Sample records for serbia slovakia slovenia

  1. Workers’ Power in Transition Economies: the Cases of Serbia and Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Miroslav Stanojevic´

    2003-01-01

    The root of the differences between the successful transition inSlovenia and the abortive transition in Serbia, the impetus for the divorce between Serbia and Slovenia which was the starting point of the disintegration of the former Yugoslav federation, lay in the qualitatively different reactions ofthe Serbian and Slovenian political elites to the workers’ strike movements of the second half of

  2. ARE NATIONAL CULTURES STILL IMPORTANT IN INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS? RUSSIA, SERBIA AND SLOVENIA IN COMPARISON

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marko Pahor; Jasna Vidmar Svetlik

    In this study, we attempt to show managerial cultures in three transition countries, Russia, Serbia and Slovenia. We analyse the values of younger individuals and compare them with the values of older individuals to see if and how the culture of the former reflects globalisation. We use the standard methodology from Hofstede (1981) and Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner (1997) to measure

  3. Language Policy in Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Novak-Lukanovic, Sonja; Limon, David

    2012-01-01

    The historical background, political changes, migration processes, EU membership and the current socio-linguistic situation have all influenced language policy and language planning in Slovenia. This article presents the most important aspects of language policy in Slovenia with a focus on the concept of linguistic diversity. The ethnic make-up of…

  4. HADRON STRUCTURE 2004 Smolenice Castle, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    HADRON STRUCTURE 2004 Smolenice Castle, Slovakia HADRON STRUCTURE 2004HADRON STRUCTURE 2004 Smolenice Castle, SlovakiaSmolenice Castle, Slovakia Exotic Hadronic States at HERA MMóónicanica L. VL: c ¡ Summary #12;Exotic Hadronic States at HERA, Mónica L. Våzquez Acosta (NIKHEF) Hadron Structure

  5. BEN Sampling in Serbia

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientists Bill Orem (left) and Terry Lerch (right) recording data and collecting samples at a Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) household in Serbia. BEN patients typically come from small villages and are often farmers....

  6. United Nations A/67/L.75* General Assembly Distr.: Limited

    E-print Network

    Cambridge, University of

    , Serbia, Seychelles, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Somalia, South Africa, Spain, Sri people continue to lack basic sanitation, and conscious of the impact of the lack of sanitation on people

  7. 78 FR 4154 - Identification of Foreign Countries Whose Nationals Are Eligible To Participate in the H-2A and H...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-01-18

    ...Kiribati Latvia Lithuania Macedonia Mexico Moldova Montenegro Nauru The Netherlands Nicaragua New Zealand Norway Papua New Guinea Peru The Philippines Poland Romania Samoa Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa South Korea Spain...

  8. Evidence of recombination in Tula virus strains from Serbia.

    PubMed

    Nikolic, Valentina; Stajkovic, Novica; Stamenkovic, Gorana; Cekanac, Radovan; Marusic, Predrag; Siljic, Marina; Gligic, Ana; Stanojevic, Maja

    2014-01-01

    Tula hantavirus (TULV) belongs to Bunyaviridae family, with negative sense RNA genome. Segmented nature of hantaviral genome allows for genetic reassortment, but the evidence of homologous recombination also exists. In this study we analyzed TULV sequences isolated in Serbia on different occasions and from different rodent hosts: 1987 strain from Microtus subterraneus and 2007 strain from Microtus arvalis. Phylogenetic analysis of both L and S segment sequences is suggestive of geographically related clustering, as previously shown for majority of hantaviruses. Reconstruction of phylogenetic tree for TULV S segment showed that both sequences from Serbia clustered together with sequences from East Slovakia, which had previously been shown to be recombinants (Kosice strain). Exploratory recombination analysis, supported by phylogenetic and amino acid pattern analysis, revealed the presence of recombination in the S segment sequences from Serbia, resulting in mosaic-like structure of TULV S segment similar to the one of Kosice strain. Although recombination is considered a rare event in molecular evolution of negative strand RNA viruses, obtained molecular data in this study support evidence of recombination in TULV, in geographically distant regions of Europe. PMID:24008094

  9. BEN Sampling in Serbia

    USGS Multimedia Gallery

    USGS scientist Bill Orem (left) and Adrian Muntean, a colleague from Romania, sampling water from a well in a Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) household in Serbia. The scientists will analyze the water for the presence of coal-derived organic substances dissolved in the water. The USGS works closely...

  10. GHGs emission inventory in Slovakia

    SciTech Connect

    Mareckova, K. [Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Bratislava (Slovakia)

    1996-12-31

    The results of Country Study project in Slovakia are presented. The gases included in the inventory are CO{sub 2}, CH{sub 4}, and N{sub 2}O. While the combustion of fossil fuels accounts for about 96 percent of total Slovak carbon dioxide emissions, CO{sub 2} also results directly from industrial processes. The most relevant industrial activities in Slovakia leading to CO{sub 2} emissions were cement, magnesit, and coke production. The total CO{sub 2} emissions estimated in 1990 were 60 018 Gg and 43 449 Gg in 1994. In the forestry and land use category the net CO{sub 2} flux is estimated to have been a removal. The main sources of methane emissions are livestock, natural gas distribution networks and landfills. Total CH{sub 4} emission in 1990 were estimated to be 387 Gg respectively 315 Gg in 1994. Compared to the other GHGs the emissions of N{sub 2}O are not fully understood. The main sources are expected to be agriculture soils and waste water treatment. The 21 Gg (13.5 Gg in 1994) estimated emission is still very preliminary. To evaluate the share of different GHGs and sectors, the aggregated emissions were estimated. In the year 1990 CO{sub 2} emissions amount to 79%, CH{sub 4} emissions amount to 12%, and N{sub 2}O emissions amount to 9% of total emissions, respectively 78%, 14% and 8% in 1994.

  11. Geothermal eel farm in Slovakia

    SciTech Connect

    Lund, J.W. [Oregon Inst. of Tech., Klamath Falls, OR (United States). Geo-Heat Center; Thomka, J.; Sarlinova, K. [Turcianske Teplice (Slovakia)

    1998-12-01

    Turcianske Teplice, a small town in west-central Slovakia, has written records of using thermal waters since 1281. In 1992, an eel raising farm was started on the outskirts of the town and since 1994, it has been operated by the firm of Janex Slovensko. The farm, using a specialized water recirculation system, raises a species of migrating eels (Anguilla anguilla). A 220-meter deep well at 42 C provides 48 gpm to the facility for heating through a plate heat exchanger. This is the maximum flow permitted, so as not to influence the springs and wells at the spa about 1 km away. For this reason, the flow is monitored carefully by the state. A second geothermal well at 52 C and 1,500 meters deep is used only as an observation well. Cold water, which is heated by the geothermal water, is pumped from wells near the Turiec River 1.8 km away at 8 to 12 C, depending upon the season, for use in the various holding or raising tanks. The operation of the farm is described.

  12. The Development of Stereophonic Sound in Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brezina, Pavol

    2011-11-01

    The development of stereophonic sound in Slovakia in the late sixties had a profound impact on the quality of recorded music in all areas of artificial and non-artificial music and it also played an important role in composing music for radio plays. However, the Czechoslovak Radio in Bratislava was at that time the only technically equipped institute in Slovakia where a stereophonic record could be created. Therefore our research studies have particularly been concerned with examining the archives of this institution as well as the valuable information on implementation of the recordings we have collected through interviews with the former staff of the broadcasting organization. Our research focuses for the first time on the period of the beginnings of stereophonic sound in Slovakia, hence the purpose of this article is to summarize the research results.

  13. Earthquakes in Tuhinj Valley (Slovenia) In 1840

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ceci?, Ina

    2015-04-01

    A less known damaging earthquake in southern part of Kamnik-Savinja Alps, Slovenia, in 1840 is described. The main shock was on 27 August 1840 with the epicentre in Tuhinj Valley. The maximum intensity was VII EMS-98 in Ljubljana, Slovenia, and in Eisenkappel, Austria. It was felt as far as Venice, Italy, 200 km away. The macroseismic magnitude of the main shock, estimated from the area of intensity VI EMS-98, was 5.0. The effects of the main shock and its aftershocks are described, and an earthquake catalogue for Slovenia in 1840 is provided. Available primary sources (newspaper articles) are presented.

  14. Variability of the Molinion meadows in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marcela ?ezní?ková

    2007-01-01

    Nine vegetation types were distinguished using cluster analysis within Molinion meadows in Slovakia. Vegetation of cluster 1 occurs on most acidic soils and is characterized by the occurrence of species\\u000a of the Caricion fuscae alliance and of the Nardus grasslands. Vegetation of cluster 2 is also found on rather acidic soils but in contrast to cluster 1 vegetation it contains

  15. Hantaviruses in Serbia and Montenegro

    PubMed Central

    Bojovi?, Bojana; Antoniadis, Antonis

    2006-01-01

    Hantaviruses are endemic in the Balkan Peninsula. An outbreak of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome occurred in 2002 in Serbia and Montenegro. The epidemiologic characteristics and genetic relatedness of Dobrava/Belgrade virus strains responsible for most cases are described. PMID:16707066

  16. URBAN EXTENTS Serbia and Mon

    E-print Network

    Columbia University

    URBAN EXTENTS Greece Macedonia Romania Serbia and Mon Turkey GRUMPv1 Copyright 2009. The Trustees, and Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (CIAT). Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project (GRUMP:http://sedac.ciesin.columbia.edu/gpw/ ´ 0 50 100 Km Lambert Azimuthal Equal Area Projection Urban Extent Administrative Units National

  17. Comenius University Bratislava, Slovakia Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Comenius University Bratislava, Slovakia Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Informatics Department of Applied Informatics Michal Valko Evolving Neural Networks for Statistical Decision Theory Advisor

  18. Border Regions and Transborder Mobility: Slovakia in Economic Transition

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Allan M. Williams; Vladim´ir Bala´ž; Bernadina Bodnárová

    2001-01-01

    This paper analyses the reproduction of border region inequalities in Slovakia, between the later period of state socialism and the post 1989 transition. The 'winners' and 'losers' are largely determined by changing patterns of national and international trade, investment and labour migration in Slovakia after 1989. The paper considers the extent to which regions and households can contest their position

  19. Bryophyte Red List of Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Sabovljevic; T. Cvetic; V. Stevanovic

    2004-01-01

    The bryophyte Red List of Serbia and Montenegro comprises 254 species (212 mosses and 42 liverworts). Serbia and Montenegro have 39.50% of threatened bryoflora. One moss species is considered as extinct (Encalypta serbica Katic). In the threatened categories there are 20 critically endangered (CR), 35 endangered (EN) and 100 vulnerable (VU) bryophyte species. Seventy-two species are considered to be of

  20. A proposal for telecommunications strategy in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milan Lj. Jankovic; Miroslav L. Dukic

    2005-01-01

    According to the Constitutional Charter, which regulates relations between Serbia and Montenegro, adopted in 2003, telecommunications policy is under the Republic’s governance competence. The world’s first global information and communications technologies (ICT) ranking of countries by the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Digital Access Index (DIA), presented in the World Telecommunication Development Report 2003, classified Serbia and Montenegro in the category

  1. Education Reform in Slovenia and Ukraine.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Rutar, Sonja; Kotenko, Kateryna; Lohvynenko, Tetyana; Moyer, Joan

    2003-01-01

    Assessed the challenges faced by teacher educators from Slovenia and Ukraine as they implemented the Step by Step (SBS) initiative. Gathered information from Master Teacher Trainers about participation in educating preschool and primary children in a SBS program. Garnered important information concerning progress toward a more democratic approach…

  2. The Organizational Values of "Gimnazija" in Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pang, Nicholas Sun-Keung

    2006-01-01

    This article assesses the organizational values of "gimnazija" in Slovenia and examines the factors that contribute to the building of quality management. The theoretical framework is built on Schein's model of levels of culture, Sathe's interpretation of organizational culture and Getzels and Guba's model of organizational behaviour. Based on the…

  3. The analysis of the renewable energy production sector in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mirjana Golusin; Zdravko Tesic; Aleksandar Ostojic

    2010-01-01

    Producing energy from renewable sources in Serbia is in its initial phase, and therefore this paper points towards the basic assumptions, potentials and institutional framework for the development of this activity in Serbia. Until recently, production and consumption of energy in Serbia was a social category, but the shift towards market economy together with the fact that Serbia has adopted

  4. Araneae Sloveniae: a national spider species checklist

    PubMed Central

    Kostanjšek, Rok; Kuntner, Matjaž

    2015-01-01

    Abstract The research of the spider fauna of Slovenia dates back to the very beginning of binomial nomenclature, and has gone through more and less prolific phases with authors concentrating on taxonomy, faunistics, ecology and zoogeographic reviews. Although the body of published works is remarkable for a small nation, the faunistic data has remained too scattered for a thorough understanding of regional biotic diversity, for comparative and ecological research, and for informed conservation purposes. A national checklist is long overdue. Here, a critical review of all published records in any language is provided. The species list currently comprises 738 species, is published online at http://www.bioportal.si/katalog/araneae.php under the title Araneae Sloveniae, and will be updated in due course. This tool will fill the void in cataloguing regional spider faunas and will facilitate further araneological research in central and southern Europe. PMID:25632258

  5. Tritium Measurements in Slovenia - Chronology Till 2004

    SciTech Connect

    Logar, Jasmina Kozar; Vaupotic, Janja; Kobal, Ivan [Jozef Stefan Institute (Slovenia)

    2005-07-15

    Almost all the analyses of tritium in Slovenia have been performed by the tritium laboratory at the Jozef Stefan Institute. Nearly 90 % of its measurements have been covered by two national programs, both approved by the Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration: the radioactive monitoring program in the environs of Krsko Nuclear Power Plant (KNPP) and the program of global radioactive contamination monitoring in the environment. These programs include samples of groundwaters, surface waters, precipitation and drinking waters, as well as liquid and gaseous effluents from KNPP. Tritium was determined in some research projects and in hydrological studies of thermal waters, groundwater and coalmine waters. Tritium in the Karst region was mapped as well as the springs of entire territory of Slovenia. Around 5500 samples have been analyzed up to 2004.

  6. Q fever in Bulgaria and Slovakia.

    PubMed Central

    Serbezov, V. S.; Kazár, J.; Novkirishki, V.; Gatcheva, N.; Kovácová, E.; Voynova, V.

    1999-01-01

    As a result of dramatic political and economic changes in the beginning of the 1990s, Q-fever epidemiology in Bulgaria has changed. The number of goats almost tripled; contact between goat owners (and their families) and goats, as well as goats and other animals, increased; consumption of raw goat milk and its products increased; and goats replaced cattle and sheep as the main source of human Coxiella burnetii infections. Hundreds of overt, serologically confirmed human cases of acute Q fever have occurred. Chronic forms of Q fever manifesting as endocarditis were also observed. In contrast, in Slovakia, Q fever does not pose a serious public health problem, and the chronic form of infection has not been found either in follow-ups of a Q-fever epidemic connected with goats imported from Bulgaria and other previous Q-fever outbreaks or in a serologic survey. Serologic diagnosis as well as control and prevention of Q fever are discussed. PMID:10341175

  7. HIGH LEVEL OF CENTRALIZATION AND LOCAL DEBT IN SLOVENIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maja Klun

    As a new member of the European Union, Slovenia made several legislation changes during the accession process and as a small country could benef it a great deal from the large EU single market. Despite so many changes almost none were at the local level. Local government in Slovenia has to deal with a high level of centralization of public

  8. Public attitudes towards brown bears ( Ursus arctos) in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Petra Kaczensky; Mateja Blazic; Hartmut Gossow

    2004-01-01

    In northern Slovenia a radical change in brown bear (Ursus arctos) management – from a policy of bear suppression to a policy of bear protection – resulted in a sharp increase in sheep predation by bears. In the bear core area in southern Slovenia, on the other hand, bears have always been present, cause little damage and are an important

  9. A National Security Education Program Initiative Administered by the Institute of International Education

    E-print Network

    Saldin, Dilano

    government service #12;ˇ Traditional national security concerns of protecting & promoting American well.S. citizen ˇ An undergraduate at an accredited U.S. college/university ˇ Not graduating until after Boren Senegal Serbia Sierra Leone Slovakia Slovenia Albania Algeria Angola Argentina Armenia Azerbaijan Bahrain

  10. Information system of mineral deposits in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hribernik, K.; Rokavec, D.; Šinigioj, J.; Šolar, S.

    2010-03-01

    At the Geologic Survey of Slovenia the need for complex overview and control of the deposits of available non-metallic mineral raw materials and of their exploitations became urgent. In the framework of the Geologic Information System we established the Database of non-metallic mineral deposits comprising all important data of deposits and concessionars. Relational database is built with program package MS Access, but in year 2008 we plan to transfer it on SQL server. In the evidence there is 272 deposits and 200 concessionars. The mineral resources information system of Slovenia, which was started back in 2002, consists of two integrated parts, mentioned relational database of mineral deposits, which relates information in tabular way so that rules of relational algebra can be applied, and geographic information system (GIS), which relates spatial information of deposits. . The complex relationships between objects and the concepts of normalized data structures, lead to the practical informative and useful data model, transparent to the user and to better decision-making by allowing future scenarios to be developed and inspected. Computerized storage, and display system is as already said, developed and managed under the support of Geological Survey of Slovenia, which conducts research on the occurrence, quality, quantity, and availability of mineral resources in order to help the Nation make informed decisions using earth-science information. Information about deposit is stored in records in approximately hundred data fields. A numeric record number uniquely identifies each site. The data fields are grouped under principal categories. Each record comprise elementary data of deposit (name, type, location, prospect, rock), administrative data (concessionar, number of decree in official paper, object of decree, number of contract and its duration) and data of mineral resource produced amount and size of exploration area). The data can also be searched, sorted and printed using any of these fields. New records are being added annually, and existing records updated or upgraded. Relational database is connected with scanned exploration/exploitation areas of deposits, defined on the base of digital ortofoto. Register of those areas is indispensable because of spatial planning and spatial municipal and regional strategy development. Database is also part of internet application for quick search and review of data and part of web page of mineral resources of Slovenia. The technology chosen for internet application is ESRI's ArcIMS Internet Map Server. ArcIMS allows users to readily and easily display, analyze, and interpret spatial data from desktop using a Web browser connected to the Internet. We believe that there is an opportunity for cooperation within this activity. We can offer a single location where users can come to browse relatively simply for geoscience-related digital data sets.

  11. History of Mathematical Logic in Serbia Mirjana Borisavljevi

    E-print Network

    Stojmenovic, Ivan

    History of Mathematical Logic in Serbia Mirjana Borisavljevi Dept. of Mathematics, Faculty and Statistics, Faculty of Technical Sciences, #12;History of Mathematical Logic in Serbia468 University of Novi a brief historical overview of research in the area of mathematical logic and applications in Serbia

  12. Management of small producers waste in Slovenia

    SciTech Connect

    Fabjan, Marija; Rojc, Joze [Agency for Radwaste Management, Parmova 53, SI-1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2007-07-01

    Available in abstract form only. Full text of publication follows: Radioactive materials are extensively used in Slovenia in various fields and applications in medicine, industry and research. For the managing of radioactive waste raised from these establishments the Agency for radwaste management (ARAO) was authorised as the state public service of managing the radioactive waste in 1999. The public service of the radioactive waste of small producers in Slovenia is performed in line with the Governmental decree on the Mode, Subject and Terms of Performing the Public Service of Radioactive Waste Management (Official Gazette RS No. 32/99). According to the Decree the scope of the public service includes: 'collection of the waste from small producers at the producers' premises and its transportation to the storage facility for treatment, storing and disposal', 'acceptance of radioactive waste in case of emergency situation on the premises, in case of transport accidents or some other accidents', 'acceptance of radioactive waste in cases when the producer is unknown', 'management (collection, transport, pre-treatment, storing, together with QA and radiation protection measures) of radioactive waste', 'treatment and conditioning of radioactive waste for storing and disposal', and 'operating of the Central Interim Storage for LIL waste from small producers'. After taking over the performing of the public service, ARAO first started with the project for refurbishment and modernization of the Central Interim Storage Facility, including improvements of the storage utilization and rearrangement of the stored waste. (authors)

  13. Regional flood frequency analysis in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kavcic, Katarina; Brilly, Mitja; Sraj, Mojca

    2014-05-01

    The regional flood frequency analysis is mainly used for purposes of improving flood prediction. There are many examples of its application in different countries but it hasn't been used in Slovenia yet. So our main goal was to use different approaches to perform regional flood frequency analysis of maximum annual discharges for hydrological stations in Slovenia. Regional flood frequency analysis usually involves four steps. For each one there are different methods that can be used. At first, accuracy and discordance of data has to be checked. The second and also the most important step is identification of regions and checking their homogeneity. The last two steps are the choice of an appropriate frequency distribution for a region and estimation of the parameters and quantiles of the selected distribution, respectively. Maximum annual discharges for 112 hydrological stations in Slovenia that satisfied required conditions about measurement performance were considered for analysis. Time series were first checked for missing data, outliers, normality and linearity. The discordancy measure was also used. The regionalization was performed using two different approaches. The first method used was subjective partioning where the regions are formed with the goal to get concluded groups in which hydrological stations lay geographically close to each other. The second used method was cluster analysis within which two algorithms were tested (Ward method and K-means). Three data sets with different number of attributes were used for each one. The homogeneity of the regions was tested using the heterogeneity measure H. The result of the subjective partioning were 10 regions, 8 of them were acceptably homogeneous (H < 1), one was possibly heterogeneous (1 ? H < 2) and one was definitely heterogeneous (H ? 2). Among Ward method and K-means we decided to use the results of the latter one based on the data set with 4 attributes (catchment area, longitude, latitude, elevation). After some adjustments we defined 9 acceptably homogeneous regions. The best frequency distribution was estimated according to K-means adjusted regions. Different goodness-of-fit tests were used. For the whole region data the L-moment ratio diagram and the goodness-of-fit measure Z were performed. For the single station data the QQ diagram, Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, PPCC (probability plot correlation coefficient) and RMSE (root mean square error) were used. After analysing different results we decided to estimate the final frequency distribution of the regions using L-moment ratio diagram, goodness-of-fit measure Z and the RMSE test. At the end we estimated also the quantiles for chosen frequency distributions using the regional L-moment algorithm based on the index-flood procedure.

  14. Macrodebris and microplastics from beaches in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Laglbauer, Betty J L; Franco-Santos, Rita Melo; Andreu-Cazenave, Miguel; Brunelli, Lisa; Papadatou, Maria; Palatinus, Andreja; Grego, Mateja; Deprez, Tim

    2014-12-15

    The amount of marine debris in the environment is increasing worldwide, which results in an array of negative effects to biota. This study provides the first account of macrodebris on the beach and microplastics in the sediment (shoreline and infralittoral) in relation to tourism activities in Slovenia. The study assessed the quality and quantity of macrodebris and the quality, size and quantity of microplastics at six beaches, contrasting those under the influences of tourism and those that were not. Beach cleanliness was estimated using the Clean Coast Index. Tourism did not seem to have an effect on macrodebris or microplastic quantity at beaches. Over 64% of macrodebris was plastic, and microplastics were ubiquitous, which calls for classification of plastics as hazardous materials. Standard measures for marine debris assessment are needed, especially in the form of an all-encompassing debris index. Recommendations for future assessments are provided for the Adriatic region. PMID:25440193

  15. Collapsing health care in Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M E Black

    1993-01-01

    Serbia and Montenegro together form the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. As well as the Serb majority this includes the mixed province of Vojvodina, the mainly Albanian population in Kosovo, and the large Muslim minority in Sandzak. Since the start of war in 1991 the attention and sympathies of the world have focused on Bosnia and Croatia. The United Nations imposed

  16. Radon concentrations in a spa in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. Manic; S. Petrovic; Manic Vesna; Dragana Popovic; Dragana Todorovic

    2006-01-01

    The paper presents the results of indoor radon concentration survey in 201 homes and offices in Niska Banja (the Spa of Nis), a well-known health resort and a spa in the South-East of Serbia. Radon indoor concentrations were determined by active charcoal method, according to standard EPA procedure. The indoor radon concentrations were in the range of up to 200

  17. Serbia between civil war and democracy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    1998-01-01

    Faced with the collapse of their economy and with the attempt by national elites to take what was left of their honor, most Serbs have finally awakened from their long lethargy following the war and nationalistic hysteria in the former Yugoslavia. The government's refusal to recognize election results (that is, the victory of Zajedno—the three?party opposition coalition) in Serbia's largest

  18. 7th June, 2013. year, Belgrade, Serbia.

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    : the calibration of a camera and a 3D laser scanner, and measuring 3D displacement fields from coupling of camerard 7th June, 2013. year, Belgrade, Serbia. MEASUREMENT OF 3D DISPLACEMENT FIELDS USING 3D LASER we have developed a system for measuring 3-D displacement fields using CCD camera and 3D laser

  19. Personal exposure to particles in Banská Bystrica, Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    MICHAEL BRAUER; FRANTIŠKA HRUBÁ; EVA MIHALÍKOVÁ; ELEONÓRA FABIÁNOVÁ; PETER MISKOVIC; ALENA PLZIKOVÁ; MARIE LENDACKÁ; JOHN VANDENBERG; ALISON CULLEN

    2000-01-01

    Epidemiological studies have associated adverse health impacts with ambient concentrations of particulate matter (PM), though these studies have been limited in their characterization of personal exposure to PM. An exposure study of healthy nonsmoking adults and children was conducted in Banska Bystrica, Slovakia, to characterize the range of personal exposures to air pollutants and to determine the influence of occupation,

  20. Changes of heat waves characteristics over the territory of Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kollarikova, Patricia; Szolgay, Jan; Pecho, Jozef

    2014-05-01

    The study is focused on the analysis of long-term changes and trends of heat waves occurrence in selected meteorological stations in Slovakia. Changes of the temperature regime of the hydro-climatic system may have serious consequences on population health. It is expected that climate change could, in the next decades, also lead to a higher frequency and greater spatial extent of extreme heat waves in Central Europe. Heat waves can cause severe thermal environmental stress, health complications, higher hospital admission rates, and increased mortality. A larger number of consecutive warm days and nights can also lead to increased solar overheating of buildings, inhibited ventilation, etc. Detection of possible ongoing changes of the regime of heat ways is therefore of particular interest. Since heat waves can be quantitatively evaluated through their temperature range (extremity) and also according to their duration, a set of such characteristics using statistical methods were analysed using maximum and average daily air temperature time series from the 1951-2010 period in 8 meteorological stations over the territory of Slovakia. Results indicate an overall consistent (both in time and space) increase of selected heat wave characteristics in Slovakia mostly due to their occurrence in the last two decades (1991 to 2010). This period was characterised by the occurrence of the most extreme heat waves ever recorded in history of meteorological observations in Slovakia (years 1992, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2007, 2010). The absolutely longest and most extreme heat wave occurred in southern Slovakia (station Hurbanovo) in 1992, when one heat wave lasted 47 days, while the cumulative amount of the deviation from 30 °C reached over 106 ° C. Change of the heat waves character in the last two decades was also indicated. Compared with the previous decade (1991-2000), during the decade of 2001-2010, the heat waves had shorter durations, but their total extremity and the quantity increased significantly. Examples of this development in the years 2003, 2007 and 2010 were given.

  1. Landsliding, topographic variables and location of cultural terraces in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Komac, Blaž; Zorn, Matija

    2015-04-01

    For a large number of people living in hilly regions of Slovenia cultural terraces are important landscape elements. We know from previous studies that as many as half of vineyard terraces are built in areas which are highly susceptible to landslides, and a quarter in low landslide susceptibility areas. The contribution will present links between landslide susceptibility in terraced areas in Slovenia. Landslides are frequent element of cultural terraces-landscape. In Slovenia they are frequent in hilly and mountainous regions. The position of landslide areas is strongly influenced by the topography and thus indirectly by the construction of cultural terraces. They trigger during and after terraces construction when the drainage system is altered. Thus, agricultural activity leads to instability of slopes, and increases the production costs. Links between landsliding (Zorn and Komac 2004; 2008; 2009) and cultural terraces were determined using the geographic information systems. For the territory of Slovenia, we have already created landslide susceptibility map (Zorn and Komac 2004; 2008), while here we determined the correlation between landslides, topographic variables and location of cultural terraces. To achieve this aim, all areas of cultural terraces in Slovenia were digitized at the scale of 1:10,000. References Zorn, M., Komac B. 2004: Deterministic modeling of landslide and rockfall risk. Acta geographica Slovenica 44 (2), pp. 53-10. DOI: 10.3986/AGS44203 Zorn, M., Komac, B. 2008: Zemeljski plazovi v Sloveniji (Landslides in Slovenia). Georitem 8. Ljubljana: ZRC Publishing. Zorn, M., Komac, B. 2009: The importance of landsliding in a flysch geomorphic system: The example of the Gori\\vska brda Hills (W Slovenia). Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie N. F., Suppl. 56 (3), pp. 53-79. DOI: 10.1127/0372-8854/2012/S-00104

  2. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Plant economy at a late Neolithic lake dwelling site in Slovenia

    E-print Network

    Jacomet, Stefanie

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Plant economy at a late Neolithic lake dwelling site in Slovenia at the time study of the late Neolithic lakeshore settlement Stare gmajne (SG) at Ljubljansko barje, Slovenia-historical reasons. Keywords Plant macroremains Á Late Neolithic Á Ljubljansko barje Á Slovenia Á Waterlogged

  3. Geomyces destructans associated with bat disease WNS detected in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Alexandra Šimonovi?ov; Domenico Pangallo; Katarína Chovanová; Blanka Lehotská

    2011-01-01

    The paper describes macro- and micromorphological features of Geomyces destructans, the fungus which is associated with the white-nose syndrome (WNS) bat disease in North America. This species was isolated\\u000a from hibernating Myotis myotis at two sites in Malé Karpaty Mts (the old mine Pod medve?ou skalou and the ZbojnÍcka Cave) in Western Slovakia. Besides Geomyces destructans, the species Isaria farinosa,

  4. Restructuring Public Health in Slovenia between 1985 and 2006

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tit Albreht; Niek S. Klazinga

    2008-01-01

    Summary\\u000a Objective.  This paper explores the developments in the public health infrastructure in Slovenia in the context of the sociopolitical\\u000a and legislative changes in health care over the last 20 years. It assesses the responsiveness of the public health institutes\\u000a in Slovenia to the various plans on public health developed by health policy makers over time.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods.  After an in-depth and externally validated

  5. Belgrade vs. Serbia: Spatial Re-Configurations of Belonging

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zala Volcic

    2005-01-01

    This article explores the relationship between the nation, the city, narratives, and belonging in Serbia through an analysis of narratives of a set of 30 interviews with young Belgrade intellectuals aged 23–35. I argue that what appears to be emerging in post-Milosevic Serbia is a new articulation and a new scale of belonging. Most of my informants are mobilising their

  6. Jules Verne and Serbia and Montenegro Extraordinary Voyages and Serbia and Montenegro

    E-print Network

    Har?El, Zvi

    , alternators, transformers, induction coils, transmition of the current over a long distance and wireless from Jules Verne in 1886. The travel from Nantes to Kotor of the yacht named Sybil was the first long distance sailing trip in the history of Serbia and Montenegro. It was also the first ship ever to sail

  7. Primary health care reform in Slovenia: First results

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Igor vab

    1995-01-01

    The paper explains the main features of the primary health care system and its reform in Slovenia. The reform that has started in 1992, was characterized by the following main changes: introducing the national health insurance scheme as opposed to budget financing, a new contract between providers and the national health insurance and a possibility of independent contracting with the

  8. SUSTAINABLE CATTLE PRODUCTION IS THE BEST FOR SLOVENIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Biotechnical Fac

    In Slovenia, two thirds of agricultural areas are grassland, and 43% of areas are karst. A great part of arable areas are sandy and gravelly and thus prone to drought. The mentioned facts as well as hilly surface are the main reasons for small size farms, slim possibilities of increasing, specialization and intensive farming. Consequently cattle production should be planned

  9. Study of Autochthon Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Janko Rode

    2002-01-01

    Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz (Cruciferae) or false flax, an old oil-seed crop, is gaining interest because of its low environmental impact and wide possibilities of use. The tradition of growing false flax is still present in Slovenia. In folk medicine, the oil is considered a good remedy for stomach ulcers, the treatment of burns, wounds, eye inflammations and as a

  10. Groundwater Quality in Mura Valley (Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zajc Benda, T.; Souvent, P.; Bra?i? Železnik, B.; ?en?ur Curk, B.

    2012-04-01

    Groundwater quality is one of the most important parameters in drinking water supply management. For safe drinking water supply, the quality of groundwater in the water wells on the recharge area has to be controlled. Groundwater quality data will be presented for one test area in the SEE project CC-WaterS (Climate Change and Impacts on Water Supply) Mura valley, which lies in the northeastern part of Slovenia. The Mura valley is a part of the Pannonian basin tectonic unit, which is filled with Tertiary and Quaternary gravel and sand sediments. The porous aquifer is 17 m thick in average and recharges from precipitation (70 %) and from surface waters (30 %). The aquifer is the main source of drinking water in the area for almost 53.000 inhabitants. Most of the aquifer lies beneath the agricultural area what represents the risk of groundwater quality. The major groundwater pollutants in the Mura valley are nitrates, atrazine, desethyl-atrazine, trichloroethane and tetrachloroethene. National groundwater quality monitoring is carried out twice a year, so some polluting events could be missed. The nitrate concentrations in the past were up to 140 mg/l. Concentration trends are decreasing and are now below 60 mg/l. Concentrations of atrazine and desethyl-atrazine, are decreasing as well and are below 0,1 ľg/l. Trichloroethene and tetrachloroethene were detected downstream of main city in Mura valley, in the maximum concentrations of 280 ?g/l in June 2005 (trichloroethene) and 880 ?g/l in October 1997 (tetrachloroethene). So, it can be summarized that the trends for most pollutants in the Mura valley are decreasing, what is a good prediction for the future. Input estimation of the total nitrogen (N) (mineral and organic fertilizers) in the Mura valley shows, that the risk of leaching is enlarged in the areas, where the N input is larger than 250 kg/ha, this is at 6,3 % of all agricultural areas. Prediction for the period 2021-2050 indicates that the leaching of N could increase, but no more that 5 %. The high risk of leaching of pesticides can be expected at 60 % of the Mura valley area. According to expert judgment, the climate conditions during 2021-2050 (increase of mean annual T for more than 0,5 °C and increase of precipitation) will lead to a faster degradation of pesticides and therefore smaller chance for pesticide residuum to reach the groundwater. It can be concluded that the climate change will slightly reduce the danger of leaching into the groundwater but the extent of it will nevertheless stay comparable to the present condition.

  11. West-to-east differences of Babesia canis canis prevalence in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Michaela Kubelová; Emil Tkadlec; Marek Bedná?; Eva Roubalová; Pavel Široký

    2011-01-01

    Babesia canis canis is the most frequent causative agent of canine babesiosis in Central Europe, frequently causing severe disease. Recently, many new endemic foci of this disease have been reported from European countries. Growing incidence of canine babesiosis was recorded also in Slovakia during the last decade, from first cases in eastern Slovakia ten years ago to recent cases all

  12. Educational Robotics Initiatives in Slovakia Pavel Petrovic1, Richard Balogh2

    E-print Network

    Petrovic, Pavel

    Educational Robotics Initiatives in Slovakia Pavel Petrovic1, Richard Balogh2 1 Department of educational robotics initiatives in Slovakia and share our experience we have obtained while organizing the contests and preparing non-contest robotics educational activities. We argue that the team-work is highly

  13. Thalassemia syndromes in Serbia: an update.

    PubMed

    Radmilovic, Milena; Zukic, Branka; Stankovic, Biljana; Karan-Djurasevic, Teodora; Stojiljkovic, Maja; Spasovski, Vesna; Tosic, Natasa; Dokmanovic, Lidija; Janic, Dragana; Pavlovic, Sonja

    2010-01-01

    Thalassemia syndromes constitute a group of genetic disorders, widespread throughout the world. The present study contains data on thalassemia syndromes and their chromosomal environment obtained in Serbia over a period of 10 years. Ten different ?-thalassemia (?-thal) mutations and two hemoglobin (Hb) variants were detected in 127 members of 68 families. Hb Lepore-Boston-Washington (Lepore-BW) (?87Gln-?-IVS-II-8), a thalassemic Hb variant, was shown to be the most common cause of thalassemia in Serbia. Haplotype analyses of the ?-globin gene clusters of healthy individuals as well as of individuals affected with ?-thal showed that haplotype I was the most frequent haplotype in the Serbian population, followed by haplotypes II and IX. Two novel haplotypes were detected. Haplotype analyses showed the association between certain haplotypes and the most common thalassemic mutations. Results presented in this paper will update the Serbian national mutation database and contribute to a better understanding of genographic history of South European and Balkan populations. PMID:20854122

  14. [Physician founders of pediatric pulmonology in Serbia].

    PubMed

    Pesi?, Vladimir; Pavlovi?, Budimir

    2003-01-01

    Initial steps in the field of pediatric pulmology in Serbia were made by the first Serbian pediatricians Dr. Platon Papakostopulo (1864-1915) and Dr. Milenko Materni (1875-1929). Later on these steps were continued by Prim Dr. Ljubomir Vulovi? (1896-1970). Until the discovery of anti-tuberculotics, lung tuberculosis was one of the most frequent and most serious diseases among the adults and the children's population. Prof. Dr. Smilja Kosti?-Joksi? (1895-1981) and Prof. Dr Borivoje Tasovac (1907-1996) played a prominent role in the application and efficiency evaluation of BCG vaccines amount the Children in Sebia, along with the other chest disease studies. Immediately after the Second World War, Special Children's Hospital for Tuberculosis was set up, in 1945 in Belgrade. The Hospital had been successfully managed for a long period of time by Prim. Bojana Rokni? (1900-1976). From 1960 to 1970 the Hospital was transformed in Special Children's Hospital for Chese Disense and Tuberculosis and was the only hospital in Serbia dealing with diagonistics, therapy and rehabilitation of children's chest diseases, before all asthma, recidive bronchitis and other chronical and recidive bronchopulmonal diseases. From 1970 until now on the postgraduate course in Pulmonology on the Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, graduated over a hundred pediatricians. PMID:14692139

  15. Environmental analyse of soil organic carbon stock changes in Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Koco, Š.; Baran?íková, G.; Skalský, R.; Tarasovi?ová, Z.; Gutteková, M.; Halas, J.; Makovníková, J.; Novákova, M.

    2012-04-01

    The content and quality of soil organic matter is one of the basic soil parameters on which soil production functioning depends as well as it is active in non production soil functions like an ecological one especially. Morphologic segmentation of Slovakia has significant influence of structure in using agricultural soil in specific areas of our territory. Also social changes of early 90´s of 20´th century made their impact on change of using of agricultural soil (transformation from large farms to smaller ones, decreasing the number of livestock). This research is studying changes of development of soil organic carbon stock (SOC) in agricultural soil of Slovakia as results of climatic as well as social and political changes which influenced agricultury since last 40 years. The main goal of this research is an analysis of soil organic carbon stock since 1970 until now at specific agroclimatic regions of Slovakia and statistic analysis of relation between modelled data of SOC stock and soil quality index value. Changes of SOC stock were evaluated on the basis SOC content modeling using RothC-26.3 model. From modeling of SOC stock results the outcome is that in that time the soil organic carbon stock was growing until middle 90´s years of 20´th century with the highest value in 1994. Since that year until new millennium SOC stock is slightly decreasing. After 2000 has slightly increased SOC stock so far. According to soil management SOC stock development on arable land is similar to overall evolution. In case of grasslands after slight growth of SOC stock since 1990 the stock is in decline. This development is result of transformational changes after 1989 which were specific at decreasing amount of organic carbon input from organic manure at grassland areas especially. At warmer agroclimatic regions where mollic fluvisols and chernozems are present and where are soils with good quality and steady soil organic matter (SOM) the amount of SOC in monitored time is still growing. At colder agroclimatic regions, at flysch region especially where cambisols are present with low of SOM stability since 1994 stability or decreasing of SOC stock is resulting. This is result of climatic impact (lower temperatures, higher humidity) as well as the way of soil management because at colder region the number of glasslands is increased in comparison to arable land. Close relationship between SOC stock and soil production potential index representing the official basis for soil quality evaluation in Slovakia was also determined and a polynomial model was found which describes the relation at the 95% confidence level. From the obtained results it can be concluded, that the amount of crop residues and farmyard manure coming to the soil both in the first and second simulation period (1970 - 1995 and 1996 - 2007) was responsible for general trends in SOC stock dynamics. Achieved results also show different amount and changes of SOC stock in different agroclimatic regions. It was also found that that value of soil production potential index generally used for soil quality assessment in Slovakia corresponds well with simulated values of SOC stocks in top-soils of cropland soils. Key words Soil organic carbon stock, modelling, agricultural soils, agroclimatic regions, Slovakia Acknowledgements This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. APVV-0333-06.

  16. Genetic–industrial classification of brown coals in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marko Ercegovac; Dragana Životi?; Aleksandar Kosti?

    2006-01-01

    The petrologic, chemical and technological features of low-rank coals from nineteen of the most important basins in Serbia have been studied as part of the research project of genetic–industrial classification of low-rank coals of Serbia. Most of these features have been included as parameters of the codification system for low-rank coals. The paper discusses the main genetic, technological and supplementary

  17. West-to-east differences of Babesia canis canis prevalence in Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Kubelová, Michaela; Tkadlec, Emil; Bedná?, Marek; Roubalová, Eva; Siroký, Pavel

    2011-08-25

    Babesia canis canis is the most frequent causative agent of canine babesiosis in Central Europe, frequently causing severe disease. Recently, many new endemic foci of this disease have been reported from European countries. Growing incidence of canine babesiosis was recorded also in Slovakia during the last decade, from first cases in eastern Slovakia ten years ago to recent cases all over the south of the country. We have used nested PCR-RFLP method to study prevalence of B. c. canis in its natural tick vector Dermacentor reticulatus, collected at three geographically isolated lowland areas of southern Slovakia situated in the southeast, southwest, and west of Slovakia, respectively. The highest prevalence of B. c. canis was observed in D. reticulatus from eastern Slovakia (14.7%; n=327), whereas the prevalence in southwest was significantly lower (2.3%; n=1205). Notably, all 874 D. reticulatus ticks collected at Záhorská nížina lowland (W Slovakia) were B. c. canis-negative. Recorded differences in Babesia prevalence concurs well with the shift in incidence of clinical cases of canine babesiosis as observed by vet practitioners. Presented results revealed that eastern Slovakia represents an area of high risk of B. c. canis infection, whereas western areas of the country still remain Babesia canis-free. PMID:21514057

  18. Collapsing health care in Serbia and Montenegro.

    PubMed Central

    Black, M E

    1993-01-01

    Serbia and Montenegro together form the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. As well as the Serb majority this includes the mixed province of Vojvodina, the mainly Albanian population in Kosovo, and the large Muslim minority in Sandzak. Since the start of war in 1991 the attention and sympathies of the world have focused on Bosnia and Croatia. The United Nations imposed economic sanctions on the federal republic in 1992, although in theory medical supplies and aid are exempt. The economy has now collapsed under the triple burden of war, loss of trade between the republics, and UN sanctions. A major public health catastrophe is unfolding in the federal republic. Images p1135-a p1136-a PMID:8251816

  19. Biomass in Serbia - potential of beech forests

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brasanac-Bosanac, Lj.; Cirkovic-Mitrovic, T.; Popovic, V.; Jokanovic, D.

    2012-04-01

    As for the renewable sources for energy production, biomass from forests and wood processing industry comes to the second place. The woody biomass accounts for 1.0 Mtoe, that is equivalent with 1.0 Mtoe of oil. Due to current evaluations, the greatest part of woody biomass would be used for briquettes and pallets production. As the biomass from forests is increasingly becoming the interest of national and international market, a detailed research on overall potential of woody supply from Serbian forests is required. Beech forests account for 29.4 % of forest cover of Serbia. They also have the greatest standing volume (42.4 % of the overall standing volume) and the greatest mean annual increment (32.3 %)(Bankovic,et.al.2009). Herewith, the aim of this poster is to determine the long-term biomass production of these forests.For this purpose a management unit called Lomnicka reka has been chosen. As these beech forests have similar structural development, this location is considered representative for whole Serbia. DBH of all trees were measured with clipper and the accuracy of 0.01 mm, and the heights with a Vertex 3 device (with accuracy of 0.1 m). All measurements were performed on the fields each 500 m2 (square meters). The overall quantity of root biomass was calculated using the allometric equations. The poster shows estimated biomass stocks of beech forests located in Rasina area. Dates are evaluated using non-linear regression (Wutzler,T.et.al.2008). Biomass potential of Serbian beech forests will enable the evaluation of long-term potential of energy generation from woody biomass in agreement with principles of sustainable forest management. The biomass from such beech forests can represent an important substitution for energy production from fossil fuels (e.g. oil) and herewith decrease the CO2 emissions.

  20. Statewise Correlates of Civil Nuclear Energy

    E-print Network

    Kafle, Nischal

    2014-08-01

    .0 Croatia 0.0 Qatar 0.0 Cuba 0.0 Romania 19.0 Czech Republic 33.0 Russia 17.6 Denmark 0.0 Saudi Arabia 0.0 Egypt 0.0 Serbia 0.0 Ethiopia 0.0 Singapore 0.0 Finland 31.6 Slovakia 54.0 France 77.7 Slovenia 41.7 Germany 17.8 South Africa 5.2 Ghana 0.0 South...

  1. Level and Determinants of Housing Prices in Slovenia at Micro Level

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Martin Romih; Stefan Bojnec

    2008-01-01

    The hedonic price function is estimated for housing in Slovenia. The prices of housing in Slovenia vary by regions. Slovenian regions analyzed in the article are, according to the prices of housing, classified into three groups. The most expensive groups are Ljubljana (the capital), its suburbs and Primorska, the middle price group includes Gorenjska, whereas the least expensive housing can

  2. Lifelong Learning and the Professional Development of Geography Teachers: A View from Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kolenc Kolnik, Karmen

    2010-01-01

    Lifelong learning and continuing professional development (CPD) are considered important activities for geography teachers. However, research in Slovenia shows that many lose their enthusiasm for these activities when they leave university and enter professional practice. In Slovenia, whilst geography teachers have a sound undergraduate education,…

  3. Contribution to the lichen biota of Slovenia XII. Some lichens from Logarska dolina.

    PubMed

    Bilovitz, Peter Othmar; Arup, Ulf; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2010-11-01

    A list of 94 species is presented including Bacidia subacerina and Lopadium disciforme as new for Slovenia and Bilimbia accedens, Lecanora leptyrodes, Megalaria grossa, Mycobilimbia epixanthoides, Rinodina efflorescens, and Sclerophora peronella as new for the alpine phytogeographical region of Slovenia. PMID:22319012

  4. Contribution to the lichen biota of Slovenia XII. Some lichens from Logarska dolina

    PubMed Central

    Bilovitz, Peter Othmar; Arup, Ulf; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2011-01-01

    A list of 94 species is presented including Bacidia subacerina and Lopadium disciforme as new for Slovenia and Bilimbia accedens, Lecanora leptyrodes, Megalaria grossa, Mycobilimbia epixanthoides, Rinodina efflorescens, and Sclerophora peronella as new for the alpine phytogeographical region of Slovenia. PMID:22319012

  5. Occurrence of Echinococcus multilocularis in red foxes from the Carpathian regions of Slovakia and Poland

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Katarína Reiterová; Ewa Dziemian; Martina Miterpáková; Daniela Antolová; Marta Ko?odziej-Soboci?ska; Barbara Machnicka; Pavol Dubinský

    2006-01-01

    The extensive distribution of Echinococcus multilocularis cestode from endemic alpine areas to the parts of Central Europe has been recorded in recent years. The first confirmed finding\\u000a of E. multilocularis in Slovakia was recorded in 1999 in the area adjacent to the Polish border. At present, this serious zoonosis occurs almost\\u000a across the whole territory of Slovakia. The occurrence of

  6. Waste Water From Small Urban Areas-Impact of Environment In Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivana Mahrikova

    Slovakia after entering to the EU commits oneself to follow requests of EU Directive Nr. 91\\/271\\/EEC. The requirements of this\\u000a Directive came into force in a new Water Act. The harmonisation of the waste water treatment in Slovakia with the requirements\\u000a of this Directive will require substantial amount of funding for construction of new and reconstruction of existing WWTP's.\\u000a This

  7. Universit degli Studi di BARI CdL nelle Professioni Sanitarie

    E-print Network

    Malerba, Donato

    pubblici 8. Da quali Stati č attualmente composta la Repubblica di Serbia? A) Dalla sola Serbia B) Da Serbia, Kosovo e Macedonia C) Da Serbia e Montenegro D) Da Serbia, Montenegro, Slovenia, Croazia, Bosnia

  8. Late Pleistocene loess-palaeosol sequences in the Vojvodina region, north Serbia

    E-print Network

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    Late Pleistocene loess-palaeosol sequences in the Vojvodina region, north Serbia SLOBODAN B Chair of Physical Geography, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia 2 Faculty of Earth and Life region, north Serbia. J. Quaternary Sci., Vol. 23 pp. 73­84. ISSN 0267-8179. Received 8 September 2006

  9. Belgrade International Conference on Education 14-16 November 2013, Serbia 1 Zehra Gabillon

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    Belgrade International Conference on Education 14-16 November 2013, Serbia 1 Zehra Gabillon 2013, Belgrade : Serbia (2013)" #12;Belgrade International Conference on Education 14-16 November 2013, Serbia 2 Zehra Gabillon A Synopsis of L2 Teacher Belief Research Abstract This state-of- the-art article

  10. Seatbelt use and non-use in adults in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marjan Bilban; Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj

    2007-01-01

    Aim:  To identify population groups at risk of non-use of seat belts in front and rear seats in order to enable more focused planning\\u000a of preventive actions in Slovenia.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Methods:  The national health behaviour survey of 15,379 adults aged 25–64, carried out in 2001; response rate 64 %; 9,043 questionnaires\\u000a eligible for analysis. The observed outcomes: non-use of seat belts in the

  11. Epiphytic lichen mycota of the virgin forest reserve Rajhenavski Rog (Slovenia).

    PubMed

    Bilovitz, Peter O; Bati?, Franc; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2011-12-01

    A list of 128 taxa (127 species) of lichens, 6 species of lichenicolous fungi and 2 non-lichenized fungi traditionally included in lichenological literature from the virgin forest Rajhenavski Rog and its surroundings in the southeastern part of Slovenia is presented. The lichen Gyalecta derivata, the lichenicolous fungus Homostegia piggotii, and the non-lichenized fungus Mycomicrothelia pachnea are new to Slovenia. The lichenized fungi Chaenotheca trichialis, C. xyloxena, Lecanactis abietina, Lecanora thysanophora, Pertusaria ophthalmiza, the lichenicolous fungi Monodictys epilepraria, Tremella hypogymniae, Taeniolella friesii, and the non-lichenized fungus Chaenothecopsis pusilla are new to the Dinaric phytogeographical region of Slovenia. PMID:22942459

  12. Epiphytic lichen mycota of the virgin forest reserve Rajhenavski Rog (Slovenia)

    PubMed Central

    Bilovitz, Peter O.; Bati?, Franc; Mayrhofer, Helmut

    2012-01-01

    A list of 128 taxa (127 species) of lichens, 6 species of lichenicolous fungi and 2 non-lichenized fungi traditionally included in lichenological literature from the virgin forest Rajhenavski Rog and its surroundings in the southeastern part of Slovenia is presented. The lichen Gyalecta derivata, the lichenicolous fungus Homostegia piggotii, and the non-lichenized fungus Mycomicrothelia pachnea are new to Slovenia. The lichenized fungi Chaenotheca trichialis, C. xyloxena, Lecanactis abietina, Lecanora thysanophora, Pertusaria ophthalmiza, the lichenicolous fungi Monodictys epilepraria, Tremella hypogymniae, Taeniolella friesii, and the non-lichenized fungus Chaenothecopsis pusilla are new to the Dinaric phytogeographical region of Slovenia. PMID:22942459

  13. Alveolar echinococcosis in a highly endemic area of Northern Slovakia between 2000 and 2013.

    PubMed

    Antolova, D; Miterpakova, M; Rado?ak, J; Huda?kova, D; Szilagyiova, M; Za?ek, M

    2014-08-28

    Long-term surveillance of Echinococcus multilocularis occurrence in red foxes in Slovakia revealed the existence of highly endemic areas, with an overall prevalence rate of 41.6 % in the northern part of the country. Between 2000 and 2013, 26 human cases of alveolar echinococcosis were detected and only three of them were not in endemic localities in northern Slovakia. Remarkable is the occurrence of the disease in eight people younger than 35 years, including three patients aged eight, 14 and 19 years. Occurrence of E. multilocularis in red foxes throughout the country and high incidence of alveolar echinococcosis in young people indicate high infectious pressure in the environment of northern Slovakia. It can be assumed that the real incidence of alveolar echinococcosis is significantly higher than recorded by official data due to the lack of existing registration and reporting system. For effective management of prevention and control strategies for this disease improvement of the national surveillance system and engagement of specialists outside the medical community are necessary. Our study presents a comprehensive picture of the epidemiological situation of E. multilocularis in northern Slovakia. In addition, we report the first list of confirmed human cases of this serious parasitosis in Slovakia. PMID:25188612

  14. Effects of 1-D versus 3-D velocity models on moment tensor inversion in the Dobr Voda locality at the Little Carpathians region, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    at the Little Carpathians region, Slovakia Zuzana Jechumtálová 1 & Petr Bulant 2 1 Institute of Geophysics at Little Carpathians region, Slovakia. A simplified 1-D and 3-D laterally inhomogeneous structural models;1. Introduction and motivation The mountain region of Little Carpathians in western Slovakia, especially the zone

  15. Effects of 1-D versus 3-D velocity models on moment tensor inversion in the Dobr Voda area in the Little Carpathians region, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    Cerveny, Vlastislav

    in the Little Carpathians region, Slovakia Zuzana Jechumtá lová 1 and Petr Bulant2 1 Institute of Geophysics of the Little Carpathians region of Slovakia. Simplified 1-D and 3-D laterally inhomogeneous structural models region of the Little Carpathians in western Slovakia, especially within the zone surrounding Dobrá Voda

  16. The burden of disease and injury in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Slavenka Jankovic ´; Hristina Vlajinac; Vesna Bjegovic ´; Jelena Marinkovic ´; S. Sipetic-Grujicic; L. Markovic-Denic; Nikola Kocev; M. Santric-Milicevic; Z. Terzic-Supic; Natas˙a Maksimovic ´; Ulrich Laaser

    2006-01-01

    Background: In the last decade of the 20th century, a considerable effort has been put into the development of summary measures of population health that combine information on mortality and non-fatal health outcomes. We used the DALYs (Disability adjusted life years) method to assess the burden of disease and injury in the population of Serbia. Methods: Our study, largely based

  17. Serbia within the European context: An analysis of premature mortality

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milena Santric Milicevic; Vesna Bjegovic; Zorica Terzic; Dejana Vukovic; Nikola Kocev; Jelena Marinkovic; Vladimir Vasic

    2009-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Based on the global predictions majority of deaths will be collectively caused by cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and traffic accidents over the coming 25 years. In planning future national health policy actions, inter – regional assessments play an important role. The purpose of the study was to analyze similarities and differences in premature mortality between Serbia, EURO A, EURO B,

  18. A sustainability analysis of an incineration project in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Mikic, Miljan; Naunovic, Zorana

    2013-11-01

    The only option for municipal solid waste (MSW) treatment adopted so far in Serbia is landfilling. Similarly to other south-eastern European countries, Serbia is not recovering any energy from MSW. Fifty percent of electricity in Serbia is produced in coal-fired power plants with emission control systems dating from the 1980s. In this article, the option of MSW incineration with energy recovery is proposed and examined for the city of Novi Sad. A sustainability analysis consisting of financial, economic and sensitivity analyses was done in the form of a cost-benefit analysis following recommendations from the European Commission. Positive and negative social and environmental effects of electricity generation through incineration were valuated partly using conversion factors and shadow prices, and partly using the results of previous studies. Public aversion to MSW incineration was considered. The results showed that the incineration project would require external financial assistance, and that an increase of the electricity and/or a waste treatment fee is needed to make the project financially positive. It is also more expensive than the landfilling option. However, the economic analysis showed that society would have net benefits from an incineration project. The feed-in tariff addition of only €0.03 (KWh)(-1) to the existing electricity price, which would enable the project to make a positive contribution to economic welfare, is lower than the actual external costs of electricity generation from coal in Serbia. PMID:23690538

  19. The Romani People and Selected Churches in Slovakia: a description, analysis, and interpretation of their relations (1989-2007)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    G. R. Robertson

    2009-01-01

    The Romani People of Slovakia are marginalized in all areas of society including the church. The hypothesis of this study is that the influence of Christianity reduces the prejudicial marginalization of the Roma, providing them with a non-syncretistic faith that enables them to participate more readily within the selected churches of Slovakia. Two preliminary questions were asked prior to two

  20. Genetic differentiation of European grayling (Thymallus thymallus) populations in Serbia, based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA analyses

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background The structure and diversity of grayling (Thymallus thymallus) populations have been well studied in most of its native habitat; however the southernmost populations of the Balkan Peninsula remain largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to assess the genetic diversity of Serbian grayling populations, detect the impact of stocking and provide guidelines for conservation and management. Methods Eighty grayling individuals were collected from four rivers (Ibar, Lim, Drina and Rzav). The mitochondrial DNA control region (CR; 595 bp of the 3'end and 74 bp of flanking tRNA) and the ATP6 gene (630 bp fragment) were sequenced for 20 individuals (five from each locality). In addition, all individuals were genotyped with 12 microsatellite loci. The diversity and structure of the populations as well as the recent and ancient population declines were studied using specialized software. Results We detected three new haplotypes in the mtDNA CR and four haplotypes in the ATP6 gene of which three had not been described before. Previously, one CR haplotype and two ATP6 gene haplotypes had been identified as allochthonous, originating from Slovenia. Reconstruction of phylogenetic relations placed the remaining two CR haplotypes from the River Danube drainage of Serbia into a new clade, which is related to the previously described sister Slovenian clade. These two clades form a new Balkan clade. Microsatellite marker analysis showed that all four populations are genetically distinct from each other without any sign of intra-population structure, although stocking of the most diverse population (Drina River) was confirmed by mtDNA analysis. Recent and historical population declines of Serbian grayling do not differ from those of other European populations. Conclusions Our study shows that (1) the Ibar, Lim and Drina Rivers grayling populations are genetically distinct from populations outside of Serbia and thus should be managed as native populations in spite of some introgression in the Drina River population and (2) the Rzav River population is not appropriate for further stocking activities since it originates from stocked Slovenian grayling. However, the Rzav River population does not represent an immediate danger to other populations because it is physically isolated from these. PMID:21235756

  1. Short report: simultaneous occurrence of Dobrava, Puumala, and Tula Hantaviruses in Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Sibold, C; Meisel, H; Lundkvist, A; Schulz, A; Cifire, F; Ulrich, R; Kozuch, O; Labuda, M; Krüger, D H

    1999-09-01

    The prevalence of antibody to hantaviruses in Slovakia (serum panel n = 2,133) was lower in the western part (0.54%) and higher in the eastern part (1.91%) of the country and was found to be significantly enhanced in a group of forest workers from eastern Slovakia (5.88%). One-third of the IgM-negative convalescent phase sera from patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome exhibited antibodies reacting predominantly with Puumala virus antigen, while two-thirds had antibodies directed mainly against Hantaan virus antigen. Fine analysis of two Hantaan virus-reactive sera by a focus reduction neutralization test showed that Dobrava hantavirus was the source of these human infections. Initial results of rodent screening indicated the circulation of Dobrava virus in populations of striped field mice (Apodemus agrarius) in eastern Slovakia. PMID:10497981

  2. The parental effect on educational and occupational attainment in Slovenia during the 20th century

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Harry B. G. Ganzeboom; Anton Kramberger; Paul Nieuwbeerta

    2000-01-01

    This paper empirically addresses social change and stability in Slovenia in the 20th century. After describing historical determinants and examining stratification research in Slovenia, it brings together information on long-term trends in intergenerational mobility, using the core of the Blau-Duncan model for estimating basic parental effect within occupational and educational attainment. The data, collected in a pooled data set, is

  3. Evidence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in game animals from Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Zele, Diana; Avberšek, Jana; Gruntar, Igor; Ocepek, Matjaž; Vengušt, Gorazd

    2012-12-01

    Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a tick-borne rickettsial pathogen responsible for granulocytic anaplasmosis in mammalian hosts including humans. Wild animals may play an important role in the epidemiology of this disease. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of infection with A. phagocytophilum among wildlife in Slovenia. Serum samples (n = 376) from the most important game species [red deer (Cervus elaphus), roe deer (Capreolus capreolus), wild boar (Sus scrofa), chamois (Rupicapra rupicapra) and brown bear (Ursus arctos)] were examined by A. phagocytophilum-specific indirect fluorescent-antibody assay (IFA) and wild boar spleen samples (n = 160) were tested by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). A. phagocytophilum-specific antibodies were found in 72% of sera and A. phagocytophilum DNA was present in 6.2% of spleens. The data indicate that A. phagocytophilum is present and widespread in Slovenian game animals and that game species are involved in the natural life cycle of A. phagocytophilum. PMID:23160026

  4. Envitonmental monitoring and radiation protection in Škocjan Caves, Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Debevec Gerjevič, V.; Jovanovi?, P.

    2012-04-01

    Škocjan Caves were listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 1986, due to their exceptional significance for cultural and natural heritage. Park Škocjan Caves is located in South Eastern part of Slovenia. It was established with aim of conserving and protecting exceptional geomorphological, geological and hydrological outstanding features, rare and endangered plant and animal species, paleontological and archaeological sites, ethnological and architectural characteristics and cultural landscape and for the purpose of ensuring opportunities for suitable development, by the National Assembly of the Republic of Slovenia in 1996. Park Škocjan Caves established monitoring that includes caves microclimate parameters: humidity, CO2, wind flow and radon concentration and daughter products. The approach in managing the working place with natural background radiation is complex. Monitoring of Radon has been functioning for more than ten years now. Presentation will show the dynamic observed in the different parts of the caves, related to radon daughter products and other microclimatic data. Relation of background radiation to carrying capacity will be explained. Implementing the Slovene legislation in the field of radiation protection, we are obligated to perform special measurements in the caves and also having our guides and workers in the caves regularly examined according to established procedure. The medical exams are performed at Institution of Occupational Safety, Ljubljana in order to monitor the influence of Radon to the workers in the cave. The equivalent dose for each employed person is also established on regular basis and it is part of medical survey of workers in the caves. A system of education of the staff working in the caves in the field of radiation protection will be presented as well.

  5. Development of the central Carpathian Paleogene basin, west Carpathians, Slovakia

    SciTech Connect

    Nemcok, M. (Dionyz Stur Institute of Geology, Bratislava (Czechoslovakia)); Neese, D.G. (Maxus Energy Corp., Dallas, TX (United States))

    1993-09-01

    The central Carpathian Paleogene basin, corresponding to one of the regions of Slovakia having a hydrocarbon potential, forms part of the Carpathian system. In the west Carpathians, synorogenic sediments, derived from the rising orogene, comprise an up to 3.5-km-thick sequence of Middle Eocene to Early Oligocene clastics. Flysch-type sediments dominate and are locally cut by canyon-focused submarine fans. The morphology of the floor of the central Carpathian Paleogene basin developed during the Albian and Maastrichtian in response to pre-Senonian nappe emplacement in the inner Carpathians and Late Cretaceous thrusting in the Pieniny Klippen belt. By the end of the Cretaceous, the inner Carpathians formed an emergent orogenic belt, providing a southern source for the sedimentary fill of the central Carpathian Paleogene basin. To the north, this basin was bounded by the Pieniny Klippen belt, forming at that time an irregular chain of islands, upheld by compressionally deformed pre-Tertiary rocks. Uplift of this northern barrier may explain the development of the central Carpathian Paleogene current system. Senonian shortening was subparallel to the present strike of the Pieniny Klippen belt. During the Paleogene and Miocene, shortening changed to a northern or northeastern direction. Differential shortening gave rise to the development of major strike-slip zones and numerous strike-slip faults that accommodated differential motion of thrust slices along the orogenic front. The northern, frontal portions of the basin were shortened by thrusting, whereas its basinal and proximal parts were affected by contemporaneous transtensional strike-slip faulting. Paleogene uplift of the frontal part of the evolving mountain belt is recorded by high-slump activity in areas of flysch deposition. A minimum of 2 km of sediments are missing from the basin due to Miocene erosion. At present, only structural remnants of the ancestral Paleogene basin are preserved.

