Dogra, Shilpa
2011-10-01
Poor self-perceived health (SPH) is associated with lower levels of physical activity (PA) and the presence of chronic disease in older adults. The purpose of this study was to determine whether SPH is associated with PA levels in older adults with existing chronic disease and whether this differs by disease. Using logistic regressions on data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (N = 33,168) it was found that adjusted logistic regressions revealed that odds of physical inactivity were similar in those with good SPH who reported having respiratory, musculoskeletal, or other chronic disease compared with those with good SPH without these diseases. Those with good SPH who reported having cardiometabolic disease were at significantly greater risk of physical inactivity than those with good SPH without cardiometabolic disease. It is apparent from the current analysis that SPH plays an important role in PA levels of older adults with chronic disease and should be targeted in future interventions. PMID:21911874
Baker, Michael L.; Timco, Grigore A.; Piligkos, Stergios; Mathieson, Jennifer S.; Mutka, Hannu; Tuna, Floriana; Koz?owski, Piotr; Antkowiak, Micha?; Guidi, Tatiana; Gupta, Tulika; Rath, Harapriya; Woolfson, Robert J.; Kamieniarz, Grzegorz; Pritchard, Robin G.; Weihe, Høgni; Cronin, Leroy; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J. L.; Winpenny, Richard E. P.
2012-01-01
The term “frustration” in the context of magnetism was originally used by P. W. Anderson and quickly adopted for application to the description of spin glasses and later to very special lattice types, such as the kagomé. The original use of the term was to describe systems with competing antiferromagnetic interactions and is important in current condensed matter physics in areas such as the description of emergent magnetic monopoles in spin ice. Within molecular magnetism, at least two very different definitions of frustration are used. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of unusual nine-metal rings, using magnetic measurements and inelastic neutron scattering, supported by density functional theory calculations. These compounds show different electronic/magnetic structures caused by frustration, and the findings lead us to propose a classification for frustration within molecular magnets that encompasses and clarifies all previous definitions. PMID:23132941
Fominov, Yakov
2015-01-01
. D. Landau Institute for Theoretical Physics, RAS, 142432 Chernogolovka, Russia 2 Moscow Institute/ferromagnet proximity structures or triplet superconductor/normal metal systems. Calculating the superfluid density of the system, and suggest that there exists no physically realizable perturbation that could give rise
Kampf, Karol
2011-01-01
A systematic study of the odd-intrinsic parity sector of QCD is presented. We briefly describe different applications including pi0 -> gamma gamma decay, muonic (g-2) factor and a test of the new holographic conjectures.
Extremal Myers-Perry black holes coupled to Born-Infeld electrodynamics in odd dimensions
Masoud Allahverdizadeh; Seyed H. Hendi; José P. S. Lemos; Ahmad Sheykhi
2013-04-03
Employing higher order perturbation theory, we find a new class of perturbative extremal rotating black hole solutions with Born-Infeld electric charge in odd D-dimensional spacetime. The seed solution is an odd dimensional extremal Myers-Perry black hole with equal angular momenta to which a perturbative nonlinear electric Born-Infeld field charge q is added maintaining the extremality condition. The perturbations are performed up to third order. We also study some physical properties of these black holes. In particular, it is shown that the values of the gyromagnetic ratio of the black holes are modified by the perturbative parameter q and the Born-Infeld parameter {\\beta}.
Nuclear structure in odd-odd nuclei, 144{le}A{le}194
Jain, A.K.; Sheline, R.K.; Headly, D.M.; Sood, P.C.; Burke, D.G.; Hrivnacova, I.; Kvasil, J.; Nosek, D.; Hoff, R.W.
1998-07-01
A comprehensive review of the present understanding, both theoretical and experimental, of intrinsic and rotational level structures in medium-heavy deformed odd-odd nuclei is presented. A discussion of the various experimental methods is presented, emphasizing the need for a variety of experimental approaches. The odd-odd nuclei that are immediately amenable to fruitful additional study are pointed out. A discussion of the intrinsic level structures, Gallagher-Moszkowski (GM) splittings, Newby (N) shifts, and role of the residual p-n interaction is presented. Currently available data in the rare-earth region allow the empirical determination of 137 GM splittings and 36 N shifts for 25 odd-odd nuclei in the mass region 152{le}A{le}188. A new parametrization of the residual p-n interaction is presented which also takes into account the 27 GM splittings and 12 N shifts from the actinide region. Newly discovered features of rotational bands, such as odd-even staggering, and other high-spin phenomena, such as signature inversion and delay in bandcrossing frequency, are discussed. The role of higher-order Coriolis coupling is pointed out. Systematics of the two-quasiparticle excitations, shape coexistence, isomers, and four-quasiparticle states are presented. Calculated results of the two-quasiparticle intrinsic excitations using two methods, the intrinsic level spacings for odd-{ital A} neighboring nuclei and the quasiparticle-plus-phonon coupling model, are compared with experiment. {copyright} {ital 1998} {ital The American Physical Society}
Bose, Prosenjit; Douieb, Karim; Dujmovic, Vida; King, James; Morin, Pat
2010-01-01
Let R^d -> A be a query problem over R^d for which there exists a data structure S that can compute P(q) in O(log n) time for any query point q in R^d. Let D be a probability measure over R^d representing a distribution of queries. We describe a data structure called the odds-on tree, of size O(n^\\epsilon) that can be used as a filter that quickly computes P(q) for some query values q in R^d and relies on S for the remaining queries. With an odds-on tree, the expected query time for a point drawn according to D is O(H*+1), where H* is a lower-bound on the expected cost of any linear decision tree that solves P. Odds-on trees have a number of applications, including distribution-sensitive data structures for point location in 2-d, point-in-polytope testing in d dimensions, ray shooting in simple polygons, ray shooting in polytopes, nearest-neighbour queries in R^d, point-location in arrangements of hyperplanes in R^d, and many other geometric searching problems that can be solved in the linear-decision tree mo...
Against the Odds Exhibition Opens
... Issue Past Issues Special Section Against the Odds Exhibition Opens Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents / ... April 17, Dr. Donald Lindberg officially opened the exhibition, "Against the Odds: Making a Difference in Global ...
Flavor Dependence of T-odd PDFs
Leonard P. Gamberg; Gary R. Goldstein; Marc Schlegel
2007-04-20
The flavor dependence of the naive time reversal odd ("T-odd'') parton distributions for $u$- and $d$-quarks are explored in the spectator model. The flavor dependence of $h_{1}^{\\perp}$ is of significance for the analysis of the azimuthal $\\cos(2\\phi)$ asymmetries in unpolarized SIDIS and DY-processes, as well as for the overall physical understanding of the distribution of transversely polarized quarks in unpolarized nucleons. As a by-product of the formalism, we calculate the chiral-odd but ``T-even'' function $h_{1L}^{\\perp}$ which enables us to present a prediction for the single spin asymmetry $A_{UL}^{\\sin(2\\phi)}$ for a longitudinally polarized target in SIDIS.
Anomalous Crossing Frequency in Odd Proton Nuclei
Yang Sun; Shuxian Wen; Da Hsuan Feng
1994-02-25
A generic explanation for the recently observed anomalous crossing frequencies in odd proton rare earth nuclei is given. As an example, the proton ${1\\over 2} [541]$ band in $^{175}$Ta is discussed in detail by using the angular momentum projection theory. It is shown that the quadrupole pairing interaction is decisive in delaying the crossing point and the changes in crossing frequency along the isotope chain are due to the different neutron shell fillings.
Odds of observing the multiverse
Alex Dahlen
2010-01-11
Eternal inflation predicts our observable universe lies within a bubble (or pocket universe) embedded in a volume of inflating space. The interior of the bubble undergoes inflation and standard cosmology, while the bubble walls expand outward and collide with other neighboring bubbles. The collisions provide either an opportunity to make a direct observation of the multiverse or, if they produce unacceptable anisotropy, a threat to inflationary theory. The probability of an observer in our bubble detecting the effects of collisions has an absolute upper bound set by the odds of being in the part of our bubble that lies in the forward light-cone of a collision; in the case of collisions with bubbles of identical vacua, this bound given by the bubble nucleation rate times ($H_{\\rm{O}}/H_{\\rm{I}})^2$, where $H_{\\rm{O}}$ is the Hubble scale outside the bubbles and $H_{\\rm{I}}$ is the scale of the second round of inflation that occurs inside our bubble. Similar results were obtained by Freigovel \\emph{et al.} using a different method for the case of collisions with bubbles of much larger cosmological constant; here it is shown to hold in the case of collisions with identical bubbles as well. A significant error in a previous draft was corrected in order to arrive at this result.
Odds of observing the multiverse
Dahlen, A.
2010-03-15
Eternal inflation predicts that our observable universe lies within a bubble (or pocket universe) embedded in a volume of inflating space. The interior of the bubble undergoes inflation and standard cosmology, while the bubble walls expand outward and collide with other neighboring bubbles. The collisions provide either an opportunity to make a direct observation of the multiverse or, if they produce unacceptable anisotropy, a threat to inflationary theory. The probability of an observer in our bubble detecting the effects of collisions has an absolute upper bound set by the odds of being in the part of our bubble that lies in the forward light cone of a collision; in the case of collisions with bubbles of identical vacua, this bound is given by the bubble nucleation rate times (H{sub O}/H{sub I}){sup 2}, where H{sub O} is the Hubble scale outside the bubbles and H{sub I} is the scale of the second round of inflation that occurs inside our bubble. Similar results were obtained by Freigovel et al. using a different method for the case of collisions with bubbles of much larger cosmological constant; here, it is shown to hold in the case of collisions with identical bubbles as well.
Survey of odd-odd deformed nuclear spectroscopy
Hoff, R.W.
1993-09-14
In this paper, we survey the current experimental data that support assignment of rotational bands in odd-odd deformed nuclear in the rare earth and actinide regions. We present the results of a new study of {sup 170}Mt nuclear structure. In a comparing experimental and calculated Gallagher-Moszkowski matrix elements for rare earth-region nuclei, we have developed a new approach to the systematics of these matrix elements.
Enhanced T-odd, P-odd electromagnetic moments in reflection asymmetric nuclei
Spevak, V.; Auerbach, N.; Flambaum, V.V.
1997-09-01
Collective P- and T-odd moments produced by parity and time invariance violating forces in reflection asymmetric nuclei are considered. The enhanced collective Schiff, electric dipole, and octupole moments appear due to the mixing of rotational levels of opposite parity. These moments can exceed single-particle moments by more than 2 orders of magnitude. The enhancement is due to the collective nature of the intrinsic moments and the small energy separation between members of parity doublets. In turn these nuclear moments induce enhanced T- and P-odd effects in atoms and molecules. A simple estimate is given and a detailed theoretical treatment of the collective T-, P-odd electric moments in reflection asymmetric, odd-mass nuclei is presented. In the present work we improve on the simple liquid drop model by evaluating the Strutinsky shell correction and include corrections due to pairing. Calculations are performed for octupole deformed long-lived odd-mass isotopes of Rn, Fr, Ra, Ac, and Pa and the corresponding atoms. Experiments with such atoms may improve substantially the limits on time reversal violation. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}
Simultaneous Description of Even-Even, Odd-Mass and Odd-Odd Nuclear Spectra
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ganev, H. G.; Georgieva, A. I.
2010-01-01
The orthosymplectic extension of the Interacting Vector Boson Model (IVBM) is used for the simultaneous description of the spectra of different families of neighboring heavy nuclei. The structure of even-even nuclei is used as a core on which the collective excitations of the neighboring odd-mass and odd-odd nuclei are built on. Hence, the spectra of the odd-mass and odd-odd nuclei arise as a result of the consequent and self-consistent coupling of the fermion degrees of freedom of the odd particles, specified by the fermion sector SOF(2?)?OSp(2?/12, R), to the boson core which states belong to an SpB(12, R) irreducible representation. The theoretical predictions for different low-lying collective bands with positive and negative parity for two sets of neighboring nuclei with distinct collective properties are compared with experiment and IBM/IBFM/IBFFM predictions. The obtained results reveal the applicability of the used dynamical symmetry of the model.
Reflection asymmetry in odd-A and odd-odd actinium nuclei
Ahmad, I.
1993-09-01
Theoretical calculations and measurements indicate that octupole correlations are at a maximum in the ground states of the odd-proton nuclei Ac and Pa. It has been expected that odd-odd nuclei should have even larger amount of octupole-octupole correlations. We have recently made measurements on the structure of {sup 224}Ac. Although spin and parity assignments could not be made, two bands starting at 354.1 and 360.0 keV have properties characteristic of reflection asymmetric shape. These two bands have very similar rotational constants and also similar alpha decay rates, which suggest similarity between the wavefunctions of these bands. These signatures provide evidence for octupole correlations in these nuclides.
Roles of triaxiality and residual interaction in signature inversions of A~130 odd-odd nuclei
N. Tajima
1993-09-08
Rotational bands with (neutron h_11/2)^1 (proton h_11/2)^1 configurations are studied using a particle-rotor model in which a proton and a neutron quasiparticles interacting through a zero-range force are coupled with a triaxial rotor. It is shown for 124Cs that one can reproduce the signature dependence of energy and B(M1)/B(E2) ratio best when one takes into account gamma-deformations with irrotational-flow moment of inertia in addition to the proton-neutron interaction proposed by Semmes and Ragnarsson. Including both effects, a systematic calculation of signature splittings is performed for Cs, La isotopes and N=75 isotones to be compared with experiments. Discussions are also done on the deficiencies of the cranking model concerning its applicability to signature inversion phenomena in odd-odd nuclei.
Structure of the yrast band in the odd-odd deformed nucleus {sup 156}Pm
Sood, P. C.; Sai, K. Vijay; Gowrishankar, R.; Sainath, M.
2011-05-15
The six-level sequence deduced for the odd-odd nucleus {sup 156}Pm in the high-spin studies following spontaneous fission of {sup 252}Cf is shown to constitute the K{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} yrast band having the two-quasiparticle configuration {l_brace}p:5/2[532]+ n:3/2[521]{r_brace}. Spin parities I{sup {pi}=}4{sup +} through 9{sup +} are assigned to the earlier suggested six levels. The location and the decay {gamma}'s of the 10{sup +} level of this band are indicated. It is also pointed out that there are no {gamma} rays common to these postfission high-spin spectra and those seen in the {sup 156}Nd {beta}-decay studies.
Time-odd mean fields in covariant density functional theory I. Non-rotating systems
A. V. Afanasjev; H. Abusara
2010-10-09
Time-odd mean fields (nuclear magnetism) are analyzed in the framework of covariant density functional theory (CDFT). It is shown that they always provide additional binding to the binding energies of odd-mass nuclei. This additional binding only weakly depends on the RMF parametrization reflecting good localization of the properties of time-odd mean fields in CDFT. The underlying microscopic mechanism is discussed in detail. Time-odd mean fields affect odd-even mass differences. However, our analysis suggests that the modifications of the strength of pairing correlations required to compensate for their effects are modest. In contrast, time-odd mean fields have profound effect on the properties of odd-proton nuclei in the vicinity of proton-drip line. Their presence can modify the half-lives of proton-emitters (by many orders of magnitude in light nuclei) and affect considerably the possibilities of their experimental observation.
Comment on "Tensor force in doubly odd deformed nuclei"
D. Nosek; J. Noskova
1999-06-01
An article by Covello, Gargano and Itaco [Phys.Rev. C 56, 3092 (1997)] tries to find evidence for the important role of the residual tensor force between the valence proton and neutron in doubly odd deformed nuclei. It is shown that observable effects discussed by these authors do not fully justify their rather strong conclusions.
Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds
David, Walter W.; Walsh, D.P.; Farnsworth, Matthew L.; Winkelman, D.L.; Miller, M.W.
2011-01-01
Environmental factors-especially soil properties-have been suggested as potentially important in the transmission of infectious prion diseases. Because binding to montmorillonite (an aluminosilicate clay mineral) or clay-enriched soils had been shown to enhance experimental prion transmissibility, we hypothesized that prion transmission among mule deer might also be enhanced in ranges with relatively high soil clay content. In this study, we report apparent influences of soil clay content on the odds of prion infection in free-ranging deer. Analysis of data from prion-infected deer herds in northern Colorado, USA, revealed that a 1% increase in the clay-sized particle content in soils within the approximate home range of an individual deer increased its odds of infection by up to 8.9%. Our findings suggest that soil clay content and related environmental properties deserve greater attention in assessing risks of prion disease outbreaks and prospects for their control in both natural and production settings. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.
The odd side of torsion geometry
Conti, Diego
2012-01-01
We introduce and study a notion of `Sasaki with torsion structure' (ST) as an odd-dimensional analogue of K\\"ahler with torsion geometry (KT). These are normal almost contact metric manifolds that admit a unique compatible connection with 3-form torsion. Any odd-dimensional compact Lie group is shown to admit such a structure; in this case the structure is left-invariant and has closed torsion form. We illustrate the relation between ST structures and other generalizations of Sasaki geometry, and explain how some standard constructions in Sasaki geometry can be adapted to this setting. In particular, we relate the ST structure to a KT structure on the space of leaves, and show that both the cylinder and the cone over an ST manifold are KT, although only the cylinder behaves well with respect to closedness of the torsion form. Finally, we introduce a notion of `G-moment map'. We provide criteria based on equivariant cohomology ensuring the existence of these maps, and then apply them as a tool for reducing ST ...
1. VIEW IN ROOM 125, BIOASSAY LABORATORY, SHOWN IS THE ...
1. VIEW IN ROOM 125, BIOASSAY LABORATORY, SHOWN IS THE FIRST STEP IN A SIX-STEP PROCESS TO ANALYZE URINE SAMPLES FOR PLUTONIUM AND URANIUM CONTAMINATION. IN THIS STEP, NITRIC ACID IS ADDED TO SAMPLE, AND THE SAMPLE IS BOILED DOWN TO A WHITE POWDER. - Rocky Flats Plant, Health Physics Laboratory, On Central Avenue between Third & Fourth Streets, Golden, Jefferson County, CO
Investigation of Cool and Hot Executive Function in ODD/CD Independently of ADHD
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hobson, Christopher W.; Scott, Stephen; Rubia, Katya
2011-01-01
Background: Children with oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) have shown deficits in "cool" abstract-cognitive, and "hot" reward-related executive function (EF) tasks. However, it is currently unclear to what extent ODD/CD is associated with neuropsychological deficits, independently of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder…
Whence the odd-even staggering in nuclear binding?
W. A. Friedman; G. F. Bertsch
2008-12-10
We explore the systematics of odd-even mass staggering with a view to identifying the physical mechanisms responsible. The BCS pairing and mean field contributions have A- and number parity dependencies which can help disentangle the different contributions. This motivates the two-term parametrization c_1 + c_2/A as a theoretically based alternative to the inverse power form traditionally used to fit odd-even mass differences. Assuming that the A-dependence of the BCS pairing is weak, we find that mean-field contributions are dominant below mass number A~40 while BCS pairing dominates in heavier nuclei.
Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lérida, Francisco
2010-09-01
Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.
General parity-odd CMB bispectrum estimation
Shiraishi, Maresuke; Liguori, Michele; Fergusson, James R. E-mail: michele.liguori@pd.infn.it
2014-05-01
We develop a methodology for estimating parity-odd bispectra in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This is achieved through the extension of the original separable modal methodology to parity-odd bispectrum domains (?{sub 1}+?{sub 2}+?{sub 3} = odd). Through numerical tests of the parity-odd modal decomposition with some theoretical bispectrum templates, we verify that the parity-odd modal methodology can successfully reproduce the CMB bispectrum, without numerical instabilities. We also present simulated non-Gaussian maps produced by modal-decomposed parity-odd bispectra, and show the consistency with the exact results. Our new methodology is applicable to all types of parity-odd temperature and polarization bispectra.
Odd-soliton solutions of the Einstein equations in a vacuum
Das, K.C.
1985-02-15
Axially symmetric odd-solitonic solutions of the Einstein equations are given in determinant form and it is shown that these reduce to Weyl's static solutions with half-integral delta when the twist potential is switched off.
Error statistics in a high-speed fibreoptic communication line with a phase shift of odd bits
Shapiro, Elena G
2009-11-30
The propagation of optical pulses through a fibreoptic communication line with a phase shift of odd bits is directly numerically simulated. It is shown that simple analytic expressions approximate well the error probability. The phase shift of odd bits in the initial sequence is statistically shown to decrease significantly the error probability in the communication line. (fibreoptic communication lines)
Observed parity-odd CMB temperature bispectrum
Shiraishi, Maresuke; Liguori, Michele; Fergusson, James R. E-mail: michele.liguori@pd.infn.it
2015-01-01
Parity-odd non-Gaussianities create a variety of temperature bispectra in the cosmic microwave background (CMB), defined in the domain: ?{sub 1} + ?{sub 2} + ?{sub 3} = odd. These models are yet unconstrained in the literature, that so far focused exclusively on the more common parity-even scenarios. In this work, we provide the first experimental constraints on parity-odd bispectrum signals in WMAP 9-year temperature data, using a separable modal parity-odd estimator. Comparing theoretical bispectrum templates to the observed bispectrum, we place constraints on the so-called nonlineality parameters of parity-odd tensor non-Gaussianities predicted by several Early Universe models. Our technique also generates a model-independent, smoothed reconstruction of the bispectrum of the data for parity-odd configurations.
Improving the Odds of Surviving Sepsis
... Improving the Odds of Surviving Sepsis Inside Life Science View All Articles | Inside Life Science Home Page Improving the Odds of Surviving Sepsis ... Threatening Bacterial Infection Remains Mysterious This Inside Life Science article also appears on LiveScience . Learn about related ...
Topology Explains Why Automobile Sunshades Fold Oddly
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Feist, Curtis; Naimi, Ramin
2009-01-01
Automobile sunshades always fold into an "odd" number of loops. The explanation why involves elementary topology (braid theory and linking number, both explained in detail here with definitions and examples), and an elementary fact from algebra about symmetric group.
Measurements of T-odd observables
Maurizio Martinelli
2015-09-15
The study of T-odd observables using four-body hadronic final states of charm meson decays provides complementary insight to measuring CP asymmetries via decay rate asymmetries. New results based on the full LHCb dataset are presented.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Solomon, S.; Rusch, D. W.; Gerard, J.-C.; Reid, G. C.; Crutzen, P. J.
1981-01-01
A one dimensional time-dependent model of the neutral and ion chemistry of the middle atmosphere has been used to examine the production of odd hydrogen (H, OH, and HO2) during charged particle precipitation. At altitudes above about 65 km, odd hydrogen production depends on the ionization rate, and the atomic oxygen and water vapor densities. Odd hydrogen production is shown to exhibit diurnal and other time dependent variations during such an event at these altitudes, and the assumption that two odd hydrogen particles are always produced per ionization is reexamined.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Treiman, Sam
2003-07-01
This is an enjoyable book by a particle physicist of some distinction, who wrote several books on the theoretical aspects of his subject. He died soon after the book was finished. This book would seem a splendid tribute to his memory. The first five chapters are an excellent introduction to quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of a particle physicist. (A solid state physicist might include some other topics.) The next three chapters give some feeling for the excitement of particle physics and describe some of the zoo of curious creatures discovered in the depths of particle accelerators, and the forces between them: strong, electromagnetic and weak. The final chapter, 'Quantum Fields', is a tour de force. The author has a light touch and a pleasant sense of humour. He does not attempt to explain everything he mentions, but he makes it very clear when he does not. These points are beautifully illustrated by the following extract from the final chapter (p 245). 'It was said above that virtual particles come into play when the real collision ingredients are all close together. In fact, virtual particles are always in play. Even a single real particle, moving along in isolation, can emit and reabsorb virtual particles over and over again. This has the effect of shifting the physical mass of the particle away from the 'bare' value that entered into the Hamiltonian. That shift inevitably turns out to be slightly infinite, and there is a whole technology for isolating and redefining away this and a few other infinities that are characteristic of renormalisable quantum field theories. But we forebear to pursue these delicacies any further here.' I particularly like 'slightly infinite'. The publisher's blurb describes this book as being suitable for popular science readers. It is not. Its level of mathematics would make it very heavy going for anyone who had not taken at least one course in mathematics at university. This is a book which can be strongly recommended as a supplementary text for undergraduates studying quantum mechanics, and also as a book for professional physicists who wish to obtain an up-to-date description and explanation of particle physics. It ought to be in every library. P Borcherds
Isoscalar g Factors of Even-Even and Odd-Odd Nuclei
S. Yeager; L. Zamick; Y. Y. Sharon; S. J. Q. Robinson
2009-02-05
We consider T=0 states in even-even and odd-odd N=Z nuclei. The g factors that emerge are isoscalar. We find that the single j shell model gives simple expressions for these g factors which for even-even nuclei are suprisingly close to the collective values for K=0 bands. The g factors of many 2+ in even-even nuclei and 1+ and 3+ states in odd-odd nuclei have g factors close to 0.5.
Varied signature splitting phenomena in odd proton nuclei
Sun, Y; Wen, S; Yang Sun; Da Hsuan Feng; Shuxian Wen
1994-01-01
Varied signature splitting phenomena in odd proton rare earth nuclei are investigated. Signature splitting as functions of K and j in the angular momentum projection theory is explicitly shown and compared with those of the particle rotor model. The observed deviations from these rules are due to the band mixings. The recently measured ^{169}Ta high spin data are taken as a typical example where fruitful information about signature effects can be extracted. Six bands, two of which have not yet been observed, were calculated and discussed in detail in this paper. The experimentally unknown band head energies are given.
Varied Signature Splitting Phenomena in Odd Proton Nuclei
Yang Sun; Da Hsuan Feng; Shuxian Wen
1994-04-17
Varied signature splitting phenomena in odd proton rare earth nuclei are investigated. Signature splitting as functions of $K$ and $j$ in the angular momentum projection theory is explicitly shown and compared with those of the particle rotor model. The observed deviations from these rules are due to the band mixings. The recently measured $^{169}$Ta high spin data are taken as a typical example where fruitful information about signature effects can be extracted. Six bands, two of which have not yet been observed, were calculated and discussed in detail in this paper. The experimentally unknown band head energies are given.
Neutron-proton pairing correlations in odd mass systems
Fellah, M. Allal, N. H.; Oudih, M. R.
2015-03-30
An expression of the ground-state which describes odd mass systems within the BCS approach in the isovector neutron-proton pairing case is proposed using the blocked level technique. The gap equations as well as the energy expression are then derived. It is shown that they exactly generalize the expressions obtained in the pairing between like-particles case. The various gap parameters and the energy are then numerically studied as a function of the pairing-strength within the schematic one-level model.
Confusion between Odds and Probability, a Pandemic?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Fulton, Lawrence V.; Mendez, Francis A.; Bastian, Nathaniel D.; Musal, R. Muzaffer
2012-01-01
This manuscript discusses the common confusion between the terms probability and odds. To emphasize the importance and responsibility of being meticulous in the dissemination of information and knowledge, this manuscript reveals five cases of sources of inaccurate statistical language imbedded in the dissemination of information to the general…
Study of Even-Even/Odd-Even/Odd-Odd Nuclei in Zn-Ga-Ge Region in the Proton-Neutron IBM/IBFM/IBFFM
Yoshida, N.; Brant, S.; Zuffi, L.
2009-08-26
We study the even-even, odd-even and odd-odd nuclei in the region including Zn-Ga-Ge in the proton-neutron IBM and the models derived from it: IBM2, IBFM2, IBFFM2. We describe {sup 67}Ga, {sup 65}Zn, and {sup 68}Ga by coupling odd particles to a boson core {sup 66}Zn. We also calculate the beta{sup +}-decay rates among {sup 68}Ge, {sup 68}Ga and {sup 68}Zn.
Stratospheric distributions of odd nitrogen and odd hydrogen in a two-dimensional model
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Prinn, R. G.; Alyea, F. N.; Cunnold, D. M.
1975-01-01
A two-dimensional pole-to-pole chemical model of the stratosphere is developed which extends from 8 to 38 km in altitude. Atmospheric motions are simulated by mean vertical and meridional winds and eddy diffusion coefficients. Seasonally averaged distributions of important odd nitrogen (NO, NO2, and HNO3) and odd hydrogen (H, OH, HO2, H2O2) compounds are computed. Photodissociation of N2O leads to production of odd nitrogen in the stratosphere, and the odd nitrogen is ultimately removed by downward transport into the troposphere and by rain-out (modeled by a rain-out lifetime of 30 days below 8-km altitude). Results are presented for a quasi-steady state in which seasonal cycles repeat themselves. These results show significant latitudinal as well as vertical variations in the predicted species which emphasize the need for at least two dimensions in accurate stratospheric modeling. Computed concentrations are compared with observations when they exist.
Piezoelectricity and ferroelectricity in odd-odd nylons with long alkane segments
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Liu, Shaobing; Cui, Zhe; Fu, Peng; Liu, Minying; Zhang, Yanchang; Jia, Rufeng; Zhao, Qingxiang
2014-04-01
Piezoelectricity and ferroelectricity in odd-odd nylon 11,11 and nylon 13,13 are detected. The results indicate that the ?-phase is responsible for the high piezoelectric and ferroelectric response. The piezoelectric strain coefficient, d33, as high as -3.9 and -4.1 pC/N is obtained at room temperature for stretched nylon 11,11 and nylon 13,13 films, respectively. The coercive electric field, Ec, values of about 55 and 88 MV/m are obtained for nylon 11,11 and nylon 13,13 films, respectively. And a remanent polarization, Pr, about 40 mC/m2 has been found in both films. Compared with nylon 11,11, the lower coercive electric field (Ec) in nylon 13,13 is attributed to its longer alkyl chains. These odd-odd nylons have the potential in electroactive applications.
Energy Levels of Odd-Odd nuclei Using Broken Pair Model
I. M. Hamammu; S. Haq; J. M. Eldahomi
2007-02-02
Simple methods in the frame work of the broken pair model have been worked out for odd-odd nuclei. The reliability of the model has been tested by reproducing the shell model results of limiting cases in which the broken pair model exactly coincides with the shell model. The model is then applied to calculate the energy levels of some nuclei in the Zirconium region. The model results compare reasonably well with the shell model as well as with the experimental data.
Partial dynamical symmetry and odd-even staggering in deformed nuclei
A. Leviatan
2014-10-02
Partial dynamical symmetry (PDS) is shown to be relevant for describing the odd-even staggering in the $\\gamma$-band of $^{156}$Gd while retaining solvability and good SU(3) symmetry for the ground and $\\beta$ bands. Several classes of interacting boson model Hamiltonians with SU(3) PDS are surveyed.
Odd-even effect of melting finite polymer film on square lattice
Tieyan Si
2015-03-24
Two dimensional film system bears many exotic thermodynamics behaviors. We proposed a mathematical physics model to explore how the melting temperature of a two dimensional mathematical dimer film depends on the odd-eveness of the finite width of dimer film. A weak external bond between dimers is introduced into the classical dimer model in this dimer film. We derived a general equation of melting temperature and applied it for computing the melting temperature of a dimer film covering a finite square lattice. The melting temperature is proportional to the external bonding energy that we assume it binds neighboring dimers together and proportional to the inverse of entropy per site. Further more, it shows fusing two small rectangular dimer film with odd number of length into one big rectangular film gains more entropy than fusing two small rectangles with even number of length into the same big rectangle. Fusing two small toruses with even number of length into one big torus reduces entropy. Fusing two small toruses with odd number of length increases the entropy. Thus two dimer films with even number of length repel each other, two dimer films with odd length attract each other. The odd-even effect is also reflected on the correlation function of two topologically distinguishable loops in a torus surface. The entropy of finite system dominates odd-even effect. This model has straightforward extension to longer polymers and three dimensional systems.
1. East side of lower dam shown with water level ...
1. East side of lower dam shown with water level dropped. VIEW WEST - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA
2. East side of lower dam shown with water flowing ...
2. East side of lower dam shown with water flowing over dam. VIEW WEST - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA
Detail of southeast corner and pipes, shown along California Avenue; ...
Detail of southeast corner and pipes, shown along California Avenue; camera facing north. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Central Power Plant, California Avenue, norhtwest corner of California Avenue & Seventh Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA
Interior view, anteroom of the postmaster general's reception hall; shown ...
Interior view, anteroom of the postmaster general's reception hall; shown here are two of the six aluminum statues of postal delivery men - New Post Office Building, Twelfth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, District of Columbia, DC
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Watanabe, Tatsuya; Yoshida, Tomohiro; Yanase, Youichi
2015-11-01
We show that odd-parity superconductivity occurs in multilayer Rashba systems without requiring spin-triplet Cooper pairs. A pairing interaction in the spin-singlet channel stabilizes the odd-parity pair-density-wave (PDW) state in the magnetic field parallel to the two-dimensional conducting plane. It is shown that the layer-dependent Rashba spin-orbit coupling and the orbital effect play essential roles for the PDW state in binary and tricolor heterostructures. We demonstrate that the odd-parity PDW state is a symmetry-protected topological superconducting state characterized by the one-dimensional winding number in the symmetry class BDI. The superconductivity in the artificial heavy-fermion superlattice CeCoIn5/YbCoIn5 and bilayer interface SrTiO3/LaAlO3 is discussed.
Scottish Physics and Knot Theory's Odd Origins Daniel S. Silver
Silver, Dan
the beliefs and bold expectations that motivated Thomson and Tait. James Clerk Maxwell's influence on his friend Tait is well known. However, Maxwell's keen interest in the developing theory of knots and links has become clear only in recent years, thanks in great part to the efforts of M. Epple. Often Maxwell
Shape phase transition in the odd Sm nuclei: effective order parameter and odd-even effect
Yu Zhang; Xin Guan; Yin Wang; Yan Zuo; Li-na Bao; Feng Pan
2015-04-20
Some binding-energy-related quantities serving as effective order parameters have been used to analyze the shape phase transition in the odd Sm nuclei. It is found that the signals of phase transition in the odd Sm nuclei are greatly enhanced in contrast to the even Sm nuclei. A further analysis shows that the transitional behaviors related to pairing in the Sm nuclei can be well described by the mean field plus pairing interaction model, with a monotonic decrease in the pairing strength $G$.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Douglass, Anne R.; Jackman, Charles H.; Stolarski, Richard S.
1989-01-01
A fast two-dimensional residual circulation stratospheric family transport model, designed to minimize computer requirements, is developed. The model was used to calculate the ambient and perturbed atmospheres in which odd nitrogen species are transported as a family, and the results were compared with calculations in which HNO3, N2O5, ClONO2, and HO2NO2 are transported separately. It was found that ozone distributions computed by the two models for a present-day atmosphere are nearly identical. Good agreement was also found between calculated species concentrations and the ozone response, indicating the general applicability of the odd-nitrogen family approximations.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cisterna, Adolfo; Cruz, Miguel; Delsate, Térence; Saavedra, Joel
2015-11-01
We derive the odd-parity perturbation equation for the nonminimal kinetic coupling sector of the general Horndeski theory, where the kinetic term is coupled to the metric and the Einstein tensor. We derive the potential of the perturbation, by identifying a master function and switching to tortoise coordinates. We then prove the mode stability under linear odd-parity perturbations of hairy black holes in this sector of Horndeski theory, when a cosmological constant term in the action is included. Finally, we comment on the existence of slowly rotating black hole solutions in this setup and discuss their implications on the physics of compact object configurations, such as neutron stars.
Sigma Decomposition: The CP-Odd Lagrangian
Hierro, I M; Rigolin, and S
2015-01-01
In Alonso et al., JHEP 12 (2014) 034, the CP-even sector of the effective chiral Lagrangian for a generic composite Higgs model with a symmetric coset has been constructed, up to four momenta. In this paper, the CP-odd couplings are studied within the same context. If only the Standard Model bosonic sources of custodial symmetry breaking are considered, then at most six independent operators form a basis. One of them is the weak-$\\theta$ term linked to non-perturbative sources of CP viola- tion, while the others describe CP-odd perturbative couplings between the Standard Model gauge bosons and an Higgs-like scalar belonging to the Goldstone boson sector. The procedure is then applied to three distinct exemplifying frameworks: the original $SU(5)/SO(5)$ Georgi-Kaplan model, the minimal custodial-preserving $SO(5)/SO(4)$ model and the minimal $SU(3)/(SU(2)\\times U(1))$ model, which intrinsically breaks cus- todial symmetry. Moreover, the projection of the high-energy electroweak effective theory to the low-ener...
Enhancement of the C P -odd effect in the nuclear electric dipole moment of 6Li
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yamanaka, Nodoka; Hiyama, Emiko
2015-05-01
We calculate for the first time the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the 6Li nucleus within the ? +p +n three-body cluster model using the Gaussian expansion method, assuming the one-meson exchange P , CP-odd nuclear forces. It is found that the EDM of 6Li is 2 times more sensitive to the isovector pion exchange P , CP-odd nuclear force than the deuteron EDM because of the CP-odd interaction between the nucleons and the ? cluster. The 9Be EDM is also calculated in the same framework as an ? +? +n three-body system. We also test the ab initio calculation of the EDM of the deuteron, 3H , and 3He nuclei using the realistic Argonne v 18 nuclear force. In the ab initio calculations, good agreements with previous studies are obtained. We finally discuss the prospects for new physics beyond the standard model.
Enhancement of the CP-odd effect in the nuclear electric dipole moment of $^6$Li
Nodoka Yamanaka; Emiko Hiyama
2015-03-15
We calculate for the first time the electric dipole moment (EDM) of the $^6$Li nucleus within the alpha + p + n three-body cluster model using the Gaussian expansion method, assuming the one meson exchange P, CP-odd nuclear forces. It is found that the EDM of the $^6$Li is 2 times more sensitive on the isovector pion exchange P, CP-odd nuclear force than the deuteron EDM, due to the CP-odd interaction between the nucleons and the alpha cluster. The $^9$Be EDM is also calculated in the same framework as an alpha + alpha + n three-body system. We also test the ab initio calculation of the EDM of the deuteron, $^3$H and $^3$He nuclei using the realistic Argonne $v18$ nuclear force. In the ab initio calculations, good agreements with previous studies are obtained. We finally discuss the prospects for the new physics beyond the standard model.
AIRY TRANSIT CIRCLE (1855-1950) The chronograph shown
Glass, Ian S.
AIRY TRANSIT CIRCLE (1855-1950) The chronograph shown above was used to record the time of a star's transit. The observer pressed a key to put a mark on a tape at the precise time that the star passed. In 1855, during Thomas Maclear's directorship, the Airy Transit Circle was installed in this room
4. NORTH SIDE, AND ROOF, EASTERNMOST CAMERA STAND SHOWN IN ...
4. NORTH SIDE, AND ROOF, EASTERNMOST CAMERA STAND SHOWN IN RIGHT MIDDLE DISTANCE. Looking west from top of protective berm near Air Supply building. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base Sled Track, Firing Control Blockhouse, South of Sled Track at east end, Lancaster, Los Angeles County, CA
59. DETAIL OF THIRD PAYLOAD CONTROL PANEL IN CONSOLE SHOWN ...
59. DETAIL OF THIRD PAYLOAD CONTROL PANEL IN CONSOLE SHOWN IN CA-133-1-A-58. NOTE 20-CHANNEL COMMUNICATIONS PANEL IN FOREGROUND. - Vandenberg Air Force Base, Space Launch Complex 3, Launch Operations Building, Napa & Alden Roads, Lompoc, Santa Barbara County, CA
Contextual view of building 271 from across the river shown ...
Contextual view of building 271 from across the river shown at center between coal sheds at left and building 91 at right; camera facing northwest. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Mechanics Shop, Waterfront Avenue, west side between A Street & Third Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA
9. Tower building. Hot water tap floor shown. Mixing vat ...
9. Tower building. Hot water tap floor shown. Mixing vat at center level. Juices mix and flow and left lower level. Copper kettles are down below view level. Looking toward front of building. - Tivoli-Union Brewery, 1320-1348 Tenth Street, Denver, Denver County, CO
Singular eigenstates in the even(odd) length Heisenberg spin chain
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ranjan Giri, Pulak; Deguchi, Tetsuo
2015-05-01
We study the implications of the regularization for the singular solutions on the even(odd) length spin-1/2 XXX chains in some specific down-spin sectors. In particular, the analytic expressions of the Bethe eigenstates for three down-spin sector have been obtained along with their numerical forms in some fixed length chains. For an even-length chain if the singular solutions \\{{{? }? }\\} are invariant under the sign changes of their rapidities \\{{{? }? }\\}=\\{-{{? }? }\\}, then the Bethe ansatz equations are reduced to a system of (M-2)/2((M-3)/2) equations in an even (odd) down-spin sector. For an odd N length chain in the three down-spin sector, it has been analytically shown that there exist singular solutions in any finite length of the spin chain of the form N=3(2k+1) with k=1,2,3,\\cdots . It is also shown that there exist no singular solutions in the four down-spin sector for some odd-length spin-1/2 XXX chains.
59. Timbers from the lock are shown in one of ...
59. Timbers from the lock are shown in one of two large, unused, waste water settling tanks (near the city of New Haven, at some distance from the lock site). All members have been laid up with contemporary separating ties between them to ensure complete wetting during storage. - Wabash & Erie Canal, Lock No. 2, 8 miles east of Fort Wayne, adjacent to U.S. Route 24, New Haven, Allen County, IN
Vladimir Baryshevsky
2004-02-19
It is shown that in the experiments for search of EDM of an electron (atom, molecule) the T-odd magnetic moment induced by an electric field and the T-odd electric dipole moment induced by a magnetic field will be also measured. It is discussed how to distinguish these contributions.
Middle atmosphere heating by exothermic chemical reactions involving odd-hydrogen species
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Mlynczak, Martin G.; Solomon, Susan
1991-01-01
The rate of heating which occurs in the middle atmosphere due to four exothermic reactions involving members of the odd-hydrogen family is calculated. The following reactions are considered: O + OH yields O2 + H; H + O2 + M yields HO2 + M; H + O3 yields OH + O2; and O + HO2 yields OH + O2. It is shown that the heating rates due to these reactions rival the oxygen-related heating rates conventionally considered in middle-atmosphere models. The conversion of chemical potential energy into molecular translational energy (heat) by these odd-hydrogen reactions is shown to be a significant energy source in the middle atmosphere that has not been previously considered.
Genuine CP-odd Observables at the LHC
Tao Han; Yingchuan Li
2009-11-16
We discuss how to construct genuine CP-odd observables at the LHC. We classify the observables according to the even and odd properties under the naive T-transformation (\\hat{T}). There are two classes of observables of our interests: CP-odd and \\hat{T}-even; CP-odd and \\hat{T}-odd. We expect them to have broad applications to many processes in theories beyond Standard Model with CP violation. For the purpose of illustration, we use simple example of W+W- production and subsequent decays at the LHC, where the CP violation effects are parameterized by effective CP-violating operators of WWZ coupling. We find significant sensitivity to the CP-odd couplings.
Meeting report for "OddPols" 2014: the odds invite an even.
Roy-Engel, Astrid M
2015-02-01
The Ninth International Biennial Conference on RNA Polymerases I and III (the "OddPols") was held on June 19-21, 2014 at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, USA. Sponsored by New England Biolabs, the Cayman Chemical Company, the Rackham Graduate School and the University of Michigan Health System, and organized by David Engelke, Craig Pikaard, Lawrence Rothblum, Andrzej Wierzbicki and Astrid Engel. This year at the conference, the "odds" were increased by expanding the usual topics on the advances in RNA polymerases I and III research to include presentations on RNA polymerase IV and V. The keynote speaker, Craig Pikaard, opened the meeting with his presentation entitled "Five nuclear multisubunit RNA polymerases". The meeting drew attendees from fourteen countries that shared their research discoveries through oral and poster presentations. The talks were organized into 11 sessions covering seven distinct topics. Here we present some of the highlights from the meeting using summaries provided by the participants. PMID:25445280
Isospin and deformation studies in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus {sup 54}Co
Rudolph, D.; Andersson, L.-L.; Ekman, J.; Erten, O.; Fahlander, C.; Johansson, E. K.; Andreoiu, C.; Bengtsson, R.; Ragnarsson, I.; Bentley, M. A.; Williams, S. J.; Carpenter, M. P.; Seweryniak, D.; Charity, R. J.; Reviol, W.; Sarantites, D. G.; Clark, R. M.; Fallon, P.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Svensson, C. E.
2010-11-15
High-spin states in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus {sup 54}Co have been investigated by the fusion-evaporation reaction {sup 28}Si({sup 32}S,1{alpha}1p1n){sup 54}Co. Gamma-ray information gathered with the Ge detector array Gammasphere was correlated with evaporated particles detected in the charged particle detector system Microball and a 1{pi} neutron detector array. A significantly extended excitation scheme of {sup 54}Co is presented, which includes a candidate for the isospin T=1, 6{sup +} state of the 1f{sub 7/2}{sup -2} multiplet. The results are compared to large-scale shell-model calculations in the fp shell. Effective interactions with and without isospin-breaking terms have been used to probe isospin symmetry and isospin mixing. A quest for deformed high-spin rotational cascades proved negative. This feature is discussed by means of cranking calculations.
Odd-even mass difference and isospin dependent pairing interaction
Bertulani, C. A.; Lue, H. F.; Sagawa, H.
2009-08-15
The neutron and proton odd-even mass differences are studied with Hartree-Fock + BCS (HF+BCS) calculations with Skyrme interactions and an isospin dependent contact pairing interaction, which is recently derived from a microscopic nucleon-nucleon interaction. To this end, we perform HF+BCS calculations for even and odd semi-magic tin and lead isotopes together with even and odd Z isotones with N=50 and 82. The filling approximation is applied to the last unoccupied particle in odd nuclei. Comparisons with the experimental data show a clear manifestation of the isospin dependent pairing correlations in both proton and neutron pairing gaps.
Multi-quasiparticle structures up to spin ~44{dirac_h} in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 168}Ta.
Wang, X.; Hartley, D. J.; Riley, M. A.; Riedinger, L. L.; Aguilar, A.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Chowdhury, P.; Darby, I.; Garg, U.; Ijaz, Q.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lakshmi, S.; Lauritsen, T.; Ma, W. C.; McCutchan, E. A.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Seyfried, E. P.; Stefanescu, I.; Tandel, S. K.; Tandel, U. S.; Teal, C.; Vanhoy, J. R.; Zhu, S.
2010-09-15
High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 168}Ta have been populated in the {sup 120}Sn({sup 51}V,3n) reaction. Two multi-quasiparticle structures have been extended significantly from spin {approx}20{h_bar} to above 40{h_bar}. As a result, the first rotational alignment has been fully delineated and a second band crossing has been observed for the first time in this nucleus. Configurations for these strongly coupled rotational bands are proposed based on signature splitting, B(M1)/B(E2) ratio information, and observed rotation-alignment behavior. Properties of the observed bands in {sup 168}Ta are compared to related structures in the neighboring odd-Z, odd-N, and odd-odd nuclei and are discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.
