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1

At Odds: Concerns Raised by Using Odds Ratios for Continuous or Common Dichotomous Outcomes in Research on Physical Activity and Obesity  

PubMed Central

Purpose Research on obesity and the built environment has often featured logistic regression and the corresponding parameter, the odds ratio. Use of odds ratios for common outcomes such obesity may unnecessarily hinder the validity, interpretation, and communication of research findings. Methods We identified three key issues raised by the use of odds ratios, illustrating them with data on walkability and body mass index from a study of 13,102 New York City residents. Results First, dichotomization of continuous measures such as body mass index discards theoretically relevant information, reduces statistical power, and amplifies measurement error. Second, odds ratios are systematically higher (further from the null) than prevalence ratios; this inflation is trivial for rare outcomes, but substantial for common outcomes like obesity. Third, odds ratios can lead to incorrect conclusions during tests of interactions. The odds ratio in a particular subgroup might higher simply because the outcome is more common (and the odds ratio inflated) compared with other subgroups. Conclusion Our recommendations are to take full advantage of continuous outcome data when feasible and to use prevalence ratios in place of odds ratios for common dichotomous outcomes. When odds ratios must be used, authors should document outcome prevalence across exposure groups.

Lovasi, Gina S.; Underhill, Lindsay J.; Jack, Darby; Richards, Catherine; Weiss, Christopher; Rundle, Andrew

2012-01-01

2

NUCLEAR PHYSICS: Some Electromagnetic Transition Properties of Odd-A Europium Isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we analyze the positive parity of states of odd-A Eu isotopes within the framework of interacting boson fermion model (IBFM-1). The result of an IBFM-1 multilevel calculation with the 3s1/2, 2d3/2, 2d5/2, and 1g7/2 single particle orbits is reported for the positive parity states of the odd-A Eu isotopes. Also, an IBM-1 calculation is presented for the low-lying states in the even-even 152-154Sm core nucleus. The energy levels and B(E2) transition probabilities are calculated and compared with the experimental data. It is found that the calculated positive parity low spin state energy spectra of the odd-A Eu isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.

Resit Yazar, Harun; Uluer, Ihsan; Ünalo?lu, Volkan; Ya?ar, Sinan

2010-04-01

3

Dynamical symmetries for odd-odd nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Recent work for developing dynamical symmetries and supersymmetries is reviewed. An accurate description of odd-odd nuclei requires inclusion of the fermion-fermion force (the residual interaction) and the distinguishing of fermion configurations which are particle like and those which are hole like. A parabolic dependence of the proton-neutron multiplet in odd-odd nuclei is demonstrated. It is shown that a group structure for Bose-Fermi symmetries can be embedded in a supergroup. These methods are used to predict level schemes for Au-196 and Au-198. 11 refs., 3 figs.

Balantekin, A.B.

1986-01-01

4

Odd + Odd = Odd: Is It Possible?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

In this article, the authors explore the reasons why some mathematical functions are referred to as odd, and others as even. They start by recalling the definitions of both functions. Simply stated, the value of an even function is the same for a number and its opposite, whereas the value of an odd function changes for the opposite number when the…

Sinitsky, Ilya; Zazkis, Rina; Leikin, Roza

2011-01-01

5

CP-odd nucleon potential  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The P-odd and CP-odd nucleon potential for different models of CP violation in the one-meson exchange approximation is studied. It is shown that the main contribution is due to the ?-meson exhcange which leads to a simple one-parameter CP-odd nucleon potential.

Gudkov, V. P.; He, Xiao-Gang; McKellar, Bruce H. J.

1993-05-01

6

ATOMIC AND MOLECULAR PHYSICS: Investigation of odd-parity Rydberg states of Eu I with autoionization detection  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Isolated-core-excitation (ICE) scheme and autoionization detection are employed to study the bound Rydberg states of europium atom. The high-lying states with odd parity have been measured using the autoionization detection method with three different excitation paths via 4f76s6p[8P5/2], 4f76s6p[8P7/2] and 4f76s6p[8P9/2] intermediate states, respectively. In this paper the spectra of bound Rydberg states of Eu atom are reported, which cover the energy regions from 36000 cm-1 to 38250 cm-1 and from 38900 cm-1 to 39500 cm-1. The study provides the information about level energy, the possible J values and relative line intensity as well as the effective principal quantum number n* for these states. This work not only confirms the previous results of many states, but also discovers 11 new Rydberg states of Eu atom.

Xiao, Ying; Dai, Chang-Jian; Qin, Wen-Jie

2009-10-01

7

Odd-odd nuclei around A = 184.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

An experiment has been performed in beam via the (sup 165)Ho((sup 24)Mg,5n)(sup 184)Au reaction using the 'Chateau de Cristal' multi-detector in Orsay. We have identified in (sup 184)Au some structures already observed in the neighboring odd-odd nuclei. (...

F. Ibrahim C. Bourgeois P. Kilcher A. Korichi F. Le Blanc

1992-01-01

8

Structure of odd-odd ^112I  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spin states in ^112I have been studied using the ^58Ni(^58Ni,3pn) reaction at 250 MeV. The experimental set-up consisted of GAMMASPHERE with 83 75-80%-efficient HPGe detectors coupled with the MICROBALL and an array of 15 NE213 scintillators for neutron detection. Coincident-triples cubes gated by 3p, 4p and 3pn were sorted and analysed. DCO matrices are being extracted for spin information. A preliminary level scheme has been built consisting of six high spin ?I=2 sequences and a weak ?I=1 band. The interpretation of the observed structures is aided by comparisons with systematic properties of the neighboring odd-odd and odd isotopes and odd isotones; new information for ^111Te extracted from the 4pn channel of this study is helpful in this regard. With the Fermi level for both the protons and neutrons being in the vicinity of the d_5/2, g_7/2 and h_11/2 orbitals, the ?h_11/2øtimes ?h_11/2 configuration competes for the yrast level sequence in neutron defficient odd-odd Iodines, showing in ^116I and ^118I signature inversion consistent with odd-odd Cs, La, Pr systematics. Possible structure assignments in ^112I will be discussed.

Starosta, K.; Chiara, C. J.; Fossan, D. B.; Lafosse, D. R.; Lane, G. J.; Sears, J. M.; Smith, J. F.; Devlin, M.; Sarantites, D. G.; Lee, I.-Y.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Boston, A. J.; Paul, E. S.

1998-04-01

9

The Book of Odds  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

An online book of probabilities relevant to everyday life, the Book of Odds contains thoroughly researched odds on accidents and death, daily life and activities, health and illness, relationships and society. Articles, blogs, and numerical probability statements, all written in formats friendly to the general reader, are presented here on each of the topics. This reference source contains hundreds of thousands of Odds Statements, from the odds of being the only one to survive a plane crash, to the odds of having a heart attack, to the odds of having ever eaten cold pizza for breakfast. Overall, its mission is to increase the public's understanding of probability.

2006-01-01

10

Odd Statistics in Odd Dimensions for Odd Couplings  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We consider the response of a uniformly accelerated monopole detector that is coupled non-linearly to the nth power of a quantum scalar field in (D + 1)-dimensional flat spacetime. We show that, when (D + 1) is even, the response of the detector in the Minkowski vacuum is characterized by a Bose-Einstein factor for all n. Whereas, when (D + 1) is odd, we find that a Fermi-Dirac factor appears in the detector response when n is odd, but a Bose-Einstein factor arises when n is even. We emphasize the point that, since, along the accelerated trajectory, the Wightman function and, as a result, the (2n)-point function satisfy the Kubo-Martin-Schwinger condition (as required for a scalar field) in all dimensions, the appearance of a Fermi-Dirac factor (instead of the expected Bose-Einstein distribution) for odd(D + 1) and n reflects a peculiar feature of the detector rather than imply a fundamental change in field theory.

Sriramkumar, L.

11

Signature Inversion in Odd Odd Deformed Nuclei.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of an energy inversion of the signatures of a rotational band in odd-odd deformed nuclei is clear in a number of ?h_11/2?h_11/2 bands in A=120-130 nuclei and ?h_11/2?i_13/2 bands around A=160. In the latter region, the effect is strongest around N=90 and decreases with larger N, suggesting to some that this is related to a ? effect.(R. Bengtsson, et al.) Nucl. Phys. A415, 189 (1984). Our new data on rotational bands in ^164Tm from a uc(nordball) experiment indicate that the signature inversion is almost absent for the yrast ?h_11/2?i_13/2 band, but present in three other structures, including the ?h_9/2?i_13/2 band. The selective origin of this effect can be explained in a particle-rotor calculation through the inclusion of a p-n residual interaction.

Riedinger, L. L.; Reviol, W.; Jin, H. Q.; Zhang, J. Y.; Bark, R. A.; Hagemann, G. B.; Semmes, P. B.

1997-04-01

12

Exceptional Structures in the Odd-Odd Nucleus 250Md  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The low-energy two-quasiparticle bandhead energies for the odd-odd Z=101 nucleus 250Md are evaluated using a zero range residual neutron-proton interaction. The 250Md ground state is seen to have the spin-parity I?=0- corresponding to the singlet band from the configuration {p : 7/2[514]?n:7/2[624]} in violation of the Gallagher-Moszkowski (GM) coupling rule. The situation here is shown to be almost identical to that for the rare-earth nucleus 166Ho, which is the only well-established exception to the GM rule known so far. Analysis of the expected low energy spectrum, including the rotational levels, for 250Md reveals the occurrence of an as-yet-unobserved long-lived high-spin I? = 7- isomeric state around (80+/-30) keV with dominant ? and ? decay modes.

Sood, P. C.; Sainath, M.; Venkataramaniah, K.

13

Odd perfect numbers have at least nine distinct prime factors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An odd perfect number, N , is shown to have at least nine distinct prime factors. If 3nmid N then N must have at least twelve distinct prime divisors. The proof ultimately avoids previous computational results for odd perfect numbers.

Nielsen, Pace P.

2007-12-01

14

Quadrupole moments of odd-odd near-magic nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ground state quadrupole moments of odd-odd near-double-magic nuclei are calculated in the approximation of non-interacting odd neutron and odd proton. Under such a simple approximation the problem is reduced to the calculations of quadrupole moments of corresponding odd-even nuclei. These calculations are performed within the self-consistent Theory of Finite Fermi Systems based on the Energy Density Functional by Fayans et al. with the known DF3-a parameters. A reasonable agreement with the available experimental data is obtained for odd-odd nuclei and odd near-magic nuclei investigated. The self-consistent approach under consideration allowed us to predict the unknown quadrupole moments of odd-even and odd-odd nuclei near the double-magic 56,78Ni, 100,132Sn nuclides.

Voitenkov, D.; Achakovskiy, O.; Kamerdzhiev, S.; Tolokonnikov, S.

2012-12-01

15

Odd or Even?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students can use this interactive Flash applet to practice identifying odd and even numbers. The applet displays a Venn diagram with two loops and a set of number tiles. Users sort the numbers into the correct loops with regard to parity and then check their work. Users can choose to sort numbers in three ranges: 1 to 10, 1 to 30, or 1-100.

Bunker, Dan

2010-01-01

16

Odd Tic Tac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This variation of Tic Tac Toe develops students' strategic thinking. Two players, one using 1s and the other using 0s, take turns entering their numbers into the cells of a 3 by 3 grid. The winner is the first to complete three in a row with an odd sum. The game can be played on paper with a friend or against the computer with the interactive applet. The interactive version allows a user to choose which number to play with and whether to go first or second, providing an opportunity to refine strategy by reflecting on how these choices affect the outcome.

2000-03-01

17

Odd numbers of photons and teleportation  

SciTech Connect

Several teleportation protocols, namely those using entangled coherent states, entangled squeezed states, and the single-photon Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen state, are all shown to be particular instances of a more general scheme that relies on the detection of an odd number of photons.

Enk, S.J. van [Bell Labs, Lucent Technologies, 600-700 Mountain Avenue, Murray Hill, New Jersy 07974 (United States)

2003-02-01

18

Reflection asymmetry in odd-A and odd-odd actinium nuclei.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Theoretical calculations and measurements indicate that octupole correlations are at a maximum in the ground states of the odd-proton nuclei Ac and Pa. It has been expected that odd-odd nuclei should have even larger amount of octupole-octupole correlatio...

I. Ahmad

1993-01-01

19

Flavor Dependence of T-odd PDFs  

SciTech Connect

The flavor dependence of the naive time reversal odd ("T-odd'') parton distributions for $u$- and $d$-quarks are explored in the spectator model. The flavor dependence of $h_{1}^{\\perp}$ is of significance for the analysis of the azimuthal $\\cos(2\\phi)$ asymmetries in unpolarized SIDIS and DY-processes, as well as for the overall physical understanding of the distribution of transversely polarized quarks in unpolarized nucleons. As a by-product of the formalism, we calculate the chiral-odd but ``T-even'' function $h_{1L}^{\\perp}$ which enables us to present a prediction for the single spin asymmetry $A_{UL}^{\\sin(2\\phi)}$ for a longitudinally polarized target in SIDIS.

Leonard P. Gamberg; Gary R. Goldstein; Marc Schlegel

2007-04-20

20

Odd Ramanujan Sums of Complex Roots of Unity  

Microsoft Academic Search

A special class of odd-symmetric length-4N periodic signals is studied, and it is shown how the odd Ramanujan sums are used as weighting coefficients to compute their pure imaginary discrete Fourier transform (DFT) integer-valued coefficients. The odd Ramanujan sum, being the sums of complex roots of unity, can be calculated either using closed-form formulas or computed recursively through the impulse

Soo-Chang Pei; Kuo-Wei Chang

2007-01-01

21

Nuclear structure in odd-odd nuclei, 144<=A<=194  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A comprehensive review of the present understanding, both theoretical and experimental, of intrinsic and rotational level structures in medium-heavy deformed odd-odd nuclei is presented. A discussion of the various experimental methods is presented, emphasizing the need for a variety of experimental approaches. The odd-odd nuclei that are immediately amenable to fruitful additional study are pointed out. A discussion of the intrinsic level structures, Gallagher-Moszkowski (GM) splittings, Newby (N) shifts, and role of the residual p-n interaction is presented. Currently available data in the rare-earth region allow the empirical determination of 137 GM splittings and 36 N shifts for 25 odd-odd nuclei in the mass region 152<=A<=188. A new parametrization of the residual p-n interaction is presented which also takes into account the 27 GM splittings and 12 N shifts from the actinide region. Newly discovered features of rotational bands, such as odd-even staggering, and other high-spin phenomena, such as signature inversion and delay in bandcrossing frequency, are discussed. The role of higher-order Coriolis coupling is pointed out. Systematics of the two-quasiparticle excitations, shape coexistence, isomers, and four-quasiparticle states are presented. Calculated results of the two-quasiparticle intrinsic excitations using two methods, the intrinsic level spacings for odd-A neighboring nuclei and the quasiparticle-plus-phonon coupling model, are compared with experiment.

Jain, A. K.; Sheline, R. K.; Headly, D. M.; Sood, P. C.; Burke, D. G.; Hr?vnácová, I.; Kvasil, J.; Nosek, D.; Hoff, R. W.

1998-07-01

22

Odds of observing the multiverse  

SciTech Connect

Eternal inflation predicts that our observable universe lies within a bubble (or pocket universe) embedded in a volume of inflating space. The interior of the bubble undergoes inflation and standard cosmology, while the bubble walls expand outward and collide with other neighboring bubbles. The collisions provide either an opportunity to make a direct observation of the multiverse or, if they produce unacceptable anisotropy, a threat to inflationary theory. The probability of an observer in our bubble detecting the effects of collisions has an absolute upper bound set by the odds of being in the part of our bubble that lies in the forward light cone of a collision; in the case of collisions with bubbles of identical vacua, this bound is given by the bubble nucleation rate times (H{sub O}/H{sub I}){sup 2}, where H{sub O} is the Hubble scale outside the bubbles and H{sub I} is the scale of the second round of inflation that occurs inside our bubble. Similar results were obtained by Freigovel et al. using a different method for the case of collisions with bubbles of much larger cosmological constant; here, it is shown to hold in the case of collisions with identical bubbles as well.

Dahlen, A. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Department of Physics, Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey 08544 (United States)

2010-03-15

23

Odds of observing the multiverse  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Eternal inflation predicts that our observable universe lies within a bubble (or pocket universe) embedded in a volume of inflating space. The interior of the bubble undergoes inflation and standard cosmology, while the bubble walls expand outward and collide with other neighboring bubbles. The collisions provide either an opportunity to make a direct observation of the multiverse or, if they produce unacceptable anisotropy, a threat to inflationary theory. The probability of an observer in our bubble detecting the effects of collisions has an absolute upper bound set by the odds of being in the part of our bubble that lies in the forward light cone of a collision; in the case of collisions with bubbles of identical vacua, this bound is given by the bubble nucleation rate times (HO/HI)2, where HO is the Hubble scale outside the bubbles and HI is the scale of the second round of inflation that occurs inside our bubble. Similar results were obtained by Freigovel et al. using a different method for the case of collisions with bubbles of much larger cosmological constant; here, it is shown to hold in the case of collisions with identical bubbles as well.

Dahlen, A.

2010-03-01

24

Simultaneous Description of Even-Even, Odd-Mass and Odd-Odd Nuclear Spectra  

SciTech Connect

The orthosymplectic extension of the Interacting Vector Boson Model (IVBM) is used for the simultaneous description of the spectra of different families of neighboring heavy nuclei. The structure of even-even nuclei is used as a core on which the collective excitations of the neighboring odd-mass and odd-odd nuclei are built on. Hence, the spectra of the odd-mass and odd-odd nuclei arise as a result of the consequent and self-consistent coupling of the fermion degrees of freedom of the odd particles, specified by the fermion sector SO{sup F}(2OMEGA) subset of OS{sub p}(2OMEGA/12, R), to the boson core which states belong to an Sp{sup B}(12, R) irreducible representation.The theoretical predictions for different low-lying collective bands with positive and negative parity for two sets of neighboring nuclei with distinct collective properties are compared with experiment and IBM/IBFM/IBFFM predictions. The obtained results reveal the applicability of the used dynamical symmetry of the model.

Ganev, H. G.; Georgieva, A. I. [Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria)

2010-01-21

25

Structure of the yrast band in the odd-odd deformed nucleus Pm156  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The six-level sequence deduced for the odd-odd nucleus Pm156 in the high-spin studies following spontaneous fission of Cf252 is shown to constitute the K?=4+ yrast band having the two-quasiparticle configuration {p:5/2[532] + n:3/2[521]}. Spin parities I?=4+ through 9+ are assigned to the earlier suggested six levels. The location and the decay ?’s of the 10+ level of this band are indicated. It is also pointed out that there are no ? rays common to these postfission high-spin spectra and those seen in the Nd156 ?-decay studies.

Sood, P. C.; Sai, K. Vijay; Gowrishankar, R.; Sainath, M.

2011-05-01

26

Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds  

PubMed Central

Environmental factors—especially soil properties—have been suggested as potentially important in the transmission of infectious prion diseases. Because binding to montmorillonite (an aluminosilicate clay mineral) or clay-enriched soils had been shown to enhance experimental prion transmissibility, we hypothesized that prion transmission among mule deer might also be enhanced in ranges with relatively high soil clay content. In this study, we report apparent influences of soil clay content on the odds of prion infection in free-ranging deer. Analysis of data from prion-infected deer herds in northern Colorado, USA, revealed that a 1% increase in the clay-sized particle content in soils within the approximate home range of an individual deer increased its odds of infection by up to 8.9%. Our findings suggest that soil clay content and related environmental properties deserve greater attention in assessing risks of prion disease outbreaks and prospects for their control in both natural and production settings.

David Walter, W.; Walsh, Daniel P.; Farnsworth, Matthew L.; Winkelman, Dana L.; Miller, Michael W.

2011-01-01

27

Enhanced T-odd, P-odd electromagnetic moments in reflection asymmetric nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Collective P- and T-odd moments produced by parity and time invariance violating forces in reflection asymmetric nuclei are considered. The enhanced collective Schiff, electric dipole, and octupole moments appear due to the mixing of rotational levels of opposite parity. These moments can exceed single-particle moments by more than 2 orders of magnitude. The enhancement is due to the collective nature of the intrinsic moments and the small energy separation between members of parity doublets. In turn these nuclear moments induce enhanced T- and P-odd effects in atoms and molecules. A simple estimate is given and a detailed theoretical treatment of the collective T-, P-odd electric moments in reflection asymmetric, odd-mass nuclei is presented. In the present work we improve on the simple liquid drop model by evaluating the Strutinsky shell correction and include corrections due to pairing. Calculations are performed for octupole deformed long-lived odd-mass isotopes of Rn, Fr, Ra, Ac, and Pa and the corresponding atoms. Experiments with such atoms may improve substantially the limits on time reversal violation. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Spevak, V.; Auerbach, N. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Flambaum, V.V. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, NSW (Australia)

1997-09-01

28

Nonadiabatic effects in odd-odd deformed proton emitters  

SciTech Connect

We present for the first time, the nonadiabatic quasiparticle approach to study proton emission from odd-odd deformed nuclei. Coriolis effects are incorporated in both the parent and daughter wavefunctions and hence our formalism allows us to study their complete role on the decay widths. First results obtained for the nucleus {sup 112}Cs suggest a weak dependance on Coriolis effect. However, we are able to reproduce the experimental half-lives without assuming the exact Nilsson orbital from which the decay proceeds.

Patial, M.; Jain, A. K. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247 667 (India); Arumugam, P. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand 247 667 (India); Centro de Fisica das Interaccoes Fundamentais, and Departmento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais, P1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal); Maglione, E. [Dipartimento di Fisica ''G. Galilei'', Via Marzolo 8, I-35131 Padova, Italy and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Padova (Italy); Ferreira, L. S. [Centro de Fisica das Interaccoes Fundamentais, and Departmento de Fisica, Instituto Superior Tecnico, Avenida Rovisco Pais, P1049-001 Lisbon (Portugal)

2011-11-30

29

Signature inversion in odd-odd deformed nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The occurrence of an energy inversion of the signatures of a rotational band in odd-odd deformed nuclei is discussed. A survey of this signature inversion in ?h(11)/(2)?h(11)/(2) bands in A = 120 - 130 nuclei is given, and also for the ?h(11)/(2)?i(13)/(2) bands around A = 160. New data on 164Tm indicates that the signature inversion is almost absent for the yrast ?h(11)/(2)?i(13)/(2) band, but present in three other structures. Suggestions for the selective origin of this effect is given in terms of a particle-rotor calculation.

Riedinger, L. L.; Jin, H. Q.; Reviol, W.; Zhang, J.-Y.; Bark, R. A.; Hagemann, G. B.; Semmes, P. B.

30

Signature inversion phenomena in odd-odd 182Au  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-spin states in the odd-odd 182Au nucleus have been investigated using the 152Sm(35Cl, 5n?)182Au reaction through X-? and ?-?-t coincidence measurements. Rotational bands based on the ?h9/2??i13/2 and ?i13/2??i13/2 configurations have been identified. It is found that the two bands show characteristics of low-spin signature inversion. The observed signature inversion can be well reproduced by pairing-deformation self-consistent cranking Woods-Saxon calculations.

Zhang, Y. H.; Xu, F. R.; He, J. J.; Liu, Z.; Zhou, X. H.; Gan, Z. G.; Hayakawa, T.; Oshima, M.; Toh, T.; Shizuma, T.; Katakura, J.; Hatsukawa, Y.; Matsuda, M.; Kusakari, H.; Sugawara, M.; Furuno, K.; Komatsubara, T.; Une, T.; Wen, S. X.; Wang, Z. M.

31

Excited states of the odd-odd nucleus 230Pa  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The completely unknown spectrum of excited states of the odd-odd nucleus 230Pa was studied employing the one-neutron transfer reaction 231Pa(d,t)230Pa at a beam energy of 22 MeV. The excitation energy and the cross section were measured for, in total, 81 states below 1.4 MeV. Level assignments of these states are based on a semiempirical model and comparison with theoretical predictions, based on distorted-wave Born approximation (DWBA) calculations for the cross sections. For 12 rotational bands the band-head energy and the rotational parameter are determined. The K quantum numbers and the Nilsson configurations are established. Empirical values for the Gallagher-Moszkowski splittings and for Newby shifts are obtained.

Kotthaus, T.; Reiter, P.; Hess, H.; Kalkühler, M.; Wendt, A.; Wiens, A.; Hertenberger, R.; Morgan, T.; Thirolf, P. G.; Wirth, H.-F.; Faestermann, T.

2013-04-01

32

High-spin states in odd-odd 174Re  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-spin states in the odd-odd 174Re have been investigated via the 152Sm(27Al, 5n?)174Re reaction with the help of excitation function, x-?, and ?-? coincidence measurements. Five rotational bands have been observed and their configurations were assigned based on alignments, band crossing frequencies, electromagnetic properties, and the estimated bandhead excitation energies. Low-spin signature inversion has been identified in the two-quasiparticle bands built on ?h11/2??i13/2, ?h9/2??i13/2, and ?1/2-[541]??5/2-[512] configurations. E2 interband transitions were analyzed with band-mixing calculations giving information on shapes and shape driving effects for the bands of interest.

Guo, S.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhou, X. H.; Liu, M. L.; Guo, Y. X.; Qiang, Y. H.; Fang, Y. D.; Lei, X. G.; Ma, F.; Oshima, M.; Toh, Y.; Koizumi, M.; Osa, A.; Kimura, A.; Hatsukawa, Y.; Sugawara, M.; Kusakari, H.

2012-07-01

33

An integrated genetic, radiation hybrid, physical and transcription map of a region of distal mouse chromosome 12, including an imprinted locus and the ‘Legs at odd angles’ ( Loa) mutation  

Microsoft Academic Search

A variety of loci with interesting patterns of regulation such as imprinted expression, and critical functions such as involvement in tumour necrosis factor pathways, map to a distal portion of mouse chromosome 12. This region also contains disease related loci including the ‘Legs at odd angles’ mutation (Loa) that we are pursuing in a positional cloning project. To further define

Abi S Witherden; Majid Hafezparast; Sharon J Nicholson; Azlina Ahmad-Annuar; Nessan Bermingham; Demet Arac; Joanna Rankin; Marjan Iravani; Simon Ball; Jo Peters; Joanne E Martin; Derek Huntley; Holger Hummerich; Marek Sergot; Elizabeth M. C Fisher

2002-01-01

34

Isobaric analog states in odd-odd nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We calculate the excitation energies of Isobaric Analog states in selected odd-odd nuclei. We use the formula for e.g. ^96Ag E*(J=0^+T=2)= BE(^96Ag) - BE( ^96Pd) +VC where VC=E1 Z / A^(1/3) + E2 ; E1 =1.441 MeV ; E2 =-1.06 MeV. We list the following in MeV. ( ?(BE),VC,E*(calc), E*(single j),E* (multij shell model), Experiment) ^44Sc (4.435, 7.308, 2.873, 3.047, 3.418, 2.779) ^46Sc (2.160, 7.148, 5.024 , 4.949, 5.250, 5.022 ) ^52Mn (5..494, 8.399, 2.905, 2.774, 2.731, 2.926) ^60Cu ( 6.910, 9.430, 2.520, 2.235, 2.726 2.536 ) ^94Rh (10.386, 13.043, 2.657, 1.990 , 3.266,.........) ^96Ag (12.342, 13.574, 1.142, 0.900, 1.9172,........) The experimental energies of the isobaric analog states are known for the lighter nuclei but not for ^94Rh or ^96Ag. If we use the semi-empirical mass formula of Wapstra (2003) one gets the excitation energy in ^96Ag to be 0.367 MeV.

Zamick, Larry; Sharon, Yitzhak; Robinson, Shadow; Escuderos, Alberto

2013-04-01

35

Structure of the yrast band in the odd-odd deformed nucleus {sup 156}Pm  

SciTech Connect

The six-level sequence deduced for the odd-odd nucleus {sup 156}Pm in the high-spin studies following spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf is shown to constitute the K{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} yrast band having the two-quasiparticle configuration {l_brace}p:5/2[532]+ n:3/2[521]{r_brace}. Spin parities I{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} through 9{sup +} are assigned to the earlier suggested six levels. The location and the decay {gamma}'s of the 10{sup +} level of this band are indicated. It is also pointed out that there are no {gamma} rays common to these postfission high-spin spectra and those seen in the {sup 156}Nd {beta}-decay studies.

Sood, P. C.; Sai, K. Vijay; Gowrishankar, R. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515134 (India); Sainath, M. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515134 (India); Department of Physics, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Hyderabad (AP) 500032 (India)

2011-05-15

36

Analysis of the consistency of parity-odd nonbirefringent modified Maxwell theory  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

There exist two deformations of standard electrodynamics which describe Lorentz symmetry violation in the photon sector: CPT-odd Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory and CPT-even modified Maxwell theory. In this article, we focus on the parity-odd nonbirefringent sector of modified Maxwell theory. It is coupled to a standard Dirac theory of massive spin-1/2 fermions resulting in a modified quantum electrodynamics (QED). This theory is discussed with respect to properties such as microcausality and unitarity, where it turns out that these hold. Furthermore, a priori, the limit of the theory for vanishing Lorentz-violating parameters seems to be discontinuous. The modified photon polarization vectors are interweaved with preferred spacetime directions defined by the theory, and one vector even has a longitudinal part. That structure remains in the limit mentioned. Since it is not clear whether or not this behavior is a gauge artifact, the cross section for a physical process—modified Compton scattering—is calculated numerically. Despite the numerical instabilities occurring for scattering of unpolarized electrons off polarized photons in the second physical polarization state, it is shown that for Lorentz-violating parameters much smaller than one, the modified cross sections approach the standard QED results. Analytical investigations strengthen the numerical computations. Hence, the theory proves to be consistent, at least with regard to the investigations performed. This leads to the interesting outcome of the modification being a well-defined parity-odd extension of QED.

Schreck, M.

2012-09-01

37

Chiral Bands in Odd-Odd Triaxially Deformed Nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In rotational bands built on high-j single-particle orbitals in odd-odd nuclei having triaxial shapes, the angular momenta of the valence proton, the valence neutron, and the collective rotation tend to align along the perpendicular axes of the triaxial core. This occurs when the Fermi level is low within the proton (neutron) subshell, but high within the neutron (proton) subshell resulting in their angular momenta oriented along the short and long axes, respectively. The core angular momentum is oriented along the intermediate axis because it has the largest moment of inertia according to the model of irrotational flow. These three mutually perpendicular vectors can be arranged to form two systems which differ by intrinsic chirality, a left- and a right-handed system; the two systems cannot be transformed into each other by rotation or space inversion, but are related by an operator, which involves time reversal. Chirality resulting from orthogonal coupling of angular momenta is unique to rotational bands in atomic nuclei since these are the only systems where a significant part of the total spin results from single-particle contributions. In relation to time reversal, chirality is a novel example of spontaneous symmetry breaking, on the same level as octupole deformation in relation to space inversion. The main experimental fingerprint of chirality in nuclear rotation is the doubling of states in rotational bands. ? I=1 doublet-band structures with remarkably similar experimental characteristics, recently observed for N=75 and N=73 isotones in the A ~130 region, have been interpreted as chiral-band partners built on the ?h_11/2?h_11/2 configuration. Additional transition rate information is being investigated both experimentally and theoretically. The description of the chiral partner bands based on the microscopic Tilted Axis Cranking approach in the intrinsic, body-fixed reference frame and phenomenological core-particle coupling in the laboratory reference frame will be discussed.

Starosta, K.

2001-10-01

38

Decay of the odd-odd N=Z nuclide {sup 78}Y  

SciTech Connect

The odd-odd N=Z nuclide, {sup 78}Y has been produced in the {sup 40}Ca({sup 40}Ca,pn) reaction at 125 MeV. Recoiling fragments separated by their A/Q values were implanted onto the tape of a moving tape collector and transported to a shielded position between two plastic {beta} detectors and two Ge {gamma}-ray detectors where {beta}-{gamma} coincidences were recorded as a function of time. {gamma} rays with energies of 279 (100{percent}), 504 (90{percent}), and 713 (40{percent}) keV, previously identified as yrast transitions in daughter {sup 78}Sr, were observed and found to decay with a half-life of 5.8 (6) s. From the relative intensities of the {gamma}-rays, a spin and parity of 5{sup +} and T=0 are assigned to the parent state in {sup 78}Y undergoing {beta} decay. A production cross section of 4{plus_minus}1{mu}b has been determined for {sup 78}Y by comparison of the counting rates with those of other reaction products with known cross sections. An upper limit of 500 keV can be set for the energy of this level relative to a possible highly deformed T=1 0{sup +} ground state. From this limit, it can be inferred that T=1 pn pairing is considerably quenched relative to such pairing in adjacent odd-odd N=Z {sup 74}Rb. Two-quasiparticle rotor model calculations have been used to account for the structure of {sup 78}Y and adjacent nuclides. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Uusitalo, J.; Seweryniak, D.; Greene, J.; Davids, C.N.; Lister, C.J. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois60439 (United States); Seweryniak, D.; Rikovska, J.; Ressler, J.J.; Walters, W.B. [Department of Chemistry, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland20742 (United States); Mantica, P.F.; Huhta, M. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan48824 (United States); Rikovska, J. [Physics Department, Oxford University, OxfordOX13PU (United Kingdom); Brenner, D.S.; Tomlin, B. [Department of Chemistry, Clark University, Worcester, Massachusetts01610 (United States)

1998-05-01

39

On vibrational states in deformed odd-A nuclei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The equations for the description of vibrational states in deformed odd-A nuclei are obtained within the quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model. In these equations the Pauli principle is taken into account in the quasiparticle plus phonon components of the wave functions. It is shown that if in these components the Pauli principle is not violated or is slightly violated, the corresponding vibrational

V. G. Soloviev; V. O. Nesterenko; S. I. Bastrukov

1983-01-01

40

Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-09-15

41

Level density fluctuations and characterization of chaos in the realistic model spectra for odd-odd nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Statistical properties of the realistic energy spectra of the odd-odd nuclei106Ag,198Au,134Cs,40K and94Rb, calculated within the Interacting Boson Fermion Fermion Model, are investigated by means of the ? 3 statistics and the Nearest Neighbor Spacing Distribution method. New probability distribution function, which describes well the calculated results and enables the characterization of chaos with a physically meaningfull parameter, is proposed. Level spacing fluctuations of the examined nuclei exhibit the transitional behavior between Poisson and GOE limits, revealing different degrees of chaoticity in their dynamics.

Lopac, V.; Brant, S.; Paar, V.

1996-12-01

42

On stability of odd-frequency superconducting state  

SciTech Connect

Odd-frequency pairing mechanism has been investigated for several decades. Nevertheless the properties of such superconducting phase as well as its thermodynamic stability have remained unclear. In particular it has been argued by numerous authors that the odd-frequency state is thermodynamically unstable, has an unphysical Meissner effect (at least within the mean-field approximation), and therefore can not exist as a homogeneous phase in equilibrium physical systems. We argue that such a conclusion is incorrect because it relies on an inappropriate assumption that the odd-frequency superconductor can be described by an effective Hamiltonian that breaks the U(l) symmetry. We show that the odd-frequency state can be appropriately formulated within the functional integral representation by using the effective action to describe such a superconducting state within the mean field approximation. We find that the odd-frequency superconductor is thermodynamically stable and exhibits ordinary Meissner effect, and therefore, in principle, it can be realized in equilibrium solid state systems.

Lenov, Bmitry [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martin, Ivar [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mozyrsky, Dima [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

43

Towards even and odd squeezed number states  

SciTech Connect

The time evolution of even and odd squeezed states, as well as that of squeezed number states, has been given in simple, analytic form. This follows experimental work on trapped ions which has demonstrated even and odd coherent states, number states, and squeezed (but not displaced) ground states. The authors review this situation and consider the extension to even and odd squeezed number states. Questions of uncertainty relations are also discussed.

Nieto, M.M. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States). Theoretical Div.]|[Universitaet Ulm (Germany). Abteilung fuer Quantenphysik

1998-03-01

44

Odd tracks at hadron colliders.  

PubMed

New physics that exhibits irregular tracks such as kinks, intermittent hits, or decay in flight may easily be missed at hadron colliders. We demonstrate this by studying viable models of light, O(10??GeV), colored particles that decay predominantly inside the tracker. Such particles can be produced at staggering rates, and yet, may not be identified or triggered on at the LHC, unless specifically searched for. In addition, the models we study provide an explanation for the original measurement of the anomalous charged track distribution by CDF. The presence of irregular tracks in these models reconcile that measurement with the subsequent reanalysis and the null results of ATLAS and CMS. Our study clearly illustrates the need for a comprehensive study of irregular tracks at the LHC. PMID:22861836

Meade, Patrick; Papucci, Michele; Volansky, Tomer

2012-07-17

45

Nuclear Structure of Deformed Odd-Odd Nuclei: Experimental and Theoretical Investigations.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Previous surveys of experimental level structure in deformed odd-odd nuclei have been updated with recent results for the lanthanide and actinide regions. The relative strengths of the effective neutron-proton interaction derived from these data are compa...

A. K. Jain P. C. Sood R. K. Sheline R. W. Hoff

1988-01-01

46

We discuss the potentialities of the non-standard interaction study via the Higgs boson production at photon ( and e) colliders. We estimate the scale of New Physics phenomena beyond the SM that can be seen in the experiments with Higgs boson production. In particular, the effect of new heavy particles within the SM is shown to be quite observable  

Microsoft Academic Search

The discovery of the Higgs boson (H) is the key prob- lem of modern particle physics. A crucial point for the Standard Model (SM), the Higgs boson remains elusive in the experiments being conducted currently. It is ex- pected that the colliders of a new generation will have enough energy and lathe enough luminosity integral to discover a Higgs boson

A. T. Banin; I. F. Ginzburg; I. P. Ivanov

47

Social Adjustment among Taiwanese Children with Symptoms of ADHD, ODD, and ADHD Comorbid with ODD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This study examined social problems at school and relationships with peers, siblings, mothers, and fathers among children with ADHD only (n = 41), ODD only (n = 14), ADHD + ODD (n = 47), and normal controls (n = 204) from a school-based sample of 2,463 first to ninth graders in Taiwan. ADHD and ODD symptoms were determined by teacher and mother…

Tseng, Wan-Ling; Kawabata, Yoshito; Gau, Susan Shur-Fen

2011-01-01

48

Distributional Borel Summability of Odd Anharmonic Oscillators  

Microsoft Academic Search

It is proved that the divergent Rayleigh-Schrodinger perturbation expansions\\u000afor the eigenvalues of any odd anharmonic oscillator are Borel summable in the\\u000adistributional sense to the resonances naturally associated with the system.

Emanuela Caliceti

1999-01-01

49

Topology Explains Why Automobile Sunshades Fold Oddly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automobile sunshades always fold into an "odd" number of loops. The explanation why involves elementary topology (braid theory and linking number, both explained in detail here with definitions and examples), and an elementary fact from algebra about symmetric group.

Feist, Curtis; Naimi, Ramin

2009-01-01

50

Topology Explains Why Automobile Sunshades Fold Oddly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Automobile sunshades always fold into an "odd" number of loops. The explanation why involves elementary topology (braid theory and linking number, both explained in detail here with definitions and examples), and an elementary fact from algebra about symmetric group.|

Feist, Curtis; Naimi, Ramin

2009-01-01

51

Detail of southeast corner and pipes, shown along California Avenue; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Detail of southeast corner and pipes, shown along California Avenue; camera facing north. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Central Power Plant, California Avenue, norhtwest corner of California Avenue & Seventh Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

52

Error statistics in a high-speed fibreoptic communication line with a phase shift of odd bits  

SciTech Connect

The propagation of optical pulses through a fibreoptic communication line with a phase shift of odd bits is directly numerically simulated. It is shown that simple analytic expressions approximate well the error probability. The phase shift of odd bits in the initial sequence is statistically shown to decrease significantly the error probability in the communication line. (fibreoptic communication lines)

Shapiro, Elena G [Institute of Automation and Electrometry, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosibirsk (Russian Federation)

2009-11-30

53

Extremal charged rotating black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Employing higher order perturbation theory, we obtain charged rotating black holes in odd dimensions, where the Einstein-Maxwell Lagrangian may be supplemented with a Chern-Simons term. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta. For Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory with arbitrary Chern-Simons coupling constant, we perform the perturbations up to 3rd order for any odd dimension. We discuss the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge. In particular, we show that the gyromagnetic ratio g of Einstein-Maxwell black holes differs from the lowest order perturbative value D-2, and that the first correction term to g/(D-2) is universal.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departmento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-07-15

54

Social Adjustment Among Taiwanese Children with Symptoms of ADHD, ODD, and ADHD Comorbid with ODD  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study examined social problems at school and relationships with peers, siblings, mothers, and fathers among children\\u000a with ADHD only (n = 41), ODD only (n = 14), ADHD + ODD (n = 47), and normal controls (n = 204) from a school-based sample of 2,463 first to ninth graders in Taiwan. ADHD and ODD symptoms were determined by teacher\\u000a and mother reports on the Conners’ Rating Scales and social

Wan-Ling Tseng; Yoshito Kawabata; Susan Shur-Fen Gau

2011-01-01

55

4. NORTH SIDE, AND ROOF, EASTERNMOST CAMERA STAND SHOWN IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. NORTH SIDE, AND ROOF, EASTERNMOST CAMERA STAND SHOWN IN RIGHT MIDDLE DISTANCE. Looking west from top of protective berm near Air Supply building. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base Sled Track, Firing Control Blockhouse, South of Sled Track at east end, Lancaster, Los Angeles County, CA

56

9. Tower building. Hot water tap floor shown. Mixing vat ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Tower building. Hot water tap floor shown. Mixing vat at center level. Juices mix and flow and left lower level. Copper kettles are down below view level. Looking toward front of building. - Tivoli-Union Brewery, 1320-1348 Tenth Street, Denver, Denver County, CO

57

Contextual view of building 271 from across the river shown ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Contextual view of building 271 from across the river shown at center between coal sheds at left and building 91 at right; camera facing northwest. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Mechanics Shop, Waterfront Avenue, west side between A Street & Third Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

58

White Matter Development during Adolescence as Shown by Diffusion MRI  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|Previous volumetric developmental MRI studies of the brain have shown white matter development continuing through adolescence and into adulthood. This review presents current findings regarding white matter development and organization from diffusion MRI studies. The general trend during adolescence (age 12-18 years) is towards increasing…

Schmithorst, Vincent J.; Yuan, Weihong

2010-01-01

59

9. WEST ELEVATION OF EAST WING. SHOWN FROM LEFT TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. WEST ELEVATION OF EAST WING. SHOWN FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: CISTERN TOWER, BOILER CHIMNEY AND LARGE CHIMNEYS FROM BISCUIT KILNS 4 & 5. - Moravian Pottery & Tile Works, Southwest side of State Route 313 (Swamp Road), Northwest of East Court Street, Doylestown, Bucks County, PA

60

83. WEST ELEVATION OF EAST WING. SHOWN FROM LEFT TO ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

83. WEST ELEVATION OF EAST WING. SHOWN FROM LEFT TO RIGHT: CISTERN TOWER, BOILER CHIMNEY AND LARGE CHIMNEYS FROM BISCUIT KILNS 4 & 5. SAME VIEW AS PA-107-9. - Moravian Pottery & Tile Works, Southwest side of State Route 313 (Swamp Road), Northwest of East Court Street, Doylestown, Bucks County, PA

61

59. DETAIL OF THIRD PAYLOAD CONTROL PANEL IN CONSOLE SHOWN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

59. DETAIL OF THIRD PAYLOAD CONTROL PANEL IN CONSOLE SHOWN IN CA-133-1-A-58. NOTE 20-CHANNEL COMMUNICATIONS PANEL IN FOREGROUND. - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA

62

M1-transitions and the mutual orientation of the unpaired nucleons in odd-odd nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Experimental lifetimes and branching ratios B(M1)/ B(E2) are used to determine reduced M1-transition probabilities between collective-band levels with ?I=1 in102, 104, 106Ag and in the odd-odd isotopes of La, Pr, Pm and Tl. The extracted B(M1) values are compared with calculations in the framework of the quasiclassical approximation and the model “axial rotor+two quasiparticles“. The reduced M1-transition probabilities along with the magnetic moments were found to depend on the mutual orientation of the angular momenta of the unpaired nucleons in the odd-odd nuclei.

Levon, A. I.; de Boer, J.; Pasternak, A. A.; Volkov, D. A.

1992-06-01

63

Anomalous Signature Splitting of the pih 1/2 otimesnui 3/2 Band in A~ 160 Odd Odd Nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Systematic features of anomalous signature splitting of the pih 11/2otimesnui 13/2 band in A~160 odd-odd nuclei have been investigated. It is shown that the mechanism of anomalous signature splitting is similar to that of the normal signature splitting which is essentially caused by the Coriolis mixing of Omega = 1/2 components into the nuclear wavefunction and the anomalous splitting in signature is mainly caused by the definition. The extensively observed anomalous signature splitting in this band might be an indication that the interaction between the h 11/2 proton and the i 13/2 neutron cannot be neglected. The new observation of high- and low-K bands based on the same pih 11/2otimesnui 13/2 configuration in 164Tm is also discussed.

Yang, Chun-Xiang; Zhou, Hong-Yu

2003-12-01

64

CPT-Odd resonances in neutrino oscillations  

PubMed

We consider the consequences for future neutrino factory experiments of small CPT-odd interactions in neutrino oscillations. The nu(&mgr;)-->nu(&mgr;) and nu;(&mgr;)-->nu;(&mgr;) survival probabilities at a baseline L = 732 km can test for CPT-odd contributions at orders of magnitude better sensitivity than present neutrino sector limits. Interference between the CPT-violating interaction and CPT-even mass terms in the Lagrangian can lead to a resonant enhancement of the oscillation amplitude. For oscillations in matter, a simultaneous enhancement of both neutrino and antineutrino oscillation amplitudes is possible. PMID:11102185

Barger; Pakvasa; Weiler; Whisnant

2000-12-11

65

CPT -Odd Resonances in Neutrino Oscillations  

SciTech Connect

We consider the consequences for future neutrino factory experiments of small CPT -odd interactions in neutrino oscillations. The {nu}{sub {mu}}{yields}{nu}{sub {mu}} and {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}}{yields} {bar {nu}}{sub {mu}} survival probabilities at a baseline L=732 km can test for CPT -odd contributions at orders of magnitude better sensitivity than present neutrino sector limits. Interference between the CPT -violating interaction and CPT -even mass terms in the Lagrangian can lead to a resonant enhancement of the oscillation amplitude. For oscillations in matter, a simultaneous enhancement of both neutrino and antineutrino oscillation amplitudes is possible.

Barger, V.; Pakvasa, S.; Weiler, T. J.; Whisnant, K.

2000-12-11

66

Chirality as a Window Into Triaxiality:. Odd-Odd CS Isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Systematic trends of reduced transition probabilities within ?h11/2??h11/2 doublet bands in odd-odd Cs isotopes are interpreted as a result of selection rules unique to chiral geometries. Calculated B(E2) and B(M1) strengths based on a particle/hole plus triaxial rotor model with ?=30° are presented.

Koike, T.; Starosta, K.; Chiara, C. J.; Fossan, D. B.; Vaman, C.

2003-12-01

67

Some Results on Odd Astral Configurations  

Microsoft Academic Search

An astral conguration (pq;nk) is a collection of p points and n straight lines in the Euclidean plane where every point has q straight lines passing through it and every line has k points lying on it, with precisely b q+1 2 c symmetry classes (transitivity classes) of lines and b k+1 2 c symmetry classes of points. An odd

Leah Wrenn Berman

2006-01-01

68

Nuclear spectroscopy of odd Te isotopes  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The odd-A Te isotopes, 119-131Te, have been investigated via (d,p), (pvec,p), (dvec,t), (3He,?) and (n,?) reactions. The application of polarized deuterons in the (d,p) and (d,t) reaction allowed us to construct essentially complete level schemes with spin and parities up to about 2÷3 MeV. On the other hand, the measurement of ?-? coincidences in the (n,?) reaction enable us to place most of the ? transitions in the decay schemes of the odd Te isotopes. The experimental systematics of both positive and negative parity low-lying states for the whole odd Te chain are reasonably well described with Interacting Boson-Fermion Model-1 with an essentially constant boson-fermion interaction. The combination of the neutron transfer reactions and (n,?) reaction helps us to understand the origin of the anomalous population of the long-lived isomers in odd-A Te isotopes. The evidence for the direct process mechanism in 127Te, 129Te and 131Te was observed. .

Tomandl, I.; Bondarenko, V.; Bucurescu, D.; Honzátko, J.; von Egidy, T.; Wirth, H.-F.; Graw, G.; Hertenberger, R.; Metz, A.; Eisermann, Y.