  6. Human error assessment in electric power company of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Stojiljkovic, Evica; Grozdanovic, Miroljub; Stojiljkovic, Predrag

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a case study which confirmed that the use of APJ for proper assessment of human error in the Electric Power Company of Serbia (hereinafter EPS). The proposal methodological framework was used for human error identification and quantification in the case of a repair intervention on a steel lattice tower 10/0.4 kV (jurisdiction of an EPS subsidiary ED "Jugoistok", Nis, Serbia) which resulted in an accident with a fatal outcome. One of the aims of this study is to show the necessity of human error assessment not only in manufacturing industries but, as it will be shown in this paper, in companies that distribute electric energy, as well. PMID:22317205

  7. GAST: ARBAJTERSKI R: ADIO - Migration and media in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefan Tenner

    2010-01-01

    “GAST:ARBAJTERSKI R:ADIO”, realized by Danijela Pivaševi?-Tenner and Stefan Tenner, is a research and oral history radio and web project which deals with the migration of workers from south-east to western Europe since the 1960s. The project was initiated in the summer of 2008 in the town of Požarevac and the surrounding villages, East-Serbia (Ex-Yugoslavia). At this time of year, the

  8. Radionuclides and heavy metals in Borovac, Southern Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dragana Popovic; Dragana Todorovic; Marina Frontasyeva; Jelena Ajtic; Mirjana Tasic; Slavica Rajsic

    2008-01-01

    Background, aim, and scope  The paper presents the complex approach to the assessment of the state of the environment in Southern Serbia, surroundings\\u000a of Bujanovac, the region which is of great concern as being exposed to contamination by depleted uranium (DU) ammunition during\\u000a the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) attacks in 1999. It includes studies on concentrations of radionuclides and\\u000a heavy

  9. Natural and anthropogenic factors affecting the groundwater quality in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Devic, Gordana; Djordjevic, Dragana; Sakan, Sanja

    2014-01-15

    Various chemometric techniques were used to analyze the quality of groundwater data sets. Seventeen water quality parameters: the cations Na, K, Ca, Mg, the anions Cl, SO4, NO3, HCO3 and nine trace elements Pb, As, Mn, Ni, Cu, Cd, Fe, Zn and Cr were measured at 66 different key sampling sites in ten representative areas (low land-Northern Autonomous Province of Serbia, Vojvodina and central Serbia) for the summer period of 2009. HCA grouped the sample sites into four clusters based on the similarities of the characteristics of the groundwater quality. DA showed two parameters, HCO3 and Zn, affording more than 90% correct assignments in the spatial analysis of four/three different regions in Serbia. Factor analysis was applied on the log-transformed data sets and allowed the identification of a reduced number of factors with hydrochemical meaning. The results showed severe pollution with Mn, As, NO3, Ni, Pb whereby anthropogenic origin of these contaminants was indicated. The pollution comes from both scattered point sources (industrial and urban effluent) and diffuse source agricultural activity. These samples may not be suitable for human consumption; the water quality belongs to class III/IV (contaminated). The Fe anomalies (7.1mg/L) in the water from the Vetrnica site can be attributed to natural sources, such as the dissolution of rock masses and rock fragments. The serious groundwater contamination with As (25.7-137.8 ?g/L) in the area of Banat (Northern Autonomous Province of Serbia, Vojvodina) and a sample No. 9 at the Great Morava River requires urgent attention. PMID:24080418

  10. Characterization of microorganisms isolated from lignite excavated from the Záhorie coal mine (southwestern Slovakia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Richard Pokorný; Petra Olejníková; Miroslav Balog; Peter Zif?ák; Udo Hölker; Martina Janssen; Jutta Bend; Milan Höfer; Rudolf Holien?in; Daniela Hudecová; L'udovít Vare?ka

    2005-01-01

    Microorganisms were isolated from lignite freshly excavated in the Záhorie coal mine (southwestern Slovakia) under conditions excluding contamination with either soil or air-borne microorganisms. The isolates represented both Prokarya and Eukarya (fungi). All were able to grow on standard media, although some microorganisms were unstable and became extinct during storage of coal samples. Bacteria belonged to the genera Bacillus, Staphylococcus,

  11. Recombination in Tula Hantavirus Evolution: Analysis of Genetic Lineages from Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    CLAUS SIBOLD; HELGA MEISEL; DETLEV H. KRUGER; MILAN LABUDA; JAN LYSY; OTO KOZUCH; MILAN PEJCOCH; ANTTI VAHERI; ALEXANDER PLYUSNIN

    1999-01-01

    To examine the evolution of Tula hantavirus (TUL), carried by the European common vole (Microtus arvalis and M. rossiaemeridionalis), we have analyzed genetic variants from Slovakia, the country where the virus is endemic. Phylogenetic analysis (PHYLIP) based on either partial (nucleotides (nt) 441 to 898) or complete N-protein-encoding sequences divided Slovakian TUL variants into two main lineages: (i) strains from

  12. Genetic variation in agamospermous taxa of Hieracium sect. Alpina (Compositae) in the Tatry Mts. (Slovakia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    H. Štorchová; J. Chrtek Jr.; I. V. Bartish; M. Tetera; J. Kirschner; J. Št?pánek

    2002-01-01

    .  ?The mode of reproduction, pollen production, chromosome numbers, genetic variation (RAPD, allozymes) and overall similarity\\u000a were studied in 6 species of Hieracium sect. Alpina in the Tatry Mts. (the Western Carpathians, Slovakia). All species were confirmed to be agamospermous and, except of H. krivanense and H. slovacum, lacking pollen grains. For the first time, a chromosome number is reported for

  13. Vegetation types of dry-mesic oak forests in Slovakia Vegetacn typy subtermofilnch doubrav na Slovensku

    E-print Network

    Role?ek, Jan

    - sent successionally unstable vegetation created by man from mixed mesic forests (Svoboda 1943Vegetation types of dry-mesic oak forests in Slovakia Vegetacní typy subtermofilních doubrav na, e-mail: honza.rolecek@centrum.cz Rolecek J. (2005): Vegetation types of dry-mesic oak forests

  14. Numerical classification and ordination of ruderal plant communities (Sisymbrietalia, Onopordetalia) in the western part of Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Mucino

    1982-01-01

    The ruderal communities of the orders Sisymbrietalia and Onopordetalia from the western part of Slovakia have been subjected to numerical classification and ordination. The ordination techniques proved to be a useful tool in the elucidation of the cluster pattern as well as in the detection of the main environmental variation underlying the floristic variation within the data. Results obtained with

  15. Final Treatment Center Project for Liquid and Wet Radioactive Waste in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Kravarik; M. Stubna; A. Pekar; T. Krajc; M. Zatkulak; Z. Holicka; M. Slezak

    2006-01-01

    The Final Treatment Center (FTC) for Mochovce nuclear power plant (NPP) is designed for treatment and final conditioning of radioactive liquid and wet waste produced from plant operation. Mochovce NNP uses a Russian VVER-440 type reactor. Treated wastes comprise radioactive concentrates, spent resin and sludge. VUJE Inc. as an experienced company in field of treatment of radioactive waste in Slovakia

  16. Case–control study of PCBs, other organochlorines and breast cancer in Eastern Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marian Pavuk; James R Cerhan; Charles F Lynch; Anton Kocan; Jan Petrik; Jana Chovancova

    2003-01-01

    This case–control study was designed to investigate association between polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and risk of breast cancer in an area of high environmental exposure in the Michalovce district of eastern Slovakia. Incident breast cancer cases from the Michalovce district diagnosed between May 1997 and May 1999 were recruited through the Oncology Department of the District Hospital. A total of 15

  17. Costs, Commitment and Compliance: The Impact of EU Democratic Conditionality on Latvia, Slovakia and Turkey

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Frank Schimmelfennig; Stefan Engert; Heiko Knobel

    2003-01-01

    'Democratic conditionality' is the core strategy of the EU to induce candidate states to comply with its human rights and democracy standards. How does it work and when is it effective? This article reports findings of a comparative study of 'hard cases': Slovakia under Meciar; Turkey; and Latvia. We argue that EU democratic conditionality is a strategy of 'reinforcement by

  18. From convergence to fragmentation: uneven regional development, industrial restructuring, and the 'transition to capitalism' in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A Smith

    1996-01-01

    The transition from the state socialist model of development to one based upon a form of market capitalism is being met with a profound restructuring of the space-economies of Central and East European societies. This paper is an examination of the experience of this 'transition' in Slovakia. It is argued that, whereas a process of regional convergence took place under

  19. Recombination in Tula hantavirus evolution: analysis of genetic lineages from Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Sibold, C; Meisel, H; Krüger, D H; Labuda, M; Lysy, J; Kozuch, O; Pejcoch, M; Vaheri, A; Plyusnin, A

    1999-01-01

    To examine the evolution of Tula hantavirus (TUL), carried by the European common vole (Microtus arvalis and M. rossiaemeridionalis), we have analyzed genetic variants from Slovakia, the country where the virus is endemic. Phylogenetic analysis (PHYLIP) based on either partial (nucleotides [nt] 441 to 898) or complete N-protein-encoding sequences divided Slovakian TUL variants into two main lineages: (i) strains from eastern Slovakia, which clustered with Russian strains, and (ii) strains from western Slovakia situated closer to those from the Czech Republic. We found genetic diversity of 19% between the two groups and 4% within the western Slovakian TUL strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the 3' noncoding region (3'-NCR), however, placed the eastern Slovakian strains closer to those from western Slovakia and the Czech Republic, with a greater distance to the Russian strains, suggesting a recombinant nature of the S segment in the eastern Slovakian TUL lineage. A bootscan search of the S-segment sequences of TUL strains revealed at least two recombination points in the S sequences of eastern Slovakian TUL strains (nt 400 to 415 and around 1200) which agreed well with the pattern of amino acid substitutions in the N protein and deletions/insertions in the 3'-NCR of the S segment. These data suggest that homologous recombination events occurred in the evolution of hantaviruses. PMID:9847372

  20. Recombination in Tula Hantavirus Evolution: Analysis of Genetic Lineages from Slovakia

    PubMed Central

    Sibold, Claus; Meisel, Helga; Krüger, Detlev H.; Labuda, Milan; Lysy, Jan; Kozuch, Oto; Pejcoch, Milan; Vaheri, Antti; Plyusnin, Alexander

    1999-01-01

    To examine the evolution of Tula hantavirus (TUL), carried by the European common vole (Microtus arvalis and M. rossiaemeridionalis), we have analyzed genetic variants from Slovakia, the country where the virus is endemic. Phylogenetic analysis (PHYLIP) based on either partial (nucleotides [nt] 441 to 898) or complete N-protein-encoding sequences divided Slovakian TUL variants into two main lineages: (i) strains from eastern Slovakia, which clustered with Russian strains, and (ii) strains from western Slovakia situated closer to those from the Czech Republic. We found genetic diversity of 19% between the two groups and 4% within the western Slovakian TUL strains. Phylogenetic analysis of the 3? noncoding region (3?-NCR), however, placed the eastern Slovakian strains closer to those from western Slovakia and the Czech Republic, with a greater distance to the Russian strains, suggesting a recombinant nature of the S segment in the eastern Slovakian TUL lineage. A bootscan search of the S-segment sequences of TUL strains revealed at least two recombination points in the S sequences of eastern Slovakian TUL strains (nt 400 to 415 and around 1200) which agreed well with the pattern of amino acid substitutions in the N protein and deletions/insertions in the 3?-NCR of the S segment. These data suggest that homologous recombination events occurred in the evolution of hantaviruses. PMID:9847372

  1. The effects of property transformation on forestry entrepreneurship and innovation in the context of Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaroslav Šálka; Roman Longauer; Milan Lacko

    2006-01-01

    The present study analyses the effects of property transformation on innovation and entrepreneurship in the forestry sector of Slovakia. The analysis follows the theories of property rights, property transaction costs and innovation systems. The study is based on information collected by the Regional Project Centre INNOFORCE of the European Forest Institute in three developed market economies (Austria, Germany, Italy) and

  2. Why Did the Trains Stop? The Two Year Cessation of Jewish Deportations from Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anitra Van Prooyen

    2012-01-01

    In 1942, the bloodiest year of the Holocaust, Nazi Germany sent almost three million people to the death camps of the East in its effort to exterminate all the Jews of Europe. Yet amidst this carnage—when deportations from other countries were accelerating—Slovakia resisted German pressure and halted all Jewish deportations for two years. What accounts for this anomaly, one of

  3. Alternative Civil Enculturation: Political Disenchantment and Civic Attitudes in Minority Schools in Estonia, Latvia, and Slovakia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Golubeva, Maria; Austers, Ivars

    2011-01-01

    The article investigates the ways in which minority schools in Latvia, Estonia, and Slovakia resist the dominant narratives of nation and citizenship and provide an alternative model of civil enculturation for students. It provides evidence to support the hypothesis that differences between competing narratives of statehood and nationhood among…

  4. Assessment of the aquatic habitat quality of the mountain streams in Eastern Slovakia by bioindication

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monika Jalcovikova; Marcela Skrovinova; Ivan Stankoci; Zbynek Bajtek

    2010-01-01

    In 2008 was implemented topographical and ichtyological research on the chosen streams on the east of Slovakia. For hydraulic modeling was used RHABSIM model which is component of the IFIM (Instream Flow Incremental Methodology). IFIM is an interdisciplinary decision-making system, which has arisen as a result of the knowledge that most fish species prefer certain combinations of water depths, flow

  5. Topographic maps of Serbia prior to the WWI

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kovács, B.

    2009-04-01

    Compilation of high or medium scale topographic surveys always played an important role in the geosciences of newly independent countries. Serbia formally has gained back its independency from the Turkish Empire sortly after the 1878 Congress of Berlin. The newly founded Institute of Military Geography in Beograd made efforts to complete a topographic series of 1:75,000 scale. Actually two serieses have been completed prior to the Balkan Wars of 1912-13, one with Latin and the other with the Cyrillic name descriptions, in French and Serbian languages, respectively. The scale of these map systems are identical to the Habsburg general mapping of Central Europe, covering also Serbia. As the Habsburg maps used the prime meridian of Ferro, their Serbian counterparts were using the one of Paris, which is a mere longitude shift of 20 degrees in round numbers. The geodetic basis behind the Serbian maps is probably the Habsburg triangulation in the Balkans (1871-75) - this would explain why the Vienna-centered Hermannskogel datum has been used also in Yugoslavia and Serbia even till nowadays. The French language series has red planar graphic elements (only the names, elevations and the railroad lines are written or drawn in back), blue, brown and green prints were used for waters, contours and vegetation. The Serbian language series mostly reminds to the modern maps albeit it has only three colors (black, brown and green).

  6. Report on radio observation of meteors (Iža, Slovakia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolinský, Peter; Dorotovi?, Ivan; Vidovenec, Marian

    2014-02-01

    During the period from 1 to 17 August 2014 meteors were experimentally registered using radio waves. This experiment was conducted in the village of Iža, Slovakia. Its main objective was to test the technical equipment intended for continuous registration of meteor echoes, which will be located in the Slovak Central Observatory in Hurbanovo. These tests are an indirect continuation of previous experiments of observation of meteor showers using the technology available in Hurbanovo at the end of the 20th and the beginning of the 21st century. The device consists of two independent receiver systems. One recorded echoes of the transmitter Graves 143.050 MHz (N47.3480° E5.5151°, France) and the second one recorded echoes of the TV transmitter Lviv 49.739583 MHz (N49.8480° E24.0369°, Ukraine). The apparatus for tracking radio echoes of the transmitter Graves consists of a 9-element Yagi antenna with vertical polarization (oriented with an elevation of 0° at azimuth 270°), the receiver Yaesu VR-5000 in CW mode, and a computer with registration using the program HROFFT v1.0.0f. The second apparatus recording the echoes of the transmitter Lviv consists of a LP (log-periodic) antenna with horizontal polarization (elevation of 0° and azimuth of 90°), the receiver ICOM R-75 in the CW mode, and also a computer with registration using HROFFT v1.0.0f. A total of about 78000 echoes have been registered during around 700 hours of registration. Probably not all of them are caused by meteors. These data were statistically processed and compared with visual observations in the IMO database. Planned own visual observations could not be performed due to unfavourable weather conditions lasting from 4 to 13 August 2014. The registered data suggest that observations were performed in the back-scatter mode in this configuration and not in the planned forward-scatter mode. Deeper analysis and longer data sets are, however, necessary to calibrate the observation system and this will be subject of our future work. A realization of a custom radio system similar to the BRAMS system is also being considered.

  7. Initial characterization of an unidentified Armillaria isolate from Serbia using LSU-IGS1 and TEF-1-a genes

    E-print Network

    Initial characterization of an unidentified Armillaria isolate from Serbia using LSU-IGS1 and TEF-1 of Belgrade-Faculty of Forestry, 1, Kneza Viseslava street, 11030, Belgrade, Serbia; 2 USDA Forest Service Serbia could represent an evolutionary ancestral state because of its separate, basal position compared

  8. Monitoring of selenium in macrophytes - the case of Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Mechora, Špela; Germ, Mateja; Stibilj, Vekoslava

    2014-09-01

    This paper examines macrophytes from various locations in Slovenian streams for selenium (Se) content in an attempt to discover if Se contamination is present and if Se uptake varies between sampling sites. For this purpose, macrophytes and water from ten locations in the Notranjska and Central regions (Slovenia) with different land use in the catchment were sampled. To assess the environmental conditions of the streams the Riparian, Channel, and Environment (RCE) inventory was applied, which revealed that investigated stretches of streams fall into RCE classes III, IV and V. The concentration of Se in water at all locations was less than 1?gSeL(-1). The Se content in macrophytes differed between sampling sites, with the highest content of Se in samples from Žerovniš?ica stream and the lowest in samples from Lipsenjš?ica stream. The content of Se was the highest in moss samples (3038ngSeg(-1) DM) and in the amphibious species Veronica anagallis-aquatica (1507ngSeg(-1) DM). PMID:24997953

  9. Systemic conditions for performance of pharmacoepidemiologic studies in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Primozic, S; Kos, M; Mrhar, A; Ravnik, I

    2001-12-01

    In Slovenia, the national health insurance system covers almost the whole population. The average patient receives six to seven prescriptions per year with an average value of 15 USD per prescription. This paper presents the systemic conditions necessary for the performance of pharmacoepidemiologic studies. A recent study addressing the use of antiepileptic drugs is an example. The current law on Personal Data Protection, which is compliant with EU Directive 95/46/EC, prevents infringement of personal integrity resulting from inappropriate use of personal data or inappropriate management and use of databases containing personal data. Since July 2000, the Law on Health Care Related Databases has defined the databases and the ways data can be acquired, processed, transferred, and exchanged among persons authorized to perform health care services. When gathering additional data not currently contained in the health care-related databases defined by the law, written consent from participants is required, and study documentation must be submitted for approval to the national Medical Ethics Committee. The main legislation covering clinical and pharmacoepidemiologic research is the Medicinal Products and Medical Devices Act of 1999, together with its by-laws, which is also in accordance with EU Directives. PMID:11980260

  10. The contents of handling data and geometry in the early years of new mathematics curriculum in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatjana Hodnik

    In the article, the authors present and establish basic changes of mathematical education at the beginning of a 9-year primary school in Slovenia. The new mathematics curriculum in Slovenia brings the following main changes: extension of a mathematical problem, introduction of handling data in the early years of elementary school, and according to different models of abstractions, a new concept

  11. Colorado potato beetle [ Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say)] resistance to organophosphates and carbamates in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Stankovi?; A. Zabel; M. Kostic; B. Manojlovic; S. Rajkovic

    2004-01-01

    Leptinotarsa decemlineata (Say), the Colorado potato beetle (potato beetle), is the most destructive potato pest in Serbia. Up to four pesticide treatments are necessary for its control. Insecticide resistance of the potato beetle in Serbia is well-investigated and documented, especially to organophosphates and carbamates. Toxicity of chlorpyriphos (organophosphates) and carbosulfan (carbamates) was investigated by topical application, using adults of the

  12. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in different types of smoked meat products from Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jasna Djinovic; Aleksandar Popovic; Wolfgang Jira

    2008-01-01

    The contents of the16 EU priority PAHs in six different meat products from Serbia (beef ham, pork ham, bacon without skin, bacon with skin, cajna sausage and sremska sausage) were examined during the process of smoking. All these meat products from meat industry Zlatiborac, Ma?kat, Serbia presented in this study, have not previously been analysed concerning to their contents of

  13. Environmental Issues in the Didactic Materials in Schools in Republic of Serbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Maravic, Milutin; Ivkovic, Sonja; Segedinac, Mirjana; Adamov, Jasna

    2014-01-01

    The main task of the examination is to establish environmental issues in the didactic materials for primary and secondary school in Republic of Serbia. Environmental issues in the secondary school curriculum in Serbia, according to the current educational curricula and educational programs, is limited to general subjects (chemistry and biology…

  14. Composition of Essential Oils of Some Wild Salvia Species Growing in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Claude Chalchat; Silvana D. Petrovic; Zoran A. Maksimovic; Momcilo S. Gorunovic

    2004-01-01

    The oils of two wild Salvia species from Serbia: S. nemorosa from the Deliblato Sands (Vojvodina), and S. glutinosa from the vicinity of the Vlasina Lake (southeastern Serbia) were subjected to analysis. The oil yields from the dried aerial parts from S. nemorosa and S. glutinosa were 0.3 vol% and 0.028 g%, respectively. The compositions of the oils were determined

  15. POSSIBILITY OF EFFICIENT UTILIZATION OF WOOD WASTE AS A RENEWABLE ENERGY RESOURCE IN SERBIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bojan ?er?an; Tamara Luki?; Milka Bubalo-Živkovi?; Branislav ?ur?ev; Rastislav Stojsavljevi?; Milana Panteli?

    2012-01-01

    Wood biomass in Serbia is traditionally used for energy. However, the manner of its use is outdated, and efficiency is very low. Annually over 3.5 million m3 of wood is cut down for energy needs in Serbia. In order to better exploit all forms of woody biomass, especially the one that is now treated as waste, and in order to

  16. Maize redness in Serbia caused by stolbur phytoplasma is transmitted by Reptalus panzeri

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Maize redness (MR) causes midrib, leaf and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development in maize in Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria. High populations of the ciixid Reptalus panzeri were found in MR affected maize fields in the southern Banat region of Serbia in 2005 and 2006, and stolbur phytoplasma w...

  17. Assessment of soil erosion on arable land using 137 Cs measurements: a case study from Jaslovske Bohunice, Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Emil Fulajtar

    2003-01-01

    This study was carried out to obtain a representative set of data on long-term erosion rates from a pilot area located close to the Jaslovske Bohunice village, in western Slovakia using the 137Cs-method. The study area chosen was representative of the hilly loess cultivated areas of Slovakia. The sampling strategy was based on a multiple transect approach. Analyses of the

  18. Chromosome numbers within the Achillea millefolium and the A. distans Groups in the Czech Republic and Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ji?í Danihelka; Olga Rotreklová

    2001-01-01

    TheAchillea millefolium group is represented in the Czech Republic and Slovakia by six species.Achillea setacea andA. asplenifolia are diploid;A. collina andA. pratensis are tetraploid;A. millefolium is hexaploid; andA. pannonica is octoploid. The populations from Slovakia of theA. distans group, distributed mainly in Central and south-eastern Europe, were all hexaploid. The presence of these taxa in the area\\u000a studied was documented

  19. Transboundary Groundwater Body Karavanke/Karawanken Between Austria and Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brencic, M.; Poltnig, W.

    2009-04-01

    Large part of the border region between Republic of Slovenia and Republic of Austria is represented by high east west extended mountainous ridge of Karavanke/Karawanken. It is a range extending along the Slovenian-Austrian border for almost 150 km. Its terrain consists of long and prominent ridges, whose slopes steeply fall to the northern and southern side. Ridges are interrupted by long, deep and narrow valleys. The highest peaks reach over 2000 m above sea level. In the entire range prominent ridges with mountain meadows and forests prevail. The area is scarcely populated, the main economic activities are grazing and forestry, in some places tourism is also developing, especially winter sports centres. Karavanke/Karawanken lies on the contact between two continental plates, the large European plate in the north and the smaller Adriatic plate in the south. When the Adriatic plate was thrusted over the European one towards the north, the collision resulted in the folding of sediments previously deposited in the space between the plates. The contact of both plates caused large lateral displacements, causing the rocks of both plates to fold and fault and then extend along the contact. This is the area of Periadriatic lineament, dividing Karavanke/Karawanken range into their north and south part. Periadriatic lineament is large stripe slip tectonic structure along which on the northern side rocks were extruded to the east and on the southern side to the west. Along the lineament metamorphic (e.g. biotitic and feldsparic para-gneis, amfibolites) and magmatic (e.g. diabaz, granite and tonalite) rocks of various ages are present. Palaeozoic sedimentary rocks cover large part of the mountain ridge. The oldest are Silurian and Ordovician limestone on the northern border followed by Devonian ridge limestones. They are covered by molasse sedimentation in Carbon and shallow marine and river predominantly clastic sedimentation in Perm. The most abundant and with numerous varieties are rocks from Triassic age. In general they can be divided into rocks of Northern and Southern Karavanke/Karawanken deposited in different sedimentation basins. In lower part clastic rocks prevail, going into the upper part of Triassic age more and more carbonate rocks are present. In Southern Karavanke/Karawanken sedimentary rocks formed in the deeper part as well as on the carbonate platform are present, however in Northern Karavanke/Karawanken sedimentary rocks of shallower sedimentary environment are predominant. In the upper Triassic part of Northern Karavanke/Karawanken large zinc and lead ore deposits were formed. Among younger rocks only small patches are present. The most abundant are Rosenbacher coal-bearing beads of Jauntal/Juna in Austria of Miocen age where the uplift history of Karavanke/Karawanken is very well reflected. Extensive Quaternary sediments are present as slope sediments and sediments filling deep valleys. At the end of the 20th century decision was made to construct a 7,8 km long road tunnel through Karavanke/Karawanken between Hrušica on the Slovenian side and Rosenbach/Podrožca on the Austrian side. It was established already during the construction that waters flowing from the tunnel represent an important water resource. In Slovenia some of these springs were captured and led into the water supply network, while in Austria they remained well protected water resource for the future. Such important water resources require protection, which in turn demands knowledge about their recharge areas. This fact stimulated authorities of both countries to support the beginning of hydrogeological investigations in the west Karavanke/Karawanken region through the common ''Drava/Drau water-management commission'' and subcommission "Drinking water reserves of Karavanke/Karawanken mountains". During hydrogeological investigations detailed hydrogeological mapping of the whole Karavanke/Karawanken ridge was made. Sampling of important springs and low water discharge measurements followed this stage. Samples were taken for basic ch

  20. Chlorophyll-phosphorus relationship in acidified lakes of the High Tatra Mountains (Slovakia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vojt?ch Vyhnálek; Jan Fott; Ji?í Kopá?ek

    1994-01-01

    Concentrations of total phosphorus (TP) and chlorophyll a (CHLA) were measured in 28 lakes in the High Tatra Mountains (Slovakia) from 1983 to 1990. The relationship between log CHLA\\u000a and log TP in the Tatra lakes is similar to relationships developed for lakes in other regions, but variation is higher. A\\u000a part of this variation is caused by acidification of

  1. Landslide hazard zonation by deterministic analysis (Ve?ká ?ausa landslide area, Slovakia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Róbert Jelínek; Peter Wagner

    2007-01-01

    A practical application of a simple and economical solution to landslide hazard zonation based on slope stability analysis\\u000a was carried out in the Ve?ká ?ausa landslide, Horná Nitra region, central Slovakia. The region is prone to different types\\u000a of slope deformation controlled by geological structure, physical and mechanical properties of materials, complicated hydrogeological\\u000a setting, undulating morphology, and man-made influence. Taking

  2. The occurrence of puncture vine ( Tribulus terrestris ) and its metabolic characteristics in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan Šalamon; Miroslav Habán; Tibor Baranec; Marta Habánová; Milan Knoll

    2006-01-01

    Tribulus terrestris L., commonly known as puncture vine is a plant that grows in temperate climates and is native in the South and East Europe\\u000a (Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Slovakia). The medicinal attributes of puncture vine influence the furostanol saponins, which\\u000a have a stimulation effect on natural testosterone levels. In regard to this fact the stimulating effect on the immune,

  3. Trends in hydrological drought in eastern Slovakia by analysis of low flows

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zelenakova, Martina; Solakova, Tatiana; Purcz, Pavol; Simonova, Dorota; Kuzevicova, Zofia

    2014-05-01

    An important function in both engineering hydrology and integrated catchment area management is performed by statistical analysis. This paper presents the trend analysis of low water flows in selected rivers in Eastern Slovakia. There are many statistical methods for data evaluation. The most of useful, presented in this paper, is the non-parametric Mann-Kendall test. This analysis was carried out for statistical data from 63 river stations lying in the eastern part of Slovakia, namely in Hornád, Poprad, Bodva, Bodrog river basins. The data were obtained from the Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute, Regional Centre Košice. Because the low flow data are not comparable for the individual stations, normally it is only possible to do the statistical analysis for each river station separately. The relative sizes of the low stream flow trends in individual river stations were calculated as directives of the trend lines. Using ArcView GIS 3.2 was created thematic map from geographical map of Eastern Slovakia.

  4. Implementing Change in Architectural Design in Elementary School Art Education in Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Batic, Janja

    2014-01-01

    This article reports on a study of the effects of an action research project that aimed to improve the practice of teaching art in elementary schools in Slovenia. The specific focus was on the planning and execution of art tasks relating to architectural design. The planned improvements were based on the process of architectural design from…

  5. Science Achievement, Gender Differences, and Experimental Work in Classes in Slovenia as Evident in TIMSS Studies

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Pavesic, Barbara Japelj

    2008-01-01

    Since 1999, Slovenia has been in the process of introducing nine years of compulsory education to replace the previous eight-year system of compulsory education. Under the new system, the school entry age is six years rather than the former seven years. This reform of the system necessitated a number of other changes, such as those relating to the…

  6. Holstein polaron FMF, University of Ljubljana and J. Stefan Institute, 1000, Slovenia

    E-print Network

    Bonèa, Janez

    Holstein polaron J. Bonca FMF, University of Ljubljana and J. Stefan Institute, 1000, Slovenia S. A computational resources 12-digit accuracy for the one-dimensional polaron energy at intermedi- ate coupling . We vector k in essentially all parameter regimes. Our results for the polaron energy band, effective mass

  7. CHRONOLOGICAL AND DIETARY ASPECTS OF THE HUMAN BURIALS FROM AJDOVSKA CAVE, SLOVENIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C Bonsall; M Horvat; K McSweeney; M Masson; T F G Higham; C Pickard; G T Cook

    Ajdovska Jama (The Pagan's Cave) in southeast Slovenia lies within the catchment of the River Sava, a major tributary of the Danube. The site is well known for its Neolithic burials and has been excavated to a high standard on various occasions since 1884. The human remains at the site occurred as distinct clusters of mainly disarticulated bones belonging to

  8. Negotiating Rural Tourism Development at the Local Level : A case study in Pisece, Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    A. Verbole

    1999-01-01

    This study examines the policy and politics of the development of rural tourism at the local level in Slovenia. Its purpose was to increase our understanding of the socio-political dimensions of the rural tourism development process at the local community level by contributing to the current methods of investigating, describing and understanding of rural tourism.This dissertation argues that sustainable rural

  9. Ecological Modelling 170 (2003) 453469 Modeling the brown bear population in Slovenia

    E-print Network

    Dzeroski, Saso

    2003-01-01

    Ecological Modelling 170 (2003) 453­469 Modeling the brown bear population in Slovenia A tool of the core area, and its potential habitat based on natural habitat suitability. Data collected through of the population and maps of its optimal and maximal potential habitat (based on natural suitability). Overall

  10. The Neglected War: The Memory of World War I in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregor Joseph Kranjc

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the remembrance of World War I in Slovenia during three distinct periods of the nation's history: 1918–1941, 1941–1991 and 1991 to the present. The work argues that the memory and remembrance of World War I has been categorically underrepresented in the official histories of the last ninety years for a number of political and ideological reasons. Having

  11. The New Evangelisation and Adult Religious Education in Slovenia: Challenges and Possibilities

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Stegu, Tadej

    2015-01-01

    The Catholic Church in Slovenia is facing the challenge of the new evangelisation in the area of religious education which, at present, is mainly confined to the parish catechesis. She recognises the urgent need to pass from the religious education of children to adult catechesis. The latter is already being implemented in various forms by a…

  12. A cross-cultural comparison of business ethics: cases of Russia, Slovenia, Turkey, and United States

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Robert D. Hisrich; Branko Bucar; Sevgi Oztark

    2003-01-01

    Presents the empirical findings regarding the ethical attitudes of business people in four culturally and economically different countries (Russia, Slovenia, Turkey, and the United States) based on the assumptions of integrative social contracts theory. Given the quality of institutions in the four surveyed countries and the quality of economic interactions, it was anticipated that the United States would rank the

  13. Nitrate leaching under vegetable field above a shallow aquifer in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vesna Zupanc; Martina Šturm; Sonja Lojen; Nina Marši?-Kacjan; Joseph Adu-Gyamfi; Branka Bra?i?-Železnik; Janko Urbanc; Marina Pintar

    2011-01-01

    In the search for new technologies that would ensure optimum yield and environmental sustainability, various irrigation, nitrogen and cropping system management strategies for the production of vegetables with a shorter growing period were assessed at a benchmark site in Slovenia for the years 2006 and 2007. In the studied years four irrigation and fertilization treatments were applied: (1) 50% drip

  14. Atmospheric heavy metal pollution in Slovenia derived from results for epiphytic lichens

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. Jeran; R. Ja?imovi?; F. Bati?; B. Smodiš; H. T. Wolterbeek

    1996-01-01

    In 1992, a monitoring survey has been started on the national scale in Slovenia using the epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. The primary aim has been to analyse lichens using the k0-based INAA method to obtain information about the levels of elements in the atmosphere and to identify significant pollution sources. Monte Carlo-Assisted Factor Analysis was applied to a

  15. The Influence of Nutrition Education on the Food Consumption and Nutrition Attitude of Schoolchildren in Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kostanjevec, Stojan; Jerman, Janez; Koch, Verena

    2012-01-01

    In Slovenia, nutrition education is included in the compulsory education curriculum of the nine-year elementary school. The aim of nutrition education is for schoolchildren to acquire knowledge on nutrition to help them form healthy nutritional habits. This research aims at establishing whether the formal nutrition education carried out at schools…

  16. A landslide susceptibility model using the Analytical Hierarchy Process method and multivariate statistics in perialpine Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marko Komac

    2006-01-01

    Landslides cause damage to property and unfortunately pose a threat even to human lives. Good landslide susceptibility, hazard, and risk models could help mitigate or even avoid the unwanted consequences resulted from such hillslope mass movements. For the purpose of landslide susceptibility assessment the study area in the central Slovenia was divided to 78365 slope units, for which 24 statistical

  17. Direct-to-consumer genetic testing in Slovenia: availability, ethical dilemmas and legislation

    PubMed Central

    Vrecar, Irena; Peterlin, Borut; Teran, Natasa

    2015-01-01

    Introduction Over the last few years, many private companies are advertising direct-to-consumer genetic testing (DTC GT), mostly with no or only minor clinical utility and validity of tests and without genetic counselling. International professional community does not approve provision of DTC GT and situation in some EU countries has been analysed already. The aim of our study was to analyse current situation in the field of DTC GT in Slovenia and related legal and ethical issues. Materials and methods Information was retrieved through internet search, performed independently by two authors, structured according to individual private company and the types of offered genetic testing. Results Five private companies and three Health Insurance Companies offer DTC GT and it is provided without genetic counselling. Available tests include testing for breast cancer, tests with other health-related information (complex diseases, drug responses) and other tests (nutrigenetic, ancestry, paternity). National legislation is currently being developed and Council of Experts in Medical Genetics has issued an opinion about Genetic Testing and Commercialization of Genetic Tests in Slovenia. Conclusions Despite the fact that Slovenia has signed the Additional protocol to the convention on human rights and biomedicine, concerning genetic testing for health purposes, DTC GT in Slovenia is present and against all international recommendations. There is lack of or no medical supervision, clinical validity and utility of tests and inappropriate genetic testing of minors is available. There is urgent need for regulation of ethical, legal, and social aspects. National legislation on DTC GT is being prepared. PMID:25672471

  18. Development of national human biomonitoring programme in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Perharic, Lucija; Vracko, Pia

    2012-02-01

    In Slovenia patchy human biomonitoring (HBM) data have been collected over the past three decades, mainly in areas polluted with lead, mercury or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). In 2007, the National Institute of Public Health (NIPH) prepared a proposal for the national HBM programme based on the initiatives and recommendations of the World Health Organisation, the International Programme on Chemical Safety and the European Environment and Health Action Plan 2004-2010. In the absence of national reference values we proposed an initial two year cross-sectional environmental epidemiological study aiming to establish national reference values for selected chemicals in blood of 320 subjects; i.e. 40 males, and in blood and milk of 40 breastfeeding first time mothers, aged 20-35 years living in each of the four unpolluted areas, and fulfilling other specific inclusion and exclusion criteria. In the next two phases, inhabitants of other regions including heavily contaminated hot spots will be studied, thus involving in total 960 subjects in six years. We selected the following chemicals: benzene, cadmium, fluoride, lead, mercury, organochlorine pesticides, and a range of polybrominated dyphenyl ethers, polychlorinated dibenzo dioxins, polychlorinated dibenzo furans and PCB congeners. The selection criteria were based on national air and soil monitoring results, toxicological hazard of chemicals, their persistence and bioaccumulation potential, estimated size of exposed populations, analytical capacity, certain public concerns, and trends in other countries. In order to help the identification of exposure sources we also proposed the contents of a detailed questionnaire to be completed by the participants. The first results were expected in 2010, but are not yet available. We expect that the results will provide a base to determine the national reference values, exposure of adults to selected chemicals irrespective of exposure route and exposure of babies via maternal milk, to establish the geographical differences in exposure, to identify and evaluate the sources of exposure, to compare the data internationally, as well as generate data for risk assessment, risk reduction measures, and indicate the needs for further studies. PMID:22154459

  19. Transnational advocacy networks: the case of Roma mobilization in Macedonia and Serbia 

    E-print Network

    Grewal, Ramneek

    2012-06-29

    The purpose of this study is to ascertain and explain the effectiveness of Roma political activism in contesting state oppression in Macedonia and Serbia. More specifically, this thesis seeks to investigate the divergent ...

  20. Large scale relationships between basin and riparian land cover and ecological status of European rivers: examples with invertebrate indices from France, Estonia, Slovakia and

    E-print Network

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    rivers: examples with invertebrate indices from France, Estonia, Slovakia and United Kingdom. JEAN invertebrate indices of ecological quality to river basin and riparian land cover in France, Slovakia, Estonia and UK. Invertebrate indices, transformed to Ecological Quality Ratios (EQR), were taken from national

  1. 115Proceedings: Ecology, Survey and Management of Forest Insects GTR-NE-311 Preliminary Results on Predation of Gypsy Moth Egg Masses in Slovakia

    E-print Network

    Liebhold, Andrew

    on Predation of Gypsy Moth Egg Masses in Slovakia Marek Turcáni1 , Andrew Liebhold2 , Michael McManus3-1703, e-mail: mlmcmanus@fs.fed.us Abstract Predation of gypsy moth egg masses was studied in Slovakia from of egg mass predation in gypsy moth population dynamics. The relative contribution of invertebrates vs

  2. Police violence and sexual risk among female and transvestite sex workers in Serbia: qualitative study

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tim Rhodes; Milena Simi?; Sladjana Baroš; Lucy Platt; Bojan Žiki?

    2008-01-01

    Objective To explore female and transvestite sex workers’ perceptions of risk in the sex work environment in Serbia.Design Qualitative interview study.Setting Street based locations for sex work in Belgrade and Pancevo, Serbia.Participants 31 female and transvestite sex workers.Results Violence, including police violence, was reported as a primary concern in relation to risk. Violence was linked to unprotected sex and the

  3. Concentration of trace elements in blood and feed of homebred animals in Southern Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dragana Popovic; Tatjana Bozic; Jelka Stevanovic; Marina Frontasyeva; Dragana Todorovic; Jelena Ajtic; Vesna Spasic Jokic

    2010-01-01

    Background, aim and scope  The paper presents concentrations of trace elements in blood of homebred animals (cows and sheep) from Southern Serbia (Bujanovac)\\u000a and the contents of natural and anthropogenic radionuclides and some heavy metals in feed. The region of Southern Serbia was\\u000a exposed to contamination by depleted uranium ammunition during NATO attacks in 1999 and therefore, is of great concern

  4. The Impact Of Snow Melt On Surface Runoff Of Sava River In Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Horvat, A.; Brilly, M.; Vidmar, A.; Kobold, M.

    2009-04-01

    Snow is a type of precipitation in the form of crystalline water ice, consisting of a multitude of snowflakes that fall from clouds. Snow remains on the ground until it melts or sublimates. Spring snow melt is a major source of water supply to areas in temperate zones near mountains that catch and hold winter snow, especially those with a prolonged dry summer. In such places, water equivalent is of great interest to water managers wishing to predict spring runoff and the water supply of cities downstream. In temperate zone like in Slovenia the snow melts in the spring and contributes certain amount of water to surface flow. This amount of water can be great and can cause serious floods in case of fast snow melt. For this reason we tried to determine the influence of snow melt on the largest river basin in Slovenia - Sava River basin, on surface runoff. We would like to find out if snow melt in Slovenian Alps can cause spring floods and how serious it can be. First of all we studied the caracteristics of Sava River basin - geology, hydrology, clima, relief and snow conditions in details for each subbasin. Furtermore we focused on snow and described the snow phenomenom in Slovenia, detailed on Sava River basin. We collected all available data on snow - snow water equivalent and snow depth. Snow water equivalent is a much more useful measurement to hydrologists than snow depth, as the density of cool freshly fallen snow widely varies. New snow commonly has a density of between 5% and 15% of water. But unfortunately there is not a lot of available data of SWE available for Slovenia. Later on we compared the data of snow depth and river runoff for some of the 40 winter seasons. Finally we analyzed the use of satellite images for Slovenia to determine the snow cover for hydrology reason. We concluded that snow melt in Slovenia does not have a greater influence on Sava River flow. The snow cover in Alps can melt fast due to higher temperatures but the water distributes and runs off slowly and does not cause floods. About use of satellite images we concluded that first of all, weather is unfavorable - lots of cloudiness in winter, and furthermore a grater part of land is covered by forest which prevents to see the snow cover on image clearly.

  5. HIV and risk behaviour among men who have sex with men in Slovakia (2008-2009).

    PubMed

    Staneková, Danica; Kramárová, Patrícia; Wimmerová, So?a; Hábeková, Monika; Taká?ová, Mária; Mojzesová, Mária

    2014-12-01

    The HIV infection remains a major public health issue in the world and especially in those countries where there exists unprotected sexual intercourse between people of the same sex. It is namely the category of men having sex with men (MSM) that still represents a group at high risk of being infected with HIV or transmitting the virus. The aim of our study was to present HIV 2nd generation surveillance data on MSM in Slovakia in the period between the years 2008 and 2009. Time-location sampling (TLS) was used to recruit participants and oral fluid samples together with completed anonymous questionnaires were collected simultaneously. The oral fluids were tested with use of the Genscreen HIV ˝ version 2, (Bio-Rad) and Western Blot (Genlabs) diagnostic kits. The data analysis was performed using Stata version 8. Saliva testing revealed HIV prevalence of 6.1% (21/349) among MSM in Slovakia. 75% of HIV-positive cases were undiagnosed. The high-risk behaviour of MSM in respect to the number of their sexual partners as well as drug and condom usage did not correspond with their relatively high knowledge about HIV/AIDS. People's attitude towards MSM was found to be the worst in the religious context. Though our results reflect a relative good knowledge of MSM about HIV/AIDS infection, new HIV-positive cases and high-risk behaviour still appear, suggesting the need for more effective HIV prevention among members of this high-risk group in Slovakia. PMID:25622481

  6. History of remote-sensing methods in meteorology, cloud physics and nowcasting in Slovakia over the period 1965-1990

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Podhorský, Dušan; Guba, Peter

    2014-03-01

    A brief overview of building the radar and satellite meteorology in Slovakia over the period 1965-1990 and application of dispatching locators of PAR, SRE and RSR types for studying the evolution of convective cells is given. Further, the conception and implementation of a meteorological radar network in Slovakia, the algorithms for recognition of clouds and phenomena related to the parameters of radioecho are reviewed. The development of a new laser radar (LIDAR) and the application of a prototype meteorological radar with the TESLA RM-3 controlled polarizer are described.

  7. Applicability of Bromilo?s Time-cost Model for Residential Projects in Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ma?ková, Daniela; Bašková, Renáta

    2014-11-01

    The concept of construction time has been mentioned by most researchers as one of the key factors of a successful project. Time-cost model for rapid estimation of construction time appeared in the world some fifty years ago and the most mentioned is model developed by Bromilow. The purpose of submitted research is to validate Bromilo?s time-cost (BTC) model and identify constants in BTC model in context with residential construction projects in Slovak construction conditions. The data for the study were obtained from 28 residential projects completed within the period 2010-2013 in regions of Slovakia. The data were analyzed using classical correlation and regression analysis

  8. Industry turns its attention south

    SciTech Connect

    Marhefka, D. [Russian Petroleum Investor, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries in the Former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. Significant foreign investment continues to elude Russia`s oil and gas industry, so the Caspian nations of Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan are picking up the slack, welcoming the flow of foreign capital to their energy projects. Separate evaluations are given for Russia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Moldova, Tajikstan, Uzbekistan, Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Serbia.

  9. Nursing education in Slovenia and its impact on nurses publishing in their professional journal.

    PubMed

    Dornik, Ema; Vidmar, Gaj; Zumer, Maja

    2005-04-01

    The paper describes development of nursing education in Slovenia (from Associate Degree to Diploma level, with BSN programme of brief duration) and discusses its impact on structure and contents of the Journal of the Slovenian Nursing Association (JSNA). Extensive bibliometric analysis was performed on all scientific and technical papers published in the JSNA between 1976 and 2001. Statistical analyses were carried out to study characteristics and inter-relations of authorship, article type, cited references and subject classification. A positive impact of improved and extended education of nurses on quantity and quality of their publications was confirmed. Nevertheless, further steps in terms of education and research are needed fully to establish nursing as an independent profession in Slovenia, and there is still much room for improving the standard of the articles in the JSNA. PMID:15795022

  10. Case study: A severe hailstorm and strong downbursts over northeastern Slovenia on June 16th 2009

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Korosec

    2009-01-01

    Introduction A strong isolated storm complex with bow echo feature crossed northeastern Slovenia in the late afternoon hours and caused extensive damage due to severe wind gusts near 30m\\/s, excessive rainfalls and large hail. Synoptic situation On June 16th 2009, an upper-level ridge persists over southern Europe while a positively tilted short-wave trough, connected to a complex deep trough over

  11. Source rocks and hydrocarbon generation in Slovenia (Mura Depression, Pannonian Basin)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    C Hasenhüttl; M Kraljic; R. F Sachsenhofer; B Jelen; R Rieger

    2001-01-01

    Source rock analysis (organic carbon, Rock-Eval, gas chromatography, vitrinite reflectance) and numeric modelling techniques have been applied to evaluate the hydrocarbon potential and the timing of hydrocarbon generation in northeastern Slovenia (Mura Depression, Pannonian Basin). Source rocks of Mesozoic age were not detected. Most Tertiary samples are gas prone. Oil-prone sediments occur mainly in Egerian\\/Eggenburgian, Karpatian and Sarmatian levels. The

  12. Evaluation of causes of increased incidence of cervical cancer in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Špela Smrkolj; Stelio Rakar; Andrej Možina; Mojca Eržen

    2004-01-01

    Objective: In Slovenia the opportunistic cervical cancer (CC) screening programme has been performed within the regular gynaecological practice since 1960. The incidence rate 28.8\\/105 decreased to 16.1\\/105 in 1982, and increased to 23\\/105 in 1996. To explain the increased CC incidence the patients’ screening histories, occurrence of symptoms, and details of preventive measures were studied on the basis of medical

  13. The isotope altitude effect reflected in groundwater: a case study from Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Mezga, Kim; Urbanc, Janko; Cerar, Sonja

    2014-01-01

    This paper presents the stable isotope data of oxygen (?(18)O) and hydrogen (?(2)H) in groundwater from 83 sampling locations in Slovenia and their interpretation. The isotopic composition of water was monitored over 3 years (2009-2011), and each location was sampled twice. New findings on the isotopic composition of sampled groundwater are presented, and the data are also compared to past studies regarding the isotopic composition of precipitation, surface water, and groundwater in Slovenia. This study comprises: (1) the general characteristics of the isotopic composition of oxygen and hydrogen in groundwater in Slovenia, (2) the spatial distribution of oxygen isotope composition (?(18)O) and d-excess in groundwater, (3) the groundwater isotope altitude effect, (4) the correlation between groundwater d-excess and the recharge area altitude of the sampling location, (5) the relation between hydrogen and oxygen isotopes in groundwater in comparison to the global precipitation isotope data, (6) the groundwater isotope effect of distance from the sea, and (7) the estimated relation between the mean temperature of recharge area and ?(18)O in groundwater. PMID:24437700

  14. Estimated collective effective dose to the population from radiological examinations in Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    Zontar, Dejan; Zdesar, Urban; Kuhelj, Dimitrij; Pekarovic, Dean; Skrk, Damijan

    2015-01-01

    Background The aim of the study was to systematically evaluate population exposure from diagnostic and interventional radiological procedures in Slovenia. Methods The study was conducted in scope of the “Dose Datamed 2” project. A standard methodology based on 20 selected radiological procedures was adopted. Frequencies of the procedures were determined via questionnaires that were sent to all providers of radiological procedures while data about patient exposure per procedure were collected from existing databases. Collective effective dose to the population and effective dose per capita were estimated from the collected data (DLP for CT, MGD for mammography and DAP for other procedures) using dose conversion factors. Results The total collective effective dose to the population from radiological in 2011 was estimated to 1300 manSv and an effective dose per capita to 0.6 mSv of which approximately 2/3 are due to CT procedures. Conclusions The first systematic study of population exposure to ionising radiation from radiological procedures in Slovenia was performed. The results show that the exposure in Slovenia is under the European average. It confirmed large contributions of computed tomography and interventional procedures, identifying them as the areas that deserve special attention when it comes to justification and optimisation. PMID:25810709

  15. Estimated collective effective dose to the population from nuclear medicine examinations in Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    Skrk, Damijan; Zontar, Dejan

    2013-01-01

    Background A national survey of patient exposure from nuclear medicine diagnostic procedures was performed by Slovenian Radiation Protection Administration in order to estimate their contribution to the collective effective dose to the population of Slovenia. Methods A set of 36 examinations with the highest contributions to the collective effective dose was identified. Data about frequencies and average administered activities of radioisotopes used for those examinations were collected from all nuclear medicine departments in Slovenia. A collective effective dose to the population and an effective dose per capita were estimated from the collected data using dose conversion factors. Results The total collective effective dose to the population from nuclear medicine diagnostic procedures in 2011 was estimated to 102 manSv, giving an effective dose per capita of 0.05 mSv. Conclusions The comparison of results of this study with studies performed in other countries indicates that the nuclear medicine providers in Slovenia are well aware of the importance of patient protection measures and of optimisation of procedures. PMID:24133396

  16. Case study of the 9 May 2003 windstorm in southwestern Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ka?ák, Ján; Benko, Martin; Simon, André; Sokol, Alois

    2007-02-01

    May 9, 2003 thunderstorm in southwest Slovakia is considered one of the most severe convective events to have happened in Slovakia during the past ten years. The majority of the reported damage was caused by very strong outflowing winds and hail. The downburst (macroburst) nature of the event was confirmed by a damage survey carried out in the area hit by the thunderstorm. The supercell nature of the storm was inferred from radar measurements, with the fields of radar reflectivity and radial Doppler velocity showing typical supercell features (e.g. BWER echo). The satellite imagery (from METEOSAT 7) indicated a large-scale dry air intrusion as a possible factor of downdraft enhancement. Aspects of the storm environment were inferred from soundings, numerical analysis of the ALADIN model and Velocity Azimuth Display data from radar. The results enable comparison of the outputs of several instability indices, such as CAPE, DCAPE and Storm to Relative Environmental Helicity (SREH). It was concluded based on structure and development that the storm showed many similarities to the so called High Precipitation (HP) supercell type.

  17. Molecular characterization of 'Candidatus Rickettsia vini' in Ixodes arboricola from the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Novakova, Marketa; Bulkova, Alexandra; Costa, Francisco B; Kristin, Anton; Krist, Milos; Krause, Frantisek; Liznarova, Eva; Labruna, Marcelo B; Literak, Ivan

    2015-04-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of rickettsiae in the tree-hole tick Ixodes arboricola in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. During May to September of 2009 and 2013, bird boxes belonging to three different areas were screened for ticks. In total, 454 nestlings and 109 nests of 10 hole-breeding bird species were examined. Ticks were found on Ficedula albicollis, Parus major, Cyanistes caeruleus and Sitta europaea and/or in their nests. In total, 166 ticks (17 nymphs, 10 males and 139 females) were found at 3 areas (arithmetic meanąstandard error: 55.3ą45.9). All ticks were tested for the presence of Rickettsia species by polymerase chain reaction targeting the rickettsial genes gltA, ompA, ompB and htrA and amplicon sequencing. All individuals except 3 nymphs were infected with 'Candidatus Rickettsia vini'. Multilocus sequence typing showed closest proximity to Rickettsia japonica and Rickettsia heilongjiangensis cluster. The presence of 'Ca. R. vini' is reported for the first time in Slovakia. PMID:25769386

  18. Comparative health risks of domestic waste combustion in urban and rural Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Krajcovicová, Jana; Eschenroeder, Alan Q

    2007-10-01

    This paper addresses the health risk incurred by two alternative waste management schemes: open burning of household waste in barrels practiced in rural Slovakia and controlled municipal waste combustion in the city of Bratislava. Using agricultural land use data and village population data we formulate three prototype villages, each representing about one-third of the rural population. The two configurations of the controlled combustion are an outdated municipal waste incinerator (MWI) and a modern waste-to-energy (WTE) plant equipped with modern air pollution control devices. These configurations actually exist(ed) in Bratislava, Slovakia at the same site, but in different time frames. The CALPUFF model provides direct exposure data and the EMERAM software (developed in this paper) computes indirect exposure. A major source of uncertainty is that of the fraction of waste burned in the open. The analysis presented here assumed 10%. At this level, the cancer risk from open burning ranges from 10 to 80 times the commonly regarded de minimus value of one in a million. This means that underthe U.S. contemporary regulatory culture, some regulatory action to control or enforce the burning ban would be expected. Cancer risks from the incinerator ranged from 7 to 371 in a million while the WTE risks were below 1 in a million. Cancer risks from open burning are higher than those of the WTE plant and at the same time affect a larger portion of concerned population. PMID:17969705

  19. Holocaust Education in the "Black Hole of Europe": Slovakia's Identity Politics and History Textbooks Pre- and Post-1989

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Michaels, Deborah L.

    2013-01-01

    Holocaust education in Slovakia stands at the confluence of diverse discourses of state and supra-national legitimation. Principles of national self-determination, minority rights, and political ideologies inform and lend credence to how Slovaks' national and state identities are narrated in Slovak history textbooks. For small nation-states with…

  20. The 32nd International Acoustical Conference -EAA SYMPOSIUM "ACOUSTICS BANSK STIAVNICA 2002" September 10 -12, 2002 SLOVAKIA

    E-print Network

    Shinn-Cunningham, Barbara G.

    The 32nd International Acoustical Conference - EAA SYMPOSIUM "ACOUSTICS BANSKÁ STIAVNICA 2002" September 10 - 12, 2002 SLOVAKIA 109 Auditory Localization in Rooms: Acoustic Analysis and Behavior Norbert and a KEMAR acoustic manikin at four different listener positions in the room and multiple source positions

  1. Cross-cultural comparison of seven morningness and sleep-wake measures from Germany, India and Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Randler, Christoph; Prokop, Pavol; Sahu, Subhashis; Haldar, Prasun

    2015-08-01

    Morningness-eveningness or circadian typology can be viewed as an interesting aspect of individual differences. Morningness-eveningness is a preference for a given time of day for physical or mental performance, but also reflects aspects of affect. Here, we used seven different measures to assess differences in morningness-eveningness between Germany, Slovakia and India. The hypothesis was that Indians should be earliest chronotypes, followed by Slovakia and then Germany, because of higher temperatures in India, and the fact that Slovakia is located farther east compared to Germany. We applied the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM), the Circadian Energy Scale (CIRENS), the CAEN Chronotype Questionnaire (CCQ), and habitual sleep-wake variables to calculate sleep duration, midpoint of sleep and social jetlag. Sample sizes were N = 300 (Germany), N = 482 (Slovakia) and N = 409 (India). Country had the strongest influence on morningness-eveningness. Germans were latest chronotypes and differed in all seven measures from Indians but differed from Slovakians only in the energy level at the evening and midpoint of sleep. Slovakians and Indians differed in all measures but the energy level (CIRENS). Women scored higher on the CSM, lower on CIRENS, lower on the morningness-eveningness (ME) scale, but higher on distinctness (DI) scale. Women slept longer and had an earlier midpoint of sleep. PMID:25175755

  2. Influence of benomyl and prometryn on the soil microbial activities and community structures in pasture grasslands of Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Soa Javoreková; Ivana Svreková; Jana Maková

    2010-01-01

    The effects of pesticides (a herbicide and a fungicide) on the microbial community structure and their activity were analyzed in soil from four alpine pasture grasslands in Slovakia. Specifically, the effects of the herbicide, Gesagard (prometryn active ingredient), and fungicide, Fundazol 50 WP (benomyl active ingredient), on the microbial respiration activity (CO2 production), the numbers of selective microbial physiological groups

  3. Return period estimation of extraordinary flash flood events in Slovakia: regional frequency analysis using a Bayesian MCMC approach

    Microsoft Academic Search

    L. Gaál; E. Gaume; A. Viglione; J. Szolgay; G. Blöschl

    2009-01-01

    A regional frequency analysis including reconstructed major flash flood events on ungauged catchments that occurred in Slovakia during the past few decades is carried out. These events are characterized by extremely high discharge values, largely exceeding the highest the values recorded on the gauged catchments (e.g., the Strba Creek event, June 24, 2001, had a peak discharge of 65 m3\\/s

  4. Toxigenic Fusarium Species of Liseola Section in Pre-harvest Maize Ear Rot, and Associated Mycotoxins in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Antonia Srobarova; Antonio Moretti; Rosalia Ferracane; Alberto Ritieni; Antonio Logrieco

    2002-01-01

    The occurrence of Fusarium species of Liseola section and related toxins was investigated for two years (1996 and 1998) on maize ear rot samples collected in the most important areas for maize growing in Slovakia. The species most frequently isolated was F. verticillioides, followed by F. proliferatum in 1996 and F. subglutinans in 1998. Most of the strains belonged to

  5. Proving State Responsibility for Genocide: The ICJ in Bosnia v. Serbia and the International Commission of Inquiry for Darfur

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ademola Abass

    2007-01-01

    This Article discusses the Bosnia v. Serbia case and the Darfur Inquiry and asks whether, in coming to their respective decisions on Serbia and Sudan's responsibilities, the ICJ and the ICID did all that was required of them, especially under the law of State responsibility. This Article first considers whether, despite striking similarities in the circumstances of Darfur and Srebrenica,

  6. Roles of Stolbur phytoplasma and Reptalus panzeri (Cixiinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the epidemiology of Maize redness in Serbia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Maize redness (MR), a disease causing midrib, leaf and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development in maize, has been reported from Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria for 50 years. Recent epiphytotics reduced yields by 40-90% in southern Banat, Serbia. MR was recently associated with the presence of th...

  7. Roles of Stolbur Phytoplasma and Reptalus Panzeri (Cixiinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the Epidemiology of Maize Redness in Serbia

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    Maize redness (MR), a disease causing midrib, leaf and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development in maize, has been reported from Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria for 50 years. Recent epiphytotics reduced yields by 40-90% in southern Banat, Serbia. MR was recently associated with the presence of th...

  8. Job satisfaction among health care workers in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Korac, Vesna; Vasic, Milena; Krstic, Maja; Markovic, Roberta

    2010-01-01

    According to literature review there seems to be a general agreement that job satisfaction among doctors is declining. This study's objective was to identify job satisfaction levels and their causes among health care workers, employed at the public health institutions. A job satisfaction survey of health care workers was therefore carried out in 197 public health centers in the Republic of Serbia, 157 primary health care centers and 40 general hospitals, in 2008. A satisfaction questionnaire, containing 24 items was used to investigate job satisfaction. Respondents (23.259), working in primary health care, indicated an average job satisfaction level of 3.08 +/- 0.67 on a 5-point scale. Respondents (11.302), working in general hospitals, indicated a lower average job satisfaction level of 2.96 +/- 0.63. The reported level of satisfaction was the highest for their opportunities to use their abilities, cooperation with colleagues and fellow workers, and freedom to choose their own methods of work. Doctors, working in primary health care centers, reported higher level of job satisfaction than hospital doctors. Overall, job satisfaction of doctors and nurses is relatively low. Increased pay rate and more adequate equipment, as well as possibilities for education and career improvement, would enhance their job satisfaction. PMID:21086768

  9. Tritium concentration analysis in atmospheric precipitation in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Jankovi?, Marija M; Jankovi?, Bojan Ž; Todorovi?, Dragana J; Ignjatovi?, Ljubiša M

    2012-01-01

    Tritium activity concentration were monitored in monthly precipitation at five locations in Serbia (Meteorological Station of Belgrade at Zeleno Brdo, Vin?a Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Smederevska Palanka, Kraljevo and Niš) over 2005, using electrolytic enrichment and liquid scintillation counting. The obtained concentrations ranged from 3.36 to 127.02 TU. The activity values obtained in samples collected at Zeleno Brdo were lower or close to the minimum detectable activity (MDA), which has a value of 3.36 TU. Significantly higher tritium levels were obtained in samples collected in Vin?a Institute of Nuclear Sciences compared with samples from the other investigated locations. Amount of precipitation were also recorded. A good linear correlation (r = 0.75) for Zeleno Brdo and VINS between their tritium activity was obtained. It was found that the value of the symmetrical index n (which indicates the magnitude of tritium content changes with time (months) through its second derivative) is the highest for Vin?a Institute of Nuclear Sciences compared to other locations, which is in accordance with the fact that the highest concentrations of tritium were obtained in the samples from the cited place. PMID:22416861

  10. Which are my Future Career Priorities and What Influenced my Choice of Studying Science, Technology, Engineering or Mathematics? Some Insights on Educational Choice—Case of Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Gregor Cerinsek; Tina Hribar; Natasa Glodez; Slavko Dolinsek

    2012-01-01

    This paper is addressing the problem of under-representation of young people in general, and females in particular, in the fields of science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) in Slovenia. It has two main objectives: (1) to identify which priorities male and female STEM students in Slovenia seek in their future careers, and (2) to identify different important factors (i.e. key

  11. Presence of Leishmania and Brucella Species in the Golden Jackal Canis aureus in Serbia

    PubMed Central

    ?irovi?, Duško; Chochlakis, Dimosthenis; Tomanovi?, Snežana; Sukara, Ratko; Penezi?, Aleksandra; Tselentis, Yannis; Psaroulaki, Anna

    2014-01-01

    The golden jackal Canis aureus occurs in south-eastern Europe, Asia, the Middle East, the Caucasus, and Africa. In Serbia, jackals neared extinction; however, during the last 30 years, the species started to spread quickly and to increase in number. Few studies in the past have revealed their potential role as carriers of zoonotic diseases. Animal samples were collected over a three-year period (01/2010–02/2013) from 12 sites all over Serbia. Of the tissue samples collected, spleen was chosen as the tissue to proceed; all samples were tested for Leishmania species and Brucella species by real-time PCR. Of the 216 samples collected, 15 (6.9%) were positive for Leishmania species, while four (1.9%) were positive for B. canis. The potential epidemiologic role of the golden jackal in carrying and dispersing zoonotic diseases in Serbia should be taken under consideration when applying surveillance monitoring schemes. PMID:24967397

  12. Genetic detection of Dobrava-Belgrade hantavirus in the edible dormouse (Glis glis) in central Serbia.

    PubMed

    Stanojevic, M; Nikolic, V; Stajkovic, N; Stamenkovic, G; Bozovic, B; Cekanac, R; Marusic, P; Gligic, A

    2015-01-01

    Hantaviruses are endemic in the Balkans, particularly in Serbia, where sporadic cases and/or outbreaks of hantaviral human disease have been reported repeatedly, and evidenced serologically. Here, we present genetic detection of Dobrava-Belgrade virus (DOBV) hantaviral sequences in wild rodents trapped in central Serbia. All the animals were pre-screened serologically by indirect immunofluorescence (IF) test and only those with a positive finding of hantaviral antigens were further tested by polymerase chain reaction. Of the total of 104 trapped animals, 20 were found to be IF positive and of those three were positive for hantaviral RNA: one Microtus arvalis for Tula virus, and one each of Apodemus agrarius and Glis glis for DOBV. Phylogenetic analysis of the obtained sequences implies putative DOBV spillover infection of A. agrarius and G. glis from Apodemus flavicollis. However, future investigations should help to identify the most common natural host and geographical distribution of DOBV in its reservoir hosts in Serbia. PMID:24762257

  13. Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on winter precipitation totals in Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Leskova, Livia; Stastny, Pavel

    2013-04-01

    The North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) is the most important circulation mode in the Northern Hemisphere, which impacts climate in Europe in various ways. The strongest impacts of oscillation on air temperature and precipitation regime are detected in Scandinavia and Mediterranean region, but impacts have opposite effect. Therefore, assessment of the relation between NAO and precipitation totals seems to be interesting in Slovakia, because of the country location in the centre between above mentioned regions. Our former research detected only the relation between NAO and a winter precipitation totals in Slovakia. More detailed aspects of this relation is analysed in this paper. A correlation method was used at two resolution levels, which detected opposite spatial impact of NAO on above mentioned seasonal precipitation. The first generalised level was based on the precipitation regions, which were distinguished on the base of characteristic precipitation regime of individual regions. The second level was more detailed and the correlation method was applied on data of every individual rain gauge station from the set of 202 rain gauge stations with complete data for period 1901 - 2010 in Slovakia. In the northern part of the country (Orava and Kysuce regions), there was found the positive correlation. Increase in the winter precipitation totals was recorded in the same regions and general precipitation trend in this area was similar to the trend in used Hurrell oscillation index. It means, following the increasing trend in oscillation course, we can also expect the increase in precipitation totals in these regions in the near future. In a southward direction, this correlation changed to the negative values and the most negative correlation coefficients were reached in the lowland regions (Podunajská and Východoslovenská nížina) and in the region of Juhoslovenská kotlina. This last mentioned region is located in multiple precipitation shadow of Carpathians, whereas the precipitation shadow is lower in other regions. Therefore, we suppose, the impact of NAO is strongly influenced by barrier effect of Carpathian Mountains. It can also be expected the important impact of Mediterranean oscillation in the last mentioned regions. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The article was prepared with the support of grant VEGA 1/1155/12.