Ganymede Uruk Sulcus High Resolution Mosaic Shown in Context
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
1997-01-01
A mosaic of four Galileo high-resolution images of the Uruk Sulcus region of Jupiter's moon Ganymede (Latitude 11 N, Longitude: 170 W) is shown within the context of an image of the region taken by Voyager 2 in 1979, which in turn is shown within the context of a full-disk image of Ganymede. North is to the top of the picture, and the sun illuminates the surface from the lower left, nearly overhead. The area shown is about 120 by 110 kilometers (75 by 68 miles) in extent and the smallest features that can be discerned are 74 meters (243 feet) in size in the Galileo images and 1.3 kilometers (0.8 miles) in the Voyager data. The higher resolution Galileo images unveil the details of parallel ridges and troughs that are principal features in the brighter regions of Ganymede. High photometric activity (large light contrast at high spatial frequencies) of this ice-rich surface was such that the Galileo camera's hardware data compressor was pushed into truncating lines. The north-south running gap between the left and right halves of the mosaic is a result of line truncation from the normal 800 samples per line to about 540. The images were taken on 27 June, 1996 Universal Time at a range of 7,448 kilometers (4,628 miles) through the clear filter of the Galileo spacecraft's imaging system.
Launched in October 1989, Galileo entered orbit around Jupiter on December 7, 1995. The spacecraft's mission is to conduct detailed studies of the giant planet, its largest moons and the Jovian magnetic environment.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the Galileo mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, DC.
This image and other images and data received from Galileo are posted on the World Wide Web Galileo mission home page at http://galileo.jpl.nasa.gov. Background information and educational context for the images can be found at http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/galileo/sepo.
Stability and change of ODD, CD and ADHD diagnosis in referred preschool children.
Bunte, Tessa L; Schoemaker, Kim; Hessen, David J; van der Heijden, Peter G M; Matthys, Walter
2014-10-01
Longitudinal studies have shown that preschool children's diagnosis of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD), Conduct Disorder (CD) and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) are likely to persist into school age. However, limited attention has been paid to instability of diagnosis. The aim of the present study, therefore, was to investigate both stability and change of ODD, CD and ADHD diagnosis in children aged 3.5-5.5 years. For diagnosing these disorders, a semi-structured diagnostic parent interview, i.e., the Kiddie-Disruptive Behavior Disorder Schedule (K-DBDS), was used at the first assessment and at follow-up assessments (9 and 18 months). Five diagnostic stability groups (chronic, partial remission, full remission, new onset, no diagnosis) were compared with regard to impairment and number of symptoms. Participants were referred preschool children with externalizing behavioral problems (N?=?193; 83% male) and typically developing (TD) children (N?=?58; 71% male). Follow-up assessments allowed to distinguish children belonging to the chronic group of ODD, CD or ADHD from those belonging to one of the remission groups. In addition, there was a substantial number of children with a new onset diagnosis. In conclusion, as a complement to studies showing stability of ODD, CD and ADHD diagnosis into school age, present findings point to changes of diagnosis in the preschool and early school period. Diagnostic reassessments therefore are needed in this age group. PMID:24781411
Gear Durability Shown To Be Improved by Superfinishing
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Krautz, Timothy L.
2000-01-01
Gears, bearings, and similar mechanical elements transmit loads through contacting surfaces. At the NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, we postulated that the fatigue lives of gears could be improved by providing smoother tooth surfaces. A superfinishing process was applied to a set of conventionally ground, aerospace-quality gears. This process produced a highly polished, mirrorlike surface as shown in the preceding photograph. The surface fatigue lives of both superfinished and conventionally ground gears were measured by experiments. The superfinished gears survived about four times longer than the conventionally ground gears. These superfinished gears were produced from conventionally ground, aerospace-quality gears whose geometry had been inspected. The gears were superfinished by placing them in a vibrating bath consisting of water, detergent, abrasive powder, and small pieces of zinc. Upon removal from the bath, the surfaces were highly polished, as depicted in the preceding photograph. The gears were again inspected, and dimensional measurements made before and after the superfinishing operation were compared. Superfinishing removed the peaks of the grinding marks and left a much smoother surface. Profile and spacing checks proved that the overall gear tooth shape was not affected in any harmful way. Superfinishing uniformly removed approximately 2.5 microns from each surface.
More Theoretical Odds and Practical Ends
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Siddons, J. C.
1975-01-01
Illustrates how various common objects can be used in the classroom to demonstrate physical science concepts. Describes the use of toys, ice cubes, light bulbs, meter sticks, and wine bottles as teaching aids. (MLH)
On a no-go theorem for classical Maxwell-Lorentz electrodynamics in odd-dimensional worlds
I. Aharonovich; L. P. Horwitz
2012-03-11
A non-existence theorem of classical electrodynamics in odd-dimensional spacetimes is shown to be invalid. The source of the error is pointed out, and is then demonstrated during the derivation of the fields generated by a uniformly moving point source.
High-spin states and shell structure of the odd-odd nucleus {sup 90}Nb
Cui, X.Z.; Zhang, Z.L.; Meng, R.; Yang, C.X.; Zhu, L.H.; Wu, X.G.; Wang, Z.M.; He, C.Y.; Li, G.S.; Wen, S.X.; Ma, R.G.; Liu, Y.; Luo, P.; Zheng, Y.; Ndontchueng, M.M.; Huo, J.D.
2005-10-01
The high-spin states of the odd-odd nucleus {sup 90}Nb have been investigated with in-beam {gamma}-spectroscopic techniques via the {sup 76}Ge({sup 19}F,5n){sup 90}Nb reaction at a beam energy of 80 MeV. {gamma}-{gamma} coincidences were measured using a {gamma}-ray detector array. Twenty new {gamma} rays have been assigned to {sup 90}Nb and the level scheme has been extended up to an excitation energy of 8.095 MeV at spin 18({Dirac_h}/2{pi}). The level structure of {sup 90}Nb at high spin states has been well reproduced using semiempirical shell-model calculations in the model space {pi}(1p{sub 1/2},0f{sub 5/2},0g{sub 9/2}){nu}(0g{sub 9/2}). The results show that the excitation of protons plays an important role in generating the high-spin states of {sup 90}Nb.
Reinvestigation of the collective band structures in odd-odd 138Pm nucleus
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, H. J.; Xiao, Z. G.; Zhu, S. J.; Qi, C.; Yeoh, E. Y.; Zhang, Z.; Wang, R. S.; Yi, H.; Yan, W. H.; Xu, Q.; Wu, X. G.; He, C. Y.; Zheng, Y.; Li, G. S.; Li, C. B.; Li, H. W.; Liu, J. J.; Hu, S. P.; Wang, J. L.; Yao, S. H.
2015-05-01
The high-spin states in the odd-odd 138Pm nucleus have been reinvestigated via the 124Te(19F, 5 n) reaction at the beam energy of 103 MeV. Most of the known transitions and levels are confirmed. A number of bands are revised and one new band has been established. For the yrast ?h 11/2? ?h 11/2 band based on 8+ state, no evidence supporting the occurence of signature inversion is found. The experimental and theoretical B( M1)/ B( E2) ratios have been calculated for band (2), which support the ?g 7/2[413]5/2+ ? ?h 11/2[514]9/2- Nilsson configuration assignment. Four bands with ?I = 2 transitions are tentatively assigned as doubly decoupled bands. The other three bands are proposed as oblate-triaxial bands. The possible configuration assignments for these bands are also discussed under the calculations of total Routhian surface and particle-rotor model.
BKP and CKP revisited: the odd KP system
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Dimakis, Aristophanes; Müller-Hoissen, Folkert
2009-04-01
By restricting a linear system for the KP hierarchy to those independent variables tn with odd n, its compatibility (Zakharov-Shabat conditions) leads to the 'odd KP hierarchy'. The latter consists of pairs of equations for two dependent variables, taking values in an (typically noncommutative) associative algebra. If the algebra is commutative, the odd KP hierarchy is known to admit reductions to the BKP and the CKP hierarchy. We approach the odd KP hierarchy and its relation to BKP and CKP in different ways, and address the question of whether noncommutative versions of the BKP and the CKP equation (and some of their reductions) exist. In particular, we derive a functional representation of a linear system for the odd KP hierarchy, which in the commutative case produces functional representations of the BKP and CKP hierarchies in terms of a tau function. Furthermore, we consider a functional representation of the KP hierarchy that involves a second (auxiliary) dependent variable and features the odd KP hierarchy directly as a subhierarchy. A method to generate large classes of exact solutions to the KP hierarchy from solutions to a linear matrix ODE system, via a hierarchy of matrix Riccati equations, then also applies to the odd KP hierarchy, and this in turn can be exploited, in particular, to obtain solutions to the BKP and CKP hierarchies.
Topological Blount's theorem of odd-parity superconductors
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kobayashi, Shingo; Shiozaki, Ken; Tanaka, Yukio; Sato, Masatoshi
2014-07-01
Blount's theorem prohibits the existence of line nodes for odd-parity superconductors (SCs) in the presence of spin-orbit coupling (SOC). We studied the topological stability conditions of line nodes under inversion symmetry by generalizing the original statement and establishing a relation to surface zero-energy states. The topological instability of line nodes in odd-parity SCs implies the disappearance of corresponding flat zero-energy surface dispersions due to surface Rashba SOC, which provides an experimental means to distinguish line nodes in odd-parity SCs from those in other SCs.
Turc, Catalin
EXAMPLE CURRICULUM OUTLINE FOR B.A. MAJOR IN ENVIRONMENTAL GEOLOGY For matriculants entering in odd) SOPHMORE (Even Years) EEPS 110, Physical Geology (3)b EEPS 119, Geology Laboratory (1) PHYS 115 Geology (3) c EEPS 391, Senior Project (2) STAT 201, Basic Statistics for Social and Life Sciences (3
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Santhosh, K. P.; Priyanka, B.
2015-08-01
The predictions on the mode of decay of the odd-even and odd-odd isotopes of heavy and superheavy nuclei with Z = 99- 129, in the range 228 ? A ? 336, have been done within the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). A comparison of our calculated alpha half lives with the values computed using other theoretical models shows good agreement with each other. An extensive study on the spontaneous fission half lives of all the isotopes under study has been performed to identify the long-lived isotopes in the mass region. The study reveals that the alpha decay half lives and the mode of decay of the isotopes with Z = 109, 111, 113, 115 and 117, evaluated using our formalisms, agree well with the experimental observations. As our study on the odd-even and odd-odd isotopes of Z = 99- 129 predicts that, the isotopes 238,240-25499, 244,246-258101, 248,250,252-260,262103, 254,256,258-262,264105, 258,260,262-264,266107, 262,264,266-274109, 266,268-279111, 270-284,286113, 272-289,291115, 274-299117, 276-307119, 281-314121, 287-320,322123, 295-325125, 302-327127 and 309-329129 survive fission and have alpha decay channel as the prominent mode of decay, these nuclei could possibly be synthesized in the laboratory and this could be of great interest to the experimentalists. The behavior of these nuclei against the proton decay has also been studied to identify the probable proton emitters in this region of nuclei.
K. P. Santhosh; B. Priyanka
2015-04-03
The predictions on the mode of decay of the odd-even and odd-odd isotopes of heavy and superheavy nuclei with Z = 99-129, in the range 228 \\leg A \\leg 336, have been done within the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). A comparison of our calculated alpha half lives with the values computed using other theoretical models shows good agreement with each other. An extensive study on the spontaneous fission half lives of all the isotopes under study has been performed to identify the long-lived isotopes in the mass region. The study reveals that the alpha decay half lives and the mode of decay of the isotopes with Z = 109, 111, 113, 115 and 117, evaluated using our formalisms, agrees well with the experimental observations. As our study on the odd-even and odd-odd isotopes of Z = 99-129 predicts that, the isotopes $^{238,240-254}$99, $^{244,246-258}$101, $^{248,250,252-260,262}$103, $^{254,256,258-262,264}$105, $^{258,260,262-264,266}$107, $^{262,264,266-274}$109, $^{266,268-279}$111, $^{270-284,286}$113, $^{272-289,291}$115, $^{274-299}$117, $^{276-307}$119, $^{281-314}$121, $^{287-320,322}$123, $^{295-325}$125, $^{302-327}$127 and $^{309-329}$129 survive fission and have alpha decay channel as the prominent mode of decay, these nuclei could possibly be synthesized in the laboratory and this could be of great interest to the experimentalists. The behaviour of these nuclei against the proton decay has also been studied to identify the probable proton emitters in this region of nuclei.
Military Deployment Tied to Greater Odds of Child Abuse, Neglect
... html Military Deployment Tied to Greater Odds of Child Abuse, Neglect Periods during and just after deployment ... said Dr. Bob Sege, a pediatrician specializing in child abuse and vice president of Health Resources in ...
Ebola Blood Level May Predict Odds of Death, Study Says
... html Ebola Blood Level May Predict Odds of Death, Study Says Scientists hope findings will point toward ... patient's blood can strongly predict the risk of death, a new study finds. Researchers evaluated data on ...
Male Infertility Might Signal Higher Odds of Testicular Cancer
... nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_155748.html Male Infertility Might Signal Higher Odds of Testicular Cancer Abnormally ... men who underwent semen analysis as part of infertility treatment between 1996 and 2011. They were compared ...
MOST ODD DEGREE HYPERELLIPTIC CURVES HAVE ONLY ONE RATIONAL POINT
Poonen, Bjorn
MOST ODD DEGREE HYPERELLIPTIC CURVES HAVE ONLY ONE RATIONAL POINT BJORN POONEN AND MICHAEL STOLL Mathematics Subject Classification. Primary 11G30; Secondary 14G25, 14G40, 14K15, 14K20. Key words and phrases
Dogs in The Home May Lower Kids' Odds for Asthma
... nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_155478.html Dogs in the Home May Lower Kids' Odds for ... MONDAY, Nov. 2, 2015 (HealthDay News) -- Exposure to dogs or farm animals early in life appears to ...
An investigation of the solar cycle response of odd-nitrogen in the thermosphere
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Rusch, David W.; Solomon, Stanley C.
1992-01-01
This annual report covers the first year of funding for the study of the solar cycle variations of odd-nitrogen (N((sup 2)D), N((sup 4)S), NO) in the Earth's thermosphere. The study uses the extensive data base generated by the Atmosphere Explorer (AE) satellites, and the Solar Mesosphere Explorer Satellite. The AE data are being used, for the first time, to define the solar variability effect on the odd-nitrogen species through analysis of the emissions at 520 nano-m from N((sup 2)D) and the emission from O(+)((sup 2)P). Additional AE neutral and ion density data are used to help define and quantify the physical processes controlling the variations. The results from the airglow study will be used in the next two years of this study to explain the solar cycle changes in NO measured by the Solar Mesosphere Explorer.
Adolfo Cisterna; Miguel Cruz; Térence Delsate; Joel Saavedra
2015-09-05
We derive the odd parity perturbation equation in scalar-tensor theories with a non minimal kinetic coupling sector of the general Horndeski theory, where the kinetic term is coupled to the metric and the Einstein tensor. We derive the potential of the perturbation, by identifying a master function and switching to tortoise coordinates. We then prove the mode stability under linear odd- parity perturbations of hairy black holes in this sector of Horndeski theory, when a cosmological constant term in the action is included. Finally, we comment on the existence of slowly rotating black hole solutions in this setup and discuss their implications on the physics of compact objects configurations, such as neutron stars.
Influence of secondary decay on odd-even staggering of fragment cross sections
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Winkelbauer, J. R.; Souza, S. R.; Tsang, M. B.
2013-10-01
Odd-even staggering (OES) appears in many areas of nuclear physics and is generally associated with the pairing term in the nuclear binding energy. To explore this effect, we use the improved statistical multifragmentation model to populate an ensemble of hot primary fragments, which are then de-excited using the Weisskopf-Ewing statistical emission formalism. The yields are then compared to experimental data. Our results show that, before secondary decay, OES appears only in the yields of even mass fragments and not in the yields of odd mass fragments. De-excitation of the hot fragments must be taken into account to describe the data, suggesting that the OES in fragment yields is a useful criterion for validating or adjusting theoretical de-excitation models.
P-odd, P-even, and T-odd asymmetries in true quaternary fission of nuclei
Kadmensky, S. G. Titova, L. V.
2013-04-15
The coefficients of P-odd, P-even, and T -odd asymmetries for a third and a fourth prescission particle emitted in the true quaternary fission of nuclei that was induced by polarized cold neutrons were studied on the basis of quantum-mechanical fission theory. By using non-evaporation (nonadiabatic) mechanisms of light-particle emission, these coefficients were compared with the analogous coefficients for prescission third particles emitted in the ternary fission of nuclei.
Interventions shown to Aid Executive Function Development in Children 4–12 Years Old *
Diamond, Adele; Lee, Kathleen
2011-01-01
To be successful takes creativity, flexibility, self-control, and discipline. Central to all those are ‘executive functions,’ including mentally playing with ideas, giving a considered rather than an impulsive response, and staying focused. Diverse activities have been shown to improve children’s executive functions – computerized training, non-computerized games, aerobics, martial arts, yoga, mindfulness, and school curricula. Central to all these is repeated practice and constantly challenging executive functions. Children with worse executive functions initially, benefit most; thus early executive-function training may avert widening achievement gaps later. To improve executive functions, focusing narrowly on them may not be as effective as also addressing emotional and social development (as do curricula that improve executive functions) and physical development (shown by positive effects of aerobics, martial arts, and yoga). PMID:21852486
Ezpeleta, Lourdes; Granero, Roser
2015-09-01
Executive functioning in 3-year-old preschoolers with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional-defiant disorder (ODD), comorbid ADHD+ODD, and children without any of these conditions (control group) was examined. A community sample including 622 children was diagnosed using a diagnostic interview following DSM-IV criteria, and assessed using the Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function Preschool version (BRIEF-P) and the Kiddie-Conners' Continuous Performance Test. The children diagnosed with ADHD showed the poorest executive function (EF) profile in comparison with controls, and were closely followed up in this respect by the comorbid ADHD+ODD children. The ADHD and comorbid groups presented similar executive difficulties. The ODD group obtained mean scores statistically equal to those of controls in EF. These findings suggest that, in preschoolers, executive functioning deficits assessed with a performance-based measure or with behavioural descriptions are specific to children with ADHD, in comparison with those with ODD. This study contributes knowledge about EFs in two prevalent and comorbid disorders in preschool children, ADHD and ODD, knowledge that can help our understanding of specific deficits and the design of specific early intervention initiatives. PMID:24966035
Particle-number conservation in odd mass proton-rich nuclei in the isovector pairing case
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fellah, M.; Allal, N. H.; Oudih, M. R.
2015-06-01
An expression of a wave function which describes odd-even systems in the isovector pairing case is proposed within the BCS approach. It is shown that it correctly generalizes the one used in the pairing between like-particles case. It is then projected on the good proton and neutron numbers using the Sharp-BCS (SBCS) method. The expressions of the expectation values of the particle-number operator and its square, as well as the energy, are deduced in both approaches. The formalism is applied to study the isovector pairing effect and the number projection one on the ground state energy of odd mass N ? Z nuclei using the single-particle energies of a deformed Woods-Saxon mean-field. It is shown that both effects on energy do not exceed 2%, however, the absolute deviations may reach several MeV. Moreover, the np pairing effect rapidly diminishes as a function of (N - Z). The deformation effect is also studied. It is shown that the np pairing effect, either before or after the projection, as well as the projection effect, when including or not the isovector pairing, depends upon the deformation. However, it seems that the predicted ground state deformation will remain the same in the four approaches.
Odd cloud in the Ross Sea, Antarctica
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
2002-01-01
On January 28, 2002, MODIS captured this image of an interesting cloud formation in the boundary waters between Antarctica's Ross Sea and the Southern Ocean. A dragon? A snake? A fish? No, but it is an interesting example of the atmospheric physics of convection. The 'eye' of this dragon-looking cloud is likely a small spot of convection, the process by which hot moist air rises up into the atmosphere, often producing big, fluffy clouds as moisture in the air condenses as rises into the colder parts of the atmosphere. A false color analysis that shows different kinds of clouds in different colors reveals that the eye is composed of ice crystals while the 'body' is a liquid water cloud. This suggests that the eye is higher up in the atmosphere than the body. The most likely explanation for the eye feature is that the warm, rising air mass had enough buoyancy to punch through the liquid water cloud. As a convective parcel of air rises into the atmosphere, it pushes the colder air that is higher up out of its way. That cold air spills down over the sides of the convective air mass, and in this case has cleared away part of the liquid cloud layer below in the process. This spilling over of cold air from higher up in the atmosphere is the reason why thunderstorms are often accompanied by a cool breeze. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC
Characterization of isomers in the neutron-rich odd-odd nucleus {sup 156}Pm
Sood, P. C.; Gowrishankar, R; Sai, K. Vijay; Sainath, M.
2011-02-15
Critical examination of the experimental data from {sup 156}Nd and {sup 156}Pm {beta} decays and the observed location of relevant neutron and proton orbitals in the neighboring odd-A isotones and isotopes, taken together with the low-lying two-quasiparticle (2qp) structures expected in {sup 156}Pm from the rotor-particle model, lead to the conclusion that a consistent description of all the available data is achieved with the I{sup {pi}}=4{sup +} spin-parity assignment to the 26.7s {sup 156}Pm ground state (g.s.) and assignment of I{sup {pi}}=1{sup +} to its 150.3-keV isomer with the 2qp configuration 4{sub g.s.}{sup +}{l_brace}p{sub o}:5/2[532{up_arrow}]{+-}n{sub o}:3/2[521{up_arrow}]{r_brace}1{sub 150}{sup +}. In the process, a two-neutron configuration is also suggested for the 1509-keV 4{sup +} level in the daughter nucleus {sup 156}Sm. The present analysis reiterates the important question of whether the {beta}-decay log ft value, by itself, can be employed to deduce the relative parity of the {beta}-connected states.
Use of prior odds for missing persons identifications
2011-01-01
Identification of missing persons from mass disasters is based on evaluation of a number of variables and observations regarding the combination of features derived from these variables. DNA typing now is playing a more prominent role in the identification of human remains, and particularly so for highly decomposed and fragmented remains. The strength of genetic associations, by either direct or kinship analyses, is often quantified by calculating a likelihood ratio. The likelihood ratio can be multiplied by prior odds based on nongenetic evidence to calculate the posterior odds, that is, by applying Bayes' Theorem, to arrive at a probability of identity. For the identification of human remains, the path creating the set and intersection of variables that contribute to the prior odds needs to be appreciated and well defined. Other than considering the total number of missing persons, the forensic DNA community has been silent on specifying the elements of prior odds computations. The variables include the number of missing individuals, eyewitness accounts, anthropological features, demographics and other identifying characteristics. The assumptions, supporting data and reasoning that are used to establish a prior probability that will be combined with the genetic data need to be considered and justified. Otherwise, data may be unintentionally or intentionally manipulated to achieve a probability of identity that cannot be supported and can thus misrepresent the uncertainty with associations. The forensic DNA community needs to develop guidelines for objectively computing prior odds. PMID:21707977
Even and odd Wigner negative binomial states: Nonclassical properties
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mojaveri, B.; Dehghani, A.
2015-10-01
By using Wigner-Heisenberg algebra (WHA) and its Fock representation, even and odd Wigner negative binomial states (WNBSs) |M,?,?>±W (? = 0 corresponds to the ordinary even and odd negative binomial states (NBSs)) are introduced. These states can be reduced to the Wigner cat states in special limit. We establish the resolution of identity property for them through a positive definite measure on the unit disc. Some of their nonclassical properties, such as Mandel’s parameter and quadrature squeezing have been investigated numerically. We show that in contrast with the even NBSs, even WNBSs may exhibit sub-Poissonian statistics. Also squeezing in the field quadratures appears for both even and odd WNBSs. It is found that the deformation parameter ? plays an essential role in displaying highly nonclassical behaviors.
Fluctuation theorems and entropy production with odd-parity variables.
Lee, Hyun Keun; Kwon, Chulan; Park, Hyunggyu
2013-02-01
We show that the total entropy production in stochastic processes with odd-parity variables (under time reversal) is separated into three parts, only two of which satisfy the integral fluctuation theorems in general. One is the usual excess contribution that can appear only transiently and is called nonadiabatic. Another one is attributed solely to the breakage of detailed balance. The last part that does not satisfy the fluctuation theorem comes from the steady-state distribution asymmetry for odd-parity variables that is activated in a nontransient manner. The latter two parts combine together as the housekeeping (adiabatic) contribution, whose positivity is not guaranteed except when the excess contribution completely vanishes. Our finding reveals that the equilibrium requires the steady-state distribution symmetry for odd-parity variables independently, in addition to the usual detailed balance. PMID:23414010
Estimating Regression Parameters in an Extended Proportional Odds Model
Chen, Ying Qing; Hu, Nan; Cheng, Su-Chun; Musoke, Philippa; Zhao, Lue Ping
2012-01-01
The proportional odds model may serve as a useful alternative to the Cox proportional hazards model to study association between covariates and their survival functions in medical studies. In this article, we study an extended proportional odds model that incorporates the so-called “external” time-varying covariates. In the extended model, regression parameters have a direct interpretation of comparing survival functions, without specifying the baseline survival odds function. Semiparametric and maximum likelihood estimation procedures are proposed to estimate the extended model. Our methods are demonstrated by Monte-Carlo simulations, and applied to a landmark randomized clinical trial of a short course Nevirapine (NVP) for mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1). Additional application includes analysis of the well-known Veterans Administration (VA) Lung Cancer Trial. PMID:22904583
Odd-Even Staggering of Nuclear Masses: Pairing or Shape Effect?
W. Satu?a; J. Dobaczewski; W. Nazarewicz
1998-04-23
The odd-even staggering of nuclear masses was recognized in the early days of nuclear physics. Recently, a similar effect was discovered in other finite fermion systems, such as ultrasmall metallic grains and metal clusters. It is believed that the staggering in nuclei and grains is primarily due to pairing correlations (superconductivity), while in clusters it is caused by the Jahn-Teller effect. We find that, for light and medium-mass nuclei, the staggering has two components. The first one originates from pairing while the second, comparable in magnitude, has its roots in the deformed mean field.
Tricomplex dynamical systems generated by polynomials of odd degree
Pierre-Olivier Parisé; Dominic Rochon
2015-11-05
In this article, we give the exact interval of the cross section of the Multibrot sets generated by the polynomial $z^p+c$ where $z$ and $c$ are complex numbers and $p > 2$ is an odd integer. Furthermore, we show that the same Multibrots defined on the hyperbolic numbers are always squares. Moreover, we give a generalized 3D version of the hyperbolic Multibrot set and prove that our generalization is an octahedron for a specific 3D slice of the tricomplex polynomial $\\eta^p+c$ where $p > 2$ is an odd integer.
Tricomplex dynamical systems generated by polynomials of odd degree
Pierre-Olivier Parisé; Dominic Rochon
2015-11-26
In this article, we give the exact interval of the cross section of the Multibrot sets generated by the polynomial $z^p+c$ where $z$ and $c$ are complex numbers and $p > 2$ is an odd integer. Furthermore, we show that the same Multibrots defined on the hyperbolic numbers are always squares. Moreover, we give a generalized 3D version of the hyperbolic Multibrot set and prove that our generalization is an octahedron for a specific 3D slice of the tricomplex polynomial $\\eta^p+c$ where $p > 2$ is an odd integer.
Low-spin identical bands in odd-A nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baktash, C.; Garrett, J. D.; Winchell, D. F.; Smith, A.
A comprehensive study of odd-A rotational bands in normally-deformed rare-earth nuclei indicates that a large number of seniority-one configurations (30 pct. for odd-Z nuclei) at low spin have moments of inertia nearly identical to that of the seniority-zero configuration of the neighboring even-even nucleus with one less nucleon. It is difficult to reconcile these results with conventional models, based on the traditional picture of nuclear pair correlation in vogue for more than three decades, which predict variations of about 15 pct. in the moments of inertia of configurations differing by one unit in seniority.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Callis, L. B.; Natarajan, M.
1986-01-01
Photochemical calculations along 'diabatic trajectories' in the meridional phase are used to search for the cause of the dramatic springtime minimum in Antarctic column ozone. The results indicate that the minimum is principally due to catalytic destruction of ozone by high levels of total odd nitrogen. Calculations suggest that these levels of odd nitrogen are transported within the polar vortex and during the polar night from the middle to upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere to the lower stratosphere. The possibility that these levels are related to the 11-year solar cycle and are increased by enhanced formation in the thermosphere and mesosphere during solar maximum conditions is discussed.
Sears, T.J.; Alphei, L.D.; Grabow, J.-U.; Petrov, A.N.; Mawhorter, R.; Murphy, B.; Baum, A.; Yang, T. Zh.; Rupasinghe, P.M.; McRaven, C.P.; Shafer-Ray, N.E.
2011-04-21
Here we report precision microwave spectroscopy of pure rotational transitions of the {sup 207}Pb{sup 19}F isotopologue. We use these data to make predictions of the sensitivity of the molecule to P-odd, T-even and P-odd, T-odd effects.
Supplement to A Limitation of the Diagnostic-Odds
Boehning, Dankmar
for a Continuous Diagnostic Test Dankmar B¨ohning Applied Statistics, School of Biological Sciences University-off value on the basis of the maximized diagnostic odds ratio. We show that for the case of a normal person correctly, whereas the specificity measures the capability of diagnosing a healthy person
Chapter 3: Section 3-6 Risks & Odds
Ghahramani, Melody
the prospective study of polio and the Salk vaccine. October 13, 2015 1 / 17 #12;Chapter 3: Section 3-6 Risks & Odds Want to use probability to measure risk. Consider the prospective study of polio and the Salk vaccine. Result: Among 200,745 children injected with the Salk vaccine, 33 developed poliomyelitis. i.e. P(polio
CP-odd phase correlations and electric dipole moments
Olive, Keith A.; Pospelov, Maxim; Ritz, Adam; Santoso, Yudi
2005-10-01
We revisit the constraints imposed by electric dipole moments (EDMs) of nucleons and heavy atoms on new CP-violating sources within supersymmetric theories. We point out that certain two-loop renormalization group corrections induce significant mixing between the basis-invariant CP-odd phases. In the framework of the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model, the CP-odd invariant related to the soft trilinear A-phase at the grand unified theory (GUT) scale, {theta}{sub A}, induces nontrivial and distinct CP-odd phases for the three gaugino masses at the weak scale. The latter give one-loop contributions to EDMs enhanced by tan{beta}, and can provide the dominant contribution to the electron EDM induced by {theta}{sub A}. We perform a detailed analysis of the EDM constraints within the constrained minimal supersymmetric standard model, exhibiting the reach, in terms of sparticle spectra, which may be obtained assuming generic phases, as well as the limits on the CP-odd phases for some specific parameter points where detailed phenomenological studies are available. We also illustrate how this reach will expand with results from the next generation of experiments which are currently in development.
Struggling Readers: High-Poverty Schools that Beat the Odds
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Cunningham, Patricia M.
2006-01-01
Poverty is a strong predictor of lack of academic success in reading, and schools serving high-poverty populations are more likely to show weak performance in high-stakes tests. But some schools manage to beat these odds, with students outperforming peers from more advantaged neighborhoods. Why? The author showcases six high-poverty schools where…
Are the Odds Against the Origin of Life Too Great?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Carrier, Richard
2000-01-01
Statistics are offered to "prove" odds against the origin of life. Presents a summary analysis of all known examples to be used to check these claims whenever they are brought up in conversations, debates, books, or articles. Addresses scientific work misused by anti-evolutionists and the pseudoscientific assertions of the anti-evolutionists…
NEW LOWER BOUNDS FOR CONVEX HULL PROBLEMS IN ODD DIMENSIONS
Erickson, Jeff
. In 1970, Chand and Ka- pur 13] described a "gift-wrapping" algorithm that constructs convex hulls in arNEW LOWER BOUNDS FOR CONVEX HULL PROBLEMS IN ODD DIMENSIONS JEFF ERICKSONy Abstract. We show that in the worst case, (ndd=2e;1 +n logn) sidedness queries are required to determine whether the convex hull of n
New Lower Bounds for Convex Hull Problems in Odd Dimensions
Erickson, Jeff
described an algorithm that constructs the convex hull of n points in the plane in O(nlogn) time 15] describes an algorithm for constructing convex hulls in IRd in time O(nbd=2c + nlogn). Since an nNew Lower Bounds for Convex Hull Problems in Odd Dimensions Je Erickson Computer Science Division
A Study of Odd- and Even-Number Cultures
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Nishiyama, Yutaka
2006-01-01
Japanese prefer odd numbers, whereas Westerners emphasize even numbers, an observation that is clear from the distribution of number-related words in Japanese and English dictionaries. In this article, the author explains why these two cultures differ by surveying the history of numbers, including yin-yang thought from ancient China, ancient Greek…
ON THE DECOMPOSITION NUMBERS OF STEINBERG'S TRIALITY ) IN ODD CHARACTERISTICS
Himstedt, Frank
ON THE DECOMPOSITION NUMBERS OF STEINBERG'S TRIALITY GROUPS 3 D4(2n ) IN ODD CHARACTERISTICS FRANK HIMSTEDT AND SHIH-CHANG HUANG ABSTRACT. We determine the -modular decomposition matrices of Steinberg up to a certain degree. 1. INTRODUCTION The -modular decomposition matrices of Steinberg's triality
Biosynthesis of odd-chain fatty alcohols in Escherichia coli.
Cao, Ying-Xiu; Xiao, Wen-Hai; Liu, Duo; Zhang, Jin-Lai; Ding, Ming-Zhu; Yuan, Ying-Jin
2015-05-01
Engineered microbes offer the opportunity to design and implement artificial molecular pathways for renewable production of tailored chemical commodities. Targeted biosynthesis of odd-chain fatty alcohols is very challenging in microbe, due to the specificity of fatty acids synthase for two-carbon unit elongation. Here, we developed a novel strategy to directly tailor carbon number in fatty aldehydes formation step by incorporating ?-dioxygenase (?DOX) from Oryza sativa (rice) into Escherichia coli ?DOX oxidizes Cn fatty acids (even-chain) to form Cn-1 fatty aldehydes (odd-chain). Through combining ?DOX with fatty acyl-acyl carrier protein (-ACP) thioesterase (TE) and aldehyde reductase (AHR), the medium odd-chain fatty alcohols profile (C11, C13, C15) was firstly established in E. coli. Also, medium even-chain alkanes (C12, C14) were obtained by substitution of AHR to aldehyde decarbonylase (AD). The titer of odd-chain fatty alcohols was improved from 7.4mg/L to 101.5mg/L in tube cultivation by means of fine-tuning endogenous fatty acyl-ACP TE (TesA'), ?DOX, AHRs and the genes involved in fatty acids metabolism pathway. Through high cell density fed-batch fermentation, a titer of 1.95g/L odd-chain fatty alcohols was achieved, which was the highest reported titer in E. coli. Our system has greatly expanded the current microbial fatty alcohols profile that provides a new brand solution for producing complex and desired molecules in microbes. PMID:25773521
Antiferromagnetic molecular nanomagnets with odd-numbered coupled spins
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Owerre, S. A.; Nsofini, J.
2015-05-01
In recent years, studies on cyclic molecular nanomagnets have captivated the attention of researchers. These magnets are finite in size and contain very large spins. They are interesting because they possess macroscopic quantum tunneling of Néel vectors. For antiferromagnetic molecular nanomagnets with finite number of even-numbered coupled spins, tunneling involves two classical localized Néel ground states separated by a magnetic energy barrier. The question is: can such phenomena be observed in nanomagnets with odd number of magnetic ions? The answer is not directly obvious because cyclic chains with odd-numbered coupled spins are frustrated as one cannot obtain a perfect Néel order. These frustrated spins can indeed be observed experimentally, so they are of interest. In this letter, we theoretically investigate macroscopic quantum tunneling in this odd spin system with arbitrary spins s, in the presence of a magnetic field applied along the plane of the magnet. In contrast to systems with an even-numbered coupled spins, the ground state of the cyclic odd-spin system contains a topological soliton due to spin frustration. Thus, the classical ground state is 2N-fold degenerate as the soliton can be placed anywhere along the ring with total S_z=+/- s . Small quantum fluctuations delocalize the soliton with a formation of an energy band. We obtain this energy band using degenerate perturbation theory at order 2s. We show that the soliton ground state is chiral for half-odd integer spins and non-chiral for integer spins. From the structure of the energy band we infer that as the value of the spin increases the inelastic polarized neutron-scattering intensity may increase or decrease depending on the strengths of the parameters of the Hamiltonian.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Isaksen, I. S. A.; Hesstvedt, E.
1973-01-01
In the lower stratosphere a significant production of odd nitrogen results from the reaction N2O + O(D-1) yields 2NO. Since the transport is relatively slow, odd nitrogen builds up with a maximum mixing ratio of 2 x 10 to the minus 8th power at 30 Km. Profiles of odd nitrogen, for different latitudes, winter and summer, are computed from one-dimensional transport models. Variations with latitude are small. Horizontal transport is therefore not believed to alter our results significantly. In order to evaluate the effect of odd nitrogen upon the ozone layer, NO(x) profiles are calculated. OH is here a key component, since it converts NO2 to HNO3. In the region where ozone is determined by chemistry rather than by transport (above 25 km), NO2 is found to be relatively abundant. The effect of stratospheric transport on the NO(x) distribution is shown to depend critically upon the height of emission. The effect increases by a factor of 5 or more for a change of flight level from 18 km to 23 km. This strong dependence should be duely considered when future stratospheric transport is discussed.
Origin of the tail in Green's functions in odd dimensional space-times
De-Chang Dai; Dejan Stojkovic
2013-10-30
It is well known that the scalar field Green's function in odd dimensions has a tail, i.e. a non-zero support inside the light cone, which in turn implies that the Huygens' principle is violated. However, the reason behind this behavior is still not quite clear. In this paper we shed more light on the physical origin of the tail by regularizing the term which is usually ignored in the literature since it vanishes due to the action of the delta function. With this extra term the Green's function does not satisfy the source-free wave equation (in the region outside of the source). We show that this term corresponds to a charge imprinted on the light cone shell. Unlike the vector field charge, a moving scalar field charge is not Lorentz invariant and is contracted by the relativistic $\\sqrt{1-v^2}$ factor. If a scalar charge is moving at the speed of light, it appears to be zero in the static (with respect to the original physical charge) observer's frame. However, the field it sources is not entirely on the light cone. Thus, it is likely that this hidden charge sources the mysterious tail in odd dimensions.
Aguilar, A.; Hartley, D. J.; Riley, M. A.; Teal, C.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chowdhury, P.; Danchev, M.; Djongolov, M. K.; Hagemann, G. B.; Hecht, A. A.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lauritsen, T.; Ma, W. C.; Mohr, W. H.; Moore, E. F.; Odegard, S. W.; Riedinger, L. L.; Sletten, G.; Tandel, S. K.; Vanhoy, J. R.; Wang, X.; Zhu, S.; Florida State Univ.; U.S. Naval Academy; Univ. of Massachusetts; Univ. of Tennessee; Niels Bohr Inst.; Mississippi State Univ.; Univ. of Oslo
2010-01-01
High-spin states (I?50?) of the odd-odd nucleus 170Ta have been investigated with the 124Sn(51V,5n) reaction. The resolving power of Gammasphere has allowed for the observation of eleven rotational bands (eight of which are new) and over 430 transitions ( 350 of which are new) in this nucleus. Many interband transitions have been observed such that the relative spins and excitation energies of the 11 bands have been established. This is an unusual circumstance in an odd-odd study. Configurations have been assigned to most of these bands based upon features such as alignment properties, band crossings, B(M1)/B(E2) ratios, and the additivity of Routhians. A systematic study of the frequency at which normal signature ordering occurs in the ?h9/2?i13/2 band has been performed and it is found that its trend is opposite to that observed in the ?h11/2?i13/2 bands. A possible interpretation of these trends is discussed based on a proton-neutron interaction.
Afanasjev, A.V.; Ragnarsson, I. )
1995-03-01
The low-spin features of odd-mass nuclei in the [ital Z][similar to]62, [ital N][similar to]90 region, for which stable octupole deformations has been previously suggested, are studied without introducing the static intrinsic reflection asymmetry (SIRA). Calculations using a Woods-Saxon potential and taking into account the Coriolis mixing show that most properties can be described in this approximation. Furthermore, the calculated polarization energies of octupole-driving orbitals are not large enough to support the existence of SIRA at low spin in this region.
Type of Diabetes Mellitus and the Odds of Gleason Score 8 to 10 Prostate Cancer
Kang, Josephine; Chen Minghui; Zhang Yuanye; Moran, Brian J.; Dosoretz, Daniel E.; Katin, Michael J.; Braccioforte, Michelle H.; Salenius, Sharon A.; D'Amico, Anthony V.
2012-03-01
Purpose: It has been recently shown that diabetes mellitus (DM) is significantly associated with the likelihood of presenting with high-grade prostate cancer (PCa) or Gleason score (GS) 8 to 10; however, whether this association holds for both Type 1 and 2 DM is unknown. In this study we evaluated whether DM Type 1, 2, or both are associated with high-grade PCa after adjusting for known predictors of high-grade disease. Methods and Materials: Between 1991 and 2010, a total of 15,330 men diagnosed with PCa and treated with radiation therapy were analyzed. A polychotomous logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate whether Type 1 or 2 DM was associated with odds of GS 7 or GS 8 to 10 compared with 6 or lower PCa, adjusting for African American race, age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, and digital rectal examination findings. Results: Men with Type 1 DM (adjusted odds ratio [AOR], 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28-3.27; p = 0.003) or Type 2 DM (AOR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.26-1.99; p < 0.001) were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with GS 8 to 10 PCa compared with nondiabetic men. However this was not true for GS 7, for which these respective results were AOR, 1.30; 95% CI, 0.93-1.82; p = 0.12 and AOR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.98-1.32; p = 0.10. Conclusion: Type 1 and 2 DM were associated with a higher odds of being diagnosed with Gleason score 8 to 10 but not 7 PCa. Pending validation, men who are diagnosed with Type I DM with GS 7 or lower should be considered for additional workup to rule out occult high-grade disease.
J/Psi dissociation in parity-odd bubbles
Kirill Tuchin
2011-10-26
We calculate the quarkonium dissociation rate in the P and CP-odd domains (bubbles) that were possibly created in heavy-ion collisions. In the presence of the magnetic field produced by the valence quarks of colliding ions, parity-odd domains generate electric field. Quarkonium dissociation is the result of quantum tunneling of quark or antiquark through the potential barrier in this electric field. The strength of the electric field in the quarkonium comoving frame depends on the quarkonium velocity with respect to the background magnetic field. We investigate momentum, electric field strength and azimuthal dependence of the dissociation rate. Azimuthal distribution of quarkonia surviving in the electromagnetic field is strongly anisotropic; the form of anisotropy depends on the relation between the electric and magnetic fields and quarkonium momentum. These features can be used to explore the properties of the electromagnetic field created in heavy ion collisions.
[Translation of the English term odds ratio as oportunidad relativa].
Martín-Moreno, J M; Banegas, J R
1997-01-01
In the present work we argue for the translation of the English term odds ratio, a term of formal anti-natural esthetics for the Spanish-speaking and with added phonetic difficulties, for oportunidad relativa. These words respect the English abbreviation OR facilitating the expression of consistent formulations which may be directly translated, as well as communication between users, since the linguistic confusion due to the present abundance of terms used in Spanish, is reduced to one. Our justifications are mainly syntactic and semantic and reflect reasonable comparability between the terms odds ratio and oportunidad relativa. Reviews of some of the most prestigious dictionaries of the English and the Spanish languages lend additional support to our proposition. PMID:9092101
Shape phase transitions in odd-A nuclei
Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M.; Fortunato, L.; Vitturi, A.
2008-11-11
We investigate shape phase transitions in odd nuclei within the Interacting Boson Fermion Model. Special attention is given to the case of the transition from the vibrational behaviour to the stable axial deformation. The odd particle is assumed to be moving in the three single particle orbitals j = 1/2,3/2,5/2 with a boson-fermion Hamiltonian that leads to the occurrence of the SU{sup BF}(3) boson-fermion symmetry when the boson part approaches the SU(3) condition. Both energy spectra and electromagnetic transitions show characteristic patterns similar to those displayed by the even nuclei at the corresponding critical point. The role of the additional particle in characterizing the properties of the critical points in finite quantal systems is investigated by resorting to the formalism based on the intrinsic frame.
Investigation of odd-order nonlinear susceptibilities in atomic vapors
Yan, Yaqi; Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Information Photonic Technique, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049; Teaching and Research Section of Maths and Physics, Guangzhou Commanding Academy of Chinese People’s Armed Police Force, Guangzhou, 510440 ; Wu, Zhenkun; Si, Jinhai; Yan, Lihe; Zhang, Yiqi; Yuan, Chenzhi; Sun, Jia; Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Information Photonic Technique, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049 ; Zhang, Yanpeng; Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Information Photonic Technique, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049
2013-06-15
We theoretically deduce the macroscopic symmetry constraints for arbitrary odd-order nonlinear susceptibilities in homogeneous media including atomic vapors for the first time. After theoretically calculating the expressions using a semiclassical method, we demonstrate that the expressions for third- and fifth-order nonlinear susceptibilities for undressed and dressed four- and six-wave mixing (FWM and SWM) in atomic vapors satisfy the macroscopic symmetry constraints. We experimentally demonstrate consistence between the macroscopic symmetry constraints and the semiclassical expressions for atomic vapors by observing polarization control of FWM and SWM processes. The experimental results are in reasonable agreement with our theoretical calculations. -- Highlights: •The macroscopic symmetry constraints are deduced for homogeneous media including atomic vapors. •We demonstrate that odd-order nonlinear susceptibilities satisfy the constraints. •We experimentally demonstrate the deduction in part.
Yrast band in doubly-odd /sup 138/Eu
Liang, Y.; Ahn, K.; Ma, R.; Paul, E.S.; Xu, N.; Fossan, D.B.
1988-11-01
A rotational band, showing both signature components with a small energy splitting, has been identified in the doubly-odd /sup 138/Eu nucleus via the /sup 92/Mo(/sup 50/Cr,3pn..gamma..) reaction. Both ..gamma..-..gamma.. and ..gamma..-n coincidence studies were employed. Comparisons with the lighter /sup 136/Pm, /sup 134/Pr, and /sup 132/La isotones suggest a ..pi..h/sub 11/2/x..nu..h/sub 11/2/ structure.
Alternating parity structure in doubly odd /sup 218/Ac
Debray, M.E.; Davidson, M.; Kreiner, A.J.; Davidson, J.; Falcone, G.; Hojman, D.; Santos, D.
1989-03-01
States in doubly odd /sup 218/Ac have been studied using in-beam ..cap alpha..-, ..gamma..-, and e/sup -/-spectroscopy techniques mainly through the /sup 209/Bi(/sup 12/C,3n)= fusion-evaporation reaction. /sup 218/Ac shows a band structure, with interleaved states of alternating parities connected by enhanced B(E1) transitions, which is strikingly similar to the one in its isotone /sup 217/Ra.
(abstract) Odd Hydrogen in the Atmospheres of Earth and Mars
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Nair, Hari; Allen, Mark; Yung, Yuk L.
