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1

A classification of spin frustration in molecular magnets from a physical study of large odd-numbered-metal, odd electron rings.  

PubMed

The term "frustration" in the context of magnetism was originally used by P. W. Anderson and quickly adopted for application to the description of spin glasses and later to very special lattice types, such as the kagomé. The original use of the term was to describe systems with competing antiferromagnetic interactions and is important in current condensed matter physics in areas such as the description of emergent magnetic monopoles in spin ice. Within molecular magnetism, at least two very different definitions of frustration are used. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of unusual nine-metal rings, using magnetic measurements and inelastic neutron scattering, supported by density functional theory calculations. These compounds show different electronic/magnetic structures caused by frustration, and the findings lead us to propose a classification for frustration within molecular magnets that encompasses and clarifies all previous definitions. PMID:23132941

Baker, Michael L; Timco, Grigore A; Piligkos, Stergios; Mathieson, Jennifer S; Mutka, Hannu; Tuna, Floriana; Kozlowski, Piotr; Antkowiak, Michal; Guidi, Tatiana; Gupta, Tulika; Rath, Harapriya; Woolfson, Robert J; Kamieniarz, Grzegorz; Pritchard, Robin G; Weihe, Høgni; Cronin, Leroy; Rajaraman, Gopalan; Collison, David; McInnes, Eric J L; Winpenny, Richard E P

2012-11-20

2

What is so odd about odds?  

PubMed Central

In clinical studies, the relative likelihood of an event occurring between 2 groups is often expressed as the risk ratio (RR) or the odds ratio (OR). The RR is an intuitive parameter that is relatively easy to interpret. Quantitative interpretation of an OR is much more difficult and is often incorrectly equated to that of an RR. The problem is that OR may differ substantially from RR, especially when the outcome of interest is common in the study population. This article explains and clarifies controversial issues surrounding the use and interpretation of the OR. Theoretical concepts relating to ORs are illustrated by examples from the surgical literature. By reviewing articles from 5 surgical journals over a 5-year period, we show that the OR is often presented and misinterpreted as equivalent to the RR. When the discrepancy is large, using OR uncritically as an estimate of RR will strongly bias inferences about treatment effect or cause of disease by amplifying the apparent strength of an association between an exposure and an outcome.

Montreuil, Bernard; Bendavid, Yves; Brophy, James

2005-01-01

3

Odd or Even?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Students can use this interactive Flash applet to practice identifying odd and even numbers. The applet displays a Venn diagram with two loops and a set of number tiles. Users sort the numbers into the correct loops with regard to parity and then check their work. Users can choose to sort numbers in three ranges: 1 to 10, 1 to 30, or 1-100.

Bunker, Dan

2010-01-01

4

Experimental and theoretical studies of odd-odd deformed nuclei  

Microsoft Academic Search

The application of a simple semi-empirical model is discussed in terms of interpreting experimental nuclear structure data for twelve of the best characterized odd-odd deformed nuclei. An essential part of this modeling is to calculate values for the Gallagher-Moszkowski splitting and Newby shifts, the observables that arise from the n-p residual interaction in odd-odd nuclei. Assumptions regarding the form for

Hoff

1989-01-01

5

Odd Tic Tac  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This variation of Tic Tac Toe develops students' strategic thinking. Two players, one using 1s and the other using 0s, take turns entering their numbers into the cells of a 3 by 3 grid. The winner is the first to complete three in a row with an odd sum. The game can be played on paper with a friend or against the computer with the interactive applet. The interactive version allows a user to choose which number to play with and whether to go first or second, providing an opportunity to refine strategy by reflecting on how these choices affect the outcome.

2000-03-01

6

Against the Odds Exhibition Opens  

MedlinePLUS

... Issue Past Issues Special Section Against the Odds Exhibition Opens Past Issues / Spring 2008 Table of Contents / ... April 17, Dr. Donald Lindberg officially opened the exhibition, "Against the Odds: Making a Difference in Global ...

7

Extremal Myers-Perry Black Holes Coupled to Born-Infeld Electrodynamics in Odd Dimensions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of perturbative extremal rotating black hole solutions with Born-Infeld electric charge in odd D dimensional spacetime. The seed solution is an odd-dimensional extremal Myers-Perry black hole with equal angular momenta to which a perturbative, nonlinear, electric Born-Infeld field charge q is added maintaining the extremality condition. The perturbations are performed up to third-order. We also study some physical properties of these black holes. In particular, it is shown that the values of the gyromagnetic ratio of the black holes are modified by the perturbative parameter q and the Born-Infeld parameter ?.

Allaverdizadeh, Masoud; Hendi, Seyed H.; Lemos, José P. S.; Sheykhi, Ahmad

2014-04-01

8

Is the Universe odd?  

SciTech Connect

We investigate the point-parity and mirror-parity handedness of the large angle anisotropy in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). In particular we consider whether the observed low CMB quadrupole could more generally signal odd point-parity, i.e., suppression of even multipoles. Even though this feature is 'visually' present in most renditions of the WMAP dataset we find that it never supports parity preference beyond the meagre 95% confidence level. This is fortunate as point-parity handedness implies almost certainly a high level of galactic contamination. Mirror reflection parity, on the contrary, is related to the emergence of a preferred axis, defining the symmetry plane. We use this technique to make contact with recent claims for an anisotropic Universe, showing that the detected preferred axis is associated with positive (even) mirror parity. This feature may be an important clue in identifying the culprit for this unexpected signal.

Land, Kate [Theoretical Physics Group, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom); Magueijo, Joao [Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, 31 Caroline St. N., Waterloo, N2L 2Y5 (Canada); Theoretical Physics Group, Imperial College, Prince Consort Road, London SW7 2BZ (United Kingdom)

2005-11-15

9

Time-odd mean fields in covariant density functional theory: Rotating systems  

SciTech Connect

Time-odd mean fields (nuclear magnetism) and their impact on physical observables in rotating nuclei are studied in the framework of covariant density functional theory (CDFT). It is shown that they have profound effect on the dynamic and kinematic moments of inertia. Particle number, configuration, and rotational frequency dependencies of their impact on the moments of inertia have been analyzed in a systematic way. Nuclear magnetism can also considerably modify the band crossing features such as crossing frequencies and the properties of the kinematic and dynamic moments of inertia in the band crossing region. The impact of time-odd mean fields on the moments of inertia in the regions away from band crossing only weakly depends on the relativistic mean-field parametrization, reflecting good localization of the properties of time-odd mean fields in CDFT. The moments of inertia of normal-deformed nuclei considerably deviate from the rigid-body value. On the contrary, superdeformed and hyperdeformed nuclei have the moments of inertia which are close to rigid-body value. The structure of the currents in rotating frame, their microscopic origin, and the relations to the moments of inertia have been systematically analyzed. The phenomenon of signature separation in odd-odd nuclei, induced by time-odd mean fields, has been analyzed in detail.

Afanasjev, A. V.; Abusara, H. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, Mississippi 39762 (United States)

2010-09-15

10

Flavor Dependence of T-odd PDFs  

SciTech Connect

The flavor dependence of the naive time reversal odd ("T-odd'') parton distributions for $u$- and $d$-quarks are explored in the spectator model. The flavor dependence of $h_{1}^{\\perp}$ is of significance for the analysis of the azimuthal $\\cos(2\\phi)$ asymmetries in unpolarized SIDIS and DY-processes, as well as for the overall physical understanding of the distribution of transversely polarized quarks in unpolarized nucleons. As a by-product of the formalism, we calculate the chiral-odd but ``T-even'' function $h_{1L}^{\\perp}$ which enables us to present a prediction for the single spin asymmetry $A_{UL}^{\\sin(2\\phi)}$ for a longitudinally polarized target in SIDIS.

Leonard P. Gamberg; Gary R. Goldstein; Marc Schlegel

2007-04-20

11

Good Odd Days.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Presents a collection of curious findings from one of the first textbooks studied, a 1958 edition of a fairly popular text. Concludes that the book presents a chance for teachers to enrich their physics classes. (CCM)

Korsunsky, Boris

2000-01-01

12

The Wigner caustic on shell and singularities of odd functions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the Wigner caustic on shell of a Lagrangian submanifold L of affine symplectic space. We present the physical motivation for studying singularities of the Wigner caustic on shell and present its mathematical definition in terms of a generating family. Because such a generating family is an odd deformation of an odd function, we study simple singularities in the category of odd functions and their odd versal deformations, applying these results to classify the singularities of the Wigner caustic on shell, interpreting these singularities in terms of the local geometry of L.

Domitrz, Wojciech; Manoel, Miriam; Rios, Pedro de M.

2013-09-01

13

High-spin states in odd-odd nuclei  

Microsoft Academic Search

High-spin states in doubly odd nuclei of 124Cs, 126Cs and 124La have been investigated by gamma ray spectroscopy. Rotational bands of pi h11\\/2 ? nuh11\\/2 configuration have been assigned by the blocking argument on the first band crossing frequencies for neighboring odd-A nuclei. In cesium isotopes, the signature inversion of quasiparticle routhians has been observed. The spin of the band

T. Komatsubara; K. Furuno; T. Hosoda; J. Mukai; T. Hayakawa; T. Morikawa; Y. Iwata; N. Kato; J. Espmo; J. Gascon; N. Gjørup; G. B. Hagemann; H. J. Jensen; D. Jerrestam; J. Nyberg; G. Sletten; B. Cederwall; P. O. Tjøm

1993-01-01

14

Simultaneous Description of Even-Even, Odd-Mass and Odd-Odd Nuclear Spectra  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The orthosymplectic extension of the Interacting Vector Boson Model (IVBM) is used for the simultaneous description of the spectra of different families of neighboring heavy nuclei. The structure of even-even nuclei is used as a core on which the collective excitations of the neighboring odd-mass and odd-odd nuclei are built on. Hence, the spectra of the odd-mass and odd-odd nuclei arise as a result of the consequent and self-consistent coupling of the fermion degrees of freedom of the odd particles, specified by the fermion sector SOF(2?)?OSp(2?/12, R), to the boson core which states belong to an SpB(12, R) irreducible representation. The theoretical predictions for different low-lying collective bands with positive and negative parity for two sets of neighboring nuclei with distinct collective properties are compared with experiment and IBM/IBFM/IBFFM predictions. The obtained results reveal the applicability of the used dynamical symmetry of the model.

Ganev, H. G.; Georgieva, A. I.

2010-01-01

15

Enhanced T-odd, P-odd electromagnetic moments in reflection asymmetric nuclei  

SciTech Connect

Collective P- and T-odd moments produced by parity and time invariance violating forces in reflection asymmetric nuclei are considered. The enhanced collective Schiff, electric dipole, and octupole moments appear due to the mixing of rotational levels of opposite parity. These moments can exceed single-particle moments by more than 2 orders of magnitude. The enhancement is due to the collective nature of the intrinsic moments and the small energy separation between members of parity doublets. In turn these nuclear moments induce enhanced T- and P-odd effects in atoms and molecules. A simple estimate is given and a detailed theoretical treatment of the collective T-, P-odd electric moments in reflection asymmetric, odd-mass nuclei is presented. In the present work we improve on the simple liquid drop model by evaluating the Strutinsky shell correction and include corrections due to pairing. Calculations are performed for octupole deformed long-lived odd-mass isotopes of Rn, Fr, Ra, Ac, and Pa and the corresponding atoms. Experiments with such atoms may improve substantially the limits on time reversal violation. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

Spevak, V.; Auerbach, N. [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Flambaum, V.V. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, NSW (Australia)] [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, 2052, NSW (Australia)

1997-09-01

16

Shape Coexistence In Odd And Odd-Odd Nuclei In The A~100 Region  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the even-even nuclei around A=100 a transition from spherical to deformed shapes occurs from N =58 to N=60. The isotones with N=59 are of special interest, because they are just at the border between the two regions. Very recently, we have studied odd-neutrons and odd-odd nuclei with N=59, by means of prompt ?-ray spectroscopy of the spontaneous fission of 248Cm, using the EUROGAM 2 multi-detector, and by measurements of ?s isomers produced by fission of 239,241Pu with thermal neutrons at ILL (Grenoble). In the latter case, the detection is based on time correlation measurements between fission fragments detected by the LOHENGRIN mass spectrometer and ?-rays or conversion electrons from the isomer decay. It was found that three shapes coexist in the odd 97Sr and 99Zr and two shapes coexist in the odd-odd 96Rb. A simple explanation of the shape-coexistence mechanism is proposed. It is based upon the Nilsson diagram and stresses the fundamental importance of the unique parity states.

Pinston, J. A.; Genevey, J.; Simpson, G.; Urban, W.

2005-11-01

17

Fermion zero modes in odd dimensions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the zero modes of the Abelian Dirac operator in any odd dimension. We use the stereographic projection between a (2n - 1)-dimensional space and a (2n - 1) sphere embedded in a 2n-dimensional space. It is shown that the Dirac operator with a gauge field of uniform field strengths in S2n - 1 has symmetries of SU(n) × U(1) which is a subgroup of SO(2n). Using the group representation theory, we obtain the number of fermion zero modes, as well as their explicit forms, in a simple way.

Min, Hyunsoo

2010-03-01

18

BOOK REVIEW: The Odd Quantum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The Odd Quantum is aiming to be odd. Falling between being a quantum mechanics textbook and a `popular' science book, it aims to convey something of the substance of quantum mechanics without being overly technical or professional. It does not shy away from the mathematics of the subject or resort solely to analogy and metaphor, as so often is the case. Books aimed at the lay reader tend to take on a particular aspect of quantum mechanics, for example, wave-particle duality, and can do little more than hint at the complexity of the subject. This book is more than a textbook on quantum mechanics; it gives the reader a comprehensive account of history and an appreciation of the nature of quantum mechanics. The introductory chapters deal with the earlier part of the century and the thinking of that time. The approach is familiar, as are the stories that Treiman tells, but he also manages to convey the speed with which ideas changed and the excitement this brought to the physics community. Classical ideas of force and energy are dealt with succinctly but with sufficient depth to set up the reader for what is to come; Maxwell's equations and a brief glimpse at relativity are included. This is followed by a brief description of what the author terms the `old' quantum mechanics, in effect a highly readable tour around black body radiation and spectroscopy and the models of the atom that emerged from them. The `new' quantum mechanics begins about a third of the way through the book, and in a chapter entitled `Foundations' starts gently but rapidly moves into a detailed mathematical treatment. This section, of necessity, relapses into the style of a textbook and covers a lot of ground quickly. It is at this point that the non-specialist popular science readers for whom Treiman has written this book may become a little bemused. Concepts such as non-degeneracy and operators come thick and fast. It is difficult to imagine an educated non-physicist with little mathematical ability keeping track of the equations and their meaning. However, the text continues to be accessible and moves swiftly from `quantum classics' such as the harmonic oscillator to electrical conductivity and the collapse of stars. Reassuringly, Treiman takes time out to ask `What's going on?' where he considers the question of how probabilities get converted into `facts' when things are measured. His own fascination with the subject comes through as he considers the different interpretations of quantum mechanics. The chapter on `building blocks' starts in 1932 when ` ... it could seem that all the basic building blocks of the whole world were at last in hand'. Swiftly and succinctly it moves through to the standard model, acknowledging that a closer look would ` ... quickly carry us far afield into highly technical thickets'. The final chapter tackles the more difficult subject of quantum field theory. This is a very swift journey through quantum electrodynamics and quantum chromodynamics. It is the final summary that stands out, however. The author reminds us what to marvel about: the miracles of quantum theory that are ` ... outrageous to common sense and intuition'. This is a useful book for any science department. It will be of particular use to those of us who studied the subject some time ago and who need to refresh their memories, for example teachers of A-level physics. The asides about `what is going on' and the history that is included make it a `book' rather than a `textbook'. First-year undergraduates, or just possibly motivated and mathematically able A-level students, would also benefit. Beware, however. The mathematics is not trivial and you would arguably need to have met it before in order to cope. Although the book occasionally relapses into textbook style you are left with a sense of the wonder of the subject and an appreciation of the beauty of the mathematics that underpins it.

Reynolds, Helen

2000-03-01

19

Supernova electron capture rates on odd-odd nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

At densities between 108 and 1010 g/cm3 electron capture in a presupernova collapse is believed to mainly occur on odd-odd nuclei. We have derived the rates for six of the most important electron capturing nuclei, 54,56,58Mn and 56,58,60Co, based on calculations of the Gamow-Teller strength distributions for the ground states and first excited states. These calculations have been performed by shell model diagonalization in the pf shell using a recently modified version of the KB3 interaction. The shell model rates are noticeably smaller than the presently adopted rates as the latter have been derived by placing the Gamow-Teller (GT) resonance at too low excitation energies.

Langanke, K.; Martínez-Pinedo, G.

1999-05-01

20

Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds  

USGS Publications Warehouse

Environmental factors-especially soil properties-have been suggested as potentially important in the transmission of infectious prion diseases. Because binding to montmorillonite (an aluminosilicate clay mineral) or clay-enriched soils had been shown to enhance experimental prion transmissibility, we hypothesized that prion transmission among mule deer might also be enhanced in ranges with relatively high soil clay content. In this study, we report apparent influences of soil clay content on the odds of prion infection in free-ranging deer. Analysis of data from prion-infected deer herds in northern Colorado, USA, revealed that a 1% increase in the clay-sized particle content in soils within the approximate home range of an individual deer increased its odds of infection by up to 8.9%. Our findings suggest that soil clay content and related environmental properties deserve greater attention in assessing risks of prion disease outbreaks and prospects for their control in both natural and production settings. ?? 2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserved.

David, Walter, W.; Walsh, D. P.; Farnsworth, M. L.; Winkelman, D. L.; Miller, M. W.

2011-01-01

21

Soil clay content underlies prion infection odds.  

PubMed

Environmental factors-especially soil properties-have been suggested as potentially important in the transmission of infectious prion diseases. Because binding to montmorillonite (an aluminosilicate clay mineral) or clay-enriched soils had been shown to enhance experimental prion transmissibility, we hypothesized that prion transmission among mule deer might also be enhanced in ranges with relatively high soil clay content. In this study, we report apparent influences of soil clay content on the odds of prion infection in free-ranging deer. Analysis of data from prion-infected deer herds in northern Colorado, USA, revealed that a 1% increase in the clay-sized particle content in soils within the approximate home range of an individual deer increased its odds of infection by up to 8.9%. Our findings suggest that soil clay content and related environmental properties deserve greater attention in assessing risks of prion disease outbreaks and prospects for their control in both natural and production settings. PMID:21326232

David Walter, W; Walsh, Daniel P; Farnsworth, Matthew L; Winkelman, Dana L; Miller, Michael W

2011-01-01

22

Photon scattering experiments on the quasistable, odd-odd mass nucleus {sup 176}Lu  

SciTech Connect

The quasistable odd-odd-mass nucleus {sup 176}Lu is of special interest in nuclear structure physics and, above all, in nuclear astrophysics. Systematic photon scattering experiments have been performed at the bremsstrahlung facility of the 4.3-MV Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator with bremsstrahlung end-point energies of 2.3 and 3.1 MeV to determine the low-energy dipole strength distribution in the s-only isotope {sup 176}Lu. The main goal was to pin down possible intermediate states (IS) for the photoactivation of the short-lived 123-keV isomer, which is the key process determining the effective lifetime of {sup 176}Lu in a stellar photon bath and hence for the use of this isotope as a stellar chronometer. Using an enriched sample, 29 transitions ascribed to {sup 176}Lu were detected below 2.9-MeV excitation energy. The corresponding excitation strengths were determined. For the previously proposed lowest IS at 839 keV, an upper limit for the excitation strength corresponding to a lifetime of {tau}{>=} 1.5 ps can be given. Astrophysical consequences, also in view of new Stuttgart photoactivation experiments, are discussed. The fragmentation of the dipole strength is compared to those in neighboring even-even and odd-even nuclei.

Walter, S.; Stedile, F.; Garrel, H. von; Kneissl, U.; Kohstall, C.; Pitz, H. H.; Scheck, M. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Carroll, J. J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Youngstown State University, Youngstown, Ohio 44555 (United States); Fransen, C.; Friessner, G.; Hollmann, N.; Jolie, J.; Linnemann, A.; Muecher, D.; Scholl, C.; Werner, V. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Karg, O.; Neumann-Cosel, P. von; Pietralla, N. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany); Kaeppeler, F. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, D-76021 Karlsruhe (Germany)] (and others)

2007-03-15

23

Dichotomous transformations for statistical inference about odds ratios  

Microsoft Academic Search

Dichotomous transformations for continuous outcomes are commonly used. In this paper, we investigate dichotomisation for statistical inference about odds ratios in a situation where two underlying distributions from which independent samples are drawn are skewed and unknown. Under some mild conditions it is shown that a suitable choice of the cutpoint of a dichotomous transformation must lie within the range

Xiangning Huang; Baibing Li

2009-01-01

24

Extremal charged rotating dilaton black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Employing higher-order perturbation theory, we find a new class of charged rotating black hole solutions of Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory with general dilaton coupling constant. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter, and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta in odd dimensions. We perform the perturbations up to 4th order for black holes in 5 dimensions and up to 3rd order in higher odd dimensions. We calculate the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge and the dilaton coupling constant.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departamento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-09-15

25

General parity-odd CMB bispectrum estimation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We develop a methodology for estimating parity-odd bispectra in the cosmic microwave background (CMB). This is achieved through the extension of the original separable modal methodology to parity-odd bispectrum domains (l1+l2+l3 = odd). Through numerical tests of the parity-odd modal decomposition with some theoretical bispectrum templates, we verify that the parity-odd modal methodology can successfully reproduce the CMB bispectrum, without numerical instabilities. We also present simulated non-Gaussian maps produced by modal-decomposed parity-odd bispectra, and show the consistency with the exact results. Our new methodology is applicable to all types of parity-odd temperature and polarization bispectra.

Shiraishi, Maresuke; Liguori, Michele; Fergusson, James R.

2014-05-01

26

On stability of odd-frequency superconducting state  

SciTech Connect

Odd-frequency pairing mechanism has been investigated for several decades. Nevertheless the properties of such superconducting phase as well as its thermodynamic stability have remained unclear. In particular it has been argued by numerous authors that the odd-frequency state is thermodynamically unstable, has an unphysical Meissner effect (at least within the mean-field approximation), and therefore can not exist as a homogeneous phase in equilibrium physical systems. We argue that such a conclusion is incorrect because it relies on an inappropriate assumption that the odd-frequency superconductor can be described by an effective Hamiltonian that breaks the U(l) symmetry. We show that the odd-frequency state can be appropriately formulated within the functional integral representation by using the effective action to describe such a superconducting state within the mean field approximation. We find that the odd-frequency superconductor is thermodynamically stable and exhibits ordinary Meissner effect, and therefore, in principle, it can be realized in equilibrium solid state systems.

Lenov, Bmitry [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Martin, Ivar [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Mozyrsky, Dima [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2008-01-01

27

Investigation of Cool and Hot Executive Function in ODD/CD Independently of ADHD  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Background: Children with oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (ODD/CD) have shown deficits in "cool" abstract-cognitive, and "hot" reward-related executive function (EF) tasks. However, it is currently unclear to what extent ODD/CD is associated with neuropsychological deficits, independently of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder…

Hobson, Christopher W.; Scott, Stephen; Rubia, Katya

2011-01-01

28

Topology Explains Why Automobile Sunshades Fold Oddly  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Automobile sunshades always fold into an "odd" number of loops. The explanation why involves elementary topology (braid theory and linking number, both explained in detail here with definitions and examples), and an elementary fact from algebra about symmetric group.

Feist, Curtis; Naimi, Ramin

2009-01-01

29

Extremal charged rotating black holes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

Employing higher order perturbation theory, we obtain charged rotating black holes in odd dimensions, where the Einstein-Maxwell Lagrangian may be supplemented with a Chern-Simons term. Starting from the Myers-Perry solutions, we use the electric charge as the perturbative parameter and focus on extremal black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta. For Einstein-Maxwell-Chern-Simons theory with arbitrary Chern-Simons coupling constant, we perform the perturbations up to 3rd order for any odd dimension. We discuss the physical properties of these black holes and study their dependence on the charge. In particular, we show that the gyromagnetic ratio g of Einstein-Maxwell black holes differs from the lowest order perturbative value D-2, and that the first correction term to g/(D-2) is universal.

Allahverdizadeh, Masoud; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lerida, Francisco [Institut fuer Physik, Universitaet Oldenburg, Postfach 2503 D-26111 Oldenburg (Germany); Departmento de Fisica Atomica, Molecular y Nuclear, Ciencias Fisicas, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, E-28040 Madrid (Spain)

2010-07-15

30

Non-adiabatic description of proton emission from the odd-odd nucleus 130Eu  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We discuss the non-adiabatic quasiparticle approach for calculating the rotational spectra and decay width of odd-odd proton emitters. The Coriolis effects are incorporated in both the parent and daughter wave functions. Results for the two probable ground states (1+ and 2+) of the proton emitter 130Eu are discussed. With our calculations, we confirm the proton emitting state to be the I? = 1+ state, irrespective of the strength of the Coriolis interaction. This study provides us with an opportunity to look into the details of wave functions of deformed odd-odd nuclei to which the proton emission halflives are quite sensitive.

Patial, Monika; Arumugam, P.; Jain, A. K.; Maglione, E.; Ferreira, L. S.

2014-03-01

31

First Observation Of Excited States In The T = -1, Odd-Odd Nucleus 48 Mn  

SciTech Connect

Gamma decays depopulating excited states in the odd-odd N=Z - 2 nucleus 48Mn have been observed for the first time. The yrast band has been built up from the 4+ ground state to 13+, just shy of the expected band termination at 15+. When compared with its mirror, 48V, the Coulomb energy differences are unlike any other previously measured which, until now, have been dominated by a sudden rotational alignment. Such an alignment is expected to be blocked in these odd-odd nuclei and calculations not only confirm this, but also infer that any Coulomb difference is mostly due to monopole effects.

Chandler, C.; Bentley, M.A.; Hammond, G. [School of Chemistry and Physics, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG (United Kingdom); Carpenter, M.P.; Davids, C.N.; Janssens, R.V.F.; Seweryniak, D. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Du Rietz, R.; Ekman, J. [Department of Physics, Lund University, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Freeman, S.J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Manchester, Manchester, M13 9PL (United Kingdom); Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States); Lenzi, S.M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Padova (Italy); INFN, Padova (Italy)

2005-04-05

32

First Observation Of Excited States In The T = -1, Odd-Odd Nucleus 48 Mn  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Gamma decays depopulating excited states in the odd-odd N=Z - 2 nucleus 48Mn have been observed for the first time. The yrast band has been built up from the 4+ ground state to 13+, just shy of the expected band termination at 15+. When compared with its mirror, 48V, the Coulomb energy differences are unlike any other previously measured which, until now, have been dominated by a sudden rotational alignment. Such an alignment is expected to be blocked in these odd-odd nuclei and calculations not only confirm this, but also infer that any Coulomb difference is mostly due to monopole effects.

Chandler, C.; Bentley, M. A.; Carpenter, M. P.; Davids, C. N.; Du Rietz, R.; Ekman, J.; Freeman, S. J.; Hammond, G.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Lenzi, S. M.; Seweryniak, D.

2005-04-01

33

Particle Multiplets and Collective Excitations in the Odd-Odd Nucleus sup 74 Br.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

The odd-odd nucleus sup 74 Br was gamma-spectroscopically studied via the reaction sup 58 Ni( exp 19 F,2pn gamma ) sup 74 Br. Single gamma -spectra, gamma -excitation functions, gamma - gamma coincidences, gamma -angular distributions, and mean life-times...

W. Neumann

1983-01-01

34

T-odd correlations in B?K*l+l- decay beyond the standard model  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

T-odd correlations as physical observables in the B?K*l+l- decay are studied using the most general form of the effective Hamiltonian. It is observed that these quantities are very sensitive to the new physics. We estimate the potential of discovery of these quantities at future hadron colliders.

Aliev, T. M.; Özpineci, A.; Savc?, M.; Yüce, C.

2002-12-01

35

Interior view, anteroom of the postmaster general's reception hall; shown ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Interior view, anteroom of the postmaster general's reception hall; shown here are two of the six aluminum statues of postal delivery men - New Post Office Building, Twelfth Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, Washington, District of Columbia, DC

36

Detail of southeast corner and pipes, shown along California Avenue; ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Detail of southeast corner and pipes, shown along California Avenue; camera facing north. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Central Power Plant, California Avenue, norhtwest corner of California Avenue & Seventh Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

37

27. INTERIOR VIEW, SIMILAR TO ABOVE BUT SHOWN FROM BEHIND ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

27. INTERIOR VIEW, SIMILAR TO ABOVE BUT SHOWN FROM BEHIND THE FEEDER (NOTE THE CATCH BIN OF CUT NAILS ON THE FLOOR BENEATH THE MACHINE) - LaBelle Iron Works, Thirtieth & Wood Streets, Wheeling, Ohio County, WV

38

1. East side of lower dam shown with water level ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

1. East side of lower dam shown with water level dropped. VIEW WEST - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

39

2. East side of lower dam shown with water flowing ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

2. East side of lower dam shown with water flowing over dam. VIEW WEST - Loleta Recreation Area, Lower Dam, 6 miles Southeast of interesection of State Route 24041 & State Route 66, Loleta, Elk County, PA

40

White Matter Development during Adolescence as Shown by Diffusion MRI  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

Previous volumetric developmental MRI studies of the brain have shown white matter development continuing through adolescence and into adulthood. This review presents current findings regarding white matter development and organization from diffusion MRI studies. The general trend during adolescence (age 12-18 years) is towards increasing…

Schmithorst, Vincent J.; Yuan, Weihong

2010-01-01

41

4. NORTH SIDE, AND ROOF, EASTERNMOST CAMERA STAND SHOWN IN ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

4. NORTH SIDE, AND ROOF, EASTERNMOST CAMERA STAND SHOWN IN RIGHT MIDDLE DISTANCE. Looking west from top of protective berm near Air Supply building. - Edwards Air Force Base, South Base Sled Track, Firing Control Blockhouse, South of Sled Track at east end, Lancaster, Los Angeles County, CA

42

Contextual view of building 271 from across the river shown ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

Contextual view of building 271 from across the river shown at center between coal sheds at left and building 91 at right; camera facing northwest. - Mare Island Naval Shipyard, Mechanics Shop, Waterfront Avenue, west side between A Street & Third Street, Vallejo, Solano County, CA

43

9. Tower building. Hot water tap floor shown. Mixing vat ...  

Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey

9. Tower building. Hot water tap floor shown. Mixing vat at center level. Juices mix and flow and left lower level. Copper kettles are down below view level. Looking toward front of building. - Tivoli-Union Brewery, 1320-1348 Tenth Street, Denver, Denver County, CO

44

Study of Even-Even/Odd-Even/Odd-Odd Nuclei in Zn-Ga-Ge Region in the Proton-Neutron IBM/IBFM/IBFFM  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We study the even-even, odd-even and odd-odd nuclei in the region including Zn-Ga-Ge in the proton-neutron IBM and the models derived from it: IBM2, IBFM2, IBFFM2. We describe 67Ga, 65Zn, and 68Ga by coupling odd particles to a boson core 66Zn. We also calculate the ?+-decay rates among 68Ge, 68Ga and 68Zn.

Yoshida, N.; Brant, S.; Zuffi, L.

2009-08-01

45

Odd Wisconsin at the Wisconsin Historical Society  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The guiding disclaimer that informs this website offered by the Wisconsin Historical Society is that well-known dictum, "Je n'impose rien; je ne propose rien: j'expose," which means: "I do not impose anything; I do not propose anything: I expose." By drawing on its vast holdings of compelling and curious primary documents, the Wisconsin Historical Society offers these small portions of odd and unusual historical items that are quite worth perusing. The project was started in January 2004, and visitors can view the current items, or look through the monthly archives. The selections offered here may also be browsed by categories, such as odd lives, strange deaths, bizarre events, and animals. Some of the rather intriguing events that visitors can read about here include a first-hand account of the deep freeze of 1838 and Wisconsin's first poet, the rather eccentric James Gates Percival. It may truly be said that this site has "something for everyone."

46

First observation of yrast band in odd-odd $^{162}$ Lu  

Microsoft Academic Search

High spin states of the odd-odd $^{162}$Lu nucleus have been studied via $^{147}$Sm($^{19}$ F,4n$\\\\gamma $)$^{162}$Lu reaction at 95MeV beam energy. Level scheme for yrast band based on $\\\\pi $[h$_{11\\/2}$] $\\\\upsilon $[i$_{13\\/2}$] quasiparticle configuration was established up to I$^\\\\pi $=(23$^{-}$) for the first time. This band shows the signature inversion in energy before backbending generally appeared in this mass region. It

Y. H. Zhang; X. H. Zhou; Q. Z. Zhao; X. F. Sun; X. G. Lei; Y. X. Guo; Z. Liu; X. F. Chen; Y. T. Zhu; S. X. Wen; G. J. Yuan; X. A. Liu

1996-01-01

47

Latino High School Graduation. Defying the Odds.  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

This book describes how "at-risk" Hispanic youth defy the odds and stay in school to earn a high school diploma. Information about success is needed because Hispanic youth drop out at about twice the rate of non-Hispanic Whites. The discussion is based on the results of a 4-year longitudinal study of 100 Hispanic youth labeled at-risk by their…

Romo, Harriett D.; Falbo, Toni

48

Decline in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Odds of Incident Depression  

PubMed Central

Background Studies of physical activity and incidence of physician-diagnosed depression have been limited to a single estimate of self-reported physical activity exposure, despite follow-up periods lasting many years. Purpose To examine longitudinal change in cardiorespiratory fitness, an objective marker of habitual physical activity, and incident depression complaints made to a physician. Methods Cardiorespiratory fitness assessed at four clinic visits between 1971 and 2006, each separated by an average of 2–3 years, was used to objectively measure cumulative physical activity exposure in cohorts of 7936 men and 1261 women, aged 20–85 years, from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study who did not complain of depression at their first clinic visit in 1971–2003. Data were analyzed in August 2010. Results Across subsequent visits, there were 446 incident cases in men and 153 cases in women. After adjustment for age, time between visits, BMI at each visit, and fitness at Visit 1, each 1-minute decline in treadmill endurance (i.e., a decline in cardiorespiratory fitness of approximately 1 half-MET) between ages 51 and 55 years in men and ages 53 and 56 years in women, increased the odds of incident depression complaints by approximately 2% and 9.5%, respectively. The increased odds remained significant but were attenuated to 1.3% and 5.4% after further adjustment at each visit for smoking, alcohol use, chronic medical conditions, anxiety, and sleep problems. Conclusions Maintenance of cardiorespiratory fitness during late middle-age, when decline in fitness typically accelerates, helps protect against the onset of depression complaints made to a physician.

Dishman, Rodney K.; Sui, Xuemei; Church, Timothy S.; Hand, Gregory A.; Trivedi, Madhukar H.; Blair, Steven N.

2012-01-01

49

Structure of hard-hypersphere fluids in odd dimensions.  

PubMed

The structural properties of single component fluids of hard hyperspheres in odd space dimensionalities d are studied with an analytical approximation method that generalizes the rational function approximation earlier introduced in the study of hard-sphere fluids [S. B. Yuste and A. Santos, Phys. Rev. A 43, 5418 (1991)]. The theory makes use of the exact form of the radial distribution function to first order in density and extends it to finite density by assuming a rational form for a function defined in Laplace space, the coefficients being determined by simple physical requirements. Fourier transform in terms of reverse Bessel polynomials constitute the mathematical framework of this approximation, from which an analytical expression for the static structure factor is obtained. In its most elementary form, the method recovers the solution of the Percus-Yevick closure to the Ornstein-Zernike equation for hyperspheres at odd dimensions. The present formalism allows one to go beyond by yielding solutions with thermodynamic consistency between the virial and compressibility routes to any desired equation of state. Excellent agreement with available computer simulation data at d=5 and d=7 is obtained. PMID:18233644

Rohrmann, René D; Santos, Andrés

2007-11-01

50

Abelian zero modes in odd dimensions  

SciTech Connect

We show that the Loss-Yau zero modes of the 3d-Abelian-Dirac operator may be interpreted in a simple manner in terms of a stereographic projection from a 4d-Dirac operator with a constant field strength of definite helicity. This is an alternative to the conventional viewpoint involving Hopf maps from S{sup 3} to S{sup 2}. Furthermore, our construction generalizes in a straightforward way to any odd dimension. The number of zero modes is related to the Chern-Simons number in a nonlinear manner.

Dunne, Gerald V.; Min, Hyunsoo [Department of Physics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06269 (United States); Department of Physics, University of Seoul, Seoul 130-743 (Korea, Republic of)

2008-09-15

51

Abelian zero modes in odd dimensions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We show that the Loss-Yau zero modes of the 3d-Abelian-Dirac operator may be interpreted in a simple manner in terms of a stereographic projection from a 4d-Dirac operator with a constant field strength of definite helicity. This is an alternative to the conventional viewpoint involving Hopf maps from S3 to S2. Furthermore, our construction generalizes in a straightforward way to any odd dimension. The number of zero modes is related to the Chern-Simons number in a nonlinear manner.

Dunne, Gerald V.; Min, Hyunsoo

2008-09-01

52

Synchrotron Radiation Studies on Even-Odd and Odd-Even Nylons  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aliphatic polyamides derived from odd diamine or odd dicarboxylic acid units cannot adopt a conventional sheet structure when molecular chains have an all trans conformation. However, typical fiber diffraction patterns of this sheet structure were observed in several polyamides derived from odd units such as nylons 65 and 56. Consequently, a new structure based on the establishment of intermolecular hydrogen bonds along two different directions was postulated. Real-time temperature dependence of X-ray diffraction patterns for nylons 65 and 56 was studied by synchrotron radiation to gain understanding of the Brill transition usually occurring in polyamides. Significant differences were found between the temperature dependence of both nylons, although a transition towards a monoclinic structure characterized by a single equatorial reflection around 0.425-0.420 nm was observed to occur at high temperatures. This transition was reversible for nylon 65 only. In this case, a characteristic hysteresis effect was found.

Ricart, A.; Soto, D.; Franco, L.; Morales, L. T.; Puiggalí, J.

2010-11-01

53

White matter development during adolescence as shown by diffusion MRI.  

PubMed

Previous volumetric developmental MRI studies of the brain have shown white matter development continuing through adolescence and into adulthood. This review presents current findings regarding white matter development and organization from diffusion MRI studies. The general trend during adolescence (age 12-18 years) is towards increasing fractional anisotropy (FA) with age and decreasing mean diffusivity (MD) with age, findings primarily due to decreasing radial diffusivity with age. However, results of studies vary as to the regional specificity of such age-related changes, likely due in part to methodological issues. Another general trend is for FA to positively correlate and MD to negatively correlate with cognitive function. This trend is however region-specific, task-specific, and population-specific; some studies have in fact found negative correlations of FA and positive correlations of MD in specific regions with specific measures of cognitive performance. There are also published reports of sexual dimorphism in white matter development, indicating differing developmental trajectories between males and females as well as differing relationships developmentally between white matter architecture and cognitive function. There is a need for more research to further elucidate the development of white matter and its relation to cognitive function during this critical developmental period. PMID:19628324

Schmithorst, Vincent J; Yuan, Weihong

2010-02-01

54

Gear Durability Shown To Be Improved by Superfinishing  

NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)

Gears, bearings, and similar mechanical elements transmit loads through contacting surfaces. At the NASA Glenn Research Center at Lewis Field, we postulated that the fatigue lives of gears could be improved by providing smoother tooth surfaces. A superfinishing process was applied to a set of conventionally ground, aerospace-quality gears. This process produced a highly polished, mirrorlike surface as shown in the preceding photograph. The surface fatigue lives of both superfinished and conventionally ground gears were measured by experiments. The superfinished gears survived about four times longer than the conventionally ground gears. These superfinished gears were produced from conventionally ground, aerospace-quality gears whose geometry had been inspected. The gears were superfinished by placing them in a vibrating bath consisting of water, detergent, abrasive powder, and small pieces of zinc. Upon removal from the bath, the surfaces were highly polished, as depicted in the preceding photograph. The gears were again inspected, and dimensional measurements made before and after the superfinishing operation were compared. Superfinishing removed the peaks of the grinding marks and left a much smoother surface. Profile and spacing checks proved that the overall gear tooth shape was not affected in any harmful way. Superfinishing uniformly removed approximately 2.5 microns from each surface.

Krautz, Timothy L.

2000-01-01

55

Mothers' Caries Increases Odds of Children's Caries  

PubMed Central

There are many determinants of children’s dental caries. We hypothesized that a mother’s untreated caries was associated with increased likelihood of her children’s untreated caries, after controlling for other factors. This population-based study was conducted in a rural, primarily Hispanic, California community. Interview and dental examination data for mother-child (children < 18 yrs old) dyads were analyzed. In a Generalized Estimation Equation (GEE) logit model for mothers (n = 179) and children (n = 387), maternal untreated caries was a statistically significant correlate of child’s untreated caries, odds ratio (OR) = 1.76 (95%CI: 1.10, 2.70), adjusted for demographic factors. This relationship did not change when behavioral and dental utilization factors were added to the model, OR = 1.85 (95% CI: 1.12, 3.07). Maternal untreated caries almost doubled the odds of children’s untreated caries and significantly increased child’s caries severity by about 3 surfaces. Caries prevention and dental utilization programs for mothers and their children should be increased.

Weintraub, J.A.; Prakash, P.; Shain, S.G.; Laccabue, M.; Gansky, S.A.

2010-01-01

56

Herd and cow characteristics affecting the odds of veterinary treatment for disease - a multilevel analysis  

PubMed Central

Background Research has indicated that a number of different factors affect whether an animal receives treatment or not when diseased. The aim of this paper was to evaluate if herd or individual animal characteristics influence whether cattle receives veterinary treatment for disease, and thereby also introduce misclassification in the disease recording system. Methods The data consisted mainly of disease events reported by farmers during 2004. We modelled odds of receiving veterinary treatment when diseased, using two-level logistic regression models for cows and young animals (calves and heifers), respectively. Model parameters were estimated using three procedures, because these procedures have been shown, under some conditions, to produce biased estimates for multi-level models with binary outcomes. Results Cows located in herds mainly consisting of Swedish Holstein cows had higher odds for veterinary treatment than cows in herds mainly consisting of Swedish Red cows. Cows with a disease event early in lactation had higher odds for treatment than when the event occurred later in lactation. There were also higher odds for veterinary treatment of events for cows in January and April than in July and October. The odds for veterinary treatment of events in young animals were higher if the farmer appeared to be good at keeping records. Having a disease event at the same date as another animal increased the odds for veterinary treatment for all events in young animals, and for lameness, metabolic, udder and other disorders, but not for peripartum disorders, in cows. There were also differences in the odds for veterinary treatment between disease complexes, both for cows and young animals. The random effect of herd was significant in both models and accounted for 40–44% of the variation in the cow model and 30–46% in the young animal model. Conclusion We conclude that cow and herd characteristics influence the odds for veterinary treatment and that this might bias the results from studies using data from the cattle disease database based on veterinary practice records.

Mork, Marie Jansson; Emanuelson, Ulf; Lindberg, Ann; Vagsholm, Ivar; Egenvall, Agneta

2009-01-01

57

Investigation of the High Spin Structure of the Odd-Odd Nucleus BROMINE-76  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The structure of the odd-odd nucleus _sp{35}{76}Br _{41} at high angular momentum was investigated experimentally. Its high spin states were populated in the fusion-evaporation reaction ^{19}F + ^{63 }Cu at a laboratory bombarding energy of 67 MeV. Its decay was studied via discrete coincident gamma ray spectroscopy. Several new low lying states and gamma ray transitions were observed. In addition, a previously unreported rotational sequence is proposed. The results were compared to calculations using the Cranked Woods-Saxon Bogoljubov formalism and Strutinsky shell correction.

Wehner, Lilian Faro

58

High-spin states in the odd-odd nucleus {sup 146}Tb  

SciTech Connect

The odd-odd {sup 146}Tb nucleus has been investigated using the {sup 115}In({sup 34}S,3n) reaction at 140 MeV incident energy using an array of eight Compton-suppressed Clover detectors. Based on the observed {gamma}-{gamma} coincidences, the level structure of {sup 146}Tb has been extended up to E{sub x}{approx}10 MeV. Linear polarization measurements have been combined with angular correlations of the observed {gamma} rays to assign the electromagnetic nature to the transitions. Probable origin of a cascade of M1 transitions observed around 8 MeV excitation energy has been discussed.

Krishichayan,; Chakraborty, A.; Ghugre, S.S.; Goswami, R.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Pattabiraman, N.S.; Ray, S.; Sinha, A.K.; Sarkar, S.; Madhusudhana Rao, P.V.; Garg, U.; Basu, S.K.; Yogi, B.K.; Chaturvedi, L.; Dhal, A.; Sinha, R.K.; Sarkar, M. Saha; Saha, S.; Singh, R.; Bhowmik, R.K. [Inter University Consortium For DAE Facilities, Calcutta Center, Sector III, LB-8, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 098 (India); Department of Physics, University of Burdwan, Burdwan 713 104 (India); Department of Nuclear Physics, Andhra University, Waltair 530 003 (India); Department of Physics, University of Notre Dame, Notre Dame, Indiana 46556 (United States); Variable Energy Cyclotron Center, Sector-I/AF, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India); Department of Physics, Govt. College, Kota 324 009 (India); Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005 (India); Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Sector-I/AF, Bidhan Nagar, Kolkata 700 064 (India); Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, New Delhi 110 007 (India); Nuclear Science Center, Aruna Asaf Ali Marg, New Delhi 110 067 (India)] [and others

2004-10-01

59

Wellness Factors Decrease the Odds of Drinking and Driving among College Students  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

The authors examined holistic wellness factors and drinking and driving behaviors among undergraduate students. Two factors of the Indivisible Self Wellness Model, the Coping Self and the Physical Self, decreased the odds of engaging in drinking and driving behavior. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)

Lewis, Todd F.; Myers, Jane E.

2012-01-01

60

Oscillator with odd- symmetrical characteristics eliminates low-frequency noise sidebands  

Microsoft Academic Search

Low-frequency noise in an oscillator normally produces two LF noise sidebands around the center frequencyf_{0}of the oscillator. It was shown experimentally that these noise sidebands can be eliminated by using an oscillator circuit with an odd-symmetrical characteristic. A simple theory based on the van der Pol approach to oscillators can explain the observed effects.

H. Chen; A. van der Ziel; K. Amberiadis

1984-01-01

61

Odd-J pairing in nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We point out a simplicity that arises when we use an interaction in which only an energy with odd J is nonzero. The emphasis is on J=Jmax and in particular J=9+ in the g9/2 shell. It is noted that high overlaps can be deceptive. In many cases a single set of unitary 9-j coefficients gives either an exact or a surprisingly good approximation to the wave function of a nondegenerate state. The many degeneracies that occur in these calculations are discussed and explained. As a counterpoint, we compare the results with an interaction in which both the J=0 and J=Jmax two-body matrix elements are equal (and attractive). Comparisons with a more realistic interaction are also made.

Zamick, L.; Escuderos, A.

2013-04-01

62

Physics  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

Physics is the scientific study of the basic principles of the universe, including matter, energy, motion and force, and their interactions. Major topics include classical mechanics, thermodynamics, light and optics, electromagnetism and relativity.

K-12 Outreach,

63

Magnetic-field-induced odd-frequency superconductivity in s-wave superconductors  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The wavefunction of the Cooper pair of the conventional BCS state is characterized by an evenparity (s-wave) spin-singlet state. An external magnetic field is well known to modify the wavefunction of the Cooper pair and to break the conventional BCS superconducting state. We find that the wavefunction of the modified Cooper pair contains a spin-triplet component with s-wave orbital symmetry. While the spin-triplet s-wave Cooper pair is forbidden owing to the fermion property, it is permitted in the generalized theoretical framework containing an odd-frequency dependence of the order parameter. We investigate this point on the basis of the self-consistent calculation in the Eliashberg theory and find that the odd-frequency order parameter coexists with the evenfrequency one. We also report how the physical properties are affected by the induced odd-frequency superconducting order parameter.

Matsumoto, Masashige; Koga, Mikito; Kusunose, Hiroaki

2013-08-01

64

High-Spin Structure in Odd-Odd 160Lu Nucleus  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The high-spin states of 160Lu are populated by the fusion-evaporation reaction 144Sm(19F,3n)160Lu at beam energies of 90 and 106 MeV. A new level scheme of 160Lu is established. A possible isomeric state based on the ?h11/2?h9/2 configuration is observed. The new decoupled band with the configuration of ?d3/2[411]1/2+?i13/2[660]1/2+ is established, and the configurations of these similar decoupled bands in the neighboring odd-odd 162-166Lu nuclei are suggested. A positive parity coupled band is assigned as the ?d5/2[402]5/2+?i13/2[660]1/2+ configuration.

Wang, Lie-Lin; Lu, Jing-Bin; Yang, Dong; Ma, Ke-Yan; Zhou, Yin-Hang; Yin, Li-Chang; Wu, Xiao-Guang; Wen, Shu-Xian; Li, Guang-Sheng; Yang, Chun-Xiang

2012-06-01

65

Isospin and deformation studies in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus {sup 54}Co  

SciTech Connect

High-spin states in the odd-odd N=Z nucleus {sup 54}Co have been investigated by the fusion-evaporation reaction {sup 28}Si({sup 32}S,1{alpha}1p1n){sup 54}Co. Gamma-ray information gathered with the Ge detector array Gammasphere was correlated with evaporated particles detected in the charged particle detector system Microball and a 1{pi} neutron detector array. A significantly extended excitation scheme of {sup 54}Co is presented, which includes a candidate for the isospin T=1, 6{sup +} state of the 1f{sub 7/2}{sup -2} multiplet. The results are compared to large-scale shell-model calculations in the fp shell. Effective interactions with and without isospin-breaking terms have been used to probe isospin symmetry and isospin mixing. A quest for deformed high-spin rotational cascades proved negative. This feature is discussed by means of cranking calculations.

Rudolph, D.; Andersson, L.-L.; Ekman, J.; Erten, O.; Fahlander, C.; Johansson, E. K.; Andreoiu, C. [Department of Physics, Lund University, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Bengtsson, R.; Ragnarsson, I. [Department of Mathematical Physics, LTH, Lund University, S-22100 Lund (Sweden); Bentley, M. A.; Williams, S. J. [School of Chemistry and Physics, Keele University, Keele, Staffordshire, ST5 5BG United Kingdom (United Kingdom); Carpenter, M. P.; Seweryniak, D. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Charity, R. J.; Reviol, W.; Sarantites, D. G. [Chemistry Department, Washington University, St. Louis, Missouri 63130 (United States); Clark, R. M.; Fallon, P.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Svensson, C. E. [Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

2010-11-15

66

Study of Medium-Mass Odd-Odd Nuclei Close to the N = Z Line  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The ?+ decay of the N = Z odd-odd nuclei 62Ga and 70Br has been investigated at the on-line mass separator of GSI Darmstadt. The nuclei were produced by using beams of 36Ar on 28Si and 40Ca targets. In the decay of 62Ga, besides an intense 511 keV annihilation peak, the 954 keV 2+ ? 0+ transition in 62Zn has been observed weakly, whereas many ? transitions with a half-life of 2.2(1) s have been identified in the 70Br ? 70Se decay. Based on the observed population of levels in 70Se, spin and parity of 9+ are assigned to the ?-decaying state in 70Br. The occurrence of such a high-spin state is interpreted as arising from the (?9/2+[404], ?9/2+[404])) intruder configuration at oblate deformation.

Döring, J.; Plettner, C.; Axiotis, M.; Borcea, R.; Eberth, J.; Gadea, A.; Górska, M.; Grawe, H.; Janas, Z.; Kirchner, R.; La Commara, M.; Mazzocchi, C.; Nácher González, E.; P?ochocki, A.; Roeckl, E.; Schmidt, K.; Schwengner, R.; Steinhardt, T.; ?ylicz, J.

2001-11-01

67

Theoretical description of fine structure in the ? decay of heavy odd-odd nuclei  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The newly developed multichannel cluster model (MCCM), based on the coupled-channel Schrödinger equation with outgoing wave boundary conditions, is extended to study the ?-decay fine structure in heavy odd-odd nuclei. Calculations are performed for the ? transitions to favored rotational bands where the unpaired nucleons remain unchanged. The simple WKB barrier penetration formula is also used to evaluate the branching ratios for various daughter states. It is found that the WKB formula seems to overestimate the branching ratios for the second and third members of the favored rotational band, while the MCCM gives a precise description of them without any adjustable parameters. Moreover, the experimental total ?-decay half-lives are well reproduced within the MCCM.