2000-07-01

69

Confusion between Odds and Probability, a Pandemic?  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|This manuscript discusses the common confusion between the terms probability and odds. To emphasize the importance and responsibility of being meticulous in the dissemination of information and knowledge, this manuscript reveals five cases of sources of inaccurate statistical language imbedded in the dissemination of information to the general…

Fulton, Lawrence V.; Mendez, Francis A.; Bastian, Nathaniel D.; Musal, R. Muzaffer

2012-01-01

70

Optimal Independent Spanning Trees on Odd Graphs  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of multiple independent spanning trees (ISTs) for data broadcasting in networks provides a number of advantages, including\\u000a the increase of fault-tolerance and bandwidth. The designs of multiple ISTs on several classes of networks have been widely\\u000a investigated. In this paper we show a construction algorithm of ISTs on odd graphs, and we analyze that all the lengths of\\u000a the paths

Jong-Seok Kim; Hyeong-Ok Lee; Eddie Cheng; László Lipták

2011-01-01

71

Decline in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Odds of Incident Depression  

PubMed Central

Background Studies of physical activity and incidence of physician-diagnosed depression have been limited to a single estimate of self-reported physical activity exposure, despite follow-up periods lasting many years. Purpose To examine longitudinal change in cardiorespiratory fitness, an objective marker of habitual physical activity, and incident depression complaints made to a physician. Methods Cardiorespiratory fitness assessed at four clinic visits between 1971 and 2006, each separated by an average of 2–3 years, was used to objectively measure cumulative physical activity exposure in cohorts of 7936 men and 1261 women, aged 20–85 years, from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study who did not complain of depression at their first clinic visit in 1971–2003. Data were analyzed in August 2010. Results Across subsequent visits, there were 446 incident cases in men and 153 cases in women. After adjustment for age, time between visits, BMI at each visit, and fitness at Visit 1, each 1-minute decline in treadmill endurance (i.e., a decline in cardiorespiratory fitness of approximately 1 half-MET) between ages 51 and 55 years in men and ages 53 and 56 years in women, increased the odds of incident depression complaints by approximately 2% and 9.5%, respectively. The increased odds remained significant but were attenuated to 1.3% and 5.4% after further adjustment at each visit for smoking, alcohol use, chronic medical conditions, anxiety, and sleep problems. Conclusions Maintenance of cardiorespiratory fitness during late middle-age, when decline in fitness typically accelerates, helps protect against the onset of depression complaints made to a physician.

Dishman, Rodney K.; Sui, Xuemei; Church, Timothy S.; Hand, Gregory A.; Trivedi, Madhukar H.; Blair, Steven N.

2012-01-01

72

Risk Taking and Sensitivity to Punishment in Children with ADHD, ODD, ADHD+ODD, and Controls  

Microsoft Academic Search

We used the Balloon Analog Risk Task (BART) to examine risk taking and sensitivity to punishment, two relevant aspects of\\u000a behavioral inhibition, in 203 school-age children with attention-deficit\\/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant\\u000a disorder (ODD), ADHD+ODD, and controls. Participants earned points on the BART by pumping 30 separate balloons that exploded\\u000a at variable intervals. No points were earned on a trial

Kathryn L. Humphreys; Steve S. Lee

73

Study of Even-Even/Odd-Even/Odd-Odd Nuclei in Zn-Ga-Ge Region in the Proton-Neutron IBM/IBFM/IBFFM  

SciTech Connect

We study the even-even, odd-even and odd-odd nuclei in the region including Zn-Ga-Ge in the proton-neutron IBM and the models derived from it: IBM2, IBFM2, IBFFM2. We describe {sup 67}Ga, {sup 65}Zn, and {sup 68}Ga by coupling odd particles to a boson core {sup 66}Zn. We also calculate the beta{sup +}-decay rates among {sup 68}Ge, {sup 68}Ga and {sup 68}Zn.

Yoshida, N. [Faculty of Informatics, Kansai University, Takatsuki 569-1095 (Japan); Brant, S. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia); Zuffi, L. [Dipartimento di Fisica dell'Universita di Milano and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Milano, Via Celoria 16, Milano 20133 (Italy)

2009-08-26

74

odd-skipped homologs function during gut development in C. elegans.  

PubMed

Genes in the odd-skipped (odd) family encode a discrete subset of C2H2 zinc finger proteins that are widely distributed among metazoan phyla. Although the initial member (odd) was identified as a Drosophila pair-rule gene, various homologs are expressed within each of the three germ layers in complex patterns that suggest roles in many pathways beyond segmentation. To further investigate the evolutionary history and extant functions of genes in this family, we have initiated a characterization of two homologs, odd-1 and odd-2, identified in the genome of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans. Sequence comparisons with homologs from insects (Drosophila and Anopheles) and mammals suggest that two paralogs were present within an ancestral metazoan; additional insect paralogs and both extant mammalian genes likely resulted from gene duplications that occurred after the split between the arthropods and chordates. Analyses of gene function using RNAi indicate that odd-1 and odd-2 play essential and distinct roles during gut development. Specific expression of both genes in the developing intestine and other cells in the vicinity of the gut was shown using GFP-reporters. These results indicate primary functions for both genes that are most like those of the Drosophila paralogs bowel and drumstick, and support a model in which gut specification represents the ancestral role for genes in this family. PMID:14648222

Buckley, Martin S; Chau, Johnnie; Hoppe, Pamela E; Coulter, Douglas E

2003-11-27

75

Abelian zero modes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We show that the Loss-Yau zero modes of the 3d-Abelian-Dirac operator may be interpreted in a simple manner in terms of a stereographic projection from a 4d-Dirac operator with a constant field strength of definite helicity. This is an alternative to the conventional viewpoint involving Hopf maps from S{sup 3} to S{sup 2}. Furthermore, our construction generalizes in a straightforward way to any odd dimension. The number of zero modes is related to the Chern-Simons number in a nonlinear manner.

Dunne, Gerald V.; Min, Hyunsoo [Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2008-09-15

76

T-odd correlations in ( n, ??) reactions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The T-odd correlation ( k ? · [ ? × k ?])( k ? · k ?), where ? is the vector of the neutron polarization and the symbols k denote the respective linear momenta (all vectors are unit ones), in the sequential alpha-gamma cascade induced by a thermal-neutron capture is studied. The study is performed in the one-resonance approximation. Both the final-state interaction of the alpha particle with the residual nucleus and the actual T-noninvariant phase shift are considered as possible origins of the correlation. The problem of suitable target isotopes is analyzed. Related correlations in other neutron- and proton-induced reactions are discussed.

Okunev, I. S.; Tchuvil'sky, Yu. M.

2013-09-01

77

Fighting the odds in the UK.  

PubMed Central

Caroline Richmond reports on miscellaneous winners and losers from the health care scene in the United Kingdom. The winners include a young patient who is holding her own against formidable medical odds after receiving heroic treatment for leukemia, and the country's osteopaths, who have won the right to compile a statutory register. The losers are the venerable St. Bartholomew's Hospital, which appears to have lost its battle to stay open, and a 32-year-old man who almost made it to medical school by posing as a teenager.

Richmond, C

1996-01-01

78

Ehffektivnyj gamil'tonian modeli SU(3) nechetnykh yader. (Effective Hamiltonian in the SU(3) model of odd nuclei).  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

It is shown that a study of the spectrum of rotational excitations and of quadrupole transitions probabilities in odd nuclei can be reduced to the problem of diagonalizing an effective Hamiltonian constructed as an operator polinomial of the operators of ...

V. I. Avramenko

1988-01-01

79

Chiral odd structure functions from a chiral soliton  

SciTech Connect

We calculate the chiral odd quark distributions and the corresponding structure functions h{sub T}(x,Q{sup 2}) and h{sub L}(x,Q{sup 2}) within the Nambu{endash}Jona-Lasinio chiral soliton model for the nucleon. The Q{sup 2} evolution of the twist-2 contributions is performed according to the standard GLAP formalism while the twist-3 piece {bar h}{sub L}(x) is evolved according to the large N{sub C} scheme. We carry out a comparison between the chiral odd structure functions of the proton and the neutron. At the low model scale (Q{sub 0}{sup 2}) we find that the leading twist effective quark distributions f{sub 1}{sup (q)}(x,Q{sub 0}{sup 2}), g{sub 1}{sup (q)}(x,Q{sub 0}{sup 2}) and h{sub T}{sup (q)}(x,Q{sub 0}{sup 2}) satisfy Soffer{close_quote}s inequality for both quark flavors q=u,d. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}

Gamberg, L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Oklahoma, 440 West Brooks Avenue, Norman, Oklahoma 73019-0225 (United States); Reinhardt, H.; Weigel, H. [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Tuebingen University, Auf der Morgenstelle 14, D-72076 Tuebingen (Germany)

1998-09-01

80

High-spin states of odd-odd nuclei in the A˜170 mass region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Efforts have been made in our group to study the band structure of odd-odd nuclei in the A˜170 mass region. We aimed at providing new data of high-spin states and searching for the low-spin signature inversion in the 2-qp bands built on the ?h??i and ?i??i configurations. In this talk, main results of our work will be summarized, and some systematic features of signature inversion discussed. The spin and parity assignments for the ?i??i band in 184Au could be regarded as firm providing a good example for systematic and theoretical investigations.

Zhang, Y. H.

2010-03-01

81

Chiral bands in odd-odd nuclei with rigid or soft cores  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Properties of chiral bands in an odd-odd nucleus, which is treated as a system of an even-even core and a pair of particles in the ?h 11/2 ? ?h 11/2 -1 configuration, are calculated in the frame of the Core-Particle-Hole Coupling (CPHC) model with either a rigid triaxial or a soft core. The results of calculations for the two different cores are compared. The properties of the nucleus with the rigid, maximally triaxial ( ? = 30°and with the entirely soft core are qualitatively very similar.

Droste, Ch.; Rohozi?ski, S. G.; Starosta, K.; Próchniak, L.; Grodner, E.

2009-10-01

82

High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus 146Tb  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The odd-odd 146Tb nucleus has been investigated using the 115In ( 34S ,3n) reaction at 140 MeV incident energy using an array of eight Compton-suppressed Clover detectors. Based on the observed ?-? coincidences, the level structure of 146Tb has been extended up to Ex ˜10 MeV . Linear polarization measurements have been combined with angular correlations of the observed ? rays to assign the electromagnetic nature to the transitions. Probable origin of a cascade of M1 transitions observed around 8 MeV excitation energy has been discussed.

Krishichayan; Chakraborty, A.; Ghugre, S. S.; Goswami, R.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Pattabiraman, N. S.; Ray, S.; Sinha, A. K.; Sarkar, S.; Madhusudhana Rao, P. V.; Garg, U.; Basu, S. K.; Yogi, B. K.; Chaturvedi, L.; Dhal, A.; Sinha, R. K.; Sarkar, M. Saha; Saha, S.; Singh, R.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Jhingan, A.; Madhavan, N.; Muralithar, S.; Nath, S.; Singh, R. P.; Sugathan, P.

2004-10-01

83

Prolate and oblate band structures in odd-odd 186,188Au  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-spin states have been populated in odd-odd 186,188Au via the heavy-ion 171,173Yb(19F,4n) reactions at 93-94 MeV. Rotational bands built on 11- oblate nui-113\\/2?pih-111\\/2 structures have been observed in both nuclei, similar to those reported in 190-194Au. Two new strongly coupled bands in 186Au are interpreted as prolate pih9\\/2?nui132 and pii13\\/2?nui13\\/2 configurations. Based on blocking arguments a band crossing in the

V. P. Janzen; Z.-M. Liu; M. P. Carpenter; L. H. Courtney; H.-Q. Jin; A. J. Larabee; L. L. Riedinger; J. K. Johansson; D. G. Popescu; J. C. Waddington; S. Monaro; S. Pilotte; F. Dönau

1992-01-01

84

Radiative strength functions in odd-A spherical nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The radiative strength functions for the partial ?-transitions from neutron resonances to the ground and low-lying states of odd-A spherical nuclei are calculated within the quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model. The fragmentation of one-quasiparticle and quasiparticle-plus-phonon states is calculated. This allowed one to calculate ?-transitions between the one-quasi-particle components (valence transitions) and ?-transitions between the quasiparticle-plus-phonon and one-quasiparticle components of the wave functions. The energy dependence of the strength functions C(E1, ?) and C(M1, ?) is calculated near the neutron binding energy Bn for 55Fe and 59, 61Ni. The corresponding experimental data are described qualitatively. The contribution of the valence E1 transitions to the strength function is shown to be from 20% to 90%, and M1 transitions about 1%. The influence of the M1 giant resonance is important for M1 transition probabilities.

Soloviev, V. G.; Stoyanov, Ch.

1982-07-01

85

Oblate bands in doubly odd 134La  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The band structures of the doubly odd 134La nucleus have been investigated using the 133Cs(?, 3n)134La reaction at a beam energy of 40 MeV. Altogether six bands have been established, of which details of the yrast band were only known from earlier works. A negative parity oblate band has also been observed in this nucleus. The observed level properties of the members of the yrast band have been compared with theoretical calculations performed within the Particle Rotor Model (PRM) with axially symmetric core. The experimental branching ratios, B(M1)/B(E2) values and mixing ratios of the transitions in the yrast band are well reproduced by PRM, assuming an axial oblate core. A cranked shell model calculation has been carried out for the proposed bands.

Pramanik, U. Datta; Mukherjee, A.; Basu, P.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Goswami, A.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Dasmahapatra, B.; Chatterjee, M. L.; Sen, S.; Bhattacharya, S.

1998-07-01

86

Wellness Factors Decrease the Odds of Drinking and Driving among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

|The authors examined holistic wellness factors and drinking and driving behaviors among undergraduate students. Two factors of the Indivisible Self Wellness Model, the Coping Self and the Physical Self, decreased the odds of engaging in drinking and driving behavior. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)|

Lewis, Todd F.; Myers, Jane E.

2012-01-01

87

Odd-odd nuclei as the core-particle-hole systems and chirality  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Odd-odd nuclei treated as core-particle-hole systems with various collective cores and various particle-hole configurations are investigated within the Core-Particle-Hole Coupling (CPHC) model. A new symmetry, called the S-symmetry, is identified as a combination of the ?-parity of the collective core and the proton-neutron symmetry of the valence proton and neutron in particle-hole configurations involving single-particle states with the same quantum numbers. It is found that the S-symmetric odd-odd nuclei show signatures which are usually considered as fingerprints of nuclear chirality, namely doublet band structure with a particular pattern of electromagnetic transitions. Reported results imply that the rigid rotor with a symmetric valence proton-neutron configuration is only a special case of the system with the novel S-symmetry. Therefore, it is an open question whether the chiral fingerprints discussed so far identify uniquely the orthogonal coupling of angular momentum in the intrinsic system.

Rohozi?ski, S. G.; Próchniak, L.; Starosta, K.; Droste, Ch.

2011-08-01

88

Rotational bands and signature inversion in odd-odd 172 Re  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-spin states in the odd-odd 172 Re have been investigated via the 149 Sm ( 27 Al ,4n?) 172 Re reaction through excitation functions, x-? and ?-? coincidence measurements. A level scheme consisting of three rotational bands has been identified for the first time extending the high-spin studies of A˜160 odd-odd nuclei to the currently lightest rhenium isotope. The three bands have been assigned to be built on the ? h11/2 ?? i13/2 , ? h9/2 ?? i13/2 , and ?1/ 2- [541]??1/ 2- [521] configurations according to their rotational properties in quasiparticle alignments, signature splitting, in-band B(M1)/B(E2) ratios, level spacing systematics, band crossing frequencies, as well as the existing knowledge in neighboring nuclei. Low-spin signature inversion has been confirmed in the first two bands due to the observation of signature crossing at high-spin states. The general features of inversion phenomenon in the semidecoupled bands are presented and discussed with reference to theoretical calculations of two quasiparticle plus rotor model including p-n interactions.

Zhang, Y. H.; Oshima, M.; Toh, Y.; Zhou, X. H.; Koizumi, M.; Osa, A.; Kimura, A.; Hatsukawa, Y.; Morikawa, T.; Nakamura, M.; Sugawara, M.; Kusakari, H.; Komatsubara, T.; Furuno, K.; Wang, H. L.; Luo, P.; Wu, C. S.; Xu, F. R.

2003-11-01

89

Conformal null infinity does not exist for radiating solutions in odd spacetime dimensions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that in odd spacetime dimensions greater than 4, all components of the unphysical Weyl tensor for arbitrary smooth, compact spatial support solutions of the linearized vacuum Einstein equation off of Minkowski spacetime fail to be smooth at null infinity at leading nonvanishing order. This implies that for nearly flat radiating spacetimes, the non-smoothness of the unphysical metric at null infinity manifests itself at the same order as it describes deviations from flatness of the physical metric. Therefore, in odd spacetime dimensions, it does not appear that conformal null infinity can be in any way useful for describing radiation.

Hollands, Stefan; Wald, Robert M.

2004-11-01

90

Rotational high spin structures in doubly-odd {sup 184}Au  

SciTech Connect

Excited states in the doubly-odd{sup 184}Au nucleus have been studied by in-beam {gamma}-ray spectroscopy. This nucleus was produced through the fusion-evaporation reactions {sup 165}Ho({sup 24}Mg, 5{ital n}), {sup 170}Yb({sup 19}F, 5{ital n}), and {sup 161}Dy({sup 27}Al, 4{ital n}). Different rotational band structures have been observed and interpreted as specific couplings of proton and neutron single-particle excitations present in neighboring odd Au and Pt nuclei. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American Physical Society.}

Ibrahim, F.; Hojman, D.; Kreiner, A.J.; Roussiere, B.; Sauvage, J.; Bourgeois, C.; Korichi, A.; Davidson, J.; Davidson, M.; Debray, M.; Deloncle, I.; Knipper, A.; Le Blanc, F.; Marguier, G.; Oms, J.; Perrin, N.; Porquet, M.G.; Sergolle, H.; Somacal, H. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, F-91406 Orsay Cedex (France)]|[Departamento de Fisica, CNEA 1429 Buenos Aires, Argentina Centre de Spectrometrie Nucleaire et de Spectrometrie de Masse, F-91405 Orsay Cedex (France)]|[Centre de Recherches Nucleaires, F-67037 Strasbourg (France)]|[Institut de Physique Nucleaire de Lyon, F-69621 Villeurbanne (France)

1996-04-01

91

Non-empirical Nuclear Energy Functionals, Pairing Gaps and Odd-Even Mass Differences  

SciTech Connect

First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such a scheme where the pairing part of the energy density functional is constructed at first order in the nuclear plus Coulomb two-body interaction. We discuss in detail the physics of the odd-even mass staggering and the necessity to compute actual odd-even mass differences to analyze it meaningfully.

Duguet, T. [CEA, Centre de Saclay, IRFU/Service de Physique Nucleaire, F-91191 Gif-sur-Yvette (France); National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory and Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Lesinski, T. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States)

2009-08-26

92

Non-Empirical Nuclear Energy Functionals, Pairing Gaps, and Odd-Even Mass Differences  

SciTech Connect

First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such a scheme where the pairing part of the energy density functional is constructed at first order in the nuclear plus Coulomb two-body interaction. We discuss in detail the physics of the odd-even mass staggering and the necessity to compute actual odd-even mass differences to analyze it meaningfully.

Duguet, T. [CEA, Saclay, France; Lesinski, Thomas [ORNL

2009-01-01

93

Non-empirical Nuclear Energy Functionals, Pairing Gaps and Odd-Even Mass Differences  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

First, we briefly outline some aspects of the starting project to design non-empirical energy functionals based on low-momentum vacuum interactions and many-body perturbation theory. Second, we present results obtained within an approximation of such a scheme where the pairing part of the energy density functional is constructed at first order in the nuclear plus Coulomb two-body interaction. We discuss in detail the physics of the odd-even mass staggering and the necessity to compute actual odd-even mass differences to analyze it meaningfully.

Duguet, T.; Lesinski, T.

2009-08-01

94

Environment and energy: an odd duo  

SciTech Connect

Some people believe that environmental policies will drive energy needs. Others believe that energy issues in the 101st US Congress will be determined by environmental concerns. But whatever may turn out to be the case, neither the demands of energy or of the environment can be met without consideration of the other. Environmental progress must be wed to energy issues such as efficiency and technology. Traditional approaches to their environmental problems always run into energy considerations, to be sure, but one way to avoid this collision of environmental and energy demands is to take an alternative, nontraditional approach. In the traditional approach, solutions to environmental problems such as global warming, acid rain, and nonattainment make energy-using demands, run into budgetary restraints, cost money, and include a command and control approach. The latter is based on the theory that by commanding acid rain control, for example, in legislation, the acid rain problem can be controlled. If and when they choose to move ahead, command control techniques certainly will be avoided; rather, the market place will sort out the conflict between this odd duo of environment-energy issues.

Miller, S.S.

1989-03-01

95

Detailed spectroscopy and IBFFM interpretation of the odd-odd nuclei 132Pr and 130Pr  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High-spin rotational structures in the odd-odd nuclei 130,132Pr have been studied via the 104Pd+32S reaction at 160 MeV. Several states below the previously reported negative- and positive-parity states have been established through the observation of low-energy transitions, leading to new spin assignments for all observed levels. The bands based on the ?h11/2 ??g7/2 and ?h11/2 ??h11/2 configurations have been extended at much higher spins. Detailed interacting boson-fermion-fermion model calculations have been performed for the two nuclei, which reveal the complex structure of the new observed low-lying states. The change from inverted to normal signature at high spin and the staggering pattern of all observed bands are well reproduced, being explained by the interplay between a new term introduced in the boson quadrupole operator and the residual quadrupole-quadrupole interaction.

Petrache, C. M.; Brant, S.; Bazzacco, D.; Falconi, G.; Farnea, E.; Lunardi, S.; Paar, V.; Podolyák, Zs.; Venturelli, R.; Vretenar, D.

1998-06-01

96

First identification of 20+ isomeric states in the odd-odd 190,192Au nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Excited isomeric states I?=20+ have been identified for the first time in odd-odd 190,192Au nuclei. Two independent measurements of their half-lives were performed, using the recoil shadow anisotropy method with the Eurogam-II data, and using the time distribution of K-electron lines from the Orsay electron-spectrometer data. Half-lives of 7.0+/-0.3 and 5.4+/-0.3 ns were obtained for these isomers in 190Au and 192Au, respectively, by the latter measurements. The ?h-111/2??i-213/2h-19/2 configuration was assigned to these isomeric states. A shape transition towards highly triaxial deformation with ?~-90° is suggested by total Routhian surface calculations, which could be the cause for their relatively hindered decay.

Gueorguieva, E.; Vieu, Ch.; Schück, C.; Minkova, A.; Kharraja, B.; Kaci, M.; Hannachi, F.; Dionisio, J. S.; Korichi, A.; Lopez-Martens, A.; Méliani, Z.; Venkova, Ts.

2001-12-01

97

Theoretical description of fine structure in the ? decay of heavy odd-odd nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newly developed multichannel cluster model (MCCM), based on the coupled-channel Schrödinger equation with outgoing wave boundary conditions, is extended to study the ?-decay fine structure in heavy odd-odd nuclei. Calculations are performed for the ? transitions to favored rotational bands where the unpaired nucleons remain unchanged. The simple WKB barrier penetration formula is also used to evaluate the branching ratios for various daughter states. It is found that the WKB formula seems to overestimate the branching ratios for the second and third members of the favored rotational band, while the MCCM gives a precise description of them without any adjustable parameters. Moreover, the experimental total ?-decay half-lives are well reproduced within the MCCM.

Ni, Dongdong; Ren, Zhongzhou

2013-02-01

98

Band termination in the N=Z odd-odd nucleus 46V  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spin states in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus 46V have been identified. At low spin, the T=1 isobaric analog states of 46Ti are established up to I?=6+. Other high spin states, including the band terminating state, are tentatively assigned to the same T=1 band. The T=0 band built on the low-lying 3+ isomer is observed up to the 1f7/2-shell termination at I?=15+. Both signatures of a negative parity T=0 band are observed up to the terminating states at I?=16- and I?=17-, respectively. The structure of this band is interpreted as a particle-hole excitation from the 1d3/2 shell. Spherical shell model calculations are found to be in excellent agreement with the experimental results.

Lenzi, S. M.; Napoli, D. R.; Ur, C. A.; Bazzacco, D.; Brandolini, F.; Cameron, J. A.; Caurier, E.; de Angelis, G.; de Poli, M.; Farnea, E.; Gadea, A.; Hankonen, S.; Lunardi, S.; Martínez-Pinedo, G.; Podolyak, Zs.; Poves, A.; Rossi Alvarez, C.; Sánchez-Solano, J.; Somacal, H.

1999-08-01

99

{sup 58}Co: Structure of an odd-odd nucleus in the pf shell  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in the odd-odd {sup 58}Co nucleus have been studied with the fusion-evaporation reaction {sup 51}V ({sup 10}B,p2n) using the {gamma}-spectrometer Saci-Perere. Thirty-six new excited states up to spin 11{sup +} and an excitation energy of 8.0 MeV have been observed, which are connected by 46 {gamma}-ray transitions. Transition probabilities for 14 excited states were measured through the Doppler-shift attenuation method. The results are compared with shell-model calculations using the GXPF1 effective interaction, developed for use in the pf shell. These results were interpreted by considering particle-hole excitations with respect to the doubly magic N=Z=28 core.

Silveira, M. A. G.; Medina, N. H.; Oliveira, J. R. B.; Alcantara-Nunez, J. A.; Cybulska, E. W.; Dias, H.; Rao, M. N.; Ribas, R. V.; Seale, W. A.; Wiedemann, K. T.; Brown, B. A.; Honma, M.; Mizusaki, T.; Otsuka, T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Center for Mathematical Sciences, University of Aizu, Tsuruga, Ikki-machi, Aizu-Wakamatsu, Fukushima 965-8580 (Japan); Institute of Natural Sciences, Senshu University, Higashimita, Tama, Kawasaki, Kanagawa 214-8580 (Japan); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tokyo, Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); RIKEN, Hirosawa, Wako-shi, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan)

2006-12-15

100

Onset of collectivity in the odd-odd nucleus [sup 72]As  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus [sup 72]As were investigated by means of coincidence measurements via the [sup 59]Co([sup 19]F,[alpha][ital pn]) and the [sup 65]Cu([sup 12]C,[alpha][ital n]) reactions at beam energies of 55 MeV and 50 MeV, respectively. Two new rotational-like level sequences of probably opposite parities have been found to feed into the known 7[sup ([minus])] isomer at 562.8 keV. Lifetime measurements for some states of the positive-parity sequence using the Doppler shift attenuation method revealed transition strengths of [ital B]([ital E]2)[approx]40 Weisskopf units. Thus, this band is interpreted as a collective structure built on the two-quasiparticle intruder configuration ([pi][ital g][sub 9/2][direct product][nu][ital g][sub 9/2]).

Doering, J.; Tabor, S.L.; Holcomb, J.W.; Johnson, T.D.; Riley, M.A.; Womble, P.C. (Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States))

1994-05-01

101

Prolate and oblate band structures in odd-odd sup 186,188 Au  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-spin states have been populated in odd-odd {sup 186,188}Au via the heavy-ion {sup 171,173}Yb(¹⁹F,4{ital n}) reactions at 93--94 MeV. Rotational bands built on 11⁻ oblate ν{ital i}âââ⁻¹{direct product}Ï{ital h}âââ⁻¹ structures have been observed in both nuclei, similar to those reported in ¹⁹°⁻¹⁹⁴Au. Two new strongly coupled bands in ¹⁸⁶Au are interpreted as prolate Ï{ital h}ââ{direct product}ν{ital i}ââ2 and Ï{ital i}âââ{direct

V. P. Janzen; Z. Liu; M. P. Carpenter; L. H. Courtney; H. Jin; A. J. Larabee; L. L. Riedinger; J. K. Johansson; D. G. Popescu; J. C. Waddington; S. Monaro; S. Pilotte; F. Doenau

1992-01-01

102

Isospin and deformation studies in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus {sup 54}Co  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus {sup 54}Co have been investigated by the fusion-evaporation reaction {sup 28}Si({sup 32}S,1{alpha}1p1n){sup 54}Co. Gamma-ray information gathered with the Ge detector array Gammasphere was correlated with evaporated particles detected in the charged particle detector system Microball and a 1{pi} neutron detector array. A significantly extended excitation scheme of {sup 54}Co is presented, which includes a candidate for the isospin T=1, 6{sup +} state of the 1f{sub 7/2}{sup -2} multiplet. The results are compared to large-scale shell-model calculations in the fp shell. Effective interactions with and without isospin-breaking terms have been used to probe isospin symmetry and isospin mixing. A quest for deformed high-spin rotational cascades proved negative. This feature is discussed by means of cranking calculations.

Rudolph, D.; Andersson, L.-L.; Ekman, J.; Erten, O.; Fahlander, C.; Johansson, E. K.; Andreoiu, C. [Department of Physics, Lund University, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Bengtsson, R.; Ragnarsson, I. [Department of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Lund University, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Bentley, M. A.; Williams, S. J. [School of Chemistry and Physics, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Carpenter, M. P.; Seweryniak, D. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Charity, R. J.; Reviol, W.; Sarantites, D. G. [Chemistry Department, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Clark, R. M.; Fallon, P.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Svensson, C. E. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-11-15

103

Interventions shown to Aid Executive Function Development in Children 4-12 Years Old *  

PubMed Central

To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are ‘executive functions,’ including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children’s executive functions – computerized training, non-computerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. Central to all these is repeated practice and constantly challenging executive functions. Children with worse executive functions initially, benefit most; thus early executive-function training may avert widening achievement gaps later. To improve executive functions, focusing narrowly on them may not be as effective as also addressing emotional and social development (as do curricula that improve executive functions) and physical development (shown by positive effects of aerobics, martial arts, and yoga).

Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen

2011-01-01

104

Electroexcitation of odd-parity states in /sup 27/Al  

SciTech Connect

Inelastic electron scattering form factors were measured for the low-lying odd-parity states of /sup 27/Al over a momentum transfer range of 0.57 to 2.41 fm/sup -1/. Reduced ground-state transition probabilities were deduced for states at 4.055 MeV(1/2/sup -/), 5.156 MeV(3/2/sup -/), 6.159 MeV(3/2/sup -/), 6.477 MeV(7/2/sup -/), 6.605 MeV(1/2/sup -/ or 3/2/sup -/), 6.651 MeV(5/2/sup -/), 6.993 MeV(3/2/sup -/), and 7.228 MeV(9/2/sup -/). In addition, the results support odd-parity assignments for the 5.827 MeV(3/2/sup -/ or 5/2/sup +/) and 7.477 MeV(7/2) levels. Attempts have been made to interpret the results in terms of the weak-coupling and strong-coupling models. The measurements confirm the apparent high concentration of 1p-shell proton hole strength in the 4.055 MeV,1/2/sup -/ and 5.156 MeV,3/2/sup -/ states. To satisfactorily account for the observed properties of these two levels using the weak-coupling model requires an anomalously small value of 1.35 MeV for the spin-orbit splitting of the 1p shell. The structure of levels in the 6 to 7.5 MeV region is shown to be based on the excitation of 1d-shell nucleons into the 1f shell.

Hicks, R.S.; Hotta, A.; Flanz, J.B.; deVries, H.

1980-06-01

105

Photoelectron spectroscopy of small chromium clusters: Observation of even-odd alternations and theoretical interpretation  

SciTech Connect

We report an extensive photoelectron-spectroscopy study of size-selected Cr{sub n}{sup {minus}} (n=2{endash}70) clusters. Even-odd alternations are observed for the small Cr{sub n} clusters and their electron affinities. The spectra of clusters with an even number of atoms show less density of states near the threshold, while those with odd clusters show more complex features. A dimer growth path found in a previous theoretical study is used to interpret the data and accounts well for the even-odd effects. The work provides a key contribution to the understanding of the complicated electronic structure of the Cr clusters. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Wang, L. [Department of Physics, Washington State University, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States)]|[EMSL, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, MS K2-14, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Wu, H. [Department of Physics, Washington State University, Richland, Washington 99352 (United States); Cheng, H. [Air Products and Chemicals, Inc., 7201 Hamilton Boulevard, Allentown, Pennsylvania 18195 (United States)