1994-01-01
The Martian atmosphere has many features in common with the terrestrial mesosphere. Both share similar pressure and temperature ranges, and much of the same chemistry operates in each. For example, the radical species H, OH, and H(sub 2)O, which comprise the odd hydrogen family, are of central importance in the catalytic destruction of CO and O(sub 3) in both atmospheres. The inclusion of recent chemical kinetics data, specifically temperature dependent CO(sub 2) absorption cross-sections, into our one dimensional photochemical model of the Martial atmosphere shows that oxidation of CO by odd hydrogen is too efficient. The incorporation of smaller cross sections for CO(sub 2) leads to an enhanced photolysis rate of water vapor, increasing odd hydrogen to the point where the predicted mixing ratio of CO in our model is substantially less than the observed value of 6.5 x 10(sup -4). Interestingly, most photochemical models of the terrestrial mesosphere underestimate the CO and O(sub 3) densities using currently accepted photodissociation and kinetic rate coefficients. This has also been attributed to an overabundance of odd hydrogen in the models. We shall show that agreement between models and observations of CO in the Martian atmosphere as well as of CO and O(sub 3) in the terrestrial mesosphere can be achieved by revising the rate constants for the reactions OH + HO(sub 2) and CO + OH within their published uncertainties. The fact that similar revisions alleviate discrepancies in both the terrestrial and Martian atmospheres warrants a re-evaluation of these key rate constants at the appropriate temperatures and pressures.
Decoupling and anomalous bandcrossings in odd-proton nuclei
Wu, C.S. , Center of Theoretical Physics, P.O. Box 8730, Beijing 100080 Department of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 Institute of Theoretical Physics, Academia Sinica, Beijing 100080 )
1995-04-01
The anomalous bandcrossing observed in the [541] [down arrow] bands of odd-[ital Z] nuclei from the rare-earth region was investigated in the framework of the particle-rotor model. The participation of the decoupling term in the [ital K]=1/2 band will give rise to a significant shift of the bandcrossing frequency, with an amplitude comparable to the observed values.
Increasing The Odds Of Hit Iidentification By Screening Against Receptor Homologs
Chen, Yuzong
Increasing the odds of hit identification in screening is of significance for drug discovery. The odds for finding a hit are closely related either to the diversity of libraries or to the availability of focused libraries. ...
Wang, X.; Riley, M. A.; Aguilar, A.; Teal, C.; Hartley, D. J.; Seyfried, E. P.; Vanhoy, J. R.; Riedinger, L. L.; Darby, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lauritsen, T.; McCutchan, E. A.; Zhu, S.; Chiara, C. J.; Kondev, F. G.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, S. K.; Tandel, U. S.
2010-09-15
High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 168}Ta have been populated in the {sup 120}Sn({sup 51}V,3n) reaction. Two multi-quasiparticle structures have been extended significantly from spin {approx}20({h_bar}/2{pi}) to above 40({h_bar}/2{pi}). As a result, the first rotational alignment has been fully delineated and a second band crossing has been observed for the first time in this nucleus. Configurations for these strongly coupled rotational bands are proposed based on signature splitting, B(M1)/B(E2) ratio information, and observed rotation-alignment behavior. Properties of the observed bands in {sup 168}Ta are compared to related structures in the neighboring odd-Z, odd-N, and odd-odd nuclei and are discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.
Estimating and contextualizing the attenuation of odds ratios due to non-collapsibility
Burgess, Stephen
2015-01-01
), will typically differ from marginal odds ratio, calculated marginally across the distributions of the covariates (the overall odds ratio). In a logistic regression, this means that the asymptotic value of the regression coefficient for an exposure will change... , or odds ratios calculated using different analysis methods which target differ odds ratio parameters [Janes et al., 2010]. As a motivating example, if a coefficient in a logistic regression analysis increases on adjustment for a covariate from, say, 0...
Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios
California at Santa Cruz, University of
Direct Discovery Prospects for the Light CP-odd Higgs Boson of NMSSM Ideal Higgs Scenarios Jack on the following papers with R. Dermisek: · New constraints on a light CP-odd Higgs boson and related NMSSM Ideal CP-odd Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC. Published in Phys.Rev.D81:055001,2010, arXiv:0911
Radiative lifetimes of odd-parity levels in Nb I
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mukund, Sheo; Bhattacharyya, Soumen; Yarlagadda, Suresh; Nakhate, S. G.
2015-11-01
Radiative lifetimes are reported for 37 odd-parity energy levels of neutral niobium (Nb I), out of which 33 have been measured for the first time. The levels belong to electronic configurations 4d35s5p and 4d45p between 18,790 and 35,730 cm-1. The time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy technique was employed. The Nb atoms were generated in a free-jet by laser vaporization of niobium metal. Lifetime values reported in this work fall in the range 12-340 ns and are accurate to ±10%.
The odds ratio: a useful tool in neurosciences.
Sandercock, P
1989-01-01
The odds ratio is very useful; when used as a measure of association (or to describe the results of a randomised controlled treatment trial) it expresses both the strength and direction of the association (or size and direction of treatment effect). Its 95% confidence interval estimates the likely degree of sampling error and provides a test of significance at the 5% level. Authors, when reporting the results of descriptive studies, case-control studies and randomised controlled trials, should consider presenting their results this way rather than by simple significance testing with a chi squared test. PMID:2769272
Gamma bands in doubly odd rhenium and iridium nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Balodis, M.; B?rzinš, J.; Krasta, T.; Simonova, L.
2015-05-01
Structure of the |K ± 2| bands in doubly-odd nuclei belonging to the transitional deformation region at A˜190 is discussed. Relation of these quasi gamma-bands with the non-axial deformation of the parent two-quasiparticle configurations is studied. Using available experimental information, new tentative |K ± 2| bands are proposed in 188Re, and 192,194Ir nuclei. Coexistence of two-quasiparticle states with different deformation modes is considered in the case of 188Re and 194Ir.
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... 2010-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... 2012-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... 2013-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
... 2011-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... 2014-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...
The odd origin of Gerstenhaber brackets, Batalin-Vilkovisky operators, and master equations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kaufmann, Ralph M.; Ward, Benjamin C.; Zúñiga, J. Javier
2015-10-01
Using five basic principles, we treat Gerstenhaber/Lie brackets, Batalin-Vilkovisky (BV) operators, and master equations appearing in mathematical and physical contexts in a unified way. The different contexts for this are given by the different types of (Feynman) graphs that underlie the particular situation. Two of the maxims we bring forth are (1) that extending to the non-connected graphs gives a commutative multiplication forming a part of the BV structure and (2) that there is a universal odd twist that unifies and explains seemingly ad hoc choices of signs and is responsible for the BV operator being a differential. Our treatment results in uniform, general theorems. These allow us to prove new results and recover and connect many constructions that have appeared independently throughout the literature. The more general point of view also allows us to disentangle the necessary from the circumstantial.
Beyond Mean-Field Calculations for Odd-Mass Nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Bally, B.; Avez, B.; Bender, M.; Heenen, P.-H.
2014-10-01
Beyond mean-field methods are very successful tools for the description of large-amplitude collective motion for even-even atomic nuclei. The state-of-the-art framework of these methods consists in a generator coordinate method based on angular-momentum and particle-number projected triaxially deformed Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) states. The extension of this scheme to odd-mass nuclei is a long-standing challenge. We present for the first time such an extension, where the generator coordinate space is built from self-consistently blocked one-quasiparticle HFB states. One of the key points for this success is that the same Skyrme interaction is used for the mean-field and the pairing channels, thus avoiding problems related to the violation of the Pauli principle. An application to Mg25 illustrates the power of our method, as agreement with experiment is obtained for the spectrum, electromagnetic moments, and transition strengths, for both positive and negative parity states and without the necessity for effective charges or effective moments. Although the effective interaction still requires improvement, our study opens the way to systematically describe odd-A nuclei throughout the nuclear chart.
Beyond mean-field calculations for odd-mass nuclei.
Bally, B; Avez, B; Bender, M; Heenen, P-H
2014-10-17
Beyond mean-field methods are very successful tools for the description of large-amplitude collective motion for even-even atomic nuclei. The state-of-the-art framework of these methods consists in a generator coordinate method based on angular-momentum and particle-number projected triaxially deformed Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) states. The extension of this scheme to odd-mass nuclei is a long-standing challenge. We present for the first time such an extension, where the generator coordinate space is built from self-consistently blocked one-quasiparticle HFB states. One of the key points for this success is that the same Skyrme interaction is used for the mean-field and the pairing channels, thus avoiding problems related to the violation of the Pauli principle. An application to ^{25}Mg illustrates the power of our method, as agreement with experiment is obtained for the spectrum, electromagnetic moments, and transition strengths, for both positive and negative parity states and without the necessity for effective charges or effective moments. Although the effective interaction still requires improvement, our study opens the way to systematically describe odd-A nuclei throughout the nuclear chart. PMID:25361253
An Odd Parity Checker Prototype Using DNAzyme Finite State Machine.
Eshra, Abeer; El-Sayed, Ayman
2014-01-01
A finite-state machine (FSM) is an abstract mathematical model of computation used to design both computer programs and sequential logic circuits. Considered as an abstract model of computation, FSM is weak; it has less computational power than some other models of computation such as the Turing machine. This paper discusses the finite-state automata based on Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) and different implementations of DNA FSMs. Moreover, a comparison was made to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of each kind of presented DNA FSMS. Since it is a major goal for nanoscince, nanotechnology and super molecular chemistry is to design synthetic molecular devices that are programmable and run autonomously. Programmable means that the behavior of the device can be modified without redesigning the whole structure. Autonomous means that it runs without externally mediated change to the work cycle. In this paper we present an odd Parity Checker Prototype Using DNAzyme FSM. Our paper makes use of a known design for a DNA nanorobotic device due to Reif and Sahu for executing FSM computations using DNAzymes. The main contribution of our paper is a description of how to program that device to do a FSM computation known as odd parity checking. We describe in detail finite state automaton built on 10-23 DNAzyme, and give its procedure of design and computation. The design procedure has two major phases: designing the language potential alphabet DNA strands, and depending on the first phase to design the DNAzyme possible transitions. PMID:26355779
Odd-even staggering in the neutron-proton interaction and nuclear mass models
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cheng, Y. Y.; Zhao, Y. M.; Arima, A.
2015-02-01
In this paper we study odd-even staggering of the empirical neutron-proton interaction between the last neutron and the last proton, denoted as ? V1 n -1 p , and its consequence in the Garvey-Kelson mass relations (GKs) and nuclear mass models. The root-mean-squared deviations of predicted masses respectively for even-A and odd-A nuclei by using two combinatorial GKs suggest a large odd-even staggering of ? V1 n -1 p between even-odd and odd-even nuclei, while the odd-even difference of ? V1 n -1 p between even-even and odd-odd nuclei is much smaller. The contribution of the odd-even staggering of ? V1 n -1 p between even-A and odd-A nuclei in deviations of theoretical ? V1 n -1 p values of the Duflo-Zuker model and the improved Weizs a ?cker -Skyrme model are well represented by an isospin-dependent term. The consideration of this odd-even staggering improves our description of binding energies and one-neutron separation energies in both the Duflo-Zuker model and the improved Weizs a ?cker -Skyrme model.
Varghese, Nisha; Shetye, Gauri S; Yang, Sijie; Wilkens, Stephan; Smith, Robert P; Luk, Yan-Yeung
2013-12-15
The physical properties of many organic molecules often oscillate when the number of carbons in their aliphatic chains changes from odd to even. This odd-even effect for single-chain surfactants in solution is rarely observed. Here, we report the ability of single-chain surfactants to emulsify a class of non-amphiphilic organic salts, disodium cromoglycate (5'DSCG) oscillates as a function of the odd or even number of the aliphatic carbons. This system provides a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion, in which aqueous droplets of 5'DSCG in liquid crystal phases are coated with single-chain surfactants in a bulk carrying aqueous solution. For both surfactants of [Formula: see text] and CH3(CH2)nCOO(-)Na(+), the ability to emulsify 5'DSCG molecules in water is stronger for surfactants with an odd number of sp(3)-hybridized carbon atoms in the aliphatic chains than those with an even number. This observed odd-even effect is consistent with the notion that conventional micelles possess a core of randomly arranged surfactant hydrocarbon tails. However, this water-in-oil-in-water resembles a vesicle system in which the surfactants assemble in a highly ordered structure that separates two aqueous systems. These new self-assembled phases have potential application in the formulation and design of new organic soft materials. PMID:24144379
Phase transition in odd-N Pd-isotopes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhou, Hou-Bing; Dong, Guo-Xiang; Sun, Xiao-Jun; Xu, Fu-Rong
2015-11-01
Phase transition in odd-N isotopes 99,101,103Pd are investigated via the E-GOS (E-Gamma Over Spin) curves, which strongly suggest a structure evolution from vibration to rotation along the yrast lines with increasing spin. Theoretical calculations have been performed for the ground state bands of 99,101,103Pd in the framework of the cranked shell model (CSM) and the alignment properties observed experimentally are analyzed employing this model. The results show that the phase transition in the ground state bands of 99,101,103Pd can be interpreted as the valence nucleons start to occupy the g9/2 proton orbitals with increasing spin which would polarize the core to a small, but rigid quadrupole deformation. Supported by Natural Science Foundation of Guangxi (2014jjBA10016, 2014jjDA10012) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (11465005)
Near yrast states in doubly odd [sup 214]Fr
Debray, M.E.; Kreiner, A.J.; Kesque, J.M.; Ozafran, M.; Romo, A.; Somacal, H.; Vazquez, M.E. ); Davidson, J.; Davidson, M. ); Ahn, K.; Fossan, D.B.; Liang, Y.; Ma, R.; Paul, E.S.; Piel, W.F. Jr.; Xu, N. )
1993-11-01
High spin states of doubly odd [sup 214]Fr[sub 127] have been investigated using in-beam [gamma]-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy techniques through the [sup 206]Pb([sup 11]B, 3[ital n]) and [sup 208]Pb([sup 11]B, 5[ital n]) fusion-evaporation reactions. Completely new spectrocopic information has been obtained. The yrast level structure is established up to spin (19[sup +]) and some information on [gamma] transitions from higher-lying levels is also obtained. Two new isomers [ital T][sub 1/2]=174(20) ns and [ital T][sub 1/2]=11(2) ns were found. Configuration assignments for the low-lying levels are discussed. Information on residual proton-neutron interactions is extracted.
Ground State Magnetic Properties of Odd Neutron DY Isotopes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yakut, Hakan; Tabar, Emre; Kuliev, Ali Akbar; Zenginerler, Zemine; Kaplan, Pinar
2013-10-01
Using the quasiparticle phonon nuclear model (QPNM) and taking into account the spin-spin interaction, the effects of the spin polarization on spin gyromagnetic factors (gs) as well as the intrinsic magnetic moments (gK) of the deformed odd neutron 155-165Dy isotopes were studied. The calculated values of gs and gK are in fair agreement with the experiment as well as with other microscopic calculations. Our calculations indicated that because of the core polarization, the gs factors of the nucleons in the nucleus reduce noticeably from its free nucleon value and the spin-spin interactions play an important role in the explanation of the quenching of the gs factors. A very good reproduction of the phenomenological quenching of gs factor from its free values (gs eff = 0.6-0.7gs free) is obtained for 155-165Dy.
An Overview of Modeling Middle Atmospheric Odd Nitrogen
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Jackman, Charles H.; Kawa, S. Randolph; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)
2001-01-01
Odd nitrogen (N, NO, NO2, NO3, N2O5, HNO3, HO2NO2, ClONO2, and BrONO2) constituents are important components in the control of middle atmospheric ozone. Several processes lead to the production of odd nitrogen (NO(sub y)) in the middle atmosphere (stratosphere and mesosphere) including the oxidation of nitrous oxide (N2O), lightning, downflux from the thermosphere, and energetic charged particles (e.g., galactic cosmic rays, solar proton events, and energetic electron precipitation). The dominant production mechanism of NO(sub y) in the stratosphere is N2O oxidation, although other processes contribute. Mesospheric NO(sub y) is influenced by N2O oxidation, downflux from the thermosphere, and energetic charged particles. NO(sub y) is destroyed in the middle atmosphere primarily via two processes: 1) dissociation of NO to form N and O followed by N + NO yielding N2 + O to reform even nitrogen; and 2) transport to the troposphere where HNO3 can be rapidly scavenged in water droplets and rained out of the atmosphere. There are fairly significant differences among global models that predict NO(sub y). NO(sub y) has a fairly long lifetime in the stratosphere (months to years), thus disparate transport in the models probably contributes to many of these differences. Satellite and aircraft measurement provide modeling tests of the various components of NO(sub y). Although some recent reaction rate measurements have led to improvements in model/measurement agreement, significant differences do remain. This presentation will provide an overview of several proposed sources and sinks of NO(sub y) and their regions of importance. Multi-dimensional modeling results for NO(sub y) and its components with comparisons to observations will also be presented.
21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown. 610.63 Section 610.63 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... manufacturing responsibility to be shown. If two or more licensed manufacturers participate in the...
21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown. 610.63 Section 610.63 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... manufacturing responsibility to be shown. If two or more licensed manufacturers participate in the...
21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown. 610.63 Section 610.63 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... manufacturing responsibility to be shown. If two or more licensed manufacturers participate in the...
21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2012-04-01 2012-04-01 false Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown. 610.63 Section 610.63 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... manufacturing responsibility to be shown. If two or more licensed manufacturers participate in the...
21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... 21 Food and Drugs 7 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Divided manufacturing responsibility to be shown. 610.63 Section 610.63 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... manufacturing responsibility to be shown. If two or more licensed manufacturers participate in the...
26 CFR 1.6151-1 - Time and place for paying tax shown on returns.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Time and place for paying tax shown on returns... INCOME TAX (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6151-1 Time and place for paying tax shown on...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-07-01
... shown by X-ray in active service. 3.370 Section 3.370 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... Rating Considerations Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service. (a) Active disease. X-ray evidence alone may be adequate for grant of direct...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-07-01
... shown by X-ray in active service. 3.370 Section 3.370 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... Rating Considerations Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service. (a) Active disease. X-ray evidence alone may be adequate for grant of direct...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-07-01
... shown by X-ray in active service. 3.370 Section 3.370 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... Rating Considerations Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service. (a) Active disease. X-ray evidence alone may be adequate for grant of direct...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-07-01
... shown by X-ray in active service. 3.370 Section 3.370 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... Rating Considerations Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service. (a) Active disease. X-ray evidence alone may be adequate for grant of direct...
38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-07-01
... shown by X-ray in active service. 3.370 Section 3.370 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... Rating Considerations Relative to Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis shown by X-ray in active service. (a) Active disease. X-ray evidence alone may be adequate for grant of direct...
Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center Workshop: P- and CP-odd Effects in Hot and Dense Matter
Deshpande, A.; Fukushima, K.; Kharzeev, D.; Warringa, H.; Voloshin, S.
2010-04-26
This volume contains the proceedings of the RBRC/CATHIE workshop on 'P- and CP-odd Effects in Hot and Dense Matter' held at the RIKEN-BNL Research Center on April 26-30, 2010. The workshop was triggered by the experimental observation of charge correlations in heavy ion collisions at RHIC, which were predicted to occur due to local parity violation (P- and CP-odd fluctuations) in hot and dense QCD matter. This experimental result excited a significant interest in the broad physics community, inspired a few alternative interpretations, and emphasized the need for a deeper understanding of the role of topology in QCD vacuum and in hot and dense quark-gluon matter. Topological effects in QCD are also closely related to a number of intriguing problems in condensed matter physics, cosmology and astrophysics. We therefore felt that a broad cross-disciplinary discussion of topological P- and CP-odd effects in various kinds of matter was urgently needed. Such a discussion became the subject of the workshop. Specific topics discussed at the workshop include the following: (1) The current experimental results on charge asymmetries at RHIC and the physical interpretations of the data; (2) Quantitative characterization of topological effects in QCD matter including both analytical (perturbative and non-perturbative using gauge/gravity duality) and numerical (lattice-QCD) calculations; (3) Topological effects in cosmology of the Early Universe (including baryogenesis and dark energy); (4) Topological effects in condensed matter physics (including graphene and superfiuids); and (5) Directions for the future experimental studies of P- and CP-odd effects at RHIC and elsewhere. We feel that the talks and intense discussions during the workshop were extremely useful, and resulted in new ideas in both theory and experiment. We hope that the workshop has contributed to the progress in understanding the role of topology in QCD and related fields. We thank all the speakers and participants, and express our gratitude to the event coordinator Pam Esposito for her hard work.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gao, Jian-hua; Wang, Qun
2015-10-01
We demonstrate the emergence of the magnetic moment and spin-vorticity coupling of chiral fermions in 4-dimensional Wigner functions. In linear response theory with space-time varying electromagnetic fields, the parity-odd part of the electric conductivity can also be derived which reproduces results of the one-loop and the hard-thermal or hard-dense loop. All these properties show that the 4-dimensional Wigner functions capture comprehensive aspects of physics for chiral fermions in electromagnetic fields.
Jian-hua Gao; Qun Wang
2015-08-26
We demonstrate the emergence of the magnetic moment and spin-vorticity coupling of chiral fermions in 4-dimensional Wigner functions. In linear response theory with space-time varying electromagnetic fields, the parity-odd part of the electric conductivity can also be derived which reproduces results of the one-loop and the hard-thermal or hard-dense loop. All these properties show that the 4-dimensional Wigner functions capture comprehensive aspects of physics for chiral fermions in electromagnetic fields.
Kadmensky, S. G.; Bunakov, V. E.; Titova, L. V.
2014-12-15
It is shown that the coefficients D{sup exp} for all T-odd asymmetries observed experimentally in the cross sections for the reactions of cold-polarized-neutron-induced fission of nonoriented target nuclei (which involves the emission of prescission and evaporated particles) comply in shape and scale with the coefficients D{sup theor} calculated for the analogous asymmetries on the basis of quantum-mechanical nuclear-fission theory for T-invariant Hamiltonians of fissile systems. It is also shown that the asymmetries in question arise upon taking into account the effect of (i) the interference between the fission amplitudes of s- and p-wave resonances of a polarized fissile compound nucleus formed in the aforementioned reactions; (ii) the collective rotation of the compound nucleus in question (this rotation entails a change in the angular distributions of fission fragments and third particles); and (iii) the wriggling vibrations of this compound nucleus in the vicinity of its scission point, which lead to the appearance of high aligned spins of fission fragments, with the result that the emission of neutrons and photons evaporated from these fragments becomes anisotropic. The possible contribution of T-noninvariant interactions to the formation of the T-odd asymmetries under analysis is estimated by using the results obtained in experimentally testing the detailed-balance principle, (P-A) theorem, and T invariance of cross sections for elastic proton-proton and proton-neutron scattering.
Odd-even mass staggering with Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory
W. J. Chen; C. A. Bertulani; F. R. Xu; Y. N. Zhang
2015-03-13
We have studied odd-even nuclear mass staggering with the Skyrme-Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory by employing isoscalar and isovector contact pairing interactions. By reproducing the empirical odd-even mass differences of the Sn isotopic chain, the strengths of pairing interactions are determined. The optimal strengths adjusted in this work can give better description of odd-even mass differences than that fitted by reproducing the experimental neutron pairing gap of $^{120}$Sn.
16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
...COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt. 1633, Fig. 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633—Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)...
Hammock, Bruce D.
). Long-term O3 exposure has also been shown to cause increased sensitivity to the toxicity of the nitroaromatic 1-nitronapthalene (1-NN). Incomplete combustion of both gasoline and diesel fuel results
Redistribution of reactive odd nitrogen in the lower arctic stratosphere
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Huebler, G.; Fahey, D. W.; Kelly, K. K.; Montzka, D. D.; Carroll, M. A.; Tuck, A. F.; Heidt, L. E.; Pollock, W. H.; Gregory, G. L.; Vedder, J. F.
1990-01-01
In-situ measurements of total reactive odd nitrogen NO(y), were made from the NASA DC-8 aircraft in the lower arctic stratosphere during the 1989 Airborne Arctic Stratospheric Expedition. Throughout January and February, NO(y) mixing ratios were typically between 0.5 and 3 parts per billion by volume (ppbv) at altitudes between 10 and 12.5 km. During several flights late in the mission, events of unusually light NO(y) occurred with mixing ratios up to 12 ppbv at these altitudes. Simultaneous measurements of N2O, O3, and H2O during these events suggest that large changes in NO(y) are not expected. The elevated NO(y) values are interpreted as a vertical redistribution of NO(y) in the lower stratosphere resulting from gravitational sedimentation of aerosol particles containing HNO3. No evidence of the redistribution of H2O is noted, consistent with observations of denitrification without dehydration higher in the stratosphere.
Increasing the Odds: Applying Emergentist Theory in Language Intervention
Poll, Gerard H.
2011-01-01
Purpose This review introduces a leading theory of language development, emergentism, the view that language ability is the product of interactions between the language environment and the learning capabilities of the child. It suggests ways in which emergentism provides a theoretical rationale for interventions designed to address developmental language delays in young children. Method A review of selected literature on emergentist theory and research is presented, with a focus on the acquisition of early morphology and syntax. A significant method for developing and testing emergentist theory, connectionist modeling, is described. Key themes from both connectionist and behavioral studies are summarized and applied with specific examples to language intervention techniques. A case study is presented to integrate elements of emergentism with language intervention. Conclusions Evaluating the theoretical foundation for language interventions is an important step in evidence-based practice. This article introduces three themes in the emergentist literature that have implications for language intervention: sufficiency of language input, active engagement of the child with the input, and the introduction of factors that increase the odds for correctly mapping language form to meaning. Evidence supporting the importance of these factors in effective language intervention is presented, along with limitations in that evidence. PMID:21616988
Nonparametric Risk and Nonparametric Odds in Quantitative Genetic Association Studies.
Zhang, Wei; Li, Qizhai
2015-01-01
The coefficient in a linear regression model is commonly employed to evaluate the genetic effect of a single nucleotide polymorphism associated with a quantitative trait under the assumption that the trait value follows a normal distribution or is appropriately normally distributed after a certain transformation. When this assumption is violated, the distribution-free tests are preferred. In this work, we propose the nonparametric risk (NR) and nonparametric odds (NO), obtain the asymptotic normal distribution of estimated NR and then construct the confidence intervals. We also define the genetic models using NR, construct the test statistic under a given genetic model and a robust test, which are free of the genetic uncertainty. Simulation studies show that the proposed confidence intervals have satisfactory cover probabilities and the proposed test can control the type I error rates and is more powerful than the exiting ones under most of the considered scenarios. Application to gene of PTPN22 and genomic region of 6p21.33 from the Genetic Analysis Workshop 16 for association with the anticyclic citrullinated protein antibody further show their performances. PMID:26174851
Pure spinors, intrinsic torsion and curvature in odd dimensions
Taghavi-Chabert, Arman
2013-01-01
We develop a spinor calculus for a $(2m+1)$-dimensional complex Riemannian manifold $(\\mcM,g)$ equipped with a preferred holomorphic projective pure spinor field $[\\xi]$. Such a spinor defines a holomorphic distribution $\\mcN$ of $m$-planes, totally null with respect to $g$. The stabiliser of $[\\xi]$ is a parabolic Lie subgroup $P$ of $\\SO(2m+1,\\C)$, and using its algebraic properties, we give $P$-invariant classifications of the curvature tensors of the Levi-Civita connection, which, in the case of the Weyl tensor, generalises the Petrov-Penrose classification to odd dimensions. From a spinorial point of view, this generalises the notion of principal spinors. We also classify the intrinsic torsion of $[\\xi]$ in terms of $P$-irreducibles, which gives an algebraic measure of the failure of $[\\xi]$ to be parallel with respect to the Levi-Civita connection. In particular, we interpret the integrability properties of the associated null $m$-plane distribution $\\mcN$ and its orthogonal complement $\\mcN^\\perp$ in t...
Disaster Impacts on Human Capital Accumulation Shown in the Typhoon Haiyan Case
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Özceylan Aubrecht, Dilek; Aubrecht, Christoph
2014-05-01
School children and their school environment are increasingly exposed to all kinds of hazards. Many disaster events have shown the extent of disaster impacts on the education sector which this study also highlights in the Typhoon Haiyan Case. Disasters do not only cause loss of lives or damage to educational facilities, they also entail significant economic and social consequences on human capital development in the short and long-run. While the trend of short term disaster impact can easily be analyzed in rapid post disaster assessments taking destroyed assets as proxy, usually analyses of medium and long-term effects of disasters include large inherent uncertainties and are of less tangible nature, require more time and complex methods and can often not give comprehensive results. The consequences of disasters especially in developing countries are therefore to a certain extent often left unknown. Generally, economic and social effects of disasters on human capital seem to be ambiguous and to some degree these effects are related to economic, social and institutional well-being. Thus, clear understanding is crucial to interpret its complex effects on human capital accumulation. This essential nature of medium and long-term effects has not been reflected in many analyses. Focus has mostly been given on the extent of physical damage, displacements, lives and assets lost instead of targeting resilience of social and economic characteristics of communities in terms of preventing human capital accumulation disruption. Main objective of this study is to provide a conceptual framework illustrating the impacts of disasters on schooling which might help in assessing such effects, as one of the fundamental components of human capital accumulation (Ozceylan Aubrecht, 2013). The dimensions of human capital building and its relationship to disasters under the light of past disaster events are discussed with a special focus on the recent Typhoon Haiyan that struck the Philippines in November 2013. Natural disasters adversely affect human capital accumulation in several ways including loss of life, damage to the educational system, decreased educational quality, increased child labor, and associated high dropout rates. Another dimension closely related to the human capital is the reduced economic strength of families that can limit the expenditures on well-being, including education, health and food (child malnutrition) (Baez et al., 2010; Cuaresma, 2010). According to information provided by UN and international media approximately 6 million children were affected by Typhoon Haiyan with 1.4 million homes of children and their families destroyed and 1.8 million children displaced. About 90% of the school buildings in the affected region were damaged and schools therefore stayed closed for up to 2 months causing disruption for more than a million pupils and 34,000 teachers. In some areas, when school returned to operation, only half of the school kids reported back. Also for the other pupils the situation was still challenging with many of the prior basic educational resources affected (destroyed textbooks and learning material, damaged classrooms) and no own equipment available (books, pens, etc.). Those reported impacts have already interrupted the educational continuity and it is expected to further continue by adversely affecting human capital accumulation in the longer term. Part of this work has been done under the Global Program for Safer Schools (GPSS) carried out at the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). References: Baez, J., A. de la Fuente, and I. Carlos, 2010. Do Natural Disasters Affect Human Capital? An Assessment Based on Existing Empirical Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper Series: 5164. Cuaresma, J., 2010. Natural Disasters and Human Capital Accumulation. World Bank Economic Review 24(2): 280-302. Ozceylan Aubrecht, D., 2013. Economic Impact of Disasters on the Education Sector. Global Program for Safer Schools (GPSS), GFDRR & The World Bank, Working Paper, Washington DC, August 2013, 30 pp.
Physical activity and psychiatric problems in children.
Martikainen, Silja; Pesonen, Anu-Katriina; Lahti, Jari; Heinonen, Kati; Tammelin, Tuija; Kajantie, Eero; Eriksson, Johan; Strandberg, Timo; Räikkönen, Katri
2012-07-01
We studied whether physical activity, measured by wrist-worn accelerometers, is associated with mother- and teacher-rated psychiatric problems in 8-year-old children (n = 199). Higher overall physical activity and more time spent in more intense physical activity were associated with lower odds for psychiatric problems in emotional, social, and behavioral domains. PMID:22575251
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Liu, Xing
2008-01-01
The proportional odds (PO) model, which is also called cumulative odds model (Agresti, 1996, 2002 ; Armstrong & Sloan, 1989; Long, 1997, Long & Freese, 2006; McCullagh, 1980; McCullagh & Nelder, 1989; Powers & Xie, 2000; O'Connell, 2006), is one of the most commonly used models for the analysis of ordinal categorical data and comes from the class…
Into the Cuckoo's Nest: "Silver Linings Playbook" and Movies about Odd People
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Beck, Bernard
2013-01-01
Odd people have always been identified and often treated differently in human societies. In modern times, they have been described as being afflicted with a psychological condition to be treated by specialists and assigned to a "crazy" category by general society. Movies about such odd people have a long history. A recent movie,…
Beating the Odds: Individual District Profiles. Results from the 2008-09 School Year
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Council of the Great City Schools, 2009
2009-01-01
This edition of "Beating the Odds" presents student achievement from 2008 to 2009. Individual district profiles of student achievement are presented. [For a related report, "Beating the Odds: Analysis of Student Performance on State Assessments and NAEP. Results from the 2008-09 School Year," see ED508975.
Why Some Schools with Latino Children Beat the Odds...and Others Don't
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Waits, Mary Jo; Campbell, Heather E.; Gau, Rebecca; Jacobs, Ellen; Rex, Tom; Hess, Robert K.
2006-01-01
Throughout Arizona and the Southwest, the odds are against high achievement in schools with a mostly Latino, mostly poor student enrollment. Some schools, however, "beat the odds" and achieve consistently high results or show steady gains. Why do these schools succeed where others fail? Using the methodology of business guru Jim Collins from his…
The odd-even effect in Sudoku puzzles: effects of working memory, aging, and experience.
Chang, Hye-Sang; Gibson, Janet M
2011-01-01
The odd-even effect in numerical processing has been explained as the easier processing of even numbers compared with odd numbers. We investigated this effect in Sudoku puzzles, a reasoning problem that uses numbers but does not require arithmetic operations. Specifically, we asked whether the odd-even effect occurred with Sudoku puzzles and whether individual differences in working memory (WM), aging, and experience with Sudoku modulated this effect. We manipulated the presence of odd and even numbers in Sudoku puzzles, measured WM with the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and backward digit span task, tested older and younger adults, and collected Sudoku experience frequency. Performance on Sudoku was more accurate for even puzzles than odd ones. Younger, experienced, and higher-WM participants were more accurate on Sudoku, but these individual difference variables did not interact with the odd-even effect. Odd numbers may impose more cognitive load than even numbers, but future research is needed to examine how age, experience, or WM may influence the odd-even effect. PMID:21977693
The Correlation of Secondary Organic Aerosol with Odd Oxygen in Mexico City
Data from a mountain location intercepting the Mexico City emission plume demonstrate a strong correlation between secondary organic aerosol and odd-oxygen (O_{3} + NO_{2}). The measured oxygenated-organic aerosol correlates with odd-oxygen measurements with an a...
Magnesium and titanium: "The odd couple" Local order and the influence of stress on the
Dam, Bernard
Magnesium and titanium: "The odd couple" Local order and the influence of stress on the hydrogen (Sweden) Cover: The graph on the cover is a collection of loading isotherms measured on magnesium thin UNIVERSITEIT Magnesium and titanium: "The odd couple" Local order and the influence of stress on the hydrogen
Decomposition of Odd-hole-free Graphs by Double Star Cutsets and 2-Joins
Cornuejols, Gerard P.
Decomposition of Odd-hole-free Graphs by Double Star Cutsets and 2-Joins Michele Conforti #3; G#19-hole-free graphs, even-signable graphs, decomposition, 2-join, double star cutset. #3; Dipartimento di Matematica as an induced subgraph a chordless cycle of odd length greater than three) with double star cutsets and 2-joins
Structure of the low-lying states of the odd-neutron nuclei with Z ? 100
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Shirikova, N. Yu.; Sushkov, A. V.; Malov, L. A.; Jolos, R. V.
2015-02-01
Theoretical investigations of the structure of the low-lying states of the nuclei with Z ? 100 play an important role in understanding the properties of nuclei belonging to the new region of the nuclide chart which are now available for the experimental study. We perform the calculations of the excitation energies and the wave functions of the low-lying states of the nuclei with Z ? 100. The quasiparticle-phonon model, which takes into account the interaction of quasiparticles with phonons of different multipolarities, is used as a basis for the calculations. The excitation energies and the quasiparticle-phonon structure of the low-lying states with excitation energies up to 1200 keV of the odd-neutron nuclei 245-251Cm, 249-255Cf, 249-259Fm, 253-259No and 257-261Rf are calculated. It is shown that the excitation of the phonons and the quasiparticle-phonon interaction play an important role in the description of the properties of the excited states of the nuclei with Z ? 100 with excitation energy exceeding 600 keV.
Molecular dynamics in lipid bilayers. Anisotropic diffusion in an odd restoring potential.
Alam, T M
1993-01-01
Recent 2H nuclear magnetic resonance spin relaxation studies have questioned the influence of restoring potential parity on the description of lipid or molecular reorientational dynamics. In biomembranes the polar head groups of lipid and sterol constituents are expected to associate with the aqueous interface; therefore, realistic descriptions of molecular reorientation in bilayer systems should use an odd restoring potential. The multiexponential correlation functions and related spectral density functions for small-step anisotropic diffusion in a pseudo-restoring potential of the form U(beta) = -lambda cos beta are evaluated as a function of molecular ordering
Odd-Mode Surface Plasmon Polaritons Supported by Complementary Plasmonic Metamaterial
Gao, Xi; Zhou, Liang; Cui, Tie Jun
2015-01-01
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), either on metal-dielectric interfaces in optical frequencies or on structured metal surfaces in the lower frequencies, are dominantly even modes. Here we discover dominant odd-mode SPPs on a complementary plasmonic metamaterial, which is constructed by complementary symmetric grooves. We show that the fundamental SPP mode on such a plasmonic metamaterial is a tightly confined odd mode, whose dispersion curve can be tuned by the shape of groove. According to the electric field distributions of odd-mode SPPs, we propose a high-efficiency transducer using asymmetric coplanar waveguide and slot line to excite the odd-mode SPPs. Numerical simulations and experimental results validate the high-efficiency excitation and excellent propagation performance of odd-mode SPPs on the complementary plasmonic waveguides in the microwave frequencies. PMID:25783166
Odd-mode surface plasmon polaritons supported by complementary plasmonic metamaterial.
Gao, Xi; Zhou, Liang; Cui, Tie Jun
2015-01-01
Surface plasmon polaritons (SPPs), either on metal-dielectric interfaces in optical frequencies or on structured metal surfaces in the lower frequencies, are dominantly even modes. Here we discover dominant odd-mode SPPs on a complementary plasmonic metamaterial, which is constructed by complementary symmetric grooves. We show that the fundamental SPP mode on such a plasmonic metamaterial is a tightly confined odd mode, whose dispersion curve can be tuned by the shape of groove. According to the electric field distributions of odd-mode SPPs, we propose a high-efficiency transducer using asymmetric coplanar waveguide and slot line to excite the odd-mode SPPs. Numerical simulations and experimental results validate the high-efficiency excitation and excellent propagation performance of odd-mode SPPs on the complementary plasmonic waveguides in the microwave frequencies. PMID:25783166
Odd-even effect in heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies
Su Jun; Zhang Fengshou; Bian Baoan
2011-01-15
Heavy-ion collisions at intermediate energies are studied by the isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model in the company of the GEMINI model. The isospin-dependent quantum molecular dynamics model is applied to describe the violent stage of the collisions, while the GEMINI model is applied to simulate the decays of the prefragments. The present study mainly focuses on the odd-even effect in the yields of the final fragments. We find that the odd-even effect appears in the deexcitation process of the excited prefragments, and is affected by the excitation energies and the isotope distributions of the prefragments. Both the projectile-isospin-dependent odd-even effect in the region of -4{<=}T{sub Z}{<=}1 and the role of the symmetry energy on the odd-even effect are studied. We find that the odd-even effect depends sensitively on the symmetry energy.
32. DETAIL OF WALL SHOWN IN SD231. BEHIND WALL FRAMING ...
32. DETAIL OF WALL SHOWN IN SD-2-31. BEHIND WALL FRAMING IS SAMPLING ROOM WITH WOOD SAMPLING ELEVATOR. CRUSHED OXIDIZED ORE BIN ON LEFT (SOUTH). - Bald Mountain Gold Mill, Nevada Gulch at head of False Bottom Creek, Lead, Lawrence County, SD
Foulger, G. R.
Reservoir depletion at The Geysers geothermal area, California, shown by four-dimensional seismic geothermal exploitation at The Geysers geothermal area, California, induces myriads of small of Vp, Vs, and Vp/Vs is an effective geothermal reservoir depletion monitoring tool and can potentially
Pilastro, Andrea
Abstract Previous work has shown that under elevated predation risk, male guppies (Poecilia is traditionally inter- preted as a `risk-sensitive' response that makes males less conspicuous to predators. However, predation risk leads to behavioural changes (such as schooling and predator inspection
Technology Transfer Automated Retrieval System (TEKTRAN)
Most maternal transcripts including many housekeeping genes are degraded at or around embryonic genome activation as evidenced by our initial studies. This degradation appears to be global but highly regulated. MicroRNAs are naturally occurring small (19-24bp) RNAs that are shown to be involved in m...
Otolith microstructure analysis has been shown to be valuable for relating
650 Otolith microstructure analysis has been shown to be valuable for relating biotic and abiotic and Orth, 1996; Hare and Cowen, 1997) for the early life history stages of fishes. Prior to using otolith microstructure analysis, it is important that otolith validation studies be undertaken to examine the rate
27 CFR 46.8 - Data to be shown in claim.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-04-01
... CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Application of 26 U.S.C. 6423, as Amended, to Refund or Credit of Tax on Tobacco Products, and Cigarette Papers and Tubes Claim Procedure § 46.8 Data to be shown in claim. Claims to which... any manner whatsoever, the burden of the tax to any other person. (e) If the claim is for refund of...
27 CFR 46.8 - Data to be shown in claim.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-04-01
... CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Application of 26 U.S.C. 6423, as Amended, to Refund or Credit of Tax on Tobacco Products, and Cigarette Papers and Tubes Claim Procedure § 46.8 Data to be shown in claim. Claims to which... any manner whatsoever, the burden of the tax to any other person. (e) If the claim is for refund of...
27 CFR 46.8 - Data to be shown in claim.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-04-01
... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2014-04-01 2014-04-01 false Data to be shown in claim. 46.8 Section 46.8 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TOBACCO MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Application of...
27 CFR 46.8 - Data to be shown in claim.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-04-01
... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Data to be shown in claim. 46.8 Section 46.8 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY (CONTINUED) TOBACCO MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS RELATING TO TOBACCO PRODUCTS AND CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Application of...
27 CFR 46.8 - Data to be shown in claim.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-04-01
... CIGARETTE PAPERS AND TUBES Application of 26 U.S.C. 6423, as Amended, to Refund or Credit of Tax on Tobacco Products, and Cigarette Papers and Tubes Claim Procedure § 46.8 Data to be shown in claim. Claims to which... any manner whatsoever, the burden of the tax to any other person. (e) If the claim is for refund of...
16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2013-01-01 2013-01-01 false Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A) 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt. 1633,...
16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2011-01-01 2011-01-01 false Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A) 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt.1633,...
16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A) 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt.1633,...
16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A) 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt. 1633,...
16 CFR Figure 1 to Part 1633 - Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A)
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2012-01-01 2012-01-01 false Test Assembly, Shown in Furniture Calorimeter (Configuration A) 1 Figure 1 to Part 1633 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION FLAMMABLE FABRICS ACT REGULATIONS STANDARD FOR THE FLAMMABILITY (OPEN FLAME) OF MATTRESS SETS Pt.1633,...
Influence of anthropogenic aerosol on cloud optical depth and albedo shown by satellite measurements
particles from industrial activities lead to increased concentrations of cloud droplets, it was pointed outInfluence of anthropogenic aerosol on cloud optical depth and albedo shown by satellite) The Twomey effect of enhanced cloud droplet concentration, optical depth, and albedo caused by anthropogenic
82 Volume 78THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY This classic experiment is now shown in general
Herrera, Carlos M.
82 Volume 78THE QUARTERLY REVIEW OF BIOLOGY This classic experiment is now shown in general biology the apparently widespread belief that some people wake up in the morning and come up with genial ideas without experiment," and for readers with more experience in molecular biology, it brings back the same unaltered
Vetriani, Costantino
Late summer foraging by yellow jackets injures grapes. Shown above, Ventimiglia Vineyard uses non, the farm protects ripe vertical trellised grapes with poly bird netting and programmable bird distress growing 1,043 acres of grapes, which supply about 35 wineries. These produce over 40 different wines
Matrix Inverses Consider the ordinary algebraic equation and its solution shown below
Lee, Carl
Matrix Inverses Consider the ordinary algebraic equation and its solution shown below: Since the linear system can be written as where , , and , (A = coefficient matrix, x = variable vector, b = constant vector) it is reasonable to ask if the matrix equation corresponding to above system of n linear
Against All Odds: A Socioeconomic Analysis of Academic Achievement
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Foote Sykes, Darold E.
2012-01-01
Research has shown that the adolescent African American male, in comparison to his peers of other races, is challenged by a diversity of destructive factors that significantly affect his future. This study examined the disparity in academic achievement that exists between African American male students and other student populations in the United…
Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University
2009-01-01
this phenomenon to the BCS superfluidity in the nuclear ground states. It has been pointed out that other effects also contribute to the OES effect [6,7]. Recently, global calculations of nuclear masses became role in finite and also infinite nuclear systems [13]. Recently, the theory of nuclear masses
At Odds: Reconciling Experimental and Theoretical Results in High School Physics
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gates, Joshua
2009-01-01
For this experiment, students are divided into 2 groups and presented with a static equilibrium force-balance problem to solve. One group works entirely experimentally and the other group theoretically, using Newton's laws. The groups present their seemingly dissimilar results and must reconcile them through discussion. (Contains 3 figures.)
Understanding the Odd Shape of Cancer Cell Nuclei | Physical Sciences in Oncology
Misshapen cell nuclei are frequently observed in cancer cells and other diseases, but what causes the abnormality - and why it is associated with certain disorders - has remained unclear. Now, however, researchers at Northwestern University have developed a mathematical model that sheds light on the defect by clarifying the mechanisms that cause bulges known as “blebs” in cells’ nuclear membranes. The research could be a step toward bleb prevention and may ultimately provide potential therapies for cancer and other diseases.
African American Women: Surviving Breast Cancer Mortality against the Highest Odds.
White-Means, Shelley; Rice, Muriel; Dapremont, Jill; Davis, Barbara; Martin, Judy
2015-01-01
Among the country's 25 largest cities, the breast cancer mortality disparity is highest in Memphis, Tennessee, where African American women are twice as likely to die from breast cancer as White women. This qualitative study of African-American breast cancer survivors explores experiences during and post treatment that contributed to their beating the high odds of mortality. Using a semi-structured interview guide, a focus group session was held in 2012 with 10 breast cancer survivors. Thematic analysis and a deductive a priori template of codes were used to analyze the data. Five main themes were identified: family history, breast/body awareness and preparedness to manage a breast cancer event, diagnosis experience and reaction to the diagnosis, family reactions, and impact on life. Prayer and family support were central to coping, and survivors voiced a cultural acceptance of racial disparities in health outcomes. They reported lack of provider sensitivity regarding pain, financial difficulties, negative responses from family/friends, and resiliency strategies for coping with physical and mental limitations. Our research suggested that a patient-centered approach of demystifying breast cancer (both in patient-provider communication and in community settings) would impact how women cope with breast cancer and respond to information about its diagnosis. PMID:26703655
Properties of rotating Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton black holes in odd dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Blázquez-Salcedo, Jose Luis; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lérida, Francisco
2014-01-01
We investigate rotating Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton (EMd) black holes in odd dimensions. Focusing on black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta, we determine the domain of existence of these black holes. Nonextremal black holes reside with the boundaries determined by the static and the extremal rotating black holes. The extremal EMd black holes show proportionality of their horizon area and their angular momenta. Thus the charge does not enter. We also address the Einstein-Maxwell case, where the extremal rotating black holes exhibit two branches. On the branch emerging from the Myers-Perry solutions, their angular momenta are proportional to their horizon area, whereas on the branch emerging from the static solutions their angular momenta are proportional to their horizon angular momenta. Only subsets of the near-horizon solutions are realized globally. Investigating the physical properties of these EMd black holes, we note that one can learn much about the extremal rotating solutions from the much simpler static solutions. The angular momenta of the extremal black holes are proportional to the area of the static ones for the Kaluza-Klein value of the dilaton coupling constant, and remain analogous for other values. The same is found for the horizon angular velocities of the extremal black holes, which possess an analogous behavior to the surface gravity of the static black holes. The gyromagnetic ratio is rather well approximated by the "static" value, obtained perturbatively for small angular momenta.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yoshida, A.
