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1

Associations between Young Adults' Use of Sexually Explicit Materials and Their Sexual Preferences, Behaviors, and Satisfaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined how levels of sexually explicit material (SEM) use during adolescence and young adulthood were associated with sexual preferences, sexual behaviors, and sexual and relationship satisfaction. Participants included 782 heterosexual college students (326 men and 456 women; Mage = 19.9) who completed a questionnaire online. Results revealed high frequencies and multiple types and contexts of SEM use, with men's usage

Elizabeth M. Morgan

2011-01-01

2

Adolescents' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Internet Material and Sexual Satisfaction: A Longitudinal Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The aim of this study was to investigate, within a social comparison framework, the causal relationship between adolescents' use of sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) and their sexual satisfaction. In addition, we tested which adolescents were most susceptible to a potential influence of SEIM on sexual satisfaction. Between May 2006 and…

Peter, Jochen; Valkenburg, Patti M.

2009-01-01

3

Japanese College Students' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Internet Material (SEIM) and Sexual Attitudes  

E-print Network

Date Defended: April, 22 rd , 2009 ii The Thesis Committee for Kikuko Taguchi certifies That this is the approved version... Date approved: April, 29 th , 2009 iii ABSTRACT This study examined Japanese college students? (N=476) use of sexually explicit material in mass media (i.e., print, electronic, and the Internet) and its association with their sexually permissive...

Taguchi, Kikuko

2009-05-04

4

The Influence of Sexually Explicit Internet Material on Sexual Risk Behavior: A Comparison of Adolescents and Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study had three goals: first, to investigate whether sexually explicit Internet material (SEIM) affects sexual risk behavior; second, to study whether these effects differ between adolescents and adults; and third, to analyze, separately for adolescents and adults, whether gender and age moderate an influence of SEIM on sexual risk behavior. The authors conducted a 2-wave panel survey among nationally

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2011-01-01

5

Early sexual experiences: the role of Internet access and sexually explicit material.  

PubMed

The current study investigated whether viewing X-rated movies, Internet access in the home, and gender of the participant would differ between age of first initiation for oral sex, age of first initiation for sexual intercourse, and number of sexual partners. An online sample of 437 participants with an average age of 29.46 participated in the study. Each participant completed a survey that assessed early sexual behaviors and Internet and X-rated material exposure. Results discovered males with Internet access during the ages of 12 to 17 reported significantly younger ages for first oral sex compared to males without Internet access. In addition, male and female participants with Internet access, between the ages 12 to 17, reported younger ages for first sexual intercourse compared to participants without Internet access. Study limitations and implications are discussed. PMID:18422408

Kraus, Shane W; Russell, Brenda

2008-04-01

6

Attitudinal Effects of Degrading Themes and Sexual Explicitness in Video Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the independent and interactive effects of sexual explicitness and degrading themes toward women on mens' attitudes following exposure to video presentations of male–female interactions. Subjects were 83 male college students who viewed video vignettes under one of four stimulus conditions: (a) sexually explicit\\/degrading, (b) sexually explicit\\/nondegrading, (c) nonexplicit\\/degrading, and (d) nonexplicit\\/nondegrading. Results revealed that men exposed to

Jeffrey A. Golde; Donald S. Strassberg; Charles M. Turner; Kristie Lowe

2000-01-01

7

Searching for Sexually Explicit Materials on the Internet: An Exploratory Study of College Students' Behavior and Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The convergence of sexuality messages with a computerized medium (specifically, the Internet) represents an unprecedented phenomenon with, as of yet, unknown outcomes. Despite the Internet's widespread use, little is known about users' behaviors and attitudes when searching for sexually explicit materials online. This study examined specific behaviors and outcome expectations and expectancies (or attitudes) of a sample of 506 undergraduate

Patricia Goodson; Deborah McCormick; Alexandra Evans

2001-01-01

8

Early Sexual Experiences: The Role of Internet Access and Sexually Explicit Material  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current study investigated whether viewing X-rated movies, Internet access in the home, and gender of the participant would differ between age of first initiation for oral sex, age of first initiation for sexual intercourse, and number of sexual partners. An online sample of 437 participants with an average age of 29.46 participated in the study. Each participant completed a

Shane W. Kraus; Brenda Russell

2008-01-01

9

The Use of Sexually Explicit Internet Material and Its Antecedents: A Longitudinal Comparison of Adolescents and Adults  

Microsoft Academic Search

An implicit assumption in research on adolescents’ use of sexually explicit internet material (SEIM) is that they may feel\\u000a more attracted to such material than adults, given the “forbidden” character of SEIM for minors. However, systematic comparisons\\u000a between adolescents’ and adults’ SEIM use and of its antecedents are missing. We conducted a two-wave panel survey among a\\u000a nationally representative sample

Jochen PeterPatti; Patti M. Valkenburg

10

The use of sexually explicit material in clinical, educational and research settings in the United Kingdom and its relation to the development of psychosexual therapy and sex education  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present review describes the development and use of sexually explicit material in sex education within UK psychosexual therapy clinics, medical schools and also in state?maintained secondary schools with reference to interests that have shaped the provision of sex education since the early twentieth century. A short summary of published books on sex education and sexually explicit publications is included.

Marnie Brewster; Kevan R. Wylie

2008-01-01

11

The Use of Sexually Explicit Material in Clinical, Educational and Research Settings in the United Kingdom and Its Relation to the Development of Psychosexual Therapy and Sex Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The present review describes the development and use of sexually explicit material in sex education within UK psychosexual therapy clinics, medical schools and also in state-maintained secondary schools with reference to interests that have shaped the provision of sex education since the early twentieth century. A short summary of published books…

Brewster, Marnie; Wylie, Kevan R.

2008-01-01

12

Fantasies and Exposure to Sexually Explicit Magazines.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports a study focusing on the relationship between frequency of exposure to sexually explicit magazines and the frequency of sexual and hostile-aggressive fantasies. Finds no significant relationships for "Playboy" readers, but "Penthouse" readership was best predicted by the interaction of sexual and hostile fantasies. (MS)

Malamuth, Neil M.; McIlwraith, Robert D.

1988-01-01

13

The Dormant Commerce Clause and State Regulation of the Internet: Are Laws Protecting Minors From Sexual Predators Constitutionally Different Than Those Protecting Minors From Sexually Explicit Materials?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Several states have enacted statutes to protect minors from harmful or obscene materials disseminated over the Internet, as well as from pedophiles seeking to use the Internet to lure them into sexual conduct. State and federal courts have diverged in their analysis of the Dormant Commerce Clause's impact on state regulation in these areas. While state courts have held that

Chin Pann

2005-01-01

14

Fantasies and Exposure to Sexually Explicit Magazines  

Microsoft Academic Search

We assessed whether a relationship exists between the degree of men's exposure to Playboy and Penthouse magazines and the frequency of their sexual and hostile-aggressive fantasies. No significant relationships were found between frequency of readership of Playboy and either sexual or aggressive fantasies. This finding supported the contention by Playboy's publisher that consumers are not attracted to the magazine primarily

NEIL M. MALAMUTH; ROBERT D. McILWRAITH

1988-01-01

15

Ethical Considerations in the Use of Sexually Explicit Visuals as an Instructional Methodology in College Sexuality Courses  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines ethical considerations in the use of sexually explicit materials (SEM) as an educational methodology in undergraduate human sexuality courses. While current research is lacking on the effects of this methodology on students, previous studies indicate that SEM use benefits student knowledge gain, attitude awareness, and…

Rhoades, Chuck

2008-01-01

16

The Effects of Censored and Uncensored Sexually Explicit Music on Sexual Attitudes and Perceptions of Sexual Activity  

Microsoft Academic Search

The effects of censored versus uncensored sexually explicit music on undergraduate students’ attitudes toward premarital sex, perception of peer sexual activity, and attitudes toward women were examined. Under the guise of a lyrical memory task, the experiment involved groups of participants who were randomly assigned to listen to an uncensored sexually explicit song, a censored version of the same song,

Eric L. Sprankle; Christian M. End

2009-01-01

17

Men’s Behavior Toward Women After Viewing Sexually-Explicit Films: Degradation Makes a Difference  

E-print Network

Past research indicates that short-term exposure to nonviolent sexual media stimuli can produce cognitive changes in men which, in turn, can affect their behavior toward women. This study explored differences among these behavioral effects based upon sexual degradation in film content and male viewers ’ gender schematicity, as an extension of the study of cognitive effects reported in Jansma, Linz, Mulac, and Imrich (1997). Seventy-one men viewed one of three films: (a) sexually-explicit and degrading to women, (b) sexually-explicit but non-degrading, or (c) non-sexual. The men then interacted with women in problem-solving dyads that were recorded on videotape. Men who viewed either sexually-explicit film displayed more dominance and anxiety than did the men who viewed the non-sexual film. This was true, however, for only the two-thirds who were non sex-typed (BSRI, Bem, 1974). Sex-typed men’s behavior was consistent across sexual versus non-sexual film conditions. In addition, men who viewed the degrading sexual film displayed less anxiety, but more dominance, than men who watched the non-degrading sexual film. Women’s behavior failed to distinguish which of the three films their partners had viewed, but was positively correlated with most of their partner’s discriminating behavior. Results of men’s viewing sexual or degrading sexual material are discussed in terms of negative social implications for women in the context of everyday male-female interactions. Traditionally pornography research has investigated the effects of violent versus

Anthony Mulac; Laura L. Jansma; Daniel G. Linz

18

Erotic value of female distress in sexually explicit photographs.  

PubMed

The extent to which distress of the female model contributed to the erotic value of sexually explicit photographs of women in bondage was studied for a sample of 54 young-adult college males. In addition, subjects were categorized by level of antisociality and level of facial-decoding skill with the prediction that the erotic value of a model in distress would be greatest for subjects departing most from social values (antisociality) and most capable of recognizing emotions as facially displayed by another person (facial decoding). There was an overall sadism effect. Most of the men reported pictures depicting a distressed model in bondage to be more sexually stimulating than pictures in which the female model displayed positive affect. The erotic value of distressed females in bondage was greatest when subjects combined greater anti-sociality and better facial-decoding skill. PMID:22375634

Heilbrun, A B; Seif, D T

1988-01-01

19

Enhanced Attentional Bias towards Sexually Explicit Cues in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours  

PubMed Central

Compulsive sexual behaviour (CSB) is relatively common and has been associated with significant distress and psychosocial impairments. CSB has been conceptualized as either an impulse control disorder or a non-substance ‘behavioural’ addiction. Substance use disorders are commonly associated with attentional biases to drug cues which are believed to reflect processes of incentive salience. Here we assess male CSB subjects compared to age-matched male healthy controls using a dot probe task to assess attentional bias to sexually explicit cues. We show that compared to healthy volunteers, CSB subjects have enhanced attentional bias to explicit cues but not neutral cues particularly for early stimuli latency. Our findings suggest enhanced attentional bias to explicit cues possibly related to an early orienting attentional response. This finding dovetails with our recent observation that sexually explicit videos were associated with greater activity in a neural network similar to that observed in drug-cue-reactivity studies. Greater desire or wanting rather than liking was further associated with activity in this neural network. These studies together provide support for an incentive motivation theory of addiction underlying the aberrant response towards sexual cues in CSB. PMID:25153083

Mechelmans, Daisy J.; Irvine, Michael; Banca, Paula; Porter, Laura; Mitchell, Simon; Mole, Tom B.; Lapa, Tatyana R.; Harrison, Neil A.; Potenza, Marc N.; Voon, Valerie

2014-01-01

20

The Internet and the First Amendment: School and Sexually Explicit Expression.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Rather than focus on "who" makes the determination about students' access to sexually explicit expression, this volume examines the legal issues affecting "whether" to permit that access and "how much" access to allow. In sum, this book is intended to facilitate meaningful discussion about the regulation of minors' access to sexually explicit…

Cate, Fred H.

21

Use of Sexually Explicit Films in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation Programs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual Attitude Reassessment (SAR) seminars, popular in the 1970s for use in progressive spinal cord injury (SCI) rehabilitation programs, have lost favor. The practice, however, of using only one sexually explicit film (SEF) as the primary method of providing sexuality education has taken its place. The use of SEFs is a sensitive teaching issue. Used “properly,” a SEF may facilitate

Mitchell S. Tepper

1997-01-01

22

Sexual Priming, Gender Stereotyping, and Likelihood to Sexually Harass: Examining the Cognitive Effects of Playing a Sexually-Explicit Video Game  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study examines the short-term cognitive effects of playing a sexually explicit video game with female “objectification”\\u000a content on male players. Seventy-four male students from a university in California, U.S. participated in a laboratory experiment.\\u000a They were randomly assigned to play either a sexually-explicit game or one of two control games. Participants’ cognitive accessibility\\u000a to sexual and sexually objectifying

Mike Z. Yao; Chad Mahood; Daniel Linz

2010-01-01

23

Obscenity law and sexually explicit rap music: Understanding the effects of sex, attitudes, and beliefs  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study investigated listeners’ judgments regarding the offensiveness of sexually explicit lyrics found in rap music produced by 2 Live Crew. Subjects were exposed to music and lyrics in a 2 (subject sex—male, female) X 2 (musical genre—2 Live Crew Rap, Non?Rap) X 3 (sexual explicitness—high, medium, low) factorial design. They then made judgments of patent offensiveness, prurient appeal and

Travis L. Dixon; Daniel G. Linz

1997-01-01

24

X-RatedSexual Attitudes and Behaviors Associated With U.S. Early Adolescents' Exposure to Sexually Explicit Media  

Microsoft Academic Search

Correlates of use and subsequent sexual attitudes and behaviors predicted by exposure to sexually explicit content (i.e., pornography and erotica) in adult magazines, X-rated movies, and the Internet were examined in a prospective survey of a diverse sample of early adolescents (average age at baseline = 13.6 years; N = 967). Two-thirds (66%) of males and more than one-third (39%)

Jane D. Brown; Kelly L. LEngle

2009-01-01

25

Sexually Explicit Advertisements: Does Rape Myth Differ? Nichole Guenard (Professor Ellen Cohn, Faculty Sponsor)  

E-print Network

Sexually Explicit Advertisements: Does Rape Myth Differ? Nichole Guenard (Professor Ellen Cohn higher scores on rape myth belief scales and more negative attitudes toward women than men and women who, Lenig, 2006). · Hostile and Benevolent Sexism have been postively correlated with rape myth acceptance

New Hampshire, University of

26

Psychosexual correlates of viewing sexually explicit sex on television among women in the Netherlands  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study focuses on frequency, motives, and reactions in relation to viewing sexually explicit sex on tv (SETV) among a sample of 201 Dutch women, and explores correlations with demographic, psychosexual, and behavioral variables. We found that 60% of these women watch SETV on a somewhat regular basis. Motivations are most often leisure or sensation seeking. Reactions appreciative of SETV

Ine Vanwesenbeeck

2001-01-01

27

Sexually explicit online media and sexual risk among men who have sex with men in the United States.  

PubMed

This study aimed to describe sexually explicit online media (SEOM) consumption among men who have sex with men (MSM) in the United States and examine associations between exposure to unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) in SEOM and engagement in both UAI and serodiscordant UAI. MSM in the U.S. who accessed a men-seeking-men website in the past year (N = 1,170) were recruited online for a cross-sectional, Internet-based survey of sexual risk and SEOM consumption. In the 3 months prior to interview, more than half (57 %) of the men reported viewing SEOM one or more times per day and almost half (45 %) reported that at least half of the SEOM they viewed portrayed UAI. Compared to participants who reported that 0-24 % of the SEOM they viewed showed UAI, participants who reported that 25-49, 50-74, or 75-100 % of the SEOM they viewed portrayed UAI had progressively increasing odds of engaging in UAI and serodiscordant UAI in the past 3 months. As SEOM has become more ubiquitous and accessible, research should examine causal relations between SEOM consumption and sexual risk-taking among MSM as well as ways to use SEOM for HIV prevention. PMID:24464547

Nelson, Kimberly M; Simoni, Jane M; Morrison, Diane M; George, William H; Leickly, Emily; Lengua, Liliana J; Hawes, Stephen E

2014-05-01

28

The influence of sexually explicit online media on sex: do men who have sex with men believe they "do what they see"?  

PubMed

Over the past two decades, men who have sex with men (MSM) have engaged in increasing consumption of MSM-specific sexually explicit online media (i.e., online pornography). Furthermore, the amount of MSM-specific sexually explicit online media portraying unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) has increased, raising concerns about HIV transmission among the actors and the potential encouragement of risky sex among consumers. The influence of sexually explicit online media on sexual risk-taking, at present largely understudied, could lead to new avenues for innovative HIV-prevention strategies targeting at-risk MSM. In this preliminary assessment, in-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 16 MSM in the Seattle area to elucidate MSM's perceptions about the influence of sexually explicit online media on their own and other MSM's sexual behaviors. Participants reported that sexually explicit online media: (1) plays an educational role, (2) increases comfort with sexuality, and (3) sets expectations about sexual behaviors. While participants overwhelmingly reported not feeling personally influenced by viewing UAI in sexually explicit online media, they believed viewing UAI increased sexual risk-taking among other MSM. Specifically, participants reported that the high prevalence of UAI in sexually explicit online media sends the message, at least to other MSM, that (1) engaging in UAI is common, (2) UAI is acceptable and "ok" to engage in, and (3) future partners will desire or expect UAI. Overall, this preliminary assessment indicates that sexually explicit online media exposure may have both positive (e.g., helping MSM become more comfortable with their sexuality) and negative (e.g., normalizing UAI) impacts on the sexual health of MSM and may be useful in the development of novel HIV-prevention interventions. PMID:24382316

Nelson, Kimberly M; Leickly, Emily; Yang, Joyce P; Pereira, Andrew; Simoni, Jane M

2014-01-01

29

A Non-Blaming Chance and Action Approach to Therapy with Sexually Explicit Media Overuse: A Case Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this clinical presentation a non-blaming, non-judgmental approach to overuse of sexually explicit media (SEM) is introduced. This approach normalizes the problem and sees it in the context of evolution and market forces. It is claimed that such an approach contributes to change and strengthens the therapeutic alliance. A new technique utilizing…

Wernik, Uri

2012-01-01

30

Sexually explicit media on the internet: a content analysis of sexual behaviors, risk, and media characteristics in gay male adult videos.  

PubMed

Recent research suggests that viewing sexually explicit media (SEM), i.e., adult videos, may influence sexual risk taking among men who have sex with men. Despite this evidence, very little is known about the content of gay male SEM on the Internet, including the prevalence of sexual risk behaviors and their relation to video- and performer-characteristics, viewing frequency, and favorability. The current study content analyzed 302 sexually explicit videos featuring male same-sex performers that were posted to five highly trafficked adult-oriented websites. Findings revealed that gay male SEM on the Internet features a variety of conventional and nonconventional sexual behaviors. There was a substantial prevalence of unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) (34 %) and was virtually the same as the prevalence of anal sex with a condom (36 %). The presence of UAI was not associated with video length, amateur production, number of video views, favorability, or website source. However, the presence of other potentially high-risk behaviors (e.g., ejaculation in the mouth, and ejaculation on/in/rubbed into the anus) was associated with longer videos, more views, and group sex videos (three or more performers). The findings of high levels of sexual risk behavior and the fact that there was virtually no difference in the prevalence of anal sex with and without a condom in gay male SEM have important implications for HIV prevention efforts, future research on the role of SEM on sexual risk taking, and public health policy. PMID:23733156

Downing, Martin J; Schrimshaw, Eric W; Antebi, Nadav; Siegel, Karolynn

2014-05-01

31

ORIGINAL RESEARCH--PSYCHOLOGY Implicit and Explicit Cognitive Sexual Processes in Survivors of  

E-print Network

desire, female orgasmic disorder, and risky sexual behav- iors are some of the most prominent the development and efficacy of psychological treatments for female sexual dysfunction among survivors of CSA

Meston, Cindy

32

Micromechanics Based Composite Material Model for Crashworthiness Explicit Finite Element Simulation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A micro-mechanical model is developed for laminated composite materials and implemented in the explicit finite element method. The objective of this study is to get an accurate and simple micro-model, which can be used in the displacement-based nonlinear explicit finite element code DYNA3D. The micro-mechanical model implemented in the explicit finite element code can be used for simulating the behavior

ALA TABIEI; QUING CHEN

2001-01-01

33

Compulsive use of Internet-based sexually explicit media: Adaptation and validation of the Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS).  

PubMed

Despite evidence that viewing sexually explicit media (SEM) may contribute to greater numbers of sexual partners, sexual risk taking, greater interest in group sex, and lower self-esteem among men who have sex with men (MSM), research has not addressed compulsive use of Internet-based SEM due to the lack of a validated measure for this population. This report investigates the psychometric properties of the 14-item Compulsive Internet Use Scale (CIUS; Meerkerk, van den Eijnden, Vermulst, & Garretsen, 2009) adapted to assess the severity of compulsive Internet SEM use. A total of 265 Internet SEM-viewing MSM participated in an online survey about their SEM preferences, viewing habits, and recent sexual behaviors. A principal components analysis revealed a single-component, 13-item scale to adequately assess the cognitive, emotional, and behavioral aspects of this phenomenon, with a high internal consistency (?=.92). Greater compulsive use of Internet SEM was positively correlated with several relevant variables including boredom, sexual frustration, time spent viewing Internet SEM, and number of recent male sexual partners. The results offer preliminary evidence for the reliability and validity of using an adapted version of the CIUS to understand compulsive Internet SEM use, and allow for more research into the potential negative consequences of compulsive SEM use. PMID:24679612

Downing, Martin J; Antebi, Nadav; Schrimshaw, Eric W

2014-06-01

34

S422/522: CONSTRUCTING SEXUALITY Professor Martin S. Weinberg Fall 2011  

E-print Network

will be offended by the explicit videos or by explicit sexual language, or trenchant analyses of the role (explicit sexual materials of many of the behaviors listed above), a guest speaker, and discussions. If you

Indiana University

35

Men's Behavior toward Women after Viewing Sexually-Explicit Films: Degradation Makes a Difference.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Notes that short-term exposure to nonviolent sexual media stimuli can produce cognitive changes in men which can affect their behavior toward women. Explores differences among these behavioral effects in a group of male and female undergraduate students based upon sexual degradation in film content and male viewers' gender schematicity. Discusses…

Mulac, Anthony; Jansma, Laura L.; Linz, Daniel G.

2002-01-01

36

Parental autonomy support and discrepancies between implicit and explicit sexual identities: dynamics of self-acceptance and defense.  

PubMed

When individuals grow up with autonomy-thwarting parents, they may be prevented from exploring internally endorsed values and identities and as a result shut out aspects of the self perceived to be unacceptable. Given the stigmatization of homosexuality, individuals perceiving low autonomy support from parents may be especially motivated to conceal same-sex sexual attraction, leading to defensive processes such as reaction formation. Four studies tested a model wherein perceived parental autonomy support is associated with lower discrepancies between self-reported sexual orientation and implicit sexual orientation (assessed with a reaction time task). These indices interacted to predict anti-gay responding indicative of reaction formation. Studies 2-4 showed that an implicit/explicit discrepancy was particularly pronounced in participants who experienced their fathers as both low in autonomy support and homophobic, though results were inconsistent for mothers. Findings of Study 3 suggested contingent self-esteem as a link between parenting styles and discrepancies in sexual orientation measures. PMID:22288529

Weinstein, Netta; Ryan, William S; Dehaan, Cody R; Przybylski, Andrew K; Legate, Nicole; Ryan, Richard M

2012-04-01

37

Gender Differences in Therapist Responses to Client Sexual Material.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual feelings between therapist and client have been a source of theoretical controversy since the beginnings of modern psychotherapy. Psychotherapists' (N=72) verbal behavior, affective reactions, and clinical judgments in response to audiotapes of client sexual material were investigated. Therapist gender, client gender, and type of sexual…

Schover, Leslie R.

38

Extent Matters: Exposure to Sexual Material among Czech Adolescents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Adolescents use media that exposes them to sexual material. This study focused on adolescents in the Czech Republic, a country with relatively high rates of exposure to sexual material (ESM). A sample of adolescents aged 11 to 15 years ("N" = 495) taken from the project EU Kids Online II was examined for predictors of the following:…

Ševcíková, Anna; Šerek, Jan; Machácková, Hana; Šmahel, David

2013-01-01

39

One love: explicit monogamy agreements among heterosexual young adult couples at increased risk of sexually transmitted infections.  

PubMed

HIV prevention strategies among couples include condom use, mutual monogamy, and HIV testing. Research suggests that condom use is more likely with new or casual partners, and tends to decline as relationships become steady over time. Little is known, however, about explicit mutual monogamy agreements and HIV testing within heterosexual couples. This study used data from 434 young heterosexual couples at increased risk of HIV and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) to assess (a) couple concordance on perceptions of a monogamy agreement, sustained monogamy, and HIV testing; and (b) the associations of relationship and demographic factors with monogamy agreement, sustained monogamy, and HIV testing. Results indicated only slight to fair agreement within couples on measures of monogamy agreement and sustained monogamy. Overall, 227 couples (52%) concurred that they had an explicit agreement to be monogamous; of those, 162 (71%) had sustained the agreement. Couples with greater health protective communication and commitment were more likely to have a monogamy agreement. Couples of Latino and Hispanic ethnicity and those with children were less likely to have a monogamy agreement. Only commitment was related to sustained monogamy. Having children, greater health protective communication, and perceived vulnerability to HIV and STIs were associated with HIV testing within the couple. PMID:21191869

Warren, Jocelyn T; Harvey, S Marie; Agnew, Christopher R

2012-01-01

40

Perceived Effects of Sexually Explicit Internet Content: The Third-Person Effect in Singapore.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Investigates the third-person effect of pornography on the Internet. Notes that congruent with the third-person effect, students from a major Singapore university judged pornographic material on the Internet to have a greater impact on others than on themselves. Reveals evidence for a perceived social distance corollary with children to be more…

Wu, Wei; Koo, Soh Hoon

2001-01-01

41

Internet pornography: A social psychological perspective on internet sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spectacular growth in availability of sexually explicit material on the Internet challenges sexual science to study antecedents and consequences of experience with such content. The current analysis attempts to provide a conceptual and empirical context for emerging work in this area. Our discussion begins with a summary of some of what has been learned from existing research concerning sexually explicit

William A. Fisher; Azy Barak

2001-01-01

42

Sexuality after gynaecological cancer: a review of the material, intrapsychic, and discursive aspects of treatment on women's sexual-wellbeing.  

PubMed

Research in the area of gynaecological cancer has increasingly examined changes to women's sexuality, with the impact of treatment on sexual wellbeing considered particularly important. The objective of this paper is to review research on gynaecological cancer and sexuality from the years 1990 to 2011. Research has documented a range of post-treatment anatomical and physical changes to women's sexual wellbeing, including changes to sexual desire, pleasure, orgasm, vaginal lubrication, genital sensitivity, arousal, and frequency of sex. Women's intrapsychic experiences of changes to sexuality include anxiety, depression, distress, and negative perceptions of sexual identity and body image. Socially constructed discourses surrounding gender and sexuality also shape women's experiences of their sexual wellbeing post-gynaecological cancer and treatment, with many women feeling a loss of womanhood and femininity with the removal of, or changes to, their reproductive organs. Finally, women's relationship context, pattern of couple communication, and partner support are associated with women's ability to cope with changes to sexuality post-gynaecological cancer. Given that sexuality is an important part of quality of life, it is important that health professionals actively communicate information to women and their partner about the effects of treatment on sexual wellbeing, in order to legitimate and normalise sexuality in this context. It is concluded that research in the area of gynaecological cancer and sexuality needs to acknowledge not only the physical/anatomical/material effects of cancer treatments, but also women's intrapsychic experiences of changes to sexuality, her relationship context, and the role of gendered discourses in shaping women's experiences of sexuality post-gynaecological cancer and treatment. PMID:21764229

Gilbert, Emilee; Ussher, Jane M; Perz, Janette

2011-09-01

43

One Love: Explicit Monogamy Agreements among Heterosexual Young Adult Couples at Increased Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV prevention strategies among couples include condom use, mutual monogamy, and HIV testing. Research suggests that condom use is more likely with new or casual partners, and tends to decline as relationships become steady over time. Little is known, however, about explicit mutual monogamy agreements and HIV testing within heterosexual couples. This study used data from 434 young heterosexual couples

Jocelyn T. Warren; S. Marie Harvey; Christopher R. Agnew

2011-01-01

44

One Love: Explicit Monogamy Agreements among Heterosexual Young Adult Couples at Increased Risk of Sexually Transmitted Infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

HIV prevention strategies among couples include condom use, mutual monogamy, and HIV testing. Research suggests that condom use is more likely with new or casual partners, and tends to decline as relationships become steady over time. Little is known, however, about explicit mutual monogamy agreements and HIV testing within heterosexual couples. This study used data from 434 young heterosexual couples

Jocelyn T. Warren; S. Marie Harvey; Christopher R. Agnew

2012-01-01

45

Sexuality and the law.  

PubMed

Federal, state, and local laws in the US now govern almost every aspect of sexuality. This includes sexuality at the workplace, sexuality education, adolescent sexuality, access to sexuality information and sexually explicit materials, sexual orientation, and sexually transmitted disease(STD)/HIV transmission. Almost 33% of the US Supreme Court's docket this past term concerned sexuality issues. In contrast to 50 years ago, when sexuality law was confined to the criminal arena, contemporary "sex crimes" primarily relate to nonconsensual and exploitative behaviors. It is time for lawmakers, judges, lawyers, policy analysts, lobbyists, and advocates to realize they cannot legislate or litigate how, when, or why people fall in love. Rather, the role of the law should be to create and preserve models of justice and equality that seek to preserve one's individual rights to privacy and freedom to choose in matters related to one's sexuality. This includes free access to age-appropriate sexuality information, the right to marriage and children regardless of sexual orientation, comprehensive sexuality education that encompasses information about avoiding unwanted pregnancies and HIV/STDs, access to contraception and abortion, protection from sexually abusive or exploitative relationships, and access to sexual health care. PMID:12295182

Portelli, C J

1998-01-01

46

Posthypnotic amnesia for material learned before or during hypnosis: Explicit and implicit memory effects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article focuses on dissociations between explicit and implicit expressions of memory during posthypnotic amnesia (PHA). Despite evidence of such dissociations, experimental design in this area has not always been consistent with contemporary memory research. Within a paradigm that aimed for conceptual and methodological clarity, we presented 40 high and 38 low hypnotizable individuals with a word list either before

Amanda J. Barnier; Richard A. Bryant; Suzanne Briscoe

2001-01-01

47

Explicit causal relations between material damping ratio and phase velocity from exact solutions of the dispersion equations of linear viscoelasticity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The theory of linear viscoelasticity is the simplest constitutive model that can be adopted to accurately predict the small-strain mechanical response of materials exhibiting the ability to both store and dissipate strain energy. An important result implied by this theory is the relationship existing between material attenuation and the velocity of propagation of a mechanical disturbance. The functional dependence of these important parameters is represented by the Kramers-Kronig (KK) equations, also known as dispersion equations, which are nothing but a statement of the necessary and sufficient conditions to satisfy physical causality. This paper illustrates the derivation of exact solutions of the KK equations to provide explicit relations between frequency-dependent phase velocity and material damping ratio (or equivalently, quality factor). The assumptions that form the basis of the derivation are not beyond those established by the standard theory of viscoelasticity for a viscoelastic solid. The explicit expression for phase velocity as a function of damping ratio was derived by means of the theory of linear singular integral equations, and in particular by the solution of the associated Homogeneous Riemann Boundary Value Problem. It is shown that the same solution may be obtained also by using the implications of physical causality on the Fourier Transform. On the other hand, the explicit solution for damping ratio as a function of phase velocity was found through the components of the complex wavenumber. The exact solutions make it possible to obtain frequency-dependent material damping ratio solely from phase velocity measurements, and conversely. Hence, these relations provide an innovative and inexpensive tool to determine the small-strain dynamic properties of geomaterials. It is shown that the obtained rigorous solutions are in good agreement with well-known solutions based on simplifying assumptions that have been developed in the fields of seismology and geotechnical engineering. In addition, the theoretical results have been validated using recently published experimental material functions for fine-grained soils and for polymethyl methacrylate.

Meza-Fajardo, Kristel C.; Lai, Carlo G.

2007-12-01

48

Where Is the Discourse of Desire? Deconstructing the Irish Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) Resource Materials  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Inspired by poststructuralist insights and the critical literature on the topic of school-based sexuality education, this paper is derived from a close examination of the Relationships and Sexuality Education (RSE) resource materials devised for teachers involved in delivering the programme in Irish schools. It seeks critically to uncover how…

Kiely, Elizabeth

2005-01-01

49

Sexuality and Disability: A SIECUS Annotated Bibliography of Available Print Materials.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated listing of print materials on sexuality and disability includes 61 publications as well as 2 databases and 23 organizations. Print materials are listed alphabetically by title within the following categories: books, materials for parents, materials for professionals, curricula, and journals/newsletters. Prices, addresses, and…

Shortridge, James; And Others

50

Pornography, Sexual Socialization, and Satisfaction Among Young Men  

Microsoft Academic Search

In spite of a growing presence of pornography in contemporary life, little is known about its potential effects on young people’s\\u000a sexual socialization and sexual satisfaction. In this article, we present a theoretical model of the effects of sexually explicit\\u000a materials (SEM) mediated by sexual scripting and moderated by the type of SEM used. An on-line survey dataset that included

Aleksandar Štulhofer; Vesna Buško; Ivan Landripet

2010-01-01

51

Explicit Substitutions  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ##-calculus is a re#nement of the #-calculus where substitutionsare manipulated explicitly. The ##-calculus provides a settingfor studying the theory of substitutions, with pleasant mathematicalproperties. It is also a useful bridge between the classical #-calculusand concrete implementations.#Digital Equipment Corporation, Systems Research Center.yEcole Normale Sup#erieure; part of this work was completed while at Digital EquipmentCorporation, Systems Research Center.z...

Martín Abadi; Luca Cardelli; Pierre-louis Curien; Jean-jacques Lévy

1991-01-01

52

Measures of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Mainstream and BDSM Sexual Terms Using the IRAP and Questionnaire with BDSM/Fetish and Student Participants  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Implicit Relational Assessment Procedure (IRAP) examines implicit attitudes through the measurement of response latencies. In this study, the IRAP was used to assess implicit attitudes toward "mainstream" sexual terms (e.g., Kissing) and "BDSM" terms (e.g., Bondage) among individuals reporting BDSM interests and among students who did not…

Stockwell, Fawna M. J.; Walker, Diana J.; Eshleman, John W.

2010-01-01

53

Encouraging Students to Apply Human Sexuality Material to Themselves by Using Integration Papers  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the use of integration papers in human sexuality courses. Integration papers allow students to apply the material they have learned in the course to themselves, which can make the learning experience more powerful. The papers also allow instructors to assess what students have learned by taking the course instead of prior…

Hughes, Jennifer L.

2008-01-01

54

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...or rejection of sexual advances; —If the sexual conduct substantially...intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. (c) Within...explicit coercive sexual behavior to control...engaging in sexual harassment....

2010-04-01

55

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR

...or rejection of sexual advances; —If the sexual conduct substantially...intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. (c) Within...explicit coercive sexual behavior to control...engaging in sexual harassment....

2012-04-01

56

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR

...or rejection of sexual advances; —If the sexual conduct substantially...intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. (c) Within...explicit coercive sexual behavior to control...engaging in sexual harassment....

2013-04-01

57

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

...or rejection of sexual advances; —If the sexual conduct substantially...intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. (c) Within...explicit coercive sexual behavior to control...engaging in sexual harassment....

2014-04-01

58

25 CFR 700.561 - Sexual harassment.  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR

...or rejection of sexual advances; —If the sexual conduct substantially...intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment. (c) Within...explicit coercive sexual behavior to control...engaging in sexual harassment....

2011-04-01

59

Exposure to harsh parenting and pornography as explanations for males' sexual coercion and females' sexual victimization.  

PubMed

Sexual violence against women is a major concern to researchers and policy makers, as well as to the general public. This study uses a sample of more than 2,000 college students to investigate the extent to which exposure to harsh parenting practices and sexually explicit materials contributes to perpetration and victimization. Findings indicate that frequent corporal punishment in the family of origin combined with consumption of pornographic materials increased the probability that males reported engaging in coercive sexual practices. For females, both frequent corporal punishment and exposure to paternal hostility combined with consumption of pornographic materials were associated with higher levels of reported sexual victimization. These results provide increased understanding of the impact of pornography use among a nonclinical sample, as well as the consequences of experiencing harsh corporal punishment in one's family of origin, on the sexual victimization of females. PMID:22852438

Simons, Leslie Gordon; Simons, Ronald L; Lei, Man-Kit; Sutton, Tara E

2012-01-01

60

The Relationship Between Exposure to Sexual Music Videos and Young Adults' Sexual Attitudes  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between exposure to sexual music videos and young people's sexual attitudes (i.e., premarital sexual permissiveness and endorsement of the sexual double standard). Items gauging exposure to 75 music videos ranging in sexual explicitness were used to measure sexual video viewing among a sample of 266 undergraduate students. As expected, exposure

Yuanyuan Zhang; Laura E. Miller; Kristen Harrison

2008-01-01

61

What is sexual harassment? Harvard University has adopted the following definition of sexual  

E-print Network

sexually explicit jokes that create a hostile learning environment, to rape and sexual assault. Sexual or engages in physical contact. Harvard seeks to maintain a learning environment free from sexual harassmentWhat is sexual harassment? Harvard University has adopted the following definition of sexual

Chou, James

62

Introduction Explicit Substitutions  

E-print Network

for implementing proof assistants and programming languages. F.L.C. de Moura Matching via Explicit Substitutions are to be implemented in the level of the language itself. F.L.C. de Moura Matching via Explicit Substitutions #12 are to be implemented in the level of the language itself. Explicit substitutions provide an adequate framework, closer

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

63

Not a Laughing Matter: Sexual Harassment as “Material” on Workplace-Based Situation Comedies  

Microsoft Academic Search

In her book Sexual Harassment of Working Women Catherine MacKinnon (1979) suggested that “Trivialization of sexual harassment has been a major means through which its invisibility has been enforced. Humor, which may reflect unconscious hostility, has been a major form of that trivialization” (p. 52). In other words, making jokes at women's expense and treating sexual harassment as not serious

Beth Montemurro

2003-01-01

64

Childhood Maltreatment, Psychological Dysregulation, and Risky Sexual Behaviors in Female Adolescents  

PubMed Central

Objective?Maltreated female adolescents are at risk for engaging in sexual behaviors consistent with HIV infection and teen pregnancy. The current study applied a model positing the key role of psychological dysregulation in the development of adolescent females’ sexual behavior.?Methods?The sample consisted of adolescent females aged 14–17 years who had experienced substantiated childhood maltreatment (n?=?275) and a demographically matched, non-maltreated comparison group (n?=?210).?Results?Multiple mediator analysis revealed that, when in company with a host of plausible mechanisms, sexual preoccupation mediated the relationship between psychological dysregulation and risky sexual behaviors.?Conclusion?Maltreated females may have difficulty regulating emotions, cognitions, and behaviors, which, when coupled with a propensity to entertain sexual thoughts and consume sexually explicit materials, may increase the likelihood that they act on sexual impulses and engage in high-risk sexual behaviors. PMID:21335615

Haralson, Katherine J.; Butler, Erica M.; Shenk, Chad E.

