Serbia Under Section 7072(c) of the Department of State, Foreign...  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...DEPARTMENT OF STATE [Public Notice 7498] Determination Related to Serbia Under Section 7072(c) of the Department of State, Foreign...2001, I hereby determine and certify that the Government of Serbia is: (1) cooperating with the International Criminal...

2011-06-10

150

Human error assessment in electric power company of Serbia.  

PubMed

This paper presents a case study which confirmed that the use of APJ for proper assessment of human error in the Electric Power Company of Serbia (hereinafter EPS). The proposal methodological framework was used for human error identification and quantification in the case of a repair intervention on a steel lattice tower 10/0.4 kV (jurisdiction of an EPS subsidiary ED "Jugoistok", Nis, Serbia) which resulted in an accident with a fatal outcome. One of the aims of this study is to show the necessity of human error assessment not only in manufacturing industries but, as it will be shown in this paper, in companies that distribute electric energy, as well. PMID:22317205

Stojiljkovic, Evica; Grozdanovic, Miroljub; Stojiljkovic, Predrag

2012-01-01

151

Stroke Mortality in Belgrade, Serbia: Age, Period, and Cohort Analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To assess the age, period, and cohort effects on stroke mortality in Belgrade, Serbia, between 1989 and 2003. Methods: Mortality data for stroke events were obtained from the Municipal Institute of Statistics. The age- and gender-specific mortality rates were calculated for the cohorts of individuals born between 1904–1908 and 1964–1968. Results: In males, the average mortality rate increased from

Tatjana Pekmezovic; Darija Kisic Tepavcevic; Mirjana Jarebinski; Milica Kostic; Ljiljana Bumbasirevic

2007-01-01

152

Superficial mycoses in the Nis region, Southeast-Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of the study is to investigate the most frequent cause of superficial mycoses in patients from the territory of city\\u000a Niš Southeast Serbia in the period from 1998 to 2010. A total of 3223 samples from 2887 patients with suspected dermatomycoses\\u000a were examined. Superficial mycoses were diagnosed using standard microbiology techniques (conventional microscopy and cultivation).\\u000a Dermatophytes were determined

Suzana Otasevic; Jovana ?or?evi?; Gordana Ran?elovi?; Aleksandra Ignjatovi?; Predrag Stojanovi?; Dragan Zdravkovi?; Roberta Markovi?

2011-01-01

153

GAST: ARBAJTERSKI R: ADIO - Migration and media in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

“GAST:ARBAJTERSKI R:ADIO”, realized by Danijela Pivaševi?-Tenner and Stefan Tenner, is a research and oral history radio and web project which deals with the migration of workers from south-east to western Europe since the 1960s. The project was initiated in the summer of 2008 in the town of Požarevac and the surrounding villages, East-Serbia (Ex-Yugoslavia). At this time of year, the

Stefan Tenner

2010-01-01

154

[The first state-owned pharmacy in Serbia].  

PubMed

The first state-owned pharmacy in Serbia dates back to 1836. At first its title was Dvorska i voena apoteka (Court and Military Pharmacy), which later changed to Pravitelstvena apoteka (Government Pharmacy). The pharmacy moved from Kragujevac to Belgrade on two occasions along with the government seat, to finally settle in Belgrade on 8 december 1841 Pravitelstvena Apoteka fostered the development of the pharmaceutical science in the country and acted as a public healthcare institution. It had a state-of-the-art laboratory, equipped for chemical analysis of mineral water and for toxicological and biochemical analysis of water containers. It is the cradle of the applied chemistry in serbia and it operated as a controlling centre for other pharmacies. In 1853, Pravitelstvena Apoteka opened a branch Filijala Pravitelstvene Apoteke, which was run by the Central Pharmacy in Belgrade and the appointed administrator ?or?e Bogdanovi?, MPharm. On 10 June 1859, both pharmacies were privatised by the decree of the Prince of Serbia, Duke Miloš Obrenovi?. PMID:23094838

Krajnovic, Dusanka; Jocic, Dragana; Kernican, Leontina; Stupar, Dragan; Gasic, Marija; Peric, Brezana

2012-01-01

155

The genetic diversity of native, stocked and hybrid populations of marble trout in the Soca river, Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The marble trout (Salmo marmoratus) is an endangered species in Slovenia (and in Italy, Croatia and Albania) because of hybridization resulting from intensive stocking. Eleven populations of trout from the Soca river basin (Slovenia) were analysed using 31 presumptive enzyme loci. Three European control samples representing the main European genotypes of brown trout were also analysed. This analysis confirmed the

P Berrebi; M Povz; D Jesensek; G Cattaneo-Berrebi; A J Crivelli

2000-01-01

156

Evaluating the Carrying Capacity in The Škocjan Caves, Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Park Škocjanske jame, Slovenija is a multidesignation site, located in south western part of Slovenia. In 1986 the Škocjanske jame - Škocjan Caves were listed in UNESCO world heritage list, in 1996 the Government of Republic Slovenia established the Regional Park Škocjanske jame, Slovenija. In 1999 the underground course of The Reka River in Škocjan Caves was designated a Ramsar site as first underground wetland of international importance. The park lies within three locations Natura 2000. In 2004 Park Škocjanske jame became a MAB locality as The Karst Biosphere Reserve. The tourist activity was already developed in the early 19th century. Today's research projects are focused on quality of caves microclimate, in order to enable the cave to remain as pristine as possible due to tourism and on the other hand to provide safe environment for people who work in the caves, and on quality of the water that flows from buffer zone to the underground world an then to the sea in Italy. The tourist activity increased during the past years. With the aim of nature conservation and protection the management plan was developed and special programme of monitoring started in order to detect changes in the environment due to the anthropogenic impact. In the park we consider the estimation of the carrying capacity as a key element for preparation of proper management guidelines for the tourism development in site. The caves system is rich in several halls and tunnels and distinguishes the caves for its variety of dimensions. There are several limitations of the visits and number of visitors. They merely depend on spatial characteristic of the caves and its surroundings and on human resources of the experts stuff that is in charge of guiding tourists groups to the caves. There is no simple formula that could be used for evaluation of capacity on general, but detailed studies of several locations and suitable description of parameters could give us an idea of proposing the limiting numbers. Physical and actual capacities will be discussed and a model of preparation of social capacity will be provided.

Debevec Gerjevic, V.

2009-04-01

157

POSSIBILITY OF EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF WOOD WASTE AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCE IN SERBIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wood biomass in Serbia is traditionally used for energy. However, the manner of its use is outdated, and efficiency is very low. Annually over 3.5 million m3 of wood is cut down for energy needs in Serbia. In order to better exploit all forms of woody biomass, especially the one that is now treated as waste, and in order to

Bojan ?er?an; Tamara Luki?; Milka Bubalo-Živkovi?; Branislav ?ur?ev; Rastislav Stojsavljevi?; Milana Panteli?

2012-01-01

158

ECOTOURISM DEVELOPMENT AS A TOOL FOR REPOSITIONG OF SERBIA AS A TOURIST DESTINATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Well-preserved nature is one of the fundamental competitive advantages for positioning of Serbian tourism on the international tourist market. Variety of natural resources is additional reason to consider development of ecotourism in Serbia as important tool for sustainable tourism development in Serbia and for consistent and long-term approach to achieve sustainability. The bases for development of ecotourism as a niche

Jovan Popesku

159

Serbia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy. Updated June 16, 2011.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Serbia faces an important crossroads in its development. It is seeking to integrate into the European Union (EU), but its progress has been hindered by tensions with the United States and many EU countries over the independence of Serbia s Kosovo province...

S. Woehrel

2011-01-01

160

Radiological of natural and mineral drinking waters in Slovenia.  

PubMed

Various types of water were collected in Slovenia and analysed in order to assess the radiation doses from (238)U, (234)U, (228)Ra, (226)Ra, (210)Pb and (210)Po for three different age groups of the population. It was found in all cases that the calculated median committed effective dose from the investigated radionuclides for each population group was well below the recommended value of 100 ľSv y(-1), ranging from 4 to 7 ľSv y(-1) for adults, from 8 to 10 ľSv y(-1) for children and from 6 to 7 ľSv y(-1) for infants. Of the investigated groups of the population children are the most exposed with the highest absolute doses of 19.1 and 18.7 ľSv y(-1) after drinking a certain bottled brand of mineral and natural water, respectively. The contribution of each particular radionuclide to total doses varied among different water types and within each type, as well as between different age groups. PMID:22345214

Benedik, L; Jeran, Z

2012-02-16

161

Systematic survey of natural radioactivity of soil in Slovenia.  

PubMed

Soil samples, from 70 points uniformly distributed over entire Slovenia, were analysed for (40)K, (232)Th and (226)Ra using gamma spectrometry, and for (234)U and (238)U using alpha spectrometry. The following ranges and averages of activity concentrations (Bq kg(-1)) were obtained: 98-2600 and 800 ą 520 for (40)K, 9-170 and 77 ą 33 for (232)Th, 12-270 and 63 ą 44 for (226)Ra, 12-84 and 34 ą 19 for (234)U, and 11-90 and 34 ą 19 for (238)U. With respect to lithology, the highest average values for (40)K and (232)Th were found at clastic sediments containing clay and for (226)Ra on carbonate rocks. Based on the measured activity concentrations, terrestrial gamma dose rates were calculated. The total dose rate ranged from 15 to 260 nGy h(-1), with arithmetic mean of 110 ą 49 nGy h(-1), being the highest over carbonates. PMID:23558252

Kovács, Tibor; Szeiler, Gábor; Fábián, Ferenc; Kardos, Richárd; Gregori?, Asta; Vaupoti?, Janja

2013-04-01

162

A database of mitochondrial DNA hypervariable regions I and II sequences of individuals from Slovakia.  

PubMed

In order to identify polymorphic positions and to determine their frequencies and the frequency of haplotypes in the human mitochondrial control region, two hypervariable regions (HV1 and HV2) of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) of 374 unrelated individuals from Slovakia were amplified and sequenced. Sequence comparison led to the identification of 284 mitochondrial lineages as defined by 163 variable sites. Genetic diversity (GD) was estimated at 0.997 and the probability of two randomly selected individuals from population having identical mtDNA types (random match probability, RMP) for the both regions is 0.60%. PMID:19083829

Lehocký, Ivan; Baldovic, Marian; Kádasi, Ludevít; Metspalu, Ene

2008-02-14

163

Prenatal cytogenetic analysis in the Presov region (Slovakia) in 1999-2004.  

PubMed

Prenatal genetic diagnostics is a part of prenatal care. Prenatal karyotyping is used to identify major genetic and congenital abnormalities in a developing fetus. In the Presov region (Slovakia) in 1999-2004 370 amniotic fluid samples were analysed by G-banding. Abnormal karyotypes were detected in 3.8% of samples. A karyotype using classical banding methods is the only fully informative method able to detect all chromosomal abnormalities. Identification of fetal abnormal chromosomes in high risk pregnancies allows proper pediatric and obstetric managment of the cases as well as genetic counselling (Tab. 1, Fig. 2, Ref. 5). PMID:17051907

Boronova, I; Bernasovsky, I; Bernasovska, J

2006-01-01

164

Historical Review of Astro-Geodetic Observations in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Astro-geodetic determinations of vertical deflections in Serbia began during the first years of 20th century. The first field works were led by S. Bo\\vskovi?. After the 2nd World War, Military Geographic Institute, Department of Geodesy from the Faculty of Civil Engineering, and Federal Geodetic Directorate continued the determinations, needed for reductions of terrestrial geodetic measurements and the astro-geodetic geoid determination. Last years improvements of the astro-geodetic methods are carried out in the area of implementing modern measurement equipment and technologies.

Ogrizovic, V.; Delcev, S.; Vasilic, V.; Gucevic, J.

2008-10-01

165

Analyzing readability of medicines information material in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Objective: Readability has been claimed to be an important factor for understanding texts describing health symptoms and medications. Such texts may be a factor which indirectly affects the health of the population. Despite the expertise of physicians, the readability of information sources may be important for acquiring essential treatment information. The aim of this study was to measure the readability level of medicines promotion material in Slovenia. Methods: The Flesch readability formula was modified to comply with Slovene texts. On the basis of determining the Slovene readability algorithm, the readability ease related to the readability grade level of different Slovene texts was established. In order to estimate an adjustment of the texts to the recommended readability grade level of the targeted population, readability values of English texts were set. One sample t-test and standard deviations from the arithmetic mean values were used as statistical tests. Results: The results of the research showed low readability scores of the Slovene texts. Difficult readability values were seen in different types of examined texts: in patient information leaflets, in the summaries of product characteristics, in promotional materials, while describing over-the-counter medications and in the materials for creating disease awareness. Especially low readability values were found within the texts belonging to promotional materials intended for the physicians. None of researched items, not even for the general public, were close to primary school grade readability levels and therefore could not be described as easily readable. Conclusion: This study provides an understanding of the level of readability of selected Slovene medicines information material. It was concluded that health-related texts were not compliant with general public or with healthcare professional needs.

Kasesnik, Karin; Kline, Mihael

2011-01-01

166

Dose reduction using bismuth shielding during paediatric CT examinations in Slovakia.  

PubMed

Considering the massive increase of computer tomography (CT) examinations in Slovakia during the last 10 y, it can be expected that a higher radiation load may be observed in the Slovak population. Since child population is more sensitive to radiation than adult population, a monitoring has started to see how high the radiation dose is for paediatric patients during CT examinations in chosen departments in Slovakia. The CT examination of the head is one of the most frequently done examinations in Slovakian departments and that is why measurements were done to clarify how usage of bismuth shields for eyes and thyroid can affect the eye and thyroid doses. For simulation, 215 thermoluminescent dosimeters were exposed on anthropomorphic phantom of a child with and without usage of bismuth shields. The result was that only two of the three chosen departments confirmed a reduction. On the other hand, one of the departments confirmed that the reduction can be up to 56-65 %, which is significant. PMID:21816728

Gbelcová, L'; Nikodemová, D; Horváthová, M

2011-08-04

167

Spatial distribution of Dermacentor reticulatus tick in Slovakia in the beginning of the 21st century.  

PubMed

A new field survey monitoring the spatial distribution of Dermacentor (D.) reticulatus (Fabricius, 1794) tick in Slovakia was carried out in 2005-2008 in order to record changes in its distribution when compared to former studies. Last surveys on the geographical distribution were conducted in 1950s and 1970s and the presence of D. reticulatus was determined along the rivers in the south-east (Latorica) as well as in the south-west (Morava, Dunaj) Slovakia. In the present survey new areas with D. reticulatus occurrence were detected, providing evidence that this tick species has extended its range in the surroundings of its former habitats but also by at least 200 km further North and by 300 m of elevation into higher altitudes. D. reticulatus is known to transmit Babesia spp. causing babesiosis in cattle and dogs. Expansion of D. reticulatus range is therefore likely to bring a spread of babesiosis, which can be severe or fatal especially for dogs. PMID:19682799

Bullová, Eva; Lukán, Martin; Stanko, Michal; Petko, Branislav

2009-07-23

168

Industry turns its attention south  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

1997-08-01

169

[Dr. Elizabeth Ross: heroine and victim of the World War I in Serbia].  

PubMed

At the beginning of 1915, several months after the World War I started, Serbia was in an extremely difficult situation.The country was war-ravaged, full of sick and wounded soldiers, there was a desperate shortage of doctors, nurses and other medical personnel, and the epidemic of typhus fever exploded and violently attacked the entire country. At that time, however, a number of both foreign allied medical missions and individual volunteers, from various countries, mostly from Great Britain, came to Serbia to help. Among them mostly were women, and they were of enormous support to Serbia in that grave situation. It is estimated that there were more than 600 foreign women volunteers in Serbia at that time and that 22 of them died there. Dr. Elizabeth Ross was one of those brave volunteers who came to Serbia early in 1915. That noble Scottish lady doctor was born in 1878 and finished her medical studies at the University of Glasgow in 1901. After graduation she worked in various places in Great Britain until 1909, when she went to Persia (Iran), where she worked until the beginning of the so called Great War. When she heard of the urgent need in Serbia she left Persia as soon as she could and volunteered to serve in Serbia. She came to Kragujevac at the beginning of January 1915, where she worked at the First Military Reserve Hospital, which at that time was actually a typhus hospital. Working there intensively and devotedly for several weeks under shocking conditions she contracted typhus herself and died there on her 37th birthday on February 14th, 1915. She was buried in Kragujevac, next to two British ladies who also died in Serbia of typhus. Her grave was restored in 1980 when the town of Kragujevac started holding commemorations at the graveside every February 14th at noon to honor her and all other brave and noble women who lost their lives helping Serbia at that unfortunate time. PMID:23092045

Miki?, Želimir; Leši?, Aleksandar

170

‘East’–‘West’ networks and their alignment: industrial networks in Hungary and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Empirical research into patterns of industrial networking involving companies from Slovenia and Hungary indicates that these companies are heavily dependent on networks as sources of information, learning and innovation. Firms from EU countries are particularly important partners in these respects, but there is a significant difference between the two countries here, with Hungarian firms showing up as substantially more dependent

D. Dyker; A. Nagy; P. Stanovnik; J. Turk; H. Usenik; P. Vince

2003-01-01

171

The Promotion of Innovation in Slovenia through Knowledge Transfer from Higher Education Institutions to SME's  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper provides an audit of Slovenian initiatives for promoting innovation in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME's) through knowledge transfer from Higher Education Institutions (HEI's). The first two sections set out a brief review of knowledge transfer and innovation performance in Slovenia, which shows that the country has managed to sustain a relatively high level of public expenditure on research

Will Bartlett; Vladimir Bukvic

2005-01-01

172

Science achievement, gender differences, and experimental work in classes in Slovenia as evident in TIMSS studies  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since 1999, Slovenia has been in the process of introducing nine years of compulsory education to replace the previous eight-year system of compulsory education. Under the new system, the school entry age is six years rather than the former seven years. This reform of the system necessitated a number of other changes, such as those relating to the curriculum and

Barbara Japelj Paveši?

2008-01-01

173

Balancing equity and efficiency through health care policies in Slovenia during the period 1990-2008  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Slovenia's 1992 health reform set the following five goals: introduction of social health insurance system and a system of co-payment for a range of health care services; introduction of private practice in health care; devolution of planning and control functions from the State to professional associations and municipalities, and introduction of licensing and recertification for health professionals. Methods: A

T. Albreht; N. S. Klazinga

2010-01-01

174

Communicating about corporate social responsibility: A comparative study of CSR reporting in Australia and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examines how two countries on opposite sides of the world, Australia and Slovenia, are addressing corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting issues. The authors see reporting as an important communication tool or channel which can ensure greater corporate transparency and enable a better engagement with multiple stakeholders. The paper aims to provide a review and a comparison of the

Urša Golob; Jennifer L. Bartlett

2007-01-01

175

Determinants of purchasing behaviour for organic and integrated fruits and vegetables in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A country-vide survey related to purchasing behaviour of organic and integrated fruit and vegetables has been prepared for Slovenia. An ordered probit model of consumer choice was developed on the basis of survey results to quantify various determinants of purchase frequency for organically and integrally produced fruit and vegetables. Results show that purchase of analysed produce is most significantly influenced

Ales Kuhar; Luka Juvancic

2010-01-01

176

Fiscal decentralization in the Republic of Slovenia: an opportunity for the property tax  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this research is to show how the Slovenian government has recognised the need for local government fiscal autonomy and to enhance this has instigated the introduction of an ad valorem property tax. Since independence in 1991 Slovenia has embarked on a path of administrative and fiscal decentralization. Local government has been subject to significant reform

William J. McCluskey; Igor Bevc

2007-01-01

177

DAMAGE CAUSED BY LARGE CARNIVORES ON DOMESTIC GRAZING ANIMALS IN SLOVENIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary: Brown bear (Ursus arctos), wolf (Canis lupus) and Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) still occur in Europe but they are forced to live in highly fragmented and human-dominated areas. Like in other parts of Europe they are perceived as a major threat to domestic livestock in most of the Slovenia region, especially in places where cohabitation is unavoidable and con-

Andrej Bidovec

178

Long-Term Security of Supply Assessment under Open Electricity Market - Energy Policy Impacts in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Following the steady demand growth and diminishing generation capacity margin due to lack of generation investment, Slovenia is already importing almost a quarter of electricity needed to cover its demand. Coupled with the deregulated electricity market and the European Union (EU) climate change mitigation measures implemented through EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), the economic as well as environmental factors

Iztok Zlatar; Borut Kozan; Andrej F. Gubina

2008-01-01

179

Site effects and soil-structure resonance study in the Kobarid basin (NW Slovenia) using microtremors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The town of Kobarid is located in one of three areas with the highest seismic hazard in Slovenia. It was hit by several 1976-1977 Friuli sequence earthquakes and recently by the 1998 and 2004 Krn Mountains earthquakes which caused damage of intensity up to VII EMS-98 scale. The town is located in a small basin filled with heterogeneous glaciofluvial Quaternary

A. Gosar

2010-01-01

180

Old age pension system reforms in the czech republic and slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the introduction of old age pension reforms in the Czech Republic and Slovenia. It is designed firstly to define similarities and differences in enacted legislation affecting the pension systems of the observed countries after the fall of the communistic regime and secondly to compare the influence of the most significant factors which have caused these similarities or

Marie Valentová

2001-01-01

181

What Motivates Consumers to Buy Organic Food: Comparison of Croatia, Bosnia Herzegovina, and Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowing consumers' wishes is an important condition for making an efficient sales concept.The goal of this article is to determine the consumer attitudes about organic food, their buying motives, and satisfaction with the offer of organic food products in the markets of Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Slovenia. Comparing data collected for three countries will give insight into common and specific characteristics

Marija Cerjak; Željka Mesi?; Marko Kopi?; Damir Kova?i?; Jerko Markovina

2010-01-01

182

Premature Mortality in Slovenia in Relation to Selected Biological, Socioeconomic, and Geographical Determinants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aim To determine biological (sex and age), socioeconomic (marital status, edu- cation, and mother tongue) and geographical (region) factors connected with causes of death and lifespan (age at death, years-of-potential-life-lost, and mor- tality rate) in Slovenia in the 1990s.

Barbara Artnik; Gaj Vidmar; Jana Javornik; Ulrich Laaser

183

Early Childhood Education and Care in Europe: Tackling Social and Cultural Inequalities. Slovenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Slovenia has a single structure of preschool education system providing comprehensive education and care (educare) for children aged one to six (more precisely, from the end of maternity leave to the child's entering compulsory school). It is offered mostly by public preschool institutions (vrtci). Preschool education is a part of the whole…

Turnsek, Nada; Batistic, Marcela Zorec

2008-01-01

184

Integration of Unemployed Persons with Disabilities into the Labour Market in Slovenia.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Summarizes a study of the economic, social, and health characteristics of unemployed people with disabilities in Slovenia. Responses by 246 unemployed people with disabilities to a questionnaire provided the data. Results are analyzed in terms of employment waiting period, educational level, economic situation, psycho-social and family situation,…

Ursic, Cveto

1998-01-01

185

Changes in primary health care centres over the transition period in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: Primary health care centres (PHCCs) were a characteristic of the former Yugoslav health care system introduced widely in Slovenia. Transition brought structural changes to health care and the position of the PHCC's was challenged. This paper investigates (i) PHCCs' perception of transition changes in health care, (ii) changes in resources and services, and (iii) changes in the relationships between

Tit Albreht; Diana M. J. Delnoij; Niek Klazinga

2006-01-01

186

Present and future ecological footprint of Slovenia—The influence of energy demand scenarios  

Microsoft Academic Search

The international community – including Slovenia, which recently became a EU member state – has expressed its commitment to sustainable development. The methods necessary to measure the degrees of success in achieving this final goal must be developed in parallel. Recently, the ecological footprint method has gained more prominence. In this paper, for the first time, the Slovenian ecological footprint

Sašo Medved

2006-01-01

187

Dating of 4th millennium BC pile-dwellings on Ljubljansko barje, Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present absolute dates of seven late Neolithic pile-dwellings on Ljubljansko barje, Slovenia. They were settled from ca. 3600 to 3332 (ą10) and from 3160 to 3071 (ą14) cal BC, as shown by investigations of wood using dendrochronology and radiocarbon wiggle-matching. We defined eleven periods of intensive tree felling (and building activities) and one major settlement gap (when no trees

Katarina ?ufar; Bernd Kromer; Tjaša Tolar; Anton Veluš?ek

2010-01-01

188

Why were the Neolithic landscapes of Bela krajina and Ljubljana Marshes regions of Slovenia so dissimilar  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper compares the development of Holocene vegetation in Bela krajina and Ljub- ljana Marshes (Ljubljansko barje) regions of Slovenia. The results of pollen analysis suggest that in Bela krajina the human impact on the environment (forest clearance and burning) was very inten- sive throughout the Holocene and led to changes in forest composition, increased biodiversity, and the formation of

Maja Andri

189

Carnian–Norian biomagnetostratigraphy at Silická Brezová (Slovakia): correlation to other Tethyan sections and to the Newark Basin  

Microsoft Academic Search

Correlations of Upper Triassic magnetic stratigraphies from Tethyan sections have been hampered by difficulties with conodont biostratigraphy and taxonomy, and discontinuous sedimentation, particularly in the ‘Hallstatt Limestones’ of Turkey and Austria. The magnetic stratigraphy and conodont biostratigraphy from the Upper Carnian to Upper Norian limestones exposed at Silická Brezová (Slovakia) can be correlated to other Tethyan sections and to the

J. E. T. Channell; H. W. Kozur; T. Sievers; R. Mock; R. Aubrecht; M. Sykora

2003-01-01

190

Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the collections of the Moravian Museum, Brno  

Microsoft Academic Search

DVOŘÁK L. 2006: Social wasps (Hymenoptera: Vespidae: Vespinae) from the Czech Republic and Slovakia in the collections of the Moravian Museum, Brno. Acta Musei Moraviae, Scientiae biologicae (Brno) 91: 149-157. - More than 730 specimens of social wasps deposited in the collections of the Moravian Museum Brno have been identified. They belong to eleven species (Vespa crabro Linnaeus, 1758, Vespula

LIBOR DVOŘÁK

191

Holocaust Education in the "Black Hole of Europe": Slovakia's Identity Politics and History Textbooks Pre- and Post-1989  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Holocaust education in Slovakia stands at the confluence of diverse discourses of state and supra-national legitimation. Principles of national self-determination, minority rights, and political ideologies inform and lend credence to how Slovaks' national and state identities are narrated in Slovak history textbooks. For small nation-states with…

Michaels, Deborah L.

2013-01-01

192

Managing Membership Decline in a Hostile Environment: The Case of the Print Unions in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines printing trade unions in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary. Since 1990 they have been under major pressure from financial difficulties resulting from a dramatic fall in membership. This, in turn, stemmed from the hostile environment of privatization, corporate mergers and acquisitions, technological change and anti-trade union policies on the part of some employers. To reduce costs

John Gennard

2007-01-01

193

Occurrence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii in the Ixodes ricinus ticks from Eastern Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A total of 2816 unfed adults nymphs of Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected from vegetation in Košice (Eastern Slovakia) from 1994 to 1997. Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s. 1. in I. ricinus ticks, detected by dark field microscopy, varied and depended upon the year and the habitat of the collected ticks. The lowest prevalence was observed in 1994 (4.8%). During

Gabriela Št?pánová-Tresová; Branislav Pet'ko; Astéria Štefan?íková; Diana Nadzamová

2000-01-01

194

Influence of benomyl and prometryn on the soil microbial activities and community structures in pasture grasslands of Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of pesticides (a herbicide and a fungicide) on the microbial community structure and their activity were analyzed in soil from four alpine pasture grasslands in Slovakia. Specifically, the effects of the herbicide, Gesagard (prometryn active ingredient), and fungicide, Fundazol 50 WP (benomyl active ingredient), on the microbial respiration activity (CO2 production), the numbers of selective microbial physiological groups

Soa Javoreková; Ivana Svreková; Jana Maková

2010-01-01

195

Epidemiology of hip fractures in Belgrade, Serbia Montenegro, 1990–2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction  This study retrospectively determined the incidence rates of hip fractures in Belgrade, Serbia and Montenegro, during the\\u000a period 1990–2000.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  All patients with hip fractures treated at all Belgrade hospitals were identified from the Republic of Serbia’s Ministry of\\u000a Health National Health Care database. Patient demographics, type of hip fracture, and details of the mechanism of injury were\\u000a collected.

A. Leši?; M. Jarebinski; T. Pekmezovi?; M. Bumbaširevi?; D. Spasovski; Henry D. E. Atkinson

2007-01-01

196

Future Groundwater Use in Ljubljana Field and Mura Valley (Slovenia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ljubljana field is a part of Ljubljana basin in the central part of the country. Mura valley, in the north eastern part of the country, belongs to Mura basin. Both are important "storages" of groundwater and main source of drinking water for more than 380.000 inhabitants. In an unconfined porous Ljubljana field aquifer the thickness exceeds 100 m, the groundwater is recharging from rainfall (50 %) and from the river Sava (50 %). The three quarters of the aquifer lie beneath the urbanised and agricultural area. The Mura valley porous aquifer is shallower, the average thickness is 17 m, the groundwater is recharging mainly from precipitation and most of the aquifer lies beneath the agricultural area. Ljubljana field and Mura valley were chosen as test areas in the project Climate Change and Impacts on Water Supply (CC-WaterS) . The aim of the project is to estimate the impact of climate change on drinking water supply in the Alpine region, middle and lower Danube and Adriatic sea coastal areas. In Slovenia two test areas were chosen because different land uses require different anthropogenic activities which modify the entire aquifer areas, impact the hydrological balance, reduce the aquifer recharge, influence the groundwater flow characteristics, change the water source availability and restoration and influence the quality of groundwater. For the two test areas, climate change scenarios were made on the basis of the SRES A1B emissions scenario on which three different models were used: ALADIN, RegCM3 and PROMES. Temperature and precipitation were modeled and ETP was calculated for the future periods 2021-2050 and 2071-2100. Water use data were obtained from the local public companies for drinking water supply and for other water use from the water permits, since, especially in Mura valley, many people pump drinking water from private wells and therefore public companie's data are not sufficient. Data sets from the public companie's vary a lot, as for Ljubljana field the data sets of water use are available for the past 50 years, but only for a few past years for the Mura valley. From the past water use data and most plausible climate change scenario, estimates of possible future water use in the test areas were made. It is expected that the water use in Mura valley will decrease after the most plausible scenario, because of diminishing trend of household's water use due to emigration. The water use for industry and agriculture will most likely remain the same. In Ljubljana field, the scenario is contrary. The water use will increase, because of a higher use of water for households (immigration).

Zajc Benda, T.; Bra?i? Železnik, B.; Souvent, P.; ?en?ur Curk, B.

2012-04-01

197

Development of national human biomonitoring programme in Slovenia.  

PubMed

In Slovenia patchy human biomonitoring (HBM) data have been collected over the past three decades, mainly in areas polluted with lead, mercury or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). In 2007, the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) prepared a proposal for the national HBM programme based on the initiatives and recommendations of the World Health Organisation, the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Environment and Health Action Plan 2004-2010. In the absence of national reference values we proposed an initial two year cross-sectional environmental epidemiological study aiming to establish national reference values for selected chemicals in blood of 320 subjects; i.e. 40 males, and in blood and milk of 40 breastfeeding first time mothers, aged 20-35 years living in each of the four unpolluted areas, and fulfilling other specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. In the next two phases, inhabitants of other regions including heavily contaminated hot spots will be studied, thus involving in total 960 subjects in six years. We selected the following chemicals: benzene, cadmium, fluoride, lead, mercury, organochlorine pesticides, and a range of polybrominated dyphenyl ethers, polychlorinated dibenzo dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzo furans and PCB congeners. The selection criteria were based on national air and soil monitoring results, toxicological hazard of chemicals, their persistence and bioaccumulation potential, estimated size of exposed populations, analytical capacity, certain public concerns, and trends in other countries. In order to help the identification of exposure sources we also proposed the contents of a detailed questionnaire to be completed by the participants. The first results were expected in 2010, but are not yet available. We expect that the results will provide a base to determine the national reference values, exposure of adults to selected chemicals irrespective of exposure route and exposure of babies via maternal milk, to establish the geographical differences in exposure, to identify and evaluate the sources of exposure, to compare the data internationally, as well as generate data for risk assessment, risk reduction measures, and indicate the needs for further studies. PMID:22154459

Perharic, Lucija; Vracko, Pia

2011-12-09

198

The debates on the philosophy of science in Serbia at the beginning of the XX century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the first activities related to philosophy of science in Serbia in the first decades of XX century. Roles of major figures, like Mihailo Petrovi?, Milutin Milankovi?, Svetomir Risti?, and especially Branislav Petronijevi?, are briefly highlighted.

Djordjevi?, R.; ?irkovi?, M. M.

2003-10-01

199

Trends in the Presence and Roles of Women Physicists in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In general, the portion of women in physics has been increasing in recent years in Serbia, as well as their presence in research and academic institutions. The percentage of women who earned BSc degrees in physics is greater than men. In this respect the situation in Serbia is different from most other countries. But more men than women earned MSc and PhD degrees.

Kapor, Agneš; Savi?, Ilija; Davidovi?, Milena; Knezevi?, Dragica; Boži?, Mirjana

2009-04-01

200

Concentration of trace elements in blood and feed of homebred animals in Southern Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background, aim and scope  The paper presents concentrations of trace elements in blood of homebred animals (cows and sheep) from Southern Serbia (Bujanovac)\\u000a and the contents of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides and some heavy metals in feed. The region of Southern Serbia was\\u000a exposed to contamination by depleted uranium ammunition during NATO attacks in 1999 and therefore, is of great concern

Dragana Popovic; Tatjana Bozic; Jelka Stevanovic; Marina Frontasyeva; Dragana Todorovic; Jelena Ajtic; Vesna Spasic Jokic

2010-01-01

201

High levels of Paleolithic Y-chromosome lineages characterize Serbia.  

PubMed

Whether present-day European genetic variation and its distribution patterns can be attributed primarily to the initial peopling of Europe by anatomically modern humans during the Paleolithic, or to latter Near Eastern Neolithic input is still the subject of debate. Southeastern Europe has been a crossroads for several cultures since Paleolithic times and the Balkans, specifically, would have been part of the route used by Neolithic farmers to enter Europe. Given its geographic location in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula at the intersection of Central and Southeastern Europe, Serbia represents a key geographical location that may provide insight to elucidate the interactions between indigenous Paleolithic people and agricultural colonists from the Fertile Crescent. In this study, we examine, for the first time, the Y-chromosome constitution of the general Serbian population. A total of 103 individuals were sampled and their DNA analyzed for 104 Y-chromosome bi-allelic markers and 17 associated STR loci. Our results indicate that approximately 58% of Serbian Y-chromosomes (I1-M253, I2a-P37.2 and R1a1a-M198) belong to lineages believed to be pre-Neolithic. On the other hand, the signature of putative Near Eastern Neolithic lineages, including E1b1b1a1-M78, G2a-P15, J1-M267, J2-M172 and R1b1a2-M269 accounts for 39% of the Y-chromosome. Haplogroup frequency distributions in Western and Eastern Europe reveal a spotted landscape of paleolithic Y chromosomes, undermining continental-wide generalizations. Furthermore, an examination of the distribution of Y-chromosome filiations in Europe indicates extreme levels of Paleolithic lineages in a region encompassing Serbia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Croatia, possibly the result of Neolithic migrations encroaching on Paleolithic populations against the Adriatic Sea. PMID:22310393

Regueiro, Maria; Rivera, Luis; Damnjanovic, Tatjana; Lukovic, Ljiljana; Milasin, Jelena; Herrera, Rene J

2012-01-31

202

Variability of winter and summer precipitation in Serbia and Montenegro  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The main characteristics of the spatial and temporal variability of winter and summer precipitation observed at 30 stations in Serbia and Montenegro were analyzed for the period 1951-2000. The rainfall series were examined spatially by means of Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF) and temporally by means of the Mann-Kendall test and wavelet analysis. One of the main purposes of EOF is to reduce the number of variables to be studied whilst retaining most of the information contained in the original set of variables in order to understand and interpret the structure of the data. The temporal variability of the time series associated with the main EOF configurations (the Principal Components, PCs) are examined. The EOF analysis gave three winter and summer dominant modes of variations, which explained 89.7% and 70.4% of the variance, respectively. The time series (PC1) associated with the first pattern showed a decreasing trend in winter precipitation. The first winter and summer patterns indicated that the large-scale atmospheric circulation could be responsible for the winter and summer precipitation variability. Strong correlation between the winter PC1 and the NAO index indicated that the NAO could be responsible for the winter precipitation variability. The second winter and summer EOF patterns showed an opposite sign of climate variability between areas with Mediterranean and continental climates, which highlighted the influence of relief and the Adriatic Sea on the precipitation regime. Also, the third EOF pattern showed a dipolar structure that suggested an orographic influence. Wavelet analysis showed that a quasi-cycle of 8 and 16 years was found in the winter PC1 and a quasi-triennial oscillation in the summer PC1, while a quasi-cycle of about 7 years was found in the winter PC2. The quasi-periodic oscillations found over Serbia and Montenegro are consistent with the quasi-periodic oscillations reported in other studies on fluctuations of European precipitation.

Tosic, Ivana; Unkasevic, Miroslava

2010-05-01

203

Characterization of a new spotted fever group rickettsia detected in Ixodes ricinus (Acari: Ixodidae) collected in Slovakia.  