1997-05-01

106

Inferring the depth of the zonal jets on Jupiter and Saturn from odd gravity harmonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ABSTRACTThe low-order even gravity harmonics J2, J4, and J6 are well constrained for Jupiter and Saturn from spacecraft encounters over the past few decades. These gravity harmonics are dominated by the oblate shape and radial density distribution of these gaseous planets. In the lack of any north-south asymmetry, <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics will be zero. However, the winds on these planets are not hemispherically symmetric, and therefore can contribute to the <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics through dynamical variations to the density field. Here it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that even relatively shallow winds (reaching ~ 40 bars) can cause considerable <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics that can be detectable by NASA's Juno and Cassini missions to Jupiter and Saturn. Moreover, these measurements will have better sensitivity to the <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonics than to the high-order even harmonics, which have been previously proposed as a proxy for deep winds. Determining the <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics will therefore help constrain the depth of the jets on these planets, and may provide valuable information about the planet's core and structure.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kaspi, Yohai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">107</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48430467"> <span id="translatedtitle">The politics of digits: evidence of <span class="hlt">odd</span> taxation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">From the concept of <span class="hlt">odd</span> pricing, i.e., setting rightmost price digits below a whole number, this paper advances the political counterpart of <span class="hlt">odd</span> taxation using a panel of Danish municipal taxes. First, the distribution of tax decimals is non-uniform and resembles the distribution\\u000a of price-endings data. Second, nine-ending and other higher-end decimals are found to be over-represented which echoes <span class="hlt">odd</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Asmus Leth Olsen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">108</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21290097"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-even mass difference and isospin dependent pairing interaction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The neutron and proton <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even mass differences are studied with Hartree-Fock + BCS (HF+BCS) calculations with Skyrme interactions and an isospin dependent contact pairing interaction, which is recently derived from a microscopic nucleon-nucleon interaction. To this end, we perform HF+BCS calculations for even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> semi-magic tin and lead isotopes together with even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> Z isotones with N=50 and 82. The filling approximation is applied to the last unoccupied particle in <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei. Comparisons with the experimental data show a clear manifestation of the isospin dependent pairing correlations in both proton and neutron pairing gaps.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bertulani, C. A. [Department of Physics, Texas A and M University-Commerce, Commerce, Texas 75429 (United States); Lue, H. F. [College of Science, China Agricultural University, Beijing (China); Sagawa, H. [Center for Mathematics and Physics, University of Aizu, Aizu-Wakamatsu, 965-8580 Fukushima (Japan)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">109</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1994IJMPE...3..967N"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Residual p-n Interaction in <span class="hlt">Odd-Odd</span> Deformed Nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The residual p-n interaction in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> deformed nuclei is examined in the framework of the unified model. Extensive experimental information about the Gallagher-Moszkowski splitting energies and Newby shifts in the rare-earth and actinide regions is used to deduce empirical parameters of the residual p-n interaction. Delta interaction and Gaussian-shape radial potential are assumed, Empirical p-n parameters are discussed and compared with previously deduced parameters. For the first time, errors in the parameters are estimated and special attention is paid to parameter significance.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nosek, D.; Kvasil, J.; Sheline, R. K.; Sood, P. C.; Nosková, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">110</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/psych/resources/2004GOOZENexef.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Executive functioning in children: a comparison of hospitalised <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>\\/ADHD children and normal controls</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Deficits in executive functioning are supposed to have a predisposing influence on im- pulsive or aggressive behaviour. We tested the hypothesis that oppositional-defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) children with or without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have problems in executive functioning. Method: Seventy-seven 7- to 12-year-old children (15 <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, 26 <span class="hlt">ODD</span>\\/ADHD, and 36 normal controls), all with normal IQ, completed 7</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stephanie H. M. van Goozen; Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis; Heddeke Snoek; Walter Matthys; Hanna Swaab-Barneveld; Herman van Engeland</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">111</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000APS..DNP.DG003K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Chiral doublet search in <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> N=73 isotones in the A ~130 region</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Through a series of experiments on N=75 isotones of ^134Pr, namely ^130Cs, ^132La, and ^136Pm, we have systematically identified positive-parity ?I=1 bands which are proposed as chiral partners of the yrast ?h_11/2?h_11/2 bands[1]. In order to map out the extent of the chiral conditions, N=73 <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> isotones are being investigated. Searches for the nonyrast chiral doublet bands are being carried out on ^130La and ^132Pr via the ^124Te(^10B,4n) at 51 MeV and ^117Sn(^19F,4n) at 88 MeV reactions, respectively. Six Compton-suppressed HPGe detectors together with a 14-element BGO multiplicity filter measured ?-? coincidences at the tandem/linac facility at SUNY at Stony Brook. In ^130La, a new side band was found, which shared common characteristics with those in the N=75 isotones. In the case of ^132Pr, five transitions were identified as being associated with a similar, but less developed, side band; some of these ? rays had been seen before. The DCO analysis supports the ?h_11/2?h_11/2 configurations for the side bands. An experiment in the ^128Cs isotone is in progress. Results will be compared with the N=75 isotones, and discussed in terms of the restoration of chiral symmetry, which is broken in the intrinsic frame. [1]K. Starosta et al., (to be published).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koike, T.; Starosta, K.; Chiara, C. J.; Fossan, D. B.; Lafosse, D. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">112</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002PhRvC..65a4302Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Configuration-dependent band structures in <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 180Ir</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states in 180Ir have been investigated by means of in-beam ?-ray spectroscopy techniques with the 154Sm(31P,5n?)180Ir reaction. Excitation functions, x-? and ?-?-t coincidences, DCO (directional correlation of ? rays deexciting oriented states) ratios, and intraband B(M1)/B(E2) ratios were measured. Five rotational bands have been identified and their configurations are proposed on the basis of B(M1)/B(E2) ratios and by comparing the band properties with known bands in neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass and even-mass nuclei. The neutron AB crossing is observed at ??c=0.26(1) MeV for the ?1/2-[541]??1/2-[521] and ?1/2-[541]??5/2-[512] bands, respectively. Staggering of levels as a function of the number of neutron pairs is revealed in the ?1/2-[541]??1/2-[521] doubly decoupled bands of 178-186Ir. The gradual alignment gains at low rotational frequencies are observed in the two strongly coupled bands. Band crossings and alignments in 180Ir are discussed with reference to the total Routhian surface and cranked shell model calculations performed for the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang, Y. H.; Hayakawa, T.; Oshima, M.; Katakura, J.; Hatsukawa, Y.; Matsuda, M.; Kusakari, H.; Sugawara, M.; Komatsubara, T.; Furuno, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">113</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1986PhLB..180..207W"> <span id="translatedtitle">Average resonance capture studies of 198Au: A test of symmetry schemes for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The low-lying levels in 198Au have been studied by means of the 197Au(n,?)198Au reaction, using the technique of Average Resonance Capture. The results yield a complete set of states with J?=0--3- up to an excitation energy of 1 MeV. The data are used to examine the validity of a recently proposed symmetry scheme for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei which simultaneously reproduces the spectra of the neighboring even-even, <span class="hlt">odd</span>-proton, and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-neutron nuclei. It is concluded that the existing theoretical framework is too restrictive to provide an acceptable description of 198Au. Permanent address.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Warner, D. D.; Casten, R. F.; Frank, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">114</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21544595"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> entanglement in boson and spin systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examine the entanglement entropy of the even half of a translationally invariant finite chain or lattice in its ground state. This entropy measures the entanglement between the even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> halves (each forming a 'comb' of n/2 sites) and can be expected to be extensive for short-range couplings away from criticality. We first consider bosonic systems with quadratic couplings, where analytic expressions for arbitrary dimensions can be provided. The bosonic treatment is then applied to finite spin chains and arrays by means of the random-phase approximation. Results for first-neighbor anisotropic XY couplings indicate that, while at strong magnetic fields this entropy is strictly extensive, at weak fields important deviations arise, stemming from parity-breaking effects and the presence of a factorizing field (in the vicinity of which it becomes size-independent and identical to the entropy of a contiguous half). Exact numerical results for small spin s chains are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be in agreement with the bosonic random-phase approximation prediction.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rossignoli, R.; Canosa, N.; Matera, J. M. [Departamento de Fisica-IFLP, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, C.C. 67, La Plata (1900) (Argentina)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">115</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://en.elmag.org/lib/exe/fetch.php/wiki:user:machac:texty:2002_eumc_milano.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Modes on a Conductor-Backed Slotline</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An analysis of the conductor-backed slotline is presented in this paper. The dispersion characteristics of modes with both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> symmetry are presented together with their electric field distribution on the transversal plane. New, unexpected behaviour of the dispersion characteristics is observed. The conductor-backed slotline can unattenuatedly guide even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> dominant modes which are not bound modes. It</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jan Zehentner; Jan Machac; Jan Mrkvica</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">116</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007MaCom..76.1577C"> <span id="translatedtitle">On the largest prime divisor of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonic number</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A positive integer is called a (Ore's) harmonic number if its positive divisors have integral harmonic mean. Ore conjectured that every harmonic number greater than 1 is even. If Ore's conjecture is true, there exist no <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect numbers. In this paper, we prove that every <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonic number greater than 1 must be divisible by a prime greater than 10^5 .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chishiki, Yusuke; Goto, Takeshi; Ohno, Yasuo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">117</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009IJMPE..18.1697L"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Parity Bands of 108, 110, 112Ru</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Two similar sets of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity bands are observed in each of three even-even neighbors, 108, 110, 112Ru, from a study of prompt spontaneous-fission gamma rays at Gammasphere. A careful study of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity levels of these nuclei shows evidence for the features of chiral doubling. Comparisons are made with reported other candidates for chiral doubling.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Luo, Y. X.; Zhu, S. J.; Hamilton, J. H.; Ramayya, A. V.; Goodin, C.; Li, K.; Che, X. L.; Hwang, J. K.; Lee, I. Y.; Jiang, Z.; Ter-Akopian, G. M.; Daniel, A. V.; Stoyer, M. A.; Donangelo, R.; Frauendorf, S.; Dimitrov, V.; Zhang, Jing-Ye; Cole, J. D.; Stone, N. J.; Rasmussen, J. O.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">118</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvE..85a2701A"> <span id="translatedtitle">Flexoelectric and elastic coefficients of <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even homologous bimesogens</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is known that bimesogenic liquid crystals exhibit a marked “<span class="hlt">odd</span>-even” effect in the flexoelastic ratio (the effective flexoelectric coefficient to the average elastic coefficient), with the ratio being higher for the “<span class="hlt">odd</span>-spaced” bimesogens (those with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of alkyl groups in the spacer chain) than their neighboring even-spaced counterparts. To determine the contribution of each property to the flexoelastic ratio, we present experimental results on the flexoelectric and elastic coefficients of two homologous nonsymmetric bimesogens which possess <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even alkyl spacers. Our results show that, although there are differences in the flexoelectric coefficients, there are substantially larger differences in the effective elastic coefficient. Specifically, the <span class="hlt">odd</span> bimesogen is found to have both a low splay elastic coefficient and a very low bend elastic coefficient which, when combined, results in a significantly lower effective elastic coefficient and consequently a higher flexoelastic ratio.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Atkinson, Katie L.; Morris, Stephen M.; Castles, Flynn; Qasim, Malik M.; Gardiner, Damian J.; Coles, Harry J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">119</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvD..87b5026G"> <span id="translatedtitle">Super Landau models on <span class="hlt">odd</span> cosets</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We construct d=1 sigma models of the Wess-Zumino type on the SU(n|1)/U(n) fermionic cosets. Such models can be regarded as a specific supersymmetric generalization (with a target space supersymmetry) of the classical Landau model, when a charged particle possesses only fermionic coordinates. We consider both classical and quantum models, and we prove the unitarity of the quantum model by introducing the metric operator on the Hilbert space of the quantum states, such that all their norms become positive definite. It is remarkable that the quantum n=2 model exhibits hidden SU(2|2) symmetry. We also discuss the planar limit of these models. The Hilbert space in the planar n=2 case is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to carry SU(2|2) symmetry which is different from that of the SU(2|1)/U(1) model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Goykhman, M.; Ivanov, E.; Sidorov, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">120</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41975864"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Antarctic ozone minimum - Relationship to <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen, <span class="hlt">odd</span> chlorine, the final warming, and the 11-year solar cycle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Photochemical calculations along 'diabatic trajectories' in the meridional phase are used to search for the cause of the dramatic springtime minimum in Antarctic column ozone. The results indicate that the minimum is principally due to catalytic destruction of ozone by high levels of total <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen. Calculations suggest that these levels of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen are transported within the polar vortex</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. B. Callis; Murali Natarajan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1986-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return 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onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">121</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001APS..HAW.SJ002K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematic investigation of triaxiality in <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> ^128-134Cs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Bands built on the ?h_11/2?h_11/2 configuration in four <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> _55Cs isotopes, namely ^128-134Cs, have been systematically investigated using (HI,xn) reactions. In ^128-132Cs, nearly degenerate (<=300 keV) ?I=1 partner bands, which are linked to the previously observed positive-parity bands by M1/E2 transitions, have been observed. Both partner band members in each isotope have been identified as being based on the ?h_11/2?h_11/2 configuration. They are interpreted in terms of chirality attained in the body-fixed frame; the angular momenta of the valence proton, valence neutron, and the triaxial core rotation are mutually perpendicular leading to either a right- or left-handed system. For the N=79 ^134Cs isotope being close to the N=82 closed shell no collectivity was observed. Experimental results will be compared to lab-frame calculations using phenomenological core-particle-hole coupling based on the Kerman-Klein-Dönau-Frauendorf method. A rigid triaxial rotor with an irrotational flow moment of inertia was used for the core. In addition, a variable moment of inertia was incorporated, which yielded good energy-level fits to the yrast bands in the even-even Xe core nuclei. Experimentally, the energy displacement between the partner bands, B(M1)/B(E2) ratios, and S(I)=[E(I)-E(I-1)]/2I values show unique characteristics; these will be presented as sensitive comparisons between the experiment results and the model calculations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koike, T.; Starosta, K.; Chiara, C. J.; Fossan, D. B.; Lafosse, D. R.; Thakur, R.; Vaman, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">122</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvD..87a1501M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low-lying <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity states of the nucleon in lattice QCD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity nucleon spectrum is examined in the light quark-mass regime in 2+1 flavor lattice QCD. Configurations generated by the PACS-CS Collaboration and made available through the International Lattice Data Grid are used, with the lightest pion mass at 156 MeV. A novel method for tracking the individual energy eigenstates as the quark mass changes is introduced. The success of this approach reveals the flow of the states towards the <span class="hlt">physical</span> masses. Using the correlation-matrix method, the two lowest-energy states revealed are found to be in accord with the <span class="hlt">physical</span> spectrum of nature.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mahbub, M. Selim; Kamleh, Waseem; Leinweber, Derek B.; Moran, Peter J.; Williams, Anthony G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">123</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvA..86b2115M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Proposed search for T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even interactions in spectra of chaotic atoms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Violation of fundamental symmetries in atoms is the subject of intense experimental and theoretical interest. P-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, T-even transitions have been observed and are in excellent agreement with electroweak theory. Searches for permanent electric dipole moments have placed bounds on T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> interactions, constraining proposed extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. Here we propose a search for T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even (TOPE) interactions in atoms. We consider open-shell atoms, such as rare-earth-metal atoms, which have dense, chaotic excitation spectra with strong level repulsion. The strength of the level repulsion depends on the underlying symmetries of the atomic Hamiltonian. TOPE interactions lead to enhanced level repulsion. We demonstrate how a statistical analysis of many chaotic spectra can determine the strength of level repulsion; in particular, the variance of the number of levels in an energy range has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be a useful measure. We estimate that, using frequency comb spectroscopy, a sufficient number of chaotic levels could be measured to match or exceed the current experimental bounds on TOPE interactions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Morrison, Muir J.; Derevianko, Andrei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">124</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/435257"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pseudospin doublet aligned structure in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> {sup 186}Ir</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">{sup 186}Ir has been restudied through the {sup 180}Hf({sup 11}B,5n) reaction at 65 MeV using in-beam {gamma}-ray and conversion-electron spectroscopy. The unfavored component of the doubly decoupled band was established and <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be consistent with a description in terms of the {pi}h{sub 9/2}{circle_times}{nu}[{number_sign}<subform>411{number_sign}<top>{number_sign}&dbigwig;1/2,3/2] structure, i.e., the coupling of an aligned proton and a neutron pseudospin doublet. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society}</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cardona, M.A.; Debray, M.E.; Garcia Bermudez, G.; Hojman, D.; Kreiner, A.J.; Somacal, H.; Burlon, A.; Davidson, J.; Davidson, M.; Levinton, G.; Ozafran, M.; Vazquez, M.; Napoli, D.R.; Rico, J.; Bazzacco, D.; Burch, R.; De Acuna, D.; Lenzi, S.M.; Medina, N.; Rossi Alvarez, C.; Blasi, N.; Lo Bianco, G.; de Boer, J.; Frischke, D.; Maier, H.J. [Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, 1429 Buenos Aires (Argentina)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">125</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009PhRvC..79d4322G"> <span id="translatedtitle">New description of the doublet bands in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The experimentally observed ?I=1 doublet bands in some <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei are analyzed within the orthosymplectic extension of the interacting vector boson model (IVBM). A new, purely collective interpretation of these bands is given on the basis of the obtained boson-fermion dynamical symmetry of the model. It is illustrated by its application to three <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei from the A~130 region, namely Pr126, Pr134, and La132. The theoretical predictions for the energy levels of the doublet bands as well as E2 and M1 transition probabilities between the states of the yrast band in the last two nuclei are compared with experiment and the results of other theoretical approaches. The obtained results reveal the applicability of the orthosymplectic extension of the IVBM.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ganev, H. G.; Georgieva, A. I.; Brant, S.; Ventura, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">126</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6764137"> <span id="translatedtitle">LOFT advanced control room operator diagnostic and display system (<span class="hlt">ODDS</span>)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Loss-of-Fluid Test (LOFT) Reactor Facility in Idaho includes a highly instrumented nuclear reactor operated by the Department of Energy for the purpose of establishing nuclear safety requirements. The results of the development and installation into LOFT of an Operator Diagnostic and Display System (<span class="hlt">ODDS</span>) are presented. The <span class="hlt">ODDS</span> is a computer-based graphics display system centered around a PRIME 550 computer with several RAMTEK color graphic display units located within the control room and available to the reactor operators. Use of computer-based color graphics to aid the reactor operator is discussed. A detailed hardware description of the LOFT data system and the <span class="hlt">ODDS</span> is presented. Methods and problems of backfitting the <span class="hlt">ODDS</span> equipment into the LOFT plant are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Larsen, D.G.; Robb, T.C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">127</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_138615.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Smoggy Days May Raise Your <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Burst Appendix</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Smoggy Days May Raise Your <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Burst Appendix Study ... up to 22 percent after consecutive high-ozone days (*this news item will not be available after ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">128</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005PhRvC..72e4306E"> <span id="translatedtitle">High-K states in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclide 180Re</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The structure of the deformed, doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclide 180Re has been studied by ?-ray and conversion-electron spectroscopy using the 174Yb(11B,5n) reaction with a pulsed 71 MeV beam of 11B ions. Several of the previously known intrinsic states have been given revised spin and parity assignments. Rotational bands are observed with K?=(4+),(5-),(7+),8+,9-,13+,14-,15-,16+,21-, and (22+). Among these, a four-quasiparticle t band is identified, which is already energetically favored at its bandhead compared to the corresponding two-quasiparticle band; and two six-quasiparticle bands are identified and associated with a ?=13 ?s isomer. The observed structures, including g factors and alignments, are interpreted with the aid of Nilsson-plus-BCS calculations and configuration-constrained potential energy surface calculations. Reduced-hindrance values are obtained for K-forbidden transitions, illustrating the important role of the K quantum number for near-yrast isomers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">El-Masri, H. M.; Walker, P. M.; Dracoulis, G. D.; Kibédi, T.; Byrne, A. P.; Bruce, A. M.; Orce, J. N.; Emmanouilidis, A.; Cullen, D. M.; Wheldon, C.; Xu, F. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">129</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1996PhRvC..53.1547I"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rotational high spin structures in doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> 184Au</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Excited states in the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span>184Au nucleus have been studied by in-beam ?-ray spectroscopy. This nucleus was produced through the fusion-evaporation reactions 165Ho(24Mg, 5n), 170Yb(19F, 5n), and 161Dy(27Al, 4n). Different rotational band structures have been observed and interpreted as specific couplings of proton and neutron single-particle excitations present in neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span> Au and Pt nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ibrahim, F.; Hojman, D.; Kreiner, A. J.; Roussière, B.; Sauvage, J.; Bourgeois, C.; Korichi, A.; Davidson, J.; Davidson, M.; Debray, M.; Deloncle, I.; Knipper, A.; Le Blanc, F.; Marguier, G.; Oms, J.; Perrin, N.; Porquet, M. G.; Sergolle, H.; Somacal, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">130</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21409506"> <span id="translatedtitle">T-parity <span class="hlt">odd</span> heavy leptons at the LHC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Little Higgs models with T parity can easily satisfy electroweak precision tests and at the same time give a stable particle which is a candidate for cold dark matter. In addition to little Higgs heavy gauge bosons, this type of model predicts a set of new T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fermions, which may show quite interesting signatures at colliders. We study purely leptonic signatures of T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> leptons at the (LHC.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cacciapaglia, Giacomo; Deandrea, Aldo; Choudhury, S. Rai; Gaur, Naveen [Universite de Lyon (France); Universite Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, UMR5822 IPNL, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Center for Theoretical Physics (CTP), Jamia Millia University, Delhi, and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Govindpura, Bhopal (India); Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi - 110007 (India)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">131</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3440240"> <span id="translatedtitle">On cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for multivariate competing risks data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio is defined as the ratio of the conditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> of the occurrence of one cause-specific event for one subject given the occurrence of the same or a different cause-specific event for another subject in the same cluster over the unconditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> of occurrence of the cause-specific event. It is a measure of the association between the correlated cause-specific failure times within a cluster. The joint cumulative incidence function can be expressed as a function of the marginal cumulative incidence functions and the cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio. Assuming that the marginal cumulative incidence functions follow a generalized semiparametric model, this paper studies the parametric regression modeling of the cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio. A set of estimating equations are proposed for the unknown parameters and the asymptotic properties of the estimators are explored. Non-parametric estimation of the cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio is also discussed. The proposed procedures are applied to the Danish twin data to model the associations between twins in their times to natural menopause and to investigate whether the association differs among monozygotic and dizygotic twins and how these associations have changed over time.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scheike, Thomas H.; Sun, Yanqing</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">132</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000PhRvC..62b7302R"> <span id="translatedtitle">The ?h11/2??h11/2 yrast band in <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 140Tb</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The ?h11/2??h11/2 yrast band in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus 140Tb has been populated by the 92Mo (54Fe, ?pn) reaction at 240-MeV incident beam energy. No previous spectroscopic information was known in this nucleus. The present data fit nicely in the systematics of the N=75 isotones of La, Pr, Pm, Eu, and Tb (Z=57 to 65).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rizzutto, M. A.; Rao, M. N.; Seale, W. A.; Oliveira, J. R.; Cybulska, E. W.; Medina, N. H.; Ribas, R. V.; Espinoza-Quiñones, F. R.; Bazzacco, D.; Brandolini, F.; Lunardi, S.; Petrache, C. M.; Podolyák, Zs.; Rossi-Alvarez, C.; Ur, C. A.; de Angelis, G.; Napoli, D. R.; Spolaore, P.; Gadea, A.; de Acuña, D.; de Poli, M.; Farnea, E.; Foltescu, D.; Ionescu-Bujor, M.; Iordachescu, A.; Chatterjee, A.; Saxena, A.; Sajo Bohus, L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">133</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvC..84d4303L"> <span id="translatedtitle">First identification of high-spin states in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> neutron-rich nucleus 152Pr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> neutron-rich nucleus 152Pr has been studied from the spontaneous fission of 252Cf with Gammasphere. A high-spin level scheme of 152Pr has been established for the first time. Angular correlation and internal conversion coefficient measurements are used to determine the transition multipolarities. The possible configurations of the bandhead have been discussed based on systematics and total Routhian surface calculations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, S. H.; Hamilton, J. H.; Ramayya, A. V.; Shi, Y.; Xu, F. R.; Zhu, S. J.; Yeoh, E. Y.; Batchelder, J. C.; Brewer, N. T.; Hwang, J. K.; Luo, Y. X.; Rasmussen, J. O.; Ma, W. C.; Daniel, A. V.; Ter-Akopian, G. M.; Oganessian, Yu. Ts.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">134</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7211829"> <span id="translatedtitle">The validity of approximation methods for interval estimation of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The validity of a confidence interval is determined by the probability that the random interval covers the true parameter value. A valid interval will have coverage probabilities at least as large as the confidence coefficient for all values of the parameter. The validity of three methods for constructing an approximate confidence interval on the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio parameter for 2 X 2 tables is examined in the conditional hypergeometric sampling situation. Two examples are <span class="hlt">shown</span> for which Cornfield's method is seen to be valid over a fairly wide range of true <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios, while the methods of Miettinen and Woolf are often found to be invalid. A number of other examples are studied with qualitatively similar results. PMID:7211829</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, C C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">135</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EL.....9760001A"> <span id="translatedtitle">On a no-go theorem for classical Maxwell-Lorentz electrodynamics in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-dimensional worlds</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A non-existence theorem of classical electrodynamics in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-dimensional spacetimes is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be invalid. The source of the error is pointed out, and is then demonstrated during the derivation of the fields generated by a uniformly moving point source.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aharonovich, I.; Horwitz, L. P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">136</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36372356"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> paired transcriptional activation of decapentaplegic in the Drosophila eye\\/antennal disc is cell autonomous but indirect</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The gene <span class="hlt">odd</span> paired (opa), a Drosophila homolog of the Zinc finger protein of the cerebellum (Zic) family of mammalian transcription factors, plays roles in embryonic segmentation and development of the adult head. We have determined the preferred DNA binding sequence of Opa by SELEX and <span class="hlt">shown</span> that it is necessary and sufficient to activate transcription of reporter gene constructs</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aditya Sen; Brian G. Stultz; Heuijung Lee; Deborah A. Hursh</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">137</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3146928"> <span id="translatedtitle">Use of prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> for missing persons identifications</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Identification of missing persons from mass disasters is based on evaluation of a number of variables and observations regarding the combination of features derived from these variables. DNA typing now is playing a more prominent role in the identification of human remains, and particularly so for highly decomposed and fragmented remains. The strength of genetic associations, by either direct or kinship analyses, is often quantified by calculating a likelihood ratio. The likelihood ratio can be multiplied by prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> based on nongenetic evidence to calculate the posterior <span class="hlt">odds</span>, that is, by applying Bayes' Theorem, to arrive at a probability of identity. For the identification of human remains, the path creating the set and intersection of variables that contribute to the prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> needs to be appreciated and well defined. Other than considering the total number of missing persons, the forensic DNA community has been silent on specifying the elements of prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> computations. The variables include the number of missing individuals, eyewitness accounts, anthropological features, demographics and other identifying characteristics. The assumptions, supporting data and reasoning that are used to establish a prior probability that will be combined with the genetic data need to be considered and justified. Otherwise, data may be unintentionally or intentionally manipulated to achieve a probability of identity that cannot be supported and can thus misrepresent the uncertainty with associations. The forensic DNA community needs to develop guidelines for objectively computing prior <span class="hlt">odds</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">138</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88c4322M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Risk of misinterpreting nearly degenerate doublet bands as chiral partners in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even 103,105,107Ag and <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 106Ag</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The chiral doublet bands were claimed to be found in several silver isotopes. In the present study of negative parity bands of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even 103,105,107Ag, by using the principal cranking Nilsson-Strutinsky approach it is demonstrated from the point view of spectroscopy that the nearly degenerate ?I=1 doublet bands could be built on the same configuration with different signature combination of one unpaired proton and two unpaired neutrons. Combining with the small triaxial deformation calculated (?<15?), the existence of chiral rotation in 103,105,107Ag is strongly questioned. In <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 106Ag, the candidate chiral rotational band which possesses much larger moments of inertia than the yrast band, analogously to similar bands observed in 105,107Ag, is assigned to a configuration with two more neutrons in the ?1h11/2 orbitals than its yrast partner. Such assignment will almost double the B(E2) values within the band compared to the yrast band, which is consistent with the primary experimental observation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ma, Hai-Liang; Yao, Shun-He; Dong, Bao-Guo; Wu, Xiao-Guang; Zhang, Huan-Qiao; Zhang, Xi-Zhen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">139</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22904583"> <span id="translatedtitle">Estimating Regression Parameters in an Extended Proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model may serve as a useful alternative to the Cox proportional hazards model to study association between covariates and their survival functions in medical studies. In this article, we study an extended proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model that incorporates the so-called "external" time-varying covariates. In the extended model, regression parameters have a direct interpretation of comparing survival functions, without specifying the baseline survival <span class="hlt">odds</span> function. Semiparametric and maximum likelihood estimation procedures are proposed to estimate the extended model. Our methods are demonstrated by Monte-Carlo simulations, and applied to a landmark randomized clinical trial of a short course Nevirapine (NVP) for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1). Additional application includes analysis of the well-known Veterans Administration (VA) Lung Cancer Trial. PMID:22904583</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Ying Qing; Hu, Nan; Cheng, Su-Chun; Musoke, Philippa; Zhao, Lue Ping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-31</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">140</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3420072"> <span id="translatedtitle">Estimating Regression Parameters in an Extended Proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model may serve as a useful alternative to the Cox proportional hazards model to study association between covariates and their survival functions in medical studies. In this article, we study an extended proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model that incorporates the so-called “external” time-varying covariates. In the extended model, regression parameters have a direct interpretation of comparing survival functions, without specifying the baseline survival <span class="hlt">odds</span> function. Semiparametric and maximum likelihood estimation procedures are proposed to estimate the extended model. Our methods are demonstrated by Monte-Carlo simulations, and applied to a landmark randomized clinical trial of a short course Nevirapine (NVP) for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1). Additional application includes analysis of the well-known Veterans Administration (VA) Lung Cancer Trial.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Ying Qing; Hu, Nan; Cheng, Su-Chun; Musoke, Philippa; Zhao, Lue Ping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" 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onclick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">141</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008Prama..70..805Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low-spin states of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass xenon isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this work, we analyse the positive parity of states of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nucleus within the framework of interacting boson-fermion model. The result of an IBFM-1 multilevel calculation with the 2d_{5/2}, 1g_{7/2}, 3s_{1/2}, 2d_{3/2} and 1h_{11/2}, single particle orbits is reported for the positive parity states of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nucleus ^{125-129}Xe. Also, an IBM-1 calculation is presented for the low-lying states in the even-even ^{124-128}Xe core nucleus. The energy levels and B(E2) transition probabilities were calculated and compared with the experimental data. It was found that the calculated positive parity low-spin state energy spectra of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass ^{125-129}Xe isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yazar, Harun R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">142</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvX...3c1004H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Iron-Based Superconductors as <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Parity Superconductors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parity is a fundamental quantum number used to classify a state of matter. Materials rarely possess ground states with <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity. We show that the superconducting state in iron-based superconductors is classified as an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity s-wave spin-singlet pairing state in a single trilayer FeAs/Se, the building block of the materials. In a low-energy effective model constructed on the Fe square bipartite lattice, the superconducting order parameter in this state is a combination of an s-wave normal pairing between two sublattices and an s-wave ? pairing within the sublattices. The state has a fingerprint with a real-space sign inversion between the top and bottom As/Se layers. The results suggest that iron-based superconductors are a new quantum state of matter, and the measurement of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity can help to establish high-temperature superconducting mechanisms.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hu, Jiangping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">143</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title21-vol7/pdf/CFR-2011-title21-vol7-sec610-63.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be <span class="hlt">shown</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Divided manufacturing responsibility to be <span class="hlt">shown</span>. 610.63 Section 610...PRODUCTS STANDARDS Labeling Standards § 610.63 Divided manufacturing responsibility to be <span class="hlt">shown</span>. If two or more...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">144</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title16-vol2/pdf/CFR-2013-title16-vol2-part1633-app1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, <span class="hlt">Shown</span> in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Test Assembly, <span class="hlt">Shown</span> in Furniture Calorimeter... STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt. 1633, Fig. 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633âTest Assembly, <span class="hlt">Shown</span> in Furniture...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">145</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985NuPhA.437..285H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Test of a phenomenological model of <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> deformed nuclei: An ARC study of 176Lu</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An average resonance capture (ARC) study leading to a complete set of J? = 2--5- levels in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus 176Lu is reported. A phenomenological model for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei, which is based on the empirical structure of the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei and incorporates the effects of certain neutron-proton interactions, is utilized to interpret the data. Cumulative level-number histograms, obtained from this model, are in generally good agreement with the empirical results up to 1100keV of excitation. The comparison involves a total of 40 predicted rotational bands. Some specific discrepancies arise for 3-,4- states in a model energy interval near Ex = 700 keV, because of an anomalously-large predicted Gallagher-Moskowski splitting for the 1/2+[411]p-7/2-[514]n two-quasiparticle configuration and because of low predicted energies for states involving the 7/2+[404] proton orbit.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hoff, R. W.; Casten, R. F.; Bergoffen, M.; Warner, D. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">146</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7067422"> <span id="translatedtitle">Confidence intervals for the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio in case-control studies: a calculator program for Cornfield's method.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A Hewlett-Packard 67 calculator program is given to compute confidence intervals for <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios in case-control studies, using the method of Cornfield and an algorithm of Fleiss. Recent work by Brown has <span class="hlt">shown</span> Cornfield's method to be superior to other approximate methods of <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio confidence interval computation and to agree closely with Fisher's exact method. Although a calculator program for the exact method is available in the literature, the convergence times are frequently in excess of 30 min. The program for Cornfield's method given below typically yields upper and lower confidence limits in less than 2 min. PMID:7067422</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Guess, H A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">147</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999MaCom..68.1749I"> <span id="translatedtitle">The second largest prime divisor of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number exceeds ten thousand</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Let sigma(n) denote the sum of positive divisors of the natural number n. Such a number is said to be perfect if sigma(n)=2n. It is well known that a number is even and perfect if and only if it has the form 2^(p-1) (2^p-1) where 2^p-1 is prime. No <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect numbers are known, nor has any proof of their nonexistence ever been given. In the meantime, much work has been done in establishing conditions necessary for their existence. One class of necessary conditions would be lower bounds for the distinct prime divisors of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number. For example, Cohen and Hagis have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the largest prime divisor of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number must exceed 10^6, and Hagis showed that the second largest must exceed 10^3. In this paper, we improve the latter bound. In particular, we prove the statement in the title of this paper.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Iannucci, Douglas E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">148</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvL.110g6804S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electromagnetic and Thermal Responses of Z Topological Insulators and Superconductors in <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Spatial Dimensions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The relation between bulk topological invariants and experimentally observable <span class="hlt">physical</span> quantities is a fundamental property of topological insulators and superconductors. In the case of chiral symmetric systems in <span class="hlt">odd</span> spatial dimensions such as time-reversal invariant topological superconductors and topological insulators with sublattice symmetry, this relation has not been well understood. We clarify that the winding number which characterizes the bulk Z nontriviality of these systems can appear in electromagnetic and thermal responses in a certain class of heterostructure systems. It is also found that the Z nontriviality can be detected in the bulk “chiral polarization,” which is induced by magnetoelectric effects.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shiozaki, Ken; Fujimoto, Satoshi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">149</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21402546"> <span id="translatedtitle">Quantum description of T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> correlations in ternary fission</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A quantum version of a unified description of two T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects recently observed in the ternary fission of nuclei that is induced by polarized neutrons is considered. These effects are explained by the effect of the Coriolis interaction of the rotating fissile system on the angular distributions of light charged particles in the interior and exterior regions of the nucleus.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bunakov, V. E., E-mail: bunakov@vb13190.spb.ed [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Kadmensky, S. G. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-07-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">150</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53697990"> <span id="translatedtitle">Negative-parity states in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass lanthanum isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A semimicroscopic calculation is done to obtain the negative-parity states of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass lanthanum isotopes. In agreement with a recently published calculation we find that a positive deformation is needed to explain the experimental data. NUCLEAR STRUCTURE 129La; calculated levels as a function of deformation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">S. Das Gupta; N. de Takacsy</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">151</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21448580"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-order aberration cancellation in correlated-photon imaging</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We discuss a correlated two-photon imaging apparatus that is capable of producing images that are free of the effects of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-order aberration introduced by the optical system. We show that both quantum-entangled and classically correlated light sources are capable of producing the desired spatial-aberration cancellation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simon, D. S. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Photonics Center, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Sergienko, A. V. [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Photonics Center, Boston University, 8 Saint Mary's Street, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States); Department of Physics, Boston University, 590 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, Massachusetts 02215 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">152</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=colorado&pg=5&id=ED525757"> <span id="translatedtitle">Against the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Insights from One District's Small School Reform</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">"Against the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>" offers an in-depth look at the Mapleton, Colorado, school district's transformation of two traditional high schools into seven small schools, each enrolling fewer than four hundred students. This even-handed account chronicles both the heartening successes and frequent frustrations of a district-wide embrace of the small school…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cuban, Larry; Lichtenstein, Gary; Evenchik, Arthur; Tombari, Martin; Pozzoboni, Kristen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">153</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/44744620"> <span id="translatedtitle">At <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Can Supervision and Evaluation Co-exist?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This case presents a realistic scenario of what occurs when the intents of instructional supervision and evaluation are at <span class="hlt">odds</span> with one another; when supervision and growth opportunities do not reflect the needs of teachers (e.g., first-year); when the actions of the principal come to the attention of the superintendent and the union; and, when a coherent plan of working</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sally J. Zepeda</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">154</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://marketing-bulletin.massey.ac.nz/V8/MB_V8_N1_Holdershaw.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Widespread Use of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Pricing in the Retail Sector</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">All home-drop advertising material, and all advertising displayed in two free weekly newspapers, and the local daily (Manawatu Evening Standard) was analysed over a seven day period to identify the prevalence of <span class="hlt">odd</span> pricing. Each advertisement was analysed on the basis of the right-most digit displayed. In other words, if cents endings were used, the analysis was based on the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Judith Holdershaw; Philip Gendall; Ron Garland</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">155</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N9111448"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improved Techniques for Lower Bounds for <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Perfect Numbers.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">If N is an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number and q to the power K parallel verticle lines N, q prime, k even, then it is almost immediate that N is greater than q to the power (2k). Subject to certain conditions verifiable in polynomial time, it is proved that in fact N...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R. P. Brent G. Cohen H. J. J. Teriele</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">156</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12526180"> <span id="translatedtitle">a class of finite fields, for <span class="hlt">odd</span> primes lll</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Let p and l be rational primes such that l is <span class="hlt">odd</span> and the order of p mod- ulo l is even. For such primes p and l, and for e = l, 2l, we consider the non-singular projective curves aY e = bXe + cZe (abc 6= 0) defined over finite fields Fq such that q = p? ?</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">N ANURADHA</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">157</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41964754"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tropospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen and the atmospheric water vapor cycle</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A model for tropospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen is presented. It is argued that the vertical profile of HNO3, a highly soluble gas, is similar to the vertical profile of water vapor, so that the volume mixing ratio of gaseous HNO3 to water vapor is constant with altitude. The value of this mixing ratio, deduced from the observed concentration of nitrates in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">William Chameides</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">158</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ancient+AND+civilization&pg=6&id=EJ745756"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Study of <span class="hlt">Odd</span>- and Even-Number Cultures</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Japanese prefer <span class="hlt">odd</span> numbers, whereas Westerners emphasize even numbers, an observation that is clear from the distribution of number-related words in Japanese and English dictionaries. In this article, the author explains why these two cultures differ by surveying the history of numbers, including yin-yang thought from ancient China, ancient…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nishiyama, Yutaka</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">159</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21388592"> <span id="translatedtitle">Alignments, additivity, and signature inversion in <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> {sup 170}Ta: A comprehensive high-spin study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states (I < or approx. 50(Planck constant/2pi)) of the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 170}Ta have been investigated with the {sup 124}Sn({sup 51}V,5n) reaction. The resolving power of Gammasphere has allowed for the observation of eleven rotational bands (eight of which are new) and over 430 transitions (approx350 of which are new) in this nucleus. Many interband transitions have been observed such that the relative spins and excitation energies of the 11 bands have been established. This is an unusual circumstance in an <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> study. Configurations have been assigned to most of these bands based upon features such as alignment properties, band crossings, B(M1)/B(E2) ratios, and the additivity of Routhians. A systematic study of the frequency at which normal signature ordering occurs in the pih{sub 9/2}nui{sub 13/2} band has been performed and it is found that its trend is opposite to that observed in the pih{sub 11/2}nui{sub 13/2} bands. A possible interpretation of these trends is discussed based on a proton-neutron interaction.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aguilar, A.; Riley, M. A.; Teal, C.; Wang, X. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Hartley, D. J.; Mohr, W. H.; Vanhoy, J. R. [Department of Physics, U.S. Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland 21402 (United States); Carpenter, M. P.; Hecht, A. A.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; Moore, E. F.; Zhu, S. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Chowdhury, P.; Tandel, S. K. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Danchev, M.; Djongolov, M. K.; Riedinger, L. L. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Hagemann, G. B.; Sletten, G. [The Niels Bohr Institute, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-06-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">160</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55500485"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Reflecting Power and Colour Sequences <span class="hlt">shown</span> by Metals on Activation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">THE brightening of the colour sequences <span class="hlt">shown</span> by copper on continued oxidation and reduction has been observed to occur simultaneously with the increase in catalytic activity (cf. Hinshelwood, Proc. Roy. Soc., A, vol. 102, p. 318; 1923). Direct spectrophotometric observations have <span class="hlt">shown</span> (Proc. Roy. Soc., A. vol. 117, p. 377; 1928) that the reflecting power of the metals, iron, nickel,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. Hurn Constable</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1928-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">161</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active...Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active...grant of direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">162</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2009-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2009-07-01 2009-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active...Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active...grant of direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">163</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2013-07-01 2013-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active...Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active...grant of direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">164</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title26-vol13/pdf/CFR-2013-title26-vol13-sec1-6151-1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 1.6151-1 - Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6151-1 Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">165</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title26-vol19/pdf/CFR-2009-title26-vol19-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2009-01-01 2002-04-01 true Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">166</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title26-vol20/pdf/CFR-2010-title26-vol20-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">167</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2009-title26-vol20/pdf/CFR-2009-title26-vol20-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2009-04-01 2009-04-01 false Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">168</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2006-title26-vol20/pdf/CFR-2006-title26-vol20-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2006-04-01 2006-04-01 false Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">169</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2004-title26-vol19/pdf/CFR-2004-title26-vol19-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2004-01-01 2002-04-01 true Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">170</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2003-title26-vol19/pdf/CFR-2003-title26-vol19-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2003-01-01 2002-04-01 true Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">171</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2006-title26-vol19/pdf/CFR-2006-title26-vol19-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2006-01-01 2002-04-01 true Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">172</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2005-title26-vol20/pdf/CFR-2005-title26-vol20-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2005-04-01 2005-04-01 false Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">173</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2007-title26-vol20/pdf/CFR-2007-title26-vol20-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2007-04-01 2007-04-01 false Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">174</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2008-title26-vol20/pdf/CFR-2008-title26-vol20-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2008-04-01 2008-04-01 false Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">175</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2007-title26-vol19/pdf/CFR-2007-title26-vol19-sec601-901.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 601.901 - Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2007-01-01 2002-04-01 true Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. 601.901 Section...Penalty Mail in the Location and Recovery of Missing Children § 601.901 Missing children <span class="hlt">shown</span> on penalty mail. (a)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">176</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/56877"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the regulatory <span class="hlt">odds</span> with new simulation models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Complying with environmental regulations is like a horse race. When it comes to selecting pollution control technologies, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> against picking a winner are high. A system that`s supposedly an <span class="hlt">odds</span>-on favorite can come up short if the track conditions are wrong. The penalty for picking a loser is steep and even the best manufacturers can be put out to pasture for poor performance. Certainly, the stakes are high: the federal government projects that environmental rules will cost industry $184 billion annually by 2000. Others say it could be four times that. {open_quotes}But unless you have a crystal ball no one knows what it will cost{close_quotes}, says Robert Sackellares, head of the Atlanta office of SBE Environmental Company, New York City. {open_quotes}The final price tag will depend on the technologies that companies choose, and how effective they are.{close_quotes}.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Powers, M.B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-06-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">177</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22503502"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predator fitness increases with selectivity for <span class="hlt">odd</span> prey.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The fundamental currency of normative models of animal decision making is Darwinian fitness. In foraging ecology, empirical studies typically assess foraging strategies by recording energy intake rates rather than realized reproductive performance. This study provides a rare empirical link, in a vertebrate predator-prey system, between a predator's foraging behavior and direct measures of its reproductive fitness. Goshawks Accipiter gentilis selectively kill rare color variants of their principal prey, the feral pigeon Columba livia, presumably because targeting <span class="hlt">odd</span>-looking birds in large uniform flocks helps them overcome confusion effects and enhances attack success. Reproductive performance of individual hawks increases significantly with their selectivity for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-colored pigeons, even after controlling for confounding age effects. Older hawks exhibit more pronounced dietary preferences, suggesting that hunting performance improves with experience. Intriguingly, although negative frequency-dependent predation by hawks exerts strong selection against rare pigeon phenotypes, pigeon color polymorphism is maintained through negative assortative mating. PMID:22503502</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rutz, Christian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-12</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">178</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/965759"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> parity and line nodes in nonsymmorphic superconductors.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Group theory arguments have been invoked to argue that <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity order parameters cannot have line nodes in the presence of spin-orbit coupling. In this Rapid Communication we show that these arguments do not hold for certain nonsymmorphic superconductors. Specifically, we demonstrate that when the underlying crystal has a twofold screw axis, half of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity representations vanish on the Brillouin-zone face perpendicular to this axis. Many unconventional superconductors have nonsymmorphic space groups, and we discuss implications for several materials, including UPt{sub 3}, UBe{sub 13}, Li{sub 2}Pt{sub 3}B, and Na{sub 4}Ir{sub 3}O{sub 8}.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Micklitz, T.; Norman, M. R.; Materials Science Division</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">179</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999PhRvC..60d4309L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nonidentical twin bands in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 170Lu</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleus 170Lu has been studied using the 164Dy(11B,5n) reaction at 63 MeV bombarding energy. A near yrast level scheme was constructed comprising 11 rotational bands. Among them, the ?~h9/2??~i13/2 staggered semidecoupled structure has been established up to I=30?. The doubly decoupled band ?~h9/2??~12-[521] and a Newby shifted K=0 band were also found. A set of three bands resembles a band structure present in the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A isotopes. One of these shows a striking similarity in transition energies to the ?~7/2+[404] band in 171Lu and hence this pair has been cataloged as twin bands. However, their extracted moments of inertia appear to be very different and therefore they cannot be considered identical bands in the usual sense.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Levinton, G.; Kreiner, A. J.; Cardona, M. A.; Debray, M. E.; Hojman, D.; Davidson, J.; Martí, G.; Burlón, A.; Davidson, M.; Napoli, D. R.; de Poli, M.; Bazzacco, D.; Blasi, N.; Lenzi, S. M.; Lo Bianco, G.; Rossi Alvarez, C.; Vanin, V. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">180</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012APS..MARQ23011C"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-frequency triplet pairing in mixed-parity superconductors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show that mixed-parity superconductors may exhibit equal-spin pair correlations that are <span class="hlt">odd</span>-in-time and can be tuned by means of an applied field. The direction and the amplitude of the pair correlator in the spin space turn out to be strongly dependent on the symmetry of the order parameter, and thus provide a tool to identify different types of singlet-triplet mixed configurations. We suggest that <span class="hlt">odd</span>-in-time spin-polarized pair correlations can be generated without magnetic inhomogeneities in superconducting/ferromagnetic hybrids with non-centrosymmetric superconductor or when parity mixing is induced at the interface. Paola Gentile, Canio Noce, Alfonso Romano, Gaetano Annunziata, Jacob Linder, Mario Cuoco, arXiv:1109.4885</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cuoco, Mario; Gentile, Paola; Noce, Canio; Romano, Alfonso; Annunziata, Gaetano; Linder, Jacob</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span 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</span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">181</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21254844"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shape phase transitions in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate shape phase transitions in <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei within the Interacting Boson Fermion Model. Special attention is given to the case of the transition from the vibrational behaviour to the stable axial deformation. The <span class="hlt">odd</span> particle is assumed to be moving in the three single particle orbitals j = 1/2,3/2,5/2 with a boson-fermion Hamiltonian that leads to the occurrence of the SU{sup BF}(3) boson-fermion symmetry when the boson part approaches the SU(3) condition. Both energy spectra and electromagnetic transitions show characteristic patterns similar to those displayed by the even nuclei at the corresponding critical point. The role of the additional particle in characterizing the properties of the critical points in finite quantal systems is investigated by resorting to the formalism based on the intrinsic frame.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, 41080 Sevilla (Spain); Fortunato, L.; Vitturi, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica Galileo Galilei and INFN, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-11-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">182</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17160547"> <span id="translatedtitle">Testing the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model for interval-censored data.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper discusses the goodness-of-fit test for the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model for K-sample interval-censored failure time data, which frequently occur in, for example, periodic follow-up survival studies. The proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model has a feature that allows the ratio of two hazard functions to be monotonic and converge to one and provides an important tool for the modeling of survival data. To test the model, a procedure is proposed, which is a generalization of the method given in Dauxois and Kirmani [Dauxois JY, Kirmani SNUA (2003) Biometrika 90:913-922]. The asymptotic distribution of the procedure is established and its properties are evaluated by simulation studies PMID:17160547</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sun, Jianguo; Sun, Liuquan; Zhu, Chao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">183</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19088842"> <span id="translatedtitle">20mus isomeric state in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 61134Pm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recoil-isomer tagging at the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyväskylä has been used to establish the isomeric nature of a known (7-) excited state in the doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleus Pm134. The isomeric state was determined to have a half-life of 20(1) mus and was populated from the decay of a pih11\\/2?nuh11\\/2 band using the Mo92(Fe54,2alpha3pn) reaction at 305 and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. M. Cullen; P. J. R. Mason; S. V. Rigby; C. Scholey; S. Eeckhaudt; T. Grahn; P. T. Greenlees; U. Jakobsson; P. M. Jones; R. Julin; S. Juutinen; S. Ketelhut; A. M. Kishada; M. Leino; A.