2011-01-01

65

An Overview of Sexual Harassment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual harassment, according to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), is when any unwelcome sexual advances for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature takes place. For sexual harassment to take place there must be some type of behavior, language, or material of a sexual nature, which is offensive.…

Stier, William F., Jr.

2005-01-01

66

X-rated material and perpetration of sexually aggressive behavior among children and adolescents: is there a link?  

PubMed

Longitudinal linkages between intentional exposure to x-rated material and sexually aggressive behavior were examined among youth 10-15 year olds surveyed nationally in the United States. At Wave 1 in 2006, participants (n = 1,588) were queried about these exposures and outcomes in the preceding 12 months. Wave 2 data (n = 1,206) were collected approximately 12 months after Wave 1 and Wave 3 data (n = 1,159) were collected approximately 24 months after Wave 1. Thus, data for this project represent a 36-month time frame. A marginal model with generalized estimating equations was used to represent the population-average odds of sexually aggressive behavior over the 36 months as a function of exposure to x-rated material over the same time and to account for clustering in the data within person over time. An average of 5% of youth reported perpetrating sexually aggressive behavior and 23% of youth reported intentional exposure to x-rated material. After adjusting for other potentially influential proximal (i.e., sexual aggression victimization) and distal characteristics (e.g., substance use), we found that intentional exposure to violent x-rated material over time predicted an almost 6-fold increase in the odds of self-reported sexually aggressive behavior (aOR: 5.8, 95% CI: 3.2, 10.5), whereas exposure to nonviolent x-rated material was not statistically significantly related (aOR: 1.7, 95% CI: 0.94, 2.9). Associations were similar for boys and girls (boys nonviolent x-rated material aOR = 2.0, 95% CI: 0.8, 4.7; violent x-rated material aOR = 6.5, 95% CI: 2.7, 15.3; girls nonviolent x-rated material aOR = 1.2, 95% CI: 0.5, 3.2; violet x-rated material aOR = 6.1, 95% CI: 2.5, 14.8). PMID:21046607

Ybarra, Michele L; Mitchell, Kimberly J; Hamburger, Merle; Diener-West, Marie; Leaf, Philip J

2011-01-01

67

Perceptions of Social-Sexual Communication at Work as Sexually Harassing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines undergraduate students' assessments of social-sexual messages in a fictitious newsletter that used suggestive remarks. Indicates: messages conveying sexual interest explicitly were perceived as more harassing than those conveying interest implicitly; explicit sexual messages were rated more harassing when initiated by supervisors or when…

Solomon, Denise Haunani; Williams, Mary Lynn Miller

1997-01-01

68

Sexual Content on Mainstream TV Advertising: A Cross-cultural Comparison  

Microsoft Academic Search

A content analysis of 1,785 American ads and 1,467 Israeli ads maps the representation of sexual content on mainstream TV\\u000a advertising in the two countries. This content appears in less than 5% of the advertisements. Most of it is mild and portrayed\\u000a in the conservative context of an established relationship. Explicit material, socially discouraged practices, references\\u000a to sexual responsibility and

Amir Hetsroni

2007-01-01

69

Pornography, sexual socialization, and satisfaction among young men.  

PubMed

In spite of a growing presence of pornography in contemporary life, little is known about its potential effects on young people's sexual socialization and sexual satisfaction. In this article, we present a theoretical model of the effects of sexually explicit materials (SEM) mediated by sexual scripting and moderated by the type of SEM used. An on-line survey dataset that included 650 young Croatian men aged 18-25 years was used to explore empirically the model. Descriptive findings pointed to significant differences between mainstream and paraphilic SEM users in frequency of SEM use at the age of 14, current SEM use, frequency of masturbation, sexual boredom, acceptance of sex myths, and sexual compulsiveness. In testing the model, a novel instrument was used, the Sexual Scripts Overlap Scale, designed to measure the influence of SEM on sexual socialization. Structural equation analyses suggested that negative effects of early exposure to SEM on young men's sexual satisfaction, albeit small, could be stronger than positive effects. Both positive and negative effects-the latter being expressed through suppression of intimacy-were observed only among users of paraphilic SEM. No effect of early exposure to SEM was found among the mainstream SEM users. To counterbalance moral panic but also glamorization of pornography, sex education programs should incorporate contents that would increase media literacy and assist young people in critical interpretation of pornographic imagery. PMID:18561012

Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Busko, Vesna; Landripet, Ivan

2010-02-01

70

Crime of Power, Not Passion: Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper focuses on the problem of sexual harassment in the workplace. The legal definition of sexual harassment as drawn up by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is: "unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature that are explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an…

Business and Professional Women's Foundation, Washington, DC.

71

Sexual Assault  

MedlinePLUS

... assault fact sheet Sexual assault fact sheet ePublications Sexual assault fact sheet Print this fact sheet Sexual assault ... assaulted? More information on sexual assault What is sexual assault? Sexual assault and abuse is any type of ...

72

Consumption of Sexual Dialogue and Content on Television and Adolescent Sexual Outcomes: Multiethnic Findings  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purposes of this study were to examine group differences in sexual media consumption and to explore how well adolescents' sexual attitudes and behavior can be explained by viewing of sexually suggestive dialogue (SD) and explicit sexual content (SC) in television media. Participants were 473 male and female high school adolescents who were…

Somers, Cheryl L.; Tynan, Joshua J.

2006-01-01

73

Note to sexuality educators: popular culture is your friend.  

PubMed

In response to the SIECUS Report entitled "Adolescent Sexuality and Popular Culture", Susan Bankowski of the Campaign for Our Children, Inc. explains why knowledge about popular culture is so important in work dealing with young people. It is noted that blame has often been placed on pop culture as contributing to American youth's early initiation into sexual activity. Various studies and groups of people cite the explicit display of sex in media as a major reason for such behavior of teens. However, in Europe, where teen birthrates are much lower and contraceptive use is higher than in the US, sex and sexuality are an accepted part of media expression. In view of this, Bankowski states that there is a need for sexuality educators to embrace the media that influence the teens with whom they work. Drawing on her own experience, Bankowski further explains that educators need to be aware of trends when selecting educational materials. PMID:12322612

Bankowski, S B

2000-01-01

74

sexual Assault sexual Assault  

E-print Network

sexual Assault sexual Assault if You Are a Victim of a sexual Assault 1. Get to a safe place. 2. Call out for help. 3. DiAl 6111 or ask someone to ring for you and state "sEXUAl AssAUlT" giving exact. if You Witness a sexual Assault 1. Everyone is asked to assist in making the campus a safe place by being

Hickman, Mark

75

Explicit Finite Element Modeling of Multilayer Composite Fabric for Gas Turbine Engine Containment Systems, Phase II. Part 3; Material Model Development and Simulation of Experiments  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A team consisting of Arizona State University, Honeywell Engines, Systems & Services, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration Glenn Research Center, and SRI International collaborated to develop computational models and verification testing for designing and evaluating turbine engine fan blade fabric containment structures. This research was conducted under the Federal Aviation Administration Airworthiness Assurance Center of Excellence and was sponsored by the Aircraft Catastrophic Failure Prevention Program. The research was directed toward improving the modeling of a turbine engine fabric containment structure for an engine blade-out containment demonstration test required for certification of aircraft engines. The research conducted in Phase II began a new level of capability to design and develop fan blade containment systems for turbine engines. Significant progress was made in three areas: (1) further development of the ballistic fabric model to increase confidence and robustness in the material models for the Kevlar(TradeName) and Zylon(TradeName) material models developed in Phase I, (2) the capability was improved for finite element modeling of multiple layers of fabric using multiple layers of shell elements, and (3) large-scale simulations were performed. This report concentrates on the material model development and simulations of the impact tests.

Simmons, J.; Erlich, D.; Shockey, D.

2009-01-01

76

Screaming Green: A Topography and Bourdieusian Analysis of the Model of Sexual Consent Utilized by BDSM Community Participants.  

E-print Network

??Practitioners of BDSM (bondage, discipline, dominance, submission, sadism and masochism) sexuality utilize a model of explicit sexual consent including pre-event discussion and "safe words". This… (more)

Surprise, October

2012-01-01

77

Narcissistic Measures of Lutheran Clergy Who Self-Reported Committing Sexual Misconduct  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study sought to determine if narcissism was a factor in Lutheran clergy who self-reported committing sexual misconduct. Sexual misconduct was defined as any activity in which a clergyperson, single or married, engaged in sexual behavior (sexual intercourse, kissing, touching or hugging with sexual intent, use of sexually explicit language) with a parishioner, client, or employee of the church (Francis

Perry C. Francis; Tracy D. Baldo

1998-01-01

78

Sexual initiation of U.S. Latino and Colombian high school students: Toward a new theory of adolescent sexuality and implications for sexual health prevention and promotion  

Microsoft Academic Search

The general research question for this dissertation was: do the data on adolescent sexual experiences and sexual initiation support the explicit or implicit adolescent sexuality theories informing the sexual health interventions currently designed for youth? To respond to this inquiry, three different studies were conducted. The first study included a conceptual and historical analysis of the notion of adolescence introduced

Bernardo Useche

2010-01-01

79

Making Lifting Obstructions Explicit.  

E-print Network

If P \\to X is a topological principal K-bundle and \\hat K a central extension of K by Z, then there is a natural obstruction class \\delta_1(P) in \\check H^2(X,\\uline Z) in sheaf cohomology whose vanishing is equivalent to the existence of a \\hat K-bundle \\hat P over X with P \\cong \\hat P/Z. In this paper we establish a link between homotopy theoretic data and the obstruction class \\delta_1(P) which in many cases can be used to calculate this class in explicit terms. Writing \\partial_d^P \\: \\pi_d(X) \\to \\pi_{d-1}(K) for the connecting maps in the long exact homotopy sequence, two of our main results can be formulated as follows. If Z is a quotient of a contractible group by the discrete group \\Gamma, then the homomorphism \\pi_3(X) \\to \\Gamma induced by \\delta_1(P) \\in \\check H^2(X,\\uline Z) \\cong H^3_{\\rm sing}(X,\\Gamma) coincides with \\partial_2^{\\hat K} \\circ \\partial_3^P and if Z is discrete, then \\delta_1(P) \\in \\check H^2(X,\\uline Z) induces the homomorphism -\\partial_1^{\\hat K} \\circ \\partial_2^P \\: \\pi_2(X) \\to Z. We also obtain some information on obstruction classes defining trivial homomorphisms on homotopy groups.

Karl-Hermann Neeb; Friedrich Wagemann; Christoph Wockel.

80

Prime time sexual harrassment.  

PubMed

This study explores the explicit and implicit messages of sexual harassment that viewers receive when viewing prime-time television in the US. A content analysis of 48 hours of prime-time television reveals that sexual harassment on television is both highly visible and invisible. Sexual harassment is rendered visible simply by its prominence in these programs. Incidents involving quid-pro-quo harassment and environmental harassment occur with regularity on television. Furthermore, about 84% of the shows studied contained at least one incident of sexual harassment; yet these acts of sexual harassment remained largely invisible because none of the behaviors were labeled as sexual harassment. These incidents are presented in humorous ways, and victims are generally unharmed and very effective at ending the harassment. Although such programs may actually reflect the reality of many women's lives in terms of prevalence of sexual harassment, they perpetuate several myths about sexual harassment, such as that sexual harassment is not serious and that victims should be able to handle the situations themselves. PMID:12294811

Grauerholz, E; King, A

1997-04-01

81

Associations between Blocking, Monitoring, and Filtering Software on the Home Computer and Youth-Reported Unwanted Exposure to Sexual Material Online  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: To examine the relationship between the use of preventive software on the home computer and unwanted exposure to sexual material online. Methods: The Youth Internet Safety Survey-2 was a national, RDD telephone survey conducted in March-June 2005. Eight hundred households (one caregiver and one child between the ages of 10 and 17 years)…

Ybarra, Michele L.; Finkelhor, David; Mitchell, Kimberly J.; Wolak, Janis

2009-01-01

82

Volunteer bias in research employing vaginal measures of sexual arousal  

Microsoft Academic Search

Demographic, sexual, and personality characteristics of volunteers and nonvolunteers for a laboratory study of sexual arousal were compared. Subjects were 296 female students from an introductory psychology course who had volunteered for a study on sexuality and personality. After completing several questionnaires, subjects were presented with a written description of an experiment that involved viewing sexually explicit videotapes and measurement

Sharlene A. Wolchik; S. Lee Spencer; Iris S. Lisi

1983-01-01

83

Sexual Assault  

MedlinePLUS

... for Patients Share This Page: Sexual Assault Resources Sexual Assault Sexual assault is a significant problem affecting American ... National Network at 1-800-656-HOPE (4673). Sexual Assault Examinations It is important to know that a ...

84

Adolescents’ Exposure to a Sexualized Media Environment and Their Notions of Women as Sex Objects  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study was designed to investigate whether adolescents’ exposure to a sexualized media environment is associated with\\u000a stronger beliefs that women are sex objects. More specifically, we studied whether the association between notions of women\\u000a as sex objects and exposure to sexual content of varied explicitness (i.e., sexually non-explicit, semi-explicit, or explicit)\\u000a and in different formats (i.e., visual and audio-visual)

Jochen Peter; Patti M. Valkenburg

2007-01-01

85

Explicit versus Implicit Income Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

By supplementing income explicitly through payments or implicitly through taxes collected, income-based taxes and transfers make disposable income less variable. Because disposable income determines consumption, policies that smooth disposable income also create welfare improving consumption insurance. With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics we find that annual consumption variation is reduced by almost 20 percent due to explicit

THOMAS J. KNIESNER; JAMES P. ZILIAK

2002-01-01

86

Explicit Versus Implicit Income Insurance  

Microsoft Academic Search

By supplementing income explicitly through payments or implicitly through taxes collected, income-based taxes and transfers make disposable income less variable. Because disposable income determines consumption, policies that smooth disposable income also create welfare improving consumption insurance. With data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics we find that annual consumption variation is reduced by almost 20 percent due to explicit

Thomas J. Kniesner; James P. Ziliak

2002-01-01

87

The Explicit Teaching of Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Exploring the explicit teaching of reading, this book is the result of a group of Australian teachers who took a closer look at their teaching so that they could be clearer to their kindergarten through middle-school students. Chapter 1 is based on a presentation at a Saturday inservice program on explicit teaching. Chapters 2-9 were written by…

Hancock, Joelie, Ed.

88

Explicit Substitutions and Programming Languages  

Microsoft Academic Search

The ?-calculus has been much used to study the theory of substitution in logical systems and programming languages. However, with explicit substitutions, it is possible to get finer properties with re- spect to gradual implementations of substitutions as effectively done in runtimes of programming languages. But the theory of explicit substi- tutions has some defects such as non-confluence or the

Jean-jacques Lévy; Luc Maranget

1999-01-01

89

EVA: an explicit vector language  

Microsoft Academic Search

Fortran is the main language used on supercomputer today. Indeed, all supercomputers compilers have extensions, providing language features for explicit vector handling, to Fortran 77. These extensions are different on each machine and their functions are limited. Even with the next standard Fortran 8x, vector syntax is incomplete. EVA is an explicit vector language with powerful vector handling tools. Taking

Jean-Luc Dekeyser; Philippe Marquet; Philippe Preux; Philippe Marquet

1990-01-01

90

The Economy of Explicit Instruction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The risk posed by explicit instruction in composition is that the reduction of writing to stock moves and effective devices may diminish the writer's agency and guarantee reproduction of the teacher's. The advantage of explicit instruction is power: overt and recursive attention to selected strategies can help students imagine the public agency…

Kraemer, Don J.

2007-01-01

91

Sexual education, gender ideology, and youth sexual empowerment.  

PubMed

Sexual education plays an essential role in preventing unplanned pregnancy and the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). School-based sexual education programs, in particular, may be well positioned to address social factors that are empirically linked to negative sexual health outcomes, such as traditional social norms surrounding gender and sexuality. However, youth are seldom granted access to sexual education programs that explicitly address these issues. This study presents findings from a pretest-posttest survey of a sexual education program that did. It was designed for eighth graders (N=95) in the context of a school-community collaboration. The study assessed the links between several components of sexual empowerment, including gender ideology, sexual knowledge, and contraceptive beliefs. Findings link participation in the sexual education program to more progressive attitudes toward girls and women, less agreement with hegemonic masculinity ideology, and increases in sexual health and resource knowledge. Structural equation models suggest that traditional attitudes toward women were significantly related to hegemonic masculinity ideology among both boys and girls, which was in turn negatively related to safer contraceptive beliefs. PMID:24024546

Grose, Rose Grace; Grabe, Shelly; Kohfeldt, Danielle

2014-01-01

92

Explicit Substitutions and All That  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Explicit substitution calculi are extensions of the lambda-calculus where the substitution mechanism is internalized into the theory. This feature makes them suitable for implementation and theoretical study of logic-based tools such as strongly typed programming languages and proof assistant systems. In this paper we explore new developments on two of the most successful styles of explicit substitution calculi: the lambda sigma- and lambda S(e)-calculi.

Ayala-Rincon, Mauricio; Munoz, Cesar

2000-01-01

93

Explicit Substitutions and All That  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Explicit substitution calculi are extensions of the Lambda-calculus where the substitution mechanism is internalized into the theory. This feature makes them suitable for implementation and theoretical study of logic-based tools such as strongly typed programming languages and proof assistant systems. In this paper we explore new developments on two of the most successful styles of explicit substitution calculi: the lambda(sigma)- and lambda(s(e))-calculi.

Ayala-Rincon, Mauricio; Munoz, Cesar; Busnell, Dennis M. (Technical Monitor)

2000-01-01

94

Evaluating Sexuality Education Curriculums.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In contrast to studies of abstinence-only programs, studies of abstinence-plus curricula indicate that students do not increase sexual activity. Parents, teachers, and administrators should evaluate all sexuality education programs according to three important criteria: credibility of training materials, curriculum content, and curriculum…

Wiley, David C.; Terlosky, Beverly

2000-01-01

95

Sexuality and Menopause  

Microsoft Academic Search

Postmenopausal sexuoerotic health is multivariately determined by both intrinsic and extrinsic variables, some of which may predate the menopause. In a pilot study of 20 postmenopausal women, even when deterioration in sexual well-being was anticipated beforehand, it did not inevitably materialize, but if it did so, it was not inevitably correlated with diminished partner availability. Postmenopausal ratings of eroto-sexual ideation,

James Frock; John Money

1992-01-01

96

Teens Share Sexually Explicit Messages: Simple Rebellion or Dangerous Behavior?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An increasingly popular form of communication among teenagers is "sexting," sending nude photos via text messaging, reported The Orange County Register (3/20/09). This "flirtation" technique has sparked quite a bit of debate: is this simply a form of rebellion or is it dangerous behavior that could have adverse penalties? Although many teens say…

Curriculum Review, 2009

2009-01-01

97

Sexual Problems  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... or constant. Sexual disorders can affect men and women and are classified into four categories: desire disorders, ... the time. Sexual disorders affect both men and women and are classified into 4 main categories: sexual ...

98

Healthy Sexuality  

MedlinePLUS Videos and Cool Tools

... or her sexuality. Let’s talk about how a woman’s body responds to sexual stimulation. During sexual arousal, blood flow increases to a woman’s genitals. Her vagina is lubricated by secretions from ...

99

Sexual Assault  

MedlinePLUS

Sexual assault is any sexual activity to which you haven't freely given your consent. This includes completed ... trust, a friend, an acquaintance, or a stranger. Sexual assault can affect your health in many ways. It ...

100

Television and adolescent sexuality.  

PubMed

Existing studies of the sexual content of television programming and advertising and the effects of this content on adolescent viewers are reviewed. Content studies show that the frequency of sexual references have increased in the past decade and are increasingly explicit. Studies of the effects of this content, while scarce, suggest that adolescents who rely heavily on television for information about sexuality will have high standards of female beauty and will believe that premarital and extramarital intercourse with multiple partners is acceptable. They are unlikely to learn about the need for contraceptives as a form of protection against pregnancy or disease. Suggestions for future research and trends in television programming policies are explored. PMID:2307597

Brown, J D; Childers, K W; Waszak, C S

1990-01-01

101

Sexuality Education Curricula: The Consumer's Guide.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This guide provides information about 26 school-based sexuality education curricula. Sexuality educators, curriculum planners, administrators, and classroom teachers can use the material to: (1) quickly determine what is published in the area of school-based sexuality curricula; (2) identify specific attributes of sexuality curricula; (3) build a…

Ogletree, Roberta J.; And Others

102

Internet Sexualities  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable\\u000a on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates\\u000a a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services\\u000a and applications (e.g., websites, online

Nicola Döring

2010-01-01

103

Genitalia in human figure drawings: childrearing practices and child sexual abuse.  

PubMed

To replicate and explore the associations of drawing genitalia on a human figure, child-rearing practices, and a history of alleged sexual abuse, we designed a cross-sectional study of 109 alleged child sexual abuse victims, ages 3 through 8 years, and a group of 109 comparison children matched for age, sex, race, and socioeconomic status but with no history of abuse. A standardized format was used to collect drawings, administer the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, and gather background data on medical, developmental, and child-rearing issues. Seven alleged sexual abuse victims and one comparison child spontaneously drew genitalia (p = 0.02, one-tailed Fisher Exact Test, estimated relative risk 7.96). No differences in drawing maturity (Draw-A-Man score) were identified, although Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test scores were higher in comparison children (82.1 vs. 91.0, p less than 0.01). Neither drawing genitalia nor history of alleged sexual abuse were significantly associated with histories of medical problems, enuresis, encopresis, urinary tract infection, or child-rearing practices related to sleeping, nudity, bathing, sexual abuse education, or exposure to sexually explicit materials. The similar patterns of child-rearing practices in both samples should make professionals cautious in attributing allegations of abuse to specific child-rearing practices. This study confirms our previous report that the presence of genitalia spontaneously drawn on a child's drawing of a human figure is associated with alleged sexual abuse. PMID:2329432

Hibbard, R A; Hartman, G

1990-05-01

104

Implicit and explicit attitudes toward gay males and lesbians among heterosexual males and females.  

PubMed

In this article, we examined explicit and implicit attitudes toward gay males and lesbians using the Single Category IAT (SC-IAT). In Study 1, we examined attitudes toward gay people in general. Participants reported positive explicit attitudes and neutral implicit attitudes toward gay people. In Study 2, we examined implicit and explicit attitudes toward gay men and lesbians separately. Participants rated gay men and lesbians positively on explicit attitude measures. Analysis of SC-IAT scores revealed neutral associations with gay men and positive associations with lesbians. As a secondary goal, we also tested the Balanced Identity Theory in both studies and did not find evidence of balance between implicit sexual orientation attitudes, implicit sexual identity, and implicit self-esteem using the SC-IAT. PMID:23724704

Breen, Amanda B; Karpinski, Andrew

2013-01-01

105

Effect of mass media and Internet on sexual behavior of undergraduates in Osogbo metropolis, Southwestern Nigeria  

PubMed Central

Introduction The influence of media portrayals of sexual attitudes and normative expectations of young people at a critical developmental stage is of public health concern. Objectives To examine the role of mass media and Internet utilization in shaping the sexual health attitudes and behaviors of young undergraduates in Osogbo metropolis, Osun State, Nigeria. Materials and methods In a descriptive cross-sectional study, 400 undergraduates were selected using a multistage random sampling technique. Four hundred and fifty pretested, semistructured questionnaires were distributed; of these, 400 were returned properly filled. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software version 16. Results Mean age of respondents ± standard deviation was 23.6±2.99 years. Most were aware of the various forms of mass media (>95%). Most (64.0%) respondents spent 1–5 hours watching television, daily, and most used the Internet often. About 38.3% and 24.2% of respondents used the Internet and radio/television, respectively, as sources of information on sexual issues. Most respondents used the Internet for school assignments (83.0%, n=332), electronic mail (89.0%, n=356), and for accessing sexually explicit materials (74.5%, n=298). Most of the respondents (73.5%) opined that the Internet has a bad influence on youths’ sexual behavior, although accessing the Internet for sexual material or movies was acceptable to 25.3% of them. Of the 226 respondents who had ever had sex, 226 (100%), 37 (16.4%), 31 (13.7%), and 10 (4.4%) practiced coitus, oral sex, masturbation, and anal sex, respectively; 122 (54.0%) always used condoms, whereas 90 (40.0%) never used condoms during sexual activity; 33 (14.6%) had had sex with commercial sex workers. Further analysis showed that those who were yet to marry (single) were less likely to be sexually experienced than those who were married (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] =0.075, 95% confidence interval [CI] =0.008–0.679), and those who said accessing the Internet for sexual material is not acceptable to them were also less likely to be sexually experienced than those to whom it was acceptable (AOR =0.043, 95% CI =0.016–0.122). Predictors of having multiple sexual partners include the sex of the respondent and the frequency of Internet use, with females (AOR =0.308, 95% CI =0.113–0.843) and those who rarely use the Internet less likely to have multiple sexual partners. Conclusion We conclude that uncontrolled exposure to mass media and Internet could negatively influence the sexual patterns and behavior of youths. PMID:24729737

Asekun-Olarinmoye, Olusesan S; Asekun-Olarinmoye, Esther O; Adebimpe, Wasiu O; Omisore, Akin G

2014-01-01

106

TCP and explicit congestion notification  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper discusses the use of Explicit Congestion Notification (ECN) mechanisms in the TCP\\/IP protocol. The first part proposes new guidelines for TCP's response to ECN mechanisms (e.g., Source Quench packets, ECN fields in packet headers). Next, using simulations, we explore the benefits and drawbacks of ECN in TCP\\/IP networks. Our simulations use RED gateways modified to set an ECN

Sally Floyd

1994-01-01

107

Sexuality and the Curriculum: The Politics and Practices of Sexuality Education. Critical Issues in the Curriculum.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book of essays explores the explicit and hidden curriculum of sexuality from kindergarten through college. The 15 interrelated essays challenge conventional assumptions regarding sexuality and the curriculum by applying non-traditional perspectives to traditionally unresolved problems while proposing specific curricular strategies and…

Sears, James T., Ed.

108

Internet Sexualities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The term “internet sexuality” (or OSA, online sexual activities) refers to sexual-related content and activities observable on the internet (cf. Adams, Oye, & Parker, 2003; Cooper, McLoughlin, & Campbell, 2000; Leiblum & Döring, 2002). It designates a variety of sexual phenomena (e.g., pornography, sex education, sexual contacts) related to a wide spectrum of online services and applications (e.g., websites, online chat rooms, peer-to-peer networks). If an even broader range of computer networks - such as the Usenet or bulletin board systems - is included in this extensional definition, one speaks of “online sexuality” or “cybersexuality.”

Döring, Nicola

109

28 CFR 540.72 - Statutory restrictions requiring return of commercially published information or material which...  

Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR

...4) Sexually explicit means a pictorial depiction of actual or simulated sexual acts including sexual intercourse, oral sex, or masturbation. [61 FR 57569, Nov. 6, 1996, as amended at 67 FR 77427, Dec. 18,...

2010-07-01

110

Sexual Health  

MedlinePLUS

... them do, even if interest in sex and sexual activity declines to some extent with increasing age. This ... and a quarter report no pleasure from their sexual activity. About one out of 10 older women have ...

111

Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... form of non-consensual physical contact. It includes rape, molestation, or any sexual conduct with a person ... more? "Speaking the unspeakable: An interview about elder sexual assault with Holly Ramsey-Klawsnik, Ph.D" in nexus , ...

112

Sexuality Education.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explores the state of sexuality education in the United States. After concerted efforts in the 1960s to stop sex education, interest in sexuality education resurged in the 1980s, largely as a result of AIDS fears. There is now a broad-based consensus on the necessity of sexuality education, but there are still few effective programs. (SLD)

Haffner, Debra W.

1998-01-01

113

Sexual conflict  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual conflict occurs when the genetic interests of males and females diverge. Recent evidence supporting the view that male and female genomes are in conflict has now revolutionized the way in which we interpret interactions between the sexes, and suggests that sexual conflict is a potent force in male–female coevolution. Here, we consider the nature of sexual conflict and what

Tracey Chapman; Göran Arnqvist; Jenny Bangham; Locke Rowe

2003-01-01

114

[Sexual orientations].  

PubMed

In this paper we study the concept of sexual orientation and its components by comparing the common orientations of hetero-, homo-, and bisexuality with alternative concepts suitable for describing persons with psychosexual and somatosexual divergencies (e.g., transgender or intersex developments). An assessment of these divergencies as well as their prevalence and societal influences are presented. Empirical findings on the relationship between sexual orientation and mental health are examined against the background of the sexual minority stress model, looking especially at the risks and the opportunities associated with belonging to a sexual minority. The paper also focuses on the normative power of a monosexual model. Finally, sexual orientation is conceptualized as an umbrella term encompassing both conscious and unconscious elements, including the aspects of sexual behavior, sexual identity, fantasies, and attraction. PMID:23361208

Schweizer, K; Brunner, F

2013-02-01

115

Explicit feedback maintains implicit knowledge.  

PubMed

The role of feedback was investigated with respect to conscious and unconscious knowledge acquired during artificial grammar learning (AGL). After incidental learning of training sequences, participants classified further sequences in terms of grammaticality and reported their decision strategy with or without explicit veridical feedback. Sequences that disobeyed the learning structure conformed to an alternative structure. Feedback led to an increase in the amount of reported conscious knowledge of structure (derived rules and recollections) but did not increase its accuracy. Conversely, feedback maintained the accuracy of unconscious knowledge of structure (intuition or familiarity-based responses) which otherwise degraded. Results support a dual-process account of AGL. They suggest that implicit learning of the to-be-rejected structure at test contaminates familiarity-based classifications whereas feedback allows competing familiarity signals to be contextualised, which is incompatible with theories that consider familiarity context-insensitive. PMID:23770696

Mealor, Andy D; Dienes, Zoltan

2013-09-01

116

Two Young Men Who Complained of Voiding Difficulty After Stuffing Odd Materials Into the Urethra to Obtain Sexual Gratification  

PubMed Central

The self-insertion of foreign bodies into the urethra to obtain sexual gratification is an uncommon paraphilia and may be complicated by their passage into the urethra and subsequent difficulties in recovering the foreign body. There are two key areas of discussion in relation to this issue: (1) the psychological aspects of the action and (2) the possible treatment options. With careful attention to the patient's history, it is usually possible to identify the foreign body and the time since insertion. In most cases, the individual seeks emergency surgical treatment. Radiological evaluation is necessary to determine the exact size, location, and number of objects. Endoscopic retrieval is usually successful, but open surgical removal is required in some cases. We present two cases of self-insertion of foreign bodies into the urethra. PMID:24987564

Hong, Sungwoo

2014-01-01

117

Implicit and Explicit Learning of Languages.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Discusses theoretical and practical issues connected with implicit and explicit learning of languages. Explicit learning is knowledge expressed in the form of rules or definitions; implicit knowledge can be inferred to exist because of observed performance but cannot be clearly described. Hypothesizes why explicit learning can lead to implicit…

McDermott, James E.

1999-01-01

118

SEXUAL ASSAULT AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT QUICK REFERENCE  

E-print Network

SEXUAL ASSAULT AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT QUICK REFERENCE Sexual Assault Definition ­ any form of sexual contact without both parties' voluntary consent. Contrary to what most people think, sexual assault. ­ Zvulony & Company ­ The Law of Sexual Assault in Canada. Sexual Harassment Definition ­ is comment

Thompson, Michael

119

Direct and indirect measures of sexual maturity preferences differentiate subtypes of child sexual abusers.  

PubMed

To aid risk assessment, management, and treatment planning it is essential to assess child sexual abusers' deviant sexual interests (DSI) and preferences (DSP) for sex with children. However, measurement of DSI/DSP is fraught with psychometric problems. In consequence, research interest has shifted to latency-based indirect measures as a measurement approach to complement self-report and physiological assessment. Utilizing the Explicit and Implicit Sexual Interest Profile (EISIP)-a multimethod approach consisting of self-report, viewing time, and Implicit Association Test (IAT) DSI/DSP measures-we replicated phallometric DSI/DSP differences between child sexual abuser subgroups in a sample of intrafamilial, extrafamilial, and child pornography offenders. DSI/DSP was associated with recidivism risk, offense-behavioral measures of pedophilic interest, and sexual fantasizing. It also negatively correlated with antisociality. Distinguishing between child sexual abuser subtypes and being related to recidivism risk, the EISIP is a useful tool for sexual offender assessments. PMID:23524323

Schmidt, Alexander F; Gykiere, Kim; Vanhoeck, Kris; Mann, Ruth E; Banse, Rainer

2014-04-01

120

The Internet Alert Project: spreading the word about high-risk sexual activities advertised on the Internet.  

PubMed

The Internet is an emerging venue for facilitating high-risk sexual behavior; in particular, use of the Internet to seek out sex partners has been shown to be associated with high-risk sexual behaviors, such as an increase in number of sexual partners and an increase in anal sex, which can increase the risk of contracting and transmitting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) including HIV. In an effort to assist health departments around the country, the Internet Alert Project was developed to provide Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) project officers and field staff with information about Internet-advertised, high-risk sexual activities in areas that do not have access to sexually explicit material on the Internet. An evaluation was conducted to determine the utility of the Internet Alert Project, its effect on knowledge and awareness of recipients and on public health efforts. Results of the evaluation show the alerts are a useful and valuable tool. The alerts have helped to increase knowledge about sexually-related uses of the Internet and have also driven public health efforts in the field. The results also indicate the need for project areas to access information found on the Internet in order to keep up with the ever-changing behaviors of at-risk populations. PMID:15511729

Kachur, R E

2004-11-01

121

Sexual behaviour  

PubMed Central

Sexual health is not merely the absence of disease, but the ability to have informed, consensual, safe, respectful, and pleasurable sexual relationships. The majority of the population are sexually active, most with someone of the opposite sex. The frequency and range of sexual practices that people engage in declines with age, but for many, sexual activity continues well into later life. Different aspects of sexual health affect people at different times throughout their lives. As people in the UK tend to first have sex around the age of 16, but do not start living with a partner until much later, the avoidance of sexually transmitted infections and unplanned pregnancy is necessary for many for a number of years. As people get older, their sexual health needs change and they become more concerned with the impact of their general health on their ability to have sex. Some people experience non-volitional sex (sex against their will); although this occurs typically in late teenage it may affect women and men at any age and so requires consideration throughout life. As many people find it difficult to talk about sex and sexual health matters, health professionals should make sexual health enquiry a component of their holistic healthcare. PMID:24966786

Mercer, Catherine H.

2014-01-01

122

On Feeling Torn About One’s Sexuality  

PubMed Central

Three studies offer novel evidence addressing the consequences of explicit–implicit sexual orientation (SO) ambivalence. In Study 1, self-identified straight females completed explicit and implicit measures of SO. The results revealed that participants with greater SO ambivalence took longer responding to explicit questions about their sexual preferences, an effect moderated by the direction of ambivalence. Study 2 replicated this effect using a different paradigm. Study 3 included self-identified straight and gay female and male participants; participants completed explicit and implicit measures of SO, plus measures of self-esteem and affect regarding their SO. Among straight participants, the response time results replicated the findings of Studies 1 and 2. Among gay participants, trends suggested that SO ambivalence influenced time spent deliberating on explicit questions relevant to sexuality, but in a different way. Furthermore, the amount and direction of SO ambivalence was related to self-esteem. PMID:24972940

Windsor-Shellard, Ben

2014-01-01

123

Sexual aberration or instinctual vicissitude? Revisiting freud's "the sexual aberrations".  

PubMed

The author reconsiders Freud's "The Sexual Aberrations," the first of his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905), in light of contemporary psychoanalytic theory. Are the concepts of sexual aberration and norm still viable? The author argues that they are necessary but insufficient elements in current theory. He then presents a competing model in which sexuality can be reduced to a more elemental level of disturbance and wish, where it is an expression of a nonsexual wish--for example, to possess or control the object to eliminate separateness. The author presents clinical material to demonstrate this alternative model. PMID:24777366

Phillips, Sidney H

2014-04-01

124

Sexual harassment.  

