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1

Adolescents’ Exposure to Sexually Explicit Material on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on a survey of 745 Dutch adolescents ages 13 to 18, the authors investigated (a) the occurrence and frequency of adolescents’ exposure to sexually explicit material on the Internet and (b) the correlates of this exposure. Seventy-one percent of the male adolescents and 40% of the female adolescents had been exposed to some kind of online sexually explicit material

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2006-01-01

2

Adolescents' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Internet Material and Sexual Preoccupancy: A Three-Wave Panel Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this study was to investigate whether adolescents' use of sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) increased their sexual preoccupancy (i.e., a strong cognitive engagement in sexual issues). Further, we wanted to know (a) whether subjective sexual arousal mediated a potential influence of exposure to SEIM on sexual preoccupancy and (b) whether this process differed between male and

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2008-01-01

3

Associations between Young Adults' Use of Sexually Explicit Materials and Their Sexual Preferences, Behaviors, and Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how levels of sexually explicit material (SEM) use during adolescence and young adulthood were associated with sexual preferences, sexual behaviors, and sexual and relationship satisfaction. Participants included 782 heterosexual college students (326 men and 456 women; Mage = 19.9) who completed a questionnaire online. Results revealed high frequencies and multiple types and contexts of SEM use, with men's usage

Elizabeth M. Morgan

2011-01-01

4

Adolescents' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Internet Material, Sexual Uncertainty, and Attitudes Toward Uncommitted Sexual ExplorationIs There a Link?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The link between adolescents' exposure to sexual media content and their sexual socialization has hardly been approached from an identity development framework. Moreover, existing research has largely ignored the role of adolescents' exposure to sexually explicit Internet material in that association. This study introduces two characteristics of adolescents' sexual self—sexual uncertainty and attitudes toward sexual exploration—and investigates these characteristics as

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2008-01-01

5

Adolescents' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Internet Material and Sexual Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this study was to investigate, within a social comparison framework, the causal relationship between adolescents' use of sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) and their sexual satisfaction. In addition, we tested which adolescents were most susceptible to a potential influence of SEIM on sexual satisfaction. Between May 2006 and…

Peter, Jochen; Valkenburg, Patti M.

2009-01-01

6

The Influence of Sexually Explicit Internet Material on Sexual Risk Behavior: A Comparison of Adolescents and Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study had three goals: first, to investigate whether sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) affects sexual risk behavior; second, to study whether these effects differ between adolescents and adults; and third, to analyze, separately for adolescents and adults, whether gender and age moderate an influence of SEIM on sexual risk behavior. The authors conducted a 2-wave panel survey among nationally

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2011-01-01

7

Is there a national standard with respect to attitudes toward sexually explicit media material?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Surveys in 10 states conducted with probability samples of adults (N =4621) between 1976 and 1985 found that a statistically significant majority of the respondents in each state indicated acceptance of sexually explicit content in mass media. In each state, respondents felt that (i) standards have changed so that such material has become more acceptable; (ii) adults have the right

Charles Winick; John T. Evans

1994-01-01

8

Exploring the Relationship Between Erotic Disruption During the Latency Period and the Use of Sexually Explicit Material, Online Sexual Behaviors, and Sexual Dysfunctions in Young Adulthood  

Microsoft Academic Search

The researchers explored the theoretical prism of Sigmund Freud's latency period (6-to-12 years of age), to ascertain whether an absence of erotic arousal during latency is fundamentally essential for children to attain healthy psychosexual development. Exploratory factor analysis discovered two factors that measured erotic disruption during the latency period (i.e., exposure to sexually explicit material [SEM] and child sexual abuse).

Sallie A. Hunt; Shane W. Kraus

2009-01-01

9

Viewing Sexually-Explicit Materials Alone or Together: Associations with Relationship Quality  

PubMed Central

This study investigated associations between viewing sexually-explicit material (SEM) and relationship functioning in a random sample of 1291 unmarried individuals in romantic relationships. More men (76.8%) than women (31.6%) reported that they viewed SEM on their own, but nearly half of both men and women reported sometimes viewing SEM with their partner (44.8%). Measures of communication, relationship adjustment, commitment, sexual satisfaction, and infidelity were examined. Individuals who never viewed SEM reported higher relationship quality on all indices than those who viewed SEM alone. Those who viewed SEM only with their partners reported more dedication and higher sexual satisfaction than those who viewed SEM alone. The only difference between those who never viewed SEM and those who viewed it only with their partners was that those who never viewed it had lower rates of infidelity. Implications for future research in this area as well as for sex therapy and couple therapy are discussed.

Maddox, Amanda M.; Rhoades, Galena K.; Markman, Howard J.

2010-01-01

10

The Use of Sexually Explicit Internet Material and Its Antecedents: A Longitudinal Comparison of Adolescents and Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

An implicit assumption in research on adolescents’ use of sexually explicit internet material (SEIM) is that they may feel\\u000a more attracted to such material than adults, given the “forbidden” character of SEIM for minors. However, systematic comparisons\\u000a between adolescents’ and adults’ SEIM use and of its antecedents are missing. We conducted a two-wave panel survey among a\\u000a nationally representative sample

Jochen PeterPatti; Patti M. Valkenburg

11

Does Viewing Explain Doing? Assessing the Association Between Sexually Explicit Materials Use and Sexual Behaviors in a Large Sample of Dutch Adolescents and Young Adults.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION: Concerns have been voiced that the use of sexually explicit materials (SEMs) may adversely affect sexual behaviors, particularly in young people. Previous studies have generally found significant associations between SEM consumption and the sexual behaviors investigated. However, most of these studies have focused on sexual behaviors related to sexually transmitted infections or sexual aggression and/or failed to adequately control for relevant covariates. Thus, research more thoroughly investigating the association between SEM consumption and a broader range of sexual behaviors is needed. AIMS: The study aims to investigate SEM consumption patterns of young people, and to assess the strength of the association between SEM consumption and a range of sexual behaviors, controlling for a comprehensive array of variables previously shown to affect these relationships. METHODS: Online cross-sectional survey study of 4,600 young people, 15-25 years of age, in The Netherlands was performed. MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: The main outcome measures were self-reported SEM consumption and sexual practices. RESULTS: The study found that 88% of men and 45% of women had consumed SEM in the past 12 months. Using hierarchical multiple regression analyses to control for other factors, the association between SEM consumption and a variety of sexual behaviors was found to be significant, accounting for between 0.3% and 4% of the total explained variance in investigated sexual behaviors. CONCLUSIONS: This study suggests that, when controlling for important other factors, SEM consumption influences sexual behaviors. The small to moderate associations that emerged between SEM consumption and sexual behavior after controlling for other variables suggest that SEM is just one factor among many that may influence youth sexual behaviors. These findings contribute novel information to the ongoing debates on the role of SEM consumption in sexual behaviors and risk, and provide appropriate guidance to policy makers and program developers concerned with sexual education and sexual health promotion for young people. Hald GM, Kuyper L, Adam PCG, and de Wit JBF. Does viewing explain doing? Assessing the association between sexually explicit materials use and sexual behaviors in a large sample of Dutch adolescents and young adults. J Sex Med **;**:**-**. PMID:23621804

Hald, Gert Martin; Kuyper, Lisette; Adam, Philippe C G; de Wit, John B F

2013-04-26

12

Attitudes of U.S. and Czech\\/Slovak mental health and health professionals toward five types of sexually explicit materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Mental health and health professionals' attitudes toward sexually explicit materials in the U.S. and Czech\\/Slovak Republics\\u000a were investigated. An instrument measuring attitudes toward educational, soft-core, hard-core, violence, and bizarre\\/paraphiliac\\u000a sexually explicit materials was administered to sexologists, psychologist\\/counselors, and medical professionals. These professionals\\u000a were attending conferences in the U.S. and the Czech\\/Slovak Republics between November 1992 and September 1993. Mental health

Beatrice “Bean” E. Robinson; Karen Scheltema; Jan Koznar; Robin Manthei

1996-01-01

13

The Use of Sexually Explicit Material in Clinical, Educational and Research Settings in the United Kingdom and Its Relation to the Development of Psychosexual Therapy and Sex Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present review describes the development and use of sexually explicit material in sex education within UK psychosexual therapy clinics, medical schools and also in state-maintained secondary schools with reference to interests that have shaped the provision of sex education since the early twentieth century. A short summary of published books…

Brewster, Marnie; Wylie, Kevan R.

2008-01-01

14

The Use of Sexually Explicit Material in Clinical, Educational and Research Settings in the United Kingdom and Its Relation to the Development of Psychosexual Therapy and Sex Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present review describes the development and use of sexually explicit material in sex education within UK psychosexual therapy clinics, medical schools and also in state-maintained secondary schools with reference to interests that have shaped the provision of sex education since the early twentieth century. A short summary of published books…

Brewster, Marnie; Wylie, Kevan R.

2008-01-01

15

Cybersex: regulating sexually explicit expression on the Internet.  

PubMed

While the First Amendment restricts the power of the government to control access by adults to sexually explicit expression that is not obscene, the government may restrict access by children, provided that those restrictions do not limit adults to reading only "what is fit for children." Controlling access by children presents special problems in the context of broadcasting, because broadcast programming is accessible to children too young to read and because of the impossibility of segregating adults and children in the audience. The Supreme Court therefore permits the government to require "channeling" of sexually explicit programming to times when fewer unsupervised children are in the audience, to facilitate parental control over children's access to sexually explicit material. Although Internet content includes less than one percent of sexually explicit expression, that material has been the subject of intensive media and government attention. Much of that attention ignores (1) the high level of constitutional protection applicable to non-obscene, sexually explicit expression; (2) features of the Internet which facilitate controlling access by children to sexually explicit expression far more effectively than in broadcasting or print media; and (3) the First Amendment values served by permitting expression of all forms on the Internet. PMID:10160233

Cate, F H

1996-01-01

16

The Dormant Commerce Clause and State Regulation of the Internet: Are Laws Protecting Minors From Sexual Predators Constitutionally Different Than Those Protecting Minors From Sexually Explicit Materials?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several states have enacted statutes to protect minors from harmful or obscene materials disseminated over the Internet, as well as from pedophiles seeking to use the Internet to lure them into sexual conduct. State and federal courts have diverged in their analysis of the Dormant Commerce Clause's impact on state regulation in these areas. While state courts have held that

Chin Pann

2005-01-01

17

The use of sexually explicit stimuli by rapists, child molesters, and nonoffenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Retrospective recall provided the basis for estimating the use of sexually explicit materials by sex offenders (voluntary outpatients) and nonoffenders during pubescence, as well as currently. Offenders were also asked about their use of such materials as incitors to offend. The sexual materials of concern were restricted to magazines, films, or videotapes depicting very explicit consenting sex between adults, a

W. L. Marshall

1988-01-01

18

Fantasies and Exposure to Sexually Explicit Magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed whether a relationship exists between the degree of men's exposure to Playboy and Penthouse magazines and the frequency of their sexual and hostile-aggressive fantasies. No significant relationships were found between frequency of readership of Playboy and either sexual or aggressive fantasies. This finding supported the contention by Playboy's publisher that consumers are not attracted to the magazine primarily

NEIL M. MALAMUTH; ROBERT D. McILWRAITH

1988-01-01

19

Ethical Considerations in the Use of Sexually Explicit Visuals as an Instructional Methodology in College Sexuality Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines ethical considerations in the use of sexually explicit materials (SEM) as an educational methodology in undergraduate human sexuality courses. While current research is lacking on the effects of this methodology on students, previous studies indicate that SEM use benefits student knowledge gain, attitude awareness, and…

Rhoades, Chuck

2008-01-01

20

Gender and reactions to a hypothetical relationship partner's masturbation and use of sexually explicit media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heterosexual college students completed a questionnaire measuring affective reactions and cognitive attributions pertaining to behavior by a hypothetical relationship partner. Compared to men, women indicated more negative feelings about a partner's solitary sexual behavior. For men and women, a partner's use of sexually explicit material was rated more negatively than a partner's masturbation. Regarding the attributions, there was a difference

Christina A. Clark; Michael W. Wiederman

2000-01-01

21

The Effects of Censored and Uncensored Sexually Explicit Music on Sexual Attitudes and Perceptions of Sexual Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of censored versus uncensored sexually explicit music on undergraduate students’ attitudes toward premarital sex, perception of peer sexual activity, and attitudes toward women were examined. Under the guise of a lyrical memory task, the experiment involved groups of participants who were randomly assigned to listen to an uncensored sexually explicit song, a censored version of the same song,

Eric L. Sprankle; Christian M. End

2009-01-01

22

Cheesecake and Beefcake: No Matter How You Slice It, Sexual Explicitness in Advertising Continues to Increase.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Contributes to scholarship on sexual content and gender portrayals in advertising by assessing images of women and men in magazine ads in 1983 and 1993. Finds both genders were portrayed more explicitly and through more sexually intimate contact in 1993; images of men were more explicit in the 1990s; and portrayals were most explicit in women's…

Reichert, Tom; Lambiase, Jacqueline; Morgan, Susan; Carstarphen, Meta; Zavoina, Susan

1999-01-01

23

Cheesecake and Beefcake: No Matter How You Slice It, Sexual Explicitness in Advertising Continues to Increase.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contributes to scholarship on sexual content and gender portrayals in advertising by assessing images of women and men in magazine ads in 1983 and 1993. Finds both genders were portrayed more explicitly and through more sexually intimate contact in 1993; images of men were more explicit in the 1990s; and portrayals were most explicit in women's…

Reichert, Tom; Lambiase, Jacqueline; Morgan, Susan; Carstarphen, Meta; Zavoina, Susan

1999-01-01

24

Sexually Explicit Cell Phone Messaging Associated With Sexual Risk Among Adolescents  

PubMed Central

OBJECTIVES: Sexting (sending/receiving sexually explicit texts and images via cell phone) may be associated with sexual health consequences among adolescents. However, to date, no published data from a probability-based sample has examined associations between sexting and sexual activity. METHODS: A probability sample of 1839 students was collected alongside the 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Survey in Los Angeles high schools. Logistic regressions were used to assess the correlates of sexting behavior and associations between sexting and sexual risk-taking. RESULTS: Fifteen percent of adolescents with cell phone access reported sexting, and 54% reported knowing someone who had sent a sext. Adolescents whose peers sexted were more likely to sext themselves (odds ratio [OR] = 16.87, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 9.62–29.59). Adolescents who themselves sexted were more likely to report being sexually active (OR = 7.17, 95% CI: 5.01–10.25). Nonheterosexual students were more likely to report sexting (OR = 2.74, 95% CI: 1.86–4.04), sexual activity (OR = 1.52, 95% CI: 1.07–2.15), and unprotected sex at last sexual encounter (OR = 1.84, 95% CI: 1.17–2.89). CONCLUSIONS: Sexting, rather than functioning as an alternative to “real world” sexual risk behavior, appears to be part of a cluster of risky sexual behaviors among adolescents. We recommend that clinicians discuss sexting as an adolescent-friendly way of engaging patients in conversations about sexual activity, prevention of sexually transmitted infections, and unwanted pregnancy. We further recommend that discussion about sexting and its associated risk behavior be included in school-based sexual health curricula.

Rhoades, Harmony; Winetrobe, Hailey; Sanchez, Monica; Montoya, Jorge; Plant, Aaron; Kordic, Timothy

2012-01-01

25

Men's interactions with women after viewing sexually explicit films: Does degradation make a difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Short?term exposure to nonviolent sexual media stimuli can produce cognitive changes in men, which, in turn, can affect their attitudes toward women. This study sought to build on past research by reliably distinguishing between (a) sexually explicit and non?sexual films and (b) sexually explicit films that are either degrading or non?degrading to women. We tested whether men's viewing of these

Laura L. Jansma; Daniel G. Linz; Anthony Mulac; Dorothy J. Imrich

1997-01-01

26

The Internet and the First Amendment: School and Sexually Explicit Expression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rather than focus on "who" makes the determination about students' access to sexually explicit expression, this volume examines the legal issues affecting "whether" to permit that access and "how much" access to allow. In sum, this book is intended to facilitate meaningful discussion about the regulation of minors' access to sexually explicit

Cate, Fred H.

27

Cheesecake and Beefcake: No Matter How You Slice it, Sexual Explicitness in Advertising Continues to Increase  

Microsoft Academic Search

Previous research revealed that sexually oriented appeals in American advertising had become increasingly explicit through the mid-1980s. This study updates earlier research by assessing images of women and men in magazine ads in 1983 and 1993. Results show that both genders were portrayed more explicitly and through more sexually intimate contact in 1993. Women were three times more likely than

Tom Reichert; Jacqueline Lambiase; Susan Morgan; Meta Carstarphen; Susan Zavoina

1999-01-01

28

Sexual Priming, Gender Stereotyping, and Likelihood to Sexually Harass: Examining the Cognitive Effects of Playing a Sexually-Explicit Video Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the short-term cognitive effects of playing a sexually explicit video game with female “objectification”\\u000a content on male players. Seventy-four male students from a university in California, U.S. participated in a laboratory experiment.\\u000a They were randomly assigned to play either a sexually-explicit game or one of two control games. Participants’ cognitive accessibility\\u000a to sexual and sexually objectifying

Mike Z. Yao; Chad Mahood; Daniel Linz

2010-01-01

29

X-RatedSexual Attitudes and Behaviors Associated With U.S. Early Adolescents' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Correlates of use and subsequent sexual attitudes and behaviors predicted by exposure to sexually explicit content (i.e., pornography and erotica) in adult magazines, X-rated movies, and the Internet were examined in a prospective survey of a diverse sample of early adolescents (average age at baseline = 13.6 years; N = 967). Two-thirds (66%) of males and more than one-third (39%)

Jane D. Brown; Kelly L. LEngle

2009-01-01

30

Psychosexual correlates of viewing sexually explicit sex on television among women in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on frequency, motives, and reactions in relation to viewing sexually explicit sex on tv (SETV) among a sample of 201 Dutch women, and explores correlations with demographic, psychosexual, and behavioral variables. We found that 60% of these women watch SETV on a somewhat regular basis. Motivations are most often leisure or sensation seeking. Reactions appreciative of SETV

Ine Vanwesenbeeck

2001-01-01

31

Exposure to Sexually Explicit Web Sites and Adolescent Sexual Attitudes and Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

PurposeMass media play an important role in the socialization of youth. Given its expanding nature and accessibility, the Internet may be at the forefront of this education. However, the extent of the Internet's impact on adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors is not yet known.

Debra K. Braun-Courville; Mary Rojas

2009-01-01

32

Situational Factors Competing for Attention: The Interaction Effect of Multitasking and Sexually Explicit Content on TV Recognition  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigates how multitasking interacts with levels of sexually explicit content to influence an individual’s ability to recognize TV content. A 2 (multitasking vs. nonmultitasking) by 3 (low, medium, and high sexual content) between-subjects experiment was conducted. The analyses revealed that multitasking not only impaired task performance, but also decreased TV recognition. An inverted-U relationship between degree of sexually

Weiyu Zhang; Se-Hoon Jeong

2010-01-01

33

Substance abuse treatment providers' explicit and implicit attitudes regarding sexual minorities.  

PubMed

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals have been found to have elevated rates of substance use disorders when compared with heterosexuals. However, little is known about the challenges a sexual minority might face in presenting for substance use treatment. In this study, treatment providers' attitudes toward LGBT individuals were assessed among a sample of 46 substance abuse treatment counselors who provide publicly funded treatment. Participants completed both explicit measures of heterosexist bias and an implicit measure designed to assess for biases that exist at an automatic, uncontrolled level. Results indicate that treatment counselors' negative biases regarding LGBT individuals were stronger for heterosexual counselors and for those with few LGBT friends. However, biases among this sample were significantly less than in comparison samples. Findings were also related to a newly developed measure of cultural competence in working with LGBT substance users. Implications for provision of appropriate services and recommendations to treatment agencies are discussed. PMID:18032292

Cochran, Bryan N; Peavy, K Michelle; Cauce, Ana Mari

2007-01-01

34

A Non-Blaming Chance and Action Approach to Therapy with Sexually Explicit Media Overuse: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this clinical presentation a non-blaming, non-judgmental approach to overuse of sexually explicit media (SEM) is introduced. This approach normalizes the problem and sees it in the context of evolution and market forces. It is claimed that such an approach contributes to change and strengthens the therapeutic alliance. A new technique…

Wernik, Uri

2012-01-01

35

Sexually Explicit Media on the Internet: A Content Analysis of Sexual Behaviors, Risk, and Media Characteristics in Gay Male Adult Videos.  

PubMed

Recent research suggests that viewing sexually explicit media (SEM), i.e., adult videos, may influence sexual risk taking among men who have sex with men. Despite this evidence, very little is known about the content of gay male SEM on the Internet, including the prevalence of sexual risk behaviors and their relation to video- and performer-characteristics, viewing frequency, and favorability. The current study content analyzed 302 sexually explicit videos featuring male same-sex performers that were posted to five highly trafficked adult-oriented websites. Findings revealed that gay male SEM on the Internet features a variety of conventional and nonconventional sexual behaviors. There was a substantial prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) (34 %) and was virtually the same as the prevalence of anal sex with a condom (36 %). The presence of UAI was not associated with video length, amateur production, number of video views, favorability, or website source. However, the presence of other potentially high-risk behaviors (e.g., ejaculation in the mouth, and ejaculation on/in/rubbed into the anus) was associated with longer videos, more views, and group sex videos (three or more performers). The findings of high levels of sexual risk behavior and the fact that there was virtually no difference in the prevalence of anal sex with and without a condom in gay male SEM have important implications for HIV prevention efforts, future research on the role of SEM on sexual risk taking, and public health policy. PMID:23733156

Downing, Martin J; Schrimshaw, Eric W; Antebi, Nadav; Siegel, Karolynn

2013-06-01

36

Men's Behavior toward Women after Viewing Sexually-Explicit Films: Degradation Makes a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Notes that short-term exposure to nonviolent sexual media stimuli can produce cognitive changes in men which can affect their behavior toward women. Explores differences among these behavioral effects in a group of male and female undergraduate students based upon sexual degradation in film content and male viewers' gender schematicity. Discusses…

Mulac, Anthony; Jansma, Laura L.; Linz, Daniel G.

2002-01-01

37

Men's Behavior toward Women after Viewing Sexually-Explicit Films: Degradation Makes a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that short-term exposure to nonviolent sexual media stimuli can produce cognitive changes in men which can affect their behavior toward women. Explores differences among these behavioral effects in a group of male and female undergraduate students based upon sexual degradation in film content and male viewers' gender schematicity. Discusses…

Mulac, Anthony; Jansma, Laura L.; Linz, Daniel G.

2002-01-01

38

Men's behavior toward women after viewing sexually-explicit films: degradation makes a difference  

Microsoft Academic Search

Past research indicates that short-term exposure to nonviolent sexual media stimuli can produce cognitive changes in men which, in turn, can affect their behavior toward women. This study explored differences among these behavioral effects based upon sexual degradation in film content and male viewers' gender schematicity, as an extension of the study of cognitive effects reported in Jansma, Linz, Mulac,

Anthony Mulac; Laura Jansma; Daniel Linz

2002-01-01

39

Parental autonomy support and discrepancies between implicit and explicit sexual identities: dynamics of self-acceptance and defense.  

PubMed

When individuals grow up with autonomy-thwarting parents, they may be prevented from exploring internally endorsed values and identities and as a result shut out aspects of the self perceived to be unacceptable. Given the stigmatization of homosexuality, individuals perceiving low autonomy support from parents may be especially motivated to conceal same-sex sexual attraction, leading to defensive processes such as reaction formation. Four studies tested a model wherein perceived parental autonomy support is associated with lower discrepancies between self-reported sexual orientation and implicit sexual orientation (assessed with a reaction time task). These indices interacted to predict anti-gay responding indicative of reaction formation. Studies 2-4 showed that an implicit/explicit discrepancy was particularly pronounced in participants who experienced their fathers as both low in autonomy support and homophobic, though results were inconsistent for mothers. Findings of Study 3 suggested contingent self-esteem as a link between parenting styles and discrepancies in sexual orientation measures. PMID:22288529

Weinstein, Netta; Ryan, William S; Dehaan, Cody R; Przybylski, Andrew K; Legate, Nicole; Ryan, Richard M

2012-01-30

40

Men's and women's reactions to sexually explicit films: A serendipitous finding  

Microsoft Academic Search

We proposed that men and women would be “turned off” by watching men and women like themselves engaged in sexual activity and “turned on” by watching someone of the opposite sex engaged in the same activity. We tested this hypothesis by showing college men and women eight films: films depicting male and female homosexuality, male and female masturbation, and males

Elaine Hatfield; Sue Sprecher; Jane Traupmann

1978-01-01

41

Substance Abuse Treatment Providers' Explicit and Implicit Attitudes Regarding Sexual Minorities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals have been found to have elevated rates of substance use disorders when compared with heterosexuals. However, little is known about the challenges a sexual minority might face in presenting for substance use treatment. In this study, treatment providers' attitudes toward LGBT individuals were assessed among a sample of 46 substance abuse treatment counselors

Bryan N. Cochran; K. Michelle Peavy; Ana Mari Cauce

2007-01-01

42

What do people do with porn? Qualitative research into the comsumption, use, and experience of pornography and other sexually explicit media  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews qualitative research into the consumption of pornography and other sexually explicit media emerging from\\u000a a range of subject areas. Taking a critique of quantitative methods and a focus on measuring sexual effects and attitudes\\u000a as a starting point, it considers the proposition that qualitative work is more suited to an examination of the complex social,\\u000a cultural, and

Feona Attwood

2005-01-01

43

The effects of gay sexually explicit media on the HIV risk behavior of men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

This study sought to study consumption patterns of gay-oriented sexually explicit media (SEM) by men who have sex with men (MSM); and to investigate a hypothesized relationship between gay SEM consumption and HIV risk behavior. Participants were 1,391 MSM living in the US, recruited online to complete a SEM consumption and sexual risk survey. Almost all (98.5 %) reported some gay SEM exposure over the last 90 days. While 41 % reported a preference to watch actors perform anal sex without condoms (termed "bareback SEM"), 17 % preferred to actors perform anal sex with condoms (termed "safer sex SEM") and 42 % reported no preference. Overall SEM consumption was not associated with HIV risk; however participants who watched more bareback SEM reported significantly greater odds of engaging in risk behavior. The results suggest that a preference for bareback SEM is associated with engaging in risk behavior. More research to understand how MSM develop and maintain preferences in viewing SEM, and to identify new ways to use SEM in HIV prevention, is recommended. PMID:23564010

Rosser, B R Simon; Smolenski, Derek J; Erickson, Darin; Iantaffi, Alex; Brady, Sonya S; Grey, Jeremy A; Hald, Gert Martin; Horvath, Keith J; Kilian, Gunna; Træen, Bente; Wilkerson, J Michael

2013-05-01

44

Perceived Effects of Sexually Explicit Internet Content: The Third-Person Effect in Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Investigates the third-person effect of pornography on the Internet. Notes that congruent with the third-person effect, students from a major Singapore university judged pornographic material on the Internet to have a greater impact on others than on themselves. Reveals evidence for a perceived social distance corollary with children to be more…

Wu, Wei; Koo, Soh Hoon

2001-01-01

45

Acceptability of HIV-prevention messages in sexually explicit media viewed by men who have sex with men.  

PubMed

To inform HIV/STI prevention messaging, the authors used cross-sectional data from 1,231 men who have sex with men (MSM) to examine the acceptability of strategies for delivering prevention messages in sexually explicit media (SEM). The majority of participants (83%) found it acceptable to include prevention messages in SEM. A latent profile analysis identified three classifications of men with similar views on the acceptability of strategies. Compared to men endorsing some strategies (54%), men endorsing all strategies (29%) were younger (PORadj = 0.56 [0.39, 0.79]) and preferred viewing SEM in which the actors used condoms for anal sex (PORadj = 1.53 [1.05, 2.23]). Men endorsing no strategies (17%) were of similar age to men endorsing some, but were more likely to prefer viewing SEM in which the actors did not use condoms (PORadj = 2.44 [1.43, 4.16]) and to report engaging in insertive unprotected anal sex within the past 3 months (PORadj = 2.03 [1.11, 3.70]). Opportunities exist to use SEM for HIV/STI prevention. PMID:23837809

Wilkerson, J Michael; Iantaffi, Alex; Smolenski, Derek J; Horvath, Keith J; Rosser, B R Simon

2013-08-01

46

Censorship of Sexual Materials: A Selected, Annotated Basic Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The 37 references in this annotated bibliography are compiled for researchers of information on the censorship of sexual materials from ancient times to present. The materials include case studies, histories, essays, and opinion pieces about the use and regulation of "obscenity" in literature, pictorial art, radio broadcasting, the mail, film, and…

Tedford, Thomas L.

47

Processing bias for sexual material: the emotional stroop and sexual offenders.  

PubMed

As part of an ongoing research project we examined information-processing biases in forensic and nonforensic participants (n = 10 sex offenders, n = 10 violent offenders, n = 10 nonviolent offenders, and n = 13 undergraduates). A computerised version of the Stroop task demonstrated that offenders convicted of both sexual and violent offences were significantly slower than undergraduates to color-name words relating to sexual offending (with sex offenders demonstrating the greatest interference bias). Furthermore, processing bias was also evident for aggression words in violent offenders and violent sexual offenders but not in non-violent sexual offenders. Specifically, paedophiles convicted of indecent assault presented different response profiles compared to heterosexual rapists. These findings suggest that tests that assess information processing bias for salient material may also prove useful as an assessment tool within forensic populations. PMID:15208900

Smith, Paul; Waterman, Mitch

2004-04-01

48

Internet pornography: A social psychological perspective on internet sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectacular growth in availability of sexually explicit material on the Internet challenges sexual science to study antecedents and consequences of experience with such content. The current analysis attempts to provide a conceptual and empirical context for emerging work in this area. Our discussion begins with a summary of some of what has been learned from existing research concerning sexually explicit

William A. Fisher; Azy Barak

2001-01-01

49

One Love: Explicit Monogamy Agreements among Heterosexual Young Adult Couples at Increased Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV prevention strategies among couples include condom use, mutual monogamy, and HIV testing. Research suggests that condom use is more likely with new or casual partners, and tends to decline as relationships become steady over time. Little is known, however, about explicit mutual monogamy agreements and HIV testing within heterosexual couples. This study used data from 434 young heterosexual couples

Jocelyn T. Warren; S. Marie Harvey; Christopher R. Agnew

2012-01-01

50

One Love: Explicit Monogamy Agreements among Heterosexual Young Adult Couples at Increased Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV prevention strategies among couples include condom use, mutual monogamy, and HIV testing. Research suggests that condom use is more likely with new or casual partners, and tends to decline as relationships become steady over time. Little is known, however, about explicit mutual monogamy agreements and HIV testing within heterosexual couples. This study used data from 434 young heterosexual couples

Jocelyn T. Warren; S. Marie Harvey; Christopher R. Agnew

2011-01-01

51

Content, Sex of Viewer, and Dispositional Variables as Predictors of Affective and Evaluative Responses to Sexually Explicit Films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Heterosexual college students (N = 164) responded to seven scales assessing authoritarianism, general and specific sexual attitudes, and attitudes toward and fears about male and female homosexuals. On these dispositional variables, men, compared to women, expressed more erotophilic attitudes, less sex guilt, less positive attitudes about gays, and more homophobia; gender differences were not found for authoritarianism or for attitudes

Kathryn Kelley; Donn Byrne; Virginia Greendlinger; Sarah K. Murnen

1997-01-01

52

Online Sexual Activity Experience of Heterosexual Students: Gender Similarities and Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compared male and female university students’ experiences with online sexual activity (OSA) and tested a model\\u000a explaining gender differences in OSA. OSAs were categorized as non-arousal (e.g., seeking sexuality information), solitary-arousal\\u000a (e.g., viewing sexually explicit materials), or partnered-arousal (e.g., sharing sexual fantasies). Participants (N = 217) completed measures of OSA experience, sexual attitudes, and sexual experience. Significantly more men than

Krystelle ShaughnessyE; E. Sandra Byers; Lindsay Walsh

2011-01-01

53

Men's experiences of sexuality after cancer: a material discursive intra-psychic approach.  

PubMed

Men can experience significant changes to their sexuality following the onset of cancer. However, research on men's sexuality post-cancer has focused almost exclusively on those with prostate and testicular cancer, despite evidence that the diagnosis and treatment for most cancers can impact on men's sexuality. This Australian qualitative study explores the experiences of changes to sexuality for 21 men across a range of cancer types and stages, sexual orientations and relationship contexts. Semi-structured interviews were analysed with theoretical thematic analysis guided by a material discursive intra-psychic approach, recognising the materiality of sexual changes, men's intrapsychic experience of such changes within a relational context and the influence of the discursive construction of masculine sexuality. Material changes included erectile difficulty, decreased desire, and difficulty with orgasm. The use of medical aids to minimise the impact of erectile difficulties was shaped by discursive constructions of 'normal' masculine sexuality. The majority of men reported accepting the changes to their sexuality post-cancer and normalised them as part of the natural ageing process. Men's relationship status and context played a key role managing the changes to their sexuality. We conclude by discussing the implications for clinical practice. PMID:23656602

Gilbert, Emilee; Ussher, Jane M; Perz, Janette; Wong, W K Tim; Hobbs, Kim; Mason, Catherine

2013-05-08

54

Raunch or romance? Framing and interpreting the relationship between sexualized culture and young people's sexual health  

Microsoft Academic Search

The increase in exposure to sexually explicit material has been cited as a significant factor influencing adolescent sexuality and health. Concern about the negative impact of this material is increasingly prominent within policy, professional groups, and the media. Little research, however, has been conducted within this area. This article presents findings from my research, which is located at the intersection

Clare Bale

2011-01-01

55

Raunch or Romance? Framing and Interpreting the Relationship between Sexualized Culture and Young People's Sexual Health  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The increase in exposure to sexually explicit material has been cited as a significant factor influencing adolescent sexuality and health. Concern about the negative impact of this material is increasingly prominent within policy, professional groups, and the media. Little research, however, has been conducted within this area. This article…

Bale, Clare

2011-01-01

56

An Attempt to Elaborate a Construct to Measure the Degree of Explicitness and Implicitness in ELT Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The concepts of "explicit" and "implicit" (knowledge) are at the core of SLA studies. We take "explicit" as conscious and declarative (knowledge); "implicit" as unconscious, automatic and procedural (knowledge) (DeKeyser, 2003; R. Ellis, 2005a, 2005b, 2009; Hulstjin, 2005; Robinson, 1996; Schmidt, 1990, 1994). The importance of those concepts and…

Criado Sanchez, Raquel; Perez, Aquilino Sanchez; Gomez, Pascual Cantos

2010-01-01

57

Where Is the Discourse of Desire? Deconstructing the Irish Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) Resource Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by poststructuralist insights and the critical literature on the topic of school-based sexuality education, this paper is derived from a close examination of the Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) resource materials devised for teachers involved in delivering the programme in Irish schools. It seeks critically to uncover how…

Kiely, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

58

Pornography, Sexual Socialization, and Satisfaction Among Young Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of a growing presence of pornography in contemporary life, little is known about its potential effects on young people’s\\u000a sexual socialization and sexual satisfaction. In this article, we present a theoretical model of the effects of sexually explicit\\u000a materials (SEM) mediated by sexual scripting and moderated by the type of SEM used. An on-line survey dataset that included

Aleksandar Štulhofer; Vesna Buško; Ivan Landripet

2010-01-01

59

Measures of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Mainstream and BDSM Sexual Terms Using the IRAP and Questionnaire with BDSM/Fetish and Student Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) examines implicit attitudes through the measurement of response latencies. In this study, the IRAP was used to assess implicit attitudes toward "mainstream" sexual terms (e.g., Kissing) and "BDSM" terms (e.g., Bondage) among individuals reporting BDSM interests and among students who did not…

Stockwell, Fawna M. J.; Walker, Diana J.; Eshleman, John W.

2010-01-01

60

Women's Sexuality and Meaning Making  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the current study was to challenge depictions of traditionally oppressive female sexuality by explicitly exploring diverse women's positive experiences of sexuality and to capture the unique meanings women ascribe to their sexuality through the use of participant-generated metaphor. We interviewed 17 diverse women regarding the meaning of sexuality in their lives. Coding revealed that metaphors for sexuality

Debra Mollen; Sally D. Stabb

2010-01-01

61

Systematic Review of the Peer-Reviewed Scientific Literature on the Effects of Pornographic Materials on Behaviors, Attitudes and Knowledge.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The study involves a systematic review of the scientific research investigating pornography. Included are studies on the sale and distribution of pornographic materials over time; the use of sexually explicit materials in medical treatments, sex education...