-P. Leppänen; K. Mäntyniemi; P. Nieminen; M. Nyman; J. Pakarinen; P. Peura; P. Rahkila; J. Sarén; J. Sorri; J. Uusitalo; B. J. Varley; M. Venhart</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">184</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6546360"> <span id="translatedtitle">Decoupling and anomalous bandcrossings in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-proton nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The anomalous bandcrossing observed in the [541] [down arrow] bands of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-[ital Z] nuclei from the rare-earth region was investigated in the framework of the particle-rotor model. The participation of the decoupling term in the [ital K]=1/2 band will give rise to a significant shift of the bandcrossing frequency, with an amplitude comparable to the observed values.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wu, C.S. (China Center of Advanced Science and Technology (World Laboratory), Center of Theoretical Physics, P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China) Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) Institute of Theoretical Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080 (China))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">185</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54819513"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electromagnetic transitions in some doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> deformed nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nanosecond lifetimes of excited states in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> deformed nuclei have been determined by in-beam measurements applying the method of delayed gamma-gamma coincidences as well as by experiments in the radioactive decay with the method of delayed gamma-ce coincidences, respectively. Analysing the time distributions and delayed gamma-ray spectra, the following half-lives of isomeric states could be obtained for the first</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K. D. Schilling; L. Käubler; W. Andrejtscheff; T. M. Muminov; V. G. Kalinnikov; N. Z. Marupov; F. R. May; W. Seidel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1978-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">186</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/n1mjg7856k2w25l6.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parent–Adolescent Conflict in Teenagers with ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Eighty-seven male teens (ages 12–18 years) with ADHD\\/<span class="hlt">ODD</span> and their parents were compared to 32 male teens and their parents in a community control (CC) group on mother, father, and teen ratings of parent–teen conflict and communication quality, parental self-reports of psychological adjustment, and direct observations of parent–teen problem-solving interactions during a neutral and conflict discussion. Parents and teens in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gwenyth Edwards; Russell A. Barkley; Margaret Laneri; Kenneth Fletcher; Lori Metevia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">187</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991MaCom..57..857B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improved techniques for lower bounds for <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect numbers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">If N is an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number, and {q^k}\\vert\\vert N , q prime, k even, then it is almost immediate that N > {q^{2k}} . We prove here that, subject to certain conditions verifiable in polynomial time, in fact N > {q^{5k/2}} . Using this and related results, we are able to extend the computations in an earlier paper to show that N > {10^{300}} .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brent, R. P.; Cohen, G. L.; Riele, H. J. J. Te</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">188</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title26-vol17/pdf/CFR-2010-title26-vol17-sec157-6151-1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 157.6151-1 - Time and place for paying of tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...TAXES (CONTINUED) EXCISE TAX ON STRUCTURED SETTLEMENT FACTORING TRANSACTIONS Procedure and Administration § 157.6151-1...returns. The tax under chapter 55 (Structured Settlement Factoring Transactions) of the Internal Revenue Code <span class="hlt">shown</span> on any...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">189</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013IJTP...52.3564R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Non-classical Properties of State Generated by the Superposition of Photon-Added Even/<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Coherent States</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Non-classical state, which is a production of the superposition of photon-added even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> coherent states (SPAEOCS), is introduced. We discussed the mathematical and <span class="hlt">physical</span> character of such state. It is found that the normalization constant of SPAEOCS is a laguerre polynomial. The quasi-probability distributions and the distribution of the quadrature are studied. We find the negative values of the Wigner function of the SPAEOCS, which shows the SPAEOCS is a non-Gaussian state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ren, Gang; Du, Jian-ming; Yu, Hai-jun; Zhang, Xiu-Lan; Xu, Ye-jun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">190</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=498834"> <span id="translatedtitle">Histiocytic and dendritic reticulum cells <span class="hlt">shown</span> by a zinc iodide-osmium technique.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Structures corresponding to histiocytic and dendritic reticulum cells have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> in human tonsillar tissue, "reactive" lymph nodes and spleens by means of a zinc iodide-osmium technique. These cell types have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> in various locations in these tissues using paraffin and resin embedded sections produced after fixation/staining of the tissue in zinc iodide-osmium. The quality of morphology attained by this procedure is much improved compared with the demonstration of the two cell types by means of alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase reactions performed on frozen sections. The zonal architecture of the lymphoid follicle is emphasised by this technique. In lymph nodes, sinus lining cells are also <span class="hlt">shown</span>. Lymphoid cells, polymorphs, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells are negative with the zinc iodide-osmium method. In addition, interdigitating cells are not stained. The results of this procedure are compared with those with those of other methods for the demonstration of histiocytic and dendritic reticulum cells. Images</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Crocker, J; Hopkins, M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">191</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvC..86c5505C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Search for a T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even triple correlation in neutron decay</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Time-reversal-invariance violation, or equivalently CP violation, may explain the observed cosmological baryon asymmetry as well as indicate <span class="hlt">physics</span> beyond the Standard Model. In the decay of polarized neutrons, the triple correlation D<J?n>/Jn·(??e×p??) is a parity-even, time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> observable that is uniquely sensitive to the relative phase of the axial-vector amplitude with respect to the vector amplitude. The triple correlation is also sensitive to possible contributions from scalar and tensor amplitudes. Final-state effects contribute to D at the level of 10-5 and can be calculated with a precision of 1% or better.Purpose: We have improved the sensitivity to T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even interactions in nuclear ? decay.Methods: We measured proton-electron coincidences from decays of longitudinally polarized neutrons with a highly symmetric detector array designed to cancel the time-reversal-even, parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Standard-Model contributions to polarized neutron decay. Over 300 million proton-electron coincidence events were used to extract D and study systematic effects in a blind analysis.Results: We find D=[-0.94±1.89(stat)±0.97(sys)]×10-4. This differs from the result of our recent paper [Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.107.102301 107, 102301 (2011)] due to refinement of corrections for background and backscattering.Conclusions: This is the most sensitive measurement of D in nuclear ? decay. Our result can be interpreted as a measurement of the phase of the ratio of the axial-vector and vector coupling constants (CA/CV=|?|ei?AV) with ?AV=180.012?±0.028? (68% confidence level). This result can also be used to constrain time-reversal-violating scalar and tensor interactions that arise in certain extensions to the Standard Model such as leptoquarks.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chupp, T. E.; Cooper, R. L.; Coulter, K. P.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; García, A.; Jones, G. L.; Mumm, H. P.; Nico, J. S.; Thompson, A. K.; Trull, C. A.; Wietfeldt, F. E.; Wilkerson, J. F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">192</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10371452"> <span id="translatedtitle">High spatial resolution EPI using an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of interleaves.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Ghost artifacts in echoplanar imaging (EPI) arise from phase errors caused by differences in eddy currents and gradient ramping during left-to-right traversal of kx(forward echo) versus right-to-left traversal of kx (reverse echo). Reference scans do not always reduce the artifact and may make image quality worse. To eliminate the need for reference scans, a ghost artifact reduction technique based on image phase correction was developed, in which phase errors are directly estimated from images reconstructed separately using only the forward or only the reverse echos. In practice, this technique is applicable only to single-shot EPI that produces only one ghost (shifted 1/2 the field of view from the parent image), because the technique requires that the ghosts do not completely overlap the parent image. For higher spatial resolution, typically an even number of separate k-space traversals (interleaves) are combined to produce one large data set. In this paper, we show that data obtained from an even number of interleaves cannot be combined to produce only one ghost, and image phase correction cannot be applied. We then show that data obtained from an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of interleaves can be combined to produce only one ghost, and image phase correction can be applied to reduce ghost intensity significantly. This "<span class="hlt">odd</span>-number interleaf EPI" provides spatial and temporal resolution tradeoffs that are complementary to, or can replace, those of even-number interleaf EPI. <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-number interleaf EPI may be particularly useful for MR systems in which reference scans have been unreliable. PMID:10371452</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Buonocore, M H; Zhu, D C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">193</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22056129"> <span id="translatedtitle">Type of Diabetes Mellitus and the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Gleason Score 8 to 10 Prostate Cancer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: It has been recently <span class="hlt">shown</span> that diabetes mellitus (DM) is significantly associated with the likelihood of presenting with high-grade prostate cancer (PCa) or Gleason score (GS) 8 to 10; however, whether this association holds for both Type 1 and 2 DM is unknown. In this study we evaluated whether DM Type 1, 2, or both are associated with high-grade PCa after adjusting for known predictors of high-grade disease. Methods and Materials: Between 1991 and 2010, a total of 15,330 men diagnosed with PCa and treated with radiation therapy were analyzed. A polychotomous logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate whether Type 1 or 2 DM was associated with <span class="hlt">odds</span> of GS 7 or GS 8 to 10 compared with 6 or lower PCa, adjusting for African American race, age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, and digital rectal examination findings. Results: Men with Type 1 DM (adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio [AOR], 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28-3.27; p = 0.003) or Type 2 DM (AOR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.26-1.99; p < 0.001) were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with GS 8 to 10 PCa compared with nondiabetic men. However this was not true for GS 7, for which these respective results were AOR, 1.30; 95% CI, 0.93-1.82; p = 0.12 and AOR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.98-1.32; p = 0.10. Conclusion: Type 1 and 2 DM were associated with a higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> of being diagnosed with Gleason score 8 to 10 but not 7 PCa. Pending validation, men who are diagnosed with Type I DM with GS 7 or lower should be considered for additional workup to rule out occult high-grade disease.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kang, Josephine, E-mail: jkang3@partners.org [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, MA (United States); Chen Minghui; Zhang Yuanye [Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States); Moran, Brian J. [Prostate Cancer Foundation of Chicago, Westmont, IL (United States); Dosoretz, Daniel E.; Katin, Michael J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 21 Century Oncology, Inc., Fort Myers, FL (United States); Braccioforte, Michelle H. [Prostate Cancer Foundation of Chicago, Westmont, IL (United States); Salenius, Sharon A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 21 Century Oncology, Inc., Fort Myers, FL (United States); D'Amico, Anthony V. [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">194</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.andrewnewberg.com/pdfs/2003/TRODAT_Depression.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Greater Availability of Brain Dopamine Transporters in Major Depression <span class="hlt">Shown</span> by</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: Studies of laboratory animals have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that administration of anti- depressants of all pharmacological classes produces changes in dopamine trans- porter binding affinity. These observa- tions suggest that dopamine transporter function may play a critical role in the pathophysiology of depression. The present study was an examination of the availability of brain dopamine trans- porter sites in patients with</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">David J. Brunswick; Jay D. Amsterdam; David Mozley; Andrew Newberg</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">195</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55205859"> <span id="translatedtitle">An uncommon nucleotide conformation <span class="hlt">shown</span> by molecular structure of deoxyuridine-5'-phosphate and nucleic acid stereochemistry</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">CRYSTAL structure determinations of nucleic acid fragments have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that several of the conformational features found in the monomeric building blocks are also manifested at the nucleic acid level. Stereochemical variations between thymine and uracil nucleotides are therefore of interest as they can provide a structural basis for some of the differences between the conformations of DNA and RNA. X-ray</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. A. Viswamitra; T. P. Seshadri</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">196</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ars.usda.gov/research/publications/Publications.htm?seq_no_115=208504"> <span id="translatedtitle">INVOLVEMENT OF MICRORNAS IN EMBRYONIC GENOME ACTIVATION AS <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> BY DICER EXPRESSION IN RAINBOW TROUT</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ars.usda.gov/services/TekTran.htm">Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Most maternal transcripts including many housekeeping genes are degraded at or around embryonic genome activation as evidenced by our initial studies. This degradation appears to be global but highly regulated. MicroRNAs are naturally occurring small (19-24bp) RNAs that are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be involved in m...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">197</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47291416"> <span id="translatedtitle">Obesity: new insight into the anthropometric classification of fat distribution <span class="hlt">shown</span> by computed tomography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Twenty eight women presenting for routine computed tomography had their waist, hip, and thigh circumferences measured. The ratio of the area of intra-abdominal fat to the area of subcutaneous fat <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the computed tomogram taken at the umbilical level was calculated and found to correlate highly significantly with the ratio of waist to hip circumference. The correlation between these</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M Ashwell; T J Cole; A K Dixon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">198</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/sd0019.photos.189352p/"> <span id="translatedtitle">32. DETAIL OF WALL <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN SD231. BEHIND WALL FRAMING ...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p class="result-summary">32. DETAIL OF WALL <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN SD-2-31. BEHIND WALL FRAMING IS SAMPLING ROOM WITH WOOD SAMPLING ELEVATOR. CRUSHED OXIDIZED ORE BIN ON LEFT (SOUTH). - Bald Mountain Gold Mill, Nevada Gulch at head of False Bottom Creek, Lead, Lawrence County, SD</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">199</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvL.108q0603S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nonequilibrium Thermodynamics of Stochastic Systems with <span class="hlt">Odd</span> and Even Variables</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The total entropy production of stochastic systems can be divided into three quantities. The first corresponds to the excess heat, while the second two comprise the housekeeping heat. We denote these two components the transient and generalized housekeeping heat and we obtain an integral fluctuation theorem for the latter, valid for all Markovian stochastic dynamics. A previously reported formalism is obtained when the stationary probability distribution is symmetric for all variables that are <span class="hlt">odd</span> under time reversal, which restricts consideration of directional variables such as velocity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spinney, Richard E.; Ford, Ian J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">200</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21316575"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rotating <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity Lorentz invariance test in electrodynamics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We report the first operation of a rotating <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity Lorentz invariance test in electrodynamics using a microwave Mach-Zehnder interferometer with permeable material in one arm. The experiment sets a direct bound to {kappa}{sub tr} of -0.3{+-}3x10{sup -7}. Using new power recycled waveguide interferometer techniques (with the highest spectral resolution ever achieved of 2x10{sup -11} rad/{radical}(Hz)) we show an improvement of several orders of magnitude is attainable in the future.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tobar, Michael E.; Ivanov, Eugene N.; Le Floch, Jean-Michel G.; Hartnett, John G. [School of Physics, University of Western Australia (Australia); Stanwix, Paul L. [Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' 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src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">201</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993PhRvC..48.2246D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Near yrast states in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 214Fr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High spin states of doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 214Fr127 have been investigated using in-beam ?-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy techniques through the 206Pb(11B, 3n) and 208Pb(11B, 5n) fusion-evaporation reactions. Completely new spectrocopic information has been obtained. The yrast level structure is established up to spin (19+) and some information on ? transitions from higher-lying levels is also obtained. Two new isomers T1/2=174(20) ns and T1/2=11(2) ns were found. Configuration assignments for the low-lying levels are discussed. Information on residual proton-neutron interactions is extracted.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Debray, M. E.; Kreiner, A. J.; Kesque, J. M.; Ozafran, M.; Romo, A.; Somacal, H.; Vazquez, M. E.; Davidson, J.; Davidson, M.; Ahn, K.; Fossan, D. B.; Liang, Y.; Ma, R.; Paul, E. S.; Piel, W. F., Jr.; et al.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">202</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1019486"> <span id="translatedtitle">QCD evolution of naive-time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fragmentation functions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study QCD evolution equations of the first transverse-momentum moment of the naive-time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fragmentation functions - the Collins function and the polarizing fragmentation function. We find for the Collins function case that the evolution kernel has a diagonal piece the same as that for the transversity fragmentation function, while for the polarizing fragmentation function case this piece is the same as that for the unpolarized fragmentation function. Our results might have important implications in the current global analysis of spin asymmetries.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kang, Z.B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-17</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">203</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011ScChG..54..683T"> <span id="translatedtitle">Flow past polygons with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of edges</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In Tian and Wu (2009), the present authors studied the inviscid and viscous flow past polygons with an arbitrary but even number of edges and with one apex pointing to the free stream. Here we extend the results to the flow past polygons with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of edges, and an arbitrary direction. Flow features such as the shape of stationary lines, stabilities of vortex pairs, 1st critical Reynolds numbers, and flow patterns with separations, similar to or different from the results for even-sided polygons, are identified.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tian, ZhongWei; Niu, HongTao; Wu, ZiNiu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">204</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21504931"> <span id="translatedtitle">QCD evolution of naive-time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fragmentation functions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study QCD evolution equations of the first transverse-momentum moment of the naive-time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fragmentation functions--the Collins function and the polarizing fragmentation function. We find for the Collins function case that the evolution kernel has a diagonal piece the same as that for the transversity fragmentation function, while for the polarizing fragmentation function case this piece is the same as that for the unpolarized fragmentation function. Our results might have important implications in the current global analysis of spin asymmetries.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kang Zhongbo [RIKEN BNL Research Center, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">205</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48637763"> <span id="translatedtitle">Closed form integration of a hyperelliptic, <span class="hlt">odd</span> powers, undamped oscillator</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A known one-dimensional, undamped, anharmonic, unforced oscillator whose restoring force is a displacement’s <span class="hlt">odd</span> polynomial\\u000a function, is exactly solved via the Gauss and Appell hypergeometric functions, revealing a new fully integrable nonlinear\\u000a system. Our t=t(x) equation—and its correspondent x=x(t) obtained via the Lagrange reversion approach—can then added to the (not rich) collection of highly nonlinear oscillating\\u000a systems integrable in closed</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Daniele Ritelli</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">206</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23071297"> <span id="translatedtitle">Controlled biosynthesis of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-chain fuels and chemicals via engineered modular metabolic pathways.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Microbial systems are being increasingly developed as production hosts for a wide variety of chemical compounds. Broader adoption of microbial synthesis is hampered by a limited number of high-yielding natural pathways for molecules with the desired <span class="hlt">physical</span> properties, as well as the difficulty in functionally assembling complex biosynthetic pathways in heterologous hosts. Here, we address both of these challenges by reporting the adaptation of the butanol biosynthetic pathway for the synthesis of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-chain molecules and the development of a complementary modular toolkit to facilitate pathway construction, characterization, and optimization in engineered Escherichia coli. The modular feature of our pathway enables multientry and multiexit biosynthesis of various <span class="hlt">odd</span>-chain compounds at high efficiency. By varying combinations of the pathway and toolkit enzymes, we demonstrate controlled production of propionate, trans-2-pentenoate, valerate, and pentanol, compounds with applications that include biofuels, antibiotics, biopolymers, and aroma chemicals. Importantly, and in contrast to a previously used method to identify limitations in heterologous amorphadiene production, our bypass strategy was effective even without the presence of freely membrane-diffusible substrates. This approach should prove useful for optimization of other pathways that use CoA-derivatized intermediates, including fatty acid ?-oxidation and the mevalonate pathway for isoprenoid synthesis. PMID:23071297</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tseng, Hsien-Chung; Prather, Kristala L J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-10-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">207</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2998205"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios for Mediation Analysis for a Dichotomous Outcome</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For dichotomous outcomes, the authors discuss when the standard approaches to mediation analysis used in epidemiology and the social sciences are valid, and they provide alternative mediation analysis techniques when the standard approaches will not work. They extend definitions of controlled direct effects and natural direct and indirect effects from the risk difference scale to the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio scale. A simple technique to estimate direct and indirect effect <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios by combining logistic and linear regressions is described that applies when the outcome is rare and the mediator continuous. Further discussion is given as to how this mediation analysis technique can be extended to settings in which data come from a case-control study design. For the standard mediation analysis techniques used in the epidemiologic and social science literatures to be valid, an assumption of no interaction between the effects of the exposure and the mediator on the outcome is needed. The approach presented here, however, will apply even when there are interactions between the effect of the exposure and the mediator on the outcome.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">VanderWeele, Tyler J.; Vansteelandt, Stijn</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">208</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JPhA...46M5302D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multipartite quantum correlations in even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> spin coherent states</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The key ingredient of the approach presented in this paper is the factorization property of SU(2) coherent states upon the splitting or decay of a quantum spin system. In this picture, the even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> spin coherent states are viewed as comprising two, three or more spin sub-systems. From this perspective, we investigate the multipartite quantum correlations defined as the sum of the correlations of all possible bi-partitions. The pairwise quantum correlations are quantified by entanglement of formation and quantum discord. Special attention is devoted to tripartite splitting schemes. We explicitly derive the sum of the entanglement of formation for all possible bi-partitions. It coincides with the sum of all possible occurrences of pairwise quantum discord. The conservation relation between the distribution of entanglement of formation and quantum discord in the tripartite splitting scheme is discussed. We show that entanglement of formation and quantum discord possess the monogamy property for even spin coherent states, in contrast to <span class="hlt">odd</span> ones which violate the monogamy relation when the overlap of the coherent states approaches unity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Daoud, M.; Ahl Laamara, R.; Kaydi, W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">209</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/949611"> <span id="translatedtitle">Signature inversion in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> {sup124}La.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states have been studied in neutron-deficient {sup 124}{sub 57}La{sub 67}, populated through the {sup 64}Zn({sup 64}Zn,3pn) reaction at 260 MeV. The Gammasphere {gamma}-ray spectrometer has been used in conjunction with the Microball charged-particle detector, the Neutron Shell, and the Argonne Fragment Mass Analyzer, in order to select evaporation residues of interest. The known band structures have been extended and new bands found. Most of the bands are linked together, allowing more consistent spin and parity assignments. Comparison of band properties to cranking calculations has allowed configuration assignments to be made and includes the first identification of the g{sub 9/2} proton-hole in an <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> lanthanum isotope. Two bands have been assigned a {pi}h{sub 11/2}{circle_times}{nu}h{sub 11/2} structure; the yrast one exhibits a signature inversion in its level energies below I=18.5{Dirac_h}, while the excited one exhibits a signature inversion above I=18.5{Dirac_h}.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chantler, H. J.; Paul, E. S.; Boston, A. J.; Carpenter, M. P.; Charity, R.; Chiara, C. J.; Choy, P. T. W.; Davids, C. N.; Devlin, M.; Fletcher, A. M.; Fossan, D. B.; Jenkins, D. G.; Kelsall, N. S.; Koike, T.; LaFosse, D. R.; Nolan, P. J.; Sarantites, D. G.; Seweryniak, D.; Smith, J. F.; Starosta, K.; Wadsworth, R.; Wilson, A. N.; Physics; Univ. of Liverpool; Washington Univ.; State Univ. of New York, Stony Brook; Univ. of Manchester; Univ. of York</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">210</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3410987"> <span id="translatedtitle">Semiparametric Efficient Estimation for a Class of Generalized Proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Cure Models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a mixture cure model with the survival time of the “uncured” group coming from a class of linear transformation models, which is an extension of the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model. This class of model, first proposed by Dabrowska and Doksum (1988), which we term “generalized proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model,” is well suited for the mixture cure model setting due to a clear separation between long-term and short-term effects. A standard expectation–maximization algorithm can be employed to locate the nonparametric maximum likelihood estimators, which are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be consistent and semiparametric efficient. However, there are difficulties in the M-step due to the nonparametric component. We overcome these difficulties by proposing two different algorithms. The first is to employ an majorize-minimize (MM) algorithm in the M-step instead of the usual Newton–Raphson method, and the other is based on an alternative form to express the model as a proportional hazards frailty model. The two new algorithms are compared in a simulation study with an existing estimating equation approach by Lu and Ying (2004). The MM algorithm provides both computational stability and efficiency. A case study of leukemia data is conducted to illustrate the proposed procedures.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mao, Meng; Wang, Jane-Ling</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">211</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/id0443.photos.219911p/"> <span id="translatedtitle">ETR BUILDING, TRA642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN ID33G101, ANOTHER ...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ETR BUILDING, TRA-642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN ID-33-G-101, ANOTHER VIEW. PERSONNEL DOORWAY INTO CHAMBER IDENTIFIES SODIUM HAZARD AND POSSIBILITY OF INERT GAS. LIQUID SODIUM COOLANT WAS USED IN A SPECIAL ETR LOOP ADAPTED FOR IT IN 1972. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD24-3-2. Mike Crane, Photographer, 11/2000 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">212</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21419521"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multi-quasiparticle structures up to spin {approx}44({h_bar}/2{pi}) in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 168}Ta</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 168}Ta have been populated in the {sup 120}Sn({sup 51}V,3n) reaction. Two multi-quasiparticle structures have been extended significantly from spin {approx}20({h_bar}/2{pi}) to above 40({h_bar}/2{pi}). As a result, the first rotational alignment has been fully delineated and a second band crossing has been observed for the first time in this nucleus. Configurations for these strongly coupled rotational bands are proposed based on signature splitting, B(M1)/B(E2) ratio information, and observed rotation-alignment behavior. Properties of the observed bands in {sup 168}Ta are compared to related structures in the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z, <span class="hlt">odd</span>-N, and <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei and are discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, X.; Riley, M. A.; Aguilar, A.; Teal, C. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States); Hartley, D. J.; Seyfried, E. P.; Vanhoy, J. R. [Department of Physics, United States Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland 21402 (United States); Riedinger, L. L.; Darby, I. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; McCutchan, E. A.; Zhu, S. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Chiara, C. J.; Kondev, F. G. [Nuclear Engineering Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, S. K.; Tandel, U. S. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">213</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011CQGra..28j5020D"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-parity perturbations of the self-similar LTB spacetime</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the behaviour of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity perturbations of those self-similar Lemaître-Tolman-Bondi spacetimes which admit a naked singularity. We find that a perturbation which evolves from initially regular data remains finite on the Cauchy horizon. Finiteness is demonstrated by considering the behaviour of suitable energy norms of the perturbation (and pointwise values of these quantities) on natural spacelike hypersurfaces. This result holds for a general choice of initial data and initial data surface. Finally, we examine the perturbed Weyl scalars in order to provide a <span class="hlt">physical</span> interpretation of our results. Taken on its own, this result does not support cosmic censorship; however, a full perturbation of this spacetime would include even-parity perturbations, so we cannot conclude that this spacetime is stable to all linear perturbations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Duffy, Emily M.; Nolan, Brien C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">214</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991LNP...395..203M"> <span id="translatedtitle">An even-parity/<span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity formulation for deterministic transport calculations on massively parallel computers (U)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have developed a highly parallel deterministic method for performing time-dependent particle (neutron, gamma-ray, or thermal radiation) transport calculations on arbitrarily connected 3-D tetrahedral meshes. The standard discrete-ordinates method, which is used to solve the first-order form of the transport equation, is extremely cumbersome to apply on such meshes and is based upon a mesh sweeping algorithm that is highly sequential in nature. A serial 1-D code for the CRAY-YMP and a parallel 1-D code for the CM-2 (Connection Machine) have been written to test our basic method. Comparisons between these two codes have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that our new even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> parity method is highly parallelizable.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Morel, J. E.; Olvey, L. A.; Claborn, G. W.; Josef, J. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">215</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/6336115"> <span id="translatedtitle">Checking the numbers for the labyrinths <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the SSC (Superconducting Super Collider) conceptual design</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Reviewed are the designs for access labyrinths presently <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the Conceptual Design Report to see if they are reasonable for radiation protection purposes. This matter was previously studied two years ago in a Fermilab TM (Co85a). The methods used are based upon scaling the results of calculations done by Gollon and Awschalom. Confidence in the results has been fortified by a successful experimental test. The Conceptual Design Report shows two types of access labyrinths which are significantly different. The first type is that at a Sector Service Area, while the second is that provided for personnel entry to the Interaction Regions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cossairt, J.D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">216</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/e2115431021873q2.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The parallel development of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD symptoms from early childhood to adolescence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study examined the developmental relations between symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and conduct disorder\\u000a (CD) from early childhood to adolescence. Specifically we tested, according to parent-reported problems, whether symptoms\\u000a of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> precede the development of CD symptoms, whether <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD symptoms are reciprocally associated across time, or whether\\u000a <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD symptoms develop parallel to each other</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sofia Diamantopoulou; Frank C. Verhulst; Jan van der Ende</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">217</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5916711"> <span id="translatedtitle">Near yrast states in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> [sup 214]Fr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High spin states of doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> [sup 214]Fr[sub 127] have been investigated using in-beam [gamma]-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy techniques through the [sup 206]Pb([sup 11]B, 3[ital n]) and [sup 208]Pb([sup 11]B, 5[ital n]) fusion-evaporation reactions. Completely new spectrocopic information has been obtained. The yrast level structure is established up to spin (19[sup +]) and some information on [gamma] transitions from higher-lying levels is also obtained. Two new isomers [ital T][sub 1/2]=174(20) ns and [ital T][sub 1/2]=11(2) ns were found. Configuration assignments for the low-lying levels are discussed. Information on residual proton-neutron interactions is extracted.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Debray, M.E.; Kreiner, A.J.; Kesque, J.M.; Ozafran, M.; Romo, A.; Somacal, H.; Vazquez, M.E. (Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Buenos Aires (Argentina)); Davidson, J.; Davidson, M. (Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina)); Ahn, K.; Fossan, D.B.; Liang, Y.; Ma, R.; Paul, E.S.; Piel, W.F. Jr.; Xu, N. (Physics Department, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">218</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AIPC..961..291B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Decay Properties of N = 77 <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z Isotones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The systematics of the ?h11/2??h11/2 and ?h11/2??s1/2 isomeric configurations were studied for the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z N = 77 isotones near the proton dripline. The spin and parity of I? = 8+ and 5- were deduced for the isomers in 140Eu and 142Tb. No evidence for the expected 1+ ground-state was found in the 144Ho decay data. The proton emission from 146Tm was restudied and the spin and parity values of I? = 10+ and 5- were established for 146mTm and 146gsTm, respectively. The interpretation of the observed decay properties and structure of the proton-emitting states was made by accounting for deformation and proton and neutron coupling to the core excitations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Batchelder, J. C.; Tantawy, M. N.; Bingham, C. R.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Królas, W.; Danchev, M.; Fong, D.; Ginter, T. N.; Gross, C. J.; Grzywacz, R.; Hagino, K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Hartley, D. J.; Karny, M.; Li, K.; Mazzocchi, C.; Piechaczek, A.; Ramayya, A. V.; Rykaczewski, K.; Shapira, D.; Stolz, A.; Winger, J. A.; Yu, C.-H.; Zganjar, E. F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">219</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997PhDT........56L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> electron number effect in small superconducting islands</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We report an experimental study of the behavior of superconducting single-electron transistors. It consists of a small superconducting island weakly coupled to two bias leads through low-capacitance tunnel junctions and capacitively coupled to a gate electrode. The total capacitance of the island to the external circuit is so small that the device behavior is dominated by single- electron charging effects. At low bias voltages, we have studied the mechanisms of charge transport (Andreev reflection or Cooper pair tunneling) when the island is coupled to either normal metal leads (NSN configuration) or superconducting leads (SSS configuration). The main focus of this thesis is to study the even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> electron number effect in single-electron transistors. We demonstrate that the behavior of the device depends strongly on whether the island contains an even or an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of electrons, even when the number of conduction electrons is as large as 109. This behavior, also referred as a parity effect, is a result of electron pairing in the superconductor. We have conducted a detailed study of the temperature, magnetic field, and length dependence of this parity effect, and explain our results with a simple equilibrium model. We have also observed an unexpected phenomenon. With longer islands at low temperatures, there is a marked reduction below the prediction of orthodox theory of the Coulomb blockade modulation width. This modulation appears to fall roughly exponentially with the island length, with a characteristic length of ~18 ?m. We describe different models which are either found to be inadequate or feasible to explain our observation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lu, Jia Grace</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">220</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0160-4120(94)90113-9"> <span id="translatedtitle">Organic solute changes with acidification in Lake Skjervatjern as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by 1H-NMR spectroscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1H-NMR spectroscopy has been found to be a useful tool to establish possible real differences and trends between all natural organic solute fractions (fulvic acids, humic acids, and XAD-4 acids) after acid-rain additions to the Lake Skjervatjern watershed. The proton NMR technique used in this study determined the spectral distribution of nonexchangeable protons among four peaks (aliphatic protons; aliphatic protons on carbon ?? or attached to electronegative groups; protons on carbons attached to O or N heteroatoms; and aromatic protons). Differences of 10% or more in the respective peak areas were considered to represent a real difference. After one year of acidification, fulvic acids decreased 13% (relative) in Peak 3 protons on carbon attached to N and O heteratoms and exhibited a decrease in aromatic protons between 27% and 31%. Humic acids also exhibited an 11% relative decrease in aromatic protons as a result of acidification. After one year of acidification, real changes were <span class="hlt">shown</span> in three of the four proton assignments in XAD-4 acids. Peak 1 aliphatic protons increased by 14% (relative), Peak 3 protons on carbons attached to O and N heteroatoms decreased by 13% (relative), and aromatic protons (Peak 4) decreased by 35% (relative). Upon acidification, there was a trend in all solutes for aromatic protons to decrease and aliphatic protons to increase. The natural variation in organic solutes as <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the Control Side B of the lake from 1990 to 1991 is perhaps a small limitation to the same data interpretations of acid rain changes at the Lake Skjervatjern site, but the proton NMR technique shows great promise as an independent scientific tool to detect and support other chemical techniques in establishing organic solute changes with different treatments (i.e., additions of acid rain).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malcolm, R. L.; Hayes, T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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style="font-weight: bold;">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">221</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=DE84700707"> <span id="translatedtitle">Program for Calculation of the E1, E2 and M1 Transition Probabilities in <span class="hlt">Odd-Odd</span> Nuclei Taking the Coriolis Mixing into Account.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A computer program for calulation of the E1, E2 and M1 reduced transition probabilities in deformed <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei is given. The program is written as an FCN subroutine for the MINUIT minimizing program. The program is based on the ''two quasi-particles +...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Z. Hons J. Kvasil</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">222</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008MSSP...22..805I"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cracked rotors: Industrial machine case histories and nonlinear effects <span class="hlt">shown</span> by simple Jeffcott rotor</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Horizontal rotors are always imposed to periodic stresses and, therefore, a crack due to a fatigue is unavoidable. The proper diagnosis of machinery is necessary to prevent tragic accidents and the vibration monitoring is the most important tool for such a diagnosis system. In order to develop a monitoring system that can detect a crack in an early stage of propagation, it is important to know the vibration characteristics of a cracked rotor. A crack opens or closes due to the direction of the lateral deflection. Therefore, a cracked rotor has nonlinear spring characteristics of a piecewise linear type. In order to diagnose the vibration characteristics properly, it is essential to understand the behavior caused by the nonlinearity. These piecewise linear characteristics make a directional difference in stiffness and this difference rotates with the rotor. As the result, the coefficients of linear and nonlinear terms in restoring forces become time dependent. According to the <span class="hlt">physical</span> characteristics, cracked rotors can be classified into a class of nonlinear parametrically excited system. At first, this article introduces case histories of cracks found in industrial machines. Secondly, it explains the vibration characteristics of various kinds of resonances due to cracks using simple Jeffcott rotor with nonlinear spring characteristics. The utilization of the nonstationary vibrations for monitoring system is also explained.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ishida, Yukio</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">223</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004ApJ...605L..25K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Halo Structure <span class="hlt">Shown</span> by RR Lyrae Stars in the Anticenter Direction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Newberg et al., Yanny et al., Ibata et al., Rocha-Pinto et al., and Martin et al. have reported overdensities of stars that form a ring with a galactocentric distance (Rgal) of <~18 kpc. Martin et al. and Frinchaboy et al. have found star clusters associated with these overdensities; Martin et al. found what seems to be the central overdensity in Canis Major, so we shall refer to it as the CMa ring. The stars in the CMa ring have a small velocity dispersion and [Fe/H] of about -0.4 and -1.6, respectively. Zinn et al. found a small RR Lyrae overdensity in the more populous southern arc of the CMa ring. We do not find any overdensity of RR Lyrae stars in a 65 deg2 field that covers a more tenuous part of the ring in the anticenter. Existing evidence suggests that the halo component of the CMa ring has a horizontal-branch (HB) morphology that does not favor RR Lyrae stars; the evidence from the associated clusters suggests that it may be richer in blue HB stars. Our RR Lyrae sample in the anticenter contains three groups (each containing three stars that have a high probability of <span class="hlt">physical</span> association). These groups account for half of the RR Lyrae stars with 17 kpc<=Rgal<=28 kpc in this field; all of these RR Lyrae stars are of Oosterhoff I type. It is suggested that they may be globular cluster remnants.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kinman, T. D.; Saha, A.; Pier, J. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">224</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1260291"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multiple conductances in the large K+ channel from Chara corallina <span class="hlt">shown</span> by a transient analysis method.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The large conductance K+ channel in the tonoplast of Chara corallina has subconductance states (substates). We describe a method that detects substates by monitoring the time derivative of channel current. Substates near to the full conductance tend to have long durations and high probabilities, while those of smaller amplitude occur with less probability and short duration. The substate pattern is similar in cell-attached, inside-out and outside-out patches over a range of temperatures. The pattern changes at high Ca2+ concentration (10 mol m-3) on the cytoplasmic face of inside-out patches. One substate at approximately 50% of the full conductance is characterized by a high frequency of transitions from the full conductance level. This midstate conductance is not a constant proportion of the full conductance but changes as a function of membrane potential difference (p.d.) showing strong inward rectification. We suggest that the channel is a single pore that can change conformation and/or charge profile to give different conductances. The mean durations of the full conductance level and the midstate decrease as the membrane p.d. becomes more negative. Programs for analysis of channel kinetics based on an half-amplitude detection criterion are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be unsuitable for analysis of the K+ channel. Images FIGURE 1 FIGURE 3 FIGURE 4 FIGURE 5 FIGURE 6 FIGURE 7 FIGURE 8 FIGURE 9 FIGURE 15 FIGURE 16</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tyerman, S D; Terry, B R; Findlay, G P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">225</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11537415"> <span id="translatedtitle">Physiologic mechanisms effecting circulatory and body fluid losses in weightlessness as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by mathematical modeling.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The mechanisms causing large body water losses in weightlessness are not clear. It has long been considered that a central volume expansion drives the physiologic adaptation to a reduced total blood volume, with normal blood composition eventually regained. However, inflight venous pressure measures suggest that central volume expansion in weightlessness may be very transient, or that considerable cardiovascular adaptation to fluid shifts occurs on the ground while astronauts wait in the semi-supine pre-launch position. If a central volume stimulus does not persist, other mechanisms must drive the adaptation of circulation to a reduced blood volume and account for body fluid losses. Recent results from the SLS-1 mission suggest that body fluid volumes do not simply decline to new equilibria but that they decrease to a low point, then undergo some recovery. Similar "under-shoots" of body fluid volumes have also been <span class="hlt">shown</span> in computer simulations, providing confidence in the validity of the model. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms which could explain the loss of body fluids in weightlessness and how a cardiovascular preadaptation countermeasure we previously tested ameliorated body fluid losses. It is assumed that the physiology of head down tilt (HDT) provides a reasonably accurate analog of weightless exposure. PMID:11537415</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simanonok, K E; Srinivasan, R S; Charles, J B</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">226</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55148323"> <span id="translatedtitle">Super-Genotype: Global Monoclonality Defies the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Nature</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Not Available Bibtex entry for this abstract Preferred format for this abstract (see Preferences) Find Similar Abstracts: Use: Authors Title Return: Query Results Return items starting with number Query Form Database: Astronomy <span class="hlt">Physics</span> arXiv e-prints</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Johannes J. Le Roux; Ania M. Wieczorek; Mark G. Wright; Carol T. Tran; Shin-Han Shiu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">227</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3383894"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Interplay Among Preschool Child and Family Factors and the Development of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> Symptoms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective The present study examined (a) the interactions between early behavior, early parenting, and early family adversity in predicting later <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms, and (b) the reciprocal relations between parent functioning and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms across the preschool years. Method Participants were 258 3-year-old children (138 boys and 120 girls) and their parents from diverse backgrounds who participated in a 4-year longitudinal study. Results Early child behavior, parenting, and family adversity did not significantly interact in the predicted direction. Reciprocal relations between <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms and parent functioning were observed for maternal and paternal depression, and maternal warmth. Paternal laxness at age 4 predicted <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms at age 5 and paternal laxness at age 5 predicted <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms at age 6, but child <span class="hlt">ODD</span> did not significantly predict paternal laxness. Conclusion Results suggest that <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms may develop through a transactional process between parent and child functioning across the preschool years.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Harvey, Elizabeth A.; Metcalfe, Lindsay A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">228</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18498946"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hemispheric specialization in Australian magpies (Gymnorhina tibicen) <span class="hlt">shown</span> as eye preferences during response to a predator.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Brain lateralization in birds is frequently expressed as a preference to view stimuli with one eye using the lateral monocular visual field. As few studies have investigated lateralized behaviour in wild birds, we scored eye preferences of Australian magpies (Gymnorhina tibicen) performing anti-predator responses. When animals deal with potential predators by mobbing them, constant assessment is needed to consider whether to approach, mob or withdraw. When presented with a taxidermic specimen of a monitor lizard, the magpies assembled on the ground close to the lizard and circled, pecked, jumped over, viewed and approached, or withdrew from it. Using video footage, the monocular fixations prior to or during performance of these activities were scored and the following significant eye preferences were found. Prior to withdrawing, the magpies viewed the lizard with the left eye (LE) (85% of events). Prior to approaching, the right eye (RE) was used (72%). Hence, the left hemisphere is used to process visual inputs prior to approaching the predator and the right hemisphere prior to withdrawing from it. This result is consistent with hemispheric specialization <span class="hlt">shown</span> in other species, including humans. The LE was used also prior to jumping (73%) and prior to circling (65%), as well as during circling (58%) and for high alert inspection of the predator (72%). Mobbing and perhaps circling are agonistic responses controlled by the LE/right hemisphere, as also seen in other species. Alert inspection involves detailed examination of the predator and likely high levels of fear, known to be right hemisphere function. PMID:18498946</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koboroff, Adam; Kaplan, Gisela; Rogers, Lesley J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-03-07</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">229</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23112186"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mutational robustness of 16S ribosomal RNA, <span class="hlt">shown</span> by experimental horizontal gene transfer in Escherichia coli.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The bacterial ribosome consists of three rRNA molecules and 57 proteins and plays a crucial role in translating mRNA-encoded information into proteins. Because of the ribosome's structural and mechanistic complexity, it is believed that each ribosomal component coevolves to maintain its function. Unlike 5S rRNA, 16S and 23S rRNAs appear to lack mutational robustness, because they form the structural core of the ribosome. However, using Escherichia coli ?7 (null mutant of operons) as a host, we have recently <span class="hlt">shown</span> that an active hybrid ribosome whose 16S rRNA has been specifically substituted with that from non-E. coli bacteria can be reconstituted in vivo. To investigate the mutational robustness of 16S rRNA and the structural basis for its functionality, we used a metagenomic approach to screen for 16S rRNA genes that complement the growth of E. coli ?7. Various functional genes were obtained from the Gammaproteobacteria and Betaproteobacteria lineages. Despite the large sequence diversity (80.9-99.0% identity with E. coli 16S rRNA) of the functional 16S rRNA molecules, the doubling times (DTs) of each mutant increased only modestly with decreasing sequence identity (average increase in DT, 4.6 s per mutation). The three-dimensional structure of the 30S ribosome showed that at least 40.7% (628/1,542) of the nucleotides were variable, even at ribosomal protein-binding sites, provided that the secondary structures were properly conserved. Our results clearly demonstrate that 16S rRNA functionality largely depends on the secondary structure but not on the sequence itself. PMID:23112186</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kitahara, Kei; Yasutake, Yoshiaki; Miyazaki, Kentaro</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-10-29</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">230</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998NuPhA.632..307D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rotational bands in the doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 138Pm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The band structures of the doubly- <span class="hlt">odd</span> 138Pm nucleus have been investigated using the 115In(28Si, 2p3n)138Pm reaction at a beam energy of 145 MeV. The three previously known rotational bands viz., (i) the yrast one based on the ?h 11/2 ??h 11/2 configuration, (ii) a ?I = 2 band with ?h 11/2 ??[400]1/2+ configuration at lower frequency but with a change in the neutron configuration to ?[660]1/2+ at higher frequency, and (iii) one consisting of stretched E2 cascades at lower frequency but of dipole transitions after backbend and with suggested configuration of ?[413]5/2+ ??h 11/2 have been modified and extended to higher spins. Two new bands have been identified. Of these, one consists of only quadrupole transitions, similar to that observed in band (iii), mentioned above, while the other consists of dipole transitions. The observed level properties have been compared to theoretical calculations performed within the Particle Rotor Model (PRM) with axial core and cranked shell model. The experimental branching ratios and B(M1)/B(E2) ratios of the transitions in the yrast band are well reproduced by PRM, assuming an axial prolate core.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Datta Pramanik, U.; Mukherjee, Anjali; Singh, A. K.; Chattopadhyay, S.; Gangopadhyay, G.; Goswami, A.; Saha Sarkar, M.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Singh, R. P.; Muralithar, S.; Dasmahapatra, B.; Sen, S.; Bhattacharya, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">231</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21039478"> <span id="translatedtitle">Decay Properties of N = 77 <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z Isotones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The systematics of the {pi}h{sub 11/2} x {nu}h{sub 11/2} and {pi}h{sub 11/2} x {nu}s{sub 1/2} isomeric configurations were studied for the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z N = 77 isotones near the proton dripline. The spin and parity of I{sup {pi}} = 8{sup +} and 5{sup -} were deduced for the isomers in {sup 140}Eu and {sup 142}Tb. No evidence for the expected 1{sup +} ground-state was found in the {sup 144}Ho decay data. The proton emission from {sup 146}Tm was restudied and the spin and parity values of I{sup {pi}} = 10{sup +} and 5{sup -} were established for {sup 146m}Tm and {sup 146gs}Tm, respectively. The interpretation of the observed decay properties and structure of the proton-emitting states was made by accounting for deformation and proton and neutron coupling to the core excitations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Batchelder, J. C. [UNIRIB, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Tantawy, M. N.; Danchev, M.; Hartley, D. J.; Mazzocchi, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Bingham, C. R.; Grzywacz, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Rykaczewski, K. P.; Gross, C. J.; Shapira, D.; Yu, C.-H. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Krolas, W. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge, TN 37831 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31-342 Cracow (Poland); Fong, D.; Hamilton, J. H.; Li, K.; Ramayya, A. V. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN 37235 (United States); Ginter, T. N.; Stolz, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State U., East Lansing, MI 48824 (United States); Hagino, K. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8578 (Japan); Karny, M. [Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, Warsaw, PL-00681 (Poland)] (and others)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">232</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhyS...88e5004N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Explicit energy expansion for general <span class="hlt">odd</span>-degree polynomial potentials</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper we derive an almost explicit analytic formula for asymptotic eigenenergy expansion of arbitrary <span class="hlt">odd</span>-degree polynomial potentials of the form V (x) = (ix)2N+1 + ?1x2N + ?2x2N?1 + ··· + ?2Nx, where ??k are real or complex for 1 ? k ? 2N. The formula can be used to find semiclassical analytic expressions for eigenenergies up to any order, very efficiently. Each term of the expansion is given explicitly as a multinomial of the parameters ?1,?2… and ?2N of the potential. Unlike in the even-degree polynomial case, the highest-order term in the potential is pure imaginary and hence the system is non-Hermitian. Therefore all the integrations have been carried out along a contour enclosing two complex branch points, which lies within a wedge in the complex plane. With the help of some examples we demonstrate the accuracy of the method for both real and complex eigenspectra.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nanayakkara, Asiri; Mathanaranjan, Thilagarajah</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">233</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70022054"> <span id="translatedtitle">Seismic subduction of the Nazca Ridge as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by the 1996-97 Peru earthquakes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">By rupturing more than half of the shallow subduction interface of the Nazca Ridge, the great November 12, 1996 Peruvian earthquake contradicts the hypothesis that oceanic ridges subduct aseismically. The mainshock's rupture has a length of about 200 km and has an average slip of about 1.4 m. Its moment is 1.5 x 1028 dyne-cm and the corresponding M(w) is 8.0. The mainshock registered three major episodes of moment release as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by a finite fault inversion of teleseismically recorded broadband body waves. About 55% of the mainshock's total moment release occurred south of the Nazca Ridge, and the remaining moment release occurred at the southern half of the subduction interface of the Nazca Ridge. The rupture south of the Nazca Ridge was elongated parallel to the ridge axis and extended from a shallow depth to about 65 km depth. Because the axis of the Nazca Ridge is at a high angle to the plate convergence direction, the subducting Nazca Ridge has a large southwards component of motion, 5 cm/yr parallel to the coast. The 900-1200 m relief of the southwards sweeping Nazca Ridge is interpreted to act as a 'rigid indenter,' causing the greatest coupling south of the ridge's leading edge and leading to the large observed slip. The mainshock and aftershock hypocenters were relocated using a new procedure that simultaneously inverts local and teleseismic data. Most aftershocks were within the outline of the Nazca Ridge. A three-month delayed aftershock cluster' occurred at the northern part of the subducting Nazca Ridge. Aftershocks were notably lacking at the zone of greatest moment release, to the south of the Nazca Ridge. However, a lone foreshock at the southern end of this zone, some 140 km downstrike of the mainshock's epicenter, implies that conditions existed for rupture into that zone. The 1996 earthquake ruptured much of the inferred source zone of the M(w) 7.9-8.2 earthquake of 1942, although the latter was a slightly larger earthquake. The rupture zone of the 1996 earthquake is immediately north of the seismic gap left by the great earthquakes (M(w) ~8.8-9.1) of 1868 and 1877. The M(w) 8.0 Antofagasta earthquake of 1995 occurred at the southern end of this great seismic gap. The M(w) 8.2 deep-focus Bolivian earthquake of 1994 occurred directly downdip of the 1868 portion of that gap. The recent occurrence of three significant earthquakes on the periphery of the great seismic gap of the 1868 and 1877 events, among other factors, may signal an increased seismic potential for that zone.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spence, W.; Mendoza, C.; Engdahl, E. R.; Choy, G. L.; Norabuena, E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">234</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004APS..DNP.CK086N"> <span id="translatedtitle">E-GOS plots for <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-A Medium Mass Nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neutron rich nuclei are difficult to populate experimentally. One of the best mechanisms currently available is to use heavy-ion binary reactions to populate the medium-to-high spin states of the near-stable nuclei to investigate the role of specific orbitals in determining how the nuclear structure properties evolve as a function of angular momentum. A recently reported `E-Gamma Over Spin' (E-GOS) prescription [1,2] provides an intuitive graphical mechanism for viewing potential phase changes in the mechanism for angular momentum generation in transitional nuclei. Flat curves are associated with rotors, while hyperbolic loci are associated with vibrational structures - quite distinct from plots of excitation energy against the spin, where the trajectories for both a vibrator and a rotor gradually increase as a function of spin. The present work extends the previous EGOS analysis for even-even nuclei to <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A medium mass nuclei. This work was supported by NSF Grant No. PHY 0204811, Research Corporation Grant No. CC5494, US-DOE Grant No. DE-FG02-91ER-40609 and by the Engineering and <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Science Research Council UK. PHR acknowledges support from the Yale University Flint and Science Development Funds. [1] Regan, P.H. et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 90, 152502 (2003) [2] Regan, P.H. et al., AIP Conferences Proceedings 656, New York, American Institute of <span class="hlt">Physics</span>, 2003, pp 422-428.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nikolova, Veronika; Fetea, Mirela; Regan, Paddy; Zamfir, Victor; Casten, Rick; Beausang, Cornelius</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">235</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7161121"> <span id="translatedtitle">Blocking effect and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even differences in the moments of inertia of rare-earth nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A phenomenological analysis of the experimental <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even differences in the moments of inertia, [delta][ital J]/[ital J], of well-deformed rare-earth nuclei is reviewed, which reveals that there exist large fluctuations in [delta][ital J]/[ital J] with the blocked levels in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-[ital A] nuclei. A calculation using the particle-number conserving treatment shows that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even difference in the moments of inertia is a pure quantum mechanical interference effect and the experimental strong fluctuations in [delta][ital J]/[ital J] with the blocked level can be reproduced satisfactorily. The calculated value of [delta][ital J]/[ital J] depends sensitively on the energetic location and Coriolis response of the blocked level and the underlying <span class="hlt">physics</span> is discussed. Particularly, [delta][ital J]/[ital J] is especially large if the blocked orbital is a high-[ital j] intruder orbital near the Fermi surface. In contrast, if the blocked orbital is of normal parity with low [ital j] and high [Omega] (e.g., proton [404] 7/2, [402]5/2), [delta][ital J]/[ital J] almost vanishes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zeng, J.Y.; Lei, Y.A.; Jin, T.H.; Zhao, Z.J. (China Center of Advanced Science and Technology (World Laboratory), Center of Theoretical Physics, P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080 (China) Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China) Institute of Theoretical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080 (China))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">236</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20192508"> <span id="translatedtitle">Synchronous measurement of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortion at the resonant frequency of a superconducting resonator.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method has been developed that uses three input tones to measure both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortions (IMDs) inside the pass band of resonant devices. With this technique the surface current density of both the driving signal and the IMD tones can be quantified. Synchronous, or same frequency, measurement of both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order distortions permits quantitative comparison of the respective nonlinearity currents measured within the same time scale. As an example of this technique, a superconducting resonator is used to generate even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order IMDs at the same frequency, resulting in <span class="hlt">physical</span> conclusions, which are pertinent to current research in high temperature superconductors. While varying the level of only one tone, the expected slope of the IMD current versus the driving signal current for both orders is unity, but that is only observed at high temperature when the superconductor becomes very lossy. An observed smaller slope at lower temperatures gives support to the linear-nonlinear interaction model. Also, a sharp increase in the third order IMD relative to the second order IMD near T(C) gives support to a substantial nonlinear Meissner effect. PMID:20192508</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pease, Evan K; Dober, Bradley J; Remillard, S K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">237</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5190110"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> subharmonic frequencies and chaos in Josephson junctions: Impact on parametric amplifiers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Stewart-McCumber model of a Josephson junction has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to exhibit period-doubling bifurcation cascades, as described by the Feigenbaum bifurcation theory. Chaotic states, sometimes associated with the bifurcations, are also prevalent. The present paper deals with the questions of subharmonic generation and chaotic states in the aforementioned model, and in addition with the problem of the ubiquitous noise rise found in Josephson junction parametric amplifiers. The bifurcation is first discussed by drawing on analytical results on the Duffing equation which is an approximation to the complete ac-driven Stewart-McCumber model. The complete model is then solved on an analog computer. Thereafter it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that besides the even subharmonics predicted by the bifurcation theory, the natural subharmonic to expect at small dc currents is the <span class="hlt">odd</span>. This may then have associated its own bifurcation tree. The role of spontaneous symmetry breaking will be discussed. This reconciles the earlier treatment of the 3-photon amplifier with the Feigenbaum scheme. Finally, analog calculations on a model of an externally pumped Josephson junction parametric amplifier will be discussed. The conclusion seems to be that chaotic noise cannot account for the noise rise.