PubMed

We review the current state of sexual harassment theory, research, treatment, and prevention. Definitional problems and implications are discussed. An examination of the epidemiology of sexual harassment is presented, highlighting correlates that include characteristics of the organizational environment, the perpetrator, and the recipient of unwanted sexual behavior. Normative responses to sexual harassment and consequences are discussed. Descriptions of the most prevalent models of sexual harassment are offered and the empirical evidence for them is briefly reviewed. From there, the effect of model development and evaluation on the prevention and treatment of sexual harassment is considered. We comment on the steps that would need to be taken to develop viable prevention and treatment programs. Suggestions for fruitful avenues of research and theory development are offered. PMID:11351834

Sbraga, T P; O'Donohue, W

2000-01-01

125

Enhanced Attentional Bias towards Sexually Explicit Cues in Individuals with and without Compulsive Sexual Behaviours  

E-print Network

of attentional bias in substance abuse. Behav Cogn Neurosci Rev 3: 243–260. 21. Field M (2006) Attentional biases in drug abuse and addiction: cognitive mechanisms, causes, consequences, and implications; Munafo M, Albery I., editor. Oxford: Oxford University...

Mechelmans, Daisy J.; Irvine, Michael; Banca, Paula; Porter, Laura; Mitchell, Simon; Mole, Tom B.; Lapa, Tatyana R.; Harrison, Neil A.; Potenza, Marc N.; Voon, Valerie

2014-08-25

126

Implicit Attitudes in Sexuality: Gender Differences  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined the role of gender in both implicit and explicit attitudes toward sexuality. Implicit attitudes are judgments\\u000a or evaluations of social objects that are automatically activated, often without the individual's conscious awareness of the\\u000a causation. In contrast, explicit attitudes are judgments or evaluations that are well established in awareness. As described\\u000a in Oliver and Hyde's (1993) meta-analysis of

James H. Geer; Gloria G. Robertson

2005-01-01

127

Adolescent sexuality.  

PubMed

The consequences of adolescent sexual behavior are an enormous burden both for the adolescent and society. The problem is not that teens are sexually active but rather that they have little preparation and guidance in developing responsible sexual behavior. Developmentally, adolescents reach physical maturity before they are cognitively able to appreciate the consequences of their behavior. A teenager's primary source of information regarding sexuality is his or her peer group, all of whom are experiencing and reinforcing the same behaviors. The family, the major socializer of other behaviors, is not as powerful a force in shaping responsible sexual behavior because of parental discomfort with sex education and sexual discussions. This is the result of a social milieu in which sex is frequently portrayed but rarely linked with responsible behavior or accurate, nonjudgmental information. The pediatric practitioner is in an ideal position to intervene in these dynamics. In the office, the practitioner can provide accurate sexual information to both parents and adolescents, support parental-child communication on sexual issues, and provide appropriate services or referral. In the community, the practitioner can advocate for school-based sex education as well as act as an information resource. Finally, the practitioner can advocate for the health care needs for adolescents on a national level, supporting legislation that provides adolescents with information and access to services necessary to make responsible sexual decisions. PMID:3059299

Grant, L M; Demetriou, E

1988-12-01

128

Supplementary Materials for4 Risky ripples allow bats and frogs to eavesdrop on a multisensory sexual6  

E-print Network

1 1 2 3 Supplementary Materials for4 5 Risky ripples allow bats and frogs to eavesdrop the following:19 20 Movies S1 to S321 22 23 24 #12;2 Materials and Methods25 Frog experiments26 27 We collected calling male túngara frogs 1 - 3 hours after sunset in and around28 Gamboa, Panamá, in November 2012

Ryan, Michael J.

129

Effects of a Sexual Enhancement Workshop on Young Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Twenty-four undergraduate volunteers participated in a sexual enhancement workshop, designed to explore the emotional aspects of sex through the use of small group discussion and sexually explicit films. Results indicated that participants experienced significant change toward acceptance of masturbation and a lessening of sex-related anxiety. (SJL)

Fyfe, Bill

1979-01-01

130

Linking Online Sexual Activities to Health Outcomes among Teens  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

New digital technologies are highly responsive to many of the developmental needs of adolescents, including their need for intimate connection and social identity. This chapter explores adolescents' use of web-based sexual information, texting and "sexting," online dating sites, role-playing games, and sexually explicit media, and…

O'Sullivan, Lucia F.

2014-01-01

131

Development of the acceptability of sexual media scale: Preliminary analyses  

Microsoft Academic Search

Production and sales of sexually explicit media are at an all-time high, with over 200 adult entertainment companies expected to have generated a combined income of $10 billion from American consumers this past year (Kroft, 2003). ^ Men scored higher than women on the general acceptability scale, suggesting that men were more accepting of sexual media than women. Additionally, men

Christopher Saenz

2004-01-01

132

Sexual Selections: \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

The following selection of papers arose out of a half-year seminar course, The Anthropology of Sex, held at McMaster University in the winter of 1990. The course was originally conceived as a vehicle for scrutinizing the physical anthropological significance of current understandings of human sexuality and reproduction. As such, I imagined we would discuss human sexuality from the point of

Ann Herring

1991-01-01

133

An Evaluation of the Distribution of Sexual References Among "Top 8" MySpace Friends  

PubMed Central

To evaluate whether online friends of adolescents who display sexual references on a social networking site also display references. The method used was content analysis. The result of this study was that adolescents who displayed explicit sexual references were more likely to have online friends who displayed references. Thus, social networking sites present new opportunities to investigate adolescent sexual behavior. PMID:20864013

Moreno, Megan A.; Brockman, Libby; Rogers, Cara B.; Christakis, Dimitri A.

2010-01-01

134

"Looking at the Real Thing": Young Men, Pornography, and Sexuality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article examines the sexually explicit comments and references to pornography in young men's answers to a survey about sexuality education. Instead of viewing these remarks as simply impertinent and therefore discountable, I argue that they offer insights into the constitution of masculine identity and an erotic deficit in sexuality…

Allen, Louisa

2006-01-01

135

Popular Music and Sexual Behavior Among Female Adolescents in Jamaica—A Case  

Microsoft Academic Search

The present study was prompted by the question of whether sexually explicit lyrics in some Jamaican “dance hall” songs influence young people towards unsafe sexual behavior. The study focused on “dance hall” and other forms of music listened to by Jamaican teenage girls. Fifty randomly selected, sexually active females, aged 15-19 years, were matched for age and social class with

Desmalee Holder-Nevins; Brendan Bain

2002-01-01

136

An Evaluation of the Distribution of Sexual References Among “Top 8” MySpace Friends  

Microsoft Academic Search

To evaluate whether online friends of adolescents who display sexual references on a social networking site also display references. The method used was content analysis. The result of this study was that adolescents who displayed explicit sexual references were more likely to have online friends who displayed references. Thus, social networking sites present new opportunities to investigate adolescent sexual behavior.

Megan A. Moreno; Libby Brockman; Cara B. Rogers; Dimitri A. Christakis

2010-01-01

137

An evaluation of the distribution of sexual references among "Top 8" MySpace friends.  

PubMed

To evaluate whether online friends of adolescents who display sexual references on a social networking site also display references. The method used was content analysis. The result of this study was that adolescents who displayed explicit sexual references were more likely to have online friends who displayed references. Thus, social networking sites present new opportunities to investigate adolescent sexual behavior. PMID:20864013

Moreno, Megan A; Brockman, Libby; Rogers, Cara B; Christakis, Dimitri A

2010-10-01

138

Perceptions of Peer Sexual Harassment Among High School Students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Perceptions of peer social–sexual interactions were examined in a group of high school students (N=150). Participants were presented with six brief vignettes that described three types of sexual harassment between adolescent peers: physical, verbal\\/visual, and derogatory. Two vignettes were written for each type of behavior to reflect either a sexually explicit or implicit behavior. Participants responded to Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale

Cheryl Terrance; Amie Logan; Douglas Peters

2004-01-01

139

Sexual Harassment Resources  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The Jackson Library at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro offers an annotated, hypertext discussion of resources concerning sexual harassment. The recently updated site includes numerous links to federal government and military materials as well as to important Supreme Court decisions. Websites and documents from educational and institutional sources are also linked to and described. Some documents are in .pdf format.

140

Sexuality education in Russia: defining pleasure and danger for a fledgling democratic society.  

PubMed

Public health indicators have plummeted throughout Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union, with exponential increases in sexually transmitted diseases reported among this society's young adults. Newly developing sexuality education programs provide insights into the ways local health providers interpret such public health challenges and conceptualize the educational needs of Russian youth. Moreover, these initiatives reveal the impact of both Soviet-era discourses and more recent, international anti-abortion activism on contemporary thinking about sexual health matters. This article explores the implicit and sometimes explicit ways that sex education lectures are being driven by debates over the significance of the Soviet past and anxieties over the perceived chaos of current transformations. Drawing on material from lectures, fieldwork, and interviews with sex educators, I argue that sexuality education efforts reveal a persistent ambivalence between the hope to promote individual autonomy from state interests and the presumed need to control sexual expression and reproductive practices within an emerging moral economy of post-Soviet Russia. PMID:10459891

Rivkin-Fish, M

1999-09-01

141

Childhood Sexual Abuse, Adolescent Sexual Behaviors and Sexual Revictimization.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

An 18-year longitudinal study of 520 New Zealand women found that those reporting childhood sexual abuse, particularly severe abuse involving intercourse, had significantly higher rates of early onset consensual sexual activity, teenage pregnancy, multiple sexual partners, unprotected intercourse, sexually transmitted disease, and sexual assault…

Fergusson, David M.; Horwood, L. John; Lynskey, Michael T.

1997-01-01

142

Implicit and Explicit Instruction of Spelling Rules  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The study aimed to compare the differential effectiveness of explicit and implicit instruction of two Dutch spelling rules. Students with and without spelling disabilities were instructed a spelling rule either implicitly or explicitly in two experiments. Effects were tested in a pretest-intervention-posttest control group design. Experiment 1…

Kemper, M. J.; Verhoeven, L.; Bosman, A. M. T.

2012-01-01

143

Thinking Styles in Implicit and Explicit Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study investigated whether individual differences in thinking styles influence explicit and implicit learning. Eighty-seven university students in China participated in this study. Results indicated that performance in the explicit learning condition was positively associated with Type I thinking styles (i.e. legislative and liberal styles)…

Xie, Qiuzhi; Gao, Xiangping; King, Ronnel B.

2013-01-01

144

Student Sexual Misconduct Policy  

E-print Network

. PROHIBITED BEHAVIOR a. Definitions i. Sexual Misconduct ii. Sexual Harassment iii. Sexual Assault iv. Consent resources by reading the Campus Sexual Violence Prevention Program and visiting the Sexual Assault Policy, including but not limited to, sexual harassment, sexual assault, stalking, and relationship violence

Huang, Jianyu

145

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Explicit Instruction on Implicit and Explicit L2 Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study examined the effectiveness of explicit instruction on second language (L2) learners' implicit and explicit knowledge of English. Explicit instruction on the generic and non-generic use of English articles was delivered by CALL activities. Four tasks assessed acquisition: elicited imitation, oral production, grammaticality judgement, and…

Akakura, Motoko

2012-01-01

146

Effect of sexual coercion proclivity, insult and fantasy on emotional reactivity and appeal of sexual aggression.  

PubMed

Fifty-nine heterosexual university males were assessed for Sexual Coercion Proclivity (SCP) and randomly assigned to one of three conditions: Insult/nonsexually coercive fantasy material; no insult/sexually coercive fantasy material; or, insult/sexually coercive fantasy material. Although not differing in terms of anger or anxiety, the high SCP became more frustrated than the low group, particularly when exposed to both insult and sexually coercive (SC) fantasy material. Changes in negative affect predicted anticipated likelihood of engaging in SC among the low SCP group and anticipated enjoyment of SC in the high SCP group. Acculturation accounted for differences observed between Caucasian and Chinese men. PMID:22892359

Thomas, Lindsey A; Gorzalka, Boris B

2012-08-01

147

Sexuality after breast cancer: a review.  

PubMed

It is widely recognised that women's sexuality can be particularly complex after breast cancer, with sexual changes often becoming the most problematic aspect of a woman's life. The impact of such changes can last for many years after successful treatment, and can be associated with serious physical and emotional side-effects. The objective of this paper is to review research on breast cancer and sexuality from the years 1998 to 2010. Research has documented a range of physical changes to a woman's sexuality following breast cancer, including disturbances to sexual functioning, as well as disruptions to sexual arousal, lubrication, orgasm, sexual desire, and sexual pleasure, resulting from chemotherapy, chemically induced menopause, tamoxifen, and breast cancer surgery. Women's intrapsychic experience of changes to sexuality includes a fear of loss of fertility, negative body image, feelings of sexual unattractiveness, loss of femininity, depression and anxiety, as well as alterations to a sense of sexual self. The discursive construction of femininity and sexuality shapes the way women construct and experience their illness and their body - leading many women to try to appear 'normal' to others post-breast surgery. Finally, the quality of a woman's partnered relationship consistently predicts sexual health post-breast cancer - reinforcing the importance of recognising the intersubjective nature of issues surrounding breast cancer and sexuality. It is concluded that analyses of sexuality in the context of breast cancer cannot conceptualise the physical body separately from women's intrapsychic negotiation, her social and relational context, and the discursive constructions of sexuality and femininity: a material-discursive-intrapsychic interaction. PMID:20439140

Gilbert, Emilee; Emilee, Gilbert; Ussher, J M; Perz, J

2010-08-01

148

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Child Sexual Abuse Child Sexual Abuse What is child sexual abuse? Child sexual abuse includes a wide ... be at least five years older. Who commits child sexual abuse? Most often, sexual abusers know the ...

149

Asian American Sexual Politics: The Construction of Race, Gender, and Sexuality  

E-print Network

masculinity and femininity are constructed and how they operate in a racial hierarchy. These accounts will explicitly illuminate the gendered and sexualized racism faced by Asian Americans. The male respondents share experiences that highlight how ?racial.................................................................. 229 Strategies for Battling Racism at the Structural Level .................. 229 Personal Level Strategies ............................................................. 241 REFERENCES...

Chou, Rosalind Sue

2011-08-08

150

Child Maltreatment Histories among Female Inmates Reporting Inmate on Inmate Sexual Victimization in Prison: The Mediating Role of Emotion Dysregulation  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Despite data indicating that child maltreatment (CM) in various forms is associated with adult sexual victimization among community women, few studies have explicitly explored how types of CM might relate to prison sexual victimization. Because little is known about "how" CM might give rise to prison sexual victimization, the present study also…

Walsh, Kate; Gonsalves, Valerie M.; Scalora, Mario J.; King, Steve; Hardyman, Patricia L.

2012-01-01

151

Thoreau's Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) has often been described as lacking in sexual drive or at most a rather reluctant heterosexual, a close study of his life and writings indicates the presence of a pronounced vein of homoeroticism-although there seems to be no concrete evidence of any homosexual activity on his part. Cognizance of that homoeroticism helps one to understand

Walter Harding

1991-01-01

152

Sexual fantasies and gender/sex: a multimethod approach with quantitative content analysis and hormonal responses.  

PubMed

Research links explicit sexuality (e.g., physical attraction and pleasure) to high testosterone (T) and nurturance (loving contact) to low T. Engaging in sexual fantasy, which can include explicit sexual and nurturant elements, increases T in women but not in men. We examined whether individual differences in the explicit sexual and nurturant content of fantasy were linked with T or with estradiol (E2). In addition, we explored whether fantasy content differed or overlapped by gender/sex. Participants (26 women, 23 men) provided saliva samples for hormones before and after imagining a self-defined positive sexual encounter and responding to open-ended questions about the situation they imagined. We systematically content-coded responses for explicit sexual and nurturant content. In men, lower inclusion of nurturant content predicted larger T responses to fantasy. Fantasy content was not linked with T in women or with E2 in women or men. Women and men did not differ significantly in explicit sexual and nurturant content. Our findings suggest that individual experiences of fantasy as more or less nurturant affect T in men, provide support for the Steroid/Peptide Theory of Social Bonds, and highlight the value of integrating hormones and content analysis to investigate research questions relevant to sexuality and gender/sex. PMID:23998565

Goldey, Katherine L; Avery, Lanice R; van Anders, Sari M

2014-01-01

153

Sexuality I. Sexual Orienta0on  

E-print Network

1 Sexuality I. Sexual Orienta0on II. Hormones & cogni0on III. The Female sexual Behavior of the Human Female (1953) by A. Kinsey #12;2 II. Hormones, Cogni0on & Learning A and female-typical sexual behaviors in vertebrates 1. Testosterone ­ Posi0ve rela0onship

Dever, Jennifer A.

154

Propositional Games with Explicit Strategies Bryan Renne  

E-print Network

Propositional Games with Explicit Strategies Bryan Renne Computer Science CUNY Graduate Center 365 Fifth Avenue, Room 4319 New York, NY USA http://bryan.renne.org/ Abstract This paper presents a game formula t:A. We define a game semantics for this logic that interprets terms as winning strategies

Renne, Bryan

155

The Projection of Implicit and Explicit Goals  

Microsoft Academic Search

In 3 studies, the authors analyzed whether projection occurs for both conscious and nonconscious goals. In Experiment 1, participants who were predisposed to hold a learning goal over a performance goal rated others as possessing more of a learning goal. In Experiment 2, participants who were either implicitly primed with or explicitly assigned to have the goal to compete perceived

Christie L. K. Kawada; Gabriele Oettingen; Peter M. Gollwitzer; John A. Bargh

2004-01-01

156

NEURAL NETWORKS IN PSYCHOLOGY: CLASSICAL EXPLICIT DIAGNOSES  

E-print Network

Questionnaire of Bekhterev Institute) psychological technique [6) widely used in clinical practice. CLANAssNEURAL NETWORKS IN PSYCHOLOGY: CLASSICAL EXPLICIT DIAGNOSES M.G.Dorrer', A.N. Gorban2, V.I. Zenkin3 the designers and users of computer psychological tests: Culturail, national and social adaptation of tests

Gorban, Alexander N.

157

EXPLICIT SOFTWARE SPECULATION FOR DYNAMIC LANGUAGE RUNTIMES  

Microsoft Academic Search

Abstract While dynamic languages are now mainstream choices for application development, most popular dynamic languages are primarily executed by interpreters whose perfor- mance and capabilities restrict their wider application. The only successful remedy for these limitations has been dynamic optimization infrastructures developed specif- ically for each language. Building such infrastructures is a substantial undertaking. This dissertation presents explicit software speculation,

NICHOLAS J. RILEY

158

An Explicit Construction of Quantum Expanders  

E-print Network

Quantum expanders are a natural generalization of classical expanders. These objects were introduced and studied by Ben-Aroya and Ta-Shma and by Hastings. In this note we show how to construct explicit, constant-degree quantum expanders. The construction is essentially the classical Zig-Zag expander construction, applied to quantum expanders.

Avraham Ben-Aroya; Oded Schwartz; Amnon Ta-Shma

2007-09-06

159

Explicit Instruction in Core Reading Programs  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was to conduct a content analysis of the types and occurrences of explicit instructional moves recommended for teaching five essentials of effective reading instruction in grades 1, 3, and 5 core reading program teachers' editions in five widely marketed core reading programs. Guided practice was the most frequently…

Reutzel, D. Ray; Child, Angela; Jones, Cindy D.; Clark, Sarah K.

2014-01-01

160

Explicit solutions of classical generalized toda models  

Microsoft Academic Search

The explicit solution of the generalized Toda models connected with the root systems of simple Lie algebras is constructed. This solution is obtained by a special projection of geodesic flows on some symmetric spaces on the phase space of the Toda models. In particular, for the usualN-body Toda model the solutions are expressed by minors of the exponent of the

M. A. Olshanetsky; A. M. Perelomov

1979-01-01

161

Monsoon: An Explicit Token-Store Architecture  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dataflow architectures tolerate long unpredictable com- munication delays and support generation and coordi- nation of parallel activities directly in hardware, rather than assuming that program mapping will cause these issues to disappear. However, the proposed mecha- nisms are complex and introduce new mapping com- plications. This paper presents a greatly simplified ap- proach to dataflow execution, called the explicit token

Gregory M. Papadopoulos; David E. Culler

1990-01-01

162

Evolving explicit opponent models in game playing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Opponent models are necessary in games where the game state is only partially known to the player, since the player must infer the state of the game based on the opponent's actions. This paper presents an architecture and a process for developing neural network game players that utilize explicit opponent models in order to improve game play against unseen opponents.

Alan J. Lockett; Charles L. Chen; Risto Miikkulainen

2007-01-01

163

Puberty and adolescent sexuality.  

PubMed

This article is part of a Special Issue "Puberty and Adolescence". Sexuality emerges as a major developmental element of puberty and the adolescent years that follow. However, connecting the sexuality that emerges with puberty and elements of adult sexuality is difficult because much adolescent sexuality research addresses the transition to partnered sexual behaviors (primarily coitus) and consequences such as unplanned pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. This review proposes a framework of an expanded understanding of puberty and adolescent sexuality from the perspective of four hallmarks of adult sexuality: sexual desire; sexual arousal; sexual behaviors; and, sexual function. This approach thus addresses important gaps in understanding of the ontogeny of sex and the continuum of sexuality development from adolescence through the adult lifespan. PMID:23998672

Fortenberry, J Dennis

2013-07-01

164

Sexuality after breast cancer  

Microsoft Academic Search

Breast cancer (BC) may affect three main domains of women's sexuality: sexual identity, sexual function and sexual relationship. Age, lymphedema, side-effects of surgery, radio-, chemo- and hormonotherapy, pregnancy-related problems, infertility, iatrogenic premature menopause, with its cohort of symptoms secondary to the chronic loss of estrogens on the brain, on the sensory organs, on the pathophysiology of sexual response and on

A. Graziottin; V. Rovei

2007-01-01

165

Sexuality and Young Children.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes normal aspects of sexuality during the early years, including masturbation and children's fanciful sexual ideas. Presents inappropriately mature sexual knowledge as a danger sign of abuse. Discusses whether and what teachers/caregivers should tell children about sexuality, and notes the importance of teaching staff about sexual identity…

Honig, Alice Sterling

2000-01-01

166

[Sexual mutilation].  

PubMed

Sexual mutilation (SM) of women is an old tradition that predates Christianity and Islam. There are 4 types of SM (female circumcision): 1) clitorectomy; 2) infibulation; 3) introcision and 4) mutilation of the sexual organs. The 4 major justifications for the SM of women are: 1) the mythological rationale or Divine Androgony. All people arrive on Earth as androgens and as the 1st God; they have a female element, the clitoris for the boys and a male element, the penis for the girls. To remove that original stage of androgeny requires circumcision and excision; 2) the religious rationale in spite of its predating Islam the Prophet Mohammed recommended a mild form of clitorectomy (Sunna); 3) the sexual rationale this is the universal reason why, worldwide, women are excised and infibulated. Excision is performed to control women's sexuality permanently and infibulation is performed to control procreation. Traditional Africans perform excision and circumcision for reasons of socialization--that is it allows the individual to go from one group to the next; 4) the cleanliness rationale non-excised women are not clean. SM is practiced when little girls are very young because they are less sensitive to the pain; however, there is no exact age and SM can be performed after age 8, during adolescence, before marriage and during the 7th month of pregnancy. Medicalized or clinical excisions performed in hospitals with anesthesia and antibiotics; however, traditional excision is practiced in the rural areas with untrained personnel and without anesthesia, often leading to many genital and medical complications. The worst of these is being unable to consummate marriage and having difficult pregnancies. Women should refuse medicalization of an act that destroys a health organ; this system that allows men to enjoy as much sex as possible and promotes women's passive attitudes towards SM, must be changed. PMID:12342831

Kouyate, H

1990-07-01

167

Sexual torture of political prisoners: An overview  

Microsoft Academic Search

Not much is known about the repressive use of sexuality against political prisoners. It is important to gain a better understanding of the trauma involved in sexual torture for treatment purposes. On the basis of clinical experience with refugees from the Middle East, North Africa, and Latin America, and the collection of mainly unpublished material on the subject, a theory

Inger Agger

1989-01-01

168

Male-Female Sexuality: An Annotated Bibliography.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This annotated bibliography contains over 500 sources on the historical and contemporary development and expression of male and female sexuality. There are 68 topic headings which provide easy access for subject areas. A major portion of the bibliography is devoted to contemporary male-female sexuality. These materials consist of research findings…

Wilson, Janice

169

Sexual Abuse of Children: Selected Readings.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This volume of selected readings contains a wide range of materials on the subject of child sexual abuse. The eight chapters in Part I, written by the staff of the Child Protection Center, Children's Hospital National Medical Center, Washington, D.C., discuss the etiology and short-term management of child sexual abuse, describe an approach to…

Jones, Barbara McComb, Ed.; And Others

170

Sexual picture processing interferes with decision-making under ambiguity.  

PubMed

Many people watch sexually arousing material on the Internet in order to receive sexual arousal and gratification. When browsing for sexual stimuli, individuals have to make several decisions, all possibly leading to positive or negative consequences. Decision-making research has shown that decisions under ambiguity are influenced by consequences received following earlier decisions. Sexual arousal might interfere with the decision-making process and should therefore lead to disadvantageous decision-making in the long run. In the current study, 82 heterosexual, male participants watched sexual pictures, rated them with respect to sexual arousal, and were asked to indicate their current level of sexual arousal before and following the sexual picture presentation. Afterwards, subjects performed one of two modified versions of the Iowa Gambling Task in which sexual pictures were displayed on the advantageous and neutral pictures on the disadvantageous card decks or vice versa (n = 41/n = 41). Results demonstrated an increase of sexual arousal following the sexual picture presentation. Decision-making performance was worse when sexual pictures were associated with disadvantageous card decks compared to performance when the sexual pictures were linked to the advantageous decks. Subjective sexual arousal moderated the relationship between task condition and decision-making performance. This study emphasized that sexual arousal interfered with decision-making, which may explain why some individuals experience negative consequences in the context of cybersex use. PMID:23733155

Laier, Christian; Pawlikowski, Mirko; Brand, Matthias

2014-04-01

171

Material  

E-print Network

This edition of MaterialEASE focuses on materials selection in general while paying particular attention to the increasing use of the computer in the selection process. Many of the commercial products associated with computer-aided materials selection are evaluated along with an analysis of the development trends. MaterialEASE is also available at AMPTIAC’s Web stie … www.rome.iitri.com/amptiac.

unknown authors

172

Sexual function, sexual abuse and sexually transmitted diseases in adolescence  

Microsoft Academic Search

As adolescents progress through puberty, many biological changes occur and, for young women, this includes the onset of menses and the capability for reproduction. During this time, sexual identity is developed and expressions of sexuality become more frequent. Adolescent women engage in a variety of sexual behaviours, both non-coital and coital. As teens begin dating relationships, they are at risk

Margaret J. Blythe

2003-01-01

173

Childhood sexual abuse, adolescent sexual behaviors and sexual revictimization  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The aims of this study were to examine the extent to which exposure to childhood sexual abuse (CSA) was associated with increased rates of sexual risk taking behaviors and sexual revictimization during adolescence.Method: A birth cohort of 520 New Zealand born young women was studied at regular intervals from birth to the age of 18. At age 18 retrospective

David M. Fergusson; L. John Horwood; Michael T. Lynskey

1997-01-01

174

Explicit robust schemes for implementation of general principal value-based constitutive models  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The issue of developing effective and robust schemes to implement general hyperelastic constitutive models is addressed. To this end, special purpose functions are used to symbolically derive, evaluate, and automatically generate the associated FORTRAN code for the explicit forms of the corresponding stress function and material tangent stiffness tensors. These explicit forms are valid for the entire deformation range. The analytical form of these explicit expressions is given here for the case in which the strain-energy potential is taken as a nonseparable polynomial function of the principle stretches.

Arnold, S. M.; Saleeb, A. F.; Tan, H. Q.; Zhang, Y.

1993-01-01

175

Understanding sexuality among Indian urban school adolescents  

PubMed Central

Context: Adolescence is a very exciting phase of life fraught with many challenges like sexuality. Understanding them is important in helping the adolescents grow up healthily. Aims: To ascertain the attitudes and knowledge about sexuality among school-going adolescents. Settings and Design: Students in two urban schools of an Indian city from class IX to XII were administered a self-reporting questionnaire on matters related to sexuality. Materials and Methods: Requisite ethical clearances were taken as also the consent of the parents and students before administration of the questionnaire. The authors clarified doubts to adolescents. Statistical analysis: Statistical package for social sciences. Results: The incidence of having sexual contact was 30.08% for boys and 17.18% for girls. 6.31% boys and 1.31% girls reported having had experienced sexual intercourse. Friends constituted the main sexual partners for both boys and girls. Sexual abuse had been reported by both girls and boys. These and other findings are discussed in the article. Conclusions: Adolescent school students are involved in sexual activity, but lack adequate knowledge in this regard. Students, teachers, and parents need to understand various aspects of sexuality to be able to help adolescents’ healthy sexual development. PMID:22969181

Ramadugu, Shashikumar; Ryali, VSSR; Srivastava, K.; Bhat, P. S.; Prakash, J.

2011-01-01

176

Gender differences in sexual arousal and affective responses to erotica: the effects of type of film and fantasy instructions.  

PubMed

The present study examined men and women's sexual and affective responses to erotic film clips that were combined with different fantasy instructions. Men (n = 29) and women (n = 28) were presented with two types of erotic films (explicit vs. romantic) and two fantasy instructions (fantasizing about one's real-life partner vs. fantasizing about someone else). Genital response, subjective sexual arousal, and affective responses were assessed. Sexually explicit stimuli resulted in larger genital responses; women reported higher subjective sexual arousal than men; and fantasizing about one's partner resulted, overall, in higher subjective sexual arousal and higher levels of positive affect. Moreover, in women, the instruction to fantasize about one's partner resulted in stronger subjective sexual arousal to the explicit film than the instruction to fantasize about someone else. Results suggested that physiological, subjective, and affective responses to erotic film stimuli are impacted not only by stimulus characteristics but also by the viewer's interpretation of the depicted relationship. PMID:23519591

Carvalho, Joana; Gomes, Ana Quinta; Laja, Pedro; Oliveira, Cátia; Vilarinho, Sandra; Janssen, Erick; Nobre, Pedro

2013-08-01

177

Child abuse - sexual  

MedlinePLUS

... sexual activities by another person. Such abuse includes: Oral sex Pornography Sexual intercourse Touching (fondling) ... and street drugs or engaging in high-risk sexual behaviors Do poorly in school Have excessive fears Withdraw ...

178

Toddlers and Sexual Behavior  

MedlinePLUS

... Commons Pediatrics Common Questions, Quick Answers Toddlers and Sexual Behavior Donna D'Alessandro, M.D. Lindsay Huth, B. ... behavioral problem or sexual abuse. What kind of sexual behaviors are okay? Masturbation in toddlers is usually nothing ...

179

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... 8255 Military One Source 800-342-9647 Military Sexual Assault SafeHelpline 877-995-5247 87 reads Home Topics ... experienced a sexual trauma. Sexual trauma (harassment, assault, rape and associated violence) can trigger a range of ...

180

Ethnicity and sexuality  

E-print Network

?sexual ?degenerates?? and ?in- ferior races.? Sexualized racism, homophobia, and misogyny were all foils against which propagandists contrasted the superior morality and sexuality of fascist na- tionalists across Europe (Boyarin 1997, Spackman 1996...

Nagel, Joane

2000-01-01

181

University of California Policy Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence  

E-print Network

includes sexual assault, rape, #12;University of California Policy Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence 1 of 20 Academic Student prohibits sexual harassment and sexual violence, and that such behavior violates both law and University

Jacobs, Lucia

182

Sensory exploitation and sexual conflict  

PubMed Central

Much of the literature on male–female coevolution concerns the processes by which male traits and female preferences for these can coevolve and be maintained by selection. There has been less explicit focus on the origin of male traits and female preferences. Here, I argue that it is important to distinguish origin from subsequent coevolution and that insights into the origin can help us appreciate the relative roles of various coevolutionary processes for the evolution of diversity in sexual dimorphism. I delineate four distinct scenarios for the origin of male traits and female preferences that build on past contributions, two of which are based on pre-existing variation in quality indicators among males and two on exploitation of pre-existing sensory biases among females. Recent empirical research, and theoretical models, suggest that origin by sensory exploitation has been widespread. I argue that this points to a key, but perhaps transient, role for sexually antagonistic coevolution (SAC) in the subsequent evolutionary elaboration of sexual traits, because (i) sensory exploitation is often likely to be initially costly for individuals of the exploited sex and (ii) the subsequent evolution of resistance to sensory exploitation should often be associated with costs due to selective constraints. A review of a few case studies is used to illustrate these points. Empirical data directly relevant to the costs of being sensory exploited and the costs of evolving resistance is largely lacking, and I stress that such data would help determining the general importance of sexual conflict and SAC for the evolution of sexual dimorphism. PMID:16612895

Arnqvist, Goran

2006-01-01

183

Floating Bodies of Equilibrium. Explicit Solution  

E-print Network

Explicit solutions of the two-dimensional floating body problem (bodies that can float in all positions) for relative density rho different from 1/2 and of the tire track problem (tire tracks of a bicycle, which do not allow to determine, which way the bicycle went) are given, which differ from circles. Starting point is the differential equation given in archive physics/0205059 and Studies in Appl. Math. 111 (2003) 167-183.

Franz Wegner

2006-03-20

184

Preventing sexual aggression among college men: an evaluation of a social norms and bystander intervention program.  

PubMed

Men and women living in randomly selected 1st-year dormitories participated in tailored single-sex sexual assault prevention or risk-reduction programs, respectively. An evaluation of the men's project is presented (N = 635). The program incorporated social norms and bystander intervention education and had an impact on self-reported sexual aggression and an effect on men's perceptions that their peers would intervene when they encountered inappropriate behavior in others. Relative to the control group, participants also reported less reinforcement for engaging in sexually aggressive behavior, reported fewer associations with sexually aggressive peers, and indicated less exposure to sexually explicit media. PMID:21571742

Gidycz, Christine A; Orchowski, Lindsay M; Berkowitz, Alan D

2011-06-01

185

Efficient additive kernels via explicit feature maps.  

PubMed

Large scale nonlinear support vector machines (SVMs) can be approximated by linear ones using a suitable feature map. The linear SVMs are in general much faster to learn and evaluate (test) than the original nonlinear SVMs. This work introduces explicit feature maps for the additive class of kernels, such as the intersection, Hellinger's, and ?2 kernels, commonly used in computer vision, and enables their use in large scale problems. In particular, we: 1) provide explicit feature maps for all additive homogeneous kernels along with closed form expression for all common kernels; 2) derive corresponding approximate finite-dimensional feature maps based on a spectral analysis; and 3) quantify the error of the approximation, showing that the error is independent of the data dimension and decays exponentially fast with the approximation order for selected kernels such as ?2. We demonstrate that the approximations have indistinguishable performance from the full kernels yet greatly reduce the train/test times of SVMs. We also compare with two other approximation methods: Nystrom's approximation of Perronnin et al., which is data dependent, and the explicit map of Maji and Berg for the intersection kernel, which, as in the case of our approximations, is data independent. The approximations are evaluated on a number of standard data sets, including Caltech-101, Daimler-Chrysler pedestrians, and INRIA pedestrians. PMID:21808094

Vedaldi, Andrea; Zisserman, Andrew

2012-03-01

186

Cues Resulting in Desire for Sexual Activity in Women  

PubMed Central

Introduction A number of questionnaires have been created to assess levels of sexual desire in women, but to our knowledge, there are currently no validated measures for assessing cues that result in sexual desire. A questionnaire of this nature could be useful for both clinicians and researchers, because it considers the contextual nature of sexual desire and it draws attention to individual differences in factors that can contribute to sexual desire. Aim The aim of the present study was to create a multidimensional assessment tool of cues for sexual desire in women that is validated in women with and without hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD). Methods Factor analyses conducted on both an initial sample (N = 874) and a community sample (N = 138) resulted in the Cues for Sexual Desire Scale (CSDS) which included four factors: (i) Emotional Bonding Cues; (ii) Erotic/ Explicit Cues; (iii) Visual/Proximity Cues; and (iv) Implicit/Romantic Cues. Main Outcome Measures Scale construction of cues associated with sexual desire and differences between women with and without sexual dysfunction. Results The CSDS demonstrated good reliability and validity and was able to detect significant differences between women with and without HSDD. Results from regression analyses indicated that both marital status and level of sexual functioning predicted scores on the CSDS. The CSDS provided predictive validity for the Female Sexual Function Index desire and arousal domain scores, and increased cues were related to a higher reported frequency of sexual activity in women. Conclusions The findings from the present study provide valuable information regarding both internal and external triggers that can result in sexual desire for women. We believe that the CSDS could be beneficial in therapeutic settings to help identify cues that do and do not facilitate sexual desire in women with clinically diagnosed desire difficulties. PMID:16942529

McCall, Katie; Meston, Cindy

2010-01-01

187

Perceptions of sexual compliance?resisting messages in three types of cross?sex relationships  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined sexual rejection messages from the perspective of the message recipient. Respondents were presented with a hypothetical scenario manipulating relationship type (friendship, dating, and ambiguous) and directness of rejection message. The least direct rejection involved no explicit comment on the sexual overture but a request to change the television channel. Moderate directness involved messages containing an account based

Sandra Metts; William R. Cupach; T. Todd Imahori

1992-01-01

188

Effects of Long-Term Exposure to Violent and Sexually Degrading Depictions of Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this study we investigated the effects of emotional desensitization to films of violence against women and the effects of sexually degrading explicit and nonexplicit films on beliefs about rape and the sexual objectification of women. Male subjects viewed either two or five R-rated violent \\

Daniel G. Linz; Edward Donnerstein; Steven Penrod

1988-01-01

189

Sexual Health Curricula in U.S. Medical Schools: Current Educational Objectives  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors identify the explicit and implicit objectives that shape decisions about what medical schools teach regarding human sexuality. Methods: The authors reviewed relevant articles in journals, physician licensing examinations, and publications by professional organizations to identify learning objectives for human sexuality in…

Galletly, Carol; Lechuga, Julia; Layde, Joseph B.; Pinkerton, Steven

2010-01-01

190

Adolescent Sexual Initiation through the Lens of Letters to the Editor Published in Polish Teenage Magazines  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Almost all teenage magazines invite readers to submit questions concerning relationships, published as letters to the editor, popularly called "advice columns," often containing explicit questions about sexuality. This study aims to examine, firstly, how themes related to sexual initiation are presented in letters to the editor published in Polish…

Kopacz, Marek S.; Bajka-Kopacz, Aleksandra

2012-01-01

191

Thoreau's sexuality.  

