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1

A facile route to synthesize nanogels doped with silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

In this work, we describe a simple method to prepare hybrid nanogels consisting of a biocompatible core-shell polymer host containing silver nanoparticles. First, the nanogels (NG, ~160 nm) containing a lysozyme rich core and a dextran rich shell, are prepared via Maillard and heat-gelation reactions. Second, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs, ~5nm) are synthesized in situ in the NG solution without requiring additional reducing agents. This approach leads to stable Ag NPs located in the NG. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the amount of Ag NPs in the NG can be tuned by varying silver precursor concentration. Hybrid nanogels with silver nanoparticles have potential in antimicrobial, optical and therapeutic applications.

Ferrer, M. Carme Coll; Ferrier, Robert C.; Eckmann, David M.; Composto, Russell J.

2012-01-01

2

Catalytically and biologically active silver nanoparticles synthesized using essential oil.  

PubMed

There are numerous reports on phytosynthesis of silver nanoparticles and various phytochemicals are involved in the reduction and stabilization. Pure explicit phytosynthetic protocol for catalytically and biologically active silver nanoparticles is of importance as it is an environmentally benign green method. This paper reports the use of essential oil of Myristica fragrans enriched in terpenes and phenyl propenes in the reduction and stabilization. FTIR spectra of the essential oil and the synthesized biogenic silver nanoparticles are in accordance with the GC-MS spectral analysis reports. Nanosilver is initially characterized by an intense SPR band around 420nm, followed by XRD and TEM analysis revealing the formation of 12-26nm sized, highly pure, crystalline silver nanoparticles. Excellent catalytic and bioactive potential of the silver nanoparticles is due to the surface modification. The chemocatalytic potential of nanosilver is exhibited by the rapid reduction of the organic pollutant, para nitro phenol and by the degradation of the thiazine dye, methylene blue. Significant antibacterial activity of the silver colloid against Gram positive, Staphylococcus aureus (inhibition zone - 12mm) and Gram negative, Escherichia coli (inhibition zone - 14mm) is demonstrated by Agar-well diffusion method. Strong antioxidant activity of the biogenic silver nanoparticles is depicted through NO scavenging, hydrogen peroxide scavenging, reducing power, DPPH and total antioxidant activity assays. PMID:24956490

Vilas, Vidya; Philip, Daizy; Mathew, Joseph

2014-11-11

3

Antibacterial Nanofinishing of Cotton Fabrics Using Silver Nanoparticles via Simultaneous Synthesizing and Coating Process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This study describes the nanofinishing of cotton fabric using silver nanoparticles synthesized simultaneously in the presence of such a simple reducing agent. The silver nanoparticles are analyzed by scanning electron microscope image, which disclosed the attendance of silver nanoparticles on cotton fibers. The coated fabrics show antibacterial activity, which could render them of value in applications. Antibacterial tests against Staphylococcus

A. Shams Nateri; A. Oroumei; S. Dadvar; A. Fallah-Shojaie; Gh. Khayati; O. Emamgholipur

2011-01-01

4

A simple method to synthesize triangular silver nanoparticles by light irradiation  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a simple method to synthesize triangular silver nanoparticles by photoreducing the silver ions by citrate. A noteworthy difference of the present method as compared with the previous photo-induced methods is that good shape control over the nanoparticles can be realized in the absence of soft templates or polymer directing agents. The formation process of the silver nanoparticles was

Huiying Jia; Weiqing Xu; Jing An; Dongmei Li; Bing Zhao

2006-01-01

5

Transformation of aromatic dyes using green synthesized silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Nowadays, increasing use of nanoproducts in area of human and environmental applications raises concern about safety aspects of nanoparticles synthesized using traditional physicochemical methods. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesis at ambient parameters using latex of medicinally important plant Jatropha gossypifolia (J. gossypifolia) is reported in the present study. Potential of AgNPs in degradation of methylene blue and eosin B was also evaluated. Rapid formation of stable AgNPs was analyzed by visual color change from colorless to yellow-red after addition of latex in AgNO3 solution and by characteristic surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak at 430 nm in UV-Vis spectroscopy. FT-IR analysis, protein coagulation test showed capping of proteins, flavonoids, terpenoids and polyphenols of latex on surface of AgNPs. FE-SEM, HR-TEM analysis revealed spherical shape of AgNPs. Narrow size range of AgNPs (5-40 nm) observed in HR-TEM analysis. EDS analysis confirms the presence of elemental silver while XRD revealed crystalline nature of AgNPs. Zeta potential of -21.4 mV indicates high stability of AgNPs. Effects of different parameters (pH, temperature, incubation time) on nanosynthesis were studied in the present study. Dye reduction studies were performed using UV-Vis spectroscopy, TLC, FT-IR and HPLC analysis showing decreased absorbance maxima of both dyes with respect to time, change in R f values, changes in wave number, transmittance, and retention time of dyes after AgNPs addition. The rate constant for methylene blue and eosin B reduction by AgNPs was found to be 0.062 and 0.022 min(-1). PMID:24525834

Borase, Hemant P; Patil, Chandrashekhar D; Salunkhe, Rahul B; Suryawanshi, Rahul K; Salunke, Bipinchandra K; Patil, Satish V

2014-08-01

6

Syntheses and characterisation of silver nanoparticles in the acrylate copolymers  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles were synthesised by polyol method using copolymer templates under microwave heating. The copolymer templates were synthesised by reacting the synthesised macromonomers with comonomer using free radical polymerisation. The copolymers were characterised by Fourier Transform InfraRed, H-NMR and C-NMR. The copolymers were further characterised by gel permeation chromatography for molecular weights and thermogravimetric analysis for thermal stability. These copolymers

S. Usha Rani; K. Jeeva Pandian; Boreddy S. R. Reddy

2009-01-01

7

Spectroscopic, microscopic and catalytic properties of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Saraca indica flower  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The bioprospective field is dynamic area of research in the recent years. The present article reports a green synthetic route for the production of highly stable, bio-inspired silver nanoparticles using dried Saraca indica flower. The method is facile, cost effective, simple and reproducible. The reduction of silver ions and the formation of silver nanoparticles has been monitored using UV-visible spectroscopy. The TEM, SAED and XRD result reveal that the silver nanoparticles are crystalline in nature. FTIR spectra are used to identify the biomolecules that bind on the surface of silver nanoparticles, which increased the stability of the particles. S. indica flower extract plays its role as an excellent reducing agent of silver ions and the biosynthesized silver nanoparticles are safer to environment. Also the size dependent catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles in the reduction of cationic dye, Methylene blue by NaBH4 is studied by UV-visible spectroscopy. The efficiency of synthesized nanoparticles as an excellent catalyst is proved by the reduction of Methylene blue which is confirmed by the decrease in the absorbance with time and is attributed to electron relay effect.

Vidhu, V. K.; Philip, Daizy

2014-01-01

8

Size-Controlled and Optical Properties of Monodispersed Silver Nanoparticles Synthesized by the Radiolytic Reduction Method  

PubMed Central

Size-controlled and monodispersed silver nanoparticles were synthesized from an aqueous solution containing silver nitrate as a metal precursor, polyvinyl alcohol as a capping agent, isopropyl alcohol as hydrogen and hydroxyl radical scavengers, and deionized water as a solvent with a simple radiolytic method. The average particle size decreased with an increase in dose due to the domination of nucleation over ion association in the formation of the nanoparticles by gamma reduction. The silver nanoparticles exhibit a very sharp and strong absorption spectrum with the absorption maximum ?max blue shifting with an increased dose, owing to a decrease in particle size. The absorption spectra of silver nanoparticles of various particle sizes were also calculated using a quantum physics treatment and an agreement was obtained with the experimental absorption data. The results suggest that the absorption spectrum of silver nanoparticles possibly derived from the intra-band excitations of conduction electrons from the lowest energy state (n = 5, l = 0) to higher energy states (n ? 6; ?l = 0, ±1; ?s = 0, ±1), allowed by the quantum numbers principle. This demonstrates that the absorption phenomenon of metal nanoparticles based on a quantum physics description could be exploited to be added into the fundamentals of metal nanoparticles and the related fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology.

Saion, Elias; Gharibshahi, Elham; Naghavi, Kazem

2013-01-01

9

Efficacy of plant-mediated synthesized silver nanoparticles against hematophagous parasites  

Microsoft Academic Search

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the acaricidal and larvicidal activity against the larvae of Haemaphysalis bispinosa Neumann (Acarina: Ixodidae) and larvae of hematophagous fly Hippobosca maculata Leach (Diptera: Hippoboscidae) and against the fourth-instar larvae of malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi Liston, Japanese encephalitis vector, Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles (Diptera: Culicidae) of synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) utilizing aqueous leaf

Chidambaram Jayaseelan; Abdul Abdul Rahuman; Govindasamy Rajakumar; Thirunavukkarasu Santhoshkumar; Arivarasan Vishnu Kirthi; Sampath Marimuthu; Asokan Bagavan; Chinnaperumal Kamaraj; Abdul Abduz Zahir; Gandhi Elango; Kanayairam Velayutham; Kokati Venkata Bhaskara Rao; Loganathan Karthik; Sankariah Raveendran

10

Spectroscopic studies of interaction between biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles and bovine serum albumin.  

PubMed

Binding interaction of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles with bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been investigated by UV-Vis and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. UV-Vis analysis implies the formation of the ground state complex between BSA and silver nanoparticles. The analysis of fluorescence spectrum and fluorescence intensity indicates that silver nanoparticles (SNP) have a strong ability to quench the intrinsic fluorescence of BSA by dynamic quenching mechanisms. The number of binding sites 'n' and binding constants 'K' were determined at different temperatures based on fluorescence quenching. The thermodynamic parameters namely deltaH, deltaG, and deltaS were calculated at different temperatures (20, 30, and 40 degrees C) and the results indicate that both hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions were predominantly present in the SNP-BSA complex. Negative deltaG values imply that the binding process is spontaneous. PMID:24757960

Roy, Swarup; Das, Tapan Kumar

2014-07-01

11

Antimicrobial activity and physical characterization of silver nanoparticles green synthesized using nitrate reductase from Fusarium oxysporum.  

PubMed

Nanostructures from natural sources have received major attention due to wide array of biological activities and less toxicity for humans, animals, and the environment. In the present study, silver nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using a fungal nitrate reductase, and their biological activity was assessed against human pathogenic fungi and bacteria. The enzyme was isolated from Fusarium oxysporum IRAN 31C after culturing on malt extract-glucose-yeast extract-peptone (MGYP) medium. The enzyme was purified by a combination of ultrafiltration and ion exchange chromatography on DEAE Sephadex and its molecular weight was estimated by gel filtration on Sephacryl S-300. The purified enzyme had a maximum yield of 50.84 % with a final purification of 70 folds. With a molecular weight of 214 KDa, it is composed of three subunits of 125, 60, and 25 KDa. The purified enzyme was successfully used for synthesis of silver nanoparticles in a way dependent upon NADPH using gelatin as a capping agent. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, dynamic light scattering spectroscopy, and transmission and scanning electron microscopy. These stable nonaggregating nanoparticles were spherical in shape with an average size of 50 nm and a zeta potential of -34.3. Evaluation of the antimicrobial effects of synthesized nanoparticles by disk diffusion method showed strong growth inhibitory activity against all tested human pathogenic fungi and bacteria as evident from inhibition zones that ranged from 14 to 25 mm. Successful green synthesis of biologically active silver nanoparticles by a nitrate reductase from F. oxysporum in the present work not only reduces laborious downstream steps such as purification of nanoparticle from interfering cellular components, but also provides a constant source of safe biologically-active nanomaterials with potential application in agriculture and medicine. PMID:24610039

Gholami-Shabani, Mohammadhassan; Akbarzadeh, Azim; Norouzian, Dariush; Amini, Abdolhossein; Gholami-Shabani, Zeynab; Imani, Afshin; Chiani, Mohsen; Riazi, Gholamhossein; Shams-Ghahfarokhi, Masoomeh; Razzaghi-Abyaneh, Mehdi

2014-04-01

12

Potential theranostics application of bio-synthesized silver nanoparticles (4-in-1 system).  

PubMed

In this report, we have designed a simple and efficient green chemistry approach for the synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles (b-AgNPs) that is formed by the reduction of silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution using Olax scandens leaf extract. The colloidal b-AgNPs, characterized by various physico-chemical techniques exhibit multifunctional biological activities (4-in-1 system). Firstly, bio-synthesized silver nanoparticles (b-AgNPs) shows enhanced antibacterial activity compared to chemically synthesize silver nanoparticles (c-AgNPs). Secondly, b-AgNPs show anti-cancer activities to different cancer cells (A549: human lung cancer cell lines, B16: mouse melanoma cell line & MCF7: human breast cancer cells) (anti-cancer). Thirdly, these nanoparticles are biocompatible to rat cardiomyoblast normal cell line (H9C2), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) which indicates the future application of b-AgNPs as drug delivery vehicle. Finally, the bio-synthesized AgNPs show bright red fluorescence inside the cells that could be utilized to detect the localization of drug molecules inside the cancer cells (a diagnostic approach). All results together demonstrate the multifunctional biological activities of bio-synthesized AgNPs (4-in-1 system) that could be applied as (i) anti-bacterial & (ii) anti-cancer agent, (iii) drug delivery vehicle, and (iv) imaging facilitator. To the best of our knowledge, there is not a single report of biosynthesized AgNPs that demonstrates the versatile applications (4-in-1 system) towards various biomedical applications. Additionally, a plausible mechanistic approach has been explored for the synthesis of b-AgNPs and its anti-bacterial as well as anti-cancer activity. We strongly believe that bio-synthesized AgNPs will open a new direction towards various biomedical applications in near future. PMID:24505239

Mukherjee, Sudip; Chowdhury, Debabrata; Kotcherlakota, Rajesh; Patra, Sujata; Vinothkumar, B; Bhadra, Manika Pal; Sreedhar, Bojja; Patra, Chitta Ranjan

2014-01-01

13

Potential Theranostics Application of Bio-Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles (4-in-1 System)  

PubMed Central

In this report, we have designed a simple and efficient green chemistry approach for the synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles (b-AgNPs) that is formed by the reduction of silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution using Olax scandens leaf extract. The colloidal b-AgNPs, characterized by various physico-chemical techniques exhibit multifunctional biological activities (4-in-1 system). Firstly, bio-synthesized silver nanoparticles (b-AgNPs) shows enhanced antibacterial activity compared to chemically synthesize silver nanoparticles (c-AgNPs). Secondly, b-AgNPs show anti-cancer activities to different cancer cells (A549: human lung cancer cell lines, B16: mouse melanoma cell line & MCF7: human breast cancer cells) (anti-cancer). Thirdly, these nanoparticles are biocompatible to rat cardiomyoblast normal cell line (H9C2), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) and Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO) which indicates the future application of b-AgNPs as drug delivery vehicle. Finally, the bio-synthesized AgNPs show bright red fluorescence inside the cells that could be utilized to detect the localization of drug molecules inside the cancer cells (a diagnostic approach). All results together demonstrate the multifunctional biological activities of bio-synthesized AgNPs (4-in-1 system) that could be applied as (i) anti-bacterial & (ii) anti-cancer agent, (iii) drug delivery vehicle, and (iv) imaging facilitator. To the best of our knowledge, there is not a single report of biosynthesized AgNPs that demonstrates the versatile applications (4-in-1 system) towards various biomedical applications. Additionally, a plausible mechanistic approach has been explored for the synthesis of b-AgNPs and its anti-bacterial as well as anti-cancer activity. We strongly believe that bio-synthesized AgNPs will open a new direction towards various biomedical applications in near future.

Mukherjee, Sudip; Chowdhury, Debabrata; Kotcherlakota, Rajesh; Patra, Sujata; B, Vinothkumar; Bhadra, Manika Pal; Sreedhar, Bojja; Patra, Chitta Ranjan

2014-01-01

14

Mycosynthesis: antibacterial, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Inonotus obliquus (Chaga mushroom) extract.  

PubMed

In the present study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were rapidly synthesized from silver nitrate solution at room temperature using Inonotus obliquus extract. The mycogenic synthesized AgNPs were characterized by UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). SEM revealed mostly spherical nanoparticles ranging from 14.7 to 35.2nm in size. All AgNPs concentrations showed good ABT radical scavenging activity. Further, AgNPs showed effective antibacterial activity against both gram negative and gram positive bacteria and antiproliferative activity toward A549 human lung cancer (CCL-185) and MCF-7 human breast cancer (HTB-22) cell lines. The samples demonstrated considerably high antibacterial, and antiproliferative activities against bacterial strains and cell lines. PMID:24380885

Nagajyothi, P C; Sreekanth, T V M; Lee, Jae-il; Lee, Kap Duk

2014-01-01

15

Bactericidal effect of poly(acrylamide/itaconic acid)-silver nanoparticles synthesized by gamma irradiation against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  

PubMed

Antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles is gaining importance due its broad spectrum of targets in cell compared to conventional antimicrobial agents. In this context, silver nanoparticles were synthesized by gamma irradiation-induced reduction method of acrylamide and itaconic acid with irradiation dose up to 70 kGy. Silver nanoparticles were examined by Fourier-transform infrared, scanning electron microscopic images (SEM), and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer. The particle size was determined by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and dynamic light scattering. The antibacterial effect was studied by disk diffusion method against some bacterial pathogenic strains. Silver nanoparticles showed promising activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and slightly active against Escherichia coli, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and Klebsiella pneumonia. The bactericidal effect of silver nanoparticles was tested against P. aeruginosa. The killing rate of P. aeruginosa was found to be 90 % of viability at (100 ?l/ml) of silver nanoparticles. Exposure of P. aeruginosa cells to silver nanoparticles caused fast loss of 260 nm absorbing materials and release of potassium ions. The TEM and SEM observation showed that silver nanoparticles may destroy the structure of bacterial cell membrane in order to enter the bacterial cell resulting in the leakage of the cytoplasmic component and the eventual death. PMID:23857355

Eid, M; Araby, E

2013-09-01

16

The green synthesis, characterization and evaluation of the biological activities of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Iresine herbstii leaf aqueous extracts.  

PubMed

Silver has been used since time immemorial in different chemical form to treat burns, wounds and several infections caused by pathogenic bacteria. Advancement of biological process of nanoparticles synthesis is evolving into a key area of nanotechnology. The current study deals with the synthesis, characterization of silver nanoparticles using Iresine herbstii and evaluation of their antibacterial, antioxidant and cytotoxic activity. The reaction mixture turned to brownish gray color after 7 days of incubation and exhibits an absorbance peak around 460 nm characteristic of Ag nanoparticle. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and EDX analysis showed silver nanoparticles were pure and polydispersed and the size were ranging from 44 to 64 nm. X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies revealed that most of the nanoparticles were cubic and face centered cubic in shape. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) showed nanoparticles were capped with plant compounds. Biosynthesized silver nanoparticles showed potent antibacterial activity against human pathogenic bacteria. Phytosynthesized nanoparticles exhibited strong antioxidant activity as well as cytotoxicity against HeLa cervical cell lines. The approach of green synthesis seems to be cost efficient, eco-friendly and easy alternative to conventional methods of silver nanoparticles synthesis. The powerful bioactivity demonstrated by the synthesized silver nanoparticles leads towards the clinical use as antibacterial, antioxidant as well as cytotoxic agent. PMID:22705935

Dipankar, C; Murugan, S

2012-10-01

17

Antimicrobial activity of hemocompatible silver doped hydroxyapatite nanoparticles synthesized by modified sol-gel technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver doped hydroxyapatite (Ag x Ca100-x (PO4)6 (OH)2) nanorods were synthesized using a modified sol gel method at a low temperature of 100 °C. Silver concentration was varied as x = 1, 3 and 5. X-ray diffraction studies showed that the synthesized silver doped hydroxyapatite (Ag-HAp) was fully crystalline with hexagonal structure and an average crystallite size of 25 nm. At all the doping concentrations, the nanoparticles were rod shaped with an average length of 110-180 nm and diameter of 20-25 nm as determined from transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies. These compounds were tested for their antimicrobial activities against E. coli (MTCC 2345) and S. aureus (MTCC 737). Antimicrobial activity was observed for all the three silver doping concentrations with the highest activity for x = 3, in terms of the zone of inhibition and the percentage reduction in the number of colonies. Hemolysis ratios for x = 1 and 3 Ag-HAp samples were below 2 %, indicating that they are highly hemocompatible and can be a promising biomaterial for tissue engineering applications in orthopedics.

Jadalannagari, Sushma; Deshmukh, Ketaki; Ramanan, Sutapa Roy; Kowshik, Meenal

2013-02-01

18

Nano-biocomposite films with modified cellulose nanocrystals and synthesized silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Ternary nano-biocomposite films based on poly(lactic acid) (PLA) with modified cellulose nanocrystals (s-CNC) and synthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag) have been prepared and characterized. The functionalization of the CNC surface with an acid phosphate ester of ethoxylated nonylphenol favoured its dispersion in the PLA matrix. The positive effects of the addition of cellulose and silver on the PLA barrier properties were confirmed by reductions in the water permeability (WVP) and oxygen transmission rate (OTR) of the films tested. The migration level of all nano-biocomposites in contact with food simulants were below the permitted limits in both non-polar and polar simulants. PLA nano-biocomposites showed a significant antibacterial activity influenced by the Ag content, while composting tests showed that the materials were visibly disintegrated after 15 days with the ternary systems showing the highest rate of disintegration under composting conditions. PMID:24299883

Fortunati, E; Rinaldi, S; Peltzer, M; Bloise, N; Visai, L; Armentano, I; Jiménez, A; Latterini, L; Kenny, J M

2014-01-30

19

Microalgae associated Brevundimonas sp. MSK 4 as the nano particle synthesizing unit to produce antimicrobial silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles and its antimicrobial property was studied using bacteria isolated from Spirulina products. Isolated bacteria were identified as Bacillus sp. MSK 1 (JX495945), Staphylococcus sp. MSK 2 (JX495946), Bacillus sp. MSK 3 (JX495947) and Brevundimonas sp. MSK 4 (JX495948). Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using bacterial culture filtrate with AgNO3. The initial syntheses of Ag nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer (by measuring the color change to intense brown). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) study showed evidence that proteins are possible reducing agents and Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) study showing the metal silver as major signal. The structure of AgNPs was determined by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Synthesized Ag nanoparticles with an average size of 40-65 nm have antimicrobial property against human pathogens like Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholera, Streptococcus sp., Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. Among the isolates Brevundimonas sp. MSK 4 alone showed good activity in both synthesis of AgNPs and antimicrobial activity. This work demonstrates the possible use of biological synthesized silver nanoparticles to combat the drug resistant problem.

Rajamanickam, Karthic; Sudha, S. S.; Francis, Mebin; Sowmya, T.; Rengaramanujam, J.; Sivalingam, Periyasamy; Prabakar, Kandasamy

2013-09-01

20

Microalgae associated Brevundimonas sp. MSK 4 as the nano particle synthesizing unit to produce antimicrobial silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles and its antimicrobial property was studied using bacteria isolated from Spirulina products. Isolated bacteria were identified as Bacillus sp. MSK 1 (JX495945), Staphylococcus sp. MSK 2 (JX495946), Bacillus sp. MSK 3 (JX495947) and Brevundimonas sp. MSK 4 (JX495948). Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using bacterial culture filtrate with AgNO3. The initial syntheses of Ag nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectrophotometer (by measuring the color change to intense brown). Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) study showed evidence that proteins are possible reducing agents and Energy-dispersive X-ray (EDX) study showing the metal silver as major signal. The structure of AgNPs was determined by Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Synthesized Ag nanoparticles with an average size of 40-65 nm have antimicrobial property against human pathogens like Proteus vulgaris, Salmonella typhi, Vibrio cholera, Streptococcus sp., Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, and Escherichia coli. Among the isolates Brevundimonas sp. MSK 4 alone showed good activity in both synthesis of AgNPs and antimicrobial activity. This work demonstrates the possible use of biological synthesized silver nanoparticles to combat the drug resistant problem. PMID:23711394

Rajamanickam, Karthic; Sudha, S S; Francis, Mebin; Sowmya, T; Rengaramanujam, J; Sivalingam, Periyasamy; Prabakar, Kandasamy

2013-09-01

21

Photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye using silver (Ag) nanoparticles synthesized from Ulva lactuca.  

PubMed

In this paper, we report on biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Ulva lactuca (seaweed) at room temperature along with photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange dye. UV spectral analysis showed peak at 430 nm with special reference to the excitation of surfaces plasmon vibration by silver nanoparticles. FT-IR studies reveal the presence of bioactive functional groups such as phenolic compounds, amines and aromatic ring are found to be the capping and stabilizing agents of nanoparticles. The morphology of silver nanoparticles was found to be spherical and ranges about 48.59 nm as confirmed by HR-SEM. Negative zeta potential value of -34 mV suggests that the nanoparticles are highly stable in colloidal solution. XRD patterns also suggest the occurrence of spherical shaped particles due to the presence of silver ions. Further, photocatalytic degradation of methyl orange was measured spectrophotometrically by using silver as nanocatalyst under visible light illumination. The results revealed that biosynthesized silver nanoparticles using U. lactuca was found to be impressive in degrading methyl orange. PMID:23266074

Kumar, P; Govindaraju, M; Senthamilselvi, S; Premkumar, K

2013-03-01

22

Study on antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized by gamma irradiation method using different stabilizers  

PubMed Central

Colloidal solutions of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by gamma Co-60 irradiation using different stabilizers, namely polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), alginate, and sericin. The particle size measured from TEM images was 4.3, 6.1, 7.6, and 10.2 nm for AgNPs/PVP, AgNPs/PVA, AgNPs/alginate, and AgNPs/sericin, respectively. The influence of different stabilizers on the antibacterial activity of AgNPs was investigated. Results showed that AgNPs/alginate exhibited the highest antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) among the as-synthesized AgNPs. Handwash solution has been prepared using Na lauryl sulfate as surfactant, hydroxyethyl cellulose as binder, and 15 mg/L of AgNPs/alginate as antimicrobial agent. The obtained results on the antibacterial test of handwash for the dilution to 3 mg AgNPs/L showed that the antibacterial efficiency against E. coli was of 74.6%, 89.8%, and 99.0% for the contacted time of 1, 3, and 5 min, respectively. Thus, due to the biocompatibility of alginate extracted from seaweed and highly antimicrobial activity of AgNPs synthesized by gamma Co-60 irradiation, AgNPs/alginate is promising to use as an antimicrobial agent in biomedicine, cosmetic, and in other fields.

2014-01-01

23

Study on antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized by gamma irradiation method using different stabilizers.  

PubMed

Colloidal solutions of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by gamma Co-60 irradiation using different stabilizers, namely polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), alginate, and sericin. The particle size measured from TEM images was 4.3, 6.1, 7.6, and 10.2 nm for AgNPs/PVP, AgNPs/PVA, AgNPs/alginate, and AgNPs/sericin, respectively. The influence of different stabilizers on the antibacterial activity of AgNPs was investigated. Results showed that AgNPs/alginate exhibited the highest antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli (E. coli) among the as-synthesized AgNPs. Handwash solution has been prepared using Na lauryl sulfate as surfactant, hydroxyethyl cellulose as binder, and 15 mg/L of AgNPs/alginate as antimicrobial agent. The obtained results on the antibacterial test of handwash for the dilution to 3 mg AgNPs/L showed that the antibacterial efficiency against E. coli was of 74.6%, 89.8%, and 99.0% for the contacted time of 1, 3, and 5 min, respectively. Thus, due to the biocompatibility of alginate extracted from seaweed and highly antimicrobial activity of AgNPs synthesized by gamma Co-60 irradiation, AgNPs/alginate is promising to use as an antimicrobial agent in biomedicine, cosmetic, and in other fields. PMID:24708872

Van Phu, Dang; Quoc, Le Anh; Duy, Nguyen Ngoc; Lan, Nguyen Thi Kim; Du, Bui Duy; Luan, Le Quang; Hien, Nguyen Quoc

2014-01-01

24

Study on antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized by gamma irradiation method using different stabilizers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Colloidal solutions of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by gamma Co-60 irradiation using different stabilizers, namely polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP), polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), alginate, and sericin. The particle size measured from TEM images was 4.3, 6.1, 7.6, and 10.2 nm for AgNPs/PVP, AgNPs/PVA, AgNPs/alginate, and AgNPs/sericin, respectively. The influence of different stabilizers on the antibacterial activity of AgNPs was investigated. Results showed that AgNPs/alginate exhibited the highest antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli ( E. coli) among the as-synthesized AgNPs. Handwash solution has been prepared using Na lauryl sulfate as surfactant, hydroxyethyl cellulose as binder, and 15 mg/L of AgNPs/alginate as antimicrobial agent. The obtained results on the antibacterial test of handwash for the dilution to 3 mg AgNPs/L showed that the antibacterial efficiency against E. coli was of 74.6%, 89.8%, and 99.0% for the contacted time of 1, 3, and 5 min, respectively. Thus, due to the biocompatibility of alginate extracted from seaweed and highly antimicrobial activity of AgNPs synthesized by gamma Co-60 irradiation, AgNPs/alginate is promising to use as an antimicrobial agent in biomedicine, cosmetic, and in other fields.

Van Phu, Dang; Quoc, Le Anh; Duy, Nguyen Ngoc; Lan, Nguyen Thi Kim; Du, Bui Duy; Luan, Le Quang; Hien, Nguyen Quoc

2014-04-01

25

Antibiofilm properties of chemically synthesized silver nanoparticles found against Pseudomonas aeruginosa.  

PubMed

Nanomedicine is now being introduced as a recent trend in the field of medicine. It has been documented that metal nanoparticles have antimicrobial effects for bacteria, fungi and viruses. Recent advances in technology has revived the use of silver nanoparticles in the medical field; treatment, diagnosis, monitoring and control of disease. It has been used since ancient times for treating wide range of illnesses. Bacterial cells adheres to surfaces and develop structures known as biofilms. These structures are natural survival strategy of the bacteria to invade the host. They are more tolerant to commonly used antimicrobial agents, thus being more difficult to be controlled. This leads to increase in severity of infection. In this study, we have investigated the effect of silver nanoparticles in the formation of biofilm in multidrug resistant strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Observation showed that biofilm formation occurred at bacterial concentration of 10(6) cfu/ml for the sensitive strain of P. aeruginosa while in the resistant strain, the biofilm was evident at bacterial concentration of about 10(3) cfu/ml. The biofilm were then tested against various concentrations of silver nanoparticles to determine the inhibitory effect of the silver nanoparticles. In the sensitive strain, 20 ?g/ml of silver nanoparticles inhibited the growth optimally at bacterial concentration of 10(4) cfu/ml with an inhibition rate of 67%. Similarly, silver nanoparticles inhibited the formation of biofilm in the resistant strain at an optimal bacterial concentration of 10(5) cfu/ml with an inhibition rate of 56%. Thus, silver nanoparticles could be used as a potential alternative therapy to reduce severity of disease due to P. aeruginosa infections. PMID:24422704

Palanisamy, Navindra Kumari; Ferina, Nas; Amirulhusni, Athirah Nur; Mohd-Zain, Zaini; Hussaini, Jamal; Ping, Liew Jian; Durairaj, Rajkumar

2014-01-01

26

Larvicidal potential of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Leucas aspera leaf extracts against dengue vector Aedes aegypti.  

PubMed

Vector-borne diseases caused by mosquitoes are one of the major economic and health problems in many countries. The Aedes aegypti mosquito is a vector of several diseases in humans like yellow fever and dengue. Vector control methods involving the use of chemical insecticides are becoming less effective due to development of insecticides resistance, biological magnification of toxic substances through the food chain, and adverse effects on environmental quality and non-target organisms including human health. Application of active toxic agents from plant extracts as an alternative mosquito control strategy was available from ancient times. These are nontoxic, easily available at affordable prices, biodegradable, and show broad-spectrum target-specific activities against different species of vector mosquitoes. Today, nanotechnology is a promising research domain which has wide-ranging application vector control programs. The present study investigates the larvicidal potential of solvent leaf extracts of Leucas aspera and synthesized silver nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract against fourth instar larvae of Aedes aegypti. Larvae were exposed to varying concentrations of plant extracts and synthesized AgNPs for 24 h. The results were recorded from UV-Vis spectra, x-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and were used to characterize and support the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. The formation of the AgNPs synthesized from the XRD spectrum compared with Bragg reflections can be indexed to the (111) orientations, respectively, confirmed the presence of AgNPs. The FT-IR spectra of AgNPs exhibited prominent peaks at 3,447.77; 2,923.30; and 1,618.66 cm(-1). The spectra showed sharp and strong absorption band at 1,618.66 cm(-1) assigned to the stretching vibration of (NH) C?O group. The band 1,383 developed for C?C and C?N stretching, respectively, and was commonly found in the proteins. SEM analysis of the synthesized AgNPs clearly showed the clustered and irregular shapes, mostly aggregated, and having the size of 25-80 nm. Energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy showed the complete chemical composition of the synthesized AgNPs. In larvicidal activity, the results showed that the maximum efficacy was observed in synthesized AgNPs leaf extracts against the fourth instar larvae of A. aegypti (LC50 values of 8.5632, 10.0361, 14.4689, 13.4579, 17.4108, and 27.4936 mg/l) and (LC90 values of 21.5685, 93.03928, 39.6485, 42.2029, 31.3009, and 53.2576 mg/l), respectively. These results suggest that the synthesized AgNPs leaf extracts have a higher larvicidal potential as compared to crude solvent extracts thus making them an effective combination for controlling A. aegypti. PMID:24553980

Suganya, Ganesan; Karthi, Sengodan; Shivakumar, Muthugounder S

2014-05-01

27

pH effect on the aggregation of silver nanoparticles synthesized by chemical reduction  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver colloidal nanoparticles were prepared according to the chemical reduction method in which the ascorbic acid was used as a reducing agent and sodium citrate as a stabilizing agent. The absorption spectra of all prepared samples obtained using the UV-Vis spectrophotometer showed a surface plasmon peak at a wavelength of about 420 nm. The size of the silver nanoparticles was controlled by changing the pH values of the reaction system. At high pH, smaller size silver nanoparticles were obtained compared to low pH values. This difference can be attributed to the difference in the reduction rate of the precursor. In addition to the inverse proportionality between the size and the pH value it is clear that increasing the pH value enables us to obtain spherical nanoparticles while at low pH, rods and triangular particle shapes were formed. Poor balance between nucleation and growth processes could be the cause of this result.

Alqadi, M. K.; Abo Noqtah, O. A.; Alzoubi, F. Y.; Alzouby, J.; Aljarrah, K.

2014-01-01

28

Green synthesized silver nanoparticles for selective colorimetric sensing of Hg2+ in aqueous solution at wide pH range.  

PubMed

In the present study, the syntheses of crystalline silver and gold nanoparticles (NPs) has been demonstrated in a green and environmentally friendly approach using citrus fruit extracts (lemon, Citrus limon (Cl-1) and sweet orange, Citrus limetta (Cl-2)). In addition, potentially hazardous metal ion sensing properties of these NPs in aqueous solution has been explored. Cl-1 and Cl-2 that predominantly contained citric and ascorbic acid, exhibited different reducing abilities towards silver and gold ions into NPs. Cl-1 reduces silver ions into AgNPs only in the presence of sunlight whereas AuNPs from gold ions were formed without exposure to sunlight. In contrast, Cl-2 converts both silver and gold ions into the corresponding NPs in the absence of sunlight. The colorimetric sensor studies of these green synthesized AgNPs (Cl-1-AgNPs) showed selective sensing of the potentially hazardous Hg(2+) ion in water at micromolar concentrations. More importantly, green synthesized Cl-1-AgNPs sensor systems detected Hg(2+) ions in water in a wide pH range (3.2 to 8.5). PMID:23741735

Ravi, Selvan Sukanya; Christena, Lawrence Rene; SaiSubramanian, Nagarajan; Anthony, Savarimuthu Philip

2013-08-01

29

Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Fungus-mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles is reported. The nanosilver was formed in contact with the cell-free filtrate of Penicillium strain studied. The nanoparticles were characterized by means of the UV-Vis spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The synthesized nanosilver showed a absorbed maximum at 425 nm in the visible region. The SEM characterization of the fungus cells treated with silver nitrite indicated that the protein might be responsible for the reduction of silver ions. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) micrograph showed formation of silver nanoparticles in the range of 10-100 nm.

Maliszewska, I.; Szewczyk, K.; Waszak, K.

2009-01-01

30

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by electron irradiation of silver acetate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel and facile route to synthesize crystalline silver nanoparticles is presented, which is based on electron irradiation technique. Only by irradiating an electron beam onto silver acetate precursor material, silver nanocrystals with the sizes of 15-40 nm were synthesized. The morphology and chemical composition of the irradiated samples were characterized by SEM, TEM, XRD and EELS. The precursor material was decomposed by the energetic electrons and consequently the chemical composition of the material was changed. As the electron fluence was gradually increased, the precursor was converted to silver (I) oxide and finally into silver nanocrystals. Thus, besides silver nanoparticles, silver oxide film can also be synthesized using the electron irradiation technique by controlling the electron fluence. The technique can be useful for mass production of silver nanoparticles and for patterned silver nanoparticle film.

Li, Yue; Kim, Yong Nam; Lee, Eun Je; Cai, Wei Ping; Cho, Sung Oh

2006-10-01

31

Combined efficacy of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles and different antibiotics against multidrug-resistant bacteria  

PubMed Central

Biological synthesis of nanoparticles is a growing innovative approach that is relatively cheaper and more environmentally friendly than current physicochemical processes. Among various microorganisms, fungi have been found to be comparatively more efficient in the synthesis of nanomaterials. In this research work, extracellular mycosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was probed by reacting the precursor salt of silver nitrate (AgNO3) with culture filtrate of Aspergillus flavus. Initially, the mycosynthesis was regularly monitored by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, which showed AgNP peaks of around 400–470 nm. X-ray diffraction spectra revealed peaks of different intensities with respect to angle of diffractions (2?) corresponding to varying configurations of AgNPs. Transmission electron micrographs further confirmed the formation of AgNPs in size ranging from 5–30 nm. Combined and individual antibacterial activities of the five conventional antibiotics and AgNPs were investigated against eight different multidrug-resistant bacterial species using the Kirby–Bauer disk-diffusion method. The decreasing order of antibacterial activity (zone of inhibition in mm) of antibiotics, AgNPs, and their conjugates against bacterial group (average) was; ciprofloxacin + AgNPs (23) . imipenem + AgNPs (21) > gentamycin + AgNPs (19) > vancomycin + AgNPs (16) > AgNPs (15) . imipenem (14) > trimethoprim + AgNPs (14) > ciprofloxacin (13) > gentamycin (11) > vancomycin (4) > trimethoprim (0). Overall, the synergistic effect of antibiotics and nanoparticles resulted in a 0.2–7.0 (average, 2.8) fold-area increase in antibacterial activity, which clearly revealed that nanoparticles can be effectively used in combination with antibiotics in order to improve their efficacy against various pathogenic microbes.

Naqvi, Syed Zeeshan Haider; Kiran, Urooj; Ali, Muhammad Ishtiaq; Jamal, Asif; Hameed, Abdul; Ahmed, Safia; Ali, Naeem

2013-01-01

32

Silver Nanoparticles from Ultrasonic Spray Pyrolysis of Aqueous Silver Nitrate  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver particles less than 20 nm in diameter were synthesized by pyrolysis of an ultrasonically atomized spray of highly dilute aqueous silver nitrate solution at temperatures above 650°C and below the melting point of silver. Feed solution concentration and ultrasound power applied to the atomizer were found to have a significant impact on the particle size of the silver nanoparticles.

Kalyana C. Pingali; David A. Rockstraw; Shuguang Deng

2005-01-01

33

Spectroscopy investigation on chemo-catalytic, free radical scavenging and bactericidal properties of biogenic silver nanoparticles synthesized using Salicornia brachiata aqueous extract.  

PubMed

Nanosized silver have been widely used in many applications, such as catalysis, photonics, sensors, medicine etc. Thus, there is an increasing need to develop high-yield, low cost, non-toxic and eco-friendly procedures for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Herein, we report an efficient, green synthesis of silver nanoparticles utilizing the aqueous extract of Salicornia brachiata, a tropical plant of the Chenopodiaceae family. Silver nanoparticles have been characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The morphology of the particles formed consists of highly diversified shapes like spherical, rod-like, prism, triangular, pentagonal and hexagonal pattern. However, addition of sodium hydroxide to the extract produces mostly spherical particles. The stable nanoparticles obtained using this green method show remarkable catalytic activity in the reduction of 4-nitro phenol to 4-amino phenol. The reduction catalyzed by silver nanoparticles followed the first-order kinetics, with a rate constant of, 0.6×10(-2) s(-1). The bactericidal activity of the synthesized silver nanoparticles against the pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus E, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli, was also explored using REMA. The obtained results showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration required to induce bactericidal effect is lower than the control antibiotic, ciprofloxacin. In addition to these, the biogenic synthesized nanoparticles also exhibited excellent free radical scavenging activity. PMID:24056313

Seralathan, Janani; Stevenson, Priscilla; Subramaniam, Shankar; Raghavan, Rachana; Pemaiah, Brindha; Sivasubramanian, Aravind; Veerappan, Anbazhagan

2014-01-24

34

Spectroscopy investigation on chemo-catalytic, free radical scavenging and bactericidal properties of biogenic silver nanoparticles synthesized using Salicornia brachiata aqueous extract  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanosized silver have been widely used in many applications, such as catalysis, photonics, sensors, medicine etc. Thus, there is an increasing need to develop high-yield, low cost, non-toxic and eco-friendly procedures for the synthesis of nanoparticles. Herein, we report an efficient, green synthesis of silver nanoparticles utilizing the aqueous extract of Salicornia brachiata, a tropical plant of the Chenopodiaceae family. Silver nanoparticles have been characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The morphology of the particles formed consists of highly diversified shapes like spherical, rod-like, prism, triangular, pentagonal and hexagonal pattern. However, addition of sodium hydroxide to the extract produces mostly spherical particles. The stable nanoparticles obtained using this green method show remarkable catalytic activity in the reduction of 4-nitro phenol to 4-amino phenol. The reduction catalyzed by silver nanoparticles followed the first-order kinetics, with a rate constant of, 0.6 × 10-2 s-1. The bactericidal activity of the synthesized silver nanoparticles against the pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus aureus E, Bacillus subtilis and Escherichia coli, was also explored using REMA. The obtained results showed that the minimum inhibitory concentration required to induce bactericidal effect is lower than the control antibiotic, ciprofloxacin. In addition to these, the biogenic synthesized nanoparticles also exhibited excellent free radical scavenging activity.

Seralathan, Janani; Stevenson, Priscilla; Subramaniam, Shankar; Raghavan, Rachana; Pemaiah, Brindha; Sivasubramanian, Aravind; Veerappan, Anbazhagan

2014-01-01

35

Mechanistic antimicrobial approach of extracellularly synthesized silver nanoparticles against gram positive and gram negative bacteria.  

PubMed

The development of eco-friendly and reliable processes for the synthesis of nanoparticles has attracted considerable interest in nanotechnology. In this study, an extracellular enzyme system of a newly isolated microorganism, Exiguobacterium sp. KNU1, was used for the reduction of AgNO? solutions to silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The extracellularly biosynthesized AgNPs were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy. The AgNPs were approximately 30 nm (range 5-50 nm) in size, well-dispersed and spherical. The AgNPs were evaluated for their antimicrobial effects on different gram negative and gram positive bacteria using the minimum inhibitory concentration method. Reasonable antimicrobial activity against Salmonella typhimurium, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus was observed. The morphological changes occurred in all the microorganisms tested. In particular, E. coli exhibited DNA fragmentation after being treated with the AgNPs. Finally, the mechanism for their bactericidal activity was proposed according to the results of scanning electron microscopy and single cell gel electrophoresis. PMID:23867968

Tamboli, Dhawal P; Lee, Dae Sung

2013-09-15

36

New procedure to synthesize silver nanoparticles and their interaction with local anesthetics.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were prepared in aqueous colloid dispersions by the reduction of Ag(+) with glucose in alkaline medium. Tetraethyl orthosilicate and L-asparagine were added as stabilizers of NPs. The AgNPs were characterized, and their interaction with three local anesthetics (procaine, dibucaine, or tetracaine) was investigated. Optical spectra show the characteristic absorption band of AgNPs, due to surface plasmon resonance. Modifications in the position and shape of this band reflect the self-assembly of metal NPs mediated by anesthetic molecules and the progress in time of the aggregation process. Zeta-potential measuring was applied in order to characterize the electrostatic stability of the NPs. The size and shape of the AgNPs, as well as the features of the assemblies formed by their association in the presence of anesthetics, were evidenced by transmission electron microscopy images. Atomic force microscopy images showed the characteristics of the films of AgNPs deposited on glass support. The effect of the anesthetics could be described in terms of electrostatic forces between the negatively charged AgNPs and the anesthetic molecules, existing also in their cationic form at the working pH. But also hydrophobic and hydrogen bonding interactions between the coated nanoparticles and anesthetics molecular species should be considered. PMID:24143090

Mocanu, Aurora; Pasca, Roxana Diana; Tomoaia, Gheorghe; Garbo, Corina; Frangopol, Petre T; Horovitz, Ossi; Tomoaia-Cotisel, Maria

2013-01-01

37

Evaluation of stem aqueous extract and synthesized silver nanoparticles using Cissus quadrangularis against Hippobosca maculata and Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus.  

PubMed

The present study was to determine the efficacies of anti-parasitic activities of synthesized silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using stem aqueous extract of Cissus quadrangularis against the adult of hematophagous fly, Hippobosca maculata (Diptera: Hippoboscidae), and the larvae of cattle tick, Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus (Acari: Ixodidae). Contact toxicity method was followed to determine the potential of parasitic activity. Twelve milliliters of stem aqueous extract of C. quadrangularis was treated with 88 ml of 1mM silver nitrate (AgNO(3)) solution at room temperature for 30 min and the resulting solution was yellow-brown color indicating the formation extracellular synthesis of Ag NPs. The synthesized Ag NPs were characterized with UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy. The synthesized Ag NPs were recorded by UV-visible spectrum at 420 nm and XRD patterns showed the nanoparticles crystalline in nature. FTIR analysis confirmed that the bioreduction of Ag((+)) ions to Ag NPs were due to the reduction by capping material of plant extract. FESEM image of Ag NPs showed spherical and oval in shape. By using the Bragg's Law and Scherrer's constant, the average mean size of synthesized Ag NPs was 42.46 nm. The spot EDX analysis showed the complete chemical composition of the synthesized Ag NPs. The mortality obtained by the synthesized Ag NPs from the C. quadrangularis was more effective than the aqueous extract of C. quadrangularis and AgNO(3) solution (1 mM). The adulticidal activity was observed in the aqueous extract, AgNO(3) solution and synthesized Ag NPs against the adult of H. maculata with LC(50) values of 37.08, 40.35 and 6.30 mg/L; LC(90) values of 175.46, 192.17 and 18.14 mg/L and r(2) values of 0.970, 0.992 and 0.969, respectively. The maximum efficacy showed in the aqueous extract, AgNO(3) solution and synthesized Ag NPs against the larvae of R. (B.) microplus with LC(50) values of 50.00, 21.72 and 7.61 mg/L; LC(90) values of 205.12, 82.99 and 22.68 mg/L and r(2) values of 0.968, 0.945 and 0.994, respectively. The present study is the first report on antiparasitic activity of the experimental plant extract and synthesized Ag NPs. This is an ideal eco-friendly and inexpensive approach for the control of H. maculata and R. (B.) microplus. PMID:22750410

Santhoshkumar, Thirunavukkarasu; Rahuman, Abdul Abdul; Bagavan, Asokan; Marimuthu, Sampath; Jayaseelan, Chidambaram; Kirthi, Arivarasan Vishnu; Kamaraj, Chinnaperumal; Rajakumar, Govindasamy; Zahir, Abdul Abduz; Elango, Gandhi; Velayutham, Kanayairam; Iyappan, Moorthy; Siva, Chinnadurai; Karthik, Loganathan; Rao, Kokati Venkata Bhaskara

2012-10-01

38

Acaricidal efficacy of synthesized silver nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract of Ocimum canum against Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma marginatum isaaci (Acari: Ixodidae)  

Microsoft Academic Search

The use of acaricides had limited efficacy in reducing tick infestations and is often accompanied by serious drawbacks, including\\u000a the selection of acaricide resistant ticks, contamination of environment, and milk and meat products with drug residues. The\\u000a present study was based on assessments of the antiparasitic activities to determine the efficacy of synthesized silver nanoparticles\\u000a (AgNPs) utilizing aqueous leaf extract

Chidambaram Jayaseelan; Abdul Abdul Rahuman

39

Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This series of videos, presented by the Materials Research Science and Engineering Center at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, deals with the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The experiment allows students to view the formation of silver nanoparticles that can be detected by the reflection of a laser beam. Silver nanoparticles are used in the creation of yellow stained glass in churches around the country, an interesting, but little known fact. This is a fairly inexpensive activity as it involves stock solutions, and equipment present in any science laboratory. Overall, students will enjoy this basic, but still challenging, experiment.

Johnson, Chris; Ng, Steve

2009-01-21

40

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Metal nanoparticles have unique optical, electronic, and catalytic properties. There exist well-defined physical and chemical processes for their preparation. Those processes often yield small quantities of nanoparticles having undesired morphology, and involve high temperatures for the reaction and the use of hazardous chemicals. Relatively, the older technique of bioremediation of metals uses either microorganisms or their components for the production of nanoparticles. The nanoparticles obtained from bacteria, fungi, algae, plants and their components, etc. appear environment-friendly, as toxic chemicals are not used in the processes. In addition to this, the formation of nanoparticles takes place at almost normal temperature and pressure. Control of the shape and size of the nanoparticles is possible by appropriate selection of the pH and temperature. Three important steps are the bioconversion of Ag+ ions, conversion of desired crystals to nanoparticles, and nanoparticle stability. Generally, nanoparticles are characterized by the UV-visible spectroscopy and use of the electron microscope. Silver nanoparticles are used as antimicrobial agents and they possess antifungal, anti-inflammatory, and anti-angiogenic properties. This review highlights the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by various organisms, possible mechanisms of their synthesis, their characterization, and applications of silver nanoparticles. PMID:24749472

Poulose, Subin; Panda, Tapobrata; Nair, Praseetha P; Théodore, Thomas

2014-02-01

41

Larvicidal potential of silver nanoparticles synthesized using fungus Cochliobolus lunatus against Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762) and Anopheles stephensi Liston (Diptera; Culicidae).  