Ni, Dongdong; Ren, Zhongzhou

2013-02-01

68

High-Spin States in the Odd-Odd Nucleus 92Nb  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

High spin states of the odd-odd nucleus 92Nb are investigated using the 82Se (14N, 4n)92Nb reaction at a beam energy of 54 MeV. The level scheme of the 92Nb was extended up to J? =(16+) at about 7.3 MeV and J?=(21?) at about 9.7 MeV. According to systematic analyses and a comparison with the neighboring nucleus, the higher spin states could be interpreted by the multi-particle excitations in the ?(f5/2,p3/2,p1/2,g9/2)?(p1/2,g9/2,d5/2, g7/2) configuration space.

Wu, Yi-Heng; Lu, Jing-Bin; Luo, Peng-Wei; Li, Guang-Sheng; Li, Hong-Wei; Wu, Xiao-Guang; He, Chuang-Ye; Zheng, Yun; Ma, Ke-Yan; Yang, Dong; Li, Cong-Bo; Hu, Shi-Peng; Liu, Jia-Jian; Wang, Jin-Long; Yao, Shun-He; Chen, Qi-Ming; Zhong, Jian

2014-04-01

69

Inferring the depth of the zonal jets on Jupiter and Saturn from odd gravity harmonics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

ABSTRACTThe low-order even gravity harmonics J2, J4, and J6 are well constrained for Jupiter and Saturn from spacecraft encounters over the past few decades. These gravity harmonics are dominated by the oblate shape and radial density distribution of these gaseous planets. In the lack of any north-south asymmetry, <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics will be zero. However, the winds on these planets are not hemispherically symmetric, and therefore can contribute to the <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics through dynamical variations to the density field. Here it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that even relatively shallow winds (reaching ~ 40 bars) can cause considerable <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics that can be detectable by NASA's Juno and Cassini missions to Jupiter and Saturn. Moreover, these measurements will have better sensitivity to the <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonics than to the high-order even harmonics, which have been previously proposed as a proxy for deep winds. Determining the <span class="hlt">odd</span> gravity harmonics will therefore help constrain the depth of the jets on these planets, and may provide valuable information about the planet's core and structure.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kaspi, Yohai</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">70</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvB..89a4506W"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-parity superconductivity in Weyl semimetals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Unconventional superconducting states of matter are realized in the presence of strong spin-orbit coupling. In particular, nondegenerate bands can support <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity superconductivity with rich topological content. Here we study whether this is the case for Weyl semimetals. These are systems whose low-energy sector, in the absence of interactions, is described by linearly dispersing chiral fermions in three dimensions. The energy spectrum has nodes at an even number of points in the Brillouin zone. Consequently both intranodal finite momentum pairing and internodal BCS superconductivity are allowed. For local attractive interaction the finite momentum pairing state with chiral p-wave symmetry is found to be most favorable at finite chemical potential. The state is an analog of the superfluid 3He A phase, with Cooper pairs having finite center-of-mass momentum. For chemical potential at the node the state is preempted by a fully gapped charge density wave. For nonlocal attraction the BCS state wins out for all values of the chemical potential.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wei, Huazhou; Chao, Sung-Po; Aji, Vivek</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">71</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21030184"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the <span class="hlt">odds</span>--surviving extreme hyperkalemia.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Severe hyperkalemia (>7 mmol/L) is a medical emergency because of possible fatal arrhythmias. We here report the case of a 58-year-old woman surviving extreme hyperkalemia (>10 mmol/L). The patient with a history of congestive heart failure, a DDD pacemaker and mild chronic renal insufficiency was admitted with progressive weakness and sudden onset of hypotension and bradycardia in the absence of any pacemaker action. Laboratory tests revealed an extreme serum potassium level of 10.1 mmol/L, with a slightly elevated serum creatinine of 149 ?mol/L. Treatment with norepinephrine, sodium bicarbonate, and insulin improved both the hemodynamic situation and the serum potassium with subsequent regaining pacemaker actions even before additional hemodialysis normalized the potassium level. A thorough investigation demonstrated that several mechanisms contributed to the extreme potassium level: urinalysis and a low transtubular potassium gradient in the presence of metabolic acidosis with normal anion gap pointed to preexisting interstitial nephritis, with renal tubular acidosis type IV as the predisposing factor, whereas several drugs and acute impairment of renal function contributed to the dangerous situation. Despite the <span class="hlt">odds</span> for fatal outcome, the patient recovered completely, and long-term management was initiated to prevent recurrent hyperkalemia. PMID:21030184</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Muck, Philip M; Letterer, Sebastian; Lindner, Ulrich; Lehnert, Hendrik; Haas, Christian Stefan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">72</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/394349"> <span id="translatedtitle">Positronium decay and C-<span class="hlt">odd</span> bosons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Triplet-state orthopositronium (o-Ps) decay rate measurements are in marked disagreement by 0.17(2)% with QED theoretical calculations done up to, but not including order {alpha}{sup 2} radiative and relativistic corrections. The existence of a rare exotic decay branch o-Ps {r_arrow} 2{gamma} + X{sup o} (where X{sup o} is a neutral, massive C-<span class="hlt">odd</span> boson) could resolve the discrepancy. The authors have searched for, but have not found evidence of the X{sup o} in two recent experiments. Stringent limits are placed on the exotic decay branching ratio e{sup +} + e{sup {minus}} {r_arrow} X{sup o} + {gamma} as a function of the X{sup o} mass and lifetime. The results are interpreted for two distinct models of X{sup o} interactions and related to o-Ps decay as well as other experiments, including singlet-state parapositronium decay rate measurements.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Skalsey, M.; Conti, R.S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">73</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=light+AND+bulb&pg=5&id=EJ126443"> <span id="translatedtitle">More Theoretical <span class="hlt">Odds</span> and Practical Ends</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Illustrates how various common objects can be used in the classroom to demonstrate <span class="hlt">physical</span> science concepts. Describes the use of toys, ice cubes, light bulbs, meter sticks, and wine bottles as teaching aids. (MLH)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Siddons, J. C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1975-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">74</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88a4304Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shape phase transition and phase coexistence in <span class="hlt">odd</span> Sm nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The shape phase transition and the associated phase coexistence in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Sm isotopes are investigated. Through analyzing two-neutron separation energies and the low-lying spectra of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Sm isotopes, it is found that the spherical to axially deformed shape phase transition does occur in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Sm nuclei just as their neighboring even Sm nuclei. The phase coexistence in 151Sm, which lies close to the critical point, is revealed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang, Yu; Pan, Feng; Liu, Yu-Xin; Luo, Yan-An; Draayer, J. P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">75</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/1013990"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multi-quasiparticle structures up to spin ~44{dirac_h} in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 168}Ta.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 168}Ta have been populated in the {sup 120}Sn({sup 51}V,3n) reaction. Two multi-quasiparticle structures have been extended significantly from spin {approx}20{h_bar} to above 40{h_bar}. As a result, the first rotational alignment has been fully delineated and a second band crossing has been observed for the first time in this nucleus. Configurations for these strongly coupled rotational bands are proposed based on signature splitting, B(M1)/B(E2) ratio information, and observed rotation-alignment behavior. Properties of the observed bands in {sup 168}Ta are compared to related structures in the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z, <span class="hlt">odd</span>-N, and <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei and are discussed within the framework of the cranked shell model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, X.; Hartley, D. J.; Riley, M. A.; Riedinger, L. L.; Aguilar, A.; Carpenter, M. P.; Chiara, C. J.; Chowdhury, P.; Darby, I.; Garg, U.; Ijaz, Q.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Kondev, F. G.; Lakshmi, S.; Lauritsen, T.; Ma, W. C.; McCutchan, E. A.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Seyfried, E. P.; Stefanescu, I.; Tandel, S. K.; Tandel, U. S.; Teal, C.; Vanhoy, J. R.; Zhu, S. (Nuclear Engineering Division); ( PHY); ( PSC-USR); (Florida State Univ.); (U.S. Naval Academy); (Univ. of Tennessee); (Univ .of Massachusetts); (Univ. of Notre Dame); (Mississippi State Univ.); (Univ. of Maryland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">76</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.cardiff.ac.uk/psych/resources/2004GOOZENexef.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Executive functioning in children: a comparison of hospitalised <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>\\/ADHD children and normal controls</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Deficits in executive functioning are supposed to have a predisposing influence on im- pulsive or aggressive behaviour. We tested the hypothesis that oppositional-defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) children with or without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have problems in executive functioning. Method: Seventy-seven 7- to 12-year-old children (15 <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, 26 <span class="hlt">ODD</span>\\/ADHD, and 36 normal controls), all with normal IQ, completed 7</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stephanie H. M. van Goozen; Peggy T. Cohen-Kettenis; Heddeke Snoek; Walter Matthys; Hanna Swaab-Barneveld; Herman van Engeland</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">77</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AGUFMPP33B..05H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Cosmic impact: What are the <span class="hlt">odds</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Firestone et al. (PNAS 104, 16016-16021, 2007) propose that the impact of a ~4 km diameter comet (or multiple bodies making up a similar mass) led to the Younger Dryas cooling and extinction of megafauna in North America, 12,900 years ago. Even more provocatively, Firestone et al. (Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes, Bear & Co. Books, 2006, 392pp), suggest that a nearby supernova may have produced a comet shower leading to the impact event, either by disturbing the Oort Cloud or by direct injection of 4-km comet-like bodies to the solar neighborhood. Here we show: (a) A supernova shockwave or mass ejection is not capable of triggering a shower of comets from the Oort Cloud. (b) An Oort Cloud shower from whatever cause would take 100,000 years or more for the perturbed comets to arrive in the inner solar system, and the peak flux would persist for some hundreds of thousands more years. (c) Even if all 20 solar masses or so of ejected matter from a SN were in the form of 4-km diameter balls, the probability of even one such ball hitting the Earth from an event 100 light years away would be about 3e-5. (d) A 4-km diameter ball traveling fast enough to get here from 100 LY away in some tens of thousands of years would deliver the energy of a 50 km diameter impactor traveling at typical Earth-impact velocity (~20 km/sec). We review the current impact flux on the Earth from asteroids and comets, and show that the probability of an impact of a 4-km diameter asteroid in an interval of 13,000 years is about one in a thousand, and the probability of a comet impact of that size is a few in a million. An "impact shower" caused by the injection or breakup of comets or asteroids in the inner solar system by whatever means would take tens to hundreds of thousands of years to clear out, thus the population of NEOs we see now with our telescopic surveys is what we’ve had for the last few tens of thousands of years, at least. Faced with such low <span class="hlt">odds</span>, the evidence that such a large cosmic impact is the cause of the Younger Dryas boundary and cooling, and that there is no other possible cause, needs to be extraordinary indeed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Harris, A. W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">78</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013prst.conf..183P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Both the Twin Paradox and GPS Data Show the Need for Additional <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An analysis of the net proper time difference for a Twin Paradox scenario is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to require an asymmetric construct such as a special <span class="hlt">physics</span> frame and also shows that Special Relativity's time dilation equation does not describe proper time. An analysis of GPS confirms the need for a special <span class="hlt">physics</span> frame and is sharply at <span class="hlt">odds</span> with Special Relativity despite claims that GPS uses it.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Percival, J. N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">79</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.siam.org/proceedings/soda/2010/SODA10_028_demainee.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Decomposition, Approximation, and Coloring of <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Minor-Free Graphs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We prove two structural decomposition theorems about graphs ex- cluding a fixed <span class="hlt">odd</span> minor H, and show how these theorems can be used to obtain approximation algorithms for several algorithmic problems in such graphs. Our decomposition results provide new structural insights into <span class="hlt">odd</span>-H-minor-free graphs, on the one hand generalizing the central structural result from Graph Minor The- ory, and on</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Erik D. DemaineMohammadTaghi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">80</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=epidemiology&pg=7&id=EJ872375"> <span id="translatedtitle">"Dealing" with Incidence, Prevalence, and <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Concepts in Undergraduate Epidemiology</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Concepts and associated statistical formulae of incidence, prevalence, and <span class="hlt">odds/odds</span> ratios are core knowledge in epidemiology yet can be confusing for students. The purpose of this project was to develop, validate, and share one possible pedagogical technique using playing cards that could be employed to improve undergraduate understanding of…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Senchina, David S.; Laurson, Kelly R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" 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showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">81</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005PhRvC..71f4327P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shape coexistence in the very neutron-rich <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 96Rb</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Microsecond isomers of neutron-rich nuclei in masses A=96 and 98 were reinvestigated at the Institut Laue-Langevin reactor (Grenoble). These nuclei were produced by thermal-neutron induced fission of 241Pu. The detection is based on the time correlation between fission fragments selected by the Lohengrin mass spectrometer and the ? rays and conversion electrons from the isomers. A new level scheme of 96Rb is proposed. We have found that the ground state and low-lying levels of this nucleus are rather spherical, and a rotational band develops at 461-keV energy. This band has properties consistent with a ?[4313/2]×?[5413/2]K=3- Nilsson assignment and a deformation ?2>0.28. It is fed by a I?=10- microsecond isomer consistent with a ?(g9/2)?(h11/2) spherical configuration. It is interesting to note that the same unique-parity states ?(g9/2) and ?(h11/2) are present in the same nucleus in a deformed and in a spherical configuration. The neighboring <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus 98Y presents a strong analogy with 96Rb and is also discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pinston, J. A.; Genevey, J.; Orlandi, R.; Scherillo, A.; Simpson, G. S.; Tsekhanovich, I.; Urban, W.; Faust, H.; Warr, N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">82</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvE..85a2701A"> <span id="translatedtitle">Flexoelectric and elastic coefficients of <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even homologous bimesogens</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is known that bimesogenic liquid crystals exhibit a marked “<span class="hlt">odd</span>-even” effect in the flexoelastic ratio (the effective flexoelectric coefficient to the average elastic coefficient), with the ratio being higher for the “<span class="hlt">odd</span>-spaced” bimesogens (those with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of alkyl groups in the spacer chain) than their neighboring even-spaced counterparts. To determine the contribution of each property to the flexoelastic ratio, we present experimental results on the flexoelectric and elastic coefficients of two homologous nonsymmetric bimesogens which possess <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even alkyl spacers. Our results show that, although there are differences in the flexoelectric coefficients, there are substantially larger differences in the effective elastic coefficient. Specifically, the <span class="hlt">odd</span> bimesogen is found to have both a low splay elastic coefficient and a very low bend elastic coefficient which, when combined, results in a significantly lower effective elastic coefficient and consequently a higher flexoelastic ratio.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Atkinson, Katie L.; Morris, Stephen M.; Castles, Flynn; Qasim, Malik M.; Gardiner, Damian J.; Coles, Harry J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">83</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=CODES+AND+NUMERIC&id=EJ774256"> <span id="translatedtitle">When Is an <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Number Not <span class="hlt">Odd</span>? Influence of Task Rule on the MARC Effect for Numeric Classification</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">When classifying numbers as <span class="hlt">odd</span> or even with left-right keypresses, performance is better with the mapping even-right/<span class="hlt">odd</span>-left than with the opposite mapping. This linguistic markedness association of response codes (MARC) effect has been attributed to compatibility between the linguistic markedness of stimulus and response codes. In 2 experiments…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cho, Yang Seok; Proctor, Robert W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">84</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvA..86b2115M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Proposed search for T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even interactions in spectra of chaotic atoms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Violation of fundamental symmetries in atoms is the subject of intense experimental and theoretical interest. P-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, T-even transitions have been observed and are in excellent agreement with electroweak theory. Searches for permanent electric dipole moments have placed bounds on T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> interactions, constraining proposed extensions to the standard model of elementary particles. Here we propose a search for T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even (TOPE) interactions in atoms. We consider open-shell atoms, such as rare-earth-metal atoms, which have dense, chaotic excitation spectra with strong level repulsion. The strength of the level repulsion depends on the underlying symmetries of the atomic Hamiltonian. TOPE interactions lead to enhanced level repulsion. We demonstrate how a statistical analysis of many chaotic spectra can determine the strength of level repulsion; in particular, the variance of the number of levels in an energy range has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be a useful measure. We estimate that, using frequency comb spectroscopy, a sufficient number of chaotic levels could be measured to match or exceed the current experimental bounds on TOPE interactions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Morrison, Muir J.; Derevianko, Andrei</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">85</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvC..89e4324C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low-lying states in near-magic <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei and the effective interaction</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The iterative quasiparticle random-phase approximation (QRPA) method we previously developed [Phys. Rev. C 81, 034312 (2010), 10.1103/PhysRevC.81.034312; Phys. Rev. C 86, 024303 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevC.86.024303; Phys. Rev. C 86, 014307 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevC.86.014307] to accurately calculate properties of individual nuclear states is extended so that it can be applied for nuclei with <span class="hlt">odd</span> numbers of neutrons and protons. The approach is based on the proton-neutron QRPA (pnQRPA) and uses an iterative non-Hermitian Arnoldi diagonalization method where the QRPA matrix does not have to be explicitly calculated and stored. The method is used to calculate excitation energies of proton-neutron multiplets for several nuclei. The influence of a pairing interaction in the T =0 channel is studied.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Carlsson, B. G.; Toivanen, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">86</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvD..87b5026G"> <span id="translatedtitle">Super Landau models on <span class="hlt">odd</span> cosets</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We construct d=1 sigma models of the Wess-Zumino type on the SU(n|1)/U(n) fermionic cosets. Such models can be regarded as a specific supersymmetric generalization (with a target space supersymmetry) of the classical Landau model, when a charged particle possesses only fermionic coordinates. We consider both classical and quantum models, and we prove the unitarity of the quantum model by introducing the metric operator on the Hilbert space of the quantum states, such that all their norms become positive definite. It is remarkable that the quantum n=2 model exhibits hidden SU(2|2) symmetry. We also discuss the planar limit of these models. The Hilbert space in the planar n=2 case is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to carry SU(2|2) symmetry which is different from that of the SU(2|1)/U(1) model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Goykhman, M.; Ivanov, E.; Sidorov, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">87</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23244393"> <span id="translatedtitle">Conners' continuous performance test (CCPT-II) in children with ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, or a combined ADHD/<span class="hlt">ODD</span> diagnosis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The current study investigated if results on the Conners' Continuous Performance Test (CCPT-II) could discriminate between children with ADHD (n = 59), <span class="hlt">ODD</span> (n = 10), ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span> (n = 15), and normal controls (n =160), and how the results are associated with and explained by the intellectual function of the child. The sample was derived from the Bergen Child Study (BCS), a longitudinal, ongoing, population-based study of children's development and mental health. CCPT-II performance did not differentiate between the three diagnostic groups (i.e., ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>). Children with <span class="hlt">ODD</span> (with or without comorbid ADHD) did not differ from children in the control group on any CCPT-II parameters. Children with ADHD made statistically significant more errors of omissions and showed a more variable response time to targets than the control group. The correlations between CCPT-II measures and IQ were mild to moderate, and there was a statistically significant group difference in IQ: Children with ADHD, and children with ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>, obtained lower IQ scores than normal controls. A hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that IQ, but not diagnostic group status, was significant predictors of CCPT-II performance. CCPT-II performance should be interpreted with caution when assessing ADHD and/or <span class="hlt">ODD</span> in children. PMID:23244393</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Munkvold, Linda H; Manger, Terje; Lundervold, Astri J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">88</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=GL-2002-002279&hterms=2002&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3D%25222002%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> cloud in the Ross Sea, Antarctica</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">On January 28, 2002, MODIS captured this image of an interesting cloud formation in the boundary waters between Antarctica's Ross Sea and the Southern Ocean. A dragon? A snake? A fish? No, but it is an interesting example of the atmospheric <span class="hlt">physics</span> of convection. The 'eye' of this dragon-looking cloud is likely a small spot of convection, the process by which hot moist air rises up into the atmosphere, often producing big, fluffy clouds as moisture in the air condenses as rises into the colder parts of the atmosphere. A false color analysis that shows different kinds of clouds in different colors reveals that the eye is composed of ice crystals while the 'body' is a liquid water cloud. This suggests that the eye is higher up in the atmosphere than the body. The most likely explanation for the eye feature is that the warm, rising air mass had enough buoyancy to punch through the liquid water cloud. As a convective parcel of air rises into the atmosphere, it pushes the colder air that is higher up out of its way. That cold air spills down over the sides of the convective air mass, and in this case has cleared away part of the liquid cloud layer below in the process. This spilling over of cold air from higher up in the atmosphere is the reason why thunderstorms are often accompanied by a cool breeze. Credit: Jacques Descloitres, MODIS Land Rapid Response Team, NASA/GSFC</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">89</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_145878.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Could More Coffee Lower Your <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Diabetes?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... on this page, please enable JavaScript. Could More Coffee Lower Your <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Diabetes? Yes, says study, ... THURSDAY, April 24, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Drinking more coffee might lower your risk for type 2 diabetes, ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">90</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_146672.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Text Messages May Double Smoker's <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Quitting</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... page, please enable JavaScript. Text Messages May Double Smoker's <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Quitting Cellphone reminders and encouragement help people stick to smoke-free goal, study finds (*this news item will ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">91</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_145895.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Smoking, Drinking Combo Raises <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Esophageal Cancer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Smoking, Drinking Combo Raises <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Esophageal Cancer Study ... 25, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Alcohol Esophageal Cancer Smoking FRIDAY, April 25, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- People who ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">92</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_147090.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">C-Section May Raise <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Failed Pregnancy Later</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. C-Section May Raise <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Failed Pregnancy Later: ... release. While the study finds an association between c-sections and failed pregnancies, it does not prove ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">93</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_145693.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Obesity Linked to Increased <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Losing Baby, Study Finds</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Obesity Linked to Increased <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Losing Baby, Study ... Related MedlinePlus Pages Health Problems in Pregnancy Miscarriage Obesity TUESDAY, April 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Women who ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">94</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21409506"> <span id="translatedtitle">T-parity <span class="hlt">odd</span> heavy leptons at the LHC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Little Higgs models with T parity can easily satisfy electroweak precision tests and at the same time give a stable particle which is a candidate for cold dark matter. In addition to little Higgs heavy gauge bosons, this type of model predicts a set of new T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fermions, which may show quite interesting signatures at colliders. We study purely leptonic signatures of T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> leptons at the (LHC.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cacciapaglia, Giacomo; Deandrea, Aldo; Choudhury, S. Rai; Gaur, Naveen [Universite de Lyon (France); Universite Lyon 1, CNRS/IN2P3, UMR5822 IPNL, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France); Center for Theoretical Physics (CTP), Jamia Millia University, Delhi, and Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER), Govindpura, Bhopal (India); Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi - 110007 (India)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">95</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7035741"> <span id="translatedtitle">New limits on T -<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P -even interactions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We discuss new strict upper limits on the {ital T}-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, {ital P}-even electron-electron, electron-nucleon, and nucleon-nucleon interactions which follow from the limits on the electron and neutron electric dipole moments. We also consider searches for {ital T}-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, {ital P}-even interactions with atomic radiative transitions in positronium (electron-electron) and other atoms (electron-nucleon).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Conti, R.S. (Department of Physics, The Univerity of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)); Khriplovich, I.B. (Institute of Nuclear Physics, 630 090, Novosibirsk (USSR))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">96</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4101757"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> of death after glioblastoma diagnosis in the United States by chemotherapeutic era</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Bevacizumab (BZM) and temozolomide (TMZ) have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be beneficial in the treatment of patients with glioblastoma. We sought evidence for the benefit of BZM in the general patient population at large. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results SEER database was queried for patients diagnosed with glioblastoma between 2000 and 2009, divided into a pre-TMZ era (January 2000–June 2003), a transitional era (July 2003–March 2005), a TMZ era (April 2005–October 2007), and a BZM-TMZ era (November 2007–December 2009). Binomial logit regression analyzed <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death, taking into account age at diagnosis, tumor size, gender, race, marital status, radiotherapy, and extensive surgery. Compared with the pre-TMZ era, <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death were decreased in the TMZ era by 12% (97.5% CI [confidence interval] 3–20%) 6 months after diagnosis and 36% (30–42%) a year after diagnosis; corresponding values for BZM-TMZ were 31% (24–37%) and 50% (45–55%). For era comparisons, decreases in <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death were larger at 12 than 6 months; the opposite was true for extensive surgery and radiotherapy (P < 0.025, Wald ?2 test, for each analysis). For both 6 and 12 month comparisons, <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death in the BZM-TMZ era were lower than in the TMZ era (P < 0.025, Wald ?2 test, for each analysis). The results provide evidence that TMZ positively impacted survival of glioblastoma patients and that the addition of BZM further improved survival, this lends support to the addition of BZM to the chemotherapeutic armamentarium. Evaluation of <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death is an attractive alternative to Cox regression when proportional hazards assumptions are violated and follow-up is good.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wachtel, Mitchell S; Yang, Shengping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">97</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24610705"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> of death after glioblastoma diagnosis in the United States by chemotherapeutic era.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Bevacizumab (BZM) and temozolomide (TMZ) have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be beneficial in the treatment of patients with glioblastoma. We sought evidence for the benefit of BZM in the general patient population at large. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results SEER database was queried for patients diagnosed with glioblastoma between 2000 and 2009, divided into a pre-TMZ era (January 2000-June 2003), a transitional era (July 2003-March 2005), a TMZ era (April 2005-October 2007), and a BZM-TMZ era (November 2007-December 2009). Binomial logit regression analyzed <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death, taking into account age at diagnosis, tumor size, gender, race, marital status, radiotherapy, and extensive surgery. Compared with the pre-TMZ era, <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death were decreased in the TMZ era by 12% (97.5% CI [confidence interval] 3-20%) 6 months after diagnosis and 36% (30-42%) a year after diagnosis; corresponding values for BZM-TMZ were 31% (24-37%) and 50% (45-55%). For era comparisons, decreases in <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death were larger at 12 than 6 months; the opposite was true for extensive surgery and radiotherapy (P < 0.025, Wald ?(2) test, for each analysis). For both 6 and 12 month comparisons, <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death in the BZM-TMZ era were lower than in the TMZ era (P < 0.025, Wald ?(2) test, for each analysis). The results provide evidence that TMZ positively impacted survival of glioblastoma patients and that the addition of BZM further improved survival, this lends support to the addition of BZM to the chemotherapeutic armamentarium. Evaluation of <span class="hlt">odds</span> of death is an attractive alternative to Cox regression when proportional hazards assumptions are violated and follow-up is good. PMID:24610705</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wachtel, Mitchell S; Yang, Shengping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">98</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3440240"> <span id="translatedtitle">On cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for multivariate competing risks data</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio is defined as the ratio of the conditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> of the occurrence of one cause-specific event for one subject given the occurrence of the same or a different cause-specific event for another subject in the same cluster over the unconditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> of occurrence of the cause-specific event. It is a measure of the association between the correlated cause-specific failure times within a cluster. The joint cumulative incidence function can be expressed as a function of the marginal cumulative incidence functions and the cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio. Assuming that the marginal cumulative incidence functions follow a generalized semiparametric model, this paper studies the parametric regression modeling of the cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio. A set of estimating equations are proposed for the unknown parameters and the asymptotic properties of the estimators are explored. Non-parametric estimation of the cross-<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio is also discussed. The proposed procedures are applied to the Danish twin data to model the associations between twins in their times to natural menopause and to investigate whether the association differs among monozygotic and dizygotic twins and how these associations have changed over time.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scheike, Thomas H.; Sun, Yanqing</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">99</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/6427215"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> harmonic generation of ultra-intense laser pulses reflected from an overdense plasma</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method of generating <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonics from an intense laser incident upon a sharp vacuum-overdense plasma interface is presented. One and two-dimensional simulations are used to investigate the interaction of ultra-intense laser pulses with a sharp vacuum-plasma interface. With an intensity greater than 10[sup 18] W/cm[sup 2], these pulses have a pressure greater than 10[sup 3] Mbars creating large density oscillations and relativistic electron velocities at the surface. This results in efficient <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonic generation. The authors present a <span class="hlt">physical</span> model for this harmonic generation mechanism, and some scaling of the power in the third harmonic. This is compared with relativistic particle-in-cell simulations that include mobile and immobile ions, as well as a variety of upper shelf densities. A discussion on how ion profile modifications influence the harmonics is also presented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wilks, S.; Kruer, W.L. (Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (United States)); Mori, W.B. (Univ. of California, Los Angeles (United States))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">100</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21499454"> <span id="translatedtitle">Characterization of isomers in the neutron-rich <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 156}Pm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Critical examination of the experimental data from {sup 156}Nd and {sup 156}Pm {beta} decays and the observed location of relevant neutron and proton orbitals in the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A isotones and isotopes, taken together with the low-lying two-quasiparticle (2qp) structures expected in {sup 156}Pm from the rotor-particle model, lead to the conclusion that a consistent description of all the available data is achieved with the I{sup {pi}}=4{sup +} spin-parity assignment to the 26.7s {sup 156}Pm ground state (g.s.) and assignment of I{sup {pi}}=1{sup +} to its 150.3-keV isomer with the 2qp configuration 4{sub g.s.}{sup +}{l_brace}p{sub o}:5/2[532{up_arrow}]{+-}n{sub o}:3/2[521{up_arrow}]{r_brace}1{sub 150}{sup +}. In the process, a two-neutron configuration is also suggested for the 1509-keV 4{sup +} level in the daughter nucleus {sup 156}Sm. The present analysis reiterates the important question of whether the {beta}-decay log ft value, by itself, can be employed to deduce the relative parity of the {beta}-connected states.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sood, P. C.; Gowrishankar, R; Sai, K. Vijay [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515 134 (India); Sainath, M. [Department of Physics, Sri Sathya Sai Institute of Higher Learning, Prasanthi Nilayam (AP) 515 134 (India); Department of Physics, Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Hyderabad (AP) 500 032 (India)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a 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showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">101</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7211829"> <span id="translatedtitle">The validity of approximation methods for interval estimation of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The validity of a confidence interval is determined by the probability that the random interval covers the true parameter value. A valid interval will have coverage probabilities at least as large as the confidence coefficient for all values of the parameter. The validity of three methods for constructing an approximate confidence interval on the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio parameter for 2 X 2 tables is examined in the conditional hypergeometric sampling situation. Two examples are <span class="hlt">shown</span> for which Cornfield's method is seen to be valid over a fairly wide range of true <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios, while the methods of Miettinen and Woolf are often found to be invalid. A number of other examples are studied with qualitatively similar results. PMID:7211829</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, C C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">102</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/55404181"> <span id="translatedtitle">On a simplified effective neutron-proton interaction including core-polarization effects for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> deformed nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is well known that the description of <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> deformed nuclei is not satisfactory if the usual one-parameter delta-force is used as the residual neutron-proton interaction. In this letter we show that, starting with a simple delta force, an improvement can be obtained which takes into account polarization effects of the core, as well as possible tensor and spin-orbit force</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">J. P. Boisson; W. Ogle; R. Piepenbring</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1974-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">103</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvB..89r4505H"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-frequency pairing effect on the superfluid density and the Pauli spin susceptibility in spatially nonuniform spin-singlet superconductors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A theoretical study is presented on the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency spin-singlet pairing that arises in nonuniform even-frequency superconductors as a consequence of broken translation symmetry. The effect of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency pairing on the superfluid density and the spin susceptibility is analyzed by using the quasiclassical theory of superconductivity. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that (1) the superfluid density is reduced by the formation of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency singlet pairs and (2) the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency pairing increases the spin susceptibility even though its spin symmetry is singlet. The two unusual phenomena are related to each other through a generalized Yosida formula by taking into account both the even- and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency pairing effects.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Higashitani, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">104</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23215318"> <span id="translatedtitle">Spin-orbit locking as a protection mechanism of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity superconducting state against disorder.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Unconventional superconductors host a plethora of interesting <span class="hlt">physical</span> phenomena. However, the standard theory of superconductors suggests that unconventional pairing is highly sensitive to disorder, and hence can only be observed in ultraclean systems. We find that due to an emergent chiral symmetry, spin-orbital locking can parametrically suppress pair decoherence introduced by impurity scattering in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity superconductors. Our work demonstrates that disorder is not an obstacle to realize <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity superconductivity in materials with strong spin-orbit coupling. PMID:23215318</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Michaeli, Karen; Fu, Liang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">105</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3146928"> <span id="translatedtitle">Use of prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> for missing persons identifications</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Identification of missing persons from mass disasters is based on evaluation of a number of variables and observations regarding the combination of features derived from these variables. DNA typing now is playing a more prominent role in the identification of human remains, and particularly so for highly decomposed and fragmented remains. The strength of genetic associations, by either direct or kinship analyses, is often quantified by calculating a likelihood ratio. The likelihood ratio can be multiplied by prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> based on nongenetic evidence to calculate the posterior <span class="hlt">odds</span>, that is, by applying Bayes' Theorem, to arrive at a probability of identity. For the identification of human remains, the path creating the set and intersection of variables that contribute to the prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> needs to be appreciated and well defined. Other than considering the total number of missing persons, the forensic DNA community has been silent on specifying the elements of prior <span class="hlt">odds</span> computations. The variables include the number of missing individuals, eyewitness accounts, anthropological features, demographics and other identifying characteristics. The assumptions, supporting data and reasoning that are used to establish a prior probability that will be combined with the genetic data need to be considered and justified. Otherwise, data may be unintentionally or intentionally manipulated to achieve a probability of identity that cannot be supported and can thus misrepresent the uncertainty with associations. The forensic DNA community needs to develop guidelines for objectively computing prior <span class="hlt">odds</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">106</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1984PhRvC..29.1101S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fine structure in nuclear fission charge distribution yields and the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even charge effects as the dynamical fragmentation process</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The fragmentation theory is used to study the fine structure effects in nuclear fission charge distribution yields. The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even proton effects as well as the resulting non-Gaussian charge distributions are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be given satisfactorily, without use of any free parameter. Calculations are made for light mass products 98, 100, 102, and 104 due to thermal neutron induced fission of 235U. [NUCLEAR REACTIONS, FISSION Charge distributions, non-Gaussian, fine structure, <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even proton effects, post saddle shape, fragmentation dynamics, light mass chains, 236U.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Saroha, D. R.; Gupta, Raj K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">107</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009PhRvB..79a2405P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in finite Heisenberg spin chains</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Magnetic superlattices and nanowires may be described as Heisenberg spin chains of finite length N , where N is the number of magnetic units (films or atoms, respectively). We study antiferromagnetically coupled spins which are also coupled to an external field H (superlattices) or to a ferromagnetic substrate (nanowires). The model is analyzed through a two-dimensional map which allows fast and reliable numerical calculations. Both open and closed chains have different properties for even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> N (parity effect). Open chains with <span class="hlt">odd</span> N are known [S. Lounis , Phys. Rev. Lett. 101, 107204 (2008)] to have a ferrimagnetic state for small N and a noncollinear state for large N . In the present Brief Report, the transition length Nc is found analytically. Finally, we show that closed chains arrange themselves in the uniform bulk spin-flop state for even N and in nonuniform states for <span class="hlt">odd</span> N .</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Politi, Paolo; Pini, Maria Gloria</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">108</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013APS..MARB29011P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fluctuation theorems and entropy production with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show that the total entropy production in stochastic processes with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables (under time reversal) is separated into three parts, only two of which satisfy the integral fluctuation theorems in general. One is the usual excess contribution, which can appear only transiently and is called non-adiabatic. Another one is attributed solely to the breakage of detailed balance. The last part not satisfying the fluctuation theorem comes from the steady-state distribution asymmetry for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables, which is activated in a non-transient manner. The latter two parts combine together as the house-keeping (adiabatic) contribution, whose positivity is not guaranteed except when the excess contribution completely vanishes. Our finding reveals that the equilibrium requires the steady-state distribution symmetry for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables independently, in addition to the usual detailed balance.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Park, Hyunggyu; Lee, Hyun Keun; Kwon, Chulan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">109</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvL.110e0602L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fluctuation Theorems and Entropy Production with <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Parity Variables</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show that the total entropy production in stochastic processes with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables (under time reversal) is separated into three parts, only two of which satisfy the integral fluctuation theorems in general. One is the usual excess contribution that can appear only transiently and is called nonadiabatic. Another one is attributed solely to the breakage of detailed balance. The last part that does not satisfy the fluctuation theorem comes from the steady-state distribution asymmetry for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables that is activated in a nontransient manner. The latter two parts combine together as the housekeeping (adiabatic) contribution, whose positivity is not guaranteed except when the excess contribution completely vanishes. Our finding reveals that the equilibrium requires the steady-state distribution symmetry for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables independently, in addition to the usual detailed balance.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lee, Hyun Keun; Kwon, Chulan; Park, Hyunggyu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">110</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvX...3c1004H"> <span id="translatedtitle">Iron-Based Superconductors as <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Parity Superconductors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parity is a fundamental quantum number used to classify a state of matter. Materials rarely possess ground states with <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity. We show that the superconducting state in iron-based superconductors is classified as an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity s-wave spin-singlet pairing state in a single trilayer FeAs/Se, the building block of the materials. In a low-energy effective model constructed on the Fe square bipartite lattice, the superconducting order parameter in this state is a combination of an s-wave normal pairing between two sublattices and an s-wave ? pairing within the sublattices. The state has a fingerprint with a real-space sign inversion between the top and bottom As/Se layers. The results suggest that iron-based superconductors are a new quantum state of matter, and the measurement of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity can help to establish high-temperature superconducting mechanisms.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hu, Jiangping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">111</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007NuPhA.781....1N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Charge distribution studies in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>- Z fissioning systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Charge distribution studies have been carried out in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>- Z fissioning systems by determining the isobaric and isotopic yields for heavy mass fission products in the fast neutron induced fission of 237Np, 241Am and 243Am using radiochemical and gamma ray spectrometric technique. From the yields data the width parameter ( ?/?), the most probable charge (Z)/mass ( A) as well as the elemental yields ( Y) of Sn, Sb, Te, I, Xe, Cs, Ba, La, Ce and Pr were deduced. From the elemental yields local even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects for proton ( D) were obtained in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>- Z fissioning systems. The charge polarization (? Z) as a function of fragment mass ( A), the slope of charge polarization with mass asymmetry [ ?(?Z)/?A] and average isobaric dispersion parameter ( <?>) were also obtained for these fissioning systems. The ?(?Z)/?A, <?>, D and Y of various elements in the above three fissioning systems were determined for the first time. These data in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>- Z fissioning systems (e.g. 238,239Np * and 242,244Am *) from present and earlier work are compared with the literature data for other <span class="hlt">odd</span>- Z fissioning systems (e.g. 212-226Ac * and 224-232Pa *) and even- Z fissioning systems (e.g. 217-233Th *, 230-239U *, 239-242Pu *, 244Cm(SF), 245,246Cm *, 250Cf * and 252Cf(SF)) to examine the role of nuclear structure effect (e.g. even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effect and shell effect). The dynamics of descent from saddle to point of neck formation and from the latter to the scission point are also discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Naik, H.; Dange, S. P.; Reddy, A. V. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">112</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvE..84a6214F"> <span id="translatedtitle">Towards easier realization of time-delayed feedback control of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number orbits</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We develop generalized time-delayed feedback schemes for the stabilization of periodic orbits with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of positive Floquet exponents, which are particularly well suited for experimental realization. We construct the parameter regimes of successful control and validate these by numerical simulations and numerical continuation methods. In particular, it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> how periodic orbits can be stabilized with symmetric feedback matrices by introducing an additional latency time in the control loop. Finally, we show using normal form analysis and numerical simulations how our results could be implemented in a laser setup using optoelectronic feedback.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Flunkert, V.; Schöll, E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">113</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=carryover&pg=5&id=ED543209"> <span id="translatedtitle">Despite the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: The Contentious Politics of Education Reform</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">"Despite the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>" poses an important question: How can we account for successful policy reform initiatives when the political cards are stacked against change? Theories of politics usually predict that reform initiatives will be unsuccessful when powerful groups are opposed to change and institutions are biased against it. This book, however,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Grindle, Merilee S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">114</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=PAO&pg=4&id=EJ481941"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relevance <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Retrieval Overlaps from Seven Search Fields.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discussion of retrieval overlap and relevant overlap focuses on an analysis of data from an earlier study on overlap among document representations. This new analysis investigated the <span class="hlt">odds</span> that an item was judged relevant when it was retrieved by two search fields as opposed to being retrieved by only one field. (Contains 17 references.) (LRW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pao, Miranda Lee</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">115</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000EPJA....7..377N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fission fragment angular momentum in <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Z fissioning systems</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Independent isomeric yield ratios of 128Sb, 130Sb, 132, 131Te, 133Te, 132I, 134I, 136I, 135Xe and 138Cs have been determined in the fast neutron induced fission of 237Np and 241Am using radiochemical and gamma spectrometric technique. From the independent isomeric yield ratios, fragment angular momenta (Jrms) have been deduced using spin-dependent statistical model analysis. Comparison of these data with the literature data for even-Z fissioning systems shows the following important features: (i) Angular momenta for fragments with spherical 82n shell and even-Z products are lower compared to the fragments with out the 82n shell and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z products indicating the effect of nuclear structure. (ii) Angular momentum of even-Z products in all the fissioning systems are comparable where as for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z products it is slightly higher in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z fissioning systems than in the adjacent even-Z fissioning systems. This indicates the role of single particle on fragment angular momentum in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z fissioning systems.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Naik, H.; Dange, S. P.; Singh, R. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">116</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=number+AND+children+AND+poverty&pg=4&id=EJ749455"> <span id="translatedtitle">Struggling Readers: High-Poverty Schools that Beat the <span class="hlt">Odds</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Poverty is a strong predictor of lack of academic success in reading, and schools serving high-poverty populations are more likely to show weak performance in high-stakes tests. But some schools manage to beat these <span class="hlt">odds</span>, with students outperforming peers from more advantaged neighborhoods. Why? The author showcases six high-poverty schools where…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cunningham, Patricia M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">117</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17723063"> <span id="translatedtitle">When is an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number not <span class="hlt">odd</span>? Influence of task rule on the MARC effect for numeric classification.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">When classifying numbers as <span class="hlt">odd</span> or even with left-right keypresses, performance is better with the mapping even-right/<span class="hlt">odd</span>-left than with the opposite mapping. This linguistic markedness association of response codes (MARC) effect has been attributed to compatibility between the linguistic markedness of stimulus and response codes. In 2 experiments participants made keypresses to the Arabic numerals or number words 3, 4, 8, and 9 using the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even parity rule or a multiple-of-3 rule, which yield the same keypress response for each stimulus. For both stimulus modes, the MARC effect was obtained with the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even rule, but tended to reverse with the multiple-of-3 rule. The reversal was complete for the right response, but task rule had little influence on the left response. The results are consistent with the view that the MARC effect and its reversal are caused by correspondence of the stimulus code designated as positive by the task rule with the positive-polarity right response code. PMID:17723063</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cho, Yang Seok; Proctor, Robert W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">118</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013EPJP..128..122D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Origin of the tail in Green's functions in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-dimensional space-times</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is well known that the scalar field Green's function in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions has a tail, i.e. a non-zero support inside the light cone, which in turn implies that the Huygens' principle is violated. However, the reason behind this behavior is still not quite clear. In this paper we shed more light on the <span class="hlt">physical</span> origin of the tail by regularizing the term which is usually ignored in the literature since it vanishes due to the action of the delta function. With this extra term the Green's function does not satisfy the source-free wave equation (in the region outside of the source). We show that this term corresponds to a charge imprinted on the light-cone shell. Unlike the vector field charge, a moving scalar field charge is not Lorentz invariant and is contracted by a factor. If a scalar charge is moving at the speed of light, it appears to be zero in the static (with respect to the original <span class="hlt">physical</span> charge) observer's frame. However, the field it sources is not entirely on the light cone. Thus, it is likely that this hidden charge sources the mysterious tail in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dai, De-Chang; Stojkovic, Dejan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">119</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2943572"> <span id="translatedtitle">Analysis of Cure Rate Survival Data Under Proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">SUMMARY Due to significant progress in cancer treatments and management in survival studies involving time to relapse (or death), we often need survival models with cured fraction to account for the subjects enjoying prolonged survival. Our article presents a new proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> survival models with a cured fraction using a special hierarchical structure of the latent factors activating cure. This new model has same important differences with classical proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> survival models and existing cure-rate survival models. We demonstrate the implementation of Bayesian data analysis using our model with data from the SEER (Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results) database of the National Cancer Institute. Particularly aimed at survival data with cured fraction, we present a novel Bayes method for model comparisons and assessments, and demonstrate our new tool’s superior performance and advantages over competing tools.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gu, Yu; Sinha, Debajyoti; Banerjee, Sudipto</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">120</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20093666"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> parity transport with internal voids</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> parity form of the transport equation is well suited for finite element (FE) solutions because the resulting problem is symmetric positive definite (SPD) and can, therefore, be solved with highly efficient conjugate gradient (CG) algorithms with Galerkin FE. The authors have been investigating a new approach for solving the transport equation: a simultaneous space/direction solution instead of the traditional source iteration approach. For problems containing internal void regions, the even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> parity form breaks down. They investigate a method for handling internal voids, using the classic Reed problem for the evaluation. Although the Reed problem is one-dimensional, the method is valid for multidimensional problems as well.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drumm, C.R.; Fan, W.C.; Lorenz, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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showDiv("page_8");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">121</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22503502"> <span id="translatedtitle">Predator fitness increases with selectivity for <span class="hlt">odd</span> prey.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The fundamental currency of normative models of animal decision making is Darwinian fitness. In foraging ecology, empirical studies typically assess foraging strategies by recording energy intake rates rather than realized reproductive performance. This study provides a rare empirical link, in a vertebrate predator-prey system, between a predator's foraging behavior and direct measures of its reproductive fitness. Goshawks Accipiter gentilis selectively kill rare color variants of their principal prey, the feral pigeon Columba livia, presumably because targeting <span class="hlt">odd</span>-looking birds in large uniform flocks helps them overcome confusion effects and enhances attack success. Reproductive performance of individual hawks increases significantly with their selectivity for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-colored pigeons, even after controlling for confounding age effects. Older hawks exhibit more pronounced dietary preferences, suggesting that hunting performance improves with experience. Intriguingly, although negative frequency-dependent predation by hawks exerts strong selection against rare pigeon phenotypes, pigeon color polymorphism is maintained through negative assortative mating. PMID:22503502</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rutz, Christian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">122</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title21-vol7/pdf/CFR-2011-title21-vol7-sec610-63.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">21 CFR 610.63 - Divided manufacturing responsibility to be <span class="hlt">shown</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...Drugs 7 2011-04-01 2010-04-01 true Divided manufacturing responsibility to be <span class="hlt">shown</span>. 610.63 Section 610...PRODUCTS STANDARDS Labeling Standards § 610.63 Divided manufacturing responsibility to be <span class="hlt">shown</span>. If two or more...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">123</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2010-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2010-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2010 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2010-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">124</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2012-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2012-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2012&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2012 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2012-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">125</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2011-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2011-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">126</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/61372679"> <span id="translatedtitle">Generalized seniority scheme for bands in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The microscopic generalized seniority scheme is applied for the description of bands in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei. A perturbation expansion in terms of the core-particle interaction is performed. The first-order correction for the band head and the first member of the band is discussed. The specific band structure of a given nucleus, as well as the systematic trend of bands, is described</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. Gai; A. Arima; D. Strottman</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">127</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/49144858"> <span id="translatedtitle">Monolayer structures of alkyl aldehydes: <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-membered homologues</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Crystalline monolayers of three aldehydes with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of carbon atoms in the alkyl chain (C7, C9 and C11) at low coverages are observed by a combination of X-ray and neutron diffraction. Analysis of the diffraction data is discussed and possible monolayer crystal structures are proposed; although unique structures could not be ascertained for all molecules. We conclude that</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">T. K. Phillips; S. M. Clarke; T. Bhinde; M. A. Castro; C. Millan; S. Medina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">128</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/n1mjg7856k2w25l6.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parent–Adolescent Conflict in Teenagers with ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Eighty-seven male teens (ages 12–18 years) with ADHD\\/<span class="hlt">ODD</span> and their parents were compared to 32 male teens and their parents in a community control (CC) group on mother, father, and teen ratings of parent–teen conflict and communication quality, parental self-reports of psychological adjustment, and direct observations of parent–teen problem-solving interactions during a neutral and conflict discussion. Parents and teens in</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gwenyth Edwards; Russell A. Barkley; Margaret Laneri; Kenneth Fletcher; Lori Metevia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">129</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PPN....45...59L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Chiral-<span class="hlt">odd</span> TMDs in Drell-Yan processes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We calculate the Boer-Mulders function of the pion by applying the MIT bag model, and compare the result with that from the spectator model. We then study the azimuthal asymmetries contributed by the chiral-<span class="hlt">odd</span> transverse momentum distributions in pion-nucleon Drell-Yan process at COMPASS and in proton-proton Drell-Yan process at RHIC, J-PARC, E906 and NICA.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lu, Zhun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">130</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/16316688"> <span id="translatedtitle">Small Sample Confidence Intervals for the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Numerous methods—based on exact and asymptotic distributions—can be used to obtain confidence intervals for the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio in 2 × 2 tables. We examine ten methods for generating these intervals based on coverage probability, closeness of coverage probability to target, and length of confidence intervals. Based on these criteria, Cornfield’s method, without the continuity correction, performed the best of the methods examined</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Raef Lawson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">131</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013IJTP...52.3564R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Non-classical Properties of State Generated by the Superposition of Photon-Added Even/<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Coherent States</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Non-classical state, which is a production of the superposition of photon-added even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> coherent states (SPAEOCS), is introduced. We discussed the mathematical and <span class="hlt">physical</span> character of such state. It is found that the normalization constant of SPAEOCS is a laguerre polynomial. The quasi-probability distributions and the distribution of the quadrature are studied. We find the negative values of the Wigner function of the SPAEOCS, which shows the SPAEOCS is a non-Gaussian state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ren, Gang; Du, Jian-ming; Yu, Hai-jun; Zhang, Xiu-Lan; Xu, Ye-jun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">132</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PTEP.2014D05302"> <span id="translatedtitle">Three-body model calculations for N = Z <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei with T = 0 and T = 1 pairing correlations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study the interplay between the isoscalar (T = 0) and isovector (T = 1) pairing correlations in N = Z <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei from ^{14}N to ^{58}Cu by using three-body model calculations. The spin-triplet T = 0 pairing correlation dominates in the ground states of ^{14}N, ^{18}F, ^{30}P, and ^{58}Cu with the spin-parity J^{? } = 1^+, which can be well reproduced by the present calculations. The magnetic dipole and Gamow-Teller transitions are found to be strong in ^{18}F and ^{42}Sc as a manifestation of SU(4) symmetry in the spin-isospin space. We also discuss the spin-quadrupole transitions in these nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tanimura, Y.; Sagawa, H.; Hagino, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">133</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21064341"> <span id="translatedtitle">High-spin isomeric structures in exotic <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei: Exploration of the proton drip line and beyond</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate the role of two-quasiparticle isomeric states along the proton drip line, using configuration-constrained potential-energy-surface calculations. In contrast to even-even nuclei, <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei can have coexisting low-lying two-quasiparticle states. The low excitation energy and high angular momentum can lead to long-lived isomers. Also, because of the hindrance by spin selection, the probabilities of {beta} and proton decays from high-spin isomers can be reduced significantly. The present calculations reproduce reasonably well the available data for observed isomers in such nuclei. Unobserved high-spin isomers are predicted, which could be useful for future experimental studies of exotic nuclei at and beyond the proton drip line.