2014-08-01
It was shown previously that the sunspot number (SSN) at a point 3 years before the minimum is well correlated with the maximum SSN of the succeeding cycle, and a better correlation is obtained when the maximum SSN is replaced by the average SSN over a cycle for which the average SSN is calculated by dividing cycles at a point 3 years before the minimum (Yoshida and Yamagishi, 2010; Yoshida and Sayre, 2012). Following these findings, we demonstrate in this paper that the correlation between the SSN 3 years before the minimum and the amplitude of the coming cycle differs significantly between even-numbered and odd-numbered cycles: the correlation is much better for even-numbered cycles. Further, it is shown that the amplitude of even-numbered cycles is strongly correlated with that of the succeeding odd-numbered cycles, while the correlation between amplitudes of odd-numbered cycles and those of succeeding even-numbered cycles is very poor. Using the excellent correlations, we estimate the maximum SSN of the current cycle 24 at 81.3 and predict the maximum SSN of cycle 25 to be 115.4 ± 11.9. It is of note, however, that a peak of the SSN has been observed in February 2012 and the peak value 66.9 is considerably smaller than the estimated maximum SSN of cycle 24. We conjecture that the second higher peak of the SSN may appear.
Magnetic moments in odd-A Cd isotopes and coupling of particles with zero-point vibrations
Mishev, S
2015-01-01
Background: The coupling of the last nucleon with configurations in the ground state of the even-even core is known to augment the single quasiparticle fragmentation pattern. In a recent experimental study by Yordanov \\emph{et al.} the values of the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of the $11/2^-$ state in a long chain of Cd isotopes were found to follow a simple trend which we try to explain by means of incorporating long-range correlations in the ground state. Purpose: Our purpose is to study the influence of the ground-state correlations (GSC) on the magnetic moments and compare our results with the data for the odd-A Cd isotopes. Method: In order to evaluate if the additional correlations have bearing on the magnetic moments we employ an extension to the quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM) which takes into account quasiparticle$\\otimes$phonon configurations in the ground state of the even-even core to the structure of the odd-A nucleus wave function. Results: It is shown that the values for th...
Magnetic moments in odd-A Cd isotopes and coupling of particles with zero-point vibrations
S. Mishev; V. V. Voronov
2015-11-10
Background: The coupling of the last nucleon with configurations in the ground state of the even-even core is known to augment the single quasiparticle fragmentation pattern. In a recent experimental study by Yordanov \\emph{et al.} the values of the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of the $11/2^-$ state in a long chain of Cd isotopes were found to follow a simple trend which we try to explain by means of incorporating long-range correlations in the ground state. Purpose: Our purpose is to study the influence of the ground-state correlations (GSC) on the magnetic moments and compare our results with the data for the odd-A Cd isotopes. Method: In order to evaluate if the additional correlations have bearing on the magnetic moments we employ an extension to the quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM) which takes into account quasiparticle$\\otimes$phonon configurations in the ground state of the even-even core to the structure of the odd-A nucleus wave function. Results: It is shown that the values for the magnetic moments which the applied QPM extension yields deviate further from the Schmidt values. The latter is in agreement with the measured values for the Cd isotopes. Conclusions: The GSC exert significant influence on the magnetic dipole moments and reveal a potential for reproducing the experimental values for the studied cadmium isotopes.
Magnetic moments in odd-A Cd isotopes and coupling of particles with zero-point vibrations
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Mishev, S.; Voronov, V. V.
2015-10-01
Background: The coupling of the last nucleon with configurations in the ground state of the even-even core is known to augment the single quasiparticle fragmentation pattern. In a recent experimental study by Yordanov et al. the values of the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of the 11 /2- state in a long chain of Cd isotopes were found to follow a simple trend which we try to explain by means of incorporating long-range correlations in the ground state. Purpose: Our purpose is to study the influence of ground-state correlations (GSCs) on the magnetic moments and compare our results with the data for the odd-A Cd isotopes. Method: In order to evaluate if the additional correlations have bearing on the magnetic moments we employ an extension to the quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM) which takes into account quasiparticle ?phonon configurations in the ground state of the even-even core affecting the structure of the odd-A nucleus wave function. Results: It is shown that the values for the magnetic moments which the applied QPM extension yields deviate further from the Schmidt values. The latter is in agreement with the measured values for the Cd isotopes. Conclusions: The GSCs exert significant influence on the magnetic dipole moments and reveal a potential for reproducing the experimental values for the studied cadmium isotopes.
Pure odd-order oscillators with constant excitation
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Cveticanin, L.
2011-02-01
In this paper the excited vibrations of a truly nonlinear oscillator are analyzed. The excitation is assumed to be constant and the nonlinearity is pure (without a linear term). The mathematical model is a second-order nonhomogeneous differential equation with strong nonlinear term. Using the first integral, the exact value of period of vibration i.e., angular frequency of oscillator described with a pure nonlinear differential equation with constant excitation is analytically obtained. The closed form solution has the form of gamma function. The period of vibration depends on the value of excitation and of the order and coefficient of the nonlinear term. For the case of pure odd-order-oscillators the approximate solution of differential equation is obtained in the form of trigonometric function. The solution is based on the exact value of period of vibration. For the case when additional small perturbation of the pure oscillator acts, the so called 'Cveticanin's averaging method' for a truly nonlinear oscillator is applied. Two special cases are considered: one, when the additional term is a function of distance, and the second, when damping acts. To prove the correctness of the method the obtained results are compared with those for the linear oscillator. Example of pure cubic oscillator with constant excitation and linear damping is widely discussed. Comparing the analytically obtained results with exact numerical ones it is concluded that they are in a good agreement. The investigations reported in the paper are of special interest for those who are dealing with the problem of vibration reduction in the oscillator with constant excitation and pure nonlinear restoring force the examples of which can be found in various scientific and engineering systems. For example, such mechanical systems are seats in vehicles, supports for machines, cutting machines with periodical motion of the cutting tools, presses, etc. The examples can be find in electronics (electromechanical devices like micro-actuators and micro oscillators), in music instruments (hammers in piano), in human voice producing folds (voice cords), etc.
ETR BUILDING, TRA642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE SHOWN IN ID33G101, ANOTHER ...
ETR BUILDING, TRA-642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE SHOWN IN ID-33-G-101, ANOTHER VIEW. PERSONNEL DOORWAY INTO CHAMBER IDENTIFIES SODIUM HAZARD AND POSSIBILITY OF INERT GAS. LIQUID SODIUM COOLANT WAS USED IN A SPECIAL ETR LOOP ADAPTED FOR IT IN 1972. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD24-3-2. Mike Crane, Photographer, 11/2000 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID
ESRP 310 Fall 2010, 1st Lab Students will reproduce the images shown in Chapter 2.
Ford, Andrew
, this is run-time software. This means you can not save your results. Verification Exercises Figs 2-7 and 2.8: Build the model in Fig. 2.7 and verify it gives the results in Fig. 2.8. Fig. 2-11. Verify the model with both births and deaths shown in Fig. 2.11 Fig. 2-12. Build the model in Fig 2.12 and verify
The propagation of waves in Einstein's unified field theory as shown by two exact solutions
Salvatore Antoci
2009-09-29
The propagation of waves in two space dimensions exhibited by two exact solutions to the field equations of Einstein's unified field theory is investigated under the assumption that the metric s_{ik} is the one already chosen by Kursunoglu and by H\\'ely in the years 1952-1954. It is shown that, for both exact solutions, with this choice of the metric the propagation of the waves occurs in the wave zone with the fundamental velocity (ds^2=0).
Press Release Cambridge scientists have shown that is possible to control the effective
Cambridge, University of
of spin electronics (spintronics), which physicists believe could revolutionise computers in coming and cheaper. Spintronics could be one of these technologies, so our finding helps open up this avenue onlineinPhysical Letters ReviewonXXXX. Spintronics, or spin electronics, refers to the use of the spin
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Vorov, O. K.; Auerbach, N.; Flambaum, V. V.
1996-02-01
The structure of the collective low-energy J? = 0 - ( T = 0 and T = 1) modes is studied for a doubly magic nucleus in a simplified analytic model of RPA. The 0 - phonon states ( T = 0, 1) lie at energies ET=0 (0 -) ? ? and ET=1 (0 -) > ?, where ? is the oscillator frequency. The matrix elements of P-odd and P- and T-odd weak one-body potentials connecting the ground state to these 0 --states, Wcoll, are enhanced by the factor ? 2( {?}/{E}) {1}/{2}A {1}/{3} ? 10 as compared to the single-particle value wsp what can result in values | Wcoll| ? 20-30 eV if standard values of DDH parameters are used for wsp. Similar enhancement arises in the P- and T-odd case.
Positive parity states and some electromagnetic transition properties of even-odd europium isotopes
Yazar, Harun Resit
2013-06-15
The positive-parity low-spin states of even-odd Europium isotopes ({sup 151-155}Eu) were studied within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The calculated positive low-spin state energy spectra of the odd Eu isotope were found to agree quite well with the experimental data. The B(E2) values were also calculated and it was found that the calculated positive-parity low-spin state energy spectra of the odd-A Eu isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.
Oblate-prolate transition in odd-mass light mercury isotopes
S. Sakakihara; Y. Tanaka
2003-06-29
Anomalous isotope shifts in the chain of light Hg isotopes are investigated by using the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov method with the Skyrme SIII, SkI3 and SLy4 forces. The sharp increase in the mean-square radius of the odd mass $^{181-185}$Hg isotopes is well explained in terms of the transition from an oblate to a prolate shape in the ground state of these isotopes. We discuss the polarization energy of time-odd mean-field terms in relation to the blocked level by the odd neutron.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lennarz, A.; Brunner, T.; Andreoiu, C.; Chaudhuri, A.; Chowdhury, U.; Delheij, P.; Dilling, J.; Ettenauer, S.; Frekers, D.; Gallant, A. T.; Grossheim, A.; Jang, F.; Kwiatkowski, A. A.; Ma, T.; Mané, E.; Pearson, M. R.; Schultz, B. E.; Simon, M. C.; Simon, V. V.
2014-01-01
A novel technique to measure electron-capture branching ratios is being introduced, where the TITAN ion traps and the ISAC radioactive beam facility at TRIUMF are the central components. The technique will be applied to the intermediate odd-odd nuclei in double-beta decay. The decay properties of these nuclei will constrain theoretical models dealing with the evaluation of the nuclear matrix elements for both the 2 ? and the 0 ? mode. The present setup and its potential for measuring extremely low branching ratios at low instrumental backgrounds is described.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Stewart, R. W.; Hameed, S.; Matloff, G.
1983-01-01
A time-dependent box model of the lower troposphere which includes a description of photochemical and physical processes has been developed. This model has been applied to the calculation of nitric acid and NO(x)(NO + NO2) concentrations over a diurnal cycle which includes precipitation. Nitric acid concentrations and the HNO3/NO(x) ratio are found to be highly variable under the assumptions regarding the frequency, duration, and intensity of precipitation employed in this model. The chemistry of odd nitrogen compounds during the night is potentially important in establishing the level of nitric acid in the lower troposphere. These calculations also indicate that relatively large errors may occur when the continuity equation describing nitric acid variations is averaged over a diurnal cycle which includes precipitation. Interpretation of simultaneous measurements of HNO3 and NO(x) will require some knowledge of the history of the observed air mass and may require an improved understanding of nighttime odd nitrogen chemistry.
Increases in weight and body size increase the odds for hypertension during 7 years of follow-up.
Williams, Paul T
2008-11-01
Changes in BMI and body size were compared to incident hypertension in 24,550 men and 10,111 women followed prospectively as part of the National Runners' Health Study to test whether long-term weight change affects hypertension risk. Incident hypertensions were reported by 2,143 men and 430 women during (mean +/- s.d.) 7.8 +/- 1.8 and 7.5 +/- 2.0 years of follow-up, respectively. Despite being active, men's and women's BMI increased 1.15 +/- 1.70 and 0.95 +/- 1.89 kg/m(2), respectively, and their waist circumferences increased 2.97 +/- 5.02 and 3.29 +/- 6.67 cm, respectively. Compared to those whose BMI declined, those who gained >or=2.4 kg/m(2) had an odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of 1.68 (1.45, 1.94) for becoming hypertensive if male and 1.42 (1.05, 1.92) if female. Men whose waist circumference increased >or=6 cm had an odds ratio of 1.22 (1.01, 1.47) for becoming hypertensive compared to those whose waists decreased. In both sexes, the odds for hypertension were significantly related to BMI at follow-up when adjusted for baseline BMI, but generally not to baseline BMI when adjusted for follow-up BMI. In the subset whose weights remained relatively unchanged during follow-up (+/-0.4 kg/m(2)), each kg/m(2) increment in BMI was associated with an odds ratio for becoming hypertensive of 1.19 (1.14, 1.24) in men and 1.11 (1.02, 1.20) in women. Thus, even among lean, physically active individuals: (i) weight gain increases hypertension risk; (ii) higher body weight increases the hypertension risk in a dose-dependent manner in the absence of any weight change; and (iii) there is no advantage carried forward to having been previously lean. PMID:18756262
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Fahey, D. W.; Eubank, C. S.; Hubler, C. S.; Fehsenfeld, F. C.
1985-01-01
The suitability of a technique for the measurement of total reactive odd-nitrogen NOy-containing species in the atmosphere has been examined. In the technique, an NOy component species, which may include NO, NO2, NO3, HNO3, peroxyacetyl nitrate, and particulate nitrate, are catalytically reduced by CO to form NO molecules on the surface of a metal converter tube, and the NO product is detected by chemiluminescence produced in reaction with O3. Among the catalysts tested in the temperature range of 25-500 C, Au was the preferred catalyst. The results of laboratory tests investigating the effects of pressure, O3, and H2O on NOy conversion, and the possible sources of interference, have shown that the technique is suitable for atmospheric analyses. The results of a test in ambient air at a remote ground-based field site are included.
Zhang Yu; Pan Feng; Liu Yuxin; Hou Zhanfeng; Draayer, J. P.
2010-09-15
A coupling scheme for even-even nuclei with the X(5) critical point symmetry coupled to a single valence nucleon in a j orbit is proposed to approximately describe the critical point phenomena of spherical to axially deformed shape (phase) transition in odd-A nuclear systems. The corresponding scheme, which can be solved analytically, is called the X(5/(2j+1)) model. A special case with j=1/2 is analyzed in detail to show its level structure and transition patterns. It is further shown that {sup 189}Au and {sup 155}Tb may be possible X(5/(2j+1)) symmetry candidates with j=1/2 and j=3/2, respectively.
CP phase of nonuniversal Z? on sin ?sJ/?? and T-odd observables of Bbarq ?Vq?+?-
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chen, Chuan-Hung
2010-01-01
The evidence of a large CP phase has been shown by CDF and DØ collaborations in the time-dependent CP asymmetry (CPA) of Bs ? J / ?? decay, where the nonvanished CPA clearly implies the existence of a non-Kobayashi-Maskawa phase in b ? s transition. We study the new phases originated by the extra family-dependent U(1) ? model and examine their impact on Tˆ or CP violating observables in Bbarq ?Vq?+?- decays with Vq =K? (?). Adopting the constraints from the current data of ?ms and the branching ratios for Bbars ??+?- and Bbarq ?Vq?+?-, we find that ?sJ/?? = - (0.26 ± 0.22) and the T-odd observables of above 10% in the decay chain Bbarq ?Vq (? K? [ KK ])?+?- can be achieved. In addition, we demonstrate that the longitudinal and transverse polarizations of K? and the up-down asymmetry of K in the same decay chain are also sensitive to the Z?-mediated effects.
Spin-orbit interaction in final state as possible reason for T-odd correlation in ternary fission
A. L. Barabanov
2007-12-20
A model for ternary fission is discussed in which a third particle (alpha-particle) is emitted due to non-adiabatic change of the nuclear potential at neck rapture. An expression for energy and angular distribution of alpha-particles is proposed. It is shown that an interaction between spin of fissioning system and orbital momentum of alpha-particle (spin-orbit interaction in the final state) results in recently observed asymmetry of alpha-particle emission, which can be formally related to T-odd correlation. No strong dependence of the asymmetry on the angle of alpha-particle emission with respect to the fission axis is predicted by the model in accordance with the experimental data.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Oosterlaan, Jaap; Scheres, Anouk; Sergeant, Joseph A.
2005-01-01
This study investigated (1) whether attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is associated with executive functioning (EF) deficits while controlling for oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD), (2) whether ODD/CD is associated with EF deficits while controlling for AD/HD, and (3) whether a combination of AD/HD and ODD/CD…
Educational Views of Gottfried Keller, as Shown in His Prose- Writings
Carter, Frances
1913-08-01
Tutelage. (a) Parental Interest. 2. Good Example is Beneficial. 3. Self-development or Independence is Final Step. (a) Work for its Own Sake. (b) From the Easy to the More Difficult. iv CONTENTS Concl'd. (o) Accuracy. VII. education of dornen. O...' EDUCATIONAL VIEWS OP GOTTFRIED KELLER AS SHOWN IN HIS PROSE- WRITINGS. I. I N T R O D U C T O R Y . When we read the productions of any novelist, we us ually ask for something more than amusement. True, the chief purpose of fiction is to entertain, and we...
High 'Resting' Heart Rate Tied to Higher Odds of Early Death
... Heart Rate Tied to Higher Odds of Early Death But more research is needed before this can ... an independent predictor of all-cause and cardiovascular death," said lead researcher Dr. Dongfeng Zhang, of the ...
Colds, Flu Up Odds for Stroke in Kids, Though Risk Is Low
... html Colds, Flu Up Odds for Stroke in Kids, Though Risk Is Low: Study Researchers also found ... but when lightning strikes, and that previously healthy kid has a stroke, we're still trying to ...
Strong odd-frequency correlations in fully gapped Zeeman-split superconductors.
Linder, Jacob; Robinson, Jason W A
2015-01-01
It is now well established that at a superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) interface an unconventional superconducting state arises in which the pairing is odd-frequency. The hallmark signature of this superconducting state is generally understood to be an enhancement of the electronic density of states (DoS) at subgap energies close to the S/F interface. However, here we show that an odd frequency state can be present even if the DoS is fully gapped. As an example, we show that this is the case in the pioneering S/FI (where FI is a insulating ferromagnet) tunneling experiments of Meservey and Tedrow, and we derive a generalized analytical criterium to describe the effect of odd-frequency pairing on the DoS. Finally, we propose a simple experiment in which odd-frequency pairing in a Zeeman-split superconductor can be unambiguously detected via the application of an external magnetic field. PMID:26503380
Testing Lorentz invariance using an odd-parity asymmetric optical resonator
Baynes, Fred N.; Luiten, Andre N.; Tobar, Michael E.
2011-10-15
We present the first experimental test of Lorentz invariance using the frequency difference between counter-propagating modes in an asymmetric odd-parity optical resonator. This type of test is {approx}10{sup 4} more sensitive to odd-parity and isotropic (scalar) violations of Lorentz invariance than equivalent conventional even-parity experiments due to the asymmetry of the optical resonator. The disadvantages of odd-parity resonators have been negated by the use of counter-propagating modes, delivering a high level of immunity to environmental fluctuations. With a nonrotating experiment our result limits the isotropic Lorentz violating parameter {kappa}-tilde{sub tr} to 3.4{+-}6.2x10{sup -9}, the best reported constraint from direct measurements. Using this technique the bounds on odd-parity and scalar violations of Lorentz invariance can be improved by many orders of magnitude.
The v?-periodic part of the Adams spectral sequence at an odd prime/
Andrews, Michael Joseph, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
2015-01-01
We tell the story of the stable homotopy groups of spheres for odd primes at chromatic height 1 through the lens of the Adams spectral sequence. We find the "dancers to a discordant system." We calculate a Bockstein spectral ...
A quantitative expression of resiliency in the workplace: an odds ratio analysis.
Everly, George S; Sherman, Martin F; Nucifora, Frederick; Langlieb, Alan; Kaminsky, Michael J; Links, Jonathan M
2008-01-01
This paper reviews four empirical investigations into the effectiveness of workplace-based crisis intervention programs designed to enhance psychological resiliency. As an extension of a previously published review of effect sizes of workplace-based crisis interventions (Everly et al., 2006), this paper extends the expression of intervention effectiveness by proposing, then utilizing, the odds ratio statistic. It is proposed that the odds ratio is a more useful tool by which to express the practical utility of workplace-based psychosocial interventions. Thus, the use of odds ratios may be a tool that serves to ease the translation of research into practice. That is, odds ratios may aid in expressing the potential usefulness of workplace-based crisis intervention programs in terms that can be easily understood by program managers and policy makers without extensive training in inferential statistics, thereby potentiating increased utilization of such programs as indicated. PMID:19112928
2Documenting Social Simulation Models: 3The ODD Protocol as a Standard
Tesfatsion, Leigh
wider 12adoption and encouraging higher standards in simulation description. 13Why Read This Chapter, demonstrated the benefits of using ODD but also revealed that some 39 refinements were needed to make it more
A model for phonon coupling contributions to electromagnetic moments of odd spherical nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Saperstein, E. E.; Kamerdzhiev, S.; Krewald, S.; Speth, J.; Tolokonnikov, S. V.
2013-08-01
Within the Theory of Finite Fermi Systems (TFFS), a model is developed to describe Phonon Coupling (PC) effects in odd magic and semi-magic nuclei. It is based on the perturbation theory in g^2_L , where gL is the vertex of the L-phonon creation. Among all g^2_L diagrams the set is separated which depends significantly on the nucleus under consideration and the state ? of the odd nucleon. An ansatz is proposed to take into account the phonon tadpole diagram which ensures the total angular-momentum conservation. Calculations are carried out for three odd-proton chains, the odd Tl, In and Sb ones. Different PC corrections strongly cancel each other. In the result, the total PC correction to magnetic moments in magic nuclei is, as a rule, negligible. In the non-magic nuclei considered it is noticeable and improves the agreement with data.
Strong odd-frequency correlations in fully gapped Zeeman-split superconductors
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Linder, Jacob; Robinson, Jason W. A.
2015-10-01
It is now well established that at a superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) interface an unconventional superconducting state arises in which the pairing is odd-frequency. The hallmark signature of this superconducting state is generally understood to be an enhancement of the electronic density of states (DoS) at subgap energies close to the S/F interface. However, here we show that an odd frequency state can be present even if the DoS is fully gapped. As an example, we show that this is the case in the pioneering S/FI (where FI is a insulating ferromagnet) tunneling experiments of Meservey and Tedrow, and we derive a generalized analytical criterium to describe the effect of odd-frequency pairing on the DoS. Finally, we propose a simple experiment in which odd-frequency pairing in a Zeeman-split superconductor can be unambiguously detected via the application of an external magnetic field.
Strong odd-frequency correlations in fully gapped Zeeman-split superconductors
Linder, Jacob; Robinson, Jason W. A.
2015-01-01
It is now well established that at a superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) interface an unconventional superconducting state arises in which the pairing is odd-frequency. The hallmark signature of this superconducting state is generally understood to be an enhancement of the electronic density of states (DoS) at subgap energies close to the S/F interface. However, here we show that an odd frequency state can be present even if the DoS is fully gapped. As an example, we show that this is the case in the pioneering S/FI (where FI is a insulating ferromagnet) tunneling experiments of Meservey and Tedrow, and we derive a generalized analytical criterium to describe the effect of odd-frequency pairing on the DoS. Finally, we propose a simple experiment in which odd-frequency pairing in a Zeeman-split superconductor can be unambiguously detected via the application of an external magnetic field. PMID:26503380
Algebraic-eikonal approach to medium energy proton scattering from odd-mass nuclei
R. Bijker; A. Frank
1995-06-30
We extend the algebraic-eikonal approach to medium energy proton scattering from odd-mass nuclei by combining the eikonal approximation for the scattering with a description of odd-mass nuclei in terms of the interacting boson-fermion model. We derive closed expressions for the transition matrix elements for one of the dynamical symmetries and discuss the interplay between collective and single-particle degrees of freedom in an application to elastic and inelastic proton scattering from $^{195}$Pt.
Comparing T-odd and T-even spin sum rules
Teryaev, O.V.
2015-04-10
Sum rules for T-even and T-odd structure functions and parton distributions are considered. The case of spin-dependent distributions related to energy-momentum tensor (EMT) is specifically addressed. The Burkardt sum rule for T-odd Sivers functions may be related to EMT provided the imaginary prescription for gluonic pole correlator is incorporated. The momentum sum rule for deuteron tensor spin structure function allows one to probe indirectly the gravity couplings to quarks and gluons.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Burns, G. Leonard; Walsh, James A.; Servera, Mateu; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano; Cardo, Esther; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni
2013-01-01
Exploratory structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to a multiple indicator (26 individual symptom ratings) by multitrait (ADHD-IN, ADHD-HI and ODD factors) by multiple source (mothers, fathers and teachers) model to test the invariance, convergent and discriminant validity of the Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Inventory with 872…
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Allison, L. J.
1972-01-01
A complete documentation of Numbus 2 High Resolution infrared Radiometer data and ESSA-1 and 3 television photographs is presented for the life-time of Hurricane Inez, 1966. Ten computer produced radiation charts were analyzed in order to delineate the three dimensional cloud structure during the formative, mature and dissipating stages of this tropical cyclone. Time sections were drawn throughout the storm's life cycle to relate the warm core development and upper level outflow of the storm with their respective cloud canopies, as shown by the radiation data. Aerial reconnaissance weather reports, radar photographs and conventional weather analyses were used to complement the satellite data. A computer program was utilized to accept Nimbus 2 HRIR equivalent blackbody temperatures within historical maximum and minimum sea surface temperature limits over the tropical Atlantic Ocean.
Organic solute changes with acidification in Lake Skjervatjern as shown by 1H-NMR spectroscopy
Malcolm, R.L.; Hayes, T.
1994-01-01
1H-NMR spectroscopy has been found to be a useful tool to establish possible real differences and trends between all natural organic solute fractions (fulvic acids, humic acids, and XAD-4 acids) after acid-rain additions to the Lake Skjervatjern watershed. The proton NMR technique used in this study determined the spectral distribution of nonexchangeable protons among four peaks (aliphatic protons; aliphatic protons on carbon ?? or attached to electronegative groups; protons on carbons attached to O or N heteroatoms; and aromatic protons). Differences of 10% or more in the respective peak areas were considered to represent a real difference. After one year of acidification, fulvic acids decreased 13% (relative) in Peak 3 protons on carbon attached to N and O heteratoms and exhibited a decrease in aromatic protons between 27% and 31%. Humic acids also exhibited an 11% relative decrease in aromatic protons as a result of acidification. After one year of acidification, real changes were shown in three of the four proton assignments in XAD-4 acids. Peak 1 aliphatic protons increased by 14% (relative), Peak 3 protons on carbons attached to O and N heteroatoms decreased by 13% (relative), and aromatic protons (Peak 4) decreased by 35% (relative). Upon acidification, there was a trend in all solutes for aromatic protons to decrease and aliphatic protons to increase. The natural variation in organic solutes as shown in the Control Side B of the lake from 1990 to 1991 is perhaps a small limitation to the same data interpretations of acid rain changes at the Lake Skjervatjern site, but the proton NMR technique shows great promise as an independent scientific tool to detect and support other chemical techniques in establishing organic solute changes with different treatments (i.e., additions of acid rain).
Swimming at low Reynolds number in fluids with odd, or Hall, viscosity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Lapa, Matthew F.; Hughes, Taylor L.
2014-04-01
We apply the geometric theory of swimming at low Reynolds number to the study of nearly circular swimmers in two-dimensional fluids with nonvanishing "odd," or Hall, viscosity. The odd viscosity gives an off-diagonal contribution to the fluid stress tensor, which results in a number of striking effects. In particular, we find that a swimmer whose area is changing will experience a torque proportional to the rate of change of the area, with the constant of proportionality given by the coefficient ?o of odd viscosity. After working out the general theory of swimming in fluids with odd viscosity for a class of simple swimmers, we give a number of example swimming strokes which clearly demonstrate the differences between swimming in a fluid with conventional viscosity and a fluid which also has an odd viscosity. We also include a discussion of the extension of the famous Scallop theorem of low Reynolds number swimming to the case where the fluid has a nonzero odd viscosity. A number of more technical results, including a proof of the torque-area relation for swimmers of more general shape, are explained in a set of Appendixes.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kadmensky, S. G.; Bunakov, V. E.; Titova, L. V.
2015-07-01
Basic dynamical effects that accompany the cold-polarized-neutron-induced binary and ternary fission of actinide nuclei and which determine the properties of T -odd asymmetries in angular distributions of various prescission and evaporated light third particles emitted in true and delayed ternary fission are analyzed on the basis of quantum-mechanical fission theory. It is emphasized that effects associated with the conservation of axial symmetry of the fissioning system under study at all stages of its evolution from the formation of neutron resonance states of the fissile compound nucleus to the separation of its fission fragments, including the appearance of zero wriggling vibrations of the cold compound nucleus in the vicinity of its scission point, are of particular importance, the influence of quantum collective rotation of the polarized fissile system on the asymmetry of the angular distribution of both fission fragments and third particles being taken into account. It is shown that the difference in the behavior of the coefficients characterizing the T -odd asymmetries under analysis for the target nuclei being studied can be explained, upon taking into account the interference between the fission amplitudes for the neutron resonance states of fissile compound nuclei, by the difference in the contributions of even and odd components of the amplitudes of angular distributions of third particles to the coefficients in question.
Adjuvant activity of fish type I interferon shown in a virus DNA vaccination model.
Chang, Chia-Jung; Sun, Baojian; Robertsen, Børre
2015-05-15
There is a need for more efficient vaccines to combat viral diseases of Atlantic salmon and other farmed fish. DNA vaccines are highly effective against salmonid rhabdoviruses, but have shown less effect against other viruses. In the present work we have studied if type I IFNs might be used as adjuvants in fish DNA vaccines. For this purpose we chose a DNA vaccine model based on the hemagglutinin-esterase (HE) gene of infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) as antigen. Salmon presmolts were injected with a plasmid encoding HE alone or together with a plasmid encoding Atlantic salmon type I IFN (IFNa1, IFNb or IFNc). Sera were harvested after 7-10 weeks for measurements of antibody against ISAV and the fish were challenged with ISAV to measure protective effects of the vaccines. The results showed that all three IFN plasmids delivered together with HE plasmid potently enhanced protection of salmon against ISAV mediated mortality and stimulated an increase in IgM antibodies against the virus. In contrast, HE plasmid alone gave low antibody titers and a minor protection against ISAV. This demonstrates that type I IFNs stimulate adaptive immune responses in fish, which may be a benefit also in other fish DNA vaccines. Quantitative RT-PCR studies showed that the salmon IFNs caused an increased influx of B-cells and cytotoxic T-cells at the muscle injection site, which may in part explain the adjuvant effect of the IFNs. PMID:25865470
Ancient Grandeur of the Vertebrate Neuropeptide Y System Shown by the Coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae
Larhammar, Dan; Bergqvist, Christina A.
2013-01-01
The neuropeptide Y (NPY) family receptors and peptides have previously been characterized in several tetrapods, teleost fishes, and in a holocephalan cartilaginous fish. This has shown that the ancestral NPY system in the jawed vertebrates consisted of the peptides NPY and peptide YY (PYY) and seven G-protein-coupled receptors named Y1–Y8 (Y3 does not exist). The different vertebrate lineages have subsequently lost or gained a few receptor genes. For instance, the human genome has lost three of the seven receptors while the zebrafish has lost two and gained two receptor genes. Here we describe the NPY system of a representative of an early diverging lineage among the sarcopterygians, the West Indian Ocean coelacanth Latimeria chalumnae. The coelacanth was found to have retained all seven receptors from the ancestral jawed vertebrate. The receptors display the typical characteristics found in other vertebrates. Interestingly, the coelacanth was found to have the local duplicate of the PYY gene, called pancreatic polypeptide, previously only identified in tetrapods. Thus, this duplication took place very early in the sarcopterygian lineage, before the origin of tetrapods. These findings confirm the ancient complexity of the NPY system and show that mammals have lost more NPY receptors than any other vertebrate lineage. The coelacanth has all three peptides found in tetrapods and has retained the ancestral jawed vertebrate receptor repertoire with neither gains or losses. PMID:23483106
Odds and ends in psychopharmacology from the past 10 years.
Howland, Robert H
2015-01-01
Seven topics previously described in this column are revisited. The use of quantitative electroencephalography has been shown in a prospective study to be effective for predicting antidepressant treatment response. A novel antidepressant drug, agomelatine, has generated much controversy, and its development for the U.S. market was discontinued. A long awaited revised system for categorizing the safety of medications during pregnancy and lactation has finally been published by the Food and Drug Administration. Dextromethorphan/quinidine, eslicarbazepine acetate, levomilnacipran, and esketamine are recent examples of drugs that were developed based on the complex concepts of chirality and stereochemistry. Lisdexamfetamine, a stimulant drug, failed to show benefit as an augmentation therapy for the treatment of depression. The combination drug naltrexone/bupropion was finally approved as a therapy for obesity, after its cardiovascular safety was confirmed in a prospective premarketing study. Further development of the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist drug mifepristone as a treatment for psychotic depression was stopped based on a large negative trial, but the drug continues to be investigated for other potential psychiatric indications. These examples illustrate how the field of psychopharmacology continues to evolve. PMID:25622272
Patricio Perez
1995-10-17
Some contributions of physics towards the understanding of consciousness are described. As recent relevant models, associative memory neural networks are mentioned. It is shown that consciousness and quantum physics share some properties. Two existing quantum models are discussed.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sherwood, Steven C.; Nishant, Nidhi
2015-05-01
We present an updated version of the radiosonde dataset homogenized by Iterative Universal Kriging (IUKv2), now extended through February 2013, following the method used in the original version (Sherwood et al 2008 Robust tropospheric warming revealed by iteratively homogenized radiosonde data J. Clim. 21 5336-52). This method, in effect, performs a multiple linear regression of the data onto a structural model that includes both natural variability, trends, and time-changing instrument biases, thereby avoiding estimation biases inherent in traditional homogenization methods. One modification now enables homogenized winds to be provided for the first time. This, and several other small modifications made to the original method sometimes affect results at individual stations, but do not strongly affect broad-scale temperature trends. Temperature trends in the updated data show three noteworthy features. First, tropical warming is equally strong over both the 1959-2012 and 1979-2012 periods, increasing smoothly and almost moist-adiabatically from the surface (where it is roughly 0.14 K/decade) to 300 hPa (where it is about 0.25 K/decade over both periods), a pattern very close to that in climate model predictions. This contradicts suggestions that atmospheric warming has slowed in recent decades or that it has not kept up with that at the surface. Second, as shown in previous studies, tropospheric warming does not reach quite as high in the tropics and subtropics as predicted in typical models. Third, cooling has slackened in the stratosphere such that linear trends since 1979 are about half as strong as reported earlier for shorter periods. Wind trends over the period 1979-2012 confirm a strengthening, lifting and poleward shift of both subtropical westerly jets; the Northern one shows more displacement and the southern more intensification, but these details appear sensitive to the time period analysed. There is also a trend toward more easterly winds in the middle and upper troposphere of the deep tropics.
Seismic subduction of the Nazca Ridge as shown by the 1996-97 Peru earthquakes
Spence, W.; Mendoza, C.; Engdahl, E.R.; Choy, G.L.; Norabuena, E.
1999-01-01
By rupturing more than half of the shallow subduction interface of the Nazca Ridge, the great November 12, 1996 Peruvian earthquake contradicts the hypothesis that oceanic ridges subduct aseismically. The mainshock's rupture has a length of about 200 km and has an average slip of about 1.4 m. Its moment is 1.5 x 1028 dyne-cm and the corresponding M(w) is 8.0. The mainshock registered three major episodes of moment release as shown by a finite fault inversion of teleseismically recorded broadband body waves. About 55% of the mainshock's total moment release occurred south of the Nazca Ridge, and the remaining moment release occurred at the southern half of the subduction interface of the Nazca Ridge. The rupture south of the Nazca Ridge was elongated parallel to the ridge axis and extended from a shallow depth to about 65 km depth. Because the axis of the Nazca Ridge is at a high angle to the plate convergence direction, the subducting Nazca Ridge has a large southwards component of motion, 5 cm/yr parallel to the coast. The 900-1200 m relief of the southwards sweeping Nazca Ridge is interpreted to act as a 'rigid indenter,' causing the greatest coupling south of the ridge's leading edge and leading to the large observed slip. The mainshock and aftershock hypocenters were relocated using a new procedure that simultaneously inverts local and teleseismic data. Most aftershocks were within the outline of the Nazca Ridge. A three-month delayed aftershock cluster' occurred at the northern part of the subducting Nazca Ridge. Aftershocks were notably lacking at the zone of greatest moment release, to the south of the Nazca Ridge. However, a lone foreshock at the southern end of this zone, some 140 km downstrike of the mainshock's epicenter, implies that conditions existed for rupture into that zone. The 1996 earthquake ruptured much of the inferred source zone of the M(w) 7.9-8.2 earthquake of 1942, although the latter was a slightly larger earthquake. The rupture zone of the 1996 earthquake is immediately north of the seismic gap left by the great earthquakes (M(w) ~8.8-9.1) of 1868 and 1877. The M(w) 8.0 Antofagasta earthquake of 1995 occurred at the southern end of this great seismic gap. The M(w) 8.2 deep-focus Bolivian earthquake of 1994 occurred directly downdip of the 1868 portion of that gap. The recent occurrence of three significant earthquakes on the periphery of the great seismic gap of the 1868 and 1877 events, among other factors, may signal an increased seismic potential for that zone.
3D Viewing: Odd Perception - Illusion? reality? or both?
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kisimoto, K.; Iizasa, K.
2008-12-01
We live in the three dimensional space, don't we? It could be at least four dimensions, but that is another story. In either way our perceptual capability of 3D-Viewing is constrained by our 2D-perception (our intrinsic tools of perception). I carried out a few visual experiments using topographic data to show our intrinsic (or biological) disability (or shortcoming) in 3D-recognition of our world. Results of the experiments suggest: (1) 3D-surface model displayed on a 2D-computer screen (or paper) always has two interpretations of the 3D- surface geometry, if we choose one of the interpretation (in other word, if we are hooked by one perception of the two), we maintain its perception even if the 3D-model changes its viewing perspective in time shown on the screen, (2) more interesting is that 3D-real solid object (e.g.,made of clay) also gives above mentioned two interpretations of the geometry of the object, if we observe the object with one-eye. Most famous example of this viewing illusion is exemplified by a magician, who died in 2007, Jerry Andrus who made a super-cool paper crafted dragon which causes visual illusion to one-eyed viewer. I, by the experiments, confirmed this phenomenon in another perceptually persuasive (deceptive?) way. My conclusion is that this illusion is intrinsic, i.e. reality for human, because, even if we live in 3D-space, our perceptional tool (eyes) is composed of 2D sensors whose information is reconstructed or processed to 3D by our experience-based brain. So, (3) when we observe the 3D-surface-model on the computer screen, we are always one eye short even if we use both eyes. One last suggestion from my experiments is that recent highly sophisticated 3D- models might include too many information that human perceptions cannot handle properly, i.e. we might not be understanding the 3D world (geospace) at all, just illusioned.
Odd-even staggering in nuclear binding and the liquid-drop model
W. A. Friedman
2009-11-03
The trends with mass number are examined for the odd-even-staggering (OES) in nuclear binding of neutrons and protons through the conventional measures $\\Delta^{(3)}$. The large differences previously observed between these trends for even and odd values of these measures is found to arise, in part, from the slow variation of binding energies with mass and charge which provides a background contribution. This background is estimated with the liquid-drop model, and accounts for the greater difference found in proton removal relative to neutron removal. The differences which persist after backgrounds are removed can not be treated in the conventional liquid-drop model but require the addition of a new term. Such a term is investigated, and its effect on specific values of the OES is calcutated. The liquid-drop fitting is also applied to a set of separation energies constrained to match the specific set of nuclei used to determine the observed values for the odd $\\Delta^{(3)}$. The resulting fit for the pairing term is compared to the average value of even and odd measures. The effect on this value of the new liquid-drop term is observed, and the change in background when the new term is included is also used as an alternate method for determining the difference between trends of the even and odd values of the OES.
Supporting Text We present here the complete description of the networks shown in Fig. 3C and Fig. 5
Hakim, Vincent
1 Supporting Text We present here the complete description of the networks shown in Fig. 3C and Fig. Results of stochastic simulations of the switches of Fig. 3 A and B are also shown. Examples of switches working implementations of the idea sketched in Fig. 1 . Two examples are shown in Figs. 6 and 7
Non-proportional odds multivariate logistic regression of ordinal family data.
Zaloumis, Sophie G; Scurrah, Katrina J; Harrap, Stephen B; Ellis, Justine A; Gurrin, Lyle C
2015-03-01
Methods to examine whether genetic and/or environmental sources can account for the residual variation in ordinal family data usually assume proportional odds. However, standard software to fit the non-proportional odds model to ordinal family data is limited because the correlation structure of family data is more complex than for other types of clustered data. To perform these analyses we propose the non-proportional odds multivariate logistic regression model and take a simulation-based approach to model fitting using Markov chain Monte Carlo methods, such as partially collapsed Gibbs sampling and the Metropolis algorithm. We applied the proposed methodology to male pattern baldness data from the Victorian Family Heart Study. PMID:25287055
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Omidvar, K.; Frederick, J. E.
1987-01-01
Line-by-line calculations are performed to determine the contributions of the Schumann-Runge bands of ordinary and isotopic oxygen to the photodissociation of these molecules at different altitudes. The contributions to the dissociation rates of the satellite lines and of the first and higher vibrational states of the initial molecular states are found to be insignificant. At 70 km, (O-16)(O-18) is found to produce 10 times as much odd oxygen as would be produced if the isotope did not have selective absorption, and 6 percent of the odd oxygen produced is due to this isotope. It is noted that the excess odd oxygen produced is not enough to explain the excess quantity of ozone observed in the atmosphere, which cannot be accounted for in photochemical models. Comparison with previous results is made.
SU(6) quadrupole phonon model for even and odd nuclei and the SU(3) limit
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Paar, V.; Brant, S.; Canto, L. F.; Leander, G.; Vouk, M.
1982-04-01
Analogous to the equivalence between the SU(6) quadrupole-phonon model (TQM) and the interacting boson model (IBM), the equivalence is pointed out for odd systems between the SU(6) particle quadrupole-phonon coupling model (PTQM) and the interacting boson-fermion model (IBFM). PTQM is formulated starting from the Dyson representation for the odd system. Different aspects of the SU(3) limit of TQM and PTQM are studied; the quadrupole-phonon block structure of rotational bands in even and odd nuclei and analytic expressions based on the coherent state; signature effects generated in PTQM; electromagnetic properties and correction factors for PTQM; overlaps of the PTQM analogs of Nilsson states with Coriolis-coupled Nilsson states and the relation to the rotational model representation.
CP-Odd Tadpole Renormalization of Higgs Scalar-Pseudoscalar Mixing
Apostolos Pilaftsis
1998-03-10
We consider an Abelian model with a CP-conserving Higgs potential spanned by two complex Higgs fields. The CP invariance of the Higgs potential is then broken explicitly beyond the Born approximation by introducing soft-CP-violating Yukawa interactions. Based on the non-renormalization theorem, we derive the consistency conditions under which a CP-odd counterterm exists and, at the same time, renders the one-loop-induced mixing of a CP-even Higgs boson with a CP-odd Higgs scalar ultra-violet finite. The novel CP-odd tadpole renormalization may then be determined from the minimization constraints on the Higgs potential. Finally, we discuss the phenomenological consequences of the so-generated CP-violating scalar-pseudoscalar mixing for the electric dipole moments of neutron, electron and muon.
Odd-Even Pattern Observed in Polyaniline/(Au0 – Au8) Composites
Jonke, Alex P.; Josowicz, Mira A.; Janata, Jiri
2012-01-12
Theoretically predicted effect of odd-even pattern of electron pairing on behavior of gold clusters in polyaniline/AuN (N = 0 to 8) has been confirmed experimentally. In these composites the atomic Au clusters with even number of atoms exhibit higher catalytic activity for electrochemical oxidation of n-propanol in 1 M NaOH than the odd-number atoms clusters. Also, infrared spectroscopy shows that even numbered PANI/AuN composites affect the N-H stretching vibration more strongly than the corresponding odd numbered ones. This behavior matches the theoretically predicted variations of HOMO-LUMO gap energy and the stability of the atomic Au clusters. It also agrees with the earlier experimental work in which the UPS spectra of isolated, mass-selected Au clusters have been reported.
Correlation of Secondary Organic Aerosol with Odd Oxygen in Mexico City
Herndon, Scott C.; Onasch, Timothy B.; Wood, Ezra C.; Kroll, Jesse H.; Canagaratna, M. R.; Jayne, John T.; Zavala, Miguel A.; Knighton, W. Berk; Mazzoleni, Claudio; Dubey, Manvendra K.; Ulbrich, Ingrid M.; Jimenez, Jose L.; Seila, Robert; de Gouw, Joost A.; de Foy, B.; Fast, Jerome D.; Molina, Luisa T.; Kolb, C. E.; Worsnop, Douglas R.
2008-08-05
Data collected from a mountain location within the Mexico City limits are used to demonstrate a correlation between secondary organic aerosol and odd-oxygen (O3 + NO2). Positive matrix factorization techniques are employed to separate organic aerosol components: hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol; oxidized-organic aerosol; and biomass burning organic aerosol. The measured hydrocarbon-like organic aerosol is correlated with urban CO (8±1) µg m-3 ppmv-1. The measured oxidized-organic aerosol is associated with photochemical oxidation products and correlates with odd-oxygen with an apparent slope of (70-120) µg m-3 ppmv-1. The dependence of the oxidized-organic aerosol to odd-oxygen correlation on the nature of the gas-phase hydrocarbon profile is discussed.
Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M.; Vitturi, A.
2007-02-02
We investigate phase transitions in boson-fermion systems. We propose an analytically solvable model [E(5/12)] to describe odd nuclei at the critical point in the transition from the spherical to {gamma}-unstable behavior. In the model, a boson core described within the Bohr Hamiltonian interacts with an unpaired particle assumed to be moving in the three single-particle orbitals j=1/2, 3/2, 5/2. Energy spectra and electromagnetic transitions at the critical point compare well with the results obtained within the interacting boson-fermion model, with a boson-fermion Hamiltonian that describes the same physical situation.