PubMed

Two previously undescribed rickettsiae were detected in Ixodes ricinus Ricketts by polymerase chain reaction. Ixodes ricinus Slovakia (IRS) 3 and IRS4 were identified in ticks collected in northeastern and southwestern Slovakia, respectively. Sequences of the 16S rRNA citrate synthase (gltA) and outer membrane protein rOmpA (ompA) encoding genes of both strains were nearly identical but were distinct from those of all other known rickettsiae. Phylogenetic relationships inferred from the comparison of these sequences with those of other members of the genus Rickettsia indicate that IRS3 and IRS4 constitute a new rickettsial genotype and form a separate cluster among the spotted fever group rickettsiae. PMID:11004782

Sekeyová, Z; Fournier, P E; Rehácek, J; Raoult, D

2000-09-01

204

Radon in soil gas at the Ravne fault in NW Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The Ravne tectonic fault in north-west Slovenia is one of the faults in this region, responsible for the elevated seismic activity at the Italian-Slovene border. At 18 points along five profiles, four perpendicular and one parallel to the fault, the following measurements have been carried out: radon activity concentration in soil gas, using an AlphaGuard radon monitor and alpha scintillation

J. Vaupotic; A. Gregoric; I. Kobal; P. Zvab; K. Kozak; J. Mazur; E. Kochowska; D. Grzadziel

2009-01-01

205

Suicide Victims’ Last Contact With the Primary Care Physician: Report From Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Previous studies have reported that many suicide victims have had contact with their physicians a week or month prior to their suicide.Aims: To assess the date of the last appointment (and complaint) of suicide victims in the Škofja Loka region within Slovenia.Method: We included all suicide victims in the region in the period 1993—2003. Each of the cases was

Petra Mesec Rodi; Saška Roškar; Andrej Maruši?

2010-01-01

206

Isotopic characteristics of precipitation in Slovenia and Croatia: Comparison of continental and maritime stations  

Microsoft Academic Search

The stable isotopic composition of hydrogen and oxygen (delta2H and delta18O) and tritium activity (3H) were monitored in monthly precipitation at two continental stations (Ljubljana, Zagreb) and six stations along the eastern Adriatic coasts of Slovenia and Croatia in the period 2001 2003. Mean air temperatures and amount of precipitation were also recorded. Distinct differences in both meteorological and isotopic

Polona Vreca; Ines Krajcar Broni?; Nada Horvatincic; Jadranka Baresic

2006-01-01

207

Molecular epidemiology of the rabies virus in Slovenia 1994–2010  

Microsoft Academic Search

A molecular epidemiology study was performed on a selection of 30 rabies-positive brain samples collected between 1994 and 2010 in Slovenia and originating from the red fox (n=19), badger (n=3), cattle (n=3), dog (n=2), cat (n=1), marten (n=1) and horse (n=1). Based on the comparison of 1092 and 672 nucleotide sequences of nucleoprotein (N) and partial glycoprotein (G) gene regions,

D. Rihtari?; P. Hostnik; J. Grom; I. Toplak

2011-01-01

208

Case study: A severe hailstorm and strong downbursts over northeastern Slovenia on June 16th 2009  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction A strong isolated storm complex with bow echo feature crossed northeastern Slovenia in the late afternoon hours and caused extensive damage due to severe wind gusts near 30m\\/s, excessive rainfalls and large hail. Synoptic situation On June 16th 2009, an upper-level ridge persists over southern Europe while a positively tilted short-wave trough, connected to a complex deep trough over

M. Korosec

2009-01-01

209

A multi-proxy Late-glacial palaeoenvironmental record from Lake Bled, Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates the palaeoecological record (?18O, ?13C, pollen, plant macrofossils, chironomids and cladocera) at Lake Bled (Slovenia) sedimentary core to better understand the\\u000a response of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to Late-glacial climatic fluctuations. The multi-proxy record suggests that\\u000a in the Oldest Dryas, the landscape around Lake Bled was rather open, presumably because of the cold and dry climate, with

Maja Andri?; Julieta Massaferro; Ueli Eicher; Brigitta Ammann; Markus Christian Leuenberger; Andrej Martin?i?; Elena Marinova; Anton Brancelj

2009-01-01

210

A multi-proxy Late-glacial palaeoenvironmental record from Lake Bled, Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This study investigates the palaeoecological record (?\\u000a 18O, ?\\u000a 13C, pollen, plant macrofossils, chironomids and cladocera) at Lake Bled (Slovenia) sedimentary core to better understand the\\u000a response of terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems to Late-glacial climatic fluctuations. The multi-proxy record suggests that\\u000a in the Oldest Dryas, the landscape around Lake Bled was rather open, presumably because of the cold and dry

Maja Andri?; Julieta Massaferro; Ueli Eicher; Brigitta Ammann; Markus Christian Leuenberger; Andrej Martin?i?; Elena Marinova; Anton Brancelj

211

Food safety knowledge and practices among pregnant and non-pregnant women in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Food safety knowledge and practices among pregnant and non-pregnant women in Slovenia were systematically assessed through an inquiry-based investigation. The study was conducted with 291 pregnant women, who attended antenatal classes at the time of the investigation, and 200 non-pregnant women, all of whom participated during consultation hours for parents in ten, randomly selected primary schools in the country. Results

Mojca Jevšnik; Silvestra Hoyer; Peter Raspor

2008-01-01

212

Monitoring presence and streaming patterns of Icelandic volcanic ash during its arrival to Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano starting on 14 April 2010 resulted in the spreading of volcanic ash over most parts of Europe. In Slovenia, the presence of volcanic ash was monitored using ground-based in-situ measurements, lidar-based remote sensing and airborne in-situ measurements. Volcanic origin of the detected aerosols was confirmed by subsequent spectral and chemical analysis of the collected

F. Gao; S. Stanic; K. Bergant; T. Bolte; F. Coren; T.-Y. He; A. Hrabar; J. Jerman; A. Mladenovic; J. Tursic; D. Veberic; M. Irsic Zibert

2011-01-01

213

Hereditary diffuse palmoplantar keratodermas in Slovenia: epidemiologic foci in remote rural areas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary  BACKGROUND: Previous studies carried out in Slovenia revealed a high frequency of cases of hereditary diffuse palmoplantar\\u000a keratodermas (DPPK). The relatively small total population of about two million in a small territory and an efficient public\\u000a health service were favorable preconditions for such a study. METHODS: Existing hospital and outpatient department records\\u000a served as starting points. Patients were invited to

Jovan Miljkovi?; Aleksej Kansky; Gaj Vidmar

2006-01-01

214

The remediation of a uranium mining and milling site in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Uranium mining in Slovenia was conducted by the state owned company RŽV started relatively late compared to other East European\\u000a countries. During the short time of the production activities in the Žirovski Vrh Mountains from 1982 to 1990 in total 452\\u000a t of U3O8 have been produced. Besides an underground mine the company has run a milling and processing plant

Michael Paul; Boris Likar; Zmago Logar; Thomas Metschies

215

Changing sediment dynamics due to natural reforestation in the Dragonja catchment, SW Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Under the influence of socio–economic changes in many regions in Europe, a trend of decreasing agricultural activity has been observed since the Second World War. The resulting reforestation profoundly changes water and sediment supply to river channels, deposition rates on the floodplains and erosion rates on the hillslopes. We studied these changes in the 91 km2 Dragonja catchment in southwestern Slovenia.With

S. D. Keesstra; O. van Dam; G. Verstraeten; J. van Huissteden

2009-01-01

216

Morphometric and karyological analysis of a population of Sesleria sadleriana Janka in the Biele Karpaty Mountains (Slovakia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

Morphometric and karyological analysis was employed to prove the occurrence of a population ofSesleria sadleriana\\u000a Janka, at the locality “Vršatec” in the Biele Karpaty Mts. (Slovakia). Morphological characters of this population were analysed\\u000a statistically (ANOVA, PCA) and compared with those of a population ofS. sadleriana in Austria (Hainburg an der Donau) and a population ofS. albicans\\u000a Kit. exSchult. in the

Martin A. Lysfik; Jarmila ?íhalíková; Jaroslav Doležel

1997-01-01

217

The role of consumer ethnocentrism in a buy national campaign in a transitioning country : Some evidence from Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The goal of this paper is to examine the link between consumer ethnocentrism (CE) and the attitudes of two consumer groups to a buy local campaign in a transitioning economy, Slovakia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected from 211 non-students at shopping malls in Banská Bystrica (non-student group) and from 209 students at the University

Kojo Saffu; John H. Walker; Marica Mazurek

2010-01-01

218

Traumatic injury to the incisive bones and maxillary dentition in a male gray wolf ( Canis lupus L.) from Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents the skull of a male gray wolf shot in the region of Snina, eastern Slovakia. Age at death of the wolf was\\u000a estimated at 6 years. The skull was characterized by the almost-complete absence of the alveolar processes of the incisive\\u000a bones and multiple dental abnormalities that were attributed to a severe trauma. All maxillary incisors and both

Peter Lazar; Dean Konjevi?; Uwe Kierdorf; Vera Njemirovskij; Jan ?urlík; Marijan Grubeši?

2009-01-01

219

Does the influence of peers and parents on adolescents' drunkenness differ between Roma and non-Roma adolescents in Slovakia?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background. Roma adolescents have been shown to use less alcohol than non-Roma adolescents. This could be due to the protective influences of peers and parents.Objective. The purpose of this study was to explore differences in the levels of peer and parental influence and their effects on drunkenness between Roma and non-Roma adolescents.Design. Data were obtained in Eastern Slovakia from 330

Daniela Bobakova; Peter Kolarcik; Andrea Madarasova Geckova; Daniel Klein; Sijmen A. Reijneveld; Jitse P. van Dijk

2012-01-01

220

Elemental and mineral inventory of tailing impoundments near Pezinok, Slovakia and possible courses of action for their remediation  

Microsoft Academic Search

An effective remediation strategy for a polluted site should take the absolute amount of the pollutant(s) into account. Here, we present an elemental budget for As, Sb and Fe in two tailing impoundments of the former Sb-Au deposit near Pezinok, Slovakia. The two impoundments contain 5,740×103 kg As, 6,360×103 kg Sb and 50,105×103 kg Fe. An estimated total Au content

Juraj Majzlan; Björn Brecht; Bronislava Lalinská; Martin Chovan; Daniel Moravanský; Peter Uhlík

2010-01-01

221

Focal mechanisms of micro-earthquakes in the Dobrá Voda seismoactive area in the Malé Karpaty Mts. (Little Carpathians), Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have analyzed 44 micro-earthquakes with magnitudes between 1.2 and 3.4, which occurred in the Dobrá Voda area, Slovakia, in the period 2001–2009. The epicentres of the micro-earthquakes form a cluster elongated in the ENE–WSW direction. This direction coincides with the orientation of the main fault systems in the area: Dobrá Voda and Brezová faults. The depths of the hypocentres

Lucia Fojtíková; Václav Vavrycuk; Andrej Cipciar

2010-01-01

222

EPIGEIC SPIDERS (Araneae) IN ECOSYSTEMS OF OAK-HORNBEAM FORESTS IN THE MALÉ KARTATY MTS (SLOVAKIA) AND THEIR ECOLOGICAL CATEGORISATION  

Microsoft Academic Search

Krumpálová Z.: Epigeic spiders (Araneae) in ecosystems of oak-hornbeam forests in the Malé Karpaty Mts (Slovakia) and their ecological categorisation. Ekológia (Bratislava), Vol. 24, Supplement 2\\/2005, p. 87-101. 6,233 spider species were obtained in the oak-hornbeam forests at seven study sites in the Malé Karpaty Mts. The spider communities of the oak-hornbeam forests were rich in species diversity. Trochosa terricola,

ZUZANA KRUMPÁLOVÁ

223

Arsenic mobility from anthropogenic impoundment sediments – Consequences of contamination to biota, water and sediments, Poša, Eastern Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

An impoundment located near the village of Poša, Slovakia, is a significant source of contamination with As originating from the deposited coal fly-ashe. Waters penetrating the impoundment are enriched in As and other potentially toxic elements. As a consequence of the contamination, the Kyjov Brook and the Ondava River have been extensively polluted. The mobility and solid-state partitioning of As

Edgar Hiller; L’ubomír Jurkovi?; Jozef Kordík; Igor Slaninka; Michal Jankulár; Juraj Majzlan; Jörg Göttlicher; Ralph Steininger

2009-01-01

224

Influence of spreading urbanization in flood areas on flood damage in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Damage caused by natural disasters in Slovenia is frequently linked to the ignoring of natural factors in spatial planning. Historically, the construction of buildings and settlements avoided dangerous flood areas, but later we see increasing construction in dangerous areas. During the floods in 1990, the most affected buildings were located on ill-considered locations, and the majority was built in more recent times. A similar situation occurred during the floods of September 2007. Comparing the effects of these floods, we determined that damage was always greater due to the urbanization of flood areas. This process furthermore increasingly limits the "manoeuvring space" for water management authorities, who due to the torrential nature of Slovenia's rivers can not ensure the required level of safety from flooding for unsuitably located settlements and infrastructure. Every year, the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia issues more than one thousand permits for interventions in areas that affect the water regime, and through decrees the government allows construction in riparian zones, which is supposedly forbidden by the Law on Water. If we do not take measures with more suitable policies for spatial planning, we will no long have the possibility in future to reduce the negative consequences of floods. Given that torrential floods strike certain Slovene regions every three years on average and that larger floods occur at least once a decade, it is senseless to lay the blame on climate change.

Komac, B.; Natek, K.; Zorn, M.

2008-11-01

225

Lead and cadmium in meat and organs of game in Slovenia  

SciTech Connect

Pollution of the environment and contamination of animals including game with Pb and Cd are serious problems in most countries. Our many-years results of Pb and Cd residues in meat and organs of game show us, that the herbaceous game, which feed only with various herbs are more contaminated than other animals - cattle and pigs. They really seem to be a good environmental contamination indicator. The aim of our research was to establish contamination levels of game with Pb and Cd. Two different regions of Slovenia, an industrial region with a lead mine and smeltry in Koroska and an unindustrial one a Ilirska Bistrica were chosen to study contamination of game. Muscle tissues, heart muscles, kidneys and livers of roe-deer, chamois, red-deer and wild boards were analysed. The correlation between the animals` age and cadmium content in kidney was researched and a positive correlation was established. We have found out to which extent the meat and organs of game correspond with our available tolerances for each single residue and whether they are unfit for human consumption. The results of investigations concerning Pb and Cd content in game analysed in Slovenia in the last four years were shown, too. Results were taken from the reports of the Residue monitoring and surveillance which is performed in the Republic Slovenia for more than ten years. 6 refs., 5 tabs.

Doganoc, D.Z.; Gacnik, K.S. [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)

1995-01-01

226

Monitoring presence and streaming patterns of Icelandic volcanic ash during its arrival to Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The eruption of the Eyjafjallajökull volcano starting on 14 April 2010 resulted in the spreading of volcanic ash over most parts of Europe. In Slovenia, the presence of volcanic ash was monitored using ground-based in-situ measurements, lidar-based remote sensing and airborne in-situ measurements. Volcanic origin of the detected aerosols was confirmed by subsequent spectral and chemical analysis of the collected samples. The initial arrival of volcanic ash to Slovenia was first detected through the analysis of precipitation, which occurred on 17 April 2010 at 01:00 UTC and confirmed by satellite-based remote sensing. At this time, the presence of low clouds and occasional precipitation prevented ash monitoring using lidar-based remote sensing. The second arrival of volcanic ash on 20 April 2010 was detected by both lidar-based remote sensing and airborne in-situ measurements, revealing two or more elevated atmospheric aerosol layers. The ash was not seen in satellite images due to lower concentrations. The identification of aerosol samples from ground-based and airborne in-situ measurements based on energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy confirmed that a fraction of particles were volcanic ash from the Eyjafjallajökull eruption. To explain the history of the air masses bringing volcanic ash to Slovenia, we analyzed airflow trajectories using ECMWF and HYSPLIT models.

Gao, F.; Stani?, S.; Bergant, K.; Bolte, T.; Coren, F.; He, T.-Y.; Hrabar, A.; Jerman, J.; Mladenovi?, A.; Turši?, J.; Veberi?, D.; Irši? Žibert, M.

2011-08-01

227

Neospora caninum and Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in European brown hares in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Austria.  

PubMed

European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) coming from the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Austria were tested for serum antibodies against Neospora caninum by a competitive-inhibition enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and for serum antibodies against Toxoplasma gondii by an indirect fluorescent antibody test. In a total of 925 samples, 280 (30%) and 132 (14%) reacted positively for N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies, respectively. Out of 333 hares in the Czech Republic, 129 (39%) and 71 (21%) reacted positively for N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies, respectively. Out of 209 hares in Slovakia, 8 (4%) and 13 (6%) reacted positively for N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies, respectively. Out of 383 hares in Austria, 143 (37%) and 48 (13%) reacted positively for N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies, respectively. Mixed infection (concurrent presence of both N. caninum and T. gondii antibodies) was found in 25 (8%) hares in the Czech Republic, in 14 (4%) hares in Austria and in none hare in Slovakia. It is the first report of antibodies against Neospora caninum in hares in the Czech Republic and Austria. PMID:20347525

Bártová, Eva; Sedlák, Kamil; Treml, Frantisek; Holko, Ivan; Literák, Ivan

2010-03-07

228

Polymerase chain reaction confirmation of Babesia canis canis and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in dogs suspected of babesiosis in Slovakia.  

PubMed

Canine babesiosis was considered an imported tick transmitted disease until the first case of autochthonous canine babesiosis in Slovakia was described in 2002. Since then, the number of cases kept increasing every year. The causative agent of babesiosis in dogs is not yet characterized; therefore, the aim of our study was to determine the agent and the rate of infection in the vector tick D. reticulatus in Slovakia. Babesia canis canis was detected in 80 out of 87 blood samples from dogs with clinical manifestations of babesiosis. Six dogs suspected of babesiosis tested positive for presence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum, and one mixed infection of B. c. canis and A. phagocytophilum was detected. B. c. canis was detected in 35.6% questing adults of D. reticulatus. The obtained sequences from blood samples showed 99.7% and from D. reticulatus, 99.4% similarity with the B. c. canis (AY072926) from dogs infected in Croatia. In our study, we characterized the agent of canine babesiosis from blood samples of naturally infected dogs and D. reticulatus, the vector tick. Further, the presence of A. phagocytophilum, bacterium responsible for the canine granulocytic anaplasmosis, was recorded in dogs for the first time in Slovakia. PMID:21736486

Majláthová, Viktória; Majláth, Igor; Víchová, Bronislava; Gul'ová, Ivana; Derdáková, Markéta; Sesztáková, Edina; Pet'ko, Branislav

2011-07-07

229

Characteristics of the extreme rainfall event and consequent flash floods in W Slovenia in September 2007  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

During a weather front that passed over large parts of Slovenia on 18.9.2007, extreme rainfall events were triggered causing several severe flash floods with six casualties. Out of 210 municipalities in Slovenia, 60 were reporting flood damages, and the total economic flood damage was later estimated at close to 200 million Euro; highest damage was claimed by Železniki municipality in NW Slovenia. The main purpose of the study presented in this paper was to put together available meteorological and hydrological data in order to get better insight into temporal and spatial dynamics and variability of the flash flood event along the Sel\\vska Sora River flowing through the town of Železniki. The weather forecast by the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia (ARSO) lead to early warning of floodings but has underestimated rainfall amounts by a factor of 2. Also meteorological radar underestimated ground rainfall as much as by 50%. During that day, in many rainfall gauging stations operated by ARSO in the area under investigation, extreme rainfall amounts were measured, e.g. 303 mm in 24 h or 157 mm in 2 h. Some of the measured rainfall amounts were the highest registered amounts in Slovenia so far. Statistical analysis using Gumble distribution was performed and rainfall return periods were estimated. When assessing rainfall return periods, a question of the sampling error as a consequence of short rainfall records used was raised. Furthermore, measured rainfall data were used to reconstruct hydrographs on selected water stations along the Sel\\vska Sora River. The cumulative areal precipitation for the Sel\\vska Sora River catchment upstream of Železniki amounted to 219 mm, while the modeled effective precipitation used to simulate the hydrograph peak was only 57 mm. The modeled direct runoff coefficient therefore amounts to 0.26. Surprisingly low value is mainly caused by the applied unit hydrograph method that seeks to meet the peak discharge rather than hydrograph volume. However, the spatial distribution of the rainfall in the area was highly variable and present spatial positioning of rain gauges is obviously inadequate for proper representation of the actual spatial amount of rainfall. The study confirmed that post-flood investigation should focus on discharges and hydrological response of the catchment rather than simply analyzing statistical characteristics of rainfall.

Rusjan, S.; Kobold, M.; Mikoš, M.

2009-06-01

230

Relation between primary liver cancer occurrence and freshwater Cyanobacterial blooms in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since 1980 cyanobacterial blooms occurred in a large number of reservoirs, lakes and running water ecosystems (rivers and channels) in Serbia. Among 49 reservoirs examined, 32 were found in blooming condition almost every year during last 2 decades. All natural lakes and 12 river and channel localities in Vojvodina province (agricultural part) proved to be sites with cyanobacterial proliferation. The part of Central Serbia is very problematic for ground water supply. For that reason 21 reservoirs serve as drinking water suppliers. Significant and persistant cyanobacterial blooms have been recognized in 9 of them. Samples for cyanotoxin analyses were taken during and after blooms in Celije Reservoir and in drinking water in Krusevac town 2 days later. Concentratins of Microcystin-LR were 460 ľg•L-1 and for Microcystin-RR 170 ľg•L-1. Drinking water contained 2 and 0.6 ľg•L-1, respectively. Serbia consists of 30 administrative units, in three of which studies for Primary Liver Cancer (PLC) were conducted independently: Vojvodina, where drinking-water is supplied only from deep wells where 7 regions were studied, Kosovo with a few high mountain reservoirs for water supply without cyanobacterial proliferation where 6 regions were studied, and Central Serbia, where 17 regions were studied. Central Serbia showed 7 regions with extremly high PLC incidence and 8 regions with lower PLC incidence. In the two investigated periods, the high PLC mortality of 11.6 in 1980-1995 and extremely high PLC incidence of 26 in 2000 was observed in the regions affected by heavy cyanobacterial blooms. In contrast, the regions not affected by the blooms, PLC mortality and incidence rates were substantially lower: from 1980-1995 mortality rate ammounted to 2.7 in Kosovo, 7.6 in Vojvodina, and 8.5 in the non-affected regions of Central Serbia, and in 2000 incidence rate ammounted to 4.1 (Kosovo), 6.6 (Vojvodina), and 7.5 in the non-affected regions of Central Serbia. The uneven geographic distribution of liver cancer is conspicuous, and „hot spots" could be related to drinking water supply. It is very clear that PLC high risk regions correspond with cyanobacterial blooming and PLC low risks regions correspond with water supplies not affected by cyanobacteria. PLC incidence in all regions not affected by cyanobacteria, i.e. Vojvodina, Kosovo and some regions in Central Serbia are in a similar range, whereas it is significantly higher in the affected regions of Central Serbia.

Svir?ev, Z.; Miladinov-Mikov, M.; Simeunovi?, J.; Vidovi?, M.; Stojanovi?, D.

2009-04-01

231

31 CFR 585.414 - Services performed in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Serbia and Montenegro) or by the Government of the FRY (S&M). 585.414 Section 585.414 ...Serbia and Montenegro) or by the Government of the FRY (S&M). Services performed in the FRY (S&M), or by the Government of the...

2009-07-01

232

31 CFR 585.414 - Services performed in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) or by the...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Serbia and Montenegro) or by the Government of the FRY (S&M). 585.414 Section 585.414 ...Serbia and Montenegro) or by the Government of the FRY (S&M). Services performed in the FRY (S&M), or by the Government of the...

2010-07-01

233

Roles of Stolbur phytoplasma and Reptalus panzeri (Cixiinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the epidemiology of Maize redness in Serbia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Maize redness (MR), a disease causing midrib, leaf and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development in maize, has been reported from Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria for 50 years. Recent epiphytotics reduced yields by 40-90% in southern Banat, Serbia. MR was recently associated with the presence of th...

234

Roles of Stolbur Phytoplasma and Reptalus Panzeri (Cixiinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the Epidemiology of Maize Redness in Serbia  

Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

Maize redness (MR), a disease causing midrib, leaf and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development in maize, has been reported from Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria for 50 years. Recent epiphytotics reduced yields by 40-90% in southern Banat, Serbia. MR was recently associated with the presence of th...

235

Which are my Future Career Priorities and What Influenced my Choice of Studying Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics? Some Insights on Educational Choice—Case of Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper is addressing the problem of under-representation of young people in general, and females in particular, in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Slovenia. It has two main objectives: (1) to identify which priorities male and female STEM students in Slovenia seek in their future careers, and (2) to identify different important factors (i.e. key

Gregor Cerinsek; Tina Hribar; Natasa Glodez; Slavko Dolinsek

2012-01-01

236

Estimation of flash floods in small ungauged basins in Slovakia: case studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the paper application of a methodology for analysis of flash flood events in several ungauged small basins in Slovakia was evaluated. The methodology proposed within the framework of the FP6 HYDRATE project (www.hydrate.tesaf.unipd.it) is based on the post-event surveying and hydrological modelling, using a spatially distributed hydrological model with a high spatial resolution of rainfall data and physiographical basin properties. Six large flash floods which occurred in Slovakia during the last 10 years were selected, with the emphasis on their extremity and different physical and geographical basins properties. The estimation of the maximum flood peaks and flood wave volumes was provided on the base of the post-event analysis after the flood events. The areas of channel's cross-profiles were measured for maximal water level, longitudinal slope of water level was approximated to the bottom slope and roughness was estimated according to the river banks and channel bottoms. Flow velocities were estimated using Chézy equation and Manning roughness coefficient. The reconstructed flood waves were compared with the simulated discharges using the distributed event-based rainfall-runoff model KLEM. The distributed hydrological model KLEM is based on the availability of raster information of the landscape's topography, soil and vegetation properties, and radar rainfall data. The SCS-Curve Number procedure is applied on a grid for the spatially-distributed representation of runoff-generating processes, a description of the drainage system response is used for representing the runoff's routing. Digital elevation models as well as soil, geology, land use and rainfall data for the basins were prepared in the grid form (resolution of 20 m). Radar rainfall data or maps of isohyets in 15-minutes time step or were used as input precipitation in the model. Comparison of the results achieved by the KLEM model and the post-event analysis for floods showed the consistency of simulated and estimated discharges both in time and space, and the methodology has proven its applicability for practical purposes.

Hlavcova, Kamila; Horvat, Oliver; Kohnova, Silvia; Szolgay, Jan; Roncak, Peter

2013-04-01

237

Region-of-influence approach to a frequency analysis of heavy precipitation in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper compares different approaches to regional frequency analysis with the main focus on the implementation of the region-of-influence (ROI) technique for the modelling of probabilities of heavy precipitation amounts in the area of the Western Carpathians. Unlike the conventional regional frequency analysis where the at-site design values are estimated within a fixed pooling group (region), the ROI approach as a specific alternative to focused pooling techniques makes use of flexible pooling groups, i.e. each target site has its own group of sufficiently similar sites. In this paper, various ROI pooling schemes are constructed as combinations of different alternatives of sites' similarity (pooling groups defined according to climatological characteristics and geographical proximity of sites, respectively) and pooled weighting factors. The performance of the ROI pooling schemes and statistical models of conventional (regional and at-site) frequency analysis is assessed by means of Monte Carlo simulation studies for precipitation annual maxima for the 1-day and 5-day durations in Slovakia. It is demonstrated that a) all the frequency models based on the ROI method yield estimates of growth curves that are superior to the standard regional and at-site estimates at most individual sites, and b) the selection of a suitable ROI pooling scheme should be adjusted to the dominant character of the formation of heavy precipitation.

Gaál, L.; Kyselý, J.; Szolgay, J.

2008-05-01

238

Estimation of Mean Monthly Flows In Small Ungauged Basins In Western Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the case of the absence of measured runoff optimization techniques cannot be used to estimate the parameters of rainfall-runoff models. In such a case usually empiri- cal regression methods were used for relating the model parameters to the catchment characteristics in a given region. In the paper a different method for the regional cali- bration of a monthly water balance model, which can be used for planning purposes, is proposed for the case of sparse runoff data. The results are based on a study that aimed at computing surface water inflow into a lowland area with valuable groundwater re- sources. Monthly discharge time series had to be estimated in small ungauged rivers entering the study area. Instead of using the regional regression approach a method is proposed, which involves the regional calibration of a monthly water balance model to many gauged sites in the given region simultaneously. For the calibration a genetic programming algorithm was employed. It is expected, that the regionally calibrated model parameters can be used in ungauged basins with similar physiographic condi- tions. The comparison of the performance of such a regional calibration scheme was compared with two single site calibration methods in a region of West Slovakia.

Hlavcova, K.; Szolgay, J.; Kohnova, S.; Cisty, M.; Kalas, M.

239

Trends in age-adjusted coronary heart disease mortality rates in Slovakia between 1993 and 2009.  

PubMed

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and especially coronary heart disease (CHD) are the main causes of death in the Slovak Republic (SR). The aim of this study is to explore trends in age-adjusted coronary heart disease mortality rates in the whole Slovak population and in the population of working age between the years 1993 and 2009. A related indicator - potential years of life lost (PYLL) due to CHD--was calculated in the same period for males and females. Crude CHD mortality rates were age-adjusted using European standard population. The joinpoint Poisson regression was performed in order to find out the annual percentage change in trends. The age-adjusted CHD mortality rates decreased in the Slovak population and also in the population of working age. The change was significant only within the working-age sub-group. We found that partial diagnoses (myocardial infarction and chronic ischaemic heart disease) developed in the mirror-like manner. PYLL per 100,000 decreased during the observed period and the decline was more prominent in males. For further research we recommend to focus on several other issues, namely, to examine the validity of cause of death codes, to examine the development of mortality rates in selected age groups, to find out the cause of differential development of mortality rates in the Slovak Republic in comparison with the Czech Republic and Poland, and to explain the causes of decrease of the age-adjusted CHD mortality rates in younger age groups in Slovakia. PMID:24053062

Psota, Marek; Pekarciková, Jarmila; O'Mullane, Monica; Rusnák, Martin

2013-06-01

240

The nanoparticulate nature of invisible gold in arsenopyrite from Pezinok (Slovakia)  

SciTech Connect

Arsenopyrite is the most common sulfide host of invisible gold. Yet, despite many studies, the position of such gold in the structure of arsenopyrite has not been resolved conclusively. Here we report a multitechnique study of arsenopyrite samples from the Pezinok deposits (Slovakia) with moderate gold concentrations of 7-10 {micro}g/g. Secondary ion mass spectrometry showed that the invisible gold occurs as either (1) almost uniform, low-concentration of 'dispersed' gold, or as (2) hot spots along fractures. X-ray absorption spectra at the Au L{sub III} edge were collected from such hot spots. The spectra document metallic character of gold although no discrete gold particles were seen even after careful re-examining in back-scattered electron images. We conclude that such occurrences are most readily explained by the presence of gold nanoparticles. We suggest that the dispersed gold is the chemically-bound gold previously detected in these deposits by 197Au Moessbauer spectroscopy. The concentration of the dispersed gold is too low for X-ray absorption spectroscopy.

Majzlan, Juraj; Chovan, Martin; Andráš , Peter; Newville, Matthew; Wiedenbeck, Michael (Institute of Geosciences, Germany)

2010-04-09

241

Case study of a severe windstorm over Slovakia and Hungary on 25 June 2008  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A system of thunderstorms approached the Slovakia and Hungary in the late evening hours of 25 June 2008, causing extensive damage and peak wind gusts up to 40 m/s. This study examines the macro- and mesosynoptic conditions for the windstorm using soundings, analyses, and forecasts of numerical models (ALADIN, ECMWF). A derecho-like character of the event is discussed. Meteosat Second Generation imagery and convective indices inferred from satellite and model data are used to assess the humidity distribution and the conditional instability of the thunderstorm environment. An intrusion of the environmental dry air into the convective system and intensification of downdrafts is considered to be one of the reasons for the damaging winds observed at some areas. This is supported by the radar imagery showing a sudden drop of radar reflectivity and creation of line echo wave patterns and bow echoes. A numerical simulation provided by the non-hydrostatic MM5 model indicated the development of meso-? scale vortices embedded in the convective system. The genesis and a possible role of such vortices in creating rear-inflow jets and intensifying the low level winds are investigated with the help of the vorticity equation and several other diagnostic parameters. In addition, the effect of various physical parameterisations on the forecast of the windstorm is evaluated.

Simon, André; Ka?ák, Ján; Sokol, Alois; Putsay, Mária; Uhrínová, Lucia; Csirmaz, Kálmán; Okon, ?uboslav; Habrovský, Richard

2011-06-01

242

Systems for the provision of oral health care in the Black Sea countries. Part 11: Serbia.  

PubMed

This paper gives an overview of the provision of health care in the Republic of Serbia. It then gives details of the system for the provision of oral health care, the education of dentists and dental staff, epidemiological data, and costs. It includes details of the state (public) and private sectors of health and dental care in Serbia. Private health and oral health care is based mainly on a number of practices that provide medical and dental care to the population. The state sector has a wider range of types of provision, including complex health care institutions. The number of employees in the private health and dental sector is much smaller than the number of employees in the public sector. Far fewer patients seek private medical and dental care than visit a doctor and dentist in the state sector, which still provides the bedrock for the health system in Serbia. PMID:22692270

Andelski, Hristo; Timotic, Branivoje

2012-06-01

243

Annual and seasonal variability of precipitation in Vojvodina, Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Annual and seasonal variability of precipitation observed at 92 stations in Vojvodina (Serbia) were analyzed during the period 1946-2006. The rainfall series were examined by means of the empirical orthogonal functions (EOF). The first set of singular vectors explains from 68.8 % (in summer) to 81.8 % (in winter) of the total variance. The temporal variability of the time series associated with the main EOF configurations (the principal components, PCs) was examined using the Mann-Kendall test and the spectral analysis. The time series of PC1 revealed decreasing trend in the winter and spring precipitation and increasing trend in the autumn, summer, and annual precipitation. The relationships between the first PC and circulation patterns, such as the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), the East Atlantic (EA) pattern, and East Atlantic/West Russia pattern, were also investigated. The PC1, displaying temporal behavior of the first mode, demonstrated evident correspondence with the NAO index in analysis of the annual, winter, and autumn precipitation. Power spectra of the PC1 show statistically significant oscillations of about 3.3 years for the spring precipitation and about 8 and 15 years for the winter precipitation. Comparisons with spectral analysis of authors for some regions in Europe, most of them in the Mediterranean domain, show that similar periodicities are detected.

Toši?, Ivana; Hrnjak, Ivana; Gavrilov, Milivoj B.; Unkaševi?, Miroslava; Markovi?, Slobodan B.; Luki?, Tin

2013-09-01

244

Seasonality of trichinellosis in patients hospitalized in Belgrade, Serbia.  

PubMed

A retrospective study of the course and outcome of trichinellosis in a series of 50 patients hospitalized at the Institute for Infectious and Tropical Diseases in Belgrade between 2001 and 2008 was performed. Clinical diagnosis of trichinellosis was based upon the patients' clinical history, symptoms and signs, and eosinophilia. The occurrence of cases showed a strong seasonality (P < 0.0001). The incubation period ranged between one and 33 days. The mean time between onset of symptoms and admission was nine days. Family outbreaks were the most frequent. Smoked pork products were the dominant source of infection (76%). Fever was the most frequent clinical manifestation (90%), followed by myalgia (80%) and periorbital edema (76%). 43 patients were examined serologically and 72% of them had anti-Trichinella antibodies. Eosinophilia and elevated levels of serum CK and LDH were detected in 94, 50 and 56% of the patients, respectively. All patients responded favorably to treatment with mebendazole or albendazole, but eight developed transient complications. Trichinellosis remains a major public health issue in Serbia. PMID:21073142

Ofori-Beli?, I; Kora?, M; Milosevi?, B; Djurkovi?-Djakovi?, O; Dulovi?, O; Daki?, Z; Poluga, J; Brmboli?, B

2010-09-01

245

Violence, dignity and HIV vulnerability: street sex work in Serbia.  

PubMed

Sex work can be contextualized by violence, social and material inequality, and HIV vulnerability. We undertook a qualitative study to explore female and transvestite sex workers' accounts (n = 31) of HIV risk environment in Belgrade and Pancevo, Serbia. Violence emerged as a key theme. Accounts emphasise the ubiquity of multiple forms of everyday violence - physical, emotional, social - in street sex work scenes, linked to police as much as clients. We highlight the salience of emotions in sex work risk management, in which the preservation of dignity is of prime importance. Accounts draw upon narratives of hygiene and responsibility which, we argue, seek to resist portrayals, normative to this setting, of sex workers as contaminated and irresponsible. Findings highlight how the ubiquity of the risk of violence in street sex work scenes reflects institutionalised social inequalities and injustices. Sex workers are inevitably participant in the cycle of symbolic violence they seek to resist. The challenges for HIV prevention are therefore considerable, and require interventions which not only seek to foster safer micro-environments of sex work but structural changes in the welfare, criminal justice and other social institutions which reproduce the cycle of violence faced by sex workers day to day. PMID:19144087

Simi?, Milena; Rhodes, Tim

2008-12-16

246

[First case of Malassezia globosa isolation in Serbia].  

PubMed

Today is known that genus Malassezia includes seven species: M. furfur, M. sympodialis, M. obtusa, M. globosa, M. restricta, M. sloofflae and M. pachydermatis, but role of each of the species in the pathogenesis of disease has not been elucidated yet, so further laboratory isolation and identification are necessary. We report the first case of isolation of Malassezia globosa in Serbia (Belgrade), in a patient suffering from Pityriasis versicolor. Identification of M. globosa was based on macroscopic, microscopic and biochemical characteristics. Isolation was done on Leeming and Notman medium and on mDixona agar, at 350C, during 7 days in aerobic conditions. Also the yeast's biochemical phenotype was determined as catalase (+), lipase (+), esculin degradation (-), Tween (20, 40, 60 and 80) assimilation (-). M. globosa is a lipophilic yeast of the genus Malassezia and the common member of the skin flora. In concordance with some predisponing factors M. globosa is implicated in the pathogenesis of several skin diseases (pityriasis versicolor, malassezia foliculitis, seborheic dermatitis and some forms of atopic dermatitis). In immunocompromised patients and neonates this yeast can even cause fatal systemic infections. Because the role of Malassezia spp. In pathogenesis of skin disease is not still determined, we suggest laboratory diagnosis and identification of these species as a routine diagnostic procedure. PMID:15114787

Arsi?-Arsenijevi?, Valentina; Milobratovi?, Danica; Dzami?, Aleksandar; Mitrovi?, Sanja; Radonji?, Ivana; Petkovi?, Ljubica; Kranjci?-Zec, Ivana

247

Conducting an HIA of the effect of accession to the European Union on national agriculture and food policy in Slovenia  

SciTech Connect

A health impact assessment (HIA) to consider the potential effects of European Union accession on agriculture and food policies in Slovenia has been undertaken as a joint project between the Slovenian Ministry of Health and the WHO European Region. The HIA project in Slovenia was conducted as a pilot project to develop the methods of HIA in this policy sector. The implications of the European Union Agricultural Policy to health are discussed. HIA methods have been used to assess some of the potential effects in Slovenia of accession to the European Union. This paper outlines some of the early findings and lessons to be learnt from the Slovenian HIA experience in order that other countries may adopt the approach to improve health considerations in agriculture and other intersectoral policymaking.