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, H. L. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Xu, F. R. [State Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Center for Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory for Heavy Ion Physics, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Xu, S. W. [Institute of Modern Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Wyss, R. [AlbaNova University Center, KTH (Royal Institute of Technology), S-106 91 Stockholm (Sweden); Walker, P. M. [Department of Physics, University of Surrey, Guildford, Surrey GU2 7XH (United Kingdom)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-09-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">134</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvC..86c5505C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Search for a T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even triple correlation in neutron decay</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Time-reversal-invariance violation, or equivalently CP violation, may explain the observed cosmological baryon asymmetry as well as indicate <span class="hlt">physics</span> beyond the Standard Model. In the decay of polarized neutrons, the triple correlation D<J?n>/Jn·(??e×p??) is a parity-even, time-reversal-<span class="hlt">odd</span> observable that is uniquely sensitive to the relative phase of the axial-vector amplitude with respect to the vector amplitude. The triple correlation is also sensitive to possible contributions from scalar and tensor amplitudes. Final-state effects contribute to D at the level of 10-5 and can be calculated with a precision of 1% or better.Purpose: We have improved the sensitivity to T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even interactions in nuclear ? decay.Methods: We measured proton-electron coincidences from decays of longitudinally polarized neutrons with a highly symmetric detector array designed to cancel the time-reversal-even, parity-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Standard-Model contributions to polarized neutron decay. Over 300 million proton-electron coincidence events were used to extract D and study systematic effects in a blind analysis.Results: We find D=[-0.94±1.89(stat)±0.97(sys)]×10-4. This differs from the result of our recent paper [Phys. Rev. Lett.PRLTAO0031-900710.1103/PhysRevLett.107.102301 107, 102301 (2011)] due to refinement of corrections for background and backscattering.Conclusions: This is the most sensitive measurement of D in nuclear ? decay. Our result can be interpreted as a measurement of the phase of the ratio of the axial-vector and vector coupling constants (CA/CV=|?|ei?AV) with ?AV=180.012?±0.028? (68% confidence level). This result can also be used to constrain time-reversal-violating scalar and tensor interactions that arise in certain extensions to the Standard Model such as leptoquarks.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chupp, T. E.; Cooper, R. L.; Coulter, K. P.; Freedman, S. J.; Fujikawa, B. K.; García, A.; Jones, G. L.; Mumm, H. P.; Nico, J. S.; Thompson, A. K.; Trull, C. A.; Wietfeldt, F. E.; Wilkerson, J. F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">135</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19730021604&hterms=Air+Transport&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3DAir%2BTransport"> <span id="translatedtitle">The distribution of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen in the lower stratosphere and possible perturbations caused by stratospheric air transport</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the lower stratosphere a significant production of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen results from the reaction N2O + O(D-1) yields 2NO. Since the transport is relatively slow, <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen builds up with a maximum mixing ratio of 2 x 10 to the minus 8th power at 30 Km. Profiles of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen, for different latitudes, winter and summer, are computed from one-dimensional transport models. Variations with latitude are small. Horizontal transport is therefore not believed to alter our results significantly. In order to evaluate the effect of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen upon the ozone layer, NO(x) profiles are calculated. OH is here a key component, since it converts NO2 to HNO3. In the region where ozone is determined by chemistry rather than by transport (above 25 km), NO2 is found to be relatively abundant. The effect of stratospheric transport on the NO(x) distribution is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to depend critically upon the height of emission. The effect increases by a factor of 5 or more for a change of flight level from 18 km to 23 km. This strong dependence should be duely considered when future stratospheric transport is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Isaksen, I. S. A.; Hesstvedt, E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1973-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">136</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22056129"> <span id="translatedtitle">Type of Diabetes Mellitus and the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Gleason Score 8 to 10 Prostate Cancer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose: It has been recently <span class="hlt">shown</span> that diabetes mellitus (DM) is significantly associated with the likelihood of presenting with high-grade prostate cancer (PCa) or Gleason score (GS) 8 to 10; however, whether this association holds for both Type 1 and 2 DM is unknown. In this study we evaluated whether DM Type 1, 2, or both are associated with high-grade PCa after adjusting for known predictors of high-grade disease. Methods and Materials: Between 1991 and 2010, a total of 15,330 men diagnosed with PCa and treated with radiation therapy were analyzed. A polychotomous logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate whether Type 1 or 2 DM was associated with <span class="hlt">odds</span> of GS 7 or GS 8 to 10 compared with 6 or lower PCa, adjusting for African American race, age, prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level, and digital rectal examination findings. Results: Men with Type 1 DM (adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio [AOR], 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.28-3.27; p = 0.003) or Type 2 DM (AOR, 1.58; 95% CI, 1.26-1.99; p < 0.001) were significantly more likely to be diagnosed with GS 8 to 10 PCa compared with nondiabetic men. However this was not true for GS 7, for which these respective results were AOR, 1.30; 95% CI, 0.93-1.82; p = 0.12 and AOR, 1.13; 95% CI, 0.98-1.32; p = 0.10. Conclusion: Type 1 and 2 DM were associated with a higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> of being diagnosed with Gleason score 8 to 10 but not 7 PCa. Pending validation, men who are diagnosed with Type I DM with GS 7 or lower should be considered for additional workup to rule out occult high-grade disease.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kang, Josephine, E-mail: jkang3@partners.org [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, MA (United States); Chen Minghui; Zhang Yuanye [Department of Statistics, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT (United States); Moran, Brian J. [Prostate Cancer Foundation of Chicago, Westmont, IL (United States); Dosoretz, Daniel E.; Katin, Michael J. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 21 Century Oncology, Inc., Fort Myers, FL (United States); Braccioforte, Michelle H. [Prostate Cancer Foundation of Chicago, Westmont, IL (United States); Salenius, Sharon A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, 21 Century Oncology, Inc., Fort Myers, FL (United States); D'Amico, Anthony V. [Harvard Radiation Oncology Program, Boston, MA (United States); Department of Radiation Oncology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, MA (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">137</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012EGUGA..14.7098V"> <span id="translatedtitle">Precipitating Radiation Belt Electrons and Mesospheric <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Hydrogen</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The significance of the atmospheric effects related to energetic electron precipitation (EEP) from the radiation belts is not well understood. It is known that EEP causes ionization which leads to, e.g., <span class="hlt">odd</span> hydrogen production from water vapour. <span class="hlt">Odd</span> hydrogen catalytically destroys mesospheric ozone which could lead to changes in UV absorption, temperature, and dynamics with possible connections to ground-level climate. However, the assessment of this process and its importance is not straight forward, partly because there are uncertainties related to the current satellite-based electron count rate observations and their usability in atmospheric modelling. Here we use observations of electron count rates (ECR) measured in the radiation belt by the Medium Energy Proton and Electron Detector (MEPED/POES) and hydroxyl (OH) mixing ratios from the Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS/Aura) to show that EEP is significantly affecting mesospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> hydrogen at the magnetic latitudes connected to the outer radiation belt. For example, in March 2005 and April 2006, when high ECR are observed, our results indicate that EEP causes factor-of-two OH increases at 71-78 km altitude and can explain 56-87% of OH variability. On a longer term, analysing the whole MLS OH data set extending from 2004 to 2009 (65 months), we find that 35% of the time there is a clear correlation between ECR and OH in the mesosphere. No significant EEP effect is seen in stratospheric OH. In order to understand the usability of ECR observations in atmospheric modelling, we use the 1-D Sodankylä Ion and Neutral Chemistry model to study the connection between ECR, EEP, and OH.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Verronen, P. T.; Andersson, M. E.; Rodger, C. J.; Clilverd, M. A.; Wang, S.; Carson, B. R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">138</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AdSpR..44.1321S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> cycle parity in complexity of hemispheric sunspot activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have used the Lempel-Ziv measure to describe the complexity in sunspot activity during the solar cycles 18-23. In particular, we examined the time series of daily sunspot numbers in the northern and southern hemispheres in each of the six cycles and calculated the Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC) value for each time series. Our results indicate that in the even cycles, the LZC values of the sunspot numbers in the two hemispheres are very close to each other, whereas in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> cycles they differ significantly between the two hemispheres. We also find that within each hemisphere the LZC varies from cycle to cycle. This even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> cycle parity reflects the variations in inter-hemispheric strengths of the solar magnetic field leading to different temporal distributions of sunspots in the two hemispheres. The degree of complexity may influence the predictability of sunspot activity in the two hemispheres during the various cycles. Although the <span class="hlt">physical</span> implication of the results is not clear, these results may stimulate new ideas into modeling the complex dynamics of the solar dynamo.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sen, Asok K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">139</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23049119"> <span id="translatedtitle">On doubly robust estimation in a semiparametric <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We consider the doubly robust estimation of the parameters in a semiparametric conditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio model. Our estimators are consistent and asymptotically normal in a union model that assumes either of two variation independent baseline functions is correctly modelled but not necessarily both. Furthermore, when either outcome has finite support, our estimators are semiparametric efficient in the union model at the intersection submodel where both nuisance functions models are correct. For general outcomes, we obtain doubly robust estimators that are nearly efficient at the intersection submodel. Our methods are easy to implement as they do not require the use of the alternating conditional expectations algorithm of Chen (2007). PMID:23049119</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tchetgen Tchetgen, Eric J; Robins, James M; Rotnitzky, Andrea</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">140</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.illustrativemathematics.org/illustrations/232"> <span id="translatedtitle">F-BF Identifying Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Functions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: Determine whether each of these functions is <span class="hlt">odd</span>, even, or neither. Use algebraic methods on all of the functions. You may start out by looking at a gr...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return 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href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> </div><!-- page_7 div --> <div id="page_8" class="hiddenDiv"> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a style="font-weight: bold;">8</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#">9</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#">10</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#">11</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#">12</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#">13</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#">14</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#">15</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#">16</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#">17</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#">18</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#">19</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#">20</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">141</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005PhRvC..72e4321L"> <span id="translatedtitle">?-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A 57Ti and 59V</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The ?-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A, neutron-rich 57Ti and 59V are studied. More precise ?-decay half-lives of 98±5 and 97±2 ms are deduced for 57Ti and 59V, respectively. In addition, ?-delayed ?-ray spectroscopy is used to deduce ?-decay branching ratios and establish the low-energy-level structures of the daughter nuclides. The new data for levels in 57V and 59Cr are compared with the results of shell-model calculations completed in the full pf model space. Both 57V and 59Cr show evidence of modest oblate deformation near the ground state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liddick, S. N.; Mantica, P. F.; Broda, R.; Brown, B. A.; Carpenter, M. P.; Davies, A. D.; Fornal, B.; Horoi, M.; Janssens, R. V.; Morton, A. C.; Mueller, W. F.; Pavan, J.; Schatz, H.; Stolz, A.; Tabor, S. L.; Tomlin, B. E.; Wiedeking, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">142</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21352416"> <span id="translatedtitle">Quantized squeezing and even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetry of trapped bosons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate the exact nature of the superfluid-to-Mott-insulator crossover for interacting bosons on an optical lattice in a one-dimensional harmonic trap by high-precision density-matrix renormalization-group calculations. The results reveal an intermediate regime characterized by a cascade of microscopic steps. These arise as a consequence of individual boson 'squeezing' events and display an even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> alternation dependent on the trap symmetry. We discuss the experimental observation of this behavior, which is generic in an external trapping potential.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hu Shijie [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872 (China); Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, Beijing 100080 (China); Wen Yuchuan; Yu Yue [Institute of Theoretical Physics, CAS, Beijing 100080 (China); Normand, B.; Wang Xiaoqun [Department of Physics, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872 (China)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">143</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://people.musc.edu/~elg26/talks/PointEstimation.ppt"> <span id="translatedtitle">Point Estimation: <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios, Hazard Ratios, Risk Differences, Precision</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This site provides a PowerPoint presentation, created by Dr. Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer of Johns Hopkins University, of a lesson and examples of point estimation, <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios, hazard ratios, risk differences and precision. The presentations is quite thorough. The author attempts to define, provide examples of, and then show the application of almost every concept. The presentation follows a easily followed and logical order. Mathematical formulas are intertwined within the slides. If further research is necessary, the author has provided a list of references and cites them during the presentation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Garrett-Mayer, Elizabeth</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-02-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">144</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997APS..APR..N803B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Generalized Seniority Description of <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Mass N=82 Isotones</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We calculate the low-energy properties of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass N=82 isotones using a space of generalized seniority 1 and 3 states for the protons. We include the proton 0g7/2, 1d5/2, 1d3/2, 2s1/2 and 0h11/2 orbitals and use single particle energies and a two-body interaction fitted to the spectra of even-mass N=82 nuclei (O. Scholten and H. Kruse, Phys. Lett. 125B, 113 (1983)). We compare the results with experimental data and discuss the importance of including generalized seniority 3 components.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bennett, Jonathan; Pittel, Stuart; Engel, Jonathan; van Isacker, Piet</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">145</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.illustrativemathematics.org/illustrations/198"> <span id="translatedtitle">A-SSE Sum of Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is a task from the Illustrative Mathematics website that is one part of a complete illustration of the standard to which it is aligned. Each task has at least one solution and some commentary that addresses important asects of the task and its potential use. Here are the first few lines of the commentary for this task: A function $f$ defined for $âa < x < a$ is even if $f(-x) = f(x)$ and is <span class="hlt">odd</span> if $f(-x) = -f(x)$ when $âa < x < a$. In this task we assume $f$ is define...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">146</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhRvC..81a4310S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lifetimes of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-spin yrast states in Hg182</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lifetimes of excited states in Hg182 were extracted from recoil-gated ?-ray spectra and recoil-gated ??-coincidence matrices using the recoil distance Doppler-shift method. States were populated using the Mo96(Sr88,2n)Hg182 fusion-evaporation reaction. Measured lifetimes allowed transition probabilities, transition quadrupole moments, quadrupole deformation parameters, and transition dipole moments to be deduced for the band formed by the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-spin yrast states. The experimental results confirm the low degree of octupole collectivity in this mass region.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scheck, M.; Grahn, T.; Petts, A.; Butler, P. A.; Dewald, A.; Gaffney, L. P.; Hornillos, M. B. Gómez; Görgen, A.; Greenlees, P. T.; Helariutta, K.; Jolie, J.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Kröll, T.; Krücken, R.; Leino, M.; Ljungvall, J.; Maierbeck, P.; Melon, B.; Nyman, M.; Page, R. D.; Pakarinen, J.; Paul, E. S.; Pissulla, Th.; Rahkila, P.; Sarén, J.; Scholey, C.; Semchenkov, A.; Sorri, J.; Uusitalo, J.; Wadsworth, R.; Zieli?ska, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">147</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title38-vol1/pdf/CFR-2013-title38-vol1-sec3-370.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">38 CFR 3.370 - Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2013-07-01 false Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...Specific Diseases § 3.370 Pulmonary tuberculosis <span class="hlt">shown</span> by X-ray in active service...direct service connection for pulmonary tuberculosis. When under...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">148</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2011-title26-vol13/pdf/CFR-2011-title26-vol13-sec1-6151-1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 1.6151-1 - Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2011&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2011 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... 2011-04-01 2011-04-01 false Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns...CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES (CONTINUED) Time and Place for Paying Tax § 1.6151-1 Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">149</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.gpo.gov:80/fdsys/pkg/CFR-2013-title26-vol18/pdf/CFR-2013-title26-vol18-sec301-6151-1.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">26 CFR 301.6151-1 - Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?selectedYearFrom=2013&page.go=Go">Code of Federal Regulations, 2013 CFR</a></p> <p class="result-summary">...2013-04-01 2013-04-01 false Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on returns...ADMINISTRATION PROCEDURE AND ADMINISTRATION Time and Place for Paying Tax Place and Due Date for Payment of Tax § 301.6151-1 Time and place for paying tax <span class="hlt">shown</span> on...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">150</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/390333"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematic study of the fragmentation of low-lying dipole strength in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-{ital A} rare earth nuclei investigated in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments were performed on the rare earth nuclei {sup 155}Gd and {sup 159}Tb to study the fragmentation of the {ital M}1 {ital scissors} {ital mode} in {ital <span class="hlt">odd</span>} deformed nuclei and to establish a kind of systematics. Using the bremsstrahlung photon beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron (end point energy 4.1 MeV) and high resolution Ge-{gamma} spectrometers detailed information was obtained on excitation energies, decay widths, transition probabilities, and branching ratios. The results are compared to those observed recently for the neighboring <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei {sup 161,163}Dy and {sup 157}Gd. Whereas in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Dy isotopes the dipole strength is rather concentrated, both Gd isotopes show a strong fragmentation of the strength into about 25 ({sup 155}Gd) and 90 transitions ({sup 157}Gd) in the energy range 2{endash}4 MeV. The nucleus {sup 159}Tb linking the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Dy and Gd isotopes exhibits an intermediate strength fragmentation. In general the observed total strength in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei is reduced by a factor of 2{endash}3 as compared to their neighboring even-even isotopes. The different fragmentation behavior of the dipole strengths in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Dy and Gd isotopes is unexplained up to now. {copyright} {ital 1996 The American <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society.}</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nord, A.; Schiller, A.; Eckert, T.; Beck, O.; Besserer, J.; von Brentano, P.; Fischer, R.; Herzberg, R.; Jaeger, D.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Maser, H.; Pietralla, N.; Pitz, H.H.; Rittner, M.; Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">151</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21020265"> <span id="translatedtitle">Time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> distribution functions, breaking of long range correlations, and sudden entropy changes, in Drell-Yan high-energy processes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> parton distribution functions in a Drell-Yan process are here studied by examining the evolution of the internal statistical properties of the interacting hadrons. Time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> functions are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be a signature of the irreversible process in which a hadronic state characterized by long range correlation properties (hadronic phase) decays to produce a cloud of independent partons (partonic phase) because of initial/final state interactions. The relevant considered variable is the rate of increase of the entropy of the hadronic system. This quantity is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be roughly equal to the decay rate of the hadronic state. Conditions for getting a leading twist time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effect are established on this basis. Last, the relevant case of a large entropy increase associated with transverse-dominated initial/final state interactions is analyzed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bianconi, A. [Dipartimento di Chimica e Fisica per l'Ingegneria e per i Materiali, Universita di Brescia, I-25123 Brescia (Italy) and Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Sezione di Pavia, I-27100 Pavia (Italy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">152</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013JPhA...46M5302D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multipartite quantum correlations in even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> spin coherent states</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The key ingredient of the approach presented in this paper is the factorization property of SU(2) coherent states upon the splitting or decay of a quantum spin system. In this picture, the even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> spin coherent states are viewed as comprising two, three or more spin sub-systems. From this perspective, we investigate the multipartite quantum correlations defined as the sum of the correlations of all possible bi-partitions. The pairwise quantum correlations are quantified by entanglement of formation and quantum discord. Special attention is devoted to tripartite splitting schemes. We explicitly derive the sum of the entanglement of formation for all possible bi-partitions. It coincides with the sum of all possible occurrences of pairwise quantum discord. The conservation relation between the distribution of entanglement of formation and quantum discord in the tripartite splitting scheme is discussed. We show that entanglement of formation and quantum discord possess the monogamy property for even spin coherent states, in contrast to <span class="hlt">odd</span> ones which violate the monogamy relation when the overlap of the coherent states approaches unity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Daoud, M.; Ahl Laamara, R.; Kaydi, W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">153</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23744517"> <span id="translatedtitle">Inverse <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio-weighted estimation for causal mediation analysis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An important scientific goal of studies in the health and social sciences is increasingly to determine to what extent the total effect of a point exposure is mediated by an intermediate variable on the causal pathway between the exposure and the outcome. A causal framework has recently been proposed for mediation analysis, which gives rise to new definitions, formal identification results and novel estimators of direct and indirect effects. In the present paper, the author describes a new inverse <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio-weighted approach to estimate so-called natural direct and indirect effects. The approach, which uses as a weight the inverse of an estimate of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio function relating the exposure and the mediator, is universal in that it can be used to decompose total effects in a number of regression models commonly used in practice. Specifically, the approach may be used for effect decomposition in generalized linear models with a nonlinear link function, and in a number of other commonly used models such as the Cox proportional hazards regression for a survival outcome. The approach is simple and can be implemented in standard software provided a weight can be specified for each observation. An additional advantage of the method is that it easily incorporates multiple mediators of a categorical, discrete or continuous nature. PMID:23744517</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tchetgen Tchetgen, Eric J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-11-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">154</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2998205"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios for Mediation Analysis for a Dichotomous Outcome</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For dichotomous outcomes, the authors discuss when the standard approaches to mediation analysis used in epidemiology and the social sciences are valid, and they provide alternative mediation analysis techniques when the standard approaches will not work. They extend definitions of controlled direct effects and natural direct and indirect effects from the risk difference scale to the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio scale. A simple technique to estimate direct and indirect effect <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios by combining logistic and linear regressions is described that applies when the outcome is rare and the mediator continuous. Further discussion is given as to how this mediation analysis technique can be extended to settings in which data come from a case-control study design. For the standard mediation analysis techniques used in the epidemiologic and social science literatures to be valid, an assumption of no interaction between the effects of the exposure and the mediator on the outcome is needed. The approach presented here, however, will apply even when there are interactions between the effect of the exposure and the mediator on the outcome.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">VanderWeele, Tyler J.; Vansteelandt, Stijn</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">155</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014EGUGA..1611970O"> <span id="translatedtitle">Disaster Impacts on Human Capital Accumulation <span class="hlt">Shown</span> in the Typhoon Haiyan Case</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">School children and their school environment are increasingly exposed to all kinds of hazards. Many disaster events have <span class="hlt">shown</span> the extent of disaster impacts on the education sector which this study also highlights in the Typhoon Haiyan Case. Disasters do not only cause loss of lives or damage to educational facilities, they also entail significant economic and social consequences on human capital development in the short and long-run. While the trend of short term disaster impact can easily be analyzed in rapid post disaster assessments taking destroyed assets as proxy, usually analyses of medium and long-term effects of disasters include large inherent uncertainties and are of less tangible nature, require more time and complex methods and can often not give comprehensive results. The consequences of disasters especially in developing countries are therefore to a certain extent often left unknown. Generally, economic and social effects of disasters on human capital seem to be ambiguous and to some degree these effects are related to economic, social and institutional well-being. Thus, clear understanding is crucial to interpret its complex effects on human capital accumulation. This essential nature of medium and long-term effects has not been reflected in many analyses. Focus has mostly been given on the extent of <span class="hlt">physical</span> damage, displacements, lives and assets lost instead of targeting resilience of social and economic characteristics of communities in terms of preventing human capital accumulation disruption. Main objective of this study is to provide a conceptual framework illustrating the impacts of disasters on schooling which might help in assessing such effects, as one of the fundamental components of human capital accumulation (Ozceylan Aubrecht, 2013). The dimensions of human capital building and its relationship to disasters under the light of past disaster events are discussed with a special focus on the recent Typhoon Haiyan that struck the Philippines in November 2013. Natural disasters adversely affect human capital accumulation in several ways including loss of life, damage to the educational system, decreased educational quality, increased child labor, and associated high dropout rates. Another dimension closely related to the human capital is the reduced economic strength of families that can limit the expenditures on well-being, including education, health and food (child malnutrition) (Baez et al., 2010; Cuaresma, 2010). According to information provided by UN and international media approximately 6 million children were affected by Typhoon Haiyan with 1.4 million homes of children and their families destroyed and 1.8 million children displaced. About 90% of the school buildings in the affected region were damaged and schools therefore stayed closed for up to 2 months causing disruption for more than a million pupils and 34,000 teachers. In some areas, when school returned to operation, only half of the school kids reported back. Also for the other pupils the situation was still challenging with many of the prior basic educational resources affected (destroyed textbooks and learning material, damaged classrooms) and no own equipment available (books, pens, etc.). Those reported impacts have already interrupted the educational continuity and it is expected to further continue by adversely affecting human capital accumulation in the longer term. Part of this work has been done under the Global Program for Safer Schools (GPSS) carried out at the Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR). References: Baez, J., A. de la Fuente, and I. Carlos, 2010. Do Natural Disasters Affect Human Capital? An Assessment Based on Existing Empirical Evidence. IZA Discussion Paper Series: 5164. Cuaresma, J., 2010. Natural Disasters and Human Capital Accumulation. World Bank Economic Review 24(2): 280-302. Ozceylan Aubrecht, D., 2013. Economic Impact of Disasters on the Education Sector. Global Program for Safer Schools (GPSS), GFDRR & The World Bank, Working Paper, Washington DC, August 2013, 30 pp.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Özceylan Aubrecht, Dilek; Aubrecht, Christoph</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">156</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://people.csail.mit.edu/fisher/publications/papers/pohl07.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Using the logarithm of <span class="hlt">odds</span> to define a vector space on probabilistic atlases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The logarithm of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span>) is frequently used in areas such as artificial neural networks, economics, and biology, as an alternative representation of probabilities. Here, we use Log<span class="hlt">Odds</span> to place probabilistic atlases in a linear vector space. This represen- tation has several useful properties for medical imaging. For example, it not only encodes the shape of multiple anatomical</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kilian M. Pohl; John W. Fisher III; Sylvain Bouix; Martha Elizabeth Shenton; Robert W. McCarley; W. Eric L. Grimson; Ron Kikinis; William M. Wells III</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">157</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5916711"> <span id="translatedtitle">Near yrast states in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> [sup 214]Fr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High spin states of doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> [sup 214]Fr[sub 127] have been investigated using in-beam [gamma]-ray and conversion electron spectroscopy techniques through the [sup 206]Pb([sup 11]B, 3[ital n]) and [sup 208]Pb([sup 11]B, 5[ital n]) fusion-evaporation reactions. Completely new spectrocopic information has been obtained. The yrast level structure is established up to spin (19[sup +]) and some information on [gamma] transitions from higher-lying levels is also obtained. Two new isomers [ital T][sub 1/2]=174(20) ns and [ital T][sub 1/2]=11(2) ns were found. Configuration assignments for the low-lying levels are discussed. Information on residual proton-neutron interactions is extracted.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Debray, M.E.; Kreiner, A.J.; Kesque, J.M.; Ozafran, M.; Romo, A.; Somacal, H.; Vazquez, M.E. (Departamento de Fisica, Comision Nacional de Energia Atomica, Buenos Aires (Argentina)); Davidson, J.; Davidson, M. (Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires (Argentina)); Ahn, K.; Fossan, D.B.; Liang, Y.; Ma, R.; Paul, E.S.; Piel, W.F. Jr.; Xu, N. (Physics Department, State University of New York at Stony Brook, Stony Brook, New York 11794 (United States))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">158</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhyE...43.1840C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Piezoelectricity of the ice nanotube with <span class="hlt">odd</span> side faces</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The molecular dynamics (MD) simulations have been utilized to investigate the strain effect on the polarization distribution and piezoelectric coefficient of the ice nanotube (ice-NT) with <span class="hlt">odd</span> side faces. It is found that the polarization of the system increases under the compressive strain, and decreases with the tensile strain. The piezoelectric coefficient is about 1.3 C/m 2 for a single <5, 0> ice-NT with its diameter of 4.34 Å, which is superior to BaTiO 3 nanowire, the ferroelectricity of the latter with the same diameter has been vanished owning to the depolarization effect. We have also considered the axial strain energy under the different strains, and found that most of the strain energy in the compressive process seems larger than that of the stretching case.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chang, Xu; Li, Huichao; Cui, Yuting</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">159</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=498834"> <span id="translatedtitle">Histiocytic and dendritic reticulum cells <span class="hlt">shown</span> by a zinc iodide-osmium technique.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Structures corresponding to histiocytic and dendritic reticulum cells have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> in human tonsillar tissue, "reactive" lymph nodes and spleens by means of a zinc iodide-osmium technique. These cell types have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> in various locations in these tissues using paraffin and resin embedded sections produced after fixation/staining of the tissue in zinc iodide-osmium. The quality of morphology attained by this procedure is much improved compared with the demonstration of the two cell types by means of alpha-naphthyl acetate esterase reactions performed on frozen sections. The zonal architecture of the lymphoid follicle is emphasised by this technique. In lymph nodes, sinus lining cells are also <span class="hlt">shown</span>. Lymphoid cells, polymorphs, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells are negative with the zinc iodide-osmium method. In addition, interdigitating cells are not stained. The results of this procedure are compared with those with those of other methods for the demonstration of histiocytic and dendritic reticulum cells. Images</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Crocker, J; Hopkins, M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">160</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=20020005412&hterms=modeling+ozone+production&qs=N%3D0%26Ntk%3DAll%26Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntt%3Dmodeling%2Bozone%2Bproduction"> <span id="translatedtitle">An Overview of Modeling Middle Atmospheric <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nitrogen</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> nitrogen (N, NO, NO2, NO3, N2O5, HNO3, HO2NO2, ClONO2, and BrONO2) constituents are important components in the control of middle atmospheric ozone. Several processes lead to the production of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen (NO(sub y)) in the middle atmosphere (stratosphere and mesosphere) including the oxidation of nitrous oxide (N2O), lightning, downflux from the thermosphere, and energetic charged particles (e.g., galactic cosmic rays, solar proton events, and energetic electron precipitation). The dominant production mechanism of NO(sub y) in the stratosphere is N2O oxidation, although other processes contribute. Mesospheric NO(sub y) is influenced by N2O oxidation, downflux from the thermosphere, and energetic charged particles. NO(sub y) is destroyed in the middle atmosphere primarily via two processes: 1) dissociation of NO to form N and O followed by N + NO yielding N2 + O to reform even nitrogen; and 2) transport to the troposphere where HNO3 can be rapidly scavenged in water droplets and rained out of the atmosphere. There are fairly significant differences among global models that predict NO(sub y). NO(sub y) has a fairly long lifetime in the stratosphere (months to years), thus disparate transport in the models probably contributes to many of these differences. Satellite and aircraft measurement provide modeling tests of the various components of NO(sub y). Although some recent reaction rate measurements have led to improvements in model/measurement agreement, significant differences do remain. This presentation will provide an overview of several proposed sources and sinks of NO(sub y) and their regions of importance. Multi-dimensional modeling results for NO(sub y) and its components with comparisons to observations will also be presented.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jackman, Charles H.; Kawa, S. Randolph; Einaudi, Franco (Technical Monitor)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a 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Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">161</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1990JPSJ...59.2694S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Inverted Spin Sequences in the Spectra of <span class="hlt">Odd-Odd</span> Nuclei in the 2S-1d and 2P-1f Shells</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In case of <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei, near magic numbers, there are found inverted sequences as well as few rotational members. In order to explain the unique feature of the spectra of <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nuclei, we have applied modified form of rotational-vibrational model with two parameters A and B. It is found that level orders in inverted as well as in rotational sequences are very well reproduced on the basis of this model. In case of inverted spin sequences, the sign of B is found to be positive. The ratio of B/A is ? 10-2 as compared to its value of the order of 10-3 in case of even-even & <span class="hlt">odd</span>—A nuclei. We infer that pair correlations are responsible for these invertions. The simple model applied here worked well to predict these inverted spectra.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sharma, Arvind; Sharma, S. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">162</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/47291416"> <span id="translatedtitle">Obesity: new insight into the anthropometric classification of fat distribution <span class="hlt">shown</span> by computed tomography</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Twenty eight women presenting for routine computed tomography had their waist, hip, and thigh circumferences measured. The ratio of the area of intra-abdominal fat to the area of subcutaneous fat <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the computed tomogram taken at the umbilical level was calculated and found to correlate highly significantly with the ratio of waist to hip circumference. The correlation between these</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M Ashwell; T J Cole; A K Dixon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">163</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=63-MA9-61&hterms=faith&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dfaith"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mercury-Atlas 9 spacecraft Faith 7 is <span class="hlt">shown</span> during mating of spacecraft to Atlas booster</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Mercury-Atlas-9 spacecraft, #20, Faith 7, is <span class="hlt">shown</span> during mating of spacecraft to the Atlas booster at Pad 14, Cape Canaveral, Fla. Faith 7 named by Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper is programmed for a 22-orbit mission, lasting 30 hours and 20 minutes, with impact near Midway Island.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1963-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">164</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/sd0019.photos.189352p/"> <span id="translatedtitle">32. DETAIL OF WALL <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN SD231. BEHIND WALL FRAMING ...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p class="result-summary">32. DETAIL OF WALL <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN SD-2-31. BEHIND WALL FRAMING IS SAMPLING ROOM WITH WOOD SAMPLING ELEVATOR. CRUSHED OXIDIZED ORE BIN ON LEFT (SOUTH). - Bald Mountain Gold Mill, Nevada Gulch at head of False Bottom Creek, Lead, Lawrence County, SD</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">165</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=AC80-0107-11&hterms=ac80&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Dac80"> <span id="translatedtitle">PHOTOGRAPH BY DFRC SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER COLUMBIA 102 IS <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> BACKING OUT OF ITS MANUFACTURING</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">PHOTOGRAPH BY DFRC SPACE SHUTTLE ORBITER COLUMBIA 102 IS <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> BACKING OUT OF ITS MANUFACTURING FACILITY AT PALMDALE, CA THE ROCKWELL INTERNATIONAL SPACE DIVISION PLANT, ENROUTE TO DRYDEN FLIGHT RESEARCH CENTER. THIS ORBITER WILL BE THE FIRST SHUTTLE SPACECRAFT THAT WILL CARRY TWO ASTRONAUTS, JOHN YOUNG AND RICHARD CRIPPEN, INTO EARTH ORBITAL TEST FLIGHT IN LATE 1979.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">166</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/11903470"> <span id="translatedtitle">Overcoming the <span class="hlt">odds</span>: The health of women with <span class="hlt">physical</span> disabilities in the United States</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">N THE 47 YEARS that I have lived with disability, I have witnessed an accelerating demolition of the barriers that have impeded us for so long from participating as equal citizens in society. Medical science has made dramatic advances that have enabled people with progressive disorders such as mine to live well past their predicted 20-year lifespan. I am continually</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Margaret A. Nosek</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">167</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22newton%22&pg=4&id=EJ827697"> <span id="translatedtitle">At <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Reconciling Experimental and Theoretical Results in High School <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For this experiment, students are divided into 2 groups and presented with a static equilibrium force-balance problem to solve. One group works entirely experimentally and the other group theoretically, using Newton's laws. The groups present their seemingly dissimilar results and must reconcile them through discussion. (Contains 3 figures.)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gates, Joshua</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">168</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997HvaOB..21...21S"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Simple-Minded Concept of the Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Solar Cycles is <span class="hlt">Physically</span> Relevant</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Signs of the 22-year solar cycle are presently best identified by alternating magnetic field polarities of the bipolar sunspot groups in the neighbouring 11-year cycles and also by clear regularities of the solar corona magnetic field topology, when extrapolated from the direct field measurements at the level of the solar photosphere. We show that the 22-year solar magnetic cycle is also visible in the long-term behaviour of the sunspot number parameter and the solar emission corona brightness. We argue that the solar mid-latitude zones are mainly responsible for this phenomenon.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sykora, J.; Storini, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">169</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006AIPC..842..778I"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospective candidates for the EDM experiments of new type: calculations of enhancement of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in HI+ and liquid Xe</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The search for the P,T-parity non-conservation (PNC) effects is of fundamental importance in <span class="hlt">physics</span>. Experiments are performed on T1F and YbF, and are prepared on PbO and HgH molecules. Recently some new approaches were suggested, such as the search for P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in liquid xenon and on HI+ molecular ion. For preparation and interpretation of these experiments high-precision calculations of the electronic structure are required. Recently developed theoretical methods allow one to analyze the atomic-molecular systems from the point of enhancement of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects and recommend such or another system as a prospective candidate. We calculated enhancement factor for electron EDM in the ground state of HI+ molecular ion, required for experiment of new type on electron EDM search. The results of calculations of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in liquid xenon are also discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Isaev, Timur A.; Petrov, Aleksander N.; Mosyagin, Nikolay S.; Titov, Anatoly V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">170</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20875823"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospective candidates for the EDM experiments of new type: calculations of enhancement of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in HI+ and liquid Xe</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The search for the P,T-parity non-conservation (PNC) effects is of fundamental importance in <span class="hlt">physics</span>. Experiments are performed on T1F and YbF, and are prepared on PbO and HgH molecules. Recently some new approaches were suggested, such as the search for P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in liquid xenon and on HI+ molecular ion. For preparation and interpretation of these experiments high-precision calculations of the electronic structure are required. Recently developed theoretical methods allow one to analyze the atomic-molecular systems from the point of enhancement of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects and recommend such or another system as a prospective candidate. We calculated enhancement factor for electron EDM in the ground state of HI+ molecular ion, required for experiment of new type on electron EDM search. The results of calculations of P,T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in liquid xenon are also discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Isaev, Timur A.; Petrov, Aleksander N.; Mosyagin, Nikolay S.; Titov, Anatoly V. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, 188300, Orlova Roscha 1, Gatchina (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-07-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">171</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010RScI...81b4701P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Synchronous measurement of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortion at the resonant frequency of a superconducting resonator</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method has been developed that uses three input tones to measure both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortions (IMDs) inside the pass band of resonant devices. With this technique the surface current density of both the driving signal and the IMD tones can be quantified. Synchronous, or same frequency, measurement of both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order distortions permits quantitative comparison of the respective nonlinearity currents measured within the same time scale. As an example of this technique, a superconducting resonator is used to generate even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order IMDs at the same frequency, resulting in <span class="hlt">physical</span> conclusions, which are pertinent to current research in high temperature superconductors. While varying the level of only one tone, the expected slope of the IMD current versus the driving signal current for both orders is unity, but that is only observed at high temperature when the superconductor becomes very lossy. An observed smaller slope at lower temperatures gives support to the linear-nonlinear interaction model. Also, a sharp increase in the third order IMD relative to the second order IMD near TC gives support to a substantial nonlinear Meissner effect.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pease, Evan K.; Dober, Bradley J.; Remillard, S. K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">172</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20192508"> <span id="translatedtitle">Synchronous measurement of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortion at the resonant frequency of a superconducting resonator.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method has been developed that uses three input tones to measure both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortions (IMDs) inside the pass band of resonant devices. With this technique the surface current density of both the driving signal and the IMD tones can be quantified. Synchronous, or same frequency, measurement of both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order distortions permits quantitative comparison of the respective nonlinearity currents measured within the same time scale. As an example of this technique, a superconducting resonator is used to generate even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order IMDs at the same frequency, resulting in <span class="hlt">physical</span> conclusions, which are pertinent to current research in high temperature superconductors. While varying the level of only one tone, the expected slope of the IMD current versus the driving signal current for both orders is unity, but that is only observed at high temperature when the superconductor becomes very lossy. An observed smaller slope at lower temperatures gives support to the linear-nonlinear interaction model. Also, a sharp increase in the third order IMD relative to the second order IMD near T(C) gives support to a substantial nonlinear Meissner effect. PMID:20192508</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pease, Evan K; Dober, Bradley J; Remillard, S K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">173</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/item/id0443.photos.219911p/"> <span id="translatedtitle">ETR BUILDING, TRA642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN ID33G101, ANOTHER ...</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.loc.gov/pictures/collection/hh/">Library of Congress Historic Buildings Survey, Historic Engineering Record, Historic Landscapes Survey</a></p> <p class="result-summary">ETR BUILDING, TRA-642, INTERIOR. BASEMENT. CUBICLE <span class="hlt">SHOWN</span> IN ID-33-G-101, ANOTHER VIEW. PERSONNEL DOORWAY INTO CHAMBER IDENTIFIES SODIUM HAZARD AND POSSIBILITY OF INERT GAS. LIQUID SODIUM COOLANT WAS USED IN A SPECIAL ETR LOOP ADAPTED FOR IT IN 1972. INL NEGATIVE NO. HD24-3-2. Mike Crane, Photographer, 11/2000 - Idaho National Engineering Laboratory, Test Reactor Area, Materials & Engineering Test Reactors, Scoville, Butte County, ID</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">174</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24144379"> <span id="translatedtitle">The ability of single-chain surfactants to emulsify an aqueous-based liquid crystal oscillates with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even parity of alkyl-chain length.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">physical</span> properties of many organic molecules often oscillate when the number of carbons in their aliphatic chains changes from <span class="hlt">odd</span> to even. This <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect for single-chain surfactants in solution is rarely observed. Here, we report the ability of single-chain surfactants to emulsify a class of non-amphiphilic organic salts, disodium cromoglycate (5'DSCG) oscillates as a function of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> or even number of the aliphatic carbons. This system provides a water-in-oil-in-water emulsion, in which aqueous droplets of 5'DSCG in liquid crystal phases are coated with single-chain surfactants in a bulk carrying aqueous solution. For both surfactants of [Formula: see text] and CH3(CH2)nCOO(-)Na(+), the ability to emulsify 5'DSCG molecules in water is stronger for surfactants with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of sp(3)-hybridized carbon atoms in the aliphatic chains than those with an even number. This observed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect is consistent with the notion that conventional micelles possess a core of randomly arranged surfactant hydrocarbon tails. However, this water-in-oil-in-water resembles a vesicle system in which the surfactants assemble in a highly ordered structure that separates two aqueous systems. These new self-assembled phases have potential application in the formulation and design of new organic soft materials. PMID:24144379</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Varghese, Nisha; Shetye, Gauri S; Yang, Sijie; Wilkens, Stephan; Smith, Robert P; Luk, Yan-Yeung</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">175</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/1001314"> <span id="translatedtitle">Proceedings of RIKEN BNL Research Center Workshop: P- and CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Effects in Hot and Dense Matter</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This volume contains the proceedings of the RBRC/CATHIE workshop on 'P- and CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Effects in Hot and Dense Matter' held at the RIKEN-BNL Research Center on April 26-30, 2010. The workshop was triggered by the experimental observation of charge correlations in heavy ion collisions at RHIC, which were predicted to occur due to local parity violation (P- and CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> fluctuations) in hot and dense QCD matter. This experimental result excited a significant interest in the broad <span class="hlt">physics</span> community, inspired a few alternative interpretations, and emphasized the need for a deeper understanding of the role of topology in QCD vacuum and in hot and dense quark-gluon matter. Topological effects in QCD are also closely related to a number of intriguing problems in condensed matter <span class="hlt">physics</span>, cosmology and astrophysics. We therefore felt that a broad cross-disciplinary discussion of topological P- and CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in various kinds of matter was urgently needed. Such a discussion became the subject of the workshop. Specific topics discussed at the workshop include the following: (1) The current experimental results on charge asymmetries at RHIC and the <span class="hlt">physical</span> interpretations of the data; (2) Quantitative characterization of topological effects in QCD matter including both analytical (perturbative and non-perturbative using gauge/gravity duality) and numerical (lattice-QCD) calculations; (3) Topological effects in cosmology of the Early Universe (including baryogenesis and dark energy); (4) Topological effects in condensed matter <span class="hlt">physics</span> (including graphene and superfiuids); and (5) Directions for the future experimental studies of P- and CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects at RHIC and elsewhere. We feel that the talks and intense discussions during the workshop were extremely useful, and resulted in new ideas in both theory and experiment. We hope that the workshop has contributed to the progress in understanding the role of topology in QCD and related fields. We thank all the speakers and participants, and express our gratitude to the event coordinator Pam Esposito for her hard work.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Deshpande, A.; Fukushima, K.; Kharzeev, D.; Warringa, H.; Voloshin, S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-26</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">176</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009PhRvC..80b4303C"> <span id="translatedtitle">20?s isomeric state in doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> 61134Pm</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recoil-isomer tagging at the Accelerator Laboratory of the University of Jyväskylä has been used to establish the isomeric nature of a known (7-) excited state in the doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleus Pm134. The isomeric state was determined to have a half-life of 20(1) ?s and was populated from the decay of a ?h11/2??h11/2 band using the Mo92(Fe54,2?3pn) reaction at 305 and 315 MeV. The isomer decays by a 71-keV transition that provides an intermediate step in linking the established Pm134 high-spin level scheme to the lower-spin states observed from the ? decay of Sm134. Electron-conversion analysis for the 71-keV ?-ray transition reveals that it is of E1 character and its small reduced-transition probability suggests that Pm134 may have a nuclear shape more rigid than that of the neighboring nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cullen, D. M.; Mason, P. J. R.; Rigby, S. V.; Scholey, C.; Eeckhaudt, S.; Grahn, T.; Greenlees, P. T.; Jakobsson, U.; Jones, P. M.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S.; Kishada, A. M.; Leino, M.; Leppänen, A.-P.; Mäntyniemi, K.; Nieminen, P.; Nyman, M.; Pakarinen, J.; Peura, P.; Rahkila, P.; Sarén, J.; Sorri, J.; Uusitalo, J.; Varley, B. J.; Venhart, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">177</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5190110"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> subharmonic frequencies and chaos in Josephson junctions: Impact on parametric amplifiers</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Stewart-McCumber model of a Josephson junction has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to exhibit period-doubling bifurcation cascades, as described by the Feigenbaum bifurcation theory. Chaotic states, sometimes associated with the bifurcations, are also prevalent. The present paper deals with the questions of subharmonic generation and chaotic states in the aforementioned model, and in addition with the problem of the ubiquitous noise rise found in Josephson junction parametric amplifiers. The bifurcation is first discussed by drawing on analytical results on the Duffing equation which is an approximation to the complete ac-driven Stewart-McCumber model. The complete model is then solved on an analog computer. Thereafter it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that besides the even subharmonics predicted by the bifurcation theory, the natural subharmonic to expect at small dc currents is the <span class="hlt">odd</span>. This may then have associated its own bifurcation tree. The role of spontaneous symmetry breaking will be discussed. This reconciles the earlier treatment of the 3-photon amplifier with the Feigenbaum scheme. Finally, analog calculations on a model of an externally pumped Josephson junction parametric amplifier will be discussed. The conclusion seems to be that chaotic noise cannot account for the noise rise.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Levinsen, M.T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1982-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">178</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/57414818"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Construction and Use of Log-<span class="hlt">Odds</span> Substitution Scores for Multiple Sequence Alignment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Most pairwise and multiple sequence alignment programs seek alignments with optimal scores. Central to defining such scores is selecting a set of substitution scores for aligned amino acids or nucleotides. For local pairwise alignment, substitution scores are implicitly of log-<span class="hlt">odds</span> form. We now extend the log-<span class="hlt">odds</span> formalism to multiple alignments, using Bayesian methods to construct “BILD” (“Bayesian Integral Log-<span class="hlt">odds</span>”) substitution</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stephen F. Altschul; John C. Wootton; Elena Zaslavsky; Yi-Kuo Yu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">179</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3327557"> <span id="translatedtitle">Informational <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio: A Useful Measure of Epidemiologic Association in Environment Exposure Studies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The informational <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (IOR) measures the post-exposure <span class="hlt">odds</span> divided by the pre-exposure <span class="hlt">odds</span> (ie, information gained after knowing exposure status). A desirable property of an adjusted ratio estimate is collapsibility (ie, the combined crude ratio will not change after adjusting for a variable that is not a confounder). Adjusted traditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (TORs) are not collapsible. In contrast, Mantel-Haenszel adjusted IORs generally are collapsible. IORs are a useful measure of disease association in environmental case-referent studies, especially when the disease is common in the exposed and/or unexposed groups.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Efird, Jimmy T.; Lea, Suzanne; Toland, Amanda; Phillips, Christopher J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">180</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21180089"> <span id="translatedtitle">Unified Treatment of Even and <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Anharmonic Oscillators of Arbitrary Degree</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a unified treatment, including higher-order corrections, of anharmonic oscillators of arbitrary even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> degree. Our approach is based on a dispersion relation which takes advantage of the PT symmetry of <span class="hlt">odd</span> potentials for imaginary coupling parameter, and of generalized quantization conditions which take into account instanton contributions. We find a number of explicit new results, including the general behavior of large-order perturbation theory for arbitrary levels of <span class="hlt">odd</span> anharmonic oscillators, and subleading corrections to the decay width of excited states for <span class="hlt">odd</span> potentials, which are numerically significant.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jentschura, Ulrich D. [Department of Physics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla Missouri 65409-0640 (United States); Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Surzhykov, Andrey [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Kernphysik, Postfach 103980, 69029 Heidelberg (Germany); Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet, Philosophenweg 12, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); Zinn-Justin, Jean [CEA, IRFU, and Institut de Physique Theorique, Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette (France)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-09</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" 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href="#">21</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_22");' href="#">22</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_23");' href="#">23</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">181</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0160-4120(94)90113-9"> <span id="translatedtitle">Organic solute changes with acidification in Lake Skjervatjern as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by 1H-NMR spectroscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1H-NMR spectroscopy has been found to be a useful tool to establish possible real differences and trends between all natural organic solute fractions (fulvic acids, humic acids, and XAD-4 acids) after acid-rain additions to the Lake Skjervatjern watershed. The proton NMR technique used in this study determined the spectral distribution of nonexchangeable protons among four peaks (aliphatic protons; aliphatic protons on carbon ?? or attached to electronegative groups; protons on carbons attached to O or N heteroatoms; and aromatic protons). Differences of 10% or more in the respective peak areas were considered to represent a real difference. After one year of acidification, fulvic acids decreased 13% (relative) in Peak 3 protons on carbon attached to N and O heteratoms and exhibited a decrease in aromatic protons between 27% and 31%. Humic acids also exhibited an 11% relative decrease in aromatic protons as a result of acidification. After one year of acidification, real changes were <span class="hlt">shown</span> in three of the four proton assignments in XAD-4 acids. Peak 1 aliphatic protons increased by 14% (relative), Peak 3 protons on carbons attached to O and N heteroatoms decreased by 13% (relative), and aromatic protons (Peak 4) decreased by 35% (relative). Upon acidification, there was a trend in all solutes for aromatic protons to decrease and aliphatic protons to increase. The natural variation in organic solutes as <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the Control Side B of the lake from 1990 to 1991 is perhaps a small limitation to the same data interpretations of acid rain changes at the Lake Skjervatjern site, but the proton NMR technique shows great promise as an independent scientific tool to detect and support other chemical techniques in establishing organic solute changes with different treatments (i.e., additions of acid rain).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malcolm, R. L.; Hayes, T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">182</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998AIPC..447...67F"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear-<span class="hlt">physics</span> characteristics of short-lived <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> 232Pa, 238Np and 242gAm nuclides (measurement results and prospects for further researches)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In VNIIEF there were measured cross-sections of 232Pa and 238Np fission caused by thermal neutrons. The obtained data do not agree with the results of measurements carried out in Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA). Possible reasons of the result divergence are discussed. There are considered the measurement prospects for fission and radiation capture cross-sections of thermal neutrons by the nuclei of 232Pa, 238Np and 242gAm, including the measurements performed with the aid of ILL (Grenoble, France) reactor and some devices for neutron researches.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fomushkin, Eduard F.; Abramovich, Sergei N.; Andreev, Mikhail F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">183</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22547828"> <span id="translatedtitle">One influenza virus particle packages eight unique viral RNAs as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by FISH analysis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Influenza A virus possesses a segmented genome of eight negative-sense, single-stranded RNAs. The eight segments have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be represented in approximately equal molar ratios in a virus population; however, the exact copy number of each viral RNA segment per individual virus particles has not been determined. We have established an experimental approach based on multicolor single-molecule fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to study the composition of viral RNAs at single-virus particle resolution. Colocalization analysis showed that a high percentage of virus particles package all eight different segments of viral RNAs. To determine the copy number of each RNA segment within individual virus particles, we measured the photobleaching steps of individual virus particles hybridized with fluorescent probes targeting a specific viral RNA. By comparing the photobleaching profiles of probes against the HA RNA segment for the wild-type influenza A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (PR8) and a recombinant PR8 virus carrying two copies of the HA segment, we concluded that only one copy of HA segment is packaged into a wild type virus particle. Our results showed similar photobleaching behaviors for other RNA segments, suggesting that for the majority of the virus particles, only one copy of each RNA segment is packaged into one virus particle. Together, our results support that the packaging of influenza viral genome is a selective process. PMID:22547828</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chou, Yi-ying; Vafabakhsh, Reza; Do?anay, Sultan; Gao, Qinshan; Ha, Taekjip; Palese, Peter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">184</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11537415"> <span id="translatedtitle">Physiologic mechanisms effecting circulatory and body fluid losses in weightlessness as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by mathematical modeling.