Even-odd effects in Z and N distributions of fragments emitted at intermediate energies
Lombardo, I.; Lanzalone, G.; Agodi, C.; Amorini, F.; Anzalone, A.; Han, J.; Maiolino, C.; Auditore, L.; Loria, D.; Trifiro, A.; Trimarchi, M.; Berceanu, I.; Cardella, G.; De Filippo, E.; Pagano, A.; Papa, M.; Pirrone, S.; Cavallaro, S.; Porto, F.; Rizzo, F.
2011-08-15
Even-odd effects in Z and N distributions of light fragments emitted at forward angles in nuclear collisions {sup 40}Ca + {sup 40}Ca, {sup 40}Ca + {sup 48}Ca, and {sup 48}Ca + {sup 48}Ca at 25 MeV/nucleon and identified in charge and mass with the Chimera multidetector have been analyzed. The amplitude of even-odd staggering effects seems to be related to the neutron to proton ratio N/Z of the entrance channels. A qualitative explanation of this effect, taking into account the deexcitation phase of primary excited fragments, is discussed.
Measurements of radiative lifetime of high-lying odd parity energy levels of U I
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Das, R. C.; Mandal, P. K.; Shah, M. L.; Seema, A. U.; Rathod, D. R.; Dev, Vas; Manohar, K. G.; Suri, B. M.
2012-03-01
We have measured the radiative lifetimes of nine odd-parity high-lying energy levels of atomic uranium (U I) using pump probe techniques. These measurements were carried out by employing a resonance ionisation mass spectrometry (RIMS) setup consisting of three dye lasers and a Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometer (TOF-MS). In most of the cases, our measurement values match reasonably well with those reported in the literature; however, large deviations were also observed in two long-lived cases, which we have tried to explain. The lifetimes of three odd parity energy levels of U I were measured for the first time.
T-odd quark-gluon-quark correlation function in the diquark model
Zhun Lu; Ivan Schmidt
2012-09-02
We study the transverse momentum dependent quark-gluon-quark correlation function. Using a spectator diquark model, we calculate the eight time-reversal-odd interaction-dependent twist-3 quark distributions appearing in the decomposition of the transverse momentum dependent quark-gluon-quark correlator. In order to obtain finite results, we assume a dipole form factor for the nucleon-quark-diquark coupling, instead of a point-like coupling. The results are compared with the time-reversal-odd interaction-independent twist-3 TMDs calculated in the same model.
Next-to-leading order NMSSM decays with CP-odd Higgs bosons and stops
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Baglio, J.; Krauss, C. O.; Mühlleitner, M.; Walz, K.
2015-10-01
We compute the full next-to-leading order supersymmetric (SUSY) electroweak (EW) and SUSY-QCD corrections to the decays of CP-odd NMSSM Higgs bosons into stop pairs. In our numerical analysis we also present the decay of the heavier stop into the lighter stop and an NMSSM CP-odd Higgs boson. Both the EW and the SUSY-QCD corrections are found to be significant and have to be taken into account for a proper prediction of the decay widths.
Stimulus-parity synaesthesia versus stimulus-dichotomy synaesthesia: Odd, even or something else?
White, Rebekah C.; Plassart, Anna
2015-01-01
In stimulus-parity synaesthesia, a range of stimuli—for example, letters, numbers, weekdays, months, and colours (the inducers)—elicit an automatic feeling of oddness or evenness (the concurrent). This phenomenon was first described by Théodore Flournoy in 1893, and has only recently been “rediscovered.” Here, we describe an individual who experiences a comparable phenomenon, but uses the labels negative and positive rather than odd and even. Stimulus-parity synaesthesia may be broader than first supposed, and it is important that assessments are sensitive to this breadth. PMID:26034572
Time-odd components in the mean field of rotating superdeformed nuclei
J. Dobaczewski; J. Dudek
1995-02-10
Rotation-induced time-odd components in the nuclear mean field are analyzed using the Hartree-Fock cranking approach with effective interactions SIII, SkM*, and SkP. Identical dynamical moments ${{\\cal J}^{(2)}}$ are obtained for pairs of superdeformed bands $^{151}$Tb(2)--$^{152}$Dy(1) and $^{150}$Gd(2)--$^{151}$Tb(1). The corresponding relative alignments strongly depend on which time-odd mean-field terms are taken into account in the Hartree-Fock equations.
Microscopic description of the odd-even effect in cold fission
M. Mirea
2013-09-27
The time dependent equations of motion for the pair breaking effect were corroborated with a condition that fixes dynamically the number of particles on the two fission fragment. The single particle level scheme was calculated with the Woods-Saxon superasymmetric two center shell model. This model provides a continuous variation of the energies from one nucleus up to two separated fragments. The dissipated energy resorts from the time dependent pairing equations. A peculiar phenomenon was observed experimentally in cold fission: the odd partition yields are favored over the even ones. This odd-even effect for cold fission was explained microscopically.
Time-Delayed Feedback Control Design Beyond the Odd Number Limitation
Kestutis Pyragas; Viktor Novicenko
2013-05-07
We present an algorithm for a time-delayed feedback control design to stabilize periodic orbits with an odd number of positive Floquet exponents in autonomous systems. Due to the so-called odd number theorem such orbits have been considered as uncontrollable by time-delayed feedback methods. However, this theorem has been refuted by a counterexample and recently a corrected version of the theorem has been proved. In our algorithm, the control matrix is designed using a relationship between Floquet multipliers of the systems controlled by time-delayed and proportional feedback. The efficacy of the algorithm is demonstrated with the Lorenz and Chua systems.
Time-odd triaxial relativistic mean field approach for nuclear magnetic moments
J. M. Yao; H. Chen; J. Meng
2006-06-21
The time-odd triaxial relativistic mean field approach is developed and applied to the investigation of the ground-state properties of light odd-mass nuclei near the double-closed shells. The nuclear magnetic moments including the isoscalar and isovector ones are calculated and good agreement with Schmidt values is obtained. Taking $^{17}$F as an example, the splitting of the single particle levels (around $~0.7$ MeV near the Fermi level), the nuclear current, the core polarizations, and the nuclear magnetic potential, i.e., the spatial part of the vector potential, due to the violation of the time reversal invariance are investigated in detail.
Nuclear state densities of odd-mass heavy nuclei in the shell model Monte Carlo approach
Özen, C; Nakada, H
2013-01-01
While the shell model Monte Carlo approach has been successful in the microscopic calculation of nuclear state densities, it has been difficult to calculate accurately state densities of odd-even heavy nuclei. This is because the projection on an odd number of particles in the shell model Monte Carlo method leads to a sign problem at low temperatures, making it impractical to extract the ground-state energy in direct Monte Carlo calculations. We show that the ground-state energy can be extracted to a good precision by using level counting data at low excitation energies and the neutron resonance data at the neutron threshold energy. This allows us to extend recent applications of the shell-model Monte Carlo method in even-even rare-earth nuclei to the odd-even isotopic chains of $^{149-155}$Sm and $^{143-149}$Nd. We calculate the state densities of the odd-even samarium and neodymium isotopes and find close agreement with the state densities extracted from experimental data.
Nuclear state densities of odd-mass heavy nuclei in the shell model Monte Carlo approach
C. Özen; Y. Alhassid; H. Nakada
2013-04-27
While the shell model Monte Carlo approach has been successful in the microscopic calculation of nuclear state densities, it has been difficult to calculate accurately state densities of odd-even heavy nuclei. This is because the projection on an odd number of particles in the shell model Monte Carlo method leads to a sign problem at low temperatures, making it impractical to extract the ground-state energy in direct Monte Carlo calculations. We show that the ground-state energy can be extracted to a good precision by using level counting data at low excitation energies and the neutron resonance data at the neutron threshold energy. This allows us to extend recent applications of the shell-model Monte Carlo method in even-even rare-earth nuclei to the odd-even isotopic chains of $^{149-155}$Sm and $^{143-149}$Nd. We calculate the state densities of the odd-even samarium and neodymium isotopes and find close agreement with the state densities extracted from experimental data.
Odd-Order Aberration-Cancellation in Correlated-Photon Imaging
D. S. Simon; A. V. Sergienko
2010-08-04
We discuss a correlated two-photon imaging apparatus that is capable of producing images that are free of the effects of odd-order aberration introduced by the optical system. We show that both quantum-entangled and classically correlated light sources are capable of producing the desired spatial-aberration cancelation.
Walter, M.Todd
Sustainable jobs: Are new technologies and U.S. business priorities at odds with sustaining with employment. Others argue that technology will "save us" and generate the sustainable jobs of the future. What sustainable job growth? What are the long-term effects of greater numbers of unemployed and under- employed
Why the Faulhaber Polynomials Are Sums of Even or Odd Powers of (n + 1/2)
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Hersh, Reuben
2012-01-01
By extending Faulhaber's polynomial to negative values of n, the sum of the p'th powers of the first n integers is seen to be an even or odd polynomial in (n + 1/2) and therefore expressible in terms of the sum of the first n integers.
Lesson of the week Playing the odds in clinical decision making
Penny, Will
Lesson of the week Playing the odds in clinical decision making: lessons from berry aneurysms resonance angiography to miss sizeable intracranial aneurysms and to highlight the value of simple neurological deficits.1 2 Intra- cranial aneurysms, the commonest cause of subarach- noid haemorrhage, may
High Schools in California That Are Beating the Odds and How They Are Doing It
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Viloria, Jason
2012-01-01
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to determine the common programs and practices that Beating the Odds (BTO) high schools in California are using to achieve high graduation rates. More specifically, this study identifies specific programs and practices that the high schools are using to address at-risk student behaviors as well as…
Calculation of odds ratios on the TI-59 from logistic regression output.
Hirsch, R P
1987-01-01
A program for the Texas Instruments TI-59 and, optionally, a print cradle is described that allows calculation of point estimates and confidence intervals for odds ratios using information included in the output from most logistic regression programs. The program considers up to fifteen continuous and/or dichotomous independent variables. PMID:3581804
Delaware Middle Schools Beating the Odds. Technical Report Number T2010.4
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Grusenmeyer, Linda; Fifield, Steve; Murphy, Aideen; Nian, Qinghua; Qian, Xiaoyu
2010-01-01
The investigation identified Delaware public and charter middle schools across the state which outperformed other Delaware middle schools with similar student demographic profiles. Teachers and administrators at six of these "Beating the Odds" schools and at six comparison middle schools were surveyed regarding their schools characteristics and…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Schwarz, Susan Wile; Aratani, Yumiko
2011-01-01
For policymakers, adolescence presents an invaluable opportunity to ensure that all young people can access the high-quality services and supports they need to improve their odds of becoming successful, healthy, productive adults. At an historic moment when the provisions and breadth of health care reform are under vigorous debate, it is important…
Community Opportunity, Perceptions of Opportunity, and the Odds of an Adolescent Birth
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Driscoll, Anne; Sugland, Barbara; Manlove, Jennifer; Papillo, Angela
2005-01-01
The ability of the opportunity cost framework to predict the risk of a teen birth is tested by analyzing the relationship between adolescents perceptions of opportunity and the odds of a teen birth across levels of community opportunity. Patterns of this relationship are compared across African American, Latina, and White teens and across…
The numerology of gender: gendered perceptions of even and odd numbers.
Wilkie, James E B; Bodenhausen, Galen V
2015-01-01
Do numbers have gender? Wilkie and Bodenhausen (2012) examined this issue in a series of experiments on perceived gender. They examined the perceived gender of baby faces and foreign names. Arbitrary numbers presented with these faces and names influenced their perceived gender. Specifically, odd numbers connoted masculinity, while even numbers connoted femininity. In two new studies (total N = 315), we further examined the gendering of numbers. The first study examined explicit ratings of 1-digit numbers. We confirmed that odd numbers seemed masculine while even numbers seemed feminine. Although both men and women showed this pattern, it was more pronounced among women. We also examined whether this pattern holds for automatic as well as deliberated reactions. Results of an Implicit Association Test showed that it did, but only among the women. The implicit and explicit patterns of numerical gender ascription were moderately correlated. The second study examined explicit perceptions of 2-digit numbers. Again, women viewed odd numbers as more masculine and less feminine than even numbers. However, men viewed 2-digit numbers as relatively masculine, regardless of whether they were even or odd. These results indicate that women and men impute gender to numbers in different ways and to different extents. We discuss possible implications for understanding how people relate to and are influenced by numbers in a variety of real-life contexts. PMID:26113839
Odds and ends Security in Allium is several layers deep. The
Brinkmann, Peter
who doesn't have access to privileged content won't even know it's there. The second layer is the webOdds and ends Â· Security in Allium is several layers deep. The first layer is obscurity; someone to the database. If an attacker should get past the web layer, then the database layer will catch this and deny
The N3 is sensitive to odd-even congruency information in arithmetic fact retrieval.
Chen, Yalin; Campbell, Jamie I D; Liu, Chang
2013-04-01
This study investigated the behavioral and electrophysiological effects elicited by adults' simple addition verification when false answers agree or disagree with the odd-even status of the correct sum (parity congruency vs. parity incongruency), while they are near or far from correct (small vs. large splits). Event-related brain potentials were recorded from 18 students using a first-answer-then-problem paradigm. The results showed that odd-even congruency had a significant effect on the N3 latency with a small, but not a large split. Specifically, odd-even congruent answers with a small split elicited an N3 with a longer latency. Analyses of RT similarly indicated a bigger parity-congruency effect with small-split answers compared with large-split answers. This pattern parallels the corresponding effects on N3 and confirms that the N3 is sensitive to odd-even information in arithmetic fact retrieval and that there are clear links between the event-related brain potential pattern and behavioral effects. PMID:23354663
Barium even-to-odd isotope abundance ratios in thick disk and thin disk stars
L. Mashonkina; G. Zhao
2006-07-06
We present the Ba even-to-odd isotope abundance ratios in 25 cool dwarf stars with the metallicity [Fe/H] ranged between 0.25 and --1.35. Our method takes advantage of the hyperfine structure (HFS) affecting the \\ion{Ba}{ii} resonance line of the odd isotopes. The fractional abundance of the odd isotopes of Ba is derived from a requirement that Ba abundances from the resonance line $\\lambda 4554$ and subordinate lines $\\lambda 5853$ and $\\lambda 6496$ must be equal. The results are based on NLTE line formation and analysis of high resolution (R $\\sim60000$) high signal-to-noise (S/N $\\ge 200$) observed spectra. We find that the fraction of the odd isotopes of Ba grows toward the lower Ba abundance (or metallicity) and the mean value in the thick disk stars equals 33 $\\pm$ 4%. This indicates the higher contribution of the $r-$process to barium in the thick disk stars compared to the solar system matter. The obtained fraction increases with the [Eu/Ba] abundance ratio growth in agreement with expectations. A significant fraction of the \\emph{even} isotopes of Ba found in old Galactic stars (the thick disk stars), $\\sim67$%, is in contrast to the prediction of the "classical" model of the $s-$process and favors the value predicted by the "stellar" models of Arlandini et al. (1999) and Travaglio et al. (1999).
The numerology of gender: gendered perceptions of even and odd numbers
Wilkie, James E. B.; Bodenhausen, Galen V.
2015-01-01
Do numbers have gender? Wilkie and Bodenhausen (2012) examined this issue in a series of experiments on perceived gender. They examined the perceived gender of baby faces and foreign names. Arbitrary numbers presented with these faces and names influenced their perceived gender. Specifically, odd numbers connoted masculinity, while even numbers connoted femininity. In two new studies (total N = 315), we further examined the gendering of numbers. The first study examined explicit ratings of 1-digit numbers. We confirmed that odd numbers seemed masculine while even numbers seemed feminine. Although both men and women showed this pattern, it was more pronounced among women. We also examined whether this pattern holds for automatic as well as deliberated reactions. Results of an Implicit Association Test showed that it did, but only among the women. The implicit and explicit patterns of numerical gender ascription were moderately correlated. The second study examined explicit perceptions of 2-digit numbers. Again, women viewed odd numbers as more masculine and less feminine than even numbers. However, men viewed 2-digit numbers as relatively masculine, regardless of whether they were even or odd. These results indicate that women and men impute gender to numbers in different ways and to different extents. We discuss possible implications for understanding how people relate to and are influenced by numbers in a variety of real-life contexts. PMID:26113839
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Vinnerljung, Bo; Franzen, Eva; Danielsson, Maria
2007-01-01
To assess prevalence and odds for teenage parenthood among former child welfare clients, we used national register data for all children born in Sweden 1972-1983 (n = 1,178,207), including 49,582 former child welfare clients with varying intervention experiences. Logistic regression models, adjusted for demographic, socio-economic and familial…
Time-odd components in the rotating mean field and identical bands
J. Dobaczewski; J. Dudek
1995-10-04
A systematic construction of the energy-density functional within the local density approximation is presented. The Hartree-Fock equations corresponding to such a functional are solved in case of rotating superdeformed nuclei. The identical bands in $^{152}$Dy, $^{151}$Tb, and $^{150}$Gd are investigated and the time-odd components in the rotating mean field are analyzed.
Strong odd-frequency correlations in fully gapped Zeeman-split superconductors
Linder, Jacob; Robinson, Jason W. A.
2015-10-27
in the pioneering S/FI (where FI is a insulating ferromagnet) tunneling experiments of Meservey and Tedrow, and we derive a generalized analytical criterium to describe the effect of odd-frequency pairing on the DoS. Finally, we propose a simple experiment in which...
Diverging scaling with converging multisite entanglement in odd and even quantum Heisenberg ladders
Sudipto Singha Roy; Himadri Shekhar Dhar; Debraj Rakshit; Aditi Sen De; Ujjwal Sen
2015-05-22
We investigate finite-size scaling of genuine multisite entanglement in the ground state of quantum spin-1/2 Heisenberg ladders. We obtain the ground states of odd- and even-legged Heisenberg ladder Hamiltonians and compute genuine multisite entanglement, the generalized geometric measure (GGM), which shows that for even rungs, GGM increases for odd-legged ladder while it decreases for even ones. Interestingly, the ground state obtained by short-range dimer coverings, under the resonating valence bond (RVB) ansatz, encapsulates the qualitative features of GGM for both the ladders. We find that while the GGMs for higher legged odd- and even-ladders converge to a single value in the asymptotic limit of a large number of rungs, the finite-size scaling exponents of the same tend to diverge. The scaling exponent of GGM obtained by employing density matrix recursion method is therefore a reliable quantity in distinguishing the odd-even dichotomy in Heisenberg ladders, even when the corresponding multisite entanglements merge.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gadow, Kenneth D.; Drabick, Deborah A. G.
2012-01-01
We examined differences in co-occurring psychological symptoms and background characteristics among clinically referred youth with oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) with and without anger/irritability symptoms (AIS) according to either parent or teacher (source-exclusive) and both informants (cross-informant), youth with noncompliant symptoms…
Parent Training for Families of Children with Comorbid ADHD and ODD
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Danforth, Jeffrey S.
2006-01-01
This paper presents the details of a parent training program for families of children with comorbid ADHD/ODD. The goal of the training is to develop specific parenting skills that promote pro-social compliance and decrease disruptive child behavior. There are two parts to the parent training program. First, a theoretical framework of interactions…
Mother-Teacher Agreement on Preschoolers' Symptoms of ODD and CD: Does Context Matter?
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Strickland, Jennifer; Hopkins, Joyce; Keenan, Kate
2012-01-01
The aims of this study were to examine mother-teacher agreement on oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and diagnoses in preschool children; to determine if context is a source of disagreement; and to explore if sex, referral status, and age moderated agreement rates. Participants included 158 male and 139 female…
Optical Tomography of Photon-Added Coherent States, Even/Odd Coherent States and Thermal States
Korennoy, Ya A
2011-01-01
Explicit expressions for optical tomograms of the photon-added coherent states, even/odd photon-added coherent states and photon-added thermal states are given in terms of Hermite polynomials. Suggestions for experimental homodyne detection of the considered photon states are presented.
NEW LOWER BOUNDS FOR CONVEX HULL PROBLEMS IN ODD DIMENSIONS \\Lambda
Erickson, Jeff
, 44, 47, 48]. Over twenty years ago, Graham described an algorithm that constructs the convex hullÂwrapping'' algorithm that constructs convex hulls in arÂ bitrary dimensions in time O(nf ); see also [47]. SeidelNEW LOWER BOUNDS FOR CONVEX HULL PROBLEMS IN ODD DIMENSIONS \\Lambda JEFF ERICKSON y Abstract. We
New Lower Bounds for Convex Hull Problems in Odd Dimensions \\Lambda
Erickson, Jeff
an algorithm that constructs the convex hull of n points in the plane in O(n log n) time [15]. The same runningÂ sions [10, 8]. Chazelle [7] describes an algorithm for constructing convex hulls in IR d in time O(n bdNew Lower Bounds for Convex Hull Problems in Odd Dimensions \\Lambda Jeff Erickson Computer Science
Abundances of Vanadium and Bromine in 3 Cen A: Additional Odd-Z Anomalies
Cowley, C R
2005-01-01
We report abundance excesses of 1.2 and 2.6 dex, respectively, for vanadium and bromine in the hot, peculiar star 3 Cen A. Abundances for these two odd-Z elements have not been previously reported for this star. Taken with previous work, they strengthen the case of the origin of the abundance peculiarities by diffusion.
Abundances of Vanadium and Bromine in 3 Cen A: Additional Odd-Z Anomalies
C. R. Cowley; G. M. Wahlgren
2005-12-12
We report abundance excesses of 1.2 and 2.6 dex, respectively, for vanadium and bromine in the hot, peculiar star 3 Cen A. Abundances for these two odd-Z elements have not been previously reported for this star. Taken with previous work, they strengthen the case of the origin of the abundance peculiarities by diffusion.
Probing a light CP-odd scalar in di-top-associated production at the LHC
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Casolino, Mirkoantonio; Farooque, Trisha; Juste, Aurelio; Liu, Tao; Spannowsky, Michael
2015-10-01
CP-odd scalars are an integral part of many extensions of the Standard Model. Recently, electroweak-scale pseudoscalars have received increased attention in explaining the diffuse gamma-ray excess from the Galactic Centre. Elusive due to absence of direct couplings to gauge bosons, these particles receive only weak constraints from direct searches at LEP or searches performed during the first LHC runs. We investigate the LHC's sensitivity in probing a CP-odd scalar in the mass range 20 ? m_A ? 100 GeV via di-top-associated production using jet-substructure-based reconstruction techniques. We parameterise the scalar's interactions using a simplified model approach and relate the obtained upper limits to couplings within type-I and type-II 2HDMs as well as the NMSSM. We find that in di-top-associated production, experiments at the LHC can set tight limits on CP-odd scalars that fit the Galactic Centre excess. However, direct sensitivity to light CP-odd scalars from the NMSSM remains challenging.
Building and Solving Odd-One-Out Classification Problems: A Systematic Approach
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Ruiz, Philippe E.
2011-01-01
Classification problems ("find the odd-one-out") are frequently used as tests of inductive reasoning to evaluate human or animal intelligence. This paper introduces a systematic method for building the set of all possible classification problems, followed by a simple algorithm for solving the problems of the R-ASCM, a psychometric test derived…
Muon signals of very light CP-odd Higgs states of the NMSSM at the LHC
Almarashi, M. M.; Moretti, S.
2011-02-01
We study here the {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} decay mode of a very light CP-odd Higgs boson of the NMSSM, a{sub 1}, produced in association with a bottom-antibottom pair and find that, despite small event rates, a significant signal should be extractable from the SM background at the LHC with high luminosity.
Odd-mass nickel isotopes in a generalized-seniority approach O. Monnoye,1
Engel, Jonathan
Odd-mass nickel isotopes in a generalized-seniority approach O. Monnoye,1 S. Pittel,2 J. Engel,3 J Carolina 27715 Received 4 January 2002; published 1 April 2002 The nickel isotopes exist over a wide range experimental results on some neutron-rich nickel isotopes 9 exhibit features that remain unexplained in a shell
Hospitals With Higher Nurse Staffing Had Lower Odds Of Readmissions Penalties Than Hospitals With
Small, Dylan
1 Hospitals With Higher Nurse Staffing Had Lower Odds Of Readmissions Penalties Than Hospitals of Pennsylvania. 1. *Corresponding author Abstract The Affordable Care Act's Hospital Readmissions Reduction Program (HRRP) penalizes hospitals based on excess readmission rates among Medicare beneficiaries. The aim
Physical Education and Physical Activity: A Historical Perspective
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Guedes, Claudia
2007-01-01
Although many recent studies have shown that the lack of physical activity is one of the major causes of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease among children and adolescents, few studies have shown the connection between the lack of physical education and the prevalence of a sedentary lifestyle. However, it is clear that physical education…
1. Locate one orange fiber shown here in one of the optic box (it is 15 meter long).
McDonald, Kirk
1. Locate one orange fiber shown here in one of the optic box (it is 15 meter long). 2. Locate end of the orange fiber into the fiber checker by inserting the SMA connector into the ferule they won't move) 5. Couple the other end of the orange fiber into the #1 illumination input port shown here
Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR
2012-01-01
... governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. 221.201 Section 221.201 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... Electronically Filed Tariffs § 221.201 Statement of filing with foreign governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. (a) Every electronic tariff filed by or on behalf of an air carrier that contains...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-01-01
... governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. 221.201 Section 221.201 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... Electronically Filed Tariffs § 221.201 Statement of filing with foreign governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. (a) Every electronic tariff filed by or on behalf of an air carrier that contains...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR
2013-01-01
... governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. 221.201 Section 221.201 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE... Electronically Filed Tariffs § 221.201 Statement of filing with foreign governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. (a) Every electronic tariff filed by or on behalf of an air carrier that contains...
Grodner, E; Gadea, A; Sarriguren, P; Lenzi, S M; Grebosz, J; Valiente-Dobón, J J; Algora, A; Górska, M; Regan, P H; Rudolph, D; de Angelis, G; Agramunt, J; Alkhomashi, N; Amon Susam, L; Bazzacco, D; Benlliure, J; Benzoni, G; Boutachkov, P; Bracco, A; Caceres, L; Cakirli, R B; Crespi, F C L; Domingo-Pardo, C; Doncel, M; Dombrádi, Zs; Doornenbal, P; Farnea, E; Ganio?lu, E; Gelletly, W; Gerl, J; Gottardo, A; Hüyük, T; Kurz, N; Leoni, S; Mengoni, D; Molina, F; Morales, A I; Orlandi, R; Oktem, Y; Page, R D; Perez, D; Pietri, S; Podolyák, Zs; Poves, A; Quintana, B; Rinta-Antila, S; Rubio, B; Nara Singh, B S; Steer, A N; Verma, S; Wadsworth, R; Wieland, O; Wollersheim, H J
2014-08-29
Search for a new kind of superfluidity built on collective proton-neutron pairs with aligned spin is performed studying the Gamow-Teller decay of the T=1, J(?)=0+ ground state of (62)Ge into excited states of the odd-odd N=Z nucleus (62)Ga. The experiment is performed at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Shwerionenforshung with the (62)Ge ions selected by the fragment separator and implanted in a stack of Si-strip detectors, surrounded by the RISING Ge array. A half-life of T1/2=82.9(14)??ms is measured for the (62)Ge ground state. Six excited states of (62)Ga, populated below 2.5 MeV through Gamow-Teller transitions, are identified. Individual Gamow-Teller transition strengths agree well with theoretical predictions of the interacting shell model and the quasiparticle random phase approximation. The absence of any sizable low-lying Gamow-Teller strength in the reported beta-decay experiment supports the hypothesis of a negligible role of coherent T=0 proton-neutron correlations in (62)Ga. PMID:25215980
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Grodner, E.; Gadea, A.; Sarriguren, P.; Lenzi, S. M.; Gr?bosz, J.; Valiente-Dobón, J. J.; Algora, A.; Górska, M.; Regan, P. H.; Rudolph, D.; de Angelis, G.; Agramunt, J.; Alkhomashi, N.; Amon Susam, L.; Bazzacco, D.; Benlliure, J.; Benzoni, G.; Boutachkov, P.; Bracco, A.; Caceres, L.; Cakirli, R. B.; Crespi, F. C. L.; Domingo-Pardo, C.; Doncel, M.; Dombrádi, Zs.; Doornenbal, P.; Farnea, E.; Ganio?lu, E.; Gelletly, W.; Gerl, J.; Gottardo, A.; Hüyük, T.; Kurz, N.; Leoni, S.; Mengoni, D.; Molina, F.; Morales, A. I.; Orlandi, R.; Oktem, Y.; Page, R. D.; Perez, D.; Pietri, S.; Podolyák, Zs.; Poves, A.; Quintana, B.; Rinta-Antila, S.; Rubio, B.; Nara Singh, B. S.; Steer, A. N.; Verma, S.; Wadsworth, R.; Wieland, O.; Wollersheim, H. J.
2014-08-01
Search for a new kind of superfluidity built on collective proton-neutron pairs with aligned spin is performed studying the Gamow-Teller decay of the T=1, J?=0+ ground state of Ge62 into excited states of the odd-odd N =Z nucleus Ga62. The experiment is performed at GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Shwerionenforshung with the Ge62 ions selected by the fragment separator and implanted in a stack of Si-strip detectors, surrounded by the RISING Ge array. A half-life of T1/2=82.9(14) ms is measured for the Ge62 ground state. Six excited states of Ga62, populated below 2.5 MeV through Gamow-Teller transitions, are identified. Individual Gamow-Teller transition strengths agree well with theoretical predictions of the interacting shell model and the quasiparticle random phase approximation. The absence of any sizable low-lying Gamow-Teller strength in the reported beta-decay experiment supports the hypothesis of a negligible role of coherent T =0 proton-neutron correlations in Ga62.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Scholtens, Sara; Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Tillman, Carin M.; Rydell, Ann-Margret
2012-01-01
Objective: To examine the effects of symptoms of ADHD and ODD and cognitive functioning on social acceptance and positive bias in children. Method: The sample consisted of 86 children (49 girls) between 7 and 13 years old, recruited to reflect a wide range of ADHD symptoms. Parents and teachers reported on ADHD and ODD symptoms and social…
A VISUAL PROOF OF A RESULT OF KNUTH ON SPANNING TREES OF AZTEC DIAMONDS IN THE CASE OF ODD ORDER
Ciucu, Mihai
A VISUAL PROOF OF A RESULT OF KNUTH ON SPANNING TREES OF AZTEC DIAMONDS IN THE CASE OF ODD ORDER MIHAI CIUCU Abstract. The even Aztec diamond ADn is known to have precisely four times more spanning trees than the odd Aztec diamond ODn --- this was conjectured by Stanley and first proved by Knuth. We
Further Evidence of the Reliability and Validity of DSM-IV ODD and CD in Preschool Children
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Keenan, Kate; Wakschlag, Lauren S.; Danis, Barbara; Hill, Carri; Humphries, Marisha; Duax, Jeanne; Donald, Radiah
2007-01-01
Objective: To test the reliability and validity of DSM-IV oppositional defiant and conduct disorders (ODD and CD) and symptoms using the Kiddie Disruptive Behavior Disorders Schedule and generate data on the manifestation of symptoms of ODD and CD in 3- to 5-year-old children. Method: One hundred twenty-three consecutive referrals to a child and…
Prospectively Assessed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Associated Physical Activity
LeardMann, Cynthia A.; Kelton, Molly L.; Smith, Besa; Littman, Alyson J.; Boyko, Edward J.; Wells, Timothy S.; Smith, Tyler C.
2011-01-01
Objectives We examined the association of physical activity with prospectively assessed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a military cohort. Methods Using baseline and follow-up questionnaire data from a large prospective study of U.S. service members, we applied multivariable logistic regression to examine the adjusted odds of new-onset and persistent PTSD symptoms associated with light/moderate physical activity, vigorous physical activity, and strength training at follow-up. Results Of the 38,883 participants, 89.4% reported engaging in at least 30 minutes of physical activity per week. At follow-up, those who reported proportionately less physical activity were more likely to screen positive for PTSD. Vigorous physical activity had the most consistent relationship with PTSD. Those who reported at least 20 minutes of vigorous physical activity twice weekly had significantly decreased odds for new-onset (odds ratio [OR] = 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49, 0.70) and persistent (OR=0.59, 95% CI 0.42, 0.83) PTSD symptoms. Conclusions Engagement in physical activity, especially vigorous activity, is significantly associated with decreased odds of PTSD symptoms among U.S. service members. While further longitudinal research is necessary, a physical activity component may be valuable to PTSD treatment and prevention programs. PMID:21553666
Junghans, A. R.; Benlliure, J.; Schmidt, K.-H.; Voss, B.; Boeckstiegel, C.; Clerc, H.-G.; Grewe, A.; Heinz, A.; Jong, M. de; Mueller, J.; Steinhaeuser, S.; Pfuetzner, M.
1999-09-02
Nuclear-charge yields of fragments produced by fission of neutron-deficient isotopes of uranium, protactinium, actinium, and radium have been measured. These radioactive isotopes were produced as secondary beams, and electromagnetic fission was induced in a lead target with an average excitation energy around 11 MeV. The local even-odd effect in symmetric and in asymmetric fission of thorium isotopes is found to be independent of Z{sup 2}/A. The charge yields of the fission fragments of the odd-Z fissioning protactinium and actinium show a pronounced even-odd effect. In asymmetric fission the unpaired proton predominantly sticks to the heavy fragment. A statistical model based on the single-particle level density at the Fermi energy is able to reproduce the overall trend of the local even-odd effects both in even-Z and odd-Z fissioning systems.
McCarthy-Jones, Simon; McCarthy-Jones, Roseline
2014-12-01
The relation between childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and physical health disorders in adulthood, and what factors may serve as mediators, remains poorly understood. Using data from the 2007 Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey (N=3,486), we tested whether CSA was associated with physical health disorders in adult women and if mediated effects via body mass index (BMI), anxiety/depression, alcohol dependence, and smoking were present. Compared to women with no CSA, women who had experienced CSA involving intercourse had more than twice the odds of being obese, more than 3 times the odds of experiencing mental health disorders, more than 4 times the odds of being alcohol dependent, more than 5 times the odds of being drug dependent, and more than 6 times the odds of attempting suicide. Those experiencing both CSA and child physical abuse (CPA) were on average over 11kg heavier than those with neither CSA nor CPA. After controlling for demographics, CPA, and childhood bullying, CSA was associated with the majority of physical health disorders studied (typically 50-100% increases in odds). Evidence was found consistent with mediation by BMI (typically accounting for 5-20% increases in odds) and anxiety/depression (typically accounting for 8-40% increases in odds), in a dose-response manner, for the majority of physical health disorders. Bidirectional relations among these mediators and physical health disorders, and residual confounding, may have led to overestimation of mediation through BMI and anxiety/depression and underestimation of mediation through alcohol/smoking. Relations between both CPA and childhood bullying and physical health disorders in adulthood were also found. Longitudinal studies employing more sensitive measures of potential mediators are now required. PMID:25459987
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Gerard, J.-C.; Roble, R. G.; Rusch, D. W.; Stewart, A. I.
1984-01-01
A two-dimensional model of odd nitrogen in the thermosphere and upper mesosphere is described. The global distributions of nitric oxide and atomic nitrogen are calculated for the solstice period for quiet and moderate magnetic activity during the solar minimum period. The effect of thermospheric transport by winds is investigated along with the importance of particle-induced ionization in the auroral zones. The results are compared with rocket and satellite measurements, and the sensitivity of the model to eddy diffusion and neutral winds is investigated. Downward fluxes of NO into the mesosphere are given, and their importance for stratospheric ozone is discussed. The results show that the summer-to-winter pole meridional circulation transports both NO and N(S-4) across the solar terminator into the polar night region where there is a downward vertical transport toward the mesosphere. The model shows that odd nitrogen densities at high winter latitudes are entirely controlled by particle precipitation and transport processes.
Di Bernardo, A.; Diesch, S.; Gu, Y.; Linder, J.; Divitini, G.; Ducati, C.; Scheer, E.; Blamire, M.G.; Robinson, J.W.A.
2015-01-01
The theory of superconductivity developed by Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer (BCS) explains the stabilization of electron pairs into a spin-singlet, even frequency, state by the formation of an energy gap within which the density of states is zero. At a superconductor interface with an inhomogeneous ferromagnet, a gapless odd frequency superconducting state is predicted, in which the Cooper pairs are in a spin-triplet state. Although indirect evidence for such a state has been obtained, the gap structure and pairing symmetry have not so far been determined. Here we report scanning tunnelling spectroscopy of Nb superconducting films proximity coupled to epitaxial Ho. These measurements reveal pronounced changes to the Nb subgap superconducting density of states on driving the Ho through a metamagnetic transition from a helical antiferromagnetic to a homogeneous ferromagnetic state for which a BCS-like gap is recovered. The results prove odd frequency spin-triplet superconductivity at superconductor/inhomogeneous magnet interfaces. PMID:26329811
Di Bernardo, A; Diesch, S; Gu, Y; Linder, J; Divitini, G; Ducati, C; Scheer, E; Blamire, M G; Robinson, J W A
2015-01-01
The theory of superconductivity developed by Bardeen, Cooper and Schrieffer (BCS) explains the stabilization of electron pairs into a spin-singlet, even frequency, state by the formation of an energy gap within which the density of states is zero. At a superconductor interface with an inhomogeneous ferromagnet, a gapless odd frequency superconducting state is predicted, in which the Cooper pairs are in a spin-triplet state. Although indirect evidence for such a state has been obtained, the gap structure and pairing symmetry have not so far been determined. Here we report scanning tunnelling spectroscopy of Nb superconducting films proximity coupled to epitaxial Ho. These measurements reveal pronounced changes to the Nb subgap superconducting density of states on driving the Ho through a metamagnetic transition from a helical antiferromagnetic to a homogeneous ferromagnetic state for which a BCS-like gap is recovered. The results prove odd frequency spin-triplet superconductivity at superconductor/inhomogeneous magnet interfaces. PMID:26329811
Negative parity states and some electromagnetic transition properties of even-odd erbium isotopes
Yazar, Harun Resit; Uluer, Ihsan
2007-03-15
The negative parity states and some electromagnetic transition properties of even-odd erbium isotopes ({sup 159,161,163,165}Er) were studied within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The single fermion is assumed to be in one of the lh{sub 9/2},3p{sub 3/2},2f{sub 5/2}, and 3p{sub 1/2} single-particle orbits. It was found that the calculated negative parity state energy spectra of the even-odd erbium isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data. The B(E2) values were also calculated and compared with the experimental data.
Rotational bands in odd-A Cm and Cf isotopes: Exploring the highest neutron orbitals
Tandel, S. K.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, U. S.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Gros, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Greene, J. P.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Peterson, D.; Robinson, A.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S.; Hartley, D. J.
2010-10-15
Rotational bands have been identified up to high spins ({approx_equal}28({h_bar}/2{pi})) in the odd-A nuclei {sup 247,249}Cm and {sup 249}Cf through inelastic excitation and transfer reactions around the Z=100 region where stability results from shell effects. The [620]1/2 Nilsson configuration in {sup 249}Cm is the highest-lying neutron orbital, from above the N=164 spherical subshell gap, for which high-spin rotational behavior has been established. The data allow for an unambiguous experimental assignment of configurations to the observed bands, unusual for odd-A nuclei near Z=100. The high-spin properties are described in terms of Woods-Saxon cranking calculations.
Rotational bands in odd-A Cm and Cf isotopes : exploring the highest neutron orbitals.
Tandel, S. K.; Chowdhury, P.; Lakshmi, S.; Tandel, U. S.; Ahmad, I.; Carpenter, M. P.; Gros, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Kondev, F. G.; Greene, J. P.; Hartley, D. J.; Lauritsen, T.; Lister, C. J.; Peterson, D.; Robinson, A.; Seweryniak, D.; Zhu, S.
2010-10-04
Rotational bands have been identified up to high spins ({approx}28{h_bar}) in the odd-A nuclei {sup 247,249}Cm and {sup 249}Cf through inelastic excitation and transfer reactions around the Z=100 region where stability results from shell effects. The [620]1/2 Nilsson configuration in {sup 249}Cm is the highest-lying neutron orbital, from above the N=164 spherical subshell gap, for which high-spin rotational behavior has been established. The data allow for an unambiguous experimental assignment of configurations to the observed bands, unusual for odd-A nuclei near Z=100. The high-spin properties are described in terms of Woods-Saxon cranking calculations.
Nuclear forces in the parity odd sector and the LS forces
Keiko Murano; for the HALQCD Collaboration
2011-12-09
In this paper, we report our first attempt at determining NN potentials in the parity odd sector including the spin-orbit force in lattice QCD, employing the method to extract successfully parity even NN potentials from Nambu-Bethe-Salpeter (NBS) wave functions through the Schr\\"odinger equation. Using Nf = 2 CP-PACS gauge configurations on a 16^3 x 32 lattice at a = 0.16 fm and m_\\pi \\cong 1.1 GeV, we calculate central, tensor and spin-orbit potentials in the parity odd sector. Although statistical errors are still large, we observe that the qualitative features of these potentials roughly agree with those of phenomenological potentials.
Odd tensor electric transitions in high-spin Sn-isomers and generalized seniority
Bhoomika Maheshwari; Ashok Kumar Jain
2015-12-15
The similar behavior of the B(E1) values of the recently observed 13- odd tensor E1 isomers and the B(E2) values of the 10+ and 15- even tensor E2 isomers in the Sn-isotopes has been understood in terms of the generalized seniority for multi-j orbits by using the quasi-spin scheme. This simple approach proves to be quite successful in explaining the measured transition probabilities and the corresponding half-lives in the high-spin isomers of the semi-magic Sn-isotopes. Hence, we show for the first time the occurrence of seniority isomers in the 13- Sn-isomers, which decay by odd-tensor E1 transitions to the same seniority states.
Odd tensor electric transitions in high-spin Sn-isomers and generalized seniority
Maheshwari, Bhoomika
2015-01-01
The similar behavior of the B(E1) values of the recently observed 13- odd tensor E1 isomers and the B(E2) values of the 10+ and 15- even tensor E2 isomers in the Sn-isotopes has been understood in terms of the generalized seniority for multi-j orbits by using the quasi-spin scheme. This simple approach proves to be quite successful in explaining the measured transition probabilities and the corresponding half-lives in the high-spin isomers of the semi-magic Sn-isotopes. Hence, we show for the first time the occurrence of seniority isomers in the 13- Sn-isomers, which decay by odd-tensor E1 transitions to the same seniority states.
E2 transition probabilities for decays of isomers observed in neutron-rich odd Sn isotopes
Iskra, ?. W.; Broda, R.; Janssens, R. V.F.; Wrzesi?ski, J.; Chiara, C. J.; Carpenter, M. P.; Fornal, B.; Hoteling, N.; Kondev, F. G.; Królas, W.; et al
2015-01-01
High-spin states were investigated with gamma coincidence techniques in neutron-rich Sn isotopes produced in fission processes following ??Ca + ²??Pb, ??Ca + ²³?U, and ??Ni + ²³?U reactions. By exploiting delayed and cross-coincidence techniques, level schemes have been delineated in odd ¹¹??¹²?Sn isotopes. Particular attention was paid to the occurrence of 19/2? and 23/2? isomeric states for which the available information has now been significantly extended. Reduced transition probabilities, B(E2), extracted from the measured half-lives and the established details of the isomeric decays exhibit a striking regularity. This behavior was compared with the previously observed regularity of the B(E2) amplitudesmore »for the seniority ? = 2 and 3, 10? and 27/2? isomers in even- and odd-Sn isotopes, respectively.« less
E2 transition probabilities for decays of isomers observed in neutron-rich odd Sn isotopes
Iskra, ?. W.; Broda, R.; Janssens, R. V.F.; Wrzesi?ski, J.; Chiara, C. J.; Carpenter, M. P.; Fornal, B.; Hoteling, N.; Kondev, F. G.; Królas, W.; Lauritsen, T.; Paw?at, T.; Seweryniak, D.; Stefanescu, I.; Walters, W. B.; Zhu, S.
2015-01-01
High-spin states were investigated with gamma coincidence techniques in neutron-rich Sn isotopes produced in fission processes following ??Ca + ²??Pb, ??Ca + ²³?U, and ??Ni + ²³?U reactions. By exploiting delayed and cross-coincidence techniques, level schemes have been delineated in odd ¹¹??¹²?Sn isotopes. Particular attention was paid to the occurrence of 19/2? and 23/2? isomeric states for which the available information has now been significantly extended. Reduced transition probabilities, B(E2), extracted from the measured half-lives and the established details of the isomeric decays exhibit a striking regularity. This behavior was compared with the previously observed regularity of the B(E2) amplitudes for the seniority ? = 2 and 3, 10? and 27/2? isomers in even- and odd-Sn isotopes, respectively.
Parity-odd correlators of diffuse gamma rays and intergalactic magnetic fields
Hiroyuki Tashiro; Tanmay Vachaspati
2014-09-12
We develop the connection between intergalactic helical magnetic fields and parity odd signatures in the diffuse gamma ray sky. We find that the location and the amplitude of a peak in a parity odd correlator, $Q(R)$, can be used to infer the normal and helical power spectra of the intergalactic magnetic field. When applied to Fermi-LAT data, the amplitude of the observed peak in $Q(R)$ gives $\\sim 10^{-14}~{\\rm G}$ intergalactic magnetic field strength, which is consistent with an earlier independent estimate that only used the peak location (Tashiro et al. 2014). We discuss features in the observed $Q(R)$ that further support the intergalactic magnetic field hypothesis and make predictions for future tests.
Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR
2011-10-01
...LAND MANAGEMENT, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR MINERALS MANAGEMENT (3000) LEASING OF SOLID MINERALS OTHER THAN COAL AND OIL SHALE Areas Available for Leasing Land Descriptions § 3503.30 How should I describe surveyed lands or lands shown on...
Nicholson, Bruce J.
for this project is shown below. ® Human Papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection for Disease Control and Prevention. Human Papillomavirus (HPV). Updated February 1, 2013. Provider
that was inclined by 150 from the horizontal plane is shown in Fig. 3. The speeds of the
Kim, Sang Kyu
that was inclined by 150 from the horizontal plane is shown in Fig. 3. The speeds of the drops, and the inclination of the gradient surface. Detailed understanding of the kinetics of drop motion on gradient
Test of the Universality of Naive-time-reversal-odd Fragmentation Functions
Daniel Boer; Zhong-Bo Kang; Werner Vogelsang; Feng Yuan
2010-08-20
We investigate the ''spontaneous'' hyperon transverse polarization in $e^+e^-$ annihilation and semi-inclusive deep inelastic scattering processes as a test of the universality of the naive-time-reversal-odd transverse momentum dependent fragmentation functions. We find that universality implies definite sign relations among various observables. This provides a unique opportunity to study initial/final state interaction effects in the fragmentation process and test the associated factorization.
Odd and even sums of generalized Fibonacci numbers by matrix methods
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Ho, C. K.; Chong, Chin-Yoon
2014-06-01
For integers A and B, and positive integers n, we define two generalized Fibonacci sequence {gn} and {hn}, respectively, by the recurrence relations gn+1 = Agn+gn-1 and hn+1 = hn+Bhn-1 where g0 = h0 = 0, g1 = h1 = 1. Using a matrix approach, we obtained the odd sum and even sum of the two sequences for all values of A and B.