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Levinsen, M.T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">238</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20875823"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospective candidates for the EDM experiments of new type: calculations of enhancement of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in HI+ and liquid Xe</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The search for the P,T-parity non-conservation (PNC) effects is of fundamental importance in <span class="hlt">physics</span>. Experiments are performed on T1F and YbF, and are prepared on PbO and HgH molecules. Recently some new approaches were suggested, such as the search for P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in liquid xenon and on HI+ molecular ion. For preparation and interpretation of these experiments high-precision calculations of the electronic structure are required. Recently developed theoretical methods allow one to analyze the atomic-molecular systems from the point of enhancement of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects and recommend such or another system as a prospective candidate. We calculated enhancement factor for electron EDM in the ground state of HI+ molecular ion, required for experiment of new type on electron EDM search. The results of calculations of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in liquid xenon are also discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Isaev, Timur A.; Petrov, Aleksander N.; Mosyagin, Nikolay S.; Titov, Anatoly V. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188300, Orlova Roscha 1, Gatchina (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-07-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">239</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/809963"> <span id="translatedtitle">First Evidence for the Existence of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Toroidal Alfven Eigenmodes (TAEs) from the Simultaneous Observation of Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span> TAEs on the Joint European Torus</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Experimental evidence is presented for the existence of the theoretically predicted <span class="hlt">odd</span> Torodicity-induced Alfven Eigenmode (TAEs) from the simultaneous appearance of <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even TAEs in a normal shear discharge. The modes are observed in low central magnetic shear plasmas created by injecting lower hybrid current drive. A fast ion population was created by applying ion cyclotron heating at the high field side to excite the TAEs in the weak magnetic shear region. The <span class="hlt">odd</span> TAEs were identified from their frequency, mode number, and timing relative to the even TAEs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">G.J. Kramer; S.E. Sharapov; R. Nazikian; N.N. Gorelenkov; R. Budny; JET-EFDA contributors</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">240</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52763403"> <span id="translatedtitle">I. Tensor-Force Effects in the Nuclear Shell Theory. I. Nuclear Spectroscopic Studies of Isomeric States in <span class="hlt">Odd-Odd</span> Yttrium Nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The low-lying energy levels of <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei near the doubly closed ; shell (Y⁹°, Bi²°⁸, Bi²¹°, and Tl²°⁸) are c alculated with ; finite-range central and tensor forces to the first order by means of the j-j ; coupled <span class="hlt">odd</span>-group model. The two-body matrix elements for the central and tensor ; forces are expressed in the j-j representation, from which</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yeong Ell Kim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1963-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">241</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24144379"> <span id="translatedtitle">The ability of single-chain surfactants to emulsify an aqueous-based liquid crystal oscillates with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even parity of alkyl-chain length.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">physical</span> properties of many organic molecules often oscillate when the number of carbons in their aliphatic chains changes from <span class="hlt">odd</span> to even. This <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect for single-chain surfactants in solution is rarely observed. Here, we report the ability of single-chain surfactants to emulsify a class of non-amphiphilic organic salts, disodium cromoglycate (5'DSCG) oscillates as a function of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> or even number of the aliphatic carbons. This system provides a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion, in which aqueous droplets of 5'DSCG in liquid crystal phases are coated with single-chain surfactants in a bulk carrying aqueous solution. For both surfactants of [Formula: see text] and CH3(CH2)nCOO(-)Na(+), the ability to emulsify 5'DSCG molecules in water is stronger for surfactants with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of sp(3)-hybridized carbon atoms in the aliphatic chains than those with an even number. This observed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect is consistent with the notion that conventional micelles possess a core of randomly arranged surfactant hydrocarbon tails. However, this water-in-oil-in-water resembles a vesicle system in which the surfactants assemble in a highly ordered structure that separates two aqueous systems. These new self-assembled phases have potential application in the formulation and design of new organic soft materials. PMID:24144379</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Varghese, Nisha; Shetye, Gauri S; Yang, Sijie; Wilkens, Stephan; Smith, Robert P; Luk, Yan-Yeung</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">242</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23688149"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Even Effect in the Elastic Modulii of ?,?-Alkanedicarboxylic Acids.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nanoindentation studies on ?,?-alkanedicarboxylic acids reveal that the elastic modulus, E, shows an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even alternation in exactly the same manner as the melting temperature, Tm. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that the strained molecular conformations in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> diacids are the reasons for these alternations in Tm. The same packing features that lower Tm in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> acids lead to easy accommodation of the deformation during nanoindentation and hence their low E. PMID:23688149</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mishra, Manish Kumar; Varughese, Sunil; Ramamurty, Upadrasta; Desiraju, Gautam R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">243</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/18509508"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-frequency superconductivity in the 2D extended Hubbard model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is an intriguing problem to clarify whether the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency superconducting state can be derived from a microscopic model or not, where the pairing function has <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity in frequency. We study the instability of even-frequency and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency pairings on the extended Hubbard model in a 2D triangular lattice, with off-site Coulomb interaction V and on-site Coulomb interaction U. By</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Keiji Yada; Yuichiro Shimokaji; Seiichiro Onari; Yukio Tanaka; Kazumasa Miyake</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">244</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/18215030"> <span id="translatedtitle">An application of the interacting boson model to the first half of the s-d shell (II). <span class="hlt">Odd-odd</span> nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A version of the IBM (IBM-4) which is intended for use in regions where protons and neutrons are filling the same shells, and incorporates a boson intrinsic spin, is applied in detail to the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei 22Na and 26Al. Satisfactory agreement with the observed energies, moments, and transitions is obtained on the introduction of a strong non-central interaction. The eigenfunctions</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">P. Halse</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">245</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19075756"> <span id="translatedtitle">K representation for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei in the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model. II. Band mixing in the normal and conflicting case and electromagnetic properties</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The formation of band patterns in <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei is investigated in the SU(3) limit of the interacting boson-fermion-fermion model. For two holes (particles) coupled to the SU(3) prolate (oblate) core, we study the algebraic K-representation basis which is the analog of the strong-coupling basis of the geometrical model. In the case of a particle and a hole coupled to the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. Vretenar; S. Brant; V. Paar; D. K. Sunko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">246</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19420596"> <span id="translatedtitle">Resonance-spin memory in low-energy-gamma-ray spectra from Sb, Tb, Ho, and Ta <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> compound nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The low-energy-gamma-ray spectra from neutron resonance capture with natural samples of Sb, Tb, Ho, and Ta were measured using\\u000a the HPGe detector at the IBR-30 pulsed reactor at the JINR, Dubna. The resonance-spin-memory effect in the spectra from the\\u000a <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> compound nuclei of 122Sb, 169Tb, and 166Ho was found to be quite distinct. For the 182Ta compound nucleus, it proved</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">U. Olejniczak; N. A. Gundorin; L. B. Pikelner; M. Przytu?a; D. G. Serov</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">247</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3327557"> <span id="translatedtitle">Informational <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio: A Useful Measure of Epidemiologic Association in Environment Exposure Studies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The informational <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (IOR) measures the post-exposure <span class="hlt">odds</span> divided by the pre-exposure <span class="hlt">odds</span> (ie, information gained after knowing exposure status). A desirable property of an adjusted ratio estimate is collapsibility (ie, the combined crude ratio will not change after adjusting for a variable that is not a confounder). Adjusted traditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (TORs) are not collapsible. In contrast, Mantel-Haenszel adjusted IORs generally are collapsible. IORs are a useful measure of disease association in environmental case-referent studies, especially when the disease is common in the exposed and/or unexposed groups.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Efird, Jimmy T.; Lea, Suzanne; Toland, Amanda; Phillips, Christopher J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">248</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997PhRvC..55..144C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pseudospin doublet aligned structure in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 186Ir</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">186Ir has been restudied through the 180Hf(11B,5n) reaction at 65 MeV using in-beam ?-ray and conversion-electron spectroscopy. The unfavored component of the doubly decoupled band was established and <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be consistent with a description in terms of the ?h9/2??[411~1/2,3/2] structure, i.e., the coupling of an aligned proton and a neutron pseudospin doublet.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cardona, M. A.; Debray, M. E.; García Bermúdez, G.; Hojman, D.; Kreiner, A. J.; Somacal, H.; Burlon, A.; Davidson, J.; Davidson, M.; Levinton, G.; Ozafrán, M.; Vázquez, M.; Napoli, D. R.; Rico, J.; Bazzacco, D.; Burch, R.; de Acuña, D.; Lenzi, S. M.; Medina, N.; Rossi Alvarez, C.; Blasi, N.; Lo Bianco, G.; de Boer, J.; Frischke, D.; Maier, H. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">249</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21210537"> <span id="translatedtitle">T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple product asymmetries in beauty decays</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The decay b{yields}suu-bar receives contributions from both tree and penguin amplitudes. In this talk I show that tree-penguin interference gives rise to a T-violating triple product s-vector{sub b}{center_dot}(p-vector{sub u}xp-vector{sub s}) between the b-quark spin and the momenta of the s and u quarks. In the standard model, the T-violating signal turns out to be rather large, about 6% of the total rate. This is quite encouraging, and suggests that triple products may be useful for testing the standard model and searching for new <span class="hlt">physics</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bensalem, Wafia [Laboratoire Rene J.-A. Levesque, Universite de Montreal C.P. 6128, succ. centre-ville, Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-10-04</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">250</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/2494742"> <span id="translatedtitle">A visual proof of a result of Knuth on spanning trees of Aztec diamonds in the case of <span class="hlt">odd</span> order</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The even Aztec diamond ADn is known to have precisely four times more spanning trees than the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Aztec diamond ODn—this was conjectured by Stanley and first proved by Knuth. We present a short combinatorial proof of this fact in the case of <span class="hlt">odd</span> n. Our proof works also for the more general case of <span class="hlt">odd-by-odd</span> Aztec rectangles.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mihai Ciucu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">251</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21067934"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparative study of Gamow-Teller strength distributions in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 50}V and its impact on electron capture rates in astrophysical environments</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Gamow-Teller (GT) strength transitions are an ideal probe for testing nuclear structure models. In addition to nuclear structure, GT transitions in nuclei directly affect the early phases of Type Ia and Type-II supernovae core collapse since the electron capture rates are partly determined by these GT transitions. In astrophysics, GT transitions provide an important input for model calculations and element formation during the explosive phase of a massive star at the end of its life-time. Recent nucleosynthesis calculations show that <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei cause the largest contribution in the rate of change of lepton-to-baryon ratio. In the present manuscript, we have calculated the GT strength distributions and electron capture rates for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 50}V by using the pn-QRPA theory. At present {sup 50}V is the first experimentally available <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus in fp-shell nuclei. We also compare our GT strength distribution with the recently measured results of a {sup 50}V(d, {sup 2}He){sup 50}Ti experiment, with the earlier work of Fuller, Fowler, and Newman (referred to as FFN) and subsequently with the large-scale shell model calculations. One curious finding of the paper is that the Brink's hypothesis, usually employed in large-scale shell model calculations, is not a good approximation to use at least in the case of {sup 50}V. SNe Ia model calculations performed using FFN rates result in overproduction of {sup 50}Ti, and were brought to a much acceptable value by employing shell model results. It might be interesting to study how the composition of the ejecta using presently reported QRPA rates compare with the observed abundances.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nabi, Jameel-Un; Sajjad, Muhammad [Faculty of Engineering Sciences, Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi 23640, Swabi, NWFP (Pakistan)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">252</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007PhRvC..76e5803N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparative study of Gamow-Teller strength distributions in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus V50 and its impact on electron capture rates in astrophysical environments</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Gamow-Teller (GT) strength transitions are an ideal probe for testing nuclear structure models. In addition to nuclear structure, GT transitions in nuclei directly affect the early phases of Type Ia and Type-II supernovae core collapse since the electron capture rates are partly determined by these GT transitions. In astrophysics, GT transitions provide an important input for model calculations and element formation during the explosive phase of a massive star at the end of its life-time. Recent nucleosynthesis calculations show that <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei cause the largest contribution in the rate of change of lepton-to-baryon ratio. In the present manuscript, we have calculated the GT strength distributions and electron capture rates for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus V50 by using the pn-QRPA theory. At present V50 is the first experimentally available <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus in fp-shell nuclei. We also compare our GT strength distribution with the recently measured results of a V50(d, He2)Ti50 experiment, with the earlier work of Fuller, Fowler, and Newman (referred to as FFN) and subsequently with the large-scale shell model calculations. One curious finding of the paper is that the Brink's hypothesis, usually employed in large-scale shell model calculations, is not a good approximation to use at least in the case of V50. SNe Ia model calculations performed using FFN rates result in overproduction of Ti50, and were brought to a much acceptable value by employing shell model results. It might be interesting to study how the composition of the ejecta using presently reported QRPA rates compare with the observed abundances.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nabi, Jameel-Un; Sajjad, Muhammad</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">253</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19096991"> <span id="translatedtitle">The different representational frameworks underpinning abstract and concrete knowledge: evidence from <span class="hlt">odd</span>-one-out judgements.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent evidence from neuropsychological investigations of individuals with global aphasia and deep or deep-phonological dyslexia suggests that abstract and concrete concepts are underpinned by qualitatively different representational frameworks. Abstract words are represented primarily by their association to other words, whilst concrete words are represented primarily by their taxonomic similarity to one another. In the current study, we present the first evidence for this association/similarity distinction to be gathered from healthy research participants. Using a semantic <span class="hlt">odd</span>-one-out task, it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that normal participants identify associative connections more quickly than similarity-based connections when processing abstract words, but that the pattern is reversed for concrete words. It is also demonstrated that the typical concrete-word advantage observed in many cognitive tasks is abolished and even reversed when participants have to comprehend the semantic associations between words. The data provide converging evidence for the different representational frameworks hypothesis and suggest that claims based on information from previous neuropsychological investigations can be generalized to normal cognition. PMID:19096991</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Crutch, Sebastian J; Connell, Sarah; Warrington, Elizabeth K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-12-17</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">254</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=adhd&pg=5&id=EJ994078"> <span id="translatedtitle">Association of Anxiety and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>/CD in Children with and without ADHD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The goal of this study is to examine levels of oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and conduct disorder (CD) in four groups of children: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) only, anxiety only, ADHD and anxiety, and controls (i.e., non-ADHD youth). Although children with ADHD exhibit more <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD than non-ADHD youth, it is unknown…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Humphreys, Kathryn L.; Aguirre, Vincent P.; Lee, Steve S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">255</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.agu.org/journals/ja/v081/i022/JA081i022p03745/JA081i022p03745.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Aeronomy of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nitrogen in the Thermosphere 2. Twilight Emissions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A model developed for the aeronomy of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen in the thermosphere is used to analyze rocket measurements of NOS) and NO densities. Data from Atmosphere Explorer were used to develop a consistent reaction kinetics model for <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen chemistry. We conclude that most NO + dissociative recombination events must produce N('D), that N('D) is quenched by O at a</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. F. Strobel; E. S. Oran; P. D. Feldman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">256</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=consuming&pg=3&id=EJ886101"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Short Supply of Saints: Limits on Replication of Models that "Beat the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Researchers have identified effective practices that allow schools to "beat the <span class="hlt">odds</span>" and close the reading achievement gap. Although identifying these practices is important, researchers have paid little attention to the work it takes to implement them. Through interviews with teachers who work at schools identified as beating the <span class="hlt">odds</span>, this…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wilder, Tamara; Jacobsen, Rebecca</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">257</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=slowly+AND+proliferating+AND+tumors%2c+AND+provided+AND+%7balpha%7d%2f%7bbeta%7d+AND+ratio+AND+tumor&pg=6&id=EJ785477"> <span id="translatedtitle">Limits on Log <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios for Unidimensional Item Response Theory Models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Bounds are established for log <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (log cross-product ratios) involving pairs of items for item response models. First, expressions for bounds on log <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios are provided for one-dimensional item response models in general. Then, explicit bounds are obtained for the Rasch model and the two-parameter logistic (2PL) model. Results are…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Haberman, Shelby J.; Holland, Paul W.; Sinharay, Sandip</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">258</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/x3k3726585840824.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Social Problems Associated with ADHD vs. <span class="hlt">ODD</span> in Children Referred for Friendship Problems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Four groups were composed of children referred for friendship problems (age range: 6 to 12 years old). One group was diagnosed with both Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional-Defiant Disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>), one group with ADHD only, one group with <span class="hlt">ODD</span> only and one group with neither disorder. Parents and teachers were given questionnaires to rate the social behavior of</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fred Frankel; David Feinberg</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">259</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/32933114"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using Binary Logistic Regression Models for Ordinal Data with Non-proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model (POM) is the most popular logistic regression model for analyzing ordinal response variables. However, violation of the main model assumption can lead to invalid results. This is demonstrated by application of this method to data of a study investigating the effect of smoking on diabetic retinopathy. Since the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> assumption is not fulfilled, separate binary</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ralf Bender; Ulrich Grouven</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">260</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.agu.org/journals/jc/v077/i033/JC077i033p06589/JC077i033p06589.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cosmic Radiation as a Source of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nitrogen in the Stratosphere</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The effect of cosmic radiation on <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen production in the stratosphere is investigated, and <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen mixing ratios are desired for selected conditions. The concern about the effects of supersonic transport emissions on stratospheric ozone con- centrations has brought to light the significance of reactions involving nitrogen oxides (Crutzen, 1971; Johnstom, 1971), specifically NO, NO2, NOs, N205, and their</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peter Warneck</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">261</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/30669076"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prevalence rates and <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios of shoulder-neck diseases in different occupational groups</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association and impact of occupational exposure and diseases of the shoulder and neck. Prevalence rates, <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios, aetiological fractions, and their confidence intervals were computed for pooled and non-pooled data of previous published reports. By comparison with office workers and farmers, dentists had an increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for cervical spondylosis</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M Hagberg; D H Wegman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">262</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21499352"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-even effect in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies are studied by the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model in the company of the GEMINI model. The isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model is applied to describe the violent stage of the collisions, while the GEMINI model is applied to simulate the decays of the prefragments. The present study mainly focuses on the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect in the yields of the final fragments. We find that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect appears in the deexcitation process of the excited prefragments, and is affected by the excitation energies and the isotope distributions of the prefragments. Both the projectile-isospin-dependent <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect in the region of -4{<=}T{sub Z}{<=}1 and the role of the symmetry energy on the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect are studied. We find that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect depends sensitively on the symmetry energy.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Su Jun [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, 100875 Beijing (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China); Zhang Fengshou [College of Nuclear Science and Technology, Beijing Normal University, 100875 Beijing (China); Beijing Radiation Center, Beijing 100875 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator of Lanzhou, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Bian Baoan [School of Science, Jiangnan University, Wuxi, Jiangsu 214122 (China)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">263</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013HyInt.tmp..181L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electron-capture branching ratio measurements of <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> intermediate nuclei in double-beta decay at the TITAN facility</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel technique to measure electron-capture branching ratios is being introduced, where the TITAN ion traps and the ISAC radioactive beam facility at TRIUMF are the central components. The technique will be applied to the intermediate <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei in double-beta decay. The decay properties of these nuclei will constrain theoretical models dealing with the evaluation of the nuclear matrix elements for both the 2? and the 0? mode. The present setup and its potential for measuring extremely low branching ratios at low instrumental backgrounds is described.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lennarz, A.; Brunner, T.; Andreoiu, C.; Chaudhuri, A.; Chowdhury, U.; Delheij, P.; Dilling, J.; Ettenauer, S.; Frekers, D.; Gallant, A. T.; Grossheim, A.; Jang, F.; Kwiatkowski, A. A.; Ma, T.; Mané, E.; Pearson, M. R.; Schultz, B. E.; Simon, M. C.; Simon, V. V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">264</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990PhRvC..42..221C"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd-odd</span> interacting-boson-approximation calculations: Experimental agreement for doubly decoupled and highly distorted bands in 176-180Re</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present results of interacting-boson-fermion-fermion approximation (IBFFA) calculations for deformed <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 176Re and 178Re. Such calculations yield accurate structural information for many different rotational band types, including highly distorted and doubly decoupled bands. Thus, they can help in interpreting experimental data, predicting spin-parity assignments that agree with those obtained by other methods, and giving rather good predictions for interband transition energies. We also compare our previously published IBFFA predictions for 180Re with new experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chou, W.-T.; Olivier, W. A.; McHarris, Wm. C.; Scholten, Olaf</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">265</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12748105"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> range of majorana neutrino mixing parameters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">If neutrinos are Majorana fermions, the lepton mixing parameter space consists of six mixing parameters: three mixing angles and three CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> phases. A related issue concerns the <span class="hlt">physical</span> range of the mixing parameters. What values should these take so that all <span class="hlt">physically</span> distinguishable mixing scenarios are realized? We present a detailed discussion of the lepton mixing parameter space in the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">André de Gouvêa; James Jenkins</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">266</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17021046"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-skipped genes specify the signaling center that triggers retinogenesis in Drosophila.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Although many of the factors responsible for conferring identity to the eye field in Drosophila have been identified, much less is known about how the expression of the retinal ;trigger', the signaling molecule Hedgehog, is controlled. Here, we show that the co-expression of the conserved <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped family genes at the posterior margin of the eye field is required to activate hedgehog expression and thereby the onset of retinogenesis. The fly Wnt1 homologue wingless represses the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped genes drm and <span class="hlt">odd</span> along the anterior margin and, in this manner, spatially restricts the extent of retinal differentiation within the eye field. PMID:17021046</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bras-Pereira, Catarina; Bessa, Jose; Casares, Fernando</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-10-04</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">267</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3477532"> <span id="translatedtitle">ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and CD: Do They Belong to a Common Psychopathological Spectrum? A Case Series</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose of Research. Numerous studies have reported comorbidities, overlapping symptoms, and shared risk factors among cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and conduct disorder (CD). We present three adolescent males aged 13–16 years with conduct disorder having past history of ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>. Principal Result. The symptom profile especially in domains of aggression, hostility, and emotionality as well as the manner of progression from ADHD to <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD in the above cases shows a similar pattern. Conclusion. These common developmental pathways and overlapping symptoms suggest the possibility of a common psychopathological spectrum encompassing the three externalizing disorders.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ghosh, Sayanti; Sinha, Mausumi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">268</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..1411923S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sustainable <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Towards Quantitative Decision Support when Relevant Probabilities are not Available</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">There is, at present, no attractive foundation for quantitative probabilistic decision support in the face of model inadequacy, or given ambiguity (deep uncertainty) regarding the relative likelihood of various outcomes, known or unknown. True model error arguably precludes the extraction of objective probabilities from an ensemble of model runs drawn from an available (inadequate) model class, while the acknowledgement of incomplete understanding precludes the justified use of (if not the very formation of) an individual's subjective probabilities. An alternative approach based on Sustainable <span class="hlt">Odds</span> is proposed and investigated. Sustainable <span class="hlt">Odds</span> differ from "fair <span class="hlt">odds</span>" (and are easily distinguished any claim which implying well defined probabilities) as the probabilities implied by sustainable <span class="hlt">odds</span> summed over all outcomes is expected to exceed one. Traditionally, a person's fair <span class="hlt">odds</span> are found by identifying the probability level at which one would happily accept either side of a bet, thus the probabilities implied by fair <span class="hlt">odds</span> always sum to one. Knowing that one has incomplete information and perhaps even erroneous beliefs, there is no compelling reason a rational agent should accept the constraint implied by "fair <span class="hlt">odds</span>" in any bet. Rather, a rational agent might insist on longer <span class="hlt">odds</span> both on the event and against the event in order to account for acknowledged ignorance. Let probabilistic <span class="hlt">odds</span> imply any set of <span class="hlt">odds</span> for which the implied probabilities sum to one; once model error is acknowledged can one rationally demand non-probabilistic <span class="hlt">odds</span>? The danger of using fair <span class="hlt">odds</span> (or probabilities) in decision making is illustrated by considering the risk of ruin a cooperative insurance scheme using probabilistic <span class="hlt">odds</span> is exposed to. Cases where knowing merely that the insurer's model is imperfect, and nothing else, is sufficient to place bets which drive the insurer to an unexpectedly early ruin are presented. Methodologies which allow the insurer to avoid this early ruin are explored; those which prevent early ruin are said to provide "sustainable <span class="hlt">odds</span>", and it is suggested that these must be non-probabilistic. The aim here is not for the insurance cooperative to make a profit in the long run (or to form a book in any one round) but rather to increase the chance that the cooperative will not go bust, merely breaking even in the long run and thereby continuing to provide a service. In the perfect model scenario, with complete knowledge of all uncertainties and unlimited computational resources, fair <span class="hlt">odds</span> may prove to be sustainable. The implications these results hold in the case of games against nature, which is perhaps a more relevant context for decision makers concerned with geophysical systems, are discussed. The claim that acknowledged model error makes fair (probabilistic) <span class="hlt">odds</span> an irrational aim is considered, as are the challenges of working within the framework of sustainable (but non-probabilistic) <span class="hlt">odds</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Smith, L. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">269</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_140604.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even Younger Women with Diabetes May Face Higher <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Heart Disease</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Women With Diabetes May Face Higher <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Heart Disease Finding was independent of women's other risk factors ... 12, 2013 Related MedlinePlus Pages Diabetes Type 2 Heart Disease in Women THURSDAY, Sept. 12 (HealthDay News) -- Type ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">270</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21607844"> <span id="translatedtitle">Testing Lorentz invariance using an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity asymmetric optical resonator</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present the first experimental test of Lorentz invariance using the frequency difference between counter-propagating modes in an asymmetric <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity optical resonator. This type of test is {approx}10{sup 4} more sensitive to <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity and isotropic (scalar) violations of Lorentz invariance than equivalent conventional even-parity experiments due to the asymmetry of the optical resonator. The disadvantages of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity resonators have been negated by the use of counter-propagating modes, delivering a high level of immunity to environmental fluctuations. With a nonrotating experiment our result limits the isotropic Lorentz violating parameter {kappa}-tilde{sub tr} to 3.4{+-}6.2x10{sup -9}, the best reported constraint from direct measurements. Using this technique the bounds on <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity and scalar violations of Lorentz invariance can be improved by many orders of magnitude.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baynes, Fred N.; Luiten, Andre N.; Tobar, Michael E. [Frequency Standards and Metrology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009 (Australia)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">271</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EL....10342001S"> <span id="translatedtitle">A model for phonon coupling contributions to electromagnetic moments of <span class="hlt">odd</span> spherical nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Within the Theory of Finite Fermi Systems (TFFS), a model is developed to describe Phonon Coupling (PC) effects in <span class="hlt">odd</span> magic and semi-magic nuclei. It is based on the perturbation theory in g^2_L , where gL is the vertex of the L-phonon creation. Among all g^2_L diagrams the set is separated which depends significantly on the nucleus under consideration and the state ? of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleon. An ansatz is proposed to take into account the phonon tadpole diagram which ensures the total angular-momentum conservation. Calculations are carried out for three <span class="hlt">odd</span>-proton chains, the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Tl, In and Sb ones. Different PC corrections strongly cancel each other. In the result, the total PC correction to magnetic moments in magic nuclei is, as a rule, negligible. In the non-magic nuclei considered it is noticeable and improves the agreement with data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Saperstein, E. E.; Kamerdzhiev, S.; Krewald, S.; Speth, J.; Tolokonnikov, S. V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">272</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012NuPhS.225..260R"> <span id="translatedtitle">T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple momentum correlations in Kl3?0 decays</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The branching ratios of the K0??-l+?l?(l=e,?) decays, and the T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple momentum correlations ?=q??[p×p]/MK3, due to the electromagnetic final state interaction, in these processes are calculated. The contributions of the order of ?-1 and ?0 to the corresponding amplitudes are treated exactly. For the branching ratios and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> correlation in K0??-e+?e? decay, the corrections of the order of ? are estimated and demonstrated to be small. The results for the branching ratios are in good agreement with the previous ones. The T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple momentum correlations in Kl3?0 decays are calculated for the first time. The values of the ?-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetry are of the order of 10-3 and 10-2 in the K0??-?+??? and K0??-e+?e? decays, respectively.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rudenko, A. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">273</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvD..84a6001R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Kl3?0 decays: Branching ratios and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> momenta correlations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The branching ratios of the K0??-l+?l? (l=e, ?) decays, and the T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple momenta correlations ?=q?·[p?l×p??]/MK3, due to the electromagnetic final state interaction, in these processes are calculated. The contributions on the order of ?-1 and ?0 to the corresponding amplitudes are treated exactly. For the branching ratios and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> correlation in K0??-e+?e? decay, the corrections on the order of ? are estimated and demonstrated to be small. The results for the branching ratios are in good agreement with the previous ones. The T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple momenta correlations in Kl3?0 decays are calculated for the first time. The values of the ?-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetry are on the order of 10-3 and 10-2 in the K0??-?+??? and K0??-e+?e? decays, respectively.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rudenko, A. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">274</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ795610.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Education and <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity: A Historical Perspective</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Although many recent studies have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the lack of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity is one of the major causes of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease among children and adolescents, few studies have <span class="hlt">shown</span> the connection between the lack of <span class="hlt">physical</span> education and the prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle. However, it is clear that <span class="hlt">physical</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Guedes, Claudia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">275</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2423493"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using the Logarithm of <span class="hlt">Odds</span> to Define a Vector Space on Probabilistic Atlases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Logarithm of the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> ratio (Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span>) is frequently used in areas such as artificial neural networks, economics, and biology, as an alternative representation of probabilities. Here, we use Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span> to place probabilistic atlases in a linear vector space. This representation has several useful properties for medical imaging. For example, it not only encodes the shape of multiple anatomical structures but also captures some information concerning uncertainty. We demonstrate that the resulting vector space operations of addition and scalar multiplication have natural probabilistic interpretations. We discuss several examples for placing label maps into the space of Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span>. First, we relate signed distance maps, a widely used implicit shape representation, to Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span> and compare it to an alternative that is based on smoothing by spatial Gaussians. We find that the Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span> approach better preserves shapes in a complex multiple object setting. In the second example, we capture the uncertainty of boundary locations by mapping multiple label maps of the same object into the Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span> space. Third, we define a framework for non-convex interpolations among atlases that capture different time points in the aging process of a population. We evaluate the accuracy of our representation by generating a deformable shape atlas that captures the variations of anatomical shapes across a population. The deformable atlas is the result of a principal component analysis within the Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span> space. This atlas is integrated into an existing segmentation approach for MR images. We compare the performance of the resulting implementation in segmenting 20 test cases to a similar approach that uses a more standard shape model that is based on signed distance maps. On this data set, the Bayesian classification model with our new representation outperformed the other approaches in segmenting subcortical structures.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pohl, Kilian M.; Fisher, John; Bouix, Sylvain; Shenton, Martha; McCarley, Robert W.; Grimson, W. Eric L.; Kikinis, Ron; Wells, William M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">276</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.econ.jhu.edu/courses/370/papers/nasdaq/christie_harris_schultz.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Why Did NASDAQ Market Makers Stop Avoiding <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Eighth Quotes?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">On May 26 and 27, 1994, several national newspapers reported the findings of W. Christie and P. Schultz (1994) who cannot reject the hypothesis that marketmakers of active NASDAQ stocks implicitly colluded to maintain spreads of at least $0.25 by avoiding <span class="hlt">odd</span>-eighth quotes. On May 27, dealers in Amgen, Cisco Systems, and Microsoft sharply increased their use of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-eighth quotes,</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">WILLIAM G. CHRISTIE; JEFFREY H. HARRIS; PAUL H. SCHULTZ</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">277</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14597202"> <span id="translatedtitle">The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped family of zinc finger genes promotes Drosophila leg segmentation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Notch signaling controls formation of joints at leg segment borders and growth of the developing Drosophila leg. Here, we identify the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped gene family as a key group of genes that function downstream of the Notch receptor to promote morphological changes associated with joint formation during leg development. <span class="hlt">odd</span>, sob, drm, and bowl are expressed in a segmental pattern in the developing leg, and their expression is regulated by Notch signaling. Ectopic expression of <span class="hlt">odd</span>, sob, or drm can induce invaginations in the leg disc epithelium and morphological changes in the adult leg that are characteristic of endogenous invaginating joint cells. These effects are not due to an alteration in the expression of other genes of the developing joint. While <span class="hlt">odd</span> or drm mutant clones do not affect leg segmentation, and thus appear to act redundantly, bowl mutant clones do perturb leg development. Specifically, bowl mutant clones result in a failure of joint formation from the distal tibia to tarsal segment 5, while more proximal clones cause melanotic protrusions from the leg cuticle. Together, these results indicate that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped family of genes mediates Notch function during leg development by promoting a specific aspect of joint formation, an epithelial invagination. As the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped family genes are involved in regulating cellular morphogenesis during both embryonic segmentation and hindgut development, we suggest that they may be required in multiple developmental contexts to induce epithelial cellular changes. PMID:14597202</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hao, Irene; Green, Ryan B; Dunaevsky, Olga; Lengyel, Judith A; Rauskolb, Cordelia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-11-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">278</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22661105"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mother-teacher agreement on preschoolers' symptoms of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD: does context matter?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aims of this study were to examine mother-teacher agreement on oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and diagnoses in preschool children; to determine if context is a source of disagreement; and to explore if sex, referral status, and age moderated agreement rates. Participants included 158 male and 139 female 3- to 5-year old preschool children, their mothers, and teachers. A structured interview, the Kiddie-Disruptive Behavior Disorder Schedule was used for maternal report and teachers completed the Early Childhood Inventory. Results indicated that mothers reported more symptoms and diagnoses of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD than teachers, and mother-teacher agreement on both <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD symptoms and diagnoses was low. Level of mother-teacher agreement increased when reporting on behavior in the same context; however, the rates remain modest. Referral status increased the likelihood of mother and teacher agreement on several <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD symptoms, as well as <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD diagnosis. These data suggest that context plays a role in mother-teacher agreement in the assessment of young children's <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD symptoms. PMID:22661105</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Strickland, Jennifer; Hopkins, Joyce; Keenan, Kate</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">279</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://her.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/23/1/125.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Factors associated with young children's self-perceived <span class="hlt">physical</span> competence and self-reported <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with self-reported <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity (PA), self-perceived <span class="hlt">physical</span> fitness and compe- tence in <span class="hlt">physical</span> education (PE) among young children. The study included <span class="hlt">physical</span> tests, anthropometric measures and a questionnaire. The study group comprised 206 children (114 boys and 92 girls, aged 8-12 years). Positive <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio was used in the logistic</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A.-C. Sollerhed; E. Apitzsch; L. Rastam; G. Ejlertsson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">280</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6198828"> <span id="translatedtitle">/ital P/-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in transitions between the components of the hyperfine structure of hydrogen, potassium, and cesium</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The /ital E/1 amplitude is calculated for transitions between the components ofthe hyperfine structure of H, K, and Cs. For H this amplitude is due to the/ital V/--/ital A/ part of the electron--nucleon weak interaction, while for K andCs it is due to the electromagnetic interaction of the electron with the anapolemoment of the nucleus. The possibility of experiments using a hydrogen maser andmagnetic cells in K and Cs vapor is discussed. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that for the linewidths attained at the present time in these cells an experiment to observe the/ital P/-<span class="hlt">odd</span> /ital E/1 amplitude in K and Cs is quite practicable.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gorshkov, V. G.; Ezhov, V. F.; Kozlov, M. G.; Mikhailov, A. I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">281</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22029889"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interference of fission amplitudes of neutron resonances and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetry for various prescission third particles in the ternary fission of nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Differential cross sections for reactions of the true ternary fission of nuclei that was induced by cold polarized neutrons were constructed with allowance of the effect that Coriolis interaction and the interference between fission amplitudes of neutron resonances excited in fissile nuclei upon incidentneutron capture by target nuclei exerted on angular distributions of prescission third particles (alpha particles, neutrons, or photons). It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that T -<span class="hlt">odd</span> TRI- and ROT-type asymmetries for prescission alpha particles are associated with, respectively, the <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even components of the Coriolis interaction-perturbed amplitude of angular distributions of particles belonging to the types indicated above. These asymmetries have angular distributions differing from each other and stemming from a nontrivial dependence of these components on the neutron-resonance spins J{sub s} and their projections K{sub s} onto the symmetry axis of the nucleus involved. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that angular distributions of prescission photons and neutrons from reactions of the ternary fission of nuclei that is induced by cold polarized neutrons are determined by the effect of Coriolis forces exclusively. Therefore, the emerging T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries have a character of a ROT-type asymmetry and are universal for all target nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation); Bunakov, V. E. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Kadmensky, S. S. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">282</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22stm%22&pg=5&id=EJ689529"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of Orthographic and Phonological Word Length on Memory for Lists <span class="hlt">Shown</span> at RSVP and STM Rates</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This article reports 3 experiments in which effects of orthographic and phonological word length on memory were examined for short lists <span class="hlt">shown</span> at rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) and short-term memory (STM) rates. Only visual-orthographic length reduced RSVP serial recall, whereas both orthographic and phonological length lowered recall…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Coltheart, Veronika; Mondy, Stephen; Dux, Paul E.; Stephenson, Lisa</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">283</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3786008"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anger and Irritability Symptoms among Youth with <span class="hlt">ODD</span>: Cross-Informant Versus Source-Exclusive Syndromes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examined differences in co-occurring psychological symptoms and background characteristics among clinically referred youth with oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) with and without anger/irritability symptoms (AIS) according to either parent or teacher (source-exclusive) and both informants (cross-informant), youth with noncompliant symptoms (NS) of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and non-<span class="hlt">ODD</span> clinic controls. Parents and teachers evaluated 1127 youth (ages 6–18) with a DSM-IV-referenced rating scale to assess <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and co-occurring psychological symptoms. Parents also completed a background questionnaire (demographic, developmental, treatment, relationship, and academic characteristics) and teachers rated school functioning. Source-exclusive AIS groups were associated with different clinical features, and there was some evidence that cross-informant youth had more mental health concerns than source-exclusive groups. Findings varied to some extent among older (12–18 years) versus younger (6–11 years) youth. In general, the NS group (youth without AIS) was the most similar to clinic controls. AIS and NS are likely candidates for component phenotypes in <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and continued research into their pathogenesis may have important implications for nosology, etiology, and intervention.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drabick, Deborah A. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">284</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhSS...55..960G"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hyperfine structure of EPR spectra of Gd3+ <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes in PbMoO4, Pb5Ge3O11, YVO4, and quadrupole interaction (temperature dependence)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A hyperfine structure of EPR signals of <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes Gd3+ in Pb5Ge3O11, PbMoO4, and YVO4 single crystals has been investigated at different temperatures. The observation of forbidden (with the nuclear spin flip) transitions has made it possible to determine quadrupole interaction P {2/0} associated with the gradient of the electric field of ligands at the impurity. It has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> for the first time that, under the condition | P {2/0}| ? | A x, y | ( A i are the tensor components), not only the magnitudes of splitting but also the observed asymmetry in a hyperfine structure (in perpendicular orientations of the magnetic field) depends on mutual signs of parameters of initial splitting b {2/0} and P {2/0}. Results of studying the spectra have demonstrated that | b {2/0}( T)|/| P {2/0}( T)| ˜ const for a concrete single crystal, which assumes the similarity of <span class="hlt">physical</span> mechanisms determining these parameters.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gorlov, A. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">285</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AnPhy.321.2638Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Positive parity low spin states of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass tellurium isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this work, we analyse the positive parity of states of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nucleus within the framework of interacting boson fermion model. The result of an IBFM-1 multilevel calculation with the lg 9/2, 2d 5/2, 2d 3/2, 3s 1/2 and one level, 1h 11/2 with negative parity, single particle orbits is reported for the positive parity states of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> mass nucleus 123-125Te. Also, an IBM-1 calculation is presented for the low-lying states in the even-even 124-126Te core nucleus. The energy levels and B (E2) transition probabilities were calculated and compared with the experimental data. It was found that the calculated positive parity low spin state energy spectra of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass 123-125Te isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yazar, Harun Re?it</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">286</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9866077"> <span id="translatedtitle">Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> behaviors.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Examined factors that influence teachers' ratings of children with either attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>). 105 teachers watched 2 videotapes--1 depicting a normal child and the other a child with either ADHD or <span class="hlt">ODD</span>--and rated each child using 2 different questionnaires. Results indicated that teachers accurately rated the child on the ADHD versus <span class="hlt">ODD</span> tape as having significantly more inattention and hyperactivity but significantly less oppositionality. However, effect sizes indicated the presence of a unidirectional, negative halo effect of oppositional behaviors on ratings of hyperactivity and inattention. Teachers appeared less biased in their judgments when using a well-operationalized rating scale. Finally, knowledge, education, and experience with children with ADHD generally had no effect on the accuracy of teachers' ratings. PMID:9866077</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stevens, J; Quittner, A L; Abikoff, H</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">287</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1982NuPhA.378...41P"> <span id="translatedtitle">SU(6) quadrupole phonon model for even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei and the SU(3) limit</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Analogous to the equivalence between the SU(6) quadrupole-phonon model (TQM) and the interacting boson model (IBM), the equivalence is pointed out for <span class="hlt">odd</span> systems between the SU(6) particle quadrupole-phonon coupling model (PTQM) and the interacting boson-fermion model (IBFM). PTQM is formulated starting from the Dyson representation for the <span class="hlt">odd</span> system. Different aspects of the SU(3) limit of TQM and PTQM are studied; the quadrupole-phonon block structure of rotational bands in even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei and analytic expressions based on the coherent state; signature effects generated in PTQM; electromagnetic properties and correction factors for PTQM; overlaps of the PTQM analogs of Nilsson states with Coriolis-coupled Nilsson states and the relation to the rotational model representation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paar, V.; Brant, S.; Canto, L. F.; Leander, G.; Vouk, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">288</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhRvC..82c4328G"> <span id="translatedtitle">Structure of the doublet bands in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei: The case of Cs128</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The structure of the ?J=1 doublet bands in Cs128 is investigated within the framework of the interacting vector boson-fermion model. A new, purely collective interpretation of these bands is given on the basis of the used boson-fermion dynamical symmetry of the model. The energy levels of the doublet bands as well as the absolute B(E2) and B(M1) transition probabilities between the states of both yrast and yrare bands are described quite well. The observed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of both B(M1) and B(E2) values is reproduced by the introduction of an appropriate interaction term of quadrupole type, which produces such a staggering effect in the transition strengths. The calculations show that the appearance of doublet bands in certain <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei could be a consequence of the realization of a larger dynamical symmetry based on the noncompact supersymmetry group OSp(2?/12,R).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ganev, H. G.; Brant, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">289</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/940980"> <span id="translatedtitle">Correlation of Secondary Organic Aerosol with <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Oxygen in Mexico City</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Data collected from a mountain location within the Mexico City limits are used to demonstrate a correlation between secondary organic aerosol and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen (O3 + NO2). Positive matrix factorization techniques are employed to separate organic aerosol components: hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol; oxidized-organic aerosol; and biomass burning organic aerosol. The measured hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol is correlated with urban CO (8±1) µg m-3 ppmv-1. The measured oxidized-organic aerosol is associated with photochemical oxidation products and correlates with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen with an apparent slope of (70-120) µg m-3 ppmv-1. The dependence of the oxidized-organic aerosol to <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen correlation on the nature of the gas-phase hydrocarbon profile is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Herndon, Scott C.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Wood, Ezra C.; Kroll, Jesse H.; Canagaratna, M. R.; Jayne, John T.; Zavala, Miguel A.; Knighton, W. Berk; Mazzoleni, Claudio; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Ulbrich, Ingrid M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Seila, Robert; de Gouw, Joost A.; de Foy, B.; Fast, Jerome D.; Molina, Luisa T.; Kolb, C. E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-08-05</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">290</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/40205087"> <span id="translatedtitle">Higgs boson decays to CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> scalars at the Fermilab Tevatron and beyond</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In extended Higgs models, the Higgs boson may decay into a pair of light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> scalars, with distinctive collider signatures. We study the ensuing Higgs signals at the upgraded Fermilab Tevatron, considering the subsequent decays of the scalars into pairs of gluons or photons. For CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> scalars lighter than a few GeV, the Higgs boson manifests itself as a diphoton resonance and can be discovered up to masses of a few hundred GeV. For heavier CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> scalars the reach extends at most up to M{sub h}{approx}120GeV. We also discuss the capabilities of the CERN LHC and lepton colliders in these channels.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dobrescu, Bogdan A.; Landsberg, Greg; Matchev, Konstantin T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">291</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3169721"> <span id="translatedtitle">Impact of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> Dimensions on the Temporal Ordering of Conduct Problems and Depression across Childhood and Adolescence in Girls</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Little is known about the role of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions on the temporal unfolding of CD and depression in girls between childhood and adolescence. Method The year-to-year associations between CD and depressive symptomatology were examined using nine waves of annually collected data (ages 8 through 16 years) from 1215 participants of the Pittsburgh Girls Study. A series of autoregressive path models were tested that included <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Emotion Dysregulation (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED) and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance, as time varying covariates on CD predicting depression severity in the following year, and vice versa. Results Conduct problems, depression, and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions were relatively stable throughout childhood and adolescence, and a moderate degree of covariance was observed between these variables. Path analyses showed that CD often preceded depression across this developmental period, although the effect sizes were small. There was less consistent prediction from depression to CD. The overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED and CD partially explained the prospective relations from CD to depression, whereas these paths were fully explained by the overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED and depression. The overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance and CD did not account for the prospective relations from CD to depression. In contrast, the overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance and depression accounted for virtually all paths from CD to depression. Accounting for the overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions and both CD and depression eliminated all significant predictive paths. Conclusions Symptoms of CD tend to precede depression in girls during childhood and adolescence. However, covariance between depression and both <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance accounts for these prospective relations. <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions should be assessed when evaluating risk for comorbid depression in girls with conduct problems, and emotion dysregulation and defiance aspects of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> should be identified as targets for treatment in order to prevent depression in the future.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hipwell, Alison E.; Stepp, Stephanie; Feng, Xin; Burke, Jeff; Battista, Deena R.; Loeber, Rolf; Keenan, Kate</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">292</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1007885"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prevalence rates and <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios of shoulder-neck diseases in different occupational groups.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association and impact of occupational exposure and diseases of the shoulder and neck. Prevalence rates, <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios, aetiological fractions, and their confidence intervals were computed for pooled and non-pooled data of previous published reports. By comparison with office workers and farmers, dentists had an increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for cervical spondylosis (two studies) and for shoulder joint osteoarthrosis. Meat carriers, miners, and "heavy workers" also had significantly higher rates of cervical spondylosis compared with referents. Compared with iron foundry workers, civil servants had a significant <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (4.8) of cervical disc disease and a 0.79 aetiological fraction. Whether this was due to exposure or healthy worker effect was not clear. In four occupational groups with high shoulder-neck load an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of 4.0 was found for thoracic outlet syndrome with an aetiological fraction of 0.75. Rotator cuff tendinitis in occupational groups with work at shoulder level (two studies) showed an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of 11 and an aetiological fraction of 0.91. Keyboard operators had an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of 3.0 for tension neck syndrome (five studies). Unfortunately, owing to the scanty description of the work task, the exposure could be analysed only by job title. Examination of published reports shows clearly that certain job titles are associated with shoulder-neck disorders. High rates and aetiological fractions for rotator cuff tendinitis and tension neck syndrome suggest that preventive measures could be effective. Although job descriptions are brief, the associations noted suggest that highly repetitive shoulder muscle contractions, static contractions, and work at shoulder level are hazardous exposure factors. In reports of cross sectional studies of occupational shoulder-neck disorders presentation of age, exposure, and effect distribution may help for future meta-analysis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hagberg, M; Wegman, D H</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">293</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002AIPC..648..474T"> <span id="translatedtitle">Set-up of PEP-II Longitudinal Feedback Systems for Even/<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Bunch Spacings</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Feedback systems installed for control of coupled-bunch longitudinal instabilities in PEP-II collider have been designed to process bunch data at one half of the ring RF frequency. As a result these systems are ideally suited for controlling ring fills where only even or only <span class="hlt">odd</span> RF buckets are populated (even bunch spacings). However in the operation of PEP-II per bunch charge considerations require fill patterns that alternately populate even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> buckets. In this note we present a technique that allows to use existing hardware to provide feedback control of all bunches in such fills.