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The mechanisms causing large body water losses in weightlessness are not clear. It has long been considered that a central volume expansion drives the physiologic adaptation to a reduced total blood volume, with normal blood composition eventually regained. However, inflight venous pressure measures suggest that central volume expansion in weightlessness may be very transient, or that considerable cardiovascular adaptation to fluid shifts occurs on the ground while astronauts wait in the semi-supine pre-launch position. If a central volume stimulus does not persist, other mechanisms must drive the adaptation of circulation to a reduced blood volume and account for body fluid losses. Recent results from the SLS-1 mission suggest that body fluid volumes do not simply decline to new equilibria but that they decrease to a low point, then undergo some recovery. Similar "under-shoots" of body fluid volumes have also been <span class="hlt">shown</span> in computer simulations, providing confidence in the validity of the model. The purpose of this study was to examine the mechanisms which could explain the loss of body fluids in weightlessness and how a cardiovascular preadaptation countermeasure we previously tested ameliorated body fluid losses. It is assumed that the physiology of head down tilt (HDT) provides a reasonably accurate analog of weightless exposure. PMID:11537415</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simanonok, K E; Srinivasan, R S; Charles, J B</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">185</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3384215"> <span id="translatedtitle">One influenza virus particle packages eight unique viral RNAs as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by FISH analysis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Influenza A virus possesses a segmented genome of eight negative-sense, single-stranded RNAs. The eight segments have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be represented in approximately equal molar ratios in a virus population; however, the exact copy number of each viral RNA segment per individual virus particles has not been determined. We have established an experimental approach based on multicolor single-molecule fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) to study the composition of viral RNAs at single-virus particle resolution. Colocalization analysis showed that a high percentage of virus particles package all eight different segments of viral RNAs. To determine the copy number of each RNA segment within individual virus particles, we measured the photobleaching steps of individual virus particles hybridized with fluorescent probes targeting a specific viral RNA. By comparing the photobleaching profiles of probes against the HA RNA segment for the wild-type influenza A/Puerto Rico/8/34 (PR8) and a recombinant PR8 virus carrying two copies of the HA segment, we concluded that only one copy of HA segment is packaged into a wild type virus particle. Our results showed similar photobleaching behaviors for other RNA segments, suggesting that for the majority of the virus particles, only one copy of each RNA segment is packaged into one virus particle. Together, our results support that the packaging of influenza viral genome is a selective process.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chou, Yi-ying; Vafabakhsh, Reza; Doganay, Sultan; Gao, Qinshan; Ha, Taekjip; Palese, Peter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">186</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=ADA031958"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Degree Spline Interpolation at a Biinfinite Knot Sequence.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that for an arbitrary strictly increasing knot sequence t = (t sub 1) infinity to minus infinity and for every i, there exists exactly one fundamental spline L sub i (i.e., L sub i)(t sub j) = delta sub ij, all j), of order 2r whose r-th deriv...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">C. de Boor</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">187</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18498946"> <span id="translatedtitle">Hemispheric specialization in Australian magpies (Gymnorhina tibicen) <span class="hlt">shown</span> as eye preferences during response to a predator.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Brain lateralization in birds is frequently expressed as a preference to view stimuli with one eye using the lateral monocular visual field. As few studies have investigated lateralized behaviour in wild birds, we scored eye preferences of Australian magpies (Gymnorhina tibicen) performing anti-predator responses. When animals deal with potential predators by mobbing them, constant assessment is needed to consider whether to approach, mob or withdraw. When presented with a taxidermic specimen of a monitor lizard, the magpies assembled on the ground close to the lizard and circled, pecked, jumped over, viewed and approached, or withdrew from it. Using video footage, the monocular fixations prior to or during performance of these activities were scored and the following significant eye preferences were found. Prior to withdrawing, the magpies viewed the lizard with the left eye (LE) (85% of events). Prior to approaching, the right eye (RE) was used (72%). Hence, the left hemisphere is used to process visual inputs prior to approaching the predator and the right hemisphere prior to withdrawing from it. This result is consistent with hemispheric specialization <span class="hlt">shown</span> in other species, including humans. The LE was used also prior to jumping (73%) and prior to circling (65%), as well as during circling (58%) and for high alert inspection of the predator (72%). Mobbing and perhaps circling are agonistic responses controlled by the LE/right hemisphere, as also seen in other species. Alert inspection involves detailed examination of the predator and likely high levels of fear, known to be right hemisphere function. PMID:18498946</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koboroff, Adam; Kaplan, Gisela; Rogers, Lesley J</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-06-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">188</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED499748.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Why Some Schools with Latino Children Beat the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>...and Others Don't</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Throughout Arizona and the Southwest, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> are against high achievement in schools with a mostly Latino, mostly poor student enrollment. Some schools, however, "beat the <span class="hlt">odds</span>" and achieve consistently high results or show steady gains. Why do these schools succeed where others fail? Using the methodology of business guru Jim Collins from his…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Waits, Mary Jo; Campbell, Heather E.; Gau, Rebecca; Jacobs, Ellen; Rex, Tom; Hess, Robert K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">189</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=120&pg=5&id=EJ994211"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Interplay among Preschool Child and Family Factors and the Development of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> Symptoms</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study examined (a) the interactions between early behavior, early parenting, and early family adversity in predicting later oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) symptoms, and (b) the reciprocal relations between parent functioning and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms across the preschool years. Participants were 258 three-year-old children (138 boys, 120…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Harvey, Elizabeth A.; Metcalfe, Lindsay A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">190</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED530698.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Individual District Profiles. Results from the 2008-09 School Year</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This edition of "Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>" presents student achievement from 2008 to 2009. Individual district profiles of student achievement are presented. [For a related report, "Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Analysis of Student Performance on State Assessments and NAEP. Results from the 2008-09 School Year," see ED508975.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Council of the Great City Schools, 2009</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">191</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22A%22&pg=6&id=EJ1023546"> <span id="translatedtitle">Into the Cuckoo's Nest: "Silver Linings Playbook" and Movies about <span class="hlt">Odd</span> People</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> people have always been identified and often treated differently in human societies. In modern times, they have been described as being afflicted with a psychological condition to be treated by specialists and assigned to a "crazy" category by general society. Movies about such <span class="hlt">odd</span> people have a long history. A recent movie,…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Beck, Bernard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">192</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2007PhRvC..76e5803N"> <span id="translatedtitle">Comparative study of Gamow-Teller strength distributions in the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus V50 and its impact on electron capture rates in astrophysical environments</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Gamow-Teller (GT) strength transitions are an ideal probe for testing nuclear structure models. In addition to nuclear structure, GT transitions in nuclei directly affect the early phases of Type Ia and Type-II supernovae core collapse since the electron capture rates are partly determined by these GT transitions. In astrophysics, GT transitions provide an important input for model calculations and element formation during the explosive phase of a massive star at the end of its life-time. Recent nucleosynthesis calculations show that <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei cause the largest contribution in the rate of change of lepton-to-baryon ratio. In the present manuscript, we have calculated the GT strength distributions and electron capture rates for <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus V50 by using the pn-QRPA theory. At present V50 is the first experimentally available <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus in fp-shell nuclei. We also compare our GT strength distribution with the recently measured results of a V50(d, He2)Ti50 experiment, with the earlier work of Fuller, Fowler, and Newman (referred to as FFN) and subsequently with the large-scale shell model calculations. One curious finding of the paper is that the Brink's hypothesis, usually employed in large-scale shell model calculations, is not a good approximation to use at least in the case of V50. SNe Ia model calculations performed using FFN rates result in overproduction of Ti50, and were brought to a much acceptable value by employing shell model results. It might be interesting to study how the composition of the ejecta using presently reported QRPA rates compare with the observed abundances.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nabi, Jameel-Un; Sajjad, Muhammad</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">193</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/publication/70022054"> <span id="translatedtitle">Seismic subduction of the Nazca Ridge as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by the 1996-97 Peru earthquakes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://pubs.er.usgs.gov/pubs/index.jsp?view=adv">USGS Publications Warehouse</a></p> <p class="result-summary">By rupturing more than half of the shallow subduction interface of the Nazca Ridge, the great November 12, 1996 Peruvian earthquake contradicts the hypothesis that oceanic ridges subduct aseismically. The mainshock's rupture has a length of about 200 km and has an average slip of about 1.4 m. Its moment is 1.5 x 1028 dyne-cm and the corresponding M(w) is 8.0. The mainshock registered three major episodes of moment release as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by a finite fault inversion of teleseismically recorded broadband body waves. About 55% of the mainshock's total moment release occurred south of the Nazca Ridge, and the remaining moment release occurred at the southern half of the subduction interface of the Nazca Ridge. The rupture south of the Nazca Ridge was elongated parallel to the ridge axis and extended from a shallow depth to about 65 km depth. Because the axis of the Nazca Ridge is at a high angle to the plate convergence direction, the subducting Nazca Ridge has a large southwards component of motion, 5 cm/yr parallel to the coast. The 900-1200 m relief of the southwards sweeping Nazca Ridge is interpreted to act as a 'rigid indenter,' causing the greatest coupling south of the ridge's leading edge and leading to the large observed slip. The mainshock and aftershock hypocenters were relocated using a new procedure that simultaneously inverts local and teleseismic data. Most aftershocks were within the outline of the Nazca Ridge. A three-month delayed aftershock cluster' occurred at the northern part of the subducting Nazca Ridge. Aftershocks were notably lacking at the zone of greatest moment release, to the south of the Nazca Ridge. However, a lone foreshock at the southern end of this zone, some 140 km downstrike of the mainshock's epicenter, implies that conditions existed for rupture into that zone. The 1996 earthquake ruptured much of the inferred source zone of the M(w) 7.9-8.2 earthquake of 1942, although the latter was a slightly larger earthquake. The rupture zone of the 1996 earthquake is immediately north of the seismic gap left by the great earthquakes (M(w) ~8.8-9.1) of 1868 and 1877. The M(w) 8.0 Antofagasta earthquake of 1995 occurred at the southern end of this great seismic gap. The M(w) 8.2 deep-focus Bolivian earthquake of 1994 occurred directly downdip of the 1868 portion of that gap. The recent occurrence of three significant earthquakes on the periphery of the great seismic gap of the 1868 and 1877 events, among other factors, may signal an increased seismic potential for that zone.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Spence, W.; Mendoza, C.; Engdahl, E. R.; Choy, G. L.; Norabuena, E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">194</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/560765"> <span id="translatedtitle">Fragmentation of low-lying dipole strength in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nucleus {sup 133}Cs</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The fragmentation of low-lying dipole strength in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nucleus {sup 133}Cs has been investigated in nuclear resonance fluorescence (NRF) experiments performed at the bremsstrahlung beam of the Stuttgart Dynamitron accelerator at an end-point energy of 4.1 MeV. In the excitation energy range 2.3 {endash} 3.7 MeV in total 22 new dipole excitations were observed. From the high-resolution {gamma}-ray spectra measured by three high-efficiency Ge detectors the reduced excitation probabilities B(E1){up_arrow} or B(M1){up_arrow} were deduced. The fragmentation and absolute total strengths of the detected dipole excitations are compared with results for the neighboring even-even, {gamma}-soft nucleus {sup 134}Ba, where both, rather strong {ital scissors mode-like} M1 and two-phonon E1 excitations are known from recent NRF experiments. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society}</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Besserer, J.; Beck, O.; Eckert, T.; Jaeger, D.; Kneissl, U.; Margraf, J.; Maser, H.; Nord, A.; Pitz, H.H. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); von Brentano, P.; Herzberg, R.; Pietralla, N.; Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)] [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Strasse 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">195</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013APS..MARB29012K"> <span id="translatedtitle">A novel nature in nonequilibrium entropy production with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present our recent finding about a novel nature in nonequilibrium entropy production for systems with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity variables under time reversal. In the presence of irreversible forces the entropy production ?Senv transferred from system to environment is not equal to Q/T where Q is the heat transfer and T the temperature of heat bath. We consider a dissipative force applied by external agent in addition to that given by heat bath. Then ?Senv has extra contribution to Q/T for which an appropriate <span class="hlt">physical</span> explanation is still open. Another example for irreversible force is a form of -A.p/m for antisymmetric matrix A which is realized by a Lorentz force in a uniform magnetic field. In spite of no heat dissipation ?Senv has a nonvanishing positive contribution. We find that it is due to a nonzero phase space current remaining through stochastic average, which is in fact a nonzero average force. Basically it plays the same role as a nonzero position space current observed in system with even variables only. We suppose interesting situations for different types of irreversible forces.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kwon, Chulan; Park, Hyunggyu; Yeo, Joonhyun; Lee, Hyun Keun</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">196</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvD..89b4038B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Properties of rotating Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton black holes in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We investigate rotating Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton (EMd) black holes in <span class="hlt">odd</span> dimensions. Focusing on black holes with equal-magnitude angular momenta, we determine the domain of existence of these black holes. Nonextremal black holes reside with the boundaries determined by the static and the extremal rotating black holes. The extremal EMd black holes show proportionality of their horizon area and their angular momenta. Thus the charge does not enter. We also address the Einstein-Maxwell case, where the extremal rotating black holes exhibit two branches. On the branch emerging from the Myers-Perry solutions, their angular momenta are proportional to their horizon area, whereas on the branch emerging from the static solutions their angular momenta are proportional to their horizon angular momenta. Only subsets of the near-horizon solutions are realized globally. Investigating the <span class="hlt">physical</span> properties of these EMd black holes, we note that one can learn much about the extremal rotating solutions from the much simpler static solutions. The angular momenta of the extremal black holes are proportional to the area of the static ones for the Kaluza-Klein value of the dilaton coupling constant, and remain analogous for other values. The same is found for the horizon angular velocities of the extremal black holes, which possess an analogous behavior to the surface gravity of the static black holes. The gyromagnetic ratio is rather well approximated by the "static" value, obtained perturbatively for small angular momenta.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Blázquez-Salcedo, Jose Luis; Kunz, Jutta; Navarro-Lérida, Francisco</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">197</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/22934746"> <span id="translatedtitle">Investigation of the self-healing properties of shape memory polyurethane coatings with the ‘<span class="hlt">odd</span> random phase multisine’ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of this work is to study the <span class="hlt">physical</span> self-healing properties of shape memory polyurethanes (SMPUs) with cerium ions on top of a pure aluminum substrate. To achieve this, the ‘<span class="hlt">odd</span> random phase multisine’ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) is used. The additional information given by this technique (stochastic noise, non-linear and non-stationary behavior of the sample during the measurement)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jean-Baptiste Jorcin; Gill Scheltjens; Yves Van Ingelgem; Els Tourwé; Guy Van Assche; Iris De Graeve; Bruno Van Mele; Herman Terryn; Annick Hubin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">198</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88f4319S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low-lying excited states of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-proton nuclei with Z ?100</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: Theoretical investigations of the structure of the low-lying states of nuclei with Z ?100 play an important role in understanding the properties of nuclei belonging to the new region of the nuclide chart which is available now for experimental study. Purpose: We perform the calculations of the excitation energies and wave functions of the low-lying states of nuclei with Z ?100. Methods: The quasiparticle-phonon model, which takes into account an interaction of the quasiparticles and phonons of different multipolarities, is used as a basis for the calculations. Results: The excitation energies and the quasiparticle-phonon structure of the low-lying states with excitation energies up to 1200 keV of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-proton nuclei 239-251Bk, 243-255Es, 247-257Md, 253,255Lr, and 261,263Db are calculated. Conclusions: It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that starting from 600 keV the excitation of the phonons and the quasiparticle-phonon interaction play an important role in the description of the properties of the excited states of nuclei with Z ?100.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Shirikova, N. Yu.; Sushkov, A. V.; Jolos, R. V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">199</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1999AIPC..488..140B"> <span id="translatedtitle">T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple product asymmetries in beauty decays</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The decay b-->suu receives contributions from both tree and penguin amplitudes. In this talk I show that tree-penguin interference gives rise to a T-violating triple product svec b.(pvec u×pvec s) between the b-quark spin and the momenta of the s and u quarks. In the standard model, the T-violating signal turns out to be rather large, about 6% of the total rate. This is quite encouraging, and suggests that triple products may be useful for testing the standard model and searching for new <span class="hlt">physics</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bensalem, Wafia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">200</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=39633"> <span id="translatedtitle">Logarithm of <span class="hlt">odds</span> (lods) for linkage in complex inheritance.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lod scores provide a method to unify linkage tests based on identity by descent and identity in marker state while permitting selection of the most informative individuals through their disease-related phenotypes and markers in relatives. After parametric lods are reviewed, a nonparametric approach that depends on a single logistic parameter beta is introduced. Lods for parents tested or unknown are derived, multiple pairwise mapping is presented, and power is <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be good even for moderately small values of beta. Comparison of parametric and nonparametric approaches (yet to be made) will provide for polygenes the efficiency and reliability that lod scores gave to mapping of major loci 40 years ago.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Morton, N E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_9");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span 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</span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">201</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18072797"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-even effects in self-assembled monolayers of omega-(biphenyl-4-yl)alkanethiols: a first-principles study.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Conjugated molecules with a saturated alkyl linker between a thiol docking group and the pi-conjugated core have been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to form self-assembled monolayers (SAMs) with a high degree of long-range order and uniformity. Additionally, pronounced <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effects have been observed in a number of properties characterizing these SAMs. We focus on omega-(biphenyl-4-yl)alkanethiols with n = 0-6 -(CH2)n- units deposited on Au(111) and investigate the microscopic origin of these <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effects in terms of the local sulfur-gold bonding geometry by employing first-principles calculations. An additional structural parameter, the torsion angle between the two phenyl rings in the biphenyl moiety, is identified and its relation to the experimentally observed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effects is discussed. More importantly, we address relevant quantities for the application of these SAMs in molecular electronic devices, in particular, the modification of the work function of the underlying metal substrate and the energetic alignment of the molecular orbitals in the SAM with the Fermi level. While no clear trend emerges for the former, we find pronounced <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effects for the latter. Furthermore, the insertion of a single methylene unit between the biphenyl core and the thiol appears to largely decouple the valence electronic systems of the pi-conjugated segment and the gold substrate. Our results thus provide a solid theoretical basis for the interface energetics in this important class of systems. PMID:18072797</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Heimel, Georg; Romaner, Lorenz; Brédas, Jean-Luc; Zojer, Egbert</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">202</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3703619"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sedentary behavior, <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, and likelihood of breast cancer among black and white women: a report from the Southern Community Cohort Study</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Increased <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to be protective for breast cancer although few studies have examined this association in black women. In addition, limited evidence to date indicates that sedentary behavior may be an independent risk factor for breast cancer. We examined sedentary behavior and <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity in relation to subsequent incident breast cancer in a nested case-control study within 546 cases (374 among black women) and 2,184 matched controls enrolled in the Southern Community Cohort Study. Sedentary and <span class="hlt">physically</span> active behaviors were assessed via self-report at study baseline (2002–2009) using a validated <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity questionnaire. Conditional logistic regression was used to estimate mutually adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (OR) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) for quartiles of sedentary and <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity measures in relation to breast cancer risk. Being in the highest versus lowest quartile of total sedentary behavior (?12 hours/day versus <5.5 hours/day) was associated with increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of breast cancer among white women (OR=1.94 [95% CI 1.01–3.70], p for trend=0.1) but not black women (OR=1.23 [95% CI 0.82–1.83], p for trend=0.6) after adjustment for <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity. After adjustment for sedentary activity, greater <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity was associated with reduced <span class="hlt">odds</span> for breast cancer among white women (p for trend=0.03) only. In conclusion, independent of one another, sedentary behavior and <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity are risk factors for breast cancer among white women. Differences in these associations between black and white women require further investigation. Reducing sedentary behavior and increasing <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity are potentially independent targets for breast cancer prevention interventions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cohen, Sarah S.; Matthews, Charles E.; Bradshaw, Patrick T.; Lipworth, Loren; Buchowski, Maciej S.; Signorello, Lisa B.; Blot, William J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">203</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3477532"> <span id="translatedtitle">ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and CD: Do They Belong to a Common Psychopathological Spectrum? A Case Series</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Purpose of Research. Numerous studies have reported comorbidities, overlapping symptoms, and shared risk factors among cases of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and conduct disorder (CD). We present three adolescent males aged 13–16 years with conduct disorder having past history of ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>. Principal Result. The symptom profile especially in domains of aggression, hostility, and emotionality as well as the manner of progression from ADHD to <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD in the above cases shows a similar pattern. Conclusion. These common developmental pathways and overlapping symptoms suggest the possibility of a common psychopathological spectrum encompassing the three externalizing disorders.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ghosh, Sayanti; Sinha, Mausumi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">204</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PAN....76..702Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Positive parity states and some electromagnetic transition properties of even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> europium isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The positive-parity low-spin states of even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Europium isotopes (151-155Eu) were studied within the framework of the interacting boson-fermion model. The calculated positive low-spin state energy spectra of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Eu isotope were found to agree quite well with the experimental data. The B( E2) values were also calculated and it was found that the calculated positive-parity low-spin state energy spectra of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>- A Eu isotopes agree quite well with the experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yazar, Harun Resit</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">205</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12906501"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effect in spontaneously coherent bilayer quantum Hall droplets.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using exact diagonalization in the disk geometry we predict a novel even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effect in the Coulomb-blockade spectra of vertically coupled double quantum dots under an external magnetic field. The even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effect in the tunneling conductance is a direct manifestation of spontaneous interlayer phase coherence, and is similar to the even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> resonance in the Cooper pair box problem in mesoscopic superconducting grains. Coherent fluctuations in the number of Cooper pairs in superconductors are analogous to the fluctuations in the relative number difference between the two layers in quantum Hall droplets. PMID:12906501</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Park, K; Scarola, V W; Das Sarma, S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-07-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">206</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4108283"> <span id="translatedtitle">Increases in Weight and Body Size Increase the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Hypertension During 7 Years of Follow-up</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Changes in BMI and body size were compared to incident hypertension in 24,550 men and 10,111 women followed prospectively as part of the National Runners’ Health Study to test whether long-term weight change affects hypertension risk. Incident hypertensions were reported by 2,143 men and 430 women during (mean ± s.d.) 7.8 ± 1.8 and 7.5 ± 2.0 years of follow-up, respectively. Despite being active, men’s and women’s BMI increased 1.15 ± 1.70 and 0.95 ± 1.89 kg/m2, respectively, and their waist circumferences increased 2.97 ± 5.02 and 3.29 ± 6.67cm, respectively. Compared to those whose BMI declined, those who gained ?2.4kg/m2 had an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (95% confidence interval) of 1.68 (1.45, 1.94) for becoming hypertensive if male and 1.42 (1.05, 1.92) if female. Men whose waist circumference increased ? 6cm had an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of 1.22 (1.01, 1.47) for becoming hypertensive compared to those whose waists decreased. In both sexes, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> for hypertension were significantly related to BMI at follow-up when adjusted for baseline BMI, but generally not to baseline BMI when adjusted for follow-up BMI. In the subset whose weights remained relatively unchanged during follow-up (±0.4kg/m2), each kg/m2 increment in average BMI was associated with an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for becoming hypertensive of 1.19 (1.14, 1.24) in men and 1.11 (1.02, 1.20) in women. Thus, even among lean, <span class="hlt">physically</span> active individuals: (i) weight gain increases hypertension risk; (ii) higher body weight increases the hypertension risk in a dose-dependent manner in the absence of any weight change; and (iii) there is no advantage carried forward to having been previously lean.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Williams, Paul T.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">207</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=construct+AND+validity&pg=4&id=EJ998717"> <span id="translatedtitle">Construct Validity of ADHD/<span class="hlt">ODD</span> Rating Scales: Recommendations for the Evaluation of Forthcoming DSM-V ADHD/<span class="hlt">ODD</span> Scales</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Exploratory structural equation modeling (SEM) was applied to a multiple indicator (26 individual symptom ratings) by multitrait (ADHD-IN, ADHD-HI and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> factors) by multiple source (mothers, fathers and teachers) model to test the invariance, convergent and discriminant validity of the Child and Adolescent Disruptive Behavior Inventory with 872…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Burns, G. Leonard; Walsh, James A.; Servera, Mateu; Lorenzo-Seva, Urbano; Cardo, Esther; Rodriguez-Fornells, Antoni</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">208</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_146165.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Just Seeing a Doctor May Boost the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Surviving Melanoma</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... a Doctor May Boost the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Surviving Melanoma Study finds link between checkups and lower death ... Preidt Friday, May 9, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Melanoma Talking With Your Doctor FRIDAY, May 9, 2014 ( ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">209</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23255228"> <span id="translatedtitle">Confidence intervals for <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio and relative risk based on the inverse hyperbolic sine transformation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The inverse hyperbolic sine transformation can be used to shorten the standard delta logit interval for the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio and the delta log interval for the relative risk. As it stands, this transformation does not provide sufficient coverage. A pseudo-frequency modification is suggested and evaluated. The modification achieves an improvement in coverage for both the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio and the relative risk and a further improvement in interval width for the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio. We also find that another closed form interval, called MOVER-R Wilson, which is based on the method of variance estimates recovery, performs well. When the more complex and software demanding intervals, such as the asymptotic score, are unavailable, the adjusted inverse sinh intervals and MOVER-R Wilson provide two simple approaches to interval estimation of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio and the relative risk. PMID:23255228</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fagerland, Morten W; Newcombe, Robert G</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">210</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_146541.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Drug May Lower <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Early Menopause in Breast Cancer Patients</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... Drug May Lower <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Early Menopause in Breast Cancer Patients When added to chemotherapy, it also boosted ... Preidt Friday, May 30, 2014 Related MedlinePlus Pages Breast Cancer Cancer Chemotherapy Menopause FRIDAY, May 30, 2014 (HealthDay ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">211</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/news/fullstory_146187.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Drug Therapy May Lower <span class="hlt">Odds</span> That Kids with ADHD Will Smoke</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... enable JavaScript. Drug Therapy May Lower <span class="hlt">Odds</span> That Kids With ADHD Will Smoke Children with the disorder ... likely to smoke, according to a new analysis. Kids with ADHD who were treated with these so- ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">212</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=hd&pg=2&id=EJ696908"> <span id="translatedtitle">Which Executive Functioning Deficits Are Associated with AD/HD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>/CD and Comorbid AD/HD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>/CD? (Attention Deficit/hyperactivity Disorder)(Oppositional Defiant Disorder)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study investigated (1) whether attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is associated with executive functioning (EF) deficits while controlling for oppositional defiant disorder/conduct disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>/CD), (2) whether <span class="hlt">ODD</span>/CD is associated with EF deficits while controlling for AD/HD, and (3) whether a combination of AD/HD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>/CD…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Oosterlaan, Jaap; Scheres, Anouk; Sergeant, Joseph A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">213</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N19990041439"> <span id="translatedtitle">Three-Dimensional Total <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nitrogen (NO(y)) Simulation During SONEX using a Stretched-Grid Chemical Transport Model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The relative importance of various <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen (NOy) sources including lightning, aircraft, and surface emissions on upper tropospheric total <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen is illustrated as a first application of the three-dimensional Stretched-Grid University of Marylan...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. Allen K. Pickering G. Stenchikov A. M. Thompson Y. Kondo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">214</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/35717187"> <span id="translatedtitle">The initiation and withdrawal of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-eighth quotes among Nasdaq stocks: an empirical analysis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Christie and Schultz (1994), (Journal of Finance, 49, 1813–1840) find that market makers in many active Nasdaq stocks avoid <span class="hlt">odd</span>-eighth quotes. This paper studies 67 (58) Nasdaq stocks whose market makers initiate (withdraw) <span class="hlt">odd</span>-eighth quotes. These regime shifts are often completed within the span of a day, and coincide with dramatic changes in dollar, percentage and effective spreads. In most</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">William G. Christie; Paul H. Schultz</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">215</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5511886"> <span id="translatedtitle">Possibility of investigating P- and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclear forces in atomic and molecular experiments</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The P- and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleon-nucleon potentials are found in the Kobayashi-Maskawa scheme. Analytic expressions for T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclear multipoles are obtained in the shell model. The electric dipole moments of the nuclei exceed that of the neutron by two to three orders of magnitude. The electric dipole moments are calculated for a number of atoms and molecules. The feasibility of experimental detection of T-invariance violation is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sushkov, O.P.; Flambaum, V.V.; Khriplovich, I.B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1984-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">216</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvE..89d3019L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Swimming at low Reynolds number in fluids with <span class="hlt">odd</span>, or Hall, viscosity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We apply the geometric theory of swimming at low Reynolds number to the study of nearly circular swimmers in two-dimensional fluids with nonvanishing "<span class="hlt">odd</span>," or Hall, viscosity. The <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity gives an off-diagonal contribution to the fluid stress tensor, which results in a number of striking effects. In particular, we find that a swimmer whose area is changing will experience a torque proportional to the rate of change of the area, with the constant of proportionality given by the coefficient ?o of <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity. After working out the general theory of swimming in fluids with <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity for a class of simple swimmers, we give a number of example swimming strokes which clearly demonstrate the differences between swimming in a fluid with conventional viscosity and a fluid which also has an <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity. We also include a discussion of the extension of the famous Scallop theorem of low Reynolds number swimming to the case where the fluid has a nonzero <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity. A number of more technical results, including a proof of the torque-area relation for swimmers of more general shape, are explained in a set of Appendixes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lapa, Matthew F.; Hughes, Taylor L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">217</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24827344"> <span id="translatedtitle">Swimming at low Reynolds number in fluids with <span class="hlt">odd</span>, or Hall, viscosity.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We apply the geometric theory of swimming at low Reynolds number to the study of nearly circular swimmers in two-dimensional fluids with nonvanishing "<span class="hlt">odd</span>," or Hall, viscosity. The <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity gives an off-diagonal contribution to the fluid stress tensor, which results in a number of striking effects. In particular, we find that a swimmer whose area is changing will experience a torque proportional to the rate of change of the area, with the constant of proportionality given by the coefficient ?o of <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity. After working out the general theory of swimming in fluids with <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity for a class of simple swimmers, we give a number of example swimming strokes which clearly demonstrate the differences between swimming in a fluid with conventional viscosity and a fluid which also has an <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity. We also include a discussion of the extension of the famous Scallop theorem of low Reynolds number swimming to the case where the fluid has a nonzero <span class="hlt">odd</span> viscosity. A number of more technical results, including a proof of the torque-area relation for swimmers of more general shape, are explained in a set of Appendixes. PMID:24827344</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lapa, Matthew F; Hughes, Taylor L</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">218</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/450308"> <span id="translatedtitle">Search for very weakly interacting, short-lived, {ital C}-<span class="hlt">odd</span> bosons and the orthopositronium decay rate problem</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The discrepancy between theory and experiment for the orthopositronium (o-Ps) decay rate could be resolved by an exotic decay branch o-Ps{r_arrow}X{sup 0}{gamma}{gamma}, where X{sup 0} is a low-mass C-<span class="hlt">odd</span> boson. An experimental search for X{sup 0} is reported in which Compton-like interactions with electrons or decay {gamma} rays (X{sup 0}{r_arrow}3{gamma}) could be detected. None are observed and sensitive, but model-dependent limits are set (for two specific models). One model, testable by this method, allows the good agreement between theory and experiment for the parapositronium decay rate to be reconciled with the disagreement for the o-Ps decay rate. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society}</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Skalsey, M.; Conti, R.S. [H.M. Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)] [H.M. Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">219</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21419532"> <span id="translatedtitle">Analytical description of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei near the critical point of the spherical to axially deformed shape transition</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A coupling scheme for even-even nuclei with the X(5) critical point symmetry coupled to a single valence nucleon in a j orbit is proposed to approximately describe the critical point phenomena of spherical to axially deformed shape (phase) transition in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclear systems. The corresponding scheme, which can be solved analytically, is called the X(5/(2j+1)) model. A special case with j=1/2 is analyzed in detail to show its level structure and transition patterns. It is further <span class="hlt">shown</span> that {sup 189}Au and {sup 155}Tb may be possible X(5/(2j+1)) symmetry candidates with j=1/2 and j=3/2, respectively.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang Yu [Department of Physics, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Pan Feng [Department of Physics, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029 (China); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States); Liu Yuxin [Department of Physics and the National Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Center of Theoretical Nuclear Physics, National Laboratory of Heavy Ion Accelerator, Lanzhou 730000 (China); Hou Zhanfeng [Department of Physics and the National Key Laboratory of Nuclear Physics and Technology, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Draayer, J. P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, Louisiana 70803-4001 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-09-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">220</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008AGUFMED23B0644K"> <span id="translatedtitle">3D Viewing: <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Perception - Illusion? reality? or both?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We live in the three dimensional space, don't we? It could be at least four dimensions, but that is another story. In either way our perceptual capability of 3D-Viewing is constrained by our 2D-perception (our intrinsic tools of perception). I carried out a few visual experiments using topographic data to show our intrinsic (or biological) disability (or shortcoming) in 3D-recognition of our world. Results of the experiments suggest: (1) 3D-surface model displayed on a 2D-computer screen (or paper) always has two interpretations of the 3D- surface geometry, if we choose one of the interpretation (in other word, if we are hooked by one perception of the two), we maintain its perception even if the 3D-model changes its viewing perspective in time <span class="hlt">shown</span> on the screen, (2) more interesting is that 3D-real solid object (e.g.,made of clay) also gives above mentioned two interpretations of the geometry of the object, if we observe the object with one-eye. Most famous example of this viewing illusion is exemplified by a magician, who died in 2007, Jerry Andrus who made a super-cool paper crafted dragon which causes visual illusion to one-eyed viewer. I, by the experiments, confirmed this phenomenon in another perceptually persuasive (deceptive?) way. My conclusion is that this illusion is intrinsic, i.e. reality for human, because, even if we live in 3D-space, our perceptional tool (eyes) is composed of 2D sensors whose information is reconstructed or processed to 3D by our experience-based brain. So, (3) when we observe the 3D-surface-model on the computer screen, we are always one eye short even if we use both eyes. One last suggestion from my experiments is that recent highly sophisticated 3D- models might include too many information that human perceptions cannot handle properly, i.e. we might not be understanding the 3D world (geospace) at all, just illusioned.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kisimoto, K.; Iizasa, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_10");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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showDiv("page_24");' href="#">24</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_25");' href="#">25</a> </span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">221</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://her.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/23/1/125.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Factors associated with young children's self-perceived <span class="hlt">physical</span> competence and self-reported <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with self-reported <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity (PA), self-perceived <span class="hlt">physical</span> fitness and compe- tence in <span class="hlt">physical</span> education (PE) among young children. The study included <span class="hlt">physical</span> tests, anthropometric measures and a questionnaire. The study group comprised 206 children (114 boys and 92 girls, aged 8-12 years). Positive <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio was used in the logistic</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A.-C. Sollerhed; E. Apitzsch; L. Rastam; G. Ejlertsson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">222</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014IJMPA..2950068B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Consistency and universality in <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even dimensional space-time QFT perturbative calculations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The questions related to the consistent interpretation of QFT perturbative amplitudes are considered in light of a novel procedure, alternative to the traditional ones based on regularization prescriptions. A detailed discussion about the aspects associated to the space-time dimension is performed. For this purpose, it is considered a simple model having a fermionic vector current, coupled to a vector field, as well as a fermionic scalar current, coupled to a scalar field, both of them composed by different species of massive fermions. The referred currents are related in a precise way, which is reflected in the Ward identities for the perturbative <span class="hlt">physical</span> amplitudes. The double vector two-point fermionic function, related to the vacuum polarization tensor of QED, as well as the amplitudes related to such quantity through relations among Green functions are explicit evaluated in space-time dimensions d = 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6. In the adopted procedure the perturbative amplitudes are not modified in intermediary steps of the calculations, as occurs in regularization procedures. Divergent Feynman integrals are not really solved. They appear only in standard objects, conveniently defined, where no <span class="hlt">physical</span> parameter is present. Only very general properties for such quantities are assumed. For the finite parts, a set of functions is introduced which allows universal forms for the results. We show that scale independent, ambiguity free amplitudes are automatically obtained in a regularization independent way. As a consequence, interesting and, in certain way, surprising aspects are revealed in a clear and transparent way when the Ward identities and low-energy limits are verified for the simple amplitudes considered in the presently reported investigation. The obtained results suggest that the procedure can be considered as an advantageous tool to handle with the problem of divergences in perturbative solutions of QFT's, relative to the traditional regularization techniques, since the obtained results are so consistent as desirable and there are no limitations of applicability. In particular, the method can be applied in <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even space-time dimensions having extra dimensions, which is not possible within the context of traditional regularization.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Battistel, O. A.; Dallabona, G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">223</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3602357"> <span id="translatedtitle">Stimulant Use, Religiosity, and the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Developing or Maintaining an Alcohol Use Disorder Over Time</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: Little is known about whether cocaine or methamphetamine use, particularly among stimulant users residing in rural areas, is associated with increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of developing or maintaining an alcohol use disorder (AUD) over time. One factor that may help to protect some users against the development of an AUD is religiosity. This study examined how stimulant use and religiosity are associated longitudinally with the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of an AUD among a rural population-based cohort of stimulant users. Method: Recent stimulant users (N = 710) were recruited via respondent-driven sampling and were interviewed every 6 months over a 3-year period. Concurrent and lagged generalized estimating equations analyses were conducted to estimate how past-30-day crack cocaine, powder cocaine, and methamphetamine use; religiosity; and other covariates were associated with the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of an AUD. Results: At baseline, 56% of the participants met AUD criteria. The <span class="hlt">odds</span> of an AUD declined significantly over time in the concurrent, but not the lagged, model. Crack cocaine use was associated with increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of an AUD in both models, although the strength of the concurrent association between an AUD and crack cocaine use declined over time. Powder cocaine use and more frequent church attendance also were concurrently associated with decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of an AUD. Conclusions: Rural stimulant users, especially those using cocaine, could potentially benefit from treatment for both alcohol use and stimulant use. In addition, our findings suggest that greater frequency of church attendance may be related to lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> of the development or maintenance of an AUD.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Borders, Tyrone F.; Boothc, Brendam M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">224</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3786008"> <span id="translatedtitle">Anger and Irritability Symptoms among Youth with <span class="hlt">ODD</span>: Cross-Informant Versus Source-Exclusive Syndromes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examined differences in co-occurring psychological symptoms and background characteristics among clinically referred youth with oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) with and without anger/irritability symptoms (AIS) according to either parent or teacher (source-exclusive) and both informants (cross-informant), youth with noncompliant symptoms (NS) of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and non-<span class="hlt">ODD</span> clinic controls. Parents and teachers evaluated 1127 youth (ages 6–18) with a DSM-IV-referenced rating scale to assess <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and co-occurring psychological symptoms. Parents also completed a background questionnaire (demographic, developmental, treatment, relationship, and academic characteristics) and teachers rated school functioning. Source-exclusive AIS groups were associated with different clinical features, and there was some evidence that cross-informant youth had more mental health concerns than source-exclusive groups. Findings varied to some extent among older (12–18 years) versus younger (6–11 years) youth. In general, the NS group (youth without AIS) was the most similar to clinic controls. AIS and NS are likely candidates for component phenotypes in <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and continued research into their pathogenesis may have important implications for nosology, etiology, and intervention.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drabick, Deborah A. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">225</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012AGUFM.P11B1809K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Heterogeneous Ice Processes Important for <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Hydrogen and Ozone on Mars</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-hydrogen chemistry plays an important role in the ozone budget and the stabilization of carbon dioxide in the Martian atmosphere. In the lower atmosphere, heterogeneous processes influence the fate of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen species. The quantitative details of these heterogeneous physicochemical processes are poorly understood, leading to discrepancies between models and observations of the Martian atmosphere. Atmospheric models consistently underestimate the ozone abundances and overestimate the hydrogen peroxide densities. Heterogeneous loss of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen species has been suggested as a possible explanation. Relevant laboratory results are scarce in the literature, especially at the temperature range appropriate for the Martian atmosphere. We are conducting laboratory experiments to determine the uptake of various <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen species by water ice and other substrates. We use a Knudsen cell apparatus, which is a low-pressure stirred-flow reactor in a configuration that allows heterogeneous uptake effects to be quantified by the change in the concentration of a gas phase species mixture flowing over a condensed matter substrate. We will present our recent results and discuss their relevance to the Martian <span class="hlt">odd</span>-hydrogen and ozone chemistry. This material is based upon work supported by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under Grant NNX10AM85G issued through the Mars Fundamental Research Program.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kostko, O.; Marschall, J.; Kalogerakis, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">226</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3169721"> <span id="translatedtitle">Impact of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> Dimensions on the Temporal Ordering of Conduct Problems and Depression across Childhood and Adolescence in Girls</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background Little is known about the role of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions on the temporal unfolding of CD and depression in girls between childhood and adolescence. Method The year-to-year associations between CD and depressive symptomatology were examined using nine waves of annually collected data (ages 8 through 16 years) from 1215 participants of the Pittsburgh Girls Study. A series of autoregressive path models were tested that included <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Emotion Dysregulation (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED) and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance, as time varying covariates on CD predicting depression severity in the following year, and vice versa. Results Conduct problems, depression, and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions were relatively stable throughout childhood and adolescence, and a moderate degree of covariance was observed between these variables. Path analyses showed that CD often preceded depression across this developmental period, although the effect sizes were small. There was less consistent prediction from depression to CD. The overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED and CD partially explained the prospective relations from CD to depression, whereas these paths were fully explained by the overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED and depression. The overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance and CD did not account for the prospective relations from CD to depression. In contrast, the overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance and depression accounted for virtually all paths from CD to depression. Accounting for the overlap between <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions and both CD and depression eliminated all significant predictive paths. Conclusions Symptoms of CD tend to precede depression in girls during childhood and adolescence. However, covariance between depression and both <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-ED and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-Defiance accounts for these prospective relations. <span class="hlt">ODD</span> dimensions should be assessed when evaluating risk for comorbid depression in girls with conduct problems, and emotion dysregulation and defiance aspects of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> should be identified as targets for treatment in order to prevent depression in the future.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hipwell, Alison E.; Stepp, Stephanie; Feng, Xin; Burke, Jeff; Battista, Deena R.; Loeber, Rolf; Keenan, Kate</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">227</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014NuPhA.927...91A"> <span id="translatedtitle">A description of <span class="hlt">odd</span> mass Xe and Te isotopes in the Interacting Boson-Fermion Model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent interest in spectroscopic factors for single-neutron transfer in low-spin states of the even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Xenon 125,127,129.131Xe and even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Tellurium, 123,125,127,129,131Te isotopes stimulated us to study these isotopes within the framework of the Interacting Boson-Fermion Model. The fermion that is coupled to the system of bosons is taken to be in the positive parity 3s1/2, 2d3/2, 2d5/2, 1g7/2 and in the negative 1h11/2 single-particle orbits, the complete 50-82 major shell. The calculated energies of low-spin energy levels of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes are found to agree well with the experimental data. Also, B(E2), B(M1) values and spectroscopic factors for single-neutron transfer are calculated and compared with experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Abu-Musleh, S.; Abu-Zeid, H. M.; Scholten, O.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">228</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9866077"> <span id="translatedtitle">Factors influencing elementary school teachers' ratings of ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> behaviors.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Examined factors that influence teachers' ratings of children with either attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>). 105 teachers watched 2 videotapes--1 depicting a normal child and the other a child with either ADHD or <span class="hlt">ODD</span>--and rated each child using 2 different questionnaires. Results indicated that teachers accurately rated the child on the ADHD versus <span class="hlt">ODD</span> tape as having significantly more inattention and hyperactivity but significantly less oppositionality. However, effect sizes indicated the presence of a unidirectional, negative halo effect of oppositional behaviors on ratings of hyperactivity and inattention. Teachers appeared less biased in their judgments when using a well-operationalized rating scale. Finally, knowledge, education, and experience with children with ADHD generally had no effect on the accuracy of teachers' ratings. PMID:9866077</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stevens, J; Quittner, A L; Abikoff, H</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">229</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvC..89c4623M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microscopic description of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect in cold fission</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The time-dependent equations of motion for the pair-breaking effect were corroborated with a condition that fixes dynamically the number of particles on the two-fission fragment. The single-particle level scheme was calculated with the Woods-Saxon superasymmetric two-center shell model. This model provides a continuous variation of the energies from one nucleus up to two separated fragments. The dissipated energy resorts from the time-dependent pairing equations. A peculiar phenomenon was observed experimentally in cold fission: the <span class="hlt">odd</span> partition yields are favored over the even ones. This <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect for cold fission was explained microscopically.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mirea, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">230</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvE..88a2903P"> <span id="translatedtitle">Time-delayed feedback control design beyond the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number limitation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present an algorithm for a time-delayed feedback control design to stabilize periodic orbits with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of positive Floquet exponents in autonomous systems. Due to the so-called <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number theorem such orbits have been considered as uncontrollable by time-delayed feedback methods. However, this theorem has been refuted by a counterexample and recently a corrected version of the theorem has been proved. In our algorithm, the control matrix is designed using a relationship between Floquet multipliers of the systems controlled by time-delayed and proportional feedback. The efficacy of the algorithm is demonstrated with the Lorenz and Chua systems.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pyragas, Kestutis; Novi?enko, Viktor</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">231</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21596677"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in Z and N distributions of fragments emitted at intermediate energies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in Z and N distributions of light fragments emitted at forward angles in nuclear collisions {sup 40}Ca + {sup 40}Ca, {sup 40}Ca + {sup 48}Ca, and {sup 48}Ca + {sup 48}Ca at 25 MeV/nucleon and identified in charge and mass with the Chimera multidetector have been analyzed. The amplitude of even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> staggering effects seems to be related to the neutron to proton ratio N/Z of the entrance channels. A qualitative explanation of this effect, taking into account the deexcitation phase of primary excited fragments, is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lombardo, I.; Lanzalone, G. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy); Facolta di Ingegneria ed Architettura, Universita' 'Kore'' di Enna, Enna (Italy); Agodi, C.; Amorini, F.; Anzalone, A.; Han, J.; Maiolino, C. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy); Auditore, L.; Loria, D.; Trifiro, A.; Trimarchi, M. [Dipartimento di Fisica, Universita di Messina and INFN-Gruppo Collegato, Messina (Italy); Berceanu, I. [Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering, Bucharest (Romania); Cardella, G.; De Filippo, E.; Pagano, A.; Papa, M.; Pirrone, S. [INFN-Sezione di Catania, Via S. Sofia, 95123 Catania (Italy); Cavallaro, S.; Porto, F.; Rizzo, F. [INFN-Laboratori Nazionali del Sud, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy); Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Universita di Catania, Via S. Sofia, Catania (Italy)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">232</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21499264"> <span id="translatedtitle">Extended approximation for the lowest-lying states in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An enhanced model, based on the extended boson approximation, for the lowest-lying states in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei is presented. Our approach is built on the quasiparticle phonon model, extending it to take into account the ground-state correlations due to the action of the Pauli principle more accurately than in the conventional theory. The derived interaction strengths between the quasiparticles and the phonons in this model depend on the quasiparticle occupation numbers explicitly coupling the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nucleus equations with those of the even-even core. Within this model we calculated the transition probabilities in several Te, Xe, and Ba isotopes with A{approx_equal}130.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mishev, S.; Voronov, V. V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 6 Joliot-Curie str., Dubna 141980 (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">233</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21255469"> <span id="translatedtitle">Probing the effects of the time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> terms in the Skyrme functional in superdeformed bands</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Universal effective nucleon-nucleon interactions for use in self-consistent mean-field-based methods are commonly adjusted to selected properties of even-even nuclei and spin-saturated nuclear matter. This implies that the so-called 'time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> terms' in the related energy density functionals, which represent the interaction among spins and currents, are rarely directly adjusted to observables. In this contribution, we analyze the impact of the time-<span class="hlt">odd</span> terms on dynamical moments of inertia of superdeformed rotational bands in {sup 194}Hg.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hellemans, V.; Heenen, P.-H. [Universite Libre de Bruxelles, Physique Nucleaire Theorique, CP229, B-1050 Bruxelles (Belgium); Bender, M. [Universite Bordeaux, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR5797, F-33175 Gradignan (France); CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux Gradignan, UMR5797, F-33175 Gradignan (France)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-28</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">234</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1992ZPhyD..22..667R"> <span id="translatedtitle">A role of the hyperfine interaction of the negative muon and an electron shell in forming P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> correlations in the muonic ion ?20 Ne</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The weak interaction of neutral currents of the negative muon and nucleons results in arising P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> correlations in the radiative 2 s? 1 s muon-ion transition. At the present paper we consider how the hyperfine muon-electron interaction influences forming these correlations in the muonic ion ?20 Ne with one K-electron. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the general form of expressions describing a P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetry of an angular distribution of the quanta and their circular polarization does not depend on electron configurations. On the other hand such dependence takes place for expressions describing an angular correlation between the momenta of the quantum and the hard electron emitted in the ?-decay process at the 1 s-orbit. Therefore we think that measuring the P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetry of the angular distribution is the preferable experiment for studying the neutral currents interaction. The spin polarization of the muon at the 2 s-orbit can be obtained by measuring the circular polarization of the quanta in the same experiment.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Romanov, S. V.; Grechukhin, D. P.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1992-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">235</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2003JPCM...15L.271M"> <span id="translatedtitle">LETTER TO THE EDITOR: The polar-type density of states in a non-unitary <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity superconducting state with a gap with point nodes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that a density of states (DOS) proportional to the excitation energy, a so-called polar-like DOS, can arise in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity states, with the superconducting gap vanishing at points even though the spin-orbit interaction for Cooper pairing is strong. Such gap structures are realized in the non-unitary states, F1u (1, i, 0), F1u (1, varepsilon, varepsilon2), and F2u (1, i, 0), classified by Volovik and Gorkov (1985 Sov. Phys.-JETP 61 843). This is due to the gap vanishing in a quadratic manner around a point on the Fermi surface.