PubMed

Although Henry David Thoreau (1817-1862) has often been described as lacking in sexual drive or at most a rather reluctant heterosexual, a close study of his life and writings indicates the presence of a pronounced vein of homoeroticism--although there seems to be no concrete evidence of any homosexual activity on his part. Cognizance of that homoeroticism helps one to understand many elements of his life and writings and suggests that his intense love of nature may have resulted from sublimation of that homoeroticism. PMID:1880400

Harding, W

1991-01-01

192

Materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

Materials play an important role in manufactured goods. Materials must possess both acceptable properties for their intended\\u000a applications and a suitable ability to be manufactured. These criteria hold true for micromanufacturing, in which parts have\\u000a overall dimensions of less than 1 mm. This chapter begins by reviewing materials usage in Asian and European research in micromanufacturing,\\u000a categorized by manufacturing process.

David Bourell; Kamlakar Rajurkar

193

Sexually Transmitted Infections in Tehran  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain a public health problem of major significance in most parts of the world. This study aimed to detect the most prevalent pathogens in patients with signs and symptoms of STI referring to a group of university clinics in Tehran. Materials and methods: In this cross-sectional study using randomized cluster sampling, 507 consecutive male and

Maryam Afrakhteh; Hadi Beyhaghi; Afshin Moradi; Seyed Jalil Hosseini; Atossa Mahdavi; Shahrzad Zadeh Modarres; Zahra Zonoobi; Homeyra Masoomi

2008-01-01

194

Sexual experience and risky sexual behaviours of Turkish university students  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives  To determine the sexual experience and risky sexual behaviours of Turkish university students.\\u000a \\u000a \\u000a \\u000a Materials and methods  This cross-sectional questionnaire survey was carried out in a state university in central Turkey. The data were collected\\u000a in the 2006–2007 academic year in this university. Participants were 949 convenience students from this university. The study\\u000a group was determined by a stratified sampling method, with

Zehra Golbasi; Meral Kelleci

2011-01-01

195

On spatially explicit models of cholera epidemics  

PubMed Central

We generalize a recently proposed model for cholera epidemics that accounts for local communities of susceptibles and infectives in a spatially explicit arrangement of nodes linked by networks having different topologies. The vehicle of infection (Vibrio cholerae) is transported through the network links that are thought of as hydrological connections among susceptible communities. The mathematical tools used are borrowed from general schemes of reactive transport on river networks acting as the environmental matrix for the circulation and mixing of waterborne pathogens. Using the diffusion approximation, we analytically derive the speed of propagation for travelling fronts of epidemics on regular lattices (either one-dimensional or two-dimensional) endowed with uniform population density. Power laws are found that relate the propagation speed to the diffusion coefficient and the basic reproduction number. We numerically obtain the related, slower speed of epidemic spreading for more complex, yet realistic river structures such as Peano networks and optimal channel networks. The analysis of the limit case of uniformly distributed population sizes proves instrumental in establishing the overall conditions for the relevance of spatially explicit models. To that extent, the ratio between spreading and disease outbreak time scales proves the crucial parameter. The relevance of our results lies in the major differences potentially arising between the predictions of spatially explicit models and traditional compartmental models of the susceptible–infected–recovered (SIR)-like type. Our results suggest that in many cases of real-life epidemiological interest, time scales of disease dynamics may trigger outbreaks that significantly depart from the predictions of compartmental models. PMID:19605400

Bertuzzo, E.; Casagrandi, R.; Gatto, M.; Rodriguez-Iturbe, I.; Rinaldo, A.

2010-01-01

196

Refinement of protein structures in explicit solvent  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a CPU efficient protocol\\u000afor refinement of protein structures in a thin\\u000alayer of explicit solvent and energy parameters with\\u000acompletely revised dihedral angle terms. Our approach\\u000ais suitable for protein structures determined\\u000aby theoretical (e.g., homology modeling or threading)\\u000aor experimental methods (e.g., NMR). In contrast\\u000ato other recently proposed refinement protocols,\\u000awe put a strong emphasis

Jens P. Linge; Mark A. Williams; Christian A. E. M. Spronk; Alexandre M. J. J. Bonvin; Michael Nilges

2003-01-01

197

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent  

Microsoft Academic Search

Misperceiving a woman's platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women's sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to

Coreen Farris; Teresa A. Treat; Richard J. Viken; Richard M. McFall

2008-01-01

198

Impact of Child Sexual Abuse on Developing Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

This article reviews theoretical and empirical literature on sexual abuse and focuses on the effects of child sexual abuse on developing sexuality. The issues addressed include (a) prominent family qualities associated with sexual socialization, (b) theoretical formulations that account for the effects of sexual abuse on developing sexuality, and (c) research findings on the impact of child sexual abuse on

Deborah Tharinger

1990-01-01

199

Brain activation patterns in women with acquired hypoactive sexual desire disorder and women with normal sexual function: a cross-sectional pilot study  

PubMed Central

Objective To examine and compare brain activation patterns of premenopausal women with normal sexual function and those with hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) during viewing of validated sexually explicit film clips. Design Cross-sectional pilot study. Setting University-based clinical research center. Patient(s) Premenopausal women. Intervention(s) None. Main Outcome Measure(s) Areas of brain activation during viewing of sexually explicit film clips. Result(s) Women with normal sexual function showed significantly greater activation of the right thalamus, left insula, left precentral gyrus, and left parahippocampal gyrus in comparison with women with HSDD, who exhibited greater activation of the right medial frontal gyrus and left precuneus regions. Conclusion(s) Women with HSDD may have alterations in activation of limbic and cortical structures responsible for acquiring, encoding, and retrieving memory, the processing and memory of emotional reactions, and areas responsible for heightened attention to one’s own physical state. PMID:23830149

Woodard, Terri L.; Nowak, Nicole T.; Balon, Richard; Tancer, Manuel; Diamond, Michael P.

2013-01-01

200

Linking online sexual activities to health outcomes among teens.  

PubMed

New digital technologies are highly responsive to many of the developmental needs of adolescents, including their need for intimate connection and social identity. This chapter explores adolescents' use of web-based sexual information, texting and "sexting," online dating sites, role-playing games, and sexually explicit media, and presents new data comparing the interpersonal and intrapersonal health outcomes among youth who engage in online sexual activities to those who do not. Despite the media-stoked concerns surrounding adolescents' participation in online sexual activities, the ubiquity of online activities and close overlap between online and offline activities indicate that this type of behavior should not be pathologized or used as a metric of problem behavior. The chapter concludes with implications for parents, educators, researchers, counselors, and health care providers, a call to challenge our deep discomfort around adolescent sexuality and to harness these technologies in ways that help promote growth and positive development. PMID:24962361

O'Sullivan, Lucia F

2014-01-01

201

Alcohol and Sexual Assault  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conservative estimates of sexual assault prevalence suggest that 25 percent of American women have experienced sexual assault, including rape. Approximately one-half of those cases involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator, victim, or both. Alcohol contributes to sexual assault through multiple pathways, often exacerbating existing risk factors. Beliefs about alcohol's effects on sexual and aggressive behavior, stereotypes about drinking women, and

Antonia Abbey; Tina Zawacki; Philip O. Buck; A. Monique Clinton; Pam McAuslan

2001-01-01

202

Sexual Assault Support Resources  

E-print Network

Sexual Assault Support Resources #12;#12;IIf you have been sexually assaulted it can have a serious're not comfortable with. If the sexual assault has occurred in the last 24 to 72 hours, it is usually recommended resource, as appropriate. #12;ON-CAMPUSRESOURCES WHAT TO EXPECT FROM: SEXUAL ASSAULT SURVIVORS' SUPPORT

203

Sexual Problems of Counselees.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Approximately 50% of American marriages have some sexual dysfunction. Because sexuality is an important part of a person's life, counselors should be sensitive to sexual concerns of their clients. Taking an adequate sex history and highlighting problem areas may increase counseling efficiency. When counselors teach courses on human sexuality, they…

Heritage, Jeannette G.; West, W. Beryl

204

Addressing Sexual Harassment  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses ways on how to address the problem of sexual harassment in schools. Sexual harassment--simply defined as any unwanted and unwelcome sexual behavior--is a sensitive topic. Merely providing students, parents, and staff members with information about the school's sexual harassment policy is insufficient; schools must take…

Young, Ellie L.; Ashbaker, Betty Y.

2008-01-01

205

Military Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

October, 2014 What is military sexual trauma (MST)? Military sexual trauma, or MST, is the term used by VA to refer to experiences of sexual ... diagnosis, and Veterans’ current treatment needs will vary. Military Sexual Trauma October, 2014 How can MST affect ...

206

Sexuality and Violence.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The author examines specific manifestations of violence in relation to sexuality: (1) forcible rape rate; (2) war atrocities; (3) sexual violence in prisons; and (4) pornography. Drawing much from Hannah Arendt's book on violence, he views sexual violence as symptomatic of a lack of sexual power, not a sign of its possession. The causes are seen…

Sanctuary, Gerald

207

Getting the 'blues': the existence, diffusion and influence of pornography on young peoples' sexual health in Sierra Leone.  

PubMed

While substantial research has examined the effects of pornography on young people in developed societies, existing studies fall short in addressing how sexually-explicit material affects young people in developing countries. The importance of such knowledge increases as the globalising effects of technology expand young peoples' access and exposure to pornography. During the summer of 2012, a study was undertaken in Sierra Leone examining factors affecting young peoples' sexual and reproductive health. The research assessed the influence of HIV knowledge, communication about sex, civil war and contraception myths on sexual behaviours, while remaining open to unanticipated factors. During data collection, respondents identified pornography, also called blues, as an influential factor, detailing its newfound accessibility driven by improved access to information and communication technologies in the country. Respondents also addressed several presumed ways in which pornography impacts young peoples' decisions about sexual health. The following study examines perceived effects of young peoples' exposure to pornography based on existing literature. It then outlines the findings of research conducted in Sierra Leone, drawing on primary data from the respondents and relevant published literature and concludes with proposals for addressing its negative effects. PMID:24387328

Day, Andrea

2014-01-01

208

Sexual arousal, is it for mammals only?  

PubMed Central

Sexual arousal has many dimensions and has consequently been defined in various ways. In humans sexual arousal can be assessed based in part on verbal communication. In male non-human mammalian species it has been argued that arousal can only be definitively inferred if the subject exhibits a penile erection in a sexual context. In non-mammalian species that lack an intromittent organ, as is the case for most avian species, the question of how to assess sexual arousal has not been thoroughly addressed. Based on studies performed in male Japanese quail, we argue that several behavioral or physiological characteristics provide suitable measures of sexual arousal in birds and probably also in other tetrapods. These indices include the performance of appetitive sexual behavior in anticipation of copulation (although anticipation and arousal are not the synonyms), the activation of specific brain areas as identified by the detection of the expression of immediate early genes (fos, egr-1) or by 2-deoxygucose quantitative autoradiography, and above all the release of dopamine in the medial preoptic areas as measured by in vivo dialysis. Based on these criteria, it is possible to assess in birds sexual arousal in its broadest sense but meeting the more restrictive definition of arousal proposed for mammals (erection in an explicit sexual context) is and will probably remain impossible in birds until refinement of in vivo imaging techniques such fMRI allow us to match in different species, with and without an intromittent organ, the brain areas that are activated in the presence of specific stimuli. PMID:21073874

Ball, Gregory F.; Balthazart, Jacques

2012-01-01

209

Spatially explicit modelling of cholera epidemics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Epidemiological models can provide crucial understanding about the dynamics of infectious diseases. Possible applications range from real-time forecasting and allocation of health care resources to testing alternative intervention mechanisms such as vaccines, antibiotics or the improvement of sanitary conditions. We apply a spatially explicit model to the cholera epidemic that struck Haiti in October 2010 and is still ongoing. The dynamics of susceptibles as well as symptomatic and asymptomatic infectives are modelled at the scale of local human communities. Dissemination of Vibrio cholerae through hydrological transport and human mobility along the road network is explicitly taken into account, as well as the effect of rainfall as a driver of increasing disease incidence. The model is calibrated using a dataset of reported cholera cases. We further model the long term impact of several types of interventions on the disease dynamics by varying parameters appropriately. Key epidemiological mechanisms and parameters which affect the efficiency of treatments such as antibiotics are identified. Our results lead to conclusions about the influence of different intervention strategies on the overall epidemiological dynamics.

Finger, F.; Bertuzzo, E.; Mari, L.; Knox, A. C.; Gatto, M.; Rinaldo, A.

2013-12-01

210

Exploring the social and sexual “reality” of contemporary pornography  

Microsoft Academic Search

What are the social roles assumed by men and women in contemporary sexually explicit movies, and in what contexts are their actions portrayed? Perhaps more important, have the predominant themes of pornography shifted in response to the public scrutiny and criticism popular in the mid?1980s? In this investigation we addressed these questions using a random sample of 50 pornographic videotapes

James B. Weaver III; Joachim F. Staab

1993-01-01

211

Sexual or Friendly? Associations about Women, Men, and Self  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Using explicit, self-report measures, past research has found that heterosexual men, relative to heterosexual women, often attribute more sexuality to women's behaviors. In the present studies, the Implicit Association Test was used to determine if these findings held at the automatic processing level. The results of Study 1 were consistent with…

Lindgren, Kristen P.; Shoda, Yuichi; George, William H.

2007-01-01

212

Women, Alcohol, and Sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

Alcohol consumption increases subjective sexual desire, arousal, and pleasure for many women, although it lowers physiological\\u000a arousal. Despite the general belief that alcohol disinhibits female sexual behaviors, alcohol leads to changes in sexual behavior\\u000a only for a minority of women. Expectancies about the effects of alcohol on sexual behavior may be important mediators of the\\u000a alcohol-sexual behavior linkage. There also

Linda J. Beckman; Kimberly T. Ackerman

213

Sexuality and Islam.  

PubMed

This paper deals with three major questions: (1) What are the sexual norms defined by the sacred texts (Koran and Sunna)? (2) What are the sexual practices currently observed among Moslems? (3) To which extent are current sexual practices of Moslems dissociated from Islamic sexual norms? Sexual standards in Islam are paradoxical: on the one hand, they allow and actually are an enticement to the exercise of sexuality but, on the other hand, they discriminate between male and female sexuality, between marital and pre- or extramarital sexuality, and between heterosexuality and homosexuality. Men are given more rights with regard to the expression of their sexuality; women are forbidden to have extramarital sex (with their slaves) and both genders to have homosexual relationships. The combination of these paradoxical standards with modernisation leads to the current back and forth swing of sexual practices between repression and openness. Partial modernisation leads to greater sexual tolerance. But restrictive sexual standards have gathered strength and have become idealised as a result of the current radicalisation of Islam. This swing of the pendulum between repression and openness is illustrated by phenomena such as public harassment, premarital sexuality, female pleasure, prostitution, and homosexuality. Currently, Islam is not any more the only reference which provides guidance concerning sexual practices but secularisation of sexual laws is still politically unthinkable today. So the only solution is to achieve reform in the name of Islam, through the reinterpretation of repressive holy texts. PMID:20441406

Dialmy, Abdessamad

2010-06-01

214

Inferring explicit weighted consensus networks to represent alternative evolutionary histories  

PubMed Central

Background The advent of molecular biology techniques and constant increase in availability of genetic material have triggered the development of many phylogenetic tree inference methods. However, several reticulate evolution processes, such as horizontal gene transfer and hybridization, have been shown to blur the species evolutionary history by causing discordance among phylogenies inferred from different genes. Methods To tackle this problem, we hereby describe a new method for inferring and representing alternative (reticulate) evolutionary histories of species as an explicit weighted consensus network which can be constructed from a collection of gene trees with or without prior knowledge of the species phylogeny. Results We provide a way of building a weighted phylogenetic network for each of the following reticulation mechanisms: diploid hybridization, intragenic recombination and complete or partial horizontal gene transfer. We successfully tested our method on some synthetic and real datasets to infer the above-mentioned evolutionary events which may have influenced the evolution of many species. Conclusions Our weighted consensus network inference method allows one to infer, visualize and validate statistically major conflicting signals induced by the mechanisms of reticulate evolution. The results provided by the new method can be used to represent the inferred conflicting signals by means of explicit and easy-to-interpret phylogenetic networks. PMID:24359207

2013-01-01

215

Explicit semantic stimulus categorization interferes with implicit emotion processing.  

PubMed

Previous functional magnetic resonance imaging and event-related brain potential studies revealed that performing a cognitive task may suppress the preferential processing of emotional stimuli. However, these studies utilized simple and artificial tasks (i.e. letter, shape or orientation discrimination tasks), unfamiliar to the participants. The present event-related potential study examined the emotion-attention interaction in the context of a comparably more natural scene categorization task. Deciding whether a natural scene contains an animal or not is a familiar and meaningful task to the participants and presumed to require little attentional resources. The task images were presented centrally and were overlaid upon emotional or neutral background pictures. Thus, implicit emotion and explicit semantic categorization may compete for processing resources in neural regions implicated in object recognition. Additionally, participants passively viewed the same stimulus materials without the demand to categorize task images. Significant interactions between task condition and emotional picture valence were observed for the occipital negativity and late positive potential. In the passive viewing condition, emotional background images elicited an increased occipital negativity followed by an increased late positive potential. In contrast, during the animal-/non-animal-categorization task, emotional modulation effects were replaced by strong target categorization effects. These results suggest that explicit semantic categorization interferes with implicit emotion processing when both processes compete for shared resources. PMID:24194577

Schupp, Harald T; Schmälzle, Ralf; Flaisch, Tobias

2014-11-01

216

Explanatory Semantic Relatedness and Explicit Spatialization for Exploratory Search  

E-print Network

Explanatory Semantic Relatedness and Explicit Spatialization for Exploratory Search Brent Hecht geographic and non-geographic contexts through explicit spatialization, a novel method that leverages any perspective, but also from a chemistry perspective, a politics perspective, a music perspective

MacIver, Malcolm A.

217

Differential aging from acceleration, an explicit formula  

E-print Network

We consider a clock 'paradox' framework where an observer leaves an inertial frame, is accelerated and after an arbitrary trip comes back. We discuss a simple equation that gives, in the 1+1 dimensional case, an explicit relation between the time elapsed on the inertial frame and the acceleration measured by the accelerating observer during the trip. A non-closed trip with respect to an inertial frame appears closed with respect to another suitable inertial frame. Using this observation we define the differential aging as a function of proper time and show that it is non-decreasing. The reconstruction problem of special relativity is also discussed showing that its, at least numerical, solution would allow the construction of an 'inertial clock'.

E. Minguzzi

2004-11-25

218

Positive Evidence Versus Explicit Rule Presentation and Explicit Negative Feedback: A Computer-Assisted Study  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The facilitative role of explicit information in second language acquisition has been supported by a significant body of research (Alanen, 1995; Carroll & Swain, 1993; de Graaff, 1997; DeKeyser, 1995; Ellis, 1993; Robinson, 1996, 1997), but counterevidence is also available (Rosa & ONeill, 1999; VanPatten & Oikkenon, 1996). This experimental study…

Sanz, Cristina; Morgan-Short, Kara

2004-01-01

219

Explicit Programming: Improving the Design Vocabulary of Your Program  

E-print Network

to introduce project- specific design vocabulary into existing general-purpose languages. Using explicit programming(EP), present ELIDE (Extension Language for Incremental Design Encoding), which supports Explicit extend a general-purpose programming language with such vocabulary. In explicit programming, new

De Volder, Kris

220

Reasoning about Explicit and Implicit Representations of State  

E-print Network

. The first step is to define a target language G with explicit store manipulation constructs for the source language because of the explicit representation of the store. The semanReasoning about Explicit and Implicit Representations of State Amr Sabry \\Lambda John Field Rice

Sabry, Amr

221

Second and ThirdOrder Matching via Explicit Substitutions  

E-print Network

in the language of the ##­calculus of explicit substitutions. This class includes all the problems originatedSecond­ and Third­Order Matching via Explicit Substitutions FL â?? AVIO LEONARDO CAVALCANTI DE MOURA the benefits of using explicit substitutions in the treatment of problems such as unification and matching

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

222

The effectiveness of explicit attention to form in language learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper explores the facilitative effects of various types of attention-drawing instructional conditions (explicit and implicit) on the acquisition of English dative alternation. Specifically, the study addresses: (a) whether differences in the degree of explicitness manipulated in various instructional conditions differently affect the learning of the target feature; (b) whether differences in the degree of explicitness in which the target

Adel Abu Radwan

2005-01-01

223

Second-and Third-Order Matching via Explicit Substitutions  

E-print Network

in the language of the -calculus of explicit substitutions. This class includes all the problems originatedSecond- and Third-Order Matching via Explicit Substitutions FL´AVIO LEONARDO CAVALCANTI DE MOURA the benefits of using explicit substitutions in the treatment of problems such as unification and matching

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

224

Developmental Comparisons of Implicit and Explicit Language Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Conventional wisdom holds that children learn languages implicitly whereas older learners learn languages explicitly, and some have claimed that after puberty only explicit language learning is possible. However, older learners often receive more explicit instruction than child L2 learners, which may affect their learning strategies. This study…

Lichtman, Karen

2013-01-01

225

The Definition and Measurement of L2 Explicit Knowledge  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A number of theories of second language L2 acquisition acknowledge a role for explicit L2 knowledge. However, the testing of these theories remains problematic because of the lack of a widely accepted means for measuring L2 explicit knowledge. This article seeks to address this lacuna by examining L2 explicit knowledge from two perspectives.…

Ellis, Rod

2004-01-01

226

Does intensive explicit grammar instruction make all the difference?  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper investigates the effect of explicit grammar instruction on grammatical knowledge and writing proficiency in first-year students of French at a UK university. Previous research suggests that explicit grammar instruction results in gains in explicit knowledge and its application in specific grammar-related tasks, but there is less evidence that it results in gains in production tasks. A cohort of

Ernesto Macaro; Liz Masterman

2006-01-01

227

Style Adaptive Bayesian Tracking Using Explicit Manifold Learning  

E-print Network

Style Adaptive Bayesian Tracking Using Explicit Manifold Learning Chan-Su Lee and Ahmed Elgammal an explicit modeling of the motion manifold and learning a decomposable generative model. We use nonlinear the constraints imposed by the human motion. Given such embedding, we learn an explicit representation of the mani

Lee, Chan-Su

228

American Academy of Pediatrics. Policy statement--sexuality, contraception, and the media.  

PubMed

From a health viewpoint, early sexual activity among US adolescents is a potential problem because of the risk of pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. New evidence points to the media adolescents use frequently (television, music, movies, magazines, and the Internet) as important factors in the initiation of sexual intercourse. There is a major disconnect between what mainstream media portray-casual sex and sexuality with no consequences-and what children and teenagers need-straightforward information about human sexuality and the need for contraception when having sex. Television, film, music, and the Internet are all becoming increasingly sexually explicit, yet information on abstinence, sexual responsibility, and birth control remains rare. It is unwise to promote "abstinence-only" sex education when it has been shown to be ineffective and when the media have become such an important source of information about "nonabstinence." Recommendations are presented to help pediatricians address this important issue. PMID:20805150

2010-09-01

229

Indian concepts on sexuality.  

PubMed

India is a vast country depicting wide social, cultural and sexual variations. Indian concept of sexuality has evolved over time and has been immensely influenced by various rulers and religions. Indian sexuality is manifested in our attire, behavior, recreation, literature, sculptures, scriptures, religion and sports. It has influenced the way we perceive our health, disease and device remedies for the same. In modern era, with rapid globalization the unique Indian sexuality is getting diffused. The time has come to rediscover ourselves in terms of sexuality to attain individual freedom and to reinvest our energy to social issues related to sexuality. PMID:23858263

Chakraborty, Kaustav; Thakurata, Rajarshi Guha

2013-01-01

230

Explicit 3D continuum fracture modeling with smooth particle hydrodynamics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Impact phenomena shaped our solar system. As usual for most solar system processes, the scales are far different than we can address directly in the laboratory. Impact velocities are often much higher than we can achieve, sizes are often vastly larger, and most impacts take place in an environment where the only gravitational force is the mutual pull of the impactors. The Smooth Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) technique has been applied in the past to the simulations of giant impacts. In these simulations, the colliding objects were so massive (at least a sizeable fraction of the Earth's mass) that material strength was negligible compared to gravity. This assumption can no longer be made when the bodies are much smaller. To this end, we have developed a 3D SPH code that includes a strength model to which we have added a von Mises yielding relation for stresses beyond the Hugoniot Elastic Limit. At the lower stresses associated with brittle failure, we use a rate-dependent strength based on the nucleation of incipient flaws whose number density is given by a Weibull distribution. Following Grady and Kipp and Melosh et al., we introduce a state variable D ('damage'), 0 less than D less than 1, which expresses the local reduction in strength due to crack growth under tensile loading. Unfortunately for the hydrodynamics, Grady and Kipp's model predicts which fragments are the most probable ones and not the ones that are really formed. This means, for example, that if a given laboratory experiment is modeled, the fragment distribution obtained from the Grady-Kipp theory would be equivalent to a ensemble average over many realizations of the experiment. On the other hand, the hydrodynamics itself is explicit and evolves not an ensemble average but very specific fragments. Hence, there is a clear incompatibility with the deterministic nature of the hydrodynamics equations and the statistical approach of the Grady-Kipp dynamical fracture model. We remedy these shortcomings by making the incipient flaw distribution explicit, i.e., particles carry activation strains which are distributed at random with a probability of occurrence given by the Weibull distribution. If the local principal axis strain exceeds this limit, damage starts to grow. By growing explicit cracks together with statistical cracks (damage) at the sub-particle scale, we ensure that material strength and fragmentation is independent of model resolution. We tested our scheme by simulating laboratory impact experiments on basalt spheres.

Benz, W.; Asphaug, E.

1993-01-01

231

Causes of sexual dysfunction (image)  

MedlinePLUS

Female sexual dysfunction describes women who are indifferent or hostile to sexual intercourse, who have no response to sexual advances or stimulation, or who are unable to have an orgasm during sexual intercourse.

232

Effects of child and adult sexual abuse on adult sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The differential effects of child and adult sexual abuse on adult sexual functioning were examined. The Golombok Rust Inventory of Sexual Satisfaction (GRISS) and a sexual experiences questionnaire were administered to 201 psychology students at the University of South Florida, 175 of whom were retained in the study. GRISS variables that were analyzed consisted of anorgasmia, sexual avoidance, sexual dissatisfaction,

Marla Green Bartoi; Bill N. Kinder

1998-01-01

233

ORIGINAL PAPER Sexual Victimization, Alcohol Intoxication, Sexual-Emotional  

E-print Network

in the past year, completed childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and adolescent/adult sexual assault(ASA) measures combine to exacerbate their sexual risks. Keywords Child sexual abuse Á Sexual assault Á Alcohol Á Sexual. F. Kajumulo Á J. M. Otto Department of Psychology, University of Washington, Box 351525, Seattle, WA

234

Sexual harassment in Dentistry: prevalence in dental school  

PubMed Central

Objective Sexual harassment is unlawful in all work and educational environments in most nations of the world. The goals of this study were to describe the sexual harassment prevalence and to evaluate the experiences and attitudes of undergraduate students in one dental school in Brazil. Material and Methods An 18-item questionnaire was administered to 254 dental students with a completion rate of 82% (208). Students were requested to respond to questions about their background and academic level in dental school, their personal experiences with sexual harassment and their observation of someone else being sexually harassed. Bivariate statistical analyses were performed. Results Fifteen percent of the students reported being sexually harassed by a patient, by a relative of a patient or by a professor. Male students had 3 times higher probability of being sexually harassed than female student [OR=2.910 (1.113-7.611)]. Additionally, 25.4% of the students reported witnessing sexual harassment at the school environment. The majority of students did not feel professionally prepared to respond to unwanted sexual behaviors. Conclusion These findings demonstrate that sexual harassment can occur in a dental school setting. There is a need for ongoing sexual harassment education programs for students and university staff. Increased knowledge of sexual harassment during graduation can better prepare dental professionals to respond to sexual harassment during their practice. PMID:21085799

GARBIN, Cléa Adas Saliba; ZINA, Lívia Guimarães; GARBIN, Artênio José Insper; MOIMAZ, Suzely Adas Saliba

2010-01-01

235

Understanding Sexual Violence  

MedlinePLUS

... based activities that address healthy sexuality and dating relationships. • Helping parents identify and address violent attitudes and behaviors in their kids. • Creating policies at work, at school, and in other places ... relationships. For more examples, see Sexual Violence Prevention: Beginning ...

236

Notes on sexuality & space  

E-print Network

Very little has been written on sexuality in architectural scholarship. Sexuality & Space (Princeton Architectural Press, 1992) contains the proceedings of an eponymous 1990 conference at Princeton University, and was both ...

Jacobson, Samuel Ray

2013-01-01

237

Sexual Problems in Women  

MedlinePLUS

There are many problems that can keep a woman from enjoying sex. They include Lack of sexual ... concerns about marriage or relationship problems. For some women, the problem results from past sexual trauma. Occasional ...

238

Responding to Sexual Assault  

E-print Network

University will not tolerate sexual assault in any form, including acquaintance rape. Where there is probable assault, we think of rape. However, rape is not the only type of sexual assault. These words can be used

Ravikumar, B.

239

[Explicit model for searching behavior of predator].  

PubMed

The authors present an approach for explicit modeling of spatio-temporal dynamics of predator-prey community. This approach is based on a reaction-diffusion-adjection PD (prey dependent) system. Local kinetics of population is determined by logistic reproduction function of prey, constant natural mortality of predator and Holling type 2 trophic function. Searching behavior of predator is described by the advective term in predator balance equation assuming the predator acceleration to be proportional to the prey density gradient. The model was studied with zero-flux boundary conditions. The influence of predator searching activity on the community dynamics, in particular, on the emergence of spatial heterogeneity, has been investigated by linear analysis and numerical simulations. It has been shown how searching activity may effect the persistence of species, stabilizing predator-prey interactions at very low level of pest density. It has been demonstrated that obtaining of such dynamic regimes does not require the use of complex trophic functions. PMID:11966215

Tiutiunov, Iu V; Sapukhina, N Iu; Senina, I N; Arditi, R

2002-01-01

240

Explicit Logic Circuits Discriminate Neural States  

PubMed Central

The magnitude and apparent complexity of the brain's connectivity have left explicit networks largely unexplored. As a result, the relationship between the organization of synaptic connections and how the brain processes information is poorly understood. A recently proposed retinal network that produces neural correlates of color vision is refined and extended here to a family of general logic circuits. For any combination of high and low activity in any set of neurons, one of the logic circuits can receive input from the neurons and activate a single output neuron whenever the input neurons have the given activity state. The strength of the output neuron's response is a measure of the difference between the smallest of the high inputs and the largest of the low inputs. The networks generate correlates of known psychophysical phenomena. These results follow directly from the most cost-effective architectures for specific logic circuits and the minimal cellular capabilities of excitation and inhibition. The networks function dynamically, making their operation consistent with the speed of most brain functions. The networks show that well-known psychophysical phenomena do not require extraordinarily complex brain structures, and that a single network architecture can produce apparently disparate phenomena in different sensory systems. PMID:19127299

Yoder, Lane

2009-01-01

241

Profiling Sexual Fantasy  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Criminal profiling attempts to understand the behavioral and personality characteristics of an offender and has gained increasing\\u000a recognition as a valuable investigative procedure. This chapter investigates sexual fantasy within the context of sexual crimes.\\u000a It opens by providing an account of sexual fantasy, its nexus with sexually aberrant behavior, and how it has been utilized\\u000a within the domain of criminal

Dion Gee; Aleksandra Belofastov

242

Sexpectations: Male College Students' Views about Displayed Sexual References on Females' Social Networking Web Sites  

PubMed Central

Study Objective Sexual reference display on a social networking web site (SNS) is associated with self-reported sexual intention; females are more likely to display sexually explicit content on SNSs. The purpose of this study was to investigate male college students' views towards sexual references displayed on publicly available SNSs by females. Design Focus groups Setting One large state university Participants Male college students age 18–23 Interventions All tape recorded data was fully transcribed, then discussed to determine thematic consensus. Main Outcome Measures A trained male facilitator asked participants about views on sexual references displayed on SNSs by female peers and showed examples of sexual references from female's SNS profiles to facilitate discussion. Results A total of 28 heterosexual male participants participated in 7 focus groups. Nearly all participants reported using Facebook to evaluate potential female partners. Three themes emerged from our data. First, participants reported that displays of sexual references on social networking web sites increased sexual expectations. Second, sexual reference display decreased interest in pursuing a dating relationship. Third, SNS data was acknowledged as imperfect but valuable. Conclusion Females who display sexual references on publicly available SNS profiles may be influencing potential partners' sexual expectations and dating intentions. Future research should examine females' motivations and beliefs about displaying such references, and educate women about the potential impact of these sexual displays. PMID:21190872

Moreno, Megan A.; Swanson, Michael J.; Royer, Heather; Roberts, Linda J.

2011-01-01

243

Schooling & Sexualities: Teaching for a Positive Sexuality.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This collection of papers contains a Foreword by Jane Kenway, an Introduction by Louise Laskey and Catherine Beavis, and four sections. Section 1, Schools and the Social Construction of Sexuality, contains 3 chapters: (1) Power and Partnership? Challenging the Sexual Construction of Schooling (D. Denborough); (2) Where Do You Draw the Line?…

Laskey, Louise, Ed.; Beavis, Catherine, Ed.

244

Global transformations and intimate relations in the 21st century: social science research on sexuality and the emergence of sexual health and sexual rights frameworks.  

PubMed

This article tracks the conjunction between the social, cultural, political, and economic changes taking place on a global level and the shift in sexuality research from primarily biomedical and behavioral concerns to those of rights and social justice. Particular attention is paid to how transnational public health and human rights discourses, and social movements concerned with gender inequality and the oppression of sexual minorities, have influenced the field of sexuality research. This influence is especially clear in the emergence of the concepts of sexual health and sexual rights, which have enabled researchers to draw clear connections between highly localized phenomena and transnational systems. The importance of rights-based approaches, in particular, has supported an explicit politicization of research and the engagement of researchers in social justice causes. To illustrate the interests and approach of contemporary sexuality research, the article includes a review of recent literature on sex trafficking and same-sex marriage. These cases are used to outline the negative and positive use of rights-the former a means to control harm and the latter a means to advance freedoms. Addressing the tension between these two strategies is a core challenge for the field of sexuality research. PMID:16913284

Parker, Richard; di Mauro, Diane; Filiano, Beth; Garcia, Jonathan; Muñoz-Laboy, Miguel; Sember, Robert

2004-01-01

245

Avalon Sexual Assault Centre  

E-print Network

Avalon Sexual Assault Centre www.avaloncentre.ca halifax.ca/MenEndingViolenceAgainstWomen www-494-6400 Dalhousie Security Services ph. 902-494-6400 @dalsecurity #12;Avalon Sexual Assault Centre www;Avalon Sexual Assault Centre www.avaloncentre.ca halifax.ca/MenEndingViolenceAgainstWomen www

Brownstone, Rob

246

Sexual Harassment in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the legal principles and precedents that frame current sexual harassment laws as they relate to schools. Discusses school district liability and responsibility for providing school environments safe from sexual harassment. Includes guidelines for developing and implementing school policies regarding sexual harassment. (CFR)

Mawdsley, Ralph D.

1994-01-01

247

Female Sexual Dysfunction  

MedlinePLUS

... menopause-and-womens-health.cfm North American Menopause Society information about sexual health and menopause: www.menopause.org/ ... em-sexual-health-menopause-em-online Mayo Clinic information about female sexual ... www.hormone.org or call 1-800-HORMONE (1-800-467-6663)

248

SEXUALITY AND GENDER IDENTITY  

E-print Network

LEARN TO UNDERSTAND SEXUALITY AND GENDER IDENTITY COUNSELLING AND PSYCHOLOGICAL SERVICES CAPS #12;CONTENTS 01 Questioning your sexuality or gender identity 02 Coming out 04 Sexual health 05 Harassment (or ever) label yourself as `gay', `lesbian', `bisexual', or even `straight'. Gender identity

Viglas, Anastasios

249

Loneliness and Sexual Dysfunctions.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Argues that sexual dysfunctions result from early childhood experiences which were originally nonsexual in nature. Contends that psychological difficulties centered around problems of loneliness tend to generate certain sexual dysfunctions. Extends and explores suggestion that genesis of sexual conflicts is in nonsexual infant separation anxiety…

Mijuskovic, Ben

1987-01-01

250

What is Sexual Addiction?  

Microsoft Academic Search

Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by

Stephen B. Levine

2010-01-01

251

Sexual Behavior in Adolescence  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Surveys conducted between the 1930's and 1970's on the sexual behavior of adolescents indicate the following: (1) older adolescents are more sexually experienced now than in earlier generations; (2) there has been a greater increase in incidence of premarital sex for females than males; and (3) there is a trend toward earlier sexual experience for…

Hopkins, J. Roy

1977-01-01

252

Sexual Assault Prevention Handbook.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This publication is designed to educate men and women about sexual assault. The goals are to encourage people to become involved in their own protection and to make them better informed and able to deal with sexual assaults when they do occur. Facts about sexual assault are presented, including descriptions of rapists, rape victims, and rape…

Missouri Governor's Commission on Crime, Jefferson.