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Teytelman, D.; Fox, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">294</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23960221"> <span id="translatedtitle">An <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number limitation of extended time-delayed feedback control in autonomous systems.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We propose a necessary condition for the successful stabilization of a periodic orbit, using the extended version of time-delayed feedback control. This condition depends on the number of real Floquet multipliers larger than unity and is therefore related to the well-known <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number limitation in non-autonomous systems. We show that the period of the orbit that is induced by mismatching the delay time of the control scheme and the period of the uncontrolled orbit plays an important role in the formulation of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number limitation in the autonomous case. PMID:23960221</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Amann, Andreas; Hooton, Edward W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-19</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">295</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011EL.....9660001C"> <span id="translatedtitle">No-go theorem for the classical Maxwell-Lorentz electrodynamics in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-dimensional worlds</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">If the conventional Maxwell-Lorentz formulation of classical electrodynamics is adopted in a flat spacetime of arbitrary <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimension, then the retarded vector potential A? generated by a point charge turns out to be pure gauge, A?=???. By Gauss' law, the charge shows up as zero. The classical electromagnetic coupling is thus missing from <span class="hlt">odd</span>-dimensional worlds. If the action is augmented by the addition of the Chern-Simons term, then the classical interaction picture in the three-dimensional world becomes nontrivial.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chubykalo, A. E.; Espinoza, A.; Kosyakov, B. P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">296</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5185606"> <span id="translatedtitle">Level structure of the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> /sup 242/Am nucleus</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The level structure of the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> /sup 242/Am nucleus was investigated by means of thermal-neutron-capture gamma-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy. Pair, curved-crystal, and ..beta.. spectrometers were used. The data from these measurements, combined with previous direct reaction results, permit us to establish a detailed level scheme including six new well-developed bands. Our experimental results are interpreted in the framework of the Nilsson model. Precise Gallagher-Moszkowski splittings and Newby <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even shifts extracted from the data are compared with theoretical calculations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Salicio, J.; Drissi, S.; Gasser, M.; Kern, J.; Boerner, H.G.; Colvin, G.G.; Schreckenbach, K.; Hoff, R.W.; Lougheed, R.W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">297</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3184554"> <span id="translatedtitle">Semiparametric inference of proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model based on randomly truncated data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper studies the estimation in the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model based on randomly truncated data. The proposed estimators for the regression coefficients include a class of minimum distance estimators defined through weighted empirical <span class="hlt">odds</span> function. We have investigated the asymptotic properties like the consistency and the limiting distribution of the proposed estimators under mild conditions. The finite sample properties were investigated through simulation study making comparison of some of the estimators in the class. We conclude with an illustration of our proposed method to a well-known AIDS data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sundaram, Rajeshwari</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">298</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvE..88a2903P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Time-delayed feedback control design beyond the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number limitation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present an algorithm for a time-delayed feedback control design to stabilize periodic orbits with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of positive Floquet exponents in autonomous systems. Due to the so-called <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number theorem such orbits have been considered as uncontrollable by time-delayed feedback methods. However, this theorem has been refuted by a counterexample and recently a corrected version of the theorem has been proved. In our algorithm, the control matrix is designed using a relationship between Floquet multipliers of the systems controlled by time-delayed and proportional feedback. The efficacy of the algorithm is demonstrated with the Lorenz and Chua systems.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pyragas, Kestutis; Novi?enko, Viktor</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">299</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88c4315H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pair-truncated shell-model analysis for doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei around mass 130</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Low-lying states for doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei in the mass A˜130 region are investigated using a pair-truncated shell model. Energy levels of the low-lying states for doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei, 132Cs, 130Cs, 134La, and 132La, are reproduced very well along with the electromagnetic transitions. The analysis of the wave functions reveals band structure for doublet bands built on the ?h11/2??h11/2 configuration, showing various angular-momentum configurations of the unpaired neutron and the unpaired proton, weakly coupled with the quadrupole collective excitations of the even-even part of the nucleus.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Higashiyama, Koji; Yoshinaga, Naotaka</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">300</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/799070"> <span id="translatedtitle">Set-up of PEP-II Longitudinal Feedback Systems for Even/<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Bunch Spacings</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Feedback systems installed for control of coupled-bunch longitudinal instabilities in PEP-II collider have been designed to process bunch data at one half of the ring RF frequency. As a result these systems are ideally suited for controlling ring fills where only even or only <span class="hlt">odd</span> RF buckets are populated (even bunch spacings). However in the operation of PEP-II per bunch charge considerations require fill patterns that alternately populate even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> buckets. In this note we present a technique that allows to use existing hardware to provide feedback control of all bunches in such fills.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Teytelman, Dmitry</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-05-14</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">301</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997PhRvL..79...31B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Universal Anharmonic Vibrator Description of Quasiband Structures in Collective Even-Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span>- A Nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is found that energy correlations within the bands of the good rotor <span class="hlt">odd</span>- A nuclei are well described by an anharmonic vibrator formula, which indicates an unexpected constancy of the moment of inertia. Based on a large collection of quasibands in all collective even-even and <span class="hlt">odd</span>- A nuclei, an empirical recurrence relation is proposed which allows one to calculate the excitation energies of any band starting from its lowest two. This simple two-parameter formula can be reduced approximately to that of a second order anharmonic vibrator.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bucurescu, D.; M?rginean, N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">302</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21596677"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in Z and N distributions of fragments emitted at intermediate energies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in Z and N distributions of light fragments emitted at forward angles in nuclear collisions {sup 40}Ca + {sup 40}Ca, {sup 40}Ca + {sup 48}Ca, and {sup 48}Ca + {sup 48}Ca at 25 MeV/nucleon and identified in charge and mass with the Chimera multidetector have been analyzed. The amplitude of even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> staggering effects seems to be related to the neutron to proton ratio N/Z of the entrance channels. A qualitative explanation of this effect, taking into account the deexcitation phase of primary excited fragments, is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lombardo, I.; Lanzalone, G. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy); Facolta di Ingegneria ed Architettura, Universita' 'Kore'' di Enna, Enna (Italy); Agodi, C.; Amorini, F.; Anzalone, A.; Han, J.; Maiolino, C. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy); Auditore, L.; Loria, D.; Trifiro, A.; Trimarchi, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina and INFN-Gruppo Collegato, Messina (Italy); Berceanu, I. [Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Cardella, G.; De Filippo, E.; Pagano, A.; Papa, M.; Pirrone, S. [INFN-Sezione di Catania, Via S. Sofia, 95123 Catania (Italy); Cavallaro, S.; Porto, F.; Rizzo, F. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">303</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24166374"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Bioluminescent Imaging of Spontaneously Occurring Tumors in Immunocompetent <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Luciferase Bearing Transgenic Mice.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The imaging of spontaneously occurring tumors in mice poses many technical and logistical problems. Recently a mouse model was generated in which a chimeric protein consisting of HIF-1? oxygen-dependent degradation domain (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) fused to luciferase was ubiquitously expressed in all tissues. Hypoxic stress leads to the accumulation of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-luciferase in the tissues of this mouse model which can be identified by noninvasive bioluminescence measurement. Crossing this transgenic mouse with tumorigenic mice yields solid tumors with hypoxic cores that may be successfully imaged and characterized using the technique described herein. PMID:24166374</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Goldman, Scott J; Jin, Shengkan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">304</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21075737"> <span id="translatedtitle">Collective states of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei in a model with quadrupole-octupole degrees of freedom</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We apply the collective axial quadrupole-octupole Hamiltonian to describe the rotation-vibration motion of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei with Coriolis coupling between the even-even core and the unpaired nucleon.We consider that the core oscillates coherently with respect to the quadrupole and octupole axialdeformation variables. The coupling between the core and the unpaired nucleon provides a split paritydoublet structure of the spectrum. The formalism successfully reproduces the parity-doublet splitting in a wide range of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei. It provides model estimations for the third angular-momentum projection K on the intrinsic symmetry axis and the related intrinsic nuclear structure.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Minkov, N., E-mail: nminkov@inrne.bas.bg; Drenska, S. B.; Yotov, P. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (Bulgaria); Bonatsos, D. [NCSR Demokritos, Institute of Nuclear Physics (Greece)], E-mail: bonat@inp.demokritos.gr; Scheid, W. [Institut fuer Theoretische Physik der Justus-Liebig-Universitaet (Germany)], E-mail: Werner.Scheid@theo.physik.uni-giessen.de</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">305</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.imar.ro/%7Esergium/fisiere/Eta-Selberg2501.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Eta invariant and Selberg Zeta function of <span class="hlt">odd</span> type over convex co-compact hyperbolic manifolds</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show meromorphic extension and analyze the divisors of a Selberg zeta function of <span class="hlt">odd</span> type $Z_{\\\\Gamma,\\\\Sigma}^{\\\\rm o}(\\\\lambda)$ associated to the spinor bundle $\\\\Sigma$ on <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensional convex co-compact hyperbolic manifolds $X:=\\\\Gamma\\\\backslash\\\\hh^{2n+1}$. We define a natural eta invariant $\\\\eta(D)$ associated to the Dirac operator $D$ on $X$ and prove that $\\\\eta(D)=\\\\frac{1}{\\\\pi i}\\\\log Z_{\\\\Gamma,\\\\Sigma}^{\\\\rm o}(0)$, thus extending Millson's formula to this</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Colin Guillarmou; Sergiu Moroianu; Jinsung Park</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">306</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.utah.edu/news/releases/04/feb/spin.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">University of Utah: A New Step in Spintronics "Organic Spin Valves" <span class="hlt">Shown</span> as feasible for New Electronic Devices</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This news release from the University of Utah discusses the <span class="hlt">physics</span> department's discovery of "a new generation of faster, cheaper computers and electronics by building the first 'organic spin valves.'" The physicists, who recently published their findings in _Nature_, developed semiconductors made of organic material that operate similar to switch valves to direct the flow of electrical current. The website educates users about spintronics and spin valves and their relationship to semiconductors. Visitors can learn how the new invention can be applied to computer memory chips and air pollution, magnetic fields, radiation, and light sensors.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">307</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20955422"> <span id="translatedtitle">Critical-Point Symmetries in Boson-Fermion Systems: The Case of Shape Transitions in <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nuclei in a Multiorbit Model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate phase transitions in boson-fermion systems. We propose an analytically solvable model [E(5/12)] to describe <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei at the critical point in the transition from the spherical to {gamma}-unstable behavior. In the model, a boson core described within the Bohr Hamiltonian interacts with an unpaired particle assumed to be moving in the three single-particle orbitals j=1/2, 3/2, 5/2. Energy spectra and electromagnetic transitions at the critical point compare well with the results obtained within the interacting boson-fermion model, with a boson-fermion Hamiltonian that describes the same <span class="hlt">physical</span> situation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, 41080 Sevilla (Spain); Vitturi, A. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, 41080 Sevilla (Spain); Dipartimento di Fisica Galileo Galilei and INFN, Via Marzolo 8, 35131 Padova (Italy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-02-02</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">308</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1011944"> <span id="translatedtitle">Localization of a source of marine <span class="hlt">odd</span> chain-length fatty acids. II. Seasonal propagation of <span class="hlt">odd</span> chain-length monoethylenic fatty acids in a marine food chain.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The unusual occurrence of elevated levels of <span class="hlt">odd</span> chain length fatty acids (OCFA) in smelt taken during winter months in Jeddore Harbour, Nova Scotia, is due to the dietary intake of large numbers of the amphipod Pontoporeia femorata (Kröyer). Sampling over two winters confirms that the seasonal peak period for this amphipod in stomachs is mid-December to the end of February. The distributions of monoethylenic isomers are compared to distinguish exogenous and endogenous smelt dietary features in terms of the geographically limited phenomenon of high OCFA levels and the essential absence of biological activity for these acids. PMID:1011944</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paradis, M; Ackman, R G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">309</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=male+AND+contraceptive&pg=3&id=EJ750700"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teenage Parenthood among Child Welfare Clients: A Swedish National Cohort Study of Prevalence and <span class="hlt">Odds</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">To assess prevalence and <span class="hlt">odds</span> for teenage parenthood among former child welfare clients, we used national register data for all children born in Sweden 1972-1983 (n = 1,178,207), including 49,582 former child welfare clients with varying intervention experiences. Logistic regression models, adjusted for demographic, socio-economic and familial…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vinnerljung, Bo; Franzen, Eva; Danielsson, Maria</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">310</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=DE98611567"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rotational high spin structures in doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> in (sup 184)Au.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Excited states in the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> (sup 184)Au nucleus have been studied by in-beam (gamma)-ray spectroscopy. This nucleus was produced through the fusion-evaporation reactions (sup 165)Ho((sup 24)Mg, 5n), (sup 170)Yb((sup 19)F, 5n) and (sup 161)Dy((sup 27)...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. Ibrahim B. Roussiere J. Sauvage C. Bourgeois A. Korichi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">311</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PPNL...10..336B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear spin-orbit interaction and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> angular correlations in ternary fission</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> angular correlations in ternary fission of 233U and 235U nuclei by slow polarized neutrons are not related to TRI (time reversal invariance) violation, but are caused by an effective spin-orbit interaction in the final state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Barabanov, A. L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">312</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19733966"> <span id="translatedtitle">Magnetic dipole moments of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei in the spherical region</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The magnetic dipole moments of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei are calculated and ; compared to the experimental data for nuclei with particles in the 28-126 shells, ; except for the deformed region of 150 less than or equal to A less than or equal ; to 190. The wave functions upon which the calculation is based are admixtures of ; seniority-one wave</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">N. Freed; L. S. Kisslinger</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1961-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">313</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/42034115"> <span id="translatedtitle">Middle atmosphere heating by exothermic chemical reactions involving <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen species</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The rate of heating which occurs in the middle atmosphere due to four exothermic reactions involving members of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen family is calculated. The following reactions are considered: O + OH yields O2 + H; H + O2 + M yields HO2 + M; H + O3 yields OH + O2; and O + HO2 yields OH + O2. It</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Martin G. Mlynczak; Susan Solomon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">314</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22How+Children+succeed%22&id=EJ883479"> <span id="translatedtitle">Learning in the Home and at School: How Working Class Children "Succeed against the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>"</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This paper presents data collected in individual case studies that aimed to investigate children and their families who succeeded against the usual "<span class="hlt">odds</span>" of disadvantage. Funded as an extension of EPPE 3-11 by the Cabinet Office for the Equalities Review, the study focused particularly closely upon the performance of disadvantaged children from…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Siraj-Blatchford, Iram</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">315</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA116867"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Simple Quadrature Formula from Simpson's Rule Applicable for <span class="hlt">ODD</span> or EVEN n.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A simple quadrature formula is derived using Simpson's One-Third Rule that applies for an <span class="hlt">odd</span> or even number of subdivisions, and whose coefficients of the ordinates are unity except near the ends of the integration range. To apply the formula, two additi...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">N. H. Ethridge</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">316</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57810442"> <span id="translatedtitle">Volunteer Organizations: <span class="hlt">Odds</span> or Obstacle for Small Business Formation in Rural Areas? Evidence from Swiss Municipalities</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Schulz T. and Baumgartner D. Volunteer organizations: <span class="hlt">odds</span> or obstacle for small business formation in rural areas? Evidence from Swiss municipalities, Regional Studies. Rural development strategies often claim to stimulate new firm foundations, for example, by supporting locally active volunteer organizations for economic development. Based on survey data from 254 rural Swiss municipalities, this paper analyses the influence of different</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tobias Schulz; Daniel Baumgartner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">317</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58329145"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Efficiency of the UK Fixed-<span class="hlt">Odds</span> Betting Market for Euro 2004</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">An assessment is made of the efficiency of four UK high street bookmakers’ betting <span class="hlt">odds</span> for the 2004 European football (soccer) championships, based on an analysis of match results data from 15 previous international tournaments. Pretournament probabilities for the outright winners of Euro 2004 are generated using Monte Carlo simulations. There is no evidence that the bookmakers underestimated the win</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John Goddard; Stuart Thomas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">318</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58047983"> <span id="translatedtitle">Information, Prices and Efficiency in a Fixed-<span class="hlt">Odds</span> Betting Market</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This paper examines the efficiency of the Association Football betting market in the United Kingdom. The notable features of this market are that the <span class="hlt">odds</span> are fixed some time before matches occur and differ between bookmaking firms. While there is some evidence of ex post inefficiency, there does not appear to be profitable betting strategies that could have been implemented</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Peter F Pope; David A Peel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">319</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Treatments+of+psychiatric+Disorders%22&id=EJ632620"> <span id="translatedtitle">Ignoring the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Hazards of Not Adding the New Medical Model to Special Education Decisions.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This article reviews evidence on the treatment and comorbidity of psychiatric disorders with the purpose of suggesting <span class="hlt">odds</span> that a child with behavioral disorder may indeed have a disorder that is responsive to psychopharmacologic treatment. Merging the medical and behavioral models is suggested as critical to special education decisions.…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Forness, Steven R.; Kavale, Kenneth A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">320</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/41151653"> <span id="translatedtitle">Modeling preference of commercial toasted white corn tortilla chips using proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Eleven commercial toasted white corn tortilla chip products from the United States were evaluated by a group of 80 consumers of age 18–35 and by a trained sensory panel. Proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> models in conjunction with principal components were used for internal and external preference modeling of tortilla chip consumer overall acceptance. The internal preference modeling showed that flavor was the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. F. Meullenet; R. Xiong; J. A. Hankins; P. Dias; S. Zivanovic; M. A. Monsoor; T. Bellman-Horner; Z. Liu; H. Fromm</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">321</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22ai%22&pg=3&id=EJ977834"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anger and Irritability Symptoms among Youth with <span class="hlt">ODD</span>: Cross-Informant versus Source-Exclusive Syndromes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examined differences in co-occurring psychological symptoms and background characteristics among clinically referred youth with oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) with and without anger/irritability symptoms (AIS) according to either parent or teacher (source-exclusive) and both informants (cross-informant), youth with noncompliant symptoms…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gadow, Kenneth D.; Drabick, Deborah A. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">322</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/p131830880284j7p.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Letter: Interpolating Between the Bose-Einstein and the Fermi-Dirac Distributions in <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Dimensions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the response of a uniformly accelerated monopole detector that is coupled to a superposition of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> and an even power of a quantized, massless scalar field in flat spacetime in arbitrary dimensions. We show that, when the field is assumed to be in the Minkowski vacuum, the response of the detector is characterized by a Bose-Einstein factor</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. Sriramkumar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">323</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013FBS....54.1105M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear Forces in the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Parity Sector and the LS Forces from Lattice QCD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The first lattice QCD calculation for the spin-orbit potential as well as the central and the tensor potentials in parity <span class="hlt">odd</span> sector is presented for the two-nucleon system. These potentials are extracted from the Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave functions for total angular momenta based on the representation theory of the cubic group.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Murano, Keiko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">324</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Williams%2c+C&id=EJ812664"> <span id="translatedtitle">Empowerment Zone: Texas School Beats the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> with a Shared Commitment to Student Learning</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The <span class="hlt">odds</span> were stacked against the new elementary school from the beginning. In its favor, the school was a beautiful building with an established principal. Beyond that, anyone would predict that the first year would be tough. The staff consisted of new teachers and transfers from across the district. The students were reassigned from two…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Berkey, Timothy; Dow, Elizabeth</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">325</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21504925"> <span id="translatedtitle">Muon signals of very light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs states of the NMSSM at the LHC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study here the {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} decay mode of a very light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson of the NMSSM, a{sub 1}, produced in association with a bottom-antibottom pair and find that, despite small event rates, a significant signal should be extractable from the SM background at the LHC with high luminosity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Almarashi, M. M.; Moretti, S. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Southampton, Southampton, SO17 1BJ (United Kingdom)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">326</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED522773.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improving the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Adolescents: State Policies That Support Adolescent Health and Well-Being. Report</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For policymakers, adolescence presents an invaluable opportunity to ensure that all young people can access the high-quality services and supports they need to improve their <span class="hlt">odds</span> of becoming successful, healthy, productive adults. At an historic moment when the provisions and breadth of health care reform are under vigorous debate, it is important…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schwarz, Susan Wile; Aratani, Yumiko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">327</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/7n66l7650112m776.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Energy systematics of low-lying Nilsson levels in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass einsteinium isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass mendelevium isotopes ( A = 247-255) has been studied by means of ?-? spectroscopy. Strong evidence for a small ? branch in the decay of 253Md was found. ? lines in coincidence with ?-decays of 247, 249, 251, 253Md have been observed for the first time. Levels in the einsteinium daughter nuclei were assigned on the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">F. P. Heßberger; S. Antalic; B. Streicher; S. Hofmann; D. Ackermann; B. Kindler; I. Kojouharov; P. Kuusiniemi; M. Leino; B. Lommel; R. Mann; K. Nishio; S. Saro; B. Sulignano</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">328</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=N&id=EJ985833"> <span id="translatedtitle">Why the Faulhaber Polynomials Are Sums of Even or <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Powers of (n + 1/2)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|By extending Faulhaber's polynomial to negative values of n, the sum of the p'th powers of the first n integers is seen to be an even or <span class="hlt">odd</span> polynomial in (n + 1/2) and therefore expressible in terms of the sum of the first n integers.|</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hersh, Reuben</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">329</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008MaCom..77.1859G"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> perfect numbers have a prime factor exceeding 10^8</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Jenkins in 2003 showed that every <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number is divisible by a prime exceeding 10^7 . Using the properties of cyclotomic polynomials, we improve this result to show that every perfect number is divisible by a prime exceeding 10^8 .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Goto, Takeshi; Ohno, Yasuo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">330</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED535263.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Delaware Middle Schools Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>. Technical Report Number T2010.4</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|The investigation identified Delaware public and charter middle schools across the state which outperformed other Delaware middle schools with similar student demographic profiles. Teachers and administrators at six of these "Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>" schools and at six comparison middle schools were surveyed regarding their schools characteristics and…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Grusenmeyer, Linda; Fifield, Steve; Murphy, Aideen; Nian, Qinghua; Qian, Xiaoyu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">331</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=mathematical+AND+risks+AND+research&pg=5&id=EJ689282"> <span id="translatedtitle">How Much More Likely? The Implications of <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios for Probabilities</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Binary outcome data are common in research and evaluation. They are often analyzed using logistic regression, and results of these analyses are often reported in the form of <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (ORs). However, ORs are not directly interpretable in the metric commonly used in policy-relevant discussions, which concerns probabilities. ORs are unfamiliar to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liberman, Akiva M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">332</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3751445"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prevalence and diagnostic stability of ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> in Turkish children: a 4-year longitudinal study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background This study was designed to assess the prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) in a representative sample of second grade students from a country in a region where no previous rates are available (Turkey). The second aim is to evaluate the differences in ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> prevalence rates among four different waves with one-year gap in reassessments. Method Sixteen schools were randomly selected and stratified according to socioeconomic classes. The DSM-IV Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S) was delivered to parents and teachers for screening in around 1500 children. Screen positive cases and matched controls were extensively assessed using the K-SADS-PL and a scale to assess impairment criterion. The sample was reassessed in the second, third and fourth waves with the same methodology. Results The prevalence rates of ADHD in the four waves were respectively 13.38%, 12.53%, 12.22% and 12.91%. The <span class="hlt">ODD</span> prevalence was found to be 3.77% in the first wave, 0.96% in the second, 5.41% in the third and 5.35% in the fourth wave. Mean <span class="hlt">ODD</span> prevalence was found to be 3.87%. Conclusions The prevalence rates of ADHD in the four waves were remarkably higher than the worldwide pooled childhood prevalence. ADHD diagnosis was quite stable in reassessments after one, two and three years. A mean <span class="hlt">ODD</span> prevalence consistent with the worldwide-pooled prevalence was found; but diagnostic stability was much lower compared to ADHD.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">333</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3072859"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospectively Assessed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Associated <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives We examined the association of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity with prospectively assessed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a military cohort. Methods Using baseline and follow-up questionnaire data from a large prospective study of U.S. service members, we applied multivariable logistic regression to examine the adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> of new-onset and persistent PTSD symptoms associated with light/moderate <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, and strength training at follow-up. Results Of the 38,883 participants, 89.4% reported engaging in at least 30 minutes of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity per week. At follow-up, those who reported proportionately less <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity were more likely to screen positive for PTSD. Vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity had the most consistent relationship with PTSD. Those who reported at least 20 minutes of vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity twice weekly had significantly decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for new-onset (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio [OR] = 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49, 0.70) and persistent (OR=0.59, 95% CI 0.42, 0.83) PTSD symptoms. Conclusions Engagement in <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, especially vigorous activity, is significantly associated with decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of PTSD symptoms among U.S. service members. While further longitudinal research is necessary, a <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity component may be valuable to PTSD treatment and prevention programs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">LeardMann, Cynthia A.; Kelton, Molly L.; Smith, Besa; Littman, Alyson J.; Boyko, Edward J.; Wells, Timothy S.; Smith, Tyler C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">334</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/36983015"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Occurrence of Partner <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Aggression on Days of Alcohol Consumption: A Longitudinal Diary Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The likelihood of partner <span class="hlt">physical</span> aggression on days of male partners' alcohol consumption, during a 15-month period, was examined for men entering a domestic violence treatment program (n = 137) and domestically violent men entering an alcoholism treatment program (n = 135). For men entering the domestic violence treatment program (alcoholism treatment program <span class="hlt">odds</span> in parentheses), the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of any</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">William Fals-Stewart</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">335</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=319623"> <span id="translatedtitle">Novel role of calcium in exocytosis: mechanism of nematocyst discharge as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by x-ray microanalysis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Mature nematocysts of the sea anemones Rhodactis rhodostoma and Anthopleura elegantissima contain a fluid that has a high concentration of solutes and is extraordinarily rich in calcium (ca. 500-600 mmol/kg wet weight); this contrasts with the surrounding cytoplasm which is rich in potassium but poor in calcium. The undischarged capsule is surrounded by a membrane that probably acts as a selective permeability barrier between the cytoplasm and the nematocyst fluid. During discharge the nematocyst moves to the surface of the nematocyte and comes into contact with the external sea water medium. Calcium, which may be bound to proteins in the undischarged state, is rapidly lost from the fluid; at the same time, sea water enters the capsule. In vitro experiments have already <span class="hlt">shown</span> that calcium loss increases the osmotic pressure of the capsular fluid, causing an influx of water from the external medium; this influx appears to increase the hydrostatic pressure inside the capsule to the point that the thread everts explosively. Images</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lubbock, R; Gupta, B L; Hall, T A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">336</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.preventelderabuse.org/elderabuse/physical.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Abuse</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Abuse <span class="hlt">Physical</span> abuse is <span class="hlt">physical</span> force or violence that results in bodily injury, pain, or impairment. ... or clusters of indicators that suggest a problem. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> indicators Sprains, dislocations, fractures, or broken bones Burns ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">337</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/exercise/sports_physicals.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sports <span class="hlt">Physicals</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... season is so important. What Is a Sports <span class="hlt">Physical</span>? In the sports medicine field, the sports <span class="hlt">physical</span> ... give answers you think your doctor wants. Continue <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Examination During the <span class="hlt">physical</span> part of the exam, ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">338</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57142051"> <span id="translatedtitle">Epidemiology of <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity, <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Fitness and Coronary Heart Disease</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Observational population-based studies have consistently <span class="hlt">shown</span> an inverse dose-response gradient between <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity or fitness and coronary heart disease. This relationship is more firmly established in men. Existing studies suggest that the <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity gradient, and perhaps the fitness gradient, is produced by a combination of varying levels of both the intensity and the amount of habitual <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity. It</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mitchell H. Whaley; Steven N. Blair</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">339</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22275093"> <span id="translatedtitle">A synthetic hexapeptide designed to resemble a proteinaceous P-loop nest is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to bind inorganic phosphate.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The hexapeptide Ser-Gly-Ala-Gly-Lys-Thr has been synthesized and characterized. It was designed as a minimal soluble peptide that would be likely to have the phosphate-binding properties observed in the P-loops of proteins that bind the ?-phosphate of GTP or ATP. The ?-phosphate in such proteins is bound by a combination of the side chain ?-amino group of the lysine residue plus the concavity formed by successive main chain peptide NH groups called a nest, which is favored by the glycines. The hexapeptide is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to bind HPO(4) (2-) strongly at neutral pH. The affinities of the various ionized species of phosphate and hexapeptide are analyzed, showing that they increase with pH. It is likely the main chain NH groups of the hexapeptide bind phosphate in much the same way as the corresponding P-loop atoms bind the phosphate ligand in proteins. Most proteinaceous P-loops are situated at the N-termini of ?-helices, and this observation has frequently been considered a key aspect of these binding sites. Such a hexapeptide in isolation seems unlikely to form an ?-helix, an expectation in accord with the CD spectra examined; this suggests that being at the N-terminus of an ?-helix is not essential for phosphate binding. An unexpected finding about the hexapeptide-HPO(4) (2-) complex is that the side chain ?-amino group of the lysine occurs in its deprotonated form, which appears to bind HPO(4) (2-) via an N···H-O-P hydrogen bond. PMID:22275093</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bianchi, Antonio; Giorgi, Claudia; Ruzza, Paolo; Toniolo, Claudio; Milner-White, E James</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">340</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1468190"> <span id="translatedtitle">Carbohydrate moieties of the interstitial and glandular tissues of the amphibian Pleurodeles waltl testis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by lectin histochemistry</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The amphibian testis is a useful model because of its zonal organisation in lobules, distributed along the cephalocaudal axis, each containing a unique germ cell type. Sperm empty lobules form the so-called glandular tissue at the posterior region of the gonad. Androgen production is limited to the cells of the interstitial tissue surrounding lobules with spermatozoa bundles and to the cells of the glandular tissue. In this work, we have studied the distribution of terminal carbohydrate moieties of N- and O-linked oligosaccharides in the interstitial and glandular tissue of the Pleurodeles waltl testis, by means of 14 lectins combined with chemical and enzymatic deglycosylation pretreatment. Some differences in glycan composition between the interstitial and the glandular tissue have been detected. Thus in both tissues, N-linked oligosaccharides contained mannose, Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, and Neu5Ac(?2,3)Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, while O-linked oligosaccharides contained Con A-positive mannose, Gal(?1,3)GalNAc, Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, Neu5Ac(?2,3)Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, and WGA-positive GlcNAc. Fucose was also detected in both tissues. However, GlcNAc on N-linked oligosaccharides and GalNAc and Neu5Ac(?2,6)Gal/GalNAc on both N- and O-linked oligosaccharides were found only in the interstitial tissue. As glandular tissue cells arise from the innermost cells of interstitial tissue that surround lobules, the differences in the glycan composition of interstitial and glandular tissue <span class="hlt">shown</span> in this work may be related to the start of androgen synthesis when steroid hormone (SH)-secreting cells develop.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">SAEZ, FRANCISCO JOSE; MADRID, JUAN FRANCISCO; APARICIO, RAQUEL; HERNANDEZ, FRANCISCO; ALONSO, EDURNE</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a 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href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">341</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22sports+AND+participation%22&pg=3&id=EJ654769"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of suicidal behavior among male and female…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">342</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22students+college%22+AND+%22physical+activity%22&pg=5&id=EJ654769"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of suicidal behavior among male and female…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">343</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2002PhRvL..88g3001P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Calculation of P, T-<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Effects in 205TlF Including Electron Correlation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method and codes for two-step correlation calculations of heavy-atom molecules have been developed, employing the generalized relativistic effective core potential (GRECP) and relativistic coupled cluster (RCC) methods at the first step, followed by nonvariational one-center restoration of proper four-component spinors in the heavy cores. Electron correlation is included for the first time in an ab initio calculation of the interaction of the permanent P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> proton electric dipole moments with the internal electromagnetic field in a molecule. Inclusion of electron correlation by GRECP/RCC has a major effect on the P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> parameters of 205TlF, decreasing M by 17% and X by 22%.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Petrov, A. N.; Mosyagin, N. S.; Isaev, T. A.; Titov, A. V.; Ezhov, V. F.; Eliav, E.; Kaldor, U.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">344</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/122375"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematics of low-lying dipole strengths in <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even Dy and Gd isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Photon scattering experiments on the <span class="hlt">odd</span>, deformed nuclei {sup 161,163}Dy and {sup 157}Gd provided detailed information on the excitation energies and transition probabilities of low-lying dipole excitations. In the case of the even-even nuclei {sup 162,164}Dy in addition spins and parities of the excited states could be determined model independently by measuring the angular distributions and the linear polarization of the scattered photons using a Compton polarimeter. The results are compared with the systematics obtained for the neighboring even-even isotopes {sup 160}Dy and {sup 156,158,160}Gd in previous photon scattering experiments. Whereas in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Dy isotopes a concentration of dipole strength is observed, which fits nicely into the systematics of the orbital {ital M}1 mode, the dipole strength in {sup 157}Gd is completely fragmented into about 90 transitions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Margraf, J.; Eckert, T.; Rittner, M.; Bauske, I.; Beck, O.; Kneissl, U.; Maser, H.; Pitz, H.H.; Schiller, A. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Brentano, P.v.; Fischer, R.; Herzberg, R.; Pietralla, N.; Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Friedrichs, H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Leihgesterner Weg 217, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">345</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21175739"> <span id="translatedtitle">Absolute testing of the reference surface of a Fizeau interferometer through even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> decompositions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Absolute testing of spherical surfaces is a technological necessity because of increased accuracy requirements. In a Fizeau setup, the main part of the interferometer deviations thereby comes from the reference surface. We demonstrate the validity of an absolute testing procedure for the reference surface that has been proposed earlier. The procedure relies on the decomposition of the surface deviations into <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even parts and could be used in partially coherent illumination. The <span class="hlt">odd</span> deviations are obtained from a basic and a 180 deg. -rotated position of an auxiliary sphere, and the even deviations can be measured with the help of a cat's eye position in double pass using an opaque half screen in the interferometer aperture.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schreiner, R.; Schwider, J.; Lindlein, N.; Mantel, K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-11-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">346</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007APS..MAR.H9008C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Long range <span class="hlt">odd</span> frequency triplet components in F/S/F trilayers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We calculate the singlet and triplet pairing amplitudes of the ferromagnet/superconductor/ferromagnet (F/S/F) trilayers by solving the Usadel equation linearized near the transition temperature Tc in the diffusive limit. Here, S is a conventional singlet s-wave supercondcutor like Nb and F is a ferromagnet like CoFe. A particular focus is on the <span class="hlt">odd</span> frequency triplet pairing components which have a long length scale in F region unlike the singlet pairing component. The triplet components in F/S/F are induced by the proximity effects when the two F's have non-colinear orientations. We will identify the fingerprints of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> frequency triplet pairing components which will help to directly observe them in the F/S/F trilayers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Choi, Han-Yong; Lee, Nayoung</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">347</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007IJMPB..21.3167C"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> Frequency Triplet Pairing Components in F/s/f Trilayers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We calculate the singlet and triplet pairing components of F/S/F trilayers by solving the Usadel equation in the dirty limit. Here, S is a conventional singlet s-wave superconductor like Nb and F is a ferromagnet like CoFe. A particular focus is on the <span class="hlt">odd</span> frequency triplet pairing components which have a long length scale in F region unlike the singlet pairing component. The triplet components in F/S/F are induced by the broken time reversal symmetry and the proximity effects. The cases of parallel and perpendicular orientations of the two F's are calculated and discussed for the fingerprint of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> frequency triplet pairing components.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Choi, Han-Yong; Lee, Nayoung</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">348</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvL.111g3902C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Asymmetric Molecular Imaging through Decoding <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Even High-Order Harmonics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The exquisite procedure for imaging a molecular orbital with high-order harmonics proposed by Itatani et al. [Nature (London) 432, 867 (2004)] encounters difficulty when extended to an asymmetric molecule because the wave function there usually does not have a definite parity. With the observation that the wave function can be decomposed into a sum of <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even functions and that the ionization process in harmonic generation is usually not sensitive to the asymmetry of the molecular potential, we predict that asymmetric molecular orbital imaging can be implemented through decoding <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even high-order harmonics. A generalized tomography procedure is proposed, which has been certified by analytic deduction and numerical simulation. The above finding greatly extends the molecular tomography procedure and will further stimulate related experiments.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Y. J.; Fu, L. B.; Liu, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">349</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1013994"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rotational bands in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Cm and Cf isotopes : exploring the highest neutron orbitals.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Rotational bands have been identified up to high spins ({approx}28{h_bar}) in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei {sup 247,249}Cm and {sup 249}Cf through inelastic excitation and transfer reactions around the Z=100 region where stability results from shell effects. The [620]1/2 Nilsson configuration in {sup 249}Cm is the highest-lying neutron orbital, from above the N=164 spherical subshell gap, for which high-spin rotational behavior has been established. The data allow for an unambiguous experimental assignment of configurations to the observed bands, unusual for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei near Z=100. The high-spin properties are described in terms of Woods-Saxon cranking calculations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tandel, S. K.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, U. S.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Gros, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Greene, J. P.; Hartley, D. J.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Peterson, D.; Robinson, A.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); ( PHY); (Univ. of Massachusetts); (U.S. Naval Academy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-04</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">350</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21419585"> <span id="translatedtitle">Rotational bands in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Cm and Cf isotopes: Exploring the highest neutron orbitals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Rotational bands have been identified up to high spins ({approx_equal}28({h_bar}/2{pi})) in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei {sup 247,249}Cm and {sup 249}Cf through inelastic excitation and transfer reactions around the Z=100 region where stability results from shell effects. The [620]1/2 Nilsson configuration in {sup 249}Cm is the highest-lying neutron orbital, from above the N=164 spherical subshell gap, for which high-spin rotational behavior has been established. The data allow for an unambiguous experimental assignment of configurations to the observed bands, unusual for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei near Z=100. The high-spin properties are described in terms of Woods-Saxon cranking calculations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tandel, S. K.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, U. S. [Department of Physics, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, Massachusetts 01854 (United States); Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Gros, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Greene, J. P.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Peterson, D.; Robinson, A.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Hartley, D. J. [Department of Physics, US Naval Academy, Annapolis, Maryland 21402 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">351</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhST..154a4017M"> <span id="translatedtitle">A model for quasi-parity-doublet spectra in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A model of a quadrupole-octupole vibrating and rotating core plus a particle is proposed to describe and classify the quasi-parity-doublet spectra in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei. The yrast levels are described as low-energy rotation-vibration modes built on the ground state. The non-yrast split parity-doublet sequences are considered as higher-energy rotation-vibration modes coupled to one-quasi-particle states. The even-even core is considered within the model of a coherent quadrupole-octupole motion, while the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleon is described within the reflection-asymmetric deformed shell model with pairing interaction. The Coriolis decoupling and K-mixing interactions are calculated microscopically through a parity projection of the single-particle wave function. The unified model scheme was tested on the yrast and non-yrast quasi-parity-doublet spectra in the nuclei 223Ra and 221Fr.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Minkov, Nikolay</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">352</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006GeoRL..3322805H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Solar induced variations of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen: Multiple regression analysis of UARS HALOE data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A linear multiple regression statistical model is applied to estimate the solar induced component of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen variability in the stratosphere and lower mesosphere using UARS HALOE data for 1991-2003. Consistent with earlier studies, evidence is obtained for a decadal NOx variation at the highest available latitudes (50° - 70°) that projects positively onto the solar cycle. This variation, which is most statistically significant in the Southern Hemisphere, also correlates positively with the auroral Ap index. It is therefore probably caused by downward transport during the polar night of thermospheric and mesospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen. In addition, at low latitudes near and above the stratopause, evidence is obtained for an inverse solar cycle NOx variation. It is suggested that this low-latitude response may be caused primarily by increased photolysis of NO under solar maximum conditions. Throughout most of the rest of the stratosphere, no statistically significant response is obtained.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hood, L. L.; Soukharev, B. E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">353</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21415196"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> and CPT-even electrodynamics of the standard model extension at finite temperature</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This work examines the finite temperature properties of the CPT-even and parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> electrodynamics of the standard model extension. The starting point is the partition function computed for an arbitrary and sufficiently small tensor (k{sub F}){sub {alpha}{nu}{rho}{phi}} [see R. Casana, M. M. Ferreira, Jr., J. S. Rodrigues, and M. R. O. Silva, Phys. Rev. D 80, 085026 (2009).]. After specializing the Lorentz-violating tensor (k{sub F}){sub {alpha}{nu}{rho}{phi}}for the leading-order-nonbirefringent and parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> coefficients, the partition function is explicitly carried out, showing that it is a power of the Maxwell partition function. Also, it is observed that the Lorentz invariance violation coefficients induce an anisotropy in the black-body angular energy density distribution. Planck's radiation law retains its usual frequency dependence and the Stefan-Boltzmann law keeps the same form, except for a global proportionality constant.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Casana, Rodolfo; Ferreira, Manoel M. Jr.; Silva, Madson R. O. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Maranhao (UFMA), Campus Universitario do Bacanga, Sao Luis-MA, 65085-580 (Brazil)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-05-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">354</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20995122"> <span id="translatedtitle">Negative parity states and some electromagnetic transition properties of even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> erbium isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The negative parity states and some electromagnetic transition properties of even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> erbium isotopes ({sup 159,161,163,165}Er) were studied within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The single fermion is assumed to be in one of the lh{sub 9/2},3p{sub 3/2},2f{sub 5/2}, and 3p{sub 1/2} single-particle orbits. It was found that the calculated negative parity state energy spectra of the even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> erbium isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data. The B(E2) values were also calculated and compared with the experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yazar, Harun Resit; Uluer, Ihsan [Kirikkale University, Faculty of Art and Science, Kirikkale (Turkey)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-03-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">355</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://zardoz.nilu.no/~andreas/publications/97.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nocturnal <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen budget and its implications for ozone loss in the lower troposphere</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nitrogen oxides are important to the regulation of ozone throughout the Earth's atmosphere. Of particular interest for regional air quality is photochemical production and nocturnal destruction of O3 in the lower troposphere in high NOx(=NO + NO2) environments. Nocturnal tropospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> oxygen (Ox), defined as O3 + NO2 + 2NO3 + 3N2O5, is used to assess the impact of NOx</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">S. S. Brown; J. A. Neuman; T. B. Ryerson; W. P. Dubé; J. S. Holloway; C. Warneke; J. A. de Gouw; S. G. Donnelly; E. Atlas; B. Matthew; A. M. Middlebrook; R. Peltier; R. J. Weber; A. Stohl; J. F. Meagher; F. C. Fehsenfeld; A. R. Ravishankara</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">356</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008InvPr..24b5021R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Inversion formulae for the spherical mean in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions and the Euler Poisson Darboux equation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The paper contains a simple proof of the Finch-Patch-Rakesh inversion formula for the spherical mean Radon transform in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions. Inversion of that transform is important for thermoacoustic tomography and represents a challenging mathematical problem. The argument relies on the idea of analytic continuation and known properties of the Erdélyi-Kober fractional integrals. The result is applied to the solution of the Cauchy problem for the Euler-Poisson-Darboux equation with initial data on the cylindrical surface.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rubin, Boris</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">357</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/13056522"> <span id="translatedtitle">Generalized ordered logit\\/partial proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> models for ordinal dependent variables</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article describes the gologit2 program for generalized ordered logit models. gologit2 is inspired by Vincent Fu’s gologit routine (Stata Technical Bulletin Reprints 8: 160–164) and is backward compatible with it but offers several additional powerful options. A major strength of gologit2 is that it can fit three special cases of the generalized model: the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span>\\/parallel-lines model, the partial</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Richard Williams</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">358</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55006872"> <span id="translatedtitle">Energy-level systematics of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass lanthanum isotopes; a new coupling scheme</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Heavy-ion reactions have been used to populate states in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A La nuclei (A = 125 --> 137). The gamma-ray spectra indicate strong population of a band based on the 11\\/2- state of each isotope. The character of this band indicates a new type of coupling, and can only be explained if the state has a prolate deformation. This is</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. R. Leigh; K. Nakai; K. H. Maier; F. Pühlhofer; F. S. Stephens; R. M. Diamond</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1973-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">359</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23679740"> <span id="translatedtitle">Magnetic response of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency s-wave Cooper pairs in a superfluid proximity system.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate the magnetic response of a dirty-normal-Fermi-liquid-spin-triplet-superfluid proximity system consisting of liquid 3He and aerogel. In contrast to bulk superfluids, Pauli spin susceptibility in the proximity system exceeds its normal-state value locally around the interface. This enhanced Pauli paramagnetism originates from <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency s-wave pairing arising due to spatial inhomogeneity. A characteristic observable signature of the paramagnetic effect can be found in the spin susceptibility temperature dependence. PMID:23679740</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Higashitani, S; Takeuchi, H; Matsuo, S; Nagato, Y; Nagai, K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-23</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">360</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/939486"> <span id="translatedtitle">Entrance-channel effects in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z tranactinide compound nucleus reactions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilczynska, and Wilczynski's 'Fusion By Diffusion' description [1] of transactinide (TAN) compound nucleus (CN) formation utilizes a three-step model. The first step is the 'sticking', or capture, which can be calculated relatively accurately. The second step is the probability for the formation of a CN by 'diffusion' analogous to that of Brownian motion. Lastly, there exists the probability of the CN 'surviving' deexcitation by neutron emission, which competes with fission and other de-excitation modes. This model predicts and reproduces cross sections typically within a factor of two. Producing the same CN with different projectile-target pairs is a very sensitive way to test entrance channel effects on heavy element production cross sections. If the same CN is produced at or near the same excitation energy the survival portion of the theory is nearly identical for the two reactions. This method can be used as a critical test of the novel 'diffusion' portion of the model. The reactions producing <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z TAN CN such as Db, Bh, Mt, and Rg (Z = 105, 107, 109, and 111, respectively) were first studied using even-Z projectiles on {sup 209}Bi targets (as opposed to <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z projectiles on {sup 208}Pb targets) because lower effective fissility [2] was expected to lead to larger cross sections. Many <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z projectile reactions producing <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z CN had not been studied in-depth until very recently. We have completed studies of these reaction pairs with the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator (BGS) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), see Figure 1. Cross section ratios for several pairs of reactions will be presented and compared with theory.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nelson, S.L.; Gregorich, K.E.; Dragojevic, I.; Dullmann, Ch.E.; Eichler, R.; Folden III, C.M.; Garcia, M.A.; Gates, J.M.; Stavsetra, L.; Sudowe, R.; Nitsche, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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<a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">361</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1989PhLB..233..291C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Topological gauge theory of gravity in five and all <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A topological gauge theory of gravity in five dimensions is presented. This is based on the Chern-Simons five-form and the SO(1, 5) gauge group. The action contains a Gauss-Bonnet term, an Einstein term and a cosmological constant. Quantization and renormalizability of the theory are discussed. Indications of how to generalize to arbitrary <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions are given. Supported by the Swiss National Foundation (SNF).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chamseddine, A. H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1989-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">362</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.atmos-chem-phys-discuss.net/10/3547/2010/acpd-10-3547-2010.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Investigation of the correlation between <span class="hlt">odd</span> oxygen and secondary organic aerosol in Mexico City and Houston</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Many recent models underpredict secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particulate matter (PM) concentrations in polluted regions, indicating serious deficiencies in the models' chemical mechanisms and\\/or missing SOA precursors. Since tropospheric photochemical ozone production is much better understood, we investigate the correlation of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen ([Ox]?[O3]+[NO2]) and the oxygenated component of organic aerosol (OOA), which is interpreted as a surrogate for SOA. OOA</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E. C. Wood; M. R. Canagaratna; S. C. Herndon; J. H. Kroll; T. B. Onasch; C. E. Kolb; D. R. Worsnop; W. B. Knighton; R. Seila; M. Zavala; L. T. Molina; P. F. Decarlo; J. L. Jimenez; A. J. Weinheimer; D. J. Knapp; B. T. Jobson; J. Stutz; W. C. Kuster; E. J. Williams</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">363</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12604228"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interpolating between the Bose-Einstein and the Fermi-Dirac distributions in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the response of a uniformly accelerated monopole detector that is\\u000acoupled to a superposition of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> and an even power of a quantized, massless\\u000ascalar field in flat spacetime in arbitrary dimensions. We show that, when the\\u000afield is assumed to be in the Minkowski vacuum, the response of the detector is\\u000acharacterized by a Bose-Einstein factor</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">L. Sriramkumar</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">364</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013FBS...tmp..194M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear Forces in the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Parity Sector and the LS Forces from Lattice QCD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The first lattice QCD calculation for the spin-orbit potential as well as the central and the tensor potentials in parity <span class="hlt">odd</span> sector is presented for the two-nucleon system. These potentials are extracted from the Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave functions for total angular momenta {JP=A_1-(0^-),T_1-(1^-),T_2-oplus E-(2^-)} based on the representation theory of the cubic group.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Murano, Keiko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">365</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22003862"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microscopic calculations of Qp-values in well-deformed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z proton emitters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Within the Hartree-Fock-BCS and Highly Truncated Diagonalization microscopic approaches we have calculated the ground-state binding energies of axially-deformed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z, even-N nuclei in the A {approx} 130 region and of the even-even daughter nuclei resulting from one-proton emission. The deduced Q{sub p} values are in fair agreement with available experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bonneau, L.; Le Bloas, J.; Quentin, P. [Universite Bordeaux 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux-Gradignan, Gradignan F-33175 (France)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-11-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">366</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21431308"> <span id="translatedtitle">Preschool enrollment is associated with lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> of childhood obesity among WIC participants in LA County.