  14. Determination of soil degradation from flooding for estimating ecosystem services in Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hlavcova, Kamila; Szolgay, Jan; Karabova, Beata; Kohnova, Silvia

    2015-04-01

    Floods as natural hazards are related to soil health, land-use and land management. They not only represent threats on their own, but can also be triggered, controlled and amplified by interactions with other soil threats and soil degradation processes. Among the many direct impacts of flooding on soil health, including soil texture, structure, changes in the soil's chemical properties, deterioration of soil aggregation and water holding capacity, etc., are soil erosion, mudflows, depositions of sediment and debris. Flooding is initiated by a combination of predispositive and triggering factors and apart from climate drivers it is related to the physiographic conditions of the land, state of the soil, land use and land management. Due to the diversity and complexity of their potential interactions, diverse methodologies and approaches are needed for describing a particular type of event in a specific environment, especially in ungauged sites. In engineering studies and also in many rainfall-runoff models, the SCS-CN method has remained widely applied for soil and land use-based estimations of direct runoff and flooding potential. The SCS-CN method is an empirical rainfall-runoff model developed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (formerly called the Soil Conservation Service or SCS). The runoff curve number (CN) is based on the hydrological soil characteristics, land use, land management and antecedent saturation conditions of soil. Since the method and curve numbers were derived on the basis of an empirical analysis of rainfall-runoff events from small catchments and hillslope plots monitored by the USDA, the use of the method for the conditions of Slovakia raises uncertainty and can cause inaccurate results in determining direct runoff. The objective of the study presented (also within the framework of the EU-FP7 RECARE Project) was to develop the SCS - CN methodology for the flood conditions in Slovakia (and especially for the RECARE pilot site of Myjava), with an emphasis on the determination of soil degradation from flooding for estimating ecosystem services. The parameters of the SCS-CN methodology were regionalised empirically based on actual rainfall and discharge measurements. Since there has been no appropriate methodology provided for the regionalisation of SCS-CN method parameters in Slovakia, such as runoff curve numbers and initial abstraction coefficients (?), the work presented is important for the correct application of the SCS-CN method in our conditions.

  15. Seroreactivity to Dirofilaria antigens in people from different areas of Serbia

    PubMed Central

    2014-01-01

    Background The Northern part of Serbia is hyperendemic-endemic for canine dirofilarioses. Considering this fact, many human dirofilarial infections could be expected, however only about 30 cases in Serbia have been described until today. Aims of this survey were to assess the people reactivity to the antigens of D. repens and D. immitis and to identify risk factors for the contact exposure. Methods Investigation included sera taken from 297 people (179 women and 118 men) living in different areas of Serbia (Pan?evo, Novi Sad, Zaje?ar, Leskovac, Vranje, Niš, Pirot). Sera were analysed by means of two indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent (ELISA) home-designed that use as antigens adult somatic/metabolic polyproteins of D. repens (DR) and D. immitis (DI), respectively. The results were elaborated using the statistical method of descriptive and quantitative analysis. Results Significant differences by area in the reactivity of human sera to dirofilarial antigens were not observed (p?=?0.056). A high seroreactivity was demonstrated in people from the towns of northern Serbia (Pan?evo?=?27,1%; Novi Sad?=?16,3%), as well as in people from Zaje?ar (eastern Serbia?=?15,8%) and Vranje (southern Serbia?=?15,1%). No differences were evidenced between people reactivity to polyproteins of the two dirofilarial species, nor differences related to the gender of examinees. Factor risks evidenced were: i) place of residence; ii) spending work time outdoors during the mosquito season; iii) spending time outdoors and nearby rivers, lakes, swamps or canals; unespectedly, iv) cat owning. Conclusion The findings emerging from this investigation indicate that clinicians and public health authorities should pay greater attention to this zoonosis. Continuing education and training of physicians will greatly contribute to the knowledge of the actual impact of filarial worms on animal and public health, and allow for the planning of suitable measures to prevent the infections. PMID:24507413

  16. Case study: A severe hailstorm and strong downbursts over northeastern Slovenia on June 16th 2009

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Korosec, M.

    2009-09-01

    Introduction A strong isolated storm complex with bow echo feature crossed northeastern Slovenia in the late afternoon hours and caused extensive damage due to severe wind gusts near 30m/s, excessive rainfalls and large hail. Synoptic situation On June 16th 2009, an upper-level ridge persists over southern Europe while a positively tilted short-wave trough, connected to a complex deep trough over northern Europe, crosses central Europe. Accompanied by this trough, a cold front is extending southwestwards towards the Alps. A relatively strong jet steak wraps around the trough axis and creates strong shear environment which overlaps with a narrow band of unstable airmass present ahead of the coming frontal boundary. Behind this trough/front over central Europe, a high pressure area is developing with stable conditions. Over Slovenia, strong surface heating was on going through the day but lack of near-surface convergence zones, limited moisture and strong capping inversion surpressed any storm initiation in the afternoon. Presentation of research This case study will go through a research of damaging bow echo which caused extensive damage due to severe winds, excessive rainfalls and large hail over much of northeastern Slovenia. Numerous trees were down or uprooted and numerous roofs were blown off or were seriously damaged due to severe wind gusts near or exceeding 30m/s. At first stages, when an isolated severe storm entered Slovenia, it had classic high precipitation supercell features while it transformed into a powerful bow echo later on. Very large hail up to 6cm in diameter was first observed in southeast Austria and near the border with Slovenia, while later on the main threat was very strong wind gusts and intense rainfalls. This research paper will show a detailed analysis of the synoptic situation including analysis of satellite, radar and surface observations. Radar imagery clearly showed isolated storm trailing along the near-surface frontal boundary as a bow echo and also satellite imagery showed signs of extremely severe storm as overshooting tops, "cold ring" and "U-shape" features were observed. References - Skywarn Austria forum: (http://www.skywarn.at/forum/) - EARS radar and SFC observations archive (http://www.arso.gov.si) - EARS article: Porocilo o neurjih 16. junija 2009 - OSMER FVG (http://www.meteo.fvg.it) - ESSL/ESWD database (www.essl.org) - ESTOFEX convective maps (www.estofex.org) - EUMETSAT satellite imagery (www.eumetsat.int) - 24ur.com/RTVSLO web portal (www.24ur.com, www.rtvslo.si) - Sobota Info web portal (www.sobotainfo.com) - Pomurje web portal (www.pomurje.si) - Administration of the Republic of Slovenia for Civil Protection and Disaster Relief, www.sos112.si - Worldwide Skew-t diagrams (http://weather.uwyo.edu/upperair/europe.html)

  17. Emergency medicine in Slovenia--emergency center, prehospital emergency medicine and academic emergency medicine.

    PubMed

    Grmec, Stefek; Mally, Stefan

    2009-01-01

    Public health service is organized in such a manner so as to ensure all the inhabitants of the Republic of Slovenia the emergency medical assistance available at all times, including emergency transport and provision of emergency medicinal products as soon as possible and as close to the date of their manufacture as possible and during transport. Emergency medical assistance means the implementation of necessary measures by doctors and their teams with persons whose life is imminently threatened due to illness or injury and persons, respectively, who could be affected by such a risk in a short period of time according to the symptoms. Emergency calls are received and processed by the emergency medical assistance service which forms an integral part of the public health service network. Emergency patients with life-threatening trauma or disease are treated by prehospital emergency physicians at the scene and during transport. Emergency patients are guaranteed to be reached by an appropriate emergency vehicle and a respective crew within 10 minutes in 80% of the responses and within 15 minutes in 95% of cases. In Slovenia was established 30 years ago the so-called Franco-German system, with a highly developed pre-hospital emergency physician service and interdisciplinary hospital-based emergency medicine on different departments (trauma center, department for internal intensiv medicine, department of ananstesiology, department for neurology and pediatrics department (1). This gap is now closing fast because of the rapid advancement of hospital-based emergency medicine in Slovenia. In-hospital emergency medicine has been reorganized in many hospitals during the last few years. Economic and quality arguments have initiated the development of departments for emergency medicine in Slovenia. In the future, this will lead to new qualification criteria for physicians working in these departments. Four specific recommendations for development and organizations emergency medicine are required: the recognition as a specialty, the specialist training programme, the professional organization of emergency physicians and the presence of academic emergency centres (2). Slovenia is one of the 11 European countries who recognize hospital-based emergency medicine as a specialty (3, 4). This is 5-year specialty training (based on European curriculum) and the curriculum follows a symptom-oriented approach to emergency medicine, and includes a skilled description of the key competencies of the future trained emergency physicians (4). Slovenia has very well organised prehospital on-physician based emergency service and new qualification criteria for those physicians in emergency departments, therefore, need to be developed with primary education trainers for emergency medicine. In the model of integration of prehospital and hospital emergency medicine in academic emergency centers, emergency physicians work equal in ED and in the field on the method of rotation without changes of actual prehospital on-physicians based EMS.The integrative model have one in-door for emergency patients, mobility ofprehospital emergency physicians, a nurse-driven triage system and support of primary care physicians as gatekeepers. PMID:23120863

  18. Maternal and cord serum exposure to PCB and DDE methyl sulfone metabolites in eastern Slovakia

    PubMed Central

    Linderholm, Linda; Park, June-Soo; Kocan, Anton; Trnovec, Tomas; Athanasiadou, Maria; Bergman, Ĺke; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva

    2009-01-01

    Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) were commercially produced between 1959 and 1984 in eastern Slovakia. Improper handling led to a highly contaminated local environment and high levels of PCBs in humans and wildlife in the Michalovce area. The aim of this study was to analyse serum for methylsulfonyl metabolites of PCB (MeSO2-PCBs) and DDE (3-MeSO2-DDE) in serum samples from pregnant women and in a selected number of paired cord blood samples to assess maternal sulfone levels and patterns, and transplacental transfer of these metabolites. The donating women were from two districts in eastern Slovakia. A liquid-liquid extraction method together with separation of substance groups and further clean up on silica gel columns were applied prior to analysis by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. 3-MeSO2-DDE was the major methyl sulfone in most of the samples followed by a yet not identified MeSO2-hexaCB, 4?-MeSO2-CB101, 4?-MeSO2-CB87 and 4-MeSO2-CB149. The women from the contaminated area had three times higher concentrations of the MeSO2-PCBs than women from the reference area. This is the first report on methyl sulfone metabolites of PCB and DDE in human cord serum. It is shown that these metabolites are transported through the placenta. The levels of MeSO2-PCBs in the maternal serum were about 1.5 times higher than in the corresponding cord serum on a lipid weight basis. For 3-MeSO2-DDE, the levels were about the same in maternal and cord serum. The difference in the maternal:cord ratio, comparing MeSO2-PCBs with 3-MeSO2-DDE might be due to differences in transport through the placenta caused by their different affinities for lipoproteins and plasma proteins. PMID:17574648

  19. Application of kriging meteode the example Krupanj municipality, Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Perovic, Veljko; Jaramaz, Darko; Saljnikov, Elmira; Cakmak, Dragan; Zivotic, Ljubomir; Mrvic, Vesna; Kostic-Kravljanac, Ljiljana

    2010-05-01

    Application of kriging meteode the example Krupanj municipality, Serbia 1Veljko Perovic, 1Darko Jaramaz, 1Elmira Saljnikov, 1Dragan Cakmak, 2Ljubomir Zivotic, 1Vesna Mrvic, 1Ljiljana Kostic - Kravljanac 1 Institute of Soil Science, Belgrade 2 Faculty of Agriculture, Belgrade keywords: kriging, geostatistics, layers The basic idea of geostatistics is the use of spatial coorelation under the spatial property which is analysed in order to improve its spatial interpolation. There is number of geostatistical methods for the interpolation of the spatial data. In the paper using of Kriging method, which belongs to the often used geostatistical techniques in cartography is discussed. Kriging as a method contains a number of techniques, such as: simple kriging, ordinary kriging, indicator kriging, universal kriging and disjunctive kriging. Kriging estimation is based on the use of data from the control points, which are assigned to the corresponding coefficients. Control points actually represent sampling sites with their characteristics. Area was explored us Krupanj, located in the western part of Serbia. Krupanj lies at 44 ° 21 '34 " latitude and 19 ° 21' 26" longitude. The area of 342 km2 was rfesearched where 800 samples of surface soil were taken for further analysis. The data obtained were proceeded to thematic maps (pH in nKCl, K2O, P2O5, and humus). During data processing we used the ArcGIS program and its extension Geostatistical Analyst. In a given extension the ordinary kriging with irregular arrangement of points was used. The technique of ordinary kriging assumes that the local mean value is not close or equal to the mean value of total nimber of sampling points. The estimation was made only based on the nearest sampling points. After the completion of the assessment in the selected grid, the determination of the predicted and actual error estimates, which convirms the reliability estimates and the spatial quality of the selected model was computed using the algotithm. Assessment must be impartial and made so that the variance of the difference between actual and estimated values in selected points of the smallest possible. The obtained two-dimensional maps created from the data of measuring points may overlap and analyzed with any other layer in a GIS environment, covering the investigated area. Furthermore, in a very simple manner, an existing map can be classified to the optimal number of classes depending on the desired level of separation of individual characteristics. Kriging is the optimal method of interpolation because it provides the best estimate of the unchanged values of parameter in analysed point, where interpolated values correspond to the values of parameters in the points with the performed measurements. The advantage of kriging method was allowed estimation of variance for each sampling location that is displayed on maps or diagrams with kriging errors reliability estimates. In pedologic heterogeneous region, kriging analysis can help identify causes of change and planning of optimal sampling schemes for the required degree of reliability of these estimates. Therefore this method can be recommended for assessment and mapping of unsampled regions.

  20. DRIHM Project: Floods in Serbia in May 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ivkovic, Marija; Dimitrijevic, Vladimir; Dekic, Ljiljana; Mihalovic, Ana; Pejanovic, Goran

    2015-04-01

    The central parts of Balkans were affected with very deep cyclone named "Tamara" form 13th until 16th of May. Stations in western parts of Serbia recorded precipitation four times greater than average precipitation sums. Two third of that amount has felt in three days. Devastating floods occurred on Sava, Kolubara and Jadar river basins causing damage of 1.7 billion Euros, and loss of 24 human lives. Three days before the event, a first warning was issued pointing that the precipitation amounts will exceed 40 mm of rain for 12 hours, accompanied with the hydrological information that the water level on Sava and Kolubara rivers will significantly rise. Within the DRIHM project and its e-infrastructure it was possible to test a combination of different Numerical Weather Prediction models together with stochastic downscaling algorithms to enable the production of more effective quantitative rainfall predictions for this severe meteorological event. Hydrometeorological models in DRIHM are building blocks that can be easily linked together in a form of hydrometeorological chain. For this case the HBV model, distributed hydrological model, was used as the hydrological component in the model chain and RainFARM as stochastic downscaling tool. Results obtained with these models are shown and compared with Hyprom, one of the hydrological models also used in RHMSS with the aim of scoping the current capabilities for the early warning of the extreme events. The information where and when the High Impact Weather Event (HIWE) can occur is very important for the proper overview of the possible overall influence. Different precipitation distribution both in space and in time is allowing us to estimate the future state of the system but also to see the range of the possible outcomes.

  1. Late Pleistocene voles (Arvicolinae, Rodentia) from the Baranica Cave (Serbia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bogi?evi?, Katarina; Nenadi?, Draženko; Mihailovi?, Dušan

    2012-02-01

    Baranica is a cave system situated in the south-eastern part of Serbia, four kilometers south to Knjaževac, on the right bank of the Trgovi\\vski Timok. The investigations in Baranica were conducted from 1994 to 1997 by the Faculty of Philosophy from Belgrade and the National Museum of Knjaževac. Four geological layers of Quaternary age were recovered. The abundance of remains of both large and small mammals was noticed in the early phase of the research. In this paper, the remains of eight vole species are described: Arvicola terrestris (Linnaeus, 1758), Chionomys nivalis (Martins, 1842), Microtus (Microtus) arvalis (Pallas, 1778) and Microtus (Microtus) agrestis (Linnaeus, 1761), Microtus (Stenocranius) gregalis (Pallas, 1779), Microtus (Terricola) subterraneus (de Sélys-Longchamps, 1836), Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreber, 1780) and Lagurus lagurus (Pallas, 1773). Among them, steppe and open area inhabitants prevail. Based on the evolutionary level and dimensions of the Arvicola terrestris molars, as well as the overall characteristics of the fauna, it was concluded that the deposits were formed in the last glacial period of the Late Pleistocene. These conclusions are rather consistent with the absolute dating of large mammal bones (23.520 ą 110 B.P. for Layer 2 and 35.780 ą 320 B.P. for Layer 4).

  2. Health impact assessment of agriculture and food policies: lessons learnt from the Republic of Slovenia.

    PubMed Central

    Lock, Karen; Gabrijelcic-Blenkus, Mojca; Martuzzi, Marco; Otorepec, Peter; Wallace, Paul; Dora, Carlos; Robertson, Aileen; Zakotnic, Jozica Maucec

    2003-01-01

    The most important public health priority in agricultural policy-making is currently food safety, despite the relatively higher importance of food security, nutrition, and other agricultural-related health issues in terms of global burden of disease. There is limited experience worldwide of using health impact assessment (HIA) during the development of agriculture and food policies, which perhaps reflects the complex nature of this policy sector. This paper presents methods of HIA used in the Republic of Slovenia, which is conducting a HIA of proposed agricultural and food policies due to its accession to the European Union. It is the first time that any government has attempted to assess the health effects of agricultural policy at a national level. The HIA has basically followed a six-stage process: policy analysis; rapid appraisal workshops with stakeholders from a range of backgrounds; review of research evidence relevant to the agricultural policy; analysis of Slovenian data for key health-related indicators; a report on the findings to a key cross-government group; and evaluation. The experience in Slovenia shows that the HIA process has been a useful mechanism for raising broader public health issues on the agricultural policy agenda, and it has already had positive results for policy formation. HIA is one useful approach to more integrated policy-making across sectors, but clearly it is not the only mechanism to achieve this. A comparison of the approach used in Slovenia with HIA methods in other countries and policy contexts shows that there are still many limitations with HIA application at a government level. Lessons can be learnt from these case studies for future development and application of HIA that is more relevant to policy-makers, and assists them in making more healthy policy choices. PMID:12894321

  3. Distribution of lead, cadmium, and zinc in tissues of hens and chickens from Slovenia

    SciTech Connect

    Doganoc, D.Z. [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)] [Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    1996-12-01

    Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) are environmental contaminants which are present in almost all living organisms and are non-essential for plants, animals and human beings. Zinc (Zn) is an essential element which occurs together with Cd and is linked with it. Little information exists about the contamination of tissues of hens and chickens with these elements. The primary aim of this study was to investigate the distribution of lead, cadmium, and zinc in different tissues of poultry and eggs in Slovenia. 10 refs., 7 tabs.

  4. First molecular evidence of Tula hantavirus in Microtus voles in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Korva, Misa; Duh, Darja; Puterle, Ajda; Trilar, Tomi; Zupanc, Tatjana Avsic

    2009-09-01

    Different Microtus species, present in a worldwide range habitat populating North America, Europe, Asia, and few other species have been recognized previously as a hantavirus reservoir. Tula hantavirus was first reported in Microtus arvalis and Microtus rossiaemeridionalis from Central Russia and later discovered in several European countries. Using molecular techniques we have demonstrated the presence of Tula hantavirus in three different Microtus species in Slovenia. Phylogenetic analyses of partial S segment placed Slovenian strains in the same genetic lineage as Austrian and Croatian strains. PMID:19410611

  5. Monitoring West Nile virus (WNV) infection in wild birds in Serbia during 2012: first isolation and characterisation of WNV strains from Serbia.

    PubMed

    Petrovi?, T; Blazquez, A B; Lupulovi?, D; Lazi?, G; Escribano-Romero, E; Fabijan, D; Kapetanov, M; Lazi?, S; Saiz, Jc

    2013-01-01

    West Nile virus (WNV), a neurovirulent mosquito-transmissible zoonotic virus, has caused recent outbreaks in Europe, including Serbia from August until October 2012. Although humans can be infected, birds are the main natural WNV reservoir. To assess WNV circulation in northern Serbia, 133 wild birds were investigated. These comprised resident and migratory birds, collected between January and September 2012 in the Vojvodina province. The birds belonged to 45 species within 27 families. Blood sera (n=92) and pooled tissues from respective birds (n=81) were tested by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), plaque reduction neutralisation test (PRNT) and real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR). WNV antibodies were detected in seven (8%) sera: four from Mute Swans (Cygnus olor), two from White-tailed Eagles (Haliaeetus albicillas), and one from a Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus). Five sera neutralised WNV but not Usutu virus. For the first time in Serbia, WNV RNA was detected by RT-qPCR in pooled tissue samples of eight respective birds. WNV RNA was also derived from an additional bird, after a serum sample resulted infective in cell culture. The total nine WNV RNA positive birds included three Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis), two White-tailed Eagles, one Legged Gull (Larus michahelis), one Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix), one Bearded Parrot-bill (Panarus biramicus), and one Common Pheasant. Phylogenetic analysis of partial E region sequences showed the presence of, at least, two lineage 2 Serbian clusters closely related to those responsible for recent human and animal outbreaks in Greece, Hungary and Italy. Full genomic sequence from a goshawk isolate corroborated this data. These results confirm WNV circulation in Serbia and highlight the risk of infection for humans and horses, pointing to the need for implementing WNV surveillance programmes. PMID:24176657

  6. The impact on civilians of the bombing of Kosovo and Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ulrich Gottstein

    2000-01-01

    Before the 1999 bombing, Kosovo was among the poorest regions in Europe, with low scores on indices of health care. After the war, housing for much of the population is below even basically acceptable standards and health care is disrupted, with serious risk of epidemic diseases. Societal disintegration has led to high levels of stress. In Serbia, also a poor

  7. Spatial and temporal variability of winter and summer precipitation over Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Toši?

    2004-01-01

    Summary The main characteristics of the spatial and temporal variability of winter and summer precipitation observed at 30 stations in Serbia and Montenegro were analysed for the period 1951–2000. The rainfall series were examined spatially by means of Empirical Orthogonal Functions (EOF) and temporally by means of the Mann-Kendall test and spectral analysis. The Alexandersson test was used to detect

  8. The streets of Beograd. Urban space and protest identities in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stef Jansen

    2001-01-01

    Based on ethnographic fieldwork in Serbia, this text explores spatial dimensions of the 1996–1997 protests against the Milosevic regime. It considers the significance of spatial practices of resistance embedded in the urban space of the capital city Beograd, and analyses the relationship between the formation of identities and symbolic practices of protest, by exploring the role of spatial metaphors such

  9. The Serbian Opposition and Civil Society: Roots of the Delayed Transition in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Florian Bieber

    2003-01-01

    The article discusses the reasons for the ten-year delay in the democratic transition in Serbia, focusing in particular on opposition parties and civil society. It argues that the policy of opposition parties was partly responsible for the failure of an earlier fall of the Miloševic regime. While civil society has been similarly weak and divided, the article details how a

  10. Radon survey in the high natural radiation region of Niška Banja, Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. S. Žunic; I. V. Yarmoshenko; A. Birovljev; F. Bochicchio; M. Quarto; B. Obryk; M. Paszkowski; I. ?elikovi?; A. Demajo; P. Uji?; M. Budzanowski; P. Olko; J. P. McLaughlin; M. P. R. Waligorski

    2007-01-01

    A radon survey has been carried out around the town of Niška Banja (Serbia) in a region partly located over travertine formations, showing an enhanced level of natural radioactivity. Outdoor and indoor radon concentrations were measured seasonally over the whole year, using CR-39 diffusion type radon detectors. Outdoor measurements were performed at 56 points distributed over both travertine and alluvium

  11. Phylogeographic study of brown trout from Serbia, based on mitochondrial DNA control region analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Saša Mari?; Simona Sušnik; Predrag Simonovi?; Aleš Snoj

    2006-01-01

    In order to illuminate the phylogeography of brown trout (Salmo trutta) populations in the Balkan state of Serbia, the 561 bp 5'-end of mtDNA control region of 101 individuals originating from upland tributaries of the Danubian, Aegean and Adriatic drainages were sequenced and compared to corresponding brown trout sequences obtained in previous studies. Among 15 haplotypes found, 14 were considered

  12. An ethnobotanical study on the usage of wild medicinal herbs from Kopaonik Mountain (Central Serbia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Snežana Jari?; Zorica Popovi?; Marina Ma?ukanovi?-Joci?; Lola Djurdjevi?; Miroslava Mijatovi?; Branko Karadži?; Miroslava Mitrovi?; Pavle Pavlovi?

    2007-01-01

    An ethnobotanical survey was carried out on the territory of the highest mountain in Central Serbia, Kopaonik, which is characterized by great plant diversity. In total, 83 wild species from 41 families and 96 preparations for use in human therapy were recorded. Among those wild plants which are most commonly used for medicinal purposes, Hypericum perforatum L., Urtica dioica L.,

  13. Barriers to cervical cancer screening: A qualitative study with women in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milica Markovic; Vesna Kesic; Lidija Topic; Bojana Matejic

    2005-01-01

    Serbia employs opportunistic approaches to cervical cancer screening, leading to inequitable health care access. To better understand the health care needs of women, we investigated their knowledge of and perceived barriers to cervical cancer screening. Data reported in the paper arise from nine focus group discussions with 62 women from diverse socio-economic backgrounds. They were recruited in two cities with

  14. Photovoltaic electricity production of a grid-connected urban house in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milorad Boji?; Mirko Blagojevi?

    2006-01-01

    A technically attractive solution for sustainable present and future is to integrate photovoltaic (PV) panels into building fabric of urban houses as an alternative to grid electricity, however, in Serbia this technology is rarely applied. To contribute to sustainability and create success conditions for renewable energy sources (RES) applications due its wish to join EU, Serbian government currently integrated RES

  15. Phytochemical analysis and genetic characterization of six Hypericum species from Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrija Smelcerovic; Vijeshwar Verma; Michael Spiteller; Syed Mudasir Ahmad; Satish Chander Puri; Ghulam Nabi Qazi

    2006-01-01

    The secondary metabolite contents and genetic profiles of six Hypericum species (H. barbatum Jacq., H. hirsutum L., H. linarioides Bosse, H. maculatum Crantz, H. rumeliacum Boiss. and H. tetrapterum Fries), collected from different locations in Serbia, have been analyzed. Methanol extracts of the aerial parts of the plants were obtained by accelerated solvent extraction (ASE) at 40°C and 100bar, and

  16. Toxic and essential elements in soft wheat grain cultivated in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Biljana Škrbi?; Svetlana ?upi?

    2005-01-01

    A survey was carried out with the aim of assessing the level of some toxic (Cd, Pb, Hg and As) and essential (Cu, Zn, Fe and Mn) elements in wheat grown in Serbia. A total of 433 samples of soft winter wheat grain from all the Serbian wheat-growing regions were pooled into 52 representative samples for 2002 harvest. After wet

  17. Parasitoid complex of Phyllonorycter robiniella (Clemens, 1859) (Lepidoptera, Gracillariidae) in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aleksandar Stojanovi?; ?edomir Markovi?

    2005-01-01

    In a study of the parasitoid complex of the locust leaf miner Phyllonorycter robiniella (Clemens, 1859), 23 species of its parasitoids were recorded at 18 localities in Serbia. The parasitoid species included 2 species of the family Braconidae, 1 of the family Eupelmidae, and 20 of the family Eulophidae. The recorded species of parasitoids are polyphagous; in addition to Ph.

  18. Essential oil composition of Hypericum L. species from Southeastern Serbia and their chemotaxonomy

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Andrija Smelcerovic; Michael Spiteller; Axel Patrick Ligon; Zaklina Smelcerovic; Nils Raabe

    2007-01-01

    The essential oils of the aerial parts of nine species of Hypericum (Hypericum barbatum, Hypericum hirsutum, Hypericum linarioides, Hypericum maculatum, Hypericum olympicum, Hypericum perforatum, Hypericum richeri, Hypericum rumeliacum and Hypericum tetrapterum), collected from different locations in Southeast Serbia, were obtained by steam distillation and analyzed by GC and GC–MS. The essential oils investigated were characterized by a high content of

  19. Evaluation of the impact of internal partitions on energy conservation for residential buildings in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milorad Boji?; Milan Despotovi?; Jovan Maleševi?; Dušan Sokovi?

    2007-01-01

    In Serbia, around 50% of energy is used in built environment and most of it for 6-month heating in residential buildings. Because of actual international efforts to protect environment, energy conservation in heating in residential buildings is an issue of permanent research interest. In this paper, we tried to determine how type of partitions inside a residential building influences energy

  20. ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Argentina 2 35 Jordan 9 69 Serbia 2

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    ENROLLED WSU INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS 1 Argentina 2 35 Jordan 9 69 Serbia 2 2 Armenia 1 36 Kenya 4 70 snapshot Washington State University INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Spring 2011 International Student Statistics ...................................................................... Intensive American Language Center (Sp1) F-1 Optional Practical Training VISA TYPE #12;

  1. Monitoring of the Roundup Ready soybean in the Vojvodina province in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zorica Nikoli?; Ksenija Taški-Ajdukovi?; Mladen Tati?; Svetlana Baleševi?-Tubi?

    2009-01-01

    The Vojvodina province is the most important agricultural area of the Republic of Serbia and is its largest soybean producer. Serbian low forbids the introduction of genetically modified organisms (GMO) into the environment and demands labeling of food containing more than 0.9% GMO. This aim of this study is to monitor the Roundup Ready (RR) soybean in fields and in

  2. Knowledge, Acknowledgement and Denial in Serbia's Responses to the Srebrenica Massacre

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jelena Obradovic-Wochnik

    2009-01-01

    This article considers some post-Milosevic Serbian responses to the Srebrenica massacre. The focus is on responses which contain strategies of denial or which broadly attempt to explain or justify the massacre without engaging critically with the atrocity itself. These responses are by no means uniform, nor are they the only ones which are available in Serbia. They provide the focus

  3. Freshwater Cyanobacterial Blooms and Primary Liver Cancer Epidemiological Studies in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    ZORICA SVIR?EV; SVETISLAV KRSTI?; MARICA MILADINOV-MIKOV; VLADIMIR BALTI?; MILKA VIDOVI?

    2009-01-01

    A large part of Central Serbia experiences continual shortage of sufficient ground water resources. For that reason, more than 20 reservoirs serve as drinking water suppliers. Significant and persistent cyanobacterial “blooms” have been recognized in nine of them. Samples for cyanotoxin analyses were taken during and after “blooms” in ?elije Reservoir and from Kruševac town-supplied tap water from that reservoir

  4. Torrent floodplain mapping and torrent flood control in Serbia in the conditions of economic crisis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Z. Gavrilovic; M. Stefanovic

    2009-01-01

    Serbia is a country that is endangered by flooding of the largest European river, the Danube and its largest tributaries, as well as by countless torrents. During the 19th and 20th centuries, an imposing scope of protection structures was constructed. The existence of the protection system created the conviction that flood protection was achieved and that it should only be

  5. THE ROLE OF REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS IN IMPROVING THE LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR PRIVATE BUSINESS IN SERBIA

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Scott H. Jacobs

    2001-01-01

    Summary: Comprehensive, market-oriented legal reforms are essential to Serbia's economic recovery. Although the pace of future Serbian economic growth depends primarily on private sector performance, the current legal environment is hostile to the investment and growth of private firms. One of the most important capacities of a market regulator is the ability to assess the market impacts of a regulation

  6. Landslide hazard assessment on the northern slopes of Fru\\\\vska Gora Mountain (Vojvodina, Serbia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Mészáros; S. B. Markovic; L. Mucsi; J. Szatmári; D. Pavic

    2009-01-01

    Fru\\\\vska gora is a low (539 m) mountain surrounded by plains on the southern rim of the Pannonian Basin, situated between two large urban areas in Serbia and an important regional and local transport routes. The Danube flows along entire length of the northern and eastern side of the mountain (more than 80 km), permanently eroding the base of Quaternary

  7. The Impact of Leadership on the Communication Satisfaction of Primary School Teachers in Serbia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Terek, Edit; Glušac, Dragana; Nikolic, Milan; Tasic, Ivan; Gligorovic, Bojana

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents the results of research into the effects of leadership on the communication satisfaction of teachers. The data was obtained by giving questionnaires to 362 teachers from 57 primary schools in Serbia. Leadership is shown to have a strong and positive impact on the communication satisfaction of teachers in Serbian primary…

  8. Four new troglobiotic species of the genus Megalothorax Willem, 1900 (Collembola: Neelipleona) from the Carpathian Mountains (Slovakia, Romania).

    PubMed

    Papá?, Vladimír; Ková?, Lubomír

    2013-01-01

    Four new species of Megalothorax Willem, 1900 are described and illustrated: M. tatrensis sp. nov., M. carpaticus sp. nov., M. hipmani sp. nov. from caves in Slovakia and M. draco sp. nov. from the Dr?coaia Cave in western Romania. The species represent troglobiotic forms exhibiting different level of troglomorphy involving such features as larger body, elongated foot complex, antennae, mucro and body chaetae. The most pronounced troglomorphy is observed in M. hipmani sp. nov. and M. draco sp. nov. Species descriptions are completed with comparative tables of chaetotaxy of antennae and legs. Diagnostic table for all congeners and dichotomous identification key to the world species are provided. Distribution records of other Megalothorax species in Slovakia are added. PMID:25112769

  9. The vegetation of metalliferous and non-metalliferous grasslands in two former mine regions in Central Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Viera Banásová; Othmar Horak; Milada ?iamporová; Miriam Nadubinská; Irene Lichtscheidl

    2006-01-01

    We investigated the composition of the vegetation in two former mining regions in Central Slovakia: Banská Štiavnica with\\u000a predominant Pb-Zn contamination and Staré Hory with a very high Cu content in the soil. Old heaps rich in heavy metals are\\u000a covered with specific vegetation. On the Cu-rich spoil heaps, species-poor plant communities with prevailing Agrostis stolonifera, Avenella flexuosa, Acetosella vulgaris,

  10. The occurrence and dynamics of polychlorinated hydrocarbons in brown hare (Lepus europaeus) in south-western Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jaroslav Slamecka; Marcela Capcarova; Rastislav Jurcik; Adriana Kolesarova; Lubomir Ondruska; Jozef Gasparik; Norbert Lukac; Dusan Mertin

    2012-01-01

    This study aimed at obtaining the data on the occurrence, levels and correlations of organic pollutants present in game animals (n = 75, Brown hare, Lepus europaeus Pall.) in the region of south-western Slovakia. The analyses performed included dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), hexachlorobenzen (HCB), alpha- and beta hexachlorocyclohexane (?+?-HCH), gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane (?-HCH), and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB-delor, commercial mixture of PCB congeners). A gas

  11. The role of consumer ethnocentrism in a buy national campaign in a transitioning country : Some evidence from Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kojo Saffu; John H. Walker; Marica Mazurek

    2010-01-01

    Purpose – The goal of this paper is to examine the link between consumer ethnocentrism (CE) and the attitudes of two consumer groups to a buy local campaign in a transitioning economy, Slovakia. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected from 211 non-students at shopping malls in Banská Bystrica (non-student group) and from 209 students at the University

  12. Characterisation of invasive Haemophilus influenzae isolates in Slovenia, 1993-2008.

    PubMed

    Kastrin, T; Paragi, M; Kolman, J; Cizman, M; Kraigher, A; Gubina, M

    2010-06-01

    The objectives of our study were to describe the epidemiology of invasive Haemophilus influenzae disease from 1993 to 2008 in Slovenia, a country with routine H. influenzae serotype b (Hib) conjugate vaccination since the year 2000. A total of 292 isolates of H. influenzae, recovered from a normally sterile site, were collected in the study period. The isolates were serotyped by slide agglutination and antibiotic susceptibility was determined. One hundred and eight isolates received after the year 2000 were serotyped by slide agglutination and by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) capsule typing, and both methods were compared. After the introduction of the routine Hib vaccination, the incidence of H. influenzae disease in children under the age of 5 years has decreased by 87.6% and type b was replaced by non-typeable H. influenzae as the predominant serotype. The proportion of serotype b decreased from 85.3% in the pre-vaccination period to 13.0% in the vaccination period and the proportion of non-capsulated isolates increased from 12.0 to 85.2%. The study of genetic relatedness by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) demonstrated that the isolates of serotypes b and f were genetically homogeneous within the serotype. The results of our national surveillance showed that the vaccine has been very efficient in preventing Hib invasive disease in Slovenia. Nevertheless, we see a need for further monitoring of invasive H. influenzae infections at a national level. PMID:20306323

  13. Influence of climatic factors on dynamics of questing Ixodes ricinus ticks in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Knap, Natasa; Durmisi, Emina; Saksida, Ana; Korva, Misa; Petrovec, Miroslav; Avsic-Zupanc, Tatjana

    2009-10-14

    Ixodes ricinus is a vector of pathogens that cause many diseases in Europe and Slovenia: tick-borne encephalitis (TBE), anaplasmosis, borreliosis, babesiosis and others. The risk for contracting these diseases depends strongly on the density of the infected questing ticks and many studies have investigated tick population dynamics and the parameters affecting them. They have shown a clear influence of climatic and landscape arrangements in the microhabitat on tick abundance and dynamics and therefore on transmission of pathogens important in human and veterinary medicine. In our study we assessed the influence of climatic factors on questing activity of ticks over a three-year period at 7 locations in Slovenia. Locations were selected in endemic foci of TBE with different intensity, which were identified according to the presence of human disease. Sites differ according to various abiotic and biotic factors, such as climate, amount of rain, height above sea level, vegetation and wildlife. All three stages of ticks were collected monthly over a three-year period (2005-2007). Temperature, humidity and precipitation data were collected for these years. The purpose of our study was to relate observed differences in I. ricinus ticks questing activity to local climate. We found a correlation between the decrease of questing ticks in the summer and the combination of air temperatures and humidity in the form of saturation deficit. PMID:19560275

  14. Isotopic variations in precipitation in Slovenia and Croatia - basic data for catchment studies

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vreca, P.; Krajcar Bronic, I.; Horvatincic, N.

    2003-04-01

    Precipitation is of major interest in the hydrologic cycle as it is the ultimate source of water to catchments. The terrestrial portion of the hydrologic cycle begins when the precipitation reaches the ground. Therefore, the understanding of the formation of precipitation, as well as knowledge of temporal and spatial variations in the amount and mode of precipitation are important for basin-wide water balance studies. Similarly, understanding how isotopic composition (18O, 2H and 3H content) is controlled by the formation of precipitation, and knowledge of the temporal and spatial variations in isotopic ratios of precipitation are equally important. Within the Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation (GNIP) organized by IAEA and WMO monitoring of isotopic composition of monthly precipitation that includes measurements of stable isotopes (18O, 2H) and radioactive isotope (3H) is performed in Ljubljana (Slovenia) and Zagreb (Croatia) since 1981 and 1976, respectively. Within the IAEA Co-ordinated Research Program Isotopic Composition of Precipitation in the Mediterranean Basin in Relation to Air Circulation Patterns and Climate the network has been extended since October 2000 to several stations along the Adriatic coast (2 in Slovenia, 5 in Croatia). In this work we will present long-term records of monthly isotopic composition for Ljubljana and Zagreb, as well as 2-year long records for other stations along the Adriatic coast together with meteorological data (precipitation amount, air temperature).

  15. The Effects of Nutrition Education on 6th Graders Knowledge of Nutrition in Nine-Year Primary Schools in Slovenia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kostanjevec, Stojan; Jerman, Janez; Koch, Verena

    2011-01-01

    Incorporating nutrition topics in the primary school curricula should support the acquisition of nutrition knowledge in different ways and indirectly the development of healthy eating habits in children and teenagers. In Slovenia, nutrition education is part of all primary school education levels and may take the form of compulsory and/or elective…

  16. Comparative Analysis of Musical Abilities of 11-Year-Olds from Slovenia and the Island of Martinique

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Jerman, Janez; Pretnar, Tatjana

    2006-01-01

    The focus of the study is the comparison between the musical abilities of 11-year-old children on the island of Martinique and in Slovenia, and finding out to what extent their development of musical abilities is influenced by musical and cultural family background, music school attendance, choral singing and playing orchestral instruments. Our…

  17. Heart surgeon Miro Košak (1919-2010) and his contribution to the development of cardiovascular surgery in slovenia.

    PubMed

    Zupanic Slavec, Zvonka; Slavec, Ksenija

    2011-01-01

    Heart surgeon Miro Košak was a pioneer of modern cardiovascular surgery in Slovenia; in 1958, he performed the first open-heart surgery with extracorporeal circulation, in 1965, the first implantation of heart valve and pacemaker, and in 1971, the first bypass on coronary arteries. He also paved the way for heart transplantations that followed. PMID:22047488

  18. Long-term variability and changes in thunderstorm induced extreme precipitation in Slovakia over 1951-2010

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pecho, J.; Faško, P.; Bližák, V.; Kajaba, P.; Košálová, J.; Bochní?ek, O.; Lešková, L.

    2012-04-01

    It is well known that extreme precipitation associated with intensive rains, in summer induced mostly by local thunderstorm activity, could cause very significant problems in economical and social spheres of the countries. Heavy precipitation and consecutive flash-floods are the most serious weather-related hazards over the territory of Slovakia. The extreme precipitation analyses play a strategic role in many climatological and hydrological evaluations designed for the wide range of technical and engineering applications as well as climate change impact assessments. A thunderstorm, as a violent local storm produced by a cumulonimbus cloud and accompanied by thunder and lightning, represents extreme convective activity in the atmosphere depending upon the release of latent heat, by the condensation of water vapor, for most of its energy. Under the natural conditions of Slovakia the incidence of thunderstorms has been traditionally concentrated in the summer or warm half-year (Apr.-Sept.), but increasing air temperature resulting in higher water vapor content and more intense short-term precipitation is associated with more frequent thunderstorm occurrence in early spring as well as autumn. It is the main reason why the studies of thunderstorm phenomena have increased in Slovakia in recent years. It was found that thunderstorm occurrence, in terms of incidence of storm days, has profoundly changed particularly in spring season (~ 30 % in April and May). The present contribution is devoted to verifying the hypothesis that recently the precipitation has been more intense and significant shifts in seasonal incidence have occurred in particular regions in Slovakia. On the basis of the 60-year (1951-2010) meteorological observation series obtained from more than 20 synoptic stations, the analysis of trends and long-term variability of the days with thunderstorms and the accompanying precipitation for seasons was undertaken. Contribution also attempts to explain the main causes of the thunderstorm as well as extreme precipitation variability. Furthermore, differentiation of daily sums of precipitation for the days with thunderstorms, their long-term variability and probability of occurrence is also presented. Key words: thunderstorm occurrence, trend analysis, extreme precipitation, day with thunderstorm, climate change, climate variability, Slovakia

  19. Magmatism and metallogeny of the Ridanj-Krepoljin belt (eastern Serbia) and their correlation with northern and eastern analogues

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Karamata; V. Kneževi?; Z. Pécskay; M. Djordjevic

    1997-01-01

    In the southwestern Carpathians of SW Romania and E Serbia calc-alkaline Upper Cretaceous-Paleogene subduction related magmatic\\u000a rocks occur in two main zones. The Ridanj-Krepoljin belt (E Serbia) represents the southern part of the western zone. In this\\u000a belt Early Maastrichtian dacites and subordinate andesites occur, but there are indications of an unexposed granodioritic\\u000a (?) magmatism about 60 Ma old. Pb-Zn-Ag

  20. Roles of stolbur phytoplasma and Reptalus panzeri (Cixiinae, Auchenorrhyncha) in the epidemiology of Maize redness in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    J. Jovi?; T. Cvrkovic ´; M. Mitrovi?; S. Krnjajic ´; Margaret G. Redinbaugh; R. C. Pratt; R. E. Gingery; S. A. Hogenhout; I. Toševski

    2007-01-01

    Maize redness (MR), a disease causing midrib, leaf and stalk reddening and abnormal ear development in maize, has been reported\\u000a from Serbia, Romania and Bulgaria for 50 years. Recent epiphytotics reduced yields by 40%–90% in southern Banat, Serbia. MR\\u000a was recently associated with the presence of the stolbur phytoplasma, although the epidemiology of the disease remained unknown.\\u000a Diseased fields in southern

  1. Assessing and Mapping Drought Vulnerability in Agricultural Systems - A case Study for Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slejko, M.; Gregori?, G.; Bergant, K.; Stani?, S.

    2010-09-01

    Drought is a recurrent meteorological phenomenon. During recent years there is a rising concern about the increasing frequency of droughts and the ecological, economic and social aspects of their impact, especially because of the possible correlations between droughts and climate change. In the past decade there were four severe agricultural droughts on the territory of Slovenia, which resulted in the damage of most of non-irrigated crops and considerable economic loss. To minimize the impact of such phenomena it is necessary to conduct a drought vulnerability assessment, which could help developing mitigation and adaptation strategies. Development of drought adaptation strategies is one of the core tasks of the Drought Management Centre for South-eastern Europe (DMCSEE). As a part of DMCSEE activities, we started with the pilot project for drought vulnerability assessment for Gori\\vska region in the western part of Slovenia in 2008 with the objective to identify principal impacts of drought and to develop a methodology for drought vulnerability assessment in agriculture. In 2009, we extended the vulnerability assessment area from our pilot region to the entire area of Slovenia. The significance of drought impact on agriculture was evaluated on a five-grade scale based on a number of criteria, which were used according to the availability of the data. We have used the available digital data for soil water-holding capacity, slope, solar radiation, land use and irrigation infrastructure. Vulnerability distributions were arranged according to administrative units - Graphical Units of Agricultural Land (GERK). In the present study, the evaluation grades were assigned subjectively, however, we are introducing objective tools and models to improve the evaluation. In the case of the assessment of the vulnerability of land use for certain types of crops in a specific GERK, we are using an irrigation scheduling model IRRFIB, which estimates water consumption by crops during their growing and ripening season. Geographical mapping was performed using Geographic Information System (GIS) software, which provides graphical presentation of the exposure of particular geographic areas to drought with spatial resolution of 100m in both longitude and latitude. The reliability of our vulnerability assessment model was checked through comparisons of its predictions to the data on agricultural damage in 2006, which were in good agreement.

  2. Characterization of microorganisms isolated from lignite excavated from the Záhorie coal mine (southwestern Slovakia).

    PubMed

    Pokorný, Richard; Olejníková, Petra; Balog, Miroslav; Zifcák, Peter; Hölker, Udo; Janssen, Martina; Bend, Jutta; Höfer, Milan; Holiencin, Rudolf; Hudecová, Daniela; Varecka, L'udovít

    2005-11-01

    Microorganisms were isolated from lignite freshly excavated in the Záhorie coal mine (southwestern Slovakia) under conditions excluding contamination with either soil or air-borne microorganisms. The isolates represented both Prokarya and Eukarya (fungi). All were able to grow on standard media, although some microorganisms were unstable and became extinct during storage of coal samples. Bacteria belonged to the genera Bacillus, Staphylococcus, and Rhodococcus, according to both morphological criteria and ITS sequences. Several bacterial isolates were resistant to antibiotics. The presence of anaerobic bacteria was also documented, although they have not yet been identified. Fungal isolates were typified by using their ITS sequences. They belonged to the genera Trichoderma (Hypocrea), Penicillium, Epicoccum, Metarhizium (Cordyceps), and Cladosporium. Several fungi produced compounds with antibiotic action against standard bacterial strains. The evidence for the presence of microorganisms in native lignite was obtained by means of fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and electron microprobe analysis. Results demonstrated that microorganisms were able to survive in the low-rank coal over a long time period. PMID:16085397

  3. Case study of a severe windstorm over Slovakia and Hungary on 25 June 2008

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Simon, André; Ka?ák, Ján; Sokol, Alois; Putsay, Mária; Uhrínová, Lucia; Csirmaz, Kálmán; Okon, ?uboslav; Habrovský, Richard

    2011-06-01

    A system of thunderstorms approached the Slovakia and Hungary in the late evening hours of 25 June 2008, causing extensive damage and peak wind gusts up to 40 m/s. This study examines the macro- and mesosynoptic conditions for the windstorm using soundings, analyses, and forecasts of numerical models (ALADIN, ECMWF). A derecho-like character of the event is discussed. Meteosat Second Generation imagery and convective indices inferred from satellite and model data are used to assess the humidity distribution and the conditional instability of the thunderstorm environment. An intrusion of the environmental dry air into the convective system and intensification of downdrafts is considered to be one of the reasons for the damaging winds observed at some areas. This is supported by the radar imagery showing a sudden drop of radar reflectivity and creation of line echo wave patterns and bow echoes. A numerical simulation provided by the non-hydrostatic MM5 model indicated the development of meso-? scale vortices embedded in the convective system. The genesis and a possible role of such vortices in creating rear-inflow jets and intensifying the low level winds are investigated with the help of the vorticity equation and several other diagnostic parameters. In addition, the effect of various physical parameterisations on the forecast of the windstorm is evaluated.

  4. Occurrence of Deoxynivalenol in Wheat in Slovakia during 2010 and 2011

    PubMed Central

    Šliková, Svetlana; Gavurníková, So?a; Šudyová, Valéria; Gregová, Edita

    2013-01-01

    In this study, a total of 299 grain samples of wheat were collected from four production regions: the maize, sugar beet, potato and feed sectors of Slovakia. The samples were analyzed for deoxynivalenol (DON) content by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay RidascreenŽ Fast DON. Analysis of variance revealed a significant difference between years in DON contents (p < 0.027). The occurrence of samples with DON was 82.2% in 2010, with maximum DON content of 7.88 mg kg?1, and 70.7% in 2011, with maximum DON content of 2.12 mgˇkg?1. The total mean DON content was 0.62 mgˇkg?1; in the feed region 0.22 mgˇkg?1; 0.63 mgˇkg?1 in the maize region; 0.78 mgˇkg?1 in the sugar beet region; 0.45 mgˇkg?1 the potato region. The limit of 1.25 mgˇkg?1 imposed by the European Union (EU) for DON content was exceeded in 13.7% of the studied samples. The average monthly rainfall for May to June played a critical role in DON content of wheat grains for maize and sugar beet producing regions. The present results indicate that DON content was at a high level in grains from wheat grown during 2010. PMID:23917334

  5. Decadal change in snow line elevation in the upper Vah basin (Slovakia).

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kraj?í, Pavel

    2014-05-01

    The main idea of the study is to evaluate the spatial and temporal variability of snow line elevation in a mountain basin. The analysis is performed in the Upper Vah basin situated in northern part of Slovakia. The area of the basin is 1216 km2 and elevation ranges between 564 and 2494 m a.s.l. Snow cover variability is estimated from daily MODIS (Terra and Aqua) products and from snow course measurements carried out in a small experimental sub-basin (Jalovecky creek) and meteorological stations located in the study area, in the period 2001 - 2013. The snow line elevation is estimated by comparing the elevation of pixels classified as snow and land. The results will demonstrate the sensitivity of snow line elevation to different thresholds used in the analyses, i.e. threshold for cloud coverage or different quantiles used for describing the elevation of snow and land pixels. A seasonal variation of the snow line elevation will be discussed and compared with respect to snow rich/poor winter seasons. Finally, a methodology for cloud removal in MODIS products based on snow line elevation will be outlined and demonstrated for three contrasting winter seasons.

  6. Meningococcal disease in Slovenia (1993-1999): serogroups and susceptibility to antibiotics. Slovenian Meningitis Study Group.

    PubMed

    Cizman, M; Gubina, M; Paragi, M; Beovic, B; Lesnicar, G

    2001-01-01

    The epidemiology of meningococcal disease was studied prospectively in Slovenia from 1993 to 1999 in children and from 1995 to 1999 in adults. Patients with meningococci isolated from normally sterile body sites were included in the study. Altogether 75 patients (57 children, 18 adults) were found with meningococcal diseases. The overall yearly incidence was 0.43 per 100000 inhabitants. The highest annual incidence (18.5/100000) was found in children between 1 month and 1 year of age. The case to fatality ratio was 4.1%. Group B meningococci were isolated most frequently (84.7%), followed by group C (11.1%). In six patients (8.3%) isolates were less susceptible to penicillin. Four of these were successfully treated with penicillin alone. PMID:11137645

  7. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-print Network

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; United Kingdom; United States of America Convention on environmental impact assessment in a transboundary; Slovakia; Slovenia; South Africa; Spain; Sri Lanka; Suriname; Sweden; Switzerland; Togo; Trinidad

  8. Molecular characterisation of noroviruses detected in mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from harvesting areas in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Henigman, Urška; Biasizzo, Majda; Vadnjal, Stanka; Toplak, Ivan; Gomba?, Mitja; Steyer, Andrej; Poljšak Prijatelj, Mateja; Ambroži?, Mateja; Fonda, Irena; Kirbiš, Andrej; Barli?-Maganja, Darja

    2015-04-01

    Noroviruses are a leading cause of viral gastroenteritis in humans and are responsible for many outbreaks worldwide. Mussels are one of the most important foodstuffs connected with norovirus outbreaks, also resulting in multinational dimensions. Two hundred and thirty-eight (238) samples of mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) were collected in periods between the years 2006-2008 and 2010-2012 to study the prevalence of noroviruses (NoVs) from harvesting areas along the Adriatic coast of Slovenia. Between 2006 and 2008, 9.1% to 24.6% of mussel samples tested by specific GI and/or GII real-time RT-PCR methods were found to be positive for NoVs while between 2010 and 2012 the percentage of NoV positive samples varied from 12.5% to 22.2%. At the nucleotide level within the RdRp gene fragment the genetic diversity of NoVs detected in mussels ranged between 78.8-81.0% nucleotide identity among GII strains (92.1-99.6% within the GII.P4 genotype), 100% nucleotide identity among GI and 58.4-60.2% among GI and GII strains. Nine of the NoV strains detected from mussels were genotyped as GII.4, while two samples were within GI.P2 and one was a positive sample within genotype GII.P21. This study confirmed that mussels are a potential source of the NoV infection. The detected NoVs share the same topology on the phylogenetic tree within the NoV strains detected in water samples and human patients, not only from Slovenia but also from many different countries worldwide. We can assume that mussels in harvesting areas are not only contaminated from the surrounding area but also by contaminated water and sewage from large transport ships, which are regularly present in the area. PMID:25938747

  9. Radon in thermal waters in south-east part of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Nikolov, Jovana; Todorovi?, Nataša; Bikit, Ištvan; Panti?, Tanja Petrovi?; Forkapi?, Sofija; Mr?a, Dušan; Bikit, Kristina

    2014-07-01

    There are several occurrences of thermal waters in the south-eastern part of Serbia, which are originating from igneous and metamorphic rocks. These waters are mainly used in balneology, but some of them are used for drinking purposes and in water supply to heat buildings, for greenhouses and to irrigate land. In this region, there is the well-known Niška banja spa, which has elevated levels of radon. Water samples were examined from other spas in the south-eastern part of Serbia in order to determine radon activity concentration. A detailed discussion of a possible correlation between determined radon activity concentration and the geology of this area is also given. PMID:24707000

  10. Radiation exposure during X-ray examinations in a large paediatric hospital in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Ciraj-Bjelac, Olivera; Gavrilovic, Marijana; Arandjic, Danijela; Vujovic, Milan; Bozovic, Predrag

    2015-07-01

    Objective of this work is to evaluate radiation exposure from X-ray examinations in a large paediatric hospital in Serbia, including radiographic, fluoroscopic and computed tomography (CT) examinations in four age groups: 0-1, 1-5, 5-10 and 10-15 y. Incident air kerma was assessed for the following radiographies: chest (AP, PA, LAT), spine (AP, LAT), pelvis (AP), urinary tract (AP, PA) and skull (AP, PA, LAT). Kerma-area product was measured for the fluoroscopy examinations: barium swallow, barium meal, barium enema and micturating cystography. Dose in CT was assessed in terms of volume CT dose index and dose-length product for examinations of the head, chest and abdomen. The collected data were compared with other similar studies, which indicated a need to expand such survey to other paediatric hospitals in Serbia. PMID:25821208

  11. Origin and geodynamic significance of Tertiary postcollisional basaltic magmatism in Serbia (central Balkan Peninsula)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V Cvetkovi?; D. Prelevic; H. Downes; M. Jovanovic; O. Vaselli; Z. Pecskay

    2004-01-01

    Tertiary basaltic magmatism in Serbia occurred through three episodes: (i) Paleocene\\/Eocene, when mostly east Serbian mafic alkaline rocks (ESPEMAR) formed, (ii) Oligocene\\/Miocene, dominated by high-K calc–alkaline basalts, shoshonites (HKCA–SHO) and ultrapotassic (UP) rocks, and (iii) Pliocene episode when rocks similar to (ii) originated. In this study, the geodynamics inferred from petrogenesis of the (i) and (ii) episodes are discussed.The ESPEMAR

  12. Distribution of primordial radionuclides in surface soils from Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Dragovi?; Lj. Jankovi?; A. Onjia; G. Ba?i?

    2006-01-01

    The specific activities of primordial radionuclides in soil samples from 21 different locations in Serbia and Montenegro were determined by gamma-ray spectrometry. The results obtained were compared with those from other studies conducted worldwide. Concentrations of radionuclides in soils analyzed in this study ranged from 1.28 to 4.80ppm for uranium, from 5.26 to 19.0ppm for thorium, and from 0.97% to

  13. Weather sensitive method for short term load forecasting in Electric Power Utility of Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Ruzic; A. Vuckovic; N. Nikolic

    2003-01-01

    This paper presents a regression-based adaptive weather sensitive short-term load-forecasting algorithm, which has been developed and implemented in Electric Power Utility of Serbia. The proposed methodology consists of two main steps. The total daily energy is independently forecasted in the first step while hourly loads are predicted in the second step. All model parameters are automatically calculated and updated using

  14. Structural investigation of Zn 2+ sorption on clinoptilolite tuff from the Vranjska Banja deposit in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Š. Cerjan Stefanovi?; N. Zabukovec Logar; K. Margeta; N. Novak Tušar; I. Ar?on; K. Maver; J. Kova?; V. Kau?i?

    2007-01-01

    Three Zn2+-modified clinoptilolite samples from the deposit of Vranjska Banja (Serbia) were structurally studied using X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDXS) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Local environment of Zn ions was investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). The pre-treatment of clinoptilolite tuff by using NaCl or CaCl2 solutions resulted in a higher

  15. Composition of the Essential Oils of Seven Teucrium Species from Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nada N. Kovacevic; Branislava S. Lakusic; Mihailo S. Ristic

    2001-01-01

    The essential oils of seven Teucrium species (T. arduini L., T. botrys L., T. chamaedrys L., T. flavum L., T. montanum L., T. polium L., T. scordium L.) growing wild in Serbia and Montenegro were studied by GC and GC\\/MS. More than 60 compounds were identified. The main constituents of T. arduini and T. chamaedrys oils were ?-caryophyllene (24.5%; 26.9%)

  16. Geochemical characterization and origin of Southeastern and Eastern European loesses (Serbia, Romania, Ukraine)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Björn Buggle; Bruno Glaser; Ludwig Zöller; Ulrich Hambach; Slobodan Markovic; Irina Glaser; Natalia Gerasimenko

    2008-01-01

    The loess\\/paleosol sections of Batajnica\\/Stari Slankamen (Serbia), Mircea Voda (Romania) and Stary Kaydaky (Ukraine) were geochemically characterized based on discriminant analysis of major and trace elements, the ratios of Al\\/Ti, Fe\\/Ti and Al\\/Fe, the A-CN-K ternary plot and element enrichment\\/depletion relative to the average composition of the upper continental crust. The origin of the loess material in the southern Pannonian

  17. Essential Oil of the Herb of Stachys recta L., Lamiaceae from Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Jean-Claude Chalchat; S. D. Petrovic; Z. A. Maksimovic; M. S. Gorunovic

    2000-01-01

    The aerial parts of wild Stachys recta L., Lamiaceae, collected in the vicinity of Nis (Southern Serbia) during the full blooming stage, contained only 0.014% of essential oil. Using GC and GC\\/MS, 32 components were identified, predominantly alcohols and adequate oxides. The major constituent was 1-octen-3-ol (19.7%). The other important components were caryophyllene oxide, humulene oxide and nerolidol, but present

  18. Pathogenicity and mycotoxin production by Fusarium proliferatum isolated from onion and garlic in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Stankovic; J. Levic; T. Petrovic; A. Logrieco; A. Moretti

    2007-01-01

    Fusarium proliferatum can occur on a wide range of economically important vegetable plants but its role in disease is not always well established.\\u000a In 2000 and 2001, from forty-one field samples of wilting onion and garlic plants in Serbia, F. proliferatum as the predominant fungal species was isolated from root and bulbs. Seventy isolates were firstly characterized for their\\u000a sexual

  19. Radiocesium accumulation in mosses from highlands of Serbia and Montenegro: chemical and physiological aspects

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. Dragovi?; O. Nedi?; S. Stankovi?; G. Ba?i?

    2004-01-01

    The aim of this work was (i) to determine the activity levels of 137Cs in mosses from highland ecosystems of Serbia and Montenegro, (ii) to find out if radiocesium is associated with essential biomacromolecules, and (iii) to investigate 137Cs distribution among intracellular compartments. It was found that biomolecules of mosses do not bind significant amounts of radiocesium (2.3–3.3% of the

  20. The Essential Oil of Valeriana officinalis L. s.l. Growing Wild in Western Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milica Pavlovic; Nada Kovacevic; Olga Tzakou; Maria Couladis

    2004-01-01

    The oil obtained by hydrodistillation from underground parts of Valeriana officinalis L. s.l., growing wild on Tara Mountain (western Serbia), was analyzed by means of GC\\/MS. Fifty-three components, representing 90.7% of the oil, were identified. The main characteristic of this valerian essential oil was the presence of valerianol (57.3%) and bornyl acetate (11.3%).

  1. Comparative study of Cu 2+ adsorption on a zeolite, a clay and a diatomite from Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. Šljivi?; I. Smi?iklas; S. Pejanovi?; I. Ple?aš

    2009-01-01

    The adsorption of a zeolite, clay and diatomite from Serbia toward aqueous Cu2+ ions was studied, at different pH. The adsorbents were characterized with respect to phase composition, specific surface area and point of zero charge. The amounts of Cu2+ removed from the solution, increased with increasing initial pH, reaching nearly 100% at pH>7, regardless of the adsorbent type and

  2. Political cleavages in Serbia: changes and continuities in structuring left–right orientations

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Willy Jou

    2010-01-01

    This study examines the structuring of political attitudes in Serbia through the framework of the left–right schema. Using data from public opinion surveys taken during the 1990s and early 2000s, the impact of socio?demographic variables, economic interests, democratic support, social values, and nationalistic sentiments on respondents’ left–right orientations is analysed, as well as the relationship between left–right placements and support

  3. U and Th in some brown coals of Serbia and Montenegro and their environmental impact

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dragana Životi?; Ivan Gržeti?; Hans Lorenz; Vladimir Simi?

    2008-01-01

    Goal, Scope and Background  The objective of this paper is to determine and compare the concentrations of U and Th in soft to hard brown (lignite to sub-bituminous)\\u000a coals of Serbia and Montenegro. It also presents comparison of the obtained data on U and Th concentrations with the published\\u000a data on coals located in some other countries of the world. Almost

  4. A need for holistic approach to the occupational health developing (in Serbia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Mirjana Arandjelovic

    2011-01-01

    Countries in transition, such as Serbia, have been going through obligatory system reforms, including the reform of the healthcare\\u000a system. As a rule, occupational health becomes marginalized by the authorities who decide on medical care. In spite of the\\u000a fact that this branch of medicine cares for working population that mostly carries the burden of transition, when material\\u000a situation equals

  5. Characteristics of the lithospheric mantle beneath East Serbia inferred from ultramafic xenoliths in Palaeogene basanites

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Vladica Cvetkovic; Hilary Downes; Dejan Prelevic; Milivoje Jovanovic; Marina Lazarov

    2004-01-01

    Mantle xenoliths from Paleogene basanites of East Serbia were studied using EMP and LA-ICP-MS techniques in order to better understand mantle characteristics in this region. Five different mantle lithologies have been distinguished: a dunite\\/harzburgite\\/lherzolite (D\\/HZ\\/L) group, clinopyroxene-rich lherzolites (Cpx-L), clinopyroxene megacrysts (Cpx-M), spinel-rich olivine websterites (OWB 1) and spinel-poor olivine websterites (OWB 2). D\\/HZ\\/L xenoliths are the most common and

  6. Characterization of velogenic Newcastle disease viruses isolated from dead wild birds in Serbia during 2007.

    PubMed

    Vidanovi?, Dejan; Sekler, Milanko; Asanin, Ruzica; Mili?, Nenad; Nisavi?, Jakov; Petrovi?, Tamas; Savi?, Vladimir

    2011-04-01

    Avian paramyxoviruses type 1 or Newcastle disease viruses (NDV) are frequently recovered from wild birds and such isolates are most frequently of low virulence. Velogenic NDV are usually recovered from poultry and only occasionally from wild birds. Five NDV isolates were obtained from carcasses of four wild bird species during 2007 in Serbia: Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus), feral Rock Pigeon (Columba livia), and Eurasian Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto). All the isolates have a typical fusion protein cleavage site motif of velogenic viruses ((112)R-R-Q-K-R-F(117)). The highest homology (99%) for the nucleotide sequences spanning the M and F gene of the studied isolates was with the genotype VII NDV isolate Muscovy duck/China(Fujian)/FP1/02. Phylogenetic analysis based on a partial F gene sequence showed that the isolates from wild birds cluster together with concurrent isolates from poultry in Serbia within the subgenotype VIId, which is the predominant pathogen involved currently in Newcastle disease outbreaks in poultry worldwide. It is unlikely that the wild birds played an important role in primary introduction or consequent spread of the velogenic NDV to domestic poultry in Serbia, and they probably contracted the virus from locally infected poultry. PMID:21441197

  7. Evaluation of the Ecochemical Status of the Danube in Serbia in Terms of Water Quality Parameters

    PubMed Central

    Taki?, Ljiljana; Mladenovi?-Ranisavljevi?, Ivana; Vukovi?, Milovan; Mladenovi?, Ilija

    2012-01-01

    The Danube is an international river passing partly through Serbia. The protection of the environment and sustainable use of water resources is a primary task that implies constant monitoring of the quality status and evaluation of ecochemical status of the water in the Danube basin. The investigation includes calculation of all-inclusive water quality by the Serbian water quality index (SWQI) method and an evaluation of eco-chemical status of the Danube water in terms of water quality parameters from the entry to the exit point along its course through Serbia in the year of 2009. The results show that the overall quality of the Danube water on the territory of Serbia corresponds to the descriptive indicator of “very good” water. According to the Council Directive75/440/EEC, the evaluation of the ecostatus, with slight deviation of individual parameters at Pan?evo, corresponds to A1 category of the surface water quality intended for the abstraction of drinking water supplies in member states. PMID:22645471

  8. The Magnetic Properties of Lichens Exposed Around a Cement Plant in Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Winkler, Aldo; Paoli, Luca; Guttová, Anna; Loppi, Stefano; Sagnotti, Leonardo

    2015-04-01

    A cement industry is a source of dust pollution, from quarrying and grinding of the raw material to kiln operations. Airborne pollutants related to combustion processes are also emitted, especially during kiln operations and power generation. The use of biomonitors can provide valuable information about the impact of airborne pollutants released during cement production and lichens are suitable bioindicators of air pollution, providing reliable information on the quality of the environment. We investigated the magnetic hysteresis properties and the elemental concentrations of epiphytic lichens from selected sites (a cement mill, two quarries, agricultural areas, and villages) in SW Slovakia; in particular, both transplanted and in situ lichens, bark, soil and rock samples from the sampling sites, as well as pre-transplant samples have been characterized. Evernia prunastri transplants, exposed up to 180 days, showed excellent correlations between the saturation magnetization (Ms) and saturation remanent magnetization (Mrs) values and the Fe concentrations; the analyzed samples were magnetically homogeneous, with marked differences only for the sample from a basalt quarry. Xanthoria parietina autochthonous samples have also a similar magnetic mineralogy; anyway their Ms and Mrs values were two orders of magnitude higher with respect to those from the transplants, implying increased concentration of magnetic particles according to the different lichen species and to the prolonged exposure. Magnetic methods can be valuable for discriminating various natural and anthropogenic sources of dust. In this study, we point out that the magnetic properties may also reflect the influence of the basalt quarry activity, of the soil and of the bedrock. For a proper evaluation of the pollution related to human activities, it is thus essential to verify the nature of the substrate and to select suitable and homogeneous pre/post lichen transplant sites.