Lock, Karen; Gabrijelcic-Blenkus, Mojca; Martuzzi, Marco; Otorepec, Peter; Kuhar, Ales; Robertson, Aileen; Wallace, Paul; Dora, Carlos; Zakotnic, Jozica Maucec

2004-02-01

248

Infant botulism: First two confirmed cases in Slovenia and literature review.  

PubMed

In Europe, infant botulism is a rare but probably under-diagnosed disease. With the intent to spread the awareness of this potentially life-threatening disease, we present a review of the literature with the emphasis on European epidemiology and a practical approach to diagnosis. We also report the first two confirmed cases of infant botulism in Slovenia and describe our way to the final diagnosis in a clinical setting where all appropriate diagnostic tests and treatment options are not readily available. The second case is particularly interesting, presenting with profound diarrhea following initial constipation, an unlikely symptom for an infant with botulism and possibly caused by Bacteroides fragilis. PMID:23707631

Radšel, Anja; Andlovic, Alenka; Neubauer, David; Osredkar, Damjan

2013-05-23

249

Application of kriging meteode the example Krupanj municipality, Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Application of kriging meteode the example Krupanj municipality, Serbia 1Veljko Perovic, 1Darko Jaramaz, 1Elmira Saljnikov, 1Dragan Cakmak, 2Ljubomir Zivotic, 1Vesna Mrvic, 1Ljiljana Kostic - Kravljanac 1 Institute of Soil Science, Belgrade 2 Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade keywords: kriging, geostatistics, layers The basic idea of geostatistics is the use of spatial coorelation under the spatial property which is analysed in order to improve its spatial interpolation. There is number of geostatistical methods for the interpolation of the spatial data. In the paper using of Kriging method, which belongs to the often used geostatistical techniques in cartography is discussed. Kriging as a method contains a number of techniques, such as: simple kriging, ordinary kriging, indicator kriging, universal kriging and disjunctive kriging. Kriging estimation is based on the use of data from the control points, which are assigned to the corresponding coefficients. Control points actually represent sampling sites with their characteristics. Area was explored us Krupanj, located in the western part of Serbia. Krupanj lies at 44 ° 21 '34 " latitude and 19 ° 21' 26" longitude. The area of 342 km2 was rfesearched where 800 samples of surface soil were taken for further analysis. The data obtained were proceeded to thematic maps (pH in nKCl, K2O, P2O5, and humus). During data processing we used the ArcGIS program and its extension Geostatistical Analyst. In a given extension the ordinary kriging with irregular arrangement of points was used. The technique of ordinary kriging assumes that the local mean value is not close or equal to the mean value of total nimber of sampling points. The estimation was made only based on the nearest sampling points. After the completion of the assessment in the selected grid, the determination of the predicted and actual error estimates, which convirms the reliability estimates and the spatial quality of the selected model was computed using the algotithm. Assessment must be impartial and made so that the variance of the difference between actual and estimated values in selected points of the smallest possible. The obtained two-dimensional maps created from the data of measuring points may overlap and analyzed with any other layer in a GIS environment, covering the investigated area. Furthermore, in a very simple manner, an existing map can be classified to the optimal number of classes depending on the desired level of separation of individual characteristics. Kriging is the optimal method of interpolation because it provides the best estimate of the unchanged values of parameter in analysed point, where interpolated values correspond to the values of parameters in the points with the performed measurements. The advantage of kriging method was allowed estimation of variance for each sampling location that is displayed on maps or diagrams with kriging errors reliability estimates. In pedologic heterogeneous region, kriging analysis can help identify causes of change and planning of optimal sampling schemes for the required degree of reliability of these estimates. Therefore this method can be recommended for assessment and mapping of unsampled regions.

Perovic, Veljko; Jaramaz, Darko; Saljnikov, Elmira; Cakmak, Dragan; Zivotic, Ljubomir; Mrvic, Vesna; Kostic-Kravljanac, Ljiljana

2010-05-01

250

Late Pleistocene voles (Arvicolinae, Rodentia) from the Baranica Cave (Serbia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Baranica is a cave system situated in the south-eastern part of Serbia, four kilometers south to Knjaževac, on the right bank of the Trgovi\\vski Timok. The investigations in Baranica were conducted from 1994 to 1997 by the Faculty of Philosophy from Belgrade and the National Museum of Knjaževac. Four geological layers of Quaternary age were recovered. The abundance of remains of both large and small mammals was noticed in the early phase of the research. In this paper, the remains of eight vole species are described: Arvicola terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758), Chionomys nivalis (Martins, 1842), Microtus (Microtus) arvalis (Pallas, 1778) and Microtus (Microtus) agrestis (Linnaeus, 1761), Microtus (Stenocranius) gregalis (Pallas, 1779), Microtus (Terricola) subterraneus (de Sélys-Longchamps, 1836), Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreber, 1780) and Lagurus lagurus (Pallas, 1773). Among them, steppe and open area inhabitants prevail. Based on the evolutionary level and dimensions of the Arvicola terrestris molars, as well as the overall characteristics of the fauna, it was concluded that the deposits were formed in the last glacial period of the Late Pleistocene. These conclusions are rather consistent with the absolute dating of large mammal bones (23.520 ą 110 B.P. for Layer 2 and 35.780 ą 320 B.P. for Layer 4).

Bogi?evi?, Katarina; Nenadi?, Draženko; Mihailovi?, Dušan

2012-02-01

251

Prenatal PCB Exposure and Thymus Size at Birth in Neonates in Eastern Slovakia  

PubMed Central

Background Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are ubiquitous environmental toxicants, for which animal studies demonstrate immunotoxic effects, including thymic atrophy and suppressed immune responses; human investigations of similar end points are sparse. The thymus is essential for the differentiation and maturation of T-cell lymphocytes. Objectives The objective of this study was to examine the association between prenatal PCB exposures and estimated thymus volume in infants from eastern Slovakia, a region where PCBs were produced until 1984. Methods Mothers were enrolled at delivery, and maternal blood samples were collected for analysis of 15 PCB congeners, p,p?-DDT [1,1,1-trichloro-2,2?-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethane], and p,p?-DDE [1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl)ethylene]. Each mother was interviewed to obtain information on sociodemographic characteristics, past pregnancies, occupational history, medication history, and living environment. Neonatal thymus volume was estimated using ultrasound measurements on the third or fourth day after birth. Thymic index was calculated on 982 newborns from mothers with PCB measurements. We developed a predictive model of the natural log of the thymic index using multiple linear regression with covariates selected from the bivariate analyses. Results Prenatal PCB exposure was associated with a smaller thymic index at birth [?= ?36 (natural log-transformed; nanograms per gram lipids); p = 0.047]. District of residence and delivery also predicted thymic index. Male sex, later gestational age, larger birth weight z-score, and Roma ethnicity were associated with a larger thymic index, whereas respiratory illness was associated with a lower thymic index. Conclusions This study provides the first evidence to date that PCB exposure in neonates is associated with a smaller thymic volume, suggesting possible impaired immunologic development.

Park, Hye-Youn; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Petrik, Jan; Palkovicova, Lubica; Kocan, Anton; Trnovec, Tomas

2008-01-01

252

Host specificity of microsporidia pathogenic to the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar (L.): field studies in Slovakia.  

PubMed

Several species of microsporidia are important chronic pathogens of Lymantria dispar in Europe but have never been recovered from North American gypsy moth populations. The major issue for their introduction into North American L. dispar populations is concern about their safety to native non-target insects. In this study, we evaluated the susceptibility of sympatric non-target Lepidoptera to two species of microsporidia, Nosema lymantriae and Vairimorpha disparis, isolated from European populations of L. dispar and applied in field plots in Slovakia. Application of ultra low volume sprays of the microsporidia maximized coverage of infective spores in a complex natural environment and, thus, exposure of non-target species to the pathogens. Of 653 non-target larvae collected from plots treated with V. disparis in 2002, 18 individual larvae representing nine species in four families were infected. These plots were monitored for two subsequent seasons and V. disparis was not recovered from non-target species. Of 2571 non-target larvae collected in N. lymantriae-treated sites, one larva was found to be infected. Both species of microsporidia, particularly N. lymantriae, appear to have a very narrow host range in the field, even when an inundative technique is used for their introduction. V. disparis infections in L. dispar exceeded 40% of recovered larvae in the treated study sites; infection rates were lower in sites sprayed with N. lymantriae. Several naturally-occurring pathogens were recorded from the non-target species. The most common pathogen, isolated from 21 species in eight families, was a microsporidium in the genus Cystosporogenes. PMID:20435042

Solter, Leellen F; Pilarska, Daniela K; McManus, Michael L; Zúbrik, Milan; Patocka, Jan; Huang, Wei-Fone; Novotný, Julius

2010-05-08

253

Preliminary business plan: District Heating Company for the city of Handlova, Slovakia  

SciTech Connect

The city of Handlova, Slovakia, needs to replace its district heating system, which is old, unreliable, and expensive to maintain. The current plant is owned by a state-run utility, the Slovensky Energeticky Podnik (SEP). The plan is to privatize the heating plant, acquire capital to rehabilitate the central plant (converting it to a cogeneration facility), install a new hot-water distribution system, and implement an extensive energy efficiency effort in the residential buildings on the system. System capacity is 100 MWt, with annual heat sales estimated to be 450,000 gigajoules per year (GJ/yr). The capital necessary for system improvements is estimated to be 465 million Slovakian Krowns (SK) (in 1997 price levels). The total market value of existing fixed assets that will survive the rehabilitation effort as part of the new systems is estimated at 342 million SK. There has been substantial analysis and preparation for this activity, which is documented in demand-side and supply-side technical and economic analyses, an integrated demand/supply report, and this preliminary business plan. The preparation includes investigation of ownership, management, and technology alternatives; estimation of the market value of existing assets and investment requirements; and forecasting of future cash flows. These preliminary projections indicate that the cost of heating from the new system will be reasonable from both a cost per unit of energy basis (SK/GJ) and, form the perspective of an apartment dweller in Handlova, on a total cost per year basis. Delivering heat at the projected cost will, however, require a substantial change in the way that the heating plant is run, with proportionally very large reductions in labor, operations and maintenance, and overhead charges. In addition, there will need to be significant revenues from the sale of electricity to the national grid.

NONE

1996-06-01

254

Prevalence of DFNB1 mutations among cochlear implant users in Slovakia and its clinical implications.  

PubMed

Hereditary etiology plays an important role in bilateral profound deafness as a main indication for cochlear implantation. Mutations in DFNB1 locus account for most of the inherited deafness cases in Caucasians. To provide actual data on mutation prevalence among implanted deaf subpopulation, we performed DNA analysis of GJB2 and GJB6 genes in 131 unrelated Slovak cochlear implant users. Eight previously described causal mutations and one probably pathogenic missense variant (c.127G>A) were detected in the GJB2 gene in 58 (44.28 %) subjects. The most common mutation found was c.35delG with frequency 83.02 % of all disease alleles, followed by c.71G>A, c.1-3201G>A, c.313_326del14, c.109G>A, 167delT, c.269T>C, and c.333_334delAA. GJB6 deletion delD13S1830 was identified in only one subject, in double heterozygosity with a GJB6 mutation. Thus, the deafness cause could be clearly attributable to DFNB1 mutations in 36.64 % of the patients examined. In summary, the mutation profile found in our cohort was similar to the mutation spectrum reported for Central European deaf populations. The mutation prevalence in cochlear implant users was, however, almost by 25 % higher than previously established for non-implanted hearing-impaired population in Slovakia. Finally, we also demonstrate a certain variability in deafness onset in patients with causal genotype and coincidence with other risk factors for deafness. Our results underline the importance of genetic tests in all cochlear implant candidates. PMID:23700267

Varga, L; Mašindová, I; Hu?ková, M; Kabátová, Z; Gašperíková, D; Klimeš, I; Profant, M

2013-05-23

255

ASSESSMENT OF THE INDOOR ENVIRONMENT AND IMPLICATIONS FOR HEALTH IN ROMA VILLAGES IN SLOVAKIA AND ROMANIA  

PubMed Central

SUMMARY Objectives The objective of this paper is to provide information on indoor air quality and on the quality of the broader indoor environment of the houses in Roma villages in Slovakia and Romania and to discuss possible implications for health. Methods Indoor air was sampled in 11 houses in a Romanian Roma village and in 19 houses in a Slovakian Roma village. Levels of Carbon Monoxide (CO), Carbon Dioxide (CO2), total particulate matter (PM), temperature and humidity were measured. A questionnaire and a checklist were used to obtain additional information on the indoor environment and behavioural factors. We have sampled the same houses in winter and in summer. Results Levels of CO and CO2 were higher in winter in both countries as compared to summer. The limit value of 10 mg/m3 CO was exceeded in a few cases in both countries. In general, levels of CO, CO2 and PM were higher in Romania. Further environmental and behavioural hazards such as indoor smoking, pets inside or lack of ventilation were found. The reported self-perceived quality of the indoor environment was poor in many aspects. Conclusions Our findings of CO, CO2 and PM levels suggest that indoor air pollution in Roma settlements has the potential to be a health threat. The fact that the inhabitants spend a relatively long time inside the houses and that a number of additional environmental and behavioural hazards were identified by our study emphasizes the importance of the indoor air quality for health and thus priority attention should be paid to these issues by health authorities and researchers. Further research is essential and study designs must consider cultural background and specific characteristics of the community, especially in order to obtain valid data on health outcomes.

Majdan, Marek; Coman, Alexandru; Gallova, Eva; Duricova, Janka; Kallayova, Daniela; Kvakova, Maria; Bosak, Lubos

2013-01-01

256

Focal Mechanisms of Dobra Voda Source Zone in the Male Karpaty Mts., Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Dobra Voda area is one of the most seismically active zones in the territory of Slovakia. In the 20th century, the most prominent earthquakes with the epicenters in Dobra Voda occurred in January 9, 1906, in January 16, 1906, and in March 13, 1930 with magnitudes of 5.7, 5.1 and 5.0, respectively. Since 1985, the seismic activity is monitored by a local seismic network installed in the area. Since 2004, the source zone is also monitored by the Slovak national seismic network. In this study, 18 microearthquakes which occurred in the period of 2002-2008 are analyzed. The microearthquakes were located using the Fasthypo program (Herrmann, 1979). The source area has been divided into three subareas related to local geological conditions: Dobra Voda area, Male Karpaty area, and Povazsky Inovec area. The depth of the hypocenters range from 5 to 13 km. The focal mechanisms of the microearthquakes were calculated by program FOCMEC (Snoke, 2003) using polarities of Pg and Pn phases of seismic waves. The program produced families of acceptable solutions. The optimum focal mechanisms were determined as an average solution for each event. As a result, 12 of the 18 analyzed microearthquakes have a similar strike-slip focal mechanism with a weak normal component. The P-axes of the focal mechanisms are in the azimuth of 20-50° NE, the T-axes of the focal mechanisms are in the azimuth of 140-170° SE. This indicates that tectonic stress in the region probably displays an inverse pattern compared with the regional middle-European tectonic stress (Mueller, 1992).

Fojtíková, L.; Vavry?uk, V.; Cipciar, A.; Madarás, J.

2009-04-01

257

General Mental Ability in South Asians: Data from Three Roma (Gypsy) Communities in Serbia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To examine whether the Roma (Gypsy) population of Serbia, like other South Asian population groups, average lower than Europeans on "g", the general factor of intelligence, we tested 323 16- to 66-year-olds (111 males; 212 females) in three different communities over a two-year-period on the Raven's Colored and/or Standard Progressive Matrices…

Rushton, J. Philippe; Cvorovic, Jelena; Bons, Trudy Ann

2007-01-01

258

THE INFLUENCE OF MARITAL STATUS ON EPIDEMIOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SUICIDES IN THE SOUTHEASTERN PART OF SERBIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

SUMMARY Background: The support of close persons is a protective factor in the suicide epidemiology. The aim of this paper is to determine if there are differences between epidemiological characteristics of the suicides committed by married people in relation to singles. Methods: In order to determine epidemiological characteristics of suicide among married and single people in the southeastern Serbia 628

Branislav Petrovi?; Maja Nikoli?

2009-01-01

259

Structure of vocational interests in Serbia: Evaluation of the spherical model  

Microsoft Academic Search

To explore the structure of vocational interests in Serbia, 1063 participants of various age, education and gender completed the Serbian version of the Personal Globe Inventory [PGI, Tracey, T. (2002). Personal Globe Inventory: Measurement of the spherical model of interests and competence beliefs. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 6, 113–172]. The fit of Tracey’s octagonal and spherical models to the structure

Vladimir Hedrih

2008-01-01

260

The art of making classes in Serbia: Another particular case of the possible  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents a construction of social space in Serbia using multiple correspondence analysis (MCA) on data from a 2005 national survey based on a probability sample of 1364 interviewees. We discuss the theoretical and methodological consequences of a different understanding of the principle of capital composition in comparison with Bourdieu's research practice. We argue that social capital should be

Predrag Cveti?anin; Mihaela Popescu

261

Whither the Bulldozer: Nonviolent Revolution and the Transition to Democracy in Serbia.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This report focuses on the largely nonviolent revolution that led to the removal of Yugoslav president Slobodan Milosevic from office and the rise to power of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS). Particular attention is paid to the role of nonviolen...

2001-01-01

262

Diverse Elements in Herbal Tea Products Consumed in Serbia Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nine elements (Fe, Cu, Mn, Zn, As, Cd, Sn, Hg and Pb) were determined in eight teas and twenty-five herbal teas widely consumed in Serbia for medical purposes. Green, black, peppermint, chamomile, cranberry, sage, rosehip, uva, senna, marigold and fennel teas were investigated. Microwave-assisted acid digestion was used for all of the samples, and the element contents were determined by

Slavica Razic; Vesna Kuntic

2011-01-01

263

Torrent floodplain mapping and torrent flood control in Serbia in the conditions of economic crisis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Serbia is a country that is endangered by flooding of the largest European river, the Danube and its largest tributaries, as well as by countless torrents. During the 19th and 20th centuries, an imposing scope of protection structures was constructed. The existence of the protection system created the conviction that flood protection was achieved and that it should only be

Z. Gavrilovic; M. Stefanovic

2009-01-01

264

The impact of educational reform and categorization of scientific journals and scientists on physics in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The trend of the increasing participation and importance of female physicists in Serbia continues. Many women have taken leading position in research and faculty governance and are contributing significantly to educational reform and the improvement of physics education in the primary and secondary schools.

Boži?, Mirjana; Davidovi?, Milena; Kapor, Agneš; Kneževi?, Dragica; Pavkov-Hrvojevi?, Milica; Pua?, Nevena; Savi?, Ilija; Stojanovi?, Maja; Markovi?-Topalovi?, Tatjana

2013-03-01

265

SWOT Analysis of Serbia and Montenegro’s Accession to the EU  

Microsoft Academic Search

The first generation of reforms in Serbia, especially in 2001–2002, was carried out “by the book” but the initial successful results blurred and concealed numerous problems that, especially in 2003, were becoming more evident and, finally, caused a delay in, and the blockade of, the further reform processes. It turned out that the political élite failed to reach a consensus

Jurij Bajec; Nikola Fabris; Jelena Galic; Svetlana Mitrovic; Marina Spasic

2004-01-01

266

The impact on civilians of the bombing of Kosovo and Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Before the 1999 bombing, Kosovo was among the poorest regions in Europe, with low scores on indices of health care. After the war, housing for much of the population is below even basically acceptable standards and health care is disrupted, with serious risk of epidemic diseases. Societal disintegration has led to high levels of stress. In Serbia, also a poor

Ulrich Gottstein

2000-01-01

267

Protection and Assistance to Victims of Human Trafficking in Serbia: Recent Developments  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper reviews recent developments in the system of protection, assistance and support of victims of human trafficking in Serbia. The establishment of the Agency for Co-ordination of Protection of Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings in 2003, the issuing of the Instruction on Conditions for Obtaining Temporary Residence Permit for Foreign Citizens — Victims of Trafficking in Human Beings

Biljana Simeunovic-Patic; Sanja Copic

2010-01-01

268

Religion, Politics and Gender in the Context of Nation-State Formation: the case of Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article argues that nationalism has connected religion with secular politics in Serbia but that their rapprochement has been a gradual process. In order to demonstrate the transition from a limited influence of religion on politics to a much tighter relationship between the two, this article discusses the abortion legislation reform and the introduction of religious education in public schools,

Rada Drezgi?

2010-01-01

269

Glacial morphology of Serbia, with comments on the Pleistocene Glaciation of Monte Negro, Macedonia and Albania  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cvijic was the first to collect evidence on the glacial morphology of the Balkans, at the end of the 19th century. He reported the existence of glacial features on the three highest mountains of Serbia, Prokletije, Sara and Koritnik. The most recent investigations have been carried out using remote sensing techniques supplemented by field observations. This approach has led to

Ljubomir Menkovic; Miroslav Markovic; Tomas Cupkovic; Radmila Pavlovic; Branislav Trivic; Nenad Banjac

2004-01-01

270

An ethnobotanical study on the usage of wild medicinal herbs from Kopaonik Mountain (Central Serbia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

An ethnobotanical survey was carried out on the territory of the highest mountain in Central Serbia, Kopaonik, which is characterized by great plant diversity. In total, 83 wild species from 41 families and 96 preparations for use in human therapy were recorded. Among those wild plants which are most commonly used for medicinal purposes, Hypericum perforatum L., Urtica dioica L.,

Snežana Jari?; Zorica Popovi?; Marina Ma?ukanovi?-Joci?; Lola Djurdjevi?; Miroslava Mijatovi?; Branko Karadži?; Miroslava Mitrovi?; Pavle Pavlovi?

2007-01-01

271

Evaluation of the impact of internal partitions on energy conservation for residential buildings in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Serbia, around 50% of energy is used in built environment and most of it for 6-month heating in residential buildings. Because of actual international efforts to protect environment, energy conservation in heating in residential buildings is an issue of permanent research interest. In this paper, we tried to determine how type of partitions inside a residential building influences energy

Milorad Boji?; Milan Despotovi?; Jovan Maleševi?; Dušan Sokovi?

2007-01-01

272

Modeling the process of evaluation of scientific research results in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Business processes modeling has become a trend in modern business. It helps to overcome the problems of complexity, misunderstandings of conducted activities and communication at all levels. This article presents AS-IS model of the process of evaluation of scientific research results in Serbia developed in WebSphere tool. Presented model has provided a better insight into the process and possibility to

O. Grljevic; A. M. Serdar; I. Horvat

2010-01-01

273

POSSIBILITIES OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT TO SMALL AND MEDIUM HOTEL COMPANIES IN SERBIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Small and medium hotel companies in the majority of developed tourist countries have dominant role in hotel industry. The same situation is with Serbia. An important precondition for successful business of a hotel is accepting and applying basic pillars of marketing concept i.e. satisfying needs and expectations of guests in order to achieve profit. Small hotel companies have specific problems

Dragoljub Barjaktarovic; Lidija Barjaktarovic

2010-01-01

274

Serbia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy. Updated April 12, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Serbia faces an important crossroads in its development. It is seeking to integrate into the European Union (EU), but its progress has been hindered by a failure to arrest remaining indicted war criminals and by tensions with the United States and many EU...

S. Woehrel

2010-01-01

275

Serbia: Current Issues and U.S. Policy. Updated January 21, 2010.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Serbia faces an important crossroads in its development. It is seeking to integrate into the European Union (EU), but its progress has been hindered by a failure to arrest remaining indicted war criminals and by tensions with the United States and many EU...

S. Woehrel

2010-01-01

276

Intelligence agencies and democratisation: Continuity and change in Serbia after Miloševi?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the reform of the Serbian intelligence agencies since the fall of Slobodan Miloševi? and argues that they are important actors in democratisation, with a powerful capacity to influence and frustrate the reform process. However, the Serbian experience demonstrates that the role of intelligence agencies in democratisation is complex. In Serbia, governance of the intelligence sector has been

Timothy Edmunds

2008-01-01

277

Estimation of the traffic accidents costs in Serbia by using dominant costs model  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents estimation of the traffic accident costs in Serbia, based on original dominant costs model. Dominant costs model uses human capital approach and this model is developed for simple and quick calculation of the traffic accidents costs, because other simple methods as 1 million rules, are not suitable for estimation of the traffic accident costs in the countries

Boris Anti?; Milan Vujani?; Krsto Lipovac; Dalibor Peši?

2011-01-01

278

Structure of Vocational Interests in Serbia: Evaluation of the Spherical Model  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|To explore the structure of vocational interests in Serbia, 1063 participants of various age, education and gender completed the Serbian version of the Personal Globe Inventory [PGI, Tracey, T. (2002). "Personal Globe Inventory: Measurement of the spherical model of interests and competence beliefs." "Journal of Vocational Behavior," 6, 113-172].…

Hedrih, Vladimir

2008-01-01

279

Essential oil composition of Hypericum L. species from Southeastern Serbia and their chemotaxonomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

The essential oils of the aerial parts of nine species of Hypericum (Hypericum barbatum, Hypericum hirsutum, Hypericum linarioides, Hypericum maculatum, Hypericum olympicum, Hypericum perforatum, Hypericum richeri, Hypericum rumeliacum and Hypericum tetrapterum), collected from different locations in Southeast Serbia, were obtained by steam distillation and analyzed by GC and GC–MS. The essential oils investigated were characterized by a high content of

Andrija Smelcerovic; Michael Spiteller; Axel Patrick Ligon; Zaklina Smelcerovic; Nils Raabe

2007-01-01

280

The Effects of Nutrition Education on 6th Graders Knowledge of Nutrition in Nine-Year Primary Schools in Slovenia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Incorporating nutrition topics in the primary school curricula should support the acquisition of nutrition knowledge in different ways and indirectly the development of healthy eating habits in children and teenagers. In Slovenia, nutrition education is part of all primary school education levels and may take the form of compulsory and/or…

Kostanjevec, Stojan; Jerman, Janez; Koch, Verena

2011-01-01

281

Gender Role and Religion as Predictors of Attitude Toward Abortion in Croatia, Slovenia, the Czech Republic, and the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

Since socialism’s decline, abortion has become a divisive political issue in East Central Europe, just as it is in the United States. Questionnaires administered to college students in Croatia, the Czech Republic, Slovenia, and the United States between 1991 and 1994 assessed the importance of religious identification, degree of religious feelings and participation, desired number of children, and gender role

Sally N. Wall; Irene Hanson Frieze; Anuška Ferligoj; Eva Jarošová; Daniela Pauknerová; Jasna Horvat; Nataša Šarlija

1999-01-01

282

Should Cross-border Services between Austria and Slovenia Still be Restricted? An Economic Assessment of the Existing Market Regulations  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2004 the Republic of Slovenia entered the European Union and, as a matter of principle, was guaranteed the four freedoms (free trans-national mobility of goods, services, capital and labour). From an economic viewpoint, this guarantee should provide the required institutional framework to maximise social benefits within the internal market. However, with respect to cross-border services a set of temporary

Thomas Döring; Birgit Aigner

2009-01-01

283

Influence of climatic factors on dynamics of questing Ixodes ricinus ticks in Slovenia.  

PubMed

Ixodes ricinus is a vector of pathogens that cause many diseases in Europe and Slovenia: tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), anaplasmosis, borreliosis, babesiosis and others. The risk for contracting these diseases depends strongly on the density of the infected questing ticks and many studies have investigated tick population dynamics and the parameters affecting them. They have shown a clear influence of climatic and landscape arrangements in the microhabitat on tick abundance and dynamics and therefore on transmission of pathogens important in human and veterinary medicine. In our study we assessed the influence of climatic factors on questing activity of ticks over a three-year period at 7 locations in Slovenia. Locations were selected in endemic foci of TBE with different intensity, which were identified according to the presence of human disease. Sites differ according to various abiotic and biotic factors, such as climate, amount of rain, height above sea level, vegetation and wildlife. All three stages of ticks were collected monthly over a three-year period (2005-2007). Temperature, humidity and precipitation data were collected for these years. The purpose of our study was to relate observed differences in I. ricinus ticks questing activity to local climate. We found a correlation between the decrease of questing ticks in the summer and the combination of air temperatures and humidity in the form of saturation deficit. PMID:19560275

Knap, Natasa; Durmisi, Emina; Saksida, Ana; Korva, Misa; Petrovec, Miroslav; Avsic-Zupanc, Tatjana

2009-06-11

284

[Epidemiology of myotonic dystrophy type 1 in the population of central Serbia].  

PubMed

The objective of this epidemiological survey was to estimate the frequency and distribution of Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (MD1) (Steinert's disease) in central Serbia, during the period 1983-2002. The data on the number of diagnosed MD1 patients were obtained using the analysis of hospital records, which were examined in all the relevant neurological institutions in central Serbia in the mentioned period. Incidence rate and prevalence were used for the data analysis. In the study period in central Serbia, 154 patients (78 males and 76 females) with MD1 were identified. The average annual incidence rate of MD1 was 1.3 (95% CI-confidence interval 0.1-7.2) per 1,000,000 population, 1.4/1,000,000 (95% CI 0.1-7.2) for males, 1.3/1,000,000 (95% CI 0.1-7.2) for females. The trend of MD1 incidence rates in the observed period in central Serbia had a tendency of the statistically significant decrease, according to the linear model, in both male (y = 0.205 - 0.0066x, p = 0.021) and female populations (y = 0.1788 - 0.0048x, p = 0.032). The prevalence of MD1 on December 31, 2002 in central Serbia was 3.8/100,000 (95% IP 3.2-4.6), 3.7/100,000 (95% IP 3.3 - 4.8) for males, 3.3/100,000 (95% IP 3.0 - 4.4) for females. PMID:15913042

Mladenovi?, Jelena; Pekmezovi?, Tatjana; Todorovi?, Slobodanka; Rakocevi?-Stojanovi?, Vidosava; Romac, Stanka; Apostolski, Slobodan

2005-05-01

285

New variants of European brown hare syndrome virus strains in free-ranging European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) from Slovakia.  

PubMed

Investigations regarding European brown hare syndrome virus (EBHSV) in European brown hares (Lepus europaeus) in Slovakia were undertaken in order to detect the possible presence of EBHSV and to evaluate its phylogenetic position. Liver and/or serum samples were obtained from 135 European brown hares shot by hunters in eight regional hunting areas. From 36 animals corresponding liver and serum samples were available; from the remaining 49 and 50 animals only liver or serum samples were examined, respectively. Samples were tested for antibodies against EBHSV and for viral RNA by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and RT-PCR products were subsequently sequenced. Additionally, matrilinear hare haplotypes were analyzed in order to detect potential familial susceptibility to EBHSV. Sixty-three of 86 sera contained antibodies against EBHSV, whereas 15 of 85 liver samples were PCR positive. Of the latter, 14 were sequenced, revealing three new strains of EBHSV. Fifteen different matrilinear haplotypes were identified, but no correlation was found between haplotype and susceptibility to EBHSV infection. Our findings confirmed the existence of EBHSV in Slovakia and reinforce the need for determining EBHSV status when importing hares for restocking. PMID:17347397

Frölich, Kai; Fickel, Jörns; Ludwig, Arne; Lieckfeldt, Dietmar; Streich, Wolf Jürgen; Jurcik, Rastislav; Slamecka, Jaroslav; Wibbelt, Gudrun

2007-01-01

286

Focal Mechanisms of Microearthquakes in the Dobra Voda Seismoactive Area in the Male Karpaty Mts., Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have analysed 44 microearthquakes with magnitudes between 1.2 and 3.4, which occurred in the Dobra Voda area, Slovakia, in the period 2001-2009. The epicentres of the microearthquakes form a cluster elongated in the ENE-WSW direction. This direction coincides with the orientation of the main fault systems in the area: Dobra Voda and Brezova faults. The depths of the hypocentres vary from 1 km to 14 km. Three different methods were used to calculate the focal mechanisms: (a) a method using the polarities of Pg and Pn waves, (b) the amplitude inversion of moment tensors, and (c) the waveform inversion of moment tensors. All three methods show similar results. The majority of the analysed microearthquakes have a similar left-lateral strike-slip focal mechanism with weak normal or reverse components. The moment tensors comprise significant non-double-couple (non-DC) components. The isotropic component (ISO) and the compensated linear vector dipole component (CLVD) are mostly positive and well correlated indicating that a significant part of the non-DC components probably originates in tensile faulting. Adopting the model of tensile faulting, we estimated the mean ratio of P to S wave velocities in the focal area from the values of ISO and CLVD, vP/vS = 1.5-1.6. The focal mechanisms have been inverted for the present-day tectonic stress in the Dobra Voda area. The slip shear stress component criterion was applied in the stress inversion. The orientations of the principal stresses are (azimuth/plunge): ?1 = 210-220°/5-25°, ?2 = 70-105°/55-75°, and ?3 = 305-315°/15-25°, and the shape ratio is R = 0.45-0.60. The azimuth is measured clockwise from the north and the plunge downwards from the horizontal plane. The local tectonic stress displays approximately an inverse pattern when compared with the regional middle-European tectonic stress and reflects complex tectonic conditions in the area. The presence of tensile faulting might point to an extensional stress regime in the area.

Vavrycuk, V.; Fojtikova, L.; Cipciar, A.; Madaras, J.

2009-12-01

287

Estimation of flash floods on Svacenický and Debernícky Creeks in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A significant problem in estimating the occurrence and magnitude of flash floods is the lack of measured data, particularly in small ungauged catchments. Spatially distributed hydrological models with a high spatial resolution of rainfall data and physiographical basin properties can be applied to decrease uncertainties in the flash floods estimating. In the paper a methodology for analysis of flash flood events in small basins based on the post-event surveying and hydrological modelling is tested. The flash floods selected occurred on the 6th of June, 2009, in the Svacenický and Debernícky Creek basins in Western Slovakia. The estimation of the maximum flood peak and flood wave volume in the Svacenický Creek was provided on the base of water level records from SHMI gauging station at the mouth of the Svacenický Creek and the post-event analysis after the flood event. The areas of channel's cross-profiles were measured for maximal water level, longitudinal slope of water level was approximated to the bottom slope and roughness was estimated according to the river banks and channel bottoms. Flow velocities were estimated using Chézy equation and Manning roughness coefficient. The reconstructed flood wave was compared with the simulated discharges using the hydrological event-based model KLEM. The distributed hydrological model KLEM is based on the availability of raster information of the landscape's topography, soil and vegetation properties, and radar rainfall data. The SCS-Curve Number procedure is applied on a grid for the spatially-distributed representation of runoff-generating processes, a description of the drainage system response is used for representing the runoff's routing. A digital elevation model as well as soil, geology, land use and rainfall data for the Svacenický Creek basin were prepared in the grid form (resolution of 20 m). The maps of isohyets in 15-minutes time step replaced the missing radar measurements as model inputs in this case. Comparison of the results achieved by the KLEM model and the post-event analysis in the Svacenický Creek showed the consistency of simulated and estimated discharges both in time and space. Subsequently, the optimised parameters of the KLEM model for the Svacenicky Creek basin were used for modelling the flash flood in the Debernícky Creek basin where no direct observations of water levels were available.

Hlav?ová, K.; Kohnová, S.; Jeneiová, K.; Horvát, O.; Blaškovi?ová, L.; Szolgay, J.

2012-04-01

288

Psychotropic medication use among elderly nursing home residents in Slovenia: cross-sectional study  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine the prevalence of psychotropic medication prescribing in elderly nursing home residents in Slovenia and to explore the residents’, physicians’, and nursing home characteristics associated with prescribing. Methods In a cross-sectional study, we collected the data for 2040 nursing home residents aged 65 years and older in 12 nursing homes in Slovenia between September 25 and November 30, 2006. Prescribed medications lists were retrieved from patients’ medical records. Psychotropic medications were coded according to Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classification 2005, which we adjusted for the purposes of the study. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the residents’, physicians’, and nursing home characteristics associated with prescribing. Results Residents were from 65 to 104 years old (median, 83 years) and 1606 (79%) of them were female. A total of 970 (48%) residents had dementia and 466 had depression (23%). In 1492 (73%) residents, at least one psychotropic medication was prescribed. Nine hundred sixty residents were prescribed hypnotics and sedatives (47%), 572 (28%) antipsychotics, 460 (23%) antidepressants, and 432 (21%) anxiolytics. Residents’ characteristics associated with psychotropic medication use were female sex (odds ratio [OR], 1.36; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.03-1.80), age (OR, 0.97; 95% CI, 0.95-0.98), permanent restlessness (OR, 2.54; 95% CI, 1.71-3.78), dementia (OR, 1.76; 95% CI, 1.33-2.34), depression (OR, 5.51; 95% CI, 3.50-7.58), and the number of prescribed medications (OR, 1.29; 95% CI, 1.23-1.35). Of physicians’ characteristics (sex, age, specialization in general practice, years of working experiences as a general practitioner, and years of experiences working in a nursing home), male sex was associated with psychotropic medication prescribing (OR, 1.80; 95% CI, 1.17-2.76). Conclusion Frequency of psychotropic medication prescribing in elderly nursing home residents in Slovenia is high and is comparable to Western European countries. Our next step should be optimizing the prescribing in patients with the highest prescription rate.