253

Sexual Revictimization: The Role of Sexual Self-Esteem and Dysfunctional Sexual Behaviors  

Microsoft Academic Search

Disproportionately high rates of sexual revictimization have been noted among former victims of child sexual abuse (CSA), yet researchers have yet to determine the source of this apparent vulnerability to reexperience sexual violence. This study explores this issue by examining sexual self-esteem, sexual concerns, and sexual behaviors among 402 university women. Compared to women without a history of CSA (n

Lisa K. Van Bruggen; Marsha G. Runtz; Helena Kadlec

2006-01-01

254

Protecting youth from early and abusive sexual experiences.  

PubMed

School-age children and adolescents often are exposed to explicit sexual messages and activities that are confusing and that may be detrimental to their health and well-being. The purpose of this paper is to identify the factors that place youth at risk for abusive sexual experiences and early sexual activity (sexual debut) and to discuss strategies that can protect them from these potentially harmful experiences. A resilience framework guides the discussion of risk and protective factors at the individual, family, and community levels. Nurses working with individuals, families, and communities can thus lead others in creating a protective environment in which American youth can thrive. This protection includes comprehensive sex education and access to other sources of accurate information. PMID:18361083

Rew, Lynn; Bowman, Katherine

2008-01-01

255

How does breeding system variation modulate sexual antagonism?  

PubMed Central

The study of sexually antagonistic (SA) traits remains largely limited to dioecious (separate sex), mobile animals. However, the occurrence of sexual conflict is restricted neither by breeding system (the mode of sexual reproduction, e.g. dioecy or hermaphroditism) nor by sessility. Here, we synthesize how variation in breeding system can affect the evolution and expression of intra- and inter-locus sexual conflicts in plants and animals. We predict that, in hermaphrodites, SA traits will (i) display lower levels of polymorphism; (ii) respond more quickly to selection; and (iii) involve unique forms of interlocus conflict over sex allocation, mating roles and selfing rates. Explicit modelling and empirical tests in a broader range of breeding systems are necessary to obtain a general understanding of the evolution of SA traits. PMID:19553248

Bedhomme, Stephanie; Bernasconi, Giorgina; Koene, Joris M.; Lankinen, Asa; Arathi, H. S.; Michiels, Nico K.; Anthes, Nils

2009-01-01

256

Spatially explicit methane inventory for Switzerland  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Spatially explicit greenhouse gas inventories are gaining in importance as a tool for policy makers to plan and control mitigation measures, and are a required input for atmospheric models used to relate atmospheric concentration measurements with upstream sources. In order to represent the high spatial heterogeneity in Switzerland, we compiled the national methane inventory into a 500 m x 500 m cadaster. In addition to the anthropogenic emissions reported to the United Nation Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), we also included natural and semi-natural methane fluxes, i.e., emissions from lakes and reservoirs, wetlands, wild animals as well as forest uptake. Methane emissions were disaggregated according to geostatistical information about source location and extent. In Switzerland, highest methane emissions originate from the agricultural sector (152 Gg CH4 yr-1), followed by emissions from waste management (16 Gg CH4 yr-1) with highest contributions from landfills, and the energy sector (13 Gg CH4 yr-1) with highest contributions from the distribution of natural gas. Natural and semi-natural emissions only add a small amount (< 5%) to the total Swiss emissions. For validation, the bottom-up inventory was evaluated against methane concentrations measured from a small research aircraft (METAIR-DIMO) above the Swiss Plateau on 18 different days from May 2009 to August 2010 over. Source sensitivities of the air measured were determined by backward runs of the Lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART-COSMO. Source sensitivities were multiplied with the methane inventory to derive simulated methane concentration time series. While the pattern of the variations can be reproduced well for some flight days (correlation coefficient up to 0.75), the amplitude of the variations for the simulated time series is underestimated by at least 20% suggesting an underestimation of CH4 emissions by the inventory, which is also concluded from inverse estimation using a Bayesian approach.

Hiller, Rebecca; Bretscher, Daniel; DelSontro, Tonya; Eugster, Werner; Henne, Stephan; Henneberger, Ruth; Künzle, Thomas; Merbold, Lutz; Neininger, Bruno; Schellenberger, Andreas; Schroth, Martin; Buchmann, Nina; Brunner1, Dominik

2013-04-01

257

Dynamical dark matter. II. An explicit model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In a recent paper [K. R. Dienes and B. Thomas, Phys. Rev. DPRVDAQ1550-7998 85, 083523 (2012).], we introduced “dynamical dark matter,” a new framework for dark-matter physics, and outlined its underlying theoretical principles and phenomenological possibilities. Unlike most traditional approaches to the dark-matter problem which hypothesize the existence of one or more stable dark-matter particles, our dynamical dark-matter framework is characterized by the fact that the requirement of stability is replaced by a delicate balancing between cosmological abundances and lifetimes across a vast ensemble of individual dark-matter components. This setup therefore collectively produces a time-varying cosmological dark-matter abundance, and the different dark-matter components can interact and decay throughout the current epoch. While the goal of our previous paper was to introduce the broad theoretical aspects of this framework, the purpose of the current paper is to provide an explicit model of dynamical dark matter and demonstrate that this model satisfies all collider, astrophysical, and cosmological constraints. The results of this paper therefore constitute an “existence proof” of the phenomenological viability of our overall dynamical dark-matter framework, and demonstrate that dynamical dark matter is indeed a viable alternative to the traditional paradigm of dark-matter physics. Dynamical dark matter must therefore be considered alongside other approaches to the dark-matter problem, particularly in scenarios involving large extra dimensions or string theory in which there exist large numbers of particles which are neutral under standard-model symmetries.

Dienes, Keith R.; Thomas, Brooks

2012-04-01

258

Dissociation of explicit and implicit long-term memory consolidation in semantic dementia: a case study.  

PubMed

We report a case study of a semantic dementia patient, whose episodic memory consolidation was tested over a 2-month period. The results reveal that despite early retention of information, the patient lost all explicit information of the newly learnt material after 2 weeks. By contrast, he retained implicit word information even after a 4-week delay. These findings highlight the critical time window of 2-4 weeks in which newly learnt information should be re-encoded in rehabilitations studies. The results also indicate that learnt information can be still accessed with implicit retrieval strategies when explicit retrieval fails. PMID:22788676

Tu, S; Mioshi, E; Savage, S; Hodges, J R; Hornberger, M

2013-08-01

259

Sexual Misconduct and Enactment  

PubMed Central

Sexual misconduct remains a significant problem in the behavioral health professions. Although it is tempting to view sexual misconduct as perpetrated by “bad” clinicians against patients who are “victims,” this is an oversimplification of a complex problem. In this article, the author explores the psychoanalytic concept of enactment as a mechanism that can lead well-meaning clinicians to engage in sexual misconduct; defines enactment and differentiates it from near neighbor phenomena; uses case examples to illustrate how enactments may lead to sexual misconduct or may offer opportunities to deepen and enhance psychotherapeutic work; and offers recommendations for prevention of sexual misconduct. PMID:10523431

Plakun, Eric M.

1999-01-01

260

Sexual misconduct and enactment.  

PubMed

Sexual misconduct remains a significant problem in the behavioral health professions. Although it is tempting to view sexual misconduct as perpetrated by "bad" clinicians against patients who are "victims," this is an oversimplification of a complex problem. In this article, the author explores the psychoanalytic concept of enactment as a mechanism that can lead well-meaning clinicians to engage in sexual misconduct; defines enactment and differentiates it from near neighbor phenomena; uses case examples to illustrate how enactments may lead to sexual misconduct or may offer opportunities to deepen and enhance psychotherapeutic work; and offers recommendations for prevention of sexual misconduct. PMID:10523431

Plakun, E M

1999-01-01

261

Sexting, substance use, and sexual risk behavior in young adults  

PubMed Central

Purpose Cell phone use has become more widespread over the past decade. Young adults are frequently early adopters of new technologies, including cell phones. Most prior research examining sexting, the act of sending sexually explicit or suggestive images via text message, has focused on the legal or social consequences of this behavior. The current study focused on the public health implications of sexting by examining associations between sexting, substance use, and sexual risk behavior in youth. Methods Young adults (N=763) completed online questionnaires assessing demographics, cell phone use (e.g., texting, sexting), substance use, and sexual risk behaviors. Results Sexting was reported by a substantial minority of participants (44%). Compared to their non-sexting counterparts, participants who engaged in sexting were more likely to report recent substance use and high-risk sexual behaviors, including unprotected sex and sex with multiple partners. Of those who engaged in sexting, a considerable percentage (31.8%) reported having sex with a new partner for the first time after sexting with that person. In multivariate analyses, sexting was associated with high-risk sexual behavior after accounting for demographic factors, total texting behaviors, and substance use. Conclusions Results suggest that sexting is robustly associated with high-risk sexual behavior. Many individuals exchange explicit or provocative photos with long-term sexual partners, but at least some participants in this study were incurring new sexual risks subsequent to sexting. Additional research is needed to understand the contexts in which sexting occurs, motivations for sexting, and relationship of sexting to risk behavior. PMID:23299017

Benotsch, Eric G.; Snipes, Daniel J.; Martin, Aaron M.; Bull, Sheana S.

2012-01-01

262

Explicit stabilized integration of stiff determinisitic or stochastic problems  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Explicit stabilized methods for stiff ordinary differential equations have a long history. Proposed in the early 1960s and developed during 40 years for the integration of stiff ordinary differential equations, these methods have recently been extended to implicit-explicit or partitioned type methods for advection-diffusion-reaction problems, and to efficient explicit solvers for stiff mean-square stable stochastic problems. After a short review on the basic stabilized methods we discuss some recent developments.

Abdulle, Assyr

2012-09-01

263

Niki de Saint Phalle's lifelong dialogue between art and diseases: psychological trauma of sexual abuse, transient selective IgA deficiency, occupational exposure to toxic plastic material, chronic lung disease, rheumatoid arthritis.  

PubMed

The French artist Niki de Saint Phalle (1930-2002) is one of the most famous female painter and sculptor of the 20th century. Her eventful live was full of emotional and physical burdens such as abuse by the father as a adolescent, early separation from family, nervous collapse, turbulent relationship with the artist Jean Tinguely, and last not least serious diseases. The psychological trauma of sexual abuse together with a "nervous breakdown" years later was the start of a life as an artist and is also a key to her art of the early years. She was affected from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and was treated over 20 years with prednisolone and antimalarials leading to a good functional outcome and limited erosions of the wrist joint. Additionally, she had lifelong pulmonary disorders finally leading to death, which she attributed to polyester, the material used for her sculptures. An analysis of medical documents collected by her and provided by treating physicians gives another surprising explanation: selective IgA deficiency with multiple recurrent respiratory infections, asthma, milk intolerance, autoimmune thyroiditis, and RA compatible with hypogammaglobulinemia. Very unique in case of Niki de Saint Phalle is that IgA deficiency was transient. Nevertheless, it may be possible that the occupational exposure with art materials (polystyrene, polyester) has contributed in part or temporarily to her health problems. Altogether, her enormous artistic productivity represents an outstanding example of creative coping with RA and other lifelong health problems. PMID:23182162

Zeidler, Henning

2013-05-01

264

The Reciprocal Relationship Between Sexual Victimization and Sexual Assertiveness  

PubMed Central

Low sexual assertiveness has been proposed as a possible mechanism through which sexual revictimization occurs, yet evidence for this has been mixed. In this study, prospective path analysis was used to examine the relationship between sexual refusal assertiveness and sexual victimization over time among a community sample of women. Results provide support for a reciprocal relationship, with historical victimization predicting low sexual assertiveness and low sexual assertiveness predicting subsequent victimization. The effect of recent sexual victimization on subsequent sexual assertiveness also was replicated prospectively. These findings suggest that strengthening sexual assertiveness may help reduce vulnerability to future victimization. PMID:17322273

Livingston, Jennifer A.; Testa, Maria; VanZile-Tamsen, Carol

2007-01-01

265

Brandeis University prohibits all forms of sexual misconduct (including sexual  

E-print Network

Brandeis University prohibits all forms of sexual misconduct (including sexual assault, sexual of the resources below for help. A RESOURCE GUIDE FOR SExUAl ASSAUlt SURVIVORS Updated May 2014 Office Of c AND ASSISTANCE Sexual assault Services and prevention Specialist Sheila McMahon 781-736-3626 smcmahon

Snider, Barry B.

266

Late Adolescent Girls' Sexual Experiences and Sexual Satisfaction  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study presented and tested a model of sexual satisfaction for late adolescent girls. In this model, sexual self-concept and approach sexual motives were tested as predictors of adolescent girls' sexual satisfaction with their most recent experience of sexual intercourse. A total of 116 girls in 12th grade (ages 16-19) completed measures of…

Impett, Emily A.; Tolman, Deborah L.

2006-01-01

267

The Content of Sexual Fantasies for Sexual Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

Although the phenomenon of sexual fantasy has been extensively researched, little contemporary inquiry has investigated the content of sexual fantasy within the context of sexual offending. In this study, a qualitative analysis was used to develop a descriptive model of the phenomena of sexual fantasy during the offence process. Twenty-four adult males convicted of sexual offences provided detailed retrospective descriptions

Dion G. Gee; Grant J. Devilly; Tony Ward

2004-01-01

268

SexualHarassment Yale University statement on sexual harassment  

E-print Network

performance or creating an intimidating or hostile academic or work environment. Sexual harassment maySexualHarassment Yale University statement on sexual harassment Sexual harassment is antithetical of University policy and may result in serious disciplinary action. Sexual harassment consists of nonconsen

269

Adolescent Sexual Behavior and Sexual Education in the United States  

Microsoft Academic Search

This review of sexual education in the United States broadly defines the two most common approaches in sexual education seen in this country today. I cover the status of certain sexual behaviors and risks amongst the teenage population in the U.S. and specifically cover reported sexual activity in high school students and overall data on teen pregnancies and sexually transmitted

Therese B Orbea

2010-01-01

270

Sexual and aggressive motives in sexually aggressive college males  

Microsoft Academic Search

The relative contributions to sexual aggression of general sexual and aggressive motives and their respective inhibitory factors were compared. One hundred forty-three university males responded to self-report measures of sexual and aggressive drives, sex and hostility guilt, social desirability response bias, and history of coercive sexuality. With the effects of social desirability controlled, the only predictor of sexual aggression was

James F. Porter; Joseph W. Critelli; Catherine S. K. Tang

1992-01-01

271

Distributed Explicit Fair Cycle Detection (Set Based Approach)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The fair cycle detectiou problem is at the heart of both LTLand fair CTL model checking. This paper preseuts a new distributed scalablealgorithm for explicit fair cycle detection. Our method combines thesimplicity of the distributiou of explicitly preseuted data structure andthe features of symbolic algorithm allowing for an efficient parallelisa-tion. If a fair cycle (i.e. couuterexample) is detected, theu the

Ivana Cerná; Radek Pelánek

2003-01-01

272

The Ms. Stereotype Revisited: Implicit and Explicit Facets  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit and explicit stereotypes toward the title Ms. were examined. Participants read a short description of a target person whose title of address varied (Ms., Mrs., Miss, Mr.). They then rated the person on agentic and communal traits and completed an Implicit Association Test. Replicating earlier research (Dion, 1987), at an explicit level,…

Malcolmson, Kelly A.; Sinclair, Lisa

2007-01-01

273

Gender differences in implicit and explicit memory for affective passages  

Microsoft Academic Search

Thirty-two participants were administered 4 verbal tasks, an Implicit Affective Task, an Implicit Neutral Task, an Explicit Affective Task, and an Explicit Neutral Task. For the Implicit Tasks, participants were timed while reading passages aloud as quickly as possible, but not so quickly that they did not understand. A target verbal passage was repeated three times, and alternated with other

Leslie A. Burton; Laura Rabin; Susan Bernstein Vardy; Jonathan Frohlich; Gwinne Wyatt; Diana Dimitri; Shimon Constante; Elan Guterman

2004-01-01

274

Gender Differences in Implicit and Explicit Memory for Affective Passages  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Thirty-two participants were administered 4 verbal tasks, an Implicit Affective Task, an Implicit Neutral Task, an Explicit Affective Task, and an Explicit Neutral Task. For the Implicit Tasks, participants were timed while reading passages aloud as quickly as possible, but not so quickly that they did not understand. A target verbal passage was…

Burton, Leslie A.; Rabin, Laura; Vardy, Susan Bernstein.; Frohlich, Jonathan; Wyatt, Gwinne; Dimitri, Diana; Constante, Shimon; Guterman, Elan

2004-01-01

275

SIMPLE PROOFS OF CLASSICAL EXPLICIT RECIPROCITY LAWS ON CURVES USING  

E-print Network

SIMPLE PROOFS OF CLASSICAL EXPLICIT RECIPROCITY LAWS ON CURVES USING DETERMINANT GROUPOIDS OVER then use the theory to give a simple proof of a reciprocity law for the Contou-Carr#18;ere symbol. Finally, we explain how from the latter to recover various classi- cal explicit reciprocity laws

276

The impact of explicit instruction on foreign language learners’ performance  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study is an attempt to investigate whether explicit instruction will lead to language learners’ achievement in learning English as a foreign language. It was hypothesized that there is significant difference between explicit formal instruction and ultimate achievement in learning English as a foreign language.Thirty female learners of English at an intermediate level were randomly selected as the participants of

Massoud Rahimpour; Asghar Salimi

2010-01-01

277

SUBSEXPL: A Framework for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi  

E-print Network

SUBSEXPL: A Framework for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi A Tutorial Fl we present a framework, called SUBSEXPL, for simulating and comparing explicit substitutions calculi. This framework was developed in Ocaml, a language of the ML family, and it allows the manipulation of expressions

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

278

The Role of Explicit Instruction in ESL/EFL Reading.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examines the existing literature on implicit and explicit approaches to first language instruction at the word level, text level, and sentence level. Looks at the role of explicit instruction in reading English as a Second or Foreign Language (ESL/EFL), including its role at the word level in EFL reading in Taiwan. (Author/VWL)

Shen, Hwei-Jiun

2003-01-01

279

SUBSEXPL: A tool for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi  

E-print Network

SUBSEXPL: A tool for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi A Tutorial Flâ??avio L In this tutorial we present the system SUBSEXPL that is used for simulating and comparing explicit substitutions calculi. This framework was developed in Ocaml, a language of the ML family, and it allows

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

280

SUBSEXPL: A tool for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi  

E-print Network

SUBSEXPL: A tool for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi A Tutorial Fl´avio L present the system SUBSEXPL that is used for simulating and comparing explicit substitutions calculi. This framework was developed in Ocaml, a language of the ML family, and it allows the manipulation of expressions

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

281

SUBSEXPL: A Framework for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi  

E-print Network

SUBSEXPL: A Framework for Simulating and Comparing Explicit Substitutions Calculi A Tutorial Fl In this paper we present a framework, called SUBSEXPL, for simulating and comparing explicit substitutions calculi. This framework was developed in Ocaml, a language of the ML family, and it allows

Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio

282

EXPLICITLY CONSIDERING RELEVANCE WITHIN THE LANGUAGE MODELING FRAMEWORK  

E-print Network

EXPLICITLY CONSIDERING RELEVANCE WITHIN THE LANGUAGE MODELING FRAMEWORK Leif Azzopardi Department of the language modeling approach that explicitly defines relevance within the estimation of the query 1While, Probabilistic Language Models, Relevance Abstract: Whilst the event of relevance is central to the Binary

Roelleke, Thomas

283

Towards explicit rewrite rules in the -calculus Ronan Saillard  

E-print Network

Towards explicit rewrite rules in the -calculus modulo Ronan Saillard MINES ParisTech Fontainebleau modulo where the addition of rewrite rules is made explicit. The -calculus modulo is a variant expressiveness makes it suitable to serve as an output language for theorem provers, certi- fied development

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

284

"Make It Explicit!": Improving Collaboration through Increase of Script Coercion  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper investigates the impact of the proposed "Make It Explicit!" technique on students' learning when participating in scripted collaborative activities. The method posits that when asking students to proactively articulate their own positions explicitly, then improved peer interaction is triggered in a subsequent…

Papadopoulos, P. M.; Demetriadis, S. N.; Weinberger, A.

2013-01-01

285

Explicit boundary form factors: The scaling Lee-Yang model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We provide explicit expressions for boundary form factors in the boundary scaling Lee-Yang model for operators with the mildest ultraviolet behavior for all integrable boundary conditions. The form factors of the boundary stress tensor take a determinant form, while the form factors of the boundary primary field contain additional explicit polynomials.

Hollo, L.; Laczko, Z. B.; Bajnok, Z.

2014-09-01

286

Nonvolitional Sex and Sexual Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nonvolitional sex is sexual behavior that violates a person's right to choose when and with whom to have sex and what sexual behaviors to engage in. The more extreme forms of this behavior include rape, forced sex, childhood sexual abuse, sex trafficking, and violence against people with nonconventional sexual identities. More nuanced forms of nonvolitional sex include engaging in sexual

Debra Kalmuss

2004-01-01

287

The Evolution of Sexual Pleasure  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual pleasure is an innate component of human sexuality. Although disdained throughout history by religious groups and variably explained by theories, philosophers, and societies, sexual pleasure permeates human experience. Traditional evolutionists explain this preoccupation via the development of sexual mating strategies and the human desire to propagate one's genes; however, here I will argue that the saturation of sexual pleasure

Felicia De la Garza-Mercer

2007-01-01

288

Implicit and explicit memory in young, old, and demented adults.  

PubMed

Previous study of scopolamine and memory (Grober et al., 1989) showed that young adults given moderate or high doses of scopolamine maintained maximum cued recall in spite of a dose-dependent decrement in free recall when memory was assessed by cued selective reminding (CSR), a procedure which circumvents inattention and induces semantic processing. Intact recall by CSR indicates either that scopolamine impairs memory indirectly through effects on attention and information processing or that it impairs explicit memory but not implicit memory. In the present study which was done to determine if CSR reflects explicit or implicit memory, a free association test was used to estimate implicit memory after CSR was administered; explicit memory was estimated with a final trial of cued recall. Data from young, nondemented, and demented adults indicate that CSR reflects explicit memory supporting the interpretation of the previous study that scopolamine does not produce direct impairment of explicit memory. PMID:1572951

Grober, E; Gitlin, H L; Bang, S; Buschke, H

1992-03-01

289

A Curriculum for Teaching Human Sexuality to Mentally Impaired Adolescents.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presented is a developmentally sequenced curriculum designed for teaching human sexuality to mentally impaired adolescents. A brief objective is presented, teaching methods are listed, and materials needed are described (in terms of author, title, source, and price) for each of the following topic areas: vocabulary of sexuality; fact vs. myths;…

Rinckey, David Jason

290

Evolution and human sexuality.  

PubMed

The aim of this review is to put core features of human sexuality in an evolutionary light. Toward that end, I address five topics concerning the evolution of human sexuality. First, I address theoretical foundations, including recent critiques and developments. While much traces back to Darwin and his view of sexual selection, more recent work helps refine the theoretical bases to sex differences and life history allocations to mating effort. Second, I consider central models attempting to specify the phylogenetic details regarding how hominin sexuality might have changed, with most of those models honing in on transitions from a possible chimpanzee-like ancestor to the slightly polygynous and long-term bonded sociosexual partnerships observed among most recently studied hunter-gatherers. Third, I address recent genetic and physiological data contributing to a refined understanding of human sexuality. As examples, the availability of rapidly increasing genomic information aids comparative approaches to discern signals of selection in sexuality-related phenotypes, and neuroendocrine studies of human responses to sexual stimuli provide insight into homologous and derived mechanisms. Fourth, I consider some of the most recent, large, and rigorous studies of human sexuality. These provide insights into sexual behavior across other national samples and on the Internet. Fifth, I discuss the relevance of a life course perspective to understanding the evolution of human sexuality. Most research on the evolution of human sexuality focuses on young adults. Yet humans are sexual beings from gestation to death, albeit in different ways across the life course, and in ways that can be theoretically couched within life history theory. PMID:24151100

Gray, Peter B

2013-12-01

291

Sexual morality of Christianity.  

PubMed

After discussing the origin of religion, functions of religion, and the construction of meaning by religion, the author focuses on the connection between religion and anxiety. The permanent anxiety in religion is determined by guilt feelings that arise for example from the violation of norms in the area of sexuality. In a religion at enmity with sexuality, such as Christianity, the satisfaction of sexual desires is considered bad and sinful; the permanent production of anxiety and a guilty conscience are the result of it. Christian sexual suppression leads to the propagation of asceticism as the taming of corrupt sensuality that only religious virtuosi can maintain. One result of asceticism is celibacy, although passages from the Bible demand monogamy for bishops without prohibiting celibacy. In Catholicism, celibacy institutionalizes the enmity with sexuality and causes a permanent depreciation of real sexuality in favor of one projected onto the mother church and the Virgin Mary. A further consequence of asceticism is the reduction of sexuality to reproduction. In the section about the factual consequences of Christian sexual morality, the author connects sexual instinctual gratification with religious affiliation on the basis of an analysis of the sexual behavior of Germans. The weekly frequency rate of sexual intercourse amounts to 3.1 with male and female nondenominationals, 2.6 with Protestants, and 2.3 with Catholics; 39% of nondenominational men, 20% of Protestant men, and 12% of Catholic men in Germany use condoms. The connection of religion and aggression is empirically significant as well. The religiously most active men feel more inclined to use aggression to reach sexual goals than religiously indifferent ones. PMID:9611690

Runkel, G

1998-01-01

292

Preventing Sexually Transmitted Diseases  

PubMed Central

The discouraging results of early efforts to educate the public about sexually transmitted diseases indicated that the goals of STD preventive action must be longer term and must change attitudes and behaviour as well as educate. They must also avoid an ostrich mentality about the sexual involvement of young people. This article examines more recent approaches to teaching about sexuality in general and STD prevention in particular. PMID:21221351

Kieren, Dianne; Cumming, Ceinwen E.; Cumming, David C.

1992-01-01

293

Impaired Sexual Function  

Microsoft Academic Search

The incidence of impaired sexual function in adults with Parkinson’s disease (PD) is greater than in the general population.\\u000a Studies have examined different aspects of sexual function among adults with PD and their partners. Comparison groups have\\u000a included healthy adults matched for age and gender, as well as age-matched controls with chronic, non-neurological disease\\u000a with motor impairment. Impaired sexual function

Cheryl Waters; Janice Smolowitz

294

[Depressive symptoms and sexuality].  

PubMed

The mutually reinforcing dyad of depressive symptoms and erectile dysfunction is scientifically established. The cure of depression improves sexual dysfunction (SD) and the treatment of SD induces improvement of depression. Most of anti-depressants induce negative sexual side effects that lead to non-compliance of these treatments. The knowledge of interrelation between depression, anti-depressants and sexuality is of great importance in clinical practice. PMID:25148948

Porto, Robert

2014-10-01

295

[Sexuality and urological diseases].  

PubMed

Patients with lower urinary tract symptoms related to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) frequently suffer from sexual dysfunction (erectile dysfunction and ejaculatory dysfunction). Erectile dysfunction and premature ejaculation are two times more common in men with chronic pelvic pain/chronic prostatitis. All treatments of prostate cancer are responsible for sexual dysfunctions. Sexual disorders frequently appear during the management of infertile couples. Information and support should be offered to couples. Women with urinary incontinence also suffer frequently from coital incontinence. PMID:25201599

Droupy, Stéphane

2014-10-01

296

ORIGINAL PAPER Sexual Self-Schemas, Sexual Dysfunction, and the Sexual Responses  

E-print Network

with a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse Alessandra H. Rellini · Cindy M. Meston Received: 30 June 2009 / Revised to the mediating effects of sexual self-schemas on the sexual difficulties of women with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The following study adds to the extant literature by investigating (1) sexual

Meston, Cindy

297

Sexual Functioning among Married Iranian Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome  

PubMed Central

Background This study aimed to assess sexual functioning among women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in Iran. Materials and Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted to ascertain factors re- lated to sexual functioning in 300 PCOS patients attending to the private practice centers in Kashan, Isfahan Province, Iran, from May to October 2012. The Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) was used to measure sexual functioning. Moreover, the socio-demo-graphic details and clinical information of PCOS including obesity, hirsutism, acne, mestrual cycle disturbances, infertility and endocrine profile were recorded for each patient. Results Overall the prevalence of female sexual dysfunction (FSD) was 16.6%. In particular patients indicated poorer sexual functioning for the desire (48.3%) and the arousal (44.7%) subscales. Multiple logistic regression analysis suggested patients with lower educational level (OR: 2.94; 95% CI: 1.46-5.92) and irregular menstrual status (OR: 4.61; 95% CI: 1.93-11) were more likely to report sexual dysfunction. Conclusion The findings suggest that desire and arousal were the most prevalent sexual disorders reported in this patient population. In addition, findings suggested that women with limited or no formal education and a history of menstrual irregularities were the most likely to report female sexual dysfunction. Further investigations are needed to examine female sexual functioning among women with PCOS, to educate their health care providers, and to develop therapeutic interventions. PMID:25379156

Bazarganipour, Fatemeh; Ziaei, Saeideh; Montazeri, Ali; Foroozanfard, Fatemeh; Kazemnejad, Anoshirvan; Faghihzadeh, Soghrat

2014-01-01

298

Girls' Sexual Development in the Inner City: From Compelled Childhood Sexual Contact to Sex-for-Things Exchanges  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Child Sexual Abuse (CSA) has been linked to a wide variety of adverse psychological and behavioral outcomes. This paper describes girls' sexual development in the inner city based on qualitative material from a long-term ethnographic (observational) study. For many inner-city girls, early and then continued experiences of being compelled to have…

Dunlap, Eloise; Golub, Andrew; Johnson, Bruce D.

2003-01-01

299

About Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)  

MedlinePLUS

KidsHealth > Teens > Sexual Health > STDs & Other Infections > About Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Print A A A Text Size What's ... STDs Spread Preventing and Treating STDs More Information Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are infectious diseases that spread from person ...

300

Schemas, sexuality, and romantic attachment  

Microsoft Academic Search

One's self-views are powerful regulators of both cognitive processing and behavioral responding. Sexual self-schemas are cognitive generalizations about sexual aspects of the self. The bivariate sexual self-schema model, which posits independent effects of positive and negative components of women's sexual self-views, was tested. Three hundred eighteen female undergraduates completed anonymous questionnaires, including the Sexual Self-Schema Scale and assessments of sexual

Jill M. Cyranowski; Barbara L. Andersen

1998-01-01

301

Interaction of media, sexual activity and academic achievement in adolescents  

PubMed Central

Background Adolescence is a period when the individual is vulnerable and exposure to sexually implicit/explicit programs on television and internet can influence their sexual behaviour and make them more permissive towards premarital sex, which is known to influence their academic performance. This can be modified by parental discussion on these matters with their children. There have been only few studies from India that have explored such issues therefore this study aimed to explore the impact of television, internet and parental discussion on sexual activity and academic performance. Methods This study was conducted in two co-education schools using a self reporting questionnaire administered to students of class IX–XII. This study evaluated the relation of academic performance, exposure to media such as television & internet to sexual activity & academic performance of the students and the role of parental discussion on these. Results The study sample size was 586. There is no significant association between the number of hours of watching television per day and academic performance as measured by marks in examinations. Significant positive association was found among boys between sexual contact and average score in academics & unsupervised use of internet. In both genders a significant positive association was found between those watching English serials, movies and increased chances of indulging in sexual activity while a negative relation with those watching Cartoons. There is no significant difference in occurrence of sexual contact in those who discussed sexual matters with parents and those who did not. Conclusion This being first of it's kind of study from India and a cross sectional study, further prospective and detailed studies are warranted to delineate the interaction of media, parental discussion, academic performance and sexual activity. PMID:24600087

Shashi Kumar, R.; Das, R.C.; Prabhu, H.R.A.; Bhat, P.S.; Prakash, Jyoti; Seema, P.; Basannar, D.R.

2012-01-01

302

Bridging implicit and explicit solvent approaches for membrane electrostatics.  

PubMed Central

Conformations of a zwitterionic bilayer were sampled from a molecular dynamics simulation and their electrostatic properties analyzed by solution of the Poisson equation. These traditionally implicit electrostatic calculations were performed in the presence of varying amounts of explicit solvent to assess the magnitude of error introduced by a uniform dielectric description of water surrounding the bilayer. It was observed that membrane dipole potential calculations in the presence of explicit water were significantly different than wholly implicit solvent calculations with the calculated dipole potential converging to a reasonable value when four or more hydration layers were included explicitly. PMID:12202363

Lin, Jung-Hsin; Baker, Nathan A; McCammon, J Andrew

2002-01-01

303

Sexual Priming, Gender Stereotyping, and Likelihood to Sexually Harass: Examining the Cognitive Effects of Playing a Sexually-Explicit Video Game  

E-print Network

Sex in video games. Boston, Mass. : Charles River Media.Video game characters and the socialization of gender roles: Young people's perceptions mirror sexist mediasituations. Keywords Media sex . Video game . Priming .

Yao, Mike Z.; Mahood, Chad; Linz, Daniel

2010-01-01

304

A holistic approach to psychological sexual problems in women with diabetic husbands  

PubMed Central

Background: One of negative and influential factor to chronic diseases is creation of sexual problems in the couple's sexual relationship. Sexual health is one of the most important factor in Sexual and marital satisfaction. Objective: This study aims to compare the relationship between couple burnout, sexual assertiveness, and sexual dysfunctional beliefs in women with diabetic and non-diabetic husbands. Materials and Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was a causal comparative one. The research plan was derived from the master’s dissertation for family counseling in Shahid Beheshti University which was done during 2011-2012 in Tehran, Iran. Totally 200 participants were included in this study; 100 participants were women with diabetic husbands and the others were women with non-diabetic husbands. These participants were selected by purposeful sampling method. Data were collected using personality traits and demographic characteristics’ questionnaire, couple burnout Measure, Hulbert index of sexual assertiveness and sexual dysfunctional beliefs Questionnaire. Results: Results of the multi-variable analysis of variance indicated that there was a significant difference between couple burnout, sexual assertiveness, and sexual dysfunctional beliefs in women with diabetic and non-diabetic husbands. Women with non-diabetic husbands had a higher mean score in sexual assertiveness factor compared to women with diabetic husbands, whereas in couple burnout and sexual dysfunctional beliefs factors, women with diabetic husbands had a higher mean score. Conclusion: It seems that one of the most important factors which influences and increases couple burnout, increases wrong sexual beliefs regarding sexual function, and decreases sexual assertiveness in women is their husbands’ sexual dysfunction. In fact, women whose husbands suffer from chronic diseases such as diabetes (which results in sexual dysfunction) have lower sexual assertiveness and higher couple burnout and sexual dysfunctional beliefs compared with other women. This article is extracted from student thesis. (Edalat Asadi) PMID:24799877

Khodabakhshi Koolaee, Anahita; Asadi, Edalat; Mansoor, Ladan; Mosalanejad, Leili; FathAbadi, Ali

2014-01-01

305

Sexual Harassment in Schools.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Students and employees are legally protected against sexual harassment, regardless of the perpetrator's age or status. Although caution is needed when responding to complaints, school leaders should avoid making backroom deals with staff members accused of molestation or improper sexual conduct. All school community members need information and…

Stein, Nan D.

1993-01-01

306

Sexual Orientation (For Parents)  

MedlinePLUS

... Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC A Parent's Guide to Surviving the Teen Years Understanding Early Sexual Development STDs Questions and Answers About Sex Teaching Your Child Tolerance Transgender People Am I in a Healthy Relationship? Transgender People Love and Romance Sexual Attraction and ...

307

Sexual dimorphism in animals  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Many animals show sexual dimorphism, or differences between the males and females of that species. These are mostly physical differences, but other differences like songs in male and female birds can also be thought of as sexual dimorphism. Generally, males are more decorated and larger than females, but there are several species of animals in which the females are larger than the males.

Olivia Worland (Purdue University;Biological Sciences)

2008-05-23

308

Sexual Addiction: Diagnostic Problems  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In recent years clinicians report a great deal of concern about definition, diagnostic assessment, and treatment modalities when dealing with what might be called out-of-control sexual behavior. Many terms have been used to describe the phenomenon of problematic sexual behavior. Many of these concepts overlap, some are no longer popular, and some…

Giugliano, John R.

2009-01-01

309

Sexual Harassment Protocol.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This document spells out policy regarding sexual harassment in the Connecticut vocational-technical school system that was developed by the Connecticut State Department of Education, the Connecticut Division of Vocational, Technical, and Adult Education, and the Connecticut Women's Education and Legal Fund, Inc. The introduction calls sexual…

Connecticut Women's Education and Legal Fund, Hartford.

310

Sexing Geography, Teaching Sexualities.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Draws on experiences as a straight feminist geographer to address questions regarding teaching sexualities in geography. Looks at "sexing" and "queering" geography curricula at the college level; discusses strategies to make universities and classrooms less heterosexist and lesbo/homophobic; and discusses dilemmas of disclosing sexuality in the…

England, Kim

1999-01-01

311

Taking Sexual Harassment Seriously.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous "School Law" columns discussed developments under Title IX (Educational Amendments of 1970), noting a trend among federal courts to apply Title IX's prohibition against sexual harassment to peer and employee-to-student sexual harassment. A recent Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals decision against the Santa Rosa City School District…

Dowling-Sendor, Benjamin

1998-01-01

312

Sexual Harassment in Nursing.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual harassment in the workplace, specifically in nursing, is discussed. The impact of sexual harassment, characteristics of those commonly involved, the need for changing attitudes of men and women in the workplace, the factor of power in relationships, and ways to avoid legal suits are all examined. (CT)

Duldt, Bonnie W.