J. S. Lyons R. L. Anderson E. Hale

1993-01-01

62

Exposure to harsh parenting and pornography as explanations for males' sexual coercion and females' sexual victimization.  

PubMed

Sexual violence against women is a major concern to researchers and policy makers, as well as to the general public. This study uses a sample of more than 2,000 college students to investigate the extent to which exposure to harsh parenting practices and sexually explicit materials contributes to perpetration and victimization. Findings indicate that frequent corporal punishment in the family of origin combined with consumption of pornographic materials increased the probability that males reported engaging in coercive sexual practices. For females, both frequent corporal punishment and exposure to paternal hostility combined with consumption of pornographic materials were associated with higher levels of reported sexual victimization. These results provide increased understanding of the impact of pornography use among a nonclinical sample, as well as the consequences of experiencing harsh corporal punishment in one's family of origin, on the sexual victimization of females. PMID:22852438

Simons, Leslie Gordon; Simons, Ronald L; Lei, Man-Kit; Sutton, Tara E

2012-01-01

63

The Relationship Between Exposure to Sexual Music Videos and Young Adults' Sexual Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between exposure to sexual music videos and young people's sexual attitudes (i.e., premarital sexual permissiveness and endorsement of the sexual double standard). Items gauging exposure to 75 music videos ranging in sexual explicitness were used to measure sexual video viewing among a sample of 266 undergraduate students. As expected, exposure

Yuanyuan Zhang; Laura E. Miller; Kristen Harrison

2008-01-01

64

Not a Laughing Matter: Sexual Harassment as “Material” on Workplace-Based Situation Comedies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In her book Sexual Harassment of Working Women Catherine MacKinnon (1979) suggested that “Trivialization of sexual harassment has been a major means through which its invisibility has been enforced. Humor, which may reflect unconscious hostility, has been a major form of that trivialization” (p. 52). In other words, making jokes at women's expense and treating sexual harassment as not serious

Beth Montemurro

2003-01-01

65

The Impact of Sexually-Stimulating Materials and Group Care Residents  

Microsoft Academic Search

Residential treatment center staff members frequently include provisions for management of sexually-stimulating media as part of Agency sexuality policies. This paper reviews recent attempts to calculate the impact that exposure to several categories of sexualized media has on experimetal subjects. Research findings are assessed with respect to potential harm that exposure may do to youth in care, and guidelines for

Raymond Schimmer

1993-01-01

66

69 FR 4263 - Label For E-mail Messages Containing Sexually Oriented Material  

Federal Register 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013

...Part 316 RIN 3084-AA96 Label For E-mail Messages Containing Sexually Oriented...in commercial electronic mail (``e-mail'') that includes sexually oriented...included in or associated with commercial e-mail that contains sexually oriented...

2004-01-29

67

Media Mojo: Do you think I'm sexy, baby? A study of sexual content in personal advertisements on the Internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

This experiment investigates advertising for romantic partners through personal advertisements on the Internet. From the analysis of responses to two personals ads from a male and a female, data was calculated to see if sexually explicit material influenced people's perceptions of the advertiser. An experiment was developed using two personal advertisements on a Yahoo website, varying only in sexual and

Hunter McRae; Carrie Sasser; Christian Stephens

68

X-rated material and perpetration of sexually aggressive behavior among children and adolescents: is there a link?  

PubMed

Longitudinal linkages between intentional exposure to x-rated material and sexually aggressive behavior were examined among youth 10-15 year olds surveyed nationally in the United States. At Wave 1 in 2006, participants (n = 1,588) were queried about these exposures and outcomes in the preceding 12 months. Wave 2 data (n = 1,206) were collected approximately 12 months after Wave 1 and Wave 3 data (n = 1,159) were collected approximately 24 months after Wave 1. Thus, data for this project represent a 36-month time frame. A marginal model with generalized estimating equations was used to represent the population-average odds of sexually aggressive behavior over the 36 months as a function of exposure to x-rated material over the same time and to account for clustering in the data within person over time. An average of 5% of youth reported perpetrating sexually aggressive behavior and 23% of youth reported intentional exposure to x-rated material. After adjusting for other potentially influential proximal (i.e., sexual aggression victimization) and distal characteristics (e.g., substance use), we found that intentional exposure to violent x-rated material over time predicted an almost 6-fold increase in the odds of self-reported sexually aggressive behavior (aOR: 5.8, 95% CI: 3.2, 10.5), whereas exposure to nonviolent x-rated material was not statistically significantly related (aOR: 1.7, 95% CI: 0.94, 2.9). Associations were similar for boys and girls (boys nonviolent x-rated material aOR = 2.0, 95% CI: 0.8, 4.7; violent x-rated material aOR = 6.5, 95% CI: 2.7, 15.3; girls nonviolent x-rated material aOR = 1.2, 95% CI: 0.5, 3.2; violet x-rated material aOR = 6.1, 95% CI: 2.5, 14.8). PMID:21046607

Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Hamburger, Merle; Diener-West, Marie; Leaf, Philip J

69

An Overview of Sexual Harassment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Sexual harassment, according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), is when any unwelcome sexual advances for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature takes place. For sexual harassment to take place there must be some type of behavior, language, or material of a sexual nature, which is offensive.…

Stier, William F., Jr.

2005-01-01

70

Sexual selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

Competition over mates takes many forms and has far-reaching consequences for many organisms. Recent work suggests that relative reproductive rates of males and females, sperm competition and quality variation among mates affect the strength of sexual selection. Song, other display, body size, visual ornaments and material resource offerings are often sexually selected. There is much empirical evidence of mate choice,

Malte Andersson; Yoh Iwasa

1996-01-01

71

Sexual Content on Mainstream TV Advertising: A Cross-cultural Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

A content analysis of 1,785 American ads and 1,467 Israeli ads maps the representation of sexual content on mainstream TV\\u000a advertising in the two countries. This content appears in less than 5% of the advertisements. Most of it is mild and portrayed\\u000a in the conservative context of an established relationship. Explicit material, socially discouraged practices, references\\u000a to sexual responsibility and

Amir Hetsroni

2007-01-01

72

Pornography, sexual socialization, and satisfaction among young men.  

PubMed

In spite of a growing presence of pornography in contemporary life, little is known about its potential effects on young people's sexual socialization and sexual satisfaction. In this article, we present a theoretical model of the effects of sexually explicit materials (SEM) mediated by sexual scripting and moderated by the type of SEM used. An on-line survey dataset that included 650 young Croatian men aged 18-25 years was used to explore empirically the model. Descriptive findings pointed to significant differences between mainstream and paraphilic SEM users in frequency of SEM use at the age of 14, current SEM use, frequency of masturbation, sexual boredom, acceptance of sex myths, and sexual compulsiveness. In testing the model, a novel instrument was used, the Sexual Scripts Overlap Scale, designed to measure the influence of SEM on sexual socialization. Structural equation analyses suggested that negative effects of early exposure to SEM on young men's sexual satisfaction, albeit small, could be stronger than positive effects. Both positive and negative effects-the latter being expressed through suppression of intimacy-were observed only among users of paraphilic SEM. No effect of early exposure to SEM was found among the mainstream SEM users. To counterbalance moral panic but also glamorization of pornography, sex education programs should incorporate contents that would increase media literacy and assist young people in critical interpretation of pornographic imagery. PMID:18561012

Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Busko, Vesna; Landripet, Ivan

2008-06-17

73

The Effect of French Television Sexual Program Content on the Recall of Sexual and Nonsexual Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of television program sexual content and explicit sexual advertisement content on memory for advertisements. Eighty-two French participants, aged 18 to 48 years, watched either a sexual program (Sex and the City) or a nonsexual program (Friends), with three sexual and three nonsexual adverts embedded within it. They then completed free- and cued-recall questionnaires testing their

Adrian Furnham; Laurence Mainaud

2010-01-01

74

The Effect of French Television Sexual Program Content on the Recall of Sexual and Nonsexual Advertisements  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the impact of television program sexual content and explicit sexual advertisement content on memory for advertisements. Eighty-two French participants, aged 18 to 48 years, watched either a sexual program (Sex and the City) or a nonsexual program (Friends), with three sexual and three nonsexual adverts embedded within it. They then completed free- and cued-recall questionnaires testing their

Adrian Furnham; Laurence Mainaud

2011-01-01

75

Consumption of Sexual Dialogue and Content on Television and Adolescent Sexual Outcomes: Multiethnic Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purposes of this study were to examine group differences in sexual media consumption and to explore how well adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavior can be explained by viewing of sexually suggestive dialogue (SD) and explicit sexual content (SC) in television media. Participants were 473 male and female high school adolescents who were…

Somers, Cheryl L.; Tynan, Joshua J.

2006-01-01

76

Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Adults Based on the Definition of Child Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction. The literature shows a discrepancy in the association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and adult sexual function. One of the proposed explanations for this discrepancy is the different ways in which CSA is assessed. While some studies explicitly ask potential participants whether they are sexual abuse survivors, others ask whether participants experienced specific unwanted sexual behaviors. Aim. This study

Alessandra Rellini; Cindy Meston

2007-01-01

77

Consumption of Sexual Dialogue and Content on Television and Adolescent Sexual Outcomes: Multiethnic Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to examine group differences in sexual media consumption and to explore how well adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavior can be explained by viewing of sexually suggestive dialogue (SD) and explicit sexual content (SC) in television media. Participants were 473 male and female high school adolescents who were…

Somers, Cheryl L.; Tynan, Joshua J.

2006-01-01

78

Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Exams Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Sexual Attraction and Orientation Sexual Harassment and Sexual Bullying Talking to Your Partner About ... Normal? Male Reproductive System Sexual Attraction and Orientation Sexual Harassment and Sexual Bullying Talking to Your Partner About ...

79

Note to sexuality educators: popular culture is your friend.  

PubMed

In response to the SIECUS Report entitled "Adolescent Sexuality and Popular Culture", Susan Bankowski of the Campaign for Our Children, Inc. explains why knowledge about popular culture is so important in work dealing with young people. It is noted that blame has often been placed on pop culture as contributing to American youth's early initiation into sexual activity. Various studies and groups of people cite the explicit display of sex in media as a major reason for such behavior of teens. However, in Europe, where teen birthrates are much lower and contraceptive use is higher than in the US, sex and sexuality are an accepted part of media expression. In view of this, Bankowski states that there is a need for sexuality educators to embrace the media that influence the teens with whom they work. Drawing on her own experience, Bankowski further explains that educators need to be aware of trends when selecting educational materials. PMID:12322612

Bankowski, S B

80

Effects of Experimentally Adopted Sexual Schemas on Vaginal Response and Subjective Sexual Arousal: A Comparison Between Women with Sexual Arousal Disorder and Sexually Healthy Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study evaluated and compared the effects of experimentally adopted sexual schemas on vaginal response, subjective\\u000a sexual arousal, and affect in 17 women with Female Sexual Arousal Disorder (FSAD) and 17 sexually healthy women. Positive\\u000a and negative cognitive schemas were presented to participants before viewing sexually explicit video segments. They were asked\\u000a to temporarily adopt both schemas, and vaginal

Laura S. Middleton; Stephanie W. Kuffel; Julia R. Heiman

2008-01-01

81

Associations between Blocking, Monitoring, and Filtering Software on the Home Computer and Youth-Reported Unwanted Exposure to Sexual Material Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the relationship between the use of preventive software on the home computer and unwanted exposure to sexual material online. Methods: The Youth Internet Safety Survey-2 was a national, RDD telephone survey conducted in March-June 2005. Eight hundred households (one caregiver and one child between the ages of 10 and 17 years)…

Ybarra, Michele L.; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J.; Wolak, Janis

2009-01-01

82

Associations between Blocking, Monitoring, and Filtering Software on the Home Computer and Youth-Reported Unwanted Exposure to Sexual Material Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: To examine the relationship between the use of preventive software on the home computer and unwanted exposure to sexual material online. Methods: The Youth Internet Safety Survey-2 was a national, RDD telephone survey conducted in March-June 2005. Eight hundred households (one caregiver and one child between the ages of 10 and 17…

Ybarra, Michele L.; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J.; Wolak, Janis

2009-01-01

83

The Explicit Teaching of Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Exploring the explicit teaching of reading, this book is the result of a group of Australian teachers who took a closer look at their teaching so that they could be clearer to their kindergarten through middle-school students. Chapter 1 is based on a presentation at a Saturday inservice program on explicit teaching. Chapters 2-9 were written by…

Hancock, Joelie, Ed.

84

Speciation and Sexual Conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

We review mathematical models that explicitly consider the dynamics of evolutionary change driven by sexual conflict over mating rate when males are selected for increasing mating success whereas females are selected to restrict mating rate. These models focus on a pair of traits each of which is controlled by a separate set of genes expressed in one sex only. The

Sergey Gavrilets; Takehiko I. Hayashi

2005-01-01

85

Reconciling Messages: The Process of Sexual Talk for Latinas  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young Latinas' experiences and meanings of sexuality were explored through 31 interviews, with grounded theory used to provide theoretical understanding of sexual talk. The women's level of comfort with sexual talk and their explicitness influenced the kind of sexual talk they engaged in with partners. The analysis of being in a romantic relationship revealed similar descriptions of processes within the

Sandra L. Faulkner; Phyllis Kernoff Mansfield

2002-01-01

86

Formal Solution: EXPLICIT Answers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Evaluation of the radiation field arising from a specified set of thermodynamic and kinetic material conditions is known as the Formal Solution. The ability to find such solutions efficiently is critical to the iterative solution of the implicit coupled matter plus radiation problem. It is first shown how the exact relativistic radiation transport along a ray may be reduced to a set of easily evaluated integrals. The short characteristic approach is then used to find the formal solution of multi-dimensional radiation problems.

Auer, L.

2003-01-01

87

Adolescents’ Exposure to a Sexualized Media Environment and Their Notions of Women as Sex Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate whether adolescents’ exposure to a sexualized media environment is associated with\\u000a stronger beliefs that women are sex objects. More specifically, we studied whether the association between notions of women\\u000a as sex objects and exposure to sexual content of varied explicitness (i.e., sexually non-explicit, semi-explicit, or explicit)\\u000a and in different formats (i.e., visual and audio-visual)

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2007-01-01

88

Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... experiences, free of coercion, discrimination and violence. [1] Sexual Health News & Information HHS Statement on LGBT Health Awareness ... infectious diseases, reproductive health and sexual violence prevention. Sexual Health Topics Sexually Transmitted Diseases Up-to-date information ...

89

Teens Share Sexually Explicit Messages: Simple Rebellion or Dangerous Behavior?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|An increasingly popular form of communication among teenagers is "sexting," sending nude photos via text messaging, reported The Orange County Register (3/20/09). This "flirtation" technique has sparked quite a bit of debate: is this simply a form of rebellion or is it dangerous behavior that could have adverse penalties? Although many teens say…

Curriculum Review, 2009

2009-01-01

90

Sexual counseling for the nontherapist.  

PubMed

Sexual health is a part of total health. Sexual problems can cause marital dissolution and emotional impoverishment. The physician is seen as a wise authority figure often and one who can provide sexual guidance and counsel. To be an effective counselor, an obstetrician/gynecologist must acquire sexual knowledge, comfort, and counseling skills. A sexual history is a recommended routine--as part of the new workup, when management of organic problems and treatment (mastectomy, hysterectomy, radical vulvectomy) necessitate inquiry into the patient's sexual practices and sexual value system, and when the patient presents with suspected "functional" or obscure complaints (hyperventilation, palpitations, chronic pelvic pain, recurrent vaginal discharge without obvious pathogens, chronic concerns that everything is all right "down there", cancerphobia). The sexual problem history is readily applicable, especially when a patient presents with an explicit sexual concern. The PLISSIT method is a paradigm that can be utilized effectively with usual referral for intensive therapy (sex therapy) if sexual counseling is ineffectual. The obstetrician/gynecologist can play an important role in facilitating healthful sexual changes in women and couples, enhancing intimacy, and enriching the marital bond. PMID:6488619

Reamy, K

1984-09-01

91

Impredicative overloading in explicit mathematics  

Microsoft Academic Search

Subject: Proof theory and logical foundations of computer science. Castagna, Ghelli and Longo (1) provide a theoretical foundation for object-oriented programming via -calculi with overloading. However, their full calculus exposes a new form of impredicativity for which no denotational semantics was available. In this talk we introduce the system OTN of explicit mathematics based on elementary separation, product, join and

Thomas Studer

2000-01-01

92

Voluntary control of male sexual arousal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Forty-eight adult male volunteers attempted to suppress sexual arousal while viewing a sexually explicit videotape and generate an arousal response while viewing a neutral videotape. Attendance to the stimuli was assured by requiring subjects to provide an ongoing verbal description of the videotape they were viewing. While significant effects in controlling arousal were obtained, the degree of subject success varied

John M. Mahoney; Donald S. Strassberg

1991-01-01

93

Implicit and explicit attitudes toward gay males and lesbians among heterosexual males and females.  

PubMed

In this article, we examined explicit and implicit attitudes toward gay males and lesbians using the Single Category IAT (SC-IAT). In Study 1, we examined attitudes toward gay people in general. Participants reported positive explicit attitudes and neutral implicit attitudes toward gay people. In Study 2, we examined implicit and explicit attitudes toward gay men and lesbians separately. Participants rated gay men and lesbians positively on explicit attitude measures. Analysis of SC-IAT scores revealed neutral associations with gay men and positive associations with lesbians. As a secondary goal, we also tested the Balanced Identity Theory in both studies and did not find evidence of balance between implicit sexual orientation attitudes, implicit sexual identity, and implicit self-esteem using the SC-IAT. PMID:23724704

Breen, Amanda B; Karpinski, Andrew

94

TCP and explicit congestion notification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the use of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) mechanisms in the TCP\\/IP protocol. The first part proposes new guidelines for TCP's response to ECN mechanisms (e.g., Source Quench packets, ECN fields in packet headers). Next, using simulations, we explore the benefits and drawbacks of ECN in TCP\\/IP networks. Our simulations use RED gateways modified to set an ECN

Sally Floyd

1994-01-01

95

Adaptive Explicitly Parallel Instruction Computing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Poor scalability of Superscalar architectures with increasinginstruction-level parallelism (ILP) has resulted in a trend towards staticallyscheduled horizontal architectures such as Very Large Instruction Word(VLIW) processors and their more sophisticated successors called ExplicitlyParallel Instruction Computing (EPIC) architectures. We extend the EPiCmodel with additional capabilities to reconfigure the datapath at runtimein terms of the number and types of functional units...

Krishna V. Palem; Surendranath Talla; Patrick W. Devaney

1999-01-01

96

The Exposure Of Youth To Unwanted Sexual Material On The Internet: A National Survey of Risk, Impact, and Prevention  

Microsoft Academic Search

This national survey of youth, ages 10 to 17, and their caretakers has several implica- tions for the current debate about young people and Internet pornography. Twenty- five percent of youth had unwanted exposure to sexual pictures on the Internet in the past year, challenging the prevalent assumption that the problem is primarily about young people motivated to actively seek

Kimberly J. Mitchell; David Finkelhor; Janis Wolak

2003-01-01

97

Television and adolescent sexuality.  

PubMed

Existing studies of the sexual content of television programming and advertising and the effects of this content on adolescent viewers are reviewed. Content studies show that the frequency of sexual references have increased in the past decade and are increasingly explicit. Studies of the effects of this content, while scarce, suggest that adolescents who rely heavily on television for information about sexuality will have high standards of female beauty and will believe that premarital and extramarital intercourse with multiple partners is acceptable. They are unlikely to learn about the need for contraceptives as a form of protection against pregnancy or disease. Suggestions for future research and trends in television programming policies are explored. PMID:2307597

Brown, J D; Childers, K W; Waszak, C S

1990-01-01

98

Does Subliminal Exposure to Sexual Stimuli Have the Same Effects on Men and Women?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies explored gender differences in explicit and implicit components of sexual arousal following brief exposure to a sexual stimulus. Whereas Study 1 assessed reports of sexual arousal following subliminal exposure to a sexual or a neutral picture, Studies 2 and 3 examined the effects of the same priming procedure on accessibility of sex-related thoughts assessed with a pictorial judgment

Omri Gillath; Mario Mikulincer; Gurit E. Birnbaum; Phillip R. Shaver

2007-01-01

99

Beyond the Birds and the Bees: Learning Inequality through Sexuality Education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews the literature on the roles that schools, peers, and parents play in young people's sexuality education. We argue that the sexuality education children receive is far from just the facts; rather, it is an education in the maintenance of inequality. Sexuality education, as it is currently conceived, includes implicit and explicit messages that reinforce a hegemonic sexuality

Catherine Connell; Sinikka Elliott

2009-01-01

100

Academic Sexual Correctness  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This list on the subject of academic sexual correctness(ASC-L). ASC-L was an outgrowth of CASE (Consenting Academics for Sexual Equity), founded in early 1994 by both professors and students to combat a concerted "feminist" campaign against students and professors who had become involved in an intimate(romantic) relationship. CASE dealt with only one small area of the current emphasis on sexual correctness in academia. Consequently, the need for a network that focused on all aspects of academic sexual correctness became apparent; the ASC-L was a response to that need. ASC-L encompasses all aspects of campus sexual control issues -- irrespective of their ideological origins, such as sexual consent issues, sexual discrimination issues (irrespective of the subjects of the discrimination) and attempts to regulate sexual content of speech on campus or sexual content of course materials. The principles of consent, privacy and academic freedom are the core principles which have motivated the founding of ASC-L.

1996-01-01

101

Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

Sexual health Basics In-Depth Multimedia Expert Answers Resources What's New Sexual health By Mayo Clinic staff Original Article: http://www. ... not share your e-mail address Sign up Sexual health basics Sexuality is part of being human. Love, ...

102

Sexual Harassment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper sets out the legal grounds for sexual harassment claims in education settings, and notes a number of pertinent cases that are illustrative of common legal and factual issues. Sexual harassment, including sexual abuse, is prohibited by federal and state statutes. Sexual harassment in the context of employment constitutes employment…

Uerling, Donald F.

103

Sexual Function and Satisfaction in Adults Based on the Definition of Child Sexual Abuse  

PubMed Central

Introduction The literature shows a discrepancy in the association between child sexual abuse (CSA) and adult sexual function. One of the proposed explanations for this discrepancy is the different ways in which CSA is assessed. While some studies explicitly ask potential participants whether they are sexual abuse survivors, others ask whether participants experienced specific unwanted sexual behaviors. Aim This study investigated the differences between women who self-identified as CSA survivors, women who experienced similar unwanted sexual experiences but did not identify as CSA survivors (NSA), and women with no history of sexual abuse (control). CSA was defined as unwanted touching or penetration of the genitals before the age of 16. Methods A sample of 699 college students anonymously completed a battery of questionnaires on sexuality and sexual abuse history. Main Outcome Measures Sexual function was measured with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), and sexual satisfaction was measured with the Sexual Satisfaction Scale-Women. History of CSA was measured with a modified version of Carlin and Ward’s childhood abuse items. Results Differences emerged between women who experienced sexual abuse before age 16 and women who never experienced sexual abuse (control) on the personal distress subscale of the Sexual Satisfaction Scale. The CSA group (N = 89) reported greater sexual distress compared to the NSA (N = 98) group, and the NSA group reported more distress than the control group (N = 512). No significant group differences were observed in the FSFI. Characteristics of the abuse that predicted whether women identified as CSA survivors included vaginal penetration, fear at the time of the abuse, familial relationship with the perpetrator, and chronic frequency of the abuse. These abuse characteristics were associated with sexual satisfaction but not with sexual function. Conclusions Differences in levels of sexual satisfaction between women with and without a history of CSA were associated with the type of CSA definition adopted. It remains unexplained why the CSA group showed more personal distress about their sexuality but not more sexual dysfunction.

Rellini, Alessandra; Meston, Cindy

2008-01-01

104

Explicit Solution for Polytrope Solar Wind Equations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An explicit solution for polytrope solar winds is presented, in which both the distance and the flow velocity are expressed as simple functions of the mass density. The correspondence between the velocity and the distance is explicitly exhibited through t...

T. Yeh

1970-01-01

105

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic\\/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive

R. Chu; M. Amakai; H. C. Lung; T. Ishigai

1989-01-01

106

DYNA3D; Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic\\/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive

Whirley

1989-01-01

107

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic\\/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive

R. G. Whirley; B. E. Englemann

1993-01-01

108

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-D Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic\\/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive

Whirley

1989-01-01

109

DYNA3DREV5. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DYNA3DREV5 is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3DREV5 contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic\\/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive

Wolery

1991-01-01

110

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-D Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

Microsoft Academic Search

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic\\/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive

R. G. Whirley; B. E. Englemann

1993-01-01

111

Explicit feedback maintains implicit knowledge.  

PubMed

The role of feedback was investigated with respect to conscious and unconscious knowledge acquired during artificial grammar learning (AGL). After incidental learning of training sequences, participants classified further sequences in terms of grammaticality and reported their decision strategy with or without explicit veridical feedback. Sequences that disobeyed the learning structure conformed to an alternative structure. Feedback led to an increase in the amount of reported conscious knowledge of structure (derived rules and recollections) but did not increase its accuracy. Conversely, feedback maintained the accuracy of unconscious knowledge of structure (intuition or familiarity-based responses) which otherwise degraded. Results support a dual-process account of AGL. They suggest that implicit learning of the to-be-rejected structure at test contaminates familiarity-based classifications whereas feedback allows competing familiarity signals to be contextualised, which is incompatible with theories that consider familiarity context-insensitive. PMID:23770696

Mealor, Andy D; Dienes, Zoltan

2013-06-13

112

The effect of French television sexual program content on the recall of sexual and nonsexual advertisements.  

PubMed

This study examined the impact of television program sexual content and explicit sexual advertisement content on memory for advertisements. Eighty-two French participants, aged 18 to 48 years, watched either a sexual program (Sex and the City) or a nonsexual program (Friends), with three sexual and three nonsexual adverts embedded within it. They then completed free- and cued-recall questionnaires testing their memory of the advertisements, as well as a gender identity scale. Overall, sexual advertisements were recalled (in free recall) better than nonsexual advertisements. Participants were found to recall adverts significantly better within the nonsexual program than within the sexual program. No interaction was found between program type and advertisement type: Sexual adverts were recalled better than nonsexual adverts within both programs. Males and females recalled sexual adverts equally, with no mediating effect of gender identity. Implications and limitations of the study are discussed. PMID:20924942

Furnham, Adrian; Mainaud, Laurence

2011-05-24

113

Validity for an Integrated Laboratory Analogue of Sexual Aggression and Bystander Intervention.  

PubMed

This study sought to develop and validate an integrated laboratory paradigm of sexual aggression and bystander intervention. Participants were a diverse community sample (54% African American) of heterosexual males (N = 156) between 21 and 35 years of age who were recruited to complete the study with a male friend and an ostensibly single, heterosexual female who reported a strong dislike of sexual content in the media. Participants viewed a sexually explicit or nonsexually explicit film clip as part of contrived media rating task and made individual choices of which film clip to show the female confederate. Immediately thereafter, participants were required to reach consensus on a group decision of which film clip to show the female confederate. Subjecting a target to an unwanted experience with a sexual connotation was operationalized as selection of the sexually explicit video, whereas successful bystander intervention was operationalized as the event of one partner individually selecting the sexually explicit video but then selecting the nonsexually explicit video for the group choice. Results demonstrated that a 1-year history of sexual aggression and endorsement of pertinent misogynistic attitudes significantly predicted selection of the sexually-explicit video. In addition, bystander efficacy significantly predicted men's successful prevention of their male peer's intent to show the female confederate a sexually explicit video. Discussion focused on how these data inform future research and bystander intervention programming for sexual aggression. Aggr. Behav. 00:1-13, 2012. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:22549741

Parrott, Dominic J; Tharp, Andra Teten; Swartout, Kevin M; Miller, Cameron A; Hall, Gordon C Nagayama; George, William H

2012-05-01

114

Effect of sexual coercion proclivity and cognitive priming on sexual aggression in the laboratory.  

PubMed

This research follows from the "rape proclivity" literature to evaluate whether proclivity actually predicts sexual coercion. One hundred forty-two heterosexual males attending a Canadian university participated. Participants completed the sexual coercion proclivity questionnaire packet to determine high or low sexual coercion proclivity, and were randomly assigned to complete either an innocuous or a sexually aggressive cognitive priming task. Sexual coercion was operationalized by having men read increasingly graphic sexual material to an increasingly uncomfortable confederate. Regardless of condition, high sexual coercion proclivity males were more likely to engage in sexual coercion than low sexual coercion proclivity males. When the effects of discomfort were controlled, a significant interaction emerged between sexual coercion proclivity and the priming condition on sexual coercion. Although engaging in significantly less sexual coercion than the high sexual coercion proclivity males when assigned to the innocuous cognitive priming task, the low sexual coercion proclivity males assigned to the sexually aggressive cognitive priming task were indistinguishable from the high sexual coercion proclivity group. The nature of this relationship differed for Caucasian and Chinese men. These findings suggest that even those not previously inclined toward sexual coercion can do so under opportunistic circumstances, following an increase in discomfort associated with exposure to and involvement with sexually aggressive material. The prevention implications associated with this are discussed. PMID:22126261

Thomas, Lindsey A; Gorzalka, Boris B

2011-11-29

115

Internet Sexualities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

Döring, Nicola

116

Sexual arousal patterns: normal and deviant.  

PubMed

The fetish objects in these case histories were unique enough, and the attraction to the objects strong enough, that the individuals could clearly track their interest from early childhood through adulthood. It is much easier to retrieve remote, explicit memories, such as events (eg, a party where balloons popped) or playing with objects, than to recall the process of sexual development with no distinct markers in the individual's history. Because these distinct experiences predated identified sexuality, became a focus of attention for the individual, and then were incorporated into the individual's sexual interests and masturbatory fantasies, it was possible to accurately track the patterns of sexual arousal. We were also able to clearly identify how these men attempted to blend their deviant interests into sexual relationships with partners and the consequences of their efforts. If we are to understand how sexual interests develop, a number of obstacles need to be overcome. Sexual interest has to be openly discussed. Parents need to appreciate how the early sexual interests of their children can go awry, contaminate their adult relationships, and lead to problematic lives. Researchers need a means of understanding how to communicate with children about their earliest interests, sexual interests, and sexual behaviors in a nonjudgmental manner. Until then, tracking unusual interests that lead to erotic interests is the first step in the overall process of understanding how sexual interest develops and is assimilated, either successfully or unsuccessfully, into an individual's adult sexual life. PMID:18996304

Abel, Gene G; Coffey, Latricia; Osborn, Candice A

2008-12-01

117

Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... can affect the ability to have or enjoy sex in both men and women. Concerns about infertility ... addition, a number of diseases and disorders affect sexual health. These include sexually transmitted diseases and cancer. In ...

118

Sexual conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual conflict occurs when the genetic interests of males and females diverge. Recent evidence supporting the view that male and female genomes are in conflict has now revolutionized the way in which we interpret interactions between the sexes, and suggests that sexual conflict is a potent force in male–female coevolution. Here, we consider the nature of sexual conflict and what

Tracey Chapman; Göran Arnqvist; Jenny Bangham; Locke Rowe

2003-01-01

119

Explicit as Enabler for Understanding the Tacit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Knowledge that can be expressed in words and numbers (i.e., explicit knowledge) only represents the tip of the iceberg in\\u000a organizational knowledge. Explicit knowledge may be communicated in formal, systematic language, using standard notations.\\u000a This paper reviews how explicit knowledge is used within software engineering, and has found that this tip is important to\\u000a store organizational knowledge, discuss improvements, and

Anna Börjesson Sandberg; Carl Magnus Olsson

2008-01-01

120

Parallel Explicit and Implicit Control of Reaching  

PubMed Central

Background Human movement can be guided automatically (implicit control) or attentively (explicit control). Explicit control may be engaged when learning a new movement, while implicit control enables simultaneous execution of multiple actions. Explicit and implicit control can often be assigned arbitrarily: we can simultaneously drive a car and tune the radio, seamlessly allocating implicit or explicit control to either action. This flexibility suggests that sensorimotor signals, including those that encode spatially overlapping perception and behavior, can be accurately segregated to explicit and implicit control processes. Methodology/Principal Findings We tested human subjects' ability to segregate sensorimotor signals to parallel control processes by requiring dual (explicit and implicit) control of the same reaching movement and testing for interference between these processes. Healthy control subjects were able to engage dual explicit and implicit motor control without degradation of performance compared to explicit or implicit control alone. We then asked whether segregation of explicit and implicit motor control can be selectively disrupted by studying dual-control performance in subjects with no clinically manifest neurologic deficits in the presymptomatic stage of Huntington's disease (HD). These subjects performed successfully under either explicit or implicit control alone, but were impaired in the dual-control condition. Conclusion/Significance The human nervous system can exert dual control on a single action, and is therefore able to accurately segregate sensorimotor signals to explicit and implicit control. The impairment observed in the presymptomatic stage of HD points to a possible crucial contribution of the striatum to the segregation of sensorimotor signals to multiple control processes.

Mazzoni, Pietro; Wexler, Nancy S.

2009-01-01

121

Conscious Processing of Sexual Information: Interference Caused by Sexual Primes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The concept Sexual Content-Induced Delay (SCID) refers to a hesitancy in decision making related to erotic material (Geer & Bellard, 1996; Geer & Melton, 1997). Empirical evidence about SCID stems from lexical decision tasks. Our previous studies also showed SCID effects in sex versus neutral categorization tasks in which pictures were used. In these tasks, recognition of sexual pictures is

Mark Spiering; Walter Everaerd; Bernet Elzinga

2002-01-01

122

Implicit and Explicit Instruction of Spelling Rules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The study aimed to compare the differential effectiveness of explicit and implicit instruction of two Dutch spelling rules. Students with and without spelling disabilities were instructed a spelling rule either implicitly or explicitly in two experiments. Effects were tested in a pretest-intervention-posttest control group design. Experiment 1…

Kemper, M. J.; Verhoeven, L.; Bosman, A. M. T.

2012-01-01

123

Thinking Styles in Implicit and Explicit Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study investigated whether individual differences in thinking styles influence explicit and implicit learning. Eighty-seven university students in China participated in this study. Results indicated that performance in the explicit learning condition was positively associated with Type I thinking styles (i.e. legislative and liberal styles)…

Xie, Qiuzhi; Gao, Xiangping; King, Ronnel B.

2013-01-01

124

Implicit and Explicit Exercise and Sedentary Identity  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|We examined the relationship between implicit and explicit "exerciser" and "sedentary" self-identity when activated by stereotypes. Undergraduate participants (N = 141) wrote essays about university students who either liked to exercise or engage in sedentary activities. This was followed by an implicit identity task and an explicit measure of…

Berry, Tanya R.; Strachan, Shaelyn M.