Petek Ster, Marija; Cedilnik Gorup, Eva

2011-01-01

289

Assessing and Mapping Drought Vulnerability in Agricultural Systems - A case Study for Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Drought is a recurrent meteorological phenomenon. During recent years there is a rising concern about the increasing frequency of droughts and the ecological, economic and social aspects of their impact, especially because of the possible correlations between droughts and climate change. In the past decade there were four severe agricultural droughts on the territory of Slovenia, which resulted in the damage of most of non-irrigated crops and considerable economic loss. To minimize the impact of such phenomena it is necessary to conduct a drought vulnerability assessment, which could help developing mitigation and adaptation strategies. Development of drought adaptation strategies is one of the core tasks of the Drought Management Centre for South-eastern Europe (DMCSEE). As a part of DMCSEE activities, we started with the pilot project for drought vulnerability assessment for Gori\\vska region in the western part of Slovenia in 2008 with the objective to identify principal impacts of drought and to develop a methodology for drought vulnerability assessment in agriculture. In 2009, we extended the vulnerability assessment area from our pilot region to the entire area of Slovenia. The significance of drought impact on agriculture was evaluated on a five-grade scale based on a number of criteria, which were used according to the availability of the data. We have used the available digital data for soil water-holding capacity, slope, solar radiation, land use and irrigation infrastructure. Vulnerability distributions were arranged according to administrative units - Graphical Units of Agricultural Land (GERK). In the present study, the evaluation grades were assigned subjectively, however, we are introducing objective tools and models to improve the evaluation. In the case of the assessment of the vulnerability of land use for certain types of crops in a specific GERK, we are using an irrigation scheduling model IRRFIB, which estimates water consumption by crops during their growing and ripening season. Geographical mapping was performed using Geographic Information System (GIS) software, which provides graphical presentation of the exposure of particular geographic areas to drought with spatial resolution of 100m in both longitude and latitude. The reliability of our vulnerability assessment model was checked through comparisons of its predictions to the data on agricultural damage in 2006, which were in good agreement.

Slejko, M.; Gregori?, G.; Bergant, K.; Stani?, S.

2010-09-01

290

Acid soils of western Serbia and their further acidification  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Acid soils cause many unfavorable soil characteristics from the plant nutrition point of view. Because of increased soil acidity the violation of buffering soil properties due to leaching of Ca and Mg ions is taking place that also can cause soil physical degradation via peptization of colloids. Together with increasing of soil acidity the content of mobile Al increases that can be toxic for plants. Easily available nutritive elements transforms into hardly avaialble froms. The process of deactivation is especially expressed for phosphorous that under such conditions forms non-soluble compounds with sesqui-oxides. From the other hand the higher solubility of some microelements (Zn and B) can cause their accelerated leaching from root zone and therefore, result in their deficiency for plant nutrition. Dangerous and toxic matters transforms into easly-available forms for plants, especially, Cd and Ni under the lower soil pH. The studied soil occupies 36675 hectare in the municipality of Krupan in Serbia, and are characterized with very unfavorable chemical properties: 26% of the territory belongs to the cathegory of very acidic, and 44 % belongs to the cathegory of acidic. The results showed that the soil of the territory of Krupan is limited for agricultural land use due to their high acidity. Beside the statement of negative soil properties determined by acidity, there is a necessity for determination of soil sensitivity for acidification processes toward soil protection from ecological aspect and its prevention from further acidification. Based on such data and categorization of soils it is possible to undertake proper measures for soil protection and melioration of the most endangered soil cover, where the economic aspect of these measures is very important. One of the methods of soil classification based on sensitivity for acidification classification the determination of soil categories is based on the values of soil CEC and pH in water. By combination of these two parameters the 16 categories for main three chemical processes are emerged: sensitivity for base losses, sensitivity for acidification process and sensitivity for Al-solubility. Based on the combination of these three sensitivity categories the total soil sensitivity for acidification was determined: - Upon soil sensitivity for base losses, the 5% belongs to the category that is highly subjected to losses, and 73% belongs to medium-sensitive category in the studied area. - Upon sensitivity on acidification, 88% of soils in Krupan region are weakly sensitive, while the rest 12% is sensitive, where only 0.5%is highly subject to acidification. - Upon sensitivity on solubility of Al, the 28% belongs to the category of highly risky, while 36% of the territory is not endangered. The very high sensitivity on acidification processes is detected on 5% of the total territory, while 74% belongs to medium sensitive category. Considering that in Krupan region about 50% of the territory is subject to acidification processes there is a necessity of melioration measures toward prevention of this process. Special attention should be given to the soils that are highly sensitive to overall acidification. Within those soils there should not be constructed industrial objects because of enhanced emissions of industrial gases rich in nitrogen and sulphur, as well as some other toxic microelements toward protection of the environment. Key Words: Soil acidity, mobile Al, CEC, acidificaiton

Mrvic, Vesna

2010-05-01

291

Low coverage and predictors of vaccination uptake against tick-borne encephalitis in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Background: Although vaccination against tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) was introduced in 1986, Slovenia remains one of the countries with the highest reported incidence rates. For exposed occupationally or during education/training, vaccination is reimbursed by employer or within mandatory health insurance, while others have to pay. Our aim was to obtain the first national estimate of self-reported uptake of vaccination against TBE in a probability sample of the general population aged ?15 years and identify predictors of self-paid vaccination uptake. Methods: Two questions on vaccination against TBE were added into the 2007 Slovenian version of European Health Interview Survey. We used multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify factors independently associated with self-paid TBE vaccination uptake. Results: The overall self-reported prevalence of TBE vaccination uptake was 12.4%, of which, due to occupational exposure 3.2%, exposure during education/training 2.3% and as military recruits 2.2%. Additional 4.6% individuals reported to be vaccinated due to ‘other reasons’ (self-paid). There were no gender differences among individuals who paid for vaccination (4.5 and 4.8%, respectively). Characteristics independently associated with higher odds for self-paid vaccination against TBE were high income, not being overweight and ever being vaccinated against influenza. Conclusion: To reduce TBE morbidity in Slovenia vaccination coverage of the general population should be increased. Offering vaccination within compulsory health insurance together with intensive vaccination promotion would increase the vaccination coverage and reduce the social inequality in access.

Klavs, Irena

2012-01-01

292

Trichinella infection in Serbia in the first decade of the twenty-first century.  

PubMed

In Serbia, infection with Trichinella spp. has been recognized as a human health and animal husbandry problem for almost a century. The rate of swine infection gradually decreased from 0.14% to 0.02% between 2001 and 2010. For the past 5 years, Trichinella infections among swine were detected at levels higher than 0.05% in 3 districts of Serbia while prevalence persisted at lower levels for the rest of the country. During this 10-year period, there were 2257 cases of human trichinellosis, including 3 deaths; however, a significant decrease in the number of cases was reported during the last 5 years (fewer than 200 cases per year). The fact that prevalence data presented here are similar to prevalence data from 1990 indicates that this period of 10 years was needed to overcome the re-emergence of Trichinella infection in swine and humans that occurred during the last decade of the previous century. PMID:23462255

Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Lj; Djordjevic, M; Plavsic, B; Grgic, B

2013-02-05

293

Effects of indoor air pollution on respiratory symptoms of non-smoking women in Ni?, Serbia  

PubMed Central

Rationale The aim of this study was to determine the effects of indoor air pollution exposure on respiratory symptoms and illnesses in non-smoking women in Niš, Serbia. Materials and methods The study was carried out in 1,082 never-smoking females, aged 20-40 years, who were not occupationally exposed to indoor air pollution. The prevalence of respiratory symptoms and illnesses was assessed using the American Thoracic Society questionnaires. Multivariate methods were used in the analysis. Results A strong association was found between respiratory symptoms and indoor air pollution. The associations between home dampness and sinusitis and bronchitis were also found to be statistically significant. Conclusions Indoor air pollution exposure is an important risk factor for respiratory symptoms and illnesses in non-smoking women in Niš, Serbia.

2011-01-01

294

Toxicity of metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, zoxamide and mancozeb to Phytophthora infestans isolates from Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study of the in vitro sensitivity of 12 isolates of Phytophthora infestans to metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, zoxamide and mancozeb, was conducted. The isolates derived from infected potato leaves collected at eight different localities in Serbia during 2005–2007. The widest range of EC50 values for mycelial growth of the isolates was recorded for metalaxyl. They varied from 0.3 to

Emil Rekanovi?; Ivana Poto?nik; Svetlana Milijaševi?-Mar?i?; Miloš Stepanovi?; Biljana Todorovi?; Milica Mihajlovi?

2012-01-01

295

Factors associated with intimate partner violence against women in Serbia: a cross-sectional study  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundThis study aimed to identify factors associated with intimate partner violence against women living in Belgrade, Serbia.MethodA cross-sectional, population based household survey was conducted in Belgrade as part of the WHO Multi-country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence, using a standard questionnaire. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with 1456 women aged 15–49 years. Data used in this study were from

Bosiljka Djikanovic; Henrica A F M Jansen; Stanislava Otasevic

2010-01-01

296

Political cleavages in Serbia: changes and continuities in structuring left–right orientations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examines the structuring of political attitudes in Serbia through the framework of the left–right schema. Using data from public opinion surveys taken during the 1990s and early 2000s, the impact of socio?demographic variables, economic interests, democratic support, social values, and nationalistic sentiments on respondents’ left–right orientations is analysed, as well as the relationship between left–right placements and support

Willy Jou

2010-01-01

297

Characteristics of the lithospheric mantle beneath East Serbia inferred from ultramafic xenoliths in Palaeogene basanites  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mantle xenoliths from Paleogene basanites of East Serbia were studied using EMP and LA-ICP-MS techniques in order to better understand mantle characteristics in this region. Five different mantle lithologies have been distinguished: a dunite\\/harzburgite\\/lherzolite (D\\/HZ\\/L) group, clinopyroxene-rich lherzolites (Cpx-L), clinopyroxene megacrysts (Cpx-M), spinel-rich olivine websterites (OWB 1) and spinel-poor olivine websterites (OWB 2). D\\/HZ\\/L xenoliths are the most common and

Vladica Cvetkovic; Hilary Downes; Dejan Prelevic; Milivoje Jovanovic; Marina Lazarov

2004-01-01

298

Susceptibility of peach GF 305 seedlings and selected herbaceous plants to plum pox virus isolates from western Slovakia.  

PubMed

The susceptibility of peach GF 305 seedlings and herbaceous plants to five plum pox virus (PPV) isolates from orchards of western Slovakia was investigated. PPV was isolated from diseased plum, apricot and peach trees, and transmitted by chip-budding to peach GF 305. The herbaceous plants were infected by mechanical inoculation. The transmission was analysed by symptomatology and double sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (DAS-ELISA). Infected peaches developed leaf distortion, tissue clearing along the veins and small chlorotic spots (isolate BOR-3). With exception of BOR-3, the PPV isolates transmitted from peach caused local chlorotic spots on Chenopodium foetidum. The character of symptoms changed when a sap from PPV-infected Nicotiana benthamiana was used as virus inoculum. From N. benthamiana, the PPV isolates could be transmitted to Pisum sativum, cv. Colmo (light green mosaic), N. clevelandii and N. clevelandii x N. glutinosa hybrid (latent infection or chlorotic spots). PMID:9607094

Glasa, M; Matisová, J; Hricovský, I; Kúdela, O

1997-12-01

299

Model of the porphyry copper and polymetallic vein family of deposits - Applications in Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania  

USGS Publications Warehouse

A tectonic model useful in estimating the occurrence of undiscovered porphyry copper and polymetallic vein systems has been developed. This model is based on the manner in which magmatic and hydrothermal fluids flow and are trapped in fault systems as far-field stress is released in tectonic strain features above subducting plates (e.g. strike-slip fault systems). The structural traps include preferred locations for stock emplacement and tensional-shear fault meshes within the step-overs that localize porphyry- and vein-style deposits. The application of the model is illustrated for the porphyry copper and polymetallic vein deposits in the Central Slovakian Volcanic Field, Slovakia; the Ma??tra Mountains, Hungary; and the Apuseni Mountains, Romania.

Drew, L. J.

2003-01-01

300

[Isolation and identification of Clamydia psittaci as the pathogen in enzootic abortion of sheep in eastern Slovakia].  

PubMed

Abortions in ewes occurred on a large scale in three localities in eastern Slovakia. Antibodies to the group-type ornithosis antigen were detected in titres of 1 : 128 to 1 : 2048 in the aborting ewes in the mentioned localities. Suspensions were prepared from the four samples of material, obtained either from the placentae and afterbirths of the aborting ewes or from the tissues of the aborted foetuses. Seven-day old yolk sacs of chicken embryos were infected with these suspensions. Four strains of Chlamydia psittaci were isolated and designated EPO-A2-uterus, EPO-B1 aborted foetus-lung, EPO-B2-aborted foetus-lung, EPO-B3-aborted foetus-spleen. Differential diagnosis eliminated some bacteria, toxoplasma, and parainfluenza-3 virus as possible agents responsible for the abortions. PMID:99861

Trávnicek, M; Urvölgyi, J; Sádecký, E; Balascák, J; Brezina, R; Kazár, J; Gazdic, J; Mitterpak, J

1978-08-01

301

Cartographic evidence of the disastrous ice flood of 1809 and its aftermath (Danube River, Slovakia).  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 18th and early 19th century river maps are important data sources for studying past landscapes. This is not only as a result of improved surveying techniques, but also because they depict landscape during probably the most important climatic and land-use changes since the Middle Ages. In this phase of the increased river activity during the last onset of the so-called Little Ice Age period, several major flood events occured. Local manuscript maps, which often depict the channel in major detail, help us to obtain a better understanding of their geomorphic and other impacts. The catastrophic ice flood, which occured on the Middle Danube river at the end of January 1809 was undoubtedly the most disastrous event of its kind in Slovakia, although it also hit a number of settlements in Lower Austria and Hungary. Several people drowned and the flood also resulted in great damage to settlements and livestock. Devastating effects of this flood particularly as to the towns of Bratislava and Komárno/Komárom were comparable with effects of disastrous floods of February 1830 in Vienna (Austria), March 1838 in Buda/Pest (Hungary) or 1845 flood in Prague (Czech Republic), respectively. In case of the present Slovakian capital Bratislava, on January 29, 1809, two ice barriers suddenly rose the water up to 10 m above the zero level and the river quickly overflowed its banks inundating the low-lying parts of the town. The flood blacked out communications with neighbouring regions. Record-breaking height of water led to breaches of the important right-bank embankment (constructed in 1770s). Through several openings water flooded the right bank, almost completely destroying the adjacent village of Petržalka/Engerau. The damage to Vienna highway levee was so massive that it only could be repaired 16 years later, in 1825-6 (although this was also due to Napoleonic wars). The flood also reactivated the Chorvátske rameno anabranch, 33 years after its abandonment. A number of local manuscript maps depict the river before and after this event. Combined with written literary reports, the maps allow us to describe the course, the devastating effects and the aftermath consequences of the 1809 flood precisely, particularly as to the territory of the city of Bratislava itself. Moreover, many of these maps comprise a wealth of information about flood in their detailed explanatory legends and remarks. The most important maps and plans are those currently deposited in the National Archives of Hungary (= maps from the collection of former Governing Council, the central supervisory authority of the Habsburgs for the Hungarian Kingdom), in the Municipial Archives of Bratislava and the Slovak National Archives, respectively. Effects of the 1809 ice flood, as evidenced by historical maps and plans, can be generally summarised as follows: a) direct destruction (by ice floes) or collapse of houses, bridges, buildings, boat mills, groynes and bank revetments b) heavy lateral erosion of the river channel during this single event (then referred to as „damage to banks") c) breaches of protective dikes d) formation of new water bodies - temporary lakes - created by spilled water on the landside of levees e) reactivation of upstream entrances of some side channels f) pronounced changes of flooplain configuration g) damage to floodplain forest. This research was supported by the Slovak Scientific Grant agency VEGA (Project N. 1/0362/09).

Pišút, P.

2009-04-01

302

Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative study  

PubMed Central

Objective To explore female and transvestite sex workers’ perceptions of risk in the sex work environment in Serbia. Design Qualitative interview study. Setting Street based locations for sex work in Belgrade and Pancevo, Serbia. Participants 31 female and transvestite sex workers. Results Violence, including police violence, was reported as a primary concern in relation to risk. Violence was linked to unprotected sex and the reduced capacity for avoiding sexual risk. Participants reported that coerced sex was routinely provided to the police in exchange for freedom from detainment, arrest, or fine, and was enforced by the perceived threat of violence, sometimes realised. Accounts contained multiple instances of physical and sexual assault, presented as abuses of police authority, and described policing as a form of moral punishment. This was largely through non-physical means but was also enforced through physical violence, especially towards transvestite and Roma sex workers, whose experience of police violence was reported as relentless and brutal and connected with broader social forces of discrimination in this setting, especially towards Roma. Conclusion Preventing violence towards sex workers, which can link with vulnerability to sexually transmitted infections, is a priority in Serbia. This requires monitoring perpetrators of violence, providing legal support to sex workers, and creating safer environments for sex work.

2008-01-01

303

Evaluation of the Ecochemical Status of the Danube in Serbia in Terms of Water Quality Parameters  

PubMed Central

The Danube is an international river passing partly through Serbia. The protection of the environment and sustainable use of water resources is a primary task that implies constant monitoring of the quality status and evaluation of ecochemical status of the water in the Danube basin. The investigation includes calculation of all-inclusive water quality by the Serbian water quality index (SWQI) method and an evaluation of eco-chemical status of the Danube water in terms of water quality parameters from the entry to the exit point along its course through Serbia in the year of 2009. The results show that the overall quality of the Danube water on the territory of Serbia corresponds to the descriptive indicator of “very good” water. According to the Council Directive75/440/EEC, the evaluation of the ecostatus, with slight deviation of individual parameters at Pan?evo, corresponds to A1 category of the surface water quality intended for the abstraction of drinking water supplies in member states.

Takic, Ljiljana; Mladenovic-Ranisavljevic, Ivana; Vukovic, Milovan; Mladenovic, Ilija

2012-01-01

304

Pancreatic cancer mortality in Serbia from 1991-2010 - a joinpoint analysis  

PubMed Central

Aim To analyze the trends of pancreatic cancer mortality in Serbia. Methods The study covered the population of Serbia in the period 1991 to 2010. Mortality trends were assessed by the joinpoint regression analysis by age and sex. Results Age-standardized mortality rates ranged from 5.93 to 8.57 per 100?000 in men and from 3.51 to 5.79 per 100?000 in women. Pancreatic cancer mortality in all age groups was higher among men than among women. It was continuously increasing since 1991 by 1.6% (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.1 to 2.0) yearly in men and by 2.2% (95% CI 1.7 to 2.7) yearly in women. Changes in mortality were not significant in younger age groups for both sexes. In older men (?55 years), mortality was increasing, although in age groups 70-74 and 80-84 the increase was not significant. In 65-69 years old men, the increase in mortality was significant only in the period 2004 to 2010. In ?50 years old women, mortality significantly increased from 1991 onward. In 75-79 years old women, a non-significant decrease in the period 1991 to 2000 was followed by a significant increase from 2000 to 2010. Conclusion Serbia is one of the countries with the highest pancreatic cancer mortality in the world, with increasing mortality trend in both sexes and in most age groups.

Ilic, Milena; Vlajinac, Hristina; Marinkovic, Jelena; Kocev, Nikola

2013-01-01

305

A case-study of complex gas–water–rock–pollutants interactions in shallow groundwater: Šalek Valley (Slovenia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The complex geochemical interactions in the groundwater of the industrial area of Šalek Valley (Slovenia) between natural\\u000a and anthropogenic fluids were studied by means of major (Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3\\u000a ?, Cl? and SO4\\u000a 2?) and trace elements’ (As , Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se and V) abundances, geochemical classification and statistical analysis\\u000a of data. Cation abundances indicate

Salvatore Giammanco; Barbara Justin; Natalija Speh; Marta Veder

2009-01-01

306

Macroinvertebrate communities of karst springs of two river catchments in the Southern Limestone Alps (the Julian Alps, NW Slovenia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The macroinvertebrate communities of 16 karst springs in the Southern Limestone Alps (Slovenia, SE Europe), were studied from\\u000a May to September 1999, together with the major chemical parameters of the water and selected physical characteristics of the\\u000a springs. The springs are located in an area of 800 km2, between 410 and 955 m a.s.l., and drain into two rivers whose catchments are separated

Nataša Mori; Anton Brancelj

2006-01-01

307

TRANSPLANTED EPIPHYTIC LICHENS AS BIOMONITORS OF AIR-CONTAMINATION BY NATURAL RADIONUCLIDES AROUND THE ZIROVSKI VRH URANIUM MINE, SLOVENIA  

Microsoft Academic Search

Samples ofHypogymnia physodeswere transplanted to the environment of the former uranium mine at Zirovski vrh, Slovenia, for two exposure experiments. The levels of the long-lived radionuclides,238U,226Ra and210Pb in lichen material were measured after 4 and 7 months in the first experiment, and 4, 8 and 12 months in the second, and compared with the levels in lichens growingin-situfrom the same

Z. JERAN; A. R. BYRNE; F. BATIC

1995-01-01

308

Distribution of 230Th in milling wastes from the Žirovski vrh uranium mine (Slovenia), and its radioecological implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thorium-230, together with 238U and 226Ra, was determined (mainly by ?-spectrometry) in samples from the waste piles at Bors?t and Jazbec in the vicinity of the former uranium mine at Žirovski vrh, Slovenia. Activity (and in the case of uranium, also mass) balances for these nuclides were constructed for the overall operation of the mine and yellow cake plant, using

Milko Križman; Anthony R. Byrne; Ljudmila Benedik

1995-01-01

309

Multidisciplinary work on barium contamination of the karstic upper Kupa River drainage basin (Croatia and Slovenia); calling for watershed management  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present work was designed as an extension of a previous study of a barium anomaly observed in stream sediments of the\\u000a Kupa River. In its upper part the Kupa River drains a region underlain by a trans-boundary aquifer. The river is a significant\\u000a water resource in a region of tourism, sport, and fishing in both Croatia and Slovenia. The

S. Fran?iškovi?-Bilinski; H. Bilinski; R. Grbac; J. Žuni?; M. Ne?emer; D. Hanžel

2007-01-01

310

Analysis of the causes and consequences of decreased antibiotic consumption over the last 5 years in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Methods: The data on outpatient antibiotic consumption were obtained from the Institute of Public Health and Health Insurance Institute of Slovenia and expressed in defined daily doses (DDD)\\/1000 inhabitant-days. The number of media publications on 'antibiotic drugs' and 'bacterial resistance' during the study period was obtained. In 2000, the prescription of co-amoxiclav and fluoroquinolones was restricted because of a constant

M. Cizman; T. Srovin; M. Pokorn; S. Cad Pecar; S. Battelino

2005-01-01

311

Meso-scale catchment sediment budgets: combining field surveys and modeling in the Dragonja catchment, SW Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we present a methodology to construct a sediment budget for meso-scale catchments. We combine extensive field surveys and expert knowledge of the catchment with a sediment delivery model. The meso-scale Mediterranean drainage basin of the Dragonja (91 km2), southwest Slovenia, was chosen as case study area. During the field surveys, sheet wash was observed on sloping agricultural

S. D. Keesstra; L. A. Bruijnzeel; J. van Huissteden

2009-01-01

312

Divergence of some socio-economic indicators between rural and urban areas in Slovakia Sociálno-ekonomické rozdiely medzi mestom a vidiekom na Slovensku  

Microsoft Academic Search

The article is dealing with the evaluation of socio-economic development in Slovakia from the point of view of urban and the rural regions in 1999-2005, based on analysis of regional socio-economic indicators. This development is characterised by deepening differentiation between the urban and rural districts in the demographic structure of populati- on, employment, unemployment, level of wages and salaries and

S. BUCHTA; Z. ŠTULRAJTER

2007-01-01

313

Pegmatitic Nb-Ta oxide minerals in alluvial placers from Limbach, Bratislava Massif, Western Carpathians, Slovakia: compositional variations and evolutionary trend  

Microsoft Academic Search

* Corresponding author Niobium-tantalum mineral assemblage of granitic pegmatite origin was found in alluvial placers near Limbach, the Bratislava granitic massif, Malé Karpaty Mountains, Central Western Carpathians, southwest Slovakia. The most wide- spread mineral is ferrocolumbite to ferrotantalite, rarely manganocolumbite to manganotantalite I (at. Mn\\/(Mn + Fe) = 0.17-0.52 and Ta\\/(Ta + Nb) = 0.19-0.70) shows primary magmatic, fine to

Pavel Uher; Peter ŽIt?an

2007-01-01

314

Magneto, and isotope stratigraphy around the Jurassic\\/Cretaceous boundary in the Vysoká Unit (Malé Karpaty Mountains, Slovakia): correlations and tectonic implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magneto- and isotope stratigraphic studies in the Vysoká Nappe (Hlboca section, Fatric Unit, Malé Karpaty Mts, Slovakia) were performed. A generally decreasing delta13C isotope curve is interpreted as a primary trend from the Late Oxfordian (3.3 0\\/00 V-PDB) to the Late Tithonian (1.8-1.4 0\\/00 V-PDB). Data from the Tithonian part of the Tegernsee Formation probably reflect \\

Jacek Grabowski; Jozef Michalík; Andrzej Pszczólkowski; Otília Lintnerová

2010-01-01

315

Volcaniclastic and sedimentary deposits in Late Oligocene/Early Miocene Smrekovec Volcanic Complex, northern Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Late Oligocene/Early Miocene volcanic activity in northern Slovenia is related to post-collisional accommodation of continental Apulian and oceanic European plates (von Blanckenburg and Davis, 1996). It occurred in one of small south-western marginal depressions of the Pannonian basin system, locally termed the Smrekovec Basin (Hanfland et al., 2004). Contemporaneous clastic sedimentation is evidenced by several hundred metres thick succession composed mainly of mudstone, siltstone and sand. Smrekovec Volcanic Complex (SVC) is an eroded and tectonically uplifted remain of a larger submarine stratovolcano edifice, built of lavas, shallow or subsurface intrusive bodies, and pyroclastic, hyaloclastic, syn-eruptively resedimented volcaniclastic and reworked volcaniclastic-sedimentary deposits (Kralj, 1996). The development of lithofacies of syn-eruptively resedimented deposits is controlled by the proximity to the ancient volcano summit and the volcano sloping. Moreover, close to the rising volcano edifice, distinct shallow-water environments with siliciclastic sedimentation developed. Syn-eruptively resedimented deposits are the most widespread and are related to volcaniclastic debris flows and volcaniclastic tubidity flows. Volcaniclastic debris flow deposits are subdivided into lithofacies Bx - polymict volcaniclastic breccia, and Bt - volcaniclastic tuff-breccia. Bx occurs as tabular, up to some ten metres thick bodies with abundant up to 5 dm large angular lava clasts and angular or rounded clasts of fine-grained tuff, and tuffaceous matrix. Bt forms basal, massive layers in fining-upward sequences. The main constituent is tuffaceous matrix; up to 1.5 dm large clasts of lavas and tuffs are subordinate. In a distance up to 2 km from the former volcano summit (proximal area), Bt predominates in the sequence lithofacies composition (~75 %), and attains a thickness of up to 4 m. At a distance of 2-4 km (distal area), a maximum Bt thickness rarely exceeds 5 dm, an average is 2 dm. Bt is overlain by the lithofacies of horizontally stratified coarse grained tuffs - Tv(h). The thickness ranges from 0.1-5 m.The main constituent are angular volcanic rock fragments of diverse composition, texture and stage of alteration. Thick layers may comprise up to 50 graded units, each 1-20 cm thick, which are united in mostly normally graded subsets and sets. Uppermost parts of the sequences are occupied by horizontally and vaguely laminated fine-grained tuffs, and massive fine grained tuffs, denoted as lithofacies F(h), F(v) and F(m), respectively. F(h) and F(v) attain a thickness of 1-5 dm, and F(m) a few mm to 25 cm. At a distance of about 2 km from the former volcano summit, volcaniclastic turbidity ash flow deposits alternate with reworked turbidite ash deposits and siliciclastic marine sediments. Lithofacies of massive (tuffaceous) sandstone - Sv(m), through-cross stratified tuffaceous sandstone - Sv(t) and massive mudstone - M were recognised. They contain detritial constituents (quartz, metamorphic minerals, illite), some layers are rich in organic matter and fossil remains. The succession indicates changing of depositional environment - from high-energy and influenced by wave action to restricted, low-enegy, lagoonal environment with intensive activity of biosphere. Hanfland, C., Läufer, A.L., Nebelsick, J.H., Mosbrugger, V. 2004: The Paleogene Smrekovec Basin and related volcanism (Slovenia): Sedimentology, Geochemistry, and Tectonic Evolution. N. Jb. Geol. Paläont. Abh., 77-125. Kralj, P., 1996: Lithofacies characteristics of the Smrekovec volcaniclastics, northern Slovenia. Geologija 39, 159-191. Von Blanckenburg, F., Davis, J. H., 1996: Feasibility of double slab break-off (Cretaceous and tertiary) during the Alpine convergence. Eclogae Geol. Helv. 89, 111-127.

Kralj, Polona

2010-05-01

316

Recent Improvement Of The Institutional Radioactive Waste Management System In Slovenia  

SciTech Connect

The task of managing institutional radioactive waste was assigned to the Slovenian National Agency for Radwaste Management by the Governmental Decree of May 1999. This task ranges from the collection of waste at users' premises to the storage in the Central Storage Facility in (CSF) and afterwards to the planned Low and Intermediate Level Waste (LILW) repository. By this Decree ARAO also became the operator of the CSF. The CSF has been in operation since 1986. Recent improvements of the institutional radioactive waste management system in Slovenia are presented in this paper. ARAO has been working on the reestablishment of institutional radioactive waste management since 1999. The Agency has managed to prepare the most important documents and carry out the basic activities required by the legislation to assure a safe and environmentally acceptable management of the institutional radioactive waste. With the aim to achieve a better organized operational system, ARAO took the advantage of the European Union Transition Facility (EU TF) financing support and applied for the project named 'Improvement of the management of institutional radioactive waste in Slovenia via the design and implementation of an Information Business System'. Through a public invitation for tenders one of the Slovenian largest software company gained the contract. Two international radwaste experts from Belgium were part of their project team. The optimization of the operational system has been carried out in 2007. The project was executed in ten months and it was divided into two phases. The first phase of the project was related with the detection of weaknesses and implementation of the necessary improvements in the current ARAO operational system. With the evaluation of the existing system, possible improvements were identified. In the second phase of the project the software system Information Business System (IBS) was developed and implemented by the group of IT experts. As a software development life-cycle methodology the Waterfall methodology was used. The reason for choosing this methodology lied in its simple approach: analyze the problem, design the solution, implement the code, test the code, integrate and deploy. ARAO's institutional radioactive waste management process was improved in the way that it is more efficient, better organized, allowing traceability and availability of all documents and operational procedures within the field of institutional radioactive waste. The tailored made IBS system links all activities of the institutional radioactive waste management process: collection, transportation, takeover, acceptance, storing, treatment, radiation protection, etc. into one management system. All existing and newly designed evidences, operational procedures and other documents can be searched and viewed via secured Internet access from different locations. (authors)

Sueiae, S.; Fabjan, M. [ARAO - Agency for Radwaste Management, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Hrastar, U.; Mali, T. [Hermes SoftLab, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Steinkuhler, C. [DDR Consult, Longueville (Belgium); Lenie, K. [Leniko, Antwerp (Belgium)

2008-07-01

317

Premature Mortality in Slovenia in Relation to Selected Biological, Socioeconomic, and Geographical Determinants  

PubMed Central

Aim To determine biological (sex and age), socioeconomic (marital status, education, and mother tongue) and geographical (region) factors connected with causes of death and lifespan (age at death, years-of-potential-life-lost, and mortality rate) in Slovenia in the 1990s. Methods In this population-based cross-sectional study, we analyzed all deaths in the 25-64 age group (N?=?14?816) in Slovenia in 1992, 1995, and 1998. Causes of death, classified into groups according to the 10th revision of International Classification of Diseases, were linked to the data on the deceased from the 1991 Census. Stratified contingency-table analyses were performed. Years-of-potential-life-lost (YPLL) were calculated on the basis of population life-tables stratified by region and linearly modeled by the characteristics of the deceased. Poisson regression was applied to test the differences in mortality rate. Results Across all socioeconomic strata, men died at younger age than women (index of excess mortality in men exceeded 200 for all studied years) and from different prevailing causes (injuries in men aged <45 years; neoplasms in women aged >35 years). For men, higher education was associated with fewer deaths from digestive and respiratory system diseases. The least educated women died relatively often from circulatory diseases, but rarely from neoplasms. Single people died from neoplasms less often. Marriage in comparison with divorce reduced the mortality rate by 1.9-fold in both men and women (P<0.001). Mortality rate in both men and women decreased with increasing education level (P<0.001). Mortality rate of ethnic Slovenians was half the mortality rate of ethnic minority members and immigrants (P<0.001). Analysis of YPLL revealed limited and nonlinear impact of education level on premature mortality. The share of neoplasms was the highest in the cluster of socioeconomically prosperous regions, whereas the share of circulatory diseases was increased in poorer regions. Significant differences were found between individual regions in age at death and mortality rate, and the differences decreased over the studied period. Conclusion These data may aid in understanding the nature, prevalence and consequences of mortality as related to socioeconomic inequalities, and thus serve as a basis for setting health and social policy goals and planning health measures.

Artnik, Barbara; Vidmar, Gaj; Javornik, Jana; Laaser, Ulrich

2006-01-01

318

Study of pulmonary functions of the tourist guides in two show caves in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Park Škocjan Caves is located in South Eastern part of Slovenia. It was established with aim of conserving and protecting exceptional geomorphological, geological and hydrological outstanding features, rare and endangered plant and animal species, paleontological and archaeological sites, ethnological and architectural characteristics and cultural landscape and for the purpose of ensuring opportunities for suitable development, by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia in 1996. Due to their exceptional significance for cultural and natural heritage, the Škocjan Caves were entered on UNESCO's list of natural and cultural world heritage sites in 1986. Caves have always been special places for people all over the world. There has been a lot of research done in the field of speleology and also in medicine in relation to speleotherapy. There is still one field left partial unexplored and its main issue covers the interaction between special ecosystems as caves and human activities and living. Implementing the Slovene legislation in the field of radiation protection, we are obligated to perform special measurements in the caves and also having our guides and workers in the caves regularly examined according to established procedure. The medical exams are performed at Institution of Occupational Safety, Ljubljana in order to monitor the influence of Radon to the workers in the cave. The issue of epidemiologic research encompass several factors that are not necessarily related to the radon. Park Škocjan Caves established research monitoring projects such as caves microclimate parameters, quality of the water, every day's data from our meteorological station useful tool in public awareness related to pollution and climate change. Last year a special study was started in order to evaluate pulmonary functions of persons who work in the caves and those who work mostly in offices. Two groups of tourist guides from Škocjan Caves and Postojna Cave were included in the study. The promising results will highlight the need of medical survey of people working in the caves and help managers of the caves to adopt reactive management process. In order to facilitate decision process related to protection of people and caves environment, special recommendation in form of index of environment's use will be proposed after the study.

Debevec Gerjevic, V.; Jovanovi?, P.

2009-04-01

319

Development of the distributed hydrological model FRIER for modelling and forecasting runoff in mountainous basins in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The spatially distributed rainfall-runoff model FRIER (Horvát, 2006) developed at the Slovak University of Technology is based on the structure of the physically-based WetSpa model which was originally developed by Wang et al. (1997) and adapted for flood prediction by De Smedt et al. (2000) and Liu et al. (2003). Several of model's components were changed in order to make it more appropriate for modelling and forecasting runoff from rainfall and snowmelt in selected basins of the High Core Mountains of Slovakia. The applicability of the conceptualization of runoff generation in this model has proved under various physiographic conditions in Slovakia, e.g. in the Hron, Hornad and Torysa River basins and within the framework of the Tisza River Project. The FREIR rainfall-runoff model divides basins into uniform spatial units on a grid scale, in which the hydrological balance and the runoff simulation are calculated up to the basin's outlet. Several methods, classifications and determinations of many hydrologic processes and parameters are included in the model. The individual components of the hydrological balance are liquid and solid precipitation, interception, soil moisture, infiltration, actual evapotranspiration, surface runoff, interflow in the root zone, percolation into the groundwater, groundwater runoff and production of a groundwater recharge in the saturated zone. Transformation of the surface runoff in the catchment is simulated by approximating a diffusive wave model using geometric and hydraulic characteristics of hillslopes and of the stream network. Routing parameters are generated from input layers of a digital elevation model and a type of land use. The model is executed as an ArcView GIS extension, and the whole preparation of the spatial distributed data is linked to the GIS interface. The hydrological and climatic data are daily or hourly precipitation totals and mean daily or hourly values of air temperature. Besides of the large number of physically-based parameters derived from the physiographic properties of the catchment, the model requires 12 calibrated "global" parameters which are not spatially distributed and which are constant for all cells of the basin.

Horvat, O.; Hlavcova, K.; Szolgay, J.; Kohnova, S.; Danko, M.

2009-04-01

320

Modelling rainfall interception by deciduous forest in the Dragonja experimental catchment, Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

With the return of the forest in the upper Dragonja catchment in SW Slovenia as a result of depopulation in the last three decades of the previous century, minimum and maximum annual flows have reduced. The average annual flows have reduced for 35%. The number of days with extremly law flow rates have increased for 30%. At the same time there haven't been any noticable changes in temperature or rainfall regime. These hydrological changes are contrary to the widely perceived benign effects of forests on streamflow. Detailed measurements of rainfall interception have been started in autumn 2000 on two plots of deciduous forest of contrasting stature to research the influence of natural reforestation on water balance. Analyses of measurements and results of Gash models of the interception losses show that average annual wet canopy evaporation corresponded to 25--28% of incident rainfall, whereas throughfall and stemflow accounted for 67--72% and 2,9--4,5%, respectively. The most sensitive parameter in the models is shown to be the evaporation rate of the intercepted water. The use of wet evaporation rate based on the Penman-Monteith equation results in underestimated interception losses as estimated by measurements. An important role of the south wind from the sea by evaporation was established.

Sraj, M.; Brilly, M.; Stravs, L.