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The prevalence of obesity among children in the United States has increased rapidly during the past few decades. Research into social and behavioral determinants of obesity could lead to innovative strategies for prevention. The objective of the present study was to examine the association between childhood obesity and preschool enrollment and number of hours in child care among low-income preschool-aged children who were participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). We conducted a case-control study including 556 3- to 4-year-old children who were either obese (BMI > 95th percentile of reference standard) or normal-weight (BMI 25-75th percentile). The population was largely (96%) Hispanic, an ethnic group that has one of the highest rates of overweight and obesity in adults and children in the US. In multiple logistic regression analysis, controlling for a variety of psychosocial and cognitive home environment variables, key demographics and maternal variables, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of being obese was 0.61 for children who attended preschool more than 4 days a week (95% CI: 0.41-0.90). Watching television or videos for an hour or more on a typical day (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio 1.71 (95% CI 1.07-2.75)), and higher maternal BMI (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio 1.08 (95% CI 1.05-1.11)) were independently related to <span class="hlt">odds</span> of obesity. The impact of preschool attendance and TV viewing are potentially instructive in terms of preventive interventions for children at this age. PMID:21431308</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koleilat, Maria; Harrison, Gail G; Whaley, Shannon; McGregor, Samar; Jenks, Eloise; Afifi, Abdelmonem</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">367</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhyS...88d5304M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lifetime measurements of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> states in neutral terbium (Tb I)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Radiative lifetimes of 7 <span class="hlt">odd</span> and 11 even parity states of Tb I (Z = 65) have been measured by the time resolved laser induced fluorescence method (TR-LIF). Experimental data for 9 out of the 18 states are obtained for the first time. The radiative lifetimes presented in this study are in good agreement with previous TR-LIF experimental results but systematically shorter than those obtained by the delayed coincidence technique.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malcheva, G.; Engström, L.; Lundberg, H.; Nilsson, H.; Hartman, H.; Blagoev, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">368</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1000853"> <span id="translatedtitle">Test of the Universality of Naive-time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Fragmentation Functions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate the"spontaneous'' hyperon transverse polarization in e+e- annihilation and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes as a test of the universality of the naive-time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> transverse momentum dependent fragmentation functions. We find that universality implies definite sign relations among various observables. This provides a unique opportunity to study initial/final state interaction effects in the fragmentation process and test the associated factorization.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boer, Daniel; Kang, Zhong-Bo; Vogelsang, Werner; Yuan, Feng</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-08-23</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">369</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://web.sau.edu/LillisKevinM/csci660/2008Fall/papers/AmbleeBui.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Can Brand Reputation Improve the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Being Reviewed On-Line?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent research has reinforced the importance of product reviews in e-com- merce. Since posting and maintaining on-line reviews is quite inexpensive, most e-busi- ness sites keep them for the entire duration of a product offering. Few products enjoy a steady stream of new reviews. A longitudinal study measured the impact of brand and pooled reputation on the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of additional</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Naveen Amblee; Tung Bui</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">370</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://emis.luc.ac.be/journals/AG/3-5/2003_215.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> order flag-transitive affine planes of dimension three over their kernel</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">With the exception of Hering's plane of order 27, all known <span class="hlt">odd</span> order flag-transitive a‰ne planes are one of two types: admitting a cyclic transitive action on the line at infinity, or admitting a transitive action on the line at infinity with two equal-sized cyclic orbits. In this paper we show that when the dimension over the kernel for these</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ronald D. Baker; C. Culbert; Gary L. Ebert; Keith E. Mellinger</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">371</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15910514"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odds</span>, prevalence and predictors of sleep problems in school-age normal children.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The objectives of the study were to describe the prevalence, <span class="hlt">odds</span>, and predictors of 36 paediatric sleep behaviours and describe their coexistence in a school-age normal population. The design was community-based questionnaire survey of sleep-wake patterns, sleep environment, and 36 sleep behaviours indicative of six sleep disorder-subscales using the Health-Behaviour Questionnaire. A caregivers' report of 3045 children aged 6-13 years in Belgium constituted the participants. Prevalence of each sleep behaviour was calculated. Log-linear modelling within and between the sleep disorder-subscales was used to screen for coexistence. The effect size of selected night-time parameters to the likelihood of sleep behaviours and disorder-subscale was expressed as <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios via logit regression analysis. Significant differences in sleep-wake patterns were found between weekday and weekend. Ranking by <span class="hlt">odds</span> showed that: (1) sleep problems such as 'tired when waking up', 'repetitive limb movements', 'going to bed reluctantly', and 'sleep paralysis' and; (2) the disorder-subscale 'excessive somnolence' are common in children. Coexistences within and between disorder-subscales of sleep problems are evident in a school-age, normal population. These results suggest that disorders of excessive somnolence (DES) are highly prevalent in a non-clinical sample of school-age children. Furthermore, sleep-onset latency and a noisy, not well-darkened room are predictive towards the <span class="hlt">odds</span> for exhibiting sleep problems and disorders. It is advocated that more information on the importance of good sleep-wake hygiene should reach parents and children. PMID:15910514</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spruyt, Karen; O'Brien, Louise M; Cluydts, Raymond; Verleye, Gino Benjamin; Ferri, Raffaele</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">372</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://lo.um.es/publications/pdfs_main/josa_signodp95.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> aberrations and double-pass measurements of retinal image quality</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigated the formation of the aerial image in the double-pass method to measure the optical quality of the human eye. We show theoretically and empirically that the double pass through the eye's optics forces the light distribution in the aerial image to be an even-symmetric function even if the single-pass point-spread function is asymmetric as a result of <span class="hlt">odd</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pablo Artal; Susana Marcos; Rafael Navarro; David R. Williams</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">373</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23017706"> <span id="translatedtitle">The proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> with partial proportionality constraints model for ordinal response variables.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> assumption in ordered logit models is a restrictive assumption that is often violated in practice. A violation of the assumption indicates that the effects of one or more independent variables significantly vary across cutpoint equations in the model. In order to relax this assumption for the cumulative <span class="hlt">odds</span> model, researchers may use either a "partial" model that relaxes the assumption for a subset of variables or the "generalized" model that relaxes the assumption for every independent variable. In this paper, we propose a relatively new and under-utilized third alternative, the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> with partial proportionality constraints (POPPC) model, which allows the effects of a subset of variables to vary across cutpoint equations by a common factor. We improve upon an earlier formulation of the POPPC model by offering an additional conceptual justification for the model and an estimation method that does not require the use of person-threshold data. We illustrate the POPPC model with two examples from the 2008 General Social Survey. PMID:23017706</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fullerton, Andrew S; Xu, Jun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-09-16</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">374</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21419533"> <span id="translatedtitle">Structure of the doublet bands in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei: The case of {sup 128}Cs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The structure of the {Delta}J=1 doublet bands in {sup 128}Cs is investigated within the framework of the interacting vector boson-fermion model. A new, purely collective interpretation of these bands is given on the basis of the used boson-fermion dynamical symmetry of the model. The energy levels of the doublet bands as well as the absolute B(E2) and B(M1) transition probabilities between the states of both yrast and yrare bands are described quite well. The observed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of both B(M1) and B(E2) values is reproduced by the introduction of an appropriate interaction term of quadrupole type, which produces such a staggering effect in the transition strengths. The calculations show that the appearance of doublet bands in certain <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei could be a consequence of the realization of a larger dynamical symmetry based on the noncompact supersymmetry group OSp(2{Omega}/12,R).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ganev, H. G. [Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia 1784 (Bulgaria); Brant, S. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb (Croatia)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">375</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhLB..719..362S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Charge radii of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A191-211Po isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Isotope shifts have been measured for the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A polonium isotopes 191-211Po and changes in the nuclear mean square charge radii ?<r2> have been deduced. The measurements were performed at CERN-ISOLDE using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. The combined analysis of these data and our recent results for even-A polonium isotopes indicates an onset of deformation already at 197,198Po, when going away from stability. This is significantly earlier than was suggested by previous theoretical and experimental studies of the polonium isotopes. Moreover and in contrast to the mercury isotopes, where a strong <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of the charge radii of the ground states was observed by approaching the neutron mid-shell at N=104, no such effect is present in polonium down to 191Po. Consequently the charge radii of both isomeric and ground states of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A polonium isotopes follow the same trend as the even-A isotopes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Seliverstov, M. D.; Cocolios, T. E.; Dexters, W.; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.; Barzakh, A. E.; Bastin, B.; Büscher, J.; Darby, I. G.; Fedorov, D. V.; Fedoseyev, V. N.; Flanagan, K. T.; Franchoo, S.; Fritzsche, S.; Huber, G.; Huyse, M.; Keupers, M.; Köster, U.; Kudryavtsev, Yu.; Marsh, B. A.; Molkanov, P. L.; Page, R. D.; Sjødin, A. M.; Stefan, I.; Van de Walle, J.; Van Duppen, P.; Venhart, M.; Zemlyanoy, S. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">376</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23913342"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related 2 is required for fin chondrogenesis in zebrafish.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related 2 (osr2) encodes a vertebrate ortholog of the Drosophila <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped zinc-finger transcription factor. Osr2 in mouse is required for proper palate, eyelid, and bone development. Zebrafish knock-down experiments have also suggested a role for osr2, along with its paralog osr1, in early pectoral fin specification and pronephric development. Results: We show here that osr2 has a specific function later in development, independent of osr1, in the regulation of sox9a expression and promoting fin chondrogenesis. mRNA in situ hybridization demonstrated osr2 expression in the developing floorplate and later during organogenesis in the pronephros and gut epithelium. In the pectoral fin buds, osr2 was specifically expressed in fin mesenchyme. osr2 knock down in zebrafish embryos disrupted both three and five zinc finger alternatively spliced osr2 isoforms and eliminated wild-type osr2 mRNA. osr2 morphants exhibited normal pectoral fin bud specification but exhibited defective fin chondrogenesis, with loss of differentiated chondrocytes. Defects in chondrogenesis were paralleled by loss of sox9a as well as subsequent col2a1 expression, linking osr2 function to essential regulators of chondrogenesis. Conclusions: The zebrafish <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related 2 gene regulates sox9a and col2a1 expression in chondrocyte development and is specifically required for zebrafish fin morphogenesis. Developmental Dynamics 242:1284-1292, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID:23913342</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lam, Pui-Ying; Kamei, Caramai N; Mangos, Steve; Mudumana, Sudha; Liu, Yan; Drummond, Iain A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-06</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">377</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23401181"> <span id="translatedtitle">Proportional-<span class="hlt">odds</span> models for repeated composite and long ordinal outcome?scales.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In many medical studies, researchers widely use composite or long ordinal scores, that is, scores that have a large number of categories and a natural ordering often resulting from the sum of a number of short ordinal scores, to assess function or quality of life. Typically, we analyse these using unjustified assumptions of normality for the outcome measure, which are unlikely to be even approximately true. Scores of this type are better analysed using methods reserved for more conventional (short) ordinal scores, such as the proportional-<span class="hlt">odds</span> model. We can avoid the need for a large number of cut-point parameters that define the divisions between the score categories for long ordinal scores in the proportional-<span class="hlt">odds</span> model by the inclusion of orthogonal polynomial contrasts. We introduce the repeated measures proportional-<span class="hlt">odds</span> logistic regression model and describe for long ordinal outcomes modifications to the generalized estimating equation methodology used for parameter estimation. We introduce data from a trial assessing two surgical interventions, briefly describe and re-analyse these using the new model and compare inferences from the new analysis with previously published results for the primary outcome measure (hip function at 12?months postoperatively). We use a simulation study to illustrate how this model also has more general application for conventional short ordinal scores, to select amongst competing models of varying complexity for the cut-point parameters. PMID:23401181</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Parsons, Nick R</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">378</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21389189"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shape phase transition in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even nuclei: From spherical to deformed gamma-unstable shapes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Shape phase transitions in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei are investigated within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The case of a single j=9/2 fermion coupled to an even-even boson core is considered. This boson core transits from spherical to gamma-unstable shapes depending on the value of a control parameter in the boson Hamiltonian. The effect of the coupling of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> particle to this core along the shape transition and, in particular, at the critical point is discussed. For that purpose, the ground-state energy surface in terms of the beta and gamma shape variables for the even core and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even energy surfaces for the different K states coming from j=9/2 are constructed. The evolution of each individual coupled state along the transition from the spherical [U(5)] to the gamma-unstable [O(6)] situation is investigated. One finds that the core-fermion coupling gives rise to a smoother transition than in the even-core case.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Boeyuekata, M. [Physics Department, Faculty of Science and Arts, University of Kirikkale, 71450 Kirikkale (Turkey); Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M. [Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Sevilla, Apartado 1065, ES-41080 Sevilla (Spain); Fortunato, L. [European Centre for Theoretical Studies in Nuclear Physics and Related Areas, Strada delle Tabarelle 286, I-38123 Villazzano (Italy); Vitturi, A. [Dipartimento di Fisica Galileo Galilei and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Via Marzolo 8, IT-35131 Padova (Italy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">379</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010JPhA...43h2001Q"> <span id="translatedtitle">FAST TRACK COMMUNICATION: Superintegrability of the Tremblay-Turbiner-Winternitz quantum Hamiltonians on a plane for <span class="hlt">odd</span> k</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a recent communication paper by Tremblay et al (2009 J. Phys. A: Math. Theor. 42 205206), it has been conjectured that for any integer value of k, some novel exactly solvable and integrable quantum Hamiltonian Hk on a plane is superintegrable and that the additional integral of motion is a 2kth-order differential operator Y2k. Here we demonstrate the conjecture for the infinite family of Hamiltonians Hk with <span class="hlt">odd</span> k >= 3, whose first member corresponds to the three-body Calogero-Marchioro-Wolfes model after elimination of the centre-of-mass motion. Our approach is based on the construction of some D2k-extended and invariant Hamiltonian {\\cal H}_k, which can be interpreted as a modified boson oscillator Hamiltonian. The latter is then <span class="hlt">shown</span> to possess a D2k-invariant integral of motion {\\cal Y}_{2k}, from which Y2k can be obtained by projection in the D2k identity representation space.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Quesne, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">380</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/18392078"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-even staggering in mercury isotope shifts: Evidence for Coriolis effects in particle-core coupling</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The observed variation with neutron number of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of the mercury i13\\/2-neutron isomeric nuclei lend support to the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-particle rotation-aligned coupling scheme. This scheme was previously found to account for the energies of the low-lying mercury states based on these i13\\/2 levels.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">H. H. Stroke; D. Proetel; H.-J. Kluge</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">381</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=adhd&pg=5&id=EJ859975"> <span id="translatedtitle">Inhibition, Reinforcement Sensitivity and Temporal Information Processing in ADHD and ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>: Evidence of a Separate Entity?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|This study compared children with ADHD-only, ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span> and normal controls (age 8-12) on three key neurocognitive functions: response inhibition, reinforcement sensitivity, and temporal information processing. The goal was twofold: (a) to investigate neurocognitive impairments in children with ADHD-only and children with ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and (b) to test…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Luman, Marjolein; van Noesel, Steffen J. P.; Papanikolau, Alky; Van Oostenbruggen-Scheffer, Janneke; Veugelers, Diane; Sergeant, Joseph A.; Oosterlaan, Jaap</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">382</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/37443722"> <span id="translatedtitle">Co-Occurring <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and GAD Symptom Groups: Source-Specific Syndromes and Cross-Informant Comorbidity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Despite important clinical and nosological implications, the comorbidity of oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has received little attention. A clinic-based sample of 243 boys (ages 6–10 years), their parents, and teachers participated in an evaluation that involved assessments of behavioral, academic, and family functioning. <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and GAD symptom groups were defined using various combinations of mother</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Deborah A. G. Drabick; Kenneth D. Gadow; Jan Loney</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">383</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=cognitive+AND+bias+AND+in+AND+analysis&id=EJ991622"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of Symptoms of ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and Cognitive Functioning on Social Acceptance and the Positive Illusory Bias in Children</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Objective: To examine the effects of symptoms of ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and cognitive functioning on social acceptance and positive bias in children. Method: The sample consisted of 86 children (49 girls) between 7 and 13 years old, recruited to reflect a wide range of ADHD symptoms. Parents and teachers reported on ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms and social…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scholtens, Sara; Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Tillman, Carin M.; Rydell, Ann-Margret</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">384</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%2270%22&pg=7&id=EJ789913"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Note on "Constant Latent <span class="hlt">Odds</span>-Ratios Models and the Mantel-Haenszel Null Hypothesis" Hessen, 2005</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a recent paper, Hessen ("Psychometrika" 70(3):497-516, 2005) introduces the class of constant latent <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios models as an extension of the Rasch model for which the sum score is still the sufficient statistic for ability. In this paper the relation between both the general and the general parametric constant latent <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios model and the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maris, Gunter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">385</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18375225"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nine out of 10 food advertisements <span class="hlt">shown</span> during Saturday morning children's television programming are for foods high in fat, sodium, or added sugars, or low in nutrients.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A 2005 review by the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies concluded that food marketing influences children's food preferences, consumption, and health. Given the powerful influence of marketing on children's diets, this cross-sectional study examined the types of foods, the nutritional quality of those foods, and the marketing techniques and messages used in food advertising during Saturday morning children's television programming. During 27.5 hours of programming in May 2005, 49% of advertisements <span class="hlt">shown</span> were for food (281 food advertisements out of 572 total advertisements). The most commonly advertised food categories were ready-to-eat breakfast cereal and cereal bars (27% of all food advertisements), restaurants (19% of food advertisements), and snack foods (18% of food advertisements). Ninety-one percent of food advertisements were for foods or beverages high in fat, sodium, or added sugars or were low in nutrients. Cartoon characters were used in 74% of food advertisements, and toy or other giveaways were used in 26% of food advertisements. About half of food advertisements contained health/nutrition or <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity messages and 86% of food advertisements contained emotional appeals. This study provides food and nutrition professionals with information about the amount and types of food children are encouraged to eat during Saturday morning television programming. The findings can help food and nutrition professionals counsel children about healthful eating and/or develop programs or policies to balance those advertisements with healthful eating messages. PMID:18375225</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Batada, Ameena; Seitz, Maia Dock; Wootan, Margo G; Story, Mary</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">386</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.teachengineering.org/view_subjectarea.php?url=collection/wpi_/subject_areas/wpi_physical_science/physical_science.xml"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Science</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> science is the science of matter and energy and their interactions and examines the <span class="hlt">physical</span> world around us. Using the methods of the <span class="hlt">physical</span> sciences, students learn about the composition, structure, properties, and reactions of matter and the relationships between matter and energy. Students are best able to build understanding of the <span class="hlt">physical</span> sciences through hands-on exploration of the <span class="hlt">physical</span> world.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">K-12 Outreach,</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">387</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://bethematch.org/For-Patients-and-Families/Life-after-transplant/Adjusting-to-life-after-transplant/Physical-health/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Health</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Volunteer Search Email this page Print this page <span class="hlt">Physical</span> health Tweet The <span class="hlt">physical</span> recovery after transplant is a slow process. Your ... strength. A combination of eating well and some <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity can help you feel better. Each person ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">388</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009EJPh...30S.101J"> <span id="translatedtitle">EDITORIAL: <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1. <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions: aims and realizations One aim of <span class="hlt">physics</span> competitions is to increase the interest of young students, primarily at upper secondary level, to <span class="hlt">physics</span> and natural sciences in general. A competition has motivational aspects known usually from sports events or games—comparing one's own ability with others, of course with the desire to be better and to win. If competitions reach nationwide and even international levels, additional stimulation is created. Competitions provide greatest attraction to possible winners, to the group of gifted people in a particular field. This implies that science contests are excellent tools for the promotion of talented students. Traditional teaching has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to have problems in supporting this group of students. Very often teachers are overstretched with the demands of teaching both low- and high-level students. Extracurricular activities are therefore a good chance to relieve the teacher, and to give talented students the opportunity for appropriate training and challenge. The competitions, however, have a broader impact and address more young people than one might guess from the statements above. Training courses and selection at school level give a larger group of students extra and, to some extent, complimentary education in <span class="hlt">physics</span>. The degree of complexity of the tasks corresponds very often to the standards of the next level of education in the school system. Interestingly, many <span class="hlt">physics</span> competitions have their origin in countries beyond the former Iron Curtain. They started as regional and national tournaments, were joined by neighbouring countries and have grown, in some cases, to events with participants from more than 80 countries. Although the features mentioned above are common to the different competitions, there are distinct differences between them [1]. The International <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Olympiad (IPhO) is the oldest international <span class="hlt">physics</span> competition for students at upper secondary level [2]. It dates back to 1967, when the first Olympiad was organized in Warsaw, Poland. Today this Olympiad is a worldwide enterprise, and in the 2008 competition in Hanoi, Vietnam, students from 82 countries took part. An overview of the problems and a summary of the results of this Olympiad are given in the first paper, prepared by the organizers of the competition [3]. The students work on four or five different problems, three theoretical ones on one day, and one or two experimental tasks on another. On each day, they have five hours to accomplish their tasks. The problems are prepared by the local organizer, usually a team of physicists from universities in the home country. The level is set by an international syllabus, and the content and wording of the problems have to be agreed by a majority of the supervisors (one from each participating country) in an initial meeting. Afterwards the tasks are translated into the various languages of the competitors; the students also write their results in their own language. The number of awards (gold, silver and bronze, as well as honorable mentions) varies from competition to competition, since it depends on the number of participants. A team consists of at most five students, but they do not act as a team—they work independantly. The selection process in individual countries varies, but is usually executed in several steps, starting from school competitions and going on to regional and national ones. Training courses are often organized on the same levels. Big differences can be seen in training courses at the highest level, the duration ranging from one week to several months. The International Young Physicists Tournament (IYPT) is completely different in spirit [4]. Whereas the students work individually in the Olympiad, IYPT is a competition between teams. In addition, the 17 tasks are known almost a year in advance. The problems are very open, allow for different approaches and include experimental as well as theoretical work. The students are allowed to use any method they like, are coached by teachers, and are encouraged</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jordens, H.; Mathelitsch, L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">389</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006PhRvC..73b4316T"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematics of isomeric configurations in N=77 <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z isotones near the proton drip line</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The systematics of the ?h11/2??h11/2 and ?h11/2??s1/2 isomeric configurations was studied for the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z N=77 isotones near the proton drip line. The isomeric decays in 140Eu, 142Tb, 144Ho, and 146Tm were measured by means of x-ray, ?-ray, and charged particle spectroscopy at the Recoil Mass Spectrometer at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (ORNL). The spin and parity of I?=8+ and 5- were deduced for the isomers in 140Eu and 142Tb. New decay schemes were established, and the half-lives of the 8+ isomers were measured to be 302(4) ns for 140m2Eu and 25(1) ?s for 142m2Tb. No evidence for the expected 1+ ground-state was found in the 144Ho decay data. The proton-emission from 146Tm was restudied. Five proton transitions were assigned to two proton-emitting states. The half-lives of 198(3) ms and 68(3) ms and the spin and parity values of I?=10+ and 5- were established for 146mTm and 146gsTm, respectively. For the first time for an <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus, the interpretation of the observed decay properties and structure of the proton-emitting states was made by accounting for deformation and proton and neutron coupling to the core excitations. A complex wave-function structure was obtained, with dominating components of ?h11/2??h11/2 for the 10+ isomer and ?h11/2??s1/2 for the 5- ground state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tantawy, M. N.; Bingham, C. R.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Batchelder, J. C.; Królas, W.; Danchev, M.; Fong, D.; Ginter, T. N.; Gross, C. J.; Grzywacz, R.; Hagino, K.; Hamilton, J. H.; Hartley, D. J.; Karny, M.; Li, K.; Mazzocchi, C.; Piechaczek, A.; Ramayya, A. V.; Rykaczewski, K.; Shapira, D.; Stolz, A.; Winger, J. A.; Yu, C.-H.; Zganjar, E. F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">390</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005JPhG...31.1303L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shape trends and triaxiality in neutron-rich <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass Y and Nb isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">New level schemes of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z 99,101Y (Z = 39) and 101,105Nb (Z = 41) are established based on the measurement of prompt gamma rays from the fission of 252Cf at Gammasphere. Bands of ?5/2+[422], ?5/2-[303] and ?3/2-[301] are observed and extended to provide spectroscopic information concerning nuclear shapes in this important <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z region. In combination with the level structure of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z Tc (Z = 43), Rh (Z = 45) and the neighbouring even-Z isotopes the level systematics, signature splittings and kinematic and dynamic moments of inertia of the bands in the Y and Nb isotopes are discussed in terms of shape transition and triaxiality. The pronounced difference observed in the signature splittings between Y and Tc, Rh isotopes is interpreted as evidence of the axially symmetric deformed shape in the Y isotopes, and, as previously reported, large and near maximum triaxiality in Tc-Rh isotopes. The likely lowering of crossing frequencies of the ground-state bands in Tc and Rh isotones in comparison with those in Y isotones also implies a shape transition from axially symmetric deformed shapes in Y nuclei to triaxiality in Tc and Rh isotones. Triaxial-rotor-plus-particle model calculations strongly support a pure axially symmetric shape with large quadrupole deformation in Y isotopes. The model calculations yielded ? values ranging from -19° to -13° for the 5/2+[422] ground-state bands of 101,103,105Nb and of -5° for the two negative-parity bands in 101Nb. The fact that Nb isotopes have intermediate values of signature splitting and band crossing frequencies between those of Y and Tc, Rh isotopes is interpreted as that the Nb isotopes are transitional nuclei with regard to triaxial deformation. A correlation of quadrupole deformations and of triaxiality is seen in the neutron-rich nuclei with Z = 39-45.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Luo, Y. X.; Rasmussen, J. O.; Stefanescu, I.; Gelberg, A.; Hamilton, J. H.; Ramayya, A. V.; Hwang, J. K.; Zhu, S. J.; Gore, P. M.; Fong, D.; Jones, E. F.; Wu, S. C.; Lee, I. Y.; Ginter, T. N.; Ma, W. C.; Ter-Akopian, G. M.; Daniel, A. V.; Stoyer, M. A.; Donangelo, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">391</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3384358"> <span id="translatedtitle">On protected estimation of an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio model with missing binary exposure and confounders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We describe an estimator of the parameter indexing a model for the conditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio between a binary exposure and a binary outcome given a high-dimensional vector of confounders, when the exposure and a subset of the confounders are missing, not necessarily simultaneously, in a subsample. We argue that a recently proposed estimator restricted to complete-cases confers more protection to model misspecification than existing ones in the sense that the set of data laws under which it is consistent strictly contains each set of data laws under which each of the previous estimators are consistent.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tchetgen Tchetgen, E. J.; Rotnitzky, A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">392</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/9478"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parallel FE Approximation of the Even/<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Parity Form of the Linear Boltzmann Equation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel solution method has been developed to solve the linear Boltzmann equation on an unstructured triangular mesh. Instead of tackling the first-order form of the equation, this approach is based on the even/<span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity form in conjunction with the conventional mdtigroup discrete-ordinates approximation. The finite element method is used to treat the spatial dependence. The solution method is unique in that the space-direction dependence is solved simultaneously, eliminating the need for the conventional inner iterations, and the method is well suited for massively parallel computers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drumm, Clifton R.; Lorenz, Jens</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-07-21</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">393</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1988NuPhA.481..245E"> <span id="translatedtitle">An isospin invariant form of the interacting boson model for <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei (IBFM-3)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The interacting boson-fermion model IBFM for <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei is extended to incorporate isospin symmetry in nuclei where valence neutrons and protons occupy the same orbits. A mapping is established with shell-model states. A boson-fermion hamiltonian is derived for the special case of charge-independent pairing forces and is found to reproduce the shell-model energies exactly. A comparison of the extension (IBFM-3) with the earlier version IBFM-2 shows that the latter omits some low-lying shell-model states.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Elliott, J. P.; Evans, J. A.; van Isacker, P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">394</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5401341"> <span id="translatedtitle">Study of transitional doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> /sup 186/Ir and /sup 184/Ir</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The transitional doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> iridium nuclei with A = 184 and 186 have been studied from the ..beta../sup +//EC decay of the corresponding platinum isotopes using the on-line mass separator ISOCELE. Configurations can be reasonably Attributed to the low-lying states of /sup 184/Ir in agreement with results already known. On the other hand an E3 transition observed in /sup 186/Ir suggests that the known long-lived 1.7h 2/sup -/ state is located at 137.5 keV above the 16h 5/sup +/ state, raising questions about structure of this latter state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ben Braham, A.; Bourgeois, C.; Kilcher, P.; Oms, J.; Roussiere, B.; Sauvage, J.; Porquet, M.G.; Kreiner, A.J.; ISOCELE Collaboration</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-12-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">395</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52894335"> <span id="translatedtitle">beta-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A 57Ti and 59V</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The beta-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A, neutron-rich 57Ti and 59V are studied. More precise beta-decay half-lives of 98±5 and 97±2 ms are deduced for 57Ti and 59V, respectively. In addition, beta-delayed gamma-ray spectroscopy is used to deduce beta-decay branching ratios and establish the low-energy-level structures of the daughter nuclides. The new data for levels in 57V and 59Cr are compared with the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">S. N. Liddick; P. F. Mantica; R. Broda; B. A. Brown; M. P. Carpenter; A. D. Davies; B. Fornal; M. Horoi; R. V. Janssens; A. C. Morton; W. F. Mueller; J. Pavan; H. Schatz; A. Stolz; S. L. Tabor; B. E. Tomlin; M. Wiedeking</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">396</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20774460"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of the CP <span class="hlt">odd</span> dipole operators on gluino production at hadron colliders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present the cross sections for the hadroproduction of gluinos by taking into account the CP <span class="hlt">odd</span> dipole operators in supersymmetric QCD. The dependence of the cross sections on these operators is analyzed for the hadron colliders the Tevatron ({radical}(S)=1.8 TeV) and the CERN LHC ({radical}(S)=14 TeV). The enhancement of the hadronic cross section is obviously mass dependent and for a 500 GeV gluino is up to 16% (over 73 pb) at the LHC while it is 8% (over 0.63 fb) at the Tevatron.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alan, A.T. [Department of Physics, Abant Izzet Baysal University, 14280, Bolu (Turkey)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">397</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1993SPIE.1845..333K"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-even effects and dipole-dipole correlations in the PCH homologous series</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Static electric permittivities of the homologous series of p-cyano-p'- alkylphenylcyclohexanes (PCH) have been measured as a function of temperature in isotropic and nematic phases. The mean square effective dipole moment components along the principal directions of a liquid crystal have been determined. The Kirkwood correlation factors g(i), obtained from Maier and Meier equations, exhibit the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even alteration within the studied series. The g-factors values have been interpreted in terms of an anti-parallel association.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kedziora, Przemyslaw; Jadzyn, Jan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">398</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21386540"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lifetimes of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-spin yrast states in {sup 182}Hg</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lifetimes of excited states in {sup 182}Hg were extracted from recoil-gated {gamma}-ray spectra and recoil-gated {gamma}{gamma}-coincidence matrices using the recoil distance Doppler-shift method. States were populated using the {sup 96}Mo({sup 88}Sr,2n){sup 182}Hg fusion-evaporation reaction. Measured lifetimes allowed transition probabilities, transition quadrupole moments, quadrupole deformation parameters, and transition dipole moments to be deduced for the band formed by the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-spin yrast states. The experimental results confirm the low degree of octupole collectivity in this mass region.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scheck, M.; Grahn, T.; Petts, A.; Butler, P. A.; Gaffney, L. P.; Page, R. D.; Pakarinen, J.; Paul, E. S. [Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Dewald, A.; Jolie, J.; Melon, B.; Pissulla, Th. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Hornillos, M. B. Gomez [STFC, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom); Goergen, A.; Ljungvall, J. [CEA-SACLAY, DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Greenlees, P. T.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">399</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000PhRvC..61f4322H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Coupling modes in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei: The case of 172Ta</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 172Ta were investigated in two different experiments by means of in-beam ?-ray and internal-conversion electron spectroscopy techniques. Excited states of 172Ta were populated using the 159Tb(18O,5n) and 165Ho(12C,5n) reactions at beam energies of 93 and 79 MeV, respectively. Eleven rotational bands, including twin bands in the normal deformation regime, have been observed and their configurations discussed. Three isomeric states have been found and their half-lives measured. Alignments, band crossing frequencies, and electromagnetic properties have been analyzed in the framework of the cranking model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hojman, D.; Cardona, M. A.; Davidson, M.; Debray, M. E.; Kreiner, A. J.; Le Blanc, F.; Burlon, A.; Davidson, J.; Levinton, G.; Somacal, H.; Kesque, J. M.; Naab, F.; Ozafrán, M.; Stoliar, P.; Vázquez, M.; Napoli, D. R.; Bazzacco, D.; Blasi, N.; Lenzi, S. M.; Lo Bianco, G.; Rossi Alvarez, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">400</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005EPJA...26..233H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Energy systematics of low-lying Nilsson levels in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass einsteinium isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass mendelevium isotopes ( A = 247-255) has been studied by means of ?-? spectroscopy. Strong evidence for a small ? branch in the decay of 253Md was found. ? lines in coincidence with ?-decays of 247, 249, 251, 253Md have been observed for the first time. Levels in the einsteinium daughter nuclei were assigned on the basis of ?-? coincidence measurements. An energy systematics of the 7/2-[514] Nilsson level could be established, showing a correlation with the deformation parameter ?2 of the corresponding nuclei. The results are compared with theoretical predictions</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Heßberger, F. P.; Antalic, S.; Streicher, B.; Hofmann, S.; Ackermann, D.; Kindler, B.; Kojouharov, I.; Kuusiniemi, P.; Leino, M.; Lommel, B.; Mann, R.; Nishio, K.; Saro, S.; Sulignano, B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' 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onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">401</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22069200"> <span id="translatedtitle">Energy levels of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even nuclei using broken pair model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method to calculate energy levels and wave functions of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even nuclei, in the frame work of the broken pair model have been developed. The accuracy of the model has been tested by comparing the shell model results of limiting cases in which the broken pair model exactly coincides with the shell model, where there are two-proton/neutron + one-neutron/proton in the valence levels. The model is then applied to calculate the energy levels of some nuclei in the Zirconium region. The model results compare reasonably well with the shell model as well as with the experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hamammu, I. M.; Haq, S.; Eldahomi, J. M. [Department of Physics, Faculty of Science Benghazi University, P. O. Box 9480 Benghazi (Libya)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-09-06</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">402</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=video+AND+games+AND+in+AND+the+AND+classroom&pg=5&id=EJ891964"> <span id="translatedtitle">An Inquiry-Based Course Using "<span class="hlt">Physics</span>?" in Cartoons and Movies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|Books, cartoons, movies, and video games provide engaging opportunities to get both science and nonscience students excited about <span class="hlt">physics</span>. An easy way to use these media in one's classroom is to have students view clips and identify unusual events, <span class="hlt">odd</span> <span class="hlt">physics</span>, or list things that violate our understanding of the <span class="hlt">physics</span> that governs our…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rogers, Michael</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">403</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ithaca.edu/hs/depts/physics/facstaff/mrogers/docs/Publications/2006TPTcartoons.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">An Inquiry-based Course Using ``<span class="hlt">Physics</span>?'' in Cartoons and Movies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Books, cartoons, movies, and video games provide engaging opportunities to get both science and nonscience students excited about <span class="hlt">physics</span>. An easy way to use these media in one's classroom is to have students view clips and identify unusual events, <span class="hlt">odd</span> <span class="hlt">physics</span>, or list things that violate our understanding of the <span class="hlt">physics</span> that governs our universe.1,2 These activities provide a lesson</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michael Rogers</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">404</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://johanw.home.xs4all.nl/contents.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Formulary</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Provided by physicist Johan Wevers and written at the undergraduate to postgraduate level, the <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Formulary provides 108 pages of <span class="hlt">physics</span> formulas. According to the authors, the Formulary âÂÂis intended to be a short reference for anyone who works with <span class="hlt">physics</span> and often needs to look up equations.â The Formulary is available in a number of formats, including Adobe PDF, and presents formulas relating all major areas of <span class="hlt">physics</span> including mechanics, electricity & magnetism, relativity, oscillations, waves, optics, statistical <span class="hlt">physics</span>, thermodynamics, transport phenomena, quantum <span class="hlt">physics</span>, plasma <span class="hlt">physics</span>, solid state <span class="hlt">physics</span>, theory of groups, nuclear <span class="hlt">physics</span>, quantum field theory & particle <span class="hlt">physics</span>, and astrophysics. This is a great resource for students and teachers of both introductory and advanced <span class="hlt">physics</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wevers, Johan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-04-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">405</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/60515078"> <span id="translatedtitle">The energy level structures of even-even tellurium and <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> iodine and antimony nuclei: [sup 114]Te, [sup 116]Te, [sup 114]I, and [sup 114]Sb</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nuclear structure studies were performed on the even-even nuclides [sup 114,116]Te following the [beta][sup +]\\/EC decay of [sup 114,116]I, respectively, to investigate the possible role of particle-hole intruder structures previously observed in other even-even nuclei near the = 50 shell. Studies were also carried out for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> [sup 114m]I and the [beta][sup +]\\/EC decay of [sup 114]Te, respectively, to characterize</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">406</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials/medicaldevices/medicaldevicesadvisorycommittee/circulatorysystemdevicespanel/ucm308356.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Edwards Advisory Committee Slides <span class="hlt">Shown</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://google2.fda.gov/search?client=FDAgov&site=FDAgov&lr=&proxystylesheet=FDAgov&output=xml_no_dtd&&proxycustom=%3CADVANCED/%3E">Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Text Version... SO-13 ? Design features ensure emboli deflection without interfering ... Mechanism Deflection Type of Device Porous, polyurethane membrane ... More results from www.fda.gov/downloads/advisorycommittees/committeesmeetingmaterials</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">407</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005APS..DMP.F1001P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Simulated Effects of <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Alkane Impurities in a Hexane Monolayer on Graphite</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present the results of molecular dynamics (MD) simulations of <span class="hlt">odd</span> alkane impurities present within the hexane (even alkane) monolayer. We simulate a series of temperatures at 3%, 5%, 10%, and 15% impurities of propane (C3H8), pentane (C5H12), heptane (C7H16), nonane (C9H20), and undecane (C11H24) to study both the changes in the monolayer structure and the phase transitions when <span class="hlt">odd</span> alkanes, whose low-temperature solid structure has been experimentally observed to be much different than that of hexane, occupy space within the hexane monolayer in the low-temperature herringbone (HB) phase. We find that the most significant changes in the melting transition are imposed by impurities whose chain lengths are much different than that of hexane, and the impurities whose chain lengths most closely resemble hexane still give a melting temperature that is within 10K of the pure hexane monolayer melting temperature at high impurity composition. However, due to ``lattice misfits,'' we find that the transition into the intermediate phase exhibits drastic changes as compared to the pure hexane monolayer with the exception of pentane impurities, whose optimal impurity chain length allows the monolayer to exhibit a commensurate phase that is similar to the hexane monolayer, even with a high impurity composition.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pint, Cary L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">408</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21207869"> <span id="translatedtitle">Large <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering in the very light platinum isotopes from laser spectroscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Laser spectroscopy measurements have been carried out on very neutron-deficient platinum isotopes with the COMPLIS experimental set-up on line with the ISOLDE-Booster facility. For the first time, Hg {alpha}-decay was exploited to extend the very light platinum chain. Using the 5d{sup 9}6s {sup 3}D{sub 3}{yields}5d{sup 9}6p {sup 3}P{sub 2} optical transition, hyperfine spectra of {sup 182,181,180,179,178}Pt and {sup 183}Pt{sup m} were recorded for the first time. The variation of the mean square charge radius between these nuclei, the magnetic moments of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes and the quadrupole moment of {sup 183}Pt{sup m} were thus measured. A large deformation change between {sup 183}Pt{sup g} and {sup 183}Pt{sup m}, an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of the charge radius and a deformation drop from A=179 are clearly observed. All these results are discussed and compared with microscopic theoretical predictions using Hartree-Fock-Bogolyubov calculations using the Gogny force.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Le Blanc, F.; Obert, J.; Oms, J.; Putaux, J. C.; Roussiere, B.; Sauvage, J. [Institut de Physique Nucleaire, IN2P3-CNRS, 91406 Orsay Cedex (France); Pinard, J.; Cabaret, L.; Duong, H. T. [Laboratoire Aime Cotton, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Crawford, J. E.; Lee, J. K. P. [Foster Radiation Laboratory, Mc Gill University, H3A2T8 Montreal (Canada); Genevey, J. [Institut des Sciences Nuceaires, IN2P3-CNRS, 38026 Grenoble Cedex (France); Girod, M.; Peru, S. [C.E.A, Service de Physique Nucleaire, BP 12, 91680 Bruyeres-le-Chatel (France); Huber, G.; Krieg, M.; Sebastian, V. [Institut fuer Physik der Universitaet Mainz, 55099 Mainz (Germany); Lettry, J. [CERN, 1211 Geneve 23 (Switzerland); Lunney, D. [C.S.N.S.M., IN2P3-CNRS, 91405 Orsay Cedex (France); Zemlyanoi, S. [Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reaction, JINR, Dubna 141980, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-12-21</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">409</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3283699"> <span id="translatedtitle">Presenting the Uncertainties of <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios Using Empirical-Bayes Prediction Intervals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Quantifying exposure-disease associations is a central issue in epidemiology. Researchers of a study often present an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (or a logarithm of <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio, logOR) estimate together with its confidence interval (CI), for each exposure they examined. Here the authors advocate using the empirical-Bayes-based ‘prediction intervals’ (PIs) to bound the uncertainty of logORs. The PI approach is applicable to a panel of factors believed to be exchangeable (no extra information, other than the data itself, is available to distinguish some logORs from the others). The authors demonstrate its use in a genetic epidemiological study on age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The proposed PIs can enjoy straightforward probabilistic interpretations—a 95% PI has a probability of 0.95 to encompass the true value, and the expected number of true values that are being encompassed is for a total of 95% PIs. The PI approach is theoretically more efficient (producing shorter intervals) than the traditional CI approach. In the AMD data, the average efficiency gain is 51.2%. The PI approach is advocated to present the uncertainties of many logORs in a study, for its straightforward probabilistic interpretations and higher efficiency while maintaining the nominal coverage probability.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lin, Wan-Yu; Lee, Wen-Chung</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">410</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3399983"> <span id="translatedtitle">Misuse of <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios in Obesity Literature: An Empirical Analysis of Published Studies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> ratios (ORs) are widely used in scientific research to demonstrate associations between outcome variables and covariates (risk factors) of interest and are often described in language suitable for risks or probabilities, but <span class="hlt">odds</span> and probabilities are related, not equivalent. In situations where the outcome is not rare (e.g., obesity), ORs no longer approximate the relative risk ratio and may be misinterpreted. Our study examines the extent of misinterpretation of ORs in Obesity and International Journal of Obesity. We reviewed all 2010 issues of these journals to identify all articles that presented ORs. Included articles were then primarily reviewed for correct presentation and interpretation of ORs; and secondarily reviewed for article characteristics that may have been associated with how ORs are presented and interpreted. Of the 855 articles examined, 62 (7.3%) presented ORs. ORs were presented incorrectly in 23.2% of these articles. Clinical articles were more likely to present ORs correctly than social science or basic science articles. Studies with outcome variables that had higher relative prevalence were less likely to present ORs correctly. Overall, almost a quarter of the studies presenting ORs in two leading journals on obesity misinterpreted them. Furthermore, even when researchers present ORs correctly, the lay media may misinterpret them as relative risk ratios. Therefore, we suggest that when the magnitude of associations is of interest, researchers should carefully and accurately present interpretable measures of association -- including risk ratios and risk differences -- to minimize confusion and misrepresentation of research results.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tajeu, Gabriel; Sen, Bisakha; Allison, David B.; Menachemi, Nir</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">411</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22323516"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identification of activated cryptic 5' splice sites using structure profiles and <span class="hlt">odds</span> measure.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The activation of cryptic 5' splice sites (5' SSs) is often related to human hereditary diseases. The DNA-based mutation screening strategies are commonly used to recognize the cryptic 5' SSs, because features of the local DNA sequence can influence the choice of cryptic 5' SSs. To improve the identification of the cryptic 5' SSs, we developed a structure-based method, named SPO (structure profiles and <span class="hlt">odds</span> measure), which combines two parameters, the structural feature derived from hydroxyl radical cleavage pattern and <span class="hlt">odds</span> measure, to assess the likelihood of a cryptic 5' SS activation in competing with its paired authentic 5' SS. Compared to the current tools for identifying activated cryptic 5' SSs, the SPO algorithm achieves higher prediction accuracy than the other methods, including MaxEnt, MDD, Markov model, weight matrix model, Shapiro and Senapathy matrix, R(i) and ?G. In addition, the predicted ?SPO scores from the SPO algorithm exhibited a greater degree of correlation with the strength of cryptic 5' SS activation than that measured from the other seven methods. In conclusion, the SPO algorithm provides an optimal identification of cryptic 5' SSs, can be applied in designing mutagenesis experiments for various splicing events and may be helpful to investigate the relationship between structural variants and human hereditary diseases. PMID:22323516</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tsai, Kun-Nan; Wang, Daryi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-02-09</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">412</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007MaCom..76.2241H"> <span id="translatedtitle">New techniques for bounds on the total number of prime factors of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Let sigma(n) denote the sum of the positive divisors of n . We say that n is perfect if sigma(n) = 2 n . Currently there are no known <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect numbers. It is known that if an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number exists, then it must be of the form N = p^alpha prod_{jD1}^k q_j^{2 beta_j} , where p, q_1, \\cdots, q_k are distinct primes and p equiv alphaequiv 1 pmod{4} . Define the total number of prime factors of N as Omega(N) :D alpha + 2 sum_{jD1}^k beta_j . Sayers showed that Omega(N) geq 29 . This was later extended by Iannucci and Sorli to show that Omega(N) geq 37 . This was extended by the author to show that Omega(N) geq 47 . Using an idea of Carl Pomerance this paper extends these results. The current new bound is Omega(N) geq 75 .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hare, Kevin G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">413</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005MaCom..74.1003H"> <span id="translatedtitle">More on the total number of prime factors of an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Let $\\sigma(n)$ denote the sum of the positive divisors of $n$. We say that $n$ is perfect if $\\sigma(n) = 2 n$. Currently there are no known <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect numbers. It is known that if an <span class="hlt">odd</span> perfect number exists, then it must be of the form $N = p^\\alpha \\prod_{j=1}^k q_j^{2 \\beta_j}$, where $p, q_1, ..., q_k$ are distinct primes and $p \\equiv \\alpha\\equiv 1 \\pmod{4}$. Define the total number of prime factors of $N$ as $\\Omega(N) := \\alpha + 2 \\sum_{j=1}^k \\beta_j$. Sayers showed that $\\Omega(N) \\geq 29$. This was later extended by Iannucci and Sorli to show that $\\Omega(N) \\geq 37$. This was extended by the author to show that $\\Omega(N) \\geq 47$. Using an idea of Carl Pomerance this paper extends these results. The current new bound is $\\Omega(N) \\geq 75$.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hare, Kevin G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">414</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22436842"> <span id="translatedtitle">Misuse of <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios in obesity literature: an empirical analysis of published studies.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> ratios (ORs) are widely used in scientific research to demonstrate the associations between outcome variables and covariates (risk factors) of interest, and are often described in language suitable for risks or probabilities, but <span class="hlt">odds</span> and probabilities are related, not equivalent. In situations where the outcome is not rare (e.g., obesity), ORs no longer approximate the relative risk ratio (RR) and may be misinterpreted. Our study examines the extent of misinterpretation of ORs in Obesity and International Journal of Obesity. We reviewed all 2010 issues of these journals to identify all articles that presented ORs. Included articles were then primarily reviewed for correct presentation and interpretation of ORs; and secondarily reviewed for article characteristics that may have been associated with how ORs are presented and interpreted. Of the 855 articles examined, 62 (7.3%) presented ORs. ORs were presented incorrectly in 23.2% of these articles. Clinical articles were more likely to present ORs correctly than social science or basic science articles. Studies with outcome variables that had higher relative prevalence were less likely to present ORs correctly. Overall, almost one-quarter of the studies presenting ORs in two leading journals on obesity misinterpreted them. Furthermore, even when researchers present ORs correctly, the lay media may misinterpret them as relative RRs. Therefore, we suggest that when the magnitude of associations is of interest, researchers should carefully and accurately present interpretable measures of association--including RRs and risk differences--to minimize confusion and misrepresentation of research results. PMID:22436842</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tajeu, Gabriel S; Sen, Bisakha; Allison, David B; Menachemi, Nir</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-03-22</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">415</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008fpnr.conf..679R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neutron Single Particle States and Isomers in <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Mass Nickel Isotopes Near 78NI</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A decay spectroscopy experiment was performed at the National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory (NSCL) at Michigan State University (MSU) to measure the lowenergy excited states in 71-75Ni populated via the ?-decay of 71-75Co. Data collected from this experiment provided enough statistics to establish ?-? coincidence relations leading to partial level schemes for 71Ni and 73Ni. The main goal of this experiment was to investigate the changes in excitation energy of the 5/2- state relative to 9/2+ ground state as well as search for the 1/2- isomeric state in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nickel isotopes approaching 78Ni. Systematics in shell model calculations using realistic interactions for <span class="hlt">odd</span> mass 69-77Ni reveal a steady increase in energy spacing between the 1/2- level and 9/2+ ground state but an almost constant energy separation between the 5/2- and 1/2- excited states. In this experiment the positions of the 5/2- states in 71Ni and 73Ni have tentatively been established.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rajabali, M. M.; Grzywacz, R.; Liddick, S. N.; Bingham, C. R.; Darby, I. G.; Mazzocchi, C.; Rykaczewski, K. P.; Batchelder, J. C.; Baumann, T.; Ginter, T. N.; Mantica, P. F.; Weisshaar, D.; Karny, M.; Miernik, K.; Pfutzner, M.; Ilyushkin, S. V.; Winger, J. A.; Królas, W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">416</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001AIPC..596..232F"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electric field distribution in nuclei produced by the P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclear schiff moment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parity and time invariance violating (P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>) nuclear forces produce P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclear moments. In turn, these moments can induce electric dipole moments (EDMs) in atoms through the mixing of electron wave functions of opposite parity. The nuclear EDM is screened by atomic electrons. The EDM of an atom with closed electron subshells is induced by the nuclear Schiff moment. Previously the interaction with the Schiff moment has been defined for a point-like nucleus. No problems arise with the calculation of the electron matrix element of this interaction as long as the electrons are considered to be non-relativistic. However, a more realistic model obviously involves a nucleus of finite-size and relativistic electrons. In this work we have calculated the finite nuclear-size and relativistic corrections to the Schiff moment. The relativistic corrections originate from the electron wavefunctions and are incorporated into a new ``nuclear'' moment, which we term the local dipole moment. For 199Hg these corrections amount to ~20%. We have found that the natural generalization of the electrostatic potential of the Schiff moment for a finite-size nucleus corresponds to an electric field distribution which, inside the nucleus, is well approximated as constant and directed along the nuclear spin, and outside the nucleus is zero. .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flambaum, V. V.; Ginges, J. S. M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">417</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3378896"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identification of activated cryptic 5? splice sites using structure profiles and <span class="hlt">odds</span> measure</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The activation of cryptic 5? splice sites (5? SSs) is often related to human hereditary diseases. The DNA-based mutation screening strategies are commonly used to recognize the cryptic 5? SSs, because features of the local DNA sequence can influence the choice of cryptic 5? SSs. To improve the identification of the cryptic 5? SSs, we developed a structure-based method, named SPO (structure profiles and <span class="hlt">odds</span> measure), which combines two parameters, the structural feature derived from hydroxyl radical cleavage pattern and <span class="hlt">odds</span> measure, to assess the likelihood of a cryptic 5? SS activation in competing with its paired authentic 5? SS. Compared to the current tools for identifying activated cryptic 5? SSs, the SPO algorithm achieves higher prediction accuracy than the other methods, including MaxEnt, MDD, Markov model, weight matrix model, Shapiro and Senapathy matrix, Ri and ?G. In addition, the predicted ?SPO scores from the SPO algorithm exhibited a greater degree of correlation with the strength of cryptic 5? SS activation than that measured from the other seven methods. In conclusion, the SPO algorithm provides an optimal identification of cryptic 5? SSs, can be applied in designing mutagenesis experiments for various splicing events and may be helpful to investigate the relationship between structural variants and human hereditary diseases.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tsai, Kun-Nan; Wang, Daryi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">418</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7065792"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relationship of peroxyacetyl nitrate to active and total <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen at northern high latitudes - influence of reservoir species on NO(x) and O3</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The partitioning of relative nitrogen in the Arctic and the sub-Arctic troposphere based on measurements conducted during the 1988 Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition (ABLE 3A) is described. The first set of comprehensive <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen and O3 measurements from the Arctic/sub-Arctic free troposphere shows that a highly aged air mass that has persisted under very cold conditions is present. A large fraction of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen appears to be present in the form of reservoir species such as PAN. Significant quantities of as yet unknown reactive nitrogen species, such as complex alkyl nitrates and pernitrates, are expected to be present. Together with PAN, these nitrate and pernitrate reservoir species could control the entire NO(x) availability of the high-latitude troposphere and in turn influence the O3 photochemistry of the region. The role of PAN in influencing the O3 reservoir is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be important and may be responsible for the increasing O3 temporal trend observed at high latitudes. 