  9. Environmental and health risk assessment in abandoned mining area, Zlata Idka, Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rapant, S.; Dietzová, Z.; Cicmanová, S.

    2006-11-01

    The Zlata Idka village is a typical mountainous settlement. As a consequence of more than 500 years of mining activity, its environment has been extensively affected by pollution from potentially toxic elements. This paper presents the results of an environmental-geochemical and health research in the Zlata Idka village, Slovakia. Geochemical analysis indicates that arsenic (As) and antimony (Sb) are enriched in soils, groundwater, surface water and stream sediments. The average As and Sb contents are 892 mg/kg and 818 mg/kg in soils, 195 mg/kg and 249 mg/kg in stream sediments, 0.028 mg/l and 0.021 mg/l in groundwater and 0.024 mg/l and 0.034 mg/l in surface water. Arsenic and Sb concentrations exceed upper permissible limits in locally grown vegetables. Within the epidemiological research the As and Sb contents in human tissues and fluids have been observed (blood, urine, nails and hair) in approximately one third of the village’s population (120 respondents). The average As and Sb concentrations were 16.3 ?g/l and 3.8 ?g/l in blood, 15.8 ?g/l and 18.8 ?g/l in urine, 3,179 ?g/kg and 1,140 ?g/kg in nails and 379 ?g/kg and 357 ?g/kg in hair. These concentrations are comparatively much higher than the average population. Health risk calculations for the ingestion of soil, water, and vegetables indicates a very high carcinogenic risk (>1/1,000) for as content in soil and water. The hazard quotient [HQ=average daily dose (ADD)/reference dose (RfD)] calculation method indicates a HQ>1 for groundwater As and Sb concentrations.

  10. Changes in the snow water equivalent in mountainous basins in Slovakia over recent decades

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Hlav?ová, K.; Kotríková, K.; Kohnová, S.; Valent, P.

    2015-06-01

    Changes in snowpack and duration of snow cover can cause changes in the regime of snow and rain-snow induced floods. The recent IPCC report suggests that, in snow-dominated regions such as the Alps, the Carpathian Mountains and the northern parts of Europe, spring snowmelt floods may occur earlier in a future climate because of warmer winters, and flood hazards may increase during wetter and warmer winters, with more frequent rain and less frequent snowfall. The monitoring and modelling of snow accumulation and snow melting in mountainous catchments is rather complicated, especially due to the high spatial variability of snow characteristics and the limited availability of terrestrial hydrological data. An evaluation of changes in the snow water equivalent (SWE) during the period of 1961-2010 in the Upper Hron river basin, which is representative of the mountainous regions in Central Slovakia, is provided in this paper. An analysis of the snow cover was performed using simulated values of the snow water equivalent by a conceptual semi-distributed hydrological rainfall-runoff model. Due to the poor availability of the measured snow water equivalent data, the analysis was performed using its simulated values. Modelling of the SWE was performed in different altitude zones by a conceptual semi-distributed hydrological rainfall-runoff model. The evaluation of the results over the past five decades indicates a decrease in the simulated snow water equivalent and the snow duration in each altitude zone and in all months of the winter season. Significant decreasing trends were found for December, January and February, especially in the highest altitude zone.

  11. The effect of in-stream structures on flood wave attenuation in Western Carpathians of Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majerova, M.

    2010-12-01

    In-stream structures were built as a part of the erosion and sediment flux control on mountainous streams in Slovakia. These structures, steps, drop structures, and check dams, affect the flow regime and flood wave attenuation. Flood magnitude for ten and hundred-year flood events decreased by 0.21-29% depending on the flow and type of structures used. The largest decrease in flood duration was 39%. Relative change in flow depth and velocity, representing local stream conditions, ranged from 16 to 52%, and 12 to 106% respectively. These changes were modeled with 1D model, HEC-RAS, version 4.0, using unsteady flow simulations. Observed water surface was used for the calibration. Roughness was calculated using Chow and Cowan equations which were based on field observations. The flood events were modeled on Breznicky Creek, Sutovsky Creek, and Ilanovsky Creek in Kremnica Mountains, Little Fatra and Low Tatras as part of the Western Carpathian Mountains. Two scenarios were analyzed for ten and hundred-year flood events: 1) streams in their natural state, and 2) streams which have been altered by different in-stream structures. The results of this study are consistent with practice of torrent control for steps, small in-stream structures, and results from stream study in Czech Republic. The steps, used for local erosion control and habitat improvement, did not change the flood wave attenuation significantly. For drop structures and check dams, actual available water storage created by structures influenced the overall flood wave attenuation change. Quantification of flood magnitude and time duration under different flow regimes with different types of in-stream structures provides necessary information for flood risk management.

  12. Environmental contamination with polychlorinated biphenyls in the area of their former manufacture in Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Kocan, A; Petrik, J; Jursa, S; Chovancova, J; Drobna, B

    2001-01-01

    Evidently increased environmental pollution as a consequence of the 25-year manufacture of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in eastern Slovakia was observed. PCB levels determined in ambient air, soil, surface water, bottom sediment, wildlife (fish and game) samples collected in a potentially contaminated area of about 250 km2 (a part of the Michalovce district) were compared with those determined in a control area (Stropkov district). Up to 1700 ng/m3 were found in ambient air in a village close to a manufacturer's dumping site and a highly contaminated manufacturer's effluent canal whereas PCB concentrations in ambient air samples taken in villages in the control area were about 80 ng/m3 only. While soil samples taken from the agricultural fields of the polluted area contained PCBs at levels comparable with soil samples from the control area (about 0.008 mg/kg) much higher values (from 0.4 to 53,000 mg/kg) were determined in soil taken in the vicinity of manufacturer's landfill and storage sites and especially plants preparing asphalted gravel using formerly PCBs in their heat-exchanging systems. The contamination of the Laborec river and large Zemplinska Sirava reservoir is caused by the manufacturer's effluent canal since PCB levels in the canal sediment are still to be found about 3000 mg/kg. While PCB levels in sediment samples from Michalovce watercourses ranged between 1.7 and 6 mg/kg, sediment samples from the control Stropkov district ranged between 0.007 and 0.052 mg/kg only. Fish living in contaminated Michalovce waters contained about hundred times higher PCB levels than those caught in Stropkov ones. Similarly, game animals shot in Michalovce forests contained several times higher levels than those shot in Stropkov ones. PMID:11372843

  13. Extreme rainfall in Serbia, May 2014, simulation using WRF NMM and RainFARM: DRIHM project

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Deki?, Ljiljana; Mihalovi?, Ana; Dimitrijevi?, Vladimir; Rebora, Nicola; Parodi, Antonio

    2015-04-01

    Extreme rainfall in Serbia, May 2014, simulation using WRF NMM and RainFARM: DRIHM project Ljiljana Deki? (1), Ana Mihalovi? (1), Vladimir Dimitrijevi? (1), Nicola Rebora (2), Antonio Parodi (2) (1)Republic HydroMeteorological Service of Serbia, Belgrade, Serbia, (2)CIMA Research Foundation, Savona, Italy In May 2014 Balkan region was affected with the continuous heavy rainfall, the heaviest in 120 years of recording observation, causing extensive flooding. Serbia suffered human casualties, huge infrastructure and industrial destruction and agricultural damage. Cyclone development and trajectory was very well predicted by RHMSS operational WRF NMM numerical model but extreme precipitation was not possible to predict with sufficient precision. Simulation of extreme rainfall situations using different numerical weather prediction models can indicate weakness of the model and point out importance of specified physical approach and parameterization schemes. The FP7 Distributed Research Infrastructure for Hydro-Meteorology DRIHM project gives a framework for using different models in forecasting extreme weather events. One of the DRIHM component is Rainfall Filtered Autoregressive Model RainFARM for stochastic rainfall downscaling. Objective of the DRIHM project was developing of standards and conversion of the data for seamless use of meteorological and hydrological models in flood prediction. This paper describes numerical tests and results of WRF NMM nonhydrostatic model and RainFARM downscaling applied on WRF NMM outputs. Different physics options in WRF NMM and their influence on precipitation amount were investigated. RainFARM was applied on every physical option with downscaling from 4km to 500m and 100m horizontal resolution and 100 ensemble members. We analyzed locations on the catchments in Serbia where flooding was the strongest and the most destructive. Statistical evaluation of ensemble output gives new insight into the sub scale precipitation distribution. Comparison of predicted WRF NMM precipitation amount against the observation shows good agreement. Applying RainFARM is evaluation, some of the ensemble members give an indication of extreme precipitation closer to observed values. Results are encouraging and give a space for further investigation of stochastic rainfall downscaling.

  14. High-resolution numerical modeling of meteorological and hydrological conditions during May 2014 floods in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vujadinovic, Mirjam; Vukovic, Ana; Cvetkovic, Bojan; Pejanovic, Goran; Nickovic, Slobodan; Djurdjevic, Vladimir; Rajkovic, Borivoj; Djordjevic, Marija

    2015-04-01

    In May 2014 west Balkan region was affected by catastrophic floods in Serbia, Bosnia and Herzegovina and eastern parts of Croatia. Observed precipitation amount were extremely high, on many stations largest ever recorded. In the period from 12th to 18th of May, most of Serbia received between 50 to 100 mm of rainfall, while western parts of the country, which were influenced the most, had over 200 mm of rainfall, locally even more than 300 mm. This very intense precipitation came when the soil was already saturated after a very wet period during the second half of April and beginning of May, when most of Serbia received between 120 i 170 mm of rainfall. New abundant precipitation on already saturated soil increased surface and underground water flow, caused floods, soil erosion and landslides. High water levels, most of them record breaking, were measured on the Sava, Drina, Dunav, Kolubara, Ljig, Ub, Toplica, Tamnava, Jadar, Zapadna Morava, Velika Morava, Mlava and Pek river. Overall, two cities and 17 municipals were severely affected by the floods, 32000 people were evacuated from their homes, while 51 died. Material damage to the infrastructure, energy power system, crops, livestock funds and houses is estimated to more than 2 billion euro. Although the operational numerical weather forecast gave in generally good precipitation prediction, flood forecasting in this case was mainly done through the expert judgment rather than relying on dynamic hydrological modeling. We applied an integrated atmospheric-hydrologic modelling system to some of the most impacted catchments in order to timely simulate hydrological response, and examine its potentials as a flood warning system. The system is based on the Non-hydrostatic Multiscale Model NMMB, which is a numerical weather prediction model that can be used on a broad range of spatial and temporal scales. Its non-hydrostatic module allows high horizontal resolution and resolving cloud systems as well as large-scale precipitation patterns. Hydrological component of the system is the Hydrology Prediction Model HYPROM which calculates overland flow and river discharge using full dynamic governing equations integrated over a regular grid. This paper was realized as a part of the projects "Studying climate change and its influence on the environment: impacts, adaptation and mitigation" (43007) and "Assessment of climate change impacts on water resources in Serbia" (37005) financed by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia within the framework of integrated and interdisciplinary research for the period 2011-2015.

  15. Plant economy at a late Neolithic lake dwelling site in Slovenia at the time of the Alpine Iceman

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tjaša Tolar; Stefanie Jacomet; Anton Veluš?ek; Katarina ?ufar

    2011-01-01

    We present the results of a plant macroremain study of the late Neolithic lakeshore settlement Stare gmajne (SG) at Ljubljansko\\u000a barje, Slovenia, with cultural horizons that ended around 3330 and 3110 cal. b.c., as obtained by dendrochronological and radiocarbon dating of the most frequent construction timbers of Quercus sp. (oak) and Fraxinus sp. (ash). Fourteen systematically taken samples were investigated,

  16. Vol. 118 (2010) ACTA PHYSICA POLONICA A No. 5 14th Czech and Slovak Conference on Magnetism, Kosice, Slovakia, July 69, 2010

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    2010-01-01

    , Slovakia, July 6­9, 2010 The Superconducting Transition in Boron Doped Silicon Films T. Kociniewskia,b , D analysis of the superconducting properties of boron-doped silicon films grown along the 001 direction of the evo- lution of the superconducting transition temperature as a function of boron doping in silicon. 2

  17. Neotectonic evolution of the northern Laborec drainage basin (northeastern part of Slovakia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vojtko, Rastislav; Petro, L'ubomír; Benová, Alexandra; Bóna, Ján; Hók, Jozef

    2012-02-01

    This study investigates the influence of neotectonic activity on river and basin patterns in a mountainous area located in the northeastern part of the Carpathian Belt (the Laborecká vrchovina and Bukovské vrchy Mts. in eastern Slovakia). This area evolved within the accretionary wedge of the Carpathians during the Neogene, and it was alsowas affected by Middle to Late Miocene thrusting of the External Carpathians. Morphometric analysis, longitudinal and transverse river valley profiles, analysis of basin and valley symmetries, and investigation of alluvial terraces were carried out on the northern Laborec River and its tributaries. This was done to detect a possible relationship between their river courses and any ongoing neotectonic activity, which is otherwise difficult to detect by methods of structural geology because of the poorly exposed area. The general topography of the basin is characterized by a stepwise inclination to the SW as a result of differential uplift and subsidence. The reorganization of the river network in the Laborec drainage basin was influenced by tectonic activity along the NE-SW up to N-S fault structures during the neotectonic phase (Pliocene-Quaternary). The movement along these fault structures is predominantly normal to transtensive. The obtained data assumes that the region is under approximately NE-SW oriented S H compression and NW-SE trending S h tension. The Laborec drainage basin is characterized by a very high degree of asymmetry that sharply increases from the upper to the lower courses of the river. The right-bank tributaries of the Laborec River are < 12 km in length; however, the left-bank tributaries such as Vydra?ka, Ol'šava, Výrava, Udava, and Cirocha Streams are up to 50 km long with a high potential of headward erosion and capturing. The valley asymmetry is also very variable in the upper and lower portions of the basin. Based on these presented results, the ancient river thalweg was located along the axis of the Hostovice-Habura depression, and it was captured by the Ol'šava, Výrava, and Udava Streams. The asymmetric pattern of the drainage basin is the result of active tectonics, the continual subsidence of the Transcarpathian Basin, and by the uplift of the Laborecká vrchovina and Bukovské vrchy Mts. These events caused rejuvenation of the headward erosion of streams in the southern part. Favorable lithology was also essential in the process of river capture.

  18. Placental Transfer of Polychlorinated Biphenyls, Their Hydroxylated Metabolites and Pentachlorophenol in Pregnant Women from Eastern Slovakia

    PubMed Central

    Park, June-Soo; Bergman, Ĺke; Linderholm, Linda; Athanasiadou, Maria; Kocan, Anton; Petrik, Jan; Drobna, Beata; Trnovec, Tomas; Charles, M. Judith; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva

    2009-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to understand the placental transfer of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), specific hydroxylated PCB metabolites (OH-PCBs), and pentachlorophenol (PCP) in blood serum, in a birth cohort from eastern Slovakia. During the period 2002–2004, cord blood specimens were collected in parallel with maternal specimens from women delivering in the two eastern Slovak districts of Michalovce and Svidnik/Stropkov. A total of 92 pairs of mother-cord specimens at delivery were selected for this study. 4-OH-CB107, 3-OH-CB153, 4-OH-CB146, 3?-OH-CB138, 4-OH-CB187, and 4?-OH-CB172 were quantified. The median concentrations of ?17PCBs, ?6OH-PCBs, and PCP in cord serum were 0.92, 0.33, and 0.69 ng/g wet wt., respectively and highly correlated with the corresponding maternal serum levels (correlations were R2 = 0.61, 0.78, and 0.82, respectively). The median cord to mother ratios of the ?17PCBs, ?6OH-PCBs, and PCP were 0.18, 0.75, and 1.10, respectively. The median ratio of the ?6OH-PCBs to the ?17 PCBs in the cord serum was 0.38 from wet weight based concentrations, which was about four times higher than the ratio of these compounds in maternal serum (0.09). PCP was more abundant than any PCB or OH-PCB congener measured in cord serum. The higher cord to maternal ratios of OH-PCB metabolites as compared with the parent compounds suggests either a higher placental transfer rate or greater metabolism in the fetus as compared with the maternal compartment. These findings are consistent with their preferential binding to TTR that can cross the placenta. The cord to maternal ratio varies by congener (e.g., 4-OH-CB107 = 0.58, 4-OH-CB146=0.74, 3?-OH-CB138= 1.01). PMID:17764717

  19. Air temperature and precipitation spatial evaluation in Slovakia using the regularized splain with tension method

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mikulová, K.; Pecho, J.; Šâstný, P.; Faško, P.; Šiška, B.

    2009-09-01

    Over the last few years improvement of various GIS applications that involve spatial processing of climatological and meteorological data has been quite noticeable. This upsurge of interest is related directly to the fall in price of `commercial off-the-shelf' GIS products together with large advances in computer processing ability. GIS methods allow the detailed analysis of spatial patterns of various atmospheric parameters, providing an in depth look into the regularities and variability of weather and climate over time and space. Many climatic parameters, such as air temperature, precipitation and snow cover as well, are strongly dependent on geographical factors such as topography, land use and vegetation height. The paper presented here deals with spatial evaluation of the air temperature mean and mean precipitation totals within normal period 1961-1990 using GIS 3D interpolation methods. Through the homogenization process the utilized data sets were tested using the quality and quantity control procedures particularly concerning the filling and correction all data gaps and shifts recognized in the long time series within the period 1961-1990. Nevertheless, the network of climatological as well as rain gauge stations is quite dense in Slovakia it was needed to use additional supporting points (so-called "virtual stations") particularly in the mountainous regions during the pre-processing stage of spatial analysis. In the case of air temperature analysis the regional approach of statistical regression modeling was applied and available in-situ air temperature measurements were supported by the regularly distributed grid points with spatial resolution 10 × 10 km. In the contrast to the proceeding the precipitation data were advanced with irregular spatial network of "virtual stations". Supplementary data sets represented by grid and virtual points were evaluated using the regional regression function whereby the statistical relation between variables and altitude was investigated within particular region. Final spatial grids of air temperature mean and precipitation totals were interpolated using 3D module of RST-methos (Regularized Splain with Tension) in GIS GRASS whereby the parameters of tension and smoothing were optimized by means of cross-validation procedure directly integrated in GIS GRASS. Finally, we did a comparison of objective analysis map outputs with manually created maps of monthly temperature and precipitation normal. Moreover we have prepared the maps of air temperature and precipitation normal within 1931-1960 and 1951-1980 periods. Hence the comparison of different normal periods was possible and was carried out using the various numerical inter-layer evaluations (map algebra).

  20. Carbonate Chemistry and Isotope Characteristics of Groundwater of Ljubljansko Polje and Ljubljansko Barje Aquifers in Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Ljubljansko polje and Ljubljansko Barje aquifers are the main groundwater resources for the needs of Ljubljana, the capital of Slovenia. Carbonate chemistry and isotope analysis of the groundwater were performed to acquire new hydrogeological data, which should serve as a base for improvement of hydrogeological conceptual models of both aquifers. A total of 138 groundwater samples were collected at 69 sampling locations from both aquifers. Major carbonate ions and the stable isotope of oxygen were used to identify differences in the recharging areas of aquifers. Four groups of groundwater were identified: (1) Ljubljansko polje aquifer, with higher Ca2+values, as limestone predominates in its recharge area, (2) northern part of Ljubljansko Barje aquifer, with prevailing dolomite in its recharge area, (3) central part of Ljubljansko Barje aquifer, which lies below surface cover of impermeable clay and is poor in carbonate, and (4) Brest and Iški vršaj aquifer in the southern part of Ljubljansko Barje with higher Mg2+ in groundwater and dolomite prevailing in its recharge area. The radioactive isotope tritium was also used to estimate the age of groundwater. Sampled groundwater is recent with tritium activity between 4 and 8 TU and residence time of up to 10 years. PMID:24453928

  1. Using volunteered geographical information to map the November 2012 floods in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Triglav-?ekada, M.; Radovan, D.

    2013-06-01

    Volunteered geographical information represents a promising field in the monitoring and mapping of natural disasters. The contributors of volunteered geographical information have the advantage that they are at the location of the natural disaster at exactly the time when the disaster happened. Therefore, they can provide the most complete account of the extent of the damage. This is not always possible when applying photogrammetric or remote-sensing methods, as prior to the data acquisition an order to carry out the measurements has to be made. On 5 and 6 November 2012 almost half of Slovenia was badly affected by floods. The gathering of volunteered geographical information in the form of images and videos of these floods will be presented. Two strategies were used: (1) a public call for volunteered contributions and (2) a web search for useful images and their authors. The authorship of these images was verified with every contributor, and with the help of the volunteered images 12% of the most severely affected river sections were mapped. Altogether, 1195.3 ha of flooded areas outside of the usual riverbeds along a total river length of 48 km were mapped. The results are compared with those from satellite mapping of the same floods.

  2. Using volunteered geographical information to map the November 2012 floods in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Triglav-?ekada, M.; Radovan, D.

    2013-11-01

    Volunteered geographical information represents a promising field in the monitoring and mapping of natural disasters. The contributors of volunteered geographical information have the advantage that they are at the location of the natural disaster at exactly the time when the disaster happened. Therefore, they can provide the most complete account of the extent of the damage. This is not always possible when applying photogrammetric or remote-sensing methods, as prior to the data acquisition an order to carry out the measurements has to be made. On 5 and 6 November 2012 almost half of Slovenia was badly affected by floods. The gathering of volunteered geographical information in the form of images and videos of these floods is presented. Two strategies were used: (1) a public call for volunteered contributions and (2) a web search for useful images and their authors. The authorship of these images was verified with every contributor. In total, 15 contributors provided 102 terrestrial and aerial images and one aerial video, with 45% classified as potentially useful. For actual flood mapping 22 images and 12 sequences from video were used. With the help of the volunteered images 12% of the most severely affected river sections were mapped. Altogether, 1195.3 ha of flooded areas outside of the usual river beds along a total river length of 48 km were mapped. The results are compared with those from satellite mapping of the same floods, which successfully covered 18% of the most affected river sections.

  3. Mineral and chemical composition of the Jezersko meteorite—A new chondrite from Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miler, Miloš; Ambroži?, Bojan; Mirti?, Breda; Gosar, Mateja; Ĺ turm, Sašo.; Dolenec, Matej; Jeršek, Miha

    2014-10-01

    The Jezersko meteorite is a newly confirmed stony meteorite found in 1992 in the Karavanke mountains, Slovenia. The meteorite is moderately weathered (W2), indicating short terrestrial residence time. Chondrules in partially recrystallized matrix are clearly discernible but often fragmented and have mean diameter of 0.73 mm. The meteorite consists of homogeneous olivine (Fa19.4) and low-Ca pyroxenes (Fs16.7Wo1.2), of which 34% are monoclinic, and minor plagioclase (Ab83An11Or6) and Ca-pyroxene (Fs6Wo45.8). Troilite, kamacite, zoned taenite, tetrataenite, chromite, and metallic copper comprise about 16.5 vol% of the meteorite. Phosphates are represented by merrillite and minor chlorapatite. Undulatory extinction in some olivine grains and other shock indicators suggests weak shock metamorphism between stages S2 and S3. The bulk chemical composition generally corresponds to the mean H chondrite composition. Low siderophile element contents indicate the oxidized character of the Jezersko parent body. The temperatures recorded by two-pyroxene, olivine-chromite, and olivine-orthopyroxene geothermometers are 854 °C, 737-787 °C, and 750 °C, respectively. Mg concentration profiles across orthopyroxenes and clinopyroxenes indicate relatively fast cooling at temperatures above 700 °C. A low cooling rate of 10 °C Myr-1 was obtained from metallographic data. Considering physical, chemical, and mineralogical properties, meteorite Jezersko was classified as an H4 S2(3) ordinary chondrite.

  4. Seismic Microzonation of Breginjski Kot (NW Slovenia) Based on Detailed Engineering Geological Mapping

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Breginjski kot is among the most endangered seismic zones in Slovenia with the seismic hazard assessed to intensity IX MSK and the design ground acceleration of 0.250?g, both for 500-year return period. The most destructive was the 1976 Friuli Mw = 6.4 earthquake which had maximum intensity VIII-IX. Since the previous microzonation of the area was based solely on the basic geological map and did not include supplementary field research, we have performed a new soil classification of the area. First, a detailed engineering geological mapping in scale 1?:?5.000 was conducted. Mapped units were described in detail and some of them interpreted anew. Stiff sites are composed of hard to medium-hard rocks which were subjected to erosion mainly evoked by glacial and postglacial age. At that time a prominent topography was formed and different types of sediments were deposited in valleys by mass flows. A distinction between sediments and weathered rocks, their exact position, and thickness are of significant importance for microzonation. On the basis of geological mapping, a soil classification was carried out according to the Medvedev method (intensity increments) and the Eurocode 8 standard (soil factors) and two microzonation maps were prepared. The bulk of the studied area is covered by soft sediments and nine out of ten settlements are situated on them. The microzonation clearly points out the dependence of damage distribution in the case of 1976 Friuli earthquake to local site effects. PMID:24453884

  5. Factors affecting the ecology of tick-borne encephalitis in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Knap, N; Avši?-Županc, T

    2015-07-01

    Recognition of factors that influence the formation of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) foci is important for assessing the risk of humans acquiring the viral infection and for establishing what can be done (within reasonable boundaries) to minimize that risk. In Slovenia, the dynamics of the TBE vector, i.e. Ixodes ricinus, was studied over a 4-year period and the prevalence of infection in ticks was established. Two groups of tick hosts were investigated: deer and small mammals. Red deer have been confirmed as having a direct influence on the incidence of TBE and rodents have been recognized as important sentinels for TBE infections, although their role in the enzootic cycle of the virus still remains to be elucidated. Last, forest and agricultural areas, which are influenced by human activity, are suitable habitats for ticks, and important for TBEV transmission and establishment. Human behaviour is also therefore an important factor and should always be considered in studies of TBE ecology. PMID:25918865

  6. Identification of SARS-like coronaviruses in horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus hipposideros) in Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Rihtaric, Danijela; Hostnik, Peter; Steyer, Andrej; Grom, Joze; Toplak, Ivan

    2010-04-01

    Bats have been identified as a natural reservoir for an increasing number of emerging zoonotic viruses, such as Hendra virus, Nipah virus, Ebola virus, Marburg virus, rabies and other lyssaviruses. Recently, a large number of viruses closely related to members of the genus Coronavirus have been associated with severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and detected in bat species. In this study, samples were collected from 106 live bats of seven different bat species from 27 different locations in Slovenia. Coronaviruses were detected by RT-PCR in 14 out of 36 horseshoe bat (Rhinolophus hipposideros) fecal samples, with 38.8% virus prevalence. Sequence analysis of a 405-nucleotide region of the highly conserved RNA polymerase gene (pol) showed that all coronaviruses detected in this study are genetically closely related, with 99.5-100% nucleotide identity, and belong to group 2 of the coronaviruses. The most closely related virus sequence in GenBank was SARS bat isolate Rp3/2004 (DQ071615) within the SARS-like CoV cluster, sharing 85% nucleotide identity and 95.6% amino acid identity. The potential risk of a new group of bat coronaviruses as a reservoir for human infections is highly suspected, and further molecular epidemiologic studies of these bat coronaviruses are needed. PMID:20217155

  7. Phylogeographic diversity of pathogenic and non-pathogenic hantaviruses in slovenia.

    PubMed

    Korva, Miša; Knap, Nataša; Rus, Katarina Resman; Fajs, Luka; Grubelnik, Gašper; Bremec, Matejka; Knapi?, Tea; Trilar, Tomi; Županc, Tatjana Avši?

    2013-12-01

    Slovenia is a very diverse country from a natural geography point of view, with many different habitats within a relatively small area, in addition to major geological and climatic differences. It is therefore not surprising that several small mammal species have been confirmed to harbour hantaviruses: A. flavicollis (Dobrava virus), A. agrarius (Dobrava virus-Kurkino), M. glareolus (Puumala virus), S. areanus (Seewis virus),M. agrestis, M. arvalis and M. subterraneus (Tula virus). Three of the viruses, namely the Dobrava, Dobrava-Kurkino and Puumala viruses, cause disease in humans, with significant differences in the severity of symptoms. Due to changes in haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome cases (HFRS) epidemiology, a detailed study on phylogenetic diversity and molecular epidemiology of pathogenic and non-pathogenic hantaviruses circulating in ecologically diverse endemic regions was performed. The study presents one of the largest collections of hantavirus L, M and S sequences obtained from hosts and patients within a single country. Several genetic lineages were determined for each hantavirus species, with higher diversity among non-pathogenic compared to pathogenic viruses. For pathogenic hantaviruses, a significant geographic clustering of human- and rodent-derived sequences was confirmed. Several geographic and ecological factors were recognized as influencing and limiting the formation of endemic areas. PMID:24335778

  8. Atmospheric heavy metal pollution in Slovenia derived from results for epiphytic lichens.

    PubMed

    Jeran, Z; Ja?imovi?, R; Batic, F; Smodis, B; Wolterbeek, H T

    1996-03-01

    In 1992, a monitoring survey has been started on the national scale in Slovenia using the epiphytic lichen Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl. The primary aim has been to analyse lichens using the k(0)-based INAA method to obtain information about the levels of elements in the atmosphere and to identify significant pollution sources. Monte Carlo-Assisted Factor Analysis was applied to a data set of the 28 elements As, Ag, Ba, Br, Ce, Cd, Co, Cr, Cs, Fe, Ga, Hf, Hg, K, La, Mo, Na, Rb, Sb, Sc, Se, Sr, Sm, Tb, Th, U, W and Zn, which have been selected from the elements determined as the most important ones for the identification of pollution sources. A Monte Carlo approach has been used to give more insight into the uncertainties and significance levels of the factor analysis results. It has been found that concentration patterns in lichens yielded 9 factors (source types) which are presented and discussed in detail. The geographical patterns of the contributions of all factors are also shown. PMID:15067471

  9. Conflicting results of serological, PCR and microscopic methods clarify the various risk levels of canine babesiosis in Slovakia: a complex approach to Babesia canis diagnostics.

    PubMed

    Kubelová, Michaela; Sedlák, Kamil; Panev, Aleksandar; Široký, Pavel

    2013-01-31

    We have performed a survey of Babesia canis prevalence within group of dogs living in Southern and Western Slovakia. Blood samples and sera from 217 dogs, including individuals suspected of having babesiosis, were examined by nested PCR-RFLP, light microscopy and indirect fluorescence antibody test (IFAT). The detection of B. canis DNA revealed the highest number of infected dogs in the region of Nové Zámky, with 23 B. canis-positive blood samples (35.4%, n=65), followed by an area close to Komárno (both areas of Southern Slovakia), where 1 dog out of 52 collected (1.9%) had detectible B. canis DNA in the blood stream. The serological method revealed an opposing pattern, with only 3 dogs (4.8%, n=63) sampled at Nové Zámky presenting IgG antibodies against B. canis, while in Komárno region such antibodies were detected in 15 dogs (28.8%, n=52). This discrepancy may be because the majority of samples from Nové Zámky were dogs suspected of an acute phase of canine babesiosis, whereas dogs at Komárno were sampled during a vaccination campaign, and thus were without any clinical signs of the disease. The latter group contains evidently recovered carriers of IgG against B. canis. Hence, the combination of PCR-based and serological methods enabled us to discover both recently infected as well as recovered dogs, thus obtaining a more realistic view on the epidemiological situation. Remarkably, we did not find any positive samples in the vicinity of Stupava (district Malacky, Western Slovakia), either by PCR-RFLP, microscopy or IFAT (n=100). Considering the numerous falsely diagnosed cases of canine babesiosis, we suggest that light microscopy as the simplest and most accessible diagnostic test. Southern Slovakia was confirmed as an area of high risk of canine babesiosis, whereas conclusions about B. canis spreading over Western Slovakia should be considered with wariness. PMID:23040770

  10. Molecular characterization of macrolide resistant Streptococcus pyogenes isolates from pharyngitis patients in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Opavski, Natasa; Gajic, Ina; Borek, Anna L; Obsza?ska, Katarzyna; Stanojevic, Maja; Lazarevic, Ivana; Ranin, Lazar; Sitkiewicz, Izabela; Mijac, Vera

    2015-07-01

    A steady increase in macrolide resistance in Streptococcus pyogenes, group A streptococci (GAS) was reported in Serbia during 2004-2009 (9.9%). However, there are no data on the molecular epidemiology of pharyngeal macrolide resistance GAS (MRGAS) isolates. Therefore, the aims of this first nationwide study were to examine the prevalence of macrolide resistance in Serbian GAS and to determine their resistance phenotypes, genotypes and clonal relationships. Overall 3893 non-duplicate pharyngeal S. pyogenes isolates from outpatients with GAS infection were collected throughout country during 2008 and 2009. Among 486 macrolide resistant pharyngeal isolates collected, 103 were further characterized. Macrolide resistance phenotypes and genotypes were determined by double-disk diffusion test and PCR, respectively. Strain relatedness was determined by emm typing, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), multilocus variable tandem repeat analysis (MLVA), phage profiling (PP) and virulence factor profiling (VFP). Overall, macrolide resistance among GAS isolates in Serbia was 12.5%. M phenotype was the most common (71.8%), followed by iMLS (18.4%) and cMLS (9.7%). Three clonal complexes - emm75/mefA/ST49, emm12/mefA/ST36 and emm77/ermA/tetO/ST63 comprised over 90% of the tested strains. Although MLVA, PP and VFP distinguished 10, 20 and 12 different patterns, respectively, cluster analysis disclosed only small differences between strains which belonged to the same emm/ST type. Our data indicate dominance of three major internationally widely disseminated macrolide resistant clones and a high genetic homogeneity among the Serbian MRGAS population. Continued surveillance of macrolide resistance and clonal composition in MRGAS in Serbia in future is necessary to determine stability of MRGAS clones and to guide therapy strategies. PMID:25976381

  11. Validation of satellite-derived rainfall products with rain gauges in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zlatanovic, Nikola; Stefanovic, Milutin; Milovanovic, Irina; Cotric, Jelena

    2015-04-01

    Four widely available satellite-based rainfall estimates (SRFE) were extensively validated and intercompared on daily, monthly and seasonal timescales, for a 10-year period (2001-2010), using fifteen rainfall stations in Serbia. The evaluated satellite products were divided into two groups according to data latency. The first group, near real-time products, included the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) Multi-Satellite Precipitation Analysis (TMPA) real-time product 3B42RT and the Precipitation Estimation from Remotely Sensed Information using Artificial Neural Networks (PERSIANN). The second group, post real-time products, included the TRMM 3B42 research product and the NOAA/Climate Prediction Center (CPC) morphing technique (CMORPH). All satellite products were available at 0.25 degree spatial resolution and daily temporal resolution, further aggregated into monthly and seasonal. Fifteen rain gauge stations throughout Serbia, operated by the Republic Hydrometeorological Service of Serbia, with available and reliable daily rainfall data for the time period 2001-2010 were selected for this study. The performance of different satellite-based rainfall estimation (SRFE) products was assessed using standard statistical methods to summarize the strength of the relationship between daily SRFE values and their corresponding ground observations, including the root mean square error (RMSE), correlation coeffient r, BIAS and Nash-Sutcliffe coefficient of daily, 10-day and monthly rainfall, and visual comparison methods. The results demonstrate that all evaluated products have significantly lower accuracy during the winter months (December to February) and highest accuracy in autumn months (September and October). In respect to performance, the TRMM research product showed best results overall, followed by the CMORPH and TRMM-RT realtime product. PERSIANN showed generally lower accuracy, except in the autumn season.

  12. Soil fertility status and spatial distribution of selected trace elements in south-western Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Mrvic, Vesna; Kostic-Kravljanac, Ljiljana; Cakmak, Dragan; Pivic, Radmila; Saljnikov, Elmira; Nikoloski, Mile; Perovic, Veljko

    2010-05-01

    Soil fertility status and spatial distribution of selected trace elements in south-western Serbia V. Mrvic, Lj. Kostic-Kravljanac, D. ?akmak, R. Pivi?, E. Saljnikov, M. Nikoloski, V. Perovi? Institute of Soil Science, 11000 Belgrade, Serbia (vesnavmrvic@yahoo.com) Main characteristic of surface soil layer (pH in KCl, humus, available P and K), and content of trace elements (Ni, Cr, Cu, Zn, Pb, Cd, As, Hg) were analysed on area of southwestern Serbia, covering total 959 000 ha (one sample represents 1000 ha) . About 30 % of samples have very acid reaction. Main portion of soil samples (86%) is poorly suplied with available phosphorus (<8 mg/100g), and these are located under forests, meadows, pastures and orchards. Supplies of available potasium and humus are well. On the other hand, in small number of soil samples (4%), mostly on fertile alluvial soils, there are high P and K concentration, which are consequence of inadequate usage of mineral fertilizers. Content of trace elements in 70 % of soil samples is bellow maximum allowed concentration (MAC). The most frequente potential pollutants are Cr and Ni, which is assosiated with mafic and ultramafic rocks, which are common in this region (mountains naerby river Ibar - Troglav, Stolovi, ?emerno, Željin, Golija, Kopaonik; near Sjenica- peridotites of mn. Ozren). There are dominace of Eutric Leptosols soil type, with Ni content above 100 mg/kg, and in some samples above 1000 mg/kg. In smaller number of samples arsenic and lead exceed MAC, while other elements exceed MAD very rarelly. There are elevated Pb content in Kopaonik mountain area, and elevated As content besides this region, are in mine zone of Golija and Cemerno. These are mountain soils formed on acid igneous and metamorphic rocks, which are enriched with ores of Pb, Zn and other elements. Eventually negative influences of these elements on plants and other components of ecosystem may be esstimated only after detalied investigation.

  13. Malignant Lymphatic and Hematopoietic Neoplasms Mortality in Serbia, 1991–2010: A Joinpoint Regression Analysis

    PubMed Central

    Ilic, Milena; Ilic, Irena

    2014-01-01

    Background Limited data on mortality from malignant lymphatic and hematopoietic neoplasms have been published for Serbia. Methods The study covered population of Serbia during the 1991–2010 period. Mortality trends were assessed using the joinpoint regression analysis. Results Trend for overall death rates from malignant lymphoid and haematopoietic neoplasms significantly decreased: by ?2.16% per year from 1991 through 1998, and then significantly increased by +2.20% per year for the 1998–2010 period. The growth during the entire period was on average +0.8% per year (95% CI 0.3 to 1.3). Mortality was higher among males than among females in all age groups. According to the comparability test, mortality trends from malignant lymphoid and haematopoietic neoplasms in men and women were parallel (final selected model failed to reject parallelism, P?=?0.232). Among younger Serbian population (0–44 years old) in both sexes: trends significantly declined in males for the entire period, while in females 15–44 years of age mortality rates significantly declined only from 2003 onwards. Mortality trend significantly increased in elderly in both genders (by +1.7% in males and +1.5% in females in the 60–69 age group, and +3.8% in males and +3.6% in females in the 70+ age group). According to the comparability test, mortality trend for Hodgkin's lymphoma differed significantly from mortality trends for all other types of malignant lymphoid and haematopoietic neoplasms (P<0.05). Conclusion Unfavourable mortality trend in Serbia requires targeted intervention for risk factors control, early diagnosis and modern therapy. PMID:25333862

  14. Access to primary healthcare services for the Roma population in Serbia: a secondary data analysis

    PubMed Central

    2011-01-01

    Background Serbia has proclaimed access to healthcare as a human right. In a context wherein the Roma population are disadvantaged, the aim of this study was to assess whether the Roma population are able to effectively access primary care services, and if not, what barriers prevent them from doing so. The history of the Roma in Serbia is described in detail so as to provide a context for their current vulnerable position. Methods Disaggregated data were analyzed from three population groups in Serbia; the general population, the Roma population, and the poorest quintile of the general population not including the Roma. The effective coverage framework, which incorporates availability, affordability, accessibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of health services, was used to structure the secondary data analysis. Acute respiratory infection (ARI) in children less than five years of age was used as an example as this is the leading cause of death in children under 5 years old in Serbia. Results Roma children were significantly more likely to experience an ARI than either the general population or the poorest quintile of the general population, not including the Roma. All three population groups were equally likely to not receive the correct treatment regime of antibiotics. An analysis of the factors that affect quality of access to health services reveal that personal documentation is a statistically significant problem; availability of health services is not an issue that disproportionately affects the Roma; however the geographical accessibility and affordability are substantive issues that disproportionately affect the Roma population. Affordability of services affected the Roma and the poorest quintile and affordability of medications significantly affected all three population groups. With regards to acceptability, mothers from all three population groups are equally likely to recognize the importance of seeking treatment. Conclusions The Roma should be assisted in applying for personal documentation, the geographical accessibility of clinics needs to be addressed, and the costs of healthcare visits and medications should be reviewed. Areas for improvement specific to ARI are the costs of antibiotics and the diagnostic accuracy of providers. A range of policy recommendations are outlined. PMID:21851632

  15. Model of the porphyry copper and polymetallic vein family of deposits - Applications in Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Drew, L.J.

    2003-01-01

    A tectonic model useful in estimating the occurrence of undiscovered porphyry copper and polymetallic vein systems has been developed. This model is based on the manner in which magmatic and hydrothermal fluids flow and are trapped in fault systems as far-field stress is released in tectonic strain features above subducting plates (e.g. strike-slip fault systems). The structural traps include preferred locations for stock emplacement and tensional-shear fault meshes within the step-overs that localize porphyry- and vein-style deposits. The application of the model is illustrated for the porphyry copper and polymetallic vein deposits in the Central Slovakian Volcanic Field, Slovakia; the Ma??tra Mountains, Hungary; and the Apuseni Mountains, Romania.

  16. High infection rate of zoonotic Eucoleus aerophilus infection in foxes from Serbia

    PubMed Central

    Laloševi?, Vesna; Laloševi?, Dušan; ?apo, Ivan; Simin, Verica; Galfi, Annamaria; Traversa, Donato

    2013-01-01

    The respiratory capillariid nematode Eucoleus aerophilus (Creplin, 1839) infects wild and domestic carnivores and, occasionally, humans. Thus far, a dozen of human infections have been published in the literature but it cannot be ruled out that lung capillariosis is underdiagnosed in human medicine. Also, the apparent spreading of E. aerophilus in different geographic areas spurs new studies on the epidemiology of this nematode. After the recognition of the first human case of E. aerophilus infection in Serbia, there is a significant merit in enhancing knowledge on the distribution of the nematode. In the present work the infection rate of pulmonary capillariosis was investigated in 70 red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) from the northern part of Serbia by autopsy. The estimated infection rate with Eucoleus aerophilus was 84%. In contrast, by copromicroscopic examination only 38% of foxes were positive. In addition, 10 foxes were investigated for the closely related species in nasal cavity, Eucoleus boehmi, and nine were positive. Our study demonstrates one of the highest infection rates of pulmonary capillariosis in foxes over the world. PMID:23340229

  17. Freshwater environmental quality parameters of man-made lakes of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Devic, Gordana; Dor?evic, Dragana; Sakan, Sanja

    2014-08-01

    In this study, 28 lakes were selected from the freshwater resources of the network of man-made lakes throughout the Vojvodina Province and the central part of Serbia. Samples were analyzed for the physicochemicals indicators of the water and nutrients. Most of the values of the chemicals indicators and nutrients of the samples from the Vojvodina Province exceeded the Water Act and Regulations on the Monitoring of Water Quality introduced by the Government of the Republic of Serbia (MWQ) and/or the World Health Organization (WHO) drinking water standards. These samples may not be suitable for human consumption. The sample from Lake Me?uvršje, where the NH4 (+) concentration was 0.28 mg/L, and the sample from Ovcar Banja, where the total phosphorus (TP) content was 0.15 mg/L with a high total nitrogen (TN) content of 1.21 mg/L, are particularly noteworthy. These high concentrations exceeded the proposed guidelines for safe drinking water; therefore, water from these lakes should be used with care as harmful health effects may occur. The majority of the Serbian lakes are characterized by phosphorus-limited photosynthesis. PMID:24740390

  18. Conditional probability of occurrence of floods and droughts on rivers in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Prohaska, Stevan; Ilic, Aleksandra; Blagojevic, Borislava

    2010-05-01

    Based on a recent research of floods and droughts in Serbia, this paper will deal with interrelation of both extreme floods and hydrologic droughts. Territory of the Republic of Serbia is analyzed area, excluding the Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Gage stations, that control areas of catchments from 84 km˛ (Donja Satornja GS on the Jasenica River) to 525009 km˛ (Pancevo GS on the Danube River), form observation network of Hydro-meteorological Service. There are 144 gauge stations flow data available for analysis. Taking outlier identification as the only indicator of extreme events, analysis will be performed for the data sets at gauge stations where outliers were identified in the series of annual minima, maxima and 30 days minima. Outlier identification is performed by Pilot and Harvey test. Identified gauge stations, possibly leading to regions prone to extreme flood, drought or both, and probability of occurrence of extreme events will be shown on maps. Conditional probabilities of occurrence of studied events will be considered for variety of occurrence scenarios, and results presented in the graphic form.

  19. Clinical babesiosis and molecular identification of Babesia canis and Babesia gibsoni infections in dogs from Serbia.

    PubMed

    Davitkov, Darko; Vucicevic, Milos; Stevanovic, Jevrosima; Krstic, Vanja; Tomanovic, Snezana; Glavinic, Uros; Stanimirovic, Zoran

    2015-06-01

    Canine babesiosis is a frequent and clinically significant tick-borne disease. Sixty symptomatic dogs with clinical findings compatible with babesiosis were included in this study conducted in Serbia. After clinical examination, blood samples were taken for microscopic examination, complete blood count (CBC), Canine SNAP 4Dx Test, DNA analyses and sequencing. The main clinical signs included apathy, anorexia, fever, brown/red discoloration of urine, pale mucous membranes, icterus, splenomegaly, and vomiting. The main clinicopathological findings in Babesia infections were a slight to severe thrombocytopenia and a mild to very severe normocytic normochromic anaemia. Microscopic evaluation revealed 58 positive samples with the presence of large and small intraerythrocytic piroplasms in 57 and 1 sample(s), respectively. No co-infections were found using SNAP test. Two Babesia species, B. canis (58/60) and B. gibsoni (2/60), were differentiated by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP). Species identification was further confirmed by sequencing PCR products of B. gibsoni samples and six randomly selected B. canis samples. All dogs were treated with imidocarb dipropionate (6.6 mg/kg of body weight), given intramuscularly twice at an interval of 14 days. This report presents the first molecular evidence of the occurrence of B. gibsoni and B. canis, confirmed by DNA sequencing, in sick dogs from Serbia. PMID:26051258

  20. [Radiation burden of patients in conventional diagnostic radiology: analysis of radiologic practice in Serbia].

    PubMed

    Ciraj-Bjelac, O F; Kovacevi?, M S; Kosuti?, D D; Stankovi?, S S

    2007-01-01

    X-rays are by far most significant contributor to total population dose from man-made sources of radiation. Diagnostic reference levels provide frameworks to reduce variability. The aim of this study is to establish, for the first time, a baseline for national diagnostic reference levels in Serbia for the most common X-ray examination types. Dose estimates are based on measurements of kerma-area product and Entrance surface air kerma for at least ten patients for each examination type, in each of 16 randomly selected hospitals in Serbia. Mean, median and third quartile values of patient doses are reported. Results have shown wide variation of mean hospital doses. Entrance surface doses were compared with previously published diagnostic reference levels. Doses for all studied examination types except chest radiography were within European DRL. The reasons for dose variation are discussed. The findings emphasize the importance of regular patient dose measurement to ensure that patient doses are kept as low as reasonable achievable. PMID:17988039

  1. Cigarette smoking and lung cancer trends in Serbia--a ten-year analysis.

    PubMed

    Pesut, Dragica; Basara, Hadzi-Zorica

    2006-01-01

    Cigarette smoking is the single most common cause of morbidity and mortality in the world, and the most important risk factor for developing lung cancer (LC). LC is the most frequent form of cancer in men worldwide. Almost half of the adult population in Serbia smokes. The aim of the study was to analyze the incidence rate (IR) and trend of LC in Serbia from 1994 to 2003, with special regard to tobacco smoking status (TSS). Referral annual reports of the Institute of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis on newly diagnosed cases of LC, categorized by sex and TSS, have been analyzed TSS included three categories: smokers, ex-smokers and non-smokers. LC IR showed an increasing tendency (RR: 0.2859) with 34/100,000 population in 2003, and significant differences among districts (6.3-39.1/100.000). Smokers, ex-smokers, and non-smokers account for 70.3%, 17% and 12.6%, respectively (p < 0.001). An increasing trend of female lung cancer was evident in all three categories, but the most remarkable in smokers. There is a clear and urgent need to inform the population on harmful effects of tobacco smoking on health and risks for lung cancer. PMID:17039903

  2. Treatment failure of pharyngeal gonorrhoea with internationally recommended first-line ceftriaxone verified in Slovenia, September 2011.

    PubMed

    Unemo, M; Golparian, D; Poto?nik, M; Jeverica, S

    2012-01-01

    We describe the second case in Europe of verified treatment failure of pharyngeal gonorrhoea, caused by an internationally occurring multidrug-resistant gonococcal clone, with recommended first-line ceftriaxone 250 mg in Slovenia. This is of grave concern since ceftriaxone is last remaining option for empirical treatment. Increased awareness of ceftriaxone failures, more frequent test-of-cure, strict adherence to regularly updated treatment guidelines, and thorough verification/falsification of suspected treatment failures are essential globally. New effective treatment options are imperative. PMID:22748003

  3. Final Treatment Center Project for Liquid and Wet Radioactive Waste in Slovakia

    SciTech Connect

    Kravarik, K.; Stubna, M.; Pekar, A.; Krajc, T.; Zatkulak, M.; Holicka, Z. [VUJE, Inc., Okruzna 5, 918 64 Trnava (Slovakia); Slezak, M. [SE - VYZ, 919 31 Jaslovske Bohunice (Slovakia)

    2006-07-01

    The Final Treatment Center (FTC) for Mochovce nuclear power plant (NPP) is designed for treatment and final conditioning of radioactive liquid and wet waste produced from plant operation. Mochovce NNP uses a Russian VVER-440 type reactor. Treated wastes comprise radioactive concentrates, spent resin and sludge. VUJE Inc. as an experienced company in field of treatment of radioactive waste in Slovakia has been chosen as main contractor for technological part of FTC. This paper describes the capacity, flow chart, overall waste flow and parameters of the main components in the FTC. The initial project was submitted for approval to the Slovak Electric plc. in 2003. The design and manufacture of main components were performed in 2004 and 2005. FTC construction work started early in 2004. Initial non-radioactive testing of the system is planned for summer 2006 and then radioactive tests are to be followed. A one-year trial operation of facility is planned for completion in 2007. SE - VYZ will be operates the FTC during trial operation and after its completion. SE - VYZ is subsidiary company of Slovak Electric plc. and it is responsible for treatment with radioactive waste and spent fuel in the Slovak republic. SE - VYZ has, besides of other significant experience with operation of Jaslovske Bohunice Treatment Centre. The overall capacity of the FTC is 870 m{sup 3}/year of concentrates and 40 m{sup 3}/year of spent resin and sludge. Bituminization and cementation were provided as main technologies for treatment of these wastes. Treatment of concentrate is performed by bituminization. Concentrate and bitumen are metered into a thin film evaporator with rotating wiping blades. Surplus water is evaporated and concentrate salts are embedded in bitumen. Bitumen product is discharged into 200 l steel drums. Spent resin and sludge are decanted, dried and mixed with bitumen. These mixtures are also discharged into 200 l steel drums. Drums are moved along bituminization line on a roller conveyor. After the drums cool, they are capped and removed from the conveyor and placed in a storage hall. Drums with bitumen product are loaded into Fiber Reinforced Concrete containers (FRC) and grouted with cement. Cement grout is prepared from mixture of cement, additive and radioactive concentrates. By formulating the cement grout with evaporator concentrates the maximum radioactivity is fixed in cement matrix and volume of final waste product is minimized. A batch mixer with rotating blades is used produce the cement grout. FRCs loaded with bitumen drums are placed on roller conveyor and moved along the cementation line. Grouted FRCs are stored in the expedition hall for 28 days of curing and then transported to final disposal. After placed in operation the FTC provides treatment for all liquid and wet LLW produced from the operation of the Mochovce NPP. The final product of the FTC is a FRC loaded with 7 drums of waste fixed in bitumen and the space between the drums is grouted with cement. This container meets all limits for final disposal in the National Radioactive Waste Repository at Mochovce. (authors)

  4. Assessment of the aquatic habitat quality of the mountain streams in Eastern Slovakia by bioindication

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jalcovikova, Monika; Skrovinova, Marcela; Stankoci, Ivan; Bajtek, Zbynek

    2010-05-01

    In 2008 was implemented topographical and ichtyological research on the chosen streams on the east of Slovakia. For hydraulic modeling was used RHABSIM model which is component of the IFIM (Instream Flow Incremental Methodology). IFIM is an interdisciplinary decision-making system, which has arisen as a result of the knowledge that most fish species prefer certain combinations of water depths, flow velocities, hiding places and materials of a riverbed. The research was aimed at the relationship between the quantitative parameters of ichthyofauna as a bioindicator and the ratio of habitat suitability. In the IFIM methodology the relationship between abiotic and biotic characteristics is represented by the habitat suitability curves of various fish species. Fish are the best bioindicators that most sensitively indicate the quality of a stream microhabitat. The habitat suitability curves of particular fish species are determined for the two most important abiotic characteristics - flow velocity and water depth. From our research, it follows that the technique of processing for the habitat suitability curve is a very important factor that significantly influences the whole process of habitat modeling. The assessment of the habitat quality proves the appropriate input for water-management planning and decision-making, e.g. determination of the minimal (ecological) flow, river restoration planning, or the assessment of the river regulation influence on the quality and quantity of its biological guilds. It can also be used as a substitute of the ichthyofauna biodiversity assessment. These models provide a basic overview of time and spatial interaction of physical and biological components of the river system. This methodology can even be used for modeling the unaffected character of stream according to the EU framework directive 2000/60/EC. Modeling of the aquatic habitat quality using the RHABSIM model requires the simulation of the velocity field verified for two water levels at least. Velocity field in particular cross-section was measured by hydrometrics. The Weighted Usable Area (WUA) is the final outcome of the IFIM. It is a direct function of a discharge, and it represents the suitability of the whole study area divided into the microhabitat level. From the shape of the WUA is possible to read minimal flow of the channel section of the stream. Minimal flow was assessed based on the knowledge about flow impact on the biological environment of the stream. These information was characterized by relationship between fish population and their habitat. Minimal flow, as well as the river topography, counts among the basic abiotic characteristics of the streams habitat, which are determinant for the preservation of the optimal aquatic biota. This work was supported by the Slovak Research and Development Agency under the contract No. LPP-0319-09 and APVV 0335-06 and the Scientific Grant Agency of the Ministry of Education of the Slovak Republic and the Slovak Academy of Sciences, Grant No. 1/0585/08.

  5. PCDD, PCDF, PCB and PBDE concentrations in breast milk of mothers residing in selected areas of Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Chovancová, Jana; ?onka, Kamil; Ko?an, Anton; Sejáková, Zuzana Stachová

    2011-05-01

    The concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs) and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs) in 33 breast milk samples collected in 2006-2007 from primipara mothers close to four industrial areas of Slovak Republic were determined. The total PCDDs/PCDFs and dl-PCBs expressed as TEQ based on WHO TEFs 1998 in breast milk samples varied from 5.0 to 51.8 pg g(-1) fat (median: 13.1 pg g(-1) fat; mean: 18.0 pg g(-1) fat). The measurements of seven PBDE congeners (IUPAC No. 28, 47, 99, 100, 153, 154, and 183) were performed for the first time in human milk from Slovakia. PBDE levels ranged between 0.22 and 1.62 ng g(-1) fat, with median and mean value of 0.43 ng g(-1) fat and 0.57 ng g(-1) fat respectively. No statistically significant differences were observed between studied areas in total PBDE concentrations. Furthermore, this study presents first results concerning the daily intake (DI) of PCDDs/PCDFs and dioxin-like compounds for the most vulnerable breast-fed infant population in Slovakia. The total PCDD/PCDF and dl-PCB DI for an infant during the first 2 months of life was estimated in a range from 14.4 to 230 pg TEQ kg(-1)b.w., with a median value of 58.9 pg TEQ kg(-1)b.w.. The DI values substantially exceeded the tolerable daily intake (TDI) 1-4 pg TEQ kg(-1)b.w. recommended by WHO. The dietary infant intake concerning PBDEs was estimated to be between 0.69 and 7.1 ng kg(-1)b.w.d(-1), with median value of 1.7 ng kg(-1)b.w.d(-1). PMID:21474162

  6. Assessing pollution in the Danube River near Novi Sad (Serbia) using several biomarkers in sterlet ( Acipenser ruthenus L.)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Bojana Stanic; Nebojsa Andric; Sonja Zoric; Gordana Grubor-Lajsic; Radmila Kovacevic

    2006-01-01

    The response of wild fish to pollutants was studied in sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus L.) collected in 2001 and 2002 at two sampling sites in the Danube River near Novi Sad (Serbia): in the vicinity of the oil refinery and at the Danube–Begec, remote from the oil refinery and considered a reference site. The following biomarkers were measured in sterlet collected

  7. An application of DEA for comparative analysis and ranking of regions in Serbia with regards to social-economic development

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Milan Martic; Gordana Savic

    2001-01-01

    In this paper, we use data envelopment analysis (DEA) to estimate how well regions in Serbia utilize their resources. Based on data for four inputs and four outputs we applied an output-oriented CCR DEA model and it appears that 17 out of 30 regions are efficient. For each inefficient unit, DEA identifies the sources and level of inefficiency for each

  8. Cross-sectional survey on Toxoplasma gondii infection in cattle, sheep and pigs in Serbia: Seroprevalence and risk factors

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivana Klun; Olgica Djurkovi?-Djakovi?; Sofija Kati?-Radivojevi?; Aleksandra Nikoli?

    2006-01-01

    Toxoplasmosis is a globally distributed zoonosis with a clinical impact in the unborn fetus and in the immunosuppressed individual. In Serbia, studies of risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans have shown that the relatively high prevalence is associated mainly with consumption of undercooked meat and\\/or meat products. However, data on T. gondii infection in domestic animals mostly used

  9. Parasitism of the horse chestnut leaf miner, Cameraria ohridella Deschka and Dimic (Lep., Gracillariidae), in Serbia and Macedonia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    W. Heitland; I. Tosevski

    2002-01-01

    A study concerning the parasitism of Cameraria ohridella, a pest of Aesculus hippocastanum invading Europe, has been carried out in Serbia and Macedonia in 1998 and 1999. From C. ohridella 14 species of parasitoids were reared, which are polyphagous and occur in the whole of Europe. Twelve of the species found belong to the Chalcidoidean family Eulophidae. The rates of

  10. 1 Argentina 5 35 Italy 3 69 Serbia 2 2 Armenia 3 36 Jamaica 1 70 Singapore 3

    E-print Network

    Collins, Gary S.

    STUDENTS 1 Argentina 5 35 Italy 3 69 Serbia 2 2 Armenia 3 36 Jamaica 1 70 Singapore 3 3 Australia 8 ............................................ 138 TOTAL 1153 Intensive American ACADEMIC LEVELS (STUDENTS) Language Center Graduate University INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS Fall 2007 International Student/Scholar Statistics - All Visa Types, All

  11. Concentration and characteristics of depleted uranium in water, air and biological samples collected in Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Guogang Jia; Maria Belli; Umberto Sansone; Silvia Rosamilia; Stefania Gaudino

    2005-01-01

    During the Balkan conflicts, in 1995 and 1999, depleted uranium (DU) rounds were employed and were left in the battlefield. Health concern is related to the risk arising from contamination of the environment with DU penetrators and dust. In order to evaluate the impact of DU on the environment and population in Serbia and Montenegro, radiological surveys of DU in

  12. The diffusion of computer-based information technology into health institutions of Republic of Serbia (FR Yugoslavia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Snežana Simi?; Jelena Marinkovi?; Vesna Bjegovi?; Dejana Stanisavljevi?

    1996-01-01

    The basic purpose of this study was to analyze the diffusion of computer-based information technology into the health care institutions of the Republic of Serbia in the year 1994, and to compare the results with a similar investigation in 1992 in order to determine the state and progress of its development. The instrument of investigation was a questionnaire with 24

  13. Digital structural interpretation of mountain-scale photogrammetric 3D models (Kamnik Alps, Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Dolžan, Erazem; Vrabec, Marko

    2015-04-01

    From the earliest days of geological science, mountainous terrains with their extreme topographic relief and sparse to non-existent vegetation were utilized to a great advantage for gaining 3D insight into geological structure. But whereas Alpine vistas may offer perfect panoramic views of geology, the steep mountain slopes and vertical cliffs make it very time-consuming and difficult (if not impossible) to acquire quantitative mapping data such as precisely georeferenced traces of geological boundaries and attitudes of structural planes. We faced this problem in mapping the central Kamnik Alps of northern Slovenia, which are built up from Mid to Late Triassic succession of carbonate rocks. Polyphase brittle tectonic evolution, monotonous lithology and the presence of temporally and spatially irregular facies boundary between bedded platform carbonates and massive reef limestones considerably complicate the structural interpretation of otherwise perfectly exposed, but hardly accessible massif. We used Agisoft Photoscan Structure-from-Motion photogrammetric software to process a series of overlapping high-resolution (~0.25 m ground resolution) vertical aerial photographs originally acquired by the Geodetic Authority of the Republic of Slovenia for surveying purposes, to derive very detailed 3D triangular mesh models of terrain and associated photographic textures. Phototextures are crucial for geological interpretation of the models as they provide additional levels of detail and lithological information which is not resolvable from geometrical mesh models alone. We then exported the models to Paradigm Gocad software to refine and optimize the meshing. Structural interpretation of the models, including mapping of traces and surfaces of faults and stratigraphic boundaries and determining dips of structural planes, was performed in MVE Move suite which offers a range of useful tools for digital mapping and interpretation. Photogrammetric model was complemented by georeferenced geological field data acquired along mountain trail transects, mainly using the MVE Field Move software application. In our experience, vertical aerophotos were sufficient to generate precise surface models in all but the steepest mountain cliffs. Therefore, using existing vertical photoimagery (where available) is a very cost-effective alternative to organizing shooting campaigns with rented aircraft. For handling reasonably large models (cca 3 x 3 km, up to 10 million triangles), a low-end computer workstation with mid-range professional 3D graphic card is sufficient. The biggest bottleneck is the photogrammetric processing step which is time-consuming (10s of hrs) and has large RAM requirements, although those can be offset by dividing models into smaller parts. The major problem with geological modeling software like Gocad or Move is that it at present does not handle well projecting of phototextures. Whereas Photoscan-generated orthophotos can be vertically projected onto mesh models, this results in unacceptable distortions and gaps in subvertical or overhanging parts of the mountain cliff models. A real 3D UV texture mapping method, such as implemented in Photoscan, would be required to realistically model such areas. This limitations notwithstanding, digital geological mapping of photogrammetric models of mountains is a very promising, cost- and time-effective method for rapid structural interpretation and mapping of barren mountainous terrains, particularly when it is complemented by field measurements and observations.