2003-04-01

321

Attitudes to Illness and Use of Health Services by Economic Immigrants in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Aim To analyze the attitudes of immigrants from former Yugoslav republics to Slovenia toward illness, concerns about and perception of health status, and factors that influence their use of health services for the prevention and treatment of illness. Methods We used a qualitative approach, employing the ETHNIC (Explain, Treatment, Healers, Negotiation, Intervention, Collaboration) questionnaire. We analyzed data from interviews with 27 economic immigrants who consecutively came to a general practice office from May 15 to August 15, 2005. Results Qualitative analysis of the interview showed that health problems were largely understood as consequences of hard work, poor working and housing conditions, and stress. Fear of disability and concern about financial support for their family were important factors why they sought medical help. There were many financial and housing obstacles to leading a healthy lifestyle and following doctors’ advice. Inadequate communication with health care professionals was also mentioned. Coworkers were an important source of support, whereas the worker-employer relation appeared to be a negative factor. Conclusion Identifying factors that influence health care utilization and attitudes about illness is a first step toward improving health care among immigrants. Improving the sanitary and hygienic aspects of their lives and becoming familiar with their basic health problems will improve quality of treatment at the primary care level.

Rotar Pavlic, Danica; Brovc, Majda; Svab, Igor; Ahcin, Janja; Slajpah, Marinka

2007-01-01

322

Natural revegetation in the vicinity of the former lead smelter in Zerjav, Slovenia.  

PubMed

The response of plant communities to pollution associated with the lead smelter in Zerjav, Slovenia, was investigated on spatial and temporal scales. In 2001, the total concentrations of contaminating metals in the soil measured at the most polluted plot were 59000 mg kg(-1) Pb, 180 mg kg(-1) Cd, and 3300 mg kg(-1) Zn. A negative correlation between the concentration of metals in the soil and plant biodiversity parameters along the gradient of pollution in 2001 was detected. Plant species lists were compiled in 2001 for plots located at different distances from the emission source and compared to that of 1981. In the period from 1981 to 2001, smelter emissions were reduced, and plant species richness increased at all examined plots. Among the successful survivals were some metal hyperaccumulators (Minuartia gerardii, Thlaspi praecox, and Biscutella laevigata). Of special interest were plants that survived the period of highest pollution. We believe that these species can be used in metal-degraded environments for natural revegetation to immobilize heavy metals. The ecosystem in the surroundings of the former smelter is presently recovering. Our results suggest that high metal concentrations in soil are a potential limiting factor for revegetation. PMID:16856725

Vidic, Tatjana; Jogan, Nejc; Drobne, Damjana; Vilhar, Barbara

2006-07-01

323

Systematic indoor radon and gamma measurements in kindergartens and play schools in Slovenia.  

PubMed

Systematic measurements of indoor radon concentrations and gamma dose rates were carried out in the 730 kindergartens and play schools in Slovenia that, together, care for 65,600 children. The main method for indoor radon measurement was direct sampling in alpha scintillation cells, but in cases with an increased instantaneous radon concentration, the additional methods of track-etch detectors and alpha spectroscopy were applied. In 528 kindergartens and play schools (72%), radon concentrations were below 100 Bq m-3, with a geometric mean of 58 Bq m-3. In 16 kindergartens and play schools (2.2%), radon concentrations exceeded 800 Bq m-3. In all cases, the main reason for a high indoor radon concentration was the geological structure of the soil. Gamma dose rates were measured with a portable scintillation counter, but in the Ljubljana region thermoluminescence dosimeters were also exposed. The results ranged from 30 to 295 nGy h-1, with a geometric mean of 88 nGy h-1. PMID:8175362

Vaupotic, J; Krizman, M; Planini?, J; Pezdic, J; Adamic, K; Stegnar, P; Kobal, I

1994-05-01

324

Gap Dynamics and Structure of Two Old-Growth Beech Forest Remnants in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Context Due to a long history of intensive forest exploitation, few European beech (Fagus sylvatica L.) old-growth forests have been preserved in Europe. Material and Methods We studied two beech forest reserves in southern Slovenia. We examined the structural characteristics of the two forest reserves based on data from sample plots and complete inventory obtained from four previous forest management plans. To gain a better understanding of disturbance dynamics, we used aerial imagery to study the characteristics of canopy gaps over an 11-year period in the Kopa forest reserve and a 20-year period in the Gorjanci forest reserve. Results The results suggest that these forests are structurally heterogeneous over small spatial scales. Gap size analysis showed that gaps smaller than 500 m2 are the dominant driving force of stand development. The percentage of forest area in canopy gaps ranged from 3.2 to 4.5% in the Kopa forest reserve and from 9.1 to 10.6% in the Gorjanci forest reserve. These forests exhibit relatively high annual rates of coverage by newly established (0.15 and 0.25%) and closed (0.08 and 0.16%) canopy gaps. New gap formation is dependant on senescent trees located throughout the reserve. Conclusion We conclude that these stands are not even-sized, but rather unevenly structured. This is due to the fact that the disturbance regime is characterized by low intensity, small-scale disturbances.

Rugani, Tihomir; Diaci, Jurij; Hladnik, David

2013-01-01

325

Hydrological analysis of high waters and flash floods occurred in September 2007 in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heavy and intense precipitation which fell in just a few hours across the western, north-western and northern Slovenia on 18 September 2007, caused quick rise of river discharges especially in the region of Baška grapa, Dav?a, the Cerkljansko and Škofja Loka hills. In that area the streams caused huge destruction on infrastructure, homes, business buildings and other property. More than 300 mm of rain was recorded on some precipitation measurement stations. The return period of the highest precipitation was more than 100 years. The amount of precipitation decreased from the west to the east of the country where above 100 mm of precipitation was recorded and torrential streams and rivers flooded in the region of Karavanke and foothills of the Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Kranj and Domžale fields, the Tuhinj valley and extensive Celje region. Observed discharges of streams and rivers on the most affected area exceeded periodical maximum discharges. The simulation of flood hydrograph for Železniki was done by HEC-1 model. The return period of floods was more than 100 years. Besides flooding many landslides were triggered. The result of this catastrophe was enormous economic damage and loss of six people's lives.

Kobold, M.; Sušnik, M.; Robi?, M.; Ulaga, F.; Lali?, B.

2008-11-01

326

Distribution of hydrogen, oxygen and carbon isotopes in the atmosphere of Croatia and Slovenia.  

PubMed

Monitoring of isotope distribution in the atmosphere included isotopes 2H, 3H and 18O in precipitation, and 13C and 14C in atmospheric CO2. This paper presents the results of atmospheric monitoring over Croatia and Slovenia overt the last few years. Monthly precipitations in Zagreb and Ljubljana had been collected since 1976 and 1981, respectively. Between 2000 and 2003 monitoring also included seven stations along the Adriatic coast. Tritium activity in precipitation shows seasonal variations that were most pronounced inland (at the continental stations Zagreb and Ljubljana) and were the smallest in the south Adriatic (Komiza and Dubrovnik). Mean annual tritium activity decreases from the north to the south Adriatic coast. Seasonal variations in delta2H and delta18O in precipitation follow the temperature variations at the sampling stations. Atmospheric CO2 was collected in Zagreb and Plitvice as a composite monthly sample. Both delta14C and delta13C showed seasonal variations. The mean annual 14C activities in Zagreb had been decreasing after the peak reached in the 1960s, and for the last three years the mean 14C activity (delta14C) remained about 30 per thousand. PMID:16605163

Krajcar, Broni? Ines; Vreca, Polona; Horvatinci?, Nada; Baresi?, Jadranka; Obeli?, Bogomil

2006-03-01

327

Soil fertility status and spatial distribution of selected trace elements in south-western Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Soil fertility status and spatial distribution of selected trace elements in south-western Serbia V. Mrvic, Lj. Kostic-Kravljanac, D. ?akmak, R. Pivi?, E. Saljnikov, M. Nikoloski, V. Perovi? Institute of Soil Science, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia (vesnavmrvic@yahoo.com) Main characteristic of surface soil layer (pH in KCl, humus, available P and K), and content of trace elements (Ni, Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, As, Hg) were analysed on area of southwestern Serbia, covering total 959 000 ha (one sample represents 1000 ha) . About 30 % of samples have very acid reaction. Main portion of soil samples (86%) is poorly suplied with available phosphorus (<8 mg/100g), and these are located under forests, meadows, pastures and orchards. Supplies of available potasium and humus are well. On the other hand, in small number of soil samples (4%), mostly on fertile alluvial soils, there are high P and K concentration, which are consequence of inadequate usage of mineral fertilizers. Content of trace elements in 70 % of soil samples is bellow maximum allowed concentration (MAC). The most frequente potential pollutants are Cr and Ni, which is assosiated with mafic and ultramafic rocks, which are common in this region (mountains naerby river Ibar - Troglav, Stolovi, ?emerno, Željin, Golija, Kopaonik; near Sjenica- peridotites of mn. Ozren). There are dominace of Eutric Leptosols soil type, with Ni content above 100 mg/kg, and in some samples above 1000 mg/kg. In smaller number of samples arsenic and lead exceed MAC, while other elements exceed MAD very rarelly. There are elevated Pb content in Kopaonik mountain area, and elevated As content besides this region, are in mine zone of Golija and Cemerno. These are mountain soils formed on acid igneous and metamorphic rocks, which are enriched with ores of Pb, Zn and other elements. Eventually negative influences of these elements on plants and other components of ecosystem may be esstimated only after detalied investigation.

Mrvic, Vesna; Kostic-Kravljanac, Ljiljana; Cakmak, Dragan; Pivic, Radmila; Saljnikov, Elmira; Nikoloski, Mile; Perovic, Veljko

2010-05-01

328

Skeletal Manifestations of Hydatid Disease in Serbia: Demographic Distribution, Site Involvement, Radiological Findings, and Complications  

PubMed Central

Although Serbia is recognized as an endemic country for echinococcosis, no information about precise incidence in humans has been available. The aim of this study was to investigate the skeletal manifestations of hydatid disease in Serbia. This retrospective study was conducted by reviewing the medical database of Institute for Pathology (Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade), a reference institution for bone pathology in Serbia. We reported a total of 41 patients with bone cystic echinococcosis (CE) during the study period. The mean age of 41 patients was 40.9ą18.8 years. In 39% of patients, the fracture line was the only visible radiological sign, followed by cyst and tumefaction. The spine was the most commonly involved skeletal site (55.8%), followed by the femur (18.6%), pelvis (13.9%), humerus (7.0%), rib (2.3%), and tibia (2.3%). Pain was the symptom in 41.5% of patients, while some patients demonstrated complications such as paraplegia (22.0%), pathologic fracture (48.8%), and scoliosis (9.8%). The pathological fracture most frequently affected the spine (75.0%) followed by the femur (20.0%) and tibia (5.0%). However, 19.5% of patients didn't develop any complication or symptom. In this study, we showed that bone CE is not uncommon in Serbian population. As reported in the literature, therapy of bone CE is controversial and its results are poor. In order to improve the therapy outcome, early diagnosis, before symptoms and complications occur, can be contributive.

Bracanovic, Djurdja; Sopta, Jelena; Djonic, Danijela; Lujic, Nenad

2013-01-01

329

Skeletal manifestations of hydatid disease in serbia: demographic distribution, site involvement, radiological findings, and complications.  

PubMed

Although Serbia is recognized as an endemic country for echinococcosis, no information about precise incidence in humans has been available. The aim of this study was to investigate the skeletal manifestations of hydatid disease in Serbia. This retrospective study was conducted by reviewing the medical database of Institute for Pathology (Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade), a reference institution for bone pathology in Serbia. We reported a total of 41 patients with bone cystic echinococcosis (CE) during the study period. The mean age of 41 patients was 40.9ą18.8 years. In 39% of patients, the fracture line was the only visible radiological sign, followed by cyst and tumefaction. The spine was the most commonly involved skeletal site (55.8%), followed by the femur (18.6%), pelvis (13.9%), humerus (7.0%), rib (2.3%), and tibia (2.3%). Pain was the symptom in 41.5% of patients, while some patients demonstrated complications such as paraplegia (22.0%), pathologic fracture (48.8%), and scoliosis (9.8%). The pathological fracture most frequently affected the spine (75.0%) followed by the femur (20.0%) and tibia (5.0%). However, 19.5% of patients didn't develop any complication or symptom. In this study, we showed that bone CE is not uncommon in Serbian population. As reported in the literature, therapy of bone CE is controversial and its results are poor. In order to improve the therapy outcome, early diagnosis, before symptoms and complications occur, can be contributive. PMID:24039289

Bracanovic, Djurdja; Djuric, Marija; Sopta, Jelena; Djonic, Danijela; Lujic, Nenad

2013-08-30

330

Clinical pattern of ocular toxoplasmosis treated in a referral centre in Serbia  

PubMed Central

Purpose To analyze the clinical pattern of ocular toxoplasmosis (OT) in a referral centre in Serbia. Patients and methods The medical records of consecutive patients admitted for OT to the single referral centre for uveitis in Serbia between 2006 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. OT was diagnosed on the basis of typical fundus lesions and positive serology for Toxoplasma. Results In a total of 457 uveitis patients, OT was the third leading cause, with 59 patients (12.9%). Most OT cases (73%) were monocular. An active primary retinal lesion was observed in 36% and recurrent OT in 64% patients. Localization of lesions was central/paracentral (44%), juxtapapillar (27%), peripheral (19%), and multifocal (10%). Other ocular manifestations of inflammation included vitritis (44%), anterior uveitis (19%), and retinal vasculitis (10%). Complications included choroidal neovascularization in two and exudative retinal detachment with cataract, glaucoma, and cystoid macular oedema in one patient each. The detection of Toxoplasma-specific IgM antibodies in a single patient indicates a low rate of OT concomitant with acute infection. After treatment, the mean best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) increased significantly. However, 14 (24%) patients ended up legally blind in the affected eye, of which 2 (3%) with bilateral blindness, all with a very poor BCVA (0.047ą0.055) at presentation. Visual impairment and treatment outcome were both associated with central localization of lesions (P<0.0001 and P=0.006, respectively). Conclusion OT is a significant cause of posterior uveitis in Serbia. Patients should be aware of the recurring nature of OT and react immediately if symptoms occur.

Kovacevic-Pavicevic, D; Radosavljevic, A; Ilic, A; Kovacevic, I; Djurkovic-Djakovic, O

2012-01-01

331

Monitoring of aphid flight activities in seed potato crops in Serbia  

PubMed Central

Abstract Aphid flight activities in seed potato fields have been studied by the yellow water traps. It is a good method for monitoring aphids as vectors of viruses, but this study also showed it is a suitable method for insect-diversity research. During the four-year studies, over 11.500 specimens were collected and a total of 107 different taxa of aphids were identified. The most abundant species were polyphagous species, such as: Acyrthosiphon pisum (Haris), Aphis fabae Scopoli, Aphis gossypii Gloverand Brachycaudus helichrysi (Kaltenbach). The results of the studies show that diversity of aphids in different regions of Serbia is similar regardless of the altitude and the diversity of terrain. At most sites it ranged from 2 to 3. The highest value was recorded in Bege?, locality in northern part of Serbia, in year 2008, and it was 2.92. The maximum values of the Shannon-Weaver diversity index at all sites were recorded in the first weeks of the monitoring of aphid flight activities. Morisita-Horn similarity index shows no significant differences between sites regardless of altitudes. The sites are grouped by year, not by similarity of relief. In spite of these results, the Chi-square analysis showed highly significant difference in vector frequencies among seasons and sites with more pronounced differences for PVY. As a consequence of differences in vector frequencies, the vector pressure index in some regions was different also. The number of vectors and vector pressure index vary depending on the altitude of localities. At localities at altitudes under 1000 m, they were high. The highest index was at Kotraža, locality in central part of Serbia, in 2007, when PVY index exceeded the value of 180, while for PLRV it was 60. At high altitudes on mountain Golija, above 1100 m, the number of aphids was low, as well as the vector pressure index which indicates that these regions are suitable for producing virus-free seed potato.

Vucetic, Andja; Vukov, Tanja; Jovicic, Ivana; Petrovic-Obradovic, Olivera

2013-01-01

332

Access to primary healthcare services for the Roma population in Serbia: a secondary data analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Serbia has proclaimed access to healthcare as a human right. In a context wherein the Roma population are disadvantaged, the aim of this study was to assess whether the Roma population are able to effectively access primary care services, and if not, what barriers prevent them from doing so. The history of the Roma in Serbia is described in detail so as to provide a context for their current vulnerable position. Methods Disaggregated data were analyzed from three population groups in Serbia; the general population, the Roma population, and the poorest quintile of the general population not including the Roma. The effective coverage framework, which incorporates availability, affordability, accessibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of health services, was used to structure the secondary data analysis. Acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children less than five years of age was used as an example as this is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years old in Serbia. Results Roma children were significantly more likely to experience an ARI than either the general population or the poorest quintile of the general population, not including the Roma. All three population groups were equally likely to not receive the correct treatment regime of antibiotics. An analysis of the factors that affect quality of access to health services reveal that personal documentation is a statistically significant problem; availability of health services is not an issue that disproportionately affects the Roma; however the geographical accessibility and affordability are substantive issues that disproportionately affect the Roma population. Affordability of services affected the Roma and the poorest quintile and affordability of medications significantly affected all three population groups. With regards to acceptability, mothers from all three population groups are equally likely to recognize the importance of seeking treatment. Conclusions The Roma should be assisted in applying for personal documentation, the geographical accessibility of clinics needs to be addressed, and the costs of healthcare visits and medications should be reviewed. Areas for improvement specific to ARI are the costs of antibiotics and the diagnostic accuracy of providers. A range of policy recommendations are outlined.

2011-01-01

333

Genetic polymorphism of 17 Y chromosomal STRs in the Rusyn population sample from Vojvodina Province, Serbia.  

PubMed

Seventeen short tandem repeats on the Y chromosome were analyzed in the sample of 200 males of Rusyn origin from the Vojvodina Province, Serbia. We observed 180 different haplotypes; 163 of which were unique and 17 occurred between two and four times. The haplotype diversity was 0.9988, and the discrimination capacity was 0.9. Data are available in the Y chromosome haplotype reference database under accession number YA003631. The obtained results were compared to haplotypes from geographically and linguistically close populations. PMID:23729201

Veselinovic, Igor; Petric, Galina; Vapa, Dusan

2013-06-01

334

The occurrence and dynamics of polychlorinated hydrocarbons in brown hare (Lepus europaeus) in south-western Slovakia.  

PubMed

This study aimed at obtaining the data on the occurrence, levels and correlations of organic pollutants present in game animals (n = 75, Brown hare, Lepus europaeus Pall.) in the region of south-western Slovakia. The analyses performed included dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), hexachlorobenzen (HCB), alpha- and beta hexachlorocyclohexane (?+?-HCH), gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (?-HCH), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB-delor, commercial mixture of PCB congeners). A gas chromatograph with an electron capture detector was used for the analysis. PCB-delor and DDT were accumulated significantly in the highest level (0.105 ą 0.059 mg/kg; 0.070 mg/kg) in depot fat in brown hares; however maximum permissible limits for the observed pollutants were not exceeded. Significantly higher concentrations of DDT, HCB, ?-HCH, and PCB-delor were found in adult animals when compared with juvenile hares. Gender and season had no effect on the accumulation of observed pollutants. Moderately positive correlation was found between PCB-delor and DDT (r = 0.59). Monitoring of environmental pollution with polychlorinated hydrocarbons is important with regard to public health, as game animals constitute an important part of food chain also for humans. PMID:22540643

Slamecka, Jaroslav; Capcarova, Marcela; Jurcik, Rastislav; Kolesarova, Adriana; Ondruska, Lubomir; Gasparik, Jozef; Lukac, Norbert; Mertin, Dusan

2012-01-01

335

Magnetic ground survey of Slovakia for the 2007.5 epoch - accuracy of geomagnetic elements distribution maps  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Magnetic ground or repeat station surveys are performed to determine the geomagnetic field (GMF) spatial distribution, which is of great importance for scientific purposes as well as for many applications, for instance the aerial navigation. In for the information about the GMF distribution to be complete, the accuracy of the geomagnetic maps need to be known. It is a custom in the papers dealing with magnetic surveys that the precision of the instruments employed for the measurements are listed there. However, such information is not sufficient to answer the question about the quality of the geomagnetic maps because our experience shows that the spatial variations at a distance of several kilometers often exceed the precisions of the instruments. In the paper we proposed a simple method for the evaluation of the accuracy of the GMF distribution maps. We applied it to the maps which were the results of the magnetic ground survey carried out in Slovakia in the 2007.5 epoch. The method is based on the following procedure which is accomplished for each observation point of the magnetic ground survey network: A single point drops out of the data base, then the map is generated in a standard way, whereupon the observed value of the geomagnetic element for the dropped out observation point is compared with the value of the geomagnetic element which is determined from the map. Thus the image of the accuracy of the complete map can be tagged together for the surveyed territory

Dolinský, Peter; Valach, Fridrich; Váczyová, Magdaléna

2013-03-01

336

Lessons learned from the decommissioning process affected by an accident during operation. The case of A1 NPP in Slovakia  

SciTech Connect

Decommissioning of NPP's with standard shutdown is currently well known process. The A1 NPP in Slovakia was shutdown in 1977 after the accident in the core which caused the damage of the fuel and contamination of systems. Long period from 1977 to 2008 was needed to manage issues resulting from affecting the systems and structures of A1 NPP and the environment by the accident. Management of the damaged spent fuel, decontamination of the primary circuit and other processes generated large amounts of alpha bearing waste, mostly liquid, having sludge phases with specific physical-chemical and radiological properties. Up to 1994, the approach for eliminating the consequences of the accident was based on safety priorities. The systematic approach, which includes also the rehabilitation of the affected environment, was implemented in the period 1994-2008. The process includes also establishing of the decommissioning infrastructure, legislative and funding system with the aim to implement the standard decommissioning procedures after 2008. However, the specific aspects, especially the level and radio-nuclide composition of contamination of systems and structures will remain. For final decommissioning 2008-2033, the approach was selected which foresees four licensed phases. This approach enables proper planning and performing of individual decommissioning phases. (authors)

Daniska, Vladimir [DECONTA, a.s., Sibirska 1, Trnava, SK 917 01 (Slovakia); Timulak, Jan [DECOM Slovakia, Jana Bottu, 2. SK-91701 Trnava (Slovakia); Pekar, Anton [VUJE Trnava, Inc. (Slovakia); Niznansky, Vojtech [Javys - Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s. - Nuclear and Decommissioning Company, plc., Tomasikova 22, 821 02 Bratislava (Slovakia); Konecny, Ladislav [UJD SR - Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic, Bajkalska 27, P.O.BOX 24, 820 07 Bratislava 27 (Slovakia)

2007-07-01

337

Decrease in air pollution load in urban environment of Bratislava (Slovakia) inferred from accumulation of metal elements in lichens.  

PubMed

The study illustrates the response of epiphytic lichens to changing atmospheric conditions in Central Europe, where the emission of air pollutants has significantly decreased from 1990, in the area in and around Bratislava City. Variation in concentrations of seven metal elements (Cu, Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the thalli of Evernia prunastri, Hypogymnia physodes and Parmelia sulcata is assessed. Samples of these species were exposed in lichen bags in 39 sites throughout the territory of the city (more than 300 km(2)) during the period December 2006-February 2007. The samples were analyzed by AAS for metal element contents prior to and after exposure. The decrease in air pollution (for all studied elements by more than 90%) corresponded to a decrease in the accumulation of elements in lichen thalli, e.g. the contents of Pb decreased by 69% and of Cd by 34% on average. The results show also variations in accumulation between with different lichen species. The background values of metal element contents in thalli of H. physodes growing in situ were measured in semi-natural sites in Slovakia. It is suggested that these can be used as a reference in large-scale monitoring studies in Central Europe. Analysis of compatible data from the current study, and the study performed at the end of 1990s shows a significant decrease of metal elements in the air pollution load. PMID:21327486

Guttová, Anna; Lackovi?ová, Anna; Pišút, Ivan; Pišút, Peter

2011-02-16

338

The partitioning of radiated energy and the largest aftershock of seismic sequences occurred in the northeastern Italy and western Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

We analyzed the most relevant seismic sequences that occurred from 1977 to 2007 in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region (northeastern\\u000a Italy) and western Slovenia. The eight aftershock sequences were triggered by low- to moderate-magnitude earthquakes with\\u000a mainshock duration magnitude ranging from 3.7 to 5.6. The b-value of the Gutenberg–Richter law varies from 0.8 to 1.1. The modified Omori’s modeling of the

S. Gentili; G. Bressan

2008-01-01

339

Treatment failure of pharyngeal gonorrhoea with internationally recommended first-line ceftriaxone verified in Slovenia, September 2011.  

PubMed

We describe the second case in Europe of verified treatment failure of pharyngeal gonorrhoea, caused by an internationally occurring multidrug-resistant gonococcal clone, with recommended first-line ceftriaxone 250 mg in Slovenia. This is of grave concern since ceftriaxone is last remaining option for empirical treatment. Increased awareness of ceftriaxone failures, more frequent test-of-cure, strict adherence to regularly updated treatment guidelines, and thorough verification/falsification of suspected treatment failures are essential globally. New effective treatment options are imperative. PMID:22748003

Unemo, M; Golparian, D; Poto?nik, M; Jeverica, S

2012-06-21

340

Behavior of zinc, nickel, copper and cadmium during the electrokinetic remediation of sediment from the Great Backa Canal (Serbia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a bench-scale study dealing with the removal of heavy metals by electrokinetic (EK) remediation from sediment of the Great Backa Canal (Vojvodina, Republic of Serbia), with an emphasis on the dependence of removal efficacies on the physicochemical states of the heavy metals and sediment chemistry. Sediment samples were spiked with the following heavy metals (mg kg): Zn

Ljiljana M. Rajic; Bozo D. Dalmacija; Jelena S. Trickovic; Milena B. Dalmacija; Dejan M. Krcmar

2010-01-01

341

Episodes of extremely high concentrations of SO2 and particulate matter in the urban environment of Bor, Serbia.  

PubMed

This paper presents the extremely high concentrations of SO2 and particulate matter measured in the urban area of the town Bor (Serbia) during August 2011. Concentrations of SO2 above 125?gm(-3) and concentrations of particulate matter above 200?gm(-3) recorded over several days indicate significant risk to human health and the ecosystem in this region. PMID:23747157

Djordjevic, Predrag; Nikolic, Djordje; Jovanovic, Ivan; Mihajlovic, Ivan; Savic, Marija; Zivkovic, Zivan

2013-06-06

342

Comparative analysis of ethical leadership and ethical culture in local government : The USA, The Netherlands, Montenegro and Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand the role of ethical leadership and ethical culture as a safeguard against corruption. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using survey data from public managers in local authorities in The Netherlands, Serbia, Montenegro and the USA in a comparative study. Findings – The USA and The Netherlands, generally, display higher levels of organizational integrity

Emile Kolthoff; Rodney Erakovich; Karin Lasthuizen

2010-01-01

343

Analysis of Internet Policies and Civil Rights In Italy, Serbia and Burma-Myanmar: A Technological and Legal Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work will be consider the relationship between state authority, Internet policies and civil rights in three countries: Italy (EU), Serbia (Europe) and Burma-Myanmar1 (Asia). It will provide an overview about the debate existing in these countries, where it is possible to point out a common trend of restrictions of civil rights due to surveillance and control actions of the

Marcella Atzori; Francesco Aymerich; Gianni Fenu; Simone Surcis

2008-01-01

344

Actions to Improve Physics Education in Serbia and Montenegro and to Celebrate the World Year of Physics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Physicists in Serbia and Montenegro (SRM), both men and women, are not satisfied with the status of physics in SRM. The number of students who choose to study physics is decreasing. The percentage of physics graduates who are leaving the country is still very large (Figure 1). The presence and the role of physicists in industry, medicine, health care, economy,

Mirjana Bozic; Agika Kapor; Dragana Popovic

2005-01-01

345

Higher Education in Serbia: From Socialism to the Free Market Economy and Implications for the Labour Market  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper focuses on the relationships between higher education and the labour market in Serbia. In order to understand this relationship better, this paper will first provide a brief history of the country and the history of its higher education structures. The paper will then discuss higher education from post Second World War until the fall…

Smirnov, Lidija

2008-01-01

346

Educating Educators in a Volatile Climate--The Challenge of Modernising Higher Business Schools in Serbia and Montenegro  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study is set in the rapidly changing higher educational environment that has ensued in Serbia and Montenegro in the post Milosevic era. Its primary focus is a "Training Trainers" initiative, mounted by the GTZ (Deutsche Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit/Society for Technical Co-operation), designed to upgrade the teaching capacity…

Hollinshead, Graham

2006-01-01

347

Mathematics and Astronomy in the Educational System of Serbia in the Second Half of the 19th Century  

Microsoft Academic Search

In the second half of the 19th century solid fundaments of the educational system were formed in Serbia, in order to follow the contemporaneous development in Europe. Mathematics and astronomy found an important place in this educational system thanks to, above all, distinguished intellectuals who were pioneers in the improvement of education and science in these fields, such as Dimitrije

V. Trajkovska

2009-01-01

348

Parasitism of the horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Deschka and Dimic (Lep., Gracillariidae), in Serbia and Macedonia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A study concerning the parasitism of Cameraria ohridella, a pest of Aesculus hippocastanum invading Europe, has been carried out in Serbia and Macedonia in 1998 and 1999. From C. ohridella 14 species of parasitoids were reared, which are polyphagous and occur in the whole of Europe. Twelve of the species found belong to the Chalcidoidean family Eulophidae. The rates of

W. Heitland; I. Tosevski

2002-01-01

349

Methane emissions from landfills in Serbia and potential mitigation strategies: a case study.  

PubMed

Open dumping and landfilling have represented the predominant method of waste management in Serbia during the past decades. This practice resulted in over 3600 waste disposal sites distributed all over the country. The locations of the sites and their characteristics have been determined in the framework of the presented study. The vast majority of disposal sites (up to 3300) are characterized by small deposition depth of waste and total waste volumes of less than 10,000 m(3). Only about 50 landfills in Serbia contain more than 100,000 m(3) of waste. These large landfills are responsible for more than 95% of the total CH(4) emissions from waste disposal, which was assessed as 60,000 tons of CH(4) in 2010. The evaluation of different measures [soil cover, compost cover and landfill gas (LFG) systems] for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions from Serbian landfills indicated that enhanced microbial CH(4) oxidation (using a compost cover), as well as the installation of LFG systems, could generate net revenues as saved CH(4) emissions are creditable for the European Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading Scheme. In total between 4 and 7 million tons of CO(2) equivalent emissions could be avoided within the next 20 years by mitigating CH(4) emissions from Serbian landfills. PMID:22751946

Stanisavljevic, Nemanja; Ubavin, Dejan; Batinic, Bojan; Fellner, Johann; Vujic, Goran

2012-07-02

350

Ethnobotanical study on traditional use of medicinal plants in South-Western Serbia, Zlatibor district.  

PubMed

Ethnopharmacological relevance: This paper provides significant ethnobotanical information on medicinal plant uses in the Zlatibor district, South-Western Serbia. Materials and methods: A survey was performed using questionnaires with 220 informants (mean age 47, 79% female, 21% male). In addition, the use value and the relative importance of species were determined and the informant consensus factor was calculated for the medicinal plants included in the study. Intended plants usage was compared with previous ethnobotanical literature, with reference to the neighboring areas of Zlatibor district. Results: The informants provided data for 69 medicinal plants belonging to 36 families. Rosaceae, Lamiaceae and Asteraceae were the predominant locally used families. The species with the highest use value were Mentha piperita, Matricaria chamomilla, Hypericum perforatum and Achillea millefolium. The most frequently reported medicinal uses were ones for treating gastrointestinal ailments, respiratory problems and skin diseases. Usually, the administration was primarily oral followed by topical applications. All different plant parts were utilized, however leaves were the most exploited parts of the plants. Conclusions: Folk medicine in South-Western Serbia, Zlatibor district is intended mainly as a mode of primary health care in healing of minor illnesses. The results indicate a slight reduction in the ethnobotanical and medical knowledge in this area, when compared with neighboring regions. PMID:23422337

Savikin, Katarina; Zduni?, Gordana; Menkovi?, Nebojša; Zivkovi?, Jelena; Cuji?, Nada; Tereš?enko, Milena; Bigovi?, Dubravka

2013-02-16

351

Genetic diversity of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae isolates from conventional farrow-to-finish pig farms in Serbia.  

PubMed

Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae is a primary agent associated with mycoplasma pneumonia and the porcine respiratory disease complex (PRDC). Various reports have indicated that different strains of M. hyopneumoniae are circulating in the swine population. Lysates from lung swabs from naturally infected pigs of different ages were tested according to a new variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) genetic typing method based on the polyserine repeat motif of the P146 lipoproteoadhesin, which can be applied directly on clinical material without isolation of M. hyopneumoniae. The aim was to determine the diversity of M. hyopneumoniae isolates from conventional farrow-to-finish pig farms located in different geographical areas of Serbia. PCR amplification was carried out using M. hyopneumoniae -specific designed, conserved primers (p146MH-L and p146MH-R) flanking the region encoding the repeat motif, followed by sequencing and cluster analysis. Five groups of M. hyopneumoniae with thirteen to twenty-four serine repeats were observed. Analysis of three samples from each farm indicated that the specific isolate is ubiquitous in pigs of different ages. Furthermore, seven clusters were observed within 27 tested samples. The results indicated a considerable diversity among M. hyopneumoniae field isolates in the swine population from conventional farrow-to-finish farms in Serbia and suggest close genetic relatedness of the corresponding isolates. PMID:20713321

Savic, Bozidar; Ivetic, Vojin; Milicevic, Vesna; Pavlovic, Ivan; Zutic, Milenko; Gagrcin, Mladen

2010-09-01

352

Human Leukocyte Antigen-B27 and Disease Susceptibility in Vojvodina, Serbia  

PubMed Central

There are numerous studies showing the role of human leukocyte antigens (HLAs) related with susceptibility or resistance to certain diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the association of HLA-B27 with ankylosing spondylitis (AS), polyarthralgia, lumboishialgia, acute anterior uveitis (AAU), psoriatic arthritis (PA), synovitis coxae and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in patients from Vojvodina, Serbia. An HLA I class typing was performed by the serological immunomagnetic two-color fluorescence method using peripheral blood T lymphocytes in 97 patients and 224 healthy controls from the population of Vojvodina, Serbia. We calculated HLA-B27 frequencies, relative risk (RR), ethiologic fraction (EF), e.g., population attributive risk, when RR was greater than 1, while, preventive fraction (PF) was calculated when RR was lower than 1. This study revealed the strongest association of AS with HLAB27 antigen: RR = 25.0, while the EF was greater than 0.15, respectively. The ?2 test showed the significant difference (p <0.05) in HLA-B27 in patients with AS in comparison to controls (?2 = 52.5). It was concluded that there is a positive association of HLA-B27 with AS and that HLA-B27 can serve as a marker for predisposition to diseases.

Vojvodic, S; Ademovic-Sazdanic, D; Busarcevic

2012-01-01

353

Socio-economic features of commercial fishery in the bordering upper Danube River area of Serbia.  

PubMed

The multidisciplinary socio-economic study of fisheries in the bordering part of the Danube River between Serbia and Croatia (at the following sites: Apatin, Ba?ka Palanka, Ba?ko Novo Selo, Bezdan, and Sombor) that was performed in order to investigate various aspects of fish resource utilization (management, policy of protection and exploitation of freshwater fishery resources, present fisheries legislation, catch statistics), was realized during 2004 and 2005. Data were collected via survey with a structured interview. Socio-economic circumstances, together with ecological factors, have had an influence on the fish stock and number of commercial fishermen. Awareness of the occurring problems, both economic and ecological ones, is apparent, regardless of whether it is assessed in the field of commercial or recreational fishing. Fishery sector in Serbia is in a prolonged process of transition, with the enforcement of fishing regulations, but also the lack of control that leaves space for illegal commercial fishing. The statements, consciousness, experience and behavior of commercial fishermen represent a good basis for planning the sustainable development of fishing in this section of the Danube River. PMID:21674225

Smederevac-Lali?, Marija; Peši?, Radmilo; Cveji?, Slobodan; Simonovi?, Predrag

2011-06-15

354

Analysis of pathogen co-occurrence in host-seeking adult hard ticks from Serbia.  

PubMed

Past studies in Serbia have reported concurrent infections of Ixodes ricinus ticks with Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato genospecies, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Francisella tularensis. As a step forward, this investigation included a broader range of microorganisms and five most common and abundant tick species in Serbia. Five tick species were identified (Dermacentor marginatus, D. reticulatus, Haemaphysalis punctata, H. concinna and I. ricinus) and analyzed for the presence of seven pathogens. Anaplasma ovis, A. phagocytophilum, Babesia canis, B. burgdorferi s.l., Coxiella burnetii, Rickettsia helvetica and R. monacensis were detected. Sequencing of samples positive for F. tularensis revealed the presence of Francisella-like endosymbionts. No Bartonella spp. DNA was amplified. Concurrent infections were present in three tick species (D. reticulatus, H. concinna and I. ricinus). The rate of co-infections was highest in I. ricinus (20/27), while this tick species harbored the broadest range of co-infection combinations, with dual, triple and a quadruple infection(s) being detected. PMID:22773070

Tomanovi?, Snežana; Chochlakis, Dimosthenis; Radulovi?, Zeljko; Milutinovi?, Marija; Caki?, Sanja; Mihaljica, Darko; Tselentis, Yannis; Psaroulaki, Anna

2012-07-07

355

Non-dioxin-like PCBs in crops and related products: Levels and intakes in Serbia.  