Search for a light CP-odd Higgs boson in the radiative decays of J/psi
The BESIII Collaboration; M. Ablikim
2015-10-10
We search for a light Higgs boson $A^0$ in the fully reconstructed decay chain of $J/\\psi \\rightarrow \\gamma A^0$, $A^0 \\rightarrow \\mu^+\\mu^-$ using $(225.0\\pm2.8)\\times10^6$ $J/\\psi$ events collected by the BESIII experiment. The $A^0$ is a hypothetical CP-odd light Higgs boson predicted by many extensions of the Standard Model including the Next-to-Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. We find no evidence for $A^0$ production and set $90\\%$ confidence-level upper limits on the product branching fraction $\\mathcal{B}(J/\\psi \\rightarrow \\gamma A^0) \\times \\mathcal{B}(A^0 \\rightarrow \\mu^+\\mu^-)$ in the range of $(2.8-471.4)\\times 10^{-8}$ for $0.212 \\le m_{A^0} \\le 3.0$ GeV/$c^2$. The new limits are an order of magnitude below our previous results and can exclude a large portion of the parameter space of the new physics models.
Positive parity low spin states of odd-mass tellurium isotopes
Yazar, Harun Resit . E-mail: yazar@kku.edu.tr
2006-11-15
In this work, we analyse the positive parity of states of odd-mass nucleus within the framework of interacting boson fermion model. The result of an IBFM-1 multilevel calculation with the lg{sub 9/2}, 2d{sub 5/2}, 2d{sub 3/2}, 3s{sub 1/2} and one level, 1h{sub 11/2} with negative parity, single particle orbits is reported for the positive parity states of the odd mass nucleus {sup 123-125}Te. Also, an IBM-1 calculation is presented for the low-lying states in the even-even {sup 124-126}Te core nucleus. The energy levels and B (E2) transition probabilities were calculated and compared with the experimental data. It was found that the calculated positive parity low spin state energy spectra of the odd-mass {sup 123-125}Te isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.
Intrinsic Paramagnetic Meissner Effect Due to s -Wave Odd-Frequency Superconductivity
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Di Bernardo, A.; Salman, Z.; Wang, X. L.; Amado, M.; Egilmez, M.; Flokstra, M. G.; Suter, A.; Lee, S. L.; Zhao, J. H.; Prokscha, T.; Morenzoni, E.; Blamire, M. G.; Linder, J.; Robinson, J. W. A.
2015-10-01
In 1933, Meissner and Ochsenfeld reported the expulsion of magnetic flux—the diamagnetic Meissner effect—from the interior of superconducting lead. This discovery was crucial in formulating the Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer (BCS) theory of superconductivity. In exotic superconducting systems BCS theory does not strictly apply. A classical example is a superconductor-magnet hybrid system where magnetic ordering breaks time-reversal symmetry of the superconducting condensate and results in the stabilization of an odd-frequency superconducting state. It has been predicted that under appropriate conditions, odd-frequency superconductivity should manifest in the Meissner state as fluctuations in the sign of the magnetic susceptibility, meaning that the superconductivity can either repel (diamagnetic) or attract (paramagnetic) external magnetic flux. Here, we report local probe measurements of faint magnetic fields in a Au /Ho /Nb trilayer system using low-energy muons, where antiferromagnetic Ho (4.5 nm) breaks time-reversal symmetry of the proximity-induced pair correlations in Au. From depth-resolved measurements below the superconducting transition of Nb, we observe a local enhancement of the magnetic field in Au that exceeds the externally applied field, thus proving the existence of an intrinsic paramagnetic Meissner effect arising from an odd-frequency superconducting state.
Proportional-odds models for repeated composite and long ordinal outcome?scales.
Parsons, Nick R
2013-08-15
In many medical studies, researchers widely use composite or long ordinal scores, that is, scores that have a large number of categories and a natural ordering often resulting from the sum of a number of short ordinal scores, to assess function or quality of life. Typically, we analyse these using unjustified assumptions of normality for the outcome measure, which are unlikely to be even approximately true. Scores of this type are better analysed using methods reserved for more conventional (short) ordinal scores, such as the proportional-odds model. We can avoid the need for a large number of cut-point parameters that define the divisions between the score categories for long ordinal scores in the proportional-odds model by the inclusion of orthogonal polynomial contrasts. We introduce the repeated measures proportional-odds logistic regression model and describe for long ordinal outcomes modifications to the generalized estimating equation methodology used for parameter estimation. We introduce data from a trial assessing two surgical interventions, briefly describe and re-analyse these using the new model and compare inferences from the new analysis with previously published results for the primary outcome measure (hip function at 12?months postoperatively). We use a simulation study to illustrate how this model also has more general application for conventional short ordinal scores, to select amongst competing models of varying complexity for the cut-point parameters. PMID:23401181
Shape phase transition in odd-even nuclei: From spherical to deformed gamma-unstable shapes
Boeyuekata, M.; Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M.; Fortunato, L.; Vitturi, A.
2010-07-15
Shape phase transitions in odd-A nuclei are investigated within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The case of a single j=9/2 fermion coupled to an even-even boson core is considered. This boson core transits from spherical to gamma-unstable shapes depending on the value of a control parameter in the boson Hamiltonian. The effect of the coupling of the odd particle to this core along the shape transition and, in particular, at the critical point is discussed. For that purpose, the ground-state energy surface in terms of the beta and gamma shape variables for the even core and odd-even energy surfaces for the different K states coming from j=9/2 are constructed. The evolution of each individual coupled state along the transition from the spherical [U(5)] to the gamma-unstable [O(6)] situation is investigated. One finds that the core-fermion coupling gives rise to a smoother transition than in the even-core case.
On the Gaussian overlap approximation for the collective excitations of odd nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Rohozi?ski, Stanis?aw G.
2015-02-01
The multi-dimensional generator coordinate method is applied to describe the quadrupole collective states of odd nuclei. The laboratory Cartesian components of the quadrupole deformation tensor are used as the generator coordinates. The two mean-field states of an odd nucleus constituting a Kramers’ doublet are taken as the two intrinsic generating states which can rotate in the laboratory reference frame. The time-signature invariance of these intrinsic states is assumed. A version of the Gaussian overlap approximation (GOA) for the two generating states is constructed. A system of two coupled differential equations for the collective excitations of odd nuclei is derived from the variational principle using the GOA. The system forms a generalized eigenvalue differential equation in the two-dimensional ‘alispin’ space. Breaking the time-reversal symmetry and alignment of the angular momentum in the mean-field states modifies the rotational part of the Hamiltonian compared to that of the standard Bohr Hamiltonian, whereas the quadrupole vibrations are modified through the coupling of the Kramers states.
LACK OF ANGULAR CORRELATION AND ODD-PARITY PREFERENCE IN COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND DATA
Kim, Jaiseung; Naselsky, Pavel
2011-10-01
We have investigated the angular correlation in the recent cosmic microwave background data. In addition to the known large-angle correlation anomaly, we find the lack of correlation at small angles with high statistical significance. We have investigated various non-cosmological contamination as well as the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) team's simulated data. However, we have not found a definite cause. In the angular power spectrum of WMAP data, there exists anomalous odd-parity preference at low multipoles. Noting the equivalence between the power spectrum and the correlation, we have investigated the association between the lack of large-angle correlation and the odd-parity preference. From our investigation, we find that the odd-parity preference at low multipoles is, in fact, a phenomenological origin of the lack of large-angle correlation. Further investigation is required to find out whether the origin of the anomaly is cosmological or due to unaccounted systematics. The data from the Planck surveyor, which has systematics distinct from WMAP, will greatly help us to resolve its origin.
Rapid deactivation of N( sup 2 D) by O: Impact on thermospheric and mesospheric odd nitrogen
Fesen, C.G.; Rusch, D.W. ); Gerard, J.C. )
1989-05-01
One- and two-dimensional models of thermospheric odd nitrogen are used to explore the consequences of the recently measured fast quenching of N({sup 2}D) by O. A large rate coefficient for this reaction profoundly affects the odd-nitrogen chemistry by removing N({sup 2}D) as a source of NO and increasing the concentration of N({sup 4}S), which destroys NO. The model calculations show that, as the quenching rate increases, the NO and N({sup 2}D) densities decrease, while N({sup 4}S) densities increase. Comparisons with Atmosphere Explorer and Solar Mesosphere Explorer satellite observations are made. Use of the fast quenching rate in the models causes the NO peak altitude, typically observed near 110 km, to rise to 140 km. The N({sup 2}D) densities become 20 times smaller than those observed, while the modeled NO (N{sup 4}S) densities are roughly 2 to 3 times too small (large). Additional measurements of the N({sup 2}D) + O quenching rate are clearly warranted. If the quenching rate is indeed very rapid, the chemistry of thermospheric odd nitrogen must be completely reexamined.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Singh, H. B.; Herlth, D.; O'Hara, D.; Zahnle, K.; Bradshaw, J. D.; Sandholm, S. T.; Talbot, R.; Crutzen, P. J.; Kanakidou, M. A.
1992-01-01
The partitioning of relative nitrogen in the Arctic and the sub-Arctic troposphere based on measurements conducted during the 1988 Arctic Boundary Layer Expedition (ABLE 3A) is described. The first set of comprehensive odd nitrogen and O3 measurements from the Arctic/sub-Arctic free troposphere shows that a highly aged air mass that has persisted under very cold conditions is present. A large fraction of the odd nitrogen appears to be present in the form of reservoir species such as PAN. Significant quantities of as yet unknown reactive nitrogen species, such as complex alkyl nitrates and pernitrates, are expected to be present. Together with PAN, these nitrate and pernitrate reservoir species could control the entire NO(x) availability of the high-latitude troposphere and in turn influence the O3 photochemistry of the region. The role of PAN in influencing the O3 reservoir is shown to be important and may be responsible for the increasing O3 temporal trend observed at high latitudes.
Observation of the {pi}h{sub 11/2}x{nu}i{sub 13/2} band in odd-odd {sup 170}Re
Wang, H.L.; Zhang, Y.H.; Zhou, X.H.; Guo, Y.X.; Lei, X.G.; Liu, M.L.; Peng, L.; Xie, C.Y.; Song, L.T.; Yu, H.P.; Zheng, Y.; Guo, W.T.; Ndontchueng, M. Moyo; Wen, S.X.; Zhu, L.H.; Wu, X.G.; Xu, F.R.
2004-12-01
High-spin states in doubly odd {sup 170}Re have been populated via the {sup 142}Nd({sup 32}S,p3n{gamma}) reaction at beam energies of 155 and 166 MeV. K X-{gamma} and {gamma}-{gamma} coincidences have been measured using a detector array consisting of 12 high-purity germanium detectors with BGO suppressors. A rotational band is identified and assigned to {sup 170}Re for the first time. This band is proposed to be built on the {pi}h{sub 11/2}x{nu}i{sub 13/2} two-quasiparticle configuration by comparing the band properties with known bands in neighboring nuclei and the cranked-shell model calculations.
Physical Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.
2002-01-01
Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between physical activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected physical activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased odds of suicidal behavior among male and female…
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yamamoto, Karen Kina
This study examines the dynamics of survival and growth of curricular and instructional innovations. It focuses on the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) project, a long-term survivor of reform in science education. Key questions guiding this study include: (1) How did the FAST project survive over the past 30 years? (2) What elements are essential for long-term survival and growth of an innovative science program? (3) Why did the project continue to survive amidst several waves of educational reform? The core of my conceptual framework is that the odds of survival and growth of curricular and instructional innovations are increased by the extent to which resources, theory-based curriculum development processes, and professional development strategies are not only incorporated into but also interdependent within a project. With this framework as a guide, the main methods of data collection were document analysis, interviews, and observations. FAST, developed by the University of Hawaii's Curriculum Research and Development Group (CRDG), consists of a sequential and interdisciplinary middle and high school science program for students in grades 6-10. According to the results of this study, the project was able to survive by receiving constant organizational support from CRDG and a steady source of State funding through the university since 1966; it also retained a relatively small but stable staff of highly qualified project personnel. Formulated on a discipline-based theory that values development of students' intellectual capacities as the platform for curriculum research, design, and development, the FAST project translated this vision of science education into key elements of an innovative program that survived and thrived: (1) an interdisciplinary program consisting of physical, biological, and earth sciences; inquiry as content and process; history and philosophy of science; and links between and among sciences, technology, and society; and (2) teaching and learning strategies that model a community of practicing scientists. This study also identified the main elements of professional development strategies essential for an innovative project's survival and growth: linking curriculum development to required pre-implementation inservice training, engaging project personnel in both of these phases recruiting, training a cadre of experienced FAST teachers as inservice trainers, and providing follow-up professional development seminars. In conclusion, the FAST project survived mainly because the longevity of its leaders gave stability and continuity to the project. Against many odds such as limited financial resources and a small number of staff positions relative to the project's scope, the leaders managed with whatever resources were available to link theory-based curriculum development with professional development and, thereby, increase the project's chances for survival and growth.
Kozii, Vladyslav; Fu, Liang
2015-11-13
We study superconductivity in spin-orbit-coupled systems in the vicinity of inversion symmetry breaking. We find that, because of the presence of spin-orbit coupling, fluctuations of the incipient parity-breaking order generate an attractive pairing interaction in an odd-parity pairing channel, which competes with the s-wave pairing. We show that Coulomb repulsion or an external Zeeman field suppresses the s-wave pairing and promotes the odd-parity superconducting state. Our work provides a new mechanism for odd-parity pairing and opens a route to novel topological superconductivity. PMID:26613464
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kozii, Vladyslav; Fu, Liang
2015-11-01
We study superconductivity in spin-orbit-coupled systems in the vicinity of inversion symmetry breaking. We find that, because of the presence of spin-orbit coupling, fluctuations of the incipient parity-breaking order generate an attractive pairing interaction in an odd-parity pairing channel, which competes with the s -wave pairing. We show that Coulomb repulsion or an external Zeeman field suppresses the s -wave pairing and promotes the odd-parity superconducting state. Our work provides a new mechanism for odd-parity pairing and opens a route to novel topological superconductivity.
Herbranson, Wally
Abstract It has previously been shown that pigeons can shift attention between parts and wholes rate. Ex- periment 1 examined the possibility that pigeons can shift attention between local and global that pigeons, like humans, can display highly dynamic stimulus-driven shifts of local/global attention
Effects of Orthographic and Phonological Word Length on Memory for Lists Shown at RSVP and STM Rates
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Coltheart, Veronika; Mondy, Stephen; Dux, Paul E.; Stephenson, Lisa
2004-01-01
This article reports 3 experiments in which effects of orthographic and phonological word length on memory were examined for short lists shown at rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) and short-term memory (STM) rates. Only visual-orthographic length reduced RSVP serial recall, whereas both orthographic and phonological length lowered recall for…
Cartigny, Pierre
Evidence for a mantle component shown by rare gases, C and N isotopes in polycrystalline diamonds. Farley Abstract In an attempt to constrain the origin of polycrystalline diamond, combined analyses of rare gases and carbon and nitrogen isotopes were performed on six such diamonds from Orapa (Botswana
Zehr, Paul
While the organization and patterns of modulation of cutaneous reflexes have been shown to be quite of cutaneous reflexes during human upper limb rhythmic movement has been made. An important feature of cutaneous reflex control seen in the human lower limb during locomotion is task dependency. Task dependency
NATURE STRUCTURAL & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY VOLUME 15 NUMBER 2 FEBRUARY 2008 125 own packaging, as shown.H. Nature 434, 671674 (2005). 16. Lavelle, C. Biochimie 89, 516527 (2006). 17. Segal, E. et al. Nature 442 in the reaction at higher concentrations than the wild type to effect the synthesis of Okazakifragmentsof
van Gaans, Onno
GLUCOSE REGULATION IN INTENSIVE CARE Many studies have shown that increased blood glucose (BG Center in Groningen (UMCG) uses the so-called Glucose Regulation in ICU Patients (GRIP) computer system- puterized glucose control system at a surgical intensive care unit, BMC Medical Informatics and Decision
Meng, Ellis
CommentarylWindhorst et al.: Reflex partitioning the secondary spindle afferents. It has been shown stretch reflexes. It seems natural to view the y-motor spindle system, with its sophisticated descending and reflex control, as a functional unit. Central versus peripheralaspects of neuromuscular regionalization D
Code of Federal Regulations, 2014 CFR
2014-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2014-01-01 2014-01-01 false Statement of filing with foreign governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. 221.201 Section 221.201 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically Filed Tariffs § 221.201 Statement...
Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR
2010-01-01
... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Statement of filing with foreign governments to be shown in air carrier's tariff filings. 221.201 Section 221.201 Aeronautics and Space OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (AVIATION PROCEEDINGS) ECONOMIC REGULATIONS TARIFFS Electronically Filed Tariffs § 221.201 Statement...
respond to experimental manipulations of hydraulic conductance involving induction of xylem cavitationSummary Recent studies have shown that stomata respond to changes in hydraulic conductance hydraulic conductances because of differ- ences in path length and growth. We determined if leaf gas ex
(perpendicular to the c-axis) of other crys-tals. In fact, it has already been shown that
West, Stuart
(perpendicular to the c-axis) of other crys- tals. In fact, it has already been shown that growing SiC crystals on surfaces with a different crystal orientation -- the a-faces -- fullysuppressestheformationof micropipes. However, crystals made in this way are affec- ted by basal-plane stacking faults
Meyers, Steven D.
, for a resident alien, sole proprietor, or disregarded entity, see the Part I instructions on page 3. For otherName (as shown on your income tax return) Business name/disregarded entity name, if different from entities, it is your employer identification number (EIN). If you do not have a number, see How to get
Kirschvink, Joseph L.
During the past decade, it has been shown repeatedly that free-flying honeybees can be trained,b; Kirschvink and Kobayashi- Kirschvink, 1991; Kirschvink et al. 1992). Honeybees are therefore one of the best in which individual honeybees were trained to discriminate between the presence or absence of a small
Flanagan, Randy
Abstract Visual size illusions have been shown to affect perceived object size but not the aperture-shape illusions on both the visually per- ceived center of an object and the position of a grasp on that object when a balanced lift is required. The results for both experiments show that although the illusions in
Ruess, Roger W.
Abstract Root respiration rates have been shown to be correlated with temperature and root N. In order to test for broad, cross-species relationships, we measured fine root respiration, as O2 America in 1997. Significant differences existed among study sites in root respiration rates
2014-01-01
Background Physical inactivity is a leading risk factor for cardiovascular and other noncommunicable diseases in high-, low- and middle-income countries. Nepal, a low-income country in South Asia, is undergoing an epidemiological transition. Although the reported national prevalence of physical inactivity is relatively low, studies in urban and peri-urban localities have always shown higher prevalence. Therefore, this study aimed to measure physical activity in three domains—work, travel and leisure—in a peri-urban community and assess its variations across different sociodemographic correlates. Methods Adult participants (n?=?640) from six randomly selected wards of the Jhaukhel-Duwakot Health Demographic Surveillance Site (JD-HDSS) near Kathmandu responded to the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire. To determine total physical activity, we calculated the metabolic equivalent of task in minutes/week for each domain and combined the results. Respondents were categorized into high, moderate or low physical activity. We also calculated the odds ratio for low physical activity in various sociodemographic variables and self-reported cardiometabolic states. Results The urbanizing JD-HDSS community showed a high prevalence of low physical activity (43.3%; 95% CI 39.4–47.1). Work-related activity contributed most to total physical activity. Furthermore, women and housewives and older, more educated and self-or government-employed respondents showed a greater prevalence of physical inactivity. Respondents with hypertension, diabetes or overweight/obesity reported less physical activity than individuals without those conditions. Only 5% of respondents identified physical inactivity as a cardiovascular risk factor. Conclusions Our findings reveal a high burden of physical inactivity in a peri-urban community of Nepal. Improving the level of physical activity involves sensitizing people to its importance through appropriate multi-sector strategies that provide encouragement across all sociodemographic groups. PMID:24628997
Examination of Race Disparities in Physical Inactivity among Adults of Similar Social Context
Wilson-Frederick, Shondelle M.; Thorpe, Roland J.; Bell, Caryn N.; Bleich, Sara N.; Ford, Jean G.; LaVeist, Thomas A.
2015-01-01
Objective The objective of the study was to determine whether race disparities in physical inactivity are present among urban low-income Blacks and Whites living in similar social context. Design This analysis included Black and White respondents (?18 years) from the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore (EHDIC-SWB; N=1350) Study and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; N=67790). Respondents who reported no levels of moderate or vigorous physical activity, during leisure time, over a usual week were considered physically inactive. Results After controlling for confounders, Blacks had higher adjusted odds of physical inactivity compared to Whites in the national sample (odds ratio [OR] =1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.30–1.51). In EHDIC-SWB, Blacks and Whites had a similar odds of physical inactivity (OR=1.09; 95% CI .86–1.40). Conclusion Social context contributes to our understanding of racial disparities in physical inactivity. PMID:25065080
The Link between Peer Relations, Prosocial Behavior, and ODD/ADHD Symptoms in 7–9-Year-Old Children
Paap, Muirne C. S.; Haraldsen, Ira R.; Breivik, Kyrre; Butcher, Phillipa R.; Hellem, Frøydis M.; Stormark, Kjell M.
2013-01-01
Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by symptoms that hinder successful positive interaction with peers. The main goal of this study was to examine if the presence of symptoms of ODD and ADHD affects the relationship between positive social behavior and peer status found in 7–9-year-old children who show symptoms typical of ADHD and/or ODD. Furthermore, the possible interaction with sex was investigated. We used data collected in the first wave of The Bergen Child Study of mental health (BCS), a prospective longitudinal total population study of children's developmental and mental health. The target population consisted of children in the second to the fourth, in all public, private, and special schools in Bergen, Norway, in the fall of 2002 (N = 9430). All 79 primary schools in Bergen participated in the study. Both teacher (8809 complete cases) and parent (6253 complete cases) report were used in the analyses. ADHD and ODD scores were estimated using the Swanson Noland and Pelham rating scale version IV (SNAP-IV), and peer problems and prosocial behavior were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). We replicated the relationship between peer problems and prosocial behavior found previously in typically developing children. Our results showed that the relationship between peer problems and prosocial behavior became weaker as the ODD symptoms increased in number and severity. For ADHD this effect was only found in the teacher report of the children. A sex effect for ODD symptoms was found only using the parent report: boys with ODD symptoms showed less prosocial behavior than girls with similar levels of ODD symptoms. Since this effect was not found using the teacher data, it may imply a situational effect (school/home) for girls with high levels of ODD. The moderator effect of ODD/ADHD was comparable for boys and girls. Our findings suggest that even if children with ADHD/ODD symptoms have the opportunity to practice their social skills in peer relationships, this is not necessarily accompanied by an increase in prosocial behavior. PMID:24286065
Odds Ratio Product of Sleep EEG as a Continuous Measure of Sleep State
Younes, Magdy; Ostrowski, Michele; Soiferman, Marc; Younes, Henry; Younes, Mark; Raneri, Jill; Hanly, Patrick
2015-01-01
Study Objectives: To develop and validate an algorithm that provides a continuous estimate of sleep depth from the electroencephalogram (EEG). Design: Retrospective analysis of polysomnograms. Setting: Research laboratory. Participants: 114 patients who underwent clinical polysomnography in sleep centers at the University of Manitoba (n = 58) and the University of Calgary (n = 56). Interventions: None. Measurements and Results: Power spectrum of EEG was determined in 3-second epochs and divided into delta, theta, alpha-sigma, and beta frequency bands. The range of powers in each band was divided into 10 aliquots. EEG patterns were assigned a 4-digit number that reflects the relative power in the 4 frequency ranges (10,000 possible patterns). Probability of each pattern occurring in 30-s epochs staged awake was determined, resulting in a continuous probability value from 0% to 100%. This was divided by 40 (% of epochs staged awake) producing the odds ratio product (ORP), with a range of 0–2.5. In validation testing, average ORP decreased progressively as EEG progressed from wakefulness (2.19 ± 0.29) to stage N3 (0.13 ± 0.05). ORP < 1.0 predicted sleep and ORP > 2.0 predicted wakefulness in > 95% of 30-s epochs. Epochs with intermediate ORP occurred in unstable sleep with a high arousal index (> 70/h) and were subject to much interrater scoring variability. There was an excellent correlation (r2 = 0.98) between ORP in current 30-s epochs and the likelihood of arousal or awakening occurring in the next 30-s epoch. Conclusions: Our results support the use of the odds ratio product (ORP) as a continuous measure of sleep depth. Citation: Younes M, Ostrowski M, Soiferman M, Younes H, Younes M, Raneri J, Hanly P. Odds ratio product of sleep EEG as a continuous measure of sleep state. SLEEP 2015;38(4):641–654. PMID:25348125
Study of weakly-bound odd-A nuclei with quasiparticle blocking
Xueyu Xiong; Junchen Pei; Yinu Zhang; Yi Zhu
2015-06-15
The coordinate-space Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (HFB) approach with quasiparticle blocking has been applied to study the odd-A weakly bound nuclei $^{17,19}$B and $^{37}$Mg, in which halo structures have been reported in experiments. The Skyrme nuclear forces SLy4 and UNEDF1 have been adopted in our calculations. The results with and without blocking have been compared to demonstrate the emergence of deformed halo structures due to blocking effects. In our calculations, $^{19}$B and $^{37}$Mg have remarkable features of deformed halos.
Broken Pair Model: A viable Alterative to the Shell Model for Odd-Spherical Nuclei
I. M Hamammu; S. Haq; J. M Eldahomi
2007-08-21
The broken pair model has been developed earlier as an useful approximation to the nuclear shell model for even-even nuclei. It is extended and developed here to include odd nuclei too. The model is then applied successfully in the Zr region, using two different sets of matrix elements, the empirical and the realistic sussex ones. The broken pair model results show a considerable agreement with the shell model results wherever available and with the experimental data where shell model calculations are not performed yet.
Development of odd-Z-projectile reactions for transactinide element synthesis
Folden III, Charles Marvin
2004-11-04
The development of new odd-Z-projectile reactions leading to the production of transactinide elements is described. The cross section of the even-Z-projectile 208Pb(64Ni, n)271Ds reaction was measured at two new energies using the Berkeley Gas-filled Separator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron. In total, seven decay chains attributable to 271Ds were observed. These data, combined with previous results, establish an excitation function for the production of 271Ds. The maximum cross section was 20 +15 -11 pb at a center-of-target energy of 311.5 MeV in the laboratory frame.The data from the 271Ds experiments were used to estimate the optimum beam energy for the new odd-Z-projectile 208Pb(65Cu, n)272-111 reaction using the Fusion by Diffusion theory proposed by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilczynska, and Wilczynski. A cross section for this reaction was measured for the first time, at a center-of-target energy of 321.1 MeV in the laboratory frame. The excitation energy f or compound nuclei formed at the target center was 13.2 MeV. One decay chain was observed, resulting in a measured cross section of 1.7 +3.9 -1.4 pb. This decay chain is in good agreement with previously published data on the decay of 272-111.The new odd-Z-projectile 208Pb(55Mn, n)262Bh reaction was studied at three different projectile energies, and 33 decay chains of 262Bh were observed. The existence of a previously reported alpha-decaying isomeric state in this nuclide was confirmed. Production of the ground state was preferred at all three beam energies. The maximum cross section was 540 +180 -150 pb at a projectile center-of-target energy of 264.0 MeV. This cross section is much larger than that previously reported for the even-Z-projectile 209Bi(54Cr, n)262Bh reaction, which may be because the 54Cr projectile energies in the latter reaction were too high for optimum production of the 1n product. At the highest projectile energy of 268.0 MeV in the target center, two decay chains from 261Bh were observed as a result of the 208Pb(55Mn, 2n) reaction. In summary, this work shows that odd-Z-projectile reactions can have cross sections comparable to analogous even-Z-projectile reactions, and that the energy of the maximum cross section for 1n reactions can be estimated simply.
Algebraic description of triaxially deformed rotational bands in odd mass nuclei
Tanabe, Kosai; Sugawara-Tanabe, Kazuko
2006-03-15
An extensive application of the Holstein-Primakoff boson expansion to both single-particle angular momentum and total angular momentum provides an algebraic solution, which gives a good approximation to the exact results for the particle-rotor model with one high-j nucleon coupled to a triaxially deformed core. Two kinds of quantum numbers classify the rotational bands characteristic of the particle-rotor model and lead the selection rules for the interband and intraband transitions. The algebraic solution is compared with the experimental data for the odd mass isotopes {sup 163,165,167}Lu as testing grounds.
Projected quasiparticle calculations for the N =82 odd-proton isotones
Losano, L. ); Dias, H. )
1991-12-01
The structure of low-lying states in odd-mass {ital N}=82 isotones (135{le}{ital A}{le}145) is investigated in terms of a number-projected one- and three-quasiparticles Tamm-Dancoff approximation. A surface-delta interaction is taken as the residual nucleon-nucleon interaction. Excitation energies, dipole and quadrupole moments, and {ital B}({ital M}1) and {ital B}({ital E}2) values are calculated and compared with the experimental data.
Sébille-Schück, C; Genevey-Rivier, J; Höglund, A; Huck, A; Knipper, A; Richard-Serre, Claude; Walter, G
1976-01-01
A level scheme is proposed for neutron deficient /sup 185/Ir obtained by the decay of /sup 185/Pt produced with the ISOLDE on-line separator (CERN). This level scheme is compared to those of heavier mass iridium nuclei where the negative parity levels had been interpreted in the asymmetric-rotor-plus-particle model. In /sup 185/Ir similar systems of levels appear with a stronger prolate deformation of the nucleus. They seem correctly described by coupling an odd-particle (or a hole) to a symmetric rotor.
Mid-infrared-to-mid-ultraviolet supercontinuum enhanced by third-to-fifteenth odd harmonics.
Mitrofanov, A V; Voronin, A A; Mitryukovskiy, S I; Sidorov-Biryukov, D A; Pugžlys, A; Andriukaitis, G; Flöry, T; Stepanov, E A; Fedotov, A B; Baltuška, A; Zheltikov, A M
2015-05-01
A high-energy supercontinuum spanning 4.7 octaves, from 250 to 6500 nm, is generated using a 0.3-TW, 3.9-?m output of a mid-infrared optical parametric chirped-pulse amplifier as a driver inducing a laser filament in the air. The high-frequency wing of the supercontinuum spectrum is enhanced by odd-order optical harmonics of the mid-infrared driver. Optical harmonics up to the 15th order are observed in supercontinuum spectra as overlapping, yet well-resolved peaks broadened, as verified by numerical modeling, due to spatially nonuniform ionization-induced blue shift. PMID:25927786
The use of odds ratio in the large population-based studies: Warning to readers.
Di Lorenzo, Luigi; Coco, Valeria; Forte, Francesco; Trinchese, Giovanni Felice; Forte, Alfonso Maria; Pappagallo, Marco
2014-01-01
When researchers conduct large prospective studies, they provide results generating statistical analysis; therefore readers need considerable familiarity with descriptive and inferential statistics. If quantitative judgments are based on interpreting odds ratios as though they were relative risks, they are unlikely to be seriously in error. Because of the calculating method, the OR is often less precise than the RR in estimating the strength of an association, and this should definitely be kept in mind by anyone who reads and interprets the results of a large population based-study. PMID:24932454
Gomi, Hiroaki; Sakurada, Takeshi; Fukui, Takao
2014-01-01
When stepping onto a stopped escalator, we often perceive an “odd sensation” that is never felt when stepping onto stairs. The sight of an escalator provides a strong contextual cue that, in expectation of the backward acceleration when stepping on, triggers an anticipatory forward postural adjustment driven by a habitual and implicit motor process. Here we contrast two theories about why this postural change leads to an odd sensation. The first theory links the odd sensation to a lack of sensorimotor prediction from all low-level implicit motor processes. The second theory links the odd sensation to the high-level conflict between the conscious awareness that the escalator is stopped and the implicit perception that evokes an endogenous motor program specific to a moving escalator. We show very similar postural changes can also arise from reflexive responses to visual stimuli, such as contracting/expanding optic flow fields, and that these reflexive responses produce similar odd sensations to the stopped escalator. We conclude that the high-level conflict is not necessary for such sensations. In contrast, the implicitly driven behavioral change itself essentially leads to the odd sensation in motor perception since the unintentional change may be less attributable to self-generated action because of a lack of motor predictions. PMID:24688460
Neighborhood context and immigrant children's physical activity.
Brewer, Mackenzie; Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert
2014-09-01
Physical activity is an important determinant of obesity and overall health for children, but significant race/ethnic and nativity disparities exist in the amount of physical activity that children receive, with immigrant children particularly at risk for low levels of physical activity. In this paper, we examine and compare patterns in physical activity levels for young children of U.S.-born and immigrant mothers from seven race/ethnic and nativity groups, and test whether physical activity is associated with subjective (parent-reported) and objective (U.S. Census) neighborhood measures. The neighborhood measures include parental-reported perceptions of safety and physical and social disorder and objectively defined neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and immigrant concentration. Using restricted, geo-coded Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) data (N = 17,510) from 1998 to 1999 linked with U.S. Census 2000 data for the children's neighborhoods, we utilize zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) models to predict the odds of physical inactivity and expected days of physical activity for kindergarten-aged children. Across both outcomes, foreign-born children have lower levels of physical activity compared to U.S.-born white children. This disparity is not attenuated by a child's socioeconomic, family, or neighborhood characteristics. Physical and social disorder is associated with higher odds of physical inactivity, while perceptions of neighborhood safety are associated with increased expected days of physical activity, but not with inactivity. Immigrant concentration is negatively associated with both physical activity outcomes, but its impact on the probability of physical inactivity differs by the child's race/ethnic and nativity group, such that it is particularly detrimental for U.S.-born white children's physical activity. Research interested in improving the physical activity patterns of minority and second-generation immigrant children should consider how neighborhood context differentially impacts the health and physical activity of children from various racial, ethnic and nativity backgrounds. PMID:24963898
Bertulani, Carlos A. - Department of Physics and Astronomy, Texas A&M University
2012-01-01
with isospin-dependent pairing interactions C. A. Bertulani,1,* Hongliang Liu,1 and H. Sagawa2 1 Department-Fock (HF) + BCS calculations with Skyrme interactions and an isospin-dependent contact pairing interaction (HF) + BCS calculations with Skyrme interactions and an isospin-dependent contact pairing interaction
The aeronomy of odd nitrogen in the thermosphere. II - Twilight emissions
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Strobel, D. F.; Oran, E. S.; Feldman, P. D.
1976-01-01
A model developed for the aeronomy of odd nitrogen in the thermosphere is used to analyze rocket measurements of N(4S) and NO densities. Data from Atmosphere Explorer were used to develop a consistent reaction kinetics model for odd nitrogen chemistry. It is concluded that most NO(+) dissociative recombination events must produce N(2D), that N(2D) is quenched by O at a rate of 1 trillionth cu cm per sec, and that the atmospheric O2 quenching rate of N(2D) is consistent with the laboratory rate. The major quenching agent of N(2D) between 140 and 220 km is atomic oxygen, and this reaction is the major source of N(4S). Peak N(4S) densities of about (20-60) million per cu cm at 140-150 km are predicted, with the variability being indicative of the model sensitivity to a factor of 2 change in the O/O2 ratio in the thermosphere.
Misuse of Odds Ratios in Obesity Literature: An Empirical Analysis of Published Studies
Tajeu, Gabriel; Sen, Bisakha; Allison, David B.; Menachemi, Nir
2012-01-01
Odds ratios (ORs) are widely used in scientific research to demonstrate associations between outcome variables and covariates (risk factors) of interest and are often described in language suitable for risks or probabilities, but odds and probabilities are related, not equivalent. In situations where the outcome is not rare (e.g., obesity), ORs no longer approximate the relative risk ratio and may be misinterpreted. Our study examines the extent of misinterpretation of ORs in Obesity and International Journal of Obesity. We reviewed all 2010 issues of these journals to identify all articles that presented ORs. Included articles were then primarily reviewed for correct presentation and interpretation of ORs; and secondarily reviewed for article characteristics that may have been associated with how ORs are presented and interpreted. Of the 855 articles examined, 62 (7.3%) presented ORs. ORs were presented incorrectly in 23.2% of these articles. Clinical articles were more likely to present ORs correctly than social science or basic science articles. Studies with outcome variables that had higher relative prevalence were less likely to present ORs correctly. Overall, almost a quarter of the studies presenting ORs in two leading journals on obesity misinterpreted them. Furthermore, even when researchers present ORs correctly, the lay media may misinterpret them as relative risk ratios. Therefore, we suggest that when the magnitude of associations is of interest, researchers should carefully and accurately present interpretable measures of association -- including risk ratios and risk differences -- to minimize confusion and misrepresentation of research results. PMID:22436842
Misuse of odds ratios in obesity literature: an empirical analysis of published studies.
Tajeu, Gabriel S; Sen, Bisakha; Allison, David B; Menachemi, Nir
2012-08-01
Odds ratios (ORs) are widely used in scientific research to demonstrate the associations between outcome variables and covariates (risk factors) of interest, and are often described in language suitable for risks or probabilities, but odds and probabilities are related, not equivalent. In situations where the outcome is not rare (e.g., obesity), ORs no longer approximate the relative risk ratio (RR) and may be misinterpreted. Our study examines the extent of misinterpretation of ORs in Obesity and International Journal of Obesity. We reviewed all 2010 issues of these journals to identify all articles that presented ORs. Included articles were then primarily reviewed for correct presentation and interpretation of ORs; and secondarily reviewed for article characteristics that may have been associated with how ORs are presented and interpreted. Of the 855 articles examined, 62 (7.3%) presented ORs. ORs were presented incorrectly in 23.2% of these articles. Clinical articles were more likely to present ORs correctly than social science or basic science articles. Studies with outcome variables that had higher relative prevalence were less likely to present ORs correctly. Overall, almost one-quarter of the studies presenting ORs in two leading journals on obesity misinterpreted them. Furthermore, even when researchers present ORs correctly, the lay media may misinterpret them as relative RRs. Therefore, we suggest that when the magnitude of associations is of interest, researchers should carefully and accurately present interpretable measures of association--including RRs and risk differences--to minimize confusion and misrepresentation of research results. PMID:22436842
Negative parity low-spin states of even-odd 187-197Pt isotopes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kassim, Huda H.; Sharrad, Fadhil I.
2015-01-01
In this paper, the negative parity low-spin states of even-odd 187-197Pt isotopes have been studied within the framework of the Interacting Boson-Fermion Model (IBFM-1). The single fermion is assumed to be in one of the 2 f 5 / 2, 3 p 3 / 2 and 3 p 1 / 2 single-particle orbits. The calculated negative parity low-states energy spectra agree quite well with the experimental data. The B (E 2) values have been also calculated and compared with the experimental data. The calculated energy levels and B (E 2) are in good agreement with experimental data than that in the previous study for 195Pt isotope. Furthermore, the energy levels, electric quadrupole transition probabilities and the potential energy surface for even-even platinum isotopes (as core for even-odd nuclei) have been calculated within framework of the Interacting Boson Model (IBM-1). The predicted energy levels and B (E 2) transition probabilities results are reasonably consistent with the experimental data. The contour plot of the potential energy surfaces shows all interesting nuclei are deformed and have ?-unstable-like characters.
Fitting Proportional Odds Model to Case-Control data with Incorporating Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium.
Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Zehui; Li, Xinmin; Li, Qizhai
2015-01-01
Genetic association studies have been proved to be an efficient tool to reveal the aetiology of many human complex diseases and traits. When the phenotype is binary, the logistic regression model is commonly employed to evaluate the association strength of the genetic variants predispose to human diseases because the maximum likelihood estimator of the odds ratio based on case-control data is equivalent to that from the same model by taking the data as being arisen prospectively. This equivalence does not hold for the proportional odds model and using it to analyze the case-control data directly often results in a substantial bias. Through putting a parameter of the minor allele frequency in the modified likelihood function under the condition that the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium law holds within controls, a consistent estimator is obtained. On the basis of it, we construct a score test statistic to test whether the genetic variant is associated with the diseases. Simulation studies show that the proposed estimator has smaller mean squared error than the existing methods when the genetic effect size is away from zero and the proposed test statistic has a good control of type I error rate and is more powerful than the existing procedures. Application to 45 single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the region of TRAF1-C5 genes for the association with four-level anticyclic citrullinated protein antibody from Genetic Analysis Workshop 16 further demonstrates its performance. PMID:26607176
Deformed rotational bands in the doubly odd nuclei [sup 134]Pr and [sup 132]Pr
Hauschild, K.; Wadsworth, R.; Clark, R.M.; Hibbert, I.M. ); Beausang, C.W.; Forbes, S.A.; Nolan, P.J.; Paul, E.S.; Semple, A.T.; Wilson, J.N. ); Gizon, A.; Gizon, J.; Santos, D. ); Simpson, J. )
1994-08-01
The nuclei [sup 132,134]Pr have been investigated using the [sup 100]Mo([sup 37]Cl,[ital xn]) reactions at a beam energy of 155 MeV. Gamma rays were detected with the Eurogam array. Analysis of the data has revealed the presence of two new weakly populated decoupled bands in [sup 134]Pr. One of these bands has been linked into the normal-deformed states and is thought to be built on a [pi]([ital h][sub 11/2])[sup 2][direct product][nu]([ital f][sub 7/2],[ital h][sub 9/2]) configuration. The second band has been interpreted as being based on a [pi]([ital h][sub 11/2])[sup 3][direct product][nu][ital i][sub 13/2] intruder configuration within the second [beta][sub 2][congruent]0.3 prolate minimum. The known decoupled band in [sup 132]Pr (5[ital n] reaction channel) and the highly deformed band in [sup 130]La A([alpha]3[ital n]) have also been extended. The structure of all of these bands is discussed together with similar bands in nieghboring odd-odd nuclei.
Fitting Proportional Odds Model to Case-Control data with Incorporating Hardy-Weinberg Equilibrium
Zhang, Wei; Zhang, Zehui; Li, Xinmin; Li, Qizhai
2015-01-01
Genetic association studies have been proved to be an efficient tool to reveal the aetiology of many human complex diseases and traits. When the phenotype is binary, the logistic regression model is commonly employed to evaluate the association strength of the genetic variants predispose to human diseases because the maximum likelihood estimator of the odds ratio based on case-control data is equivalent to that from the same model by taking the data as being arisen prospectively. This equivalence does not hold for the proportional odds model and using it to analyze the case-control data directly often results in a substantial bias. Through putting a parameter of the minor allele frequency in the modified likelihood function under the condition that the Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium law holds within controls, a consistent estimator is obtained. On the basis of it, we construct a score test statistic to test whether the genetic variant is associated with the diseases. Simulation studies show that the proposed estimator has smaller mean squared error than the existing methods when the genetic effect size is away from zero and the proposed test statistic has a good control of type I error rate and is more powerful than the existing procedures. Application to 45 single nucleotide polymorphisms located in the region of TRAF1-C5 genes for the association with four-level anticyclic citrullinated protein antibody from Genetic Analysis Workshop 16 further demonstrates its performance. PMID:26607176
Chiral Odd Structure Functions in The Nambu--Jona--Lasinio Soliton Model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Gamberg, Leonard; Reinhardt, Hugo; Weigel, Herbert
1998-10-01
We study unpolarized and polarized nucleon structure functions(H. Weigel, L. Gamberg, and H. Reinhardt, Mod. Phys. Lett. A11) (1996) 3021; Phys. Lett. B399 (1997) 287;Phys. Rev. D55(1997) 6910. within the bosonized Nambu--Jona--Lasinio (NJL) model where the nucleon emerges as a chiral soliton(R. Alkofer, H. Reinhardt and H. Weigel, Phys. Rep. 265) (1996) 139.. These considerations attempt to merge the parton model description of deep inelastic scattering with the phenomenologically successful picture of baryons as chiral solitons. In addition we report on the calculation of the chiral odd quark distributions(L. Gamberg, H. Reinhardt and H. Weigel, "Chiral odd structure functions from a chiral soliton", hep-ph/9801379, Phys. Rev. D. in press.) and the corresponding structure functions h_T(x,Q^2) and h_L(x,Q^2). At the low model scale, Q_0^2, we find that the leading twist effective quark distributions, f_1^(q)(x,Q_0^2), g_1^(q)(x,Q_0^2) and h_T^(q)(x,Q_0^2) satisfy Soffer's inequality for both quark flavors q=u,d. The Q^2 evolution of the twist--2 contributions is performed according to the standard GLAP formalism while the twist--three pieces, \\overlineg_2(x) and \\overlineh_L(x), are evolved according to the large NC scheme.
Light Charged and CP-odd Higgses in MSSM-like Models
Dermisek, Radovan
2008-11-23
We study the Higgs sector of supersymmetric models containing two Higgs doublets with a light MSSM-like CP odd Higgs, m{sub A} < or approx. 10 GeV, and tan{beta} < or approx. 2.5. In this scenario all Higgses resulting from two Higgs doublets: light and heavy CP even Higgses, h and H, the CP odd Higgs, A, and the charged Higgs, H{sup {+-}}, could have been produced at LEP or the Tevatron, but would have escaped detection because they decay in modes that have not been searched for or the experiments are not sensitive to. Especially H{yields}ZA and H{sup {+-}}{yields}W{sup {+-}}*A with A{yields}cc-bar, {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} present an opportunity to discover some of the Higgses at LEP, the Tevatron and also at B factories. In addition, the 2.8{sigma} excess of the branching ratio W{yields}{tau}v with respect to the other leptons measured at LEP correlates well with the existence of the charged Higgs with properties typical for this scenario. Dominant {tau}- and c-rich decay products of all Higgses require modified strategies for their discovery at the LHC.
Swimming at Low Reynolds Number in Fluids with Odd (Hall) Viscosity
Matthew F. Lapa; Taylor L. Hughes
2013-10-23
We apply the geometric theory of swimming at low Reynolds number to the study of nearly circular swimmers in two-dimensional fluids with non-vanishing Hall, or "odd", viscosity. The Hall viscosity gives an off-diagonal contribution to the fluid stress-tensor, which results in a number of striking effects. In particular, we find that a swimmer whose area is changing will experience a torque proportional to the rate of change of the area, with the constant of proportionality given by the coefficient $\\eta^o$ of odd viscosity. After working out the general theory of swimming in fluids with Hall viscosity for a class of simple swimmers, we give a number of example swimming strokes which clearly demonstrate the differences between swimming in a fluid with conventional viscosity and a fluid which also has a Hall viscosity. A number of more technical results, including a proof of the torque-area relation for swimmers of more general shape, are explained in a set of appendices.
Can the new resonance at LHC be a CP-Odd Higgs boson?
Becirevic, Damir; Sumensari, Olcyr; Funchal, Renata Zukanovich
2015-01-01
A plausible explanation of the recent experimental indication of a resonance in the two-photon spectrum at LHC is that it corresponds to the CP-odd Higgs boson. We explore such a possibility in a generic framework of the two Higgs doublet models (2HDM), and combine $m_A \\approx 750$GeV with the known $m_h =125.7(4)$~GeV to show that the charged Higgs boson and the other CP-even scalar masses become bounded from bellow and from above. We show that this possibility is also consistent with the electroweak precision data and the low energy observables, which we test in a few leptonic and semileptonic decay modes.