2012-01-01

125

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Explicit Instruction on Implicit and Explicit L2 Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of explicit instruction on second language (L2) learners' implicit and explicit knowledge of English. Explicit instruction on the generic and non-generic use of English articles was delivered by CALL activities. Four tasks assessed acquisition: elicited imitation, oral production, grammaticality judgement, and…

Akakura, Motoko

2012-01-01

126

SEXUAL OR FRIENDLY? ASSOCIATIONS ABOUT WOMEN, MEN, AND SELF  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using explicit, self-report measures, past research has found that heterosexual men, relative to heterosexual women, often attribute more sexuality to women's behaviors. In the present studies, the Implicit Association Test was used to determine if these findings held at the automatic processing level. The results of Study 1 were consistent with past research: Men, compared to women, had more sexual

Kristen P. Lindgren; Yuichi Shoda; William H. George

2007-01-01

127

Development and Psychometric Evaluation of the Interpersonal Sexual Objectification Scale  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study reports on the development and psychometric evaluation of the Interpersonal Sexual Objectification Scale (ISOS). Data from 576 college women were collected in three studies. Exploratory factor analysis uncovered two factors: Body Evaluation and Unwanted Explicit Sexual Advances; confirmatory factor analysis supported this factor…

Kozee, Holly B.; Tylka, Tracy L.; Augustus-Horvath, Casey L.; Denchik, Angela

2007-01-01

128

Effects of a Sexual Enhancement Workshop on Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-four undergraduate volunteers participated in a sexual enhancement workshop, designed to explore the emotional aspects of sex through the use of small group discussion and sexually explicit films. Results indicated that participants experienced significant change toward acceptance of masturbation and a lessening of sex-related anxiety. (SJL)

Fyfe, Bill

1979-01-01

129

Development of the acceptability of sexual media scale: Preliminary analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Production and sales of sexually explicit media are at an all-time high, with over 200 adult entertainment companies expected to have generated a combined income of $10 billion from American consumers this past year (Kroft, 2003). ^ Men scored higher than women on the general acceptability scale, suggesting that men were more accepting of sexual media than women. Additionally, men

Christopher Saenz

2004-01-01

130

Assessment of sexual preference using a choice reaction time task  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of a choice reaction time task, during which slides of sexually explicit and neutral stimuli were used as an interference task, to differentiate between groups of individuals on the basis of their sexual preference. Twenty subjects, in each of the four groups (heterosexual males, heterosexual females, homosexual males, and homosexual

Lester W. Wright; Henry E. Adams

1994-01-01

131

Overt sexuality in advertising: A discourse analysis of gender responses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent developments in advertising imagery often involve the use of overt sexuality. Consumer responses to advertisements using a range of sexual explicitness are explored using a discourse analytic approach. The dominant negative themes articulated across sex and age groups concerned the use of sex-role stereotypes and the objectification of women. Dominant positive themes shared by both sexes involved equality in

Richard Elliott; Abigail Jones; Andrew Benfield; Matt Barlow

1995-01-01

132

Understanding Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Chapter 3 provides readers with an explanation of the issues related to sexuality in schools. The first section defines sexual\\u000a orientation, behavior, and identity and several related terms that are important for education professionals to understand.\\u000a The second section explores contemporary youth sexualities and some of the various identities embraced by youth today. The\\u000a third section gives a brief history

Elizabeth J. Meyer

133

"Looking at the Real Thing": Young Men, Pornography, and Sexuality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the sexually explicit comments and references to pornography in young men's answers to a survey about sexuality education. Instead of viewing these remarks as simply impertinent and therefore discountable, I argue that they offer insights into the constitution of masculine identity and an erotic deficit in sexuality

Allen, Louisa

2006-01-01

134

“Looking at the Real Thing”: Young men, pornography, and sexuality education  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines the sexually explicit comments and references to pornography in young men's answers to a survey about sexuality education. Instead of viewing these remarks as simply impertinent and therefore discountable, I argue that they offer insights into the constitution of masculine identity and an erotic deficit in sexuality education. Many of these comments make requests for the inclusion

Louisa Allen

2006-01-01

135

"Looking at the Real Thing": Young Men, Pornography, and Sexuality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines the sexually explicit comments and references to pornography in young men's answers to a survey about sexuality education. Instead of viewing these remarks as simply impertinent and therefore discountable, I argue that they offer insights into the constitution of masculine identity and an erotic deficit in sexuality

Allen, Louisa

2006-01-01

136

Teaching Justice and Living Peace: Body, Sexuality, and Religious Education in Asian-American Communities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article examines sexuality, a null curriculum in Asian-American faith communities, and explores pedagogical strategies to move the sexuality discourse to the explicit curriculum. The article first describes the current discussion of sexuality in Asian-American communities, then it critically analyzes the Confucian notion of the body, which…

Lee, Boyung

2006-01-01

137

Sexual addictions.  

PubMed

The potential adverse consequences, personal distress, shame and guilt presented by patients who suffer from sexual addiction require a more in-depth understanding of the phenomenology and psychobiology of this disorder. Methods: A bibliographic review was conducted using MEDLINE and EBSCO databases with the following keywords: "sexual addiction," "hypersexuality," "compulsive sexual behavior," "behavioural addiction," "treatment," and "addiction." Results: Several conceptualizations of excessive nonparaphilic sexual disorder have been proposed based on the models of, respectively, obsessive compulsive disorder, impulse control disorder, out of control excessive sexual disorder, and addictive disorder. Despite the lack of robust scientific data, a number of clinical elements, such as the frequent preoccupation with this type of behavior, the time spent in sexual activities, the continuation of this behavior despite its negative consequences, the repeated and unsuccessful efforts made to reduce the behavior, are in favor of an addictive disorder. In addition there is a high comorbidity between excessive sexual behavior and other addictive behaviors. Conclusion: The phenomenology of excessive nonparaphilic sexual disorder favors its conceptualization as an addictive behavior, rather than an obsessive-compulsive, or an impulse control disorder. Moreover, the criteria that are quite close to those of addictive disorders were recently proposed for the future DSM-V in order to improve the characterization of this condition. Finally, controlled studies are warranted in order to establish clear guidelines for treatment of sexual addiction. PMID:20666699

Garcia, Frederico Duarte; Thibaut, Florence

2010-09-01

138

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... to experiences of sexual assault or repeated, threatening sexual harassment that a Veteran experienced during his or her ... sexual nature, battery of a sexual nature, or sexual harassment which occurred while the Veteran was serving on ...

139

Sexuality education in Russia: defining pleasure and danger for a fledgling democratic society.  

PubMed

Public health indicators have plummeted throughout Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union, with exponential increases in sexually transmitted diseases reported among this society's young adults. Newly developing sexuality education programs provide insights into the ways local health providers interpret such public health challenges and conceptualize the educational needs of Russian youth. Moreover, these initiatives reveal the impact of both Soviet-era discourses and more recent, international anti-abortion activism on contemporary thinking about sexual health matters. This article explores the implicit and sometimes explicit ways that sex education lectures are being driven by debates over the significance of the Soviet past and anxieties over the perceived chaos of current transformations. Drawing on material from lectures, fieldwork, and interviews with sex educators, I argue that sexuality education efforts reveal a persistent ambivalence between the hope to promote individual autonomy from state interests and the presumed need to control sexual expression and reproductive practices within an emerging moral economy of post-Soviet Russia. PMID:10459891

Rivkin-Fish, M

1999-09-01

140

Implicit and explicit exercise and sedentary identity.  

PubMed

We examined the relationship between implicit and explicit "exerciser" and "sedentary" self-identity when activated by stereotypes. Undergraduate participants (N = 141) wrote essays about university students who either liked to exercise or engage in sedentary activities. This was followed by an implicit identity task and an explicit measure of exercise self-identity. Results showed that implicit and explicit exerciser identities were not highly correlated. There were also no significant prime effects, but women showed greater implicit sedentary identity, whereas men showed greater implicit exercise identity. This research suggests that implicit exercise-related identity is a distinct construct from explicit exercise identity. The results also reflect responses to societal pressures for women to be thin and for men to be strong, when free of self-presentational bias. PMID:22978198

Berry, Tanya R; Strachan, Shaelyn M

2012-09-01

141

Depth Bounded Explicit-State Model Checking  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a We present algorithms to efficiently bound the depth of the state spaces explored by explicit-state model checkers. Given\\u000a a parameter k, our algorithms guarantee finding any violation of an invariant that is witnessed using a counterexample of length k or less from the initial state. Though depth bounding is natural with breadth-first search, explicit-state model checkers\\u000a are unable to use

Abhishek Udupa; Ankush Desai; Sriram Rajamani

2011-01-01

142

Sexual Harassment Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Jackson Library at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro offers an annotated, hypertext discussion of resources concerning sexual harassment. The recently updated site includes numerous links to federal government and military materials as well as to important Supreme Court decisions. Websites and documents from educational and institutional sources are also linked to and described. Some documents are in .pdf format.

143

Pornography and Sexual Aggression.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Pornography in America is a 4-8 billion dollar a year business. Society has long been concerned about the effects obscene material may have on its members. In particular, there are those who claim pornography and sexual aggression is a cause and effect re...

S. D. Van Horn

1991-01-01

144

Women's reactions to sexually aggressive mass media depictions.  

PubMed

This study examines the potential harm of sexually explicit and/or violent films to women viewers. More specifically, it investigates the idea that the visual media contribute to a cultural climate that is supportive of attitudes facilitating violence against women, diminish concern for female victims (desensitization), and have a negative impact on women's views of themselves. In this study, women viewed 1 film per day for 4 consecutive days from one of these 3 categories: 1) sexually explicit but nonviolent; 2) sexually explicit, sexually violent; and 3) mildly sexually explicit, graphically violent. They then served as jurors in a simulated rape trial. The study found that exposure to both types of violent stimuli produced desensitization and ratings of the stimuli as less degrading to women. Moreover, women exposed to the mildly sexually explicit, graphically violent images were less sensitive toward the victim in the rape trial compared with the other film viewers. However, no differences were found between the film groups and the no-exposure control group with regard to women¿s self-perception. PMID:12294812

Krafka, C; Linz, D; Donnerstein, E; Penrod, S

1997-04-01

145

Sexual prejudice.  

PubMed

Despite shifts toward greater acceptance in U.S. public opinion and policy, lesbian, gay, and bisexual people remain widely stigmatized. This article reviews empirical research on sexual prejudice, that is, heterosexuals' internalization of cultural stigma, manifested in the form of negative attitudes toward sexual minorities and same-sex desires and behaviors. After briefly reviewing measurement issues, we discuss linkages between sexual prejudice and religion, gender, sexuality, and related variables, and consider how the cultural institutions encompassing these domains create a social context within which individual expressions of prejudice can meet important psychological needs. These include needs for securing social acceptance, affirming values that are central to one's self-concept, and avoiding anxiety and other negative emotions associated with threats to self-esteem. We conclude by discussing factors that may motivate heterosexuals to reduce their own sexual prejudice, including intergroup contact, as well as avenues for future empirical inquiry. PMID:22994920

Herek, Gregory M; McLemore, Kevin A

2012-09-17

146

Evaluation of Sexual Function in Women with Overactive Bladder Syndrome  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Of late, little data is available concerning factors affecting female sexual function. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of overactive bladder (OAB) syndrome symptoms on female sexual function. Materials and Methods: 40 patients with OAB symptoms and 40 age-matched women as a control group were evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) for sexual function. According

Ilker Sen; Metin Onaran; Mustafa Ozgur Tan; Cenk Acar; Ahmet Camtosun; Sinan Sozen; Ibrahim Bozkirli

2007-01-01

147

Television Viewing and Adolescents' Sexual Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

Over the past two decades the sexual content on television has increased in frequency and explicitness but has seldom included depiction of the use of contraceptives. Concurrently, the age of initiation of heterosexual intercourse has decreased and the number of teenaged pregnancies has remained high. Are these trends related? This survey of 391 adolescents found that those who chose heavier

Jane D. Brown

1991-01-01

148

[Sexual perversions or sexual variations?].  

PubMed

Beyond the usual perversions Freud described and psychiatric nosography, some new sexual behaviours are nowadays coming to light, with a view to overstepping limits, and this in a mood for provoking, if not transgressing! As with classic perversions, the very play, the ambiguity with sexual difference, seems to be the very game and not the classic denial of this difference. PMID:15123102

Lachcar, P

2004-04-01

149

Teaching Justice and Living Peace: Body, Sexuality, and Religious Education in Asian-American Communities  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article examines sexuality, a null curriculum in Asian-American faith communities, and explores pedagogical strategies to move the sexuality discourse to the explicit curriculum. The article first describes the current discussion of sexuality in Asian-American communities, then it critically analyzes the Confucian notion of the body, which has far-reaching influence on Asian-American views about sexuality, including those of Christians. The

Boyung Lee

2006-01-01

150

Brain Networks of Explicit and Implicit Learning  

PubMed Central

Are explicit versus implicit learning mechanisms reflected in the brain as distinct neural structures, as previous research indicates, or are they distinguished by brain networks that involve overlapping systems with differential connectivity? In this functional MRI study we examined the neural correlates of explicit and implicit learning of artificial grammar sequences. Using effective connectivity analyses we found that brain networks of different connectivity underlie the two types of learning: while both processes involve activation in a set of cortical and subcortical structures, explicit learners engage a network that uses the insula as a key mediator whereas implicit learners evoke a direct frontal-striatal network. Individual differences in working memory also differentially impact the two types of sequence learning.

Yang, Jing; Li, Ping

2012-01-01

151

Spatially explicit analyses unveil density dependence.  

PubMed Central

Density-dependent processes are fundamental in the understanding of species population dynamics. Whereas the benefits of considering the spatial dimension in population biology are widely acknowledged, the implications of doing so for the statistical detection of spatial density dependence have not been examined. The outcome of traditional tests may therefore differ from those that include ecologically relevant locational information on both the prey species and natural enemy. Here, we explicitly incorporate spatial information on individual counts when testing for density dependence between an insect herbivore and its parasitoids. The spatially explicit approach used identified significant density dependence more frequently and in different instances than traditional methods. The form of density dependence detected also differed between methods. These results demonstrate that the explicit consideration of patch location in density-dependence analyses is likely to significantly alter current understanding of the prevalence and form of spatial density dependence in natural populations.

Veldtman, Ruan; McGeoch, Melodie A

2004-01-01

152

Explicitly computing geodetic coordinates from Cartesian coordinates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This paper presents a new form of quartic equation based on Lagrange's extremum law and a Groebner basis under the constraint that the geodetic height is the shortest distance between a given point and the reference ellipsoid. A very explicit and concise formulae of the quartic equation by Ferrari's line is found, which avoids the need of a good starting guess for iterative methods. A new explicit algorithm is then proposed to compute geodetic coordinates from Cartesian coordinates. The convergence region of the algorithm is investigated and the corresponding correct solution is given. Lastly, the algorithm is validated with numerical experiments.

Zeng, H.

2013-04-01

153

Sexual Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Homework assignments continue to be the most effective way of optimizing therapeutic gains in the treatment of sexual dysfunctions.\\u000a Some of the treatments for sexual dysfunctions, including the use of homework, have been scientifically supported. Other treatments\\u000a have been used with varying degrees of reported efficacy but have not been empirically validated. Nonetheless, sex therapy\\u000a homework typically involves a combination

Nancy Gambescia

154

Effect of sexual coercion proclivity, insult and fantasy on emotional reactivity and appeal of sexual aggression.  

PubMed

Fifty-nine heterosexual university males were assessed for Sexual Coercion Proclivity (SCP) and randomly assigned to one of three conditions: Insult/nonsexually coercive fantasy material; no insult/sexually coercive fantasy material; or, insult/sexually coercive fantasy material. Although not differing in terms of anger or anxiety, the high SCP became more frustrated than the low group, particularly when exposed to both insult and sexually coercive (SC) fantasy material. Changes in negative affect predicted anticipated likelihood of engaging in SC among the low SCP group and anticipated enjoyment of SC in the high SCP group. Acculturation accounted for differences observed between Caucasian and Chinese men. PMID:22892359

Thomas, Lindsey A; Gorzalka, Boris B

2012-08-14

155

Sexuality, contraception, and the media. Committee on Public Education.  

PubMed

Early sexual intercourse among American adolescents represents a major public health problem. Although early sexual activity may be caused by a variety of factors, the media are believed to play a significant role. In film, television, and music, sexual messages are becoming more explicit in dialogue, lyrics, and behavior. In addition, these messages contain unrealistic, inaccurate, and misleading information that young people accept as fact. Teens rank the media second only to school sex education programs as a leading source of information about sex. Recommendations are presented to help pediatricians address the effects of the media on sexual attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of their patients. PMID:11134460

2001-01-01

156

An explicit scheme for multifluid magnetohydrodynamics  

Microsoft Academic Search

When modelling astrophysical fluid flows, it is often appropriate to discard the canonical magnetohydrodynamic approximation, thereby freeing the magnetic field to diffuse with respect to the bulk velocity field. As a consequence, however, the induction equation can become problematic to solve via standard explicit techniques. In particular, the Hall diffusion term admits fast-moving whistler waves which can impose a vanishing

Stephen O'Sullivan; Turlough P. Downes

2006-01-01

157

Establishing Communication Systems without Explicit Meaning Transmission  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the development of experience-based meaning creation and explores the problem of establishing successful communication systems in a population of agents. The aim of the work is to investigate how such systems can develop, without reliance on phe- nomena not found in actual human language learning, such as the explicit transmission of meaning or the provision of reliable

Andrew D. M. Smith

2001-01-01

158

Spatially explicit non-Mendelian diploid model  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a spatially explicit model for the competition between type $a$ and type $b$ alleles. Each vertex of the $d$-dimensional integer lattice is occupied by a diploid individual, which is in one of three possible states or genotypes: $aa$, $ab$ or $bb$. We are interested in the long-term behavior of the gene frequencies when Mendel's law of segregation does

N. Lanchier; C. Neuhauser

2009-01-01

159

Explicit recursivity into reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thispaper presentsa methodologyto developrecursivefilters in reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces (RKHS). Unlike previous approaches that exploit the kernel trick on filtered and then mapped samples, we explicitly define model recursivity in the Hilbert space. The method exploits some properties of functionalanalysis and recursive computation of dot products without the need of pre-imaging. We illustrate the feasibility of the methodology in the

Devis Tuia; Gustavo Camps-Valls; Manel Martinez-Ramon

2011-01-01

160

Explicit Reflection in Prolog-Tutor  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper describes a reflection-based approach for open learner modeling (OLM). Tutoring dialogues are used by learners to explicitly reveal their own knowledge state to themselves. Dewey's theory of reflective thinking is used to create tutorial strategies which govern these dialogues. Drake's specification of critical thinking, associated to a defined set of skills, is used to define tutoring tactics implementing

Joséphine Tchétagni; Roger Nkambou; Jacqueline Bourdeau

2007-01-01

161

Explicit and Implicit Memory for Rotating Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although both the object and the observer often move in natural environments, the effect of motion on visual object recognition has not been well documented. The authors examined the effect of a reversal in the direction of rotation on both explicit and implicit memory for novel, 3-dimensional objects. Participants viewed a series of continuously rotating objects and later made either

Taosheng Liu; Lynn A. Cooper

2003-01-01

162

Sleep Enhances Explicit Recollection in Recognition Memory  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Recognition memory is considered to be supported by two different memory processes, i.e., the explicit recollection of information about a previous event and an implicit process of recognition based on a contextual sense of familiarity. Both types of memory supposedly rely on distinct memory systems. Sleep is known to enhance the consolidation of…

Drosopoulos, Spyridon; Wagner, Ullrich; Born, Jan

2005-01-01

163

ECO 202: Explicit Expressions of Ecological Protection  

EPA Science Inventory

A critical early step in conducting an ecological risk assessment is deciding explicitly which aspects of the environment will be selected for evaluation. This step is often challenging; for example, because of the remarkable diversity of species, ecological communities and ecol...

164

An Explicit Construction of Quantum Expanders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Quantum expanders are a natural generalization of classical expanders. These objects were introduced and studied by Ben-Aroya and Ta-Shma and by Hastings. In this note we show how to construct explicit, constant-degree quantum expanders. The construction is essentially the classical Zig-Zag expander construction, applied to quantum expanders.

Avraham Ben-Aroya; Oded Schwartz; Amnon Ta-Shma

2007-01-01

165

TCP: Error Handling with Explicit Notification Schemes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Wireless networks widely used in Internet nowadays have high error rates. Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) originally designed for wired links needs for improving its performance over wireless links. In other words congestion avoidance approach is not sufficient when packet losses in the wireless networks occur due to corruption. In this paper I describe the schemes namely Explicit Loss Notification Schemes

Andrei Khurri

166

Monsoon: An Explicit Token-Store Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dataflow architectures tolerate long unpredictable com- munication delays and support generation and coordi- nation of parallel activities directly in hardware, rather than assuming that program mapping will cause these issues to disappear. However, the proposed mecha- nisms are complex and introduce new mapping com- plications. This paper presents a greatly simplified ap- proach to dataflow execution, called the explicit token

Gregory M. Papadopoulos; David E. Culler

1990-01-01

167

Child Maltreatment Histories among Female Inmates Reporting Inmate on Inmate Sexual Victimization in Prison: The Mediating Role of Emotion Dysregulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Despite data indicating that child maltreatment (CM) in various forms is associated with adult sexual victimization among community women, few studies have explicitly explored how types of CM might relate to prison sexual victimization. Because little is known about "how" CM might give rise to prison sexual victimization, the present study also…

Walsh, Kate; Gonsalves, Valerie M.; Scalora, Mario J.; King, Steve; Hardyman, Patricia L.

2012-01-01

168

Healthy Aging -- Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... Healthy Aging This information in Spanish ( en español ) Sexual health More information on sexual health Many older women ... Protecting yourself Return to top More information on Sexual health Read more from womenshealth.gov Sexually Transmitted Infections ...

169

Menopause and Sexuality  

MedlinePLUS

... Home > Menopause > Menopause and sexuality Menopause Menopause and sexuality Did you know? If you still get your ... with your partner More information on menopause and sexuality Sexual issues and menopause In the years around ...

170

Dealing with Sexual Problems  

MedlinePLUS

... Physical Side Effects » Sexual Side Effects in Women » Sexuality for the Woman with Cancer » Dealing with sexual ... saved articles window. My Saved Articles » My ACS » Sexuality for the Woman With Cancer + - Text Size Download ...

171

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... ABOUT US PTSD Awareness Month Child Sexual Abuse Child Sexual Abuse Share this page Search PTSD Site Choose Section Enter Term and Search Advanced Search What is child sexual abuse? Child sexual abuse includes a wide range of ...

172

Synthetic Multifunctional Materials: Structure + ...  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

What are Synthetic Multifunctional Materials. Materials that are explicitly designed to realize multiple tasks. (Structure + power generation, + sensing, + self repair,) Inspiration Nature's materials (e.g., skin, bone): efficient, responsive, adaptable, ...

L. Christodoulou

2002-01-01

173

A comparative analysis of communication about sex, health and sexual health in India and South Africa: Implications for HIV prevention.  

PubMed

This paper provides a comparative analysis of modes of dialogue, non-verbal communication and embodied action relating to sex and health in two contrasting countries-India and South Africa-which have the world's two most heavily HIV-affected populations (in terms of numbers of people living with HIV). Drawing on material derived from multiple studies, including ethnographic and other forms of qualitative and multi-disciplinary research, the paper identifies commonalities as well as differences in communication relating to sex and sexual health in these diverse settings. The paper considers: first, how and by whom sex is and is not talked about, in public discourse and private conversation; second, how sexual intention and desire are communicated through indirect, non-verbal means in everyday life; and third, how references to sexuality and the sexual body re-enter within a more explicit set of indigenous discourses about health (rather than 'sexual health' per se), such as semen loss in India and womb 'dirtiness' in South Africa. The concluding section reflects on the implications of a comparative analysis such as this for current policy emphases on the importance of promoting verbal communication skills as part of 'life skills' for HIV prevention. PMID:16864220

Lambert, Helen; Wood, Kate

174

Sexual harassment of college students: implications for campus health promotion.  

PubMed

The authors examined students' perceptions, attitudes, and experiences of sexual harassment by faculty members at a state university, using a sample of 1,139 graduate and undergraduate students. Twenty-six percent (292) of those in the sample responded. The instrument used in the study, adapted from a survey previously used at the University of Iowa, operationally defined eight categories of behavior: sexist comments, undue attention, verbal sexual advances, body language, invitations, physical advances, explicit sexual propositions, and sexual bribery. As many as 8% of the respondents indicated they had experienced the three most extreme forms of harassment--physical advances, explicit sexual propositions, and sexual bribery. Although most students thought they would report sexual harassment, only three incidents of the most extreme forms of sexual harassment were actually reported. Those who experienced harassment indicated that it generally came from one rather than from several faculty members and that it came from both male and female faculty. Twenty-three percent of the men reported experiencing sexist comments, and 5 male students reported they had experienced at least one of the three most extreme forms of sexual harassment. Recommendations for policy revisions and campus health promotion programming that were made following the survey are discussed. PMID:8077521

Cleary, J S; Schmieler, C R; Parascenzo, L C; Ambrosio, N

1994-07-01

175

Sex Differences in Memory for Sexually-Relevant Information  

PubMed Central

The present study was conducted in an attempt to examine potential differences between men and women in memory for sexually relevant information. A total of 77 undergraduate students (31 men, 46 women) read a sexual story and completed memory tasks in response to the story. Based on previous research, we hypothesized that differences would exist between men and women for different types of sexual information and we hoped to understand whether specific variables (sexual experiences, sexual functioning, and reactions to the sexual story) could explain such differences. Men were more likely to remember erotic or explicit details of the story, whereas women were more likely to remember love and emotional bonding details of the story. Additionally, women were more likely to recall information referencing the characters in the story. Results from regression analyses indicated that sexual desire and satisfaction were related to differences in recall and recognition of the love and emotional bonding aspects of the story, and that frequency of sexual intercourse was related to differences in the recall of erotic or explicit details of the story. The significant results obtained in this study correspond to previously established sex differences in memory for sexual information.

McCall, Katie M.; Rellini, Alessandra H.; Seal, Brooke N.

2010-01-01

176

Sexual Education and Morality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Distinguishes five interpretations of sexual education including factual knowledge; self-control; stressing love; sexual training; and sexual morality. Suggests that sexual education should be understood as teaching children the moral tendencies relevant to sexual conduct. Argues that infantile sexual desire is based on a contradiction in terms…

Spiecker, Ben

1992-01-01

177

Adolescent Sexual Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adolescents are becoming sexually active at younger ages. One half of the adolescents in the United States are sexually active. This article reviews adolescent sexual activity, including rates of sexual activity, sexual practices, gay and lesbian youth, and factors affecting the initiation of sexual activity. In addition, adolescent pregnancy, with possible outcomes and effects on teen parents and their offspring,

Paula K. Braverman; Victor C. Strasburger

1993-01-01

178

Sexual Rehabilitation  

PubMed Central

Sexual rehabilitation begins with an awareness of the potential for sex difficulties following any disruption in health. A thorough sex-functioning history and an exploration of the patient's (and partner's) expectations, limitations and potentials will enable the professional to understand the reasons why sex activity has not resumed after illness, accident or surgery and to offer appropriate therapy. Acceptance, validation, appropriate reassurance, accurate information and specific suggestion: these forms of “sex therapy” fall within the capabilities of every family physician. When applied early in the course of an illness, such interventions will initiate the process of sexual rehabilitation and may well prevent more severe dysfunction.

Stevenson, R.W.D.

1986-01-01

179

Teleoperations with shared explicit contact force control  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper the development of a master-slave robotics system is presented. This development is part of a research project devoted to the intelligent automation of in-service inspection of welded seams in nuclear plants using non- destructive ultrasonic based techniques. The main feature of the system is a shared explicit control scheme of the contact force during the interaction of the end-effector with the remote environment. This unilateral master-slave operational scheme does not suffer from the drawbacks of the bilateral force reflection based implementation. Moreover it avoids the operator from damaging the remote manipulator during wrong maneuvers due to imperfect video feedback. The paper describes the control structure applied (belonging to the class of explicit force control) and the hardware-software architecture of the system. Experimental results are given on the Ansaldo Olasand manipulator.

Caiti, Andrea; Cannata, Giorgio; Casalino, Giuseppe; Reto, Simone

1997-12-01

180

Explicit Evidence on an Implicit Contract  

Microsoft Academic Search

We offer the first direct evidence of an implicit contract in a goods market. The evidence we offer comes from the market for Coca-Cola. We demonstrate that the Coca-Cola Company left a substantial amount of written evidence of its implicit contract with its consumers—a very explicit form of an implicit contract. In general, observing implicit contracts directly is difficult because

Andrew T. Young; Daniel Levy

2005-01-01

181

Explicit construction of new Moishezon twistor spaces  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we explicitly construct Moishezon twistor spaces on nCP^2 for arbitrary n>1 which admit a holomorphic C*-action. When n=2, they coincide with Y. Poon's twistor spaces. When n=3, they coincide with the one studied by the author in math.DG\\/0403528. When n>3, they are new twistor spaces, to the best of the author's knowledge. By investigating the anticanonical system,

Nobuhiro Honda

2007-01-01

182

A Survey on Explicit Model Predictive Control  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explicit model predictive control (MPC) addresses the problem of removing one of the main drawbacks of MPC, namely the need\\u000a to solve a mathematical program on line to compute the control action. This computation prevents the application of MPC in\\u000a several contexts, either because the computer technology needed to solve the optimization problem within the sampling time\\u000a is too expensive

Alessandro Alessio; Alberto Bemporad

183

Age effects on explicit and implicit memory.  

PubMed

It is well-documented that explicit memory (e.g., recognition) declines with age. In contrast, many argue that implicit memory (e.g., priming) is preserved in healthy aging. For example, priming on tasks such as perceptual identification is often not statistically different in groups of young and older adults. Such observations are commonly taken as evidence for distinct explicit and implicit learning/memory systems. In this article we discuss several lines of evidence that challenge this view. We describe how patterns of differential age-related decline may arise from differences in the ways in which the two forms of memory are commonly measured, and review recent research suggesting that under improved measurement methods, implicit memory is not age-invariant. Formal computational models are of considerable utility in revealing the nature of underlying systems. We report the results of applying single and multiple-systems models to data on age effects in implicit and explicit memory. Model comparison clearly favors the single-system view. Implications for the memory systems debate are discussed. PMID:24065942

Ward, Emma V; Berry, Christopher J; Shanks, David R

2013-09-23

184

Digital Spaces, Material Traces : Investigating the Performance of Gender, Sexuality, and Embodiment on Internet Platforms that feature User-Generated Content  

Microsoft Academic Search

As ever more social interaction and cultural production takes place in the networked digital spaces of the internet, it is crucial to develop an understanding of the ways in which gender and sexuality are articulated in these online practices. Through four comparative case studies, this dissertation demonstrates how various forms of user-generated content are employed in the digital performance of

Doorn van N. A. J. M

2010-01-01

185

Sexual selection: Another Darwinian process.  

PubMed

Why was sexual selection so important to Darwin? And why was it de-emphasized by almost all of Darwin's followers until the second half of the 20th century? These two questions shed light on the complexity of the scientific tradition named "Darwinism". Darwin's interest in sexual selection was almost as old as his discovery of the principle of natural selection. From the beginning, sexual selection was just another "natural means of selection", although different from standard "natural selection" in its mechanism. But it took Darwin 30 years to fully develop his theory, from the early notebooks to the 1871 book The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex. Although there is a remarkable continuity in his basic ideas about sexual selection, he emphasized increasingly the idea that sexual selection could oppose the action of natural selection and be non adaptive. In time, he also gave more weight to mate choice (especially female choice), giving explicit arguments in favor of psychological notions such as "choice" and "aesthetic sense". But he also argued that there was no strict demarcation line between natural and sexual selection, a major difficulty of the theory from the beginning. Female choice was the main reason why Alfred Russel Wallace, the co-discoverer of the principle of natural selection, engaged in a major controversy with Darwin about sexual selection. Wallace was suspicious about sexual selection in general, trying to minimize it by all sorts of arguments. And he denied entirely the existence of female choice, because he thought that it was both unnecessary and an anthropomorphic notion. This had something to do with his spiritualist convictions, but also with his conception of natural selection as a sufficient principle for the evolutionary explanation of all biological phenomena (except for the origin of mind). This is why Wallace proposed to redefine Darwinism in a way that excluded Darwin's principle of sexual selection. The main result of the Darwin-Wallace controversy was that most Darwinian biologists avoided the subject of sexual selection until at least the 1950s, Ronald Fisher being a major exception. This controversy still deserves attention from modern evolutionary biologists, because the modern approach inherits from both Darwin and Wallace. The modern approach tends to present sexual selection as a special aspect of the theory of natural selection, although it also recognizes the big difficulties resulting from the inevitable interaction between these two natural processes of selection. And contra Wallace, it considers mate choice as a major process that deserves a proper evolutionary treatment. The paper's conclusion explains why sexual selection can be taken as a test case for a proper assessment of "Darwinism" as a scientific tradition. Darwin's and Wallace's attitudes towards sexual selection reveal two different interpretations of the principle of natural selection: Wallace's had an environmentalist conception of natural selection, whereas Darwin was primarily sensitive to the element of competition involved in the intimate mechanism of any natural process of selection. Sexual selection, which can lack adaptive significance, reveals this exemplarily. PMID:20338530

Gayon, Jean

2010-02-07

186

Gender differences in sexual arousal and affective responses to erotica: the effects of type of film and fantasy instructions.  

PubMed

The present study examined men and women's sexual and affective responses to erotic film clips that were combined with different fantasy instructions. Men (n = 29) and women (n = 28) were presented with two types of erotic films (explicit vs. romantic) and two fantasy instructions (fantasizing about one's real-life partner vs. fantasizing about someone else). Genital response, subjective sexual arousal, and affective responses were assessed. Sexually explicit stimuli resulted in larger genital responses; women reported higher subjective sexual arousal than men; and fantasizing about one's partner resulted, overall, in higher subjective sexual arousal and higher levels of positive affect. Moreover, in women, the instruction to fantasize about one's partner resulted in stronger subjective sexual arousal to the explicit film than the instruction to fantasize about someone else. Results suggested that physiological, subjective, and affective responses to erotic film stimuli are impacted not only by stimulus characteristics but also by the viewer's interpretation of the depicted relationship. PMID:23519591

Carvalho, Joana; Gomes, Ana Quinta; Laja, Pedro; Oliveira, Cátia; Vilarinho, Sandra; Janssen, Erick; Nobre, Pedro

2013-03-22

187

On spatially explicit models of cholera epidemics.  

PubMed

We generalize a recently proposed model for cholera epidemics that accounts for local communities of susceptibles and infectives in a spatially explicit arrangement of nodes linked by networks having different topologies. The vehicle of infection (Vibrio cholerae) is transported through the network links that are thought of as hydrological connections among susceptible communities. The mathematical tools used are borrowed from general schemes of reactive transport on river networks acting as the environmental matrix for the circulation and mixing of waterborne pathogens. Using the diffusion approximation, we analytically derive the speed of propagation for travelling fronts of epidemics on regular lattices (either one-dimensional or two-dimensional) endowed with uniform population density. Power laws are found that relate the propagation speed to the diffusion coefficient and the basic reproduction number. We numerically obtain the related, slower speed of epidemic spreading for more complex, yet realistic river structures such as Peano networks and optimal channel networks. The analysis of the limit case of uniformly distributed population sizes proves instrumental in establishing the overall conditions for the relevance of spatially explicit models. To that extent, the ratio between spreading and disease outbreak time scales proves the crucial parameter. The relevance of our results lies in the major differences potentially arising between the predictions of spatially explicit models and traditional compartmental models of the susceptible-infected-recovered (SIR)-like type. Our results suggest that in many cases of real-life epidemiological interest, time scales of disease dynamics may trigger outbreaks that significantly depart from the predictions of compartmental models. PMID:19605400

Bertuzzo, E; Casagrandi, R; Gatto, M; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I; Rinaldo, A

2009-07-15

188

On spatially explicit models of cholera epidemics  

PubMed Central

We generalize a recently proposed model for cholera epidemics that accounts for local communities of susceptibles and infectives in a spatially explicit arrangement of nodes linked by networks having different topologies. The vehicle of infection (Vibrio cholerae) is transported through the network links that are thought of as hydrological connections among susceptible communities. The mathematical tools used are borrowed from general schemes of reactive transport on river networks acting as the environmental matrix for the circulation and mixing of waterborne pathogens. Using the diffusion approximation, we analytically derive the speed of propagation for travelling fronts of epidemics on regular lattices (either one-dimensional or two-dimensional) endowed with uniform population density. Power laws are found that relate the propagation speed to the diffusion coefficient and the basic reproduction number. We numerically obtain the related, slower speed of epidemic spreading for more complex, yet realistic river structures such as Peano networks and optimal channel networks. The analysis of the limit case of uniformly distributed population sizes proves instrumental in establishing the overall conditions for the relevance of spatially explicit models. To that extent, the ratio between spreading and disease outbreak time scales proves the crucial parameter. The relevance of our results lies in the major differences potentially arising between the predictions of spatially explicit models and traditional compartmental models of the susceptible–infected–recovered (SIR)-like type. Our results suggest that in many cases of real-life epidemiological interest, time scales of disease dynamics may trigger outbreaks that significantly depart from the predictions of compartmental models.

Bertuzzo, E.; Casagrandi, R.; Gatto, M.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.; Rinaldo, A.

2010-01-01

189

An approximate factorisation explicit method for CFD  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An approximate factorization explicit (AFE) algorithm for solving tridiagonal systems of equations iteratively on parallel processors is combined with a group finite element multigrid auxiliary potential solver for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations. In scalar mode one iteration of the AFE algorithm requires 2.5 times as many operations as a direct tridiagonal solver and typically four AFE iterations are required to achieve efficient convergence of the overall algorithm. Applied to a forward-facing corner flow and a ventilated room flow the auxiliary potential algorithm is only 2 to 3 times more expensive in scalar mode when based on the AFE algorithm rather than on a direct tridiagonal solver.

Fletcher, C. A. J.; Bain, J. G.

190

Explicit field realizations of W algebras  

SciTech Connect

The fact that certain nonlinear W{sub 2,s} algebras can be linearized by the inclusion of a spin-1 current can provide a simple way to realize W{sub 2,s} algebras from linear W{sub 1,2,s} algebras. In this paper, we first construct the explicit field realizations of linear W{sub 1,2,s} algebras with double scalar and double spinor, respectively. Then, after a change of basis, the realizations of W{sub 2,s} algebras are presented. The results show that all these realizations are Romans-type realizations.