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Miyake, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">236</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52903370"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> Sensation Induced by Moving-Phantom which Triggers Subconscious Motor Program</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Our motor actions are sometimes not properly performed despite our having complete understanding of the environmental situation with a suitable action intention. In most cases, insufficient skill for motor control can explain the improper performance. A notable exception is the action of stepping onto a stopped escalator, which causes clumsy movements accompanied by an <span class="hlt">odd</span> sensation. Previous studies have examined</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Takao Fukui; Toshitaka Kimura; Koji Kadota; Shinsuke Shimojo; Hiroaki Gomi; Jan Lauwereyns</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">237</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=gender+AND+differences+AND+short+AND+term+AND+memory&pg=5&id=EJ958140"> <span id="translatedtitle">Executive Functioning Deficits in Relation to Symptoms of ADHD and/or <span class="hlt">ODD</span> in Preschool Children</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The present study investigated the relation between executive functioning and symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Oppositional Defiant Disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) in children aged 4-6. A population-based sample (n = 201) was used and laboratory measures of inhibition, working memory and verbal fluency and teacher ratings of…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thorell, Lisa B.; Wahlstedt, Cecilia</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">238</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=first&pg=4&id=EJ985833"> <span id="translatedtitle">Why the Faulhaber Polynomials Are Sums of Even or <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Powers of (n + 1/2)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">By extending Faulhaber's polynomial to negative values of n, the sum of the p'th powers of the first n integers is seen to be an even or <span class="hlt">odd</span> polynomial in (n + 1/2) and therefore expressible in terms of the sum of the first n integers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hersh, Reuben</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">239</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=probability&pg=7&id=EJ689282"> <span id="translatedtitle">How Much More Likely? The Implications of <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratios for Probabilities</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Binary outcome data are common in research and evaluation. They are often analyzed using logistic regression, and results of these analyses are often reported in the form of <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (ORs). However, ORs are not directly interpretable in the metric commonly used in policy-relevant discussions, which concerns probabilities. ORs are unfamiliar to…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liberman, Akiva M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">240</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005PhRvC..72d4318B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neutron drip line in <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even mass calcium and nickel nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neutron-rich Ca and Ni nuclei have been studied in a spherical relativistic mean-field formalism in coordinate space. A ? interaction has been adopted to treat the pairing correlations for the neutrons. <span class="hlt">Odd</span> nuclei have been treated in the blocking approximation. The effect of the positive-energy continuum and the role of pairing in the stability of nuclei have been investigated by use of the resonant-BCS approach. In Ca isotopes, N=50 is no longer a magic number, whereas in Ni nuclei, a new magic number emerges at N=70. There is a remarkable difference in the relative positions of the drip lines for <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even isotopes. In Ca isotopes, the last bound even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> nuclei are found to be 72Ca and 59Ca, respectively. In Ni isotopes, the corresponding nuclei are 98Ni and 97Ni, respectively. The origin of this difference in relative positions of the drip line in even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes in the two chains is traced to the difference in the single-particle level structures and consequent modification in the magic numbers in the two elements. Pairing interaction is seen to play a major role. The effect of the width of the resonance states on pairing has also been investigated.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bhattacharya, Madhubrata; Gangopadhyay, G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_11");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' href="#">4</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_5");' href="#">5</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_6");' href="#">6</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_7");' href="#">7</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_8");' href="#">8</a> <a 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showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">241</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PPNL...10..336B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear spin-orbit interaction and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> angular correlations in ternary fission</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> angular correlations in ternary fission of 233U and 235U nuclei by slow polarized neutrons are not related to TRI (time reversal invariance) violation, but are caused by an effective spin-orbit interaction in the final state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Barabanov, A. L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">242</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=welfare+AND+risk&pg=6&id=EJ750700"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teenage Parenthood among Child Welfare Clients: A Swedish National Cohort Study of Prevalence and <span class="hlt">Odds</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">To assess prevalence and <span class="hlt">odds</span> for teenage parenthood among former child welfare clients, we used national register data for all children born in Sweden 1972-1983 (n = 1,178,207), including 49,582 former child welfare clients with varying intervention experiences. Logistic regression models, adjusted for demographic, socio-economic and familial…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vinnerljung, Bo; Franzen, Eva; Danielsson, Maria</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">243</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/725128"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Linear-time Algorithm for Computing the Intersection of All <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Cycles in a Graph</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present a linear-time algorithm that finds all edges and vertices in the intersection of all <span class="hlt">odd</span> cycles in a given graph. We also show an application of our algorithm to a variant of the satisfiability problem of Boolean formulas.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Leizhen Cai; Baruch Schieber</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1997-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">244</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19905623"> <span id="translatedtitle">Observation of the naive-T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Sivers effect in deep-inelastic scattering.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Azimuthal single-spin asymmetries of leptoproduced pions and charged kaons were measured on a transversely polarized hydrogen target. Evidence for a naive-T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution function is deduced from nonvanishing Sivers effects for pi(+), pi(0), and K(+/-), as well as in the difference of the pi(+) and pi(-) cross sections. PMID:19905623</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Airapetian, A; Akopov, N; Akopov, Z; Aschenauer, E C; Augustyniak, W; Avetissian, A; Avetisyan, E; Bacchetta, A; Ball, B; Bianchi, N; Blok, H P; Böttcher, H; Bonomo, C; Borissov, A; Bryzgalov, V; Burns, J; Capiluppi, M; Capitani, G P; Cisbani, E; Ciullo, G; Contalbrigo, M; Dalpiaz, P F; Deconinck, W; De Leo, R; De Nardo, L; De Sanctis, E; Diefenthaler, M; Di Nezza, P; Dreschler, J; Düren, M; Ehrenfried, M; Elbakian, G; Ellinghaus, F; Elschenbroich, U; Fabbri, R; Fantoni, A; Felawka, L; Frullani, S; Gabbert, D; Gapienko, G; Gapienko, V; Garibaldi, F; Gharibyan, V; Giordano, F; Gliske, S; Hadjidakis, C; Hartig, M; Hasch, D; Hill, G; Hillenbrand, A; Hoek, M; Holler, Y; Hristova, I; Imazu, Y; Ivanilov, A; Jackson, H E; Jo, H S; Joosten, S; Kaiser, R; Keri, T; Kinney, E; Kisselev, A; Korotkov, V; Kozlov, V; Kravchenko, P; Lagamba, L; Lamb, R; Lapikás, L; Lehmann, I; Lenisa, P; Linden-Levy, L A; López Ruiz, A; Lorenzon, W; Lu, X-G; Lu, X-R; Ma, B-Q; Mahon, D; Makins, N C R; Manaenkov, S I; Manfré, L; Mao, Y; Marianski, B; Martinez de la Ossa, A; Marukyan, H; Miller, C A; Miyachi, Y; Movsisyan, A; Murray, M; Mussgiller, A; Nappi, E; Naryshkin, Y; Nass, A; Negodaev, M; Nowak, W-D; Pappalardo, L L; Perez-Benito, R; Reimer, P E; Reolon, A R; Riedl, C; Rith, K; Rosner, G; Rostomyan, A; Rubin, J; Ryckbosch, D; Salomatin, Y; Sanftl, F; Schäfer, A; Schnell, G; Schüler, K P; Seitz, B; Shibata, T-A; Shutov, V; Stancari, M; Statera, M; Steijger, J J M; Stenzel, H; Stewart, J; Stinzing, F; Taroian, S; Terkulov, A; Trzcinski, A; Tytgat, M; Vandenbroucke, A; van der Nat, P B; Van Haarlem, Y; Van Hulse, C; Varanda, M; Veretennikov, D; Vikhrov, V; Vilardi, I; Vogel, C; Wang, S; Yaschenko, S; Ye, H; Ye, Z; Yen, S; Yu, W; Zeiler, D; Zihlmann, B; Zupranski, P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">245</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED522773.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improving the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Adolescents: State Policies That Support Adolescent Health and Well-Being. Report</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For policymakers, adolescence presents an invaluable opportunity to ensure that all young people can access the high-quality services and supports they need to improve their <span class="hlt">odds</span> of becoming successful, healthy, productive adults. At an historic moment when the provisions and breadth of health care reform are under vigorous debate, it is important…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schwarz, Susan Wile; Aratani, Yumiko</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">246</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=hessen&id=EJ720517"> <span id="translatedtitle">Constant Latent <span class="hlt">Odds</span>-Ratios Models and the Mantel-Haenszel Null Hypothesis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the present paper, a new family of item response theory (IRT) models for dichotomous item scores is proposed. Two basic assumptions define the most general model of this family. The first assumption is local independence of the item scores given a unidimensional latent trait. The second assumption is that the <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios for all item-pairs are…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hessen, David J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">247</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=DE82700973"> <span id="translatedtitle">Gluon Corrections to p-<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Effects at Muon Pair Production in Hadron Collisions.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For muon pair production in hadron-hadron collisions the contribution of a single-photon mechanism and the mechanism due to neutral weak muon and hadrons currents is studied. In a general case this interference leads to three types of P-<span class="hlt">odd</span> dependence on ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">M. P. Rekalo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">248</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=teen&pg=5&id=EJ694586"> <span id="translatedtitle">Community Opportunity, Perceptions of Opportunity, and the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of an Adolescent Birth</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The ability of the opportunity cost framework to predict the risk of a teen birth is tested by analyzing the relationship between adolescents perceptions of opportunity and the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of a teen birth across levels of community opportunity. Patterns of this relationship are compared across African American, Latina, and White teens and across…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Driscoll, Anne; Sugland, Barbara; Manlove, Jennifer; Papillo, Angela</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">249</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvD..88b6010C"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> spin glueball masses and the odderon Regge trajectories from the holographic hardwall model</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We use the holographic hardwall model to calculate the masses of light glueball states with <span class="hlt">odd</span> spin and P=C=-1 associated with odderons. Considering Dirichlet and Neumann boundary conditions we obtain expressions for the odderon Regge trajectories consistent with those calculated using other approaches.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Capossoli, Eduardo Folco; Boschi-Filho, Henrique</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">250</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=cds&pg=2&id=EJ971540"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mother-Teacher Agreement on Preschoolers' Symptoms of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and CD: Does Context Matter?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The aims of this study were to examine mother-teacher agreement on oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms and diagnoses in preschool children; to determine if context is a source of disagreement; and to explore if sex, referral status, and age moderated agreement rates. Participants included 158 male and 139 female…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Strickland, Jennifer; Hopkins, Joyce; Keenan, Kate</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">251</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3072859"> <span id="translatedtitle">Prospectively Assessed Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Associated <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objectives We examined the association of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity with prospectively assessed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in a military cohort. Methods Using baseline and follow-up questionnaire data from a large prospective study of U.S. service members, we applied multivariable logistic regression to examine the adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> of new-onset and persistent PTSD symptoms associated with light/moderate <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, and strength training at follow-up. Results Of the 38,883 participants, 89.4% reported engaging in at least 30 minutes of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity per week. At follow-up, those who reported proportionately less <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity were more likely to screen positive for PTSD. Vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity had the most consistent relationship with PTSD. Those who reported at least 20 minutes of vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity twice weekly had significantly decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for new-onset (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio [OR] = 0.58, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.49, 0.70) and persistent (OR=0.59, 95% CI 0.42, 0.83) PTSD symptoms. Conclusions Engagement in <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, especially vigorous activity, is significantly associated with decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of PTSD symptoms among U.S. service members. While further longitudinal research is necessary, a <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity component may be valuable to PTSD treatment and prevention programs.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">LeardMann, Cynthia A.; Kelton, Molly L.; Smith, Besa; Littman, Alyson J.; Boyko, Edward J.; Wells, Timothy S.; Smith, Tyler C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">252</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=63-MA9-60&hterms=faith&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3Dfaith"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Mercury-Atlas-9 spacecraft, Faith 7, is <span class="hlt">shown</span> during mating of spacecraft to the Atlas booster a</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Mercury-Atlas-9 spacecraft #20, Faith 7, is <span class="hlt">shown</span> during mating of spacecraft to the Atlas booster at Pad 14, Cape Canaveral, Fla. ''Faith 7'' named by Astronaut L. Gordon Cooper is programmed for a 22-orbit mission, lasting 30 hours and 20 minutes, with impact near Midway Island.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1963-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">253</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=AC80-0107-10&hterms=ac80&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3Dac80"> <span id="translatedtitle">Photograph by DFRC 1980-02-06 Photograph by DFRC Space Shuttle Orbiter 102 Columbia is <span class="hlt">shown</span> backing</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Photograph by DFRC 1980-02-06 Photograph by DFRC Space Shuttle Orbiter 102 Columbia is <span class="hlt">shown</span> backing out of its manufacturing facililty at Palmdale, CA, the Rockwell international Space Division Plant, enroute to Dryden Flgiht Research Center. This Orbiter will be the first shuttle spacecraft that will carry two astronauts, John Young and Richard Crippen, into earth orbital test flight in late 1979.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">254</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17710552"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neighborhood factors associated with <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity and adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Healthy diet, <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, smoking, and adequate weight gain are all associated with maternal health and fetal growth during pregnancy. Neighborhood characteristics have been associated with poor maternal and child health outcomes, yet conceptualization of potential mechanisms are still needed. Unique information captured by neighborhood inventories, mostly conducted in northern US and Canadian urban areas, has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to reveal important aspects of the community environment that are not captured by the demographic quantities in census data. This study used data from the Pregnancy, Nutrition, and Infection (PIN) prospective cohort study to estimate the influences of individual-level and neighborhood-level characteristics on health behaviors and adequacy of weight gain during pregnancy. Women who participated in the PIN study and who resided in Raleigh, North Carolina and its surrounding suburbs were included (n = 703). Results from a neighborhood data collection inventory identified three social constructs, <span class="hlt">physical</span> incivilities, territoriality, and social spaces, which were hypothesized to influence maternal health behaviors. The <span class="hlt">physical</span> incivility scale was associated with decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> (adjusted OR = 0.74, 95%CI = 0.57, 0.98) in participating in vigorous leisure activity before pregnancy after controlling for several individual confounders, and a crude association for decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of excessive weight gain (OR = 0.79, 95%CI = 0.64, 0.98). The social spaces scale was associated with decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for inadequate (adjusted OR = 0.74, 95%CI = 0.56, 0.98) and excessive (adjusted OR = 0.69, 95%CI = 0.54, 0.98) gestational weight gain. The social spaces scale was also associated with decreased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of living greater than 3 miles from a supermarket (adjusted OR = 0.03, 95%CI = 0.00, 0.27). Territoriality was not associated with any pregnancy-related health behavior. None of the neighborhood constructs were associated with smoking or diet quality. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> incivilities and social spaces neighborhood characteristics may be important to measure to improve our understanding of the potential mechanisms through which neighborhood environments influence health. PMID:17710552</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Laraia, Barbara; Messer, Lynne; Evenson, Kelly; Kaufman, Jay S</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">255</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=college+AND+suicide&pg=6&id=EJ654769"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity, Sports Participation, and Suicidal Behavior among College Students.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Used data from the 1995 National College Health Risk Behavior Survey to evaluate the relationship between <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, sports participation, and suicide among college students. Overall, selected <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity patterns were associated in a non-systematic manner with decreased or increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> of suicidal behavior among male and female…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brown, David R.; Blanton, Curtis J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2002-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">256</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.physicscentral.com/explore/action/fiddle.cfm"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Central: Fiddle <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This <span class="hlt">Physics</span>Central article describes the <span class="hlt">physics</span> behind violins. The article discusses the mechanics of violin construction and how violinists produce sound. It includes labeled pictures of violin parts, animations of how the violin bow works, and other helpful images.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Popkin, Gabriel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-11-16</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">257</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/11552504"> <span id="translatedtitle">What's the Relative Risk? A Method of Correcting the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio in Cohort Studies of Common Outcomes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Logistic regression is used frequently in cohort studies and clinical trials. When the incidence of an outcome of interest is common in the study population (.10%), the adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio derived from the logistic regression can no longer approximate the risk ratio. The more frequent the outcome, the more the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio overestimates the risk ratio when it is more</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jun Zhang; Kai F. Yu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">258</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52665767"> <span id="translatedtitle">Synchronous measurement of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortion at the resonant frequency of a superconducting resonator</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method has been developed that uses three input tones to measure both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order intermodulation distortions (IMDs) inside the pass band of resonant devices. With this technique the surface current density of both the driving signal and the IMD tones can be quantified. Synchronous, or same frequency, measurement of both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> order distortions permits quantitative</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Evan K. Pease; Bradley J. Dober; Stephen K. Remillard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">259</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ADHD&pg=7&id=EJ859975"> <span id="translatedtitle">Inhibition, Reinforcement Sensitivity and Temporal Information Processing in ADHD and ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>: Evidence of a Separate Entity?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study compared children with ADHD-only, ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span> and normal controls (age 8-12) on three key neurocognitive functions: response inhibition, reinforcement sensitivity, and temporal information processing. The goal was twofold: (a) to investigate neurocognitive impairments in children with ADHD-only and children with ADHD+<span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and (b) to test…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Luman, Marjolein; van Noesel, Steffen J. P.; Papanikolau, Alky; Van Oostenbruggen-Scheffer, Janneke; Veugelers, Diane; Sergeant, Joseph A.; Oosterlaan, Jaap</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">260</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ntis.gov/search/product.aspx?ABBR=N7330336"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Distribution of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Nitrogen in the Lower Stratosphere and Possible Perturbations Caused by Stratospheric Air Transport.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ntis.gov/search/index.aspx">National Technical Information Service (NTIS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the lower stratosphere a significant production of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen results from the reaction N2O + O(D-1) yields 2NO. Since the transport is relatively slow, <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen builds up with a maximum mixing ratio of 2 x 10 to the minus 8th power at 30 Km. Pro...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">E. Hesstvedt I. S. A. Isaksen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1973-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_12");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">261</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Maris&pg=4&id=EJ789913"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Note on "Constant Latent <span class="hlt">Odds</span>-Ratios Models and the Mantel-Haenszel Null Hypothesis" Hessen, 2005</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a recent paper, Hessen ("Psychometrika" 70(3):497-516, 2005) introduces the class of constant latent <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios models as an extension of the Rasch model for which the sum score is still the sufficient statistic for ability. In this paper the relation between both the general and the general parametric constant latent <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios model and the…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maris, Gunter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">262</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/40761824"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computed contributions to <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen concentrations in the Earth’s polar middle atmosphere by energetic charged particles</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A two-dimensional photochemical transport model which has inputs that characterize the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen production associated with galactic cosmic rays, solar particle events (SPEs), and lower thermospheric contributions (auroral electrons and solar EUV and soft X-rays) is used to compute <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen concentrations in the polar middle atmosphere from 1 January 1970 to 31 December 1994. We are able to separate</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Francis M. Vitt; Thomas P. Armstrong; Thomas E. Cravens; Gisela A. M. Dreschhoff; Charles H. Jackman; Claude M. Laird</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">263</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/122375"> <span id="translatedtitle">Systematics of low-lying dipole strengths in <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even Dy and Gd isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Photon scattering experiments on the <span class="hlt">odd</span>, deformed nuclei {sup 161,163}Dy and {sup 157}Gd provided detailed information on the excitation energies and transition probabilities of low-lying dipole excitations. In the case of the even-even nuclei {sup 162,164}Dy in addition spins and parities of the excited states could be determined model independently by measuring the angular distributions and the linear polarization of the scattered photons using a Compton polarimeter. The results are compared with the systematics obtained for the neighboring even-even isotopes {sup 160}Dy and {sup 156,158,160}Gd in previous photon scattering experiments. Whereas in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> Dy isotopes a concentration of dipole strength is observed, which fits nicely into the systematics of the orbital {ital M}1 mode, the dipole strength in {sup 157}Gd is completely fragmented into about 90 transitions.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Margraf, J.; Eckert, T.; Rittner, M.; Bauske, I.; Beck, O.; Kneissl, U.; Maser, H.; Pitz, H.H.; Schiller, A. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, Allmandring 3, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Brentano, P.v.; Fischer, R.; Herzberg, R.; Pietralla, N.; Zilges, A. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany)] [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Friedrichs, H. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Leihgesterner Weg 217, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)] [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Justus-Liebig-Universitaet Giessen, Leihgesterner Weg 217, D-35392 Giessen (Germany)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">264</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20868184"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-parity topological superconductors: theory and application to CuxBi2Se3.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Topological superconductors have a full pairing gap in the bulk and gapless surface Andreev bound states. In this Letter, we provide a sufficient criterion for realizing time-reversal-invariant topological superconductors in centrosymmetric superconductors with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity pairing. We next study the pairing symmetry of the newly discovered superconductor CuxBi2Se3 within a two-orbital model, and find that a novel spin-triplet pairing with <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity is favored by strong spin-orbit coupling. Based on our criterion, we propose that CuxBi2Se3 is a good candidate for a topological superconductor. We close by discussing experimental signatures of this new topological phase. PMID:20868184</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fu, Liang; Berg, Erez</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-08-27</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">265</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19770007349&hterms=linearity+coefficient&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D60%26Ntt%3Dlinearity%2Bcoefficient"> <span id="translatedtitle">Phase modulating with <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even finite power series of a modulating signal</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Method and apparatus is presented for producing a phase-modulated waveform having a high degree of linearity between the modulating signal and the phase of the modulated carrier signal. Two signals representing finite <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even power series transformations of the modulating signal are produced and multiplied with two quadrature components of the input carrier signal, respectively. One of the multiplied signals is subtracted from the other and the resulting signal is hard-limited to produce a phase-modulated output signal. The means for producing the two signals representing the <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even power series of the modulating signal includes means for varying the coefficients of the two power series. By means of an existing computer program, the coefficients of the two power series are selected such that there is an extremely high degree of linearity between the modulating signal and the phase of the modulated carrier signal.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hearn, C. P.; Couch, R. H.; Wilson, L. R. (inventors)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">266</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21175739"> <span id="translatedtitle">Absolute testing of the reference surface of a Fizeau interferometer through even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> decompositions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Absolute testing of spherical surfaces is a technological necessity because of increased accuracy requirements. In a Fizeau setup, the main part of the interferometer deviations thereby comes from the reference surface. We demonstrate the validity of an absolute testing procedure for the reference surface that has been proposed earlier. The procedure relies on the decomposition of the surface deviations into <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even parts and could be used in partially coherent illumination. The <span class="hlt">odd</span> deviations are obtained from a basic and a 180 deg. -rotated position of an auxiliary sphere, and the even deviations can be measured with the help of a cat's eye position in double pass using an opaque half screen in the interferometer aperture.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schreiner, R.; Schwider, J.; Lindlein, N.; Mantel, K</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-11-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">267</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvL.109u7004S"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Parity Pairing and Topological Superconductivity in a Strongly Spin-Orbit Coupled Semiconductor</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The existence of topological superconductors preserving time-reversal symmetry was recently predicted, and they are expected to provide a solid-state realization of itinerant massless Majorana fermions and a route to topological quantum computation. Their first likely example, CuxBi2Se3, was discovered last year, but the search for new materials has so far been hindered by the lack of a guiding principle. Here, we report point-contact spectroscopy experiments suggesting that the low-carrier-density superconductor Sn1-xInxTe is accompanied by surface Andreev bound states which, with the help of theoretical analysis, would give evidence for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity pairing and topological superconductivity. The present and previous finding of possible topological superconductivity in Sn1-xInxTe and CuxBi2Se3 suggests that <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity pairing favored by strong spin-orbit coupling is likely to be a common underlying mechanism for materializing topological superconductivity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sasaki, Satoshi; Ren, Zhi; Taskin, A. A.; Segawa, Kouji; Fu, Liang; Ando, Yoichi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">268</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12380342"> <span id="translatedtitle">Top Quark <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this contribution I review the <span class="hlt">physics</span> of top quarks at a future Linear Collider. Main emphasis is put on the process e+ e- --> t bar t close to threshold. Different <span class="hlt">physical</span> observables, their sensitivity to the basic parameters and their theoretical prediction are discussed. Recent higher order calculations are <span class="hlt">shown</span> to have a considerable impact on a precise</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Thomas Teubner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">269</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JTAP....8..118B"> <span id="translatedtitle">Number projected isovector neutron-proton pairing effect in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A formalism which enables one to strictly conserve the number of particles when taking into account the isovector pairing correlations is presented in the case of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei. With this aim, we had to first establish the expression of the projector for such systems. Expressions of the ground state and its energy have been exhibited. The model has been numerically tested in the framework of a schematic model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Berbiche, Amine; Fellah, Mohamed; Allal, Nassima H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">270</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21431308"> <span id="translatedtitle">Preschool enrollment is associated with lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> of childhood obesity among WIC participants in LA County.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The prevalence of obesity among children in the United States has increased rapidly during the past few decades. Research into social and behavioral determinants of obesity could lead to innovative strategies for prevention. The objective of the present study was to examine the association between childhood obesity and preschool enrollment and number of hours in child care among low-income preschool-aged children who were participants in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). We conducted a case-control study including 556 3- to 4-year-old children who were either obese (BMI > 95th percentile of reference standard) or normal-weight (BMI 25-75th percentile). The population was largely (96%) Hispanic, an ethnic group that has one of the highest rates of overweight and obesity in adults and children in the US. In multiple logistic regression analysis, controlling for a variety of psychosocial and cognitive home environment variables, key demographics and maternal variables, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of being obese was 0.61 for children who attended preschool more than 4 days a week (95% CI: 0.41-0.90). Watching television or videos for an hour or more on a typical day (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio 1.71 (95% CI 1.07-2.75)), and higher maternal BMI (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio 1.08 (95% CI 1.05-1.11)) were independently related to <span class="hlt">odds</span> of obesity. The impact of preschool attendance and TV viewing are potentially instructive in terms of preventive interventions for children at this age. PMID:21431308</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koleilat, Maria; Harrison, Gail G; Whaley, Shannon; McGregor, Samar; Jenks, Eloise; Afifi, Abdelmonem</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">271</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22003862"> <span id="translatedtitle">Microscopic calculations of Qp-values in well-deformed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z proton emitters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Within the Hartree-Fock-BCS and Highly Truncated Diagonalization microscopic approaches we have calculated the ground-state binding energies of axially-deformed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z, even-N nuclei in the A {approx} 130 region and of the even-even daughter nuclei resulting from one-proton emission. The deduced Q{sub p} values are in fair agreement with available experimental data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bonneau, L.; Le Bloas, J.; Quentin, P. [Universite Bordeaux 1, CNRS/IN2P3, Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux-Gradignan, Gradignan F-33175 (France)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-11-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">272</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhyS...88d5304M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lifetime measurements of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> states in neutral terbium (Tb I)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Radiative lifetimes of 7 <span class="hlt">odd</span> and 11 even parity states of Tb I (Z = 65) have been measured by the time resolved laser induced fluorescence method (TR-LIF). Experimental data for 9 out of the 18 states are obtained for the first time. The radiative lifetimes presented in this study are in good agreement with previous TR-LIF experimental results but systematically shorter than those obtained by the delayed coincidence technique.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malcheva, G.; Engström, L.; Lundberg, H.; Nilsson, H.; Hartman, H.; Blagoev, K.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">273</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54063334"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear structure of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-neutron radon isotopes radon-203,205,207</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-neutron nuclei 203,205,207Rn have been investigated following heavy-ion fusion evaporation reaction experiments at Yale University, the University of Jyväskylä, and Argonne National Laboratory. The emitted gamma rays were measured at each location using the Jurosphere, YRAST Ball and Gammasphere detector arrays, respectively. Fusion products were detected at Jyväskylä using the gas-filled recoil separator RITU and at</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John R. Novak</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">274</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/939486"> <span id="translatedtitle">Entrance-channel effects in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z tranactinide compound nucleus reactions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilczynska, and Wilczynski's 'Fusion By Diffusion' description [1] of transactinide (TAN) compound nucleus (CN) formation utilizes a three-step model. The first step is the 'sticking', or capture, which can be calculated relatively accurately. The second step is the probability for the formation of a CN by 'diffusion' analogous to that of Brownian motion. Lastly, there exists the probability of the CN 'surviving' deexcitation by neutron emission, which competes with fission and other de-excitation modes. This model predicts and reproduces cross sections typically within a factor of two. Producing the same CN with different projectile-target pairs is a very sensitive way to test entrance channel effects on heavy element production cross sections. If the same CN is produced at or near the same excitation energy the survival portion of the theory is nearly identical for the two reactions. This method can be used as a critical test of the novel 'diffusion' portion of the model. The reactions producing <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z TAN CN such as Db, Bh, Mt, and Rg (Z = 105, 107, 109, and 111, respectively) were first studied using even-Z projectiles on {sup 209}Bi targets (as opposed to <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z projectiles on {sup 208}Pb targets) because lower effective fissility [2] was expected to lead to larger cross sections. Many <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z projectile reactions producing <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z CN had not been studied in-depth until very recently. We have completed studies of these reaction pairs with the 88-Inch Cyclotron and the Berkeley Gas-Filled Separator (BGS) at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), see Figure 1. Cross section ratios for several pairs of reactions will be presented and compared with theory.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nelson, S.L.; Gregorich, K.E.; Dragojevic, I.; Dullmann, Ch.E.; Eichler, R.; Folden III, C.M.; Garcia, M.A.; Gates, J.M.; Stavsetra, L.; Sudowe, R.; Nitsche, H.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">275</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014AIPC.1602.1026H"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> and even sums of generalized Fibonacci numbers by matrix methods</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">For integers A and B, and positive integers n, we define two generalized Fibonacci sequence {gn} and {hn}, respectively, by the recurrence relations gn+1 = Agn+gn-1 and hn+1 = hn+Bhn-1 where g0 = h0 = 0, g1 = h1 = 1. Using a matrix approach, we obtained the <span class="hlt">odd</span> sum and even sum of the two sequences for all values of A and B.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ho, C. K.; Chong, Chin-Yoon</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">276</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910048585&hterms=Cybernetics&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D70%26Ntt%3D%2522Cybernetics%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">Computer search for binary cyclic UEP codes of <span class="hlt">odd</span> length up to 65</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using an exhaustive computation, the unequal error protection capabilities of all binary cyclic codes of <span class="hlt">odd</span> length up to 65 that have minimum distances at least 3 are found. For those codes that can only have upper bounds on their unequal error protection capabilities computed, an analytic method developed by Dynkin and Togonidze (1976) is used to show that the upper bounds meet the exact unequal error protection capabilities.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lin, Mao-Chao; Lin, Chi-Chang; Lin, Shu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">277</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014NuPhB.878..269G"> <span id="translatedtitle">F-term stabilization of <span class="hlt">odd</span> axions in LARGE volume scenario</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In the context of the LARGE volume scenario, stabilization of axionic moduli is revisited. This includes both even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> axions with their scalar potential being generated by F-term contributions via various tree-level and non-perturbative effects like fluxed E3-brane instantons and fluxed poly-instantons. In all the cases, we estimate the decay constants and masses of the axions involved.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gao, Xin; Shukla, Pramod</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">278</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/12510555"> <span id="translatedtitle">Production of CP -even and CP -<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs bosons at muon colliders</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">.   In the s-channel Higgs-boson exchange processes, the interference between the amplitudes for CP-even and CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs bosons is sizable, if the helicities of the initial and final particles are properly fixed and if the mass difference\\u000a between these bosons is not much larger than their decay widths. We discuss this interference effect in the process . Examining the effect</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Eri Asakawa; Akio Sugamoto; Isamu Watanabe</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">279</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1425608"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> harmonic generation of ultra-intense laser pulses reflected from an overdense plasma</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A method of generating <span class="hlt">odd</span> harmonics from an intense laser incident upon a sharp vacuum-overdense plasma interface is presented. One- and two-dimensional simulations are used to investigate the interaction of ultra-intense laser pulses with a sharp vacuum-plasma interface. With an intensity greater than 1018 W\\/cm2 , these pulses have a pressure greater than 103 Mbar creating large density oscillations and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scott C. Wilks; William L. Kruer; Warren B. Mori</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1993-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">280</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/54402576"> <span id="translatedtitle">Collective gyromagnetic ratio from density dependent hartree-fock calculations (II). <span class="hlt">Odd</span> nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The collective gyromagnetic ratio and moment of inertia of deformed <span class="hlt">odd</span>-proton and oddneutron axially symmetric nuclei have been calculated in the cranking approximation using wave functions obtained with the Skyrme force SIII. Good agreement with experiment is found for gR. Our parameter-free cranking results are better than those of Prior, Boehm and Nilsson where effective charges were used. The cranking</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. W. L. Sprung; S. G. Lie; M. Valliéres</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_13");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_4");' 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onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">281</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://web.sau.edu/LillisKevinM/csci660/2008Fall/papers/AmbleeBui.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Can Brand Reputation Improve the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Being Reviewed On-Line?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent research has reinforced the importance of product reviews in e-com- merce. Since posting and maintaining on-line reviews is quite inexpensive, most e-busi- ness sites keep them for the entire duration of a product offering. Few products enjoy a steady stream of new reviews. A longitudinal study measured the impact of brand and pooled reputation on the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of additional</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Naveen Amblee; Tung Bui</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">282</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21370734"> <span id="translatedtitle">Observation of the Naive-T-<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Sivers Effect in Deep-Inelastic Scattering</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Azimuthal single-spin asymmetries of leptoproduced pions and charged kaons were measured on a transversely polarized hydrogen target. Evidence for a naive-T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, transverse-momentum-dependent parton distribution function is deduced from nonvanishing Sivers effects for pi{sup +}, pi{sup 0}, and K{sup +}-, as well as in the difference of the pi{sup +} and pi{sup -} cross sections.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Airapetian, A. [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Giessen, 35392 Giessen (Germany); Randall Laboratory of Physics, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109-1040 (United States); Akopov, N.; Akopov, Z.; Avetissian, A.; Elbakian, G.; Gharibyan, V.; Marukyan, H.; Movsisyan, A.; Taroian, S. [Yerevan Physics Institute, 375036 Yerevan (Armenia); Aschenauer, E. C.; Boettcher, H.; Fabbri, R.; Gabbert, D.; Hillenbrand, A.; Hristova, I.; Lu, X.-G.; Negodaev, M.; Nowak, W.-D.; Riedl, C.; Stewart, J. [DESY, 15738 Zeuthen (Germany)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-10-09</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">283</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21587478"> <span id="translatedtitle">LACK OF ANGULAR CORRELATION AND <span class="hlt">ODD</span>-PARITY PREFERENCE IN COSMIC MICROWAVE BACKGROUND DATA</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have investigated the angular correlation in the recent cosmic microwave background data. In addition to the known large-angle correlation anomaly, we find the lack of correlation at small angles with high statistical significance. We have investigated various non-cosmological contamination as well as the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) team's simulated data. However, we have not found a definite cause. In the angular power spectrum of WMAP data, there exists anomalous <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity preference at low multipoles. Noting the equivalence between the power spectrum and the correlation, we have investigated the association between the lack of large-angle correlation and the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity preference. From our investigation, we find that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity preference at low multipoles is, in fact, a phenomenological origin of the lack of large-angle correlation. Further investigation is required to find out whether the origin of the anomaly is cosmological or due to unaccounted systematics. The data from the Planck surveyor, which has systematics distinct from WMAP, will greatly help us to resolve its origin.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kim, Jaiseung; Naselsky, Pavel, E-mail: jkim@nbi.dk [Niels Bohr Institute and Discovery Center, Blegdamsvej 17, DK-2100 Copenhagen (Denmark)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">284</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4041527"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related 2 is required for fin chondrogenesis in zebrafish</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related 2 (osr2) encodes a vertebrate ortholog of the Drosophila <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped zinc-finger transcription factor. Osr2 in mouse is required for proper palate, eyelid, and bone development. Zebrafish knock down experiments have also suggested a role for osr2, along with its paralog osr1, in early pectoral fin specification and pronephric development. Results We show here that osr2 has a specific function later in development, independent of osr1, in the regulation of sox9a expression and promoting fin chondrogenesis. mRNA in situ hybridization demonstrated osr2 expression in the developing floorplate and later during organogenesis in the pronephros and gut epithelium. In the pectoral fin buds, osr2 was specifically expressed in fin mesenchyme. osr2 knock down in zebrafish embryos disrupted both three and five zinc finger alternatively spliced osr2 isoforms and eliminated wild-type osr2 mRNA. osr2 morphants exhibited normal pectoral fin bud specification but exhibited defective fin chondrogenesis, with loss of differentiated chondrocytes. Defects in chondrogenesis were paralleled by loss of sox9a as well as subsequent col2a1 expression, linking osr2 function to essential regulators of chondrogenesis. Conclusions The zebrafish <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related 2 gene regulates sox9a and col2a1 expression in chondrocyte development and is specifically required for zebrafish fin morphogenesis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lam, Pui-ying; Kamei, Caramai N.; Mangos, Steve; Mudumana, Sudha; Liu, Yan; Drummond, Iain A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">285</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24131153"> <span id="translatedtitle">Evening chronotypes have the increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for bronchial asthma and nocturnal asthma.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Earlier studies have found associations of chronotypes with a range of health-related factors. In the light of these findings, the behavioral trait of eveningness in particular associates with determinants that might have a negative impact on health. In this study, based on a random sample of population aged 25-74 years living in five large geographical areas in Finland (N?=?6089), we tested whether the evening chronotypes have the increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for respiratory symptoms and diseases. As a result, after controlling for socio-demographic and lifestyle factors, evening-types had wheezy breathing without respiratory infection, a diagnosed or treated bronchial asthma, awoken in shortness of breath, awoken in heavy to breath, wheezy breathing with dyspnea, wheezy breathing as such and medication for asthma more often than morning-types (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (ORs) of 1.5-1.9) and intermediate-types (ORs of 1.3-1.6). In addition, evening-types had current medication for asthma, and awoken in coughing more often (OR?=?1.5 and OR?=?1.4, respectively) than morning-types. Evening-types did not have a diagnosed or treated chronic bronchitis more frequently than others. Our results suggest that the behavioral trait of eveningness associates with the increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for the bronchial asthma and nocturnal asthma in particular. PMID:24131153</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Merikanto, Ilona; Englund, Ani; Kronholm, Erkki; Laatikainen, Tiina; Peltonen, Markku; Vartiainen, Erkki; Partonen, Timo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">286</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24627010"> <span id="translatedtitle">Bias of using <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio estimates in multinomial logistic regressions to estimate relative risk or prevalence ratio and alternatives.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent studies have emphasized that there is no justification for using the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (OR) as an approximation of the relative risk (RR) or prevalence ratio (PR). Erroneous interpretations of the OR as RR or PR must be avoided, as several studies have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the OR is not a good approximation for these measures when the outcome is common (> 10%). For multinomial outcomes it is usual to use the multinomial logistic regression. In this context, there are no studies showing the impact of the approximation of the OR in the estimates of RR or PR. This study aimed to present and discuss alternative methods to multinomial logistic regression based upon robust Poisson regression and the log-binomial model. The approaches were compared by simulating various possible scenarios. The results showed that the proposed models have more precise and accurate estimates for the RR or PR than the multinomial logistic regression, as in the case of the binary outcome. Thus also for multinomial outcomes the OR must not be used as an approximation of the RR or PR, since this may lead to incorrect conclusions. PMID:24627010</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Camey, Suzi Alves; Torman, Vanessa Bielefeldt Leotti; Hirakata, Vania Naomi; Cortes, Renan Xavier; Vigo, Alvaro</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">287</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17538672"> <span id="translatedtitle">Improving photon count and flat profiles of multiplex imaging systems with the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetric quadratic phase modulation mask.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetric quadratic (OSQ) phase mask is examined as a candidate for reduction of working distance and enhancement of light collection in multiplex imaging systems. The knowledge gained from the exact mathematical representation of the optical transfer function of the OSQ phase mask imager is exploited to explain the limits of system performance and quantify the upper bound on the magnitude of defocus within which this wavefront coding imager can successfully operate. The sensitivity of this imaging system to defocus about the special imaging condition that yields an enhanced dynamic range is examined, and it is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the modulation transfer function (MTF) degradation when the magnitude of misfocus is increased past this condition is much more gradual than the degradation of a conventional imager past a zero-misfocus state. The condition required for the spatial frequency and angular resolution of this OSQ phase mask imager to exceed that of its counterpart scaled imager is established, and results of simulated imaging under a reduced working distance configuration are presented. PMID:17538672</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Somayaji, Manjunath; Christensen, Marc P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-06-20</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">288</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24963898"> <span id="translatedtitle">Neighborhood context and immigrant children's <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity is an important determinant of obesity and overall health for children, but significant race/ethnic and nativity disparities exist in the amount of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity that children receive, with immigrant children particularly at risk for low levels of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity. In this paper, we examine and compare patterns in <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity levels for young children of U.S.-born and immigrant mothers from seven race/ethnic and nativity groups, and test whether <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity is associated with subjective (parent-reported) and objective (U.S. Census) neighborhood measures. The neighborhood measures include parental-reported perceptions of safety and <span class="hlt">physical</span> and social disorder and objectively defined neighborhood socioeconomic disadvantage and immigrant concentration. Using restricted, geo-coded Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Kindergarten (ECLS-K) data (N = 17,510) from 1998 to 1999 linked with U.S. Census 2000 data for the children's neighborhoods, we utilize zero-inflated Poisson (ZIP) models to predict the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of <span class="hlt">physical</span> inactivity and expected days of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity for kindergarten-aged children. Across both outcomes, foreign-born children have lower levels of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity compared to U.S.-born white children. This disparity is not attenuated by a child's socioeconomic, family, or neighborhood characteristics. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> and social disorder is associated with higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> of <span class="hlt">physical</span> inactivity, while perceptions of neighborhood safety are associated with increased expected days of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity, but not with inactivity. Immigrant concentration is negatively associated with both <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity outcomes, but its impact on the probability of <span class="hlt">physical</span> inactivity differs by the child's race/ethnic and nativity group, such that it is particularly detrimental for U.S.-born white children's <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity. Research interested in improving the <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity patterns of minority and second-generation immigrant children should consider how neighborhood context differentially impacts the health and <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity of children from various racial, ethnic and nativity backgrounds. PMID:24963898</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brewer, Mackenzie; Kimbro, Rachel Tolbert</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">289</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.launc.tased.edu.au/online/sciences/PhysSci/ScPhy.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> for <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Sciences</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Created by Jason Dicker at Launceston College in Tasmania, these materials present information and examples of the <span class="hlt">physics</span> concepts of radioactivity, motion, and current electricity. The Radioactivity portion contains sections on natural types of radioactivity, radioactive decay, and problems for students such as designing "a series of experiments to show that 'radioactivity' has nothing to do with sunlight" without using a Geiger counter. The Motion portion contains pages about vectors, projectile motion, momentum, and force. The final section, Current Electricity, has links to pages about charge and current, voltage, resistance, and some problems about electricity for students to solve. This is an excellent resource for <span class="hlt">physics</span> educators in higher education to use to explain <span class="hlt">physics</span> principles in the <span class="hlt">physical</span> sciences.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dicker, Jason</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">290</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1997PhDT........61Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">Against all <span class="hlt">odds</span>: Tales of survival and growth of the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) project</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study examines the dynamics of survival and growth of curricular and instructional innovations. It focuses on the Foundational Approaches in Science Teaching (FAST) project, a long-term survivor of reform in science education. Key questions guiding this study include: (1) How did the FAST project survive over the past 30 years? (2) What elements are essential for long-term survival and growth of an innovative science program? (3) Why did the project continue to survive amidst several waves of educational reform? The core of my conceptual framework is that the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of survival and growth of curricular and instructional innovations are increased by the extent to which resources, theory-based curriculum development processes, and professional development strategies are not only incorporated into but also interdependent within a project. With this framework as a guide, the main methods of data collection were document analysis, interviews, and observations. FAST, developed by the University of Hawaii's Curriculum Research and Development Group (CRDG), consists of a sequential and interdisciplinary middle and high school science program for students in grades 6-10. According to the results of this study, the project was able to survive by receiving constant organizational support from CRDG and a steady source of State funding through the university since 1966; it also retained a relatively small but stable staff of highly qualified project personnel. Formulated on a discipline-based theory that values development of students' intellectual capacities as the platform for curriculum research, design, and development, the FAST project translated this vision of science education into key elements of an innovative program that survived and thrived: (1) an interdisciplinary program consisting of <span class="hlt">physical</span>, biological, and earth sciences; inquiry as content and process; history and philosophy of science; and links between and among sciences, technology, and society; and (2) teaching and learning strategies that model a community of practicing scientists. This study also identified the main elements of professional development strategies essential for an innovative project's survival and growth: linking curriculum development to required pre-implementation inservice training, engaging project personnel in both of these phases recruiting, training a cadre of experienced FAST teachers as inservice trainers, and providing follow-up professional development seminars. In conclusion, the FAST project survived mainly because the longevity of its leaders gave stability and continuity to the project. Against many <span class="hlt">odds</span> such as limited financial resources and a small number of staff positions relative to the project's scope, the leaders managed with whatever resources were available to link theory-based curriculum development with professional development and, thereby, increase the project's chances for survival and growth.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yamamoto, Karen Kina</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">291</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/7067856"> <span id="translatedtitle">Organic solute changes with acidification in Lake Skjervatjern as <span class="hlt">shown</span> by [sup 1]H-NMR spectroscopy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">[sup 1]H-NMR spectroscopy has been found to be a useful tool to establish possible real differences and trends between all natural organic solute fractions (fulvic acids, humic acids, and XAD-4 acids) after acid-rain additions to the Lake Skjervatjern watershed. The proton NMR technique used in this study determined the spectral distribution of nonexchangeable protons among four peaks (aliphatic protons; aliphatic protons on carbon [alpha] or attached to electronegative groups; protons on carbons attached to O or N heteroatoms; and aromatic protons). Differences of 10% or more in the respective peak areas were considered to represent a real difference. After one year of acidification, fulvic acids decreased 13% (relative) in Peak 3 protons on carbon attached to N and O heteroatoms and exhibited a decrease in aromatic protons between 27% and 31%. Humic acids also exhibited an 11% relative decrease in aromatic protons as a result of acidification. After one year of acidification, real changes were <span class="hlt">shown</span> in three of the four proton assignments in XAD-4 acids. Peak 1 aliphatic protons increased by 14% (relative), Peak 3 protons on carbons attached to O and N heteroatoms decreased by 13% (relative), and aromatic protons (Peak 4) decreased by 35% (relative). Upon acidification, there was a trend in all solutes for aromatic protons to decrease and aliphatic protons to increase. The natural variation in organic solutes as <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the Control Side B of the lake from 1990 to 1991 is perhaps a small limitation to the same data interpretations of acid rain changes at the Lake Skjervatjern site, but the proton NMR technique shows great promise as an independent scientific tool to detect and support other chemical techniques in establishing organic solute changes with different treatments (i.e., additions of acid rain). 8 refs., 5 figs., 1 tab.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Malcolm, R.L. (Geological Survey, Denver, CO (United States)); Hayes, T. (Univ. of Birmingham (United Kingdom))</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">292</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4083144"> <span id="translatedtitle">Biological pattern and transcriptomic exploration and phylogenetic analysis in the <span class="hlt">odd</span> floral architecture tree: Helwingia willd</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background <span class="hlt">Odd</span> traits in few of plant species usually implicate potential biology significances in plant evolutions. The genus Helwingia Willd, a dioecious medical shrub in Aquifoliales order, has an <span class="hlt">odd</span> floral architecture-epiphyllous inflorescence. The potential significances and possible evolutionary origin of this specie are not well understood due to poorly available data of biological and genetic studies. In addition, the advent of genomics-based technologies has widely revolutionized plant species with unknown genomic information. Results Morphological and biological pattern were detailed via anatomical and pollination analyses. An RNA sequencing based transcriptomic analysis were undertaken and a high-resolution phylogenetic analysis was conducted based on single-copy genes in more than 80 species of seed plants, including H. japonica. It is verified that a potential fusion of rachis to the leaf midvein facilitates insect pollination. RNA sequencing yielded a total of 111450 unigenes; half of them had significant similarity with proteins in the public database, and 20281 unigenes were mapped to 119 pathways. Deduced from the phylogenetic analysis based on single-copy genes, the group of Helwingia is closer with Euasterids II and rather than Euasterids, congruent with previous reports using plastid sequences. Conclusions The <span class="hlt">odd</span> flower architecture make H. Willd adapt to insect pollination by hosting those insects larger than the flower in size via leave, which has little common character that other insect pollination plants hold. Further the present transcriptome greatly riches genomics information of Helwingia species and nucleus genes based phylogenetic analysis also greatly improve the resolution and robustness of phylogenetic reconstruction in H. japonica.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">293</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2005JPhG...31.1303L"> <span id="translatedtitle">Shape trends and triaxiality in neutron-rich <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass Y and Nb isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">New level schemes of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z 99,101Y (Z = 39) and 101,105Nb (Z = 41) are established based on the measurement of prompt gamma rays from the fission of 252Cf at Gammasphere. Bands of ?5/2+[422], ?5/2-[303] and ?3/2-[301] are observed and extended to provide spectroscopic information concerning nuclear shapes in this important <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z region. In combination with the level structure of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z Tc (Z = 43), Rh (Z = 45) and the neighbouring even-Z isotopes the level systematics, signature splittings and kinematic and dynamic moments of inertia of the bands in the Y and Nb isotopes are discussed in terms of shape transition and triaxiality. The pronounced difference observed in the signature splittings between Y and Tc, Rh isotopes is interpreted as evidence of the axially symmetric deformed shape in the Y isotopes, and, as previously reported, large and near maximum triaxiality in Tc-Rh isotopes. The likely lowering of crossing frequencies of the ground-state bands in Tc and Rh isotones in comparison with those in Y isotones also implies a shape transition from axially symmetric deformed shapes in Y nuclei to triaxiality in Tc and Rh isotones. Triaxial-rotor-plus-particle model calculations strongly support a pure axially symmetric shape with large quadrupole deformation in Y isotopes. The model calculations yielded ? values ranging from -19° to -13° for the 5/2+[422] ground-state bands of 101,103,105Nb and of -5° for the two negative-parity bands in 101Nb. The fact that Nb isotopes have intermediate values of signature splitting and band crossing frequencies between those of Y and Tc, Rh isotopes is interpreted as that the Nb isotopes are transitional nuclei with regard to triaxial deformation. A correlation of quadrupole deformations and of triaxiality is seen in the neutron-rich nuclei with Z = 39-45.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Luo, Y. X.; Rasmussen, J. O.; Stefanescu, I.; Gelberg, A.; Hamilton, J. H.; Ramayya, A. V.; Hwang, J. K.; Zhu, S. J.; Gore, P. M.; Fong, D.; Jones, E. F.; Wu, S. C.; Lee, I. Y.; Ginter, T. N.; Ma, W. C.; Ter-Akopian, G. M.; Daniel, A. V.; Stoyer, M. A.; Donangelo, R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">294</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15819458"> <span id="translatedtitle">Low back pain in <span class="hlt">physical</span> education teachers.