PubMed

Larvicides play a vital role in controlling mosquitoes in their breeding sites. The present study was carried out to establish the larvicidal activities of mycosynthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against vectors: Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi responsible for diseases of public health importance. The AgNPs synthesized by filamentous fungus Cochliobolus lunatus, characterized by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The characterization studies confirmed the spherical shape and size (3-21 nm) of silver nanoparticles. The efficacy of mycosynthesized AgNPs at all the tested concentrations (10, 5, 2.5, 1.25, 0.625, and 0.3125 ppm) against second, third, and fourth instar larvae of A. aegypti (LC(50) 1.29, 1.48, and 1.58; LC(90) 3.08, 3.33, and 3.41 ppm) and against A. stephensi (LC(50) 1.17, 1.30, and 1.41; LC(90) 2.99, 3.13, and 3.29 ppm) were observed, respectively. The mortality rates were positively correlated with the concentration of AgNPs. Significant (P?nanoparticles through membrane. Toxicity studies carried out against non-target fish species Poecilia reticulata, the most common organism in the habitats of A. aegypti and A. stephensi showed no toxicity at LC50 and LC90 doses of the AgNPs. This is the first report on mosquito larvicidal activity of mycosynthesized nanoparticles. Thus, the use of fungus C. lunatus to synthesize silver nanoparticles is a rapid, eco-friendly, and a single-step approach and the AgNps formed can be potential mosquito larvicidal agents. PMID:21451993

Salunkhe, Rahul B; Patil, Satish V; Patil, Chandrashekhar D; Salunke, Bipinchandra K

2011-09-01

42

The green synthesis, characterization, and evaluation of the biological activities of silver nanoparticles synthesized from Leptadenia reticulata leaf extract  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag Nps) was carried out using methanol leaves extract of L. reticulata. Ag Nps were characterized based on the observations of UV-visible spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis. These Ag Nps were tested for antimicrobial activity by agar well diffusion method against different pathogenic microorganisms and antioxidant activity was performed using DPPH assay. Further, the in vitro cytotoxic effects of Ag Nps were screened against HCT15 cancer cell line and viability of tumor cells was confirmed using MTT ((3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, a yellow tetrazole)) assay. The nuclear condensation was studied using the propidium iodide-staining method. The color change from green to dark brown and the absorbance peak at about 420 nm indicated the formation of nanoparticles. XRD pattern showed characteristic peaks indexed to the crystalline planes (111), (200) and (220) of face-centered cubic silver. The nanoparticles were of spherical shape with varying sizes ranging from 50 to 70 nm. Biosynthesized Ag Nps showed potent antibacterial activity and effective radical scavenging activity. MTT assay revealed a dose-dependent decrease in cell viability. Microscopic observations showed distinct cellular morphological changes indicating unhealthy cells, whereas the control appeared normal. Increase in the number of propidium iodide positive cells were observed in maximum concentration. Methanolic leaf extract of L. reticulata acts as an excellent capping agent for the formation of silver nanoparticles and demonstrates immense biological activities. Hence, these Ag NPs can be used as antibacterial, antioxidant as well as cytotoxic agent in treating many medical complications.

Kumara Swamy, M.; Sudipta, K. M.; Jayanta, K.; Balasubramanya, S.

2014-02-01

43

Antimicrobial active silver nanoparticles and silver\\/polystyrene core-shell nanoparticles prepared in room-temperature ionic liquid  

Microsoft Academic Search

Uniform silver nanoparticles and silver\\/polystyrene core-shell nanoparticles were successfully synthesized in a room temperature ionic liquid, 1-n-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ([BMIM]·BF4). [BMIM]·BF4 plays a protective role to prevent the nanoparticles from aggregation during the preparation process. Transmission electron micrographs confirm that both silver nanoparticles and core-shell nanoparticles are regular spheres with the sizes in the range of 5–15 nm and 15–25 nm, respectively. The

Jing An; Desong Wang; Qingzhi Luo; Xiaoyan Yuan

2009-01-01

44

Bioconjugation of colloidal silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have studied bioconjugation of Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) and DNA with colloidal silver nanoparticles. BSA and DNA modified silver nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy and FTIR studies. The emergence of new peaks in UV-Vis spectra corresponding to these biomolecules without shift in surface plasmon peak of silver nanoparticles showed successful modification of metal nanoparticles with BSA and DNA. FTIR spectra also supported these results.

Kaur, Harmandeep; Bhatnagar, Archana; Tripathi, S. K.

2013-06-01

45

Thermal decomposition as route for silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Single crystalline silver nanoparticles have been synthesized by thermal decomposition of silver oxalate in water and in ethylene glycol. Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) was employed as a capping agent. The particles were spherical in shape with size below 10 nm. The chemical reduction of silver oxalate by PVA was also observed. Increase of the polymer concentration led to a decrease in the size of Ag particles. Ag nanoparticle was not formed in the absence of PVA. Antibacterial activity of the Ag colloid was studied by disc diffusion method.

Navaladian, S; Viswanath, RP; Varadarajan, TK

2007-01-01

46

Mosquito larvicidal properties of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Heliotropium indicum (Boraginaceae) against Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi, and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae).  

PubMed

Mosquitoes transmit dreadful diseases to human beings wherein biological control of these vectors using plant-derived molecules would be an alternative to reduce mosquito population. In the present study activity of aqueous leaf extract and silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized using Helitropium indicum plant leaves against late third instar larvae of Aedes aegypti, Anopheles stephensi and Culex quinquefasciatus. The range of varying concentrations of synthesized AgNPs (8, 16, 24, 32, and 40 ?g/mL) and aqueous leaf extract (30, 60, 90, 120, and 150 ?g/mL) were tested against the larvae of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus. The synthesized AgNPs from H. indicum were highly toxic than crude leaf aqueous extract in three important vector mosquito species. The results were recorded from UV-Vis spectrum, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis, transmission electron microscopy, and histogram. The synthesized AgNPs showed larvicidal effects after 24 h of exposure. Considerable mortality was evident after the treatment of H. indicum for all three important vector mosquitoes. The LC50 and LC90 values of H. indicum aqueous leaf extract appeared to be effective against A. stephensi (LC50, 68.73 ?g/mL; LC90, 121.07 ?g/mL) followed by A. aegypti (LC50, 72.72 ?g/mL; LC90, 126.86 ?g/mL) and C. quinquefasciatus (LC50, 78.74 ?g/mL; LC90, 134.39 ?g/mL). Synthesized AgNPs against the vector mosquitoes of A. stephensi, A. aegypti, and C. quinquefasciatus had the following LC50 and LC90 values: A. stephensi had LC50 and LC90 values of 18.40 and 32.45 ?g/mL, A. aegypti had LC50 and LC90 values of 20.10 and 35.97 ?g/mL, and C. quinquefasciatus had LC50 and LC90 values of 21.84 and 38.10 ?g/mL. No mortality was observed in the control. These results suggest that the leaf aqueous extracts of H. indicum and green synthesis of silver nanoparticles have the potential to be used as an ideal ecofriendly approach for the control of A. stephensi, A. aegypti, and C. quinquefasciatus. This is the first report on the mosquito larvicidal activity of the plant extracts and synthesized nanoparticles. PMID:24770671

Veerakumar, Kaliyan; Govindarajan, Marimuthu; Rajeswary, Mohan; Muthukumaran, Udaiyan

2014-06-01

47

Synthesis of Stable, Polyshaped Silver, and Gold Nanoparticles Using Leaf Extract of Lonicera japonica L  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles and gold nanoparticles of various shapes and sizes have applications in medicine, biosensing, and catalysis. Plant-mediated synthesis is preferred due to ecofriendly nature and enhanced quality of the synthesized nanoparticles. As Lonicera japonica plant has several medicinal properties, we explored it here for the first time in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles and gold nanoparticles. Capping of synthesized

Vineet Kumar; Sudesh Kumar Yadav

2011-01-01

48

Kinetic evolution studies of silver nanoparticles in a bio-based green synthesis process  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles are being extensively studied due to their widespread applications and unique properties. In the present study, the growth kinetics of silver nanoparticles as synthesized on reduction of silver nitrate solution by aqueous extract of Azadirachta indica leaves was investigated. The formation of silver nanoparticles was preliminarily monitored by measuring the absorption maxima at different time intervals after adding

T. C. Prathna; N. Chandrasekaran; Ashok M. Raichur; Amitava Mukherjee

2011-01-01

49

An Evidence-Based Environmental Perspective Of Manufactured Silver Nanoparticle In Syntheses And Applications: A Systematic Review And Critical Appraisal Of Peer-Reviewed Scientific Papers  

EPA Science Inventory

Most recently, renewed interest has arisen in manufactured silver nanoparticles because of their unusually enhanced physiochemical properties and biological activities compared to the bulk parent materials. A wide range of applications has emerged in consumer products ranging fr...

50

Toxicity of silver nanoparticles–nanoparticle or silver ion?  

Microsoft Academic Search

The toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been shown in many publications. Here we investigated to which degree the silver ion fraction of AgNP suspensions, contribute to the toxicity of AgNPs in A549 lung cells. Cell viability assays revealed that AgNP suspensions were more toxic when the initial silver ion fraction was higher. At 1.5?g\\/ml total silver, A549 cells exposed

Christiane Beer; Rasmus Foldbjerg; Yuya Hayashi; Duncan S. Sutherland; Herman Autrup

51

Antimicrobial Properties of Silver Nanoparticles  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

This module provides students the opportunity to "explore silver nanoparticles and their effectiveness against bacterial growth in hands-on laboratory activities." Students first make silver nanoparticles and then use them in an experiment they design. This lesson will require two or more class periods and is aimed at secondary students.The document is available to download in PDF file format.

Kouadio, Carrie; Muskin, Joe

2012-10-15

52

Biofabrication of silver nanoparticles using Andrographis paniculata.  

PubMed

New and novel strategies are of recent interest in the development of silver nanoparticles. The plant extracts are eco-friendly, economical and cost effective for synthesis of nanoparticles. In this paper, we represent biofabrication of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Andrographis paniculata and the synthesized AgNPs was monitored by ultra-violet visible spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The morphology and crystalline nature of AgNPs were determined from scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with Energy dispersive X-ray (EDX), X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). The size and the stability were detected by using Nanoparticle analyzer. The average size of the AgNPs was found to be 54 ± 2 nm and the Zeta potential was found to be -50.7 mV. The synthesized AgNPs have very good antifungal activity. PMID:24389508

Kotakadi, Venkata S; Gaddam, Susmila Aparna; Subba Rao, Y; Prasad, T N V K V; Varada Reddy, A; Sai Gopal, D V R

2014-02-12

53

Syntheses and characterization of nearly monodispersed, size-tunable silver nanoparticles over a wide size range of 7-200 nm by tannic acid reduction.  

PubMed

Nearly monodispersed spherical silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized by using tannic acid (TA) as both reductant and stabilizer in a 30 °C water bath. The size of the as-prepared Ag NPs could be tuned in a range of 7-66 nm by changing the molar ratio of TA to silver nitrate and pH of the reaction solutions. UV-vis spectra, TEM observations, and temporal evolution of the monomer concentrations for the reactions carried out at different experimental conditions showed that the improved size distribution and size tunability of the Ag NPs were mainly attributed to the use of TA, which could promote the balance of nucleation and growth processes of the NPs effectively. The size of the Ag NPs was extendable up to 200 nm in one-pot fashion by the multi-injection approach. The size-dependent surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) activity of the as-prepared Ag NPs was evaluated, and the NPs with size around 100 nm were identified to show a maximum enhanced factor of 3.6 × 10(5). Moreover, the as-prepared TA-coated Ag NPs presented excellent colloidal stability compared to the conventional citrate-coated ones. PMID:24628127

Cao, Yanzhen; Zheng, Rongfeng; Ji, Xiaohui; Liu, Hong; Xie, Renguo; Yang, Wensheng

2014-04-01

54

An investigation on the cytotoxicity and caspase-mediated apoptotic effect of biologically synthesized silver nanoparticles using Podophyllum hexandrum on human cervical carcinoma cells.  

PubMed

Now-a-days synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) through biological entity is quite interesting to employ AgNPs for various biomedical applications in general and treatment of cancer in particular. This paper presents the green synthesis of AgNPs using leaf extract of Podophyllum hexandrum Royle and optimized with various parameters such as pH, temperature, reaction time, volume of extract and metal ion concentration for synthesis of AgNPs. TEM, XRD and FTIR were adopted for characterization. The synthesized nanoparticles were found to be spherical shaped with average size of 14 nm. Effects of AgNPs were analyzed against human cervical carcinoma cells by MTT Assay, quantification of ROS, RT-PCR and western blotting techniques. The overall result indicates that AgNPs can selectively inhibit the cellular mechanism of HeLa by DNA damage and caspase mediated cell death. This biological procedure for synthesis of AgNPs and selective inhibition of cancerous cells gives an alternative avenue to treat human cancer effectively. PMID:23117153

Jeyaraj, Murugaraj; Rajesh, Manoharan; Arun, Renganathan; MubarakAli, Davoodbasha; Sathishkumar, Gnanasekar; Sivanandhan, Ganeshan; Dev, Gnanajothi Kapil; Manickavasagam, Markandan; Premkumar, Kumpati; Thajuddin, Nooruddin; Ganapathi, Andy

2013-02-01

55

Shaped gold and silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Advance in the synthesis of shaped nanoparticles made of gold and silver is reviewed in this article. This review starts with\\u000a a new angle by analyzing the relationship between the geometrical symmetry of a nanoparticle shape and its internal crystalline\\u000a structures. According to the relationship, the nanoparticles with well-defined shapes are classified into three categories:\\u000a nanoparticles with single crystallinity, nanoparticles

Yugang Sun; Changhua An

2011-01-01

56

Silver nanoparticles incorporated onto ordered mesoporous silica from Tollen's reagent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Noble metal nanostructures supported on mesoporous silica are bridge between traditional silica adsorbents and modern catalysts. In this work the Ag/SBA-15 mesoporous materials were synthesized and characterized. Various forms of nanosilver supported on ordered mesoporous template have been successfully obtained via proposed procedures. In all synthesized materials, Tollen's reagent (diammine silver complex [Ag(NH3)2]+) was used as a silver source. Silver nanoparticles were prepared by reduction of ammoniacal silver complex by formaldehyde in the solution of stabilizer. After reduction, Ag nanoparticles could be deposited on SBA-15, or added during traditional synthesis of SBA-15 giving silver or silver chloride nanoparticles in the combination with porous silica. Silver nanostructures as nanoparticles or nanowires were also embedded onto the SBA-15 by incipient wetness impregnation of silver ions. Absorbed silver ions were next reduced under hydrogen at high temperature. There are many advantages of utilized ammoniacal silver complex as a silver source. Proposed method is capable to synthesis of various metal nanostructures with controlled composition and morphology. The silver ammonia complex is composed of two ions surrounding and protecting the central silver ion, so it is possible to obtain very small nanoparticles using simple approach without any functionalization of external and internal surface of SBA-15. This approach allows obtaining greatly small silver nanoparticles on SBA-15 (4 nm) or nanowires depending on the metal loading amount. Moreover, the colloidal silver solution prepared from Tollen's reagent, in the presence of triblock copolymer, remains stable for a long time. Reduction of Tollen's reagent to silver colloidal solution seems to be efficient, fast and interesting approach for the preparation of supported silver nanostructures Obtained samples were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS), UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherms and photoacoustic spectroscopy (PAS).

Zienkiewicz-Strza?ka, M.; Pasieczna-Patkowska, S.; Kozak, M.; Pikus, S.

2013-02-01

57

Sonochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles using starch: a comparison.  

PubMed

A novel approach was applied to synthesize silver nanoparticles using starch under sonication. Colloidal silver nanoparticles solution exhibited an increase of absorption from 420 to 440?nm with increase starch quantity. Transmission electron microscopy followed by selected area electron diffraction pattern analysis indicated the formation of spherical, polydispersed, amorphous, silver nanoparticles of diameter ranging from 23 to 97?nm with mean particle size of 45.6?nm. Selected area electron diffraction (SAED) confirmed partial crystalline and amorphous nature of silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles synthesized in this manner can be used for synthesis of 2-aryl substituted benzimidazoles which have numerous biomedical applications. The optimized reaction conditions include 10?ml of 1?mM AgNO3, 25?mg starch, 11 pH range, and sonication for 20?min at room temperature. PMID:24587771

Kumar, Brajesh; Smita, Kumari; Cumbal, Luis; Debut, Alexis; Pathak, Ravinandan Nath

2014-01-01

58

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and antibacterial property of silk fabrics treated by silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

A silver nanoparticle solution was prepared in one step by mixing AgNO3 and a multi-amino compound (RSD-NH2) solution under ambient condition. RSD-NH2 was in-house synthesized by methacrylate and polyethylene polyamine in methanol, which has abundant amino and imino groups. However, the characterization of silver nanoparticles indicated that these nanoparticles are easy to agglomerate in solution. Therefore, an in situ synthesis method of silver nanoparticles on the silk fabrics was developed. The examined results confirmed that the in situ synthesized silver nanoparticles were evenly distributed on the surface of fibers. The inhibition zone test and the antibacterial rate demonstrated that the finished fabrics have an excellent antibacterial property against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Moreover, the nanosilver-treated silk fabrics were laundered 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 times and still retained the exceptional antibacterial property. When the treated fabrics were washed 50 times, the antibacterial rate is more than 97.43% for S. aureus and 99.86% for E. coli. The excellent laundering durability may be attributed to the tight binding between silver nanoparticles and silk fibers through the in situ synthesis. This method provides an economic method to enhance the antibacterial capability of silk fabrics with good resistance to washings. PMID:24872803

Zhang, Guangyu; Liu, Yan; Gao, Xiaoliang; Chen, Yuyue

2014-01-01

59

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and antibacterial property of silk fabrics treated by silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

A silver nanoparticle solution was prepared in one step by mixing AgNO3 and a multi-amino compound (RSD-NH2) solution under ambient condition. RSD-NH2 was in-house synthesized by methacrylate and polyethylene polyamine in methanol, which has abundant amino and imino groups. However, the characterization of silver nanoparticles indicated that these nanoparticles are easy to agglomerate in solution. Therefore, an in situ synthesis method of silver nanoparticles on the silk fabrics was developed. The examined results confirmed that the in situ synthesized silver nanoparticles were evenly distributed on the surface of fibers. The inhibition zone test and the antibacterial rate demonstrated that the finished fabrics have an excellent antibacterial property against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Moreover, the nanosilver-treated silk fabrics were laundered 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 times and still retained the exceptional antibacterial property. When the treated fabrics were washed 50 times, the antibacterial rate is more than 97.43% for S. aureus and 99.86% for E. coli. The excellent laundering durability may be attributed to the tight binding between silver nanoparticles and silk fibers through the in situ synthesis. This method provides an economic method to enhance the antibacterial capability of silk fabrics with good resistance to washings.

2014-01-01

60

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and antibacterial property of silk fabrics treated by silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A silver nanoparticle solution was prepared in one step by mixing AgNO3 and a multi-amino compound (RSD-NH2) solution under ambient condition. RSD-NH2 was in-house synthesized by methacrylate and polyethylene polyamine in methanol, which has abundant amino and imino groups. However, the characterization of silver nanoparticles indicated that these nanoparticles are easy to agglomerate in solution. Therefore, an in situ synthesis method of silver nanoparticles on the silk fabrics was developed. The examined results confirmed that the in situ synthesized silver nanoparticles were evenly distributed on the surface of fibers. The inhibition zone test and the antibacterial rate demonstrated that the finished fabrics have an excellent antibacterial property against Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. Moreover, the nanosilver-treated silk fabrics were laundered 0, 5, 10, 20, and 50 times and still retained the exceptional antibacterial property. When the treated fabrics were washed 50 times, the antibacterial rate is more than 97.43% for S. aureus and 99.86% for E. coli. The excellent laundering durability may be attributed to the tight binding between silver nanoparticles and silk fibers through the in situ synthesis. This method provides an economic method to enhance the antibacterial capability of silk fabrics with good resistance to washings.

Zhang, Guangyu; Liu, Yan; Gao, Xiaoliang; Chen, Yuyue

2014-05-01

61

Synthesis, characterization and SERS activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles were rapidly synthesized using Moringa oleifera flower extract as the reducing agent shows surface plasmon resonance peak at 439 nm. The size and shape of the nanoparticles controlled by varying the concentration of M. oleifera flower extract in the reaction medium. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were well-dispersed spherical nanoparticles with the average size of 14 nm. The retinoic acid present in M. oleifera flower extract used as reducing agent and proteins was responsible for capping of the bioreduced silver nanoparticles. The obtained nanoparticle shows size-dependent SERS activity. The SERS spectrum indicates that the pyridine adsorbed on the silver surface in a stand-on orientation via its nitrogen lone pair electrons.

Bindhu, M. R.; Sathe, V.; Umadevi, M.

2013-11-01

62

Preparation of Silver Nanoparticles Incorporated Electrospun Polyurethane Nano-fibrous Mat for Wound Dressing  

Microsoft Academic Search

Polyurethane foam is currently used as an exudate absorptive wound dressing material. In this study silver (Ag) nanoparticles were incorporated into electrospun polyurethane (PU) nanofiber to enhance the antibacterial as well as wound healing properties. The electrospinning parameters were optimized for PU with and without silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by aqueous and organic methods. The water absorption, antibacterial

Lakshmi R. Lakshman; K. T. Shalumon; Sreeja V. Nair; R. Jayakumar

2010-01-01

63

Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles in AOT microemulsion system  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Colloidal silver nanoparticles have been synthesized in water-in-oil microemulsion using silver nitrate solubilized in the water core of one microemulsion as source of silver ions, hydrazine hydrate solubilized in the water core of another microemulsion as reducing agent, dodecane as the oil phase, sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) as the surfactant. The UV-vis absorption spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have been used to trace the growth process and elucidate the structure of the silver nanoparticles. UV-vis spectra show that the Ag4+ intermediates formed at early stages of the reaction and then the clusters grow or aggregate to larger nanoparticles. TEM micrographs confirm that the silver nanoparticles are all spherical. The resulting particles have a very narrow size distribution. Meanwhile, the diameter size of the particles is so small that the smallest mean diameter is only 1.6 nm. IR results show that the surfactant molecules are strongly adsorbed on the surface of silver particles through a coordination bond between the silver atom and the sulfonic group of AOT molecules, which endows the particles with a good stability in oil solvents. As dodecane is used as oil solvent to prepare silver nanoparticles, the formed nano-silver sol is almost nontoxic. As a result, the silver nanoparticles need not be separated from the reaction solution and the silver sol may be directly used in antibacterial fields.

Zhang, Wanzhong; Qiao, Xueliang; Chen, Jianguo

2006-11-01

64

Acaricidal efficacy of synthesized silver nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract of Ocimum canum against Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Hyalomma marginatum isaaci (Acari: Ixodidae).  

PubMed

The use of acaricides had limited efficacy in reducing tick infestations and is often accompanied by serious drawbacks, including the selection of acaricide resistant ticks, contamination of environment, and milk and meat products with drug residues. The present study was based on assessments of the antiparasitic activities to determine the efficacy of synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) utilizing aqueous leaf extract of Ocimum canum Sims (Labiatae) against the larvae of Hyalomma anatolicum (a.) anatolicum Koch, 1844 and Hyalomma marginatum (m.) isaaci Sharif, 1928 (Acari: Ixodidae). The synthesized AgNPs results were recorded from UV-vis spectrum, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) analysis. The production of the AgNPs synthesized from the leaf extract of O. canum was evaluated through UV-visible spectrophotometer in a range of wavelength from 300 to 600 nm. This revealed a peak at 426 nm in leaf extracts of O. canum, indicating the production of AgNPs. The XRD spectrum compared with the standard confirmed spectrum of silver particles formed in the present experiments were in the form of nanocrystals, as evidenced by the peaks at 2? values of 27.71°, 32.16°, 38.08°, 46.15°, 54.70° and 57.35°. The FTIR spectra of AgNPs exhibited prominent peaks at 818, 1,045, 1,381 and 1,616 in the region 500-3,000 cm(-1). The peaks correspond to the presence of a C-H vibration of the aromatic ring, stretch vibration of C-O, carbonyl groups and flavanones. SEM analyses of the synthesized AgNPs were clearly distinguishable, which measured 25-110 nm in size. It is clear that the rod and cylindrical structures have an average size of 95 nm. The EDX spectra showed the purity of the material and the complete chemical composition of the synthesized AgNPs. Parasite larvae were exposed to varying concentrations of aqueous leaf extract of O. canum and synthesized AgNPs for 24 h. The acaricidal activities of aqueous crude leaf extracts of O. canum against the larvae of H. a. anatolicum and H. m. isaaci have LC(50) and LC(90) values of 15.31 and 13.85 mg/L, and 62.41 and 48.86 mg/L, respectively. The efficacies of 1 mM AgNO(3) solution against H. a. anatolicum and H. m. isaaci were LC(50) = 12.25 and 12.17 mg/L, LC(90) = 49.17 and 46.52 mg/L, respectively, and the maximum efficacy was observed in the synthesized AgNPs against H. a. anatolicum and H. m. isaaci with LC(50) and LC(90) values of 0.78 and 1.00 mg/L, and 1.51 and 1.68 mg/L, respectively. This method is considered as an innovative alternative approach to control parasites. PMID:21789583

Jayaseelan, Chidambaram; Rahuman, Abdul Abdul

2012-09-01

65

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Melia dubia leaf extract and their in vitro anticancer activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles have a significant role in the pharmaceutical science. Especially, silver nanoparticles synthesized by the plant extracts lead a significant role in biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer. Keeping this in mind, the present work investigation has been taken up with the synthesized silver nanoparticles using the plant extract of Melia dubia and it characterizes by using UV-visible, XRD and SEM-EDS. The effect of the silver nanoparticles on human breast cancer (KB) cell line has been tested. Silver nanoparticles showed remarkable cytotoxicity activity against KB cell line with evidence of high therapeutic index value are the results are discussed.

Kathiravan, V.; Ravi, S.; Ashokkumar, S.

2014-09-01

66

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Melia dubia leaf extract and their in vitro anticancer activity.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles have a significant role in the pharmaceutical science. Especially, silver nanoparticles synthesized by the plant extracts lead a significant role in biological activities such as antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer. Keeping this in mind, the present work investigation has been taken up with the synthesized silver nanoparticles using the plant extract of Melia dubia and it characterizes by using UV-visible, XRD and SEM-EDS. The effect of the silver nanoparticles on human breast cancer (KB) cell line has been tested. Silver nanoparticles showed remarkable cytotoxicity activity against KB cell line with evidence of high therapeutic index value are the results are discussed. PMID:24769382

Kathiravan, V; Ravi, S; Ashokkumar, S

2014-09-15

67

Optical and structural properties of radiolytically in situ synthesized silver nanoparticles stabilized by chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) blends  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, the potential of chitosan/poly(vinyl alcohol) (CS/PVA) blends as capping agent for stabilization of Ag-nanoparticles (Ag NPs) during their in situ gamma irradiation induced synthesis was investigated. The UV-vis absorption spectra show the surface plasmon absorption band around 410 nm, which confirms the formation of Ag-nanoparticles. It was found that the composition of CS/PVA blend affected the size of the obtained Ag-nanoparticles, as well as the parameters such as density, molar concentration and effective surface area, calculated from the experimentally obtained UV-vis absorption spectra and spectra obtained by simulation according to the Mie theory. SEM micrograph and XRD measurement indicated a spherical morphology and face centered cubic crystal structure of Ag-nanoparticles, with diameter around 12 nm. The values of optical band gap energy between valence and conduction bands (Eg), calculated from the UV-vis absorption spectra, also show dependence on the blend composition for Ag-CS/PVA colloids as well as for Ag-CS/PVA nanocomposites.

Krsti?, Jelena; Spasojevi?, Jelena; Radosavljevi?, Aleksandra; Šiljegov?, Milorad; Ka?arevi?-Popovi?, Zorica

2014-03-01

68

Larvicidal activity of silver nanoparticles synthesized using Pergularia daemia plant latex against Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi and nontarget fish Poecillia reticulata.  

PubMed

In present study, the bioactivity of latex-producing plant Pergularia daemia as well as synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) against the larval instars of Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi mosquito larvae was determined. The range of concentrations of plant latex (1,000, 500, 250, 125, 62.25, and 31.25 ppm) and AgNPs (10, 5, 2.5, 1.25, 0.625, and 0.3125 ppm) were prepared. The LC(50) and LC(90) values for first, second, third, and fourth instars of synthesized AgNPs-treated first, second, third, and fourth instars of A. aegypti (LC(50)?=?4.39, 5.12, 5.66, 6.18; LC(90)?=?9.90, 11.13, 12.40, 12.95 ppm) and A. stephensi (LC(50)?=?4.41, 5.35, 5.91, 6.47; LC(90)?=?10.10, 12.04, 13.05, 14.08 ppm) were found many fold lower than crude latex-treated A. aegypti (LC(50)?=?55.13, 58.81, 75.66, 94.31; LC(90)?=?113.00, 118.25, 156.95, 175.71 ppm) and A. stephensi (LC(50)?=?81.47, 92.09, 96.07, 101.31; LC(90)?=?159.51, 175.97, 180.67, 190.42 ppm). The AgNPs did not exhibit any noticeable effects on Poecillia reticulata after either 24 or 48 h of exposure at their LC(50) and LC(90) values against fourth-instar larvae of A. aegypti and A. stephensi. The UV-visible analysis shows absorbance for AgNPs at 520 nm. TEM reveals spherical shape of synthesized AgNPs. Particle size analysis revealed that the size of particles ranges from 44 to 255 nm with average size of 123.50 nm. AgNPs were clearly negatively charged (zeta potential -27.4 mV). This is the first report on mosquito larvicidal activity P. daemia-synthesized AgNPs. PMID:22371271

Patil, Chandrashekhar D; Borase, Hemant P; Patil, Satish V; Salunkhe, Rahul B; Salunke, Bipinchandra K

2012-08-01

69

Subchronic oral toxicity of silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

BACKGROUND: The antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles has resulted in their extensive application in health, electronic, consumer, medicinal, pesticide, and home products; however, silver nanoparticles remain a controversial area of research with respect to their toxicity in biological and ecological systems. RESULTS: This study tested the oral toxicity of silver nanoparticles (56 nm) over a period of 13 weeks (90

Yong Soon Kim; Moon Yong Song; Jung Duck Park; Kyung Seuk Song; Hyeon Ryol Ryu; Yong Hyun Chung; Hee Kyung Chang; Ji Hyun Lee; Kyung Hui Oh; Bruce J Kelman; In Koo Hwang; Il Je Yu

2010-01-01

70

Preparation of conducting silver paste with Ag nanoparticles prepared by e-beam irradiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conducting silver paste was prepared by using Ag nanoparticles which were synthesized by e-beam irradiation method (from KAERI); its conductivity was comparatively determined with Ag nanoparticles which were prepared by thermolysis method (commercial). The silver nanoparticles with the diameter of approximately 150 nm size prepared by e-beam irradiation were mixed with glass frit and sintered for 1 h at 500 °C. It is presumably concluded that the wt% of silver nanoparticle, size distribution and homogenous dispersibility of Ag nanoparticles in the pastes are the critical factors for the high conductivity of the paste. Among the various wt% of silver nanoparticle in the conducting silver pastes, silver paste with 90 wt% of silver nanoparticle has the highest conductivity as 1.6×10 4 S cm -1. This conductivity value is 1.6 times higher than the Ag pastes which were prepared with silver nanoparticles obtained by thermolysis method.

Sohn, Jong Hwa; Pham, Long Quoc; Kang, Hyun Suk; Park, Ji Hyun; Lee, Byung Cheol; Kang, Young Soo

2010-11-01

71

Silver Nanoparticles and Graphitic Carbon Through Thermal Decomposition of a Silver/Acetylenedicarboxylic Salt  

PubMed Central

Spherically shaped silver nanoparticles embedded in a carbon matrix were synthesized by thermal decomposition of a Ag(I)/acetylenedicarboxylic acid salt. The silver nanoparticles, which are formed either by pyrolysis at 300 °C in an autoclave or thermolysis in xylene suspension at reflux temperature, are acting catalytically for the formation of graphite layers. Both reactions proceed through in situ reduction of the silver cations and polymerization of the central acetylene triple bonds and the exact temperature of the reaction can be monitored through DTA analysis. Interestingly, the thermal decomposition of this silver salt in xylene partly leads to a minor fraction of quasicrystalline silver, as established by HR-TEM analysis. The graphitic layers covering the silver nanoparticles are clearly seen in HR-TEM images and, furthermore, established by the presence of sp2carbon at the Raman spectrum of both samples.

2009-01-01

72

Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles in AOT microemulsion system  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colloidal silver nanoparticles have been synthesized in water-in-oil microemulsion using silver nitrate solubilized in the water core of one microemulsion as source of silver ions, hydrazine hydrate solubilized in the water core of another microemulsion as reducing agent, dodecane as the oil phase, sodium bis(2-ethylhexyl) sulfosuccinate (AOT) as the surfactant. The UV–vis absorption spectra and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) have

Wanzhong Zhang; Xueliang Qiao; Jianguo Chen

2006-01-01

73

Antituberculous effect of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The in vitro experiment, involving 1164 strains of the tuberculosis mycobacteria, exhibited a potentiating effect of silver nanoparticles on known antituberculous preparations in respect of overcoming drug-resistance of the causative agent. The in vitro experiment, based on the model of resistant tuberculosis, was performed on 65 white mice. An evident antituberculous effect of the nanocomposite on the basis of silver nanoparticles and isoniazid was proved. Toxicological assessment of the of nanopreparations was carried out. The performed research scientifically establishes efficacy and safety of the nanocomposite application in combination therapy of patients suffering from drug-resistant tuberculosis.

Kreytsberg, G. N.; Gracheva, I. E.; Kibrik, B. S.; Golikov, I. V.

2011-04-01

74

Facile synthesis of anisotropic silver nanoparticles and their surface-enhanced Raman scattering properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, polyvinylpyrrolidone(PVP)-capped silver nanoparticles were synthesized using ethylene glycol as solvent and reducing agent through a simple, one-pot solvothermal method at 160 °C. UV-vis spectroscopy, TEM and Raman spectra are used to characterize the PVP-capped silver nanoparticles. The results show that the formed silver nanoparticles are anisotropy with different size and morphology such as triangle, hexagon and pentagon. Moreover, the formation process of silver nanoparticles was discussed in detail. Furthermore, the formed silver nanoparticles displayed high surface-enhanced Raman scattering effects.

Zhang, Danhui; Yang, Houbo

2014-02-01

75

Optimization of Biological Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles using Fusarium oxysporum  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles are increasingly used in various fields of biotechnology and applications in the medicine. Objectives of this study were optimization of production of silver nanoparticles using biotransformations by Fusarium oxysporum, and a further study on the location of nanoparticles synthesis in this microorganism. The reaction mixture contained the following ingredients (final concentrations): AgNO3 (1-10 mM) as the biotransformation substrate, biomass as the biocatalyst, glucose (560 mM) as the electron donor, and phosphate buffer (pH= 7, 100 mM). The samples were taken from the reaction mixtures at different times, and the absorbance (430 nm) of the colloidal suspensions of silver nanoparticles hydrosols was read freshly (without freezing) and immediately after dilution (1:40). SEM and TEM analyses were performed on selected samples. The presence of AgNO3 (0.1 mM) in the culture as enzyme inducer, and glucose (560 mM) as electron donor had positive effects on nanoparticle production. In SEM micrographs, silver nanoparticles were almost spherical, single (25-50 nm) or in aggregates (100 nm), attached to the surface of biomass. The reaction mixture was successfully optimized to increase the yield of silver nanoparticles production. More details of the location of nanoparticles production by this fungus were revealed, which support the hypothesis that silver nanoparticles are synthesized intracellularly and not extracellularly.

Korbekandi, Hassan; Ashari, Zeynab; Iravani, Siavash; Abbasi, Sajjad

2013-01-01

76

Optimization of Biological Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles using Fusarium oxysporum.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles are increasingly used in various fields of biotechnology and applications in the medicine. Objectives of this study were optimization of production of silver nanoparticles using biotransformations by Fusarium oxysporum, and a further study on the location of nanoparticles synthesis in this microorganism. The reaction mixture contained the following ingredients (final concentrations): AgNO3 (1-10 mM) as the biotransformation substrate, biomass as the biocatalyst, glucose (560 mM) as the electron donor, and phosphate buffer (pH= 7, 100 mM). The samples were taken from the reaction mixtures at different times, and the absorbance (430 nm) of the colloidal suspensions of silver nanoparticles hydrosols was read freshly (without freezing) and immediately after dilution (1:40). SEM and TEM analyses were performed on selected samples. The presence of AgNO3 (0.1 mM) in the culture as enzyme inducer, and glucose (560 mM) as electron donor had positive effects on nanoparticle production. In SEM micrographs, silver nanoparticles were almost spherical, single (25-50 nm) or in aggregates (100 nm), attached to the surface of biomass. The reaction mixture was successfully optimized to increase the yield of silver nanoparticles production. More details of the location of nanoparticles production by this fungus were revealed, which support the hypothesis that silver nanoparticles are synthesized intracellularly and not extracellularly. PMID:24250635

Korbekandi, Hassan; Ashari, Zeynab; Iravani, Siavash; Abbasi, Sajjad

2013-01-01

77

Synthesis, characterization and evaluation of silver nanoparticles through leaves of Abrus precatorius L.: an important medicinal plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biologically synthesized nanoparticles have been widely used in the field of medicine. The present study reports the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Abrus precatorius leaf extract with silver nitrate solution as reducing agent. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were analyzed through UV-Visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, atomic force microscopy and Fourier transform infrared. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were disk shaped with an average size of 19 nm. These silver nanoparticles were evaluated for antibacterial activity. The diameter of inhibition zones around the disk of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus are resistant to silver nanoparticles, whereas Escherichia coli and Bacillus thuringiensis are susceptible when compared with the other two species. The results were compared with the ciprofloxacin-positive control and silver nitrate. It is concluded that the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles is very fast, easy, cost-effective and eco-friendly and without any side effects.

Gaddala, Bhumi; Nataru, Savithramma

2014-03-01

78

The morphology of silver nanoparticles prepared by enzyme-induced reduction  

PubMed Central

Summary Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by an enzyme-induced growth process on solid substrates. In order to customize the enzymatically grown nanoparticles (EGNP) for analytical applications in biomolecular research, a detailed study was carried out concerning the time evolution of the formation of the silver nanoparticles, their morphology, and their chemical composition. Therefore, silver-nanoparticle films of different densities were investigated by using scanning as well as transmission electron microscopy to examine their structure. Cross sections of silver nanoparticles, prepared for analysis by transmission electron microscopy were additionally studied by energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy in order to probe their chemical composition. The surface coverage of substrates with silver nanoparticles and the maximum particle height were determined by Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy. Variations in the silver-nanoparticle films depending on the conditions during synthesis were observed. After an initial growth state the silver nanoparticles exhibit the so-called desert-rose or nanoflower-like structure. This complex nanoparticle structure is in clear contrast to the auto-catalytically grown spherical particles, which maintain their overall geometrical appearance while increasing their diameter. It is shown, that the desert-rose-like silver nanoparticles consist of single-crystalline plates of pure silver. The surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopic (SERS) activity of the EGNP structures is promising due to the exceptionally rough surface structure of the silver nanoparticles. SERS measurements of the vitamin riboflavin incubated on the silver nanoparticles are shown as an exemplary application for quantitative analysis.

Schuler, Thomas; Strelau, Katharina K; Weber, Karina; Cialla, Dana; Diegel, Marco; Mattheis, Roland; Berger, Andreas; Moller, Robert; Popp, Jurgen

2012-01-01

79

Silver Nanoparticles Part 2: BDo Silver Nanoparticles Inhibit Bacterial Growth?  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NACK Center is an organization committed to supporting two âÂÂyear degree programs in micro and nanotechnology. The center offers online educational material for curriculum enhancement in this subject field. One of these resources is a lab documentation focusing on the topic of silver nanoparticles. The lab "may be used with a middle school through high school biology class.â The lesson includes objectives, sample solution preparations, and sample data and calculations. Overall, the objectives of this lesson are to practice aseptic techniques to inoculate/grow bacteria and describe the impact of silver nanoparticles on bacterial growth. The site requires a free log-in for access to the material.

2010-03-31

80

Using Silver Nanoparticles as an Antimicrobial Agent  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a Antimicrobial and antifungal properties of silver nanoparticles, silver ions, acrylate paint and cotton fabric impregnated\\u000a with Ag nanoparticles were assessed against Escherichia coli (Gram-negative bacterium); Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus subtilis (Gram-positive bacteria); Aspergillus niger, Aureobasidium pullulans and Penicillium phoeniceum (cosmopolitan saprotrophic fungi). The silver ions used in the bacterial susceptibility tests were released from pure silver\\u000a electrodes using a 12

R. R. Khaydarov; R. A. Khaydarov; S. Evgrafova; Y. Estrin

81

Antibacterial properties of novel poly(methyl methacrylate) nanofiber containing silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) nanofiber containing silver nanoparticles was synthesized by radical-mediated dispersion polymerization and applied to an antibacterial agent. UV-vis spectroscopic analysis indicated that the silver nanoparticles were continually released from the polymer nanofiber in aqueous solution. The antibacterial properties of silver/PMMA nanofiber against both Gram-negative (Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) bacteria were evaluated using minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), the modified Kirby-Bauer method, and a kinetic test. The MIC test demonstrated that the silver/PMMA nanofiber had enhanced antimicrobial efficacy compared to that of silver sulfadiazine and silver nitrate at the same silver concentration. PMID:18225933

Kong, Hyeyoung; Jang, Jyongsik

2008-03-01

82

Silver nanoparticles dispersed in polyaniline matrixes coated on titanium substrate as a novel electrode for electro-oxidation of hydrazine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles dispersed in polyaniline matrixes coated on titanium substrate, as a novel electrode, was easily synthesized\\u000a by electro-polymerization of aniline on titanium and then electrodeposited silver nanoparticles on PAni electrode. The electrochemical\\u000a behavior and electro-catalytic activity of silver nanoparticles\\/PAni\\/Ti electrodes were characterized by cyclic voltammetry.\\u000a The morphology of silver nanoparticles on PAni\\/Ti electrodes were characterized by scanning electron microscopy

Mirghasem HosseiniMohamad; Mohamad Mohsen Momeni

2010-01-01

83

Supramolecular chirality of cysteine modified silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles (?45nm) were prepared by citrate reduction of AgNO3 and modified with cysteine and N-, C- and S-protected cysteine derivatives. Based on interpretation of absorption and circular dichroism spectra in UV–Vis range, unusual chiral architecture of modified silver nanoparticles (independently on the cysteine enantiomer used) was uncovered. This phenomenon was observed even after modification of silver nanoparticles with racemate

Pavel ?ezanka; Kamil Záruba; Vladimír Král

2011-01-01

84

Agricultural waste Annona squamosa peel extract: Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Development of reliable and eco-friendly process for the synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is an important step in the field of application of nanotechnology. We have developed modern method by using agriculture waste to synthesize silver nanoparticles by employing an aqueous peel extract of Annona squamosa in AgNO3. Controlled growth of silver nanoparticles was formed in 4 h at room temperature (25 °C) and 60 °C. AgNPs were irregular spherical in shape and the average particle size was about 35 ± 5 nm and it is consistent with particle size obtained by XRD Scherer equation.

Kumar, Rajendran; Roopan, Selvaraj Mohana; Prabhakarn, Arunachalam; Khanna, Venkatesan Gopiesh; Chakroborty, Subhendu

2012-05-01

85

Banana peel extract mediated novel route for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Bio-inspired silver nanoparticles were synthesized with the aid of a novel, non-toxic, eco-friendly biological material namely, banana peel extract (BPE). Boiled, crushed, acetone precipitated, air-dried peel powder was used for reducing silver nitrate. Silver nanoparticles were formed when the reaction conditions were altered with respect to pH, BPE content, concentration of silver nitrate and incubation temperature. The colorless reaction mixtures

Ashok Bankar; Bhagyashree Joshi; Ameeta Ravi Kumar; Smita Zinjarde

2010-01-01

86

Development of antimicrobial water filtration hybrid material from bio source calcium carbonate and silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biobased calcium carbonate and silver hybrid nanoparticles were synthesized using a simple mechanochemical milling technique. The XRD spectrum showed that the hybrid materials is composed of crystalline calcite and silver nanoparticles. The TEM results indicated that the silver nanoparticles are discrete, uncapped and well stabilized in the surface of the eggshell derived calcium carbonate particles. The silver nanoparticles are spherical in shape and 5-20 nm in size. The SEM studies indicated that the eggshells are in micron size with the silver nanoparticle embedded in their surface. The hybrid eggshell/silver nanocomposite exhibited superior inhibition of E. coli growth using the Kirby-Bauer discs diffusion assay and comparing the zone of inhibition around the filter paper disc impregnated with the hybrid particles against pristine silver nanoparticles.

Apalangya, Vitus; Rangari, Vijaya; Tiimob, Boniface; Jeelani, Shaik; Samuel, Temesgen

2014-03-01

87

Antibacterial Activity of pH-Dependent Biosynthesized Silver Nanoparticles against Clinical Pathogen  

PubMed Central

Simple, nontoxic, environmental friendly method is employed for the production of silver nanoparticles. In this study the synthesized nanoparticles UV absorption band occurred at 400?nm because of the surface Plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles. The pH of the medium plays important role in the synthesis of control shaped and sized nanoparticles. The colour intensity of the aqueous solution varied with pH. In this study, at pH 9, the colour of the aqueous solution was dark brown, whereas in pH 5 the colour was yellowish brown; the colour difference in the aqueous solution occurred due to the higher production of silver nanoparticles. The antibacterial activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles was carried out against E. coli. The silver nanoparticles synthesized at pH 9 showed maximum antibacterial activity at 50??L.

Chitra, Kethirabalan; Annadurai, Gurusamy

2014-01-01

88

Rapid biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using plant leaf extracts.  

PubMed

Five plant leaf extracts (Pine, Persimmon, Ginkgo, Magnolia and Platanus) were used and compared for their extracellular synthesis of metallic silver nanoparticles. Stable silver nanoparticles were formed by treating aqueous solution of AgNO(3) with the plant leaf extracts as reducing agent of Ag(+) to Ag(0). UV-visible spectroscopy was used to monitor the quantitative formation of silver nanoparticles. Magnolia leaf broth was the best reducing agent in terms of synthesis rate and conversion to silver nanoparticles. Only 11 min was required for more than 90% conversion at the reaction temperature of 95 degrees C using Magnolia leaf broth. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized with inductively coupled plasma spectrometry (ICP), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and particle analyzer. The average particle size ranged from 15 to 500 nm. The particle size could be controlled by changing the reaction temperature, leaf broth concentration and AgNO(3) concentration. This environmentally friendly method of biological silver nanoparticles production provides rates of synthesis faster or comparable to those of chemical methods and can potentially be used in various human contacting areas such as cosmetics, foods and medical applications. PMID:18438688

Song, Jae Yong; Kim, Beom Soo

2009-01-01

89

Bioinspired synthesis of highly stabilized silver nanoparticles using Ocimum tenuiflorum leaf extract and their antibacterial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biosynthesis of nanoparticles is under exploration due to wide biomedical applications and research interest in nanotechnology. We herein reports bioinspired synthesis of silver nanoparticles with the aid of novel, non toxic ecofriendly biological material namely Ocimum tenuiflorum leaf extract. It acts as reducing as well as stabilizing agent. An intense surface plasmon resonance band at ˜450 nm in the UV-visible spectrum clearly reveals the formation of silver nanoparticles. The photoluminescence spectrum was recorded to study excitation and emission. TEM and PSD by dynamic light scattering studies showed that size of silver nanoparticles to be in range 25-40 nm. Face centered cubic structure of silver nanoparticles are confirmed by SAED pattern. The charge on synthesized silver nanoparticles was determined by zeta potential. The colloidal solution of silver nanoparticles were found to exhibit high antibacterial activity against three different strains of bacteria Escherichia coli (Gram negative), Corney bacterium (gram positive), Bacillus substilus (spore forming).

Patil, Rupali S.; Kokate, Mangesh R.; Kolekar, Sanjay S.

2012-06-01

90

Mycosynthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles and their activity against some human pathogenic bacteria.  

PubMed

The aim of this study was to biosynthesis silver nanoparticles from the fungus Nigrospora sphaerica isolated from soil samples and to examine their activity against five human pathogenic strains of bacteria viz. Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi and Staphylococcus aureus using disc diffusion method. The synergistic effect of silver nanoparticles in combination with commonly used antibiotic Gentamycin against the selected bacteria was also examined. The synthesized silver nanoparticles from free-cell filtrate were characterized by using UV-Vis spectrophotometer analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). UV-Vis spectrophotometer analysis showed a peak at 420 nm indicating the synthesis of silver nanoparticles, FTIR analysis verified the detection of protein capping of silver nanoparticles while SEM micrographs revealed that the silver nanoparticles are dispersed and aggregated and mostly having spherical shape within the size range between 20 and 70 nm. The synthesized silver nanoparticles exhibited a varied growth inhibition activity (15-26 mm diam inhibition zones) against the tested pathogenic bacteria. A remarkable increase of bacterial growth inhibition (26-34 mm diam) was detected when a combination of silver nanoparticles and Gentamycin was used. A significant increase in fold area of antibacterial activity was observed when AgNPs in combination with Gentamycin was applied. The synthesized silver nanoparticles produced by the fungus N. sphaerica is a promising to be used as safe drug in medical therapy due to their broad spectrum against pathogenic bacteria. PMID:24627178

Muhsin, Tawfik M; Hachim, Ahmad K

2014-07-01

91

Synthesis and characterization of dextran-capped silver nanoparticles with enhanced antibacterial activity.  

PubMed

Dextran-capped silver nanoparticles were synthesized by reducing silver nitrate with NaBH4 in the presence of dextran as capping agent. The characters of silver nanoparticles were investigated using UV-Vis spectrophotometer, nano-grainsize analyzer, X-ray diffraction, and transmission electron microscopy. Results showed that the silver nanoparticles capped with dextran were in uniform shape and narrow size distribution. Moreover, compared with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-capped silver nanoparticles, the dextran-capped ones possessed better stability. Antibacterial tests of these silver nanoparticles were carried out for Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Staphylococcus epidermidis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Results suggested that the dextran-capped silver nanoparticles had high antibacterial activity against both Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. In addition, the cytotoxicity in vitro of the dextran-capped silver nanoparticles was investigated using mouse fibrosarcoma cells (L929). The toxicity was evaluated by the changes of cell morphology and 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-tetrazolium bromide assay. Results indicated that these silver nanoparticles had slight effect on the survival and proliferation of L-929 cells at their minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC). After modified by dextran, the physiochemical properties of the silver nanoparticles had been improved. We anticipated that these dextran-capped silver nanoparticles could be integrated into systems for biological and pharmaceutical applications. PMID:22852305

Yang, Guili; Lin, Qiuxia; Wang, Chunren; Li, Junjie; Wang, Jian; Zhou, Jin; Wang, Yan; Wang, Changyong

2012-05-01

92

Interaction of silver nanoparticles with HIV-1  

PubMed Central

The interaction of nanoparticles with biomolecules and microorganisms is an expanding field of research. Within this field, an area that has been largely unexplored is the interaction of metal nanoparticles with viruses. In this work, we demonstrate that silver nanoparticles undergo a size-dependent interaction with HIV-1, with nanoparticles exclusively in the range of 1–10 nm attached to the virus. The regular spatial arrangement of the attached nanoparticles, the center-to-center distance between nanoparticles, and the fact that the exposed sulfur-bearing residues of the glycoprotein knobs would be attractive sites for nanoparticle interaction suggest that silver nanoparticles interact with the HIV-1 virus via preferential binding to the gp120 glycoprotein knobs. Due to this interaction, silver nanoparticles inhibit the virus from binding to host cells, as demonstrated in vitro.