1982-01-01

313

The Sexual Genogram.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The sexual genogram combines aspects of the sex history with the genogram/family journey to examine the impact of the partners' family loyalties, secrets, and "scripts" on their sexual functioning. The exploration process offers an opportunity for major change to occur. Technique for this method is discussed, along with relevant case…

Hof, Larry; Berman, Ellen

1986-01-01

314

Female Sexuality: An Enigma.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Describes constructions of sexuality that have occurred within social context in which language, culture, and behavior interact to reinforce male power. Against backdrop of these patriarchal examples of female sexual expression and experience, discusses difficulties of female clients. Addresses critical counseling concerns in terms of contextual…

Daniluk, Judith

1991-01-01

315

Men and Sexual Trauma  

MedlinePLUS

... Adult male survivors of childhood sexual abuse. Counseling Psychology Quarterly, 8, 233-241. Garnefski, N., & Diekstra, R. F. W. (1997). Child sexual abuse and emotional and behavioral problems in adolescence: Gender differences. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 36, ...

316

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs)  

MedlinePLUS

... JavaScript on. Read more information on enabling JavaScript. Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Top Banner Content Area Skip Content Marketing ... of Two Herpes Viruses —Jan. 5, 2012 All Sexually Transmitted Diseases News Releases News From NIAID-Supported Institutions Last ...

317

Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system  

E-print Network

positive and avoid negative outcomes. Neuro-anatomically and functionally distinct memory, learning)]: Background: Genetic variation in dopamine and serotonergic systems mediate reward and punishment processing show enhanced implicit system punishment processing. 2) COMT Met carriers show enhanced explicit system

Maddox, W. Todd

318

SIMPLE PROOFS OF CLASSICAL EXPLICIT RECIPROCITY LAWS ON CURVES USING  

E-print Network

SIMPLE PROOFS OF CLASSICAL EXPLICIT RECIPROCITY LAWS ON CURVES USING. We then use the theory to give a simple proof of a reciprocity law for the Contou reciprocity laws on nonsingular complete curves over an algebraically closed field, namely sum

319

Implicit and explicit learning in individuals with agrammatic aphasia.  

PubMed

Implicit learning is a process of acquiring knowledge that occurs without conscious awareness of learning, whereas explicit learning involves the use of overt strategies. To date, research related to implicit learning following stroke has been largely restricted to the motor domain and has rarely addressed implications for language. The present study investigated implicit and explicit learning of an auditory word sequence in 10 individuals with stroke-induced agrammatic aphasia and 18 healthy age-matched participants using an adaptation of the Serial Reaction Time task. Individuals with aphasia showed significant learning under implicit, but not explicit, conditions, whereas age-matched participants learned under both conditions. These results suggest significant implicit learning ability in agrammatic aphasia. Furthermore, results of an auditory sentence span task indicated working memory deficits in individuals with agrammatic aphasia, which are discussed in relation to explicit and implicit learning processes. PMID:23532578

Schuchard, Julia; Thompson, Cynthia K

2014-06-01

320

Explicit Toric Metric on Resolved Calabi-Yau Cone  

E-print Network

We present an explicit non-singular complete toric Calabi-Yau metric using the local solution recently found by Chen, Lu and Pope. This metric gives a new supergravity solution representing D3-branes.

Takeshi Oota; Yukinori Yasui

2006-05-12

321

Sexual Desire Disorders  

PubMed Central

Hypoactive sexual desire disorder (HSDD) and sexual aversion disorder (SAD) are an under-diagnosed group of disorders that affect men and women. Despite their prevalence, these two disorders are often not addressed by healthcare providers and patients due their private and awkward nature. As physicians, we need to move beyond our own unease in order to adequately address our patients’ sexual problems and implement appropriate treatment. Using the Sexual Response Cycle as the model of the physiological changes of humans during sexual stimulation and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition this article will review the current literature on the desire disorders focusing on prevalence, etiology, and treatment. PMID:19727285

Montgomery, Keith A.

2008-01-01

322

From explicit to implicit learning in ACL injury prevention?  

Microsoft Academic Search

BackgroundDespite reported early successes, anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury rates have not diminished. Currently explicit learning strategies are mainly used for prevention. However, this may be unsuitable for the control of complex motor skills.ObjectiveThe purpose was to investigate explicit and implicit learning while keeping balance on a 4 mm narrow ridge. Results can contribute to the development of ACL injury

A Benjaminse; M Bisschop; P Schoenmakers; E Otten

2011-01-01

323

A general explicit solution of the central overlap problem  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

The matrix of the normal equations of a central overlapping-plate solution with general models for frame parameters and the star parameters is inverted explicitly in terms of the inverses of the matrices in the isolated systems for the frame and star parameters. This makes it possible to calculate from explicit formulas the numerical estimates of the star and frame parameters which would follow from a rigorous overlapping-plate solution. Also, the covariance matrix of the adjustment parameters are calculated.

Eichhorn, Heinrich

1988-01-01

324

Teaching Sexual Identity Issues in ESL Classes.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This paper discusses the importance of teaching issues related to sexual identity in English-as-a-Second-Language (ESL) classrooms, highlighting lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgendered (LGBT) individuals. Though the paper focuses on postsecondary students, much of the material can apply to other settings with modification. The paper looks at the…

Vandrick, Stephanie

325

The sexual significance of the axillae.  

PubMed

The present paper will review the existing material on the relationships between the axillae and sexuality, present examples of the relationship from clinical practice, everyday life, art, anthropology, mythology, and literature, and consider the relevant human and primate physiological knowledge. PMID:1105619

Brody, B

1975-08-01

326

Sexual Identity Development Among Ethnic Sexual-Minority Male Youths  

Microsoft Academic Search

The current research explores how ethnicity influences sexual identity development. Among 139 sexual-minority male youths, measures of sexual identity development assessed the timing and sequencing of developmental milestones, disclosure of sexual identity to others, internalized homophobia, and same- and opposite-sex relationship histories. Findings demonstrated that participants, regardless of ethnicity, experienced most identity milestones at developmentally appropriate ages, had moderately low

Eric M. Dubé; Ritch C. Savin-Williams

1999-01-01

327

Understanding differences in sexting behaviors across gender, relationship status, and sexual identity, and the role of expectancies in sexting.  

PubMed

Sexting, or the exchange of sexually explicit material via Internet social-networking site or mobile phone, is an increasingly prevalent behavior. The study sought to (1) identify expectancies regarding sexting behaviors, (2) examine how demographics (i.e., gender, sexual identity, relationship status) might be differentially related to sexting expectancies and behaviors, and (3) examine whether these concurrent relationships are consistent with a theoretical causal model in which sexting expectancies influence sexting behaviors. The sample consisted of 278 undergraduate students (mean age=21.0 years, SD=4.56; 53.8% female; 76.3% caucasian). Factor analyses supported the validity and reliability of the Sextpectancies Measure (?=0.85-0.93 across subscales) and indicated two expectancy domains each for both sending and receiving sexts: positive expectancies (sexual-related and affect-related) and negative expectancies. Males reported stronger positive expectancies (F=4.64, p=0.03) while females reported stronger negative expectancies (F=6.11, p=0.01) about receiving sexts. There were also differences across relationship status regarding negative expectancies (F=2.25, p=0.05 for sending; F=4.24, p=0.002 for receiving). There were also significant effects of positive (F=45.98, p<0.001 for sending, F=22.42, p<0.001 for receiving) and negative expectancies (F=36.65, p=0.02 sending, F=14.41, p<0.001 receiving) on sexting behaviors (?(2) from 0.04-0.13). College students reported both positive and negative sextpectancies, although sextpectancies and sexting varied significantly across gender, race, sexual identity, and relationship status. Concurrent relationships were consistent with the causal model of sextpectancies influencing sexting behaviors, and this study serves as the first test of this model, which could inform future prevention strategies to mitigate sexting risks. PMID:23675996

Dir, Allyson L; Coskunpinar, Ayca; Steiner, Jennifer L; Cyders, Melissa A

2013-08-01

328

Sexual Selection and Diversification: Reexamining the Correlation between Dichromatism and Speciation Rate in Birds.  

PubMed

Abstract Theory predicts that sexual selection can serve as an important driver of speciation, but phylogenetic comparative analyses have failed to demonstrate a consistent effect of sexual selection on species richness at macroevolutionary scales. Sexual dichromatism in birds is an example of a phenotypic trait that is hypothesized to reflect the intensity of sexual selection, yet previous studies have reached ambiguous conclusions regarding its role in promoting species diversification. Here, we revisit this problem by pairing published spectrophotometer estimates of plumage dichromatism in the bird-visible range with a newly developed method for modeling speciation rates on phylogenetic trees that explicitly accounts for diversification rate variation through time and among clades. We find little evidence linking dichromatism to speciation across birds, using several measures of dichromatism and macroevolutionary diversification. These results suggest that sexual dichromatism plays a limited role in determining speciation rates at macroevolutionary scales in birds. PMID:25325752

Huang, Huateng; Rabosky, Daniel L

2014-11-01

329

What is sexual addiction?  

PubMed

Married men labeled as sexual addicts seek help after being discovered to have had broken monogamy rules for sexual behavior through their use of masturbation, pornography, cybersex, commercial sex involvement, paraphilic pursuits, or affairs. This study analyzed the sexual patterns and dynamics of 30 men who presented to 1 clinician between 2005 and 2009. Their important differences were captured by a 6-category spectrum: (a) no sexual excess beyond breaking the spouse's restrictive rules (n = 2), (b) discovery of husband's longstanding sexual secrets (n = 5), (c) new discovery of the joys of commercial sex (n = 4), (d) the bizarre or paraphilic (n = 7), (e) alternate concept of normal masculinity (n = 5), and (f) spiraling psychological deterioration (n = 7). Only the men with a spiraling psychological deterioration-about 25% of the sample with sexual issues-could reasonably be described as having a sexual addiction. This group experienced significant psychological failures before the onset of their deterioration. Another 25% were adequately defined as paraphilic. Half of the sample was not adequately described using addiction, compulsivity, impulsivity, and relationship incapacity models. The authors discuss the implications of these findings for DSM-5 and treatment. PMID:20432125

Levine, Stephen B

2010-01-01

330

Sexual assault in postmenopausal women  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual assault is a crime of violence affecting modern American society. Victims of sexual assault tend to be women from a broad cross-section of social, economic, ethnic, and age groups. The postmenopausal woman is not immune from sexual assault and is increasingly a victim. The author presents the topic of sexual assault within the general framework of the physician's role

Susan M. Ramin

1997-01-01

331

Human Sexuality: Responsible Life Choices.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book provides a complete course in human sexuality. It can also be used to supplement a family living course. Text content provides current information for teaching high school students about sexuality issues. The text offers basic information on growth and development, sexual development, pregnancy, and birth. It explains the sexual decision…

Ryder, Verdene; Smith, Peggy B.

332

Sexual Rights: Striking a Balance  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual rights, the first of the eight Montreal Declarations adopted by the World Association for Sexual Health (WAS), are grounded within existing international human rights treaties, covenants and conventions and contribute to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (United Nations, 2005). Despite their apparent contribution to sexual health, sexual rights are particularly contentious, challenged both by nations that do not share

Eleanor Maticka-Tyndale; Lisa Smylie

2008-01-01

333

Research in Human Sexuality Education  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Medical students' attitudes towards concepts in sexuality before and after a five-day sexuality course were tested at the University of Miami School of Medicine and evaluated with Osgood's Semantic Differential. Concepts rated were "my sexuality,""masturbation,""homosexuality," and "my role in understanding sexual problems." (LBH)

Carmichael, Joan; And Others

1977-01-01

334

Female gratification, sexual power and safer sex: female sexuality as an empowering resource among women in Rwanda.  

PubMed

The gender-based response to HIV in sub-Saharan Africa has tended to reinforce normative stereotypes of women as subordinated, passive and powerless victims, in particular in sexual relations. However, based on qualitative data from Rwanda, this paper argues that such conceptualisations fail to recognise that while women do comply with prevalent social norms, they also challenge these norms and sex becomes a domain in which they can exert power. Female sexuality and sexual gratification - acknowledged and valued by women as well as men - play a pivotal role in the Rwandese mode of sexual intercourse. This provides women a central position in sexual relations, which affords them sexual power. Recognising their sexuality as a resource and drawing upon this 'sexual capital', women are active social agents who have the capacity to manipulate and challenge male dominance in a deliberate strategy both to practice safer sex and to access decision-making power and material resources. This suggests that inherent in sexual relations is a potential for the empowerment of women and the transformation of gender relations. PMID:23895629

Skafte, Ina; Silberschmidt, Margrethe

2014-01-01

335

Gender relations and sexual communication among female students in the Mekong River Delta of Vietnam  

Microsoft Academic Search

Young women's ability to pursue a safer-sex life in line with their wishes is crucial to their sexual health. Although some previous observations have suggested that young women's lack of ability to negotiate safer sex is due to gender power imbalances in the culture of Vietnam, studies that have tested this hypothesis explicitly and quantitatively are few and far between.

Thanh Cong Bui; Pamela M. Diamond; Christine Markham; Michael W. Ross; Thanh-An Nguyen-Le; Ly Hai Thi Tran

2010-01-01

336

Queering the Ethical School: A Model for Sexual Orientation Education at a Religiously-Affiliated Institution.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The Rainbow Visibility Project has the primary goal of raising awareness to sexual orientation as a diversity issue at the University of San Diego (USD) (California), a Roman Catholic liberal arts university. It was designed to be consistent with other efforts supporting the cultural competence at the university, whose mission statement explicitly…

Getz, Cheryl; Kirkley, Evelyn A.

337

Number of sexual partners and sexual assertiveness predict sexual victimization: do more partners equal more risk?  

PubMed

In previous studies, number of sexual partners and sexual assertiveness were examined as independent risk factors for sexual victimization among college women. Using a sample of 335 college women, this study examined the interaction of number of sexual partners and sexual assertiveness on verbal sexual coercion and rape. Approximately 32% of the sample reported unwanted sexual intercourse, 6.9% (n = 23) experienced verbal sexual coercion, 17.9% (n = 60) experienced rape, and 7.2% (n = 24) experienced both. As number of sexual partners increased, instances of verbal sexual coercion increased for women low in relational sexual assertiveness but not for women high in relational sexual assertiveness. A similar relationship was not found for rape. Among women who experienced both verbal sexual coercion and rape, increases in number of partners in the context of low refusal and relational assertiveness were associated with increases in verbal sexual coercion and rape. Findings suggest sexual assertiveness is related to fewer experiences of sexual coercion. PMID:22288095

Walker, Dave P; Messman-Moore, Terri L; Ward, Rose Marie

2011-01-01

338

Sexual Behavior, Sexual Knowledge, and Sexual Attitudes of Emerging Adult Women: Implications for Working with Families  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this study was twofold: first, to examine the sexual behavior of emerging adult women in relation to their sexual knowledge, sexual attitudes, and perceptions of their parents' sexual attitudes; and second, to discuss the implications of this research in working with young adult women. Three hundred and sixty-four college-age women…

Byno, Lucy H.; Mullis, Ronald L.; Mullis, Ann K.

2009-01-01

339

ORIGINAL PAPER Sexual Self-Schemas, Sexual Dysfunction, and the Sexual Responses  

E-print Network

with a History of Childhood Sexual Abuse Alessandra H. Rellini · Cindy M. Meston Received: 30 June 2009 / Revised access at Springerlink.com Abstract Accumulating evidence points to the mediating effects of sexual self-schemas on the sexual difficulties of women with a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA). The following study adds

Meston, Cindy

340

Detective magazines: pornography for the sexual sadist?  

PubMed

The origins of detective magazines can be traced to 17th and 18th century crime pamphlets and to 19th century periodicals that Lombroso called "really criminal newspapers." Content analysis of current detective magazines shows that their covers juxtapose erotic images with images of violence, bondage, and domination; that their articles provide lurid descriptions of murder, rape, and torture; and that they publish advertisements for weapons, burglary and car theft tools, false identification, and sexual aids. Six case histories of sexual sadists illustrate the use of these magazines as a source of fantasy material. We postulate that detective magazines may contribute to the development of sexual sadism, facilitate sadistic fantasies, and serve as training manuals and equipment catalogs for criminals. We recommend that detective magazines be considered during policy debates about media violence and pornography. PMID:3511174

Dietz, P E; Harry, B; Hazelwood, R R

1986-01-01

341

Theories of Sexual Orientation.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Results indicated homosexuals, heterosexuals, and bisexuals did not differ within each sex on measures of masculinity and femininity. Strong support was obtained for the hypothesis that sexual orientation relates primarily to erotic fantasy orientation. (Author/DB)

Storms, Michael D.

1980-01-01

342

Child Sexual Abuse  

MedlinePLUS

... the child will develop serious problems as an adult. For additional information see Facts for Families : #4 The Depressed Child #5 Child Abuse #10 Teen Suicide #28 Responding to Child Sexual Abuse #62 Talking ...

343

Evolutionary biology Sexual ornamentation  

E-print Network

range of bacterial species [10]. Sperm protection via antibacterial substances would maintain maleEvolutionary biology Sexual ornamentation reflects antibacterial activity of ejaculates in mallards the antibacterial activity of semen from mallard ducks (Anas platyrhynchos) and tested whether the bactericidal

Richner, Heinz

344

Meiosis and Sexual Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This lesson describes how meiosis makes sexual reproduction possible. Specifically, meiosis produces haploid cells and allows for genetic variation. Key terms in this lesson are hyperlinked so students can easily find definitions to new words.

345

Sexuality After Breast Cancer  

MedlinePLUS

... breast cancer treatment Emotional aspects of breast cancer Body image after breast cancer treatment Sexuality after breast cancer ... treatment for breast cancer stops working Previous Topic Body image after breast cancer treatment Next Topic Pregnancy after ...

346

Sexual Dysfunction and Infertility  

MedlinePLUS

... common type of sexual problem in men is erectile dysfunction, which is when your penis does not become or stay firm. Many medical conditions can cause erectile dysfunction: high blood pressure, diabetes, blood vessel diseases, surgery ...

347

Sexuality and Dementia  

MedlinePLUS

... A + A You are here Home Sexuality and Dementia Printer-friendly version Coping with Changes in Your ... said Jerry, who cared for his wife with dementia. At a recent conference of the Caregiver Resource ...

348

Sexual Problems in Men  

MedlinePLUS

Many men have sexual problems. They become more common as men age. Problems can include Erectile dysfunction Reduced or lost interest in sex Problems with ejaculation Low testosterone Stress, illness, medicines, or emotional problems may also ...

349

Sexual Health and Reproduction  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This activity provides questions and Web sites to guide student investigation of birth control methods, fetal development, risks of alcohol and smoking during pregnancy, changes during puberty, and HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Waldron, Ingrid

350

Sexuality and Down Syndrome  

MedlinePLUS

... to decision-making, cultural norms, peer pressures, relationships, social skills and opportunities. Positioning sexuality within the context of community life requires the development of personal values and adult responsibilities. An ideal curriculum will ensure that individuals with ...

351

Am I Sexually Normal?  

MedlinePLUS

... The problem with these familiar sources of sexual education is that comparisons can sometimes lead to feelings of inadequacy, even if you are otherwise satisfied with your sex life. You start to wonder if you are ...

352

Sexual abuse and sexual risk behaviors of minority women with sexually transmitted diseases.  

PubMed

The relationship between sexual abuse and sexually transmitted disease (STD) represents an important and underinvestigated context of domestic violence. This study examined the association between sexual abuse, sexual risk behaviors, and risk for reinfection and HIV among minority women with STD. Mexican American and African American women (n = 617) with active STD entered a randomized study of behavioral intervention to reduce STD recurrence. Each underwent questioning at entry regarding sexual abuse and sexual risk behaviors. Comparisons of these behaviors using chi-square, t tests, and logistic regression were made by history of sexual abuse. Sexually abused women were more likely to have lower incomes, earlier coitus, STD history, currently abusive partners, new sex partners, anal sex, and bleeding with sex, placing them at increased risk for STD reinfection and HIV. Due to this association with sexual risk behavior, assessment for sexual abuse is essential in programs focusing on STD/HIV prevention. PMID:11291429

Champion, J D; Shain, R N; Piper, J; Perdue, S T

2001-04-01

353

Multidimensional characterization of sexual minority adolescents' sexual safety strategies.  

PubMed

Young adults have high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexual minority youths' risk for STIs, including HIV, is as high as or higher than sexual majority peers'. Sexual safety, while often treated as a single behavior such as condom use, can be best conceptualized as the result of multiple factors. We used latent class analysis to identify profiles based on ever-used sexual safety strategies and lifetime number of partners among 425 self-identified LGBTQ youth aged 14-19. Data collection took place anonymously online. We identified four specific subgroup profiles for males and three for females, with each subgroup representing a different level and type of sexual safety. Profiles differed from each other in terms of age and outness for males, and in outness, personal homonegativity, and amount of education received about sexual/romantic relationships for females. Youths' sexual safety profiles have practice implications for sexuality educators, health care professionals, and parents. PMID:24011111

Masters, N Tatiana; Beadnell, Blair; Morrison, Diane M; Hoppe, Marilyn J; Wells, Elizabeth A

2013-10-01

354

Multidimensional Characterization of Sexual Minority Adolescents' Sexual Safety Strategies  

PubMed Central

Young adults have high rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Sexual minority youths’ risk for STIs, including HIV, is as high as or higher than sexual majority peers’. Sexual safety, while often treated as a single behavior such as condom use, can be best conceptualized as the result of multiple factors. We used latent class analysis to identify profiles based on ever-used sexual safety strategies and lifetime number of partners among 425 self-identified LGBTQ youth aged 14-19. Data collection took place anonymously online. We identified four specific subgroup profiles for males and three for females, with each subgroup representing a different level and type of sexual safety. Profiles differed from each other in terms of age and outness for males, and in outness, personal homonegativity, and amount of education received about sexual/romantic relationships for females. Youths’ sexual safety profiles have practice implications for sexuality educators, health care professionals, and parents. PMID:24011111

Masters, N. Tatiana; Beadnell, Blair; Morrison, Diane M.; Hoppe, Marilyn J.; Wells, Elizabeth A.

2013-01-01

355

Hydatidiform mole resulting from sexual violence  

PubMed Central

Background Hydatidiform mole (HM) is characterized by abnormal proliferation of human trophoblast with producers functioning tissues of human chorionic gonadotropin. It can evolve with ovarian cysts tecaluteínicos, hypertension of pregnancy or hyperthyroidism. The incidence of HM is variable and its etiology poorly known, associated with nutritional factors, environmental, age, parity, history of HM, oral contraceptives, smoking, consanguinity or defects in germ cells. There is no reference in literature on HM resulting from sexual violence, objective of this report. Method Description of two cases of HM among 1146 patients with pregnancy resulting from sexual violence treated at Hospital Pérola Byington, São Paulo, from July 1994 to August 2011. Results The cases affected young, white, unmarried, low educated and low parity women. Sexual violence was perpetrated by known offenders unrelated to the victims, under death threat. Ultrasound and CT of the pelvis showed bulky uterus compatible with HM without myometrial invasion. One case was associated with theca lutein cysts. The two cases were diagnosed in the second trimester of pregnancy and evolved with hyperthyroidism. There was no hypertension, disease recurrence, metastasis or sexually transmitted infection. Conclusion The incidence of HM was 1:573 pregnancies resulting from rape, within the range estimated for Latin American countries. Trophoblastic material can be preserved to identify the violence perpetrator, considering only the paternal HM chromosomes. History of sexual violence should be investigated in cases of HM in the first half of adolescence and women in a vulnerable condition. PMID:22353179

2012-01-01

356

After breast cancer: sexual functioning of sexual minority survivors.  

PubMed

Research on sexual difficulties after cancer has neglected sexual minority women (SMW); for example, lesbian and bisexual women. Clinicians treating these women are therefore at a disadvantage as they lack information about sexual problems in this population. This study tested the hypothesis that SMW with breast cancer have poorer sexual function than SMW without breast cancer, distinguishing partnered from unpartnered women. Using convenience sample recruitment, we conducted a case-control study to compare survivors of breast cancers who are SMW, in other words, cases to controls, that is, SMW without cancer. Anonymous survey data were collected from 85 cases after they had completed active cancer treatment and 85 age- and partner-status matched controls with no history of any cancer. Participants' self-reported sexual frequency and sexual function measured by the Female Sexual Function Index were evaluated. Cases and controls did not differ in risk of sexual dysfunction or the level of overall sexual functioning; however, cases had lower sexual frequency and scored lower on desire and ability to reach orgasm, and higher on pain compared to controls. Results inform clinicians about sexual minority survivors' sexual domains affected by cancer. When discussing sexual problems and therapeutic options, sexual orientation should be ascertained. PMID:23730713

Boehmer, Ulrike; Ozonoff, Al; Timm, Alison; Winter, Michael; Potter, Jennifer

2014-01-01

357

Gender and Sexual Risk  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two hypotheses are evaluated in thisinvestigation of gender differences in the attitudinaland behavioral correlates of sexual risk. The“difference in magnitude” hypothesispredicts that the same factors are implicated for women and men butdifferences occur in the strength of correlates.Alternatively, women may engage in sexual risk fordifferent reasons than do men, leading to a“difference in pattern” hypothesis. We compared these possibilitieswith a

Nancy J. Bell; Keri K. O'Neal; Du Feng; Carol J. Schoenrock

1999-01-01

358

Sexual Dysfunction Following Vulvectomy  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective. This is a pilot study to evaluate sexual dysfunction in women after vulvectomy.Methods. An 88-question survey was used to assess body image and the DSM IV criteria for sexual dysfunction on women who had undergone vulvectomy.Results. Forty-seven women agreed to participate in the study and 41 women (87%) returned the survey. There was a significant alteration of body image

Michael S. Green; R. Wendel Naumann; Mollie Elliot; James B. Hall; Robert V. Higgins; Jared H. Grigsby

2000-01-01

359

Factors Mediating the Effects of Childhood Sexual Abuse on Risky Sexual Behavior Among College Women  

Microsoft Academic Search

We surveyed 157 college women regarding sexual abuse, age at first intercourse, reactions to first intercourse, sexual attitudes, and sexual risk behavior outcomes to clarify the relationship between early sexual experiences and risky sexual behavior. Women who had been sexually abused in childhood reported greater numbers of lifetime sexual partners. This relationship was partially explained by adolescent\\/adult sexual abuse, age

Mary E. Randolph; Katie E. Mosack

2006-01-01

360

Control processes in voluntary and explicitly cued task switching.  

PubMed

Explicitly cued task switching slows performance relative to performing the same task on consecutive trials. This effect appears to be due partly to more efficient encoding of the task cue when the same cue is used on consecutive trials and partly to an additional task-switching process. These components were examined by comparing explicitly cued and voluntary task switching groups, with external cues presented to both groups. Cue-switch effects varied in predictable ways to dissociate explicitly cued and voluntary task switching, whereas task-switch effects had similar characteristics for both instructional groups. The data were well fitted by a mathematical model of task switching that included a cue-encoding mechanism (whereby cue repetition improves performance) and an additional process that was invoked on task-switch trials. Analyses of response-time distributions suggest that this additional process involves task-set reconfiguration that may or may not be engaged before the target stimulus is presented. PMID:24443883

Masson, Michael E J; Carruthers, Sarah

2014-10-01

361

The Sexual Domain of Identity: Sexual Statuses of Identity in Relation to Psychosocial Sexual Health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Sexual identity has been substantially underinvestigated relative to other aspects of identity. The purpose of this study was to document the relationship between sexual psychosocial maturity, positive sexual self-concepts, and effective sexual decision-making\\/coping styles with the identity processes that college students choose to use in defining their sexual self. Participants in the study were 275 undergraduate male and female students

Sally L. Archer; Jeremy A. Grey

2009-01-01

362

Everyday Victimization of Adolescent Girls by Boys: Sexual Harassment, Bullying or Aggression?  

Microsoft Academic Search

School-based sexual harassment of adolescent girls by boys appears commonplace, yet aggression and bullying studies rarely\\u000a yield sexualized material. This qualitative Australian study with 72 14- to 15-year-olds and 7 teachers aimed to discover\\u000a whether interviewer use of neutral language in gender-segregated focus groups and interviews would yield material indicating\\u000a that the victimization of girls by boys is sexualized. Verbal

Rosalyn Shute; Larry Owens; Phillip Slee

2008-01-01

363

Validation of Sexual Functioning Questionnaire in Indian Patients  

PubMed Central

Objective: To establish norms for sexual functioning questionnaire (SFQ) in Indian population. Materials and Methods: 100 male subjects, diagnosed with depressive disorder and currently in a state of clinical remission for a period of at least 4 weeks were evaluated on SFQ and Arizona Sexual Experience Questionnaire (ASEX). Result: By using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves a score of 14 was considered to be a cutoff for sexual dysfunction as per SFQ. This cutoff yielded a sensitivity of 91.7% and specificity of 86.4% for the detection of sexual dysfunction. The PPV of the instrument at this cutoff was 87%. Conclusion: A cutoff of 14 should be used to define sexual dysfunction as per SFQ. PMID:25336774

Krishna, Kodakandla; Avasthi, Ajit; Grover, Sandeep

2014-01-01

364

The sexually active teenager.  

PubMed

This discussion of the sexually active teenager provides a statistical analysis of sexual behaviors and reviews developmental issues, contraceptive usage, adolescent pregnancy and its associated problems, and sex education. Major changes have occurred over the past 2 decades in sexual mores, contraceptive technology, the acceptance of single parent families, and the availability of induced abortion. In the US adolescent pregnancy and epidemic venereal disease have become major child health problems. It is important that the pediatrician, family practitioner, nurse practitioner, and mental health professional are aware of the magnitude of these problems and their potential areas for intervention. Various epidemiological studies of sexual behavior have documented an increase in the number of sexually active adolescents over the last decade. In a survey of metropolitan adolescents, Zelnik and Kantner found that the reported sexual activity among 15-19 years old adolescent girls increased from 30% in 1971 to 50% in 1979. Among never married white teenagers in this age group, statistics from 1971 indicated that 23% were sexually experienced, and this incidence increased to 42% in 1979. Much less is known about the sexual behavior of younger adolesents in the 11-14 year old range. The increased number of adolescents involved in premarital intercourse, coupled with the earlier age of menarche and delayed marriage, has increased the risk of premarital pregnancies. The number of adolescents between ages 15-19 experiencing a premarital pregnancy has increased significantly from 8.5% in 1971 to 16.2% in 1979, the most notable increase occurring among white teenagers. Among sexually experienced 15-19 years olds, 32.5% have experienced a premarital pregnancy. Sexual behavior among young adolescents is influenced by several variables, including maturation, personal values about premarital sex, inclination, and opportunity. There is an increasing tendency for adolescents to view sexual behavior as a matter of personal choice rather than a morality issue. Adolescents in all stages of development may delay obtaining adequate contraception. Denial of fertility is a common theme in early as well as late adolescence. The consistency and responsibility required for effective contraceptive use is not always compatible with the stage of adolescent development in which they have chosen to become sexually active. Use of effective contraception is often related to increasing sexual activity, increasing closeness of a relationship, a pregnancy scare because of a late or missing period, the positive influence of friends and family members or physicians, and/or the actual discovery of a contraceptive program. For adolescents access to contraceptives has been problematic and prescription contraception is frequently discontinued with continued sexual activity. Feelings of despair, worthlessness, and chronic school failure appear to be common factors among adolescents who choose to carry a pregnancy to term. Sex education courses should facilitate decision making about responsible sexual behavior. PMID:6833503

Emans, S J

1983-03-01

365

Parabosons, parafermions, and explicit representations of infinite-dimensional algebras  

SciTech Connect

The goal of this paper is to give an explicit construction of the Fock spaces of the parafermion and the paraboson algebra, for an infinite set of generators. This is equivalent to constructing certain unitary irreducible lowest weight representations of the (infinite rank) Lie algebra so({infinity}) and of the Lie superalgebra osp(1 vertical bar {infinity}). A complete solution to the problem is presented, in which the Fock spaces have basis vectors labeled by certain infinite but stable Gelfand-Zetlin patterns, and the transformation of the basis is given explicitly. Alternatively, the basis vectors can be expressed as semi-standard Young tableaux.

Stoilova, N. I.; Van der Jeugt, J., E-mail: joris.vanderjeugt@ugent.b [Ghent University, Department of Applied Mathematics and Computer Science (Belgium)

2010-03-15

366

The Intergenerational Transmission of Implicit and Explicit Attitudes Toward Smoking  

PubMed Central

This study examined the intergenerational transmission of implicit and explicit attitudes toward smoking, as well as the role of these attitudes in adolescents’ smoking initiation. There was evidence of intergenerational transmission of implicit attitudes. Mothers who had more positive implicit attitudes had children with more positive implicit attitudes. In turn, these positive implicit attitudes of adolescents predicted their smoking initiation 18-months later. Moreover, these effects were obtained above and beyond the effects of explicit attitudes. These findings provide the first evidence that the intergenerational transmission of implicit cognition may play a role in the intergenerational transmission of an addictive behavior. PMID:20126293

Sherman, Steven J.; Chassin, Laurie; Presson, Clark; Seo, Dong-Chul; Macy, Jonathan T.

2009-01-01

367

Effects of Learning Strategies and Motivation on Implicit vs. Explicit Instructional Approaches for Spanish L2 Vocabulary  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Under the premise that vocabulary learning in a Spanish as a second language in-class environment may be affected by the instructional approach adopted by the instructors or the materials followed, this study explores the influence of rather distant teaching styles, such as implicit and explicit approaches, on the learning outcome of Spanish…

Hervas, David

2010-01-01

368

UCSC Policy on Sexual Assault University of California Policy on Sexual Harassment  

E-print Network

UCSC Policy on Sexual Assault University of California Policy on Sexual Harassment and Procedures for Reporting Sexual Harassment and Sexual Assault December 1994 · Amended January 2005 · Amended August 2011 ...............................................................1 I. UCSC Policy on Sexual Assault

Lee, Herbie

369

An explicit finite element formulation for dynamic strain localization and damage evolution in metals  

SciTech Connect

An explicit finite element formulation, used to study the behavior and failure mechanisms of metallic materials under high strain rate loading, is presented. The formulation is based on the assumed-strain approach of Fish and Belytschko [1988], which allows localization bands to be embedded within an element, thereby alleviating mesh sensitivity and reducing the required computational effort. The behavior of the material outside localization bands (and of the virgin material prior to the onset of strain localization) is represented using a Gurson-type coupled plasticity-damage model based on the work of Johnson and Addessio [1988]. Assuming adiabatic conditions, the response of the localization band material is represented by a set of constitutive equations for large elasticviscoplastic deformations in metals at high strain rates and high homologous temperatures (see Brown et al. [1989]). Computational results are compared to experimental data for different metallic alloys to illustrate the advantages of the proposed modeling strategy.

Mourad, Hashem M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bronkhorst, Curt A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Addessio, Francis L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2010-12-16

370

Education for sexuality.  

PubMed

Sex education provides a means to reduce the growing incidence of sexual abuse and of sexually transmitted diseases. Knowledge, which differs from permission, may protect. Sex education needs to provide factual information about anatomy and physiology and sexual development and responses. Further, it must guide young people towards healthy attitudes that develop concern and respect for others. This should enable them to make sound decisions about sexual behavior based on both knowledge and understanding of their own sexual identity and interpersonal relationships. The recent research shows that teenagers exposed to sex education are no more likely to engage in sexual intercourse than are other adolescents, and those who become sexually active are more likely to use a contraceptive method at 1st intercourse and are slightly less likely to experience premarital pregnancies. The nonuse of contraceptives is related to ignorance, lack of awareness of the consequences of sexual activity, and inaccessibility of suitable services. Consequently, young people need help to learn about the risks of pregnancy, how to avoid unwanted pregnancy, and where to go for counseling and services before they become sexually active. The provision of contraceptives must be made to meet the needs of adolescents. Formal sex education should be given in schools only with parental knowledge and cooperation. Youth leaders can influence young people positively by teaching about health and hygiene and promoting responsible attitudes toward sex and religion. Doctors and nurses have a unique opportunity to provide counseling throughout their patients' lives. The Department of Health (Capetown, South Africa) has appointed 445 nurses who oversee the youth program. They give sex education at schools, teaching colleges, youth camps, and at clinics. They also provide individual and group counseling for never pregnant, pregnant, and parent adolescents and their parents and partners at 8 youth health centers and existing family planning clinics. The Family Planning Association provides sex education at schools and teaching colleges and for parent teachers association groups and youth groups as well as church leaders and business executives. It is essential to promote honest communication with regard to sexuality and reproductive health care. PMID:3380143

Sapire, K E

1988-03-01

371

[Contraception and sexuality].  

PubMed

Earlier age at menarche, a longer reproductive life, and fewer desired births have been factors in the increasing importance of contraception in the life of women and couples. This work assesses the optimal contraceptive methods for different physiological phases of affective and sexual life and for various sexual problems. Contraception should prevent pregnancy, not promote sexually transmitted diseases and disorders of the genital tract, and preserve future fertility. The 1st gynecological consultation, even for very young girls, has 3 main objectives: detecting anomalies of the genital tract, ensuring that no physiological problems will arise in the 1st intercourse, and providing contraception if it will be needed in the relatively near future. The physician should speak directly to the young patient instead of to her mother. Hormonal contraception is preferred for adolescents with regular sexual activity, but for the majority who have episodic and irregular sexual relations other methods may be preferable. Condoms provide some protection against sexually transmitted diseases but require cooperation from the male partner. Vaginal sponges which can be left in place for 24 hours are easier to use than other vaginal methods. The "morning after" pill is available in case of unprotected coitus. The unplanned and unstable sexuality of adolescents is increasingly followed by a period of regular and continuous premarital sexual relations requiring reliable and continuous contraception. The pill remains the best choice for its efficacy, tolerance, and safety. Various formulations are available in case of contraindications to the classic combined pill. IUDs should be formally contraindicated because of the possibility of extrauterine pregnancy or salpingitis. Mechanical methods can be used for short periods but should not replace a more effective method on a permanent basis. The IUD may be a good choice for women who have completed their families. Oral contraceptives may be continued for premenopausal women without other cardiovascular risk factors. High dose progestins derived from 17 hydroxyprogesterone are recommended in case of luteal insufficiency. Premenopausal women whose sexual relations have become less frequent may prefer IUDs, local methods, or tubal ligation. Sexual difficulties of couples should be considered in selecting a method. Frigid women do not tolerate contraception well because fear of pregnancy is their excuse for avoiding sex. IUDs may be more satisfactory than pills in such cases because they do not require daily action. Pills may be the best choice in cases of premature ejaculation or impotence. PMID:12342527

Kahn-nathan, J

1987-01-01

372

Materialism, conspicious consumption and the human nature  

Microsoft Academic Search

By nature, humans are social beings. We are constantly communicating and we interact with many different people in a variety of contexts. Some interactions fulfill an economic function, aimed at exchanging products, while other interactions may have an in- or explicit sexual purpose. Irrespective of the purpose of an interaction, numerous factors may shape its course, outcome, or the way

Inge Lens

2012-01-01

373

Sexual coercion and the misperception of sexual intent?  