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to occupational low back pain (LBP) occurring in male <span class="hlt">physical</span> education teachers (PET). The location was set in Athens and we used questionnaires to collect information. Analysis revealed that the prevalence of LBP during the survey was 63%. The correlation of personal factors and LBP showed that the prevalence of LBP was significantly higher in those PET (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio, 2.5) who answered yes to the item "no personal training" than in the PET who did not. Moreover, many occupational factors are related to LBP. These were the items "lifting gym instruments" (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio, 2.6) and "helping students into flexing posture" (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio, 3.0). From the working conditions it was confirmed that the PET (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio, 2.5) who "spent more than 35 hours per week in teaching <span class="hlt">physical</span> education" were correlated with LBP. Our results suggest that PET, under the current working condition, are vulnerable to low back pain. An improvement of these conditions must be taken into account in order to prevent LBP. PMID:15819458</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Stergioulas, Apostolos; Filippou, Dimitrios K; Triga, Argiro; Grigoriadis, Emilios; Shipkov, Christo D</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">295</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2004MPCPS.136...67P"> <span id="translatedtitle">The global structure of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-primary Dickson algebras as algebras over the Steenrod algebra</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We prove a conjecture made by Frank Peterson on the global structure of the Dickson algebras arising as <span class="hlt">odd</span> primary general linear group invariants. The Dickson algebra W_{n} of invariants in a rank n polynomial algebra over mathbb{F}_{p} is an unstable algebra over the mod p Steenrod algebra. We prove that W_{n} is a free unstable algebra on a certain cyclic module, modulo just one additional relation. The result is both similar to and different from the corresponding result we previously obtained with Frank Peterson at the prime 2. We also extend our characterization to the algebras of invariants under the special linear groups.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pengelley, David J.; Williams, Frank</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">296</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24737199"> <span id="translatedtitle">Associations between circulating 1,25(OH)2D concentration and <span class="hlt">odds</span> of metachronous colorectal adenoma.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cellular-level studies demonstrate that the availability of the secosteroid hormone 1?,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)2D] to colon cells promotes anti-carcinogenic activities. Although epidemiological data are relatively sparse, suggestive inverse trends have been reported between circulating 1,25(OH)2D concentration and colorectal neoplasia. We therefore sought to evaluate the relationship between circulating 1,25(OH)2D concentrations and <span class="hlt">odds</span> for metachronous colorectal adenomas among 1,151 participants from a randomized trial of ursodeoxycholic acid for colorectal adenoma prevention. No relationship between 1,25(OH)2D and overall <span class="hlt">odds</span> for metachronous lesions was observed, with ORs (95 % CIs) of 0.80 (0.60-1.07) and 0.81 (0.60-1.10) for participants in the second and third tertiles, respectively, compared with those in the lowest (p-trend = 0.17). However, a statistically significant inverse association was observed between circulating 1,25(OH)2D concentration and <span class="hlt">odds</span> of proximal metachronous adenoma, with an OR (95 % CI) of 0.71 (0.52-0.98) for individuals in the highest tertile of 1,25(OH)2D compared with those in the lowest (p-trend = 0.04). While there was no relationship overall between 1,25(OH)2D and metachronous distal lesions, there was a significantly reduced <span class="hlt">odds</span> for women, but not men, in the highest 1,25(OH)2D tertile compared with the lowest (OR 0.53; 95 % CI 0.27-1.03; p-trend = 0.05; p-interaction = 0.08). The observed differences in associations with proximal and distal adenomas could indicate that delivery and activity of vitamin D metabolites in different anatomic sites in the colorectum varies, particularly by gender. These results identify novel associations between 1,25(OH)2D and metachronous proximal and distal colorectal adenoma, and suggest that future studies are needed to ascertain potential mechanistic differences in 1,25(OH)2D action in the colorectum. PMID:24737199</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hibler, Elizabeth A; Sardo Molmenti, Christine L; Lance, Peter; Jurutka, Peter W; Jacobs, Elizabeth T</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">297</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17268567"> <span id="translatedtitle">Frequency analysis of the wavefront-coding <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetric quadratic phase mask.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A mathematical analysis of the frequency response of the wavefront-coding <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetric quadratic phase mask is presented. An exact solution for the optical transfer function of a wavefront-coding imager using this type of mask is derived from first principles, whose result applies over all misfocus values. The misfocus-dependent spatial filtering property of this imager is described. The available spatial frequency bandwidth for a given misfocus condition is quantified. A special imaging condition that yields an increased dynamic range is identified. PMID:17268567</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Somayaji, Manjunath; Christensen, Marc P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">298</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/843003"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z-projectile reactions for transactinide element synthesis</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The development of new <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z-projectile reactions leading to the production of transactinide elements is described. The cross section of the even-Z-projectile 208Pb(64Ni, n)271Ds reaction was measured at two new energies using the Berkeley Gas-filled Separator at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory 88-Inch Cyclotron. In total, seven decay chains attributable to 271Ds were observed. These data, combined with previous results, establish an excitation function for the production of 271Ds. The maximum cross section was 20 +15 -11 pb at a center-of-target energy of 311.5 MeV in the laboratory frame.The data from the 271Ds experiments were used to estimate the optimum beam energy for the new <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z-projectile 208Pb(65Cu, n)272-111 reaction using the Fusion by Diffusion theory proposed by Swiatecki, Siwek-Wilczynska, and Wilczynski. A cross section for this reaction was measured for the first time, at a center-of-target energy of 321.1 MeV in the laboratory frame. The excitation energy f or compound nuclei formed at the target center was 13.2 MeV. One decay chain was observed, resulting in a measured cross section of 1.7 +3.9 -1.4 pb. This decay chain is in good agreement with previously published data on the decay of 272-111.The new <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z-projectile 208Pb(55Mn, n)262Bh reaction was studied at three different projectile energies, and 33 decay chains of 262Bh were observed. The existence of a previously reported alpha-decaying isomeric state in this nuclide was confirmed. Production of the ground state was preferred at all three beam energies. The maximum cross section was 540 +180 -150 pb at a projectile center-of-target energy of 264.0 MeV. This cross section is much larger than that previously reported for the even-Z-projectile 209Bi(54Cr, n)262Bh reaction, which may be because the 54Cr projectile energies in the latter reaction were too high for optimum production of the 1n product. At the highest projectile energy of 268.0 MeV in the target center, two decay chains from 261Bh were observed as a result of the 208Pb(55Mn, 2n) reaction. In summary, this work shows that <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Z-projectile reactions can have cross sections comparable to analogous even-Z-projectile reactions, and that the energy of the maximum cross section for 1n reactions can be estimated simply.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Folden III, Charles Marvin</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-11-04</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">299</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6783106"> <span id="translatedtitle">Metabolism of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-numbered, normal fatty acids in Tetrahymena pyriformis W.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Tetrahymena pyriformis W cells were grown with short- and long-chain, <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even normal fatty acid supplements. Tris acetate addition had no effect on the fatty acyl composition of the glycerophospholipids or sphingolipids, while Tris propionate supplementation led to a marked increase in <span class="hlt">odd</span> normal fatty acids at the expense of even normal acids in both classes of complex lipids. This enhancement of <span class="hlt">odd</span> normal acids permitted the identification of 17:1 delta 9(n), 17:2 delta 6,9(n), 17:2 delta 9,12(n), 17:3 delta 6,9,12(n), 19:1 delta 9(n), 19:2 delta 9,12(n) and 19:3 delta 6,9,12(n) by oxidation with periodate-permanganate and examination of the short-chain fragments. Supplementation with pentadecanoic acid (15:0(n)) led to an increase in the proportions of normal C15, C17 and C19 acids. The increase in C15 acids primarily reflected a rise in 15:0(n), whereas the rise in the levels of C17 and C19 acids was accounted for by an elevation of unsaturated acids. Growth with heptadecanoic acid (17:0(n)) resulted in substantial increases in unsaturated normal C17 and C19 fatty acids, while nonadecanoic acid (19:0(n)) addition led only to an increase in the proportion of unsaturated C19 acids. Retroconversion of these saturated, <span class="hlt">odd</span> normal long chain fatty acid supplements was limited. Supplementation with arachidic acid (20:0(n)) resulted in only a marginal increase (1.4%) in normal C20 fatty acids of both the glycerophospholipids and the mild alkali labile neutral lipids and provided no evidence that desaturation occurred. The release of 14CO2 from [1-14C]arachidic acid when incubated with the ciliates indicated that this long-chain saturate is accumulated, activated and degraded. Normal C16-C19 saturated fatty acids are substrates for the delta 9 desaturase. The delta 11 isomers arise by chain elongation. Normal C16-C19 delta 9 monoenoic acids are substrates for the delta 12 desaturase. Normal C16-C18 delta 9 monoenes, normal C16-C19 delta 9,12 dienes and 18:1 delta 11(n) are desaturated at the C-6,7 position. PMID:6783106</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cassel, D L; Ragona, D G; Carriero, L; Kempe, J A; Conner, R L</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1981-01-26</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">300</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvE..83b6203S"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-number theorem: Optical feedback control at a subcritical Hopf bifurcation in a semiconductor laser</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A subcritical Hopf bifurcation is prepared in a multisection semiconductor laser. In the free-running state, hysteresis is absent due to noise-induced escape processes. The missing branches are recovered by stabilizing them against noise through application of phase-sensitive noninvasive delayed optical feedback control. The same type of control is successfully used to stabilize the unstable pulsations born in the Hopf bifurcation. This experimental finding represents an optical counterexample to the so-called <span class="hlt">odd</span>-number limitation of delayed feedback control. However, as a leftover of the limitation, the domains of control are extremely small.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Schikora, S.; Wünsche, H.-J.; Henneberger, F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_14");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return 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showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">301</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvB..87s5440C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effects in NSN scattering problems: Application to graphene nanoribbons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We study crossed Andreev reflection (CAR) of electrons or holes in normal metal-superconductor-normal metal (NSN) junctions and highlight some very strong effects of the underlying lattice. In particular, we demonstrate that for sharp interfaces and under certain, albeit generic, symmetry conditions, the CAR probability exactly vanishes for an even number of atoms in the superconducting region. This even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> effect applies notably to NSN junctions made of graphene nanoribbons with armchair edges and for zigzag edges with somewhat more restrictive conditions. We analyze its robustness towards smoothing of the boundaries or doping of the sample.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Crépin, François; Hettmansperger, Hans; Recher, Patrik; Trauzettel, Björn</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">302</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23225492"> <span id="translatedtitle">Counter-rotating spin-polarised ring currents in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-electron carbocycles.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We propose a molecular-orbital model to explain how majority and minority spins in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-?-electron carbocycles sustain counter-rotating magnetic-field-induced ring currents. The model is based on the ipsocentric approach to magnetic response, in which ring currents are dominated by frontier-orbital contributions obeying angular-momentum selection rules. Coupled unrestricted Hartree-Fock ab initio calculations of the ring-current responses for singly charged benzene and planarised cyclo-octatetraene ions confirm the predictions of the qualitative model, and are consistent with correlated MP2 spin-polarised current calculations. PMID:23225492</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Soncini, Alessandro; Fowler, Patrick W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-28</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">303</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/9478"> <span id="translatedtitle">Parallel FE Approximation of the Even/<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Parity Form of the Linear Boltzmann Equation</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel solution method has been developed to solve the linear Boltzmann equation on an unstructured triangular mesh. Instead of tackling the first-order form of the equation, this approach is based on the even/<span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity form in conjunction with the conventional mdtigroup discrete-ordinates approximation. The finite element method is used to treat the spatial dependence. The solution method is unique in that the space-direction dependence is solved simultaneously, eliminating the need for the conventional inner iterations, and the method is well suited for massively parallel computers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drumm, Clifton R.; Lorenz, Jens</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1999-07-21</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">304</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21386540"> <span id="translatedtitle">Lifetimes of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-spin yrast states in {sup 182}Hg</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lifetimes of excited states in {sup 182}Hg were extracted from recoil-gated {gamma}-ray spectra and recoil-gated {gamma}{gamma}-coincidence matrices using the recoil distance Doppler-shift method. States were populated using the {sup 96}Mo({sup 88}Sr,2n){sup 182}Hg fusion-evaporation reaction. Measured lifetimes allowed transition probabilities, transition quadrupole moments, quadrupole deformation parameters, and transition dipole moments to be deduced for the band formed by the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-spin yrast states. The experimental results confirm the low degree of octupole collectivity in this mass region.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scheck, M.; Grahn, T.; Petts, A.; Butler, P. A.; Gaffney, L. P.; Page, R. D.; Pakarinen, J.; Paul, E. S. [Oliver Lodge Laboratory, University of Liverpool, Liverpool L69 7ZE (United Kingdom); Dewald, A.; Jolie, J.; Melon, B.; Pissulla, Th. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, Zuelpicher Str. 77, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Hornillos, M. B. Gomez [STFC, Daresbury Laboratory, Warrington WA4 4AD (United Kingdom); Goergen, A.; Ljungvall, J. [CEA-SACLAY, DSM/DAPNIA/SPhN, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Greenlees, P. T.; Jones, P.; Julin, R.; Juutinen, S.; Ketelhut, S. [Department of Physics, University of Jyvaeskylae, P.O. Box 35, FI-40014 Jyvaeskylae (Finland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">305</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014HyInt.223..175K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Trap-assisted studies of <span class="hlt">odd</span>, neutron-rich isotopes from Tc to Pd</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We review the present and future of trap-assisted structure studies of <span class="hlt">odd</span>, neutron-rich Tc, Ru, Rh and Pd isotopes at the limits of present experimental techniques. These nuclei of refractory elements are produced in light-particle induced fission and filtered by their mass number with the IGISOL mass separator. Further mass separation with the JYFLTRAP Penning trap system provides a clean, monoisotopic beam perfectly suited for precise nuclear spectroscopy. Connecting the IGISOL and the JYFLTRAP facilities to the recently installed MCC30/15 cyclotron opens new prospects for post-trap spectroscopy of very exotic, neutron-rich nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kurpeta, J.; Jokinen, A.; Penttilä, H.; P?ochocki, A.; Rissanen, J.; Urban, W.; Äystö, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">306</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4059720"> <span id="translatedtitle">First Identification of Resident and Circulating Fibrocytes in Dupuytren's Disease <span class="hlt">Shown</span> to Be Inhibited by Serum Amyloid P and Xiapex</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Dupuytren’s disease (DD) is a common progressive fibroproliferative disorder causing permanent digital contracture. Proliferative myofibroblasts are thought to be the cells responsible for DD initiation and recurrence, although their source remains unknown. DD tissue has also been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to harbor mesenchymal and hematopoietic stem cells. Fibrocytes are circulating cells that show characteristics of fibroblasts and they express surface markers for both hematopoietic and mesenchymal stromal cells. Fibrocytes differentiate from peripheral CD14+ mononuclear cells, which can be inhibited by serum amyloid P (SAP). In this study we have demonstrated the presence of fibrocytes in DD blood and tissue, moreover we have evaluated the effects of SAP and Xiapex (Collagenase Clostridium histolyticum) on fibrocytes derived from DD. H&E staining showed typical Spindle shaped morphology of fibrocytes. FACS analysis based on a unique combination of 3 markers, revealed the increased presence of fibrocytes in blood and tissue of DD patients. Additionally, immunohistology of DD nodule and cord tissue showed the presence of collagen 1+/CD34+ cells. No difference in plasma SAP levels was observed between DD and control. Higher concentrations of SAP significantly inhibited fibrocytes differentiated from DD derived monocytes compared to control. DD fascia derived fibrocytes showed resistance to growth inhibition by SAP, particularly nodule derived fibrocytes showed robust growth even at higher SAP concentrations compared to control. DD derived fibrocytes were positive for typical fibrocyte dual markers, i.e. Collagen 1/LSP-1 and collagen 1/CD34. Xiapex was more effective in inhibiting the growth of nodule derived cells compared to commercially available collagenase A. Our results show for the first time the increased presence of fibrocytes in DD patient’s blood and disease tissue compared to control tissue. Additionally, we evaluate the response of these fibrocytes to SAP and Xiapex therapy.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Iqbal, Syed Amir; Hayton, Michael John; Watson, James Stewart; Szczypa, Piotr; Bayat, Ardeshir</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">307</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3217522"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Weighted Logistic Regression Analysis for Predicting the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Head/Face and Neck Injuries During Rollover Crashes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A weighted logistic regression with careful selection of crash, vehicle, occupant and injury data and sequentially adjusting the covariants, was used to investigate the predictors of the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of head/face and neck (HFN) injuries during rollovers. The results show that unbelted occupants have statistically significant higher HFN injury risks than belted occupants. Age, number of quarter-turns, rollover initiation type, maximum lateral deformation adjacent to the occupant, A-pillar and B-pillar deformation are significant predictors of HFN injury <span class="hlt">odds</span> for belted occupants. Age, rollover leading side and windshield header deformation are significant predictors of HFN injury <span class="hlt">odds</span> for unbelted occupants. The results also show that the significant predictors are different between head/face (HF) and neck injury <span class="hlt">odds</span>, indicating the injury mechanisms of HF and neck injuries are different.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hu, Jingwen; Chou, Clifford C.; Yang, King H.; King, Albert I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">308</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014IJTP..tmp..131C"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Q-deformed Oscillator Algebra with an Integer Number Eigenvalue and a Half <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Integer Number Eigenvalue</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper a new q-deformed oscillator algebra with an integer number eigenvalue and a half <span class="hlt">odd</span> integer number eigenvalue is proposed. For this algebra, the associated energy spectrum and thermodynamic behavior is discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chung, Won Sang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">309</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013AGUFM.P43A2004T"> <span id="translatedtitle">The source of the H cloud <span class="hlt">shown</span> in Cassini UVIS H Ly-a map in 2005</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The origin of the broad hydrogen cloud in Saturn's magnetosphere observed by Voyager and Cassini has been debated ever since it was discovered by Broadfoot et al. (1981). Proposed sources included Titan's H torus shaped by solar radiation pressure (Smyth and Marconi, 1993; Ip, 1996) and hydrogen atoms flowing outward from Saturn (Shemansky and Hall, 1992; Shemansky et al., 2009). From the H Ly-alpha intensity map observed by Cassini UVIS, Shemansky et al. (2009) suggested that a peaked brightness on Saturn's disk and an enhancement below the ring plane were evidence of H outflow from Saturn. The Saturnian magnetosphere is also immersed in a neutral cloud (H2O, O2 and H2) and their dissociate products, which originate from several sources, including the Enceladus plumes, the rings, the inner icy satellites and Titan's H2 torus (e.g., Tseng et al., 2011). Tseng et al. (2013) have carried out a global investigation of the atomic hydrogen cloud taking into account all possible sources above. Our simulations showed that H directly escaping from Titan is a major contribution in the outer magnetosphere. For the H cloud in the inner magnetosphere (as <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the Cassini UVIS H Ly-a map in 2005 presented in Melin et al., 2009), we found that the H from photodissociation of the H2 cloud around the main rings has a similar morphology to that indicated by the observations, but with a smaller intensity. This work will be focused on further exploring the H from 1) the H2 cloud around main rings and 2) directly from the rings. The source mechanism (i.e., H+ neutralized by the rings) and the interaction of H with the ring particles (i.e., ring absorption, energy reduction due to re-impact on the rings, and possibly preferential re-emission below the ring plane due to sunlight) will be investigated over a large parametric space. In addition, a resonant line radiative transfer model will be used to convert the simulated H column density into H Ly-a intensity, taking into account the nearly optically thick H cloud and opacity of the rings.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Tseng, W.; Gladstone, R.; Johnson, R. E.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">310</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3839655"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Link between Peer Relations, Prosocial Behavior, and <span class="hlt">ODD</span>/ADHD Symptoms in 7-9-Year-Old Children</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are characterized by symptoms that hinder successful positive interaction with peers. The main goal of this study was to examine if the presence of symptoms of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and ADHD affects the relationship between positive social behavior and peer status found in 7–9-year-old children who show symptoms typical of ADHD and/or <span class="hlt">ODD</span>. Furthermore, the possible interaction with sex was investigated. We used data collected in the first wave of The Bergen Child Study of mental health (BCS), a prospective longitudinal total population study of children's developmental and mental health. The target population consisted of children in the second to the fourth, in all public, private, and special schools in Bergen, Norway, in the fall of 2002 (N = 9430). All 79 primary schools in Bergen participated in the study. Both teacher (8809 complete cases) and parent (6253 complete cases) report were used in the analyses. ADHD and <span class="hlt">ODD</span> scores were estimated using the Swanson Noland and Pelham rating scale version IV (SNAP-IV), and peer problems and prosocial behavior were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). We replicated the relationship between peer problems and prosocial behavior found previously in typically developing children. Our results showed that the relationship between peer problems and prosocial behavior became weaker as the <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms increased in number and severity. For ADHD this effect was only found in the teacher report of the children. A sex effect for <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms was found only using the parent report: boys with <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms showed less prosocial behavior than girls with similar levels of <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms. Since this effect was not found using the teacher data, it may imply a situational effect (school/home) for girls with high levels of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>. The moderator effect of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>/ADHD was comparable for boys and girls. Our findings suggest that even if children with ADHD/<span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms have the opportunity to practice their social skills in peer relationships, this is not necessarily accompanied by an increase in prosocial behavior.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Paap, Muirne C. S.; Haraldsen, Ira R.; Breivik, Kyrre; Butcher, Phillipa R.; Hellem, Fr?ydis M.; Stormark, Kjell M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">311</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20046835"> <span id="translatedtitle">A Note on "Constant Latent <span class="hlt">Odds</span>-Ratios Models and the Mantel-Haenszel Null Hypothesis" Hessen, 2005.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In a recent paper, Hessen (Psychometrika 70(3):497-516, 2005) introduces the class of constant latent <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios models as an extension of the Rasch model for which the sum score is still the sufficient statistic for ability. In this paper the relation between both the general and the general parametric constant latent <span class="hlt">odds</span>-ratios model and the Rasch model is considered. PMID:20046835</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Maris, Gunter</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">312</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014ChPhB..23f0301F"> <span id="translatedtitle">New generating function formulae of even- and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Hermite polynomials obtained and applied in the context of quantum optics</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">By combining the operator Hermite polynomial method and the technique of integration within an ordered product of operators, for the first time we derive the generating function of even- and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Hermite polynomials which will be useful in constructing new optical field states. We then show that the squeezed state and photon-added squeezed state can be expressed by even- and <span class="hlt">odd</span>-Hermite polynomials.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fan, Hong-Yi; Zhan, De-Hui</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">313</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhRvD..81g5003D"> <span id="translatedtitle">New constraints on a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson and related NMSSM ideal Higgs scenarios</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent BABAR limits on BR(?(3S)??a???+?-) and BR(?(3S)??a???+?-) provide increased constraints on the abb¯ coupling of a CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson, a, with ma<M?(3S). We extract these limits from the BABAR data and compare to the limits previously obtained using other data sets, especially the CLEO-III BR(?(1S)????+?-) limits. Comparisons are made to predictions in the context of “ideal”-Higgs NMSSM scenarios, in which the lightest CP-even Higgs boson, h1, can have mass below 105 GeV (as preferred by precision electroweak data) and yet can escape old LEP limits by virtue of decays to a pair of the lightest CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs bosons, h1?a1a1, with ma1<2mB. Most such scenarios with ma1<2m? are eliminated, but the bulk of the ma1>7.5GeV scenarios, which are theoretically the most favored, survive. We also outline the impact of the new ALEPH LEP results in the e+e-?Z+4? channel. For tan???3, only NMSSM ideal Higgs scenarios with mh1?98GeV and ma1 close to 2mB satisfy the ALEPH limits. For tan???2, the ALEPH limits are easily satisfied for the most theoretically preferred NMSSM scenarios, which are those with ma1 close to 2mB and mh1˜90-100GeV.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dermisek, Radovan; Gunion, John F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">314</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24447284"> <span id="translatedtitle">High sputum total adiponectin is associated with low <span class="hlt">odds</span> for asthma.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract Objective: Adipose tissue produces adiponectin, an anti-inflammatory protein. High systemic total adiponectin is associated with a low risk for incident asthma but the association with lung adiponectin is not known. Our objective was to evaluate the association between sputum total adiponectin and asthma. Methods: This case-control study included 44 cases with objectively-confirmed asthma and an equal number of body mass index (BMI) and sex-matched controls. Serum and sputum adiponectin were estimated by ELISA and Western Blot technique, respectively. While Fisher's exact test, t-test and Spearman's correlations were used for univariate analyses, Spearman and regression analyses were performed for multivariable analyses. Results: While high-molecular-weight adiponectin was the dominant isoform in serum, medium-molecular-weight isoform was dominant in sputum. Sputum total adiponectin was not correlated with serum adiponectin or BMI. Sputum total adiponectin was lower among asthmatics than controls (p?=?0.03), although individual sputum isoforms were not similarly associated. High sputum total adiponectin was associated with lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> for asthma (OR 0.33, 95% C.I. 0.12, 0.91), even after adjustment for systemic adiposity measures including serum adiponectin. Conclusions: High sputum total adiponectin predicted lower <span class="hlt">odds</span> for asthma, even after adjustment for serum adiponectin. Although not studied, it is possible that pharmacological modulation of sputum adiponectin may suggest new ways to prevent and/or treat asthma. PMID:24447284</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sood, Akshay; Seagrave, JeanClare; Herbert, Guy; Harkins, Michelle; Alam, Yasir; Chiavaroli, Annalisa; Shohreh, Rugia; Montuschi, Paolo; Campen, Matthew; Harmon, Molly; Qualls, Clifford; Berwick, Marianne; Schuyler, Mark</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">315</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23362881"> <span id="translatedtitle">Genotype-based association analysis using discordant pairs: a penetrance <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio approach.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Genotypic counts of paired relatives discordant for a complex late-onset disease are often used to test for genetic association. The power of the various statistical test options, when data on covariates are unavailable, has been the focus of recent research. Comparison of the Cochran-Armitage, Bhapkar, and McNemar tests indicates that none is superior to the others in all cases. Using an alternative approach, we found that the theoretical genotypic frequencies of the discordant pairs depend only on the penetrance <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios, after conditioning. These <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios can be estimated by maximizing a product binomial likelihood and provide insight into the mode of inheritance. We identified cases where exact maximum likelihood (ML) estimates can be explicitly obtained. This approach led us to two tests for association which depend on likelihood ratio (LR) or score statistics. We quantified the power of these tests analytically and examined their performance through simulation. We explored the utility of these tests with an example from the literature-the association between complement factor H (CFH) polymorphisms and age-related macular degeneration. The LR and Score tests serve as simple and effective ways of interpreting paired case-control data sets. PMID:23362881</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Grover, Vaneeta K; Cole, David E C; Hamilton, David C</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">316</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012GeCoA..90...33C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Unusual fractionation of both <span class="hlt">odd</span> and even mercury isotopes in precipitation from Peterborough, ON, Canada</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Once released into the atmosphere, mercury (Hg) is subject to long-range transport and a series of physico-chemical reactions before reentering terrestrial ecosystems. Though impressive progress has been made in understanding all aspects of Hg behavior in the atmosphere, many processes involved in the transformation and deposition of atmospheric Hg remain unidentified and source attribution is still an enormous challenge. Here, we examine the isotopic composition of Hg in precipitation collected during 2010 in Peterborough, ON, Canada and combine data on seasonal variations of mass-dependent (MDF) and mass-independent (MIF) fractionation with meteorological back-trajectory calculations to identify the Hg sources and to decipher Hg atmospheric transformation reactions. All precipitation samples displayed significant MDF (?202Hg between -0.02‰ and -1.48‰) and MIF of <span class="hlt">odd</span> isotopes (?199Hg varying from -0.29‰ to 1.13‰). We also report for the first time a seasonal variation of MIF of even Hg isotopes (?200Hg) in wet precipitation. Our results may suggest that photoreduction in droplets or on the surface layer of snow crystals induces <span class="hlt">odd</span> Hg isotope anomalies, while mass independent fractionation of 200Hg is probably triggered by photo-initiated oxidation occurring on aerosol or solid surfaces in the tropopause. The observed seasonal variation of even Hg isotope MIF (?200Hg decrease with ambient temperature) is possibly a powerful tool for meteorological research and may aid in monitoring related climate changes.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, JiuBin; Hintelmann, Holger; Feng, XinBin; Dimock, Brian</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">317</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=450261"> <span id="translatedtitle">bowel, an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped homolog, functions in the terminal pathway during Drosophila embryogenesis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The terminal genes of Drosophila specify non-segmented regions of the larval body that are derived from the anterior and posterior regions of the early embryo. Terminal class genes include both maternal-effect loci (typified by the receptor tyrosine kinase torso) that encode components of a signal transduction cascade and zygotic genes (e.g. tailless and huckebein) that are transcribed at the poles of the embryo in response to the local activation of the pathway. We have characterized a zygotic gene, bowel, that was identified as a zinc finger homolog of the pair-rule segmentation gene <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped. bowel transcripts are initially expressed at both poles of the blastoderm embryo and in a single cephalic stripe. This pattern depends upon torso and tailless activity, but is not affected in huckebein mutants. We isolated and sequenced five mutations that affect the bowel protein, including a nonsense mutation upstream of the zinc fingers and a missense mutation in a putative zinc-chelating residue. bowel mutants die as late embryos with defects in terminal derivatives including the hindgut and proventriculus. Our results indicate that the developmental roles of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped and bowel have diverged substantially, and that bowel represents a new member of the terminal hierarchy that acts downstream of tailless and mediates a subset of tailless functions in the posterior of the embryo. Images</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, L; Coulter, D E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1996-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">318</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013NuPhB.869..440S"> <span id="translatedtitle">T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> correlation in muon neutrino elastic scattering on polarized proton target</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In this paper, we analyze the elastic scattering of the muon neutrino (??) beam on the polarized proton target (PPT) in a presence of induced couplings, and predict how the existence of relative phases between the complex vector (weak magnetism) and axial (induced pseudoscalar) form factors of the proton with left-chirality ?? affects the azimuthal dependence of the differential cross section. The neutrinos are assumed to be Dirac fermions with non-zero mass and CPT symmetry is conserved. We show that the azimuthal asymmetry of recoil protons depends on the neutrino mass, but contributions are very tiny (˜10-5). Analysis of the differential cross section in the case of pure vector and axial couplings at zero ?? mass limit and zero momentum transfer shows that the T-violating phase ?VA generates the T-<span class="hlt">odd</span>, P-even triple correlation and it could be detected by measuring the asymmetry between the (0,?) and (?,2?) angles. It should be clearly stressed that the considered T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> observable is not a genuine CP-violating quantity as it can also be produced by the T-invariant contributions due to the final state interactions (FSI). Their magnitude must be precisely estimated and subtracted from the measured observable to extract information on the possible time reversal violation (TRV). We also indicate the possibility of using the PPT in the neutrino telescope.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sobków, W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">319</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ia.usu.edu/viewproject.php?project=ia:1744"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Changes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">After completing this tutorial you should be able to identify a <span class="hlt">physical</span> change as well as describe what happens to a substance that undergoes a phase change. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> changes cause a change in the <span class="hlt">physical</span> properties of a substance without changing what the substance actually is. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Change Definition What are some common <span class="hlt">physical</span> properties? <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Properties You\\'ve already learned about chemical properties and changes. Now test your knowledge of <span class="hlt">physical</span> and chemical properties. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Properties Quiz An important <span class="hlt">physical</span> change is a phase change. Go to ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jolley, Mr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-10-29</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">320</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1995PhRvL..75.4173A"> <span id="translatedtitle">First Measurement of the T-<span class="hlt">Odd</span> Correlation between the Z0 Spin and the Three-Jet Plane Orientation in Polarized Z0 Decays into Three Jets</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We present the first measurement of the correlation between the Z0 spin and the event-plane orientation in polarized Z0 decays into three jets in the SLAC Linear Collider Large Detector experiment at SLAC utilizing a longitudinally polarized electron beam. The CP-even and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> triple product S-->Z.(k-->1×k-->2), formed from the two fastest jet momenta k-->1 and k-->2 and the Z0 polarization vector S-->Z, is sensitive to <span class="hlt">physics</span> beyond the standard model. We measure the expectation value of this quantity to be consistent with zero and set 95% C.L. limits of -0.022<?<0.039 on the correlation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Abe, K.; Abt, I.; Ahn, C. J.; Akagi, T.; Allen, N. J.; Ash, W. W.; Aston, D.; Baird, K. G.; Baltay, C.; Band, H. R.; Barakat, M. B.; Baranko, G.; Bardon, O.; Barklow, T.; Bazarko, A. O.; Ben-David, R.; Benvenuti, A. C.; Bienz, T.; Bilei, G. M.; Bisello, D.; Blaylock, G.; Bogart, J. R.; Bolton, T.; Bower, G. R.; Brau, J. E.; Breidenbach, M.; Bugg, W. M.; Burke, D.; Burnett, T. H.; Burrows, P. N.; Busza, W.; Calcaterra, A.; Caldwell, D. O.; Calloway, D.; Camanzi, B.; Carpinelli, M.; Cassell, R.; Castaldi, R.; Castro, A.; Cavalli-Sforza, M.; Church, E.; Cohn, H. O.; Coller, J. A.; Cook, V.; Cotton, R.; Cowan, R. F.; Coyne, D. G.; D'oliveira, A.; Damerell, C. J.; Daoudi, M.; de Sangro, R.; de Simone, P.; dell'orso, R.; Dima, M.; Du, P. Y.; Dubois, R.; Eisenstein, B. I.; Elia, R.; Falciai, D.; Fero, M. J.; Frey, R.; Furuno, K.; Gillman, T.; Gladding, G.; Gonzalez, S.; Hallewell, G. D.; Hart, E. L.; Hasegawa, Y.; Hedges, S.; Hertzbach, S. S.; Hildreth, M. D.; Huber, J.; Huffer, M. E.; Hughes, E. W.; Hwang, H.; Iwasaki, Y.; Jackson, D. J.; Jacques, P.; Jaros, J.; Johnson, A. S.; Johnson, J. R.; Johnson, R. A.; Junk, T.; Kajikawa, R.; Kalelkar, M.; Kang, H. J.; Karliner, I.; Kawahara, H.; Kendall, H. W.; Kim, Y.; King, M. E.; King, R.; Kofler, R. R.; Krishna, N. M.; Kroeger, R. S.; Labs, J. F.; Langston, M.; Lath, A.; Lauber, J. A.; Leith, D. W.; Liu, M. X.; Liu, X.; Loreti, M.; Lu, A.; Lynch, H. L.; Ma, J.; Mancinelli, G.; Manly, S.; Mantovani, G.; Markiewicz, T. W.; Maruyama, T.; Massetti, R.; Masuda, H.; Mattison, T. S.; Mazzucato, E.; McKemey, A. K.; Meadows, B. T.; Messner, R.; Mockett, P. M.; Moffeit, K. C.; Mours, B.; Müller, G.; Muller, D.; Nagamine, T.; Nauenberg, U.; Neal, H.; Nussbaum, M.; Ohnishi, Y.; Osborne, L. S.; Panvini, R. S.; Park, H.; Pavel, T. J.; Peruzzi, I.; Piccolo, M.; Piemontese, L.; Pieroni, E.; Pitts, K. T.; Plano, R. J.; Prepost, R.; Prescott, C. Y.; Punkar, G. D.; Quigley, J.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Reeves, T. W.; Reidy, J.; Rensing, P. E.; Rochester, L. S.; Rothberg, J. E.; Rowson, P. C.; Russell, J. J.; Saxton, O. H.; Schaffner, S. F.; Schalk, T.; Schindler, R. H.; Schneekloth, U.; Schumm, B. A.; Seiden, A.; Sen, S.; Serbo, V. V.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Shank, J. T.; Shapiro, G.; Shapiro, S. L.; Sherden, D. J.; Shmakov, K. D.; Simopoulos, C.; Sinev, N. B.; Smith, S. R.; Snyder, J. A.; Stamer, P.; Steiner, H.; Steiner, R.; Strauss, M. G.; Su, D.; Suekane, F.; Sugiyama, A.; Suzuki, S.; Swartz, M.; Szumilo, A.; Takahashi, T.; Taylor, F. E.; Torrence, E.; Turk, J. D.; Usher, T.; Va'vra, J.; Vannini, C.; Vella, E.; Venuti, J. P.; Verdier, R.; Verdini, P. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Waite, A. P.; Watts, S. J.; Weidemann, A. W.; Weiss, E. R.; Whitaker, J. S.; White, S. L.; Wickens, F. J.; Williams, D. A.; Williams, D. C.; Williams, S. H.; Willocq, S.; Wilson, R. J.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Woods, M.; Word, G. B.; Wyss, J.; Yamamoto, R. K.; Yamartino, J. M.; Yang, X.; Yellin, S. J.; Young, C. C.; Yuta, H.; Zapalac, G.; Zdarko, R. W.; Zeitlin, C.; Zhang, Z.; Zhou, J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1995-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_15");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#">1</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_2");' href="#">2</a> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_3");' href="#">3</a> <a 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Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">321</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008PhLB..668..357D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Search for scalar leptoquarks and T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> quarks in the acoplanar jet topology using 2.5 fb of pp¯ collision data at s=1.96 TeV</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A search for new <span class="hlt">physics</span> in the acoplanar jet topology has been performed in 2.5 fb-1 of data from pp¯ collisions at s=1.96TeV, recorded by the DØ detector at the Fermilab Tevatron Collider. The numbers of events with exactly two acoplanar jets and missing transverse energy are in good agreement with the Standard Model expectations. The result of this search has been used to set a lower mass limit of 205 GeV at the 95% C.L. on the mass of a scalar leptoquark when this particle decays exclusively into a quark and a neutrino. In the framework of the Little Higgs model with T-parity, limits have also been obtained on the T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> quark mass as a function of the T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> photon mass.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">DØ Collaboration; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Abolins, M.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Aguilo, E.; Ahsan, M.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Alverson, G.; Alves, G. A.; Anastasoaie, M.; Ancu, L. S.; Andeen, T.; Andrieu, B.; Anzelc, M. S.; Aoki, M.; Arnoud, Y.; Arov, M.; Arthaud, M.; Askew, A.; Åsman, B.; Assis Jesus, A. C. S.; Atramentov, O.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, P.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Barfuss, A.-F.; Bargassa, P.; Baringer, P.; Barreto, J.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bauer, D.; Beale, S.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Begel, M.; Belanger-Champagne, C.; Bellantoni, L.; Bellavance, A.; Benitez, J. A.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bezzubov, V. A.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatnagar, V.; Biscarat, C.; Blazey, G.; Blekman, F.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Bolton, T. A.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Bose, T.; Brandt, A.; Brock, R.; Brooijmans, G.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Bu, X. B.; Buchanan, N. J.; Buchholz, D.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Burnett, T. H.; Buszello, C. P.; Butler, J. M.; Calfayan, P.; Calvet, S.; Cammin, J.; Carrera, E.; Carvalho, W.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Cheu, E.; Chevallier, F.; Cho, D. K.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Christofek, L.; Christoudias, T.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Crépé-Renaudin, S.; Cuplov, V.; Cutts, D.; ?wiok, M.; da Motta, H.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de, K.; de Jong, S. J.; de La Cruz-Burelo, E.; de Oliveira Martins, C.; Devaughan, K.; Degenhardt, J. D.; Déliot, F.; Demarteau, M.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Dominguez, A.; Dong, H.; Dorland, T.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duflot, L.; Dugad, S. R.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dyer, J.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Eno, S.; Ermolov, P.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, A.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Ferapontov, A. V.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fu, S.; Fuess, S.; Gadfort, T.; Galea, C. F.; Garcia, C.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; Gavrilov, V.; Gay, P.; Geist, W.; Geng, W.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Gillberg, D.; Ginther, G.; Gollub, N.; Gómez, B.; Goussiou, A.; Grannis, P. D.; Greenlee, H.; Greenwood, Z. D.; Gregores, E. M.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guo, F.; Guo, J.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haas, A.; Hadley, N. J.; Haefner, P.; Hagopian, S.; Haley, J.; Hall, I.; Hall, R. E.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegeman, J. G.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hoeth, H.; Hohlfeld, M.; Hossain, S.; Houben, P.; Hu, Y.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jain, S.; Jakobs, K.; Jarvis, C.; Jesik, R.; Johns, K.; Johnson, C.; Johnson, M.; Johnston, D.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Juste, A.; Kajfasz, E.; Kalk, J. M.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kau, D.; Kaushik, V.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. M.; Khatidze, D.; Kim, T. J.; Kirby, M. H.; Kirsch, M.; Klima, B.; Kohli, J. M.; Konrath, J.-P.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kuhl, T.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Kvita, J.; Lacroix, F.; Lam, D.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, W. M.; Leflat, A.; Lellouch, J.; Li, J.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lietti, S. M.; Lim, J. K.; Lima, J. G. R.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, Y.; Liu, Z.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Love, P.; Lubatti, H. J.; Luna, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Mackin, D.; Madaras, R. J.; Mättig, P.; Magass, C.; Magerkurth, A.; Mal, P. K.; Malbouisson, H. B.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martin, B.; McCarthy, R.; Melnitchouk, A.; Mendoza, L.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Merritt, K. W.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Mitrevski, J.; Mommsen, R. K.; Mondal, N. K.; Moore, R. W.; Moulik, T.; Muanza, G. S.; Mulhearn, M.; Mundal, O.; Mundim, L.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Naumann, N. A.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nilsen, H.; Nogima, H.; Novaes, S. F.; Nunnemann, T.; O'Dell, V.; O'Neil, D. C.; Obrant, G.; Ochando, C.; Onoprienko, D.; Oshima, N.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Otec, R.; Otero Y Garzón, G. J.; Owen, M.; Padley, P.; Pangilinan, M.; Parashar, N.; Park, S.-J.; Park, S. K.; Parsons, J.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Pawloski, G.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, K.; Peters, Y.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">322</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012PhRvD..85h4025K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Black hole perturbation in the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations: The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity sector</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We perform a fully relativistic analysis of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-type linear perturbations around a static and spherically symmetric solution in the most general scalar-tensor theory with second-order field equations in four-dimensional spacetime. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that, as in the case of general relativity, the quadratic action for the perturbations reduces to the one having only a single dynamical variable, from which concise formulas for no-ghost and no-gradient instability conditions are derived. Our result is applicable to all the theories of gravity with an extra scalar degree of freedom. We demonstrate how the generic formulas can be applied to some particular examples such as the Brans-Dicke theory, f(R) models, and Galileon gravity.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kobayashi, Tsutomu; Motohashi, Hayato; Suyama, Teruaki</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">323</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/patientinstructions/000673.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sports <span class="hlt">physical</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A person gets a sports <span class="hlt">physical</span> by a doctor to find out if it's safe to start a new sport or a new sports season. Most states require a sports <span class="hlt">physical</span> before children and teens can play. Sports <span class="hlt">physicals</span> ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">324</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009EJPh...30S.101J"> <span id="translatedtitle">EDITORIAL: <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">1. <span class="hlt">Physics</span> competitions: aims and realizations One aim of <span class="hlt">physics</span> competitions is to increase the interest of young students, primarily at upper secondary level, to <span class="hlt">physics</span> and natural sciences in general. A competition has motivational aspects known usually from sports events or games—comparing one's own ability with others, of course with the desire to be better and to win. If competitions reach nationwide and even international levels, additional stimulation is created. Competitions provide greatest attraction to possible winners, to the group of gifted people in a particular field. This implies that science contests are excellent tools for the promotion of talented students. Traditional teaching has been <span class="hlt">shown</span> to have problems in supporting this group of students. Very often teachers are overstretched with the demands of teaching both low- and high-level students. Extracurricular activities are therefore a good chance to relieve the teacher, and to give talented students the opportunity for appropriate training and challenge. The competitions, however, have a broader impact and address more young people than one might guess from the statements above. Training courses and selection at school level give a larger group of students extra and, to some extent, complimentary education in <span class="hlt">physics</span>. The degree of complexity of the tasks corresponds very often to the standards of the next level of education in the school system. Interestingly, many <span class="hlt">physics</span> competitions have their origin in countries beyond the former Iron Curtain. They started as regional and national tournaments, were joined by neighbouring countries and have grown, in some cases, to events with participants from more than 80 countries. Although the features mentioned above are common to the different competitions, there are distinct differences between them [1]. The International <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Olympiad (IPhO) is the oldest international <span class="hlt">physics</span> competition for students at upper secondary level [2]. It dates back to 1967, when the first Olympiad was organized in Warsaw, Poland. Today this Olympiad is a worldwide enterprise, and in the 2008 competition in Hanoi, Vietnam, students from 82 countries took part. An overview of the problems and a summary of the results of this Olympiad are given in the first paper, prepared by the organizers of the competition [3]. The students work on four or five different problems, three theoretical ones on one day, and one or two experimental tasks on another. On each day, they have five hours to accomplish their tasks. The problems are prepared by the local organizer, usually a team of physicists from universities in the home country. The level is set by an international syllabus, and the content and wording of the problems have to be agreed by a majority of the supervisors (one from each participating country) in an initial meeting. Afterwards the tasks are translated into the various languages of the competitors; the students also write their results in their own language. The number of awards (gold, silver and bronze, as well as honorable mentions) varies from competition to competition, since it depends on the number of participants. A team consists of at most five students, but they do not act as a team—they work independantly. The selection process in individual countries varies, but is usually executed in several steps, starting from school competitions and going on to regional and national ones. Training courses are often organized on the same levels. Big differences can be seen in training courses at the highest level, the duration ranging from one week to several months. The International Young Physicists Tournament (IYPT) is completely different in spirit [4]. Whereas the students work individually in the Olympiad, IYPT is a competition between teams. In addition, the 17 tasks are known almost a year in advance. The problems are very open, allow for different approaches and include experimental as well as theoretical work. The students are allowed to use any method they like, are coached by teachers, and are encouraged</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jordens, H.; Mathelitsch, L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">325</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22043845"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of the quantum theory of T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries for prescission and evaporated third particles in ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A comparative analysis of the results obtained by experimentally and theoretically studying T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries for various third particles in the true and delayed ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons was performed. It was confirmed that the appearance of these asymmetries was associated with the effect of rotation of a polarized system undergoing fission on the angular distributions of prescission and evaporated third particles with respect to the direction along which the emerging fission fragments flew apart, this effect being determined by the Coriolis interaction of the rotational and the internalmotion of the fissioning system. A quantum-mechanical description of particle motion in a rotating coordinate system was generalized to the case where gamma-ray emission was present. It was <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the separation of the motions of an axially symmetric fissile system into a rotational and an internal motion was valid in the external region as well, where ternary-fission products had already been formed, if it was considered that the motion of fission fragments was tightly connected with the system symmetry axis, which rotated in the laboratory frame. It was found that the dependence of the fissile-system moment of inertia appearing in the Coriolis interaction Hamiltonian on the distance between the fission fragments flying apart generated an additional phase in the amplitude of the radial distribution of fission fragments. It was <span class="hlt">shown</span> that this phase might change sizably the contribution of the interference between fission amplitudes of neutron resonances excited in a fissile compound nucleus to the absolute values of T -<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries, especially for third particles such as neutrons and photons, which interacted only slightly with fission fragments.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kadmensky, S. G., E-mail: kadmensky@phys.vsu.ru [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation); Bunakov, V. E., E-mail: bunakov@vb3190.spbu.ru [Russian Academy of Sciences, Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute (Russian Federation); Titova, L. V.; Kadmensky, S. S. [Voronezh State University (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">326</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PAN....74.1491K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Development of the quantum theory of T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries for prescission and evaporated third particles in ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A comparative analysis of the results obtained by experimentally and theoretically studying T-<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries for various third particles in the true and delayed ternary nuclear fission induced by cold polarized neutrons was performed. It was confirmed that the appearance of these asymmetries was associated with the effect of rotation of a polarized system undergoing fission on the angular distributions of prescission and evaporated third particles with respect to the direction along which the emerging fission fragments flew apart, this effect being determined by the Coriolis interaction of the rotational and the internalmotion of the fissioning system. A quantum-mechanical description of particle motion in a rotating coordinate system was generalized to the case where gamma-ray emission was present. It was <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the separation of the motions of an axially symmetric fissile system into a rotational and an internal motion was valid in the external region as well, where ternary-fission products had already been formed, if it was considered that the motion of fission fragments was tightly connected with the system symmetry axis, which rotated in the laboratory frame. It was found that the dependence of the fissile-system moment of inertia appearing in the Coriolis interaction Hamiltonian on the distance between the fission fragments flying apart generated an additional phase in the amplitude of the radial distribution of fission fragments. It was <span class="hlt">shown</span> that this phase might change sizably the contribution of the interference between fission amplitudes of neutron resonances excited in a fissile compound nucleus to the absolute values of T -<span class="hlt">odd</span> asymmetries, especially for third particles such as neutrons and photons, which interacted only slightly with fission fragments.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kadmensky, S. G.; Bunakov, V. E.; Titova, L. V.; Kadmensky, S. S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">327</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1497013"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Abuse Among Depressed Women</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">OBJECTIVE To provide estimates of <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse and use of health services among depressed women in order to inform efforts to increase detection and treatment of <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse. DESIGN Retrospective assessment of abuse and health services use over 1 year in a cohort of depressed women. SETTING Statewide community sample from Arkansas. PARTICIPANTS We recruited 303 depressed women through random-digit-dial screening. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS Exposure to <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse based on the Conflict Tactics Scale, multi-informant estimate of health and mental health services. Over half of the depressed women (55.2%) reported experiencing <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse as adults, with 14.5% reporting abuse during the study year. Women abused as adults had significantly more severe depressive symptoms, more psychiatric comorbidity, and more <span class="hlt">physical</span> illnesses than nonabused women. After controlling for sociodemographic and severity-of-illness factors, recently abused, depressed women were much less likely to receive outpatient care for mental health problems as compared to other depressed women (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio [OR] 0.3;p = .013), though they were more likely to receive health care for <span class="hlt">physical</span> problems (OR 5.7, p = .021). CONCLUSIONS Because nearly all depressed women experiencing abuse sought general medical rather than mental health care during the year of the study, primary care screening for <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse appears to be a critical link to professional help for abused, depressed women. Research is needed to inform primary care guidelines about methods for detecting abuse in depressed women.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scholle, Sarah Hudson; Rost, Kathryn M; Golding, Jacqueline M</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">328</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006PhRvE..74f6614M"> <span id="translatedtitle">Stable solitons of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> parities supported by competing nonlocal nonlinearities</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We introduce a one-dimensional phenomenological model of a nonlocal medium featuring focusing cubic and defocusing quintic nonlocal optical nonlinearities. By means of numerical methods, we find families of solitons of two types, even-parity (fundamental) and dipole-mode (<span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity) ones. Stability of the solitons is explored by means of computation of eigenvalues associated with modes of small perturbations, and tested in direct simulations. We find that the stability of the fundamental solitons strictly follows the Vakhitov-Kolokolov criterion, whereas the dipole solitons can be destabilized through a Hamiltonian-Hopf bifurcation. The solitons of both types may be stable in the nonlocal model with only quintic self-attractive nonlinearity, in contrast with the instability of all solitons in the local version of the quintic model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mihalache, D.; Mazilu, D.; Lederer, F.; Crasovan, L.-C.; Kartashov, Y. V.; Torner, L.; Malomed, B. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">329</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5226315"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reflection-asymmetric rotor model of <span class="hlt">odd</span> Aapprox. 219--229 nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The low-energy spectroscopy of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei in the mass region Aapprox.219--229 is modeled by coupling states of a deformed shell model including octupole deformation to a reflection-asymmetric rotor core. Theory and experiment are compared for the nuclei in which data are available: /sup 219,221,223,225/Rn, /sup 221,223,225,227/Fr, /sup 219,221,223,225,227/Ra, /sup 219,223,225,227,229/Ac /sup 221,223,225,227,229/Th, and /sup 229/Pa. Overall agreement requires an octupole deformation ..beta../sub 3/approx.0.1. The results throughout the region are synthesized to evaluate the model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Leander, G.A.; Chen, Y.S.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">330</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88f4607P"> <span id="translatedtitle">N and Z <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering in Kr+Sn collisions at Fermi energies</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of the yield of final reaction products has been studied as a function of proton (Z) and neutron (N) numbers for the collisions 84Kr+112Sn and 84Kr+124Sn at 35 MeV/nucleon in a wide range of elements (up to Z?20). The experimental data show that staggering effects rapidly decrease with increasing size of the fragments. Moreover the staggering in N is definitely larger than the one in Z. Similar general features are qualitatively reproduced by the gemini code. Concerning the comparison of the two systems, the staggering in N is in general rather similar, being slightly larger only for the lightest fragments produced in the n-rich system. In contrast the staggering in Z, although smaller than that in N, is sizably larger for the n-poor system with respect to the n-rich one.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Piantelli, S.; Casini, G.; Maurenzig, P. R.; Olmi, A.; Barlini, S.; Bini, M.; Carboni, S.; Pasquali, G.; Poggi, G.; Stefanini, A. A.; Valdrè, S.; Bougault, R.; Bonnet, E.; Borderie, B.; Chbihi, A.; Frankland, J. D.; Gruyer, D.; Lopez, O.; Le Neindre, N.; Pârlog, M.; Rivet, M. F.; Vient, E.; Rosato, E.; Spadaccini, G.; Vigilante, M.; Bruno, M.; Marchi, T.; Morelli, L.; Cinausero, M.; Degerlier, M.; Gramegna, F.; Kozik, T.; Twaróg, T.; Alba, R.; Maiolino, C.; Santonocito, D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">331</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvB..89e4508A"> <span id="translatedtitle">Meissner effect probing of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency triplet pairing in superconducting spin valves</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Superconducting correlations which are long ranged in magnetic systems have attracted much attention due to their spin-polarization properties and potential use in spintronic devices. Whereas experiments have demonstrated the slow decay of such correlations, it has proven more difficult to obtain a smoking gun signature of their <span class="hlt">odd</span>-frequency character which is responsible, e.g., for their gapless behavior. Here we demonstrate that the magnetic susceptibility response of a normal metal in contact with a superconducting spin valve provides precisely this signature, namely, in the form of an anomalous positive Meissner effect, which may be tuned back to a conventional negative Meissner response simply by altering the magnetization configuration of the spin valve.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Alidoust, Mohammad; Halterman, Klaus; Linder, Jacob</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">332</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3616323"> <span id="translatedtitle">Semiparametric Bayes' Proportional <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Models for Current Status Data with Underreporting</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Summary Current status data are a type of interval-censored event time data in which all the individuals are either left or right censored. For example, our motivation is drawn from a cross-sectional study, which measured whether or not fibroid onset had occurred by the age of an ultrasound exam for each woman. We propose a semiparametric Bayesian proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model in which the baseline event time distribution is estimated nonparametrically by using adaptive monotone splines in a logistic regression model and the potential risk factors are included in the parametric part of the mean structure. The proposed approach has the advantage of being straightforward to implement using a simple and efficient Gibbs sampler, whereas alternative semiparametric Bayes’ event time models encounter problems for current status data. The model is generalized to allow systematic underreporting in a subset of the data, and the methods are applied to an epidemiologic study of uterine fibroids.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wang, Lianming; Dunson, David B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">333</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1991GeoRL..18.1853P"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> nitrogen removal on background sulfate aerosols - Implications for the ozone hole</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A sensitivity study is carried out for the dependence of the polar ozone loss rate on the value of the sticking coefficient gamma for the reaction converting <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen into nitric acid on sulfate aerosols. In this study, a 2D model including nitrogen and chlorine families is used along with an explicit condensation mechanism for polar stratospheric clouds (PSC) and a fixed distribution of background sulfate aerosols in the lower stratosphere. If only background aerosols are included, negligible changes in total ozone are observed (up to about 1 percent) when gamma is increased from 0.02 to 0.14. If PSCs are added, the same test produces a significant reduction of the ozone hole depth in Antarctica.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Pitari, Giovanni; Visconti, Guido</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">334</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2796696"> <span id="translatedtitle">Correcting "winner's curse" in <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios from genomewide association findings for major complex human diseases</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) provide an important approach for identifying common genetic variants that predispose to human disease. However, <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (OR) estimates for the reported findings from GWAS discovery data are typically affected by a bias away from the null sometimes referred to the “winner's curse”. Also standard confidence intervals (CIs) may have far from the desired coverage rates. We applied a bias reduction method to GWAS findings from several major complex human diseases, including breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, prostate cancer, type I diabetes and type II diabetes. We found the simple bias correction procedure allows one to estimate bias-adjusted ORs that have substantial consistency with ORs from subsequent replication studies; and that corresponding selection-adjusted CIs appear to help quantify the uncertainty of the findings. Selection-adjusted ORs and CIs can provide a reliable summary of GWAS data, and can help to choose single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for subsequent validation studies.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhong, Hua; Prentice, Ross L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">335</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21289949"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> p isotope {sup 113}In: Measurement of {alpha}-induced reactions</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">One of the few p nuclei with an <span class="hlt">odd</span> number of protons is {sup 113}In. Reaction cross sections of {sup 113}In({alpha},{gamma}){sup 117}Sb and {sup 113}In({alpha},n){sup 116}Sb have been measured with the activation method at center-of-mass energies between 8.66 and 13.64 MeV, close to the astrophysically relevant energy range. The experiments were carried out at the cyclotron accelerator of ATOMKI. The activities were determined by off-line detection of the decay {gamma} rays with a HPGe detector. Measured cross sections and astrophysical S factor results are presented and compared with statistical model calculations using three different {alpha}+nucleus potentials. The comparison indicates that the standard rates used in the majority of network calculations for these reactions were too fast due to the energy dependence of the optical {alpha} potential at low energy.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yalcin, C. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Umuttepe 41380, Kocaeli (Turkey); ATOMKI, H-4001 Debrecen, POB. 51 (Hungary); Gueray, R. T.; Oezkan, N.; Kutlu, S. [Kocaeli University, Department of Physics, Umuttepe 41380, Kocaeli (Turkey); Gyuerky, Gy.; Farkas, J.; Kiss, G. G.; Fueloep, Zs.; Simon, A.; Somorjai, E. [ATOMKI, H-4001 Debrecen, POB. 51 (Hungary); Rauscher, T. [University of Basel, Department of Physics, CH-4056 Basel (Switzerland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-06-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">336</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014OptSp.116..683K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Determination of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetry crystal-field parameters from optical spectra</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have obtained analytical expressions for effective parameters of the crystal field that acts on spin-orbit multiplets of 4 f N configurations taking into account admixture to them of 4 f N-15 d excited states and ligand-to-metal charge-transfer states. As an example, we analyze splittings of the ground and excited multiplets of Pr3+ and Tm2+ ions in some crystals without an inversion center. The effect of mixing of states of different configurations is most strongly pronounced for the 1 G 4 and 1 D 2 excited multiplets. The interconfigurational contribution to splittings is different for different multiplets. This circumstance makes it possible to estimate the values of the parameters of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetry crystal field, which causes mixing of the 4 f N and 4 f N-15 d states, and the covalence parameters of rare-earth ion-ligand bonds.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kornienko, A. A.; Dunina, E. B.; Fomicheva, L. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">337</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3135790"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multiple Imputation for Missing Values Through Conditional Semiparametric <span class="hlt">Odds</span> Ratio Models</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Summary Multiple imputation is a practically useful approach to handling incompletely observed data in statistical analysis. Parameter estimation and inference based on imputed full data have been made easy by Rubin's rule for result combination. However, creating proper imputation that accommodates flexible models for statistical analysis in practice can be very challenging. We propose an imputation framework that uses conditional semiparametric <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio models to impute the missing values. The proposed imputation framework is more flexible and robust than the imputation approach based on the normal model. It is a compatible framework in comparison to the approach based on fully conditionally specified models. The proposed algorithms for multiple imputation through the Monte Carlo Markov Chain sampling approach can be straightforwardly carried out. Simulation studies demonstrate that the proposed approach performs better than existing, commonly used imputation approaches. The proposed approach is applied to imputing missing values in bone fracture data.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chen, Hua Yun; Xie, Hui; Qian, Yi</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">338</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010NuPhA.842....1K"> <span id="translatedtitle">High spin states and isomeric decays in doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> 208Fr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Neutron deficient isotopes of francium ( Z=87, N˜121-123) as excited nuclei were produced in the fusion-evaporation reaction: 197Au( 16O, xn) 213 - xFr at 100 MeV. The ? rays from the residues were observed through the high sensitivity Germanium Clover detector array INGA. The decay of the high spin states and the isomeric states of the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> 208Fr nuclei, identified from the known sequence of ground state transitions, were observed. The half-lives of the E=194(2) keV isomeric transition, known from earlier observations, was measured to be T=233(18) ns. A second isomeric transition at E=383(2) keV and T=33(7) ns was also found. The measured half-lives were compared with the corresponding single particle estimates, based on the level scheme obtained from the experiment.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kanjilal, D.; Bhattacharya, S.; Goswami, A.; Kshetri, R.; Raut, R.; Saha, S.; Bhowmik, R. K.; Gehlot, J.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Jnaneswari, G.; Mukherjee, G.; Mukherjee, B.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">339</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2008PhRvC..77b4310J"> <span id="translatedtitle">Revised and extended level scheme of the doubly-<span class="hlt">odd</span> nucleus Ir188</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">High-spin states in the doubly <span class="hlt">odd</span> Z=77 nucleus Ir188 were studied using the reaction W186(Li7, 5n) at 59 MeV and the GASP spectrometer for ?-ray detection. The level structures recently suggested to be built on the known 4.1(3) ms isomeric state of this nucleus have been considerably revised and extended and an isomer with a lifetime of 17.7(2) ns has been identified within the main decay sequence. In addition two rotational bands built on low spin states below the ms isomer have been observed for the first time. The basic features of the excitation scheme of Ir188 are discussed within the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov theory within the Lipkin-Nogami approach with the finite-range density-dependent Gogny force.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jungclaus, A.; Modamio, V.; Egido, J. L.; Schwengner, R.; Algora, A.; Bazzacco, D.; Escrig, D.; Fernandez, M. A.; Fraile, L. M.; Lenzi, S.; Marginean, N.; Martinez, T.; Napoli, D. R.; Ur, C. A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">340</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvB..89d5144H"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> parity pairing and nodeless antiphase s± in iron-based superconductors</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We discuss the sign change of superconducting order parameters in both real and reciprocal spaces when the <span class="hlt">odd</span> parity spin singlet pairing proposed recently by Hu [Phys. Rev. X 3, 031004 (2013), 10.1103/PhysRevX.3.031004] is allowed. We show that in this case an nodeless antiphase s± can be generated. In a 2-Fe Brilliouin zone (BZ), sign change exists between two hole pockets and between two electron pockets. In a 1-Fe BZ, which includes two 2-Fe BZs, the sign change is between two 2-Fe BZs, which leads to a d-wave type sign distribution on the electron pockets, namely, an antiphase s± state with no symmetry protected gapless node on the electron pockets. This sign change character consistently explains experimental results related to sign change properties measured on both iron-pnictides and iron-chalcogenides.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hao, Ningning; Hu, Jiangping</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_16");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" 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id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">341</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21192108"> <span id="translatedtitle">Effects of ground state correlations on the structure of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass spherical nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is well known that the Pauli principle plays a substantial role at low energies because the quasiparticle and phonon operators, used to describe them, are built of fermions and as a consequence they are not ideal bosons. The correct treatment of this problem requires calculation of the exact commutators between the quasiparticle and phonon operators and in this way to take into account the Pauli principle corrections. In addition to the correlations due to the quasiparticle interaction in the ground-state influence the single-particle fragmentation as well. In this article, we generalize the basic equations of the quasiparticle-phonon nuclear model to account for both effects mentioned above. As an illustration of our approach, calculations of the structure of the low-lying states in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei {sup 131-137}Ba have been performed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Mishev, S.; Voronov, V. V. [Bogoliubov Laboratory for Theoretical Physics, Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, 6 Joliot-Curie str., RU-141980 Dubna (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">342</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20699126"> <span id="translatedtitle">{beta}-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A {sup 57}Ti and {sup 59}V</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The {beta}-decay of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A, neutron-rich {sup 57}Ti and {sup 59}V are studied. More precise {beta}-decay half-lives of 98{+-}5 and 97{+-}2 ms are deduced for {sup 57}Ti and {sup 59}V, respectively. In addition, {beta}-delayed {gamma}-ray spectroscopy is used to deduce {beta}-decay branching ratios and establish the low-energy-level structures of the daughter nuclides. The new data for levels in {sup 57}V and {sup 59}Cr are compared with the results of shell-model calculations completed in the full pf model space. Both {sup 57}V and {sup 59}Cr show evidence of modest oblate deformation near the ground state.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liddick, S.N.; Mantica, P.F.; Tomlin, B.E. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Chemistry, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Broda, R.; Fornal, B. [Niewodniczanski Institute of Nuclear Physics, PL-31342, Cracow (Poland); Brown, B.A.; Davies, A.D.; Schatz, H. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Department of Physics and Astronomy, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Carpenter, M.P.; Janssens, R.V.F. [Physics Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States); Horoi, M. [Department of Physics, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, Michigan 48859 (United States); Morton, A.C.; Mueller, W.F.; Stolz, A. [National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 (United States); Pavan, J.; Tabor, S.L.; Wiedeking, M. [Department of Physics, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida 32306 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">343</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014PhRvC..89c4323S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electromagnetic moments of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Po193-203,211 isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Hyperfine splitting parameters have been measured for the neutron-deficient <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass polonium isotopes and isomers Po193-203g,m, Po209,211. The measurement was performed at the ISOLDE (CERN) online mass separator using the in-source resonance ionization spectroscopy technique. The magnetic dipole moments ? and spectroscopic electric quadrupole moments QS have been deduced. Their implication for the understanding of nuclear structure in the vicinity of the closed proton shell at Z =82 and the neutron mid-shell at N =104 is discussed. For the most neutron-deficient nuclei (A =193,195,197), a deviation of ? and QS from the nearly constant values for heavier polonium nuclei was observed. Particle-plus-rotor calculations with static oblate deformation describe the electromagnetic moments for these nuclei well, provided a gradual increase of a mean deformation when going to lighter masses is assumed for the polonium nuclei with A <198.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Seliverstov, M. D.; Cocolios, T. E.; Dexters, W.; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.; Barzakh, A. E.; Bastin, B.; Büscher, J.; Darby, I. G.; Fedorov, D. V.; Fedosseev, V. N.; Flanagan, K. T.; Franchoo, S.; Huber, G.; Huyse, M.; Keupers, M.; Köster, U.; Kudryavtsev, Yu.; Marsh, B. A.; Molkanov, P. L.; Page, R. D.; Sjödin, A. M.; Stefan, I.; Van Duppen, P.; Venhart, M.; Zemlyanoy, S. G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">344</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860028160&hterms=selection+rules&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3D%2522selection%2Brules%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dissociation of metastable O2 as a potential source of atmospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> oxygen</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An analysis of the possible dissociation of metastable oxygen molecules subject ot constraints imposed by selection rules for molecular transitions, airglow observations, and atmospheric chemistry leads to the following conclusions. Dissociation of O2(b1Sigma g +) must produce a negligible number of oxygen atoms at all altitudes in the earth's atmosphere. However, if the dissociation cross section of O2(a1Delta g) has a maximum value in the range 10 to the -20th to 10 to the -19th/sq cm, then the process O2(a1Delta g) + h(nu) yields O2(C3Delta u) yields O(3P) + O(3P) will constitute a significant, and potentially the major, source of <span class="hlt">odd</span> oxygen in the uppermost stratosphere and mesosphere.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Frederick, J. E.; Cicerone, R. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">345</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21352339"> <span id="translatedtitle">Calculation of the (T,P)-<span class="hlt">odd</span> electric dipole moment of thallium and cesium</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Parity and time invariance violating electric dipole moment of {sup 205}Tl is calculated using the relativistic Hartree-Fock and configuration interaction methods and the many-body perturbation theory. Contributions from the interaction of the electron electric dipole moments with internal electric field and scalar-pseudoscalar electron-nucleon (T,P)-<span class="hlt">odd</span> interaction are considered. The results are d({sup 205}Tl)=-582(20)d{sub e} or d({sup 205}Tl)=-7.0(2)x10{sup -18}C{sup SP}e cm. Interpretation of the measurements are discussed. The results of similar calculations for {sup 133}Cs are d({sup 133}Cs)=124(4)d{sub e} or d({sup 133}Cs)=0.76(2)x10{sup -18}C{sup SP}e cm.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dzuba, V. A.; Flambaum, V. V. [School of Physics, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales 2052 (Australia)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">346</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21499246"> <span id="translatedtitle">Evidence of antimagnetic rotation in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A {sup 105}Cd</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The lifetimes of the levels above spin 23/2{sup -} in the negative-parity yrast band of {sup 105}Cd have been measured using the Doppler shift attenuation method. The obtained B(E2) values are small and show a decrease with an increase in spin. This establishes, for the first time, antimagnetic rotation (AMR) in an <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nucleus. An excellent agreement between the theoretical (semiclassical model) and experimental results along with a large I{sup (2)}/B(E2) ratio for the states strongly suggests that the structure of the levels beyond spin 23/2{sup -} has the character of a twin-shears type AMR band resulting from the coupling of a pair of g{sub 9/2} proton holes with aligned h{sub 11/2} and (g{sub 7/2}){sup 2} neutron particles, along with a small contribution from the core rotation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Choudhury, Deepika; Jain, A. K.; Patial, M.; Gupta, N.; Arumugam, P. [Department of Physics, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee 247667 (India); Dhal, A. [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India); Inter University Accelerator Center, New Delhi 110067 (India); Sinha, R. K. [Department of Physics, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221005 (India); Chaturvedi, L. [Department of Pure and Applied Physics, Guru Ghasidas University, Bilaspur 495009 (India); Joshi, P. K.; Trivedi, T.; Palit, R. [Department of Nuclear and Atomic Physics, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai 400085 (India); Kumar, S.; Garg, R.; Mandal, S. [Department of Physics and Astrophysics, University of Delhi, Delhi 110007 (India); Negi, D.; Mohanto, G.; Muralithar, S.; Singh, R. P.; Madhavan, N.; Bhowmik, R. K. [Inter University Accelerator Center, New Delhi 110067 (India)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-12-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">347</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/22202639"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-skipped related 2 is epigenetically regulated in cellular quiescence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cellular behavior and development are extensively altered during the transition from cell cycle into quiescence, though the mechanism involved in establishing and maintaining quiescence is largely unknown. We found that <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-skipped related 2 (Osr2) was up-regulated during cellular quiescence by serum starvation as well as culturing to confluence. To investigate the regulatory mechanism of Osr2 under these conditions, we characterized the mouse Osr2 promoter. CpG islands in the flanking region of the transcription start site were predominantly methylated in exponentially growing cells, resulting in silencing of Osr2 expression. In addition, CpG demethylation in quiescence caused activation of Osr2 expression, while acetylation of the H3 and H4 histones during quiescence also led to an increase in Osr2 expression. These results suggest that epigenetically regulated Osr2 plays an important role in cellular quiescence and proliferation.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kawai, Shinji, E-mail: skawai@dent.osaka-u.ac.jp [Department of Oral Frontier Biology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita-Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)] [Department of Oral Frontier Biology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita-Osaka 565-0871 (Japan); Amano, Atsuo [Department of Oral Frontier Biology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita-Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)] [Department of Oral Frontier Biology, Osaka University Graduate School of Dentistry, Suita-Osaka 565-0871 (Japan)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-06-11</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">348</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19830067543&hterms=McQuillan&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3DMcQuillan"> <span id="translatedtitle">Influence of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) on <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen in the troposphere and lower stratosphere</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nonmethane hydrocarbon breakdown in the atmosphere produces aldehydes of which a fraction are transferred into peroxyacetyl nitrates (PAN) in the presence of NO and NO2. Since ethane is destroyed photochemically primarily above 1 km, PAN can be introduced into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere without the need to be transported from the boundary layer where most hydrocarbons are destroyed and where PAN may be lost due to thermal decomposition and heterogeneous loss. Mixing ratios of ethane in the lower troposphere increase by a factor of 4-8 from equatorial to northern mid-latitudes. This difference is directly translatable into a PAN latitude gradient. At mid-latitudes the concentration of PAN below 20 km is 0.1 ppb comparable to and in some instances larger than predicted HO2NO2 mixing ratios. Like HO2NO2 and HNO3, PAN serves as a reservoir for <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aikin, A. C.; Herman, J. R.; Maier, E. J. R.; Mcquillan, C. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">349</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1983P%26SS...31.1075A"> <span id="translatedtitle">Influence of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) on <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen in the troposphere and lower stratosphere</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Nonmethane hydrocarbon breakdown in the atmosphere produces aldehydes of which a fraction are transferred into peroxyacetyl nitrates (PAN) in the presence of NO and NO 2. Since ethane is destroyed photochemically primarily above 1 km, PAN can be introduced into the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere without the need to be transported from the boundary layer where most hydrocarbons are destroyed and where PAN may be lost due to thermal decomposition and heterogeneous loss. Mixing ratios of ethane in the lower troposphere increase by a factor of 4-8 from equatorial to northern mid-latitudes. This difference is directly translatable into a PAN latitude gradient. At mid-latitudes the concentration of PAN below 20 km is 0.1 ppb comparable to and in some instances larger than predicted HO 2NO 2 mixing ratios. Like HO 2NO 2 and HNO 3, PAN serves as a reservoir for <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Aikin, A. C.; Herman, J. R.; Maier, E. J. R.; McQuillan, C. J.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1983-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">350</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011PhRvD..84a4036K"> <span id="translatedtitle">Resonance saturation in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-intrinsic parity sector of low-energy QCD</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using the large NC approximation we have constructed the most general chiral resonance Lagrangian in the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-intrinsic parity sector that can generate low-energy chiral constants up to O(p6). Integrating out the resonance fields these O(p6) constants are expressed in terms of resonance couplings and masses. The role of ?' is discussed and its contribution is explicitly factorized. Using the resonance basis we have also calculated two QCD Green functions of currents, ?VVP? and ?VAS?, and found, imposing high-energy constraints, additional relations for resonance couplings. We have studied several phenomenological implications based on these correlators which provided, for example, a prediction for the ?0-pole contribution to the muon g-2 factor: a??0=65.8(1.2)×10-11.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kampf, Karol; Novotný, Ji?í</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">351</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21289975"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mixed symmetry states and {beta} decays of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A Xe to I isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The energy spectra of the parent and daughter nuclei in the {beta} decays ({sup 121-127}Xe,{beta}{sup +121-127}I) are considered in the interacting boson fermion model (IBFM-2) with the g{sub 7/2},d{sub 5/2},d{sub 3/2},s{sub 1/2}, and h{sub 11/2} single-particle orbitals. Electromagnetic transition probabilities and branching ratios in <span class="hlt">odd</span> {sup 121-127}I isotopes are investigated. Special attention is given to the occurrence of mixed symmetry states, and the F-spin structures of the wave functions are analyzed. The log{sub 10}ft values of the allowed {beta} decay transitions are calculated. It is found that the IBFM-2 results agree with the experimental data quite well.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Al-Khudair, Falih H. [Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084 (China); Center of Nuclear Theory, Lanzhou Heavy Ion National Laboratory, Lanzhou, 730000 (China) and Department of Physics, College of Education, Basrah University, Basrah (Iraq)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-07-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">352</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://johanw.home.xs4all.nl/contents.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Formulary</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Provided by physicist Johan Wevers and written at the undergraduate to postgraduate level, the <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Formulary provides 108 pages of <span class="hlt">physics</span> formulas. According to the authors, the Formulary âÂÂis intended to be a short reference for anyone who works with <span class="hlt">physics</span> and often needs to look up equations.â The Formulary is available in a number of formats, including Adobe PDF, and presents formulas relating all major areas of <span class="hlt">physics</span> including mechanics, electricity & magnetism, relativity, oscillations, waves, optics, statistical <span class="hlt">physics</span>, thermodynamics, transport phenomena, quantum <span class="hlt">physics</span>, plasma <span class="hlt">physics</span>, solid state <span class="hlt">physics</span>, theory of groups, nuclear <span class="hlt">physics</span>, quantum field theory & particle <span class="hlt">physics</span>, and astrophysics. This is a great resource for students and teachers of both introductory and advanced <span class="hlt">physics</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wevers, Johan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-04-18</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">353</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3307841"> <span id="translatedtitle">Do Puerto Rican Youth with Asthma and Obesity Have Higher <span class="hlt">Odds</span> for Mental Health Disorders?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Island Puerto Rican (PR) youth experience disproportionately high asthma and obesity rates compared with other racial/ethnic groups on the U.S. mainland. Previous research has demonstrated associations of chronic disease with psychiatric disorders. We examined the relationship among anxiety/depressive disorders, asthma and obesity in an epidemiological community sample of youth. The sample (n=656) was derived from the second wave of an island-wide probabilistic representative household sample of PR youth stratified and based on whether or not they had a diagnosis of asthma and/or depressive/anxiety disorder. For this study we used the subpopulation ages 10–19 years. Asthma and obesity were significantly related to higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> of depressive/anxiety disorders in youth. Obesity moderated the relationship between asthma attacks and depressive/anxiety disorders. The relationship between asthma attack and higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> for depressive/anxiety disorders was only present in the non-obese group. Among the obese, females show a significant increase from 11–36% in the prevalence of anxiety/depressive disorders. Asthma and obesity were highly prevalent and a significant association was found between asthma attack and depressive/anxiety disorders. The effects of asthma and obesity were not additive; the prevalence for psychiatric disorder for those having both conditions did not increase above the prevalence associated having only one of the conditions. Future studies should consider including longitudinal designs and examine the extent to which important variables not included in this study such as body image dissatisfaction, particularly among females, teasing and discrimination may moderate the relationship between obesity and depressive and anxiety disorders in youth.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Acosta-Perez, Edna; Canino, Glorisa; Ramirez, Rafael; Prelip, Michael; Martin, Molly; Ortega, Alexander N.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">354</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3328778"> <span id="translatedtitle">What are the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>? The Neural Correlates of Active Choice during Gambling</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Gambling is a widespread recreational activity and requires pitting the values of potential wins and losses against their probability of occurrence. Neuropsychological research showed that betting behavior on laboratory gambling tasks is highly sensitive to focal lesions to the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and insula. In the current study, we assessed the neural basis of betting choices in healthy participants, using functional magnetic resonance imaging of the Roulette Betting Task. In half of the trials, participants actively chose their bets; in the other half, the computer dictated the bet size. Our results highlight the impact of volitional choice upon gambling-related brain activity: Neural activity in a distributed network – including key structures of the reward circuitry (midbrain, striatum) – was higher during active compared to computer-dictated bet selection. In line with neuropsychological data, the anterior insula and vmPFC were more activated during self-directed bet selection, and responses in these areas were differentially modulated by the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of winning in the two choice conditions. In addition, responses in the vmPFC and ventral striatum were modulated by the bet size. Convergent with electrophysiological research in macaques, our results further implicate the inferior parietal cortex (IPC) in the processing of the likelihood of potential outcomes: Neural responses in the IPC bilaterally reflected the probability of winning during bet selection. Moreover, the IPC was particularly sensitive to the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of winning in the active-choice condition, when the processing of this information was required to guide bet selection. Our results indicate an important role of the IPC in human decision-making under risk and help to integrate neuropsychological data of risk-taking following vmPFC and insula damage with models of choice derived from human neuroimaging and monkey electrophysiology.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Studer, Bettina; Apergis-Schoute, Annemieke M.; Robbins, Trevor W.; Clark, Luke</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">355</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1985atoz.proc...72C"> <span id="translatedtitle">LIMS data - Inferred stratospheric distribution of NOx and HOx trace constituents and the calculated <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen budget</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">LIMS, SAMS, SBUV and in-situ data have been used to infer species not measured but which are of photochemical interest, e.g., O(3P), O(1D), NO, N2O5, OH, HO2, ClO and HCl. (LIMS = limb infrared monitor of the stratosphere; SAMS = stratospheric and mesospheric sounder; and SBUV = solar backscattered ultraviolet instrument.) Production and loss of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen have been calculated and estimates have been made of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen transport due to adiabatically driven circulation derived from LIMS data. Data used from LIMS include O3, NO2, HNO3, H2O and T. CH4 and N2O were taken from SAMS and the UV solar flux from the SBUV instrument. Species were inferred for periods in October, December, March and May. Results for December are discussed. Results indicate: (1) maximum stratospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen levels of 25 ppbv; (2) evidence of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen transport from the mesosphere appearing at 25 km in the wintertime polar latitudes; (3) the polar night build-up of high levels of N2O5 beginning after the autumnal equinox; and (4) the possibility of large downward fluxes of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen into the troposphere during the winter at latitudes poleward of 60 degrees.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Callis, L. B.; Russell, J. M.; Boughner, R. E.; Natarajan, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">356</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19860063865&hterms=LIMS&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D20%26Ntt%3DLIMS"> <span id="translatedtitle">LIMS data - Inferred stratospheric distribution of NOx and HOx trace constituents and the calculated <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen budget</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">LIMS, SAMS, SBUV and in-situ data have been used to infer species not measured but which are of photochemical interest, e.g., O(3P), O(1D), NO, N2O5, OH, HO2, ClO and HCl. (LIMS = limb infrared monitor of the stratosphere; SAMS = stratospheric and mesospheric sounder; and SBUV = solar backscattered ultraviolet instrument.) Production and loss of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen have been calculated and estimates have been made of the <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen transport due to adiabatically driven circulation derived from LIMS data. Data used from LIMS include O3, NO2, HNO3, H2O and T. CH4 and N2O were taken from SAMS and the UV solar flux from the SBUV instrument. Species were inferred for periods in October, December, March and May. Results for December are discussed. Results indicate: (1) maximum stratospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen levels of 25 ppbv; (2) evidence of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen transport from the mesosphere appearing at 25 km in the wintertime polar latitudes; (3) the polar night build-up of high levels of N2O5 beginning after the autumnal equinox; and (4) the possibility of large downward fluxes of <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen into the troposphere during the winter at latitudes poleward of 60 degrees.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Callis, L. B.; Russell, J. M.; Boughner, R. E.; Natarajan, M.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">357</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ia.usu.edu/viewproject.php?project=ia:7284"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Education</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> education is important to children and their developing bodies, both <span class="hlt">physical</span> and mental. All children should get up off the couch and do some type of <span class="hlt">physical</span> education. Students will understand and apply the health-enhancing benefits of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity and proper nutrition. Being healthy in <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity and eating the right foods boost your ability to have fun and feel good about yourself. The President\\'s Council on <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Fitness and Sports program is a great way to kids to get started at getting <span class="hlt">physically</span> fit. They have listed their top 10 tips ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cherry, Mr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-10-06</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">358</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/19795291"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> of metal clusters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The theoretical and experimental basis for some current <span class="hlt">physical</span> models are described and applied to explain the properties of clusters of a few prototype s-p metals. Emphasis is given to the successful use of models such as jellium which were originally developed for bulk solids. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the experimental data and the results of the jellium model point</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Marvin L. Cohen; M. Y. Chou; W. D. Knight; Walt A. De Heer</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1987-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">359</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/1437556"> <span id="translatedtitle">Basic <span class="hlt">physics</span> of insulators</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A number of areas of basic insulator <span class="hlt">physics</span> that have made considerable steps forward the last few years are reviewed, and it <span class="hlt">shown</span> how these have affected the understanding of practical dielectrics and methods of data handling. The topics covered include mathematical techniques, advances in the computation of electric fields and the theory of dielectrics and space charges, novel experimental</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">H. J. Wintle</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">360</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22ellipse%22&id=EJ1025229"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Shapes of <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">I have used many ploys to start a course in introductory <span class="hlt">physics</span>, but one of the more interesting ones was to spend 20 minutes describing some of the curves and shapes that we would encounter in our year together. The students saw parabolas, catenaries, hyperbolas, cycloids, circles, ellipses, and helices, and were <span class="hlt">shown</span> examples, either live or…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Greenslade, Thomas B., Jr.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_17");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" 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id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">361</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23733419"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identifying the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio estimated by a two-stage instrumental variable analysis with a logistic regression model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">An adjustment for an uncorrelated covariate in a logistic regression changes the true value of an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for a unit increase in a risk factor. Even when there is no variation due to covariates, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for a unit increase in a risk factor also depends on the distribution of the risk factor. We can use an instrumental variable to consistently estimate a causal effect in the presence of arbitrary confounding. With a logistic outcome model, we show that the simple ratio or two-stage instrumental variable estimate is consistent for the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of an increase in the population distribution of the risk factor equal to the change due to a unit increase in the instrument divided by the average change in the risk factor due to the increase in the instrument. This <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio is conditional within the strata of the instrumental variable, but marginal across all other covariates, and is averaged across the population distribution of the risk factor. Where the proportion of variance in the risk factor explained by the instrument is small, this is similar to the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio from a RCT without adjustment for any covariates, where the intervention corresponds to the effect of a change in the population distribution of the risk factor. This implies that the ratio or two-stage instrumental variable method is not biased, as has been suggested, but estimates a different quantity to the conditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio from an adjusted multiple regression, a quantity that has arguably more relevance to an epidemiologist or a policy maker, especially in the context of Mendelian randomization. PMID:23733419</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Burgess, Stephen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-11-30</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">362</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3935453"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identifying the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio estimated by a two-stage instrumental variable analysis with a logistic regression model*</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Adjustment for an uncorrelated covariate in a logistic regression changes the true value of an <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for a unit increase in a risk factor. Even when there is no variation due to covariates, the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio for a unit increase in a risk factor also depends on the distribution of the risk factor. An instrumental variable can be used to consistently estimate a causal effect in the presence of arbitrary confounding. With a logistic outcome model, we show that the simple ratio or two-stage instrumental variable estimate is consistent for the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio of an increase in the population distribution of the risk factor equal to the change due to a unit increase in the instrument divided by the average change in the risk factor due to the increase in the instrument. This <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio is conditional within strata of the instrumental variable, but marginal across all other covariates, and is averaged across the population distribution of the risk factor. Where the proportion of variance in the risk factor explained by the instrument is small, this is similar to the <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio from a randomized controlled trial without adjustment for any covariates, where the intervention corresponds to the effect of a change in the population distribution of the risk factor. This implies that the ratio or two-stage instrumental variable method is not biased, as has been suggested, but estimates a different quantity to the conditional <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio from an adjusted multiple regression; a quantity which has arguably more relevance to an epidemiologist or a policy-maker, especially in the context of Mendelian randomization.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Burgess, Stephen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">363</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24180418"> <span id="translatedtitle">Poor sleep quality in Australian adults with comorbid psychological distress and <span class="hlt">physical</span> illness.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A population-based questionnaire study of 1,818 Australian adults investigated associations of sleep quality with psychological distress and comorbid <span class="hlt">physical</span> health disorders. The Kessler Psychological Distress Scale and the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System assessed psychological distress and <span class="hlt">physical</span> health. The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index assessed sleep quality. Participants with <span class="hlt">physical</span> illness or psychological distress had increased <span class="hlt">odds</span> for reporting poor sleep quality, compared to those with no illness (<span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios [ORs] = 2.22, for both; 95% confidence intervals [CIs] = 1.53-3.23 and 3.54-10.36, respectively), but those with comorbid illness had markedly higher <span class="hlt">odds</span> for poor sleep quality (OR = 11.99, 95% CI = 7.90-18.20). Adults with comorbid psychological distress and <span class="hlt">physical</span> health disorders are at substantially increased risk of poor sleep quality. PMID:24180418</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scott, David; Paterson, Jessica L; Happell, Brenda</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">364</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2009AIPC.1101..144O"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Constructivism and Quantum Probability</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">I describe the main ideas of constructive <span class="hlt">physics</span> and its role for the probability interpretation of quantum theory. It is <span class="hlt">shown</span> how the explicit probability space for quantum systems gives the formal representation of entanglement and decoherence.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ozhigov, Yu. I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">365</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/934515"> <span id="translatedtitle">Onset and Saturation of Ion Heating by <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-parity Rotating-magnetic-fields in a Field-reversed Configuration</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Heating of figure-8 ions by <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity rotating magnetic fields (RMF?) applied to an elongated field-reversed configuration (FRC) is investigated. The largest energy gain occurs at resonances (s ? ?(sub)R??) of the RMF? frequency, ?(sub)R, with the figure-8 orbital frequency, ?, and is proportional to s^2 for s – even resonances and to s for s – <span class="hlt">odd</span> resonances. The threshold for the transition from regular to stochastic orbits explains both the onset and saturation of heating. The FRC magnetic geometry lowers the threshold for heating below that in the tokamak by an order of magnitude.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">A.S. Landsman, S.A. Cohen, A.H. Glasser</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-11-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">366</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20995206"> <span id="translatedtitle">Dipole strength distributions of the stable <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass N=82 isotones {sup 139}La and {sup 141}Pr</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The low-lying dipole strength distributions of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass isotopes {sup 139}La and {sup 141}Pr were studied in nuclear resonance fluorescence experiments using bremsstrahlung beams. Excited states were observed at excitation energies up to 4 MeV. Spectroscopic information was obtained on excitation energies, decay widths, decay branching ratios, and transition probabilities. The states belonging to the [[2{sup +}(multiply-in-circle sign)3{sup -}](multiply-in-circle sign)particle/hole] coupling were a special focus, and the results are compared with other stable <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei at or near the N=82 shell closure.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Scheck, M. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Brentano, P. von; Fransen, C.; Linnemann, A.; Muecher, D.; Pietralla, N.; Scholl, C.; Werner, V. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Universitaet zu Koeln, D-50937 Koeln (Germany); Kneissl, U.; Kohstall, C.; Pitz, H. H.; Stedile, F.; Walter, S. [Institut fuer Strahlenphysik, Universitaet Stuttgart, D-70569 Stuttgart (Germany); Yates, S. W. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States); Department of Chemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky 40506-0055 (United States)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-04-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">367</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21409505"> <span id="translatedtitle">New constraints on a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson and related NMSSM ideal Higgs scenarios</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Recent BABAR limits on BR({Upsilon}(3S){yields}{gamma}a{yields}{gamma}{tau}{sup +{tau}-}) and BR({Upsilon}(3S){yields}{gamma}a{yields}{gamma}{mu}{sup +{mu}-}) provide increased constraints on the abb coupling of a CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson, a, with m{sub a}<M{sub {Upsilon}(3S)}. We extract these limits from the BABAR data and compare to the limits previously obtained using other data sets, especially the CLEO-III BR({Upsilon}(1S){yields}{gamma}{yields}{tau}{sup +{tau}-}) limits. Comparisons are made to predictions in the context of ''ideal''-Higgs NMSSM scenarios, in which the lightest CP-even Higgs boson, h{sub 1}, can have mass below 105 GeV (as preferred by precision electroweak data) and yet can escape old LEP limits by virtue of decays to a pair of the lightest CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs bosons, h{sub 1{yields}}a{sub 1}a{sub 1}, with m{sub a{sub 1}}<2m{sub B}. Most such scenarios with m{sub a{sub 1}}<2m{sub {tau}}are eliminated, but the bulk of the m{sub a{sub 1}}>7.5 GeV scenarios, which are theoretically the most favored, survive. We also outline the impact of the new ALEPH LEP results in the e{sup +}e{sup -{yields}}Z+4{tau} channel. For tan{beta}{>=}3, only NMSSM ideal Higgs scenarios with m{sub h{sub 1}} > or approx. 98 GeV and m{sub a{sub 1}} close to 2m{sub B} satisfy the ALEPH limits. For tan{beta} < or approx. 2, the ALEPH limits are easily satisfied for the most theoretically preferred NMSSM scenarios, which are those with m{sub a{sub 1}} close to 2m{sub B} and m{sub h{sub 1{approx}}}90-100 GeV.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dermisek, Radovan; Gunion, John F. [Department of Physics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616, USA, and Theory Group, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">368</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.phystec.org/items/detail.cfm?ID=9950"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teach <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Teach <span class="hlt">Physics</span> is a video to excite and inspire undergraduate <span class="hlt">physics</span> majors to pursue teaching careers. A teacher can have an impact on dozens of young lives every day. And qualified <span class="hlt">physics</span> teachers are in high demand almost anywhere in the country. This innovative video showcases four dynamic young teachers who will inspire students to consider a career in teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span>. As more and more careers require an understanding of science, and schools face a critical and growing need for qualified <span class="hlt">physics</span> teachers, any student who might consider a career teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span> should see this video.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Popkin, Gabriel</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-04-12</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">369</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21202257"> <span id="translatedtitle">Nuclear-<span class="hlt">physics</span> characteristics of short-lived <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> {sup 232}Pa, {sup 238}Np and {sup 242g}Am nuclides (measurement results and prospects for further researches)</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In VNIIEF there were measured cross-sections of {sup 232}Pa and {sup 238}Np fission caused by thermal neutrons. The obtained data do not agree with the results of measurements carried out in Los Alamos National Laboratory (USA). Possible reasons of the result divergence are discussed. There are considered the measurement prospects for fission and radiation capture cross-sections of thermal neutrons by the nuclei of {sup 232}Pa, {sup 238}Np and {sup 242g}Am, including the measurements performed with the aid of ILL (Grenoble, France) reactor and some devices for neutron researches.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fomushkin, Eduard F.; Abramovich, Sergei N.; Andreev, Mikhail F. [Russian Federal Nuclear Center-All-Russia Scientific Research Institute of Experimental Physics 607190, Sarov (Arzamas-16), Nizhny Novgorod region (Russian Federation)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-10-26</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">370</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/20695948"> <span id="translatedtitle">Determination of the Gamow-Teller strength distribution from the <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus {sup 50}V measured through {sup 50}V(d,{sup 2}He){sup 50}Ti and astrophysical implications</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Cross sections for the charge-exchange reaction (d,{sup 2}He) on {sup 50}V, the only <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> stable nucleus in the pf shell, have been measured at an incident energy of 171 MeV. The two correlated protons of the unbound {sup 2}He system were both momentum analyzed and detected by the same spectrometer and detector. Measurements have been carried out at forward center-of-mass angles up to 6 deg. The GT{sup +} strength distribution has been extracted up to about 12 MeV of excitation energy. Because charge-exchange reactions from {sup 50}V provide a unique opportunity to probe Gamow-Teller response from an <span class="hlt">odd-odd</span> nucleus of the pf shell, the present study serves as important test case for model calculations and astrophysical processes that proceed through GT-type transitions. Consequently, the experimental result is compared with a large-scale shell-model calculation, and the implications for electron-capture processes in presupernova environments are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Baeumer, C.; Frekers, D.; Grewe, E.-W.; Haefner, P.; Hollstein, S.; Junk, B.C.; Korff, A.; Rakers, S. [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Westfaelische Wilhelms-Universitaet Muenster, D-48149 Muenster (Germany); Berg, A.M. van den; Davids, B.; Harakeh, M.N.; Hunyadi, M.; Huu, M.A. de; Woertche, H.J. [Kernfysisch Versneller Instituut, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen, NL-9747 AA Groningen (Netherlands); Frenne, D. de; Jacobs, E.; Negret, A.; Popescu, L. [Vakgroep Subatomaire en Stralingsfysica, Universiteit Gent, B-9000 Gent (Belgium); Hofmann, F.; Neumann-Cosel, P. von [Institut fuer Kernphysik, Technische Universitaet Darmstadt, D-64289 Darmstadt (Germany)] [and others</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-02-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">371</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=A2+AND+PHYSICS&pg=3&id=EJ228732"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Notes.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Presents nine <span class="hlt">physics</span> notes for British secondary school teachers. Some of these notes are: (1) speed of sound in a steel rod; (2) <span class="hlt">physics</span> extracts-part four (1978); and (3) a graphical approach to acceleration. (HM)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">School Science Review, 1980</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">372</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/teen/food_fitness/exercise/sports_physicals.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sports <span class="hlt">Physicals</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... important. What Is a Sports <span class="hlt">Physical</span>? In the sports medicine field, the sports <span class="hlt">physical</span> exam is known as ... of any potential conditions you may have. Most sports medicine doctors believe the medical history is the most ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">373</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/immune_disorders/allergic_reactions_and_other_hypersensitivity_disorders/physical_allergy.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Allergy</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... <span class="hlt">physical</span> stimulus. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> stimuli include the following: Cold Sunlight Heat or other stimuli that cause sweating (such ... a foreign substance and attacks it. Sensitivity to sunlight (photosensitivity) is an example. Ultraviolet light changes proteins ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">374</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=convection+OR+koenig&pg=5&id=EJ150555"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Notes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Described are 13 <span class="hlt">physics</span> experiments/demonstrations applicable to introductory <span class="hlt">physics</span> courses. Activities include: improved current balance, division circuits, liquid pressure, convection, siphons, oscillators and modulation, electrical resistance, soap films, Helmholtz coils, radioactive decay, and springs. (SL)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">School Science Review, 1976</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1976-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">375</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://kidshealth.org/kid/stay_healthy/fit/sports_physicals.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Sports <span class="hlt">Physicals</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... baseball, football, or basketball. What Happens During a Sports <span class="hlt">Physical</span> There are two main parts to a ... which they can participate. Where to Get a Sports <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Some older kids may be able to ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">376</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001941.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity -- which includes an active lifestyle and routine exercise -- plus eating well, is the best way to ... shortness of breath when you are active Build <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity into your regular routine Simple lifestyle changes can ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">377</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/806616"> <span id="translatedtitle">Tevatron <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">These lectures form a personal, and not necessarily comprehensive, survey of <span class="hlt">physics</span> at the Fermilab Tevatron proton-antiproton collider. They cover detectors, analysis issues, and <span class="hlt">physics</span> prospects for the current Tevatron run.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">John Womersley</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-03</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">378</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://stats.bls.gov/ooh/Healthcare/Physical-therapists.htm"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> Therapists</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://medlineplus.gov/">MedlinePLUS</a></p> <p class="result-summary">... prerequisites, such as anatomy, physiology, biology, chemistry, and <span class="hlt">physics</span>. Most DPT programs require applicants to apply through ... annual wages, May 2012 <span class="hlt">Physical</span> therapists $79,860 Health diagnosing and treating practitioners $73,410 Total, all ...</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">379</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=DEFORMATION&pg=4&id=EJ074866"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Notes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Seventeen experiments in <span class="hlt">physics</span> are described to demonstrate various <span class="hlt">physical</span> phenomena. These include the areas of velocity of sound, damped oscillations, plastic deformation of wires, materials, testing, air resistance, spectrum optical filtering, and some new improvised apparatus. (PS)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">School Science Review, 1972</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1972-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">380</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.physicstoday.org/"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Today</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This online magazine contains articles relating to <span class="hlt">physics</span> and its applications today, as well as a community for members. The <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Today website also contains job announcements and current news feeds.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Physics, American I.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-02-07</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_18");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a onClick='return showDiv("page_1");' 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showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">381</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://interactivephysics.design-simulation.com/IP/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Interactive <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Interactive <span class="hlt">Physics</span> is a complete modeling and simulation environment that allows teachers and students to explore <span class="hlt">physics</span> concepts such as mechanics, conservation of energy, vectors, time/distance/force equations, planetary motion, relative motion and electrostatics.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Msc.software</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-10-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">382</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24796425"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> complaints and doubtful conditions: norms of hypochondria in jane austen and catherine belling.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In her final fragmentary novel Sanditon, Jane Austen develops a theme that pervades her work from her juvenilia onward: illness, and in particular, illness imagined, invented, or self-inflicted. While the "invention of <span class="hlt">odd</span> complaints" is characteristically a token of folly or weakness throughout her writing, in this last work imagined illness is also both a symbol and a cause of how selves and societies degenerate. In the shifting world of Sanditon, hypochondria is the lubricant for a society bent on turning health into a commodity. As a result, people's rationality and their moral character come under attack. Catherine Belling's recent subtle study, A Condition of Doubt: The Meanings of Hypochondria, unveils hypochondria's discursive and cultural character. Running sharply against the tenor of Austen's treatment, however, she argues in defense of the rationality of hypochondriacs; the notion that the condition may involve morally significant defects is not entertained; any connection to the commercialization of health care is muted. Here, I contrast Austen's morally and epistemically negative rendering of her hypochondriacal characters in Sanditon with Belling's efforts to create a sympathetic understanding of people with hypochondria. I will argue that, despite time gaps and genre differences, joint consideration of these texts can help bioethicists better appreciate how medicine can intensify, pathologize, and exploit anxieties about illness and death, thus adding to the challenges of living well in the face of mortality and morbidity. PMID:24796425</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nelson, James Lindemann</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">383</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhRvD..81e5001D"> <span id="translatedtitle">Direct production of a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show that the existing CDF L=630pb-1 Tevatron data on pp??+?-X places substantial limits on a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson a with ma<2mB produced via gg?a, even for ma>2m? for which BR(a??+?-) is relatively small. Extrapolation of this existing CDF analysis to L=10fb-1 suggests that Tevatron limits on the abb¯ coupling strength in the region ma>8GeV could be comparable to or better than limits from Upsilon decays in the ma<7GeV region. We also give rough estimates of future prospects at the LHC, demonstrating that early running will substantially improve limits on a light a (or perhaps discover a signal). In particular, outside the Upsilon peak region, integrated luminosity of only 5fb-1-20fb-1 (depending on ma and s) could reveal a peak in M?+?- and will certainly place important new limits on a light a. The importance of such limits in the context of next-to-minimal supersymmetric model Higgs discovery and (g-2)? are outlined.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dermíšek, Radovan; Gunion, John F.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">384</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21409879"> <span id="translatedtitle">Direct production of a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson at the Tevatron and LHC</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We show that the existing CDF L=630 pb{sup -1} Tevatron data on pp{yields}{mu}{sup +{mu}-}X places substantial limits on a light CP-<span class="hlt">odd</span> Higgs boson a with m{sub a}<2m{sub B} produced via gg{yields}a, even for m{sub a}>2m{sub {tau}}for which BR(a{yields}{mu}{sup +{mu}-}) is relatively small. Extrapolation of this existing CDF analysis to L=10 fb{sup -1} suggests that Tevatron limits on the abb coupling strength in the region m{sub a}>8 GeV could be comparable to or better than limits from Upsilon decays in the m{sub a}<7 GeV region. We also give rough estimates of future prospects at the LHC, demonstrating that early running will substantially improve limits on a light a (or perhaps discover a signal). In particular, outside the Upsilon peak region, integrated luminosity of only 5 fb{sup -1}-20 fb{sup -1} (depending on m{sub a} and {radical}(s)) could reveal a peak in M{sub {mu}}{sup +}{sub {mu}}{sup -} and will certainly place important new limits on a light a. The importance of such limits in the context of next-to-minimal supersymmetric model Higgs discovery and (g-2){sub {mu}}are outlined.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dermisek, Radovan; Gunion, John F. [Department of Physics, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana 47405 (United States); Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, California 95616 (United States) and Theory Group, CERN, CH-1211, Geneva 23 (Switzerland)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">385</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23037691"> <span id="translatedtitle">A goodness-of-fit test for the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> regression model.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We examine goodness-of-fit tests for the proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> logistic regression model-the most commonly used regression model for an ordinal response variable. We derive a test statistic based on the Hosmer-Lemeshow test for binary logistic regression. Using a simulation study, we investigate the distribution and power properties of this test and compare these with those of three other goodness-of-fit tests. The new test has lower power than the existing tests; however, it was able to detect a greater number of the different types of lack of fit considered in this study. Moreover, the test allows for the results to be summarized in a contingency table of observed and estimated frequencies, which is a useful supplementary tool to assess model fit. We illustrate the ability of the tests to detect lack of fit using a study of aftercare decisions for psychiatrically hospitalized adolescents. The test proposed in this paper is similar to a recently developed goodness-of-fit test for multinomial logistic regression. A unified approach for testing goodness of fit is now available for binary, multinomial, and ordinal logistic regression models. PMID:23037691</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Fagerland, Morten W; Hosmer, David W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-06-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">386</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006PhRvE..73f1711C"> <span id="translatedtitle">Molecular dynamic study of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect in some 4- n -alkyl- 4' -cyanobiphenyls</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using a united atom model, we performed molecular dynamics (MD) simulations on the 4- n -alkyl- 4' -cyanobiphenyl (nCB) liquid crystal homologous series for n=5-9 at a constant reduced temperature in the nematic phase. To evaluate the rotational diffusion coefficient (RDC), the second- and fourth-rank order parameters (OP’s) and correlation time were calculated from MD trajectories. We analyzed the rotational viscosity coefficient (RVC) by using the Nemtsov-Zakharov and Fialkowski methods based on statistical-mechanical approaches. The simulated RDC, RVC, and OP’s were found to be reasonable when compared with previous theoretical and experimental data. These quantities were also calculated for the rigid core and alkyl chain segments separately for each mesogen, to take a closer look at the molecule tail-chain flexibility. The properties calculated for a rigid core were compared with those for an alkyl chain, and satisfactory results were obtained. <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-even effects for RDF, RVC, and molecular ordering parameters were calculated for five mesogens.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Capar, Mine Ilk; Cebe, Emine</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">387</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22510274"> <span id="translatedtitle">Adjusting for confounding by neighborhood using a proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model and complex survey data.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">In social epidemiology, an individual's neighborhood is considered to be an important determinant of health behaviors, mediators, and outcomes. Consequently, when investigating health disparities, researchers may wish to adjust for confounding by unmeasured neighborhood factors, such as local availability of health facilities or cultural predispositions. With a simple random sample and a binary outcome, a conditional logistic regression analysis that treats individuals within a neighborhood as a matched set is a natural method to use. The authors present a generalization of this method for ordinal outcomes and complex sampling designs. The method is based on a proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model and is very simple to program using standard software such as SAS PROC SURVEYLOGISTIC (SAS Institute Inc., Cary, North Carolina). The authors applied the method to analyze racial/ethnic differences in dental preventative care, using 2008 Florida Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data. The ordinal outcome represented time since last dental cleaning, and the authors adjusted for individual-level confounding by gender, age, education, and health insurance coverage. The authors compared results with and without additional adjustment for confounding by neighborhood, operationalized as zip code. The authors found that adjustment for confounding by neighborhood greatly affected the results in this example. PMID:22510274</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Brumback, Babette A; Dailey, Amy B; Zheng, Hao W</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-06-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">388</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2010PhRvA..82d2507Z"> <span id="translatedtitle">Radiative-lifetime measurements and calculations of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity highly excited levels in Ba i</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Natural radiative lifetime measurements have been performed for 70 <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity highly excited levels of neutral barium in the energy range from 308 15.512 to 417 59.93 cm-1 by a time-resolved laser-induced fluorescence technique in a laser-produced plasma. The lifetime values measured in this paper are in the range from 11.3 to 901 ns. They are compared with the published lifetimes of four levels. Two of them are in good agreement, whereas for the other two our measurements are slightly longer than the published data. The reasons for the discrepancies are discussed. Comparisons with theoretical results of the Hartree-Fock method with relativistic corrections illustrate the difficulties associated with the use of Cowan’s codes for obtaining accurate branching fractions for transitions depopulating highly excited levels along the Rydberg series of heavy neutral elements. This work will be useful to extend the set of oscillator strengths available in Ba i.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Zhang, Wei; Palmeri, Patrick; Quinet, Pascal; Biémont, Émile; Du, Shan; Dai, Zhenwen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">389</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3246813"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> electron diffraction patterns in silicon nanowires and silicon thin films explained by microtwins and nanotwins</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Odd</span> electron diffraction patterns (EDPs) have been obtained by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) on silicon nanowires grown via the vapour–liquid–solid method and on silicon thin films deposited by electron beam evaporation. Many explanations have been given in the past, without consensus among the scientific community: size artifacts, twinning artifacts or, more widely accepted, the existence of new hexagonal Si phases. In order to resolve this issue, the microstructures of Si nanowires and Si thin films have been characterized by TEM, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and high-resolution scanning transmission electron microscopy. Despite the differences in the geometries and elaboration processes, the EDPs of the materials show great similarities. The different hypotheses reported in the literature have been investigated. It was found that the positions of the diffraction spots in the EDPs could be reproduced by simulating a hexagonal structure with c/a = 12(2/3)1/2, but the intensities in many EDPs remained unexplained. Finally, it was established that all the experimental data, i.e. EDPs and HRTEM images, agree with a classical cubic silicon structure containing two microstructural defects: (i) overlapping ?3 microtwins which induce extra spots by double diffraction, and (ii) nanotwins which induce extra spots as a result of streaking effects. It is concluded that there is no hexagonal phase in the Si nanowires and the Si thin films presented in this work.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Cayron, Cyril; Den Hertog, Martien; Latu-Romain, Laurence; Mouchet, Celine; Secouard, Christopher; Rouviere, Jean-Luc; Rouviere, Emmanuelle; Simonato, Jean-Pierre</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">390</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910062720&hterms=photochemistry&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D40%26Ntt%3D%2522photochemistry%2522"> <span id="translatedtitle">A test of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen photochemistry using Spacelab 3 atmospheric trace molecule spectroscopy observations</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The ozone profile calculated using a 1D time-dependent photochemical model, with recommended absorption cross sections and reaction rate constants, is systematically less than Spacelab 3 (May 1985) atmospheric trace molecule spectroscopy (ATMOS) observations at sunset, 30 deg N latitude, throughout the upper stratosphere and mesosphere. Model results are about 9 percent smaller than the nominal ATMOS O3 value at 40 km and 50 percent less at 76 km. Given the uncertainties associated with the ATMOS profile, the model 'deficit' may be as large as 15 percent at 36 km, increasing to about 70 percent at 76 km. A similar model O3 deficit exists at sunrise, 47 deg S latitude, in the stratosphere: nominal differences of not more than 25 percent, increasing to not more than 45 percent when the ATMOS uncertainties are considered. Model results closely approximate ATMOS observations in both the upper stratosphere and mesosphere upon enhancing <span class="hlt">odd</span>-oxygen production by increasing the O2 Schumann-Runge band and Herzberg-continuum cross section values used in the calculations.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Allen, Mark; Delitsky, Mona L.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">391</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23611192"> <span id="translatedtitle">Notes on interval estimation of the generalized <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio under stratified random sampling.