The effect of large-scale magnetic field on outflow in ADAFs: an odd symmetry configuration
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Samadi, Maryam; Abbassi, Shahram
2016-01-01
We construct self-similar inflow-outflow solutions for a hot viscous-resistive accretion flow with large-scale magnetic fields that have odd symmetry with respect to the equatorial plane in B? and even symmetry in Br and B?. Following previous authors, we also assume that the polar velocity v? is non-zero. We focus on four parameters: ?r0, ??0 (the plasma beta parameters associated with magnetic field components at the equatorial plane), the magnetic resistivity ?0 and the density index n = -dln ?/dln r. The resulting flow solutions are divided into two parts, consisting of an inflow region with a negative radial velocity (vr < 0) and an outflow region with vr > 0. Our results show that stronger outflows emerge for smaller ?r0 (?10-2 for n > 1) and larger values of ??0, ?0 and n.
Signatures of shape transitions in odd-A neutron-rich rubidium isotopes
Rodriguez-Guzman, R.; Sarriguren, P.; Robledo, L. M.
2010-12-15
The isotopic evolution of the ground-state nuclear shapes and the systematics of one-quasiproton configurations are studied in odd-A Rubidium isotopes. We use a self-consistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov formalism based on the Gogny energy density functional with two parametrizations, D1S and D1M, and implemented with the equal-filling approximation. We find clear signatures of a sharp shape transition at N=60 in both the charge radii and spin parity of the ground states, which are robust, consistent with each other, and in agreement with experiment. We point out that the combined analysis of these two observables could be used to predict unambiguously new regions where shape transitions might develop.
Signatures of shape transition in odd-A neutron-rich Rubidium isotopes
R. Rodriguez-Guzman; P. Sarriguren; L. M. Robledo
2010-12-02
The isotopic evolution of the ground-state nuclear shapes and the systematics of one-quasiproton configurations are studied in odd-A Rubidium isotopes. We use a selfconsistent Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov formalism based on the Gogny energy density functional with two parametrizations, D1S and D1M, and implemented with the equal filling approximation. We find clear signatures of a sharp shape transition at N=60 in both charge radii and spin-parity of the ground states, which are robust, consistent to each other, and in agreement with experiment. We point out that the combined analysis of these two observables could be used to predict unambiguously new regions where shape transitions might develop.
Calculation of the (T,P)-odd Electric Dipole Moment of Thallium
V. A. Dzuba; V. V. Flambaum
2009-09-02
Parity and time invariance violating electric dipole moment of $^{205}$Tl is calculated using the relativistic Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction methods and the many-body perturbation theory. Contributions from the interaction of the electron electric dipole moments with internal electric field and scalar-pseudoscalar electron-nucleon (T,P)-odd interaction are considered. The results are $d(^{205}{\\rm Tl})=-582(20) d_e$ or $d(^{205}{\\rm Tl})=-7.0(2)\\times 10^{-18}C^{SP} e {\\rm cm}$. Interpretation of the measurements are discussed. The results of similar calculations for $^{133}$Cs are $d(^{133}{\\rm Cs})=124(4) d_e$ or $d(^{133}{\\rm Cs})=0.76(2)\\times 10^{-18}C^{SP} e {\\rm cm}$.
Calculation of the (T,P)-odd Electric Dipole Moment of Thallium
Dzuba, V A
2009-01-01
Parity and time invariance violating electric dipole moment of $^{205}$Tl is calculated using the relativistic Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction methods and the many-body perturbation theory. Contributions from the interaction of the electron electric dipole moments with internal electric field and scalar-pseudoscalar electron-nucleon (T,P)-odd interaction are considered. The results are $d(^{205}{\\rm Tl})=-582(20) d_e$ or $d(^{205}{\\rm Tl})=-7.0(2)\\times 10^{-18}C^{SP} e {\\rm cm}$. Interpretation of the measurements are discussed. The results of similar calculations for $^{133}$Cs are $d(^{133}{\\rm Cs})=124(4) d_e$ or $d(^{133}{\\rm Cs})=0.76(2)\\times 10^{-18}C^{SP} e {\\rm cm}$.
Chirality in odd-A Rh isotopes within the triaxial particle rotor model
Qi, B.; Wang, S. Y.; Zhang, S. Q.; Meng, J.; Koike, T.
2011-03-15
By adopting the fully quantal triaxial particle-rotor model, the candidate chiral doublet bands in odd-A nuclei {sup 103}Rh and {sup 105}Rh with {pi}g{sub 9/2}{sup -1} x {nu}h{sub 11/2}{sup 2} configuration are studied. For the doublet bands in both nuclei, agreement is excellent for the observed energies over the entire spin range and B(M1)/B(E2) at higher spin range. The evolution of the chiral geometry with angular momentum is discussed in detail by using the angular momentum components and their probability distributions. Chirality is found to change from chiral vibration to nearly static chirality at spin I=37/2 and back to another type of chiral vibration at higher spin. The influence of the triaxial deformation {gamma} is also studied.
Search for Very Light CP-Odd Higgs Boson in Radiative Decays of {upsilon}(1S)
Love, W.; Savinov, V.; Mendez, H.; Ge, J. Y.; Miller, D. H.; Shipsey, I. P. J.; Xin, B.; Adams, G. S.; Anderson, M.; Cummings, J. P.; Danko, I.; Hu, D.; Moziak, B.; Napolitano, J.; He, Q.; Insler, J.; Muramatsu, H.; Park, C. S.; Thorndike, E. H.; Yang, F.
2008-10-10
We search for a non-SM-like CP-odd Higgs boson (a{sub 1}{sup 0}) decaying to {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} or {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} in radiative decays of the {upsilon}(1S). No significant signal is found, and upper limits on the product branching ratios are set. Our {tau}{sup +}{tau}{sup -} results are almost 2 orders of magnitude more stringent than previous upper limits. Our data provide no evidence for a Higgs state with a mass of 214 MeV decaying to {mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, previously proposed as an explanation for 3 {sigma}{sup +}{yields}p{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -} events observed by the HyperCP experiment. Our results constrain NMSSM models.
Observation of isomeric decays and the high spin states in doubly-odd 208Fr
D. Kanjilal; S. Bhattacharya; A. Goswami; R. Kshetri; R. Raut; S. Saha; R. K. Bhowmik; J. Gehlot; S. Muralithar; R. P. Singh; G. Jnaneswari; G. Mukherjee; B. Mukherjee
2009-11-16
Neutron deficient isotopes of Francium (Z=87, N=121-123) as excited nuclei were produced in the fusion-evaporation reaction: 197Au(16O,xn)[213-x]Fr at 100 MeV. The gamma-rays from the residues were observed through the high sensitivity Germanium Clover detector array INGA. The decay of the high spin states and the isomeric states of the doubly-odd 208Fr nuclei, identified from the known sequence of ground state transitions, were observed. The half lives of the 194(2) keV isomeric transition, known from earlier observations, was measured to be 233(18) ns. A second isomeric transition at 383(2) keV and half life of 33(7) ns was also found. The measured half lives were compared with the corresponding single particle estimates, based on a the level scheme obtained from the experiment.
Bottomonium spectroscopy with mixing of etab states and a light CP-odd Higgs boson.
Domingo, Florian; Ellwanger, Ulrich; Sanchis-Lozano, Miguel-Angel
2009-09-11
The mass of the eta(b)(1S), measured recently by the BABAR Collaboration, is significantly lower than expected from QCD predictions for the Upsilon(1S)-eta(b)(1S) hyperfine splitting. We suggest that the observed eta(b)(1S) mass is shifted downwards due to a mixing with a CP-odd Higgs boson A with a mass m(A) in the range 9.4-10.5 GeV compatible with LEP, CLEO, and BABAR constraints. We determine the resulting predictions for the spectrum of the eta(b)(nS)-A system and the branching ratios into tau(+)tau(-) as functions of m(A). PMID:19792366
Gamow-Teller response in deformed even and odd neutron-rich Zr and Mo isotopes
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Sarriguren, P.; Algora, A.; Pereira, J.
2014-03-01
?-decay properties of neutron-rich Zr and Mo isotopes are investigated within a microscopic theoretical approach based on the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation. The underlying mean field is described self-consistently from deformed Skyrme Hartree-Fock calculations with pairing correlations. Residual separable particle-hole and particle-particle forces are also included in the formalism. The structural evolution in these isotopic chains including both even and odd isotopes is analyzed in terms of the equilibrium deformed shapes. Gamow-Teller strength distributions, ?-decay half-lives, and ?-delayed neutron-emission probabilities are studied, stressing their relevance to describe the path of the nucleosynthesis rapid neutron capture process.
Calculation of the (T,P)-odd electric dipole moment of thallium and cesium
Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V.
2009-12-15
Parity and time invariance violating electric dipole moment of {sup 205}Tl is calculated using the relativistic Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction methods and the many-body perturbation theory. Contributions from the interaction of the electron electric dipole moments with internal electric field and scalar-pseudoscalar electron-nucleon (T,P)-odd interaction are considered. The results are d({sup 205}Tl)=-582(20)d{sub e} or d({sup 205}Tl)=-7.0(2)x10{sup -18}C{sup SP}e cm. Interpretation of the measurements are discussed. The results of similar calculations for {sup 133}Cs are d({sup 133}Cs)=124(4)d{sub e} or d({sup 133}Cs)=0.76(2)x10{sup -18}C{sup SP}e cm.
Odd-skipped related 2 is epigenetically regulated in cellular quiescence
Kawai, Shinji; Amano, Atsuo
2010-06-11
Cellular behavior and development are extensively altered during the transition from cell cycle into quiescence, though the mechanism involved in establishing and maintaining quiescence is largely unknown. We found that Odd-skipped related 2 (Osr2) was up-regulated during cellular quiescence by serum starvation as well as culturing to confluence. To investigate the regulatory mechanism of Osr2 under these conditions, we characterized the mouse Osr2 promoter. CpG islands in the flanking region of the transcription start site were predominantly methylated in exponentially growing cells, resulting in silencing of Osr2 expression. In addition, CpG demethylation in quiescence caused activation of Osr2 expression, while acetylation of the H3 and H4 histones during quiescence also led to an increase in Osr2 expression. These results suggest that epigenetically regulated Osr2 plays an important role in cellular quiescence and proliferation.
Dissociation of metastable O2 as a potential source of atmospheric odd oxygen
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Frederick, J. E.; Cicerone, R. J.
1985-01-01
An analysis of the possible dissociation of metastable oxygen molecules subject ot constraints imposed by selection rules for molecular transitions, airglow observations, and atmospheric chemistry leads to the following conclusions. Dissociation of O2(b1Sigma g +) must produce a negligible number of oxygen atoms at all altitudes in the earth's atmosphere. However, if the dissociation cross section of O2(a1Delta g) has a maximum value in the range 10 to the -20th to 10 to the -19th/sq cm, then the process O2(a1Delta g) + h(nu) yields O2(C3Delta u) yields O(3P) + O(3P) will constitute a significant, and potentially the major, source of odd oxygen in the uppermost stratosphere and mesosphere.
Gamow-Teller response in deformed even and odd neutron-rich Zr and Mo isotopes
Sarriguren, P; Pereira, J
2014-01-01
Beta-decay properties of neutron-rich Zr and Mo isotopes are investigated within a microscopic theoretical approach based on the proton-neutron quasiparticle random-phase approximation. The underlying mean field is described self-consistently from deformed Skyrme Hartree-Fock calculations with pairing correlations. Residual separable particle-hole and particle-particle forces are also included in the formalism. The structural evolution in these isotopic chains including both even and odd isotopes is analyzed in terms of the equilibrium deformed shapes. Gamow-Teller strength distributions, beta-decay half-lives, and beta-delayed neutron-emission probabilities are studied, stressing their relevance to describe the path of the nucleosynthesis rapid neutron capture process.
Observation of isomeric decays and the high spin states in doubly-odd 208Fr
Kanjilal, D; Goswami, A; Kshetri, R; Raut, R; Saha, S; Bhowmik, R K; Gehlot, J; Muralithar, S; Singh, R P; Jnaneswari, G; Mukherjee, G; Mukherjee, B
2009-01-01
Neutron deficient isotopes of Francium (Z=87, N=121-123) as excited nuclei were produced in the fusion-evaporation reaction: 197Au(16O,xn)[213-x]Fr at 100 MeV. The gamma-rays from the residues were observed through the high sensitivity Germanium Clover detector array INGA. The decay of the high spin states and the isomeric states of the doubly-odd 208Fr nuclei, identified from the known sequence of ground state transitions, were observed. The half lives of the 194(2) keV isomeric transition, known from earlier observations, was measured to be 233(18) ns. A second isomeric transition at 383(2) keV and half life of 33(7) ns was also found. The measured half lives were compared with the corresponding single particle estimates, based on a the level scheme obtained from the experiment.
Reflection-asymmetric rotor model of odd Aapprox. 219--229 nuclei
Leander, G.A.; Chen, Y.S.
1988-06-01
The low-energy spectroscopy of odd-A nuclei in the mass region Aapprox.219--229 is modeled by coupling states of a deformed shell model including octupole deformation to a reflection-asymmetric rotor core. Theory and experiment are compared for the nuclei in which data are available: /sup 219,221,223,225/Rn, /sup 221,223,225,227/Fr, /sup 219,221,223,225,227/Ra, /sup 219,223,225,227,229/Ac /sup 221,223,225,227,229/Th, and /sup 229/Pa. Overall agreement requires an octupole deformation ..beta../sub 3/approx.0.1. The results throughout the region are synthesized to evaluate the model.
High spin states and isomeric decays in doubly-odd 208Fr
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Kanjilal, D.; Bhattacharya, S.; Goswami, A.; Kshetri, R.; Raut, R.; Saha, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Gehlot, J.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Jnaneswari, G.; Mukherjee, G.; Mukherjee, B.
2010-10-01
Neutron deficient isotopes of francium ( Z=87, N˜121-123) as excited nuclei were produced in the fusion-evaporation reaction: 197Au( 16O, xn) 213 - xFr at 100 MeV. The ? rays from the residues were observed through the high sensitivity Germanium Clover detector array INGA. The decay of the high spin states and the isomeric states of the doubly-odd 208Fr nuclei, identified from the known sequence of ground state transitions, were observed. The half-lives of the E=194(2) keV isomeric transition, known from earlier observations, was measured to be T=233(18) ns. A second isomeric transition at E=383(2) keV and T=33(7) ns was also found. The measured half-lives were compared with the corresponding single particle estimates, based on the level scheme obtained from the experiment.
Methods for a quantitative evaluation of odd-even staggering effects
Alessandro Olmi; Silvia Piantelli
2015-06-08
Odd-even effects, also known as "staggering" effects, are a common feature observed in the yield distributions of fragments produced in different types of nuclear reactions. We review old methods, and we propose new ones, for a quantitative estimation of these effects as a function of proton or neutron number of the reaction products. All methods are compared on the basis of Monte Carlo simulations. We find that some are not well suited for the task, the most reliable ones being those based either on a non-linear fit with a properly oscillating function or on a third (or fourth) finite difference approach. In any case, high statistic is of paramount importance to avoid that spurious structures appear just because of statistical fluctuations in the data and of strong correlations among the yields of neighboring fragments.
Pair production of the T-odd leptons at the LHC
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yue, Chong-Xing; Wang, Yong-Zhi; Lui, Wei; Ma, Wei
2009-05-01
The T-odd leptons predicted by the littlest Higgs model with T-parity can be pair produced via the subprocesses gg?ell+Hell-H, qbar q?ell+Hell-H, ???ell+Hell-H, and VV?ell+Hell-H (V=W or Z) at the CERN large hadron collider (LHC). We estimate the hadronic production cross-sections for all of these processes and give a simple phenomenology analysis. We find that the cross-sections for most of the above processes are very small. However, the value of the cross-section for the Drell-Yan process, qbar q?ell+Hell-H, can reach 270 fb.
Limiting P-odd interactions of cosmic fields with electrons, protons, and neutrons.
Roberts, B M; Stadnik, Y V; Dzuba, V A; Flambaum, V V; Leefer, N; Budker, D
2014-08-22
We propose methods for extracting limits on the strength of P-odd interactions of pseudoscalar and pseudovector cosmic fields with electrons, protons, and neutrons, by exploiting the static and dynamic parity-nonconserving amplitudes and electric dipole moments they induce in atoms. Candidates for such fields are dark matter (including axions) and dark energy, as well as several more exotic sources described by Lorentz-violating standard model extensions. Atomic calculations are performed for H, Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Ba(+), Tl, Dy, Fr, and Ra(+). From these calculations and existing measurements in Dy, Cs, and Tl, we constrain the interaction strengths of the parity-violating static pseudovector cosmic field to be 7 × 10(-15) GeV with an electron, and 3 × 10(-8) GeV with a proton. PMID:25192086
Odd-skipped related 2 regulates genes related to proliferation and development
Kawai, Shinji; Abiko, Yoshimitsu; Amano, Atsuo
2010-07-23
Cell proliferation is a biological process in which chromosomes replicate in one cell and equally divide into two daughter cells. Our previous findings suggested that Odd-skipped related 2 (Osr2) plays an important role in cellular quiescence and proliferation under epigenetic regulation. However, the mechanism used by Osr2 to establish and maintain proliferation is unknown. To examine the functional role of Osr2 in cell proliferation, we analyzed its downstream target genes using microarray analysis following adenovirus-induced overexpression of Osr2 as well as knockdown with Osr2 siRNA, which showed that Osr2 regulates a multitude of genes involved in proliferation and the cell cycle, as well as development. Additional proliferation assays also indicated that Osr2 likely functions to elicit cell proliferation. Together, these results suggest that Osr2 plays important roles in proliferation and development.
On strontium isotopic anomalies and odd-A p-process abundances. [in solar system
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Clayton, D. D.
1978-01-01
Several aspects of the nucleosynthesis of Sr isotopes are considered in an attempt to shed light on the problem of the Sr isotopic anomalies discovered in an inclusion of the Allende meteorite. Decomposition of the Sr isotopes into average r-, s-, and p-process nucleosynthetic classes is performed. It is suggested that the Allende inclusion most likely has an excess of s-process Sr and that the initial Sr-87/Sr-86 isotopic ratio is probably slightly more primitive than basaltic achondrites. The results also show that Sn-115 is mostly due to the r-process and that odd-A yields are very small. It is concluded that if the Sr anomaly in the inclusion is an average s enhancement, it argues somewhat in favor of a model of gas/dust fractionation of s and r isotopes during accumulation of the inclusion parent in the protosolar cloud.
Nonexistence of sharply covariant mutually unbiased bases in odd prime dimensions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Zhu, Huangjun
2015-09-01
Mutually unbiased bases (MUB) are useful in a number of research areas. The symmetry of MUB is an elusive and interesting subject. A (complete set of) MUB in dimension d is sharply covariant if it can be generated by a group of order d (d +1 ) from a basis state. Such MUB, if they exist, would be most appealing to theoretical studies and practical applications. Unfortunately, they seem to be quite rare. Here we prove that no MUB in odd prime dimensions is sharply covariant, by virtue of clever applications of Mersenne primes, Galois fields, and Frobenius groups. This conclusion provides valuable insight about the symmetry of MUB and the geometry of quantum state space. It complements and strengthens the earlier result of the author that only two stabilizer MUB are sharply covariant. Our study leads to the conjecture that no MUB other than those in dimensions 2 and 4 is sharply covariant.
Phonon-particle coupling effects in odd-even double mass differences of magic nuclei
E. E. Saperstein; M. Baldo; N. V. Gnezdilov; S. V. Tolokonnikov
2015-11-25
A method is developed to consider the particle-phonon coupling (PC) effects in the problem of finding odd-even double mass differences (DMD) of magic nuclei within the approach starting from the free $NN$-potential. Three PC effects are taken into account, the phonon induced interaction, the renormalization of the ``ends'' due to the $Z$-factors and the change of the single-particle energies. We use the perturbation theory in $g^2_L$, where $g_L$ is the vertex of the $L$-phonon creation. PC corrections to single-particle energies are found self-consistently with an approximate account for the so-called tadpole diagram. Results for double-magic $^{132}$Sn and $^{208}$Pb nuclei show that the PC corrections make agreement with the experimental data better.
Phonon-particle coupling effects in odd-even double mass differences of magic nuclei
Saperstein, E E; Gnezdilov, N V; Tolokonnikov, S V
2015-01-01
A method is developed to consider the particle-phonon coupling (PC) effects in the problem of finding odd-even double mass differences (DMD) of magic nuclei within the approach starting from the free $NN$-potential. Three PC effects are taken into account, the phonon induced interaction, the renormalization of the ``ends'' due to the $Z$-factors and the change of the single-particle energies. We use the perturbation theory in $g^2_L$, where $g_L$ is the vertex of the $L$-phonon creation. PC corrections to single-particle energies are found self-consistently with an approximate account for the so-called tadpole diagram. Results for double-magic $^{132}$Sn and $^{208}$Pb nuclei show that the PC corrections make agreement with the experimental data better.
Odd-frequency triplet superconductivity at the helical edge of a topological insulator
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Crépin, François; Burset, Pablo; Trauzettel, Björn
2015-09-01
Nonlocal pairing processes at the edge of a two-dimensional topological insulator in proximity to an s -wave superconductor are usually suppressed by helicity. However, the additional proximity of a ferromagnetic insulator can substantially influence the helical constraint and therefore open a new conduction channel by allowing for crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) processes. We show a one-to-one correspondence between CAR and the emergence of odd-frequency triplet superconductivity. Hence, nonlocal transport experiments that identify CAR in helical liquids yield smoking-gun evidence for unconventional superconductivity. Interestingly, we identify a setup—composed of a superconductor flanked by two ferromagnetic insulators—that allows us to favor CAR over electron cotunneling, which is known to be a difficult but essential task to be able to measure CAR.
Even-odd effect in multifragmentation products: the footprints of evaporation
M. V. Ricciardi; K. -H. Schmidt; A. Keli?-Heil
2011-12-05
The analysis of experimental production cross-sections of intermediate-mass fragments (IMF) of several nuclear reactions at relativistic energy, measured at the FRS, GSI Darmstadt, revealed a very strong and complex even-odd staggering. The origin of this effect is related to the condensation process of hot nuclei while cooling down by evaporation. The characteristics of the staggering correlate strongly with the lowest particle separation energy of the final experimentally observed nuclei, but not with the binding energy. The study confirms the important role of the de-excitation process in multifragmentation reactions, and indicates that sequential decay strongly influences the yields of IMF, which are often used to extract information on the nature of nuclear reactions at high energies.
Exposure to childhood traumas ups the odds of giving birth to daughters.
Kaitz, Marsha; Rokem, Ann Marie; Mankuta, David; Davidov, Maayan; Faraone, Stephen V
2014-04-01
This study examined the likelihood of giving birth to a daughter as a function of women's exposure to four categories of stressors: childhood trauma, adult trauma, chronic stressors, and recent (adverse) life events. Hypothesis 1 stated that exposure to recent life events (near conception) and to childhood traumas would increase women's chances of having a girl baby. Hypothesis 2 stated that the relationship between stress and gender outcome is mediated by persistent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The final sample was comprised of 225 women. The design was prospective observational. At first contact, women were retained if they were <27 weeks pregnant and met initial inclusion criteria. In interview 2, at 27-30 weeks, women were excluded for positive diagnoses of anxiety disorders besides PTSD with or without depression (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Disorders). In interview 3 (30-34 weeks), reports on stress categories (Social Stress Indicator Questionnaire) and PTSD symptoms (Post-Traumatic Checklist) were obtained. Infant gender was obtained from medical records. The relationship between stress categories and the distribution of girl/boy infants was examined with Chi Squares and logistic regression analyses. Mediation was tested with the macro PROCESS (Hayes 2012). Childhood trauma was the only stress category that increased the odds of having a girl, with an odds ratio of >3.0 for women who had been exposed to more than two such events. PTSD symptoms (partially) mediated the relationship between childhood trauma and infant gender. Findings suggest that women's exposure to childhood trauma contributes to the determination of the sex ratio at birth and that PTSD symptoms are part of the cause. PMID:24221408
Isomers in three doubly odd Fr-At-Bi. alpha. -decay chains
Huyse, M.; Decrock, P.; Dendooven, P.; Reusen, G.; Van Duppen, P.; Wauters, J. )
1992-10-01
The {sup 206}Fr{r arrow}{sup 202}At{r arrow}{sup 198}Bi, {sup 204}Fr{r arrow}{sup 200}At{r arrow}{sup 196}Bi, and {sup 202}Fr{r arrow}{sup 198}At{r arrow}{sup 194}Bi {ital a}-decay chains have been studied by standard spectroscopic techniques using an on-line isotope separator. All the studied doubly odd isotopes have at least two isomers, which decay by a combination of the following decay modes: {ital a} emission, {beta}{sup +}/EC (electron capture) decay, and internal transition (IT). The internal transition, a highly retarded {ital E}3, is the {ital j}-forbidden transition between the ({pi}{ital h}{sub 9/2}{direct product}{nu}{ital i}{sub 13/2}){sub 10}{sup {minus}} and the ({pi}{ital h}{sub 9/2}{direct product}{nu}{ital f}{sub 5/2}){sub 7}{sup +} states. The {ital B}({ital E}3) values of these IT's together with their energy behavior as a function of the neutron and proton number, compared to the energy difference between the 13/2{sup +}({nu}{ital i}{sub 13/2}) and 5/2{sup {minus}}({nu}{ital f}{sub 5/2}) states in the odd-mass Pb isotones, indicate that these proton-neutron-coupled states have a rather pure shell-model character.
Inchley, Jo; Kirby, Jo; Currie, Candace
2011-05-01
The purpose of this study was to examine adolescents' physical self-perceptions and their associations with physical activity using a longitudinal perspective. Utilizing data from the Physical Activity in Scottish Schoolchildren (PASS) study, changes in exercise self-efficacy, perceived competence, global self-esteem and physical self-worth were assessed among a sample of 641 Scottish adolescents from age 11-15 years. Girls reported lower levels of perceived competence, self-esteem and physical self-worth than boys at each age. Furthermore, girls' physical self-perceptions decreased markedly over time. Among boys, only perceived competence decreased, while global self-esteem increased. Baseline physical activity was a significant predictor of later activity levels for both genders. Findings demonstrate the importance of physical self-perceptions in relation to physical activity behavior among adolescents. Among older boys, high perceived competence increased the odds of being active by 3.8 times. Among older girls, high exercise self-efficacy increased the odds of being active by 5.2 times. There is a need for early interventions which promote increased physical literacy and confidence, particularly among girls. PMID:21633136
Algebraic solutions for UB F(5 ) -OB F(6 ) quantum phase transition in odd-mass-number nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jafarizadeh, M. A.; Ghapanvari, M.; Fouladi, N.
2015-11-01
The spherical to ? -unstable nuclei shape-phase transition in odd-A nuclei is investigated by using the dual algebraic structures and the affine SU (1 ,1 ) ? Lie algebra within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The new algebraic solution for odd-A nuclei is introduced. In this model, single j =1 /2 and 3/2 fermions are coupled with an even-even boson core. Energy spectra, quadrupole electromagnetic transitions, and an expectation value of the d -boson number operator are presented. Experimental evidence for the UB F(5 ) -OB F(6 ) transition in odd-A Ba and Rh isotopes is presented. The low-states energy spectra and B (E 2 ) values for these nuclei are also calculated and compared with the experimental data.
Beatriz Jurado; Karl-Heinz Schmidt
2014-11-17
The characteristics of the odd-even effect in fission-fragment Z distributions are compared to a model based on statistical mechanics. Special care is taken for using a consistent description for the influence of pairing correlations on the nuclear level density. The variation of the odd-even effect with the mass of the fissioning nucleus and with fission asymmetry is explained by the important statistical weight of configurations where the light nascent fission fragment populates the lowest energy state of an even-even nucleus. This implies that entropy drives excitation energy and unpaired nucleons predominantly to the heavy fragment. Therefore, within our model, the odd-even effect appears as an additional signature of the recently discovered energy-sorting process in nuclear fission.
Ab initio theory of magnetic-field-induced odd-frequency two-band superconductivity in MgB2
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Aperis, Alex; Maldonado, Pablo; Oppeneer, Peter M.
2015-08-01
We develop the anisotropic Eliashberg framework for superconductivity in the presence of an applied magnetic field. Using as input the ab initio calculated electron and phonon band structures and electron-phonon coupling, we solve self-consistently the anisotropic Eliashberg equations for the archetypal superconductor MgB2. We find two self-consistent solutions, time-even two-band superconductivity, as well as unconventional time-odd s -wave spin triplet two-band superconductivity emerging with applied field. We provide the full momentum, frequency, and spin-resolved dependence and magnetic field-temperature phase diagrams of the time-even and time-odd superconducting pair amplitudes and predict fingerprints of this novel odd-frequency state in tunneling experiments.
Algebraic Solutions for $U^{BF}(5)-O^{BF}(6)$ Quantum Phase Transition in Odd Mass Number Nuclei
Jafarizadeh, M A; Fouladi, N
2015-01-01
The spherical to deformed $\\gamma -unstable$ shape- phase transition in odd-A nuclei is investigated by using the Dual algebraic structures and the affine $SU(1,1)$ Lie Algebra within the framework of the interacting boson - fermion model. The new algebraic solution for A-odd nuclei is introduced. In this model, Single $j = 1/2 $ and $ 3/2 $ fermions are coupled with an even-even boson core. Energy spectra, quadruple electromagnetic transitions and an expectation value of the d-boson number operator are presented. Experimental evidence for the $U^{BF} (5)-O^{BF} (6)$ transition in odd -A $Ba$ and $Rh$ isotopes is presented. The low-states energy spectra and $B(E2)$values for these nuclei have been also calculated and compared with the experimental data.
Algebraic Solutions for $U^{BF}(5)-O^{BF}(6)$ Quantum Phase Transition in Odd Mass Number Nuclei
M. A. Jafarizadeh; M. Ghapanvari; N. Fouladi
2015-09-17
The spherical to deformed $\\gamma -unstable$ shape- phase transition in odd-A nuclei is investigated by using the Dual algebraic structures and the affine $SU(1,1)$ Lie Algebra within the framework of the interacting boson - fermion model. The new algebraic solution for A-odd nuclei is introduced. In this model, Single $j = 1/2 $ and $ 3/2 $ fermions are coupled with an even-even boson core. Energy spectra, quadruple electromagnetic transitions and an expectation value of the d-boson number operator are presented. Experimental evidence for the $U^{BF} (5)-O^{BF} (6)$ transition in odd -A $Ba$ and $Rh$ isotopes is presented. The low-states energy spectra and $B(E2)$values for these nuclei have been also calculated and compared with the experimental data.
Burke, Jeffrey D.; Boylan, Khrista; Rowe, Richard; Duku, Eric; Stepp, Stephanie D.; Hipwell, Alison E.; Waldman, Irwin D.
2014-01-01
The importance of irritability as measured among the symptoms of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) has dramatically come to the fore in recent years. New diagnostic categories rely on the distinct clinical utility of irritability, and models of psychopathology suggest it plays a key role in explaining developmental pathways within and between disorders into adulthood. However, only a few studies have tested multidimensional models of ODD, and the results have been conflicting. Further, consensus has not been reached regarding which symptoms best identify irritability. The present analyses use data from five large community data sets with five different measures of parent-reported ODD, comprising 16,280 youth in total, to help resolve these questions. Across the samples, ages ranged from 5 to 18, and included both boys and girls. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that a modified bifactor model showed the best fit in each of the five data sets. The structure of the model included two correlated specific factors (irritability and oppositional behavior) in addition to a general ODD factor. In four of the five models, the best fit was obtained using the items of being touchy, angry and often losing temper as indicators of irritability. Given the structure of the models and the generally high correlation between the specific dimensions, the results suggest that irritability may not be sufficiently distinct from oppositional behavior to support an entirely independent diagnosis. Rather, irritability may be better understood as a dimension of psychopathology that can be distinguished within ODD, and which may be related to particular forms of psychopathology apart from ODD. PMID:25314267
Chiral-odd generalized parton distributions for proton in a light-front quark-diquark model
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Chakrabarti, Dipankar; Mondal, Chandan
2015-10-01
We present a study of the chiral-odd generalized parton distributions (GPDs) for u and d quarks in a proton using the light-front wave functions (LFWFs) of the scalar quark-diquark model for a nucleon constructed from the soft-wall AdS/QCD correspondence. We obtain the GPDs in terms of overlaps of the LFWFs. Numerical results for chiral-odd GPDs in momentum as well as transverse position (impact) spaces considering both zero and nonzero skewness(? ) are presented. For nonzero skewness, the GPDs are also evaluated in longitudinal position space.
A. D. Dolgov
2006-06-21
A comparison of the standard models in particle physics and in cosmology demonstrates that they are not compatible, though both are well established. Basics of modern cosmology are briefly reviewed. It is argued that the measurements of the main cosmological parameters are achieved through many independent physical phenomena and this minimizes possible interpretation errors. It is shown that astronomy demands new physics beyond the frameworks of the (minimal) standard model in particle physics. More revolutionary modifications of the basic principles of the theory are also discussed.
RAPID COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICAL REVIEW B 90, 140503(R) (2014)
Jackson, Sophie
2014-01-01
RAPID COMMUNICATIONS PHYSICAL REVIEW B 90, 140503(R) (2014) Experimental observation: 10.1103/PhysRevB.90.140503 PACS number(s): 74.50.+r, 85.25.Oj, 74.45.+c, 85.25.Cp Unpaired electronic electrical devices. They lead to even-odd parity effects in Coulomb blockade nanostructures [1,2]; they act
Factors associated with leisure time physical inactivity in black individuals: hierarchical model
Lessa, Ines; Barbosa, Paulo José B.; Barbosa, Simone Janete O.; Costa, Maria Cecília; Lopes, Adair da Silva
2014-01-01
Background. A number of studies have shown that the black population exhibits higher levels of leisure-time physical inactivity (LTPI), but few have investigated the factors associated with this behavior. Objective. The aim of this study was to analyze associated factors and the explanatory model proposed for LTPI in black adults. Methods. The design was cross-sectional with a sample of 2,305 adults from 20–96 years of age, 902 (39.1%) men, living in the city of Salvador, Brazil. LTPI was analyzed using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). A hierarchical model was built with the possible factors associated with LTPI, distributed in distal (age and sex), intermediate 1 (socioeconomic status, educational level and marital status), intermediate 2 (perception of safety/violence in the neighborhood, racial discrimination in private settings and physical activity at work) and proximal blocks (smoking and participation in Carnival block rehearsals). We estimated crude and adjusted odds ratio (OR) using logistic regression. Results. The variables inversely associated with LTPI were male gender, socioeconomic status and secondary/university education, although the proposed model explains only 4.2% of LTPI. Conclusions. We conclude that male gender, higher education and socioeconomic status can reduce LTPI in black adults. PMID:25289177
SÁEZ, FRANCISCO JOSÉ; MADRID, JUAN FRANCISCO; APARICIO, RAQUEL; HERNÁNDEZ, FRANCISCO; ALONSO, EDURNE
2001-01-01
The amphibian testis is a useful model because of its zonal organisation in lobules, distributed along the cephalocaudal axis, each containing a unique germ cell type. Sperm empty lobules form the so-called glandular tissue at the posterior region of the gonad. Androgen production is limited to the cells of the interstitial tissue surrounding lobules with spermatozoa bundles and to the cells of the glandular tissue. In this work, we have studied the distribution of terminal carbohydrate moieties of N- and O-linked oligosaccharides in the interstitial and glandular tissue of the Pleurodeles waltl testis, by means of 14 lectins combined with chemical and enzymatic deglycosylation pretreatment. Some differences in glycan composition between the interstitial and the glandular tissue have been detected. Thus in both tissues, N-linked oligosaccharides contained mannose, Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, and Neu5Ac(?2,3)Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, while O-linked oligosaccharides contained Con A-positive mannose, Gal(?1,3)GalNAc, Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, Neu5Ac(?2,3)Gal(?1,4)GlcNAc, and WGA-positive GlcNAc. Fucose was also detected in both tissues. However, GlcNAc on N-linked oligosaccharides and GalNAc and Neu5Ac(?2,6)Gal/GalNAc on both N- and O-linked oligosaccharides were found only in the interstitial tissue. As glandular tissue cells arise from the innermost cells of interstitial tissue that surround lobules, the differences in the glycan composition of interstitial and glandular tissue shown in this work may be related to the start of androgen synthesis when steroid hormone (SH)-secreting cells develop. PMID:11215767
Page, Randy M; Brewster, Aaron
2007-12-01
The aggressive advertising and marketing of high caloric food products to children is implicated as a potential causative factor in the childhood obesity epidemic. This study analyzed 147 commercials appearing during children's programming on U.S. broadcast networks for a wide range of potential emotional and rational advertising appeals. The most prominent emotional appeals were fun/happiness and play followed by fantasy/ imagination, social enhancement/peer acceptance, and coolness/hipness. Many of the products used the term ;super-charged' or a similar adjective to describe the powerful taste or other physical properties of the product. More than one-third of all the commercials used a fruit appeal or association. Statements or depictions that a product was healthy or nutritious were quite rare among the commercials. This seems to imply that health and nutrition claims are understood by food marketers to not be salient concerns among children and as such are not a selling point to children. Commercials for high sugar cereal products and fast food restaurants differed in several respects. This study can serve to guide child health care professionals and other child advocates in designing measures that counter food advertising messages directed at children. PMID:18039734
quantum physics quantum physics
Shimizu, Akira
1. 1 quantum physics quantum physics quantum physics quantum physics 1) *1 http://xxx.lanl.gov/ 2 4 HI Q = +1 2 4 1 6) S Q S P Q P R Q R R R Q R Q R Q R R P ( Heisenberg cut 5, 6) R Q R R Q Q 3, 8, 9) POVM R NO. 469, JULY 2002 7 #12;POVM POVM 8. Q S P HI [Q, HI] = 0 (22) 6) HI Q HI 10) (22) QED 10) 10
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Physics 32100
Brinkmann, Peter
DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS Syllabus Physics 32100 Modern Physics for Engineers Designation to one- electron atoms, atomic shell structure and periodic table; nuclear physics, relativity. Prerequisites: Prereq.: Physics 20800 or equivalent, Math 20300 or 20900 (elective for Engineering students
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Uzzell, Renata; Simon, Candace; Horwitz, Amanda; Hyslop, Anne; Lewis, Sharon; Casserly, Michael
2010-01-01
The Council of the Great City Schools has prepared this ninth edition of Beating the Odds to give the nation an in-depth look at how big city schools are performing on the academic goals and standards set by the states. This analysis examines student achievement in mathematics and reading from spring 2006 through spring 2009. It also measures…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Forssman, Linda; Eninger, Lilianne; Tillman, Carin M.; Rodriguez, Alina; Bohlin, Gunilla
2012-01-01
Objective: In this study, the authors investigated whether ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) behaviors share associations with problems in cognitive functioning and/or family risk factors in adolescence. This was done by examining independent as well as specific associations of cognitive functioning and family risk factors with ADHD and…
Fall even years Spring odd years CE G7100 Water & Wastewater Quality CE G0800 GIS in WREE
Wolberg, George
Fall even years Spring odd years CE G7100 Water & Wastewater Quality CE G0800 GIS in WREE CE G81007300 Surface Water Quality Modeling CE G9800 Sustainability in Engineering CE G7800 Solid Waste1200 Engineering Hydrology ENGR 59910 Introduction to GIS CE 57100 Water Quality Analysis dENGR 30100
Boehning, Dankmar
, School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, UK, Heinz Holling Statistics and Quantitative to choose the cut-off value on the basis of the maximised diagnostic odds ratio. We show that this strategy in separating persons with a specific condition (diseased) from those without this condition (non- diseased
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Le, Huy; Marcus, Justin
2012-01-01
This study used Monte Carlo simulation to examine the properties of the overall odds ratio (OOR), which was recently introduced as an index for overall effect size in multiple logistic regression. It was found that the OOR was relatively independent of study base rate and performed better than most commonly used R-square analogs in indexing model…
Du, Shasha; Ren, Chen; Wang, Yuxia; Yuan, Yawei
2015-01-01
Radiation therapy has an important role in the treatment of breast cancer. Dysfunction p53 and hypoxia are typical biological characteristics of breast cancer that constitute barriers to the efficacy of radiotherapy. Mitophagy plays a protective role in cellular homeostasis under hypoxic conditions, while mitophagy is inhibited by p53 in normal cells. We explored the effects of a p53 fusion protein, TAT-ODD-p53, on the radiosensitivity of hypoxic breast cancer cells both in vitro and in vivo, as well as investigating the related molecular mechanisms. We found that selective accumulation of TAT-ODD-p53 occurred under hypoxic conditions and significantly increased tumor cell radiosensitivity both in vitro and in vivo. Mitophagy had an important role in maintaining hypoxia-induced radioresistance. Mitophagy was inhibited by TAT-ODD-p53 and this inhibition was suppressed by over-expression of Parkin in hypoxic irradiated breast cancer cells. In addition, mitophagy was induced by deletion of p53, with this effect being weakened by Parkin knockdown at a low oxygen tension. By interacting with Parkin, p53 inhibited the translocation of Parkin to the mitochondria, disrupting the protective mitophagy process. These results suggest that TAT-ODD-p53 has a significant and preferential radiosensitizing effect on hypoxic breast cancer cells by inhibition of Parkin-mediated mitophagy. PMID:26025927
Chantler, Christopher T.
Ab initio Dirac-Hartree-Fock calculations of chemical properties and PT-odd effects in thallium the calculation of the electronic structures of molecules containing heavy elements are also addressed. S1050- action which represents the interaction between electrons and the weak neutral currents within nuclei
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Abe, Yasuyo; Weinstock, Phyllis; Chan, Vincent; Meyers, Coby; Gerdeman, R. Dean; Brandt, W. Christopher
2015-01-01
A number of states and school districts have identified schools that perform better than expected, given the populations they serve, in order to recognize school performance or to learn from local school practices and policies. These schools have been labeled "beating the odds," "high-performing/high-poverty,"…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Uzzell, Renata; Fernandez, Jeannette; Palacios, Moses; Hart, Ray; Casserly, Michael
2014-01-01
The Council of the Great City Schools prepared this thirteenth edition of "Beating the Odds" to give the nation an in-depth look at how big-city schools are performing on the academic goals and standards set by the states. This analysis examines student achievement in mathematics and reading from spring 2010 through spring 2013; measures…
The replica method and entropy for mixture of two-mode even and odd schrödinger cat states
Ivan V. Dudinetc; Vladimir I. Man'ko
2015-05-21
The replica method for calculating the von Neumann entropy is reviewed. Explicit expression for the entropy of the mixed coherent states $|\\alpha\\rangle$ and $|\\beta\\rangle$ is obtained using this method. The purity inequality for bipartite system for separable states is studied on example of even and odd Schr\\"{o}dinger cat state.
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Christidis, Nikolaos; Stott, Peter A.; Zwiers, Francis W.
2015-09-01
Regional warming due to anthropogenic influence on the climate is expected to increase the frequency of very warm years and seasons. The growing research area of extreme event attribution has provided pertinent scientific evidence for a number of such warm events for which the forced climate response rises above internal climatic variability. Although the demand for attribution assessments is higher shortly after an event occurs, most scientific studies become available several months later. A formal attribution methodology is employed here to pre-compute the changing odds of very warm years and seasons in regions across the world. Events are defined based on the exceedence of temperature thresholds and their changing odds are measured over a range of pre-specified thresholds, which means assessments can be made as soon as a new event happens. Optimal fingerprinting provides observationally constrained estimates of the global temperature response to external forcings from which regional information is extracted. This information is combined with estimates of internal variability to construct temperature distributions with and without the effect of anthropogenic influence. The likelihood of an event is computed for each distribution and the change in the odds estimated. Analyses are conducted with seven climate models to explore the model dependency of the results. Apart from colder regions and seasons, characterised by greater internal climate variability, the odds of warm events are found to have significantly increased and temperatures above the threshold of 1-in-10 year events during 1961-1990 have become at least twice as likely to occur.
Trends in the human sex odds at birth in Europe and the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident.
Scherb, Hagen; Voigt, Kristina
2007-06-01
To investigate trends in the sex odds before and after the Chernobyl accident, gender-specific annual birth statistics were obtained from the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, and Sweden between 1982 and 1992. For parts of Germany, annual birth statistics and fallout measurements after Chernobyl are available at the district level. Trend models allowing for discontinuities of the male birth proportions are suggested. Superimposed on a downward trend in male proportions there was a jump in 1987 with a sex odds ratio of 1.0047 (95%-confidence interval: 1.0013-1.0081, p=0.0061). A positive association of the male proportion in Germany between 1986 and 1991 with radioactive exposure at the district level is reflected by a sex odds ratio of 1.0145 per mSv/a (1.0021-1.0271, p=0.0218). These findings suggest a possible long-term chronic influence of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident on the human sex odds at birth in several European countries. PMID:17482426
Collective states of the odd-mass nuclei within the framework of the Interacting Vector Boson Model
H. G. Ganev
2008-04-11
A supersymmetric extension of the dynamical symmetry group $Sp^{B}(12,R)$ of the Interacting Vector Boson Model (IVBM), to the orthosymplectic group $OSp(2\\Omega/12,R)$ is developed in order to incorporate fermion degrees of freedom into the nuclear dynamics and to encompass the treatment of odd mass nuclei. The bosonic sector of the supergroup is used to describe the complex collective spectra of the neighboring even-even nuclei and is considered as a core structure of the odd nucleus. The fermionic sector is represented by the fermion spin group $SO^{F}(2\\Omega)\\supset SU^{F}(2)$. The so obtained, new exactly solvable limiting case is applied for the description of the nuclear collective spectra of odd mass nuclei. The theoretical predictions for different collective bands in three odd mass nuclei, namely $^{157}Gd$, $^{173}Yb$ and $^{163}Dy$ from rare earth region are compared with the experiment. The $B(E2)$ transition probabilities for the $^{157}Gd$ and $^{163}Dy$ between the states of the ground band are also studied. The important role of the symplectic structure of the model for the proper reproduction of the $B(E2)$ behavior is revealed. The obtained results reveal the applicability of the models extension.
Construction of Number Fields of Odd Degree with Class Numbers Divisible by Three, Five or by Seven
Sato, Atsushi
of degree l. Let k be a number field of finite degree, and let E be an elliptic curve def* *ined over Construction of Number Fields of Odd Degree with Class Numbers Divisible Institute, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578, Japan E-mail: atsushi
The Effect of Raffle Odds on Signing In at a Treatment Center for Adults with Mental Illness
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Gravina, Nicole; Wilder, David A.; White, Holly; Fabian, Todd
2005-01-01
This case study describes the use of a daily raffle to increase attendance in a socialization center for approximately 75 adults diagnosed with mental illness. Specifically, the relationship between signing in, which was a measure of attendance, and the odds of winning points which could be exchanged for tangible and edible items was examined. An…
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Swan, Kathy; Griffin, Susan
2013-01-01
When the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards project began, there really was nowhere else to go but up. The project was up against great odds--a dearth of funding, a history of incivility amongst the disciplines within social studies, a knack for ending up in media battles over what should be taught in…
Physical Development: Thinking Physically
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Strickland, Erik
2005-01-01
Children grow and develop physically according to their own experiences, characteristics, and abilities. Physical development is so important and the environment should allow each child to find her space in the sunshine. This can be done by: (1) creating the right outdoor environment; (2) allowing children time to use it; (3) encouraging movement…
Spatial properties of odd and even low order harmonics generated in gas.