PubMed Central

Misperceiving a woman’s platonic interest as sexual interest has been implicated in a sexual bargaining process that leads to sexual coercion. This paper provides a comprehensive review of sexual misperception, including gender differences in perception of women’s sexual intent, the relationship between sexual coercion and misperception, and situational factors that increase the risk that sexual misperception will occur. Compared to women, men consistently perceive a greater degree of sexual intent in women’s behavior. However, there is evidence to suggest that this gender effect may be driven largely by a sub-group of men who are particularly prone to perceive sexual intent in women’s behavior, such as sexually coercive men and men who endorse sex-role stereotypes. Situational factors, such as alcohol use by the man or woman, provocative clothing, and dating behaviors (e.g., initiating the date or making eye contact), are all associated with increased estimates of women’s sexual interest. We also critique the current measurement strategies and introduce a model of perception that more closely maps on to important theoretical questions in this area. A clearer understanding of sexual perception errors and the etiology of these errors may serve to guide sexual-assault prevention programs toward more effective strategies. PMID:17462798

Farris, Coreen; Treat, Teresa A.; Viken, Richard J.; McFall, Richard M.

2010-01-01

374

Evaluación de comportamientos sexuales de riesgo en una población universitaria de la Provincia de Buenos Aires Sexual risk behaviors assessment in a university-based population of Buenos Aires Province  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives: estimate prevalence of sexual risk behaviors, immunization against B Hepatitis, and to appraise the knowledge about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD) and contraceptives methods, among students of Universidad Tecnológica Nacional. Materials and methods: cross sectional descriptive study to assess sociodemographic data, sexual behavior history and knowledge about STD and contraceptives methods, through an anonymous questionnaire, with Likert-like scale answers. Results:

Coppolillo FE

375

Women who sexually offend display three main offense styles: a reexamination of the Descriptive Model of Female Sexual Offending.  

PubMed

This study examined a theory constructed to describe the offense process of women who sexually offend-the Descriptive Model of Female Sexual Offending (DMFSO). In particular, this report sets out to establish whether the original three pathways (or offending styles) identified within United Kingdom convicted female sexual offenders and described within the DMFSO (i.e., Explicit-Approach, Directed-Avoidant, Implicit-Disorganized) were applicable to a small sample (N = 36) of North American women convicted of sexual offending. Two independent raters examined the offense narratives of the sample and-using the DMFSO-coded each script according to whether it fitted one of the three original pathways. Results suggested that the three existing pathways of the DMFSO represented a reasonable description of offense pathways for a sample of North American women convicted of sexual offending. No new pathways were identified. A new "Offense Pathway Checklist" devised to aid raters' decision making is described and future research and treatment implications explored. PMID:23676187

Gannon, Theresa A; Waugh, Greg; Taylor, Kelly; Blanchette, Kelly; O'Connor, Alisha; Blake, Emily; Ciardha, Caoilte Ó

2014-06-01

376

[Pornography and sexual abuse in the Internet].  

PubMed

Internet pornography has been regarded as either stimulating sexual aggression and abuse or as serving as a safety valve. This controversy is an important issue in health, media and legal politics. According to empirical studies on pornography in general, soft-core pornography and nonviolent pornography can be regarded as harmless, whereas non-violent hard-core pornography and violent pornography may increase aggression. Individuals with a high risk for sexual aggression show more interest in violent pornography and are stimulated more strongly through such material. Two case histories illustrate the characteristics of internet pornography and "cybersex": easy access, anonymity, affordability, wide range and deviation of the material, unlimited market, blurring the borders between consumer and producer, interactive communication, space for experimenting between fantasy and in real-life behavior, virtual identities, easy contact between offender and victim or among offenders, and low risk of apprehension. The phenomenon of "sexual addiction" (or paraphilia- related disorder) is particularly relevant for the problematic use of internet pornography. Preventive measures to protect possible victims are presented as well as treatment strategies for offenders. Beside limiting access to the internet, these include therapy of comorbid psychiatric disorders and psychological problems (social isolation, bereavement, stress- and anger-management, guilt and shame, childhood traumata, cognitive distortion, victim empathy), psychopharmacotherapy and the enhancement of a more integrative and relationship-oriented sexuality. PMID:17177094

Hill, Andreas; Briken, P; Berner, W

2007-01-01

377

Memories, fantasies and sexual victimization  

E-print Network

related to sexual abuse than would non-abused individuals. Freud's Views of Child Sexual Abuse Early in his career, Sigmund Freud addressed the memories of childhood sexual experiences that his clients had related to him. He believed them to be true... related to sexual abuse than would non-abused individuals. Freud's Views of Child Sexual Abuse Early in his career, Sigmund Freud addressed the memories of childhood sexual experiences that his clients had related to him. He believed them to be true...

Cockroft, Ronald Duane

2012-06-07

378

Is pedophilia a sexual orientation?  

PubMed

In this article, I address the question of whether pedophilia in men can be construed as a male sexual orientation, and the implications for thinking of it in this way for scientific research, clinical practice, and public policy. I begin by defining pedophilia and sexual orientation, and then compare pedophilia (as a potential sexual orientation with regard to age) to sexual orientations with regard to gender (heterosexuality, bisexuality, and homosexuality), on the bases of age of onset, correlations with sexual and romantic behavior, and stability over time. I conclude with comments about the potential social and legal implications of conceptualizing pedophilia as a type of sexual orientation in males. PMID:22218786

Seto, Michael C

2012-02-01

379

Making the Implicit Explicit: Supporting Teachers to Bridge Cultures  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this paper, we report the results of a longitudinal action research project in which elementary teachers used a cultural framework (individualism-collectivism) to understand differences between the culture of immigrant Latino families and the culture of U.S. schools. Making explicit the culture-based beliefs implicit in home and school…

Rothstein-Fisch, Carrie; Trumbull, Elise; Garcia, Sandra Gloria

2009-01-01

380

Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system  

E-print Network

: Behavior is motivated by a desire to approach positive and avoid negative outcomes. Neuro)]: Background: Genetic variation in dopamine and serotonergic systems mediate reward and punishment processing show enhanced implicit system punishment processing. 2) COMT Met carriers show enhanced explicit system

Pillow, Jonathan

381

Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system  

E-print Network

positive and avoid negative outcomes. Neuro-anatomically and functionally distinct memory and learning enhanced learning of a simple explicit task when feedback is positive and emotionally valenced)]: Background: Genetic variation in dopamine and serotonergic systems mediate reward and punishment processing

Maddox, W. Todd

382

Classification Decision-Making Implicit system Explicit system  

E-print Network

: Behavior is motivated by a desire to approach positive and avoid negative outcomes. Neuro and punishment processing in implicit and explicit systems. We find support for these hypotheses whereas 5-HTTLPR S carriers show enhanced implicit system punishment processing. 2) COMT Met carriers show

Maddox, W. Todd

383

Rapid Prototyping of ILP Systems Using Explicit Bias  

E-print Network

Rapid Prototyping of ILP Systems Using Explicit Bias William W. Cohen AT&T Bell Laboratories Room 2; this is an especially suitable area for rapid prototyping, as a number of different restrictions on logic programs have, expressed in a ``bias representation language''. Rapid prototyping can be accomplished using Grendel

Cohen, William W.

384

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT  

E-print Network

DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY OF NORMAL AND SUPERCONDUCTING ELECTRON LIQUIDS: EXPLICIT FUNCTIONALS VIAÃ?th University Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia Abstract The basic idea of density functional theory is to map-state densities of the two systems are identical. The non-interacting particles move in an e#11;ective local

Gross, E.K.U.

385

ORIGINAL ARTICLE An improved Greengenes taxonomy with explicit  

E-print Network

ORIGINAL ARTICLE An improved Greengenes taxonomy with explicit ranks for ecological with a curated taxonomy based on de novo tree inference. We developed a `taxonomy to tree' approach for transferring group names from an existing taxonomy to a tree topology, and used it to apply the Greengenes

Eddy, Sean

386

Modeling Explicit and Implicit Service Request for Intelligent Interface Design  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose a goal-driven approach to model explicit and implicit service requests for intelligent interface design. This approach starts the system construction from the view of software requirements engineering. Requirements of the system are generated by the goal-based requirements analysis in which functional and nonfunctional requirements will be represented by a set of goal models. These goal models are used

Chiung-hon Leon Lee; Alan Liu

2009-01-01

387

Measuring Implicit and Explicit Attitudes toward Foreign-Accented Speech  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The purpose of this research was to investigate the nature of listeners' attitudes toward foreign-accented speech and the manner in which those attitudes are formed. This study measured 165 participants' implicit and explicit attitudes toward US- and foreign-accented audio stimuli. Implicit attitudes were measured with an audio Implicit…

Pantos, Andrew J.

2010-01-01

388

Explicit Code and Comprehension Instruction for English Learners  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Explicit code and comprehension instruction is important for English learners (ELs), and several key findings from research on young ELs learning to read initially in English can offer guidelines for developing effective code-based instruction for these children. The authors of this column address comprehension instruction for ELs, suggesting…

Manyak, Patrick C.; Bauer, Eurydice B.

2008-01-01

389

New explicit correlations for turbulent flow friction factor  

Microsoft Academic Search

Two new correlations of single-phase friction factor for turbulent pipe flow are shown in this paper. These two formulas are actually explicit approximations of iterative Colebrook's relation for calculation of flow friction factor. Calculated friction factors are valid for whole turbulent flow including hydraulically smooth and rough pipes with special attention on transient zone of turbulence between them. Hydraulically smooth

Dejan Brki?

2011-01-01

390

Explicit Solutions for a Riccati Equation from Transport Theory  

E-print Network

Explicit Solutions for a Riccati Equation from Transport Theory Volker Mehrmann # Hongguo Xu solution of a particu­ lar non­symmetric Riccati equation arising in transport theory. The formulas demonstrate the properties of the new methods. Keywords. non­symmetric Riccati equation, secular equation

Xu, Hongguo

391

Explicit Solutions for a Riccati Equation from Transport Theory  

E-print Network

Explicit Solutions for a Riccati Equation from Transport Theory Volker Mehrmann Hongguo Xu January of a particu- lar non-symmetric Riccati equation arising in transport theory. The formulas are based demonstrate the properties of the new methods. Keywords. non-symmetric Riccati equation, secular equation

Xu, Hongguo

392

Explicit- and Implicit Bullying Attitudes in Relation to Bullying Behavior  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The main aim of this study was to examine whether an assessment of implicit bullying attitudes could add to the prediction of bullying behavior after controlling for explicit bullying attitudes. Primary school children (112 boys and 125 girls, M age = 11 years, 5 months) completed two newly developed measures of implicit bullying attitudes (a…

van Goethem, Anne A. J.; Scholte, Ron H. J.; Wiers, Reinout W.

2010-01-01

393

BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY Implicit representation and explicit detection of  

E-print Network

BRAINA JOURNAL OF NEUROLOGY Implicit representation and explicit detection of features in patients California Health Care System, Martinez, CA, USA 2 Psychology Department, University of California, Berkeley to the side of space opposite a brain lesion in patients with unilateral neglect, priming studies demonstrate

Robertson, Lynn

394

Implicit and Explicit Learning in Individuals with Agrammatic Aphasia  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Implicit learning is a process of acquiring knowledge that occurs without conscious awareness of learning, whereas explicit learning involves the use of overt strategies. To date, research related to implicit learning following stroke has been largely restricted to the motor domain and has rarely addressed implications for language. The present…

Schuchard, Julia; Thompson, Cynthia K.

2014-01-01

395

Error and Deviance Processing in Implicit and Explicit Sequence Learning  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this experiment, we examined the extent to which error-driven learning may operate under implicit learning conditions. We compared error monitoring in a sequence learning task in which stimuli consisted of regular, irregular, or random sequences. Subjects were either informed (explicit condition) or not informed (implicit condition) about the existence of the sequence. For both conditions, reaction times were faster

Nicola K. Ferdinand; Axel Mecklinger; Jutta Kray

2008-01-01

396

Implementing Explicit and Finding Implicit Sharing in Embedded DSLs  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aliasing, or sharing, is prominent in many domains, denoting that two differently-named objects are in fact identical: a change in one object (memory cell, circuit terminal, disk block) is instantly reflected in the other. Languages for modelling such domains should let the programmer explicitly define the sharing among objects or expressions. A DSL compiler may find other identical expressions and

Oleg Kiselyov

2011-01-01

397

Explicit Substitution Internal Languages for Autonomous and *Autonomous Categories  

Microsoft Academic Search

We introduce a family of explicit substitution type theories as internal languagesfor autonomous (or symmetric monoidal closed) and -autonomous categories, inthe same sense that the simply-typed -calculus with surjective pairing is the internallanguage for cartesian closed categories. We show that the eight equalityand three commutation congruence axioms of the -autonomous type theory characterise -autonomous categories exactly. The associated rewrite systems

T. W. Koh; C. h L. Ong

1999-01-01

398

Explicit and spontaneous retrieval of emotional scenes: electrophysiological correlates.  

PubMed

When event-related potentials (ERP) are measured during a recognition task, items that have previously been presented typically elicit a larger late (400-800 ms) positive potential than new items. Recent data, however, suggest that emotional, but not neutral, pictures show ERP evidence of spontaneous retrieval when presented in a free-viewing task (Ferrari, Bradley, Codispoti, Karlsson, & Lang, 2012). In two experiments, we further investigated the brain dynamics of implicit and explicit retrieval. In Experiment 1, brain potentials were measured during a semantic categorization task, which did not explicitly probe episodic memory, but which, like a recognition task, required an active decision and a button press, and were compared to those elicited during recognition and free viewing. Explicit recognition prompted a late enhanced positivity for previously presented, compared with new, pictures regardless of hedonic content. In contrast, only emotional pictures showed an old-new difference when the task did not explicitly probe episodic memory, either when making an active categorization decision regarding picture content, or when simply viewing pictures. In Experiment 2, however, neutral pictures did prompt a significant old-new ERP difference during subsequent free viewing when emotionally arousing pictures were not included in the encoding set. These data suggest that spontaneous retrieval is heightened for salient cues, perhaps reflecting heightened attention and elaborative processing at encoding. PMID:23795588

Weymar, Mathias; Bradley, Margaret M; El-Hinnawi, Nasryn; Lang, Peter J

2013-10-01

399

The Social Robot Architecture: A Framework for Explicit Social Interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper details the Social Robot Architecture, a framework for explicit human-robot and robot-robot social interaction. The core mechanisms for realizing a robust robot control architecture involving a synthesis of reactive, deliberative, and social reasoning mechanisms are presented and discussed. In addition, the Virtual Robotic Workbench is briefly described which demonstrates the coherent integration of both physical and virtual social

Brian R. Duffy; Mauro Dragone; M. P. O'Hare

400

An Explicitly Correlated Wavelet Method for the Electronic Schroedinger Equation  

SciTech Connect

A discretization for an explicitly correlated formulation of the electronic Schroedinger equation based on hyperbolic wavelets and exponential sum approximations of potentials is described, covering mathematical results as well as algorithmic realization, and discussing in particular the potential of methods of this type for parallel computing.

Bachmayr, Markus [RWTH Aachen, Aachen Institute for Advanced Study in Computational Engineering Sciences, Schinkelstr. 2, 52062 Aachen (Germany)

2010-09-30

401

Explicit versus Implicit Social Cognition Testing in Autism Spectrum Disorder  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Although autism spectrum disorder is defined by reciprocal social-communication impairments, several studies have found no evidence for altered social cognition test performance. This study examined explicit (i.e. prompted) and implicit (i.e. spontaneous) variants of social cognition testing in autism spectrum disorder. A sample of 19 adolescents…

Callenmark, Björn; Kjellin, Lars; Rönnqvist, Louise; Bölte, Sven

2014-01-01

402

An explicit Schrödinger picture for Aharonov's Modular Variable concept  

E-print Network

We propose to address in a natural manner, the modular variable concept explicitly in a Schr\\"odinger picture. The idea of Modular Variables was introduced in 1969 by Aharonov, Pendleton and Petersen to explain certain non-local properties of quantum mechanics. Our approach to this subject is based on Schwinger's finite quantum kinematics and it's continuous limit.

A. C. Lobo; C. A. Ribeiro

2010-07-09

403

COMMUNITY ECOLOGY Toward ecologically explicit null models of nestedness  

E-print Network

of nestedness as an ecological concept and conservation tool. Keywords Forest songbirds Á Random placement modelCOMMUNITY ECOLOGY Toward ecologically explicit null models of nestedness Jeffrey E. Moore � Robert nonrandom subsets of those at richer sites. Conventional null models used to test for statistically

Swihart, Robert K. "Rob"

404

Narratives of knowledge and intelligence ... beyond the tacit and explicit  

Microsoft Academic Search

Purpose – The purpose of this article is to revisit the key terms in knowledge management (KM), particularly tacit and explicit, to develop a better framework for a theoretical and practical understanding of KM. Design\\/methodology\\/approach – With the help of concepts like articulation and discourse, borrowed from applied linguistics, the relationships between data, information, the components of information in its

Roy Williams

2006-01-01

405

Coordination of Active Objects by Means of Explicit Connectors  

E-print Network

Coordination of Active Objects by Means of Explicit Connectors S. Ducasse, M. G¨unter Abstract--Although coordination of multiple activities is a fundamental goal of object-oriented concurrent programming languages-level coordination con- structs. Often coordination is hard-wired into the components they coordi- nate, which leads

Ducasse, Stéphane

406

Explicit and implicit viscoplastic models for polymeric composite  

E-print Network

and the composites exhibit inelastic behavior. The reason of this phenomenon is micro-damage accu- mulatedExplicit and implicit viscoplastic models for polymeric composite M.S. Al-Haik a , H. Garmestani b composite was investigated through two different modeling efforts. The first model is phenomenological

Garmestani, Hamid

407

The explicit linear quadratic regulator for constrained systems  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a technique to compute the explicit state-feedback solution to both the xnite and inxnite horizon linear quadratic optimal control problem subject to state and input constraints. We show that this closed form solution is piecewise linear and continuous. As a practical consequence of the result, constrained linear quadratic regulation becomes attractive also for systems with high sampling rates,

Alberto Bemporad; Manfred Morari; Vivek Dua; Efstratios N. Pistikopoulos

2002-01-01

408

Microscopically Implicit-Macroscopically Explicit schemes for the BGK equation  

E-print Network

function, while the macroscopic moments are evolved explicitly. In this fashion, the stability condition system of equations, which turns out to be well conditioned. In this fashion, we remove the stiffness due), is relatively large. Since equilibrium is approached through collisions, a large Knudsen number indicates a slow

Ceragioli, Francesca

409

Explicit modeling of human-object interactions in realistic videos  

E-print Network

that (i) our explicit human-object model is an informative cue for action recognition; (ii and smoking.8 Many previous approaches represent actions by distri-9 butions of low-level descriptors-object interactions. Top row: one drinking and two smoking instances from the Coffee & Cigarettes dataset [25]. Second

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

410

Explicit modeling of human-object interactions in realistic videos  

E-print Network

explicit human-object model is an informative cue for action recognition; (ii) it is complementary on actions defined by the interaction between a7 person and an object, such as drinking and smoking.8 Many smoking instances from the Coffee & Cigarettes dataset [25]. Second row: examples from the dataset of [19

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

411

Phase models with explicit time delays Eugene M. Izhikevich*  

E-print Network

Phase models with explicit time delays Eugene M. Izhikevich* Center for Systems Science is the natural phase difference 6 . *Electronic address: Eugene.Izhikevich@asu.edu URL: http://math.la.asu.edu/ eugene PHYSICAL REVIEW E JULY 1998VOLUME 58, NUMBER 1 PRE 581063-651X/98/58 1 /905 4 /$15.00 905 © 1998

Izhikevich, Eugene

412

Beyond Explicit Rule Learning: Automatizing Second Language Morphosyntax.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a fine-grained analysis of extensive empirical data on the automatization of explicitly learned rules of morphosyntax in a second language. Results indicate that the learning of morphosyntactic rules is highly skill-specific and that these skills develop gradually over time, adhering to the same power function learning curve as the…

DeKeyser, Robert M.

1997-01-01

413

Explicit versus implicit social cognition testing in autism spectrum disorder  

PubMed Central

Although autism spectrum disorder is defined by reciprocal social-communication impairments, several studies have found no evidence for altered social cognition test performance. This study examined explicit (i.e. prompted) and implicit (i.e. spontaneous) variants of social cognition testing in autism spectrum disorder. A sample of 19 adolescents with autism spectrum disorder and 19 carefully matched typically developing controls completed the Dewey Story Test. ‘Explicit’ (multiple-choice answering format) and ‘implicit’ (free interview) measures of social cognition were obtained. Autism spectrum disorder participants did not differ from controls regarding explicit social cognition performance. However, the autism spectrum disorder group performed more poorly than controls on implicit social cognition performance in terms of spontaneous perspective taking and social awareness. Findings suggest that social cognition alterations in autism spectrum disorder are primarily implicit in nature and that an apparent absence of social cognition difficulties on certain tests using rather explicit testing formats does not necessarily mean social cognition typicality in autism spectrum disorder. PMID:24104519

Callenmark, Björn; Kjellin, Lars; Rönnqvist, Louise

2014-01-01

414

VOISE: Learning to Segregate Voices in Explicit and Implicit Polyphony  

Microsoft Academic Search

Finding multiple occurrences of themes and patterns in music can be hampered due to polyphonic textures. This is caused by the complexity of music that weaves multi- ple independent lines of music together. We present and demonstrate a system, VoiSe, that is capable of isolating individual voices in both explicit and implicit polyphonic music. VoiSe is designed to work on

Phillip B. Kirlin; Paul E. Utgoff

2005-01-01

415

Inflow-Implicit/Outflow-Explicit Scheme for Solving Advection Equations  

E-print Network

.ohlberger@uni-muenster.de 1 #12;2 Karol Mikula and Mario Ohlberger where u Rd Ã?[0,T] is the unknown function and vInflow-Implicit/Outflow-Explicit Scheme for Solving Advection Equations Karol Mikula and Mario in this new I2OE method is determined by the inflow fluxes it is an M-matrix yielding favourable solvability

416

A Survey of Processors with Explicit Multithreading THEO UNGERER  

E-print Network

A Survey of Processors with Explicit Multithreading THEO UNGERER University of Augsburg BORUT ROBI C University of Ljubljana AND JURIJ SILC Jozef Stefan Institute Hardware multithreading is becoming a generally applied technique in the next generation of microprocessors. Several multithreaded processors

Silc, Jurij

417

Attention to Explicit and Implicit Contrast in Verb Learning  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Contrast information could be useful for verb learning, but few studies have examined children's ability to use this type of information. Contrast may be useful when children are told explicitly that different verbs apply, or when they hear two different verbs in a single context. Three studies examine children's attention to different…

Childers, Jane B.; Hirshkowitz, Amy; Benavides, Kristin

2014-01-01

418

Explicit Intraoperative Recall at a Bispectral Index of 47  

Microsoft Academic Search

he Bispectral Index (BIS) has become widely ac- cepted as a measurement of hypnosis under an- esthesia. It is derived from a processed electro- encephalogram and computer algorithm that assigns a numerical value based on the probability of conscious- ness. Values ,60 correlate with a low probability of consciousness (1). We report a case wherein a patient experienced explicit recall

George Mychaskiw; Marc Horowitz; Vishal Sachdev; Bobby J. Heath

2001-01-01

419

Bodily self: an implicit knowledge of what is explicitly unknown.  

PubMed

We tested the hypothesis that the body self-advantage, i.e., the facilitation in discriminating self versus other people's body-effectors, is the expression of an implicit and body-specific knowledge, based mainly on the sensorimotor representation of one's own body-effectors. Alternatively, the body self-advantage could rely on visual recognition of pictorial cues. According to the first hypothesis, using gray-scale pictures of body-parts, the body self-advantage should emerge when self-body recognition is implicitly required and should be specific for body-effectors and not for inanimate-objects. In contrast, if the self-advantage is due to a mere visual-perceptual facilitation, it should be independent of the implicit or explicit request (and could be extended also to objects). To disentangle these hypotheses, healthy participants were implicitly or explicitly required to recognize either their own body-effectors or inanimate-objects. Participants were more accurate in the implicit task with self rather than with others' body-effectors. In contrast, the self-advantage was not found when an explicit recognition of one's own body-effectors was required, suggesting that the body self-advantage relies upon a sensorimotor, rather than a mere visual representation of one's own body. Moreover, the absence of both self/other and implicit/explicit effects, when processing inanimate-objects, underlines the differences between the body and other objects. PMID:21553263

Frassinetti, Francesca; Ferri, Francesca; Maini, Manuela; Benassi, Maria Grazia; Gallese, Vittorio

2011-07-01

420

Universal limiter for high order explicit conservative advection schemes  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A simple method for construction of nonoscillatory, explicit, conservative advection schemes of arbitrarily high accuracy is described. Four test profiles are considered: an isolated sine-squared wave, a unit step function, a semiellipse, and a narrow Gaussian. A universal limiter guarantees monotonic resolution of the step. Sharpness increases uniformly with the order of the base scheme.

Leonard, B. P.; Niknafs, H. S.

1989-01-01

421

EXPLICIT APPROXIMATE NONLINEAR PREDICTIVE CONTROL BASED ON NEURAL NETWORK MODELS  

E-print Network

by black-box models. In particular, neural network models as established representatives of the black- boxI - 5 EXPLICIT APPROXIMATE NONLINEAR PREDICTIVE CONTROL BASED ON NEURAL NETWORK MODELS A based on neural network models can be found in the literature. Nevertheless, NMPC with on

Johansen, Tor Arne

422

Implicit and explicit category learning by capuchin monkeys (Cebus apella).  

PubMed

Current theories of human categorization differentiate an explicit, rule-based system of category learning from an implicit system that slowly associates regions of perceptual space with response outputs. The researchers extended this theoretical differentiation to the category learning of New World primates. Four capuchins (Cebus apella) learned categories of circular sine-wave gratings that varied in bar spatial frequency and orientation. The rule-based and information-integration tasks, respectively, had one-dimensional and two-dimensional solutions. Capuchins, like humans, strongly dimensionalized the stimuli and learned the rule-based task more easily. The results strengthen the suggestion that nonhuman primates have some structural components of humans' capacity for explicit categorization, which in humans is linked to declarative cognition and consciousness. The results also strengthen the primate contrast to other vertebrate species that may lack the explicit system. Therefore, the results raise important questions about the origins of the explicit categorization system during cognitive evolution and about its overall phylogenetic distribution. PMID:22023264

Smith, J David; Crossley, Matthew J; Boomer, Joseph; Church, Barbara A; Beran, Michael J; Ashby, F Gregory

2012-08-01

423

Revising Geology Labs To Explicitly Use the Scientific Method.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Proposes that content- or skill-based labs can be revised to explicitly involve the scientific method by asking students to propose hypotheses before making observations. Students' self-assessment showed they felt that they learned a great deal from this style of labs and found the labs to be fun; however, students felt that they learned little…

Hannula, Kimberly A.

2003-01-01

424

Flexible Knowledge Acquisition Through Explicit Representation of Knowledge Roles  

E-print Network

Flexible Knowledge Acquisition Through Explicit Representation of Knowledge Roles Bill Swartout@isi.edu, gil@isi.edu Abstract A system that acquires knowledge from a user should be able to reflect upon the knowledge that it has--at each moment--and understand what kinds of new knowledge it needs to learn

Southern California, University of

425

Religious motivations for cooperation: an experimental investigation using explicit primes  

E-print Network

Faculty of Divinity, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK The role of religion in human cooperation the ability of religion to promote cooperation by using explicit theological primes. In the first study and secular passages have no significant effect on Christians, and that none of the passages (Christian, Hindu

Rand, David G.

426

Building explicit induction schemas for cyclic induction reasoning  

E-print Network

Building explicit induction schemas for cyclic induction reasoning Sorin Stratulat Université de.stratulat@univ-lorraine.fr Abstract. In the setting of classical first-order logic with inductive predicates, two kinds of sequent-based induction reasoning are distin- guished: cyclic and structural. Proving their equivalence is of great the

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

427

Sexual Desire and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI): A Sexual Desire Cutpoint for Clinical Interpretation of the FSFI  

E-print Network

Sexual Desire and the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI): A Sexual Desire Cutpoint for Clinical T Introduction. A validated cutpoint for the total Female Sexual Function Index scale score exists to classify, Rosen RC, Brewer JV, Meston CM, Brotto LA, Wiegel M, and Sand M. Sexual desire and the female sexual

Meston, Cindy

428

The Impact of Sexual Orientation on Sexuality and Sexual Practices in North American Medical Students  

PubMed Central

Introduction There has been limited investigation of the sexuality and sexual dysfunction in non-heterosexual subjects by the sexual medicine community. Additional research in these populations is needed. Aims To investigate and compare sexuality and sexual function in students of varying sexual orientations. Methods An internet-based survey on sexuality was administered to medical students in North American between the months of February and July of 2008. Main Outcome Measures All subjects provided information on their ethnodemographic characteristics, sexual orientation, and sexual history. Subjects also completed a series of widely-utilized instruments for the assessment of human sexuality (International Index of Erectile Function [IIEF], Female Sexual Function Index [FSFI], Premature Ejaculation Diagnostic Tool [PEDT], Index of Sex Life [ISL]). Results There were 2,276 completed responses to the question on sexual orientation. 13.2% of male respondents and 4.7% of female respondents reported a homosexual orientation; 2.5% of male and 5.7% of female respondents reported a bisexual orientation. Many heterosexual males and females reported same-sex sexual experiences (4% and 10%, respectively). Opposite-sex experiences were very common in the male and female homosexual population (37% and 44%, respectively). The prevalence of premature ejaculation (PEDT > 8) was similar among heterosexual and homosexual men (16% and 17%, P = 0.7, respectively). Erectile dysfunction (IIEF-EF < 26) was more common in homosexual men relative to heterosexual men (24% vs. 12%, P = 0.02). High risk for female sexual dysfunction (FSFI < 26.55) was more common in heterosexual and bisexual women compared with lesbians (51%, 45%, and 29%, respectively, P = 0.005). Conclusion In this survey of highly educated young professionals, numerous similarities and some important differences in sexuality and sexual function were noted based on sexual orientation. It is unclear whether the dissimilarities represent differing relative prevalence of sexual problems or discrepancies in patterns of sex behavior and interpretation of the survey questions. PMID:20384941

Breyer, Benjamin N.; Smith, James F.; Eisenberg, Michael L.; Ando, Kathryn A.; Rowen, Tami S.; Shindel, Alan W.

2013-01-01

429

Sexual network position and risk of sexually transmitted infections  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objectives:A population-based sexual network study was used to identify sexual network structures associated with sexually transmitted infection (STI) risk, and to evaluate the degree to which the use of network-level data furthers the understanding of STI risk.Methods:Participants (n = 655) were from the baseline and 12-month follow-up waves of a 2001–2 population-based longitudinal study of sexual networks among urban African–American

C M Fichtenberg; S Q Muth; B Brown; N S Padian; T A Glass; J M Ellen

2009-01-01

430

Sexual Offense Adjudication and Sexual Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study compares the recidivism patterns of a cohort of 249 juvenile sexual offenders and 1,780 non-sexual offending delinquents who were released from secured custody over a two and one half year period. The prevalence of sex offenders with new sexual offense charges during the 5 year follow-up period was 6.8%, compared to 5.7% for the non-sexual offenders, a non-significant

Michael F. Caldwell

2007-01-01

431

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning youths' perspectives of inclusive school-based sexuality education.  

PubMed

Sexuality education is perceived as one way to prevent unhealthy sexual behaviors. However, current sexuality education materials are not tailored to fit the needs of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) youth, and many have been critiqued for disenfranchising these populations. This study solicited the perspectives of LGBTQ youth on their experiences with school-based sexuality education in order to create a framework of LGBTQ-inclusive sexuality education. Five semistructured focus groups (N = 30 LGBTQ participants) were conducted to investigate the sexuality education experiences of LGBTQ youth and to solicit youth suggestions for improving the inclusiveness of sexuality education curricula. Results indicate that LGBTQ youth perceive current sexuality education as primarily "exclusive," although examples of "inclusive" sexuality education were provided. In addition, participants provided suggestions for creating a more inclusive experience, such as directly discussing LGBTQ issues, emphasizing sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention over pregnancy prevention, and addressing healthy relationships. Educators and policymakers can use these ideas to help improve the quality of sexuality education-not only to make it more inclusive for LGBTQ youth but to make sexuality education more inclusive for all young people. PMID:24003908

Gowen, L Kris; Winges-Yanez, Nichole

2014-01-01

432

Comparing European and U.S. approaches to adolescent sexual health.  

PubMed

European countries have significantly lower incidences of teen pregnancy, births, abortions, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). To determine why some countries have so much better success helping adolescents develop into sexually healthy adults, Advocates for Youth and the University of North Carolina developed a European study tour on adolescent sexual behavior and responsibility during summer 1998. The specific goal was to explore which factors contribute to better sexual health among adolescents in the Netherlands, Germany, and France. The differences between countries are exemplified in the recent age-specific birth data; for every 1000 girls aged 15-19 years, the birth rate is 64 in the US, 13 in Germany, 9 in France, and 7 in the Netherlands. Evidence was found during the trip that the promotion of sexual health and responsible choices can be as effective in the US as it is in Europe. Promoting contraceptives and making them available to teens are the norm in the countries studied, and such ready availability of contraceptives and explicit sexual education has not increased teens' levels of sexual activity. In fact, the median age at first intercourse is 16.4 years in the US, 17 in Germany, 17.4 in France, and 17.8 in the Netherlands. Politics have unfortunately polarized and frustrated sexuality education in the US. PMID:12322060

Mcgee, M

1998-12-01

433

Summit on medical school education in sexual health: report of an expert consultation.  

PubMed

INTRODUCTION.: Medical education in sexual health in the United States and Canada is lacking. Medical students and practicing physicians report being underprepared to adequately address their patients' sexual health needs. Recent studies have shown little instruction on sexual health in medical schools and little consensus around the type of material medical students should learn. To address and manage sexual health issues, medical students need improved education and training. AIM.: This meeting report aims to present findings from a summit on the current state of medical school education in sexual health and provides recommended strategies to better train physicians to address sexual health. METHODS.: To catalyze improvements in sexual health education in medical schools, the summit brought together key U.S. and Canadian medical school educators, sexual health educators, and other experts. Attendees reviewed and discussed relevant data and potential recommendations in plenary sessions and then developed key recommendations in smaller breakout groups. RESULTS.: Findings presented at the summit demonstrate that the United States and Canada have high rates of poor sexual health outcomes and that sexual health education in medical schools is variable and in some settings diminished. To address these issues, government, professional, and student organizations are working on efforts to promote sexual health. Several universities already have sexual health curricula in place. Evaluation mechanisms will be essential for developing and refining sexual health education. CONCLUSIONS.: To be effective, sexual health curricula need to be integrated longitudinally throughout medical training. Identifying faculty champions and supporting student efforts are strategies to increase sexual health education. Sexual health requires a multidisciplinary approach, and cross-sector interaction between various public and private entities can help facilitate change. Areas important to address include: core content and placement in the curriculum; interprofessional education and training for integrated care; evaluation mechanisms; faculty development and cooperative strategies. Initial recommendations were drafted for each. PMID:23551542

Coleman, Eli; Elders, Joycelyn; Satcher, David; Shindel, Alan; Parish, Sharon; Kenagy, Gretchen; Bayer, Carey Roth; Knudson, Gail; Kingsberg, Sheryl; Clayton, Anita; Lunn, Mitchell R; Goldsmith, Elizabeth; Tsai, Perry; Light, Alexis

2013-04-01

434

ORIGINAL PAPER Reported Sexual Desire Predicts Men's Preferences for Sexually  

E-print Network

in Women's Faces Benedict C. Jones · Anthony C. Little · Christopher D. Watkins · Lisa L. M. Welling · Lisa investigating the relationship between sexual desire and sexual attraction have found that heterosexual women desire is a generalized energizer of sexual attraction in heterosexual women (i.e., influences women

Little, Tony

435

The Sexuality Education Challenge: Promoting Healthy Sexuality in Young People.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book offers the insights and perspectives of 39 sexuality educators. The collection of essays, full of theoretical considerations and practical implications, addresses the needs of those responsible for educating young people about sexuality and examines the major issues and concerns of sexuality education within the school setting.…

Drolet, Judy C., Ed.; Clark, Kay, Ed.

436

Sexual Coercion Content in 21 Sexuality Education Curricula.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined adolescent sexuality-education curricula for information on coercion (date rape, stranger rape, pressure, incest, sexual harassment, unwanted/inappropriate touch, and exploitation/victimization). Exploitation/victimization and pressure received the greatest attention. Sexual harassment was not covered in any of the curricula. Results…

Beyer, Christine E.; Ogletree, Roberta J.