Wei Shaowen; Liu Yuxiao; Ren Jirong [Institute of Theoretical Physics, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Zhang Lijie [Department of Physics, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444 (China)

2009-06-15

191

Higher linearizable mappings and their explicit integration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present results on linearizable mappings which can be obtained from discrete Painlevé equations associated with the affine Weyl groups E(1)8 and E(1)7 (hence the monicker ‘higher’) of the Sakai classification through limiting procedures. We derive their non-autonomous forms which involve an arbitrary function of the independent variable and present their explicit integration. We also obtain a relation between a sub-class of the mappings studied here and mappings of the Gambier type. We also show that the Gambier mappings, which are obtained as limits of discrete Painlevé equations, can be reduced to a single, ‘master’, form.

Ramani, A.; Grammaticos, B.; Tamizhmani, K. M.; Tamizhmani, T.

2013-02-01

192

Refinement of protein structures in explicit solvent  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a CPU efficient protocol\\u000afor refinement of protein structures in a thin\\u000alayer of explicit solvent and energy parameters with\\u000acompletely revised dihedral angle terms. Our approach\\u000ais suitable for protein structures determined\\u000aby theoretical (e.g., homology modeling or threading)\\u000aor experimental methods (e.g., NMR). In contrast\\u000ato other recently proposed refinement protocols,\\u000awe put a strong emphasis

Jens P. Linge; Mark A. Williams; Christian A. E. M. Spronk; Alexandre M. J. J. Bonvin; Michael Nilges

2003-01-01

193

Puberty and adolescent sexuality.  

PubMed

This article is part of a Special Issue "Puberty and Adolescence". Sexuality emerges as a major developmental element of puberty and the adolescent years that follow. However, connecting the sexuality that emerges with puberty and elements of adult sexuality is difficult because much adolescent sexuality research addresses the transition to partnered sexual behaviors (primarily coitus) and consequences such as unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. This review proposes a framework of an expanded understanding of puberty and adolescent sexuality from the perspective of four hallmarks of adult sexuality: sexual desire; sexual arousal; sexual behaviors; and, sexual function. This approach thus addresses important gaps in understanding of the ontogeny of sex and the continuum of sexuality development from adolescence through the adult lifespan. PMID:23998672

Fortenberry, J Dennis

2013-07-01

194

Sexual torture of political prisoners: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not much is known about the repressive use of sexuality against political prisoners. It is important to gain a better understanding of the trauma involved in sexual torture for treatment purposes. On the basis of clinical experience with refugees from the Middle East, North Africa, and Latin America, and the collection of mainly unpublished material on the subject, a theory

Inger Agger

1989-01-01

195

Sexuality and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes normal aspects of sexuality during the early years, including masturbation and children's fanciful sexual ideas. Presents inappropriately mature sexual knowledge as a danger sign of abuse. Discusses whether and what teachers/caregivers should tell children about sexuality, and notes the importance of teaching staff about sexual identity…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2000-01-01

196

Sexuality after breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer (BC) may affect three main domains of women's sexuality: sexual identity, sexual function and sexual relationship. Age, lymphedema, side-effects of surgery, radio-, chemo- and hormonotherapy, pregnancy-related problems, infertility, iatrogenic premature menopause, with its cohort of symptoms secondary to the chronic loss of estrogens on the brain, on the sensory organs, on the pathophysiology of sexual response and on

A. Graziottin; V. Rovei

2007-01-01

197

Sexual Picture Processing Interferes with Decision-Making Under Ambiguity.  

PubMed

Many people watch sexually arousing material on the Internet in order to receive sexual arousal and gratification. When browsing for sexual stimuli, individuals have to make several decisions, all possibly leading to positive or negative consequences. Decision-making research has shown that decisions under ambiguity are influenced by consequences received following earlier decisions. Sexual arousal might interfere with the decision-making process and should therefore lead to disadvantageous decision-making in the long run. In the current study, 82 heterosexual, male participants watched sexual pictures, rated them with respect to sexual arousal, and were asked to indicate their current level of sexual arousal before and following the sexual picture presentation. Afterwards, subjects performed one of two modified versions of the Iowa Gambling Task in which sexual pictures were displayed on the advantageous and neutral pictures on the disadvantageous card decks or vice versa (n = 41/n = 41). Results demonstrated an increase of sexual arousal following the sexual picture presentation. Decision-making performance was worse when sexual pictures were associated with disadvantageous card decks compared to performance when the sexual pictures were linked to the advantageous decks. Subjective sexual arousal moderated the relationship between task condition and decision-making performance. This study emphasized that sexual arousal interfered with decision-making, which may explain why some individuals experience negative consequences in the context of cybersex use. PMID:23733155

Laier, Christian; Pawlikowski, Mirko; Brand, Matthias

2013-06-01

198

Sexual Harassment and the Developing Sense of Self among Adolescent Girls.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presents findings from a national action study focusing on sexual harassment as it is experienced and understood by girls. Findings reveal that sexual harassment occurs in a highly public manner; is supported and condoned in subtle and explicit ways; and through its enactment, girls' sense of selves diminished. Discusses implications for…

Berman, Helene; Izumi, Janet; Arnold, Carrie Traher

2002-01-01

199

Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Violent and Sexually Degrading Depictions of Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we investigated the effects of emotional desensitization to films of violence against women and the effects of sexually degrading explicit and nonexplicit films on beliefs about rape and the sexual objectification of women. Male subjects viewed either two or five R-rated violent \\

Daniel G. Linz; Edward Donnerstein; Steven Penrod

1988-01-01

200

Sexual Health Curricula in U.S. Medical Schools: Current Educational Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Objective: The authors identify the explicit and implicit objectives that shape decisions about what medical schools teach regarding human sexuality. Methods: The authors reviewed relevant articles in journals, physician licensing examinations, and publications by professional organizations to identify learning objectives for human sexuality in…

Galletly, Carol; Lechuga, Julia; Layde, Joseph B.; Pinkerton, Steven

2010-01-01

201

Fetishism and sexual dysfunction: Clinical presentation and management  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses sexual fetishism as a factor contributing to sexual dysfunction. Help-seeking is triggered by the effects of the fetishistic desires and related behaviours on normal sexual functioning. The paper discusses the nature and management of these problems. Clinical case material is provided to illustrate some of the ways in which fetishism manifests as a clinical problem in this

P. DE Silva

1993-01-01

202

A cross national study of patterns of sexual behaviour  

Microsoft Academic Search

The global AIDS epidemic and the fact that HIV is sexually transmitted have highlighted the need for more information on patterns of human sexuality, especially with regard to high?risk practice and behaviours. Consequently, the World Health Organization's Global Programme on AIDS (in collaboration with Member States) has developed research materials that can be used to define dominant patterns of sexual

Manuel Carballo; John Cleland; Michel Carael; Gary Albrecht

1989-01-01

203

Understanding sexuality among Indian urban school adolescents  

PubMed Central

Context: Adolescence is a very exciting phase of life fraught with many challenges like sexuality. Understanding them is important in helping the adolescents grow up healthily. Aims: To ascertain the attitudes and knowledge about sexuality among school-going adolescents. Settings and Design: Students in two urban schools of an Indian city from class IX to XII were administered a self-reporting questionnaire on matters related to sexuality. Materials and Methods: Requisite ethical clearances were taken as also the consent of the parents and students before administration of the questionnaire. The authors clarified doubts to adolescents. Statistical analysis: Statistical package for social sciences. Results: The incidence of having sexual contact was 30.08% for boys and 17.18% for girls. 6.31% boys and 1.31% girls reported having had experienced sexual intercourse. Friends constituted the main sexual partners for both boys and girls. Sexual abuse had been reported by both girls and boys. These and other findings are discussed in the article. Conclusions: Adolescent school students are involved in sexual activity, but lack adequate knowledge in this regard. Students, teachers, and parents need to understand various aspects of sexuality to be able to help adolescents’ healthy sexual development.

Ramadugu, Shashikumar; Ryali, VSSR; Srivastava, K.; Bhat, P. S.; Prakash, J.

2011-01-01

204

Childhood sexual abuse, adolescent sexual behaviors and sexual revictimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) was associated with increased rates of sexual risk taking behaviors and sexual revictimization during adolescence.Method: A birth cohort of 520 New Zealand born young women was studied at regular intervals from birth to the age of 18. At age 18 retrospective

David M. Fergusson; L. John Horwood; Michael T. Lynskey

1997-01-01

205

Sexual function, sexual abuse and sexually transmitted diseases in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

As adolescents progress through puberty, many biological changes occur and, for young women, this includes the onset of menses and the capability for reproduction. During this time, sexual identity is developed and expressions of sexuality become more frequent. Adolescent women engage in a variety of sexual behaviours, both non-coital and coital. As teens begin dating relationships, they are at risk

Margaret J. Blythe

2003-01-01

206

Your Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... during treatment of a sexual problem? • Glossary Your Sexual Health 4. Sexual pain disorder What are desire problems? ... by women. A lack of desire before having sex is normal for some women. They may not ...

207

Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

MedlinePLUS

... of this website will be limited. Search Help? Sexually Transmitted Diseases Share this page: Was this page helpful? Overview | Related Pages Also known as: STDs; Sexually transmitted infections; STIs; Venereal diseases What are sexually transmitted diseases? ...

208

Sexual Dysfunction in Women  

MedlinePLUS

... also cause sexual dysfunction. You may have less sexual desire during pregnancy, right after childbirth or when you are breastfeeding. After menopause many women feel less sexual desire, have vaginal dryness or have pain during sex ...

209

Indirect Measures of Sexual Interest in Child Sex OffendersA Multimethod Approach  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although there is strong meta-analytical evidence that deviant sexual interest in children is a major risk factor for recidivism in child sex offenders, the assessment of deviant sexual interest with self-report or phallometric measures is problematic. As an alternative approach for assessment, the Explicit and Implicit Sexual Interest Profile (EISIP) is introduced. It features direct self-report and indirect latency-based measures

Rainer Banse; Alexander F. Schmidt; Jane Clarbour

2010-01-01

210

Web searching for sexual information: an exploratory study  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexuality on the Internet takes many forms and channels, including chat rooms discussions, accessing Websites or searching Web search engines for sexual materials. The study of Web sexual queries provides insight into sexual-related information-seeking behavior, of value to Web users and providers alike. We qualitatively analyzed 58,027 queries from a log of 1,025,910 Excite Web user queries from 1999. We

Amanda Spink; Huseyin Cenk Ozmutlu; Daniel P. Lorence

2004-01-01

211

Does Intensive Explicit Grammar Instruction Make All the Difference?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the effect of explicit grammar instruction on grammatical knowledge and writing proficiency in first-year students of French at a UK university. Previous research suggests that explicit grammar instruction results in gains in explicit knowledge and its application in specific grammar-related tasks, but there is less…

Macaro, Ernesto; Masterman, Liz

2006-01-01

212

Developmental Comparisons of Implicit and Explicit Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Conventional wisdom holds that children learn languages implicitly whereas older learners learn languages explicitly, and some have claimed that after puberty only explicit language learning is possible. However, older learners often receive more explicit instruction than child L2 learners, which may affect their learning strategies. This study…

Lichtman, Karen

2013-01-01

213

Explicit algebraic stress modelling of homogeneous and inhomogeneous flows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Capability of the explicit algebraic stress models to predict homogeneous and inhomogeneous shear flows are examined. The importance of the explicit solution of the production to dissipation ratio is first highlighted by examining the algebraic stress models performance at purely irrotational strain conditions. Turbulent recirculating flows within sudden expanding pipes are further simulated with explicit algebraic stress model and anisotropic

T. H. Chiu; L. K. Yeh; C. A. Lin; S. J. Chern

2005-01-01

214

Comparing explicit to generalized requesting in an augmentative communication mode  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study compared explicit to more generalized requesting strategies. Four adults with multiple disabilities were taught to request preferred objects by pointing to line drawings. Explicit requests were followed by access to a single specific item. Generalized requests were followed by access to any one of three related items. Percent of correct explicit and generalized requests were compared across

Jeff Sigafoos; Joe Reichle

1992-01-01

215

Sexuality after stroke: patient counseling preferences.  

PubMed

Abstract Purpose: Sexual dysfunction is common after stroke, but is frequently not addressed by healthcare providers. The aim of this study was to examine patient preferences for counseling related to sexuality post-stroke. Method: Two hundred and sixty-eight patients from a stroke registry were provided an anonymous paper or online survey. Thirty-eight patients responded and completed the survey. The survey included demographic information, and scales of sexual dysfunction, fatigue, depression and functional independence. In addition, we queried subjects about stroke-related sexual dysfunction and their preferences for counseling and education materials. Results: Most respondents (71%) identified sexuality as a moderately to very important issue in their post-stroke rehabilitation. Sexual dysfunction was common, with 47% of respondents indicating that their sexual function had declined since the stroke. Eighty-one percent reported receiving insufficient information about sexuality post-stroke, and the majority (60%) expressed a preference for receiving counseling regarding sexuality from a physician. A substantial portion (26.5%) of patients wanted to receive counseling prior to discharge from a hospital or rehabilitation center, with 71% wishing to receive counseling within 1 year post-stroke. Conclusions: Many stroke survivors experience sexual dysfunction and indicate a desire for additional information and counseling from healthcare providers. Preferences regarding the timing of such counseling vary, creating challenges for optimizing the delivery of this care. Implications for Stroke Rehabilitation Sexual dysfunction is common after stroke, but is frequently not addressed by healthcare providers. Many stroke survivors experience sexual dysfunction and indicate a desire for additional information and counseling from healthcare providers. Most stroke survivors identify sexuality as an important issue in their post-stroke rehabilitation. Exploring individual stroke survivor counseling preferences periodically over the course of recovery may be a useful strategy for delivering the desired information at the most appropriate time. PMID:23336118

Stein, Joel; Hillinger, Marni; Clancy, Cait; Bishop, Lauri

2013-01-22

216

DYNA3DREV5. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3DREV5 is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3DREV5 contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack Tuesday high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3DREV5 generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Wolery, T. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1991-05-01

217

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, and resultant plasticity. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack `Tuesday` high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Kennedy, T. [IBM Corporation, Armonk, NY (United States)

1989-05-01

218

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack Tuesday high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Chu, R.; Amakai, M.; Lung, H.C.; Ishigai, T. [Fujitsu Systems Business of America Inc., Santa Clara, CA (United States)

1989-05-01

219

Explicit filtering based LES of turbulent combustion  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Large eddy simulation (LES) of turbulent combustion relies on accurate characterization of small-scale scalar dissipation rate and scalar variance. Subfilter models for these quantities are based on filter-scale gradients. In practical LES computations, the implicit filtering approach inextricably links the filter width to the computational mesh. Since numerical errors are highest at scales comparable to the mesh size, numerical errors severely contaminate the evaluation of important subfilter quantities. Here, an explicit filtering approach is developed for conserved scalar-based combustion applications, which allows the mesh to be varied independently of the filter size. Using both homogeneous and jet-type flows, the practical issues in such implementations are examined. In particular, the need for non-invertible filtering techniques is discussed.

Heye, Colin; Kaul, Colleen M.; Raman, Venkat

2011-11-01

220

Explicit risk in acute coronary syndrome management  

PubMed Central

At least implicitly, most clinical decisions represent an integration of disease and treatment-based risk assessments. Often, as is the case with acute coronary syndrome (ACS), these decisions need to be made quickly at a time when data elements are limited, and published risk models are very useful in clarifying time-dependent determinants of risk. The present review emphasizes the value of explicit risk assessment and reinforces the fact that patients at highest risk are often those most likely to benefit from newer and more invasive therapies. Suggested ways to incorporate published ACS risk models into clinical practice are included. In addition, the need to adopt a longer-term view of risk in ACS patients is stressed, with particular regard to the important role of heart failure prediction and treatment.

Knudtson, Merril L; Norris, Colleen M; Galbraith, P Diane; Hubacek, Jaro; Ghali, William A

2009-01-01

221

Sexuality and chronic illness.  

PubMed

HOW TO OBTAIN CONTACT HOURS BY READING THIS ARTICLE INSTRUCTIONS 1.2 contact hours will be awarded by Villanova University College of Nursing upon successful completion of this activity. A contact hour is a unit of measurement that denotes 60 minutes of an organized learning activity. This is a learner-based activity. Villanova University College of Nursing does not require submission of your answers to the quiz. A contact hour certificate will be awarded once you register, pay the registration fee, and complete the evaluation form online at https://villanova.gosignmeup.com/dev_students.asp?action=browse&main=Nursing+Journals&misc=564. To obtain contact hours you must: 1. Read the article, "Sexuality and Chronic Illness" found on pages 18-27, carefully noting any tables and other illustrative materials that are included to enhance your knowledge and understanding of the content. Be sure to keep track of the amount of time (number of minutes) you spend reading the article and completing the quiz. 2. Read and answer each question on the quiz. After completing all of the questions, compare your answers to those provided within this issue. If you have incorrect answers, return to the article for further study. 3. Go to the Villanova website listed above to register for contact hour credit. You will be asked to provide your name; contact information; and a VISA, MasterCard, or Discover card number for payment of the $20.00 fee. Once you complete the online evaluation, a certificate will be automatically generated. This activity is valid for continuing education credit until October 31, 2015. CONTACT HOURS This activity is co-provided by Villanova University College of Nursing and SLACK Incorporated. Villanova University College of Nursing is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation. ACTIVITY OBJECTIVES 1. Identify the sexual concerns and counseling needs of those with a chronic disease diagnosis related to cardiovascular conditions, pulmonary disorders, and cancer. 2. Describe at least four specific sexual counseling strategies and two psychological concerns of patients and/or partners regarding sexuality. DISCLOSURE STATEMENT Neither the planners nor the author have any conflicts of interest to disclose. Sexual function is often affected in individuals living with chronic illness and their partners, and multiple comorbidities increase the likelihood of sexual dysfunction. This review focuses on the areas of cardiovascular disease, respiratory conditions, and cancer, all areas for which there are practical, evidence-based strategies to guide sexual counseling. Although nurses have been reluctant to address the topic of sexuality in practice, a growing number of studies suggest that patients want nurses to address their concerns and provide resources to them. Thus, nurses must be proactive in initiating conversations on sexual issues to fill this gap in practice. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 39(11), 18-27.]. PMID:24066783

Steinke, Elaine E

2013-09-24

222

The law hath not been dead: protecting adults with mental retardation from sexual abuse and violation of their sexual freedom.  

PubMed

The extent to which three professional groups (law enforcement officers, licensing personnel, and sex educators/counselors) utilize legally relevant criteria when assessing the sexual abuse of an adult with mental retardation was examined. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions that varied in terms of the ability of a woman with mental retardation to understand concepts involving the nature and consequences and right of volition in a sexual relationship. The results indicated significant effects for both treatment condition and group. Thus, more explicit, standardized criteria should be developed for professionals to utilize when assessing consent involving possible sexual abuse of adults with mental retardation. PMID:7565149

Parker, T; Abramson, P R

1995-08-01

223

Thoreau's sexuality.  

PubMed

Although Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) has often been described as lacking in sexual drive or at most a rather reluctant heterosexual, a close study of his life and writings indicates the presence of a pronounced vein of homoeroticism--although there seems to be no concrete evidence of any homosexual activity on his part. Cognizance of that homoeroticism helps one to understand many elements of his life and writings and suggests that his intense love of nature may have resulted from sublimation of that homoeroticism. PMID:1880400

Harding, W

1991-01-01

224

Sexually Transmitted Infections in Tehran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain a public health problem of major significance in most parts of the world. This study aimed to detect the most prevalent pathogens in patients with signs and symptoms of STI referring to a group of university clinics in Tehran. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study using randomized cluster sampling, 507 consecutive male and

Maryam Afrakhteh; Hadi Beyhaghi; Afshin Moradi; Seyed Jalil Hosseini; Atossa Mahdavi; Shahrzad Zadeh Modarres; Zahra Zonoobi; Homeyra Masoomi

2008-01-01

225

REPORT OF THE INTERNATIONAL CONSENSUS DEVELOPMENT CONFERENCE ON FEMALE SEXUAL DYSFUNCTION: DEFINITIONS AND CLASSIFICATIONS  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose: Female sexual dysfunction is highly prevalent but not well defined or understood. We evaluated and revised existing definitions and classifications of female sexual dysfunction. Materials and Methods: An interdisciplinary consensus conference panel consisting of 19 experts in female sexual dysfunction selected from 5 countries was convened by the Sexual Function Health Council of the American Foundation for Urologic Disease.

ROSEMARY BASSON; JENNIFER BERMAN; ARTHUR BURNETT; LEONARD DEROGATIS; DAVID FERGUSON; JEAN FOURCROY; IRWIN GOLDSTEIN; ALESSANDRA GRAZIOTTIN; JULIA HEIMAN; ELLEN LAAN; SANDRA LEIBLUM; HARIN PADMA-NATHAN; RAYMOND ROSEN; KATHLEEN SEGRAVES; R. TAYLOR SEGRAVES; RIDWAN SHABSIGH; MARCALEE SIPSKI; GORM WAGNER; BEVERLY WHIPPLE

2000-01-01

226

Exploring the social and sexual “reality” of contemporary pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the social roles assumed by men and women in contemporary sexually explicit movies, and in what contexts are their actions portrayed? Perhaps more important, have the predominant themes of pornography shifted in response to the public scrutiny and criticism popular in the mid?1980s? In this investigation we addressed these questions using a random sample of 50 pornographic videotapes

James B. Weaver III; Joachim F. Staab

1993-01-01

227

Sexual or Friendly? Associations about Women, Men, and Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Using explicit, self-report measures, past research has found that heterosexual men, relative to heterosexual women, often attribute more sexuality to women's behaviors. In the present studies, the Implicit Association Test was used to determine if these findings held at the automatic processing level. The results of Study 1 were consistent with…

Lindgren, Kristen P.; Shoda, Yuichi; George, William H.

2007-01-01

228

More sugar?Teenage magazines, gender displays and sexual learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Teenage magazines such as More' and Sugar have been the subject of some controversy in Britain recently. Media attention has indicated that such magazines are too sexually explicit for young women and one Member of Parliament declared that the magazines 'rob girls of their innocence'. This paper will look at the ways in which magazines aimed at an adolescent female

Mary Jane Kehily

1999-01-01

229

Dissociation of explicit and implicit long-term memory consolidation in semantic dementia: A case study  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report a case study of a semantic dementia patient, whose episodic memory consolidation was tested over a 2-month period. The results reveal that despite early retention of information, the patient lost all explicit information of the newly learnt material after 2 weeks. By contrast, he retained implicit word information even after a 4-week delay. These findings highlight the critical

S. Tu; E. Mioshi; S. Savage; J. R. Hodges; M. Hornberger

2012-01-01

230

Educational Researchers' Personal Explicit Theories on Creativity and Its Development: A Qualitative Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The aim of this paper is to investigate implicit theories of educational researchers on creativity and the potential to support creativity in schools. We used qualitative thematic analysis of material produced by 27 educational experts from Serbia. Personal explicit theories about manifestations of creativity are mainly based on qualities and…

Maksic, Slavica; Pavlovic, Jelena

2011-01-01

231

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Misperceiving a woman's platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women's sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to

Coreen Farris; Teresa A. Treat; Richard J. Viken; Richard M. McFall

2008-01-01

232

Sexuality and mass media: The historical context of psychology's reaction to sexuality on the internet  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the Internet is a relatively new technology, many concerns regarding it are not new. This applies to preoccupation with the transmission of sexual material and information over the Internet. In this analysis, we will examine a recurring pattern of scientific concern regarding sexuality in the media. Furthermore, we will discuss some overarching theories that help us to understand the

Steven E. Stern; Alysia D. Handel

2001-01-01

233

The Sexuality of Childhood Sexual Abuse Survivors  

PubMed Central

In this grounded theory study, a theoretical framework that depicts the process by which childhood sexual abuse (CSA) influences the sexuality of women and men survivors was constructed. Data were drawn from interview transcripts of 95 men and women who experienced CSA. Using constant comparison analysis, the researchers determined that the central phenomenon of the data was a process labeled Determining My Sexual Being, in which survivors moved from grappling with questions related to the nature, cause, and sexual effects of the abuse to laying claim to their own sexuality. Clinical implications are discussed.

Roller, Cynthia; Martsolf, Donna S; Draucker, Claire Burke; Ross, Ratchneewan

2011-01-01

234

Explicit Information Reduces Discounting Behavior in Monkeys  

PubMed Central

Animals are notoriously impulsive in common laboratory experiments, preferring smaller, sooner rewards to larger, delayed rewards even when this reduces average reward rates. By contrast, the same animals often engage in natural behaviors that require extreme patience, such as food caching, stalking prey, and traveling long distances to high-quality food sites. One possible explanation for this discrepancy is that standard laboratory delay discounting tasks artificially inflate impulsivity by subverting animals’ common learning strategies. To test this idea, we examined choices made by rhesus macaques in two variants of a standard delay discounting task. In the conventional variant, post-reward delays were uncued and adjusted to render total trial length constant; in the second, all delays were cued explicitly. We found that measured discounting was significantly reduced in the cued task, with discount parameters well below those reported in studies using the standard uncued design. When monkeys had complete information, their decisions were more consistent with a strategy of reward rate maximization. These results indicate that monkeys, and perhaps other animals, are more patient than is normally assumed, and that laboratory measures of delay discounting may overstate impulsivity.

Pearson, John M.; Hayden, Benjamin Y.; Platt, Michael L.

2010-01-01

235

Development of explicit criteria for cholecystectomy  

PubMed Central

Objective: Consensus development techniques were used in the late 1980s to create explicit criteria for the appropriateness of cholecystectomy. New diagnostic and treatment techniques have been developed in the last decade, so an updated appropriateness of indications tool was developed for cholecystectomy in patients with non-malignant diseases. The validity and reliability of panel results using this tool were tested. Methods: Criteria were developed using a modified Delphi panel judgement process. The level of agreement between the panellists (six gastroenterologists and six surgeons) was analysed and the ratings were compared with those of a second different panel using weighted kappa statistics. Results: The results of the main panel were presented as a decision tree. Of the 210 scenarios evaluated by the main panel in the second round, 51% were found appropriate, 26% uncertain, and 23% inappropriate. Agreement was achieved in 54% of the scenarios and disagreement in 3%. Although the gastroenterologists tended to score fewer scenarios as appropriate, as a group they did not differ from the surgeons. Comparison of the ratings of the main panel with those of a second panel resulted in a weighted kappa statistic of 0.75. Conclusions: The parameters tested showed acceptable validity and reliability results for an evaluation tool. These results support the use of this algorithm as a screening tool for assessing the appropriateness of cholecystectomy.

Quintana, J; Cabriada, J; d Lopez; Varona, M; Oribe, V; Barrios, B; Arostegui, I; Bilbao, A

2002-01-01

236

Adolescents’ sexual media diets  

Microsoft Academic Search

A model of how adolescents choose, interpret, and interact with the mass media is discussed in the context of sexual development. The Media Practice Model suggests that adolescents select and react to sexual media diets that speak to an emerging sense of themselves as sexual human beings. Relatively little is known about how the sexual content adolescents attend to in

Jane D Brown

2000-01-01

237

Alcohol and Sexual Assault  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conservative estimates of sexual assault prevalence suggest that 25 percent of American women have experienced sexual assault, including rape. Approximately one-half of those cases involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator, victim, or both. Alcohol contributes to sexual assault through multiple pathways, often exacerbating existing risk factors. Beliefs about alcohol's effects on sexual and aggressive behavior, stereotypes about drinking women, and

Antonia Abbey; Tina Zawacki; Philip O. Buck; A. Monique Clinton; Pam McAuslan

2001-01-01

238

Sexual Harassment in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Three situations of sexual harassment, typical of the complaints received by various departments and offices on all Indiana University campuses, are presented. According to the National Advisory Council on Women's Educational Programs, "academic sexual harassment is the use of authority to emphasize the sexuality or sexual identity of a student…

Brooks, Nancy A.

1988-01-01

239

Addressing Sexual Harassment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This article discusses ways on how to address the problem of sexual harassment in schools. Sexual harassment--simply defined as any unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior--is a sensitive topic. Merely providing students, parents, and staff members with information about the school's sexual harassment policy is insufficient; schools must take…

Young, Ellie L.; Ashbaker, Betty Y.

2008-01-01

240

Sexual addiction and clergy  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article the concept of sexual addiction is defined and briefly illustrated. It is argued that this is a viable concept for understanding the sexual misconduct, including abusive and exploitive activity, of some clergy. The author believes that sexual addiction becomes intertwined with the role of pastor to form the identity of the sexually addicted clergy. A typology of

Mark R. Laaser

1991-01-01

241

Sexuality and Gynecological Care  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This chapter considers concepts of sexuality and gynecological care for children and adolescents with neurodevelopmental disabilities.\\u000a Issues reviewed include normal human sexuality, sexuality education, sexual abuse, contraception, gynecological care, and\\u000a sexual dysfunction. It is important for all children and youth including those with disabilities to have access to such important\\u000a education and health care. All humans deserve optimum quality of

Donald E. Greydanus; Hatim A. Omar

242

Women, Alcohol, and Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol consumption increases subjective sexual desire, arousal, and pleasure for many women, although it lowers physiological\\u000a arousal. Despite the general belief that alcohol disinhibits female sexual behaviors, alcohol leads to changes in sexual behavior\\u000a only for a minority of women. Expectancies about the effects of alcohol on sexual behavior may be important mediators of the\\u000a alcohol-sexual behavior linkage. There also

Linda J. Beckman; Kimberly T. Ackerman

243

Ethical issues in therapy: therapist self-disclosure of sexual feelings.  

PubMed

Although therapist sexual attraction to clients is common, and therapist self-disclosure is an often-used intervention, therapist self-disclosure of sexual feelings to clients is an understudied phenomenon. In this article, I critically review the small base of literature on therapist self-disclosure of sexual feelings, including information on prevalence rates, empirical research, and case studies. By incorporating these findings with information from relevant sections of the American Psychological Association (2002) Ethics Code, my intent is to evaluate different aspects of therapist self-disclosure of sexual feelings and arrive at conclusions regarding therapists' use of these disclosures. It appears that direct, explicit disclosure of sexual feelings can run the risk of harming clients and may therefore be unethical. Therefore, the use of this technique is discouraged. I discuss the issue of using less explicit interventions. PMID:15835034

Fisher, Craig D

2004-01-01

244

Spatially explicit methane inventory for Switzerland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatially explicit greenhouse gas inventories are gaining in importance as a tool for policy makers to plan and control mitigation measures, and are a required input for atmospheric models used to relate atmospheric concentration measurements with upstream sources. In order to represent the high spatial heterogeneity in Switzerland, we compiled the national methane inventory into a 500 m x 500 m cadaster. In addition to the anthropogenic emissions reported to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), we also included natural and semi-natural methane fluxes, i.e., emissions from lakes and reservoirs, wetlands, wild animals as well as forest uptake. Methane emissions were disaggregated according to geostatistical information about source location and extent. In Switzerland, highest methane emissions originate from the agricultural sector (152 Gg CH4 yr-1), followed by emissions from waste management (16 Gg CH4 yr-1) with highest contributions from landfills, and the energy sector (13 Gg CH4 yr-1) with highest contributions from the distribution of natural gas. Natural and semi-natural emissions only add a small amount (< 5%) to the total Swiss emissions. For validation, the bottom-up inventory was evaluated against methane concentrations measured from a small research aircraft (METAIR-DIMO) above the Swiss Plateau on 18 different days from May 2009 to August 2010 over. Source sensitivities of the air measured were determined by backward runs of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART-COSMO. Source sensitivities were multiplied with the methane inventory to derive simulated methane concentration time series. While the pattern of the variations can be reproduced well for some flight days (correlation coefficient up to 0.75), the amplitude of the variations for the simulated time series is underestimated by at least 20% suggesting an underestimation of CH4 emissions by the inventory, which is also concluded from inverse estimation using a Bayesian approach.

Hiller, Rebecca; Bretscher, Daniel; DelSontro, Tonya; Eugster, Werner; Henne, Stephan; Henneberger, Ruth; Künzle, Thomas; Merbold, Lutz; Neininger, Bruno; Schellenberger, Andreas; Schroth, Martin; Buchmann, Nina; Brunner1, Dominik

2013-04-01

245

Dynamical dark matter. II. An explicit model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a recent paper [K. R. Dienes and B. Thomas, Phys. Rev. DPRVDAQ1550-7998 85, 083523 (2012).], we introduced “dynamical dark matter,” a new framework for dark-matter physics, and outlined its underlying theoretical principles and phenomenological possibilities. Unlike most traditional approaches to the dark-matter problem which hypothesize the existence of one or more stable dark-matter particles, our dynamical dark-matter framework is characterized by the fact that the requirement of stability is replaced by a delicate balancing between cosmological abundances and lifetimes across a vast ensemble of individual dark-matter components. This setup therefore collectively produces a time-varying cosmological dark-matter abundance, and the different dark-matter components can interact and decay throughout the current epoch. While the goal of our previous paper was to introduce the broad theoretical aspects of this framework, the purpose of the current paper is to provide an explicit model of dynamical dark matter and demonstrate that this model satisfies all collider, astrophysical, and cosmological constraints. The results of this paper therefore constitute an “existence proof” of the phenomenological viability of our overall dynamical dark-matter framework, and demonstrate that dynamical dark matter is indeed a viable alternative to the traditional paradigm of dark-matter physics. Dynamical dark matter must therefore be considered alongside other approaches to the dark-matter problem, particularly in scenarios involving large extra dimensions or string theory in which there exist large numbers of particles which are neutral under standard-model symmetries.

Dienes, Keith R.; Thomas, Brooks

2012-04-01

246

Sexuality and Islam.  

PubMed

This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. PMID:20441406

Dialmy, Abdessamad

2010-06-01

247

A literature review of the sexual health of women with rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

Sexual health problems are common for women with Rheumatoid Arthritis, RA. Sexual health is covered in the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) by two different fields: sexual function and intimate relationships, which are included in the ICF core sets for RA. Most patients with RA are female, and there are differences concerning sexual health between women and men with RA.The aim of this study was to explore the literature concerning the effects of RA on the sexual health of female patients, and also recommend solutions to improve the sexual health of women with RA.Sexual health problems can occur before, during and after sexual activities, and can affect women's sexual health in different perspectives. The investigated areas concerning female RA-patients and sexual are general sexual problems, sexual satisfaction, sexual desire, sexual performance, and sexual functioning. RA affects sexual health as a result of pain, reduced joint mobility, fatigue, depression and body image alterations. The investigated material provides few solutions to sexual health problems of female RA-patients. The most commonly mentioned solution is increased information and communication between health professionals and patients. Some of the studies recommend physiotherapy. Further research is needed to understand which types of intervention can help women with RA to improve their sexual health. PMID:19242923

Areskoug-Josefsson, Kristina; Oberg, Ulrika

2009-12-01

248

The Development of Sexual Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Examines traditional sexual orientation theories, cultural understandings of sexuality, and the emergence of queer theory. Discusses how sexual identity can open new learning pathways for adults. (SK)|

Edwards, Kathleen; Brooks, Ann K.