  14. Epidemiology of invasive meningococcal infections of children in Slovenia during 1993-1999.

    PubMed

    Paragi, M; Kraigher, A; Cizman, M; Gubina, M; Caugant, D A

    2001-05-01

    Invasive strains of Neisseria meningitidis isolated from sterile body fluids of children aged 0-14 years were intentionally collected in nine Slovenian laboratories, and sent to the laboratory of the National Institute of Public Health, Ljubljana for final evaluation. From 1993-1999 we collected 53 invasive strains from children presented in this study. The incidence rate of invasive diseases in children shows that there is a rapid fall from 4.74/100,000 in 1993 to 0.90/100,000 in 1999. Invasive diseases predominated in children in the age group 0-1 year (19.6 cases per 100,000 children); followed by the age groups 2-4 years, 5-9 years and 10-14 years. The results of serogrouping indicate that the largest proportion of meningococci isolated (90%) were group B, while 8% of isolates were group C and only 2% group Y. The serotype/serosubtype distribution shows that the most frequent serotype (excluding 19 non-typable NT strains) was serotype 22, which was expressed in 9 strains and the most frequent serosubtype (excluding 11 NST strains) was P1.5,2 found in 7 strains. The most frequently isolated strains (excluding NT/NST strains) were B:22:P1.14; B:NT:P1.5 and B:NT:P1.16. Thirty-one strains collected during 1993-1995 were analysed by multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MEE). There were 25 electrophoretic types (ETs) among 31 strains; the strains were very heterogeneous with only four ETs being represented by more than one strain. Study shows that meningococcal disease is still endemic in Slovenia. PMID:11503279

  15. Ability to Work and Employability of Patients in Opioid Substitution Treatment Programs in Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    Bilban, Marjan; Kasteli?, Andrej; Zaletel-Kragelj, Lijana

    2008-01-01

    Aim To assess the ability to work and employability of individuals taking part in opioid substitution treatment programs (OSTP). Methods The study was composed of two surveys. In the first survey, 237 of 480 patients enrolled in OSTP responded to the questionnaire about their employment status, opinion about employment, and perception of assignments before and during OSTP. In the second survey, 66 of 100 employers responded to the questionnaire on the occurrence, perception, and management of addiction problems in their companies. Results Unemployment rate in individuals enrolled in OSTP was 43.5% and decreased during OSTP by 10.5% (P?=?0.027). Irregular use of OSTP medications was the most important factor for unemployment (odds ratio, 2.44; P?=?0.016). OSTP was highly effective in achieving a positive change in patients’ perception of different kinds of assignments previously perceived as beyond their abilities. Thus, perception of mentally demanding assignments (P?Slovenia was effective in increasing both employability and OSTP patients’ ability to work. To facilitate complete rehabilitation, particularly in obtaining employment for the patients, the process must involve the society as a whole. PMID:19090610

  16. Drought vulnerability assessment for the agriculture: a case study for the west part of Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Slejko, M.; Gregori?, G.; Bergant, K.

    2009-04-01

    One of the main aspects of drought adaptation and planning is the assessment of vulnerability. Since agriculture is the primary sector affected by drought and is directly dependent on water availability, we have started with a pilot project in an important agricultural area in the west part of Slovenia. The project is a part of the activities of the Drought Management Centre for Southeastern Europe - DMCSEE. Drought in this area often results in significant economic, environmental, and social impacts. The significance of the impacts of drought on the agricultural sector is assessed taking into account the severity of the drought (magnitude and duration of the drought episode) and the vulnerability of the agricultural system. For that purpose we have developed a general method which can be used as a preliminary tool for assessing drought vulnerability in agriculture and that could be applied on the entire Southeastern Europe region. The approach was based on impact assessment and vulnerability model supported by geographic information system (GIS) software. We found out that factors influencing drought vulnerability were numerous, and the model application might depend on data availability. We have used appropriate and available digital data layers for climate, pedology, solar radiation, land use, irrigation infrastructure and other factors. The final product is a categorical map of agricultural drought vulnerability for the study area, which synthesizes a variety of data and serves as an indicator of areas deserving a detailed drought risk evaluation. It could aid regional decision makers in identifying appropriate mitigation and adaptation actions before the next drought event, lessen impacts of that event and allow sustainable development of the sector.

  17. Prevalence of antibodies against Leptospira sp. in snakes, lizards and turtles in Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Leptospiral infections in poikilothermic (cold blooded) animals have received very little attention and the literature concerning natural infections of these animals is limited. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of leptospiral antibodies in reptiles, imported into Slovenia and intended to be pets in close contact with humans. A total of 297 reptiles (22 snakes, 210 lizards and 65 turtles) were tested for specific antibodies against serovars of Leptospira interrogans sensu stricto using the microscopic agglutination test (MAT). Live cultures of different serovars were used as antigens. MAT was performed according to standard procedures and the degree of reaction was interpreted by estimating the percentage of agglutinated leptospires. Samples showing titres of???50 against one or more serovars were considered as positive. Results Antibodies against seven pathogenic serovars of L. interrogans sensu stricto were detected in 46 of 297 reptiles. Among 22 snakes, specific antibodies against pathogenic serovars of three Leptospira species (L. interrogans, L. kirschneri and L. borgpetersenii) at titre levels from 1:50 to 1:400 were detected in 6 snakes. In 31 of 210 lizards, specific antibodies were found in titres from 1:50 to 1:1000 and, finally, among 65 turtles (terrapins and tortoises), 9 had specific antibodies at titre levels between 1:50 and 1:1600. Animals imported from non-EU countries showed significantly higher prevalence (25.0%; 95 confidence interval: 16.7–33.3%) than animals from EU member states (10.4%; confidence interval: 6.1–14.7%). Conclusions Reptiles may be considered as potential reservoirs of L. interrogans sensu stricto. Origin of the animals is a risk factor for presence of leptospiral antibodies, especially in lizards. Special attention should be focused on animals from non-EU member states. PMID:24020619

  18. Basal cell carcinoma at the university dermatovenerological clinic of ljubljana, slovenia.

    PubMed

    Planinšek Ru?igaj, Tanja; Janeži?, Kristina; Lipozen?i?, Jasna

    2015-04-01

    Non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) is the most common of all cancers. BCC represents about 80% of all NMSC thus making it the most common malignancy in the fair skinned population (1). It is more common than all other human malignancies combined (2,3). Incidence of NMSC has been increasing over the past several decades, with an estimated 2.1 million new patients treated in the US in 2006 (2) thus representing an enormous medical and financial burden. Known risk factors include chronic and intense ultraviolet (UV) light exposure as well as phenotypic characteristics, such as light complexion (4). Common sites are regions that are chronically exposed to sun such as the head, scalp and neck. BCC is usually not included in cancer registries, which makes estimating the actual prevalence and incidence difficult. In certain regions of Australia an incidence of as high as 2% per year has been reported (5). A cross-sectional study recently found that the worldwide incidence of BCC varies widely with incidence rates as high as >1000/100 000 person-years in Australia and <1/100 000 person-years in parts of Africa (6). The incidence of BCC continues to increase significantly worldwide (7,8,9). The incidence also increases with age. The increased incidence and prevalence can also be attributed to an increased awareness about the disease both among the public and medical practicioners, as well as better access to medical services. Despite its prevalence, BCC is not often a cause of mortality since it rarely metastasizes. Instead, BCC invades and destroys local tissue, sometimes leading to disfiguring lesions, significant morbidity, and a need for complex surgery (10). There are different treatment options depending on the location and extent of the disease. The standard treatment is surgical removal with a variable margin of clinically uninvolved surrounding skin (11). Surgery is performed by plastic surgeons or surgeons of appropriate subspecialities according to the location of the lesion. Dermatosurgeons play an important role in the surgical treatment of BCC. Cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy, radiotherapy, and imiquimod are also used. Recently, molecules targeting the hedgehog signaling pathway have emerged as a possible treatment (10). So far, there have been no studies on BCC in Slovenia. We thought there was a need to conduct a study to have a look at BCC within our own communities. The data used were from DCL, which is the main dermatological tertiary institution in Slovenia. DCL also has a strong outpatient general dermatology department where patients with BCC are diagnosed and sometimes treated with cryotherapy or imiquimod cream. Patients are sent to the Department of Plastic Surgery or to other surgical specialists for excision. The DCL also has a dermatosurgical department which has been seeing more and more patients in recent years. The aim of this study was to obtain statistical data about the population treated for BCC in Slovenia, the type and location of BCC, and the types of treatment used. Data for all patients treated at the DCL are entered in an administrative hospital program, "Hipokrat". The data include a descriptive diagnosis. We wanted to retrospectively examine data for a period of 12 months. The search criterion was the diagnosis of "epithelioma" in the period between January 1 and December 31, 2010. We then reviewed the files and selected only those patients that had BCC diagnosed during that time period. We included only those patients where the pathohistological report confirmed the presence of BCC or where the dermatologist made a clinical diagnosis and treated the patient with some form of local treatment. The patient parameters included gender, age, and the speciality of the doctor who referred the patients. We decided to classify the age of patients into the following groups: 30 years old or less, 31-40, 41-50, 51-60, 61-70, 71-80, 81 and older. We included data on any previous treatment. We analyzed the approach in the dermatology office, namely the use of dermoscopy and ta

  19. A review of the potential and actual sources of pollution to groundwater in selected karst areas in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Kova?i?, G.; Ravbar, N.

    2005-02-01

    Slovenian karst areas extend over 43% of the country; limestones and dolomites of the Mesozoic era prevail. In Slovenia karst groundwater contributes up to 50% of the total drinking water supply. The quality of water is very high, despite the fact that it is extremely vulnerable to pollution. The present article is a study and a review of the potential and actual sources of pollution to the groundwater in the selected karst aquifers (the Kras, Velika planina and Snežnik plateaus), which differ in their natural characteristics. Unlike the other selected plateaus, the Kras plateau is inhabited. There are several settlements in the area and the industrial, agricultural and traffic activities carried out that represent a serious threat to the quality of karst groundwater. The Velika planina and Snežnik plateaus do not have permanent residents, however there are some serious hazards to the quality of the karst springs arising from sports, tourist, construction and farming activities, as well as from the traffic related to them. Despite relatively favourable conditions for protection, many important karst aquifers and springs are improperly protected in Slovenia. The reason is the lack of knowledge about sustainable water management in karst regions and the confusion in drinking water protection policy.

  20. Early Warning System for reducing disaster risk: the technological platform DEWETRA for the Republic of Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Massabo, Marco; Molini, Luca; Kostic, Bojan; Campanella, Paolo; Stevanovic, Slavimir

    2015-04-01

    Disaster risk reduction has long been recognized for its role in mitigating the negative environmental, social and economic impacts of natural hazards. Flood Early Warning System is a disaster risk reduction measure based on the capacities of institutions to observe and predict extreme hydro-meteorological events and to disseminate timely and meaningful warning information; it is furthermore based on the capacities of individuals, communities and organizations to prepare and to act appropriately and in sufficient time to reduce the possibility of harm or loss. An operational definition of an Early Warning System has been suggested by ISDR - UN Office for DRR [15 January 2009]: "EWS is the set of capacities needed to generate and disseminate timely and meaningful warning information to enable individuals, communities and organizations threatened by a hazard to prepare and to act appropriately and in sufficient time to reduce the possibility of harm or loss.". ISDR continues by commenting that a people-centered early warning system necessarily comprises four key elements: 1-knowledge of the risks; 2-monitoring, analysis and forecasting of the hazards; 3-communication or dissemination of alerts and warnings; and 4- local capabilities to respond to the warnings received." The technological platform DEWETRA supports the strengthening of the first three key elements of EWS suggested by ISDR definition, hence to improve the capacities to build real-time risk scenarios and to inform and warn the population in advance The technological platform DEWETRA has been implemented for the Republic of Serbia. DEWETRA is a real time-integrate system that supports decision makers for risk forecasting and monitoring and for distributing warnings to end-user and to the general public. The system is based on the rapid availability of different data that helps to establish up-to-date and reliable risk scenarios. The integration of all relevant data for risk management significantly increases the value of available information and the level of knowledge of forecasters and disaster managers. Different data, forecast and monitoring products, which are generated by different national and international institution and organizations, can be visualized and processed in real-time within the platform. DEWETRA is a web application ensuring the capillary distribution of information among institutions. The system is used as an infrastructure for exchanging and sharing data, procedures, models and expertise among the Sector of Emergency Management (SEM), the Republic Hydro-Meteorological Service of Serbia (RHMSS) and the Serbian Public Water Companies (PWCs): Serbia Waters, Vojvodina Waters and Belgrade Waters.

  1. Heavy metal content in the femora of yellow-necked mouse ( Apodemus flavicollis ) and wood mouse ( Apodemus sylvaticus ) from different types of polluted environment in Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Monika Martiniaková; Radoslav Omelka; Robert Stawarz; Grzegorz Formicki

    2010-01-01

    Heavy metal content in the femora of yellow-necked mouse (Apodemus flavicollis) and wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) caught in different polluted biotopes of a low hill level in Slovakia (Nováky and Kolín?any) was investigated in the present\\u000a study. Length, weight and histological structure of mouse bones have also been analysed. According to our results, higher\\u000a concentrations of Cd, Ni, Fe, Cu

  2. Early Variscan magmatism in the Western Carpathians: U–Pb zircon data from granitoids and orthogneisses of the Tatra Mountains (Slovakia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    U. Poller; M. Janák; M. Kohút; W. Todt

    2000-01-01

    This study presents the first U–Pb zircon data on granitoid basement rocks of the Tatra Mountains, part of the Western Carpathians\\u000a (Slovakia). The Western Carpathians belong to the Alpine Carpathian belt and constitute the eastern continuation of the Variscides.\\u000a The new age data thus provide important time constraints for the regional geology of the Carpathians as well as for their

  3. Sources of M w 5+ earthquakes in northeastern Italy and western Slovenia: An updated view based on geological and seismological evidence

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pierfrancesco Burrato; Maria Eliana Poli; Paola Vannoli; Adriano Zanferrari; Roberto Basili; Fabrizio Galadini

    2008-01-01

    We present an overview of the seismogenic sources of northeastern Italy and western Slovenia, included in the last version of the Database of Individual Seismogenic Sources (DISS 3.0.2) and a new definition of the geometry of the Montello Source that will be included in the next release of the database. The seismogenic sources included in DISS are active faults capable

  4. STRESS BURDEN IN WOMEN IN REPRODUCTIVE AGE IN SLOVENIA - SOME CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCES BREME STRESA PRI ŽENSKAH V RODNEM OBDOBJU V SLOVENIJI - NEKATERI VZROKI IN POSLEDICE

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Majda Pahor; Lijana Zaletel-Kragelj

    Background Stress is one of basic risk factors influencing different health states, including reproductive health of women. The study was aimed at measuring the level of stress in different groups of women in order to identify high-risk groups for stress and relate them to birth rate dynamics in Slovenia. Methods The data originate from the national health behaviour database in

  5. The invasion history, distribution and colour pattern forms of the harlequin ladybird beetle Harmonia axyridis (Pall.) (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in Slovakia, Central Europe

    PubMed Central

    Panigaj, ?ubomír; Zach, Peter; Hon?k, Alois; Nedv?d, Old?ich; Kulfan, Ján; Martinková, Zdenka; Selyemová, Diana; Viglášová, Sandra; Roy, Helen E.

    2014-01-01

    Abstract The harlequin ladybird beetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) has invaded and established in Slovakia. Following unintentional introduction in 2008, the spread of the alien coccinellid was very fast. By the end of 2009, it was recorded across the whole country, and by the end of 2012 it was widely distributed and common in various habitats, particularly gardens, orchards and urban areas, where it was most frequent on trees. The rate of eastward spread was approximately 200 km year-1, similar to the overall rate of spread in Europe. Between 2008 and 2012, the coccinellid was recorded in a total of 153 localities, in altitudes ranging from 98 to 1,250 m. Most records of this species were made in lowlands, hilly areas and valleys separating mountain ridges. However, it was only rarely documented in areas above 700 m a.s.l. The non-melanic colour form (f. succinea) was dominant along a longitudinal transect including eight urban areas across Slovakia, with the frequency of melanic forms (f. spectabilis and f. conspicua together) between 6.3 and 19.2% and a median equal to 10.5%. The invasion history and distribution of H. axyridis in Slovakia are discussed with regard to the time sequence of records, rate of spread, altitudinal distribution, anthropogenic dispersal, effective recording, proportion of melanic forms and other relevant aspects associated with the spread of this successful invader. PMID:24899863

  6. The invasion history, distribution and colour pattern forms of the harlequin ladybird beetle Harmonia axyridis (Pall.) (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) in Slovakia, Central Europe.

    PubMed

    Panigaj, Lubomír; Zach, Peter; Hon?k, Alois; Nedv?d, Old?ich; Kulfan, Ján; Martinková, Zdenka; Selyemová, Diana; Viglášová, Sandra; Roy, Helen E

    2014-01-01

    The harlequin ladybird beetle Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae) has invaded and established in Slovakia. Following unintentional introduction in 2008, the spread of the alien coccinellid was very fast. By the end of 2009, it was recorded across the whole country, and by the end of 2012 it was widely distributed and common in various habitats, particularly gardens, orchards and urban areas, where it was most frequent on trees. The rate of eastward spread was approximately 200 km year(-1), similar to the overall rate of spread in Europe. Between 2008 and 2012, the coccinellid was recorded in a total of 153 localities, in altitudes ranging from 98 to 1,250 m. Most records of this species were made in lowlands, hilly areas and valleys separating mountain ridges. However, it was only rarely documented in areas above 700 m a.s.l. The non-melanic colour form (f. succinea) was dominant along a longitudinal transect including eight urban areas across Slovakia, with the frequency of melanic forms (f. spectabilis and f. conspicua together) between 6.3 and 19.2% and a median equal to 10.5%. The invasion history and distribution of H. axyridis in Slovakia are discussed with regard to the time sequence of records, rate of spread, altitudinal distribution, anthropogenic dispersal, effective recording, proportion of melanic forms and other relevant aspects associated with the spread of this successful invader. PMID:24899863

  7. The response of Corylus avellana L. phenology to rising temperature in north-eastern Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    ?repinšek, Zalika; Štampar, Franci; Kajfež-Bogataj, Lu?ka; Solar, Anita

    2012-07-01

    Knowledge of plant-weather relationships can improve crop management, resulting in higher quality and more stable crop yields. The annual timing of spring phenophases in mid-latitudes is largely a response to temperature, and reflects the thermal conditions of previous months. The effect of air temperature on the variability of hazelnut ( Corylus avellana L.) phenophases (leafing, flowering) was investigated. Meteorological and phenological data for five cultivars were analysed over the periods 1969-1979 (P1) and 1994-2007 (P2) in Maribor, Slovenia. Phenological data series were correlated strongly to the temperature of the preceding months ( R 2: 0.64-0.98) and better correlated to daily maximum and mean temperatures than to daily minimum temperatures. About 75% of phenophases displayed a tendency towards earlier appearance and a shorter flowering duration during P2, which could be explained by the significant temperature changes (+0.3°C/decade) from December to April between 1969 and 2007. An increase in air temperature of 1°C caused an acceleration in leafing by 2.5-3.9 days, with flowering showing higher sensitivity since a 1°C increase promoted male flowering by 7.0-8.8 days and female flowering by 6.3-8.9 days. The average rate of phenological change per degree of warming (days earlier per +1°C) did not differ significantly between P1 and P2. An estimation of chilling accumulation under field conditions during 1993-2009, between 1 November and 28 February, showed that all four of these months contributed approximately similar amounts of accumulated chilling units. The growing degree days (GDD) to flowering were calculated by an estimated base temperature of 2°C and 1 January as a starting date, given the most accurate calculations. In general, thermal requirements were greater in P2 than in P1, although this difference was not significant. Longer-time series data extended to other agricultural and wild plants would be helpful in tracking possible future changes in phenological responses to local climate.

  8. Drainage efficiency of large dowels as a stabilising measure, case study of Slano Blato landslide (Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Askarinejad, Amin; Molinari, Orlando; Macek, Matej; Petkovsek, Ana; Springman, Sarah

    2013-04-01

    The Slano Blato landslide, with a volume of more than 1 million m3, is one of the largest landslides in Slovenia. The sliding mass consists mainly of clay and clayey gravel of highly weathered and deteriorated flysch type clastic soft rocks, while a minor part represents grains of limestones. Large movements were firstly scientifically reported in 1789 by B. Hacquet followed by the catastrophic events in 1888 and 1902. The landslide was stabilised through extensive remediation measures approximately 100 years ago. The landslide was reactivated again in November 2000, after an intense rainfall event. The upper part of the landslide was stabilized by a curved row of large hollow dowels (6 to 8 m in diameter and ~20 m deep), which were designed to fulfil both retaining and the drainage requirements. Draining the sliding material will have two effects, i) decreasing the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity of the slope and ii) increasing the effective stress and shear strength of the sliding material. The drainage efficiency of the installed dowels is examined analytically and numerically. The analytical calculation is performed under simplified assumptions according to the classical theory of Dupuit and Thiem. Comparison between these results and limited insitu measurements implies that the amount of water discharge into the dowels and the groundwater drawdown can be fairly well determined using a simplified 3D analytical model. The numerical calculations were conducted using the finite element program PLAXIS under different steady state and transient scenarios. Results are compared with a case of 'no drainage' to capture the extent of drainage upslope and downslope. These simulations show that the installation of the dowels leads to successful drainage of the slope at least to a radius of 40 m. The pattern of potential lines of the flow net in the slope, derived from the 3D analytical models, shows that the row of dowels can be replaced by a 2D plane flow trench drain with equivalent hydraulic properties. This observation is valid due to the small spacing between the dowels and is supported by the agreement between the results of 2D plane flow analyses and the insitu measurements of the discharge into the dowels and water table drawdown. However, it should be noted that analytical and numerical results include significant simplifications in the soil models and boundary conditions. For example, assuming uniform hydraulic properties for the materials might have important effects, especially in the case of the Slano Blato landslide, as flysch bedrock exhibits significant heterogeneous hydro-mechanical features. Accordingly, models need to be calibrated further based on a denser network of insitu measurements.

  9. Development of soil quality along a chronosequence under natural succession in the Dragonja catchment, SW Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van Hall, Rutger; Cammeraat, Erik

    2015-04-01

    Agricultural fields have been increasingly abandoned in several regions in Southern Europe. In many cases this leads to natural vegetation succession which may have a direct impact on soil quality,biodiversity and hydrological connectivity. This research aims at getting insight on the effects of natural vegetation succession on the development of soil quality in the Sub-Mediterranean Dragonja catchment in SW Slovenia. This site was chosen due to its uniform geology, geomorphology and soil types. Four different stages of vegetation succession (i.e. field, abandoned field, young forest, semi-mature forest) were selected and sampled on both north-, and south-facing slopes, resulting in 8 treatments for which 6 representative sites were sampled. Samples were analysed on OC and TN content, EC, pH, bulk density, aggregate stability and grain size distribution. To get insight on the changes in biodiversity vegetation records were made distinguishing five different plant functional groups (i.e. juveniles, grasses, herbs, shrubs and trees). Age group (i.e. stage of vegetation succession) significantly influenced the OC and TN content, aggregate stability, bulk density and pH. Directly after abandonment, between age group 0 and 1, OC and TN content, aggregate stability and pH increased significantly and bulk density decreased significantly. OC content was most affected by age group and furthermore significantly correlated to TN content, aggregate stability, bulk density and pH. Regarding biodiversity, there was a significant increase in cover by trees between age group 1 and 2 and a significant decrease between age group 2 and 3. Cover by herbs decreased significantly between age group 1 and 2. The number of different trees and shrubs increased significantly between age group 0 and 1, and the number of different juveniles increased significantly between age group 2 and 3. Another factor significantly influencing the soil's quality is aspect. Although not found for each age group south-facing slopes generally had higher OC and TN content, and higher pH than north-facing slopes. On average OC content was 28% higher and TN content 25% higher on south facing slopes. Aspect did not have a significant influence on the biodiversity although on average vegetation cover is slightly (7%) higher and 16% mores species were found on north facing slopes.

  10. Multi-criterion water quality analysis of the Danube River in Serbia: A visualisation approach.

    PubMed

    Walker, David; Jakovljevi?, Dejana; Savi?, Dragan; Radovanovi?, Milan

    2015-08-01

    River quality analysis is an important activity which, in Serbia, has been performed using the Serbian Water Quality Index (SWQI). This is a measure based on a weighted aggregation of 10 water quality parameters. In this work, alternative methods drawing on visualisation approaches used in multi-criterion decision analysis are applied to the problem of evaluating river quality in the Danube. Two methods are considered: one which constructs a graph using the dominance relation combined with a further multi-criterion ranking method, average rank, and the other in which the dimensionality of the data is reduced using PCA for visualisation. Results for data collected in 2010 are analysed and compared with the corresponding SWQI values for the river in that year, and we find that by employing these methods it is possible to reveal more information within the data than is possible by using SWQI alone. PMID:25989325

  11. Developing a questionnaire for measuring safety climate in the workplace in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Milijic, Nenad; Mihajlovic, Ivan; Strbac, Nada; Zivkovic, Zivan

    2013-01-01

    This study was conducted because a real method for measuring safety climate had never been developed and assessed in Serbian industry. The aim of this paper was to start the process of developing a safety climate questionnaire that could be used in Serbia. As a starting point a 21-item questionnaire was adopted after an extensive literature review. The questionnaire was distributed at several Serbian factories; 1098 workers responded. After a statistical analysis of the data obtained with the questionnaire and a critical comparison with the available reference results, a final questionnaire with 21 questions, divided into 7 groups, was developed. The 7 groups of questions (factors) were safety awareness and competence, safety communication, organizational environment, management support, risk judgment and management reaction, safety precautions and accident prevention, and safety training. PMID:24321642

  12. Trends in combined climate indices in Serbia from 1961 to 2010

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Arsenovi?, Pavle; Toši?, Ivana; Unkaševi?, Miroslava

    2015-04-01

    In this study, trends of combined climate indices based on daily mean temperatures and precipitation were analysed. The combined indices Cold/Dry (CD), Cold/Wet (CW), Warm/Dry (WD) and Warm/Wet (WW) days were examined during the period 1961-2010 at seven stations distributed across Serbia. Decreasing tendencies of CD and CW and increasing tendencies of WD were observed during the winter, spring and summer. It was found that trends of all combined indices were insignificant during the autumn. The most significant trends of CD and WD were revealed for the summer season. The results showed that a negative correlation existed between the East Atlantic pattern and CD and CW, but that a positive correlation existed for WD for all seasons. The North Atlantic Oscillation dominated during the winter, and the East Atlantic/West Russia pattern governed during the autumn.

  13. Sinergasilus polycolpus, a new copepod species in the ichthyoparasitofauna of Serbia and Montenegro.

    PubMed

    Cakic, P; Lenhardt, M; Kolarevic, J

    2004-03-10

    The parasitic copepod Sinergasilus polycolpus was identified on the gills of bighead carp Aristichthys nobilis from 2 localities (Kladovo and Slankamen) in the Serbian part of the River Danube. This parasite is species-specific for 2 Chinese carp, the bighead carp and the silver carp Hypophthalmichthys molitrix. It was accidentally introduced into Serbia and Montenegro together with fry of these herbivorous carp intended for aquaculture and control of phytoplankton blooms. There is no record in the available literature of this parasite for European freshwaters. Our identification of S. polycolpus signals the possible spread of the infectious disease sinergasilosis in natural freshwaters and in fishponds, similar to bothriocephalosis, caused by Bothriocephalus opsariichthydis, which was introduced with the fry of various herbivorous species from the Amour River basin (USSR) into almost all countries throughout the world. PMID:15109152

  14. Use of enzymatic tools for biomonitoring inorganic pollution in aquatic sediments: a case study (Bor, Serbia)

    PubMed Central

    2013-01-01

    Background Sediment bacterial communities are key players in biogeochemical cycling of elements in the aquatic environment. Copper mining, smelting, and processing operations located in Bor area (Serbia) are major environmental hot spots in the lower Danube Basin and Western Balkans. In the present study, we evaluate the influence of trace element (TE) concentration in sediments and physico-chemical properties of water on sediment microbial communities in water streams adjacent to the Copper Smelter Complex Bor (RTB Bor, Serbia). The degree to which metabolic activities of bacterial biota inhabiting differently polluted sites is inhibited by inorganic pollution were compared using selected enzymatic bioindicators. Results Cu, Zn, Pb, and As concentrations systematically exceeded the target values for metal loadings in aquatic sediments. Water electrical conductivity (WEC) followed the same pattern of spatial variation, irrespective of season. Interestingly, the most intense enzymatic activity occurred at the reference site although this site showed the greatest TE levels in aquatic sediments. Catalase activity (CA), potential dehydrogenase activity (PDA), actual dehydrogenase activity (ADA), urease activity (UA), and phosphatase activity (PA) in aquatic sediments displayed heterogeneous patterns of spatio-temporal variation. Inorganic pollution greatly affected CA, ADA, and PDA, but much less so UA and PA. Canonical correlation analysis showed that pH and WEC were the strongest determinants of enzymatic activity in bacterial biota, with the latter variable being reversely correlated with the enzymatic indicator of sediment quality (EISQ). The median values of EISQ increased with distance from the major sources of pollution. In addition, it was found that sites with different degrees of inorganic pollution can be appropriately classified by applying cluster analysis to EISQ, TE levels in sediments, and physico-chemical properties of water. Conclusions Because EISQ can precisely identify changes in overall enzymatic activity of sediment bacterial communities, this enzymatic bioindicator has a great potential for biomonitoring the current status of inorganic pollution in aquatic ecosystems. PMID:23536970

  15. Cystic echinococcosis in children - the seventeen-year experience of two large medical centers in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Djuricic, Slavisa M; Grebeldinger, Slobodan; Kafka, Dejan I; Djan, Igor; Vukadin, Miroslav; Vasiljevic, Zorica V

    2010-06-01

    Cystic echinococcosis (CE) is a public health problem in countries having such endemic areas. Epidemiological studies of CE, especially pediatric, are rare. The aim of this study was to evaluate epidemiological and clinical characteristics of CE in children in Serbia. Data were obtained retrospectively from the case records of patients under the age of 18 years admitted for surgical treatment of CE at two large pediatric medical institutions in the period 1990-2006. Patients' age, number of cysts and their anatomic location were evaluated in relation to differences by patients' gender and socio-geographic status (urban or rural origin). The study included 149 children with 272 hydatid cysts. The mean age of patients was 10.1+/-3.8 years. There were no significant differences in the number of patients in relation to gender and urban:rural origin. There were no significant differences in patients' age at the time of surgery or the number of cysts per patient when patients' gender or socio-geographic status was evaluated. The anatomic location of cysts was as follows: liver (N=165; 60.7%), lungs (N=82; 30.1%), and other locations (N=25; 9.2%). Multiple cysts, and combined liver/lung involvement were identified in 34.2% (N=51), and 6.0% (N=9) of patients, respectively. Hepatic cysts were significantly more common in girls than in boys. There were no significant differences in anatomic location of cysts between socio-geographic groups. The large number of infected children during a long period of investigation indicates an active transmission of disease and a lack of program for control and prevention of CE in Serbia. PMID:20206293

  16. West Nile virus serosurveillance in pigs, wild boars, and roe deer in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Escribano-Romero, Estela; Lupulovi?, Diana; Merino-Ramos, Teresa; Blázquez, Ana-Belén; Lazi?, Gospava; Lazi?, Sava; Saiz, Juan-Carlos; Petrovi?, Tamaš

    2015-04-17

    West Nile virus (WNV) is maintained in nature in an enzootic transmission cycle between birds and mosquitoes, but it also infects many other vertebrates, including humans and horses, in which it can induce severe neurological diseases; however, data about virus circulation in other mammals is scarce. WNV has a history of recent outbreaks in Europe, including Serbia, where it was identified for the first time in 2010 in mosquitoes and in 2012 in birds and humans, being responsible for over 300 confirmed human cases and 35 deaths there along 2013. To assess WNV circulation among mammals in the country, 688 samples obtained from 279 farm pigs, 318 wild boars, and 91 roe deer were investigated for the presence of antibodies to WNV by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and viral neutralization test (VNT), and the specificity of their reactivity was assayed against Usutu virus (USUV). ELISA-reactive sera were identified in 43 (15.4%) pigs, 56 (17.6%) wild boars, and 17 (18.7%) roe deer. Of these, 6 (14%), 33 (59%), and 4 (23.5%) respectively, neutralized WNV. One out of the 45 ELISA negative sera tested, from a roe deer, neutralized WNV. Cross-reactivity neutralization test indicated that all deer and pigs neutralizing sera were WNV specific, while in 5 (15.2%) of the wild boar samples the specificity could not be established. Four wild boar sera showed USUV specificity. All these data confirm the circulation of both flaviviruses in Serbia, and highlight the need for the implementation of global coordinated surveillance programs in the region. PMID:25724332

  17. Mechanism of cross-sectoral coordination between nature protection and forestry in the Natura 2000 formulation process in Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Sarvašová, Zuzana; Sálka, Jaroslav; Dobšinská, Zuzana

    2013-09-01

    Nature protection as a policy sector is not isolated and is directly or indirectly influenced by many other sectors (e.g. forestry, water management, rural development, energy, etc.). These policy sectors are neither completely segmented nor unaffected by the decisions taken in other policy sectors. Policy formulation in nature protection is therefore also influenced by different sectors. For that reason it is inevitable to stress the need for inter-sectoral coordination to assure their policy coherence. The aim of this article is to describe the mechanism and modes of cross-sectoral coordination and to analyze the relevant actors and their interaction, using the case of the Natura 2000 formulation process in Slovakia. The European Union (EU) set up an ecological network of special protected areas, known as Natura 2000 to ensure biodiversity by conserving natural habitats and wild fauna and flora in the territory of the Member States. An optimized nature protection must therefore carefully consider existing limits and crossdisciplinary relationships at the EU, national and regional levels. The relations between forestry and biodiversity protection are analyzed using the advocacy coalition framework (ACF). The ACF is used for analyzing how two coalitions, in this case ecological and forest owners' coalitions, advocate or pursue their beliefs from the nature protection and forestry policy field. The whole process is illustrated at the regional scale on the case study of Natura 2000 sites formulation in the Slovak Republic. For better reliability and validity of research, a combination of various empiric research methods was used, supported by existing theories. So called triangulation of sociological research or triangulation of methods consists of mutual results testing of individual methodological steps through identifying corresponding political-science theories, assessing their formal points using primary and secondary document analysis and assessing their informal points with standardized interviews with experts. We can conclude that adequate cross-sectoral coordination represented by new modes is missing and the formulation of the Natura 2000 network in Slovakia shows deficits resulting from different policy beliefs concerning nature protection and forestry coalition. PMID:22771263

  18. Serotypes, virulence genes, and PFGE profiles of Escherichia coli isolated from pigs with postweaning diarrhoea in Slovakia

    PubMed Central

    Vu Khac, Hung; Holoda, Emil; Pilipcinec, Emil; Blanco, Miguel; Blanco, Jesús E; Mora, Azucena; Dahbi, Ghizlane; López, Cecilia; González, Enrique A; Blanco, Jorge

    2006-01-01

    Background Postweaning diarrhoea (PWD) in pigs is usually the main infectious problem of large-scale farms and is responsible for significant losses worldwide. The disease is caused mainly by enterotoxigenic E. coli (ETEC) and Shiga-toxin producing E. coli (STEC). In this study a total of 101 E. coli isolated from pigs with PWD in Slovakia were characterized using phenotypic and genotypic methods. Results These 101 isolates belonged to 40 O:H serotypes. However, 57% of the isolates belonged to only six serotypes (O9:H51, O147:H-, O149:H10, O163:H-, ONT:H-, and ONT:H4), including two new serotypes (O163:H- and ONT:H4) not previously found among porcine ETEC and STEC isolated in other countries. Genes for EAST1, STb, STa, LT and Stx2e toxins were identified in 64%, 46%, 26%, 20%, and 5% of isolates, respectively. PCR showed that 35% of isolates carried genes for F18 colonization factor, and further analyzed by restriction endonuclease revealed that all of them were F18ac. Genes for F4 (K88), F6 (P987), F17, F5 (K99), F41, and intimin (eae gene) adhesins were detected in 19 %, 5%, 3%, 0.9%, 0.9%, and 0.9% of the isolates, respectively. The study of genetic diversity, carried out by PFGE of 46 representative ETEC and STEC isolates, revealed 36 distinct restriction profiles clustered in eight groups. Isolates of the same serotype were placed together in the dendrogram, but high degree of polymorphism among certain serotypes was detected. Conclusion Seropathotype O149:H10 LT/STb/EAST1/F4 (14 isolates) was the most commonly detected followed by O163:H- EAST1/F18 (six isolates), and ONT:H4 STa/STb/Stx2e/F18 (five isolates). Interestingly, this study shows that two new serotypes (O163:H- and ONT:H4) have emerged as pig pathogens in Slovakia. Furthermore, our results show that there is a high genetic variation mainly among ETEC of O149:H10 serotype. PMID:16549022

  19. First- and fifth-year medical students' intention for emigration and practice abroad: a case study of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Santric-Milicevic, Milena M; Terzic-Supic, Zorica J; Matejic, Bojana R; Vasic, Vladimir; Ricketts, Thomas C

    2014-11-01

    Health worker migration is causing profound health, safety, social, economic and political challenges to countries without special policies for health professionals' mobility. This study describes the prevalence of migration intentions among medical undergraduates, identifies underlying factors related to migration intention and describes subsequent actions in Serbia. Data were captured by survey of 938 medical students from Belgrade University (94% response rate), representing two thirds of matching students in Serbia stated their intentions, reasons and obstacles regarding work abroad. Statistical analyses included descriptive statistics and a sequential multivariate logistic regression. Based on descriptive and inferential statistics we were able to predict the profile of first and fifth year medical students who intend or have plans to work abroad. This study contributes to our understanding of the causes and correlates of intent to migrate and could serve to raise awareness and point to the valuable policy options to manage migration. PMID:25458972

  20. Results of bacteriological and cytological examinations of the endometrium of subfertile mares in stud farms in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Urosevic, Miroslav; Lako, Branislav; Milanov, Dubravka; Urosevic, Ivana; Aurich, Christine

    2010-01-01

    Uterine microbiology, antimicrobial susceptibility and endometrial cytology were investigated in a total of 51 mares with fertility problems from 16 different stud farms in Serbia. Uterine cultures were performed after collection with a double guarded uterine swab, and endometrial cytology was evaluated after collection of endometrial cells with a special device (cytology brush). In 21 of 51 mares, at least one bacterial species was isolated from the uterus; the most frequent were Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus (13 isolates) and E. coli (four isolates). All isolates of Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus were susceptible to penicillin. Results from endometrial cytology were inconsistent; in 17 animals with positive bacteriological culture, cytology was not altered. It can be concluded that in Serbia, as in many other contries, Streptococcus equi subsp. zooepidemicus is the main cause for equine endometritis. It can be easily diagnosed by uterine culture but endometrial cytology does not always prove the existence of an endometrial infection with this agent. PMID:21038807

  1. Do All Roads Lead to Brussels? Analysis of the Different Trajectories of Croatia, Serbia-Montenegro and Bosnia-Herzegovina

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Maurizio Massari

    2005-01-01

    The article examines the main factors that have affected the prospects of Euro-Atlantic integration for Croatia, Serbia-Montenegro, and Bosnia-Herzegovina (BiH). For each of the three countries, the internal and external factors affecting progress are examined separately in both the domestic and international spheres, allowing for a comparative assessment of the role of the international community and for analysis of different

  2. An introduction to the Middle and Upper Pleistocene loess–paleosol sequence at Ruma brickyard, Vojvodina, Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    S. B. Markovi?; E. Oches; P. Sumegi; M. Jovanovic; T. Gaudenyi

    2006-01-01

    Six Loess units and five paleosols are preserved in the 20m thick exposure of Middle and Late Pleistocene sediments at Ruma brickyard, Vojvodina, Serbia. Amino acid geochronology provides stratigraphic correlations between Loess–Paleosol units SL L1-S1, SL L2-S2, SL L3-S3 and SL L4 at Ruma with loess of Glacial cycles B, C and D, and E, respectively, at other central and

  3. Nymphoides peltata (Gmel.) Kuntze, Myriophyllum spicatum L. and Ceratophyllum demersum L. biomass dynamics in Lake Provala (the Vojvodina Province, Serbia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ljiljana Nikoli?; Katarina ?obanovi?; Dejana Lazi?

    2007-01-01

    Sixty-five plant species have been found in Lake Provala (the Vojvodina Province, Serbia) and its riparian zone. Among them,\\u000a three hydrophytes were dominant: Nymphoides peltata, Myriophyllum spicatum and Ceratophyllum demersum. As interactions between different ecological factors, especially light, temperature and nutrient level, are of prime importance\\u000a for productivity of macrophytes, we analyzed the main physical and chemical indicators of water

  4. The relationship between whole effluent toxicity (WET) and chemical-based effluent quality assessment in Vojvodina (Serbia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivana Teodorovi?; Milena Be?eli?; Ivana Planojevi?; Ivana Ivan?ev-Tumbas; Božo Dalmacija

    2009-01-01

    The relationship between whole effluent toxicity (WET) and chemical-based effluent quality assessment across a range of effluent\\u000a types was examined for the first time in Serbia. WET was determined by Daphnia magna acute tests, while chemical-based toxicity was taken as theoretical for concentrations of priority chemicals and effluent\\u000a quality assessment based on the valid Serbian regulations. A poor correlation was

  5. Lessons learned from the decommissioning process affected by an accident during operation. The case of A1 NPP in Slovakia

    SciTech Connect

    Daniska, Vladimir [DECONTA, a.s., Sibirska 1, Trnava, SK 917 01 (Slovakia); Timulak, Jan [DECOM Slovakia, Jana Bottu, 2. SK-91701 Trnava (Slovakia); Pekar, Anton [VUJE Trnava, Inc. (Slovakia); Niznansky, Vojtech [Javys - Jadrova a vyradovacia spolocnost, a.s. - Nuclear and Decommissioning Company, plc., Tomasikova 22, 821 02 Bratislava (Slovakia); Konecny, Ladislav [UJD SR - Nuclear Regulatory Authority of the Slovak Republic, Bajkalska 27, P.O.BOX 24, 820 07 Bratislava 27 (Slovakia)

    2007-07-01

    Decommissioning of NPP's with standard shutdown is currently well known process. The A1 NPP in Slovakia was shutdown in 1977 after the accident in the core which caused the damage of the fuel and contamination of systems. Long period from 1977 to 2008 was needed to manage issues resulting from affecting the systems and structures of A1 NPP and the environment by the accident. Management of the damaged spent fuel, decontamination of the primary circuit and other processes generated large amounts of alpha bearing waste, mostly liquid, having sludge phases with specific physical-chemical and radiological properties. Up to 1994, the approach for eliminating the consequences of the accident was based on safety priorities. The systematic approach, which includes also the rehabilitation of the affected environment, was implemented in the period 1994-2008. The process includes also establishing of the decommissioning infrastructure, legislative and funding system with the aim to implement the standard decommissioning procedures after 2008. However, the specific aspects, especially the level and radio-nuclide composition of contamination of systems and structures will remain. For final decommissioning 2008-2033, the approach was selected which foresees four licensed phases. This approach enables proper planning and performing of individual decommissioning phases. (authors)

  6. The largest prehistoric landslide in northwestern Slovakia: Chronological constraints of the Kykula long-runout landslide and related dammed lakes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pánek, Tomáš; Hradecký, Jan; Smolková, Veronika; Šilhán, Karel; Minár, Jozef; Zernitskaya, Valentina

    2010-08-01

    This study deals with the chronology of the largest long-runout landslide in the northwesterrn part of the Western Flysch Carpathians (Kysucké Beskydy Mts, Slovakia). Despite the impossibility of using direct radiocarbon dating method, time constraints for the evolution of the landslide were determined on the basis of the dating of various sedimentological/geomorphological elements situated on and adjacent to the landslide body. The results show that the landslide evolved between ˜ 10.3 and 9.0 ka 14C BP, i.e. in the wider transitional phase between the Late Glacial (LG) and the Holocene. The main mass movement activity took place at the turn of the Younger Dryas/Preboreal chronozones, whereas retrogressive activity continued up to the Preboreal/Boreal transition. Radiocarbon dating together with pollen analysis and sedimentology of landslide-dammed palaeolakes and colluvial peat bogs revealed almost continuous Holocene palaeogeographical records between ˜ 10.3 and 3.3 ka 14C BP. Periods of enhanced sediment supply to the reservoirs in ˜ 9.9-9.0, ˜ 8.4-8.2, ˜ 6.9-6.5 and ˜ 4.5 ka 14C BP correlate well with palaeogeomorphic and palaeohydrological records from nearby Polish Carpathians. The study confirms that the LG/Holocene transition represented a favourable period for the evolution of large landslides not only in glaciated high mountain areas, but also in medium-high mountains of Central Europe.

  7. Publication of PWV and ZTD time series and models of PWV and nPWV over Slovakia and vicinity

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Igondova, Miroslava; Hefty, Jan; Cibulka, Dusan

    2010-05-01

    More than 50 permanent GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite Systems) stations are processed continually within the Central European Permanent Network at the Slovak University of Technology, Department of Theoretical Geodesy. Zenith Total Delay (ZTD), one of the processing outputs, reflects delay of the GNSS signal caused by troposphere. Precipitable Water Vapour (PWV) is calculated if ground meteorological observations are available. Model of PWV over Slovakia and vicinity is produced using digital terrain model data for height correction in grid points. Real variation of PWV over the area shows model of normalized PWV (nPWV) created from PWV values reduced by theoretical PWV value corresponding to altitude and latitude of the station. Mathematical background for computing PWV and nPWV models will be presented. All computations on the way from discrete ZTD values to PWV time series and models are realized using Perl scripts. Time series of ZTD and PWV since 1996 and models of PWV and nPWV are published on the server freely available in the internet using Web Map Service, PHP, JavaScript and other web technologies. All the data are available in one hour interval. Data are continually updated and can be downloaded for scientific applications.

  8. Decrease in air pollution load in urban environment of Bratislava (Slovakia) inferred from accumulation of metal elements in lichens.

    PubMed

    Guttová, Anna; Lackovi?ová, Anna; Pišút, Ivan; Pišút, Peter

    2011-11-01

    The study illustrates the response of epiphytic lichens to changing atmospheric conditions in Central Europe, where the emission of air pollutants has significantly decreased from 1990, in the area in and around Bratislava City. Variation in concentrations of seven metal elements (Cu, Cd, Cr, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) in the thalli of Evernia prunastri, Hypogymnia physodes and Parmelia sulcata is assessed. Samples of these species were exposed in lichen bags in 39 sites throughout the territory of the city (more than 300 km(2)) during the period December 2006-February 2007. The samples were analyzed by AAS for metal element contents prior to and after exposure. The decrease in air pollution (for all studied elements by more than 90%) corresponded to a decrease in the accumulation of elements in lichen thalli, e.g. the contents of Pb decreased by 69% and of Cd by 34% on average. The results show also variations in accumulation between with different lichen species. The background values of metal element contents in thalli of H. physodes growing in situ were measured in semi-natural sites in Slovakia. It is suggested that these can be used as a reference in large-scale monitoring studies in Central Europe. Analysis of compatible data from the current study, and the study performed at the end of 1990s shows a significant decrease of metal elements in the air pollution load. PMID:21327486

  9. An outbreak of Microsporum canis in two elementary schools in a rural area around the capital city of Slovenia, 2012.

    PubMed

    Subelj, M; Marinko, J Sveti?i?; U?akar, V

    2014-12-01

    An outbreak of Microsporum canis infection affected 12 persons in two elementary schools over a period of 48 days in 2012 in Slovenia. Epidemiological, microbiological, and animal investigations were conducted. We defined cases as pupils or employees with skin lesions and confirmed or probable M. canis infection, attending one of the implicated elementary schools. Two clusters of six primary and six secondary cases were included in an unmatched case-control study. Contact with an adopted stray kitten at a birthday party was identified as the most probable source of infection. Secondary cases were more likely to have participated in gymnastic classes with a primary case than controls and were also more likely to have touched an infected child. Prompt communication and implementation of adequate control measures after the primary cases occurred would have prevented the secondary cases in another school. PMID:24512846

  10. [Trends in mortality in Serbia, excluding the provinces, 1973-1994].

    PubMed

    Vlajinac, H; Marinkovi?, J; Kocev, N; Adanja, B; Sipeti?, S; Pekmezovi?, T; Zivaljevi?, V

    2000-01-01

    The war and break up of former Yugoslavia began in 1991. In May 1992 the United Nations imposed economic sanctions on Serbia and Montenegro which were suspended only in November 1995. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of the war and UN sanctions on health of the population of Serbia without the provinces of Vojvodina and Kosovo. The period 1973-1994 was studied. Mortality data were derived from unpublished and published materials of the Federal Institute of Statistics [1]. Refugees, who, because of civil war, came to Serbia and Montenegro from other parts of former Yugoslavia, were not counted as a part of the population when mortality rates were calculated. Mortality rates were standardized directly using the "European population" as the standard [2]. The least square method was used to fit mortality rates to different trend curves. Linear trend was used whenever it significantly (p < 0.05) demonstrated the existing mortality rates. To measure the possible effect of the war and sanctions (WAS) on mortality between 1991 and 1994, dummy variable (variable WAS) consisting of 0's and 1's was made to signify the passage from the period before and the period after the beginning of the war and sanctions [3]. Over the period 1991-1994, characterized by the war and UN sanctions, in women aged 25-34, 35-44 and 75-84, total mortality was significantly higher than expected on the basis of the trend for the preceding period (p = 0.006, p = 0.000 and p = 0.015 respectively). The opposite effect was found in the age group 85+ (p = 0.012)/Table 2. Of major causes of death, in age group 25-34, mortality from endocrine diseases increased more rapidly in both sexes (p = 0.000) and mortality from urogenital diseases in women decreased more slowly than expected (p = 0.006). On the other hand, in age group 85+ mortality was significantly lower for cardiovascular diseases in both sexes (p = 0.035 and p = 0.006), for respiratory diseases in men (p = 0.011) and for neoplasms in women (p = 0.006)/Table 4. In addition, in the years 1991 and 1992 the increase in mortality from injuries and poisoning was evident in men aged 15-24, 25-34 and 85+ years (Graph 5). Our results show that over the period 1991-1994 changes in mortality were present in some age groups and were caused by certain groups of diseases. In men, besides mortality of infectious disease which decreased more slowly during 1991-1993 than expected, [4], the main departures were found in the mortality from injuries and poisoning and in mortality from endocrine diseases. The excess of death due to injuries and poisoning in the age group 15-34 can be explained as a direct consequence of the war. There were no military operations on the territory of Serbia, but young men from Serbia were nevertheless engaged in the war in other republics of former Yugoslavia. The outstanding increase in mortality caused by injuries and poisoning in men aged 85+ has two explanations. The first is the fact that suicide rate which was on an average of 86 per 100,000 over the period 1984-1990 rose to 140 per 100,000 during the period 1991-1993. In the year 1994 it fell to 92 per 100,000. Since there were no great differences in percent distribution of suicides among all deaths caused by injuries and poisoning in the two periods (27% in 1984-1990 and 20% in 1991-1993), it is clear that the rise of suicidal rate cannot be the only explanation for increased mortality from injuries and poisoning. In a situation when medical services were badly overextended (lack of medical equipment and proper maintenance of the existing equipment, lack of drugs and other medical inputs, a large number of wounded coming from Bosnia as well as numerous refugees) [5, 6], priority had to be given to younger age groups. Higher mortality due to endocrine diseases in men and women aged 25-34 years and higher mortality due to urogenital diseases in women of the same ages can be most probably attributed to poor medical supplies. Although formally excluded from the international economic blockade medical sup

  11. Hydrogeological and isotope mapping of the karstic Savica River (NW Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bren?i?, Mihael; Vre?a, Polona

    2015-04-01

    Mapping is important part of the hydrogeological terrain investigations, especially when spatial and temporal relations are not known precisely. There are many different methods available; among them not least important is careful visual inspection of the stream and its stream bed at regular intervals with the aim to detect phenomena which reflect surface water groundwater interactions. In parallel with the inspection various measurements can be performed. Together with usual water electro conductivity and water temperature we tested complimentary information which can be obtained with the concomitant regular sampling for ?18O determination in the river water course. Combination of all these information proved to be very useful in obtaining spatial trends in river characteristics and to determine relations between its water balance components. Testing of the methodology of hydrogeological mapping with the means of isotopes on the karstic Savica River during low flow period where water balance relations between its tributaries were not known before demonstrate the usefulness of the applied approach. Savica River is positioned in the north-west part of Slovenia in the centre of Triglav national Park which covers large part of East Julian Alps. River represents the main recharge of the Bohinj Lake, largest Slovenian natural lake. Savica River is short with the length of only 4.0 km and consists of two tributaries in the upper part; Mala Savica coming from the west and Velika Savica coming from the north-west. The first is recharged from several water caves of various lengths in which water level depends on hydrological conditions, consequently terminal end of the water in its riverbed part changes during the year. The second tributary is recharged from the 510 m long karstic cave with the entrance at 836 m a.s.l. where water disappears over 75 m high famous and picturesque waterfall. Geology of the catchment is predominantly formed by Dachstein limestone of Upper Triassic age subordinated by small number of dolomite beds. In the period between years 1954 and 2012 was average discharge at the gauging station Savica Ukanc 5.08 m3/s. At the gauging profile riverbed is occasionally reported as dry and maximum measured discharge was 138 m3/s. Based on the three sampling campaigns performed at low water conditions when each time between 35 and 40 samples were taken, we were able to estimate relations between various Savica River components. During low water period Mala Savica defined presents between 12 % and 17 % of the total outflow from the total Savica recharge area. Velika Savica in its complete water course represents between 78 % and 82 % of the total outflow. There is also small part recharging in the area between the confluence of Velika Savica and Mala Savica and confluence of Savica with Bohinj Lake; this part represents from 3 % to 5 %, however estimations are very rough and probably prone to large error. Estimated relations are based on the rough calculations but represent important step forward in the understanding of complex Savica River system. Until now no data was available on the amount and share of Velika Savica and Mala Savica to the total outflow from the vast karstic recharge area on high mountainous plateau. Mapping campaigns along the whole river were performed at low to moderate hydrological conditions; therefore results cannot be transferred to the all possible hydrological conditions. However, similar results obtained during three seasons with slightly different discharge regimes indicate that the spatial relations are relatively stable. Results are important for further investigations of Savica River system. Such information can help to discern hydrogeologicaly important points along the river course and based on them we can focus on more detailed observations at particular sites. In the future they will help us in better understanding of hydrograph components and better understanding of the functioning of karstic aquifer draining through Savica springs and direct inflows of groundwater into the rive

  12. Access to biologic treatment for rheumatoid arthritis in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries

    PubMed Central

    Orlewska, Ewa; Ancuta, Ioan; Anic, Branimir; Codrenau, Catalin; Damjanov, Nemanja; Djukic, Predrag; Ionescu, Ruxandra; Marinchev, Lubomir; Nasonov, Evgeny L.; Peets, Tonu; Praprotnik, Sonja; Rashkov, Rasho; Skoupa, Jana; Tlustochowicz, Witold; Tlustochowicz, Malgorzata; Tomsic, Matija; Veldi, Tiina; Vojinovic, Jelena; Wiland, Piotr

    2011-01-01

    Summary Background The aim of this study was to assess and compare patients’ access to biologic anti-RA drugs in selected Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries and to analyze the determinants of differences between countries. Material/Methods This is a multi-country survey study, based on a combination of desk research and direct contact with national RA stakeholders. Data was collected using a pre-defined questionnaire. Affordability was measured using an affordability index, calculated comparing the index of health care expenditures to the price index, using Poland as an index of 1. Results The percentage of patients on biologic treatment in 2009 was highest in Hungary (5% RA patients on biologic treatment), followed by Slovenia (4.5%), Slovakia (3.5%), Czech Republic (2.92%), Romania (2.2%), Estonia (1.8%), and Croatia, Serbia, Poland (below 1.5%). Infliximab, etanercept, adalimumab and rituximab were included in the reimbursement system in all countries, but abatacept and tocilizumab were included only in Slovakia. In Slovenia, public payer covered 75% of the price, and 25% is covered by supplementary health insurance; in Bulgaria public payer covered 50% of etanercept and adalimumab costs, and 75% of rituximab cost. In other countries, biologic drugs are reimbursed at 100%. Affordability index for biologic drugs was the lowest in Slovenia (0.4). In each country national guidelines define which patients are eligible for biologic treatment. Disease Activity Score (DAS28) of over 5.1 and failure of 2 or more disease-modifying anti-RA drugs, including methotrexate, are commonly used criteria. Conclusions The most important factors limiting access to biologic anti-RA treatment in the CEE region are macroeconomic conditions and restrictive treatment guidelines. PMID:21455121

  13. Genetic analysis of wild-type Dobrava hantavirus in Slovenia: co-existence of two distinct genetic lineages within the same natural focus

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Tatjana Avsic-Zupanc; Kirill Nemirov; Miro Petrovec; Tomi Trilar; Mario Poljak; Antti Vaheri; Alexander Plyusnin

    Genetic analysis was performed of wild-type (wt) Dobrava hantavirus (DOB) strains from Slovenia, the country where the virus was first discovered and where it was found to cause haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS), with a fatality rate of 12%. Two hundred and sixty mice of the genus Apodemus, trapped in five natural foci of DOB-associated HFRS during 1990-1996, were

  14. Short-term optimization of the new Av?e pumping plant and three existing hydro power plants on the So?a river in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Zvonko Bregar

    2007-01-01

    In the following years a new pumping plant Av?e is going to join the existing cascade of three small-regulating-basin hydro power plants (HPPs) on the So?a river in Slovenia. The pumping plant operation will have to be synchronous to the operation of existing plants and vice versa since all four plants depend upon the same inflow and since they all

  15. Teleconnections of inter-annual streamflow fluctuation in Slovakia with Arctic Oscillation, North Atlantic Oscillation, Southern Oscillation, and Quasi-Biennial Oscillation phenomena

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pavla Pekarova; Jan Pekar

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to analyze a possible teleconnection of Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO), Southern Oscillation (SO),\\u000a North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), and Arctic Oscillation (AO) phenomena with long-term streamflow fluctuation of the Bela\\u000a River (1895–2004) and Cierny Hron River (1931–2004) (central Slovakia). Homogeneity, long-term trends, as well as inter-annual\\u000a dry and wet cycles were analyzed for the entire 1895–2004

  16. Toxicity of metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, zoxamide and mancozeb to Phytophthora infestans isolates from Serbia.

    PubMed

    Rekanovi?, Emil; Poto?nik, Ivana; Milijaševi?-Mar?i?, Svetlana; Stepanovi?, Miloš; Todorovi?, Biljana; Mihajlovi?, Milica

    2012-01-01

    A study of the in vitro sensitivity of 12 isolates of Phytophthora infestans to metalaxyl, azoxystrobin, dimethomorph, cymoxanil, zoxamide and mancozeb, was conducted. The isolates derived from infected potato leaves collected at eight different localities in Serbia during 2005-2007. The widest range of EC(50) values for mycelial growth of the isolates was recorded for metalaxyl. They varied from 0.3 to 3.9 ?g mL(-1) and were higher than those expected in a susceptible population of P. infestans. The EC(50) values of the isolates were 0.16-0.30 ?g mL(-1) for dimethomorph, 0.27-0.57 ?g mL(-1) for cymoxanil, 0.0026-0.0049 ?g mL(-1) for zoxamide and 2.9-5.0 ?g mL(-1) for mancozeb. The results indicated that according to effective concentration (EC(50)) the 12 isolates of P. infestans were sensitive to azoxystrobin (0.019-0.074 ?g mL(-1)), and intermediate resistant to metalaxyl, dimethomorph and cymoxanil. According to resistance factor, all P. infestans isolates were sensitive to dimethomorph, cymoxanil, mancozeb and zoxamide, 58.3% of isolates were sensitive to azoxystrobin and 50% to metalaxyl. Gout's scale indicated that 41.7% isolates were moderately sensitive to azoxystrobin and 50% to metalaxyl. PMID:22424065

  17. Phenolic content and radical scavenging capacity of berries and related jams from certificated area in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Savikin, Katarina; Zduni?, Gordana; Jankovi?, Teodora; Tasi?, Slavoljub; Menkovi?, Nebojsa; Stevi?, Tatjana; Dordevi?, Boban

    2009-09-01

    Chemical composition and the effects of domestic processing and storage were studied in organically cultivated or wild growing berries, harvested in certificated area in Serbia. The total phenolics content in fresh berries ranged from 380 to 1660 mg GAE/100 g. The phenolic content decreased during the processing to jams, and storage in almost all samples, except in black currant. Among fresh berries, the highest amount of total anthocyanins was found in bilberry (0.61 +/- 0.03 %). Processing and storage caused decrease in anthocyanin content. The most ubiquitous anthocyanin aglycone was found to be cyanidin. Ellagic acid was detected in fresh and frozen black raspberries and related jams, and its content increases during thermal processing to jam. Among fresh berries, bilberry showed the strongest DPPH radical scavenging activity with an IC(50) value of 0.82 mg/ml. However, frozen as well as processed berries in our study still showed comparable high values of radical scavenging activity. After 9 months of storage all investigated jams were microbiologicaly correct. Regardless of the losses in the amount of total phenolics, total anthocyanins and radical scavenging activity, frozen berries and related jams are still excellent sources of nutritional substances with antioxidant potential. PMID:19468835

  18. Evaluation of the stability indices for the thunderstorm forecasting in the region of Belgrade, Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vujovi?, D.; Paskota, M.; Todorovi?, N.; Vu?kovi?, V.

    2015-07-01

    The pre-convective atmosphere over Serbia during the ten-year period (2001-2010) was investigated using the radiosonde data from one meteorological station and the thunderstorm observations from thirteen SYNOP meteorological stations. In order to verify their ability to forecast a thunderstorm, several stability indices were examined. Rank sum scores (RSSs) were used to segregate indices and parameters which can differentiate between a thunderstorm and no-thunderstorm event. The following indices had the best RSS values: Lifted index (LI), K index (KI), Showalter index (SI), Boyden index (BI), Total totals (TT), dew-point temperature and mixing ratio. The threshold value test was used in order to determine the appropriate threshold values for these variables. The threshold with the best skill scores was chosen as the optimal. The thresholds were validated in two ways: through the control data set, and comparing the calculated indices thresholds with the values of indices for a randomly chosen day with an observed thunderstorm. The index with the highest skill for thunderstorm forecasting was LI, and then SI, KI and TT. The BI had the poorest skill scores.

  19. A re-examination of the human fossil specimen from Ba?ki Petrovac (Serbia).

    PubMed

    Radovi?, Predrag; Lindal, Joshua Allan; Roksandic, Mirjana

    2014-08-01

    A fragmented human calotte was discovered during the early 1950s near Ba?ki Petrovac (Serbia), in association with Palaeolithic stone tools. After its initial publication, the fossil specimen remained largely unknown outside of the Serbian academe and no detailed comparative study has ever been carried out. Since the whereabouts of the fossil itself are currently unknown, and given its potential significance for the Pleistocene human evolution, we re-examine the data published by Živanovi? (1966, 1975). Using the original measurements, mostly taken on the frontal bone, and a wide comparative sample of 68 fossil specimens, the fossil was compared and analyzed by statistical multivariate methods. We also conducted a visual examination of the morphology based on the available photographic material. Our analysis reveals phenetic similarity with Middle Pleistocene archaic Homo from Africa and anatomically modern Homo sapiens. However, the absence of primitive cranial traits in Ba?ki Petrovac indicates a clear modern Homo sapiens designation. Although lost at the moment, there is a chance for the re-discovery of the fossil in the years to come. This would give us an opportunity to acquire absolute dates and to study the specimen in a more detailed manner. PMID:24951407

  20. Evaluation of the origin of nitrate influencing the Klju? groundwater source, Serbia.

    PubMed

    Miljevi?, Nada; Boreli-Zdravkovi?, Djulija; Obradovi?, Vesna; Golobo?anin, Dušan; Mayer, Bernhard

    2012-01-01

    This paper describes the use of the dual isotope method involving ?(15)N and ?(18)O measurements of dissolved nitrates to assess the origin and fate of groundwater nitrate at the Klju? groundwater source, Serbia. A sampling campaign was conducted in September 2007 during flow conditions obtaining groundwater from observation wells and river water fed by a shallow aquifer hosted in alluvial (sandy-gravel) sediments. Nitrate isotope ratios ranged from +5.3 to +16.9‰ and ?(18)O(NO(3)) values varied from -2.3 to +5.0‰. Two major contamination sources were identified with isotopic compositions characteristic for nitrate derived from nitrification of soil organic nitrogen (+5.3 to +7.8‰ for ?(15)N) resulting in nitrate concentrations of 33.6 and 78.8 mg/L and nitrate derived from animal wastes or human sewage, e.g. via septic systems, yielding ?(15)N values of +9.9 to +11.9‰ and elevated nitrate concentrations of 31.2-245.8 mg/L. The occurrence of nitrification and denitrification was also revealed based on concentration and isotope data for dissolved nitrate. PMID:22744675

  1. Levels of organochlorine pesticides in crops and related products from Vojvodina, Serbia: estimated dietary intake.

    PubMed

    Skrbi?, B; Predojevi?, Z

    2008-05-01

    Levels of 16 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were investigated in 39 composite samples of agricultural crops, related by-products, and foodstuffs collected in Vojvodina, Serbia, in 2002 through 2004. After extraction and cleanup, OCPs were determined by capillary gas chromatography using electron-capture detection. The highest mean level of 0.971 ng/g whole weight (ww) was found for alpha-HCH in wheat flour samples. OCPs levels were well lower than the respective maximum residue limits set by current European and Serbian regulations. Mean OCP levels were low (<1 ng/g ww) for all sample types. The most frequently determined residue was 4,4'-DDT (identified in 76.9% of all samples analyzed), followed by gamma-HCH (66.7%), beta-HCH (48.7%), and endosulfan II (41.0%). OCP levels were compared with data from other international surveys. Calculated daily intakes of OCPs by way of consumption of the crop products included in this study according to data of the Serbian National Institute for Statistics were compared with the acceptable daily intakes established by the Food and Agriculture Organization/World Health Organization. The average level of contamination of the Vojvodina diet was believed to be harmless regarding the studied food commodities. PMID:18197356

  2. Environmental radioactivity in southern Serbia at locations where depleted uranium was used.

    PubMed

    Sarap, Nataša B; Jankovi?, Marija M; Todorovi?, Dragana J; Nikoli?, Jelena D; Kova?evi?, Milojko S

    2014-06-01

    In the 1999 bombing of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, NATO forces used ammunition containing depleted uranium. The cleaning of depleted uranium that followed was performed in southern Serbia by the Vin?a Institute of Nuclear Sciences between 2002 and 2007 at the locations of Plja?kovica, Borovac, Bratoselce, and Reljan. This paper presents detailed results of radioactivity monitoring four years after cleaning (2011), which included the determination of gamma emitters in soil, water, and plant samples, as well as gross alpha and beta activities in water samples. The gamma spectrometry results showed the presence of natural radionuclides 226Ra, 232Th, 40K, 235U, 238U, and the produced radionuclide 137Cs (from the Chernobyl accident). In order to evaluate the radiological hazard from soil, the radium equivalent activity, the gamma dose rate, the external hazard index, and the annual effective dose were calculated. Considering that a significant number of people inhabit the studied locations, the periodical monitoring of radionuclide content is vital. PMID:24778342

  3. Assessment of clinical biochemical parameters in Roma minority residing in eastern Slovakia compared with the majority population.