Elechiguerra, Jose Luis; Burt, Justin L; Morones, Jose R; Camacho-Bragado, Alejandra; Gao, Xiaoxia; Lara, Humberto H; Yacaman, Miguel Jose

2005-01-01

93

Amorphous silicon coatings with silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We describe a plasma-ion sputtering technology for obtaining amorphous silicon coatings containing dispersed silver nanoparticles with average dimensions of 20-30 nm. Results of X-ray diffraction and electron-microscopic investigations of these coatings are presented, and a possible mechanism of silver nano-particle formation from 2- to 3-nm-sized nanoclusters is considered.

Tuleushev, Yu. Zh.; Volodin, V. N.; Zhakanbaev, E. A.; Zdorovets, M. V.

2013-11-01

94

Interaction of silver nanoparticles with Tacaribe virus  

Microsoft Academic Search

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Silver nanoparticles possess many unique properties that make them attractive for use in biological applications. Recently they received attention when it was shown that 10 nm silver nanoparticles were bactericidal, which is promising in light of the growing number of antibiotic resistant bacteria. An area that has been largely unexplored is the interaction of nanomaterials with viruses and

Janice L Speshock; Richard C Murdock; Laura K Braydich-Stolle; Amanda M Schrand; Saber M Hussain

2010-01-01

95

Differential interaction of silver nanoparticles with cysteine  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the characteristics of cysteine on a solid surface is an important issue in protein study and amino acid analysis. Therefore, cysteine was selected as a model biomolecule to study the interaction with plasmonic silver nanoparticles. In this study, we report the differential interaction of cysteine with silver nanoparticles synthesised by Lee and Meisel (using citrate as reductant), and modified

Aswathy Ravindran; Sindhu Priya Dhas; N. Chandrasekaran; Amitava Mukherjee

2012-01-01

96

Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Neem Leaf (Azadirachta indica) Extract  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles were successfully synthesized using crude neem leaf (Azadirachta indica) extract at room temperature. The formation and crystallinity of synthesized silver nanoparticles was confirmed by X-Ray diffraction (XRD) pattern. The average size of these silver nanoparticles is about 20-50 nm as observed by Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images. Optical absorption measurements were performed to determine band-edge energy gap of these silver nanoparticles. Photoluminescence (PL) studies were performed to emphasize its emission properties. The synthesized silver nanoparticles could have major applications in the area of nanoscale optoelectronics devices and biomedical engineering. Our synthesis method has advantage over other conventional chemical routes because it is cost effective & environmental compatibility.

Shukla, Vineet Kumar; Pandey, Shipra; Pandey, Avinash C.

2010-10-01

97

Immobilization of silver nanoparticles on polyethylene terephthalate  

PubMed Central

Two different procedures of grafting with silver nanoparticles (AgNP) of polyethylene terephthalate (PET), activated by plasma treatment, are studied. In the first procedure, the PET foil was grafted with biphenyl-4,4?-dithiol and subsequently with silver nanoparticles. In the second one, the PET foil was grafted with silver nanoparticles previously coated with the same dithiol. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and electrokinetic analysis were used for characterization of the polymer surface at different modification steps. Silver nanoparticles were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy and by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The first procedure was found to be more effective. It was proved that the dithiol was chemically bonded to the surface of the plasma-activated PET and that it mediates subsequent grafting of the silver nanoparticles. AgNP previously coated by dithiol bonded to the PET surface much less.

2014-01-01

98

Origanum vulgare mediated biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles for its antibacterial and anticancer activity.  

PubMed

In the present study, we achieved silver nanoparticles using the aqueous extract of Origanum vulgare (Oregano) by reducing 1mM silver nitrate (AgNO3) solution. The green synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by high throughput techniques like UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field emission-scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and dynamic light scattering measurements. Morphologically, the nanoparticles were found to be spherical with an average particle size distribution of 136±10.09nm. FT-IR spectral analysis illustrates the occurrence of possible biomolecules required for the reduction of silver ions. The obtained nanoparticles were stable (-26±0.77mV) at ambient temperature. The biosynthesized nanoparticles were found to be impressive in inhibiting human pathogens. The green synthesized silver nanoparticles showed dose dependent response against human lung cancer A549 cell line (LD50 - 100?g/ml). PMID:23537829

Sankar, Renu; Karthik, Arunachalam; Prabu, Annamalai; Karthik, Selvaraju; Shivashangari, Kanchi Subramanian; Ravikumar, Vilwanathan

2013-08-01

99

Synthesis and characterization of agar-based silver nanoparticles and nanocomposite film with antibacterial applications.  

PubMed

This study describes the synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles and nanocomposite material using agar extracted from the red alga Gracilaria dura. Characterization of silver nanoparticles was carried out based on UV-Vis spectroscopy (421 nm), transmission electron microscopy, EDX, SAED and XRD analysis. The thermal stability of agar/silver nanocomposite film determined by TGA and DSC analysis showed distinct patterns when compared with their raw material (agar and AgNO(3)). The TEM findings revealed that the silver nanoparticles synthesized were spherical in shape, 6 nm in size with uniform dispersal. The synthesized nanoparticles had the great bactericidal activity with reduction of 99.9% of bacteria over the control value. The time required for synthesis of silver nanoparticles was found to be temperature dependent and higher the temperature less the time for nanoparticles formation. DSC and XRD showed approximately the same crystalline index (CI(DSC) 0.73). PMID:22244898

Shukla, Mahendra K; Singh, Ravindra Pal; Reddy, C R K; Jha, Bhavanath

2012-03-01

100

Quenching dynamics promoted by silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have studied fluorescence quenching by electron transfer between tris(2,2?-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) complex and methyl viologen in solutions containing silver nanoparticles. The Stern–Volmer plot and transient absorbance indicate that both dynamic and static mechanisms are involved in the quenching. In the presence of silver nanoparticles, reverse saturable absorption at silver surfaces has promoted the quenching process by populating the excited triplet state

I-Yin Sandy Lee; Honoh Suzuki

2008-01-01

101

Synthesis and properties of silver nanoparticles: advances and prospects  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Conventional and novel syntheses of silver nanoparticles are considered, their advantages and shortcomings are analysed. Attention is focused on the shape-controlled methods of preparation of nanosized particles. The unique optical and antibacterial properties of nanosilver and related applications are discussed.

Krutyakov, Yu A.; Kudrinskiy, A. A.; Olenin, A. Yu; Lisichkin, G. V.

2008-03-01

102

Synthesis and properties of silver nanoparticles: advances and prospects  

Microsoft Academic Search

Conventional and novel syntheses of silver nanoparticles are considered, their advantages and shortcomings are analysed. Attention is focused on the shape-controlled methods of preparation of nanosized particles. The unique optical and antibacterial properties of nanosilver and related applications are discussed.

Yu A. Krutyakov; A. A. Kudrinskiy; A. Yu Olenin; G. V. Lisichkin

2008-01-01

103

Investigation of size distribution of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, we present a physical methodology of preparing silver nanoparticles suspended in the deionized water. For this purpose, we apply the DC spark method and present the size distribution (by Zetasizer) and optical properties (by UV/VIS) of the nanoparticles in two different voltages. The obtained results using the DC spark method show that the fabrication of silver nanoparticles in deionized water without any surfactants and stabilizers is relatively cheap and pollution free. Using the method, we could prepare the silver nanoparticles smaller than 5 nm.

Khordad, R.; Vakili, M. R.; Bijanzadeh, A. R.

2012-02-01

104

Synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using leaf extract of Perilla frutescens--a biogenic approach.  

PubMed

The present investigation demonstrates a rapid biogenic approach for the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using biologically active and medicinal important Perilla frutescens leaf extract as a reducing and stabilizing agent under ambient conditions. Gold and silver nanoparticles were first synthesized from Perilla frutescens leaf extract which was used as a vegetable and in traditional medicines for a long time in Korea, Japan, and China. The nanoparticles obtained were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Surface plasmon resonance spectra of gold and silver nanoparticles were obtained at 540 and 430 nm and triangular and spherical shape respectively. TEM studies showed that the particle sizes of gold and silver nanoparticles ranges -50 nm and -40 nm respectively. X-ray diffraction studies confirm that the biosynthesized nanoparticles were crystalline gold and silver. Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy revealed that biomolecules were involved in the synthesis and capping of the nanoparticles produced. XRD and EDX confirmed the formation of gold and silver nanoparticles. This is a simple, efficient and rapid method to synthesize gold and silver nanoparticles at room temperature without use of toxic chemicals. Obtained gold and silver nanoparticles can be used in various biomedical and biotechnological applications. PMID:24738399

Basavegowda, Nagaraj; Lee, Yong Rok

2014-06-01

105

Complexation of porphyrins with silver and zeolite nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

It is known that nanoparticles of colloidal silver and zeolites due to the porosity have an extremely large specific surface, which is an order of magnitude increases their sorption capacity. Previously we synthesized a set of water-soluble cationic porphyrins and metalloporphyrins and in the laboratory in vitro had shown their high effectiveness against the various cancer cell lines, and against a variety of microorganisms. The aim of this work was to study of processes sorption/desorption of porphyrins on nanoparticles of silver and zeolites. The interaction of cationic porphyrins with silver nanoparticles of 20 nm diameter was studied in the visible spectrum, in the range 350-800 nm. Investigation of sorption dynamics of porphyrins in the silver nanoparticles using two porphyrins: a) meso-tetra (4-N-butyl pyridyl) porphyrin (TBut4PyP), b) Ag-TBut4PyP, as well as of photosensitizer Al-phthalocyanine was carried out. Analysis of the dynamics of change in the absorption spectra for porphyrins TBut4PyP, Ag-TBut4PyP, Zn-TBut4PyP and Zn-TOEt4PyP by adding of nanoparticles of colloidal silver and zeolites leads to the conclusions: 1. nanoparticles of colloidal silver and zeolites are promising adsorbents for cationic porphyrins (sorption of 55-60% and 90-95%, respectively); 2. sorbents stable long (at least 24 hours) keeps the cationic porphyrins; 3. on nanoparticles of colloidal silver and zeolites an anionic and neutral porphyrins not be adsorbed or adsorbed bad.

Gyulkhandanyan, Anna G.; Ghazaryan, Robert K.; Gasparyan, Vardan K.; Sargsyan, Hakob O.; Madoyan, Roza A.; Gyulkhandanyan, Aram G.; Paronyan, Marina H.; Stasheuski, Alexandr S.; Knyukshto, Valery N.; Dzhagarov, Boris M.; Gyulkhandanyan, Grigor V.

2013-05-01

106

Silver nanoparticles: synthesis and size control by electron irradiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by irradiating solutions, prepared by mixing AgNO3 and poly-vinyl alcohol (PVA), with 6 MeV electrons. The electron-irradiated solutions and the thin coatings cast from them were characterized using the ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis), x-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) techniques. During electron irradiation, the process of formation of the silver nanoparticles appeared to be initiated at an electron fluence of ~2 × 1013 e cm-2. This was evidenced from the solution, which turned yellow and exhibited the characteristic plasmon absorption peak around 455 nm. Silver nanoparticles of different sizes in the range 60-10 nm, with a narrow size distribution, could be synthesized by varying the electron fluence from 2 × 1013 to 3 × 1015 e cm-2. Silver nanoparticles of sizes in the range 100-200 nm were also synthesized by irradiating an aqueous AgNO3 solution with 6 MeV electrons.

Bogle, K. A.; Dhole, S. D.; Bhoraskar, V. N.

2006-07-01

107

Preparation of silver nanoparticles using tryptophan and its formation mechanism.  

PubMed

A non-toxic route was used for the preparation of silver nanoparticles using tryptophan (Trp) as reducing/stabilizing agent in the presence of cetyltrimethyl ammonium bromide (CTAB). Role of water soluble neutral polymer poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) has been studied on the growth of yellow colour silver nanoparticle formation. The synthesized nanostructures were characterized by UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM) by observing the size and distribution of silver nanoparticles. As the reaction proceeded, particles grew up to about 10 and 20 nm in the presence and absence of PVP, respectively, as determined by TEM. The formed nanoparticles showed the highest absorption plasmon band at 425 nm. Rate of silver sol formation increases with the [Trp], [CTAB] and [PVP], reaching a limiting value and then decreases with the increase in concentrations of these reagents. It was observed that nanoparticles are spherical, aggregated and poly dispersed in the absence and presence of PVP, respectively. On the basis of kinetic data, a suitable mechanism is proposed and discussed for the silver sol formation. PMID:20801004

Zaheer, Zoya; Malik, Maqsood Ahmad; Al-Nowaiser, F M; Khan, Zaheer

2010-12-01

108

Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles by a Laser–Liquid–Solid Interaction Technique  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles of high chemical homogeneity have been synthesized by a novel laser–liquid–solid interaction technique from a solution composed of silver nitrate, distilled water, ethylene glycol, and diethylene glycol. Rotating nickel, niobium, stainless steel, and ceramic Al2O3 substrates were irradiated using a continuous-wave CO2 laser and Q-switched Nd–YAG laser (? = 1064 and 532 nm). The silver nanoparticles were characterized

D. Poondi; R. Subramanian; M. Otooni; J. Singh

1998-01-01

109

Synthesis and characterization of silver and gold nanoparticles in ionic liquid  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we report the reduction of silver and gold salts by methanolic solution of sodium borohydride in tetrazolium based ionic liquid as a solvent at 30 °C leads to pure phase of silver and gold nanoparticles. Silver and gold nanoparticles so-prepared were well characterized by powder X-ray diffraction measurements (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and QELS. XRD analysis revealed all relevant Bragg's reflection for crystal structure of silver and gold metal. XRD spectra also revealed no oxidation of silver nanoparticles to silver oxide. TEM showed nearly uniform distribution of the particles in methanol and it was confirmed by QELS. Silver and gold nanoparticles in ionic liquid can be easily synthesized and are quite stable too.

Singh, Prashant; Kumari, Kamlesh; Katyal, Anju; Kalra, Rashmi; Chandra, Ramesh

2009-07-01

110

Nanosecond laser ablation of silver nanoparticle film  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanosecond laser ablation of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) protected silver nanoparticle (20 nm diameter) film is studied using a frequency doubled Nd:YAG nanosecond laser (532 nm wavelength, 6 ns full width half maximum pulse width). In the sintered silver nanoparticle film, absorbed light energy conducts well through the sintered porous structure, resulting in ablation craters of a porous dome shape or crown shape depending on the irradiation fluence due to the sudden vaporization of the PVP. In the unsintered silver nanoparticle film, the ablation crater with a clean edge profile is formed and many coalesced nanoparticles of 50 to 100 nm in size are observed inside the ablation crater. These results and an order of magnitude analysis indicate that the absorbed thermal energy is confined within the nanoparticles, causing melting of nanoparticles and their coalescence to larger agglomerates, which are removed following melting and subsequent partial vaporization.

Chung, Jaewon; Han, Sewoon; Lee, Daeho; Ahn, Sanghoon; Grigoropoulos, Costas P.; Moon, Jooho; Ko, Seung H.

2013-02-01

111

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from Tribulus terrestris and its antimicrobial activity: a novel biological approach.  

PubMed

In the recent decades, increased development of green synthesis of nanoparticles is inevitable because of its incredible applications in all fields of science. There were numerous work have been produced based on the plant and its extract mediated synthesis of nanoparticles, in this present study to explore that the novel approaches for the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using plant fruit bodies. The plant, Tribulus terrestris L. fruit bodies are used in this study, where the dried fruit body extract was mixed with silver nitrate in order to synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The active phytochemicals present in the plant were responsible for the quick reduction of silver ion (Ag(+)) to metallic silver nanoparticles (Ag(0)). The reduced silver nanoparticles were characterized by Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Atomic Force Microscope (AFM), XRD, FTIR, UV-vis spectroscopy. The spherical shaped silver nanoparticles were observed and it was found to be 16-28 nm range of sizes. The diffraction pattern also confirmed that the higher percentage of silver with fine particles size. The antibacterial property of synthesized nanoparticles was observed by Kirby-Bauer method with clinically isolated multi-drug resistant bacteria such as Streptococcus pyogens, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus. The plant materials mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles have comparatively rapid and less expensive and wide application to antibacterial therapy in modern medicine. PMID:22521683

Gopinath, V; MubarakAli, D; Priyadarshini, S; Priyadharsshini, N Meera; Thajuddin, N; Velusamy, P

2012-08-01

112

Distribution of silver in rats following 28 days of repeated oral exposure to silver nanoparticles or silver acetate  

PubMed Central

Background The study investigated the distribution of silver after 28 days repeated oral administration of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and silver acetate (AgAc) to rats. Oral administration is a relevant route of exposure because of the use of silver nanoparticles in products related to food and food contact materials. Results AgNPs were synthesized with a size distribution of 14 ± 4 nm in diameter (90% of the nanoparticle volume) and stabilized in aqueous suspension by the polymer polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP). The AgNPs remained stable throughout the duration of the 28-day oral toxicity study in rats. The organ distribution pattern of silver following administration of AgNPs and AgAc was similar. However the absolute silver concentrations in tissues were lower following oral exposure to AgNPs. This was in agreement with an indication of a higher fecal excretion following administration of AgNPs. Besides the intestinal system, the largest silver concentrations were detected in the liver and kidneys. Silver was also found in the lungs and brain. Autometallographic (AMG) staining revealed a similar cellular localization of silver in ileum, liver, and kidney tissue in rats exposed to AgNPs or AgAc. Using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), nanosized granules were detected in the ileum of animals exposed to AgNPs or AgAc and were mainly located in the basal lamina of the ileal epithelium and in lysosomes of macrophages within the lamina propria. Using energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy it was shown that the granules in lysosomes consisted of silver, selenium, and sulfur for both AgNP and AgAc exposed rats. The diameter of the deposited granules was in the same size range as that of the administered AgNPs. No silver granules were detected by TEM in the liver. Conclusions The results of the present study demonstrate that the organ distribution of silver was similar when AgNPs or AgAc were administered orally to rats. The presence of silver granules containing selenium and sulfur in the intestinal wall of rats exposed to either of the silver forms suggests a common mechanism of their formation. Additional studies however, are needed to gain further insight into the underlying mechanisms of the granule formation, and to clarify whether AgNPs dissolve in the gastrointestinal system and/or become absorbed and translocate as intact nanoparticles to organs and tissues.

2011-01-01

113

Cytotoxic Potential of Silver Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been widely used in industrial, household, and healthcare-related products due to their excellent antimicrobial activity. With increased exposure of AgNPs to human beings, the risk of safety has attracted much attention from the public and scientists. In review of recent studies, we discuss the potential impact of AgNPs on individuals at the cell level. In detail, we highlight the main effects mediated by AgNPs on the cell, such as cell uptake and intracellular distribution, cytotoxicity, genotoxicity, and immunological responses, as well as some of the major factors that influence these effects in vivo and in vivo, such as dose, time, size, shape, surface chemistry, and cell type. At the end, we summarize the main influences on the cell and indicate the challenges in this field, which may be helpful for assessing the risk of AgNPs in future.

Zhang, Tianlu; Wang, Liming

2014-01-01

114

A novel one-pot ‘green’ synthesis of stable silver nanoparticles using soluble starch  

Microsoft Academic Search

Stable silver nanoparticles have been synthesized by using soluble starch as both the reducing and stabilizing agents; this reaction was carried out in an autoclave at 15psi, 121°C for 5min. Nanoparticles thus prepared are found to be stable in aqueous solution over a period of three months at room temperature (?25°C). The size of these nanoparticles was found to be

N. Vigneshwaran; R. P. Nachane; R. H. Balasubramanya; P. V. Varadarajan

2006-01-01

115

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using tea leaf extract from Camellia Sinensis  

PubMed Central

The development of the biological synthesis of nanoparticles using microorganisms or plant extracts plays an important role in the field of nanotechnology as it is environmentally friendly and does not involve any harmful chemicals. In this study, the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using the leaves extract of Chinese tea from Camellia sinensis is reported. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The XRD analysis shows that the synthesized silver nanoparticles are of face-centered cubic structure. Well-dispersed silver nanoparticles with an approximate size of 4 nm were observed in the TEM image. The application of the green synthesized nanoparticles can be used in many fields such as cosmetics, foods, and medicine.

Loo, Yuet Ying; Chieng, Buong Woei; Nishibuchi, Mitsuaki; Radu, Son

2012-01-01

116

Influence of pH on the properties of PVA capped silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction method using ascorbic acid as reductant and PVA as surfactant and studied the pH influence on the structural, compositional and optical properties of silver nanoparticles. Broadened XRD peaks confirmed the formation of small nanosized silver nanoparticles with face centered cubic (FCC) structure. The particle size decreased with increasing pH value. We have observed blue shift of Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) band from optical absorption spectra. The obtained nanoparticles were well dispersed in water, ethanol and polar solvents and thus more suitable for biocompatible.

Ajitha, B.; Reddy, P. Sreedhara

2013-06-01

117

Biological synthesis of very small silver nanoparticles by culture supernatant of Klebsiella pneumonia: The effects of visible-light irradiation and the liquid mixing process  

SciTech Connect

This study has investigated different visible-light irradiation's effect on the formation of silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate using the culture supernatant of Klebsiella pneumonia. Our study shows that visible-light emission can significantly prompt the synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Also, the study experimentally investigated the liquid mixing process effect on silver nanoparticle synthesis by visible-light irradiation. This study successfully synthesized uniformly dispersed silver nanoparticles with a uniform size and shape in the range of 1-6 nm with an average size of 3 nm. Furthermore, the study investigated the mechanism of the reduction of silver ions by culture supernatant of K. pneumonia, and used X-ray diffraction to characterize silver chloride as an intermediate compound. Silver chloride was prepared synthetically and used as a substrate for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles by culture supernatant of K. pneumonia. The silver nanoparticles have been prepared from silver chloride during this investigation for the first time.

Mokhtari, Narges [Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Biotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Daneshpajouh, Shahram; Seyedbagheri, Seyedali; Atashdehghan, Reza [Hydrometallurgy Research Unit, Research and Development Center, National Iranian Copper Industries Company, Sarcheshmeh, Rafsanjan (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Abdi, Khosro [Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Biotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Sarkar, Saeed [Research Center for Science and Technology in Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Minaian, Sara [Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Biotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shahverdi, Hamid Reza [Department of Material Science, Faculty of Engineering, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of); Shahverdi, Ahmad Reza, E-mail: shahverd@sina.tums.ac.ir [Department of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology and Biotechnology Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

2009-06-03

118

A novel green one-step synthesis of silver nanoparticles using chitosan: catalytic activity and antimicrobial studies  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Stable silver nanoparticles were synthesized using chitosan acting as both reducing and stabilizing agent without using any toxic chemicals. This reaction was carried out in an autoclave at a pressure of 15 psi and 120 °C temperature by varying the time. The influence of different parameters such as time, change of concentration of silver nitrate and concentration of chitosan on the formation of silver nanoparticles were studied. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared, X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. The results of catalytic reduction of 4-nitrophenol by sodium borohydride in the presence of green synthesized silver nanoparticles were presented. The antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles was tested against Escherichia coli and Micrococcus luteus and was found to be possessing inhibiting property.

Venkatesham, Maragoni; Ayodhya, Dasari; Madhusudhan, Alle; Veera Babu, Nagati; Veerabhadram, Guttena

2014-01-01

119

Development of nanostructured silver vanadates decorated with silver nanoparticles as a novel antibacterial agent.  

PubMed

In this work we report the synthesis, characterization and application of silver vanadate nanowires decorated with silver nanoparticles as a novel antibacterial agent. These hybrid materials were synthesized by a precipitation reaction of ammonium vanadate and silver nitrate followed by hydrothermal treatment. The silver vanadate nanowires have lengths of the order of microns and diameters around 60 nm. The silver nanoparticles decorating the nanowires present a diameter distribution varying from 1 to 20 nm. The influence of the pH of the reaction medium on the chemical structure and morphology of silver vanadates was studied and we found that synthesis performed at pH 5.5-6.0 led to silver vanadate nanowires with a higher morphological yield. The antimicrobial activity of these materials was evaluated against three strains of Staphylococcus aureus and very promising results were found. The minimum growth inhibiting concentration value against a MRSA strain was found to be ten folds lower than for the antibiotic oxacillin. PMID:20378952

Holtz, R D; Souza Filho, A G; Brocchi, M; Martins, D; Durán, N; Alves, O L

2010-05-01

120

Preparation and characterization of size controllable spherical silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

By adjusting pH values of reactant system, the mass ratio of stabilizer/water and aging temperature, size controllable spherical silver nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized. The properties of silver NPs are characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and ultraviolet visible (UV-VIS) absorption spectra. Within the pH values of 7.0-11.0, the aging temperature of 80 °C is better to improve silver NPs in shape to nearly sphere, concentrate size distribution and reduce aggregation than the aging temperature of 25 °C. The shape and dispersibility of silver NPs are the best when the pH of the reactant system is within 7.0-8.0. With pH of 7.5, aging at 80 °C, and stabilizer/water mass ratio of 1%, the spherical silver NPs with sizes of 50-70 nm were synthesized. The results are promising to be used to synthesize core/shell NPs when silver NPs are as core.

Yang, Ai-ling; Li, Shun-pin; Wang, Yu-jin; Bao, Xi-chang; Yang, Ren-qiang

2014-05-01

121

Silver nanoparticle applications and human health  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanotechnology is rapidly growing with nanoparticles produced and utilized in a wide range of commercial products throughout the world. For example, silver nanoparticles (Ag NP) are used in electronics, bio-sensing, clothing, food industry, paints, sunscreens, cosmetics and medical devices. These broad applications, however, increase human exposure and thus the potential risk related to their short- and long-term toxicity. A large

Maqusood Ahamed; Mohamad S. AlSalhi; M. K. J. Siddiqui

2010-01-01

122

Biosynthesis of iron and silver nanoparticles at room temperature using aqueous sorghum bran extracts.  

PubMed

Iron and silver nanoparticles were synthesized using a rapid, single step, and completely green biosynthetic method employing aqueous sorghum extracts as both the reducing and capping agent. Silver ions were rapidly reduced by the aqueous sorghum bran extracts, leading to the formation of highly crystalline silver nanoparticles with an average diameter of 10 nm. The diffraction peaks were indexed to the face-centered cubic (fcc) phase of silver. The absorption spectra of colloidal silver nanoparticles showed a surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak centered at a wavelength of 390 nm. Amorphous iron nanoparticles with an average diameter of 50 nm were formed instantaneously under ambient conditions. The reactivity of iron nanoparticles was tested by the H(2)O(2)-catalyzed degradation of bromothymol blue as a model organic contaminant. PMID:21133391

Njagi, Eric C; Huang, Hui; Stafford, Lisa; Genuino, Homer; Galindo, Hugo M; Collins, John B; Hoag, George E; Suib, Steven L

2011-01-01

123

Silver nanoparticles embedded in amine-functionalized silicate sol–gel network assembly for sensing cysteine, adenosine and NADH  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles embedded in amine-functionalized silicate sol–gel network were synthesized and used for sensing biomolecules\\u000a such as cysteine, adenosine, and ?-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). The sensing of these biomolecules by the assembly\\u000a of silver nanoparticles was triggered by the optical response of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles.\\u000a The optical sensor exhibited the lowest detection limit (LOD)

Govindhan Maduraiveeran; Ramasamy Ramaraj

2011-01-01

124

Synthesis and applications of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Due to their unique properties, silver nanoparticles are used in a wide range of applications, like electronics, optics, catalysis, biology, etc. The preferred route for their preparation has been, and still is, the reduction of silver salts in solutions. While dedicated reducing agents, solvents, and dispersants are typically used in this approach, in some cases, the same additive (ex: polyols) may play multiple roles. Such dual-function additives are particularly interesting alternatives as they offer the possibility of replacing the undesirable reductants often used in conventional precipitation methods. In the current research, an environmentally friendly route to prepare stable concentrated aqueous dispersions of silver nanoparticles is investigated experimentally. It was found that Arabic gum, a well known stabilizing agent, can also rapidly and completely reduce Ag 2O to metallic silver in alkaline solutions (pH >12.0) and elevated temperature (65 °C). The average size of the silver nanoparticles could be tailored from 13 to 30 nm by varying the experimental conditions. To prepare stable metal colloids by chemical precipitation methods requires in most cases a high concentration of polymeric dispersants. Consequently, the particles are embedded in the organic matrix, which can not be removed without affecting the properties of the particles and/or the dispersion stability. This can have a negative effect in many applications. In this work, an enzymatic hydrolysis method for isolating the silver particles from dispersions containing high concentrations of polymer was identified. In addition, a chemical hydrolysis method yielding dispersed silver nanoparticles with low content of residual polymer for printable electronics applications is investigated. The low sintering temperature of silver nanoparticles and high electrical conductivity make them very attractive for the fabrication of conductive patterns especially for flexible electronic applications. In the final section of this thesis, the silver nanoparticles are deposited using inkjet printing technology with a Dimatix printer DMP -2831. Silver nanoparticles of 13 nm, 80 nm, and mixtures of the two sizes were used to evaluate the effect of particle size and size distribution on the electrical properties of sintered films. The silver layers deposited with a 'drop-on-demand' inkjet printer were heated at temperatures ranging from 125°C to 200°C. The small particles formed less resistive films at 125°C, while the larger ones provided better electrical conductivity above 150°C. The inks containing mixed small and large particles yielded the most conductive silver films over the entire investigated temperature range. A mechanism explaining these results is proposed based on the evolution of film microstructure with temperature.

Balantrapu, Krishna Chaitanya

125

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using marine macroalga Chaetomorpha linum  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present investigation demonstrates the formation of silver nanoparticles by the reduction of the aqueous silver metal ions during exposure to the seaweed ( Chaetomorpha linum) extract . The silver nanoparticles obtained were characterized by UV-visible spectrum, FTIR and scanning electron microscopy. The characteristic absorption peak at 422 nm in UV-vis spectrum confirmed the formation of silver nanoparticles. The colour intensity at 422 nm increased with duration of incubation. The size of nanoparticles synthesized varied from 3 to 44 nm with average of ~30 nm. The FTIR spectrum of C. linum extract showed peaks at 1,020, 1,112, 1,325, 1,512, 1,535, 1,610, 1,725, 1,862, 2,924, 3,330 cm-1. The vibrational bands corresponding to the bonds such as -C=C (ring), -C-O, -C-O-C and C=C (chain) are derived from water-soluble compounds such as amines, peptides, flavonoids and terpenoids present in C. linum extract. Hence, it may be inferred that these biomolecules are responsible for capping and efficient stabilization. Since no synthetic reagents were used in this investigation, it is environmentally safe and have potential for application in biomedicine and agriculture.

Kannan, R. Ragupathi Raja; Arumugam, R.; Ramya, D.; Manivannan, K.; Anantharaman, P.

2013-06-01

126

Silver nanoparticles: Large scale solvothermal synthesis and optical properties  

SciTech Connect

Silver nanoparticles have been successfully synthesized by a simple and modified solvothermal method at large scale using ethanol as the refluxing solvent and NaBH{sub 4} as reducing agent. The nanopowder was investigated by means of X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), UV-visible and BET surface area studies. XRD studies reveal the monophasic nature of these highly crystalline silver nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopic studies show the monodisperse and highly uniform nanoparticles of silver of the particle size of 5 nm, however, the size is found to be 7 nm using dynamic light scattering which is in good agreement with the TEM and X-ray line broadening studies. The surface area was found to be 34.5 m{sup 2}/g. UV-visible studies show the absorption band at {approx}425 nm due to surface plasmon resonance. The percentage yield of silver nanoparticles was found to be as high as 98.5%.

Wani, Irshad A.; Khatoon, Sarvari [Nanochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India)] [Nanochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India); Ganguly, Aparna [Nanochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India) [Nanochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India); Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016 (India); Ahmed, Jahangeer; Ganguli, Ashok K. [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016 (India)] [Department of Chemistry, Indian Institute of Technology, Hauz Khas, New Delhi 110016 (India); Ahmad, Tokeer, E-mail: tokeer.ch@jmi.ac.in [Nanochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India)] [Nanochemistry Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 110025 (India)

2010-08-15

127

A novel technique for synthesis of silver nanoparticles by laser-liquid interaction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Ultrafine particles of many materials have received much attention over the last few years by researchers because of their unique physical and mechanical properties due to increased surface area to volume ratio. A novel laser–liquid interaction technique has been developed to synthesize silver nanoparticles from inexpensive silver nitrate solution in distilled water. The shape, size distribution, microchemistry and crystal structure

R. Subramanian; P. E. Denney; J. Singh; M. Otooni

1998-01-01

128

Silver colloidal nanoparticles: antifungal effect against adhered cells and biofilms of Candida albicans and Candida glabrata  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of silver nanoparticles (SN) against Candida albicans and Candida glabrata adhered cells and biofilms. SN (average diameter 5 nm) were synthesized by silver nitrate reduction with sodium citrate and stabilized with ammonia. Minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) tests were performed for C. albicans (n = 2) and C. glabrata (n = 2) grown in suspension

D. R. Monteiro; L. F. Gorup; S. Silva; M. Negri; E. R. de Camargo; R. Oliveira; D. B. Barbosa; M. Henriques

2011-01-01

129

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from the marine seaweed Sargassum wightii and their antibacterial activity against some human pathogens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this paper, we have reported on biological synthesis of nano-sized silver and its antibacterial activity against human pathogens. The nanoparticles of silver were formed by the reduction of silver nitrate to aqueous silver metal ions during exposure to the extract of marine seaweed Sargassum wightii. The optical properties of the obtained silver nanoparticles were characterized using UV-visible absorption and room temperature photoluminescence. The X-ray diffraction results reveal that the synthesized silver nanoparticles are in the cubic phase. The existence of functional groups was identified using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The morphology and size of the synthesized particles were studied with atomic force microscope and high-resolution transmission electron microscope measurements. The synthesized nanoparticles have an effective antibacterial activity against S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, and S. typhi.

Shanmugam, N.; Rajkamal, P.; Cholan, S.; Kannadasan, N.; Sathishkumar, K.; Viruthagiri, G.; Sundaramanickam, A.

2013-09-01

130

Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of biogenic silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Biogenic silver nanoparticles with 40.3 ± 3.5 nm size and negative surface charge (- 40 mV) were prepared with Fusarium oxysporum. The cytotoxicity of 3T3 cell and human lymphocyte were studied by a TaliTM image-based cytometer and the genotoxicity through Allium cepa and comet assay. The results of BioAg-w (washed) and BioAg-nw (unwashed) biogenic silver nanoparticles showed cytotoxicity exceeding 50 ?g/mL with no significant differences of response in 5 and 10 ?g/mL regarding viability. Results of genotoxicity at concentrations 5.0 and 10.0 ug/mL show some response, but at concentrations 0.5 and 1.0 ?g/mL the washed and unwashed silver nanoparticles did not present any effect. This in an important result since in tests with different bacteria species and strains, including resistant, MIC (minimal inhibitory concentration) had good answers at concentrations less than 1.9 ?g/mL. This work concludes that biogenic silver nanoparticles may be a promising option for antimicrobial use in the range where no cyto or genotoxic effect were observed. Furthermore, human cells were found to have a greater resistance to the toxic effects of silver nanoparticles in comparison with other cells.

Lima, R.; Feitosa, L. O.; Ballottin, D.; Marcato, P. D.; Tasic, L.; Durán, N.

2013-04-01

131

Genotoxic analysis of silver nanoparticles in Drosophila.  

PubMed

Health risk assessment of nanomaterials is an emergent field, genotoxicity being an important endpoint to be tested. Since in vivo studies offer many advantages, such as the study of the bioavailability of nanomaterials to sensitive target cells, we propose Drosophila as a useful model for the study of the toxic and genotoxic risks associated with nanoparticle exposure. In this work we have carried out a genotoxic evaluation of silver nanoparticles in Drosophila by using the wing somatic mutation and recombination test. This test is based on the principle that loss of heterozygosis and the corresponding expression of the suitable recessive markers, multiple wing hairs and flare-3, can lead to the formation of mutant clones in larval cells, which are expressed as mutant spots on the wings of adult flies. Silver nanoparticles were supplied to third instar larvae at concentrations ranging from 0.1-10 mM. The results showed that small but significant increases in the frequency of total spots were observed, thus indicating that silver nanoparticles were able to induce genotoxic activity in the wing spot assay of D. melanogaster, mainly via the induction of somatic recombination. These positive results obtained with silver nanoparticles contrast with the negative findings obtained when silver nitrate was tested. PMID:21039182

Demir, E?ref; Vales, Gerard; Kaya, Bülent; Creus, Amadeu; Marcos, Ricardo

2011-09-01

132

Study of mechanism of enhanced antibacterial activity by green synthesis of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The extensive use of silver nanoparticles needs a synthesis process that is greener without compromising their properties. The present study describes a novel green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Guava (Psidium guajava) leaf extract. In order to compare with the conventionally synthesized ones, we also prepared Ag-NPs by chemical reduction. Their optical and morphological characteristics were thoroughly investigated and tested for their antibacterial properties on Escherichia coli. The green synthesized silver nanoparticles showed better antibacterial properties than their chemical counterparts even though there was not much difference between their morphologies. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis of the used extract and as-synthesized silver nanoparticles suggests the possible reduction of Ag(+) by the water-soluble ingredients of the guava leaf like tannins, eugenol and flavonoids. The possible reaction mechanism for the reduction of Ag(+) has been proposed and discussed. The time-dependent electron micrographs and the simulation studies indicated that a physical interaction between the silver nanoparticles and the bacterial cell membrane may be responsible for this effect. Based on the findings, it seems very reasonable to believe that this greener way of synthesizing silver nanoparticles is not just an environmentally viable technique but it also opens up scope to improve their antibacterial properties. PMID:21918296

Parashar, Upendra Kumar; Kumar, Vinod; Bera, Tanmay; Saxena, Preeti S; Nath, Gopal; Srivastava, Sunil K; Giri, Rajiv; Srivastava, Anchal

2011-10-14

133

Study of mechanism of enhanced antibacterial activity by green synthesis of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The extensive use of silver nanoparticles needs a synthesis process that is greener without compromising their properties. The present study describes a novel green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Guava (Psidium guajava) leaf extract. In order to compare with the conventionally synthesized ones, we also prepared Ag-NPs by chemical reduction. Their optical and morphological characteristics were thoroughly investigated and tested for their antibacterial properties on Escherichia coli. The green synthesized silver nanoparticles showed better antibacterial properties than their chemical counterparts even though there was not much difference between their morphologies. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopic analysis of the used extract and as-synthesized silver nanoparticles suggests the possible reduction of Ag + by the water-soluble ingredients of the guava leaf like tannins, eugenol and flavonoids. The possible reaction mechanism for the reduction of Ag + has been proposed and discussed. The time-dependent electron micrographs and the simulation studies indicated that a physical interaction between the silver nanoparticles and the bacterial cell membrane may be responsible for this effect. Based on the findings, it seems very reasonable to believe that this greener way of synthesizing silver nanoparticles is not just an environmentally viable technique but it also opens up scope to improve their antibacterial properties.

Parashar, Upendra Kumar; Kumar, Vinod; Bera, Tanmay; Saxena, Preeti S.; Nath, Gopal; Srivastava, Sunil K.; Giri, Rajiv; Srivastava, Anchal

2011-10-01

134

Circular dichroism study of chiral biomolecules conjugated with silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chiral biomolecules conjugated with silver nanoparticles were investigated by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Silver nanoparticles were prepared by the citrate reduction method and were characterized by UV spectroscopy and TEM. Conjugation of thiol group-containing biomolecules, such as cysteine, glutathione and penicillamine, with silver nanoparticles resulted in the generation of new characteristic CD signals in the region of 240-400 nm, whereas

Taihua Li; Hyun Gyu Park; Hee-Seung Lee; Seong-Ho Choi

2004-01-01

135

Bacterial flagella as biotemplate for the synthesis of silver nanoparticle impregnated bionanomaterial  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study was carried out to synthesize one dimensional silver nanoparticle impregnated flagellar bionanomaterial. Flagella was isolated from Salmonella typhimurium and depolymerised into flagellin monomers. The flagellin monomers were repolymerised again into flagella using suitable technique. The molecular weight of native (NF) and polymerized flagella (PF) was determined using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The NF and PF were used as a template, over which silver nanoparticles were impregnated using in situ chemical reduction process. The synthesized flagellar-silver nanoparticle bionanomaterials were characterized using UV-vis, FT-IR Raman and XRD spectroscopy, and High resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The characterization studies confirmed the attachment of silver nanoparticles over flagella and repolymerised flagella. The size of the silver nanoparticles on the flagella and repolymerised flagella varied and was in the range of 3-11 nm. I-V characteristics of the bionanomaterials were analyzed using Kethley meter which indicated the increase of conductivity after impregnation of silver nanoparticles. The results indicated that flagellar-silver nanoparticle bionanomaterials can be used as a potential one dimensional bionanomaterials for various applications.

Gopinathan, Priya; Ashok, Anuradha M.; Selvakumar, R.

2013-07-01

136

Honey mediated green synthesis of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The paper reports the pH controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles using honey as reducing and stabilizing agents. By adjusting the pH of the aqueous solution containing metal ions and honey, nanoparticles of various size could be obtained at room temperature. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible, high-resolution TEM, XRD and FTIR measurements. The colloid obtained at a pH of 8.5 is found to consist of monodispersed and nearly spherical silver nanoparticles of size approximately 4 nm which is a significant advancement in biosynthesis. The high crystallinity with fcc phase is evidenced by clear lattice fringes in the high-resolution TEM image and peaks in the XRD pattern corresponding to (111), (200), (220), (311) and (222) planes. FTIR spectrum indicates that the nanoparticles are bound to protein through the carboxylate ion group. PMID:20060777

Philip, Daizy

2010-03-01

137

Honey mediated green synthesis of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The paper reports the pH controlled synthesis of silver nanoparticles using honey as reducing and stabilizing agents. By adjusting the pH of the aqueous solution containing metal ions and honey, nanoparticles of various size could be obtained at room temperature. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible, high-resolution TEM, XRD and FTIR measurements. The colloid obtained at a pH of 8.5 is found to consist of monodispersed and nearly spherical silver nanoparticles of size ˜4 nm which is a significant advancement in biosynthesis. The high crystallinity with fcc phase is evidenced by clear lattice fringes in the high-resolution TEM image and peaks in the XRD pattern corresponding to (1 1 1), (2 0 0), (2 2 0), (3 1 1) and (2 2 2) planes. FTIR spectrum indicates that the nanoparticles are bound to protein through the carboxylate ion group.

Philip, Daizy

2010-03-01

138

Facile size-regulated synthesis of silver nanoparticles using pectin.  

PubMed

Monodispersed silver nanoparticles capped by pectin were prepared by the reaction of silver nitrate with alkali hydrolyzed pectin at 70°C for 30min. Spherical and size-regulated silver nanoparticles were prepared using alkali hydrolyzed pectin as a reducing and particle-stabilizing agent. This approach is facile, effective, rapid, and convenient for the large scale preparation of silver nanoparticles. UV-visible spectral analysis confirmed that the nanoparticles consisted of metallic silver. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to estimate particle size and size distribution of the produced silver nanoparticles. Transmission electron microscopy and size distribution analysis revealed the presence of spherical silver nanoparticles with a main diameter of 5-10nm and have a narrow size distribution. The concentration of reducing sugars was monitored by using dinitrosalicylic acid. A comprehensive schematic mechanism for the formation of silver nanoparticles using pectin is proposed. PMID:25037438

Zahran, M K; Ahmed, Hanan B; El-Rafie, M H

2014-10-13

139

Mechanism of growth of colloidal silver nanoparticles stabilized by polyvinyl pyrrolidone in ?-irradiated silver nitrate solution  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles were prepared by using polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) as a stabilizer and ?-irradiation. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) results showed that both the amount and the molecular weight of PVP in the irradiated solution considerably affect the average size of the silver nanoparticles. The average size of the silver nanoparticles decreases with increasing the amount of PVP in the solution,

Hyeon Suk Shin; Hyun Jung Yang; Seung Bin Kim; Mu Sang Lee

2004-01-01

140

Development and Antibacterial Activity of Cashew Gum-Based Silver Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

The present study describes the development of a green synthesis of silver nanoparticles reduced and stabilized by exuded gum from Anacardium occidentale L. and evaluates in vitro their antibacterial and cytotoxic activities. Characterization of cashew gum-based silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was carried out based on UV–Vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and dynamic light scattering analysis which revealed that the synthesized silver nanoparticles were spherical in shape, measuring about 4 nm in size with a uniform dispersal. AgNPs presented antibacterial activity, especially against Gram-negative bacteria, in concentrations where no significant cytotoxicity was observed.

Quelemes, Patrick V.; Araruna, Felipe B.; de Faria, Bruna E. F.; Kuckelhaus, Selma A. S.; da Silva, Durcilene A.; Mendonca, Ronaldo Z.; Eiras, Carla; dos S. Soares, Maria Jose; Leite, Jose Roberto S. A.

2013-01-01

141

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles and the optical properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles (NPs) of 5-15 nm are synthesized with the reduction of silver nitrate (AgNO3) by formaldehyde (HCHO) and using polyethylenemine (PEI) as a stabilizer. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis shows the size of the Ag NPs increases with the increase of HCHO contents. The absorption and emission peaks of the original colloids are red shifted with increasing the size of Ag NPs. The absorption and emission peaks are at 344 nm, 349 nm, 357 nm, 362 nm, 364 nm and 444 nm, 458 nm, 519 nm, 534 nm, 550 nm, respectively. The fluorescence intensities of the silver colloids increase with increasing the NPs size (or the contents of HCHO). With the diluted fold increasing, the fluorescence intensity of the diluted silver colloids increases firstly then decreases. Compared with that of the original silver colloids, the emission peaks are blue shifted. For the diluted silver colloids, when the fluorescence intensity is maximum, the emission peaks are all near 444 nm. The 16-fold diluted silver colloid gets to the maximum emission intensity when the mole ratio of AgNO3 and HCHO is 1:6.

Yang, Ai-ling; Zhang, Zhen-zhen; Yang, Yun; Bao, Xi-chang; Yang, Ren-qiang

2013-01-01

142

Silver-doped calcium phosphate nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, and toxic effects toward mammalian and prokaryotic cells.  

PubMed

Spherical silver-doped calcium phosphate nanoparticles were synthesized in a co-precipitation route from calcium nitrate/silver nitrate and ammonium phosphate in a continuous process and colloidally stabilized by carboxymethyl cellulose. Nanoparticles with 0.39 wt% silver content and a diameter of about 50-60 nm were obtained. The toxic effects toward mammalian and prokaryotic cells were determined by viability tests and determination of the minimal inhibitory and minimal bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC). Three mammalian cells lines, i.e. human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSC) and blood peripheral mononuclear cells (PBMC, monocytes and T-lymphocytes), and two prokaryotic strains, i.e. Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) were used. Silver-doped calcium phosphate nanoparticles and silver acetate showed similar effect toward mammalian and prokaryotic cells with toxic silver concentrations in the range of 1-3 ?g mL(-1). PMID:23107950

Peetsch, Alexander; Greulich, Christina; Braun, Dieter; Stroetges, Christian; Rehage, Heinz; Siebers, Bettina; Köller, Manfred; Epple, Matthias

2013-02-01

143

Green, microwave-assisted synthesis of silver nanoparticles using bamboo hemicelluloses and glucose in an aqueous medium.  

PubMed

A green, straightforward, microwave-assisted method of synthesizing silver nanoparticles in an aqueous medium was developed using bamboo hemicelluloses as stabilizer and glucose as reducer. The effects of irradiation time as well as initial concentrations of hemicelluloses, glucose, and AgNO(3) on the silver nanoparticle formation were studied. The silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). The results indicated the formation of spherical, nanometer-sized particles. The reaction parameters significantly affected the formation rate, size and distribution of the silver nanoparticles. The average particle size was 8.3-14.8 nm based on TEM analysis. XRD analysis revealed that the particles calcined at 300 °C were face-centered cubic. XPS characterization showed that silver Ag(0) coexisted with silver Ag(I). The synthesis process of silver nanoparticles was rapid and eco-friendly. PMID:23044142

Peng, Hong; Yang, Anshu; Xiong, Jianghua

2013-01-01

144

Radiolytically induced formation and optical absorption spectra of colloidal silver nanoparticles in supercritical ethane  

Microsoft Academic Search

Colloidal silver nanoparticles were synthesized in supercritical ethane at 80 {sup o}C and 80-120 bar, with methanol as cosolvent. Solvated electrons, produced by a pulse of 20 MeV electrons, reduced the silver ions. The time-resolved technique of pulse radiolysis was employed to characterize the reduction products and colloidal metallic particles. The absorption spectra of small silver clusters (Agâ{sup +}, Agâ{sup

Nada M. Dimitrijevic; David M. Bartels; Charles D. Jonah; Kenji Takahashi; Tijana Rajh

2001-01-01

145

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Alternanthera dentata leaf extract at room temperature and their antimicrobial activity.  

PubMed

A green rapid biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles AgNPs using Alternanthera dentata (A. dentata) aqueous extract was demonstrated in this present study. The formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) at 430nm using UV-visible spectrophotometer. The reduction of silver ions to silver nanoparticles by A. dentata extract was completed within 10min. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy; Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The extracellular silver nanoparticles synthesis by aqueous leaf extract demonstrates rapid, simple and inexpensive method comparable to chemical and microbial methods. The colloidal solution of silver nanoparticles were found to exhibit antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia and, Enterococcus faecalis. PMID:24632169

Kumar, Deenadayalan Ashok; Palanichamy, V; Roopan, Selvaraj Mohana

2014-06-01

146

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Alternanthera dentata leaf extract at room temperature and their antimicrobial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A green rapid biogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles AgNPs using Alternanthera dentata (A. dentata) aqueous extract was demonstrated in this present study. The formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) at 430 nm using UV-visible spectrophotometer. The reduction of silver ions to silver nanoparticles by A. dentata extract was completed within 10 min. Synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy; Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The extracellular silver nanoparticles synthesis by aqueous leaf extract demonstrates rapid, simple and inexpensive method comparable to chemical and microbial methods. The colloidal solution of silver nanoparticles were found to exhibit antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia and, Enterococcus faecalis.