1999-01-01

249

Diazepam induces a dissociation between explicit and implicit memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of 0.2 mg\\/kg orally administered diazepam and of a placebo on explicit memory, implicit and knowledge memory were assessed using a free recall task, a word-stem completion task and two category-generation tasks. Twenty four healthy volunteers took part in this double-blind study. Diazepam impaired explicit but not implicit memory. The drug also spared knowledge memory. Explicit memory was

Jean-Marie Danion; Maric-Agathe Zimmermann; Dominique Willard-Schroeder; Danielle Grangé; Léonard Singer

1989-01-01

250

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity, closed form update shell plasticity, and Frazer-Nash rubber model. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack Tuesday high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Whirley, R.G.; Englemann, B.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1993-11-01

251

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity, closed form update shell plasticity, and Frazer-Nash rubber model. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack Tuesday high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Whirley, R.G.; Englemann, B.E. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States))

1993-11-30

252

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-D Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity, closed form update shell plasticity, and Frazer-Nash rubber model. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack `Tuesday` high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Whirley, R.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1989-05-01

253

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-D Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity, closed form update shell plasticity, and Frazer-Nash rubber model. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack `Tuesday` high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Whirley, R.G.; Englemann, B.E. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1993-11-01

254

DYNA3D; Explicit 3-d Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity, closed form update shell plasticity, and Frazer-Nash rubber model. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack Tuesday high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Whirley, R.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1989-05-01

255

DYNA3D. Explicit 3-D Hydrodynamic FEM Program  

SciTech Connect

DYNA3D is an explicit, three-dimensional, finite element program for analyzing the large deformation dynamic response of inelastic solids and structures. DYNA3D contains 30 material models and 10 equations of state (EOS) to cover a wide range of material behavior. The material models implemented are: elastic, orthotropic elastic, kinematic/isotropic plasticity, thermoelastoplastic, soil and crushable foam, linear viscoelastic, Blatz-Ko rubber, high explosive burn, hydrodynamic without deviatoric stresses, elastoplastic hydrodynamic, temperature-dependent elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic, isotropic elastoplastic with failure, soil and crushable foam with failure, Johnson/Cook plasticity model, pseudo TENSOR geological model, elastoplastic with fracture, power law isotropic plasticity, strain rate dependent plasticity, rigid, thermal orthotropic, composite damage model, thermal orthotropic with 12 curves, piecewise linear isotropic plasticity, inviscid two invariant geologic cap, orthotropic crushable model, Moonsy-Rivlin rubber, resultant plasticity, closed form update shell plasticity, and Frazer-Nash rubber model. The hydrodynamic material models determine only the deviatoric stresses. Pressure is determined by one of 10 equations of state including linear polynomial, JWL high explosive, Sack Tuesday high explosive, Gruneisen, ratio of polynomials, linear polynomial with energy deposition, ignition and growth of reaction in HE, tabulated compaction, tabulated, and TENSOR pore collapse. DYNA3D generates three binary output databases. One contains information for complete states at infrequent intervals; 50 to 100 states is typical. The second contains information for a subset of nodes and elements at frequent intervals; 1,000 to 10,000 states is typical. The last contains interface data for contact surfaces.

Whirley, R.G. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)

1989-05-01

256

Sexual narcissism and the perpetration of sexual aggression.  

PubMed

Despite indirect evidence linking narcissism to sexual aggression, studies directly examining this relationship have yielded inconsistent results. Likely contributing to such inconsistencies, prior research has used global measures of narcissism not sensitive to whether the components of narcissism are activated in sexual versus non-sexual domains. The current research avoided such problems by using a measure of sexual narcissism to predict sexual aggression. In a sample of 299 men and women, Study 1 validated the Sexual Narcissism Scale, a new sexuality research instrument with four subscales-Sexual Exploitation, Sexual Entitlement, Low Sexual Empathy, and Sexual Skill. Then, in a sample of 378 men, Study 2 demonstrated that sexual narcissism was associated with reports of the frequency of sexual aggression, three specific types of sexual aggression (unwanted sexual contact, sexual coercion, and attempted/completed rape), and the likelihood of future sexual aggression. Notably, global narcissism was unrelated to all indices of sexual aggression when sexual narcissism was controlled. That sexual narcissism outperformed global assessments of narcissism to account for variance in sexual aggression suggests that future research may benefit by examining whether sexual narcissism and other sexual-situation-specific measurements of personality can similarly provide a more valid test of the association between personality and other sexual behaviors and outcomes (e.g., contraceptive use, infidelity, sexual satisfaction). PMID:19130204

Widman, Laura; McNulty, James K

2009-01-07

257

Inappropriate sexual behavior.  

PubMed

Inappropriate sexual behavior, or sexually aggressive behavior, is a term which encompasses a variety of behaviors, including obscene gesturing, touching or hugging another person, exposing body parts or disrobing, and masturbating in public. Inappropriate sexual behavior often elicits feelings of anxiety, embarrassment, or unease in the caregiver and the result is often disruption in continuity of care for the patient. The cause of inappropriate sexual behavior varies among individuals and careful assessment of the etiology of the behavior is the first essential step in intervening. Nursing interventions focus upon providing opportunities for expression of appropriate sexual behavior while attempting to extinguish inappropriate sexual behavior. PMID:8954388

Philo, S W; Richie, M F; Kaas, M J

1996-11-01

258

Causes of sexual dysfunction (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Female sexual dysfunction describes women who are indifferent or hostile to sexual intercourse, who have no response to sexual advances or stimulation, or who are unable to have an orgasm during sexual intercourse.

259

When Is Sexual Counseling Helpful?  

MedlinePLUS

... Physical Side Effects » Sexual Side Effects in Men » Sexuality for the Man with Cancer » When is sexual ... saved articles window. My Saved Articles » My ACS » Sexuality for the Man With Cancer + - Text Size Download ...

260

Sexpectations: Male College Students' Views about Displayed Sexual References on Females' Social Networking Web Sites  

PubMed Central

Study Objective Sexual reference display on a social networking web site (SNS) is associated with self-reported sexual intention; females are more likely to display sexually explicit content on SNSs. The purpose of this study was to investigate male college students' views towards sexual references displayed on publicly available SNSs by females. Design Focus groups Setting One large state university Participants Male college students age 18–23 Interventions All tape recorded data was fully transcribed, then discussed to determine thematic consensus. Main Outcome Measures A trained male facilitator asked participants about views on sexual references displayed on SNSs by female peers and showed examples of sexual references from female's SNS profiles to facilitate discussion. Results A total of 28 heterosexual male participants participated in 7 focus groups. Nearly all participants reported using Facebook to evaluate potential female partners. Three themes emerged from our data. First, participants reported that displays of sexual references on social networking web sites increased sexual expectations. Second, sexual reference display decreased interest in pursuing a dating relationship. Third, SNS data was acknowledged as imperfect but valuable. Conclusion Females who display sexual references on publicly available SNS profiles may be influencing potential partners' sexual expectations and dating intentions. Future research should examine females' motivations and beliefs about displaying such references, and educate women about the potential impact of these sexual displays.

Moreno, Megan A.; Swanson, Michael J.; Royer, Heather; Roberts, Linda J.

2011-01-01

261

Explicit Knowledge and Learning in SLA: A Cognitive Linguistics Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

SLA researchers agree that explicit knowledge and learning play an important role in adult L2 development. In the field of cognitive linguistics, it has been proposed that implicit and explicit knowledge differ in terms of their internal category structure and the processing mechanisms that operate on their representation in the human mind. It has…

Roehr, Karen

2010-01-01

262

Gender Differences in Implicit and Explicit Memory for Affective Passages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-two participants were administered 4 verbal tasks, an Implicit Affective Task, an Implicit Neutral Task, an Explicit Affective Task, and an Explicit Neutral Task. For the Implicit Tasks, participants were timed while reading passages aloud as quickly as possible, but not so quickly that they did not understand. A target verbal passage was…

Burton, Leslie A.; Rabin, Laura; Vardy, Susan Bernstein.; Frohlich, Jonathan; Wyatt, Gwinne; Dimitri, Diana; Constante, Shimon; Guterman, Elan

2004-01-01

263

The Effectiveness of Explicit Attention to Form in Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper explores the facilitative effects of various types of attention-drawing instructional conditions (explicit and implicit) on the acquisition of English dative alternation. Specifically, the study addresses: (a) whether differences in the degree of explicitness manipulated in various instructional conditions differently affect the…

Radwan, Adel Abu

2005-01-01

264

Explicit Knowledge and Learning in SLA: A Cognitive Linguistics Perspective  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|SLA researchers agree that explicit knowledge and learning play an important role in adult L2 development. In the field of cognitive linguistics, it has been proposed that implicit and explicit knowledge differ in terms of their internal category structure and the processing mechanisms that operate on their representation in the human mind. It…

Roehr, Karen

2010-01-01

265

Explicit Representation of Terms Defined by Counter Examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anti-unification guarantees the existence of a term which is an explicit representation of the most specific generalization of a collection of terms. This provides a formal basis for learning from examples. Here we address the dual problem of computing a generalization given a set of counter examples. Unlike learning from examples an explicit, finite representation for the generalization does not

Jean-louis Lassez; Kim Marriott

1987-01-01

266

Explicit Representation of Terms Defined by Counter Examples  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anti-unification guarantees the existence of a term which is an explicit representation of the most specific generalization of a collection of terms. This provides a formal basis for learning from examples. Here we address the dual problem of computing a generalization given a set of counter examples. Unlike learning from examples an explicit, finite representation for the generalization does not

Jean-louis Lassez; Kim Marriott

1986-01-01

267

Comparing Calculi of Explicit Substitutions with Eta-reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past decade has seen an explosion of work on calculi of explicit substitutions. Numerous work has illustrated the usefulness of these calculi for practical notions like the implementation of typed functional programming languages and higher order proof assistants. Three styles of explicit substitutions are treated in this paper: the and the s e which have proved useful for solving

Mauricio Ayala-rincón; Flávio L. C. De Moura; Fairouz Kamareddine

2002-01-01

268

The Effect of Explicit Financial Incentives on Physician Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

anaged care organizations use explicit financial incentives to influence physicians' use of resources. This has contributed to concerns regarding conflicts of interest for physicians and adverse effects on the quality of patient care. In light of recent pub- licized legislative and legal battles about this issue, we reviewed the literature and analyzed studies that examine the effect of these explicit

Brian S. Armour; M. Melinda Pitts; Ross Maclean; Charles Cangialose; Mark Kishel; Hirohisa Imai; Jeff Etchason; John Attia; Joel G. Ray; Deborah J. Cook; James Douketis; Jeffrey S. Ginsberg; William H. Geerts; Imad M. El-Kebbi; David C. Ziemer; Curtiss B. Cook; Christopher D. Miller; Daniel L. Gallina; Lawrence S. Phillips; Sarah B. Laditka; Melanie P. Mastanduno; James N. Laditka; Sophia A. Khan; Carolyn de Geus; Brian Holroyd; Anthony S. Russell; Anne G. Pereira; Steven D. Pearson

2001-01-01

269

Minimalist Explicit Solvation Models for Surface Loops in Proteins  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have performed molecular dynamics simulations of protein surface loops solvated by explicit water, where a prime focus of the study is the small numbers (e.g., 100) of explicit water molecules employed. The models include only part of the protein (typically 500-1000 atoms), and the water molecules are restricted to a region surrounding the loop. In this study, the number

Ronald P. White; Hagai Meirovitch

2006-01-01

270

Architectural mechanisms for explicit communication in shared memory multiprocessors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The goal of this work is to explore architectural mechanisms for supporting explicit communication in cache-coherent shared memory multiprocessors. The motivation stems from the observation that applications display wide diversity in terms of sharing characteristics and hence impose different communication requirements on the system. Explicit communication mechanisms would allow tailoring the coherence management under software control to match these differing

Umakishore Ramachandran; Gautam Shah; Anand Sivasubramaniam; Aman Singla; Ivan Yanasak

1995-01-01

271

Global transformations and intimate relations in the 21st century: social science research on sexuality and the emergence of sexual health and sexual rights frameworks.  

PubMed

This article tracks the conjunction between the social, cultural, political, and economic changes taking place on a global level and the shift in sexuality research from primarily biomedical and behavioral concerns to those of rights and social justice. Particular attention is paid to how transnational public health and human rights discourses, and social movements concerned with gender inequality and the oppression of sexual minorities, have influenced the field of sexuality research. This influence is especially clear in the emergence of the concepts of sexual health and sexual rights, which have enabled researchers to draw clear connections between highly localized phenomena and transnational systems. The importance of rights-based approaches, in particular, has supported an explicit politicization of research and the engagement of researchers in social justice causes. To illustrate the interests and approach of contemporary sexuality research, the article includes a review of recent literature on sex trafficking and same-sex marriage. These cases are used to outline the negative and positive use of rights-the former a means to control harm and the latter a means to advance freedoms. Addressing the tension between these two strategies is a core challenge for the field of sexuality research. PMID:16913284

Parker, Richard; di Mauro, Diane; Filiano, Beth; Garcia, Jonathan; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel; Sember, Robert

2004-01-01

272

SEXUAL SOCIALIZATION: A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents a critical review of the concept of sexual socialization. A reformulation of conceptions of sexual socialization identifies five components of the developmental process (development of sex-object preference; development of gender roles; development of a gender identity; acquisition of sexual skills, knowledge, and values; and development of sexual attitudes). Sexual socialization, also referred to as sexualization, is defined

GRAHAM B. SPANIER

1977-01-01

273

Signification of the sexualizing substance produced by the sexualized planarians.  

PubMed

Asexual worms of an exclusively fissiparous strain (the OH strain) of the planarian Dugesia ryukyuensis keep developing hermaphroditic reproductive organs and eventually undergo sexual reproduction instead of asexual reproduction, namely fission, if they are fed with sexually mature worms of an exclusively oviparous planarian, Bdellocephala brunnea, suggesting that the sexually mature worms has a sexualizing substance(s). The fully sexualized worms no longer need the feeding on sexual worms to maintain the sexuality. Here, we demonstrate that the sexualized worms produce enough of their own sexualizing substance similar to that contained in B. brunnea. In case of surgical ablation of the sexualized worms, the fragments with sexual organs regenerate to become sexual, while those without sexual organs, namely head fragments, regenerate to return to the asexual state. The asexual regenerants from the sexualized worms are also fully sexualized by being fed with B. brunnea. Additionally, it was reported that head region in sexually mature worms lacks the putative sexualizing substance necessary for complete sexualization (Sakurai, 1981). These results suggest that the fragments without sexual organ lack enough of an amount of the putative sexualizing substance and the sexuality is maintained by the sexualizing substance contained in the sexualized worms. PMID:12130794

Kobayashi, Kazuya; Arioka, Sachiko; Hase, Sumitaka; Hoshi, Motonori

2002-06-01

274

Sexual Assault against Females  

MedlinePLUS

... to Women - Return from War - PTSD and Communities - PTSD Research - Mobile Apps - Páginas en Español - Videos - Web Links PROFESSIONAL ABOUT US PTSD Awareness Month Sexual Assault against Females Sexual Assault ...

275

Sexual Health Problems  

MedlinePLUS

... common sexual problems and their solutions Changes in sex drive, mismatched desire Fatigue or feeling ill can ... is essential to working through these problems. Discussing sexual health Because our sex lives are usually private, talking ...

276

Overview of Sexuality  

MedlinePLUS

... Disorder Topics in Sexuality Overview of Sexuality Gender Identity Paraphilias Merck Manual > Patients & Caregivers > Mental Health Disorders > ... Top Previous: Definition of Eating Disorders Next: Gender Identity Audio Figures Photographs Pronunciations Sidebar Tables Videos Copyright © ...

277

Sexual Health (Men)  

MedlinePLUS

... Living with Diabetes > Complications > Men's Health > Sexual Health Sexual Health Listen Sex is an important part of life and relationships. But diabetes can affect a man's sex life. It is important to understand that there ...

278

Sexual problems overview  

MedlinePLUS

... Review all medications, both prescription and over-the-counter, for possible side effects that relate to sexual dysfunction. Avoiding drug and alcohol abuse will also help prevent sexual dysfunction. Couples who ...

279

Sexual Violence and Adolescents.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The purpose of this paper is to review the current state of the science regarding sexual violence occurring in adolescent dating and acquaintance relationships. Sexual violence occurring at the hand of a family member, family friend, or stranger will not ...

B. Rosenbluth H. Harner

2003-01-01

280

Sexuality in Later Life  

MedlinePLUS

... normal operations can be found at USA.gov . Sexuality in Later Life Many people want and need ... Depression can be treated. What Else May Cause Sexuality Problems? Surgery. Many of us worry about having ...

281

Female sexual health.  

PubMed

Many aspects of sexual health relate to either preventative medicine (contraception) or managing normal physiological states (pregnancy, menopause). This article looks at some of the emergency aspects of female sexual health including genital tract trauma and genital infections. PMID:12786642

Bryan, Sheila

2003-06-01

282

Response behavior of diblock copolymer brushes in explicit solvent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The understanding of phase behavior of copolymer brushes is of fundamental importance for the design of smart materials. In this paper, we have performed classical density functional theory calculations to study diblock copolymer brushes (A-B) in an explicit solvent which prefers the A block to B block. With increasing B-block length (NB), we find a structural transition of the copolymer brush from mixed to collapsed, partial-exposed, and exposed structure, which is qualitatively consistent with experiments. The phase transitions are attributed to the interplay between entropic cost of folding copolymer brushes and enthalpic effect of contact between unlike components. In addition, we examine the effect of different parameters, such as grafting density (?g), the bottom block length (NA), and the chain length of solvent (NS) on the solvent response of copolymer brushes. The transition chain length (NB) increases with decreasing ?g and NA, and a smaller solvent molecule makes the collapsed structure less stable due to its lower penetration cost. Our results provide the insight to phase behavior of copolymer brushes in selective solvents from a molecular view.

Gong, Kai; Marshall, Bennett D.; Chapman, Walter G.

2012-10-01

283

Response behavior of diblock copolymer brushes in explicit solvent.  

PubMed

The understanding of phase behavior of copolymer brushes is of fundamental importance for the design of smart materials. In this paper, we have performed classical density functional theory calculations to study diblock copolymer brushes (A-B) in an explicit solvent which prefers the A block to B block. With increasing B-block length (N(B)), we find a structural transition of the copolymer brush from mixed to collapsed, partial-exposed, and exposed structure, which is qualitatively consistent with experiments. The phase transitions are attributed to the interplay between entropic cost of folding copolymer brushes and enthalpic effect of contact between unlike components. In addition, we examine the effect of different parameters, such as grafting density (?(g)), the bottom block length (N(A)), and the chain length of solvent (N(S)) on the solvent response of copolymer brushes. The transition chain length (N(B)) increases with decreasing ?(g) and N(A), and a smaller solvent molecule makes the collapsed structure less stable due to its lower penetration cost. Our results provide the insight to phase behavior of copolymer brushes in selective solvents from a molecular view. PMID:23083188

Gong, Kai; Marshall, Bennett D; Chapman, Walter G

2012-10-21

284

Female sexual dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Female sexual dysfunction is a common problem with detrimental effects on woman’s quality of life. It also has an economical\\u000a and societal impact. It is defined as disorders of sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, and sexual pain, which lead to personal\\u000a distress. The etiology of sexual dysfunction is frequently multifactorial as it relates to general physical and mental well-being,\\u000a quality of

Erdogan Aslan; Michelle Fynes

2008-01-01

285

Sexual (Lust) Homicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

This chapter discusses the historical definitional origins of sexual homicide (lust murder), the dynamics of sexual homicide\\u000a injury, offense definition constructs and their limitations, and key presumptions of injuries associated with sexual homicide\\u000a offense models. The chapter concludes by arguing for the clarification of concepts, characterizations, linkages, and research\\u000a into the offense dynamics and offender motivations of sexual (lust) homicides.

Janet McClellan

286

Profiling Sexual Fantasy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Criminal profiling attempts to understand the behavioral and personality characteristics of an offender and has gained increasing\\u000a recognition as a valuable investigative procedure. This chapter investigates sexual fantasy within the context of sexual crimes.\\u000a It opens by providing an account of sexual fantasy, its nexus with sexually aberrant behavior, and how it has been utilized\\u000a within the domain of criminal

Dion Gee; Aleksandra Belofastov

287

Sexual Dysfunction in Women  

PubMed Central

Sexual dysfunction takes place in the context of women's lives and affects their sexuality and self-esteem. Awareness of these influences are vital to the management of the dysfunction and the promotion of positive sexuality. The family physician's contribution to both the prevention and management of sexual concerns includes an awareness of societal influences and facilitation of a woman's sense of her own power and control over her life.

Brown, Pamela

1989-01-01

288

Sexual Relationships with Educators  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study of sexually oriented relationships between educators\\/field instructors and their students\\/supervisees was conceptualized to add to existing knowledge of the incidence and impact on master of social work students of sexually intimate relationships, sexual advances, and first-hand knowledge of such relationships. The present study gathers data from male and female subjects regarding sexual contact experiences with educators\\/field instructors during

Timothy Barnett-Queen

1999-01-01

289

Religiosity, spirituality, sexual attitudes, and sexual behaviors among college students.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was to determine whether religiosity, spirituality, and sexual attitudes accounted for differences in sexual behaviors among college students. The sample included 960 college students enrolled at four northeastern colleges. Results indicated differences in sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality by gender. Moreover, sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality were associated with sexual behaviors among college students. Sexual behaviors among males were influenced by their sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality, while for females, their sexual behaviors were mostly influenced by their sexual attitudes. College health professionals can use these findings when discussing sexual practices with students. PMID:21822743

Luquis, Raffy R; Brelsford, Gina M; Rojas-Guyler, Liliana

2012-09-01

290

Schooling & Sexualities: Teaching for a Positive Sexuality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This collection of papers contains a Foreword by Jane Kenway, an Introduction by Louise Laskey and Catherine Beavis, and four sections. Section 1, Schools and the Social Construction of Sexuality, contains 3 chapters: (1) Power and Partnership? Challenging the Sexual Construction of Schooling (D. Denborough); (2) Where Do You Draw the Line?…

Laskey, Louise, Ed.; Beavis, Catherine, Ed.

291

Schooling & Sexualities: Teaching for a Positive Sexuality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers contains a Foreword by Jane Kenway, an Introduction by Louise Laskey and Catherine Beavis, and four sections. Section 1, Schools and the Social Construction of Sexuality, contains 3 chapters: (1) Power and Partnership? Challenging the Sexual Construction of Schooling (D. Denborough); (2) Where Do You Draw the Line?…

Laskey, Louise, Ed.; Beavis, Catherine, Ed.

292

Sexually transmitted proctitis  

PubMed Central

Sexually transmitted infections such as chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes simplex virus and syphilis commonly present with rectal symptoms. Recent outbreaks of lymphogranuloma venereum among homosexual men throughout Europe highlight the need to consider sexually transmitted infections in the differential diagnosis of proctitis. This article examines the causative organisms, clinical features, diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted proctitis.

Hamlyn, E; Taylor, C

2006-01-01

293

Sexuality in multiple sclerosis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Summary. Sexuality and partnership have an important influence on the quality of life of every person and also on people with chronic disorders such as multiple sclerosis. The findings in literature show high evidence that people with multiple sclerosis experience high levels of sexual dysfunction, most of them with hypoactive sexual behaviour often associated with dissatisfaction in relationship, and also

E. Z. Schmidt; P. Hofmann; G. Niederwieser; H.-P. Kapfhammer; R. M. Bonelli

2005-01-01

294

Sexual Behavior in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys conducted between the 1930's and 1970's on the sexual behavior of adolescents indicate the following: (1) older adolescents are more sexually experienced now than in earlier generations; (2) there has been a greater increase in incidence of premarital sex for females than males; and (3) there is a trend toward earlier sexual experience for…

Hopkins, J. Roy

1977-01-01

295

Sexual Assault Prevention Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This publication is designed to educate men and women about sexual assault. The goals are to encourage people to become involved in their own protection and to make them better informed and able to deal with sexual assaults when they do occur. Facts about sexual assault are presented, including descriptions of rapists, rape victims, and rape…

Missouri Governor's Commission on Crime, Jefferson.

296

Editorial: Subaltern sexualities  

Microsoft Academic Search

Anyone who is passionate about women, gender and development in African contexts needs to interrogate discourses about African sexuality. These dis- courses have long histories of academic authority that have assisted in ensuring that hegemonic discourses about sexuality were at the heart of the continent's underdevelopment during colonialism. And as contributors to Feminist Africa 5 (on Sexual Cultures) point out,

Elaine Salo; Pumla Dineo Gqola

297

Sexual Harassment in Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In a recent BEST (Bureau of Evaluative Studies and Testing, Indiana University, Bloomington) survey, 10 percent of Indiana University women who responded had experienced some form of sexual harassment. Sexual harassment in education is any attention of a sexual nature from an instructor or professor which makes a student uncomfortable in class or…

Campbell, D'Ann

1986-01-01

298

Discovering Sexuality in Dostoevsky  

Microsoft Academic Search

Most discussions of sexuality in the work of Dostoevsky have been framed in Freudian terms. But Dostoevsky himself wrote about sexuality from a decidedly pre-Freudian perspective. By looking at the views of human sexual development that were available in Dostoevsky's time and that he, an avid reader and observer of his own social context, absorbed and reacted to, Susanne Fusso

Susanne Fusso

2006-01-01

299

Understanding sexual homicide  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual homicide is a crime that receives much media attention, but one that still has a relatively small research base compared to other crimes. Although the idea of someone deriving sexual gratification from or during the killing of another is an anathema to many, forensic professionals need to understand sexual homicide and the range of circumstances and motivations that lie

Paul V. Greenall

2011-01-01

300

Sexual orientation discrimination  

Microsoft Academic Search

Al though we have legislation that, at least in theory, protects employees from discrimination, discrimination still occurs. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 prohibits discrimination in all areas of employment on the basis of race, colour, religion, sex or national origin. This includes sexual harassment, a form of discrimination which involves “unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual

Gail A. Dawson

2005-01-01

301

Depression and sexual dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Adequate sexual expression is an essential part of many human relationships, and may enhance quality of life and provide a sense of physical, psychological and social well-being. Epidemiological and clinical studies show that depression is associated with impairments of sexual function and satisfaction, even in untreated patients. Most antidepressant drugs have adverse effects on sexual function, but accurate identification of

David S Baldwin

302

What is Sexual Addiction?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by

Stephen B. Levine

2010-01-01

303

Sexual fantasies and sexual arousal in women with a history of childhood sexual abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Treatments of female sexual arousal dysfunction for childhood sexual abuse (CSA) survivors could greatly benefit from more information on mechanisms to the sexual arousal problems specific to this population. In this study, 60 CSA survivors and 120 women with no history of CSA (NCSA) participated in an Internet-based survey on sexual arousal and sexual fantasies. Self-reported sexual arousal was measured

Julia Camuso; Alessandra H. Rellini

2010-01-01

304

An explicit model of expanding cylindrical shells subjected to high explosive detonations  

SciTech Connect

A viscoplastic constitutive model was formulated to model the high strain-rate expansion of thin cylindrical shells subjected to internal explosive detonations. This model provides insight into the development of plastic instabilities, which occur on the surface of the shells prior to failure. The effects of shock heating and damage in the form of microvoid nucleation, growth, and coalescence were incorporated using the Johnson-Cook strength model with the Mie-Grueneisen equation of state and a modified Gurson yield surface. This model was implemented into ABAQUS/Explicit as a user material subroutine. A cylindrical copper shell was modeled using both axisymmetric and plane strain elements. The high explosive material inside of the cylinder was simulated using the high explosive burn model in ABAQUS/Explicit. Two experiments were conducted involving explosive-filled, copper cylinders and good agreement was obtained between the numerical results and experimental data.

Martineau, R.L.; Prime, M.B.; Anderson, C.A. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Smith, F.W. [Colorado State Univ., Fort Collins, CO (United States)

1999-04-01

305

Comparación de la percepción del riesgo de infección con el VIH y las prácticas sexuales en un grupo de trabajadoras sexuales y aspirantes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Background: Prostitution is regarded as a risk factor for sexually transmitted diseases including HIV\\/AIDS. Objective: To evaluate the perception of HIV\\/AIDS risk and risky sexual practices of commercial sex workers registered in a municipal clinic where they are licensed to work in comparison with recent women entrants. Material and methods: A survey was done in experienced sexual workers: street prostitutes,

José Manuel Ramírez Aranda; Esperanza Álvarez Garza

306

Explicitly correlated connected triple excitations in coupled-cluster theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A way to incorporate explicit electron correlation into connected triple excitations in coupled-cluster theory is proposed. The new ansatz is applied to the coupled-cluster singles and doubles model with noniterative triple excitations [CCSD(T)] and does not introduce any further sets of equations to be solved. A first implementation using automated generation and string-based evaluation of the explicit expressions is reported. The results demonstrate that the ansatz significantly enhances the basis set convergence of the noniterative triple excitation correction and thus improves upon previous approaches to explicitly correlated CCSD(T).

Köhn, Andreas

2009-04-01

307

Explicit algebraic stress modelling of homogeneous and inhomogeneous flows  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Capability of the explicit algebraic stress models to predict homogeneous and inhomogeneous shear flows are examined. The importance of the explicit solution of the production to dissipation ratio is first highlighted by examining the algebraic stress models performance at purely irrotational strain conditions. Turbulent recirculating flows within sudden expanding pipes are further simulated with explicit algebraic stress model and anisotropic eddy viscosity model. Both models predict better stress-strain interactions, showing reasonable shear layer developments. The anisotropic stress field are also accurately predicted by the models, though the anisotropic eddy viscosity model of Craft et al. returns marginally better results.

Chiu, T. H.; Yeh, L. K.; Lin, C. A.; Chern, S. J.

2005-11-01

308

Sexual satisfaction and sexual self?disclosure within dating relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined dating individuals' self?disclosure about their sexual likes and dislikes to their partner. Forty?seven college men and 52 college women in a dating relationship of 3 to 36 months completed a questionnaire measuring sexual exchange variables, sexual satisfaction, relationship satisfaction, sexual communication satisfaction, and sexual and non?sexual self?disclosure with their partner. Both sexual and nonsexual self?disclosure were at

E. Sandra Byers; Stephanie Demmons

1999-01-01

309

Explicit a posteriori error estimates for eigenvalue analysis of heterogeneous elastic structures.  

SciTech Connect

An a posteriori error estimator is developed for the eigenvalue analysis of three-dimensional heterogeneous elastic structures. It constitutes an extension of a well-known explicit estimator to heterogeneous structures. We prove that our estimates are independent of the variations in material properties and independent of the polynomial degree of finite elements. Finally, we study numerically the effectivity of this estimator on several model problems.

Walsh, Timothy Francis; Reese, Garth M.; Hetmaniuk, Ulrich L.

2005-07-01

310

Comparison of the implicit and explicit finite element methods using crystal plasticity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The implicit finite element (FE) method can encounter numerical difficulties when solving non-linear quasi-static problems. The iterative approach employed may have trouble achieving convergence in analyses with a highly non-linear material behaviour, such as a crystal plasticity constitutive model. In the case of the explicit FE method the solver equations can be solved directly to determine the solution without iteration,

F. J. Harewood; P. E. McHugh

2007-01-01

311

Necrophilia and sexual homicide.  

PubMed

A closed case-file review of 211 sexual homicides identified 16 cases of necrophilia. The results of this unique descriptive study of necrophilia associated with sexual homicide provide information on crime-scene locations, methods of killing, body disposition, premortem sexual assault, specifics of the necrophilic acts, methods of victim abduction, and motivational dynamics. The findings suggest that the most common explanation for necrophilia-the offender's desire to have an unresisting partner-may not always be applicable in cases where this rare paraphilia is connected to sexual murder. The possibility of using crime-scene behaviors in these cases to investigate serial sexual murders is offered. PMID:20102474

Stein, Michelle L; Schlesinger, Louis B; Pinizzotto, Anthony J

2010-01-25

312

Sexual misconduct and enactment.  

PubMed

Sexual misconduct remains a significant problem in the behavioral health professions. Although it is tempting to view sexual misconduct as perpetrated by "bad" clinicians against patients who are "victims," this is an oversimplification of a complex problem. In this article, the author explores the psychoanalytic concept of enactment as a mechanism that can lead well-meaning clinicians to engage in sexual misconduct; defines enactment and differentiates it from near neighbor phenomena; uses case examples to illustrate how enactments may lead to sexual misconduct or may offer opportunities to deepen and enhance psychotherapeutic work; and offers recommendations for prevention of sexual misconduct. PMID:10523431

Plakun, E M

1999-01-01

313

Sexual Misconduct and Enactment  

PubMed Central

Sexual misconduct remains a significant problem in the behavioral health professions. Although it is tempting to view sexual misconduct as perpetrated by “bad” clinicians against patients who are “victims,” this is an oversimplification of a complex problem. In this article, the author explores the psychoanalytic concept of enactment as a mechanism that can lead well-meaning clinicians to engage in sexual misconduct; defines enactment and differentiates it from near neighbor phenomena; uses case examples to illustrate how enactments may lead to sexual misconduct or may offer opportunities to deepen and enhance psychotherapeutic work; and offers recommendations for prevention of sexual misconduct.

Plakun, Eric M.

1999-01-01

314

On-line sexual addiction: a contemporary enigma.  

PubMed

On-line computer bulletin boards, although screened for offensive content, have become a breeding ground for sexually related material and erotic-chat networks. Participants can interact individually or in groups (chat rooms) on a host of sexually perverse subjects. Persons afflicted with various erotic predilections via 'cybersex' have recently gained the attention of mental health professionals. The authors report on a 'cybersex' group in treatment for sexual addiction. PMID:8873813

Bingham, J E; Piotrowski, C

1996-08-01

315

Does the Effect of Exposure to TV Sex on Adolescent Sexual Behavior Vary by Genre?  

PubMed Central

Using the Integrated Model of Behavioral Prediction, this study examines the effects of exposure to sexual content on television by genre, specifically looking at comedy, drama, cartoon, and reality programs, on adolescents’ sex-related cognitions and behaviors. Additionally, we compared the amount and explicitness of sexual content as well as the frequency of risk and responsibility messages in these four genres. Findings show that overall exposure to sexual content on television was not related to teens’ engagement in sexual intercourse the following year. When examined by genre, exposure to sexual content in comedies was positively associated while exposure to sexual content in dramas was negatively associated with attitudes regarding sex, perceived normative pressure, intentions, and engaging in sex one year later. Implications of adolescent exposure to various types of content and for using genre categories to examine exposure and effects are discussed.

Gottfried, Jeffrey A.; Vaala, Sarah E.; Bleakley, Amy; Hennessy, Michael; Jordan, Amy

2013-01-01

316

Drugs and sexual behavior.  

PubMed

This study investigated the association between drugs and sexual behavior in a sample of polydrug substance abusers recruited from several Italian therapeutic communities; participants were 90 polydrug substance abusers (opiates, cocaine, amphetamine, inhalants, marijuana/sedatives or hallucinogens abusers) who were compared with 90 nonsubstance-abusing individuals. Sexual behavior was measured by the Italian version of the Sex and the Average Woman (or Man; SAWM), a questionnaire that assesses different kind of sexual attitudes. Results showed that drug-abusing individuals are particularly inclined to search for sexual intercourse and are open to different kinds of sexual experiences; however, they have difficulties in establishing committed and deep relationships with their partners, showing signs of inhibition, affective detachment or anger. Their sexual lives are also surrounded by negative emotions, disturbing thoughts and maladjusted behaviors. The importance of integrating sexual problems into therapeutic strategies is discussed. PMID:23457886

Bruno, Antonio; Scimeca, Giuseppe; Marino, Antonio G; Mento, Carmela; Micò, Umberto; Romeo, Vincenzo M; Pandolfo, Gianluca; Zoccali, Rocco; Muscatello, Maria R A

317

Sexual Violence and the MDGs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual violence is multi-faceted. Three (overlapping) categories can be distinguished: violence that is sexual in nature, gender-based violence, and sexuality-based violence. The latter refers to violence against persons because of their sexuality and\\/or their (presumed) sexual behavior. Being female, young, poor, and living in a sexually conservative culture and\\/or in conflict areas appear to be important risk factors for sexual

Ine Vanwesenbeeck

2008-01-01

318

Explicit Building Block Multiobjective Evolutionary Computation: Methods and Applications.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

This dissertation presents principles, techniques, and performance of evolutionary computation optimization methods. Concentration is on concepts, design formulation, and prescription for multiobjective problem solving and explicit building block (BB) mul...

R. O. Day

2005-01-01

319

Implicit and Explicit Categorization: A Tale of Four Species.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Categorization is essential for survival, and it is a widely studied cognitive adaptation in humans and animals. An influential neuroscience perspective differentiates in humans an explicit, rule-based categorization system from an implicit system that sl...

J. D. Smith M. E. Berg M. J. Crossley M. S. Murphy R. G. Cook

2012-01-01

320

Explicit Determination of Piezoelectric Eshelby Tensors for a Spheroidal Inclusion.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

In this paper, by systematically treating the integrals involved in the piezoelectric inclusion problem, explicit results were obtained for the piezoelectric Eshelby tensors for a spheroidal inclusion aligned along the axis of the anisotropy in a transver...

Y. Mikata

2001-01-01

321

Cultural Therapy and the Explicitness of Our Intentions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Discusses the operation of cultural therapy in the conduct of an ethnographic study of teacher supervision and curriculum implementation in a Brazilian urban school system. Cultural therapy was an important, although not explicitly labeled, aspect of the study. (SLD)|

Schram, Tom

1999-01-01

322

The ESP DES-CBC Cipher Algorithm With Explicit IV  

Microsoft Academic Search

This document describes the use of the DES Cipher algorithm in Cipher Block Chaining Mode, with an explicit IV, as a confidentiality mechanism within the context of the IPSec Encapsulating Security Payload (ESP).