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It is not rare to encounter the patient response on the ordinal scale in a randomized clinical trial (RCT). Under the assumption that the generalized <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (GOR) is homogeneous across strata, we consider four asymptotic interval estimators for the GOR under stratified random sampling. These include the interval estimator using the weighted-least-squares (WLS) approach with the logarithmic transformation (WLSL), the interval estimator using the Mantel-Haenszel (MH) type of estimator with the logarithmic transformation (MHL), the interval estimator using Fieller's theorem with the MH weights (FTMH) and the interval estimator using Fieller's theorem with the WLS weights (FTWLS). We employ Monte Carlo simulation to evaluate the performance of these interval estimators by calculating the coverage probability and the average length. To study the bias of these interval estimators, we also calculate and compare the noncoverage probabilities in the two tails of the resulting confidence intervals. We find that WLSL and MHL can generally perform well, while FTMH and FTWLS can lose either precision or accuracy. We further find that MHL is likely the least biased. Finally, we use the data taken from a study of smoking status and breathing test among workers in certain industrial plants in Houston, Texas, during 1974 to 1975 to illustrate the use of these interval estimators. PMID:23611192</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lui, Kung-Jong; Chang, Kuang-Chao</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">392</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=4016923"> <span id="translatedtitle">Obesity and the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> of Weight Gain following Androgen Deprivation Therapy for Prostate Cancer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background. Increasing body mass index (BMI) is associated with increased risk of mortality; however, quantifying weight gain in men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) for prostate cancer (PC) remains unexplored. Methods. Between 1995 and 2001, 206 men were enrolled in a randomized trial evaluating the survival difference of adding 6 months of ADT to radiation therapy (RT). BMI measurements were available in 171 men comprising the study cohort. The primary endpoint was weight gain of ?10?lbs by 6-month followup. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess whether baseline BMI or treatment received was associated with this endpoint adjusting for known prognostic factors. Results. By the 6-month followup, 12 men gained ?10?lbs, of which 10 (83%) received RT + ADT and, of these, 7 (70%) were obese at randomization. Men treated with RT as compared to RT + ADT were less likely to gain ?10?lbs (adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (AOR): 0.18 [95% CI: 0.04–0.89]; P = 0.04), whereas this risk increased with increasing BMI (AOR: 1.15 [95% CI: 1.01–1.31]; P = 0.04). Conclusions. Consideration should be given to avoid ADT in obese men with low- or favorable-intermediate risk PC where improved cancer control has not been observed, but shortened life expectancy from weight gain is expected.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Braunstein, Lior Z.; Chen, Ming-Hui; Loffredo, Marian; Kantoff, Philip W.; D'Amico, Anthony V.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">393</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp?R=19910042419&hterms=Precipitating&qs=Ntx%3Dmode%2Bmatchall%26Ntk%3DAll%26N%3D0%26No%3D10%26Ntt%3DPrecipitating"> <span id="translatedtitle">Precipitating relativistic electrons - Their long-term effect on stratospheric <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen levels</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://ntrs.nasa.gov/search.jsp">NASA Technical Reports Server (NTRS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Using electron count rate data at geostationary orbit, daily energy spectra, extending from 30 keV to 15 MeV, have been developed for trapped relativistic electrons at 6.6 earth radii. These spectra have been used to model the flux of these electrons into the atmosphere at 120 km. Energy deposition calculations permit daily sources of HO(x) and NO(y) to be calculated at auroral and subauroral latitudes due to relativistic electron precipitation (REP) for the period June 13, 1979, through June 4, 1988. Both short-term and long-term source variations are quite large over the period considered. The results suggest that a significant contribution to the anomalously large and unexplained global O3 declines between 1979 and 1985 has been made by the catalytic destruction of O3 by <span class="hlt">odd</span> nitrogen in the lower stratosphere at mid to high latitudes. The results also provide evidence for a clear and strong linkage between solar variability, the state of the magnetosphere, and the chemical climatological state of the middle and lower atmosphere.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Callis, Linwood B.; Boughner, Robert E.; Baker, D. N.; Blake, J. B.; Lambeth, J. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1991-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">394</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013PhRvC..88c7602S"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reaction mechanism in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of reaction cross sections</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">It was recently suggested that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even staggering of reaction cross sections is evidence of the pairing anti-halo effect on projectile radii. We define the dimensionless staggering parameters ?rds and ?R for projectile radii and reaction cross sections, respectively, and analyze the relation between ?rds and ?R for the scattering of 14,15,16C from a 12C target at 83 MeV/nucleon by taking account of projectile-breakup and nuclear-medium effects with the microscopic version of the continuum discretized coupled-channels method. The value of ?R deviates from that of ?rds by the projectile-breakup effect, the nuclear-medium effect, and an effect resulting from the fact that the scattering is not exactly black-sphere scattering (BSS). The projectile-breakup and nuclear medium effects nearly cancel for ?R at low incident energies. The remaining non-BSS effect becomes small as the incident energy decreases, indicating that nucleus-nucleus scattering at lower incident energies can be a good probe for evaluating ?rds from measured reaction cross sections.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sasabe, Satoru; Matsumoto, Takuma; Tagami, Shingo; Furutachi, Naoya; Minomo, Kosho; Shimizu, Yoshifumi R.; Yahiro, Masanobu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">395</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12588798"> <span id="translatedtitle">A major locus on mouse chromosome 18 controls XX sex reversal in <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Sex (Ods) mice.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">We have previously reported a dominant mouse mutant, <span class="hlt">Odd</span> sex (Ods), in which XX Ods/+ mice on the FVB/N background show complete sex reversal, associated with expression of Sox9 in the fetal gonads. Remarkably, when crossed to the A/J strain approximately 95% of the (AXFVB) F(1) XX Ods/+ mice developed as fully fertile, phenotypic females, the remainder developing as males or hermaphrodites. Using a (AXFVB) F(2) population, we conducted a genome-wide linkage scan to identify the number and chromosomal location of potential Ods modifier genes. A single major locus termed Odsm1 was mapped to chromosome 18, tightly linked to D18Mit189 and D18Mit210. Segregation at this locus could account for the presence of sex reversal in 100% of XX Ods/+ mice which develop as males, for the absence of sex reversal in approximately 92% of XX Ods/+ mice which develop as females, and for the mixed sexual phenotype in approximately 72% of XX Ods/+ mice that develop with ambiguous genitalia. We propose that homozygosity for the FVB-derived allele strongly favors Ods sex reversal, whereas homozygosity for the A/J-derived allele inhibits it. In mice heterozygous at Odsm1, the phenotypic outcome, male, female or hermaphrodite, is determined by a complex interaction of several minor modifying loci. The close proximity of Smad2, Smad7 and Smad4 to D18Mit189/210 provides a potential mechanism through which Odsm1 might act. PMID:12588798</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Qin, Yangjun; Poirier, Christophe; Truong, Cavatina; Schumacher, Armin; Agoulnik, Alexander I; Bishop, Colin E</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">396</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21061959"> <span id="translatedtitle">Global microscopic calculations of ground-state spins and parities for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Systematic calculations of ground-state spins and parities of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass nuclei have been performed within the Hartree-Fock-BCS (HFBCS) approach and the finite-range droplet model for nuclei for which experimental data are available. The unpaired nucleon has been treated perturbatively, and axial and left-right reflection symmetries have been assumed. As for the HFBCS approach, three different Skyrme forces have been used in the particle-hole channel, whereas the particle-particle matrix elements have been approximated by a seniority force. The calculations have been done for the 621 nuclei for which the Nubase 2003 data set gives assignments of spins and parities with strong arguments. The agreement of both spin and parity in the self-consistent model reaches about 80% for spherical nuclei, and about 40% for well-deformed nuclei regardless of the Skyrme force used. As for the macroscopic-microscopic approach, the agreement for spherical nuclei is about 90% and about 40% for well-deformed nuclei, with different sets of spherical and deformed nuclei found in each model.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bonneau, L.; Moeller, P. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Quentin, P. [Theoretical Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Centre d'Etudes Nucleaires de Bordeaux-Gradignan, Universite Bordeaux 1-IN2P3/CNRS, BP 120 F-33175 Gradignan cedex (France)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-08-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">397</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2013APS..MAR.J5006O"> <span id="translatedtitle">Self-assembly mechanisms and even/<span class="hlt">odd</span> disparity of short atomic chains on graphene</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Self-assembly mechanisms of carbon chains on boron nitride and short BN chains on graphene are investigated using first-principles plane wave calculations. Once a C2 nucleates on h-BN, the insertion of each additional carbon at its close proximity causes a short segment of carbon atomic chain to grow by one atom at a time in a quaint way: The existing chain leaves its initial position and subsequently is attached from its bottom end to the top of the carbon ad-atom. The electronic, magnetic and structural properties of these chains depend on the number of carbon atoms in the chain, such that they exhibit an even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> disparity. An individual carbon chain can also modify the electronic structure with localized states in the wide band gap of h-BN. As a reverse situation, the growth of short BN atomic chains on graphene is also examined. These results reveal the interesting self-assembly behavior short atomic chains. Furthermore, we find that these atomic chains enhance the chemical activity of h-BN and graphene sheets by creating active sites and can act as pillars between two and multiple sheets of these honeycomb structures leaving wider spacing between them to achieve high capacity storage of specific molecules.[4pt] [1] V.O. Ozcelik and S. Ciraci, Phys. Rev. B 86 155421 (2012).</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ongun Ozcelik, V.; Ciraci, Salim</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">398</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/21336130"> <span id="translatedtitle">Multi-instantons and exact results III: Unification of even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> anharmonic oscillators</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This is the third article in a series of three papers on the resonance energy levels of anharmonic oscillators. Whereas the first two papers mainly dealt with double-well potentials and modifications thereof [see J. Zinn-Justin, U.D. Jentschura, Ann. Phys. (N.Y.) 313 (2004) 197 and 269], we here focus on simple even and <span class="hlt">odd</span> anharmonic oscillators for arbitrary magnitude and complex phase of the coupling parameter. A unification is achieved by the use of PT-symmetry inspired dispersion relations and generalized quantization conditions that include instanton configurations. Higher-order formulas are provided for the oscillators of degrees 3 to 8, which lead to subleading corrections to the leading factorial growth of the perturbative coefficients describing the resonance energies. Numerical results are provided, and higher-order terms are found to be numerically significant. The resonances are described by generalized expansions involving intertwined nonanalytic exponentials, logarithmic terms and power series. Finally, we summarize spectral properties and dispersion relations of anharmonic oscillators, and their interconnections. The purpose is to look at one of the classic problems of quantum theory from a new perspective, through which we gain systematic access to the phenomenologically significant higher-order terms.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jentschura, Ulrich D. [Department of Physics, Missouri University of Science and Technology, Rolla, Missouri, MO 65409 (United States)], E-mail: ulj@mst.edu; Surzhykov, Andrey [Physikalisches Institut der Universitaet, Philosophenweg 12, 69120 Heidelberg (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum fuer Schwerionenforschung, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Zinn-Justin, Jean [CEA, IRFU and Institut de Physique Theorique, Centre de Saclay, F-91191 Gif-Sur-Yvette (France)</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-05-15</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">399</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23982545"> <span id="translatedtitle">Relationship between <span class="hlt">physical</span> work load and lumbar disc herniation.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Lumbar disc herniation (LDH) is a disabling problem. This retrospective case control study was done to evaluate the possible relevance of <span class="hlt">physical</span> work load with Lumbar Disc Herniation. We have performed this study in the Spinal Surgery Unit of Department of Orthopaedic Surgery at BSMMU, Dhaka from July 2007 to June 2010 where 200 cases with Lumbar Disc Herniation and 200 control subjects matched by age, gender and area of residence were taken and analyzed. Chi-square test was computed for sex, area of residence, type of <span class="hlt">physical</span> work and effort at work, whereas <span class="hlt">Odds</span> ratio was computed for <span class="hlt">physical</span> work load, stress at work and daily working period. The highest <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratio (OR) was with the <span class="hlt">physical</span> work load (OR: 03.48, CI: 01.84-06.59), hard work (OR: 03.14, CI: 01.74-05.65) and working period of >8 hours (OR: 01.34, CI: 0.75-02.38). <span class="hlt">Odds</span> ratio for heavy load carrying at work was 03.48 and less job satisfaction or stress at work was 02.45. There was a statistically significant positive association between cumulative exposure of <span class="hlt">physical</span> work load and lumbar disc herniation indicating an increased occurrence of herniation in heavy <span class="hlt">physical</span> work load and occupation requiring harder efforts. PMID:23982545</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Ahsan, M K; Matin, T; Ali, M I; Ali, M Y; Awwal, M A; Sakeb, N</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">400</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2006APS..NWS.B2003B"> <span id="translatedtitle">The German <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society in the Third Reich: Local Conservatism between Co-optation and Autonomy.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">During the National Socialism regime the German <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Society (GPS), like many other German professional organizations, faced difficult choices along the spectrum of co-optation into the Nazi power structure and autonomy from the regime. This paper examines several examples of the Society's actions which <span class="hlt">shown</span> an seeking to maintain traditional disciplinary standards while at the same time selectively cooperating with some of the regime's expectations. The successful riposte to ardent Nazi Johannes Stark's effort to become GPS chair in 1933 showed that the GPS was able to assert its traditional disciplinary authority structure even in the face of efforts to subsume the Society under the leadership principle favored by the Nazis. The Society's later election of industrial physicist Carl Ramsauer showed the GPS emphsizing the strategic (also military) importance of <span class="hlt">physics</span>--and also willing to accommodate the regime's demand for the exclusion of non-Aryans. Finally, the choices behind the GPS's awarding of its presitigious Max Planck Medal in the late 1930's and early 40's show that both achievement in <span class="hlt">physics</span> and political considerations--favoring scientists sympathetic to the regime, avoiding those antagonistic to it--were taken into account. Taken together, these examples demonstrate a kind of ``local conservativism'' that was at some times at <span class="hlt">odds</span> with Nazi ideology but which nevertheless avoided open confrontation and indeed selectively cooperated with the regime's agenda.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Beyler, Richard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2006-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_19");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" 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class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Benjamin Franklin said, ``Tell me, and I forget. Teach me, and I remember. Involve me, and I learn.'' He would not be surprised to learn that research in <span class="hlt">physics</span> pedagogy has consistently <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the traditional lecture is the least effective teaching method for teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span>. We asked high school <span class="hlt">physics</span> teachers which teaching activities they used in their classrooms. While almost all teachers still lecture sometimes, two-thirds use something other than lecture most of the time. The five most often-used activities are <span class="hlt">shown</span> in the table below. In the January issue, we will look at the 2013 Nationwide Survey of High School <span class="hlt">Physics</span> teachers. Susan White is Research Manager in the Statistical Research Center at the American Institute of <span class="hlt">Physics</span>; she directs the Nationwide Survey of High School <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Teachers. If you have any questions, please contact Susan at swhite@aip.org.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-12-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">402</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED544802.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Finding Schools Exceeding Achievement Expectations with High-Risk Students. REL 2014-032</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">State education leaders are often interested in identifying schools that have demonstrated success with improving the literacy of students who are at the highest level of risk for reading difficulties. The identification of these schools that are "beating the <span class="hlt">odds</span>" is typically accomplished by comparing a school's observed…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koon, Sharon; Petscher, Yaacov; Foorman, Barbara R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">403</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED544803.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Finding Schools Exceeding Achievement Expectations with High-Risk Students. Summary. REL 2014-032</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">State education leaders are often interested in identifying schools that have demonstrated success with improving the literacy of students who are at the highest level of risk for reading difficulties. The identification of these schools that are "beating the <span class="hlt">odds</span>" is typically accomplished by comparing a school's observed…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Koon, Sharon; Petscher, Yaacov; Foorman, Barbara R.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">404</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/50788815"> <span id="translatedtitle">LSP simulation of the formation of a field reversed configuration plasma with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity rotating magnetic fields</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Summary form only given. The field reversed configuration (FRC) for plasma confinement and heating has features that make it a leading candidate for practical compact fusion energy plants. The PFRC (Princeton FRC) experiment makes use of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-parity rotating magnetic fields (RMF) to drive field reversal and provide plasma heating. In this paper, we describe \\</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D. R. Welch; T. C. Genoni; S. A. Cohen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">405</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19327450"> <span id="translatedtitle">Evaluation of the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect in limits of detection for electron microprobe analysis of natural minerals.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Limit of detection (LOD), being a fundamental quality parameter for analytical techniques, has been recently investigated and a systematic behavior has been observed for most <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even element pairs for many techniques. However, to the best of our knowledge very few LOD data are available in published literature for electron microprobe analysis; these consist of three papers, two being on rare-earth elements and the third covering a large number of elements of atomic number between 21 and 92. These data confirm the systematic behavior of LODs for many <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even pairs. To initiate to full this gap, we determined LODs for several major rock-forming chemical elements from Na to Fe with atomic numbers between 11 and 26, during the microprobe analysis of common minerals (olivine, plagioclase, pyroxene, amphibole, quartz, and opaques) in volcanic rocks. The <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even effect of nuclear stability seems to be present in LOD data for most <span class="hlt">odd</span>-even pairs investigated. Nevertheless, the experimental strategy concerning the reference materials, calibration procedure, and blank measurements, should be substantially modified to better evaluate the systematic behavior of LOD values in microprobe analysis. PMID:19327450</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Verma, Surendra P; Pandarinath, Kailasa; Velasco-Tapia, Fernando; Rodríguez-Ríos, Rodolfo</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-04-13</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">406</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=generalized+AND+anxiety+AND+disorder&pg=6&id=EJ799126"> <span id="translatedtitle">Co-Occurring <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and GAD Symptom Groups: Source-Specific Syndromes and Cross-Informant Comorbidity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Despite important clinical and nosological implications, the comorbidity of oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) has received little attention. A clinic-based sample of 243 boys (ages 6-10 years), their parents, and teachers participated in an evaluation that involved assessments of behavioral, academic, and…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Drabick, Deborah A. G.; Gadow, Kenneth D.; Loney, Jan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">407</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Bergen&pg=2&id=EJ855358"> <span id="translatedtitle">Should There Be Separate Parent and Teacher-Based Categories of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>? Evidence from a General Population</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Objective: To examine the occurrence of oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) symptoms in a general population of boys and girls, as reported by parents and teachers, and to investigate differences in prevalence estimates, depending on how parents' and teachers' ratings were combined. Method: Data were collected from 7007 children (aged 7-9) who…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Munkvold, Linda; Lundervold, Astri; Lie, Stein Atle; Manger, Terje</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">408</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4776889"> <span id="translatedtitle">Repeated measures proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> logistic regression analysis of ordinal score data in the statistical software package R</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">The widely used proportional <span class="hlt">odds</span> model is developed for correlated repeated ordinal score data, using a modified version of the generalized estimating equation (GEE) method for model fitting for a range of working correlation models. The algorithm developed estimates the correlation parameter, by minimizing the generalized variance of the regression parameters at each step of the fitting algorithm. Methods for</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Nick R. Parsons; Matthew L. Costa; Juul Achten; Nigel Stallard</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">409</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22200893"> <span id="translatedtitle">A multi-domain model of risk factors for <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms in a community sample of 4-year-olds.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Few studies have been designed to assess the pathways by which risk factors are associated with symptoms of psychopathology across multiple domains, including contextual factors, parental depression, parenting, and child characteristics. The present study examines a cross-sectional model of risk factors for symptoms of Oppositional Defiant Disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) in a diverse community sample of 796 four-year-old children. In the best-fitting model: (a) SES had indirect effects on contextual factors of stress and conflict, parental depression, and parenting factors including hostility, support, and scaffolding; (b) stress and conflict had both direct effects on <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms, and indirect effects via parental depression and parenting; (c) parenting had direct effects on <span class="hlt">ODD</span> symptoms and indirect effects via child effortful control (EC), negative affect (NA) and sensory regulation (SR); (c) NA, EC, and SR had direct effects on symptom frequency, and attachment had indirect effects via EC, and SR. These results highlight the importance of using a multi-domain model to examine risk factors for symptoms of <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and also provide information about areas to target in treatment. PMID:22200893</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Lavigne, John V; Gouze, Karen R; Hopkins, Joyce; Bryant, Fred B; LeBailly, Susan A</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">410</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=ANALYSIS+AND+COST-BENEFIT&pg=7&id=EJ722825"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Effect of Raffle <span class="hlt">Odds</span> on Signing In at a Treatment Center for Adults with Mental Illness</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This case study describes the use of a daily raffle to increase attendance in a socialization center for approximately 75 adults diagnosed with mental illness. Specifically, the relationship between signing in, which was a measure of attendance, and the <span class="hlt">odds</span> of winning points which could be exchanged for tangible and edible items was examined. An…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Gravina, Nicole; Wilder, David A.; White, Holly; Fabian, Todd</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">411</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3957007"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Skipped Labels a Group of Distinct Neurons Associated With the Mushroom Body and Optic Lobe in the Adult Drosophila Brain</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Olfactory processing has been intensively studied in Drosophila melanogaster. However, we still know little about the descending neural pathways from the higher order processing centers and how these connect with other neural circuits. Here we describe, in detail, the adult projections patterns that arise from a cluster of 78 neurons, defined by the expression of the <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-skipped transcription factor. We term these neurons <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons. By using expression of genetically encoded axonal and dendritic markers, we show that a subset of the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons projects dendrites into the calyx of the mushroom body (MB) and axons into the inferior protocerebrum. We exclude the possibility that the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons are part of the well-known Kenyon cells whose projections form the MB and conclude that the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons belong to a previously not described class of extrinsic MB neurons. In addition, three of the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons project into the lobula plate of the optic lobe, and two of these cells extend axons ipsi- and contralaterally in the brain. Anatomically, these cells do not resemble any previously described lobula plate tangential cells (LPTCs) in Drosophila. We show that the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons are predominantly cholinergic but also include a small number of ?-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic neurons. Finally, we provide evidence that the <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons are a hemilineage, suggesting they are born from a defined set of neuroblasts. Our anatomical analysis hints at the possibility that subgroups of <span class="hlt">Odd</span> neurons could be involved in olfactory and visual processing.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Levy, Peter; Larsen, Camilla</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">412</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21600654"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-numbered perfluorocarboxylates predominate over perfluorooctanoic acid in serum samples from Japan, Korea and Vietnam.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) has recently attracted attention as a potential health risk following environmental contamination. However, information detailing exposure to perfluorinated carboxylic acids (PFCAs) other than PFOA is limited. We measured the concentrations of PFCAs (from perfluorohexanoic acid to perfluorotetradecanoic acid) in serum samples obtained from patients in Japan (Sendai, Takayama, Kyoto and Osaka) between 2002 and 2009, Korea (Busan and Seoul) between 1994 and 2008 and Vietnam (Hanoi) in 2007/2008. Total PFCA levels (geometric mean) were increased from 8.9 ng mL(-1) to 10.3 ng mL(-1) in Japan; from 7.0 ng mL(-1) to 9.2 ng mL(-1) in Korea; and were estimated at 4.7 ng mL(-1) in Vietnam. PFCAs of greater length than PFOA were significantly increased in Sendai, Takayama and Kyoto, Japan, and levels of long-chain PFCAs exceeded PFOA levels in serum. Among these PFCAs, perfluoroundecanoic acid (PFUnDA) was the predominant component (28.5%), followed by perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA 17.5%), perfluorodecanoic acid (PFDA 7.9%), perfluorotridecanoic acid (PFTrDA 6.1%) and perfluorododecanoic acid (PFDoDA 1.8%). <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-numbered PFCAs (PFNA, PFUnDA and PFTrDA) were also observed in Korea and Vietnam and their presence increased significantly in Korea between 1994 and 2007/2008. The proportion of long-chain PFCAs in serum was relatively high compared to reports in Western countries. Further investigations into the sources and exposure routes are needed to predict the future trajectory of these serum PFCA levels. PMID:21600654</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Harada, Kouji H; Hitomi, Toshiaki; Niisoe, Tamon; Takanaka, Katsunobu; Kamiyama, Sigetosi; Watanabe, Takao; Moon, Chan-seok; Yang, Hye-ran; Hung, Nguyen Ngoc; Koizumi, Akio</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-10-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">413</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014Ap%26SS.351..235R"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electron capture strength on <span class="hlt">odd</span>- A nucleus 59Co in explosive astrophysical environment</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Gamow-Teller (GT) transitions within massive stars play sumptuous role in the dynamics of core collapse supernovae. GT strength distributions and electron capture rates have been calculated for <span class="hlt">odd</span>- A nucleus 59Co within the proton-neutron quasiparticles random phase approximation (pn-QRPA) formalism. The pn-QRPA results are compared with other model calculations and ( n, p) reaction experiment carried out at TRIUMF charge-exchange facility. The pn-QRPA calculated a total B( GT +) strength of 3.3 for 59Co to be compared with the shell model value of 2.5 and the 1.9±0.1 in the ( n, p) charge-exchange reaction. Aufderheide et al. (1993) extracted total strength equaling 2.4±0.3. The placement of GT centroid at 5.6 MeV by the pn-QRPA model is in reasonable agreement with the shell model centroid at 5.1 MeV whereas the measured GT centroid was placed at 4.4±0.3 MeV in the ( n, p) experiment. Fuller, Fowler and Newman (FFN) (1980, 1982a, 1982b), placed the GT centroid at too low excitation energy of 2.0 MeV in the daughter nucleus 59Fe, and this misplacement led to the enhancement of FFN rates. The suppressed pn-QRPA and shell model electron capture rates are in good agreement with each other. The rates are suggestive of higher value of Y e (electron-to-baryon ratio) and may contribute to a more massive homologously collapsing core resulting in a more energetic shock. It might be interesting for the simulators to check the effect of these suppressed rates on the fine-tuning of the time rate of Y e , the concomitant heavy element nucleosynthesis, and, on the energetics of the subsequent shock wave.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Rahman, Muneeb-Ur; Nabi, Jameel-Un</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">414</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3831959"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Odd</span>-skipped related-1 controls neural crest chondrogenesis during tongue development</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The tongue is a critical element of the feeding system in tetrapod animals for their successful adaptation to terrestrial life. Whereas the oral part of the mammalian tongue contains soft tissues only, the avian tongue has an internal skeleton extending to the anterior tip. The mechanisms underlying the evolutionary divergence in tongue skeleton formation are completely unknown. We show here that the <span class="hlt">odd</span>-skipped related-1 (Osr1) transcription factor is expressed throughout the neural crest-derived tongue mesenchyme in mouse, but not in chick, embryos during early tongue morphogenesis. Neural crest-specific inactivation of Osr1 resulted in formation of an ectopic cartilage in the mouse tongue, reminiscent in shape and developmental ontogeny of the anterior tongue cartilage in chick. SRY-box containing gene-9 (Sox9), the master regulator of chondrogenesis, is widely expressed in the nascent tongue mesenchyme at the onset of tongue morphogenesis but its expression is dramatically down-regulated concomitant with activation of Osr1 expression in the developing mouse tongue. In Osr1 mutant mouse embryos, expression of Sox9 persisted in the developing tongue mesenchyme where chondrogenesis is subsequently activated to form the ectopic cartilage. Furthermore, we show that Osr1 binds to the Sox9 gene promoter and that overexpression of Osr1 suppressed expression of endogenous Sox9 mRNAs and Sox9 promoter-driven reporter. These data indicate that Osr1 normally prevents chondrogenesis in the mammalian tongue through repression of Sox9 expression and suggest that changes in regulation of Osr1 expression in the neural crest-derived tongue mesenchyme underlie the evolutionary divergence of birds from other vertebrates in tongue morphogenesis.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Liu, Han; Lan, Yu; Xu, Jingyue; Chang, Ching-Fang; Brugmann, Samantha A.; Jiang, Rulang</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">415</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23894427"> <span id="translatedtitle">Against all <span class="hlt">odds</span>: genocidal trauma is associated with longer life-expectancy of the survivors.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Does surviving genocidal experiences, like the Holocaust, lead to shorter life-expectancy? Such an effect is conceivable given that most survivors not only suffered psychosocial trauma but also malnutrition, restriction in hygienic and sanitary facilities, and lack of preventive medical and health services, with potentially damaging effects for later health and life-expectancy. We explored whether genocidal survivors have a higher risk to die younger than comparisons without such background. This is the first population-based retrospective cohort study of the Holocaust, based on the entire population of immigrants from Poland to Israel (N?=?55,220), 4-20 years old when the World War II started (1939), immigrating to Israel either between 1945 and 1950 (Holocaust group) or before 1939 (comparison group; not exposed to the Holocaust). Hazard of death - a long-term outcome of surviving genocidal trauma - was derived from the population-wide official data base of the National Insurance Institute of Israel. Cox regression yielded a significant hazard ratio (HR?=?0.935, CI (95%)?=?0.910-0.960), suggesting that the risk of death was reduced by 6.5 months for Holocaust survivors compared to non-Holocaust comparisons. The lower hazard was most substantial in males who were aged 10-15 (HR?=?0.900, CI (95%)?=?0.842-0.962, i.e., reduced by 10 months) or 16-20 years at the onset of the Holocaust (HR?=?0.820, CI (95%)?=?0.782-0.859, i.e., reduced by18 months). We found that against all <span class="hlt">odds</span> genocidal survivors were likely to live longer. We suggest two explanations: Differential mortality during the Holocaust and "Posttraumatic Growth" associated with protective factors in Holocaust survivors or in their environment after World War II. PMID:23894427</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sagi-Schwartz, Abraham; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J; Linn, Shai; van Ijzendoorn, Marinus H</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2013-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">416</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://mazur.harvard.edu/education/educationmenu.php"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Education</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Based at Harvard University, the Mazur Group is headed by Professor Eric Mazur who teaches <span class="hlt">physics</span> and applied <span class="hlt">physics</span>. Professor Mazur, his lab colleagues, and students worked to create this website on <span class="hlt">physics</span> education. The site brings their own research into the classroom experience and provides resources for teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span>. The "Areas of Research" includes information on collaborative learning via peer instruction, gender differences in introductory <span class="hlt">physics</span> courses, and the value of classroom demonstrations. Each of these areas contains a brief summary of the Mazur Group's work in each area, and visitors can sign up for updates. Further down on the site, visitors can look through a book on peer instruction (complete with resource material) and the proceedings from a National Science Foundation conference that deals with teaching <span class="hlt">physics</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate"></p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">417</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/magazine/physicstoday"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Today</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Today is a monthly journal of the American Institute of <span class="hlt">Physics</span> that has been in circulation for 50 years. Now <span class="hlt">Physics</span> today is available free online. Lively news and reviews, the latest discoveries,, and a forum for discussion of current issues in <span class="hlt">physics</span> make up the journal. this month's special focus is on the centennial anniversary of NIST (the National Institute of Standards and Technology) with articles on the <span class="hlt">physics</span> of atomic clocks, determination of fundamental constants, and more. Letters, book reviews, job and meeting announcements, and new product listings are also presented. The site states that, in the near future, access restrictions will apply and certain services will be available only to subscribers and individual members of societies connected to the American Institute of <span class="hlt">Physics</span>.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2001-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">418</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22806701"> <span id="translatedtitle">Child <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse and adult mental health: a national study.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This study characterizes adults who report being <span class="hlt">physically</span> abused during childhood, and examines associations of reported type and frequency of abuse with adult mental health. Data were derived from the 2000-2001 and 2004-2005 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions, a large cross-sectional survey of a representative sample (N = 43,093) of the U.S. population. Weighted means, frequencies, and <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios of sociodemographic correlates and prevalence of psychiatric disorders were computed. Logistic regression models were used to examine the strength of associations between child <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse and adult psychiatric disorders adjusted for sociodemographic characteristics, other childhood adversities, and comorbid psychiatric disorders. Child <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse was reported by 8% of the sample and was frequently accompanied by other childhood adversities. Child <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse was associated with significantly increased adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span> ratios (AORs) of a broad range of DSM-IV psychiatric disorders (AOR = 1.16-2.28), especially attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, posttraumatic stress disorder, and bipolar disorder. A dose-response relationship was observed between frequency of abuse and several adult psychiatric disorder groups; higher frequencies of assault were significantly associated with increasing adjusted <span class="hlt">odds</span>. The long-lasting deleterious effects of child <span class="hlt">physical</span> abuse underscore the urgency of developing public health policies aimed at early recognition and prevention. PMID:22806701</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sugaya, Luisa; Hasin, Deborah S; Olfson, Mark; Lin, Keng-Han; Grant, Bridget F; Blanco, Carlos</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">419</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.animationphysics.com/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Animation <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This web site provides <span class="hlt">physics</span> tutorials and other resources for animation artists and professionals working in the animation industry. There are three tutorials covering topics related to the graphical representation of linear and accelerated motion, rotations, and center of mass. The presentation is non-mathematical and focuses on the consequences of the laws of <span class="hlt">physics</span>. The web site also provides other <span class="hlt">physics</span> references for animators and has started a wiki for community building.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Garcia, Alejandro</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-04-02</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">420</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/cover.html"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> 2000</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> 2000 relies heavily on the use of interactive applets. These are different from the typical animations you see on the Internet because you can actually interact with them. This is an older site from the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies at the University of Colorado, Boulder. It uses cartoon characters to explain <span class="hlt">physics</span> concepts. A downloadable version of <span class="hlt">Physics</span> 2000 is available by contacting the Center for Integrated Plasma Studies via postal mail.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author"></p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-05-25</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_20");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> <span id="PageLinks" class="pageLinks"> <span> <a 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showDiv("page_23");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">421</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22Physical+Activity%22+AND+-JET&id=EJ953751"> <span id="translatedtitle">Break for <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity: Incorporating Classroom-Based <span class="hlt">Physical</span> Activity Breaks into Preschools</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Engaging in moderate-to-vigorous <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity is essential to lifelong health and wellness. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity behaviors established in early childhood relate to <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity behaviors in later years. However, research has <span class="hlt">shown</span> that children are adopting more sedentary behaviors. Incorporating structured and planned <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Wadsworth, Danielle D.; Robinson, Leah E.; Beckham, Karen; Webster, Kip</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">422</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=children+AND+welfare&pg=4&id=ED507535"> <span id="translatedtitle">Reversing the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Improving Outcomes for Babies in the Child Welfare System</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Babies and young children in the child welfare system have a high prevalence for <span class="hlt">physical</span>, cognitive, and social-emotional delays--and often don't have access to the services and supports that could make all the difference. This is the book that will help professionals go beyond abuse prevention and ensure comprehensive healthy development of…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dicker, Sheryl</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2009-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">423</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=Amyotrophic+AND+Lateral+AND+Sclerosis&pg=2&id=EJ569866"> <span id="translatedtitle">Against All <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: Positive Life Experiences of People with Advanced Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes the nature of positive life experiences of 13 people coping exceptionally well while living with advanced amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), or Lou Gehrig's, disease and the resulting significant <span class="hlt">physical</span> disabilities. Emerging themes were the use of cognitive reappraisal, reframing, and intellectual stimulation as coping mechanisms;…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Young, Jenny M.; McNicoll, Paule</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1998-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">424</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2014JPhG...41g5104J"> <span id="translatedtitle">Identification of spin relaxation following ?-decay in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A novel graphical method has been devised for \\left[ {A + 4} \\right]\\left( {J_{P} } \\right)\\buildrel{\\alpha}\\over{\\longrightarrow} A^* \\left( {J_1 } \\right)\\buildrel{\\gamma}\\over{\\longrightarrow}A\\left( {J_2 } \\right) decay, in <span class="hlt">odd</span>-A nuclei, when JP < J1, to determine whether spin relaxation in the state of spin J1 has occurred. For a short lived excited daughter state A* of spin J1, its populated magnetic substates, following ?-decay from a parent nucleus [A + 4] of spin JP, should be restricted to those of value |M| ? JP (when J1 > JP). However, for longer lived excited states, spin relaxation allows population of JP < |M| ? J1 substates. The statistical tensors B2 and B4 (or population alignment coefficients) of Rose and Brink can be determined from the measured (non-zero) Legendre polynomial coefficients. These measured B2 and B4 can be compared with their theoretical counterparts both for the case when |M| ? JP and for the case when |M| ? J1. It is then readily apparent, from a graphical examination, whether spin relaxation has occurred or not. The same statistical tensors B2 and B4, also allow one to analyse ?–? directional angular correlations and ?–? linear polarization angular distributions simultaneously, rather than as different data sets. The technique has been applied to the case of {}^{219}Rn\\left( {J_{P} = 5/2^+ } \\right)\\buildrel{\\alpha}\\over{\\longrightarrow}{}^{215}Po^* \\left( {J_1 = 7/2^ + } \\right)\\buildrel{\\gamma = 271\\;keV}\\over{{\\rightarrow}}{}^{215}Po\\left( {9/2^ + } \\right) decay. Spin relaxation of the 271 keV state (T_{{{\\scriptstyle 1}/{\\scriptstyle 2}}} \\approx 0.2\\;ns) allowing population of substates with |M| ? 7/2, is required to satisfactorily fit the published data. The population of the M = ±7/2 substates due to spin relaxation is estimated to be less than 20% of the total, equally split between the two.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Jones, G. D.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2014-07-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">425</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58724907"> <span id="translatedtitle">Complete <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">This book contains all the essential concepts for GCSE (or equivalent) <span class="hlt">physics</span> courses or for general science courses at Key Stage 4. It claims to be ideal for use as a bridging resource for those intending to take <span class="hlt">physics</span> beyond GCSE: it is no surprise, then, that the book is written at a level above that of the average Key</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Simon Carson</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">426</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/51714860"> <span id="translatedtitle">Plasma <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Beginning at an introductory level, this text presents a thorough treatment of plasma <span class="hlt">physics</span>, including an extensive discussion of its applications in thermonuclear fusion research. A novel feature of this book is its comprehensive description of the various concepts and formulas widely used in fusion theory based on the fundamental equations of the plasma fluid. The <span class="hlt">physics</span> of fusion plasmas</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Kyoji Nishikawa; Masashiro Wakatani</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1990-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">427</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=speed+AND+velocity+AND+acceleration&id=EJ242888"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> Notes.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Describes equipment, activities, and experiments useful in <span class="hlt">physics</span> instruction, including among others, a list of articles relating to <span class="hlt">physics</span> topics, computer interface that makes a computer cost effective, use of a guitar in vibrating string experiments, and photoelectric aids to the measurement of distance, speed, velocity, and acceleration.…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">School Science Review, 1980</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1980-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">428</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/58724693"> <span id="translatedtitle">Thermal <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">I read this book with great interest since so many standard and good textbooks already exist within statistical and thermal <span class="hlt">physics</span> that I expected to find an answer to the main question: why should one more book be published and for whom? This branch of knowledge (particularly, the <span class="hlt">physics</span> at thermal equilibrium which constitutes the main part of this book)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">R Kutner</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">429</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=basic+AND+physics&pg=2&id=EJ773923"> <span id="translatedtitle">Climate <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Numerous connections exist between climate science and topics normally covered in <span class="hlt">physics</span> and <span class="hlt">physical</span> science courses. For instance, lessons on heat and light can be used to introduce basic climate science, and the study of electric circuits provides a context for studying the relationship between electricity consumption and carbon pollution. To…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Space, William</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">430</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springer.com/education+%26+language/science+education/book/978-1-4020-1275-4?otherVersion=978-1-4020-1276-1"> <span id="translatedtitle">Teaching <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This book is intended for researchers in science teaching, teacher trainers, and teachers of <span class="hlt">physics</span>. This book seeks to narrow the gap between <span class="hlt">Physics</span> Education Research and classroom practice. Using detailed analysis of current research, it supports more effective teaching practices and gives five lesson outlines designed for student discourse.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Viennot, Laurence</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-07-09</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">431</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%22percentile+rank%22&pg=4&id=ED485517"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> IV: A City-By-City Analysis of Student Performance and Achievement Gaps on State Assessments. Results from the 2002-2003 School Year</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Council of the Great City Schools has prepared this fourth edition of "Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>" ("Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> IV") to give the nation another look at how inner-city schools are performing on the academic goals and standards set by the states for our children. This analysis examines student achievement in math and reading through spring 2003. It…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Casserly, Michael</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">432</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=CDS&pg=6&id=EJ813251"> <span id="translatedtitle">Which Better Predicts Conduct Problems? The Relationship of Trajectories of Conduct Problems with <span class="hlt">ODD</span> and ADHD Symptoms from Childhood into Adolescence</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Background: To assess the co-occurrence in deviant trajectories of parent-rated symptoms of conduct disorder (CD), oppositional defiant disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from age 4 to 18 years old in a general population sample of Dutch children. Methods: Developmental trajectories of CD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and ADHD were…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">van Lier, Pol A. C.; van der Ende, Jan; Koot, Hans M.; Verhulst, Frank C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2007-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">433</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED494177.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>: A City-by-City Analysis of Student Performance and Achievement Gaps on State Assessments. Results from the 2003-2004 School Year</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The Council of the Great City Schools has prepared this fifth edition of "Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span>" ("Beating the <span class="hlt">Odds</span> V)" to give the nation another look at how inner-city schools are performing on the academic goals and standards set by the states for our children. This analysis examines student achievement in math and reading through spring 2004. It…</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Casserly, Michael</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">434</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/biblio/5434044"> <span id="translatedtitle">Spreadsheets for <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Modern spreadsheet programs can provide a remarkable capability for quick and easy solutions to a broad range of small: and possibly large: <span class="hlt">physics</span>, engineering, and astronomy problems. This usage can go far beyond the original applications of spreadsheets as accounting aids. However, sharp instruments can cut both ways, and these programs can be dangerous to the unwary user in providing quick and pretty collections of incorrect answers. Several spreadsheet techniques are <span class="hlt">shown</span> by example; advantages and drawbacks are discussed.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dory, R.A.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1988-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">435</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=3146630"> <span id="translatedtitle">The structure of DSM-IV ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and CD criteria in adolescent boys: A hierarchical approach</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Numerous studies have examined the structure of the childhood externalizing disorder symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), Oppositional Defiant Disorder (<span class="hlt">ODD</span>), and Conduct Disorder (CD), both separately as well as simultaneously. The present study expanded on previous findings by implementing a multi-level hierarchical approach to investigating the component structure of ADHD, <span class="hlt">ODD</span>, and CD criteria in 487 14-year-old boys from the Minnesota Twin Family Study (MTFS). We found support for a hierarchical conceptualization of externalizing behavior criteria in early adolescent boys by specifying how one-, two-, three-, four-, five- and six-factor models of externalizing criteria can be integrated. These results suggest that it may be more beneficial to conceptualize different levels of this hierarchy as relevant to different issues in case conceptualization and research design, from the broad level of an overall externalizing spectrum, to the level of finer-grained subtypes within specific disorders.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Bezdjian, Serena; Krueger, Robert F.; Derringer, Jaime; Malone, Steve; McGue, Matt; Iacono, William G.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">436</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.springerlink.com/index/u68561wn25360083.pdf"> <span id="translatedtitle">Large Uniform Expansions of Periodic Solutions to Strongly Non-Linear Evolution Equations with <span class="hlt">Odd</span> Polynomial Non-Linearity</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new method of uniform expansions of periodic solutions to ordinary differential equations with arbitrary <span class="hlt">odd</span> polynomial non-linearity is constructed to study quasi-harmonic processes in non-linear dynamical systems, in particular when a small parameter of non-linearity is absent. The main idea of the method consists in using the ratio of the amplitudes of higher harmonics to the amplitude of the</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Vasyl P. Lukomsky; Ivan S. Gandzha</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">437</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/52353380"> <span id="translatedtitle">Electron spin densities in alternant hydrocarbon mononegative and mono-positive ions and in <span class="hlt">odd</span> alternant hydrocarbon radicals</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A comparison is made between MO calculations of electron spin densities in alternant hydrocarbon mono-negative and mono-positive ions and in <span class="hlt">odd</span> alternant hydrocarbon radicals. For the positive and negative ions the Hückel MO treatment leads to satisfactory results, whereas for radicals configuration interaction must be taken into account. In a preliminary communication McConnell and Chesnut (see ref [14]) also noticed</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">G. J. Hoijtink</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1958-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">438</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/4425348"> <span id="translatedtitle">VLSI Architecture for Lifting-Based Shape-Adaptive Discrete Wavelet Transform with <span class="hlt">Odd</span>-Symmetric Filters</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">Abstract. In this paper, a VLSI architecture for lifting-based shape-adaptive discrete wavelet transform (SA-DWT) with <span class="hlt">odd</span>-symmetric filters is proposed. The proposed architecture is comprised of a stage-based boundary extension strategy and the shape-adaptive boundary handling units. The former could reduce the complexity of multiplexers that are introduced to solve the shape-adaptive boundary extension. The latter consists of two multiplexers and</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Chao-tsung Huang; Po-chih Tseng; Liang-gee Chen</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2005-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">439</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/53884836"> <span id="translatedtitle">Even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> parity effects of a spin-1 Heisenberg chain on long-range interaction and entanglement</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">A strongly coupled spin chain can be used as a quantum data bus, to mediate long-range interactions and entanglement between remote qubits.By obtaining numerical solutions for finite size systems, we investigate even-<span class="hlt">odd</span> parity effects in a spin-1 chain and their consequences for long-range interactions and entanglement. We observes some similarities with a spin-1\\/2 chain [1]. For example, we find that</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Sangchul Oh; Mark Friesen; Xuedong Hu</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2011-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">440</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012NuPhA.888...23Y"> <span id="translatedtitle">QPNM calculation for the ground state magnetic moments of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass deformed nuclei: 157-167Er isotopes</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">A new microscopic method has been developed in the framework of the Quasiparticle-Phonon Nuclear Model (QPNM) in order to investigate spin polarization effects on the magnetic properties such as magnetic moment, intrinsic magnetic moment and effective gs factor of the ground state of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass 157-167Er isotopes. The calculations were performed using both Tamm-Dancoff Approximation (TDA) and Quasiparticle Random-Phase Approximation (QRPA). Reasonably good agreement has been obtained between the QRPA results and the relevant experimental data. Furthermore the variation of the intrinsic magnetic moment gK values with the mass number A exhibits similar behavior for both theoretical and experimental results. From the compression of the calculated intrinsic magnetic moment values with the experimental data the spin-spin interaction parameter has been found as ?=(30/A) MeV for <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass 157-167Er isotopes. Our results clarify the possibility of using this new method to describe the magnetic properties of <span class="hlt">odd</span>-mass deformed nuclei.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Yakut, H.; Guliyev, E.; Guner, M.; Tabar, E.; Zenginerler, Z.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2012-08-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div id="filter_results_form" class="filter_results_form floatContainer" style="visibility: visible;"> <div style="width:100%" id="PaginatedNavigation" class="paginatedNavigationElement"> <a id="FirstPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_1");' href="#" title="First Page"> <img id="FirstPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.first.18x20.png" alt="First Page" /></a> <a id="PreviousPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_21");' href="#" title="Previous Page"> <img id="PreviousPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.previous.18x20.png" alt="Previous Page" /></a> 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</span> </span> <a id="NextPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_24");' href="#" title="Next Page"> <img id="NextPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.next.18x20.png" alt="Next Page" /></a> <a id="LastPageLink" onclick='return showDiv("page_25.0");' href="#" title="Last Page"> <img id="LastPageLinkImage" class="Icon" src="http://www.science.gov/scigov/images/icon.last.18x20.png" alt="Last Page" /></a> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">441</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=2881788"> <span id="translatedtitle">The Legs at <span class="hlt">odd</span> angles (Loa) Mutation in Cytoplasmic Dynein Ameliorates Mitochondrial Function in SOD1G93A Mouse Model for Motor Neuron Disease*</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pmc">PubMed Central</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a debilitating and fatal late-onset neurodegenerative disease. Familial cases of ALS (FALS) constitute ?10% of all ALS cases, and mutant superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) is found in 15–20% of FALS. SOD1 mutations confer a toxic gain of unknown function to the protein that specifically targets the motor neurons in the cortex and the spinal cord. We have previously <span class="hlt">shown</span> that the autosomal dominant Legs at <span class="hlt">odd</span> angles (Loa) mutation in cytoplasmic dynein heavy chain (Dync1h1) delays disease onset and extends the life span of transgenic mice harboring human mutant SOD1G93A. In this study we provide evidence that despite the lack of direct interactions between mutant SOD1 and either mutant or wild-type cytoplasmic dynein, the Loa mutation confers significant reductions in the amount of mutant SOD1 protein in the mitochondrial matrix. Moreover, we show that the Loa mutation ameliorates defects in mitochondrial respiration and membrane potential observed in SOD1G93A motor neuron mitochondria. These data suggest that the Loa mutation reduces the vulnerability of mitochondria to the toxic effects of mutant SOD1, leading to improved mitochondrial function in SOD1G93A motor neurons.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">El-Kadi, Ali Morsi; Bros-Facer, Virginie; Deng, Wenhan; Philpott, Amelia; Stoddart, Eleanor; Banks, Gareth; Jackson, Graham S.; Fisher, Elizabeth M. C.; Duchen, Michael R.; Greensmith, Linda; Moore, Anthony L.; Hafezparast, Majid</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">442</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2000PhyEd..35..332H"> <span id="translatedtitle">TEACHING <span class="hlt">PHYSICS</span>: Teaching particle <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abstract_service.html">NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Particle <span class="hlt">physics</span> attracts many students who hear of news from CERN or elsewhere in the media. This article examines which current A-level syllabuses include which bits of particle <span class="hlt">physics</span> and surveys the many different types of resource available to teachers and students.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Hanley, Phil</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2000-09-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">443</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://academic.research.microsoft.com/Publication/28542276"> <span id="translatedtitle">Mechanisms linking <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity with cancer</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://academic.research.microsoft.com/">Microsoft Academic Search </a></p> <p class="result-summary">About 25% of cancer cases globally are due to excess weight and a sedentary lifestyle. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> activity may decrease risk for various cancers by several mechanisms, including decreasing sex hormones, metabolic hormones and inflammation, and improving immune function. The level of <span class="hlt">physical</span> activity might also be associated with prognosis among individuals with cancer. Randomized clinical trials have <span class="hlt">shown</span> that <span class="hlt">physical</span></p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Anne McTiernan</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2008-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">444</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://physics.dickinson.edu/~wp_web/WP_homepage.html"> <span id="translatedtitle">Workshop <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Workshop <span class="hlt">Physics</span> is an activity-based approach to teaching calculus-based introductory <span class="hlt">physics</span> in which traditional lectures are replaced by student investigation. Students do experiments in which they make predictions as well as observations and analysis; they perform guided derivations of major concepts; and they use computer tools to develop mathematical models. All the activities and materials needed for a two-semester course are available in the published books, with example materials available online. Workshop <span class="hlt">Physics</span> was developed and class-tested by Priscilla Laws of Dickinson College and coworkers.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Laws, Priscilla W.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2003-10-10</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">445</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15120149"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> urticaria.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?DB=pubmed">PubMed</a></p> <p class="result-summary"><span class="hlt">Physical</span> urticarias are a unique subgroup of chronic urticaria in which patients develop urticaria secondary to environmental stimuli. Common triggers include exercise, temperature changes, cold, heat, pressure, sunlight, vibration, and water. Systemic symptoms have occurred during severe episodes. <span class="hlt">Physical</span> urticarias are responsible for approximately 20% to 30% of all cases of chronic urticaria. A basic knowledge of these unusual disorders is important for all healthcare providers. This article covers the following types of <span class="hlt">physical</span> urticarias: dermatographism, cholinergic urticaria, local heat urticaria, exercise-induced anaphylaxis, vibratory angioedema, solar urticaria, and aquagenic urticaria. PMID:15120149</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Dice, John P</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2004-05-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">446</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=%2221%22&pg=4&id=EJ874598"> <span id="translatedtitle">Magic <span class="hlt">Physics</span>?</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This article examines several readily available "magic tricks" which base their "trickery" on <span class="hlt">physics</span> principles, and questions the use of the word "magic" in the 21st century, both in popular children's science and in everyday language. (Contains 18 figures.)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Featonby, David</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">447</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://web.monroecc.edu/spiral/"> <span id="translatedtitle">Spiral <span class="hlt">Physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Spiral <span class="hlt">Physics</span> is a research based introductory <span class="hlt">physics</span> curriculum developed at Monroe Community College. There are several important features of this curriculum. It integrates text and workbook activities in a modular fashion, and arranges topics so that students receive repeated exposure to concepts with increased complexity. It makes use of alternative problem types, including goal-less problem statements, ranking tasks, and critical analysis tasks. It restricts the equation set available for student use and is designed to facilitate active learning. Spiral <span class="hlt">Physics</span> is available for both the algebra-based and calculus-based introductory courses. Assessment of Spiral <span class="hlt">Physics</span> via the FCI, MBT, and MPEX compare favorably with the best results reported in the literature.</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">D'Alessandris, Paul</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">2010-03-24</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">448</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.osti.gov/scitech/servlets/purl/5221976"> <span id="translatedtitle">Supercollider <span class="hlt">physics</span></span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.osti.gov/scitech">SciTech Connect</a></p> <p class="result-summary">The <span class="hlt">physics</span> that can be explored with multi-TeV supercolliders is reviewed, including parton distributions, hadron jet production, the standard electroweak theory and minimal extensions to it, technicolor, supersymmetry, and compositeness. 19 refs., 11 figs. (LEW)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Quigg, C.</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1985-03-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result odd" lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">449</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://eric.ed.gov/?q=electric+AND+vehicle&pg=3&id=EJ505625"> <span id="translatedtitle">Contest <span class="hlt">Physics</span>.</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://www.eric.ed.gov/ERICWebPortal/search/extended.jsp?_pageLabel=advanced">ERIC Educational Resources Information Center</a></p> <p class="result-summary">Discusses the use of contests to keep <span class="hlt">physics</span> interesting and exciting for the students. Includes: balloon car, egg drop, tennis ball catapult, bridge building, mousetrap vehicle, musical instrument, slide photo, electric junk dissection, windmill generator, and solar heater. (MVL)</p> <div class="credits"> <p class="dwt_author">Moehnke, Randy</p> <p class="dwt_publisher"></p> <p class="publishDate">1994-01-01</p> </div> </div> </div> </div> <div class="floatContainer result " lang="en"> <div class="resultNumber element">450</div> <div class="resultBody element"> <p class="result-title"><a target="resultTitleLink" href="http://science.gov/scigov/link.html?type=RESULT&redirectUrl=http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/index.pl"> <span id="translatedtitle"><span class="hlt">Physics</span> 2000</span></a>  </p> <div class="result-meta"> <p class="source"><a target="_blank" id="logoLink" href="http://nsdl.org/nsdl_dds/services/ddsws1-1/service_explorer.jsp">NSDL National Science Digital Library</a></p> <p class="result-summary">This web site