Kumar, Deenadayalan Ashok; Palanichamy, V.; Roopan, Selvaraj Mohana

2014-06-01

147

Growth mechanism of silver nanowires synthesized by polyvinylpyrrolidone-assisted polyol reduction  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver (Ag) nanowires with a pentagonal cross section have been synthesized by polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)-assisted polyol reduction in the presence of Pt nanoparticle seeds. The UV-visible absorption spectra and scanning electron microscopy have been used to trace the growth process of the Ag nanowires. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy investigation further shows that the PVP molecules are adsorbed on the surface of the

Yan Gao; Peng Jiang; Li Song; Lifeng Liu; Xiaoqin Yan; Zhenping Zhou; Dongfang Liu; Jianxiong Wang; Huajun Yuan; Zengxing Zhang; Xiaowei Zhao; Xinyuan Dou; Weiya Zhou; Gang Wang; Sishen Xie

2005-01-01

148

Chitosan and silver nanoparticles: Promising anti-toxoplasma agents.  

PubMed

Toxoplasmosis is a worldwide infection caused by obligate intracellular protozoan parasite which is Toxoplasma gondii. Chitosan and silver nanoparticles were synthesized to be evaluated singly or combined for their anti-toxoplasma effects as prophylaxis and as treatment in the experimental animals. Results were assessed through studying the parasite density and the ultrastructural parasite changes, and estimation of serum gamma interferon. Weight of tissue silver was assessed in different organs. Results showed that silver nanoparticles used singly or combined with chitosan have promising anti-toxoplasma potentials. The animals that received these compounds showed statistically significant decrease in the mean number of the parasite count in the liver and the spleen, when compared to the corresponding control group. Light microscopic examination of the peritoneal exudates of animals receiving these compounds showed stoppage of movement and deformity in shape of the tachyzoites, whereas, by scanning electron microscope, the organisms were mutilated. Moreover, gamma interferon was increased in the serum of animals receiving these compounds. All values of silver detected in different tissues were within the safe range. Thus, these nanoparticles proved their effectiveness against the experimental Toxoplasma infection. PMID:24852215

Gaafar, M R; Mady, R F; Diab, R G; Shalaby, Th I

2014-08-01

149

Bacterial inactivation using silver-coated magnetic nanoparticles as functional antimicrobial agents  

PubMed Central

The ability for silver nanoparticles to function as an antibacterial agent while being separable from the target fluids is important for bacterial inactivation in biological fluids. This report describes the analysis of the antimicrobial activities of silver-coated magnetic nanoparticles synthesized by wet chemical methods. The bacterial inactivation of several types of bacteria was analyzed, including Gram-positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter cloacae, and Escherichia coli). The results have demonstrated the viability of the silver-coated magnetic nanoparticles for achieving effective bacterial inactivation efficiency comparable to and better than silver nanoparticles conventionally used. The bacteria inactivation efficiency of our MZF@Ag nanoparticles were also determined for blood platelets samples, demonstrating the potential of utilization in inactivating bacterial growth in platelets prior to transfusion to ensure blood product safety, which also has important implications for enabling the capability of effective separation, delivery and targeting of the antibacterial agents.

Wang, Lingyan; Luo, Jin; Shan, Shiyao; Crew, Elizabeth; Yin, Jun; Zhong, Chuan-Jian; Wallek, Brandi; Wong, Season

2011-01-01

150

Hyaluronan- and heparin-reduced silver nanoparticles with antimicrobial properties  

PubMed Central

Aims Silver nanoparticles exhibit unique antibacterial properties that make these ideal candidates for biological and medical applications. We utilized a clean method involving a single synthetic step to prepare silver nanoparticles that exhibit antimicrobial activity. Materials & methods These nanoparticles were prepared by reducing silver nitrate with diaminopyridinylated heparin (DAPHP) and hyaluronan (HA) polysaccharides and tested for their efficacy in inhibiting microbial growth. Results & discussion The resulting silver nanoparticles exhibit potent antimicrobial activity against Staphylococcus aureus and modest activity against Escherichia coli. Silver–HA showed greater antimicrobial activity than silver–DAPHP, while silver–glucose nanoparticles exhibited very weak antimicrobial activity. Neither HA nor DAPHP showed activity against S. aureus or E. coli. Conclusion These results suggest that DAPHP and HA silver nanoparticles have potential in antimicrobial therapeutic applications.

Kemp, Melissa M; Kumar, Ashavani; Clement, Dylan; Ajayan, Pulickel; Mousa, Shaker

2009-01-01

151

Anti-cancer studies of noble metal nanoparticles synthesized using different plant extracts  

Microsoft Academic Search

Biofunctionalized gold and silver nanoparticles synthesized using different plant extracts of guava and clove in vitro anti-cancer\\u000a efficacy against four different cancer cell lines human colorectal adenocarcinoma, human kidney, human chronic myelogenous,\\u000a leukemia, bone marrow, and human cervix have been studied and reported. The present experimental study suggests that flavonoids\\u000a functionalized gold nanoparticles synthesized using aqueous clove buds extract are

Deshpande Raghunandan; Bhat Ravishankar; Ganachari Sharanbasava; D. Bedre Mahesh; Vasanth Harsoor; Manjunath S. Yalagatti; M. Bhagawanraju; A. Venkataraman

152

Silver nanoparticles tolerant bacteria from sewage environment.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticle (SNP) is a threat to soil, water and human health. Protection of environment from silver nanoparticles is a major concern. A sewage isolate, Bacillus pumilus treated with SNPs showed similar growth kinetics to that without nanoparticles. A reduction in the amount of exopolysaccharides was observed after SNPs--B. pumilus culture supernatant interaction. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) peaks for the exopolysaccharides extracted from the bacterial culture supernatant and the interacted SNPs were almost similar. The exopolysaccharide capping of the SNPs was confirmed by UV-Visible, FT-IR and X-ray diffraction analysis. The study of bacterial exopolysaccharides capped SNPs with E. coli, S. aureus and M. luteus showed less toxicity compared to uncoated SNPs. Our studies suggested that the capping of nanoparticles by bacterially produced exopolysaccharides serve as the probable mechanism of tolerance. PMID:21517011

Khan, Sudheer; Mukherjee, Amitava; Chandrasekaran, Natarajan

2011-01-01

153

Tin\\/silver alloy nanoparticles for low temperature lead-free interconnect applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

A chemical reduction method was used to synthesize tin\\/silver alloy nanoparticles with various sizes and their thermal properties were studied by differential scanning calorimetry. Both the particle size dependent melting temperature and latent heat of fusion have been observed. The melting point can be achieved as low as 194 °C when the diameter of the nanoparticles is around 10 nm.

Hongjin Jiang; Kyoung-sik Moon; Fay Hua; C. P. Wong

2007-01-01

154

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by gamma-ray irradiation in acetic water solution containing chitosan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by gamma-ray irradiation of acetic water solutions containing AgNO3 and chitosan. The resulting particles with the average diameter of 4 5 nm were densely dispersed in the solution due to the protection of chitosan chains. UV vis spectra showed that the irradiation dose would affect the size distribution of nanoparticles.

Peng Chen; Linyong Song; Yankuan Liu; Yue-E. Fang

2007-01-01

155

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles by ?-ray irradiation in acetic water solution containing chitosan  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by ?-ray irradiation of acetic water solutions containing AgNO3 and chitosan. The resulting particles with the average diameter of 4–5nm were densely dispersed in the solution due to the protection of chitosan chains. UV–vis spectra showed that the irradiation dose would affect the size distribution of nanoparticles.

Peng Chen; Linyong Song; Yankuan Liu; Yue-e Fang

2007-01-01

156

Glutathione promoted expeditious green synthesis of silver nanoparticles in water using microwaves  

EPA Science Inventory

Silver nanoparticles with size range 5-10 nm has been synthesized under microwave irradiation conditions using gluathione, an absolutely benign antioxidant that serves as the reducing as well as capping agent in aqueous medium. This rapid protocol yields the nanoparticles within ...

157

Effect of Accelerator in Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were successfully synthesized in the natural polymeric matrix. Silver nitrate, gelatin, glucose, and sodium hydroxide have been used as silver precursor, stabilizer, reducing agent, and accelerator reagent, respectively. This study investigated the role of NaOH as the accelerator. The resultant products have been confirmed to be Ag-NPs using powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), UV-vis spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The colloidal sols of Ag-NPs obtained at different volumes of NaOH show strong and different surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peaks, which can be explained from the TEM images of Ag-NPs and their particle size distribution. Compared with other synthetic methods, this work is green, rapid, and simple to use. The newly prepared Ag-NPs may have many potential applications in chemical and biological industries.

Darroudi, Majid; Ahmad, Mansor Bin; Abdullah, Abdul Halim; Ibrahim, Nor Azowa; Shameli, Kamyar

2010-01-01

158

Antimicrobial silver nanoparticles generated on cellulose nanocrystals  

Microsoft Academic Search

We describe a new approach to the formation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using cellulose nanocrystals. The process involves\\u000a periodate oxidation of cellulose nanocrystals, generating aldehyde functions which, in turn, are used to reduce Ag+ into Ag0 in mild alkaline conditions. The nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and ultraviolet–visible\\u000a absorption spectroscopy. From the microscope studies (TEM) we

Nicolas DrogatRobert; Robert Granet; Vincent Sol; Abdelmajid Memmi; Naïma Saad; Carmen Klein Koerkamp; Philippe Bressollier; Pierre Krausz

2011-01-01

159

CTAB capped silver nanoparticles for plasmonic dye-sensitized solar cell  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

To improve the light harvesting efficiency of Dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC), we have explored the surface plasmon property of metal nanoparticles in this paper. Cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) capped silver nanoparticles have been synthesized by wet chemical method and studied for spectroscopic and structural investigations. FTIR confirms the capping of CTAB on silver nanoparticles occurs via their head group. Williamson Hall plot revealed the presence of tensile strain. Finally, these particles have been incorporated in DSSC to study the plasmonic effect of nanoparticles on performance of DSSC.

Tanvi, Mahajan, Aman; Bedi, R. K.; Kumar, Subodh

2014-04-01

160

Biosynthesis, Antimicrobial and Cytotoxic Effect of Silver Nanoparticles Using a Novel Nocardiopsis sp. MBRC-1  

PubMed Central

The biosynthesis of nanoparticles has been proposed as a cost effective environmental friendly alternative to chemical and physical methods. Microbial synthesis of nanoparticles is under exploration due to wide biomedical applications, research interest in nanotechnology and microbial biotechnology. In the present study, an ecofriendly process for the synthesis of nanoparticles using a novel Nocardiopsis sp. MBRC-1 has been attempted. We used culture supernatant of Nocardiopsis sp. MBRC-1 for the simple and cost effective green synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The reduction of silver ions occurred when silver nitrate solution was treated with the Nocardiopsis sp. MBRC-1 culture supernatant at room temperature. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible, TEM, FE-SEM, EDX, FTIR, and XRD spectroscopy. The nanoparticles exhibited an absorption peak around 420?nm, a characteristic surface plasmon resonance band of silver nanoparticles. They were spherical in shape with an average particle size of 45 ± 0.15?nm. The EDX analysis showed the presence of elemental silver signal in the synthesized nanoparticles. The FTIR analysis revealed that the protein component in the form of enzyme nitrate reductase produced by the isolate in the culture supernatant may be responsible for reduction and as capping agents. The XRD spectrum showed the characteristic Bragg peaks of 1 2 3, 2 0 4, 0 4 3, 1 4 4, and 3 1 1 facets of the face centered cubic silver nanoparticles and confirms that these nanoparticles are crystalline in nature. The prepared silver nanoparticles exhibited strong antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi. Cytotoxicity of biosynthesized AgNPs against in vitro human cervical cancer cell line (HeLa) showed a dose-response activity. IC50 value was found to be 200??g/mL of AgNPs against HeLa cancer cells. Further studies are needed to elucidate the toxicity and the mechanism involved with antimicrobial and anticancer activity of the synthesized AgNPs as nanomedicine.

Manivasagan, Panchanathan; Senthilkumar, Kalimuthu; Sivakumar, Kannan; Kim, Se-Kwon

2013-01-01

161

Green synthesis of colloidal silver nanoparticles using natural rubber latex extracted from Hevea brasiliensis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Colloidal silver nanoparticles were synthesized by an easy green method using thermal treatment of aqueous solutions of silver nitrate and natural rubber latex (NRL) extracted from Hevea brasiliensis. The UV-Vis spectra detected the characteristic surface plasmonic absorption band around 435 nm. Both NRL and AgNO 3 contents in the reaction medium have influence in the Ag nanoparticles formation. Lower AgNO 3 concentration led to decreased particle size. The silver nanoparticles presented diameters ranging from 2 nm to 100 nm and had spherical shape. The selected area electron diffraction (SAED) patterns indicated that the silver nanoparticles have face centered cubic (fcc) crystalline structure. FTIR spectra suggest that reduction of the silver ions are facilitated by their interaction with the amine groups from ammonia, which is used for conservation of the NRL, whereas the stability of the particles results from cis-isoprene binding onto the surface of nanoparticles. Therefore natural rubber latex extracted from H. brasiliensis can be employed in the preparation of stable aqueous dispersions of silver nanoparticles acting as a dispersing and/or capping agent. Moreover, this work provides a new method for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles that is simple, easy to perform, pollutant free and inexpensive.

Guidelli, Eder José; Ramos, Ana Paula; Zaniquelli, Maria Elisabete D.; Baffa, Oswaldo

2011-11-01

162

Extracellular biosynthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Krishna tulsi ( Ocimum sanctum) leaf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Aqueous extract of Ocimum sanctum leaf is used as reducing agent for the environmentally friendly synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were characterized using UV-vis, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and FTIR analysis. These methods allow the synthesis of hexagonal gold nanoparticles having size ?30 nm showing two surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands by changing the relative concentration of HAuCl 4 and the extract. Broadening of SPR is observed at larger quantities of the extract possibly due to biosorption of gold ions. Silver nanoparticles with size in the range 10-20 nm having symmetric SPR band centered around 409 nm are obtained for the colloid synthesized at room temperature at a pH of 8. Crystallinity of the nanoparticles is confirmed from the XRD pattern. Biomolecules responsible for capping are different in gold and silver nanoparticles as evidenced by the FTIR spectra.

Philip, Daizy; Unni, C.

2011-05-01

163

Antibacterial activity of silver bionanocomposites synthesized by chemical reduction route  

PubMed Central

Background The aim of this study is to investigate the functions of polymers and size of nanoparticles on the antibacterial activity of silver bionanocomposites (Ag BNCs). In this research, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were incorporated into biodegradable polymers that are chitosan, gelatin and both polymers via chemical reduction method in solvent in order to produce Ag BNCs. Silver nitrate and sodium borohydride were employed as a metal precursor and reducing agent respectively. On the other hand, chitosan and gelatin were added as a polymeric matrix and stabilizer. The antibacterial activity of different sizes of silver nanoparticles was investigated against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria by the disk diffusion method using Mueller-Hinton Agar. Results The properties of Ag BNCs were studied as a function of the polymer weight ratio in relation to the use of chitosan and gelatin. The morphology of the Ag BNCs films and the distribution of the Ag NPs were also characterized. The diameters of the Ag NPs were measured and their size is less than 20 nm. The antibacterial trait of silver/chitosan/gelatin bionanocomposites was investigated. The silver ions released from the Ag BNCs and their antibacterial activities were scrutinized. The antibacterial activities of the Ag BNC films were examined against Gram-negative bacteria (E. coli and P. aeruginosa) and Gram-positive (S. aureus and M. luteus) by diffusion method using Muller-Hinton agar. Conclusions The antibacterial activity of Ag NPs with size less than 20 nm was demonstrated and showed positive results against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The Ag NPs stabilized well in the polymers matrix.

2012-01-01

164

Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using the fungus Fusarium semitectum  

SciTech Connect

Development of environmental friendly procedures for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles through biological processes is evolving into an important branch of nanobiotechnology. In this paper, we report on the use of fungus 'Fusarium semitectum' for the extracellular synthesis of silver nanoparticles from silver nitrate solution (i.e. through the reduction of Ag{sup +} to Ag{sup 0}). Highly stable and crystalline silver nanoparticles are produced in solution by treating the filtrate of the fungus F. semitectum with the aqueous silver nitrate solution. The formations of nanoparticles are understood from the UV-vis and X-ray diffraction studies. Transmission electron microscopy of the silver particles indicated that they ranged in size from 10 to 60 nm and are mostly spherical in shape. Interestingly the colloidal suspensions of silver nanoparticles are stable for many weeks. Possible medicinal applications of these silver nanoparticles are envisaged.

Basavaraja, S.; Balaji, S.D. [Department of Materials Science, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585106, Karnataka (India); Department of Chemistry, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585106, Karnataka (India); Lagashetty, Arunkumar [Appa Institute of Engineering and Technology, Gulbarga 585102, Karnataka (India); Rajasab, A.H. [Department of Botany, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585106, Karnataka (India); Venkataraman, A. [Department of Materials Science, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585106, Karnataka (India); Department of Chemistry, Gulbarga University, Gulbarga 585106, Karnataka (India)], E-mail: raman_chem@rediffmail.com

2008-05-06

165

Memecylon edule leaf extract mediated green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

We used an aqueous leaf extract of Memecylon edule (Melastomataceae) to synthesize silver and gold nanoparticles. To our knowledge, this is the first report where M. edule leaf broth was found to be a suitable plant source for the green synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles. On treatment of aqueous solutions of silver nitrate and chloroauric acid with M. edule leaf extract, stable silver and gold nanoparticles were rapidly formed. The gold nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX) and Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR). The kinetics of reduction of aqueous silver and gold ions during reaction with the M. edule leaf broth were easily analyzed by UV-visible spectroscopy. SEM analysis showed that aqueous gold ions, when exposed to M. edule leaf broth, were reduced and resulted in the biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles in the size range 20–50 nm. TEM analysis of gold nanoparticles showed formation of triangular, circular, and hexagonal shapes in the size range 10–45 nm. The resulting silver nanoparticles were predominantly square with uniform size range 50–90 nm. EDAX results confirmed the presence of triangular nanoparticles in the adsorption peak of 2.30 keV. Further FTIR analysis was also done to identify the functional groups in silver and gold nanoparticles. The characterized nanoparticles of M. edule have potential for various medical and industrial applications. Saponin presence in aqueous extract of M. edule is responsible for the mass production of silver and gold nanoparticles.

Elavazhagan, Tamizhamudu; Arunachalam, Kantha D

2011-01-01

166

Self-supported silver nanoparticles containing bacterial cellulose membranes  

Microsoft Academic Search

Hydrated bacterial cellulose (BC) membranes obtained from cultures of Acetobacter xylinum were used in the preparation of silver nanoparticles containing cellulose membranes. In situ preparation of Ag nanoparticles was achieved from the hydrolytic decomposition of silver triethanolamine (TEA) complexes. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) images and X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns both lead to the observation of spherical metallic silver particles with

Hernane S. Barud; Celina Barrios; Thais Regiani; Rodrigo F. C. Marques; Marc Verelst; Jeannette Dexpert-Ghys; Younes Messaddeq; Sidney J. L. Ribeiro

2008-01-01

167

Synthesis of gold nanoparticles and silver nanoparticles via green technology  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The proposed work describes the comparison of various methods of green synthesis for preparation of Gold and Silver nanoparticles. Pure extracts of Lemon (Citrus limon) and Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) were mixed with aqueous solution of auric tetrachloride and silver nitrate. The resultant solutions were treated with four common techniques to assist in the reduction namely photo catalytic, thermal, microwave assisted reduction and solvo - thermal reduction. UV - Visible Spectroscopy results and STM images of the final solutions confirmed the formation of stable metallic nanoparticles. A preliminary account of the green synthesis work is presented here.

Ahmed, Zulfiqaar; Balu, S. S.

2012-11-01

168

Inoculation of silicon nanoparticles with silver atoms  

PubMed Central

Silicon (Si) nanoparticles were coated inflight with silver (Ag) atoms using a novel method to prepare multicomponent heterostructured metal-semiconductor nanoparticles. Molecular dynamics (MD) computer simulations were employed, supported by high-resolution bright field (BF) transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and aberration-corrected scanning transmission electron microscopy (STEM) with a resolution ?0.1?nm in high angle annular dark field (HAADF) mode. These studies revealed that the alloying behavior and phase dynamics during the coating process are more complex than when attaching hetero-atoms to preformed nanoparticles. According to the MD simulations, Ag atoms condense, nucleate and diffuse into the liquid Si nanoparticles in a process that we term “inoculation”, and a phase transition begins. Subsequent solidification involves an intermediate alloying stage that enabled us to control the microstructure and crystallinity of the solidified hybrid heterostructured nanoparticles.

Cassidy, Cathal; Singh, Vidyadhar; Grammatikopoulos, Panagiotis; Djurabekova, Flyura; Nordlund, Kai; Sowwan, Mukhles

2013-01-01

169

Facile Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Under ?-Irradiation: Effect of Chitosan Concentration  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In the present study, a biopolymer, low molecular weight chitosan had been utilized as a ``green'' stabilizing agent for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles under ?-irradiation. The as-synthesized silver nanoparticles have particle diameters in the range of 5 nm-30 nm depending on the percentage of chitosan used (0.1 wt%, 0.5 wt%, 1.0 wt% & 2.0 wt%). It was found that the yield of the silver nanoparticles was in accordance with the concentration of chitosan presence in the solution due to the reduction by the chitosan radical during irradiation. The highly stable chitosan encapsulated silver nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-Visible spectrophotometer (UV-VIS) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD).

Huang, N. M.; Radiman, S.; Lim, H. N.; Khiew, P. S.; Chiu, W. S.; Tan, T. K.; Ahmad, A.; Idris, H.

2009-06-01

170

Gellan gum capped silver nanoparticle dispersions and hydrogels: cytotoxicity and in vitro diffusion studies.  

PubMed

The preparation of highly stable water dispersions of silver nanoparticles using the naturally available gellan gum as a reducing and capping agent is reported. Further, exploiting the gel formation characteristic of gellan gum silver nanoparticle incorporated gels have also been prepared. The optical properties, morphology, zeta potential and long-term stability of the synthesized silver nanoparticles were investigated. The superior stability of the gellan gum-silver nanoparticle dispersions against pH variation and electrolyte addition is revealed. Finally, we studied the cytotoxicity of AgNP dispersions in mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (NIH3T3) and also evaluated the in vitro diffusion of AgNP dispersions/gels across rat skin. PMID:22134682

Dhar, S; Murawala, P; Shiras, A; Pokharkar, V; Prasad, B L V

2012-01-21

171

Fabrication and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Delonix elata leaf broth  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The synthesis of nanoparticles from plant sources has proved to be an effective and alternative method for the novel production of nanoparticles. This paper reports the bioreduction of silver nitrate into silver nanoparticle by the leaf extract of Delonix elata. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) coupled with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). In addition the size of the NPs was calculated by using Malvern Zetasizer and the stability by zeta potential. UV-vis spectra show the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at 432 nm. This reveals the reduction of silver ions (Ag+) into silver (Ag°) and indicating the formation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). SEM analysis revealed the spherical shape of the particles with sizes in the range of 35-45 nm and EDS spectrum confirmed the presence of silver along with other elements in the plant metabolite. The XRD analysis showed that the AgNPs are crystalline in nature and have face-centered cubic structure. FT-IR spectra show the existence of biomolecules responsible for the reduction of silver nitrate. The size of the AgNPs estimated from particle size distribution curve shows the 70 nm. The zeta potential of AgNPs was found to be -18 mV, indicating the dispersion and stability.

Sathiya, C. K.; Akilandeswari, S.

2014-07-01

172

Fabrication and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Delonix elata leaf broth.  

PubMed

The synthesis of nanoparticles from plant sources has proved to be an effective and alternative method for the novel production of nanoparticles. This paper reports the bioreduction of silver nitrate into silver nanoparticle by the leaf extract of Delonix elata. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible (UV-vis) spectroscopy, Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) coupled with Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy (EDS), high resolution transmission electron microscope (HRTEM). In addition the size of the NPs was calculated by using Malvern Zetasizer and the stability by zeta potential. UV-vis spectra show the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at 432 nm. This reveals the reduction of silver ions (Ag(+)) into silver (Ag°) and indicating the formation of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). SEM analysis revealed the spherical shape of the particles with sizes in the range of 35-45 nm and EDS spectrum confirmed the presence of silver along with other elements in the plant metabolite. The XRD analysis showed that the AgNPs are crystalline in nature and have face-centered cubic structure. FT-IR spectra show the existence of biomolecules responsible for the reduction of silver nitrate. The size of the AgNPs estimated from particle size distribution curve shows the 70 nm. The zeta potential of AgNPs was found to be -18 mV, indicating the dispersion and stability. PMID:24681317

Sathiya, C K; Akilandeswari, S

2014-07-15

173

Silver nanoparticles enhance Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO1 biofilm detachment.  

PubMed

Abstract Objectives: Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with a size ranging from 7 to 70?nm were synthesized using the ascorbic acid-citrate seed-mediated growth approach at room temperature. Methods: The 8?nm silver particles were prepared using gallic acid in alkaline conditions and used as seed to prepare AgNPs. Results: The presence of ascorbic acid and citrate allows the regulation of size and size distribution of the nanoparticles. The increase in free silver ion-to-seed ratio (Ag(+)/Ag(0)) resulted in changes of particle shape from spherical to pseudo-spherical and minor cylindrical shape. Further, a repetitive seeding approach resulted in the formation of pseudo-spherical particles with higher polydispersity index and minor distributions of tetrahedral particles. Citrate-capped AgNPs were stable and did not agglomerate upon centrifugation. The effect of AgNPs on biofilm reduction was evaluated using static culture on 96-well microtiter plates. Results showed that AgNPs with the smallest average diameter were most effective in the reduction of Pseudomonas aeruginosa biofilm colonies, which accounted for 90% of removal. Conclusion: The biofilm removal activities of the nanoparticles were found to be concentration-independent particularly for the concentration within the range of 80-200?µg/mL. PMID:23594297

Loo, Ching-Yee; Young, Paul M; Cavaliere, Rosalia; Whitchurch, Cynthia B; Lee, Wing-Hin; Rohanizadeh, Ramin

2014-06-01

174

Biosynthesis and structural characterization of silver nanoparticles from bacterial isolates  

SciTech Connect

Graphical abstract: In this study five bacterial isolates belong to different genera were found to be able to biosynthesize silver nanoparticles. Biosynthesis and spectral characterization are reported here. Highlights: {yields} About 300 bacterial isolates were screened for their ability to produce nanosilvers {yields} Five of them were potential candidates for synthesis of silver nanoparticles {yields} Production of silver nanoparticles was examined using UV-Vis, XRD, SEM and EDS. {yields} The presence of nanoparticles with all five bacterial isolates was confirmed. -- Abstract: This study aimed to develop a green process for biosynthesis of silver nanomaterials by some Egyptian bacterial isolates. This target was achieved by screening an in-house culture collection consists of 300 bacterial isolates for silver nanoparticle formation. Through screening process, it was observed that strains belonging to Escherichia coli (S30, S78), Bacillus megaterium (S52), Acinetobacter sp. (S7) and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S54) were potential candidates for synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The extracellular production of silver nanoparticles by positive isolates was investigated by UV-Vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS). The results demonstrated that UV-visible spectrum of the aqueous medium containing silver ion showed a peak at 420 nm corresponding to the plasmon absorbance of silver nanoparticles. Scanning electron microscopy micrograph showed formation of silver nanoparticles in the range of 15-50 nm. XRD-spectrum of the silver nanoparticles exhibited 2{theta} values corresponding to the silver nanocrystal that produce in hexagonal and cubic crystal configurations with different plane of orientation. In addition, the signals of the silver atoms were observed by EDS-spectrum analysis that confirms the presence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in all positive bacterial isolates.

Zaki, Sahar, E-mail: saharzaki@yahoo.com [Environmental Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, 21934 New Burgelarab City (Egypt)] [Environmental Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, 21934 New Burgelarab City (Egypt); El Kady, M.F. [Fabrication Technology Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute (ATNMRI), Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria (Egypt)] [Fabrication Technology Department, Advanced Technology and New Materials Research Institute (ATNMRI), Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria (Egypt); Abd-El-Haleem, Desouky [Environmental Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, 21934 New Burgelarab City (Egypt)] [Environmental Biotechnology Department, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Research Institute, Mubarak City for Scientific Research and Technology Applications, Alexandria, 21934 New Burgelarab City (Egypt)

2011-10-15

175

Preparation of high-stable silver nanoparticle dispersion by using sodium alginate as a stabilizer under gamma radiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Highly stable silver nanoparticles were successfully synthesized by gamma ray irradiation in the presence of sodium alginate. The silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Their particle sizes were in the range of 6-30 nm. The as-obtained Ag nanoparticle dispersion was stable for over 6 months at room temperature.

Liu, Yusheng; Chen, Shimou; Zhong, Lei; Wu, Guozhong

2009-04-01

176

The role of silver nanoparticles on silver modified titanosilicate ETS10 in visible light photocatalysis  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticles of noble metals, such as silver and gold, have been investigated as one way to hinder the recombination of electrons and holes produced by irradiated semiconductors. However, the exact role silver plays in hindering electron–hole recombination is unclear. In order to assess the role of ionic silver, Ag+, and metallic silver, Ag0, on the potential photocatalytic activity of a

Zhaoxia Ji; Mariam N. Ismail; Dennis M. Callahan; Eko Pandowo; Zhuhua Cai; Trevor L. Goodrich; Katherine S. Ziemer; Juliusz Warzywoda; Albert Sacco

2011-01-01

177

Bioactivity of albumins bound to silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The last decade has witnessed a tremendous rise in the proposed applications of nanomaterials in the field of medicine due to their very attractive physiochemical properties and novel actions such as the ability to reach previously inaccessible targets such as brain. However biological activity of functional molecules bound to nanoparticles and its physiological consequences is still unclear and hence this area requires immediate attention. The functional properties of Human Serum Albumin (HSA) and Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) bound to silver nanoparticles (~60 nm) have been studied under physiological environment. Esterase activity, binding of drugs (warfarin and ibuprofen), antioxidant activity and copper binding by albumins was evaluated. The catalytic efficiencies of HSA and BSA diminished upon binding to silver nanoparticles. Perturbation in binding of warfarin and ibuprofen, loss of free sulphydryls, antioxidant activity and enhancement of copper binding were observed in albumins bound to nanoparticles. These alterations in functional activity of nanoparticle bound albumins which will have important consequences should be taken into consideration while using nanoparticles for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. PMID:24715529

Mariam, Jessy; Sivakami, S; Kothari, D C; Dongre, P M

2014-06-01

178

Shell crosslinked nanoparticles carrying silver antimicrobials as therapeutics†  

PubMed Central

Amphiphilic polymer nanoparticles loaded with silver cations or/and N-heterocyclic carbene–silver complexes were assessed as antimicrobial agents against Gram-negative pathogens Escherichia coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Li, Yali; Hindi, Khadijah; Watts, Kristin M.; Taylor, Jane B.; Zhang, Ke; Li, Zicheng

2010-01-01

179

Preparation and characterization of gelatin nanofibers containing silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized in formic acid aqueous solutions through chemical reduction. Formic acid was used for a reducing agent of Ag precursor and solvent of gelatin. Silver acetate, silver tetrafluoroborate, silver nitrate, and silver phosphate were used as Ag precursors. Ag+ ions were reduced into Ag NPs by formic acid. The formation of Ag NPs was characterized by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Ag NPs were quickly generated within a few minutes in silver nitrate (AgNO?)/formic acid solution. As the water content of formic acid aqueous solution increased, more Ag NPs were generated, at a higher rate and with greater size. When gelatin was added to the AgNO?/formic acid solution, the Ag NPs were stabilized, resulting in smaller particles. Moreover, gelatin limits further aggregation of Ag NPs, which were effectively dispersed in solution. The amount of Ag NPs formed increased with increasing concentration of AgNO? and aging time. Gelatin nanofibers containing Ag NPs were fabricated by electrospinning. The average diameters of gelatin nanofibers were 166.52 ± 32.72 nm, but these decreased with the addition of AgNO?. The average diameters of the Ag NPs in gelatin nanofibers ranged between 13 and 25 nm, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). PMID:24758929

Jeong, Lim; Park, Won Ho

2014-01-01

180

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles mediated by Pulicaria glutinosa extract  

PubMed Central

The green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles (NPs) has attracted tremendous attention in recent years because these protocols are low cost and more environmentally friendly than standard methods of synthesis. In this article, we report a simple and eco-friendly method for the synthesis of silver NPs using an aqueous solution of Pulicaria glutinosa plant extract as a bioreductant. The as-prepared silver NPs were characterized using ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. Moreover, the effects of the concentration of the reductant (plant extract) and precursor solution (silver nitrate), the temperature on the morphology, and the kinetics of reaction were investigated. The results indicate that the size of the silver NPs varied as the plant extract concentration increased. The as-synthesized silver NPs were phase pure and well crystalline with a face-centered cubic structure. Further, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy analysis confirmed that the plant extract not only acted as a bioreductant but also functionalized the NPs’ surfaces to act as a capping ligand to stabilize them in the solvent. The developed eco-friendly method for the synthesis of NPs could prove a better substitute for the physical and chemical methods currently used to prepare metallic NPs commonly used in cosmetics, foods, and medicines.

Khan, Mujeeb; Khan, Merajuddin; Adil, Syed Farooq; Tahir, Muhammad Nawaz; Tremel, Wolfgang; Alkhathlan, Hamad Z; Al-Warthan, Abdulrahman; Siddiqui, Mohammed Rafiq H

2013-01-01

181

Preparation and Characterization of Gelatin Nanofibers Containing Silver Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Ag nanoparticles (NPs) were synthesized in formic acid aqueous solutions through chemical reduction. Formic acid was used for a reducing agent of Ag precursor and solvent of gelatin. Silver acetate, silver tetrafluoroborate, silver nitrate, and silver phosphate were used as Ag precursors. Ag+ ions were reduced into Ag NPs by formic acid. The formation of Ag NPs was characterized by a UV-Vis spectrophotometer. Ag NPs were quickly generated within a few minutes in silver nitrate (AgNO3)/formic acid solution. As the water content of formic acid aqueous solution increased, more Ag NPs were generated, at a higher rate and with greater size. When gelatin was added to the AgNO3/formic acid solution, the Ag NPs were stabilized, resulting in smaller particles. Moreover, gelatin limits further aggregation of Ag NPs, which were effectively dispersed in solution. The amount of Ag NPs formed increased with increasing concentration of AgNO3 and aging time. Gelatin nanofibers containing Ag NPs were fabricated by electrospinning. The average diameters of gelatin nanofibers were 166.52 ± 32.72 nm, but these decreased with the addition of AgNO3. The average diameters of the Ag NPs in gelatin nanofibers ranged between 13 and 25 nm, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM).

Jeong, Lim; Park, Won Ho

2014-01-01

182

Synthesis and Study of Silver Nanoparticles  

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center

A laboratory experiment was conducted in which the students synthesized yellow colloidal silver, estimate particle size using visible spectroscopy and studied aggregation effects. The students were thus introduced to nanotechnology along with other topics such as redox chemistry, limiting and excess reactants, spectroscopy and atomic size.

Soloman, Sally D.; Bahadory, Mozghan; Jeyarajasingam, Aravindan V.; Rutkowsky, Susan A.; Boritz, Charles; Mulfinger, Lorraine

2007-01-01

183

Synergistic antibacterial effects of ?-lactam antibiotic combined with silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The bactericidal action of silver (0) nanoparticles and amoxicillin on Escherichia coli is studied, respectively. Increasing concentration of both amoxicillin (0-0.525 mg ml-1) and silver nanoparticles (0-40 µg ml-1) showed a higher antibacterial effect in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium. Escherichia coli cells have different bactericidal sensitivity to them. When amoxicillin and silver nanoparticles are combined, it results in greater bactericidal efficiency on Escherichia coli cells than when they were applied separately. Dynamic tests on bacterial growth indicated that exponential and stationary phases are greatly decreased and delayed in the synergistic effect of amoxicillin and silver nanoparticles. In addition, the effect induced by a preincubation with silver nanoparticles is examined. The results show that solutions with more silver nanoparticles have better antimicrobial effects. One hypothesized mechanism is proposed to explain this phenomenon.

Li, Ping; Li, Juan; Wu, Changzhu; Wu, Qingsheng; Li, Jian

2005-09-01

184

Optimization of green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from leaf extracts of Pimenta dioica (Allspice).  

PubMed

Production of silver nanoparticles from the leaf extracts of Pimenta dioica is reported for the first time in this paper. Three different sets of leaves were utilized for the synthesis of nanoparticles-fresh, hot-air oven dried, and sun-dried. These nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy and AFM. The results were diverse in that different sizes were seen for different leaf conditions. Nanoparticles synthesized using sun-dried leaves (produced using a particular ratio (1 : 0.5) of the leaf extract sample and silver nitrate (1 mM), resp.) possessed the smallest sizes. We believe that further optimization of the current green-synthesis method would help in the production of monodispersed silver nanoparticles having great potential in treating several diseases. PMID:24453836

Geetha, Akshay Rajeev; George, Elizabeth; Srinivasan, Akshay; Shaik, Jameel

2013-01-01

185

Optimization of Green Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles from Leaf Extracts of Pimenta dioica (Allspice)  

PubMed Central

Production of silver nanoparticles from the leaf extracts of Pimenta dioica is reported for the first time in this paper. Three different sets of leaves were utilized for the synthesis of nanoparticles—fresh, hot-air oven dried, and sun-dried. These nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy and AFM. The results were diverse in that different sizes were seen for different leaf conditions. Nanoparticles synthesized using sun-dried leaves (produced using a particular ratio (1?:?0.5) of the leaf extract sample and silver nitrate (1?mM), resp.) possessed the smallest sizes. We believe that further optimization of the current green-synthesis method would help in the production of monodispersed silver nanoparticles having great potential in treating several diseases.

Geetha, Akshay Rajeev

2013-01-01

186

Synthesis of monodispersed silver nanoparticles using Hibiscus cannabinus leaf extract and its antimicrobial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using leaf extract of Hibiscus cannabinus has been investigated. The influences of different concentration of H. cannabinus leaf extract, different metal ion concentration and different reaction time on the above cases on the synthesis of nanoparticles were evaluated. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM). The prepared silver nanoparticles were monodispersed, spherical in shape with the average particle size of 9 nm and shows surface plasmon peak at 446 nm. The study also reveals that the ascorbic acid present in H. cannabinus leaf extract has been used as reducing agent. The prepared silver nanoparticle shows good antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli, Proteus mirabilis and Shigella flexneri.

Bindhu, M. R.; Umadevi, M.

2013-01-01

187

Core-shell gold/silver nanoparticles: synthesis and optical properties.  

PubMed

Highly dispersed gold-silver core-shell nanoparticles were synthesized in a two-step process. The stabilizer-free gold core particles with an average diameter of ~30 nm were first precipitated by rapid reduction of HAuCl(4) with l-ascorbic acid. Thin continuous silver shells of variable thickness were subsequently obtained by reducing controlled amounts of silver nitrate added in the gold sol. The plasmon band of gold gradually blue-shifted and a peak characteristic for silver eventually emerged as the amount of deposited silver increased. A strong and well-defined silver absorption band was recorded when the Ag content exceeded 60 wt.%. It is shown that the concentration of Cl(-) ions in the gold precursor solution plays a critical role in the stability of the bi-metallic sol and the structure of the deposited silver shell. PMID:23127875

Lu, Lu; Burkey, Gwendolyn; Halaciuga, Ionel; Goia, Dan V

2013-02-15

188

Synergistic effect of silver seeds and organic modifiers on the morphology evolution mechanism of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Triangular, truncated triangular, quadrangular, hexagonal, and net-structured silver nanoplates as well as decahedral silver nanoparticles were manipulatively prepared starting from silver nitrate and silver seeds in the presence of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG), poly( N-vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP), and Tween 80 at room temperature, respectively. UV-vis spectroscopy, XRD, HRTEM, SAED, and FTIR were used to illustrate the crystal growth process and to characterize the resultant silver nanoparticles. It was found that the silver seeds and organic modifiers synergistically affected the morphology evolution of the silver nanoparticles. The co-presence of silver seeds and PEG was beneficial to the formation of triangular and truncated triangular silver nanoplates; the silver seeds and PVP favored the formation of polygonal silver nanoplates; the silver seeds and Tween 80 preferred to the formation of net-structured silver plates. The morphology evolution of the resultant silver nanoparticles was correlated with the crystallinity of the silver seeds and the adsorption ability of the organic modifiers on the crystal surfaces.

Wang, Aili; Yin, Hengbo; Ren, Min; Liu, Yuming; Jiang, Tingshun

2008-08-01

189

Environmental and Human Health Issues of Silver Nanoparticles Applications  

Microsoft Academic Search

\\u000a The significant growth in applications of silver nanoparticles across ­various branches of industry as well as in consumer\\u000a products has caused concerns that nanosilver may have a toxic effect on the environment and human health and may have implications\\u000a for eco-terorism. This paper presents research on antimicrobial effects of silver nanoparticles. We studied the cytotoxicity\\u000a of silver nanoparticles via an

Renat R. Khaydarov; Rashid A. Khaydarov; Svetlana Evgrafova; Stefanie Wagner; Seung Y. Cho

190

Subchronic inhalation toxicity of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The subchronic inhalation toxicity of silver nanoparticles was studied in Sprague-Dawley rats. Eight-week-old rats, weighing approximately 253.2 g (males) and 162.6 g (females), were divided into four groups (10 rats in each group): fresh-air control, low dose (0.6 x 10(6) particle/cm(3), 49 microg/m(3)), middle dose (1.4 x 10(6) particle/cm(3), 133 microg/m(3)), and high dose (3.0 x 10(6) particle/cm(3), 515 microg/m(3)). The animals were exposed to silver nanoparticles (average diameter 18-19 nm) for 6 h/day, 5 days/week, for 13 weeks in a whole-body inhalation chamber. In addition to mortality and clinical observations, body weight, food consumption, and pulmonary function tests were recorded weekly. At the end of the study, the rats were subjected to a full necropsy, blood samples were collected for hematology and clinical chemistry tests, and the organ weights were measured. Bile-duct hyperplasia in the liver increased dose dependently in both the male and female rats. Histopathological examinations indicated dose-dependent increases in lesions related to silver nanoparticle exposure, including mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate, chronic alveolar inflammation, and small granulomatous lesions. Target organs for silver nanoparticles were considered to be the lungs and liver in the male and female rats. No observable adverse effect level of 100 microg/m(3) is suggested from the experiments. PMID:19033393

Sung, Jae Hyuck; Ji, Jun Ho; Park, Jung Duck; Yoon, Jin Uk; Kim, Dae Sung; Jeon, Ki Soo; Song, Moon Yong; Jeong, Jayoung; Han, Beom Seok; Han, Jeong Hee; Chung, Yong Hyun; Chang, Hee Kyung; Lee, Ji Hyun; Cho, Myung Haing; Kelman, Bruce J; Yu, Il Je

2009-04-01

191

Mechanism of Silver Nanoparticles as a Disinfectant  

Microsoft Academic Search

Using environmentally friendly synthesis techniques, monodispersive silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were engineered. These particles exhibited bactericidal activity against Escherichia coli under both light and dark conditions. Unlike sodium hypochlorite, which demonstrated almost immediate disinfection, AgNPs required 30 min. In contrast to hypochlorite, however, the minimum dose of AgNPs decreased as the incubation time increased to less than 1 part per million.

Sajid Bashir; Karthik Chamakura; Rafael Perez-Ballestero; Zhiping Luo; Jingbo Liu

2011-01-01

192

Catalytic degradation of methylene blue using biosynthesized gold and silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The scientific community is searching for new synthesis methods for the production of metallic nanoparticles. Green synthesis has now become a vast developing area of research. Here we report for the first time to best of our knowledge, a new green method for the synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using the Kashayam, Guggulutiktham, an ayurvedic medicine. This method is nontoxic and environmentally benign. The reduction and the stabilization capacity of the ayurvedic Kashayam are described in this paper. The size and shape of the silver and gold nanoparticles can be tuned by varying the quantity of the Kashayam. The synthesized nanoparticles are characterized using UV-VIS spectroscopy, TEM, XRD and FTIR. The size dependent catalytic activity of the synthesized nanoparticles is established in the reduction of Methylene Blue (MB) by NaBH4. PMID:24091344

Suvith, V S; Philip, Daizy

2014-01-24

193

Antibacterial potential of silver nanoparticles against isolated urinary tract infectious bacterial pathogens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction method and the nanoparticles were characterized using ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD) studies. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were investigated to evaluate the antibacterial activity against urinary tract infectious (UTIs) bacterial pathogens. Thirty-two bacteria were isolated from mid urine samples of 25 male and 25 female patients from Thondi, Ramanathapuram District, Tamil Nadu, India and identified by conventional methods. Escherichia coli was predominant (47%) followed by Pseudomonas aeruginosa (22%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (19%), Enterobacter sp. (6%), Proteus morganii (3%) and Staphylococcus aureus (3%). The antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles was evaluated by disc diffusion assay. P. aeruginosa showed maximum sensitivity (11 ± 0.58 mm) followed by Enterobacter sp. (8 ± 0.49 mm) at a concentration of 20 ?g disc-1 and the sensitivity was highly comparable with the positive control kanamycin and tetracycline. K. pneumoniae, E. coli, P. morganii and S. aureus showed no sensitivity against all the tested concentrations of silver nanoparticles. The results provided evidence that, the silver nanoparticles might indeed be the potential sources to treat urinary tract infections caused by P. aeruginosa and Enterobacter sp.

Jacob Inbaneson, Samuel; Ravikumar, Sundaram; Manikandan, Nachiappan

2011-12-01

194

Synthesis of Silver Nanoparticles Using Hydroxyl Functionalized Ionic Liquids and Their Antimicrobial Activity  

PubMed Central

We report a new one phase method for the synthesis of uniform monodisperse crystalline Ag nanoparticles in aqueous systems that has been developed by using newly synthesized mono and dihydroxylated ionic liquids and cationic surfactants based on 1,3-disubstituted imidazolium cations and halogens anions. The hydroxyl functionalized ionic liquids (HFILs) and hydroxyl functionalized cationic surfactants (HFCSs) also simultaneously acts both as the reductant and protective agent. By changing the carbon chain length, alcohol structure and anion of the 1,3-imidazolium based HFILs and HFCSs the particle size, uniform and dispersibility of nanoparticles in aqueous solvents could be controlled. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), electron diffraction, UV-Vis and NMR, were used for characterization of HFILs, HFCSs and silver nanoparticles. TEM studies on the solution showed representative spherical silver nanoparticles with average sizes 2–8 nm, particularly 2.2 nm and 4.5 nm in size range and reasonable narrow particle size distributions (SD-standard distribution) 0.2 nm and 0.5 nm respectively. The all metal nanoparticles are single crystals with face centered cubic (fcc) structure. The silver nanoparticles surface of plasmon resonance band (?max) around 420 nm broadened and little moved to the long wavelength region that indicating the formation of silver nanoparticles dispersion with broad absorption around infrared (IR) region. Silver complexes of these HFILs as well as different silver nanoparticles dispersions have been tested in vitro against several gram positive and gram negative bacteria and fungus. The silver nanoparticles providing environmentally friendly and high antimicrobial activity agents.

Dorjnamjin, Demberelnyamba; Ariunaa, Maamaa; Shim, Young Key

2008-01-01

195

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticle from leaf extract of Desmodium gangeticum (L.) DC. and its biomedical potential  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

An aqueous leaf extract of Desmodium gangeticum was employed to synthesize silver nano particles. Rapid formation of stable silver nanoparticles were observed on exposure of the aqueous leaf extract with solution of silver nitrate. The silver nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy (FTIR) UV-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDAX), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and Fourier Transform Infra-Red spectroscopy (FTIR). UV-visible spectrum of the aqueous medium peaked at 450 nm corresponding to the plasmon absorbance of silver nanoparticles. SEM analysis revealed the spherical shape of the particles with sizes ranging from 18 to 39 nm and the EDAX spectrum confirmed the presence of silver along with other elements in the plant metabolite. Further, these biologically synthesized nanoparticles were found to be highly toxic against pathogenic bacteria Escherichia coli, thus implying significance of the present study in production of biomedical products.

Thirunavoukkarasu, M.; Balaji, U.; Behera, S.; Panda, P. K.; Mishra, B. K.

2013-12-01

196

Green synthesis, characterization and evaluation of biocompatibility of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Although green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) by various plants and microorganisms has been reported, the potential of plants as biological materials for the synthesis of nanoparticles and their compatibility to biological systems is yet to be fully explored. In this study, we report a simple green method for the synthesis of Ag NPs using garlic clove extract as a reducing and stabilizing agent. In addition to green synthesis, biological response of Ag NPs in human lung epithelial A549 cells was also assessed. Ag NPs were rapidly synthesized using garlic clove extract and the formation of nanoparticles was observed within 30 min. The green synthesized Ag NPs were characterized using UV-vis spectrum, X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), field emission transmission electron microscopy (FETEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDX) and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Characterization data demonstrated that the particles were crystalline in nature and spherical shaped with an average diameter of 12 nm. Measurements of cell viability, cell membrane integrity and intracellular production of reactive oxygen species have shown that the green synthesized Ag NPs were nontoxic to human lung epithelial A549 cells. This study demonstrated a simple, cost-effective and environmentally benign synthesis of Ag NPs with excellent biocompatibility to human lung epithelial A549 cells. This preliminary in vitro investigation needs to be followed up by future studies with various biological systems.

Ahamed, Maqusood; Majeed Khan, M. A.; Siddiqui, M. K. J.; AlSalhi, Mohamad S.; Alrokayan, Salman A.

2011-04-01

197

Formation and optical properties of silver perfluorodecanethiolate nanoparticles.  

PubMed

This article reports a new catalytic method for preparing nanoparticles of silver thiolate from silver nanoparticles scattered on a ZrO2-coated substrate. Such nanoparticles transform into silver (perfluoro) decanethiolate after immersion in a solution of (perfluoro) decanethiol in heptane. These transformations occur at room temperature and are catalysed by ZrO2. The silver decanethiolate is obtained as lamellar crystals while the silver perfluorodecanethiolate is obtained in amorphous state. The modifications of the sample optical properties due to this latter compound are studied in correlation with its surface morphology, according to different preparation conditions. It is shown that an antireflective effect in addition to the damping of the plasmon band of the silver nanoparticles can be responsible for a large transmittance enhancement in the near-UV and visible ranges. These effects are modulated by the possible oxidation of the silver nanoparticle surface. In the absence of silver oxidation, the silver perfluorodecanethiolate is obtained as contiguous spheroidal nanoparticles, while, in the presence of silver oxidation, this compound is mainly obtained as entangled nanowires. PMID:23953653

Brenier, Roger; Piednoir, Agnès; Bessueille, François; Penuelas, José; Terrier, Nicolas

2013-10-15

198

Removal of silver nanoparticles by coagulation processes.  