N. Doraswamy

1998-01-01

323

Explicit and Implicit Emotion Regulation: A Dual-Process Framework  

PubMed Central

It is widely acknowledged that emotions can be regulated in an astonishing variety of ways. Most research to date has focused on explicit (effortful) forms of emotion regulation. However, there is growing research interest in implicit (automatic) forms of emotion regulation. To organize emerging findings, we present a dual-process framework that integrates explicit and implicit forms of emotion regulation, and argue that both forms of regulation are necessary for well-being. In the first section of this review, we provide a broad overview of the construct of emotion regulation, with an emphasis on explicit and implicit processes. In the second section, we focus on explicit emotion regulation, considering both neural mechanisms that are associated with these processes and their experiential and physiological consequences. In the third section, we turn to several forms of implicit emotion regulation, and integrate the burgeoning literature in this area. We conclude by outlining open questions and areas for future research.

Gyurak, Anett; Gross, James J.; Etkin, Amit

2012-01-01

324

Moderators of the Relationship between Implicit and Explicit Evaluation  

PubMed Central

Automatic and controlled modes of evaluation sometimes provide conflicting reports of the quality of social objects. This paper presents evidence for four moderators of the relationship between automatic (implicit) and controlled (explicit) evaluations. Implicit and explicit preferences were measured for a variety of object pairs using a large sample. The average correlation was r = .36, and 52 of the 57 object pairs showed a significant positive correlation. Results of multilevel modeling analyses suggested that: (a) implicit and explicit preferences are related, (b) the relationship varies as a function of the objects assessed, and (c) at least four variables moderate the relationship – self-presentation, evaluative strength, dimensionality, and distinctiveness. The variables moderated implicit-explicit correspondence across individuals and accounted for much of the observed variation across content domains. The resulting model of the relationship between automatic and controlled evaluative processes is grounded in personal experience with the targets of evaluation.

Nosek, Brian A.

2005-01-01

325

Relationship between hearing loss and sexual dysfunction.  

PubMed

Objective: Deafness may be one of the factors that leads to a change in sexual function. This study aimed to assess sexual function, in particular erectile dysfunction, in male patients with hearing loss. Materials and methods: We studied two groups: (1) adult men with acquired, bilateral, sensorineural hearing loss, and (2) healthy, adult, married men demonstrated to have normal hearing levels, as the control group. Sexual function was assessed using the International Index of Erectile Functions questionnaire, and quality of life using the 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey. Results: There was a statistically significant difference between the groups regarding the International Index of Erectile Functions questionnaire results (p <0.001), both for each of the five questionnaire domain scores and for the total score. Conclusion: Our results indicate that men with mild or moderate sensorineural hearing loss have poorer sexual health. PMID:23253624

Bak?r, S; Penbegül, N; Gün, R; Yorgancilar, E; Kini?, V; Ozbay, M; Atar, M; Güne?, M

2012-12-20

326

Calculation of potential energy surfaces using explicitly correlated methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recent developments in explicitly correlated wavefunctions mean that highly accurate potential energy surfaces for small molecules can be obtained with a low computational cost. Key components of these composite surfaces will be presented, including extrapolation of explicitly correlated CCSD(T) correlation energies and correcting for core-valence correlation effects using F12 methods. Recent applications will be highlighted, including high-resolution spectroscopy of CCN, CCO^+ and COC^+.

Hill, Grant; Peterson, Kirk A.

2010-03-01

327

Explicit geometric model of a radioscopic imaging system  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper a new explicit model of a radioscopic imaging system is presented. The model includes three parts: X-ray projection, image intensifier and CCD camera. The X-ray projection is modelled as a linear central projection. The image intensifier is modelled using a new explicit model that considers the curved input screen and the non-linear projection caused by electromagnetic fields.

Domingo Mery

2003-01-01

328

Children's implicit and explicit weight-related attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined attitudes towards overweight peers among children in both middle (6–8 years) and late (9–13 years) childhood using implicit and explicit measures. Thirty-three children (17 middle group and 16 late group) completed a child-oriented version of the Implicit Association Test (IAT), explicit rating scales and the Shared Activities Questionnaire (SAQ). Children in both age groups showed bias against

Sarah Roddy; Ian Stewart

2012-01-01

329

Implicit and explicit representations of hand position in tool use.  

PubMed

Understanding the interactions of visual and proprioceptive information in tool use is important as it is the basis for learning of the tool's kinematic transformation and thus skilled performance. This study investigated how the CNS combines seen cursor positions and felt hand positions under a visuo-motor rotation paradigm. Young and older adult participants performed aiming movements on a digitizer while looking at rotated visual feedback on a monitor. After each movement, they judged either the proprioceptively sensed hand direction or the visually sensed cursor direction. We identified asymmetric mutual biases with a strong visual dominance. Furthermore, we found a number of differences between explicit and implicit judgments of hand directions. The explicit judgments had considerably larger variability than the implicit judgments. The bias toward the cursor direction for the explicit judgments was about twice as strong as for the implicit judgments. The individual biases of explicit and implicit judgments were uncorrelated. Biases of these judgments exhibited opposite sequential effects. Moreover, age-related changes were also different between these judgments. The judgment variability was decreased and the bias toward the cursor direction was increased with increasing age only for the explicit judgments. These results indicate distinct explicit and implicit neural representations of hand direction, similar to the notion of distinct visual systems. PMID:23894307

Rand, Miya K; Heuer, Herbert

2013-07-19

330

Sexual concerns and sexual counseling in heart failure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with heart failure (HF) face significant challenges in maintaining quality of life (QOL), particularly for sexual intimacy. Although recommended for all cardiac patients, it has been suggested that few HF patients receive sexual counseling. This study explored sexual counseling needs, sexual concerns, and sexual activity using a descriptive survey with HF patients (n = 45), recruited from a HF

Mary Medina; Cynthia Walker; Elaine E. Steinke; David W. Wright; Victoria Mosack; Mohammad Hussam Farhoud

2009-01-01

331

Sexual At-Risk Behaviors of Sexually Abused Adolescent Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The present study investigated sexual at-risk behaviors of sexually abused adolescent girls. Variables of interest were presence of consensual sexual activity, age at first consensual intercourse, number of sexual partners, condom use, and pregnancies. Participants were 125 sexually abused adolescent girls aged 12 to 17 years. Results showed that…

Cinq-Mars, Caroline; Wright, John; Cyr, Mireille; McDuff, Pierre

2003-01-01

332

Sexual coercion and the opportunity for sexual selection in guppies  

Microsoft Academic Search

The operational sex ratio (OSR) is believed to play a major role in determining the opportunity for sexual selection. Most studies that investigate the effects of OSR on the opportunity for sexual selection, however, ignore the important effects that OSR has on sexual coercion. Sexually coercive behaviour by males, in- cluding forceful or subversive mating tactics and sexual harassment, may

Megan L. Head; Robert Brooks

2006-01-01

333

Late Adolescent Girls' Sexual Experiences and Sexual Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study presented and tested a model of sexual satisfaction for late adolescent girls. In this model, sexual self-concept and approach sexual motives were tested as predictors of adolescent girls' sexual satisfaction with their most recent experience of sexual intercourse. A total of 116 girls in 12th grade (ages 16-19) completed measures of…

Impett, Emily A.; Tolman, Deborah L.

2006-01-01

334

The Content of Sexual Fantasies for Sexual Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the phenomenon of sexual fantasy has been extensively researched, little contemporary inquiry has investigated the content of sexual fantasy within the context of sexual offending. In this study, a qualitative analysis was used to develop a descriptive model of the phenomena of sexual fantasy during the offence process. Twenty-four adult males convicted of sexual offences provided detailed retrospective descriptions

Dion G. Gee; Grant J. Devilly; Tony Ward

2004-01-01

335

Attention Bias for Sexual Words in Female Sexual Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Cognitive models suggest that attention processes maintain sexual dysfunction. However, few published studies have examined attention bias, and even fewer have studied female participants with sexual dysfunction. Using the Female Sexual Function Index, the authors classified undergraduates as experiencing sexual dysfunction (n = 28) or not (n = 28). The authors assessed whether participants showed attention bias for sexual words

Courtney Beard; Nader Amir

2010-01-01

336

Sexual Positions and Sexual Satisfaction of Pregnant Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to investigate the sexual positions and sexual satisfaction of women during pregnancy. The authors sampled pregnant women (N = 215) from outpatients registered at the antepartum clinic of a medical center in northern Taiwan. The authors gathered data on recent sexual satisfaction, general sexual satisfaction, and sexual position using a self-report, structured questionnaire. The

Jian Tao Lee; Chao Ling Lin; Gwo Hwa Wan; Ching Chung Liang

2010-01-01

337

Sexual Ideology and Schooling: Towards Democratic Sexuality Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book examines the issue of sexuality education in the schools. Chapter 1, "Sexuality and Sexuality Education: Implications for the Nature of Society," discusses the controversy over the issue. Chapter 2, "Restrictive and Permissive Sexual Ideologies," provides an analytical framework for clarifying conflicts around human sexuality that…

McKay, Alexander

338

Child Sexual Assault in Rural Alaska--Issues and Solutions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|A variety of information and sources for information on child sexual assault are collected in this document geared for educators in small communities. Materials include a fact sheet on small community concerns about sexual abuse, a flow chart for training school personnel in intervention and prevention, suggestions for school protocol for…

Leddy, Susan; Cox, James

339

A Curriculum for Teaching Human Sexuality to Mentally Impaired Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Presented is a developmentally sequenced curriculum designed for teaching human sexuality to mentally impaired adolescents. A brief objective is presented, teaching methods are listed, and materials needed are described (in terms of author, title, source, and price) for each of the following topic areas: vocabulary of sexuality; fact vs. myths;…

Rinckey, David Jason

340

Cultural Suppression of Female Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four theories about cultural suppression of female sexuality are evaluated. Data are reviewed on cross-cultural differences in power and sex ratios, reactions to the sexual revolution, direct restraining influences on adolescent and adult female sexuality, double standard patterns of sexual morality, female genital surgery, legal and religious restrictions on sex, prostitution and pornography, and sexual deception. The view that men

Roy F. Baumeister; Jean M. Twenge

2002-01-01

341

Nonvolitional Sex and Sexual Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nonvolitional sex is sexual behavior that violates a person's right to choose when and with whom to have sex and what sexual behaviors to engage in. The more extreme forms of this behavior include rape, forced sex, childhood sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and violence against people with nonconventional sexual identities. More nuanced forms of nonvolitional sex include engaging in sexual

Debra Kalmuss

2004-01-01

342

Sexual side effects of antidepressants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Patients with depressive disorders frequently have concurrent sexual problems. The sexual dysfunction is often masked by the mood disorder, and many patients have difficulty discussing these problems openly. Thus, sexual dysfunction often is detectable only by careful inquiry. The relationship between sexual dysfunction and depressive disorders is further complicated by antidepressant therapy, which itself may cause sexual dysfunction, increasing the

Anthony J. Rothschild

2000-01-01

343

Cultural suppression of female sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Four theories about cultural suppression of female sexuality are evaluated. Data are reviewed on cross-cultural differences in power and sex ratios, reactions to the sexual revolution, direct restraining influences on adolescent and adult female sexuality, double standard patterns of sexual morality, female genital surgery, legal and religious restrictions on sex, prostitution and pornography, and sexual deception. The view that men

Roy F. Baumeister; Jean M. Twenge

2002-01-01

344

Marijuana use and sexual behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

In several anonymous questionnaire studies of college students, marijuana use has been reported to affect sexual behavior. In general, these studies show that marijuana smoking enhances sexual pleasure and increases sexual desire. Marijuana use has also been associated with more frequent sexual activity and an increased number of sexual partners. The purpose of this study was to determine the perceived

Ronald A. Weller; James A. Halikas

1984-01-01

345

The Evolution of Sexual Pleasure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual pleasure is an innate component of human sexuality. Although disdained throughout history by religious groups and variably explained by theories, philosophers, and societies, sexual pleasure permeates human experience. Traditional evolutionists explain this preoccupation via the development of sexual mating strategies and the human desire to propagate one's genes; however, here I will argue that the saturation of sexual pleasure

Felicia De la Garza-Mercer

2007-01-01

346

Depressed Mood and Sexual Functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although some studies have reported substantial correlations between clinical depression and hypoactive sexual desire, thus far only a few studies have addressed the association between depressed mood and different facets of sexuality (such as sexual satisfaction, sexual activity and level of sexual problems) in close relationships. This study sought to fill this gap by examining 198 couples recruited through advertisement.

Guy Bodenmann; Thomas Ledermann

2008-01-01

347

Sexual Selection Favors Female?Biased Sex Ratios: The Balance between the Opposing Forces of Sex?Ratio Selection and Sexual Selection  

Microsoft Academic Search

In a verbal model, Trivers and Willard proposed that, whenever there is sexual selection among males, natural selection should favor mothers that produce sons when in good condition but daughters when in poor condition. The predictions of this model have been the subject of recent debate. We present an explicit pop- ulation genetic model for the evolution of a maternal-effect

2003-01-01

348

Web advertising: Sexual content on eBay  

Microsoft Academic Search

Trust is an essential ingredient for commercial success on the Web. “Shopping aggregator” websites such as eBay provide a mechanism for measuring trust in the vendor in the form of online shoppers' positive feedback ratings. This real-world experiment conducted on eBay demonstrates that although coupled with a very high trust rating, the inclusion of an explicitly sexual illustration in shopping

Michael Giebelhausen; Thomas P. Novak

2012-01-01

349

Sexual concerns and sexual counseling in heart failure.  

PubMed

Patients with heart failure (HF) face significant challenges in maintaining quality of life (QOL), particularly for sexual intimacy. Although recommended for all cardiac patients, it has been suggested that few HF patients receive sexual counseling. This study explored sexual counseling needs, sexual concerns, and sexual activity using a descriptive survey with HF patients (n = 45), recruited from a HF clinic or cardiology office. Most (77%) had not discussed sexual concerns with a health care professional (HCP). Sexual concerns that were rated as occurring 'occasionally/frequently' included partner overprotectiveness (63%), partner fear of sex (36%), lack of sexual interest (42%), erectile problems (74%), orgasmic difficulties (51%). Frequency of sexual intercourse before HF to present was striking, with 53% reporting no sexual activity in the last 2 months compared with 11% before diagnosis of HF. HCPs must provide sexual counseling to HF patients and partners to enhance QOL and to assist in any adaptations to sexual activity. PMID:20002338

Medina, Mary; Walker, Cynthia; Steinke, Elaine E; Wright, David W; Mosack, Victoria; Farhoud, Mohammad Hussam

2009-12-01

350

Women's Sexual Health: Talking about Your Sexual Needs  

MedlinePLUS

Sexual health Basics In-Depth Multimedia Expert Answers Resources What's New Reprints A single copy of this article ... be reprinted for personal, noncommercial use only. Women's sexual health: Talking about your sexual needs By Mayo Clinic ...

351

Girls' Sexual Development in the Inner City: From Compelled Childhood Sexual Contact to Sex-for-Things Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) has been linked to a wide variety of adverse psychological and behavioral outcomes. This paper describes girls' sexual development in the inner city based on qualitative material from a long-term ethnographic (observational) study. For many inner-city girls, early and then continued experiences of being compelled to have…

Dunlap, Eloise; Golub, Andrew; Johnson, Bruce D.

2003-01-01

352

Girls' Sexual Development in the Inner City: From Compelled Childhood Sexual Contact to Sex-for-Things Exchanges  

Microsoft Academic Search

Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) has been linked to a wide variety of adverse psychological and behavioral outcomes. This paper describes girls' sexual development in the inner city based on qualitative material from a long-term ethnographic (observational) study. For many inner-city girls, early and then continued experiences of being compelled to have sex were found to be part of a pathway

Eloise Dunlap; Andrew Golub; Bruce D. Johnson

2004-01-01

353

Girls' Sexual Development in the Inner City: From Compelled Childhood Sexual Contact to Sex-for-Things Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) has been linked to a wide variety of adverse psychological and behavioral outcomes. This paper describes girls' sexual development in the inner city based on qualitative material from a long-term ethnographic (observational) study. For many inner-city girls, early and then continued experiences of being compelled to have…

Dunlap, Eloise; Golub, Andrew; Johnson, Bruce D.

2003-01-01

354

Chronic illness and sexuality.  

PubMed

Sex remains an important contributor to quality of life in many patients with chronic illness and their partners. The effects of chronic illness on sexuality are multifactorial and can impact on all phases of sexual response. Sexual dysfunction and dissatisfaction in chronically ill patients are underdetected and undertreated because of barriers to doctor-patient discussion about sex and lack of medical training in human sexuality. For doctors to become more motivated to broach the topic of sex, they need to recognise that people may be sexually interested even though they are old, ill or disabled. The PLISSIT model provides a graded counselling approach that allows doctors to deal with sexual issues at their own level of expertise and comfort. PMID:12924976

McInnes, Rosemary A

2003-09-01

355

Going beyond Lecturing by Using Student Web Site Presentations in a Human Sexuality Course  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper discusses the use of Web site presentations in human sexuality courses. Web site presentations are a good way to incorporate additional information about human sexuality into a course, and they provide a way to learn to critique human sexuality material on the Internet. In addition, they help students to practice presentation skills. A…

Hughes, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

356

Religiosity, Spirituality, Sexual Attitudes, and Sexual Behaviors Among College Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to determine whether religiosity, spirituality, and sexual attitudes accounted for differences\\u000a in sexual behaviors among college students. The sample included 960 college students enrolled at four northeastern colleges.\\u000a Results indicated differences in sexual attitudes, religiosity, and spirituality by gender. Moreover, sexual attitudes, religiosity,\\u000a and spirituality were associated with sexual behaviors among college students. Sexual

Raffy R. Luquis; Gina M. Brelsford; Liliana Rojas-Guyler

357

Female Sexual Dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The focus of this book is men and their sexual function and dysfunction, however, many women will also develop some degree\\u000a of sexual health problems concerned with sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, and\\/or pain. The goal is to make relevant evidence-based\\u000a clinical information to help identify and treat specific biologically based pathophysiologies available to the motivated health\\u000a care professional. The prevalence

Irwin Goldstein

358

Adolescent Sexual Assault  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: To document the frequency and types of genital injuries in adolescent women examined acutely following a sexual assault, and determine any historical correlates of injury.Design: Retrospective chart review.Setting: Sexual Assault Response Team services at a community hospital in an urban setting.Patients: All female patients aged 14–19 yr who were referred by law enforcement for an acute sexual assault examination

Joyce A Adams; Barbara Girardin; Diana Faugno

2001-01-01

359

Sexual health and contraception.  

PubMed

Sexual health encompasses 'sexual development and reproductive health, as well as the ability to develop and maintain meaningful interpersonal relationships; appreciate one's own body; interact with both genders in respectful and appropriate ways; express affection, love and intimacy in ways consistent with one's own values'. The 2008 WHO Consensus Statement additionally noted that 'responsible adolescent intimate relationships' should be 'consensual, non-exploitative, honest, pleasurable and protected against unintended pregnancy and STDs if any type of intercourse occurs'. Young people (YP) must, therefore, be able to access sexual health information and services that meet their needs.For most YP, interest in sexual activity begins with puberty, and this is associated with increasingly sexualised behaviour, including exploration of themselves and others.Most YP find this a confusing time, and so it is important that health professionals are able to offer advice regarding the wide range of sexual health issues, including sexuality, choice of partner, contraception, risk and management of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in a confident and approachable manner. YP have never had so much choice or information available to them, and this can be confusing for them. There is good evidence that YP who get information from their parents are likely to initiate sexual activity later than their peers who access information from their friends. However, there is also evidence that some YP would prefer to get sexual health information from health professionals. It is therefore imperative that all health professionals who see YP have an awareness of sexual health issues, and know where to signpost YP should they need more specialist sexual health advice and/or treatment.Where appropriate, one-to-one sexual health advice should be provided to YP on how to prevent and get tested for STIs, and how to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Advice should also be given on all methods of reversible contraception, including long-acting reversible contraception, emergency contraception and other reproductive issues. PMID:22843336

Straw, Fiona; Porter, Charlotte

2012-07-27

360

Sexual health and contraception.  

PubMed

Sexual health encompasses 'sexual development and reproductive health, as well as the ability to develop and maintain meaningful interpersonal relationships; appreciate one's own body; interact with both genders in respectful and appropriate ways; express affection, love and intimacy in ways consistent with one's own values'. The 2008 WHO Consensus Statement additionally noted that 'responsible adolescent intimate relationships' should be 'consensual, non-exploitative, honest, pleasurable and protected against unintended pregnancy and STDs if any type of intercourse occurs'. Young people (YP) must, therefore, be able to access sexual health information and services that meet their needs. For most YP, interest in sexual activity begins with puberty, and this is associated with increasingly sexualised behaviour, including exploration of themselves and others. Most YP find this a confusing time, and so it is important that health professionals are able to offer advice regarding the wide range of sexual health issues, including sexuality, choice of partner, contraception, risk and management of sexually transmitted infections (STI) in a confident and approachable manner. YP have never had so much choice or information available to them, and this can be confusing for them. There is good evidence that YP who get information from their parents are likely to initiate sexual activity later than their peers who access information from their friends. However, there is also evidence that some YP would prefer to get sexual health information from health professionals. It is therefore imperative that all health professionals who see YP have an awareness of sexual health issues, and know where to signpost YP should they need more specialist sexual health advice and/or treatment. Where appropriate, one-to-one sexual health advice should be provided to YP on how to prevent and get tested for STIs, and how to prevent unwanted pregnancies. Advice should also be given on all methods of reversible contraception, including long-acting reversible contraception, emergency contraception and other reproductive issues. PMID:22983512

Straw, Fiona; Porter, Charlotte

2012-10-01

361

Transsexuals' Sexual Stories  

Microsoft Academic Search

When viewed through a popular cultural lens, male-to-female transsexuals' sexual biographies can appear to indicate male transvestitism,\\u000a heterosexuality, or homosexuality rather than transsexuality. How do transsexuals subvert such implications and construct\\u000a transsexual identities? Drawing on K. Plummer's (1995) approach to sexual stories, we examine how nine male-to-female transsexuals\\u000a construct their sexual pasts to accomplish what sociologists call “identity work.” Interviewees

Douglas P. Schrock; Lori L. Reid

2006-01-01

362

Parental Non-verbal Sexual Communication: Its Relationship to Sexual Behaviour and Sexual Guilt  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study explores the link between remembered non-verbal sexual communication in the home, current sexual behaviours and feelings of sexual guilt, among a sample of young British men and women. Non-verbal sexual communication encapsulates: openness about nudity in the home; the showing of affection between parents; signs of parental sexual activity and contraceptive use; and intimation of mother's menstruation. One

Hélène Joffe; Ana ClÁUdia Franca-Koh

2001-01-01

363

Sexual interest, attitudes, knowledge, and sexual history in relation to sexual behavior in the institutionalized aged  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the idea that sexuality is a lifelong need is gaining greater research support and greater acceptability to the general public, few consider the institutionalized aged as having sexual needs or being able to benefit from sexual intimacy. The research presented here indicates that sexual activity in the institutionalized aged is related to their attitudes and behavior to ward sexuality

Charles B. White

1982-01-01

364

Status homophily, sexual identity, and lesbian social ties.  

PubMed

The literature on friendship and social networks finds that individuals form social ties with people who are like them-a much studied concept called homophily. However, few studies have explicitly examined sexual identity as a point of homophily. Scholars from multiple disciplines have long argued that sexuality influences the organization of our social worlds, yet most studies of friendship and social networks under-examine or overlook the influence of sexual identity. This study addresses that gap by looking at status homophily among lesbian social ties to examine the influence of sexual identity, as well as gender, race, class, and family, on their personal networks. Using survey data from 544 U.S. lesbian respondents, the findings make visible some of the factors and forces that shape social ties for lesbians. The results point to the importance of sexuality as an organizing element of social life, and suggest that studies that examine social networks or friendships more often make sexual identity, gender, and intersecting social locations a central focus. PMID:24059970

Logan, Laura S

2013-10-01

365

Schemas, sexuality, and romantic attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

One's self-views are powerful regulators of both cognitive processing and behavioral responding. Sexual self-schemas are cognitive generalizations about sexual aspects of the self. The bivariate sexual self-schema model, which posits independent effects of positive and negative components of women's sexual self-views, was tested. Three hundred eighteen female undergraduates completed anonymous questionnaires, including the Sexual Self-Schema Scale and assessments of sexual

Jill M. Cyranowski; Barbara L. Andersen

1998-01-01

366

Sexual Self-Schemas, Sexual Dysfunction, and the Sexual Responses of Women with a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse  

Microsoft Academic Search

Accumulating evidence points to the mediating effects of sexual self-schemas on the sexual difficulties of women with a history\\u000a of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The following study adds to the extant literature by investigating (1) sexual function and\\u000a (2) sexual satisfaction utilizing validated measures, and reporting on the relationship between sexual self-schemas and physiological\\u000a (vaginal photoplethysmography), subjective, and affective responses

Alessandra H. RelliniCindy; Cindy M. Meston

2011-01-01

367

Exponentially fitted explicit Runge-Kutta-Nystrom methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Exponentially fitted Runge-Kutta-Nystrom (EFRKN) methods for the numerical integration of second-order IVPs with oscillatory solutions are derived. These methods integrate exactly differential systems whose solutions can be expressed as linear combinations of the set of functions {exp(?t),exp(-?t)}, , or equivalently {sin(?t),cos(?t)} when ?=i?, . Explicit EFRKN methods with two and three stages and algebraic orders 3 and 4 are constructed. In addition, a 4(3) embedded pair of explicit EFRKN methods based on the FSAL technique is obtained, which permits to introduce an error and step length control with a small cost added. Some numerical experiments show the efficiency of our explicit EFRKN methods when they are compared with other exponential fitting type codes proposed in the scientific literature.

Franco, J. M.

2004-05-01

368

Effects of Learning Strategies and Motivation on Implicit vs. Explicit Instructional Approaches for Spanish L2 Vocabulary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Under the premise that vocabulary learning in a Spanish as a second language in-class environment may be affected by the instructional approach adopted by the instructors or the materials followed, this study explores the influence of rather distant teaching styles, such as implicit and explicit approaches, on the learning outcome of Spanish…

Hervas, David

2010-01-01

369

Understanding differences in sexting behaviors across gender, relationship status, and sexual identity, and the role of expectancies in sexting.  

PubMed

Sexting, or the exchange of sexually explicit material via Internet social-networking site or mobile phone, is an increasingly prevalent behavior. The study sought to (1) identify expectancies regarding sexting behaviors, (2) examine how demographics (i.e., gender, sexual identity, relationship status) might be differentially related to sexting expectancies and behaviors, and (3) examine whether these concurrent relationships are consistent with a theoretical causal model in which sexting expectancies influence sexting behaviors. The sample consisted of 278 undergraduate students (mean age=21.0 years, SD=4.56; 53.8% female; 76.3% caucasian). Factor analyses supported the validity and reliability of the Sextpectancies Measure (?=0.85-0.93 across subscales) and indicated two expectancy domains each for both sending and receiving sexts: positive expectancies (sexual-related and affect-related) and negative expectancies. Males reported stronger positive expectancies (F=4.64, p=0.03) while females reported stronger negative expectancies (F=6.11, p=0.01) about receiving sexts. There were also differences across relationship status regarding negative expectancies (F=2.25, p=0.05 for sending; F=4.24, p=0.002 for receiving). There were also significant effects of positive (F=45.98, p<0.001 for sending, F=22.42, p<0.001 for receiving) and negative expectancies (F=36.65, p=0.02 sending, F=14.41, p<0.001 receiving) on sexting behaviors (?(2) from 0.04-0.13). College students reported both positive and negative sextpectancies, although sextpectancies and sexting varied significantly across gender, race, sexual identity, and relationship status. Concurrent relationships were consistent with the causal model of sextpectancies influencing sexting behaviors, and this study serves as the first test of this model, which could inform future prevention strategies to mitigate sexting risks. PMID:23675996

Dir, Allyson L; Coskunpinar, Ayca; Steiner, Jennifer L; Cyders, Melissa A

2013-05-15

370

Constructions of sexual activity and their implications for sexual practice: lessons for sex education.  

PubMed

Most sex education uses language in order to communicate its message. Discourse analytic theory suggests that far from merely transmitting factual information, language always constructs particular versions of reality. This article is concerned with discursive constructions of sexual activity and their implications for sexual practice. Data presented in this article are based on a series of semi- structured interviews with 16 heterosexual adults. The interview agenda included questions about sexual risk- taking within the context of HIV/ AIDS. Parker's version of the discourse analytic method (Discourse Dynamics: Critical Analysis for Social and Individual Psychology. Routledge, 1992) guided the analysis of interview transcripts. This article identifies a range of constructions of 'sexual activity' invoked by respondents. It is suggested that AIDS education, in order to be effective, must address the wider discourses surrounding sexuality and sexual relationships. The article concludes by outlining ways in which sex education materials may challenge constructions that facilitate sexual vulnerability, both physical (e.g. to HIV infection) and emotional (e.g. through unwanted intercourse). PMID:22021398

Willig, C

1998-07-01

371

Explicit constructions of code loops as centrally twisted products  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Code loops are certain Moufang loop extensions of doubly even binary codes which are useful in finite group theory (e.g. Conway's construction of the Monster). We give several methods for explicitly constructing code loops as centrally twisted products. More specifically, after establishing some preliminary examples, we show how to use decompositions of codes to build code loops out of more familiar pieces, such as abelian groups, extraspecial groups, or the octonion loop. In particular, we use Turyn's construction of the Golay code to give a simple explicit construction of the Parker loop, one which may have applications to the study of the Monster.

Hsu, Tim

2000-03-01

372

The Intergenerational Transmission of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Smoking  

PubMed Central

This study examined the intergenerational transmission of implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking, as well as the role of these attitudes in adolescents’ smoking initiation. There was evidence of intergenerational transmission of implicit attitudes. Mothers who had more positive implicit attitudes had children with more positive implicit attitudes. In turn, these positive implicit attitudes of adolescents predicted their smoking initiation 18-months later. Moreover, these effects were obtained above and beyond the effects of explicit attitudes. These findings provide the first evidence that the intergenerational transmission of implicit cognition may play a role in the intergenerational transmission of an addictive behavior.

Sherman, Steven J.; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark; Seo, Dong-Chul; Macy, Jonathan T.

2009-01-01

373

Phase-coherent communications without explicit phase tracking.  

PubMed

Phase-coherent communications typically requires a reliable phase-tracking algorithm. An initial phase estimate with training symbols allows a receiver to compensate for a motion-induced Doppler shift. Following the training period, however, explicit phase tracking can be avoided in time reversal communications that has been implemented on a block-by-block basis to accommodate time-varying channels. This is accomplished by a smaller block size and adaptive channel estimation using previously detected symbols on a symbol-by-symbol basis. The proposed time reversal approach without explicit phase tracking is demonstrated using experimental data (12-20 kHz) in shallow water. PMID:20815434

Song, H C; Hodgkiss, W S; van Walree, P A

2010-09-01

374

Parabosons, parafermions, and explicit representations of infinite-dimensional algebras  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to give an explicit construction of the Fock spaces of the parafermion and the paraboson algebra, for an infinite set of generators. This is equivalent to constructing certain unitary irreducible lowest weight representations of the (infinite rank) Lie algebra so({infinity}) and of the Lie superalgebra osp(1 vertical bar {infinity}). A complete solution to the problem is presented, in which the Fock spaces have basis vectors labeled by certain infinite but stable Gelfand-Zetlin patterns, and the transformation of the basis is given explicitly. Alternatively, the basis vectors can be expressed as semi-standard Young tableaux.

Stoilova, N. I.; Van der Jeugt, J., E-mail: joris.vanderjeugt@ugent.b [Ghent University, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (Belgium)

2010-03-15

375

Maternal Sexuality and Breastfeeding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|In this paper I consider the ways in which lactation has been discussed as a form of maternal sexuality, and the implications this carries for our understanding of breastfeeding practices and sexuality. Drawing on knowledge constructed in the western world during the last half of the twentieth century, the paper identifies a shift between the…

Bartlett, Alison

2005-01-01

376

Maternal Sexuality and Breastfeeding  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper I consider the ways in which lactation has been discussed as a form of maternal sexuality, and the implications this carries for our understanding of breastfeeding practices and sexuality. Drawing on knowledge constructed in the western world during the last half of the twentieth century, the paper identifies a shift between the…

Bartlett, Alison

2005-01-01

377

Literacy and Sexual Identity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Calls for more attention to literacy teaching practices and teacher education that acknowledge sexual identity and orientation as key aspects of youth identity development. Discusses experience-based pedagogy and classroom interactions around sexual identities and texts. Notes the need for research and scholarship in the field of literacy and…

Moje, Elizabeth Birr; MuQaribu, Mudhillun

2003-01-01

378

Hypoactive Sexual Desire  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Low-libido disorders are highly prevalent, may be extremely distressful to patients and their partners, and influence the course and prognosis of therapy. This paper focuses on this important aspect of human sexuality. Some clinical features of hypoactive sexual desire are described, and some hypotheses about etiology and prognosis are presented.…

Kaplan, Helen S.

1977-01-01

379

Taking Sexual Harassment Seriously.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous "School Law" columns discussed developments under Title IX (Educational Amendments of 1970), noting a trend among federal courts to apply Title IX's prohibition against sexual harassment to peer and employee-to-student sexual harassment. A recent Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision against the Santa Rosa City School District…

Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin

1998-01-01

380

Adolescent Sexual Timetables  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young people's age expectations for the Initiation by boys and girls of a range of sexual practices were elicited from a sample of 522 15- and 16-year-olds. As expected, there was a progression in the modal ages nominated from the least intimate (kissing) to more intimate behaviors (sexual intercourse). There were few gender differences, either for age expectations of the

Doreen A. Rosenthal; Anthony M. A. Smith

1997-01-01

381

Sequelae of sexual assault  

Microsoft Academic Search

For physicians involved in the care of female patients, the issue of sexual assault is one that presents frequently, but is often unrecognized. The prevalence among adult females of sexual abuse or frank assault is 20%. For most patients, the damage is not limited to the event and the time immediately after the assault, but it can last for years,

Carla Rodgers; Daniel Gruener

1997-01-01

382

Sexual Addiction: Diagnostic Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years clinicians report a great deal of concern about definition, diagnostic assessment, and treatment modalities when dealing with what might be called out-of-control sexual behavior. Many terms have been used to describe the phenomenon of problematic sexual behavior. Many of these concepts overlap, some are no longer popular, and some…

Giugliano, John R.

2009-01-01

383

Sexual Abuse - The Family.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The video features a discussion of sexual abuse in children by a physician, social worker, and a psychologist. The program involves a role play by professionals of interviewing a child sexual victim and her family in an emergency room setting. The primary...

1994-01-01

384

Religiosity and Sexual Concerns  

Microsoft Academic Search

The study examined the relationships between three types of religiosity (Intrinsic, Extrinsic, and Quest) and sexual concerns in two diverse samples. Three hundred sixty-five participants were drawn from a Washington, DC area community college and a historically Black state university in North Carolina. Participants completed measures of religiosity along with the Attitudes Related to Sexual Concerns Scale (ASC; Koch &

Craig R. Cowden; Scott D. Bradshaw

2007-01-01

385

Treating Sexually Aggressive Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although clinical and empirical data have been offered about sexually aggressive children, few have suggested the necessary components of clinical treatment protocols for them. This article reviews the plausible etiologies and the correlates of sexual aggression by children to delineate the necessary treatment elements for them and their families.…

Miranda, Alexis O.; Biegler, Bryan N.; Davis, Kathleen; Frevert, Vada S.; Taylor, Julie

2001-01-01

386

Girl child and sexual victimisation.  

PubMed

This article offers 12 suggestions for improving the protection of sexually victimized children and discusses the extent, form, causes, and consequences of sexual victimization of female children in India. Female victimization includes child marriage, polygamy, rape, incest, and kidnapping for immoral purposes. A female child is victimized from birth to maturity. Girls are born into a secondary status and married off. If her dowry is meager, a girl is subjected to ridicule, criticism, or denigration. The number of prosecuted sex offenses against girls and the number of reported sex offenses increased during 1980-89. However, most sex offenses are unreported. About 63% of rape cases pertain to girls 16-30 years old. Only 18% of rape cases occur among women over age 30. During 1971-89, kidnapping increased by over 79%. Most kidnapping involves girls 3-16 years old and is connected with prostitution, begging, sexual gratification, unemployment, extreme poverty, broken homes, and antisocial surroundings. One study in 1991 found that 48% of adolescent school girls had been molested. Another study in 1985 found that 54.29% of rape victims were 7-16 years old, and 3.27% were under 7 years old. 53.88% were unmarried, and 45.32% were married. Most of the victims were unemployed, dependents, or students. Most rapists are known by the victims. The rapist and the victims tend to come from middle or lower socioeconomic classes. Brother-sister incest is about 5 times more common than father-daughter incest. The literature suggests that children are sexually abused for pleasure or material gain. A current city study found that 15% of prostitutes were under 15 years old; 24.5% were 16-18 years old. Girls enter prostitution through a temple devdasi life, abduction, regular employment, and initiation by parents and brothel keepers. Marriage victimizes girls who marry at an early age or with a poor dowry. PMID:12158001

Krishna, K P

387

[Drug facilitated sexual assault].  