Lambert, G; Andreev, A; Gautier, J; Giannessi, L; Malka, V; Petralia, A; Sebban, S; Stremoukhov, S; Tissandier, F; Vodungbo, B; Zeitoun, Ph
2015-01-01
High harmonic generation in gases is developing rapidly as a soft X-ray femtosecond light-source for applications. This requires control over all the harmonics characteristics and in particular, spatial properties have to be kept very good. In previous literature, measurements have always included several harmonics contrary to applications, especially spectroscopic applications, which usually require a single harmonic. To fill this gap, we present here for the first time a detailed study of completely isolated harmonics. The contribution of the surrounding harmonics has been totally suppressed using interferential filtering which is available for low harmonic orders. In addition, this allows to clearly identify behaviors of standard odd orders from even orders obtained by frequency-mixing of a fundamental laser and of its second harmonic. Comparisons of the spatial intensity profiles, of the spatial coherence and of the wavefront aberration level of 5? at 160 nm and 6? at 135 nm have then been performed. We have established that the fundamental laser beam aberrations can cause the appearance of a non-homogenous donut-shape in the 6? spatial intensity distribution. This undesirable effect can be easily controlled. We finally conclude that the spatial quality of an even harmonic can be as excellent as in standard generation. PMID:25585715
Performance analysis of doubly optimal CDMA spreading codes with odd length
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Karystinos, George N.; Pados, Dimitris A.
2003-07-01
A doubly optimal binary signature set is a set of binary spreading sequences that can be used for code division multiplexing purposes and exhibits minimum total-squared-correlation (TSC)and minimum maximum-squared-correlation (MSC) at the same time. In this article, we focus on such sets with signatures of odd length and we derive closed-form expressions for the signature cross-correlation matrix, its eigenvalues, and its inverse. Then, we derive analytic expressions for (i) the bit-error-rate (BER) upon decorrelating processing,(ii) the maximum achievable signal-to-interference-plus-noise (SINR) ratio upon minimum-mean-square-error (MMSE) filtering, and (iii) the total asymptotic efficiency of the system. We find that doubly optimal sets with signature length of the form 4m+1, m=1, 2,..., are in all respects superior to doubly optimal sets with signature length of the form 4m-1 (the latter class includes the familiar Gold sets as a small proper subset). "4m+1" sets perform practically at the single-user-bound (SUB) after decorrelating or MMSE processing (not true for "4m-1" sets). The total asymptotic efficiency of "4m+1" sets is lower bounded by 2/e for any system user load. The corresponding lower bound for "4m-1" sets is zero.
Spatial properties of odd and even low order harmonics generated in gas
Lambert, G.; Andreev, A.; Gautier, J.; Giannessi, L.; Malka, V.; Petralia, A.; Sebban, S.; Stremoukhov, S.; Tissandier, F.; Vodungbo, B.; Zeitoun, Ph.
2015-01-01
High harmonic generation in gases is developing rapidly as a soft X-ray femtosecond light-source for applications. This requires control over all the harmonics characteristics and in particular, spatial properties have to be kept very good. In previous literature, measurements have always included several harmonics contrary to applications, especially spectroscopic applications, which usually require a single harmonic. To fill this gap, we present here for the first time a detailed study of completely isolated harmonics. The contribution of the surrounding harmonics has been totally suppressed using interferential filtering which is available for low harmonic orders. In addition, this allows to clearly identify behaviors of standard odd orders from even orders obtained by frequency-mixing of a fundamental laser and of its second harmonic. Comparisons of the spatial intensity profiles, of the spatial coherence and of the wavefront aberration level of 5? at 160?nm and 6? at 135?nm have then been performed. We have established that the fundamental laser beam aberrations can cause the appearance of a non-homogenous donut-shape in the 6? spatial intensity distribution. This undesirable effect can be easily controlled. We finally conclude that the spatial quality of an even harmonic can be as excellent as in standard generation. PMID:25585715
Zhang, Hang; Maloney, Laurence T.
2012-01-01
In decision from experience, the source of probability information affects how probability is distorted in the decision task. Understanding how and why probability is distorted is a key issue in understanding the peculiar character of experience-based decision. We consider how probability information is used not just in decision-making but also in a wide variety of cognitive, perceptual, and motor tasks. Very similar patterns of distortion of probability/frequency information have been found in visual frequency estimation, frequency estimation based on memory, signal detection theory, and in the use of probability information in decision-making under risk and uncertainty. We show that distortion of probability in all cases is well captured as linear transformations of the log odds of frequency and/or probability, a model with a slope parameter, and an intercept parameter. We then consider how task and experience influence these two parameters and the resulting distortion of probability. We review how the probability distortions change in systematic ways with task and report three experiments on frequency distortion where the distortions change systematically in the same task. We found that the slope of frequency distortions decreases with the sample size, which is echoed by findings in decision from experience. We review previous models of the representation of uncertainty and find that none can account for the empirical findings. PMID:22294978
C P -odd component of the lightest neutral Higgs boson in the MSSM
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Li, Bing; Wagner, Carlos E. M.
2015-05-01
The Higgs sector of the minimal supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model (MSSM) may be described with a two Higgs doublet model with properties that depend on the soft supersymmetry breaking parameters. For instance, flavor independent C P -violating phases associated with the gaugino masses, the squark trilinear mass parameters and the Higgsino mass parameter ? may lead to sizable C P -violation in the Higgs sector. For these C P -violating effects to affect the properties of the recently observed SM-like Higgs resonance, the nonstandard charged and neutral Higgs boson masses must be of the order of the weak scale, and both ? as well as the trilinear stop mass parameter At must be of the order or larger than the stop mass parameters. Constraints on this possibility come from direct searches for nonstandard Higgs bosons, precision measurements on the lightest neutral Higgs properties, including its mass, and electric dipole moments. In this article, we discuss these constraints within the MSSM, trying to evaluate the possible size of the C P -odd component of the lightest neutral Higgs boson, and the possible experimental tests of this C P -violating effect at the LHC.
New band mechanism of doubly-odd nuclei around mass 130
Higashiyama, K.; Yoshinaga, N.; Tanabe, K.
2005-08-01
The nuclear structure of the {delta}I=1 doublet bands in doubly-odd nuclei {sup 130}Cs, {sup 132}Cs, {sup 132}La, and {sup 134}La is studied in terms of a pair-truncated shell model, in which the collective nucleon pairs with angular momenta of zero and two are its basic ingredients. The effective interactions consist of single-particle energies and monopole and quadrupole pairing plus quadrupole-quadrupole interactions, whose strengths are determined so as to describe the level schemes of even-even nuclei in the mass A {approx} 130 region. The calculation reproduces well the energy levels of the doublet bands and the electromagnetic transitions, especially the staggering of the ratios B(M1;I{yields}I-1)/B(E2;I{yields}I-2) for the yrast states. Through the analysis of the wave functions, the doublet bands turn out to be made of different angular momentum configurations of an unpaired neutron and an unpaired proton, weakly coupled with the quadrupole collective excitations of the even-even part of the nucleus.
Insulating state in tetralayers reveals an even–odd interaction effect in multilayer graphene
Grushina, Anya L.; Ki, Dong-Keun; Koshino, Mikito; Nicolet, Aurelien A. L.; Faugeras, Clément; McCann, Edward; Potemski, Marek; Morpurgo, Alberto F.
2015-01-01
Close to charge neutrality, the electronic properties of graphene and its multilayers are sensitive to electron–electron interactions. In bilayers, for instance, interactions are predicted to open a gap between valence and conduction bands, turning the system into an insulator. In mono and (Bernal-stacked) trilayers, which remain conducting at low temperature, interactions do not have equally drastic consequences. It is expected that interaction effects become weaker for thicker multilayers, whose behaviour should converge to that of graphite. Here we show that this expectation does not correspond to reality by revealing the occurrence of an insulating state close to charge neutrality in Bernal-stacked tetralayer graphene. The phenomenology—incompatible with the behaviour expected from the single-particle band structure—resembles that observed in bilayers, but the insulating state in tetralayers is visible at higher temperature. We explain our findings, and the systematic even–odd effect of interactions in Bernal-stacked layers of different thickness that emerges from experiments, in terms of a generalization of the interaction-driven, symmetry-broken states proposed for bilayers. PMID:25732058
Odd-parity magnetoresistance in pyrochlore iridate thin films with broken time-reversal symmetry
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Fujita, Takahiro; Kozuka, Yusuke; Uchida, Masaki; Tsukazaki, Atsushi; Arima, Taka-Hisa; Kawasaki, Masashi; Department Of Applied Physics; Quantum-Phase Electronics Center Team; InstituteMaterials Research Team; Presto, Japan Science; Technology Agency (Jst) Team; Department Of Advanced Materials Science Team; Riken CenterEmergent Matter Science Team
2015-03-01
Weyl Semimetal phase has a three dimensional Dirac-like band structure, which has been recently predicted to be materialized in lanthanides iridate pyrochlore (Ln2Ir2O7), accompanied with all-in-all-out spin ordering. Nevertheless, obtaining high quality Ln2Ir2O7 single crystal has been extremely challenging even in bulk. Here, we report on fabrication and magnetotransport property of Eu2Ir2O7 single crystalline thin films. Our films show clear metal insulator transition at around 100 K. We reveal that one of the two degenerate all-in-all-out domain structures, which are interchangeable with time-reversal operation, can be selectively formed by the polarity of the cooling magnetic field. This domain is robustly sustained against sweep magnetic field of 9 T at 2 K, as evidenced by an unusual odd field dependent term in the magnetoresistance and an anomalous term in the Hall resistance. Our findings pave the way for exploring novel quantum transport predicted at their surfaces/interfaces or magnetic domain walls of the pyrochlore iridates.
Odd-parity magnetoresistance in pyrochlore iridate thin films with broken time-reversal symmetry.
Fujita, T C; Kozuka, Y; Uchida, M; Tsukazaki, A; Arima, T; Kawasaki, M
2015-01-01
A new class of materials termed topological insulators have been intensively investigated due to their unique Dirac surface state carrying dissipationless edge spin currents. Recently, it has been theoretically proposed that the three dimensional analogue of this type of band structure, the Weyl Semimetal phase, is materialized in pyrochlore oxides with strong spin-orbit coupling, accompanied by all-in-all-out spin ordering. Here, we report on the fabrication and magnetotransport of Eu2Ir2O7 single crystalline thin films. We reveal that one of the two degenerate all-in-all-out domain structures, which are connected by time-reversal operation, can be selectively formed by the polarity of the cooling magnetic field. Once formed, the domain is robust against an oppositely polarised magnetic field, as evidenced by an unusual odd field dependent term in the magnetoresistance and an anomalous term in the Hall resistance. Our findings pave the way for exploring the predicted novel quantum transport phenomenon at the surfaces/interfaces or magnetic domain walls of pyrochlore iridates. PMID:25959576
Collective band structures in the odd-proton nuclei /sup 135,137/Pm
Beausang, C.W.; Hildingsson, L.; Paul, E.S.; Piel W.F. Jr.; Weng, P.K.; Xu, N.; Fossan, D.B.
1987-08-01
Collective bands based on a low-K ..pi..h/sub 11/2/ orbital have been populated to high spins in the odd-proton nuclei /sup 135,137/Pm following the reactions /sup 116/Sn(/sup 24/Mg,p4n)/sup 135/Pm and /sup 114/Cd(/sup 27/Al,4n)/sup 137/Pm, respectively. Both nuclei exhibit a band crossing in the ..pi..h/sub 11/2/ band at a frequency of h-dash-bar..omega..--0.42 MeV. In /sup 135/Pm, an upbend is observed, while a weaker interaction backbend is observed in /sup 137/Pm. Cranked-shell model calculations, including triaxiality, imply that this crossing is due to the alignment of the second and third valence h/sub 11/2/ protons. The systematics of this alignment in the Pm isotopes will be discussed. In addition, positive parity three-quasiproton states were observed in both nuclei. These structures also contain a pair of aligned h/sub 11/2/ protons, in this case the first and second valence protons which align at a much lower frequency of h-dash-bar..omega..--0.28 MeV.
20 {mu}s isomeric state in doubly odd {sub 61}{sup 134}Pm
Cullen, D. M.; Mason, P. J. R; Rigby, S. V.; Kishada, A. M.; Varley, B. J.; Scholey, C.; Eeckhaudt, S.; Grahn, T.; Greenlees, P. T.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Leino, M.; Leppaenen, A.-P.; Maentyniemi, K.; Nieminen, P.; Nyman, M.; Pakarinen, J.
2009-08-15
Recoil-isomer tagging at the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyvaeskylae has been used to establish the isomeric nature of a known (7{sup -}) excited state in the doubly odd nucleus {sup 134}Pm. The isomeric state was determined to have a half-life of 20(1) {mu}s and was populated from the decay of a {pi}h{sub 11/2} x {nu}h{sub 11/2} band using the {sup 92}Mo({sup 54}Fe,2{alpha}3pn) reaction at 305 and 315 MeV. The isomer decays by a 71-keV transition that provides an intermediate step in linking the established {sup 134}Pm high-spin level scheme to the lower-spin states observed from the {beta} decay of {sup 134}Sm. Electron-conversion analysis for the 71-keV {gamma}-ray transition reveals that it is of E1 character and its small reduced-transition probability suggests that {sup 134}Pm may have a nuclear shape more rigid than that of the neighboring nuclei.
Odd-even staggerings on nuclear binding energy described by the covariant density functional theory
Long Jun Wang; Bao Yuan Sun; Jian Min Dong; Wen Hui Long
2013-02-23
The odd-even staggerings (OES) on nuclear binding energies are studied systematically within the covariant density functional (CDF) theories, specifically the relativistic Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov (RHFB) and the relativistic Hartree-Bogoliubov (RHB) theories. Taking the finite-range Gogny force D1S as an effective pairing interaction, both CDF models can provide appropriate descriptions on the OESs of nuclear binding energies for C, O, Ca, Ni, Zr, Sn, Ce, Gd and Pb isotopes as well as for N=50 and 82 isotones. However, due to the inconsistence between the non-relativistic pairing interaction and the relativistic effective Lagrangians, there exist some systematical discrepancies from the data, i.e., the underestimated OESs in light C and O isotopes and the overestimated ones in heavy region, respectively. Such discrepancies can be eliminated partially by introducing a $Z$- or $N$-dependent strength factor into the pairing force Gogny D1S. In addition, successful descriptions of the occupation numbers of Sn isotopes are achieved with the optimized Gogny pairing force. Furthermore, the analysis of the systematics of both pairing effects and nuclear binding energy indicate the requirement of an unified relativistic mechanism in both p-p and p-h channels to improve the quantitative precision of the theory.
NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)
Allen, Mark; Delitsky, Mona L.
1991-01-01
The ozone profile calculated using a 1D time-dependent photochemical model, with recommended absorption cross sections and reaction rate constants, is systematically less than Spacelab 3 (May 1985) atmospheric trace molecule spectroscopy (ATMOS) observations at sunset, 30 deg N latitude, throughout the upper stratosphere and mesosphere. Model results are about 9 percent smaller than the nominal ATMOS O3 value at 40 km and 50 percent less at 76 km. Given the uncertainties associated with the ATMOS profile, the model 'deficit' may be as large as 15 percent at 36 km, increasing to about 70 percent at 76 km. A similar model O3 deficit exists at sunrise, 47 deg S latitude, in the stratosphere: nominal differences of not more than 25 percent, increasing to not more than 45 percent when the ATMOS uncertainties are considered. Model results closely approximate ATMOS observations in both the upper stratosphere and mesosphere upon enhancing odd-oxygen production by increasing the O2 Schumann-Runge band and Herzberg-continuum cross section values used in the calculations.
Predictions on properties of ? decay and spontaneous fission in superheavy odd-Z nuclei
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Qian, Yibin; Ren, Zhongzhou
2014-12-01
We systematically investigate the competition between ? decay and spontaneous fission in the region of superheavy odd-Z nuclei up to Z = 121 . The heavier cluster emissions are somewhat of interest for these superheavy nuclei (SHN) as well. In detail, on the basis of the density-dependent cluster model, the deformed ? -core potential is obtained from the double-folding integral. The ? -decay half-lives of involved nuclei are then achieved within the improved two-potential approach. On the other hand, the spontaneous fission half-lives are given by the employed formula related to the fissility parameter and the fission barrier height. It is interesting that the decay characteristic of studied nuclei is discussed with varying of the Z and N numbers to some extent, including the tentative detection on the "island of stability." The present results can be expected to be useful in the future experiment particularly for the unknown elements 119 and 121, namely the identification of synthesized SHN.
Odd-parity magnetoresistance in pyrochlore iridate thin films with broken time-reversal symmetry
Fujita, T. C.; Kozuka, Y.; Uchida, M.; Tsukazaki, A.; Arima, T.; Kawasaki, M.
2015-01-01
A new class of materials termed topological insulators have been intensively investigated due to their unique Dirac surface state carrying dissipationless edge spin currents. Recently, it has been theoretically proposed that the three dimensional analogue of this type of band structure, the Weyl Semimetal phase, is materialized in pyrochlore oxides with strong spin-orbit coupling, accompanied by all-in-all-out spin ordering. Here, we report on the fabrication and magnetotransport of Eu2Ir2O7 single crystalline thin films. We reveal that one of the two degenerate all-in-all-out domain structures, which are connected by time-reversal operation, can be selectively formed by the polarity of the cooling magnetic field. Once formed, the domain is robust against an oppositely polarised magnetic field, as evidenced by an unusual odd field dependent term in the magnetoresistance and an anomalous term in the Hall resistance. Our findings pave the way for exploring the predicted novel quantum transport phenomenon at the surfaces/interfaces or magnetic domain walls of pyrochlore iridates. PMID:25959576
Cayron, Cyril; Den Hertog, Martien; Latu-Romain, Laurence; Mouchet, Céline; Secouard, Christopher; Rouviere, Jean-Luc; Rouviere, Emmanuelle; Simonato, Jean-Pierre
2009-01-01
Odd electron diffraction patterns (EDPs) have been obtained by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on silicon nanowires grown via the vapour–liquid–solid method and on silicon thin films deposited by electron beam evaporation. Many explanations have been given in the past, without consensus among the scientific community: size artifacts, twinning artifacts or, more widely accepted, the existence of new hexagonal Si phases. In order to resolve this issue, the microstructures of Si nanowires and Si thin films have been characterized by TEM, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. Despite the differences in the geometries and elaboration processes, the EDPs of the materials show great similarities. The different hypotheses reported in the literature have been investigated. It was found that the positions of the diffraction spots in the EDPs could be reproduced by simulating a hexagonal structure with c/a = 12(2/3)1/2, but the intensities in many EDPs remained unexplained. Finally, it was established that all the experimental data, i.e. EDPs and HRTEM images, agree with a classical cubic silicon structure containing two microstructural defects: (i) overlapping ?3 microtwins which induce extra spots by double diffraction, and (ii) nanotwins which induce extra spots as a result of streaking effects. It is concluded that there is no hexagonal phase in the Si nanowires and the Si thin films presented in this work. PMID:22477767
Beyond the Gym: Increasing Outside of School Physical Activity through Physical Education
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Palmer, Stephen; Bycura, Dierdra
2014-01-01
The purpose of physical education is to guide youngsters to become and remain physically active for life. Research on correlates and determinants of physical activity has shown the importance of developing intrinsic motivation in students so that they will choose to be physically active in their leisure time. When the physical education curriculum…
A Stand-Alone Interactive Physics Showcase
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Pfaff, Daniel; Hagelgans, Anja; Weidemuller, Matthias; Bretzer, Klaus
2012-01-01
We present a showcase with interactive exhibits of basic physical experiments that constitutes a complementary method for teaching physics and interesting students in physical phenomena. Our interactive physics showcase, shown in Fig. 1, stimulates interest for science by letting the students experience, firsthand, surprising phenomena and…
Transtibial ACL Femoral Tunnel Preparation Increases Odds of Repeat Ipsilateral Knee Surgery
Duffee, Andrew; Magnussen, Robert A.; Pedroza, Angela D.; Flanigan, David C.; Kaeding, Christopher C.
2013-01-01
Update This article was updated on January 13, 2015, because one of the members of the MOON Group (Warren R. Dunn, MD, MPH) was not listed in the footnote. The footnote now reads: “*MOON contributing authors: Kurt P. Spindler, MD, and Laura J. Huston, MS (Vanderbilt University School of Medicine); Rick W. Wright, MD, Matthew J. Matava, MD, and Robert H. Brophy, MD (Washington University School of Medicine at Barnes-Jewish Hospital); Eric C. McCarty, MD (University of Colorado School of Medicine); Robert G. Marx, MD, MSc (Hospital for Special Surgery); Richard D. Parker, MD, Jack T. Andrish, MD, and Morgan H. Jones, MD, MPH (Cleveland Clinic); Annunziato Amendola, MD, and Brian R. Wolf, MD, MS (University of Iowa); James L. Carey, MD, MPH (University of Pennsylvania); and Warren R. Dunn, MD, MPH (University of Wisconsin).” An erratum has been published: J Bone Joint Surg Am 2015; 97(4); e21. Background: Recent efforts to improve the results of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have focused on placing the femoral tunnel anatomically. Medial portal femoral tunnel techniques facilitate drilling of femoral tunnels that are more anatomic than those made with transtibial techniques. Few studies have compared the clinical outcomes of these two femoral tunnel techniques. We hypothesized that the transtibial technique is associated with decreased Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Scores (KOOS) and an increased risk of repeat surgery in the ipsilateral knee when compared with the anteromedial portal technique. Methods: Four hundred and thirty-six patients who had undergone primary isolated autograft ACL reconstruction with a transtibial (229 patients) or anteromedial portal (207 patients) technique in 2002 or 2003 were identified in a prospective multicenter cohort. A multiple linear regression model was used to determine whether surgical technique (transtibial or anteromedial portal) was a significant predictor of KOOS at six years postoperatively, after controlling for preoperative KOOS, patient age, sex, activity level, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, graft type, and the presence of meniscal and chondral pathology at the time of reconstruction. A multiple logistic regression model was used to determine whether surgical technique was a significant predictor of repeat ipsilateral knee surgery, after controlling for patient age and activity level, graft type, and meniscal pathology at the time of reconstruction. Results: Postoperative KOOS were available for 387 patients (88.8%). Femoral tunnel drilling technique was not a predictor of the KOOS Quality of Life subscore (p = 0.72) or KOOS Function, Sports and Recreational Activities subscore (p = 0.36) at the six-year follow-up evaluation. Data regarding the prevalence of repeat surgery were available for 380 patients. Femoral tunnel technique was a significant predictor of subsequent ipsilateral knee surgery (odds ratio [OR] = 2.49, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.30 to 4.78, p = 0.006). Conclusions: Patients who underwent ACL reconstruction with a transtibial technique had significantly higher odds of undergoing repeat ipsilateral knee surgery relative to those who underwent reconstruction with an anteromedial portal technique. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. PMID:24257662
The Evolution of Bony Vertebrate Enhancers at Odds with Their Coding Sequence Landscape.
Yousaf, Aisha; Sohail Raza, Muhammad; Ali Abbasi, Amir
2015-08-01
Enhancers lie at the heart of transcriptional and developmental gene regulation. Therefore, changes in enhancer sequences usually disrupt the target gene expression and result in disease phenotypes. Despite the well-established role of enhancers in development and disease, evolutionary sequence studies are lacking. The current study attempts to unravel the puzzle of bony vertebrates' conserved noncoding elements (CNE) enhancer evolution. Bayesian phylogenetics of enhancer sequences spotlights promising interordinal relationships among placental mammals, proposing a closer relationship between humans and laurasiatherians while placing rodents at the basal position. Clock-based estimates of enhancer evolution provided a dynamic picture of interspecific rate changes across the bony vertebrate lineage. Moreover, coelacanth in the study augmented our appreciation of the vertebrate cis-regulatory evolution during water-land transition. Intriguingly, we observed a pronounced upsurge in enhancer evolution in land-dwelling vertebrates. These novel findings triggered us to further investigate the evolutionary trend of coding as well as CNE nonenhancer repertoires, to highlight the relative evolutionary dynamics of diverse genomic landscapes. Surprisingly, the evolutionary rates of enhancer sequences were clearly at odds with those of the coding and the CNE nonenhancer sequences during vertebrate adaptation to land, with land vertebrates exhibiting significantly reduced rates of coding sequence evolution in comparison to their fast evolving regulatory landscape. The observed variation in tetrapod cis-regulatory elements caused the fine-tuning of associated gene regulatory networks. Therefore, the increased evolutionary rate of tetrapods' enhancer sequences might be responsible for the variation in developmental regulatory circuits during the process of vertebrate adaptation to land. PMID:26253316
Against all odds: genocidal trauma is associated with longer life-expectancy of the survivors.
Sagi-Schwartz, Abraham; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; Linn, Shai; van Ijzendoorn, Marinus H
2013-01-01
Does surviving genocidal experiences, like the Holocaust, lead to shorter life-expectancy? Such an effect is conceivable given that most survivors not only suffered psychosocial trauma but also malnutrition, restriction in hygienic and sanitary facilities, and lack of preventive medical and health services, with potentially damaging effects for later health and life-expectancy. We explored whether genocidal survivors have a higher risk to die younger than comparisons without such background. This is the first population-based retrospective cohort study of the Holocaust, based on the entire population of immigrants from Poland to Israel (N?=?55,220), 4-20 years old when the World War II started (1939), immigrating to Israel either between 1945 and 1950 (Holocaust group) or before 1939 (comparison group; not exposed to the Holocaust). Hazard of death - a long-term outcome of surviving genocidal trauma - was derived from the population-wide official data base of the National Insurance Institute of Israel. Cox regression yielded a significant hazard ratio (HR?=?0.935, CI (95%)?=?0.910-0.960), suggesting that the risk of death was reduced by 6.5 months for Holocaust survivors compared to non-Holocaust comparisons. The lower hazard was most substantial in males who were aged 10-15 (HR?=?0.900, CI (95%)?=?0.842-0.962, i.e., reduced by 10 months) or 16-20 years at the onset of the Holocaust (HR?=?0.820, CI (95%)?=?0.782-0.859, i.e., reduced by18 months). We found that against all odds genocidal survivors were likely to live longer. We suggest two explanations: Differential mortality during the Holocaust and "Posttraumatic Growth" associated with protective factors in Holocaust survivors or in their environment after World War II. PMID:23894427
On power and sample size for studying features of the relative odds of disease.
Lubin, J H; Gail, M H
1990-03-01
Estimates of sample size and statistical power are essential ingredients in the design of epidemiologic studies. Once an association between disease and exposure has been demonstrated, additional studies are often needed to investigate special features of the relation between exposure, other covariates, and risk of disease. The authors present a general formulation to compute sample size and power for case-control and cohort studies to investigate more complex patterns in the odds ratios, such as to distinguish between two different slopes of linear trend, to distinguish between two possible dose-response relations, or to distinguish different models for the joint effects of two important exposures or of one exposure factor adjusting for another. Such special studies of exposure-response relations may help investigators to distinguish between plausible biologic models and may lead to more realistic models for calculating attributable risk and lifetime disease risk. The sample size formulae are applied to studies of indoor radon exposure and lung cancer and suggest that epidemiologic studies may not be feasible for addressing some issues. For example, if the risk estimates from underground miners' studies are, in truth, not applicable to home exposures and overestimate the gradient of risk from home exposure to radon by, for example, a factor of 2, then enormously large numbers of subjects would be required to detect the difference. Furthermore, if the true interaction between smoking and radon exposure is less than multiplicative, only the largest investigations will have sufficient power to reject additivity. For the simple case of testing for no exposure effect, when exposure is either dichotomous or continuous, these methods yield well-known formulae. PMID:2301364
The Evolution of Bony Vertebrate Enhancers at Odds with Their Coding Sequence Landscape
Yousaf, Aisha; Sohail Raza, Muhammad; Ali Abbasi, Amir
2015-01-01
Enhancers lie at the heart of transcriptional and developmental gene regulation. Therefore, changes in enhancer sequences usually disrupt the target gene expression and result in disease phenotypes. Despite the well-established role of enhancers in development and disease, evolutionary sequence studies are lacking. The current study attempts to unravel the puzzle of bony vertebrates’ conserved noncoding elements (CNE) enhancer evolution. Bayesian phylogenetics of enhancer sequences spotlights promising interordinal relationships among placental mammals, proposing a closer relationship between humans and laurasiatherians while placing rodents at the basal position. Clock-based estimates of enhancer evolution provided a dynamic picture of interspecific rate changes across the bony vertebrate lineage. Moreover, coelacanth in the study augmented our appreciation of the vertebrate cis-regulatory evolution during water–land transition. Intriguingly, we observed a pronounced upsurge in enhancer evolution in land-dwelling vertebrates. These novel findings triggered us to further investigate the evolutionary trend of coding as well as CNE nonenhancer repertoires, to highlight the relative evolutionary dynamics of diverse genomic landscapes. Surprisingly, the evolutionary rates of enhancer sequences were clearly at odds with those of the coding and the CNE nonenhancer sequences during vertebrate adaptation to land, with land vertebrates exhibiting significantly reduced rates of coding sequence evolution in comparison to their fast evolving regulatory landscape. The observed variation in tetrapod cis-regulatory elements caused the fine-tuning of associated gene regulatory networks. Therefore, the increased evolutionary rate of tetrapods’ enhancer sequences might be responsible for the variation in developmental regulatory circuits during the process of vertebrate adaptation to land. PMID:26253316
Alonso, C. E.; Arias, J. M.; Fortunato, L.; Vitturi, A.
2009-01-15
We investigate the phase transition in odd nuclei within the Interacting Boson Fermion Model in correspondence with the transition from spherical to stable axially deformed shape. The odd particle is assumed to be moving in the single-particle orbitals with angular momenta j=1/2,3/2,5/2 with a boson-fermion Hamiltonian that leads to the occurrence of the SU{sup BF}(3) boson-fermion symmetry when the boson part approaches the SU(3) condition. Both energy spectra and electromagnetic transitions show characteristic patterns similar to those displayed by the even nuclei at the corresponding critical point. The role of the additional particle in characterizing the properties of the critical points in finite quantal systems is investigated by resorting to the formalism based on the intrinsic frame.
Fomushkin, Eduard F.; Abramovich, Sergei N.; Andreev, Mikhail F.
1998-10-26
In VNIIEF there were measured cross-sections of {sup 232}Pa and {sup 238}Np fission caused by thermal neutrons. The obtained data do not agree with the results of measurements carried out in Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA). Possible reasons of the result divergence are discussed. There are considered the measurement prospects for fission and radiation capture cross-sections of thermal neutrons by the nuclei of {sup 232}Pa, {sup 238}Np and {sup 242g}Am, including the measurements performed with the aid of ILL (Grenoble, France) reactor and some devices for neutron researches.
Sheikh, J A; Sun, Y; Palit, R
2010-01-01
Inspired by the recent experimental data (Phys. Lett. B {\\bf 675} (2009) 420), we extend the triaxial projected shell model approach to study the $\\gamma$-band structure in odd-mass nuclei. As a first application of the new development, the $\\gamma$-vibrational structure of $^{103}$Nb is investigated. It is demonstrated that the model describes the ground-state band and multi-phonon $\\gamma$-vibrations quite satisfactorily, supporting the interpretation of the data as one of the few experimentally-known examples of simultaneous occurrence of one- and two-$\\gamma$-phonon vibrational bands. This generalizes the well-known concept of the surface $\\gamma$-oscillation in deformed nuclei built on the ground-state in even-even systems to $\\gamma$-bands based on quasiparticle configurations in odd-mass systems.
First excited states in doubly-odd {sup 110}Sb: Smooth band termination in the A {approx} 110 region
Lane, G.J.; Fossan, D.B.; Thorslund, I.
1996-11-01
Excited states have been identified for the first time in {sup 110}Sb in a comprehensive series of {gamma}-spectroscopy experiments, including recoil-mass and neutron-field measurements. Three high-spin decoupled bands with configurations based on 2p-2h excitations across the Z = 50 shell gap, are observed to show the features of smooth band termination, the first such observation in an odd-odd nucleus. The yrast intruder band has been connected to the low spin levels and is tentatively identified up to its predicred termination at I{sup {pi}} = (45{sup +}). Detailed configuration assignments are made through comparison with configuration-dependent cranked Nilsson-Strutinsky calculations; excellent agreement with experiment is obtained. The systematic occurrence of smoothly terminating bands in the neighboring isotopes is discussed.
@Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major.
Yoo, S. J. Ben
@Why Physics Comprehensive Physics Major. From the basic laws of physics to the resulting emergent behavior, physics studies what the universe is made of and how it works. As a Physics major that surrounds us, to the structure and evolution of the entire universe. We offer three degrees in Physics
In silico Design of Supramolecules from Their Precursors: Odd–Even Effects in Cage-Forming Reactions
2013-01-01
We synthesize a series of imine cage molecules where increasing the chain length of the alkanediamine precursor results in an odd–even alternation between [2 + 3] and [4 + 6] cage macrocycles. A computational procedure is developed to predict the thermodynamically preferred product and the lowest energy conformer, hence rationalizing the observed alternation and the 3D cage structures, based on knowledge of the precursors alone. PMID:23745577
Sharipov, Sh.; Ermamatov, M. J.
2009-01-15
The previously developed rotationally single-particle and vibrational model of the triaxial deformable odd nuclei is extended to the case where the total angular momentum of an external nucleon is not conserved. The calculated ratios of the excitation energies of the {sup 157,159}Tb nuclei are compared with the existing experimental data. The ratios of E2-transition probabilities and those of quadrupole moments of the above nuclei are calculated using parameters determined from the spectra of these nuclei.
Hunting a light CP-odd non-standard Higgs boson through its tauonic decay at a (Super) B factory
Esteban Fullana; Miguel-Angel Sanchis-Lozano
2007-05-15
Several scenarios beyond the minimal extension of the Standard Model still allow light non-standard Higgs bosons evading LEP bounds. We examine the mixing between a light CP-odd Higgs boson and $\\eta_b$ states and its implications on a slight (but observable) lepton universality breaking in Upsilon decays which could be measured at the percent level at a (Super) B factory.
S. Salimi
2008-08-05
The method of the quantum probability theory only requires simple structural data of graph and allows us to avoid a heavy combinational argument often necessary to obtain full description of spectrum of the adjacency matrix. In the present paper, by using the idea of calculation of the probability amplitudes for continuous-time quantum walk in terms of the quantum probability theory, we investigate quantum central limit theorem for continuous-time quantum walks on odd graphs.
Gagarskii, A. M.; Guseva, I. S.; Goennenwein, F.; Kopach, Yu. N.; Mutterer, M.; Kuz'mina, T. E.; Petrov, G. A.; Tyurin, G.; Nesvizhevsky, V.
2011-12-15
The new physical effects of T-odd asymmetry of the emission of light charged particles (LCPs) during the ternary fission of some heavy nuclei by cold polarized neutrons have been experimentally studied. The coefficients of triple scalar and vector correlation of the pulses of light particles and fission fragments (TRI effect) and the fivefold correlation of the same vectors (ROT effect) have been measured. These effects are believed to be caused by the rotation of polarized fissioning system around its polarization direction. The treatment of the experimental data for LCPs in the framework of this hypothesis leads to a good agreement between the calculation results and experimental data. The calculated value of the angle of rotation of the fission axis in the ternary fission of the polarized fissioning {sup 236}U* compound nucleus was used to process the results of measuring the ROT effect for {gamma} photons from binary-fission fragments of the same nucleus. A satisfactory description of these experimental data is obtained which serves a convincing confirmation of the rotation hypothesis.
Jung, Rex E.; Wertz, Christopher J.; Meadows, Christine A.; Ryman, Sephira G.; Vakhtin, Andrei A.; Flores, Ranee A.
2015-01-01
The creativity research community is in search of a viable cognitive measure providing support for behavioral observations that higher ideational output is often associated with higher creativity (known as the equal-odds rule). One such measure has included divergent thinking: the production of many examples or uses for a common or single object or image. We sought to test the equal-odds rule using a measure of divergent thinking, and applied the consensual assessment technique to determine creative responses as opposed to merely original responses. We also sought to determine structural brain correlates of both ideational fluency and ideational creativity. Two-hundred forty-six subjects were subjected to a broad battery of behavioral measures, including a core measure of divergent thinking (Foresight), and measures of intelligence, creative achievement, and personality (i.e., Openness to Experience). Cortical thickness and subcortical volumes (e.g., thalamus) were measured using automated techniques (FreeSurfer). We found that higher number of responses on the divergent thinking task was significantly associated with higher creativity (r = 0.73) as independently assessed by three judges. Moreover, we found that creativity was predicted by cortical thickness in regions including the left frontal pole and left parahippocampal gyrus. These results support the equal-odds rule, and provide neuronal evidence implicating brain regions involved with “thinking about the future” and “extracting future prospects.” PMID:26161075
Associations of physical activity and sitting time with the metabolic syndrome among Omani adults.
Mabry, Ruth M; Winkler, Elisabeth A H; Reeves, Marina M; Eakin, Elizabeth G; Owen, Neville
2012-11-01
Most findings on associations of physical activity and sedentary behavior with the metabolic syndrome are from developed countries; thus, we examined these relationships in adults from Sur, Oman. The Sur Healthy Lifestyle Survey (n = 1,335) used the World Health Organization (WHO) Stepwise methodology to assess chronic disease risk factors. Odds ratios for the metabolic syndrome were estimated using logistic regression models for domains of physical activity (work, transport, and leisure) and sitting time, and adjusted for confounding variables. Compared to their counterparts doing the least physical activity, lower odds of the metabolic syndrome were observed among those with higher work activity (0.60; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.45, 0.80) and transport activity (0.69; 95% CI: 0.47, 1.00), but not leisure activity (0.91; 95% CI: 0.64, 1.32). Odds of the metabolic syndrome were higher in those who sat for ? 6 h daily compared to <3 h daily (odds ratio = 1.60, 95% CI: 1.04, 2.44), but not after further adjustment for physical activity. This is the first evidence from the Arabian Gulf on associations of physical activity and sitting time with the metabolic syndrome and provides empirical evidence to inform national physical activity guidelines, policies and programs. PMID:22314621
LIFETIME PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PELVIC ORGAN PROLAPSE IN MIDDLE-AGED WOMEN
NYGAARD, Ingrid E.; SHAW, Janet M.; BARDSLEY, Tyler; EGGER, Marlene J.
2014-01-01
OBJECTIVE To determine, in a case-control study, whether pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is associated with overall lifetime physical activity (combined leisure, outdoor, household, occupational), and lifetime leisure, lifetime strenuous, and teen years strenuous activity. STUDY DESIGN 191 POP cases (defined as maximal vaginal descent ?1 cm below the hymen) and 191 age and recruitment-site matched controls (defined as maximal vaginal descent ?1 cm above the hymen) between 39–65 years with no or mild urinary incontinence, were recruited chiefly from primary care clinics. Participants completed Lifetime Physical Activity (LPAQ) and Occupation (OQ) Questionnaires, recalling activities during 4 age epochs. We performed separate logistic regression models for physical activity measures. RESULTS Compared to controls, POP cases had greater BMI and parity. Median overall lifetime activity, expressed in MET-hours/week, did not differ significantly between cases and controls. In adjusted analyses, we observed no associations between odds of POP and overall lifetime physical activity, lifetime leisure activity, or lifetime strenuous activity. There was a marginally significant nonlinear relationship between teen strenuous activity and POP with an increase in the log-odds of POP for women reporting ? 21 hours/week of strenuous activity (p=0.046). CONCLUSION Lifetime physical activity does not increase the odds of anatomic POP in middle-aged women not seeking care for POP. Strenuous activity during teenage years may confer higher odds of POP. This relationship and the potential role of physical activity and POP incidence should be evaluated prospectively. PMID:24486225
The Prognostic Ability of Log Odds of Positive Lymph Nodes in Oral Cavity Squamous Cell Carcinoma
Lee, Ching-Chih; Ho, Hsu-Chueh; Su, Yu-Chieh; Lee, Moon-Sing; Hung, Shih-Kai; Chen, Yen-Lin
2015-01-01
Abstract Recently, log odds of positive lymph nodes (LODDS) was proven a better prediction of outcomes than other methods in gastric cancer, pancreatic cancer, and colon cancer. However, the validity is not yet tested in oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). We conducted a retrospective study to compare the predictive ability of LODDS, traditional pN classification and lymph node ratio (rN) in OSCC patients. In total, 347 OSCC patients receiving surgery with or without adjuvant therapy at the time of diagnosis between 2004 and 2013 were identified from the cancer registry database of the Dalin Tzu Chi Hospital. Cox proportional hazards models were used to compare the disease-specific survival (DSS) rates for pN, rN, and LODDS after adjusting for possible confounding risk factors. The discriminatory ability of different classification systems was evaluated using the adjusted hazard ratio and Akaike information criterion (AIC) by multivariate regression model. The prediction accuracy of the model was assessed by Harrell's c-statistic. The 347 OSCC patients had a mean age of 57 years old. Among them, 322 patients (92.8%) were male and 189 patients (54.5%) were in stages III to IV. LODDS showed better discriminatory ability for patients with <5 pathological cervical metastatic nodes and those with rN?
Odd-Z Transactinide Compound Nucleus Reactions Including the Discovery of 260Bh
Nelson, Sarah L; Nelson, Sarah L
2008-05-14
Several reactions producing odd-Z transactinide compound nuclei were studiedwith the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator at the LawrenceBerkeley National Laboratory. The goal was to produce the same compound nucleus ator near the same excitation energy with similar values of angular momentum via differentnuclear reactions. In doing so, it can be determined if there is a preference in entrancechannel, because under these experimental conditions the survival portion of Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" model is nearly identical forthe two reactions. Additionally, because the same compound nucleus is produced, theexit channel is the same. Four compound nuclei were examined in this study: 258Db, 262Bh, 266Mt, and 272Rg. These nuclei were produced by using very similar heavy-ion induced-fusion reactions which differ only by one proton in the projectile or target nucleus (e.g.: 50Ti + 209Bi vs. 51V + 208Pb). Peak 1n exit channel cross sections were determined for each reaction in each pair, and three of the four pairs' cross sections were identical within statistical uncertainties. This indicates there is not an obvious preference of entrancechannel in these paired reactions. Charge equilibration immediately prior to fusionleading to a decreased fusion barrier is the likely cause of this phenomenon. In addition to this systematic study, the lightest isotope of element 107, bohrium, was discovered in the 209Bi(52Cr,n) reaction. 260Bh was found to decay by emission of a 10.16 MeV alpha particle with a half-life of 35 ms. The cross section is 59 pb at an excitation energy of 15.0 MeV. The effect of the N = 152 shell is also seen in this isotope's alpha particle energy, the first evidence of such an effect in Bh. All reactions studied are also compared to model predictions by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilcznska, and Wilczynski's"Fusion By Diffusion" theory.
EDITORIAL: Physics competitions Physics competitions
NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Jordens, H.; Mathelitsch, L.
2009-11-01
1. Physics competitions: aims and realizations One aim of physics competitions is to increase the interest of young students, primarily at upper secondary level, to physics and natural sciences in general. A competition has motivational aspects known usually from sports events or games—comparing one's own ability with others, of course with the desire to be better and to win. If competitions reach nationwide and even international levels, additional stimulation is created. Competitions provide greatest attraction to possible winners, to the group of gifted people in a particular field. This implies that science contests are excellent tools for the promotion of talented students. Traditional teaching has been shown to have problems in supporting this group of students. Very often teachers are overstretched with the demands of teaching both low- and high-level students. Extracurricular activities are therefore a good chance to relieve the teacher, and to give talented students the opportunity for appropriate training and challenge. The competitions, however, have a broader impact and address more young people than one might guess from the statements above. Training courses and selection at school level give a larger group of students extra and, to some extent, complimentary education in physics. The degree of complexity of the tasks corresponds very often to the standards of the next level of education in the school system. Interestingly, many physics competitions have their origin in countries beyond the former Iron Curtain. They started as regional and national tournaments, were joined by neighbouring countries and have grown, in some cases, to events with participants from more than 80 countries. Although the features mentioned above are common to the different competitions, there are distinct differences between them [1]. The International Physics Olympiad (IPhO) is the oldest international physics competition for students at upper secondary level [2]. It dates back to 1967, when the first Olympiad was organized in Warsaw, Poland. Today this Olympiad is a worldwide enterprise, and in the 2008 competition in Hanoi, Vietnam, students from 82 countries took part. An overview of the problems and a summary of the results of this Olympiad are given in the first paper, prepared by the organizers of the competition [3]. The students work on four or five different problems, three theoretical ones on one day, and one or two experimental tasks on another. On each day, they have five hours to accomplish their tasks. The problems are prepared by the local organizer, usually a team of physicists from universities in the home country. The level is set by an international syllabus, and the content and wording of the problems have to be agreed by a majority of the supervisors (one from each participating country) in an initial meeting. Afterwards the tasks are translated into the various languages of the competitors; the students also write their results in their own language. The number of awards (gold, silver and bronze, as well as honorable mentions) varies from competition to competition, since it depends on the number of participants. A team consists of at most five students, but they do not act as a team—they work independantly. The selection process in individual countries varies, but is usually executed in several steps, starting from school competitions and going on to regional and national ones. Training courses are often organized on the same levels. Big differences can be seen in training courses at the highest level, the duration ranging from one week to several months. The International Young Physicists Tournament (IYPT) is completely different in spirit [4]. Whereas the students work individually in the Olympiad, IYPT is a competition between teams. In addition, the 17 tasks are known almost a year in advance. The problems are very open, allow for different approaches and include experimental as well as theoretical work. The students are allowed to use any method they like, are coached by teachers, and are encouraged
Against All Odds: The Achievements of Community-Based Development Organizations.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
National Congress for Community Economic Development, Washington, DC.
Community-based development organizations (CBDOs) appear to be a major force for the economic and physical rejuvenation of distressed, low-income communities. A CBDO is a private nonprofit group that serves a low-income community or constituency, is governed by a community-based board, and is an ongoing producer, with at least one completed…
Against All Odds: Positive Life Experiences of People with Advanced Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Young, Jenny M.; McNicoll, Paule
1998-01-01
Describes the nature of positive life experiences of 13 people coping exceptionally well while living with advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's, disease and the resulting significant physical disabilities. Emerging themes were the use of cognitive reappraisal, reframing, and intellectual stimulation as coping mechanisms;…
Reversing the Odds: Improving Outcomes for Babies in the Child Welfare System
ERIC Educational Resources Information Center
Dicker, Sheryl
2009-01-01
Babies and young children in the child welfare system have a high prevalence for physical, cognitive, and social-emotional delays--and often don't have access to the services and supports that could make all the difference. This is the book that will help professionals go beyond abuse prevention and ensure comprehensive healthy development of…