PubMed

Commercial use of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) will lead to a potential route for human exposure via potable water. Coagulation followed by sedimentation, as a conventional technique in the drinking water treatment facilities, may become an important barrier to prevent human from AgNP exposures. This study investigated the removal of AgNP suspensions by four regular coagulants. In the aluminum sulfate and ferric chloride coagulation systems, the water parameters slightly affected the AgNP removal. However, in the poly aluminum chloride and polyferric sulfate coagulation systems, the optimal removal efficiencies were achieved at pH 7.5, while higher or lower of pH could reduce the AgNP removal. Besides, the increasing natural organic matter (NOM) would reduce the AgNP removal, while Ca(2+) and suspended solids concentrations would also affect the AgNP removal. In addition, results from the transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction showed AgNPs or silver-containing nanoparticles were adsorbed onto the flocs. Finally, natural water samples were used to validate AgNP removal by coagulation. This study suggests that in the case of release of AgNPs into the source water, the traditional water treatment process, coagulation/sedimentation, can remove AgNPs and minimize the silver ion concentration under the well-optimized conditions. PMID:23973474

Sun, Qian; Li, Yan; Tang, Ting; Yuan, Zhihua; Yu, Chang-Ping

2013-10-15

199

Fluorescence of pyrene in inhomogeneous media containing silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pyrene fluorescence in inhomogeneous media based on ionic detergents containing silver nanoparticles with different morphologies is investigated. An increase in pyrene monomer emissions in the spectral range of 400-500 nm is observed, due to the resonance between electronic transitions in pyrene molecules in that region and the plasmonic oscillations of silver nanoparticles.

Romanovskaya, G. I.

2014-05-01

200

Biogenic silver nanoparticles with chlorogenic acid as a bioreducing agent.  

PubMed

We report the synthesis of biogenic silver nanoparticles using chlorogenic acid as a bioreducing agent. Chlorogenic acid is a polyphenol compound abundant in coffee. UV-Vis spectra showed the characteristic surface plasmon resonance band at 415 nm, indicating the successful synthesis of biogenic silver nanoparticles. Spherical and irregular shaped nanoparticles were observed with an average diameter of 19.29 +/- 8.23 nm. The reaction yield from silver ion to silver nanoparticles was observed as 95.43% by using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry. Fourier transform infrared spectra revealed that the -C = O groups of chlorogenic acid may coordinate or complex into silver nanoparticles. Biogenic silver nanoparticles exerted higher antibacterial activity against Gram-negative bacteria than against Gram-positive bacteria. Interestingly, a comparable antibacterial activity to a standard antibiotic was observed against two strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (minimum inhibitory concentration of 0.66 microg/mL). The synergistic effect of a combination of silver nanoparticles and chlorogenic acid on antibacterial activity is obvious, leading to approximately 8-fold enhancement in the case of Pseudomonas aeruginosa when compared with chlorogenic acid alone. The present report suggests that a pure compound with a plant origin is capable of being a bioreducing agent for the synthesis of biogenic silver nanoparticles with superior antibacterial activity, opening up many applications in nanomedicine and nanobiotechnology. PMID:23882836

Noh, Hwa Jung; Kim, Hyun-Seok; Jun, Sang Hui; Kang, Young-Hwa; Cho, Seonho; Park, Youmie

2013-08-01

201

Chitin membranes containing silver nanoparticles for wound dressing application.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles are gaining importance as an antimicrobial agent in wound dressings. Chitin is a biopolymer envisioned to promote rapid dermal regeneration and accelerate wound healing. This study was focused on the evaluation of chitin membranes containing silver nanoparticles for use as an antimicrobial wound dressing. Silver nanoparticles were synthesised by gamma irradiation at doses of 50 kGy in the presence of sodium alginate as stabiliser. The UV-Vis absorption spectra of nanoparticles exhibited an absorption band at 415-420 nm, which is the typical plasmon resonance band of silver nanoparticles. The peaks in the X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern are in agreement with the standard values of the face-centred cubic silver. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images indicate silver nanoparticles with spherical morphology and small particle size in the range of 3-13 nm. In vitro antimicrobial tests were performed using Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus to determine the antimicrobial efficiency of the chitin membranes containing 30, 50, 70 and 100 ppm nanosilver. No viable counts for P. aeruginosa were detected with 70 ppm silver nanoparticles dressing after 1-hour exposure. A 2-log reduction in viable cell count was observed for S. aureus after 1 hour and a 4-log reduction after 6 hours with 100 ppm nanosilver chitin membranes. This study demonstrates the antimicrobial capability of chitin membranes containing silver nanoparticles. The chitin membranes with 100 ppm nanosilver showed promising antimicrobial activity against common wound pathogens. PMID:22958740

Singh, Rita; Singh, Durgeshwer

2014-06-01

202

Tuning of optical properties of PMMA by incorporating silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanocomposite films of Poly (methylmethacrylate) filled with different concentration of silver nanoparticles were prepared by ex-situ method. Firstly, silver nanoparticles were obtained by reducing the aqueous solution of silver nitrate with sodium borohydride then Ag/PMMA films were prepared by mixing colloidal solution of silver nanoparticles with solution of polymer. From absorption and specular reflection spectra, the optical band gap and refractive index (n) have been calculated. The decrease in optical bandgap and increase in refractive index has been indicative of the modifications in optical band structure of the PMMA matrix.

Alisha; Rozra, Jyoti; Saini, Isha; Sharma, Annu; Sharma, Pawan

2012-06-01

203

Structural and thermal studies of silver nanoparticles and electrical transport study of their thin films  

PubMed Central

This work reports the preparation and characterization of silver nanoparticles synthesized through wet chemical solution method and of silver films deposited by dip-coating method. X-ray diffraction (XRD), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), field emission transmission electron microscopy (FETEM), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM), selected area electron diffraction (SAED), and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDX) have been used to characterize the prepared silver nanoparticles and thin film. The morphology and crystal structure of silver nanoparticles have been determined by FESEM, HRTEM, and FETEM. The average grain size of silver nanoparticles is found to be 17.5 nm. The peaks in XRD pattern are in good agreement with that of face-centered-cubic form of metallic silver. TGA/DTA results confirmed the weight loss and the exothermic reaction due to desorption of chemisorbed water. The temperature dependence of resistivity of silver thin film, determined in the temperature range of 100-300 K, exhibit semiconducting behavior of the sample. The sample shows the activated variable range hopping in the localized states near the Fermi level.

2011-01-01

204

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in melts of amphiphilic polyesters  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The current work presents a one-step procedure for the synthesis of amphiphilic silver nanoparticles suitable for production of silver-filled polymeric materials. This solvent free synthesis via reduction of Tollens’ reagent as silver precursor in melts of amphiphilic polyesters consisting of hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) blocks and hydrophobic alkyl chains allows the production of silver nanoparticles without any by-product formation. This makes them especially interesting for the production of medical devices with antimicrobial properties. In this article the influences of the chain length of the hydrophobic block in the amphiphilic polyesters and the process temperature on the particle size distribution (PSD) and the stability of the particles against agglomeration are discussed. According to the results of spectroscopic and viscosimetric investigations the silver precursor is reduced to elemental silver nanoparticles by a single electron transfer process from the poly(ethylene glycol) chain to the silver ion.

Vasylyev, S.; Damm, C.; Segets, D.; Hanisch, M.; Taccardi, N.; Wasserscheid, P.; Peukert, W.

2013-03-01

205

A green approach for synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles by Leishmania sp.  

PubMed

The application of microorganisms for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles as an eco-friendly and promising approach is ongoing. In this paper, an attempt has been made to investigate the capability of Leishmania sp. for synthesis of metal nanoparticles from aqueous silver and gold ions. The samples were analyzed by a UV-Vis spectroscopy and the results showed the absorbance peak values at 420 and 540 nm, respectively, for the surface plasmon resonance of silver and gold nanoparticles. The surface morphology of the nanoparticles in solution was visualized by atomic force microscope and scanning electron microscope images, which showed the production of metallic nanoparticles by this protozoan. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy analyses confirmed the presence of different bands of protein as capping and stabilizing agent on the nanoparticles surfaces. The synthesized silver and gold nanoparticles were with dimensions ranging between 10 and 100 nm for silver and 50-100 nm for gold. These results of the present study have demonstrated the efficiency of this protozoan for synthesis of nanoparticles, by offering the merits of environmentally friendly, amenability, and time saving for large-scale production. PMID:23054815

Ramezani, Fatemeh; Jebali, Ali; Kazemi, Bahram

2012-11-01

206

Silver and gold nanoparticles for sensor and antibacterial applications  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Green biogenic method for the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Solanum lycopersicums extract as reducing agent was studied. The biomolecules present in the extract was responsible for reduction of Au3+ and Ag+ ions from HAuCl4 and AgNO3 respectively. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) technique to identify the size, shape of nanoparticles and biomolecules act as reducing agents. UV-visible spectra show the surface plasmon resonance peak at 546 nm and 445 nm corresponding to gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. Crystalline nature of the nanoparticles was evident from TEM images and XRD analysis. TEM images showed average size of 14 nm and 12 nm for prepared gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. FTIR analysis provides the presence of biomolecules responsible for the reduction and stability of the prepared silver and gold nanoparticles. XRD analysis of the silver and gold nanoparticles confirmed the formation of metallic silver and gold. The prepared gold and silver nanoparticles show good sensing and antimicrobial activity.

Bindhu, M. R.; Umadevi, M.

2014-07-01

207

Silver and gold nanoparticles for sensor and antibacterial applications.  

PubMed

Green biogenic method for the synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles using Solanum lycopersicums extract as reducing agent was studied. The biomolecules present in the extract was responsible for reduction of Au(3+) and Ag(+) ions from HAuCl4 and AgNO3 respectively. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) technique to identify the size, shape of nanoparticles and biomolecules act as reducing agents. UV-visible spectra show the surface plasmon resonance peak at 546 nm and 445 nm corresponding to gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. Crystalline nature of the nanoparticles was evident from TEM images and XRD analysis. TEM images showed average size of 14 nm and 12 nm for prepared gold and silver nanoparticles respectively. FTIR analysis provides the presence of biomolecules responsible for the reduction and stability of the prepared silver and gold nanoparticles. XRD analysis of the silver and gold nanoparticles confirmed the formation of metallic silver and gold. The prepared gold and silver nanoparticles show good sensing and antimicrobial activity. PMID:24657466

Bindhu, M R; Umadevi, M

2014-07-15

208

Polyhexamethylene biguanide functionalized cationic silver nanoparticles for enhanced antimicrobial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB), a broad spectrum disinfectant against many pathogens, was used as a stabilizing ligand for the synthesis of fairly uniform silver nanoparticles. The particles formed were characterized using UV-visible spectroscopy, FTIR, dynamic light scattering, electrophoretic mobility, and TEM to measure their morphology and surface chemistry. PHMB-functionalized silver nanoparticles were then evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against a gram-negative bacterial strain, Escherichia coli. These silver nanoparticles were found to have about 100 times higher bacteriostatic and bactericidal activities, compared to the previous reports, due to the combined antibacterial effect of silver nanoparticles and PHMB. In addition to other applications, PHMB-functionalized silver nanoparticles would be extremely useful in textile industry due to the strong interaction of PHMB with cellulose fabrics.

Ashraf, Sumaira; Akhtar, Nasrin; Ghauri, Muhammad Afzal; Rajoka, Muhammad Ibrahim; Khalid, Zafar M.; Hussain, Irshad

2012-05-01

209

Colored and functional silver nanoparticle-wool fiber composites.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles utilizing the surface plasmon resonance effect of silver have been used to color merino wool fibers as well as imparting antimicrobial and antistatic properties to them to produce a novel silver nanoparticle-wool composite material. This is accomplished by the reduction of silver ions in solution by trisodium citrate (TSC) in the presence of merino wool fibers or fabrics. The silver metal nanoparticles simultaneously bind to the amino acids of the keratin protein in the wool fibers using TSC as the linker. The colors of the resulting merino wool-silver nanoparticle composites range from yellow/brown to red/brown and then to brown/black, because of the surface plasmon resonance effect of silver, and are tuned by controlling the reduction of silver ions to silver nanoparticles to give the required particle size on the fiber surface. In addition to the surface plasmon resonance optical effects, the silver nanoparticle-wool composites exhibit effective antimicrobial activity, thus inhibiting the growth of microbes and also an increase in the electrical conductivity, imparting antistatic properties to the fibers. Therefore, silver nanoparticles function as a simultaneous colorant and antimicrobial and antistatic agent for wool. Chemical and physical characterizations of the silver nanoparticle-merino wool composite materials have been carried out using scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, synchrotron radiation X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, direct-current electrical conductivity measurements, wash-fast and rub-fast tests, and antimicrobial tests. PMID:21381777

Kelly, Fern M; Johnston, James H

2011-04-01

210

Synthesis and Antimicrobial Activity of Silver-Doped Hydroxyapatite Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

The synthesis of nanosized particles of Ag-doped hydroxyapatite with antibacterial properties is of great interest for the development of new biomedical applications. The aim of this study was the evaluation of Ca10?xAgx(PO4)6(OH)2 nanoparticles (Ag:HAp-NPs) for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. Resistance to antimicrobial agents by pathogenic bacteria has emerged in the recent years and became a major health problem. Here, we report a method for synthesizing Ag doped nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite. A silver-doped nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite was synthesized at 100°C in deionised water. Also, in this paper Ag:HAp-NPs are evaluated for their antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria and fungal strains. The specific antimicrobial activity revealed by the qualitative assay is demonstrating that our compounds are interacting differently with the microbial targets, probably due to the differences in the microbial wall structures.

Ciobanu, Carmen Steluta; Iconaru, Simona Liliana; Chifiriuc, Mariana Carmen; Costescu, Adrian; Le Coustumer, Philippe; Predoi, Daniela

2013-01-01

211

Comparison of bioconcentration of ionic silver and silver nanoparticles in zebrafish eleutheroembryos.  

PubMed

The production of silver nanoparticles has reached nowadays high levels. Bioconcentration studies, information on persistence and toxicity are fundamental to assess their global risk and thus necessary to establish legislations regarding their use. Previous studies on silver nanoparticle toxicity have determined a clear correlation between their chemical stability and toxicity. In this work, experimental conditions able to assure silver nanoparticles stability have been optimized. Then, zebrafish (Danio rerio) eleutheroembryos were exposed to ionic silver and to Ag NPs for comparison purposes. A protocol alternative to the OECD 305 technical guideline was used. To determine silver concentration in both the eleutheroembryos and the exposure media, an analytical method consisting in ultrasound assisted extraction, followed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, was developed. Then, bioconcentration factors were calculated. The results revealed that ionic silver was more accumulative for zebrafish eleutheroembryos than nanoparticles at the levels tested. PMID:24858804

López-Serrano, A; Muñoz-Olivas, R; Sanz-Landaluze, J; Olasagasti, M; Rainieri, S; Cámara, C

2014-08-01

212

Spectroscopic dimensions of silver nanoparticles and clusters in ZnO matrix and their role in bioinspired antifouling and photocatalysis.  

PubMed

Silver doped zinc oxide nanoparticles are synthesized by a solution combustion method. The samples characterized by a variety of spectroscopic and other techniques clearly reveal the presence of silver nanoparticles as well as silver clusters. The silver in the two forms was identified by careful deconvolution of X-ray photoelectron spectral results. Their formation was also confirmed by the presence of plasmons, the concentration and energy of which increase on increasing silver input, indicating the presence of perpendicular excitons since aggregates of clusters are known to shift the plasmon resonances depending on their topologies. Further confirmation of clusters came from EPR (electron paramagnetic resonance), HRSEM (high resolution scanning electron microscopy) and HRTEM (high resolution transmission electron microscopy); direct proof for clusters came from matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight (MALDI-TOF) mass spectral measurements. The antimicrobial activity of the silver doped zinc oxide polymer nanocomposites as biomedical devices are measured by zone of inhibition. Also, samples coated on paper disk with acacia binder are evaluated by a disk diffusion method. While pure zinc oxide does not show any antimicrobial property, the activity of silver-doped zinc oxide is comparable to that of commercial antibiotics and found to be related to nanoparticulate silver. Similarly, the microbial adherence to the surface of polymer nanocomposite which mimics a biomedical device also was influenced by nanoparticles of silver. The photocatalytic water treatment was carried out using silver carrying nanoparticles with Rhodamine-B and 4-chlorophenol as model pollutants. The increased photocatalytic activity of silver containing zinc oxide as compared to pure zinc oxide nanoparticles is attributed to the synergistic display of the properties of silver nanoparticles and clusters in zinc oxide. This activity depends upon the dispersion of silver nanoparticles over the zinc oxide lattice where charge separation plays a dominant role. The mechanisms for both photocatalysis and antimicrobial activity are discussed. PMID:24671627

Michael, Robin Jude Vimal; Sambandam, Balaji; Muthukumar, Thangavelu; Umapathy, Manickam J; Manoharan, Periakaruppan T

2014-05-14

213

Synthesis and applications of novel silver nanoparticle structures  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The field of nanotechnology is rapidly expanding across disciplines as each new development is realized. New exciting technologies are being driven by advances in the application of nanotechnology; including biochemical, optical, and semiconductors research. This thesis will focus on the use of silver nanoparticles as optical labels on cells, methods of forming different small structures of silver nanoparticles, as well as the use of silver nanoparticles in the development of a photovoltaic cell. Silver nanoparticles have been modified with self-assembled monolayers of hydroxyl-terminated long chain thiols and encapsulated with a silica shell. The resulting core-shell nanoparticles were used as optical labels for cell analysis using flow cytometry and microscopy. The excitation of plasmon resonances in nanoparticles results in strong depolarized scattering of visible light permitting detection at the single nanoparticle level. The nanoparticles were modified with neutravidin via epoxide-azide coupling chemistry and biotinylated antibodies targeting cell surface receptors were bound to the nanoparticle surface. The nanoparticle labels exhibited long-term stability under physiological conditions without aggregation or silver ion leaching. Labeled cells exhibited two orders of magnitude enhancement of the scattering intensity compared to unlabeled cells. Dimers of silver nanoparticles have been fabricated by first immobilizing a monolayer of single silver nanoparticles onto poly(4-vinylpyridine) covered glass slides. The monolayer was then exposed to adenine, which has two amines which will bind to silver. The nanoparticle monolayer, now modified with adenine, is exposed to a second suspension of nanoparticles which will bind with the amine modified monolayer. Finally, a thin silica shell is formed about the structure via solgel chemistry to prevent dissolution or aggregation upon sonication/striping. Circular arrays of silver nanoparticels are developed using a template base self assembly. A 1.5 micron silica sphere is bound to poly(4-vinylpyridine) coated glass and used as a template. a mask of silica monoxide is vacuum deposited atop the spheres/glass leaving a ring just below the sphere untouched and able to bind silver nanoparticles. Optical microscopy reveal interesting results under depolarized light conditions, but ultimate structural analysis has proven elusive. Semiconducting p-type cuprous oxide was electrochemically deposited on both silver and indium tin oxide electrodes. Silver nanoparticles were incorporated into the architecture either atop the cuprous oxide or sandwiched between cuprous oxide and n-type material. Increases in photocurrent were observed in both cases and further work must be conducted to optimize a solid state device for photovoltaic applications.

Dukes, Kyle

214

Successively amplified electrochemical immunoassay based on biocatalytic deposition of silver nanoparticles and silver enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A successively signal-amplified electrochemical immunoassay has been reported on the basis of the biocatalytic deposition of silver nanoparticles with their subsequent enlargement by nanoparticle-promoted catalytic precipitation of silver from the silver-enhancer solution. The immunoassay was carried out based on a heterogeneous sandwich procedure using polystyrene microwells to immobilize antibody. After all the processes comprising the formation of immunocomplex, biocatalytic deposition

Zhao-Peng Chen; Zhao-Feng Peng; Yan Luo; Bo Qu; Jian-Hui Jiang; Xiao-Bing Zhang; Guo-Li Shen; Ru-Qin Yu

2007-01-01

215

Chitosan and silver nanoparticles as pudding with raisins with antimicrobial properties  

Microsoft Academic Search

Chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NP) containing small silver nanoparticles are reported (Ag@CS-NP). CS-NP was synthesized using tripolyphosphate (TPP) as a polyanionic template. TPP also served to electrostatically attract Ag+ inside CS-NP, where it was reduced by the terminal glucosamine units of the biopolymer. This procedure is environmental friendly, inexpensive, and permits the synthesis of very small AgNP (0.93–1.7nm), with only a discrete

M. Carmen Rodríguez-Argüelles; Carmen Sieiro; Roberto Cao; Lucia Nasi

2011-01-01

216

Silver nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon cages obtained by co-sputtering of the metal and graphite  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We have synthesized C-Ag thin films by co-sputtering of a silver-graphite target. The deposition temperature ranged from 77 K to 773 K, the silver concentration varying from 10 to 71 at%. The microstructure of the films has been characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and small-angle X-ray scattering under grazing incidence (GISAXS) experiments. It is shown that homogeneously distributed silver nanoparticles, having an elongated shape along the direction of the thin film growth, are formed within a more or less graphitized carbon matrix. After liquid nitrogen and room temperature depositions, a preferential crystallographic orientation is observed, dense (111) silver planes being at 90° with respect to the surface layer whereas the carbon matrix is amorphous. A graphitization leading to the encapsulation of the silver nanoparticles in graphite-like carbon has been obtained when the depositions were performed at 773 K for lower silver concentrations without ion-beam assistance and below 573 K for upper silver concentrations with ion-beam assistance. We propose that the demixing of carbon and silver occurs during the co-deposition process by surface diffusion of C and Ag atoms. It is inferred that the presence of silver simply serves as a "catalyst" for the graphitization process at these relatively low temperatures. Furthermore, we have investigated the tribological properties of our C-Ag coatings: a substantial increase in the wear resistance and a significant decrease in friction relative to an austenitic stainless steel substrate is observed.

Babonneau, D.; Cabioc'h, T.; Naudon, A.; Girard, J. C.; Denanot, M. F.

1998-07-01

217

Rapid photogeneration of silver nanoparticles in ethanolic solution: A kinetic study  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Ag nanoparticles have been synthesized via UV irradiation of ethanolic solution of AgNO3 in presence of pluronic F127 surfactant. This study is aimed at developing a rapid, simple and green method to prepare Ag nanoparticles and understanding its generation kinetics. The formation dependency of silver nanoparticles on the concentration of reactants, UV exposure time and temperature has been investigated by using UV-vis spectroscopy. The 2D map technique has been used for the first time to estimate the switching time between the nucleation and growth of Ag nanoparticles. Appropriate kinetic models were used for modelling of both stages.

Yahyaei, Bahareh; Azizian, Saeid

2013-01-01

218

Circular dichroism study of chiral biomolecules conjugated with silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Chiral biomolecules conjugated with silver nanoparticles were investigated by circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopy. Silver nanoparticles were prepared by the citrate reduction method and were characterized by UV spectroscopy and TEM. Conjugation of thiol group-containing biomolecules, such as cysteine, glutathione and penicillamine, with silver nanoparticles resulted in the generation of new characteristic CD signals in the region of 240-400 nm, whereas no CD signal changes were found with lysine or glutamine. Association through hydrogen bonding among the biomolecules is considered to be essential for CD signal generation, which was confirmed by experiment with cysteine methyl ester. Interestingly, Au nanoparticles were not found to generate CD signals in the wavelength region tested, indicating that this phenomenon is a unique feature of silver nanoparticles, distinguished from gold nanoparticles.

Li, Taihua; Park, Hyun Gyu; Lee, Hee-Seung; Choi, Seong-Ho

2004-10-01

219

Toxicity of silver nanoparticles at the air-liquid interface.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles are one of the most prevalent nanomaterials in consumer products. Some of these products are likely to be aerosolized, making silver nanoparticles a high priority for inhalation toxicity assessment. To study the inhalation toxicity of silver nanoparticles, we have exposed cultured lung cells to them at the air-liquid interface. Cells were exposed to suspensions of silver or nickel oxide (positive control) nanoparticles at concentrations of 2.6, 6.6, and 13.2 ? g cm(-2) (volume concentrations of 10, 25, and 50 ? g ml(-1)) and to 0.7 ? g cm(-2) silver or 2.1 ? g cm(-2) nickel oxide aerosol at the air-liquid interface. Unlike a number of in vitro studies employing suspensions of silver nanoparticles, which have shown strong toxic effects, both suspensions and aerosolized nanoparticles caused negligible cytotoxicity and only a mild inflammatory response, in agreement with animal exposures. Additionally, we have developed a novel method using a differential mobility analyzer to select aerosolized nanoparticles of a single diameter to assess the size-dependent toxicity of silver nanoparticles. PMID:23484109

Holder, Amara L; Marr, Linsey C

2013-01-01

220

Toxicity of Silver Nanoparticles at the Air-Liquid Interface  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles are one of the most prevalent nanomaterials in consumer products. Some of these products are likely to be aerosolized, making silver nanoparticles a high priority for inhalation toxicity assessment. To study the inhalation toxicity of silver nanoparticles, we have exposed cultured lung cells to them at the air-liquid interface. Cells were exposed to suspensions of silver or nickel oxide (positive control) nanoparticles at concentrations of 2.6, 6.6, and 13.2??g cm?2 (volume concentrations of 10, 25, and 50??g?ml?1) and to 0.7??g?cm?2 silver or 2.1??g?cm?2 nickel oxide aerosol at the air-liquid interface. Unlike a number of in vitro studies employing suspensions of silver nanoparticles, which have shown strong toxic effects, both suspensions and aerosolized nanoparticles caused negligible cytotoxicity and only a mild inflammatory response, in agreement with animal exposures. Additionally, we have developed a novel method using a differential mobility analyzer to select aerosolized nanoparticles of a single diameter to assess the size-dependent toxicity of silver nanoparticles.

Holder, Amara L.; Marr, Linsey C.

2013-01-01

221

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

New water-soluble nontoxic nanocomposites of nanosized silver particles in a polymer matrix were synthesized by a green chemistry method. Nontoxic poly(1-vinyl-1,2,4-triazole) was used as a stabilizing precursor agent in aqueous medium. Glucose and dimethyl sulfoxide were used as the silver ion-reducing agents to yield silver nanoparticles 2–26 nm and 2–8 nm in size, respectively. The nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption, and thermogravimetric data analysis. The nanocomposites showed strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria.

Prozorova, Galina F; Pozdnyakov, Alexsandr S; Kuznetsova, Nadezhda P; Korzhova, Svetlana A; Emel'yanov, Artem I; Ermakova, Tamara G; Fadeeva, Tat'yana V; Sosedova, Larisa M

2014-01-01

222

Green synthesis of water-soluble nontoxic polymeric nanocomposites containing silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

New water-soluble nontoxic nanocomposites of nanosized silver particles in a polymer matrix were synthesized by a green chemistry method. Nontoxic poly(1-vinyl-1,2,4-triazole) was used as a stabilizing precursor agent in aqueous medium. Glucose and dimethyl sulfoxide were used as the silver ion-reducing agents to yield silver nanoparticles 2-26 nm and 2-8 nm in size, respectively. The nanocomposites were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, atomic absorption, and thermogravimetric data analysis. The nanocomposites showed strong antimicrobial activity against Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. PMID:24790430

Prozorova, Galina F; Pozdnyakov, Alexsandr S; Kuznetsova, Nadezhda P; Korzhova, Svetlana A; Emel'yanov, Artem I; Ermakova, Tamara G; Fadeeva, Tat'yana V; Sosedova, Larisa M

2014-01-01

223

Synthesis of Silver Selenide Bicomponent Nanoparticles by a Novel Technique: Laser-Solid-Liquid Ablation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A novel laser-solid-liquid ablation technique has been developed to synthesize Ag 2Se nanoparticles from silver nitrate and selenium powder in a mixed solvent of 2-propanol and ethylenediamine. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The XRD indicated that the products were the single phase of silver selenide. The TEM images revealed that the as-prepared Ag 2Se grains were homogeneous and spherical, and their average size was about 30 nm. This novel technique can be extended to prepare other nanoparticles of various compositions.

Jiang, Z. Y.; Huang, R. B.; Xie, S. Y.; Xie, Z. X.; Zheng, L. S.

2001-09-01

224

Surface enhanced Raman scattering study of the antioxidant alkaloid boldine using prismatic silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Prismatic silver nanoparticles (PNps) were used in the surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) study of the antioxidant alkaloid boldine (5,6,6a,7-tetrahydro-1,10-dimethoxy-6-methyl-4H-dibenzo[de,g]quinoline-2,9-diol). Prismatic and quasi-spherical (QsNps) silver nanoparticles were synthesized and characterized by UV-Vis spectra, topographic profile (AFM) and zeta potential measurements. Raman and infrared (IR) spectra of the boldine were registered. Theoretical model calculations of the boldine onto the Ag surface predict a nearly coplanar orientation of the benzo[de]quinoline moiety and non-bonded interactions (electrostatic). PMID:24992918

Herrera, M A; Jara, G P; Villarroel, R; Aliaga, A E; Gómez-Jeria, J S; Clavijo, E; Garrido, C; Aguayo, T; Campos Vallette, M M

2014-12-10

225

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using Nelumbo nucifera leaf extract and its larvicidal activity against malaria and filariasis vectors  

Microsoft Academic Search

The aim of this study was to investigate the larvicidal potential of the hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate, acetone, methanol,\\u000a and aqueous leaf extracts of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. (Nymphaeaceae) and synthesized silver nanoparticles using aqueous leaf extract against fourth instar larvae of Anopheles subpictus Grassi and Culex quinquefasciatus Say (Diptera: Culicidae). Nanoparticles are being used in many commercial applications. It was

Thirunavukkarasu Santhoshkumar; Abdul Abdul Rahuman; Govindasamy Rajakumar; Sampath Marimuthu; Asokan Bagavan; Chidambaram Jayaseelan; Abdul Abduz Zahir; Gandhi Elango; Chinnaperumal Kamaraj

2011-01-01

226

Synthesis of monodisperse silver nanoparticles for ink-jet printed flexible electronics  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, monodisperse silver nanoparticles were synthesized with a new reduction system consisting of adipoyl hydrazide and dextrose at ambient temperature. By this facile and rapid approach, high concentration monodisperse silver nanoparticles were obtained on a large scale at low protectant/AgNO3 mass ratio which was highly beneficial to low cost and high conductivity. Based on the synthesized monodisperse silver nanoparticles, conductive inks were prepared with water, ethanol and ethylene glycol as solvents, and were expected to be more environmentally friendly. A series of electrocircuits were fabricated by ink-jet printing silver nanoparticle ink on paper substrate with a commercial printer, and they had low resistivity in the range of 9.18 × 10 - 8-8.76 × 10 - 8 ? m after thermal treatment at 160 °C for 30 min, which was about five times that of bulk silver (1.586 × 10 - 8 ? m). Moreover, a radio frequency identification (RFID) antenna was fabricated by ink-jet printing, and 6 m wireless identification was realized after an Alien higgs-3 chip was mounted on the printed antenna by the flip-chip method. These flexible electrocircuits produced by ink-jet printing would have enormous potential for low cost electrodes and sensor devices.

Zhang, Zhiliang; Zhang, Xingye; Xin, Zhiqing; Deng, Mengmeng; Wen, Yongqiang; Song, Yanlin

2011-10-01

227

Synthesis of monodisperse silver nanoparticles for ink-jet printed flexible electronics.  

PubMed

In this study, monodisperse silver nanoparticles were synthesized with a new reduction system consisting of adipoyl hydrazide and dextrose at ambient temperature. By this facile and rapid approach, high concentration monodisperse silver nanoparticles were obtained on a large scale at low protectant/AgNO(3) mass ratio which was highly beneficial to low cost and high conductivity. Based on the synthesized monodisperse silver nanoparticles, conductive inks were prepared with water, ethanol and ethylene glycol as solvents, and were expected to be more environmentally friendly. A series of electrocircuits were fabricated by ink-jet printing silver nanoparticle ink on paper substrate with a commercial printer, and they had low resistivity in the range of 9.18 × 10( - 8)-8.76 × 10( - 8) ? m after thermal treatment at 160?°C for 30 min, which was about five times that of bulk silver (1.586 × 10( - 8) ? m). Moreover, a radio frequency identification (RFID) antenna was fabricated by ink-jet printing, and 6 m wireless identification was realized after an Alien higgs-3 chip was mounted on the printed antenna by the flip-chip method. These flexible electrocircuits produced by ink-jet printing would have enormous potential for low cost electrodes and sensor devices. PMID:21937786

Zhang, Zhiliang; Zhang, Xingye; Xin, Zhiqing; Deng, Mengmeng; Wen, Yongqiang; Song, Yanlin

2011-10-21

228

Enhancement of antidandruff activity of shampoo by biosynthesized silver nanoparticles from Solanum trilobatum plant leaf  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present investigation describes simple and effective method for synthesis of silver nanoparticles via green route. Solanum trilobatum Linn extract were prepared by both conventional and homogenization method. We optimized the production of silver nanoparticles under sunlight, microwave and room temperature. The best results were obtained with sunlight irradiation, exhibiting 15-20 nm silver nanoparticles having cubic and hexagonal shape. Biosynthesized nanoparticles were highly toxic to various bacterial strains tested. In this study we report antibacterial activity against various Gram negative ( Klebsiella pneumoniae, Vibrio cholerae and Salmonella typhi) and Gram positive ( Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and Micrococcus luteus) bacterial strains. Screening was also performed for any antifungal properties of the nanoparticles against human pathogenic fungal strains ( Candida albicans and Candida parapsilosis). We also demonstrated that these nanoparticles when mixed with shampoo enhance the anti-dandruff effect against dandruff causing fungal pathogens ( Pityrosporum ovale and Pityrosporum folliculitis). The present study showed a simple, rapid and economical route to synthesize silver nanoparticles and their applications hence has a great potential in biomedical field.

Pant, Gaurav; Nayak, Nitesh; Gyana Prasuna, R.

2013-10-01

229

Silver nanoparticles: synthesis and application in mineralization of pesticides using membrane support  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Pesticides are deliberately used for controlling the pests in agriculture and public health, due to which, a part of it is present in the drinking water. Due to their widespread use, they are present in both surface and ground water. Most of the pesticides are resistant to biodegradation and are found to be carcinogenic in nature even at trace levels. Conventional methods of pesticide removal are disadvantageous due to their inherent time consumption or expensiveness. Nanoparticles alleviate both of these drawbacks and hence, they can be effectively utilized for the mineralization of pesticides. To prevent the presence of nanoparticles in the purified water after mineralization of pesticides, they need to be incorporated on a support. In earlier studies, researchers employed activated carbon and alumina as support for silver nanoparticles in pesticide mineralization. However, not many studies have been carried out on polymeric membranes as support for silver nanoparticles in the mineralization of pesticides (chlorpyrifos and malathion). With this in view, a detailed study has been carried out to estimate the mineralization potential of silver nanoparticles (synthesized using glucose) supported on cellulose acetate membrane. It is observed that the silver nanoparticles can effectively mineralize the pesticides, and the concentration of nanoparticles enhances the rate of mineralization.

Manimegalai, G.; Shanthakumar, S.; Sharma, Chandan

2014-05-01

230

New pathway for sonoelectrochemical synthesis of gold?silver alloy nanoparticles from their bulk substrates  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this study, we report the first sonoelectrochemical methods to prepare gold-silver alloy nanoparticles with the mean diameter of 5 nm in 0.1 N HCl aqueous solutions without addition of any stabilizer. First, a silver substrate was roughened by a triangular-wave oxidation-reduction cycle (ORC) in an aqueous containing 0.1 N HCl. Silver-containing complexes were found in the solution after the ORC treatment. Then a gold substrate was subsequently roughened by the similar ORC treatment in the same solution containing the silver complexes. After this procedure Au- and Ag-containing complexes were left in the solution. Then the Au working electrode was immediately replaced by a Pt electrode and a cathodic overpotential of 0.6 V from the open circuit potential (OCP) of ca. 0.75 V vs Ag/AgCl was applied under sonification to synthesize Au-Ag alloy nanoparticles.

Liu, Yu-Chuan; Lee, Hsun-Tsing; Peng, Hsueh-Hsin

2004-12-01

231

Fabrication of tunable grating with silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A tunable grating was fabricated with silver nanoparticles in a gradient increase of nanoparticle size along the grating direction in this study. Owing to the gradual increment of the nanoparticle size, the first order diffraction efficiencies of incident light presented as a function of the impinging position of the probe beam. Via a probe of monochromatic light ranged from 450 to 750 nm, the positive and the negative first order diffraction efficiency were measured by rotating the optical detector. It was noted that the maximum positive and negative diffraction efficiency appeared at around 600 and 700 nm, respectively. The difference in the peak wavelength of these two diffraction efficiency exhibited the diffraction property was strongly affected by the gradient variation of the localized surface plasmon effect. The first order diffraction efficiency spectra affected by the various excitations of the localized surface plasmons with the taper size distribution of nanoparticles were the special discovery of the study and may lead to a potential development in light modulation and manipulation.

Liu, Tung-Kai; Hung, Wen-Chi; Tsai, Ming-Shan; Tsao, Yong-Chang; Jiang, I.-Min

2009-06-01

232

Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Gold and Silver Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Monodisperse samples of silver nanocubes were synthesized in large quantities by reducing silver nitrate with ethylene glycol in the presence of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). These cubes were single crystals and were characterized by a slightly truncated shape bounded by {100}, {110}, and {111} facets. The presence of PVP and its molar ratio (in terms of repeating unit) relative to silver

Yugang Sun; Younan Xia

2002-01-01

233

Characterization and antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles prepared by a thermal decomposition technique  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Recently, there has been an increasing need of efficient synthetic protocols using eco-friendly conditions including low costs and green chemicals for production of metal nanoparticles. In this work, silver nanoparticles (silver NPs) with average particle size about 10 nm were synthesized by using a thermal decomposition technique. Unlike the colloidal chemistry method, the thermal decomposition method developed has advantages such as the high crystallinity, single-reaction synthesis, and easy dispersion ability of the synthesized NPs in organic solvents. In a modified synthesis process, we used sodium oleate as a capping agent to modify the surface of silver NPs because the oleate has a C18 tail with a double bond in the middle, therefore, forming a kink which is to be effective for aggregative stability. Importantly, the as-synthesized silver NPs have demonstrated strong antimicrobial effects against various bacteria and fungi strains. Electron microscopic studies reveal physical insights into the interaction and bactericidal mechanism between the prepared silver NPs and tested bacteria in question. The observed excellent antibacterial and antifungal activity of the silver NPs make them ideal for disinfection and biomedicine applications.

Tam, Le Thi; Phan, Vu Ngoc; Lan, Hoang; Thuy, Nguyen Thanh; Hien, Tran Minh; Huy, Tran Quang; Quy, Nguyen Van; Chinh, Huynh Dang; Tung, Le Minh; Tuan, Pham Anh; Lam, Vu Dinh; Le, Anh-Tuan

2013-11-01

234

Spectroscopy study of silver nanoparticles fabrication using synthetic humic substances and their antimicrobial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this present study, silver nanoparticles were synthesized using synthetic humic substances (HSs) as reducing and stabilizing agents. Preference of synthetic HSs over natural humic matter is determined by a standardization problem resolution of the product due to the strict control of conditions of the synthetic HSs formation. It allows to receive the silver nanoparticles with the standardized biologically-active protective shell that is very important for their use, mainly in medicine. The concentration of sodium hydroxide, synthetic HSs, silver nitrate and temperature employed in the synthesis process are optimized to attain better yield, controlled size and stability by means of UV-visible technique. In the optimal reaction conditions the concentrated silver colloids (55 mM) with 99.99% yield are obtained which were stable for more than 1 year under ambient conditions. The received silver nanoparticles are characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), FT-IR spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles against fungal and bacterial strains is also shown.

Litvin, Valentina A.; Minaev, Boris F.

2013-05-01

235

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from the extract of the inflorescence of Cocos nucifera (Family: Arecaceae) for enhanced antibacterial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Green synthesis of nanoparticles using plant source has been given much importance. In the present study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using the ethyl acetate and methanol (EA: M 40:60) extracts of the inflorescence of the tree Cocous nucifera. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscope, FTIR and TEM analysis. The particle size of the synthesized AgNPs was 22 nm as confirmed by TEM. The qualitative assessment of reducing potential of the extracts of inflorescence indicated the presence of reducing agents. Synthesized AgNPs exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against human bacterial pathogens viz., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella paratyphi.

Mariselvam, R.; Ranjitsingh, A. J. A.; Usha Raja Nanthini, A.; Kalirajan, K.; Padmalatha, C.; Mosae Selvakumar, P.

2014-08-01

236

A novel photosynthesis of carboxymethyl starch-stabilized silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The water soluble photoinitiator (PI) 4-(trimethyl ammonium methyl) benzophenone chloride is used for the first time in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). A new green synthesis method involves using PI/UV system, carboxymethyl starch (CMS), silver nitrate, and water. A mechanism of the reduction of silver ions to AgNPs by PI/UV system as well as by the newly born aldehydic groups was proposed. The synthesis process was assessed by UV-vis spectra and TEM of AgNPs colloidal solution. The highest absorbance was obtained using CMS, PI and AgNO3 concentrations of 10 g/L, 1 g/L, and 1 g/L, respectively; 40 °C; 60 min; pH 7; and a material : liquor ratio 1 : 20. AgNPs so-obtained were stable in aqueous solution over a period of three weeks at room temperature (~25 °C) and have round shape morphology. The sizes of synthesized AgNPs were in the range of 1-21 nm and the highest counts % of these particles were for particles of 6-10 and 1-3 nm, respectively. PMID:24672325

El-Sheikh, M A

2014-01-01

237

A Novel Photosynthesis of Carboxymethyl Starch-Stabilized Silver Nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

The water soluble photoinitiator (PI) 4-(trimethyl ammonium methyl) benzophenone chloride is used for the first time in the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). A new green synthesis method involves using PI/UV system, carboxymethyl starch (CMS), silver nitrate, and water. A mechanism of the reduction of silver ions to AgNPs by PI/UV system as well as by the newly born aldehydic groups was proposed. The synthesis process was assessed by UV-vis spectra and TEM of AgNPs colloidal solution. The highest absorbance was obtained using CMS, PI and AgNO3 concentrations of 10?g/L, 1?g/L, and 1?g/L, respectively; 40°C; 60?min; pH 7; and a material?:?liquor ratio 1?:?20. AgNPs so-obtained were stable in aqueous solution over a period of three weeks at room temperature (~25°C) and have round shape morphology. The sizes of synthesized AgNPs were in the range of 1–21?nm and the highest counts % of these particles were for particles of 6–10 and 1–3?nm, respectively.

El-Sheikh, M. A.

2014-01-01

238

Ultrafast electronic relaxation processes in semiconductor nanoparticles (silver iodide, silver iodide/silver sulfide, silver bromide/silver sulfide, silver sulfide, cupric sulfide, and copper sulfide) and carotenoids  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This dissertation examines primarily the ultrafast dynamics of excited state charge carriers in semiconductor nanoparticles. The dissertation also briefly examines the excited state lifetimes of a few carotenoids. Understanding the dynamic properties of charge carriers in semiconductor nanoparticles is crucial for the further development of applications utilizing these systems. The dynamic properties including shallow and deep trapping as well as recombination have been studied in a variety of semiconductor nanoparticle systems. Kinetic modeling was utilized to assist in the assignment of all observed signals and the nature of the decays. The first observation of ultrafast trapping in silver halides was observed in AgI nanoparticles including the identification that interstitial silver ions may act as deep traps. Several interesting phenomena were observed in Ag2S and CuxS nanoparticles including dark shallow trap states and shallow trap state saturation leading to increased transient absorption over transient bleach with increasing excitation intensity. These observations have provided further insight into the relaxation pathways for charge carriers in semiconductor nanoparticle systems. Lifetimes of the S2 excited states of four carotenoids have also been determined. The S2 lifetime for beta-carotene was confirmed from previous fluorescence up-conversion experiments whereas the S2 lifetimes that were previously unknown for three carotenoids, violaxanthin, neaxanthin, and lutein were discovered. These experiments together demonstrate the capabilities of femtosecond pump-probe spectroscopy to characterize and better understand the processes involved in the ultrafast relaxation events in both molecular and nanoparticle systems.

Brelle, Michael Chris

239

Shape effects in plasmon resonance of individual colloidal silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

We present a systematic study of the effect of size and shape on the spectral response of individual silver nanoparticles. An experimental method has been developed that begins with the detection and characterization of isolated nanoparticles in the optical far field. The plasmon resonance optical spectrum of many individual nanoparticles are then correlated to their size and shape using high-resolution

J. J. Mock; M. Barbic; D. R. Smith; D. A. Schultz; S. Schultz

2002-01-01

240

Doubly localized surface plasmon resonance in bimodally distributed silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Growth of bimodally distributed silver nanoparticles using sequential physical vapour deposition (PVD) is reported. Growth conditions of nanoparticles are defined in the following three steps: In the first step, nanoparticles are grown at a heated substrate and then exposed to atmosphere, in the second step, nanoparticles are vacuum annealed and finally re-deposition of silver is performed in the third step. This special way of deposition leads to the formation of bimodally distributed nanoparticles. It has been investigated that by changing the deposition time, different sets of bimodally distributed nanoparticles can be grown. Localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) of such bimodally distributed nanoparticles generates double plasmon resonance peaks with overlapped absorption spectra. Double plasmon resonance peaks provide a quick indication of the existence of two sets of nanoparticles. LSPR spectra of such bimodally distributed nanoparticles could be modeled with double Lorentz oscillator model. Inclusion of double Lorentz oscillator model indicates that there exist two sets of non-interacting nanoparticles resonating at different plasma frequencies. It is also reported that silver nanoparticles grown at a heated substrate, again attain the new shape while being exposed to atmosphere, followed by vacuum annealing at the same temperature. This is because of physisorption of oxygen at the silver surface and change in surface free energy. The re-shaping due to the adsorbed oxygen on the surface is responsible for bimodal size distribution of nanoparticles. PMID:22905497

Ranjan, M

2012-06-01

241

Reprotoxicity of gold, silver, and gold-silver alloy nanoparticles on mammalian gametes.  

PubMed

Metal and alloy nanoparticles are increasingly developed for biomedical applications, while a firm understanding of their biocompatibility is still missing. Various properties have been reported to influence the toxic potential of nanoparticles. This study aimed to assess the impact of nanoparticle size, surface ligands and chemical composition of gold, silver or gold-silver alloy nanoparticles on mammalian gametes. An in vitro assay for porcine gametes was developed, since these are delicate primary cells, for which well-established culture systems exist and functional parameters are defined. During coincubation with oocytes for 46 h neither any of the tested gold nanoparticles nor the gold-silver alloy particles with a silver molar fraction of up to 50% showed any impact on oocyte maturation. Alloy nanoparticles with 80% silver molar fraction and pure silver nanoparticles inhibited cumulus-oocyte maturation. Confocal microscopy revealed a selective uptake of gold nanoparticles by oocytes, while silver and alloy particles mainly accumulated in the cumulus cell layer surrounding the oocyte. Interestingly sperm vitality parameters (motility, membrane integrity and morphology) were not affected by any of the tested nanoparticles. Only sporadic association of nanoparticles with the sperm plasma membrane was found by transmission electron microscopy. In conclusion, mammalian oocytes were sensitive to silver containing nanoparticles. Likely, the delicate process of completing meiosis in maternal gametes features high vulnerability towards nanomaterial derived toxicity. The results imply that released Ag(+)-ions are responsible for the observed toxicity, but the compounding into an alloy seemed to alleviate the toxic effects to a certain extent. PMID:24171189

Tiedemann, Daniela; Taylor, Ulrike; Rehbock, Christoph; Jakobi, Jurij; Klein, Sabine; Kues, Wilfried A; Barcikowski, Stephan; Rath, Detlef

2014-03-01

242

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles in montmorillonite and their antibacterial behavior  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized by the chemical reducing method in the external and interlamellar space of montmorillonite (MMT) as a solid support at room temperature. AgNO3 and NaBH4 were used as a silver precursor and reducing agent, respectively. The most favorable experimental conditions for synthesizing Ag NPs in the MMT are described in terms of the initial concentration of AgNO3. The interlamellar space limits changed little (d-spacing = 1.24–1.47 nm); therefore, Ag NPs formed on the MMT suspension with d-average = 4.19–8.53 nm diameter. The Ag/MMT nanocomposites (NCs), formed from AgNO3/MMT suspension, were characterizations with different instruments, for example UV-visible, PXRD, TEM, SEM, EDXRF, FT-IR, and ICP-OES analyzer. The antibacterial activity of different sizes of Ag NPs in MMT were investigated against Gram-positive, ie, Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and Gram-negative bacteria, ie, Escherichia coli, Escherichia coli O157:H7, and Klebsiella pneumoniae, by the disk diffusion method using Mueller-Hinton agar (MHA). The smaller Ag NPs were found to have significantly higher antibacterial activity. These results showed that Ag NPs can be used as effective growth inhibitors in different biological systems, making them applicable to medical applications.

Shameli, Kamyar; Ahmad, Mansor Bin; Zargar, Mohsen; Yunus, Wan Md Zin Wan; Rustaiyan, Abdolhossein; Ibrahim, Nor Azowa

2011-01-01

243

Orientation of N-(1-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide on silver nanoparticles: SERS studies.  

PubMed

In the present study, the silver nanoparticles were synthesized using a solution combustion method with urea as fuel. The prepared silver nanoparticles show an FCC crystalline structure with particle size of 59nm. FESEM image shows the prepared silver is a rod like structure. The surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectrum indicates that the N-(1-(2-chlorophenyl)-2-(2-nitrophenyl)ethyl)-4-methylbenzenesulfonamide (CS) molecule adsorbed on the silver nanoparticles. The spectral analysis reveals that the sulfonamide is adsorbed by tilted orientation on the silver surface. The Hatree Fock calculations were also performed to predict the vibrational motions of CS. This present investigation has been a model system to deduce the interaction of drugs with DNA. PMID:24835927

Anuratha, M; Jawahar, A; Umadevi, M; Sathe, V G; Vanelle, P; Terme, T; Meenakumari, V; Milton Franklin Benial, A

2014-10-15

244

Diffusion mediated growth of (111) oriented silver nanoparticles in polyvinyl alcohol film under 6 MeV electron irradiation  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver (111) nanoparticles were synthesized by diffusing silver from a solution into polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) films under 6 MeV electron irradiation at room temperature (~25 °C). The diffusion of silver in the PVA was confirmed by the Rutherford backscattering spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy techniques. The plasmon absorption peak at ~426 nm was an evidence for the initiation of the diffusion mediated growth of silver nanoparticles. The x-ray diffraction results and the blueshift in the plasmon absorption peak reveal that the size of silver nanoparticles could be tailored in the range from 35 to 15 nm by varying the electron fluence over the range of 1014-1015 e/cm2.