PubMed

In line with the fact that there is little information regarding drug facilitated sexual assault in national medical literature, the authors aimed to prepare a review of the phenomenon based on available international references. Therefore we offered a definition of the concept of sexual assault, and rape in particular. Consent and ability for valid consent for sexual intercourse were defined as well. A review contains discussion about the basic elements of a concept of drug-facilitated sexual assault. There is also available information in regard to pharmacology of common data rape drugs, i.e. flunitrazepam, gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB), and ketamine. We indicate the utmost importance of prompt collecting of biological samples for toxicological screening in patients who are suspected victims of drug facilitated sexual assault. PMID:17642470

Alempijevi?, Djordje; Savi?, Slobodan; Stojanovi?, Jovan; Spasi?, Andjelka

388

Challenging Pentecostal moralism: erotic geographies, religion and sexual practices among township youth in Cape Town  

Microsoft Academic Search

Research on constructions of sexuality in Pentecostalism often struggles with the fact that the research setting is defined ex ante in terms of church communities, which imposes upon ethnographic accounts the same limitations Pentecostal morality imposes upon church members' discourse. Taking young Pentecostals operating in a space that is not explicitly religious as the methodological entrance to the field, this

Marian Burchardt

2011-01-01

389

Online Sex Shops: Phenomenological, Psychological, and Ideological Perspectives on Internet Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explosive growth in access to the Internet has created an unprecedented opportunity for the general public to acquire explicit erotic texts, images, services, and merchandise, but psy- chological scientists have not conceptualized antecedents or consequences of contact with In- ternet sexuality or conducted a significant amount of empirical research on these issues. The current analysis uses Internet sex shop sites

William A. Fisher; Azy Barak

2000-01-01

390

Recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse: Current findings and their legal implications  

Microsoft Academic Search

Recent research on recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse has shown that there are at least two types of recovered memory experiences: those that are gradually recovered within the context of suggestive therapy and those that are spontaneously recovered, without extensive prompting or explicit attempts to reconstruct the past. By focusing on well-known imperfections of human memory, we were able

Elke Geraerts; Linsey Raymaekers; Harald Merckelbach

2008-01-01

391

French Cinema’s New ‘Sexual Revolution’: Postmodern Porn and Troubled Genre  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article proposes and examines a selection of interpretative strategies for viewing the type of sexually explicit art film made by French directors Catherine Breillat, Patrice Chéreau, Gaspar Noé and the team Virginie Despentes and Coralie Trinh Thi, over the past five years. To contextualise the relevant debates, political work on pornography, produced mainly by feminists in the 1970s and

Lisa Downing

2004-01-01

392

Queering the Ethical School: A Model for Sexual Orientation Education at a Religiously-Affiliated Institution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rainbow Visibility Project has the primary goal of raising awareness to sexual orientation as a diversity issue at the University of San Diego (USD) (California), a Roman Catholic liberal arts university. It was designed to be consistent with other efforts supporting the cultural competence at the university, whose mission statement explicitly

Getz, Cheryl; Kirkley, Evelyn A.

393

Comparing Switch Costs: Alternating Runs and Explicit Cuing  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The task-switching literature routinely conflates different operational definitions of switch cost, its predominant behavioral measure. This article is an attempt to draw attention to differences between the two most common definitions, alternating-runs switch cost (ARS) and explicit-cuing switch cost (ECS). ARS appears to include both the costs…

Altmann, Erik M.

2007-01-01

394

Explicit Compensator Performance Constraints for Control of Lightly Damped Plants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Explicit constraints on the compensator are derived which provide specified levels of closed loop tracking and disturbance rejection performance. In the case of lightly damped plants, simple geometric descriptions of compensator constraints are obtained. An example of the application of these constraints in active vibration isolation is provided.

Dale A. Lawrence

1992-01-01

395

A Comparison of Implicit and Explicit Parallel Programming  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of the parallel programming model on scientific computing is examined. A comparison is made between Sisal, a functional language with implicit parallelism, and SR, an imperative language with explicit parallelism. Both languages are modern, high-level, concurrent programming languages. Five different scientific applications were programmed in each language, and evaluated for programmability and performance. The performance of these two

Vincent W. Freeh

1996-01-01

396

Explicit- and Implicit Bullying Attitudes in Relation to Bullying Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to examine whether an assessment of implicit bullying attitudes could add to the prediction of bullying behavior after controlling for explicit bullying attitudes. Primary school children (112 boys and 125 girls, M age = 11 years, 5 months) completed two newly developed measures of implicit bullying attitudes (a…

van Goethem, Anne A. J.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Wiers, Reinout W.

2010-01-01

397

Implicit and explicit changes following subtle and blatant advertisings  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated the different effectiveness of subtle and blatant advertisings on implicit and explicit attitudes. Generally speaking, a persuasive message is assimilated when it is followed by a congruent change of attitude, whereas contrast occurs when the same persuasive message is followed by a change in the opposite direction. According to many theories (e.g. Wegener & Petty, 1995), contrast

Michelangelo Vianello; Elisa Maria Galliani; Nicola A. De Carlo

398

A New Theoretical Framework For Explicit and Implicit Memory  

Microsoft Academic Search

A framework to explain item-specific implicit and explicit memory is proposed. It explores the mutual implications of four kinds of processing mechanism that are familiar in the literature. The first kind of mechanisms are those related to memory representation which include the kind of storage processes that subserve the maintenance of different types of information in memory. It is argued

Andrew R. Mayes; Patricia A. Gooding; Rob van Eijk

1997-01-01

399

Explicit integration of extremely stiff reaction networks: asymptotic methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that, even for extremely stiff systems, explicit integration may compete in both accuracy and speed with implicit methods if algebraic methods are used to stabilize the numerical integration. The required stabilizing algebra depends on whether the system is well removed from equilibrium or is near equilibrium. This paper introduces a quantitative distinction between these two regimes and addresses the former case in depth, presenting explicit asymptotic methods appropriate when the system is extremely stiff but only weakly equilibrated. A second paper (Guidry and Harris 2013 Comput. Sci. Disc. 6 015002) examines quasi-steady-state methods as an alternative to asymptotic methods in systems well away from equilibrium and a third paper (Guidry et al 2013 Comput. Sci. Disc. 6 015003) extends these methods to equilibrium conditions in extremely stiff systems using partial equilibrium methods. All three papers present systematic evidence for timesteps competitive with implicit methods. Because an explicit method can execute a timestep faster than an implicit method, algebraically stabilized explicit algorithms might permit integration of larger networks than have been feasible before in various disciplines.

Guidry, M. W.; Budiardja, R.; Feger, E.; Billings, J. J.; Hix, W. R.; Messer, O. E. B.; Roche, K. J.; McMahon, E.; He, M.

2013-01-01

400

Measuring Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Foreign-Accented Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The purpose of this research was to investigate the nature of listeners' attitudes toward foreign-accented speech and the manner in which those attitudes are formed. This study measured 165 participants' implicit and explicit attitudes toward US- and foreign-accented audio stimuli. Implicit attitudes were measured with an audio Implicit…

Pantos, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

401

Making the Implicit Explicit: Supporting Teachers to Bridge Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report the results of a longitudinal action research project in which elementary teachers used a cultural framework (individualism-collectivism) to understand differences between the culture of immigrant Latino families and the culture of U.S. schools. Making explicit the culture-based beliefs implicit in home and school…

Rothstein-Fisch, Carrie; Trumbull, Elise; Garcia, Sandra Gloria

2009-01-01

402

Measuring Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Foreign-Accented Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate the nature of listeners' attitudes toward foreign-accented speech and the manner in which those attitudes are formed. This study measured 165 participants' implicit and explicit attitudes toward US- and foreign-accented audio stimuli. Implicit attitudes were measured with an audio Implicit…

Pantos, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

403

Explicit Substitution Internal Languages for Autonomous and *Autonomous Categories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a family of explicit substitution type theories as internal languagesfor autonomous (or symmetric monoidal closed) and -autonomous categories, inthe same sense that the simply-typed -calculus with surjective pairing is the internallanguage for cartesian closed categories. We show that the eight equalityand three commutation congruence axioms of the -autonomous type theory characterise -autonomous categories exactly. The associated rewrite systems

T. W. Koh; C. h L. Ong

1999-01-01

404

Discovery learning in sports: Implicit or explicit processes?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Discovery learning is believed to be an effective method for learning motor, anticipation, and cognitive skills, but the mechanisms leading to improvements are not well understood in the context of real?life decisions in sports. There is no agreement on whether implicit or explicit learning processes underlie discovery learning. We compared the performances of four groups of participants in a basketball

Markus Raab; Rich S. W. Masters; Jon Maxwell; Andre Arnold; Nele Schlapkohl; Jamie Poolton

2009-01-01

405

Dealing with Uncertainty in Spatially Explicit Population Models  

Microsoft Academic Search

It has been argued that spatially explicit population models (SEPMs) cannot provide reliable guidance for conservation biology because of the difficulty of obtaining direct estimates for their demographic and dispersal parameters and because of error propagation. We argue that appropriate model calibration procedures can access additional sources of information, compensating the lack of direct parameter estimates. Our objective is to

Thorsten Wiegand; Eloy Revilla; Felix Knauer

2004-01-01

406

An Explicitly Correlated Wavelet Method for the Electronic Schroedinger Equation  

SciTech Connect

A discretization for an explicitly correlated formulation of the electronic Schroedinger equation based on hyperbolic wavelets and exponential sum approximations of potentials is described, covering mathematical results as well as algorithmic realization, and discussing in particular the potential of methods of this type for parallel computing.

Bachmayr, Markus [RWTH Aachen, Aachen Institute for Advanced Study in Computational Engineering Sciences, Schinkelstr. 2, 52062 Aachen (Germany)

2010-09-30

407

Is Explicit Vocabulary Focus the Reading Teacher's Job?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This paper reports findings from a case study of the amount of explicit vocabulary focus (EVF) that occurred in a week of classes for one group of upper intermediate students in an intensive English program (IEP). To assess EVF, instruction from a total of 25 hours of classes was analyzed to see if the number of EVF events was more connected with…

Folse, Keith

2010-01-01

408

Second and Third-Order Matching via Explicit Substitutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The past few years have established the benefits of using explicit substitutions in the treatment of problems such as unification and matching related to higher-order automated deduction and the implementation of programming languages. Matching is a basic operation extensively used in computation and deduction. Second and third-order matching, in particular, provide an adequate environment for expressing pattern recognition and program

LEONARDO CAVALCANTI DE MOURA; FAIROUZ KAMAREDDINE; Bras ´ ilia

409

Explicit Constructivism: A Missing Link in Ineffective Lectures?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study tested the possibility that interactive lectures explicitly based on activating learners' prior knowledge and driven by a series of logical questions might enhance the effectiveness of lectures. A class of 54 students doing the respiratory system course in the second year of the Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery program in…

Prakash, E. S.

2010-01-01

410

Explicit Intraoperative Recall at a Bispectral Index of 47  

Microsoft Academic Search

he Bispectral Index (BIS) has become widely ac- cepted as a measurement of hypnosis under an- esthesia. It is derived from a processed electro- encephalogram and computer algorithm that assigns a numerical value based on the probability of conscious- ness. Values ,60 correlate with a low probability of consciousness (1). We report a case wherein a patient experienced explicit recall

George Mychaskiw; Marc Horowitz; Vishal Sachdev; Bobby J. Heath

2001-01-01

411

Implicit and Explicit Learning in Aged and Young Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

There is a wealth of evidence that learning ability declines with age. In almost all of the studies however, the performance measures employed are explicit, even though research has consistently indicated that aged adults have well preserved implicit learning ability. This suggests that under certain circumstances aged adults should be at no great learning disadvantage in comparison to young adults.

Richard Midford; Kim Kirsner

2005-01-01

412

Explicit derivation of new hyper-Kahler metric.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Using the harmonic superspace techniques in D = 2 N = 4, we present an explicit derivation of a new hyper-Kahler metric associated to the Toda like self interaction H(sup 4+)((omega),u) = ((xi)++/(lambda))(sup 2)exp(2(lambda)(omega)). Some important featu...

M. B. Sedra

1997-01-01

413

Surfaces with flat normal bundle: an explicit construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

An explicit construction of surfaces with flat normal bundle in the Euclidean space En (unit hypersphere Sn) in terms of solutions of certain linear system is proposed. In the case of E3 our formulae can be viewed as a direct Lie sphere analog of the generalized Weierstrass representation of surfaces in conformal geometry or the Lelieuvre representation of surfaces in

E. V. Ferapontov

2001-01-01

414

Surfaces with flat normal bundle: an explicit construction  

Microsoft Academic Search

An explicit construction of surfaces with flat normal bundle in the Euclidean space (unit hypersphere) in terms of solutions of certain linear system is proposed. In the case of 3-space our formulae can be viewed as the direct Lie sphere analog of the generalized Weierstrass representation of surfaces in conformal geometry or the Lelieuvre representation of surfaces in the affine

E. V. Ferapontov

1998-01-01

415

An Evaluation of TCP with Explicit Congestion Notification  

Microsoft Academic Search

We study the effect of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) on TCP for relatively large but finite file transfers in IP networks, and compare it to other congestion avoidance mechanisms, namely Drop Tail (DT) and Random Early Detection (RED). We use simulation to measure TCP performance for transfers initiated by a varying number of end hosts. In contrast to previous work,

KOSTAS PENTIKOUSIS; H USSEIN BADR

2003-01-01

416

Explicit integration of extremely stiff reaction networks: partial equilibrium methods  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In two preceding papers (Guidry et al 2013 Comput. Sci. Disc. 6 015001 and Guidry and Harris 2013 Comput. Sci. Disc. 6 015002), we have shown that when reaction networks are well removed from equilibrium, explicit asymptotic and quasi-steady-state approximations can give algebraically stabilized integration schemes that rival standard implicit methods in accuracy and speed for extremely stiff systems. However, we also showed that these explicit methods remain accurate but are no longer competitive in speed as the network approaches equilibrium. In this paper, we analyze this failure and show that it is associated with the presence of fast equilibration timescales that neither asymptotic nor quasi-steady-state approximations are able to remove efficiently from the numerical integration. Based on this understanding, we develop a partial equilibrium method to deal effectively with the approach to equilibrium and show that explicit asymptotic methods, combined with the new partial equilibrium methods, give an integration scheme that can plausibly deal with the stiffest networks, even in the approach to equilibrium, with accuracy and speed competitive with that of implicit methods. Thus we demonstrate that such explicit methods may offer alternatives to implicit integration of even extremely stiff systems and that these methods may permit integration of much larger networks than have been possible before in a number of fields.

Guidry, M. W.; Billings, J. J.; Hix, W. R.

2013-01-01

417

Implicit and explicit emotional processing in Parkinson's disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Introduction: Our study investigated the ability of nondemented Parkinson's disease (PD) patients to explicitly identify emotional words and to show implicit sensitivity to these emotions in a task that did not require emotional processing. Methods: Twelve PD patients and 12 healthy controls, matched for age and education, performed lexical decision (LD) and emotional categorisation tasks (fear, disgust, and happiness) on

Céline Borg; Nathalie Bedoin; Soline Bogey; George A. Michael; Aurélia Poujois; Bernard Laurent; Catherine Thomas-Antérion

2012-01-01

418

Explicit Integration of Extremely Stiff Reaction Networks: Asymptotic Methods  

SciTech Connect

We show that, even for extremely stiff systems, explicit integration may compete in both accuracy and speed with implicit methods if algebraic methods are used to stabilize the numerical integration. The stabilizing algebra differs for systems well removed from equilibrium and those near equilibrium. This paper introduces a quantitative distinction between these two regimes and addresses the former case in depth, presenting explicit asymptotic methods appropriate when the system is extremely stiff but only weakly equilibrated. A second paper [1] examines quasi-steady-state methods as an alternative to asymptotic methods in systems well away from equilibrium and a third paper [2] extends these methods to equilibrium conditions in extremely stiff systems using partial equilibrium methods. All three papers present systematic evidence for timesteps competitive with implicit methods. Because explicit methods can execute a timestep faster than an implicit method, our results imply that algebraically stabilized explicit algorithms may offer a means to integration of larger networks than have been feasible previously in various disciplines.

Guidry, Mike W [ORNL; Budiardja, R. [University of Tennessee (UTK) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Feger, E. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Billings, J. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Hix, William Raphael [ORNL; Messer, O.E.B. [University of Tennessee (UTK) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Roche, K. J. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL); McMahon, E. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); He, M. [Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai

2013-01-01

419

The Role of Explicit Need Strength for Emotions during Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|According to self-determination theory, the satisfaction of the basic needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness influences achievement emotions and situational interest. The present study investigated whether domain-specific explicit need strength moderated the impact of need satisfaction/dissatisfaction on the outcomes achievement emotions…

Flunger, Barbara; Pretsch, Johanna; Schmitt, Manfred; Ludwig, Peter

2013-01-01

420

Making Tacit Knowledge Explicit: Designing An Export Trading Knowledge Portal  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates how tacit knowledge is made explicit in a predefined export trading knowledge domain. It also considers important aspects of portal design that support knowledge use, creation and renewal. This research looks at how a portal is designed to allow specified users to effectively use knowledge. A case study was conducted to examine the useful types of export

Lisa Soon; Donald Kerr; Campbell Fraser

2006-01-01

421

Televised Sexual Content and Parental Mediation: Influences on Adolescent Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Little research has been conducted to examine the influence of exposure to televised sexual content on adolescent sexuality or how parental intervention may reduce negative effects of viewing such content. This study uses self-report data from 1,012 adolescents to investigate the relations among exposure to sexually suggestive programming, parental mediation strategies, and three types of adolescent sexuality outcomes: participation in

Deborah A. Fisher; Douglas L. Hill; Joel W. Grube; Melina M. Bersamin; Samantha Walker; Enid L. Gruber

2009-01-01

422

Examining Mediators of Child Sexual Abuse and Sexually Transmitted Infections  

PubMed Central

Background Interpersonal violence has increasingly been identified as a risk factor for sexually transmitted infections. Understanding the pathways between violence and sexually transmitted infections is essential to designing effective interventions. Objective To examine dissociative symptoms, alcohol use, and intimate partner physical violence and sexual coercion as mediators of child sexual abuse and lifetime sexually transmitted infection diagnosis among a sample of women. Method A convenience sample of 202 women was recruited from health care settings, with 189 complete cases for analysis. A multiple mediation model tested the proposed mediators of child sexual abuse and lifetime sexually transmitted infection diagnosis. Bootstrapping, a resampling method, was used to test for mediation. Key variables included child sexual abuse, dissociative symptoms, alcohol use, and intimate partner violence. Results Child sexual abuse was reported by 46% of the study participants (n = 93). Child sexual abuse was found to have an indirect effect on lifetime sexually transmitted infection diagnosis, with the effect occurring through dissociative symptoms (95% CI = 0.0033, 0.4714) and sexual coercion (95% CI = 0.0359, 0.7694). Alcohol use and physical violence were not found to be significant mediators. Discussion This study suggests dissociation and intimate partner sexual coercion are important mediators of child sexual abuse and sexually transmitted infection diagnosis. Therefore, interventions that consider the roles of dissociative symptoms and interpersonal violence may be effective in preventing sexually transmitted infections among women.

Sutherland, Melissa A.

2011-01-01

423

Sexual Identity Development Among Ethnic Sexual-Minority Male Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research explores how ethnicity influences sexual identity development. Among 139 sexual-minority male youths, measures of sexual identity development assessed the timing and sequencing of developmental milestones, disclosure of sexual identity to others, internalized homophobia, and same- and opposite-sex relationship histories. Findings demonstrated that participants, regardless of ethnicity, experienced most identity milestones at developmentally appropriate ages, had moderately low

Eric M. Dubé; Ritch C. Savin-Williams

1999-01-01

424

The Sexual Activity Questionnaire: A measure of women's sexual functioning  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual activity is an important dimension of quality of life. Therefore it is important to assess the impact that any treatment may have on sexual functioning so that patients can be warned of possible side effects and interventions offered to help ameliorate these. The Sexual Activity Questionnaire (SAQ) was developed to investigate the impact of long-term tamoxifen on the sexual

K. Thirlaway; L. Fallowfield; J. Cuzick

1996-01-01

425

The Resolution of Sexual Antagonism by Gene Duplication  

PubMed Central

Disruptive selection between males and females can generate sexual antagonism, where alleles improving fitness in one sex reduce fitness in the other. This type of genetic conflict arises because males and females carry nearly identical sets of genes: opposing selection, followed by genetic mixing during reproduction, generates a population genetic “tug-of-war” that constrains adaptation in either sex. Recent verbal models suggest that gene duplication and sex-specific cooption of paralogs might resolve sexual antagonism and facilitate evolutionary divergence between the sexes. However, this intuitive proximal solution for sexual dimorphism potentially belies a complex interaction between mutation, genetic drift, and positive selection during duplicate fixation and sex-specific paralog differentiation. The interaction of these processes—within the explicit context of duplication and sexual antagonism—has yet to be formally described by population genetics theory. Here, we develop and analyze models of gene duplication and sex-specific differentiation between paralogs. We show that sexual antagonism can favor the fixation and maintenance of gene duplicates, eventually leading to the evolution of sexually dimorphic genetic architectures for male and female traits. The timescale for these evolutionary transitions is sensitive to a suite of genetic and demographic variables, including allelic dominance, recombination, sex linkage, and population size. Interestingly, we find that female-beneficial duplicates preferentially accumulate on the X chromosome, whereas male-beneficial duplicates are biased toward autosomes, independent of the dominance parameters of sexually antagonistic alleles. Although this result differs from previous models of sexual antagonism, it is consistent with several findings from the empirical genomics literature.

Connallon, Tim; Clark, Andrew G.

2011-01-01

426

A Comparative study on sexual dysfunctions before and after menopause  

PubMed Central

Background: Sexual instinct which is the cause of numerous changes in an individual’s life could be influenced by different factors such as menopause and ageing. This study was designed to compare sexual dysfunction before and after menopause. Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional study. Participants were 174 menopausal women who referred to medical health centers of Isfahan, Iran. Data were collected through self constructed sexual dysfunctions questionnaire in relation to their sexual activities before and after menopause. The reliability and validity of this questionnaire was determined by content validity and Cronbach’s alpha coefficient. Findings: Findings showed that the relative frequency of sexual dysfunctions was 38% in the productive period and 72.4% in the menopause period. There was a significant association between sexual dysfunctions before and after the menopause period (p < 0.001). Sexual dysfunctions in these women in the productive and menopause period were 49.2% and 62.6% in desire disorder, 34.3% and 34.9% in dyspareunia, 26.8% and 75.3% in arousal disorder, 23.5% and 56.3% in orgasmic disorder and 16.4% and 15.6% in vaginismus, respectively. Conclusions: A considerable percentage of women experienced sexual dysfunctions in productive and menopause periods, and menopause could be a factor to maintain or intensify sexual dysfunctions.

Beigi, Marjan; Fahami, Fariba

2012-01-01

427

Effects of emotional state on sexual desire and sexual dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study explored effects of emotional states on sexual desire and dysfunction. Three basic emotion dimensions, pleasure-displeasure, arousal-nonarousal, and dominance-submissiveness, served as the independent factors. Factor analysis of a sexual desire and problems questionnaire yielded a single factor with sexual desire as one pole and sexual problems as the opposite pole. The resulting “sexual desire” scale had a KR-20

Albert Mehrabian; Linda Stanton-Mohr

1985-01-01

428

Sexual Identity Trajectories Among Sexual-Minority Youths: Gender Comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present investigation explored gender differences in sexual identity development—first same-sex attractions, self-labeling, same-sex sexual contact, and disclosure—among 164 sexual-minority young adults. Based on interviews, results indicated the value of assessing gender differences in the context, timing, spacing, and sequencing of sexual identity milestones. Adolescent males had an earlier onset of all milestones except disclosure. The context for sexual identity

Ritch C. Savin-Williams; Lisa M. Diamond

2000-01-01

429

The Role of Sexual Scripts in Sexual Aggression and Victimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two longitudinal studies examined German adolescents’ sexual scripts in relation to the normative acceptance of sexual aggression,\\u000a the behavioral enactment of risk factors, and the experience of sexual aggression\\/ victimization. Study 1 comprised a sample\\u000a of 283 10th and 11th grade high school students who completed measures of sexual scripts, normative acceptance of risk elements\\u000a associated with sexual aggression, behavioral

Barbara Krahé; Steffen Bieneck; Renate Scheinberger-Olwig

2007-01-01

430

Sexuality on the Internet: Sexual Exploration, Cybersex, and Pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Sexuality as a developmental issue is present throughout the life cycle, but becomes especially salient during adolescence.\\u000a Adolescents have to adjust to their developing sexuality, in particular their increased sexual drive and interest in sex and\\u000a have the task of constructing their sexual selves. Sexual content and topics feature prominently in adolescents’ online lives\\u000a from chat rooms, to bulletin boards,

Kaveri Subrahmanyam; David Šmahel

431

The Sexual Responses of Sexual Sadists  

Microsoft Academic Search

On average, rapists show greater relative genital responses to rape stories than do nonrapists in the laboratory. It has been suggested that this robust group difference is explained by the fact that many rapists are sexually sadistic. It is not clear, however, what the critical cues underlying rapists' genital responses are, because rape stories used in previous research include a

Michael C. Seto; Martin L. Lalumière; Grant T. Harris; Meredith L. Chivers

2012-01-01

432

Child Maltreatment Histories Among Female Inmate Reporting Inmate on Inmate Sexual Victimization in Prison: The Mediating Role of Emotion Dysregulation  

PubMed Central

Despite data indicating that child maltreatment (CM) in various forms is associated with adult sexual victimization among community women, few studies have explicitly explored how types of CM might relate to prison sexual victimization. Because little is known about how CM might give rise to prison sexual victimization, the present study also examined emotion dysregulation emanating from early abuse experiences as a potential mediator in the link between early CM and inmate-on-inmate prison sexual victimization. Approximately 168 incarcerated women completed self-report inventories assessing various types of childhood maltreatment, emotion dysregulation, and coerced or forced sexual experiences in prison. Nearly 77% of the sample endorsed experiencing at least one form of CM, with 64% of inmates reporting that they experienced two or more forms of CM. Approximately 9% of inmates reported sexual coercion and 22% reported a forced sexual experience in prison. Each form of CM was associated with prison sexual coercion; however, fewer associations emerged between CM and forced prison sexual experiences. Emotion dysregulation was found to mediate links between CM, particularly co-occurring CM, and sexual coercion in prison, but it was unrelated to forced prison sexual experiences. Implications are discussed.

Walsh, Kate; Gonsalves, Valerie M.; Scalora, Mario J.; King, Steve; Hardyman, Patricia L.

2012-01-01

433

Sexual assault in postmenopausal women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual assault is a crime of violence affecting modern American society. Victims of sexual assault tend to be women from a broad cross-section of social, economic, ethnic, and age groups. The postmenopausal woman is not immune from sexual assault and is increasingly a victim. The author presents the topic of sexual assault within the general framework of the physician's role

Susan M. Ramin

1997-01-01

434

Human Sexuality: Responsible Life Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This book provides a complete course in human sexuality. It can also be used to supplement a family living course. Text content provides current information for teaching high school students about sexuality issues. The text offers basic information on growth and development, sexual development, pregnancy, and birth. It explains the sexual

Ryder, Verdene; Smith, Peggy B.

435

Research in Human Sexuality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical students' attitudes towards concepts in sexuality before and after a five-day sexuality course were tested at the University of Miami School of Medicine and evaluated with Osgood's Semantic Differential. Concepts rated were "my sexuality,""masturbation,""homosexuality," and "my role in understanding sexual problems." (LBH)

Carmichael, Joan; And Others

1977-01-01

436

Sexual harassment proclivities in men  

Microsoft Academic Search

Three studies were conducted to develop and validate a measure of sexual harassment proclivities in males. Previous studies of sexual harassment were reviewed and a gap in the current knowledge of the psychological characteristics of sexual harassers was revealed. A possible technique for studying sexual harassment proclivities was suggested by recent research on rape proclivities. Two initial studies using this

John B. Pryor

1987-01-01

437

The evolving sexual health paradigm: transforming definitions into sexual health practices.  

PubMed

Sexual health is an evolving paradigm that integrates a positive approach to sexuality with existing public health policy and practice for reducing the burdens of sexually transmitted infections, including those due to HIV. The sexual health paradigm rests in commitment to sexual rights, sexual knowledge, sexual choice, and sexual pleasure, as well as key elements of sexuality addressed by sexual desire, sexual arousal, and sexual function, and sexual behaviors. The sexual health paradigm offers new approaches to supporting general health and well being while reducing the burdens of sexual diseases and their consequences. PMID:24088679

Fortenberry, J Dennis

2013-10-01

438

What is sexual addiction?  

PubMed

Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by a 6-category spectrum: (a) no sexual excess beyond breaking the spouse's restrictive rules (n = 2), (b) discovery of husband's longstanding sexual secrets (n = 5), (c) new discovery of the joys of commercial sex (n = 4), (d) the bizarre or paraphilic (n = 7), (e) alternate concept of normal masculinity (n = 5), and (f) spiraling psychological deterioration (n = 7). Only the men with a spiraling psychological deterioration-about 25% of the sample with sexual issues-could reasonably be described as having a sexual addiction. This group experienced significant psychological failures before the onset of their deterioration. Another 25% were adequately defined as paraphilic. Half of the sample was not adequately described using addiction, compulsivity, impulsivity, and relationship incapacity models. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for DSM-5 and treatment. PMID:20432125

Levine, Stephen B

2010-01-01

439

Managing female sexual dysfunction.  

PubMed

Female sexual dysfunctions (FSDs) range from short-term aggravations to major emotional disturbances adversely affecting family and workplace. This review highlights diagnosis and management of the four most widely diagnosed FSDs. It initially focuses on hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) as a driving force at the heart of all other FSDs; nothing happens without sexual desire. Successful resolution of HSDD frequently facilitates resolution of other disorders. Central to understanding HSDD is the impact of aging female sexual endocrinology and its effect on both prevalence and expression patterns of FSD. Advances in this field have enabled introduction of some the most effective treatments yet described for HSDD. Sexual arousal disorder, though commonly affected by the same factors as HSDD, is heavily associated with psychotropic drugs and mood elevators. Orgasmic disorder is frequently the downstream result of other sexual dysfunctions, particularly HSDD, or the result of a major psychosexual trauma. Successful management of the underlying disorder often resolves orgasmic disorder. Sexual pain disorder is frequently the result of a gynecologic disorder, such as endometriosis, that can be substantially managed through successful treatment of that disorder. This article ends with the article's most important note: how to initiate the conversation. PMID:24074537

Buster, John E

2013-10-01

440

Sexual rights and disability.  

PubMed

This paper argues against Appel's recent proposal-in this journal-that there is a fundamental human right to sexual pleasure, and that therefore the sexual pleasure of severely disabled people should be publicly funded-by thereby partially legalising prostitution. An alternative is proposed that does not need to pose a new positive human right; does not need public funding; does not need the legalisation of prostitution; and that would offer a better experience to the severely disabled: charitable non-profit organisations whose members would voluntarily and freely provide sexual pleasure to the severely disabled. PMID:21059634

Di Nucci, Ezio

2010-11-08

441

AIDS and human sexuality.  

PubMed

The sexual behaviours placing an individual at risk for HIV infection are those also placing him/her at risk for gonorrhoea, syphilis, hepatitis B, chlamydia and unplanned pregnancy. This article proposes that approaches to HIV prevention must be included within a broad context of human sexuality. To address disease prevention in the absence of including people's relationships, social, behavioural and emotional needs is futile. Compartmentalization, denial of risk by various populations, and societal barriers are all factors to be overcome in the fight against HIV transmission. Specific strategies involved in a comprehensive approach are outlined under the categories of predisposing, enabling and reinforcing factors contributing to healthy sexual behaviour. PMID:8481861

Smith, L L; Lathrop, L M

442

Objectification Theory and Sexual Health among Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study used objectification theory as a framework through which to explore the effect of interpersonal objectification, self-objectification, and indicators of selfobjectification (body shame, general surveillance, and surveillance during sexual activity) on women’s sexual health, including sexual subjectivity (sexual body esteem, sexual selfreflection, and entitlement and efficacy in attaining pleasure), sexual functioning, and risky sexual behaviors. It was hypothesized that

Kara Lustig

2012-01-01

443

Informal Sexuality Education in Schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexuality education occurs both formally and informally in the public school system. This study sought to assess sexuality education in Indiana public schools-the classroom curricula as well as students' sexuality-related questions. Data were collected from teachers, nurses, and counselors (N = 399) pertaining to the inclusion of specific topics in sexuality education courses; sexuality-related questions received from students; and reported

Amanda Tanner; Michael Reece; Laurie Legocki; Maresa Murray

2007-01-01

444

Sexual Dysfunction in Parkinson's Disease  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual dysfunction is common in Parkinson's disease (PD). We investigated the premorbid and present sexual functioning of 75 people with PD (32 women and 43 men). Women reported difficulties with arousal (87.5%), with reaching orgasm (75.0%), with low sexual desire (46.9%), and wih sexual dissatisfaction (37.5%). Men reported erectile dysfunction (68.4%), sexual dissatisfaction (65.1%), premature ejaculation (40.6%), and difficulties reaching

GILA BRONNER; VLADIMIR ROYTER; AMOS D. KORCZYN; NIR GILADI

2004-01-01

445

Lesbian and bisexual women's human rights, sexual rights and sexual citizenship: negotiating sexual health in England  

Microsoft Academic Search

Lesbian and bisexual women's sexual health is neglected in much Government policy and practice in England and Wales. This paper examines lesbian and bisexual women's negotiation of sexual health, drawing on findings from a small research project. Themes explored include invisibility and lack of information, influences on decision-making and sexual activities and experiences of services and barriers to sexual healthcare.

Eleanor Formby

2011-01-01

446

Everyday Victimization of Adolescent Girls by Boys: Sexual Harassment, Bullying or Aggression?  

Microsoft Academic Search

School-based sexual harassment of adolescent girls by boys appears commonplace, yet aggression and bullying studies rarely\\u000a yield sexualized material. This qualitative Australian study with 72 14- to 15-year-olds and 7 teachers aimed to discover\\u000a whether interviewer use of neutral language in gender-segregated focus groups and interviews would yield material indicating\\u000a that the victimization of girls by boys is sexualized. Verbal

Rosalyn Shute; Larry Owens; Phillip Slee

2008-01-01

447

The Influence of Explicitly and Implicitly Measured Prejudice on Interpretations of and Reactions to Black Film  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present research focused on how explicitly and implicitly measured attitudes toward Blacks influenced interpretations of film and how film, in turn, influenced explicitly and implicitly measured attitudes toward Blacks. In Study 1, explicit and implicit attitudes toward Blacks were measured online, and participants later watched the film Remember the Titans and made judgments about the film. Explicitly measured attitudes

Cassie A. Eno; David R. Ewoldsen

2010-01-01

448

Cerebral Differences in Explicit and Implicit Emotional Processing – An fMRI Study  

Microsoft Academic Search

The processing of emotional facial expression is a major part of social communication and understanding. In addition to explicit processing, facial expressions are also processed rapidly and automatically in the absence of explicit awareness. We investigated 12 healthy subjects by presenting them with an implicit and explicit emotional paradigm. The subjects reacted significantly faster in implicit than in explicit trials

J. Scheuerecker; T. Frodl; N. Koutsouleris; T. Zetzsche; M. Wiesmann; A. M. Kleemann; H. Brückmann; G. Schmitt; H.-J. Möller; E. M. Meisenzahl

2007-01-01

449

Discrepancies between implicit and explicit motivation and unhealthy eating behavior.  