    PubMed

    Hubková, Beáta; Maslanková, Jana; Stupák, Marek; Guzy, Juraj; Kovácová, Anna; Pella, Daniel; Jarcuska, Peter; Mareková, Mária

    2014-03-01

    Roma constitute the largest ethnic minority in Europe and the second largest minority in Slovakia. Their health problems originate mainly from their low socioeconomic status, certain cultural aspects and their health-threatening lifestyle as well as the psycho-social burden arising from poverty and frequent migration. Evaluation of glucose, albumin, triacylglycerol (TAG) and low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) concentrations did not reveal any clue about the presumed deteriorated health of the Roma population. Higher proportions of subjects with elevated serum total cholesterol were found in Roma women as compared to both control groups of women (p = 0.027, p = 0.006) and in Roma men as compared to the male control group living in standard conditions. Only the low level of HDL-cholesterol gives a glimpse of their deteriorated health. Significantly lower levels of serum HDL-C were reported in Roma men and women compared to the respondents in both control groups with a p value of p < 0.001. Comparing the ratio of LDL-C/HDL-C yielded significant differences between the number of physiological values in Roma men and men from the control group 1 (p = 0.022) in favour of the control group. When comparing the number of people with physiological values of cholesterols and with worsening TAG parameters at the same time, the increased risk of Roma men compared with men from the control group 1 became evident, with a level of significance of p = 0.023. Evaluation of urine samples pointed to significantly higher concentrations of urinary protein in Roma women compared with women in the control group 1 (p = 0.012). PMID:24847608

  4. Occupational dermatoses caused by contact with metalworking fluids in the region of central slovakia from 2000 to 2012.

    PubMed

    Urban?ek, Slavomir; Kuklová-Bieliková, Marianna; Fetisovová, Želmira; Klimentová, Gabriela; Vil?ek, Rober

    2014-01-01

    Metalworking fluids (MWFs) are a common cause of allergic and irritant contact dermatitis. MWFs being currently used are mostly water based, containing biocides, emulsifiers, and other additives. We performed a retrospective analysis of the etiology of the occupational dermatoses caused by metalworking fluids in three regions of Central Slovakia (population of approximately 2 million) between 2000 and 2012. The primary aim was the analysis of metalworking fluid-induced dermatoses, which involved determining the particular disease type (allergic or irritant), its regional distribution, and the specific chemical causing the disease. The secondary aim of the study was to assess the level of knowledge and competence among dermatologists in performing patch testing for allergens contained in metalworking fluids using a study-specific questionnaire. Of the total number of 422 dermatoses during the analyzed period, 64 (41 in men and 23 in women) were caused by metalworking fluids. The implicated fluids were all aqueous, synthetic MWFs. 39 patients developed an allergic and 25 an irritant-induced contact dermatitis. 51 patients were tested using a special TrolabŽ metalworking battery (Almirall Hermal GmbH, Reinbek, Germany). The test identified a positive reaction to one of the following chemicals: methylchoroisothiazolinone/methylisothiazolinone (MCI/MI), formaldehyde, 1,2-benzisothiazoline-3-one, abietic acid, chloroxylenol, triclosan, amerchol L101, dichlorophene, propylenglycol, metylene (bis-methyl oxazolidine), monoethanolamine, and diethanolamine. The questionnaire showed that a large majority of Slovak dermatologists have no experiences with testing of MWFs. Metalworking fluids were found to be the most frequent cause of occupational contact dermatitis. They also are the second largest group of all occupational dermotoses. Their incidence corresponded with the presence of machine industry in the region. Several unresolved problems include detection of specific allergens and standardization of patch test performance among individual dermatologists. Low levels of experience in testing of MWFs revealed need to educate both dermatologists and residents. PMID:25230059

  5. Influence of benomyl and prometryn on the soil microbial activities and community structures in pasture grasslands of Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Javoreková, Sona; Svrceková, Ivana; Maková, Jana

    2010-10-01

    The effects of pesticides (a herbicide and a fungicide) on the microbial community structure and their activity were analyzed in soil from four alpine pasture grasslands in Slovakia. Specifically, the effects of the herbicide, Gesagard (prometryn active ingredient), and fungicide, Fundazol 50 WP (benomyl active ingredient), on the microbial respiration activity (CO2 production), the numbers of selective microbial physiological groups (CFU.g(-1)) and the structure (relative abundance) of soil microbial communities [(phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA)] were analyzed under controlled laboratory conditions. All treatments including the treatments with pesticides increased (statistically significantly) the production of CO2 in all fields during 21 days of incubation and posed a statistically insignificant negative influence on the numbers of the observed physiological groups of microorganisms. The significantly negative influence was evaluated only in the numbers of two physiological groups; spores of bacteria utilizing organic nitrogen and bacteria, and their spores utilizing inorganic nitrogen. A shift in the microbial composition was evident when the PLFA patterns of samples from different sites and treatments were compared by the Principal Component Analysis (PCA). According to the second component PCA 2 (15.95 %) the locations were grouped into two clusters. The first one involved the Donovaly and Dubakovo sites and the second one contained the Velka Fatra and Mala Fatra locations. The PLFA composition of the soils showed important changes after the treatment with pesticides according to PCA 1 (66.06 %). Other treatments had not had a significant effect on the soil microbial community with the exception of the population of fungi. The lower relative abundance (significant effect) of Gram-positive bacteria, actinomycetes and general group of bacteria were determined in samples treated by the herbicide Gesagard. The application of fungicide Fundazol decreased (statistically significantly) the relative abundance of actinomycetes and general group of bacteria and paradoxically increased the population of fungi. PMID:20818523

  6. Generation of daylight reference years for two European cities with different climate: Athens, Greece and Bratislava, Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Markou, M. T.; Kambezidis, H. D.; Bartzokas, A.; Darula, S.; Kittler, R.

    2007-12-01

    In this work, daylight reference years (DRYs), based on daylight and solar radiation measurements, are designed for two European cities, Athens, Greece and Bratislava, Slovakia, by using the Danish method, the Festa-Ratto technique and the Modified Sandia National Laboratories methodology. The data basis consists of 5-minute values of global and diffuse horizontal illuminance, global and diffuse horizontal irradiance, zenith luminance and solar altitude as well as of daily values of sunshine duration for 5 years for Athens and 8 years for Bratislava. Moreover, Linke's turbidity factor, luminous turbidity factor and relative sunshine duration are calculated and utilized. Then, for each DRY, the predominant sky-luminance distributions over Athens and Bratislava are identified, by using the methodology of Kittler et al., who corresponded the main sky conditions to 15 theoretical sky standards in diagrams of the ratio of zenith luminance to diffuse horizontal illuminance against solar altitude. For both cities the three aforementioned methods do not create identical DRYs. Despite the differences, the sky types defined for each of the two places seem not to depend on the choice of DRY. The predominant sky standard, for all of them, is a cloudless, polluted sky with a broad solar corona for Athens and an overcast sky with slight brightening towards the sun as well as very clear sky with low atmospheric turbidity for Bratislava. However, the selection of the DRY, which represents best the daylight conditions, is necessary for studies in saving energy in buildings. The DRY, which is created by the Modified Sandia National Laboratories method, is chosen for most cases, while the one created by the Danish method is also useful on certain occasions.

  7. The cost of systemic therapy for metastatic colorectal carcinoma in Slovenia: discrepancy analysis between cost and reimbursement

    PubMed Central

    Mesti, Tanja; Boshkoska, Biljana Mileva; Kos, Mitja; Tekav?i?, Metka; Ocvirk, Janja

    2015-01-01

    Background. The aim of the study was to estimate the direct medical costs of metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated at the Institute of Oncology Ljubljana and to question the healthcare payment system in Slovenia. Methods. Using an internal patient database, the costs of mCRC patients were estimated in 2009 by examining (1) mCRC direct medical related costs, and (2) the cost difference between payment received by Slovenian health insurance and actual mCRC costs. Costs were analysed in the treatment phase of the disease by assessing the direct medical costs of hospital treatment with systemic therapy together with hospital treatment of side effects, without assessing radiotherapy or surgical treatment. Follow-up costs, indirect medical costs, and nonmedical costs were not included. Results. A total of 209 mCRC patients met all eligibility criteria. The direct medical costs of mCRC hospitalization with systemic therapy in Slovenia for 2009 were estimated as the cost of medications (cost of systemic therapy + cost of drugs for premedication) + labor cost (the cost of carrying out systemic treatment) + cost of lab tests + cost of imaging tests + KRAS testing cost + cost of hospital treatment due to side effects of mCRC treatment, and amounted to €3,914,697. The difference between the cost paid by health insurance and actual costs, estimated as direct medical costs of hospitalization of mCRC patients treated with systemic therapy at the Institute of Oncology Ljubljana in 2009, was €1,900,757.80. Conclusions. The costs paid to the Institute of Oncology Ljubljana by health insurance for treating mCRC with systemic therapy do not match the actual cost of treatment. In fact, the difference between the payment and the actual cost estimated as direct medical costs of hospitalization of mCRC patients treated with systemic therapy at the Institute of Oncology Ljubljana in 2009 was €1,900,757.80. The model Australian Refined Diagnosis Related Groups (AR-DRG) for cost assessment in oncology being currently used is probably one of the reasons for the discrepancy between pay-outs and actual costs. We propose new method for more precise cost assessment in oncology. PMID:26029033

  8. Palaeoenvironment and fluvial history of river Danube between the Neolithic settlement sites of Vinca and Starcevo, Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Penezic, Kristina; Kadereit, Annette; Thiemeyer, Heinrich

    2013-04-01

    The Neolithic site of Vinca - Belo brdo (ca. 5600 - 4200 BC) is located on the right bank of the Danube River, some 14 km downstream of the city of Belgrade in Serbia. The significance of the Vinca settlement is in its long occupational history, which produced more than 9 meters of settlement layers that provided archaeologists with an understanding of the chronological sequencing and development from the Middle to Late Neolithic in central Serbia. Vinca - Belo brdo was designated as the locus typicus for the Vinca Culture and is considered by many archaeologists as one of the most important sites of the European Neolithic. On the opposite, left side of the river Danube, the early Neolithic site of Starcevo is situated. It spans through the early Neolithic period dated to the seventh and the sixth millennium BC and it is the locus typicus for the Starcevo culture that on the territory of modern-day Serbia precedes the Vinca culture. The vicinity of the Danube influenced the development of these settlements and the relationship between them. Serving as a landmark, border, source of food, but also endangering the sites by a shifting stream course, the Danube is essential. Therefore it is important to define the position of the river during the occupational span of the Neolithic settlements and later. In our study, the early to mid-Holocene environmental changes of the fluvial landscape between the two Neolithic settlement sites are explored. We present preliminary results of recent geomorphological, sedimentological and archaeological investigations, as well as OSL dating, which were combined with relevant information from historical maps and satellite imagery in order to reconstruct the fluvial palaeolandscape.

  9. Latest research related to climate change analysis with applications in impact studies over the territory of Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vukovic, Ana; Vujadinovic, Mirjam; Djurdjevic, Vladimir; Cvetkovic, Bojan; Djordjevic, Marija; Ruml, Mirjana; Rankovic-Vasic, Zorica; Przic, Zoran; Stojicic, Djurdja; Krzic, Aleksandra; Rajkovic, Borivoj

    2015-04-01

    Serbia is a country with relatively small scale terrain features with economy mostly based on local landowners' agricultural production. Climate change analysis must be downscaled accordingly, to recognize climatological features of the farmlands. Climate model simulations and impact studies significantly contribute to the future strategic planning in economic development and therefore impact analysis must be approached with high level of confidence. This paper includes research related to climate change and impacts in Serbia resulted from cooperative work of the modeling and user community. Dynamical downscaling of climate projections for the 21st century with multi-model approach and statistical bias correction are done in order to prepare model results for impact studies. Presented results are from simulations performed using regional EBU-POM model, which is forced with A1B and A2 SRES/IPCC (2007) with comparative analysis with other regional models and from the latest high resolution NMMB simulations forced with RCP8.5 IPCC scenario (2012). Application of bias correction of the model results is necessary when calculated indices are not linearly dependent on the model results and delta approach in presenting results with respect to present climate simulations is insufficient. This is most important during the summer over the north part of the country where model bias produce much higher temperatures and less precipitation, which is known as "summer drying problem" and is common in regional models' simulations over the Pannonian valley. Some of the results, which are already observed in present climate, like higher temperatures and disturbance in the precipitation pattern, lead to present and future advancement of the start of the vegetation period toward earlier dates, associated with an increased risk of the late spring frost, extended vegetation period, disturbed preparation for the rest period, increased duration and frequency of the draught periods, etc. Based on the projected climate changes an application is proposed of the ensemble seasonal forecasts for early preparation in case of upcoming unfavorable weather conditions. This paper was realized as a part of the projects "Studying climate change and its influence on the environment: impacts, adaptation and mitigation" (43007) and "Assessment of climate change impacts on water resources in Serbia" (37005) financed by the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Serbia within the framework of integrated and interdisciplinary research for the period 2011-2015.

  10. Smectite clays of Serbia and their application in adsorption of organic dyes

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miloševi?, Maja; Logar, Mihovil

    2014-05-01

    Colorants and dyes are currently available in over a 100.000 different species and several biggest industries are using them daily in their manufacture processes (textile, cosmetics, food industry, etc.). Since colorants are easily dissoluble in water they pass through filter membranes without further decomposing and in that manner they end up in the environment. The main goal of this work is to apply certain methods in determining the suitability of individual clay in adsorbing and removing colorants from polluted waters. For this study we have chosen four different raw clays from three regions in Serbia: Svrljig (B), Bogovina (Bo) and Slatina-Ub (C and V) and as colorant - methylene blue dye (MB (MERCK, for analytical purposes)). Experiments where carried out to determine the sample structure (XRD and IR), grain size (granulometry), cationic exchange capacity (CEC via spectrophotometry using MB) and adsorption capabilities (spectrophotometry and fluorimetry using MB). XRD and IR data are showing that the samples are smectite clays where samples B i Bo are mainly montmorillonite while C and V are montmorillonite-illite clays. Granulometric distribution results indicate that samples B i Bo have smaller grain size, less that 1? (over 60%) whereas the samples C and V are more coarse grained (40% over 20?). This grain distribution is affecting their specific surface area in the manner that those coarse grained samples have smaller specific surface area. Cationic exchange capacity determined with methylene blue indicate that montmorillonite samples have larger CEC (B = 37 meq/100g, Bo = 50 meq/100g) and montmorillonite-illite samples smaller CEC (V = 5 meq/100g, V = 3 meq/100g). Fluorimetry measurement results gave us a clear distinction between those with higher and smaller adsorption capability. Montmorillonite samples (B and Bo) with higher CEC values and smaller grain size are adsorbing large amounts of methylene blue witch is visible by absence of fluorimetric band corresponding to methylene blue. Montmorillonite-illite samples with smaller CEC values and coarser grain size are adsorbing very small amounts of methylene blue from the suspension which is visible by appearance of the methylene blue band. Untreated, raw smectite clays of Serbia are efficient adsorbent material for removal of dyes from polluted waters. Samples from two regions especially, Bogovina and Svrljig, are showing favorable adsorption results and they are representing good raw materials for purification of waste-waters containing dyes. References: - Jovi?-Jovi?i?, N., Milutinovi?-Nikoli?, A., Gržeti?, I., Jovanovi?, D.; Organobentonite as efficient textile dye sorbent; Chem. Eng. Technol. 2008, 31, No. 4, 567-574 - Žuni?, M.J., Milutinovi?-Nikoli?, A.D., Jovi?-Jovi?i?, N.P., Bankovi?, P.T., Mojovi?, Z.D., Manojlovi?, D.D., Jovanovi?, D.M.; Modified bentonite as adsorbent and catalyst for purification of wastewaters containing dyes; Hem. ind. 2010, 64 ,No. 3, 193-199

  11. Canine Dirofilaria Infections in Two Uninvestigated Areas of Serbia: Epidemiological and Genetic Aspects

    PubMed Central

    Tasi?, Aleksandar; Tasi?-Otaševi?, Suzana; Gabrielli, Simona; Miladinovi?-Tasi?, Nataša; Ignjatovi?, Aleksandra; ?or?evi?, Jovana; Dimitrijevi?, Sanda

    2012-01-01

    Abstract In 2009 canine filarial infections were investigated in two northern areas of Serbia (Pan?evo and Veliko Gradište), applying morphometry, biochemical staining, and immunological kit to detect Dirofilaria immitis antigens, and two home-made ELISAs to detect antibodies to D. repens and D. immitis somatic/metabolic polyproteins. Moreover, molecular tools were applied to analyze the phylogenetic relationships of the isolates. The microfilariae detected in 21/122 dogs (17.2%) were identified as D. repens (n=21) and D. immitis (n=2). D. immitis antigens were found in another 13 animals with occult infection. All of the 15 heartworm-positive dogs also had antibodies to this parasite, which were detected in another 13 subjects, indicating an overall D. immitis seroprevalence rate of 22.9%. Serology for D. repens revealed evidence of antibodies in 42.6% of the dogs, but was negative for 4 microfilaremic dogs. As for the two different areas, the prevalence of microfilariae and/or D. immitis antigens, mainly due to D. repens microfilaremic animals, was not significantly higher in Veliko Gradište (33.3%) than in Pan?evo (22%). However, serology showed a different epidemiological picture. Heartworm infection occurred more often in both areas, and antibodies to dirofilarial nematodes were detected in 72.9% of dogs living in Pan?evo, a rate higher than in those living in Veliko Gradište (57.1%). No risk factors for infection were found, confirming the uselessness of prophylactic drugs against D. repens, and suggesting the presence in these areas of sunrise- or sunset-biting mosquitoes as important vectors. The results indicate the need for both appropriate entomological studies and further research on the intra-species variability shown by D. repens. PMID:23127188

  12. Gender Differences in Mental Health among Adult Population in Vojvodina, Serbia

    PubMed Central

    KVRGIC, Svetlana; HARHAJI, Sanja; MIJATOVIC JOVANOVIC, Vesna; AC NIKOLIC, Erzebet; RADIC, Ivana; CANKOVIC, Sonja; CANKOVIC, Dusan

    2013-01-01

    Background: Mental health and mental disorders are determined by multiple and interacting social, psychological and biological factors which determine the prevalence, onset and course of mental and behavioral disorders. The aim of the study was to evaluate differences in mental health status regarding gender of the adult population in the Province of Vojvodina. Methods: Research was carried out as a retrospective cross-sectional study. Data was obtained from the “National Health Survey in Serbia, 2006” database that refers to the representative adult population of Vojvodina, aged 20 and over. A specially designed questionnaire was applied as a research instrument. Results: This study included 3627 examinees, average age 49.9 years. In the month prior to the study, a half of the adult population in Vojvodina (48.4%) was exposed to stress and one third had emotional problems (32.9%), while both stress and emotional problems were more prevalent in females. The average score value on the psychological distress scale (presence of negative conditions and feelings) of all examinees was 64.1 (from 0 to 100) and it was statistically significantly lower in women (62.0), compared to men (66.6) (P<0.001). Statisticaly significant differences were also observed between average score values on the role-emotional and vitality scales (P<0.001). Conclusion: When mental health is considered, this research showed that female population is more vulnerable compared to males. Women are more often exposed to stressful situations and emotional problems and more often faced with negative conditions and feelings.

  13. Comparative analysis of essential oils of six Anthemis taxa from Serbia and Montenegro.

    PubMed

    Pavlovi?, Milica; Lakusi?, Dmitar; Kovacevi?, Nada; Tzakou, Olga; Couladis, Maria

    2010-05-01

    The essential-oil composition of six Anthemis taxa from several populations in Serbia and Montenegro, Anthemis triumfetti (L.) DC., A. tinctoria L., A. austriaca Jacq., A. ruthenica Bieb., A. cotula L., and A. cretica ssp. carpatica (Willd.) Grierson were analyzed by GC and GC/MS. The main constituents have been identified as follows: camphor (13.8-15.4%), alpha-pinene (5.2-9.3%), beta-pinene (4.9-7.8%), and (E)-caryophyllene (7.3-9.8%) in three populations, and cis-chrysanthenol (27.0%) and 1,8-cineole (8.4%) in one population of A. triumfetti; 1,8-cineole (9.0-25.8%) in the oils of five populations, and borneol (16.0%) and spatulenol (16.0%) in the oil of one population of A. tinctoria; cis-chrysanthenyl acetate (17.5-22.0%), beta-pinene (8.6-13.2%), and 1,8-cineole (7.2-10.4%) in the oils of A. austriaca; germacrene D (8.3-11.3%) and terpinen-4-ol (6.3-7.3%) in A. ruthenica oils; beta-cedrene (10.3-19.0%), (E)-beta-farnesene (7.8-13.5%), and germacrene D (5.2-9.1%) in the oils of A. cotula; cis-thujone (39.0%), trans-thujone (13.5%), and yomogi alcohol (7.1%) in the oil of A. cretica ssp. carpatica. The essential oil of A. austriaca was studied for the first time. A cluster analysis based on the relative percentages of all components of the essential oils was used to determine the distances between taxa and populations. PMID:20491079

  14. Geochemistry and metamorphic evolution of the Pohorje Mountain eclogites from the easternmost Austroalpine basement of the Eastern Alps (Northern Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Sassi, Raffaele; Mazzoli, Claudio; Miller, Christine; Konzett, Jürgen

    2004-11-01

    Kyanite-rich and quartz-rich eclogites occur as lenses within amphibolite-facies quartzo-feldspathic gneisses in the Pohorje Mountains, Northern Slovenia, that form the easternmost Austroalpine basement. Major and trace elements indicate that the kyanite-rich eclogites were derived from plagioclase-rich gabbroic cumulates, whereas the quartz-rich eclogites represent more fractionated basaltic compositions. Both varieties are characterized by a LREE-depleted N-MORB type REE signature. Geothermobarometry and P- T pseudosections indicate that eclogites equilibrated at 1.8-2.5 GPa and 630-700 °C, consistently with the lack of coesite and with equilibration conditions of the chemically similar eclogites from the adjacent basement units at Koralpe and Saualpe type localities. Decompression reaction textures include (i) clinopyroxene-plagioclase intergrowths after omphacite, (ii) replacement of kyanite by corundum-plagioclase-spineląsapphirine symplectites, (iii) breakdown of phengite to biotite-plagioclase sapphirine symplectites. The results of this study indicate that Koralpe, Saualpe and Pohorje high-pressure rocks represent former MORB-type oceanic crust that was subducted in the course of the late Cretaceous (approximately 100 Ma ago) collision between the European and the Apulian plates.

  15. Source identification and sedimentary record of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Lake Bled (NW Slovenia) using stable carbon isotopes.

    PubMed

    Petriši?, Marinka Gams; Muri, Gregor; Ogrinc, Nives

    2013-02-01

    A combination of molecular and stable isotope analyses was used to trace and identify the sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in sediments of Lake Bled (NW Slovenia). Sediment samples were taken from two locations with contrasting depositional regimes: Zaka Bay, with permanently oxic bottom and station D, where anoxic conditions prevail throughout the year. The concentrations of PAH in surface sediments at the two locations were comparable and higher than in previous studies, reaching 4230 and 4380 ng g(-1), respectively. It was found that retene (Re) and perylene (Per) are both mainly of natural origin in Zaka Bay while, at station D, the value of ?(13)C determined at a depth of 12-14 cm in the 1950s indicated that Re was of pyrolytic origin. The distribution of ?(13)C values of other individual PAH showed that PAH input to lake sediments was of pyrolytic origin, likely dominated by coal and later in 1950s also by wood burning. PAH from vehicular emissions could also contribute to the overall isotope signatures at the depth of 12-14 cm at station D and Zaka Bay corresponding to the period 1953-1961. PMID:23286333

  16. Prediction of blood lead levels in children before and after remediation of soil samples in the upper Meza Valley, Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Jez, Erika; Lestan, Domen

    2015-10-15

    The Meza Valley, Slovenia, has been contaminated by Pb smelting, resulting in an epidemic of lead poisoning in childhood. The potential of remediation with EDTA soil washing to mitigate the risk from Pb poisoning was investigated by applying the Integrated Exposure Uptake Bio-kinetic (IEUBK) model. Soils from 79 locations were collected and the total and bio-accessible Pb concentrations were determined before and after extraction with 60mmolkg(-1) EDTA. Extraction reduced the soil Pb concentration in towns of Mezica, Zerjav and Crna by 53, 67 and 62%, respectively, and the concentration of in vitro bio-accessible Pb in the simulated human gastric phase by 2.6-, 3.2- and 2.9-times, respectively. The predictions of the IEUBK model based on Pb contamination data were verified with data on blood Pb levels in children. The IEUBK model predicted that, after soil remediation, the number of locations at which the expected blood Pb level in children was higher than the stipulated 10?gdL(-1) would decrease by 90, 38 and 91% in the towns of Mezica, Zerjav and Crna, respectively. The results confirmed the feasibility of soil washing with EDTA as an efficient remediation measure in Mezica and Crna and advice for soil capping/removal for the most polluted town of Zerjav. PMID:25917691

  17. Mineralogical and microstructural studies of mortars from the bath complex of the Roman villa rustica near Mosnje (Slovenia)

    SciTech Connect

    Kramar, Sabina, E-mail: sabina.kramar@rescen.si [Institute for the Protection of the Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, Conservation Centre, Restoration Centre, Poljanska 40, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Zalar, Vesna [University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Department of Geology, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Urosevic, Maja [University of Granada, Faculty of Science, Department of Mineralogy and Petrology, Avda. Fuentenueva s/n, 18071 Granada (Spain); Koerner, Wilfried [University of Vienna, Department of Environmental Geosciences, Althanstrasse 14, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Mauko, Alenka [Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute, Dimiceva 12, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia); Mirtic, Breda [University of Ljubljana, Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Department of Geology, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Lux, Judita [Institute for the Protection of the Cultural Heritage of Slovenia, Conservation Centre, Preventive Archaeology Department, Tomsiceva 7, 4000 Kranj (Slovenia); Mladenovic, Ana [Slovenian National Building and Civil Engineering Institute, Dimiceva 12, 1000 Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2011-11-15

    This study deals with the characterization of mortars collected from bath complex of the Roman villa rustica from an archeological site near Mosnje (Slovenia). The mortar layers of the mosaics, wall paintings and mortar floors were investigated. A special aggregate consisting of brick fragments was present in the mortars studied. The mineralogical and petrographic compositions of the mortars were determined by means of optical microscopy, X-ray powder diffraction and FTIR spectroscopy. Analysis of aggregate-binder interfaces using SEM-EDS revealed various types of reactivity rims. In order to assess the hydraulic characteristics of the mortars, the acid-soluble fractions were determined by ICP-OES. Furthermore, the results of Hg-porosimetry and gas sorption isotherms showed that mortars with a higher content of brick fragments particles exhibited a higher porosity and a greater BET surface area but a lower average pore diameter compared to mortars lacking this special aggregate. - Highlights: {yields} Mineral and microstructural characterizations of brick-lime mortars. {yields} Hydraulic character of mortars in Roman baths complex. {yields} Reaction rims were observed around brick fragments and dolomitic grains. {yields} Higher content of brick particles yielded a higher BET surface area. {yields} Addition of brick particles increased porosity and diminished pore size diameter.

  18. The formation, structure, and ageing of As-rich hydrous ferric oxide at the abandoned Sb deposit Pezinok (Slovakia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Majzlan, Juraj; Lalinská, Bronislava; Chovan, Martin; Jurkovi?, L.'ubomír; Milovská, Stanislava; Göttlicher, Jörg

    2007-09-01

    The abandoned Sb deposit Pezinok in Slovakia is a significant source of As and Sb pollution that can be traced in the upper horizons of soils kilometers downstream. The source of the metalloids are two tailing impoundments which hold ˜380,000 m 3 of mining waste. The tailings and the discharged water have circumneutral pH values (7.0 ą 0.6) because the acidity generated by the decomposition of the primary sulfides (pyrite, FeS 2; arsenopyrite, FeAsS; berthierite, FeSb 2S 4) is rapidly neutralized by the abundant carbonates. The weathering rims on the primary sulfides are iron oxides which act as very efficient scavengers of As and Sb (with up to 19.2 wt% As and 23.7 wt% Sb). In-situ ?-XANES experiments indicate that As in the weathering rims is fully oxidized (As 5+). The pore solutions in the impoundment body contain up to 81 ppm As and 2.5 ppm Sb. Once these solutions are discharged from the impoundments, they precipitate or deposit masses of As-rich hydrous ferric oxide (As-HFO) with up to 28.3 wt% As 2O 5 and 2.7 wt% Sb. All As-HFO samples are amorphous to X-rays. They contain Fe and As in their highest oxidation state and in octahedral and tetrahedral coordination, respectively, as suggested by XANES and EXAFS studies on Fe K and As K edges. The iron octahedra in the As-HFO share edges to form short single chains and the chains polymerize by sharing edges or corners with the adjacent units. The arsenate ions attach to the chains in a bidentate-binuclear and monodentate fashion. In addition, hydrogen-bonded complexes may exist to satisfy the bonding requirements of all oxygen atoms in the first coordination sphere of As 5+. Structural changes in the As-HFO samples were traced by chemical analyses and Fe EXAFS spectroscopy during an ageing experiment. As the samples age, As becomes more easily leachable. EXAFS spectra show a discernible trend of increasing number of Fe-Fe pairs at a distance of 3.3-3.5 Ĺ, that is, increasing polymerization of the iron octahedra to form larger units with fewer adsorption sites. Therefore, although ferrihydrite is an excellent material for capturing arsenic, its use as a medium for a long-term storage of As has to be considered with a great caution because it will tend to release arsenic as it ages.

  19. Shortlisted Problems with Solutions International Mathematical Olympiad

    E-print Network

    Ardila, Federico

    , Panama, Poland, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Serbia, Slovenia, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan satisfying the relation fpfpfpnqqq " fpn ` 1q ` 1 for all n P Z0. (Serbia) A6. Let m 0 be an integer. Find " 2px3 ´ mx ` 1qPpxq for all real numbers x. (Serbia) #12;4 IMO 2013 Colombia Combinatorics C1. Let n

  20. Atmospheric deposition of heavy metals in northern Serbia and Bosnia-Herzegovina studied by the moss biomonitoring, neutron activation analysis and GIS technology

    Microsoft Academic Search

    M. V. Frontasyeva; T. Ye. Galinskaya; M. Krmar; M. Matavuly; S. S. Pavlov; E. A. Povtoreyko; D. Radnovic; E. Steinnes

    2004-01-01

    The results on atmospheric deposition of heavy metals and other trace elements using the moss biomonitoring technique in the northern part of Serbia and some areas of Bosnia-Herzegovina are presented. Samples of Hypnum cupressiforme along with some other moss types were collected at 92 sites during the summer of 2000. A total of 44 elements were determined by INAA using

  1. National Seminar on Education for Democratic Citizenship (Belgrade, Serbia, December 12-15, 2001). Education for Democratic Citizenship, 2001-2004.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Vojinovic, Suzana

    The main goal of Education for Democratic Citizenship is the building of a modern and democratic society, meaning a high level of political, ethical, social, and cultural conscience within its membership. Within the scope of the initiated reforms of the education system in Serbia, Education for Democratic Citizenship is primarily focused on a…

  2. A new species of Aculops (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyidae) from Serbia on Dipsacus laciniatus L. (Dipsacaceae), a weed target of classical biological control in the United States of America

    Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)

    The new eriophyid mite species Aculops dipsaci n. sp. (Acari: Prostigmata: Eriophyidae) collected from Dipsacus laciniatus L. (Dipsacaceae) in northern Serbia is described and illustrated. Differential diagnosis is provided in comparison with Aculops salixis Xue, Song and Hong. This is the first e...

  3. An Ecophysiological Study of Plants Growing on the Fly Ash Deposits from the “Nikola Tesla–A” Thermal Power Station in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Pavle Pavlovi?; Miroslava Mitrovi?; Lola Djurdjevi?

    2004-01-01

    This ecophysiological research on the ash deposits from the “Nikola Tesla–A” thermal power station in Serbia covered 10 plant species ( Tamarix gallica, Populus alba, Spiraea van-hauttei, Ambrosia artemisifolia, Amorpha fruticosa, Eupatorium cannabinum, Crepis setosa, Epilobium collinum, Verbascum phlomoides, and Cirsium arvense). This paper presents the results of a water regime analysis, photosynthetic efficiency and trace elements (B, Cu, Mn,

  4. New constrains on the thermal history of the Miocene Jarando basin (Southern Serbia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Andri?, Nevena; Životi?, Dragana; Fügenschuh, Bernhard; Cvetkovi?, Vladica

    2013-04-01

    The Jarando basin, located in the internal Dinarides, formed in the course of the Miocene extension affecting the whole Alpine-Carpathian-Dinaride system (Schmid et al., 2008). In the study area Miocene extension led to the formation of a core-complex in the Kopaonik area (Schefer et al., 2011) with the Jarando basin located in the hanging wall of the detachment fault. The Jarando basin is characterized by the presence of bituminous coals, whereas in the other intramontane basins in Serbia coalification did not exceed the subbituminous stage within the same stratigraphic level. Furthermore, the basin hosts boron mineralizations (borates and howlite) and a magnesite deposit, which again implies elevated temperatures. This thermal overprint is possibly due to post-magmatic activity related to the emplacement of Oligocene I-type Kopaonik and Miocene S-type Polumir granitoid (Schefer et al., 2011.). This research project is aimed at providing new information about the thermal history of the Jarando basin. Fifteen core samples from three boreholes and 10 samples from the surrounding outcrops were processed for apatite fission-track analysis. Additionally, vitrinite reflectance was measured for 11 core samples of shales from one borehole and 5 samples of coal from an underground mine. VR data of Early to Middle Miocene sediments reveal a strong post-depositional overprint. Values increase with the depth from 0.66-0.79% to 0.83-0.90%. Thus organic matter reached the bituminous stage and experienced temperatures of around 110-120?C (Barker and Pawlewicz, 1994). FT single grain ages for apatite scatter between 45 Ma to 10 Ma with a general trend towards younger ages with depth. Both, the spread in single grain ages together with the bimodal track lengths distribution clearly point to partial annealing of the detrital apatites. With the temperature given from the VR values the partial annealing points to a rather short-lived thermal event. This is assisted by thermal modelling of our fission track data indicating that maximum temperatures of <120°C around 15-12 Ma. We correlate the thermal event with the extension and core-complex formation followed by the syn-extensional intrusion of the Polumir granite. Later cooling from 10 Ma onwards is related to basin inversion and erosion.

  5. Monthly analysis of indices based on daily minimum temperatures in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Putnikovic, Suzana; Tosic, Ivana; Unkasevic, Miroslava

    2015-04-01

    The following climate indices were analyzed: frost days (FD), cold nights (TN10p), warm nights (TN90p), minimum value of daily minimum temperature (TNn), and tropical nights (TR). Monthly analysis was performed for indices based on the daily minimum temperature at eight stations in Serbia during the period 1950-2009. The non-parametric Mann-Kendall test was used to determine whether the trends were statistically significant. It was found that the trends of FD and TN10p were negative for all the months except for November and December. The significant negative trend of TN10p during the period 1950-2009 was recorded in March, May, August, September and October. There was a positive trend of TN90p, TR for all months and TNn except for October, November and December. The significant positive trend of TN90p was observed in March, May, during the summer months and October, while for TR in July and August, i.e., in the two hottest months. The negative minimum temperature anomaly of about -5.7 °C in February 1956 was obtained for the negative values of the East Atlantic index (EAI) and North Atlantic Oscillation index (NAOI). The positive temperature anomaly of about 3.0 °C in November 2009 was recorded for the positive value of the EAI and small negative value of the NAOI. Hence, the negative/positive anomalies prevailed for the negative/positive values of the EAI. In order to investigate the impact of the low-frequency large-scale variability pattern on the minimum temperature, EAI was compared through a correlation analysis with the time series of the climate indices. It was found that the monthly coefficient of correlation between the EAI and climate indices was negative for FD and TN10p, and positive one for TN90p and TR. The highest monthly correlation was found for FD and TN90p in February and for TN10p and TR in August. Since the highest correlation in value of about 0.7 is obtained in February, it could be concluded that the EA can explain about 50% of the total variability of the minimum temperature.

  6. Signature of the last ice age in the present subsurface temperatures in the Czech Republic and Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Šafanda, Jan; Rajver, Dušan

    2001-06-01

    Ground surface temperature (GST) history can be evaluated by analysing the present-day temperature-depth profiles measured in boreholes. Due to the diffusive character of the process, however, the resolution of the method decreases quickly for the more remote events. The reconstructed GST at a given moment in the past is a weighted average of temperature over a certain period of time. The present study shows that because the cold climate of the last (Weichselian) glacial prevailed in the period of 75-10 ka, there is a chance to obtain its mean GST, despite the large averaging intervals, from temperature profiles measured in deep boreholes. This fact is demonstrated on the GST inversions of carefully selected profiles, three from the Czech Republic and two from Slovenia, the depth of which ranges between 1.5 and 2.4 km. They yield GST histories with a minimum between 19 and 10 ka followed by a warming of 6-15 K. In order to suppress the nonclimatic noise and to extract the common signal, the joint inversions were carried out for the Czech and the Slovenian boreholes, respectively. The Czech data show the minimum at 17 ka and the warming of 8 K. The Slovenian data have the minimum at 16 ka and the warming amounts to 7 K. These results agree well with information extracted earlier from the German KTB super deep borehole, where the inversion of the temperature log indicated 10 K warming since the glacial minimum, and represent an independent estimate of the difference between glacial and interglacial conditions typical for the region of Central Europe.

  7. Molecular genetic identification of skeletal remains from the Second World War Konfin I mass grave in Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    Gornjak Pogorelc, Barbara; Balažic, Jože

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes molecular genetic identification of one third of the skeletal remains of 88 victims of postwar (June 1945) killings found in the Konfin I mass grave in Slovenia. Living relatives were traced for 36 victims. We analyzed 84 right femurs and compared their genetic profiles to the genetic material of living relatives. We cleaned the bones, removed surface contamination, and ground the bones into powder. Prior to DNA isolation using Biorobot EZ1 (Qiagen), the powder was decalcified. The nuclear DNA of the samples was quantified using the real-time polymerase chain reaction method. We extracted 0.8 to 100 ng DNA/g of bone powder from 82 bones. Autosomal genetic profiles and Y-chromosome haplotypes were obtained from 98% of the bones, and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) haplotypes from 95% of the bones for the HVI region and from 98% of the bones for the HVII region. Genetic profiles of the nuclear and mtDNA were determined for reference persons. For traceability in the event of contamination, we created an elimination database including genetic profiles of the nuclear and mtDNA of all persons that had been in contact with the skeletal remains. When comparing genetic profiles, we matched 28 of the 84 bones analyzed with living relatives (brothers, sisters, sons, daughters, nephews, or cousins). The statistical analyses showed a high confidence of correct identification for all 28 victims in the Konfin I mass grave (posterior probability ranged from 99.9% to more than 99.999999%). PMID:20217112

  8. Aphanomyces astaci in wild crayfish populations in Slovenia: first report of persistent infection in a stone crayfish Austropotamobius torrentium population.

    PubMed

    Kusar, Darja; Vrezec, Al; Ocepek, Matja; Jencic, Vlasta

    2013-03-26

    All 5 crayfish species inhabiting Slovenian freshwaters, of which 3 are indigenous crayfish species (ICS: Astacus astacus, Austropotamobius pallipes, and A. torrentium) and 2 are non-indigenous (NICS: Pacifastacus leniusculus and Cherax quadricarinatus), were inspected for the presence of Aphanomyces astaci, the causative agent of crayfish plague. Wild crayfish populations showing no clinical signs of infection were inspected using A. astaci-specific real-time PCR. In addition, a conventional PCR assay was employed and confirmative sequencing was performed. Out of 88 analyzed crayfish, 15/27 (55.6%) specimens of A. torrentium from Borovnišc?%%KERN_ERR%%ica Brook and 4/35 (11.4%) of P. leniusculus from the Mura River tested positive, showing low to moderate levels of infection (agent levels A1-A4 and A1-A3, respectively). Results revealed the presence of A. astaci not only in the resistant NICS but also in ICS, since the infected population of A. torrentium presumably had no contact with the NICS carrier and appeared to sustain A. astaci infection in the 2 sampling years. Although the A. astaci genotype has not yet been identified, a connection between the latent infection in ICS and a Group A strain of A. astaci, co-evolving with A. torrentium since its first introduction to Slovenia, is suggested as the most plausible conclusion. This is the first reported population of the genus Austropotamobius with persistent infection, in addition to the already known populations of the genus Astacus. Findings of the presumed co-evolution of A. astaci and ICS hosts open new perspectives, necessitating additional studies on the presence of A. astaci genotypes in the persistently infected ICS populations. PMID:23548366

  9. Risk assessment of buckwheat flour contaminated by thorn-apple (Datura stramonium L.) alkaloids: a case study from Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Perhari?, Lucija; Koželj, Gordana; Družina, Branko; Stanovnik, Lovro

    2013-01-01

    In Slovenia, a mass poisoning incident involving 73 consumers with symptoms such as dry mouth, hot red skin, blurred vision, tachycardia, urinary retention, ataxia, speech disturbance, disorientation and visual hallucinations occurred in 2003. In all cases, consumers had eaten buckwheat flour food products within the last few hours. Investigations by responsible authorities identified the contamination of a range of buckwheat food products with thorn-apple (Datura stramonium L.) seeds containing toxic alkaloids, atropine and scopolamine. To ensure the safe consumption of buckwheat food products, we carried out risk characterisation and proposed provisional maximum residue levels (MRLs) of atropine and scopolamine mixture in buckwheat flour. In the absence of critical "no observed adverse effect levels" for atropine and scopolamine, we based our estimation of the acute reference doses on the lowest recommended therapeutic doses. Taking into account the additive effect of the two alkaloids, we calculated acute reference doses of the mixture, that is 0.05 ľg/kg of body mass for atropine and 0.03 ľg/kg of body mass for scopolamine. MRLs for atropine and scopolamine mixture in buckwheat flour were estimated in a worst-case scenario, that is consumption of 100 g of flour by a child weighing 10 kg and taking into account a range of atropine/scopolamine ratio in implicated food products, that is 0.85-3.3. We proposed the national MRLs for atropine/scopolamine mixture in buckwheat food products: 4.0 ľg/kg (atropine) and 2.0 ľg/kg(scopolamine). However, in view of the large variability in the alkaloid content, depending on the origin of the Datura, we propose that risk assessment should be carried out on a case-by-case basis, taking into account the ratio between atropine and scopolamine content in a particular sample. PMID:23244511

  10. Family physicians' management of genetic aspects of a cardiac disease: a scenario-based study from slovenia.

    PubMed

    Klemenc-Ketiš, Z; Peterlin, B

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to find out how Slovenian family physicians (FPs) would manage a hypothetical clinical case, to explore their views about possible ethical dilemmas associated with this clinical case and to determine possible associations with demographic and other characteristics of FPs. This was an observational cross-sectional postal study in the Slovenian FPs' surgeries. The study population consisted of the whole population of Slovenian FPs (n = 950). The main outcome measures were the percentages of the answers of FPs on different questions about the clinical case on the management of patient and his relative with hereditary cardiomyopathy. There were 271 FPs who answered the questionnaire (response rate was 27.1%). A sample included 66 (24.4%) men and the mean age of all respondents was 45.5 ą 10.6 years. When dealing with the clinical case, most FPs expressed willingness to take the patient's family history. Only 34.2% FPs did not believe that ordering genetic tests was part of their job. Additionally, only 50.0% of them felt competent to interpret the genetic risk, 25.0% of them would give information about genetic testing and only 6.0% would interpret the results of the genetic testing. Family physicians in Slovenia were willing to include genetic tasks into routine management of their patients, but they do not feel competent enough to interpret the genetic risks and the results of genetic testing. However, an important part of FPs would not refer patients at risk to genetic counseling. The inclusion of genetic topics to family medicine specialization curriculum is needed. PMID:25741210

  11. Longitudinal trends of recent HIV-1 infections in Slovenia (1986-2012) determined using an incidence algorithm.

    PubMed

    Lunar, Maja M; Matkovi?, Ivana; Tomaži?, Janez; Vovko, Tomaž D; Pe?avar, Blaž; Poljak, Mario

    2015-09-01

    Resolving dilemma whether the rise in the number of HIV diagnoses represents an actual increase in HIV transmissions or is a result of improved HIV surveillance is crucial before implementing national HIV prevention strategies. Annual proportions of recent infections (RI) among newly diagnosed persons infected with HIV-1 in Slovenia during 27 years (1986-2012) were determined using an algorithm consisting of routine baseline CD4 and HIV viral load measurements and the Aware BED EIA HIV-1 Incidence Test (BED test). The study included the highest coverage of persons diagnosed with HIV during the entire duration of an HIV epidemic in a given country/region (71%). Out of 416 patients, 170 (40.9%) had a baseline CD4 cell count less than 200 cells/mm(3) and/or HIV-1 viral load less than 400 copies/ml and were characterized as having a long-standing infection (LSI). The remaining 246 patients were additionally tested using the BED test. Overall, 23% (97/416) of the patients were labeled RI. The characteristics significantly associated with RI were as follows: younger age, acute retroviral syndrome, CDC class A and other than C, no AIDS defining illnesses, HIV test performed in the past, a higher viral load, and a higher CD4 cell count. An interesting trend in the proportion of RI was observed, with a peak in 2005 (47% of RI) and the lowest point in 2008 (12%) in parallel with a rise in the numbers of new HIV diagnoses. This study could help promote the idea of introducing periodic HIV incidence monitoring using a simple and affordable algorithm. J. Med. Virol. 87:1510-1516, 2015. Š 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:25970253

  12. Statistical analyses of soil properties on a quaternary terrace sequence in the upper sava river valley, Slovenia, Yugoslavia

    USGS Publications Warehouse

    Vidic, N.; Pavich, M.; Lobnik, F.

    1991-01-01

    Alpine glaciations, climatic changes and tectonic movements have created a Quaternary sequence of gravely carbonate sediments in the upper Sava River Valley, Slovenia, Yugoslavia. The names for terraces, assigned in this model, Gu??nz, Mindel, Riss and Wu??rm in order of decreasing age, are used as morphostratigraphic terms. Soil chronosequence on the terraces was examined to evaluate which soil properties are time dependent and can be used to help constrain the ages of glaciofluvial sedimentation. Soil thickness, thickness of Bt horizons, amount and continuity of clay coatings and amount of Fe and Me concretions increase with soil age. The main source of variability consists of solutions of carbonate, leaching of basic cations and acidification of soils, which are time dependent and increase with the age of soils. The second source of variability is the content of organic matter, which is less time dependent, but varies more within soil profiles. Textural changes are significant, presented by solution of carbonate pebbles and sand, and formation is silt loam matrix, which with age becomes finer, with clay loam or clayey texture. The oldest, Gu??nz, terrace shows slight deviation from general progressive trends of changes of soil properties with time. The hypothesis of single versus multiple depositional periods of deposition was tested with one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) on a staggered, nested hierarchical sampling design on a terrace of largest extent and greatest gravel volume, the Wu??rm terrace. The variability of soil properties is generally higher within subareas than between areas of the terrace, except for the soil thickness. Observed differences in soil thickness between the areas of the terrace could be due to multiple periods of gravel deposition, or to the initial differences of texture of the deposits. ?? 1991.

  13. Heterogeneous extrusion and exhumation of deep-crustal Variscan assembly: Geochronology of the Western Tatra Mountains, northern Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Moussallam, Y.; Schneider, D. A.; Janák, M.; Thöni, M.; Holm, D. K.

    2012-07-01

    The nature and style of mid-crustal assembly and exhumation during continental collision has been investigated in the Tatra Mountains of the Western Carpathians. The pre-Alpine basement of the Western Carpathians represents the easternmost exposure of the Variscan orogen in Europe, which marks the collision of Laurasia with Gondwanian-affiliated terranes during the Palaeozoic. The Tatric crystalline unit of the Western Tatra in northern Slovakia displays an inverted metamorphic sequence where a high-grade unit comprising migmatites with relicts of eclogite has been thrust over a lower-grade mica schist unit. New geochronological and thermochronological data together with published thermobarometry illuminate the metamorphic history of the Western Tatra. The Upper Unit eclogites with occasionally preserved omphacite record near isothermal decompression from 1.6 GPa to 1.0-1.2 GPa at 750-800 °C which lead to intensive re-equilibration at high-pressure granulite facies conditions, comparable to the peak metamorphic conditions of the host migmatite. Both eclogite and migmatite shared a retrograde P-T path following the insertion of the eclogite assemblage into the migmatites. The metamorphic evolution of the Lower Unit mica schist is constrained to peak P-T conditions of 0.6-0.8 GPa and 640 and 660 °C followed by retrogression. This suggests that different rock types of the Western Tatra metamorphic core shared only their exhumation path from mid-crustal levels. ID-TIMS Sm-Nd dating of garnet from eclogite yields a whole rock-garnet isochron age of 337 ą 10 Ma, with an initial ?Nd isotopic composition of + 8.3. In situ U-Pb dating of monazite from a migmatite surrounding the eclogite shows one age population of c. 380 Ma whereas monazite from a migmatite away from the eclogite preserves a robust 340 ą 11 Ma age which is indistinguishable from Sm-Nd garnet age and U-Pb age of zircons in the anatectic leucosome of the migmatite (347 ą 7 Ma). A younger monazite age population from the migmatite of 300 ą 16 Ma is consistent with 40Ar/39Ar mica ages of c. 310 Ma. This argues for a contemporaneous, and likely shared, exhumation path of the assemblage pair. In situ monazite total-Pb analyses from the Lower Unit mica schists yields xenocrystic and c. 370 Ma ages, but no geochronologic evidence for peak Variscan tectonism. Exhumation of the deep crustal root occurred most probably in a two-stage process. The timing of the high-pressure, eclogite facies metamorphism before the onset of exhumation into the mid crust, was likely between c. 380 Ma and 360 Ma. Subsequent exhumation into the middle crust was coeval with migmatite generation at c. 340 Ma and garnet diffusion modeling suggest ~ 30 °C/Ma cooling rates. The exhumation was likely tectonically forced by the action of a rigid indentor, which prompted the weak lower crust to be heterogeneously extruded to mid-crustal levels at a time coeval with anatexis and subsequently extruded with mid-crustal material to the upper crust.

  14. Heat waves frequency analysis and spatial-temporal variability of daily maximum temperature in southern Slovakia within the 1951, respectively 1961-2008 periods

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pecho, J.; Faško, P.; Mikulová, K.; Šâstný, P.

    2009-09-01

    Heat waves temporal and spatial analysis at selected meteorological stations in southern part of Slovakia within the 1951, respectively 1961-2008 periods is a goal of the presented contribution. It is expected that climate change in terms of global warming would amplify temporal frequency and spatial extension of extreme heat wave incidence in region of central Europe in the next few decades. The frequency of occurrence and amplitude of heat waves may be impacted by changes in the temperature regime. Heat waves can cause severe thermal environmental stress leading to higher hospital admission rates, health complications, and increased mortality. These effects arise because of one or more meteorology-related factors such as higher effective temperatures, sunshine, more consecutive hot days and nights, stagnation, increased humidity, increased pollutant emissions, and accelerated photochemical smog and particulate formation. Heat waves bring about higher temperatures, increased solar heating of buildings, inhibited ventilation, and a larger number of consecutive warm days and nights. All of these effects increase the thermal loads on buildings, reduce their ability to cool down, and increase indoor temperatures. The paper deals with analysis of temporal and spatial variability of heat waves occurrence at meteorological station Hurbanovo (time series of daily maximum air temperature available from at least 1901) and some other climatological stations in lowlands of southern Slovakia (Žiharec, Bratislava-airport, Jaslovské Bohunice, KráÄžová pri Senci, etc.). We can characterize the heat waves by its magnitude and duration, hence both of these characteristics need to be investigated together using sophisticated statistical methods developed particularly for the analysis of extreme hydrological events. These methods are quite similar to the intensity-duration-frequency approach often used in the analysis of extreme precipitation events. The HDF-curves (heatwave-duration-frequency curves) defining relation between duration and return period of heat wave is usually modelled utilizing the general extreme value distribution (GEV).

  15. Contact Us: MedlinePlus

    MedlinePLUS

    ... indexrwd.cfm?lang=en Contact the U.S. National Library of Medicine Thank you for visiting MedlinePlus. We ... Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Taiwan ...

  16. 77 FR 10478 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-02-22

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [FR Doc. 2012-4122 Filed 2-21-12; 8:45 am]...

  17. 76 FR 72677 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-11-25

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [FR Doc. 2011-30409 Filed 11-23-11; 8:45...

  18. 78 FR 40102 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2013-07-03

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. Subsidy Programs on Cheese Subject to an In-Quota...

  19. 22 CFR 120.31 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-04-01

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Turkey, United Kingdom and the United States. [70 FR 50959, Aug. 29,...

  20. 76 FR 60805 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-09-30

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [FR Doc. 2011-25301 Filed 9-29-11; 8:45 am]...

  1. 15 CFR Supplement No. 3 to Part 740 - License Exception ENC Favorable Treatment Countries

    Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

    2011-01-01

    ...Ireland Italy Japan Latvia Lithuania Luxembourg Malta Netherlands New Zealand Norway Poland Portugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey United Kingdom [69 FR 71363, Dec. 9, 2004, as...

  2. 77 FR 32567 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2012-06-01

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [FR Doc. 2012-13243 Filed 5-31-12; 8:45 am]...

  3. 75 FR 17699 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-04-07

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [FR Doc. 2010-7906 Filed 4-6-10; 8:45 am]...

  4. 76 FR 2346 - Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of Foreign Government Subsidies on Articles of Cheese Subject...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-13

    ...Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. [FR Doc. 2011-617 Filed 1-12-11; 8:45 am]...

  5. Current status of human papillomavirus vaccination implementation in central and eastern Europe.

    PubMed

    Seme, Katja; Maver, Polona J; Kora?, Tina; Canton, Amalia; ?ástková, Jitka; Dimitrov, Goran; Filippova, Irina; Hudecová, Helena; Iljazovi?, Ermina; Kai?, Bernard; Kesi?, Vesna; Kuprevi?ien?, Nerija; Lauševi?, Dragan; Molnár, Zsuzsanna; Perevoš?ikovs, Jurijs; Spaczy?ski, Marek; Stefanova, Venera; U?akar, Veronika; Poljak, Mario

    2013-01-01

    We present a review of the current implementation status of vaccination against human papillomaviruses (HPV) and available data concerning the burden of HPV infection and HPV type-specific distribution in 16 central and eastern European countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia. At least one current HPV prophylactic vaccine is registered in all central and eastern European countries except Montenegro. Six counties-Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Romania, Slovenia, and Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia-have integrated the HPV vaccination into their national immunization program and currently provide routine vaccination free of charge to the primary target population. Ten countries have not integrated HPV vaccination into the national immunization program. The key reasons for lack of implementation of HPV vaccination into the national immunization program are the high vaccine cost and negative public perception. Vaccination of males is not recommended in any country in the region. PMID:23674181

  6. Measurement and evaluation of the environmental noise levels in the urban areas of the city of Nis (Serbia).

    PubMed

    Prascevic, Momir R; Mihajlov, Darko I; Cvetkovic, Dragan S

    2014-02-01

    The environmental noise level represents one of the key factors of life quality in urban areas of modern cities. A continuous monitoring of the noise levels and the analysis of results have become a necessity when we discuss a possible recovery of those areas with high levels of noise pollution, and particularly, those zones which were designed for specific activities, e.g., areas around hospitals and schools. The city of Nis, Serbia, owing to the permanent long-term noise monitoring, possesses a database containing figures related to the noise levels at relevant locations in the city, which can serve as a basis for an analysis of the change of conditions, their tendencies in the future, and recognizing factors which influence the danger of noise pollution. The paper involves an analysis of the environmental noise level collected during the previous years. PMID:24197556

  7. Chemical composition and some trace element contents in coals and coal ash from Tamnava-Zapadno Polje Coal Field, Serbia

    SciTech Connect

    Vukasinovic-Pesic, V.; Rajakovic, L.J. [University of Montenegro, Podgorica (Montenegro)

    2009-07-01

    The chemical compositions and trace element contents (Zn, Cu, Co, Cr, Ni, Pb, Cd, As, B, Hg, Sr, Se, Be, Ba, Mn, Th, V, U) in coal and coal ash samples from Tamnava-Zapadno Polje coal field in Serbia were studied. The coal from this field belongs to lignite. This high volatility coal has high moisture and low S contents, moderate ash yield, and high calorific value. The coal ash is abundant in alumosilicates. Many trace elements such as Ni > Cd > Cr > B > As > Cu > Co > Pb > V > Zn > Mn in the coal and Ni > Cr > As > B > Cu > Co = Pb > V > Zn > Mn in the coal ash are enriched in comparison with Clarke concentrations.

  8. Secondary metabolites from the aerial parts of Centaurea pannonica (Heuff.) Simonk. from Serbia and their chemotaxonomic importance.

    PubMed

    Miloševi? Ifantis, Tanja; Soluji?, Slavica; Pavlovi?-Muratspahi?, Dragana; Skaltsa, Helen

    2013-10-01

    The non polar extract of Centaurea pannonica (Heuff.) Simonk., growing wild in Serbia, was studied and twenty-five compounds including 14 sesquiterpene lactones, 7 flavonoids, 3 lignans and 1 phenylpropanoid glycoside were isolated. All compounds were isolated for the first time from this species. Among them, one germacranolide 2?-hydroxy, 8-dehydroxy 15-O-methacrylate salonitenolide (1) and two guaianolides 2?,8?-dihydroxy-dehydrocostus lactone (2) and pannonin (3) are new natural compounds. The structures of the compounds were established on the basis of spectroscopic analyses (UV, IR, HREIMS and 1D & 2D NMR). The chemical profile of C. pannonica, which belongs to the "Centaurea jacea" group, was compared to previously studied taxa of the same group and used to assess the phylogenetic relationships in the group. PMID:23827325

  9. Combined Natural Gas and Solar Technologies for Heating and Cooling in the City of NIS in Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Stefanovi?, Velimir P.; Boji?, Milorad Lj.

    2010-06-01

    The use of conventional systems for heat and electricity production in Niš and Serbia means a constant waste of energy, and money. This problem is present in both industrial and public sector. Using conventional systems, means not only low-energy efficient systems, and technologies, but also using very "dirty" technologies, which cause heavy environment pollution. The lack of electricity in our country, and region is also present. The gas pipeline in Niš was finished not long ago, and second gas pipeline is about to be made in the next couple of years. This opens a door for implementing new technologies and the use of new methods for production of heat and electricity, while preserving our environment. This paper reports discussion of this technology with management of public institutions, which use both heat and electricity.

  10. Last glacial aeolian dynamics at the Titel loess plateau (Vojvodina, Serbia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Markovi?, S. B.; Bokhorst, M. P.; Machalett, B.; Štrbac, D.; Hambach, U.; Basarin, B.; Svir?ev, Z.; Stevens, T.; Frechen, M.; Vandenberghe, J.

    2009-04-01

    The Titel loess plateau (Vojvodina, Serbia) is situated at the confluence of the rivers Danube and Tisa, in the southeastern part of the Ba?ka subregion. Various phases of fluvial erosion have shaped the ellipsoid form of the plateau, which is characterized by steep slopes on the margins. The Titel loess plateau is a unique geomorphologic feature, further emphasising the wide diversity of the loess landforms. The plateau is an island of loess with a maximum length of about 16 km and a maximum width of 7.2 km. Thick loess deposits of between 35 and 55 m are intercalated by 5 main pedocomplexes likely deposited thought the last 5 glacial/interglacial cycles. Steep loess cliffs expose several important sections for understanding climatic and environmental change during the middle and late Pleistocene in the region. The succession of palaeosols through the sequence strongly suggests a transition from humid interglacial climates in the middle Pleistocene, to drier interglacial climates in the late Pleistocene. Past aeolian dynamics have been reconstructed using magnetic susceptibility, grain size, geochemical and malacological investigations by depth in the thick last glacial unit. Luminescence dating and magnetic susceptibility inter-profile correlation provide the chronological framework. Lower last glacial loess unit V-L1L2 is loosely cemented porous sandy loess, with occasional fine laminations and thin, fine sand beds. Identified malacofauna indicates very dry climatic conditions and poor steppic vegetation. It is hypothesized that while the last glacial vegetation cover is extremely sparse, significant sedimentation rates during the lower last glacial can be explained by the presence of a cyanobacterial crust. Protection of loess sediments from deflation by the presence of a cyanobacterial crust is observed at present in loess quarries (Ruma, Crvenka, Petrovaradin). The middle glacial was warmer and relatively moist, as indicated by an increase in clay content and magnetic susceptibility values in a weakly developed pedocomplex, V-L1S1. Loess sub-layers intercalated into V-L1S1 preserve evidence of episodes of abrupt cooling and aridification. In contrast with other European loess sites, the middle glacial pedocomplex is weakly developed at exposures on the Titel loess plateau. The uppermost late glacial loess stratum V-L1L1 shows low values of magnetic susceptibility and clay content, plus high values of carbonate content and the presence of a few frigophilous and cold resistant snails, preserved in sediments laid down during the coldest palaeoclimatic interval of the last glacial period. Composite mollusc associations in loess unit V-L1L1 suggest a higher diversity of environments in comparison to those preserved in the V-L1L2 and V-L1S1 units. In addition to climatic changes over interglacial-glacial and interstadial-stadial timescales, climate proxies (especially grain size) in the last glacial loess exhibit many abrupt fluctuations. Evidence of similar abrupt high frequency fluctuations during the last glacial period appear in loess through out much of Eurasia. Without a detailed and precise chronological framework, provided by independent dating, as yet it is not possible to determine whether the variations recorded in the Titel plateau loess are related to widely documented events in the North Atlantic or independent regional or local depositional/environmental variations. The intensity of deposition of coarser material during the relatively cold early last glacial exceeds that during the coldest last glacial maximum. This may be explainable via changes in general atmospheric circulation, as well as changes in the transportation and depositio regime of the Danube fluvial system. During the last glacial maximum, extension of the ice sheets in northern Europe was greatest and may have redirected the penetration of Atlantic air masses to the east (e.g. Dodonov and Baiguzina, 1995). Model results presented in van Huissteden and Pollard (2003) indicate strong anticyclonal circulation over the Fennoscandian ice sheet

  11. Niobium-tantalum oxide minerals in the Jezuitské Lesy granitic pegmatite, Bratislava Massif, Slovakia: Ta to Nb and Fe to Mn evolutionary trends in a narrow Be,Cs-rich and Li,B-poor dike

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Chudík; Pavel Uher; Petr Gadas; Radek Škoda; Jaroslav Pršek

    A complex assemblage of Nb-Ta-(Sn) oxide minerals occur in a relatively narrow (~1?2 m thick) extensively albitized, Hercynian\\u000a granitic pegmatite dike intruding biotite granodiorites near Bratislava, SW Slovakia. The dike shows enrichment in beryl (locally\\u000a Cs-rich) but absence of Li- and B-rich phases. Compositions and textural relationships indicate complex evolutions of Nb-Ta\\u000a oxide phases with several generations presenting distinct textural

  12. Role of stress in burnout among students of medicine and dentistry--a study in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Faculty of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Kogoj, Tina Krokter; Cebašek-Travnik, Zdenka; Zaletel-Kragelj, Lijana

    2014-09-01

    Medical education is challenging, but for some students it can be very stressful. Studies suggest that stress during medical education can have a negative impact on students' mental health and that burnout is frequent among medical school students. The aim of this study was to measure burnout among students of medicine/dentistry (M/D) at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, in relation to their perception of stress, so as to enable planning preventative activities for students at risk. The data were collected in a cross-sectional study, carried out in spring 2008 among the total population of MID students of 1St, 3rd, 4th and 6th year, using a self-administered online questionnaire. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) instrument was used. Separate burnout scores were calculated for the exhaustion and disengagement dimensions of burnout, and related to students'perception of stress. Multiple linear regression method was carried out to adjust the association estimates for several potential confounders (gender, study program, relationship status, and grade). The overall response rate was 47.2%, and a total of 476 students participated. Students scored higher on exhaustion than on disengagement dimension--the mean value of burnout scores on the exhaustion dimension scale was -1.68, while it was -4.58 on the disengagement dimension scale. The results showed a statistically significant difference between high and low risk-for-stress groups of students in both burnout dimensions (average value of burnout scores on the exhaustion scale: high risk-for-stress group -3.69, low risk-for-stress group 0.19, p<0.001; average value of burnout scores on the disengagement scale: high risk-for-stress group -5.57, low risk-for-stress group -3.65, p<0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders differences on both burnout subscales remained almost unchanged. Results confirmed our hypothesis that M/D students of Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine who frequently experience stress (especially those with poor coping mechanisms), exhibit higher degree of burnout. PMID:25507353

  13. Role of stress in burnout among students of medicine and dentistry--a study in Ljubljana, Slovenia, Faculty of Medicine.