Bogle, K. A.; Dhole, S. D.; Bhoraskar, V. N.

2006-06-01

245

Non-hazardous anticancerous and antibacterial colloidal 'green' silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Poly(ethylene glycol) stabilized colloidal silver nanoparticles were prepared using the reductive potency of the aqueous extract of Thuja occidentalis leaves under ambient conditions. The nanoparticles were well dispersed within a narrow size spectrum (7-14 nm) and displayed characteristic surface plasmon resonance peak at around 420 nm and Bragg's reflection planes of fcc structure. MTT assay revealed the dose-dependent cytocompatibility and toxicity of the nanoparticles with the L929 normal cell line. On the other hand, the antiproliferative action of the nanoparticles was evaluated on HeLa cell (cancerous cells) line. Fluorescence and phase contrast microscopic imaging indicated the appearance of multinucleate stages with aggregation and nuclear membrane disruption of the HeLa cells post treatment with the nanoparticles. The interaction at the prokaryotic level was also assessed via differential antibacterial efficacy against Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC 3160) and Escherichia coli (MTCC 40). Under these perspectives, it is also necessary to observe the environmental impact of the prepared silver nanoparticles. Hence, the dose dependent toxicity of silver nanoparticles was evaluated upon the earthworm species Eisenia fetida. Neither the survival nor the reproduction was affected by the addition of silver nanoparticles up to 1000 ppm. Thus these 'green' silver nanoparticles have promising potential as future materials. PMID:23352940

Barua, Shaswat; Konwarh, Rocktotpal; Bhattacharya, Satya Sundar; Das, Pallabi; Devi, K Sanjana P; Maiti, Tapas K; Mandal, Manabendra; Karak, Niranjan

2013-05-01

246

Preparation of solid silver nanoparticles for inkjet printed flexible electronics with high conductivity.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles (NPs) which could be kept in solid form and were easily stored without degeneration or oxidation at room temperature for a long period of time were synthesized by a simple and environmentally friendly wet chemistry method in an aqueous phase. Highly stable dispersions of aqueous silver NP inks, sintered at room temperature, for printing highly conductive tracks (?8.0 ?? cm) were prepared simply by dispersing the synthesized silver NP powder in water. These inks are stable, fairly homogeneous and suitable for a wide range of patterning techniques. The inks were successfully printed on paper and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) substrates using a common color printer. Upon annealing at 180 °C, the resistivity of the printed silver patterns decreased to 3.7 ?? cm, which is close to twice that of bulk silver. Various factors affecting the resistivity of the printed silver patterns, such as annealing temperature and the number of printing cycles, were investigated. The resulting high conductivity of the printed silver patterns reached over 20% of the bulk silver value under ambient conditions, which enabled the fabrication of flexible electronic devices, as demonstrated by the inkjet printing of conductive circuits of LED devices. PMID:24337051

Shen, Wenfeng; Zhang, Xianpeng; Huang, Qijin; Xu, Qingsong; Song, Weijie

2014-01-16

247

Malva parviflora extract assisted green synthesis of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Five plant leaf extracts (Malva parviflora, Beta vulgaris subsp. Vulgaris, Anethum graveolens, Allium kurrat and Capsicum frutescens) were screened for their bioreduction behavior for synthesis of silver nanoparticles. M. parviflora (Malvaceae) was found to exhibit the best reducing and protecting action in terms of synthesis rate and monodispersity of the prepared silver nanoparticles. Our measurements indicate that biosynthesis of Ag nanoparticles by M. parviflora produces Ag nanoparticles with the diameters in the range of 19-25 nm. XRD studies reveal a high degree of crystallinity and monophasic Ag nanoparticles of face-centered cubic structure. FTIR analysis proved that particles are reduced and stabilized in solution by the capping agent that is likely to be proteins secreted by the biomass. The present process is an excellent candidate for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles that is simple, easy to perform, pollutant free and inexpensive. PMID:23010627

Zayed, Mervat F; Eisa, Wael H; Shabaka, A A

2012-12-01

248

Malva parviflora extract assisted green synthesis of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Five plant leaf extracts (Malva parviflora, Beta vulgaris subsp. Vulgaris, Anethum graveolens, Allium kurrat and Capsicum frutescens) were screened for their bioreduction behavior for synthesis of silver nanoparticles. M. parviflora (Malvaceae) was found to exhibit the best reducing and protecting action in terms of synthesis rate and monodispersity of the prepared silver nanoparticles. Our measurements indicate that biosynthesis of Ag nanoparticles by M. parviflora produces Ag nanoparticles with the diameters in the range of 19-25 nm. XRD studies reveal a high degree of crystallinity and monophasic Ag nanoparticles of face-centered cubic structure. FTIR analysis proved that particles are reduced and stabilized in solution by the capping agent that is likely to be proteins secreted by the biomass. The present process is an excellent candidate for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles that is simple, easy to perform, pollutant free and inexpensive.

Zayed, Mervat F.; Eisa, Wael H.; Shabaka, A. A.

2012-12-01

249

Anticancer activity of Moringa oleifera mediated silver nanoparticles on human cervical carcinoma cells by apoptosis induction.  

PubMed

Silver nanomaterial plays a crucial role in the growing field of nanotechnology as there is an increasing commercial demand for silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) owing to their wide biological applications. The present investigation aims at developing anti-cancerous colloidal silver using Moringa olifera stem bark extract. Electron and atomic force microscopic images were taken to analyze the surface morphology of the synthesized AgNPs. The effects of synthesized AgNPs were tested against human cervical carcinoma cells (HeLa) and cell morphology was further evaluated using 4,6-diamidino-2-phenylindole (DAPI) staining. The efficiency of green synthesized AgNPs was studied with the help of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) and was shown to induce apoptosis through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in HeLa cells. PMID:24681047

Vasanth, Karunamoorthy; Ilango, Kaliappan; MohanKumar, Ramasamy; Agrawal, Aruna; Dubey, Govind Prasad

2014-05-01

250

Optical, structural and morphological properties of silver nanoparticles and its influence on the photocatalytic activity of TiO2  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were synthesized by solution combustion method using glycine and citric acid as fuels. The prepared Ag NPs were characterized by optical absorption spectroscopy, X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), High Resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy (HRTEM), Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and Energy Dispersion Spectroscopic (EDS) techniques. Surface plasmon resonance peak was appeared at 410 and 418 nm for glycine (GAg) and citric acid (CAg) assisted silver nanoparticles respectively. The silver NPs are fcc in crystal structure. The calculated average particle size from XRD was found around 29 nm for GAg and 41 nm for CAg. HRTEM image shows that the silver nanoparticles have strain and fivefold symmetry formed by twinning in the crystal structure. The photocatalytic activity of TiO2 nanoparticles with Ag NPs were also elucidated and were found that the Ag NPs enhance the photocatalytic activity of TiO2.

Umadevi, M.; Jegatha Christy, A.

2013-07-01

251

Preparation of silver nanoparticle containing silica micro beads and investigation of their antibacterial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticle containing silica micro beads (Ag-NPBs) were successfully prepared by using sodium silicate, a cheap precursor, involving chemical reductive method. First, silica gel was synthesized and crushed into micro beads which have sizes ranging from 0.5 to 1 mm. Silica micro beads were then modified with 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane to graft amino functional groups onto their surface. Silver ions were loaded onto the surface of the modified silica and reduced to silver crystal by adding NaBH 4. The presence of silver nanoparticles as well as structure of materials was characterized with FT-IR, XRD, BET, FE-SEM, TEM, UV-vis spectrophotometer, and optical microscope. Silver nanoparticles with an average size about 5 nm were found in the pore and on the surface of amino functionalized silica beads. Ag-NPBs samples were tested for their antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli ( E. coli). The antibacterial activity was examined by both zone inhibition and test tube test method. Biological results indicated that the synthesized materials have an excellent antibacterial performance against E. coli which was completely inhibited after 5 min contact with Ag-NPBs.

Quang, Dang Viet; Sarawade, Pradip B.; Hilonga, Askwar; Kim, Jong-Kil; Chai, Young Gyu; Kim, Sang Hoon; Ryu, Jae-Yong; Kim, Hee Taik

2011-05-01

252

Properties of flame synthesized germanium oxide nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Germanium oxide (GeOx) nanoparticles in the size range from 1.5 to 10 nm were synthesized in a low-pressure premixed H2/O2/Ar flame in the pressure range 25-55 mbar. The flame was doped with different amounts of tetramethylgermanium (Ge(CH3)4) ranging from 500 to 2000 ppm. The influence of process parameters such as pressure, flame coordinate, and cold gas flow velocity with respect to growth of germanium oxide particles were investigated. The formed particles were analyzed in-situ according to their mass and charge by means of a particle mass spectrometer (PMS). The specific surface area was determined ex-situ by the BET method. The crystal structure and chemical composition of the produced nanopowder was characterized by EDX and XRD measurements. Additionally, the particles were analyzed by means of FT-IR spectroscopy. PMID:15913252

Simanzhenkov, Vasily; Wiggers, Hartmut; Roth, Paul

2005-03-01

253

Investigation of silver nanoparticles synthesis using aminated ?-cyclodextrin.  

PubMed

Aminated ?-cyclodextrin was prepared through the reaction of 2-chloroethylamine with ?-cyclodextrin. The preparation was carried out under different conditions (time, temperature, concentration of NaOH, and concentration of 2-chloroethylamine). The aminated ?-cyclodextrin was used as reducing and stabilizing agent for the preparation of silver nanoparticles from AgNO?. Factors (pH, temperature, time, extent of amination and concentration of aminated ?-cyclodextrin) affecting the preparation of silver nanoparticles were studied. The prepared silver nanoparticles were evaluated by UV-visible spectral analysis and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results obtained indicate that the optimum conditions for preparation of silver nanoparticles with size ranged from 1 to 9 nm could be produced using 0.6 g ?-cyclodextrin derivative, 0.1 M AgNO? at pH 12, 70 °C for 20 min. PMID:24750595

Abou-Okeil, A; Amr, A; Abdel-Mohdy, F A

2012-06-01

254

Silver Nanoparticles Part 1: Synthesis and Spectroscopy  

NSDL National Science Digital Library

The NACK Center is an organization committed to supporting two âÂÂyear degree programs in micro and nanotechnology. The center offers online educational material for curriculum enhancement in this subject field. One of these resources is a lab documentation focusing on the topic of silver nanoparticles. The lab is "designed for an advanced chemistry class, but may also be done with first year student. Prior experience with spectroscopy is recommended.â The lesson includes objectives, sample solution preparations, and sample data and calculations. Overall, the objectives of this lesson are to demonstrate the use of a spectrophotometer, the observation of nanoscale physical properties and conversion of different unit measurements. The site requires a free log-in for access to the material.

2010-03-31

255

Silver-nanoparticle based bactericidal coating for poly(glycolide-co-lactide) suture threads obtained by the method of laser ablation of bulk targets in alcohol solutions  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A laser ablation method is suggested to synthesize a dispersion of silver nanoparticles to create a bactericidal coating of biodegradable suture material from poly(glycolide-co-lactide) using a bulk target immersed in a liquid. The laser ablation method with nanosecond excitation by a Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm, 7 ns) is used to obtain silver nanoparticles with mean diameter of 27 nm in ethanol. Nanoparticle concentrations up to 12 mass% were obtained on the polymer surfaces by multiple impregnation.

Babkina, O. V.; Svetlichnyi, V. A.; Lapin, I. N.; Novikov, V. T.; Nemoikina, A. L.

2013-09-01

256

Preparation of inorganic silica nanofibers containing silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silica nanofibers containing silver nanoparticles were successfully prepared using sol-gel chemistry and electro-spinning\\u000a technique. Solution of tetraethly orthosilicate in ethanol containing silver nitrate was aged to have sufficient viscosity\\u000a and electrospun to form nanofibers. Upon thermal treatment, the gelation reaction between silanols was completed in the prepared\\u000a silica nanofibers, and at the same time, silver ions in the nanofiber changed

Kyung Dan Min; Ji Ho Youk; Young-Je Kwark; Won Ho Park

2007-01-01

257

One-step synthesis of silver nanoparticles in an aqueous solution and their antibacterial activities  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

A one-step simple synthesis of silver colloid nanoparticles with controllable sizes is presented in this research. In the synthesis, an amino-terminated hyperbranched polymer (HBP-NH2) was applied as a stabilizer and a reductant. The syntheses, performed at various initial AgNO3 concentrations (0.28-0.56 g/l) in a 2 g/l HBP-NH2 aqueous solution, produced silver colloid nanoparticles having average sizes from 3 to 30 nm with narrow size distributions. The formation of silver colloid nanoparticles was characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometry (FTIR), Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS), Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM), UV/Visible Absorption Spectrophotometry, and X-ray Diffraction (XRD) measurements. The results indicated that both particle size and the UV absorption are strongly dependent on the initial AgNO3 concentrations. The silver colloid nanoparticles, prepared with a 0.35 g/l AgNO3 aqueous solution in the presences of 2 g/l HBP-NH2, showed good antibacterial activities against Gram-negative bacteria ( Escherichia coli) and Gram-positive bacteria ( Staphylococcus aureus). A very low concentration of nano-silver (as low as 3.0 ug/ml Ag) also gave excellent antibacterial performance.

Zhang, Guangyu; Zhang, Feng; Morikawa, Hideaki; Chen, Yueyue

2014-03-01

258

Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of gelatin doped with silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

In this study, silver nanoparticles were synthesized by chemical reduction of silver salt (AgNO3) solution. Formation of nanoparticles was confirmed by UV-visible spectrometry. The surface plasmon resonance peak is located at 430 nm. Doping of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) with gelatin biopolymer was studied. The silver content in the polymer matrix was in the range of 0.4-1 wt%. The formation of nanoparticles disappeared for silver content higher than 1 wt%. The morphology and interaction of gelatin doped with Ag NPs was examined by transmission electron microscopy and FTIR spectroscopy. The content of Ag NPs has a pronounced effect on optical and structural properties of gelatin. Optical parameters such as refractive index, complex dielectric constant were calculated. The dispersion of the refractive index was discussed in terms of the single--oscillator Wemple-DiDomenico model. Color properties of the prepared samples were discussed in the framework of CIE L(*)u(*)v(*) color space. PMID:23978746

Mahmoud, K H; Abbo, M

2013-12-01

259

Label-free immunosensor based on gold nanoparticle silver enhancement  

Microsoft Academic Search

A label-free immunosensor for the sensitive detection of human immunoglobulin G (IgG) was prepared based on gold nanoparticle–silver enhancement detection with a simple charge-coupled device (CCD) detector. The gold nanoparticles, which were used as nuclei for the deposit of metallic silver and also for the adsorption of antibodies, were immobilized into wells of a 9-well chip. With the addition of

Minghui Yang; Cunchang Wang

2009-01-01

260

Silver nanoprism enhanced fluorescence in YVO4:Eu3+ nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Silver nanoprisms of different sizes influence fluorescence enhancement in YVO4:Eu(3+) nanoparticles to various degrees under excitation of green light (532 nm). The local field generated by silver nanoprisms and their dimers is simulated through the FDTD method and a direct correlation with fluorescence enhancement is established. PMID:24013681

Buch, Zubair; Kumar, Vineet; Mamgain, Hitesh; Chawla, Santa

2013-10-21

261

Antimicrobial properties of hydrated cellulose membranes with silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Microbial cellulose membranes have attracted a great deal of attention as novel wound-dressing materials, especially for the healing of skin burns and chronic wounds, because of their high water holding capacity and biocompatibility. However, the high humidity around the wound sometimes allows the growth of bacteria, as well as the regeneration of the tissue. In this study, silver nanoparticles were incorporated into the cellulose membranes via a chemical reduction method using a silver salt, silver nitrate (AgNO(3)) and a reducing agent, sodium borohydride (NaBH(4)). The silver nanoparticles were evenly adsorbed on the overall surface of the cellulose nanofibrils without any local aggregation and had a spherical shape with uniform size (8+/-2 nm) which allowed them to show antimicrobial properties. The interaction between the oxygen in cellulose and silver nanoparticles resulted in the stable adsorption of the silver nanoparticles on cellulose nanofibrils. The cellulose membrane with silver nanoparticles exhibited an antimicrobial activity of more than 99.99% against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, so that it could be used as an antimicrobial wound-dressing material for chronic wounds and burns. PMID:19192358

Jung, Rira; Kim, Yeseul; Kim, Hun-Sik; Jin, Hyoung-Joon

2009-01-01

262

Green and Rapid Synthesis of Anticancerous Silver Nanoparticles by Saccharomyces boulardii and Insight into Mechanism of Nanoparticle Synthesis  

PubMed Central

Rapidly developing field of nanobiotechnology dealing with metallic nanoparticle (MNP) synthesis is primarily lacking control over size, shape, dispersity, yield, and reaction time. Present work describes an ecofriendly method for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) by cell free extract (CFE) of Saccharomyces boulardii. Parameters such as culture age (stationary phase growth), cell mass concentration (400?mg/mL), temperature (35°C), and reaction time (4?h), have been optimized to exercise a control over the yield of nanoparticles and their properties. Nanoparticle (NP) formation was confirmed by UV-Vis spectroscopy, elemental composition by EDX (energy dispersive X-rays) analysis, and size and shape by transmission electron microscopy. Synthesized nanoparticles had the size range of 3–10?nm with high negative zeta potential (?31?mV) indicating excellent stability. Role of proteins/peptides in NP formation and their stability were also elucidated. Finally, anticancer activity of silver nanoparticles as compared to silver ions was determined on breast cancer cell lines.

Kaler, Abhishek; Jain, Sanyog; Banerjee, Uttam Chand

2013-01-01

263

Sweeter but deadlier: decoupling size, charge and capping effects in carbohydrate coated bactericidal silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles are widely used due to their biomedical-antibacterial applications. At the same time, the stabilization of these nanoparticles is challenging and may be made using polymeric carbohydrates, based on the practice of avoiding toxic chemicals and undesirable residues. In this study, we synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) which were stabilized by carbohydrates (potato starch and chitosan) and characterized by UV-Vis spectroscopy, zeta potential and transmission electron microscopy techniques. Bactericidal efficiency of AgNPs capped with different carbohydrates was tested demonstrating that the synthesized materials were able to inhibit the growth of two clinical/medical relevant bacteria strains (Escherichia coil and Staphylococcus aureus). AgNPs stabilized by chitosan presented enhanced bactericidal activity if compared to the ones synthesized in presence of potato starch. This difference is mainly attributed to the known antibacterial properties of chitosan associated to overall positive charge of the nanoparticles capped by this polymer. Those nanoparticles obtained in presence of starch presented minor bactericidal effects since the starch-capping agent is not able to contribute to the avoidance of bacteria growth and confers a quasi-neutral charge to the nanoparticle. PMID:24059081

de Oliveira, Luciane França; Gonçalves, Julianna de Oliveira; Gonçalves, Kaliandra de Almeida; Kobarg, Jörg; Cardoso, Mateus Borba

2013-11-01

264

Silver nanoparticle applications and human health.  

PubMed

Nanotechnology is rapidly growing with nanoparticles produced and utilized in a wide range of commercial products throughout the world. For example, silver nanoparticles (Ag NP) are used in electronics, bio-sensing, clothing, food industry, paints, sunscreens, cosmetics and medical devices. These broad applications, however, increase human exposure and thus the potential risk related to their short- and long-term toxicity. A large number of in vitro studies indicate that Ag NPs are toxic to the mammalian cells derived from skin, liver, lung, brain, vascular system and reproductive organs. Interestingly, some studies have shown that this particle has the potential to induce genes associated with cell cycle progression, DNA damage and apoptosis in human cells at non-cytotoxic doses. Furthermore, in vivo bio-distribution and toxicity studies in rats and mice have demonstrated that Ag NP administered by inhalation, ingestion or intra-peritoneal injection were subsequently detected in blood and caused toxicity in several organs including brain. Moreover, Ag NP exerted developmental and structural malformations in non-mammalian model organisms typically used to elucidate human disease and developmental abnormalities. The mechanisms for Ag NP induced toxicity include the effects of this particle on cell membranes, mitochondria and genetic material. This paper summarizes and critically assesses the current studies focusing on adverse effects of Ag NPs on human health. PMID:20719239

Ahamed, Maqusood; Alsalhi, Mohamad S; Siddiqui, M K J

2010-12-14

265

LL37 peptide@silver nanoparticles: combining the best of the two worlds for skin infection control.  

PubMed

Capping silver nanoparticles with LL37 peptide eradicates the antiproliferative effect of silver on primary skin cells, but retains the bactericidal properties of silver nanoparticles with activities comparable to silver nitrate or silver sulfadiazine. In addition, LL37 capped silver nanoparticles have anti-biofilm formation activity. PMID:24789474

Vignoni, Mariana; de Alwis Weerasekera, Hasitha; Simpson, Madeline J; Phopase, Jaywant; Mah, Thien-Fah; Griffith, May; Alarcon, Emilio I; Scaiano, Juan C

2014-06-01

266

Fluorescence quenching and photocatalytic degradation of textile dyeing waste water by silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) of different sizes have been prepared by chemical reduction method and characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Fluorescence spectral analysis showed that the quenching of fluorescence of textile dyeing waste water (TDW) has been found to decrease with decrease in the size of the Ag NPs. Experimental results show that the silver nanoparticles can quench the fluorescence emission of adsorbed TDW effectively. The fluorescence interaction between Ag NPs (acceptor) and TDW (donor) confirms the Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) mechanism. Long range dipole-dipole interaction between the excited donor and ground state acceptor molecules is the dominant mechanism responsible for the energy transfer. Furthermore, photocatalytic degradation of TDW was measured spectrophotometrically by using silver as nanocatalyst under UV light illumination. The kinetic study revealed that synthesized Ag NPs was found to be effective in degrading TDW. PMID:24632164

Kavitha, S R; Umadevi, M; Janani, S R; Balakrishnan, T; Ramanibai, R

2014-06-01

267

In situ formation of silver nanoparticles in linear and branched polyelectrolyte matrices using various reducing agents  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized in linear and branched polyelectrolyte matrices using different reductants and distinct synthesis conditions. The effect of the host hydrolyzed linear polyacrylamide and star-like copolymers dextran-graft-polyacrylamide of various compactness, the nature of the reductant, and temperature were studied on in situ synthesis of silver sols. The related nanosystems were analyzed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis absorption spectrophotometry. It was established that the internal structure of the polymer matrix as well as the nature of the reductant determines the process of the silver nanoparticle formation. Specifically, the branched polymer matrices were much more efficient than the linear ones for stable nanosystem preparation.

2014-01-01

268

In situ formation of silver nanoparticles in linear and branched polyelectrolyte matrices using various reducing agents  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles were synthesized in linear and branched polyelectrolyte matrices using different reductants and distinct synthesis conditions. The effect of the host hydrolyzed linear polyacrylamide and star-like copolymers dextran-graft-polyacrylamide of various compactness, the nature of the reductant, and temperature were studied on in situ synthesis of silver sols. The related nanosystems were analyzed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and UV-vis absorption spectrophotometry. It was established that the internal structure of the polymer matrix as well as the nature of the reductant determines the process of the silver nanoparticle formation. Specifically, the branched polymer matrices were much more efficient than the linear ones for stable nanosystem preparation.

Chumachenko, Vasyl; Kutsevol, Nataliya; Rawiso, Michel; Schmutz, Marc; Blanck, Christian

2014-04-01

269

Fluorescence quenching and photocatalytic degradation of textile dyeing waste water by silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) of different sizes have been prepared by chemical reduction method and characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy and transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Fluorescence spectral analysis showed that the quenching of fluorescence of textile dyeing waste water (TDW) has been found to decrease with decrease in the size of the Ag NPs. Experimental results show that the silver nanoparticles can quench the fluorescence emission of adsorbed TDW effectively. The fluorescence interaction between Ag NPs (acceptor) and TDW (donor) confirms the Förster Resonance Energy Transfer (FRET) mechanism. Long range dipole-dipole interaction between the excited donor and ground state acceptor molecules is the dominant mechanism responsible for the energy transfer. Furthermore, photocatalytic degradation of TDW was measured spectrophotometrically by using silver as nanocatalyst under UV light illumination. The kinetic study revealed that synthesized Ag NPs was found to be effective in degrading TDW.

Kavitha, S. R.; Umadevi, M.; Janani, S. R.; Balakrishnan, T.; Ramanibai, R.

2014-06-01

270

Anti-proliferative activity of silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Background Nanoparticles possess exceptional physical and chemical properties which led to rapid commercialisation. Silver nanoparticles (Ag-np) are among the most commercialised nanoparticles due to their antimicrobial potential. Ag-np based cosmetics, therapeutic agents and household products are in wide use, which raised a public concern regarding their safety associated with human and environmental use. No safety regulations are in practice for the use of these nanomaterials. The interactions of nanomaterials with cells, uptake mechanisms, distribution, excretion, toxicological endpoints and mechanism of action remain unanswered. Results Normal human lung fibroblasts (IMR-90) and human glioblastoma cells (U251) were exposed to different doses of Ag-nps in vitro. Uptake of Ag-nps occurred mainly through endocytosis (clathrin mediated process and macropinocytosis), accompanied by a time dependent increase in exocytosis rate. The electron micrographs revealed a uniform intracellular distribution of Ag-np both in cytoplasm and nucleus. Ag-np treated cells exhibited chromosome instability and mitotic arrest in human cells. There was efficient recovery from arrest in normal human fibroblasts whereas the cancer cells ceased to proliferate. Toxicity of Ag-np is mediated through intracellular calcium (Ca2+) transients along with significant alterations in cell morphology and spreading and surface ruffling. Down regulation of major actin binding protein, filamin was observed after Ag-np exposure. Ag-np induced stress resulted in the up regulation of metallothionein and heme oxygenase -1 genes. Conclusion Here, we demonstrate that uptake of Ag-np occurs mainly through clathrin mediated endocytosis and macropinocytosis. Our results suggest that cancer cells are susceptible to damage with lack of recovery from Ag-np-induced stress. Ag-np is found to be acting through intracellular calcium transients and chromosomal aberrations, either directly or through activation of catabolic enzymes. The signalling cascades are believed to play key roles in cytoskeleton deformations and ultimately to inhibit cell proliferation.

AshaRani, PV; Hande, M Prakash; Valiyaveettil, Suresh

2009-01-01

271

Formation of silver nanoparticles on polypropylene microfibrous carriers  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Methods of physical and numerical experiments are used to investigate formation of quantum dissipative silver nanostructures on polypropylene microfibrous condensed-state carriers under two-stage activation by UV- and microwave radiation. For these two nanoprocessing stages, two different mechanisms of quantum activated silver nanoparticle relaxation are suggested, including dissipation of their energy into the polymeric matrix through the exciton femtosecond and phonon picosecond channels. A comparison of the results of mathematical modeling and physical experiments testifies to the adequacy of these models to the physical processes of self-assembly and self-organization of polymeric biomimetic fibrous material modified by silver nanoparticles.

Zhukovsky, M. S.; Lysak, I. A.; Lysak, G. V.; Vazhenin, S. V.; Malinovskaya, T. D.; Beznosjuk, S. A.

2011-12-01

272

Poly(ethylene) glycol-capped silver and magnetic nanoparticles: synthesis, characterization, and comparison of bactericidal and cytotoxic effects.  

PubMed

Silver and magnetic (Fe3O4) nanoparticles have attracted wide attention as novel antimicrobial agents due to their unique chemical and physical properties. In order to study the comparative effects on antibacterial and animal cytotoxicity, Staphylococcus aureus and NIH 3T3 fibroblasts were used, respectively. Both nanoparticles were synthesized via a novel matrix-mediated method using poly(ethylene) glycol. Formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by fluorescence and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopic techniques. The poly(ethylene) glycol-coated silver and Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by scanning electron microscope, transmission electron microscope, zeta potential, particle size analysis, Fourier-transform infrared, X-ray diffraction, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The antimicrobial results indicate that both poly(ethylene) glycol-coated silver and Fe3O4 nanoparticles inhibited S. aureus growth at the concentrations of 5 and 10?µg/mL at all time points without showing any significant cytotoxicity on NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. The particle size of both the poly(ethylene) glycol-coated silver and Fe3O4 nanoparticles dominated in the range 10-15?nm, obtained by particle size analyzer. The poly(ethylene) glycol coating on the particles showed less aggregation of nanoparticles, as observed by scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope. The overall obtained results indicated that these two nanoparticles were stable and could be used to develop a magnetized antimicrobial scaffolds for biomedical applications. PMID:23959858

Mandal, A; Sekar, S; Chandrasekaran, N; Mukherjee, A; Sastry, T P

2013-11-01

273

Electrochemical solid-state phase transformations of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-capped silver nanoparticles (ATP-Ag NPs) were synthesized by reduction of AgNO(3) with borohydride in water with ATP as a capping ligand. The NPs obtained were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis. A typical preparation produced ATP-Ag NPs with diameters of 4.5 ± 1.1 nm containing ~2800 Ag atoms and capped with 250 ATP capping ligands. The negatively charged ATP caps allow NP incorporation into layer-by-layer (LbL) films with poly(diallyldimethylammonium) chloride at thiol-modified Au electrode surfaces. Cyclic voltammetry in a single-layer LbL film of NPs showed a chemically reversible oxidation of Ag NPs to silver halide NPs in aqueous halide solutions and to Ag(2)O NPs in aqueous hydroxide solutions. TEM confirmed that this takes place via a redox-driven solid-state phase transformation. The charge for these nontopotactic phase transformations corresponded to a one-electron redox process per Ag atom in the NP, indicating complete oxidation and reduction of all Ag atoms in each NP during the electrochemical phase transformation. PMID:22385520

Singh, Poonam; Parent, Kate L; Buttry, Daniel A

2012-03-28

274

Bioactive compound loaded stable silver nanoparticle synthesis from microwave irradiated aqueous extracellular leaf extracts of Naringi crenulata and its wound healing activity in experimental rat model.  

PubMed

An efficient and eco-friendly protocol for the synthesis of bioactive silver nanoparticles was developed using Naringi crenulata leaf extracts via microwave irradiation method. Silver nanoparticles were synthesized by treating N. crenulata leaf extracts with 1mM of aqueous silver nitrate solution. An effective bioactive compound such as alkaloids, phenols, saponins and quinines present in the N. crenulata reduces the Ag(+) into Ag(0). The synthesized silver nanoparticles were monitored by UV-vis spectrophotometer and further characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier Transform Infra Red (FTIR), Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM). UV-vis spectroscopy showed maximum absorbance at 390nm due to surface plasmon resonance of AgNPs. From FESEM results, an average crystal size of the synthesized nanoparticle was 72-98nm. FT-IR results showed sharp absorption peaks and they were assigned to phosphine, alkyl halides and sulfonate groups. Silver nanoparticles synthesized were generally found to be spherical and cubic shape. Topical application of ointment prepared from silver nanoparticles of N. crenulata were formulated and evaluated in vivo using the excision wound healing model on Wistar albino rats. The measurement of the wound areas was performed on 3rd, 6th, 9th, 12th and 15th days and the percentage of wound closures was calculated accordingly. By the 15th day, the ointment base containing 5% (w/w) of silver nanoparticles showed 100% wound healing activity compared with that of the reference as well as control bases. The results strongly suggested that the batch C ointment containing silver nanaoparticles synthesized from the leaf extracts of N. crenulata was found to be very effective in wound repair and encourages harnessing the potentials of the plant biomolecules loaded silver nanoparticle in the treatment of tropical diseases including wound healing. PMID:24681224

Bhuvaneswari, T; Thiyagarajan, M; Geetha, N; Venkatachalam, P

2014-07-01

275

Environmental and Human Health Risks of Aerosolized Silver Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are gaining attention from the academic and regulatory communities, not only because of their antimicrobial effects and subsequent product applications, but also because of their potential health and environmental risks. Whereas AgNPs in the aqueous phase are under intensive study, those in the atmosphere have been largely overlooked, although it is well established that inhalation of nanoparticles

Marina E. Quadros; Linsey C. Marr; Krzysztof Pikon´; Krzysztof Gaska; Lingjuan Wang; Edgar Oviedo-Rondon; John Small; Zifei Liu; Brian Sheldon; Gerald Havenstein; C. Williams; Di Tian; Daniel Cohan; Sergey Napelenok; Michelle Bergin; Yongtao Hu; Michael Chang; Armistead Russell; Ye Xu; Guohe Huang; Xiaosheng Qin; Kuo-Pin Yu; Grace Lee; Guo-Hao Huang; Prabhakar Sharma; Tjalfe Poulsen; William Vizuete; Leiran Biton; Harvey Jeffries; Evan Couzo; Yi-Chi Chien; Chenju Liang; Shou-Heng Liu; Shu-Hua Yang; Maciej Kryza; Malgorzata Werner; Marek Blas; Anthony Dore; Mieczyslaw Sobik; Daniel Olsen; Morgan Kohls; Gregg Arney; Kaushlendra Singh; L. Risse; K. C. Das; John Worley; Sidney Thompson; Bryan Comer; James Corbett; J. Hawker; Karl Korfmacher; Earl Lee; Chris Prokop; James Winebrake

2010-01-01

276

Mechanically interlocked gold and silver nanoparticles using metallosupramolecular catenane chemistry.  

PubMed

We have employed the toolbox of metallosupramolecular chemistry to mechanically interlock gold and silver nanoparticles. A specifically designed PEGthiol-functionalized bis(phenanthroline)copper(I) complex acts to 'catenate' the nanoparticles. The interlocked assemblies were characterised by three complementary techniques: DLS, SERS and TEM. PMID:21264434

Otter, Carl A; Patty, Philipus J; Williams, Martin A K; Waterland, Mark R; Telfer, Shane G

2011-03-01

277

Novel technique for fine structuring in glass containing silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Direct current (dc) electric field assisted dissolution of silver nanoparticles embedded in glass is presented. Using the presented technique 125, 600 and 1800 lines of embedded metallic structures per millimeter are easily produced. ©2005 Optical Society of America OCIS codes: Lately composite materials containing metal nanoparticles have increasingly found various applications in different fields of science and technology (1-3). In

Amin Abdolvand; Alexander Podlipensky; Gerhard Seifert; Peter G. Kazansky; Heinrich Graener

278

Radiolytically induced formation and optical absorption spectra of colloidal silver nanoparticles in supercritical ethane.  

SciTech Connect

Colloidal silver nanoparticles were synthesized in supercritical ethane at 80 {sup o}C and 80-120 bar, with methanol as cosolvent. Solvated electrons, produced by a pulse of 20 MeV electrons, reduced the silver ions. The time-resolved technique of pulse radiolysis was employed to characterize the reduction products and colloidal metallic particles. The absorption spectra of small silver clusters (Ag{sub 2}{sup +}, Ag{sub 3}{sup +}, Ag{sub 4}{sup 2+}, etc.) were detected at short times after the pulse. Colloidal metallic silver particles were identified by their characteristic plasmon absorption at 1-10 s after the pulse. Colloidal particles are stable for hours in supercritical ethane. The particles are less than 10 nm in diameter. Their size was determined using transmission electron microscope after precipitation from the solution.

Dimitrijevic, N. M.; Bartels, D. M.; Jonah, C. D.; Takahashi, K.; Rajh, T.; Chemistry

2001-02-08

279

Size-dependent structure of silver nanoparticles under high pressure  

SciTech Connect

Silver noble metal nanoparticles that are<10 nm often possess multiply twinned grains allowing them to adopt shapes and atomic structures not observed in bulk materials. The properties exhibited by particles with multiply twinned polycrystalline structures are often far different from those of single-crystalline particles and from the bulk. I will present experimental evidence that silver nanoparticles<10 nm undergo a reversible structural transformation under hydrostatic pressures up to 10 GPa. Results for nanoparticles in the intermediate size range of 5 to 10 nm suggest a reversible linear pressure-dependent rhombohedral distortion which has not been previously observed in bulk silver. I propose a mechanism for this transitiion that considers the bond-length distribution in idealized multiply twinned icosahedral particles. Results for nanoparticles of 3.9 nm suggest a reversible linear pressure-dependent orthorhombic distortion. This distortion is interpreted in the context of idealized decahedral particles. In addition, given these size-dependent measurements of silver nanoparticle compression with pressure, we have constructed a pressure calibration curve. Encapsulating these silver nanoparticles in hollow metal oxide nanospheres then allows us to measure the pressure inside a nanoshell using x-ray diffraction. We demonstrate the measurement of pressure gradients across nanoshells and show that these nanoshells have maximum resolved shear strengths on the order of 500 MPa to IGPa.

Koski, Kristie Jo

2008-12-31

280

Laser based fabrication of chitosan mediated silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report fabrication of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) by laser ablation technique in different concentrations of aqueous chitosan solution. The ablation process of silver plate was carried out by using a nanosecond Q-switched Nd:YAG pulsed laser and the characterization of Ag NPs was done by Transmission electron microscopy, UV-Vis spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction. UV-visible plasmon absorption spectra revealed that the formation efficiency as well as the stability of nanoparticles was increased by addition of chitosan. On the other hand, the size decrement of nanoparticles was more remarkable in the higher chitosan concentration.

Zamiri, Reza; Azmi, B. Z.; Naseri, Mahmoud Goodarz; Ahangar, Hossein Abbastabar; Darroudi, Majid; Nazarpour, Forough Kalaei

2011-10-01

281

Core-shell silver nanoparticles for optical labeling of cells.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles have been modified with self-assembled monolayers of hydroxyl-terminated long chain thiols and encapsulated with a silica shell. The resulting core-shell nanoparticles were used as optical labels for cell analysis using flow cytometry and microscopy. The excitation of plasmon resonances in nanoparticles results in strong depolarized scattering of visible light, permitting detection at the single nanoparticle level. The nanoparticles were modified with neutravidin via epoxide-azide coupling chemistry, to which biotinylated antibodies targeting cell surface receptors were bound. The nanoparticle labels exhibited long-term stability in solutions with high salt concentrations without aggregation or silver etching. Labeled cells exhibited two orders of magnitude enhancement of the scattering intensity compared with unlabeled cells. PMID:24755004

Dukes, Kyle D; Christensen, Kenneth A; Chumanov, George

2014-08-01

282

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using polysaccharides extracted from marine macro algae.  

PubMed

Green synthesis of nanoparticles that have environmentally acceptable solvent systems and eco-friendly reducing agents is of great importance. The aim of this work was to synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using water soluble polysaccharides extracted from four marine macro-algae, namely, Pterocladia capillacae (Pc), Jania rubins (Jr), Ulva faciata (Uf), and Colpmenia sinusa (Cs) as reducing agents for silver ions as well as stabilizing agents for the synthesized AgNPs. The formed Ag-NPs have been confirmed by UV-Vis spectroscopy, FTIR analysis and TEM. The resultant Ag-NPs colloidal solutions were applied to cotton fabrics in presence and absence of citric acid (CA) or a binder (B). The antimicrobial activity of the treated fabrics was evaluated. The results revealed that the antimicrobial activity depends on type of the fabric treatment, size of the synthesized Ag-NPs and the algal species used for polysaccharides extraction. PMID:23768580

El-Rafie, H M; El-Rafie, M H; Zahran, M K

2013-07-25

283

Preparation of mono-dispersed silver nanoparticles assisted by chitosan-g-poly(?-caprolactone) micelles and their antimicrobial application  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Amphiphilic chitosan-graft-poly(?-caprolactone) (CS-g-PCLs) copolymers were synthesized by a homogeneous coupling method and characterized by 1H NMR, FTIR and ninhydrin assay. The graft copolymers were subsequently self-assembled into micelles, which were measured by DLS and TEM. The particle size of the micelles decreased as the segment grafting fraction was increased. Thereafter, silver nanoparticles were prepared in the presence of chitosan-based micelles under UV irradiation. The molar ratio and radiation time of silver to micelles were optimized with process monitored via UV–vis spectrophotometer. DLS and TEM were used to illustrate the particle structure and size while XRD patterns were applied to characterize the crystal structures of polymer-assisted silver nanoparticles. Films impregnated with silver nanoparticles were conducted with results of strong antimicrobial activities against Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus as model Gram-negative and positive bacteria.

Gu, Chunhua; Zhang, Huan; Lang, Meidong

2014-05-01

284

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Gloriosa superba L. leaf extract and their catalytic activity.  

PubMed

The present work focuses the use of aqueous extract of Gloriosa superba Linn. (Glory Lily) for producing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from silver nitrate aqueous solution. Phytochemical analysis of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloid, amino acids, carbohydrates and proteins in the extract and they serve as effective reducing and capping agents for converting silver nitrate to silver nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were characterised by UV (Ultra violet), FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infrared), XRD (X-ray diffraction), TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope) SEM-EDX (Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray), and PL (Photoluminescence) studies. Moreover, the catalytic activity of synthesized AgNPs in the reduction of methylene blue was studied by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The synthesized AgNPs are observed to have a good catalytic activity on the reduction of methylene blue by G. superba extract which is confirmed by the decrease in absorbance maximum values of methylene blue with respect to time using UV-vis spectrophotometer. PMID:23860402

Ashokkumar, S; Ravi, S; Velmurugan, S

2013-11-01

285

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from Gloriosa superba L. leaf extract and their catalytic activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present work focuses the use of aqueous extract of Gloriosa superba Linn. (Glory Lily) for producing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) from silver nitrate aqueous solution. Phytochemical analysis of the extract revealed the presence of alkaloid, amino acids, carbohydrates and proteins in the extract and they serve as effective reducing and capping agents for converting silver nitrate to silver nanoparticles. The nanoparticles were characterised by UV (Ultra violet), FT-IR (Fourier Transform Infrared), XRD (X-ray diffraction), TEM (Transmission Electron Microscope) SEM-EDX (Scanning Electron Microscopy-Energy Dispersive X-ray), and PL (Photoluminescence) studies. Moreover, the catalytic activity of synthesized AgNPs in the reduction of methylene blue was studied by UV-vis spectrophotometer. The synthesized AgNPs are observed to have a good catalytic activity on the reduction of methylene blue by G. superba extract which is confirmed by the decrease in absorbance maximum values of methylene blue with respect to time using UV-vis spectrophotometer.

Ashokkumar, S.; Ravi, S.; Velmurugan, S.

2013-11-01

286

Facile route for preparation of silver nanoparticle-coated precipitated silica  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this research, a facile route was used to prepare silver nanoparticle-coated precipitated silica using sodium silicate, a cheap precursor. Precipitated silica (PS) was synthesized by dropping 8% H 2SO 4 into a mixed solution of sodium silicate 24% (Na 2O·3.4SiO 2) and NaCl 4%; under constant stirring. The precipitated silica was then modified by simultaneous addition of 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (3-APTES) and 8% H 2SO 4. The resulting material was aged at 80 °C for 1 h to produce amino-functionalized precipitated silica (AFPS). Silver nanoparticle-coated precipitated silica (Ag-NPS) was synthesized by adding silver nitrate (AgNO 3). The synthesis procedure also involved mixing for 2 h and dropping 0.05 M sodium borohydride (NaBH 4). The final products, namely, PS, AFPS, and Ag-NPS were characterized using BET analyzer, FE-SEM, TEM and XRD. Silver nanoparticles with an average size ranging from 18 to 25 nm were found mostly coated on the exterior layer of the precipitated silica. The synthesis method reported in this work is facile and might be used for large-scale industrial production of inexpensive Ag-NPS.

Quang, Dang Viet; Sarawade, Pradip B.; Hilonga, Askwar; Park, Sung Dae; Kim, Jong-Kil; Kim, Hee Taik

2011-02-01

287

In Vitro Toxicity of Silver Nanoparticles in Human Lung Epithelial Cells.  

National Technical Information Service (NTIS)

Nanotechnology is quickly becoming incorporated into everyday products and uses. Silver nanoparticles, specifically, are being used in commercial products, to include aerosols. The purpose of this research was to determine whether silver nanoparticles are...

C. R. Kearns

2009-01-01

288

Grafting and coloring onto silver nanoparticles by photoinduced surface modification.  

PubMed

Surface modification of metal nanostructures can create multifunctional materials potentially very useful in many application fields and, consequently, has been the subject of intensive studies. This work reported the modification of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) by UV-induced interface reactions, a method controllable in both the color and the surface chemistry of the nanoparticles. Using poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (PVP) as the protecting polymer, Ag NPs were synthesized in ethanol and then mixed with alpha-bromoisobutyric acid (BIBA). When the mixture is exposed to UV irradiation, Ag NPs present themselves in a serial tone from pale blue to blue, dark blue, and finally purple with the progress of the interface reactions. It is shown that these color changes are directly related to the chemical components on the surface of Ag NPs, and hence the correlation of the colors with the chemical states of main components on the surface of Ag NPs has been made during the course of interface reactions. PMID:19715270

Zhang, Hucheng; Zhang, Liwei; Wang, Jianji

2009-09-23

289

Silver-nanoparticle-embedded antimicrobial paints based on vegetable oil  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Developing bactericidal coatings using simple green chemical methods could be a promising route to potential environmentally friendly applications. Here, we describe an environmentally friendly chemistry approach to synthesize metal-nanoparticle (MNP)-embedded paint, in a single step, from common household paint. The naturally occurring oxidative drying process in oils, involving free-radical exchange, was used as the fundamental mechanism for reducing metal salts and dispersing MNPs in the oil media, without the use of any external reducing or stabilizing agents. These well-dispersed MNP-in-oil dispersions can be used directly, akin to commercially available paints, on nearly all kinds of surface such as wood, glass, steel and different polymers. The surfaces coated with silver-nanoparticle paint showed excellent antimicrobial properties by killing both Gram-positive human pathogens (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli). The process we have developed here is quite general and can be applied in the synthesis of a variety of MNP-in-oil systems.

Kumar, Ashavani; Vemula, Praveen Kumar; Ajayan, Pulickel M.; John, George

2008-03-01

290

Green synthesis and characterization of polymer-stabilized silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) were synthesized using a facile green chemistry synthetic route. The reaction occurred at ambient temperature with four reducing agents introduced to obtain nanoscale Ag-NPs. The variables of the green synthetic route, such as acidity, concentration of starting materials, and molar ratio of reactants were optimized. Dispersing agents were employed to prevent Ag-NPs from aggregating. Advanced instrumentation techniques, such as X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), and phase analysis light scattering technique (ZetaPALS) were applied to characterize the morphology, particle size distribution, elemental composition, and electrokinetic behavior of the Ag-NPs. UV-vis spectra detected the characteristic plasmon at approximately 395-410 nm; and XRD results were indicative of face-centered cubic phase structure of Ag. These particles were found to be monodispersed and highly crystalline, displaying near-spherical appearance, with average particle size of 10.2 nm using citrate or 13.7 nm using ascorbic acid as reductants from particle size analysis by ZetaPALS, respectively. The rapid electrokinetic behavior of the Ag was evaluated using zetapotential (from -40 to -42 mV), which was highly dependant on nanoparticle acidity and particle size. The current research opens a new avenue for the green fabrication of nanomaterials (including variables optimization and aggregation prevention), and functionalization in the field of nanocatalysis, disinfection, and electronics. PMID:19539451

Medina-Ramirez, Iliana; Bashir, Sajid; Luo, Zhiping; Liu, Jingbo Louise

2009-10-15

291

Hepatocurative activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles fabricated using Andrographis paniculata.  

PubMed

The current investigation was aimed to determine the hepatocurative role of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) synthesized rapidly using Andrographis paniculata. The nanoparticles fabricated at varying temperatures were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy (UV-vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FTIR), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) and inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES) alongside zeta potential measurement. UV-vis spectroscopic readings indicated a prominent peak at 423 nm. TEM analysis indicated that the biosynthesized nanospheres were in the size range of 13-27 nm. EDX spectrum indicated strong signal for AgNPs with 90.1% purity. The total concentration of AgNps was 216.7 mg/L after synthesis as by ICP-OES. Zeta potential was -34.3 mV indicating stable AgNPs. In vitro radical scavenging assay proved strong antioxidant effect of the AgNPs compared to 5% aqueous leaf extract. CCl(4) was used to induce hepatic injury in mice model. The biosynthesized AgNPs at three different doses (25, 50, 100mg/kg BW of the animal) were used for treatment. Silymarin was used as a standard. Low dose (25mg/kg BW) was effective in revival of all biological parameters to near normal in all intoxicated groups indicating the curing effects on CCl(4) induced liver injury. PMID:23018020

Suriyakalaa, Udhayaraj; Antony, Jacob Joe; Suganya, Subramanian; Siva, Durairaj; Sukirtha, Raman; Kamalakkannan, Soundarrajan; Pichiah, P B Tirupathi; Achiraman, Shanmugam

2013-02-01

292

Impact of silver nanoparticles and silver ions on innate immune cells.  