1998-01-01

437

Child Sexual Behavior Inventory: Normative, Psychiatric, and Sexual Abuse Comparisons  

Microsoft Academic Search

A normative sample of 1,114 children was contrasted with a sample of 620 sexually abused children and 577 psychiatric outpatients on the Child Sexual Behavior Inventory (CSBI), a 38-item behavior checklist assessing sexual behavior in children 2 to 12 years old. The CSBI total score and each individual item differed significantly between the three groups after controlling for age, sex,

William N. Friedrich; Jennifer L. Fisher; Carrie Anne Dittner; Robert Acton; Lucy Berliner; Judy Butler; Linda Damon; W. Hobart Davies; Alison Gray; John Wright

2001-01-01

438

Association of Sexual Revictimization with Sexuality and Psychological Function  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explores the associations of sexual revictimization (experiencing sexual abuse in childhood and adulthood) in a sample of 230 African American women who are low-income. Data indicate that women who experience sexual revictimization are more at risk for emotional stress and psychological pathology than women with no history of abuse. In…

Miner, Michael H.; Flitter, Jill M. Klotz; Robinson, Beatrice E.

2006-01-01

439

Sexual Identity Development among Ethnic Sexual-Minority Male Youths.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study explored how ethnicity influenced sexual identity development in 139 sexual-minority males. Findings demonstrated that participants, regardless of ethnicity, experienced most identity milestones at developmentally appropriate ages, had moderately low internalized homophobia, and became romantically and sexually involved with other males…

Dube, Eric M.; Savin-Williams, Ritch C.

1999-01-01

440

Definition of Sexual Harassment and Sexual Attention Experienced.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

American women holding full-time jobs provided definitions of sexual harassment somewhat narrower than those used in previous studies. While sexual attention experienced was not related to subjects' definitions, having been harassed according to one's definition appeared to influence beliefs concerning the seriousness of sexual harassment in the…

Powell, Gary N.

1983-01-01

441

Recovery After Stroke: Redefining Sexuality  

MedlinePLUS

... is unlikely that a stroke will occur during sexual activity. Again, talk to your partner about this. It ... medicines. The medicines may increase your interest in sexual activity but also may have side effects that interfere ...

442

Sexual Harassment: Discrimination or Tort?  

E-print Network

distress caused by sexual harassment at work was an injuryCompensation and Sexual Harassment in the Work- place: Asexual harassment, the "conduct has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individ- ual's work

Stromberg, Joanna

2003-01-01

443

Campus Climates for Sexual Minorities  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual minorities encounter unique challenges due to their sexual orientation, gender identity, or gender expression that often prevents them from achieving their full academic potential or participating fully in the campus community. (Contains 3 tables and 2 notes.)

Rankin, Susan R.

2005-01-01

444

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews the literature on sexual harassment to determine the issues the problem raises, its social contexts, and the resources available to working women. Examined the implications of sexual harassment for social work practice, policy, and research. (JAC)

Maypole, Donald E.; Skaine, Rosemarie

1983-01-01

445

Sexuality Attitudes of Black Adults.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Assessed sexuality attitudes of black middle-class sample (N=124) concerning communication regarding sexuality information, adolescent contraception, adolescent pregnancy, nonmarital intercourse, responsibility for contraception and pregnancy, abortion, pornography, and masturbation. Results suggest that participants were well-informed, moderate,…

Timberlake, Constance A.; Carpenter, Wayne D.

1990-01-01

446

Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Prevention  

MedlinePLUS

... STDs) Share Compartir Prevention How You Can Prevent Sexually Transmitted Diseases This page includes information about STD prevention, testing, ... 4636) TTY: (888) 232-6348 Contact CDC–INFO Sexually Transmitted Diseases Diseases & Related Conditions STDs & Infertility Other STDs Archive ...

447

SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES SURVEILLANCE SYSTEM  

EPA Science Inventory

The Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance System presents statistics and trends for sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Data demonstrate details which provide information about STD morbidity in the United States, STD prevalence with subgroups and populations which are the f...

448

[Female sexuality and parenthood].  

PubMed

From the child conception to the early years of life, couples generally present less sexual activity. Parenthood constraints are a burden for the couple's relationships. Generally, persistent sexual difficulties six months after delivery, despite those generated by depression or altered health raise the question of an alteration in the quality of the couple's relationships and lack of satisfaction of the mother with her partner's involvement in family life. Numerous parameters can be implied, especially with persistent trouble of desire, such as fatigue, body image problems and libido lessening of the partner due to modifications of his status. Women who presented sexual difficulties before pregnancy remain the same. In all cases, appropriate information can avoid the intimacy's difficulties and contribute to maintain pleasure and intimacy even when vaginal penetration remains difficult. PMID:25262091

Colson, M-H

2014-10-01

449

Sexual Abuse Of Children  

PubMed Central

Increasing emphasis is being placed on the identification and management of sexual abuse in children. Family physicians have a role to play in identifying and treating these children. Some common myths about sexual abuse are that assaults are made mostly by strangers, that sexual abuse is rare, and that there's nothing wrong with sex between adults and children. Indicators in the child may be physical or behavioral. In the family, indicators include fathers with low self-esteem, poor relationships with wives, tendency to be domineering and restrictive, and mothers who are passive. Immediate and longterm intervention includes legal, protective and treatment components. The essential factors in successful intervention are belief in the child's disclosure; communication of that belief to the child; and immediate protection of the child and siblings. PMID:21286177

Herbert, Carol P.

1982-01-01

450

Sexual socialization and motives for intercourse among Norwegian adolescents  

Microsoft Academic Search

The impact of gender differences in sexual socialization on early sexual experiences among Norwegian adolescents is discussed.\\u000a The material comprises a stratified sample of 920 adolescents ages 16–20 years in a Norwegian county. Data were collected\\u000a by means of questionnaires. Of the respondents, 55.5% were girls and 44.5% were boys. 52.3% of girls and 41.4% of the boys\\u000a had coital

Bente Traeen; Ingela Lundin Kvalem

1996-01-01

451

Conceptualizing positive adolescent sexuality development  

Microsoft Academic Search

Is it possible to conceptualize adolescent sexuality in positive terms? Social control characterizes the cultural strategies\\u000a for managing both adolescence and sexuality, yet social movements have emerged in recent decades that have challenged historical\\u000a social norms and boundaries for both sexuality and adolescence. In this article, developing trends in adolescent sexual experience\\u000a (behavior, attitudes, and knowledge) are examined, as are

Stephen T. Russell

2005-01-01

452

Sexual Harassment: Identifying Risk Factors  

Microsoft Academic Search

A new model of the etiology of sexual harassment,the four-factor model, is presented and compared with several models of sexual harassment including the biological model, the organizational model, the sociocultural model,and the sexrole spillover model. A number of risk factors associated with sexually harassing behavior are examined within the framework of the four-factor model of sexual harassment. These include characteristics

Elizabeth A. O'Hare; William O'Donohue

1998-01-01

453

[Migrant adolescents and sexuality].  

PubMed

Besides its emotional, hormonal and physical components, sexuality has also an important social function. Analyzing these interactions in immigrant adolescents who are challenged at the same time by developmental changes and modified cultural and social rules--especially if they differ from the rules assimilated during childhood--might help professionals to access better comprehension. Personal experience, individual and external resources, whether they are family oriented or professional, are prone to influence on behavior, perception and outcome related to sexual health. The subject is discussed on the base of scientific literature and medical practice. PMID:22787726

Renteria, Saira-Christine

2012-06-13

454

Sexually transmitted diseases.  

PubMed

Sexually transmitted infections (STIs), also referred to as sexually transmitted diseases, remain a growing worldwide problem and public health issue. This article covers the epidemiology of STIs, the history and physical findings, screening guidelines, and the general plan to combat STIs. Prevention is discussed using the latest information from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other references. Infections discussed from the standpoint of cause, epidemiology, risk factors, clinical disease, diagnosis, and treatment include gonorrhea, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis, syphilis, chancroid, Herpes simplex, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale, Herpes papilloma virus, Molluscum contagiosum, and pubic lice. PMID:23958358

Markle, William; Conti, Tracey; Kad, Manjusha

2013-09-01

455

Emergence of clones in sexual populations  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In sexual population, recombination reshuffles genetic variation and produces novel combinations of existing alleles, while selection amplifies the fittest genotypes in the population. If recombination is more rapid than selection, populations consist of a diverse mixture of many genotypes, as is observed in many populations. In the opposite regime, which is realized for example in the facultatively sexual populations that outcross in only a fraction of reproductive cycles, selection can amplify individual genotypes into large clones. Such clones emerge when the fitness advantage of some of the genotypes is large enough that they grow to a significant fraction of the population despite being broken down by recombination. The occurrence of this ‘clonal condensation’ depends, in addition to the outcrossing rate, on the heritability of fitness. Clonal condensation leads to a strong genetic heterogeneity of the population which is not adequately described by traditional population genetics measures, such as linkage disequilibrium. Here we point out the similarity between clonal condensation and the freezing transition in the random energy model of spin glasses. Guided by this analogy we explicitly calculate the probability, Y, that two individuals are genetically identical as a function of the key parameters of the model. While Y is the analog of the spin-glass order parameter, it is also closely related to rate of coalescence in population genetics: two individuals that are part of the same clone have a recent common ancestor.

Neher, Richard A.; Vucelja, Marija; Mezard, Mark; Shraiman, Boris I.

2013-01-01

456

Sexual Risk-Taking in Gay Men: The Relevance of Sexual Arousability, Mood, and Sensation Seeking  

Microsoft Academic Search

This paper examined the relationship of three aspects of personality to sexual risk-taking in gay men: (1) sexual arousability, as propensity for sexual excitation, and propensity for inhibition of sexual arousal in the face of threat (measured by the Sexual Excitation, SES, and Sexual Inhibition, SIS1, SIS2, scales); (2) the relation between negative mood and sexuality; and (3) sensation seeking.

John Bancroft; Erick Janssen; David Strong; Lori Carnes; Zoran Vukadinovic; J. Scott Long

2003-01-01

457

The relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult male sexual dysfunction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Objective: The present study investigated the relationship between childhood sexual abuse and adult sexual dysfunction in men. In addition, the investigation compared sexually abused men and women on the characteristics of the sexual abuse.Method: Subjects were 359 men who sought sexual dysfunction treatment. Thirty men reported a history of sexual abuse. Characteristics of the sexual abuse experienced by these men

Isiaah Crawford; Joseph A. Durlak

1997-01-01

458

Sexual Abuse and Sexual Functioning in a Chronic Pelvic Pain Sample  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Sexual abuse, particularly childhood sexual abuse, has been linked to chronic pelvic pain and to sexual dysfunction, though the sexual functioning of survivors of sexual abuse has not been studied in a chronic pain population. Sixty-three women with chronic pelvic pain completed measures of sexual function, sexual abuse, and pain. Using an index…

Randolph, Mary E.; Reddy, Diane M.

2006-01-01

459

Know Your Rights: Title IX Prohibits Sexual Harassment1 Sexual Violence Where You Go to School  

E-print Network

that creates a hostile environment, the school must take immediate action to eliminate the sexual harassmentKnow Your Rights: Title IX Prohibits Sexual Harassment1 and Sexual Violence Where You Go to School on the basis of sex can include sexual harassment or sexual violence, such as rape, sexual assault, sexual

Logan, David

460

Sexual Assault: TOOLS FOR SAFETY  

E-print Network

Sexual Assault: TOOLS FOR SAFETY KNOWLEDGE FOR CHANGE Information=Power No Means No Learn the Truth Education Wellinformed Support FriendsUnited Sponsors: Center for the Education of Women, Sexual Assault Suggestions to Help Protect Yourself & Others n 10:15 Sexual Violence and Race: A Historical Perspective n 11

Eustice, Ryan

461

Responding to Sexual Assault and  

E-print Network

Responding to Sexual Assault and Relationship Violence at UMBC Revised 06/27/11 #12;2 INTRODUCTION will not be tolerated at UMBC. PURPOSE The UMBC Sexual Assault Policy requires students, faculty and staff to report all incidents of sexual assault. It is the goal of the Voices Against Violence Program to define and coordinate

Maryland, Baltimore County, University of

462

Adolescent sexuality and peer pressure  

Microsoft Academic Search

It appears that adolescents are becoming sexually active at younger ages than in past generations. How much are they influenced by their peers to become sexually active? A study of 89 adolescent girls in a parochial high school in Manhattan showed that adolescent girls are influenced by their peers when they decide to become sexually active; however, they do not

Elizabeth N. Duncan-Ricks

1992-01-01

463

Sexuality Education: Forward or Backward?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reviews guidelines and objectives established by the United States Catholic bishops report on teaching human sexuality, identifying the goal of such education as the "realization of total sexual identity" and affective maturation. Describes workshops designed by the Archdiocese of Los Angeles to train sexuality educators in accordance with the…

Miller, Patricia F.

1993-01-01

464

[Sexual problems in dermatovenereology consultations].  

PubMed

The objective causes of sexual impotency include chronic prostatitis arising from bacterial infection (1/3 of patients have sexual disturbances), congestive prostatitis (owing to sexual hyperstimulation treated with temporary blockage of testosterone), and hemorrhoids. Diabetes, advances tuberculosis, neurological and psychological diseases also negatively impact sexual potency as does alcoholism. The increase of dopamine and the decrease of serotonin stimulate, while the reverse of these reduce sexual activity. Endocrine medicines, drugs that affect the central nervous system, antihypertension drugs, anticoagulants, vincristine, cimetidine, and clofibrate generally lower the libido. Methods to be avoided because of a negative effect on sexual life include coitus interruptus. The intolerance of sensitivity to the sperm of the partner also complicates the sexual life of a couple. Sexual disorders without apparent cause include the lack of harmony, attention, and education about sexual matters. Other disorders can be caused by rape (only 25% of rapists are caught and punished), as 50% of female victims have psychological sequelae with a sexual tone; venereophobia; repulsive cutaneous symptoms; emotional taste; fear of inability to complete the sexual act; timidity or excessive shyness with anxiety about intimacy; and lack of emotional attraction to the partner. Eventually, the lack of a satisfactory sexual life has an effect on the integrity of conjugal life, as it is frequently the cause of divorce. PMID:1823415

Munteanu, M

1991-01-01

465

Adolescent Sexual Behavior and Popularity.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Examined the relationship between popularity and sexual behavior in 1,405 junior high school students. Results showed White males and females with more female friends are more likely to be sexually experienced. There was little relationship between popularity and sexuality in Black adolescents. (JAC)

Newcomer, Susan F.; And Others

1983-01-01

466

Sexual Education for Psychiatric Residents  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Objective: The authors seek to promote sexuality curriculum development in departments of psychiatry. Methods: The authors first focus on educational philosophy about what residents can be taught about sexual topics and then provide numerical and narrative resident evaluation data following a 6-month, half day per week rotation in a sexuality…

Levine, Stephen B.; Scott, David L.

2010-01-01

467

Mass media influences on sexuality  

Microsoft Academic Search

The mainstream mass media (television, magazines, movies, music, and the Internet) provide increasingly frequent portrayals of sexuality. We still know relatively little about how this content is used and how it affects sexual beliefs and behaviors. The few available studies suggest that the media do have an impact because the media keep sexual behavior on public and personal agendas, media

Jane D. Brown

2002-01-01

468

Sexual Harassment of Women Journalists.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Finds that more than 60% of 227 women newspaper journalists believe sexual harassment is at least somewhat a problem for women journalists; more than one-third said harassment has been at least somewhat a problem for them personally; two-thirds experienced nonphysical sexual harassment sometimes; 17% experience physical sexual harassment at least…

Walsh-Childers, Kim; And Others

1996-01-01

469

Can we change sexual orientation?  

PubMed

The self-reports of individuals who claim that they have changed their sexual orientation are either dismissed as false or relied upon to promote sexual orientation change efforts. However, these reactions do not capture the complexity of the sexual reorientation phenomenon. This article provides an overview regarding the promise and effort of sexual reorientation and how this knowledge may inform our current understanding of human sexuality. Specifically, a brief history is given of the interventions used to change attractions to same-sex adults and the assumptions underlying these efforts. Information will be given regarding which conclusions can be derived from sexual reorientation studies. The limitations of these studies will be explained to strengthen future research. Hypotheses will be presented regarding the motivations and needs of those distressed by a same-sex erotic orientation and the impact that the hope of sexual reorientation may have for family members, religious leaders, and policy makers. A multivariate model of sexuality and sexual orientation, including scales of attraction and aversion, will be proposed based upon current understanding of sexuality and the distinctions found in sexual reorientation research. In the end, a therapeutic framework will be highlighted that may be used (and researched) to help those distressed by their sexual orientation. PMID:22350128

Beckstead, A Lee

2012-02-01

470

Sexual Interaction in Nonclinical Couples.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Reports on the sexual functioning and interaction of 58 nonclinical heterosexual couples as measured by the Sexual Interaction System Scale (SISS). On all five SISS factors, the nonclinical sample scored significantly better than persons in therapy for sexual dysfunction; they also reported satisfactory relationship adjustment and high levels of…

Woody, Jane D.; D'Souza, Henry J.

1997-01-01

471

Sexual Trauma, Spirituality, and Psychopathology  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This study assessed the association between spirituality and psychopathology in a group of sexual abuse victims and controls with a focus on whether spirituality moderated the association between sexual trauma and psychopathology. Seventy-one sexual trauma victims were compared to 25 control subjects on spiritual well-being, the Eating Disorder…

Krejci, Mark J.; Thompson, Kevin M.; Simonich, Heather; Crosby, Ross D.; Donaldson, Mary Ann; Wonderlich, Stephen A.; Mitchell, James E.

2004-01-01

472

Sexual harassment in public schools  

Microsoft Academic Search

Looks at the extent and consequences of sexual harassment in US schools. Points out that sexual harassment can occur at a young age and can happen to pupils of either gender. Reports a 1993 survey which indicates the level of sexual harassment taking place within US schools, the circumstances in which it happens, and the form that it takes. Underlines

Li-Min Chuang; Brian H. Kleiner

1999-01-01

473

Peer Facilitators Confront Sexual Harassment.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This article discusses the nature of sexual harassment, focusing on sexual harassment in the schools and examining the extent of the problem. Suggestions for confronting the problem are presented, noting how peer helpers can confront sexual harassment and describing a peer-led unit on the subject. (SM)

Sabella, Russell A.; Myrick, Robert D.

1995-01-01

474

The "Right" Sexuality for Girls  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Feminist researchers in psychology and education have been theorizing about the kind of sexuality girls ought to have. They are not afraid to investigate morality and what makes a good life. While they explore the meaning and cultural context of girls' sexual development, the good sexual life they describe may be an elusive ideal that, in the end,…

Lamb, Sharon

2008-01-01

475

Sexual Harassment in High School.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The frequency of sexually harassing behaviors in a high school setting were examined in this study; differences with regard to gender, level of coercion, and perceptions of what is, or is not, sexual harassment are also addressed. The implication of this study is that sexual harassment is likely to occur frequently, even in secondary schools.…

Heritage, Jeannette; Denton, Wanda L.; West, Beryl

476

Television and Adolescent Sexual Behavior.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A study examined the relationship of the frequency of viewing sexual content on television and the sexual activity among a sample of adolescents. Approximately 600 junior high school students filled out a questionnaire in their homes. Eight items measuring frequency of sexual intercourse and the number of partners formed one factor, which served…

Brown, Jane D.; Gaddy, Gary D.

477

ARBITATION, MEDIATION, AND SEXUAL HARASSMENT  

Microsoft Academic Search

The 1998 Supreme Court decisions in Faragher v. City of Boca Raton and Burlington Industries, Inc. v. Ellerth recognized an affirmative defense to hostile environment sexual harassment claims based in part on the existence of an effective policy prohibitiong sexual harassment in the workplace. The promulgation or refinement of policies prohibiting sexual harassment will likely lead to an increase in

Susan A. FitzGibbon

1999-01-01

478

Naturism and sexuality: broadening our approach to sexual wellbeing.  

PubMed

This study aimed to investigate how people manage their sexuality when practicing naturism in the United Kingdom (UK). Thirty-nine self-identified naturists from across the UK were interviewed. Sexuality, when practicing naturism, was found often to be suppressed through the use of rules, geographical isolation and thoughts and behaviour. Some participants found ways of exploring and enjoying their sexuality by keeping feelings hidden and/or seeking out more sympathetic naturist environments. Naturist environments may offer a unique space in which to explore aspects of our sexuality that are currently pathologised, criminalised or commercialised. This has important implications for sexual health policy and promotion. PMID:18926761

Smith, Glenn; King, Michael

2009-06-01

479

Implementing Explicit and Finding Implicit Sharing in Embedded DSLs  

E-print Network

Aliasing, or sharing, is prominent in many domains, denoting that two differently-named objects are in fact identical: a change in one object (memory cell, circuit terminal, disk block) is instantly reflected in the other. Languages for modelling such domains should let the programmer explicitly define the sharing among objects or expressions. A DSL compiler may find other identical expressions and share them, implicitly. Such common subexpression elimination is crucial to the efficient implementation of DSLs. Sharing is tricky in embedded DSL, since host aliasing may correspond to copying of the underlying objects rather than their sharing. This tutorial summarizes discussions of implementing sharing in Haskell DSLs for automotive embedded systems and hardware description languages. The technique has since been used in a Haskell SAT solver and the DSL for music synthesis. We demonstrate the embedding in pure Haskell of a simple DSL with a language form for explicit sharing. The DSL also has implicit sharing,...

Kiselyov, Oleg

2011-01-01

480

Discrepancies between implicit and explicit motivation and unhealthy eating behavior.  

PubMed

Many people change their eating behavior as a consequence of stress. One source of stress is intrapersonal psychological conflict as caused by discrepancies between implicit and explicit motives. In the present research, we examined whether eating behavior is related to this form of stress. Study 1 (N=53), a quasi-experimental study in the lab, showed that the interaction between the implicit achievement motive disposition and explicit commitment toward an achievement task significantly predicts the number of snacks consumed in a consecutive taste test. In cross-sectional Study 2 (N=100), with a sample of middle-aged women, overall motive discrepancy was significantly related to diverse indices of unsettled eating. Regression analyses revealed interaction effects specifically for power and achievement motivation and not for affiliation. Emotional distress further partially mediated the relationship between the overall motive discrepancy and eating behavior. PMID:20545817

Job, Veronika; Oertig, Daniela; Brandstätter, Veronika; Allemand, Mathias

2010-08-01

481

Implicit motor learning from target error during explicit reach control.  

PubMed

Many studies have shown adapted reaching in the face of altered visual feedback. These studies typically involve iterative corrections to the error induced by the perturbation until relatively normal performance is achieved. Here, we investigate whether adaptation (indexed by aftereffects) can occur when direct corrections to a target are inhibited by giving participants an explicit reach task. During the exposure phase of our study, participants were instructed to undershoot a target that imperceptibly moved between movement onset and movement end. The size of the target displacement was gradually increased, while the instructed undershoot distance was equivalently increased, such that participants were, unknowingly, aiming to the same location throughout exposure. When participants were subsequently instructed to aim at the target during the post-test, they overshot the target, suggesting that adaptation had occurred in the presence of an explicit task and in the absence of direct corrections to the target perturbation. PMID:20820762

Cameron, Brendan D; Franks, Ian M; Inglis, J Timothy; Chua, Romeo

2010-09-01

482

On explicit algebraic stress models for complex turbulent flows  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Explicit algebraic stress models that are valid for three-dimensional turbulent flows in noninertial frames are systematically derived from a hierarchy of second-order closure models. This represents a generalization of the model derived by Pope who based his analysis on the Launder, Reece, and Rodi model restricted to two-dimensional turbulent flows in an inertial frame. The relationship between the new models and traditional algebraic stress models -- as well as anistropic eddy visosity models -- is theoretically established. The need for regularization is demonstrated in an effort to explain why traditional algebraic stress models have failed in complex flows. It is also shown that these explicit algebraic stress models can shed new light on what second-order closure models predict for the equilibrium states of homogeneous turbulent flows and can serve as a useful alternative in practical computations.

Gatski, T. B.; Speziale, C. G.

1992-01-01

483

Highly stable explicit technique for stiff reaction-transport PDEs  

SciTech Connect

The numerical simulation of chemically reacting flows is a topic that has attracted a great deal of current research. At the heart of numerical reactive flow simulations are large sets of coupled, nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). Due to the stiffness that is usually present, explicit time differencing schemes are not used despite their inherent simplicity and efficiency on parallel and vector machines, since these schemes require prohibitively small numerical stepsizes. Implicit time differencing schemes, although possessing good stability characteristics, introduce a great deal of computational overhead necessary to solve the simultaneous algebraic system at each timestep. This paper proposes an algorithm based on a preconditioned time differencing scheme. The algorithm is explicit and permits a large stable time step. A study of the algorithm's performance on a parallel architecture is presented.

Aro, C. J., LLNL

1996-12-01

484

Explicitly Coupled Governing Equations of THMC Processes in Subsurface Media  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To simulate comprehensively coupled processes of thermal-hydrology-mechanics-chemistry (THMC), governing equations are needed for transport of an arbitrary number of chemical species, hydrological flow of an arbitrary number of fluid and solid phases, displacement, and temperature. These governing equations are supplemented with Darcy's law for fluid phase velocities, constraints on species concentrations, equation of states, and constitutive laws. Conventionally, these equations are implicitly coupled via the calculations of secondary variables based on primary variables. The mechanisms of coupling are obscured. In this paper, we present explicitly coupled governing equations for primary variables. The coupling is accomplished via the storage coefficients, effective transporting velocities, and equivalent conduction-dispersion-diffusion coefficient tensors, one set each for every primary variable. With this new system of equations, the coupling mechanisms become crystal and clear. Physical interpretations of every term in the coupled equations will be discussed. Examples will be employed to demonstrate the intuition and superiority of these explicitly coupled governing equations.

Tsai, C.; Yeh, G.

2013-12-01

485

HIV prevention, structural change and social values: the need for an explicit normative approach  

PubMed Central

Background The fact that HIV prevention often deals with politicised sexual and drug taking behaviour is well known, but structural HIV prevention interventions in particular can involve alteration of social arrangements over which there may be further contested values at stake. As such, normative frameworks are required to inform HIV prevention decisions and avoid conflicts between social goals. Methods This paper provides a conceptual review and discussion of the normative issues surrounding structural HIV prevention strategies. It applies political and ethical concepts to explore the contested nature of HIV planning and suggests conceptual frameworks to inform future structural HIV responses. Results HIV prevention is an activity that cannot be pursued without making value judgements; it is inherently political. Appeals to health outcomes alone are insufficient when intervention strategies have broader social impacts, or when incidence reduction can be achieved at the expense of other social values such as freedom, equality, or economic growth. This is illustrated by the widespread unacceptability of forced isolation which may be efficacious in preventing spread of infectious agents, but conflicts with other social values. Conclusions While no universal value system exists, the capability approach provides one potential framework to help overcome seeming contradictions or value trade-offs in structural HIV prevention approaches. However, even within the capability approach, valuations must still be made. Making normative values explicit in decision making processes is required to ensure transparency, accountability, and representativeness of the public interest, while ensuring structural HIV prevention efforts align with broader social development goals as well. PMID:22713355

Parkhurst, Justin O

2012-01-01

486

Explicit Substitutions and HigherOrder Syntax Neil Ghani 1 and Tarmo Uustalu 2  

E-print Network

syntactic construction is that of explicit substitutions. The syntax of a language with explicit of variables. Nevertheless we show that the language given by a standard signature # and explicit substitutionsExplicit Substitutions and Higher­Order Syntax Neil Ghani 1 and Tarmo Uustalu 2 1 Dept. of Math

Ghani, Neil

487

Explicit Environments (Extended abstract) Masahiko Sato1, Takafumi Sakurai2, and Rod Burstall3  

E-print Network

functional language th* *at has explicit environments. We understand that a functional language is pure that the language is computationally well-behaved. What do we mean by explicit environments? An explicit). Without the purity conditions, there are already several languages with explicit environments

Sakurai, Takafumi

488

Explicit and Implicit Bullying Attitudes in Relation to Bullying Behavior  

Microsoft Academic Search

The main aim of this study was to examine whether an assessment of implicit bullying attitudes could add to the prediction\\u000a of bullying behavior after controlling for explicit bullying attitudes. Primary school children (112 boys and 125 girls, M age?=?11 years, 5 months) completed two newly developed measures of implicit bullying attitudes (a general Implicit Association\\u000a Test on bullying and a movie-primed

Anne A. J. van Goethem; Ron H. J. Scholte; Reinout W. Wiers

2010-01-01

489

Explicit relative performance evaluation in performance-vested equity grants  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using data from FTSE 350 firms, we examine factors influencing explicit relative performance evaluation (RPE) conditions in\\u000a performance-vested equity grants. We provide exploratory evidence on whether the use or characteristics of RPE are associated\\u000a with efforts to improve incentives by removing common risk, other economic factors discussed in the RPE literature, or external\\u000a pressure to implement RPE. We find that

Mary Ellen Carter; Christopher D. Ittner; Sarah L. Center Zechman

2009-01-01

490

NFFLOW: A reservoir simulator incorporating explicit fractures (SPE 153890)  

SciTech Connect

NFFLOW is a research code that quickly and inexpensively simulates flow in moderately fractured reservoirs. It explicitly recognizes fractures separately from rock matrix. In NFFLOW fracture flow is proportional to the pressure gradient along the fracture, and flow in the rock matrix is determined by Darcy’s Law. The two flow mechanisms are coupled through the pressure gradient between a fracture and its adjacent rock matrix. Presented is a promising change to NFFLOW that allows for flow across a rock matrix block.

Boyle, E.J.; Sams, W.N.

2012-01-01

491

A highly stable explicit integration technique for computational continuum mechanics  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

A user-oriented subroutine package is built around a highly stable explicit integration algorithm for solution of large order systems of ordinary differential equations, as result from discretization of initial-boundary value problems in continuum mechanics. Fast and accurate solutions, for problems in laminar and turbulent, two and three-dimensional viscous flow fields and multi-dimensional transient heat transfer, are presented using this algorithm, as embodied within a general purpose finite element computer program.

Baker, A. J.

1973-01-01

492

Explicit Magnification Control of Self-Organizing Maps for \\  

Microsoft Academic Search

In this paper, we examine the scope of validity of the explicit self-organizing map (SOM) magnification control scheme of Bauer (1996) on data for which the theory does not guarantee success, namely data that are n-dimensional, nges2, and whose components in the different dimensions are not statistically independent. The Bauer algorithm is very attractive for the possibility of faithful representation

Erzsébet Merényi; Abha Jain; Thomas Villmann

2007-01-01

493

CRITICAL THINKING AND COMPUTER SCIENCE: IMPLICIT AND EXPLICIT CONNECTIONS  

E-print Network

Critical thinking is an essential skill for an educated society. Our experience as computer science educators in an environment with an explicit emphasis on critical thinking has led us to investigate the connection between the two. We describe examples of how critical thinking skills can be developed throughout the computer science curriculum, and suggest future avenues where the connection between critical thinking and computer science could be fruitfully explored. 1.

Barry Fagin; Jim Harper; Leemon Baird; Steve Hadfield; Ricky Sward

494

Explicit solutions for exit-only radioactive decay chains  

SciTech Connect

In this study, we extended Bateman's [Proc. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 15, 423 (1910)] original work for solving radioactive decay chains and explicitly derived analytic solutions for generic exit-only radioactive decay problems under given initial conditions. Instead of using the conventional Laplace transform for solving Bateman's equations, we used a much simpler algebraic approach. Finally, we discuss methods of breaking down certain classes of large decay chains into collections of simpler chains for easy handling.

Yuan, Ding; Kernan, Warnick [Remote Sensing Laboratory, P.O. Box 98521, M/S RSL-44, Las Vegas, Nevada 89193-8521 (United States)

2007-05-01

495

Automating Molecular Docking with Explicit Receptor Flexibility Using Scientific Workflows  

Microsoft Academic Search

Computer assisted drug design (CADD) is a process involving the execution of many computer programs, ensuring that the ligand\\u000a binds optimally to its receptor. This process is usually executed using shell scripts which input parameters assignments and\\u000a result analyses are complex and time consuming. Moreover, receptors and ligands are naturally flexible molecules. In order\\u000a to explicitly model the receptor flexibility

Karina S. Machado; Evelyn K. Schroeder; Duncan D. Ruiz; Osmar Norberto De Souza

2007-01-01

496

Explicit photochemical mechanism for atmospheric oxidation of n-butane  

SciTech Connect

Alkanes, being an important component of atmosphere, serve as precursors to ozone formation in urban and rural air masses. An explicit photochemical oxidation mechanism for n-butane, which is the major hydrocarbon component of automobile exhaust, is created in this work. The yields of organic nitrates from n-butane, n-pentane, and methyl ethyl ketone photooxidations were studied in Teflon bag and smog chamber experiments. Comparing with the expression currently using the most atmospheric model studies, the total butyl nitrates yield obtained in this work is about 36% lower, and the ratio of primary to secondary butyl nitrates is slightly higher. It is shown in this work that the yields of hydroxyl and carbonyl butyl nitrates are very low, and can be ignored in the explicit photochemical mechanisms. The explicit photochemical oxidation mechanism for methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) was created first because it is the major product from photooxidation of n-butane. The explicit photochemical oxidation mechanism for n-butane, created later, draws on the MEK mechanism. The mechanisms were tested by comparing model predictions with experimental observations from smog chamber experiments. The comparisons were conducted for species which had experimental observation data, such as O[sub 3], NO, and NO[sub 2], n-butane, MEK, organic nitrates, and aldehydes species. The sixteen smog chamber experiments, used in model simulations, were conducted during 1978 to 1992. The mechanisms are mainly based on the available kinetic data in literature and the experimental result in this work. The rate constants for some reactions in the mechanisms were adjusted to make a better fit with the experimental observations. These reactions were: reaction of OH and n-butane to form secondary butyl peroxy radical, decomposition of secondary butoxy radical, and reaction of OH and MEK.

Wen, L.

1992-01-01

497

The Use of Explicit Plans to Guide Inductive Proofs  

Microsoft Academic Search

We propose the use of explicit proof plans to guide the search for a proof in automatic theoremproving. By representing proof plans as the specifications of LCF-like tactics, [Gordon et al 79],and by recording these specifications in a sorted meta-logic, we are able to reason about theconjectures to be proved and the methods available to prove them. In this way

Alan Bundy

1988-01-01

498

Sexual communication and sexual behavior among young adult heterosexual latinos.  

PubMed

We examined verbal sexual health communication, pleasure discussions, and physical sexual communication in relation to condom use by young adult, heterosexual Latinos (ages 18-30 years). Participants (N = 220, 51% female) were recruited in a Midwestern state. Verbal sexual health communication was positively associated with consistent condom use among men (odds ratio [OR] = 2.66, p < .05) and women (OR = 3.12, p < .05). For men, pleasure discussions were negatively associated with consistent condom use (OR = 0.21, p < .05). For women, verbal sexual health communication was positively associated with condom use at last sex (OR = 2.75, p < .05), whereas physical sexual communication was negatively associated with condom use at last sex (OR = .29, p < .05). Various aspects of sexual communication may be important in HIV-prevention programs with young Latinos. Physical sexual communication and pleasure discussions, in particular, warrant further exploration given negative relationships with condom use. PMID:25305027

Alvarez, Carmen; Bauermeister, José A; Villarruel, Antonia M

2014-01-01

499

The relationship between sexual selection and sexual conflict.  

PubMed

Evolutionary conflicts of interest arise whenever genetically different individuals interact and their routes to fitness maximization differ. Sexual selection favors traits that increase an individual's competitiveness to acquire mates and fertilizations. Sexual conflict occurs if an individual of sex A's relative fitness would increase if it had a "tool" that could alter what an individual of sex B does (including the parental genes transferred), at a cost to B's fitness. This definition clarifies several issues: Conflict is very common and, although it extends outside traits under sexual selection, sexual selection is a ready source of sexual conflict. Sexual conflict and sexual selection should not be presented as alternative explanations for trait evolution. Conflict is closely linked to the concept of a lag load, which is context-dependent and sex-specific. This makes it possible to ask if one sex can "win." We expect higher population fitness if females win. PMID:25038050

Kokko, Hanna; Jennions, Michael D

2014-09-01

500

Sexual Coercion and Sexual Violence at First Intercourse Associated with Sexually Transmitted Infections  

PubMed Central

Background Violence against women has been associated with subsequent risky sexual behaviors and sexually transmitted infections. We explored whether sexual coercion or violence at first intercourse was associated with self-reported sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Methods Using nationally representative data from the 2006–2010 National Survey of Family Growth, we analyzed female respondents ages 18–44 (n=9,466) who answered questions on coercion at first intercourse (wantedness, voluntariness and types of force used) and STIs using logistic regression analyses. We explored degrees of coercion, which we label as neither, sexual coercion (unwanted or nonphysical force), or sexual violence (involuntary or physical force). Results Eighteen percent of US women reported sexual coercion and 8.4% experienced sexual violence at first intercourse. Compared with women who experienced neither, the odds of reporting a STI was significantly greater for women who experienced sexual coercion (OR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.01–1.60), after controlling for all variables. The association between sexual violence at first intercourse and STIs (OR: 1.20, 95% CI: 0.91–1.57) appeared to be attenuated by subsequent sexual violence. Conclusions Understanding that women who reported a variety of coercive sexual experiences are more likely to have contracted an STI may indicate a need to focus on the broader continuum of sexual violence to fully understand the impact of even subtle forms of violence on women’s health. In addition, focusing on subsequent sexual behaviors and other negative consequences remains important in order to improve the sexual health of women who have experienced coercive sexual intercourse. PMID:24275726

Williams, Corrine M.; Clear, Emily R.; Coker, Ann L.

2014-01-01