PubMed

Levels of six non-dioxin-like indicator PCBs in 36 composite samples of agricultural crops, related by-products and foodstuffs were pooled from a total of 938 individual samples collected in Serbia in 2002 and 2004. After extraction and cleanup, PCBs were determined by capillary GC using ECD. The highest total PCB levels were found in dried sugar beet pulp (2.89 ng g(-1) whole weight (ww)) and crude sunflower oil (1.83 ng g(-1) lipid), while the lowest levels were found in molasses (0.05 ng g(-1) ww). The calculated daily intake of PCBs for the crop products included in this study were compared with the maximum permissible risk (MPR) level established by the Dutch National Institute for Public Health and the Environment. Cereal products (flour, bread, pastry, pasta, cookies) were made a relatively large contribution (23% of MPR), while sugar (2% of MPR) and oil (4% of MPR) made a low and fairly uniform contribution to intake. The levels and intake of PCBs in Serbia were compared with data from other recent international surveys. PMID:17487606

Skrbic, Biljana; Durisic-Mladenovic, Natasa

2007-06-01

356

Ability to Work and Employability of Patients in Opioid Substitution Treatment Programs in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess the ability to work and employability of individuals taking part in opioid substitution treatment programs (OSTP). Methods The study was composed of two surveys. In the first survey, 237 of 480 patients enrolled in OSTP responded to the questionnaire about their employment status, opinion about employment, and perception of assignments before and during OSTP. In the second survey, 66 of 100 employers responded to the questionnaire on the occurrence, perception, and management of addiction problems in their companies. Results Unemployment rate in individuals enrolled in OSTP was 43.5% and decreased during OSTP by 10.5% (P?=?0.027). Irregular use of OSTP medications was the most important factor for unemployment (odds ratio, 2.44; P?=?0.016). OSTP was highly effective in achieving a positive change in patients’ perception of different kinds of assignments previously perceived as beyond their abilities. Thus, perception of mentally demanding assignments (P?Slovenia was effective in increasing both employability and OSTP patients’ ability to work. To facilitate complete rehabilitation, particularly in obtaining employment for the patients, the process must involve the society as a whole.

Bilban, Marjan; Kastelic, Andrej; Zaletel-Kragelj, Lijana

2008-01-01

357

Water, Biodiversity and Climate Change Studies in International Schools Network of the Park Škocjan Caves, Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

As UNESCO World Heritage Site, Ramsar Site and Biosphere Reserve the Park Škocjan Caves strongly believes in development of quality educational programme in order to fulfill the guidelines of international conventions and also provide for awareness and development in the future. Ten years ago we started with water analysis projects and performed several projects related to natural, cultural and social aspect of water protection. We developed a special model of training the teachers and educating the children. Together we have accomplished two international projects, two national project and several research projects dealing with The Reka river and karst phenomena. In 2003 we officially established the schools network, where we join in research education programmes five elementary schools form Slovenia and two from Italy. They are all located beside the surface and underground flow of the Reka River. Fifteen teachers and more than hundred children are involved in educational programme every year. Our work in the schools network enables us to bring science to society in a comprehensive way including the scientists and their work in preparation and implementation of projects. With teachers help we promote science studies but also encourage children to do social projects in order to keep intergeneration connections and gain knowledge of past experience and life from our grandparents. The paper will present the role of protected area in public awareness and education with special emphasis on natural phenomena of water in the Karst region as a toll for joint work in the field for scientists and school children. Chemical and biological analysis of the Reka River and other water bodies will be presented and accompanied with the biodiversity survey and climate change research projects. New approach of performing the research studies and presentation of results for schoolchildren will be explained.

Debevec Gerjevic, Vanja

2010-05-01

358

Ten-year follow-up of thyroid epidemiology in Slovenia after increase in salt iodization  

PubMed Central

Aim To assess iodine supply and follow thyroid epidemiology for ten years after an iodine increase from 10 to 25 mg of potassium iodide per kilogram of salt in 1999. Methods In 2002 and 2003, we determined the thyroid size by palpation and ultrasound and measured urinary iodine concentration (UIC) in 676 schoolchildren from 34 schools throughout Slovenia. From 1999 to 2009, we followed the incidence of diffuse and nodular goiter, thyroid autonomy, Graves’ disease, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis among adults in the stable catchment area of the University Medical Centre Ljubljana with 1?000?000 inhabitants. Results In children, only 1% had a goiter grade 2 (visible and palpable thyroid gland), median thyroid volume was 5.8 mL, and median UIC was 148 ľg/L. In adults, the incidence of diffuse goiter and thyroid autonomy decreased significantly (2009 vs 1999, rate ratio [RR], 0.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.12-0.21 and RR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.62-0.86, respectively), with a lower incidence in younger participants in 2009 (P?

Zaletel, Katja; Gaberscek, Simona; Pirnat, Edvard; Krhin, Blaz; Hojker, Sergej

2011-01-01

359

STRESS BURDEN IN WOMEN IN REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN SLOVENIA - SOME CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES BREME STRESA PRI ŽENSKAH V RODNEM OBDOBJU V SLOVENIJI - NEKATERI VZROKI IN POSLEDICE  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background Stress is one of basic risk factors influencing different health states, including reproductive health of women. The study was aimed at measuring the level of stress in different groups of women in order to identify high-risk groups for stress and relate them to birth rate dynamics in Slovenia. Methods The data originate from the national health behaviour database in

Majda Pahor; Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj

360

Post-mortem blood alcohol concentration of the traffic accident victims and changes in DUI legislation in Slovenia 1980–2006  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study aims to contribute to the analysis of the impact of alcohol consumption on road traffic safety in Slovenia and to evaluate the effectiveness of the changes in road traffic safety legislation concerning this issue within the period 1980–2006. For this purpose we have performed a retrospective analysis of 1913 autopsy reports on traffic casualties, with an emphasis on

E. Kralj; T. Pezdir; J. Balažic

2009-01-01

361

Variability analysis for effectiveness and improvement in classrooms and schools in upper secondary education in Slovenia: Assessment of\\/for Learning Analytic Tool  

Microsoft Academic Search

From 1995, data on students' achievement in schools (i.e., teacher's grades) and all data on achievement in the 5-subject group certificate – the Matura exam – have been systematically gathered for the entire yearly cohort of students in upper secondary education in Slovenia. This paper describes an on-line data selection system and data analysis tool designed for national subject testing

Darko Zupanc; Matjaž Urank; Matevž Bren

2009-01-01

362

First massive occurrence of greenhouse whitefly parasitoid, Encarsia formosa Gahan (Hymenoptera: Aphelinidae) on greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Westwood) (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) in Slovenia  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 2008, massive population of parasitoid Encarsia formosa was found for the first time in the greenhouses on the Laboratory Field of Biotechnical Faculty in Ljubljana (Slovenia). This species is known for a long time as effective natural enemy of the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum, and other whiteflies in different parts of the world. 1306 wasps from genus Encarsia were

Katarina KOS; Helena ROJHT; Matej VIDRIH

363

Distribution of non-native trout in Slovenia and their introgression with native trout populations as observed through microsatellite DNA analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In Slovenia, the Adriatic basin inhabited by native marble trout (S. marmoratus), and the Danubian basin inhabited by native Danubian lineage of brown trout (S. trutta) have been intensively affected by stocking with non-native trout strains. In order to assess spread of non-native strains and their introgression with native trout, a population study based on five microsatellite loci was applied

T. Jug; P. Berrebi; A. Snoj

2005-01-01

364

Article Title: PLANT AND CROP SCIENCE, PRODUCTION AND PROTECTION: BIBLIOMETRIC EVALUATION OF BIBLIOGRAPHIC DATA IN DOCUMENTS PUBLISHED IN SLOVENIA BETWEEN 1994-2000  

Microsoft Academic Search

documents related to plant and crop science, production and protection among 2844 documents (D) published in Slovenia in the period 1994-2000 and indexed by the Slovenian Agris Center for inclusion in Agris database were assessed with regard to bibliographic elements. Yearly occurrences differed highly due to intensive production of proceedings papers in certain years. 60% of D were published in

Tomaz Bartol

365

A review of the potential and actual sources of pollution to groundwater in selected karst areas in Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Slovenian karst areas extend over 43% of the country; limestones and dolomites of the Mesozoic era prevail. In Slovenia karst groundwater contributes up to 50% of the total drinking water supply. The quality of water is very high, despite the fact that it is extremely vulnerable to pollution. The present article is a study and a review of the potential and actual sources of pollution to the groundwater in the selected karst aquifers (the Kras, Velika planina and Snežnik plateaus), which differ in their natural characteristics. Unlike the other selected plateaus, the Kras plateau is inhabited. There are several settlements in the area and the industrial, agricultural and traffic activities carried out that represent a serious threat to the quality of karst groundwater. The Velika planina and Snežnik plateaus do not have permanent residents, however there are some serious hazards to the quality of the karst springs arising from sports, tourist, construction and farming activities, as well as from the traffic related to them. Despite relatively favourable conditions for protection, many important karst aquifers and springs are improperly protected in Slovenia. The reason is the lack of knowledge about sustainable water management in karst regions and the confusion in drinking water protection policy.

Kova?i?, G.; Ravbar, N.

2005-02-01

366

Levels of ˛š?Po and ˛š?Pb in fish and molluscs in Slovenia and the related dose assessment to the population.  

PubMed

˛š?Po and ˛š?Pb activity concentrations in fish from the Slovenian part of Adriatic Sea, in the vicinity of a former uranium mine at Žirovski vrh and from the Slovenian market were determined. In addition, ˛š?Po and ˛š?Pb activity concentrations in squid from the Slovenian market and in mussels from the Slovenian part of the Adriatic Sea were also determined. Fish, squid and mussel consumption in Slovenia was assessed from the data available from Eurostat and Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) and the data used for the corresponding dose calculation. Fish species with the highest activity concentrations were grilled to assess possible loss of ˛š?Po during the food preparation process. Samples were freeze dried and radiochemical separation of ˛š?Po and ˛š?Pb was performed. Measurements of ˛š?Po were performed by alpha spectrometry and ˛š?Pb by a low background gas-flow proportional counter. ˛š?Po activity concentrations in fish, squid and mussels were from 0.039 to 35.0 Bqkg?š fresh weight and ˛š?Pb activity concentrations were from 0.08 to 3.03 Bqkg?š fresh weight. Grilling of fish resulted in no significant loss of ˛š?Po at 90°C. The assessed combined annual effective ingestion dose due to ˛š?Po and ˛š?Pb for fish, squid and mussels consumed in Slovenia is 47.6 ?Sv year?š. PMID:21094513

Strok, Marko; Smodiš, Borut

2010-11-20

367

Long-range transported atmospheric pollutants in snowpacks accumulated at different altitudes in the Tatra Mountains (Slovakia).  

PubMed

Persistent organic pollutants (POPs), including polychlorobiphenyls (PCB), endosulfans, hexachlorocyclohexanes (HCHs), hexachlorobenzene (HCB), polybromodiphenyl ethers (PBDEs), and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), were analyzed in snowpack samples collected along an altitudinal gradient (1683-2634 meters above sea level) in the High Tatra Mountains (Slovakia). All analyzed compounds were found at all altitudes, pointing to their global distribution. The presence of PBDEs, particularly BDE 209, in the snowpack samples is especially relevant, as it reflects the air transport capacity of this low volatile, very hydrophobic pollutant to remote mountain regions. The most abundant compounds at all altitudes were PAHs, with mean values ranging from 90 to 300 ngL(-1), 1 order of magnitude higher than concentrations of other compounds. PCBs (sum of PCB 28, 52, 101, 118, 153, 138, and 180) and BDE 209 were the dominant organohalogen pollutants, with concentrations from 550 to 1600 pg L(-1) and from 670 to 2000 pgL(-1), respectively. Low brominated PBDEs, endosulfans, HCHs and HCB were consistently found in all samples at lower concentrations. The concentrations of these compounds correlated positively with altitude (i.e., negatively with temperature), which is consistent with cold-trapping effects. The regression coefficients were positive and statistically significant (p < 0.05) for all compounds except BDE 209, endosulfan sulfate, HCB and ?-HCH. Contrariwise, the concentrations of BDE 209 and endosulfan sulfate exhibited a statistically significant positive correlation with total particle amount, which agrees with long-range atmospheric transport associated to aerosols according to the physical-chemical properties of these compounds. Snow specific surface area, which determines the maximum amount of each organic compound that can be sorbed by snow, proved utile for describing the distribution of the more volatile compounds, namely ?-HCB and HCB, in the snowpack. PMID:21919451

Arellano, Lourdes; Fernández, Pilar; Tatosova, Jolana; Stuchlik, Evzen; Grimalt, Joan O

2011-09-30

368

Surface and groundwater drought evaluation with respect to aquatic habitat quality in the upper Nitra River Basin in Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Hydrological drought is being broadly studied within last decades in many countries. It is because of increasing frequency of drought periods occurrence also in mild climate conditions, leading to unexpected and undesired consequences for environment and various spheres of the state economy. Drought affects water availability for plants, animals and human society. Natural conditions of drought occurrence are often combined with human activities strengthening drought consequences. Lack of water in the nature, connected to meteorological and hydrological drought occurrence, increases at the same time needs for surface and groundwater in many types of human activities (agriculture, industrial production, electric power generation…). Drought can be identified within the low flow phase of the flow regime. Flow regime is considered for one of the most important conditions influencing quality of the river ecosystems. Occurrence of meteorological, surface and groundwater droughts was analyzed for the upper part of the Nitra River catchment in Slovakia. Drought occurrence was studied in two gauging profiles on the Nitra River - in Klacno and Nedozery, both representing the headwater profiles. The threshold level method was used for groundwater drought analysis. Base flow values were separated from the discharge hydrograms using the HydroOffice 2010 statistical program package. The influence of surface water drought on groundwater level was analyzed. Habitat suitability curves derived according to IFIM methodology were constructed for different fish species at Nedozery profile. The influence of different low flow values from 600 to 150 L/s on fish amount, size and species variability was studied. In the end, the minimum flow, bellow which unfavourable life conditions occur, was estimated. The results showed the necessity of taking into account the ecological parameters when estimating the ecological status of surface water bodies. Such an approach is fully compatible with the requirements of the Directive 2000/60/EC and with the integrated water resources management strategy. Acknowledgment: The research was done with the financial support of the VEGA project grant No. 1/1327/12.

Fendekova, M.; Fendek, M.; Macura, V.; Kralova, J.

2012-04-01

369

Crystallochemical effects of heat treatment on Fe-dominant tourmalines from Dolní Bory (Czech Republic) and Vlachovo (Slovakia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heat treatment was performed on selected Fe-dominant tourmalines to establish the nature of any change in optical properties. Two tourmaline samples from Dolní Bory, Czech Republic (TDB) and Vlachovo, Slovakia (TVL) were heated at 450, 700 and 900°C at 0.1 mPa and ambient oxidation conditions for 8 h. EMPA study shows that tourmaline from Vlachovo has schorlitic composition and tourmaline from Dolní Bory is alkali-depleted schorl to foitite. Although the black colour remained unchanged after heating at 450°C, it changed to brown at 700°C and reddish brown at 900°C. No significant changes of chemical composition were observed during heating. X-ray diffraction, infrared and Mössbauer study showed negligible oxidation of tourmaline heated at 450°C, but a significant change in iron valency state and deprotonization at 700°C. The oxidation of Fe is the main cause of tourmaline colour change, and the substitution vector for oxidation of Fe is Fe3+OFe{-1/2+}(OH)-1. The predicted deprotonization of OH was confirmed by infrared spectroscopy, which documented a decrease in OH groups in both samples, mainly at the V site. The oxidation of Fe is mostly significant in the Y site as documented on the compression of the Y-site octahedra and subsequent decrease in the a lattice parameter. This feature is consistent with lattice dimensions in the transition from schorl and foitite dimensions to those consistent with fluor-buergerite. The Z-site octahedra did not compressed and were not affected by heating-induced Fe oxidation, which indicates only negligible content of Z Fe2+ in original samples. After heating at 900°C, the tourmaline structure collapsed likely due to the thermally induced weakening of bonds in Y and Z octahedra, which results in amorphization of tourmaline. Subsequently, breakdown products including Fe-oxides and mullite replaced alkali-depleted amorphized tourmaline.

Ba?ík, P.; Ozdín, D.; Miglierini, M.; Kardošová, P.; Pentrák, M.; Haloda, J.

2011-09-01

370

Demographic, temporal and environmental effects on the frequency of cribra orbitalia in three Early Medieval populations from western Slovakia.  

PubMed

The frequency of cribra orbitalia was examined in Early Medieval skeletal samples from Devín and Borovce (Slovakia). The effects of environmental and socio-economic factors on the distribution of orbital lesions are explored and discussed. The frequency of cribra orbitalia was lowest in Devín-Hrad (11th-12th c. A.D.), followed by Devín-Za kostolom (9th c. A.D.) and Borovce (8th-beginning of 12th c. A.D.). The increased frequency of cribra orbitalia at Borovce can be attributed to inadequate sanitation and increased pathogen load at this rural site compared to urban Devín. Borovce (BO) sub-adults displayed orbital lesions significantly more frequently than BO adults and sub-adults in the Devín-Za kostolom (FR) and Devín-Hrad (DH) samples. Although the total mortality of sub-adults did not differ between the sites, BO sub-adults with cribra orbitalia showed a considerably higher mortality. Their counterparts from FR and DH showed similar mortality patterns irrespective of the presence of orbital lesions. As in most reference samples, no significant sex differences in the frequency of cribra orbitalia were observed in BO, DH and FR. However, a considerably increased mortality was observed in young males from Devín-Hrad irrespective of the presence of orbital lesions. This finding can be attributed to their involvement in violent conflicts. Reference data from Medieval Central European skeletal samples suggest that an increased occurrence of cribra orbitalia was associated with crop failures, migration and interpersonal conflicts. These factors favour the spread of and vulnerability to infectious diseases, which are considered to be the major cause of iron deficiency anaemia. PMID:20451194

Benus, Radoslav; Obertová, Zuzana; Masnicová, Sona

2010-05-06

371

Occurrence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii in the Ixodes ricinus ticks from Eastern Slovakia.  

PubMed

A total of 2816 unfed adults nymphs of Ixodes ricinus ticks were collected from vegetation in Kosice (Eastern Slovakia) from 1994 to 1997. Prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi s. l. in I. ricinus ticks, detected by dark field microscopy, varied and depended upon the year and the habitat of the collected ticks. The lowest prevalence was observed in 1994 (4.8%). During 1995 it increased to 17.2% and during the next two years decreased to 15.5% and 14.2%. The rate of infection varied from 2.1 to 23.3% within 10 examined habitats of the Kosice area. A different value of relative density of ticks was observed in various habitats. It ranged from 9-212 ticks per collecting hour within one flagged area (600 m2) which is 1.5-35.5 ticks per 100 m2. Eight isolates were obtained from the infected ticks. Electrophoresis and immunoblotting with 6 monoclonal antibodies were used for the identification of Borrelia strains. Three tick isolates were identified as B. burgdorferi s. s. and the other three isolates were found to be B. garinii. One strain reacted as a mixed culture of B. burgdorferi s. s., and B. garinii. The strain originated from the Vihorlat Mountains habitat and was detected by PCR-SSCP as B. burgdorferi s. s. with a small amount of B. afzelii. The obtained results emphasize the epidemiological importance not only of B. garinii and B. afzelii but also of B. burgdorferi s. s. in Central Europe. PMID:10845258

Stepánová-Tresová, G; Pet'ko, B; Stefancíková, A; Nadzamová, D

2000-02-01

372

Re-Os and U-Th-Pb dating of the Rochovce granite and its mineralization (Western Carpathians, Slovakia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The subsurface Rochovce granite intrusion was emplaced into the contact zone between two principal tectonic units (the Veporic Unit and the Gemeric Unit) of the Central Western Carpathians (CWC), Slovakia. The Cretaceous age of this granite and its Mo-W mineralization is shown using two independent methods: U-Pb on zircon and Re-Os on molybdenite. The studied zircons have a typical homogeneous character with oscillatory zoning and scarce restite cores. SHRIMP U-Pb data provide an age of 81.5 ą 0.7 Ma, whereas restite cores suggest a latest Neoproterozoic-Ediacaran age (~565 Ma) source. Zircon ?Hf(81) values -5.2 to + 0.2 suggest a lower crustal source, whereas one from the Neoproterozoic core ?Hf(565)= + 7.4 call for the mantle influenced old precursor. Two molybdenite- bearing samples of very different character affirm a genetic relation between W-Mo mineralization and the Rochovce granite. One sample, a quartz-molybdenite vein from the exocontact (altered quartz-sericite schist of the Ochtiná Formation), provides a Re-Os age of 81.4 ą 0.3 Ma. The second molybdenite occurs as 1-2 mm disseminations in finegrained granite, and provides an age of 81.6 ą 0.3 Ma. Both Re-Os ages are identical within their 2-sigma analytical uncertainty and suggest rapid exhumation as a consequence of post-collisional, orogen-parallel extension and unroofing. The Rochovce granite represents the northernmost occurrence of Cretaceous calc-alkaline magmatism with Mo-W mineralization associated with the Alpine-Balkan-Carpathian-Dinaride metallogenic belt.

Kohút, Milan; Stein, Holly; Uher, Pavel; Aimmerman, Aaron; Hraško, L'ubomír

2013-02-01

373

Reform of mental health care in Serbia: ten steps plus one  

PubMed Central

Disastrous events in the country and the region caused a 13.5% increase in the prevalence of mental and behavioral disorders in Serbia in the last few years, thus making them the second largest public health problem. Due to prolonged adversities, the health system has deteriorated and is facing specific challenges. However, the reform of mental health care has been initiated, with a lot of positive movements such as the preparation of a national policy for mental health care and a law for protection of mentally ill individuals. The transformation of mental health services has started, with an accent on community care, antistigma campaigns and continuing education. Based on an assessment carried out by the National Committee on Mental Health, service provision, number of professionals working in services, funding arrangements, pathways into care, user/carer involvement and other specific issues are reported.

LECIC TOSEVSKI, DUSICA; PEJOVIC MILOVANCEVIC, MILICA; POPOVIC DEUSIC, SMILJKA

2007-01-01

374

Sinergasilus polycolpus, a new copepod species in the ichthyoparasitofauna of Serbia and Montenegro.  

PubMed

The parasitic copepod Sinergasilus polycolpus was identified on the gills of bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis from 2 localities (Kladovo and Slankamen) in the Serbian part of the River Danube. This parasite is species-specific for 2 Chinese carp, the bighead carp and the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. It was accidentally introduced into Serbia and Montenegro together with fry of these herbivorous carp intended for aquaculture and control of phytoplankton blooms. There is no record in the available literature of this parasite for European freshwaters. Our identification of S. polycolpus signals the possible spread of the infectious disease sinergasilosis in natural freshwaters and in fishponds, similar to bothriocephalosis, caused by Bothriocephalus opsariichthydis, which was introduced with the fry of various herbivorous species from the Amour River basin (USSR) into almost all countries throughout the world. PMID:15109152

Cakic, P; Lenhardt, M; Kolarevic, J

2004-03-10

375

Realization of ETRF2000 as a New Terrestrial Reference Frame in Republic of Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service (IERS) is a joint service of the International Association of Geodesy (IAG) and the International Astronomical Union (IAU), which provides the scientific community with the means for computing the transformation from the International Celestial Reference System (ICRS) to the International Terrestrial Reference System (ITRS). It further maintains the realizations of these systems by appropriate coordinate sets called "frames". The densification of terrestrial frame usually serves as official frame for positioning and navigation tasks within the territory of particular country. One of these densifications was recently performed in order to establish new reference frame for Republic of Serbia. The paper describes related activities resulting in ETRF2000 as a new Serbian terrestrial reference frame.

Blagojevic, D.; Vasilic, V.

2012-12-01

376

Mapping average annual precipitation in Serbia (1961-1990) by using regression kriging  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The appearence of geostatistics and geographical information systems has made it possible to analyze complex spatial patterns of meteorological elements over large areas in the applied climatology. The objective of this study is to use geostatistics to characterize the spatial structure and map the spatial variation of average values of precipitation for a 30-year period in Serbia. New, recently introduced, geostatistical algorithms facilitate utilization of auxiliary variables especially remote sensing data or freely available global datasets. The data from Advanced Spaceborn Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer global digital elevation model are incorporated as ancillary variables into spatial prediction of average annual precipitation using geostatistical method known as regression kriging. The R 2 value of 0.842 proves high performance result of the prediction of the proposed method.

Bajat, Branislav; Pejovi?, Milutin; Lukovi?, Jelena; Manojlovi?, Predrag; Duci?, Vladan; Mustafi?, Sanja

2013-04-01

377

Neospora caninum antibodies in dairy cows and domestic dogs from Vojvodina, Serbia  

PubMed Central

Neospora caninum, the causative agent of neosporosis, is a protozoan parasite responsible for high rate of abortion in cattle worldwide. In dogs, consequences of infection vary from severe neuromuscular disorders to asymptomatic infection and shedding of environmentally resistant oocysts. In this study, we determined the occurrence of N. caninum antibodies in dairy cattle and dogs in Vojvodina (Northern Province of Serbia) and possible risk factors. N. caninum antibodies were found in 15.4% (55/356, CI 95%:12.0–19.6) of cows and 17.2% (17/99, CI 95%: 10.8–26.2) of dogs. Cows from smallholdings showed significantly greater odds (OR = 5.28, CI 95%: 2.0–13.6, p = 0.0006) of being seropositive in comparison to the farm cows. Epidemiological importance of results is discussed.

Kuruca, Ljiljana; Spasojevic-Kosic, Ljubica; Simin, Stanislav; Savovic, Milan; Laus, Sasa; Lalosevic, Vesna

2013-01-01

378

Prevalence of obesity among children aged 6-7 years in South-East Serbia.  

PubMed

A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of obesity in urban and rural areas of South-East Serbia was performed on 541 children (273 boys and 268 girls), aged 6-7 years. Prevalence of obesity in urban boys and girls was 6.3% and 3.8% respectively (P > 0.05). Prevalence of obesity in rural boys and girls was 1.1% and 3.3% respectively (P > 0.05). The difference in the prevalence of obesity between urban boys and rural boys was statistically significant (P < 0.05), while the difference between urban and rural girls was insignificant (P > 0.05). Urban boys consumed more sweets and fast food compared with rural boys (P < 0.05). Urban children spent more time in watching TV compared with rural children (P < 0.05). PMID:19389057

Stojanovic, D; Belojevic, G

2009-03-06

379

Longidorus carniolensis sp. n. (Nematoda, Longidoridae) from vineyard soil in Slovenia.  

PubMed

A new needle nematode, Longidorus carniolensissp. n., recovered from the soil around the roots of grapevine Vitis vinifera L. from Slovenia, is described and illustrated. Longidorus carniolensisis an amphimictic species, characterised by females with a moderately long (L=5.6-8.2 mm) and plump (a=51-72.4, ave. 66.3) body, assuming a spiral to C-shape when heat relaxed. Head region continuous, anteriorly almost flat, lip region 23-25 ľm wide; guiding ring situated posteriorly (42-47 ?m, 43-50 ?m in males), odontostyle long (ave. 146.6 (136-157) ?m); pharyngeal glands with normal location, their nuclei of approximately equal size; tail bluntly conoidal to almost hemispherical. Males abundant, spicules slender and long (122-145 ?m), ventromedian supplements 13-17, irregularly spaced, preceded by an adanal pair. Four juvenile stages present, the first stage juvenile with bluntly conoidal tail. Codes for identifying the new species when using the key by Chen et al. (1997) are: A 56, B 4, C 4, D 1, E 4, F 35, G 1, H 1, I 2. The new species is morphologically the most similar to Longidorus poessneckensis Altherr, 1974, Longidorus macrosoma Hooper, 1961, Longidorus caespiticola Hooper, 1961, Longidorus helveticus Lamberti et al., 2001, Longidorus macroteromucronatus Altherr, 1974, Longidorus pius Barsi & Lamberti, 2001, Longidorus raskii Lamberti & Agostinelli, 1993, Longidorus kheirii Pedram et al. 2008, Longidorus silvae Roca, 1993, Longidorus iuglandis Roca et al., 1985, Longidorus vinearum Bravo & Roca, 1995 and Longidorus major Roca & d'Erico, 1987, but differs from these species either by the body and odontostyle length, position of guide ring, head region and tail shape or the shape of the first stage juvenile tail. Sequence data from the D2-D3 region of the 28S rDNA distinguishes this new species from other speciesof the genus Longidorus with known sequences. Relationships of Longidorus carniolensissp. n. with other Longidorus species based on analysis of this DNA fragment and morphology are discussed. PMID:22287876

Sirca, Saša; Urek, Gregor; Lazarova, Stela; Elshishka, Milka; Peneva, Vlada

2011-10-28

380

Hydrogeological Conditions of Coastal Carbonate Aquifer in Lucija - Portorož (Gulf of Trieste, N Adriatic Sea, Slovenia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the 1994 801 m deep borehole Lu 1/94 very close to the sea in Lucija near Portorož (Piranski zaliv - Gulf of Trieste) was drilled through the 257 m deep sequence of flysh rocks after which it enters the limestone of Palaeogene and Cretaceous age. The aquifer where borehole is constructed is classified as high yield and highly permeable confined carbonate aquifer with fissured porosity. During drilling and final pumping test after the borehole completion groundwater samples were taken. The results of these analyses were compared with groundwater samples from the wider Portorož environs. It was established that groundwater in the well Lu-1/94 is result of seawater freshwater mixing and due to the presence of high organic content in the aquifer subject to highly redox conditions. Groundwater from the carbonate aquifer is highly over saturated with respect to calcite, dolomite, iron sulphides and carbonate, with the presence of H2S and NH4+. In the carbonate aquifer seawater is represented with 33% and in the flysh part with 6%. In the shallower part Ca2+ - Na+ - Cl- - SO42- - HCO3- hydrogeochemical facies is present followed by Na+ - Ca2+ - Cl-- SO42- - HCO3- facies in the other part of the borehole. In the carbonate part of the borehole Na+ - Ca2+ - Cl- - SO42- facies is present. Based on the comparison with other boreholes similar stratification is interpreted in the whole coastal aquifer around Portorož. Seawater is not distinctly separated from the freshwater flowing on it as it can be deduced from the hydrodynamical theory. Transition from freshwater to seawater is gradual and hydrogeochemicaly stratified. Hydrogeochemical stratification is very much related with the geological structure where big differences in physical and chemical properties among flysh and limestone rocks are present. Delta-18O values show that fresh groundwater is recharged from the hinterland and this can be supported also with structural interpretations. Based on these results we can conclude that in the area of southwestern Slovenia deep and extensive groundwater flow in the direction from the northeast to the southeast exist and discharges as submarine seepage into the eastern part of Gulf of Trieste. Above this regional groundwater flow many local perched aquifers exists with different hydrogeochemistry that is mainly controlled with simple Ca2+ Mg2+ CO2 H2O open system.

Brencic, M.

2009-04-01

381

The response of Corylus avellana L. phenology to rising temperature in north-eastern Slovenia.  

PubMed

Knowledge of plant-weather relationships can improve crop management, resulting in higher quality and more stable crop yields. The annual timing of spring phenophases in mid-latitudes is largely a response to temperature, and reflects the thermal conditions of previous months. The effect of air temperature on the variability of hazelnut (Corylus avellana L.) phenophases (leafing, flowering) was investigated. Meteorological and phenological data for five cultivars were analysed over the periods 1969-1979 (P1) and 1994-2007 (P2) in Maribor, Slovenia. Phenological data series were correlated strongly to the temperature of the preceding months (R(2): 0.64-0.98) and better correlated to daily maximum and mean temperatures than to daily minimum temperatures. About 75% of phenophases displayed a tendency towards earlier appearance and a shorter flowering duration during P2, which could be explained by the significant temperature changes (+0.3°C/decade) from December to April between 1969 and 2007. An increase in air temperature of 1°C caused an acceleration in leafing by 2.5-3.9 days, with flowering showing higher sensitivity since a 1°C increase promoted male flowering by 7.0-8.8 days and female flowering by 6.3-8.9 days. The average rate of phenological change per degree of warming (days earlier per +1°C) did not differ significantly between P1 and P2. An estimation of chilling accumulation under field conditions during 1993-2009, between 1 November and 28 February, showed that all four of these months contributed approximately similar amounts of accumulated chilling units. The growing degree days (GDD) to flowering were calculated by an estimated base temperature of 2°C and 1 January as a starting date, given the most accurate calculations. In general, thermal requirements were greater in P2 than in P1, although this difference was not significant. Longer-time series data extended to other agricultural and wild plants would be helpful in tracking possible future changes in phenological responses to local climate. PMID:21786017

Crepinšek, Zalika; Stampar, Franci; Kajfež-Bogataj, Lu?ka; Solar, Anita

2011-07-23

382

Availability of mental health service providers and suicide rates in Slovenia: a nationwide ecological study.  

PubMed

Aim. To investigate the influence of socioeconomic factors, mental health service availability, and prevalence of mental disorders on regional differences in the suicide rate in Slovenia. Methods. The effects of different socioeconomic factors, mental health service availability, and mental disorders factors on suicide rates from 2000-2009 were analyzed using a general linear mixed model (GLMM). Pearson correlations were used to explore the direction and magnitude of associations. Results. Among socioeconomic factors, unemployment rate ranked as the most powerful predictor of suicide and an increase of one unit in the unemployment rate increased regional suicide rate by 2.21 (?=2.21, 95% confidence intervals [CI]=1.87-2.54, P<0.001). On the other hand, higher marriage/divorce ratio was negatively related to the suicide rate and an increase of one unit in marriage/divorce ratio reduced regional suicide rate by 1.16 (?=-1.16, 95% CI=-2.20 to -0.13, P<0.031). The most influential mental health service availability parameter was higher psychiatrist availability (4 psychiatrists and more working at outpatient clinics per 100 000 inhabitants), which was negatively correlated with the suicide rate and reduced regional suicide rate by 2.95 (?=-2.95, 95% CI=-4.60 to -1.31, P=0.002). Another negatively correlated factor was the antidepressant/anxiolytic ratio higher than 0.5, which reduced the regional suicide rate by 2.32 (?=-2.32, 95% CI=-3.75 to -0.89, P=0.003). Among mental health disorders, only the prevalence of alcohol use disorders was significantly related to the regional suicide rates and an increase of one unit in the prevalence of alcohol use disorders per 1000 inhabitants increased the regional suicide rate by 0.02 (?=0.02, 95% CI=0.01- 0.03, P=0.008). Conclusions. Besides unemployment, which was a very strong predictor of suicide rates, unequal availability of mental health services and quality of depressive disorder treatment may contribute to variations in suicide rates in different regions. PMID:24170723

Korosec Jagodic, Helena; Rokavec, Tatjana; Agius, Mark; Pregelj, Peter

2013-10-28

383

Longidorus carniolensis sp. n. (Nematoda, Longidoridae) from vineyard soil in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

Abstract A new needle nematode, Longidorus carniolensis sp. n., recovered from the soil around the roots of grapevine Vitis vinifera L. from Slovenia, is described and illustrated. Longidorus carniolensisis an amphimictic species, characterised by females with a moderately long (L=5.6–8.2 mm) and plump (a=51–72.4, ave. 66.3) body, assuming a spiral to C-shape when heat relaxed. Head region continuous, anteriorly almost flat, lip region 23–25 ľm wide; guiding ring situated posteriorly (42–47 ?m, 43–50 ?m in males), odontostyle long (ave. 146.6 (136–157) ?m); pharyngeal glands with normal location, their nuclei of approximately equal size; tail bluntly conoidal to almost hemispherical. Males abundant, spicules slender and long (122–145 ?m), ventromedian supplements 13–17, irregularly spaced, preceded by an adanal pair. Four juvenile stages present, the first stage juvenile with bluntly conoidal tail. Codes for identifying the new species when using the key by Chen et al. (1997) are: A 56, B 4, C 4, D 1, E 4, F 35, G 1, H 1, I 2. The new species is morphologically the most similar to Longidorus poessneckensis Altherr, 1974, Longidorus macrosoma Hooper, 1961, Longidorus caespiticola Hooper, 1961, Longidorus helveticus Lamberti et al., 2001, Longidorus macroteromucronatus Altherr, 1974, Longidorus pius Barsi & Lamberti, 2001, Longidorus raskii Lamberti & Agostinelli, 1993, Longidorus kheirii Pedram et al. 2008, Longidorus silvae Roca, 1993, Longidorus iuglandis Roca et al., 1985, Longidorus vinearum Bravo & Roca, 1995 and Longidorus major Roca & d’Erico, 1987, but differs from these species either by the body and odontostyle length, position of guide ring, head region and tail shape or the shape of the first stage juvenile tail. Sequence data from the D2-D3 region of the 28S rDNA distinguishes this new species from other speciesof the genus Longidorus with known sequences. Relationships of Longidorus carniolensis sp. n. with other Longidorus species based on analysis of this DNA fragment and morphology are discussed.

Sirca, Sasa; Urek, Gregor; Lazarova, Stela; Elshishka, Milka; Peneva, Vlada

2011-01-01

384

[90th anniversary of founding the first children's hospital in Serbia].  

PubMed

The first children's hospital in Serbia, as an exclusive paediatric intitution, was founded in a deserted military barrack in Studenieka Street, near the Military Hospital, in January 1919. The founder was Dr. Katherine MacPhail, a young Scottish lady doctor, who came to Serbia for the first time in January 1915, with the first "Scottish Women's Hospital". After that, she worked as a volunteer during the First World War in France and on the Thessalonica Front. In the spring of 1919, the hospital was given an open pavilion in Topcider, which worked only during the summer months till 1924. In November 1919, the hospital was moved to a new building in Knez Milos Street, and then named The Anglo-Serbian Children's Hospital. In February 1920, a new annex, called "Villa Bravaci?", was opened in Dubrovnik, which was active till 1922. In this hospital, the first Training School for Serbian Nurses was opened in 1921, and in February of that year, the hospital moved into its new permanent house in Visegradska Street, where it had 70 beds, three wards with a modern operating theatre, outpatients' department, X-ray outfit and a pharmacy. Because of much better working conditions, the Children's Surgical Department of the General State Hospital headed by Dr. Dimitrije Jovci?, later a professor of the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade, was accommodated in this hospital from 1923 to 1931. Apart from him, in this hospital, there used to work a number of young Serbian physicians and several of them later became professors of the Belgrade Faculty of Medicine. The hospital worked till 1934, when it was closed, the building was sold and from that money Dr. MacPhail built a new Anglo-Yugoslav Children's Hospital for Tuberculosis of Bones and Joints in Sremska Kamenica. PMID:19950771

Miki?, Zelimir; Lesi?, Aleksandar

385

Dosimetric verification of radiotherapy treatment planning systems in Serbia: national audit  

PubMed Central

Background Independent external audits play an important role in quality assurance programme in radiation oncology. The audit supported by the IAEA in Serbia was designed to review the whole chain of activities in 3D conformal radiotherapy (3D-CRT) workflow, from patient data acquisition to treatment planning and dose delivery. The audit was based on the IAEA recommendations and focused on dosimetry part of the treatment planning and delivery processes. Methods The audit was conducted in three radiotherapy departments of Serbia. An anthropomorphic phantom was scanned with a computed tomography unit (CT) and treatment plans for eight different test cases involving various beam configurations suggested by the IAEA were prepared on local treatment planning systems (TPSs). The phantom was irradiated following the treatment plans for these test cases and doses in specific points were measured with an ionization chamber. The differences between the measured and calculated doses were reported. Results The measurements were conducted for different photon beam energies and TPS calculation algorithms. The deviation between the measured and calculated values for all test cases made with advanced algorithms were within the agreement criteria, while the larger deviations were observed for simpler algorithms. The number of measurements with results outside the agreement criteria increased with the increase of the beam energy and decreased with TPS calculation algorithm sophistication. Also, a few errors in the basic dosimetry data in TPS were detected and corrected. Conclusions The audit helped the users to better understand the operational features and limitations of their TPSs and resulted in increased confidence in dose calculation accuracy using TPSs. The audit results indicated the shortcomings of simpler algorithms for the test cases performed and, therefore the transition to more advanced algorithms is highly desirable.