32 refs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Singh, H.B.; Herlth, D.; O'hara, D.; Zahnle, K.; Bradshaw, J.D.; Sandholm, S.T.; Talbot, R.; Crutzen, P.J.; Kanakidou, M.A. (NASA, Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA (United States) San Jose State Univ. Foundation, Moffett Field, CA (United States) Georgia Inst. of Technology, Atlanta (United States) New Hampshire Univ., Durham (United States) Max-Planck-Inst. fuer Chemie, Mainz (Germany))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ia.usu.edu/viewproject.php?project=ia:7284"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Education</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> education is important to children and their developing bodies, both <span class="hlt">physical</span> and mental. All children should get up off the couch and do some type of <span class="hlt">physical</span> education. Students will understand and apply the health-enhancing benefits of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity and proper nutrition. Being healthy in <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity and eating the right foods boost your ability to have fun and feel good about yourself. The President\\'s Council on <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Fitness and Sports program is a great way to kids to get started at getting <span class="hlt">physically</span> fit. They have listed their top 10 tips ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cherry, Mr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-10-06</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.aps.org/publications/apsnews/features/limericks/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Limericks</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">On a light note, the American <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society (APS) maintains this Website, dedicated entirely to <span class="hlt">physics</span> limericks. At APS site, visitors can access an archive of all submitted limericks and a more specific list of the winning limericks of APS's First <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Limerick Contest. Besides showing that <span class="hlt">physics</span> is fun, most of the <span class="hlt">physics</span> limericks are focused on a specific concept and would work well in undergraduate <span class="hlt">physics</span> courses. If users are feeling creative, they may also submit <span class="hlt">physics</span> limericks through an online form.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a 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class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a onClick='return 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title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=DE85701016"> <span id="translatedtitle">Description of Elambda - Transitions Taking into Account of Phonon Components in Wave Functions of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Deformed Nuclei.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An expression of reduced probability of electrical transitions in deformed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei is obtained within the quasiparticle-phonon model. The commutation relations between quasiparticle and phonon operators, taking into account the quasiparticle structur...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">S. I. Bastrukov V. O. Nesterenko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3217522"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Weighted Logistic Regression Analysis for Predicting the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Head/Face and Neck Injuries During Rollover Crashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A weighted logistic regression with careful selection of crash, vehicle, occupant and injury data and sequentially adjusting the covariants, was used to investigate the predictors of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of head/face and neck (HFN) injuries during rollovers. The results show that unbelted occupants have statistically significant higher HFN injury risks than belted occupants. Age, number of quarter-turns, rollover initiation type, maximum lateral deformation adjacent to the occupant, A-pillar and B-pillar deformation are significant predictors of HFN injury <span class="hlt">odds</span> for belted occupants. Age, rollover leading side and windshield header deformation are significant predictors of HFN injury <span class="hlt">odds</span> for unbelted occupants. The results also show that the significant predictors are different between head/face (HF) and neck injury <span class="hlt">odds</span>, indicating the injury mechanisms of HF and neck injuries are different.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hu, Jingwen; Chou, Clifford C.; Yang, King H.; King, Albert I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007AGUFMSA34A..06H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Solar Induced Variations of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nitrogen and Ozone in the Stratosphere and Lower Mesosphere: Analysis of UARS HALOE Data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Several sensitivity studies using 3D chemistry climate models have suggested that solar-induced changes in <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen are important for solar cycle ozone variations. This is possible since <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen is the leading source of ozone catalytic losses at most altitudes in the stratosphere. Here, we investigate solar-induced variations of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen and associated ozone variations using UARS HALOE data over the 1991-2003 period. Specifically, a multiple regression statistical model is applied to 3-month averages of these data at and above 10 hPa where measurements of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen are sufficiently numerous. As a measure of solar forcing, we consider separately both the MgII solar UV index and the auroral Ap index. The former is a measure of solar UV forcing of ozone and also correlates well with the occurrence frequency of major solar proton events. The latter is a good proxy for magnetospheric energetic electron precipitation that influences the production rate of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen in the thermosphere and mesosphere. Consistent with earlier studies, evidence is obtained for a decadal <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen variation at the highest available latitudes (50-70 degrees) that projects positively onto the solar cycle. At these latitudes, annual averages of HALOE <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen correlate best with the Ap index and solar wind plasma speed indicating a dominant source in the form of energetic electron precipitation followed by downward transport during the polar night. At the same high latitudes in the upper stratosphere (1 hPa), interannual variations of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen correlate negatively with simultaneous HALOE ozone measurements. Thus, at high latitudes, particle precipitation induced <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen variations can significantly impact stratospheric ozone concentrations on interannual time scales. At latitudes lower than 50 degrees, statistically significant solar induced <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen variations occur only near and above the stratopause in the tropics. This low-latitude response is apparently caused primarily by increased photolysis of NO under solar maximum conditions. Throughout most of the rest of the stratosphere, no statistically significant response is obtained. This implies that decadal variations of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen, regardless of their source, played no major role in the solar cycle variation of ozone at middle and low latitudes during the 1991-2003 period.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hood, L. L.; Soukharev, B. E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23154380"> <span id="translatedtitle">It does not look <span class="hlt">odd</span> to me: perceptual impairments and eye movements in amnesic patients with medial temporal lobe damage.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Studies of people with memory impairments have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that a specific set of brain structures in the medial temporal lobe (MTL) is vital for memory function. However, whether these structures have a role outside of memory remains contentious. Recent studies of amnesic patients with damage to two structures within the MTL, the hippocampus and the perirhinal cortex, indicated that these patients also performed poorly on perceptual tasks. More specifically, they performed worse than controls when discriminating between objects, faces and scenes with overlapping features. In order to investigate whether these perceptual deficits are reflected in their viewing strategies, we tested a group of amnesic patients with MTL damage that included the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex on a series of oddity discrimination tasks in which they had to select an <span class="hlt">odd</span> item from a visual array. Participants' eye movements were monitored throughout the experiment. Results revealed that patients were impaired on tasks that required them to discriminate between items that shared many features, and tasks that required processing items from different viewpoints. An analysis of their eye movements revealed that they exhibited a similar viewing pattern as controls: they fixated more on the target item on trials answered correctly, but not on trials answered incorrectly. In addition, their impaired performance was not explained by an abnormal viewing-strategy that assessed their use of working memory. These results suggest that the perceptual deficits in the MTL patients are not a consequence of abnormal viewing patterns of the objects and scenes, but instead, could involve an inability to bind information gathered from several fixations into a cohesive percept. These data also support the view that MTL structures are important not only for long-term memory, but are also involved in perceptual tasks. PMID:23154380</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erez, Jonathan; Lee, Andy C H; Barense, Morgan D</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-11-13</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3557385"> <span id="translatedtitle">It does not look <span class="hlt">odd</span> to me: Perceptual impairments and eye movements in amnesic patients with medial temporal lobe damage</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Studies of people with memory impairments have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that a specific set of brain structures in the medial temporal lobe (MTL) is vital for memory function. However, whether these structures have a role outside of memory remains contentious. Recent studies of amnesic patients with damage to two structures within the MTL, the hippocampus and the perirhinal cortex, indicated that these patients also performed poorly on perceptual tasks. More specifically, they performed worse than controls when discriminating between objects, faces and scenes with overlapping features. In order to investigate whether these perceptual deficits are reflected in their viewing strategies, we tested a group of amnesic patients with MTL damage that included the hippocampus and perirhinal cortex on a series of oddity discrimination tasks in which they had to select an <span class="hlt">odd</span> item from a visual array. Participants' eye movements were monitored throughout the experiment. Results revealed that patients were impaired on tasks that required them to discriminate between items that shared many features, and tasks that required processing items from different viewpoints. An analysis of their eye movements revealed that they exhibited a similar viewing pattern as controls: they fixated more on the target item on trials answered correctly, but not on trials answered incorrectly. In addition, their impaired performance was not explained by an abnormal viewing-strategy that assessed their use of working memory. These results suggest that the perceptual deficits in the MTL patients are not a consequence of abnormal viewing patterns of the objects and scenes, but instead, could involve an inability to bind information gathered from several fixations into a cohesive percept. These data also support the view that MTL structures are important not only for long-term memory, but are also involved in perceptual tasks.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erez, Jonathan; Lee, Andy C.H.; Barense, Morgan D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/p341637p014220n0.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Waxmonoester fermentation in Euglena gracilis T. Factors favouring the synthesis of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-numbered fatty acids and alcohols</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Waxmonoester fermentation at the expense of endogenous paramylon was followed in the dark in autotrophically grown Euglena gracilis. With reduced oxygen tension and decreasing O2-consumption rates the proportion of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-numbered fatty acids and alcohols increased up to a molar ratio of nearly 1:1 under strictly anaerobic conditions. Labelled 14CO2, succinate and propionate were incorporated into <span class="hlt">odd</span>-numbered fatty acids and alcohols</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">T. Schneider; A. Betz</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/23260112"> <span id="translatedtitle">Macrocycles 23. <span class="hlt">Odd</span>–even effect in the cyclization of poly(ester imide)s derived from catechols</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Various poly(ester imide)s, PEIs, were prepared from N-(4-carboxyphenyl) trimellitimide (4-CPTI) or from N-(3-carboxyphenyl) trimellitimide (3-CPTI). Various catechols or 5-methylresorcinol served as comonomers. MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry revealed that the PEIs derived from 4-CPTI and catechols contain significantly more even than <span class="hlt">odd</span> cycles, whereas the PEIs derived from 3-CPTI and catechols contained almost equal amounts of <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even-numbered cycles. The predominant</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Abbas A Shaikh; Gert Schwarz; Hans R Kricheldorf</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55814495"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Hydrogen Photochemistry and Inferring Water Vapor in the Arctic Summer Mesosphere: Implications for Polar Mesospheric Clouds</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We will present results of an investigation of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen (HOx = H + OH + HO2) and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen (Ox = O + O3) photochemistry in the Arctic mesosphere. In these studies we utilize a one-dimensional photochemical model of Ox\\/HOx species to compare with high latitude observations of OH and O3 from the August, 1997 flight of the CRISTA (Cryogenic Infrared</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. E. Summers; C. R. Englert; D. E. Siskind; M. H. Stevens</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/635147"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Database Design Techniques</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">physical</span> database design problem has received considerable attention in the past. In this paper we present a sample of the techniques and models used to solve some of the problems in this area. A detailed analysis of two of these problems is <span class="hlt">shown</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mario Schkolnick</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1979-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PPNL....9..228I"> <span id="translatedtitle">On new <span class="hlt">physical</span> reality (on ? ether)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that there exists a new <span class="hlt">physical</span> reality-the ? ether. All the achievements of quantum mechanics and quantum field theory are due to the fact that both the theories include the influence of ? ether on the <span class="hlt">physical</span> processes occurring in the Universe. <span class="hlt">Physics</span> of the 20th century was first of all the <span class="hlt">physics</span> of ? ether.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Isaev, P. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=dare+NOT+walk+AND+alone&pg=4&id=EJ984069"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Stand-Alone Interactive <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Showcase</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|We present a showcase with interactive exhibits of basic <span class="hlt">physical</span> experiments that constitutes a complementary method for teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span> and interesting students in <span class="hlt">physical</span> phenomena. Our interactive <span class="hlt">physics</span> showcase, <span class="hlt">shown</span> in Fig. 1, stimulates interest for science by letting the students experience, firsthand, surprising phenomena and…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pfaff, Daniel; Hagelgans, Anja; Weidemuller, Matthias; Bretzer, Klaus</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21090875"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions, ADHD, and callous-unemotional traits as predictors of treatment response in children with disruptive behavior disorders.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">To answer several questions pertinent to DSM-V, the authors examined the predictive validity of pretreatment oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) dimensions, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and callous-unemotional (CU) traits in relation to several treatment outcomes in 177 children diagnosed with <span class="hlt">ODD</span> or conduct disorder (CD). Multiple informants completed diagnostic interviews and rating scales at 6 assessment points (pretreatment to 3-year follow-up) to document emotional and behavioral outcomes. After controlling for pretreatment CD, the <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimension of hurtfulness was related to treatment-resistant CD, delinquent behaviors, and externalizing problems. In contrast, the <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimension tapping irritability was associated with treatment-resistant <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, internalizing problems, and global functional impairment following treatment. Whereas pretreatment ADHD was associated with posttreatment <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and social problems, it was unrelated to posttreatment CD symptoms and diagnosis. Contrary to predictions, CU traits were unrelated to any posttreatment outcomes after controlling for other covariates. These findings remained after controlling for measures of pretreatment global functional impairment. PMID:21090875</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kolko, David J; Pardini, Dustin A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AIPC.1101..144O"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Constructivism and Quantum Probability</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">I describe the main ideas of constructive <span class="hlt">physics</span> and its role for the probability interpretation of quantum theory. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> how the explicit probability space for quantum systems gives the formal representation of entanglement and decoherence.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ozhigov, Yu. I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3565896"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dietary patterns and <span class="hlt">odds</span> of Type 2 diabetes in Beirut, Lebanon: a case-control study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background In Lebanon, Type 2 diabetes (T2D) has a major public health impact through high disease prevalence, significant downstream pathophysiologic effects, and enormous financial liabilities. Diet is an important environmental factor in the development and prevention of T2D. Dietary patterns may exert greater effects on health than individual foods, nutrients, or food groups. The objective of this study is to examine the association between dietary patterns and the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of T2D among Lebanese adults. Methods Fifty-eight recently diagnosed cases of T2D and 116 population-based age, sex, and place of residence matched control participants were interviewed. Data collection included a standard socio-demographic and lifestyle questionnaire. Dietary intake was evaluated by a semi-quantitative 97-item food frequency questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements including weight, height, waist circumference, and percent body fat were also obtained. Dietary patterns were identified by factor analysis. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the associations of extracted patterns with T2D. Pearson correlations between these patterns and obesity markers, energy, and nutrient intakes were also examined. Results Four dietary patterns were identified: Refined Grains & Desserts, Traditional Lebanese, Fast Food and Meat & Alcohol. While scores of the “Refined Grains & Desserts” had the highest correlations with energy (r?=?0.74) and carbohydrates (r?=?0.22), those of the “Fast Food” had the highest correlation with fat intake (r?=?0.34). After adjustment for socio-demographic and lifestyle characteristics, scores of the Refined Grains & Desserts and Fast Food patterns were associated with higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> of T2D (OR: 3.85, CI: 1.13-11.23 and OR: 2.80, CI: 1.14-5.59; respectively) and scores of the Traditional Lebanese pattern were inversely associated with the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of T2D (OR: 0.46, CI: 0.22-0.97). Conclusions The findings of this study demonstrate direct associations of the Refined Grains & Desserts and Fast Food patterns with T2D and an inverse association between the Traditional Lebanese pattern and the disease among Lebanese adults. These results may guide the development of nutrition interventions for the prevention and management of T2D among Lebanese adults.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/931372"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematics of Isomeric Configurations in N=77 <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Z Isotones near the Proton Drip Line</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The systematics of the {pi}h{sub 11/2}{circle_times}{nu}h{sub 11/2} and {pi}h{sub 11/2}{circle_times}{nu}s{sub 1/2} isomeric configurations was studied for the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z N=77 isotones near the proton drip line. The isomeric decays in {sup 140}Eu, {sup 142}Tb, {sup 144}Ho, and {sup 146}Tm were measured by means of x-ray, {gamma}-ray, and charged particle spectroscopy at the Recoil Mass Spectrometer at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (ORNL). The spin and parity of I{sup {pi}}=8{sup +} and 5{sup -} were deduced for the isomers in {sup 140}Eu and {sup 142}Tb. New decay schemes were established, and the half-lives of the 8{sup +} isomers were measured to be 302(4) ns for {sup 140m2}Eu and 25(1) {micro}s for {sup 142m2}Tb. No evidence for the expected 1{sup +} ground-state was found in the {sup 144}Ho decay data. The proton-emission from 146Tm was restudied. Five proton transitions were assigned to two proton-emitting states. The half-lives of 198(3) ms and 68(3) ms and the spin and parity values of I{sup {pi}}=10{sup +} and 5{sup -} were established for {sup 146m}Tm and {sup 146gs}Tm, respectively. For the first time for an <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus, the interpretation of the observed decay properties and structure of the proton-emitting states was made by accounting for deformation and proton and neutron coupling to the core excitations. A complex wave-function structure was obtained, with dominating components of {pi}h{sub 11/2}{circle_times}{nu}h{sub 11/2} for the 10{sup +} isomer and {pi}h{sub 11/2}{circle_times}{nu}s{sub 1/2} for the 5{sup -} ground state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rykaczewski, Krzysztof Piotr [ORNL; Tantawy, M. N. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Bingham, Carrol R [ORNL; Batchelder, J. C. [Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU); Krolas, W. [Vanderbilt University; Danchev, M. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Fong, D. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge; Ginter, T. N. [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Gross, Carl J [ORNL; Grzywacz, Robert Kazimierz [ORNL; Hagino, K. [Tohoku University, Japan; Hamilton, J. H. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge; Hartley, D. J. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Karny, M. [University of Warsaw; Li, K. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge; Mazzocchi, C. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK); Piechaczek, A. [Louisiana State University; Ramayya, A. V. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge; Shapira, Dan [ORNL; Stolz, A. [Michigan State University, East Lansing; Winger, J. A. [Mississippi State University (MSU); Yu, Chang-Hong [ORNL; Zganjar, E. F. [Louisiana State University</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20771267"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematics of isomeric configurations in N=77 <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z isotones near the proton drip line</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The systematics of the {pi}h{sub 11/2}x{nu}h{sub 11/2} and {pi}h{sub 11/2}x{nu}s{sub 1/2} isomeric configurations was studied for the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z N=77 isotones near the proton drip line. The isomeric decays in {sup 140}Eu, {sup 142}Tb, {sup 144}Ho, and {sup 146}Tm were measured by means of x-ray, {gamma}-ray, and charged particle spectroscopy at the Recoil Mass Spectrometer at the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (ORNL). The spin and parity of I{sup {pi}}=8{sup +} and 5{sup -} were deduced for the isomers in {sup 140}Eu and {sup 142}Tb. New decay schemes were established, and the half-lives of the 8{sup +} isomers were measured to be 302(4) ns for {sup 140m2}Eu and 25(1) {mu}s for {sup 142m2}Tb. No evidence for the expected 1{sup +} ground-state was found in the {sup 144}Ho decay data. The proton-emission from {sup 146}Tm was restudied. Five proton transitions were assigned to two proton-emitting states. The half-lives of 198(3) ms and 68(3) ms and the spin and parity values of I{sup {pi}}=10{sup +} and 5{sup -} were established for {sup 146m}Tm and {sup 146gs}Tm, respectively. For the first time for an <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus, the interpretation of the observed decay properties and structure of the proton-emitting states was made by accounting for deformation and proton and neutron coupling to the core excitations. A complex wave-function structure was obtained, with dominating components of {pi}h{sub 11/2}x{nu}h{sub 11/2} for the 10{sup +} isomer and {pi}h{sub 11/2}x{nu}s{sub 1/2} for the 5{sup -} ground state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tantawy, M.N.; Danchev, M.; Hartley, D.J.; Mazzocchi, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Bingham, C.R.; Grzywacz, R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, Tennessee 37996 (United States); Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Rykaczewski, K.P.; Gross, C.J.; Shapira, D.; Yu, C.-H. [Physics Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Batchelder, J.C. [UNIRIB, Oak Ridge Associated Universities, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Krolas, W. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee 37235 (United States); Institute of Nuclear Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, PL-31-342 Cracow (Poland); Fong, D.; Hamilton, J. H.; Li, K.; Ramayya, A. V. [Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831 (United States); Ginter, T.N.; Stolz, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Hagino, K. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai, 980-8578 (Japan); Karny, M. [Institute of Experimental Physics, Warsaw University, Warsaw, PL-00681 (Poland)] (and others)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-02-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PAN....74.1491K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of the quantum theory of T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries for prescission and evaporated third particles in ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A comparative analysis of the results obtained by experimentally and theoretically studying T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries for various third particles in the true and delayed ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons was performed. It was confirmed that the appearance of these asymmetries was associated with the effect of rotation of a polarized system undergoing fission on the angular distributions of prescission and evaporated third particles with respect to the direction along which the emerging fission fragments flew apart, this effect being determined by the Coriolis interaction of the rotational and the internalmotion of the fissioning system. A quantum-mechanical description of particle motion in a rotating coordinate system was generalized to the case where gamma-ray emission was present. It was <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the separation of the motions of an axially symmetric fissile system into a rotational and an internal motion was valid in the external region as well, where ternary-fission products had already been formed, if it was considered that the motion of fission fragments was tightly connected with the system symmetry axis, which rotated in the laboratory frame. It was found that the dependence of the fissile-system moment of inertia appearing in the Coriolis interaction Hamiltonian on the distance between the fission fragments flying apart generated an additional phase in the amplitude of the radial distribution of fission fragments. It was <span class="hlt">shown</span> that this phase might change sizably the contribution of the interference between fission amplitudes of neutron resonances excited in a fissile compound nucleus to the absolute values of T -<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries, especially for third particles such as neutrons and photons, which interacted only slightly with fission fragments.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kadmensky, S. G.; Bunakov, V. E.; Titova, L. V.; Kadmensky, S. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88b4306W"> <span id="translatedtitle">High-spin level structure of the doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleus 104Ag</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The high-spin level structure of the doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleus 104Ag has been investigated via the 97Mo(11B, 4n)104Ag reaction at a beam energy of 50 MeV. The newly established level scheme includes lower-lying two-quasiparticle states and several higher-lying bands. Two positive-parity bands associated with the ?g9/2?1??d5/2 and ?g9/2?1??g7/2 configurations are extended significantly. Based on the comparison with the analogous structures in neighboring nuclei and the features of nuclear chirality, the negative parity bands are suggested as candidate chiral doublet bands with the ?g9/2?1??h11/2 configuration.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, Z. G.; Liu, M. L.; Zhang, Y. H.; Zhou, X. H.; Hu, B. T.; Zhang, N. T.; Guo, S.; Ding, B.; Fang, Y. D.; Wang, J. G.; Li, G. S.; Qiang, Y. H.; Li, S. C.; Gao, B. S.; Zheng, Y.; Hua, W.; Wu, X. G.; He, C. Y.; Zheng, Y.; Li, C. B.; Liu, J. J.; Hu, S. P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21352339"> <span id="translatedtitle">Calculation of the (T,P)-<span class="hlt">odd</span> electric dipole moment of thallium and cesium</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parity and time invariance violating electric dipole moment of {sup 205}Tl is calculated using the relativistic Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction methods and the many-body perturbation theory. Contributions from the interaction of the electron electric dipole moments with internal electric field and scalar-pseudoscalar electron-nucleon (T,P)-<span class="hlt">odd</span> interaction are considered. The results are d({sup 205}Tl)=-582(20)d{sub e} or d({sup 205}Tl)=-7.0(2)x10{sup -18}C{sup SP}e cm. Interpretation of the measurements are discussed. The results of similar calculations for {sup 133}Cs are d({sup 133}Cs)=124(4)d{sub e} or d({sup 133}Cs)=0.76(2)x10{sup -18}C{sup SP}e cm.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2796696"> <span id="translatedtitle">Correcting "winner's curse" in <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios from genomewide association findings for major complex human diseases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provide an important approach for identifying common genetic variants that predispose to human disease. However, <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (OR) estimates for the reported findings from GWAS discovery data are typically affected by a bias away from the null sometimes referred to the “winner's curse”. Also standard confidence intervals (CIs) may have far from the desired coverage rates. We applied a bias reduction method to GWAS findings from several major complex human diseases, including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, type I diabetes and type II diabetes. We found the simple bias correction procedure allows one to estimate bias-adjusted ORs that have substantial consistency with ORs from subsequent replication studies; and that corresponding selection-adjusted CIs appear to help quantify the uncertainty of the findings. Selection-adjusted ORs and CIs can provide a reliable summary of GWAS data, and can help to choose single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for subsequent validation studies.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhong, Hua; Prentice, Ross L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span 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</span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011APS..MARQ40008E"> <span id="translatedtitle">Triplet Pairing and <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Electron Densities in Constrained-Pairing Mean-Field Theory</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describing strong (also known as static or non-dynamical) correlation caused by degenerate or nearly degenerate orbitals near the Fermi level remains a theoretical challenge, particularly in molecular systems. Constrained-pairing mean-field theory (CPMFT) has been quite successful capturing the effects of static correlation in bond formation and breaking in closed- shell molecular systems. This method uses singlet electron entanglement to model static correlation at mean field cost. The present work extends the previous formalism to include triplet pairing, allowing a description of same-spin correlation and open-shell species. Additionally, a spin-orbital extension of the "<span class="hlt">odd</span>-electron" formalism of Yamaguchi and co-workers is presented as a method for understanding triplet radical character in molecules. Results from representative systems are presented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ellis, Jason K.; Jimenez-Hoyos, Carlos A.; Scuseria, Gustavo E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22951384"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> ratio of risk factors for oral submucous fibrosis in a case control model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Our aim was to calculate the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (OR) of various epidemiological, social, behavioural, and dietary risk factors for oral submucous fibrosis in a population-based case control study. We did this in rural and urban Lucknow by organising oral health camps in the community, where a total of 3136 subjects were enrolled. Panmasala, a dry commercial preparation containing areca nut, slaked lime, catechu, and condiments, with or without tobacco, was the most important aetiological factor for the disease. The 95% confidence interval (CI) of the OR for tobaccoless panmasala ranged from 4.77 to 6.88 and for tobacco panmasala from 4.55 to 9.71. OR using multivariate analysis was 14.09 for tobaccoless panmasala and 5.39 for tobacco panmasala. Patients who use panmasala are at high risk of developing oral submucous fibrosis. PMID:22951384</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mehrotra, D; Kumar, S; Agarwal, G G; Asthana, A; Kumar, S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-27</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3616323"> <span id="translatedtitle">Semiparametric Bayes' Proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Models for Current Status Data with Underreporting</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Summary Current status data are a type of interval-censored event time data in which all the individuals are either left or right censored. For example, our motivation is drawn from a cross-sectional study, which measured whether or not fibroid onset had occurred by the age of an ultrasound exam for each woman. We propose a semiparametric Bayesian proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model in which the baseline event time distribution is estimated nonparametrically by using adaptive monotone splines in a logistic regression model and the potential risk factors are included in the parametric part of the mean structure. The proposed approach has the advantage of being straightforward to implement using a simple and efficient Gibbs sampler, whereas alternative semiparametric Bayes’ event time models encounter problems for current status data. The model is generalized to allow systematic underreporting in a subset of the data, and the methods are applied to an epidemiologic study of uterine fibroids.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, Lianming; Dunson, David B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010NuPhA.842....1K"> <span id="translatedtitle">High spin states and isomeric decays in doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> 208Fr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neutron deficient isotopes of francium (Z=87, N˜121-123) as excited nuclei were produced in the fusion-evaporation reaction: 197Au(16O, xn) 213 - xFr at 100 MeV. The ? rays from the residues were observed through the high sensitivity Germanium Clover detector array INGA. The decay of the high spin states and the isomeric states of the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> 208Fr nuclei, identified from the known sequence of ground state transitions, were observed. The half-lives of the E=194(2) keV isomeric transition, known from earlier observations, was measured to be T=233(18) ns. A second isomeric transition at E=383(2) keV and T=33(7) ns was also found. The measured half-lives were compared with the corresponding single particle estimates, based on the level scheme obtained from the experiment.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kanjilal, D.; Bhattacharya, S.; Goswami, A.; Kshetri, R.; Raut, R.; Saha, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Gehlot, J.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Jnaneswari, G.; Mukherjee, G.; Mukherjee, B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5226315"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reflection-asymmetric rotor model of <span class="hlt">odd</span> Aapprox. 219--229 nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The low-energy spectroscopy of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei in the mass region Aapprox.219--229 is modeled by coupling states of a deformed shell model including octupole deformation to a reflection-asymmetric rotor core. Theory and experiment are compared for the nuclei in which data are available: /sup 219,221,223,225/Rn, /sup 221,223,225,227/Fr, /sup 219,221,223,225,227/Ra, /sup 219,223,225,227,229/Ac /sup 221,223,225,227,229/Th, and /sup 229/Pa. Overall agreement requires an octupole deformation ..beta../sub 3/approx.0.1. The results throughout the region are synthesized to evaluate the model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Leander, G.A.; Chen, Y.S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24101063"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hospitals with higher nurse staffing had lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> of readmissions penalties than hospitals with lower staffing.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Affordable Care Act's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) penalizes hospitals based on excess readmission rates among Medicare beneficiaries. The aim of the program is to reduce readmissions while aligning hospitals' financial incentives with payers' and patients' quality goals. Many evidence-based interventions that reduce readmissions, such as discharge preparation, care coordination, and patient education, are grounded in the fundamentals of basic nursing care. Yet inadequate staffing can hinder nurses' efforts to carry out these processes of care. We estimated the effect that nurse staffing had on the likelihood that a hospital was penalized under the HRRP. Hospitals with higher nurse staffing had 25 percent lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> of being penalized compared to otherwise similar hospitals with lower staffing. Investment in nursing is a potential system-level intervention to reduce readmissions that policy makers and hospital administrators should consider in the new regulatory environment as they examine the quality of care delivered to US hospital patients. PMID:24101063</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">McHugh, Matthew D; Berez, Julie; Small, Dylan S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997PhLB..410..103V"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identification of 181Hg and shape coexistence in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Hg isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In-beam ?-ray transitions in 181Hg, the lightest <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Hg isotope known thus far, have been identified from fragment mass-? and ?-? coincidence measurements. Five prolate deformed rotational bands were placed in the level scheme. A decoupled band built on the strongly prolate deformed 1/2-[521] ground state was observed up to 29/2-. A 5/2-[512] configuration is suggested for a pair of strongly coupled bands displaying no signature splitting. The other two bands are also signature partner bands. They are populated with the largest intensity and exhibit splitting. They have been associated with the mixed neutron i13/2 orbitals and are proposed to decay to an i13/2 isomeric state associated with an oblate state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Varmette, P. G.; Shidot, D. T.; Ma, W. C.; Ramayya, A. V.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Davids, C. N.; Hamilton, J. H.; Ahmad, I.; Amro, H.; Babu, B. R. S.; Back, B.; Bindra, K. S.; Blumenthal, D. J.; Brown, L. T.; Carpenter, M. P.; Croft, W. L.; Crowell, B.; Fischer, S. M.; Garg, U.; Henry, R. G.; Ishii, T.; Khoo, T. L.; Kormicki, J.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Nisius, D.; Penttila, H.; Piercey, R. B.; Winger, J. A.; Zhu, S. J.; Semmes, P. B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004PhRvD..69g5008C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Associated production of CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> and charged Higgs bosons at hadron colliders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the minimal supersymmetric standard model (MSSM), the masses of the charged Higgs boson (H±) and the CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> scalar (A) are related by M2H+=M2A+m2W at the Born level. Because the coupling of W--A-H+ is fixed by the gauge interaction, the Born level production rate of qq'?W±*?AH± depends on only one supersymmetry parameter—the mass (MA) of A. We examine the sensitivity of the CERN LHC to this signal event in the A(?bb¯)H+(??+??) and A(?bb¯)H+(?tb¯) decay channels. We illustrate how to test the mass relation between A and H+ in case the signal is found. If the signal is not found, the product of the decay branching ratios of A and H± predicted by the MSSM is bounded from above as a function of MA.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cao, Qing-Hong; Kanemura, Shinya; Yuan, C.-P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20696472"> <span id="translatedtitle">Isospin Dependence in the <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Even Staggering of Nuclear Binding Energies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The FRS-ESR facility at GSI provides unique conditions for precision measurements of large areas on the nuclear mass surface in a single experiment. Values for masses of 604 neutron-deficient nuclides (30{<=}Z{<=}92) were obtained with a typical uncertainty of 30 {mu}u. The masses of 114 nuclides were determined for the first time. The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering (OES) of nuclear masses was systematically investigated for isotopic chains between the proton shell closures at Z=50 and Z=82. The results were compared with predictions of modern nuclear models. The comparison revealed that the measured trend of OES is not reproduced by the theories fitted to masses only. The spectral pairing gaps extracted from models adjusted to both masses, and density related observables of nuclei agree better with the experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Litvinov, Yu.A.; Geissel, H. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); II. Physikalisches Institut, JLU Giessen, Heinrich-Buff-Ring 16, 35392 Giessen (Germany); Buervenich, T.J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Saupfercheckweg 1, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Novikov, Yu.N. [St. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188350 Gatchina (Russian Federation); Patyk, Z. [Soltan Institute for Nuclear Studies, Hoza 69, 00681 Warsaw (Poland); Scheidenberger, C.; Attallah, F.; Beckert, K.; Bosch, F.; Franzke, B.; Klepper, O.; Kluge, H.-J.; Kozhuharov, C.; Muenzenberg, G.; Nolden, F.; Radon, T.; Steck, M.; Typel, S. [Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung GSI, Planckstrasse 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Audi, G. [CSNSM-IN2P3-CNRS, Ba circumflex timent 108, 91405 Orsay Campus (France); Falch, M. [Sektion Physik, LMU Muenchen, Am Coulombwall, 85748 Garching (Germany)] [and others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-07-22</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21499472"> <span id="translatedtitle">Chirality in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Rh isotopes within the triaxial particle rotor model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">By adopting the fully quantal triaxial particle-rotor model, the candidate chiral doublet bands in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei {sup 103}Rh and {sup 105}Rh with {pi}g{sub 9/2}{sup -1} x {nu}h{sub 11/2}{sup 2} configuration are studied. For the doublet bands in both nuclei, agreement is excellent for the observed energies over the entire spin range and B(M1)/B(E2) at higher spin range. The evolution of the chiral geometry with angular momentum is discussed in detail by using the angular momentum components and their probability distributions. Chirality is found to change from chiral vibration to nearly static chirality at spin I=37/2 and back to another type of chiral vibration at higher spin. The influence of the triaxial deformation {gamma} is also studied.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Qi, B.; Wang, S. Y. [Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Optical Astronomy and Solar-Terrestrial Environment, School of Space Science and Physics, Shandong University at Weihai, Weihai 264209 (China); Zhang, S. Q. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); Meng, J. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, 100871 Beijing (China); School of Physics and Nuclear Energy Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191 (China); Department of Physics, University of Stellenbosch, Matieland 7602 (South Africa); Koike, T. [Department of Physics, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-03-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">451</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21191860"> <span id="translatedtitle">Distribution of <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio in 2 × 2 contingency table: adjustment for correlation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Log-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for 2 × 2 contingency tables is often approximated by a normal distribution with an approximated variance. Hwang and Biswas (2008) illustrated that the standard expression for the variance should be modified in the presence of correlation. They also provided an adjustment to this variance expression when a single 2 × 2 table is available with matched-pair data. In this present paper, we first provide the required adjustment for multiple 2 × 2 tables, theoretically and also with reference to some data examples. We illustrate that this variance-adjusted normal approximation is a better approximation for such data. We provide two examples, one of which came from a late-phase clinical trial. As the theoretical development of this research depends on the existence of a bivariate binomial distribution, a multivariate (and hence bivariate) binomial distribution is motivated and derived. We then provide a suitably correlation adjusted Mantel-Haenszel test procedure. PMID:21191860</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Biswas, Atanu; Hwang, Jing-Shiang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">452</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20699126"> <span id="translatedtitle">{beta}-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A {sup 57}Ti and {sup 59}V</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The {beta}-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A, neutron-rich {sup 57}Ti and {sup 59}V are studied. More precise {beta}-decay half-lives of 98{+-}5 and 97{+-}2 ms are deduced for {sup 57}Ti and {sup 59}V, respectively. In addition, {beta}-delayed {gamma}-ray spectroscopy is used to deduce {beta}-decay branching ratios and establish the low-energy-level structures of the daughter nuclides. The new data for levels in {sup 57}V and {sup 59}Cr are compared with the results of shell-model calculations completed in the full pf model space. Both {sup 57}V and {sup 59}Cr show evidence of modest oblate deformation near the ground state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liddick, S.N.; Mantica, P.F.; Tomlin, B.E. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Broda, R.; Fornal, B. [Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PL-31342, Cracow (Poland); Brown, B.A.; Davies, A.D.; Schatz, H. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Carpenter, M.P.; Janssens, R.V.F. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Horoi, M. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States); Morton, A.C.; Mueller, W.F.; Stolz, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Pavan, J.; Tabor, S.L.; Wiedeking, M. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">453</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21179793"> <span id="translatedtitle">Search for Very Light CP-<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Higgs Boson in Radiative Decays of {upsilon}(1S)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We search for a non-SM-like CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson (a{sub 1}{sup 0}) decaying to {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} or {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} in radiative decays of the {upsilon}(1S). No significant signal is found, and upper limits on the product branching ratios are set. Our {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} results are almost 2 orders of magnitude more stringent than previous upper limits. Our data provide no evidence for a Higgs state with a mass of 214 MeV decaying to {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, previously proposed as an explanation for 3 {sigma}{sup +}{yields}p{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events observed by the HyperCP experiment. Our results constrain NMSSM models.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Love, W.; Savinov, V. [University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15260 (United States); Mendez, H. [University of Puerto Rico, Mayaguez, Puerto Rico 00681 (Puerto Rico); Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Xin, B. [Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907 (United States); Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York 12180 (United States); He, Q.; Insler, J.; Muramatsu, H.; Park, C. S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Yang, F. [University of Rochester, Rochester, New York 14627 (United States)] (and others)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-10-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">454</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19792366"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bottomonium spectroscopy with mixing of etab states and a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The mass of the eta(b)(1S), measured recently by the BABAR Collaboration, is significantly lower than expected from QCD predictions for the Upsilon(1S)-eta(b)(1S) hyperfine splitting. We suggest that the observed eta(b)(1S) mass is shifted downwards due to a mixing with a CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson A with a mass m(A) in the range 9.4-10.5 GeV compatible with LEP, CLEO, and BABAR constraints. We determine the resulting predictions for the spectrum of the eta(b)(nS)-A system and the branching ratios into tau(+)tau(-) as functions of m(A). PMID:19792366</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Domingo, Florian; Ellwanger, Ulrich; Sanchis-Lozano, Miguel-Angel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-09-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">455</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18999589"> <span id="translatedtitle">Search for very light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs Boson in radiative decays of Upsilon(1S).</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We search for a non-SM-like CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson (a(1)(0)) decaying to tau(+)tau(-) or mu(+)mu(-) in radiative decays of the Upsilon(1S). No significant signal is found, and upper limits on the product branching ratios are set. Our tau(+)tau(-) results are almost 2 orders of magnitude more stringent than previous upper limits. Our data provide no evidence for a Higgs state with a mass of 214 MeV decaying to mu(+)mu(-), previously proposed as an explanation for 3 Sigma(+)-->pmu(+)mu(-) events observed by the HyperCP experiment. Our results constrain NMSSM models. PMID:18999589</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Love, W; Savinov, V; Mendez, H; Ge, J Y; Miller, D H; Shipsey, I P J; Xin, B; Adams, G S; Anderson, M; Cummings, J P; Danko, I; Hu, D; Moziak, B; Napolitano, J; He, Q; Insler, J; Muramatsu, H; Park, C S; Thorndike, E H; Yang, F; Artuso, M; Blusk, S; Khalil, S; Li, J; Mountain, R; Nisar, S; Randrianarivony, K; Sultana, N; Skwarnicki, T; Stone, S; Wang, J C; Zhang, L M; Bonvicini, G; Cinabro, D; Dubrovin, M; Lincoln, A; Naik, P; Rademacker, J; Asner, D M; Edwards, K W; Reed, J; Briere, R A; Ferguson, T; Tatishvili, G; Vogel, H; Watkins, M E; Rosner, J L; Alexander, J P; Cassel, D G; Duboscq, J E; Ehrlich, R; Fields, L; Galik, R S; Gibbons, L; Gray, R; Gray, S W; Hartill, D L; Heltsley, B K; Hertz, D; Hunt, J M; Kandaswamy, J; Kreinick, D L; Kuznetsov, V E; Ledoux, J; Mahlke-Krüger, H; Mohapatra, D; Onyisi, P U E; Patterson, J R; Peterson, D; Riley, D; Ryd, A; Sadoff, A J; Shi, X; Stroiney, S; Sun, W M; Wilksen, T; Athar, S B; Patel, R; Yelton, J; Rubin, P; Eisenstein, B I; Karliner, I; Mehrabyan, S; Lowrey, N; Selen, M; White, E J; Wiss, J; Mitchell, R E; Shepherd, M R; Besson, D; Pedlar, T K; Cronin-Hennessy, D; Gao, K Y; Hietala, J; Kubota, Y; Klein, T; Lang, B W; Poling, R; Scott, A W; Zweber, P; Dobbs, S; Metreveli, Z; Seth, K K; Tomaradze, A; Libby, J; Martin, L; Powell, A; Wilkinson, G; Ecklund, K M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-10-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">456</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009EL.....8631002Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Pair production of the T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> leptons at the LHC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> leptons predicted by the littlest Higgs model with T-parity can be pair produced via the subprocesses gg?ell+Hell-H, qbar q?ell+Hell-H, ???ell+Hell-H, and VV?ell+Hell-H (V=W or Z) at the CERN large hadron collider (LHC). We estimate the hadronic production cross-sections for all of these processes and give a simple phenomenology analysis. We find that the cross-sections for most of the above processes are very small. However, the value of the cross-section for the Drell-Yan process, qbar q?ell+Hell-H, can reach 270 fb.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yue, Chong-Xing; Wang, Yong-Zhi; Lui, Wei; Ma, Wei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">457</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=physical+AND+attractiveness&pg=7&id=EJ248221"> <span id="translatedtitle">Self-Consciousness, Evaluation of <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Characteristics, and <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Attractiveness.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Investigated the relationship between public self-consciousness and speed of processing information about self. Results indicated that high public self-conciousness subjects required less time to report evaluations of their <span class="hlt">physical</span> features. In a second study high public self-conciousness was <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be positively related to judged <span class="hlt">physical</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Turner, Robert G.; Gilliland, LuNell</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">458</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvB..83e4427L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> multipoles, magnetic charges, and chirality in hematite ?-Fe2O3</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Collinear and canted magnetic motifs in hematite were investigated by J. Kokubun [Phys. Rev. B 1098-0121PRLTAO10.1103/PhysRevB.78.11511278, 115112 (2008)] using x-ray Bragg diffraction magnified at the iron K-edge, and analyses of observations led to various potentially interesting conclusions. We demonstrate that the reported analyses for both nonresonant and resonant magnetic diffraction at low energies near the absorption K-edge are not appropriate. In its place, we apply a radically different formulation, thoroughly tried and tested, that incorporates all magnetic contributions to resonant x-ray diffraction allowed by the established chemical and magnetic structures. Essential to a correct formulation of diffraction by a magnetic crystal with resonant ions at sites that are not centers of inversion symmetry are parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> atomic multipoles, time-even (polar) and time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> (magneto-electric), that arise from enhancement by the electric-dipole (E1)-electric-quadrupole (E2) event. Analyses of azimuthal-angle scans on two space-group forbidden reflections, hexagonal (0,0,3)h and (0,0,9)h, collected by Kokubun etal. [Phys. Rev. B 78, 115112 (2008)] above and below the Morin temperature (TM=250 K), allow us to obtain good estimates of contributing polar and magnetoelectric multipoles, including the iron anapole. We show, beyond reasonable doubt, that available data are inconsistent with parity-even events only (E1-E1 and E2-E2). For future experiments, we show that chiral states of hematite couple to circular polarization and differentiate E1-E2 and E2-E2 events, while the collinear motif supports magnetic charges.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lovesey, S. W.; Rodríguez-Fernández, A.; Blanco, J. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">459</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7199348"> <span id="translatedtitle">Isomers in three doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> Fr-At-Bi. alpha. -decay chains</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The {sup 206}Fr{r arrow}{sup 202}At{r arrow}{sup 198}Bi, {sup 204}Fr{r arrow}{sup 200}At{r arrow}{sup 196}Bi, and {sup 202}Fr{r arrow}{sup 198}At{r arrow}{sup 194}Bi {ital a}-decay chains have been studied by standard spectroscopic techniques using an on-line isotope separator. All the studied doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes have at least two isomers, which decay by a combination of the following decay modes: {ital a} emission, {beta}{sup +}/EC (electron capture) decay, and internal transition (IT). The internal transition, a highly retarded {ital E}3, is the {ital j}-forbidden transition between the ({pi}{ital h}{sub 9/2}{direct product}{nu}{ital i}{sub 13/2}){sub 10}{sup {minus}} and the ({pi}{ital h}{sub 9/2}{direct product}{nu}{ital f}{sub 5/2}){sub 7}{sup +} states. The {ital B}({ital E}3) values of these IT's together with their energy behavior as a function of the neutron and proton number, compared to the energy difference between the 13/2{sup +}({nu}{ital i}{sub 13/2}) and 5/2{sup {minus}}({nu}{ital f}{sub 5/2}) states in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass Pb isotones, indicate that these proton-neutron-coupled states have a rather pure shell-model character.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Huyse, M.; Decrock, P.; Dendooven, P.; Reusen, G.; Van Duppen, P.; Wauters, J. (LISOL, Instituut voor Kern-en Stralingsfysica, K. U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">460</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3328778"> <span id="translatedtitle">What are the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>? The Neural Correlates of Active Choice during Gambling</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Gambling is a widespread recreational activity and requires pitting the values of potential wins and losses against their probability of occurrence. Neuropsychological research showed that betting behavior on laboratory gambling tasks is highly sensitive to focal lesions to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and insula. In the current study, we assessed the neural basis of betting choices in healthy participants, using functional magnetic resonance imaging of the Roulette Betting Task. In half of the trials, participants actively chose their bets; in the other half, the computer dictated the bet size. Our results highlight the impact of volitional choice upon gambling-related brain activity: Neural activity in a distributed network – including key structures of the reward circuitry (midbrain, striatum) – was higher during active compared to computer-dictated bet selection. In line with neuropsychological data, the anterior insula and vmPFC were more activated during self-directed bet selection, and responses in these areas were differentially modulated by the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of winning in the two choice conditions. In addition, responses in the vmPFC and ventral striatum were modulated by the bet size. Convergent with electrophysiological research in macaques, our results further implicate the inferior parietal cortex (IPC) in the processing of the likelihood of potential outcomes: Neural responses in the IPC bilaterally reflected the probability of winning during bet selection. Moreover, the IPC was particularly sensitive to the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of winning in the active-choice condition, when the processing of this information was required to guide bet selection. Our results indicate an important role of the IPC in human decision-making under risk and help to integrate neuropsychological data of risk-taking following vmPFC and insula damage with models of choice derived from human neuroimaging and monkey electrophysiology.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Studer, Bettina; Apergis-Schoute, Annemieke M.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Clark, Luke</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img 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class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Seventeen experiments in <span class="hlt">physics</span> are described to demonstrate various <span class="hlt">physical</span> phenomena. These include the areas of velocity of sound, damped oscillations, plastic deformation of wires, materials, testing, air resistance, spectrum optical filtering, and some new improvised apparatus. (PS)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">School Science Review, 1972</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">462</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/fit/sports_physicals.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sports <span class="hlt">Physicals</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... baseball, football, or basketball. What Happens During a Sports <span class="hlt">Physical</span> There are two main parts to a ... which they can participate. Where to Get a Sports <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Some older kids may be able to ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">463</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001941.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity -- which includes an active lifestyle and routine exercise -- plus eating well, is the best way ... shortness of breath when you are active Build <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity into your regular routine Simple lifestyle changes ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">464</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/lung-cancer/treating-lung-cancer/a-life-change/physical-activity.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Lung Cancer > Treating Lung Cancer > A Life Change <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity Regular exercise is part of a healthy ... body and not over exert yourself. Even light <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, like walking or stretching, can make you ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">465</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/806616"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tevatron <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">These lectures form a personal, and not necessarily comprehensive, survey of <span class="hlt">physics</span> at the Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. They cover detectors, analysis issues, and <span class="hlt">physics</span> prospects for the current Tevatron run.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John Womersley</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-03</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">466</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhTea..50..565."> <span id="translatedtitle">Teachers' approaches to teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Benjamin Franklin said, ``Tell me, and I forget. Teach me, and I remember. Involve me, and I learn.'' He would not be surprised to learn that research in <span class="hlt">physics</span> pedagogy has consistently <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the traditional lecture is the least effective teaching method for teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span>. We asked high school <span class="hlt">physics</span> teachers which teaching activities they used in their classrooms. While almost all teachers still lecture sometimes, two-thirds use something other than lecture most of the time. The five most often-used activities are <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the table below. In the January issue, we will look at the 2013 Nationwide Survey of High School <span class="hlt">Physics</span> teachers. Susan White is Research Manager in the Statistical Research Center at the American Institute of <span class="hlt">Physics</span>; she directs the Nationwide Survey of High School <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Teachers. If you have any questions, please contact Susan at swhite@aip.org.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">467</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=effectiveness+AND+cooperative+AND+learning+AND+science+AND+students&pg=3&id=EJ740616"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cooperative Learning in <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Education</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">|A methodology that has not received as much attention in the <span class="hlt">physical</span> education setting as in other subject areas is cooperative learning. Cooperative learning has been used for many years in math, science, and history, but not until recently has the concept been applied to <span class="hlt">physical</span> education. Research conducted on cooperative learning has <span class="hlt">shown</span>…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hannon, James C.; Ratliffe, Thomas</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">468</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/48590739"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Therapy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">\\u000a <span class="hlt">Physical</span> therapists diagnose and manage conditions that cause movement dysfunction which affect an individual’s <span class="hlt">physical</span> and\\u000a functional ability. They work toward restoring, maintaining, and promoting not only optimal <span class="hlt">physical</span> function, but optimal\\u000a wellness, fitness, and quality of life as it relates to movement and health. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> therapists provide interventions which\\u000a prevent the onset and progression of impairments, activity limitations, and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Victoria Marchese; Kripa Dholakia; Lori Brake</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">469</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19878355"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cosmic <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Classical <span class="hlt">physics</span> is determined by the scale on which matter can be handled in everyday use; quantum <span class="hlt">physics</span> results from the study of the interaction of matter on this scale with matter on smaller scales; cosmic <span class="hlt">physics</span> is the study of matter on much greater scales, and there are many properties of matter that are observable and significant only on</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">W H McCrea</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1968-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">470</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19880850"> <span id="translatedtitle">Particle <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A few years ago, when some of us were working to introduce particle <span class="hlt">physics</span> into A-level courses, I exchanged letters with a professor of particle <span class="hlt">physics</span> who expressed the view that we would not succeed in our aims, on the grounds that there were no textbooks that treated particle <span class="hlt">physics</span> at an appropriate level. Our opinion at the time was</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E Swinbank</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">471</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/18866927"> <span id="translatedtitle">EDITORIAL: <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">1. <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions: aims and realizations One aim of <span class="hlt">physics</span> competitions is to increase the interest of young students, primarily at upper secondary level, to <span class="hlt">physics</span> and natural sciences in general. A competition has motivational aspects known usually from sports events or games---comparing one's own ability with others, of course with the desire to be better and to win. If</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">H. Jordens; L. Mathelitsch</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">472</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21409505"> <span id="translatedtitle">New constraints on a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson and related NMSSM ideal Higgs scenarios</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent BABAR limits on BR({Upsilon}(3S){yields}{gamma}a{yields}{gamma}{tau}{sup +{tau}-}) and BR({Upsilon}(3S){yields}{gamma}a{yields}{gamma}{mu}{sup +{mu}-}) provide increased constraints on the abb coupling of a CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson, a, with m{sub a}<M{sub {Upsilon}(3S)}. We extract these limits from the BABAR data and compare to the limits previously obtained using other data sets, especially the CLEO-III BR({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}{yields}{tau}{sup +{tau}-}) limits. Comparisons are made to predictions in the context of ''ideal''-Higgs NMSSM scenarios, in which the lightest CP-even Higgs boson, h{sub 1}, can have mass below 105 GeV (as preferred by precision electroweak data) and yet can escape old LEP limits by virtue of decays to a pair of the lightest CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs bosons, h{sub 1{yields}}a{sub 1}a{sub 1}, with m{sub a{sub 1}}<2m{sub B}. Most such scenarios with m{sub a{sub 1}}<2m{sub {tau}}are eliminated, but the bulk of the m{sub a{sub 1}}>7.5 GeV scenarios, which are theoretically the most favored, survive. We also outline the impact of the new ALEPH LEP results in the e{sup +}e{sup -{yields}}Z+4{tau} channel. For tan{beta}{>=}3, only NMSSM ideal Higgs scenarios with m{sub h{sub 1}} > or approx. 98 GeV and m{sub a{sub 1}} close to 2m{sub B} satisfy the ALEPH limits. For tan{beta} < or approx. 2, the ALEPH limits are easily satisfied for the most theoretically preferred NMSSM scenarios, which are those with m{sub a{sub 1}} close to 2m{sub B} and m{sub h{sub 1{approx}}}90-100 GeV.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dermisek, Radovan; Gunion, John F. [Department of Physics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA, and Theory Group, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">473</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2629574"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interpretation of Genetic Association Studies: Markers with Replicated Highly Significant <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios May Be Poor Classifiers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent successful discoveries of potentially causal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for complex diseases hold great promise, and commercialization of genomics in personalized medicine has already begun. The hope is that genetic testing will benefit patients and their families, and encourage positive lifestyle changes and guide clinical decisions. However, for many complex diseases, it is arguable whether the era of genomics in personalized medicine is here yet. We focus on the clinical validity of genetic testing with an emphasis on two popular statistical methods for evaluating markers. The two methods, logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, are applied to our age-related macular degeneration dataset. By using an additive model of the CFH, LOC387715, and C2 variants, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios are 2.9, 3.4, and 0.4, with p-values of 10?13, 10?13, and 10?3, respectively. The area under the ROC curve (AUC) is 0.79, but assuming prevalences of 15%, 5.5%, and 1.5% (which are realistic for age groups 80 y, 65 y, and 40 y and older, respectively), only 30%, 12%, and 3% of the group classified as high risk are cases. Additionally, we present examples for four other diseases for which strongly associated variants have been discovered. In type 2 diabetes, our classification model of 12 SNPs has an AUC of only 0.64, and two SNPs achieve an AUC of only 0.56 for prostate cancer. Nine SNPs were not sufficient to improve the discrimination power over that of nongenetic predictors for risk of cardiovascular events. Finally, in Crohn's disease, a model of five SNPs, one with a quite low <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of 0.26, has an AUC of only 0.66. Our analyses and examples show that strong association, although very valuable for establishing etiological hypotheses, does not guarantee effective discrimination between cases and controls. The scientific community should be cautious to avoid overstating the value of association findings in terms of personalized medicine before their time.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jakobsdottir, Johanna; Gorin, Michael B.; Conley, Yvette P.; Ferrell, Robert E.; Weeks, Daniel E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">474</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvC..84b7901L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Glauber-based evaluations of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> moments of the initial eccentricity relative to the even order participant planes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Monte Carlo simulations are used to compute the centrality dependence of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> moments of the initial eccentricity ?n+1, relative to the even-order (n) participant planes ?n in Au + Au collisions. The results obtained for two models of the eccentricity—the Glauber and the factorized Kharzeev-Levin-Nardi (fKLN) models—indicate magnitudes which are essentially zero. They suggest that a possible correlation between the orientations of the the <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even participant planes (?n+1 and ?n, respectively) does not have a significant influence on the calculated eccentricities. An experimental verification test for co