    PubMed

    Kogoj, Tina Krokter; Cebašek-Travnik, Zdenka; Zaletel-Kragelj, Lijana

    2014-09-01

    Medical education is challenging, but for some students it can be very stressful. Studies suggest that stress during medical education can have a negative impact on students' mental health and that burnout is frequent among medical school students. The aim of this study was to measure burnout among students of medicine/dentistry (M/D) at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Ljubljana, Slovenia, in relation to their perception of stress, so as to enable planning preventative activities for students at risk. The data were collected in a cross-sectional study, carried out in spring 2008 among the total population of MID students of 1St, 3rd, 4th and 6th year, using a self-administered online questionnaire. Oldenburg Burnout Inventory (OLBI) instrument was used. Separate burnout scores were calculated for the exhaustion and disengagement dimensions of burnout, and related to students'perception of stress. Multiple linear regression method was carried out to adjust the association estimates for several potential confounders (gender, study program, relationship status, and grade). The overall response rate was 47.2%, and a total of 476 students participated. Students scored higher on exhaustion than on disengagement dimension--the mean value of burnout scores on the exhaustion dimension scale was -1.68, while it was -4.58 on the disengagement dimension scale. The results showed a statistically significant difference between high and low risk-for-stress groups of students in both burnout dimensions (average value of burnout scores on the exhaustion scale: high risk-for-stress group -3.69, low risk-for-stress group 0.19, p<0.001; average value of burnout scores on the disengagement scale: high risk-for-stress group -5.57, low risk-for-stress group -3.65, p<0.001). After adjustment for potential confounders differences on both burnout subscales remained almost unchanged. Results confirmed our hypothesis that M/D students of Ljubljana Faculty of Medicine who frequently experience stress (especially those with poor coping mechanisms), exhibit higher degree of burnout. PMID:25420369

  14. High-pressure to ultrahigh-pressure metamorphism of kyanite eclogites from Pohorje, Slovenia: microtextural and thermobarometric evidence

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Janak, M.; Vrabec, M.; Horvath, P.; Konecny, P.; Luptak, B.

    2003-04-01

    The evidence for high-pressure (HP) to ultrahigh-pressure (UHP) metamorphism in the Pohorje Mts. (Slovenia) has been found in the kyanite eclogites near Slovenska Bistrica. These eclogites are associated with the metaultrabasite body of 5 x 1 km size, with remnants of garnet peridotite. The country rocks of eclogites and metaultrabasites are amphibolites, paragneisses and micaschists. They belong to the pre-Neogene, metamorphic sequences within the Austroalpine units of the Eastern Alps, exposed in the proximity of the Periadriatic line. Kyanite eclogites consist of garnet, omphacite, kyanite and zoisite as a major primary phases. Garnet is unzoned, with 50 mol % of pyrope and 20 % of grossular content. Omphacite has up to 37 % of jadeite component. Phengite occurs as minor inclusions in garnet, with up to 3.4 Si p.f.u. Quartz inclusions in garnet, omphacite and kyanite are surrounded by radial fractures. Some of these inclusions contain a polycrystalline quartz which is diagnostic of pseudomorphs after coesite. Secondary phases occur in the coronas, symplectites and fractures. The most typical are diopside, amphibole and plagioclase after omphacite, and sapphirine, corundum, spinel and anorthite after kyanite. Sapphirine is peraluminous, close to the 3 : 5 : 1 end-member. Peak metamorphic conditions have been calculated from a combination of the garnet-clinopyroxene and garnet-phengite Fe-Mg exchange thermometers with the net-transfer reactions equilibria: (1) grossular + pyrope + 2 quartz/coesite = 3 diopside + 2 kyanite, and (2) 3 celadonite + 2 grossular + pyrope = 6 diopside + 3 muscovite. The ferric Fe was calculated from the stoichiometry. The intersections of garnet-clinopyroxene thermometer with equilibrium (1) define maximum pressure of 3.3 - 3.6 GPa at temperatures ranging from 760 - 870 °C, well within the coesite stability field. The P-T values obtained from reactions involving phengite are lower (700 - 750 °C; 2.0 - 2.3 GPa), consistent with the stability of quartz. This is interpreted due to retrograde re-equilibration of phengite inclusions. The results obtained from THERMOCALC (version 3.1) cluster close to the quartz/coesite boundary. The age of metamorphism in Pohorje eclogites is unknown. Based on Sm-Nd dating of garnet in the surrounding micaschists and the eclogites from the Koralpe and Saualpe, we suppose that HP and even UHP metamorphism in Pohorje eclogites was Alpine, related to continental subduction during the Cretaceous orogeny.

  15. Petrological, geochemical and isotopic characteristics of lignite and calcified lignite from mining area Pesje, Velenje Basin, Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Vrabec, Mirijam; Marki?, Miloš; Vrabec, Marko; Ja?imovi?, Radojko; Kandu?, Tjaša

    2014-05-01

    Lignite (organic rich) and calcified lignite (inorganic rich) samples from excavation field -50c mining area Pesje, Velenje Basin, Slovenia were investigated. During geological and structural mapping lignite and calcified lignite samples were systematically taken for determination of their petrological, geochemical and isotopic characteristics. Lignite is composed of fine detritical gelified matrix. At least five different types of calcified lignite were recognized forming laminations, calcifications after wood, petrified wood and complete replacements of lignite with carbonate. All measured parameters so far indicate geochemical processes during sedimentation of the Velenej Basin. After macroscopic description samples were split to organic and inorganic component (Ward, 1984) and powdered in an agate mortar for geochemical and isotopic analyses. Major and trace elements (As, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Hg, Mn, Mo, Sb, Se, Th, U, Zn) in these samples were determined by instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) using k-0 standardization method (Ja?imovi? et al, 2002). The isotopic composition of carbon and nitrogen was determined using a Europa 20-20 continuous flow IRMS ANCA-SL preparation module. A 1 mg amount of a sample was weighed in a tin capsule for carbon and 10 mg for nitrogen analysis. Samples for carbon analyses were pretreated with 1 M HCl to remove carbonates. Carbonate samples from carbonate-rich strata and calcified xylite were first roasted at 450 deg C (Krantz et al., 1987). Three miligrams of carbonate sample was transformed into CO2 by reaction with anhydrous H3PO4 at 55 deg C under vacuum (McCrea, 1950) and measured with GV 2003 isotope ratio mass spectrometer. Measured isotopic composition of oxygen as VPDB values was recalculated to the VSMOW reference standard to enable the comparison with data from other coal basins. SEM/EDXS of carbonate rich sediments was performed with JEOL JSM 5800 electron microanalyzer scanning electron microscope energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy at the Department of Ceramics at the Jožef Stefan Institute. Geochemical characteristics of major and trace elements indicate that the values of major and trace elements are comparable to world average coal (Zhang et al., 2004). Isotopic composition of carbon and isotopic composition of nitrogen of investigated samples indicate values from to -29.4o to -23.7o and 1.8o to 5.9o respectively. Lower value of isotopic composition of carbon indicates higher gelification (values up to -29.4) and higher value of isotopic composition of nitrogen (values up to 5.9) indicate higher mineralization. The results of SEM/EDXS microscopy revealed that in calcified lignite chemical composition of calcite prevails. Traces of diagenetic pyrite were also found, indicating localized anoxic conditions during sedimentation. Values of isotopic composition of CCaCO3 range from -2 to +13 and indicate temperature of precipitation from 17.3 to 35 deg C, which is similar to results obtained in previous studies (Kandu? et al., 2012). References Krantz, D.E., Williams, D.F., Jones, D.S., 1987: Ecological and paleoenvironmental information using stable isotope profiles from living and fossil mollusks. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 58, 249-266. Kandu? T., Marki? M., Zavšek S., McIntosh J. 2012: carbon cycling in the Pliocene Velenje Coal Basin, Slovenia, inferred from stable carbon isotopes. International Journal of Coal Geology 89, 70-83. Ja?imovi?, R., Lazaru, A., Mihajlovi?, D., Ili?, R., Stafilov, T., 2002: Determination of major and trace elements in some minerals by k0-instrumental neutron activation analysis. Journal of Radioanalytical Nuclear Chemistry, 253, 427-434. McCrea, JM., 1950. On the isotopic chemistry of carbonates and a paleotemperature scale. Journal of Chemical Physics 18, 849. Ward C.R. (Ed.), 1984: Coal Geology and Coal Technology. Black-well, Oxford, 345 pp. Zhang J.Y., Zheng C.G., Ren D.Y., Chou C.L., Zheng R.S., Wang Z.P., Zhao F. H., Ge Y.T. 2004: Distribution of potentially hazardous trace elements in co

  16. Decreasing incidence of urothelial cancer in a Balkan endemic nephropathy region in Serbia. A surgery based study from 1969 to 1998

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Nebojsa Markovic; Ivan Ignjatovic; Rade Cukuranovic; Branislav Petrovic; Biljana Kocic; Vladisav Stefanovic

    2005-01-01

    The incidence of upper urothelial tumors (UUT) and bladder tumors associated to Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) in the region of South Morava River in Serbia, in the 30-year period, was studied. A total of 575 urothelial neoplasms during 10-year period (1989–1998) was analyzed and compared to 659 urothelial neoplasms in the period from 1969 to 1988. UUT had 11.2-fold increased incidence in

  17. New maturation parameters based on naphthalene and phenanthrene isomerization and dealkylation processes aimed at improved classification of crude oils (Southeastern Pannonian Basin, Serbia)

    Microsoft Academic Search

    K. Stojanovi?; Br. Jovan?i?evi?; Vitorovi; G. S. Pevneva; Ju. A. Golovko; A. K. Golovko

    2007-01-01

    Aiming at improved classification of crude oils, naphthalene and phenanthrene isomerization and dealkylation processes were\\u000a considered in detail as a possible basis to select new maturation parameters. Crude oils originating from the Banat depression\\u000a (Southeastern Pannonian Basin, Serbia) were used as objects of our study. Four new maturation parameters are proposed in this\\u000a paper. Two of them are based on

  18. UNECE Timber Committee Market Discussions 8th October 2003

    E-print Network

    Romania Belarus Ukraine Estonia Latvia Hungary Czech Poland Source: JP database, UNECE/FAO #12 199519961997 19981999 20002001 2002 Million m 3 Others Slovakia Ukraine Lithuania Belarus Estonia Romania.5 2 2.5 Latvia Romania Czech Estonia Belarus Slovakia Lithuania Poland Slovenia B-Herzeg Bulgaria

  19. 75 FR 2879 - Identification of Foreign Countries Whose Nationals Are Eligible To Participate in the H-2A and H...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2010-01-19

    ...Netherlands, Nicaragua, Norway, Serbia, Slovakia, and Uruguay as countries whose nationals are eligible to participate in...Africa, South Korea, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay. This notice does not affect the status of aliens who...

  20. Is a learning curve for arterial switch operation in small countries still acceptable? Model for cooperation in Europe

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V Hraska; T Podnar; P Kunovsky; L Kovacikova; M Kaldararova; E Horvathova; J Masura; J. E Mayer

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the results of a cooperative arrangement between Slovakia and Slovenia for neonatal cardiac surgery. The aim of the study was to analyze the performance of this approach for complete transposition of the great arteries (D-TGA). Methods: Due to the overall small number of new patients with D-TGA in Slovenia a decision was made to avoid a prolonged

  1. Effect of unstable layer depth on the pore pressure distribution, case study of the Slano Blato landslide (Slovenia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Askarinejad, Amin; Secchi, Bandar; Macek, Matej; Petkovsek, Ana; Springman, Sarah

    2013-04-01

    The Slano Blato landslide is one of the largest landslides in Slovenia with a volume of more than 1 mio m3 of moving debris. The landslide is located at the border of Triassic limestone and Eocene flysch formations. Flysch is composed of layers of marls and sandstones. The sliding mass consists mainly of clay and clayey gravel of highly weathered and deteriorated flysch, while a minor part represents grains and blocks of limestones. (Petkovšek et al., 2009). The first documentation of an instability event dates back to 1789 and the landslide was reactivated during a heavy rain period in November 2000. Since then, the ground surface level above the unstable material on the upper zones of the landslide is significantly decreasing so that the current slope surface is now more than 10 m below the terrain surveyed in 1998. The new landslide topography results in different pore pressure distributions in the slope, which were anticipated to have a detrimental effect on the stability and movement regime of the slope. The main goal of this work is to investigate the effect of the overlying debris depth on the pore water pressure distribution during a predefined precipitation scenario. The behaviour of the unsaturated soil and the effects of fissures in the bedrock are also considered in the analysis. Hydro-mechanical simulations were performed using 2D finite element software (PLAXIS) and numerical results are compared with results from analytical models, which use a 1D steady state formulation for the hydraulic part and a 2D limit equilibrium approach to calculate the safety factors. The numerical studies show significant change in the pore water pressure distribution in the landslide body with variation of the debris depth. An increase in the debris depth leads to higher suction due to the deeper location of the water table. Higher suction increases landslide stability due to: i) increase of the effective stress and hence the shear strength of the material and ii) decrease of the unsaturated hydraulic conductivity. Accordingly, a longer rainfall event with a similar intensity is required to destabilize the slope. The calculated suction profile for the current slope surface was compared to the in situ measurements, and the results show partial agreement. The slight discrepancy might be attributed to several factors such as: i) possible difference in the height of the water table in the model and reality, ii) differences in location between observation points in numerical model and in-situ observations, as there are no tensiometers in the upper part of the slope, iii) modelling the underlying flysch layer as a homogenous and isotropic material in PLAXIS, which is not the case in reality. Reference: Petkovsek, A., Macek, M., Kocevar, M., Benko, I., Majes, B., 2009. Soil matric suction as an indicator of the mud flow occurrence. 17th International Conference of Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, Alexandria, Egypt, 1855 - 1860.

  2. Water Resources in Mid 21. Century in Slovenia - What can we expect according to regional climate predictions integrated into catchment hydrological modeling and modeling of soil water balance - an integration of top-down and bottom-up modeling approaches

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Globevnik, Lidija; Vidmar, Andrej

    2015-04-01

    For the purpose of calculating the water balance in the soil, the European Environment Agency (EEA) produced a computational physical model "swbEWA" (Kurnik et al, 2013). It is designed to calculate the spatial distribution of water volume in the soil during the selected time period. Model accounts soil moisture by the addition and subtraction of the input parameters of water resources in the ground, which are expressed by the water column [mm]. Kurnik and Kajfež - Bogataj (2013) then used the model swbEWA to study the soil water balance parameters in Europe for the future. They used an ensemble of eight climate scenarios and analyzed the duration and size of agricultural drought across Europe. Surface runoff and deep percolation are two parameters of the water balance in the soil calculated by swbEWA model. They are expressed as mm of water column to the selected unit of modeled surface. The average values of monthly balance of the sum of the two quantities in the coming period 2021-2050 for selected river basins in Slovenia were compared with measured river flows in the reference periods 1961 - 1990 and 1981 - 2010. For comparison of results we have also calibrated semi-distributed HBV Light conceptual model for selected river basins and modeled catchment water-balance parameters for the period 2021-2050. As input we used the same rainfall and temperatures parameters as predicted by climatic scenarios used in the model swaEWA. Results Kurnik and Kajfež-Bogataj (2013) show that the largest increase by a lack of moisture in the soil occurred in the southwestern and southeastern Europe, where Slovenia does not fall. Changes will be in Slovenia still important. Employing the climatic scenario A1, the increase in soil moisture deficit relative to the reference period would be at least 0.45 during the period 2021-2050 (Kurnik and Kajfež -Bogataj, 2013), but the average annual run-off water in terms of average flow rates in 1961-1990 in Slovenia would decrease by 0.65. The largest reduction is projected to happen in central Slovenia, the smallest in the coastal part of the Littoral region (0.18). In north-eastern Slovenia the average run-off will be reduced by o.50. We can expect more frequent and larger hydrological drought, increasing soil water deficits and decreasing underground water supplies.

  3. Two-stage breakdown of monazite by post-magmatic and metamorphic fluids: An example from the Veporic orthogneiss, Western Carpathians, Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Ondrejka, Martin; Uher, Pavel; Putiš, Marián; Broska, Igor; Ba?ík, Peter; Kone?ný, Patrik; Schmiedt, Ivan

    2012-06-01

    The initial to advanced stage of monazite breakdown was identified in a granitic orthogneiss from the pre-Alpine basement in the Ve?ký Zelený Potok Valley (the Veporic Unit, Western Carpathians, central Slovakia). Monazite-(Ce) formed during Variscan metamorphism of the original Cambrian to Ordovician granitic rock. Two younger, Permian post-magmatic hydrothermal, and Cretaceous metamorphic-hydrothermal events caused a breakdown of the monazite to secondary egg-shaped coronal structures (100 to 500 ?m in diameter) with concentric newly-formed mineral phases. Two principal breakdown stages and newly formed mineral assemblages are recognizable: (1) partial to complete replacement of primary monazite with an internal apatite + ThSiO4 (huttonite or thorite) zone and an external allanite-(Ce) to clinozoisite zone; (2) hydroxylbastnäsite-(Ce) partly replacing apatite + ThSiO4 and allanite to clinozoisite aggregates. The monazite breakdown was initiated by fluid sources differing in composition. Stage (1) originated due to post-magmatic hydrothermal fluids, whereas stage (2) indicates an input of younger, CO2-bearing metamorphic-hydrothermal fluids.

  4. Seroprevalence of human Toxocara infections in the Roma and non-Roma populations of Eastern Slovakia: a cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Antolová, D; Jar?uška, P; Jani?ko, M; Madarasová-Gecková, A; Halánová, M; ?isláková, L; Kalinová, Z; Reiterová, K; Škutová, M; Pella, D; Mareková, M

    2015-07-01

    Socioeconomic conditions and health of the Roma population, the most numerous minority in Europe, are worse than that of the non-Roma population. Information about the occurrence of human toxocarosis and other parasitic diseases in the Roma population is scarce or completely missing. The aim of this study was to map the seroprevalence of toxocarosis in the population living in segregated Roma settlements and to compare the data with the occurrence of antibodies in the non-Roma population of Eastern Slovakia. The seropositivity to Toxocara in 429 examined Roma inhabitants of segregated settlements reached 22ˇ1%, while only 4/394 samples of the non-Roma population were found to be positive (odds ratio 27ˇ7, P < 0ˇ0001). Headache, muscle pain, influenza-like symptoms and diarrhoea occurred significantly more often in seropositive persons than in seronegative individuals. In the Roma population positivity was not influenced by gender, level of education and poverty, but age, lack of sanitary facilities and heating with wood significantly increased the risk of infection. It can be assumed that besides the high prevalence of toxocarosis, other parasitic diseases and communicable diseases will also be more prevalent in the Roma population living in segregated settlements. PMID:25592864

  5. Ghost shrimps (Decapoda: Axiidea: Callianassidae) as producers of an Upper Miocene trace fossil association from sublittoral deposits of Lake Pannon (Vienna Basin, Slovakia)

    PubMed Central

    Hyžný, Matúš; Šimo, Vladimír; Starek, Dušan

    2015-01-01

    Numerous trace fossils are described from the Late Miocene sediments of the Bzenec Formation exposed at the Gbely section (the Vienna Basin, Slovakia). During deposition of the sediments the area was part of the large, long-lived brackish to freshwater Lake Pannon. Most of the trace fossils are attributed herein to Egbellichnus jordidegiberti igen et ispec. nov. and are interpreted as burrows produced by decapod crustaceans, specifically by a ghost shrimp of the family Callianassidae. This interpretation is based on two independent lines of evidence: environmental requirements of large bioturbators and the burrow morphology itself. The new ichnotaxon is distinguished from other related ichnotaxa by a combination of typically inclined (roughly at an angle of 45°) cylindrical burrows, absence of lining, and tunnels making loops or bends at approximately right angles. The burrow systems at Gbely document the survival of ghost shrimp long after the closure of all seaways and the origin of Lake Pannon. As today, no ghost shrimp are known from long-lived brackish lakes. Egbellichnus from Gbely is the only, although indirect, record of ghost shrimp from a brackish lake environment reported so far.

  6. Influence of coal ash and slag dumping on dump waste waters of the Kostolac power plants (Serbia)

    SciTech Connect

    Popovic, A.; Djinovic, J. [University of Belgrade, Belgrade (Serbia)

    2006-10-01

    The content of selected trace and major elements in the river water used for transport, as well as in the subcategories of the waste waters (overflow and drainage) were analyzed in order to establish the influence of transport and dumping of coal ash and slag from the 'Kostolac A' and 'Kostolac B' power plants located 100 km from Belgrade (Serbia). It was found that during transport of coal ash and slag to the dump, the water used for transport becomes enriched with manganese, nickel, zinc, chromium, vanadium, titanium, cobalt, arsenic, aluminum, and silicon, while more calcium, iron, cadmium, and lead are adsorbed by the ash and slag than is released from them. There is also an equilibrium between the release and adsorption processes of copper and magnesium during transport. The vertical penetration of the water used for transport results in a release of calcium, magnesium, manganese, and cadmium to the environment, while iron, nickel, zinc, chromium, copper, lead, vanadium, titanium, cobalt, and arsenic are adsorbed by the fractions of coal ash and slag in the dump.

  7. Heavy metal and trace element bioaccumulation in target tissues of four edible fish species from the Danube River (Serbia).

    PubMed

    Suboti?, Sr?an; Spasi?, Sla?ana; Višnji?-Jefti?, Zeljka; Hegediš, Aleksandar; Krpo-?etkovi?, Jasmina; Mi?kovi?, Branislav; Skori?, Stefan; Lenhardt, Mirjana

    2013-12-01

    Pikeperch (Sander lucioperca), European catfish (Silurus glanis), burbot (Lota lota), and common carp (Cyprinus carpio) were collected from the Danube River (Belgrade section, Serbia), and samples of liver, muscle, and gills were analyzed for Al, As, B, Ba, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Li, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Se, Sr, and Zn using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry (ICP-OES) to highlight the importance of species and tissue selection in monitoring research, contaminant studies, and human health research. The Kruskal-Wallis test revealed significant differences between fish species in regard to metal levels in liver, muscle, and gills. The principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that the studied fish species could be grouped on the basis of the level of analyzed elements in liver and gills. The Mann-Whitney test showed two subsets (one comprising two piscivorous species, pikeperch and catfish, and the other, two polyphagous species, burbot and carp) in regard to Cr and Hg levels in liver (higher levels in piscivorous species), as well as B, Fe, and Hg in gills (B and Fe with higher levels in polyphagous and Hg in piscivorous species), and As in muscle (higher levels in polyphagous species). Carp had distinctly higher levels of Cd, Cu, and Zn in liver in comparison to other three species. None of the elements exceeded the maximum acceptable concentrations (MAC). However, since Hg levels are close to the prescribed MAC levels, the consumption of these fishes can be potentially hazardous for humans. PMID:24054751

  8. Precipitation composition and wet deposition temporal pattern in Central Serbia for the period from 1998 to 2004.

    PubMed

    Golobocanin, D; Zuji?, A; Milenkovi?, A; Miljevi?, N

    2008-07-01

    Bulk samples collected on a daily basis at three principal meteorological stations in central Serbia were analyzed on chloride (Cl(-)), nitrate (NO(3)(-)), sulfate (SO(4)(2-)), sodium (Na(+)), ammonium (NH(4)(+)), potassium (K(+)), calcium (Ca(2+)), and magnesium (Mg(2+)) in addition to precipitation amount, pH and conductivity measurements over the period 1998-2004. The data were subjected to variety of analyses (linear regression, principal component analysis, time series analysis) to characterize precipitation chemistry in the study area. The most abundant ion was SO(2-)(4) with annual volume weighted mean concentration of 242 microeq L(-1). Neutralization of precipitation acidity occurs both as a result of the dissolution of alkaline compounds containing Ca(2+), Mg(2+), and K(+) as well as the absorption of ammonia. The ratio of SO(4)(2-)/NO(3)(-) was above 5, which indicated that the combustion process of low-grade domestic lignite for electricity generation from coal-fired thermal power plants was the main source of pollution in the investigated area. A considerable mean annual bulk wet deposition of SO(4)-S determined by precipitation amount and concentrations of sulfate in the precipitation was calculated to be 12-35 kg ha(-1). PMID:17874313

  9. Diversity of nematodes in the yellow-necked field mouse Apodemus flavicollis from the Peripannonic region of Serbia.

    PubMed

    Cabrilo, B; Jovanovi?, V M; Bjeli?-?abrilo, O; Budinski, I; Blagojevi?, J; Vujoševi?, M

    2014-10-01

    Up to six nematode species were identified from 86 specimens of the yellow-necked field mouse Apodemus flavicollis from three mountainous localities known as Avala, Cer and Liškovac in Serbia. The highest prevalence of infection of 97% was recorded from Mt. Avala. Only one nematode species, Syphacia frederici, occurred in all three localities. There was complete overlap in nematode species from Mts. Avala and Liškovac, whereas the taxonomic distinctness of Mt. Cer was seen in the presence of the insect-transmitted species Rictularia proni. Locality was a statistically significant factor in all the best-fitted generalized linear models of variation in abundances. The highest level of both species richness and parasite alpha diversity (Shannon's H= 1.47) was found in the easternmost Mt. Liškovac, whereas the diversity indices were lowest for the westernmost Mt. Cer (Shannon's H= 0.48). In view of this geographical difference, the beta diversity indices were calculated along a west to east longitudinal gradient. PMID:25272984

  10. Geographical distribution of the annual mean radon concentrations in primary schools of Southern Serbia - application of geostatistical methods.

    PubMed

    Bossew, P; Žuni?, Z S; Stojanovska, Z; Tollefsen, T; Carpentieri, C; Veselinovi?, N; Komatina, S; Vaupoti?, J; Simovi?, R D; Antignani, S; Bochicchio, F

    2014-01-01

    Between 2008 and 2011 a survey of radon ((222)Rn) was performed in schools of several districts of Southern Serbia. Some results have been published previously (Žuni? et al., 2010; Carpentieri et al., 2011; Žuni? et al., 2013). This article concentrates on the geographical distribution of the measured Rn concentrations. Applying geostatistical methods we generate "school radon maps" of expected concentrations and of estimated probabilities that a concentration threshold is exceeded. The resulting maps show a clearly structured spatial pattern which appears related to the geological background. In particular in areas with vulcanite and granitoid rocks, elevated radon (Rn) concentrations can be expected. The "school radon map" can therefore be considered as proxy to a map of the geogenic radon potential, and allows identification of radon-prone areas, i.e. areas in which higher Rn radon concentrations can be expected for natural reasons. It must be stressed that the "radon hazard", or potential risk, estimated this way, has to be distinguished from the actual radon risk, which is a function of exposure. This in turn may require (depending on the target variable which is supposed to measure risk) considering demographic and sociological reality, i.e. population density, distribution of building styles and living habits. PMID:24231373

  11. Sedimentological dynamics of the Orlovat loess-paleosol sequence (Northern Serbia) show both local and regional paleoenvironmental fluctuations

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Obreht, Igor; Zeeden, Christian; Eckmeier, Eileen; Schulte, Philipp; Hambach, Ulrich; Timar-Gabor, Alida; Lehmkuhl, Frank

    2015-04-01

    The last glacial cycle as recorded in the Orlovat loess section (Northern Serbia) gives insight into both local and regional paleoenvironmental conditions. The Orlovat section is a unique section in the Carpathian Basin and it is characterized by irregularities in sedimentology, magnetic susceptibility, geochemistry and other paleoproxies. Therefore the local conditions need to be understood before making claims on a regional scale. Especially the grain size distribution indicates that the Orlovat site was influenced by specific paleoenvironmental conditions. Relatively coarse grained sand was delivered during interglacials, probably from the Deliblato sands by the Košava wind. However, commonly applied methods such as grain size and rock magnetic investigations could not explain the unique situation during the MIS 3, where a paleosol is missing. Therefore, for the first time in the studies of the region, we applied high resolution X-ray fluorescence analysis to trace the changing source areas of sediment material during the Last Glacial. These changes in the provenance of the sediment might be associated with stronger river activities and erosion. This study highlights the importance of a sedimentological understanding for a reliable paleoenvironmental evaluation.

  12. Short-term association between air pollution and emergency room admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Nis, Serbia.

    PubMed

    Milutinovi?, Suzana; Niki?, Dragana; Stosi?, Ljiljana; Stankovi?, Aleksandra; Bogdanovi?, Dragan

    2009-03-01

    The present study assesses the short-term association between black smoke (BS) and sulphur dioxide (SO2) levels in urban air and the daily number of emergency room admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in Nis, Serbia. Generalised linear models extending Poisson regression were fitted controlling for time trend, seasonal variations, days of the week, temperature, relative humidity, air pressure, precipitation, rainfall, snowfall, overcast, and wind velocity. The emergency room admissions for all ages for COPD were significantly associated with previous-day level of BS and lag 0-2 (1,60% and 2,26% increase per 10 microg/m3, respectively). After controlling for SO2, single lagged (lag 1 and lag 2) as well as mean lagged values of BS (up to lag 0-3) were significantly associated with COPD emergencies. No effect was found for SO2, even after controlling for black smoke. The present findings support the conclusion that current levels of ambient BS may have an effect on the respiratory health of susceptible persons. PMID:19418713

  13. Eating habits and body-weights of students of the university of belgrade, serbia: a cross-sectional study.

    PubMed

    Gazibara, Tatjana; Kisic Tepavcevic, Darija B; Popovic, Aleksandra; Pekmezovic, Tatjana

    2013-09-01

    The purpose of this survey was to quantify the prevalence of overweight and obesity among a sample of students in Belgrade University, Serbia and to describe their main eating habits. A total of 1,624 questionnaire responses were analyzed (response rate 97.3%). The students were recruited during mandatory annual check-ups in April-June 2009. All subjects completed the questionnaire; height (in cm) and weight (in km) were measured by two physicians. Results were assessed statistically. Almost every fourth male student was overweight. Strikingly, 15% of female students were underweight. Highly-significant difference was found between average body mass index (BMI) of male and female students (F=317.8, p=0.001). Students' BMI did not correlate with average family income or with the frequency of taking breakfast (p=-0.064, p=0.152 for males and p=0.034, p=0.282 for females respectively). There is a growing demand for global health strategies which would encourage healthy body-image and figure; thus, these initiatives should mobilize the society on a national and international level. PMID:24288946

  14. 76 FR 2915 - Identification of Foreign Countries Whose Nationals Are Eligible To Participate in the H-2A and H...

    Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014

    2011-01-18

    ...Hungary, Kiribati, Latvia, Macedonia, Nauru, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Slovenia, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Tuvalu...Nauru The Netherlands Nicaragua New Zealand Norway Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Romania Samoa Serbia...

  15. The diet of Eneolithic (Copper Age, Fourth millennium cal b.c .) pile dwellers and the early formation of the cultural landscape south of the Alps: a case study from Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Marjeta Jeraj; Anton Veluš?ek; Stefanie Jacomet

    2009-01-01

    Analyses were performed of plant remains from the Late Neolithic (in Slovenian terminology corresponding to Eneolithic or\\u000a Copper Age, ca. 4300–2300 b.c.) pile dwelling Ho?evarica in the Ljubljansko barje (Ljubljana Moor), Slovenia. This settlement existed between ca. 3650\\u000a and 3550 cal b.c. Seeds, fruits, wooden piles, macroscopic charcoal and pollen from the cultural layers were analysed. The remains of domestic

  16. Prevalence and concordance of high cardiovascular disease scores in HIV/AIDS patients from Croatia and Serbia with four international algorithms

    PubMed Central

    Begovac, Josip; Dragovic, Gordana; Viskovic, Klaudija; Kusic, Jovana; Perovic Mihanovic, Marta; Lukas, Davorka; Jevtovic, Djordje

    2014-01-01

    Introduction We evaluated cardiovascular risks in HIV-infected patients from Croatia and Serbia and the eligibility for statin therapy as recommended by the 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guidelines, European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) Guidelines and European Society of Cardiology and the European Atherosclerosis Society (ESC/EAS) guidelines for cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention [1–3]. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional analysis of consecutive patients between 40 and 79 years old who had received antiretroviral therapy for at least 12 months was performed. Results Of 254 (132 from Croatia and 122 from Serbia) persons included in the study, 76% were male; median age was 49 years. Up to 51.6% of persons had a high CVD risk. The prevalence of current smoking was 42.9%, hypertension 31.5% and hypercholesterolaemia (>6.2 mmol/L) 35.4%. Statins would be recommended to 21.3% (95% CI, 16.3% to 27.4%) of persons by the EACS, 25.6% (95% CI, 20.2% to 31.9%) by ESC/EAS and 37.9% (95% CI, 31.6 to 44.6%) by the ACC/AHA guidelines. A high 5-year data collection on adverse effects of anti-HIV drugs study risk score (>5%) had a moderate agreement with the high (?20%) 10-year CVD Framingham risk score (kappa=0.47) and high (?5%) 10-year European systematic coronary risk evaluation score algorithm (kappa=0.47), and substantial agreement with the elevated (?7.5%) 10-year Pooled Cohort Atherosclerotic CVD risk equation score (kappa=0.63). Conclusion We found a high prevalence of CVD risks in patients from Croatia and Serbia. The ACC/AHA guideline would recommend statins more often than ESC/EAS and EACS guidelines. PMID:25394056

  17. Heat wave phenomenon in southern Slovakia: long-term changes and variability of daily maximum air temperature in Hurbanovo within the 1901-2009 period

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pecho, J.; Výber?i, D.; Jarošová, M.; ĹĽAstný, P. Ĺ.

    2010-09-01

    Analysis of long-term changes and temporal variability of heat waves incidence in the region of southern Slovakia within the 1901-2009 periods is a goal of the presented contribution. It is expected that climate change in terms of global warming would amplify temporal frequency and spatial extension of extreme heat wave incidence in region of central Europe in the next few decades. The frequency of occurrence and amplitude of heat waves may be impacted by changes in the temperature regime. Heat waves can cause severe thermal environmental stress leading to higher hospital admission rates, health complications, and increased mortality. These effects arise because of one or more meteorology-related factors such as higher effective temperatures, sunshine, more consecutive hot days and nights, stagnation, increased humidity, increased pollutant emissions, and accelerated photochemical smog and particulate formation. Heat waves bring about higher temperatures, increased solar heating of buildings, inhibited ventilation, and a larger number of consecutive warm days and nights. All of these effects increase the thermal loads on buildings, reduce their ability to cool down, and increase indoor temperatures. The paper is focused to analysis of long-term and inter-decadal temporal variability of heat waves occurrence at meteorological station Hurbanovo (time-series of daily maximum air temperature available from at least 1901). We can characterize the heat waves by its magnitude and duration, hence both of these characteristics need to be investigated together using sophisticated statistical methods developed particularly for the analysis of extreme hydrological events. We investigated particular heat wave periods either from the severity point of view using HWI index. In the paper we also present the results of statistical analysis of daily maximum air temperature within 1901-2009 period. Apart from these investigation efforts we also focused on synoptic causes of heat wave incidence in connection with macro scale circulation patterns in central European region.

  18. Allele frequencies of the 15 AmpF l STR Identifiler loci in the population of Vojvodina Province, Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. Veselinovi?; M. Kubat; I. Fura?; J. Škavi?; I. Martinovi? Klari?; M. Tasi?

    2004-01-01

    The 15 AmpF lSTR Identifiler loci (D8S1179, D21S11, D7S820, CSF1PO, D3S1358, TH01, D13S317, D16S539, D2S1338, D19S433, VWA, TPOX, D18S51, D5S818 and FGA) were analyzed in the sample of 100 unrelated, autochthonous healthy adult Serbians from Novi Sad (Vojvodina Province, Serbia and Montenegro). The agreement with HWE was confirmed for all loci with the exception of D7S820 (based on the ?

  19. Overview of the winter wave of 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1)v in Vojvodina, Serbia

    PubMed Central

    Petrovi?, Vladimir; Šeguljev, Zorica; ?osi?, Gorana; Risti?, Mioljub; Nedeljkovi?, Jasminka; Dragni?, Nataša; Ukropina, Snežana

    2011-01-01

    Aim To analyze the epidemiological data for pandemic influenza A(H1N1)v in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina, Serbia, during the season of 2009/2010 and to assess whether including severe acute respiratory illness (SARI) hospitalization data to the surveillance system gives a more complete picture of the impact of influenza during the pandemic. Methods From September 2009 to September 2010, the Institute of Public Health of Vojvodina conducted sentinel surveillance of influenza-like illnesses and acute respiratory infections in all hospitalized patients with SARI and virological surveillance of population of Vojvodina according to the European Centers for Disease Control technical document. Results The pandemic influenza outbreak in the province started in October 2009 (week 44) in students who had returned from a school-organized trip to Prague, Bratislava, and Vienna. The highest incidence rate was 1090 per 100?000 inhabitants, found in the week 50. The most affected age group were children 5-14 years old. A total of 1591 patients with severe illness were admitted to regional hospitals, with a case fatality rate of 2%, representing a hospitalization rate of 78.3 per 100?000 inhabitants and a mortality rate of 1.6 per 100?000. Most frequently hospitalized were 15-19 years old patients, male patients, and patients with pneumonia (P?

  20. Soil pollution in the railway junction Niš (Serbia) and possibility of bioremediation of hydrocarbon-contaminated soil

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Jovanovic, Larisa; Aleksic, Gorica; Radosavljevic, Milan; Onjia, Antonije

    2015-04-01

    Mineral oil leaking from vehicles or released during accidents is an important source of soil and ground water pollution. In the railway junction Niš (Serbia) total 90 soil samples polluted with mineral oil derivatives were investigated. Field work at the railway Niš sites included the opening of soil profiles and soil sampling. The aim of this work is the determination of petroleum hydrocarbons concentration in the soil samples and the investigation of the bioremediation technique for treatment heavily contaminated soil. For determination of petroleum hydrocarbons in the soil samples method of gas-chromatography was carried out. On the basis of measured concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons in the soil it can be concluded that: Obtained concentrations of petroleum hydrocarbons in 60% of soil samples exceed the permissible values (5000 mg/kg). The heavily contaminated soils, according the Regulation on the program of systematic monitoring of soil quality indicators for assessing the risk of soil degradation and methodology for development of remediation programs, Annex 3 (Official Gazette of RS, No.88 / 2010), must be treated using some of remediation technologies. Between many types of phytoremediation of soil contaminated with mineral oils and their derivatives, the most suitable are phytovolatalisation and phytostimulation. During phytovolatalisation plants (poplar, willow, aspen, sorgum, and rye) absorb organic pollutants through the root, and then transported them to the leaves where the reduced pollutants are released into the atmosphere. In the case of phytostimulation plants (mulberry, apple, rye, Bermuda) secrete from the roots enzymes that stimulates the growth of bacteria in the soil. The increase in microbial activity in soil promotes the degradation of pollutants. Bioremediation is performed by composting the contaminated soil with addition of composting materials (straw, manure, sawdust, and shavings), moisture components, oligotrophs and heterotrophs bacteria.

  1. Habitat modeling for brown trout population in alpine region of Slovenia with focus on determination of preference functions, fuzzy rules and fuzzy sets

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Santl, Saso; Carf, Masa; Preseren, Tanja; Jenic, Aljaz

    2013-04-01

    Water withdrawals and consequently reduction of discharges in river streams for different water uses (hydro power, irrigation, etc.) usually impoverish habitat suitability for naturally present river fish fauna. In Slovenia reduction of suitable habitats resulting from water abstractions frequently impacts local brown trout (Salmo truta) populations. This is the reason for establishment of habitat modeling which can qualitatively and quantitatively support decision making for determination of the environmental flow and other mitigation measures. Paper introduces applied methodology for habitat modeling where input data preparation and elaboration with required accuracy has to be considered. For model development four (4) representative and heterogeneous sampling sites were chosen. Two (2) sampling sections were located within the sections with small hydropower plants and were considered as sections affected by water abstractions. The other two (2) sampling sections were chosen where there are no existing water abstractions. Precise bathymetric mapping for chosen river sections has been performed. Topographic data and series of discharge and water level measurements enabled establishment of calibrated hydraulic models, which provide data on water velocities and depths for analyzed discharges. Brief field measurements were also performed to gather required data on dominant and subdominant substrate size and cover type. Since the accuracy of fish distribution on small scale is very important for habitat modeling, a fish sampling method had to be selected and modified for existing river microhabitats. The brown trout specimen's locations were collected with two (2) different sampling methods. A method of riverbank observation which is suitable for adult fish in pools and a method of electro fishing for locating small fish and fish in riffles or hiding in cover. Ecological and habitat requirements for fish species vary regarding different fish populations as well as eco and hydro morphological types of streams. Therefore, if habitat modeling for brown trout in Slovenia should be applied, it is necessary to determine preference requirements for the locally present brown trout populations. For efficient determination of applied preference functions and linked fuzzy sets/rules, beside expert determination, calibration according to field sampling must also be performed. After this final step a model is prepared for the analysis to support decision making in the field of environmental flow and other mitigation measures determination.

  2. Out-of-pocket payments for public healthcare services by selected exempted groups in Serbia during the period of post-war healthcare reforms.

    PubMed

    Arsenijevic, Jelena; Pavlova, Milena; Groot, Wim

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the exemption mechanism that accompanies patient co-payments for outpatient and inpatient hospital care in Serbia. The objective was to investigate the level and dynamics of out-of-pocket payments for this type of services by exempted groups (older than 65?years, younger than 15?years, unemployed, disabled and individuals with low family income) compared with that by other groups. For this purpose, we use empirical household data collected in the Serbian Living Standards Measurement Study carried out in 2002, 2003 and 2007. These years correspond to the start of the recent reforms in the Serbian healthcare sector and 1 and 5?years after the start of the reform. Our results show that people who belong to exempted groups were paying for healthcare in 2002, 2003 and 2007. They report different types of out-of-pocket payments for outpatient and inpatient hospital care. Thus, despite the ambition of the Ministry of Health in Serbia to promote equity in healthcare as a leading aim of the reforms, the implementation of the exemption mechanism fails to protect the targeted groups. Future exemption mechanism should be pro-poor oriented but should also exempt those whose health status requires a frequent healthcare use. PMID:23788401

  3. Laetiporus sulphureus, edible mushroom from Serbia: investigation on volatile compounds, in vitro antimicrobial activity and in situ control of Aspergillus flavus in tomato paste.

    PubMed

    Petrovi?, Jovana; Glamo?lija, Jasmina; Stojkovi?, Dejan S; ?iri?, Ana; Nikoli?, Miloš; Bukvi?ki, Danka; Guerzoni, Maria Elisabetta; Sokovi?, Marina D

    2013-09-01

    The volatile compounds of fruiting bodies of wild Laetiporus sulphureus (Bull.) Murrill, growing on willow trees from Serbia, were isolated and extracted using methanol, acetone and dichloromethane and investigated by GC/MS-SPME. A total of 56 components were identified in the extracts. Hydrocarbons predominated (76.90%, 77.20%, and 43.10%) in dichloromethane, acetone and methanol extracts, respectively. Fatty acids, esters and sesquiterpenes were present in amounts equal or lower than 2.00%. Ketones were represented with moderate amount with the exception of methanol extract where it reached as much as 28.90% of the total investigated compounds. Extracts were also tested for antimicrobial activity with and without the addition of food additive - potassium disulfite in vitro against eight bacterial and eight fungal species, and in situ in tomato paste against Aspergillus flavus. All the tested extracts showed good antimicrobial activity, but methanol extract with addition of E224 showed the best antimicrobial activity in vitro. In situ results indicate complete inhibition of A. flavus growth in tomato paste after 15 days of the treatment. This study is the first report on volatile composition of L. sulphureus growing wild in Serbia. We describe for the first time the application of its extract as antifungal food preservative. PMID:23811530

  4. Growth responses to climate in a multi-species tree-ring network in the Western Carpathian Tatra Mountains, Poland and Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Büntgen, Ulf; Frank, David C; Kaczka, Ryszard J; Verstege, Anne; Zwijacz-Kozica, Tomasz; Esper, Jan

    2007-05-01

    We analyzed growth responses to climate of 24 tree-ring width and four maximum latewood density chronologies from the greater Tatra region in Poland and Slovakia. This network comprises 1183 ring-width and 153 density measurement series from four conifer species (Picea abies (L.) Karst., Larix decidua Mill., Abies alba (L.) Karst., and Pinus mugo (L.)) between 800 and 1550 m a.s.l. Individual spline detrending was used to retain annual to multi-decadal scale climate information in the data. Twentieth century temperature and precipitation data from 16 grid-boxes covering the 48-50 degrees N and 19-21 degrees E region were used for comparison. The network was analyzed to assess growth responses to climate as a function of species, elevation, parameter, frequency and site ecology. Twenty ring-width chronologies significantly correlated (P<0.05) with June-July temperatures, whereas the latewood density chronologies were correlated with the April-September temperatures. Climatic effects of the previous-year summer generally did not significantly influence ring formation, whereas site elevation and frequency of growth variations (i.e., inter-annual and decadal) were significant variables in explaining growth response to climate. Response to precipitation increased with decreasing elevation. Correlations between summer temperatures and annual growth rates were lower for Larix decidua than for Picea abies. Principal component analysis identified five dominant eigenvectors that express somewhat contrasting climatic signals. The first principal component contained highest loadings from 11 Picea abies ring-width chronologies and one Pinus mugo ring-width chronology and explained 42% of the network's variance. The mean of these 12 high-elevation chronologies was significantly correlated at 0.62 with June-July temperatures, whereas the mean of three latewood density chronologies, which loaded most strongly on the fourth principal component, significantly correlated at 0.69 with April-September temperatures (P<0.001 over the 1901-2002 period in both cases). These groupings allow for a robust estimation of June-July (1661-2004) and April-September (1709-2004) temperatures, respectively. Comparison with reconstructions from the Alps and Central Europe supports the general rule of the dominant influence of growing season temperature on high-elevation forest growth. PMID:17267360

  5. Protholithic age and geochemistry of magmatic rocks from the Serbo-Macedonian massif (south Serbia, southwest Bulgaria and east Macedonia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Anti?, M.; Peytcheva, I.; von Quadt, A.; Kounov, A.; Trivi?, B.; Serafimovski, T.; Tasev, G.; Gerdjikov, I.

    2012-04-01

    The Serbo-Macedonian Massif (SMM) represents a complex crystalline terrane situated between the two diverging branches of the Eastern Mediterranean Alpine orogenic system, the northeast-vergent Carpatho-Balkanides and the southwest-vergent Dinarides and the Hellenides. It is outcropping from the Pannonian basin in the north, to the Agean Sea in the south, along the central and southeastern Serbia, southwestern Bulgaria, eastern Macedonia and southern Greece. It's affiliation to European and/or African plate basement is still questionable due to the lack of reliable geochronological data and a detailed structural investigation. The SMM is the key area for understanding the bipolarity of the Alpine orogenic system, as well as the interaction of the Pannonian and Aegean back-arc extension during the Cenozoic time. The SMM is generally considered to comprise an Upper (low-grade) and a Lower (medium to high-grade) unit (Dimitrijevi?, 1959). The protoliths of both units are reported as volcano-sedimentary successions, which have been later intruded by magmatic rocks during several pulses. On our mission to discern the main magmatic episodes and the geodynamic evolution of the SMM; we have analysed zircon grains of metamorphic rocks from both units, as well as undeformed igneous rocks. LA-ICP-MS analyses were carried out on zircon grains in order to obtain the protolith ages and geochemical analyses were carried out on the total of nineteen samples from different magmatic rocks. Our first results reveal the presence of the Permo-Triassic (253ą13 Ma) and a late Variscan magmatism (Carboniferous; 315ą9 Ma) in the Serbian part of the SMM; additionally, the Ordovician (490-440 Ma) and the Cadomian (Cambrian; 505 Ma and older) event complete the magmatic evolution in the Serbian part of the SMM. The new geochronological constraints, together with the field relationships, allowed us to conclude: a) The Lower SMM consists of a Cadomian (Ediacaran-early Cambrian) volcano-sedimentary sequences and magmatics, which were intruded by Ordovician magmatic rocks; b) The Upper SMM (Vlasina and Morava unit) contains a volcano-sedimentary sequence, which is intruded by the Cadomian magmatic rocks; c) In contrast to the Lower complex, no Ordovician age magmatics were documented in the Upper unit, and d) Lower and Upper SMM were covered by Silurian-Devonian sedimentary sequence. The youngest magmatic event in the SMM occurred in the late Eocene, it is related to the intrusion of Surdulica granodiorite and subsequent latitic volcanism.

  6. Refining the timing of eclogite metamorphism: a geochemical, petrological, Sm-Nd and U-Pb case study from the Pohorje Mountains, Slovenia (Eastern Alps)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Miller, Christine; Mundil, Roland; Thöni, Martin; Konzett, Jürgen

    2005-08-01

    High-pressure metamorphism in the Pohorje Mountains of Slovenia (Austroalpine unit, Eastern Alps) affected N-MORB type metabasic and metapelitic lithologies. Thermodynamic calculations and equilibrium phase diagrams of kyanite-phengite-bearing eclogites reveal PT conditions of >2.1 GPa at T<750°C, but within the stability field of quartz. Metapelitic eclogite country rocks contain the assemblage garnet + phengite + kyanite + quartz, for which calculated peak pressure conditions are in good agreement with results obtained from eclogite samples. The eclogites contain a single population of spherical zircon with a low Th/U ratio. Combined constraints on the age of metamorphism come from U/Pb zircon as well as garnet-whole rock and mineral-mineral Sm-Nd analyses from eclogites. A coherent cluster of single zircon analyses yields a 206Pb/238U age of 90.7ą1.0 Ma that is in good agreement with results from Sm-Nd garnet-whole rock regression of 90.7ą3.9 and 90.1ą2.0 Ma (?Nd: +8) for two eclogite samples. The agreement between U-Pb and Sm-Nd age data strongly suggests an age of approximately 90 Ma for the pressure peak of the eclogites in the Pohorje Mountains. The presence of garnet, omphacite and quartz inclusions in unfractured zircon indicates high-pressure rather than ultrahigh pressure conditions. The analysed metapelite sample yields a Sm-Nd garnet-whole rock scatterchron age of 97ą15 Ma. These data probably support a single P-T loop for mafic and pelitic lithologies of the Pohorje area and a late Cretaceous high-pressure event that affected the entire easternmost Austroalpine basement including the Koralpe and Saualpe eclogite type locality in the course of the complex collision of the Apulian microplate and Europe.

  7. Statistical downscaling of general-circulation-model- simulated average monthly air temperature to the beginning of flowering of the dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Bergant, Klemen; Kajfež-Bogataj, Lu?ka; ?repinšek, Zalika

    2002-02-01

    Phenological observations are a valuable source of information for investigating the relationship between climate variation and plant development. Potential climate change in the future will shift the occurrence of phenological phases. Information about future climate conditions is needed in order to estimate this shift. General circulation models (GCM) provide the best information about future climate change. They are able to simulate reliably the most important mean features on a large scale, but they fail on a regional scale because of their low spatial resolution. A common approach to bridging the scale gap is statistical downscaling, which was used to relate the beginning of flowering of Taraxacum officinale in Slovenia with the monthly mean near-surface air temperature for January, February and March in Central Europe. Statistical models were developed and tested with NCAR/NCEP Reanalysis predictor data and EARS predictand data for the period 1960-1999. Prior to developing statistical models, empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis was employed on the predictor data. Multiple linear regression was used to relate the beginning of flowering with expansion coefficients of the first three EOF for the Janauary, Febrauary and March air temperatures, and a strong correlation was found between them. Developed statistical models were employed on the results of two GCM (HadCM3 and ECHAM4/OPYC3) to estimate the potential shifts in the beginning of flowering for the periods 1990-2019 and 2020-2049 in comparison with the period 1960-1989. The HadCM3 model predicts, on average, 4 days earlier occurrence and ECHAM4/OPYC3 5 days earlier occurrence of flowering in the period 1990-2019. The analogous results for the period 2020-2049 are a 10- and 11-day earlier occurrence.

  8. Accretionary wedge harzburgite serpentinization and rodingitization constrained by perovskite U/Pb SIMS age, trace elements and Sm/Nd isotopes: Case study from the Western Carpathians, Slovakia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Li, Xian-Hua; Putiš, Marián; Yang, Yue-Heng; Koppa, Matúš; Dyda, Marian

    2014-09-01

    Perovskite-bearing harzburgites occur in a “mélange” type blueschist-bearing accretionary wedge complex of the Inner Western Carpathians Meliata Unit in Slovakia. Although dark rounded, slightly hydrated relic “cores” of harzburgite boulders are perovskite-free, perovskite (Prv) occurrence in the surrounding serpentinites and rodingites enabled dating of hydration, resulting in two metamorphic-metasomatic Prv generations. Perovskite (1) grows parallel to relic clinopyroxene exsolution lamellae or forms randomly oriented grain clusters in serpentinized orthopyroxene (Opx1) porphyroclasts, often accompanied by tiny andradite lamellae clusters, or it is partly replaced by Ti-andradite. Perovskite crystallization indicates evolving rodingitization fluids pervading the boundary between the harzburgite “cores” and Prv-free serpentinite. This strictly limited occurrence of Prv (1) within a 1 to 20-cm across-zone implies slightly postponed Prv crystallization to serpentinization by LREE(Ce,La), Ca2+, Ti/Fe3+-enriched aqueous fluids. A grain scale metasomatic mechanism partitioned Ca and Ti from the host orthopyroxene porphyroclasts, spinel (Ti) and grain-boundary pervasive fluids to Prv. In contrast, Prv (2) occurs in a 1 to 3 cm across chlorite-rich blackwall zone between hosting serpentinite and rodingite veins, thus indicating channelled rodingitization fluid flow and accompanying hydraulic fracturing. Here, Prv (2) is ingrown by chlorite and apatite. Part of this Prv (2) formed in a rodingite vein mineral assemblage composed of diopside, andradite, vesuvianite, epidote/zoisite, apatite and chlorite. Both perovskite 1 and 2 are replaced by pyrophanite along the grain rims and interiors; most likely via fluid-aided coupled dissolution-reprecipitation at increased Si-Fe-Mn-Al element solubility in rodingitization fluids pervading serpentinized harzburgite. Both Prv generations, especially Prv (2), can be partly to almost totally replaced by (Ti-) Adr. Overgrowths of spinel by andradite are occasionally observed in contact zones between the serpentinites and rodingites. LA-ICP-MS study revealed strong depletion in LREE from Prv (1) to Prv (2), and a more typically positive Eu anomaly for Prv (2). Our spider diagram depicts relative enrichment in U, Nb, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, and decreased Rb, Ba, Th, Ta, Pb, Sr, Zr in both Prv generations. The U/Pb SIMS concordia ages of Prv (1) from 3 samples range from 137 ą 1 Ma to 135 ą 1 Ma, with a mean of 135.6 ą 0.58 Ma, while Prv (2) was dated at 133.7 ą 5.4 Ma. Such negligible age differences imply a relatively short-lived rodingitization event responsible for crystallization of both Prv generations. The 143Nd/144Nd mean value of Prv (1) is 0.512153 ą 0.000017 by LA-MC-ICP-MS, thus corresponding to the initial ?Nd(t = 135) = - 8.2 ą 0.4 (math's mean). This suggests that the subducted and dehydrated continental crust was the main source of the interactive fluids which initiated serpentinization and rodingitization in the Neotethyan Meliatic accretionary wedge following closure of the Meliata-Hallstatt Triassic to Jurassic oceanic back-arc basin and the high-pressure metamorphism dated at ca. 160-150 Ma by 40Ar/39Ar.

  9. Update on rickettsioses in Slovakia.

    PubMed

    Sekeyová, Z; Socolovschi, C; Spitalská, E; Kocianová, E; Boldiš, V; Diaz, M Quevedo; Berthová, L; Bohácsová, M; Valáriková, J; Fournier, P Edouard; Raoult, D

    2013-01-01

    The reported incidence of vector-borne diseases including various cases of Rickettsioses in humans is increasing due to a combination of climatic and social factors, escalating the opportunities for contact between people and ticks, fleas or lice. Many of the emerging infectious diseases currently challenging human health in Europe are transmitted by ticks which normally feed on domestic or wild animals. Each Rickettsia spp. has one or several tick vectors, and their geographical distribution varies according to geographical conditions; e.g.; altitude or temperature, which is gradually changing due to a global warming. Evidence of Rickettsia spp. particularly of a newly discovered species is a strong indication that a great number of diseases may be caused by so far undetected or unrecognized organisms. Their diagnosis relies mostly on rare "spot like" cooperation of clinicians with scientists, the members of the working groups that are devoted to the scientific studies of the corresponding research areas. The clinical picture of the disease caused by rickettsiae varies significantly from flu like symptoms to severe fatal outcomes, reflecting the various factors, e.g. a variability of virulence of rickettsial species due to cell invasion, dissemination of rickettsiae, genomics, immune response of an infected organism, or a tricky impact of a treatment. Several major reviews on rickettsioses have been previously published, e.g. in 1997 (Raoult and Roux, 1997a), in 2005 (Parola et al., 2005), and in 2011 (Botelho-Nevers and Raoult, 2011). In this work we intend to present a short historical overview and to describe new trends in research studies of rickettsiology. The main focus will be on rickettsioses affecting Europe?s population. PMID:23600876

  10. Self-Monitoring of Blood Glucose in Diabetes: From Evidence to Clinical Reality in Central and Eastern Europe—Recommendations from the International Central-Eastern European Expert Group

    PubMed Central

    Barkai, László; Bolgarska, Svetlana; Bronisz, Agata; Broz, Jan; Cypryk, Katarzyna; Honka, Marek; Janez, Andrej; Krnic, Mladen; Lalic, Nebojsa; Martinka, Emil; Rahelic, Dario; Roman, Gabriela; Tankova, Tsvetalina; Várkonyi, Tamás; Wolnik, Bogumi?; Zherdova, Nadia

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) is universally considered to be an integral part of type 1 diabetes management and crucial for optimizing the safety and efficacy of complex insulin regimens. This extends to type 2 diabetes patients on intensive insulin therapy, and there is also a growing body of evidence suggesting that structured SMBG is beneficial for all type 2 diabetes patients, regardless of therapy. However, access to SMBG can be limited in many countries in Central and Eastern Europe. A consensus group of diabetes experts from 10 countries in this region (with overlapping historical, political, and social environments)—Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Ukraine—was formed to discuss the role of SMBG across the spectrum of patients with diabetes. The group considered SMBG to be an essential tool that should be accessible to all patients with diabetes, including those with non–insulin-treated type 2 diabetes. The current article summarizes the evidence put forward by the consensus group and provides their recommendations for the appropriate use of SMBG as part of individualized patient management. The ultimate goal of these evidence-based recommendations is to help patients and providers in Central and Eastern Europe to make optimal use of SMBG in order to maximize the efficacy and safety of glucose-lowering therapies, to prevent complications, and to empower the patient to play a more active role in the management of their diabetes. PMID:24716890

  11. Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals and Microelements in Silver Bream (Brama brama L.), Northern Pike (Esox lucius L.), Sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus L.), and Common Carp (Cyprinus carpio L.) From Tisza River, Serbia.

    PubMed

    Štrbac, Snežana; Kašanin-Grubin, Milica; Jovan?i?evi?, Branimir; Simonovi?, Predrag

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the concentrations of Al, As, B, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Hg, Mn, Ni, Pb, Se, Sr, and Zn in liver, gills, gonads, and brain of four ecologically different fish species in Serbia: piscivorous northern pike, benthivorous sterlet and silver bream, and omnivorous common carp. Fish were caught at four sites along the stretch of the River Tisza in the Pannonian part of Serbia during October 2010. Results revealed that heavy metals and microelements with the highest values in fish samples were Fe, Al, and Zn. The highest concentration of heavy metals and microelements was recorded in omnivorous common carp, and organs that most intensively accumulated the greatest number of metals were liver and gills, whereas the locality did not exert a marked impact on level of bioaccumulation. PMID:26039743

  12. Late Precambrian Balkan-Carpathian ophiolite — a slice of the Pan-African ocean crust?: geochemical and tectonic insights from the Tcherni Vrah and Deli Jovan massifs, Bulgaria and Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ivan Savov; Jeffrey G Ryan; Ivan Haydoutov; Johan Schijf

    2001-01-01

    The Balkan-Carpathian ophiolite (BCO), which outcrops in Bulgaria, Serbia and Romania, is a Late Precambrian (563Ma) mafic\\/ultramafic complex unique in that it has not been strongly deformed or metamorphosed, as have most other basement sequences in Alpine Europe. Samples collected for study from the Tcherni Vrah and Deli Jovan segments of BCO include cumulate dunites, troctolites, wehrlites and plagioclase wehrlites;

  13. Sulfur isotope variations from orebody to hand-specimen scale at the Mežica lead-zinc deposit, Slovenia: a predominantly biogenic pattern

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Herlec, Uroš; Spangenberg, Jorge E.; Lavri?, Jošt V.

    2010-08-01

    The Mississippi Valley-type (MVT) Pb-Zn ore district at Mežica is hosted by Middle to Upper Triassic platform carbonate rocks in the Northern Karavanke/Drau Range geotectonic units of the Eastern Alps, northeastern Slovenia. The mineralization at Mežica covers an area of 64 km2 with more than 350 orebodies and numerous galena and sphalerite occurrences, which formed epigenetically, both conformable and discordant to bedding. While knowledge on the style of mineralization has grown considerably, the origin of discordant mineralization is still debated. Sulfur stable isotope analyses of 149 sulfide samples from the different types of orebodies provide new insights on the genesis of these mineralizations and their relationship. Over the whole mining district, sphalerite and galena have ? 34 S values in the range of -24.7 to -1.5‰ VCDT (-13.5 ą 5.0‰) and -24.7 to -1.4‰ (-10.7 ą 5.9‰), respectively. These values are in the range of the main MVT deposits of the Drau Range. All sulfide ? 34 S values are negative within a broad range, with ? 34 S pyrite < ? 34 S sphalerite < ? 34 S galena for both conformable and discordant orebodies, indicating isotopically heterogeneous H2S in the ore-forming fluids and precipitation of the sulfides at thermodynamic disequilibrium. This clearly supports that the main sulfide sulfur originates from bacterially mediated reduction (BSR) of Middle to Upper Triassic seawater sulfate or evaporite sulfate. Thermochemical sulfate reduction (TSR) by organic compounds contributed a minor amount of 34S-enriched H2S to the ore fluid. The variations of ? 34 S values of galena and coarse-grained sphalerite at orefield scale are generally larger than the differences observed in single hand specimens. The progressively more negative ? 34 S values with time along the different sphalerite generations are consistent with mixing of different H2S sources, with a decreasing contribution of H2S from regional TSR, and an increase from a local H2S reservoir produced by BSR (i.e., sedimentary biogenic pyrite, organo-sulfur compounds). Galena in discordant ore (-11.9 to -1.7‰; -7.0 ą 2.7‰, n = 12) tends to be depleted in 34 S compared with conformable ore (-24.7 to -2.8‰, -11.7 ą 6.2‰, n = 39). A similar trend is observed from fine-crystalline sphalerite I to coarse open-space filling sphalerite II. Some variation of the sulfide ? 34 S values is attributed to the inherent variability of bacterial sulfate reduction, including metabolic recycling in a locally partially closed system and contribution of H2S from hydrolysis of biogenic pyrite and thermal cracking of organo-sulfur compounds. The results suggest that the conformable orebodies originated by mixing of hydrothermal saline metal-rich fluid with H2S-rich pore waters during late burial diagenesis, while the discordant orebodies formed by mobilization of the earlier conformable mineralization.

  14. Agent-based assessment of stormwater re-use potential of low-impact development control facilities at the site of Vlasina Lake, Serbia.