2012-01-01

386

Role of the Science Society in the Project Ruka u Testu (La main 30 la pate) in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The operation "Ruka u testu" found in Serbia a favourable ground for its development. Started in 2001, it received a broad echo in the public opinion, well beyond the teacher's world. The operation was also supported by many institutions as well as a great number of university professors and researchers. Since 2003, the Serbian Ministry of Education decided to propose an option "Ruka u testu - Discovering the World" for pupils of 6-8 years old. This option allows children to enter a process of self-discovery of sciences by experimenting. The first South-East European Summer School for Hands on Primary Science Education, has been organized in Serbia. The help of Pierre Léna during all our activities was very important and estimable.

Jokic, S.

387

Fluid-Inclusion Evidence for an Upper-Mantle Origin for Green Clinopyroxenes in Late Cenozoic Basanites from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field, Northern Hungary\\/Southern Slovakia  

Microsoft Academic Search

Green clinopyroxenes with elevated Fe and Na contents coexist with “normal” clinopyroxene phenocrysts in alkali basalts from the Nógrád-Gömör Volcanic Field (NGVF) of northern Hungary and southern Slovakia. The coexistence of these clinopyroxenes with incompatible compositions in the same sample is often used as evidence for mixing between a mafic and a more evolved melt. However, results of fluid-inclusion, textural,

Cs. Szabó; R. J. Bodnar

1998-01-01

388

The Formation, Structure, and Ageing of As-Rich Hydrous Ferric Oxide at the Abandoned Sb Deposit Pezinok (Slovakia)  

SciTech Connect

The abandoned Sb deposit Pezinok in Slovakia is a significant source of As and Sb pollution that can be traced in the upper horizons of soils kilometers downstream. The source of the metalloids are two tailing impoundments which hold {approx}380,000 m{sup 3} of mining waste. The tailings and the discharged water have circumneutral pH values (7.0 {+-} 0.6) because the acidity generated by the decomposition of the primary sulfides (pyrite, FeS{sub 2}; arsenopyrite, FeAsS; berthierite, FeSb{sub 2}S{sub 4}) is rapidly neutralized by the abundant carbonates. The weathering rims on the primary sulfides are iron oxides which act as very efficient scavengers of As and Sb (with up to 19.2 wt% As and 23.7 wt% Sb). In-situ {mu}-XANES experiments indicate that As in the weathering rims is fully oxidized (As{sup 5+}). The pore solutions in the impoundment body contain up to 81 ppm As and 2.5 ppm Sb. Once these solutions are discharged from the impoundments, they precipitate or deposit masses of As-rich hydrous ferric oxide (As-HFO) with up to 28.3 wt% As{sub 2}O{sub 5} and 2.7 wt% Sb. All As-HFO samples are amorphous to X-rays. They contain Fe and As in their highest oxidation state and in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination, respectively, as suggested by XANES and EXAFS studies on Fe K and As K edges. The iron octahedra in the As-HFO share edges to form short single chains and the chains polymerize by sharing edges or corners with the adjacent units. The arsenate ions attach to the chains in a bidentate-binuclear and monodentate fashion. In addition, hydrogen-bonded complexes may exist to satisfy the bonding requirements of all oxygen atoms in the first coordination sphere of As{sup 5+}. Structural changes in the As-HFO samples were traced by chemical analyses and Fe EXAFS spectroscopy during an ageing experiment. As the samples age, As becomes more easily leachable. EXAFS spectra show a discernible trend of increasing number of Fe-Fe pairs at a distance of 3.3-3.5 {angstrom}, that is, increasing polymerization of the iron octahedra to form larger units with fewer adsorption sites. Therefore, although ferrihydrite is an excellent material for capturing arsenic, its use as a medium for a long-term storage of As has to be considered with a great caution because it will tend to release arsenic as it ages.

Majzlan,J.; Lalinska, B.; Chovan, M.; Jurkovic, L.; Milovska, S.; Gottlicher, J.

2007-01-01

389

The formation, structure, and ageing of As-rich hydrous ferric oxide at the abandoned Sb deposit Pezinok (Slovakia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The abandoned Sb deposit Pezinok in Slovakia is a significant source of As and Sb pollution that can be traced in the upper horizons of soils kilometers downstream. The source of the metalloids are two tailing impoundments which hold ˜380,000 m 3 of mining waste. The tailings and the discharged water have circumneutral pH values (7.0 ą 0.6) because the acidity generated by the decomposition of the primary sulfides (pyrite, FeS 2; arsenopyrite, FeAsS; berthierite, FeSb 2S 4) is rapidly neutralized by the abundant carbonates. The weathering rims on the primary sulfides are iron oxides which act as very efficient scavengers of As and Sb (with up to 19.2 wt% As and 23.7 wt% Sb). In-situ ?-XANES experiments indicate that As in the weathering rims is fully oxidized (As 5+). The pore solutions in the impoundment body contain up to 81 ppm As and 2.5 ppm Sb. Once these solutions are discharged from the impoundments, they precipitate or deposit masses of As-rich hydrous ferric oxide (As-HFO) with up to 28.3 wt% As 2O 5 and 2.7 wt% Sb. All As-HFO samples are amorphous to X-rays. They contain Fe and As in their highest oxidation state and in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination, respectively, as suggested by XANES and EXAFS studies on Fe K and As K edges. The iron octahedra in the As-HFO share edges to form short single chains and the chains polymerize by sharing edges or corners with the adjacent units. The arsenate ions attach to the chains in a bidentate-binuclear and monodentate fashion. In addition, hydrogen-bonded complexes may exist to satisfy the bonding requirements of all oxygen atoms in the first coordination sphere of As 5+. Structural changes in the As-HFO samples were traced by chemical analyses and Fe EXAFS spectroscopy during an ageing experiment. As the samples age, As becomes more easily leachable. EXAFS spectra show a discernible trend of increasing number of Fe-Fe pairs at a distance of 3.3-3.5 Ĺ, that is, increasing polymerization of the iron octahedra to form larger units with fewer adsorption sites. Therefore, although ferrihydrite is an excellent material for capturing arsenic, its use as a medium for a long-term storage of As has to be considered with a great caution because it will tend to release arsenic as it ages.

Majzlan, Juraj; Lalinská, Bronislava; Chovan, Martin; Jurkovi?, L.'ubomír; Milovská, Stanislava; Göttlicher, Jörg

2007-09-01

390

State of water molecules and silanol groups in opal minerals: a near infrared spectroscopic study of opals from Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, near infrared spectroscopy in combination with double derivative technique has been effectively used by Christy (Vib Spectrosc 54:42-49, 2010) to study and differentiate between free and hydrogen bonded silanol groups on silica gel surface. The method has given some insight into the type of functionalities, their location in silica gel samples, and the way the water molecules bind onto the silanol groups. The important information in this respect comes from the overtones of the OH groups of water molecules hydrogen-bonded to free silanol groups, and hydrogen-bonded silanol groups absorbing in the region 5,500-5,100 cm-1. Chemically, opal minerals are hydrated silica and the same approach was adapted to study the state of water molecules, silanol functionalities, and their locations in opal samples from Slovakia. Twenty opal samples classified into CT and A classes and one quartz sample were used in this work. The samples were crushed using a hydraulic press and powderized. Each sample was then subjected to evacuation process to remove surface-adsorbed water at 200°C, and the near infrared spectrum of each sample was measured using a Perkin Elmer NTS FT-NIR spectrometer equipped with a transflectance accessory and a DTGS detector. The samples were also heated to 750°C to remove the hydrogen-bonded silanol groups on the surface to reveal their locality. Second derivative profiles of the near infrared reflectance spectra were obtained using the instrument's software and used in the detailed analysis of the samples. The analysis of the near infrared spectra and their second derivative profiles had the aim in finding relationships between the surface chemical structure and the classification of opal samples. The dry opal samples were also tested for their surface adsorption effectivity toward water molecules. The results indicate that the opal samples contain (1) surface-adsorbed water, (2) free and hydrogen-bonded silanol groups on the surface, (3) trapped water molecules in the bulk, and (4) free and hydrogen-bonded silanol groups in the cavity surfaces in the bulk. A part of the water molecules in the bulk of opal minerals are found as free molecules and the rest are found in hydrogen-bonded state to either free or vicinal or geminal silanol groups.

Bobo?, Miroslav; Christy, Alfred A.; Kluvanec, Daniel; Illášová, L'udmila

2011-12-01

391

Incidence of micronuclei in pregnant women and cord blood samples before and after the bombing of Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: This study provides the data regarding monitoring of population using CB-micronuclei assay in the period 1995-2001 in Serbia. The target groups consisted of 45 pregnant women of mean age 34.3(6.56) years, unaware of being exposed to chemicals drugs or other substances and undergo- ing cordocentesis. The incidence of micronuclei (MN) in peripheral blood lymphocytes and in fetal cord blood

Miroslava Stanković; Gordana Joksić

392

‘It was like fighting a war with our own people’: anti-war activism in Serbia during the 1990s  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article discusses anti-war and anti-nationalism activism that took place in Serbia and, particularly, in Belgrade during the 1990s. It analyzes anti-war activism as aiming to combat collective states of denial. Based on fieldwork research conducted in 2004–05, and particularly on an analysis of interviews conducted with anti-war activists in Belgrade, this text closely analyzes the nuanced voices and approaches

Orli Fridman

2011-01-01

393

The relationship between whole effluent toxicity (WET) and chemical-based effluent quality assessment in Vojvodina (Serbia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relationship between whole effluent toxicity (WET) and chemical-based effluent quality assessment across a range of effluent\\u000a types was examined for the first time in Serbia. WET was determined by Daphnia magna acute tests, while chemical-based toxicity was taken as theoretical for concentrations of priority chemicals and effluent\\u000a quality assessment based on the valid Serbian regulations. A poor correlation was

Ivana Teodorovi?; Milena Be?eli?; Ivana Planojevi?; Ivana Ivan?ev-Tumbas; Božo Dalmacija

2009-01-01

394

Molecular characterization of avian paramyxovirus type 1 (Newcastle disease) viruses isolated from pigeons between 2000 and 2008 in Slovenia.  

PubMed

Fourteen avian paramyxovirus type 1 (APMV-1; Newcastle disease) viruses isolated from dead free-living and domestic pigeons in Slovenia between 2000 and 2008 were analyzed by a molecular characterization of a part of the fusion protein gene, which included the region encoding the fusion protein cleavage site. Phylogenetic analysis indicated that the Slovene pigeon paramyxovirus type 1 (PPMV-1) viruses do not cluster together but instead are divided into two groups--4bi and 4bii--of sublineage 4b. Nine Slovenian strains were placed in group 4bii. Five other strains clustered together with PPMV-1 from group 4bi. The sequence of the fusion protein cleavage site of all Slovenian strains was typical for pathogenic APMV-1. The 112RRQKRF117 motif was present in the strains from group 4bii, whereas strains from group 4bi displayed the 112GRQKRF117 motif. PMID:20945791

Krapez, Uros; Steyer, Adela Fratnik; Slavec, Brigita; Barlic-Maganja, Darja; Dovc, Alenka; Racnik, Jozko; Rojs, Olga Zorman

2010-09-01

395

Norway spruce needles as bioindicator of air pollution in the area of influence of the Sostanj Thermal Power Plant, Slovenia.  

PubMed

This paper reports the results of total sulphur content, photosynthetic pigments, ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and alpha-tocopherol (vitamin E) analysed in current-year needles of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) in the area influenced by sulphur emissions from the Sostanj Thermal Power Plant (STPP), Slovenia, in the period 1991-2004. Ten differently polluted sampling sites in the emission area of STPP were selected. After desulphurization of emission gases from STPP total sulphur content in needles decreased and vitality parameters of needles increased. Moreover, a strong correlation between the average annual emissions of SO(2) from STPP and average annual sulphur content (increase) or average annual chlorophyll content (decrease) in current-year needles was found. The results showed that spruce needles may be an useful bioindicator for detecting changes in the emission rates of SO(2). PMID:17664035

Al Sayegh Petkovsek, Samar; Batic, Franc; Ribaric Lasnik, Cvetka

2007-07-30

396

Fractionation of natural radionuclides in soils from the vicinity of a former uranium mine Zirovski vrh, Slovenia.  

PubMed

As a result of former uranium mining and milling activities at Zirovski vrh, Slovenia, 0.6 million tons of uranium mill tailings (UMT) were deposited onto a nearby waste pile Borst. Resulting enhanced levels of natural radionuclides in UMT could pose threat for the surrounding environment. Therefore, sequential extraction protocol was performed to assess mobility and bioavailability of (238)U, (234)U, (230)Th and (226)Ra in soils from the waste pile and its surrounding. The radionuclides associated with exchangeable, organic, carbonate, Fe/Mn oxides and residual fraction, respectively, were determined. Results showed that the highest activity concentrations for the studied radionuclides were on the bottom of the waste pile. In non-contaminated locations, about 80% of all radionuclides were in the residual fraction. Considering activity concentrations in the UMT, (238)U and (234)U are the most mobile. Mobility of (226)Ra is suppressed by high sulphate concentrations and is similar to mobility of (230)Th. PMID:19762128

Strok, Marko; Smodis, Borut

2009-09-16

397

Human milk POPs and neonatal risk trend from 1982 to 2009 in the same geographic region in Serbia.  

PubMed

Three groups of POPs - DDT, HCH and PCBs were monitored in early human milk for 27 years (1982-2009), as a measure of environmental pollution in the same geographic region (South Ba?ka, Voyvodina, Serbia). Measurements were performed using ECD GC Varian 3400. Concetrations of DDT and HCH had general decreasing trend from 1982 to 2009. However, the concentrations of both groups of compounds showed small rises in 1994. Concentrations of PCBs had general decreasing trend from 1982 to 2009 - smooth and steep only till 1994 and with two small peaks in 2003 and 2009. The latest estimated daily intake of DDT and HCH was well below the EU upper limit for pesticides in food intended for infants and small children. Although the estimated daily intake of PCBs was far below the upper limit for daily milk products in Serbia, its increase in 2003 and 2009 is a clear indication of environmental influx of these compounds after the 1994 measurements. The likely explanation for such POP profiles in South Ba?ka could have been a series of negative environmental impacts escalating in 1999, after which four hot spots were identified in Serbia (Novi Sad, Pan?evo, Bor and Kragujevac) by UNEP. The results of this monitoring showed that although a long standing environmental presence of POPs has a decreasing trend, their occasional output in the environment may cause bioaccumulation and biomagnification in human organisms which already start in the neonatal age through mother-child transfer via human milk. PMID:23403145

Vukavi?, T; Vojinovi? Miloradov, M; Mihajlovi?, I; Ristivojevi?, A

2013-02-09

398

Constraints on the active tectonics of the Friuli\\/NW Slovenia area from CGPS measurements and three-dimensional kinematic modeling  

Microsoft Academic Search

We use site velocities from continuous GPS (CGPS) observations and kinematic modeling to investigate the active tectonics of the Friuli\\/NW Slovenia area. Data from 42 CGPS stations around the Adriatic indicate an oblique collision, with southern Friuli moving NNW toward northern Friuli at the relative speed of 1.6 to 2.2 mm\\/a. We investigate the active tectonics using 3DMove, a three-dimensional

M. Bechtold; M. Battaglia; D. C. Tanner; D. Zuliani

2009-01-01

399

Groundwater nitrate vulnerability assessment in alluvial aquifer using process-based models and weights-of-evidence method: Lower Savinja Valley case study (Slovenia)  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes the implementation of process-based models reflecting relative groundwater nitrate vulnerability of the\\u000a shallow alluvial Lower Savinja Valley (LSV) aquifer in Slovenia. A spatially explicit identification of the potentially vulnerable\\u000a priority areas within groundwater bodies at risk from a chemical point of view is being required for cost-effective measures\\u000a and monitoring planning. The shallow LSV unconfined aquifer system

Jože Uhan; Goran Vižintin; Jože Pezdi?

400

Heterogeneous extrusion and exhumation of deep-crustal Variscan assembly: Geochronology of the Western Tatra Mountains, northern Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The nature and style of mid-crustal assembly and exhumation during continental collision has been investigated in the Tatra Mountains of the Western Carpathians. The pre-Alpine basement of the Western Carpathians represents the easternmost exposure of the Variscan orogen in Europe, which marks the collision of Laurasia with Gondwanian-affiliated terranes during the Palaeozoic. The Tatric crystalline unit of the Western Tatra in northern Slovakia displays an inverted metamorphic sequence where a high-grade unit comprising migmatites with relicts of eclogite has been thrust over a lower-grade mica schist unit. New geochronological and thermochronological data together with published thermobarometry illuminate the metamorphic history of the Western Tatra. The Upper Unit eclogites with occasionally preserved omphacite record near isothermal decompression from 1.6 GPa to 1.0-1.2 GPa at 750-800 °C which lead to intensive re-equilibration at high-pressure granulite facies conditions, comparable to the peak metamorphic conditions of the host migmatite. Both eclogite and migmatite shared a retrograde P-T path following the insertion of the eclogite assemblage into the migmatites. The metamorphic evolution of the Lower Unit mica schist is constrained to peak P-T conditions of 0.6-0.8 GPa and 640 and 660 °C followed by retrogression. This suggests that different rock types of the Western Tatra metamorphic core shared only their exhumation path from mid-crustal levels. ID-TIMS Sm-Nd dating of garnet from eclogite yields a whole rock-garnet isochron age of 337 ą 10 Ma, with an initial ?Nd isotopic composition of + 8.3. In situ U-Pb dating of monazite from a migmatite surrounding the eclogite shows one age population of c. 380 Ma whereas monazite from a migmatite away from the eclogite preserves a robust 340 ą 11 Ma age which is indistinguishable from Sm-Nd garnet age and U-Pb age of zircons in the anatectic leucosome of the migmatite (347 ą 7 Ma). A younger monazite age population from the migmatite of 300 ą 16 Ma is consistent with 40Ar/39Ar mica ages of c. 310 Ma. This argues for a contemporaneous, and likely shared, exhumation path of the assemblage pair. In situ monazite total-Pb analyses from the Lower Unit mica schists yields xenocrystic and c. 370 Ma ages, but no geochronologic evidence for peak Variscan tectonism. Exhumation of the deep crustal root occurred most probably in a two-stage process. The timing of the high-pressure, eclogite facies metamorphism before the onset of exhumation into the mid crust, was likely between c. 380 Ma and 360 Ma. Subsequent exhumation into the middle crust was coeval with migmatite generation at c. 340 Ma and garnet diffusion modeling suggest ~ 30 °C/Ma cooling rates. The exhumation was likely tectonically forced by the action of a rigid indentor, which prompted the weak lower crust to be heterogeneously extruded to mid-crustal levels at a time coeval with anatexis and subsequently extruded with mid-crustal material to the upper crust.

Moussallam, Y.; Schneider, D. A.; Janák, M.; Thöni, M.; Holm, D. K.

2012-07-01

401

Preface: Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Magnetic Fluids (ICMF 11) (Košice, Slovakia, 23 27 July 2007)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The 11th International Conference on Magnetic Fluids (ICMF 11) was held in Košice, Slovakia between 23-27 July 2007. Attendance at the conference was high and its motivation was in line with the ten previous ICMF conferences organized in Udine, Orlando, Bangor, Sendai-Tokyo, Riga, Paris, Bhavnagar, Timisoara, Bremen and Guarujá. The conference in Slovakia reflected the scientific community's enthusiasm and worldwide support, with 256 participants, from 30 countries attending.The main objective of ICMF 11 was to promote progress and knowledge in the field of magnetic fluids regarding their chemistry, physical and magnetic properties, heat and mass transfer, surface phenomena, as well as their technological and biomedical applications. As research on magnetic fluids is essentially interdisciplinary, experts from related areas were invited to present their contributions with a view to increasing knowledge in the field and highlighting new trends. Submitted communications were refereed by members of the Scientific Organizing Committee and abstracts were assembled in a book of abstracts. Participants presented 180 posters in two poster sessions and 56 oral presentations. All presentations contributed to a greater understanding of the area, and helped to bridge the gap between physics, chemistry, technology, biology and medical sciences. Contributions to this conference are presented in 115 scientific papers, with some published in Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter and the rest in Magnetohydrodynamics. The organization of the conference was made possible by generous support from the Institute of Experimental Physics and Institute of Geotechnics of the Slovak Academy of Sciences, the University of Pavol Jozef Šafárik and the Slovak Physical Society. Financial support from Ferrotec, Cryosoft Ltd, Mikrochem, Liquids Research Ltd, Askony and US Steel Košice, is also gratefully acknowledged.

Kop?anský, Peter; Timko, Milan; Ková?, Josef; Václavíková, Miroslava; Odenbach, Stefan

2008-05-01

402

Heat waves frequency analysis and spatial-temporal variability of daily maximum temperature in southern Slovakia within the 1951, respectively 1961-2008 periods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Heat waves temporal and spatial analysis at selected meteorological stations in southern part of Slovakia within the 1951, respectively 1961-2008 periods is a goal of the presented contribution. It is expected that climate change in terms of global warming would amplify temporal frequency and spatial extension of extreme heat wave incidence in region of central Europe in the next few decades. The frequency of occurrence and amplitude of heat waves may be impacted by changes in the temperature regime. Heat waves can cause severe thermal environmental stress leading to higher hospital admission rates, health complications, and increased mortality. These effects arise because of one or more meteorology-related factors such as higher effective temperatures, sunshine, more consecutive hot days and nights, stagnation, increased humidity, increased pollutant emissions, and accelerated photochemical smog and particulate formation. Heat waves bring about higher temperatures, increased solar heating of buildings, inhibited ventilation, and a larger number of consecutive warm days and nights. All of these effects increase the thermal loads on buildings, reduce their ability to cool down, and increase indoor temperatures. The paper deals with analysis of temporal and spatial variability of heat waves occurrence at meteorological station Hurbanovo (time series of daily maximum air temperature available from at least 1901) and some other climatological stations in lowlands of southern Slovakia (Žiharec, Bratislava-airport, Jaslovské Bohunice, KráÄžová pri Senci, etc.). We can characterize the heat waves by its magnitude and duration, hence both of these characteristics need to be investigated together using sophisticated statistical methods developed particularly for the analysis of extreme hydrological events. These methods are quite similar to the intensity-duration-frequency approach often used in the analysis of extreme precipitation events. The HDF-curves (heatwave-duration-frequency curves) defining relation between duration and return period of heat wave is usually modelled utilizing the general extreme value distribution (GEV).

Pecho, J.; Faško, P.; Mikulová, K.; Šâstný, P.

2009-09-01

403

Assessment of vessel-generated waste quantities on the inland waterways of the Republic of Serbia.  

PubMed

To establish the quantity and structure of waste generated during inland vessel exploitation, it is necessary to determine the amount of traffic on the waterways, the number of vessel dockings that generate and deliver waste materials to ports, and the types of inland navigation vessels. Criteria must also be established for the calculation of estimated average waste quantities. This paper presents a methodology for the assessment of waste material quantities that was developed as part of the Technological Development Project TR 21037 of the Republic of Serbia. Required information on the amount of traffic, vessel types and numbers as well as the number of dockings was extracted from questionnaires and interviews with watermen and researchers. A set of criteria was defined in order to determine the number of passengers and crewmembers and to establish and classify quantities of vessel-generated waste (sanitary and fecal wastewater, bilge wastewater, waste oils, and solid waste). These data allowed for the Preliminary analysis of the national waterway traffic and transport infrastructure to be carried out. Results presented in this paper have triggered a number of recommendations for the construction of terminals and other facilities for the reception and management of waste streams, from the vessel where the waste is generated to the final destinations for waste processing and deposition. This is particularly applicable to countries who have not yet tackled the problem of vessel-generated waste. PMID:22325587

Presburger Ulnikovic, Vladanka; Vukic, Marija; Nikolic, Radosav

2011-12-29

404

Toxicity of metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, zoxamide and mancozeb to Phytophthora infestans isolates from Serbia.  

PubMed

A study of the in vitro sensitivity of 12 isolates of Phytophthora infestans to metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, zoxamide and mancozeb, was conducted. The isolates derived from infected potato leaves collected at eight different localities in Serbia during 2005-2007. The widest range of EC(50) values for mycelial growth of the isolates was recorded for metalaxyl. They varied from 0.3 to 3.9 ?g mL(-1) and were higher than those expected in a susceptible population of P. infestans. The EC(50) values of the isolates were 0.16-0.30 ?g mL(-1) for dimethomorph, 0.27-0.57 ?g mL(-1) for cymoxanil, 0.0026-0.0049 ?g mL(-1) for zoxamide and 2.9-5.0 ?g mL(-1) for mancozeb. The results indicated that according to effective concentration (EC(50)) the 12 isolates of P. infestans were sensitive to azoxystrobin (0.019-0.074 ?g mL(-1)), and intermediate resistant to metalaxyl, dimethomorph and cymoxanil. According to resistance factor, all P. infestans isolates were sensitive to dimethomorph, cymoxanil, mancozeb and zoxamide, 58.3% of isolates were sensitive to azoxystrobin and 50% to metalaxyl. Gout's scale indicated that 41.7% isolates were moderately sensitive to azoxystrobin and 50% to metalaxyl. PMID:22424065

Rekanovi?, Emil; Poto?nik, Ivana; Milijaševi?-Mar?i?, Svetlana; Stepanovi?, Miloš; Todorovi?, Biljana; Mihajlovi?, Milica

2012-01-01

405

Risk characterization for mercury, dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane and polychlorinated biphenyls associated with fish consumption in Serbia.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to assess the risk due to mercury (Hg), dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) and non-dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (ndl PCBs) intake via fish consumption in Serbia. We have developed 24 scenarios using four concentration levels (mean, maximum, 50th and 95th percentile) of contaminants, determined in 521 samples of fish products available on Serbian market; two consumption levels (Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization data and recommendation of American Heart Association); and three body weights (5th, 50th and 95th percentile). All the values concerning the intake of DDT are below the corresponding health based guidance value. Calculated weekly intake of Hg using maximal concentration, intake of 340g/week and 5th percentile of body weight exceeded the provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI). When maximal and 95th percentile concentration of ndl PCBs was used, weekly intakes exceeded a "guidance value" with one exception i.e., when 95th percentile of concentration along with 95th percentile of body weight were used. Concerning Hg and ndl PCBs, when extreme concentrations were used, HIs exceeded the value of 1, indicating that fish and fishery products may pose a threat to consumer's health. PMID:21763389

Antonijevic, B; Jankovic, S; Curcic, M; Durgo, K; Stokic, E; Srdic, B; Tomic-Naglic, D

2011-07-07

406

A need for holistic approach to the occupational health developing (in Serbia).  

PubMed

Countries in transition, such as Serbia, have been going through obligatory system reforms, including the reform of the healthcare system. As a rule, occupational health becomes marginalized by the authorities who decide on medical care. In spite of the fact that this branch of medicine cares for working population that mostly carries the burden of transition, when material situation equals the existential minimum, its potentials are not recognized. On the other hand, the World Health Organization makes a remark that such population's health is undermined now more than ever, and adopts a binding global plan for member countries and their experts in occupational health to take urgent measures for overall working people's health according to their needs. It seems that former work method of biomedicine specialists could not realize such ambition. This paper discusses the possibilities of occupational health future orientation toward holistic medicine, for the sake of workers' well-being and better quality of their lives, then creation of more humane society and vocational affirmation. Health promotion at workplace and salutogenic concept may have crucial roles. This concept is a huge challenge for academic public and vocational practitioners in poor countries in transition that are already burdened with the current economic and financial crisis. Each in their own way, helped by self-education and education, without big material investments, together they may take their countries to the road of health, the road still rarely taken, yet more secure. PMID:21833693

Arandjelovic, Mirjana

2011-07-21

407

An ethnobotanical study on the usage of wild medicinal herbs from Kopaonik Mountain (Central Serbia).  

PubMed

An ethnobotanical survey was carried out on the territory of the highest mountain in Central Serbia, Kopaonik, which is characterized by great plant diversity. In total, 83 wild species from 41 families and 96 preparations for use in human therapy were recorded. Among those wild plants which are most commonly used for medicinal purposes, Hypericum perforatum L., Urtica dioica L., Achillea millefolium L., Matricaria chamomilla L., Sambucus nigra L., and Thymus serpyllum L. were particularly highly recommended by the majority of informants as being 'beneficial for all ailments'. The most frequently reported medicinal uses were for treating gastrointestinal ailments (50%), skin injuries and problems (25.6%), followed by respiratory, urinary-genital and cardiovascular problems (20.5%, 20.5%, 19.2%, respectively). Plants with unusual phytotherapeutic uses are Galium verum L. (sedative properties) and Eupatorium cannabinum L. (influenza-like illnesses), while plants with interesting but lesser-known properties include Daphne laureola L. (rheumatism and skin ailments) and Ficaria verna Huds. (tubers for treating haemorrhoids). In addition, 10 wild species used in veterinary medicine, as well as 25 herbs used for human nourishment were noted. PMID:17145148

Jari?, Snezana; Popovi?, Zorica; Macukanovi?-Joci?, Marina; Djurdjevi?, Lola; Mijatovi?, Miroslava; Karadzi?, Branko; Mitrovi?, Miroslava; Pavlovi?, Pavle

2006-11-12

408

Edaphic factors affecting the vertical distribution of radionuclides in the different soil types of Belgrade, Serbia.  

PubMed

The specific activities of natural radionuclides ((40)K, (226)Ra and (232)Th) and Chernobyl-derived (137)Cs were measured in soil profiles representing typical soil types of Belgrade (Serbia): chernozems, fluvisols, humic gleysols, eutric cambisols, vertisols and gleyic fluvisols. The influence of soil properties and content of stable elements on radionuclide distribution down the soil profiles (at 5 cm intervals up to 50 cm depth) was analysed. Correlation analysis identified associations of (40)K, (226)Ra and (137)Cs with fine-grained soil fractions. Significant positive correlations were found between (137)Cs specific activity and both organic matter content and cation exchange capacity. Saturated hydraulic conductivity and specific electrical conductivity were also positively correlated with the specific activity of (137)Cs. The strong positive correlations between (226)Ra and (232)Th specific activities and Fe and Mn indicate an association with oxides of these elements in soil. The correlations observed between (40)K and Cr, Ni, Pb and Zn and also between (137)Cs and Cd, Cr, Pb and Zn could be attributed to their common affinity for clay minerals. These results provide insight into the main factors that affect radionuclide migration in the soil, which contributes to knowledge about radionuclide behaviour in the environment and factors governing their mobility within terrestrial ecosystems. PMID:22072061

Dragovi?, Snežana; Gaji?, Boško; Dragovi?, Ranko; Jankovi?-Mandi?, Ljiljana; Slavkovi?-Beškoski, Latinka; Mihailovi?, Nevena; Mom?ilovi?, Milan; ?uji?, Mirjana

2011-11-10

409

Trichinella infections in different host species of an endemic district of Serbia.  

PubMed

Trichinella infections are endemic in the Balkan region of Europe. Though trichinellosis and agents thereof are serious problems for human health and animal husbandry, only a limited number of Trichinella isolates from Serbia have been identified at the species level so far. The aim of the present study was the surveillance and monitoring of Trichinella in domestic pigs and wild animals from the endemic district of Branicevo. Investigations performed during the 2009-2010 period revealed Trichinella infections in 344 out of 282,960 (0.12%) domestic pigs. Among wildlife, Trichinella infections were detected in 11 out of 94 (11.7%) wild boars (Sus scrofa), 7 out of 57 (12.3%) red foxes (Vulpes vulpes), 7 out of 13 (53.8%) golden jackals (Canis aureus), and in all three examined wolves (Canis lupus). Trichinella spiralis and Trichinella britovi were the only two species identified. T. britovi was identified in 31% of isolates from wildlife of the Branicevo district and T. spiralis was found in 53% of wild animals; mixed infections were observed in 16% of the animals examined. Findings form the basis of an information campaign for veterinary services, pig owners and the hunter's associations about the risk of the transmission of these zoonotic agents. The application of control programs as established at the Veterinary Specialist Institute of Pozarevac resulted in a decline in Trichinella infections among domestic pigs and the absence of human trichinellosis in the last three years in the Branicevo district. PMID:23453823

Zivojinovic, M; Sofronic-Milosavljevic, Lj; Cvetkovic, J; Pozio, E; Interisano, M; Plavsic, B; Radojicic, S; Kulisic, Z

2013-02-05

410

Follow-up study of prevalence and control of ascariasis in swine populations in Serbia.  

PubMed

The cause of the most significant helminth diseases in swine - Ascaris suum, can also causes infections in humans. The use of swine manure in agriculture renders the eggs of this ascaridida an accessible source of infection, thus posing a significant risk factor for human health. With the objective of proving the prevalence of infection with A. suum nematodes in the territory of Serbia, investigations were carried out in the period between 2007-2011 in the territories of five districts: North Ba?ka, South Banat, Brani?evo, Zlatibor and Nišava. The investigations covered coprological examinations of 1031 feces samples of swine originating from farms owned by individual breeders. The samples were examined using the standard flotation method with a saturated water solution of NaCl. The established prevalence of ascariasis infection amounted to 47.62% (1031/491). The biggest prevalence of infection was determined in the territory of the Brani?evo District, 65.78% (301/198), and the smallest in the territory of the Nišava District, 32.24% (183/59). In spite of its prevalence and vast economic importance, there is still insufficient information about the key aspects of the biology and epidemiology of A. suum. Viewed from the aspect of epizootiology, it is very important to know the prevalence of swine infections with Ascaris because of the possible infection of humans by its migrating larvae. PMID:23990423

Ili?, Tamara; Becskei, Zsolt; Tasi?, Aleksandar; Dimitrijevi?, Sanda

2013-08-29

411

Sequence polymorphism of the mitochondrial DNA control region in the population of Vojvodina Province, Serbia.  

PubMed

In order to generate and establish the database for forensic identification purposes in Vojvodina Province (Serbia), the sequence of the hypervariable regions 1 (HV1) and 2 (HV2) of the mtDNA control region were determined in a population of 104 unrelated individuals from Vojvodina Province, using a fluorescent-based capillary electrophoresis sequencing method. A total of 93 different haplotypes were found, of these 83 mtDNA types were unique, nine haplotypes were shared by two individuals and one haplotype by three individuals. The variation of mtDNA HV1 and HV2 regions was confined to 116 nucleotide positions, of which 72 were observed in the HV1 and 44 in the HV2. A statistical estimate of the results for this population showed the genetic diversity of 0.9977 and the random match probability of 1.18%. Haplogroup H was the most common haplogroup (43.3%). Haplogroups observed at intermediate levels included clusters U (13.5%), T (10.6%), J (8.6%) and W (5.8%). PMID:19962932

Zgonjanin, Dragana; Veselinovi?, Igor; Kubat, Milovan; Furac, Ivana; Antov, Mirjana; Loncar, Eva; Tasi?, Milos; Vukovi?, Radenko; Omorjan, Radovan

2009-12-04

412

Molecular typing and antimicrobial resistance of Salmonella Enteritidis isolated from poultry, food, and humans in Serbia.  

PubMed

Molecular typing and resistotyping coupled with gyrA single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) of 60 Salmonella Enteritidis (SE) isolates originated from poultry, food, and humans in Serbia is described. Molecular fingerprinting was performed by randomly amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) using four primers, and the diversity index (D) was 0.688. In combination with resistotyping and gyrA SNP, D increased to 0.828. A total of 23 genetic groups were obtained. When four RAPD primers were combined, epidemic isolates from a fast-food restaurant outbreak were clustered in a distinctive genetic group. Among 60 SE strains, three had multiple resistances to three or more antibiotics. Nine strains were resistant to nalidixic acid (NAL; a non-fluorinated quinolone). The mutations in quinolone resistance-determining region (QRDR) found in NAL-resistant strains were attributed to Asp(87) ? Asn in six strains, Asp(87) ? Gly in one strain, and Ser(83) ? Phe in one strain. One NAL-resistant strain had no mutations in QRDR, suggesting another mechanism of resistance. PMID:21394475

Kozoderovi?, G; Velhner, M; Jelesi?, Z; Stojanov, I; Petrovi?, T; Stojanovi?, D; Goli?, N

2011-03-11

413

Levels of organochlorine pesticides in crops and related products from Vojvodina, Serbia: estimated dietary intake.  