PubMed

Many people change their eating behavior as a consequence of stress. One source of stress is intrapersonal psychological conflict as caused by discrepancies between implicit and explicit motives. In the present research, we examined whether eating behavior is related to this form of stress. Study 1 (N=53), a quasi-experimental study in the lab, showed that the interaction between the implicit achievement motive disposition and explicit commitment toward an achievement task significantly predicts the number of snacks consumed in a consecutive taste test. In cross-sectional Study 2 (N=100), with a sample of middle-aged women, overall motive discrepancy was significantly related to diverse indices of unsettled eating. Regression analyses revealed interaction effects specifically for power and achievement motivation and not for affiliation. Emotional distress further partially mediated the relationship between the overall motive discrepancy and eating behavior. PMID:20545817

Job, Veronika; Oertig, Daniela; Brandstätter, Veronika; Allemand, Mathias

2010-06-01

450

Highly stable explicit technique for stiff reaction-transport PDEs  

SciTech Connect

The numerical simulation of chemically reacting flows is a topic that has attracted a great deal of current research. At the heart of numerical reactive flow simulations are large sets of coupled, nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). Due to the stiffness that is usually present, explicit time differencing schemes are not used despite their inherent simplicity and efficiency on parallel and vector machines, since these schemes require prohibitively small numerical stepsizes. Implicit time differencing schemes, although possessing good stability characteristics, introduce a great deal of computational overhead necessary to solve the simultaneous algebraic system at each timestep. This paper proposes an algorithm based on a preconditioned time differencing scheme. The algorithm is explicit and permits a large stable time step. A study of the algorithm's performance on a parallel architecture is presented.

Aro, C. J., LLNL

1996-12-01

451

Explicit Guidance of Ballistic Entry Using Improved Matched Asymptotic Expansions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study presents a means of explicit guidance for ballistic entry using an improved method of matched asymptotic expansions. The trajectory of ballistic entry into a planetary atmosphere is still an important and often critical phase of a mission. In the paper, feedback control via drag modulation is used to guide the vehicle during the atmospheric entry, whereas a matched asymptotic solution for the entry trajectory is available to aim the target. The feedback control ensures the stability of a trajectory around the nominal trajectory by compensating for the non-linear terms in the motion of the vehicle. Using the improved method of matched asymptotic expansions, the control algorithms for the guidance law are derived explicitly and tested against the 1976 U.S. Standard Atmosphere. Simulation results indicate that the control algorithms can effectively control the trajectories in the lower atmosphere under the targeting dispersions of atmospheric variations.

Kuo, Zeal-Sain; Liu, Kuo-Chung; Chang, Yun-Sheng

452

Sex-Specific Content Preferences for Visual Sexual Stimuli  

PubMed Central

Although experimental studies support that men generally respond more to visual sexual stimuli than do women, there is substantial variability in this effect. One potential source of variability is the type of stimuli used that may not be of equal interest to both men and women whose preferences may be dependent upon the activities and situations depicted. The current study investigated whether men and women had preferences for certain types of stimuli. We measured the subjective evaluations and viewing times of 15 men and 30 women (15 using hormonal contraception) to sexually explicit photos. Heterosexual participants viewed 216 pictures that were controlled for the sexual activity depicted, gaze of the female actor, and the proportion of the image that the genital region occupied. Men and women did not differ in their overall interest in the stimuli, indicated by equal subjective ratings and viewing times, although there were preferences for specific types of pictures. Pictures of the opposite sex receiving oral sex were rated as least sexually attractive by all participants and they looked longer at pictures showing the female actor’s body. Women rated pictures in which the female actor was looking indirectly at the camera as more attractive, while men did not discriminate by female gaze. Participants did not look as long at close-ups of genitals, and men and women on oral contraceptives rated genital images as less sexually attractive. Together, these data demonstrate sex-specific preferences for specific types of stimuli even when, across stimuli, overall interest was comparable.

Rupp, Heather A.; Wallen, Kim

2009-01-01

453

Men and Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... to Women - Return from War - PTSD and Communities - PTSD Research - Mobile Apps - Páginas en Español - Videos - Web Links PROFESSIONAL ABOUT US PTSD Awareness Month Men and Sexual Trauma Men and ...

454

Rape (sexual assault) - overview  

MedlinePLUS

Sex and rape; Date rape; Sexual assault ... Rape may occur between members of the same sex. This is more common in places such as prisons, military settings, and single-sex schools. People with physical or mental disabilities or ...

455

The Sexual Assault Examination  

PubMed Central

The sexual assault examination poses many problems for physicians. They must deal not only with the patient's physical and emotional trauma, but also collect forensic evidence, and provide proper treatment and follow-up. Patient management has been simplified and improved in Ontario by a standardized sexual assault examination kit. It has been used at McMaster University's Regional Sexual Assault Centre since its establishment in 1979. The first step in managing victims is ensuring their wellbeing, and treating them sympathetically. The kit provides information on consent, taking the sexual assault history, recording the patient's emotional status, and treatment guidelines. It also contains equipment and instructions on collecting clothing and body evidence, and on the genital and anal examination. The collection of good forensic evidence can decrease the need for doctors and nurses to testify in court. ImagesFig. 1

Hargot, L. A.

1985-01-01

456

Sexuality After Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... breast cancer treatment Emotional aspects of breast cancer Body image after breast cancer treatment Sexuality after breast cancer ... treatment for breast cancer stops working Previous Topic Body image after breast cancer treatment Next Topic Pregnancy after ...

457

Female Sexual Dysfunction  

MedlinePLUS

... after removal of the ovaries* Psychological and Emotional Causes Mental distress: stress, anxiety, depression, eating disorders, past sexual abuse, fear of unwanted pregnancy Relationship issues: boredom, anger, power struggles, ...

458

Female sexual dysfunction  

MedlinePLUS

... women was thought to be largely due to psychological problems. Recent research is beginning to uncover many ... women. While many sexual problems have an underlying psychological component, possible physical causes must be ruled out ...

459

Understanding Sexual Violence  

MedlinePLUS

... and behaviors in their kids. • Creating policies at work, at school, and in other places that address sexual harassment. • Developing mass media (e.g., radio, TV, magazines, newspapers) messages that promote norms, or ...

460

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson describes how meiosis makes sexual reproduction possible. Specifically, meiosis produces haploid cells and allows for genetic variation. Key terms in this lesson are hyperlinked so students can easily find definitions to new words.

461

Teen Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... to have sex. If you choose to have sex, however, latex condoms are the best protection against sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Condoms are also a form of birth control to help prevent pregnancy.

462

Sexuality and Dementia  

MedlinePLUS

Home > Newsletters > Connections newsletter - Archives > Spring 2001 > Sexuality and Dementia E-mail to a Friend Printable Version ©Family Caregiver Alliance Coping with Changes in Your Intimate Relationship How has your relationship ...

463

Factors Mediating the Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Risky Sexual Behavior Among College Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed 157 college women regarding sexual abuse, age at first intercourse, reactions to first intercourse, sexual attitudes, and sexual risk behavior outcomes to clarify the relationship between early sexual experiences and risky sexual behavior. Women who had been sexually abused in childhood reported greater numbers of lifetime sexual partners. This relationship was partially explained by adolescent\\/adult sexual abuse, age

Mary E. Randolph; Katie E. Mosack

2006-01-01

464

Multidimensional characterization of sexual minority adolescents' sexual safety strategies.  

PubMed

Young adults have high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexual minority youths' risk for STIs, including HIV, is as high as or higher than sexual majority peers'. Sexual safety, while often treated as a single behavior such as condom use, can be best conceptualized as the result of multiple factors. We used latent class analysis to identify profiles based on ever-used sexual safety strategies and lifetime number of partners among 425 self-identified LGBTQ youth aged 14-19. Data collection took place anonymously online. We identified four specific subgroup profiles for males and three for females, with each subgroup representing a different level and type of sexual safety. Profiles differed from each other in terms of age and outness for males, and in outness, personal homonegativity, and amount of education received about sexual/romantic relationships for females. Youths' sexual safety profiles have practice implications for sexuality educators, health care professionals, and parents. PMID:24011111

Masters, N Tatiana; Beadnell, Blair; Morrison, Diane M; Hoppe, Marilyn J; Wells, Elizabeth A

2013-08-13

465

Explicit versus implicit solvent modeling of Raman optical activity spectra.  

PubMed

Raman and Raman optical activity (ROA) spectra of molecules reflect not only molecular structure and conformation but also the dynamics and interactions with the solvent. For polar, biologically relevant molecules in aqueous environment, this often complicates the band assignment and interpretation of the spectra. In the present study, implicit dielectric and explicit solvent models are compared with respect to the influence of the choice of solvent model on the spectral shape. Lactamide and 2-aminopropanol were selected as model compounds, and the Raman and ROA spectra were measured for both enantiomers. Geometries of explicitly solvated clusters were derived from quantum-mechanical calculations, classical (MD), and Car-Parrinello (CPMD) molecular dynamics. The results indicate that although the dielectric model reasonably well reproduces the main spectral features, more faithful intensity profiles, including the inhomogeneous band broadening, are obtained from the explicit MD and CPMD clusters. Additionally, the CPMD clusters are capable of reproducing most spectral features better than the classical dynamics, provided the simulation time is long enough to allow for a complete sampling of the conformational space. The hydrogen-bonded water molecules of the first hydration shell significantly influence the spectral intensities, whereas the effect of loosely attached or distant solvent molecules is minor. In order to average the signal, however, a relatively large number of MD geometries need to be considered, as was also exemplified by simulations of the ROA spectrum of the achiral molecule glycine. An explicit solvent modeling of sizable systems thus requires extensive computations, which became possible only recently due to the development of efficient analytical computational techniques. PMID:21417248

Hopmann, Kathrin H; Ruud, Kenneth; Pecul, Magdalena; Kudelski, Andrzej; Dra?ínský, Martin; Bou?, Petr

2011-03-21

466

Combined implicit\\/explicit algorithms for crashworthiness analysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

In order to simulate an industrial process, an explicit method, which is conditionally stable, is the most adapted while the non-linearities evolve rapidly (impact phase, stamping process, etc.). But when the dynamics becomes quasi-linear (post-impact analysis, springback simulation, etc.), an implicit method, which is iterative, presents the advantage of unconditional stability. The optimal solution is then to have both implicit

L. Noels; L. Stainier; J.-P. Ponthot

2004-01-01

467

The Development of Explicit Memory for Basic Perceptual Features  

Microsoft Academic Search

In three experiments with 164 individuals between 4 and 80 years old, we examined age-related changes in explicit memory for three perceptual features—item identity, color, and location. In Experiments 1–2, feature recognition was assessed in an incidental learning, gamelike task resembling the game Concentration. In Experiment 3, feature recognition was assessed using a pencil-and-paper task after intentional learning instructions. The

Michelle Gulya; Alba Rossi-George; Kristin Hartshorn; Aurora Vieira; Carolyn Rovee-Collier; Marcia K. Johnson; Barbara L. Chalfonte

2002-01-01

468

The explicit and implicit dance in psychoanalytic change  

Microsoft Academic Search

New research findings of the development and organization of the mind, brain,andbehaviorbolstertheongoingrelational-orintersubjective-field paradigmatic revision of psychoanalytic theory. A multisystems view of learning, memory, and knowledge provide us with a more complex pic- ture of information processing that has fundamental implications for a psychoanalytic theory of therapeutic action. If the implicit and explicit learning\\/memory systems are viewed as parallel processes, not

James L. Fosshage

2004-01-01

469

Explicit photochemical mechanism for atmospheric oxidation of n-butane  

SciTech Connect

Alkanes, being an important component of atmosphere, serve as precursors to ozone formation in urban and rural air masses. An explicit photochemical oxidation mechanism for n-butane, which is the major hydrocarbon component of automobile exhaust, is created in this work. The yields of organic nitrates from n-butane, n-pentane, and methyl ethyl ketone photooxidations were studied in Teflon bag and smog chamber experiments. Comparing with the expression currently using the most atmospheric model studies, the total butyl nitrates yield obtained in this work is about 36% lower, and the ratio of primary to secondary butyl nitrates is slightly higher. It is shown in this work that the yields of hydroxyl and carbonyl butyl nitrates are very low, and can be ignored in the explicit photochemical mechanisms. The explicit photochemical oxidation mechanism for methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) was created first because it is the major product from photooxidation of n-butane. The explicit photochemical oxidation mechanism for n-butane, created later, draws on the MEK mechanism. The mechanisms were tested by comparing model predictions with experimental observations from smog chamber experiments. The comparisons were conducted for species which had experimental observation data, such as O[sub 3], NO, and NO[sub 2], n-butane, MEK, organic nitrates, and aldehydes species. The sixteen smog chamber experiments, used in model simulations, were conducted during 1978 to 1992. The mechanisms are mainly based on the available kinetic data in literature and the experimental result in this work. The rate constants for some reactions in the mechanisms were adjusted to make a better fit with the experimental observations. These reactions were: reaction of OH and n-butane to form secondary butyl peroxy radical, decomposition of secondary butoxy radical, and reaction of OH and MEK.

Wen, L.

1992-01-01

470

Explicit solutions for exit-only radioactive decay chains  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we extended Bateman's [Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 15, 423 (1910)] original work for solving radioactive decay chains and explicitly derived analytic solutions for generic exit-only radioactive decay problems under given initial conditions. Instead of using the conventional Laplace transform for solving Bateman's equations, we used a much simpler algebraic approach. Finally, we discuss methods of breaking down certain classes of large decay chains into collections of simpler chains for easy handling.

Yuan, Ding; Kernan, Warnick

2007-05-01

471

Exact and explicit solitary wave solutions to some nonlinear equations  

SciTech Connect

Exact and explicit solitary wave solutions are obtained for some physically interesting nonlinear evolutions and wave equations in physics and other fields by using a special transformation. These equations include the KdV-Burgers equation, the MKdV-Burgers equation, the combined KdV-MKdV equation, the Newell-Whitehead equation, the dissipative {Phi}{sup 4}-model equation, the generalized Fisher equation, and the elastic-medium wave equation.

Jiefang Zhang [Zhejiang Normal Univ., Jinhua (China)

1996-08-01

472

Damping algorithms and effects for explicit dynamics computations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper presents two damping algorithms for explicit dynamics computations. These algorithms are intended to provide damping for the high-frequency structural responses that occur under low pressures. One of the algorithms uses a dimensionless form of the Navier–Stokes viscosity and the other uses a velocity smoothing technique. Both algorithms can be used to effectively damp the high-frequency oscillations. Examples are

Gordon R. Johnson; Stephen R. Beissel

2001-01-01

473

Explicit Reciprocity Law for Lubin–Tate Formal Groups  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this article, using Fontaine’s ??–module theory, we give a new proof of Coleman’s explicit reciprocity law, which generalizes\\u000a that of Artin–Hasse, Iwasawa andWiles, by giving a complete formula for the norm residue symbol on Lubin–Tate groups. The\\u000a method used here is different from the classical ones and can be used to study the Iwasawa theory of crystalline representations.

Lei Cao

2006-01-01

474

Optimal control of timed continuous Petri nets via explicit MPC ?  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper we deal with the problem of controlling timed continuous Petri nets in order to reach a flnal (steady state) conflguration while minimizing a quadratic performance index. The formulation of a discrete-time linear positive model with dynamic (or state-based) constraints on the control input, enables us to design a state-feedback control law based on explicit model predictive control

A. Giu; C. Mahulea; L. Recalde; C. Seatzu; M. Silva

475

Explicit bounds on some new nonlinear integral inequalities with delay  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The purpose of the present note is to establish some new delay integral inequalities, which provide explicit bounds on unknown functions and generalize some results of Li et al. [Some new delay integral inequalities and their applications, J. Comput. Appl. Math. 180 (2005) 191-200]. The inequalities given here can be used to investigate the qualitative properties of certain delay differential equations and delay integral equations.

Jiang, Fangcui; Meng, Fanwei

2007-08-01

476

Generating Explicit Self-Organizing Maps by Information Maximization  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a In this paper, we propose a new information theoretic method for self-organizing maps. In realizing competition, neither the\\u000a winner-all-take algorithm nor lateral inhibition is used. Instead, the new method is based upon mutual information maximization\\u000a between input patterns and competitive units. Thus, competition processes are flexibly controlled to produce explicit self-organizing\\u000a maps. We applied our method to a road classification

Ryotaro Kamimura; Haruhiko Takeuchi

2003-01-01

477

Implicit and Explicit Camera Calibration: Theory and Experiments  

Microsoft Academic Search

By implicit camera calibration, we mean the process of calibrating a camera without explicitly computing its physical parameters. Implicit calibration can be used for both three-dimensional (3-D) measurement and generation of image coordinates. In this paper, we present a new implicit model based on the generalized projective mappings between the image plane and two calibration planes. The back-projection and projection

Guo-qing Wei; Song De Ma

1994-01-01

478

Software Implementation of Explicit DMC Algorithm with Improved Dependability  

Microsoft Academic Search

The paper presents an approach to improve the dependability of software implementation of the explicit DMC (Dynamic Matrix\\u000a Control) Model Predictive Control (MPC) algorithm. The investigated DMC algorithm is implemented for a control system of a\\u000a rectification column - a process with strong cross-couplings and significant time delays. The control plant has two manipulated\\u000a inputs and two outputs. The fault

Piotr Gawkowski; Maciej ?awry?czuk; Piotr Marusak; Piotr Tatjewski; Janusz Sosnowski

479

The implications of sexual narcissism for sexual and marital satisfaction.  

PubMed

There is theoretical reason to believe narcissism is associated with a number of sexual behaviors and outcomes that affect both sexual and relationship satisfaction. Nevertheless, research on the association between personality and behavior demonstrates that personality traits, such as narcissism, only predict behavior in domains that activate the components of the personality system. Given that global assessments of narcissism do not capture the extent to which the components of narcissism are activated in the sexual domain, we examined the extent to which the facets of a domain-specific measure of sexual narcissism accounted for the trajectories of own and partner sexual and marital satisfaction over the first five years of 120 new marriages. Three of the four facets of sexual narcissism (sexual exploitation, sexual entitlement, and low sexual empathy) were negatively associated with both trajectories. The fourth facet (sexual skill) was positively associated with both trajectories. Notably, sexual satisfaction mediated the effect of every facet of sexual narcissism on marital satisfaction. A global assessment of narcissism was not associated with either trajectory of satisfaction. These findings highlight (1) the importance of narcissistic tendencies for sexual processes, (2) the benefits of using domain-specific measures of personality in research on sexual behavior, and (3) the importance of examining the implications of the specific facets of personality constructs. PMID:23297145

McNulty, James K; Widman, Laura

2013-01-08

480

Explicit Mentalizing Mechanisms and Their Adaptive Role in Memory Conformity  

PubMed Central

Memory conformity occurs when an individual endorses what other individuals remember about past events. Research on memory conformity is currently dominated by a ‘forensic’ perspective, which views the phenomenon as inherently undesirable. This is because conformity not only distorts the accuracy of an individual's memory, but also produces false corroboration between individuals, effects that act to undermine criminal justice systems. There is growing awareness, however, that memory conformity may be interpreted more generally as an adaptive social behavior regulated by explicit mentalizing mechanisms. Here, we provide novel evidence in support of this emerging alternative theoretical perspective. We carried out a memory conformity experiment which revealed that explicit belief-simulation (i.e. using one's own beliefs to model what other people believe) systematically biases conformity towards like-minded individuals, even when there is no objective evidence that they have a more accurate memory than dissimilar individuals. We suggest that this bias is functional, i.e. adaptive, to the extent that it fosters trust, and hence cooperation, between in-group versus out-group individuals. We conclude that memory conformity is, in more fundamental terms, a highly desirable product of explicit mentalizing mechanisms that promote adaptive forms of social learning and cooperation.

Wheeler, Rebecca; Allan, Kevin; Tsivilis, Dimitris; Martin, Douglas; Gabbert, Fiona

2013-01-01

481

Explicit Integration of Extremely Stiff Reaction Networks: Partial Equilibrium Methods  

SciTech Connect

In two preceding papers [1,2] we have shown that, when reaction networks are well removed from equilibrium, explicit asymptotic and quasi-steady-state approximations can give algebraically stabilized integration schemes that rival standard implicit methods in accuracy and speed for extremely stiff systems. However, we also showed that these explicit methods remain accurate but are no longer competitive in speed as the network approaches equilibrium. In this paper we analyze this failure and show that it is associated with the presence of fast equilibration timescales that neither asymptotic nor quasi-steady-state approximations are able to remove efficiently from the numerical integration. Based on this understanding, we develop a partial equilibrium method to deal effectively with the new partial equilibrium methods, give an integration scheme that plausibly can deal with the stiffest networks, even in the approach to equilibrium, with accuracy and speed competitive with that of implicit methods. Thus we demonstrate that algebraically stabilized explicit methods may offer alternatives to implicit integration of even extremely stiff systems, and that these methods may permit integration of much larger networks than have been feasible previously in a variety of fields.

Guidry, Mike W [ORNL; Billings, J. J. [Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL); Hix, William Raphael [ORNL

2013-01-01

482

Facial structure is indicative of explicit support for prejudicial beliefs.  

PubMed

We present three studies examining whether male facial width-to-height ratio (fWHR) is correlated with racial prejudice and whether observers are sensitive to fWHR when assessing prejudice in other people. Our results indicate that males with a greater fWHR are more likely to explicitly endorse racially prejudicial beliefs, though fWHR was unrelated to implicit bias. Participants evaluated targets with a greater fWHR as more likely to be prejudiced and accurately evaluated the degree to which targets reported prejudicial attitudes. Finally, compared with majority-group members, racial-minority participants reported greater motivation to accurately evaluate prejudice. This motivation mediated the relationship between minority- or majority-group membership and the accuracy of evaluations of prejudice, which indicates that motivation augments sensitivity to fWHR. Together, the results of these three studies demonstrate that fWHR is a reliable indicator of explicitly endorsed racial prejudice and that observers can use fWHR to accurately assess another person's explicit prejudice. PMID:23389425

Hehman, Eric; Leitner, Jordan B; Deegan, Matthew P; Gaertner, Samuel L

2013-02-06

483

Explicit mentalizing mechanisms and their adaptive role in memory conformity.  

PubMed

Memory conformity occurs when an individual endorses what other individuals remember about past events. Research on memory conformity is currently dominated by a 'forensic' perspective, which views the phenomenon as inherently undesirable. This is because conformity not only distorts the accuracy of an individual's memory, but also produces false corroboration between individuals, effects that act to undermine criminal justice systems. There is growing awareness, however, that memory conformity may be interpreted more generally as an adaptive social behavior regulated by explicit mentalizing mechanisms. Here, we provide novel evidence in support of this emerging alternative theoretical perspective. We carried out a memory conformity experiment which revealed that explicit belief-simulation (i.e. using one's own beliefs to model what other people believe) systematically biases conformity towards like-minded individuals, even when there is no objective evidence that they have a more accurate memory than dissimilar individuals. We suggest that this bias is functional, i.e. adaptive, to the extent that it fosters trust, and hence cooperation, between in-group versus out-group individuals. We conclude that memory conformity is, in more fundamental terms, a highly desirable product of explicit mentalizing mechanisms that promote adaptive forms of social learning and cooperation. PMID:23637974

Wheeler, Rebecca; Allan, Kevin; Tsivilis, Dimitris; Martin, Douglas; Gabbert, Fiona

2013-04-18

484

Personality and Sexual Relations  

Microsoft Academic Search

This investigation examined the links between self-monitoring propensities and orientations toward sexual relations. A factor analysis of behavioral and attitudinal survey data revealed that high self-monitoring individuals tend to establish an unrestricted orientation toward sexual relations (such that they may engage in sex with others to whom they are not necessarily psychologically close), whereas low self-monitoring individuals tend to establish

Mark Snyder; Jeffry A. Simpson; Steve Gangestad

1986-01-01

485

Gender and Sexual Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hypotheses are evaluated in thisinvestigation of gender differences in the attitudinaland behavioral correlates of sexual risk. The“difference in magnitude” hypothesispredicts that the same factors are implicated for women and men butdifferences occur in the strength of correlates.Alternatively, women may engage in sexual risk fordifferent reasons than do men, leading to a“difference in pattern” hypothesis. We compared these possibilitieswith a

Nancy J. Bell; Keri K. O'Neal; Du Feng; Carol J. Schoenrock

1999-01-01

486

[Acquiring a sexual identity].  

PubMed

Progressive acquisition from childhood onwards to adulthood of a procreative and psycho-emotional sexual identity is presented in all its bio-psycho-social complexity. Gender identity disorders (GDI) and the different sexual orientations (hetero-, homo- or bisexual) are included with their possible etiologies. Different medico-psycho-social programs and projects are presented targeting persons having difficulties in this developmental process of their identity. PMID:23547360

Kjellberg, G

2013-03-20

487

Melanocortins in sexual function  

Microsoft Academic Search

The melanocortin system is involved in mainly regulatory activity in many physiologic systems. Of the five subtypes of receptors,\\u000a the MC4R appears most associated with sexual modulation. The MC4R subtype is found in the central nervous system in sites\\u000a known to be associated with sexual function, and preclinical evidence points to the importance of regions of the hypothalamus.\\u000a There is

Jeremy P. W. Heaton; Alvaro Morales; Michael A. Adams

2004-01-01

488

Sexual Reproduction in Ferns  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a This work summarizes the mechanisms involved in sexual reproduction in the gametophyte of pteridophyta, which is selected\\u000a as experimental system due to its morphological simplicity, and the lack of connections with the mother plant.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a A better knowledge about the mechanisms involved in sexual reproduction has important repercussions in the plant world, and\\u000a could contribute to exploiting ­interesting species in a

V. Menéndez; E. Peredo; M. Méndez; A. Revilla; H. Fernández

489

Sexual Selection and Speciation  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract Sexual selection has a reputation as a major cause of speciation, one of the most potent forces driving reproductive,isolation. This rep- utation arises from,observations,that species differ most,in traits involved with mating,success and from,successful models,of sexual selection–driven speciation. But how,well proven is the case? Models confirm that the process can occur, but is strongest in conjunction with ecological or niche

Michael G. Ritchie

2007-01-01

490

The Sexual Domain of Identity: Sexual Statuses of Identity in Relation to Psychosocial Sexual Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual identity has been substantially underinvestigated relative to other aspects of identity. The purpose of this study was to document the relationship between sexual psychosocial maturity, positive sexual self-concepts, and effective sexual decision-making\\/coping styles with the identity processes that college students choose to use in defining their sexual self. Participants in the study were 275 undergraduate male and female students

Sally L. Archer; Jeremy A. Grey

2009-01-01

491

Sexual Behavior, Sexual Knowledge, and Sexual Attitudes of Emerging Adult Women: Implications for Working With Families  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to examine the sexual behavior of emerging adult women in relation to their sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and perceptions of their parents' sexual attitudes; and second, to discuss the implications of this research in working with young adult women. Three hundred and sixty-four college-age women were administered the Sexual Experiences Inventory, Miller-Fisk

Lucy H. Byno; Ronald L. Mullis; Ann K. Mullis

2009-01-01

492

HIV prevention, structural change and social values: the need for an explicit normative approach  

PubMed Central

Background The fact that HIV prevention often deals with politicised sexual and drug taking behaviour is well known, but structural HIV prevention interventions in particular can involve alteration of social arrangements over which there may be further contested values at stake. As such, normative frameworks are required to inform HIV prevention decisions and avoid conflicts between social goals. Methods This paper provides a conceptual review and discussion of the normative issues surrounding structural HIV prevention strategies. It applies political and ethical concepts to explore the contested nature of HIV planning and suggests conceptual frameworks to inform future structural HIV responses. Results HIV prevention is an activity that cannot be pursued without making value judgements; it is inherently political. Appeals to health outcomes alone are insufficient when intervention strategies have broader social impacts, or when incidence reduction can be achieved at the expense of other social values such as freedom, equality, or economic growth. This is illustrated by the widespread unacceptability of forced isolation which may be efficacious in preventing spread of infectious agents, but conflicts with other social values. Conclusions While no universal value system exists, the capability approach provides one potential framework to help overcome seeming contradictions or value trade-offs in structural HIV prevention approaches. However, even within the capability approach, valuations must still be made. Making normative values explicit in decision making processes is required to ensure transparency, accountability, and representativeness of the public interest, while ensuring structural HIV prevention efforts align with broader social development goals as well.

Parkhurst, Justin O

2012-01-01

493

Connecting developmental constructions to the internet: identity presentation and sexual exploration in online teen chat rooms.  

PubMed

The authors examined the online construction of identity and sexuality in a large sample of conversations from monitored and unmonitored teen chat rooms. More than half of the 583 participants (identified by a distinct screen name) communicated identity information, most frequently gender. In this way, participants compensated for the text-based chat environment by providing information about themselves that would be visible and obvious in face-to-face communication. Sexual themes constituted 5% of all utterances (1 sexual comment per minute); bad or obscene language constituted 3% of the sample (1 obscenity every 2 minutes). Participants who self-identified as female produced more implicit sexual communication, participants who self-identified as male produced more explicit sexual communication. The protected environment of monitored chat (hosts who enforce basic behavioral rules) contained an environment with less explicit sexuality and fewer obscenities than the freer environment of unmonitored chat. These differences were attributable both to the monitoring process itself and to the differing populations attracted to each type of chat room (monitored: more participants self-identified as younger and female; unmonitored: more participants self-identified as older and male). PMID:16756432

Subrahmanyam, Kaveri; Smahel, David; Greenfield, Patricia

2006-05-01

494

[Cardiovascular disease and sexuality].  

PubMed

Sexual activity corresponds to light to moderate physical exercise and entails no significant risk to the majority of patients with cardiovascular disease. In patients suffering from severe angina or chronic heart failure, however, sexual activity might trigger coital angina or cardiac decompensation necessitating hospitalization. Nevertheless, even for patients with coronary artery disease the absolute risk of having a heart attack or fatal event during sexual activity is extremely low. Due to systemic atherosclerosis and concomitant endothelial dysfunction the prevalence of sexual dysfunction is higher in patients with cardiovascular disease as compared to the general population. PDE-5 inhibitors can be safely used by many patients suffering from both, cardiovascular disease and sexual dysfunction as long as no concomitant medication with nitrates exists. The concomitant use of PDE-5 inhibitors and nitrates is strictly contraindicated because of the risk of life-threatening hypotension. It is therefore of utmost importance to ask patients presenting with coital angina about PDE-5 inhibitor intake before the administration of nitrate-based anti-ischemic therapies. The recommendations of the Princeton Consensus Conference provide a useful framework for risk stratification and counseling of patients with cardiovascular disease regarding sexual activity. PMID:20235042

Pfister, Otmar

2010-03-01

495

Multi-scale Sheet Metal Forming Analyses by using Dynamic Explicit Homogenized Finite Element Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, the homogenization method has been proposed to predict the macroscopic material properties and characteristics of deformation by considering periodicity of poly crystal microstructure (Terada et al., 1996; Miehe, 1999,2002). We have developed the dynamic explicit finite element (FE) analysis code by using a crystallographic homogenization method. This multi-scale analysis can couple the microscopic crystal plasticity inhomogeneous deformation with the macroscopic continuum deformation. In this homogenization process, the stress at the macro scale is defined by the volume average of those of the corresponding microscopic crystal aggregations in satisfying the equation of motion and compatibility condition in the micro scale ``unit-cell,'' where the periodicity of deformation is satisfied. And this FEM has shown more reasonable prediction of plastic deformation for simulating the polycrystalline materials (Nakamachi et al. 2004). In this study, we try to determine the unit-cell of AL6022-T43 by using the EBSD measurement. The dynamic explicit crystallographic homogenization finite element analysis code was applied to simulate the limiting dome height test (LDH). The localized distribution of thickness strain and the texture evolution are obtained, and the effect of the numbers of the element in microstructure is found out.

Tam, Nguyen Ngoc; Okada, Kenji; Nakamura, Yasunori; Nakamachi, Eiji

2005-08-01

496

The problem with protection: Or, why we need to move towards recognition and the sexual agency of children  

Microsoft Academic Search

Drawing on historical and contemporary reform narratives, we highlight the implications of and problems with the discourse of protection and its conceptualization of childhood sexuality. Within the reform materials discussed, the child's sexuality is constructed as the result of a dangerous and socially unacceptable outside stimulus, and as a result, any realization of subjective sexual expression is rendered abhorrent and

R. Danielle Egan; Gail Hawkes

2009-01-01

497

[Pornography and sexual abuse in the Internet].  

PubMed

Internet pornography has been regarded as either stimulating sexual aggression and abuse or as serving as a safety valve. This controversy is an important issue in health, media and legal politics. According to empirical studies on pornography in general, soft-core pornography and nonviolent pornography can be regarded as harmless, whereas non-violent hard-core pornography and violent pornography may increase aggression. Individuals with a high risk for sexual aggression show more interest in violent pornography and are stimulated more strongly through such material. Two case histories illustrate the characteristics of internet pornography and "cybersex": easy access, anonymity, affordability, wide range and deviation of the material, unlimited market, blurring the borders between consumer and producer, interactive communication, space for experimenting between fantasy and in real-life behavior, virtual identities, easy contact between offender and victim or among offenders, and low risk of apprehension. The phenomenon of "sexual addiction" (or paraphilia- related disorder) is particularly relevant for the problematic use of internet pornography. Preventive measures to protect possible victims are presented as well as treatment strategies for offenders. Beside limiting access to the internet, these include therapy of comorbid psychiatric disorders and psychological problems (social isolation, bereavement, stress- and anger-management, guilt and shame, childhood traumata, cognitive distortion, victim empathy), psychopharmacotherapy and the enhancement of a more integrative and relationship-oriented sexuality. PMID:17177094

Hill, Andreas; Briken, P; Berner, W

2007-01-01

498

Sexual harassment of psychiatric trainees: experiences and attitudes  

PubMed Central

A survey was carried out of psychiatric trainees' work-related experiences of unwanted sexual contact. A structured postal questionnaire was administered to 100 psychiatric trainees from senior house officer to specialist registrar level in a large psychiatric rotation. There was an 85% response rate; 86% (73) of the sample had experienced unwanted sexual contact, with 47% (40) experiencing deliberate touching, leaning over or cornering, and 18% (15) receiving letters, telephone calls or material of a sexual nature. Three-quarters (64) of respondents had experienced unwanted sexual contact from patients and 64% (54) from staff. Experiences and attitudes did not generally differ by gender, grade or training experience. Four out of 48 female respondents described stalking by patients. Of the 39 respondents who had reported harassment by patients, 31 felt supported by colleagues, while of the 13 who had reported harassment by colleagues, eight felt supported. Two-thirds of the respondents considered sexual harassment `sometimes' or `frequently' a problem for the profession. Diagnoses of confusional states, mania or schizophrenia made subjects less likely to consider unwanted sexual behaviour to be `sexual harassment' (86%, 80%, and 67%, respectively), but not for other diagnoses. Levels of threatening and intrusive sexual harassment are unacceptably high in this study group. Health trusts should adopt policies of `zero tolerance' and all incidents should be reported. Psychological impact on victims should be acknowledged even when the behaviour of the perpetrator can be explained by diagnosis.?

Morgan, J.; Porter, S.

1999-01-01

499

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent?  

PubMed Central

Misperceiving a woman’s platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women’s sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sexual intent in women’s behavior. However, there is evidence to suggest that this gender effect may be driven largely by a sub-group of men who are particularly prone to perceive sexual intent in women’s behavior, such as sexually coercive men and men who endorse sex-role stereotypes. Situational factors, such as alcohol use by the man or woman, provocative clothing, and dating behaviors (e.g., initiating the date or making eye contact), are all associated with increased estimates of women’s sexual interest. We also critique the current measurement strategies and introduce a model of perception that more closely maps on to important theoretical questions in this area. A clearer understanding of sexual perception errors and the etiology of these errors may serve to guide sexual-assault prevention programs toward more effective strategies.

Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A.; Viken, Richard J.; McFall, Richard M.

2010-01-01

500

Sexual satisfaction and sexual drive in spinal cord injured women.  

PubMed

Levels of sexual satisfaction and sexual drive in women with spinal cord injuries were examined. Eighty-four spinal cord injured (SCI) women and thirty-seven able-bodied (AB) control subjects completed the Derogatis Sexual Functioning Inventory which measured current level of sexual functioning in 10 areas: information, experience, drive, attitude, psychological symptoms, affect, gender role definition, fantasy, body image, and sexual satisfaction. When compared with AB women, SCI women had significantly lower levels of sexual satisfaction and sexual drive and significantly higher levels of psychological symptoms and negative affect. Among SCI women, sexual satisfaction decreased significantly with age. Among AB women, sexual satisfaction increased significantly with age. Married SCI women were no longer less sexually satisfied than AB women. Results support conclusions from previous self-report studies in which significant decreases in sexual satisfaction and drive were reported for SCI women. Implications for continued research on the psychological and physiological aspects of sexuality and sexual functioning in SCI women are discussed. PMID:9863935

Black, K; Sipski, M L; Strauss, S S

1998-07-01