PubMed

Silver is commonly used as an antibacterial agent, e.g., in various medical applications, and the availability of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) has fueled this development. Their antibacterial properties are well defined, whereas there are concerns regarding unknown and potentially harmful effects of AgNPs on immune cells and an ongoing immune reaction. Aim of the present study is a comparison of the effects of AgNPs and ionic silver (Ag+) on cells of the innate immune system, in particular on neutrophil granulocytes and macrophages. The AgNPs were synthesized within hydroxylated polyester dendrimer templates via an in situ approach, generating five kinds of AgNPs with mean diameters from 2.0 to 34.7 nm.4 No impact is observed on phagocytosis and oxidative burst, as well as activation of the promoter for the pro-inflammatory cytokine TNF-alpha. In contrast, both AgNPs and Ag+, but not the dendrimer templates, trigger the release of neutrophil extracellular traps and inhibit the formation of nitric monoxide. On the molecular level, AgNPs and Ag+ cause elevated intracellular levels of reactive oxygen species and the second messenger Zn2+. Moreover, protein phosphatases are inhibited by an oxidative mechanism. Taken together, there are several effects of AgNPs on neutrophil granulocytes and macrophages in vitro, but these are not specific for AgNP, instead they are also observed with Ag+, and Ag+ released from AgNPs seems to be the component responsible for most of the particles' immunomodulatory activity. PMID:24749409

Haase, Hajo; Fahmi, Amir; Mahltig, Boris

2014-06-01

293

Structural and morphological investigations of ?-cyclodextrin-coated silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

This paper describes the synthesis of silver nanoparticles using an aqueous silver nitrate solution in the presence of glucose as a reducing agent, sodium hydroxide as a reaction catalyst and ?-CD as a stabilizer. The structure and the morphology associated to the stabilizing layer around the silver nanoparticles were investigated. Raman spectroscopy confirmed the nanoparticle surface modification by ?-CD, demonstrating the interaction between the ?-CD rim hydroxyl groups and the AgNP surface. Transmission electron microscopy images showed an average 28.0nm diameter pseudo-spherical nanoparticles. Apart from this, a novel characterization of the ?-CD layer surrounding the nanoparticles was carried out by using complementary analytical electron microscopy based on electron spectroscopy imaging in the transmission microscope. Mapping images revealed the presence of carbon and oxygen, demonstrating the existence of a uniform and interacting ?-CD layer covering the nanoparticles. The antibacterial activity was also investigated and the ?-CD-coated silver nanoparticles showed a promising bactericidal activity against the microorganism Escherichia coli. PMID:24780436

Andrade, Patricia Fernanda; de Faria, Andreia Fonseca; da Silva, Douglas Soares; Bonacin, Juliano Alves; Gonçalves, Maria do Carmo

2014-06-01

294

One-step green synthesis and characterization of leaf extract-mediated biocompatible silver and gold nanoparticles from Memecylon umbellatum  

PubMed Central

In this experiment, green-synthesized silver and gold nanoparticles were produced rapidly by treating silver and gold ions with an extract of Memecylon umbellatum leaf. The reaction process was simple and easy to handle, and was monitored using ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy. The effect of the phytochemicals present in M. umbellatum, including saponins, phenolic compounds, phytosterols, and quinones, on formation of stable silver and gold nanoparticles was investigated by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The morphology and crystalline phase of the nanoparticles were determined by transmission electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. The results indicate that the saponins, phytosterols, and phenolic compounds present in the plant extract play a major role in formation of silver and gold nanoparticles in their respective ions in solution. The characteristics of the nanoparticles formed suggest application of silver and gold nanoparticles as chemical sensors in the future. Given the simple and eco-friendly approach for synthesis, these nanoparticles could easily be commercialized for large-scale production.

Arunachalam, Kantha D; Annamalai, Sathesh Kumar; Hari, Shanmugasundaram

2013-01-01

295

Inhibitory effects of silver nanoparticles on H1N1 influenza A virus in vitro  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles have demonstrated efficient inhibitory activities against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV). However, the effects of silver nanoparticles against H1N1 influenza A virus remain unexplored. In this study, the interaction of silver nanoparticles with H1N1 influenza A virus was investigated. Silver nanoparticles with mean particle diameters of 10nm were prepared for the hemagglutination inhibition test,

Dong-xi Xiang; Qian Chen; Lin Pang; Cong-long Zheng

2011-01-01

296

Synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles using Cynodon dactylon leaves and assessment of their antibacterial activity.  

PubMed

Many methods of synthesizing silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) by reducing Ag? ions using aqueous/organic extracts of various plants have been reported in the past, but the methods are rather slow. In this investigation, silver nanoparticles were quickly synthesized from aqueous silver nitrate through a simple method using leaf extract of a plant--Cynodon dactylon which served as reducing agent, while sunlight acted as a catalyst. The formation of Ag-NPs was indicated by gradual change in colour and pH and confirmed by ultraviolet--visible spectroscopy. The Ag-NPs showed a surface plasmon resonance at 451 nm. Based on the decrease in pH, a possible mechanism of the synthesis of Ag-NPs involving hydroxyl (OH?) ions of polyphenols of the leaf extract is postulated. Ag-NPs having (111) and (200) crystal lattices were confirmed by X-ray diffraction. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the spherical nature of the Ag-NPs, while transmission electron microscopy showed that the nanoparticles were polydispersed with a size range of 8-10 nm. The synthesized Ag-NPs also demonstrated their antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhimurium. PMID:23111848

Sahu, Nidhi; Soni, Deepika; Chandrashekhar, B; Sarangi, Bijaya Ketan; Satpute, Devanand; Pandey, Ram Avatar

2013-07-01

297

Biogenic silver nanoparticles using Rhinacanthus nasutus leaf extract: synthesis, spectral analysis, and antimicrobial studies.  

PubMed

Nanotechnology is gaining momentum due to its ability to transform metals into nanoparticles. The synthesis, characterization, and applications of biologically synthesized nanomaterials have become an important branch of nanotechnology. Plant extracts are a cost-effective, ecologically friendly, and efficient alternative for the large-scale synthesis of nanoparticles. In this study, silver nanoparticles (AgNps) were synthesized using Rhinacanthus nasutus leaf extract. After exposing the silver ions to the leaf extract, the rapid reduction of silver ions led to the formation of AgNps in solution. The synthesis was confirmed by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The in vitro antimicrobial activity of the AgNps synthesized using R. nasutus leaf extract was investigated against Bacillus subtilis, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus flavus using a disc diffusion method. The AgNps showed potential activity against all of the bacterial strains and fungal colonies, indicating that R. nasutus has the potential to be used in the development of value-added products in the biomedical and nanotechnology-based industries. PMID:24039419

Pasupuleti, Visweswara Rao; Prasad; Shiekh, Rayees Ahmad; Balam, Satheesh Krishna; Narasimhulu, Ganapathi; Reddy, Cirandur Suresh; Ab Rahman, Ismail; Gan, Siew Hua

2013-01-01

298

Low temperature plasma sintering of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The fabrication of flexible electronics using the deposition of solution-processed nanomaterials generally requires low-temperature post-processing to optimize functionality. We studied sintering of silver nanoparticle (AgNP) films on glass substrates by applying argon (Ar) plasma to achieve improved electrical conductivity. This process meets the low temperature processing requirements for standard low-cost polymeric flexible substrates. The relationship between plasma parameters (such as power and sintering time) versus sintering results (such as electrical sheet resistance, sintered structure depth, materials composition variation, and film nanostructure) is reported for 23 and 77 nm diameter AgNPs. In addition, plasma processing typically induces a small surface thermal effect. We monitored the surface temperatures of the AgNP films in-situ during plasma sintering. By sintering control groups at these monitored surface temperatures using a vacuum oven, we confirmed that the resistivity due to plasma sintering is less than that produced by thermal sintering. Our data show that, the measured lowest resistivities for plasma sintered AgNP films are about only 5 and 12 times greater than the bulk Ag resistivity for 23 and 77 nm, respectively.

Ma, Siyuan; Bromberg, Vadim; Liu, Liang; Egitto, Frank D.; Chiarot, Paul R.; Singler, Timothy J.

2014-02-01

299

Catalytic degradation of organic dyes using biosynthesized silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The green synthesis of metallic nanoparticles paved the way to improve and protect the environment by decreasing the use of toxic chemicals and eliminating biological risks in biomedical applications. Plant mediated synthesis of metal nanoparticles is gaining more importance owing to its simplicity, rapid rate of synthesis of nanoparticles and eco-friendliness. The present article reports an environmentally benign and unexploited method for the synthesis of silver nanocatalysts using Trigonella foenum-graecum seeds, which is a potential source of phytochemicals. The UV-visible absorption spectra of the silver samples exhibited distinct band centered around 400-440 nm. The major phytochemicals present in the seed extract responsible for the formation of silver nanocatalysts are identified using FTIR spectroscopy. The report emphasizes the effect of the size of silver nanoparticles on the degradation rate of hazardous dyes, methyl orange, methylene blue and eosin Y by NaBH4. The efficiency of silver nanoparticles as a promising candidate for the catalysis of organic dyes by NaBH4 through the electron transfer process is established in the present study. PMID:24210247

Vidhu, V K; Philip, Daizy

2014-01-01

300

Eco-friendly synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles with enhanced bactericidal activity and study of silver catalyzed reduction of 4-nitrophenol.  

PubMed

The present study reports a simple and robust method for synthesis of silver and gold nanoparticles using Coleus forskohlii root extract as reducing and stabilizing agent. Stable silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and gold nanopoarticles (AuNPs) were formed on treatment of an aqueous silver nitrate (AgNO3) and chloroauric acid (HAuCl4) solutions with the root extract. The nanoparticles obtained were characterized by UV-Visible spectroscopy, Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR). UV-Vis and TEM analysis indicate that with higher quantities of root extract, the interaction is enhanced leading to size reduction of spherical metal nanoparticles. XRD confirms face-centered cubic phase and the diffraction peaks can be attributed to (111), (200), (222) and (311) planes for these nanoparticles. These synthesized Ag and Au nanoparticles were found to exhibit excellent bactericidal activity against clinically isolated selected pathogens such as Escherichia coli (E. coli), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). The synthesized AgNPs were also found to function as an efficient green catalyst in the reduction of anthropogenic pollutant 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) by sodium borohydride, which was apparent from the periodical color change from bright yellow to colorless, after the addition of AgNPs. PMID:24681320

Naraginti, Saraschandra; Sivakumar, A

2014-07-15

301

Graphene layer number dependent size distribution of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We observe that silver atoms deposited by thermal evaporation deposition onto n-layer graphene films condense upon annealing to form nanoparticles with an average diameter and density that is determined by the layer numbers of graphene films. The optical microscopy and Raman spectroscopy were utilized to identify the number of the graphene layers and the SEM (scanning electron microscopy) was used to observe the morphologies of the particles. Systematic analysis revealed that the average sizes of the nanoparticles increased with the number of graphene layers. The density of nanoparticles decreased as the number of graphene layers increased, revealing a large variation in the surface diffusion strength of nanoparticles on the different substrates. The mechanisms of formation of these layer-dependent morphologies of silver nanoparticles are related to the surface free energy and surface diffusion of the n-layer graphenes.

Lin, Hsing-Ying; Hung, Meei-Ling; Huang, Chen-Han; Chui, Hsiang-Chen; Lin, Jui-Sheng

2014-05-01

302

Biomimetic synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Citrus limon (lemon) aqueous extract and theoretical prediction of particle size.  

PubMed

In the present study, silver nanoparticles were rapidly synthesized at room temperature by treating silver ions with the Citrus limon (lemon) extract. The effect of various process parameters like the reductant concentration, mixing ratio of the reactants and the concentration of silver nitrate were studied in detail. In the standardized process, 10(-2)M silver nitrate solution was interacted for 4h with lemon juice (2% citric acid concentration and 0.5% ascorbic acid concentration) in the ratio of 1:4 (vol:vol). The formation of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by Surface Plasmon Resonance as determined by UV-Visible spectra in the range of 400-500 nm. X-ray diffraction analysis revealed the distinctive facets (111, 200, 220, 222 and 311 planes) of silver nanoparticles. We found that citric acid was the principal reducing agent for the nanosynthesis process. FT-IR spectral studies demonstrated citric acid as the probable stabilizing agent. Silver nanoparticles below 50 nm with spherical and spheroidal shape were observed from transmission electron microscopy. The correlation between absorption maxima and particle sizes were derived for different UV-Visible absorption maxima (corresponding to different citric acid concentrations) employing "MiePlot v. 3.4". The theoretical particle size corresponding to 2% citric acid concentration was compared to those obtained by various experimental techniques like X-ray diffraction analysis, atomic force microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. PMID:20833002

Prathna, T C; Chandrasekaran, N; Raichur, Ashok M; Mukherjee, Amitava

2011-01-01

303

Green synthesis, antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects of silver nanoparticles using Eucalyptus chapmaniana leaves extract  

PubMed Central

Objective To synthesize silver nanopaticles from leaves extract of Eucalyptus chapmaniana (E. chapmaniana) and test the antimicrobial of the nanoparticles against different pathogenic bacteria, yeast and its toxicity against human acute promyelocytic leukemia (HL-60) cell line. Methods Ten milliliter of leaves extract was mixed with 90 mL of 0.01 mmol/mL or 0.02 mmol/mL aqueous AgNO3 and exposed to sun light for 1 h. A change from yellowish to reddish brown color was observed. Characterization using UV-vis spectrophotometery and X-ray diffraction analysis were performed. Antimicrobial activity against six microorganisms was tested using well diffusion method and cytoxicity test using 3-(4, 5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide, a yellow tetrazole was obtained on the human leukemia cell line (HL-60). Results UV-vis spectral analysis showed silver surface plasmon resonance band at 413 nm. X-ray diffraction showed that the particles were crystalline in nature with face centered cubic structure of the bulk silver with broad beaks at 38.50° and 44.76°. The synthesized silver nanoparticles efficiently inhibited various pathogenic organisms and reduced viability of the HL-60 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Conclusions It has been demonstrated that the extract of E. chapmaniana leaves are capable of producing silver nanoparticles extracellularly and the Ag nanoparticles are quite stable in solution. Further studies are needed to fully characterize the toxicity and the mechanisms involved with the antimicrobial and anticancer activity of these particles.

Sulaiman, Ghassan Mohammad; Mohammed, Wasnaa Hatif; Marzoog, Thorria Radam; Al-Amiery, Ahmed Abdul Amir; Kadhum, Abdul Amir H.; Mohamad, Abu Bakar

2013-01-01

304

Hydroxy propyl cellulose capped silver nanoparticles produced by simple dialysis process  

SciTech Connect

Silver (Ag) nanoparticles ({approx}6 nm) were synthesized using a novel dialysis process. Silver nitrate was used as a starting precursor, ethylene glycol as solvent and hydroxy propyl cellulose (HPC) introduced as a capping agent. Different batches of reaction mixtures were prepared with different concentrations of silver nitrate (AgNO{sub 3}). After the reduction and aging, these solutions were subjected to ultra-violet visible spectroscopy (UVS). Optimized solution, containing 250 mg AgNO{sub 3} revealed strong plasmon resonance peak at {approx}410 nm in the spectrum indicating good colloidal state of Ag nanoparticles in the diluted solution. The optimized solution was subjected to dialysis process to remove any unreacted solvent. UVS of the optimized solution after dialysis showed the plasmon resonance peak shifting to {approx}440 nm indicating the reduction of Ag ions into zero-valent Ag. This solution was dried at 80 {sup o}C and the resultant HPC capped Ag (HPC/Ag) nanoparticles were studied using transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for their particle size and morphology. The particle size distribution (PSD) analysis of these nanoparticles showed skewed distribution plot with particle size ranging from 3 to 18 nm. The nanoparticles were characterized for phase composition using X-ray diffractrometry (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR).

Francis, L. [University of Genova, Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy)] [University of Genova, Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Balakrishnan, A. [Laboratoire SIMaP - GPM2, Grenoble-INP/UJF/CNRS BP46, 38042 Saint Martin d'Heres cedex (France)] [Laboratoire SIMaP - GPM2, Grenoble-INP/UJF/CNRS BP46, 38042 Saint Martin d'Heres cedex (France); Sanosh, K.P. [Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Lecce, via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce (Italy)] [Department of Innovation Engineering, University of Lecce, via per Monteroni, 73100 Lecce (Italy); Marsano, E., E-mail: marsano@chimica.unige.it [University of Genova, Department of Chemistry and Industrial Chemistry, via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy)

2010-08-15

305

Sesbania grandiflora leaf extract mediated green synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles against selected human pathogens  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Simple, effective and rapid approach for the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using leaf extract of Sesbania grandiflora and their in vitro antibacterial activity against selected human pathogens has been demonstrated in the study. Various instrumental techniques were adopted to characterize the synthesized AgNPs viz. UV-Vis, FTIR, XRD, TEM, EDX and AFM. Surface Plasmon spectra for AgNPs are centered at 422 nm with dark brown color. The synthesized AgNPs were found to be spherical in shape with size in the range of 10-25 nm. The presence of water soluble proteins in the leaf extract was identified by FTIR which were found to be responsible for the reduction of silver ions (Ag+) to AgNPs. Moreover, the synthesized AgNPs showed potent antibacterial activity against multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria such as Salmonella enterica and Staphylococcus aureus.

Das, J.; Paul Das, M.; Velusamy, P.

2013-03-01

306

Sesbania grandiflora leaf extract mediated green synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles against selected human pathogens.  

PubMed

Simple, effective and rapid approach for the green synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using leaf extract of Sesbania grandiflora and their in vitro antibacterial activity against selected human pathogens has been demonstrated in the study. Various instrumental techniques were adopted to characterize the synthesized AgNPs viz. UV-Vis, FTIR, XRD, TEM, EDX and AFM. Surface Plasmon spectra for AgNPs are centered at 422 nm with dark brown color. The synthesized AgNPs were found to be spherical in shape with size in the range of 10-25 nm. The presence of water soluble proteins in the leaf extract was identified by FTIR which were found to be responsible for the reduction of silver ions (Ag(+)) to AgNPs. Moreover, the synthesized AgNPs showed potent antibacterial activity against multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria such as Salmonella enterica and Staphylococcus aureus. PMID:23270884

Das, J; Paul Das, M; Velusamy, P

2013-03-01

307

‘Sticky electrodes’ for the detection of silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Detection and quantification of nanoparticles in environmental systems is a task that requires reliable and affordable analytical methods. Here an approach using a cysteine-modified ‘sticky’ glassy carbon electrode is presented. The electrode is immersed in a silver nanoparticle containing electrolyte and left in this suspension without an applied potential, i.e. under open circuit condition, for a variable amount of time. The amount of silver nanoparticles immobilized on the electrode within this sticking time is then determined by oxidative stripping, yielding the anodic charge and thus the amount of Ag nanoparticles sticking to the electrode surface. When using a cysteine-modified glassy carbon electrode, significant and reproducible amounts of silver nanoparticles stick to the surface, which is not the case for unmodified glassy carbon surfaces. Additionally, proof-of-concept experiments are performed on real seawater samples. These demonstrate that also under simulated environmental conditions an increased immobilization and hence improved detection of silver nanoparticles on cysteine-modified glassy carbon electrodes is achieved, while no inhibitive interference with this complex matrix is observed.

Tschulik, Kristina; Palgrave, Robert G.; Batchelor-McAuley, Christopher; Compton, Richard G.

2013-07-01

308

Green biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Curcuma longa tuber powder  

PubMed Central

Green synthesis of noble metal nanoparticles is a vastly developing area of research. Metallic nanoparticles have received great attention from chemists, physicists, biologists, and engineers who wish to use them for the development of a new-generation of nanodevices. In this study, silver nanoparticles were biosynthesized from aqueous silver nitrate through a simple and eco-friendly route using Curcuma longa tuber-powder extracts, which acted as a reductant and stabilizer simultaneously. Characterizations of nanoparticles were done using different methods, which included ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The ultraviolet-visible spectrum of the aqueous medium containing silver nanoparticles showed an absorption peak at around 415 nm. Transmission electron microscopy showed that mean diameter and standard deviation for the formation of silver nanoparticles was 6.30 ± 2.64 nm. Powder X-ray diffraction showed that the particles are crystalline in nature, with a face-centered cubic structure. The most needed outcome of this work will be the development of value-added products from C. longa for biomedical and nanotechnology-based industries.

Shameli, Kamyar; Ahmad, Mansor Bin; Zamanian, Ali; Sangpour, Parvanh; Shabanzadeh, Parvaneh; Abdollahi, Yadollah; Zargar, Mohsen

2012-01-01

309

'Sticky electrodes' for the detection of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Detection and quantification of nanoparticles in environmental systems is a task that requires reliable and affordable analytical methods. Here an approach using a cysteine-modified 'sticky' glassy carbon electrode is presented. The electrode is immersed in a silver nanoparticle containing electrolyte and left in this suspension without an applied potential, i.e. under open circuit condition, for a variable amount of time. The amount of silver nanoparticles immobilized on the electrode within this sticking time is then determined by oxidative stripping, yielding the anodic charge and thus the amount of Ag nanoparticles sticking to the electrode surface. When using a cysteine-modified glassy carbon electrode, significant and reproducible amounts of silver nanoparticles stick to the surface, which is not the case for unmodified glassy carbon surfaces. Additionally, proof-of-concept experiments are performed on real seawater samples. These demonstrate that also under simulated environmental conditions an increased immobilization and hence improved detection of silver nanoparticles on cysteine-modified glassy carbon electrodes is achieved, while no inhibitive interference with this complex matrix is observed. PMID:23807154

Tschulik, Kristina; Palgrave, Robert G; Batchelor-McAuley, Christopher; Compton, Richard G

2013-07-26

310

Self-assembly of a silver nanoparticles modified electrode and its electrocatalysis on neutral red  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles (AgNP) were synthesized with NaBH4 as reducing agent and oleate as stabilizer. AgNP and L-cysteine (L-cys) were co-deposited on a gold electrode surface to\\u000a fabricate the AgNP\\/L-cys modified electrode (AgNP\\/L-cys\\/Au). First, we prepared the L-cysteine self-assembled film modified\\u000a gold electrode through S-Au bond, then it was rinsed into the Ag colloid solution to prepare the Ag nanoparticles\\/L-cysteine\\u000a modified

Guangfeng Wang; Wen Wang; Jianfeng Wu; Hongying Liu; Shoufeng Jiao; Bin Fang

2009-01-01

311

Sulfidation of Silver Nanoparticles: Natural antidote to their toxicity  

PubMed Central

Nanomaterials are highly dynamic in biological and environmental media. A critical need for advancing environmental health and safety research for nanomaterials is to identify commonly occurring physical and chemical transformations affecting nanomaterial properties and toxicity. Silver nanoparticles, one of the most ecotoxic and well-studied nanomaterials, readily sulfidize in the environment. Here, we show that very low degrees of sulfidation (0.019 S/Ag mass ratio) universally and significantly decreases the toxicity of silver nanoparticles to four diverse types of aquatic and terrestrial eukaryotic organisms. Toxicity reduction is primarily associated with a decrease in Ag+ availability after sulfidation due to the lower solubility of Ag2S relative to elemental Ag (Ag(0)). We also show that chloride in exposure media determines silver nanoparticle toxicity by controlling the speciation of Ag. These results highlight the need to consider environmental transformation of NPs in assessing their toxicity to accurately portray their potential environmental risks.

Levard, Clement; Hotze, Ernest M.; Colman, Benjamin P.; Truong, Lisa; Yang, X. Y.; Bone, Audrey; Brown, Gordon E.; Tanguay, Robert L.; Di Giulio, Richard T.; Bernhardt, Emily S.; Meyer, Joel N.; Wiesner, Mark R.; Lowry, Gregory V.

2014-01-01

312

Characterization of magnetic nanoparticles synthesized by sonomechanical method  

Microsoft Academic Search

We have synthesized magnetic nanoparticles using the newly developed sonomechanical method with the FeSO4'7H2O and characterized crystallographic structural changes, surface morphology, chemical bonding states and magnetic properties. The crystallographic structure of the nanoparticles was characterized with high resolution X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) analysis. The surface morphology of the nanoparticles was observed by scanning electron microscopy. The chemical bonding states of

Ki-Chul Kim; Eung-Kwon Kim; Young-Sung Kim

2006-01-01

313

Photoluminescence properties of sonochemically synthesized gold nanoparticles for DNA biosensing  

Microsoft Academic Search

The electronic interactions of sonochemically synthesized gold (Au) nanoparticles with AT- and GC-DNA were studied by measuring photoluminescence (PL) spectral properties and the inherent PL images of the Au nanoparticles incorporated with the single DNA molecules using a laser scanning confocal microscope. The Au-nanoparticles incorporated AT-DNA and GC-DNA exhibit confocal PL image. These results suggest a Lewis acid (Au)–Lewis base

Sambandam Anandan; Seung-Do Oh; Minjoong Yoon; Muthupandian Ashokkumar

2010-01-01

314

Composites of polypropylene melt blended with synthesized silica nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Spherical and layered silica nanoparticles synthesized by the sol–gel method were melt blended with a polypropylene matrix in order to quantify their effect on thermal and mechanical behaviours of the resulting polymer composites. Transmission electron microscopy images showed that spherical nanoparticles were dispersed in the polymer matrix whereas layered particles display tactoid and agglomerated structures. By thermogravimetric analysis, it was

H. Palza; R. Vergara; P. Zapata

2011-01-01

315

Characterization of Bio-Synthesized Mangetic Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Magnetic nanoparticles have potential utility in a variety of applications ranging from ferrofluids to highly sensitive transduction mechanisms for monitoring and controlling biological activities at the molecular level. This paper describes a novel methodology for bacterial synthesis of a wide range of magnetite-based magnetic nanoparticles. First, this approach is highly scalable and low cost enabling production of large volumes of

Lonnie J. Love; Lucas W. Yeary; Ji Won Moon; Tommy J. Phelps; Adam J. Rondinone

2005-01-01

316

Cellular oxido-reductive proteins of Chlamydomonas reinhardtii control the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Background Elucidation of molecular mechanism of silver nanoparticles (SNPs) biosynthesis is important to control its size, shape and monodispersity. The evaluation of molecular mechanism of biosynthesis of SNPs is of prime importance for the commercialization and methodology development for controlling the shape and size (uniform distribution) of SNPs. The unicellular algae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii was exploited as a model system to elucidate the role of cellular proteins in SNPs biosynthesis. Results The C. reinhardtii cell free extract (in vitro) and in vivo cells mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles reveals SNPs of size range 5 ± 1 to 15 ± 2 nm and 5 ± 1 to 35 ± 5 nm respectively. In vivo biosynthesized SNPs were localized in the peripheral cytoplasm and at one side of flagella root, the site of pathway of ATP transport and its synthesis related enzymes. This provides an evidence for the involvement of oxidoreductive proteins in biosynthesis and stabilization of SNPs. Alteration in size distribution and decrease of synthesis rate of SNPs in protein-depleted fractions confirmed the involvement of cellular proteins in SNPs biosynthesis. Spectroscopic and SDS-PAGE analysis indicate the association of various proteins on C. reinhardtii mediated in vivo and in vitro biosynthesized SNPs. We have identified various cellular proteins associated with biosynthesized (in vivo and in vitro) SNPs by using MALDI-MS-MS, like ATP synthase, superoxide dismutase, carbonic anhydrase, ferredoxin-NADP+ reductase, histone etc. However, these proteins were not associated on the incubation of pre-synthesized silver nanoparticles in vitro. Conclusion Present study provides the indication of involvement of molecular machinery and various cellular proteins in the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles. In this report, the study is mainly focused towards understanding the role of diverse cellular protein in the synthesis and capping of silver nanoparticles using C. reinhardtii as a model system.

2011-01-01

317

Adsorption of cations onto the surfaces of silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The effects of cations on the absorption spectra of silver sols have been investigated by the UV-vis spectrometry and TEM. Experiments showed that injection of certain amounts of transition metal cations into silver sols resulted not only in the aggregation of silver nanoparticles but also in the appearance of a new band centered near 510 nm in the absorption spectra of silver sols. However, the new band was not observed in the presence of alkaline earth metal cations or the Mv2+ cations. The peak position of the new band depends on the nature as well as the concentration of metal cations used. Comparing the peak positions of the new bands, it was found that the new band induced by the injection of Cr3+ was red-shifted with respect to those induced by Cu2+, Zn2+, or the Cd2+ cations. It is reasonable that this band near 510 nm should be attributed to the coeffects of the adsorption of metal cations onto the surfaces of silver nanoparticles and the aggregation of silver nanoparticles. PMID:16256471

Liu, Yun; Liu, Chun-Yan; Chen, Lin-Bo; Zhang, Zhi-Ying

2003-01-15

318

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles as antibacterial agent using Rhodomyrtus tomentosa acetone extract  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The capability of Rhodomyrtus tomentosa acetone extract (RAE) for the production of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been explored for the first time. Silver nanoparticles with a surface plasmon resonance band centered at 420-430 nm were synthesized by reacting RAE with AgNO3. Reaction time, temperature, concentration of AgNO3 and RAE could accelerate the reduction rate of Ag+ and affect AgNPs size. The nanoparticles were found to be 10-30 nm in size and spherical in shape. XRD data demonstrated crystalline nature of AgNPs dominated by (200) facets. FTIR results showed decrease in intensity of peaks at 3394, 1716 and 1618 cm-1 indicating the involvement of O-H, carbonyl group and C=C stretching with the formation of AgNPs with RAE, respectively. The C-O-C and C-N stretching suggested the presence of many phytochemicals on the surface of the nanoparticles. High negative zeta potential values confirmed the stability of AgNPs in water. In vitro antibacterial activity of AgNPs was tested against Staphylococcus aureus using broth microdilution method. AgNPs capped with RAE demonstrated profound antibacterial activity against the organisms with minimum inhibitory concentration and minimum bactericidal concentration in the range between 3.1-6.2 and 6.2-50 ?gmL-1, respectively. The synthesized nanoparticles could be applied as an effective antimicrobial agent against staphylococcal infections.

Voravuthikunchai, Supayang P.; Chorachoo, Julalak; Jaiswal, Lily; Shankar, Shiv

2013-12-01

319

Silver Nanoparticles as Real Topical Bullets for Wound Healing  

PubMed Central

Nanotechnology is on the threshold of providing a host of new materials and approaches, revolutionizing the medical and pharmaceutical fields. Several areas of medical care are already profiting from the advantage that nanotechnology offers. Recently, silver nanoparticles are attracting interest for a clinical application because of its potential biological properties such as antibacterial activity, anti-inflammatory effects, and wound healing efficacy, which could be exploited in developing better dressings for wounds and ulcers. This article reviews the role of silver nanoparticles in wound healing.

Gunasekaran, Thirumurugan; Nigusse, Tadele; Dhanaraju, Magharla Dasaratha

2012-01-01

320

Laser-fabricated castor oil-capped silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Silver nanoparticles were fabricated by ablation of a pure silver plate immersed in castor oil. A Nd:YAG-pulsed Q-switch laser with 1064-nm wavelength and 10-Hz frequency was used to ablate the plate for 10 minutes. The sample was characterized by ultraviolet-visible, atomic absorption, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopies, and transmission electron microscopy. The results of the fabricated sample showed that the nanoparticles in castor oil were about 5-nm in diameter, well dispersed, and showed stability for a long period of time.

Zamiri, Reza; Zakaria, Azmi; Abbastabar, Hossein; Darroudi, Majid; Husin, Mohd Shahril; Mahdi, Mohd Adzir

2011-01-01

321

Laser-fabricated castor oil-capped silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles were fabricated by ablation of a pure silver plate immersed in castor oil. A Nd:YAG-pulsed Q-switch laser with 1064-nm wavelength and 10-Hz frequency was used to ablate the plate for 10 minutes. The sample was characterized by ultraviolet-visible, atomic absorption, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopies, and transmission electron microscopy. The results of the fabricated sample showed that the nanoparticles in castor oil were about 5-nm in diameter, well dispersed, and showed stability for a long period of time. PMID:21698083

Zamiri, Reza; Zakaria, Azmi; Abbastabar, Hossein; Darroudi, Majid; Husin, Mohd Shahril; Mahdi, Mohd Adzir

2011-01-01

322

Deposition of silver nanoparticles on titanium surface for antibacterial effect  

PubMed Central

Microbial colonization on implanted devices and biofilm formation is a recurrent complication in implant surgery and may result in loss of implants. The aim of this study was to deposit silver nanoparticles on a titanium surface to obtain antibacterial properties. In the present study, we prepared a silver nanoparticle-modified titanium (Ti-nAg) surface using silanization method. The morphology and chemical components of the Ti-nAg surface were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Two species of bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli, were utilized to test the antibacterial effect of the Ti-nAg treated surface. The SEM examination revealed that a small quantity of silver nanoparticles was sparsely deposited on the titanium surface. The diameter of these nanoparticles ranged from ten to several hundred nm. EDS analyses revealed that there was 4.26% of Ag present on the surface. After a 24-hour incubation, 94% of Staphylococcus aureus and over 95% of Escherichia coli had been killed on the Ti-nAg surface, and the SEM examination of anti-adhesive efficacy test showed that there were less bacteria attached to Ti-nAg surface than to a control surface of untreated Titanium. These data suggest that silver nanoparticle-modified titanium is a promising material with an antibacterial property that may be used as an implantable biomaterial.

Juan, Liao; Zhimin, Zhu; Anchun, Mo; Lei, Li; Jingchao, Zhang

2010-01-01

323

Nanowires of silver-polyaniline nanocomposite synthesized via in situ polymerization and its novel functionality as an antibacterial agent.  

PubMed

Silver-polyaniline (Ag-PANI) nanocomposite was synthesized by in situ polymerization method using ammonium persulfate (APS) as an oxidizing agent in the presence of dodecylbenzene sulfonic acid (DBSA) and silver nitrate (AgNO(3)). The as synthesized Ag-PANI nanocomposite was characterized by using different analytical techniques such as UV-visible (UV-vis) and Fourier transform Infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). UV-visible spectra of the synthesized nanocomposite showed a sharp peak at ~420 nm corresponding to the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) of the silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) embedded in the polymer matrix which is overlapped by the polaronic peak of polyaniline appearing at that wavelength. Nanowires of Ag-PANI nanocomposite with diameter 50-70 nm were observed in FE-SEM and TEM. TGA has indicated an enhanced thermal stability of nanocomposite as compared to that of pure polymer. The Ag-PANI nanocomposite has shown an antibacterial activity against model organisms, a gram positive Bacillus subtilis NCIM 6633 in Mueller-Hinton (MH) medium, which is hitherto unattempted. The Ag-PANI nanocomposite with monodispersed AgNPs is considered to have potential applications in sensors, catalysis, batteries and electronic devices. PMID:22178182

Tamboli, Mohaseen S; Kulkarni, Milind V; Patil, Rajendra H; Gade, Wasudev N; Navale, Shalaka C; Kale, Bharat B

2012-04-01

324

Core shell silver/silver chloride nanoparticles on carbon nanofibre arrays for bio-potential monitoring  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report a novel electrode material for the detection of human bio-potentials using carbon nanofibre (CNF) arrays functionalized with silver/silver chloride (Ag-AgCl) core-shell nanoparticles. The CNFs are protected against detachment using a thin polymer film, which firmly secures the fibres to the substrate surface. The core-shell Ag-AgCl nanoparticles on the CNF surfaces clearly enhance transduction in ionic media as shown by cyclic voltammetry and impedance spectroscopy. We infer that these functionalized CNF arrays can be utilized as dry electrophysiological sensors for bio-potential monitoring applications.

Watts, Paul C. P.; Henley, Simon J.; Mendoza, Ernest; Silva, S. Ravi P.; Irvine, June K.; McAdams, Eric T.

2007-05-01

325

Preferential adhesion of silver nanoparticles onto crystal faces of alpha-cyclodextrin/carboxylic acids inclusion compounds.  

PubMed

Alpha-Cyclodextrin (alpha-CD) inclusion compounds containing the carboxylic acids (octanoic, decanoic, lauric or dodecanoic, myristic or tetradecanoic, palmitic or hexadecanoic and stearic or octadecanoic) as guests were synthesized and applied for preferential adhesion of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The binding affinity depends of the chain length of the respective guest and is most efficient for octanoic and decanoic acids. The immobilization of nanoparticles is caused by the spatial replacing of the stabilized shell of the nanoparticles by COOH groups of the guests molecules, located at the entrance of cavity of alpha-CD, corresponding to the {001} crystal plane. Crystalline coating with nanoparticles provides a means of storing of AgNPs on solids state without aggregation. The stabilization of the particles on the surface is valid for a given length and ordering of the guest in the cavities of the alpha-CD being the octanoic and decanoic acid the most appropriated. PMID:23447940

Rodríguez-Llamazares, S; Jara, P; Yutronic, N; Noyong, M; Fischler, M; Simon, U

2012-12-01

326

Modeling molecular effects on plasmon transport: silver nanoparticles with tartrazine.  

PubMed

Modulation of plasmon transport between silver nanoparticles by a yellow fluorophore, tartrazine, is studied theoretically. The system is studied by combining a finite-difference time-domain Maxwell treatment of the electric field and the plasmons with a time-dependent parameterized method number 3 simulation of the tartrazine, resulting in an effective Maxwell?Schro?dinger (i.e., classical?quantum) method. The modeled system has three linearly arranged small silver nanoparticles with a radius of 2 nm and a center-to-center separation of 4 nm; the molecule is centered between the second and third nanoparticles. We initiate an x-polarized current on the first nanoparticle and monitor the transmission through the system. The molecule rotates much of the x-polarized current into the y-direction and greatly reduces the overall transmission of x-polarized current. PMID:21361521

Arntsen, Christopher; Lopata, Kenneth; Wall, Michael R; Bartell, Lizette; Neuhauser, Daniel

2011-02-28

327

Facile synthesis of silver nanoparticles stabilized by cationic polynorbornenes and their catalytic activity in 4-nitrophenol reduction.  

PubMed

We report the facile one-pot single-phase syntheses of silver nanoparticles stabilized by norbornene type cationic polymers. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) stabilized by polyguanidino oxanorbornenes (PG) at 5 and 25 kDa and polyamino oxanorbornenes (PA) at 3 and 15 kDa have been synthesized by the reduction of silver ions with NaBH4 in aqueous solutions at ambient temperature. The four different silver nanoparticles have been characterized by UV-vis spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), dynamic light scattering (DLS), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) for their particle size distributions. Interestingly, PG stabilizes the silver nanoparticles better than PA as evident from our spectroscopic data. Furthermore, the AgNP-PG-5K (5K = 5 kDa) was found to serve as an effective catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol in the presence of NaBH4. The reduction has a pseudo-first-order rate constant of 5.50 × 10(-3) s(-1) and an activity parameter of 1375 s(-1) g(-1), which is significantly higher than other systems reported in the literature. PMID:23461821

Baruah, Bharat; Gabriel, Gregory J; Akbashev, Michelle J; Booher, Matthew E

2013-04-01

328

Colloidal stability of silver nanoparticles in biologically relevant conditions  

Microsoft Academic Search

Understanding the colloidal stability of nanoparticles (NPs) plays a key role in phenomenological interpretation of toxicological\\u000a experiments, particularly if single NPs or their aggregates or agglomerates determine the dominant experimental result. This\\u000a report examines a variety of instrumental techniques for surveying the colloidal stability of aqueous suspensions of silver\\u000a nanoparticles (AgNPs), including atomic force microscopy, dynamic light scattering, and colorimetry.

Robert I. MacCuspie

2011-01-01

329

Antibacterial nano-structured titania coating incorporated with silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Titanium (Ti) implants are widely used clinically but post-operation infection remains one of the most common and serious complications. A surface boasting long-term antibacterial ability is highly desirable in order to prevent implant associated infection. In this study, titania nanotubes (TiO2-NTs) incorporated with silver (Ag) nanoparticles are fabricated on Ti implants to achieve this purpose. The Ag nanoparticles adhere tightly

Lingzhou Zhao; Hairong Wang; Kaifu Huo; Lingyun Cui; Wenrui Zhang; Hongwei Ni; Yumei Zhang; Zhifen Wu; Paul K. Chu

2011-01-01

330

Synthesis and Characterization of Silver Nanoparticles Embedded in Emulsified Isobutyl Acrylate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Silver nanoparticles were generated using laser ablation technique in emulsified isobutyl acrylate solution in which the nanoparticles are stabilized and embedded over the acrylic polymerized solution. Further, the colloidal solutions were characterized with atomic force microscope (AFM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectrophotometer (FTIR). AFM image results of the nanoparticles displays the silver nanoparticles embedded over the emulsified acrylic layer and dispersion of spherical nanoparticles across the polymer were eruptions of silver nanoparticles can be seen clearly. In addition, FTIR spectrum and SEM images validate the nanoparticle reaction over the polymerized acrylate solution and size of the metal nanoparticles respectively.

Dennis, C.; Vidhya, S.; Shadak Alee, K.; Narayana Rao, D.

2013-01-01

331

Permanganate-bromide-silver nanoparticles as a new chemiluminescence system and its application to captopril determination.  

PubMed

A novel chemiluminescence (CL) system based on the oxidation of bromide by permanganate in sulfuric acid medium is introduced. The enhancing effect of silver nanoparticles (NPs), synthesized by chemical reduction method, on this reaction was studied. It was demonstrated that spherical silver nanoparticles with average size of 18 nm had a most remarkable catalytic effect on this reaction. CL emission wavelengths and UV-vis spectra were used to characterize the system and propose a possible mechanism. Furthermore, it was found that captopril inhibits the action of NPs and decreases the intensity of CL. Based on this phenomenon, a new CL method was developed for the determination of captopril in the 3.0 × 10(-10) to 1.0 × 10(-7) mol L(-1) concentration range with a detection limit (3s) of 0.12 nmol L(-1). The method was successfully applied to the determination of captopril in pharmaceutical formulations, human urine and serum samples. PMID:24054638

Amjadi, Mohammad; Manzoori, Jamshid L; Hassanzadeh, Javad; Sorouraddin, Mohammad H

2013-10-15

332

Chitosan and silver nanoparticles as pudding with raisins with antimicrobial properties.  

PubMed

Chitosan nanoparticles (CS-NP) containing small silver nanoparticles are reported (Ag@CS-NP). CS-NP was synthesized using tripolyphosphate (TPP) as a polyanionic template. TPP also served to electrostatically attract Ag(+) inside CS-NP, where it was reduced by the terminal glucosamine units of the biopolymer. This procedure is environmental friendly, inexpensive, and permits the synthesis of very small AgNP (0.93-1.7 nm), with only a discrete dependence from the amount of silver nitrate used (5-200mg). The obtained hybrid nanocomposites Ag@CS-NP were characterized by DLS, HRTEM, and HAADF-STEM presenting a mean hydrodynamic diameter of 78 nm. The antimicrobial activity of Ag@CS-NP against Candida glabrata, Sacharomyces cerevisiae, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Salmonella, Staphylococcus aureus, and Bacillus cereus corresponded to MIC values lower than for AgNO(3). PMID:21903218

Rodríguez-Argüelles, M Carmen; Sieiro, Carmen; Cao, Roberto; Nasi, Lucia

2011-12-01

333

Facile preparation of silver nanoparticle films as an efficient surface-enhanced Raman scattering substrate  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Here, we report a new and facile method to prepare silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) film for surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS)-based sensing. The porous Ni foam was used as a template to generate high quality of Ag NPs by seed-mediated growth of metallic nanoparticles. The preparation process is very economic and environment-friendly, can achieve the recovery of the raw materials. We found that the type of silver-plating solution and the growth time are two key factors to determine the magnitude of SERS signal enhancement. Using rhodamine 6G (R6G) and 4-animothiophenol (4-ATP) as probe molecules, the created Ag NP films exhibited relatively high enhancement ability, good stability, and well reproducibility. The synthesized SERS-active substrate was further used to detect melamine molecules, an illegal additive in infant milk powder, and the limitation of detection can reach 1 ?M.

Sun, Yujing; Zhang, Yue; Shi, Yan; Xiao, Xianping; Dai, Haichao; Hu, Jingting; Ni, Pengjuan; Li, Zhuang

2013-10-01

334

Exposure to silver nanoparticles induces oxidative stress and memory deficits in laboratory rats  

Microsoft Academic Search

Currently most of the applications of silver nanoparticles are in antibacterial\\/antifungal agents in medicine and biotechnology,\\u000a textile engineering, water treatment and silver-based consumer products. However, the effects of silver nanoparticles on human\\u000a body, especially on the central nervous system, are still unclear. To study the mechanisms underlying the effects of silverpoly(amidehydroxyurethane)\\u000a coated silver nanoparticles on brain functions, we subjected male

Lucian Hritcu; Marius Stefan; Laura Ursu; Anca Neagu; Marius Mihasan; Liliana Tartau; Viorel Melnig

2011-01-01

335

Mangifera indica leaf-assisted biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The use of various parts of plants for the synthesis of nanoparticles is considered as a green technology as it does not involve any harmful chemicals. The present study reports a facile and rapid biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles. The method developed is environmentally friendly and allows the reduction to be accelerated by changing the temperature and pH of the reaction mixture consisting of aqueous AgNO3 and Mangifera Indica leaf extract. At a pH of 8, the colloid consists of well-dispersed triangular, hexagonal and nearly spherical nanoparticles having size ?20 nm. The UV-vis spectrum of silver nanoparticles gave surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at 439 nm. The synthesized nanocrystals were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Water soluble organics present in the leaf are responsible for the reduction of silver ions. This green method provides faster synthesis comparable to chemical methods and can be used in areas such as cosmetics, foods and medical applications. PMID:21030295

Philip, Daizy

2011-01-01

336

Mangifera Indica leaf-assisted biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The use of various parts of plants for the synthesis of nanoparticles is considered as a green technology as it does not involve any harmful chemicals. The present study reports a facile and rapid biosynthesis of well-dispersed silver nanoparticles. The method developed is environmentally friendly and allows the reduction to be accelerated by changing the temperature and pH of the reaction mixture consisting of aqueous AgNO 3 and Mangifera Indica leaf extract. At a pH of 8, the colloid consists of well-dispersed triangular, hexagonal and nearly spherical nanoparticles having size ˜20 nm. The UV-vis spectrum of silver nanoparticles gave surface plasmon resonance (SPR) at 439 nm. The synthesized nanocrystals were characterized using transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Water soluble organics present in the leaf are responsible for the reduction of silver ions. This green method provides faster synthesis comparable to chemical methods and can be used in areas such as cosmetics, foods and medical applications.

Philip, Daizy

2011-01-01

337

Dermal exposure potential from textiles that contain silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

Background: Factors that influence exposure to silver particles from the use of textiles are not well understood. Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of product treatment and physiological factors on silver release from two textiles. Methods: Atomic and absorbance spectroscopy, electron microscopy, and dynamic light scattering (DLS) were applied to characterize the chemical and physical properties of the textiles and evaluate silver release in artificial sweat and saliva under varying physiological conditions. One textile had silver incorporated into fiber threads (masterbatch process) and the other had silver nanoparticles coated on fiber surfaces (finishing process). Results: Several complementary and confirmatory analytical techniques (spectroscopy, microscopy, etc.) were required to properly assess silver release. Silver released into artificial sweat or saliva was primarily in ionic form. In a simulated "use" and laundering experiment, the total cumulative amount of silver ion released was greater for the finishing process textile (0·51±0·04%) than the masterbatch process textile (0·21±0·01%); P<0·01. Conclusions: We found that the process (masterbatch vs finishing) used to treat textile fibers was a more influential exposure factor than physiological properties of artificial sweat or saliva. PMID:25000110

Stefaniak, Aleksandr B; Duling, Mathew G; Lawrence, Robert B; Thomas, Treye A; LeBouf, Ryan F; Wade, Eleanor E; Abbas Virji, M

2014-07-01

338

Extracellular biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles: effects of shape-directing cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, pH, sunlight and additives.  

PubMed

The work reported in this paper describes the preparation, morphology, stability and sensitivity of Ag-nanoparticles towards sunlight using Allium sativum, garlic extract for the first time. The synthesized silver particles show an intense surface plasmon resonance band in the visible region at 410 nm. The position of the wavelength maxima, blue and red shift, strongly depends on the sunlight and pH. TEM analysis revealed the presence of spherical, different size (from 5.0 to 30 nm) and garlic constituents bio-conjugated, stabilized and/or layered silver nanoparticles. The concentrations of garlic extract, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, Ag(+) ions and reaction time play vital roles for nucleus formation and the growth processes. Sulfur-containing biomolecules of extract, especially cysteine, are responsible for the reduction of Ag(+) ions into metallic Ag(0). The agglomeration number of the silver nanoparticles (N Ag) and the average number of free electrons per particle (n fe) are calculated and discussed. PMID:24096857

Hussain, Shokit; Akrema; Rahisuddin; Khan, Zaheer

2014-05-01

339

Highly selective antibacterial activities of silver nanoparticles against Bacillus subtilis.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with different sizes (5, 15 and 55 nm) were synthesized via simple method, and characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy-dispersive X-ray microanalysis (EDX) and ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy (UV-Vis). The antibacterial activities of the prepared AgNPs against Gram-negative Escherichia coli (E. coli), Gram-positive Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Bacillus subtilis (B. subtilis) were evaluated by inhibition zone, inhibition curve, and colony counting methods. The results showed that the AgNPs exhibited obvious bacterium-selective and size-dependent antibacterial activities. The Gram-positive bacteria S. aureus and B. subtilis were more sensitive to AgNPs than Gram-negative bacterium E. coli. Interestingly, AgNPs displayed remarkably antibacterial activities against B. subtilis among Gram-positive bacteria, regardless of whether in separately or cocultured bacteria. It also showed that AgNPs with 5 nm in size presented the highest antibacterial activity against both Gram-negative and Gram-positive bacteria. The effects of AgNPs on the membrane leakage of the reducing sugars from three bacteria were also measured by 3,5-dinitrosalicylic acid method. The leakage amount of reducing sugars from B. subtilis was the highest among the tested bacteria, indicating that AgNPs could damage the structure of bacteria cell membrane and resulted in the leakage of reducing sugars, leading to the death of bacteria. PMID:24245147

Li, Ju; Rong, Kaifeng; Zhao, Huiping; Li, Fei; Lu, Zhong; Chen, Rong

2013-10-01

340

Ferromagnetic behavior of carbon nanospheres encapsulating silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We report on the structure and magnetic properties of a silver and carbon nanocomposite. The as-synthesized nanocomposite consists of a matte-black powder composed of Ag nanoparticles encapsulated in carbon nanospheres ( ˜10nm diameter) that are interconnected in necklace-like structures. Magnetic measurements of the Ag and C nanocomposite, in its powder form, showed weak ferromagnetic behavior up to at least room temperature with a coercive field of 389Oe at 2K and 103Oe at 300K , from which we estimate magnetic ordering up to 425K . However, pressing the Ag-C powder samples into tablets suppressed the ferromagnetism; the pressed samples instead exhibited diamagnetic behavior. Chemical analysis with EDS and trace metal analysis with ICP-MS indicated that there are no magnetic contaminants in the sample. Therefore, we attribute the ferromagnetism to the carbon nanospheres and propose a model for the observed magnetism. We also measured a pronounced peak in the magnetization between 50 and 90K that was completely suppressed when measurements were made upon cooling; we attribute this peak to a first-order spin reorientation.

Caudillo, R.; Gao, X.; Escudero, R.; José-Yacaman, M.; Goodenough, J. B.

2006-12-01

341

Synergistic effect of PVP and PEG on the behavior of silver nanoparticle-polymer composites.  

PubMed

Silver nanoparticles-polymer nanocomposites, Ag-(1 - x)PVP-(x)PEG, were synthesized by wet chemical method in the presence of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and polyethylene glycol (PEG). A mixture of two stabilizing agent PVP and PEG is found to play a crucial role in controlling the morphology of nanocrystalline silver particles in the composite. This is inferred based on the shape and size study of nanocrystalline silver using the X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, Uv-vis spectroscopy, FTIR, and surface enhance Raman studies. These results suggest asymmetrical growth of silver nanocrystalline particles in the presence of both PVP and PEG. Comparison of the thermal properties of the Ag-polymer nanocomposites with pure polymers, PVP and PEG, showed that the thermal stability of the nanocomposite deteriorates by as much as 75 degrees C in the presence of low PEG concentration (x < or = 0.6) and improves by around 45 degrees C at higher PEG concentration (x > 0.6). The study highlight the fact that the morphology of nanocrystalline silver can be altered just by varying the polymer weight ratios rather than any processing parameters, thus offering a novel, simple, and controlled synthesis engineering route to the formation of nanocrystalline silver in polymer matrix. PMID:22962754

Dhakal, Tilak Raj; Mishra, Sanjay R; Glenn, Zachery; Rai, Binod K

2012-08-01

342

Silver nanoparticle enhanced silver ion stress response in Escherichia coli K12.  