PubMed

Levels of 16 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were investigated in 39 composite samples of agricultural crops, related by-products, and foodstuffs collected in Vojvodina, Serbia, in 2002 through 2004. After extraction and cleanup, OCPs were determined by capillary gas chromatography using electron-capture detection. The highest mean level of 0.971 ng/g whole weight (ww) was found for alpha-HCH in wheat flour samples. OCPs levels were well lower than the respective maximum residue limits set by current European and Serbian regulations. Mean OCP levels were low (<1 ng/g ww) for all sample types. The most frequently determined residue was 4,4'-DDT (identified in 76.9% of all samples analyzed), followed by gamma-HCH (66.7%), beta-HCH (48.7%), and endosulfan II (41.0%). OCP levels were compared with data from other international surveys. Calculated daily intakes of OCPs by way of consumption of the crop products included in this study according to data of the Serbian National Institute for Statistics were compared with the acceptable daily intakes established by the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization. The average level of contamination of the Vojvodina diet was believed to be harmless regarding the studied food commodities. PMID:18197356

Skrbi?, B; Predojevi?, Z

2008-05-01

414

Groundwater management by riverbank filtration and an infiltration channel: the case of Obrenovac, Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Vi? Bare groundwater source is used to supply water to the population and industry of Obrenovac, one of the municipalities of Belgrade (the capital of Serbia). It is a typical riverbank filtration site; exploitation is performed through 30 drilled wells and two radial wells located in the meander of the Sava River. The established hydraulic connection between the river and tapped aquifer is so great that the river regime has a dominant influence on the aquifer. As a consequence of this, water-delivery reduction occurs in the dry months (summer-autumn), when the population needs water the most. Based on the data associated with the river's gauges, precipitation, quantity of pumped water and groundwater-level fluctuation, a simulation of the groundwater regime for non-steady-state flow conditions has been undertaken through a numerical model. To overcome problems of water shortage during the dry season, the possibility of artificial recharge using an infiltration channel, made up of two connected parts, was analyzed. During the dry months, 80 % of the wells receive water partly from the infiltration channel. In this way, possibilities for extracting additional water are created. The application of this concept is discussed.

Polom?i?, Dušan; Hajdin, Bojan; Stevanovi?, Zoran; Baji?, Dragoljub; Hajdin, Katarina

2013-07-01

415

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 743 - Wassenaar Arrangement Participating States  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

... Portugal Romania Russia Slovakia Slovenia South Africa South Korea Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom United States [63 FR 55020, Oct. 14, 1998, as amended at 70 FR 41102, July 15, 2005; 71 FR...

2013-01-01

416

15 CFR Supplement No. 1 to Part 740 - Country Groups  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...Country [A:1] [A:2]Missile technology control regime [A:3]Australia...Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka ...Biological [D: 4]Missile Technology Afghanistan X Armenia X...

2010-01-01

417

Mathematics and Astronomy in the Educational System of Serbia in the Second Half of the 19th Century  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the second half of the 19th century solid fundaments of the educational system were formed in Serbia, in order to follow the contemporaneous development in Europe. Mathematics and astronomy found an important place in this educational system thanks to, above all, distinguished intellectuals who were pioneers in the improvement of education and science in these fields, such as Dimitrije Neši?, Dimitrije Dani?, Bogdan Gavrilovi? and Mihailo Petrovi? in mathematics and Milan Nedeljkovi?, Milan Andonovi?, Jovan Dragaševi? and Djordje Stanojevi? in astronomy.

Trajkovska, V.

2009-09-01

418

Current status of human papillomavirus vaccination implementation in central and eastern Europe.  

PubMed

We present a review of the current implementation status of vaccination against human papillomaviruses (HPV) and available data concerning the burden of HPV infection and HPV type-specific distribution in 16 central and eastern European countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. At least one current HPV prophylactic vaccine is registered in all central and eastern European countries except Montenegro. Six counties-Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Romania, Slovenia, and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia-have integrated the HPV vaccination into their national immunization program and currently provide routine vaccination free of charge to the primary target population. Ten countries have not integrated HPV vaccination into the national immunization program. The key reasons for lack of implementation of HPV vaccination into the national immunization program are the high vaccine cost and negative public perception. Vaccination of males is not recommended in any country in the region. PMID:23674181

Seme, Katja; Maver, Polona J; Kora?, Tina; Canton, Amalia; ?ástková, Jitka; Dimitrov, Goran; Filippova, Irina; Hudecová, Helena; Iljazovi?, Ermina; Kai?, Bernard; Kesi?, Vesna; Kuprevi?ien?, Nerija; Lauševi?, Dragan; Molnár, Zsuzsanna; Perevoš?ikovs, Jurijs; Spaczy?ski, Marek; Stefanova, Venera; U?akar, Veronika; Poljak, Mario

2013-01-01

419

Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of a neutral, low-sulfide/high-carbonate tailings impoundment, Markušovce, eastern Slovakia.  

PubMed

Tailings deposits generated from mining activities represent a potential risk for the aquatic environment through the release of potentially toxic metals and metalloids occurring in a variety of minerals present in the tailings. Physicochemical and mineralogical characteristics of tailings such as total concentrations of chemical elements, pH, ratio of acid-producing to acid-neutralizing minerals, and primary and secondary mineral phases are very important factors that control the actual release of potentially toxic metals and metalloids from the tailings to the environment. The aims of this study are the determination of geochemical and mineralogical characteristics of tailings deposited in voluminous impoundment situated near the village of Markušovce (eastern Slovakia) and identification of the processes controlling the mobility of selected toxic metals (Cu, Hg) and metalloids (As, Sb). The studied tailings have unique features in comparison with the other tailings investigated previously because of the specific mineral assemblage primarily consisting of barite, siderite, quartz, and minor sulfides. To meet the aims, samples of the tailings were collected from 3 boreholes and 15 excavated pits and subjected to bulk geochemical analyses (i.e., determination of chemical composition, pH, Eh, acid generation, and neutralization potentials) combined with detailed mineralogical characterization using optical microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), electron microprobe analysis (EMPA), and micro-X-ray diffraction (?-XRD). Additionally, the geochemical and mineralogical factors controlling the transfer of potentially toxic elements from tailings to waters were also determined using short-term batch test (European norm EN 12457), sampling of drainage waters and speciation-equilibrium calculations performed with PHREEQC. The tailings mineral assemblage consists of siderite, barite, quartz, and dolomite. Sulfide minerals constitute only a minor proportion of the tailings mineral assemblage and their occurrence follows the order: chalcopyrite?>?pyrite?>?tetrahedrite?>?arsenopyrite. The mineralogical composition of the tailings corresponds well to the primary mineralization mined. The neutralization capacity of the tailings is high, as confirmed by the values of neutralization potential to acid generation potential ratio, ranging from 6.7 to 63.9, and neutral to slightly alkaline pH of the tailings (paste pH 7.16-8.12) and the waters (pH 7.00-8.52). This is explained by abundant occurrence of carbonate minerals in the tailings, which readily neutralize the acidity generated by sulfide oxidation. The total solid-phase concentrations of metal(loid)s decrease as Cu?>?Sb?>?Hg?>?As and reflect the proportions of sulfides present in the tailings. Sulfide oxidation generally extends to a depth of 2 m. ?-XRD and EMPA were used to study secondary products developed on the surface of sulfide minerals and within the tailings. The main secondary minerals identified are goethite and X-ray amorphous Fe oxyhydroxides and their occurrence decreases with increasing tailings depth. Secondary Fe phases are found as mineral coatings or individual grains and retain relatively high amounts of metal(loid)s (up to 57.6 wt% Cu, 1.60 wt% Hg, 23.8 wt% As, and 2.37 wt% Sb). Based on batch leaching tests and lysimeter results, the mobility of potentially toxic elements in the tailings is low. The limited mobility of metals and metalloids is due to their retention by Fe oxyhydroxides and low solubilities of metal(loid)-bearing sulfides. The observations are consistent with PHREEQC calculations, which predict the precipitation of Fe oxyhydroxides as the main solubility-controlling mineral phases for As, Cu, Hg, and Sb. Waters discharging from tailings impoundment are characterized by a neutral to slightly alkaline pH (7.52-7.96) and low concentrations of dissolved metal(loid)s (<5-7.0 ?g/L Cu, <0.1-0.3 ?g/L Hg, 5.0-16 ?g/L As, and 5.0-43 ?g/L Sb). Primary factors influencing aqueous chemistry at the

Hiller, Edgar; Petrák, Marián; Tóth, Roman; Lalinská-Voleková, Bronislava; Jurkovi?, Lubomír; Ku?erová, Gabriela; Radková, Anežka; Sottník, Peter; Vozár, Jaroslav

2013-02-24

420

Post - Miocene Ccw Rotation In Slovenia North of The Periadriatic Fault System: Integrated Paleomagnetic and Microtectonic Study.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Periadriatic lineament, separating the Eastern and Southern Alpine domains is the most important tectonic zone in the European sector of the Alpine belt. East of the Central Karavanka, in Slovenia, the lineament becomes a system of dextral shear zones with the dextral slip gradually transferred to more and more southerly faults. Some of the faults are still active today. Within the zone itself rotations are complex but dominantly CW (Fodor et al., 1998, Tectonics 17/5, 690-709). The Mura depres- sion, the area of the present study, is situated North of the Periadriatic fault system. The paleomagnetic declinations observed for mid (upper) Miocene sediments are sug- gesting moderate CCW rotations which is consistent in space and time. The latter, in this case, means that the declinations of the pre-deformation and post-deformation re- manence of the mid-Miocene and the remanence of the upper Miocene sediments are practically the same. Microtectonic observations suggest that the stress field did not change orientation during the mid and late Miocene. The paleomagnetic and stress field observations together permit to reconstruct the events of deformations and the real stress field orientation in the Mura depression. However, the most important im- plication of the study, from the viewpoint of plate tectonics is, that the rotation of the area must be surprisingly young, younger than the last deformation which took place in the early Pliocene.

Márton, E.; Fodor, L.; Jelen, B.; Márton, P.; Rifelj, H.; Kevric, R.

421

Source identification and sedimentary record of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Lake Bled (NW Slovenia) using stable carbon isotopes.  

PubMed

A combination of molecular and stable isotope analyses was used to trace and identify the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in sediments of Lake Bled (NW Slovenia). Sediment samples were taken from two locations with contrasting depositional regimes: Zaka Bay, with permanently oxic bottom and station D, where anoxic conditions prevail throughout the year. The concentrations of PAH in surface sediments at the two locations were comparable and higher than in previous studies, reaching 4230 and 4380 ng g(-1), respectively. It was found that retene (Re) and perylene (Per) are both mainly of natural origin in Zaka Bay while, at station D, the value of ?(13)C determined at a depth of 12-14 cm in the 1950s indicated that Re was of pyrolytic origin. The distribution of ?(13)C values of other individual PAH showed that PAH input to lake sediments was of pyrolytic origin, likely dominated by coal and later in 1950s also by wood burning. PAH from vehicular emissions could also contribute to the overall isotope signatures at the depth of 12-14 cm at station D and Zaka Bay corresponding to the period 1953-1961. PMID:23286333

Petriši?, Marinka Gams; Muri, Gregor; Ogrinc, Nives

2013-01-11

422

A case-study of complex gas-water-rock-pollutants interactions in shallow groundwater: Šalek Valley (Slovenia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The complex geochemical interactions in the groundwater of the industrial area of Šalek Valley (Slovenia) between natural and anthropogenic fluids were studied by means of major (Ca, Mg, Na, K, HCO3 -, Cl- and SO4 2-) and trace elements’ (As , Cd, Cu, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se and V) abundances, geochemical classification and statistical analysis of data. Cation abundances indicate mixing between a dolomitic end-member and an evaporitic or geothermal end-member. Anion abundances indicate mixing between bicarbonate waters and either sulphate-enriched waters (suggesting hydrothermalism) or chlorine-rich waters. Principal component analysis (PCA) allowed the extraction of seven factors, which describe, respectively: water-rock interaction mainly on dolomitic rocks; redox conditions of water; Cd-Zn enrichment in chlorine-rich waters (probably from industrial wastes); hydrothermal conditions in waters close to major faults; Pb and Cu pollution; V and K enrichments, indicating their common organic source; the role of partial pressure of CO2 dissolved in water, which is highest in three wells with bubbling gases. Average underground discharge rates of solutes from the Valley range between 0.09 t/a (V) and 1.8 × 104 t/a (HCO3 -) and indicate how natural fluids can significantly contribute to the levels of elements in the environment, in addition to the amount of elements released by human activities.

Giammanco, Salvatore; Justin, Barbara; Speh, Natalija; Veder, Marta

2009-03-01

423

Variability of the needle essential oils of Pinus peuce from different populations in Montenegro and Serbia.  

PubMed

The essential-oil composition of Pinus peuce Griseb. is reported at the population level. Macedonian pine is endemic high-mountain Balkan pine relict of an anthropogenically reduced area, with large morphological diversity and insufficiently clear taxonomic position. In the pine-needle terpene profile of two populations from Montenegro and one from Serbia, 78 compounds were detected, 56 of which are identified (Table 3). The dominant constituents were alpha-pinene (36.5%) and germacrene D (11.4%). The following 20 additional components were found to be present in medium-to-high amounts (0.5-10%): camphene (8.5%), bornyl acetate (6.8%), beta-pinene (6.8%), beta-caryophyllene (5.2%), beta-phellandrene (4.7%), terpinen-4-ol acetate (1.6%), (E)-hex-2-enal (1.5%), alpha-muurolene (1.2%), beta-gurjunene (1.1%), beta-myrcene (1.0%), alpha-terpinyl acetate (0.9%), alpha-phellandrene (0.8%), delta-cadinene (0.8%), alpha-humulene (0.8%), sabinene (0.7%), aromadendrene (0.6%), alpha-thujene (0.6%), gamma-muurolene (0.6%), gamma-cadinene (0.6%), alpha-terpinolene (0.5%), and one unknown component (0.5%). The similarity of the populations and the within-population variability were visualized by principle-component analysis (PCA) and genetic analysis of selected terpenes in 90 tree samples. Our study suggests a closer connection between populations II and III compared to population I. Based on the profile of the main terpene components, the studied populations are more similar to populations from Kosovo and Greece than to the population from Mt. Mokra (Montenegro) and the population in France. PMID:18649304

Nikoli?, Biljana; Risti?, Mihailo; Bojovi?, Srdjan; Marin, Petar D

2008-07-01

424

Consumers' attitude towards the use and safety of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements in Serbia.  

PubMed

Background The use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements in Serbia is very common and many patients consume herbal preparations with conventional drug therapy. Objective The aim of this survey was to evaluate the consumers' awareness of herbal remedies and the safety of herbal dietary supplements, their attitude towards combining herbals and drugs, and the source of recommendations for their use. Setting The study included all consumers who bought herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements in 15 pharmacies on the territory of Novi Sad during 2011 and who accepted to be interviewed. Methods Structured interviews using questionnaire, conducted by pharmacists. The questionnaire included 4 parts: socio-demographic characteristics of consumers, source of recommendations for the use of herbal products, attitude towards safety of herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements use and their combination with regular drugs, as well as the question of purchased herbal products. Main outcome measure Consumers' attitude towards the safety and use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements measured by 9 items. Results The majority of interviewed participants were highly educated, aged 41-60 and they consumed herbal remedies on their own initiative or on recommendation of nonmedically educated person, without previous consultation with medical doctor or pharmacist. Out of all participants: 88.9 % did not consider it important to inform their physician or pharmacist about use of herbal remedies and herbal dietary supplements; 73.3 % found the use of herbal remedies harmless (where 9.4 % did not have any attitude towards that issue), while 40.3 % of participants regarded the combining of herbal and regular drugs unsafe. Conclusion There is a need for consumers' education on reliable use of herbal medicines and herbal dietary supplements, in order to improve their awareness of the limits of herbal remedies safety and potential risks of their combination with drugs. PMID:23820895

Samojlik, Isidora; Mijatovi?, Vesna; Gavari?, Neda; Krstin, Sonja; Božin, Biljana

2013-07-03

425

An Ecophysiological Study of Plants Growing on the Fly Ash Deposits from the “Nikola Tesla–A” Thermal Power Station in Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

This ecophysiological research on the ash deposits from the “Nikola Tesla–A” thermal power station in Serbia covered 10 plant species ( Tamarix gallica, Populus alba, Spiraea van-hauttei, Ambrosia artemisifolia, Amorpha fruticosa, Eupatorium cannabinum, Crepis setosa, Epilobium collinum, Verbascum phlomoides, and Cirsium arvense). This paper presents the results of a water regime analysis, photosynthetic efficiency and trace elements (B, Cu, Mn,

Pavle Pavlovi?; Miroslava Mitrovi?; Lola Djurdjevi?

2004-01-01

426

Mathematics Curriculum Changes in Republic of Serbia for Grades 5-8 After the Break-Up of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this study was to determine the changes in the mathematics curriculum for grades 5-8 in the Republic of Serbia after the break-up of SFRY. In particular, the research sought to identify the changes in the mathematics curriculum in terms of curriculum content and learning objectives, textbooks, and high school entrance examination…

Vlajic, Jovana

2011-01-01

427

Chemical Composition and Antimicrobial Characteristic of the Essential Oils Obtained from the Flower, Leaf and Stem of Salvia officinalis L. Originating from Southeast Serbia  

Microsoft Academic Search

A comparison of the yield, chemical composition and antimicrobial action of the essential oils obtained from the flower, leaf and stem of Salvia officinalis L., originating from the southeast region of Serbia was carried out. The oils were obtained by different procedures of distillation (water and steam distillation). Water distillation contributed to a larger oil yield from all parts of

Dragan T. Velickovic; Mihailo S. Ristic; Novica V. Randjelovic; Andrija A. Smelcerovic

2002-01-01

428

Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals in northern Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina studied by the moss biomonitoring, neutron activation analysis and GIS technology  

Microsoft Academic Search

The results on atmospheric deposition of heavy metals and other trace elements using the moss biomonitoring technique in the northern part of Serbia and some areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina are presented. Samples of Hypnum cupressiforme along with some other moss types were collected at 92 sites during the summer of 2000. A total of 44 elements were determined by INAA using

M. V. Frontasyeva; T. Ye. Galinskaya; M. Krmar; M. Matavuly; S. S. Pavlov; E. A. Povtoreyko; D. Radnovic; E. Steinnes

2004-01-01

429

Analysis of solid waste from ships and modeling of its generation on the river Danube in Serbia.  

PubMed

This study focuses on the issues related to the waste management in river ports in general and, particularly, in ports on the river Danube's flow through Serbia. The ports of Apatin, Bezdan, Backa Palanka, Novi Sad, Belgrade, Smederevo, Veliko Gradiste, Prahovo and Kladovo were analyzed. The input data (number of watercrafts, passengers and crew members) were obtained from harbor authorities for the period 2005-2009. The quantities of solid waste generated on both cruise and cargo ships are considered in this article. As there is no strategy for waste treatment in the ports in Serbia, these data are extremely valuable for further design of equipment for waste treatment and collection. Trends in data were analyzed and regression models were used to predict the waste quantities in each port in next 3 years. The obtained trends could be utilized as the basis for the calculation of the equipment capacities for waste selection, collection, storage and treatment. The results presented in this study establish the need for an organized management system for this type of waste, as well as suggest where the terminals for collection, storage and treatment of solid waste from ships should be located. PMID:23460543

Ulnikovi?, Vladanka Presburger; Vuki?, Marija; Milutinovi?-Nikoli?, Aleksandra

2013-03-04

430

Trend of values and culmination time of the seasonal maximum total snow cover depth in Slovakia since the mid-20th century.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The maximum depth of the total snow cover is one of the significant characteristics of snow cover. Analogous to maximum precipitation totals whose belong to the most analyzed characteristics of precipitation, the maximum depth of the total snow cover has dominant position among other snow characteristics too. High values of the total snow cover depth in relation to the potentially high value of its water equivalent are frequently used in engineering practice. There are indications that in recent years a number of anomalies in the seasonal regime and in the values of maximum depth of the total snow cover may have occurred. Total snow cover is among one of the meteorological elements that could be most affected by global warming. In such a complex natural conditions of Slovakia, this could mean the occurrence of opposing tendencies even within relatively small regions between lower and higher elevation levels, respectively between valley locations and surrounding slopes. In the paper maximum values of total snow cover in the winter seasons 1981/1982 - 2011/2012 from 353 meteorological stations within Slovakia were processed, while on 15 stations the analysis was extended to the period 1951/1952 - 2011/2012. Trends in the maximum monthly values of the total snow cover and seasonal tendencies in occurrence of the total snow cover maximum were evaluated in the individual months of the winter season. The effects of precipitation increase in winter season respectively in the transitional seasons are reflected in the trends of monthly maximum values of the total snow cover as well as the effects of changing temperature conditions. The results point to prevailing upward trends of the maximum monthly values of total snow cover, but not for all months. The regional aspect and altitude effect are also considerable. In the regime of the seasonal total snow cover maximum at lower altitudes there are tendencies of shifting maxima to months outside of the traditional winter peak period. In high mountain areas there are tendencies of shifting occurrence of the seasonal total snow cover maximum to a later period.

Fasko, Pavel; Svec, Marek; Stastny, Pavel; Bochnicek, Oliver; Kajaba, Peter; Nejedlik, Pavol; Pecho, Jozef; Nechaj, Pavol

2013-04-01

431

Analysis of the repeated absolute gravity measurements in the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary from the period 1991-2010 considering instrumental and hydrological effects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Since August 2001, the absolute gravimeter FG5#215 has been used for the modernization of the national gravity networks of the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Hungary. Altogether 43 absolute stations were measured, some of them repeatedly. Absolute gravity at 29 stations had already been determined in 1990s by other absolute gravimeters (FG5 or JILAg). Differences of repeated measurements at most of the stations show an unexpected decrease of gravity (up to 22 ?Gal) over the whole region. An uncertainty assessment of absolute measurements with a special emphasis put on hydrological effects shows a statistical significance of the detected gravity variations at many stations. In this manuscript, three possible reasons of such findings are discussed: (1) a regional geodynamic activity, (2) systematic instrumental errors (offsets), (3) hydrological effects. The analysis and statistics of the gravity differences in context of international comparisons of absolute gravimeters show offsets up to 9?Gal related to data of the JILAg-6 and FG5#107 gravimeters. Data collected in this study demonstrate that considering instrumental and hydrological effects on gravity are crucial for a correct interpretation of repeated absolute gravity measurements.

Pálinkáš, Vojtech; Lederer, Martin; Kostelecký, Jakub; Šimek, Jaroslav; Mojzeš, Marcel; Ferianc, Dušan; Csapó, Géza

2013-01-01

432

Volatile components of whole and different plant parts of bastard balm (Melittis melissophyllum L., Lamiaceae) collected in Central Italy and Slovakia.  

PubMed

The aim of this work was to trap the volatiles released from whole frozen and dry aerial parts, and, separately, from different organs (leaves, stems, corolla and calyx) of bastard balm (Melittis melissophyllum L., Lamiaceae) populations collected in Italy and Slovakia by HS-SPME, and to identify the headspace constituents responsible for the characteristic aroma impression by GC/FID and GC/MS techniques. Among more than 100 volatile components detected, the C(8) alcohol oct-1-en-3-ol, responsible for the typical mushroom-like odor, and the phenolic coumarin, with a characteristic sweet and creamy vanilla bean odor, played a major role in the aroma of whole aerial parts and different plant organ samples. In particular, dry calyx parts could be proposed as flavoring agent in food products as mushroom aroma enhancer. Multivariate chemometric techniques, such as cluster analysis and principal component analysis, were used to characterize the sample populations according to the geographical origin and processing of plant material. PMID:22083918

Maggi, Filippo; Mártonfi, Pavol; Conti, Fabio; Cristalli, Gloria; Papa, Fabrizio; Sagratini, Gianni; Vittori, Sauro

2011-11-01

433

Human induced soil erosion and gully system development in the Late Holocene and future perspectives on landscape evolution: The Myjava Hill Land, Slovakia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In humid climate zones, like Central Europe, past soil erosion and gullying are strongly connected with agricultural expansion, and extreme soil erosion events often play an important role in land abandonment. This paper provides a case study to demonstrate the interaction between land use, soil erosion, floodplain development, and land use changes in a 0-order catchment in the Babikovce catchment, Myjava Hill Land, situated in western Slovakia. Sedimentological, pedological, geoarchaeological and historical data indicate two main periods of intensive hillslope erosion and gullying since the High Middle Ages. In particular, a few extreme precipitation events (or rapid snowmelts) caused intensive runoff events and gullying on cleared land. The formation of the gully system and fan deposits in the Babikovce catchment and other areas also forced the occurrence of intensive muddy floods and caused floodplain aggradation and meander changes along rivers in the Myjava Hill Land. As a result, the development of the dense network of permanent gullies in the Myjava Hill Land can be associated with the transformation of woodland into farmland and later land abandonment. Today, the area is highly truncated by soil erosion and very difficult to farm.

Dotterweich, Markus; Stankoviansky, Miloš; Minár, Jozef; Koco, Štefan; Pap?o, Pavol

2013-11-01

434

Analysis of human induced changes in a karst landscape - the filling of dolines in the Kras plateau, Slovenia.  

PubMed

A comprehensive analysis of the increased pressure on karst landscapes due to expansive economic and urban development is presented with the aim of evaluating changes in land use and their deleterious effects on karst relief forms. The study focuses on two areas surrounding the relatively quickly growing settlements of Hrpelje-Kozina and Diva?a on the Kras plateau (Slovenia) that have been subjected to intensive urban and business development and traffic since the motorway was brought to their vicinity fifteen years ago. National legislation loopholes and technological improvement were the cause of the commonly unsupervised human encroachment which caused the widespread degradation of the landscape. By comparing different topographical and ortophotographical materials from the past four decades and by detailed field inspection of land use and environmental changes, as well as the morphometrical characterization of dolines, the following results have been found: due to the population growth in the past four decades (39% and 50%, respectively), an increase of settlement area by 18 and 11 percentage points took place. Consequently, between 25 and 27% of dolines have disappeared or have been extensively modified (filled up and leveled). According to the local spatial plans, an additional 18% to 28% dolines are endangered. Broad human induced changes in the karst landscape have resulted in a noticeable increase in landscape deterioration, which is consistent with similar phenomena observed in other regions. Due to the extreme susceptibility of the karst to human activities that may lead to the degradation of its exceptional esthetic and environmental value, the alteration of karst processes such as corrosion, endangering of unique habitats and the quality of non-renewable natural resources, it is necessary to promptly define measures for its protection at the national level. PMID:23376526

Kova?i?, Gregor; Ravbar, Nataša

2013-02-01

435

The partitioning of radiated energy and the largest aftershock of seismic sequences occurred in the northeastern Italy and western Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We analyzed the most relevant seismic sequences that occurred from 1977 to 2007 in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region (northeastern Italy) and western Slovenia. The eight aftershock sequences were triggered by low- to moderate-magnitude earthquakes with mainshock duration magnitude ranging from 3.7 to 5.6. The b-value of the Gutenberg-Richter law varies from 0.8 to 1.1. The modified Omori’s modeling of the sequences evidences values of the p exponent ranging from 0.8 to 1.0. Using the Reasenberg and Jones ( Science 243:1173-1176, 1989; Science 265:1251-1252, 1994) approach, we computed the probabilistic estimate of the aftershock rates and the largest aftershock in given time intervals. The difference in magnitude between the mainshock and the largest aftershock is calculated according to the modified Bĺth law and using an approach that considers the partitioning of the radiated seismic energy between mainshock and aftershocks. The partitioning of the radiated seismic energy appears to play a significant role in the evolution of the sequences. We define the parameter R ES as the ratio between the radiated seismic energy of the mainshock and the summation of the seismic energy radiated by the aftershocks. The difference in magnitude between the mainshock and the largest aftershock, calculated with the parameter R ES, agrees well with the observed difference. In most sequences, the parameter R ES decreases very quickly until the occurrence of the largest aftershock and then becomes constant. By analyzing the values of R ES during the early hours following the mainshock, we found that the R ES values after 24 h are well related to the final ones, calculated on the whole sequence, and to the differences in magnitude between the mainshock and the largest aftershock.

Gentili, S.; Bressan, G.

2008-07-01

436

Molecular genetic identification of skeletal remains from the Second World War Konfin I mass grave in Slovenia  

PubMed Central

This paper describes molecular genetic identification of one third of the skeletal remains of 88 victims of postwar (June 1945) killings found in the Konfin I mass grave in Slovenia. Living relatives were traced for 36 victims. We analyzed 84 right femurs and compared their genetic profiles to the genetic material of living relatives. We cleaned the bones, removed surface contamination, and ground the bones into powder. Prior to DNA isolation using Biorobot EZ1 (Qiagen), the powder was decalcified. The nuclear DNA of the samples was quantified using the real-time polymerase chain reaction method. We extracted 0.8 to 100 ng DNA/g of bone powder from 82 bones. Autosomal genetic profiles and Y-chromosome haplotypes were obtained from 98% of the bones, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes from 95% of the bones for the HVI region and from 98% of the bones for the HVII region. Genetic profiles of the nuclear and mtDNA were determined for reference persons. For traceability in the event of contamination, we created an elimination database including genetic profiles of the nuclear and mtDNA of all persons that had been in contact with the skeletal remains. When comparing genetic profiles, we matched 28 of the 84 bones analyzed with living relatives (brothers, sisters, sons, daughters, nephews, or cousins). The statistical analyses showed a high confidence of correct identification for all 28 victims in the Konfin I mass grave (posterior probability ranged from 99.9% to more than 99.999999%).

Gornjak Pogorelc, Barbara; Balazic, Joze

2010-01-01

437

Detection and Quantification of Local Anthropogenic and Regional Climatic Transient Signals in Temperature Logs from Czechia and Slovenia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The presentation focuses on detection and quantification of the impact of local anthropogenic structures and regional climatic changes on subsurface temperature field. The analyzed temperature records were obtained by temperature monitoring in a borehole in Prague-Spo?ilov (Czechia) and by repeated logging of a borehole in Šempeter (Slovenia). The observed data were compared with temperatures yielded by mathematical 3D time-variable geothermal models of the boreholes' sites with the aim to decompose the observed transient component of the subsurface temperature into the part affected by construction of new buildings and other anthropogenic structures in surroundings of the boreholes and into the part affected by the ground surface temperature warming due to the surface air temperature rise. A direct human impact on the subsurface temperature warming was proved and contributions of individual anthropogenic structures to this change were evaluated. In the case of Spo?ilov, where the mean annual warming rate reached 0.034°C per year at the depth of 38.3 m during the period 1993-2008, it turned out that about half of the observed warming can be attributed to the air (ground) surface temperature change and half to the human activity on the surface in the immediate vicinity of the borehole. The situation is similar in Šempeter, where the effect of the recently built surface anthropogenic structures is detectable down to the depth of 80 m and the share of the anthropogenic signal on the non-stationary component of the observed subsurface temperature amounts to 30% at the depth of 50 m.

D?de?ek, P.; Šafanda, J.; Rajver, D.

2012-04-01

438

New constrains on the thermal history of the Miocene Jarando basin (Southern Serbia)  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Jarando basin, located in the internal Dinarides, formed in the course of the Miocene extension affecting the whole Alpine-Carpathian-Dinaride system (Schmid et al., 2008). In the study area Miocene extension led to the formation of a core-complex in the Kopaonik area (Schefer et al., 2011) with the Jarando basin located in the hanging wall of the detachment fault. The Jarando basin is characterized by the presence of bituminous coals, whereas in the other intramontane basins in Serbia coalification did not exceed the subbituminous stage within the same stratigraphic level. Furthermore, the basin hosts boron mineralizations (borates and howlite) and a magnesite deposit, which again implies elevated temperatures. This thermal overprint is possibly due to post-magmatic activity related to the emplacement of Oligocene I-type Kopaonik and Miocene S-type Polumir granitoid (Schefer et al., 2011.). This research project is aimed at providing new information about the thermal history of the Jarando basin. Fifteen core samples from three boreholes and 10 samples from the surrounding outcrops were processed for apatite fission-track analysis. Additionally, vitrinite reflectance was measured for 11 core samples of shales from one borehole and 5 samples of coal from an underground mine. VR data of Early to Middle Miocene sediments reveal a strong post-depositional overprint. Values increase with the depth from 0.66-0.79% to 0.83-0.90%. Thus organic matter reached the bituminous stage and experienced temperatures of around 110-120?C (Barker and Pawlewicz, 1994). FT single grain ages for apatite scatter between 45 Ma to 10 Ma with a general trend towards younger ages with depth. Both, the spread in single grain ages together with the bimodal track lengths distribution clearly point to partial annealing of the detrital apatites. With the temperature given from the VR values the partial annealing points to a rather short-lived thermal event. This is assisted by thermal modelling of our fission track data indicating that maximum temperatures of <120°C around 15-12 Ma. We correlate the thermal event with the extension and core-complex formation followed by the syn-extensional intrusion of the Polumir granite. Later cooling from 10 Ma onwards is related to basin inversion and erosion.

Andri?, Nevena; Životi?, Dragana; Fügenschuh, Bernhard; Cvetkovi?, Vladica

2013-04-01

439

Chemical composition and some trace element contents in coals and coal ash from Tamnava-Zapadno Polje Coal Field, Serbia  

SciTech Connect

The chemical compositions and trace element contents (Zn, Cu, Co, Cr, Ni, Pb, Cd, As, B, Hg, Sr, Se, Be, Ba, Mn, Th, V, U) in coal and coal ash samples from Tamnava-Zapadno Polje coal field in Serbia were studied. The coal from this field belongs to lignite. This high volatility coal has high moisture and low S contents, moderate ash yield, and high calorific value. The coal ash is abundant in alumosilicates. Many trace elements such as Ni > Cd > Cr > B > As > Cu > Co > Pb > V > Zn > Mn in the coal and Ni > Cr > As > B > Cu > Co = Pb > V > Zn > Mn in the coal ash are enriched in comparison with Clarke concentrations.

Vukasinovic-Pesic, V.; Rajakovic, L.J. [University of Montenegro, Podgorica (Montenegro)

2009-07-01

440

Nonterrorist suicides using hand grenades on the territory of the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia, from 1990 to 2009.  

PubMed

Suicides using hand grenades are very rare. The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the cases of nonterrorist suicides using hand grenades according to the number of cases per year, sex, age categories, season of the year, day of the week, ethanol blood level, type of hand grenade, pattern of injuries, risk factors, and suicide place over a 20-year period, from 1990 to 2009 in Vojvodina, Serbia. The total number of the cases in this period was 81, with the highest number of cases in 1997 and 2002. Twelwe victims were part of six double suicides, where one grenade was used to commit suicide to both victims. The results highlighted male predominance of the victims, sober state, the use of military hand grenades (M75 and M52 type), posttraumatic stress disorder due to participation in military clashes as the main risk factor, and countryside as the place of suicide. PMID:22395922

Petkovi?, Stojan; Maletin, Miljen; Draškovi?, Dragan

2012-03-07

441

Combined Natural Gas and Solar Technologies for Heating and Cooling in the City of NIS in Serbia  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of conventional systems for heat and electricity production in Niš and Serbia means a constant waste of energy, and money. This problem is present in both industrial and public sector. Using conventional systems, means not only low-energy efficient systems, and technologies, but also using very ``dirty'' technologies, which cause heavy environment pollution. The lack of electricity in our country, and region is also present. The gas pipeline in Niš was finished not long ago, and second gas pipeline is about to be made in the next couple of years. This opens a door for implementing new technologies and the use of new methods for production of heat and electricity, while preserving our environment. This paper reports discussion of this technology with management of public institutions, which use both heat and electricity.

Stefanovi?, Velimir P.; Boji?, Milorad Lj.

2010-06-01

442

Secondary metabolites from the aerial parts of Centaurea pannonica (Heuff.) Simonk. from Serbia and their chemotaxonomic importance.  

PubMed

The non polar extract of Centaurea pannonica (Heuff.) Simonk., growing wild in Serbia, was studied and twenty-five compounds including 14 sesquiterpene lactones, 7 flavonoids, 3 lignans and 1 phenylpropanoid glycoside were isolated. All compounds were isolated for the first time from this species. Among them, one germacranolide 2?-hydroxy, 8-dehydroxy 15-O-methacrylate salonitenolide (1) and two guaianolides 2?,8?-dihydroxy-dehydrocostus lactone (2) and pannonin (3) are new natural compounds. The structures of the compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, HREIMS and 1D & 2D NMR). The chemical profile of C. pannonica, which belongs to the "Centaurea jacea" group, was compared to previously studied taxa of the same group and used to assess the phylogenetic relationships in the group. PMID:23827325

Miloševi? Ifantis, Tanja; Soluji?, Slavica; Pavlovi?-Muratspahi?, Dragana; Skaltsa, Helen

2013-07-01

443

Rujevac Sb-Pb-Zn-As polymetallic deposit, Boranja orefield, Western Serbia: native arsenic and arsenic mineralization  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Rujevac is a low-temperature hydrothermal polymetallic Sb-Pb-Zn-As vein-type ore deposit, hosted within a volcanogenic-sedimentary zone situated in the Rujevac-Crvene Stene-Brezovica Diabase-Chert Formation (DCF) of the Podrinje Metallogenic District (PMD), Serbia. It is located several kilometers SE from the Boranja contact aureole, which is an integral part of the PMD in Western Serbia. Genetically related to the Tertiary granodioritic magma, the mineral assemblages are characterized by specific features. The mineral association of this deposit consists of sulfides, Pb-Sb(As) sulfosalts, native metals, oxides, hydroxides and gangue minerals. Chemical composition of the ore is very complex, where contents of valuable metals range as follows: Sb (0.17-24.31 wt.%), Zn (0.21-6.29 wt.%), Pb (0.15-6.33 wt.%), As (0.06-1.28 wt.%), Cd (25-747 ppm), Ag (7-408 ppm), Hg (13-473 ppm), and Tl (<1-29 ppm). Electron Probe Microanalyses (EPMA) of native arsenic from both the Rujevac and Stragari deposits showed contents of As up to 98.8 and 97.1 wt.%, with impurity contents of Sb up to 1.3 and 6.6 wt.%, and Tl up to 2 and 1.3 wt.%, respectively. Rhombohedral unit-cell parameters for native arsenic from Rujevac and Stragari deposits amount to: a = 3.760(2), c = 10.555(3) Ĺ, V = 129.23(7) Ĺ3 and a = 3.763(1), c = 10.560(5) Ĺ, V = 129.48(8) Ĺ3, respectively. Mineral assemblages, deposition order and genesis of the Rujevac polymetallic deposit were also discussed in detail. Native arsenic mineralization here has been additionally compared with similar well-known global deposits.

Radosavljevi?, Slobodan A.; Stojanovi?, Jovica N.; Radosavljevi?-Mihajlovi?, Ana S.; Vukovi?, Nikola S.

2013-05-01