    PubMed

    Blagojevi?, Borislava; Mili?evi?, Dragan; Poti?, Olivera

    2013-01-01

    Vlasina Lake in south-east Serbia is classified as an Area of Distinct Land Use and, as such, is subject to high environmental protection standards applied in the Master Plan. Two open channels for stormwater and sediment transportation to two large detention basins with pumping stations for water evacuation into the lake were envisaged in the Master Plan. In the preliminary design, the stormwater system was quite different: wherever possible, on-site natural features were used for allocation of ponds, and drainage channels were led through existing road culverts. The applied design concept has been low impact development (LID), which led to potential blue-green corridors, recognized by project stakeholders. The paper studies the possibility of using ponds as a key element of both the LID concept and the blue-green corridors approach. For that purpose, an initial Vlasina Lake site agent-based simulation model has been created. A realistic physical model is included, and simulation results for two hypothetical climatic and socio-economic scenarios are presented. From the experience in creating the agent-based model, and based on the simulation results, recommendations are given for further work. It is shown that ponds have potential for the investigated water re-use purposes. PMID:23925201

  15. Determination of the soil-to-grass transfer of 137Cs and its relation to several soil properties at various locations in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Krsti?, Dragana; Stevanovi?, Nenad; Milivojevi?, Jelena; Nikezi?, Dragoslav

    2007-03-01

    Transfer coefficients of (137)Cs from soil to grass were determined for the terrain around the city of Kragujevac in central Serbia. Mass activity concentrations of (137)Cs in soil and grass samples were determined with a high-purity Ge-detector (HPGe). The activity concentration at the depth of 20 cm was found to be in the range of 14.92-124.05 Bq kg(-1), whereas the activity in grass for the same location was in the range of 4.60-84.95 Bq kg(-1). Transfer factors (TFs) were in the range of 0.07 up to 1.94. Dependences of TFs on different soil characteristics were presented graphically. Weak dependences were determined between them. Absalom's model was used to predict TFs based on soil characteristics: pH value, contents of clay, exchangeable potassium and humus. A comparison of measured and predicted values from Absalom's model is shown graphically. It has been found that Absalom's model might be carefully used for the prediction of (137)Cs in grass for specific regions. PMID:17454274

  16. Determination of pharmaceuticals and pesticides in river sediments and corresponding surface and ground water in the Danube River and tributaries in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Radovi?, Tanja; Gruji?, Svetlana; Petkovi?, An?elka; Dimki?, Milan; Lauševi?, Mila

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was the development of analytical methods for the simultaneous determination of 25 selected pharmaceuticals, metabolites, and pesticides, belonging to the various chemical classes, in river sediments and their corresponding surface and ground water with the purpose of monitoring the contamination levels. The methods were based on the solid-phase extraction as the sample preparation method for water samples, and the ultrasonic solvent extraction for the sediment samples, followed by the liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. High recoveries were achieved for extraction from both water and sediment samples for the majority of analytes. Low limits of detection were achieved for all investigated compounds in the water sample (1-5 ng L(-1)) as well as in the sediment (1-3 ng g(-1)). Applicability of the developed methods was demonstrated by determination of pharmaceutical and pesticide residues in 30 surface water, 44 groundwater, and 5 sediment samples from the Danube River Basin in Serbia. Sixty percent of target compounds were detected in environmental samples. The most frequently detected analytes in river sediments were the pesticides dimethoate and atrazine, while carbamazepine and metamizole metabolites 4-AAA and 4-FAA were the most frequently found in water samples. PMID:25400028

  17. Calculation of dose rate conversion factors for (238)U, (232)TH and (40)K in concrete structures of various dimensions, with application to Nis, Serbia.

    PubMed

    Manic, Vesna; Manic, Goran; Nikezic, Dragoslav; Krstic, Dragana

    2012-12-01

    The absorbed gamma dose rate in indoor air due to natural radionuclides in concrete as a building material was determined in this work. The dose rate conversion factors for (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K, for standard rooms as well as rooms with different sets of dimensions, were evaluated by the point kernel technique, using Harima (geometric progression) build-up factors. The values of the conversion factors, in units (nGy h(-1) (Bq kg(-1))(-1)) calculated for the standard room are: 0.76, 0.91 and 0.070, respectively for (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K. The fitting formula was obtained for dose rate conversion factors, enabling them to be conveniently calculated for a room with arbitrary dimensions. For concrete block samples collected in the area of Niš, Serbia, the measurement of the radionuclide activity concentrations was also carried out. The evaluated absorbed dose rate conversion factors were then applied in the assessment of corresponding indoor gamma dose rates, finding that all the concrete samples fulfilled the usage requirement. PMID:22522178

  18. Radionuclides in the soil around the largest coal-fired power plant in Serbia: radiological hazard, relationship with soil characteristics and spatial distribution.

    PubMed

    ?uji?, Mirjana; Dragovi?, Snežana; ?or?evi?, Milan; Dragovi?, Ranko; Gaji?, Boško; Miljani?, Š?epan

    2015-07-01

    Primordial radionuclides, (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K were determined in soil samples collected at two depths (0-10 and 10-20 cm) in the vicinity of the largest coal-fired power plant in Serbia, and their spatial distribution was analysed using ordinary kriging. Mean values of activity concentrations for these depths were 50.7 Bq kg(-1) for (238)U, 48.7 Bq kg(-1) for (232)Th and 560 Bq kg(-1) for (40)K. Based on the measured activity concentrations, the radiological hazard due to naturally occurring radionuclides in soil was assessed. The value of the mean total absorbed dose rate was 76.3 nGy h(-1), which is higher than the world average. The annual effective dose due to these radionuclides ranged from 51.4 to 114.2 ?Sv. Applying cluster analysis, correlations between radionuclides and soil properties were determined. The distribution pattern of natural radionuclides in the environment surrounding the coal-fired power plant and their enrichment in soil at some sampling sites were in accordance with dispersion models of fly ash emissions. From the results obtained, it can be concluded that operation of the coal-fired power plant has no significant negative impact on the surrounding environment with regard to the content of natural radionuclides. PMID:25716901

  19. Dialect Leveling in Haloze, Slovenia

    E-print Network

    Lundberg, Grant H.

    2013-01-01

    . The modern sociolinguistic state of the dialect is discussed based on extensive interviews as well as several questionnaires conducted in the region within the last two years. All of this material indicates that the local dialect is not dying. Large...

  20. Woman in Physics in Slovenia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Zeleznik, Nadja; Conradi, Marjetka; Remskar, Maja

    2009-04-01

    Slovenian female physicists are organized in an informal network that incorporates more than 100 women working in research, academia, government, and industry. In the past three years we have accomplished several actions in order to motivate young girls and students to pursue physics. Our main achievement was publishing the monograph Physics—My Education in September 2007. The book includes 79 autobiographic contributions of female physicists presenting their life and work in different areas: science (institutes and universities), teaching, industry, and government. We have also organized an exhibition about Slovene women in physics, presenting the very first female physicists and all the next generations. A very popular item among women and men was also a T-shirt with our logo. By selling the books and T-shirts we have collected money for scholarships for female students of physics. The first four scholarships were awarded on March 8, 2008, in the spirit of the International Women's Day.

  1. Cervids as Babesiae Hosts, Slovenia

    PubMed Central

    Petrovec, Miroslav; Bidovec, Andrej; Avsic-Zupanc, Tatjana

    2005-01-01

    We describe cervids as potential reservoir hosts of Babesia EU1 and B. divergens. Both babesial parasites were found in roe deer. Sequence analysis of 18S rRNA showed 99.7% identity of roe deer Babesia EU1 with the human EU1 strain. B. divergens detected in cervids was 99.6% identical to bovine B. divergens. PMID:16022795

  2. Surgical management of well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma in children and adolescents: 33 years of experience of a single institution in Serbia.

    PubMed

    Dzodic, Radan; Buta, Marko; Markovic, Ivan; Gavrilovic, Dusica; Matovic, Milovan; Djurisic, Igor; Milovanovic, Zorka; Pupic, Gordana; Tasic, Slobodan; Besic, Nikola

    2014-11-28

    Well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma in children and adolescents is rare but demonstrates aggressive behavior. Gross lymph node metastases and distant metastases are common upon first clinical presentation. During a 33-year period (1981-2014) at the Institute of Oncology and Radiology of Serbia, 62 children and adolescents underwent surgery due to well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Mean age was 16.7 (range 7-21) years. At the time of diagnosis 6% of patients had lung metastases. Total thyroidectomy or completion thyroidectomy was performed for all patients followed by central neck dissection and frozen section examination of jugular-carotid compartments. Median follow-up was 10.9 (range 0.69-33.05) years and median tumor size was 20 (range 2-60) mm. Papillary carcinoma was found in 96%, and follicular and Hürthle cell carcinoma in 2% of patients. Multifocal tumors were found in 50% and capsular invasion in 60% of patients. Lymphonodal metastases in either central or lateral neck compartments were found in 73% of patients. Multifocality and capsular invasion were significantly more frequent in patients less than 16 years of age (both p < 0.01). Median disease-free interval had not been reached and overall survival rate was 100%. Well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma in children and adolescents is characterized by a high rate of loco-regional aggressiveness, multifocality, capsular invasion, lymph node metastases and distant metastases at the time of diagnosis. Adequate surgical approaches should be performed for both primary and recurrent disease in young patients with well-differentiated thyroid carcinoma in order to achieve loco-regional disease control and longer disease-free survival. PMID:25132169

  3. International Developments in Higher Education: New Perspectives on Nonuniversities.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kintzer, Frederick C.

    1995-01-01

    Describes higher education structures of nations sponsoring nonuniversity programs, including Russia, Belarus, Germany, Hungary, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, New Zealand, and Mexico, and compares their programs with American community colleges. Identifies new nonuniversity systems, and recommends techniques to…

  4. Detection of bovine and human tuberculosis in cattle and other animals in six Central European countries during the years 2000-2004

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. PAVLIK; I. TRCKA; I. PARMOVA; J. SVOBODOVA; I. MELICHAREK; G. NAGY; Z. CVETNIC; M. OCEPEK; M. PATE; M. LIPIEC

    During a five year period (2000-2004), the incidence of bovine and human tuberculosis in cattle and other animals from six Central European countries was evaluated: Croatia (HRV), the Czech Republic (CZE), Hungary (HUN), Poland (POL), Slovakia (SVK), and Slovenia (SVN). These countries, lying between the Baltic and the Adriatic seas, cover an area of 610 402 km2 and had more

  5. Incidence of bovine tuberculosis in wild and domestic animals other than cattle in six Central European countries during 1990-1999

    Microsoft Academic Search

    I. PAVLIK; M. MACHACKOVA; W. YAYO AYELE; J. LAMKA; I. PARMOVA; I. MELICHAREK; M. HANZLIKOVA; B. KÖRMENDY; G. NAGY; Z. CVETNIC; M. OCEPEK; M. LIPIEC

    2002-01-01

    The study was undertaken in Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia and Slovenia laying between Baltic and Adriatic seas on 610 402 km 2 . Mycobacterium bovis infection was diagnosed in 70 animals belonging to 17 species other than cattle. The set of wild animals comprised 12 European bison (Bison bonasus), one red deer (Cervus elaphus), five wild boars (Sus

  6. EU contract FISH/2004/011 on Sport Fisheries (or Marine

    E-print Network

    Sweden 26 Poland 27 North Sea RAC (UK, Germany, The Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark, Sweden, Norway) 29 and Azores 41 Spain. 43 Mediterranean RAC (Spain, France, Italy, Greece, Malta, Cyprus, Slovakia, Slovenia) 44 Mediterranean: General 44 Cyprus 46 France (Mediterranean coastline) 47 Greece 47 Italy 50 Malta

  7. List of codes Language abbreviation codes

    E-print Network

    Ireland EE Estonia SK Slovakia DK Denmark LI Liechtenstein HU Hungary SI Slovenia ES Spain LU Luxembourg codes A Austria IR L Ireland BG Bulgaria LV Latvia B Belgium IS Iceland CY Cyprus MT Malta D Germany L RaphaelC2000 Culture 2000 FPR D Framework Programme Research.and Development. SOC SOCRATES CONN Connect

  8. The Legal Status of Home Education in Post-Communist Countries of Central Europe

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Kostelecka, Yvona

    2012-01-01

    As new laws on education were gradually adopted in post-communist states after 1989, the countries also dealt with the problem of how to include home education in their own legislation. This article investigates the development of legislation on home education in five states of post-communist Central Europe: the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Slovenia

  9. During19822007,alveolarechinococcosis(AE)was diagnosedin407patientsinFrance,acountrypreviously

    E-print Network

    Boyer, Edmond

    by the larval stage of the fox tapeworm Echinococcus multilocu- laris. In human infections, after a person ingests eggs, the metacestode cells of E. multilocularis proliferate in the liver, inducing a hepatic, Slovakia, Lithuania, Slovenia, Belgium, and Hungary (7,8). Molecular typing of E. multilocularis specimens

  10. Managerial behavior and cost\\/profit efficiency in the banking sectors of Central and Eastern European countries

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Stefania P. S. Rossi; Markus Schwaiger; Gerhard Winkler

    2005-01-01

    This paper analyzes cost and profit efficiency level and the managerial behavior of banks in nine Central and Eastern European countries (the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia), providing cross-country and time series evidence on the period 1995-2002. A stochastic frontier analysis based on a Fourier flexible form indicates a generally low level of cost

  11. Final report on bilateral supplementary comparison EURAMET.M.M-S6 between DMDM (Serbia) and BoM (Macedonia) (EURAMET 1228): Comparison of 20 kg mass standard provided by DMDM

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Djuri?, Predrag; Rama?, Boris

    2013-01-01

    The intention of this bilateral comparison identified as EURAMET.M.M-S6 (EURAMET Project No 1228) between DMDM (Serbia) and BoM (Macedonia) is to provide evidence of metrological equivalence of BoM in the field of mass standard calibration. It will be used as supplementary support for submission of CMC entries by BoM for a 20 kg mass standard. This comparison was coordinated by DMDM. Main text. To reach the main text of this paper, click on Final Report. Note that this text is that which appears in Appendix B of the BIPM key comparison database kcdb.bipm.org/. The final report has been peer-reviewed and approved for publication by EURAMET, according to the provisions of the CIPM Mutual Recognition Arrangement (CIPM MRA).

  12. Interplay between compression and extension and its impact on basins evolution along the Europe-Adria suture in the area of Belgrade, Serbia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Marinko, Tolji?; Liviu, Matenco; Uroš, Stojadinovi?

    2015-04-01

    The segment of the suture zone between units of contrasting Adriatic and European affinities situated in Belgrade area of central Serbia is composed of a complex tectono-sedimentary setting that was amalgamated during Cretaceous to Paleogene closure of the Neothethys Ocean. We have analyzed this Cretaceous sedimentary succession in the context of broader kinematic and depositional evolution of the Europe - Adria collision zone, where the basinal evolution was governed by the enduring processes of subduction. A slice of oceanic lithosphere was obducted during the latest Jurassic times far towards the SW over the Adriatic continental margin creating an underlying ophiolitic mélange. This mélange contains radiolarites deposited over oceanic lithosphere, the youngest being of Early Tithonian in age. These radiolarites and the Cretaceous post-tectonic overlying the ophiolites cover define a Middle-Late Tithonian age of the obduction. The obduction was followed by rapid subsidence affecting the European margin during Cretaceous times, which was unconformably covered by a gradual deepening facies. The base of this overstepping sequence, generally referred as the Lower Cretaceous "para-flysch", is composed of thick layered shallow-water limestones that cemented large fragments of re-deposited Tithonian high-organic limestones. These are overlain by a turbiditic alternation of mudstones and sandstones that are laterally replaced by graded calcareous sandstones and breccias containing Lower Cretaceous microfauna and local large olistostromic fragments of re-deposited Upper Jurassic macrofauna. These deposits are overlain into a deep-water carbonatic succession containing often cherts and radiolarites replaced laterally to the S and SW by turbidites that marks the transition to the Barremian. These gradually deepening deposits with a highly lateral variation in paleo-bathimetry define an Early Cretaceous fore-arc basin system, its sediments being deposited over the European margin in the immediate vicinity of the Neotethys subduction zone, which is marked by a narrow accretionary wedge composed of coeval deposited of deep-water trench turbidites. The on-going subduction during the onset of late Cretaceous times is accompanied by uplift and a gradual shallowing of the Albian-Cenomanian sedimentary facies. This was followed by regional subsidence and a gradual deepening of the sedimentary facies during contraction that was roughly coeval with the onset of back-arc extension in regions situated farther into the European domain (e.g., the Timok zone of the Serbian Carpathians). This coeval contraction and extension possibly reflects a stage of slab-retreat in the Neotethys subduction zone. In the Belgrade area, the sediments are composed of Cenomanian-Turonian coarse limestones and mudstones that are penetrated by numerous basaltic dykes and sills, associated with acid volcanism. It is likely that the emplacement of this bi-modal magmatism was facilitated by small amounts of localized extension affecting the fore-arc basin during the slab-retreat. This was subsequently covered by the typical post-Turonian - Paleogene turbidites of the Sava zone suture, which overlies in this specific situation also the sedimentary and magmatic succession of the fore-arc. We interpret this as a continuation of the fore-arc subsidence and its transition to the subduction trench. The collision of Europe with the Adriatic margin took place during the deposition of these latter turbidites, shallowing and ultimately exhuming the basin. The entire area was subsequently affected by the Miocene extension that created widespread normal faulting and covering with coeval deposits. These findings infer that the contact area between Europe and Adria is more complex than a simple suture zone containing syn-contractional trench turbidites, explaining the widely observed covering of European margin by Early Cretaceous shallower-water sediments, late Cretaceous turbidites and coeval bi-modal magmatism. The evolution of the subduction zone adjacent to the sub

  13. River sinuosity changes as indicators of the possible neotectonic activity - a case study on the Danube River between Paks (Hungary) and Beograd (Serbia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Petrovszki, Judit

    2010-05-01

    The meandering, pre-regulation river planforms of the Danube River, between Paks (Hungary) and Beograd (Serbia) was digitized from the map sheets of the Second Military Survey of the Habsburg Empire (Timár et al., 2006). These maps were surveyed before or simultaneously with the river control works, so it is possible to follow the natural riverbeds, the natural changing of the meandering structure. The sinuosity values were calculated with different window sizes, and displayed in a spectrum-like diagram (sinuosity spectra; after van Balen et al., 2008). The channel sinuosity of this river is analyzed in order to draw conclusions on the neotectonic activity of the western part of the Great Hungarian Plain. Several points of sinuosity change were identified. To prove that these are of neotectonic origin, a neotectonic map and seismic sections crossing the study area, were also analyzed. Significant sinuosity changes (low to high or high to low), spatially correlated to linear features identified in seismic survey sections or in tectonic maps (Horváth et al., 2006), indicate their neotectonic activity (Ouchi, 1985; Timár, 2003; Zámolyi et al., 2010). Upstream of the Hungarian-Serbian border, the Duna (Danube) has anabranching planform, the Baracskai-Duna is the main anabranch. There is a fault on the neotectonic map, crossing both rivers, and cause the decreasing of the sinuosity. The vertical activity of the structural line, which is more or less parallel to the international border, is verified by the sinuosity change. The direction of the change (from high to low sinuosity values) correlates with the normal fault character, shown on the map. Another significant sinuosity change occurs downstream of the Drava River confluence. The explanation of this change can be of two kinds. First, there is a known tectonic feature along the Drava River, with dextral faulting. The sinuosity increase could indicate a small active vertical component of this structural line. However, another possible explanation is based on the significant sediment load of the tributary, that is naturally decreases the river sinuosity. Horváth, F., Bada, G., Windhoffer, G., Csontos, L., Dombrádi, E., Dövényi, P., Fodor, L., Grenerczy, Gy., Síkhegyi, F., Szafián, P., Székely, B., Timár, G., Tóth, L., Tóth, T. (2006): A Pannon-medence jelenkori geodinamikájának atlasza: Euro-konform térképsorozat és magyarázó. Magyar Geofizika 47(4), 133-137. Ouchi, S. (1985): Response of alluvial rivers to slow active tectonic movement. Geol. Soc. Am. Bull. 96, 504-515. Timár, G. (2003): Controls on channel sinuosity changes: a case study of the Tisza River, the Great Hungarian Plain. Quaternary Sci. Rev. 22, 2199-2207. Timár, G., Molnár, G., Székely, B., Biszak, S., Varga, J., Jankó, A. (2006): Digitized maps of the Habsburg Empire - The map sheets of the second military survey and their georeferenced version. Arcanum, Budapest, 59 p. van Balen, R. T., Kasse, C., Moor, J. (2008): Impact of groundwater flow on meandering; example from the Geul river, the Netherlands. Earth Surf. Process. and Landf. 33(13), 2010-2028. Zámolyi, A., Székely, B., Draganits, E., Timár, G. (2010): Neotectonic control on river sinuosity at the western margin of the Little Hungarian Plain. Geomorph., in press, DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2009.06.028

  14. Hantaviruses in Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Anna Papa; Bojana Bojovic; Antonis Antoniadis

    antaviruses (Bunyaviridae) are enveloped, single- stranded, negative-sense RNA viruses with a tripartite genome consisting of a small (S), a medium (M), and a large (L) segment, which encode the nucleocapsid protein, the glycoprotein precursor and the putative RNA poly- merase, respectively (1). Hantaviruses are transmitted to humans through aerosols of excreta from small mammals, mainly rodents, that have had silent

  15. Stocktaking Research on Policies for Education for Democratic Citizenship and Management of Diversity in Southeast Europe. Regional Analysis and Intervention Proposals. Regional Report.

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Harrison, Cameron; Baumgartl, Bernd

    This report is a contribution to the Stocktaking Research Project on national government policies within the field of education for Education for Democratic Citizenship (EDC) and the Management of Diversity (MofD) in the countries of South East Europe (Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Slovenia). The…

  16. Q Fever in Bulgaria and Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    V. Serbezov; J. KazĆr; Ü V. Novkirishki; N. Gatcheva

    1999-01-01

    As a result of dramatic political and economic changes in the beginning of the 1990s, Q-fever epidemiology in Bulgaria has changed. The number of goats almost tripled; contact between goat owners (and their families) and goats, as well as goats and other animals, increased; consumption of raw goat milk and its products increased; and goats replaced cattle and sheep as

  17. Human papillomavirus prevalence and type-distribution, cervical cancer screening practices and current status of vaccination implementation in Central and Eastern Europe.

    PubMed

    Poljak, Mario; Seme, Katja; Maver, Polona J; Kocjan, Boštjan J; Cuschieri, Kate S; Rogovskaya, Svetlana I; Arbyn, Marc; Syrjänen, Stina

    2013-12-31

    We present a review of current cervical cancer screening practices, the implementation status of vaccination against human papillomaviruses (HPV) and available data concerning the burden of HPV infection and HPV type-specific distribution in 16 Central and Eastern European countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Montenegro, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia and the Former Yugoslav Republic (FYR) of Macedonia. Since published data were relatively scarce, two detailed surveys were conducted during August-October 2011 and in January 2013 to obtain relevant and updated information. The mean prevalence of HPV infection in 8610 women with normal cervical cytology from the region was 12.6%, with HPV16 being the most frequent HPV type. The overall HPV DNA prevalence in women with high-grade cervical lesions was 78.1%. HPV DNA was found in 86.6% of cervical cancers; the combined prevalence of HPV16/18 among HPV positive cases was 87.5%. The overall HPV DNA prevalence in genital warts and laryngeal papillomas was 94.8% and 95.2%, respectively, with HPV6 and HPV11 being the most frequent types. Opportunistic and organized cervical screening, mainly based on conventional cytology, is performed in nine and seven countries in the region, respectively, with the proposed age of the start of screening ranging from 20 to 30 years and the estimated coverage ranging from a few percent to over 70%. At least one of the current HPV prophylactic vaccines is registered in all Central and Eastern European countries except Montenegro. Only Bulgaria, Czech Republic, FYR Macedonia, Latvia, Romania and Slovenia have actually integrated HPV vaccination into their national immunization programme and currently provide routine vaccination free of charge to the primary target population. The key reasons for lack of implementation of HPV vaccination into the national immunization programme are high vaccine cost and negative public perception. This article forms part of a regional report entitled "Comprehensive Control of HPV Infections and Related Diseases in the Central and Eastern Europe and Central Asia Region" Vaccine Volume 31, Supplement 7, 2013. Updates of the progress in the field are presented in a separate monograph entitled "Comprehensive Control of HPV Infections and Related Diseases" Vaccine Volume 30, Supplement 5, 2012. PMID:24332298

  18. Distribution of uranium, thorium and some stable trace and toxic elements in human hair and nails in Niška Banja Town, a high natural background radiation area of Serbia (Balkan Region, South-East Europe).

    PubMed

    Sahoo, S K; Žuni?, Z S; Kritsananuwat, R; Zagrodzki, P; Bossew, P; Veselinovic, N; Mishra, S; Yonehara, H; Tokonami, S

    2015-07-01

    Human hair and nails can be considered as bio-indicators of the public exposure to certain natural radionuclides and other toxic metals over a long period of months or even years. The level of elements in hair and nails usually reflect their levels in other tissues of body. Niška Banja, a spa town located in southern Serbia, with locally high natural background radiation was selected for the study. To assess public exposure to the trace elements, hair and nail samples were collected and analyzed. The concentrations of uranium, thorium and some trace and toxic elements (Mn, Ni, Cu, Sr, Cd, and Cs) were determined using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). U and Th concentrations in hair varied from 0.0002 to 0.0771 ?g/g and from 0.0002 to 0.0276 ?g/g, respectively. The concentrations in nails varied from 0.0025 to 0.0447 ?g/g and from 0.0023 to 0.0564 ?g/g for U and Th, respectively. We found significant correlations between some elements in hair and nails. Also indications of spatial clustering of high values could be found. However, this phenomenon as well as the large variations in concentrations of heavy metals in hair and nail could not be explained. As hypotheses, we propose possible exposure pathways which may explain the findings, but the current data does not allow testing them. PMID:25875006

  19. Development of Wood Chips and Pellets market in Slovakia Jozef Viglasky, SK-BIOM, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    energy will become increasingly competitive in the coming years: prices for natural gas and electricity warming; ˇ import of natural gas affects the trade balance and does not contribute to the development in small villages and rural areas, the establishment of a gas network is costly; in a liberal energy market

  20. Development of Wood Chips and Pellets market in Slovakia Jozef Viglasky, SK-BIOM, Slovakia

    E-print Network

    , biomass energy will become increasingly competitive in the coming years: prices for natural gas warming; ˇ import of natural gas affects the trade balance and does not contribute to the development in small villages and rural areas, the establishment of a gas network is costly; in a liberal energy market

  1. Pharmacy network and access to medicines in selected eastern European countries: comparative analysis

    PubMed Central

    Laki?, Dragana; Tasi?, Ljiljana; Kos, Mitja; Petrova, Guenka; Stoimenova, Assena; Krajnovi?, Dušanka

    2012-01-01

    Aim To analyze the pharmacy network (structure and resources) in Bulgaria, Croatia, Serbia, and Slovenia and its relation to public expenditures for medicines. Methods We performed a cross-sectional study using the officially published data for the period 2003-2008 in four selected countries. Data sources were relevant national institutions. Results In 2008, Serbia had 27.5, Bulgaria 66.8, Croatia 59.5, and Slovenia 71.2 pharmacists per 100?000 inhabitants. There was a significant difference in the number of pharmacists per 100?000 inhabitants between all countries except between Bulgaria and Slovenia. The number of inhabitants per one pharmacy was significantly different between all observed countries. The expenditures for medicines per capita in 2008 were between €30.34 in Bulgaria to €137.03 in Slovenia, with a significant difference between all countries except between Bulgaria and Serbia. The number of pharmacists per 100?000 inhabitants and expenditures for medicines per capita were positively correlated in all observed countries, except in Bulgaria. Conclusion There were significant difference in the structure and availability of the pharmacy service in all selected countries. Expenditures for medicines were positively correlated with the number of pharmacists in all countries, except in Bulgaria. Our findings could be valuable to national regulatory bodies for the creation of national drug policies. PMID:22351579

  2. Survey of canine dirofilariasis in Vojvodina, Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Aleksandar Tasi?; Luca Rossi; Suzana Tasi?; Natasa Miladinovi?-Tasi?; Tamara Ili?; Sanda Dimitrijevi?

    2008-01-01

    In 2006 and 2007, a total of 193 blood samples were collected from privately owned dogs housed predominantly outdoors, resident\\u000a in four provinces in Vojvodina, Serbian Republic. Circulating microfilariae of Dirofilaria repens, Dirofilaria immitis and Acanthocheilonema reconditum were found in 49.2%, 7.2% and 2.1% of dogs, respectively. Two additional occult heartworm infections were revealed with an\\u000a antigen test of 90

  3. Life and limb: prosthetic citizenship in Serbia 

    E-print Network

    Milosavljevic, Kate Louise

    2013-07-02

    The term ‘prosthetic’ is used increasingly across the social sciences and has taken on a theoretical life as a result of debates springing from contemporary studies of science and technology, medical anthropology and ...

  4. PKU in Slovakia: mutation screening and haplotype analysis

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Ludovit Kádasi; Helena Poláková; Eva Feráková; So?a Hudecová; Tá?a Bohušová; Ildiko Szomolayová; Jaroslava Strnová; Ivan Hruškovi?; Nicholas K. Moschonas; Vladimír Ferák

    1995-01-01

    The restriction fragment length polymorphism haplotypes and seven common mutations in the phenylalanine hydroxylase gene were analysed in 49 unrelated Slovak phenylketonuria (PKU) families of Caucasian origin. The predominant mutation in this population sample is R408W, with a frequency of 45.9%. In addition, four other mutations have been identified at relatively high frequencies: IVS12nt1, 10.2%; R158Q, 7.1%; R261Q, 7.1%; R252W,

  5. Borrelia lusitaniae and Green Lizards (Lacerta viridis), Karst Region, Slovakia

    PubMed Central

    Majláth, Igor; Derdáková, Marketa; Víchová, Bronislava; Pe?ko, Branislav

    2006-01-01

    In Europe, spirochetes within the Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex are transmitted by Ixodes ricinus ticks. Specific associations are described between reservoir hosts and individual genospecies. We focused on green lizard (Lacerta viridis) as a host for ticks and potential host for borreliae. In 2004 and 2005, a total of 146 green lizards infested by ticks were captured, and 469 I. ricinus ticks were removed. Borrelial infection was detected in 16.6% of ticks from lizards. Of 102 skin biopsy specimens collected from lizards, 18.6% tested positive. The most frequently detected genospecies was B. lusitaniae (77.9%–94.7%). More than 19% of questing I. ricinus collected in areas where lizards were sampled tested positive for borreliae. B. garinii was the dominant species, and B. lusitaniae represented 11.1%. The presence of B. lusitaniae in skin biopsy specimens and in ticks that had fed on green lizards implicates this species in the transmission cycle of B. lusitaniae. PMID:17326941

  6. PERSONAL EXPOSURE TO PARTICLES IN BANSKA BYSTRICA, SLOVAKIA

    EPA Science Inventory

    Epidemiological studies have associated adverse health impacts with ambient concentrations of particulate matter (PM), though these studies have been limited in their characterization of personal exposure to PM. An exposure study of healthy nonsmoking adults and children was cond...

  7. Teaching about Money, Cultural Heritage, and Citizenship in Slovakia

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Hinton, Samuel

    2004-01-01

    One crucial role of the teacher of citizenship education is to facilitate and help legitimize the "pupils' voice" in the classroom. The teacher should abdicate the "talking head" role and replace it with one that encourages and validates pupil owners

  8. NATURAL AND MAN-MADE HEALTH HAZARDS IN RURAL SLOVAKIA

    PubMed Central

    Gulis, Gabriel; Kollarová, Jana; Dietzová, Zuzana; Labancová, Jana; Behanová, Martina; Ondrušová, Martina

    2011-01-01

    SUMMARY Context There is little information on health situation of the people of rural Slovak Republic. The rural environment is often a mixture of natural and man-made hazards, which under some conditions, might turn to be a health risk to humans. Purpose The aim of this study was to compare two regions of the Slovak Republic, two different hazards (natural and man-made), two different methods of health outcome measurement (routine statistics and individual diary based data). Methods Ecological study design with focus on cancer incidence analysis was employed in case of natural hazard analysis. Standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were calculated and are presented in paper. Observational study design was employed to study rural gardening practices and their impact on health. Findings Statistically significant differences in SIR were found in rural areas of Spis-Gemer Region (SGR) among males for lip, oral cavity and larynx (1.60, CI 95% 1.12–2.34), respiratory (1.25, CI 95% 1.01–1.55) and digestive organ cancers (1.22, CI 95% 1.01–1.47); hematopoetic cancers are significantly elevated among males in rural areas as well (1.58, CI 95% 1.05–2.39). Pesticide use (83.1% of gardeners use pesticides) without any protective equipment is still widespread among gardeners in rural Slovak Republic (16.9%). The produced fruits and vegetables are substantial part of total fruit and vegetable consumption (51% in summer and 42.7% in winter season) increasing the risk of exposure to pesticides. Conclusion Our study shows that on ecological level, mortality and morbidity statistics could be used to assess human health status in linkage to broad exposure measures (urban- rural); on dose response level (arsenic in soil) this method lacks sensitivity. Health survey and diary method on the other hand are useful tools in analysis of rural health especially with respect to man-made hazards. PMID:20377050

  9. Reuse of Waste Waters in Slovakia, Water Supply Sustainability

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Štefan Stanko

    Continual population increase together with living standard has negative impact on local and global environment. The population\\u000a produces the excessive amount of pollution through solid waste and wastewater. There are many possibilities how to solve this\\u000a problem. The first one is to eliminate production of waste waters. The second one is to find the way how to disposal wastewaters.\\u000a There

  10. OneGeology-Europe Plus Initiative

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Capova, Dana; Kondrova, Lucie

    2014-05-01

    The Geological Surveys of the European countries hold valuable resources of geological data but, to discover, understand and use this data efficiently, a good level of standardization is essential. The OneGeology-Europe project had the aim of making geological maps at a scale 1:1M from Europe discoverable and accessible, available under a common data license and described by multilingual metainformation. A harmonized specification for basic geological map data was developed so that significant progress towards harmonizing the datasets was achieved. Responsibility for the management of the OneGeology-Europe portal has been taken by EuroGeoSurveys and provided by CGS and BRGM. Of the 34 members of EuroGeoSurveys (EGS), only 20 participated in the OneGeology-Europe project (Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Spain, United Kingdom), so the European area was not completely covered. At the 33rd General Meeting and Directors Workshop in 2012 it was therefore decided to establish a successor initiative OneGeology Europe Plus (1G-E+) with the purpose of extending the coverage by geological maps at a scale of 1:1 M to all the EGS member countries (including Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Greece, Iceland, Lithuania, Malta, Romania, Russia, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine) and also, if possible, to the other European countries (Belorussia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Faeroe Islands, Kosovo, Latvia, Macedonia, Moldavia, Montenegro, Serbia). In order to achieve the desired result, it has been necessary for the new GSOs who intend to supply the additional 1G-E standardized services to carry out the work using their own staff and resources. The technical guidance and other support have been provided by the 1G-E+ Technical Support Team, funded from the internal budgets of their respective surveys. The team is coordinated by the Czech Geological Survey (CGS) working with the Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Miničres (BRGM), the British Geological Survey (BGS), the Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (GEUS) and the Geological Survey of Slovenia (GeoZS). The Geological Survey of the Netherlands (TNO) decided to provide financial support for the initiative. The Technical Support Team has been providing the technical advice required to enable the inclusion of geological maps from new countries in the 1G-E Portal using the standards developed and accepted for 1G-E. Cookbooks, on-line help and a helpdesk are provided during the work. A technical workshop was organized at which all the technical steps required to reach the target solution were presented and discussed. All newcomers must agree the existing common license that was created for downloading the 1G-E data. It should be emphasized that the results will be displayed as part of the 1G-E project and metadata/portal infrastructures. The process is still ongoing because the harmonization work for most of the countries involved has been a demanding process. Some countries are facing difficulties because of the lack of expert personnel or insufficient resources of data. Despite some problems, the 1G-E+ initiative and the work involved has contributed to effective networking and technical cooperation between the GSOs across the wider European region.

  11. PREFACE: XXIVth Conference of the Danubian Countries on the Hydrological Forecasting and Hydrological Bases of Water Management

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Brilly, Mitja; Bonacci, Ognjen; Nachtnebel, Peter Hans; Szolgay, Ján; Balint, Gabor

    2008-10-01

    This volume of IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science presents a selection of papers that were given at the 24th Conference of the Danube Countries. Within the framework of the International Hydrological Program IHP of UNESCO. Since 1961 the Danube countries have successfully co-operated in organizing conferences on Hydrological Forecasting and Hydrological Water Management Issues. The 24th Conference of the Danube Countries took place between 2-4 June 2008 in Bled, Slovenia and was organized by the National Committee of Slovenia for the International Hydrological Program of UNESCO, under the auspices of the President of Republic of Slovenia. It was organized jointly by the Slovenian National Commission for UNESCO and the Environmental Agency of the Republic of Slovenia, under the support of UNESCO, WMO, and IAHS. Support for the attendance of some participants was provided by UNESCO. Additional support for the symposium was provided by the Slovene Commission for UNESCO, Environmental Agency of Slovenia, Karst Research Institute, Hydropower plants on the lower Sava River and Chair of Hydraulics Engineering FGG University of Ljubljana. All participants expressed great interest and enthusiasm in presenting the latest research results and sharing practical experiences in the Hydrology of the Danube River basin. The Editorial Board, who were nominated at the Conference, initially selected 80 full papers for publication from 210 submitted extended abstracts and papers provided by authors from twenty countries. Altogether 51 revised papers were accepted for publishing in this volume. Papers are divided by conference topics: Hydrological forecasting Hydro-meteorological extremes, floods and droughts Global climate change and antropogenic impacts on hydrological processes Water management Floods, morphological processes, erosion, sediment transport and sedimentation Developments in hydrology Mitja Brilly, Ognjen Bonacci, Peter Hans Nachtnebel, Ján Szolgay and Gabor Balint Editorial Board International Scientific Committee: P Hubert: Centre d'Informatique Géologique, France H P Nachtnebel: Universität für Bodenkultur Wien, Austria H Weber: Bavarian Water Management Administration, Germany H Moser: Federal Institute of Hydrology, Germany M Domokos: VITUKI, Hungary P Stanciu: National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Romania O Bonacci: University of Split, Croatia S Prohaska: Institute Jaroslav ?erni, Belgrade, Serbia J Szolgay: Faculty of Civil Engineering, Bratislava, Slovak Republic K Tzankov: Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Sofia, Bulgaria E Soukalová: Czech Hydrometeorological Institute, Czech Republic B Mati?i?: National Committee on Irrigation and Drainage, Slovenia M Mikoš: University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia J Rakovec: University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia M Brilly: University of Ljubljana, Ljubljana, Slovenia M Veseli?: ARAO, Slovenia

  12. Miocene squat lobsters (Decapoda, Anomura, Galatheoidea) of the Central Paratethys – a review, with description of a new species of Munidopsis

    PubMed Central

    Hyžný, M.; Gašpari?, R.; Robins, C.M.; Schlögl, J.

    2015-01-01

    All squat lobsters of the families Galatheidae, Munididae and Munidopsidae from the Miocene of the Central Paratethys are reviewed taxonomically. Based on additional observations emended diagnoses are provided for Agononida cerovensis and Galathea weinfurteri, from the Lower and Middle Miocene, respectively. Munidopsis is represented by two species in the study area; additional data for M. lieskovensis from the Lower Miocene of Slovakia are presented and a new species, M. palmuelleri, from the Middle Miocene of Slovenia is erected. Implications for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions are briefly discussed for each taxon. PMID:26005283

  13. J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana, Slovenia Report DP-8895

    E-print Network

    Williamson, John

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 2.1.2 Inference . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.1.3 Prediction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 3 Prediction at a new random input for a GP model 6 3.1 Prediction at a random x

  14. Preliminary Report on Dialectological Fieldwork in Haloze, Slovenia

    E-print Network

    Lundberg, Grant H.

    1999-01-01

    , 'delatk (inf.) 'to work', 'da:jlaS (2nd pers. sg.) 'you work' (Bela~gek).~ Though the systems are similar, there are important difference as well. One example of this is found in the advancement of the PSI. circumflex. Eastern Haloze appears to have... carried this process of advancement through on a much more limit- ed scale than in central Haloze, where the process was quite regular. For example, in Gorenjski Vrh we find 'me:so 'meat', *:vo 'gut', g'1a:vu (acc. sg. fem.) 'head', but also kolko...

  15. Systematic radium survey in spring waters of Slovenia.

    PubMed

    Popit, Andreja; Vaupotic, Janja; Kukar, Natasa

    2004-01-01

    Radium (226Ra) concentration in 115 Slovenian springs ranged from 7.8 to 43.1 Bq m(-3), well below the current Slovenian limit of 1000 Bq m(-3) for drinking water. It showed two distributions, one grouped at around 24 Bq m(-3) and the other at around 37 Bq m(-3). Contrary to expectation, the level of radium does not always relate to the aquifer type. Only at aquifers and springs composed of acid, intermediate and basic igneous and metamorphic rocks, did radium concentration exceed 36 Bq m(-3) and was below this value at the majority of aquifers composed of carbonate and other sedimentary rocks. PMID:15261421

  16. Some evaluations of hail suppression system efficiency in Slovenia, Yugoslavia

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Rakovec, J.; Gregor?i?, B.; Kranjc, A.; Mekinda, T.; Kajfež-Bogataj, L.

    1990-09-01

    The efficiency of hail suppression is studied for the operative, non-randomized system established in 1971 on a territory of a 256.000 ha and enlarged in the eighties to almost 970.000 ha (Fig. 1). The system was built with the a priori assumption that it is successful and so no special effort was made to collect the data necessary for the testing of its efficiency. However, some data are still at disposal for this purpose: the daily and five minutes interval precipitation data, the radar cloud variables data used as seeding criteria, the data on days with thunderstorms and with hail, and (not abundant) set of data on the damages in agriculture as collected by an insurance company. A statistical evaluation of these data on the significance of the eventual differences between target and control area and/or before and during the project period do not confirm the hypothesis that the system is successful at some acceptable significance level (90 or 95%). The conclusion that the efficiency of the hail suppression system could not be proved holds for the system as a whole: for the theoretical part and the operational one, with all the accompanying advantages and malfunctions.

  17. In Slovenia, Sostanj Primary School Collaborates with Its Community

    ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

    Cercek, Emmanuel

    2008-01-01

    Sostanj Primary School offers a learning process which can enrich traditional forms of schooling. It demonstrates how a school, including its infrastructure, can influence family life and the environment, creating new social patterns and a local identity. Pupils and teachers are involved in different thematic projects and programmes, together with…

  18. Development of E-Government Services for Citizens in Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    2010-01-01

    In the process of Slovenian public administration reform from bureaucratic administration to modern administration following new public management and e-governance approaches, one can see logical development of all necessary legal and strategic acts but less so in the practice. The basic method used in our survey on e-communication of Slovenian public administration with citizens was sending e-mails with relevant questions

  19. Hotel Spik, Gozd Martuljek, Slovenia 6 to 10 June 2001

    E-print Network

    Cufar, Katarina

    Meer GROWTH AND MORTALITY IN AN OLD GROWTH HIGH ELEVATION BEECH STAND Harald Bugmann, Christof Bigler Schmidt, Valerie Trouet DATING OF ROCK FALL BY SCAR ANALYSES REACTIONS OF Fagus sylvatica AND Picea abies, accompanying tower, separately standing bell tower, house of the beadle, and St Peter church

  20. Reflections on higher education funding in Slovenia and the

    E-print Network

    Al Hanbali, Ahmad

    competition and linking budgets to performance gains importance. More market based principle aim to stimulate for the Slovene Ministry of Education and Sport Paper based on a presentation at the Slovene Ministry of Education arrangements Funding of higher education is a complex activity with many stakeholders, potential relationships

  1. The stablising role of fiscal policy: the case of Slovenia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Neven Borak; Helena Kamnar

    2004-01-01

    The Maastricht Treaty criteria are becoming the criteria for Slovenian economic policy making too, although they are not considered as standards for a country about to join the EU. Certainly, they represent a pressure on economic policy and require coordination of policies. Change in policy making reflects change in the behaviour of the main policy decision makers as well as

  2. The development of community treatment in Slovenia - first outcomes.

    PubMed

    Agius, Mark; Bulic Vidnjevic, Ivna; Jeric, Andreja; Furlan, Mirjana; Zajdela, Brigita; Svab, Vesna

    2009-09-01

    This paper describes how a team who would work in the community with patients from the rehabilitation unit of Ljubljana psychiatric hospital was developed and what the results of treatment of a group of these patients were in terms of admission and relapse rate. The admission and relapse rate of these patients was markedly reduced by working assertively with them in the community. PMID:19953744

  3. ISSN 1745-9648 Electricity Reform in Serbia

    E-print Network

    Feigon, Brooke

    decided whether the Serbian Electric Power Industry will be privatised, and if it is privatised which to telecommunication and agriculture, is the biggest sector for development. In this sector the most important and the greatest participants are the Serbian Electric Power Industry and the Serbian Oil Industry. In the European

  4. Inadequacy the Health System in Serbia and Corrupt Institutions

    PubMed Central

    Dickov, Veselin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes in the health system require a new trained professionals who fully understand the processes of health and organizational problems and have the knowledge and skills that enable them to manage health care services. Health services to their largely rests on a system of solidarity and “socialism”, and only partly on market principle, and more than in other sectors of the economy requires individuals who are able to bridge that gap. Realize savings in the system that one side is not profitable, on the other hand is able to swallow a huge media arts is that simply needs to learn–just relying on common sense and intuition that no longer helps. The increase in costs. Advances in medicine and technology, and discovery of new drugs, namely, the almost daily increase the costs of diagnosis and treatment. Advances in medicine prolongs life expectancy by increasing the number of patients, especially those with chronic diseases, the biggest consumer of drugs and frequent guests hospital. PMID:23678330

  5. Kounis syndrome, two case reports from Kragujevac, Serbia

    PubMed Central

    Davidovic, Goran; Iric-Cupic, Violeta; Zdravkovic, Vladimir; Milanov, Srdjan; Dimitrijevic, Aleksandra

    2014-01-01

    It is well-established that acute coronary syndromes occurs when thrombus formation from atheromatous plaques erode or rupture in the advanced stage of atherosclerotic process with severe reduction of coronary blood flow. Also, some conditions may trigger acute coronary syndrome even in the absence of prior cardiovascular disease, and with normal coronary vessels. One of the most important is Kounis syndrome, also known as “allergic angina” or “allergic myocardial infarction” in which the release of mediators during allergic insults has been incriminated to induce coronary artery spasm and/or atheromatous plaque erosion or rupture. The accurate incidence of Kounis syndrome is not known, but since it was described, many clinical cases have been reported, showing the occurence due to various allergens. Here we present two cases of most probable Kounis syndrome, first in patients after multiple stings by non-venomous insect called “black-fly”. PMID:24551482

  6. SERBIA: A NEW PROCESS FOR WASTE RUBBER AND PLASTIC RECYCLING

    Microsoft Academic Search

    RADE VORKAPIC; OZREN OCIC; LARISA KURCUBIC; BILJANA JOVANOVIC

    2010-01-01

    This paper intends to describe a new technological process for waste rubber and plastic recycling up to the commercial components in safe environmental friendly way. Researches and all relevant technical-technological data related to this process are checked at constructed pilot plant. The future construction of these units for waste rubber and plastic recycling will allow interested parties to achieve the

  7. Sustainable sub-geothermal heat pump heating in Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Dragi Antonijevic; Mirko Komatina

    2011-01-01

    Considering the necessity of improvement of Serbian energy production structure through higher participation of clean and renewable energy sources, the possibility of utilization of low enthalpy geothermal waters have been investigated. Energy potential of ground waters of modest temperature levels is usully neglected since it can not be used for direct heating purposes. Nevertheless, if the appropriate heat pump system

  8. Inadequacy the health system in serbia and corrupt institutions.

    PubMed

    Dickov, Veselin

    2012-01-01

    Rapid changes in the health system require a new trained professionals who fully understand the processes of health and organizational problems and have the knowledge and skills that enable them to manage health care services. Health services to their largely rests on a system of solidarity and "socialism", and only partly on market principle, and more than in other sectors of the economy requires individuals who are able to bridge that gap. Realize savings in the system that one side is not profitable, on the other hand is able to swallow a huge media arts is that simply needs to learn-just relying on common sense and intuition that no longer helps. The increase in costs. Advances in medicine and technology, and discovery of new drugs, namely, the almost daily increase the costs of diagnosis and treatment. Advances in medicine prolongs life expectancy by increasing the number of patients, especially those with chronic diseases, the biggest consumer of drugs and frequent guests hospital. PMID:23678330

  9. The occurrence of Cyperus strigosus (Cyperaceae) in Serbia and Montenegro

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Kit Tan; Pertti Uotila

    Cyperus strigosus, was collected during an excursion to the wetlands of Southeastern Banat province during the XI OPTIMA meeting held in Belgrade between 5th and 11th September 2004. It is a species native to America which has now spread to Europe. It was previously documented only from Italy and more recently in 2003, from the Danube valley in northern Bulgaria.

  10. Creating Youth Friendly Health Services in Serbia and Bosnia

    E-print Network

    Sun, Yu

    principles #12;Marginalized groups - no adequate care of the community street children, ROMA population, depression, alienation, indifference of youth, drugs, cigarettes, alcohol, gambling #12;There are few health if promo materials were in our language. My peers and I want to practice sport, but sport grounds are rare

  11. Antioxidant activity of propolis extracts from Serbia: a polarographic approach.

    PubMed

    Potkonjak, Nebojša I; Veselinovi?, Dragan S; Novakovi?, Miroslav M; Gorjanovi?, Stanislava Ž; Pezo, Lato L; Sužnjevi?, Desanka Ž

    2012-10-01

    Antioxidant activity (AO) of commercial propolis extracts (PEs), available on Serbian market, was determined by direct current (DC) polarography. Polarographic anodic current of 5.0 mmol L(-1) alkaline solution of H2O2 was recorded at potentials of mercury dissolution. Decrease of the current was plotted against the volume of gradually added PEs. The volume of PE causing 20% current decrease was determined from the linear part of the plot. Antioxidant activity was expressed in H2O2 equivalent (HPEq), representing the volume of PE that corresponds to 1.0 mmol L(-1) H2O2 decrease. Resulting HPEq ranged between 1.71ą0.11 and 8.00ą0.18 ?L. Range of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity was from 0.093ą0.004% to 0.346ą0.006%. Total phenolic content (TCP) of PE with superior AO activity was 5.31ą0.05% g GAE, while the extract with the lowest activity contained 1.45ą0.02% g GAE. Antioxidant activity, determined by polarographic method, was correlated with DPPH scavenging activity (R2=0.991) and TCP (R2=0.985). Validity of obtained results was further confirmed using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey HSD test. PMID:22842121

  12. Petrology of plagiogranite from Sjenica, Dinaridic Ophiolite Belt (southwestern Serbia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Milovanovi?, Dragan; Sre?kovi?-Bato?anin, Danica; Savi?, Marija; Popovic, Dana

    2012-04-01

    The Sjenica plagiogranite occurs in the southern part of the Dinaridic Ophiolite Belt, 5 km northwest of Sjenica. The main minerals are albite with strongly altered biotite (replaced with chlorite), with occasional amphibole (magnesio hornblende to tschermakite) and quartz. An enclave of fine-grained granitic rocks with garnet grains was noted too. Secondary minerals are calcite and chlorite (daphnite). Major, trace and REE geochemistry coupled with field observations support a model by which the Sjenica plagiogranite could be formed by fractional crystallization of mantle origin mafic magma in a supra-subduction zone setting. Occurrences of calcite and chlorite nests in the Sjenica plagiogranites revealed that these rocks underwent hydrothermal alteration due to intensive sea water circulation in a sub-sea-floor environment.

  13. The memory of Srebrenica: a view from Serbia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    FridmanOrli

    2010-01-01

    Srebrenica, previously a small unknown town in eastern Bosnia-Herzegovina, has become a symbol for the return of genocide to Europe and for the failure of international politics. The premeditated murder of thousands of men and boys before the eyes of the ‘protective troops’ of the United Nations in July 1995, raised challenges and moral dilemmas for the international community as

  14. Preface: Veit 2014

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    van de Sanden, M. C. M.; Dimitrova, Miglena; Ghelev, Chavdar

    2014-05-01

    The International Summer School on Vacuum, Electron and Ion Technologies (VEIT) has been organized biennially since 1977, when the series of VEIT School was launched by the Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences with the aim to act as a forum for exchange and dissemination of knowledge and ideas on the latest developments in electron-, ion-, and plasma-assisted technologies. The organizers of the 2013 edition of the event were the Institute of Electronics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria and the the Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands. While the school has initially been providing a meeting place for researchers mainly from Eastern and Central European countries, its importance has grown issue by issue. The school is now a major scientific event and a meeting place for young scientists from Eastern and Western Europe involved in research and development associated with high-tech industries. Many former school participants have gone on to become leading scientists in research establishments and companies throughout the world. Leading international companies, such as High Voltage Engineering, Balzers, Varian, and Hauzer have used the VEIT forum to present their products through oral presentations, poster contributions or exhibits. The School Proceedings have been published in special issues of the international journals Vacuum, Plasma Processes and Polymers, and Journal of Physics: Conference Series. The eighteenth edition of VEIT was held in the Black Sea resort Sozopol, Bulgaria, on 7-11 October 2013. It was attended by 91 participants from 15 countries: Bulgaria, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Greece, The Netherlands, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Sweden, Ukraine and the UK. Following the tradition of publishing the VEIT Proceedings, a selection of papers presented at the event is published in this special issue of Journal of Physics: Conference Series, under the originality and quality criteria of acceptance by the journal, including peer reviewing. The school comprised of fifteen plenary and three poster sessions. At the plenary sessions, 21 invited talks of general interest were presented by highly renowned international experts in the field, as well as 10 progress reports by young scientists. In total, 66 contributed papers were presented during the poster sessions. There were several scientific highlights covering fundamentals of interaction of fast particles with solids and challenging practical applications ranging from novel techniques for creating hard coatings, optical/protective layers, biocompatible materials to nanosized structures produced by evaporation, sputtering or external irradiation. Latest results were presented on ion-beam synthesis and modification in both low-energy (deposition and film growth) and high-energy (sputtering, implantation) regimes, and processing of solid materials aiming at patterning the surface or at creating nanophase systems for electronic or tribological/wear resistant applications. Despite the busy scientific program, the atmosphere was relaxed and informal. The early afternoons of most conference days were free to stimulate both scientific and social interaction between participants, which often took place on the beach. The social program included a welcome party, an official dinner, and an outing to historical landmarks in old Sozopol. VEIT 2013 owes its success to many people. The International Advisory Committee shaped the scientific program and ensured high-quality plenary presentations by careful selection of invited speakers. The Local Committee bore the brunt of the organization both at the conference site and in dealing with correspondence, abstracts, and manuscripts for these proceedings. We are grateful to our sponsors, the Dutch Institute for Fundamental Energy Research, Nieuwegein, The Netherlands, the companies AllData and Astel, and the Ministry of Education and Science of Republic of Bulgaria for their generosity, which enabled us to support the attendance of s

  15. COST Action TU1208 "Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar:" ongoing research activities and mid-term results

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Pajewski, Lara; Benedetto, Andrea; Loizos, Andreas; Slob, Evert; Tosti, Fabio

    2015-04-01

    This work aims at presenting the ongoing activities and mid-term results of the COST (European COoperation in Science and Technology) Action TU1208 'Civil Engineering Applications of Ground Penetrating Radar.' Almost three hundreds experts are participating to the Action, from 28 COST Countries (Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Malta, Macedonia, The Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, United Kingdom), and from Albania, Armenia, Australia, Egypt, Hong Kong, Jordan, Israel, Philippines, Russia, Rwanda, Ukraine, and United States of America. In September 2014, TU1208 has been praised among the running Actions as 'COST Success Story' ('The Cities of Tomorrow: The Challenges of Horizon 2020,' September 17-19, 2014, Torino, IT - A COST strategic workshop on the development and needs of the European cities). The principal goal of the COST Action TU1208 is to exchange and increase scientific-technical knowledge and experience of GPR techniques in civil engineering, whilst simultaneously promoting throughout Europe the effective use of this safe and non-destructive technique in the monitoring of infrastructures and structures. Moreover, the Action is oriented to the following specific objectives and expected deliverables: (i) coordinating European scientists to highlight problems, merits and limits of current GPR systems; (ii) developing innovative protocols and guidelines, which will be published in a handbook and constitute a basis for European standards, for an effective GPR application in civil- engineering tasks; safety, economic and financial criteria will be integrated within the protocols; (iii) integrating competences for the improvement and merging of electromagnetic scattering techniques and of data- processing techniques; this will lead to a novel freeware tool for the localization of buried objects, shape-reconstruction and estimation of geophysical parameters useful for civil engineering needs; (iv) networking for the design, realization and optimization of innovative GPR equipment; (v) comparing GPR with different NDT techniques, such as ultrasonic, radiographic, liquid-penetrant, magnetic-particle, acoustic-emission and eddy-current testing; (vi) comparing GPR technology and methodology used in civil engineering with those used in other fields; (vii) promotion of a more widespread, advanced and efficient use of GPR in civil engineering; and (viii) organization of a high-level modular training program for GPR European users. Four Working Groups (WGs) carry out the research activities. WG 1 focuses on the design of innovative GPR equipment, on the building of prototypes and on the testing and optimisation of new systems. WG 2 focuses on the GPR surveying of pavement, bridges, tunnels and buildings, as well as on the sensing of underground utilities and voids. WG 3 deals with the development of electromagnetic forward and inverse scattering methods, for the characterization of GPR scenarios, as well as with data- processing algorithms for the elaboration of the data collected during GPR surveys. WG 4 works on the use of GPR in fields different from the civil engineering, as well as on the integration of GPR with other non-destructive testing techniques. Each WG includes several Projects. COST Action TU1208 is active through a range of networking tools: meetings, workshops, conferences, training schools, short-term scientific missions, dissemination activities. The Action is still open to the participation of new parties and it is possible to include, in the scientific work plan, new perspectives and activities. Scientists and scientific institutions willing to join are encouraged to contact the Chair of the Action and to follow the procedure described at http://www.cost.eu/participate/join_action. For more information on COST Action TU1208, please visit www.GPRadar.eu. Acknowledgement The Authors thank COST, for funding the Action TU1208 "Civil Engineer

  16. Public Health Aspects of the Family Medicine Concepts in South Eastern Europe

    PubMed Central

    Masic, Izet; Hadziahmetovic, Miran; Donev, Doncho; Pollhozani, Azis; Ramadani, Naser; Skopljak, Amira; Pasagic, Almir; Roshi, Enver; Zunic, Lejla; Zildzic, Muharem

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: Family medicine as a part of the primary health care is devoted to provide continuous and comprehensive health care to the individuals and families regardless of age, gender, types of diseases and affected system or part of the body. Special emphasis in such holistic approach is given to the prevention of diseases and health promotion. Family Medicine is the first step/link between doctors and patients within patients care as well as regular inspections/examinations and follow-up of the health status of healthy people. Most countries aspire to join the European Union and therefore adopting new regulations that are applied in the European Union. Aim: The aim of this study is to present the role and importance of family medicine, or where family medicine is today in 21 Century from the beginning of development in these countries. The study is designed as a descriptive epidemiological study with data from 10 countries of the former Communist bloc, Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro, Macedonia, Kosovo, Albania, Bulgaria, Romania, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary, just about half of them are members of the EU. We examined the following variables: socio-organizational indicators, health and educational indicators and health indicators. The data used refer to 2002 and as a source of data are used official data from reference WebPages of family medicine doctors associations, WONCA website (EURACT, EQuiP, EGPRN), WebPages of Bureau of Statistics of the countries where the research was conducted as well as the Ministries of Health. Results: Results indicates that the failures and shortcomings of health care organizations in Southeast Europe. Lack of money hinders the implementation of health care reform in all mentioned countries, the most of them that is more oriented to Bismarck financing system. Problems in the political, legal and economic levels are obstacles for efficient a problem reconstructing health care system toward family medicine and primary prevention interventions. The population is not enough educated for complicated enforcement for and prevention of diseases that have a heavy burden on the budget. Health insurance and payment of health services is often a problem, because the patients must be treated regardless of their insurance coverage and financial situation. The decrease in production and economic growth, as well as low gross national income in the countries with economic crisis, lead to the inability of treatment for a large number of the population. Such situation a system leads to additional debts and loans to healthcare system. Measures implemented for provision of acute curative care largely did not lead to improvements in the health status of the population. Educational and preventive measures, as well as higher standards for quality and accessibility of health care services for entire population in each country, especially those struggling are bound to joining the European Union and their implementation must start. The most A large number of medical institutions are is inefficient in health education and health promotion and must work to educate patients and families and increase the quality of preventive health services. Modernization of health care delivery and joining the European Union by increasing overall economic stability of countries is one of the primary goals of all countries in Southeast Europe. PMID:25395894

  17. Long-term tritium monitoring to study river basin dynamics: case of the Danube River basin

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Aggarwal, Pradeep; Araguas, Luis; Groening, Manfred; Newman, Brent; Kurttas, Turker; Papesch, Wolfgang; Rank, Dieter; Suckow, Axel; Vitvar, Tomas

    2010-05-01

    During the last five decades, isotope concentrations (O-18, D, tritium) have been extensively measured in precipitation, surface- and ground-waters to derive information on residence times of water in aquifers and rivers, recharge processes, and groundwater dynamics. The unique properties of the isotopes of the water molecule as tracers are especially useful for understanding the retention of water in river basins, which is a key parameter for assessing water resources availability, addressing quality issues, investigating interconnections between surface- and ground-waters, and for predicting possible hydrological shifts related to human activities and climate change. Detailed information of the spatial and temporal changes of isotope contents in precipitation at a global scale was one of the initial aims of the Global Network of Isotopes in Precipitation (GNIP), which has provided a detailed chronicle of tritium and stable isotope contents in precipitation since the 1960s. Accurate information of tritium contents resulting of the thermonuclear atmospheric tests in the 1950s and 1960s is available in GNIP for stations distributed world-wide. Use of this dataset for hydrological dating or as an indicator of recent recharge has been extensive in shallow groundwaters. However, its use has been more limited in surface waters, due to the absence of specific monitoring programmes of tritium and stable isotopes in rivers, lakes and other surface water bodies. The IAEA has recently been compiling new and archival isotope data measured in groundwaters, rivers, lakes and other water bodies as part of its web based Water Isotope System for Data Analysis, Visualization and Electronic Retrieval (WISER). Recent additions to the Global Network of Isotopes in Rivers (GNIR) contained within WISER now make detailed studies in rivers possible. For this study, we are re-examining residence time estimates for the Danube in central Europe. Tritium data are available in GNIR from 15 Danube monitoring sites in Germany, Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Serbia. Most of these sites have continuous stable isotope and tritium records of over 10 years. The longest and most complete record of isotopes in precipitation and the Danube is from Vienna, which contains continuous tritium and stable isotope records since the 1960s. Previous estimates of residence time using tritium in the upper Danube are about 3-5 years (Rank et al., 1998, Yurtsever, 1999). However, these estimates were based on a tritium record up to 1995 and some of the parts of the observed time series were not represented well by the models. We are now re-evaluating the upper Danube residence time using a complete record covering the entire tritium transient created by atmospheric nuclear weapons testing (1964-2005). Several combinations of lumped parameter models are being tested using MULTIS and LUMPY. The models assume two main water components in parallel; a "fast" component that represents water with a short residence time (less than one year), resulting from recent precipitation and fast runoff, and a "slow" or "old" component representing discharge of older groundwaters to the river. Preliminary results obtained during this exercise, as well as those determined using other environmental tracers, are providing new insights into the age distribution of water in the upper Danube. Initial calculations with the complete tritium record for Vienna suggest that the mean residence time is substantially older than previous estimates. This study also demonstrates the value of the GNIP/GNIR/WISER dataset for examining dynamics of surface water systems.

  18. [Diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis using PCR in gynecology patients in Slovakia].

    PubMed

    Simko, J; Hollý, I; Hudecová, M; Zaviacic, T; Holomán, K

    2002-11-01

    The authors examined using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) more than 2700 gynaecological patients for the presence of Ch. tracheomatis. The patients were mostly from Bratislava and surroundings. The material used were cervical smears or morning urine. The most frequent diagnoses associated with Chlamydia infection were adnexitis (38%), cervicitis (22%), pelvic pain (9%), sterility (9%), cystitis and ureteritis (3%) abortus imminenes (4%) partus prematurus imminenes (9%). There was a marked seasonal character of chlamydias with the peak during the summer period. The mean age of the patients was 29.2 years and thus the assumed higher incidence of younger age groups was not confirmed. PCR proved to be an accurate, reliable and perspective method for the detection of Ch. trachomatis in Slovak gynaecological patients. PMID:12661379

  19. Formation of the Vysoká–Zlatno Cu–Au skarn–porphyry deposit, Slovakia

    Microsoft Academic Search

    Peter Kodera; Jaroslav Lexa; Anthony E. Fallick

    2010-01-01

    The central zone of the Miocene Štiavnica stratovolcano hosts several occurrences of Cu–Au skarn–porphyry mineralisation,\\u000a related to granodiorite\\/quartz–diorite porphyry dyke clusters and stocks. Vysoká–Zlatno is the largest deposit (13.4 Mt at\\u000a 0.52% Cu), with mineralised Mg–Ca exo- and endoskarns, developed at the prevolcanic basement level. The alteration pattern\\u000a includes an internal K- and Na–Ca silicate zone, surrounded by phyllic and argillic

  20. Variability of bed sediments in channel network of Rye Island (Slovakia)

    NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

    Velísková, Y.; Dulovi?ová, R.

    2008-11-01

    Aim of the paper was to evaluate the changes of bed silt state of the Rye Island channel network in the period from 1993 to 2004. The Rye Island is part of the Danube Lowland, it is area between the two branches of the Danube river - the Danube and the Small Danube. During previous centuries (up to the 19th century), the Danube river branched into multiple streams and frequently changed course within its own alluvial sediments. At present, the process of river migration has stopped or is being controlled. Measurements of bed silt thickness in Rye Island channel network were done in 1993 at the channels: Aszód, Gab?íkovo-Topoi'níky, Aszód-?ergov, ?ergov-Komárno, ?alovo-Holiare and Holiare-Kosihy. Then in 2004 were done measurements at selected profiles of Aszód, Gab?ikovo-Topoi'níky and Komár?anský channel for checking of the silting up variability. According to results of measurements at the three selected channels we can say that the channel silting up has not been changed considerably in monitored period. The observed facts could be useful for channels maintenance, as a base for expectation of silting up process in the channels. Also the knowledge about silt thickness in the channels is important from the view of interaction between channel network and groundwater, especially when this information would be supplemented by characteristics of silt permeability. So the other aim of field measurements was determination of hydraulic conductivity. Their values were calculated by empirical formulas. These characteristics will be used for simulation of interaction between channel network and groundwater at the Rye Island area in the oncoming period.