PubMed

This study investigated the dissolution-based toxicity mechanism for silver nanoparticles to Escherichia coli K12. The silver nanoparticles, synthesised in the vapour phase, are effective anti-bacterial agents against the Gram-negative bacterium, E. coli K12. The nanoparticles associate with the bacterial cell wall, appearing to interact with the outer and inner membranes, and then dissolve to release Ag(+) into the cell and affect a transcriptional response. The dissolution of these nanoparticles in a modified LB medium was measured by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and has been shown to follow a simple first-order dissolution process proportional to the decreasing surface area of the nanoparticles. However, the resulting solution phase concentration of Ag(+), demonstrated by the ICP-MS data, is not sufficient to cause the observed effects, including inhibition of bacterial growth and the differential expression of Cu(+) stress response genes. These data indicate that dissolution at the cell membrane is the primary mechanism of action of silver nanoparticles, and the Ag(+) concentration released into the bulk solution phase has only limited anti-bacterial efficacy. PMID:22007647

McQuillan, Jonathan S; Infante, Heidi Groenaga; Stokes, Emma; Shaw, Andrew M

2012-12-01

343

Antimicrobial Properties of Hydrated Cellulose Membranes With Silver Nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Microbial cellulose membranes have attracted a great deal of attention as novel wound-dressing materials, especially for the healing of skin burns and chronic wounds, because of their high water holding capacity and biocompatibility. However, the high humidity around the wound sometimes allows the growth of bacteria, as well as the regeneration of the tissue. In this study, silver nanoparticles were

Rira Jung; Yeseul Kim; Hun-Sik Kim; Hyoung-Joon Jin

2009-01-01

344

Silver nanoparticles are broad-spectrum bactericidal and virucidal compounds  

PubMed Central

The advance in nanotechnology has enabled us to utilize particles in the size of the nanoscale. This has created new therapeutic horizons, and in the case of silver, the currently available data only reveals the surface of the potential benefits and the wide range of applications. Interactions between viral biomolecules and silver nanoparticles suggest that the use of nanosystems may contribute importantly for the enhancement of current prevention of infection and antiviral therapies. Recently, it has been suggested that silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) bind with external membrane of lipid enveloped virus to prevent the infection. Nevertheless, the interaction of AgNPs with viruses is a largely unexplored field. AgNPs has been studied particularly on HIV where it was demonstrated the mechanism of antiviral action of the nanoparticles as well as the inhibition the transmission of HIV-1 infection in human cervix organ culture. This review discusses recent advances in the understanding of the biocidal mechanisms of action of silver Nanoparticles.

2011-01-01

345

Interaction of multi-functional silver nanoparticles with living cells  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are widely used in household products and in medicine due to their antibacterial and to wound healing properties. In recent years, there is also an effort for their use in biomedical imaging and photothermal therapy. The primary reason behind the effort for their utility in biomedicine and therapy is their unique plasmonic properties and easy surface chemistry

Ilknur Sur; Dilek Cam; Mehmet Kahraman; Asli Baysal; Mustafa Culha

2010-01-01

346

Ion-Beam-Synthesized Colloidal Silver Nanoclusters in Crystalline Sapphire as Third-Order Optical Material  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver ion implantation in single-crystalline sapphire has given rise to the formation of silver nanoparticle-sapphire composites, which have been imaged using transmission electron microscopy, and confirmed using linear optical absorption and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. Nonlinear refractive index and two-photon absorption of these nanocomposites have been observed using Z-scan and Anti-resonant Interferometric Nonlinear Spectroscopy (ARINS) in the close proximity of surface

Anna Kozakiewicz; Binita Ghosh; Purushottam Chakraborty; Trevor Derry; S. R. Naidoo; Paul Franklyn

2012-01-01

347

Silver nanoparticles coated with thioxanthone derivative as hybrid photoinitiating systems for free radical polymerization.  

PubMed

A new type of photoinitiator for free radical polymerization was synthesized and characterized. 2-(11-Mercaptoundecyloxy)thioxanthone (1) was anchored at the surface of silver nanoparticles (NPs), and the interaction of plasmon field generated in the immediate vicinity of Ag NPs carrying the chromophores was evaluated. The optical features and structure of the silver-initiator nanoassemblies (Ag@1) were characterized by UV-vis and fluorescence spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). TEM and XRD studies revealed the presence of ca. 5-6 nm diameter Ag NPs, and XPS also confirmed the successful anchorage of 1 at their periphery. The nanoassemblies Ag@1 were successfully used as macroinitiator for radical polymerization of acrylate monomers, triggered photochemically, to obtain Ag(0)-polyacrylate nanocomposite materials. The nanocomposite materials synthesized with the use of Ag@1 exhibit attractive possibilities for patterning the surface of thin films. PMID:23231028

Nehlig, Emilie; Schneider, Raphaël; Vidal, Loic; Clavier, Gilles; Balan, Lavinia

2012-12-21

348

Ecosystem protection by effluent bioremediation: silver nanoparticles impregnation in a textile fabrics process  

Microsoft Academic Search

This work studied a bioremediation process of silver nanoparticles with the bacterium Chromobacterium violaceum. These nanoparticles were obtained from several washes of cotton fabrics impregnated with silver nanoparticles produced by\\u000a the fungus Fusarium oxysporum. The optimized growth of C. violaceum for silver nanoparticles bioremediation was obtained. The effluents of wash process of the cotton fabric were efficiently\\u000a treated with C.

Nelson Durán; Priscyla D. Marcato; Oswaldo L. Alves; João P. S. Da Silva; Gabriel I. H. De Souza; Flávio A. Rodrigues; Elisa Esposito

2010-01-01

349

In Vivo Toxicity of Silver Nanoparticles and Silver Ions in Zebrafish (Danio rerio).  

PubMed

The influence of water chemistry on characterised polyvinyl pyrrolidone- (PVP-) coated silver nanoparticles (81?nm) was investigated. NaCl solution series of 100-800?mg L(-1) lead to initial and temporal increase in nanoparticles size, but agglomeration was limited. pH variation (5-8) had only minor influence on the hydrodynamic particle size. Acute toxicity of nanosivler to zebrafish (Danio rerio) was investigated in a 48-hour static renewal study and compared with the toxicity of silver ions (AgNO(3)). The nanosilver and silver ion 48-hour median lethal concentration (LC(50)) values were 84??g L(-1) and 25??g L(-1), respectively. To investigate exposure-related stress, the fish behaviour was observed visually after 0, 3, 6, 12, 24, 27, 30, and 48 hours of both nanosilver and ionic silver treatments. These observations revealed increased rate of operculum movement and surface respiration after nanosilver exposure, suggesting respiratory toxicity. The present study demonstrates that silver nanoparticles are lethal to zebrafish. PMID:22174711

Bilberg, Katrine; Hovgaard, Mads Bruun; Besenbacher, Flemming; Baatrup, Erik

2012-01-01

350

Extracellular synthesis of mycogenic silver nanoparticles by Cylindrocladium floridanum and its homogeneous catalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol.  

PubMed

Green synthesis of extracellular mycogenic silver nanoparticles using the fungus, Cylindrocladium floridanum is reported. The synthesized mycogenic silver nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The nanoparticles exhibit fcc structure with Bragg's reflections of (111), (200), (220) and (311) was evidenced by XRD pattern, high-resolution TEM lattice fringes and circular rings in selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern. The morphology of nanoparticles was roughly spherical in shape with an average size of ca. 25 nm. From FTIR spectrum, it was found that the biomolecules with amide I and II band were involved in the stabilization of nanoparticles. These mycogenic silver nanoparticles exhibited the homogeneous catalytic potential in the reduction of pollutant, 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) using sodium borohydride, which followed a pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Thus, the synthesis of metal nanoparticles using sustainable microbial approach opens up possibilities in the usage of mycogenic metal nanoparticles as catalysts in various chemical reactions. PMID:23973598

Narayanan, Kannan Badri; Park, Hyun Ho; Sakthivel, Natarajan

2013-12-01

351

Extracellular synthesis of mycogenic silver nanoparticles by Cylindrocladium floridanum and its homogeneous catalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Green synthesis of extracellular mycogenic silver nanoparticles using the fungus, Cylindrocladium floridanum is reported. The synthesized mycogenic silver nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) techniques. The nanoparticles exhibit fcc structure with Bragg's reflections of (1 1 1), (2 0 0), (2 2 0) and (3 1 1) was evidenced by XRD pattern, high-resolution TEM lattice fringes and circular rings in selected-area electron diffraction (SAED) pattern. The morphology of nanoparticles was roughly spherical in shape with an average size of ca. 25 nm. From FTIR spectrum, it was found that the biomolecules with amide I and II band were involved in the stabilization of nanoparticles. These mycogenic silver nanoparticles exhibited the homogeneous catalytic potential in the reduction of pollutant, 4-nitrophenol (4-NP) to 4-aminophenol (4-AP) using sodium borohydride, which followed a pseudo-first-order kinetic model. Thus, the synthesis of metal nanoparticles using sustainable microbial approach opens up possibilities in the usage of mycogenic metal nanoparticles as catalysts in various chemical reactions.

Narayanan, Kannan Badri; Park, Hyun Ho; Sakthivel, Natarajan

2013-12-01

352

Assessment of silver nanoparticle-induced physiological and molecular changes in Arabidopsis thaliana.  

PubMed

In this study, the effect of silver nanoparticles and silver ions on Arabidopsis thaliana was investigated at physiological and molecular levels. The seedlings were grown in sublethal concentrations of silver nanoparticles and silver ions (0.2, 0.5, and 1 mg/L) in 1/4 Hoagland's medium for 14 days under submerged hydroponic conditions. Significantly higher reduction in the total chlorophyll and increase in anthocyanin content were observed after exposure to 0.5 and 1 mg/L silver nanoparticles as compared to similar concentrations of silver ions. Lipid peroxidation increased significantly after exposure to 0.2, 0.5, and 1 mg/L of silver nanoparticles and 0.5 and 1 mg/L of silver ions. Qualitative analysis with dichloro-dihydro-fluorescein diacetate and rhodamine 123 fluorescence showed a dose-dependent increase in reactive oxygen species production and changes in mitochondrial membrane potential in the roots of seedlings exposed to different concentrations of silver nanoparticles. Real-time PCR analysis showed significant upregulation in the expression of sulfur assimilation, glutathione biosynthesis, glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione reductase genes upon exposure to silver nanoparticles as compared with silver ions. Overall, based on the physiological and molecular level responses, it was observed that exposure to silver nanoparticles exerted more toxic response than silver ions in A. thaliana. PMID:24723349

Nair, Prakash M Gopalakrishnan; Chung, Ill Min

2014-07-01

353

Determination of silver nanoparticle release from antibacterial fabrics into artificial sweat  

Microsoft Academic Search

Silver nanoparticles have been used in numerous commercial products, including textiles, to prevent bacterial growth. Meanwhile, there is increasing concern that exposure to these nanoparticles may cause potential adverse effects on humans as well as the environment. This study determined the quantity of silver released from commercially claimed nanosilver and laboratory-prepared silver coated fabrics into various formulations of artificial sweat,

Kornphimol Kulthong; Sujittra Srisung; Kanittha Boonpavanitchakul; Wiyong Kangwansupamonkon; Rawiwan Maniratanachote

2010-01-01

354

Immobilization of silver nanoparticles onto sulfonated polyethersulfone membranes as antibacterial materials  

Microsoft Academic Search

By using the interaction between the sulfonated groups and silver ions, silver nanoparticles were successfully introduced onto the surface of sulfonated polyethersulfone (SPES) membranes by using vitamin C as reducing agent. The presence of silver nanoparticles on the surface of the PES\\/SPES hybrid membranes was characterized by UV spectrophotometer, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. Detailed studies on the

Xuelian Cao; Ming Tang; Fei Liu; Yuanyang Nie; Changsheng Zhao

2010-01-01

355

The production of graphene nanosheets decorated with silver nanoparticles for use in transparent, conductive films  

Microsoft Academic Search

Aggregation and restacking of graphene nanosheets (GNS) can be efficiently inhibited by decorating the silver nanoparticles on the surface of GNS to form GNS\\/silver (GNS-Ag) composites, which can construct high transparent and electrically conductive thin films. Silver nanoparticles act as a useful nanospacer and conductor, which not only increase the interlayer distance but also improve the electrical conductivity between layers.

Hsi-Wen Tien; Yuan-Li Huang; Shin-Yi Yang; Jen-Yu Wang; Chen-Chi M. Ma

2011-01-01

356

Bacterial growth on a superhydrophobic surface containing silver nanoparticles  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The antibacterial effect of silver can be exploited in the food and beverage industry and medicinal applications to reduce biofouling of surfaces. Very small amount of silver ions are enough to destructively affect the metabolism of bacteria. Moreover, superhydrophobic properties could reduce bacterial adhesion to the surface. In this study we fabricated superhydrophobic surfaces that contained nanosized silver particles. The superhydrophobic surfaces were manufactured onto stainless steel as combination of ceramic nanotopography and hydrophobication by fluorosilane. Silver nanoparticles were precipitated onto the surface by a chemical method. The dissolution of silver from the surface was tested in an aqueous environment under pH values of 1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 and 13. The pH value was adjusted with nitric acid and ammonia. It was found that dissolution rate of silver increased as the pH of the solution altered from the pH of de-ionized water to lower and higher pH values but dissolution occurred also in de-ionized water. The antimicrobial potential of this coating was investigated using bacterial strains isolated from the brewery equipment surfaces. The results showed that the number of bacteria adhering onto steel surface was significantly reduced (88%) on the superhydrophobic silver containing coating.

Heinonen, S.; Nikkanen, J.-P.; Laakso, J.; Raulio, M.; Priha, O.; Levänen, E.

2013-12-01

357

A new, simple, green, and one-pot four-component synthesis of bare and poly(?,?, L-glutamic acid)-capped silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

A simple and green chemical method has been developed to synthesize stable bare and capped silver nanoparticles based on the reduction of silver ions by glucose and capping by poly(?,?,L-glutamic acid) (PGA). The use of ammonia during synthesis was avoided. PGA has had a dual role in the synthesis and was used as a capping agent to make the silver nanoparticle more biocompatible and to protect the nanoparticles from agglomerating in the liquid medium. The synthesized PGA-capped silver nanoparticles in the size range 5–45 nm were stable over long periods of time, without signs of precipitation. Morphological examination has shown that the silver nanoparticles had a nearly spherical, multiply twinned structure. The effects of the reaction temperature and the reaction time during the synthesis were investigated too. The biocompatibility of the PGA-capped silver nano-particles is discussed in terms of in vitro toxicity with human intestinal Caco-2 cells. The samples were characterized by UV–Visible spectroscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, and zeta potential measurements.

Savanovic, Igor; Uskokovic, Vuk; Skapin, Sreco D.; Bracko, Ines; Jovanovic, Uros; Uskokovic, Dragan

2013-01-01

358

Monodispersive CoPt Nanoparticles Synthesized Using Chemical Reduction Method  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Monodispersive CoPt nanoparticles in sizes of about 2.2 nm are synthesized by superhydride reduction of CoCl2 and PtCl2 in diphenyl ether. The as-prepared nanoparticles show a chemically disordered A1 structure and are superparamagnetic. Thermal annealing transforms the A1 structure into chemically ordered L10 structure and the particles are ferromagnetic at room temperature.

Shen, Cheng-Min; Hui, Chao; Yang, Tian-Zhong; Xiao, Cong-Wen; En, Shu-Tang; Ding, Hao; Gao, Hong-Jun

2008-04-01

359

A physiologically based pharmacokinetic model for ionic silver and silver nanoparticles  

PubMed Central

Silver is a strong antibiotic that is increasingly incorporated into consumer products as a bulk, salt, or nanosilver, thus potentially causing side-effects related to human exposure. However, the fate and behavior of (nano)silver in the human body is presently not well understood. In order to aggregate the existing experimental information, a physiologically based pharmacokinetic model (PBPK) was developed in this study for ionic silver and nanosilver. The structure of the model was established on the basis of toxicokinetic data from intravenous studies. The number of calibrated parameters was minimized in order to enhance the predictive capability of the model. We validated the model structure for both silver forms by reproducing exposure conditions (dermal, oral, and inhalation) of in vivo experiments and comparing simulated and experimentally assessed organ concentrations. Therefore, the percutaneous, intestinal, or pulmonary absorption fraction was estimated based on the blood silver concentration of the respective experimental data set. In all of the cases examined, the model could successfully predict the biodistribution of ionic silver and 15–150 nm silver nanoparticles, which were not coated with substances designed to prolong the circulatory time (eg, polyethylene glycol). Furthermore, the results of our model indicate that: (1) within the application domain of our model, the particle size and coating had a minor influence on the biodistribution; (2) in vivo, it is more likely that silver nanoparticles are directly stored as insoluble salt particles than dissolve into Ag+; and (3) compartments of the mononuclear phagocytic system play a minor role in exposure levels that are relevant for human consumers. We also give an example of how the model can be used in exposure and risk assessments based on five different exposure scenarios, namely dietary intake, use of three separate consumer products, and occupational exposure.

Bachler, Gerald; von Goetz, Natalie; Hungerbuhler, Konrad

2013-01-01

360

Presence of Nanoparticles in Wash Water from Conventional Silver and Nano-silver Textiles.  

PubMed

Questions about how to regulate nanoenhanced products regularly arise as researchers determine possible nanoparticle transformation(s). Focusing concern on the incorporation and subsequent release of nano-Ag in fabrics often overshadows the fact that many "conventional silver" antimicrobials such as ionic silver, AgCl, metallic Ag, and other forms will also form different species of silver. In this study we used a laboratory washing machine to simulate the household laundering of a number of textiles prepared with known conventional Ag or nano-Ag treatments and a commercially available fabric incorporating yarns coated with bulk metallic Ag. Serial filtration allowed for quantification of total Ag released in various size fractions (>0.45 ?m, < 0.45 ?m, <0.1 ?m, and <10 kDa), while characterization of particles with TEM/EDX provided insight on Ag transformation mechanisms. Most conventional Ag additives yielded more total Ag and more nanoparticulate-sized Ag in the washing liquid than fabrics that used nano-Ag treatments. Incorporating nano-silver into the fiber (as opposed to surface treatments) yielded less total Ag during fabric washing. A variety of metallic Ag, AgCl, and Ag/S particles were observed in washing solution by TEM/EDX to various extents depending on the initial Ag speciation in the fabrics. Very similar particles were also observed when dissolved ionic Ag was added directly into the washing liquid. On the basis of the present study, we can state that all silver-treated textiles, regardless of whether the treatment is "conventional" or "nano", can be a source of silver nanoparticles in washing solution when laundering fabrics. Indeed, in this study we observed that textiles treated with "conventional" silver have equal or greater propensity to form nano-silver particles during washing conditions than those treated with "nano"-silver. This fact needs to be strongly considered when addressing the risks of nano-silver and emphasizes that regulatory assessment of nano-silver warrants a similar approach to conventional silver. PMID:24941455

Mitrano, Denise M; Rimmele, Elisa; Wichser, Adrian; Erni, Rolf; Height, Murray; Nowack, Bernd

2014-07-22

361

Psychrotrophic yeast Yarrowia lipolytica NCYC 789 mediates the synthesis of antimicrobial silver nanoparticles via cell-associated melanin  

PubMed Central

A psychrotrophic marine strain of the ascomycetous yeast Yarrowia lipolytica (NCYC 789) synthesized silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) in a cell-associated manner. These nanostructures were characterized by UV-Visible spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope-energy dispersive spectrometer (SEM-EDS) analysis. The brown pigment (melanin) involved in metal-interactions was obtained from the cells. This extracted pigment also mediated the synthesis of silver nanoparticles that were characterized by a variety of analytical techniques. The melanin-derived nanoparticles displayed antibiofilm activity. This paper thus reports the synthesis of AgNPs by the biotechnologically important yeast Y. lipolytica; proposes a possible mechanism involved in the synthetic process and describes the use of the bio-inspired nanoparticles as antibiofilm agents.

2013-01-01

362

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by Streptomyces hygroscopicus and antimicrobial activity against medically important pathogenic microorganisms.  

PubMed

Biological reduction of aqueous silver ions by extracellular components of Streptomyces hygroscopicus has facilitated the development of industrially viable greener methods for the synthesis of technologically important silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The synthesized aqueous products showed the characteristic absorption spectra at 420 nm, which confirmed the presence of AgNPs. X-ray diffraction patterns displayed typical peaks of crystalline silver at approximately 38 degrees , approximately 45 degrees and approximately 65 degrees . The AgNPs were determined to be spherical (20-30 nm) with a purity of 70% as determined by FE-SEM, TEM, bio-AFM, XRD, and energy dispersive X-ray analysis. Furthermore, the biosynthesized AgNPs significantly inhibited the growth of medically important pathogenic gram-positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis and Enterococcus faecalis), gram-negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium) and yeast (Candida albicans). Thus, bioconversion of silver nanoparticles by S. hygroscopicus could be employed as a potential nanomedicine to eliminate pathogenic microorganisms. PMID:20705438

Sadhasivam, Sathya; Shanmugam, Parthasarathi; Yun, Kyusik

2010-11-01

363

Completely green synthesis of dextrose reduced silver nanoparticles, its antimicrobial and sensing properties.  

PubMed

We herein report the green synthesis of highly monodispersed, water soluble, stable and smaller sized dextrose reduced gelatin capped-silver nanoparticles (Ag-NPs) via an eco-friendly, completely green method. The synthesis involves the use of silver nitrate, gelatin, dextrose and water as the silver precursor, stabilizing agent, reducing agent and solvent respectively. By varying the reaction time, the temporal evolution of the growth, optical, antimicrobial and sensing properties of the as-synthesised Ag-NPs were investigated. The nanoparticles were characterized using UV-vis absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM). The absorption maxima of the as-synthesized materials at different reaction time showed characteristic silver surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak. The as-synthesised Ag-NPs show better antibacterial efficacy than the antibiotics; ciproflaxin and imipenem against Pseudomonas aeruginosa with minimum inhibition concentration (MIC) of 6 ?g/mL, and better efficacy than imipenem against Escherichia coli with MIC of 10 ?g/mL. The minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) of the as-synthesised Ag-NPs is 12.5 ?g/mL. The sensitivity of the dextrose reduced gelatin-capped Ag-NPs towards hydrogen peroxide indicated that the sensor has a very good sensitivity and a linear response over wide concentration range of 10(-1)-10(-6)M H2O2. PMID:24721103

Mohan, Sneha; Oluwafemi, Oluwatobi S; George, Soney C; Jayachandran, V P; Lewu, Francis B; Songca, Sandile P; Kalarikkal, Nandakumar; Thomas, Sabu

2014-06-15

364

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles from the extract of the inflorescence of Cocos nucifera (Family: Arecaceae) for enhanced antibacterial activity.  

PubMed

Green synthesis of nanoparticles using plant source has been given much importance. In the present study, silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized using the ethyl acetate and methanol (EA: M 40:60) extracts of the inflorescence of the tree Cocous nucifera. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized by UV-visible spectroscope, FTIR and TEM analysis. The particle size of the synthesized AgNPs was 22nm as confirmed by TEM. The qualitative assessment of reducing potential of the extracts of inflorescence indicated the presence of reducing agents. Synthesized AgNPs exhibited significant antimicrobial activity against human bacterial pathogens viz., Klebsiella pneumoniae, Bacillus subtilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Salmonella paratyphi. PMID:24762541

Mariselvam, R; Ranjitsingh, A J A; Usha Raja Nanthini, A; Kalirajan, K; Padmalatha, C; Mosae Selvakumar, P

2014-08-14

365

Magnetron sputtering synthesis silver and organic PEO nanocomposite  

Microsoft Academic Search

A nanocomposite, silver nanoparticles embedded into polyethylene oxide (PEO) is synthesized by magnetron sputtering. The embedded silver in PEO matrix is confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) image, X-ray diffraction (XRD) pattern, and atomic force microscopy (AFM) analysis. By TEM image the sizes of silver nanoparticles are found to be tunable, and the silver crystallization is preferentially grown in facet

Qiang Chen; Meili Zhou; Yabo Fu; Jing Weng; Yuefei Zhang; Lei Yue; Fenyan Xie; Chunqing Huo

2008-01-01

366

Comparison of the toxicity of silver, gold and platinum nanoparticles in developing zebrafish embryos.  

PubMed

Nanoparticles have diverse applications in electronics, medical devices, therapeutic agents and cosmetics. While the commercialization of nanoparticles is rapidly expanding, their health and environmental impact is not well understood. Toxicity assays of silver, gold, and platinum nanoparticles, using zebrafish embryos to study their developmental effects were carried out. Gold (Au-NP, 15-35 nm), silver (Ag-NP, 5-35 nm) and platinum nanoparticles (Pt-NP, 3-10 nm) were synthesized using polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a capping agent. Toxicity was recorded in terms of mortality, hatching delay, phenotypic defects and metal accumulation. The addition of Ag-NP resulted in a concentration-dependant increase in mortality rate. Both Ag-NP and Pt-NP induced hatching delays, as well as a concentration dependant drop in heart rate, touch response and axis curvatures. Ag-NP also induced other significant phenotypic changes including pericardial effusion, abnormal cardiac morphology, circulatory defects and absence or malformation of the eyes. In contrast, Au-NP did not show any indication of toxicity. Uptake and accumulation of nanoparticles in embryos was confirmed by inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectroscopy (ICP-OES), which revealed detectable levels in embryos within 72 hpf. Ag-NP and Au-NP were taken up by the embryos in relatively equal amounts whereas lower Pt concentrations were observed in embryos exposed to Pt-NP. This was probably due to the small size of the Pt nanoparticles compared to Ag-NP and Au-NP, thus resulting in fewer metal atoms being retained in the embryos. Among the nanoparticles studied, Ag-NPs were found to be the most toxic and Au-NPs the non-toxic. The toxic effects exhibited by the zebrafish embryos as a consequence of nanoparticle exposure, accompanied by the accumulation of metals inside the body calls for urgent further investigations in this field. PMID:21417687

Asharani, P V; Lianwu, Yi; Gong, Zhiyuan; Valiyaveettil, Suresh

2011-03-01

367

Gold and silver nanoparticles for biomolecule immobilization and enzymatic catalysis  

PubMed Central

In this work, a simple method for alcohol synthesis with high enantiomeric purity was proposed. For this, colloidal gold and silver surface modifications with 3-mercaptopropanoic acid and cysteamine were used to generate carboxyl and amine functionalized gold and silver nanoparticles of 15 and 45?nm, respectively. Alcohol dehydrogenase from Thermoanaerobium brockii (TbADH) and its cofactor (NADPH) were physical and covalent (through direct adsorption and using cross-linker) immobilized on nanoparticles' surface. In contrast to the physical and covalent immobilizations that led to a loss of 90% of the initial enzyme activity and 98% immobilization, the use of a cross-linker in immobilization process promoted a loss to 30% of the initial enzyme activity and >92% immobilization. The yield of NADPH immobilization was about 80%. The best results in terms of activity were obtained with Ag-citr nanoparticle functionalized with carboxyl groups (Ag-COOH), Au-COOH(CTAB), and Au-citr functionalized with amine groups and stabilized with CTAB (Au-NH2(CTAB)) nanoparticles treated with 0.7% and 1.0% glutaraldehyde. Enzyme conformation upon immobilization was studied using fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopies. Shift in ellipticity at 222?nm with about 4 to 7?nm and significant decreasing in fluorescence emission for all bioconjugates were observed by binding of TbADH to silver/gold nanoparticles. Emission redshifting of 5?nm only for Ag-COOH-TbADH bioconjugate demonstrated change in the microenvironment of TbADH. Enzyme immobilization on glutaraldehyde-treated Au-NH2(CTAB) nanoparticles promotes an additional stabilization preserving about 50% of enzyme activity after 15?days storage. Nanoparticles attached-TbADH-NADPH systems were used for enantioselective (ee?>?99%) synthesis of (S)-7-hydroxy-2-tetralol.

2012-01-01

368

Gold and silver nanoparticles for biomolecule immobilization and enzymatic catalysis  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, a simple method for alcohol synthesis with high enantiomeric purity was proposed. For this, colloidal gold and silver surface modifications with 3-mercaptopropanoic acid and cysteamine were used to generate carboxyl and amine functionalized gold and silver nanoparticles of 15 and 45 nm, respectively. Alcohol dehydrogenase from Thermoanaerobium brockii (TbADH) and its cofactor (NADPH) were physical and covalent (through direct adsorption and using cross-linker) immobilized on nanoparticles' surface. In contrast to the physical and covalent immobilizations that led to a loss of 90% of the initial enzyme activity and 98% immobilization, the use of a cross-linker in immobilization process promoted a loss to 30% of the initial enzyme activity and >92% immobilization. The yield of NADPH immobilization was about 80%. The best results in terms of activity were obtained with Ag-citr nanoparticle functionalized with carboxyl groups (Ag-COOH), Au-COOH(CTAB), and Au-citr functionalized with amine groups and stabilized with CTAB (Au-NH2(CTAB)) nanoparticles treated with 0.7% and 1.0% glutaraldehyde. Enzyme conformation upon immobilization was studied using fluorescence and circular dichroism spectroscopies. Shift in ellipticity at 222 nm with about 4 to 7 nm and significant decreasing in fluorescence emission for all bioconjugates were observed by binding of TbADH to silver/gold nanoparticles. Emission redshifting of 5 nm only for Ag-COOH-TbADH bioconjugate demonstrated change in the microenvironment of TbADH. Enzyme immobilization on glutaraldehyde-treated Au-NH2(CTAB) nanoparticles promotes an additional stabilization preserving about 50% of enzyme activity after 15 days storage. Nanoparticles attached-TbADH-NADPH systems were used for enantioselective ( ee > 99%) synthesis of ( S)-7-hydroxy-2-tetralol.

Petkova, Galina A.; Záruba, ?amil; Žvátora, Pavel; Král, Vladimír

2012-06-01

369

Surface enhanced Raman scattering of silver sensitized cobalt nanoparticles in metal dielectric nanocomposites  

Microsoft Academic Search

We report the preparation of a new type of nanocomposite containing cobalt and silver nanoparticles organized in parallel layers with a well controlled separation. This arrangement allows the observation of an enhanced low-frequency Raman signal at the vibration frequency of cobalt nanoparticles excited through the surface plasmons of silver nanoparticles. Numerical simulations of the electric field confirm the emergence of

J. Margueritat; J. Gonzalo; C. N. Afonso; U. Hörmann; G. Van Tendeloo; A. Mlayah; D. B. Murray; L. Saviot; Y. Zhou; M. H. Hong; B S Luk’yanchuk

2008-01-01

370

Synthesis and In-Vitro Antimycobacterial Studies of Cysteine Capped silver NanoParticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

Nanoparticles are widely used for targeted drug delivery and for other biomedical applications. Particularly silver nanoparticles have gained much importance in nanobiotechnology due to their antimicrobial activity. In the present study, a novel nanobioconjugate of silver and cysteine has been prepared to study the antimycobacterial activity. This is the first ever study wherein Ag nano-particles have been capped by cysteine,

Mithun V. Varghese; Ravindra S. Dhumal; Sharvil S. Patil; Anant R. Paradkar; Pawan K. Khanna

2009-01-01

371

Numerical investigation of the plasmonic properties of bare and cysteine-functionalized silver nanoparticles  

Microsoft Academic Search

The absorption spectra of different aqueous dispersions containing silver nanoparticles were computed by finite element method and compared to spectra determined by UV-Visible spectroscopy. This comparative study proved that the spectrum measured on the aqueous dispersion of bare silver nanoparticles with absorptance maximum at lambdameas = 391 nm corresponds to the characteristic UV surface plasmon band of spherical nanoparticles with

Anikó Szalai; Áron Sipos; Viktória Hornok; László Tóth; Mária Csete; Imre Dékány

2011-01-01

372

Electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization based on silver-enhanced gold nanoparticle label  

Microsoft Academic Search

An electrochemical detection method for analyzing sequence-specific DNA using gold nanoparticle DNA probes and subsequent signal amplification step by silver enhancement is described. The assay relies on the electrostatic adsorption of target oligonucleotides onto the sensing surface of the glassy carbon electrode (GCE) and its hybridization to the gold nanoparticle-labeled oligonucleotides DNA probe. After silver deposition onto gold nanoparticles, binding

Hong Cai; Yanqing Wang; Pingang He; Yuzhi Fang

2002-01-01

373

Photoemission electron microscopy of a plasmonic silver nanoparticle trimer  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

We present a combined experimental and theoretical study to investigate the spatial distribution of photoelectrons emitted from silver-coated polystyrene nanoparticles. We use two-photon photoemission electron microscopy (2P-PEEM) to image electron emission from a silver-capped aggregate trimer. Finite difference time domain (FDTD) simulations are performed to model the intensity distributions of the electromagnetic near fields resulting from femtosecond laser excitation of localized surface plasmon oscillations in the trimer structure. We demonstrate that the predicted FDTD near-field intensity distribution reproduces the 2P-PEEM photoemission pattern.

Peppernick, Samuel J.; Joly, Alan G.; Beck, Kenneth M.; Hess, Wayne P.; Wang, Jinyong; Wang, Yi-Chung; Wei, W. David

2013-07-01

374

Consequence of silver nanoparticles embedment on the carrier mobility and space charge limited conduction in doped polyaniline  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study depicts a one-pot strategy to fabricate silver-polyaniline hybrid nanocomposites with superior and tunable electrical properties, supported by structural characterizations and detail analysis of their temperature dependent current density (J)-voltage (V) characteristics. TEM micrographs clearly reveal that the nanocomposites synthesized by this one-pot strategy contain higher dispersion of sliver nanoparticle within the polyaniline matrix with respect to that obtained from the embedment of externally pre-synthesized silver nanoparticles. The results obtained from the analysis of J-V characteristics indicate the prevalence of trapped charge-limited conduction mechanism in doped polyaniline and its nanocomposites. For the nanocomposites obtained from one-pot strategy, a transition of charge transport mechanism from deep exponential trap limited to shallow traps limited conduction has been occurred due to higher dispersion of silver nanoparticles within the polyaniline matrix. Such distinct variation of charge conduction is absent in the nanocomposites obtained from the embedment of externally pre-synthesized silver nanoparticles. A direct evaluation of carrier mobility as a function of electric field and temperature illustrates that the incorporation of only ˜13 to 18 wt% of silver nanoparticles within the polyaniline matrix enhances the carrier mobility in a large extent by reducing the concentration of traps within the polymer matrix. The calculated mobility is consistent with the Poole-Frenkel form for the electrical field up to a certain temperature range. The nonlinear low temperature dependency of mobility of all the nanostructured samples has been explained by Mott variable range hopping conduction mechanisms. Qualitative estimation of various disorder parameters such as optimal hopping distance, localization lengths etc., would help us to outspread the strategies for the fabrication of new organic semiconducting nano-structured devices.

Biswas, Swarup; Dutta, Bula; Bhattacharya, Subhratanu

2014-02-01

375

The effect of temperature on antibacterial activity of biosynthesized silver nanoparticles.  

PubMed

The purpose of this study was the evaluation of two different temperatures on antibacterial activity of the biosynthesized silver nanoparticles. 38 silver nanoparticles-producing bacteria were isolated from soil and identified. Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by these bacteria was verified through visible light spectrophotometry. Two strains were relatively active for production of silver nanoparticles. These strains were subjected for molecular identification and recognized as Bacillus sp. and Acinetobacter schindleri. In the present study, the effect of temperatures was evaluated on structure and antimicrobial properties of the silver nanoparrticles by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis and antimicrobial Agar well diffusion methods. The silver nanoparticles showed antibacterial activity against all the pathogenic bacteria; however, this property was lost after treatment of the silver nanoparticles by high temperatures (100 and 300 °C). TEM images showed that the average sizes of heated silver nanoparticles were >100 nm. However, these were <100 nm for non-heated silver nanoparticles. Although, XRD patterns showed the crystalline structure of heated silver nanoparticles, their antibacterial activities were less. This was possible because of the sizes and accordingly less penetration of the particles into the bacterial cells. In addition, elimination of the capping agents by heat might be considered another reason. PMID:23324852

Pourali, Parastoo; Baserisalehi, Majid; Afsharnezhad, Sima; Behravan, Javad; Ganjali, Rashin; Bahador, Nima; Arabzadeh, Sepideh

2013-02-01

376

Silver and Gold Nanoparticles Alter Cathepsin Activity In vitro  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanomaterials are being incorporated into many biological applications for use as therapeutics, sensors, or labels. Silver nanomaterials are being utilized for biological implants and wound dressings as an antiviral material, whereas gold nanomaterials are being used as biological labels or sensors due to their surface properties and biocompatibility. Cytotoxicity data of these materials are becoming more prevalent; however, little research has been performed to understand how the introduction of these materials into cells affects cellular processes. Here, we demonstrate the impact that silver and gold nanoparticles have on cathepsin activity in vitro. Cathepsins are important cellular proteases that are imperative for proper immune system function. We have selected to examine gold and silver nanoparticles due to the increased use of these materials in biological applications. This manuscript depicts how both of these types of nanomaterials affect cathepsin activity, which could impact the host's immune system and its ability to respond to pathogens. Cathepsin B activity decreases in a dose-dependent manner with all nanoparticles tested. Alternatively, the impact of nanoparticles on cathepsin L activity depends greatly on the type and size of the material.

Speshock, Janice L.; Braydich-Stolle, Laura K.; Szymanski, Eric R.; Hussain, Saber M.

2010-12-01

377

Silver and Gold Nanoparticles Alter Cathepsin Activity In vitro  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Nanomaterials are being incorporated into many biological applications for use as therapeutics, sensors, or labels. Silver nanomaterials are being utilized for biological implants and wound dressings as an antiviral material, whereas gold nanomaterials are being used as biological labels or sensors due to their surface properties and biocompatibility. Cytotoxicity data of these materials are becoming more prevalent; however, little research has been performed to understand how the introduction of these materials into cells affects cellular processes. Here, we demonstrate the impact that silver and gold nanoparticles have on cathepsin activity in vitro. Cathepsins are important cellular proteases that are imperative for proper immune system function. We have selected to examine gold and silver nanoparticles due to the increased use of these materials in biological applications. This manuscript depicts how both of these types of nanomaterials affect cathepsin activity, which could impact the host's immune system and its ability to respond to pathogens. Cathepsin B activity decreases in a dose-dependent manner with all nanoparticles tested. Alternatively, the impact of nanoparticles on cathepsin L activity depends greatly on the type and size of the material.

Speshock, Janice L.; Braydich-Stolle, Laura K.; Szymanski, Eric R.; Hussain, Saber M.

2011-12-01

378

Dendrigraft polymer-based synthesis of silver nanoparticles showing bright blue fluorescence  

SciTech Connect

A novel method is reported here for the synthesis of optically clear and stable colloidal solutions of silver nanoparticles. According to size they show different colours depending upon their plasmonic absorption frequencies. The materials have been synthesized at room temperature by chemical reduction of silver ions (silver nitrate) coordinated with dendrigraft polymer, polyethyleneimine (PEI) using formaldehyde in aqueous medium. UV-vis absorption and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) studies show single-band absorption with peak maximum at 354 nm for {approx}3 nm sized particles, whereas a side band at {approx}400 nm was observed when the particle size increased to {approx}20 nm. Highly narrow particle size distribution was observed in case of samples having {approx}3 nm size silver particles and also the process of reduction could be completed within minutes. More interestingly, the 3-nm sized particles showed strong blue (474 nm) fluorescence under UV excitation. Thin films of all synthesized samples were prepared on silica substrate by fine spray coating technique.

Manoth, M. [Material Development Group, Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur 342011 (India); Manzoor, K. [Centre for Nanoscience, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Cochin (India); Patra, M.K. [Material Development Group, Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur 342011 (India); Pandey, P. [Defence Research Development Establishment, Gwalior (India); Vadera, S.R. [Material Development Group, Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur 342011 (India); Kumar, N. [Material Development Group, Defence Laboratory, Jodhpur 342011 (India)], E-mail: nkjainjd@yahoo.com

2009-03-05

379

Fabrication of silver nanoparticles doped in the zeolite framework and antibacterial activity  

PubMed Central

Using the chemical reduction method, silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were effectively synthesized into the zeolite framework in the absence of any heat treatment. Zeolite, silver nitrate, and sodium borohydride were used as an inorganic solid support, a silver precursor, and a chemical reduction agent, respectively. Silver ions were introduced into the porous zeolite lattice by an ion-exchange path. After the reduction process, Ag NPs formed in the zeolite framework, with a mean diameter of about 2.12–3.11 nm. The most favorable experimental condition for the synthesis of Ag/zeolite nanocomposites (NCs) is described in terms of the initial concentration of AgNO3. The Ag/zeolite NCs were characterized by ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, powder X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence, and Fourier transform infrared. The results show that Ag NPs form a spherical shape with uniform homogeneity in the particle size. The antibacterial activity of Ag NPs in zeolites was investigated against Gram-negative bacteria (ie, Escherichia coli and Shigella dysentriae) and Gram-positive bacteria (ie, Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus) by disk diffusion method using Mueller–Hinton agar at different sizes of Ag NPs. All of the synthesized Ag/zeolite NCs were found to have antibacterial activity. These results show that Ag NPs in the zeolite framework can be useful in different biological research and biomedical applications.

Shameli, Kamyar; Ahmad, Mansor Bin; Zargar, Mohsen; Yunus, Wan Md Zin Wan; Ibrahim, Nor Azowa

2011-01-01

380

Antibacterial potential of biosynthesised silver nanoparticles using Avicennia marina mangrove plant  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study was aimed to identify the antibacterial potential of biosynthesised silver nanoparticles using different plant parts (leaves, bark and root) of Avicenna marina mangrove plant. Of the selected three different parts, the leaf extract showed the maximum synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The in vitro antibacterial assay (100 ?g disk-1 concentration) showed the results of maximum zone of inhibition with the E. coli (18.40 ± 0.97 mm), and minimum (10.87 ± 1.33 mm) zone of inhibition with S. aureus but the concentrations of MIC and MBC values ranged between 6.25 and 50.0 ?g ml-1 between the selected bacterial strains. The FTIR results of most potent leaf extract-synthesized silver nanoparticles showed the prominent peaks (620.967; 1,061.02; 1,116.58; 1,187.94; 1,280.50; 1,353.79; 1,384.64; 1,598.50; 1,629.56; 2,854.14 and 2,927.42) in different ranges. Further, the results of XRD analysis showed the 2 ? intense values (38.11 and 70.57) within the ranges of Bragg's reflection. In addition, the AFM analysis showed the results of particle sizes (71-110 nm), particle roughness (11.8 nm), maximum height of the particle roughness (111.8 nm), and average maximum height of the particle roughness (57.5 nm). It can be concluded from the present findings that, the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles from the leaf extract of A. marina can be used as potential antibacterial agents.

Gnanadesigan, M.; Anand, M.; Ravikumar, S.; Maruthupandy, M.; Syed Ali, M.; Vijayakumar, V.; Kumaraguru, A. K.

2012-06-01

381

Influence of colloidal silver nanoparticles on the novel flower-like titanium dioxide oxygen sensor performances.  

PubMed

Titanium dioxide (TiO2-anatase phase) thin films, consisting of agglomerated flower-like nanoparticles, have been synthesized using an ultrasonic spray pyrolysis (USP) method in combination with titanium (IV) oxide acetylacetonate [TiO(acac)2], and methanol at 550 degrees C. These thin films were subsequently thermally treated in air, at 950 degrees C for six hours, and the flower-like particles were transformed into smooth surfaces mainly formed by the TiO2-rutile phase. In order to prepare oxygen sensors of good performance, TiO2 thin films were deposited on interdigitated gold electrodes with contacted alumina substrates. The silver colloidal solution was impregnated on the TiO2 thin film. Since the solvent in which the silver nanoparticles are suspended evaporates at 200 degrees C, the thin films were then annealed at this temperature in air for one hour. The effect of colloidal silver nanoparticles on the response of the thin films TiO2 oxygen sensors has been studied, in a mixture with zero-grade air. The gas-sensing properties of TiO2 sensors in an atmosphere of 10(4) ppm of oxygen were measured between 25 and 500 degrees C. The experimental results obtained with colloidal silver nanoparticles as surface additive show that the sensitivity to an O2 concentration of 100 ppm in zero grade air at 300 degrees C reaches a stationary value of 0.40, and 0.03, for TiO2-anatase and -rutile phase films, respectively. This values are as high as those reported for oxygen sensors prepared by more expensive techniques. PMID:20352797

Castañeda, L; López-Suárez, A; Tiburcio-Silver, A

2010-02-01

382

Seaweed-mediated biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Gracilaria corticata for its antifungal activity against Candida spp.  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

The present study was demonstrated with simple and rapid synthesis of silver (Ag) nanoparticles using marine seaweed, Gracilaria corticata. The visibility of prominent color change at 60 °C within 20 min indicates the formation of Ag nanoparticles. The synthesized Ag nanoparticles were well characterized by UV-vis spectrum, Fourier infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering measurements (DLS). Prominent FTIR peaks were obtained corresponding to phenolic compounds, amide I group and aromatic rings which involved in the stabilization of Ag nanoparticles. G. corticata resulted in spherical shaped nanospheres of 18-46 nm as revealed by TEM. The average size distributions of Ag nanoparticles were 51.82 nm and are fairly stable with a zeta potential value of -26.2 mV. The result showed that, biosynthesized Ag nanoparticles from G. corticata have an effective antifungal activity against Candida albicans and C. glabrata.

Kumar, P.; Senthamil Selvi, S.; Govindaraju, M.

2013-12-01

383

Tuning the electromagnetic field coupling between nanoporous silver and silver nanoparticles connected by hybridized oligonucleotide  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

On monolithic nanoporous silver (NPS), via DNA hybridization, we constructed an NPS/DNA-Cy5/silver nanoparticle (Ag NP) sandwich to investigate its SERS effect. In this sandwich, no chemical enhancement contributes to the SERS signal of Cy5. As compared with NPS, the present substrate exhibits particularly strong electromagnetic (EM) field enhancement. At the same Ag NPs surface loading, the SERS intensity decreases exponentially with increasing the length of double-stranded DNA (dsDNA). A larger pore size of NPS leads to weaker EM enhancement within the sandwich, but the relative intensity is not sensitive to the sizes and it is determined by the length of dsDNA.

Zhao, Yin; Yan, Keqian; Huang, Xirong; Zhang, Zhonghua; Qu, Yinbo

2013-01-01

384

Synthesis of biomacromolecule-stabilized silver nanoparticles and their surface-enhanced Raman scattering properties  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

In this work, water soluble silver nanoparticles stabilized by biomacromolecule, were produced through using an aqueous solution of silver nitrate with Bovine Serum Albumin (BSA) under different reducing agents (such as sodium borohydride, hydrazine, N, N-dimethyl formamide) at the room temperature, where BSA provided the main function to form monodispersed silver nanoparticles. UV-vis spectroscopy, Fluorescence spectra, TEM and HR-TEM are used to characterize the BSA-capped silver nanoparticles under different condition. The results show that the formed silver nanoparticles have different size and morphology under the three different reducing agents. Moreover, the fluorescence intensity of BSA was drastically quenched in presence of Ag nanoparticles from the results of fluorescence spectra. Furthermore, the surface-enhanced Raman scattering effects of the formed silver nanoparticles were also displayed and we made a comparison under three different reducing agents.

Zhang, Danhui; Yang, Houbo

2013-09-01

385

Microwave-assisted synthesis of silver nanoparticles using benzo-18-crown-6 as reducing and stabilizing agent  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

Benzo-18-crown-6 is employed to work as both reducing and stabilizing reagent in the reaction for synthesis of silver nanoparticles. Silver nanoparticles are analyzed using transmission electron microscope and UV-visible spectroscopic technique. The silver nanoparticles prepared in this way are uniform and stable, which can be stored at refrigerator for 5 months. Appearance of surface plasmon band at 420 nm indicated the formation of silver nanoparticles. Highly monodispersed stable silver nanoparticles were obtained within 3 min of microwave irradiation. Through transmission electron microscopy, silver nanoparticles were observed to be spherical.

Pal, Jolly; Deb, Manas Kanti; Deshmukh, Dhananjay Kumar

2014-04-01

386

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract and its antimicrobial activity  

NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)

This study reports the simple green synthesis method for the preparation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using Plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract. The pathway of nanoparticles formation is by means of reduction of AgNO3 by leaf extract, which acts as both reducing and capping agents. Synthesized Ag NPs were subjected to different characterizations for studying the structural, chemical, morphological, optical and antimicrobial properties. The bright circular fringes in SAED pattern and diffraction peaks in XRD profile reveals high crystalline nature of biosynthesized Ag NPs. Morphological studies shows the formation of nearly spherical nanoparticles. FTIR spectrum confirms the existence of various functional groups of biomolecules capping the nanoparticles. UV-visible spectrum displays single SPR band at 428 nm indicating the absence of anisotropic particles. The synthesized Ag NPs exhibited better antimicrobial property towards gram negative Escherichia coli and towards tested Penicillium spp. than other tested microorganisms using disc diffusion method. Finally it has proven that the synthesized bio-inspired Ag NPs have potent antimicrobial effect.

Ajitha, B.; Ashok Kumar Reddy, Y.; Sreedhara Reddy, P.

387

Biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles using Plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract and its antimicrobial activity.  

PubMed

This study reports the simple green synthesis method for the preparation of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) using Plectranthus amboinicus leaf extract. The pathway of nanoparticles formation is by means of reduction of AgNO3 by leaf extract, which acts as both reducing and capping agents. Synthesized Ag NPs were subjected to different characterizations for studying the structural, chemical, morphological, optical and antimicrobial properties. The bright circular fringes in SAED pattern and diffraction peaks in XRD profile reveals high crystalline nature of biosynthesized Ag NPs. Morphological studies shows the formation of nearly spherical nanoparticles. FTIR spectrum confirms the existence of various functional groups of biomolecules capping the nanoparticles. UV-visible spectrum displays single SPR band at 428nm indicating the absence of anisotropic particles. The synthesized Ag NPs exhibited better antimicrobial property towards gram negative Escherichia coli and towards tested Penicillium spp. than other tested microorganisms using disc diffusion method. Finally it has proven that the synthesized bio-inspired Ag NPs have potent antimicrobial effect. PMID:24674916